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Full text of "Type-specimens of birds in the British Museum (Natural History)"



m 

*'t • r » f * i ' •. 



TYPE-SPECIMENS OF BIRDS 

IN THE 

BRITISH MUSEUM (NATURAL fflSTORY) 



Vol.2 
PASSERINES 



RACHEL L. M. WARREN ^ r 

AND Z] 

C. J. O. HARRISON 

.■^ r c- I 




■ "•^i ^\':>\y 



TRUSTEES OF 

THE BRITISH MUSEUM (NATURAL HISTORY) 

LONDON : 1971 



Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History) 1971 



-.^ii/- 



fjlV Printed in England by Staples Printers Limited at their Kettering, Northants, establishment 



INTRODUCTION 

This second volume lists in alphabetical order the name-bearing type 
specimens of passerine birds in the Department of Zoology of the British 
Museum (Natural History), following the format used for the non- 
passerines in volume I. The key numbers refer to passerine families or 
sub-families as follows: — 

1. Eurylaimidae 27. Cinclidae 48. Meliphagidae 

2. Dendrocolaptidae 28. Troglodytidae Emberizidae 

3. Fumariidae 29. Mimidae 49. Emberizinae 

4. Formicariidae 30. Prunellidae 50. Cardinalinae 

5. Conopophagidae Muscicapidae Richmondeninae 

6. Rhinnr.rvnfiHnp "11 Tiirrlir.-jo <i t-i 



e) 



le 

71. Corvidae 

The use of letters in addition to figures was necessary owing to 
taxonomic changes during the period of preparation. 

Volume 2 differs from volume 1 in including drawings in the Department 
of Zoology accepted as type specimens (see below). The drawings of 
non-passerines accepted as types are listed among other amendments to 
volume 1 on pp. 613-622. 

A third volume is in preparation which lists in systematic order all the 
names included in volumes I and 2. 

The International Code of Zoological Nomenclature lays responsibilities 
upon the institutions in which types are deposited (recommendation 72). 
However, as was pointed out in the Introduction to Volume 1, they cannot 



Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History) 1971 



ERRATA 

p. 113, line 26, chyula should be chyulu. 

p. 149, line 45, pallidae should be pallida. 

p. 175, line 20, ferreo rostris should he ferreorostris. 

p. 257, last entry, family number should be 35. 

p. 344, delete line 5. 

p. 345, fourth entry, family number should be 38. 

p. 345, fifth entry, family number should be 37A. 

p. 373, line 13, China Seas should be Malaya. 

p. 385, line 8, nigro rufa should be nigrorufa. 

p. 413, line 28, pallidicpes should be pallidiceps. 



ii£f Printed in England by Staples Printers Limited at their Kettering, Northants, establishment 



INTRODUCTION 

This second volume lists in alphabetical order the name-bearing type 
specimens of passerine birds in the Department of Zoology of the British 
Museum (Natural History), following the format used for the non- 
passerines in volume I. The key numbers refer to passerine families or 
sub-families as follows: — 



1. 


Eurylaimidae 


27. 


Cinclidae 


48. 


Meliphagidae 


2. 


Dendrocolaptidae 


28. 


Troglodytidae 




Emberizidae 


3. 


Fumariidae 


29. 


Mimidae 


49. 


Emberizinae 


4. 


Formicariidae 


30. 


Prunellidae 


50. 


Cardinalinae 


5. 


Conopophagidae 




Muscicapidae 




Richmondeninae 


6. 


Rhinocryptidae 


31. 


Turdinae 


51. 


Thraupinae 


7. 


Cotingidae 


32A, 


. Orthonychinae 


52. 


Tersininae 


8. 


Pipridae 


32B. 


Timaliinae 


53. 


Geospizinae 


9. 


Tyrannidae 


33. 


Paradoxomithinae 


54. 


Parulidae 


10. 


Oxyruncidae 


34. 


Polioptilinae 


55. 


Drepanididae 


11. 


Phytotomidae 


35. 


Sylviinae 


56. 


Vireonidae 


12. 


Pittidae 


36. 


Malurinae 


57. 


Icteridae 


13. 


Acanthisittidae 


37. 


Muscicapinae 




Fringillidae 


14. 


Philepittidae 


37A, 


Rhipidurinae 


58. 


Fringillinae 


15. 


Menuridae 


38. 


Monarchinae 


59. 


Carduelinae 


16. 


Atrichornithidae 


39. 


Pachycephalinae 


60. 


Estrildidae 


17. 


Alaudidae 


40. 


Aegithalidae 


61. 


Ploceidae 


18. 


Hirundinidae 


41. 


Remizidae 


62. 


Stumidae 


19. 


Motacillidae 


42. 


Paridae 


63. 


Oriolidae 


20. 


Campephagidae 


43. 


Sittidae 


64. 


Dicruridae 


21. 


Pycnonotidae 


44A 


. Certhiidae 


65. 


Callaeidae (none) 


22. 


Irenidae 


44B. 


Rhabdornithidae 


66. 


Grallinidae 


23. 


Laniidae 


44C 


. Climacteridae 


67. 


Artamidae 


24. 


Vangidae 


45. 


Dicaeidae 


68. 


Cracticidae 


25. 


Bombycillidae 


46. 


Nectariniidae 


69. 


Ptilinorhynchidae 


26. 


Dulidae 


47. 


Zosteropidae 


70. 
71. 


Paradisaeidae 
Corvidae 



The use of letters in addition to figures was necessary owing to 
taxonomic changes during the period of preparation. 

Volume 2 differs from volume 1 in including drawings in the Department 
of Zoology accepted as type specimens (see below). The drawings of 
non-passerines accepted as types are listed among other amendments to 
volume 1 on pp. 613-622. 

A third volume is in preparation which lists in systematic order all the 
names included in volumes 1 and 2. 

The International Code of Zoological Nomenclature lays responsibilities 
upon the institutions in which types are deposited (recommendation 72). 
However, as was pointed out in the Introduction to Volume 1, they cannot 



iv Introduction 

fulfil these responsibilities unless authors notify them of the publication of 
new names based on specimens in their institutions. Labelling of the 
specimens before publication is no substitute ; see the entry " meiiiert- 
zhageni " in the additions and corrections to volume 1 on p. 618. 

We hope that our colleagues in other museums will find this catalogue 
to be a valuable, accurate and systematic record of the bird holotypes and 
selected syntypes, numbering about 8,500, in the Department of Zoology. 

We apologise for any minor inconsistencies of presentation, due to the 
fact that the original entries were prepared in systematic order, over a 
period of years, and that more than one person was involved. Some small 
diff"erences in the wording of entries which only became apparent in the 
final proofs were not considered of sufficient importance to merit alteration. 



Drawings as Type Specimens 

The library of the Museum holds a number of original drawings of 
birds, on which, in some instances, the descriptions and names of new 
species were based, and the models of which were not preserved. These 
drawings must, therefore, be considered as the holotypes, and all those 
accepted as such are now listed in this volume. They are all of Australian 
birds, by four artists of whom Forster, Parkinson and Ellis have been 
dealt with by Lysaght (1959). The fourth was Thomas Wat ling [1762- 
?c. 1810]. 

Watling arrived at Port Jackson, Sydney, in October 1792, as a convict 
transported for forgery ; and was employed by Surgeon J. White to make 
drawings 'of landscapes and natural objects'. Latham (1801, and in 
Sharpe 1906) may have based his descriptions in whole or in part on 
Watling's drawings or on copies of them by himself and others (see 
references on p. vi) although he also had access to the paintings by 
various artists collected by A. B. Lambert. These were drawn in New 
South Wales and sent to Latham in about 1800, and are now in Lord 
Derby's library at Knowsley, Lancashire. The two series of drawings 
were compared by H. W. England, Librarian of the department of Zoology 
at the Museum (Mathews 1942), and he numbered the drawings in the 
sequence in which they are mounted in the volumes. Both the Watling 
and the Lambert drawing numbers are given in the entries here. A 
number of the drawings listed by Sharpe (1906) cannot be accepted as 
types of Latham's descriptions ; some being now considered indeter- 
minate, while in other instances Latham used other material. Some type 
descriptions were wrongly attributed to Latham by Sharpe. Four of 
Latham's English names, although listed by Sharpe, were not latinized 
by him and are not types. Since they are in English they are not referred 
to in the main sequence of this volume ; they are : — no. 270 Crested or 
Caspian Tern, no. 274 New Holland Tern, no. 277 New Holland Crimson- 
billed Gull, and no. 291 New Holland Penguin. 



Introduction v 
Additional notes on Authors and Collections 

Johann Natterer [1787-1843] and August von Peheln [1825-1891] 

The collection made by Natterer in Brazil between 1817 and 1835 went 
to the Imperial Zoological Cabinet, Vienna, and was described by von 
Pelzeln (1871) using some names proposed by Natterer. Von Pelzeln 
would refer to several specimens that had been collected from various 
localities on different dates, and only rarely selected a holotype. P. L. 
Sclater received a number of the specimens in exchange with Vienna, 
and his collection was purchased by the Museum between 1884 and 1890. 
Those specimens referred to by Sclater (1888-1890) as " authentic speci- 
mens ", the dates and localities of which agree with the original des- 
cription, are recognised here as syntypes. 

N. A. Vigors [1785-1840] and T. Horsfield [1773-1859] 

" Australian birds in the collection of the Linnean Society" {Trans. 
Linn. Soc. Lond., 15 : 170-331) was published on 9 February 1827 (minutes 
of the Council of the Society). The first four volumes of Peters' Checklist 
(1931-1939) cite the year incorrectly as 1826, while subsequent volumes 
cite 1 827. A few entries in volume 1 of the present work may give the 
incorrect date. 

E. L. Layard [1824-1900] and his son L. C. Layard {dates not known) 

Sharpe (1906) gives information on the Layards, father and son, and 
my note on H. B. Tristram in volume one mentions the former. L. C. 
Layard would sometimes send home to his father further specimens from 
the same locality soon after the original description was published. Some 
of these have been incorrectly labelled " type " or described as such in the 
Catalogue of Birds. Where this has occurred such invalid " types " 
have entries in the present work with the initial name not in boldface 
print. 



Acknowledgements 



Although in the first volume I expressed my thanks to the Bird Section 
staff as a whole, three names deserve special mention. When head of the 
section Sir Norman Kinnear did much work on the selection of type 
specimens from the older collections of Indian birds. Under the super- 
vision of Mr. C. J. O. Harrison, Mr. S. A. Parker checked and revised 
the layout of every entry in Volume 1, as well as a number in this volume. 
For the last three years Mr. Harrison has continued this work in colla- 
boration with me, and so enabled the task to be completed. 

1 September, 1970 R. L. M. Warren 



vi Introduction 

References 

Gladstone, H. S., 1937. Thomas Watling, limner of Dumfries. Trans. 

Dumfriesshire and Galloway nat. Hist. Antiq. Soc, (3) 20 : 70-133. 
Gray, G. R., 1843. Some rectification of the nomenclature of Australian 

birds. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., 11 : 189-194. 
Gmelin, J. F., 1789. Sy sterna Naturae . . . Editio Decimo Tertia . . . 

cura J. F. Gmelin. 3 vols . . . Lipsiae. 
HiNDWooD, K. A., 1931 . Historical associations and early records of the 

Emu-Wren. Emu, 31 : 99-110. 
HiNDWOOD, K. A., 1965. Sydney bird paintings. Austr. ZooL, 13 : 86. 
Latham, J., 1801. Index Ornithologicus, 2nd. Supplement. London. 
Lysaght, a., 1959. Some Eighteenth Century bird paintings in the 

library of Sir Joesph Banks (1743-1820). Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. 

Hist.), Hist. Ser., 1 : 251-372. 
Mathews, G. M., 1942. The Lambert drawings. Emu. 42 : 123-124. 
Mathews, G. M. & Iredale, T., 1922. Thomas Watling, artist. Austral 

Avian Record, 5 : 22-32, 69-73. 
Pelzeln, a. von, 1871. Zur Ornithologie Brasiliens. Wien. 
Peters, J. L. et al., 1951-1968. Check-list of birds of the world. Cam- 
bridge, Mass. 
RiENlTZ, R & RiENiTZ, T., 1963. Early artists of Australia. Sydney. 
Sawyer, F. C, 1949-1950. Notes on some original drawings of birds 

used by John Latham. /. Soc. Bibliog. nat. Hist., 2 : 111 -119, 190. 
ScLATER, p. L., 1888-1890. Catalogue of the birds in the British Museum, 

vols. 14-15. London. 
Sharpe, R. B., 1906. Section 3, Birds, in. History of the collections con- 
tained in the Natural History Departments of the British Museum, 

2 : 79-515. 
Vigors, N. A. & Horsfield, T., 1827. Australian birds in the collection 

of the Linnean Society. Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15:170-331. 
Watling, T., 1792. Original water-colour drawings of natives, animals, 

plants and scenery in the neighbourhood of Port Jackson, New South 

Wales. [In the Library of the Department of Zoology, British 

Museum (Natural History)]. 



Corrections and Additions to Vols. 1 and 2. 

The corrections and additions to the preceding volume, and those 
relating to the present volume which were noted too late for inclusion 
in the main body of the text, are included as appendices on pp. 613-622 
and 623 - 628. 



abyssinica 1 

aberdare — Cisticola robusta aberdare Lynes, 1930 . . .35 

Ibis, (12) 6, supplement : 426. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1923.8.7.3673. Aberdare Range, 9,000-11,000', Kenya, 26 March 
1912. Collected and presented by Col. Stephenson Clarke. 

aberrans — Drymoica aberrans Smith, 1843 . . . . .35 
Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa, Aves, pi. 78. Syntype, 
Adult female (male, vide Lynes, Ibis, (12)6, Supplement, (1930) : 
615). Reg. no. 1843.2.28.90 (?error in register, =.97). Near Port 
Natal, (South Africa, on label; Transvaal, vide White, Occ. Pap. 
Nat. Mus. Southern Rhodesia, 262 (1962) : 660). Collected by 
A. Smith. Purchased of the South African Museum. 
See also Lynes, Ibis, (12) 6, Supplement, (1930) : 615. 

abingdoni— Cacromw abingdoni P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1870 53 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1870 : 326, fig. 5. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1885.12.14.561. Abingdon Island, Galapagos Archi- 
pelago, (Dec. 1868, on label). Collected by A. Habel. Salvin- 
Godman Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 20. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

ablutum — Dicaeum sanguinolentum ablutum Robinson and Kloss, 

1923 45 

J.F.M.S. Mus., 11 : 57. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1927. 
4.18.691. Tamansari, 16,000', near Banjoewnagi, East Java, 
20 Jan. 1920. Collected by C. B. Kloss. Presented by H. C. 
Robinson. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

abuensis — Dumetia albigularis abuensis Wax'mgion, \9\5 . 32B 

J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc., 23 : 429. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1886.10.1.4702. Mount Abu, Deesa, India, 27 April 1875. Col- 
lected by E. A. Butler. Hume Collection. 

There are four other syntypes in the collection, two adult and 
two immature. 

abuensis — Otocompsajocosa abuensis '^\\\?,i\QT,\92)\ .21 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 52 : 40. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1886.9.1.2519. Mount Abu, Rajputana, 29 April 1868. Hume 
Collection. 

abyssinica — Eremomela elegans abyssinica ^dLnnevrmn, \9\\ . . 35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 29 : 38. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1912.10.15.840. Omo River, 2,000', Kullo, South-western Abys- 
sinia, 24 June 1905. Collected by P. Zaphiro. Presented by 
W. N. Macmillan. 



2 abyssinica 

abyssinica — Lusciniola abyssinica Blundell and Lovat, 1 899 . . 35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 10 : 19. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1900.1.3.109. Lake Chercher, near Harrar, South Abyssinia, 
12 July 1899. Collected and presented by H. W. Blundell and 
Lord Lovat. 

abyssinica — Salpornis salvadorii abyssinica Ogilvie-Gvant, 1913 . 44a 
Ibis, (10) I : 597. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1912.10.15.1148. 
Limmu, (c. 150 miles west of Addis Ababa, vide op. cit. 552, pi. 12, 
map.), 2,300', Urguessa River, Abyssinia, 30 April 1905. Collected 
by P. C. Zaphiro. Presented by W. N. Macmillan. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

abariensis — Notiocorys abariensis Chubb, 1921 . .19 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 41 : 79. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1922.3.5.3713. Abary River, British Guiana, Nov. 1906. Collected 
by F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

abariensis — Pachysylvia thoracicus abariensis Chubb, 1921 . .56 

Birds of British Guiana, 2 : 395. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1922.3.5.3629. Abary River, British Guiana, July 1906. Collected 
by F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 

abariensis — Planesticus fumigatus abariensis Chubb, 1918 . . 31 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 38 : 53. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1905.6.28. 
124. Abary River, British Guiana, Sept. 1906. Collected by 
F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 

acer — r^'ra/j/jwcw^ ace/* Salvin and Godman, 1883 ... 9 

Ibis, (5) 1 :206. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1888.1.1.643. 
Bartica Grove, British Guiana, Aug. 1879. Collected by H. 
Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

There are several other syntypes in the collection. This specimen 
was registered as the type, but another was listed as the type by 
Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 134. 

acholiensis — Sheppardia aequatorialis acholiensis Macdonald, 1940 . 31 
Ibis, (14) 4 : 670. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1939.10.3.21. 
Kitibol, 6,000', Acholi Hills, Imatong Mountains, Sudan, 16 Nov. 
1938. Collected and presented by F. O. Cave. 

acuminata — Haemophila acuminata Salvin and Godman, 1886 . 49 
Biol. Centr.-Amer., Aves, 1 : 397. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.2.10.558. Yauntepec, Mexico. Collected by Deppe. 
Sclater Collection, from the Berlin Museum. 

Salvin and Godman took the name from a Lichtenstein nomen 
nudum, Aimophila acuminata, vide Nomencl. Av. Musei Zool. Berol. 
(1854) :43. 



admiralis 3 

acuticauda — Munia acuticauda Hodgson, 1836. . . . .60 
Asiat. Res., 19 : 153. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1843.1.13.823. 
Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
There are other syntypes in the collection. 

acutipennis — Hapalocercus acutipennis P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1873 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1873 : 187. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.320. Bogota, Colombia. Collected for Verreaux. 
Sclater Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 95. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

acutirostris — Brachypteryx acutirostris Eyton, 1 845 . . . 32B 
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (1) 16 : 228. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1846.3.4.36. Malacca, Malaya. Collected and presented by 
A. Charlton. 

acutirostris — Calandrella acutirostris Hume, 1813 . . .17 

In Henderson and Hume, Lahore to Yarkand : 265. Holotype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1887.7.1.3739. Balakchi, Yarkand, 5 Aug. 
1870. Collected by Dr. G. Henderson. Hume Collection. 

adamsi — AlaudaadamsiW\xmQ,\'&l\ ...... 17 

Ibis, (3) 1 : 405. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1887.7.1.3218. Mur- 
dan, India, Dec. 1870. Collected by Capt. Unwin. Hume Collec- 
tion. 
There are six other syntypes in the collection. 

adamsi — Montifringilla adamsi Adams, 1859 . . . .61 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 (pub. 1859) : 482. ex Moore MS. 
Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1860.1.6.1. Ladakh and Little 
Tibet, July 1852 (vide Adams, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 : 178). 
Collected and presented by A. L. Adams. 

The single Adams specimen received from the Honourable East 
India Company Museum was listed by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
12 (1888) : 262, as the type, but Adams (vide Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 
1859 : 178) refers to several syntypes and the above specimen 
presented by Adams has been selected. 

adjacens — Apalis melanocephala adjacens Clancey, 1969 . . 35 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 89 : 93. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1946.5.3383. Njesi Plateau, c.5000', Unangu, North Mozambique, 
Lat. 12^45' S., Long. 35°20' E., 11 August 1945. Collected and 
presented by C. W. Benson. 

admiralis — Cisticola emini admiralis Bates, 1930 . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 51 : 50. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1930.3.4.2. Kulikoro, French Sudan, 9 July 1928. Collected by 
and purchased of G. L. Bates. 



4 adoxa 

adoxsi—Spermophila adoxa Gosse, 1 847 . . . . .50 
Birds of Jamaica : 253, pi. 65 (1849). Holotype, Immature (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1847.6.8.17. Grand Vale, Jamaica, 9 Aug. 
1845. Collected by and purchased of P. H. Gosse. 

adusta — Synallaxis adusta Salvin and Godman, 1884 ... 3 
Ibis, (5) 2 : 450. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1889.5.14.209. 
6,000', Mount Roraima, British Guiana, 7 Sept. 1883. Collected 
by H. Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are four other syntypes in the collection. 

aemodius — Conostoma aemodius Hodgson, 1841 . . .33 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 10 : 857. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1843.1.13.780. Nepal: north region close to perpetual 
snows. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

aemodius — Pants aemodius BXyih, \MA .42 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 13, pt. 2, 1 : 943. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1967.36.1. (assigned later). Collector's no. 830). Nepal. Col- 
lected for and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 

The specimen has no tail. Blyth used a Hodgson MS. name. 
Two specimens were listed as types by Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus. 
8 (1883) : 43. 

aeneigularis — Nectarinia aeneigularis Sharpe, 1891 . .46 

Ibis, (6) 3 :444. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1893.12.1.12. 
Sotik, Kenya, 6 Oct, 1889. Collected and presented by F. J. 
Jackson. 

aequatorialis — Amaurospiza aequatorialis Sharpe, 1888 . .59 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 : 157. Holotype, Not fully adult male. 
Reg. no. 1885.2.10.103. Pallatanga, Ecuador, 1859. Collected 
by L. Fraser. Sclater Collection. 

aequatorialis — Callene aequatorialis Jackson, 1906 .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., \6 -.46. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1906.1.5.1. 
Kericho, 7,500', Lumbwa, Kenya, 15 June 1903. Collected and 
presented by F. J. Jackson. 

aequatorialis — Megabias aequatorialis Jackson, 1904 . . .38 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 15 : 11. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1905.1.10.3. Entebbe, Uganda (4,000', 6 Oct. 1901, on label). 
Collected and presented as the type by F. J. Jackson. 
A female syntype, not in the collection, was also described. 

aequatorialis — Quiscalus aequatorialis V. L. Sdater, \S62 . . 57 
Catalogue of a collection of American birds : 140. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1885.7.12.334. Babahoyo, west Ecuador. Aug. 
1859. Collected by L. Fraser. Sclater Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 



affinis 5 

aequatorialis — Thamnistes aequatorialis P. L. Sclater, IS61. . 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1961 : 380. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.9.20.178. Rio Napo, Ecuador (type locality restricted by 
Chapman, Bull. Amer. Mus. nat. Hist., 36 (1917) : 369). Collected 
for Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 
The other syntype is in the collection. 

aequinoctialis — Cyclorhynchus aequinoctialis P. L. Sclater, 1858 . 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1858 : 70. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1888.1.13.694. Napo River, eastern Ecuador. Collected for 
Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 

aestigma — Muscicapa aestigma J. E. Gray, IS46 . . . .37 
Catalogue of mammalia and birds of Nepal and Thibet presented by 
Hodgson to the British Museum : 90, 1 55. Syntype, Adult (male, 
vide, Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 (1879) :206). Reg.no. 1843.1.13. 
684. (Collector's no. 141). Nepal. Collected and presented by 
B. H. Hodgson. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe {op. cit.). There are several other 
syntypes in the collection. 

aethiopica — Hirundo aethiopica Blanford, 1869 . .18 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 4 : 329. Holotype, Adult (female on 
label). Reg. no. 1869.10.16.4. (Barakit, 7,500', Tigre, Abyssinia, 
24 May 1868 on label). Collected by W. T. Blanford and presented 
by the Governor and Council of the Bombay Government. 

aethiops — Oryzoborus aethiops P. h. Sclaier, \%6Q . .59 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 88. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1888.2.10.95. Nanegal, West Ecuador, Feb. 1859. Collected by 
L. Eraser. Sclater Collection. 

sthiops — Poecilodryas aethiops F. L. Sclater, IS80 ... 31 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1880 : 66, pi. 7. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1881.3.29.19. Kabakadai, New Britain, Jan. 1879. 
Collected by the Rev. G. Brown and purchased of Gerrard. 

aethiops — Thamnophilus aethiops P. L. Sclater, IS5S. ... 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 65. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1889.9.20.37. Rio Napo, Ecuador. Probably collected by 
Villavicencio. Sclater Collection; obtained by Sclater from 
Verreaux. 
There is a female syntype in the collection. 

afiKnis — Abrornis affinis Moore, IS54 . . .35 

in Horsfield and Moore, Catalogue of Birds in the Museum of the 
Honourable East India Company, 1 : 341. Holotype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.3042. Nepal. Collected by B. H. 
Hodgson. Presented by the Honourable East India Company. 



6 afflnis 

affinis — Apalis affinis Ogilvie-Grant, 1906 . . . . .35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 16 : 116. Syntype, Adult male. Rea. no. 
1906.12.23.1022. (Mubuku Valley, 11 Jan. 1906, on label). 
Eastern Ruwenzoii. Collected by R. E. Dent. Presented by the 
subscribers to the Ruwenzori Expedition. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

affinis — Cinnyris ajfinis Woxsfitld, 1821 . . . .46 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 166. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4786. (Allocated in 1961). Java. Collected 
by T. Horsfield. Presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 

In very bad condition. Although Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
9 (1884) : 108, refers to two specimens, this is the only one that can 
be traced. 

affinis — Drymoica affinis Smith, 1843 . . .35 

Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa, Aves, pi. 77. Syntype, 
female (immature, vide Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) : 195). 
Reg. no. 1843.2.28.109. South Africa. (=Rustenberg; vide 
Roberts, Ann. Transvaal Mus., (1922); 242). Collected by A. 
Smith. Purchased of the South Africa Society. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, op. cit., but there is no information 
regarding the number of specimens available. 

affinis — Garrulax affinis B\yth, 1843 ...... 32B 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 12 : 950. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1843.1.13.553. Nepal. Collected and presented by 
B. H. Hodgson. 

There are several other syntypes in the collection. The author 
used Hodgson's MS name. 

affinis — Hapalophus affinis G. R. Gray, IS37 . . . .23 
Mag. nat. Hist., (n.s.) 1 : 489. Holotype (Adult male, vide Gadow, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 8 (1883) : 142). Reg. no. 1837.6.10.407. 
Zanzibar. Purchased at Baron Laugier's sale in Paris. 

affinis — Hemignathus affinis KoihschWd, \%92) . . . .55 

Ibis, (6)5:112. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1939.12.9.142. 
Collector's number 1698). Mauai Island, Sandwich Islands, (9 Aug. 
1892, on label). Collected by H. C. Palmer. Rothschild Bequest. 
No holotype was designated. The specimen listed as the type by 
Hartert, Novit. Zool., 26 (1919) : 170 was one of a series of syntypes 
which included the above specimen. 

amnh— Mirafra affinis B\yth, IS45 17 

./ Asiat Soc. Bengal, 13 (1844, pub. 1845) : 959. 

The two Jerdon specimens listed as types by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. 
Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 615 are presumably those described by Jerdon 



affinis 7 

as Mirafra affinis in the Madras J. Lit. Sci., 13, vol. 31 (1844, pub. 
1846) : 136. Although Blyth used Jerdon's MS name it is not 
known from what specimens the former made his description. 

affinis — Myiolestes affinis G. R. Gray, 1862. . .39 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 (publ. 1862) : 430. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1873.5.12.1284. Gagie Island (off western New 
Guinea). Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

affinis — Myiothera affimis Horsfield, 1821 . . . . .12 
Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 145. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1880 1.1.4782. (allocated at a later date). Java. Presented by 
the Honourable East India Company Museum. 

The specimen is a partly-relaxed mount almost completely devoid 
of feathers but is the specimen referable to the period of the descrip- 
tion. 

affinis — Phoenicornis affinis McClelland, 1 840 . . . .20 
in Horsfield, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1839 (pub. 1840) : 157. 
Syntype, Adult female (relaxed mount, tail incomplete). Reg. 
no. 1880.1.1.2757. Assam. Collected by J. McClelland and pre- 
sented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

affinis — Phyllopneuste affinis Wodgson, \%AA . . . .35 

in J. E. Gray, Zoological Miscellany; 82; and also J. E. Gray, List of 
Mammalia and birds of Nepal and Thibet presented by B. H. Hodgson 
. . . to the British Museum (1846) : 65. These are nomina nuda 
and the specimen listed as the type by Seebohm, Cat. Bds. Brit. 
Mus., 5 (1881) : 65, has no type status. 

affinis — Poecile affinis Prjevalski, 1816 . . . . .42 

Mongol, i strana Tangut., 2 : 52. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1901.5.4.75. Kansu, Mongolia, (February, on label). Collected 
by N. Prjevalski. Purchased of M. Menzbier as the type. 

There is a translation of the description by F. C. Craemers in 
Rowley, Ornithological Miscellany 2 (1877) : 188. 

affinis — Poocaetes gramineus affinis M\\\tr, \888 . . .49 

Auk, 5 : 404. Holotype, Reg. no. 1906.12.7.3737. Salem, Oregon, 
29 May 1887. Collected by and purchased of G. S. Miller. The 
specimen was not received until 1937 but was given the registration 
number of the original collection. 

affinis — Salicaria affinis ].E. Gxdiy, \8A6 . . . . .35 
Catalogue of Mammalia and Birds of Nepal and Thibet presented by 
B. H. Hodgson to the British Museum : 64, 151. Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1845.1.9.836. Nepal. Collected by a native collector 
for B. H. Hodgson. Presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
There are other syntypes in the collection. 



8 affinis 

affinis — Xanthopygia affinis Ogilvie-Grant, 1906 . . . .31 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 16 : 118. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1907.12.12.98. Racu Racu torrent, 6,000', Mount Morrison, 
central Formosa, Jan. 1906. Collected by and purchased of 
W. Goodfellow. 

This is the author's selected female. His selected male and other 
syntypes are also in the collection. 

africana — Mirafra africana Smith, 1836 . . . .17 

Report of the Expedition for exploring Central Africa . . . 1834; 
Appendix : 47. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1845. 
7.6.201. Eastern province of the colony as far as Latakoo. Col- 
lected by and purchased of Sir A. Smith. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

africanoides — Mirafra africanoides Smith, 1836 . . . .17 

Report of the Expedition for exploring Central Africa . . . 1834 ; 
Appendix : 47. Syntype, Adult male (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 
1838.6.9.89. Eastern province of the colony and country tovi'ards 
Latakoo (in text; type locality restricted to Colesberg by Macdonald, 
Contributions to the Ornithology of western South Africa, 1957 : 95, 
to Litakun, near Kuruman, by White, Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 80 (1960) 
1 1, and back to Colesberg by Clancey, Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 80 (I960) 
103). Collected by A. Smith and purchased of the South African 
Museum. 

There are two other syntypes in the collection; other syntypes are 
at the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. 

agilis — Anthus agilis SykQS, 1832 . . . . . .19 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1832 : 91. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1880.1.1.3024. Deccan, India. Collected by W. H. Sykes 
and presented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 

agilis — Euscarthmus agilis'?. I.. Sc\^^.Qr, \%56 .... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1856 : 28, pi. 118. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.13.372. Bogota, Colombia. Collected for Verreaux. 
Sclater Collection. 

agnatus — Furnarius agnatus P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1873 . . 3 
Nomencl. Av. Neotrop. : 159. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1889.5 
20.30. Valle Dupar, Santa Marta, Colombia, 1870. Collected by 
G. Joad. Sclater Collection. 

There is another syntype in the collection. See Salvin and 
Godman, Ibis, (4) 3 (1879) : 197. 

agricola — Sylvia (Acrocephalus) agricola Jerdon, 1844 . . .35 

Madras J. Lit. Sci., 13, pt. 2. : 131. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1846.4.30.15. Near Nellore. Collected and presented by T. C. 
Jerdon. 



albicilius 9 

This specimen was labelled as the type but there is another 
syntype in the collection. 

agricolensis — Jerdonia agricolensis Hume, 1870 . .35 

Ibis, (2) 6 : 182. Syntype, Adult (female, on label). Reg. no. 
1888.2.20.236. (Etawah, India. 14 Oct. 1869, on label). Col- 
lected by W. E. Brooks. Tweeddale Collection. 

The specimen is that selected by Jerdon {op. cit., p. 185). There 
are other syntypes in the collection. 

alakulensis — Budytes thumbergi alakulensis C. H. B. Grant and 

Mackworth-Praed, 1949 19 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 69 : 131. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1878.12.31.43. Lake Ala Kul. west of Dzungaria, Turkestan- 
Mongolia border 9 May 1876. Collected by Dr. O. Finsch and 
purchased of the Geographical Society of Bremen. 

alberti — Memira alberti Bonaparte, IS50 . . . . .15 
Conspectus generum avium, 1 : 215. Bonaparte used a Gould MS. 
name {vide Gould, Proc. Linn. Soc. Lond., 2 (1850) : 67). Sharpe, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 663, listed a specimen from Gould 
as the type; but de Schaunsee, Proc. Acad. Sci. Philad., 109 (1957) : 
188, quotes a letter of Gould indicating that the type was sent to 
Wilson and states that it is now at Philadelphia. 

albescens — Pachyramphus albescens Gould, 1 839 .... 9 
Zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, 3, Birds: 50, pi. 14. 
Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. Old Cat. 2042. Buenos 
Aires. (The date 4 Jan. 1837 on an early label appears to refer 
to the date on which it was received by Gould). Collected and 
presented by C. Darwin. 

Labelled as the original of the figure. 

albicaudata — Muscicapa albicaudata Jerdon, IS40 . . .37 

Madras J. Lit. Sci., 11 : 16. Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1845.1.10.51. Nilgiri Hills, India (Madras, on label, 
amended by a later hand). Collected and presented as the type by 
T. C. Jerdon. 

A second specimen from the same region was received at a later 
date. 

albiceps — Turdus albiceps Swinhoe, 1 864 . . . .31 

Ibis, (1) 6 : 363. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1896.6.1.656. 
(Tamsuy, Formosa, 15 March 1864, vide Swinhoe, Ibis, (2) 2 (1866) : 
135, pi. 5). Collected by R. Swinhoe. Seebohm Collection. 

Listed as type by Swinhoe, 1866 {loc. cit.). The two other syn- 
types cannot be traced in the collection. (See also appendix. Correc- 
tions and Additions, vol. 2.) 

albicilius — Buglodytes albicilius Yerreaux, \S54 . . .28 

C. r. Acad. Sci., Paris, 38 : 57. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1854.1. 
17.59. Santa Marta, New Granada. Collected for and purchased 
of Verreaux. 



1 albicoUis 

albicollis — Ixitlus flavicollis albicoUis Ticehurst and Whistler, 1924 . 32B 
Bull. Br. Oni. CI., 44:71. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1924.3.13.2. Dharmsala, 4,000', Kangra, north-west Himalayas, 
20 Nov. 1921. Collected and presented by H. Whistler. 

albicolUs— P//J//0 albicollis P. L. Schlater, 1858 . . . .49 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 304. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1858.9.27.19. Mexico. Collected by and purchased of A. Salle. 

This specimen was listed as the type by Hellmayr and Conover, 
Catalogue of birds of the Americas, 11 (1938) : 468. Sclater, Cat. 
Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 756, listed another museum specimen, 
Reg. no. 1885.2.10.584, collected by Boucard, as the type. 

albicrissalis — Bradypterus alfreda albicrissalis Neumann, 1914 . 35 

Orn. Monats., 22 : 10. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1906.12.23.1008. Mubuku Valley, (5,000', on label). East Ruwen- 
zori Mountains, Africa, 5 April 1907. Collected by G. Legge on the 
Ruwenzori Expedition. 

albidiventris — Cinclodes albidiventris P. L. Sclater, 1860. . 3 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 77. Syntype, Adult (male, vide 
Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 24). Reg. no. 1889.5.20.74. 
Panza, Chimborazo, Ecuador, 1859. Collected by L. Eraser. 
Sclater Collection. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 

albifacies — Poecilodryas albifacies Sharpe, ISS2 . . . .37 
J. Linn. Soc. Lond., 16 : 318, 432. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1882.3.8.76. Choquei District, Astrolabe Mountains, South-east 
New Guinea. Collected by A. Goldie. Purchased of E. Gerrard. 

albifrons — Chlorospingus albifrons Salvin and Godman, 1889 . 51 

Ibis, (6) 1 : 237. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1894.7.1.913. 

Omilteme, 8,000', Sierra Madre del Sur, Guerrero, Mexico, July 

1888. Collected by Mrs H. H. Smith. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

albifrons — Crithagra albifrons Sharpe, 1891 . . . .59 

Ibis, (6) 3 : 118. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1893.12.1.8. 
Kikuyu, Kenya, 5 Aug. 1889. Collected and presented by F. J. 
Jackson. 

albifrons — Machaerirhynchus albifrons G. R. Gray, 1861 . . 38 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 : 429, pi. 43. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1873.5.12.692. Waigiou Island, off North-west New 
Guinea, 1860. Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 
Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 (1879) : 392. 
This is the only specimen from this locality but three other syntypes 
from Mysol, also part of the type locality, are in the Collection. 



albigularis 1 1 

albifrons — Pericrocotus albifrons J er don, IS62 . . . .20 

Ibis, (1) 4:20. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1862.1.17.14. 
Thayetmyo, Upper Burma. Collected and presented by T. C. 
Jerdon. 

The female syntype is also in the collection. 

albifrons — Platystira albifrons Sharpe, \S1 3 . . .38 

Ibis, (3) 3 : 159. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1873.12.10.61. Loge 
River, Angola. Collected by and purchased of J. J. Monteiro. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 (1879) : 147. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

albifrons — Setophaga albifrons P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1871 .54 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1870 (publ. 1871) : 784. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1884.5.15.497. Upper wood — region of Merida, 
Venezuela. Collected by A. Goering. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 (1885) : 423. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

albigularis — Empidonax albigularis V . h. ScXai^x and SaWm, 1859 . 9 
Ibis, (1) 1 : 122. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1888.1.1.1448. 
Duenas, Guatamala, 1 Feb. 1858. Collected by O. Salvin. Salvin- 
Godman Collection. 

albigularis — Heterocneinis albigularis F. h. Sclater, \S58 . . 28 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 67. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1886.9.15.79. Rio Napo, Quixos Province, east Ecuador. Col- 
lected for Verreaux, probably by Cillavicencio. Sclater Collection. 

albigularis — Leptasthenura striata albigularis Morrison, 1938. . 3 

Ibis, (14) 2 : 775. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1939.6.17.1. 
Lircay, 10,660', Huancavelica Dept., central Peru, 29 Nov. 1937. 
Collected by and purchased of A. Morrison. 

albigularis — Nemosia albigularis P. L. Sclater, 1855 . . .51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1855 : 109, pi. 99. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1885.6.12.816. Bogota. Collected by E. Parzudaki. 
Sclater Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sclater, Catalogue of a collection of American 
birds, (1862) : 87. The other syntypes are in the collection. 

albigularis — Philydor albigularis Salvin and Godman, 1884 . 3 

Ibis, (5) 2 :450. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1889.5.14.348. 
6,000', Roraima, British Guiana, 5 Sept. 1883. Collected by 
H. Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

albigularis — Sclerurus albigularis P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1 869. . 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1868 (publ. 1869) : 630. Holotype, Adult. 



12 albigularis 

Reg. no. 1889.5.20.416. Venezuela, 1868 (Cumbre de Valencia, 
vide Hellmayr, Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 4 (1925) : 247). 
Collected by A. Goering. Sclater Collection. 
The authors used Swainson's MS. name. 

albigularis — Synallaxis albigularis P. L. Sdatcr, IS5S ... 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1858 : 63. Sclater, Catalogue of a collection 
of American Birds, 1862 : 151, referred to specimen B.M. Reg. no. 
1889.5.20.135 from Zamora, Ecuador, as the type. This is in fact 
the specimen described by Sclater in Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 
456, and has no type status. 

albigularis — Xenocichla albigularis Sharpe, ISSl . . .21 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 6 : 103, pi. 7. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1876.5.23.649. Fantee, West Africa. Collected by Ussher. 
Sharpe Collection. 

albiloris — Grallaria albiloris Taczanowski, 1 880 .... 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1880 : 201. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.6.20.635. Callacate, 4,800-5,200', northern Peru, 2 May 
1879. Collected by Stolzmann. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as "authentic specimen" by P. L. Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. 
Mus., 15(1890) :321. 

albiloris — Pachyrhamphus albiloris Chubb, 1920 .... 7 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 40 : 73. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.1515. San Estaban, Carabobo, Venezuela (1871, on 
label). Collected by A. Goering. Sclater Collection. 

albiloris — Polioptila albiloris P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1 860 . . 34 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 298. Holotype, Adult, (male, on 
label). Reg. no. 1885.3.2.612. (Chuacus, vide Salvin, Ibis, (1) 2 
(I860) : 397). Vera Paz, Montagua Valley, Guatemala, Feb. 1860. 

albinuchalis — Thamnophilus albinuchalis P. L. Sclater, 1855 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1855 : 18. Syntype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1850.1.31.56. Guayaquil, south-west Ecuador. 
Collected and presented by Capt. H. Kellett and Lt. Wood of H. M.S. 
Herald. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

albirictus — Bhuchanga albirictus Hodgson, 1837 . . . .64 

The Indian Review, 1 (1836, publ. 1837) : 326. ?Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1843.1.13.718. Nepal. Collected and presented by 
B. H. Hodgson. 

Received with his main collection, the specimen has Hodgson's 
drawing number on the label and is therefore likely to have been 
before him when the description was made. 



albiventris 1 3 

albispecularis — Tachyphorus albispecularis Leotaud, 1866 . . 51 

Oiseaux de Vile de la Trinidad : 300. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 

no. 1886.6.12.734. Trinidad. Sclater Collection. 

Labelled "one of the types". See also Sclater, Ibis, (2) 3 (1867) : 

108. 
albitorquata — Amadina fasciata albitorquata Vincent 1933 . . 60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 53 : 148. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1933.3.1.18. Fort Johnston, 1,700', Nyasaland, 1 May 1932. 

Collected and presented by J. Vincent. 

albitorques — Philemon albitorques P. L. Sclater, 1877 . . .48 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., \811 : 553. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1880.11.18.99. Wild Island, Admiralty Islands, South-west 
Pacific. Collected by J. Murray, from the voyage of H.M.S. 
Challenger . 

albitorquis — Spermophila albitorquis Sharpe, 1888 . . .59 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 : 120. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1885.12.14.402. Capulalpam, South Mexico, Oct. 1860. Collected 
by A. Salle. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

The second syntype is also in the collection, but the measurements 
of the selected syntype are more accurate {vide A. R. Phillips, in prep. 
1970). 

albiventer — Tesia albiventer Hodgson, 1837 ..... 32B 
/. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 6 : 102. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1843.1.13.418. Nepal. Collected and presented by 
B. H. Hodgson. 
There are other syntypes in the collection. 

albiventris — Callene albiventris Elsin^ord, \%61 . . . .31 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1867 : 833, pi. 39. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1869.9.15.2. Pulney Hills, 6,000-7,000', south India. 
Collected and presented by the Rev. S. Fairbank. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 (1883) : 16. 
Blanford used Fairbank's MS name. 

albiventris — Camaroptera brevicaudata albiventris Granvik, 1934 . 35 
Revue Zool. Bot. afr., 25 : 101. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1887.11.3.84. Manda Islands, Kenya. Collected and presented 
by F. J. Jackson. 

albiventris — Cyclorhis albiventris P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1873 . 56 
Nomencl. Av. Neotrop. : 156. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1886. 
9.15.344. Bahia, Brazil. Collected by Wucherer. Sclater Collec- 
tion. 

albiventris — Hyloterpe albiventris Ogilvie-Grant, 1894 . . .39 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 3 : 49. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897. 
5. 13. 110. La Trinidad, Benguet District, north-west Luzon, 
Philippines, 5 March 1894. Collected by J. Whitehead. Presented 
by the subscribers to the Whitehead Expedition. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 



14 albiventris 

albiventris — Loxia albiventris Swinhoe, 1870 . .59 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1870 : 437. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1898.11.1.877. Near Pekin, Aug. 1868. Collected by R. 
Swinhoe. Seebohm Collection. 

There are two other syntypes in the collection (see also appendix, 
Corrections and Additions, vol. 2.) 

albiventris — Alimocichla ardesiaca albiventris P. L. Sclater, 1889 . 31 
Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1889 : 326. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.6.10.4. Batalie, Dominica, West Indies, 8 March 1889. 
Collected by G. A. Ramage and presented by the West Indies Com- 
mittee of the Royal Society. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

albiventris — Monarcha albiventris Gould, 1866 . . . .38 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1866 : 217. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1881.5.1.1311. Cape York, Australia. Collected by J. Jardine for 
C. Coxen. Gould Collection. 

albiventris — Mo/'«/j' o/^/ven/m Godwin- Austen, 1876 . . 32B 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 45, pt. 2 : 199. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1895.7.14.1949. Sengmai, Manipur Valley, North-east Frontier, 
India. Collected by W. Robert. Godwin-Austen Collection. 

albiventris — Pariis albiventris Shelley, 1881 . . . .42 

Ibis, (4) 5 : 116. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1895.5.1.1408. 

Ugogo, East Africa. Collected by Sir J. Kirk. Shelley Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

albiventris — Rhamphocaenus albiventris P. L. Sclater, 1883 . . 34 

Ibis, (5) 1 : 95. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1889.9.20.388. Suri- 
nam, Guiana. Collected by C. Bartlett. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as one of the types by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
15(1890) :261. 

albocinctus — Acridotheres albocinctus Godwin-Austen and Walden, 

1875 62 

Ibis, (3) 5:251. Holotype, Aduh. Reg. no. 1895.7.14.2916. 
(Sengmai, on label), Manipur Valley, Eastern India. Collected by 
H. H. Godwin-Austen. Godwin-Austen Collection. 

albocinctus — Tardus albocinctus KoyXc, \Z2)9 . . . .31 

Illustrations of Botany and natural History of the Himalayan Moun- 
tains: pi. 8. Holotype, Adult male (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 
1880.1.1.1988. (Bengal on label). Collected by J. F. Royle and 
presented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 

albocinereus — Syristes albocinereus P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1880 . 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1880: pi. 156. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.765. Bogota, Colombia. Collected for Verreaux. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 183. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 



albogularis 1 5 

albocoronata — Serpophaga albocoronata Gould, 1839 ... 9 
Zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, 3, Birds : 49. Syntype, 
Adult. Reg. no. 1837.2.21.344. Maldonado. Collected by Capt. 
Fitzroy, R.N., of H.M.S. Beagle. Presented by Sir W. Burnett and 
Capt. Fitzroy. 

Listed as the type by Hellmayr, Catalogue of birds of the Americas, 
5 (1927) : 382. 

albofasciatus — Dryoscopus albofasciatus Sharpe, 1891 . . .23 
Ibis, (6) 3 : 598. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1893.12.1.16. 
Mount Elgon, 6,000', East Africa, 12 Feb. 1890. Collected and 
presented by F. J. Jackson. 

albofrontata — Gerygone 1 albofrontata i . E. Gray, 1844 . . 36 

The Zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Erebus and Terror, 1, Birds 
(1844) : 5, pi. 4. Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 
1842.9.29.25. "Brought from New Zealand" (Chatham Island, 
in British Museum Register). Collected by Dieffenbach. Presented 
by the New Zealand Company. 

albofrontata — Hetaerornis albofrontata Layard, IS54 . .62 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (2) 13 : 217. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1853.5.3.34. Ceylon. Collected by Thwaites. Purchased 
of Cumming. 

This specimen was in the collection but omitted from Sharpe, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 56. 

albogrisea — Serphophaga albogrisea P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1880 . 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1880 : 156. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.1.473. Sarayacu, Ecuador. Collected by C. Buckley. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 

albogriseus — Pachyrhamphus albogriseus P. L. Sclater, 1857 . . 7 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1857 : 78. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.1511. Bogota, Colombia. (Collected by E. Parzudaki, 
on label). Sclater Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

albogularis — Abrornis albogularis Moore, 1854 . . . .35 
in Horsfield and Moore, Catalogue of birds in the Museum of the 
Honourable East India Company, 1 : 340. Syntype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.3059. Nepal. Collected by B. H. 
Hodgson. Presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

albogularis — Crithagra albogularis Smith, \S33 . .59 

South African Quarterly Journal, 2 : 48. Holotype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1838.6.9.76. South Africa. Collected by A. 
Smith. Purchased of the South Africa Society. 



1 6 albogularis 

albogularis — Platyrhynchus albogularis V. L. Sclater, 1^60 . . 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 68. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.13.223. Pallatanga, Ecuador (Oct. 1858, on label). 
Collected by L. Eraser. Sclater Collection. 

albogularis — Prinia albogularis Waldsn, \S70 . .35 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 5 : 219. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.4.20.467. Coorg, South India. Collected by Lord Walden. 
Tweeddale Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

albogularis — Suya albogularis Hume, 1 873 . .35 

Strav Feathers, 1 : 459. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1886.10.1.1215. East coast of Achean, Sumatra, (5 Eeb. 1873, on 
label). Collected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 

alboides — Motacilla alboides Hodgson, 1 836 .19 

Asiat. Res., 19 : 191. Syntype, Adult male (in winter plumage with 
white throat, vide Kinnear, MS note). Reg. no. 1843.1.13.463. 
Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson. 

alboniger — Saxicola alboniger WumQ, \%12> . . .31 

Stray Feathers, 1 : 2. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886.7.8. 
4212. Nurree Nai, hills west of Sehwan, Sindh, 27 Jan. 1872. 
Hume Collection. 

Listed as type by Hume, lac. cit. : 185. There are several other 
syntypes in the collection. 

albonotatus — Trochocercus albonotatus 'S)\\dir'()Q, \%9\ . .38 

Ibis, (6) 3 : 121. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1893.12.1.33. 
Mount Elgon, East Africa. Collected and presented by F. J. 
Jackson. 

alboolivacea — Cyornis alboolivacea Hume, 1 877 .38 

Stray Feathers, 5 : 488. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1 886.4. 1 .3995. 
Malacca, (July 1877, on label). Collected by W. Davison. Hume 
Collection. 

alboplagatus — Dryoscopus alboplagatus Jackson, 1906 . .23 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 16 : 90. Holotype, Adult (female on label). 
Reg. no. 1906.6.3.2. Doingo Narok, Kenya, 26 March 1906. 
Collected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

albosuperciliaris — Garrulax albosuperciliaris Godwin- Austen, 1874 . 32B 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1874 : 45. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1895.7.14.2257. Munipur Valley, near Kaibi, north-east Bengal. 
Collected by H. H. Godwin-Austen. Godwin-Austen Collection. 

albosuperciliaris — Suya albosuperciliaris Hume, 1871 .35 

in Handerson and Hume, Ibis, (3) 1 : 409. Holotype, Adult 
(female, on label). Reg. no. 1873.6.30.12. Koshtak, plains of 
Yarkand, 10 Sept. 1870. Collected by G. Henderson. Purchased 
of Gerrard. 



alfredi 17 

aldabranus — Nesillas aldabraims Benson and Penny, 1968 . . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 88 : 102. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1968.43.1. i mile from western extremity of Middle Island (Johnny 
Channel or Gionnet), Aldabra Atoll, Indian Ocean, 11 Dec. 1967. 
Collected by M. J. Penny. From the Royal Society Aldabra 
Expedition. 

alexanderi — Eremomela flaviventris alexanderi W. L. Sclater and 

Mackworth-Praed, 1918 35 

Ibis, (10) 6 : 673. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1916.9.20.985. 
Bara, Kordofan, Sudan, 27 April 1904. Collected and presented 
by A. L. Butler. 

alexanderi — Nigrita alexanderi Ogilvit-Gvani, \9Q)1 . . .60 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 21 : 16. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1904.6.22.325. Fernando Po. (Banterbari, Bubu Town, on label), 
6 Feb. 1904. Collected by E. Seimund. Presented by Mrs P. Sladen, 
the Duke of Bedford, and the Hon. W. Rothschild. 

The author labelled this specimen as the type but there are several 
other syntypes in the collection. 

alexanderi— P/ocew5 (Othyphantes) baglafecht alexanderi Sclater, 1 925 61 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 46 : 15. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.3682. Gudima, Iri River, north-east Belgian Congo, 
5 Sept. 1906. Collected and presented by Boyd Alexander. 

alexanderi — Poliolais alexanderi Bannerman, 1915 . . .35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 35 : 53. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.4196. Cameroon Mountains, West Africa, 6 May 
1909. Collected by W. Boyd Alexander. Boyd Alexander bequest. 

ale\andr'i—AlethealexandriSharpe,\90l 31 

Bull. Br. Orn. C/., 12 : 4. Holotype, Adult (male on label). Reg. 
no. 1901.10.29.27. Efulen, Cameroons, 6 June 1901. Collected 
by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

alexandri — Lobornis alexandri Sharpe, 1 874 . . . .60 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 14 : 64. Holotype, (immature, vide 
Sclater, Svstema avium Aethiopicarum, (1930) : 773). Reg. no 
1874.5.18.3. Old Calabar, Nigeria. Collected by A. Goldie. 
Presented by Dr. A. Smith. 

alfredi— 5/e^aa//reJ/ Shelley, 1903 21 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 13 : 61. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1903.4. 
20.8. Mwenembe, 7,500', northern Nyasaland, Sept. 1902. Col- 
lected by McClounie and presented by A. Sharpe. 
There are four other syntypes in the collection. 

alfredi — Cyanomitra olivacea alfredi W'mcent, 1934 . .46 

Ibis, (13) 4:90. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1933.3.1.26. 
Namuli Mountains, 4,600', Quelimane Province, Portuguese East 
Africa, 25 July 1932. Collected and presented by J. Vincent. 



1 8 algeriensis 

algeriensis — Ammomanes algeriensis Sharpe, 1890 . . .17 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 : 645. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1889.9.13.186. Algerian Sahara, 1867. Collected by Loche. 
Shelley Collection; obtained by Shelley from Schneider of Basel. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

aliena — Rlwdopechvs alienaWhitaker, \897. .59 

Bull. Brit. Orn'. CI, 7 : 18. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1939.12.14.8. Glaui, Morocco, 28 May 1897. Collected and pre- 
sented by J. I. S. Whitaker. 

aliena — Sitagra aliena Sharpe, 1902 .61 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 13 : 21. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1902. 
12.8.6. Ruwenzori, Uganda, 13 Feb. 1902. Collected and pre- 
sented by F. J. Jackson. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

alinae — Cyanomitra alinae Jackson, 1904 . . .46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 14 : 94. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1904.6.28.1. Ruwenzori, Central Africa, 12 Feb. 1902. Collected 
and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

alleni — Coereba chloropyga alleni P. R. Lowe, 1912 . . .54 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 29 : 86. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1905.1.30.100. Chapade, Matto Grosso, Brazil. 22 April 1885. 
Collected by H. H. Smith. Sclater Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

almorae — Sitta castaneoventris almoare Kinnear and Whistler, 1930 43 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 51 : 27. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1886.11.1.1917. Valley of Ramganga, between Almorah and 
Pethora, Himalayas, 29 Oct. 1866. Hume Collection. 

alopex — Mirafra alopex Sharpe, 1 890. . . .17 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 : 596. 617. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.9.13.169. Somaliland (restricted to the Haud, east Abyssinia, 
approx. 45° E., 8° N., by C. H. B. Grant and Mackworth-Praed, 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 75 (1955) : 5, and see Shelley, Ibis, (5) 3 (1885) : 
389). Collected by E. Lort Philhps. Shelley Collection. 

alpina — Cryptolopha alpina OgUvie-Grant, 1906 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 16 : 117. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.12.23.1575. Mukubu Valley, 10,000', East Ruwenzori, (27 
Jan. 1906, on label). Collected by D. Carruthers. Presented by 
the subscribers to the Ruwenzori Expedition. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

alpina — Taenioptera alpina Sardine, IS49 ..... 9 

Contributions to Ornithology : 47, pi. 21. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 

no. 1886.6.24.420. "Highest ridges of the Andes", near Quito, 

Ecuador, 1849. Collected by W. Jameson. Jardine Collection. 

The second syntype is also in the collection. 



alticola 1 9 

alpinus — Coccothraustes alpinus Sharpe, 1888 . . . .59 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 : 38. Sharpe referred to a specimen by this 
name which had been inscribed on the label by M. Parzudaki of 
whom it was purchased. It is obvious that Sharpe was relegating 
it to synonymy but in doing so he quoted the name and description 
and listed it as "s.n.". The specimen reg. no. 1852.5.27.5. cannot 
now be traced. 

altera — Alaemon hamertoni altera Witherhy, 1905 . .17 

Ibis, (8) 5 : 513. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1908.5.28.107. 
El Afweena, WasangH Country, Somaliland, 16 Mar. 1904. Col- 
lected by and purchased of A. E. Hamerton. 

altera — Pyrrhula altera Rippon, \906 . . . . . .59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 19 : 19. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.12.17.616. West Yunnan, (Hwaichiao Valley, 6,700', Shayang- 
Chutung Road, 31 Jan. 1906, on label). Collected by G. Rippon 
and presented as the type. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 

alteruin — Edoliosoma alterum R. G. W. Ramsay, ISSl . . .20 
Ibis, (4) 5 : 34. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1887.12.30.130. 
Cebu, Philippines, April 1877. Collected by A. H. Everett. 
Tweeddale Collection. 

There are four other syntypes in the collection. 

alterum — Trichastoma abbotti alterum Sims, 1957 . . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 77 : 154. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1927.6.5.1081. Thau-Luu, central Annam, 7 Feb. 1927. Collected 
by J. Delacour and W. P. Lowe on the Third Franco-British Ex- 
pedition to Indochina. 

althaea— Sylvia althaea Hume, IS78 35 

Stray Feathers, 1 : 60. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886.7.8. 
156. Jhansie, Kashmir, (29 Sept. 1868, on label). Hume Col- 
lection. 

This specimen was labelled as the type. There are four other 
syntypes in the collection. 

alticola — Car/joraj' o///co/a Salvin and Godman, 1879 . .31 

Biologia Centrali- Americana {Aves), 1 : 3. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1885.3.2.13. Calderas, 7,300', Volcan de Fuego, Guate- 
mala, Oct. 1873. Collected by O. Salvin. Salvin-Godman Col- 
lection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

alticola — Chamaeospiza alticola Salvin and Godman, 1889 49 

Ibis, (6) 1 :381. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1899.2.1.2872. 
Sierra Nevada de Colima, 10,000', western Mexico, 4 May. Col- 
lected by W. Lloyd and W. B. Richardson. Salvin-Godman 
Collection. 



20 alticola 

Listed as the type by Hellmayr and Conover, Catalogue of birds of 
the Americas, 11 (1938) : 453. There are several other syntypes in 
the collection. 

alticola— 05//co/aa///co/a Shelley, 1899 35 

Bull Brit. Orn. CI., 8 : 35. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1899.3.1.115. Nyasaland, (=Fife, Tanganyika Territory, about 
9°25' S., 32°40' E., between July and Sept. 1898, vide Shelley, Ibis, 
(7) 5 (1899) : 364-373; =Northern Rhodesia, vide Grant and 
Mackworth-Praed, Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 61 (1941) : 63). Collected 
for and presented by W. H. Manning. 

alticola — Cistothorus alticola Salvin and Godman, 1883 . 28 

Ibis, (5) 1 :204. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1885.3.6.481. 
Roraima, British Guiana, 30 Dec. 1881. Collected by H. Whitely. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are five other syntypes in the collection. 

alticola — Junco alticola Salvin, 1863 . . . . .49 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863:819. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.12.14.984. Pine forests of Vulcan de Fuego, 8,000', Guate- 
mala, Nov. 1861. Collected by O. Salvin. Salvin-Godman Collec- 
tion. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

alticola — Poospiza alticola Salvin, 1895 . . .49 

Novit. Zool, 2 : 7. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1896.10.6.325. 
Huamachuco, 10,400', northern Peru, Feb. 1894. Collected by 
O. T. Baron. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

altirostre — Chrysomma altirostre Jevdon, 1862 . . . . 32B 

Ibis, {\) A -.22. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1862.1.17.18. Islands 
of Burrampootra River, Thayetmyo, Upper Burma. Collected and 
presented by T. C. Jerdon. 

altirostris — Cyclorhis altirostris SaWm, \%%Q . . . .56 

Ibis, (4) 4:352. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1885.11.20.34. 

Salta, Argentina, 9 June 1878. Collected by H. Durnford and 
purchased of Mrs Durnford. 

amabilis — Cotinga amabilis Gould, IS57 ..... 7 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1857 : 64, pi. 123. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1881.5.1.1886. Guatemala. Collected by G. U. Skinner. 
Gould Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

amabiUs — Malurus amabilis Gould, 1850 . .36 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1850 : 277. This was described from a 
specimen in the museum of the Zoological Society of London, from 
Cape York from Capt. Owen Stanley. The specimen appears to no 
longer exist. Mathews, Austral Avian Record, 1 (1913) : 166. states 



amzonicus 2 1 

that the type is in the British Museum, but the Gould specimens 
from Cape York in the collection are of a later date. 

amadoni — Hirundo aethiopica amadoni White, 1956 . .18 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 76 : 160. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1923.8.7.4014. Geloher, 3,000', Somaliland, 17 March 1919. 
Collected by Sir G. Archer and presented by Col. Stephenson 
Clarke. 

amadonis — Coracina caledonica amadonis Cain and Galbraith, 1955 20 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 75 : 90. Holotype, Adult female. Reg, no. 
1959.21.434. Turipava, above 3,500', Guadacanal, Solomon 
Islands, 16 Aug. 1953. Collected by a native for the Oxford Univer- 
sity (Department of Zoology) Expedition to the Solomon Islands. 

amani — Dioptrornis fischeri amani W. L. Sclater, 1931 . . .37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 51 : 112. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1931.5.7.5. Near Amani, 1,300', Tanganyika, 28 Jan. 1931. 
Collected and presented by R. E. Moreau. 

amani — Oriolus chlorocephalus amani Benson, 1946 . . .63 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 67 : 26. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1931.12.19.242. Amani, Usambara Mountains, 1,600', Tanganyika, 
21 March 1931. Collected by R. Moreau. Presented by the Salvin- 
Godman Fund. 

amani — Phyllastrephus orostruthus amani W. L. Sclater and Moreau, 

1935 21 

Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 56 : 16. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1935.10.11.4. Amani Forest, 3,000', Tanganyika, 2 Aug. 1935. 
Collected by and purchased of R. E. Moreau. 

amauropteryx — Hypochaera amauropteryx Sharpe, 1890 . . 61 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 : 309. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1875.10.7.32. Rustenberg, East Transvaal, Jan. 1875. Collected 
by and purchased of F. A. Barratt. 

The specimen is labelled by the author as the described specimen 
and type, but there are five other syntypes in the collection. 

amazonica — Spermophila amazonica Sharpe, 1888 . .59 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 : 132, 133. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.2.10.159. Amazon River, north side. Collected by A. R. 
Wallace. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as the type by Hellmayr, Catalogue of birds of the Americas, 
1 1 (1938) : 212. The three described female syntypes are also in the 
collection. 

amzonicus — Thamnophilusamazomcus^.L.^c\aier,\%5'i . . 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1858 : 214, pi. 139. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1889.9.20.89. Rio Javarri, Upper Amazon (vide Hellmayr. 
Catalogue of birds of the Americas, 3 (1924) : 98). Collected by 
H. W. Bates. Sclater Collection. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 



22 amazonicus 

amazonicus — Thryothorus amazonicus Sharpe, ISSl . .28 

Cat. Bds Brit. Mus., 6 : 235, pi. 15. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1869.4.10.2. Sarayacu, Ucayali River, east Peru. Collected 
by and purchased of E. Bartlett. 

amazonum — Heteropehna amazonum P. L. Sclater, 1 860 . . 8 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 466. Holotype, Adult (female, on 
label). Reg. no. 1888.1.13.1370. Chamicuros (Huallago or Uce- 
yale River, on label), Peru. Collected by Hauxwell. Sclater Col- 
lection; purchased by him from J. Gould. 

amazonum — Thlypopsis amazonum V.h. ^cXaitr, \%%6 . .51 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 1 : 229. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1884.6.12.825. Lower Ucayali, Upper Amazonia (30 May 1865, 
on label). Collected by E. Bartlett. Sclater Collection. 

ambigua — Cisticola ambigua Sharpe, 1900 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 11 : 28. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1900.6.22.6. Mau Highlands, Kenya, (Ravine, 29 March 1897, 
on label). Collected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

ambiguus — Propasser ambiguus Hume, IS74 . . . .59 

Stray Feathers, 2 : 326. No Hume specimens in the collection 
were taken before the date of the description and the pair listed as 
types by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 429, and which 
cannot now be traced, are not regarded as valid. 

amboinensis — Calornis amboinensis G. R. Gray, 1858 . .62 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 182. Holotype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1842.1.19.49. Amboyna. Possibly collected 
by S. Muller (vide Sharpe, in Hist. Coll. Brit. Mus., 2 (1906) : 411). 
Purchased of J. Leadbeater from the Leiden Museum. 

amboinensis — Dicrurus amboinensis G. R. Gray, \S60 . . .64 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 354. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1873.5.12.1969. Amboyna, Moluccas, 1857. Collected 
by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

amboynensis — Leucocirca leucophys amboynensis Mathews, 1928 . 37A 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 48 : 92. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1913.6.10.118. Pokka, Amboyna, Moluccas, 12 April 1911. 
Collected by C. B. Kloss. Presented by the subscribers to the 
British Ornithologists' Union Expedition to Dutch New Guinea. 

ambrynensis — Petroeca ambrynensis Sharpe, 1900 . . .37 

Ibis, (7) 6:341. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1900.1.10.13. 
Dip Point, Ambryn Island, New Hebrides, 15 Aug. 1899. Col- 
lected and presented by A. M. Farquhar, from the voyage of 
H.M.S. Walleroo. 

The immature syntype is also in the collection. 

amicorum — Turdus torquatus amicorum, see appendix. Corrections and 
Additions, vol. 2 . . . . . . . . .31 



anabatinus 23 

ammodendri — Passer ammodendn Gould, IS72 . . . .61 
The Birds of Asia, 5 : pi. 15. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1881.5.1.2043. Turkestan, (Djulek on the Syr-Darya, vide Hartert, 
Vogel palaearctische Fauna, (1909) : 158), 27 Nov. 1866. Collected 
by N. A. Severtzoff. Gould Collection. 

Gould used nomen nudum of Dode, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1871 : 
481, {see also Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1887) : 337, footnote). 

amoenus — Turdus amoenus }:iors,fvQ\d, \%2\ . . . . .31 
Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 147. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1880.1.1.3001. Java, between 1811 and 1816. Presented by the 
Honourable East India Company Museum. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

ampelina — Yuhina ampelina Rippon, 1900 ..... 32B 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 11 : 12. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1900.12. 
20.288. Warar Bum, 6,000', 30 miles east of Bhamo, Shan States. 
Collected and presented by G. Rippon. 

ampotekae — Zosterops maderaspetana ampotekae Salomonsen, 1934 47 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1934 : 222. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1931.8.18.3413. Ampoteka, South-west Madagascar, 
15 March 1930. Collected by J. Delacour or his party. From 
the French-Anglo-American Expedition. 

amurensis — Motacilla amurensis Seebohm, 181S . . .19 

Ibis, (4) 2 : 345, pi. 9. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1898.10. 
20.415. Gulf of Abrek, Sea of Japan, 14 April 1876. Seebohm 
Collection; purchased by Seebohm of W. Schluter. 

amurensis— ^/Y/a amurensis Swinhoe, 1871 . . . .43 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1871 : 350. Holotype, Adult (female, on 
label. Reg. no. 1898.9.20.870. Amur-land (2 August 1855, on 
label). Collected by Dr. Schrenk. Seebohm Bequest. 

amyae — Acrocephalus stentoreus amyae E. C. S. Baker, 1905. . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 43 : 17. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1922.8.9.1. Hessamara, North Lakhimpur, Eastern Assam, 12 
April 1905. Collected and presented by H. Stevens. 

amyae — Turdinulus epilepidotus amyae Kinnear, 1925 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 45 : 73. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1924.12.21.185. Bao Ha, Tonkin, 5 Jan. 1924. Collected by 
H. Stevens and presented by the Percy Sladen Trust and Godman 
Exploration Fund. 

anabatinus — Thamnistes anabatinus P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1860 . 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860:299. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.9.20.176. Choctum, Vera Paz. Collected by O. Salvin. 
Sclater Collection. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 



24 anak 

anak — Cyornis anak Robinson and Kloss, 1922 . . . .37 
/. Fed. Malay Sts. Mus., 10 : 261. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1936.4.12.2122. Krongmun, 2,000', Trang, Siam Peninsula, 
16 Feb. 1910. Collected by H. C. Robinson and C. B. Kloss. 
Presented by the Raffles Museum, Singapore. 

analis — Turdiis analis Horsfidd, \S2l . . .21 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 147. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1860.4.16.226. Java. Presented by the Honourable East India 
Company Museum. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

analoga — Zosterops maderaspatana analoga Salomonsen, 1934 47 

Novit. Zool, 39 : 208. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1931.8. 
18.3409. Manjakatompo, Ankarata Mountains, Madagascar, 3 
May 1929. Collected by J. Delacour or party. French-Anglo- 
American Expedition. 

anatoliae — Garrulus atricapillus anatoliae Seebohm, ISS3 . . 71 
Ibis, (5) 1 :7. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1897.6.1.328. 
Gosna, Taurus, on label), Asia Minor, (two labels, dated 14 Dec. 
1875 and 12 Dec. 1874 respectively). Collected by C. G. Danford. 
Seebohm Bequest. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

andamanensis — Eulabes andamanensis Beavan, 1 867 . .62 

Ibis, (2) 3 :331. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1888.9.20.307. 
Andaman Islands, June 1865. Collected by R. C. Beavan. Tweed- 
dale Collection. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 108. 
Beavan used a Tytler MS name. 

andamanensis — Geocichla andamanensis Walden, 1874 . .31 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 14 : 156. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 

no. 1888.2.20.449. South Andaman Islands, 25 April 1873. 

Collected by R. G. Wardlaw-Ramsay. Tweeddale Collection. 

There is also a female syntype in the collection. 

andamanensis — Graucalus javensis andamanensis Whistler, 1940 . 20 
Ibis, (H) 4 : 131. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1887.12.30.106. 
South Andaman Islands, 3 Jan. 1873. Collected by W. R. Wardlaw- 
Ramsay. Tweeddale Collection. 

andamanica — Arachnechthra andamanica Hume, 1873 . . .46 

Stray Feathers, 1 : 404. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886.12.1. 
1898. Aberdeen, Andaman Islands, (26 Dec. 1872, on label). 
Collected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 
There are a number of syntypes in the collection. 

andapae — Oxylabes zosterops andapae SaXoraonstn, \93A. . . 21 
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (10) 14 : 69. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1931.8.18.2043. One day west of Andapa, north-east Madagas- 



anderssoni 25 

car, 22 Aug. 1930. Collected by A. L. Rand and Du Mont on the 
Archbold-Vernay Expedition to Madagascar. 

andaryae — Chlorophoneus amiaryae Jackson, 1919 . .23 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 39 : 94. Holotype, Adult male. Reg, no. 
1919.7.5.1. Kisubi, 4,000', Entebbe, Uganda, 8 Oct. 1916. Col- 
lected by Andarya for Sir F. J. Jackson and presented by the latter. 

anderseni — Cinnyris regius anderseni Williams, 1950 .46 

Ibis, 92 : 644. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1950.65.2. 
Mahari Mountains, eastern shore of Lake Tanganyika, 16 Oct. 
1949. Collected for T. Andersen. Presented by the Coryndon 
Museum, Nairobi. 

andersoni — Aethopyga andersoni Oates, IS90 . . . .46 

Fauna of British India, Birds, 1 : 349. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1876.4.7.38. Sawaddy, East of Bhamo, Yunnan, Burma, 
28 Jan. 1875. Collected by J. Anderson. Purchased from the 
Yunnan Expedition. 
The two other syntypes are also in the collection. 

andersoni — Ixus andersoni ^^\vl\\oq,\%1Q . .21 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 5 : 175. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1898.10.2.123. Ichang, 1,000 miles up the Yangtse, (Kweichoo on 
label), 18 April 1869. Collected by R. Swinhoe. Seebohm Col- 
lection. 
There are two female syntypes in the collection. 

anderssoni — Campephaga anderssoni Sharpe, 1870 . . .20 

Proc. zool. Soc. LomL, 1870 : 70, pi. 4. Holotype, (Adult female, 
\ide Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 (1879) : 30). Reg. no. 1875. 
4.9.318. Ovaquenyama, Damaraland, South-West Africa, 25 June 
1867. Collected by C. J. Andersson. Sharpe Collection. 

anderssoni — Co//7e o/jf/er^joM/ Sharpe and Wyatt, 1887 . . . 18 

A Monograph of the Hirundinidae, 1 : 119. Holotype, Adult (fe- 
male on label). Reg. no. 1874.5.1.277. Damaraland (in text: 
Daviep, 27 Oct. 1860, on label). Collected by C. J. Andersson 
and purchased of R. B. Sharpe. 

anderssoni — Saxicola anderssoni Sharpe, 1877 . . . .31 

in Layard, Birds of South Africa : 249. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1876.5.23.426. "The Reeds", Swakop River, Damaraland, 
8 Dec. 1860. Collected by C. J. Andersson. Sharpe Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

anderssoni — Zosterops ander.ssoni Shdlcy, \S92 . . . .47 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 1 : 5. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1876.5.23.167. Elephant Vley, Damaraland, (14 Nov. 1859, on 
label). Collected by C. J. Andersson. Sharpe Collection. 

The author refers to two specimens (vide Shelley, Birds of Africa, 
2 (1900) : 177) and both will be syntypes. 



26 andicola 

andicola — Agriornis andicola P. L. Sclater, 1860 .... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1860 : 78. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.13. Panza, 14,000', Chimborazo, Ecuador, Jan. 1859. 
Collected by L. Fraser. Sclater Collection. 

Renamed A. pollens P. L. Sclater, 1869 on the grounds of its 
preoccupation by A. andecola d'Orbigny, (1839). 

andicola — Leptastlienura andicola F. L. Sclater, IS69 ... 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1869 : 636, pi. 49. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1889.5.20.100. Panza, south slope of Chimborazo, 
Ecuador, Jan. 1859. Collected by L. Fraser. Sclater Collection. 
Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 36. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

andreni — Hirimdo andrewi }. G.^WWam'i, \966 . .18 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 86 : 40. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1965.39.3. Lake Naivasha, 6,000', Rift Valley, Kenya, 4 April 
1965. Collected by A. E. Williams and presented by J. G. WilHams 
of the Coryndon Museum, Nairobi. 

anglica — Loxia ciirvirostra anglica Hartert, 1904 . .59 

Vogel der Palaarktischen Fauna, 1 : 119. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1936.10.15.13. Tring, Herts, England, 7 Dec. 1897. 
Presented by the American Museum of Natural History, New 
York; from the Rothschild Collection. 

anglorum — Regulus reguhis anglorum Hartert, 1905 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 16 : 11. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1936.10.15.15. Tring, Hertfordshire, England, 31 Oct. 1900. 
Collected by E. Hartert. Presented by the American Museum of 
Natural History, New York; from the Rothschild Collection. 

angolensis — Cercomela familiaris angolensis Lyncs, 1926 . . 31 

Ibis, (12) 2 : 393. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1906.12.4.119. 
Huxe, Benguella, Angola, 10 Oct. 1905. Collected by and pur- 
chased of Dr. W. J. Ansorge. 

angolensis — Dryoscopus angolensis Hartlaub, 1860 . . .23 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 111. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1873.12.10.10. Bembe, Loanda Province, Angola. 5 May 1858. 
Collected by and purchased of J. J. Monteiro. 

angolensis — Eremomela scotops angolensis Bannerman, 1937 . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 57 : 111. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1910.5.6.848. Lalange, North Angola, 12 Feb. 1909. Collected 
by and purchased of W. J. Ansorge. 

angolensis — Euprinodes rufigularis angolensis Bannerman, 1922 . 35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 43 : 30. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1910.5.6.918. Ndala Tando, Northern Angola, 29 Oct. 1908. 
Collected and purchased of W. J. Ansorge. 



annae 27 

angolensis — Macrospherus flavicans angolensis Bannerman, 1920 . 35 
Bull. Brit. Om. CI., 41 : 6. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1910.5.6.670. N'Dala Tando, northern Nigeria, 26 Oct. 1909. 
Collected by W. J. Ansorge. Ansorge Collection. 

angolensis — Nigrita canicapilla angolensis Bannerman, 1921 . . 60 

Bull. Brit. Om. CI., 41 : 126. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1910.5.6.1432. Ndala Tando, northern Angola, 14 Sept. 1908. 
Collected by and purchased of W. J. Ansorge. 

anguitimens — Eurocephalus anguitimens Smith, IS36 . . .23 
Report of the Expedition for exploring Central Africa; Appendix : 52. 
Syntype, Adult (female). Reg. no. Old Vellum Cat. 17.571o and 
1838.6.9.37 (registered twice). Between Latakoo and the Tropic. 
Collected by A. Smith and purchased of the South African Museum. 
A second syntype in the collection was listed as type by Sharpe, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 3 (1877) : 280, but the selected specimen agrees 
better with the original description. 

angustifrons — Graucalus angustifrons Sharpe, IS73 . . .20 

J. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 81, 499. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1876.6.16.12. Port Moresby, south-east New Guinea, 1875. 
Collected by and purchased of J. S. MacFarlane of the McCleay 
Expedition. 

ankafanae — Oxylabes zoster ops ankafanae Salomonsen, 1934 . 21 

Ann. Mag. not. Hist., (10) 14 : 70. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1882.2.27.59. Fianarantsoa, Ankafana Forest, south-east 
Madagascar, Feb. 1881. Collected by and purchased of the Rev. 
W. D. Cowan. 

ankaratrae — Saxicola torquata ankaratrae Salomonsen, 1934 . 31 

Novit. Zool, 39:210. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1931. 
8.18.2556. Manjakatompo, Ankaratra Mountains, central Madas- 
car, 14 May 1929. Collected by J. Delacour on the Archbold- 
Vernay Expedition. 

ankole — Cisticola brachyptera ankole Lynes, 1930 . . .35 

Ibis, (12) 6, supplement: 489. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1928.10.25.10. Ankole District, Uganda, 17 Feb. 1917. Collected 
by Sir F. Jackson. Presented by Admiral H. Lynes. 

annabellae — M yzomela annabellaeV. 'L. ScXaiQv, \%%3> . .48 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1883 : 56. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1883.5.30.70. Loetoe, Timor Laut, Tenimber Islands, 22 Sept. 
1882. Collected by H. O. Forbes. Presented by the Timor Laut 
Committee of the British Association. 

annae — Cisticola cisticola annae K. Mtxntrizhdigtn, \911 . 35 

Ibis, (11)4:12. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1903.8.2.99. Kuklia 
Marsh, Famagusta, Cyprus, 27 Oct. 1901. Collected and presented 
by Miss D. Bates. 

annamarulae — Melaenornis annamarulae. See appendix, corrections 
and additions, vol. 2 . . . . . . .37 



28 annamensis 

annamensis — Aegithaliscus annamensis Robinson and Kloss, 1919 . 40 
Ibis, (11) 1 : 606. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919.12.20.425. 
Langbian Peaks, 6,500', southern Annam, 17 April 1918. Collected 
by C. B. Kloss, and presented by H. C. Robinson and C. B. Kloss. 
This is the authors' selected male, their selected female syntype 
is also in the collection. 

annamensis — Aethopyga gouldiae annamensis Robinson and Kloss, 

1919 46 

Ibis, (11) 1 :621, pi. 18. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919. 
12.20.508. Langbian Peaks, 6,500', South Annam, 19 April 1918. 
Collected and presented by C. B. Kloss. 
The described female syntype is also in the collection. 

annamensis — Alcippe nepalensis annamensis Robinson and Kloss, 
1919 32B 

Ibis, (11)1 : 582. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1919.12.20.296. 

Dalat, 5,000', south Annam, 5 April 1918. Collected and presented 

by C. B. Kloss. 
This is the authors' selected male. Their selected female syntype 

is also in the collection. 

annamensis — Corythocichla annamensis Delacour and Jabouille, 1928 32B 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 48 : 131. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1928.6.26.7. Phuqui, 150 metres, north Annam, 23 Feb. 1928. 
Collected by J. Delacour and P. Jabouille on the Fourth Franco- 
British Expedition to Indochina. 

annamensis — Cryptolopha castaneiceps annamensis Robinson and 
Kloss 1919 35 

Ibis, (11) 1 : 447. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919.12.20.181. 

Langbian Peaks, 5,500-5,600', South Annam, 27 April 1818. 

Collected and presented by C. B. Kloss. 
This is the described male. The described female syntype is 

also in the collection. 

annamensis — Dendrobiastes hyperythra annamensis Robinson and 
Kloss, 1919 37 

Ibis, (11) 1 : 445. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919.12.20.171. 

Langbian Peaks, 6,000-7,000', South Annam, 20 April 1918. 

Collected and presented by H. C. Robinson and B. B. Kloss. 
This is the described male, the described female syntype is also in 

the collection. 

annamensis — Drymocataphus tickelli annamensis Delacour, 1926 . 32B 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 47 : 17. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1926. 
9.8.19. Col des Nuages, 1,250', Annam, 29 Nov. 1925. Collected 
by J. Delacour on the Second Franco-British Expedition to Indo- 
china. 

The collector's number is 910, not 906 as printed. This is the 
author's selected male. His selected female syntype is also in the 
collection. 



annectans 29 

annamensis — Leptocoma flammaxillaris annamensis Hachisuka, 1926 46 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, Al : 68. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.12.5.69. Nhatrang, Annam, 2 Oct. 1905. Collected by and 
purchased of J. J. Vassal. 

annamensis — Pericrocotus brevirostris annamensis Robinson and 

Kloss, 1923 20 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 43 : 119. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1959.3.1. Dalat, 5,000', Langbian Plateau, south Annam, 8 April 
1918. Collected by C. B. Kloss and presented by the Raffles 
Museum, Singapore. 

annamensis — Pnoepyga pusilla annamensis Robinson and Kloss, 1919 32B 
Ibis, (11) 1 :591. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1919.12.20. 
342. Langbian Peaks, 6,000-7,500', south Annam, 28 April 1918. 
Collected and presented by C. B. Kloss. 

This is the authors' selected female. Their selected male syntype 
is also in the collection. 

annamensis — Poliopsar leucocephalus annamensis Wells, 1919 . . 62 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 39 : 77. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1910.5.8.120. Nhatrang, Annam, Cochin China, Jan. 1908. Col- 
lected and purchased of J. J. Vassall. 

annamensis — Pomatorhinus olivaceus annamensis Robinson and Kloss 

1919 32B 

Ibis, (11) 1 : 577. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919.12.20. 
276. Dran, 3,000', south Annam, 13 May 1918. Collected and 
presented by C. B. Kloss. 

annamensis — Pterythius aeralatus annamensis Robinson and Kloss, 

1919 32B 

Ibis, (11) 1 : 589. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919.12.20.336. 
Langbian Peaks, 6,000-7,000', south Annam, 19 April 1918. Col- 
lected and presented by C. B. Kloss. 

This is the author's selected male. Their selected female is also 
in the collection. 

annamensis — Stactocichla merulina annamensis Robinson and Kloss, 

1919 32B 

Ibis, (11)1 : 577, pi. 13. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919.12. 
20.529. Dran, 3,000', south Annam, 12 May 1918. Collected and 
presented by C. B. Kloss. 

This is the authors' selected male. Their selected female syntype 
is also in the collection. 

annectans — Bhuchanga annectans Hodgson, 1837 . . .64 

The Indian Review, 1 (1836, publ. 1837) : 326. Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1843.1.13.326. Nepal. Collected and presented by 
B. H. Hodgson. 



30 annectens 

Received with his main collection, the specimen has Hodgson's 
drawing number on the label and is therefore likely to have been 
before him when the description was made. 

annectens — Lxiis annectens V\/a\den, \S75 .21 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 15 : 401. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.4.1.627. Rangoon, Burma, 4 July 1873. Collected by 
R. G. Wardlaw Ramsay. Tweeddale Collection. 

annectens — Tephrodornis pelvica annectens Robinson and Kloss, 1918 20 
J.F.M.S. Mus., 8 : 222. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1936. 
4.12.140. Lamra, Trang, Federated Malay States, 12 Jan. 1910. 
Presented by the Raffles Museum, Singapore. 

anomala — Callene anomala ShdXty , \^92> . .31 

Ibis, (6) 5 : 14. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1892.9.10.73. Milanji 
Plateau, 6,000', Nyasaland, 27 Nov. 1891. Collected by A. 
Whyte and presented by H. H. Johnston. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

anonyma — Drymoeca anonymavowM-nW^r, \%55 . .35 

J. Orn., 1855 : 197. New name for D. ruficapilla Fraser, 1843, 
(q.v.), preoccupied by D. ruficapilla Smith, 1842. 

anophrys — Aegithaliscus anophrys Swinhoe, 1868 . . . .40 

Ibis, (2) 4 : 64. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1888.5.30.164. Ting- 
chow Mountains, (120 miles north-east of Amoy, on label), Foh- 
kien. (Aug. 1867, on label). Collected for R. Swinhoe. Tweeddale 
Bequest. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 

anoxantha — Spermophila anoxantha Gosse, 1847 . . . .59 
Birds of Jamaica : 247, pi. 62. Syntype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1847.6.8.20. Mount Edcecumbe, Jamaica. 
Collected by and purchased of P. H. Gosse. 
Two other syntypes, a female and a male, are also in the collection. 

ansorgei — Antlms leucophrys ansorgei White, 1948 . .19 

Ibis, 90:549. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1910.5.6.1250. 
Bissao, Portuguese Guinea, 18 Aug. 1909. Collected by and 
purchased of Dr. W. J. Ansorge. 

ansorgei — Apalis ansorgei Ogilvie-Grant, 1917 . .35 

Ibis, (10) 5 : 77. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1910.4.6.879. 
Ndalla Tando, Northern Angola, 1 5 Sept. 1 908. Collected by W. J. 
Ansorge. Ansorge Collection. 

ansorgei — Dryoscopus bocagei ansorgei W. L. Sclatev, \9ll . . 23 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 29 : 37. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1910.5.6.950. N'Dalla Tando, north Angola, 5 Aug. 1908. Col- 
lected by and purchased of Dr. W. J. Ansorge. 



apicalis 3 1 

ansorgei — Mirafra sabota ansorgei W. L. Sclater, 1926 . . .17 
Bull Br. Orn. CI., Al : 29. Holotype, Adult female (in text; male 
on label). Reg. no. 1905.11.22.173. Catumbella, Benguella, 
Angola, 6 Aug. 1 905. Collected by and purchased of W. J. Ansorge. 

ansorgei — Ortygospiza ansorgei Ogihie-Grant, 1910 . . .60 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 25 : 84. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1910.5.6.1337. Gunnel, Portuguese Guinea, 30 July 1909. Col- 
lected by and purchased of W. J. Ansorge. 
The two other syntypes are also in the collection. 

ansorgei — Prinia ansorgei W. L. Sclater, 1921 . . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 48 : 18. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1906.12.4.149. Huxe, Benguella, Angola, 5 Sept. 1905. Collected 
and purchased by W. L. Ansorge. 

ansorgii — Bradyornis infuscatus ansorgii Ogilvie-Grant, 1913 . 37 

Ibis, (10) 1 : 636. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1906.12.4.9. 
Huxe, Benguella, Angola, (6 Sept. 1905, on label). Collected by 
and purchased of W. J. Ansorge. 

This is the described male, the described female syntype is also 
in the collection. 

ansorgii — Erythropygia ansorgii Ogilvie-Grant, 1914 . . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 33 : 134. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1910.5.6.712. Malange, north Angola, 15 Feb. 1909. Collected 
by and purchased of Dr. W. J. Ansorge. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

antarcticus — Anthus antarcticus Cahanis, \%%A . . . .19 
J. Orn., 1884 : 254. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1884.5.15.133. 
South Georgia, 1885. Collected by Dr. von Steinen. Sclater 
Collection; obtained by Sclater in exchange with the Hamburg 
Museum. 

antisiensis — Synallaxis antisiensis^.h.S>c\aier, \%5%. ... 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 457. Holotype, Adult (female, vide 
Sclater, Catalogue of American Birds, 1862 : 158). Reg. no. 1889.5. 
20.219. Cuenca, Ecuador, Nov. 1857. Collected by L. Fraser. 
Sclater Collection. 

antonii — Mirafra angolensis antonii Hall, 195S . . . .17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 78 : 153. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1957.35.2. 5 miles east of Luacano, 3,500', east Angola, 31 Aug. 
1957. Collected by A. L. Archer and presented by the B. P. Hall 
Angola Expedition. 

apicalis — Myiarchus apicalis P. L. Sclater and SaWm, ISSl 9 

Ibis, (4) 5:269. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1888.1.13.1114. 
Bogota, Colombia. Collected for Boucard. Sclater Collection. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 



32 approximans 

approximans — Cercomacra approximans Pelzeln, 1869 ... 4 
Zur Omithologie Brasiliens : 85, 158. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.9.20.421. Matto Grosso, Brazil, 23 Oct. 1826. Collected 
by J. Natterer. P. L. Sclater Collection. 

There is a female syntype in the collection. Both are listed as 
"authentic specimens" by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 
266. 
approximans — Pachycephala poUosoma approximans Ogilvie-Grant, 

1911 37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 29 : 26. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1916.5.30.234. Iwaka River (Utakwa River, on label), Dutch New 
Guinea, 30 Jan. 1911. Collected by C. H. B. Grant. Presented 
by the committee of the Dutch New Guinea Expedition. 

The female syntype is also in the collection. 

approximans — Xenops approximans VcXztXn, \%59 ... 3 

Sber. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 34 : 113. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.5.20.405. Rio Negro, Brazil, 30 Sept. 1830. Collected by 
J. Natterer. P. L. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as "authentic specimen" by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
15(1890) : 111. 

aquatica — Sayornis aquatica P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1859 . . 9 
Ibis, (1) 1:119. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1888.1.1.126. 
Duenas, Guatamala, 4 Feb. 1858. Collected by O. Salvin. Salvin- 
Godman Collection. 

This is the only known specimen collected at the time that the 
type description was made. Sclater's list of three syntypes {vide. 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 34) appears to be an error. 

arabicus — Cinnyricindus leucogaster arabicus C. H. B. Grant and 

Mackworth-Praed, 1942 62 

Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 63 : 7. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1913.8.6.115. Hajeilah, Yemen, southern Arabia, 17 April 1913. 
Collected by and purchased of G. W. Bury. 

arabicus — Lanius arabicus Ogilvie-Grant, 1905 .23 

Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 15:78. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1902.12.12.24. Gerba, Amiri District, South Arabia. Collected 
by and purchased of G. W. Bury. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

arcaei — 5w//?raM/7/.s orcoe/ P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1869 . . 51 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1869 : 439, pi. 31. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1885.6.7.54. Cordillera del Chucu, Veragua, 1869. 
Collected by E. Arce. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

archeri — Cossypha archeri Sharpe, 1 902 . . . . .31 
Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 13:9. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1902.12.8.10. Ruwenzori, Uganda, 22 Feb. 1902 (20 Feb. on label). 
Collected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 



ardesiacus 33 

archeri — Eremomela griseoflava archeri W. L. Sdater, 1927 . . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 48 : 14. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1908.12.22.54. Burao, Somaliland, 9 Jan. 1906. Collected by 
G. W. Bury. Received in exchange with the Transvaal Museum. 

archeri — Heteromirafra archeri Clarke, 1920. . . . .17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 40 : 64. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1923.8.7.2643. Jifa, 5,000', western frontier of British Somaliland, 
23 Sept. 1918. Collected by G. F. Archer and presented by Col. 
Stephenson Clarke. 

archetes — Cecropsis archetes Hume, 1817 . . . .18 

Stray Feathers, 5 : 266. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1887.2.1. 
953. Kuroo, 26 miles north-west of Malacca, Malaya, 27 Oct. 
1875. Collected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 
The three other syntypes are also in the collection. 

arcticincta — Hirundo arcticincta Sharpe, 1891 . .18 

Ibis, (6) 3 : 119. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1893.12.1.34. 
Mount Elgon, 7,000', East Africa. Collected and presented by 
F. J. Jackson. 

arctitorquis — Pachycephala arctitorguis P. L. Sclaier, ISS3 . . 39 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1883 : 55, pi. 13. Syntype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1883.5.30.62. Larat Island, Timor Laut, Tenimber Group, 
3 August 1882. Collected by H. O. Forbes. Presented by the 
"Timor Laut" Committee of the British Association. 
The male syntype cannot be traced. 

arcuata — Emberiza arcuata Sharpe, 1 888 . . . . .49 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 : 494. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1887.6.1.1689. Simla, Himalayas, India, (13 July 1876, on label). 
Collected by C. T. Bingham. Hume Collection. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

ardens — Psaropholus ardens Swinhoe, 1 862 . .63 

Ibis, (1) 4 : 363, pi. 13. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897.6.1. 
474. Formosa, (near Tamsuy, April 1862, vide Ibis, (1) 5 (1863) : 
293). Collected by R. Swinhoe. Seebohm Collection. 

ardesiacus — Cinclus ardesiacus Salvin, 1 867 . . . .27 

Ibis, (2) 3 : 121, pi. 2. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1885.3.2. 
485. Cordillera de Tole, Veragua. Collected by E. Arce. Salvin- 
Godman Collection. 
The immature male syntype is also in the collection. 

ardesiacus — Dysithanmus ardesiacus P. I.. S,c\a\.er, \867. . 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1867 : 756. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1889.9.20.214. Rio Napo, eastern Ecuador. Collected for 
Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 



34 aremoricus 

aremoricus — Aegithalos caudatus aremoricus Whistler, 1929 . . 40 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 49 : 87. Holotype, Adule female. Reg. no. 

1929.3.9.1. Loudiac, Brittany, France, 21 Oct. 1928. Collected 
and presented by H. Whistler. 

arenacea — Ochthoeca arenacea P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1 877 . 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., \%11 : 20. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.1.1321. Bogota, Colombia. (Collected by G. Crowther, 
on label.) Salvin-Godman Collection. 

arenarum — Elainea arenarum ^z\vm, \^62> ..... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863 : 190. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.1.810. Near Punta Arenas, Costa Rica, 18 March 
1863. Collected by O. Salvin and J. M. Dow. Salvin-Godman 
Collection. 

arequipae — Synallaxis arequipae P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1869 3 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1869 : 417. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.5.20.242. Arequipa, south-west Peru, 1867. Collected 
by H. Whitely. Sclater Collection. 
There are five other syntypes in the collection. 

argentauris — Me^/a orgeM/awm Hodgson, 1838 . . . 32B 

India Review, 2 : 88. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 
1843.1.13.437. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

argentea — Apalis argentea Moreau, 1941 . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 61 : 47. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1945.34.289. Ujamba, 6,900', Kungwe Mountains, Tanganyika, 
3 August 1940. Collected by Salimu Asmani for R. E. Moreau. 
Presented by R. E. Moreau. 

argentea — Mixornis gularis argentea Chasen and Kloss, 1930 . 32B 

Bull. Raffles Mus., 4 : 82. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1947.60.58. Mallewalle Island, North Borneo, 9 Aug. 1927. 
Collected by F. N. Chasen and C. B. Kloss and presented by the 
Rafiles Museum, Singapore. 

argenteus — Cracticus argenteus Gould, 1840 . . .68 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1840 : 126. Syntype, Subadult. Reg. no. 
1875.11.8.14. North-west Australia (restricted to Port Essington 
by Mathews with particular reference to Bynoe's specimen, vide. 
Birds of Australia, 10 (1922-23) : 397). Collected by Captain, later 
Sir George, Grey. Purchased of J. Gould. 

In the original description reference was made only to this subadult 
specimen, but an adult was described. Subsequently Gould, Birds 
of Australia, 2 (ISAS) : 51, thanked Bynoe "for one of the specimens 
from which my description was taken." The latter, an adult, must 
also be a syntype and would account for the description, and later 
illustration, of an adult. It is in the Academy of Natural Sciences 



arturi 35 

of Philadelphia and De Schaunsee, Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 
109 (1957) : 223 acknowledges it as a cotype in discussion but calls 
it a holotype in the major reference. 

argentina — Gw/raco argeAJ/ma Sharpe, 1888 . . . . .50 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 : 73. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1885.12.14.267. Fuerta de Andelgala, Catamarca, Argentine, 

12 Sept. 1880. Collected by E. W. White. Salvin-Godman 
Collection. 

Listed as the type by Hellmayr and Conover, Catalogue of birds 
of the Americas, 11 (1938) : 102. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

argyrofenges — Calliste argyrofenges P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1876 . 51 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1876 : 354, pi. 30. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1888.6.4.628. Tilotilo, Yungas Province, Bolivia. Col- 
lected by C. Buckley. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

aridula — Cisticola aridula Witherby, 1900 . . . . .35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 11 : 13. Holotype, Adult male (immature, 
vide Lynes, Ibis, (12) 6, Supplement, (1930) : 130). Reg. no. 1901. 
12.12.1. Gerazi, 60 miles south of Khartoum, White Nile, (1 May 
1900, on label). Collected and presented by H. F. Witherby. 

arizanica — Pyrrhula arizanica Ogilvie-Grant, 1912 . .59 

Ibis, (9) 6:4. Syntype, Aduh? male. Reg. no. 1913.1.29.74. 
Mount Arizan, 7,000', Formosa, Jan. 1912. Collected by W. 
Goodfellow. Purchased of E. J. Johnstone. 
A female syntype is also in the collection. 

armillatus — Cyanocorax armillatus G. R. Gray and Mitchell, 1845 . 71 
The Genera of Birds, 2 : 307, pi. 74. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1845.1.2.3. ("Bogota", Colombia, vide Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. 
Mus., 3 (1877) : 137). "Purchased of Warwick", in register; "pur- 
chased of Argent", on label. 

arquata — Pitta {Phoenicocichld) arquata GovXA, \%1\ . .12 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 7 : 340. Holotype, Adult, probably 
female. Reg. no. 1881.5.1.4603. Borneo. Gould Collection. 

arthuri — Planesticus arthuri Chubb, 1914 . . . . .31 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 33 : 131. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1922.3.5. 
3597. Abary River, British Guiana, Sept. 1906. Collected by 
F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

arturi — Nectarinia arturi P. L. Sclater, 1906 . .46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 19 : 30. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1907.6.25.2. Wolverhampton, South Melsetter, Southern Rhodesia, 

13 Feb. 1906 (13 April, on label). Collected by W. M. Stanley for 
A. L. Sclater. Purchased of A. L. Sclater. 

The second syntype with head much damaged is also in the 
collection. 



36 aruensis 

aruensis — Myiolestes aruensis G. R. Gray, 1%5S . . . .39 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 180. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1873.5.12.1285. Aru Islands, 1857. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

aruensis — Myzomela obscura aruensis Kinnear, 1924 . .48 

Bull Brit. Orn. CI., 44 : 69. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1907.12.11.254. Silbattabatta, Aru Islands, Feb. 1904. Collected 
by W. Goodfellow. Presented by E. T. Johnson. 

aruensis — P/Z/o/w on/e/j^w Sharpe, 1884 . . .48 

Report on the zoological collection . . . of the voyage of H.M.S. 
Alert : 19. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1873.5.12.199. 
Wokan, Aru Islands, New Guinea, 31 May 1857. Collected by 
A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 
A female syntype is also in the collection. 

aruensis — Rectes aruensis Sharps, \^11 . . . . .39 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 3 : 285. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1858.3.10.96. Aru Islands, 1857. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 
There are five other syntypes in the collection. 

ashantiensis — Cinnyris superbus ashantiensis Bannerman, 1922 46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 43 : 7. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.4.26.2. Ashanti, Gold Coast. Collected and presented by 
H. G. F. Spurrell. 

asirensis — Pica pica asirensis Bates, 1936 . . .71 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 57 : 19. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1936.8.8.1. Sahra, 7,500', Asir Mountains, near Abha, Arabia, 
10 June 1936. Collected and presented by H. St. J. B. Philby. 

astnaraensis — Calandrella cinerea asmaraensis K. G. Smith, 1951 . 17 
Bull. Br. Orn, CI, 71 : 55. Holotype, Adult Male. Reg. no. 1951. 
48.2. Near Asmara, Eritrea, 12 Oct. 1951. Collected and 
presented by K. D. Smith. 

aspasioides — Nectarinia aspasioides G. R. Gray, 1 860 . .46 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 348. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1861.12.11.41. Amboyna (Mysol is written on one label). Collec- 
ted by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

This specimen was labelled as the type, but Gadow, Cat. Bds. 
Brit. Mus., 9 (1884) : 73, lists two specimens as types. 

assamensis — Cinnyris assamensis McClelland, IS40 .46 

in Horsfield, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1839 (publ. 1840). 167. Syn- 
type, Adult male. Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4065. Assam. Collected by 
J. McClelland. Presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum as the type. 

The bill is damaged. Another Specimen is also labelled type, 
but has no long rectrices. 



assimilis 37 

assamensis — Drymocataphus assamensis Sharpe, 1883 . . . 32B 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 : 557. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1895.7.14.3398. Dikrang Valley, Assam, Dec. 1874. Collected and 
presented by H. H. Godwin-Austen. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

assamensis — Pomatorhinus assamensis "QXyih, \^A1 . . . 32B 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 16 : 451. Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4776. Assam. Collected by J. McClelland and 
presented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 
Blyth used McClelland's MS name. 

assamensis — Psaroglossa spiloptera assamensis E. C. S. Baker, 1924 62 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 45 : 14. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1888.9.20.469. North Khasia Hills, Assam, Dec. 1876. Collected 
by A. W. Chennell, Tweeddale Collection. 

assamica — M/ra/rw fli'5'am/ca, McClelland, 1840 . . . .17 
in Horsfield, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1839 (publ. 1840) : 162. Holo- 
type, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4732. Assam. 
Collected by J. McClelland and presented by the Honourable East 
India Company Museum. 

assamica — Suya crinigera assamica E. C. S. Baker, 1924 . . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 44 : 80. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1895.7.14.1560. Shillong, Assam, (22 May, on label). Collected 
by H. H. Godwin-Austen. Godwin-Austen Collection. 

assimilis — Cactornis assimilis Go\x\d, \^2>1 . . . . .53 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1837 : 7. Syntype, (Immature male, 
vide. Zoology of the voyage of H. M.S. Beagle, 3, Birds, (1841) : 105. 
(Relaxed mount.) Reg. no. 1855.12.19.15. Galapagos Archi- 
pelago. Collected by C. Darwin. Purchased of the Zoological 
Society of London. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 18. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

assimilis — Dendrocitta assimilis Hume, ISll . . . .71 

Stray Feathers, 5 : 117. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886.3.1. 
750. Hill Tenasserim, (Mooleyit, British Burma, 31 Jan. 1877, 
on label). Collected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

assimilis — Dicrurus assimilis G. R. Gray, \S5S . . . .64 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 179. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1858.3.10.68. Aru Islands. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 
The author's selected female syntype is also in the collection. 

assimilis — Eremiornis carteri assimilis Montague, 1913 35 

Austral Avian Record, 1 : 181. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1913.5. 
20.24. Hermite Island, Monte Bello Group, North-west Australia, 



38 assimilis 

June 1912 (July, on label). Collected by P. D. Montague on the 
Monte Bello Expedition. Presented by the Royal Society. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

assimilis — Horornis assimilis 3. E. Gray, 1863. . .35 

Catalogue of mammalia and birds of Nepal and Thibet presented by 
B. H. Hodgson to the British Museum, 2nd Edn. : 30. ?Syntype, 
Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1848.6.4.58. Nepal. Collected 
and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 

This specimen was relaxed from mounting in 1882 as the type, and 
listed as such by Seebohm, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 5 (1881) : 137. 
There do not appear to be other available specimens but it cannot be 
proved that in this case the author described a mounted specimen 
in the public gallery of the museum. 

assimilis — Mionectes assimilis P. L. Sclater, IS59 . ... 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1859:46. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1859.6.29.15. Guatamala. Collected by G. U. Skinner. Gould 
Collection. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

assimilis — Oriolus assimilis Tv/eeddale, 1811 . .63 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., \811 : 760, pi. 76. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1887.11.20.525. Cebu Island, Philippines, Mar. 1877. 
Collected by A. H. Everett. Tweeddale Collection. 

assimilis — Passer assimilis Walden, 1870 . .61 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 5 : 218. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.9.12.215. Tonghoo, Burma. Collected by R. G. Wardlaw 
Ramsay. Tweeddale Collection. 

assimilis — Psarisomus assimilis Hume, 1873. .... 1 

Stray Feathers, 3 : 53. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1887.5.1. 
507. West Pegu Hills, Burma, 12 Apr. 1873. Collected by E. W. 
Gates. Hume Collection. 
The female syntype is in the collection. 

assimilis — Quiscalus assimilis V.E.SicXaiQx, X'i^l . . . .57 
Catalogue of a collection of American birds : 141. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1885.7.12.351. Bogota, Colombia. Collected 
for Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 

The female syntype is also in the collection. 

assimilis — Rhipidura assimilis G. R. Gray, IS5S . . . 37A 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 176. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1858.3.10.79. Ke Island, South-west Pacific. Collected by 
A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

assimilis — Strachyris assimilis Walden, 1 875 .... 32B 

in Blyth, Birds of Burma : 1 16 (extra number of/. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 
44, pt. 2, Aug. 1875). Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1888.4.20. 



atlas 39 

1148. Karen-Nee, 2,800', Burma, 14 Feb. 1874. Collected by 
R. G. Wardlaw-Ramsay. Tweeddale Collection. 
Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) : 602. 
The male syntype is also in the coUection. 

astigma — Hirundo astigma Shelley, 1893 . . . .18 

Ibis, (6) 5 : 19. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1892.9.10.265. 

Milanji Plateau, 6,000', Nyasaland, 29 Oct. 1891. Collected by 
A. Whyte and presented by H. H. Johnston. 

astleyi — Liothrix astleyi Delacour, 1921 . . . . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 41 : 115. Syntype, Adult male (described from 
life). Reg. no. 1921.9.2.1. China. Presented by the Zoological 
Society of London, in whose gardens it died on 28 Oct. 1921. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

aterrima — Ceblepyris aterrima B\yXh, X^db . . . . .20 
Ibis, (2) 2 : 368 {nomen nudum). 

A specimen in the collection was listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. 
Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 (1879) : 44. 

athensis — Spizocorys athensis ShsiX'pQ, \90Q . . . .17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 10 : 101. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1901.2.22.232. Athi River, British East Africa, 14 Nov. 1899. 
Collected and presented by Lord Delamere. 

atlantica — Coereba atlantica P. R. Lowe, 1912. .54 

Ibis, (9) 6 : 519. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1893.7.9.17. 
Antigua, Feb. 1892. Collected by Col. H. W. Feilden. Presented 
by the West Indian Committee. 

atlantis — Sylvia atricapilla atlantis Williamson, 1964 . . .35 

British Trust for Ornithology Field Guide no. 9. Identification for 
Ringers, 3 : 14. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1904.12.31.134. 
Ponte Delgada, San Migel, Azores, 19 March 1903. Collected by 
W. R. Ogilvie-Grant. Presented by the Hon. W. Rothschild. 

atlas — Erithacus rubecula atlas Lynes, 1919 . . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 40 : 32. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919. 
12.11.206. (Azrou, 4,800', Lesser Atlas, central Morocco, 19 May 
1919, on label.) Collected and presented by H. Lynes. 
There are four other syntypes in the collection. 

atlas— 0/ocor>'5o//fl.s Whitaker, 1898 17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 7 : 47. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1939. 
1 2. 1 4. 1 0. Glani {lapsus for Glaoui, vide Whitaker, Ibis, (7)4(1 898) : 
604), Atlas Mts., Morocco. Collected and presented by E. Dodson. 
The author also had a female but only referred to the male in the 
description. 

atlas — /'arwi' ar/fl.y Meade-Waldo, 1901 42 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 12:27. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1905.4.12.4. Mentalla, 8,000', Atlas Mountains, Morocco, 8 July 
1901. Collected and presented by E. G. B. Meade- Waldo. 



40 atlas 

This is the author's selected male, his selected female syntype is 
also in the collection. 

atlas — Sitta europaea atlas Lynes, 1919 . . . . .43 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 40 : 32. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1919.12.11.131. (Azrou, 5,600', on label), Lesser Atlas, central 
Morocco (3 May 1919, vide Ibis, (11) 2 (1920) : 292). Collected 
and presented by H. Lynes. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

atmorii — Zosterops atmorii Sharpe, 1 877 . .47 

in Layard, Birds of South Africa, 2nd Edn., : 323, 326. Holotype, 
Adult. Reg. no. 1876.5.23.293. Grahamstown, South Africa, 
Jan. 1870. Collected by T. C. Atmore. Sharpe Collection. 

atricapilla — Meliphaga atricapilla Jardine and Selby, 1 833 48 

Illustrations of Ornithology : pi. 1 34. and text. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1886.6.24.346. Tasmania. (Collected by P. Forster, 
on label.) Jardine Collection; purchased of Gerrard. 

The original label is inscribed "The authority for the fig.". The 
name is apparently preoccupied by both Meliphaga atricapilla 
Temminck and Languer, 1825, and Certhia atricapilla Latham, 
1801; Gould, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1845 : 62 provided a new 
name, Melithreptus melanocephalus, believing it to be a new species 
description, but Eidopserus affinis Lesson, 1839 is now accepted as 
the earliest valid name. 

atricapillus — Herpsilochmus atricapillus Pelzeln, 1869 ... 4 
Zur Ornithologie Brasiliens, : 80, 150. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1889.9.20.323. Goiaz, Brazil. Collected by J. Natterer. 
P. L. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as "authentic specimen" by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus. 
15(1890) -.247. 

atriceps — Chrysomitris atriceps Salvin, 1 863 . . .59 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863 : 190. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.12.14.1179. Quezaltenango, 8,000', Guatemala, (Aug. 
1862, on label). Collected by O. Salvin. Salvin-Godman Col- 
lection. 

The second syntype is also in the collection. 

atriceps — Empidonax atriceps Salvin, 1870 ..... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1870 : 198. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.1.1410. South slopes of Volcan de Chiriqui, Veragua, 
1870. Collected by E. Arce. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

atriceps — Melipotes atriceps 0%A\\e-Gxd^ni, \%95 . . . .48 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 5:15. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1896.1.5.4. 
Mount Victoria, Owen Stanley Mountains, New Guinea. Pur- 
chased of Mcllwraith and McEacharn and Co., Merchants. 



atripennis 41 

atriceps — Pseudominla atriceps Robinson and Kloss, 1919 . . 32B 
Ibis, (11) 1 : 583, pi. 14. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919.12. 
20.300. Langbian Peaks, 5,500-7,500', south Annam, 16 April 
1918. Collected and presented by C. B. Kloss. 

This is the authors' selected male. Their selected female syntype 
is also in the collection. Renamed Alcippe castaneiceps Klossi 
Delacour and Jabouille, 1931 on the grounds of its preoccupation 
by A. atriceps Jerdon, 1839. 

atriceps — Turdinus atriceps Sharpe, 1902 ..... 32B 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 13 : 10. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1902.12.8.16. Ruwenzori Mountains, Uganda, 14 Feb. 1902. 
Collected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

atriceps — Zosterops atriceps G.K. Gvdiy, \'&60 . . . .47 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 350. Syntype, Adult (male, vide 
Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 9 (1884) : 201). Reg. no. 1873.5.12. 
897. Batchian, Molucca Group, 1858. Collected by A. R. 
Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

Listed as the type by Gadow, op. cit., p. 201. There is another 
possible syntype in the collection. 

atrifrons — Tyrannus atrifrons P. L. Sclater, 1 857 .... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1857 : 274. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.781. Guayaquil, Ecuador. Collected for T. C. Eyton. 
Sclater Collection: Sclater obtained the specimen from Eyton. 

SLtrifrons^Zosterops atrifrons Wallace, 1 864 . .47 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863 (publ. 1864) : 493. Holotype, Adult 
(male, vzWe Museum catalogue). Reg. no. 1873.5.12.113. Menado, 
North Celebes, 1859. Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace 
Collection. 

atrigula — Ploceus atrigula Sharpe, 1 890 . . . . .61 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 :491. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1843.1.13.881. Nepal Terai. Collected and presented by B. H. 
Hodgson. 

This is the only syntype now available. Sharpe used a Hodgson 
nomen nudum from J. E. Gray, Zoological Miscellany (1844) : 84. 
Renamed Ploceus passerinus Reichenow, 1886 on the grounds of 
alleged preoccupation. 

atrinucha — Thamnophilus atrinucha Salvin and Godman, 1892 . 4 
Biol. Centr.-Amer., 2 : 200. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1889.7.10.107. Lion Hill, Panama {vide Hellmayr. Proc. zool. Soc. 
Land., 1911 :1158). Collected by M'Leannan. Salvin-Godman 
Collection. 
There is a female syntype in the collection. 

atripennis — Fluvicola atripennis P. L. Sclater, 1860 ... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1860 : 280. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 



42 atripennis 

no. 1888.1.13.122. Babahoyo, north-east of Guayaquil, Ecuador, 
Aug. 1859. Collected by L. Fraser. Sclater Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

atripennis — Rhipiditra atripennis G. R. Gray, 1858 . 37A 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 175. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1858.3.10.50. Aru Islands, 1857. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 

The author stated that a syntype of each sex was in the collection 
in 1858, but only the female one remains. Since a male specimen 
(register no. 55) was sent in exchange to the Calcutta Museum at 
an unknown date this was probably the male syntype. 

atrirostris — Cyclorhis atrirostris F. L. Sclater, ISS7 . . .56 

Ibis, (5) 5 : 324, pi. 10. Holotype, Immature (male, on label). 
Reg. no. 1885.3.10.259. (Camino de Manabi, on label), western 
Ecuador. Collected by C. Buckley. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

atrocaeruleus — Dicninis atrocaeruleiis G. R. Gray, \S60 . 64 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 354. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1873.5.12.1967. Batchian, Moluccas, 1858. Collected by 
A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

There is an obvious printer's error in the length of wing in the 
description. Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 
3 (1877) : 240. There is another syntype in the collection. 

atrocbalybeia — Tchitrea atrochalybeia Thomson, IS42 . .38 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (1) 10 : 204. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1842.9.24.8. Fernando Po, ("more probably Sao Thome 
Island", P. L. Sclater, Systema Avium Aethiopicarum (1930) : 436). 
Collected and presented by T. R. H. Thomson (an old label gives 
Fraser as the collector), from the River Niger Expedition. 

A note in the British Museum Register states "described by G. R. 
Gray for Thomson". 

atroflavus — Laniarius atroflaviis Shelley, 1 887 . . . .23 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1887 : 124, pi. 13. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1887.3.7.32. Cameroons, 7,300', West Africa, Oct. 1886. 
Collected by H. H. Johnston and presented by the Cameroon Com- 
mittee of the British Association. 

atrogularis — Linaria atrogularis Smith, 1836 . . . .59 

Report of the Expedition for exploring Central Africa, 1834 : 49. 
Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1845.7.6.198. Country about or 
beyond Kurrichane, (South Africa, on label). Collected by and 
purchased of A. Smith. 

This specimen, together with three other syntypes in the collection 
were listed as "types" by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 
367. 



aurantiaca 43 

atrogularis — Suya atrogularis Moore, 1854 . . . . .35 

in Horsfield and Moore, Catalogue of birds in the Museum of the 
Honourable East India Company, 1 : 326. Syntype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.3003. Darjeeling, India. Collected 
by F. T. Pearson. Presented by the Honourable East India Com- 
pany Museum as the type. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 (1883) : 181. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 

atrogularis — Thryothorus atrogularis Salvin, 1864 . . .28 

Froc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1864 : 580. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1885.3.6.339. Tucurrique, Costa Rica. Collected by E. Arce. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 

atronitens — Aplonis atronitens G. R. Gray, 1859 . . . .62 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 : 164. Holotype, Immature (vide E. L. 
and L. C. Layard, Ibis, (4) 4 (1880) : 229). Reg. no. 1854.5.31.8. 
Loyalty Islands. Presented by Sir G. Grey. 

atrosuperciliaris — Chleuasicus ruficeps var. atrosuperciliaris Godwin- 
Austen, 1877 33 

Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1877 : 147. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1895.7.14.1485. Manbum, near Sadiya, Upper Assam, 
25 Jan. 1877. Godwin-Austen Collection. 

atrovirens — Campephaga (Lalage) atrovirens G. R. Gray, 1861 . 20 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 : 430. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1861.12.11.48. Mysol. Collected by A. R. Wallace and 
purchased of S. Stevens. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

aucheri — Lanius aucheri Bonaparte, 1853 . .23 

Rev. Mag. Zool, 1853 : 294. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1898.6.20. 
546. Eloy, Persia, 2 Feb. 1840. Collected by Aucher. Seebohm 
Collection. 

aucklandicus — Anthus aucklandicus G.R. Gray, 1861 . .19 

Ibis, (1) 4:224. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1842.12.16.35. 
Auckland Islands. Collected on the voyage of H.M.S. Erebus and 
Terror and presented by the Lords of the Admiralty. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

aurantiaca — Chiromachaeris aurantiaca Salvin, 1870 ... 8 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1870 : 200. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.20.294. Bugaba, Chiriqui, Veragua, 1869. Collected 
by E. Arce. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

aurantiaca — Pyrrhula aurantiaca Gould, 1857 .59 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1857 : 222. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1858.9.7.5. Pir Pinjal Mountains, west of Cashmire, March 
1852. Collected and presented by A. Leith Adams. 
A female was also described but is not in the collection. 



44 aurantiacus 

aurantiacus — Metopothrix aurantiacus P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1866 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1866 : 190. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.13.1243. Sarayacu, lower Ucayali River, Peru, 30 May 
1865. Collected by E. Bartlett. Sclater Collection. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

aurantiacus — Pheucticus aurantiacus Salvin and Godman, 1891 . 50 
Ibis, (6) 3:272. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1899.2.1.33. 
Volcan de Santa Maria, Quezaltenango, Guatemala, 22 Aug. 1890. 
Collected by W. B. Richardson. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The immature male syntype is also in the collection. 

aurantiiventris — Pachycephala aurantiiventris Seebohm, 1891 . . 39 

Ibis, (6) 3 : 96. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1898.9.20.1018. 
Bua Island, Vanua Levu, Fiji Islands, 28 April 1876. Collected 
by E. L. Layard. Seebohm Bequest. 

aurantiivertex — Heterocercus aurantiivertex P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 

1880 8 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1880 : 157. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.20.339. Sarayacu, Ecuador. Collected by C. Buckley. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The two other syntypes are in the collection. 

aurata — Geoc/c/;/a owra/a Sharpe, 1888 . . . . .31 
Ibis, (5) 6:478. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1896.6.1.78. 
Mount Kina Balu, North Borneo, 11 May 1888. Collected by 
J. Whitehead. Seebohm Collection. 

The female and four other syntypes are also in the collection. 

aureifrons — Zosterops aureifronsVJaWsLCQ, \%(iA . . . .47 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863 (publ. 1864) : 493. Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1863.5.12.898. Flores, 1862. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 

There are two other syntypes in the collection (see also appendix, 
Corrections and Additions, vol. 2). 

aureiloris — Zosterops aureiloris Ogilvie-Grant, 1895 . . .47 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 4 : 40. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1897.5.13.223. (Barit, Abra District, on label). Mountains of Le- 
panto. Northern Luzon, Philippines, (21 Nov. 1894, on label). 
Collected by J. Whitehead. Presented by the subscribers to the 
Whitehead Expedition. 

Labelled as type by the author. A female syntype is also in the 
collection, and two in the Cambridge University Zoological Museum. 

aureiventris — Myiobius aureiventris P. L. Sclater, 1873 ... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1873 : 782. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.13.845. Cosnipata, Cuzco, Peru, 21 May 1871. Col- 
lected by H. Whitely, Sclater Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 205. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 



auricollis 45 

aureoflavus — Ploceus aureoflaviis Smith, 1839 . . . .61 
Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa, Aves: text to pi. 30. 
HOLOTYPE, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1845.7.6.20. Western 
Africa (probably Zanzibar, vide Peters, Checklist of the Birds of the 
World, 15 (1962) : 40). Collected by and purchased of A. Smith. 

aureola — Sylvicola aureola Gould, 1839 . . .54 

Zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, 3, Birds : 86, pi. 28. 
HoLOTYPE, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1856.3.15.4. Gala- 
pagos Islands. September (the date 4 Jan. 1837 on the specimen 
label appears to refer to the date when it was received by Gould). 
Collected by C. Darwin and presented by him, probably through the 
Zoological Society of London. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 (1885) : 283. 

aureolimbatus — Prionochilus aureolimbatus Wallace, 1865 . 45 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1865.: 477, pi. 29. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1873.5.12.1035. (Tondana, on label), North Celebes, 
1859. Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

aureum — Malacopteron aureum Eyton, 1845 . . . .21 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (1) 16 : 228. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1846.3.4.34. Malacca. Collected and presented by Capt. A. 
Charlton. 

aureus — Anthoscopus parvulus aureus ^dinntvmdin, \92)9 . 41 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 59 :41. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1935.7.17.98. Bole, Northern Territories, Gold Coast, 10 Jan. 
1935. Collected and presented by W. P. Lowe and Miss F. Waldron. 

aureus — Cringer aureus Walden, \2>72 . . . . .21 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 9 : 400. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1 888.4. 1 .448. Togian Islands, Gulf of Tomini, Celebes (6,000', 
Aug. 1871, vide Meyer, Ibis, (4) 3 (1879) : 130. Collected by A. B. 
Meyer. Tweeddale Collection. 

auriceps — Myiobius auriceps Gould, 1839 ..... 9 
Zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, 3, Birds : 47. Holotype, 
Adult (male, vide Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 210). 
(relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1855.12.19.172. Buenos Ayres, August. 
Collected by C. Darwin. Purchased of the Zoological Society of 
London. 

auriceps — Nectarinia auriceps G. R. Gray, 1 860 . . . .46 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 348. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1860.2.4.36. Batchian, Moluccas. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

auricollis — Nemosia auricollis P. L. Sclater, 1856 . . .51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1 856 : 1 1 1 . Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1857.11.18.5. Cayenne. Presented by P. L. Sclater. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 



46 auricomis 

auricomis — Muscicapa auricomis Latham, 1801 . . . .48 
Index Ornithologicus, Suppl. : xlix. Sharpe, Hist. Coll. Brit. Mus., 
2 (1906) : 131, lists a drawing, no. 122 in Watling, Original water- 
colour drawings . . . , in the Library of the Zoology Department, 
British Museum (Natural History), as the type ; but this is not 
considered to be the type of the description. 

auricrissa — Dubusia auricrissa P. L. Sclater, 1856 . .51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1855 (pub). 1856) : 227. Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1885.6.12.526. Bogota. Collected for Argent. Sclater 
Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 11 (1886) : 163. 

auricularis — Basileuterus auricularis Sharpe, 1885 . . .54 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 : 386. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1885. 
3.8.666. Colombia (restricted to Bogota, vide Todd, Proc. U.S. 
Nat. Mus. 74, Art. 7 (1929) : 60) 1869. Collected by Truebner. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The other syntype from Bogota is in the collection. 

auricularis — Geothlypis auricularis Salvin, 1883 . . . .54 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1883 : 420. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.3.8.511. Callao, Peru, Dec. 1881. Collected by A. H. 
Markham. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

auricularis — Kittacincla auricularis Swinhoe, 1864 . 32B 

Ibis, (1) 6:361. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1898.10.3.563. 
Formosa, March 1864. Collected for R. Swinhoe. Seebohm 
Bequest. 

aurifrons — Serinus mozambicus aurifrons W. L. Sclater and Mackworth- 
Praed, 1918 59 

/Z?/5, (10) 6 : 466. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1915.12.24.1582. 

Roseires, Sennar, South-East Sudan. Collected and presented by 

A. L. Butler. 

Sclater and Mackworth-Praed used a nomen nudum of Heuglin, 

1856. They renamed this race S. m. grotei, vide. Ibis, (13) 1 (1931) : 

581, on the grounds of its preoccupation by Emberizal [^Serinus] 

aurifrons Blyth, 1847. The above specimen was selected by the 

authors from the syntypes and labelled "type". 

auriventer — Zosterops auriventer Hume, 1878 . . . .47 

Stray Feathers, 6 : 519. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1886.12.1.1724. Tavoy, Burma, (19 April 1878, on label). Col- 
lected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 

aurora — Cyrtostomus aurora Tweeddale, 1878 . . .46 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1878 : 620. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 

no. 1888.7.1.382. Puerto Princesa, Palawan Island, Philippines, 

30 Nov. 1877. Collected by A. H. Everett. Tweeddale Collection. 

The described female syntype is also in the collection. 



austeni 47 

aussae — Cercomela melanura aussae Thesiger and Meynell, 1934 . 31 
Bull Br. Om. CI., 55 : 79. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1934.8.9.2. Aussa, Danakil, Abyssinia, 5 April 1934. Collected 
and presented by W. Thesiger. 

austeni — Franklinia rubescens austeni E. C. S. Baker, 1923 . 35 

Bull. Brit. Om. CI., 44 : 39. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1895.7.14.1989. Lhota, Naga Hills, Assam, 19 Dec. 1875. (Col- 
lected by A. W. Channell, on label). Shelley Collection. 

austeni — Grammatoptila austeni Oates, 1889 .... 32B 

The Fauna of British India; Birds, 1 : 104. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1 888.4.20.809. Toruputu Peak, 6,000', Dafla Hills, Assam, 
Jan. 1875. Collected by H. H. Godwin-Austen. Tweeddale 
Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

austeni — Paradoxornis austeni Gould, 1874 . . . . .33 

Birds of Asia, vol. 3, pt. 26 : pi. 73. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1895.7.14.1513. Naga Hills, near Kuchai, north-east India, April. 

Collected by H. H. Godwin-Austen. Godwin-Austen Collection. 

There are four other syntypes in the collection. 

austeni — Pomatorlunus austeni Hume, 1881 . . . 32B 

Stray Feathers, 10 : 152. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886.10. 
1.3569. Aimole, Manipur, 20 April 1881. Collected by A. O. 
Hume. Hume Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

austeni — Proparus austeni OgWviQ-Grsint, \S95 .... 32B 
Bull. Br. Om. CI., 5 : 3. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1895.7.14.1936. 
(Japvo Peak, on label), Naga Hills, Assam. Collected by H. H. 
Godwin-Austen. Godwin-Austen Collection. 

Listed as type by Ogilvie-Grant, Ibis, (7) 2 (1896) :61. The 
three other syntypes are also in the collection. 

austeni — Trochalopteron austeni Godwin-Austen, 1810 . . . 32B 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 39, pt. 2 : 105. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1895.7.14.2253. Hengden Peak, 7,000', Jhiri River, Khasi Hills, 
Assam. Collected by H. H. Godwin-Austen. Godwin-Austen 
Collection. 

There is a second syntype in the collection, from the same 
locality. 

austeni— Zosterops austeni Wa\den, IS7 5 . . . .47 

in BIyth, Catalogue of Mammals and birds of Burma : 1 1 1 . Holo- 
type, Adult (female, vide Mees, Zool. Verh., Leiden, 35 (1957) : 68). 
Reg. no. 1888.7.1.783. Karen nee, 2,800', Burma, 15 March 1874. 
Collected by R. G. Wardlaw Ramsay. Tweeddale Collection. 
See also Mces, op. cit., for details of type specimen. 



48 australis 

australis — Ammodromus australis Maynard, 1887 . . .49 

American Exchange and Mart, 3, no. 3 : 33. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1906.12.7.2701. Nassau, New Providence, Bahamas, 
21 Feb. 1884. Collected by C. J. Maynard. G. S. Miller Col- 
lection; the two syntypes being obtained by him from Maynard. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

australis — ^«r/7«5' oz/5/ra//5 Vigors and Horsfield, 1827 . . .19 
Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15 : 229. Holotype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1863.7.7.30. South coast of Australia. Col- 
lected by R. Brown and presented by the Linnean Society. 

australis — Cryptospiza australis Shelley, 1896 . .60 

Ibis, (7) 2 : 184. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1896.3.14.13. 
Chiradzulu, Shire Highlands, Nyasaland, July 1895. Collected by 
A. Whyte. Presented by Sir H. H. Johnston. 

This specimen was labelled as the type by the author. There is 
another female syntype in the collection. 

australis — Da^^'omw aw5//-a//5' Vigors and Horsfield, 1827 . . 36 
Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15 : 232. Holotype (immature, vide 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) : 105). North of Parramatta, 
New South Wales. Collected by G. Caley. Presented as the type 
by the Linnean Society of London. 

australis — Dryniocataphus tickelli australis Robinson and Kloss, 
1921 32B 

J.F.M.S. Mus., 10 : 205. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1936.4. 

12.1454. Ginting Bidei, 2,300', Selangor, Malay States, 5 April 

1917. Collected by C. B. Kloss and presented by the Raffles 

Museum, Singapore. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

australis — Hyliota australis SheWey, 1886 . . . . .35 
Ibis, (4) 6 : 258, pi. 7. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1895.5.1. 
188. Umvuli River, Mashionaland, 17°35' S., 30°55' E., 14 Aug. 
1880. Collected by J. S. Jameson. Shelley Collection. 

australis — Junco phaeonotus australis van Rossem, \938 . . 49 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 58 : 133. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1899.2.1.2169. Omilteme, 8,000 ft., Guerrero, Mexico, 1 Aug. 
1888. Collected by D. W. Smith. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

australis — Malaconotus australis Smith, \836 . . . .23 
Report of the Expedition for exploring Central Africa . . . 1834 : 44. 
Syntype, Adult male (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1838.6.9.92. 
North of Kurrichane. Collected by A. Smith and purchased of the 
South African Museum. 
There is a female syntype in the collection. 

australis — Megalopterus australis Smxih, 1836 . . . .62 
Report of the Expedition for exploring Central Africa . . . 1834 : 52. 



australoabyssinicus 49 

Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1838.6.9.38. Beyond 
Kurrichane, South Africa. Collected by A. Smith. Purchased of 
the South African Museum, London. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 159. 

australis — Megalotis australis S>m\i\\, \%2>6 . . . . .17 
Report of the Expedition for exploring Central Africa . . . 1834; 
Appendix : 49. Syntype, Adult male (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 
1843.2.28.57. Orange River (in text; type locality restricted to 
Colesberg, east-central Cape Province by Macdonald, Contributions 
to the Ornithology of western South Africa, 1957 : 107). Collected 
by A. Smith and purchased of the South African Society. 

There are two other syntypes at the Academy of Natural Sciences, 
Philadelphia. 

australis — Nannorchilus leucogaster australis Van Rossem, 1938 . 28 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 59 : 15. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1890.12.20. 
681. Orange Walk, Belize, British Honduras, Dec. 1887. Col- 
lected by G. F. Gaumer. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

australis — Nectarinia australis Gould, IS50 . . .46 

in Jardine, Contributions to Ornithology : 106. (Also in Proc. zool. 
Sac. Lond., 1850 (publ. Feb. 1851) : 201). Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1882.12.10.33. Oomaga Island, Torres Straits, North- 
east Australia. Collected by Commander R. Ince, R.N. {vide 
Gould, Birds of Australia, 1 (1865) : 584). Presented by Mrs. Ince 
after the death of her husband. 

australis — Stelgidocichla latirostris australis Moreau, \94\ . 21 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 62 : 29. Holotype, Adult male, not breeding. 
Reg. no. 1944.8.1.2. Mbisi Forest, 8,000', near Sumbawanga, 
Ufipa District, Tanganyika, 2 June 1941. Collected by Salimu 
Asmani and presented by R. E. Moreau. 

australoabyssinicus — Anthus caffer australoabyssinicus Benson, 1942 19 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 63 : 12. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1946.5.2750. 30 miles south of Yavello, 4,500', south Abyssinia, 
12 Sept. 1941. Collected and presented by C. W. Benson. 

australoabyssinicus— M/ro/z-a poecilosterna australoabyssinicus Benson, 

1942 17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 63 : 13. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1946.5.2797. 20 miles south of Mega, 3,000', south Abyssinia, 15 
Feb. 1942. Collected and presented by C. W. Benson. 

australoabyssinicus — Pseudonigrita arnaudi australoabyssinicus Benson, 

1942 61 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 63 : 19. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1946.5.3141. Yavello, 4,500', south Abyssinia, 15 June 1941. 
Collected and presented by C. W. Benson. 



50 australoabyssinicus 

australoabyssinicus — Tardus tephronotus australoabyssinicus Benson, 

1942 31 

Bull Br. Orn. CI., 63 : 13. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1946.5.1856. Near Yavello, 4,500', south Abyssinia, 14 Jan. 1942. 
Collected and presented by C. W. Benson. 

australoabyssinicus — Zosterops senegalensis australoabyssinicus Benson, 

1942 47 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 63 : 15. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1946.5.2708. Near Yavello, 6,000', south Abyssinia, 26 July 1941. 
Collected and presented by C. W. Benson. 

awemba — Cisticola robusta awemba Lynes, 1933 . . . .35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 53 : 169. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1933.3.13.1. Luwingu, 4,600', Awemba Province, North-east 
Rhodesia, 16 Nov. 1930. Collected by Admiral H. Lynes and 
J. Vincent. Presented by Admiral H. Lynes. 

axillaris — Amaurospiza axillaris Sharpe, ISS8 . . .59 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 : 157. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1857.11.28.201. Brazil. Collected for, and purchased of, J. Gould. 

axillaris — Arremon axillaris P. L. Sclater, 1855 . . . .49 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1854 (publ. 1855) : 97. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1885.6.12.983. Bogota, New Colombia. Collec- 
ted by E. Argent. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 11 (1886):277. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

axillaris — Pachycephalopsis hattamensis axillaris Mayr, 1931 . . 37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 51 : 59. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1916.5.30.245. Camp 6a, 2,900', Utakwa River, Dutch New 
Guinea, 6 Jan. 1913. Collected by C. B. Kloss. Presented by the 
Committee of the Dutch New Guinea Expedition. 

axillaris — Pratincola axillaris Shelley, 1884 . . . .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1884 : 556. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.6.14.13. Kilimanjaro, 7,000', East Africa, 1884. Col- 
lected by H. H. Johnston and presented by the British Association. 
This is the author's selected male. His selected female and five 
other syntypes are also in the collection. 

aximensis — Pedilorhynchus comitatus aximensis W. L. Sclater, 1924 37 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 45 : 45. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.18.219. Axim, Gold Coast, West Africa, 27 Feb. 1911. 
Collected by W. P. Lowe. Presented by Capt. E. C. Hardy, R.N. 

aylmeri — Argya aylmeri SthtW^y , 1885 ..... 32B 

Ibis, (5) 3 :404, pi. 11. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1895.7.12.70. 
Somaliland, Jan.-April 1885. Collected by and purchased of 
E. Lort Phillips. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 



badiceps 5 1 

ayresi — Sharpia ayresi Shelley, 1882 . . . . . .61 

Ibis, (4) 6 : 353. pi. 7. Holotype, Immature male. Reg. no. 
1889.7.25.14. ("Makara River", on label), Tatin River (in descrip- 
tion). South East Africa, 10 Dec. 1880. Collected by J. S. Jameson 
and T. Ayres. Shelley Collection. 

azarea — Fluvicola azarae Gould, 1839 ..... 9 

Zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, 3, Birds : 53, pi. 10. 
Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1855.12.19.245. Maldonado, 
Argentine. Collected by C. Darwin. Purchased of the Zoological 
Society of London. 

azizi — Ammomanes deserti azizi Ticehurst and Cheesman, 1924 . 17 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 45 : 20. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1924.11.30.29. Jabal Ghanima, Hasa Province, Arabia, 12 Jan. 
1924. Collected by R. E. Cheesman. Cox-Cheesman Collection. 

azoricus — Regulus cristatus var. azoricus SQQbohm, ISS3 . . 35 
A history of British birds, I : 451. Lectotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1879.4.5.307. St. Michael's, Azores, April 1865. Collected by 
F. D. Godman. Presented by F. D. Godman and O. Salvin. 

A male and a female syntype were listed by Seebohm, Cat. Bds. 
Brit. Mus., 8 (1883) : 82, but the male cannot be traced. Murphy 
and Chapin, Amer. Mus. Novit. 384 (1929) : 15 designated the female 
as the (lecto)type. 

azureocapilla — Myiagra azureocapilla Layard, 1875 . . .38 
Ibis, (3) 5 :434. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1879.4.5.1829. 
Taviani, Fiji Islands. Collected by Liardet. Salvin-Godman 
Collection. 

This specimen, now tail-less, is inscribed on the label "Mr Layard 
told me this was a new species". The labels of two other specimens 
in the collection, collected by Layard in Aug. 1875, have been 
marked "type" in a later hand but may not have been before the 
author at the time of the description. 

babauiti — Scotocichla fuscicapilla babaulti Wells, 1919 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 39 : 69. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1898.10.3.725. Trincomalee, north Ceylon, 16 Nov. 1872. Col- 
lected by W. V. Legge, Seebohm Collection. 

babylonicus — Acrocephalus babylonicus Ticehurst, 1920 . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 41 : 12. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1923.6.19.3. Basra, Lower Mesopotamia, 22 April 1917. Col- 
lected by R. E. Cheesman and Sir Percy Cox. Presented by the 
Bombay Natural History Society. 

badiceps — Sylvia badiceps Eraser, 1842 .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1842 : 144. Holotype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1847.1.18.58. Clarence, Fernando Po, Collected 
by and purchased of L. Eraser. 



52 baetica 

This specimen was not listed by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
7 (1883) but the mounting was relaxed at that date and it was 
probably not available. 

baetica — Calendrel la baetica Dresser, \S7 3 . . . . .17 
The Birds of Europe, 4 : 351. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1939.12.14.26. Seville, Spain, Feb. or Mar. 1872. Collected by 
Lord Lilford and presented by J. I. S. Whitaker. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

bafirawari — Bradornis bafirawari Bannerman, 1924 . .37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 45:41. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1924.11.21.1. Wajheir, 3,000', 100 miles north-east of the Lorian 
Swamp, Juba Land Province, Kenya, 7 Nov. 1910. Collected by 
Bafirawar for F. J. Jackson. Presented by F. J. Jackson. 

bahiae — Sclerurus mexicanus bahiae Chubb, 1919 . . . 3 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 39 : 42. Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1843.11.27.11. Bahia, east Brazil. Received from the 
Sudbury Museum, London. 

baicalensis — Motacilla baicalensis Sw'mhoe, IS7 1 . . . .19 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1871 : 363. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1898.10.20.416. Lake Baikal, east Siberia. Seebohm Collection. 

baicalensis — Poecile baicalensis SWinhoe,\%l\ . . .42 

Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (4) 7 : 257. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1898.9.20.327. On Lake Baikal (Kultuk, on label), 3 Nov. 
1870. Collected by M. Taczanosky (Collected by Dybowski, on 
label). Seebohm Bequest, two specimens being obtained by him 
from J. Verreaux. 

Listed as the type in the British Museum register and by Hartert, 
Die Vogel der paldarktischen Fauna, 1 (1905) : 380. The female 
syntype is also in the collection. 

baileyi — Ixulus flavicoUis baileyi E. C. S. Baker, 1914 . . . 32B 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 35 : 17. Holotype, Adult (male on label). Reg. 
no. 1914.10.5.23. Tembang (on label), 7,000', Mishmi Hills, 
north-east India, 10 Oct. 1913. Collected and presented by F. M. 
Bailey. 

baileyi — Leioptila capistrata baileyi Kinnear .... 32B 

See L. c. bayleyi Kinnear, 1939. 

bairdi — Empidonax bairdi P. L. Sclater, 1 858 . . .9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1858 : 301. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1858.9.27.15. Parada, 10,000', Oaxaca, Mexico, Oct. 1857. 
Collected by Boucard. Purchased of A. Salle. 

Specimen subsequently listed by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus. 
14 (1888) : 233, under E. obscurus. See also Van Rossem, Bull. 
Mus. Comp. Zool, 11 (1934) : 393. 



baltistanicus 53 

bairdi — Setophaga bairdi Salv'm, ISIS . . . . .54 

Ibis, (4) 2 :317, pi. 8. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1885.3.8.801. 
Sical, Ecuador, 1876. Collected by C. Buckley. Salvin-Godman 
Collection. 

This specimen was figured ; and was listed as the type by Sharpe, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 (1885) : 424. There are several other syn- 
types in the collection. 

bairdi — r/^r^'or/zorw.s ^cr/'/W/ Salvin and Godman, 1880 .28 

Biol. Centr.-Amer.; Aves, 1 : 95. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.3.6.382. Oaxaca, Mexico. Collected by A. Salle. Salvin- 
Godman Collection. 

bakeri — Pomatorhinus ruficollis baked Harington, 1914 . 32B 

/. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc, 23 : 336. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1886.10.1.3610. Shillong, Assam, Nov. 1877. Collected 
by J. Cockburn. Hume Collection. 

bakeri — Turdimdus epilepidotus bakeri Harington, \913 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 33 : 44. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1900. 

12.16.416a. Na Noi, South Shan States, 25 March 1899. Col- 
lected and presented by Col. G. Rippon. 

bakeri — Turdinus macrodactylus bakeri Hachisuka, 1926 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 47 : 54. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1910.12.27.295. Lam ra, Trang, north Malay Peninsula, 19 Jan. 
1910. Presented by the Kuala Lumpur Museum, Malaya. 

balfouri — C/rt«jm6a^0MnP. L. Scalterand Hartlaub, 1881 46 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1881 : 169, pi. 15. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1881.3.21.36. Socotra, 18 March 1880. Collected by 
J. B. Balfour. Presented by the Socotra Committee of the British 
Association. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

balstoni — Sericornis balstoni Ogilvie-Grant, 1909 . . .36 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 23 : 72. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.12.20.269. Bernier Island, Carnarvon, Western Australia, 
6 July 1906. Collected by G. C. Shortridge. Presented by W. E. 
Balston. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

balstoni — Zoster ops balstoni Ogilvie-Grant, 1909 . . .47 

Ibis, (9) 3 : 663. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1905.12.26.91. 
Carnarvon, Western Australia, 23 Aug. 1906. Collected by G. C. 
Shortridge. Presented by W. E. Balston. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

baltistanicus — Acanthis flavirostris baltistanicus R. and A. 

Meinertzhagen, 1926 59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 46 : 97. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1965.M.30. Sanpur, 1 1,500', near Skardu, Kashmir, 19 Aug. 1925. 
Collected by R. and A. Meinertzhagen. Meinertzhagen Collection. 



54 bambarae 

bambarae — Thanmolaea cinnamomeiventris bambarae Bates, 1928 31 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 49 : 32. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1928.11.21.2. Kulikoro, below Bamako on River Niger, French 
Sudan, 7 July 1928. Collected and presented by G. L. Bates. 

bambuluensis — Apalisjacksoni bambiiluensis Serle, 1949 . . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 69 : 55. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1949.14.16. Near Bambulue Lake, 6,000', Bamenda, Cameroons, 
5°50' N. 10°10' E., 14 Sept. 1948. Collected and presented by 
W. Serle. 

bamendae — Andropadus tephrolaenms bamendae Bannerman, 1923 21 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 44 : 4. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1923. 
10.26.264. Near Bamenda, 5,500', Cameroon Highlands, 23 Aug. 
1922. Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

bamendae — Apalis bamendae Bdinntrmdin,\922 . . . .35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 42 : 131. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1922.11.25.120. Between Bemba and Chang, 5,000', Cameroon 
Highlands, 15 Oct. 1921. Collected and presented by G. L. Bates. 

bamendae — Mirafraafricana bamendae Ser\Q, 1959 . . .17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 79 : 2. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1958.25.1. Near Sabga Pass, 5,000', 12 miles east of Bamenda, 
British Cameroons, 9 Nov. 1956. Collected and presented by 
W. Serle. 

bamingui — Psalidoprocne bamingui Boyd Alexander, 190S . 18 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 21 : 88. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.1315. Bamingui River, Upper Shari River, 13 Aug. 
1905. Collected and bequeathed by Boyd Alexander. 

This is the author's selected male. His selected female and two 
immature syntypes are in the collection. 

banguey — Dissemurus paradiseus banguey Chasen and Kloss, 1929 64 

J. Orn. 1929 (2) : 120. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1947. 
60.27. Banguey Island, North Borneo, 3 Sept. 1927. Collected by 
F. N. Chasen and C. B. Kloss. Presented by the Raffles Museum, 
Singapore. 

banksiana — Lalage banksiana G.R.Gray, ISIO . . .38 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 5 : 329. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1870.3.31.6. Vanua Levu, Banks Group, New Hebrides, 
Pacific Ocean, 24 August 1865. Collected and presented by J. 
Brenchley, from the cruise of the Curagoa. 
The "young male" syntype is also in the collection. 

bannermani — Anthus richardi bannermani Bates, 1930 . . .19 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 51 : 48. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1930.12.3.1. Birwa Peak, 4,800', Kono District, Sierra Leone, 
18 July 1930. Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 



baraka 55 

bannermani — Cyanomitra verticalis bannennani C. H. B. Grant and 

Mackworth-Praed, 1943 46 

Bull, Brit. Oni. CI., 63 : 63. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1936.4.13.383. Kayoyo, southern Belgian Congo, 1 Sept. 1933. 
Collected and presented by H. Lynes. 

bannermani — Hirimdo abvssinica bannermani C. H. B. Grant and 

Mackworth-Praed, 1942 18 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 62 : 54. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1922. 
12.8.721. Aribo Valley, Darfur, western Sudan, 21 May 1921. 
Collected and presented by Admiral H. Lynes. 

bannermani — Plocepasser superciliosus bannermani C. H. B. Grant 

and Mackworth-Praed, 1943 61 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 64 : 18. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1927. 
11.5.865. Gomit River, 4,000', Big Abbai, 60 miles south of Lake 
Tana, northern Abyssinia, 21 Jan. 1927. Collected by and pur- 
chased of R. E. Cheesman. 

bansoensis — Cyanomitra oritis bansoensis Bannerman, 1922 . 46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 43 : 8. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1922.11.25.224. Banso Mountains, 6,000', north of Kumbo, 
Nigerian-Cameroon Highlands, 26 Sept. 1921. Collected by and 
purchased of G. L. Bates. 

bansoensis — Nesocharis shelleyi bansoensis Bannerman, 1923 . 60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 44 : 3. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1923. 
10.26.422. Banso Mountains, 6,000', north of Kumbo, Cameroon, 
13 Sept. 1922. Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

bansoensis — Ripariarufigula bansoensis Bannerman, 1923 . . 18 

Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 44 : 5. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1923.10.26.146. Bamenda, 4,750', Cameroon Highlands, 25 Aug. 
1922. Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

banyumas — Muscicapa banyumas Horsfield, 1821 . .37 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Loncl., 13 : 146. Syntype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.873. Province of Banyumas, Java. 
Collected by T. Horsfield. Presented by the Honourable East 
India Company Museum. 

A second syntype is also in the collection. 

baraka — Merula baraka Sharpe, 1903 . . . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 14 : 19. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1903.9.16.1. Ruwenzori Range, East, Africa, 23 Feb. 1902. 
Collected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

baraka— 5'>'/v/>//fl/?crraA'a Sharpe, 1897 35 

Bull Brit. Orn. CL, 1 : 6. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1897.10.31.6. Entebbe, Uganda, (24 April 1895). Collected and 
presented as the type by F. J. Jackson. 



56 barakae 

barakae — Bradypterus barakae Sharpe, 1906 . . . . .35 

Ibis, (8) 6 : 546. New name for Phlexis rufescens Sharpe, 1902 
(q.v.), on the grounds of its preoccupation by Bradypterus rufescens 
Sharpe and Bouvier, 1876. 

barakae — Nectarinia barakae Sharpe, 1902 . . .46 

Bull. Brit. Oru. CI., 13 : 8. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1902.12.8.8. Ruwenzori, Tanganyika, 14 Feb. 1902. Collected 
and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

barakae — Parus barakae Jackson, 1 899 . . . . .42 

Ibis, (7) 5:639. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1899.8.18.5. 
Nejmps, Lake Baringo, Kenya, 26 Sept. 1896. Collected and 
presented by F. J. Jackson. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

barakae — Turdinus barakae Jackson, 1906 .... 32B 

Bull. Br. Oru. CI, 16 : 90. Holotype, Adult (female on label). 
Reg. no. 1906.6.3.6. Kibera, Toro, Uganda, 14 Sept. 1905. 
Collected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

barat — Pycnonotus bimaculatus barat Robinson and Kloss, 1920 21 
/. Straits Branch, roy. Asiat. Soc, 81 : 103. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1947.60.45. Siolak Daras, 3,000', west Sumatra, 15 March 
1914. Collected by H. C. Robinson and C. B. Kloss and pre- 
sented by the Raffles Museum, Singapore. 
The female syntype did not come to the British Museum. 

barbata — Muscicapa barbata Latham, ISOl . . . . .36 

Index Ornithologicus, SuppL: li. Sharpe, Hist. Coll. Brit. Mus., 
2 (1906) : 140, states that a drawing by Watling, no. 180 in Original 
water-colour drawings . . . , in the Library of the Zoology Depart- 
ment, British Museum (Natural History), (also in the Lambert 
drawings, vol. 2, no. 12) is the type of this species; but the bird 
depicted cannot be identified {vide Hindwood, Austr. Zool., 13 
(1963-66) : 86) and is not the type of Latham's description. 

barnesi — Parisomalayardibarnesi Vincent, 1948 . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 68 : 145. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1948.39.9. Lekhalabaletsi Valley, 8,900', 29°17' S., 29°24' E., 
Basutoland, 7 Dec. 1947. Collected and presented by J. Vincent. 

barnesi — Saxicola barnesi Oates, \S90 . . . .31 

The Fauna of British India; Birds, 2 : 75. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1886.7.8.4500. Kandahar, Afghanistan, 12 Sept. 1879. 
Collected by Sir O. St. John. Hume Collection. 
Listed as type by E. C. S. Baker, The Fauna of British India; Birds 
(2nd ed., 1924) 2 : 47. There is a second syntype in the collection. 

baroica — Saxicola baroica Smith, 1840 . . . . .31 
Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa, 2 (Aves): text to pi. 28 
(nomen nudum). 



bartoni 57 

A Smith specimen in the collection was listed as type by Seebohm, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mas., 5 (1881) : 399. 

baroni — Buarremon baroiii Salvin, 1895 . . .49 

Novit. ZooL, 2 : 5, pi. 1. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1896. 
10.6.226. Cajabamba, 9,000', northern Peru, Jan. 1894. Collected 
by O. T. Baron. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

The female syntype and another male syntype are also in the 
collection. 

baroni — Siptornis baroni Salvin, 1895 ...... 3 

Novit. ZooL, 2 : 14. Syntype, Aduh male. Reg. no. 1899.6.1.77. 
10,400', Huamachuco, Peru, Feb. 1894. Collected by O. T. Baron. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There is a female syntype in the collection. 

barratti — Bradypterus barratti Sha.TpQ, IS16 .35 

Ibis, (3) 6 : 53, pi. 4. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1875.10.7.39. 
Lydenberg gold-fields, Transvaal. Collected by and purchased of 
F. A. Barratt. 

bartletti — Dendrocincla bartletti Chubb, \919 .... 2 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 39 : 51. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1889.5.14.812. Chamicuros, east Peru, 31 Aug. 1867. Collected 
by E. Bartlett. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

bartletti — Malimbus bartletti Sharpe, 1890 61 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 : 479. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1877.7.11.250. Wasa Province, Gold Coast, 1872. Collected by 
H. F. Blissett. Sharpe Collection. 
There are other syntypes in the collection. 

bartletti— Pflrarfweaftar/ZemW. Goodwin, 1860 . . . .70 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 244. Syntype, Subadult male. Reg. 
no. 1855.12.19.312. Locality unknown. The specimens came to 
Bartlett, from whom W. Goodwin received them. 

This one of Goodwin's specimens subsequently came to the 
Museum through the Zoological Society. Listed as type by 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 3 (1877) : 169. 
The female syntype has not been traced. 

bartoni — Microeca griseiceps bartoni OgiWit-Grani, \9\5 . . 37 
Ibis, (10) 2, Supplement : 174. Syntype. Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1913.3.6.304. Owen Stanley Range, 5,000'. Dutch New 
Guinea, April 1908. Collected by W. Goodfellow. Purchased 
of E. J. Johnstone. 

This is the described male, the described female syntype is also 
in the collection. 

bartoni — Pachyceptiala soror bartoni Ogilvie-Grant, 1915 . . 39 
Ibis, (10) 2, Jubilee Supplement : 89. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1913.3.6.324. Owen Stanley Mountains, 5,000', British New 



58 bartteloti 

Guinea, April 1908. Collected by W. Goodfellow. Purchased of 
E. Johnstone. 
This is the author's selected male. 

bartteloti— Cossvpha bartteloti Shelley, 1890 .31 

Ibis, (6) 2 : 159, pi. 5. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1890. 
3.3.2. Yambuya, Aruwhimi River, Upper Congo. Collected 
by J. S. Jameson and presented by Mrs Jameson. 

barussana — Malacocincla sepiaria barussana Robinson and Kloss, 

1921 32B 

J. F. M. S. Mils., 10 : 205. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1927.4.18.1012. Siolak Dras, 3,000', Korinchi, west Sumatra, 
18 March 1914. Collected by H. C. Robinson and C. B. Kloss and 
presented by the former. 

basilanica — Dendrobiastes basilanica Sharpe, 1877 . . .37 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., (2) ZooL, 1 : 332. An adult female, Reg. 
no. 1896.6.6.400, collected by J. B. Steere on Isabella de Basilan, 
Philippines, on 18th Nov., was listed as the type by Hachisuka, 
Birds of the Philippines, 2 (1934-5) : 302, but from the date when it 
was received, and from the fact that Steere, List of birds and mammals 
collected by the Steere Expedition to the Philippines (1890), states that 
on the second expedition he visited Basilan in November, and lists 
this species as collected on that island, it seems certain that this 
specimen has no type status. 

basilanica — Ptiocichla basilanica Steere, 1890 .... 32B 
List of the Birds and Mammals collected by the Steere Expediton 
to the Philippines: 18 (reprinted in Ibis, (6) 3 (1891) : 312, pi. 7.). 
Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1896.6.6.397. Basilan, Philip- 
pines, 7 Nov. Collected by J. B. Steere. Steere Collection. 

basilanica — Rhinor^iyias ruficauda basilanica Hachisuka, 1932 . 37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 52 : 110. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1887.12.30.1387. (not 1889 as stated in the description). Basilan, 
Philippines, June 1878. Collected by A. H. Everett. Tweeddale 
Collection. 

basilanica — Zost crops basilanica Steere, 1890 . . . .47 

List of Birds and Mammals collected by the Steere Expedition to the 
Philippines, : 21. Mees, Zool. Verh., Leiden, 35 (1957) : 148, selec- 
ted a lectotype from material in the American Museum of Natural 
History. A pair of specimens from the original syntypical series 
is in the collection. 

basilanicus — Anthreptes malacensis basilanicus Hachisuka, 1926 . 46 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 47 : 68. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1896.6.6.483. Basilan Island, Philippines, 19 Nov. Collected by 
J. B. Steere. Steere Collection. 



bates! 59 

basilanicus — O/vo/M^^o^/Yan/cw^Ogilvie-Grant, 1896 . . .63 
Ibis, (7) 2 : 532. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1896.6.6.39. 
Basilan, Philippines, 6 Nov. Collected by J. B. Steere. Steere 
Collection. 

There are five other syntypes in the collection. Ogilvie-Grant 
labelled this specimen as the type but did not designate it in the 
text. 

basilanicus — Polioloplnis basilanicus Steere, IS90 . . . .21 

List of Birds and Mammals collected by the Steere Expedition to the 
Philippines : 19 (reprinted in Ibis, (6) 3 (1891) : 313). Syntype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1896.6.6.324. Basilan, Philippines, 14 
Nov. 1887. Collected by and purchased of J. B. Steere. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

bassetti — Zosterops bassetti Sharpe, 1 894 . . .47 

Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (6) 14 : 57. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1892.4.4.11. Damma Island, Serwatty Group, Banda Sea, Nov. 
1891. Collected by P. W. Bassett-Smith. Presented by the 
Admiralty from the voyage of H.M. Survey ship Penguin. 

basutoensis — Fringillariacapensis basutoensis Yincent, 1950 . 49 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 70 : 14. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1950.12.2. Source of the Lekhalabaletsi River, 9,600', Basutoland, 
29°18' S., 29°25' E., 15 July 1949 (25 July, on label). Collected 
and presented by J. Vincent. 

batakana — Munia atricapillabatakanaChasen and Kloss, 1929 60 

Bull. Raffles Mus., 2 : 23. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1947.60.69. Brastagi, 1,390 metres, Simeloengan, Batak High- 
lands, North-east Sumatra, 28 Jan. 1919. Collected by A. C. van 
Heyst. Presented by the Raffles Museum, Singapore. 

batchianensis — Anthus batchianensis G.R. Gray, 1869 . . .19 
Handlist of Birds, 1 : 251 {nomen nudum). 

A Wallace specimen was listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. 
Mus., 10 (1885) : 614. 

bates! — BatisbellabatesiBannevman,\922) . . . . .38 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 44 : 4. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1923.10.26.161. Near Bamenda, 5,500', Cameroons, 21 Aug. 1922. 
Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

batesi—Bledi batesi Sharpe, 1903 21 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 14 : 19. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1902.12.5.65. Efulen, Cameroons, 25 March 1902. Collected by 
G. L. Bates and purchased of W. E. de Winton. 

bates! — Callene batesi Bannerman, \922 . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 42 : 130. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1922.11.25.163. Banso Mountains, 6,000', north of Kumbo, 
Nigeria-Cameroon boundary, 27 Sept. 1921. Collected by and 
purchased of G. L. Bates. 



60 bates! 

bates! — Chloropeta batesi Sharpe, 1904 . . . .35 

Ibis, (8) 5 :468. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1905.1.24.101. 
Ja River, Cameroon, 16 June 1904. Collected by and purchased 
of G. L. Bates. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

batesi — Chlorophoneus batesi Sharpe, 1908 . . . . .23 

Ibis, (9) 2 : 330. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1908.5.25.7. 
River Ja, Cameroons, West Africa, 25 March 1906. Collected by 
and purchased of G. L. Bates. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

batesi — Cinnyris batesi OgiWiQ-Grant, 190S . . . .46 

Bull. Brit. Om. CI., 23 : 19. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1905.1.24.223. Ja River, South Cameroon, 18 May 1904. Col- 
lected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

This is the author's selected male. His selected female syntype 
is also in the collection. 

batesi — Eiiplectes axillaris batesi Ddacour, 1933 . . . .61 

Bull. Br. Om. CI., 53 : 181. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1932.8.6.8. Niger River, between Tillabery and Ansonge, French 
Sudan, 30 July 1931. Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

batesi — Geocichla batesi Sharpe, 1905 . . . . .31 

Bull. Br. Om. CI., 16 : 36. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.12.24.112. Efulen, Cameroons, 25 July 1905. Collected by 
G. L. Bates and purchased of W. Rosenberg. 

batesi — Lanius excubitor batesi C. H. B. Grant and Mackworth-Praed, 

1951 23 

Bull. Br. Om. CI., 71 : 54. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1925.12.25.175. Between Sfax and Aguareb, eastern Tunisia, 
9 Feb. 1925. Collected by W. Lowe and D. Bannerman and 
presented by A. S. Vernay. 

batesi — Melirrlwphetes batesi Sharpe, 1886 . . . . .48 
Nature, 34 : 340. Holotype, Adult. Sogeri District, Astrolabe 
Mountains, South-east New Guinea. Collected by and purchased 
of H. O. Forbes. 

batesi — Mirafra batesi Bannerman, 1923 . . . . .17 
Bull. Br. Om. CI, 43 : 163. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1923.10.26.456. Near Jos (south), 4,000', Northern Nigeria, 30 
Jan. 1923. Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

batesi — Othyphantes batesi Sharpe, 1908 . . . . .61 
Ibis, (9) 2 : 348. Holotype, Subadult female. Reg. no. 1908. 
5.25.104. Ja River, Cameroons, 29 Jan. 1906. Collected by and 
purchased of G. L. Bates. 



bedfordi 61 

hatesi—Svlviella batesi Sharpe, 1908 35 

Ibis, (9) 2 : 319. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1908.5.25.125. 
Bitye, Ja River, Cameroons, 27 Oct. 1906. Collected by and 
purchased of G. L. Bates. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

batesi — Turdinus batesi ^\ydLr^Q,\90\ ..... . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 12 : 2. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1901.10.29.20. Efulen, Cameroon, West Africa. Collected by and 
purchased of G. L. Bates. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

bayleyi — Leioptila capistrata bay ley i Kinnear, 1939 . . . 32B 
Ibis, (14) 3 : 752. Holotype, Adult female (on label; male in 
text). Reg. no. 1935.4.5.156. Taktoo, near Sakdan, east Bhutan, 
27 Oct. 1934. Collected and presented by F. Ludlow and G. 
Sherriflf. 

The subspecific name was corrected to baileyi by Ludlow, Ibis, 
86(1944) :82-3. 

beavani — Prinia beavani Walden, 1867 . . . . .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1866 (publ. 1867) : 551. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1888.4.20.494. Schouay Goon, Salween River, 
Tenasserim, (10 Aug. 1865, on label). Collected by R. C. Bevan. 
Tweeddale Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

beccarii — Dicaeum beccarii Robinson and Kloss, 1916 . . . 45 
J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc., 73 : 278. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1947.60.63. Korinchi Peak, 7,300', West Sumatra, 
26 April 1914. Collected by H. C. Robinson and C. B. Kloss. 
Presented by the Raffles Museum, Singapore. 

bechuanae — Prinia superciliosa bechuanae Macdonsdd, 1941 . . 35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 62 : 28. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.16.102. Mababe Flats, (3,000', on label). North-western 
Bechuanaland, 8 Aug. 1909. Collected by R. B. Woosman. 
Presented by the R. B. Woosman and Hon. C. Legge's Ngamiland 
Expedition. 

bedfordi — Bradypterus bedfordi Ogilvie-Grant, 1912 . . .35 

Ibis, (9) 6 : 382. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1911.12.16.76. 
Mababe Flats, north of Lake Ngami, Bechuanaland, 25 July 1909. 
Collected by R. B. Woosnam. Presented by R. B. Woosnam and 
the Hon. C. Legge. 

bedfordi — Pholidornis bedfordi Ogilvie-Grant, 1904 . . .60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 14 : 56. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1904.6.22.207. Santa Isabel, north Fernando Po, 25 Dec. 1903. 
Collected by E. Seimund. Presented by the Duke of Bedford, 
Mrs P. Sladen, and the Hon. W. Rothschild. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 



62 bedfordi 

hedfordi—Sitta bedfordi Ogilvie-Grant, 1909 . . .43 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 23 : 59. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1907.12.17.271. Quelpart Island (3,000', on label), South Korea, 
11 Sept. 1905. Collected by M. P. Anderson. Presented by the 
Duke of Bedford. 

bedfordi — Troclwcerciis bedfordi OgWviQ-Grant, 1907 . .38 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 19 : 40. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.12.23.1532. Mawambi, 3,000', Eastern Congo Forest, 17 
Oct. 1906. Collected by R. B. Woosnam. Presented by the sub- 
scribers to the Ruwenzori Expedition. 
The described female syntype is also in the collection. 

beesleyi — Chersomanes olbofasciata beesleyi Benson, 1966 . . 17 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 86 : 77. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1965.37.1. Masai Plains, 30 miles north of Arusha, northern 
Tanzania, 2 Nov. 1965. Collected by J. S. S. Beesley and pre- 
sented by C. W. Benson. 

bella — Aethopyga bella TweQdda\Q, 1^77 . . . . .46 

Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (4) 20 : 537. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 

no. 1888.7.1.118. Surigao, North Mindanao, Philippines, May 
1877. Collected by A. H. Everett. Tweeddale Collection. 

bella— Z.o.\7a6£>//« Latham, 1801 60 

Index Ornithologicus, Suppl.: xlvi. ?Syntypes, water-colour draw- 
ings. New South Wales. Nos. 163, 164 in Watling, Original 
water-colour drawings . . . Library of the Zoology Department, 
British Museum (Natural History). Vide Sharpe, Hist. Coll. 
Brit. Mus., 2 (1906) : 138. 

Vol. 2, nos. 21, 22 in Lambert drawings, in library at Knowsley, 
Lancashire (see introduction to this catalogue vol. 2). See also 
Mathews, Birds of Australia, 12 (1925) : 166. 

belli— C/^r/fo/fl^e-/// Ogilvie-Grant, 1908 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 21 : 71. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.12.23.939. Muhokia, 3,400', South-east Ruwenzori, Uganda, 
31 May 1906. Collected by R. B. Woosnam. Presented by the 
subscribers to the British Museum Ruwenzori Expedition. 

belli— Pv/e//a6e/// Ogilvie-Grant, 1907 60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 21 : 14. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.12.23.286. Mokia, 3,400', South-east Ruwenzori, 26 May 
1906. Collected by R. E. Dent. Presented by the subscribers to 
the Ruwenzori Expedition. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

belli — Eremomela griseoflava belli C. H. B. Grant and Mackworth- 

Praed, 1946 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 67 : 44. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1945.47.19. Liwale, Southern Province, Tanganyika Territory, 
1 May 1940. Collected and presented by R. M. Bell. 



bensoni 63 

bellus— M>7o6/w5'6£'//w5P. L. Sclater, 1862 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1862 : 111. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.860. Bogota, Columbia. Sclater Collection. 
The second syntype is in the collection. 

bengalensis — Timalia bengalensis Godw'm-Austen, 1872 . . 32B 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 4\, pt. 2 : 143. Holotype, Adult. Reg.no. 
1895.7.14.1894. Head of Jhiri River, Khasia Hills, Assam. Col- 
lected by H. H. Godwin-Austen. Godwin-Austen Collection. 

benguelae — Parus aferbenguelaeHaW and Traylor, 1959 42 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 79 : 45. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1957.35.3. 12 miles south-east of Benguela, West Angola. 12 
Sept. 1957. Collected by G. W. Lathbury. Presented by B. P. 
Hall. 

benguelensis — AlaemonbenguelensisS\\arpQ,\9Q4 .17 

Ibis, (8) 4:361. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1873.12.10.130. 
Benguela, Angola. Collected by and purchased of J. J. Monteiro. 

benguellensis — Amydrus naboiiroiip benguellensis Neumann, 1903 . 62 
Orn. Mber. 11:184. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1873.12.10.53. 
Benguella, Angola. Collected and presented by J. J. Monteiro. 

benguellensis — Bradypterus brachypterus benguellensis Bannerman, 

1927 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 47 : 147. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1928.10.25.37. Chicuma, Benguella Province, Angola, 9 Feb. 
1927. Collected and presented by Admiral H. Lynes. 

benguellensis — Karrucincla schlegelii benguellensis W . L. Sclater, 1928 31 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 49 : 15. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.12.4.127. Huxe, Benguella, Angola, 5 Sept. 1905. Collected 
by and purchased of Dr W. J. Ansorge. 

benguellensis — Passer motitensis benguellensis Lynes, 1926 . . 61 

Ibis, (12) 2 : 380. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1906.12.4.299. 
Huxe, Benguella, Angola, 28 Aug. 1905. Collected by W. J. 
Ansorge. Ansorge Collection. 

bennettii — Orthotomus bennettii Sykes, IS32 . .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1832:90. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1880.1.1.4438. Deccan. India. Collected by W. H. Sykes. 
Presented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) : 217. 
There is another syntype in the collection not mentioned by Sharpe 
{op.cit.). 

bensoni — Aimnomanes deserti bensoni K.Meinerizhagen, 1933. . 17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 53 : 151. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1939.12.9.279. Tamsnigat, 6,800', Ahaggar Plateau, Sahara, 25 
Icb. 1931. Collected by R. Meinertzhagen. Rothschild Bequest. 



64 bensoni 

bensoni — Apalis murina bensoni C. H. B. Grant and Mackworth-Praed, 
1937 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 57 : 101. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1935.5.12.47. Dedza Mountains, 6,500', Nyasaland, 23 Dec. 1934. 

Collected and presented by C. W. Benson. 

Renamed A. m. whitei Grant and Mackworth-Praed, Bull., Brit. 

Orn. CI., 57 (1937) : 114, on the grounds of pre-occupation by A. 

bamerdae bensoni, Vincent, 1935. 

bensoni — Artisornis metopias bensoni Wincent, 1935 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 55 : 174. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1935.3.1 1.3. Chongoni Mountain, 6,000', 10 Feb. 1935. Collected 
and presented by J. Vincent. 

bensoni — Cynnyris mediocris bensoni Williams, 1953 . . .46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 73 : 10. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1952.48.1. Dedza Mountains, 7,000', Nyasaland, 19 July 1951. 
Collected and presented by C. W. Benson. 
The spelling of the generic name is a printer's error. 

bensoni — Sheppardia bensoni Kinnear, 1938 . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 58 : 138. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1938.6.17.1. Near Nkata Bay, 1,900', Chinteche District, West 
Nyasa District, Nyasaland, 15 April 1938. Collected by and 
purchased of C. W. Benson. 

bensonorum — Acanthis flavirostris bensonorum R. Meinertzhagen, 1934 59 
Ibis, (13) 4 : 55. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1965. M.51. 
Grogarry, South Uist, Outer Hebrides, 8 Nov. 1932. Collected by 
R. Meinertzhagen. Meinertzhagen Collection. 

bentet — Lanius bentet Horsfield, 1821 . . . .23 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 144. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1879.11.28.562. Java. Presented by the Honourable 
East India Company Museum. 

Listed as "one of the types" by Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
8(1883) :267. 

berberae — CisticolacisticolaberberaeR.yiemQxizh?igQn, 1922 . 35 

Ibis, (11) 4 : 12. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1923.8.7.2873. 
near Berbera, 3,000', British Somaliland, 13 Jan. 1919. Collected 
by Sir G. F. Archer. Presented by Col. Stephenson Clarke. 

berlepschi — Cyanolesbia berlepschi Hartert, 1898 . . .25 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 8 : 16. Syntype, male, not fully grown. Reg. 
1887.3.22.1364. Forest of Caripe, Venezuela, (June 1867, on 
label). Collected by A. Goering. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

Of the five remaining syntypes referred to by the author, Hartert, 
A^ov/7. Zool., 27 (1920) : 411, states that "male and female types" 
are in the American Museum of Natural History. 



bhamoensis 65 

berlepschi — Phyllmyias berlepscbil'. L.SdatQr, 1887 ... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1887.49. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.435. Bahia, East Brazil. Sclater Collection; from Von 
Berlepsch. 

berlepschi — Thryothorus coraya berlepschi Brabourne and Chubb, 

1912 28 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (8) 10 : 262. Syntype, (Adult by plumage). 
Reg. no. 1922.3.5.3455. Bartica Grove, British Guiana, 1911. 
Collected by F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 

bermudiana — Carduelis carduelis bermudiana Kennedy, 1913 . 59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 33 : 33. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1913.10.29.38. Ireland Island, Bermuda, 23 Dec. 1912. Collected 
and presented by J. N. Kennedy. 

bemieri — Malurus bernieri Ogilvie-Grant, 1909 . . . .36 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 23 : 72. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.12.20.189. Bernier Island, Carnarvon, Western Australia, 
12 July 1906. Collected by G. C. Shortridge. Presented by W. E. 
Balston. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

bertrandi — Hyphantornis bertrandi Shelley, 1 893 . . . .61 

Ibis, (6) 5 : 23. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1892.9.10.181. 
Zomba, Nyasaland, 7 Aug. 1891. Collected by A. Whyte. Pre- 
sented by H. H. Johnston. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

bertrandi — Laniarius bertrandi Shelley, 1 894 . .23 

Ibis, (6) 6:15, pi. 2. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1894. 
5.5.105. Milanji Hills, Nyasaland, 25 April 1893 (on label; Sept. 
in text). Collected by A. Whyte for Sir H. H. Johnston and pre- 
sented by the latter. 

besti — Dicaeum besti StcQTe, 1890 . . . . .45 

List of birds and mammals collected by the Steere Expedition to the 
Philippines: 22. Holotype, Adult (male, on label). Reg. no. 
1896.6.6.543. Siquijor, Philippines (6 Feb. 1888, on label). Col- 
lected by J. B. Steere on the 2nd Expedition. 

ht%vki^Aethostoma pyrrogenys besuki KXos^, 1931 . . . 32B 

Treubia, 1 3 : 346. Holotype, Adult female (bill broken). Reg. 
no. 1947.60.51. Tamansari, near Banjoewangi, east Java, 20 
Jan. 1920. Collected by C. B. KIoss and presented by the Raffles 
Museum, Singapore. 

bhamoensis — Stachyrhidopsis bhamoensis Harington, \908 . . 32B 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (8) 2 : 245. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1908.8.2.13. Sinlum-Kaba, Bhamo District, Upper Burma, 
20 April 1908. Collected and presented by H. H. Harington. 
There arc several other syntypes in the collection. 



66 bichenovii 

bichenovii — Fn>7g/7/a6/c/?e«c>v77 Vigors and Horsfield, 1827 60 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15:258. Holotype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1863.7.7.49. Shoal water Bay, Broad Sound, 
Queensland, Australia, Sept. 1802. Collected by R. Brown. 
Presented by the Linnean Society of London as the type. 

bicolor — Amadina bicolor Fraser, 1 843 . . .60 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1842 (publ. 1843) : 145. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1847.1.18.22. Cape Palmas, Liberia. Collected 
by and purchased from L. Fraser. From the Niger Expedition. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

bicolor — Chimarrhomis bicolor. See appendix. Corrections and 
Additions, vol. 2 . . . . . .31 

bicolor — Crateropus bicolor i^ixAint, \^2>\ ..... 32B 
Edinb. J. nat. and geog. Sci., (n.s.), 3 : 97, pi. 3. Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1886.6.24.175. South Africa. Collected by A. Smith. 
Jardine Collection. 

bicolor — Gra///>7aZj/Vo/o/- Vigors and Horsfield, 1827 37 and 66 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15 : 233. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1863.7.7.37. Prospect Hill, New South Wales. Collected by 
R. Brown. Presented by the Linnean Society as the type. 

The specimen is not a Grallina but an example of Petroica {Melano- 
dryas) cucuUata of the Muscicapidae. A specimen of Grallina 
melanoleuca from the Linnean Society was mistakenly referred to as 
the type of G. bitolor by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 3 (1877) : 273. 

bicolor — Megabyas bicolor E\\\oiX,\%59 . . . .37 

Ibis, (1) 1 :394. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1859.6.28.10. 
Gaboon, West Africa. Purchased of Verreaux. 

bicolor — Merula bicolor Layard,lS7 6 . . .31 

Ibis, (3) 6 : 153. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1896.6.1.639. 
Kandavu, Fiji Islands, 30 Sept. 1875. Collected by Pearce. 
Seebohm Collection. 

Listed as type by Seebohm, Monograph of the Turdidae, 2 (1902) : 
103. The female syntype is also in the collection. 

bicolor — Saxicola bicolor Sykes, 1832 . . .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1832 : 92. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1880.1.1.884. Deccan, India. Collected by W. H. Sykes and 
presented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 

biddulphi — Podoces biddulphi Hume, 1 874 . .71 

Stray Feathers, 2 : 503. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1877. 

6.5.1. Maralbashi, Yarkand, 10 Jan. 1874. Collected by and 

purchased of J. Biddulph. From the Second Yarkand Expedition. 
bihe — /'n«/a_/7flv/ccf775^/7?^Boulton and Vincent, 1936 . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 57 : 7. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1931.12.21.94. Vouga, 5,800', Bihe, Central Angola, 11 Feb. 1931. 

Collected by Admiral H. Lynes and J. Vincent. Presented by 

Admiral H. Lynes. 



bistrigiceps 67 

bimaculata — Monarcha bimaculata G.R. Gray, IS60 . .38 

Proc. zool. Soc. London., 1860 : 352. Syntype, Adult (male, vide 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 (1879) : 420). Reg. no. 1860. 
2.4.34. Batchian, Moluccas. Collected by A. R. Wallace. Pur- 
chased of Stevens. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

bimaculatus — TurdusbimaculatusY{or%fiQ\d,\^l\ . .21 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 147. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1880.1.1.4743. Java. Collected by T. Horsfield and presented 
by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 
There is another syntype in the collection, in very bad condition. 

bimaensis — Dicrurus bimaensis Wallace, 1 863 . .64 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863:492. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1873.5.12.1954. Flores, 1862. Collected by A. R. Wallace, 
Wallace Collection. 

Wallace used a Temminck MS. name previously used by 
Bonaparte, Consp. Gen., 1 (1850) : 352, as a nomen nudum. Wallace's 
description was based on both Lombok and Flores specimens, but 
Sumbawa was included in the localities. Rensch, Mitteil. zool. 
Mus. Berlin, 17(1931) : 589 restricted the type locality to Flores and 
Sumbawa. Vaurie, Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist., 93 (4) (1949) : 297, 
considers that the name is valid for both Flores and Lombok birds 
but not for Sumbawa. In view of this, although one of the British 
Museum specimens Reg. no. 1873.5.12.1954., is marked on the 
label with the red stripe used by Wallace to denote key or type 
specimens, a specimen from Flores has been selected, although it 
appears a little small in size. 

binghami — Stachvris binghami Kx'ppon, \9QA . 32B 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 14 : 84. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1905. 
9.10.151. Mount Victoria, 5,000', South Chin Hills, Burma, 14 
March 1904. Collected and presented by G. Rippon. 

birchalli — Catharus birchalliSeehohm,l8Sl . .31 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 5 : 289. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1881.2.24.3. Oronoco Valley, mountains of north-east Venezuela 
(restricted to inland of Cumana by Hellmayr, Catalogue of Birds 
of the Americas, 1 (1934) : 474). Probably collected by Birchall, 
and received in exchange with H. Seebohm. 
The second syntype cannot be traced in the collection. 

birwae — Ptyonoprogneobsoletabirwae Bates, 1930 ... 18 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 51 : 48. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. on. 

1930.3.4.1. Kulikoro, French Sudan, 10 July 1928. Collected 
by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

bistrigiceps — Acroceplialus bistrigiceps Smnhoc, IS60 . .35 

Ms; (1) 2:51. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1898.9.1.1065. 
Amoy, China, 25 Oct. 1856. Collected by R. Swinhoe. Seebohm 
Collection. 



68 blakistoni 

This specimen was labelled as the type, and confirmed as the 
holotype by Swinhoe, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863 : 293. 

blakistoni — Anthus blakistoni Swinhoe, 1963 .19 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1863 : 90. Holotype, Adult female (tail 
incomplete). Reg. no. 1898.10.20.1123. Chin-kiang, 150 miles 
up the Yangtsze River, Feb. 1861. Collected by Capt. Blakiston. 
Seebohm Collection. 

blakistoni — Anmdinax blakistoni Swinhoe, 1876 . . .35 

Ibis, (3) 6 : 332. Holotype, ("Bird of the year", vide, Seebohm, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mtw., 5 (1881) : 114.) Reg. no. 1898.9.1.1333. 
Hokodadi, Northern Japan, (Oct. on label). Collected by J. 
Blakiston. Seebohm Collection. 

blakistoni — Chelidon blakistoni Swinhoe, 1862 . . . .18 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1862 : 320. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1898.10.20.55. Hakodadi, Japan, May. Collected by Capt. 
Blakiston. Seebohm Collection. 

blakistoni — Motacilla blakistoni Seehohm, ISS3 . . . .19 

Ibis, (5) 1 :91. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1898.10.20.399. 
Nikap, south Yezo, Japan, May. Collected by T. A. Blakiston. 
Seebohm Collection. 

blanchardi — Schoeniparus rufogularis blanchardi Delacour and 

Jabouille, 1928 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 48 : 132. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1928.6.26.8. Phuqui, 150 metres, north Annam, 23 Feb. 1928. 
Collected by J. Delacour and P. Jabouille on the Fourth Franco- 
British Expedition to Indochina. 

blanfordi — Cvrtostomus pectoralis blanfordi E. C. S. Baker, 1921 46 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 41 : 71. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1886.12.1.970. Kondol Island, Nicobars, (13 March 1873, on 
label). Collected by W. Davidson. Hume Collection. 

blanfordi — Dryinoeca blanfordi WaMen, IS7 5 . . .35 

in Blyth and Walden, Catalogue of mammals and birds of Burma, : 
118 (Published as an "extra number" of J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Aug. 
1875). Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1888.4.20.289. Tonghoo, 
Burma, (17 May 1874, on label). Collected by Lord Walden. 
Tweeddale Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

blanfordi — Laniarius blanfordi Sharpe, 1 882 . . .23 

in Layard, Birds of South Africa (new ed.) : 397. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1869.10.16.313. North-east Africa (Anseba Valley, 
4,000', Abyssinia, 5 Aug. 1868, on label). Collected by F. 
Blanford and presented by the Governor and Council of Bombay. 
Listed as type by Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 8 (1883) : 127. 



biythi 69 

blanfordi — Montifringillablanfordi Hume, 1876 . . . .61 

Stray feathers', 4 :4S7. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1887.6.1.392. 
Tibet, Sept. 1874. Collected for L. Mandelli. Hume Collection. 
Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 265. 
There are other syntypes in the collection. 

blanfordi — PsalidoprocneblanfordiB\\indQ\\a.ndho\dii,\%99 . 18 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 10 : 20. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1900.1.3.110. Bilo, Abyssinia, 4 March 1899 (in text; 11 March 
on label). Collected by H. W. Blundell and Lord Lovat. 

blanfordi — Pycnonotus blanfordi Jerdon, 1 862 . . . .21 
Ibis, (1) 4 : 20. Holotype, Adult (tailless). Reg. no. 1862.1.17.19. 
Thayetmyo, Upper Burma. Collected and presented by T. C. 
Jerdon. 

blanfordi — Sylvia blanfordi ^ttbo\\m,\%l% . . . . .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1 878 :979. Holotype, Adult (male, on label). 
Reg. no. 1869.10.16.85. Rairo Habab, 3,000', Eritrea, 13 August. 
Collected by W. T. Blanford. Presented by the Governor of 
Bombay, through W. T. Blanford. 

blanfordi — Tephrocorys blanfordi SheWey, 1902 . . . .17 

The Birds of Africa, 3 : 128, pi. 21. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1869.10.16.244. Senafe, 7,500', Tigre District, Abyssinia, 24 
Feb. 1868. Collected by W. T. Blanford and presented by the 
Governor and Council of Bombay. 

blissetti — Diaphorophyia blissetti Sharpe, 1872 . . . .37 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 10:451. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1872.10.26.40. Gold Coast, (Fantee, on label). Collected 
and presented by A. Swanzy. 

bloxami — Phytotoma bloxa>77i Jardine and Selby, \827 . . .11 
Illustration of Ornithology 1, pt. 1 : pi. 4. Holotype, Adult male 
(relaxed mount). Reg. no. (recently assigned) 1968.46.1. Val- 
paraiso, Chile. Collected by Lord Byron R.N. on the voyage of 
H.M.S. Blonde. Presented by the Admiralty. 

blundelli — Anaplectes blundelli Ogilvie-Grant, 1900 . . .61 

Ibis, (7) 6 : 132. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1900.1.3.118. 
Beni Schongul, Abyssinia, 3 May 1899. Collected by Lord Lovat. 
Presented by H. W. Blundell and Lord Lovat. 

h\ythi— Propasser biythi Biddulph, 1882 59 

Ibis, (4) 6:283, pi. 9. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897. 
12.10.792. Gilgit, 11,000', Kashmir, July 1876. Collected and 
presented by J. Biddulph. 
The female syntype is in the collection. 

[biythi]— 5" v/v/fl cwrrwca6/y//H' Ticehurst and Whistler, 1933 . . 35 
Ibis, (13) 3 : 556. Holotype ?, Adult male. Reg. no. 1891.9.1. 
101. Cawnpore, 17 Jan. 1876. Collected by W. E. Brook. 
Seebohm Bequest. 



70 bocagei 

The authors intended to designate a holotype but inadvertently 
made this a new name for Curruca affinis Blyth, 1845. The type 
would be invalid, vide. International Code Zool. Nomencl. (1961) : 
75, but application has been made for validation of the above 
holotype, vide Watson, Bull. Zool. Nomencl. 26 (1969) : 39-41. 

bocagei — Urobrachya bocagei Sharpe, 1871 . . .61 

Catalogue of African birds : 63. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
no. 1878.12.31.404. Huilla, Angola. Collected by J. Anchieta. 
Sharpe Collection. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 227, 
but there is another syntype in the collection. 

bocagii — Amaurocichia bocagii Sharpe, 1 892 .... ?35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1892 : 228, pi. 20. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1892.5.31.3. San Miguel, St. Thomas Island, West Africa. 
Collected by F. Newton. Presented by R. B. Sharpe. 

bocagii — Nectarinia bocagii Shelley, 1879 . . . . .46 

Monograph of the Nectariniidae, -.21, pi. 6. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1895.9.9.14. Caconda, Benguela (op. cit., p. 
xix). Collected by Anchieta. Shelley Collection, presented to him 
by Professor Barboza du Bocage of Lisbon. 

bogotensis — Anthusbogotensis P. L.SclatQr,lS55 . .19 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1855 : 109, pi. 101. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1844.5.15.114. Bogota. Sclater Collection. 

bohndorffi — Crateropus bolmdorffi Sharpe, IS84 . . . . 32B 

J. Linn. Soc. Lond., 17 : 422. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1884. 

5.1.26. Sassa, Nyam-Nyam country, Central Africa, Nov. 1882. 
Collected by and purchased of F. BohndorflF. 

boliviana — Chrysomitris boliviano Sharpe, 18SS . . . .59 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 : 220. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1846.9.9.123. Bolivia. Collected by and purchased of T. Bridges. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

boliviana — Culicivora bolivianaP. L. Sclater, \853 . .34 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1852 (publ. Nov. 1853) : 34, pi. 47. 
Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1884.5.15.211. Bolivia. Collec- 
ted by Bridges. Sclater Collection. 

Labelled as the type, and listed as such by Sclater, Catalogue of 
a collection of American birds, (1862) : 12. 

boliviana — Poospiza boliviana Sharpe, 1888 . . . .49 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 : 634, pi. 14. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1846.9.9.139. Bolivia. Collected and presented by T. Bridges. 

bolivianus — Basileuterus holivianus Sharpe, \%%5 . . .54 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 : 402. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.3.8.683. Yuyo, Bolivia. Collected by C. Buckley. Salvin- 
Godman Collection. 



borealis 7 1 

bolivianus — Saltator cayanus bolivianus Chuhh, 1921 .50 

Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (9) 8 : 445. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1902.3. 1 3.359. Chulumani, 2,000 m., Bolivia (57° W., 16° E., 
on label). 12 Jan. 1901. Collected by P. O. Simons. Purchased 
of Rosenberg. 

bonapartii — Poospiza bonapartii V. L. SdatQT, \S67 .49 

Proc. zool. Soc. LoncL, 1867 : 341, pi. 20. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1885.2.10.329. Lima, Peru, Jan. 1867. Collected by W. 
Nation. Sclater Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

bonapartii — Todopsis bonapartii G. R. Gray, 1859 . . .36 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loncl., 1859 : 156. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1858.3.10.54. Aru Islands, 1857. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 

Gray had previously, Proc. zool. Soc. Loncl., 1858 : 176, pi. 134. 
described the male syntype, which is also in the collection, under 
Quoy and Gaimard's name oCTodiis cyanocephalus, but subsequently 
redescribed it and included the description of the female. See 
also Gould, Birds of New Guinea 2, pt. 8 (1878) : pi. 22. 

boranensis — Argya avlmeri boranensis E^nson, \9A1 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 68 : 10. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1946.5.2055. 10 miles south of Yavello, south Abyssinia, 6 Aug. 
1941. Collected and presented by C. W. Benson. 

borbae — Thanmophilus borbae Pelzeln, 1869 ..... 4 
Zur Ornithologie Brasiliens, : 75, 140. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.9.20.27. Borba, Brazil, July 1830. Collected by J. 
Natterer. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as "authentic specimen" by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
15(1890) : 186. 

borealis — Cettia minuta borealis CampheU, \S92 . . . .35 
Ibis, (6) 4:235. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1898.9.1. 
1561. Chemulpo, Korea, 10 Sept. 1888. Collected by C. W. 
Campbell. Seebohm Collection. 

borealis — Cryptospiza borealis Percival, 1912 . . . .60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 27 : 76. Syntype, Adult male (immature, on 
label). Reg. no. 1912.2.6.1. Mt. Urguess, 7,000', north of Guasso 
Nyiro, Kenya, 25 Aug. 191 1. Collected for and presented by A. B. 
Percival. 

This is the authors selected male syntype. The selected female 
syntype is also in the collection. 

borealis — Troglodytes borealis Fhcher, 186\ .28 

J. Orn., 1861 : 14. A specimen in the collection, B.M. Reg. no. 
1894.6.6.1., a female presented by E. Hargitt, has generally been 
accepted as the type. The description, however, was published in 
January 1X61 and the specimen collected on 23 March 1861. 



72 borneana 

borneana — Chalcoparia singalensis borneana Kloss, 1921 . 46 

J. Fed. Malay States Mus., 10 : 209. Adult male. Reg. no. 1927. 
4.18.1006. Bukar, Samarahan, Sarawak, Borneo, 26 Oct. 1919. 
Collected for the Federated Malay States Museum. Presented 
by H. C. Robinson. 
The described female syntype is also in the collection. 

borneanum — Dicaeum minuUum borneanum Lonnberg, 1925 . 45 

Sarawak Mus. J., 3 : 2. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1925. 
9.10.3. Mount Murud. Rumah Tamabo Perak, North Sarawak, 
Borneo, Dec. 1923. Collected by E. Mjoberg. Presented by the 
Sarawak Museum. 

borneensis — Chlorura borneensis Sharpe, 1889 . . .60 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (6) 3 : 424. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.12.27.1. Kina Balu, 8,000', North-west Borneo, 12 Feb. 
1888. Collected by and purchased of J. Whitehead. 
The two other syntypes are also in the collection. 

borneensis — Eupetes macrocercus borneensis Robinson and Kloss, 

1921 32A 

J.F.M.S. Mus., 10 : 204. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1927. 
4.18.987. Samarahan, south Sarawak, 25 Nov. 1919. Collected 
by a Federated Malay States Museum collector and presented by 
H. C. Robinson. 

borneensis — Mirafra borneensis Swinhoe, 1871 . . .17 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 7 : 257. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1873.5.12.800. Banjermassing, south Borneo. Collected by J. 
Motley (not Wallace as stated in text). Wallace Collection. 

botterii — Zonotrichia botterii P. L. Sclater, 1 858 . .49 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1857 (publ. 1858) : 214. Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1855.2.10.486. Orizaba, southern Mexico. Collected 
by M. Botteri. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 
711. There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

boucardi — Fo/'m/c/vora ftowca/-^/ P. L. Scalter, 1858 ... 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 300. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1858.9.27.12. Acatepec, 10,000', Oaxaco State, Mexico, April 
1857. Collected by A. Boucard and purchased of A. Salle. 

There are two other syntypes in the collection; only these two were 
listed as types by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 255. 

boucardi — Zonotrichia boucardi Y'.L. Sclater, \S61 . . .49 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1867 : 1, pi. 1. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.2.10.488. La Peubla, Mexico. Collected by A Boucard. 
Sclater Collection. 

This is the figured specimen, and was listed as the type by Sharpe, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 714. There are several other 
syntypes in the collection. 



brachypus 73 

bourdilloni — Alcippe bourclilloni Hume, 18,76 . 32B 

Stray Feathers, 4 : 485. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886. 
10.1.6531. Mynall, Travancore, India, 9 Feb. 1875. Collected 
by F. Bourdillon. Hume Collection. 

bourdilloni — Merula bourdilloni Seebohm, 1881. . . .31 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 5:251, pi. 15. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1880.8.19.202. Travancore (Colathorpolay, Patnas, on 
label), 17 April 1880. Collected by and purchased of F. Bourdillon. 

bouruensis — Rhipidura bouniensis Wallace, 1863 . . 37A 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863 : 29. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1873.5.12.461. Bouru Island, Molucca Group, 1861. Col- 
lected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

The author marked the label of this specimen in red, but there are 
other syntypes in the collection. 

bouruensis — Tropidorhynchus bouruensis Wallace, 1863 . . 48 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863 : 19, 31. Syntype, Adult (female, 
vide Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 9 (1884) : 276). Reg. no. 1873. 
5.12.1021. Bouru Island, Molucca Group, 1861. Collected by 
A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

Listed as the type by Gadow, op. cit. There is another syntype 
in the collection. 

bouvieri — Cinnyris bouvieri Shelley, 1817 . .46 

Monograph of the Nectariniidae: 227, pi. 70. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1895.5.1.2529. Landana, Congo, 30 June 1876. Col- 
lected by Petit. Shelley Collection. 

The female syntype cannot be traced, although it was received and 
registered with the male. 

brachyptera — Drymoeca brachyptera Sharpe, 1870 . . .35 

Ibis, (2) 6 : 476, pi. 14. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1876.5.23.259. 
Volta River, Gold Coast Colony. Collected by Governor Ussher. 
Sharpe Collection. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

brachypterus — Turdus brachypterus Latham, 1801 .36 

Inde.x Ornithologicus, Suppl.: xliii. ?Holotype, Water-colour 
drawing. New South Wales. No. 154 in Watling, Original 
water-colour drawings . . . Library of the Zoology Department, 
British Museum (Natural History). Vide Sharpe, Hist. Coll. 
Brit. Mus.; 2 (1906) : 137. 

Vol. 2, no. 32 in Lambert drawings, in library at Knowsley, 
Lancashire (see introduction to this catalogue vol. 2). See also 
Mathews, Birds of Australia 10 (1923) : 151. 

hTzchy\t\\%~Fregilus graculus war. brachypus StWmhoe, 187 \ 71 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1871 : 383. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1897.6.1.387. China (Shaching, north of Pckin, 21 Sept. 1868, 
on label). Seebohm Collection. 

There are other syntypes in the collection. 



74 brachytarsus 

brachytarsus — Empichnax brachytarsus P. L. Sciatev, IS59 . 9 

Ibis. (1) 1 :441. Syntype, Adult (female, vide Sclater, Cat. Bds, 
Brit. Mas., 14 (1888): 241), Reg. no. 1888.1.13.1030. Cordova, 
Mexico. Collected by A. Salle. Sclater Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

brachyurus — Tvranneutes brachyurus P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1881 8 

Ibis, (4) 5 :'269. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1888.1.20.196. 
Bartica Grove, British Guiana, 31 Dec. 1880. Collected by H. 
Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

This is the authors' selected male. The selected female and 
another female syntype are also in the collection. 

bractiatus — Cinnvris chalybeiis bractiatiis Vincent, \933 . . . 46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 53 : 146. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1898.5.2.32. Fort Chiquaqua, Mashonaland, Portuguese East 
Africa, 30 Aug. 1897. Collected by and purchased of J. L. 
Sowerby. 

bradshawi — Alaemon bradshawi Sharpe, 1904 . . . .17 

Ibis, (8) 4:361. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1882.9.21.11. 
Upington, Orange River, 19 April 1882. Collected and presented 
by Dr Bradshaw. 
The two other syntypes are in the collection. 

bradshawi — Citmvris bradshawi Shax^^Q, \^9% . . . .46 

Ibis, (7) 4 : 137. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897.10.31.9. 
Witu, Kenya, 16 June 1891. Collected and presented by F. J. 
Jackson. 

brauni — Laniarius hiehderi brauni Bannerman, 1939 . . .23 

Ibis, (14) 3 :748, pi. 16. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1939. 
8.4.1. Quicolungo, Angola, 11 April 1939 (8°27' S., 15°17' E., 
fide B. P. Hall, MS). Collected by R. H. Braun on behalf of the 
British Museum (Natural History). 

brauniana — Chaptia brauniana Swinhoe, 1863 . .64 

Ibis, (1) 5:269. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1864.11.30.43. 
Formosa. Collected by R. Swinhoe. Purchased of Verreaux. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

brenchleyi — Rhipidura brenchleyi Sharpe, \S19 . . 37A 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4:311. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1870.3.31.133. Aneitum, New Hebrides, August 1865. Collected 
and presented by J. Brenchley. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

brevicauda — Cittocincla brevicauda OgxWxe-Grani, \%99 . 31 

Ibis, (7) 5 : 584. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1900.1.2.63. 
Five Finger Mountains, interior Hainan, 20 May 1899. Collected 
by J. Whitehead and purchased of E. Gerrard. 



brevirostris 75 

brevicauda — Muscicapa brevicauda OgiWie-Grant, 1907 . 37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 19 : 107. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1907.6.26.206. (Pontheirville, on label), 2,000', Upper Congo, 
21 Feb. 1907. Collected by and purchased of D. Carruthers. 

brevicaudata — Hinindo brevicaudata McClelland, 1840 . . 18 

in Horsfield, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1839 (publ. 1840) : 156. Holo- 
type, Adult. Reg. no. 1879.11.28.447. Assam. Collected by J. 
McClelland and presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 

brevicaudus — Lamprotornis brevicaudus Sharpe, 1 897 . . .62 

Bull. Brit. orn. CI., 6 : 48. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1897.10.31.3. Elgeyu (3,700', Rift Valley, Kenya, on label), 15 
Aug. 1896. Collected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

brevipennis — Neochloe brevipennis V.'L.S)C\diiQr,\2>5% . . .56 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1857 (publ. 1858) : 213. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1857.8.14.2. Orizaba, Vera Cruz, Mexico, 8 Oct. 1856. 
Collected by M. Botteri. Purchased of S. Stevens. 

brevipes — Petrocincla brevipes Waterhouse, 1838 . . .31 

in J. E. Alexander, An Expedition of Discovery into the Interior of 
Africa, 2 : 263. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1838.4.16.134. South 
of Tans Mountain (now Gamsberg), Damaraland, 23°30' S., 16°20' 
E., 19 May 1837. Collected by J. E. Alexander and purchased 
through S. Stevens. 

brevirostris — Bathyrhynchus brevirostris McClelland, 1838 . . 33 

India Review, 2 : 513. Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. 

no. 1880.1.1.4383. Assam. Collected by J. McClelland and 
presented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 

brevirostris — Linota brevirostris Bondip!iXit,\%55 . . . .59 

C. r. Acad. Sci. Paris, 41 (publ. Oct. 1855) : 65, 614. (Moore's 
description in Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1855 : 216, was not published 
until February 1856.) Syntype, Adult male, Reg. no. 1881.5.1. 
2070. Erzeroum. (Thought to be collected by E. D. Dickson and 
H. J. Ross but this cannot be confirmed.) Gould Collection. 

Bonaparte used a Gould MS name. An early label is marked 
"for descr. of this bird see Bonap. Review of Gray's Gen. and sub. 
gen. in B. M. 4 to paper p. 9". (The latter is a reprint of the above 
C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris.) 

brevirostris — Meliphaga (Melithreptus) brevirostris Vigors and 

Horsfield, 1827 48 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15 : 315. Holotype, Immature (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1863.7.7.66. Sydney, New South Wales. Col- 
lected by G. Caley. Presented by the Linnean Society of London as 
the type. 



76 brevirostris 

brevirostris — Nectarinia (Arac/wechthra) brevirostris Blanford, 
1873 46 

Ibis, (3) 3:86. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1874.11.23.50. 

Baluchistan, (Bampur, 2000', 5 April 1872, on label). Collected 

by W. T. Blanford. Received in exchange from the Indian Museum, 

Calcutta. 

The first British Museum label was inscribed "type" but this was 

later deleted. A female syntype is also in the collection. 

brevirostris — Pedilorhynchus brevirostris Bates, 1909 . . .37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 25 : 28. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1911.4.27.7. Assobam, 2,000', Bumba River, Cameroon, 8 Dec. 
1908. Collected and presented by G. L. Bates. 

brevirostris — Pomatorhinus tickelli brevirostris Robinson and Kloss, 

1919 32B 

Ibis, (11) 1 : 578. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919.12.20. 

277. Trang Bom, Cochin China, 5 June 1918. Collected and 

presented by C. B. Kloss. 

This is the authors' selected male. Their selected female syntype 

is also in the collection. 

brevivexilla — f/rocma 6rev/vex/7/fl Swinhoe, 1873 .71 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1873 : 688. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1897.6.1.221. Western hills of Pekin. Collected by Carles. 
Seebohm Collection. 

bridges! — Thamnopliilus bridgesi P. L. Sdater, \856 ... 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1856 : 141. Holotype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1856.9.4.11. David, Chiriqui, Veragua. Col- 
lected by T. Bridges and purchased of Verreaux. 

bridgesi — Upucerthia bridgesi P. L. Sdater, IS89 ... 3 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 18S9 : 32. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1846.9.9.63. Bolivia. Collected l3y and purchased of T. 
Bridges. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

bridgesii — Nasica bridgesii Eyton, 1 849 ..... 2 
in Jardine, Contributions to Ornithology, 1849 : 130, pi. 25. 
Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1881.2.18.202. Bolivia (incorrect, 
Argentine vide Hellmayr, Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 4 
(1925) : 349). Collected by T. Bridges. Eyton Collection; pur- 
chased of E. Gerrard. 

Listed as type by P. L. Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) 
: 157. 

britannica — Sitta europaea britannica Hartert, 1900 . . .43 
Novit. Zool., 1 : 526. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1936. 
10.15.6. Tring Park, Hertfordshire, England, 13 Oct. 1900. 
Collected by E. Hartert. Presented by the American Museum of 
Natural History, from the Rothschild Collection. 



brunnea 77 

britannicus — Acanthis cardiielis britaimicus Hartert, 1903 . 59 

Vogel der Palaarktishen Fauna, 1 : 68. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1936.10.15.14. Rottingdean, Sussex, England, April 
1902. Collected for Brazenor, Naturalists, of Brighton. Pre- 
sented by the American Museum of Natural History, New York; 
from the Rothschild Collection. 

brookei — Eurylaimus javanicus brookei Robinson and Kloss, 1919 1 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 40 : 15. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919. 
11.5.15. Ulu Paku, Saribas, southwest Sarawak, 25 Nov. 1916. 
Collected by a native for H. C. Robinson and C. B. Kloss and 
presented by the Federated Malay States Museum. Kuala Lumpur. 
The female syntype is in the collection. 

brooki — Automolus brooki Chuhh, 1916 ..... 3 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 36 : 47. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1916.8.24.63. Gualea, west Ecuador, July 1914. Collected by 
W. Goodfellow and presented by E. J. Brook. 

brooksi — Pliylloscopus brooksi Hume, 1874 35 

Stray Feathers, 2 : 505. Syntype, Adult (later identified as male). 
Reg. no. 1886.7.8.1913. Pahpoon, Northern Tenasserim, Burma, 
24 Dec. 1873. Collected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 

The second syntype, now identified as female, came to the col- 
lection with the Seebohm Collection. 

brownii — Mfl/Mnw^roumV Vigors and Horsfield, 1827 . .36 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Loncl., 15:223. Holotype, Adult male (re- 
laxed mount). Reg. no. 1863.7.7.23. Thirsty Sound, South 
Queensland, Australia, Sept. 1802. Collected by J. Brown. Pre- /^^ 
sented as the type by the Linnean Society of London. 
The specimen has now lost the tail. 

brucei — Alcippe brucei Hume, IS70 32B 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 39, pt. 2 : 122. Syntype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1886.10.1.6445. Mahabaleshwar, India, 18 May 1868. 
Collected by the Rev. H. Bruce. Hume Collection. 
The other syntype is also in the collection. 

brunnea — A Icippe brunnea Gou\d, \S62 32B 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1862:280. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1863.4.16.12. Formosa. Collected by R. Swinhoe and purchased 
of Stevens. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

brunnea — Larvivora brunnea Uodgson, l^ll . .31 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 6 (I) : 102. Syntype, (female, vide Seebohm, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 5 (1881) : 303). Reg. no. 1843.1.13.361. 
Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
Listed as type by Seebohm, loc. cit. 



7 



78 brunnea 

brunnea — Pachycepliala brunnea WaWacQ, 1865 . . . .39 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1865 : 478. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1873.5.12.546. Banda Island, Moluccas, 1859. Collected by 
A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

The specimen is labelled as the type, and listed as the type by 
Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mits., 8 (1883) : 213, who has confused the 
locality with that of the second syntype, a female from Salwatty, 
which is also in the collection. 

brunnea — Synalla.xis brunnea Gou]d, 1839 ..... 3 
Zoology of the Voyage of H. M.S. ''Beag/e'\ 3, Birds : 78. HOLO- 
TYPE, (pullus, vide Hellmayr, Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 
4 (1925) : 134). Reg. no. 1855.12.19.99. Port Desire, Patagonia. 
Collected by Charles Darwin, and purchased of the Zoological 
Society of London. 
A misprint stated the tail to be only f " long. 

brunneicauda — Minia brunneicauda Sharpe, 1 883 .... 32B 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 : 609. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1881. 
5.1.336. Khasia Hills, Assam. Collected by T. C. Jerdon. Gould 
Collection. 

brunneiceps — BrachvpteryxbrunneicepsOg\\\\Q-GxdiX\\.,\%96 . 31 

Ibis, (7) 2 : 547. ' Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1897.5.13.430. 
Canloon Volcano, Negros, Philippines, 14 April 1896. Collected 
by J. Whitehead and presented by the subscribers to his ex- 
pedition. 

A male syntype marked "type of male" by the author, is in the 
American Museum of Natural History, vide Hartert, A^ov/7 Zool., 
11 (1920) :479. 

brunneiceps — Cistothor us brunneiceps 'S)2\m\xs.,\%%\ . .28 

Ibis, (4) 5 : 129, pi. 3. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1885.3.6.487. 
Sical, 7,000', 20 miles south-east of Cuenca, Ecuador. Collected 
by C. Buckley. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

brunneiceps — Hylophilus brunneiceps P. L.Sclater,lS66 . . 56 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1866 : 322. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1886.9.15.311. (Rio Vaupe, Upper Rio Negro, north-west 
Brazil, vide Sclater, Ibis, (4) 5 (1881) : 306), (20 July 1831, on label). 
Collected by J. Natterer. Sclater Collection; received by him in 
exchange with the Vienna Museum. 

brunneiceps — Lagonosticta brunneiceps Sharpe, 1 890 . .60 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 : 277. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1877.7.11.350. Maragaz, Eritrea, 27 July. Collected by W. 
Jesse on the Zoological Society Abyssinian Expedition. Sharpe 
Collection. 

This specimen was labelled as the type by the author and listed 
as such by Shelley, Birds of Africa 4 (1905) : 258, but there are several 
other syntypes in the collection. 



brunnescens 79 

brunneiceps — Munia brunneiceps 'Walden, 1872 . . .60 

Trans, zool. Soc. Lond., 8 : 73, pi. 9. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 

no. 1873.5.12.114. Makassar, Celebes, (1856, on label). Col- 
lected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

brunneiceps — Yuhina brunneiceps Og\Wi&-Gx2Lni, 1906 . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 16 : 121. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1907.12.12.73. Racu Racu, 6,000', Mount Morrison, central 
Formosa, Feb. 1906. Collected by and purchased of W. 
Goodfellow. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

brunneicollis — Troglodytes brunneicollis P. L. Sdater, 1858 28 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 297. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1858.9.27.2. Parada, 10,000', Oaxaca, Mexico, Dec. 1857. 
Collected by A. Boucard for A. Salle and purchased of the latter. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

brunneipectus — Pseudogerygone brunneipecius Sharpe, 1819 36 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4:221. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1878.11.12.7. Aru Islands, (1866, on label). Collected for Von 
Rosenberg. Presented by Leiden Museum. 

Although only one specimen came to the collection the author 
evidently saw others. 

brunneiventris — Chlorwabrunneiventris Og\\v\t-Grani,\89A 60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 3 : 50. Syntype, Adult (male, on label). Reg. 
no. 1897.5.13.52. North-west Luzon, (La Trinadad, Benguet 
district, 18 Feb. 1894, on label). Collected by J. Whitehead. Pre- 
sented by the subscribers to the Whitehead Expedition. 
A female syntype is also in the collection. 

brunnescens — Aplonis brunnescens Sharpe, 1 890 .62 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 : 132. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1878. 
1.19.36. Savage Island, central Polynesia. Collected by the 
Rev. S. J. Whitmee. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

brunnescens — Cyptwrhinus brunnescens ^\\axpt,\88\ .28 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 6 : 293. Holotype, Adult male (immature, 
vide Hellmayr, Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 1 (1934) : 292). 
Reg. no. 1885.3.6.166. Remedios, Cauca Valley, Antioquia. Col- 
lected by T. K. Salmon. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

brunnescens — Herpornis brunnescens Sharpe, 1876 . . 32B 

Ibis, (3) 6 :41. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1873.5.12.955. 
Sarawak, Borneo, 1854. Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace 
Collection. 

brunnescens — Horeites brunnescens Hume, 1872 . .35 

Ms, (3) 2 : 109. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1886.7.8.2185. 
Darjeeling, India. Collected by Gammie. Hume Collection. 



80 brunnescens 

brunnescens — Lalage nigra brunnescens E. C. S. Baker, 1923 20 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 44 : 13. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1886.4.1.941. Klang, Selangor, Malay Peninsula, 11 Oct. 1879. 
Collected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 

brunnescens — Margarornis brunnescens V. L. Sclatcr, 1856 . 3 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1856 : 27, pi. 116. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1889.5.20.450. Bogota, Colombia. Sclater Collection; ob- 
tained by Sclater from Verreaux. 

brunnescens — Pipilo torquatus brunnescens Van Rossem, 1938 . 49 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 58 : 131. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1899.2.1.3845. Totontepec, Oaxaca, Mexico, Feb. 1889. Col- 
lected by M. Trujillo. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

brunneus — Dasyornis 1 brunneus Gou\d, 1837. .... 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1837 : 150. Holotype, (Immature). Reg. 
no. 1854.12.20.26a. Australia (South America, vide P. L. Sclater, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 44). Purchased of J. Gould. 

brunneus — Dromaeocercus brunneus Sharpe, 1877 .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1877 : 23, pi. 2. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1876.11.1.1. Near Antananarivo, Madagascar. Collected by 
A. Kingdon. Presented by A. Peckover who received it from the 
collector. 

brunneus — Sclerurus brunneus P. L. Sclater, 1857. ... 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1857 : 17. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.5.20.426. Bogota, Colombia, 1856. Collected by Bell. 
Sclater Collection. 

brunnifrons — Orthotomus(Prinia)brunnifrons Hodgson, 1845 . 35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1845:29. There is no evidence that 
Hodgson's specimens in the collection can be considered as types or 
syntypes although listed as such by Seebohm, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
5(1881) : 145. 

buaensis — Ptilotis procerior buaensisWlglesv/ovth, 1891 . .48 

Abh. Ber. k. zool. anthrop. - etlin. Mus. Dresden, 6 : 34. Syntype, 
Adult (female, on label). Reg. no. 1878.1.19.33. Bua, Vanua 
Levu, Fijis. Collected by E. L. Layard. Presented, possibly by the 
Rev. J. Whitmore. 

Wiglesworth used a Layard MS. name. This is the syntype 
labelled 'f. buenis' referred to in the description, but the measure- 
ments are smaller than those given. 

buchanani — Prinia buchanani B\yih, \8AA . . . .35 

J. Asiat. Soc, Bengal, 13 : 376. New name for P. rufifrons Jerdon, 
1840 (^.v.), on the grounds of its preoccupation by P. rufifrons 
Ruppell, 1835. Sclater, Ibis, (6) 4 (1892) : 79, stated that the type 
of P. buchanani is in Calcutta but since it is only a new name the 
original syntypical specimens are valid. 



bulliens 8 1 

buchenorum — Cinnyn's sovimangabuchenorumWiWiams, 1953 . . 46 
Ibis, 95 : 502, pi. 5. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1952.50.1. 
Menai Island, Cosmoledo Islands, Aldabra Archipelago, Indian 
Ocean, 15 April 1952. Collected and presented by D. Vesey- 
Fitzgerald. 

buckleyi — Calandrellabuckleyi Shelley, IS73 . .17 

Ibis, (3) 3 : 142. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1889.9.13.139. 
Accra, Gold Coast. Collected by T. E. Buckley. Shelley Col- 
lection. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 13 (1890) : 599. 

buckleyi — Ptilochloris buckleyi P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1 880 7 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1880 : 158, pi. 16. Syntype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1888.1.20.336. Pindo, eastern Ecuador. Collected by C. 
Buckley. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

The immature syntype is also in the collection. 

buckleyi — r/7_>'/'a Z)wc^/e>'/ Salvin and Godman, 1890 ... 7 
Biol Centr.-Amer., Aves, 2 : 120. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.20.403. Yanayacu, eastern Ecuador (1877, on label). 
Collected by C. Buckley. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

buddae — Turdus menda buddae R. and A. Meinertzhagen, 1926 31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 46 : 98. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1927.1.10.171. Chu Nallah, 14,000', Gyangtse, southern Tibet, 
15 Dec. 1925. Collected and presented by F. Ludlow. 

buensis — MyiolestesbuensisLayard,lS76 . .39 

Ibis, (3) 6 : 145. There are several specimens from Bua Island, off 
Vanua Levu, Fiji Islands, in the collection and Mayr, Amer. Mus. 
Novit., 628 (1933) : 9 regarded all such specimens as syntypes. The 
above specimens were not collected until late April 1876 and since 
the description appeared in the April 1876 number of the Ibis it 
seems improbable that they were available at the time. 

bufroni—Po//o/7///o6i/#o/7/ P. L. Sclater, 1861 .34 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 : 127. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1884.5.15.213. Cayenne. Collected for Verreaux. Sclater 
Collection. 

Listed as the type by Hellmayr, Catalogue of birds of the Americas 
7 (1934) : 496. A second syntype is in the collection. 

bulgeri — Rhipidura bulgeri Layard, IS77 .... . 37A 

Ibis, (4) I : 361 . Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1893.7.8.5. 
Ansevata, New Caledonia, 2 Feb. 1877. Collected by E. L. Layard. 
Received from P. L. Sclater in exchange. 

bulliens — Cisticola bulliens Lynes, 1930 .35 

Ibis, (12) 6 [supplement : 315, pi. 11. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1928.10.25.2. Lobito Bay, Angola, 4 March 1928. Collected 
by Admiral H. Lynes and B. B. Osmaston. Presented by Admiral 
H. Lynes. 



82 bulomachus 

bulomachus — Suthora bulomachus Swinhoe, 1866 . . . .33 

Ibis, (2) 2 : 300, pi. 9. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1898.10.3.673. 
Formosa, 7 Dec. 1865. Seebohm Bequest. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

bulubulu — Cisticola textrix bulubuluLynes,\93\ . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 52 : 7. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1931.10.8.3. Bihe, 5,800', Central-western Angola, 12 Feb. 1931. 
Collected by Admiral H. Lynes and J. Vincent. Presented by Ad- 
miral H. Lynes. 

bungurense — Piprisoma agile bungwense Chasen, 1934 . .45 

Bull. Raffles Mus. 9 : 96. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1947. 
60.65. Bungurum, North Natuna Islands, South China Seas, 
7 Sept. 1928. Collected by F. N. Chasen. Presented by the 
Raffles Museum, Singapore. 

burmae — Tchitrea affinis burmae Salomonsen, 1933 . . .38 

Ibis, (13) 3 : 736. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1909.4.7.84. 
Kani, Lower Chindwin, Burma, 9 May 1905. Collected and pur- 
chased by A. Mears. 

burmanica — Estrelda burmanica Hume, IS76 . . .60 

Stray Feathers 4 : 336, 484. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1887.7.1.2584. Elephant Point, Hanthawady, Rangoon, Burma, 
1 Jan. 1876. Collected by J. Armstrong. Hume Collection. 

burmanica — Leucocerca burmanica Hume, 1881 . . . 37A 

Stray Feathers, 9 : 175 (note). Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1886. 
4.1.2816. Thoungyeen, Tenasserim, 27 Aug. 1879. Collected by 
C. T. Bingham. Hume Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

burmanica — Prinia inornata burmanica Harington, 1913 . . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 31 :111. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1913.6.14.2. Mandalay, Upper Burma, 27 June 1911. Collected 
and presented by H. H. Harington. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

burmanica — Saxicola caprata burmanica E.C.S. Baker, 1923 . . 31 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 43 : 19. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1886.4.1.1492. Pegu, Burma. Collected by E. W. Gates. Hume 
Collection. 

burmanicus — Criniger burmanicus Oates, \889 . .21 

Fauna of British India; Birds, I -.256. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1886.9.1.1459. Meetan, Burma, 11 Feb. 1877. Collected by 
W. Davison. Hume Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

burmanicus — Phylloscopus burmanicus Brooks, IS80 .35 

Stray Feathers, 9 : 272. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1898. 



butler i 83 

9.1.879. Pegu, Burma, 15 Nov. 1877. Collected by E. W. Gates. 
Seebohm Collection. 

One wing of the specimen is missing. The second syntype is also 
in the collection. 

burmanicus — Pycnonotus burmanicus Sharpe, 1881 . . .21 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 6 : 125. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1863.5.15.83. Pegu, 1862. Collected and presented by W. T. 
Blanford. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

burmannica — Sturnia bunnannica Jerdon, IS62 .62 

Ibis, (1) 4 :21. Holotype, Adult (female, vide Sharpe, Cat Bds. 
Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 46). Reg. no. 1862.1.17.16. Near Thay- 
etmya. Upper Burma. Collected and presented by T. C. Jerdon. 

burtoni — Strobilophaga burtoni G.R. Gray, 1862 . . .59 

Ann. Mag. not. Hist., (3) 10 : 445. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1862.12.1.17. Cameroon Mountains, 7,000', West Africa. Col- 
lected by R. Burton. Presented by Mrs Burton. 

buruenis— Zo^/ero/Ji'^M/'MewmSalvadori, 1878 .47 

Ann. Mus. civ. Stor. nat. Giacomo Doria, 12:341. Holotype, 
Adult female. Reg. no. 1873.5.12.910 Bouru Island, South-west 
Pacific, 1861. Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

buryi — ParisomaburyiO%\W\Q-Gxa.ni,\9\2) . . . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 31 : 87. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1913. 

7.18.6. Menacha, 7,000', Yemen, South Arabia, 6 Jan. 1913. 
Collected by and purchased of G. W. Bury. 

buryi — 5co/ocerca /?Mr>'/Ogilvie-Grant, 1902 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 13 : 22. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1903.8.12.20. Dthubiyat, Upper Haushabi, Southern Arabia, 
(26 Aug. on label). Collected by and purchased of G. W. Bury. 

butleri — AnomalospizabutleriV^.L.Sc\ateTandY'raed,\9lS 61 

Ibis, (10) 6 :460. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1915.12.24. 
1781. Kajo Kaji, Lado Enclave, Sudan, 8 April 1915. Collected 
and presented by A. L. Butler. 

butleri — Cinnyris osea butleri W. L. Sclater and Mackworth-Praed, 

1918 46 

Ibis, (10) 6 : 619. Syntype, Adult, male, Reg. no. 1915.12.24.2345. 
Kajo Kaji, Lado Enclave, Sudan, March 1915. Collected and 
presented by A. L. Butler. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

butleri — C/5//co/a 6w//e/7 Ogilvie-Grant, 1907 .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 21 : 17. Holotype, Adult male? Reg. no. 
1916.9.20.1157. Chak Chak, Bahr-el-Gazal Province, Sudan, (17 
Feb. 1907, on label). Collected and presented by A. L. Butler. 



84 butleri 

butleri — Lagonosticta butleri OgiWie-Grant, 1907 . . .60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 21 : 16. Syntype, Female (immature, vide, 
Sclater and Mackworth-Praed, Ibis, (10) 6 (1918): 446). Reg. 
no. 1907.11.21.2. Chak-Chak, Bahr-EI-Gazal, Sudan, (17 Feb. 
Feb. 1907, on label). Collected and presented by A. L. Butler. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

buttikoferi — Rhipidura buttikoferi Sharpe, 1 892 .... 37A 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 1:18. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1892. 
4.4.5. Dammar Island, Banda Sea, South-west Pacific, Nov. 1891. 
Collected by P. W. Bassett Smith on the voyage of H. M.S. Penguin. 
Presented by the Admiralty. 

buxtoni — Brachyptery.xbuxtoni Tweedda\e,lS77 . . 32B 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1877 : 367. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.4.20.1270. District of Lampong, south-east Sumatra, 1876. 
Collected by E. C. Buxton. Tweeddale Collection. 

buxtoni — Crateropus bu.xtoni Sharpe, \S9l .... . 32B 

Ibis, (6) 3 :445. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1893.12.1.29. 
Turquel, Siik District, East Africa, 27 Jan. 1890. Collected and 
presented by F. J. Jackson. 

buxtoni — Zo.<;terops buxtoni Nicholson, IS79 . . . .47 

Ibis, (4) 3 : 167. This is a new name for Zosterops lateralis 
Hartlaub, 1865, on the grounds of its preoccupation by Z. lateralis 
Latham, 1801. The type was Hautlaub's and the Nicholson speci- 
men listed as the type by Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 9 (1884) : 163, 
has no type status. See also Mees, Zool. Verb., Leiden 35 (1957) : 80. 

byronensis — Drepanis byronensis ]. ^. Gray, \^29 . .55 

in Griffith's Animal Kingdom, Avesl : pi. opposite p. 390. Syntype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. Old Vellum Catalogue 26, no. 55a. Sand- 
wich Islands. Collected by A. Bloxham. Presented by Lord 
Byron, R.N. 

Nectarinia byronensis Bloxham, 1826, is a nomen nudum. Listed 
as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 (1885) : 9. Although 
the text refers to "a specimen" there would appear to be several 
syntypes. 

cabanisi — Pyrgisoma cabanisi P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1 868 . . 49 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1868 : 324. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.2.10.590. San Jose, Costa Rica. Collected by Hoffman. 
Sclater Collection. 

Listed as the type by Hellmayr and Conover, Catalogue of birds 
of the Americas, 11 (1938) : 472. The specimen collected by J. 
Carmiol and listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 
(1888) : 735, is not a syntype. 



caeruleocephala 85 

cabrerae — Parus ater cabrarae Witherby, 1928 . . .42 

Ibis, (12) 4 :433. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1928.10.7.1. 

Cercedilla, 5,000', Sierra de Guadarrama, Spain, 14 Oct. 1922. 
Collected and presented by H. F. Witherby. 

cacabata — Muscicapa sibirica cacabata. See appendix, Corrections 
and Additions, vol. 2 . . . .37 

cacharensis — Accentor cacharensis Hodgson, 1845 . . .30 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1845 : 34. ?Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1845.1.9.696. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
There are several other specimens in the collection which may be 
syntypes. 

cacharensis — Neornis cacharensis Hodgson, 1845 .35 

in Blyth, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 14 : 590. ?Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1845.1.9.473. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. 
Hodgson. 

The specimen was labelled as the type in an unknown hand. 
Listed as the type by Seebohm, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 5(1881) : 138. 

caerebicolor — DacmscaerebicolorV.h.'S>c\2iier,\%5\ . . .51 
in Jardine, Contributions to Ornithology : 106. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1884.7.31.85. (Bogota^ on label), Colombia, 1851. 
Collected for Argent. Sclater Collection. 

caerulatus — Cinclosoma caerulatus Hodgson, 1836 . . . 32B 
Asiat. Res., 19 : 147. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 
1843.1.13.570. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

caerulea — Myiothera caerulea Raffles, 1 822 . . . . .12 
Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 301. Syntype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4511. Sumatra. Collected by Sir 
T. S. Raffles. Presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 

A female syntype from the Museum of the Zoological Society 
of London is also in the collection. 

caerulea — Urocissa caerulea Gould, ]862. . . . .71 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1862:282. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1863.2.16.3. Northern Formosa, April 1862. Collected by R. 
Swinhoe. Purchased of S. Stevens. Swinhoe Collection. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

caeruleocephala — Muscicapa caeruleocephala Sykes, 1832 . 37 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1832 : 85. Syntype, Adult, (female, vide, 
Horsfield and Moore, Catalogue of birds in the mu.seum of the East 
India Company (1854) : 138) (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1. 
2079. Deccan, India. Collected by W. H. Sykes. Presented by 
the Honourable East India Company Museum. 



86 caeruleogrisea 

Renamed Hypothymis azurea sykesi E. C. S. Baker, 1920, on the 
grounds of preoccupation by M. caeruleocephala Scopoli, 1786. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

caeruleogrisea — Canipephaga caeruleogrisea G. R. Gray, 1858 . 20 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 179. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1873.5.12.1821. Aru Islands, 1857. Collected by A. R. 
Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

caerulescens — Butalis caendescens Hartlaub, 1865 . .37 

Ibis, (2) 1 :267. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1868.2.21.1. 
Natal. Collected by T. Ayres. Presented by J. H. Gurney. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 4 (1879) : 155, 
but a female, in the possession of Gurney, was also referred to in the 
description. 

caerulescens — Diglossopis caerulescens P. L. Sclater, 1856 . . 51 
Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (2) 17 : 467. The author indicates that the 
description is based on specimens seen in Bremen and Paris. The 
Salle specimen listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
11 (1886) : 12, has no type status. 

caeruleus — Phoenicura caeruleus Hodgson, MS . . . .31 

MS drawings of Birds of Nepal : pi. 75, no. 475. 

A specimen in the collection was listed as type by Seebohm, Cat. 
Bds. Brit. Mas., 5 (1881) : 354, but it has no status. 

caerulirostrls — Chrvsomitridops caerulirostris S. B. Wilson, 1890 . 55 
Proc. zool. Soc ^ Lond., 1889 (publ. 1890) : 445. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1898.10.20.22. Kauai, (Waimea, 3,000 ft., vide 
Wilson and Evans, Aves Hawaiiensis, (1890) : 59), Sandwich 
Islands, Sept. (error for Oct. ?) 1888. Collected and presented by 
S. B. Wilson. 

Wilson states that his first specimens were collected in October 
1888, but this and a female specimen are labelled "sp. n.", and to- 
gether with three specimens in the University Museum of Zoology, 
Cambridge, were collected in September 1888 according to the 
specimen labels. They would appear to be syntypes. Wilson also 
states that some specimens preserved in spirit were lost during his 
journey to England. 

caesar — Poospiza caesar P. L. Sclater and Salvin., 1869 . . 49 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1869 : 152, pi. 13. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1885.2.10.336. Tinta, 11,000', South Peru, 20 May 1868. 
Collected by H. Whitely. Sclater Collection. 

The second syntype is also in the collection. The specimen 
listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 736, was 
collected later and has no type status. 

cajabambae — Leptasthenura striata cajabambae Chapman, 192\ . 3 
Amer. Mus. Novit., : 18:9. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1899.6.1.81. 9,500', Cajabamba, Peru. 28 Mar. 1894. Collected 
by O. T. Baron. Salvin-Godman Collection. 



f 



catnaronensis 87 

caledonicus — Corvus caledonicus Gmelin, 1787 .20 

Systema Naturae, 1, pt. 1 : 367. Holotype, Unsigned painting. 
North Caledonia, 7 Sept. 1774. No. 53 //; Forster, Unpublished 
water-colour . . . drawings made during Cook's second voyage. 
Library of the Zoology Department, British Museum (Natural 
History). Vide Lysaght, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Hist. Ser., 
1, (1959) :285. 

caledoniensis — Garrulus glandarius caledoniensis Hazelwood and 

Gorton, 1953 71 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 73 : 1. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1953.71.1. Pitlochry, Perthshire, 25 Sept. 1951. Presented by the 
Bolton Public Museum. 

callainus — M alur us callainus GovXd, \Z61 . . . . .36 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1867 : 302. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1881.5.1.674. South Australia (Salt Bush Scrub, 300-400 
miles north-west of Adelaide, vide Gould, Birds of Australia, Supple- 
ment, (1867) : pi. 23). Collected by S. White. Gould Collection. 

callensis — Emberiza cia callensis Ticehurst and Whistler, 1938 . 49 
Ibis,{H)2 : 727. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1931.1.1.5865. 
Bom Jesus, Braga, Portugal, 31 May 1920. Collected by H. F. 
Witherby. H. F. Witherby Collection. 

callinota — Formicivora callinota P. L. Sclater, 1855 ... 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1855 : 89, pi. 96. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1854.4.6.12. Bogota, Colombia. Purchased of Argent. 

calophrys — Chlorospingus calophrys P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1876 51 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1876 : 354. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.6.8.43. Tilotilo, Yungas Province, Bolivia, 1876. Collected 
by C. Buckley. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

caloptera — Formicivora caloptera P. L. Sclater, 1 859. ... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 : 142. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.98. Pallatanga, Ecuador, Sept. or Oct. 1858. Collected 
by L. Fraser. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 29. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

calopterum — Todirostrum calopterum P. L. Sclater, 1857 . 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1857 : 82, pi. 125. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1886.6.24.360. Upper Napo River, Ecuador. Collected by 
Don Villavicencio for Prof. W. Jameson. Jardine Collection. 

camaronensis — Geociclila camaronensis Sharpc, \905 . .31 

/his, (8) 5 :472. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1905.7.30.5. 
Efulen, Cameroon, West Africa, 5 Nov. 1903. Collected by G. L. 
Bates. Bates Collection. 



88 camaroonensis 

camaroonensis — Anthus rufulus camaroonensis Shelley, 1900 . . 19 

The Birds of Africa, 2 : 320. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1887.3.7.16. Camaroons Mt., 10,000', 8 Oct. 1886. Collected 
by H. H. Johnston and presented by the Cameroons Committee of 
the British Association. 

camarunensis — Smithornis camarunensis Sharpe, 1905 ... 1 
Ibis, (8) 5 :469. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1905.1.24.99. 
River Ja, Camaroon, West Africa, 17 May 1904. Collected by 
G. L. Bates and purchased of E. Gerrard. 

cambodiana — Aegithina tipliia cambodiana HaW, \957 . .22 

Jbis, 99 : 150. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1928.6.26.1485. 
Siem-Reap, Cambodia, 16 Dec. 1927. Collected by J. Delacour 
on the Fourth Franco-British Expedition to Indo-China. 

cambodiana — Aethopyga saturata cambodiana Delacour, 1948 46 

J. Washington Acad. Sci., 38 : 55. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1928.6.26.1578. Bokor, Cambodia, 12 Dec. 1927. Collected 
by J. Delacour and W. P. Lowe, from the 4th Franco-British 
Expedition to Indo-China. 

cambodiana — Notodela cambodiana Delacour and Jabouille, 1928 . 31 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 48 : 132. Holotype, Adult male (tip of bill 
broken off). Reg. no. 1928.6.26.10. Bokor, 1,000 metres, south 
Cambodia, 13 Dec. 1927. Collected by J. Delacour and M. P. 
Jabouille on the Fourth Franco-British Expedition to French Indo- 
China and presented by J. Spedan Lewis. 

cambodianum — Dicaeum beccarii cambodianum Delacour and 

Jabouille, 1928 45 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 48 : 135. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1928.6.26.12. Bokor, 3,000', South Cambodia, Indo-China, 10 
Dec. 1927. Collected by J. Delacour and M. P. Jabouille, from the 
Fourth Expedition to Indo-China. 

cambodianus — Poliopsar cambodianus Sharpe, 1888 . .62 

Ibis, (5) 6:477. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1860.11.9.18. 
Cambodia. Collected by M. Mouhot. Purchased of Stevens. 

camburni — Hyphantornis camburni Sharpe, 1890 . .61 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 10 : 35. Holotype, Adult male (female in text). 
Reg. no. 1900.1.19.17. Mount Kenya, 5,000', Nairobi Forest 
(17 July 1899, on label). Collected by C. Camburn {vide Shelley, 
The Birds of Africa, 4 (1905) : 486). H. J. Mackinder Expedition 
Collection. 

cameroonensis — Anthreptes fraseri cameroonensis Bannerman, 1921 46 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 41 : 137. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1908.5.25.91. Ja River, Cameroon, 18 Feb. 1906. Collected by 
and purchased of G. L. Bates. 



canescens 89 

cameroonensis — Dryoscopus angolensis cameroonensis Bannerman, 

1915 23 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 35 : 105. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.1 2.23.4340. Cameroon Mountain, 1 1 May 1 909 (above Buea, 
vide Bannerman, Ibis, (10) 3 (1915) : 507). Collected and be- 
queathed by Boyd Alexander. 

camerunensis — Bradvptenis camenmensis Boyd Alexander, 1909 . 35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 25 : 19. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.4184. Peak of Cameroon Mountain, 7,000', 5 April 
1909. Collected by W. Boyd Alexander. Boyd Alexander Bequest. 

camerunensis — Cryptolopha camerunensis Boyd Alexander, 1909 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 25 : 13. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.4118. Peak of Cameroon, West Africa, 23 April, 1909. 
Collected by W. Boyd Alexander. Boyd Alexander Bequest. 

campbelli — Turdus campbelli Swinhoe, 1^73 . . . .31 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 12 : 374. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1896.6.1.837. Lighthouse Island, Chefoo, north China, 15 May 
1873. Collected by Campbell, the lighthouse keeper, for Swinhoe. 
Seebohm Collection. 

The date of collection on the label, 1874, is incorrect: Swinhoe was 
in Chefoo in 1873 (vide Ibis, (4) 2 (1878) : 127). He renamed this 
type in 1874 as Turdus chyropleurus {q.v.). 

cancrominus — Platvrhynchus cancrominus P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 

1860 . ' 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860:299. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.1.292. Choctum, 1,200', Vera Paz, Guatamala, Jan. 1860. 
Collected by O. Salvin. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

Candida — Nigrita canicapilla Candida Moreau, 1942 . .60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 62 : 43. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1944.8.1.5. Ujamba Forest, 6,700', Kungwe Mountains, Kigoma 
District, Tanganyika, 16 Aug. 1941. Collected by Salemin Asumani 
for R. E. Moreau. Presented by R. E. Moreau. 

canescens — Atlapetes pileatus canescens van Rossem, 193S . . 49 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 58 : 126. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1899.2.1.3901. Omilteme, 8,000 ft., (Chilpancuigo, on label), 
Guerrero, Mexico, July 1888. Collected by D. W. Smith. Salvin- 
Godman Collection. 

canescens — Emberiza canescens Swinhoe, 1 860 .49 

Ibis, (I) 2 :62. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1898.11.1.1109. 
Amoy, China, 6 Feb. 1857. Collected by R. Swinhoe. Seebohm 
Collection. 
The described female syntype is also in the collection. 



90 canescens 

canescens — Empidonax canescens Salvin and Godman, 1889 . 9 

Biol. Centr.-Amer., Axes 2 : 79. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1899.4.20.2404. Mexicalcingo, near City of Mexico, 6 Feb. 1888. 
Collected by F. Ferrari-Perez. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

canescens — Erpornis xantholeuca canescens Delacour and Jabouille, 

1928 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 48 : 132. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1928.6.26.9. Bokor, 1,000 metres, south Cambodia, 7 Dec. 1927. 
Collected by J. Delacour and P. Jabouille on the Fourth Franco- 
British Expedition to Indo-China. 

canicapilla — Zonotrichia canicapilla Gould, \S39 . . . .49 
Zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle 3, Birds : 91. Syntype, 
Aduh ' (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1855.12.19.388. Tierra del 
Fuego, Patagonia. Collected by C. Darwin. Purchased of the 
Zoological Society of London as the type. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 610. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

canicapillus — Aethiops canicapillus SincV\3.tvdi, \%A\ . . .60 
Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1841 : 30. Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
12 (1890) : 316. lists specimens as the types but, Salvin, Catalogue 
of a collection of birds of Strickland {\SS2) : 243, states that the type 
is in the Cambridge University Zoological Museum, and it would 
appear that the British Museum specimens from L. Fraser were 
collected a year later, vide Fraser, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1842 (publ. 
Feb. 1843) : 145. 

caniceps — Pastor caniceps Blyth, 1843 . . . . .62 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., 12 : 97. This was a nomen nudum of 
Hodgson, in J. E. Gray, Zoological Miscellany 1844 : 84. and was 
subsequently used by Blyth who gave the added data "near Calcutta 
1841-43". The two specimens listed by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. 
Mus., 13 (1890) : 51 as "Hodgson types" are unlikely to have been 
seen by Blyth. 

caniceps — Synallaxis caniceps Eyton, 1856 ..... 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1856:99. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1881.2.18.178. Brazil. Collected by E. Parzudaki. Eyton Col- 
lection. 

canipennis — Hemixus canipennis Seehohm, \S90 . . . .21 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., \S90 : 342, Tpl 21. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1898.10.2.82. Swatow, Foochow. Collected by Baun. 
Seebohm Collection. 

cantillans — Mirafra cantillans Blyth, 1 845 . . . . .17 
J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 13 (1844, pub'd 1845) : 960. 

Blyth's specimens were from near Calcutta and were stated to be 



I 



capensis 91 

in the Calcutta Museum by P. L. Sclater, Ibis, (6) 4 (1892) : 83. 
Two Jerdon specimens from Madras in the B.M. (N.H.) collection 
were listed as types by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mas., 13 (1890) : 606. 
Mirafra cantillans Blyth, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 12 (1843) : 181 
is a nomen nudum; Blyth used Jerdon's MS name. 

cantonensis — Pericrocotus cantonensis Swinhoe and P. L. Sclater, 

1861 20 

Ibis, (1) 3 :42. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1897.7.2.131. 
Canton, China, April 1860. Collected by R. Swinhoe. Seebohm 
Collection. 
The male syntype is also in the collection. 

cantori — Alcippe cantori Moore, 1854 ..... 32B 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., (May 1854 : 277). Also in Horsfield and 
Moore, Catalogue of Birds in the Museum of the Honourable 
East India Company, 1 : 406. Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1880.1.1.3012. Pinang, Malacca, 1854. Collected by 
T. Cantor and presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 

cantori — Criniger cantori Moore, 1854 . . . . .21 

Proc. zoll. Soc. Lond., (May 1854) : 279. Also in Horsfield and 
Moore, Catalogue of the Birds in the Museum of the Honourable East 
India Company, (Nov. 1854) 1 : 410. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1880.1.1.1900. Malacca. Collected by T. Cantor and presented 
by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 
There is what may be a second syntype in the collection. 

cantori — Microtarsus cantori Horsfield and Moore, 1854 . . 21 
Catalogue of the Birds in the Museum of the Honourable East India 
Company, 1 : 409. Holotype. 
This is also the holotype of Brachypodius tristis Blyth, 1845 (^.v.) 

cantoroides — Calornis cantoroides G. K. Gra.)/, \%6\ . .62 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 :431. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1861.12.11.69. Mysol. Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace 
Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

capellanus — Corvus capellanusV. L. ScXaitr, \%1 6 .71 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1876 : 694. pi. 66. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1878.12.10.2. Fao, Persian Gulf, Summer 1876. Collec- 
ted by J. Huntley. Presented to the London Zoo by J. Huntley 
on 16 June 1876. Died 29 July 1877. Purchased of the Zoological 
Society. 
A second syntype is in the collection. 

capensis — Calandrella sclateri capensis 0%\W\Q-Gr2LnX, \9\2i . , 17 
Ann. S. Afr. Mus., 13:41. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1912.11.27.1. Near Philipstown, Cape Province, 18 July 1912. 
Collected by H. L. Hare and presented by the South African 
Museum. 



92 capensis 

capensis — Drymoica capensis Smith, \S43 . . . . .35 

Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa, {Aves) : pi. 76. This is 
only a new generic name for Malurus capensis Stephens, 1826, and 
the specimen listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
7 (1883) : 190, has no type status. 

capitale — Todirostrwn capitale P. L. Sclater .... 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1857:83, pi. 125. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1886.6.24.356. Upper Napo River, Eastern Ecuador, 
1853. Collected by Don Villavicencio for Professor W. Jameson. 
Jardine Collection. 

capitalis — Mixornisl capitalis Tweeddale, ISll . . 32B 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 20 : 535. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1888.4.20.1109. Dinagat Island, Philippines, June 1877. 
Collected by A. H. Everett. Tweeddale Collection. 

capitalis — Muscicapal capitalis McClelland, 1840 . .20 

in Horsfield, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1839 (publ. 1840) : 157. Holo- 
type, Adult (imperfect specimen). Reg. no. 1 880. 1 . 1 .2938. Assam. 
Collected by J. McClelland and presented by the Honourable East 
India Company Museum. 

capitalis — Myiobius capitalis Salvin, 1 865 ..... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1864 (publ. 1865) : 583. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1888.1.1.1353. Tucurrique, Costa Rica. Collected by 
E. Arce. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

capitalis — Thamnophilus capitalis P. L. Sclater, 1858 ... 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 65. Syntype, Sub-adult male. 
Reg. no. 1889.9.20.73. Rio Napo, Ecuador. Probably collected 
by Villavicencio. Sclater Collection; obtained by him from 
Verreaux. 

The female syntype is in the collection. 

capito — Eopsaltria capito Gould, 1854 . . . . .37 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1851 (publ. 1854) : 285. Syntype, Adult 
(relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1852.12.17.6. Brushes of the Brisbane 
River, New South Wales. (Collected by Strange, vide Gould Birds 
of Australia, Supplement (1855) : pi. 17). Purchased of Gould. 

This specimen is not listed by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
4 (1879) : 246 and was probably being relaxed from mounting at 
that time. 

cara — Aethopyga cara Hume \S14 . . . .46 

Stray Feathers, 2 : 473, note. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1886.12.1.231. Moulmain, Tenasserim (13 June 1874, on label). 
Collected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

carbonaria — Cercomacra carbonaria P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1 873 . 4 
Nomencl. Av. Neotrop. : 161. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 



I 

i I 



carruthersi 93 

1889.9.20.431. Rio Brancho, Brazil, 22 Dec. 1831. Collected by 
J. Natterer. Sclater Collection. 

There is a female syntype in the collection. The authors used 
Natterer's MS name. 

carbonarium — Serrirostrum carbonarium Lafresnaye and D'Orbigny, 

1838 54 

Syn. Aw, 2, in Mag. ZooL, Paris. 8, cl. 2 : 25. A specimen bought 
of Verreaux by Sclater was listed by him, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 

1 1 (1886) : 7, as "One of the types". It has no original label to verify 
this. According to Hellmayr, Catalogue of birds of the Americas 
8 (1935) : 233, the type is in the Paris museum. 

carneipes — Caereba carneipes P. L. Sclater, 1859 . . . .51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 : 376. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1884.7.31.138. Playa Vicente, Oaxaca, Mexico. (April 1859. 
Collected by A. Boucard, vide Sclater, Catalogue of a collection of 
American birds (1862) : 54). Sclater Collection. 
The other syntype is in the collection. 

carnipes — Coccothraustesl carnipes Hodgson, 1836 . . .59 
Asiat. Res., 19 : 151. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1845.1.9. 
301. Nepal. Collected by and purchased of B. H. Hodgson. 

Sharpe Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 49, refers to this specimen, 
together with another female and an adult male, as the "types" 
of the species, although it is obvious from the description that 
Hodgson had not seen an adult male at that time. 

caroli — Aeithalus caroli Sharpe, 1871 . . . . . .41 

Ibis, (3) 1 :415. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1876.5.23.537. 
Ovaquenyama, Damaraland, South West Africa, 26 May 1867. 
Collected by C. J. Anderson. Sharpe Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

carruthersi — Alethe carruthersi OgAw'it-Gvdini, \906 . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. Cl, 19 : 25. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.12.23.1238. 150 miles west of Entebbe, 5,000', Uganda, 

12 Dec. 1905. Collected by D. Carruthers and presented by the 
subscribers to the Ruwenzori Expedition. 

There is also a female syntype in the collection. 

carruthersi — Anthothreptes carruthersi OgxWit-Gvdini, \9()1 . 46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. Cl., 19 : 106. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1907.6.26.102. West shore of Lake Tanganyika, 3 Jan. 1907. 
Collected by and purchased of D. Carruthers. 

This is the author's selected male, his selected female syntype is 
also in the collection. 

carruthersi — Cisticola carruthersi Og\\\\Q-Gr2ini, \9Q)9 . . .35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 23 : 94. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1905.12.23.902. Mokia, 3,400', South-east Ruwenzori, Uganda, 
17 June 1906. Collected by D. Carruthers. Presented by the sub- 
scribers to the British Museum Ruwenzori Expedition. 



94 carruthersi 

carruthersi — Crateropus carruthersi Ogilvie-Grant, 1901 . 32B 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 19 : 106. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1907.6.26.167. Near Niembe, 2,500', Upper Congo, 8 Jan. 1907. 
Collected by and purchased of D. Carruthers. 

carruthersi — Parusflavipectus carruthersi Hartert, 1911 . 42 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 38 : 19. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1909.10.26.199. Samarkand, 2,000', Turkestan, 25 Jan. 1908. 
Collected by and purchased of D. Carruthers. 

cashmeriensis — Chelidon cashnieriensis Gould, 1858 .18 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 356. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1881.5.1.5942. Kashmir, 17 July 1858. Collected by Dr. A. Leith 
Adams. Gould Collection. 

cashmeriensis — Cinclus cashmeriensis Gould, 1859 . .27 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 : 494. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1881.5.1.6289. Cashmere (in text; Chimourarie Lake, Ladak, 
26 July 1852, on label). Collected by Dr. A. L. Adams. Gould 
Collection. 

cashmirensis — Motacilla cashmirensis Brooks, 1871 . .19 

Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1871 : 210. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1887.2.1.1468. Cashmere (Near Ganderbal, on label), 22 May 
1871. Collected by W. E. Brooks. Hume Collection. 

cashmirensis — Sitta cashmirensis Brooks, \%1\ .43 

Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1871 : 209. Syntype, Adult (male, on 
label). Reg. no. 1886.11.1.1949. Hirpore, Kashmir 13 May 1871. 
Collected by W. E. Brooks. Hume Collection. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

casius — Planesticus casius Bonaparte, 1855 . . . . .31 
C. r. Acad. Sci. Paris, 41 : 657. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1850.1.31.165. Panama. Collected on the voyage of H.M.S. 
Pandora and presented by Capt. Kellett and Lieut. Wood. 

caspica — Pvrrhula pvrrhula caspicaWitherhy, 1908 . . .59 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 23 : 48. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1907.12.21.569. South coast of Caspian Sea. 25 Feb. 1907. Col- 
lected by R. B. Woosnam. Presented by A. C. Bailward. 

caspius — Garrulus atricapillus caspius SQehohm, \^S3 . . .71 
Ibis, (5) 1 :8. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897.6.1.257. 
Lenkoran, Caucasus, Dec. 1881. Seebohm Bequest. 

cassidix — Ptilotis cassidix Gould, 1867 . . . . .48 
Birds of Australia, Supplement, pt. 4, (publ. before Dec. 1867) : pi. 
39. Holotype, Adult male (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1886.6.24. 
338. Australia, 1866. Purchased of Sanders and Son, Edinburgh. 
Jardine Collection. 

Gould used a nomen nudum of W. Jardine, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 
1866 : 558. 



castaneiceps 95 

cassini — Aplonis cassini G. R. Gray, 1859. . . . . .62 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 : 163. This is a nomen nudum, and 
the specimen referred to by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 
131, 132, has no type status. 

cassini — Sycobius cassini ¥\[ioi, 1859 . . . . .61 

Ibis, (1) 1 :392. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1859.6.28.12. 
Gaboon, French West Africa. Received in May, 1859. Collected 
for and purchased of Verreaux. 

castanea — Platvsteira castanea Fraser, 1843 . . .38 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1842 (publ. 1843) : 141. Holotype, Adult 
(female, on label). Reg. no. 1847.1.18.46. Clarence. Fernando 
Po. Collected by and purchased of L. Fraser, from the voyage of 
H.M.S. Wilberforce. 

castaneceps — Minla castaneceps Hodgson, 1838 .... 32B 
India Review, 2 : 33. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 
1 843. 1 . 1 3.395. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

castaneiceps — Basileuterus castaneiceps P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1877 54 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1877 : 521. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.3.8.659. Jina (or Jima), Ecuador. Collected by C. Buckley. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 

castaneiceps — Buarremon castaneiceps P. L. Sclater, 1859 . . 49 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 :441. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1855.6.12.914. Rio Napo, Ecuador. Collected for Verreaux. 
Sclater Collection. 

castaneiceps — Conopophaga castaneiceps P. L. Sclater, 1857 . . 5 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1857 : 47. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1854.1.25.83. Bogota, Colombia. Purchased of Stevens. 

The other syntype is in the collection. The specimen listed as 
type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 332, is not accepted 
as typical material as it was not listed by the author in his Catalogue 
of American Birds, 1862 : 193, and therefore must have been received 
by him well after the description was published. 

castaneiceps— £/«6enza castaneiceps Moore, 1856 .49 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1855 (publ. 1856) : 215. Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4648. Kintang, China. Presented by the 
Honourable East India Company Museum, who obtained the 
specimen through J. Gould. 

Moore used a Gould MS. name. The specimen was listed as the 
type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 544. 

castaneiceps — Hyphantornis castaneiceps Sharpe, \S90 . 61 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13:448, pi. 13. Holotype, Adult male 
(probably female, vide Shelley, The Birds of Africa, 4 (1905) : 477). 



96 castaneiceps 

Reg. no. 1889.3.21.71. Taveta, Kenya (Useri River, according to 
Shelley, The Birds of Africa, 4 (1905) : 477). Collected and presented 
by H. C. V. Hunter. " 

castaneiceps — Ixuhis castaneiceps Moore, IS54 . . . . 32B 
in Horsfield and Moore, Catalogue of Birds in the Museum of the 
Honourable East India Company, 1:411. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1860.4.16.160. Afghanistan (error; Khasia Hills, Assam, 
vide Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) : 616). Collected by 
Griffiths and presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 

castaneiceps — Laniarius castaneiceps Sharpe, 1891 . . .23 

Ibis, (6) 3 : 445. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1893.12.1.19. 
Mount Elgon, central East Africa, 25 Feb. 1890. Collected and 
presented by F. J. Jackson. 

castaneiceps— Or//?ofomw5 castaneiceps Walden, 1872 .35 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 10 : 252. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 

no. 1888.4.20.386. Guimaras Island, Philippines, March 1872. 
Collected by A. B. Meyer. Tweeddale Collection. 

castaneicollis — Chlorospingus castaneicollisF. h. Sdaier, 1858 . 51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 293. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.6.12.883. Interior of Peru . . . bordering on Bolivia. Col- 
lected for Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 

castaneifrons — Buarremon castaneifrons P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 

1875 49 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1875 : 235, pi. 35. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1875.6.12.940. Upper region of the Paramo de la Culata, 
Merida, Venezuela. Collected by A. Goering. Sclater Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

castaneiventris — Monarcha castaneiventris J. Yerreaux, IS5S . . 38 
Rev. Mag. Zool, 10 : 304. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1858.5.8.13. Samoa, Navigator's Islands. 

Purchased of Cuming, the collection originally stated to be from 
Verreaux, but later ascribed to Cuming. (See also appendix. 
Corrections and Additions, vol. 2.) 

castaneothorax — Cinclosoma castaneothorax Gould, 1 849 . 32A 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1848 (publ. 1849) : 139, pi. 6. Holotype, 
Adult male (in very poor condition). Reg. no. 1855.11.5.31. 
Scrubby belts of trees growing on the tableland to the northward 
of the Darling Downs, New South Wales, vide Gould, The Birds of 
Australia, 1 (1865) : 438. Collected by J. Coxen and purchased of 
J. Gould. 

castaneum — Philentoma castanetmi Eyton, \S45 . .37 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (1) 16 : 229. Syntype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1846.3.4.31. Malacca, Malaya. Collected 
and presented by A. Charlton. 



castanopterus 97 

This and a female syntype were relaxed from mounting in 1884 
and were omitted from Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 (1879) : 367. 
Two further syntypes were received by Eyton and are also in the 
collection. 

castaneus — Myiophoneus castaneus R. G. W. Wardlaw Ramsay, 1880 31 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1880 : 16, pi. 1. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.4.20.45. Mount Sago, Pandang, Sumatra, 3 Sept. 1878. 
Collected by C. Bock. Tweeddale Collection. 

This is the author's selected syntype. There is a second syntype 
in the collection. 

castanicauda — Siva castanicauda Hume, 1877 .... 32B 
Stray Feathers, 5 : 100. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1886.10.1. 
6790. Moolyit, Tenasserim, 17 Feb. 1877 (on label; 7 Feb. in text). 
Collected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 

castaniceps — Abrornis castaniceps \\odig?,on, \%A5 . . .35 

in Blyth, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 14 : 593. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1843.1.13.386. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson. 

castanonota — Alethe castanonota Sharpe, 1871 . .31 

Catalogue of African Birds : 20. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1876.5.23.523. Fantee, Gold Coast. Collected by Ussher. 
Sharpe Collection. 

castanonota — Lochmias nematura castanonota Chubb, 1919 . . 3 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 38 : 87. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1889.5.14.77. Aruparu River (Arranparu on label), 5,000', 
Kukenam Mountains, British Guiana, 29 Aug. 1883. Collected by 
H. Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

castanonotus — Hemixus castanonotus Swinhoe, 1870 .21 

Ibis, (2) 6 : 251, pi. 9. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1898.10.2.83. 
Tai-ping-sze, central Hainan, China, Feb. 1868. Collected by R. 
Swinhoe. Seebohm Bequest. 

castanops — Ploceus castanops Shelley, 1 888 . . . . .16 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1888 : 35. Syntype, adult male. Reg. no. 
1887.9.28.62. Lado, Wadelai District, Equatorial Africa {vide, 
op. cit. : 18-19), 12 Aug. 1885. Collected for and presented by 
Emin Pasha. 
There are four other syntypes in the collection. 

castanopsis — Heliolais castanopsis Vincent, 1933 . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 53 : 140. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1933.3.1.9. Mouth of Lurio River, Portuguese East Africa, 
13' 30' S. 40 30' E., 29 June 1932. Collected by J. Vincent. Pre- 
sented by the Portuguese East Africa Expedition. 

castanopterus — Pyriglena castanopterus Chubb, 1916 . . 4 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 36 : 47. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
I9I6.8.24.48. Baeza, 6,000', east Ecuador, April 1914. Collected 
by W. Goodfellow and presented by E. J. Brook. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 



98 castus 

castus — Mo/7a/-c/?a ca5/w5 P. L. Sclater, 1883 . . . .38 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1883 : 53, pi. 12. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1883.5.30.73. Loetoe, Tenimber Group, (27 Sept. 1882, 
on label). Collected by H. O. Forbes. Presented by the Timor- 
Laut Committee of the British Association. 

catasticta — Tanagra catastica Oberholser, \9\S . . .51 

Proc. Biol. Soc. fVashiiigton 31 : 125. New name for Euphonia 
vittata P. L. Sclater, 1861, preoccupied by Tanagra vittata Temminck, 
1821. 

caterinae — Saxicola caterinae Whitaker, 1898 . .31 

Ibis, (7) 4 :625. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1939.12.14.28. 
El Madjen, central Tunisia, 21 April 1897. Collected and presented 
by J. I. S. Whitaker. 

cathkinensis — Bradypterus barratti cathkinensis Vincent, 1948 35 

Bull. Brit. Onu' CI., 69 : 18. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1948.39.8. Near Cathkin Peak, 7,000', Giant's Castle Game 
Reserve, Natal, 18 Oct. 1947. Collected and presented by J. 
Vincent. 

caucasicus — Turdus torquatus caucasicus. See appendix. Corrections 
and Additions, vol. 2 . . . . . . .31 

caudata — Capsiempis caudata Salvin, 1897 ..... 9 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 7 : 16. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1895.11.27.136. Ourumee, British Guiana, 22 Oct. 1890. Collec- 
ted by H. Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
{See also Hellmayr, Novit. Zool. 13 (1906) : 323.) 

caudata — Formicivora caudata P. L. Sclater, 1855 ... 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1854 (publ. 1855) : 254, pi. 74. Syntype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1889.9.20.360. Bogota, Colombia. Col- 
lected for Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 
There is a female syntype in the collection. 

caudatus — Pseudotharrhaleus caudatus Ogilvie-Grant, 1895 . . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 4 : 40. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1897.5.13.263. Mount Data, Lepanto District, Northern Luzon, 
Philippines, 29 Jan. 1895. Collected by J. Whitehead. Presented 
by the subscribers to the Whitehead Expedition. 

A male and female were collected, vide Ogilvie-Grant, Ibis, (7) 1 
(1895): 449. The latter is now in the American Museum of 
Natural History, vide Hartert, Novit. Zool, 27 (1930) : 484. 

cavei — Bradypterus cinnamomeus cavei Macdonald, 1939 . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 60 : 9. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1939.10.1.4. Kipia, 8,800', Imatong Hills, Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, 
3°57' N., 32°57' E., 8 Jan. 1939. Collected and presented by 
J. D. Macdonald. 



cebuensis 99 

cavei — Certhilaudi albescens cavei Macdonald, 1953 . . .17 
Bull. Brit. Mus. nat. Hist. (Zool.), 1 : 344. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1950.50.922. Smiles, 4,000', 5 miles south-west of Witputs, 
Great Namaqualand, 26 Jan. 1950. Collected and presented by 
the British Museum South-West Africa Expedition. 

cavei — Eremopterix leucopareia cavei C. H. B. Grant and Mackworth- 
Praed, 1941 Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 61 : 62. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1940.4.6.5. Nataparapoth, 2,000', Ataporopos Hill, 
Eastern District, Equatoria, Sudan, 15 March 1940. Collected and 
presented by F. O. Cave. 

cavendish! — Estrilda cavendish i Sharpe, 1900 . . .60 

Ibis, (7) 6 : 110. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1898.11.16.39. 
Mapicuti, Mozambique, 15 Sept. 1898. Collected and presented 
by H. S. H. Cavendish. 

cavernicola — Thanmolaea cinnamomeiventris cavernicola Bates, 1933 31 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 53 : 176. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1932.8.6.10 (not 1932.8.6.18 as printed). Fiko, 30 miles east of 
Mopti, French Sudan, 10 Dec. 1931. Collected by and purchased 
of G. L. Bates. 

cayennensis — Coereba chloropyga cayennensis P. R. Lowe, 1912 54 

Ibis, (9) 6:506. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1885.4.1.341. 
Oyapoc, Cayenne, French Guiana. Collected by Mde. Verdey. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 

caymanensis — Pitangus caymanensis Nicoll, 1904 .... 9 
Ibis, (8) 4 : 582. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1892.1.12.113. 
Grand Cayman Island, West Indies, 15 Aug. 1886. Collected by 
W. B. Richardson for C. B. Cory. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are five other syntypes in the collection. 

cayoensis — Xenops genibarbis cavoensis Ch\xhh, \9\9 ... 3 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 39 : 52. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1899. 
6.1.176. Cayo, British Honduras, 25 Mar. 1888. Collected by 
F. Blancaneaux. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The female syntype is in the collection. 

cthnmsis—Artamides cebuensis OgiWxc-Gx&ni, \%96 . . .20 
Ibis, (7) 2 : 535. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1887.12.30.40. 
Cebu, Philippines, April 1877. Collected by A. H. Everett. Tweed- 
dale Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

cebuensis— C/'/roc/Vjc/a cebuensis Steere, 1 890 . . . .31 
List of the Birds and Mammals collected by the Steere Expedition to 
the Philippines : 20 (reprinted in Ibis, (6) 3 ( 1 89 1 ) : 3 1 4). Holotype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1 896.6.6.272. Road between Barih and Car- 
cao, Cebu, Philippines. Collected by J. B. Steere. Steere Col- 
lection. 



100 celebensis 

celebensis — Anthreptes celebensis SheWey, 1818 . . . .46 
Monograph of the Nectariniidae : 319, pi. 103. Syntype, Adult 
female. Reg. no. 1888.7.1.606. Tongian Island, Celebes. Col- 
lected by A. B. Meyer. Tweeddale Collection. 

This is the described female syntype, the described male syntype 
being in the Dresden Museum. A male from Batubassi in the col- 
lection, collected by Meyer, is one of those referred to in the text. 

celebensis — Basilornis celebensis G. R. Gray, 1861 . .62 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1861 : 184, fig. 2. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1873.5.12.1867. Menado, North Celebes Island, 1859. 
Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

Gray used a Temminck MS. name. There are several other 
syntypes in the collection. 

celebensis — Broderipus celebensis Walden, 1872 . .63 

Trans, zool. Soc. Lond., 8 : 112. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1887.11.20.482. Celebes Island, south-west Pacific. Collected by 
A. B. Meyer. Tweeddale Collection. 

This specimen was labelled as the type by the author. There 
are a number of syntypes in the collection. 

centralasiae — Emberiza pyrrhuloides centralisiae Havtert, 1903 49 

Vogel der Palaarktischen Fauna, 1 : 199. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1897.12.10.589. Maralbashi, 4,600', East Turkestan, 
Jan. 1874. Collected and presented by J. Biddulph. 

cephaelis — Cin?iyris (Cyanomitra) olivaceus cephaelis Bates, 1930 . 46 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 51 : 52. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1930.12.4.1. Bitye, 2,000', Ja River, Cameroon, 20 March 1924. 
Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

ceramensis — Crvptolopha ceramensis Ogilvie-Grant, 1910 . 35 

Bull. Brit. dm. CI., 25 : 90. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1910.12.28.278. Karobi Mountain, 2,500', Ceram Island, Moluccas, 
Oct. 1909. Collected by W. Stalker. Presented by the subscribers 
to the Expedition to Dutch New Guinea. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

ceramensis — Erythromyias ceramensis OgUvie-Grant, 1910 . 37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 25 : 90. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1910.22.28.199. Selemen, 3,000', Ceram Island, Moluccas, Nov. 
1909. Collected by W. Stalker. Presented by the subscribers 
to the British Ornithologists' Union Expedition to Dutch New 
Guinea. 

certus — Sclerurus mexicanus certus Chwhh, \9\9 .... 3 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 39:41. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1889.5.14.480. Volcan de Agua, above San Diego, Guatemala, 
Nov. 1873. Collected by O. Salvin. Salvin-Godman Collection, 



cerviniventris 101 

cervicalis — Paroaria cervicalis P. L. Sclater, 1 862 . . . .50 

Catalogue of a collection of American birds : 108. Holotype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1885.2.10.290. Bolivia, 1853. Collected 
by Argent. Sclater Collection. 

cervicalis — P/j/7jJor cerv/ccr/w P. L. Sclater, 1889 . ... 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1889 : 33. Syntype, Immature {vide 
Hellmayr, Novit. Zool, 13 (1906) : 335). Reg. no. 1889.5.20.372. 
Camacusa, British Guiana, 29 May 1882. Collected by H. Whitely. 
Sclater Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 102. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

cervinicauda — Drepanornis albertisi cervinicauda P. L. Sclater, 1883 70 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1883 : 578. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1883.12.17.3. Astrolabe Mountains, Port Moresby, South 
New Guinea. Collected by Goldie. Presented by Dr. G. Bennett, 
Sydney. 
Three female syntypes are also in the collection. 

cervinicrissa — Cutia cervinicrissa Sharpe, ISSS . . 32B 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1888 : 276. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.3.18.27. Gunong Batu Putch, Perak, Malaya. Collected 
and presented by L. Wray. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

cervinigularis — Anabates cervinigularis P. L. Sclater, IS51 3 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1856 (publ. 1857) : 288. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1889.5.20.331. Cordova, Vera Cruz, southern 
Mexico. Collected by A. Salle. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Catalogue of American Birds, (1862) : 
158. There is another syntype in the collection. 

cerviniventris — Apalis cerviniventris Sharpe, 1877 . . . .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1877 : 22. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1878.2.13.17. Gold Coast. Presented by R. B. Sharpe, who 
obtained it from H. Whitely. 

cerviniventris — Chlamydera cerviniventris Gould, 1850 . .69 

in Jardine, Contributions to Ornithology : 100 or 106 or 160 (page 
number in doubt). (The description in Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 
1850 :201 was not published until Feb. 1851.) Syntype, Aduh. 
Reg. no. 1851.1.11.11. Cape York, northern Australia. Col- 
lected and presented by J. MacgiUivray, from the voyage of H.M.S. 
Rattlesnake. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 6 (1881) : 393. 
A Gould specimen from the same locality is thought to be another 
syntype. 

cerviniventris — Digenea cerviniventris Sharpe, \^19 . .37 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 : 460. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1878.10.14.1. Manipur Hills, Burma. Collected and presented 
by H. H. Godwin-Austen. 



102 cerviniventris 

cerviniventris — Petroical cerviniventris Gould, 1^57 . . .37 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1857 : 25 and 221. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1857.10.28.191. Victoria River, North-west Australia (15°34' S., 
30°22' E.) (May 1856, on the label may be the date Gould received 
the specimen.) Collected and presented by J. R. Elsey, from the 
Gregory Expedition. 

This specimen was inscribed with the new name and reference by 
the author, and was listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. 
Mus., 4 (1879) : 242. The two other syntypes are also in the 
collection, but are in bad condition. 

cerviniventris — PhvUostrophus cerviniventris Shelley, 1894 . . 21 

Ibis, (6) 6 : 10, pi. 2. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1893.6.1.98. 
Zomba, Nyasaland, Aug. 1892. Collected by A. Whyte and presen- 
ted by Sir H. H. Johnston. 
The six other syntypes are also in the collection. 

cerviniventris — Rectes cerviniventris G. R. GrsLy, \%62 . .39 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 (publ. 1862) : 430. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1873.5.12.1300. Gagie Island (off western New 
Guinea). 1860. Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collec- 
tion. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

cerviniventris — Turdinus cerviniventris Sharpe, 1901 . . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 12 : 3. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1895.5. 
1.1377. Conde, Congo, 1876. Collected by L. Petit. Shelley 
Collection; from A. Bouvier's collection. 
There are at least two other syntypes in the collection. 

cettioides — Cettia cettioides Hume, 1 873 . . . .35 

Stray Feathers, 1 : 194. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886.7.8. 
1954. Sind, (Dostallee, Lakhana, 9 Jan. 1872, on label). Col- 
lected by A. O. Hume. Hume Collection. 
There are five other syntypes in the collection. 

ceylonensis — Dicaeum erythrorhynchus ceylonensis Babault, 1920 . 45 
Mission Babault dans les Centrales Provinces de Vlnde : 293, pi. 5. 
Boista, South Ceylon, 15 May 1871. Collected by W. V. Legge. 
Purchased of E. Oates. 

ceylonensis — Dissemurus ceylonensis Sharpe, 1877 . . .64 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 3 : 264. Syntype, Immature female. Reg. 
no. 1876.6.6.3. Pan Colom, North-east Province, Ceylon, 7 Jan. 
1873. Collected and presented by W. V. Legge. 

The specimen was loaned to Seebohm and received back with his 
collection, being given a second reg. no. 1897.6.1.591. There are 
several other syntypes in the collection. 

ceylonensis — Eremopterix grisea ceylonensis Whistler, 1 934 17 

J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc, 37 : 105. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 



chadensis 103 

no. 1934.2.15.1. 8 miles north of Paletupani, east coast of Ceylon, 
11 Jan. 1922. Collected by G. Brown and received in exchange 
from H. Whistler. 

ceylonensis — Hypothymis ceylonensis Sharpe, 1879 . .37 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 : 277. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1877.11.9.22. Kandy Hills, Ceylon. Collected by A. Whyte. 
Purchased of E. Gerrard. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

ceylonensis — Mirafra affinis ceylonensis Whistler, 1936 . . .17 

J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc, 38 : 769. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1887.7.1.2667. Colombo, Ceylon, 7 Nov. 1877. Collected by 
the Hart brothers. Hume Collection. 

ceylonensis — Pericrocotus peregriniis ceylonensis V^hisiler, 1933 . 20 

/. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc, 36 : 344. Holotype, Adult male. 

Reg. no. 1916.9.20.621. Cocawatte, Ceylon, 7 Nov. 1895. Col- 
lected and presented by A. L. Butler. 

ceylonensis — Zosterops ceylonensis Holdsworth, 1872 . . .47 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1 872 : 459, pi. 20. Mees, Zool. Verb., Leiden, 
35 (1957) : 24, selected a lectotype from material in the American 
Museum of Natural History. Two specimens from the original 
syntypical series are in the collection. 

chadensis — Batis chadensis Boyd Alexander, 1 908 . .38 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 21 : 105. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.1455. Arrigi, Lake Chad (30 Nov. 1904, on label). 
Collected by Boyd Alexander on the Alexander-Gosling Expedition. 
Boyd Alexander bequest. 

The male syntype is also in the collection, but since this was stated 
to be similar to the male of B. orientalis the female has been selected 
here. 

chadensis — Bradypterus brachypterus chadensis Bannerman, 1936 . 35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 57 : 43. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1936.2.21.1. Lake Chad, Central Africa, 1 Dec. 1904 (Nov., on 
label). Collected by Boyd Alexander. Presented by the Alexander- 
Gosling Expedition. 

chadensis — Calamocichla chadensis Boyd Alexander, 1907 . . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 19:63. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.1 2.23.2837. Lake Chad, French Equatorial Africa, ( Wurmda, 
19 May 1905, on label). Collected by W. Boyd Alexander on the 
Alexander-Gosling Expedition. Boyd Alexander Bequest. 

This specimen was labelled as the type but there are several other 
syntypes in the collection. 

chadensis — A//>a/ra (:7/a(/<?/;.v/j' Boyd Alexander, 1908 . . .17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 21 : 89. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1911. 



104 chadensis 

12.23.2997. Kowa Baga, Lake Chad, West Africa, 19 April 1905. 
Collected and bequeathed by Boyd Alexander. 

This is the author's selected male. His selected female syntype is 
also in the collection. 

chadensis — Tchagra senegala chadensis Bannerman, 1922 . 23 

Rev. Zool. Afr., 9 (1921, publ. 1922) : 355. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1911.12.23.2029. Yo, Lake Chad, Northern Nigeria, 
5 Jan. 1905. Collected by Boyd Alexander on the Alexander- 
Gosling Expedition. Boyd Alexander Bequest. 

chalcea — Nectarinia chalcea Hartlaub, 1862 . . .46 

Ibis, {\) A : 337, 341. Holotype, AduU male. Reg.no. 1873.12.10.174. 
Cambambe, Angola, 1861. Collected by and purchased of J. J. 
Monteiro. 

chalybeus — Turdus chalybeus Hox^fv^Xd, \^2\ . . . .62 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 148. Syntype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.(5?). Java, between 1811 and 1816. 
Collected by T. Horsfield. Presented by the Honourable East India 
Company Museum. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

chapini — Cossvpha bocagei chapini Benson, 1955 . . . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 75 : 104. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1955.41.2. Mporokoso, Northern Rhodesia, 30 July 1953. Col- 
lected by C. W. Benson and presented by the National Museum of 
Southern Rhodesia. 

chapini — Mirafra africana chapini C. H. B. Grant and Mackworth- 

Praed, 1939 17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 59 : 140. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1931.12.21.21. Nasondoye, 3,350', south-east Belgian Congo, 
3 Jan. 1931. Collected and presented by Admiral H Lynes. 

chapmani — Pachyrhamphus chapmani Chuhh, 1920 ... 7 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 40 : 74. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1888.1.20.522. Santa Elena, Antioquia, Colombia, Sept. 1878. 
Collected by T. K. Salmon. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

chapmani — Pipromorpha oleaginea chapmani Chuhh, 1919 . . 9 
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (9) 4 : 302. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1899.4.20.241. Villaviciencio to Medina, Llanos of Meta River, 
800-1,500', Colombia. Collected by T. H. Wheeler. Salvin- 
Godman Collection. 

charmensis — Carpodacus thura charmensis Kinnear, 1940 . 59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 60 : 56. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1937.1.17.837. Le La, 15,000', South-east Tibet, 8 May 1936. 
Collected by and purchased of F. Ludlow and G. Sheriff. 
The male syntype is also in the collection. 



chiapensis 1 05 

chayulensis — Suthora fulvifrons chayulensis Kinnear, 1940 . . 33 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 60 : 56. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1937.1.17.838. Lung, 11,000', Chayul Valley, south-east Tibet, 
29 April 1936. Collected by F. Ludlow and G. Sherriff, and pre- 
sented by the Godman-Thomas Fund. 

cheesmani — Ammomanes cieserti cheesmani R. Meinertzhagen, 1923 17 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 43 : 157. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1923.6. 
19.1. Shatt-al-Adhaim, left bank of Tigris, Mesopotamia, 16 Oct. 
1917. Collected by C. R. S. Pitman and presented by the Bombay 
Natural History Society. 

cheet — Lonchura cheet Sykes, 1832 .60 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1832 : 95. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1880.1.1.2706. The Ghauts, Deccan, India. Collected by W. H. 

Sykes. Presented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 

There is a second syntype in the collection. 

cheleensis — Alauda cheleensis S>W\n\\ot, \'il\ . .17 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1871 : 390. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1890.1.29.194. Talienwan, north China, 26 June 1860. Col- 
lected by R. Swinhoe. Seebohm Collection. 

There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

cheniana — Mirafra cheniana Smith, 1843 . . . .17 

Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa, 2 {Aves) : pi. 8 9, fig. 2 
(error, fig. 1, vide Sharpe, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1874 : 644). Syn- 
type, Adult male (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1845.7.6.218. North 
and east of Latakoo (i.e. Kuruman), 1834-36. Collected by and 
purchased of A. Smith. 
The other syntype is in the collection. 

cherina — Drymoica cherina Smith, 1843 . . . .35 

Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa, A ves ; pi. 77. Holotype, 
Adult female (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1843.2.28.110. South 
Africa, (Madagascar, vide Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) : 
264). Collected by A. Smith. Purchased of the South African 
Society. 

chemiesina — Myzomela chermesina G. R. Gray and Mitchell, 1846 48 
Genera of Birds, 1 : pi. 38. Holotype, Adult male (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1846.7.16.147. (No locality given.) Presented by E. 
Wilson. 

See also reference to type by Forbes, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1879 : 
274. 

chiapensis — Campylorhynchus chiapensis Salvin and Godman, 1891 28 
Ibis, (6) 3 :609. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1890.12.20. 
727. Tonala, Chiapas, Mexico, 6 Jan. 1890. Collected by W. B. 
Richardson. Salvin-Godman Collection. 



1 06 chiapensis 

chiapensis — Melozone biarcuatum chiapensis wan Rosstm, 1938 . 49 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 58 : 126. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1899.2.1.3938. Tuxtla, Chiapas, Mexico, 18 Mar. 1897. Collected 
by W. B. Richardson. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

chiapensis — Pipilo maculatits chiapensis van Rossem, 1938 . 49 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 58 : 130. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1899.2.1.3480. San Cristobal, Chiapas, Mexico, 14 May, 1897. 
Collected by W. B. Richardson. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

chiguancoides — Turdus chiguancoides Seebohm, 1881 .31 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 5 : 231. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1896.6.1. 
405. Plains of the Gambia River. Seebohm Collection. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 

chiniana — Drymoica chiniana Smith, 1843 . . . . .35 

Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa, Aves : pi. 79. A single 
specimen was described. A specimen registered and labelled as the 
type, Reg. no. 1843.2.23.108. resembles the description in some 
aspect but lacks the distinctive head colour and was re-identified 
at an early date as a specimen of D. natalensis Smith, the label being 
altered. 

chirindensis — Apalis chirindensis Shelley, 1906 . . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 16 : 126. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1911.5. 
30.33. Chirinda Forest, 4,000', Northern Gazaland, Southern 
Rhodesia, 14 June 1905. Collected and presented by C. F. M. 
Swynnerton. 

chiriquensis — Geothlvpis chiriquensis Salvin, 1872 . . .54 

Ibis, (3) 2 : 148. ' Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1885.3.8.512. 
Volcan de Chiriqui, Veragua, 1870. Collected by E. Arce. Salvin- 
Godman Collection. 

chiroleuca — Gymnocichla chiroleuca P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1869 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1869 : 417. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.7.10.603. Tucurriqui, Costa Rica, 1864. Collected by 
E. Arce. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 272. 

chlorocephalus — Oriolus chlorocephalus Shelley, 1896 .63 

Ibis, (7) 2 : 183. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1896.3.14.44. 
Mount Chiradzulu, Nyasaland. Collected by A. Whyte. Presented 
by H. H. Johnstone. 

chlorocephalus — Phyllornis chlorocephalus Walden, 1871 . .22 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 7 : 241. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1888.4.1.200. Near Tonghoo, Burma. Collected by Lloyd. 
Tweeddale Collection. 

The two other males and one female syntype are also in the 
collection. 



chlorophrys 107 

chlorogaster — Anthreptes chlorogaster Sharpe, 1877 . . .46 
Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., (2) Zool. 1 : 342. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1876.8.28.71. Negros, Philippines, Feb. 1875. Col- 
lected by and purchased of J. B. Steere. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

chlorogaster — Vireolanius chlorogaster Bonaparte, 1854 . . 56 

C. /•. Acad. Sci. Paris, 38 : 380. Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1842.10.25.13. Cayenne. Purchased of "Cuoyi". 
See also Salvin Ibis, (4) 2 (1878) : 444. Footnote. 

chloronota — Buthraupis chloronota P. L. Sclater, 1855 . . .51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1854 (publ. 1855) : 97, pi. 64. ?Holotype, 
Adult. Reg. no. 1885.6.12.433. Ecuador. Collected for 
Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 

The label indicates that this is a Verreaux specimen. W. L. 
Sclater (in MS., now destroyed) stated "this, though not so marked, 
appears to be the type of the species." 

chloronota — Embernagra chloronota Salvin, 1861 . . .49 

Proc. zool .Soc. Land., 1861 : 202. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.12.14.1351. Choctum, Vera Paz, Guatamala, 1861. Collec- 
ted by O. Salvin. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
A second syntype is in the collection (vide. Ibis, (1) 3 (1861) : 352). 

chloronota — Nectarinia chloronota Jackson, 1906 . .46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 16 : 90. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.6.3.4. High up on Ruwenzori, Tanganyika. Collected and 
presented by F. J. Jackson. 
The bill is broken. 

chloronotus — Abrornis chloronotus J. E. Gray, \S46 . . .35 
in Hodgson, Catalogue of the birds of Nepal, 1846 : 66, 152. Syn- 
type, Adult. Reg. no. 1845.1.9.815. Nepal. Collected and pre- 
sented by B. H. Hodgson. 

Gray used a Hodgson MS number. Ticehurst, Systematic revue 
of the genus Phylloscopus, 1938 : 116, refers to this specimen as the 
type. 

chloronotus — Zosterops chloronotus Gou\d, \8A\ . . . .4,1 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1840 (publ. 1841): 165. Syntype, Adult 
(female, on label). Reg. no. 1881.5.1.642. Western Austraha 
(Perth, 17 May 1839, on label). Collected by J. Gould. Gould 
Collection. 

Renamed Z. gouldi by Bonaparte, Consp. Av., 1 (1850) : 398, 
on the grounds of preoccupation by Dicaewn chloronothos Vieillot, 
1817. 

cVAoTo^thrys— Diaphorophyia chlorophrys Boyd Mtxandtr, 1903 38 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 13 : 34. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.1442. Bakaki, Fernando Po, 19 Nov. 1902. Collected 
by Boyd Alexander. Boyd Alexander Bequest. 



108 cMoroptera 

chloroptera — Melanocharis chloroptera Salvador!, 1875 . . 45 

Arm. Miis. Civ. Genoa, 7 : 987. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1858.3.10.143. Aril Islands. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 

This specimen, as well as those collected by Beccari, is referred 
to by the author and is labelled in his hand. 

chloroptera — Myzomela chloroptera Walden, 1872 .48 

Ann. Mag. hat. Hist., (4) 9 : 399. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.7.1.668. Celebes Islands. Collected by Meyer. Tweeddale 
Collection. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

chloropygia — Nectarinia chloropygia Sardine, IS42 . . .46 

Ann. Mag. not. Hist., 10 : 188. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1886.6.24.314. Niger River, West Africa. Collected by Dr. 
Stanger. Jardine Collection. 

Original label inscribed by author "authority for orig. descript.". 
The bill is incomplete. 

chlorurus — Pachycephala chlorurus G. R. Gray, 1859 . . .39 

Catalogue of birds of the tropical islands of the Pacific ... : 20. 
Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1859.6.14.16. (Erromango Island, 
on label). New Hebrides. Collected by J. Macgillivray. Purchased 
of S. Stevens. 
The second syntype is in the collection. 

chocolatina — Pnoepyga chocolatina Godwin-Austen and Walden, 

1875 32B 

7^7^, (3) 5:252. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1895.7.14.1190. 
Kedimai, Munipur Hills. Collected by Godwin-Austen and Lord 
Walden. Godwin-Austen Collection. 

choloensis — A let he choloensis W. L. Sclater, 1927 . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 47 : 86. Holotype, Adult female ("not breeding" 
on label). Reg. no. 1927.2.2.7. Cholo Mountain, Nyasaland, 
6 Oct. 1926. Collected and presented by C. F. Belcher. 

christianae — Cinnyris christianae Tnsivdim, \%%9 . . .46 

Ibis, (6) 1 : 555. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1945.53.8. St. 
Aignan's Island, Louisade Archipelago, South-west Pacific, (20 Oct. 
1888, on label). Collected by B. H. Thomson. Received in ex- 
change from the York Museum as the type. 
The second syntype has not been traced. 

christinae — Aethopyga christinae Swinhoe, IS69 . . .46 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 4 : 436. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1871.3.21.14. Mountains of Hainan, Southern China, (Shuy- 
wei-sze, Feb. 1868, vide. Ibis, (2) 6 (1870) : 236). Collected and pur- 
chased of R. Swinhoe. 

The second syntype (from Seebohm) is also in the collection. 



chrysogaster 109 

christophori — Pachycephala christophori Tristram, IS79 . . 39 

Ibis, (4) 3 :441. A specimen stated to be the type is listed by 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 8 (1883) : 201, but has not been 
traced in the collection. Tristram, Catalogue of a collection of birds 
(1889) : 191, states that the type was in his collection. Since this 
collection is now in the Liverpool Museum the type should be there 
also. 

christyi — Hirundo christyi Sharpe, 1906 . . .18 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 16 : 86. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.1.21.17. Kungu Hill, Mabira Forest, Chagwe, Uganda, 
11 Sept. 1905. Collected by C. Camburn and presented by Dr. C. 
Christy. 

See C. H. B. Grant and Mackworth-Praed, Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 
62 (1942) : 43, for a note on the date of collection. 

chrysaea — Stacbyris chrysaea Blyth, 1844 ..... 32B 
J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 13 : 379. 

Two specimens in the collection were listed as types by Sharpe, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) : 602, but the material used by Blyth 
is presumably still at the Calcutta Museum. 

Stachyris chrysaea J. E. Gray, Zoological Miscellany, 1844 : 82, 
is a nomen nudum. Both authors used Hodgsons' MS. name. 

chrysaeus — Tarsiger chrysaeus Hodgson, 1845 . . .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1845 : 28. ?Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1845.1.9.477. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. 
Hodgson. 

chrysea — Abrornis chrysea Walden, 1875 . . . . .35 

in Blyth and Walden, Catalogue of mammals and birds of Burma : 
106. (Published as an "extra number" of /. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 
Aug. 1875.) Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1887.12.30.1154. 
Karen Hills, Burma, 9 Jan. 1875. Collected by Lord Walden. 
Tweeddale Collection. 
The tail measurement quoted is inaccurate. 

chrysocephalum — Heteropelma chrysocephalum Pelzeln, 1869 . 8 

Ornithologie Brasilien : 25, 185. The Natterer specimen received 
by Sclater (Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 322) in exchange from the 
Vienna Museum and listed by him as "authentic" is not a typical 
specimen and is now considered to belong to a different species. 
It has not therefore been segregated as a syntype. 

chrysogaster — Chloropsis chrysogaster McClelland, 1 840 . . 22 
in Horsfieid, Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1839 (publ. 1840) : 167. 
Syntype, Adult male (in poor condition). Reg. no. 1860.4.16.258. 
Assam. Collected by J. McClelland and presented by the Honour- 
able East India Company Museum. 



1 1 chrysogaster 

chrysogaster — Gerygone chrysogaster G. R. Gray, 1858 . 36 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1858 : 174. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1858.3.10.65. Aru Islands, 1857. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

chrysogaster — Megarhynchus chrysogaster P. L. Sclater, 1860 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loml., 1860 : 281. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.13.794. Babahoyo, Ecuador, Aug. 1859. Collected by 
L. Eraser. Sclater Collection. 

chrysoma — Embernagra chrysoma, P. L. Sclater, 1 860 . .49 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1860 : 275. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.2.10.527. Babahoyo, Ecuador, Aug. 1859. Collected by 
L. Eraser. Sclater Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

chrysomelas — Tachyphonus chrysomelas P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1 869 51 
Proc. zool. Soc. Loml., 1869 : 440. pi. 32. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1885.6.7.654. Cordillera del Chucu, Veragua, 1869. 
Collected by E. Arce. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

This is the specimen figured. The female syntype is also in the 
collection. 

chrysonota — Calliste chrysonota P. L. Sclater, 1850 .51 

in Jardine, Contributions to Ornithology : 50, pi. 51. Syntype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1885.6.12.279. Cayenne. Collected for 
Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 

This species was also described under the name of C. luteola by 
Sclater but the name was changed when pages in the above were 
suppressed and replaced {vide de Schauensee, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 
Philadelphia, 109 (1957) : 242). 

chrysoparia — Dendroeca chrysoparia ScXdiitr ?Lnd Sdih/xn, \%6Q . 54 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 298. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.3.8.261. (Tactic, on label), Vera Paz, Guatemala. (4 Nov. 
1859, on label.) Collected by O. Salvin. Salvin-Godman Collec- 
tion. 

chrysopasta — Euphonia chrysopasta P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1 869 . 51 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1869 : 438, pi. 30. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1885.6.12.173. Lower Ucayali River, Eastern Peru. 
Collected by E. Bartlett. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 1 1 (1886) : 83. 
There are four other syntypes in the collection. 

chrysopeplus — Coccothraustes chrysopephts Vigors, 1832 . . 50 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1832 : 4. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1855.12.19.19. Mexico (restricted to San Bias, Nayarit, by van 
Rossem, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool, Harv. 11 (1934) : 480). Collected 
by H. Cuming. Purchased of the Zoological Society of London. 



chrysops 1 1 1 

chrysophrys — CaUiste chrysophrys P. L. Sclater, 1851 . .51 

in Jardine, Contributions to Ornithology, Jan. 1851 : 24, 54, pi. 69. 
Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1885.6.12.247. Near Caraccas, 
Venezuela. Collected by D. Dyson. Sclater Collection. 

Labelled as the figured specimen, and listed as the type by Sclater, 
Catalogue of a collection of American birds (1862) : 64. 

chrysophrys — Clilorospingus chrysophrys P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 
1875 51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1875 : 235. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 

no. 1886.6.12.875. Merida, Venezuela. Collected by A. Goering. 

Sclater Collection. 
Listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 1 (1886) : 248. 

The second syntype is also in the collection. 

chrysopis — Nemosia chrysopis P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1880 . . 51 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1880 : 155. Holotype, Immature {vide 
Hellmayr, Novit. Zool, 13 (1906) : 310). Reg. no. 1885.6.7.706. 
Sarayacu, Ecuador. Collected by C. Buckley. Salvin-Godman 
Collection. 

chrysopleurus — Turdus chrysopleurus Swinhoe, 1874 . . .31 

Ibis, (3) 4 : 444. Holotype. 

This is also the holotype of Turdus campbelli Swinhoe, 1873 
(9.V.). 

chrysops — Setophaga chrysops Salvin, 1878 . . . .54 

Ibis, (4) 2 : 314, pi. 7. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1885.3.8. 

804. Santa Elena, Antioquia, Colombia, 1876. Collected by T. K. 
Salmon. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

chrysops — Sycalis chrysops P. L. Sclater, 1862 . . . .49 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 (publ. 1862) : 376. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1885.2.10.748. Southern Mexico. Collected for 
Parzudaki. Sclater Collection. 

chrysops — Sylvia chrysops Latham, 1801 . . . . .48 
Index Ornithologicus, Suppl. : liv. ?Holotype, Signed water-colour 
drawing. New South Wales. No. 134 in Watling, Original water- 
colour drawings .... Library of the Zoology Department, British 
Museum (Natural History). Vide Sharpe, Hist. Coll. Brit. Mus., 
2(1906) : 133. 

Vol. 2, no. 46 in Lambert drawings, in library at Knowsley, 
Lancashire (see introduction to this catalogue vol. 2). See also 
Mathews, Birds of Australia, 11 (1924) : 442. 

chrysops — Tyrannulus chrysops P. L. Sclater, 1859 ... 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 (publ. 1859) : 458. Syntype, Adult 
(female, vide Sclater, Catalogue of a Collection of American Birds 
(1862): 216). Reg. no. 1888.1.13.504. Gualaquiza, Ecuador, 
Jan. 1858. Collected by L. Eraser. Sclater Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 



112 chrysoptera 

chrysoptera — Diphyllodes speciosus var. dirysoptera Elliot, 1873 . 70 
Monograph of the Paradiseidae : pi. 13 and text. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1881.5.1.1733. (Jobi Island?, on label.) Gould Collec- 
tion. 

Gould lent Elliot the specimen for figuring. 

chrysoptera — lanthocincla chrysoptera Gould, 1835 . 32B 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1835 : 48. Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1838.5.12.106. Himalayas. Presented by Sir Philip 
Grey Egerton to the Zoological Society of London, whence it came 
via Gould. 

chrysoptera — Sitta chrysoptera Latham, 1801 . . .43 

Index Ornithologicus, Suppl. : xxxii. ?Holotype, Signed water- 
colour drawing. New South Wales. Nos. 81, 82 in Watling, 
Original water-colour drawings Library of Zoology De- 
partment, British Museum (Natural History). Vide Sharpe, Hist. 
Coll. Brit. Mus., 2 (1906) : 123. 

Vol. 3, no. 6 in Lambert drawings, in library at Knowsley, Lanca- 
shire. (See introduction to this catalogue, vol. 2.) See also 
Mathews, Birds of Australia, 11 (1923) : 55. 

chrysopterus — Merops chrysopterus Latham, ISOl . .48 

Index Ornithologicus, Suppl. : xxxiii. ? Syntypes, Water-colour 
drawings. New South Wales. No. 89, 90 //; Watling, Original 
water-colour drawings .... Library of the Zoology Department, 
British Museum (Natural History). Vide Sharpe, Hist. Coll. Brit. 
Mus., 2 (1906) : 125; Mathews, Birds of Australia 12 (1925) : 82. 

Vol. 1, no. 33 in Lambert Drawings, in library at Knowsley, 
Lancashire, (see introduction to this catalogue vol. 2). A signed 
drawing by Watling, no. 104, named Certhia mellivora by Latham, 
is also of this species. 

chrysorrhoa — Eopsaltria chrysorrhoa Gould, 1869 .37 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 4 : 109. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1881.5.1.1104. (Moreton Bay, on label), east part of New South 
Wales. Gould Collection. 

This specimen was labelled as the type. The female syntype is 
also in the collection. 

chuana — Alauda chuana Smith, 1836 . . . . . .17 

Report of the Expedition for exploring Central Africa . . . 1834; 
Appendix : 46. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1845. 
7.6.207. Beyond Latakoo. Collected by and purchased of Sir A. 
Smith. 

There is another syntype in the collection ; the selected specimen 
corresponds better with the description. See Roberts, Annals 
Transvaal Mus., 1935 : 320 for a note on the validity of the name. 

chubbi — Cisticola chubbi Sharpe, 1 892 . .35 

Ibis, (6) 4 : 157. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1893.12.1.24. 



chyulu 1 1 3 

Kimangitchi, Mount Elgon, 27 Feb. 1890. Collected and presented 
by F. J. Jackson. 

This specimen was presented as the type but a female syntype was 
also referred to in the description. 

chubbi — Lamprocolius chubbi Boyd Alexander, 1903 . .62 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 13 : 48. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 

1911.12.23.3737. Moka, Fernando Po, 16 Dec. 1902. Collected 
and bequeathed by Boyd Alexander. 

chubbi — Pv/e//a c/n/Z)6/ Ogilvie-Grant, 1912 . . . . .60 
Bull Brit. Orn. CI, 29 : 64. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1910.7.2.2. Marsabit, 4,000', Kenya, 8 Oct. 1909. Collected and 
presented by F. J. Jackson. 

This specimen was labelled as the type by the author but there are 
several other syntypes in the collection. 

chubbi — 5i7v/W/fl c/jw6Z)/ Ogilvie-Grant, 1910 . . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 27 : 10. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1910.10.6.1. Broken Hill, North-west Rhodesia, 12 Nov. 1909. 
Collected by the Rev. E. A. Rogers and E. C. Chubb. Presented 
by E. C. Chubb. 

chumbiensis — Fulvetta vinipectus chumbiensis Kinnear, 1939 . . 32B 

Ibis, (14) 3 : 751. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1933.11.16.64. 
Yatung, (10,000' on label), Chumbi Valley, Tibet, 15 May 1933. 
Collected by F. Ludlow on the Second Expedition to Tibet and 
presented by Ludlow and G. Sherriflf on behalf of the Salvin-Godman 
Fund. 

chyula — Alseonax minimus chyula V. G. L. van Someren, 1939 . 37 
J. E. Afr. and Uganda nat. Hist. Soc, 14 : 71. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1948.21.8. Chyulu Range, 5,500-7,200', Kenya, 
14 June 1938. Collected by V. G. L. van Someren. Presented by 
the Coryndon Museum, Nairobi. 

chyulu — Apalis griseiceps chyulu Y. G. L. van Someren, 1939 . 35 

/. E. Afr. and Uganda nat. Hist. Soc, 14 : 97. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1948.11.16. (Camp 3, on label.) Chyulu Range, 
Kenya, 26 June 1938. Collected by V. G. L. van Someren. 
Presented by the Coryndon Museum, Nairobi. 

chyulu — Arizelocichla milanjensis chyulu V. G. L. van Someren, 1939 21 
J. E. Afr. and Uganda nat. Hist. Soc, 14 : 64. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1 948. 1 1 . 1 7. Camp 3, 7,000', Chyulu Hills, Kenya, 
6 July 1938. Collected by V. G. L. van Someren and presented by 
the Coryndon Museum, Nairobi. 

chyulu — Cyanomitra olivacea chyulu V. G. L. van Someren, 1939 . 46 
./. E. Afr. and Uganda nat. Hist. Soc, 1 4 : 1 20. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1949.11.24. Chyulu Hills, 7,600', (Camp 3), Kenya, 14 
July 1938. Collected by V. G. L. van Someren. Presented by the 
Coryndon Museum, Nairobi. 



1 14 chyulu 

chyulu — Geokichla gurneyi chyulu V. G. L. van Someren, 1939 31 

J. E. Afr. and Uganda nat. Hist. Soc, 14 : 77. Hoiotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1948.11.12. Camp 3, 7,000', Chyulu Range, Kenya, 
4 July 1938. Collected by V. G. L. van Someren and presented by 
the Coryndon Museum, Nairobi. 

chyulu — Laniarius ferrugineus chyulu V. G. L. van Someren, 1939 23 

J. E. Afr. and Uganda nat. Hist. Soc, 14 : 107. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1948.11.22. Chyulu Hills, 5,600', Kenya, 18 June 
1938. Collected by V. G. L. van Someren and presented by the 
Coryndon Museum, Nairobi. 

chyulu — Melocichla mentalis chyulu V. G. L. van Someren, 1939 35 

J. E. Afr. and Uganda nat. Hist. Soc, 14 : 91. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1948.11.14. (Camp 3, on label), 5,600', Chyulu 
Range, Kenya, 26 June 1938. Collected by V. G. L. van Someren. 
Presented by the Coryndon Museum, Nairobi. 

chyulu — Pseudoalcippe abyssinicus chyulu V. G. L. van Someren, 

1939 32B 

/. E. Afr. and Uganda nat. Hist. Soc, 14 : 59. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1948.11.21. Camp 3, Chyulu Hills, 5,800', Kenya, 
29 June 1938. Collected by V. G. L. van Someren and presented 
by the Coryndon Museum, Nairobi. 

chyulu — Pycnonotus tricolor chyulu V. G. L. van Someren, 1939 . 21 
J. E. Afr. and Uganda nat. Hist. Soc, 14 : 60. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1948.11.20. Chyulu Hills, 6,500', Kenya, 27 April 
1938. Collected by V. G. L. van Someren and presented by the 
Coryndon Museum, Nairobi. 

chyulu — Schoenicola brevirostris chyulu V. G. L. van Someren, 1939 35 
J. E. Afr. and Uganda nat. Hist. Soc, 14 : 95. Holotype, Adult 
female. Reg. no. 1948.11.15. Camp 2, 5,600', Chyulu Range, 
Kenya, 10 June 1936. Collected by V. G. L. van Someren. Pre- 
sented by the Coryndon Museum, Nairobi. 

chyulu — Seicercus umbrovirens chyulu V. G. L. van Someren, 1939 . 35 
/. E. Afr. and Uganda nat. Hist. Soc, 14 : 89. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1948.11.9. Chyulu Range, Kenya, 6,000-7,000', 
21 June 1938. (5,600', 1 June 1938, on label.) Collected by V. G. L. 
van Someren. Presented by the Coryndon Museum, Nairobi. 

In spite of discrepancies between description and label, this speci- 
men which is labelled as the type appears to be the one on which 
the description was based. 

chyulu — Spinus citrinelloides chyulu van Someren, 1939 . . 59 

J. E. Afr. and Uganda nat. Hist. Soc, 14 : 127. Holotype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1948.11.26. Chyulu Hills, 6,560', Kenya, 
24 April 1938. Collected by V. G. L. van Someren. Presented by 
the Coryndon Museum, Nairobi. 



cinctura 1 1 5 

chyuluensis — Anthus nicholsoni chyuluensis V. G. L. van Someren, 

1939 19 

J. E. Afr. and Uganda nat. Hist. Soc, 14 : 56. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1948.11.25. Chyulu Camp, 5,000', Kenya, 4 May 
1938 (in text; 4 June on label). Collected by V. G. L. van Someren 
and presented by the Coryndon Museum, Nairobi. 

chyuluensis — Bradornis pallidus chyuluensis V. G. L. van Someren, 

1939 37 

J. E. Africa and Uganda nat. Hist. Soc, 14 : 69. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1948.11.7. Chyulu Range, 5,000-6,800', Kenya, 
7 June 1938. Collected by V. G. L. van Someren. Presented by 
the Coryndon Museum, Nairobi. 

chyuluensis — Bradypterus cinnamomeus chyuluensis V. G. L. van 

Someren, 1939 35 

J. E. Afr. and Uganda nat. Hist. Soc, 14 : 92. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1948.11.13. Chyulu Range, Kenya, 5 May 1938. 
Collected by V. G. L. van Someren. Presented by the Coryndon 
Museum, Nairobi. 

chyuluensis — Chlorocichla flaviventris chyuluensis V. G. L. van 

Someren, 1939 21 

/. E. Afr. and Uganda nat. Hist. Soc, 14 : 68. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1948.11.19. Camp 2, 5,000', Chyulu Hills, Kenya, 
23 May 1938. Collected by V. G. L. van Someren and presented 
by the Coryndon Museum, Nairobi. 

chyuluensis — Cryptospiza salvadorii chyuluensis V. G. L. van Someren, 

1939 60 

J. E. Afr. and Uganda nat. Hist. Soc, 14 : 125. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1948.11.27. Camp 3, 6,800', Chyulu, Kenya, 
30 June 1938. Collected by V. G. L. van Someren on the Coryndon 
Museum Expedition, 1938. Presented by the Coryndon Museum. 

chyuluensis — Phyllastrephus fischeri chyuluensis V. G. L. van Someren, 

1939 21 

J. E. Afr. and Uganda nat. Hist. Soc, 14 : 66. Holotype, Adult 
male. ' Reg. no. 1948.11.18. Camp 2, 5,800', Chyulu Hills, Kenya, 
28 May 1938. Collected by V. G. L. van Someren and presented by 
the Coryndon Museum, Nairobi. 

chyuluensis — Zosterops chyuluensis V. G. L. van Someren, 1939 . 47 
J. E. Afr. and Uganda nat. Hist. Soc, 14 : 114. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1948.11.24. Chyulu Range, 6,800', Camp 3, 
Kenya, 26 June 1938. Collected by V. G. L. van Someren. Pre- 
sented by the Coryndon Museum, Nairobi. 

cinctura — Melanocorypha cinctura Gou\d, 1839 . . . .17 

Zoology of the voyage of H. M.S. Beagle, 3 Birds : 87. Holotype, 
Adult. Reg. no. 1855.12.19.379. St. Jago, Cape Verde Islands, 
Sept. 1832. Collected by C. Darwin and purchased of the Zoologi- 
cal Society of London. 



1 1 6 Cinderella 

Cinderella — Urolais epichlora Cinderella Bates, 1928 . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 49 : 31. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1926.8.1.418. Oku, 6,000', Banso Mountains, west of Kumbo, 
Cameroons, 11 Feb. 1925. Collected by and purchased of G. L. 
Bates. 

cineracea — Mvzomela cineracea ¥. h. Sdater, IS19 .48 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1879 : 448, pi. 37. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1881.3.29.79. New Britain, May 1878. Collected by the 
Rev. G. Brown. Purchased of E. Gerrard. 

cineraceum — Trochalopteron cineraceum Godwin- Austen, 1874 . 32B 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1874 : 45, pi. 11. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1895.7.14.2249. Thobal Valley, Naga Hills, Munipur, 
India, 1872-73. Collected and presented by H. H. Godwin-Austen. 

cineraceus — Edolius cineraceus Horsfield, 1821 . .64 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 145. Holotype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1 880. 1 . 1 .4778. Java. Collected by T. Horsfield . 
Presented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 
The specimen is in very bad condition. 

cinerascens — Eurycercus cinerascens'^dXdiQn, \%1A . . .35 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 14 : 156. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.4.20.496. Dobri, Lower Bengal, 27 Nov. 1873. Collected 
by F. Day. Tweeddale Collection. 

cinerascens — Formicivora cinerascens ^.h. ScXzXtx:, \%51 . 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1857 : 131. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1855.12.17.92. Rio Napo, Ecuador. Gould Collection. 

Listed as type by Hellmayr, Novit. Zool, 12 (1905) : 287. There 
is a female syntype in the collection. 

cinerascens — Gerygone cinerascens Sharpe, 1878 . .36 

J. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 494. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1877.2. 
9.16. South-east New Guinea. Collected by and purchased of 
O. C. Stone. 

cinerascens — Muscicapa cinerascens Sharpe, 1 879 . . . .37 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 : 155. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1875. 
4.9.8. Fantee, Gold Coast. Collected by H. T. Ussher. Sharpe 
Collection. (See also appendix. Corrections and Additions, vol. 2.) 

cinerascens — Trichophorus cinerascens Hartlaub, 1858 . 21 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 293. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1858.1.4.122. Ashantee, West Africa. Purchased of J. Gould. 

cinerea — CoZ/wncwc/a cmerea Vigors and Horsfield, 1827 . . 39 
Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15 : 214. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1863.7.7.18a. Australia (=New South Wales? vide 
Mathews, Birds of Australia, 8 (1920) : 240). Collected by Caley. 
Presented by the Linnean Society. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 



cinereiceps 1 1 7 

cinerea — Rhipidura cinerea Wallace, 1 865 ..... 37A 
Proc. zooL Soc. Lond., 1865 : 477. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1873.5.12.456. East Ceram. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 

cinerea — Struthidea cinerea Gould, 1837 .66 

Synopsis of the Birds of Australia 1, pi. 9. (This was published in 
Jan. 1837. The description in Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1836 : 143 
was not published until June 1837.) Syntype, Adult (relaxed 
mount.) Old Vel. Cat. 9, 124. Interior of New South Wales. 
Collected for and presented by J. Gould. 

A female syntype in the Academy of Natural Sciences of Phila- 
delphia was referred to as the type by W. Stone and G. M. Mathews, 
Austral Avian Record, 1 (1913) : 180, but not listed by De Schauensee, 
Proc. Acad. nat. Set. Phil, 109 (1957) : m-lAe. 

cinerea — Vanga cinerea Gould, 1837. . . . . .68 

Synopsis of the birds of Australia pt. 1 : pi. 2. (publ. Jan. 1837). 
A specimen purchased from Gould, registered as the type, and refer- 
red to as such by Sharpe, Hist. Coll. Brit. Mus., 2 (1906) : 375, is a 
female. It may be the bird referred to in the description by Gould, 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1836 : 143, but this was not published until 
June 1837. The bird described and figured in the Synopsis is an 
adult male, and there is none from Tasmania in the collection. The 
male listed by Stone and Mathews, Austral Avian Record, 1 (1913) : 
168 in the collection of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Phila- 
delphia may therefore be the type, although not subsequently listed 
by De Schauensee, Proc. Acad. Nat. Set. Philad., 109 (1957) :123- 
246. 

cinereiceps — Cyclorhynchus cinereiceps P. L. Sclater, 1859 9 

Ibis, (1)1: 443. Holotype, Adult (male, vide Sclater, Catalogue of 
a collection of American Birds, 1862 : 220). Reg. no. 1888.1.13.715. 
Playa Vicente, Oaxaca, Mexico. Collected by A. Salle for A. 
Boucard. Sclater Collection. 

cinereiceps — Drymocataphus cinereiceps Twecddale, IS7S . 32B 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1887:617. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1888.4.20.1134. Puerto Princesa, Palawan, PhiUppines, 
Jan. 1878. Collected by A. Everett. Tweeddale Collection. 

cinereiceps — Hylophilus cinereiceps P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1860 . 56 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 299. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.3.10.151. Choctam, Vera Paz, Guatemala. (Jan. 1860, on 
label.) Collected by O. Salvin. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

cinereiceps — Oxylabes cinereiceps ShdiX^Q, X^i'&X .21 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1881 : 197. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1880.5.1.20. Fianarantsoa, east Madagascar. Collected by the 
Rev. W. D. Cowan and purchased of J. E. Harting. 
Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 (1883) : 571. 



1 1 8 cinereiceps 

cinereiceps — Pseudogerygone cinereiceps Sharpe, 1886 . .36 

Nature, 34 : 340. Holotype, Adult (female, vide Gould, Birds of 
New Guinea, 2 (1886) : pi. 14). Reg. no. 1888.3.24.44. South-east 
New Guinea. Vide Gould, op. cit. (Sogeri District, 1 ,750', Astro- 
labe Mountains, 26 Oct. 1881, on label). Collected by and pur- 
chased of H. O. Forbes. 

cinereiceps — Trochalopterum cinereiceps Styan, 1887 . . 32B 

Ibis, (5) 5 : 167, pi. 6. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1887.3.8.23. 
"Bought alive in Hankow, said to be from Yunnan, south-west 
China." Collected and presented by F. W. Styan. 
The second syntype was still alive at the date of first description. 

cinereiceps — Tyrannulus cinereiceps P. L. Sclater, 1 860 ... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 69. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.13.478. Pallatanga, Ecuador (Oct. 1858, on label). 
Collected by L. Fraser. Sclater Collection. 

cinereicollis — Basileuterus cinereicoUis P. L. Sclater, 1864 . . 54 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1864 : 166. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1884.5.15.444. Interior of Colombia. Collected for Verreaux. 
Sclater Collection. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

cinereicollis — Pliyllergates cinereicollis Sharpe, \SS8 . .35 

Ibis, (5) 6 -.479. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1889.7.1.60. Kina 
Balu Mountain, Borneo, 15 Feb. 1887. Collected and presented by 
J. Whitehead. 

The specimen lacks a tail. 

cinereifrons — Brachypus cinereifrons Tweeddale, 1878 . . .21 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., IS7S : 617. Syntype, Adult male. Reg.no. 
1888.4.1.654. Puerta Princesa, Palawan, Philippines, 14 Dec. 
1877. Collected by A. Everett. Tweeddale Collection. 
There is also a female syntype in the collection. 

cinereigulare — Todirostrum cinereigulare P. L. Sclater 1857 . . 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1856 (publ. 1857) : 295. The type was a 
specimen collected by A. Salle in Cordova, Vera Cruz. The speci- 
men collected by Boucard from Oaxaca and listed as the type by 
Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 77, cannot be accepted. 

cinereigularis — Dicaeum cinereigularis Tweeddale, 1878 . 45 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1877 (publ. 1878) : 829. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1888.7.12.78. Butuan, Mindanao, Philippines, 
May 1877. Collected by A. O. Everett. Tweeddale Collection. 

This specimen was labelled as the type by the author but not 
designated. There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

cinereiventris — Myrmotherula cinereiventris P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 

1867 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1867 : 756. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 



cinnamomeoventris 1 1 9 

no. 1889.9.20.315. Cayenne, French Guiana. Sclater Collection. 
Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 244. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

cinereiventris — Pachyrhamphus cinereiventris Sclater, 1862 . . 7 

Catalogue of a collection of American birds : 242. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1888.1.13.1497. Santa Marta, Colombia. Col- 
lected for Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 

cinereocapilla — Prinia cinereocapilla Moore, 1854 . .35 

in Horsfield and Moore, Catalogue of birds in the Museum of the 
Honourable East India Company. 1 : 322. Holotype, Adult 
(relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.3061. (Hodgson's no. 890.) 
Nepal. Collected by B. H. Hodgson. Presented by the 
Honourable East India Company Museum. 

The specimen has a broken bill. Moore used a Hodgson MS. 
name. 

cinereoniger — Thamnophilus cinereoniger Pelzeln, 1869 ... 4 
Zur Ornithologie Brasiliens, : 76. 143. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1889.9.20.51. Rio Amajau, Brazil, 16 Sept. 1831. Col- 
lected by J. Natterer. P. L. Sclater Collection. 

This specimen and two others in the collection were listed as 
"authentic specimens" by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 
193. 

cinereus — Erythropvgia coryphaeus cinereus Macdonald, 1952 . 31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 72 :'91. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1950.50.355. 16 miles north of Port Nolloth, 50', Little Namaqua- 
land, 19 Dec. 1949. Collected and presented by the South-West 
Africa Expedition. 

cinereus — Euprinodes cinereus Sharpe, 1891 . . . .35 

Ibis, (6) 3 : 120. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1893.12.1.21. 
Mount Elgon, north-east of Lake Victoria Nyanza, (25 Feb. 1890, 
vide Sharpe, Ibis, (6) 4(1892) : 155) Collected and presented as the 
type by F. J. Jackson, but a second male specimen was also available. 

clntrtus^Malacopteron cinereus Eyton, 1839 .... 32B 
Proc. zool. Sac. Lond., 1839 : 103. Specimen Brit. Mus. Reg. no. 
1881.2.18.24. is marked "original spec." but does not agree with the 
type-description and was not accepted as typical material by 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) : 566. 

cinnamomeoventris — lole virescens cinnamomeoventris E. C. S. Baker, 

1917 21 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 38 : 16. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886.9. 
1.1081. Tenasserim Town, 25 Nov. 1874. Collected by W. 
Davison. 

This is the author's selected male. His selected female syntype is 
also in the collection 



1 20 cinnamomeum 

cinnamomeum — Trochalopterum cinnamomeum Davison, 1886 . 32B 

Ibis, (5) 4:204. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1886.7.31.2. Hills 
to east of Cannanore, Travancore, India. Collected for A. 
Macgregor and presented by the Trivandrum Museum, Travancore. 

cinnamomeus — Cinclosoma cinnamomeus Gould, 1846 . . . 32A 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1846 : 68. Holotype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1846.5.22.87. The Depot, lat. 29° 40' S., central 
Australia, 9 June 1845 (i.e., near Milparinka, north-west New South 
Wales, vide Whittell, The Literature of Australian Birds, 1954 : 694). 
Collected and presented by Captain Charles Sturt. 

cinnamomeus — Drymocataphus cinnamomeus Rippon, 1900 . 32B 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 11 : 12. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1900. 

12.20.286. Loi Mai, 6,000', South Shan States, 15 April 1899. 
Collected and presented by G. Rippon. 

citrinifrons — Ochthoeca citrinifrons P. L. Sclater, 1862 ... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1862 : 113. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.67. Highlands of Ecuador. Collected for J. Gould. 
Sclater Collection. 

citriniventris — Attila citriniventrisV.'L. Sdaitr, \%59. ... 7 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859:40. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.1572. Upper Amazon, Eastern Peru. Collected for 
Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Catalogue of a Collection of American 
Birds, 1862 : 195. 

citriniventris — Ember iza citriniventris P. L. Sclater, 1905 . . 49 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 16 : 39. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1905.10.11.2. Kuryatein, Syria, 8 April 1905. Collected by and 
purchased of D. Carruthers. 

citrinus — Megalurus citrinus G. R. Gray and Mitchell, 1848 . 35 

77?^ Genera of Birds, 1 : pi. 48. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. Old 
Vellum Cat. no. 412b (Vol. 14). Java. Collected by T. Horsfield. 
Presented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 

clanceyi — Emberiza calandra clanceyir R. Meinertzhagen, 1947 49 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 67 :91. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1965. M. 38. Aran Island, County Galway, West Ireland, 7 Feb. 
1947. Meinertzhagen Collection. 

clanceyi — Pytilia melba clanceyi Wolters, 1963 . . . .60 
J. Orn., 104 : 186. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1915.12.24. 
1657. Wau, Bahr-el-Ghasal, Sudan, 3 April 1908. Collected by 
E. P. Blancowe. Presented by A. L. Butler. 

clara — Hirundo lucida clara Bates, 1933 . . . .18 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 53 : 9. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1930. 
3.4.104. 70 miles east of Wagadugu, Upper Volta, 20 May 1928. 
Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 



claudi 121 

clarkei — Coccopvgia clarkei Shelley, 1903 . . . . .60 

Bull. Brit. O'rn. CI, 13 : 75. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1889.7.20.433. Richmond Road, Natal, 8 Dec. 1881. Collected 
by S. Reid. Shelley Collection. 

clarkei — Turdoides leucopygia clarkei Macdonald, 1939 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 60 : 10. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1938.5.18.1. Gummaro, near Gore, west Abyssinia, 11 July 1917. 
Collected by O. Kovacs and presented by Johannes Effendi. 

clarkei — Turdus philomelos clarkei Hartcrt, 1909 . . . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 23 : 54. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1936.10.15.12. Tring Park, Hertfordshire, England, 16 May 1902. 
Collected by E. Hartert and presented by the American Museum 
of Natural History, New York, from the Rothschild Collection. 

clarki—/A«/w5 c/arA:/ Gates, 1894 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 3 : 41. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1894.7.3.60. 
Mount Byingyi, 5,500', Shan States, Burma, March 1894. Col- 
lected and presented by E. W. Gates. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

clarus — Turdinulus epilepidotus clarus Robinson and Kloss, 1919 . 32B 
Ibis, (11) 1 : 582. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919.12.20.292. 
Dalat, 5,000', south Annam, 3 May 1918. Collected by C. B. Kloss 
and presented by H. C. Robinson and Kloss. 

This is the authors' selected male. Their selected female syntype 
is also in the collection. 

claudei— ^/7a//5 claudei W. L. Sclater, 1910 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 27 : 15. Holotype, male. Reg. no. 1905.12. 
29.2039. Knysna District, Cape Colony, 3 March 1905. Col- 
lected by C. H. B. Grant. Presented by C. D. Rudd. 

claudei — Crateropus tenebrosus claudei ^a.nnQvvm.n, \9\9 . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 39 : 99. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1919.10.12.150. Poko, Welle River, north Belgian Congo, 13 Aug. 
1914. Collected by C. Christy and presented by the Musee Royale 
D'Afrique Centrale, Tervuren, Belgium. 

claudei — Lioptilus claudei Boyd Alexander, 1902 .... 32B 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 13 : 34. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1911. 
12.23.2345. Near Bakaki, Fernando Po (on label), 17 Nov. 1902. 
Collected and bequeathed by Boyd Alexander. 

The locality in the text, Mount St. Ysabel, is that of the female 
syntype, in the collection, collected on 26 Nov. ; vide Boyd Alexander, 
Ibis, (S) 3 (]903) : 382. 

claudi — Thamnolaea claudi Boyd Alexander, 1906 . . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 16 : 124. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1936.2.21.77. Pettia, Lake Chad, central Africa, 25 Aug. 1904. 
Collected by Boyd Alexander. Boyd Alexander Collection; pur- 
chased of his nephew. 



1 22 claudii 

claudii — Cicinnurus regius claudii Ogi\vie-GTant, 1915 . . .70 
Ibis, (10) 2, Jubilee Supplement : 16, and text figures 1 and 2. 
Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1916.5.30. 1 140. Parimau, Mimika 
River, Dutch New Guinea, 18 Nov. 1910. Collected by C. H. B. 
Grant. Presented by British Ornithologists' Union New Guinea 
Expedition. 

This is the author's selected male, his selected female and several 
other syntypes are also in the collection. 

cleaveri — Drvmocataphus cleaveri Shdley, 1814 .323 

Ibis, (3) 4 : 89. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1 895.5. 1 . 1 378. Fantee, 
West Africa. Collected by S. T. D. Aubinn. Shelley Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

cleghorniae — Franklinia cleghorniae Blyth, 1867 . . . .35 

Ibis, (2) 3 : 24. A single specimen was "made over to Mr Gould". 
This specimen, from the banks of the Ganges, was listed as the type 
by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) : 247, but cannot now be 
traced. 

clio — Pachycephala clio Wallace, 1 862 . . . . .39 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1862 : 341. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1873.5.12.528. Sula Island, 1861. Collected by A. R.Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

cobanensis — Vireosyhia cobanensis P. L. Sclater, 1860 . .56 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1860 : 463. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1886.9.15.246. Coban, Vera Paz, Guatemala. (Nov. 1859, on 
label.) Collected by O. Salvin. Sclater Collection. 
There are other syntypes in the collection. 

cohhi— Troglodytes cobbi Chubb, 1909 28 

Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 25 : 16. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1909.10. 
20.37. Falkland Islands (Caracass Island on label), July 1908. 
Collected and presented by A. F. Cobb. 

cobumi — Turdus coburni Sharpe, 1901 . . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 12 : 28. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1902.6.13.7. North of Iceland, 7 July 1899. Collected and pre- 
sented by F. Coburn. 

cockburniae — Anthus cockburniae Oates, 1890 . . . .19 
in Oates and Blanford, The Fauna of British India; Birds, 2 : 305. 
Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1881.2.1.3061. Kotagherry, 
Nilgiri Hills, India, 14 Mar. 1871. Collected by Miss Cockburn. 
Hume Collection. 
The other syntype is also in the collection. 

cockerelii — Philemon cockerelli P. L. Sclater, ISll . . .48 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1877 : 104. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1878.3.14.5. New Britain, Feb. 1876. Collected by the Rev. G. 
Brown. Purchased of E. Gerrard. 



coelivox 1 23 

cockerelli — Ptilotis cockerelli Gould, 1 869 . . . .48 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 4 : 109. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1881.5.1.5561. Somerset, Cape York, Queensland. Collected by 
Cockerell. Gould Collection. 

This specimen was labelled as type by the author and registered 
as such. The described female syntype is also in the collection. 

codea — Alauda codea Smith, 1843 . .17 

Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa, 2 {Aves) : pi. 87, fig. 2. 
Syntype, Adult female (in winter plumage, vide Shelley, Birds of 
Africa, 3 (1902) : 35), (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1845.7.6.212. 
Collected by and purchased of Sir A. Smith. 

The immature male syntype is in the collection. Both specimens 
were listed as types by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 524. 

codringtoni — Hypochaera codringtoni Neave, 1907 . . .61 

Mem. Proc. Manchester Lit. Phil. Soc, 51 (10) : 94. Holotype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1907.12.29.140. MoHlo's, near Petauke, 
(East Loangwa Valley, on label). Northern Rhodesia, 3 Feb. 1905. 
Collected by S. A. Neave. Presented by the British South Africa 
Company. 

coelestis — Hypothymis coelestis Tweeddale, 1877 . . . .37 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 20 : 536. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1877.12.30.854. Dinagat, PhiHppines, June 1877. Col- 
lected by A. Everett. Tweeddale Collection. 

coelica — Erythrura prasina coelica E. C. S. Baker, 1925 . . 60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 45 : 84. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1888.8.13.42. Marintan-an, Borneo, Feb. 1888. Collected by 
A. H. Everett. Purchased of E. Gerrard. 

coelicolar — Grandala coelicolar Hodgson, 1843 . . .31 

/. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 12 : 447. Syntype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1844.12.27.1. "Northern region of Cachar." 
Presented by B. H. Hodgson. 

Listed as type by Seebohm, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 5 (1881) : 329. 
There is also an immature syntype in the collection, which is also the 
holotype of G. schistacea Hodgson, q.v. 

coelicolor — Calliste coelicolor P. L. Sclater, 1851 . . .51 

in Jardine, Contributions to Ornithology : 51. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1885.6.12.219. Anolaima, New Grenada. Collected for 
Leadbetter. Sclater Collection. 

coelivox — Alauda coelivox Swinhoe, 1859 . . . . .17 

Zoologist, 1859 : 6724. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1890.1.29. 
120. Amoy, China. Seebohm Collection; obtained by him from 
R. Swinhoe. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 



1 24 coeruleotincta 

coeruleotincta — Lioptila pulchella coeruleotincta Rothschild, 1921 . 32B 
Novit. ZooL, 28 : 38. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1921.7.15. 
291. Tengyueh District, Shweli-Salwin Divide, 6,000-7,000', Yun- 
nan, May 1919. Collected by G. Forrest and presented by 
Stephenson Clarke. 
The three other syntypes are also in the collection. 

coerulifrons — Cyornis magnirostris coerulifrons E. C. S. Baker, 1918 37 
Bull. Brit. dm. CI., 39 : 8. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1916.12.27.912. Klong Bang Lai, Siam, 24 Jan. 1916. Collected 
by C. Chunggat for E. G. Herbert. Presented by E. G. Herbert. 

cognita — Crvptolopha burkii cognita La Touche, 1922 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orrt. CI., 43 : 42. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1900.1.18.84. Kautun, North-west Fohkien, China, 6 April 1898. 
Collected and presented by C. B. Rickett. 

According to Bangs, Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard, 70 (1930) : 
340, the male syntype is at Harvard. 

colimae — Buarremon vireiiticeps colimae van Rossem, 1938 49 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 58 : 125. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1894.7.1.972. Sierra Nevada de Colima, 8,000-12,000 ft., Jalisco, 
Mexico, 8 April, 1889. Collected by W. B. Richardson. Salvin- 
Godman Collection 

colimae — Junco phaeonotus colimae van Rossem, 1938 . .49 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 58 : 132. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1 899.2. 1 .2255. Sierra Nevada de Colima (Jalisco, on label), Mexico, 
9 Apr. 1889. Collected by W. Lloyd and W. B. Richardson. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 

colimae — Troglodytes brunneicollis colimae Van Rossem, 1938 28 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 59 : 14. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1890.12.20.568. Sierra Nevada de Colima, 12,000', south Jalisco, 
Mexico, 5 Dec. 1889. Collected by W. B. Richardson. Salvin- 
Godman Collection. 

coUaris — Mirafra collaris Sharpe, 1896 . . . .17 

Bull. Br. dm. CI., 5 : 24. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1966.1.1. (Aimola, 40° E., 4° N., vide Donaldson Smith, Geogr. J., 
16 (1900) : 712, map), 14 March 1895. Collected and presented by 
Dr. A. Donaldson Smith. 

collaris — Pachycephala collaris Ramsay, 1 878 . . . .39 

Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 3 : 74. Syntype, Adult male. 

Reg. no. 1895.12.24.2. Coutance Island, south-east coast of New 

Guinea. Collected and received in exchange from E. P. Ramsay. 

The female syntype is also in the collection. 



commixtus 125 

collaris — Ploecus collaris J. E. Gray, 1831 . . . . .61 

Zoological Miscellany 1 : 6. Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. Old Vellum Cat. 21. no. 81a. Sierra Leone. Collected 
and presented by Sir E. Sabine. 

Preoccupied by Ploceus collaris Vieillot, Nouvelle Dictionaire 
cVHistoire Naturelle, 34 (1819) : 129, and renamed Hyphantomis 
mco/or Hartlaub, 1854. 

collaris — Ploceus collaris Eraser, 1842 . . . . .61 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1842 : 142. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1847.1.18.3. St. Thomas Island, West Africa. Collected by 
and purchased of L. Eraser, from the voyage of H. M.S. Wilberforce 
to the River Niger. 

Preoccupied by Ploceus collaris Vieillot, Nouvelle Dictionaire 
cVHistoire Naturelle, 34 (1819) : 129 and renamed Hyphantomis 
grandis G. R. Gray, 1849. There are three other syntypes in the 
collection. 

coWtiii—Poliopsar collet ti Sharpe, 1888 62 

Ibis, (5) 6 :477. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1886.11.19.8. No 
data available. Presented by R. Coilett of the Christiania Museum. 

colliei — Pica colliei Vigors, 1829 . . .71 

Zoological Journal, {London,) A, no. 15:353, pi. 12. Holotype, 
Adult. Reg. no. 1967.14.1. San Bias (Nyarit, Mexico, on label). 
Collected by A. Collie and presented by him to the Zoological 
Society, from which it was subsequently received but only recently 
registered. 

collingwoodi — Rhynchocyclus flaviventris collingwoodi Chubb, 1920 9 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 40 : 109. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1909. 
8.7.168. Macqueripes Valley, Trinidad (Tuches Valley, on label)., 
27 Dec. 1905. Collected and presented by H. Collingwood Ingram. 

collsi — Erythropygia collsi Boyd Alexander, 1907 .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 19 : 46. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.1880. Libokwa, Welle River (Joga River on label), 
north Belgian Congo, 8 March 1906. Collected and bequeathed 
by Boyd Alexander. 

colombiana — Spermophila colombiana Sharpe, 1888 . .59 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 : 99. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1885.12.14.520. Bogota, Colombia. Collected by G. Crowther. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 

commixtus — Parus commixtus Swinhoe, 1868 .42 

Ibis, (2) 4 : 63. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1898.9.20.100. Amoy, 
China, April 1866. Collected for R. Swinhoe. Seebohm 
Bequest. 

This specimen was labelled as the type. The immature syntype 
referred to in the description is also in the collection. 



1 26 comorensis 

comorensis — Artainia comorensis Shelley, 1894 . . . .24 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 3 : 42. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1895.5.1. 
1436. Great Comoro Island. Collected by Dr. Kirk. Shelley 
Collection. 

comorensis — Zosterops comorensis Shelley, 1900 . . .47 

Birds of Africa, 2 : 196, p.l 9. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1895.5.1.2230. Great Comoro Island. Collected for Dr. Kirk. 
Shelley Collection. 

compressirostris — Mviolestes compressirostris Layard, 1876 . . 38 

Ibis, (3) 6 : 153". Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1897.6.1.625. 
Kandavu, Fiji Islands. Collected by C. Pearce. Seebohm Bequest. 

comptus — Buarremon comptus P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1879 . . 49 

Ibis, (4) 3 : 426. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1885.5.8.434. Mara- 
vina, Ecuador. 1876. Collected by C. Buckley. Salvin-Godman 
Collection. 
A second syntype is also in the collection. 

comrii — Manucodia comrii Sclater, 1876 . . .70 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond,, 1876:459, pi. 41. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1887.11.20.373. Huon Gulf, south-east New Guinea, 
May 1874. Collected by Dr. Comrie, from the survey by H.M.S. 
Basilisk under Captain Moresby. Tweeddale Collection. 

concinens — Calamoherpe concinens Swinhoe, 1870 .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1870 : 432. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1898.9.1.1274. Pekin, 2 July 1868. Collected by R. Swinhoe. 
Seebohm Bequest. 

conciima — Euphonia concinna P. L. Sclater, 1855 . .51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1854 (publ. 1855) : 98, pi. 65. Syntype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1885.6.12.99. Bogota, Colombia. Collec- 
ted for Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 11 (1886) : 44. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

concinna — Pitta concinna Gould, 1857 . .12 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., \S57 : 65. Syntype, Adult male. Reg.no. 
1881.5.1.4544. Lombock Island, 1856. Collected by A. R. 
Wallace. Gould Collection. 

Gould, Birds of New Guinea, 4 (1879) : pi. 31, states that the typi- 
cal specimens were in his collection. The female syntype is also 
in the collection. 

concinna — Psaltria concinna Gould, 1855 .40 

Birds of Asia, 2 : 65. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1881.5.1.1848. 
Chasan, China, Feb. 1842. Collected for T. C. Eyton. Gould 
Collection. 



condorensis 1 27 

concolor — Andropadus concolor Bates, 1926 . . . .21 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 46 : 89. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1926.8.8.3. Lake Bambulue, 6,000', near Bamenda, north-west 
Cameroon, 2 Feb. 1925. Collected by and purchased of G. L. 
Bates. 

concolor — Cinnyris concolor Sykes, 1832 . . . . .46 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1832 : 99. Syntype, Adult (female, vide 
Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 9 (1884) : 18). Reg. no. 1860.4.16.68. 
Deccan, India. Collected by W. H. Sykes. Presented by the 
Honourable East India Company Museum. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

concolor — Dendrocolaptes concolor Pdzeln, IS6S ... 2 

Zur Ornithologie Brasiliens : 43, 62. Syntype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1889.5.20.652. Borba, Brazil, 28 June 1830. Collected 
by J. Natterer. P. L. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as "authentic specimen" by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
15 (1890) : 174. Hellmayr, Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 
4 (1925) : 259, restricted the type locality to Borba. 

concolor — Hirundo concolor Sykes, 1832 . . .18 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1832 : 83. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1880.1.1.2724. Deccan, India. Collected by W. H. 
Sykes, and presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 

There are three other syntypes in the collection. Gould, Proc. 
zool. Soc. Lond., 1837 : 22, used the same name for a different bird, 
apparently unaware of Sykes' description, but subsequently renamed 
his species Progne modesta Gould, 1839. 

concolor — Hirundo concolor Gould, 1837 .18 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1837 : 22. Holotype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1860.1.16.54. Galapagos Islands (James Island, 
vide Peters, Checklist of Birds of the World, 9 ( 1 960) : 87). Collected 
by C. Darwin on the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle and purchased of 
J. Gould. 

The name is preoccupied by H. concolor Sykes, 1832 {q.v.), and was 
renamed Progne modesta by Gould, Zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. 
Beagle, 3 Birds (1839) : 39, although no reason was given. 

concolor — Horeites acanthizoides concolor Ogilvie-Grant, 1912 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 29 : 107. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1913.1.29.40. Mount Arizan, 8,000', Formosa, April 1912. Col- 
lected by W. Goodfellow. Purchased of E. J. Johnstone. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

condorensis — Mixornis ruhricapilla condorensis Robinson, 1921 . 328 
J. nat. Hist. Soc. Siam, 4 : 88. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1955.1.5989. Pulo Condore, coast of Cochin China, 8 Sept. 1919. 
Collected for and presented by Sir W. J. F. Williamson. 



128 congica 

congica — Lagonisticta congica Sharpe, 1890 . . . .60 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 : 280, pi. 11. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1887.8.12.11. Kassongo, Upper Congo, June. Col- 
lected by and purchased of F. Bohndorff. 

congicus — Dryoscopiis congicus Sharpe, 1901 . . . .23 

in Jackson, Ibis, (8) 1 : 39. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1878.2.23.64. St. Antoine, Lower Congo River. Collected by Dr. 
Lucan and purchased of A. Bouvier. 
The other syntype is also in the collection. 

congicus — Erythrocercus congicus Ogilvie-Grant, 1907 . .38 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 19 : 41. Adult male. Reg. no. 1906.12.23.1520. 
(Irumu, Ituri Forest, vide Ogilvie-Grant, Trans, zool. Soc. Lond., 
19 (1910): 403), 3,000', Eastern Congo Forest, 16 Oct. 1906. 
Collected by R. E. Dent. Presented by the subscribers to the 
Ruwenzori Expedition. 

Congo — Cisticola pipiens conga LynQS, 1936 . . . . .35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 56 : 110. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1936.4.13.2. Elizabethville, 4,000', South-east Congo, 10 Jan. 
1934. Collected by Admiral H. Lynes and J. Vincent. Presented 
by Admiral H. Lynes. 

congrevei — Parus palustris congrevei Kinnear, 192S . . .42 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 49 : 50. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1928.6.16.32. Reytezet, 3,400', (near Guraylata, in register), 
Transylvania, 14 April 1928. Collected and presented by W. M. 
Congreve. 

conirostris — Alauda conirostris Sundevall, 1850 . .17 

K. svenska Vetensk-Akad. Handl. Stockholm, 7 : 99. Syntype, 
Adult female. Reg. no. 1878.12.31.734. Megaliesberg Range, 
Transvaal, 28 Oct. 1844. Collected by J. Wahlberg. Sharpe Col- 
lection; received by Sharpe in exchange with the Stockholm 
Museum. 

Listed as "one of the typical specimens" by Sharpe, Proc. zool. 
Soc. Lond., 1874 : 631. 

connectens — Alophoixus phaeocephalus connectens Chasen and Kloss, 

1929 21 

J. Orn., 1929 (2) : 114. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1947. 
60.46. Bettotan, near Sandakan, British North Borneo, 6 July 
1927 (in text; 6 Aug. 1927 on label). Presented by the Raffles 
Museum, Singapore. 

connectens — Vireo gilvus connectens van Rossem, \940 . . 56 

Trans. San Diego Soc. Nat. Hist., 9 : 77. Holotype, Immature, 
Reg. no. 1891.11.3.244. Chilpancingo, 4,600', Sierra Madre del 
Sur, Guerrero, Mexico, Aug. 1888. Collected by D. W. Smith. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 



continentis 129 

consanguineus — Analcipus consanguineus Wardlaw Ramsay, 1881 . 63 
Ibis, (4) 5 : 33, pi. 1. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1887.11.20. 
627. Paio, Sumatra. Collected by Bock. Tweeddale Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

consobrina — Formicivora consobrina P. L. Sclater, 1860 . . 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860:279. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.9.20.372. Babahoya, Ecuador, Aug. 1859. Collected by 
L. Fraser. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Catalogue of American Birds, 1862 : 183. 
The female syntype is in the collection. 

consobrinus — Aegithalus consobrinus Swinhoe, 1870 . .41 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1870 : 133. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1898.9.20.456. Sha-she, on Ichang River, Hupeh, China, 
4 April 1869. Obtained by Swinhoe as a captive specimen. 
Seebohm Bequest. 

consobrinus — Oriolus consobrinus Wardlaw Ramsay, 1879 63 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1879 : 907. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1887.11.20.526. Sandakan, North Borneo. Collected by 
Cutter. Tweeddale Collection. 

consobrinus — Philydor consobrinus P. L. Sclater, 1870 ... 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1870 : 328. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.5.20.358. Bogota, Colombia, 1869. Collected for Verreaux. 
Sclater Collection. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

conspicillata — Microeca conspicillata G. R. Gray, \859 . . 36 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 : 156. Syntype, Adult (female, vide 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 (1879) : 222). Reg. no. 1859.418.32. 
Dorey, New Guinea. Collected by A. R. Wallace. Purchased of 
Stevens. 
A second syntype is also in the collection. 

conspicillatus — Basileuterus conspicillatus Salvin and Godman, 1880 54 
Ibis, (4) 4 : 117. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1885.3.8.661. 
San Jose, Santa Marta, Colombia. 8 June 1879. Collected by F. 
Simons. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

continentalis — Emberiza yessoensis continentalis Witherhy, 1913 49 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 31 : 74. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1924.12.20.6. Yashwanen, near Nanking, China, 31 Jan. 1911. 
Collected by H. Lynes. Presented by H. F. Witherby. 

continentis — Calyptomena viridis continentis Robinson and Kloss, 

1923 1 

J.F.M.S. Mus., II : 54. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1947.60. 
73. Tasan, Chumporn, Siam, 14 Mar. 1919. Collected by H. C. 



1 30 cooki 

Robinson and C. B. Kloss, and presented by the Raffles Museum, 
Singapore. 
There is a female syntype in the collection. 

cooki — Cvanopica cooki Bonaparte, 1851 . . . .71 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1850 (publ. Mar. 1851) : 86. Holotype, 
Adult. Reg. no. 1855.12.19.404. South Spain, (1831). Collected 
and presented by Captain S. E. Cook. 

Although this is accepted as the type collected and presented by 
Captain S. E. Cook, it appears to have been registered, at a later date, 
with material from the Zoological Society Museum. Cyanopica 
cooki Bonaparte, Report of the British Association, Birmingham, 
1849 : 75, is a nomen nudum. 

cooki — Suva crinigera cooki Harington, 1913 . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 31 : 109. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1886.10.1.1178. Thayetmyo, Burma, 1 Sept. 1872. Collected by 
E. W. Oates. Hume Collection. 

coquerellii — Nectarinia coquerellii Hartlauh, IS60 . .46 

J. Orn., 1860 : 90. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1878.12.31. 
862. Mayotte Island, Comoro Islands, 1860. {vide Schlegel, Proc. 
zool. Soc. Lond., 1866 : 421). Collected by Coquerel. R. B. Sharpe 
collection. 

Sharpe used a Verreaux MS. name. The specimen is labelled as 
the type, apparently by Verreaux, who presented it to Sharpe. 

coracina — Pipra coracina P. L. Sclater, 1 856 .... 8 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1856 : 29. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.1268. Bogota, New Colombia. Collected for M. 
Verreaux. Sclater Collection 

Sclater used a Verreaux MS. name. The immature and female 
syntypes are also in the collection. 

coracinus — Phrygilus coracinus P. L. Sclater, 1891 .49 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1891 : 133, pi. 13. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1896.12.28.1. 8 leagues from Sacaya, Tarapaca, Chile, 20 March 
1890. Collected by A. A. Lane. Presented by H. Berkeley James. 
Listed as the type by Hellmayr and Conover, Catalogue of birds of 
the Americas, 11 (1938) : 350. The second syntype is also in the 
collection. 

corallina — Sitta corallina Hodgson, 1836 .43 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 5 : 779. Syntype, Adult (female, vide Gadow, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 8 (1883) : 359). Reg. no. 1843.1.13.254. 
Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
Listed as the type by Gadow {op. cit.). 

cordofanica — Mirafra cordofanica Strickland, \S50 .17 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1850 : 218, pi. 23. Holotype, Adult (female 
on label). Reg. no. 1851.4.16.4. Kordofan, east Sudan. Collec- 
ted by J. Petherick and purchased of H. A. Strickland. 



coronatus 1 3 1 

cordofanicus — Crateropus cordofanicus Butler, 1905 . . 32B 

Ibis, (8) 5 : 330, pi. 7. Holotype, Adult (referred to in text as both 
male and female). Reg. no. 1916.9.20.1 170. Jebel Melbis, Kordo- 
fan, Sudan, 16 April 1904. Collected and presented by A. L. 
Butler. 

corea — Sitta corea Ogilvie-Grant, 1906 . . .43 

Bull. Brit. Om. CI., 16 : 87. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1907.12.17.290. Min-gyong, 110 miles south-east of Seoul, Korea, 
30 Nov. 1905. Collected by M. P. Anderson. Presented by the 
Duke of Bedford. 

cornix — Graucalus cornix Reichenow, 1900 . . . . .20 
Om. Mber., 8 : 187. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1901.4.28. 
24. Aroa River, 5,000', south-east New Guinea, Aug. 1899. 
Collected by and purchased of Emil Weiske. 

coronata — Todopsis coronata Go\x\d, \%l'i . . . .36 

Birds of New Guinea, 2, pt. 8 : pi. 23. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1881.5.1.1234. Aru Islands. Collected by Cockerell. Gould 
Collection. 

coronatus — Dryoscopus coronatus Sharpe, 1874 . . . .23 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1874 : 205, pi. 33. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1874.2.17.7. Danger River, Gaboon. Collected and 
presented by H. T. Ansell. 

coronatus — Lanius coronatus Raffles, 1822 . . .71 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 (1821, publ. 1822) : 306. Syntype, 
(relaxed mount) Adult female {vide Vigors, in Lady Raffles, 
Memoirs of the life . . . of Sir T. F. Raffles, 1830 : 658). Reg. 
no. 1880.1.1.4528. Sumatra. Presented by the Honourable East 
India Company Museum. 
In very bad condition. There is another syntype in the collection. 

coronatus — Malimbus coronatus Sharpe, 1906 .61 

Bull. Br. Om. CI., 19 : 18. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1908.5.25.100. Ja River, Cameroons, 18 Feb. 1906. Collected 
by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

coronatus — Malurus coronatus GouXA, \%51 . .36 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1857 :221. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1857.10.28.192. Victoria River, North-west Australia, (Depot, 
30 Nov. 1855, on label) (Lat. 17°34'30", vide, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 
1857 : 23. = 15"34'30" vide Gregory, J. Roy. Geogr, Soc, 28 (1857) : 
1-135). Collected and presented by J. R. Elsey, from the expedition 
of A. C. Gregory. 

This is the author's described male, the described female syntype 
is also in the collection. See also, Chisholm, Queensland Naturalist, 
17 (1964): 65. 



132 coronatus 

coronatus — Orthotonnis coronatus B\yth and Serdon, \S6l . . 35 
Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1861 : 200. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1862.1.17.27. Darjeeling, Sikkim. Collected and presented by 
T. C. Jerdon. 

There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

coronatus — Platyrhynchus coronatus P. L. Sclater, 1858 . 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. LoncL, 1858 : 71. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1888.1.13.230. Napo River, Ecuador. Collected for Verreaux. 
Sclater Collection. 

coronoides — Corvus coronoides Vigors and Horsfield, 1827 . 71 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15 :261. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1863.7.7.50. Australia (restricted to Paramatta, New South Wales, 
by Stresemann, Verh, Orn. Ges. Bayern, 12 (1916) : 290). Collected 
by Caley. Presented by the Linnean Society. 

coronulatus — Masius coronulatus P. L. Sclater, 1860 ... 8 
Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1860 :91. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.13.1241. Nanegal, 4,000', western shore of Pichincha, 
north of Quito, west Ecuador. Collected by L. Eraser. Sclater 
Collection. 

coruscans — Neodrepanis coruscans Sharpe, 1875 . . .14 

Proc. zool, Soc. Lond., 1875 : 76. Holotype, Not quite fully adult. 
Reg. no. 1875.2.1.20. Madagascar, (Ampasmanhave, 150 miles 
south-west of Tamatave, vide Shelley, Monograph of the Nec- 
tar iniidae, (1876) : 1). Collected by Crossley. Purchased of W. 
Cutter. 

corvina — Spermophila corvina P. L. Sclater, 1860 . . . .59 

Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 (publ. 1860) : 379. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1885.2.10.185. Playa Vicente, Oaxaca, April 
1859. Collected by A. Boucard. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 137. 
Two other syntypes were available and the one from Honduras is 
also in the collection. 

corvinus — Thamnophilus corvinus P. L. Sdater, IS55 ... 4 

Edinb. New philos. J., (n.s.) 1 : 234. Holotype, Adult male 

(relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1855.1 1.5.7. Ucayali River, east Peru, 

June 1852. Collected by J. Hauxwell and purchased of J. Gould. 

Sclater used Gould's MS name. 

costarlcensis — Pachyramphus costaricensis Chubb, 1920 . . 7 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 40 : 74. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1899.5.1.428. Bebedero, Costa Rica, 15 Sept. 1893. Collected by 
C. F. Underwood. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

costaricensis — Thryophilus costaricensis Sharpe, 1881 . . .28 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 6 : 217. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1880.12. 
15.5. Costa Rica. Collected by and purchased of A. Boucard. 



cranbrooki 133 

cotta — Elania cotta Gosse, 1849 ...... 9 

Ann. Mag. not. Hist., (2) 3 : 257. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1847.6.8.10. Jamaica. Collected by and purchased (?) 
of P. H. Gosse (register states that this particular specimen was 
"purchased of Golding"). 

This specimen was purchased as the type, and hsted as the type by 
Sharpe, Hist. Coll. Brit. Miis., 2, Birds, (1906) : 373. There are two 
other syntypes in the collection. 

couesi — Campylorhynchus couesi Sharpe, ISSl . . . .28 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 6 : 196. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1880.11.24.6. Larido, Texas, 28 Feb. 1867. Collected by H. B. 
Butcher and presented by the Smithsonian Institution. 

This was the only specimen in the collection at the time of descrip- 
tion. Other syntypes were presented later with the Salvin-Godman 
Collection. 

cowani — Cotile cowani Sharpe, 1882 ...... 18 

J. Linn. Soc. LoncL, 16 : 322. Holotype, Adult female, Reg. no. 
1882.2.27.70. Forest of Ankafana, Betsileo, south-east Madagascar, 
11 March 1881. Collected by and purchased of the Rev. D. Cowan. 

coxi — Ammomanes deserti coxi R. Meinertzhagen, 1923 . . 17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 44 : 15. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1905.10.11.46. Karyatein, 2,000', north Syrian desert, 24 Mar. 
1905. Collected by D. Carruthers and J. H. Miller and purchased 
of the former. 

cozumelae — Xanthoura luxuosa cozumelae Van Rossem, 1924 71 

Bull. Mus. comp. ZooL, Harvard, 11 : 397. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1886.9.9.862. Cozumel Island, Yucatan (off coast of Quin- 
tana Roo, Mexico, on label), Jan. 1866. Collected by G. F. Gaumer. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 

craddocki — Suthora craddocki Bingham, 1903 . .33 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 13 : 54; Ibis, (8) 3 (1903) : pi. 11. Holotype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1903.12.24.232. Loi-Pang-Nan, 8,500', 
east of Kengtung, valley of Mekong River, South Shan States, 
Upper Burma (2 April 1902, vide Bingham, Ibis, loc. cit. : 587). 
Collected by H. N. Thompson and W. H. Craddock and purchased 
through E. Gerrard. 

cranbrooki — Grammatoptila striata cranbrooki Kinnear, 1932 . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 53 : 79. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1932.12.10.2. Adung Valley, 6,000', 28° 10' N., 97°40' E., north-east 
Burma, 1 6 April 1931. Collected and presented by Lord Cranbrook 
and P. Kingdon Ward. 

cranbrooki — Mirafra cranljrooki Boyd Alexander, 1907 . 17 

Hull. Br. Orn. CI., 19 : 88. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1911. 
12.23.3003. Bwando, River Welle, Congo, 25 Dec. 1905. Col- 



1 34 crassa 

lected on the Gosling-Alexander Expedition. Boyd Alexander 
Bequest. 

The female syntype is also in the collection. 

crassa — Calornis crassa P. L. Sclater, 1883 . .62 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lonci., 1833 : 56, pi. 14. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1883.5.30.79. Larat, Timor Laut, Tenimber Island Group, 
1 Aug. 1882. Collected by W. O. Forbes. Presented by the Timor 
Laut Committee of the British Association. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

crassirostris — Calornis crassirostris Walden, 1 872 . . . .62 

Trans, zool. Soc. Land., 8 : 80. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1888.9.20.422. Lombock. Collected by A. R. Wallace {vide 
specimen label). Tweeddale Collection. 

crassirostris — Camarhynchiis crassirostris Gould, 1837. . . .53 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1837 : 6. The specimen listed by Sharpe, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mas., 12 (1888) : 16, is not the type, vide Swarth, 
Occ. Pap. Calif. Acad. Sci., 18 (1931) : 209. 

crassirostris — Carpodacus crassirostris Blyth, IS47 . . .59 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 16 : 476. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1856.3.26.4. Kandahar, Afghanistan. Collected and presented 
by Captain Hutton. 

crassirostris — Euphonia crassirostris P. L. Sclater, 1857 . . 51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1856 (publ. 1857) : 277. Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1857.11.18.5. (recently assigned). Bogota, Colombia. 
Presented by P. L. Sclater. 

Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 11 (1886) : 77, lists a specimen from 
Santa Marta as the type, apparently in error. 

crassirostris — Geositta crassirostris P. L. Sclater, 1866 ... 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1866:98. Holotype, (Immature, vide 
Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 10). Reg. no. 1889.5.20.16. 
Lima, west Peru. Collected by W. Nation. Sclater Collection. 

crassirostris — Myiophoneus crassirostris Robinson, 1910 . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 25 : 99. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1910.12.27.271. Kokhan, Trang, northern Malay Peninsula, 12 
Jan. 1910. Presented by the Kuala Lumpur Museum. 

crassirostris — Pitta crassirostris Wallace, 1 862 . . . .12 
Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1862 : 188. Syntype, Adult (female, vide 
Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 428). Reg. no. 1873.5.12. 
781. Sulu Island, Molucca Group, 1861. Collected by A. R. 
Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

There are three syntypes of this date. This specimen was retained 
by Wallace and the label inscribed "n.s." by him. 



crissalis 135 

crassirostris — Pyromelana crassirostris Ogilvie-Grant, 1907 . . 61 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 21 : 14. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.12.23.241. North end of Ruwenzori, 3,500', 19 Aug. 1906. 
Collected by R. E. Dent. Presented by the subscribers to the 
Ruwenzori Expedition. 

craterum — Laniarius atroflavus crateriim Bates, 1926 . . .23 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 46 : 88. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1926.8.8.2. Oku, 6,000', west of Kumbo, Cameroons, 1 1 Feb. 1925. 
Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

crawfordi — Dendroeca crawfordi Nicoll, 1904 . .54 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 14 : 95. Syntype, Adult ?female. Reg. no. 
1904.8.17.116. Little Cayman Island, West Indies, (14 Mar. 1904 
on label). Collected by M. J. Nicoll. Presented by the Earl of 
Crawford, from the voyage of R. Y. S. Valhalla. 

This specimen was marked "type" and "figured in Ibis'\ (8) 4 
(1904), pi. 11. There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

crawfurdi — Erenioniela cranfurdi Clarke, \9l\ . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 29 : 43. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1911.12. 
9.2. Loietai, Sotik, British East Africa, Nov. 1909. Collected and 
presented by Col. R. Stephenson Clarke. 

creaghi — Amydrus creaghi OgWvie-Grant and Forbes, 1903 . 62 

The Natural History of Sokotra and Abd-el-Kuri : 58, Holotype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1899.8.11.143. Abd-el-Kuri Island, 22 Feb. 
1899. Collected by W. R. Ogilvie-Grant and H. O. Forbes. 
Presented by the Royal Society. 

crepitans — Muscicapa crepitans Latham, 1801 . . . . 32A 
Index Ornithologicus, Suppl., : li. ?Holotype, signed Water-colour 
drawing. New South Wales. No. 132 in Watling, Original water- 
colour drawings .... Library of the Zoology Department, British 
Museum (Natural History). Vide Sharpe, Hist. Coll. Brit. Mus., 2 
1906) : 132. 

Vol. 2, no. 47 in Lambert drawings, in library at Knowsley, Lanca- 
shire, (see introduction to this catalogue vol. 2). See also Mathews, 
Birds of Australia, 9 (1921) : 244. 

criniger — Suya criniger Hodgsor\, \^36 . . . .35 

Asiat. Res., 19 : 183. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 
1843.1.13.266. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

crissalis — Fringilla crissalis Vigors, 1 839 . .49 

in Beechey, The Zoology ofCapt. Beechey's voyage . . . in H.M.S. 
Blossom, Ornithology : 19. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1858.4.3. 
135. (Monterey, vide Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 754), 
California. Purchased of the Zoological Society of London. 
See also Grinncll, Univ. Calif publ. Zool., 38 (1932) : 306. 



136 crissalis 

crissalis — Helminthophilia crissalis Salvin and Godman, 1889 . 54 

Ibis, (6) 1 : 380. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1892.4.1.195. 
Sierra Nevada de Colima, 8,000', Jalisco, Mexico, 6 April 1889. 
Collected by W. Lloyd and W. B. Richardson. Salvin-Godman 
Collection. 

crissalis— /'/;ej<c//a/5 cm5a//'5 P. L. Sclater, 1877 . . . 50 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loiid., 1877.: 19. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.2.10.9. Riobamba, Ecuador, 1858. Collected by L. Fraser. 
Sclater Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

crissalis — Strepera crissalis Sharpe, 1877 . .68 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 3 : 58, pi. 2. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 75.11.8.18. Lord Howe's Island, 12 Sept. 1853. Collected by 
J. McGillivray. Purchased of J. Gould. 
Sharpe used a Gould MS name. 

crissalis — Zosterops crissalis Sharpe, 1844 . .47 

/■// Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 9 : 165. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1882.3.8.114. Astrolabe Mountains, South-east New Guinea. 
Collected by A. Goldie. Purchased of E. Gerrard. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

cristatellus — Tachyphonus cristatellus P. L. Sclater, 1862 . 51 

Catalogue of a collection of American birds : 86. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1885.6.12.756. Bogota, Colombia. (Collected 
by Parzudaki, on label.) Sclater Collection. 

croceus — Pericrocotiis croceits Sharpe, ]S88 . . . .20 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1888:269. Holotype, Adult (tail in- 
complete). Reg. no. 1888.3.18.51. Gunong Batu Putch, 4,300', 
Perak, Malaya. Collected and presented by L. Wray. 

crocopygia — Poliospiza crocopvgia Sharpe, 1871 . . .59 

Ibis, (3) 1 : 101. Syntype^ Adult male. Reg. no. 1877.7.11.222. 
Damaraland, (Davitjob, near Otjimbinque, 9 June 1864, on label). 
Collected by C. J. Andersson. Sharpe Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 361. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

crocotius — Paradoxornis poliotis crocotius Kinnear, 1954 . . 33 
Ibis, 96 : 484. 

New name for Suthora poliotis intermedia Kinnear, 1944 {q.v.), 
on the grounds of preoccupation by P. webbianus intermedius 
Delacour, 1931. 

crossensis — Chalcomitra rubescens crossensis Serle, 1963 . . 46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 83 : 118. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1963.12.1. Mamfe, on Cross River, Federated Republic of 
Cameroon, 10 March 1953. Collected and presented by W. Serle. 



cucullata 1 37 

crossleyi — Turdus crosslevi Sharps, \S1\ . . . . .31 

Proc.zool.Soc.Lond.,'\S7\:601.p\.41. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 

no. 1876.5.23.542. Cameroon Mountains, 24 Feb. 1871. Col- 
lected by Crossley. Sharpe Collection. 

cruralis — Brachypteryx cruralis Hodgson, MS . . . .31 

Icon. ined. in British Museum; Appendix : pi. 73, no. 589. 

Two specimens in the collection were listed as types by Sharpe, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) : 27, but have no type status. 

cruralis — Megalurus cruralis Wigors and HorsUdd, \S27 . . 35 
Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15:228. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1863.7.7.29b. Australia. Collected by G. Caley. Presented by the 
Linnean Society of London. 
Another syntype is in the collection. 

crypterythrus — Myiobius crvptervthrus P. L. Sclater, IS61 . . 9 

Proc. zool Soc. Lond., 'l860'(Publ. 1861) : 464. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1888.1.13.875. Pallatanga, Ecuador, Oct. 1858. 
Collected by L. Eraser. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 210. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

cryptoleuca — Mvrmecocichla cryptoleuca Sharpe, 1891 . .31 

Ibis, (6) 3:445. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1893.12.1.28. 
Kikuyu, central East Africa, 14 Sept. 1894. Collected and presented 
by F. J. Jackson. 

cryptolopha — Lathria cryptolopha P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1877 7 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1877 : 522. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.20.599. Mongi, eastern Ecuador, Mar. 1877. Collected 
by C. Buckley. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

cryptoxanthus — Myiobius cryptoxanthus P. L. Sclater, 1861 . . 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 (publ. 1861) : 465. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1888.1.13.878. Zamora, Ecuador, Jan. 1858. 
Collected by L. Eraser. Sclater Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

cucullata — Conopophaga cucullata '?.h. ScXaisv, \%56 ... 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1856 : 29, pi. 1 19. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1889.9.20.654. Bogota, Columbia. Collected for Verreaux. 

cucullata — Crypsirhina (Temia) cucullata Jerdon, 1862 . . .71 

/bis, (1) 4:20. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1862.1.17.12. The- 
yetmo, Upper Burma. Collected and presented by T. C. Jerdon. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

cucullata— £o/7.yo//nV7 c7/a///a/a G. R. Gray, 1859 .39 

Catalogue of birds of tropical islands of the Pacific . . . : 2 1 . 
Holotype, Adult (female, on label). Reg. no. 1859.6.14.14. 



138 cucullata 

Anieteum, New Hebrides. (26 Oct. 1858, on label). Collected by 
J. Macgillivray on the voyage of H.M.S. Rattlesnake. Purchased 
of S. Stevens. 

cucullata — Geothlypis cucullata Salvin and Godman, 1889 . . 54 
Ibis, (6) 1 :237. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1892.4.20.1526. 
Cofre de Perote. Jalape, Mexico, July 1888. Collected by M. 
Trujillo. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

There are two other syntypes in the collection. This species 
renamed C?. nelsoni C. W. Richmond Auk 17 (1900) : 179, on the 
grounds of preoccupation by Sylvia cucullata Latham 1790. 

cucullata — Urocissa cucullata Gould 1861 . .71 

Birds of Asia 5, pt. 13 (May 1861) : pi. 51. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1876.1.7.89. Kulu or Kooloo Valley, 50 miles north of Simla, 
India. Collected by Captain M. Tweedie. Purchased of J. Gould. 
Gould Collection. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 3 (1877) : 74. 

cucullatus — Tarsiger cucullatus Blyth, 1867 . . .31 

Ibis, (2) 3 : 16. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1867.3.16.90. 
"Africa or India". Gould Collection. 

The second syntype is also in the collection. Blyth used Gould's 
MS name. 

culequita — Troglodytes brunneicollis culequita van Rossem, 1938 . 28 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 59 : 13. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1890.12. 
20.548. Coajimalpa (Tacubaya), Mexico, 7 March 1888. Collec- 
ted by F. Ferrari-Perez. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

culminatus — Cornts culininatus Sykes, 1832 . . . .71 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1832:96. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1860.4.16.543. Deccan. Collected by W. H. Sykes. Presented by 
the Honourable East India Company Museum. 

cumingi — Minodoria striaticeps cumingi Hachisuka, 1934 . 32B 

Tori, 8, no. 38 :221. Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. 
no. 1842.2.15.1. Phihppines ("South of the Island of Manilla" 
in register). Collected by and purchased of H. Cuming. 

cummingi — Saxicola cummingi Whitaker, 1899 . . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 10 : 17. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1885.3.7.81. 
Fao, Persian Gulf. Collected and presented by W. D. Gumming. 

cunhaci — Mesia argentauris cunhaci Robinson and Kloss, 1919 . 32B 
Ibis, (11) 1 : 591, pi. 16. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919. 
12.20.345. Dalat, 5,000', south Annam, 11 April 1919. Collected 
and presented by C. B. Kloss. 

cupreonitens — Nectarinia cupreonitens Shelley, 1876 . .46 

Monograph of the Nectariniidae, : 17, pi. 6. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1874.5.1.11. Abyssinia, Aug. 1850. Collected for 
J. Verreaux. Sharpe Collection. 



cyanilia 1 39 

curtata — Synallaxis curtata P. L. Sclater, 1869 .... 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1869 : 636, pi. 49. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1889.5.20.220. Bogota, Colombia. Collected by Trubner. 
Sclater Collection. 

There is another syntype in the collection, but only the selected 
specimen agrees with the plate. 

curvirostris — Linmornis cwvirostris Gould, 1839 .... 3 
Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, 3 Birds : 81, pi. 25. 
Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1855.12.19.74. Mal- 
donado, Uruguay, June. Collected by Charles Darwin and pur- 
chased of the Zoological Society of London. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

cuzcoensis — Cvanolyca viridicyanea cuzcoensis W. L. Sclater, 1917 . 71 
Ibis, (10) 5 : 463, pi. 8. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1886.9.15.399. 
Huasampilla, 10,000', N.E. of Cuzco, Andes, July 1871. Collected 
by H. Whitely. Sclater Collection. 

cyanea — Muscitrea cyanea Wnmt, 1877 . . . .37 

Stray Feathers, 5 : 101. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886.4.1. 
4264. Meetan, Tenasserim, (25 Feb. 1877, collected by W. Davison, 
on label). Hume Collection. 

The second syntype is also in the collection. 

cyaneifrons — Erythrura cyaneifrons Layard, 1878 . . .60 

Atm. Mag. nat. Hist., (5) 1 : 375. Although Sharpe, Hist. Coll. 
Brit. Mus., 2 (1906) 474, claimed that the types were in the collection, 
the original description was based on an old collection and no speci- 
men in the museum collection would have been available at that 
period. 

cyanescens — Calliste cyanescens P. L. Sclater, 1857 . . .51 
Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1856 (publ. 1857) : 260. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1885.6.12.337. Venezuela. Sclater Collection; 
bought of Leadbeater. 

The specimen is marked as the type on the label, and listed as 
the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 11 (1886) : 123. 

cyaneus — Turdus cyaneiis Horsfield, 1821 . .31 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Land., 13 : 149. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4521. Java. Presented by the Honourable East 
India Company Museum. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) : 12. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

cyanilia — Tanagra cyanilia Bonaparte, IS54 . .51 

C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris, 38 : 383. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1854. 1.17. 1 4. Venezuela. Collected for and purchased of Verreaux 
frercs. 

The specimen is marked "Type" on the original label and 
Bonaparte states that he saw the new species in Verreaux's collection. 
Listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 11 (1886) : 159. 



140 cyaniventer 

cyaniventer — Tesia cyaniventer Hodgson, 1837 . . .35 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 6 : 101. ?Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1845.1.9.792. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 

cyanochlamys — Malurus cyanochlamys Sharpe, 1881 . .36 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1881 : 788. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1 88 1 .5. 1 .7 1 2. Moreton Bay, Queensland, Australia. Collected 
by F. Strange. Gould Collection. 

cyanogenys — Psilorhinus cyanogenys Sharpe, 1877 . . .71 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 3 : 140, pi. 9. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1867.7.24.1. Pearl-bay Lagoon, Mosquito, Nicaragua. Collected 
and presented by H. Wickham. 

Sharpe, used a nomen nudum from G. R. Gray, Handlist of Birds, 
2 (1870) : 6. 

cyanolaima — Calliste cyanolaima Bonaparte, 1851 . . .51 

Rev. Zool, 1851 : 140. The specimen listed as "one of the types" 
by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 11 (1866) : 112 has no type status. 
Sclater, Monograph of the Tanagrine genus Calliste (1857): 43, 
states that his specimen came from the same source as Bonaparte's 
(i.e. Parzudaki) but there is no suggestion that the latter had seen it. 

cyanolaimus — Nectarinia cyanolaimus idLvdmo. diX\<\¥r3.str, 1851 46 

Contributions to Ornithology : 154. ? Syntype, Adult male (re- 
laxed mount). Reg. no. 1851.11.27.1. Fernando Po, (West Africa, 
on label). Collected by L. Fraser. Purchased through E. Gerrard. 
Specimens from the Jardine Collection were received and registered 
but cannot be traced. From the date of receipt it seems certain that 
this is a syntype. A female syntype is also in the collection. 

cyanonota — Pitta cyanonota G. R. Gray, 1860 . .12 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 351. Holotype, Adult (male, vide 
Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 435). Ternate, Molucca 
Group, 1858. Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

cyanopterus — Chloropsis cyanopterus Hodgson, \S44 . .22 

/// J. E. Gray, Zoological Miscellany, 1844 : 82 {nomen nudum). 

Five specimens were listed as types by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
6(1881) : 19. 

cyanopygia — Calliste cyanopvgia P. L. Sclater, 1883 . . .51 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1883 (Dec.) : 653. Berlepsch and 
Taczanowski, using Sclater's MS name, published a description of 
the species based on a specimen at Warsaw, which appeared in the 
same volume of the Proc. zool. Soc. Lond. (p. 545) in September. 
The Warsaw specimen is therefore the type and Sclater's specimen 
has no type status. 

cyanotis—Ca//wre cjfl/Jor/5 P. L. Sclater, 1858 . . . .51 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 294. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.6.12.377. Interior of Peru . . . bordering Bolivia. Col- 
lected for Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 



daflaensis 141 

cyanotis — Tardus cyanotis Jardine and Selby, 1 828 . . .31 
Illustrations of Ornithology, 1 : pi. 46. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1886.6.24.258. India. Jardine Collection; purchased through 
E. Gerrard. 

cyanouroptera — Siva cyanouroptera Hodgson, 1838 . . . 32B 

India Review, 2 : 88. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 
1843.1.13.446. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) : 640. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

cyornithopsis — Callene cyornithopsis Sharpe, 1901 . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 12:4. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1901.10.29.28. Efulen, Cameroon, 20 June 1901. Collected 
by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

Cypriotes — Anorthwa Cypriotes Bate, 1903 . . . .28 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 13 : 51. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1903.8.2. 
1 3 . Troodos, Cyprus, 4 Oct. 1 902 (in text ; 1 90 1 on label). Collec- 
ted and presented by Miss D. M. A. Bate. 

cypriotis — Fringilla coelebs cypriotis J. M. Harrison, 1945 . . 58 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 66 : 6. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1951.13.2737. Platres, Cyprus, 2 April 1938. Collected and 
presented by W. A. Payn. 

czarnikowi — Phyllanthus czarnikowi Ogilvie-Grant, 1907 . 32B 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 19 : 40. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.12.23.1284. Mawambi, 3,000', east Congo Forest, 18 Oct. 
1906. Collected by R. B. Woosnam and presented by the Subscribers 
to the Ruwenzori Expedition. 

daaroodensis — Calandrella cinerea daaroodensis V^hite, I960 . . 17 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 80 : 24. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1923.8.7.2739. Sheikh, British Somaliland, 1 Nov. 1917. Col- 
lected by G. F. Archer and presented by Col. Stephenson Clarke. 

dacotiae — Pratincola dacotiae Meade-y^aldo, ISS9 . . .31 

Ibis, (6) 1 : 504, pi. 15. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1905. 
12.22.7. Gran Tanajal, Fuertaventura, Canary Islands. Col- 
lected and presented by E. G. Meade- Waldo. 

There are three other syntypes in the collection, and one in the 
University Museum of Zoology, Cambridge. 

daflaensis^/4cf/rtMrfl^a^ae«5/5 Godwin-Austen, 1875 . . . 32B 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 16 : 340. Holotype, Adult male. Reg, 
no. 1895.7.14.1422. Shengorh Peak, 7,000', Dafla Hills, Assam, 
Feb. Collected by H. H. Godwin-Austen. Godwin-Austen 
Collection. 

daflaensis — Sutlwra daflaensis Godmn-Austen, \S76 . . .33 
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) .17 : 32. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 



142 damarensis 

1895.7.14.1516. Under Toriiputu Peak, 5,000', Dafla Hills, 
Assam, Jan. Collected by H. H. Godwin-Austen. Godwin- 
Austen Collection. 

damarensis — Alaemon damarensis Sharpe, 1904 . . . .17 

Ibis, (8) 4 :361. Syntype, Adult male (bill broken). Reg. no. 
1878.10.26.355. Tjobis, Damaraland, 30 May 1866. Collected 
by C. J. Andersson. Sharpe Collection. 
There is a female syntype in the collection. 

damarensis — Erenwmela damarensis Sharpe, 1 904 . . .35 

Ibis, (8) 4:339. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1866.12.24.22. 
Damaraland. Collected by C. J. Andersson. Purchased of T. 
Higgins who received Andersson's collection. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

damarensis — Mirafra damarensis ShdiX^it, \%1 A .17 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1874 : 650, pi. 75. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1876.5.23.707. Ondonga, Ovampoland, Damaraland, 14 
Nov. 1866. Collected by C. J. Andersson. Sharpe Collection. 
The other syntype is also in the collection. 

dambo — Cisticola dambo Lynes, 1 93 1 . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 52 : 5. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1931.10.8.1. Nasondoye, 3,300', Southern Belgian Congo, 10^30' 
S., 25° E., 6 Jan. 1931. Collected by Admiral H. Lynes and J. 
Vincent. Presented by Admiral H. Lynes. 

damnata — Rliinocichla mitrata danmata T. H. Harrisson and 

Hartley, 1934 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 54 : 154. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1933.11.2.2. Mount Dulit, 4,000', Sarawak, Borneo, 25 Aug. 
1932. Collected by Kuching Museum collectors and presented by 
the Oxford University Sarawak Expedition. 

danjoui — ^w/afor ^a/(/o»/ Robinson and Kloss, 1919 . . 32B 

Ibis, (11) 1 : 578, pi. 14. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919. 
12.20.279. Langbian Peaks, 6,000', south Annam, 27 April 1918. 
Collected by C. B. Kloss and presented by H. C. Robinson and 
Kloss. 

This is the authors' selected male. Their selected female syntype 
is also in the collection. 

dankali — Fringillaria striolata dankali Thesiger and Meynell, 1934 . 49 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 55 : 79. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1934.8.9.1. Adua Danakil, east Abyssinia, 9 March 1934. Col- 
lected by W. Thesiger. Thesiger Collection. 

dankali — Gvmnoris pyrgita dankali T\\t%igtv and M^yncW, 1935 . 61 
Bull. Br'. Orn. CI., 55 : 122. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1934.8.9.3. Adau, Danakil, eastern Abyssinia, 6 Mar. 1934. 
Collected and presented by W. Thesiger. 



davisoni 143 

dartmouthi — Nectarinia dartmouthi Ogilvie-Grant, 1906 . . . 46 

Bull. Brit. Om. CI., 16 : 117. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.12.23.549. Eastern Ruwenzori, 13,000', West Uganda, 19 
Feb. 1906. Collected by R. E. Dent. Presented by the sub- 
scribers to the Ruwenzori Expedition. 

Labelled as the male type by the author. There are several 
other syntypes in the collection. 

darwini — Upucerthia darwini Scott, 1900 ..... 3 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 10 : 63. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1889.5.14.40. Mendoza, Argentina, Feb. 1871. Salvin-Godman 
Collection. 

davidiana — Suthora davidiana Slater, 1 897 . . . .33 

Ibis, (7) 3 : 172, pi. 4. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1898.1.28.64. 
Kuatun, north-west Fokien, China (May or June on label). Col- 
lected and presented by C. B. Rickett and J. D. La Touche. 

davisoni — Acanthopneuste davisoni Oatcs, ISS9 . . .35 

The Fauna of British India, Birds, 1 : 420. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1886.7.8.643. Mooleyit, 6,000', Tenasserim, 19 Feb. 
1877. Collected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

davisoni — Alcippe phaeocephala davisoni Hanngton, 1915 . . 32B 

J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc, 23 : 447, 453. Syntype, Adult male. 

Reg. no.' 1886.10.1.6494. Tavoy, Tenasserim, 20 April 1878. 
Collected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 

davisoni — Brachyurus davisoni Hume, ISl 5 . .12 

Stray Feathers, 3 : 321. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1887. 
5.1.113. Bankasoon, Tenasserim, Burma, 26 March 1875. Col- 
lected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 
The other syntype is also in the collection. 

davisoni — Cryptolopha davisoni Sharpe, 1888 . . .35 

Froc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1888 : 271. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.3.18.54. Gunong Ulu Batang Padang, 4,200', Mountains 
of Perak, Malaya. Collected and presented by L. Wray. 

davisoni — Hemi.xus davisoni Hume, ISll . .21 

Stray Feathers, 5 : 111. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886. 
9.1.1020. Toungya road to Myawadee, central Tenasserim, 16 
Jan. 1877. Collected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 

davisoni — Ixus davisoni Hume, 1875 .21 

Strav Feathers, 3 :30l. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886. 
9.1.21 67. 1 2 miles north of Rangoon, 1 8 Oct. 1871. Collected by 
W. Davison. Hume Collection. 

davisoni — Leioptila davi.soni Hume, \^11 .... . 32B 

Stray Feathers, 5:110. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886.10. 



144 davisoni 

1.763. Hills north of Mooleyit, 6,000', Tenasserim, 1 Feb. 1877. 
Collected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 
There are four other syntypes in the collection. 

davisoni — Stachyris davisoni Sharpe, 1 892 ..... 32B 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 1 : 7. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1892.9.1.5. Tahau River, Pahang, Malaya, 3 Aug. 1891. Col- 
lected and presented by W. R. Davison. 

davisoni — Turdimilus davisoni Ogihie-Grant, 1910 . . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 25 : 97. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1886.10.1.5823. Mooleyit Mountains, Tenasserim, 31 Jan. 1877. 
Collected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 
There is a female syntype in the collection. 

davisoni — Turdulus davisoni Hume, 1 877 . . . . .31 

Stray Feathers, 5 : 63, 136. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1886.7.8. 2542. Mooleyit, Tenasserim, Burma, 15 Feb. 1877. 
Collected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 

decipiens — Mimeta decipiens V. L. SclatQr, 1?>S3 . . .63 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1883 : 199. Syntype, Adult (female on 
label). Reg. no. 1883.5.30.98. Larat, Timor Laut, Tenimber 
Island Group, 15 Sept. 1882. Collected by H. O. Forbes. Pre- 
sented by the Timor Laut Committee of the British Association. 
The second syntype is in the collection. 

decora — Vidua decora Havtlauh, \S62 . . .61 

Ibis, (1) 4 : 340. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1873.12.10.6. 
Angola. Collected by and purchased of J. J. Monteiro. 

decorata — Niltava grandis decorata Robinson and Kloss, 1 9 1 9 . 37 

Ibis, (11)1 : 444. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1919.12.20.17. 
Langbian Peaks, 6,500', South Annam, 23 April 1918. Collected 
and presented by C. B. Kloss. 

This is the described female. The described male syntype (which 
differs less distinctly from A'^. g. decipiens) is also in the collection. 

decoratus — Lamprocolius decoratus HariXawh, \%62 . . .62 

Ibis, (1) 4 : 148. Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 

1874.5.1.72. Cape Colony, South Africa. Collected by E. L. 
Layard. Sharpe Collection. 

degeni — Mirafra degeni Ogilvie-Grant, 1902 . . . .17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 13 : 28. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1903. 

10.20.57. Hiressa, 8,000', Liben, Abyssinia, (approx. 9°45' N., 

37°50' E), 20 June 1902. Collected by and purchased of E. Degen. 

There is another syntype in the collection. 

dehrae — Sturnopastor capensis dehrae E. C. S. Baker, 1925 62 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 45 : 103. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1887.7.1.146. Dehra Dun, India, 20 Dec. 1870. Collected by G. 
King. Hume Collection. 



demissa 145 

deignani — Aegithina tiphia deignani Hall, 1957 . . .22 

Ibis, 99 : 148. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1948.80.2090. 
Yawdwin, Pakokku District, central Burma, 6 Jan. 1936. 

Collected by G. A. Hodson and presented by Garthwaite and 
Smith. 

delacouri — Neomixis viridis delacouri Salomonsen, 1934 . 32B 

Ann. Mag. not. Hist., (10) 14 : 63. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1931.8.18.2937. Maraontsetra, north-east Madagascar, 23 June 
1930. Collected by the Archbold-Vernay Expedition. 

delacouri — Sinithomis capensis delacouri Bannerman, 1923 . 1 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 43 : 160. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1923. 
11.12.400. Bandama, Ivory Coast, Upper Guinea, 29 Dec. 1922. 
Collected by W. P. Lowe and H. R. Hardy. 

delamerei — Coliuspasser delamerei ShzWty, 1902) . . . .61 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 13:73. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1901.2.22.37. Ngari Mossor, north Kenya, 17 Mar. 1900. Col- 
lected and presented by Lord Delamere. 

delamerei — Estrilda delamerei Sharpe, 1900 . . .60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 10 : 102. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1901.2.22.110. Athi River, Kenya, 8 Nov. 1899. Collected and 
presented by Lord Delamere. 

delamerei — Pseudalaemon delamerei Sharpe, 1900 . . .17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 10 : 102. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1901.2.22.244. Athi River, British East Africa, 17 Nov. 1899. 
Collected and presented by Lord Delamere. 

delicatula — Zosteropsdelicatula Sharpe, ISS2 . .47 

J. Linn. Soc. Lond., Zool., 16 : 318. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1882.3.8.82. At the back of the Astrolabe Range, South- 
east New Guinea. Collected by A. Goldie. Purchased of E. 
Gerrard. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

deliciosa — Pipra deliciosa V.L. ScXaier, \^60 .... 8 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 90. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.1313. Nanegal, 4,000', western slope of Pichincha, north 
of Quito, west Ecuador, Feb. 1859. Collected by L. Eraser. Sclater 
Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

deltarhyncha — Guiraca caerulea deltarhyncha van Rossem, 1938 . 50 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 5S : \33. Holotype, Adult female. Reg.no. 
1899.2.1.257. Tepic, Nayarit, Mexico, 8 June 1889. Collected by 
W. B. Richardson. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

demissa — 6'>'A7a//a.\7.y r/emma Salvin and Godman, 1884 . 3 

/his, (5) 2 :449. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1889.5.14.119. 



146 dennisi 

5,000', Roraima, British Guiana, 16 Aug. 1883. Collected by H. 
Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are two female syntypes in the collection. 

dennisi — Petroica multicolour dennisi Cain and Ga\hraith, 1955 . 37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 75 : 93. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1959.21.957. Turipava, 4,100', Guadalcanar, Solomon Islands, 
19 Aug. 1953. Collected by a native hunter. Presented by the 
Oxford University Expedition to the Solomon Islands. 

dennistouni — Zosterornis dennistouni Obilvie-Grant, 1 895 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 5 : 2. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897. 
5.13.320. Cape Engafio, north-east Luzon, Philippines, 24 April 
1895. Collected by J. Whitehead and presented by the subscribers 
to the Whitehead Expedition. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

dentata — Malacothraupis dentata P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1876 . 51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1876 : 353, pi. 31. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 

no. 1885.6.7.522. Tilotilo, Yungas Province, Bolivia, 1876. Col- 
lected by C. Buckley. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

denti — Apalis denti Ogilvie-Grant, 1907 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 19 : 86. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1906.12.23.1020. Mpanga Forest, 5,000'. Fort Portal, Uganda, 16 
Sept. 1906. Collected by R. E. Dent. Presented by the sub- 
scribers to the Ruwenzori Expedition. 

denti — Pholidornis denti Ogilvie-Grant, 1907 . . .60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 19:41. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.12.23.710. Near Avakarbi, 2,500', Eastern Congo Forest, 
31 Oct. 1906. Collected by R. E. Dent. Presented by the sub- 
scribers to the Ruwenzori Expeditition. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

denti — Sylviella denti Ogilvie-Grant, 1906 .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 19 : 25. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.12.23.1102. 10 miles north-west of Fort Beni, 3,000', West 
Ruwenzori, 10 Aug. 1906. Collected by R. B. Woosnam. Pre- 
sented by the subscribers to the Ruwenzori Expedition. 

dentirostris — Geospiza dentirostris GouXd, \'i7)l . . . .53 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1837 : 6. Holotype, Adult (?female, vide. 
Zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, 3, Birds, (1841) : 102). 
Reg. no. 1855.12.19.176. Galapagos Archipelago. Collected by 
C. Darwin. Purchased of the Zoological Society of London. 

dentirostris — Scenopoeus dentirostris Ramsay, 1876 . . .69 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1875 (publ. 1876) : 591. Syntype, Adult 
(much damaged). Reg. no. 1883.11.16.1. Bellenden Ker Range, 
north-east Queensland. Collected by Inspector R. Johnstone and 
presented by E. P. Ramsay. (cont.) 



dichrous 147 

There is another syntype in the Australian Museum, Sydney 
(vide Hindwood, Records of the Australian Museum, 21 (1946) : 393). 

desertae — Prinia superciliosa desertae Macdonald, 1941 . . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 62 : 27. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1 922. 1 2.8. 1 22 1 . Kulme, (3,300', on label), Darfur, Western Sudan, 
9 June 1921. Collected by Admiral H. Lynes. Presented by the 
Lynes-Lowe Expedition. 

desolata — Tchitrea desolata Salomonsen, 1933 . .38 

VOiseau, 1933 :613. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1873.10.25.26. 
Mauritius. Presented by R. B. Sharpe. 

deva — A lauda deva Sykes, 1832 ...... 17 

Proc. zool. Sac. Lond., 1832 : 92. Syntype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4574. Deccan, India. Collected by 
W. H. Sykes and presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 
There is a female syntype in the collection. 

diabolicus — Bradvornis diabolicus Sharpe, 1877 .37 

Cat. Bds. Brit'. Mus., 3 : 314. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1866.7. 
19.17. Elephant Vley, Damaraland. Collected and presented by 
C. J. Andersson. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

diademata — Yuhina diademata J.VQTrea.ux, IS69 . 32B 

Nouv. Arch. Mus. Paris Bull., 5 : 35. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1898.10.3.836. Moupin, west China, 4 March 1869. 
Collected by Pere David. Seebohm bequest. 

Received by Swinhoe from Paris Museum as the type (vide speci- 
men label). 

dichroa — MonarchadichroaG.R. Gray, 1859 . . . .38 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 : 156. The specimen which is labelled 
as the type and listed as such by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 
(1879) : 421, was not collected until 1861 and cannot have been avail- 
able for the description. 

dichrous — Cyphorhinus dichrous P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1879. 28 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1879 : 492, pi. 41. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1886.9.15.72. Remedios, 2,360', far north-east of Medellin, 
Antioquia. Collected by T. K. Salmon. Sclater Collection. 

dichrous — Parus dichrous Blyth, 1845 . . .42 

in Hodgson and BIyth, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 13 (1844 publ. April 
1845) : 943. Described by BIyth from a specimen in the Museum 
of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, in Calcutta; now in the collection 
of the Zoological Survey of India. The specimens referred to as 
types by Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 8 (1883) : 33, are not valid. 
Hodgson's name in Gray, Zoological Miscellany (1844) : 83, is a 
nomen nudum. Hodgson's description of his own specimens in 



148 dickeyae 

Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 15 (1845) : 326, was not apparently published 
until May of that year. 

dickeyae — Icterus graciuacauda dickeyae van Rossem, 193S . 57 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 58 : 137. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1898.12.14.1180 (not 1177 as printed, op.cit). Xautipa, Guerrero, 
Mexico, July 1888. Collected by D. W. Smith. Salvin-Godman 
Collection. 

dicruriformis — Dissenniroides dicruriformis Hume, l%73 . 64 

Stray Feathers, 1 : 40 8. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886.3.1. 
2155. Great Coco Island, Indian Ocean, (24 March 1873. Col- 
lected by H. Iwaries, on label). Hume Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

dictator — Timelia pileata dictator Kinnear, \930 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 50 : 55. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1919.12.20.282. Dran, south Annam, 11 May 1918. Collected by 
C. B. Kloss and presented by H. C. Robinson and Kloss. 

dietfenbachii — Miro dieffenbachii J.E.Gray, IS43 .37 

in DiefFenbach, Travels in New Zealand, 2 : 191. Holotype, Adult 
male (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1842.10.30.15. Chatham Island, 
(New Zealand, on label; South Island, New Zealand, vide Fleming, 
Trans. Roy. Soc. N.Z., 78 (1950) : 29, 36). Collected by Dr Sinclair 
and presented through Sir John Richardson. 

diemenensis — Acanthiza diemenensis Gould, 1838 . . .36 

Synopsis of the birds of Australia, pt. 4 : pi. 59. (Also in Proc. 
zool. Soc.Lond., 1837, (publ. Dec. 1838) : 146). Syntype, Adult 
(relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1838.1.15 specimen number omitted 
from label and not certainly known. Tasmania. Collected and 
presented by R. Gunn. 

Mathews, Austral Avian Record 1 (1912) : 163, refers to a type in 
the Philadelphia Museum. 

diemenensis — Rhipidura diemenensis Sharpe, 1879 . . 37A 

Ibis, (4) 3 : 368. New name for R. saturata Sharpe, 1879 (q.v.), 
on the grounds of its preoccupation by R. saturata Salvadori, 1878. 

difficilis— 5o//7a difficilis Shelley, 1902 17 

The Birds of Africa 3 : 105, pi. 22. Holotype, Immature (female). 
Reg. no. 1889.9. 13. 164. Orange River Colony, 1875. Collected 
by T. E. Buckley. Shelley Collection. 

difficilis — Geospiza difficilis Sharpe, 18SS .53 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 : 12. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1885.12.14.321. Galapagos Archipelago (restricted to Abingdon 
Island, vide Rothschild and Hartert, Novit Zool., 6 (1899) : 163), 
Dec. 1868. Collected by A. Habel. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

Of the two male syntypes this is the described specimen. There 
are six other syntypes in the collection. 



diluta 149 

difiBcilis — Zo^/e/'op^^/Z^^c/fc Robinson and Kloss, 1918 . .47 

J. Fed. Malay States Mus., 8, pt. 2 : 250. Paratype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1883.2.19.2. Mount Dempo, 8,000', Sumatra, 1 May 
1881. Collected by H. O. Forbes. Presented by F. Nicholson. 

This paratype has been included because the original description 
was based on a figure of a specimen in the Liverpool Museum and a 
description by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 9 (1884) : 191. The 
Liverpool specimen was destroyed (vide Gibson-Hill, Bull. Raffles 
Mus., 19 (1949) : 163, footnote) and this paratypical specimen on 
which Sharpe's description was based is therefore the only re- 
maining type material. 

diffusa— Pyrgita diffusa Smith, 1836 61 

Report of the expedition for exploring Central Africa of 1834. : 50. 
Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1838.6.9.132 and 
Old Vol. Cat. 21, 275b. Between the Orange River and the 
Tropic. (Restricted to Kuruman, northern Cape Province by 
Macdonald and Hall, Ann. Transvaal Mus., 23 (1) (1955) : 35). 
Collected by A. Smith. Purchased from the South African Museum, 
London. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

diffusus — OriolusdiffususS\\?irpQ,\%ll . . .63 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 3 : 197. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1876.1.6.64. China. Collected by Blakiston. Purchased of H. 
Whitely. 
There are other syntypes in the collection. 

dignissima — Grallaria dignissima P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1880 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1880 : 160, pi. 17. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1889.7.10.836. Sarayacu, Ecuador. Collected by C. Buckley. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

digressa — Ortygospiza atricollis digressa Clancey, \958 . . 60 

Durban Mus. Novit., 5 : 141. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1933.7.14.477. Whitson, Umhlongo Nek, Richmond, Natal, 
13 Sept. 1927. Collected by and purchased of J. Vincent. 

diluta— Cor/7ef//7w/a Sharpe &Wyatt, 1893 18 

A Monograph of the Hirundinidae, 1 : 63. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1890.3.8.134. Badam River, near Tchemkent, Turkestan. 
Collected by Dr Severtzoff and purchased of M. Menzbier. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

diluta— 0/ofo/->'.9 J//jv^fl Sharpe, 1890 17 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 : 670. 

New name for Otocorys pallida Sharpe, 1890 (^.v.), on the grounds 
of its preoccupation by O. alpectris pallidae Dwight, 1 890. 

diluta^Rhipidura diluta Wallace, 1 864 37A 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863 (publ. 1864) :49I. Syntype, Adult. 



150 diluta 

Reg. no. 1873.5.12.466. Flores Island, 1862. Collected by 
Wallace's assistant Allen. Wallace Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

diluta — Saxicola diluta Blanford and Dresser 1874 .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1874 : 234, pi. 39. Syntype. Adult male 
(in text; female on label). Reg. no. 1876.5.23.424. Hukomkap, 
Damaraland, 13 May 1866. Collected by C. J. Andersson. 
Sharpe Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

diluta — Stachvris poliocephala diluta Robinson and Kloss, 1918. 32B 
Ibis, (10) '6:587. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1936.4. 
12.1065. Taiping, Perak, Malaya, 4 Nov. 1914. Presented by H. 
C. Robinson and C. B. Kloss. 

diluta — Thringorhina guttata diluta Kinnear, \92A . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 45 : 11. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1924.12.21.139. Thai Nien, Tonkin, 23 Feb. 1924. Collected by 
H. Stevens and presented by the Percy Sladen Trust and Godman 
Exploration Fund. 

diluta — Volatinia Jacarini diluta van RossQm, 193S .59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 58 : 130. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1899.2.1.908. San Bias, Tepic, (Nayarit), Mexico, 5 May 1889. 
Collected by W. B. Richardson. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

dilutior — Chlorocichla flaviventris dilutior White, 1946 . .21 

Ibis, 88 : 80. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1953.54.228. 
Balovale, Kaonde-Lunda Province, Northern Rhodesia, 12 June, 
1943. Collected and presented by C. M. N. White. 

dilutior — Malacocincla fulvescens dilutior White, 1953 . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 73 : 96. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1910.5.6.674. N'dala Tando (now Vila Salazar), north Angola, 
29 Dec. 1908. Collected by Dr W. J. Ansorge. Ansorge 
Collection. 

dilutus — Stachvris nigriceps dilutus Robinson and Kloss, 1919 . 32B 

Ibis, (11) r:584. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919.12.20. 
302. Dram, 3,000', south Annam, 1 April 1918. Collected by 
C. B. Kloss and presented by H. C. Robinson and Kloss. 

This is the authors' selected male. Their selected female syntype 
is also in the collection. Renamed S. n. rileyi Chasen, 1936 on the 
grounds of its preoccupation by S. poliocephala diluta Robinson 
and Kloss, 1918. 

dilutus — Turdinulus epilepidotus dilutus Robinson and K\oss, 1916 . 32B 
J. Straits Br. row Asiat. Soc, 73 : 276. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1920.6.29.353. Sungei Kumbang, 4,700', Korinchi, west 
Sumatra, 13 April 1914. Collected and presented by H. C. 
Robinson and C. B. Kloss. 



dives 1 5 1 

dimorpha — Pachvprora dinwrpha Shelley, 1893 .38 

Ibis, (6) 5 : 18. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1892.9.10.110. 
Milanji Plateau, Nyasaland, Oct. Collected by A. Whyte. Pre- 
sented by H. H. Johnston. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

dinemelli — re.r/o/'^/we'me/// Ruppell, 1845 . . .61 

Systematische Uebersicht der Vogel nord-ost Afrika's : 72, pi. 30. 
HoLOTYPE, Adult. Reg. no. 1861.5.8.47. Shoa, Abyssinia. Col- 
lected by W. C. Harris. Presented by the Honourable East India 
Company Museum. 

Riippell used Horsfield's MS name. 

diops — Batis diops Jackson, 1905 .38 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 15 : 38. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1905.1.10.4. Ruwenzori, Aequatorial Africa, (9 Feb. 1902, on 

label). Collected and presented as the type by F. J. Jackson. 

The specimen was described as a male but labelled as a female. 

disjuncta — Hirundo daurica disjuncta Bates, 1930 .18 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 51 : 49. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1930.12.3.3. Birwa Peak, 4,700', Tingi Mountains, Kono District, 
Sierra Leone, 15 July 1930. Collected by and purchased of G. L. 
Bates. 

dispar — Turdus dispar Horsfield, 1821 . . . . .21 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 150. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1860.4.16.249. Java. Presented by the Honourable East India 
Company Museum. 

disturbans — Dicrurus leucophaeus disturbans E. C. S. Baker, 1918 . 64 
Novit. ZooL, 25 : 293. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1883.3.1. 
2044. Amherst, Tenasserim, Burma, 9 Dec. 1876. Collected by 
W. Davison. Hume Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

divaricatus — Lanius divaricatus KdiV^cs, \%21 . . . .20 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 (1821, publ. 1822) : 306. 

Sharpe, History of the Collections . . . in the Natural History 
Departments of the British Museum, 2 (1906) : 397 stated Raffles' 
type to be in the collection, presented by the Honourable East 
India Company Museum. At present it cannot be traced. The 
coloured drawing is still at the Indian Office and can be accepted as 
the holotype, vide Kinnear and Robinson, Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 47 
(1927) : 129. 

dives — Grallaria dives SdWin, 1865 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1864 (publ. 1865) : 582. Syntype, Adult. 
1889.7.10.903. Tucurriquc, Costa Rica. Collected by E. Arce. 
Salvin-Godman C ollection. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 



1 52 dixoni 

dixoni — Geocic/ila dixoni Sechohm, 1881 . . . .31 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 5 : 161. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1896.6.1.102. Sikkim, Feb. 1873. Collected by L. Mandelli. 
Seebohm Bequest. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

djamdjamensis — Anthreptes collaris djanidjamensis Benson, 1942 . 46 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 63 : 16. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1946.5.2642. Alghe, 6,000', Southern Abyssinia, 22 Sept. 1941. 
Collected and presented by C. W. Benson. 

dodsoni — Cercomelafamiliaris dodsoni Macdonald, \953 . . 31 

Ibis, 95 : 72. Holotype, Adult male (printed in error as female). 
Reg. no. 1903.3.9.209. Deelfontein, east Cape Province, 5 May 
1902. Collected by C. H. E. Seimund and C. H. B. Grant and 
presented by A. T. Sloggett. 

dodsoni — Cisticola dodsoni Sharpe, \S95 . . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 4 : 29. Holotype, (Adult female, vide, Proc. 
zool. Soc. Land., 1895:483.) Reg. no. 1895.7.7.7. (Haud 
Province, South Ethiopia, 25 July 1894, vide, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 
1895 : 483.) Collected and presented by A. Donaldson Smith. 

dodsoni — Lanius algeriensis dodsoni V/hitaker, 1898 . .23 

Ibis, (7) 4:599. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1939.12.14.3. Rasil 
Ain, Haha District, south Morocco, 4 May 1897. Collected and 
presented by E. Dodson. 

dodsoni — Pvcnonotus dodsoni Sharps, 1895 . . . .21 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1895:488. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1895.7.7.13. Sillul, west Somaliland, 8 Aug. 1894. Collected and 
presented by Dr. A. Donaldson Smith. 

doggetti — Cinnyris doggetti Sharps, \902 .46 

Ibis, (8)2 : 116. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1901.10.20.60. 
Ravine, 7,600', Mau, Kenya, 2 Nov. 1899. Collected and pre- 
sented by H. Johnston. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

dominicana — Certhiola dominicana E. C. Taylor, 1 864 . . .54 

Ibis, (1) 6 : 167. Holotype, adult. Reg. no. 1884.7.31.181. 
Dominica, West Indies. Collected by E. C. Taylor. Sclater 
Collection. 

donaldsoni — Cossypha donaldsoni Sharpe, 1 895 . . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 4 : 28. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no 
1895.7.7.1. (Sheik Husein, west Somaliland, 28 Sept. 1893, vide 
Sharpt, Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1895:484). Collected and pre- 
sented by Dr. A. Donaldson Smith. 

donaldsoni — Ploceipasser donaldsoni Sharpe, 1 895 . .61 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 5 : 14. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 



dorsalis 153 

1895.7.7.23. ("near Lasamis, Lake Rudolf", on label), northern 
frontier of Kenya and Somaliland, ("14 Sept. 1895" on label). 
Collected and presented by A. Donaldson Smith. 

donaldsoni — Serinus donaldsoni Sharpe, 1 895 . . .59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 4 :41. Holotype, Adult (male, vide Proc. 
zool. Soc. Loud., 1895 : 470, pi. 27). Reg. no. 1897.7.7.15. (Smith 
River, West Somaliland, 10 Sept. 1894. vide Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 
1895 : 470.) Collected by A. Donaldson Smith and presented as 
the type. 

dorjei — C//7c/w5/7a//o.s/ ^o/yW Ludlow and Kinnear, 1937 . . 27 

Ibis, (14) 1 :263. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1935.4.5.12 
(not 1936.4.5.12 as printed). Sakden, 9,000', east Bhutan, 18 
Oct. 1934. Collected by F. Ludlow and G. SherriflF. Ludlow 
Collection. 

dorsalis — AulomolusdorsalisY'.L.Sdater and Sa\vin,\SSO 3 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1880 : 158. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.5.14.360. Sarayacu, Ecuador, 1880. Collected by C. Buckley. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 

dorsalis — Gerygone dorsalis F.L.Sc\ateT,\%83 .36 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1883 : 199. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1883.5.30.82. Moloe Island, Tenimber Group, 1 Sept. 1882. 
Collected by W. O. Forbes. Presented by the British Association. 
This specimen is labelled as the type of the female, and is figured 
in Gould, Birds of New Guinea, 2 (1884) : pi. 11. The male syntype 
did not come to the collection. 

dorsalis — Pachycephala dorsalis OgiWit-Grant, \9 1 1 . . .39 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 29 : 26. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1916.5.30.228. Mouth of Mimika River, Dutch New Guinea, 21 
March 1911. Collected by C. H. B. Grant. Presented by the 
committee of the Dutch New Guinea Expedition. 

dorsalis — Pachyramphus dorsalis P. L. Sclater, 1 862 ... 7 
Catalogue of a collection of American Birds : 243. Holotype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1881.1.13.1498. Bogota, Colombia. (Col- 
lected by Parzudaki, on label.) Sclater Collection. 

dorsalis — Phacelodomus dorsalis SaWm, \S95 .... 3 

Novit. Zool., 2 : 14. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1899.6.1.91. 
Malea, 8,000', Cajabamba, north Peru, 26 April 1894. Collected 
by O. T. Baron. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

dorsalis — Ramphocelus dorsalis P. L. Sdater, \S55 . . .51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1854 (publ. 1855) : 97. Syntype, Not fully 
adult. Reg. no. 1885.6.12.551. (Upper Amazon, vide Sclater, 
Catalogue of a collection of American birds (1862) : 78), Brazil. 
Collected for Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 



1 54 dorsalis 

dorsalis — Zosterops dorsalis Vigors and Horsf\e\d,lSn . .47 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15:235. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1863.7.7.38. Australia. Collected by Caley. Presented by the 
Linnean Society as the type. 

dorsatus — Pariis dorsatiis Ruppell, 1 845 42 

Svstematische uebersichte Vogel Nord-ost-Afrikas : 42, pi. 18. 
Syntype, (immature, on label). Reg. no. 1845.6.2.15. Abyssinia. 
Collected by and purchased of E. Ruppell. 

Riippell's Collection was in the Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt- 
on-Main, and this specimen was disposed of as a duplicate syntype. 

douglasi — /'/7/a r/ou^/fl5/ Ogilvie-Grant, 1910 .12 

Proc. -ool. Soc. Lond., 1910 : 18, 577. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1909.8.30.79, Seven-finger Mountains, Central Hainan, 11 Nov. 
1906. Collected by R. Douglas. Presented through the Zoological 
Society of London. 
The described female syntype is also in the collection. 

dowii — Calliste donii SaWm, \S63 51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863 : 168. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.6.4.567. (Rancho Redonda, on label), Costa Rica. Collected 
by J. M. Dow. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

dryas — Malacocichladrvas Gou\d,\%5A . . .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1854 : 285, pi. 75. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1854.12.20.17. Vera Paz, Guatemala. Collected by Skinner 
and purchased of J. Gould. 

Listed as type by Seebohm, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 5 (1881) : 205. 

dryas — Rhipidura drvas Go\Ad, l^Al ..... . 37A 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1842 : 132. Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
4 (1879) : 322, lists a specimen, no. 1858.12.2.15, as the type, but 
this appears to have no type status. Most of the Gould Australian 
types were purchased by Wilson for Philadelphia in 1847. Stone 
and Mathews, Austral Avian Record, 1 (1912) : 158, list a Phila- 
delphia specimen as the type although this is not subsequently listed 
by de Schauensee, Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philad., 109 (1957) : 213. 

dthalae — Fringillaria dthalae Ogilvie-Grant, 1902 .49 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 12 : 80. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1902.12.13.73. Dthala, South-western Arabia, 13 March 1901. 
Collected by and purchased of G. W. Bury. 

This is the author's selected male syntype. The selected female 
and several other syntypes are also in the collection. 

dubareasis — Lanius excubitor dubarensis C. H. B. Grant and Mack- 

worth-Praed, 1951 23 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 71 : 55. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1905.11.27.35. Dubar, 7 miles north of Berbera, British Somali- 
land, 3 June 1905. Collected by G. W. Bury and purchased of E. 
Gerrard. 



dulitensis 155 

dubia — Aethopyga dubia Tweeddale, 1878 . . . . .46 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1878 : 112. Syntype, Immature, male. 
Reg. no. 1888.7.1.123. Dinagat Island, Philippines, June 1877. 
Collected by A. H. Everett. Tweeddale Collection. 
The two other syntypes are also in the collection. 

dubia — Myrmecocichla dubia Blundell and Lovat, 1 899 . . 31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 10 : 22. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1900.1.3. 
112. Fontaly, south Abyssinia, 17 Jan. 1899. Collected and 
presented by H. Weld Blundell and Lord Lovat. 

dubius — Budytes dubius Hodgson, 1 844 . . . . .19 

in J. E. Gray, Zoological Miscellany, 1844 : 83 {nomen nudum). 

A specimen in the collection was listed as type by Sharpe, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 (1885) : 522. 

dubius — Proparus dubius y{\imQ,\%l A ...... 32B 

Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 5 : 107. Holotype, Adult (female on 
label). Reg. no. 1886.10.1.6224. (Outskirts of pine forest, Salween 
district, Tenasserim, {vide Hume, Stray Feathers, 2 (1874) : 448), 
11 Feb. 1874 (on label). Collected by W. Davison. Hume 
Collection. 

dubius — Pyrocephalus dubius Gould, 1839 ..... 9 
Zoology of the voyage of H. M.S. Beagle 3, Birds : 46. Holotype, 
Adult female (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1855.12.19.184. Galapa- 
gos Archipelago. Collected by C. Darwin. Purchased of the 
Zoological Society of London as the type. 

dubius — Turdus dubius Latham, \S0\ . . . . . .38 

Index Ornithologicus, SuppL: xl. Sharpe, Hist. Coll. Brit. Mus., 
2 (1906) : 131, lists a drawing, no. 123 in Watling, Original water- 
colour drawings . . . , in the Library of the Zoology Department, 
British Museum (Natural History), as the type; but this is not 
considered to be the type of the description. 

dukhunensis — Alauda dukhunensis Sykes, \S32 .17 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1832 : 93. Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4740. Deccan, India. Collected by W. H. 
Sykes and presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 

dukhunensis — Motacilla dukhunensis Sykes, 1 832 . . .19 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1832:91. Syntype, Adult (summer 
plumage, vide Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 (1885) : 470). Reg. 
no. 1880.1.1.3054. Deccan, India. Collected by W. Sykes and 
presented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 
Listed as type by Sharpe, loc. cit. 

dulitensis — Buchanga leucophaea dulitensis Harrisson and Hartley, 

1934 64 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 54 : 158. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 



156 dumasi 

1933.11.2.4. Mount Dulit, 4,500', Sarawak, Borneo, 22 Aug. 1932. 
Collected by T. H. Harrisson and C. H. Hartley. Presented by the 
Oxford University Borneo Expedition, of 1932. 

dumasi — Poecilodryas bracliyiira cliiniasi OgiWie-GranX, \9\5 . 37 

Ibis, (10) 2, Supplement : 163. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1900.4.10.21. North New Guinea. Collected by J. M. Dumas. 
Purchased through Miss Sharpe. 

Mayr, List of New Guinea Birds (1941) : 142, stated that the 
locality was Humboldt Bay, but appeared to have overlooked 
Hartert's statement, Novit. ZooL, 36 (1930) : 118, that the Dumas 
collection was made on the eastern slopes of the Arfak Mountains 
and that he and Lord Rothschild had erroneously believed it to 
be Humboldt Bay. 

dumetoria — Saxicola ? dumetoria Wallace, 1 864 . .37 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863 (publ. 1864) : 490. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1873.5.12.230. Lombock, 1856. Collected by 
A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

duncani — Duncanula duucani C\\\\hh, \92\ . . . . .59 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (9) 7 : 193. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 

no. 1922.3.5.3784. Mount Roraima, British Guiana, Oct. 1898. 
Collected by F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 

The specimen label is marked "described". There are other 
syntypes in the collection. 

duncani — Mviodynastes solitarius duncani Chuhh, \9\9 . . 9 

Bull. Brit. dm. CI., 40 : 62. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1922.3.5.2808. Supenaam River, British Guiana, 1913. Col- 
lected for F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

dunni— Calendula dunni Shelley, \904 17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 24 : 82. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1903.2.7.5. Ogageh, Sudan. Collected by W. H. Dunn and 
presented by H. N. Dunn. 
The female syntype is in the collection. 

eboensis — Nectarinia eboensis Jardine, 1 843 . . . .46 

Naturalists Library 13, Ornithology 5, Sunbirds : 244. Holotype, 
Adult male (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1842.9.24.8. Eboe, 
Niger River, West Africa. Collected and presented by R. W. 
Thompson, from the Niger Expedition. 

Jardine used a Thompson MS. name. Subsequently, in the same 
volume, op. cit. 257 and pi. 30, he regarded this species as synony- 
mous with A'^. adelberti Gervais, 1834. 

eburneus — Phyllastrephus eburneus Bannerman, 1923 . .21 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 43 : 162. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1923.11.12.207. Beoumi, Ivory Coast, West Africa, 11 Dec. 
1922. Collected and presented by W. P. Lowe and H. R. Hardy. 



elegans 1 57 

eclipes — Chatorhea eclipes Hume, 1877 ..... 32B 
Strav Feathers, 5 : 337. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1886. 
10.L3186. Peshawar, Punjab, 6 Dec. 1868. Collected by A. O. 
Hume. Hume Collection. 

edgari — Oriolus maciilatus eclgariChasen, 1939 . .63 

Treubia, 17 : 205. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1947.60.30. 
Singapore, Malaya, 26 April 1937. Presented by the Raffles 
Museum, Singapore. 

edithae — Corvus eciithae PhiW'ips, IS95 . . . .71 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 4 : 36. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
98.7.27.2. Mainwaina Plains, near Berbera, Somaliland, Winter 
1894-5. Collected by and purchased of E. Lort Phillips. 

editus — Anthus richardi editus Vincent, 1951 . .19 

Annals of the Natal Museum, 12 : 135. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1956.35.66. Sanqubetu River Valley, 8,000', Basutoland, 
29°17' S., 29°2r E., 18 Oct. 1946. Collected and presented by J. 
Vincent. 

cfulenensis — Eurillas efulenensisShax}pe,\9QA . . .21 

Ibis, (8) 4 :636. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1902.7.15.7. 
Efulen, Cameroons, 27 July 1901. Collected by G. L. Bates and 
purchased of him through E. W. de Winton. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

egertoni — Actinodura egertoni Gould, IS36 . . . . 32B 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1836 : 18. Holotype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1855.12.19.382. Nepal. Collected by Sir 
P. G. Egerton. Presented by the Zoological Society on the dis- 
persal of their museum. 

egregia — Dacnis egregia P. L.Sc\2iitr,\%55 . . .51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1854 (publ. 1855) : 251. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1854.6.24.5. Colombia. Purchased of E. 
Parzudaki. 

elaeoprorus — Buarremon elaeoprorus P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1879 . 49 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1879 : 504. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.6.8.151. Santa Elena, Antioquia, Colombia. Collected 
by T. K. Salmon. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

elegans — Cistothorus elegans P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1859 . . 28 

Ibi.s, (1) I :8. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1885.3.6.467. 
Lake of Duenas, Guatemala, 1 Feb. 1858. Collected by O. Salvin. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 

elegans — Dendrornis elegans Pe\zc\n, 1868 .... 2 

Zur Ornithologie Brasiliens : 45, 63. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.5.20.522. Engcnho do Capit3o Gama, Mato Grosso, 



158 elegans 

central Brazil, 8 Aug. 1826. Collected by J. Natterer. P. L. Sclater 
Collection. 

Listed as "authentic specimen" by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mas., 
15 (1890) : 137. 

elegans — Hypocnemis elegans P. L. Sclater, 1857 .... 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1857 : 47. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1854.1.25.88. Bogota, Colombia. Purchased of S. Stevens. 

elegans — Lanius elegans Swainson, 1832 . . . . .23 

//; Swainson and Richardson, Fauna Boreali-Americana, 2 (Birds), 
1831 (publ. 1832) : 122. Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. Old Vellum Cat. 10.4. "The fur countries" (error, southern 
Algeria or Tunisia, vide Ogilvie-Grant, Novit. Zool., 9 (1902) : 457, 
and Hartert Vog. Palaarkt. Fauna, 1 (1907) : 427). Presented by the 
Hudson Bay Company. 

elegans — Mimus elegans S\\3.vpt, 1881 . .29 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 6 : 339. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1870. 
4.12.57. Inagua, Bahamas, 1870. Collected by H. Bryant and 
presented by Mrs Bryant through the Boston Society of Natural 
History. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

elegans — Phoenicornis elegans McClelland, 1840 . . . .20 

/■/; Horsfield, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1839 (publ. 1840) : 156. Holo- 
type, Adult male (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.2935. 
Assam. Collected by J. McClelland and presented by the Honour- 
able East India Company Museum. 

elegans — Synallaxis elegans P. L. Sclater, 1856 .... 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1856:25. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.5.20.113. Bogota, Colombia. Collected for Verreaux. 
Sclater Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 40, 
There are two other syntypes if the collection. Renamed Synallaxis 
elegantior P. L. Sclater, 1862 on the grounds of its proccupation by 
S. elegans Lesson, 1844. 

elegantior — Synallaxis elegantior P. L. Sclater, 1862 ... 3 
Catalogue of American Birds : 151. New name for Synallaxis 
elegans P. L. Sclater, 1856, (q.v.) on the grounds of its preoccupation 
by S. elegans Lesson, 1844. 

elegantula — Emberiza elegantula Sw'inhoe, IS70 . . . .49 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1870 : 134. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1898.11.1.1407. Sides of mountain gorge near Kweichow, 
Hoopih Province, China, 18 April 1869. Collected by R. Swinhoe. 
Seebohm Bequest. 

elenae — Poecileatricapillus elenae P. R. Lowe, 1921 . . .42 
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (9) 8 : 444. Holotype, Adult female (1st 



elizae 159 

year). Reg. no. 1921.8.2.7. (Giomeiu, on label) Breuil, 7,000', 
Valtournanche, Northern Italy, (27 July 1921, on label). Collected 
and presented by P. R. Lowe. 

elfriedae — Mirafra sabota elfriedae Hoesch and Niethammer, 1940 17 
J. Orn., 88 (Sonderheft) -.111. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1937.2.17.56. Onguma, Etoscha Salt Pan, Damaraland, 10 Oct. 
1936. Collected by W. Hoesch. Hoesch Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

elgonensis — Amydrus elgonensis S\\dirpt,\%9\ . .62 

Ibis, (6) 3 :242. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1893.12.1.2. 
Mount Elgon, East Africa, 22 Feb. 1890. Collected and presented 
by F. J. Jackson. 

elgonensis — Merula elgonensis Sharpe, 1 89 1 .31 

Ibis, (6) 3:445. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1964.48.1. 
Mount Elgon, 8,000', Kenya, 14 Feb. 1890. Collected by F. J. 
Jackson and presented by the Musee Royal de TAfrique Centrale, 
Tervuren, Belgium. 

Specimen Reg. no. 1893.12.1.27, from Kikuyu, mentioned 
by Sharpe, Ibis, (6), 4 (1892) : 160, was incorrectly listed as type in 
Seebohm, Monograph oftlie Turdidae, 1 (1902) : pi. 72 and Jackson, 
Birds of Kenya and Uganda, 2 (1938) : 951 . See the correspondence 
in the Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.) with Dr. H. Schouteden, 1962, 1964. 

elgonensis — Poliospiza elgonensis Ogihic-Grant, \9\2 .59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 31 : 17. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1912.7.22.1. Mangiki, 6,000', Mount Elgon, Kenya, 14 June 1900. 
Collected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

elgonensis — Tarsiger elgonensis Ogilyic-Grant, 1911 .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 27 : 56. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.3.2.1. Mount Elgon, 7,000', British East Africa, 21 Feb. 1890. 
Collected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

elizae — Cryptospiza elizae Boyd Alexander, 1903 .60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 13 : 38. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.3293. Bakaki, 4,000', Fernando Po, 20 Nov. 1902. 
Collected by Boyd Alexander. Boyd Alexander Bequest. 

elizae — E^/n/c/o c/Zzae Boyd Alexander, 1903 .60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 13:54. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.3368. Moka, Fernando Po, 14 Dec. 1902 (12 Dec, on 
label). Collected for Boyd Alexander. Boyd Alexander Bequest. 
A pair of birds were available when the original description was 
made. In Ibis, (8) 3 (1903) : 354 the description is repeated with a 
slight difference in the tarsal measurement, and it is stated that the 
type is the male, the date given being 14. Dec, although the date of 
collection of the male specimen is given as 12 Dec. on the label, the 
female having been collected on the 14 Dec. 



160 ellae 

ellae — Irena ellae Steere, 1 890 ....... 22 

List of the Birds and Mammals collected on the Steere Expedition 
to the Philippines : 18 (reprinted in Ibis, (6) 3 (1891) : 313). Syn- 
TYPE, Adult male. Reg. no. 1896.6.6.406. Catbalogan, Samar, 
Philippines, 2 April 1888. Collected by and purchased of J. B. 
Steere. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

ellisiana — Pyriglena ellisiana P. L. Sclater, 1855 .... 4 
Proc. zool. Sac. Lond., 1855 : 109, pi. 100. Holotype, Adult 
female. Reg. no. 1854.5.5.1. Santa Fe de Bogota, Colombia. 
Presented by Lady Ellis. 

elopurensis — Siphia elopurensis Sharpe, 1890 . .37 

Ibis, (6) 2:206. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1886.1.30.3. 

Elopura, North-east Borneo, April. Collected by F. H. Pryor. 
Purchased of E. W. Janson. 

elwesi — 0/ocom eAre^/Blanford, 1872 . . .17 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 41 : 62. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1880.8.12.1. Kongra Lama Pass, 15,500', Sikkim, 6 Oct. 1870. 
Collected by Capt. Elwes and presented by W. T. Blanford. 

emendata — Cisticola chiniana emendata Winccnt, 1944 .35 

Bull, Brit. Orn. CI., 64 : 63. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1933.3.1.1230. Mirrote, 900', Mozambique Province, Portuguese 
East Africa, 13°50' S, 39°35'E., 17 June 1932. Collected and 
presented by J. Vincent. 

emigrans — Xiphocolaptes emigrans P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1859 2 

Ibis, (1) 1 : 118. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1889.5.14.685. 
San Geronimo, Vera Paz, Guatemala, 23 Dec. 1859. Collected by 
O. Salvin. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 145. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

emiliae — Nigrita emiliae Sharpe, 1869 . . .60 

Ibis, (2) 5 : 384, pi. 11. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1877.7.11.210. 
Fantee, Gold Coast. (Collected by Governor Ussher, vide, Shelley, 
Birds of Africa, 4 (1905) : 144). Sharpe Collection. 

Listed as the type by Shelley, op. cit. There are several other 
syntypes in the collection. 

empusa — Lagenoplastes empusa B\yth, IS66 . . . .18 

Ibis, (2) 2 : 337. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1881.5.1.5898. India. 
Obtained by Jerdon. Gould Collection. 
Blyth used Gould's MS name. 

enca — Fregilus enca HorsfLcld, 1821 . . . . . .71 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 164. Holotype, Adult, unsexed. 
Reg. no. 1860.4.16.534. Java. Collected by T. Horsfield. 



« 



ephippialis 161 

enderbyi — Myiomoira macrocephala eiukrbyi Mathews, 1930 . . 37 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 51 : 29. Holoty'pe, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1901.10.21.31. Enderby Island, near Auckland Island, New 
Zealand, 3 Jan. 1901. Collected by R. Henry {vide Ogilvie-Grant, 
Ibis, (8) 5 (1905) : 586). Presented by the Earl of Ranfurly. 

enganensis — Siphia enganensis OgiWit-Gvdini, \%95 . . .37 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 5 : 2. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897. 
5.13.316. Cape Engano, Luzon, Philippines, (29 April 1895, on 
label). Collected by J. Whitehead. Presented by the subscribers 
to the Whitehead Expedition. 

Listed as the type hy Hachisuka, Birds of the Philippines, 2 (1935) : 
295, but other specimens are referred to in the original description. 

entebbe — Cisticolaayresii entebbe Lynes, 1930 . .35 

Ibis, (12)6, Supplement: 154. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1928.10.25.9. Entebbe, Uganda, 6 June 1927. Collected by 
Admiral H. Lynes, and B. B. Osmaston. Presented by Admiral H. 
Lynes. 

eoa — Sylvicola eoa Gosse, 1847 ....... 54 

Birds of Jamaica : 158. Syntype, Adult male (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1847.6.8.15. Crab Pond, Jamaica, 21 or 24 Jan. Col- 
lected by P. H. Gosse and purchased as the type. 

See also Peters, Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 40 (1927) : 32-33. The 
specimen is faded, and the equally faded female syntype is also in 
the collection. 

epauletta — Cinnyris epauletta Hodgson, 1837 . . .46 

India Review, 1837 : 272. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1845. 
1.9.523. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
There are other syntypes in the collection. 

epauletta — Pyrrhulal epauletta Hodgson, IS36 .59 

Asiat. Res., 19 : 156. Syntype, Adult male (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1 843. 1 . 1 3.838. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. 
Hodgson. 
There are other syntypes in the collection. 

ephippialis — Ramphocelus ephippialis P. L.Sc\ater,lS6\ . . .51 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 : 130. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.6.12.553. Upper Amazon (error, ^South Brazil, vide 
Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 11 (1886) : 171). Collected for 
Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

ephippialis — Turdus ephippialis P. L. Sclater, \S62 .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1862 : 109. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1886.8.2.86. Bogota, Colombia. Collected by Triibner. Sclater 
Collection; obtained by the latter from the Bremen Museum. 



162 epuatorialis 

epimacurus — Cinnyris epimacurus Hodgson, 1844 . .46 

in J. E. Gray, Zoological Miscellany : 82. This is a nomen nudum 
and the specimen referred to as the type by Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. 
Mus., 9 (1884) : 25, is not valid. 

equatorlalis — Rhopoterpe torquata equatorialis Chuhh, 191S 3 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 38 : 85. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1889. 
9.20.567. Sarayacu, east Ecuador, 1880. Collected by C. Buckley. 
Sclater Collection. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 

equicaudata — Cisticola exilis equicaudata E. C. S. Baker, 1924 . 35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 44 : 39. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1916.12.27.954. Sambok, Siam, 29 August 1915. Collected and 
presented by E. G. Herbert. 

eremita — Nesocichla eremita Gould, IS55 . . .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1855 : 164. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1856.10.14.9. Tristan d'Acunha. Collected by J. Macgillivray 
on the voyage of H. M.S. Herald. 

eremodites — Pyrrhulauda eremoditesR.MQmertzhagen, 1923 . . 17 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 43 : 156. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1923.6.18.1. Sheikh Othman, Aden Protectorate, 15 Jan. 1922. 
Presented by Col. R. Meinertzhagen. 

erithacus — Liosceles erithacus F.L.Sdater, 1890 .... 6 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 : 345. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1889.9.20.707. Sarayacu, Ecuador, 1880. Collected by C. Buckley. 
Sclater Collection. 

There are three other syntypes in the collection; the fifth is now 
at the American Museum of Natural History, New York. 

ernesti — Oenanthe leucopyga ernesti R. Meinertzhagen, 1930 . 31 

in Nicoll's Birds of Egypt, 1 : 280. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1965.M.18. Wadi Feiran, Sinai, 1 March 1928. Collected 
by R. Meinertzhagen. Meinertzhagen Collection. 

ernesti — Pinarochroa ernesti Sharpe, 1900 . . . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 10 : 36. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1900.1.19.29. Camp 22, 13,000', Teliki Valley, Mount Kenya, 
2 Sept. 1899. Collected by and purchased of H. J. Mackinder. 

erochroa — Abrorniserochroa 3. E. Gray, IS46 . .35 

Catalogue of mammalia and birds of Nepal and Thibet presented by 
B. H. Hodgson to the British Museum : 66, 152. Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1843.1.13.282. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. 
Hodgson. 

Listed with another specimen as the types by Seebohm, Cat. 
Bds. Brit. Mus., 5 (1881) : 74. There are other syntypes in the 
collection. Gray used a Hodgson MS. name. 



erythrocnemis 163 

erromangae — Rhipidwa eiromangae Sharpe, 1900 . . . 37A 

Ibis, (7) 6:340. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1900.1.10.19. 
Polenia Bay, Erromanga, New Hebrides, 25 May 1899. Collected 
and presented by A. M. Farquhar, from the voyage of H.M.S. 
Walleroo. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

erwini — Zosterops palpebrosaern'iniChasen, 1934 . .47 

Bull. Raffles Mus., 9 : 96. Holotype, Adult female (male, vide 
original label, and Gibson-Hill, Bull. Raffles Mus., 19 (1949) : 150). 
Reg. no. 1947.60.60. Pulau Panjang, South Natuna Island, South 
China Seas, 9 August 1931. Collected by P. M. de Fontaine. 
Presented by the Raffles Museum, Singapore, as the type. 

erythacus — Siphia erythacus Jcrdon and Blyth, IS61 . .37 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 : 210. (Not Siphia erythaca of Blyth, 
J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 16 (1847) : 126, from Malaya). Syntype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1886.4.1.1913. Darjeeling, Sikkim, India, 
1860. Collected by T. C. Jerdon. Hume Collection. 

Jerdon, Birds of India, 1 (1862) : 480, stated that he collected a 
specimen at Darjeeling. This specimen was labelled and registered 
as the type. Blyth appeared to have overlooked his earlier use of 
this name for a different species {op. cit. 1847). 

erythrocephalum — Cinclosoma erythrocephalum Yxgoxs, 1831 . 32B 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1831 : 171. Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
1 (1883) : 361, lists a Hodgson specimen as the type; but Vigors 
stated that Gould presented the type to the Zoological Society 
Museum, and it was not received from the society when the museum 
was dispersed. 

erythrocephalus — PloceuserythrocephalusKuppe\\,\%A5 . 61 

Systematische Uebersicht der Vogel nord-ost Afrikas : 71. Holo- 
type, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1861.5.8.44. Shoa, 
Abyssinia. Collected by W. C. Harris. Presented by the Honour- 
able East India Company Museum. 

erythrocerca — FormicivoraerythrocercaV.h.Sc\2iiQT,\2)5% 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 240, pi. 142. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1881.2.18.118. Brazil? Eyton Collection. 

erythrocercus — Myiarchus erythrocercus P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1869 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1868 (pub!. 1869) : 631. Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1 888. 1.1 3. 1082. Caraccas, Venezuela. Collected by A. 
Goering. Sclater Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

erythrocnemis — Pomatorhinus erythrocnemis GouM, \863 . 32B 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1862 (publ. 1863) : 281. Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1898.10.3.614. North Formosa, April 1862 (on label). 
Collected by R. Swinhoe. Seebohm Bequest. 
There arc several other syntypes in the collection. 



1 64 erythrogenys 

ervthrogenys — Horornis crvthrogenvs Hume, \S12 . .35 

'ibis, (3) 2 : 108, 469. Holotype. Adult. Reg. no. 1886.7.8.2194. 
Below Darjeeling, India. 20 May 1870. Collected by W. Masson. 
Hume Collection. 

erythrolaema — Phoenicothraupis erythrolaema P. L. Sclater, 1862 51 
Catalogue of a collection of American birds : 83. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1885.6.12.681. Sta. Marta, New Granada {error, 
see Todd and Carriker, Ann. Carnegie Miis., 14 (1922) : 483. Cor- 
rected to "vicinity of the mouth of the Rio Sinu, Colombia", by 
Parkes (letter, MS. in prep.)). Collected for Verreaux. Sclater 
Collection. 

Sclater used a Bonaparte MS. name. 

erythrolaema — Trochalopterum erythrolaema Hume, 1881 . 32B 

Stray Feathers, 10 : 153. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886. 
10.1.2785. Matchi, Manipur, India, 8 May 1881. Collected by 
A. O. Hume. Hume Collection. 

erythroleuca — Grallaria erythroleuca P. L. Sclater, IS73 4 

Froc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1873 : 783. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.9.20.623. Huasampilla, Peru, Mar. 1872. Collected by H. 
Whitely. Sclater Collection. 

erythronota — Geocichla erythronota P. L. Sclater, IS59 . . .31 
Ibis, (1) 1 : 113. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1873.5.12.75. 
Macassar, Celebes, 1857. Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace 
Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

erythronota — Rhipidura erythronota Sharpe, 1 879 . . 37A 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 : 337. pi. 10. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg.no. 1877.11.17.27. VanuaLevu, Fiji, 23 Oct. 1875. Collected 
by Kleinschmidt. Purchased of the Godeflfroy Museum. 

erythronotus — Fbilydor erythronotiis P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1873 3 
Nomencl. Av. Neotrop. : 160. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1889. 
5.20.362. Bogota, Colombia, 1870. Sclater Collection. 

erythrophrys — Fithvs erythrophrvs P. L. Sclater, IS55 ... 4 
Froc. zool. Soc. Land., 1854 (publ. 1855) : 255, pi. 72. Holotype, 
Adult (female). Reg. no. 1889.9.20.519. Bogota, Colombia, 
1853. Collected for Argent. Sclater Collection. 

erythrophrys — Foospiza erythrophrys P. L. Sclater, ISSl . .49 

Ibis, (4) 5 : 599, pi. 17. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1885. 
2.10.320. Sierra de Totoral, Catamarca, Argentine, 30 July 1880. 
Collected by E. W. White. Sclater Collection. 



I 



erythroptera 165 

erythrophthalma — Batis erythrophthalma Swynncrton, 1907 38 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 19 : 109. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1910.7.1.355. Chirinda Forest, 3,900', Gazaland, (28 August 
1906, on label). Collected by and purchased of C. F. M. 
Swynnerton. 

Labelled as the type by the author, but three other syntypes were 
available and are in the collection. 

erythropleura — Suyaerythropleura'^2L\dit\\,\'&15 . . . .35 
in Blyth and Walden, Catalogue of Mammals and birds of Burma : 
120. (published as an "extra number" of /. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 
Aug. 1875). HOLOTYPE, Adult male. Reg. no. 1888.4.20.260. 
Tonghoo Hills, Burma, (April 1874, on label). Collected by R. G. 
Wardlavv- Ramsay. Tweeddale Collection. 

erythropleurus — TurduserythropleurusShaTpe,\%S7 . .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1887 : 515. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1887.5.1.21. Christmas Island. Collected by Capt. Maclear 
of //.M.S. Flying Fish and presented by the Lords of the Admiralty. 

erythroprocta — Ruticilla erythroprocta Gould, \S55 .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1855 : 78. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1860.1.16.33. Erzeroum, Turkey. Collected by Dickson and 
Ross (vide Seebohm, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 5 (1881) : 342) and 
purchased of J. Gould. 

erythrops — Climacteris erythrops Gould, IS41 . 44C 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1840 (publ. 1841) : 148. Syntype, Adult 
male (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1841.6.1438. New South Wales 
(Liverpool Range, vide Gould, Birds of Australia 4, pt. 1. (1841) : pi. 
95). Collected and presented by J. Gould. 

Labelled as "one of the type specimens". There are other syn- 
types in the collection, from the Eyton Collection; and two more 
in Philadelphia (vide de Schauensee, Proc. Acad. Sci. Nat. Phila- 
delphia, 109 (1957) : 197). 

erythrops — LeptopogonerythropsP.L.Sdater, 1862 ... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1862:111. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.417. Bogota, Colombia. Collected for Trubner. 
Sclater Collection. 
The second syntype is in the collection. 

erythrops — Synallaxis erythrops P. L. Sclater, 1 860 ... 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 66. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.5.20.223. Pallatanga, Ecuador, Oct. 1858. Collected by 
L. Eraser. Sclater Collection. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

erythroptera— /)r_vwo/ca e/->7/7ro/j/era Jardine, 1849 .35 

Contributions to Ornitholoi^y : 15, pi. 2. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1 886.6.24.2 10. Gold Coast. Collected by C. A. Gordon. 
Jardine Collection. 



1 66 ery throptera 

erythroptera — Mirafra ervthroptera Blyth, 1845 . .17 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 13 (1844, publ. 1845) : 958. Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1846.4.30.2. Southern part of the peninsula of India (in 
text; Carnatic, vide Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 614). 
Collected by Jerdon. Jerdon Collection. 

This is one of the specimens listed by Jerdon, Madras J. Lit. Sci., 
II (1840) : 33 as Mirafra javanica Horsfield? Jerdon's description 
was referred to by Blyth, he. eit. The whereabouts of Blyth's own 
specimens, if any, are not known. 

erythroptera — Terpsiplwne erythroptera Sharpe, 1819 38 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 : 357. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1875.4.9.45. Gambia River, Senegambia. Collected by Whitely. 
Purchased of R. B. Sharpe. 

According to Sclater, Sy sterna Avium Aethiopicarum (1930) : 432, 
the specimens are examples of the Indian species, T. paradisi which 
have been wrongly labelled. 
A female syntype is in the collection. 

erythropterus — Anabates ery thropter us V. h. ScXaier, \%56 . . 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Loiid., 1856:27. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.5.20.355. Bogota, Colombia. Collected for Verreaux. Sclater 
Collection. 

erythropterus — Andropadus erythropterus HaxiXanh, X^S^ 21 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1858 : 292. Holotype, Immature. Reg. 
no. 1858.1.4.97. Ashanti, Gold Coast. Collected by S. T. D. 
Aubinn, a native collector and purchased of J. Gould. 
Hartlaub used G. R. Gray's MS. name. 

erythropterus — Fornn'carius erythropterus Gould, \S55 ... 4 
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (2) 15 : 345. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1855.11.5.8. Interior of Demerara. Purchased of J. Gould. 

erythropterus — Lanius erythropterus V\gor?,,\%3\ . . . 32B 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1831 : 22. Holotype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1967.2.1. Himalayas. Gould Collection. 

erythropterus — Lichenops erythropterus Gould, 1839 ... 9 
Zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, 3, Birds : 52, pi. 9. 
Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1881.2.18.157. Banks 
of the Plata. (Maldonado, on label.) Collected by C. Darwin. 
Eyton Collection, received by him from the museum of the Zoological 
Society of London. 

erythropterus — Turdus (Monticola) erythropterus G. R. Gray, 1860 31 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 350. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1873.5.12.573. Gilolo, 1858. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 

erythropthalmos — Ixos erythropthahnos Hume, 1878 . .21 

Stray Feathers, 6 : 314. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886. 



erythrote 1 67 

9.1.2373. Pakchan, Tenasserim, 26 Jan. 1875. Collected by W. 
Davison. Hume Collection. 
There is a second male syntype in the collection. 

erythropygia — Deiidrornis erythropygia P. L.Sdater, \S59 . . 2 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 : 366. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.5.20.484. Jalapa, Vera Cruz, Mexico. Collected by R. M. 
de Oca and purchased with the Sclater Collection. 

erythropygia — Hinindo erythropygia Sykes, \S32 . . .18 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loud, 1832:83. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1880.1.1.4436. Poona, Bombay Presidency, March. Collected by 
W. H. Sykes and presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 (1885) : 164. 
According to Kinnear (MS.) there were two males and two females 
in the Sykes Collection; only the above specimen was listed by 
Sharpe {loc. cit.). 

erythropygia — Sa.xicola erytliropygia Sykes, \S32 . . .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1832 : 92. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1880.1.1.775. Deccan, India. Collected by W. H. Sykes and 
presented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 

erythropygia — 5'Gr.\7Vo/o^/-)7/7/-o/7>'^/a Cavendish Taylor, 1867 . . 31 
Ibis, (2) 3:61. Holotype, Immature. Reg. no. 1905.6.28.501. 
River Nile, Egypt, March 1864. Collected and bequeathed by E. 
Cavendish Taylor. 

The author was apparently unaware that the same name had 
been used by Sykes, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1832 : 92 (^.v.), for a 
different species. 

erythropygium — Edolisoma erythropygiion Sharpe, 18S8 . . . 20 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1888 : 184. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1888.2.7.33. Guadalcanar, Solomon Archipelago, 15 April 
1887. Collected by and purchased of C. M. Woodford. 
The male syntype is also in the collection. 

erythrorhynchus — Arremon erythrorhynclws P. L. Sclater, 1855 49 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1855 : 83, pi. 89. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1 855.1 1 .5.26. Bogota, New Colombia. Collected for and 
purchased of J. Gould. 

erythrosticta — Pomareaerythrosticta Sharpe, \S87 .38 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1888 : 185. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1887.1.17.5. Fauro, Solomon Archipelago. Collected 
by and purchased of C. M. Woodford. 

erythrote— Malacopterum erythrote Sharpe, \8S3 . . . 32B 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 : 544, 567, pi. 13. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1852.2.12.52. Borneo. Collector and donor unknown. 



1 68 erythrothorax 

erythrothorax — Leistes erythrothorax Pdzeln, IS70 .57 

Ornithologie Brasiliens : 197, 326. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.7.12.165. Rio Madeira, Brazil. 16 Nov. 1829. Col- 
lected by J. Natterer. Sclater Collection, received by him in ex- 
change from the Vienna Museum. 

Pelzeln used a Natterer MS. name. A female syntype is also in 
the collection. Listed as "typical specimens", by P. L. Sclater, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 11 (1886) : 349. 

erythrotis—C/o//a/7V7£'o7/7ror/5 P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1876 . . 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lorn/., 1876 : 357. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.7.10.876. Tilotilo, Yungas Province, Bolivia, 1876. Col- 
lected by C. Buckley. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

erythrotis — Menila ervthrotis Davison, 1 886 . . . .31 

Ibis, (5) 4 : 205. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1886.7.31.1. 
Hills east of Cannamore, Travancore. Collected by a native for A. 
Macgregor and presented by the Travancore Museum. 

The second syntype is also in the collection. See Whistler, J. 
Bombay nat. Hist. Soc, 36 (1932) : 76. 

erythrura — Mvrniotherulaervthrura P. L. Sclater, 1890 ... 4 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15: 236, pi. 15. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1889.9.20.270. Rio Napo, Ecuador. Collected for 
Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 

euchrysea — Hirimdo euchrysea Gosse, IS47 . . . . .18 
The Birds of Jamaica : 68, pi. 12. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1847.6.8.16. Limestone range of the centre of Jamaica. Col- 
lected by Hill and purchased of P. H. Gosse. 

eugenei — Myiophoneus eiigenei Hume, IS13 . . . .31 

Stray Feathers, 1 : 475. Syntype, Adult (female on label). "Reg. 
no. 1886.10.1.53. West Pegu Hills, Burma, 7 April 1873. Col- 
lected by E. W. Oates. Hume Collection. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

euofhrys—Basileuterus euophrys P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1876 54 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1876 : 352. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.3.8.708. Tilotilo, Yungas of La Paz, Bolivia, 1876. 
Collected by C. Buckley. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

euophrys — Thryothoriis euophrys P. L.Sdater, I860 . . .28 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 74. Holotype, Adult (female, vide 
Sclater, Catalogue of American Birds, 1862 : 21). Reg. no. 1886. 
9.15.133. Lloa, a few miles south-west of Quito, Ecuador, May 
1859. Collected by L. Eraser. Sclater Collection. 

everetti — Arachnoraphis everetti Sharpe, 1893 . . . .46 
Ibis, (6), 5 : 561. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1893.6.2.19. 



everetti 1 69 

Mount Kinabalu, North Borneo, Nov. 1892. Collected by A. H. 
Everett. Purchased of E. Gerrard. 

This specimen, the only one purchased, was registered as the type 
but the original description was based on eight specimens. 

everetti — Criniger everetti Tweeddale, 1877 . .21 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 20 : 535. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1888.4.1.324. Surigao, north Mindanao, Philippines, May 
1877. Collected by A. H. Everett. Tweeddale Collection. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 

everetti — Dicaeiim everetti Tweeddale, \877 . . . .45 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (4) 20 : 537. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.7.12.119. Dinagat Island, Philippines, (June 1877, on 
label). Collected by A. H. Everett. Tweeddale Collection. (See 
also appendix. Corrections and Additions vol. 2.) 

everetti — Ec/olisoma everetti Sharpe, 1893 . . . . .20 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 3 : 10. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1894. 
4.20.52. Bongao Island, Sulu Archipelago, July 1893. Collected 
by A. H. Everett and purchased of E. Gerrard. 

The male syntype is also in the collection. See Ibis, (6) 6 (1894) : 
254 for a more detailed description. 

everetti — Geocichla everetti Sharpe, IS92 . . . . .31 

Ibis, (6) 4 : 323, 431. Holotype, Adult female (most tailfeathers 
missing). Reg. no. 1892.4.29.3. Mount Dulit, 5,000', north- 
west Borneo, Oct. 1891. Collected by C. Hose and purchased of 
E. Gerrard. 

everetti — Oxycerca everetti Tweeddale, 1877 . . . .60 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 20 : 96. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.9.20.9. Monte Alban, Luzon, Philippines, Feb. 1877. Col- 
lected by A. H. Everett. Tweeddale Collection. 

The other three syntypes are also in the collection, all four being 
labelled as types by the author. 

everetti — Prionochilus everetti Sharpe, 1877 . . . .45 

Ibis, (4) I : 16. Holotype, Adult (male, on label). Reg. no. 
1876.7.28.5. (Bintulu, on label), western Borneo. Collected by 
A. H. Everett. Purchased of T. Higgins. 

everetti — Sipliia everetti Sharpe, IS90 . .37 

Ibis, (6) 2:366. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1890.6.14.5. 
Mount Penrisen, 4,400', West Sarawak, Borneo. Collected by a 
native collector for A. H. Everett. Purchased of E. Gerrard. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

everetti — Zosterops everetti Tweeddale, ISll . . .47 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land, 1877 : 762. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.7.1.700. Cebu, Philippines, April 1877. Collected by 
A. H. Everett. Tweeddale Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 



170 examinatus 

examinatus — Rhynchocvclus siilpliurascens examinatus Chubb, 1920 9 
Bull. Brit. Orn. C/.,'40 : 108. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1922. 
3.5.2655. Bartica Grove, British Guiana, 1912. Collected by F. V. 
McConnell. McConnell Collection. 

excellens — Cinnyrise.\ceUensOgiW\Q-GxanX,\%95 .46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 4 : 16. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1897.5.13.159. (Manitoe, Albay District, South-east Luzon, on 
label), Philippines. Collected by J. Whitehead. Presented by the 
subscribers to the Whitehead Expedition. 
A female syntype is also in the collection. 

excelsior — Cinclodes excelsior P. L. Sclater, 1 860 ... 3 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 77. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1889.5.20.48. 14,000', Pichincha, Ecuador, Jan. 1859. Col- 
lected by L. Eraser. Sclater Collection. 

This specimen, although labelled female, was listed as male by 
Sclater, Catalogue of American Birds, 1862 : 148. There is another 
syntype in the collection. 

exigua — Geothlypis exigua Ridgway, 1902 . . . . .54 

Birds of North and Middle America, Pt. 2 : 677. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1906.12.7.3408. Fresh Creek, Andos Island, 
Bahamas. 24 April 1893. G. S. Miller//-. Collection. 

exile — Todirostrum exile P. L. Sclater, 1857 .... 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1857 : 83, pi. 125. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.13.301. New Grenada ("Sta Martha, from preparation", 
on label). Collected for Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

exilis — Malurus exilis Vigors and Horsfield, 1827 . . .35 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15 : 223. Holotype, Reg. no. 1863.7.7.24. 
Australia. Presented by the Linnean Society of London as the 
type. 
The author used a Latham MS. name. 

eximia — A^er/ar/«/0 6'.v/m/a Horsfield, 1821 . . . . .46 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 168. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1880.1.1.4072. Java. Collected by T. Horsfield. Presented 
by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 
There are other syntypes in the collection. 

eximium — Dicaeum eximium P. L. Sclater, 1877 . . .45 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1877 : 102, pi. 14. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1888.7.12.38. New Ireland, South-West Pacific, March 
1876. Collected by the Rev. G. Brown. Tweeddale Collection. 

explorator — Zosteropsexploratorhiiy2ixd,\%15 . . . .47 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1875 : 29. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1880.11.18.215. Kandavu, Fijis. (Collected by J. Murray, 



I 



ezrai 171 

vide Finsch, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1877 : 734). From the voyage 
of H.M.S. Challenger. 

A fuller description was given in Finsch {op. cit.). The second 
female syntype is also in the collection. 

exsul — Spindalis exsul Sahin, 1885 . . . . .51 

Ibis, (5) 3 : 189, pi. 5. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1885. 

6.7.213. Cozumel Island off Northern Yucatan. Collected by E. 
C. J. Devis. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

extensicauda — Drymoica extensicauda Swinhoe, 1860 . .35 

Ibis, (1) 2 : 50. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1881.5.1.373. 
Amoy, China, 9 April 1859. Collected by R. Swinhoe. Gould 
Collection. 

Both Gould and later Sharpe {Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 (1881)) 
appear to have overlooked the fact that this was the type. 

extrema — Malacocincla rufipennis extrema Bates, 1930 . . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 51 : 49. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1930.12.3.8. Near Nzerekore, 1,900', French Guinea, 15 May 
1930. Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

exul — Pericrocotus exul Wallace, 1 863 . . . . .20 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863 : 492. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1873.5.12.1120. Lombock. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 
There is a female syntype in the collection. 

exultans — Aethopyga ignicauda cxultans E. C. S. Baker, 1925 . 46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 46 : 13. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1921.7.15.626. Shueli-Salwin divide, west-central Yunnan, (8,000', 
on label), July 1919. Collected by G. Forrest. Presented by Col. 
Stephenson Clarke. 

eytoni — Dendrocolaptes eytoniV.L.Sc\a.X.eT,\^57) ... 2 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1853 : 69, pi. 52. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1889.5.20.477. Capim River, near Para, Brazil, June 1849. 
Collected by A. R. Wallace and purchased with the Sclater 
Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 130. 

eytoni— yw/V/fl ev/ort/ Eraser, 1856 .62 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1856 : 368. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1881.2.18.74. West Africa. Eyton Collection. 

ezrai — Aethopyga ezrai Dd&cour, 1926 . . .46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 47 : 21. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1926.9.8.26. Dakto, Annam, 17 March 1926. Collected by J. 
Delacour. From the Franco-British Expedition to French Indo- 
China. 



1 72 faenorum 

faenorum — Ammomanes deserti faenorum R. Meinertzhagen, 1951 . 17 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1951 : 131. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1965.M.17. Bahrain Island, Persian Gulf, 19 Jan. 1951. Col- 
lected by R. Meinertzhagen. Meinertzhagen Collection. 

fagani — Accentor fagani OgiWxQ-GranX, \9\'i . .30 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 31 : 88. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1913.7.18.4. Menacha, 7,000', Yemen, south Arabia, 1 Feb. 1913. 
Collected by and purchased of G. W. Bury. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

fagani — Malimbus fagani Ogilvie-Grant, 1907 . . . .61 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 21 : 15. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.12.23.86. Fort Beni, Semliki Valley, Congo, 21 July 1906. 
Collected by R. B. Woosnam. Presented by the subscribers to the 
Ruwenzori Expedition. 

fagani — Serinus fagani Sharpe, 1896 ...... 59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 6 : 7. Syntype, Adult, (male on label). Reg. 
no. 1896.9.11.32. (Machakos State, 2,000', Kenya, 30 April 1896, 
on label.) Collected and presented by S. L. Hinde. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

fagani — Tchitrea fagani Bannerman, 1921 . . . . .38 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 42 : 28. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1920.3.10.8. Iju Waterworks, near Lagos, Southern Nigeria, 20 
Dec. 1919. Collected by W. P. Lowe. Presented by Captain 
Dane of H.M.S. Dwarf, who received it from the collector {vide 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 41 (1920) : 4). 

fairbanki — Trochalopteron fairbanki Blanford, 1869 . . 32B 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 38 pt. 2 : 175, pi. 17. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1869.9.15.1. Pulney Hills, south India. Collected by 
the Rev, S. Fairbank and presented by him through W. T. 
Blanford. 

See Blanford, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 49, pt. 2 (1880) : 142-3 for a 
note on this specimen. 

falcularius — Dendrocopus falcularius Vieillot, 1822 ... 2 
Encyclopedic Methodique; Ornithologie : 626. Hellmayr {Catalo- 
gue of Birds of the Americas, 4 (1925) : 339) considered that the 
type was in Paris. The specimen referred to by P. L. Sclater {Cat. 
Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 160) as the supposed type cannot be 
traced in the collection. 

M\fix—Elainea fallax P. L. Sclater, 1861 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 : 76. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.603. Jamaica. Collected by Ward. Sclater Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

fallax — Lanius fallax Finsch, 1872 ...... 23 

Trans, zool. Soc. Lond., 1 : 249, pi. 25. Syntype, Adult male. 



fasciolata 173 

Reg. no. 1888.5.30.361. Rairo, north-east Abyssinia, 13 Aug. 
1868. Collected by W. Jesse. Tweeddale Collection. 
Two female syntypes are also in the collection. 

familiaris — Pn/7/fl/a/7H7/am Horsfield, 1821 . . . .35 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Land., 13 : 165. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
Old Vellum Cat. 13, 346. Java, between 1811 and 1819. Col- 
lected by T. Horsfield. Presented by the Honourable East India 
Company Museum. 
There are two other syntypes, in bad condition, in the collection. 

familiaris — Pycnonotus familiaris Blyth, IS62 . . . .21 

J. Asiat. Soc. Beng., 31 : 343. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1862. 
6.29. 1 1 . Tounghoo, Upper Pegu, Burma, 1 860. Collected by A. P. 
Phayre and presented by E. Blyth. 

fantensis — Nectariniafantensis ShaTpe,lS70 . . .46 

Ibis, (2) 6 : 52. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1876.10.26.273. 
Fantee, Gold Coast. Collected for Higgins. Sharpe Collection. 

fantiensis — EremonielabadicepsfantiensisMacdonald, 1940 . . 35 
Ibis, (14) 4 : 341. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1911.12.23. 
2200. Prahau, Gold Coast, 1 July 1900. Collected by Boyd 
Alexander. Boyd Alexander Bequest. 

fantisiensis — Alseonaxfantisiensis Sharpe, IS19 . .37 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 : 131. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1875.4.9.475. Fantee, West Africa. Collected by A. 
Swanzy. Sharpe Collection. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 

fasciatus — Salpinctes fasciatus S>a\y'm and Godmax\,\%9\ . . 28 

Ibis, (6) 3:610. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1897.10.1.233. 
Volcan el Viejo, 6,500', near Chinandega, Nicaragua, 28 April 
1891. Collected by W. B. Richardson. Salvin-Godman Col- 
lection. 
The second, immature, syntype is also in the collection. 

fasciogularis — Ptilotis fasciogularis Gould, \S54 . . .48 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1851 (publ. 1854) : 285. Syntype, Adult 
(labelled as female but measurements are those of the described 
male). Reg. no. 1881.5.1.5551. Moreton Bay, Queensland. Col- 
lected by E. Strange. Gould Collection. 

A number of specimens were received by Gould {vide. Handbook 
to the birds of Australia, 1 (1865) : 507). Another syntype, which 
was listed as the type by Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 9 (1884) : 240, 
is also in the collection, but the measurements do not agree with the 
description. 

fasciolata — DrymoicafasciolataS>m\\\\,\%41 . .35 

Illustrations to the Zoology of South Africa, Aves : pi. 111. Syntype, 
Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1845.7.6.150. Open flat plains 



1 74 fasciolatus 

north-east of Latakoo. (South Africa, on label). Collected by 
and purchased of A. Smith. 

Registered as the type and listed as such by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. 
Brit. Miis., 7 (1883) : 134, but two other syntypes are referred to in 
the description. 

fasciolatus — Acrocephalus fasciolatus G. R. Gray, 1860 . . 35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 349. Holotype, (Immature male, 
vide Seebohm, Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 5 (1881): 110). Batchian, 
Molucca Islands, 1858. Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace 
Collection. 

feadensis — Calornis {Aplonis)feadensis Ramsay, \%S\ .62 

J. Linn. Soc. Lond. Zool., 16 : 129. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1895.12.24.5. Fead Island, Solomons. Collected by the 
Rev. G. Brown. Received in exchange from E. P. Ramsay, 
Sydney. 

felix— Mo/Of ///fl/e/a-Swinhoe, 1870 19 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1870 : 121, fig. 1. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1887.2.1.1367. Amoy, south China, May 1866. Collected 
by R. Swinhoe. Hume Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

felix — Saxicola torquata felix Bates, 1936 . . . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 57 : 20. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1913.7.18.29. Menacha (Manakha), 7-8,000', Yemen mountains. 
South Arabia, 25 Jan. 1913. Collected by and purchased of G. W. 
Bury. 

felix— r/7/-.ro//7on/5/e//x P. L. Sclater, 1859 28 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 : 371. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1886.9.15.146. Juquila, Oaxaca, Mexico, May 1858. Col- 
lected by A. Boucard. Sclater Collection. 

feminina — Bias feminina Jackson, 1906 . . .38 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 16 : 87. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 

1906.6.3.8. Toro, Uganda, 17 Feb. 1902. Collected and pre- 
sented by F. J. Jackson. 

feminina — Hyphantornisfeminina OgiWie-Grant, 1901 .61 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 21 : 15. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1906.12.23.148. Mokia, 3,400', south-east Ruwenzori, 2 May 
1906. Collected by R. E. Dent and G. Legge. Presented by the 
subscribers to the Ruwenzori Expedition. 
There are other syntypes in the collection. 

feminina — Lophorhina superba feminina OgiWie-Grant, 1915 . . 70 

Ibis, {10) 2, Jubilee Supplement : 27. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1916.5.30.1043. Camp 6B, Utakwa River, 4,200', Dutch New 
Guinea, 2 Feb. 1913. Collected by C. B. Kloss. Presented by 
British Ornithologists' Union New Guinea Expedition. 



ferruginea 175 

This is the authors selected male. His selected female and 
several other syntypes are also in the collection. 

femininus — Carpodacus femininus Rippon, 1906 . .59 

Bull. Brit. Orti. CI., 19 : 31. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1906.12.17.565. Yangtze River, 10,000', Big Bend, West Yunnan, 
23 March 1906. Collected by G. Rippon and presented as the 
type. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 

fernandonis — Orthotomus sutoriusfemandonis 'Whistler, 1939 . . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 60 : 15. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1940.12.3.364. Ohiyo, 5,820', Central Hill Zone, Ceylon, 27 Nov. 
1936. Collected by E. C. Fernando on the British Museum and 
Colombo Museum Avifaunal Survey. 

ferrea — Saxicolaferrea J. E. Gray, 1846 . . . . .31 

Catalogue of the Mammals and Birds of Nepal and Thibet presented 
by B. H. Hodgson to the British Museum : 153. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1843.1.13.686. Nepal. Collected and presented 
by B. H. Hodgson. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

ferreo rostris — Coccothraustes ferreorostris Wgors, 1829 . . 59 

Zool. J. Lond., 4 (1828, publ. 1829) : 354. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1855.12.19.39. Sima, Bonin Islands, Pacific Ocean. 
Collected by or for Captain Beechey, from the voyage of H.M.S. 
Blossom. Purchased of the Zoological Society of London. 

Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 31., states, apparently in 
error, that the specimen came from the voyage of H.M.S. Sulphur. 

ferrocyanea — Myiagraferrocyanea Ramsay, 1 879 . . .38 

Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 4 : 78. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1884.1.19.10. Guadalcanar, Solomon Islands, Dec. 1879. 
Collected by J. T. Cockerell on the voyage of the Ariel, and pur- 
chased of him as one of the types. 

Goulds, Birds of New Guinea 2 (1884) : pi. 36, implies that the type 
was at Sydney, but no holotype was designated in the original des- 
cription. The reference in Nature 20 (1879) : 125 is a nomen 
nudum. 

ferrugiceps — [Lanius] Collurio ferrugiceps Hodgson, 1837 . . 23 

The Indian Review, 1 : 446. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1843.1.13. 
768. Almost confined to the lower region of Nepal. Presented by 
B. H. Hodgson. 

ferruginea — A lauda ferruginea Smith, 1839 . .17 

Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa, 2 {Aves) : pi. 29. 
Syntype, Adult male (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1843.2.28.59. 
South of the Orange River, Cape Colony. Collected by A. Smith 
and purchased of the South African Society. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 650. 



1 76 ferruginea 

ferruginea — Hemicbelidon ferruginea Hodgson, 1 845 . . .37 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1845 : 32. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1848.6.4.120. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
There are a number of syntypes in the collection. 

ferrugineifrons — Hylophilusferrugineifrons P. L. Sclater, 1 862 . . 56 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1862:110. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1886.9.15.317. Interior of Colombia. (Collected by Triibner, on 
label.) Sclater Collection. 

fervidus — Accentor fervidus Sh2LX\)e, \%%1) . . . . .30 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 : 653. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1881.5.1.2155. Hakodadi, Japan, 14 Nov. 1865. Collected by H. 
Whitely. Gould Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

figlina — Pyranga figlina Salvin and Godman, 1883 . .51 

Biol. Centr.-Amer., Aves 1 : 293. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1885.6.7.352. Poctum, Guatemala, March 1862. Collected 
by O. Salvin. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

The male syntype is in the United States National Museum, 
vide Deignan, Type specimens of birds in the U.S. National Museum 
(1961) :581. 

filigera—P///o//X/7%era Gould, 1851 48 

Birds of Australia, Supplement, pt. 1 : pi. 42. (The description by 
Gould, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1850 : 287, pi. 34, was published 
after January 1852.) Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1855.11.5.21. 
Cape York, Northern Australia. Purchased of Gould. 

finschi — Cassiniafinschi Sharps, ISIO . . . .31 

Ibis, (2) 6 : 53, pi. 2. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1875.4.9.493. 

Fantee, Gold Coast, 1869. Collected for Higgins. Sharpe 
Collection. 

finschi — Emphonia finschi P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1877 . . 51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1877 : 19. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.6.12.105. Demerara, British Guiana. Collected by 
Wilkens. Sclater Collection, received by him in exchange from the 
Bremen Museum. 

finschi — Trichostoma finschi Walden, 1876 .... 32B 

Ibis, (3) 6:378. pi. 11. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1873.5.12.48. Macassar, Celebes. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) : 544. 

fitzgeraldi — Upucerthiafitzgeraldi Scott, 1900 .... 3 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 10 : 63. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1899.1.20.31. Peurta del Inca, Argentina, 9 March 1897. Col- 
lected by P. H. Gosse Jnr. and presented by E. A. Fitzgerald. See 
Hellmayr, Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 4 (1925) : 43. 



flava 177 

flammea — Lexops flanimea V^Wson, 1890 . . . . .55 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1889 (publ. 1890) : 445. Syntype, (male, 
on label). Reg. no. 1939.12.9.307. Kalae, Molokai, Sandwich 
Islands, June 1888. Collected by S. B. Wilson. Rothschild 
Bequest. 

Label is printed "E Mus. Acad. Cantabrigiae". The plumage is 
less vivid than that described but the specimen was collected at the 
same time as a pair of syntypes in the University Museum of Zoology, 
Cambridge. 

flammeus — Macrosphenus kempiflammeus Marchant, 1950 . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 70 : 26. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1950.9.1. Umuagwu, Owerri Division, Southern Nigeria, 21 
Aug. 1949. Collected and presented by S. Marchant. 

flammifer — Pericrocotiisflammifer Hume, IS7 5 .20 

Stray Feathers, 3 : 321. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886. 
4.1.393. Malewoon, Bankasoon, south Tenasserim, 25 March 
1875. Collected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 
There is also a female syntype in the collection. 

flammifera — Araclmotheraflammifera Tweeddale, ISIS . .46 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1878 : 343. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.7.1.492. South Leyte, Phihppines, Sept. 1877. Collected 
by A. H. Everett. Tweeddale Collection. 
The type is illustrated in Shelley, Monograph of the Nectariniidae, 

(1879) :pl. 115. 

flammulata — Megabyasflammulata i. and E.VtrvQaux, \S55 . 38 

Rev. Zool., 7 : 348. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1854. 
5.23.3. Mouda, Gaboon, West Africa. Purchased of Verreaux. 

flammulatus — Anabatesflamnmlatus Eyton, \S49 ... 3 

//; Jardine, Contributions to Ornithology, 1849 : 131. Adult. Reg. 
no. 1881.2.18.204. Bogota, Colombia. Eyton Collection. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

flammulatus — Synalaxis flammulatus lardine, \850 ... 3 

Contributions to Ornithology, 1850 : 82, pi. 56. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1886.6.24.452. 14,000', Andes of Quito, Ecuador. Col- 
lected by W. Jardine. Jardine Collection. 

flava — Nectarinia flava Bloxham, 1826 . .55 

in Byron, Voyage of H.M.S. Blonde, Appendix : 249. Syntype, 
Reg. no. Old Vellum Cat. 26, no. 56b. Sandwich Islands. Col- 
lected by A. Bloxham. Presented by Lord Byron, R.N. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 (1885) : 10. 
Another syntype, a relaxed mount with broken bill, is also in the 
Collection. 



178 flavala 

flavala — Hemixos flavala Hodgson, IS45 21 

in Blyth, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 14 : 572. Syntype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1845.1.9.396. Nepal. Collected and pre- 
sented by B. H. Hodgson. 
The four other syntypes are also in the collection. 

flaveolus — Regulusflaveolus G.R. Gray, \?,4S . .35 

Genera of Birds, 1 : 175. Gray used a Blyth MS. name which is a 
nomen nudum. The specimen listed as the type by Seebohm Cat. 
Bds. Brit. Mus., 5 (1881) : 66, has no type status. 

flavescens — AethopygaignicaudaflavescensE. C. S. Baker, 1921 46 

Bull. Brit. Orn.' CL, 41 : 71. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1905.9.10.959. Mount Victoria, South Chin Hills, Burma, 19 
March, 1904. Collected and presented by Col. G. Rippon. 

flavescens — Hypocnemis flavescens V.\..Sc\?i.iQX,\^65 ... 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1864 (publ. 1865) : 609. Holotype, Adult 
(female, vide Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1880) : 286). Reg. 
no. 1889.9.20.505. Marabitanas, Rio Negro, Brazil, May 1831. 
Collected by J. Natterer. Sclater Collection; obtained by Sclater 
in exchange with the Vienna Museum. 
Sclater used Natterer's MS' name. 

flavescens — Sylvia flavescens G. R. Gray, 1860 . . .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 349. Syntype, Adult (female, on 
label). Reg. no. 1873.5.12.221. Batchian, South-west Pacific, 
1858. Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

This specimen is labelled as the type, but there is another syntype 
in the collection. 

flavicans—Afy/ofe/w^y/av/caw^ P. L. Sclater, 1861 .... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 (Publ. 1861) : 464. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1888.1.13.846. Pallatanga, Ecuador (Aug. 1858, 
on label). Collected by L. Fraser. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 202. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

flavicapillum — Heteropelmaflavicapillum F.L.Sclaier,lS60 8 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860:466. Syntype, Aduh. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.1378. South-east Brazil, 1853. Sclater Collection. 
Sclater obtained it through Argent. 

Listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 322. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

flaviceps — Rhodocanthis flaviceps Rothschild, 1892 . .55 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 10 : 111. Syntype, adult (male, on label). 
Reg. no. 1939.12.9.133. (collector's no. 1443). Hawaii Island, 
Sandwich Group, (19 Oct. 1891, on label). Collected by H. C. 
Palmer. Rothschild Bequest. 
No holotype was designated. The specimen listed as the type by 



flavidicoUis 179 

Hartert, Novit. ZooL, 26 (1919) : 169, was one of a series of syntypes 
which also included the above specimen and a female which is also 
in the collection. 

flavicincta — Poecilodryasflavicincta Sharpe, 1 879 . . .37 

Ami. Mag. nat. Hist., (5) 3:313. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1879.3.6.61. (Port Moresby, on label). South-east New Guinea. 
Collected by K. Broadbent. Purchased of Gerrard. 

flavicoUis — M/>a//-o^av/co///5 McClelland, 1840 .49 

in Horsfield, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1839, (publ. 1840) : 163. 
Syntype, Male (immature, vide Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 
(1888): 512). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4639. Assam. Collected by J. 
McClelland. Presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

flsk\icoms—Pipraflavicollis P. L. Sclater, 1851 . .8 

Contributions to Ornithology : 143. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.13.1247. Upper Amazon, Barra do Rio Negro, BrazU, 
1851. Collected by A. R. Wallace. Sclater Collection. Listed as 
the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 294. 

flavicollis—7w/2/77a?/aiv/co///5 Hodgson, 1836 . . 32B 

Asiat. Res., 19 : 166. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. 
no. 1843.1.13.369. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. 
Hodgson. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

flavicrissalis — Eremomelaflavicrissalis Sharpe, 1 895 .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1895 : 481 (not 48, as quoted by many 
authors). Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1895.7.7.9. ShebeH, 

Somaliland, 6 Sept. 1894. Collected and presented by A. 
Donaldson Smith. 

flavicrissus — CassiculusflavicrissusV.h.ScXdiXtv, 1^60 .57 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860:276. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.7.12.42. Babahoyo, Ecuador, 1859. Collected by L. 
Eraser. Sclater Collection. 
A female syntype is in the collection. 

flavida— Geor/?/>'/?/5^av7WaRidgway, 1902 . . . .54 

Birds oj North and Middle America, pt. 2 : 678. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1906. 12.7.3406. Nassau, New Providence Island, 
Bahamas. 30 May 1889. Collected by C. V. Maynard. G. S. 
Miller yr. Collection. 

flavidicoUis— 5'o/?a/o/-y?av/V//cc»///5 P. L. Sclater, 1860 .50 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860:274. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.6.12.1058. Babahoyo, Ecuador, July-Sept. 1859. Collected 
by L. Eraser. Sclater Collection. 
The two other syntypes are in the collection. 



180 flavidifrons 

flavidifrons — rvra/?/n//;/5 /7ov/(////-o/;^ P. L. Sclater, 1860 . . 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1860 : 69. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.607. Pallatanga, Ecuador (Aug. 1858, on label). Col- 
lected by L. Fraser. Sclater Collection. 
There are several syntypes in the collection. 

flavidiventris — Estrelda flavidiventris Wallace, 1 864 . .60 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863 (publ. 1864) : 495. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1873.5.12.1340. East Timor, 1861. Collected 
by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

flavifrons — Muscicapa flavifrons Gmelin, 1789 . . .47 

Systema Naturae, 1, pt. 2:944. Holotype, Unsigned finished 
painting. Tanna, New Hebrides, 7 Aug. 1774. No. 158 in Forster, 
Unpublished water-colour . . . drawings made during Cook's 
second voyage. Library of the Zoology Department, British 
Museum (Natural History). Vide Lysaght, Bull. Brit. Mus. {Nat. 
Hist.), Hist. Ser., 1 (1959) : 308. 

flavigaster — Anthreptes flavigaster Eyton, IS39 . . . .46 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1839 : 105. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1881.2.18.138. Malacca (India, on label). Collected by 
Evans. Eyton Collection. 

flavigularis — Abrornisflavigularis Godwin-Awsten, ISIS . 35 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 47; pt. 2 : 19. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1895.7.14.915. Sadiya, North-east India, Jan. 1877. Collected by 
M. T. Ogle. Godwin-Austen Collection. 

See also Ripley, Synopsis of the Birds of India and Pakistan (1961) 
: 486. 

flavigularis — Apalis flavigularis Shelley, 1 893 .35 

Ibis, (6) 5 : 16, Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1892.9.10.89. Milanji 
Plateau, South Nyasaland, 26 Oct. 1891. Collected by A. Whyte. 
Presented by H. H. Johnstone. 

This specimen was presented as the type but there are two other 
syntypes in the collection. 

flavigularis — Platyrhvnchus flavigularis P. L.Sc\ateT,\S62 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 (publ. 1862) : 382. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1888.1.13.218. Bogota, Colombia. Collected for Ver- 
reaux. Sclater Collection. 

flavimentalis — Abrornis schisticeps flavimentalis E. C. S. Baker, 1924 35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 44 : 63. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1905. 
9.10.816. Mount Victoria, South Chin Hills, Burma, 18 April 
1904. Collected and presented by G. Rippon. 

flavipectus — Aethopygaflavipectus Ogiliyie-Grant,\S94 . . .46 
Bull. Brit. Orn.' CI., 3:49. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 



flavissima 1 8 1 

1 897.5. 13.111. La Trinadad, Benguet District, North-west Luzon, 
Philippines, 25 March 1894. Collected by J. Whitehead. Pre- 
sented by the subscribers to the Whitehead Expedition. 

flavipectus — CyclorhisflavipectusP.L.Sc\ateT,lS5B, . .56 

Froc. zool.' Soc. Lond., 1858:448. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1886.9.15.349. Trinidad. Collected by Argent. Sclater Col- 
lection. 

Listed as the type by Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 8 (1883) : 320. 

flavirostris — Anaeretesflavirostris P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1876 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1876 : 355. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.1.493. Tilotilo, Yungas Province, Bolivia. Collected by C. 
Buckley. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

flavirostris — C/j/orc»p/?o«/a^av/>o5/m P. L. Sclater, 1861 . . 51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 : 129. Holotype, Adult, ?female. 
Reg. no. 1885.6.12.23. Ecuador. Collected for J. Gould. Sclater 
Collection. 

flavirostris — Drymoeca flavirostris S'^in]\ot,\'i()l> . . .35 

Ibis, (1) 5:300. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1898.10.3.232. 
Taiwanfoo, South-west Formosa, 1861. Collected by R. Swinhoe. 
Seebohm Collection. 

flavirostris — Grallaria flavirostris P. L. Sclater, 1858 ... 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858:68. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.9.20.647. Rio Napo, Ecuador. Probably collected by 
Villavicencio. Sclater Collection. 

flavirostris— M>'za«r/2a7?av/ro5rm Vigors and Horsfield, 1827 . 48 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15:319. Holotype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1863.7.7.68. Syndey, Australia. Collected by 
G. Caley. Presented by the Linnean Society of London as the type. 

flavirostris — Paradoxornis flavirostris Gou\(i,\%?i6 .33 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1836 : 17. Holotype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1855.12.19.69. Nepal. Collected by B. H. 
Hodgson {vide Gould, Birds of Asia 3 (1854) : pt. 6, pi. 8). pre- 
sented by the Zoological Society on the dispersal of its Museum. 

flavirostris — 7Mri/M.y^av/>o5/m Horsfield, 1821 .31 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 149. Holotype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.2140. Java. Presented by the Hon- 
ourable East India Company Museum. 

flavissima — Telespyzaflavissima Rothschild, IS92 .55 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6) 10 : 1 10. Syntype, (male, on label). Reg. 
no. 1939.12.9.337. (Collector's no. 1121). Laysan Island, Sand- 
wich Group, (19 June 1891, on label). Collected by H. C. Palmer. 
Rothschild Bequest. (cont.) 



182 flaviventer 

No holotype was designated. The specimen listed as the type 
by Hartert, Novit. Zool., 26 (1919) : 169, was one of a series of 
syntypes which also included the above specimen. 

flaviventer — Machaerorbynchus flaviventer Gou\A,\'i5\ . .38 

Birds of Australia, Supplement (March 1851) : pi. 11. Holotype, 
Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1857.10.16.6. Cape York, 
Queensland. Collected by Captain O. Stanley R.N. Purchased 
of J. Gould. 

Gould stated that the single type was in the Museum of the 
Zoological Society, but appears not to have returned it after pre- 
paring the illustration, and to have sold it to the Museum. The 
label is inscribed "Type". 

flaviventer — TesiaflaviventerWodg^on,\%l)l . . .35 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 6 : 101, 102. Although Sharpe, Cat. Bds. 
Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) : 604, lists two specimens as types, there is no 
evidence that they are early Hodgson specimens, nor that there are 
any in the collection which would have been available as typical 
material. 

flaviventre — Caniptostoma flaviventre P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1865 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1864 (Publ. 1865) : 358. Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1888.1.1.586. Panama. Collected by J. McLeannan. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

flaviventris — Baeocercaflaviventris Sharpe, 1 877 . . . .35 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., \%11 : 23, pi. 2. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1876.5.23.217. Fantee, Gold Coast. Collected by H. T. Ussher. 
Sharpe Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 (1883) : 157. 
The other syntype is also in the collection. 

flaviventris — Gerygone flaviventris i.^.Gvdiy,\9iAA .36 

The Zoology of the voyage of H. M.S. Erebus and Terror, 1 , Birds, : 5, 
pi. 4. Syntype, (Immature, vide Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
4 (1879) : 219) (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1842.12.16.39. Bay of 
Islands, North Island, New Zealand. Collected by P. Earl on the 
Antarctic Expedition of H.M.S. Erebus. Presented by the Ad- 
miralty. 
There is at least one other syntype in the collection. 

flaviventris — Horornis flaviventris Hodgson, 1845 . .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1845 : 31. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1845.1.9.828. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson. 

Listed as type with two other syntypical specimens by Seebohm, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 5 (1881) : 132. 

flaviventris — Muscipeta flaviventris J. and E. \erreaux, 1^55 . 38 

J. Orn., 1855 : 103. ?Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1854.5.23.26. 



flavolateralis 1 83 

Gaboon, West Africa. Collected by and purchased of J. and E. 
Verreaux. 

No single type was defined and it is not known if other specimens 
were used. 

flaviventris — Specotheresflaviventris Gould, 1849 . .6 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1849:1849:111. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1850.7.20.149. Cape York, North East Australia, 7 Oct. 
1848. Collected by J. Macgillivray. Presented by Captain O. 
Stanley from the voyage of H.M.S. Rattlesnake. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection 

flavivertex — Elainea flavivertex P. L. Sclater, 1887 ... 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1887:49. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.628. Upper Ucayali River, East Peru. Collected by E. 
Bartlett. Sclater Collection. 

flavivertex — Heterocercus flavivertex Pelzeln, 1869 ... 8 

Ornithologie Brasiliens : 125, 186. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.13.1393. Maribatanas, Rio Negro, Brazil, 25 March 
1831. Collected by J. Natterer. Sclater Collection, received by 
him in exchange from Vienna. 
A female syntype is also in the collection. 

flavivertex — Setophaga flavivertex Salvin, 1887 . . .54 

Ibis, (5) 5 : 129, pi. 4. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1885.3.8. 
884. Sierra Nevada of Santa Marta, Colombia, Nov. 1886. 
Collected for H. Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The second syntype is in the collection. 

flavivertix — Crithagraflavivertix^\sin{ord,\^69 .59 

Ann. Mag. not. Hist., (4) 4 : 330. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1869.10.16.194. (Adigrat, 8,000', on label). Tigre, Abyssinia, 
(21 April 1868, on label). Collected by W. T. Blanford. Presented 
by the Governor and Council of Bombay, through the author. 
A female syntype from the same source is also in the collection. 

flavoaurita — Ptilotisflavoaurita Layard, 1876 . .48 

Ibis, (3) 6 : 148. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1898.9.30.52. 
Fortuna Island, Fijis, (April 1875, collected by Col. Liardet, on 
label). Seebohm Bequest. 

flavogularis — Synallaxisflavogularis Gould, 1839 .... 3 
Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, 3 : Birds 78, pi. 24. 
Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1855.12.19.406. Santa Cruz, Patagonia. 
Collected by Charles Darwin and purchased of the Zoological 
Society of London. 

flavolateralis — Acanthiza flavolateralis G. R. Gray, \S59 36 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 161. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1859.4.19.8. Island of Nu, Port de France, New Caledonia (20 
April 1858, on label). Collected by J. Macgillivray. Purchased of 
Cuming. 



1 84 flavolivacea 

flavolivacea — Neornis flavolivacea Hodgson, 1845 . .35 

/■// Blyth, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 14 : 590. Syntype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1845.1.9.808. Nepal. Presented by B. H. 
Hodgson. 

Originally regarded as the type. Calcutta Museum also claimed 
the types, vide P. L. Sclater, Ibis, (6) 4 (1892) : 79. 

flavostriata — Nectarinia flavostriata Wallace, 1865 . .46 

Proc. zooi Soc. Lonci., 1865 : 478. pi. 29. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1873.5.12.859. Menado, North Celebes, 1859. Collected 
by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

This specimen was listed as the type by Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. 
Mas., 9 (1884) : 24. There are several other syntypes in the 
collection. 

flavostriata — Ptilotisflavostriata Gould, \S15 .48 

Proc. zool. Soc. LoiuL, 1875 : 315. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1881.5.1.5580. Rockingham Bay, Queensland. Gould Collection. 

flavostriatus — Amlropadusflavostriatus Sharpe, 1876 . .21 

Ibis, (3) 6 : 53. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1875.10.7.51. 

Macamac, Lydenburg, Transvaal, 1 July 1874. Collected and 

presented by F. A. Barratt. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 6 (1881) : 100. 

flavotincta — Glyciphilaflavotincta G. K. Gray, IS70 . .48 

Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (4) 5 : 331. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1870.3.31.5. Erromango Island, New Hebrides, Aug. 1865. Col- 
lected and presented by J. Brenchley. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

flavotincta — Grallaria flavotincta P. L. Sclater, 1877 ... 4 
Ibis, (4) 1 : 445, pi. 9. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1889.9.20.622. 
Near Frontino, Antioquia, Colombia, 1876. Collected by T. K. 
Salmon. Sclater Collection. 

flavotincta — Lalage flavotincta Sharpe, 1899 .38 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 10 : 28. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1900.1.10.9. Mallicolo Island, New Hebrides, 1899. Collected 
and presented by A. M. Farquhar from the voyage of H.M.S. 
Wallaroo. 

The author subsequently listed this specimen first {Ibis, (7) 6 (1900) 
: 342), and also labelled it as the type. The other three syntypes are 
also in the collection and are from Espiritu Santo Island. 

flavotincta— /*//7ra;7«vor/>7crfl P. L. Sclater, 1853 ... 8 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1852 (publ. 1853) : 34, pi. 48. Syntype, 
Adult (male; on label). Reg. no. 1888.1.13.1349. Santa Fe de 
Bogata, Colombia. (Collected by Parzudaki, on label.) Sclater 
Collection. 
Listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 14 (1888) : 315. 



floris 185 

flavovirescens — Microecaflavovirescens G. R. Gray, 1858 . 37 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1858 : 178. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1858.3.10.64. Aru Islands. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 (1879) : 125. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

flavoviridis — Orthotomus flavoviridis Moore, 1854 . .35 

in Horsfield and Moore, Catalogue of birds in the Museum of the 
Honourable East India Company, 1 : 314. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1880.1.1.2001. Malacca. Presented by the Honourable 
East India Company Museum as the type. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

flavum — Dicaeuni flavum Horsfield, 1821 . . . . .47 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 170. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1860.4.16.171. Java. Collected by T. Horsfield. Presented by 
the Honourable East India Company Museum. 
There is another syntype, in very bad condition, in the collection. 

flavum — Malacopteron magnirostris flavum Chasen and Kloss, 1928 32B 
J. Malay roy. Asiat. Soc, 6 : 58. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1947.60.52. Pulau Siantan, Anamba Group, South China 
Sea, 21 Sept. 1925. Collected by F. N. Chasen and presented by 
the Raflles Museum, Singapore. 

flemingi — Arundina.xflemingi Sw\nhoe,\S70 . . . .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1870 : 440. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1898.9.1.1461. Tientsin, China, 1861 (1862, on label). Collected 
by Fleming. Seebohm Collection. 

floccosus — Pycnoptilusfloccosus Gould, 1850 . .36 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1850 : 95. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1868.1.27.16. Upper part of the Morumbidgee River, New South 
Wales. Purchased of J. Gould who bought it from Mr Warwick 
{vide Gould, Handbook of the Birds of Australia, 1 (1865) : 348). 

florenciae — Piezorhynchusflorenciae Sharpe, 1890 . .38 

Ibis, (6) 2:206. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1889.5.28.2. 
Rubiana Lagoon, Solomon Archipelago, 19 Aug. 1888. Collected 
by and purchased of C. M. Woodford. 

This specimen is clearly the male syntype but was erroneously 
labelled as a female. The two other syntypes are also in the 
collection. 

florida— Cfl///.vre/'or/V/a P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1869 . . 51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1869 : 416, pi. 28. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1885.6.4.374. Costa Rica, 1869. Collected by J. 
Carmiol. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

floris — Artamides floris Sharpe, 1878 . . . . .20 

Mitt. K. Zool. Mus., Dresden, 1 : 363. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 



1 86 floweri 

no. 1873.5.12.1806. Flores, 1862. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 

There is another syntype in the collection. In Peters, Checklist 
of Birds of tlie World, 9 (1960) : 171, the reference is given as 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mas., 4 (1879) : 9, 14. 

floweri — Sturnopastor floweri Sharpe, IS91 . . . . .62 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 7:17. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1897.9.1.22. 

Pachim, Siam, 11 March 1897. Collected by S. S. Flower. 

Received in exchange with the Royal Museum, Bangkok, Thailand. 

The other syntype is in the collection. 

fluviatilis — Muscisaxicola fluviatilis P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1866 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1866 : 87. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.206. Lower UcayaU River, East Peru. Collected by E. 
Bartlett. Sclater Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

fohkiensis — Pericrocotus speciosus fohkiensis E. C. S. Baker, 1920 20 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 40 : U6. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1905.12.24.211. Yamahan, Fohkien, China. Collected and pre- 
sented by C. B. Rickett. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

forbesi — Agelaeusforbesi P. L. Sclater, \S86 . . .57 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 1 : 345. Holotype, immature female 
(= adult, vide Hellmayr and Conover, Catalogue of birds of the 
Americas 10 (1937) : 181). Reg. no. 1885.7.12.144. Macuca, 
Pernambuco, Brazil, 1881. Collected by W. A. Forbes. Sclater 
Collection. 

forbesi — Atlapetes rufigenis forbesi Morrison, 1947 . . .49 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 67 : 88. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1946.49.2. Pomayaco, 9,100', Apurimac Dept., Peru, 1 Oct. 
1939. Collected by and purchased of A. Morrison. 

forbesi — Erythrura forbesi Sharpe, 1 890 . . . .60 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 : 387. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1883.5.30.36. Loetoer, Timor Laut, Tenimber Islands, 19 Sept. 
1882. Collected by H. O. Forbes. Presented by the Timor Laut 
Committee of the British Association. 

forbesi — Lagonostictarara forbesi '^e\xmam\,\90^ . . .60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 21 : 58. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1884.1.10.254. Lokoja, Niger River, Northern Nigeria, 9 Sept. 
1882. Collected by W. A. Forbes. Forbes Collection. 

forbesi— Mw/j/a/or^e^/ P. L. Sclater, 1879 60 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1879 : 449, pi. 37. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1881.3.29.37. Topaia, New Ireland, Sept. 1878. Collected 
by the Rev. G. Brown. Purchased of E. Garrard. 



formosanus 187 

formosa — Fringillaformosa Gould, 1 839 .49 

Zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle 3, Birds : 93. Syntype, 
Adult male (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1855.12.19.24. (Good 
Success Bay, on label), Tierra del Fuego. (The date, 4 Jan. 1837, 
on the label, probably refers to the date on which Gould received it). 
Collected by C. Darwin. Purchased of the Zoological Society of 
London. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 782. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

formosa — Prinia inornata formosa Hdixmgton, 1917) . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 31 : 111. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1898.10.3.234. Laulong, Formosa, 6 Dec. 1893. Collected by 
P. A. Hoist. Seebohm Bequest. 

formosae — Lanius schach war. formosaeSw'mhoe,lS63 .23 

Ibis, (1)5: 270. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1898.9.20.592. 
Camphor Hills, Formosa, March 1862. Collected by R. Swinhoe. 
Seebohm Bequest. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

formosae — Dendrocitta sinensis var. formosae Swinhoe, 1 863 . . 71 

Ibis, (1) 5 : 387. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1897.6.1.229. Inner 
ranges of the Formosan Mountains, April 1862. Collected by R. 
Swinhoe. Seebohm Bequest. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

formosana — Munia formosana Swinhoe, 1865 . .60 

Ibis, (2) 1 : 356. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1889.3.15.31. 
Takow, Formosa, March 1865. Collected for R. Swinhoe. 
Seebohm Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

formosana — Pnoepyga formosana Ingram, \909 .... 32B 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 23 : 97. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1910. 
6.4.4. Mount Arizan, central Formosa, 25 Feb. 1909. Collected 
for and presented by CoUingwood Ingram. 

formosanus — Carpodacus formosanus Ogilvie-Grant, 191 \ . 59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 27 : 51. New name for Carpodacus incertus 
Ogilvie-Grant, 1906 (q.v.), on the grounds of its preoccupation by 
Fringilla incerta Risso, 1826. 

formosanus — Proparus formosanus Og\\\\t-Gvax\\., 1906 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 16 : 120. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1907.12.12.62. Mount Morrison, 9,000', central Formosa, Jan. 
1906. Collected by and purchased of W. Goodfellow. 



188 formosum 

formosum — Dicaeum formosum Ogilvie-Grant, 1912 . .45 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 29 : 109. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1913.1.29.55. Mt. Arizan, 7,000', Formosa, March 1912. Col- 
lected by W. Goodfellow. Purchased of E. J. Johnston. 
The bill is damaged. 

forreri — C/;n'5o/?;/7n5/on-mSalvin and Godman, 1886 . .59 

Biol. Centr.-Amer., Aves, 1 : 429. Syntype, Adult (female, vide 
Van Rossem, Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 58 (1938) : 136). Reg. no. 1885. 
12.14.1185. Durango, South-west Mexico, 19 June 1882. Col- 
lected by A. Forrer. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

forreri — Vireo forreri Madarasz, 1885 . .56 

Termeszet Fiizet, 1885 : 9, 85, pi. 6. Neotype? Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.3.10.29. Tres Marias Islands, 4 May 1881. Collected by 
Forrer. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

The holotype appears to have been destroyed and P. R. Grant, 
Acta. zool. Budapest 12 (1966) : 79, proposes what is, in effect, a 
neotype and appears to fulfil the requirements for this as laid down 
in the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, except that 
he does not use the actual word "neotype" in the designation 
and does not fully establish the loss of the original holotype. 

forresti — lantlwcincla forresti Rothschild, 1921 . . 32B 

Novit. Zool., 28 : 35. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1921.7.15. 
237. Shweli-Salwin Divide, 7,000', May 1919. Collected by G. 
Forrest and presented by Stephenson Clarke. 

forresti — Phylloscopus proregulus forresti Rothschild, 1921 . . 35 
jVov;7. Zool., 28 : 45. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1921. 
7.15.410. Lichiang Range, 9.000', North West Yunnan, May 1918. 
Lat. 7°10' N. Collected by G. Forrest. Presented by Col. R. 
Stephenson Clarke. 

forresti — Ptilotis forresti Ingram, 1906 .48 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 16:116. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1881. 
5.1.5575. Australia. Collected for J. Gould. Gould Collection. 
This is the Gould syntype referred to by the author. Hartert, 
Novit. Zool. 26 (1919) : 177, refers to a specimen in the Tring 
Museum, now in the American Museum of Natural History, as the 
"type". 

forsythi — Pyrhocora.xforsythi Sto\iczka,lS14 . . . .71 

Stray Feathers 2 : 462. ' Holotype, ?Juvenile. Reg.no. 1891.7.22. 
24. "On road from Lamaguru to the Indus" (Leh, Yarkand, 
Kashmir, 4 Sept. 1873, on label). Collected by F. Stoliczka. 
Received in exchange with the Indian Museum. 

There had been some confusion in the registration numbers and 
labels, but this specimen agrees with the original description. 

fortipes — Horornisfortipes Hodgson, 1845 . . .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1845:31. There is no evidence that 
Hodgson's specimens in the collection can be considered as types or 



fosteri 189 

syntypes, although listed as such by Seebohm, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
5 (1881) : 137, since they were collected after the date of the 
description. 

fortirostris — £)n7??o;<:a/o/-//>OJ'fmJardine and Fraser, 1852 35 

in Jardine, Contributions to Ornithology : 60. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1886.6.24.204. Abomey, Dahomey, 1852. Col- 
lected by L. Fraser. Jardine Collection. 

fortis — Geospiza fortis Gould, 1837 . . . . .53 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1837 : 5. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1855.12.19.82. Galapagos Archipelago, (Charles Island, on 
label). Collected by C. Darwin. Purchased of the Zoological 
Society of London. 
Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 11. 

fortis — Pachvcephala fortis Gadow, 1883 . . . .39 

Cat. Bds.' Brit. Mus. 8 : 369. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1883. 
4.4.16. Astrolabe Mountains, New Guinea (error for D'Entre- 
casteaux Archipelago, vide Mayr, New Guinea Birds (1941) : 155). 
Collected by A. Goldie. Purchased of F. D. Godman. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

fortis — Percnostola fortis P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1867 . 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1867 : 980, pi. 45. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1889.9.20.461. Pebas, east Peru, 13 July 1866. Collected 
by J. Hauxwell. Sclater Collection. 
The two other syntypes are in the collection. 

fortunae — Aplonisfortunae E. L.Layard, \S76 . . .62 

Ibis, (3) 6:147. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1898.11.10.161. 

Fortuna Island, Central Polynesia, April 1875. (Sent by Col. 

Liardet to E. L. Layard, on specimen label). Seebohm Bequest. 

The second syntype has not been traced. 

fortunae — Myiolestes fortunae Layard, 1876 . . . .38 

Ibis, (3) 6 : 145. Holotype Adult. Reg. no. 1897.6.1.626. 
Fortuna Island, 350 miles north-east of Fiji Islands, April 1875. 
(Collected by Col. Liardet, on label). Seebohm Bequest. 
Tail damaged. 

forwoodi — A/o/flc/V/a/orH-ooi// Ogilvie-Grant and Forbes, 1899 19 

Bull. Liverpool Mus., 2 : 3. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1899.8.11.127. Abd-el-Kuri Island, Socotra, 23 Feb. 1899. Col- 
lected by W. R. Ogilvie-Grant and H. O. Forbes and presented by 
the Royal Society. 

fosteri — Nemosia fosteri Sharpe, \905 . . .51 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 15 : 96. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1 905. 1 0. 1 2.839. Sapucay, Paraguay, 3 1 March 1 904. Collected by 
and purchased of W. Foster. 



190 foxi 

foxi — Calamornis foxi W. L. Sclater, 1927 . . . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orti. CI., 47 : 118. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1923.8.7.3282. Lake Maraye, Kigezi District, South-west Uganda, 
8 Jan. 1911. Collected by T. V. Fox. Presented by Stephenson 
Clarke. 

fraithii — Himationefraithii Rothschild, 1892 . . . .55 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (6) 10 : 109. Syntype, (male, on label). 
Reg. no. 1896.1.8.4. Laysan Island, Sandwich Group, (20 June 
1891, on label). Collected by H. C. Palmer. Received in exchange 
from the Hon. W. Rothschild. 

No holotype was designated. The specimen listed as the type by 
Hartert, Novit. Zool. 26 (1919) : 171, was one of a series of syntypes 
which included the above specimen. 

francisi — A/o/«c77/a/ra«m/ Swinhoe, 1870 . .19 

Proc. zool. Soc. LoncL, 1870 : 123, fig. 3. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1887.2.1.1356. Chungking, Szechuen, China, 19 May 
1869. Collected by R. Swinhoe. Hume Collection. 

fraseri — ^/;//;/-e;?/e.s/ra5m Jardine and Selby, 1843 . .46 

Illustrations of Ornithology {New Series), pi. 52 and text. Holotype, 
Adult male (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1847.1.18.38. Fernando 
Po, June 1842. Collected by and purchased of L. Fraser. 
The bill is incomplete. 

fraseri — ^a^/Zew^erw^/ra^en P. L. Sclater, 1884 . . .54 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1883 (publ. 1884) : 653, pi. 61. Syntype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1884.5.15.445. Pallatanga, Western Ecua- 
dor, Sept. 1858. Collected by L. Fraser. Sclater Collection. 
Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 (1885) : 394. 

fraseri — Conirostrum fraseri P. L. Sclater, 1 858 . . .54 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 452. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1884.7.31.63. Cuenca, Ecuador, Nov. 1857. Collected by L. 
Fraser. Sclater Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

fraseri — Muscicapa fraseri ^X.nc\da.ndi, X'iAA . . . .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1844 : 101. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1 847. 1 . 1 8.34. Fernando Po. Collected by and purchased of L. 
Fraser, from the Allen and Thompson Niger Expedition. 
Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 (1879) : 467. 

fraseri — Oreomanes fraseri P. L. Sclater, IS60 . . . .51 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 75, pi. 159. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1884.7.31.55. Panze, 14,000', Monte Chimborazo, 
Ecuador, Jan. 1859. Collected by L. Fraser. Sclater Collection. 

frater — Amydrus frater P. L. Sclater and Hartlaub, 1881 . .62 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1881 : 171. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 



fremantlii 191 

no. 1881.3.21.41. Socotra, 28 Feb. 1880. Collected by Prof. I. 
Bayley Balfour. Presented by the Socotra Committee of the 
British Association. 

frater — Herpsilochmus frater P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1880 . . 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1880 : 159. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.9.20.336. Sarayacu, Ecuador. Collected by C. Buckley. 
Sclater Collection. 
The female syntype is in the collection. 

frater — Oxyrhamphus frater V. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1868 . 10 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1868 : 326. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.1.4. Calovevora, Veragua, 1867. Collected by E. 
Arce. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The other syntype is also in the collection. 

frater — Troglodytes frater Sharpe, 1881 . . . .28 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 6 : 261. Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1846.9.9.55. Bolivia. Collected by and purchased of T. 
Bridges. 

fratercula — Alcippefratercula Rippon, \900 . . . . 32B 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 11 : 11. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1900. 

12.20.289. South Shan States, over 4,000', April 1899. Collected 
and presented by G. Rippon. 

fraterculus — Amfnomanes fraterculus Tristram, IS64 . . .17 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1864:434. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 

no. 1864.11.22.174. Engedi, Palestine. Collected by H. B. 
Tristram. Tristram Collection. 

fraterculus — Pericrocotus fraterculus Swinhoe, 1870 . . .20 

Ibis, (2) 6:244. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897.7.2.69. 
Hainan, China, Feb. 1868. Collected by R. Swinhoe. Seebohm 
Bequest. 
There is also a female syntype in the collection. 

fratrum — Pachyprora fratruin Shelley, 1900 . . .38 

Ibis, (7) 6:522. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1900.10.4.2. 
St. Lucia Lake, Zululand. Collected by R. B. and J. D. S. 
Woodward. Presented by P. L. Sclater. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

fredericki — Planesticus fredericki Chvihh, \9\9, . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. C/., 38 : 53. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1922. 
3.5.3576. Bartica Grove, British Guiana, 1911. Collected by F. V. 
McConnell. McConnell Collection. 

Utm?ini\\\— Calendula fremantlii Lori ?\n\\\ps, \%91 .17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 6 : 46. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1898. 
7.27.37. Gedais, Goolis Mts., Somahland, 18 Feb. 1897. Col- 
lected by and purchased of E. Lort Phillips. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 



192 frenatus 

frenatus — Cvomis frenatus Hume, 1 880 . . . .37 

Stray Feathers, 9 : 114. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1886. 
4.1.4053. Jurrum, Selangore, Malaya, 2° 30' N., 11 Aug. 1879. 
Collected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

fretensis — Hirioido fretensis Gould, 1865 . . .18 

Handbook of the Birds of Australia, 1 : 1 10. Holotype, "somewhat 
immature". Reg. no. 1881.5.1.5925. North coast of Australia, 
18 Oct. 1860. Collected by F. M. Rayner, surgeon on H.M.S. 
Herald. Gould Collection. 

fretensis — Munia punctulata fretensis Kloss, 1931 . .60 

Treubia, 13:363. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1936.4.12. 
2719. Kuala Lumpur, Selangor, Malaya (5 Nov. 1908, on label). 
Collected by C. B. Kloss. Presented by the Raffles Museum, 
Singapore. 

fretensis— Tephrodornis pelvica fretensis Robinson & Kloss, 1920 20 
J. Straits Branch rov. Asiat. Soc., 81 : 109. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1936.4.12.139. Gunong Angsi, 2,600', Negri 
Sembilan, Federated Malay States, Nov. 1904. Presented by the 
Raffles Museum, Singapore. 

friesi — Pomatorhinus tickelli friesi Delacour, 1 927 . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 47 : 160. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1927.6.5.14. Thua-Luu, central Annam, 13 Feb. 1927. Col- 
lected by J. Delacour, P. Jabouille and W. P. Lowe on the Third 
Franco-British Expedition to Indochina. 

frivolus — rMr^w^/r/vo/j/^ Latham, 1801 32B 

Index Ornithoiogicus, Suppl.: xliii. Sharpe, Hist. Coll. Brit. Mus. 
2 (1906) : 137, lists a drawing, no. 153 in Watling, Original water- 
colour drawings . . . , in the Library of the Zoology Department, 
British Museum (Natural History), as the type; but this is not 
considered to be the type of the description. 

fringillaris — Empidochanes fringillaris Vdzeln, IS69 ... 9 
Ornithologie Brasiliens : \\6. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.905. Rio Janeiro, Brazil, 27 July 1818. Collected by 
J. Natterer. Sclater Collection, received by him in exchange from 
Vienna. 

A female syntype is also in the collection. Others are in the 
Vienna Museum {vide Hellmayr and Conover, Catalogue of birds 
of the Americas, 5 (1927) : 222). 

frontalis— /ica77//7/zfl//-o/7ro//j' Vigors and Horsfield, 1827 36 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15:226. Holotype, Adult, (relaxed 

mount). Reg. no. 1863.7.7.27. Australia. Presented as the 
type by the Linnean Society of London. 



fucatus 193 

frontalis — Z)<'/7^/-of/7ra//-o/?/o//5 McClelland, 1839. . .71 

in Horsfield, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1839 : 163. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 80.1.1.4527. Assam. Collected by J. McClelland. 
Presented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 

frontalis — Euphonia frontalis V.'L. ScXsiitr, \%5\ .51 

in Jardine, Contributions to Ornithology : 89. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1885.6.12.17. Ecuador (= Venezuela, v/Wf Sclater, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus. 11 (1886) : 55). Collected for Verreaux. 
Sclater Collection, received by him from E. Wilson. 
Sclater used a Bonaparte MS name. 

frontalis — Oriolus frontalis Wallace, 1 862 . . .63 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1862 : 340. pi. 40. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1873.5.12.1062. Sula Island, Moluccas, 1861. Collected 
by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 3 (1877) : 205. 
There are six other syntypes in the collection. 

frontalis — Ortliotomus frontalis Sharpe, 1877 . .35 

Ibis, (4) 1 : 112. Syntype, Immature female (male, on label). 
Reg. no. 1876.8.28.24. Basilan Island, Philippines. Collected and 
presented by J. B. Steere. 

Registered as "one of the types". There were three syntypes, 
vide Sharpe, Trans. Linn. Soc, Lond., New Series, Zool., 1 (1877) : 
336. 

frontalis — Sitta frontalis Swainson, 1820 . . . .43 

Zoological Illustrations Ser. 1, : pi. 2. Following the description by 
Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 (1821) : 162, of a Javan speci- 
men, Swainson used Horsfield's name and described a bird from 
Ceylon ; but his description was published first. The specimen from 
Java listed as the type by Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus. 8 (1883) : 359 
has no type status. 

frontata — Motacilla frontata Swinhoe, 1870 . .19 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1870 : 129. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1898.10.20.436. Amoy, China, 30 Nov. 1866. Collected by R. 
Swinhoe. Seebohm Collection. 

fruticola — Saxicola fruticola Horsfield, 1821 .31 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 157. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 

no. 1880.1.1.773. Java. Presented by the Honourable East 
India Company Museum. 

fucatus— /'ro/jomy /i/co/w^ Styan, 1899 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 8 : 26; Ibis, (7) 5 : 295, pi. 4. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1914.5. 1 3.821. Ichang, west Hupih, Upper 
Yangtse Valley, west China, 31 Oct 1895. Collected for F. W. 
Styan. Styan Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 



194 fugensis 

fugensis — Hypsipetes fugensis Ogilvie-Grant, IS95 . . .21 

Bull. Br. Orri. CI, 5 : 2. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897. 
5.13.309. Fuga Island, Babuyan Group, north Luzon, Philippines, 
15 April 1895. Collected by J. Whitehead and presented by the 
subscribers to the Whitehead Expedition. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

fugglescouchmani — Camaroptera brachvura fugglescouchmani Moreau, 

1939 .....' 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 60 : 15. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1938.2.11.1. Kibungo Forest, 900', Eastern foot of Uluguru 
Mountains, Tanganyika, 16 June 1937. Collected by and pur- 
chased of R. E. Moreau. 

fugglescouchmani — Seicercus umbrovirens fugglescouchmani Moreau, 

1941 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 61 : 24. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1938.7.3.8. Above Tchenzema, (7,000', on label), Uluguru Moun- 
tains, Eastern Tanganyika, 10 Oct. 1937. Collected and presented 
by N. R. Fuggles-Couchman. 

fulgidum — Dicaeum fulgidum P. L. Sclater, 1883 . . .45 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1883 : 56. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1883.5.30.54. Loetoe, Timor Laut, 19 Sept. 1882. Collected by 
W. O. Forbes. Presented by the British Association. 

The specimen was labelled and registered as the type, and listed 
as such by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 (1885) : 23. The second 
syntype is also in the collection. 

fulignosa — Apalis melanocephalafulignosa Wnccnt, 1933 . . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 53 : 141. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1933.3.1.11. Cholo Mountain, 4,200', Nyasaland, 16°02' S., 35°03' 
E., 2 Sept. 1932. Collected by J. Vincent. Presented by the 
Portuguese East Africa Expedition. 

fuliginosa — ^/"/owv/V75/w//g//705a J. and E. Verreaux, 1855 37 

J. Orn., 1855:104. Syntype, Aduh. Reg. no. 1854.5.23.42. 
Gaboon, West Africa. Collected by and purchased of J. and E. 
Verreaux. 

Listed as the ?type by Sharpe, Cat Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 (1870) : 144, 
and figured on pi. 3. There is another syntype in the collection. 

fuliginosa — Certhia discolor fuliginosa E. C. S. Baker, 1922 . 44A 

Fauna of British India, Aves 1 {2nd edn.) : 438. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1903.12.24.363. Loi-Pang Nan, Mekong, South Shan 
States, Burma, April 1902. Collected by H. M. Thompson. Pre- 
sented by H. M. Thompson and W. H. Craddock. 

Renamed C. d. shanensis by the author, op. cit. 1 (1930) : 617, on 
the grounds of preoccupation by C. fuliginosa Bechstein 1811. 

fuliginosa — Geospizafuliginosa Gould, \S37 . . .53 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1837 : 5. Syntype, Adult male (relaxed 



fuligiventer 195 

mount). Reg. no. 1855.12.19.44. (Chatham Island, on label), 
Galapagos Archipelago. Collected by C. Darwin. Purchased of 
the Zoological Society of London. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 13 
("Geological Society" printed in error for "Zoological Society"). 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

fuliginosa — Hetnichelidon fuliginosa Hodgson, 1845 .37 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1845 : 32. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1845.1.9.272. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson. 

Hodgson's plate no. 427 is on the label. There are several other 
syntypes in the collection. (See also appendix, Corrections and 
Additions, vol. 2.) 

fuliginosa — Pachycephala fuliginosa Vigors and Horsfidd, 1827 39 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15 : 241. Syntype, Adult female (re- 
laxed mount). Reg. no. 1863.7.7.42. South Coast of New 
Holland (=Port Lincoln, Eyre's Peninsula, vide Mathews, Birds 
of Australia, 8 (1920) : 221). Collected by R. Brown. Presented 
by the Linnean Society. 

This specimen was presented as the type and listed as such by 
Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus. 8 (1883) : 193, but two specimens 
were referred to in the description, only one coming to the museum. 

fuliginosa — Psalidoprocne fuliginosa Shelley, 1 887 .18 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1887 : 123. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1887.3.7.27. Cameroon Mts., 9,000', West Africa, Sept. 1886. 
Collected by H. H. Johnston and presented by the British 
Association. 
The female syntype is in the collection. 

fuliginosa — Suya fuliginosa Moore, 1854 . . . .35 

//; Horsfield and Moore, Catalogue of Birds in the Museum of the 
Honourable East India Company, 1 : 326. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1880.1.1.1234. Nepal. Collected by B. H. Hodgson. Pre- 
sented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

fuliginosus — Anthus fuliginosus Vigors and Horsfield, 1827 36 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15 : 230. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1863.7.7.33. Van Dieman's Land, 1804. Collected by R. Brown. 
Presented as the type by the Linnean Society of London. 

fuliginosus — Enicurus fuliginosus Hodgson, 1836 . .31 

Asiat. Res., 19 : 190. Syntype, (Juvenile, vide Sharpe Cat. Bds. 
Brit. Mus., 1 ( 1 883) : 3 1 8 ; relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1 843. 1 . 1 3.455. 
Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
Listed as type by Sharpe, loc. cit. 

fuligiventer — Horornisl fuligiventer Hodgson, \S45 .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1845:31. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1845.1.9.832. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 



196 fulvescens 

fulvescens — Chaniaeza fulvescens Sa\\\n & Godman, ISS2 . . 4 
Ibis, (4) 6 : 79. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1889.7.10.825. 
Merume Mts., British Guiana, 22 June 1881. Collected by H. 
Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

fulvicauda — Sutliora fulvicauda CampheW, \S92 . .33 

Ibis, (6) 4 : 237. ' Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1898.10.3 691. 
Chemulpo, Korea, 12 Aug. 1888. Collected by C. W. Campbell. 
Seebohm Bequest. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

fulviceps — Euscarthmusfiilviceps P. L.Sc\aler,\81l ... 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lomi., 1871 : 497. Syntype, Adult (male, on 
label). Reg. no. 1888.1.13.316. 10 miles from Lima, Peru, 4 Dec. 
1869. Collected by W. Nation. Sclater Collection. 

The "imperfect skin from Babahoyo", a syntype collected by 
Eraser, and listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 
(1888) : 94, is also in the collection. 

fulvicervix — Co///5r6'/i//v/c6'n'/.v P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1876 . . 51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1876 : 354, pi. 30. Holotype, Adult (fe- 
male, vide Hellmayr and Conover, Catalogue of birds of the Americas 
9 (1936) : 133). Reg. no. 1885.6.4.538. Tilotilo, Yungas Province, 
Bolivia. Collected by C. Buckley. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

fulvicrissa — Euphonia fulvicrissaV.'L. ScXaitx, \^51 .51 

Proc. zool Soc. Lond., 1856 (publ. 1857) : 276. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1885.5.12.117. Santa Martha, New Granada. 
Collected for Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 

fulvifacies — ^iror«/5/i//v//<7c/>5 Swinhoe, 1870 . . .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond'., 1870 : 132. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1897.7.2.920. Near Chungchow, Yangtsze River, Szechuen, 
West China, 4 May 1869. Collected by R. Swinhoe. Seebohm 
Bequest. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

fulvifrons — Meliphaga [Myzomela] fulvifrons Vigors and Horsfield, 

1827 . . ' 48 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15 : 317. Syntype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1863.7.7.67A. Sydney, New South Wales, 
August 1803. Collected by R. Brown. Presented by the Linnean 
Society of London as one of the types. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

fulvifrons — Temnoris fulvifrons WoAgson, \%A5 .33 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1845:31. ?Holotype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1845.1.9.788. Nepal. Collected and pre- 
sented by B. H. Hodgson. 

Listed as type by Sharpe Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus. 1 (1883) : 495. 



fulvotincta 1 97 

fulvigularis — Myiobiusfulvigularis Salvin and Godman, 1 889 . 9 

Biol. Centr.-Amer., Aves, 1 : 58. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.1.1224. Santa Fe, Veragua. Collected by E. Arce. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 

fulvipectus — Cyclorhynchus fulvipectus P. L. Sclater, 1860 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1860 : 92. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.13.698. Nanegal, Ecuador. Collected by L. Eraser. 
Sclater Collection. 

fulvipennis — Cotyle fulvipennis P. L. Sclater, 1859 . .18 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1859 : 364. Holotype, (Immature, vide 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 (1885) : 208). Reg. no. 1884.5. 
15.99. Jalapa, Vera Cruz, south Mexico. Collected by De Oca. 
Sclater Collection. 

fulviventer — Budytesfulviventer Hodgson, 1844 . . . .19 

in J. E. Gray, Zoological Miscellany, 1844 : 83 {nomen nudum). 

Specimens in the collection were listed as types by Sharpe, Cat. 
Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 (1885) : 525. 

fulviventris — Gra//crr/a/i//v/V6'/?rm P. L. Sclater, 1858 ... 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 68. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.9.20.642. Rio Napo, Ecuador. Probably collected by 
Villavicencio. Sclater Collection; obtained by Sclater through 
Verreaux. 

fulviventris — Horornisl fulviventris Wodgson \M5 .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1845:31. ?Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1845.1.9.826. Nepal. Presented by B. H. Hodgson. 

Listed as the type by Seebohm, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 5 (1881) : 128. 
There are other syntypes in the collection. 

fulviventris — Mj'wgra/w/v/vew/m P. L. Sclater, 1883 . .38 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1883 : 54. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 

no. 1887.12.30.1128. Larat, Tenimber Islands, 2 Aug. 1882. Col- 
lected by H. O. Forbes. Tweeddale Collection. 

fulviventris — ri/r^/M^/w/v/ven/m P. L. Sclater, 1857 .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1857 : 273. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1886.8.2.121. Bogota, Colombia. Collected for Jamrach. 
Sclater Collection. 
Verreaux's MS label, mentioned by Sclater, is no longer attached. 

fulvolateralis — Acrocephalusfulvolateralis Sharpe, \Sn 35 

//; Layard, Birds of South Africa, 2nd Edn., : 289. Holotype, 
Adult. Reg. no. 1876.5.23.22. Natal. Sharpe Collection. 

fuUot'incta^Pachycephala fulvotincta Wallace, 1863 . .39 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1863 : 492. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1863.12.16.4. Flores. Collected by Allen (op. cit., p. 480). 
Wallace Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 



198 fulvo venter 

fulvoventer — Regiiloides fiilvoventer Godwin-Austen, 1874 . . 35 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 43 pt. 2 : 167. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1895.7.14.950. Donsiri Valley, Assam. Godwin-Austen Col- 
lection. 

fulvus — Drymocataplius fulviis Walden, 1875 .... 32B 

Am. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 15 :401. Holotype, Adult (female on 
label). Reg. no. 1888.4.20.1066. Karen-hee, 2,500', Burma, 14 
March 1874. Collected by R. G. Wardlaw-Ramsay. Tweeddale 
Collection. 

fulvus — Sphenoecus fulvus G. R. Gray, 1862 . . .35 

Ibis, (1) 4 :221. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1845.1.13.8. 
New Zealand, (restricted to Tasman Bay, South Island, vide Kemp. 
Austral. Avian Record, 1 (1912) : 124). Collected by and purchased 
of P. Earl. 

fulvus — Thrvophihis fulvusV.L. ScXdiiQX, \%1'\ .28 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1873 (publ. 1874) : 781. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1886.9.15.59. Huasampilla, 10,000', Cuzco, Peru, March 
1872. Collected by H. Whitely. Sclater Collection. 

fumicolor — Ochthoecafumicolor P. L. Sclater, 1856 ... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1856 : 28, pi. 117. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.13.50. Bogota, Colombia. Collected for Verreaux. 
Sclater Collection. 

fumigata — Calamoherpe fumigata Swinhoe, 1863 . . .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863 : 91. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1886.7.8.1744. Amoy, China, 18 May 1861. Collected by R. 
Swinhoe. Hume Collection. 

This is one of the eight syntypes referred to ; no male syntypes are 
in the collection. 

fumigata — Munia fumigata '^diidtn, I'^l'i . .60 

.4/7/?. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 12 : 488. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1888.9.20.936. South Andaman Island, 11 Feb. 1873. Collected 
by R. Wardlaw Ramsay. Tweeddale Collection. 

fumigatus — Uragus sibiricus fwnigatus Sov/erby, \920 .59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 40 : 99. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1898.11.1.789. Tataschew, near Krasnoyarsk, South-central Si- 
beria, 5 March 1882. Collected by J. Kibort. Seebohm Collection. 
This specimen was originally labelled with the date 21 Feb. 1882, 
but Seebohm's label has the date 5 March 1882, and this is clearly 
the specimen described, and the registration number is quoted. 

fumosus — Automolus fumosus Salvin & Godman, 1891 . . 3 

Biol. Centr.-Amer.; Aves, 2 : 158. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 

no. 1889.5.14.342. Bibalaz, Chiriqui, Panama. Collected by E. 
Arce. Salvin-Godman Collection. 



fusca 199 

funebris — Apalis cinereafunebris Bannerman, ]936 . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 57 : 72. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1926.8.8.573. Oku, 7,000', West of Kumbo, Banso Mountains, 
Cameroon, 8 Feb. 1925. Collected by and purchased of G. L. 
Bates. 

fimerea — Drepanis funerea Newton, 1893 . . .55 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1893 : 690. Syntype, (male, on label). 
Reg. no. 1895.7.20.95. Molokai, Sandwich Islands, (5,000', 18 
June 1893, on label). Collected by R. C. L. Perkins. Presented by 
the Royal Society and the British Association Committee for Ex- 
ploration of the Sandwich Islands. 
Two of the other syntypes are also in the collection. 

fiuiereus — Melanoparus fimereus i. and E. Verreaux, 1855 . . 42 

J. Orn., 1855 : 104. Holotype, Adult male, (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1854.5.23.49. Gaboon, West Africa. Collected by and 
purchased of J. and E. Verreaux. 

fimereus — Oryzoborus funereus P. L. Sclater, 1859 . . .59 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 : 378. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.12.10.92. Suchapam, Oaxaca, Mexico, April 1859. Col- 
lected by A. Boucard. Sclater Collection. 

The total length was erroneously stated to be 8-4", but is in fact 4"4". 

furensis — Amadina fasciata furensis Lynes, 1920 . . .60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 41 : 17. Holotype, Adult male (=immature). 
Reg. no. 1920.12.22.617. Derrat, 50mileseastof ElFashar, Darfur, 
Sudan, 9 March 1920. Collected and presented by H. Lynes. 

furensis — Cercomela scotocerca furensis Lynes, 1926 . .31 

Ibis, (12) 2 : 391. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1922.12.8.909. 
Jebel Marra, 7,900', central Darfur, Sudan, 6 March 1921. Col- 
lected and presented by Admiral H. Lynes. 

This is the author's selected male syntype. His selected female 
syntype is also in the collection. 

furensis — Mirafrafischeri furensis Lynes, 1923 .17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 43 : 95. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1922.12.8.1510. Julme, 3,500', north-east Jebel Marra, west- 
central Darfur, Sudan, 6 July 1921 . Collected and presented by the 
Lynes-Lowe Expedition. 

furensis — Ploceus [Sitagrd] taeniopterus furensis Lynes, 1 923 . 61 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 43 : 94. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1922. 1 2.8. 1 905. Zalingei, west-central Darfur, Sudan, 2 Sept. 
1921. Collected by H. Lynes. Lynes-Lowe Expedition Collection. 

fusca — Alauda (Galerita) arenicola ? var. fusca Blanford, 1 870 . 17 

Observations on the Geology and Zoology of Abyssinia : 387. Holo- 
type, Adult. Reg. no. 1869.10.17.250. Lake Ashingi, 8,000', 



200 fusca 

Abyssinian highlands, 4 April 1868. Collected by W. T. Blanford 
and presented by the Governor and Council of the Bombay 
Government. 

fusca — Akippe fusca Godwin-Austen, 1876 .... 32B 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 45, pt. 2 : 197. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1895.7.14.2103. Naga Hills, North-East Frontier, India, "field 
season", 1873-4. Collected by A. W. Chennell and presented by 
H. H. Godwin-Austen. 
The three other syntypes are also in the collection. 

fusca — Cfl5/orm.s/M5Cfl P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1873 ... 7 
Nomencl. Av. Neotrop., 57, 159. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1888. 
1.13.1585 (labelled 1885 in error). Bahia, eastern Brazil. (Col- 
lected by Wucherer, on label). Sclater Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 366. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

fusca — Ce/-r///V/eo/iWfcr P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1870 . . .53 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1870 : 324. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.4.1.190. Abingdon Island, Galapagos Archipelago. 
Collected by A. Habel. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

fusca — Paf/?>'ce/?/ia/o/w5ca Vigors and Horsfield, 1827 . . 39 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15 : 240. Syntype, Adult female (re- 
laxed mount). Reg. no. 1863.7.7.40. Australia. Collected by G. 
Caley. Presented by the Linnean Society. 

This specimen was presented as the type and listed as such by 
Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 8 (1883) : 193, but two specimens are 
referred to in the description. 

fusca — Petroica fusca Gould, 1842 . . . . .37 

Birds of Australia, 3 : pi. 8. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1841.1467. Tasmania, (near Wellington Mountain, Van Diemen's 
Land, Sept. 1839, in British Museum Register). Purchased of J. 
Gould. 

Labelled ""P. fused"' in Gray's hand. The author refers to many 
specimens and from the date of registration this seems certain to be 
a syntype. 

fusca — Rhinocrypta fusca P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1873 ... 6 
Nomencl. Av. Neotrop., : 161. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1889. 
9.20.715. Mendoza, Argentina, 1871. Collected by Weisshaupt. 
Sclater Collection. 

fuscata — Garrulax moniliger fuscata E. C. S. Baker, 1917 . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 38 : 64. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1886.10.1.3952. Tavoy, south Burma, 17 March 1878. Collected 
by A. O. Hume. Hume Collection. 



fuscicaudata 201 

fuscata — Ortygospi-aatricollisfuscataV^.L.Sc\a.ter,\932 . . 60 
Bull. Brit.'Oni. CL, 52 : 142. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1932.6.5.2. Kawambwa, Northern Rhodesia, 6 Nov. 1930. Col- 
lected and presented by H. Lynes. 

fuscicapilla — Cisticola fuscicapilla Wallace, 1 864 . . .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1863 (publ. 1864) : 489. Syntype, Adult 
(male, on label). Reg. no. 1873.5.12.611. (Delhi, on label; this is 
a Timor locality, vide Ticehurst, Systematic review of the genus 
Phylloscopus (1938) : 183) East Timor, (c. May 1861, on label). 
Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

fuscicapillus — Copurusfuscicapillus P. L. Sclater, 1861 . . . 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1861 (publ. 1862) : 381. Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1888.1.13.157. Bogota, Colombia. Collected for 
Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 

Sclater used a Verreaux MS. name. There are two other syntypes 
in the collection. 

fuscicapillus — Corvus fuscicapillus G. R. Gray, IS59 .71 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 : 157. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1858.3.10.17. Aru Islands, 1857. Collected by A. R. 
Wallace. Purchased of S. Stevens. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

fuscicapillus — Hylophilus fuscicapillus P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1880 56 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1880 : 155. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1886.9.15.302. Sarayacu, Ecuador. Collected by C. Buckley. 
Sclater Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

fuscicapillus — Picolaptes fuscicapillus Pelzeln, 1868 ... 2 

Zur Ornithologie Brasiliens : 44, 63. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.5.20.585. Engenho do Capitao Gama, Matto Grosso, 
Brazil, 20 July 1826. Collected by J. Natterer. P. L. Sclater 
Collection. 

Listed as "authentic specimen" by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
15(1890) : 154. 

fuscicapillus — Tropidorliynchus fuscicapillus 'Wallace, ]S62 . . 48 
Jbis,(\}4 -.35]. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1873.5 12.1010. Morty 
Island, near Gilolo, northern Molucca group, 1861. Collected by 
Allen. Wallace Collection. 

There are several syntypes in the collection and one in the Cam- 
bridge University Zoological Museum. 

fuscicaudata — Ruticillalfu.uicaudataB\anford,lS69 . . .31 

Ann. Mag. not. Hist., (4) 4 : 329. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1869.10.16.215. Abyssinia (Mas'halet Pass, 4,500', near Bogos, 
13 July 1868, on label). Collected by W. T. Blanford and pre- 
sented by the Governor and Council of the Bombay Government. 



202 fusciceps 

fusciceps — Thripophaga fusciceps P. L. Sclater, 1889 ... 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lomi., 1889 : 33. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1846.9.9.56. Bolivia. Collected by and purchased off. 
Bridges. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

fusciceps — Xetiocichla fusciceps Shelley, 1893 .21 

7/7/5,(6)5:13. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1892.9.10.56. Milanji 
Plateau, 4-6,000', Nyasaland, 10 Nov. 1891. Collected by A. 
Whyte and presented by H. H. Johnston. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

fuscigularis — Apalis murinafuscigularisMoreau,\931 .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 58 : 48. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1938.2.11.5. Taita Hills, 5,400', Southern Kenya, 12 Nov. 1937. 
Collected by and purchased of R. E. Moreau. 

fuscipennis — Bathmocercus fiiscipennis Sharpe, 1 903 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 14 : 19. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1903.7.16.16. Efulen, Cameroons, 15 Dec. 1902. Collected by 
G. L. Bates. Purchased of W. E. de Winton. 

fuscipennis — Philydor fuscipennis Salvia, 1866 .... 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1866 : 72. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.5.14.388. Veragua. Collected by E. Arce. Salvin- 
Godman Collection. 

fusciventris — Pty onoprogne rufigulafusciventris Yincent, 1933 . 18 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 53 : 143. Holotype, Aduh male. Reg. no. 
1933.3.1.21. Namuli Mt., 6,200', Quelimane Province, Mozam- 
bique, 15°2r S., 37"04', E., 4 Aug. 1932. Collected and presented 
by J. Vincent. 

fuscoflava — Pachycephalafuscoflava P. L. Sclater, 1883 . . 39 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1883 : 198, pi. 28. Syntype, Male (immature, 
vide Hartert, Novit. Zool, 8 (1901) : 170). Reg. no. 1883.5.30.99. 
(allocated later). Larat Island, Timor-Laut, Tenimber Islands. 
15 Sept. 1882. Collected by H. O. Forbes. Presented by the 
"Timor-Laut" Committee of the British Association. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

fuscoflavescens — Brachypodius fuscoflavescens Hume, \S13 . . 2] 
Stray Feathers, 1 : 297. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886. 
9.1.1273. Mount Harriet, Andaman Islands, 13 Dec. 1872. Col- 
lected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 
The four other syntypes are also in the collection. 

fuscogularis — Siphia strophiata fuscogularis E. C. S. Baker, 1923 . 37 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 44 : I. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1919.12.20.163. Langbian Peaks, 6,000-7,500', South Annam, 21 
April 1918. Collected by C. B. Kloss. Presented by H. C. 
Robinson and C. B. Kloss. 



gabonensis 203 

fusconotus — NigntafusconotusFTascT,\M3 . .60 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1842 (publ. 1843) : 145. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1847.1.18.19. Clarence, Fernando Po. Collected by and 
purchased of L. Fraser. From the Niger Expedition. 

fuscorufa — Rhipidurafuscorufa P. L. Sclater, 1883 . . 37A 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1883 : 197, pi. 27. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1883.5.30.81. Loetoe, Tenimber Group, 20 Sept. 1882. 
Collected by H. O. Forbes. Presented by the Timor Laut Com- 
mittee of the British Association. 

Fourteen syntypes were referred to, of which one other is in the 
collection. 

fuscorufa — Synallaxis fuscorufa P. L. Sclater, 1 882 3 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1882 : 578, pi. 43. Holotype, Immature. 
Reg. no. 1889.5.14.204. 7,000', San Sebastian, Sierra Nevada of 
Santa Marta, north Colombia, 15 Aug. 1880. Collected by F. A. A. 
Simons. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

fuscorufus — Ochthodiaeta fuscorufus P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1876 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1876:354. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.1.55. Tilotilo, Yungas province, Bolivia. Collected by C. 
Buckley. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

gabonensis — Malaconotus gabonensis Shelley, 1894 . . .23 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 3 : 43. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. 
no. 1865.4.9.65. Gaboon, West Africa. Collected for Verreaux 
and purchased of R. B. Sharpe. 

This name is based on the specimens called Laniarius hypopyrrlnis 
{nee Hartlaub), by Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 8 (1883) : 155. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

gabonensis — Ortygospiza gabonensis hyne'i, 191A .60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 33 : 131. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1878.12.31.880. Gaboon, West Africa. Collected by P. B. Du 
Chaillu. Sharpe Collection. 

This is the author's selected male syntype. The described female 
syntype is also in the collection. 

gabonensis — Pyenonotus gabonensis Sharpe, 1871 . .21 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 181\ : 132, pi. 7. Syntype, Adult. Reg.no. 
1876.5.23.565. Gaboon. Collected by R. B. M. Walker. Sharpe 
Collection. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 6 (1881) : 148. 

gabonensis — Stiphrornis gabonensis Sharpe, ISS3 . .31 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 : 174, pi. 6. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1876.5.23.206. Gaboon. Collected by Walker. Sharpe Collec- 
tion. 



204 gaboonensis 

gaboonensis — Estrihia astrild gaboonensis W. L. Sclater and 

Mackworth-Praed, 1918 60 

Ibis. (10) 6 :443. Holotype. Adult male. Reg. no. 1889.7.20. 
453. Landana, Congo, Jan. 1883. Collected by L. Petit, Shelley 
Collection. 

gabriellae — Cissa gabriellae OgiWxQ-Gvdini, \9Q(i . . .71 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 19 : 12. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1907. 
12.13.24. Nhatrang, Annam. Collected by and purchased of J. J. 
Vassal. 

gabun — Cisticola ayresii gabun Lynes, 1931 . . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn'. CI., 52 : 9. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1931.10.8.5. Port Gentil, coastal Gabun, 17 April 1931. Collected 
by Admiral H. Lynes and J. Vincent. Presented by Admiral H. 
Lynes. 

gaikwari — Sylviella gaikwari Sharpe, 1901 . . . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 11 : 47. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1901.4.20.15. Ania, SomaHland, (3 Feb. 1899, on label). Col- 
lected by Dr. Donaldson Smith. Presented by the Gaekwar of 
Baroda, the collector having made the expedition to SomaHland on 
his behalf. 

galbanus — Garrulax galbanus GodiWm-/K\x%iQn, 1874 . 32B 

Proc. zool. Sac. Loncl., 1874 : 44, pi. 10. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1895.7.14.2216. Munipur Valley, under the Koupru Range, 
Assam, Feb. 1873 (in text; Jan. on label). Collected by H. H. 
Godwin-Austen. Godwin-Austen Collection. 

galeata — MWogra go/earo G. R. Gray, 1860 .38 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 352. Holotype, Adult (female, 
vide Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 (1879) : 385). Reg. no. 1860. 
2.4.53. Batchian, Moluccas. Collected by A. R. Wallace. Pur- 
chased of Stevens. 

gallio — Zosterops gallio Sharpe, 1884 . . . . . .47 

in Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 9 : 185. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1873.5.12.904. East Java, 1861. Collected by A. R. 
Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

gambagae — Alseonax gambagae Boyd Alexander, 1901 . . .37 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 12 : 11. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.1373. Gambaga, Gold Coast, 27 April 1901. Col- 
lected by Boyd Alexander. Boyd Alexander Bequest. 

gambiensis — Emberiza affinis gambiensis Bannerman, 1 932 . . 49 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 52 : 111. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1929.2.18.155. Old Nokunda, Gambia, 22 Jan. 1929. Collected 
and presented by W. P. Lowe. 



gayi 205 

ganeesa — Hypsipetes ganeesa Sykes, 1832 . . . . .21 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1832 : 86. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1880.1.1.4746. Dense woods of the Ghauts. Collected by Lt. 
Col. W. Sykes and presented by the Honourable East India Com- 
pany Museum. 

The other syntype is also in the collection. See Jardine and 
Selby, Illustrations of Ornithology, 2nd. ser., 4 (1836) : pi. 2. 

gangetica — Suva gangetica ^\yi\\, 1868 . . .35 

Ibis, (2) 3:23. Holotype, Immature. Reg. no. 1881.5.1.403. 
Upper Ganges, India. Collected by T. C. Jerdon. Gould Col- 
lection. 

Blyth used a Jerdon MS. name. 

garoensis — Turdinus garoensis Godwin-Austen, 1874 . . . 32B 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 43, pt. 2 : 160, pi. 8. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1895.7.14.3399. Garo Hills, North East Frontier, India, 
1872-3. Collected by W. Robert and presented by H. H. Godwin- 
Austen. 

garrula — Certhilauda garrula Smith, 1846 . .17 

Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa, 2 (Aves) : pi. 106, fig. 1. 
Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1845.7.6.209. Plains 
in the interior of southern Africa (restricted to Cookfonteyn [an old 
name for Steinkopf], Little Namaqualand, by Roberts, Ann. 
Transvaal Mus., 1936 : 314), 1827 or 1828. Collected by and pur- 
chased of A. Smith. 

There are two other syntypes in the collection, and a fourth in the 
Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. 

gaumeri — /irr/7agawmm Salvin and Godman, 1891 ... 7 
Biol. Centr.-Amer., Aves, 2 : 134. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.20.659. Tizimin, northern Yucatan, Mexico, 1879. Col- 
lected by G. F. Gaumer. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The second syntype is in the collection. 

gayeti — Melanochlora gayeti Delacour and Jabouille, 1925 . 42 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 46 : 6. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1926. 
9.8.958. Bana, 1,900 metres (1,400, on label), 12 miles west of 
Fourane, Central Annam, 24 May 1924. Collected by J. Delacour 
and P. Jabouille, from the French British Indo-China Expedition. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

fiayi— Chasiempis gayi S. B. Wihon, ]S9l 37A 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1891 : 165. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1897.7.2.575. Oahu, Sandwich Islands, 21 Oct. 1888. Col- 
lected and presented by S. B. Wilson. 

This specimen was labelled "n. sp." by the author, but a large 
number of syntypes collected at the same period are in the collection. 



206 genderuensis 

genderuensis — Cercomela familian's genileruensis Bannerman, 1922 31 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 43 : 8. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1922. 
11.25.133. Genderu, 4,600', Cameroon Highlands, 28 Aug. 1921. 
Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

geochrous — Malacocircus geochrous Hodgson, IS44 . . .32 

in J. E. Gray, Zoological Miscellany : 83. Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. 
Miis., 7 (1883) : 393 refers to two specimens as types, but the name 
is a nonien nudum. 

gephyra — Sylvietta rujicapilla gephyra V</hite, 1953 . . .35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 73 : 68. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1953.54.322. Mwinilunga, Northern Rhodesia, 26 Jan. 1940. 
Collected and presented by C. M. N. White. 

germana — CyartoaY/flg^rmo/Jo P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1876 . . 71 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1876 : 270. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1887.3.9.140. Belize River, British Honduras. Collected by 
Quilter. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
A male syntype is in the collection. 

gigantea — Locustella lanceolatagigantea Johansen, 1954 . 35 

J. Orn., 1954 : 92. The author selected as the type specimen no. 
1912.12.15.186. from the H. F. Witherby Collection, from Shawei- 
shan Island, E. China. This cannot now be traced but other 
specimens from a paratypical series are in the collection. 

gigas— Elainea gigas P. L. SclatQT, ISl I ..... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1870 (publ. 1871) : 831. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1888.1.13.537. Rio Napo, Ecuador. Collected for 
Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 

gigliolii — Emberiza gigliolii Swinhoe, 1 867 . . . . .49 

Ibis, (2) 3 : 393. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1 89 J. 1 1.1.1595. 
Amoy, China, May 1866. Collected by R. Swinhoe. Seebohm 
Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

g\\\iQrt\—Kupeornis gilbert i Serle, 1949 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 69 : 50. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1949.14.1. Kupe Mountain, 5,000', Kumba Division, British 
Cameroons, 10 April 1948. Collected and presented by W. Serle. 

gili — Cyanopica cyanus gili Witherby, 1923 . .71 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 43 : 74. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1924.12.20.4. Near Candeleda, north-west Avila Province, Spain, 
29 Oct. 1922. Collected and presented by H. F. Witherby. 

gllletti—A//>a/rag/7/err/ Sharpe, 1895 17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 4 : 29. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1895.7.7.17. 
Sibbe, Ogaden Country, Somaliland (i.e. 25 miles west of Sasah 
Baneh, east Abyssinia, vide Smith, Geog. J., 1900 : 712), 4 Aug. 
1894. Collected by F. Gillett and presented by Dr A. Donaldson 
Smith. 



goalpariensis 207 

glaber — Sublegatus glaber P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1 868 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1868 : 172, pi. 13. Adult (male, on label). 
Reg. no. 1888.1.13.650. Caraccas, Venezuela (Aug. 1859, on label). 
Collected by O. Goering. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 158. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

glabricollis — Cephalopterus glabricollis Gould, 1851 . . 7 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1850 (publ. 1851) : 92, pi. 20. Holotype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1881.5.1.4873. (Calovevora, on label.) 
Cordillera of Chiriqui, Veragua. Collected by Warzewickz. Gould 
Collection, received by him from T. B. Wilson. 

Gould appears to have retained the specimen, which is not listed 
by Stone, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadelphia 1899 : 62-63, as one of 
the types in the Wilson Collection at the Philadelphia Museum. 

glabrirostris — Melanopti la glabrirostris P. L. Sclater, \S51 29 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1857 : 275. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1886.8.2.199. Omoa, Honduras. Collected by J. Leyland and 
purchased of Sclater. 

glauca — Diglossa glauca P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1876 51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1876 : 253. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.4.1.74. Nairapi, Bolivia. Collected by C. Buckley. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 

glaucogularis — Mecistura glaucogularis Gou\d, \H55 . .40 

Birds of Asia 2, pt. 7 : pi. 67. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1858. 
12.2.31. China, believed to be Shanghai (= "probably Ningop 
where Gould had a nephew, Captain I. Ince", MS. note by N. B. 
Kinnear). Purchased of Gould. 

Peters, Checklist of birds of the World 12 (1967) : 55 accepts the 
description of the species under the name of Orites glaucogularis 
by Moore, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1854 : 140, but according to Baker, 
Fauna of British India, 2nd Bdn. 1 (1930) : 16, Moore's account was 
not published until 11 April 1855 and Gould's was published on 
1 AprU. 

gloriosa — Diglossa gloriosa P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1871 . 51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1870 (publ. 1871) : 784, pi. 46. Holotype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1884.7.31.1 1. Parama de la Culata, north of 
Merida, Venezuela, 1869. Collected by A. Goering. Sclater 
Collection. 

^loriosus— Rhynchocvclus flaviventris gloriosus Chuhh, 1920 . 9 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 40 : 108. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1892.1.16.254. Quonga, British Guiana, 21 Nov. 1887. Col- 
lected by H. Whitely, Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are two female syntypes in the collection. 

goalpariensis — Certhia goalpariensis Royle, 1 840 . .46 

Illustrations of Botany . . ., : 78, pi. 7. Holotype, Adult male. 



208 godmani 

Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4055. Dhera Doon, Himalayas. Collected by 
Dr. J. F. Royle. Presented by the Honourable East India Com- 
pany Museum as Dr. Royle's type. 

Royle made no written description but this is his only specimen 
and therefore assumed to be the one on which the plate was based. 
The name appears to be a latinised name of Latham's, Gen. Hist. 
Bds. 4 (1822) : 221. The specimen was listed as the type by Gadow, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 9 (1884) : 20. It is in bad condition with 
a broken beak. 

godmani — Leptopogon godmani P. L. Sclater, ISSl ... 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1887:48. Syntype, Slightly immature 

{vide Hellmayr, Novit. Zool., 13 (1906) : 322). Reg. no. 1888.1.1. 

562. Sarayacu, Ecuador. Collected by C. Buckley. Salvin- 
Godman Collection. 
The second syntype is in the collection. 

godwini — Pomatorhinus ruficollis godwini K'mnear, 1944 . . 32B 

Ibis, 86 : 79. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1935.4.5.98. 
Chungkar, 6,000', Trashigong-Duwengiri road, south-east Bhutan, 
8 Nov. 1934. Collected and presented by F. Ludlow and G. 
Sherriff. 

godwini — Trochalopterum erythrocephalum godwini Harington, 1914 32A 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 33 : 92. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1895.7.14. 
2242. Hengdan Peak, North Cachar Hills. Collected by H. H. 
Godwin-Austen. Godwin-Austen Collection. 

goeringi — Chlorospingus goeringi P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1871 .51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1870 (publ. 1871) : 784, pi. 46. Holotype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1885.6.12.885. Paramos of Merida, 
Venezuela, 1870. Collected by A. Goering. Sclater Collection. 

golandi — Heterhyphantes golandi Clarke, \9\3 . . .61 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 31 : 32. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1913.1.17.1. Mombasa, Kenya. Collected and presented by 
S. R. Clarke. 

gommaensis — Serinus mozambicus gommaensis C. H. B. Grant and 

Mackworth-Praed, 1945 59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 66 : 18. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1912.10.15.1698. (Sadeteka, on label), Gomma, Southern Abys- 
sinia, 12 May 1905. Collected by P. C. Zaphiro. Presented by 
W. N. McMUlan. 

goodenovii — Muscicapa goodenovii Vigors and Wovsf^tXA, \^21 37 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15 : 245. Holotype, Adult (male, vide 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 (1879) 172) (relaxed mount). Reg. 
no. 1863.7.7.44. Coast of South Australia, 1802. Collected by R. 
Brown. Presented by the Linnean Society as the type. 



gordoni 209 

goodfellowi — Brachrpteryx goodfellowi OgiWie-Gvant, 1912 . 31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 29 : 108. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1913.1. 
29.44. Mount Arizan, 8,000', Formosa, March 1912. Collected by 
W. Goodfellow and purchased of E. J. Johnstone. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

goodfellowi — Cicinnurus goodfellowi OgiWxQ-GxSLnt, \9i)l . . 70 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 19 : 39. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1908.5.27.74. Cyclops Mountains, 3,000', Humboldt's Bay, north 
Dutch New Guinea, Aug. 1906. Collected by W. Goodfellow. 

goodfellowi — Erythrura trichroa goodfellowi Ogilvie-Grant, 1911 60 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 29 : 29. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1913.3.6.358. Moroka Mountains, 4,000', British New Guinea, 
Feb. 1908. Collected by W. Goodfellow. Purchased of E. J. 
Johnstone. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

goodfellowi — /o/7//Hagoo^/e//c»v/ Ogilvie-Grant, 1912 . . .31 

Ibis, (9) 6 : 649, pi. 14. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no 1913.1. 
29.51. Mount Arizan, 7,000', Formosa. Feb. 1912. Collected by 
W. Goodfellow and purchased of E. J. Johnstone. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

goodfellowi — Pitta novaeguineae goodfellowi C. M. N. White, 1937 . 12 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 57 : 136. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1907.12.11.63. Silbattabatta, Aru Island, Feb. 1904. Collected 
by W. Goodfellow. Purchased of E. J. Johnstone. 

goodfellowi — Regulus goodfellowi Ogihie-Grant, ]960 . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 16 : 122. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1907.12.12.20. Mount Morrison, 10,000', Central Formosa, (Jan. 
1906, on label). Collected by and purchased of W. Goodfellow. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

goodfellowi — Rhinomyias goodfellowi Ogihie-Gmnt, 1905 37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 16 : 17. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1 905. 1 1 .26. 106. Mount Apo, 8,000', South-east Mindanao, Philip- 
pines, March 1905. Collected by and purchased of W. Goodfellow. 

goramensis — Myiagra goramensis Sharpe, \S79 . . . .38 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 : 386. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1873.5.12.709. Coram, Moluccas, (1860, on label). Collected by 
A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

gordoni — Hirundo gordoni iaxd'xnQ, \%5\ . . .18 

Contributions to Ornithology, 1851 : 141. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1886.6.24.129. Cape Coast Castle, near Accra, Gold 
Coast, 9 July 1848 {vide Jardine, Contributions to Ornithology, 
1849 : 4). Collected by C. A. Gordon. Jardine Collection. 



2 1 goslingi 

goslingi—/l/7o//5^o5///7^/' Boyd Alexander, 1908 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 21 : 89. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.2211. Guraba, River Welle (Uele), Belgian Congo, 
17 May 1906. Collected by W. Boyd Alexander on the Alexander- 
Gosling Expedition. Boyd Alexander Bequest, 
goslingi— Fr/z/g/Z/or/o goslingi Boyd Alexander, 1906 . . .49 

Bull. Brit. brn. CI., 16 : 124. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.3181. (Collector's no. 756). M'bima, Welle River, 
North Nigeria (=Kina or Gongola Rivers, vide Sclater, Systema 
avium Aethiopicarwn (1930) : 831. =Nasawara, vide Bannerman, 
MS. on Boyd Alexander localities), 8 Aug. 1904. Collected by 
Boyd Alexander. Boyd Alexander Bequest. 
gossei — Ewbernagra gossei ChMhh, 191% .49 

Ibis, (10) 6 : 9. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1899.1.20.7. Lujan, 
Mendoza, Argentine, July 1897. Collected by P. H. Gosse. Pre- 
sented by E. A. Fitzgerald. 

gouldi—Cfl///5/f'goj/M P. L. Sclater, 1886 51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1885 (publ. 1886) : 849. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1881.5.1.3844. South-east Brazil (type locality deduced 
from make of skin). Gould Collection. 
gouldii—Meliphaga gouldii. See appendix, Corrections and Additions, 

vol. 2 48 

gouldi — Zosterops gouldi Bonaparte, 185\ 47 

Consp. Av., 1 (1850, publ. 1851) : 398. New name for Z. 
chloronotus Gould, 1841 (^.v.) on the grounds of preoccupation by 
Dicaeum chloronothos Vieillot, 1817. 

gouldii — Anthus gouldii Eraser, 1843 19 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1843:27. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1881.2.18.153. Cap Palmas, Liberia. Collected by L. Eraser. 
Eyton Collection. 

There is another specimen in the collection, labelled "type" and 
"West Africa", with "(Cap Palmas)" added later. This second 
specimen is typical of Liberian populations in being markedly 
paler. Both were listed as the types by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
10(1885) :559. 
gouldii— Mom^co^/flgoMW/7 G. R. Gray, 1859 . . . .70 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 : 158, note. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1855.4.11.1. Cape York, North Australia. Collected by 
J. Macgillivray. Presented by Captain Stanley, from the voyage of 
H.M.S. Rattlesnake. 

Gray's name is proposed for a specimen figured by Gould. 
Gould, Handbook of the birds of Australia, 1 (1865) : 236, states that 
his plate was based on this specimen. 
gouldii — Monarcha gouldii G.K. Gray, \%6Q . ■ .38 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860:352. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1881.5.1.1312. (New South Wales, on label.) Gould Collection. 
There are other syntypes in the collection. 



gracilirostris 211 

gouldii — Myiolestes gouldii G. R. Gray, IS5S .39 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 180. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1850.7.20.176. Barnard Island (Mid-Queensland), 2 June 1848. 
Collected by J. Macgillivray. Presented by Captain. R. Stanley 
R.N. from the voyage of H.M.S. Rattlesnake. 

The mounted syntype from Brown's River listed as the type by 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 3 (1877) : 297, has not been traced. 

goyderi — Ainytis goyderi Go\x\d, 1875 . . .36 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 16 : 286. Syntype, Adult male. Reg, 
no. 1881.5.1.516. Macumba River, Lake Eyre, South Australia 
(27° 4r23" S., Brackish Waterhole, Macumba River, vide Sutton. 
South Australian Ornithologist, 9 (1927) : 117), Dec. 1874. Collec- 
ted by F. W. Andrews on the Lake Eyre Expedition. Gould 
Collection. 

The other syntype is also in the collection. The specimen referred 
to as a para type by Hindwood, Records of the Australian Museum, 
21 (1946) : 391, is not likely to have been seen by Gould. 

grace! — CaulodromusgraceiG.K. Gray, \%41 . . . 32B 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1847 : 6. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1847. 
4.29.11. Darjeeling, India (vide Gray and Mitchell, the Genera of 
birds 1 (1849) : pi. 44, and specimen label). Collected and pre- 
sented by J. R. Grace. 

gracilipes — Tyranniscus gracilipes P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1868 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1867 (publ. 1868) : 981. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1888.1.13.491. Pebas, Peru (25 June 1866, on 
label). Collected by H. Hauxwell. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 133. 

gracilirostris — Andropadus gracilirostris Strickland, 1 844 21 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1844 : 101. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 

no. 1847.1.18.11. Fernando Po, June. Collected by and pur- 
chased of L. Fraser. 

gracilirostris — Catharus gracilirostris SaWm, \%65 .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1864 (publ. 1865) : 580. Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1885.3.2.50. Volcan de Cartago, Costa Rica, 1864. Col- 
lected by E. Acre. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

Listed as type by Hellmayr, Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 
7(1934) :475. 

gracilirostris — Chloropeta gracilirostris Ogilvie-Grant, 1906 . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 19 : 33. Holotype, Immature male. Reg. 
no. 1906.12.23.1465. (Mokia, on label), 3,400', South-eastern 
slopes of Ruwenzori, Uganda, 12 June 1906. Collected by D, 
Carruthers. Presented by subscribers to the Ruwenzori Expedition. 
Subsequently designated as type of the Genus Calamonastides, 
vide Grant and Mackworth-Praed, Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 60 (1940) : 91. 



212 gracilirostris 

gracilirostris — Vireo gracilirostris Sharpe, 1 890 .56 

J. Linn. Soc. Lond., (Zool) 20 : 478. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.6.1.27. Fernando Noronha Island, Brazil, Aug. 1887. Col- 
lected by H. N. Ridley. Presented by the Royal Society. 

This specimen was labelled as the type. There are three other 
syntypes in the collection. 

gracilis — Aphelocoma gracilis M\\\eT, 1896 . .71 

Auk, 13 : 34. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1906.12.7.3736. 
Sierra Bolaiios, Jalisco, Mexico, 26 Feb. 1889. Collected by W. B. 
Richardson. Purchased of G. S. Miller. Received in May 1937. 
Specimen registered under the number of his collection purchased in 
1906. 

gracilis — Hrpsipetes gracilis McClelland, \S40 . 32B 

in Horsfield. Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1839 (publ. 1840) : 159. 
Holotype, or Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1880.1. 
1.1933. Assam. Collected by J. McClelland and presented by 
the Honourable East India Company Museum. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) : 407. 

gracilis — Ptilotis gracilis Gould, 1 866 . . .48 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1866:217. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1881.5.1.5556. Cape York district of Queensland, Australia. 
Collected by J. Jardine. Gould Collection. 

Labelled as the type by the author, but a second specimen was 
available. 

gracilis — Pvctorhis gracilis Styan, 1899 .... . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 8 : 26. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1914.5. 
13.768. Lungan, 10,000', north-west Sechuan, west China, Dec. 
1897. Collected by F. W. Styan. Styan Collection. 

granadensis — Dendroeca granadensis Sharpe, 1885 .54 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus. 10 : 284. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1884.5. 
5.15.356. (Sclater's no. 196c). Colombia (New Granada, on 
label). Collected for Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as the type by Hellmayr, Catalogue of birds of the Americas 
8 (1935) : 374, who confuses it with one of the two other syntypes 
in the collection (Sclater's no. 196b) which is labelled "Mexico?", 
corrected to "Colombia" by Chubb, listed as "Colombia" by 
Sharpe (op. cit.), and reinterpreted as error for "Martinique?" by 
Hellmayr {op. cit.), who misquoted the specimen number as 169c. 

grandior — Turdinus marmoratus grandior \oous, 1950 . . 32B 

Limosa, 22 1949, (publ. 1950) : 351. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1908.12.15.94. Semangko Pass, 2,500-4,500', Selangor 
Pahang Boundary, 28 Nov. 1908 (Feb. on label). Collected by 
H. C. Robinson and presented by the Kuala Lumpur Museum. 

grandis — Acridotheres grandis Moore, 1856 . .62 

Catalogue of Birds in the Museum of the East India Company 



grant! 2 1 3 

2 : 537. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1 880. 1 . 1 .2098. 
Sumatra (locality queried by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) 
: 91, 92). Collected by Sir S. Raffles. Presented by the Honour- 
able East India Company Museum. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

grandis — Bradypterus grandis Og\W\Q-Gva.ni, 1917 . .35 

Ibis, (10) 5 : 78. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1920.6.26.506. 
Bitye, 2,000', Ja River, Cameroons, 24 March 1914. Collected 
and presented by G. L. Bates. 

grandis — Criniger pallida grandis E.C.S. Baker, \9\7 . .21 

Bidl. Br. Orn. CI., 38 : 15. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1914. 
5.6.569. Yunnan, western China. Collected by F. W. Styan. 
Styan Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

grandis — Hyphantornis grandis G. R. Gray IS49 . . .61 

The Genera of birds 2 : 351. New name for Ploceus collar is Fraser, 
1842 (q.v.) which is preoccupied. 

grandis — Motacilla grandis Sharpe, 1885 . . .19 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 : 492. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1884.1.25.4. Sapporo, Yezo, Japan, 30 Sept. 1882. Collected and 
presented by T. Blakiston. 
There are four other syntypes in the collection. 

grandis — Munia grandis Sharpe, 1 882 . . . .60 

/. Linn. Soc, ZooL, 16 : 319, 442. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1882.3.8.71. Taburi, Astrolabe Mountains, South-east New 
Guinea. Collected by A. Goldie. Purchased of E. Gerrard. 

grandis — Stizorhina grandis Ogilvie-Grant, 1910 . . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 27 : 30. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1910. 
12.26.173. Gazi, Shimba Hills, near Mombasa, British East 
Africa, 28 Aug. 1910. Collected by R. Kemp and presented by C. D. 
Rudd. 

granti — Bradyornis granti Bar\r\ermar\, \9\\ . .37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 27 : 84. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1912.10.15.551. Gibbe River, South-west Abyssinia, 28 April 
1905. Collected by P. Zaphiro. Presented by W. N. McMillan. 

This is the described male. The described female syntype is also 
in the collection. 

granti — Bradypterususamharae granti Ben$or\, 1939 .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 59 : 110. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1933.3.1.1031. Lichenya Plateau, Mlanje Mountains, Nyasaland, 
31 Dec. 1931. Collected and presented by J. Vincent. 

granti — Camaroptera granti Boyd Alexander, 1903 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 13 : 36. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.2141. Badasou, Fernando Po, 11 Nov. 1902. Col- 
lected by Boyd Alexander. Boyd Alexander Bequest. 



214 grant! 

granti — Cossrpha insulana granti Scde, 1949 .31 

Bull. Br. bin. CI., 69 : 53. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1949.14.5. Kupe Mountain, 4,500', Essosong, Kumba Division, 
British Cameroons, 18 Nov. 1947. Collected and presented by W. 
Serle. 

granti — Cyanomitra olivacea granti W'lncent, 1934 . . .46 

Ibis, (13) 4 :91. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1926.8.9.94. 
Pemba Island, East African Coast, 31 May 1925. Collected and 
presented by J. H. Vaughan. 

granti — Malimbus malimbicus granti Bannerman, \943 . . .61 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 64 : 6. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1909.8.5.228. Ndalla Tando, north Angola, West Africa, 12 Dec. 
1908. Collected by and purchased of W. J. Ansorge. 

granti — N eocossy pirns granti Boyd KXtxandtr, \9Q'& .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 23 : 15. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.2088. Beritio, Welle River, 14 Feb. 1906. Collected 
by Boyd Alexander on the Alexander-Gosling Expedition. Boyd 
Alexander Bequest. 

granti — Pellorneum ruficeps granti Har'mgion, \9\3 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 33:81. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1886.10.1.1421. Mynall, Travancore, 10 March 1877. Hume 
Collection. 

granti — Pvrenestes granti ^hav^pt, \90^ .60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 21 : 67. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1905.12.29.1129. Beira, Portuguese East Africa, 27 Dec. 1908. 
Collected by C. H. B. Grant. Presented by C. D. Rudd. 

granti — Rhipidura rufifrons granti Uartert, 191S . 37A 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 38 : 60. New name for R. barterti Ogilvie- 
Grant, 1915 (q.v.), on the grounds of its preoccupation by R. 
flabellifera barterti Mathews, 1912. Since this is a new name the 
type specimen designated by Hartert for it has no type status. 

granvilii — Melocicbla mentalis granviki C. H. B. Grant and Mack- 

worth-Paed, 1941 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 62 : 31. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1912.10.15.954. Wardji, (1,700', on label), Jimma, South-west 
Abyssinia, 3 May 1905. Collected by P. C. Zaphiro. Presented 
by W. N. Macmillan. 

gratiosus — Mecocerculus gratiosus P. L. Sclater, 1 862 ... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1862 : 113. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.85. Highlands of Ecuador. Collected for J. Gould. 
Sclater Collection. 

grayi — Cbaetops grayi Sharpe, 1 869 . . .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1869 : 163, pi. 14. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 



greyi 215 

no. 1876.5.23.576. Omaruru River, Damaraland, 30 Oct. 1966. 
Collected by C. J. Andersson. Sharpe Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 (1883) : 350. 
The second syntype referred to in the description is also in the 
collection. 

grayi — Cisticola grayi Walden, 1 872 . . . . . .35 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 9 : 400. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.4.20.450. Celebes. Collected by Dr. Meyer. Tweeddale 
Collection. 
The specimen is in poor condition. 

grayi — Nectarinia grayi Wallace, 1 865 . . .46 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1865 : 479. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1873.5.12.821. Tondano, North Celebes, 1859. Collected by 
A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

This specimen was listed as the type by Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. 
Mus., 9 (1884) : 67. There are several other syntypes in the 
collection. 

grayi — Todopsis grayi Wallace, 1 862 . . . .36 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1862 : 166. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1873.5.12.712. Sorong Mountains, North-west New Guinea, 
1861. Collected by Allen. Wallace Collection. 
The tail is incomplete. 

grayi — Zosterops grayi Wallace, 1 864 . . . . .47 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863 (publ. 1864) : 494. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1873.5.12.900. Ke Island, Molucca Group, 1857. Col- 
lected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

graysoni — Quiscalus graysoni P. L. Sclater, ISS4 . . .57 

Ibis, (5) 2 : 157. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1885.11.2.638. 
Mazatlan, north-west Mexico. Collected by A. J. Grayson. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

greenwayi—ErythropygiabarbatagreenwayiMoTeau,l93S . . 31 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 58 : 64. Holotype, Adult Male. Reg. no. 
1938.1.4.1. Kange, Mafia Island, Tanganyika, 11 Aug. 1937. 
Collected for and presented by R. E. Moreau. 

gregoriana — Oreocincla gregoriana Hume, IS13 . . .31 

Stray Feathers, 1 : 437. Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. 
no. 1886.7.8.3378. Ceylon. Collected by Nevil. Hume Col- 
lection. 

Hume used Nevil's MS name. 

greyi — Poeoptera greyi Jackson, 1 899 . . . .62 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 8 : 50. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1899. 
8.13.2. Nandi, 6,000', Equatorial Africa, 19 May 1898. Col- 
lected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 



216 grimwoodi 

grimwoodl — Cossypha polioptera grimwoodi C. M. N. White, 1954 . 31 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 74 : 88. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1954.34.1. Source of the Zambesi River, Mwinilunga district. 
Northern Rhodesia, 23 July 1954. Collected and presented by 
Major I. R. Grimwood. 

grisauris — Cinclosoma grisauris Wodgson, 1836 .... 32B 
Asiat. Res., 19 : 147. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1843.1.13.563. 
Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 (1883) : 442. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

griscomi — Spinas iwtatus griscomi \dLXvKos>sem, \92)'& . . .59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 58 : 135. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1899.2.1.619. Volcan de Colima, Jalisco, Mexico, 31 Dec. 1889. 
Collected by W. B. Richardson. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

grisea — Scotocerca inquieta grisea Bates, 1936 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 57 -.21. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1935.1.5.289. Mafraq Buraim, 4,000', eastern edge of Taif 
Plateau, Arabia, 16 Nov. 1934. Collected and presented by Col. 
H. B. Philby. 

griseata — lantliocincla subunicolor griseata Rothschild, \92i . . 32B 
Novit. Zool., 28 : 33. Holotype, Adult (male on label, female in 
text). Reg. no. 1921.4.21.225. Shweli-Salwin Divide, 10,000', 
Yunnan, Aug. 1919. Collected by G. Forrest and presented by 
Stephenson Clarke. 

griseatus — Myiolestes griseatus G. R. Gray, \S5S .39 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 180. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1850.7.20.194. Cape York, Australia. Collected by J. 
Macgillivray. Presented by Captain R. Stanley RN, from the 
voyage of H.M.S. Rattlesnake. 
The syntype from Dunk Island is also in the collection. 

griseicapillus — Lanius collurioides griseicapillus Delacour, 1926 . 23 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 47 : 13. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1926.9.8.12. Xieng-Khouang, Laos, 21 Dec. 1925. Collected by 
J. Delacour on the Second Franco-British Expedition to French 
Indo china. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

griseiceps — Basileuterus griseiceps P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1868 . 54 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1868 : 170. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1 884.5. 1 5.437. Caripe, Venezuela, June 1 867. Collected by A. 
Goering. Sclater Collection. 

griseiceps — Catharus griseiceps SaWm, IS66 . . .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1866 : 68. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1885.3.2.44. Sante Fe, Veragua, 1864. Collected by E. Arce. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There is also a female syntype in the collection. 



griseigularis 2 1 7 

griseiceps — Criniger griseiceps Hume, 1873 . . . . .21 

Stray Feathers, 1 : 478. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886. 
9.1.1443. East Pegu Hills, 15 April 1873. Collected by E. W. 
Oates. Hume Collection. 

There is another syntype in the collection. 

griseiceps — Pacliycephala griseiceps G. R. Gray, 1858 . 39 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 178. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1858.3.10.70. Aru Islands. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 

griseiceps — Piprites griseiceps SaUin, 1865 ..... 8 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1864 (Publ. 1865) : 583. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1888.1.20.10. Tucurrique, Costa Rica. Collected by E. 
Arce. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

griseiceps — Platvrhvnchus griseiceps Salvin, 1897 .... 9 
Bull. Brit. Oni. CI., 7:15. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1896. 
11.27.30. Aunai, (Ourumee, on label). British Guiana, 9 Oct. 
1890. Collected by H. Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

griseiceps — Saxicola griseiceps Blanford & Dresser, 1874 . . 31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1874 : 233, pi. 37. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1876.5.23.415. Colesberg, South Africa. Collected by 
T. C. Atmore. Sharpe Collection. 

Listed as type by Seebohm, Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 5 (1881) : 379. 

griseiceps — Tyranniscus griseiceps P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1871 9 

Proc. zool'. Soc. Lond., 1870 (publ. 1871) : 841. Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1888.1.13.497. Babahoyo, Ecuador (Aug. 1859, on label). 
Collected by L. Eraser. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mits., 14 (1888) : 134. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

griseigula — Cameroptera griseigula Sharps, 1892 . .35 

Ibis, (6) 4 : 158. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1893.12.1.25. 
Voi River, Teita, Kenya, 10 Dec. 1888. Collected and presented 
by F. J. Jackson. 

griseigularis — Alseonax griseigularis Jackson, 1906 . .37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 19 : 19. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1907.6.19.3. Kibiran, Toro, Uganda (3 Oct. 1905, on label). Col- 
lected and presented as the type by F. J. Jackson. 

griseigularis — Coryttiocichla griseigularis Delacour & Jabouille, 1928 328 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 48 : 131. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1928.6.26.6. Bokor, 1,000 metres, south Cambodia, 8 Dec. 1927. 
Collected by J. Delacour and P. Jabouille on the Fourth Franco- 
British Expedition to Indochina. 



2 1 8 griseigularis 

griseigularis — Elainea griseigularis P. L. Sdater, IS59 ... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1858 (publ. 1859) : 554, pi. 146. Holotype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1888.1.13.563. Riobamba, Ecuador, June 
1858. Collected by L. Fraser. Sclater Collection. 

griseigularis — Passer griseigularis Sharpe, ISSS . . .61 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 : 313. Holotype, Immature male. Reg. 
no. 1 88 1 . 1 2. 1 . 1 54. Kandahar, Cashmere, 9 April 1 88 1 . Collected 
and presented by R. Swinhoe. 

griseigularis — Pyctorhis griseigularis Hume, ISll . . . . 32B 

Stray Feathers, 5 :116. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1886.10.1. 
4697. Bhutan Doars, Sikkim, Jan. 1873. Collected by L. 
Mandelli. Hume Collection. 

griseipectus — Thryothorus griseipectus Sharpe, 1881 . . .28 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 6:236, pi. 15. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no, 1869.4.10.3. Nauta, Loreto, Peru. Collected by and 
purchased of E. Bartlett. 

griseipectus — Vanga griseipectus SheWey, \9\2 . .24 

Birds of Africa, 5 : 194, pi. 50. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1875.4.9.403. Saralahan, south Madagascar. Collected by 
Crossley. Sharpe Collection. 
There is also a female syntype in the collection. 

griseisticta — Hemichelidongriseisticta Swinhoe, IS61 . . .37 

Ibis, (1) 3 : 330. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1897.7.2.254. 
Amoy, South China, 19 May 1859. Collected by R. Swinhoe. 
Seebohm Collection. 

This specimen was labelled as the type when received and was the 
first specimen collected; but the author did not designate a type and 
other specimens, which may have been available, are in the 
collection. 

griseistriata — Cossypha griseistriata Sharpe, 1902 . . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 13:8. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1902.12.8.9. Near Kangow's, Toro, west Uganda, 11 March 1902. 
Collected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

griseiventer — Hemixus tickelli griseiventer Robinson & Kloss, 1919 21 
Ibis, (11) 1 : 568. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919.12.20.235. 
Langbian Peaks, 5,500-7,500', south Annam, 13 April 1918. Col- 
lected by C. B. Kloss and presented by the latter and H. C. 
Robinson. 

This is the authors' selected male. Their selected female syntype 
is also in the collection. 

griseiventris — Eupectes macrocercus griseiventris E. C. S. Baker, 1917 32A 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 38 : 8. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1916. 
12.27.639. Tung Song Peninsular, Siam, 17 Sept. 1915. Collected 
and presented by E. G. Herbert. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 



griseomurina 219 

griseiventris — Zosferops gn'seiventris Sdater, ISS3 . .47 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1883 : 199. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1883.5.30.66. Larat Island, Timor Laut, Tenimber Group, 
19 Sept. 1882. Collected by H. O. Forbes. Presented by the 
British Association Committee of the Timor Laut Expedition. 

This specimen was listed as the type by Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. 
Mus., 9 (1884) : 175. There are several other syntypes in the 
collection. 

griseocularis — Sublegatus griseocularis P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1876 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1876 : 17. Syntype, Adult (male, on label). 
Reg. no. 1888.1.13.653. Maranura, 4,000', Urubamba, Peru, 
(23 Sept. 1874, on label). Collected by H. Whitely. Sclater 
Collection. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 

griseogenys — Leucosticte griseogenys Gould, \M3) . . .59 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1843 : 104. Holotype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1844.1.23.5. Vicinity of Sitka, Russian 
America, {vide Gould, in Hinds, Zoology of the voyage of H. M.S. 
Sulphur 1836-42 (1844) : 49). Collected by Dr. Hinds. Presented 
by J. Gould. 

griseogularis — Anthothreptus griseogularis Tweeddale, \81S . 46 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1877 (publ. 1878) : 830. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1888.7.1.631. Surigao, north Mindanao, PhiUp- 
pines. May 1877. Collected by A. H. Everett. Tweeddale 
Collection. 
The two other syntypes are in the collection. 

griseogularis— Morta/-c//agmeo^M/om G. R. Gray, 1858 . . 38 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 177. Holotype, male (immature, 
vide Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 (1879) : 423). Reg. no. 1858. 
3.10.51. Aru Islands, 1857. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 

griseogularis — Pachyrhamphus griseogularis Salvin and Godman 

1883 7 

Ibis, (5) 1 : 208. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1888.1.20.471. 
Roraima, British Guiana, (8 Dec. 1881, on label). Collected by H. 
Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

gn^oguXiitis— Pericrocotus griseogularis S>Wir\h.ot,\%62 . . 20 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1862 : 282. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1863.2.16.12. North Formosa. Collected by R. Swinhoe and 
purchased of S. Stevens. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

griseomurina — Synallaxis griseomurina P. L. Sclater, ISS2 . . 3 

Proc. zool. Soc Lond., 1882 : 578, pi. 43. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1889.5.14.95. San Lucas, Ecuador. Collected by Villagomez 
for C. Buckley. Salvin-Godman Collection. 



220 griseonota 

griseonota — Paclircepliala griseonota G. R. Gray, IS62 . . 39 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 (publ. 1862) : 429. Holotype, male 
(adult, vide Ogilvie-Grant, Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 25 (1910) : 96). Reg. 
no. 1861.12.11.63. Mysol Island, Moluccas (=Ceram, vide 
Ogilvie-Grant, op. cit.). Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace 
Collection. 

griseonota — Zosterops griseonota G. R. Gray, \S59 . . .47 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 : 161. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1859.4.19.5. Island of Nu, Port de France, New Caledonia. 
Collected by J. Macgillivray. Purchased of Cuming. 
A female syntype is also in the collection. 

griseonucha — Grallaria griseomicha P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1870 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1870 : 786. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1889.9.20.626. Paramo of La Culata, Merida, Venezuela, 
Sept. 1869. Collected by A. Goering. Sclater Collection. 

griseorufescens — Corvdalla griseorufescens Hume, IS70 . . . 19 
Ibis, (2) 6 : 286. 'Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1887.2.1.2837. 
Almorah, India, 29 Aug. 1868. Collected by W. E. Brooks. 
Hume Collection. 

griseotincta — Yiiliina gularis griseotincta Rothschild, 1921 . . 32B 

Novit. Zool., 28:42. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1921. 
7.15.338. Shweli-Salwin Divide, 10-11,000', 25"40' N., Yunnan, 
June 1919. Collected by G. Forrest and presented by Stephenson 
Clarke. 

griseotincta — Zosterops griseotincta G. R. Gray, \S5S . .47 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 175. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1851.10.11.13. Louisade Archipelago, New Guinea. Col- 
lected and presented by J. Macgillivray, from the voyage of H. M.S. 
Rattlesnake. 

grisescens — Clytorhvnchus grisescens Sharpe, IS99 . . .38 
Bull. Brit. Orn.' CI., 10:29. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1900. 
1.10.34. Hoy Head, Espiritu Santo Island, New Hebrides (16 
Sept. 1899, on label). Collected and presented by Capt. A. M. 
Farquhar, RN, from the voyage of H.M.S. Wallaroo. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

grisescens — Drvmocataphus tickelli grisescens Ticehurst, 1932 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 53 : 18. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1932.10.20.2. Nyaunggyo stream, 2,500', Taungup-Prome road, 
Arakan Yoma, Burma, 13 April 1929. Collected and presented 
by J. K. Stanford. 

grisescens — Mirafra grisescens Sharpe, 1902 . .17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 12 : 62. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1879.9.7.225. Tibakai's Vley, Matabele Land (18°52' S., 26°18' E., 
vide Gates, Matabele Land and Victoria Falls, 1881 : 317), 19 Dec. 
1874. Collected by F. Gates and presented by W. & C. Gates. 



guatemalensis 221 

grisescens — Rhvnchocvclus grisescens Chuhh, 1910 ... 9 
Ibis, (9) 4 :'588. "Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1905.10. 
12.640. Sapucay, Paraguay, 29 March 1903. Collected by and 
purchased of W. Foster. 

griseus — Pastor griseiis Horsfidd, 1821 . . . . .62 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 154. Holotype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4532. Java. Between 1811-1816. 
Presented by the Honourable East India Company Museum as the 
type. 

griseus — Sittasonms griseus idiXdinQ, 1847 ..... 2 
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (1) 19 : 82. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1886.6.24.443. Tobago. Collected by Kirk. Jardine Col- 
lection; purchased of Gerrard. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

grisiventris — Sitta europaea grisiventris Kinnear, 1920 . . .43 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 40 : 142. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1905. 

9.10.488. Mount Victoria, Chin Hills, Burma, 24 March 1904. 
Collected and presented by G. Rippon. 

grotei — Serinus mozambicus grotei W. L. Sclater and Mackworth- 

Praed, 1931 59 

Ibis, (13) 1 : 581. New name for 5. m. aurifrons W. L. Sclater and 
Mackworth-Praed, 1918, (^.v.). on the grounds of its preoccupation 
by Emberizal [—Serinus\ aurifrons Blyth, 1847. 

gualanensis — Icterus gualanensis C ¥. \]ndtxv^ood, \%9^ . . 57 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 7 : 59. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1898.12.15.1136. Gualen (on Motagua River), east Guatemala, 
11 July 1897. Collected by C. F. Underwood. Salvin-Godman 
Collection. 

Now regarded as a mutant from of/, c. chrysater, vide Griscom, 
Bull. Amer. Mus. Nat. Hist. 64 (1932) : 394. 

gualaquizae — Pogonotriccus gualaquizae P. L. Sclater, 1887 . . 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1887 : 48. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.337. Gualaquiza, Ecuador, Jan. 1858. Collected by L. 
Eraser. Sclater Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

guatemalae — Setophaga picta guatemalae Sharpe, 1885. 54 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 : 417. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1880.12.31.42. Guatmala. Collected by T. Bridges. Eyton 
Collection. 

guatemalensis — Chloroplianes guatemalensis P. L. Sclater, 1861 51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 : 129. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1884.7.31.126. Guatemala, (Choctum, Vera Paz. Collected 
by O. Salvin, vide Sclater; Catalogue of a collection of American 
birds (1862) : 52). Sclater Collection. 
A female syntype is also in the collection. 



222 guayabambae 

guayabambae — Mvrnwtherula guayabambae Sharpe, 1900 . . 4 

Bull. Br. Om.' CI., 11:2. Holotype. Adult female. Reg. no. 
1899.6. 10.207. Guayabamba ( = Huayabamba), 4,000', north Peru, 
26 Aug. 1894. Collected by O. T. Baron. Salvin-Godman 
Collection. 

guerrerensis — Aimophila acuminata guerrerensis van Rossem, 1938 . 49 
Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 58 : 128. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1899.2.1.3664. Acaguazotla, 3,500 ft., Guerrero, Mexico, 18 Oct. 
1888. Collected by D. W. Smith. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

guerrerensis — Automolus guerrerensis Salvin & Godman, 1891 3 

Biol. Centr.-Amer., Aves, 2 : 157. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1899.6.1.109. 8,000', Omilteme, near Chilpancingo, Guerrero, 
Mexico, July 1888. Collected by Mrs H. H. Smith. 

There is a female syntype in the collection; the male specimen was 
fully described and could be regarded as the holotype. 

guerrerensis — Certhiafamiliaris guerrerensis van Rossem, 1939 . 44A 

Froc. Biol. Sac. Washington 52 : 5. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1892.1.11.56. (not 1899 as stated in description). Omilteme 
(8,000', on label), Guerrero, Mexico, July 1 888. Collected by D. W. 
Smith. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

guerrerensis — Lepidocolaptes souleyetii guerrerensis van Rossem, 

1939 2 

Proc. biol. Sac. Washington, 52 : 15. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1899.6.1.404. Rincon, Guerrero, Mexico, Oct. 1888. Collected 
by D. W. Smith (Mrs H. Smith). Salvin-Godman Collection. 

guerrerensis — Pipilo torquatus guerrerensis van Rossem, 1938. . 49 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 58 : 131. Holotype, Adult, probably male. 
Reg. no. 1899.2.1.3849. Omilteme, 8,000', Guerrero, Mexico, 
July. Collected by D. W. Smith. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

guerrerensis — Troglodytes brunneicollis guerrerensis van Rossem, 

1938 28 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 59 : 12. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1890. 
12.20.574. Omilteme, 8,000', Guerrero, Mexico, July 1888. Col- 
lected by D. W. Smith. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

guentheri — M vzomela guentheri Gadov^, \%%A .48 

Cat. Bcls. Brit. Mus., 9 : 129, pi. 3. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1882.7.5.28. New Britain, Dec. 1880. Collected by W. 
Kleinschmidt. Purchased of GodeflFroy Brothers of Hamburg. 
The two female syntypes are also in the collection. 

guillelmi — Alauda arvensis guillelmi Witherhy,\92l .17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 41 : 69. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1924.12.20.5. Bom Jesus, 1,500', Braga, north Portugal, 29 May 
1920. Collected and presented by H. F. Witherby. 



guineensis 223 

guianensis — Dendrocincla longicaucia guianensis Chuhh, 1919 . 2 

Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 39 : 61. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1889.5. 
14.790. Bartica Grove, British Guiana, 20 Dec. 1880. Collected 
by H. Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

guianensis — Rhynchocyclus olivaceus guianensis McConnell, 1911 9 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 27 : 106. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1922. 
3.5.2638. (Abary River, on label), British Guiana, (Sept. 1906, 
on label). Collected by F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 

guimarasensis — Cinnyris guimarasensisSiQQVQ,\'&90 .46 

List of Birds and Mammals collected by the Steere Expedition to the 
Philippines, : 22. Syntype. Adult male. Reg. no. 1896 6.6.462. 
Guimaras, Philippines, 24 Dec. Collected by J. B. Steere. Steere 
Collection. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

guimarasensis — lole guimarasensis Steere, IS90 . . . .21 
List of the Birds & Mammals collected by the Steere Expedition to 
the Philippines : 19. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1896.6.6.312. 
Guimaras, Philippines, 30 Dec. 1887. Collected by and purchased 
of J. B. Steere, (reprinted in Ibis, (6) 3 (1891) : 313). 

guinanensis — Philydor erythrocercus guinanensis Chuhh, 1919 . . 3 
Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 39 : 60. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1922.3.5.2443. Ituribisi River, British Guiana, 1909. Collected 
by F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 

guinea — Cisticola ruficeps guinea Lynes, 1930 . . .35 

Ibis, (12) 6, Supplement : 542. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.2528. Kintampo, Ashanti Province, Gold Coast, May 
1902. Collected and presented by Boyd Alexander. 

guineae — Fraseria cinerascens guineae Bannerman, 1922 . . 37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 42 : 69. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1910.5.6.516. Gunnal, Portuguese Guinea, West Africa, 30 May 
1909. Collected by and purchased of W. J. Ansorge. 

guineensis — Cyanomitra obscura guineensis Bannerman, 1 92 1 .46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 41 : 135. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.18.291. Nanna Kru, Liberia, 1 Jan. 1911. Collected by 
W. P. Lowe. Presented by Capt. E. C. Hardy, RN. 

guineensis— Ge/*>'g^o«e chrysogaster guineensis Mathews, 1 928 . 36 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 48 :91. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.20.1124. Wakatimi, Mimika River, Dutch New Guinea, 
10 May 1911. Collected by C. H. B. Grant. Presented by the 
subscribers to the British Ornithologists Union Expedition to Dutch 
New Guinea. 

guineensis — Parus leucomelas guineensis Shelley, 1 900 . . .42 

Birds of Africa 2 : 222, 229. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1876.5.23. 
470. Volta River, Gold Coast. Collected by Ussher. Sharpe 
Collection. 
The other syntype is in the collection. 



224 guirina 

guirina — Nemosia guirina F. L. Sclater, IS56 . .51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1856 : 110. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.5.12.797. Bogota, Colombia. Collected for S. Stevens. 
Sclater Collection. 

Listed with another specimen as the types by Sclater, Catalogue 
of a collection of American birds (1862) : 87. 

gularis — Calornis gularis G. R. Gray, \S6l . .62 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 :431. Holotype, Adult female. 
(vide Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 142). Reg. no. 
1873.5.12.1901. Mysol, 1860. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 

gularis — Campylorhynchus gularis P. L. Sclater, 1860 . .28 

Proc. zool. Soc, Lond., 1860 : 462. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1886.9.15.18. Mexico. Collected by Floresi (vide Hellmayr, 
Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 1 (1934) : 151). Sclater Col- 
lection ; obtained by Sclater from J. Gould. 

gularis — Cicblopsis gularis SaWxn 8l Godman, \%%1 . . .31 
Ibis, (4) 6:76. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1885.3.2.541. 
Merume Mountains, British Guiana, 22 June 1881. Collected by 
H. Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The two female syntypes are also in the collection. 

gularis — /a/;//70(r//zc/a g^w/ara McClelland, 1840 . 32B 

in Horsfield, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1839 (publ. 1840) : 159. 
Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4366. 
Assam. Collected by J. McClelland and presented by the Honour- 
able East India Company Museum. 

gularis — Lanius gularis Raffles, 1 822 . .20 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 (1821, publ. 1822) : 304. Holotype, 
Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.2137. Sumatra (re- 
stricted to Benkulen, west Sumatra, by Kinnear and Robinson, 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 47 (1927) : 130). Collected by Sir Stamford 
Raffles and presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 

gularis — Linaria gularis Smith, 1836 .59 

Report of the Expedition for exploring Central Africa, 1834 : 49. 
Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1845.7.6.141. South 
Africa. Collected by and purchased of A. Smith. 

There are two other syntypes in the collection, and others are at 
Philadelphia, vide Stone, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci., Philadelphia, 1889 : 
562. 

gularis — Mcaror gw/om Finsch & Hartlaub, 1870 .21 

Die Vogel Ost-Afrikas, : 360. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1860. 
12.31.194. Shupanga, Zambesi River (east of the mouth of Shire 
River, Portuguese East Africa, fide C. H. B. Grant, MS). Col- 



gurneyi 225 

lected by John Kirk of the Livingstone Expedition and received 
from Lord Russell of the Foreign Office. 

The authors stated Shupanga to be the type locality. The speci- 
men from Tette on the Rivi River, listed as type by Gadow, Cat. 
Bds. Brit. Mus., 8 (1883) : 167 is also in the collection. 

gularis — Oroecestes gularis Swinhoe, 1 862 . . . .31 

Proc. zoo I. Soc. LoncJ., 1862 : 318. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1898.9.1.1998. Tientsin, China. Collected by Fleming. 
Seebohm Bequest. 

gularis — Paradoxornis gularis G. R. Gray, \S45 . .33 

The Genera of Birds, 2 : 389, pi. 94. Holotype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4489. Bhutan. Presented by the 
Honourable East India Company Museum; from the Pemberton 
Collection. 

See also Gould, Birds of Asia, vol. 3, pt. 6 (1854) : pi. 77. Gray 
used Horsfield's MS name. 

gularis — Turdiis gularis Horsfield, 1821 . . .21 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 150. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1860.4.16.190. Java. Presented by the Honourable East India 
Company Museum. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 6 (1881) : 79. 
There is another syntype, in poor condition, in the collection. 

gularis — Yulu'na gularis Hodgson, IS36 .... . 32B 

Asiat. Res., 19 : 166. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 
1843.1.13.166 Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. 
Hodgson. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

gulmergi — Hemichelidon sibirica gulmergi E. C. S. Baker, 1923 . 37 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 43 : 155. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1894.8.13.13. Gulmerg, Kashmir, 1 July 1893. Collected and 
presented by Dr. J. E. T. Aithison. 

gurneyi — Pitta gurneyi Humt, \%1 5 . . . . . .12 

Stray Feathers, 3 : 296, pi. 3. Syntype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1955. 6. N. 17.444. Tenasserim Province, Burma. 
Collected by W. Davison. Presented by the Norwich Castle 
Museum, having been received from J. H. Gurney. 

This specimen is labelled as the type. There are several other 
syntypes in the collection. 

gurneyi — Ploceus gurneyi Shelley, 1 887 . . . .61 

Ibis, (5) 5 : 17, pi. 1 Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1889.7.25.11. 
Caconda, Angola, July 1878. Collected by J. Anchieta. Shelley 
Collection, the specimen having been received from Barboza du 
Bocage. 



226 gurneyi 

gurneyi — Promerops gurneyi J. YerresLUX, IS7\ . .48 

Proc. zool. Soc.Lond., ISll : \35,p\.S. Syntype, Adult. Reg.no. 
1874.5.16.3. Natal, 1864. Collected by Ayres. Sharpe Collec- 
tion; a Verreaux specimen considered by Sharpe to be the type. 

Listed as the type by Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 9 (1884) : 284, 
but three specimens were referred to in the original description. 

gurue — Alethe atwmala gurue yincent,\933 .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 53 : 138. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1933.3.1.4. Hamuli Mountain, 5,600', Quelimane Province, Port- 
uguese East Africa, 28 July 1932. Collected by and purchased of J. 
Vincent. 

gustavi — Anthus gustavi Stv^inhoQ, \%61t . . . . .19 
Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1863 : 90. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1898.10.20.1220. Amoy, China. Seebohm Bequest. 
There are five other syntypes in the collection. 

guttata — Aethomyias guttata Sharpe, \SS2 . . . . .36 

J. Linn. Soc. Lond., Zool, 16 : 432. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1882.3.8.122. Choqeri District, Astrolabe Mountains, South-east 
New Guinea. Collected by A. Goldie. Purchased of E. Gerrard. 

guttata — Alauda guttata Brooks, 1^13 . . .17 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 41, pt. 2 (1872, publ. 1873) : 85. Syntype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1887.7.1.3259. Srinagar, Kashmir, 9 June 
1871. Collected by W. E. Brooks. Hume Collection. 
There are at least seven other syntypes in the collection. 

guttata — Chlamydera guttata GouM, 1862 . .69 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1862 : 162. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.27.37. North-western Australia. Collected by T. F. 
Gregory (vide Gould, Birds of Australia, Suppl. (1867) : pi. 35). 
Gould Collection. 

guttaticollis — Proparus guttaticollis Rickett & La Touche, 1897 32B 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 6 : 50. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1905.12. 
24.686. Kuatun, Fohkien Province, south-east China, Oct. 1896. 
Collected by C. B. Rickett and J. D. La Touche, and presented by 
the former. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

guttaticollis — Turdinulus guttaticollis Ogihie-Grant, 1895 .323 

Ibis, (7) 1 :432. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1895.7.14.649. Miri 
Hills, north of Sadiya, northern Assam. Collected by W. Robert. 
H. H. Godwin-Austen Collection. 
The three other syntypes are also in the collection. 

guttatus — Dryoscopus guttatus Hartlauh, 1865 . . . .23 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1865 : 86. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1873.12.10.165. Benguela, Angola. Collected by and purchased 
of J. J. Monteiro. 



habessinicus 227 

guttatus — Enicurus guttatus Gould, 1865 . . . . .31 
Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1865 : 664. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1881.5.1.2470. Eastern Himalayas. Collected by E. Blyth (vide 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) : 317). Gould Collection. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

guttatus — Salpinctes guttatus Sd\y\n &. GodmdLXX, \%9\ . .28 

Ibis, (6) 3 :609. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897.10.1.246. 
Volcan de San Miguel, 4,000', Salvador, 28 March 1891. Collected 
by W. Richardson. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

guttuligera — Thripophaga guttuligera V. L. Sclater, 1864 . . 3 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1864 : 167. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1889.5.20.306. Bogota, Colombia. Collected for Verreaux. 
Sclater Collection. 

gutturalis — Conopophaga gutturalisV.L.Sdater,lS6S ... 5 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1868 : 574. Holotype, Adult (female, vide 
Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 332). Reg. no. 1889.9. 
20.665. Bogota, Colombia. Sclater Collection. 

tturalis — Falcunculus gutturalis Vigors and Horsfield, IS27 . 39 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15 : 212. Holotype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1863.7.7.17. "Kent's Group", Australia. Dec. 
1803. Collected by R. Brown. Presented by the Linnean Society. 
The upper mandible is damaged. 

gutturalis — Myrmotherula gutturalis P. L. Sclatev, ISSl . . 4 

Ibis, (4) 5 :269. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1889.9.20.254. 
Bartica Grove, British Guiana, 13 Jan. 1880. Collected by H. 
Whitely. Sclater Collection. 

There are five other syntypes in the collection. 

gutturalis — Phoenicothraupis gutturalis P. L. Sdater, IS54 . . 51 
Hnn. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 13 : 25. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1853.5.2.7. Colombia? Purchased of Parzudaki. 

gymnogenys — Crateropus gymnogenys Hartlauh, 1865 . 32B 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1865 : 86. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1873.12.10.180. Benguela, Angola. Collected and presented by 
J. J. Monteiro. 

habeli — Camarhynclms habeli P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1870 . 53 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1870 : 325, fig. 4. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1885.12.14.546. Abingdon Island, Galapagos Archi- 
pelago, (14 Dec. 1868, on label). Collected by A. Habel. Salvin- 
Godman Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

habc'ssinicus Pyhlloscopus habessinicus Blanford, 1 869 . . 35 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 4 : 329. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 



228 hachisuka 

1869.10.16.80. (Senafo, on label), Abyssinia. Collected by W. T. 
Blanford. Presented by the Government of Bombay. 

Seebohm, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 5 (1873) : 63, listed the female 
syntype, which is also in the collection, as the type. 

hachisuka — Cvrtostoimis frenatits hacliisuka Mathews, 1926 . 46 

Bull Brit.' Orn. CL, Al : 67. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.1.14.9. Obi Island, 27 May 1902. Collected by and received 
in exchange from G. M. Mathews. 

hadii — Geokichla piaggiae hadii MdLcdondLXA, \9AQ . . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 60 : 98. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1939.10.1.173. Emogadung, 7,200', Dongotona Mountains, south- 
east Sudan, 9 April 1939. Collected by J. D. Macdonald for the 
British Museum (Natural History). 

haemalea — Pvrau^a haeiualea S?LWim.\\d Godivm.\\, 1883 51 

Ibis, (5) r:205. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1885.6.7.421. 
Roraima, British Guiana, 4 Jan. 1882. Collected by H. Whitely, 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

haematonota — Formicivora haematoiiota P. L. Sclater, 1857 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1857 : 48. Holotype, (Juvenile male, v/c/e 
Hellmayr, Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 3 (1924) : 146). Reg. 
no. 1855.12.17.43. Chamicuros, east Peru. Collected by J. 
Hauxwell. Gould Collection. 

haematopygia — Montifringilla haematopygia Gould, 1853 . . 59 

Proc. zool. soc. Lond., 1851 (publ. 1853): 115. Syntype, Adult 
(relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1851.7.2.20. Tibet. Collected and 
presented by Lord GiflFord. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

haematostictum — Dicaeum haematostictum Sharpe, 1876 . 45 

Nature, 14:298. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1876.8.28.46. 
Guimaras, Philippines. Collected by and purchased of J. B. Steere. 
as "one of the types". 

haesitata — Drymoeca haesitata P. L. Sclater and Hartlaub, 1881 . 35 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1881 : 166. Holotype, Male. Reg. no. 
1881.3.21.16. Socotra (23 March 1880, on label). Collected by 
Prof. Balfour. Presented by the British Association. 

hainana — Siphia hainana Ogilvie-Grant, 1900 37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 10 : 36. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1900.1.2.84. Five Finger Mountains, Hainan, (7 May 1899, on 
label). Collected by J. Whitehead. Purchased of E. Gerrard. 

This is the described male. The described female syntype is also 
in the collection. 



haniertoni 229 

hainanum — Dicaeum cruentatuin hainanwn Hachisuka, 1926 . 45 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., Al : 69. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1898.10.20.27. Hainan, China, May 1898. Collected by R. 
Swinhoe. Seebohm Collection. 

hainanus — Ixus hainanus '&vjm]\ot, 1870 .21 

Ibis, (2) 6:253. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1898.10.2.161. 
Naochow Island, 40 miles from Hainan Island, China, Feb. 1868. 
Collected by R. Swinhoe. Seebohm Collection. 

hainanus — Tephrodornis hainanus Ogilvie-Grant, 1910 . .20 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1910; Abstract no. 81 : 18 (after p. 588). 
Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1909.8.30.29. Seven-Fingers 
Mountains, central Hainan, 17 Nov. 1906. Collected and presented 
by R. Douglas. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

hallae — Acrocephalus boeticatus hallae C. M.N. White, I960 . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 80:21. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1950.50.564. Brandberg Mountains, 2,500', South-west Africa, 
11 April 1950. Collected by J. D. Macdonald. Presented by the 
British Museum South-West Africa Expedition. 

hallae— Anthus similis hallae C. M. N. White, 1957 . . . 19 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 77 : 30. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1923.8.7.2494. Lake Karange, Ankole, Uganda, 13 Dec. 1910. 
Collected by T. V. Fox and presented by Col. S. R. Clarke. 

hallae — Cisticola fulvicapilla hallae, Benson, 1955 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 75 : 105. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1932.5.5.84. Tsotoroghe Pan, North-eastern Bechuanaland, 26 
June 1930. Collected for the Verney-Lang Kalahari Expedition. 
Presented by A. S. Verney. 

hallae — Criniger ochraceus hallae Deignan, 1956 . . . .21 

Smiths. Misc. Coll., 134 (2) : 6. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1928.6.26.834. 1 1°18' N., 106°07' E., Tay Ninh Province, Cochin- 
China, 15 Jan. 1928. Collected by J. Delacour and W. P. Lowe 
on the Fourth Franco-British Expedition to Indo-China. 

hamadryas — Rhipidura hamadryas P. L. Sdater, \^S3 . 37A 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1883 : 54. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1883.5.30.86. Larat Island, Tenimber Group (11 August 
1882, on label). Collected by H. O. Forbes. Presented by the 
Timor-Laut Committee of the British Association. 

hamertoni — Alaemon haniertoni Witherby, 1905 .17 

/his, (8) 5 : 513. Holotypi:, Adult male. Reg. no. 1908.5.28.109. 
Obbia, east coast of Somaliland, 13 Jan. 1903. Collected by and 
purchased of A. E. Hamcrton. 



230 hamertoni 

hamertoni — Ervthropvgia hamertoni Ogihie-Grant, 1906 31 

Bull. Br. On). CI., 19 : 24. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1908.5. 
28.62. Beira, Somaliland, 14 May 1903 ("120 miles north-west of 
Obbia" on label). Collected by and purchased of A. E. Hamerton. 

hanadori — Dicaeiini dorsale lianadori Hachisnka, \94l . .45 

Tori, 11, nos. 51-2:87. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1895.11.19.41. Siasi, Sula Archipelago, 4 Feb. 1895. Collected by 
A. H. Everett. Purchased of E. Gerrard. 

See also Salomonsen, Amer. Miis. Novit., 1991 (1960) : 35. 

hanapepe — Hemignatlius lianapepe V^ihon, ]889 . .55 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. (6), 4 : 401. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1898.10.20.2. Kauai. (Hanapepe, 3,000'. vide Ibis, (6) 2 
(1890) : 192), Sandwich Islands, Sept. 1888. Collected and pre- 
sented by S. B. Wilson. 

Labelled "sp. n.". There are two other syntypes in the University 
Museum of Zoology, Cambridge. 

hancii — Oreocincla hancii Swinhoe, 1 863 . .31 

Ibis, (1) 5 :275. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1896.6.1.17. 

Camphor Hills, Formosa, 20 March 1862. Collected by Swinhoe's 
hunters. Seebohm Bequest. 

haplonota — Grallaria haplonota P. L. Sclater, 1 877 ... 4 
Ibis, (4) 1 :442. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1889.9.20.611. 
Venezuela, 1873. Collected by Spence. Sclater Collection. 

There is another syntype in the collection. The selected specimen 
is the one upon which the author's diagnosis was based, and as such 
could be regarded as the holotype. 

hardwickii — Garrulux leucoloplms hardwickii Ticehurst, 1926 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 46 : 113. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1895.7.14.2301. Naga Hills, Assam, 29 March 1876. Godwin- 
Austen Collection. 

hardyi — Apalis hardy i Bannerman, 1923 . . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 43 : 160. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1923. 
11.12.210. Bandama, Ivory Coast, West Africa, 29 Dec. 1922. 
Collected by W. P. Lowe and H. R. Hardy on the British Museum 
Expedition to the French Ivory Coast. 

hardyi — Sylviella hardyi Bannerman, I9\l . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 29 : 23. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.18.246. Sierra Leone, 8 March 1911. Collected by W. P. 
Lowe. Presented by Capt. E. C. Hardy, R.N. from his survey of 
the West coast of Africa. 

hariabica— ^//^a hariabica Whistler, 1944 43 

J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc., 44 : 516. Syntype, Adult male. Bian 
Khel, Afghanistan, 22 April 1879. Collected by R. G. Wardlaw- 
Ramsay. Tweeddale Collection. 
Whistler used a Wardlaw- Ramsay MS. name. 



harterti 231 

haringtoni — Acrocephalus agricola haringtoni 'Wkherby, 1920 . . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 41 : 26. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1924.12.20.8. Buttakundi, Kaghan, North-west India, 12 July 
1914. Collected by Col. H. H. Harington. Presented by H. F. 
Witherby. 

haringtoni — Anthiis trivialis haringtoni Witherby, 1917 . . . 19 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 37 : 44. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1924.12.19.2. Gittidas, 11,000', Kaghan Valley, North- West 
Frontier, India, 2 July 1914. Collected by H. H. Harington and 
received in exchange with H. F. Witherby. 

haringtoni — Garrulus haringtoni Rippon, 1905 .71 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 15 : 97. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1905.9. 
10.2. Mount Victoria, 5,200', south Chin Hills, 25 April 1904. 
Collected and presented by Col. G. Rippon. 

haringtoni — Pomatorhimis haringtoni E. C. S. Baker, 1914 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 33 : 124. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1886.10. 
1.3688. Mongphoo (on label), near Darjeeling, India, Feb. 1873. 
Hume Collection. 

harrisoni — Pvrrhulaucia harrisoni Ogilvie-Grant, 1900 . . .17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 11 : 30. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1901. 
3.15.18. 1,800'abovethesouthendof Lake Rudolf, 21 April 1900. 
Collected and presented by J. J. Harrison. 
The female syntype is in the collection. 

harterti — Acanthis cannabina harterti Bannerman, 19\3 . . 59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 33 : 39. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1913.10.22.27. Haria, (1,100', on label), Lanzarote, Eastern 
Canary Islands, 25 May 1913. 
Collected by and purchased of D. A. Bannerman. 

harterti — A laucla arvensis harterti V/hitaker, 1904 . . .17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 15 : 19. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1939.12.14.20. El Oubira, north Tunisia, May 1897. Presented by 
J. Whitaker. 

harterti — Amydrus fulgidus harterti Neumann, 1903 .62 

Orn. Mber., 11 : 183. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1873.5. 
24.21. Fort of Denera, Fantee, Gold Coast. Collected by St. 
T. D. Aubinn for Governor Ussher. Sharpe Collection. 

harterti — Cisticola cisticola harterti Wkherhy, \920 .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 40 : 120. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1924.12.19.3. Platea, Greece, 9 Dec. 1905. Collected by H. Lynes. 
Received in exchange from H. F. Witherby. 

harterti — Diaphorophyia ansorgei harterti Batea, \925 . . .38 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 46 : 105. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1926.8.8.8. Bitye, 2,000', Ja River, South Cameroon, 8 April 1925. 
Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 



232 harterti 

harterti — Malacocincla sepiaria harterti Chasen & Kloss, 1929 . 32B 
J. OriL, 1929 (2) : 1 16. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1947.60. 
49. Bettotan, near Sandakan, North Borneo, 25 July 1927. Col- 
lected by F. N. Chasen and C. B. Kloss and presented by the 
Raffles Museum, Singapore. 

harterti — Pnoepyga pusilla harterti Robinson & Kloss, 1918 . . 32B 

J. F. M. S. Mus., 8 : 205. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1927.4.18.1014. Gunong Ijau, 4,700', Larut Range, Perak, 
Federated Malay States, 16 Aug. 1909. Collected by C. B. Kloss 
and presented by H. C. Robinson & Kloss. 

harterti — Rhipichira harterti OgWwic-Grant, 1915 .... 37A 
Ibis, (10) 2, supplement : 149. Adult male. Reg. no. 1905.11.25. 
24. Rendova, Solomon Islands, 14 Feb. 1904. Collected by A. S. 
Meek. Purchased of Gerard. 

Renamed R. rufifrons granti by Hartert, 1918 on the grounds of its 
preoccupation by R. flabellifera harterti Mathews, 1912. 

harterti — Zosterops palpebrosa harterti Hach\suka, 1926 . . 47 

Bull. Brit. Orit. CI., 47 : 56. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1909.10.29.11. Nanto District, Central Formosa, March 1908. 
Collected by A. Moltrecht. Purchased of E. Gerrard. 

hartlaubii — Onychognathiis hartlaiibii Hart\auh, 1858 . . .62 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 291. Syntype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1851.11.27.12. Fernando Po. Collected by 
L. Fraser. Purchased of H. Cuming. 

Hartlaub used a G. R. Gray MS. name. Listed as type by Sharpe, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 166. There is a second syntype 
in the collection. 

hartleyi — Stachyris nigriceps hartleyi Chasen, 1935 . . . 32B 

Bull. Raffles Mus., 10 : 43. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1935.12.27.2. Mount Poi, 5,000', west Sarawak, Borneo, 20 Oct. 
1923. Collected by E. Mjoberg and presented by the Raffles 
Museum, Singapore. 

hauxwelli — Formicivora hauxwelli P. L. Sclater, 1857 ... 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1857 : 131, pi. 126. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1855.12.17.56. Chamicuros, east Peru. Collected by 
J. Hauxwell and purchased of J. Gould. 
The other syntype is in the collection. 

hauxwelli — Furnarius leocopus hauxwelli Chubb, 1918 . . . 3 

Bull. Br. Orii. CI., 38 : 87. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1889.5.20.28. Pebas, Rio Marafion, east Peru, 29 April 1867. 
Collected by J. Hauxwell. P. L. Sclater Collection. 

hauxwelli — Henicorhina leucosticta hauxwelli Chubb, 1920 28 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 40 : 156. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1885.3.6.211. Elvira, Rio Maraiion, east Peru, 9 Jan. 1877. 
Collected by J. Hauxwell. Salvin-Godman Collection. 



helenae 233 

hauxwelli — Icterus hauxwelli P. L. Sdater, 1^85 . . . .57 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loncl., 1885 :671. Holotype, Adult (now con- 
sidered immature). Reg. no. 1858.6.25.18. Chamicuros, East 
Peru. Collected by J. Hauxwell. Purchased of J. Gould. 

hauxwelli — Pipromorpha eleaginea hauxweUi Chubb, 1919 . 9 

Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., (9) 4 : 302. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.1.538. Pebas, eastern Peru, 18 July 1866. Collected 
by J. Hauxwell. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

hawkeri — Cinnyris mariquensis hawkeri Neumann, 1899 . 46 

Orn. Mber., 7 : 24. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1898.6.13.61. 
Jifa Medir, Somaliland. Collected and presented by R. Hawker. 

hawkeri — Granatina hawkeri Lort Phillips, 1898 . . .60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 8 : 23. Syntype, Adult (male, on label). Reg. 
no. 1895.7.12.74. Somaliland. (Bari, Shebeli River, on label.) 
Collected by and purchased of E. Lort Phillips. 
The two other syntypes are also in the collection. 

hawkeri — Saxicola hawkeri Ogilvie-Grant, 1908 . . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 21 : 94. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1903.8.5. 

23. Berber, Sudan, 28 Jan. 1902. Collected and presented by 
R. M. Hawker. 

hayii — Mirafra hayii Jerdon, 1 844 ...... 17 

Madr. J., 13 : 136. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1845.1.10.25. 
Madras (on label; Malabar and E. Ghauts in text). Collected and 
presented by T. C. Jerdon. 

Blyth, using Jerdon's ^5". name, also published a description, in 
J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 13 (1844) : 959, in the same year. 

haynesi — Crateropus haynesi ^\\?iX'pQ, \%1\ .... . 32B 

Ibis, (3) 1 :415. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1876.5.23.601. 
Accra, Gold Coast. Collected by Haynes. Sharpe Collection. 

hebridium — Prunella modularis hebridium R. Meinertzhagen, 1934 . 30 
Ibis, (13) 4:57. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1965.M.50. 
South Uist, Outer Hebrides, 17 Nov. 1920. Collected by R. 
Meinertzhagen. Meinertzhagen Collection. 

helenae — Cyanomyias helenae Steere, 1 890 . . . . .37 
List of birds and mammals collected on the Steere expedition to the 
Philippines : 16. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1896.6.6.183. 
Samar, Philippines, (Catbalogan, 8 April, on label). Collected by 
J. B. Steere on his second expedition, and purchased of him. 

This specimen was labelled as the type by the author. Hachisuka, 
Birds of the Philippine Islands 2 (1935) : 313, in referring to the type, 
quotes the date of another, immature, specimen. 

helenae — Laniarius helenae KdsixW, 1913 . .23 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 31 : 85. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1913.5.25.1. Small island off Bonthe, Sherbro Island, Sicrre Leone, 
30 Sept. 1912. Collected and presented by H. J. Kelsall. 



234 helenae 

helenae — Neopipo helenae McConneW, ]9\\ .... 8 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI.. 27 : 105. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1922.3. 
5.3093. Iturbisce, British Guiana, Oct. 1908. Collected and 
presented by F. V. McConnell. 

helenae — Serpophaga helenae Chubb, 1919 9 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 40:61. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1922.3.5.2709. Bartica Grove, British Guiana, 1912. Collected for 
F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection 

helenorae — Ereniomela helenorea Boyd Alexander, 1 899 . . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 8 : 48. Holotype, Adult (female, on label). 
Reg. no. 1911.12.23.2198. Mesanangue, Zambesi River (25 August 
189^8, on label). Collected by W. Boyd Alexander. Boyd 
Alexander Bequest. 

helenorae — Poliolais helenorae Boyd Alexander, 1903 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 13 -.36. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1911.12. 
23.2215. Bakaki, Fernando Po, 20 Nov. 1902. Collected by 
Boyd Alexander. Boyd Alexander Bequest. 

helianthea — Muscicapa helianthea Wallace, 1 865 . . .37 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1867 : 476. Holotype, Adult (female, on 
label). Reg. no. 1873.5.12.112. Menado, North Celebes Islands. 
Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

hellmayri — Sisoprgis hellmavri Chwhh, \9Q1 .... 9 

Bull Brit. Orn. CI., 19 : 63. Holotype, Adult male (Immature, 
vide Hellmayr and Conover, Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 
5 (1927) :96). Reg. no. 1902.3.13.649. Tapacari, (10.000', Dept. 
Cochabamba, 66° W, 17-5" S, on label). Bolivia, 23 March 1901. 
Collected by P. O. Simons. Simons Collection. 

hemileuca—Hvpocnemis hemileuca P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1866. 4 

Proc. zool Soc. Lond., 1866 : 186. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.9.20.539. Lower Ucayali River, east Peru. Collected by 
E. Bartlett. Sclater Collection. 

hemileucus — Passer hemileucus Ogilvie-Grant and Forbes, 1900 . 61 
Bull. Liverpool Mus., 2 : 3. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1899. 
8.11.131. Abd-el-Kuri Island, 1,400', off Sokotra, 5 Dec. 1898. 
Collected by W. R. Ogilvie-Grant and H. O. Forbes. Presented 
by the Royal Society and the British Association. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

hemimelaena — Mvrmeciza hemimelaena P. L. Sclater, 1857 . 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1857 : 48. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1846.9.9.233. Bolivia. Collected by and purchased of T. Bridges. 
The female syntype is in the collection. 



herberti 235 

hemixantha — Microeca hemixantha P. L. Sclater, ISS3 . .37 

Froc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1883 : 55. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1883.5.30.59. Larat Island, Tenimber Group, (6 August 1882, on 
label). Collected by H. O. Forbes. Presented by the Timor-Laut 
Committee of the British Association. 

This specimen was labelled as the type. The syntype from Loetoe 
Island is also in the collection. 

hendersoni — Podoces hendersoni Hume, 1811 . . . .71 

Ibis, (3) 1 : 408. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1878.6.30.7. 
Yarkand, (Desert near Oi-Tagrak, 19 Aug. 1870, on label). Col- 
lected by and purchased of G. Henderson. From the Yarkand 
Expedition. 

hendersoni — Saxicola hendersoni Hume, ISl I . . . .31 
Ibis, (3) 1 : 408. Syntype, Adult male (only 3 tail feathers). Reg. 
no. 1873.6.30.4. Koshtak, Yarkand, Turkestan, 10 Sept. 1870. 
Collected by G. Henderson on the Yarkand Expedition, and 
purchased of E. Gerrard. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

henrici — Mirafra africana henrici Bates, 1930 . .17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 51 : 47. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1930.12.3.2. Bossu, 2,000', near foot of Mount Nimba, French 
Guinea, 23 May 1930. Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

herberti — Corythocichla brevicaudata herberti E. C. S. Baker, 1917 . 32B 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 38 : 10. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1916.12.27.867. Tung Song, Siam, 16 Sept. 1915. Collected by 
C. Chungat for E. G. Herbert and presented by the latter. 

herberti — Cryptolopha herberti Boyd Alexander, 1903 . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI , 13 : 35. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.1570. Near Bakaki, Fernando Po, 20 Nov. 1902. 
Collected by Boyd Alexander. Boyd Alexander Bequest. 

herberti— M^/-av/5 herberti E. C. S. Baker, 1920 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 41 : 10, 75. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1920.10.27.1. Ban Na Sao, Camp 42, 40 miles north-east of Pak 
Hin Bun, Laos, 24 Feb. 1920. Collected and presented by E. J. 
Herbert. 

herberti — Prinia inornata herberti E. C. S. Baker, 1918 . . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 38 : 39. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1916.12.27.974. Bangkok, Siam, 5 July I9I5. Collected and 
presented by E. G. Herbert. 

This is the described male, the female syntype is also in the 
collection. 

herberti— S'^To/jro/u^ /ler/jcr// Boyd Alexander, 1907 . . .61 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 19 : 88. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 



236 herioti 

1911.12.23.3641. Pompari, Welle River, West Africa, 27 March 
1906. Collected and bequeathed by Boyd Alexander. Alexander- 
Gosling Expedition. 

herioti — C>'or«/5 /?er/o// Wardlaw-Ramsay, 1886 . . . .37 
Ibis, (5) 4 : 159. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1887.12.30. 
1295. Manilla, Philippines. Collected by F. Maitland-Heriot. 
Tweeddale Collection. 

hermonensis — Calandrella liermoiiensis Trisiram, 1^64 . . .17 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1864 : 434. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1879.4.5.600. Foot of Mount Hermon, Palestine, 3 June 1864. 
Collected by H. B. Tristram. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

There is another syntype in the collection. Tristram, Catalogue 
of a Collection of Birds belonging to H. B. Tristram, (1889) : 245, 
stated the types to be in his possession, but according to Mr R. 
Wagstaflfe of the Liverpool Museum {in litt. 1953), no specimens in 
the Tristram Collection are labelled as such. 

heuglini — .4/'^va //^'i/g///// Sharpe, 1883 ..... 323 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 7 : 391. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1881.5.26.1. 
Mombasa. Collected and presented by the Rev. A. Buxton. 

The syntype from Zanzibar, also in the collection, is the holotype 
of Argya saturata Sharpe, 1895, q.v. 

hibernans — Pratincola torquata hibernans Hartert, 1910 . 31 

J. Orn., 58 : 173. Holotype, AduU male. Reg. no. 1936.10.15.9. 
Tring, Hertfordshire, England, 14 Nov. 1898. Collected by E. 
Hartert and presented by the American Museum of Natural His- 
tory, New York, from the Rothschild Collection. 

hibernicus — Cinclus cinclus hibernicus Hartert, 1910 .27 

Die Vogel der palaarktischen Fauna, 1 : 790. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1936.10.15.11. Near Mallow, County Cork, 
Ireland, 25 Aug. 1896. Collected for the Brazenor brothers, 
naturalists of Brighton and presented from the Rothschild Collec- 
tion by the American Museum of Natural History, New York. 

hibernicus — Garrulus glandarius hibernicus Witherby and Hartert, 

1911 71 

British Birds, 4 : 234. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1936.10. 
15.1. County Wexford, Ireland, Nov. 1910. Collected by W. J. 
Williams. Presented by the American Museum of Natural 
History, from the Rothschild Collection. 

hibernicus — Parus hibernicus Ogi\v\e-Grar\t, \910 . . .42 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 27 : 37. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1910.12.3.1. Boyle, Co. Sligo, Ireland, 3 Dec. 1910. Collected 
and presented by Collingwood-Ingram. 



himalayensis 237 

hibernicus — Prunella modularis hiberniciis R. Meinertzhagen, 1934 . 30 
Ibis, (13) 4 : 57. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1965.M.37. 
Curragh, Ireland, 6 Jan. 1907. Collected by R. Meinertzhagen. 
Meinertzhagen Collection. 

hijazensis — Ammomanes deserti hijazensis Bates, 1935 . .17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 56 : 8. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1934. 
8.10.3. Hadda, Wadi Fatima, Arabia, 14 Sept. 1934. Collected 
and presented by H. Philby. 

hildebrandi — Hemixus hildebrandi Hume, 1874 . .21 

Stray Feathers, 2 : 508. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886. 
9.1.1013. Banks of Younzaleen River, 3,000', Salween District, 
Tenasserim, 15 Feb. 1874. Collected by W. Davison. Hume Col- 
lection. 

hildebrandti — Urobrachya hildebrandti Sharps, IS90 . . .61 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 : 225. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1879.3.4.38. Lake Bomba, Mombasa, East Africa. July 1876. 
Collected by and purchased of J. M. Hildebrandt. 

hildegardae — Euprinodes luldegardae Sharpe, 1899 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 10 : 28. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1900.2.6.1. Athi River, Masailand, Kenya. Collected and pre- 
sented by S. L. Hinde. 

himalayanus — Fregilus himalavanus Gould, 1 862 . . . .71 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1862 : 125. Syntype. Reg. no. 1876.1.7.6. 
Himalayas (Kumaon (=Almora), on label), (Restricted to Kumaon 
by Meinertzhagen, Ibis, (12) 3 (1927) : 372). Collected by Strachey. 
Purchased of J. Gould. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 3 (1877) : 148. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

himalayensis — Loxia himalayensis B\yth, 1844 . . . .59 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1 3 : 952. Although Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. 
Mus., 12 (1888) : 440, listed several specimens as types these were 
from Hodgson. The description was by Blyth, using a Hodgson 
MS. name. The specimens listed by Sharpe have no type status and 
the two specimens collected by Hodgson in Nepal in 1843 and in the 
Museum of the Asiatic Society (vide Blyth, Catalogue of the birds in 
the Museum of the Asiatic Society, (1849, publ. 1852) : 123) were pro- 
bably the syntypes. 

himalayensis — Regulus himalayensis Bonaparte, 1856 . . .35 

C. r. Acad. Sci. Paris, 42 : 767. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1 88 1. 5. 1.1 440. Himalayan Mountains, (Nepal, on label). Pur- 
chased of Gould. 

See also Deignan, Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 74 (1954) : 104, and 
76 (1956) : 106; and Vaurie, Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 75 (1955) : 99-101. 



238 himalayensis 

himalayensis — Sitta himalayensis Jardine and Selby, 1835 . . 43 

Illustrations of Ornithology, 3 : pi. 144. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1886.6.24.269. Himalayas. (Collected by W. Murray, on 
label.) Purchased from the Jardine Collection. 
Other syntypes are referred to in the description. 

hindei — Crateropus hinclei Sharpe, 1900 .... . 32B 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 11 : 29. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1901.5.7.2. Athi River, Kenya. Collected and presented by S. L. 
Hinde. 
The second syntype is in the collection. 

hindii — Cisticola hindii Sharpe, 1 896 . . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 6 : 7. Syntype, Adult, (male, on label). Reg. 
no. 1896.9.11.30. Machakos, East Africa, 3 May 1896. Collected 
and presented by L. L. Hinde. 

There is another syntype in the collection. 

hirtensis — Troglodytes hirtensis Stohohm, X'&'iA .28 

Zoologist, (3) 8 : 333, pi. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1898.10.2.200. St. Kilda Island, 7 June 1884. Collected by C. 
Dixon. Seebohm Bequest. 

hodgsoni — Abrornis ? hodgsoni Moore, 1854 . . .35 

in Horsfield and Moore, Catalogue of birds in the Museum of the 
Honourable East India Company, 1 : 412. Syntype, Adult, (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.3011. Nepal. Collected by B. H. 
Hodgson. Presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 

Moore used a Hodgson MS. name. 

hodgsoni — Callene hodgsoni ierdon, 1872 . . . . .31 

Ibis, (3) 2:132. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1880.1.1. 
2988. Nepal. Collected by B. H. Hodgson and presented by the 
Honourable East India Company Museum. 

Listed as type of Acrocephalus hodgsoni by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. 
Brit. Mus., 1 (1883) : 82. This MS. name of Moore appears on the 
specimen's label. 

hodgsoni — Certhia hodgsoni brooks, \%1\ .... . 44A 

Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1871 : 209. Syntype, Adult (male, in 
museum register). Reg. no. 1886.11.1.1716. Gulmurg, Kashmir 
(4 June 1871, in museum register). Collected by W. E. Brooks. 
Hume Collection. 
There is one other syntype in the collection. 

hodgsoni — Nectarinia hodgsoni 3. E. Gray, 1846 . . . .46 

Catalogue of . . . Mammalia and birds of Nepal and Thibet presented 
by B. H. Hodgson . . . : 59. Gray was referring to A', hodgsonis 
of Jardine, Naturalists^ Library 13, Ornithology 5, Sunbirds (1843) : 
240. Since the original description is Jardine's, the specimens 
listed by Gadow Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 9 (1884) : 16 as Gray's types 
have no validity. 



holopolius 239 

hodgsoni — Nemura hodgsoni Moore, 1854 . 37 

In Horsfield & Moore, Catalogue of birds in the museum of the 
Honourable East India Company, 1 (Nov. 1854) : 300. (Also in 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1854 '(publ. April 1855) : 76, pi. 72). 
Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1880.1.1.805. (Hodgson's pi. 
no. 949.) Nepal. Collected by B. H. Hodgson. With the female 
syntype (also in the collection), presented as the types by the 
Honourable East India Company Museum. 

hodgsoni — Ruticilla hodgsoni Mootq, 1854 . . . .31 

in Horsfield & Moore, Catalogue of Birds in the museum of the 
Honourable East India Company, 1 : 303. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1880.1.1.1437. Nepal. Collected by B. H. Hodgson 
and presented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

hokrae — Acrocephalus concinens hokrae 'Whistler, 1930 . . . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 50:71. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1930.6.16.1. Hokra Jheel, 5,000', Kashmir, 10 Aug. 1928. Col- 
lected and presented by H. Whistler. 

bolerythrops — Trochalopterum holerythrops Rippon, 1904 . 32B 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 14 : 83. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1905. 
9.10.80. Mount Victoria, 6,800', South Chin Hills, Burma, 15 
Mar. 1904. Collected and presented by G. Rippon. 

holerythrus — Lipaugus holerythrus P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1 860 . 7 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 300. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.20.624. (Choctum, on label). Vera Paz, Guatamala, Jan. 
1860. Collected by O. Salvin. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
Listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Eds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 357. 

hollandi — Hapalocercus hollandi P. L. Sclater, 1 896 ... 9 
Ibis, {1)2 -.3X1. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1897.11.14.63. 
Sta. Elana, (Entrerios), Argentine, 15 Jan. 1895. Collected by and 
purchased of A. H. Holland. {See also Hellmayr, Novit. Zool, 
13 (1906) : 320.) 

holochlora — Chloropipo holochlora P. L. Sclater, ISSS ... 8 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14:287. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.1220. Bogota, Colombia. Collected by Boucard. 
Sclater Collection. 

holomelas — Dryoscopus holomelas iackson, 1906 .23 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 16:90. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.6.3.1. Ruwenzori, Uganda, 21 Feb. 1902. Collected and 
presented by F. J. Jackson. 

holopolius — Graucalus holopolius Sh<xrpe, IS8S .20 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1888 : 184. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1888.2.7.31. Aola, Guadalcanar, Solomons, 21 April 
1887. Collected by and purchased of C. M. Woodford. 



240 holospodia 

holospodia — Taenioptera holospodia V. L. Sdater, \SS7 . 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1887 : 47. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1846.9.9.199. Bolivia. Collected by and purchased of T. Bridges. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

holospodium — Parisoma holospodium Bates, 1908 . .37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 25 : 27. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.4.27.3. Bitye, 2,000', Ja River, Southern Cameroon, 14 May 
1908. Collected and presented by G. L. Bates. 

This is the described male syntype. The described female syntype 
is also in the collection. 

holostictus — Autoinolus holostictus F. L. Sclater, IS15 ... 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1875 : 542. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.5.20.320. Medellin, Antioquia, Colombia, 1875. Collected 
by T. K. Salmon. Sclater Bequest. 

ho\sti—Parus liolsti Seebohm, 1894 42 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 4 : 7. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1898.9.20.164. Formosa (Tongapo, 13 Jan. 1894, on label). 
Collected by P. A. Hoist. Seebohm Bequest. 

holtii — Hypsipetes Jwltii Swinhoe, IS61 . . . .21 

Ibis, (1) 3 :266. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1898.10.2.87. 
Pehling Hills, Foochow, 29 May 1857. Collected by R. Swinhoe. 
Seebohm Collection. 

homochroa — Catamenia homochroa P. L. Sclater, 1859 . . 95 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 (publ. 1859) : 552. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1885.2.10.408. Matos, Ecuador, (June 1858, 
on label). Collected by L. Fraser. Sclater Collection. 

homochroa — Larvivora homochroa Hodgson, \S44 . .31 

in J. E. Gray, Zoological Miscellany, 1844 : 83 {nomen nudum). 

Two specimens in the collection were listed as types by Sharpe, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 (1883) : 27. 

homochrous — Dendromanes homochrous P. L. Sclater, 1859 . 2 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 : 382. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 

no. 1889.5.20.618. Teotalcingo, Oazaca, Mexico, March 1859. 
Collected by A. Boucard. Sclater Collection. 

homochrous— Pachyrhamphus homochrous P. L. Sclater, 1859 7 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 : 142. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.13.1428. Pallatanga, Ecuador (Oct. 1859, on label). 
Collected by L. Fraser. Sclater Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

hopwoodi — Dicrurus leucophaeus hopwoodi E. C. S. Baker, 1918 64 

Novit. Zool. 25 : 294. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1886.3.1.2012. 
Dacca, East Pakistan, Jan. 1871. Hume Collection. 



houghtoni 241 

horsfieldi — Oreocincia horsfieldi Bonaparte, 1857 . . . .31 
Rev. Mag. Zool., 1857 : 205. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1860.4.16.419. Java. Collected by T. Horsfield and presented 
by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 

horsfieldii — Myophonus horsfieldii Vigors, IS31 . . .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1831 : 35. Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1855.12.19.280. Himalayas. Collected for J. Gould 
and purchased of the Zoological Society of London. 

horsfieldii — Pomatorhimis horsfieldii Sykes, 1 832 .... 32B 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1832 : 89. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1 880. 1 . 1 . 1 934. Dense woods of the Ghauts, India (in text ; 
Mahableshwar, vide Salim Ali, The Birds of Travancore and Cochin, 
1953 : 35). Collected by W. H. Sykes and presented by the 
Honourable East India Company Museum. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

hortulorum — Turdus hortulorumV. h. Sclaier, \%61) . .31 

Ibis, (1) 5 : 196. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1896.6.1.836. 
Amoy, south China, 2 April 1861. Collected by R. Swinhoe, 
Seebohm Bequest. 
No male syntype can be traced in the collection. 

hosei — Pitta caerulea hoseiE. C.S.Baker, \9\% . .12 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 39 : 20. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1900.2.14.61. Mount Dulit, Sarawak, Borneo, 14 Nov. 1898. 
Collected by C. Hose. Purchased of E. Gerrard. 
The described female syntype is also in the collection. 

hosii — Calyptomena hosii Sharpe, 1892 ..... 1 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (6) 9 : 249. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1892.4.29.1. 3,000', Mount Dulit, Borneo, Sept. 1891. Collected 
by C. Hose and purchased of E. Gerrard. 
The female syntype is in the collection. 

hosii — Dicaeum hosii Sharpe, 1 897 .45 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 6 : 48. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1897.12.14.83. Mt. Masarang, 4,000', North Celebes, Oct. 1895. 
Collected by and purchased of C. Hose. 

hosii — Oriolus hosii Sharpe, 1 892 .63 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 1 : 4. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1892.8.25. 
6. Mount Dulit, 4,000', Sarawak, Borneo, June 1892. Collected 
by C. Hose. Purchased of E. Gerrard. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

houghtoni Sheppardia cyornithopsis houghtoni Bar\r\ermar\, \93l 31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 51 : 128. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1931.6.7.1. Sugarloaf Forest, near Freetown, Sierra Leone, 
(26 Oct. 1913, on label). Collected by and purchased of G. J. 
Houghton. 



242 huambo 

huambo — Cisticola natalensis huambo Lynes, 1930 .35 

Ibis, (12) 6, Supplement, 441, pi. 15. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1928.10.25.1. Lepe, 4,900', Benguela District, Angola, 
18 Jan. 1927. Collected by Admiral H. Lynes and B. B. Osmaston. 
Presented by Admiral H. Lynes. 

huancavelicae — Asthenes dorbignvi huancavelicae Morrison, 1938 3 

Ibis, (14) 2 : 774. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1939.6.17.2. 
11,000', Yauli, Huancavelica Dept., Peru, 31 Dec. 1937. Collected 
by A. Morrison. Morrison Collection. 

huancavelicae — Upucerthia serrana huancavelicae Morrison, 1938 3 

Ibis, (14) 2 : 774. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1939.6.17.3. 
13.650', Lachocc, Huancavelica, central Peru, 10 Oct. 1937. Col- 
lected by A. Morrison. Morrison Collection. 

hudsoni — Cnipolegus hudsoni P. L. Sclater, 1 872 .... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1872 : 541, pi. 31. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1888.1.13.142. Rio Negro, Patagonia, Oct. 1871. Col- 
lected by W. H. Hudson. Sclater Collection. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 

hudsoni — Synallaxis hudsoni ^.h. S>c\?LiQr, \%1 A .... 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1874.: 25. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.5.20.265. Conchitas, Buenos Ayres, 1869. Collected by 
W. H. Hudson. Sclater Collection. 

hufufae — Passer domesticus hufufae Ticehurst and Cheesman, 1924 61 
Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 45 : 19. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1924.11.30.20. Hufuf Town, Hasa Province, Central Arabia, 
9 Dec. 1923. Collected by R. E. Cheesman, Cox-Cheesman 
Collection. 

hufufae — Prinia gracilis hufufae Ticehurst and Cheesman, 1924 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 44 : 19. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1924.11.30.59. Hufuf, Hasa Province, Central Arabia, 28 Nov. 
1923. Collected by R. E. Cheesman. Cox-Cheesman Collection. 

humei — Aegithina tiphia humei E. C. S. Baker, 1922 .22 

Fauna of British India (2nd ed.); Birds, 1 : 342. Holotype, Adult 
female. Reg. no. 1886.9.1.143. Raipur, Central Provinces, 12 May 
1870. Collected by A. O. Hume. Hume Collection. 

humei — Heterorhynchus humei Mandelli, 1873 .... 32B 
Stray Feathers, 1 : 415. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886.9.1. 
2891. Native Sikkim, Feb. 1873. Collected by L. Mandelli. 
Hume Collection. 
The two other syntypes are also in the collection. 

humei — Lophophanes humei Brooks, 1873 . .42 

/. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 42, pt. 213 : 57. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1886.11.1.553. Sikkim, 10 Feb. 1873. Collected by L. Mandelli. 
Hume Collection. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 



humii 243 

humei — Reguloides humei Brooks, 1878 . . . .35 

Stray Feathers, 7 : 131. Syntype? Adult female. Reg. no. 
1886.7.8.843. Cashmere. Collected by W. E. Brooks. Hume 
Collection. 

This is the specimen collected by Brooks together with eggs, 
given to Hume, and later re-identified (op. cit., p. 133). Brooks' 
account suggests that he had no specimens at the time of writing the 
description but subsequently examined Hume's material and refers 
to this in the same published notes, specifically mentioning this 
specimen and one from Jerdon which is also in the collection. 

humeralis — Dessornis hwneralis Smxth, \^7)6 . .31 

Report of the Expedition for exploring central Africa, 1834; Ap- 
pendix : 46. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1845. 
3.27.2. Banks of River Marikwa. Purchased of Argent. 

There is a second syntype in the Edinburgh Museum, vide 
Scottish Naturalist, 1930 : 150. 

humeralis — Penthetriopsis humeralis Sharpe, 1901 .61 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 11 : 57. Holotype, Adult. Reg.no. 1901.10.9.1. 
Mount Elgon, Kenya, (Nandi, Kenya, on label). Collected and 
presented by F. J. Jackson. 

humeralis — Terenura humeralis P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1880 . 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1880 : 159. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.7.10.510. Sarayacu, east Ecuador. Collected by C. 
Buckley. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

humii — Coccothraustes humii S\\2ixpQ, \%%b . . . .59 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1886 : 97. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1887.6.1.7. Attock, North-west Punjab, March 1869. Collec- 
ted by Col. Delme-Radcliffe. Hume Collection. 
The two described male syntypes are also in the collection. 

humii — Microscelis psaroides humii '^\\\'i,i\QV &.K\nnt2ir, 1932 . 21 

J. Bombay not. Hist. Soc, 35 : 754. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1886'.9. 1.964. Ceylon, 7 Feb. 1872 (1892 printed in error). 
Hume Collection. 

humii — Molpastes humii Oates, 1 889 ...... 21 

Fauna of British India; Birds, 1 : 274. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1886.9.1.1886. Jalalpore, Jhelum, Punjab, 21 Nov. 1871. 
Collected by A. O. Hume. Hume Collection. 

humii — Pyrrho.spiza humii Sharpe, 1 888 .59 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 : 433. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1 887.6. 1. 1409. Kotegurh, North Punjab, India, 3 April 1869. 
Hume Collection. 

humii— 5/M/-/;M.y /;«/»// Brooks, 1876 . . . .62 

/bis, (3) 6 : 500. New name for Sturnus nitens Hume, Ibis, (3) 1 



244 humii 

(1871) : 410, (q.r.). which is preoccupied by 5". nitens Brehm. Ibis, 
1828 :282. 

Since this is only a change of name the specimen listed as type by 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 35. is not valid. 

humii — Sut/wra Ininiii Sharps, 1883 .33 

Cat. Eds. Brit. Mus., 7 : 487. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1859.3.4. 
294. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

humilis — I.xiihis Iwmilis Hume, 1877 ...... 32B 

Stray Feathers, 5 : 106. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1886.10.1.6321. Moolyit, central Tenasserim hills, 16 Feb. 1877. 
Collected by W. Davison (on label). Hume Collection. 

humilis — Podoces humilis Hume, IS7 1 .71 

Ibis, (3) 1 : 408. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1873.6.30.9. 
Yarkand, (Sanjo Pass, 9 Aug. 1870, on label). Collected by G. 
Henderson. Purchased of Gerrard. 

humphreysi — Orthotoinus atrogularis humphrevsi Chasen and Kloss, 

1929 ' . .35 

J. Orn., 2 : 120. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1947.60.42. 
Bettotan, near Sandakan, North Borneo, 15 Aug. 1927. Collected 
by F. N. Chasen and C. B. Kloss. Presented by the Raffles 
Museum, Singapore. 

hunsteini — Donacicola hunsteini Finsch, 1886 . .60 

Ibis, (5) 4 : 1, pi. I. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1887.1.26.3. 
North New Ireland Island, Pacific Ocean, 6 June 1885. Collected 
by O. Finsch. Purchased of G. Schneider. 
The two other syntypes are also in the collection. 

hunteri — C/nrtv/.s /;M«rm Shelley, 1889 . . . . .46 

Proc. zool.'Soc. Loud. 1889 : 365 pi. 41. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1889.3.21.142. Useri River, Kilimanjaro, Tanganyika, 
(July, vide Shelley, Birds of Africa, 2 (1900) : 103). Collected and 
presented by H. C. V. Hunter. 

This specimen was labelled as the type. The female syntype is 
also in the collection. 

hunteri— Cisticola hunteri SheWey, \SS9 35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1889 : 364. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.3.21.185. Mt. Kilimanjaro (above forest belt), between 
June and August 1888. Collected and presented by A. C. V. Hunter. 

huriensis — Galerida theklae huriensis C. W. Benson, 1947 . . 17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 68 : 9. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1946.5.2057. Huri Hills, 3,000', between Mega and Marsabit, 
5 miles south of the Abyssinia-Kenya border, 1 April 1942. Col- 
lected and presented by C. W. Benson. 



hypernephala 245 

huttoni — Accentor huttoni Moore, 1854 . . . . .30 

In Horsfield & Moore, Catalogue of the Birds in the Museum of the 
Honourable East India Company, 1 : 360. Syntype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4800. Afghanistan. Collected by 
Griffiths and presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 

There is a second syntype in the collection. This name was based 
on Blyth's description {J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 18 (1849) : 811) of the 
bird he listed as Accentor atrogularis Brandt. 

huttoni— Euspiza huttoni Blyth, \S49 49 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 18 (2) :811. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1856.3.26.5. Kandahar, Afghanistan. Collected and presented by 
Hutton. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Hist. Coll. Brit. Mus., 2 (1906) : 
394. Although Blyth refers to this as a new species he also relates 
it to E. buchanani Blyth, 1844, and it is not wholly clear as to his 
intentions. According to W. L. Sclater, {Ibis, (5) 1 (1892) : 73) 
the type of E. buchanani is lost. 

huttoni — Malacocercus huttoni Blyth, 1847 ..... 32B 
J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 16:476. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1856.3.26.1. Kandahar, Afghanistan. Collected and presented 
by Capt. Hutton. 

hyacinthinus — Gyanocorax hyacinthinus Cabanis, 1 848 . . .71 
in Schomburgk, Reisen im Britisch Guiana, 3 : 683. Syntype, 
Adult. Reg. no. 1840.7.3.42. Canuku Mountains, British Guiana. 
Collected by and purchased of Sir R. Schomburgk. 
There was another syntype, at present untraced, in the collection. 

hybrida — Pterythius pallidus hybrida Harington, 1913 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 33 : 82. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1905.9.10. 
399. Mount Victoria, South Chin Hills, 25 March 1904. Col- 
lected and presented by G. Rippon. 

This is the author's selected male. His selected female is also in 
the collection. 

hypaedon — Troglodytes hypaedon P. L. Sdater, \86\ .28 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 : 128. Syntype, Adult (female, vide 
Sclater, Catalogue of American Birds, 1862 : 23). Reg. no. 1886.9. 
15.166. (Oaxaca, south Mexico, vide Sclater, 1862, loc. cit.). 
Collected by A. Boucard. Sclater Collection. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

hypernephala — Cisticola hunteri hypernephala EUiott, \947 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 68 : 10. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no 
1947.71.1. Olosirwa Mountain, 10,950', Crater Highlands, North- 
ern Tanganyika, 27 Jan. 1945. Collected and presented by H. I. F. 
Elliott. 



246 hyperythra 

hyperythra — Argva hvpervthra Sharpe, 1883 .... 32B 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 : 390. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1881.5.1. 
111. Madras, India. Gould Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

hyperythra — Rhipidura hvpervthra G. R. Gray, 1858 . 37A 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond.,' \S5S : 116. Holotype, Adult, ?male. 
Reg. no. 1873.5.12.455. Aru Islands, 1857. Collected by A. R. 
Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

hyperythrus — Thamnophilus hyperythrus V. L. Sdater, 1^55 . . 4 
Edinb. New philos. J., (n.s.) 1 : 235. Holotype, Adult female 
(relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1855.11.5.35. Chamicuros, Peruvian 
Amazon. Collected by J. Hauxwell and purchased of J. Gould. 
Sclater used Gould's MS. name. 

hyperythrus — Thryothorus hyperythrus Salwin & Godman, 1880 28 

Biol. Centr.-Amer.: Aves, 1:91. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.3.6.364. Paraiso Station, Panama Railway, Panama, 1867. 
Collected by A. Hughes. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

hypochloris — Stelgidillas hvpochloris Jackson, \906 . .21 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 19 : 20. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1907.6.19.4. Kibiran, Toro, Uganda, 7 Oct. 1905. Collected and 
presented by F. J. Jackson. 

hypochondriacus — Siptornis hvpochondriacus Sahin, IS95 . . 4 
Novit. Zool., 2 : 14. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1899.6.1.573. 
8,000', Malea, Cajabamba, Peru, 1 7 April 1 894. Collected by O. T. 
Baron. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

This is the author's selected male; the female syntype is also in the 
collection. 

hypochryseus — Vireo hvpochryseus Sdater, \S62 . . . .56 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1862 : 369, pi. 46. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1886.9.15.283. Mexico. Collected for F. Parzudaki. Sclater 
Collection. 

hypodilius — A^ec/or/>7/o /7v/70£////m5' Jardine and Fraser, 1851 . 46 

Contributions to Ornithology : 53. (?) Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1851.11.27.1. Fernando Po, (West Africa, on label). Collected 
by L. Fraser. Purchased through E. Gerrard. 

From the date of receipt it seems almost certain that this is a syn- 
type. 

hypoglaucus — Oxyrhamphus hvpoglaucus Salvin and Godman, 1883 10 
Ibis, (5) 1:208. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1888.1.1.7. 
Roraima Mountains, British Guiana, 7 Dec. 1881. Collected by 
H. Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
TTiere are several other syntypes in the collection. 



hypophaeus 247 

hypogrammica — Butalis hvpogrammica Wallace, 1862 37 

Ibis, (1) 4 : 350. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1873.4.12.640. 
Ceram, Northern Moluccas, 1859. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 

Wallace used a G. R. Gray MS. name. There are several other 
syntypes in the collection. 

hypogrammica — Pvtelia hvpogrammica, SihdiX^t, \%1Q .60 

Ibis, (2) 6 : 56.' Holotype, Aduh male. Reg. no. 1877.7.11.118. 
Fantee, Gold Coast. Sharpe Collection; obtained by him from the 
dealer Higgins. 

hypoleuca — Petroica hypoleuca G.K. GTa.y, \'^59 . .37 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1859 : 155. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1859.4.8.26. Dorey, North-west New Guinea, 1858. Collected 
by A. R. Wallace. Purchased of Stevens. 

hypoleuca — Serpophaga hypoleuca P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1 866 . 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1866 : 188. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.354. Lower UcayaU River, East Peru, 1865. Collected 
by E. Bartlett. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 104. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

hypoleuca — Zosterops hypoleuca Salvador!, 1878 . . .47 

Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. nat. Giacomo Doria, 12 : 340. Holotype, 
Adult. Reg. no. 1866.2.13.7. New Guinea (error for Halmahera, 
Molucca Islands, vide Peters, Check-list of birds of the World, 12 
(1967) : 306). Purchased of G. A. Frank, N. H. Agent of Amster- 
dam. 

hypoleucum — Dicaeum hypoleucum Sharpe, 1876 .45 

Nature, 14 : 298. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1876.8.28.9. 
Basilan, Philippines. Collected by and purchased of J. B. Steere 
as "one of the types". 

hypoleucus — Malurus hypoleucus Gould, 1867 . .36 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (3) 19 : 369. Syntype, Adult (later identified 
as female). Reg. no. 1868.1.27.17. Supposed to be from Cape 
York. Gould Collection. 

Labelled "Type" in an early hand, and listed as such by Mathews, 
Austral Avian Record, 1 (1913) : 166. Another syntype is in the 
collection. 

hypomelaena — Ceromacra hypomelaena P. L. Sclater, 1 890 . . 4 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 : 268. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
I889.7.I0.574. Cosnipata, south-west Peru, 2 June 1871. Col- 
lected by H. Whitely. Saivin-Godman Collection. 

hypophaeus — Chloro.spingus hypophaeus P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1 868 51 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1868 : 389. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 



248 hypospodia 

no. 1885.6.8.41. Calovevora, Veragua, 1868. Collected by E. 
Arce. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

hypospodia — Elainea hypospodia P. L. Sdater, \S87 ... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1887 : 49. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.13.588. Near Valencia, Venezuela, 1875. Collected 
by A. Goering. Sclater Collection. 

hypospodia — Pinarochroa hypospodia Shelley, 1885 . . .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1885 : 226. pi. 13. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1885.6.14.18. Kilimanjaro, 14,000', 1884. Collected by 
H. H. Johnston and presented by the British Association. 

hypospodia — Synallaxis hypospodia P. L. Sclater, 1874. 3 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1874 : 10. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.5.2.148. Bahia, Brazil, 1872. Collected for A. Boucard. 
Sclater Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 45. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

hypospodius — Thryothorus hypospodius SdiWxn &. God.m?Ln, 1880 28 

Biol. Centr.-Amer.; Aves, 1 : 92. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.3.6.357. Vicinity of Bogota, Colombia. Collected by 
Triibner. Salvin & Godman Collection. 

hypostictus — Campy lorhynchus hypostictus Gould, 1855 . . 28 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1855 : 68. Holotype, Adult (female, vide 
S\\arpe,Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 6{n%\) : 190). Reg.no. 1855.11.5.15. 
Ucayali River, Peru. Collected by H. W. Bates {vide Sharpe, loc. 
cit.), and purchased of J. Gould. 

hypoxantha — Drymoica hypoxantha Sharpe, 1877 .35 

in Layard, Birds of South Africa, 2nd Edn., : 260. Syntype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1876.5.23.141. Eland's Post, Cape Province, 
June 1870. Collected by T. C. Atmore. Sharpe Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) : 191. 
There are two female syntypes in the collection. 

hypoxantha — Hypocnemis hypoxantha P. L. Sclater, 1868 . 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1868 : 573, pi. 43. Holotype, Adult (male, 
vide Hellmayr, Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 3 (1924) : 243). 
Reg. no. 1889.9.20.506. Upper Amazons. Collected for Verreaux. 
Sclater Collection. 

hypoxantha — Neodrepanis hypoxantha SaXomon^en, 192)2) . . 14 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 53 : 182. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1882.2.27.20. East of Antanarivo, Madagascar, July 1881. Col- 
lected by and purchased of the Rev. W. D. Cowan. 
The bill is broken. 



ichangensis 249 

hypoxanthus — Andropadus hypoxanthm Shditpc, \%16 . .21 

in E. L. Layard, Birds of South Africa : 205. Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1 860. 12.31 .75. Tette, Zambesi. Collected by J. Kirk and 
presented by the Foreign Office; supposedly from the Livingstone 
Expedition. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

hypoxanthus — Attila hypoxanthus Salvin and Godman, 1891 . 7 

Biol. Centr.-Amer., Axes, 2 : 135. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.20.658. Vera Paz, Guatamala. Collected by O. Salvin. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 

hyrcanus — Erithacus hvrcanus EXdiniovd, \%1A .31 

Ibis, (3) 4 : 79. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1874.11.23.126. 
(Resht, Persia, on label.) Collected by Col. St. John and received 
in exchange with W. T. Blanford of the Indian Museum. 

hyrcanus — Go/rw/ws /jvvrawiw W. T. Blanford, 1873 .71 

Ibis, (3) 3 : 225. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1874.11.23.182. 
Mazendaran, North Persia. Collected by Major St. John from the 
collection of the Boundary Commission. Received in exchange 
from the Indian Museum, Calcutta. 

No type was designated. This specimen was collected with the 
one in the Indian Museum subsequently referred to as the type by 
W. L. Sclater, Ibis, (6) 4 (1892) : 73. 

ibadanensis — Malimbus ibadanensis Elgood, 1958 .61 

Ibis, 100:621. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1958.9.2. 
Ibadan, Nigeria, 28 Feb. 1958. Collected and presented by J. H. 
Elgood. 

iberiae — Muscicapa hypoleuca iberiae Witherhy, \928 . .37 

Ibis, (12) 4 :591. ' Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1929.1.15.1. 
San Ildefonso, Segovia, Central Spain, 30 May 1927. Collected 
and presented by H. F. Witherby. 

ibericus — Coloeus monedula ibericus Kleiner, 1939 .71 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 60 : 12. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1897.11.10.605. Mountains of Granada, Spain, April 1871. 
Collected by Howard Saunders. Purchased of E. Hargitt. 

'\htT\c\x%^Phyllo.scopus collyhita ibericus TicQhuTsi, \97>b . . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 57 : 64. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1934.1.1.5045. Paul D'Argila, near Coimbra, Portugal, 23 May 
1920. Collected by H. F. Witherby. Witherby Collection. 

ichangensis — Hodg.sonius phoenicuroides ichangensis E. C. S. Baker, 

1922 .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 43 : 18. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1 9 1 4.7. 1 6.55 1 . Ichang, Upper Yangtse Valley, China, 5 Aug. 1 895. 
Collected by F. W. Styan. Styan Collection. 



250 icterica 

icterica — Prinia icterica Strickland, 1894 . . . .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1844 : 100. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1881.2.18.25. Fernando Po. Collected by L. Eraser. Eyton 
Collection, obtained by him from the Museum of the Zoological 
Society of London. 

icterioides — Coccothraustes icterioides Wgoviy, \%2)0 . . .59 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1830 : 8. Syntype, Adult female (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1855.12.19.254. Himalayas. Purchased of 
the Zoological Society of London, having been received by them, 
through J. Gould, from India. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 45. 
The male syntype can no longer be traced. 

icterphrys — Vireolanius icterphrys ^ondi^dirXQ, \%SA . .56 

C. /•. Acad. Sci. Paris 38 : 380. A specimen from Peru, Reg. no. 
1858.5.8.11. purchased from H. Cuming and believed to have come 
from Verreaux, was listed as the type by Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. 
Mus., 8 (1885) : 315. Although Bonaparte attributes the type to 
Verreaux there is insufficient evidence to show that this is it. 

ignicauda — Cinnyris ignicauda Hodgson, 1837 . . . .46 

India Review, 1837 : 273. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1843. 
1.13.231. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 

The tail measurement given in the description does not agree 
with those of the syntypes, nor with later material. There are other 
syntypes in the collection. 

igniceps — Heteropelma igniceps P. L. Sclater, 1872 ... 8 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1871 (publ. 1872) : 750. Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1888.1.13.1386. Oyapok, Cayenne, 1871. Collected by 
E. Jelski {vide Brit. Mus. register). Scalter Collection, received by 
him from Mde. Verdey of Paris. 
The second syntype is in the collection. 

ignicolle — Dicaewn ignicolle G. R. Gray, 1858 . . .45 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 173. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1858.3.10.140. Aru Islands. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

igniferum — Dicaewn igniferum Wallace, 1863 . . . .45 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863 : 494. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1873.5.12.921. Elores Island, South-west Pacific. Collected 
by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

Tristram, (1889) Catalogue of a Collection of Birds, 216, claims 
that he had a syntype, now, presumably, in Liverpool Museum. 

ignipectus — Myzanthe ignipectus Blyth, 1843 . . .45 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal., 12 : 983. A specimen was listed as the type 
by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 (1885) : 43, but specimens in the 
collection received from Blyth and from the Honourable East India 



immaculata 251 

Company appear to have been sent before the date of the description; 
and a Hodgson specimen on which the description was probably 
based (vide Blyth, Catalogue of birds in the Museum of the Asiatic 
Society, (1849) : 227) is still in India. 

ignobilis — Automohis ignobilis P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1879 . . 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1879 : 522. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.5.20.324. Frontino, Antioquia, Columbia. Collected by 
T. K. Salmon. Sclater Collection. 

ignobilis — Sphenopsis ignobilis P. L. Sclater, 1861 . . .51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 : 379. Holotype, Reg. no. 1885.6.12. 
877. Brazil (South America, on label). Collected by Leadbeater. 
Sclater Collection. 

See also Sclater and Salvin, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1870 : 784. 
The specimen is imperfect. 

ignobilis — Turdus ignobilis P. L. Sclater, 1857 ... 31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1857 : 273. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1886.8.2.75. Bogota, Columbia, 1848. Collected by Williams. 
Sclater Collection. 

There is a second syntype in the collection, and two more stated 
by Sclater to be in the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. 

ignotincta — Minla ignotincta Hodgson, 1838 .... 32B 

India Review, 2 : 33. ?Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1845.1.9. 
712. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
An early Hodgson specimen, this is almost certainly a syntype. 

ignotum — Pellorneum ignotum Hume, 1877 .... 32B 

Stray Feathers, 5 : 334. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886.10. 
1.5311. Doliah, Suddya, north-east Assam, 18 April 1877. Col- 
lected by J. Cockburn (on label). Hume Collection. 

imatong — Cisticola ayresii imatong Cave, 1938 . . . .35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 59 : 8. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1938.8.5.1. Lamoling, 8,000', Imatong Mountains, Equatorial 
Province, Sudan, 29 April 1938. Collected and presented by F. O. 
Cave. 

Imberbe — Camptostoma imberbe P. L. Sclater, \S51 ... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1857 : 203. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1 888. 1.1 3.46 1. S. Andres Tuxtla, Vera Cruz, Mexico, 1857. 
Collected by A. Salle. Sclater Collection. 

imbricata — Zoothera imbricata Layard, 1854 .31 

Ann. Mag. not. Hist., (2) 13:212. Holotype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1854.1.13.48. Ceylon. Collected by Thwaites 
and purchased of H. Cuming. 

immaculata — Ceromacra cinerascens immaculata Chubb, 1918 . . 4 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 38 : 84. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1922. 



252 immaculata 

3.5.2163. Supenaam River, British Guiana, March 1910. Col- 
lected by F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 

This is the author's selected male. His selected female and two 
other syntypes are also in the collection. 

immaculata — Mirafra immaculata Hume, 1873 . .17 

Stray Feathers, 1:12. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1887.7.1.2644. 
Deobund, 9.000', Mussoorie, Himalayas, June 1968. Hume Col- 
lection. 

immaculata — Myrmeciza immaculata P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1864 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1864 : 357. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.7.10.637. Lion Hill, Panama. Collected by J. 
M'Leannan. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

immaculatus — Accentor immaculatus Hodgson, 1845 . . .30 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1845 : 34. ?Syntype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1843.1.13.353. Nepal. Collected and pre- 
sented by B. H. Hodgson. 

There are several other specimens in the collection which may be 
syntypes. 

immaculatus — Brachvpodius immaculatus Sharpe, 1876 . . 21 

Ibis, (3) 6:39.' Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1873.5.12.2463. 
Sumatra, 1861. Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 
Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 6 (1881) : 66. 
The immature syntype from Sibu Island is also in the collection. 

immodestus — Pericrocotus immodestus Hume, 1877 . .20 

Stray Feathers, 5 : 111. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886. 
4.1.859. Mergui, Tenasserim, 8 Nov. 1874. Collected by W. 
Davison. Hume Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

immundus — Lipaugus immundus P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1 873 . 7 

Nomencl. Av. Neotrop., : 57, 159. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1 888. 1 . 1 3. 1 552. Oyapoc, Cayenne, 1871. Collected by Verdey. 
Sclater Collection. 
The second syntype is in the collection. 

impetuani — Emberiza impetuani Smith, 1 836 . . . .49 

Report of an Expedition for the exploring of Central Africa, 1834 : 48. 
Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1845.7.6.143. Between 
the Nu Gariep and tropic, (South Africa, on label). Collected by 
and purchased of A. Smith. 

There is another syntype in the collection and others are in the 
Philadelphia Museum, vide, Stone, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philadel- 
phia 1899 : 56. 

impiger — Euscarthus impiger P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1 868 . . 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1868 : 171, pi. 13. Syntype, Adult male. 



incerta 253 

Reg. no. 1888.1.13.286. Caraccas, Venezuela. "Latter part of 
summer 1867." Collected by A. Goering. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 84. 
The second syntype is in the collection. 

implacens — Elainea implacens P. L. Sclater, 1 862 .... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 (publ. 1862) : 408. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1888.1.13.610. West Esmeraldas, Ecuador (Nov. 
1859, on label). Collected by L. Fraser. Sclater Collection. 
Listed as type by Hellmayr, Novit. Zool. 32 (1925) : 182, footnote. 

improbus — Tyrannicsus improbus P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1871 . 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1870 (publ. 1871) : 841, pi. 53. Syntype, 
Adult (male, on label). Reg. no. 1888.1.13.488. South of Merida, 
Venezeula. Collected by A. Goering. Sclater collection. 

Listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 133. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

imtburni — Agelaeus imthurniV.h. SicldX^r, \%%\ . . . .. 51 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1881 : 213. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1886.7.12.139. Kaieteur Waterfall, Potaro River, British 
Guiana, Nov. 1878. Collected by E. F. im Thurn. Sclater Col- 
lection. 

incae — Pseudochloris aureiventris incae Chuhh, \919 . . .59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 39:71. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1899.1.20.54. Puente del Inca, 9,170', Aconcagua Valley, Chilean 
Andes, 16 Dec. 1896. Collected by P. H. Gosse. Presented by 
E. A. Fitzgerald. 
The female syntype is in the collection. 

incana — Cisticola incana P. L. Sclater and Hartlaub, 1881 . .35 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1881 : 166. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1881.2.21.17. Socotra Island, 20 March 1880. Collected by 
L B. Balfour. Presented by the British Association. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

incana — Drymocichla incana Hartlaub, 1880 . . . .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1880 -.626, pi. 60. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1895.5.1.1043. Magungo, (head of Albert Nyanza), 
(22 Nov. 1879, on label). Collected by Emin Bey. Shelley Col- 
lection. 

See also, Hartlaub, Abhand. Nat. Ver. Bremen, 1 (1881): 91. 
There is a female syntype in the collection and other syntypes are at 
Bremen and Berlin. 

incerta — Zosterops incerta Salvadori, 1 892 . . . .47 

Ann. Mus. Civ. Star. nat. Giacomo Doria, 32 : 133. Syntype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1892.2.9.8. Engana Island, Bua Bua, South- 
west Sumatra, 29 May 1891. Collected by E. Modgliani. Pur- 
chased of T. Salvadori. (See also appendix. Corrections and 
Additions, vol. 2.) 



254 incertus 

incertus — Carpodacus incertus Ogilvie-Grant, 1906 . . .59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 16 : 122. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1907.12.12.14. Mount Morrison, 8,000', Central Formosa, Jan. 
1906. Collected by and purchased from W. Goodfellow. 

Renamed C. formosamis by Ogilvie-Grant, Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 
27 (1911) : 51, on the grounds of its preoccupation by Fringilla 
incerta Risso, 1826. 

incii — Muscipeta incii Gould, 1852 . . . . .38 

Birds of Asia pt. 4, 2 : pi. 19. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1860.4.16.121. China, (Shanghai, vide Horsfield and Moore, 
Catalogue of the birds in the museum of the Honourable East India 
Company, 1 (1854) : 392). Presented by the Honourable East India 
Company Museum, which received it from J. Gould in 1853. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe. Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 (1879) : 351. 
The specimen lacks the original label. 

incognita — Sturnia incognita Hume, 1879 . .62 

Stray Feathers, 8 : 396. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1887.7.1.590. 
Siarn, 1878. Collected by L. MandelU. Hume Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

indica — Kittacincla macroura indica E. C. S. Baker, 1924 . 31 

The Fauna of British India; Birds {2nd ed.) 2 : 118. Holotype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1886.10.1.829. Bhutan Duars, India, Dec. 
1876. Collected by L. Mandelli. Hume Collection. 

indica — Riparia riparia indica Whistler, 1916 . .18 

Ibis, (10) 4 : 70. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1920.10.24.1. 
Jhelum, Punjab, 22 March 1914. Collected and presented by H. 
Whistler. 

indicator — Cn/7/ge/- //;c//ccf/o/- J. & E. Yerreaux, 1885 .21 

/. Orn. 1855 : 105. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1854.5.23.1. 
Gaboon. Purchased of Verreaux. 

indicus — Sturnus indicus Hodgson, 1844 . . . . .62 

in J. E. Gray, Zoological Miscellany : 84. This is a nomen nudum. 
The type listed by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 36, 
is therefore invalid. 

indigo — Muscicapa indigo Horsfield, 1821 . . . . .37 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 146. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4779, (subsequently assigned). Java. Collected 
by T. Horsfield. Presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 

The specimen is in very bad condition. 

indigotica — Diglossa indigotica P. L. Sclater, 1856 . . .51 

Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 17 : 467. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1884.7.31.49. Ecuador. 1856. Collected for J. and E. 
Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 

Sclater used a Verreaux MS. name. 



inerme 255 

indistincta — Meliphaga {Melithreptus) indistincta Vigors and 

Horsfield, 1827 48 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15 : 315. Holotype, Immature (relaxed 

mount). Reg. no. 1863.7.7.65. King George's Sound, Australia. 

Collected by R. Brown. Presented by the Linnean Society of 

London as the type. 
The bill is damaged. The description states that the specimen is 

in bad condition. 

indochina — Cvornis rufigastra Indochina Chasen and Kloss, 1928 . 37 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 48 : 73. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1947.60.34. Daban, South Annam, 22 March 1918. Collected 
by C. B. Kloss. Presented by the Raffles Museum, Singapore. 

indochinensis — Horizillas rufifrons indochinensis Robinson & Kloss, 

1921 32B 

J. F. M. S. Mus., 10 : 205. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1947. 
60.54. Trangbom, Cochin China, 4 June 1918. Collected by 
H. C. Robinson and C. B. Kloss and presented by the Raffles 
Museum, Singapore. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

indochinensis — Lalage fimbriata indochinensis Kloss, 1915 . .20 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 46 : 7. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1947. 
6.33. Dran, 3,000', south Annam, 9 May 1918. Collected by 
C. B. Kloss and presented by the Raffles Museum, Singapore. 

indochinensis — Tchitrea affinis indochinensis Sa\omonsen, 1933 . 38 
Ibis, (13) 3 : 734. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1928.6.26. 
1052. Angkor, Cambodia, 22 Dec. 1929. Collected by J. Delacour, 
on the fourth Franco-British Indo-China Expedition of J. Delacour 
and W. P. Lowe. 

indochinensis — Trochalopterum milnei indochinensis Ddacour, 1927 . 32B 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 47 : 158. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1927.5.6.11. Tarn Dao, central Tonkin, 5 Dec. 1926. Collected 
by J. Delacour, P. Jabouille and W. P. Lowe on the Third Franco- 
British Expedition to Indo-China. 

indrapurae — Turdus indrapurae Robinson & K\oss, 1916 . . 31 
J. Straits Br. roy. Asiat. Soc, 73 : 277. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1920.6.29.446. Korinchi Peak, west Sumatra, 27 April 
1914. Collected and presented by H. C. Robinson and C. B. Kloss. 
This is the author's selected male. Their selected female syntype 
is also in the collection. 

inerme — Ornithion inerme Hartlaub, 1853 ..... 9 
J. Orn. 1853 : 35. Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 
1888. 1. 1 3.684. South America (Restricted to Bahia, vide Berlepsch 
and Hartert, Novit. Zool., 9 (1902) : 42). 

Listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 125. 
Sclater states on the specimen label "type belongs to Bremen 



256 infelix 

Museum". It would appear that he received the specimen from 
Bremen but that it subsequently came to the British Museum with 
his collection. 

infelix — Monarcha infelix P. L. Sclater, 1877 .38 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., \%11 : 552. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1880.11.18.98. Admiralty Islands, March 1873. Collected by 
J. Murray on the voyage of H.M.S. Challenger. 
An imperfect specimen. 

infumata — Leucocirca infumata Hume, 1873 . . . . 37A 

Stray Feathers, 1 : 455. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1 886.4. 1. 
2755. Acheen, Sumatra, 5 Jan. 1873. Collected by W. Davison. 
Hume Collection. 

infuscata — Saxicola infuscata Smith, 1839 37 

Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa, 2 {Aves) : pi. 28. 
Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1841.4.8.22. Between 
Oliphant and Orange River. Collected by and purchased of A. 
Smith. 

infuscatus — Aethiopsar fuscus infuscatus E. C. S. Baker, 1918. 62 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., ' 38 : 70. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1908.5.30.131. Legan, Lower Chindwin, Burma, 20 Jan. 1906. 
Collected by A. Mears. Purchased of E. Gerrard. 

infuscatus — Anabates infuscatus P. L. Sclater, 1^56 ... 3 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (2) 17 : 468. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1889.5.20.346. Eastern Peru, 1854. Collected by E. Verreaux. 
Sclater Collection. 

inglisi — Munia inglisi Hume, 1871 . . . . .60 

Stray Feathers, 5:39. ?Holotype. Adult. Reg. no. 1887.7.1. 
2115. Cashar, (Dilkinshull, on label). Collected by J. Inglis. 
Hume Collection. 

The description refers to a single specimen. Other Cachar speci- 
mens in the collection were collected at a later date. This specimen 
is undated. 

inglisi — Prm/fl .yoc/a//.y//7g//5/ Whistler and Kinnear, 1933 . . 35 

J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc, 36 : 574. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1886.10.1.1660. Bhotan Duars, India, Jan. 1876. Collected by 
L. MandelH. Hume Collection. 

innesi — Scotocerca inquieta innesi Nicoll, 1908 . . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 21 : 98. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1908.5.22.1. Wadi Hof, N'Giza, near Cairo, Egypt, 14 Feb. 1908. 
Collected and presented by M. J. Nicoll. 

innexa — Buchanga inne.xa Swinhoe, 1870 . .64 

Ibis, (2) 6:246. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897.6.1.516. 
Chinlan River, Wenchang District, Hainan, Feb. 1868. Collected 
by R. Swinhoe. Seebohm Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 



inornata 257 

innominata — Campophaga innominata Oates, 1883 .20 

Birds of British Burma, 1 : 233. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1886.4.1.255. Tavoy, Tenasserim, Burma, 20 April 1878. Col- 
lected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

innominata — Zosterops innominata Finsch, 1901 . .47 

Tierreich, 15 : 31. Lectotype, vide Mees, Zool. Verh. Leiden, 
35 (1957) : 167. (Immature, vide Mees, op. cit.). Reg. no. 1842.2. 
15.53. Philippines. Collected by and purchased of H. Cuming. 

Mees {MS) states that Cuming lived in Manila, vide Proc. zool. 
Sac. Lond., 1839 : 93 and 1840 : 33. 

innotata — Geocichia innotata Blyth, 1846 . . .31 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 15 : 370 (& see vol. 16 (1847) : 146). ?H0L0- 
TYPE, Adult male (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4802. 
Malacca, Malaya. Collected by Dr. Cantor and presented by the 
Honourable East India Company Museum, who received it from 
Cantor in April 1854. 

nornata — Acanthiza inornata Gould, 1841 . .36 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1840 (publ. 1841) : 171. Syntype, Adult, 
(female, on label). Reg. no. 1881.2.18.206. Swan River, Western 
Australia, (11 March 1839, on label). Collected by J. Gould. 
Eyton Collection; being obtained by him from Gould. 

There appear to have been a number of syntypes. Mathews, 
Austral Avian Record, 1 (1912) : 163, refers to one in the Phila- 
delphia Museum. 

inornata — Calliste inornata Gould, 1855 . .51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1855 : 158. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1881.5.1.3882. Bogota, Colombia. Gould Collection. 

inornata — Gerygone inornata Wallace, 1864 . .36 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863 (publ. 1864) : 490. Syntype, Adult 
(male, on label). Reg. no. 1873.5.12.209. East Timor (1861, on 
label) Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

The author marked the label of this specimen in red, but there are 
two other syntypes in the collection. 

inornata — Hirundo inornata ierdon, IM4 .18 

Madr. J., 13 : 173. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1845.1.10.54. 
Ootacamund (in text; Madras on label). Presented by T. C. 
Jerdon. 

inornata — Hyliota australis inornata Wmcent, ]933 .3 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 53 : 135. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1933.3.1.13 (not 3, as stated in the description). 10 miles south- 
west of Zobue, 2,200', Tete Province, 15 '47' S., 34T9' E., Portuguese 
East Africa, 1 April 1932. Collected and presented by J. Vincent. 



258 inornata 

inornata — Myrmotherula inornata P. L. Sclater, 1890. ... 4 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 : 243. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1889.9.20.312. Roraima, 3,500', British Guiana, (type locality 
restricted by Hellmayr, Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 3 (1924) : 
160). 15 Nov. 1883. Collected by H. Whitely. Salvin-Godman 
Collection. 

There are several other syntypes in the collection. Sclater used 
Berlepsch's MS. name. 

inornata — Nemosia inornata Taczanowski, IS79 . . . .51 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1879 : 228. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.6.12.829. (Tambillo, 5,800', Northern Peru, 5 Jan. 
1878, on label). Collected by J. Stolzmann. Sclater Collection. 

inornata — Newtonia brunneicauda inornata Salomonsen, 1934. . 37 
Ibis, (13) 4:382. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1931.8.18. 
2884. Ampotaka, Western Madagascar, 13 March 1930. Pre- 
sented by the Franco-Anglo-American Archbold-Vernay Ex- 
pedition. 

inornata — Parula inornata Baird, 1864 . .54 

Review Amer. Bds., 1 : 171. Holotype, Adult (probably female). 
Reg. no. 1885.3.8.126. Choctum, Vera Paz, Guatemala, Jan. 1860. 
Collected by C. Prado for O. Salvin. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

inornata — Pitta inornata G. R. Gray, 1860 . . .12 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 350. Syntype, Adult (male, vide 
Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 434). Reg. no. 1860.2.4. 
23. Batchian, Molucca Group. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

inornata — Prinia inornata Sykes, 1 832 . . . .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1832 : 89. Syntype, Adult female (re- 
laxed mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.3005. Deccan, India. Col- 
lected by W. H. Sykes. Presented by the Honourable East India 
Company. 

This specimen was presented as the type but N. B. Kinnear (M.S. 
note, c. 1933) states that two specimens, of which this is one, were 
listed in the catalogue of the collection of the Honourable East 
India Company. 

inornata — Zosterops inornata Layard, 1 878 .47 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (5) 1 (May 1878) : 375. Syntype, Adult 
female. Reg. no. 1879.3.5.15. Lifu, Loyalty Islands, 13 Jan. 
1878. Collected for E. L. Layard. Purchased of Canon H. B. 
Tristram. 

inornatum — Dicaeum inornatum Sharpe 1885 . . . .45 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 : 45. Holotype, {vide Salomonsen, Amer. 
Mus. Novit., 2016 (I960) : 11). Adult (female, on label). Reg. 



inquietus 259 

no. 1843.1.13.245. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. 
Hodgson. 

The name originated as a Hodgson MS name. It appeared as a 
nomen nudum in J. E. Gray, List of Mammals and Birds of Nepal 
. . . of B. H. Hodgson, (1846) : 60,151, and in Sharpe, Proc. zool. 
Sac. Land., 1883 (publ. 1884) : 580. 

inornatus — Buarremon inornatus P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1879 49 

Ibis, (9) 3 : 427. Syntype, Adult (female, on label). Reg. no. 
1885.6.12.902. Pallatanga, Ecuador. (Sept. 1858, on label.) 
Collected by L. Eraser. Sclater Collection. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 

inornatus — Cactornis inornatus Gould, l^Ali . . . . .53 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1843 : 104. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1856.5.15.8. Bow Island (= Cocos Island). Collected by 
Dr. Hinds. 

The label is marked "Ex. Zool. Coll." and the specimen is referred to 
by Sharpe, Hist. Coll. Brit. Mus., 2 (1906) : 515, as part of a pur- 
chase from the Zoological Society registered under the number 
1855.12.19. The registration number given on the label is that of a 
presentation from Charles Darwin and appears to be an error. 

inornatus — Ixos inornatus Fraser, IS43 .21 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1843 : 27. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1881.2.18.19. Cape Coast. Collected by L. Eraser. Eyton 
Collection. 

inornatus— Rhabdornis inornatus Ogilvie-Grant, 1 896 . . 448 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 6 : 18. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1897.5.13.558. Paranas, Samar, Philippines, 24 June 1896. Col- 
lected by J. Whitehead. Presented by the subscribers to the 
Whitehead Expedition. 

inornatus — Tropidorhynchus inornatus G. R. Gray and Mitchell, 1846 48 
Genera of Birds, 1 : pi. 39. Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1846.7.16.190. (Timor, South-west Pacific, on label.) 
Collected and presented by E. Wilson. 

Although labelled as the type this specimen was not referred to 
by Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 9 (1884) : 275, and was probably 
on display in the public gallery as a mounted specimen at that 
period. 

inquietus — M>7V7rc/;w5 //7^i//erw5 Salvin and Godman, 1889 9 

Biol. Centr. Amer., Aves 2 : 88. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1899.4.20.1479. Acaguisotia, 3,500', Guerrero, Mexico, 18 
Oct. 1888. Collected by H. H. Smith, and presented by his wife to 
the Salvin-Godman Collection. 

inquietus — Turdus inquietus X^aiham, \^0\ . . . .38 

Index Ornitliologicus, SuppL: xl. See introduction to this volume 
of the type catalogue. 



260 inquisitor 

inquisitor — Rhvnclwcvclus poliocephalus inquisitor Chuhh, 1920 . 9 
Bull. Brit. dm. CL, 40 : 108. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1922.3.5.2661. Bartica Grove, British Guiana, 1911. Collected 
by F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 

insignis — Artamus insignis P. L. Sclater, 1877 . . . .67 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1877 : 101, pi. 15. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1888.9.20.574. New Ireland, March 1876. Collected by 
G. Brown. Tweeddale Collection. 

insignis — Drymoipus insignis Hume, 1872 . .35 

Stray Feathers, 1 : 10. Syntype, Adult male. Reg.no. 1886.10.1. 
1524. Saugor, Bombay, India, 30 July 1868. Collected by A. O. 
Hume. Hume Collection. 

Listed as the type by Whistler and Kinnear, J. Bombay nat. Hist. 
Soc, 36 (1933) : 581. The two other syntypes from Mount Aboo 
are also in the collection. 

insignis — Euphonia insignis P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1877 . . 51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loncl., 1877 : 521. pi. 52. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1885.6.4.58. Jina (= Jima), Ecuador. Collected by C. 
Buckley. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The other syntype is in the collection. 

insignis — Nemosia insignis P. L. Sclater, 1856 . .51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1856 : 110. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.6.12.806. South Brazil {vide Hellmayr and Conover, 
Catalogue of birds of the Americas, 9 (1936) : 379). (Collected for 
Argent, on label). Sclater Collection. 

The female and immature syntypes are also in the collection. 

insignis — Rhinomyias insignis Og\Wie.-GrdiX\X, \^95 . .37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 4 : 40, (and Ibis, (7) 1 : 442; pi. 12.) Syntype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1897.5.13.245. Mount Data, 8,000' Le- 
panto District, North-west Luzon, Philippines, (29 Jan. 1895, on 
label). Collected by J. Whitehead. Presented by the subscribers 
to the Whitehead Expedition. 

A female syntype is also in the collection, and another in the 
American Museum of Natural History, vide Hachisuka, Birds of 
the Philippines, 2 (1935) : 331 who listed the male as the type. 

insignis — Saxicola insignis i. E. Gray, 1846 . .31 

Catalogue of Mammalia and Birds collected in Nepal and Thibet and 
presented to the British Museum by B. H. Hodgson : 153. Holo- 
type, Adult male. Reg. no. 1845.1.9.699. Nepal. ('Segoulie, 10 
Jan.', MS. note on label, probably by N. Kinnear). Collected and 
presented by B. H. Hodgson. 

insignis — Sycobrotus insignis Sharpe, 1891 . .61 

Ibis, (6) 3 : 117, pi. 6. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1893. 
12.1.6. Mount Elgon, East Africa. Collected and presented by 
F. J. Jackson. 



insularis 261 

insignis — Thanmophilus insignis SaWm & Godman, \8S4 . . 4 
Ibis, (5) 2 :450. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1889.7.10.131. 
Roraima, 5,000', British Guiana, 13 Sept. 1883. Collected by 
H. Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

insolens — Agriornis insolens P. L.Sclatev and SaWm, \S69 . . 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1869 : 153. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.13.14. Tinta, South Peru, 21 May 1868. Collected by 
H. Whitely. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 7. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

insolens — Corvus insolens Hume, 1874 .71 

Stray Feathers, 2 : 480. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886.3.1. 
293. Tenasserim, (Tavoy, Tenasserim, Burma, 15 May 1874, on 
label). Collected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

insperatus — Parus insperatus Swinhoe, 1866 . . .42 

Ibis, (2) 2 : 308. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1872.5.27.54. Fung- 
shan Mountains, Formosa, Dec. 1865. Collected for R. Swinhoe. 
Purchased of H. Whitely, who obtained it from Swinhoe. 

A second syntype, from the Tweeddale Collection, is also in the 
collection. 

insulae — Pycnonotus luteolus insulae Whistler & Kinnear, 1932 21 

J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc, 35 : 759. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1928.6.25.46. Tellula, Ceylon, 8 April 1928. Collected 
and presented by W. P. Lowe. 

insulana — Cossypha insulana. See appendix. Corrections and Addi- 
tions, vol. 2 ......... 31 

insularis — Acrocephalus insularis Wallace, 1862. . .35 

Ibis, (1) 4:350. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1873.5.12.170. 
Gilolo Island, Northern Moluccas, 1860. Collected by Allen. 
Wallace Collection. 

Listed as the type by Seebohm, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 5 (1881) : 
110 and registered as such. There are other syntypes in the col- 
lection. 

insularis — Aethopyga siparaja insularis Delacour and Jabouille, 1928 46 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 48 : 134. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1928.6.26.11. Phu-Quoc Island, Coast of Cochin China, 25 Dec. 
1927. Collected by J. Delacour and P. Jabouille on the 4th Ex- 
pedition to Indo-China. Presented by J. Spedan Lewis. 

insularis — Amadina insularis V^aWact, X^bA .60 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1863 (publ. 1864) : 495. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1873.5. 1 2. 138 1. East Timor, 1861. Collected 
by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 312. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 



262 insularis 

insularis — Biichanga insularis Sharpe, 1877 . . . . .64 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 3 : 253. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1876.6.6.7. (M.P. Galla, Uva, 4,000', on label). East Ceylon, 
20 Sept. 1875. Collected and presented by W. V. Legge. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

insularis — Chloropsis aurifons insularis Whistler & Kinnear, 1932 . 22 
J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc, 35 : 752. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1886.9.1.740. Cotta, N.P., Ceylon, 18 June 1878. Collected 
by the Hart brothers. Hume Collection. 

insularis — Dissemurus paradiseus insularis Hachisuka, 1926 64 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 47 : 58. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1886.3.1.2416. Sarawak, Borneo, 20 Sept. 1877. Collected for 
A. O. Hume. Hume Collection. 

insularis — Fringillaria insularis OgiW\e-Grant and Forbes, 1889 . 49 
Bull. Liverpool Museum, 2 : 2. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1899.8.11.60. Sokotra. (Adho Dimellus, 3,500', 10 Feb. 1899, 
on label.) Collected by W. R. Ogilvie-Grant and H. O. Forbes. 
Presented by the Royal Society. 

This is the authors' selected male syntype and the label is in- 
scribed "type." The selected female and other syntypes are also in 
the collection. 

insularis — Hylophilus insularis V. L. Sclater, IS61 . . .56 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 : 128. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1886.9.15.310. Tobago. Collected by J. Kirk. Sclater Col- 
lection, obtained by him from Sir W. Jardine. 

insularis — Myiophoneus insularis Gould, 1862 . . .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1862 : 280. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1863.2.16.6. Northern Formosa. Collected by R. Swinhoe. 
Swinhoe Collection. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

insularis — /'o^'^er /«5i//om P. L. Sclater and Hartlaub, 1881 61 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1881 : 169, pi. 16. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1881.3.21.20. Socotra, 22 March 1880. Collected by 
I. B. Balfour. Presented by the Socotra Committee. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 

insularis — Phoenicothraupis insularis SaWm, \%%% . . .51 

Ibis, (5) 6 :259. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1885.9.9.753. 
Maco Island, off Northern Yucatan, Nov. 1885. Collected by 
G. F. Gaumer. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

insularis — Pycnonotus plumosus insularis Chasen & Kloss, 1929 . 21 
J. Orn., 1929 (2) : 115. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1947. 
60.48. Banguey Island, British North Borneo, 3 Sept. 1927. 
Collected by F. N. Chasen & C. B. Kloss and presented by the 
Raffles Museum, Singapore. 



intermedia 263 

intacta — Pachycephala intacta Sharpe, 1900 . . . .39 

Ibis, (7) 6:343. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1900.1.10.38. 

South-west Bay, Mallicollo Island, New Hebrides. Collected and 

presented by A. M. Farquhar. 

Of the several specimens collected this was labelled as the type. 

intensa — Pogonocichla intensa Sharpe, 1901 . . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 11 : 67. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1901.10.20.2. Entebbe, 3,800', Uganda, 22 April 1900, (on label; 
20 April in text). Collected by W. G. Doggett and presented by 
Sir H. H. Johnston. 

See C. H. B. Grant & Mackworth-Praed, Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 61 
(1941) : 38 for a note on the type-locality. 

intensiflava — Araclmothera chrysogenys intensiflava E. C. S. Baker, 

1925 46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 46 : 14. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1886.12.1.1203. Kossoom, Tenasserim, 30 Aug. 1879. Collected 
by J. Darling. Hume Collection. 

intensum — Dicaeum chrysorrhaeum intensum E. C. S. Baker, 1921 . 45 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 41 : 108. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1897. 
12.10.942. Sikkim, nothern India, Nov. 1873. (probably col- 
lected by L. Mandelli). Presented by Col. J. Biddulph. 

intensus — Serilophus intensus Robinson & Kloss, 1916 . . 1 

J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc, 73 : 276. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1920.6.29.192. 3,100', Siolak Dras, Korinchi Valley, 
west Sumatra, 19 March 1914. Collected and presented by H. C. 
Robinson and C. B. Kloss. 
There is a female syntype in the collection. 

intercedens — Ptilorhis intercedens Sharpe, 1882 . . .70 

J. Linn. Soc. Lond., 16 : 444. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1880.9.13.49. East Cape, South-east New Guinea. Collected by 
C. Hunstein. Purchased of E. Gerrard. 
The male syntype is in the collection. 

interioris — Monticola imerina interioris Salomonsen, 1934 . 31 

Novit. ZooL, 39:211. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1931. 
8.18.2467. Manjakatompo, Ankaratra Mountains, east-central 
Madagascar, 14 May 1929. Collected by J. Delacour on the 
Archbold-Vernay Expedition. 

interjector — Saltator cayanus interjector Chuhh, 1921 . .50 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (9) 8 : 445. Holotype, Adult male. Rejg. 
no. 1903.12.20.100. Serra da Chapada, Matto Grosso, Brazil, 
29 June 1902. Collected by A. Robert. Presented by Mrs Sladen, 
from the Percy Sladen Expedition to Central Brazil. 

intermedia— /I /aj/Ja intermedia Swinhoe, 1863. .17 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863 : 89. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 



264 intermedia 

1890.1.29.80. Shanghai, Jan. Collected by Capt. Blakiston. 
Seebohm Collection. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

intermedia — Arachnechthra intermedia Hume, 1870 . .46 

Ibis, (2) 6 :436. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886.12.1.579. 
Tipperah, Eastern Bengal, Jan. 1870. Collected by V. Irwin. 
Hume Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

intermedia — Certhia himalayana intermedia Kinnear, 1921 . 44A 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 41 : 139. Holotype, Adult. Reg. No. 1905. 
9.10.529. Mt. Victoria, 6,500', South Chin Hills, 13 March 1904. 
Collected and presented by G. Rippon. 

Renamed C.familiaris ripponi by Kinnear, op. cit. 49 (1929) : 109 
on the grounds of preoccupation by C. intermedia of Miiller, /// 
Linnaeus Syst. Nat. Siippl., (1776) : 98. 

intermedia — Cryptolopha intermedia La Touche, 1 898 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 7 : 37. Adult female. Reg. no. 1898.8.12.1. 
This specimen was one of the two original syntypes, vide La 
Touche, Ibis, (11)5 (1923) : 408-9, but was subsequently recognised 
as belonging to another population, and La Touche appears to have 
designated the male as a lectotype, reducing this specimen to 
a paralectotype. 

intermedia — Dumeticola intermedia Oatcs, ISSO . . .35 

Stray Feathers, 9 : 220. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886.7.8. 
1912. (Kyaikpadeiu, on label), lower Pegu River, 24 Jan. 1880. 
Collected by E. W. Oates. Hume Collection. 

This specimen was labelled as the type but there are several other 
syntypes in the collection. 

intermedia — Euphonia nigricollis intermedia Chuhh, \9\0 . . 51 
Ibis, (9) 4 : 624. ?Holotype. Adult male. Reg. no. 1885.6.4.68. 
Roraima, 3,500', British Guiana, 9 May 1883. Collected by H. 
Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

Listed as type by Hellymayr and Conover, Catalogue of birds of 
the Americas, 9 (1936) : 18. W. L. Sclater {MS. notes, now des- 
troyed) stated "this bird must obviously have been the type of 
Chubb's race, though not specifically mentioned." 

intermedia — Lillia intermedia Hume, 1877 .18 

Stray Feathers, 5 : 263. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1887. 
2.1.878. Suddya, east Assam, 8 June 1877. Collected by J. 
Cockburn. Hume Collection. 

intermedia — Paradigalla intermedia Ogilvie-Grant, 19\3 . 70 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 31 : 105. Holotype, Sub-adult male. Reg. 
no. 1916.5.30.1072. Camp 6C, Pundak-Padang, 5,500', Utakwa 
River, Dutch New Guinea, 25 Feb. 1913. (Collected by C. B. 
Kloss, on label). Presented by the British Ornithologists' Union 
New Guinea Expedition. 



intermedia 265 

intermedia — Pitta soror interfnedia Delacour, 192S . .12 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 49 : 49. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1928.6.26.90. Phuqui, nothern Annam, southern Indo-China, 
9 March 1928. Collected by J. Delacour, W. P. Lowe, and P. 
Jabouille, on the 4th Anglo-French Expedition to Indo-china. 

intermedia — Prinia intermedia Jackson, 1910 . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 27 : 7. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1910.10.8.4. Northern Uaso, 3,000', Nyiro, East Africa, 17 July 
1909 (August, on label). Collected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

intermedia — Prionops intermedia Sharpe, 1901 , . .23 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 11 : 47. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1897.12. 
9.12. Teita, British East Africa, 9 June 1897. Collected and 
presented by C. Stuart Betton. 

intermedia — Saxicoloides fulicata intermedia Whistler & Kinnear, 

1933 31 

J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc, 36 : 73. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1886.10.1.420. Rahuri, Ahmednagar, Eastern Ghats, India, 
21 April 1869. Collected by the Rev. H. J. Bruce. Hume Col- 
lection. 

intermedia — Stizorhina vulpina intermedia Clarke, 1913 . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 31 : 107. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.12.11.52. Bunjako, Entebbe, Uganda, 10 Nov. 1905. Col- 
lected by and purchased of E. Degen. 

intermedia — Strepera intermedia Sharpe, 1877 . . .68 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 3 (1877) : 59. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1876.1.31.12. Port Lincoln, South Australia. Collected by J. 
Gould. Purchased of E. Gerrard. 

There is another syntype in the collection. 

intermedia — Suthora poliotis intermedia K'mnear, 1944 . . 33 

Ibis, 86 : 70. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1935.4.5.386. 
Yonpu La, 8,000', near Trashigong, east Bhutan, 2 Nov. 1934. 
Collected and presented by F. Ludlow and G. Sherriff. 

Renamed Paradoxornis poliotis crocotius by Kinnear, 1954 {q.v.) 
on grounds of preoccupation. 

intermedia — Timalia pileata intermedia Kinnear, 1924 . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 45 : 9. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1888. 
4.20.938. Tonghoo, Burma, 19 Dec. 1874. Collected by R. G. 
Wardlaw Ramsay. Tweeddale Collection. 

intermedia — Volvovicora intermedia Hume, ]S11 . . .20 

Stray Feather.s, 5 : 205. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886.4.1. 
227. Mergui, Tenasserim, 2 Dec. 1874. Collected by W. Davison. 
Hume Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 



266 intermedia 

intermedia — Yuhina nigrimentum intermedia Rothschild, 1923 . 32B 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 43 : 11. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1922.12.7.280. Mekong-Salween Divide, Yunnan, 27 July 1921. 
Collected by G. Forrest. Presented by S. R. Clarke. 

intermedia — Zosterops intermedia Wallace, 1864 . . . .47 

Froc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863 (publ. 1864) : 492. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1873.5.12.111. Macassar, South Celebes Group, 
1856. Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

Wallace used a G. R. Gray MS. name. This specimen was listed 
as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 9 (1884) : 185, but 
Wallace referred to specimens from two localities. 

intermedium — Pellornewn intermedium Sharpe, 1883 . . . 32B 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 : 519, pi. 13. Syntype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1881.10.17.6. Dilkooska, Cachar, India, 11 May 1878. 
Collected by J. Inglis and purchased of Watkins and Doncaster. 
The immature syntype is also in the collection. 

intermedius — Allot rius intermedius Hume, 1877 .... 32B 
Stray Feathers, 5:112, 115. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1886.11.1.855. Halfway between Panaduba and Mooleyit, Tenas- 
serim, Burma, 28 Jan. 1877 (on label). Collected by W. Davison 
(on label). Hume Collection. 

intermedius — Farus afer intermedius Shelley, 1900 . .42 

Birds of Africa, 2 : 223, 241. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1890.12.20.85. Potchefstroom, Transvaal, 7 June 1877. Col- 
lected by T. Ayres for J. H. Gurney. Presented by A. G. Gurney 
Jnr. for J. H. Gurney. 

intermedius — Fhilentoma intermedius Hume, 1880 .37 

Stray Feathers, 9 : 113. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1886. 
4.1.3081. Gunong Palai, Johore, Malaya, 6 March 1880. Col- 
lected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 

intermedius — Floceus intermedius Riippell, 1845 . . .61 

Systematische Uebersicht der Vogel nord-ost Afrikd's : 71. Holo- 
type, Adult male (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1861.5.8.41. Shoa, 
Abyssinia. Collected by W. C. Harris. Presented by the Honour- 
able East India Company Museum. 

intermedius — Schoeniparus intermedius Rippon, 1900 . . . 32B 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 11 : 11. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1900. 

12.20.285. Nanoi, Loi Mai, South Shan States, 27 March 1899. 
Collected and presented by G. Rippon. 

intermedius — Sphenoeacus intermedius Shelley, 1882 . . .35 

Froc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1882 : 337. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1895.5.1.968. Kaflfraria, South Africa, 25 Dec. 1876. Collected 
by Barratt. Shelley Collection. 



iracunda 267 

interposita — Chalcoparia singalensis interposita Robinson and KIoss, 

1921 46 

J. Fed. Malay States Mus., 10 : 209. Syntype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1927.4.18.1013. Ban Kok Klap, Bandon, North-East 
Malaya, 30 June 1913. Collected and presented by H. C. Robinson. 

interpositor — Kittacincla malabarica interpositor Robinson, 1922 31 

J.F.M.S. Mus., 10 : 262. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1936.4 
12.1497. Daban, south Annam, 14 March 1918. Collected by 
R. B. Kloss and presented by the Raffles Museum Singapore. 

This is the author's selected male. His selected female syntype 
is also in the collection. 

interscapularis — Megalurus interscapularisF. L. Sclater, 1880 . . 35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1880 : 65, pi. 6. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1881.3.29.25. New Britain. Collected by and purchased of 
the Rev. G. Brown, from his fifth collection. 

intersicolor — Procarduelis nipalensis intensicolor E. C. S. Baker, 1925 59 
Bull. Brit. Om. CI., 45 : 92. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1922.12.7.455. Mekong-Salwin Divide, north-west Yunnan, 20 
Sept. 1921. Collected by G. Forrest. Stephenson Clarke Col- 
lection. 

iodura — Oreocincla iodura Gould, 1872 . . . . .31 

Ann. Mag. not. Hist., (4) 9 : 401. Holotype or Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1881.5.1.737. Queensland. Gould Collection. 

Listed as type by Seebohm, Monograph of the Turdidae, 1 (1902) : 
23. 

iora^Phoenicomanes iora Sharpe, 1874 . . . . .22 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1874 : 427. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1874.6.13.3. Jamaica (error, Malacca, vide Sharpe, Ann. Mag. 
not. Hist., (4) 16 (1875) : 236). Purchased of P. Boucard. 

iouschistos — Parus iouschistos Blyth, 1845 . . . . .42 
in Hodgson and Blyth, /. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 13, 1844 (publ. April 
1845) : 943. Described by Blyth from a specimen in the Museum 
of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, in Calcutta; now in the collection of 
the Zoological Survey of India. The specimens referred to as types 
by Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 8 (1883) : 58, are not valid. 
Hodgson's name in Gray, Zoological Miscellany, (1844) : 83, is a 
nomen nudum. Hodgson's description of his own specimens in 
Ann. Mag, not. Hist., 15 (1845) : 326, was not apparently published 
until May of that year. 

iracunda — P/p/a /mfw«c/a Salvin and Godman, 1884 ... 8 
Ibis, (5) 2 :447. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1888.1.20.36. 
Roraima, 3,500', British Guiana, 20 June 1883. Collected by 
H. Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 



268 irbii 

irbii — /4oWw/fl /VZ?/'/ Sharpe and Dresser, 1871 . . .40 

Pioc. zool. Soc. Loncl., 1871 : 312. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1872.10.3.54. Gibraltar. Collected and presented by Major 
Irby. 

iris— P/z/fl /m Gould, 1842 12 

Birds of Australia, 4, pt. 6 : pi. 3. Syntype, Adult (female, on label), 
(relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1842.1.13.56. North Coast of Australia 
(Cobourg Peninsula, vide Proc. zool. Soc. LomL, 1842 : 17). Col- 
lected and presented by Capt. W. Chambers R.N. of H.M.S. 
Pelorus. 

irwini — Calornis irwini Hume, 1873 .62 

Stray Feathers, 1 :481. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1887.7.1.796. 



Tipperah, Bengal, March 1869. Hume Collection. 
There are several syntypes in the collection. 



isabellae — Cossypha isabellae G. R. Gxdiy, \^62 . . .31 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (3) 10 : 443. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1862.12.1.9. Cameroons, 7,000'. Collected by Captain 
Burton and presented by Mrs Burton. 

isolata — Aethopyga goiddiae isolata E. C. S. Baker, 1925 . . 46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 46 : 13. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1886.12.1.472. (Aimole, on label)., Manipur, India, (22 April 
1881, on label). Collected by A. O. Hume. Hume Collection. 

isthmicus — Saltator isthmicus P. L. Sclater, 1861 . . .50 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1961 : 130. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.6.12.1064. Isthmus of Panama, 1856. Collected by J. Bell. 
Sclater Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

isura — Cysticola isiira Gould, 1847 35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1847 : 32. (Also Birds of Australia, 3 
(March 1848) : pi. 44.) ?Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1881. 
5.1.188. Port Phillip, Victoria. Collected for T. C. Eyton. 
Gould Collection. 

Gould stated that his specimens came from Port Phillip and 
another locality, and he illustrated only females. Mathews and 
Stone, Austral Avian Record, 1 (1912) : 163 referred only to a male 
type at Philadelphia but De Schauensee, Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. 
Philad., 109 (1957) : 204 claimed this and a female as syntypes. 
There would seem to be no convincing reason why the above 
specimen is not another female syntype. 

itoculo — Phyllastrephus alfredi itoculo Vincent, 1933 . . .21 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 53 : 134. Holotype, Adult male in non- 
breeding condition. Reg. no. 1933.3.1.1. Near Netia, 600', 
14'44' S., 40°04' E., Mozambique Province, Portuguese East Africa, 
2 June 1932. Collected and presented by J. Vincent. 



jacksoni 269 

ituribisciensis — Thryothorus oyapocensis ituribisciensis Brabourne & 

Chubb, 1912 28 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (8) 10 : 262. Syntype, (Immature on label). 

Reg. no. 1922.3.5.3471. Ituribisci River, British Guiana, 1909. 

Collected by F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

jabouillei — Coracina polioptera Jabouillei Dclacour, 1951 .20 

Amer. Mus. Novit., 1497 : 5. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1935.10.23.420. Pleikou, Kontoum district, south Annam, 8 Oct. 
1933. Collected and presented by J. Delacour and P. Jabouille. 

jacksoni — Apalis jacksoni Sharpe, 1891 . . . .35 

Ibis, (6) 3 : 119. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1893.12.1.23. 
Mount Elgon, north-east of Lake Victoria Nyanza, 25 Feb. 1890. 
Collected and presented as the type by F. J. Jackson. 

jacksoni — Bathmocercus jacksoni Sharpe, 1902 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 13 : 10. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1902.12.8.15. Kibera, Ruwenzori Range, East Africa, (30 Jan. 
1902, on label). Collected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

jacksoni — Calamocichla jacksoni 'Neumann, 1901 . .35 

Orn. Mber., 9 : 185. Holotype, Adult (female, on label; im- 
mature, vide Neumann, Novit. Zool., 15 (1909) : 247). Reg. no. 
1901.11.12.1. Ntebbe, Uganda, 7 March 1895. Collected and pre- 
sented by F. J. Jackson. 

jacksoni — Cryptospiza jacksoni Sihar^Q, \9Q2 . . . .60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 13:8. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1902.12.8.3. Ruwenzori, 10 Feb. 1902. Collected and presented 
by F. J. Jackson. 

jacksoni — Drepanoplectes jacksoni Sharpe, 1891 . . .61 

Ibis, (6) 3 : 246, pi. 5. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1893.12.1.3. 
Masai Land (north of Lake Nakuro, on label), Kenya, 22 July 1890. 
Collected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

jacksoni — Dryoscopus jacksoni Sharpe, 1901 . . .23 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 11 : 57. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1901.10.9.2. Mount Elgon, Equatorial Africa (Nandi on label). 
Collected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

jacksoni — Mirafra poecilosterna jacksoni OgUvie-Grant, 1913 . 17 
Ibis, (10) 1:586. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1912.12.9.1. 
Kikuyu, 5,500', 8 Aug. 1904 (in text; Mbagathi R., 8 July on label). 
Collected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

jacksoni — Nectarinia jacksoni Neumann, 1899 . . . .46 

Orn. Mber., 1 : 24. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1899.8.13.6. 
Mau, 8,000', Kenya, (30 Oct. 1895, on label). Collected and 
presented by F. J. Jackson. 



270 jacksoni 

jacksoni — Parisoma jacksoni Sharpe, 1 899 .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 10 : 28. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1899.8.13.8. Mount Elgon, Kenya, (25 Feb. 1890, vide Sharpe, 
Ibis, (6) 4 (1892) : 304). Collected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

jacksoni — Platvstira jacksoni Sharpe, \S9\ . .38 

Ibis, (6) 3 :'445. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1893.12.1.32. 
Sotik, Central East Africa, (7 Oct. 1889, vide Sharpe, Ibis, (6) 4 
(1892) : 301). Collected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

jacksoni — Ploceus jacksoni Shelley, ISSS . .61 

Ibis, (5) 6 : 293^ pi. 7. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1888.6. 
20.1. Kilimanjaro, Tanganyika. Collected for and presented by 
F. J. Jackson. 

jacksoni — Svlviella jacksoni Sharpe, IS97 .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 1 : 6. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897. 
10.31.5. Kamassia, Kenya (6,500', 23 Aug. 1896, on label). Col- 
lected and presented as the type by F. J. Jackson. 

jacksoni — Turdinus jacksoni Sharpe, 1900 ..... 32B 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 11 : 29. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1900.6.22.4. Nandi, Kenya, April 1898. Collected and pre- 
sented by F. J. Jackson. 

jagoensis — £5rn7(/ayago£'/75/5Boyd Alexander, 1898 . . .60 
Ibis, (7) 4 : 85. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1911.12.23.3362. 
Santiago, Cape Verde Islands, 2 Dec. 1897. Collected by Boyd 
Alexander. Boyd Alexander Bequest. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

jagoensis — Pyrgita jagoensis Gould, 1837 . .61 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1837 : 77. Syntype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1867.3.16.79. St. lago Island, Cape Verde 
Islands. Collected by C. Darwin. Purchased of J. Gould, who 
would have obtained the specimens from the Zoological Society, 
from the collection made during the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 324. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

']z\{2i— Pastor jalla Horsfield, 1821 62 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 155. Syntype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.2093. Java, between 1811 and 1816. 
Presented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 

A second mounted syntype was presented at the same time. The 
above was listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 
(1890) : 57. 

jamaicae — Sycalis jamaicae Sharpe, \%%% . . . . .59 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 : 379. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1847.6.8.22. Jamaica. Collected by and purchased of P. H. 
Gosse. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 



japonicus 271 

jamesi — Cislicola subrujicapilla janiesi Lynes, 1930 . .35 

Ibis, (12) 6, Supplement : 217. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1928.10.25.4. Mortimer, Cradock District, Cape Province, 6 Dec. 
1926. Collected by Admiral H. Lynes and B. B. Osmaston. Pre- 
sented by Admiral H. Lynes. 

jamesi — Telephonus jamesi SheWey, 1885 . .23 

Ibis, (5) 3 : 403, pi. 10. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1895.7.12.68. 

Somaliland (Goolis Mountains on label). Collected by and pur- 
chased of E. Lort Phillips. 

jamesii — Phonygama jamesii Sharpe, 1877 . . . . .70 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 3 : 181. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1877. 
4.6.6. Aleya, south-east New Guinea, April 1876. Collected by 
Dr. James. Purchased of T. Higgins. 

jamesoni — Diaphorophyia jamesoni Sharpe, 1890 . . .37 

in J. S. Jameson, Story of the rear column of the Emin Pasha Relief 
Expedition : 414. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1890.3.3.6. 
Yambuya, Aruwhimi River, Upper Congo, 7 Nov. 1887. Col- 
lected by J. S. Jameson. Presented by Mrs Jameson. 

jamesoni — Hyphantornis jamesoni Sharpe, \S90 . .61 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 : 447. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1889.7.25.124. Umvuli River, Southern Rhodesia, 11 Sept. 1880. 
Collected by J. S. Jameson. Shelley Collection. 

jamesoni — Lagonosticta jamesoni SheWey, \8^2 . . .60 

Ibis, (4) 6 : 355. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1889.7.20.343. 
Tatin River, Matabeleland, 9 Dec. 1880. Collected by J. S. 
Jameson. Shelley Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1890) : 283. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

jamesoni — Pholidornis jamesoni Shelley, 1890 . . . .60 
Ibis, (6) 2 : 1 63, pi. 5. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1 890.3.3.7. 
Yambuya, Aruwhimi River, Upper Congo. Collected by J. S. 
Jameson. Presented by Mrs Jameson. 

janeti — Ammomanes deserti janeti K. Memexizhdigen, \933> 17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 53 : 151. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1939.12.9.269. Oued Tamanrasset, 5,200', Ahaggar Plateau, 
Sahara, 23 Feb. 1931. Collected by R. Meinertzhagen. Roths- 
child Bequest. 

japonica — Loxia curvirostra japonica. See appendix, Corrections and 
additions, vol. 2 ........ 59 

japonicus — Parus palustris japonicus Seebohm, \S19 .42 

Ibis, (4) 3 : 32. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1898.9.20.315. Hako- 
dadi, Japan, January. Collected by T. Bhikiston. Seebohm 
Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 



272 jardineii 

jardineii — Crateropus jardineii Smith, 1836 ..... 32B 
Report of the expedition for exploring Central Africa : 45. Syn- 
TYPE, Adult (female, vide Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) : 
473). Reg. no. 1872.10.4.121. Banks of rivers beyond Kurri- 
chaine, South Africa, June 1836. Collected by A. Smith and 
purchased of G. A. Frank. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., loc. cit. Stenhouse, 
Scottish Nat., 1930 : 150, is in error when he states that no original 
specimen is in existence. 

jardinii — Spodiornis jardinii P. L. Sclater, IS66 . . . .49 
Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1866 : 322. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1885.2.10.240. Andes of Quito, Ecuador. Collected by Pro- 
fessor Jameson. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 798. 
The second syntype is not in the collection. 

javana — Hvpothymis azurea javana Chasen and Kloss, 1929 . 37 

Bull. Raffles Mus., 2 : 22. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1947.60.36. Badjoelmati, East coast of Java, 31 Jan. 1920. Col- 
lected by C. B. Kloss. Presented by the Raffles Museum, Singapore, 
as one of the types. 

This is the author's selected female. His selected male syntype 
is also in the collection. 

javana — Kittacincla malabarica javana Kloss, 1921 . .31 

J.F.M.S. Mus., 10 : 210. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1927. 
4.18.538. Karangbolang, south coast of mid-Java, 23 Feb. 1920. 
Collected by C. B. Kloss and presented by H. C. Robinson. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

javanica — Mirafra javanica Horsfield, 1821 . .17 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 159. Holotype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1 880. 1 . 1 .4433. Java. Collected by T. Horsfield 
and presented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 

javanica — Nectarinia javanica Horsfield, 1821 .46 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 167. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1880.1.1.4112. Java, between 1810 and 1817. Collected by T. 
Horsfield. Presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

javanica — Sylvia javanica Horsfield, 1821 . . . . .47 
Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 156. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1860.4.16.172. Java. Collected by T. Horsfield. Presented by 
the Honourable East India Company Museum. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

javanicus — Eurylaimus javanicus Horsfield, 1821 . . . .1 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 170. Holotype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1 880. 1 . 1 . 1 399. Java. Collected by T. Horsfield 
and presented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 



jefferyi 273 

javanicus — rw;"(/j/57ava/?/cM5 Horsfield, 1821 . . . . .31 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 148. Syntype, Immature (tailless). 
Reg. no. 1860.4.16.426. Java. Presented by the Honourable 
East India Company Museum 

The adult syntype is also in the collection, but the immature 
selected answers the type description better. 

javanus — Dicrurus macrocercus javanus Kloss, 192\ . . .64 
/. Federated Malay States Mus., 10 : 208. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1947.60.25. Badjoelmati, Besoeki, East Java, 3 Feb. 
1920. Collected by C. B. Kloss. Presented by the Raffles 
Museum, Singapore. 

javensis — Ceblephyrisjavensis}iorsfidd,lS2l . .20 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 145. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1880. 
1.1.2910. Java. Presented by the Honourable East India Com- 
pany Museum. 

javensis — Copsychus saularis javensis Chasen & Kloss, 1930 . 31 

Bull. Raffles Mus., 4 : 2, 89. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1947.60.40. Wynkoops Bay, south-west Java, 18 March 1920. 
Collected by C. B. Kloss and presented by the Raffles Museum, 
Singapore. 

javensis — Meliphaga javensis Horsfidd,\S2\ . . . .22 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 152 (nomen nudum). 

A specimen in the collection was listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. 
Bds. Brit. Mus., 6 (1881) : 23. 

jebelmarrae — A nthus sordidus jebelmarrae Lynes, 1920 . .19 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 41 : 16. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1920.12.22.538. Jebel Marra, Darfur, Sudan, 12 April 1920 (on 
label; 1912 in text). Collected and presented by H. Lynes. 

jebelmarrae — Fringillaria striolata jebelmarrae Lynes, 1920 49 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 41 : 34. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1920.12.22.595. Jebel Marra, Darfur, Sudan, 1 April 1920. Col- 
lected and presented by H. Lynes. 

jebelmarrae — Lanius excubitor jebelmarrae Lynes, 1923 23 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 43 : 94. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1922.12.8.1238. Jebelmarra highlands, 7,900', Darfur, Sudan, 
28 Nov. 1921. Collected and presented by the Lynes-Lowe 
Expedition. 

jebelmarrae — Saxicola torquata jebelmarrae Lynes, 1 920 31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 41 : 17. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1920.12.22.252. Jebel Marra, 8,000', Darfur, Sudan, 6 April 
1920. Collected and presented by H. Lynes. 

'jcfferyi Eudrepanis jcjferyi OgiWic-Grant, 1894 . . .46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 3 : 50. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897. 



274 jerdoni 

5.13.93. La Trinadad, Benguet District, North-west Luzon, 
Philippines, 7 Jan. 1894. Collected by J. Whitehead. Presented 
by the subscribers to the Whitehead Expedition. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 

jerdoni — Abrornis jerdoni Brooks, 1871 . . .35 

Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 1871 : 249. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1886.4.1.3288. Darjeeling, Sikkim. Collected by T. C. Jerdon. 
Hume Collection. 

This specimen was labelled "Type" but a number of syntypes 
are referred to in the description. 

jerdoni — Accentor jerdoni Brooks, 1872 .30 

/. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 41 (pt. 2) : 327. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1886.10.1.7105. Cashmere, 13 May 1871. Hume Collection. 

jerdoni — Drymoica jerdoni Blyth, 1847 .35 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 16 : 459. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1846. 
4.20.26. Southern India. Collected and presented by T. C. 
Jerdon. 

A second syntype is in the Calcutta Museum, vide W. L. Sclater, 
Ibis, (6) 4 (1892) : 80. 

jerdoni — Oreicola jerdoni Blyth, 1867 . . . .31 

Ibis (2) 3 : 14. New name for Rhodophila melanoleuca Jerdon, 
1863 (^.v.) on the grounds of its preoccupation by Omco/a we/arto- 
leuca Bonaparte, 1854. 

jerdoni — Timalia jerdoni Walden, \S12 .... . 32B 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 10 : 61. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1888.4.20.927. Khasia Hills, Assam. Collected by A. W. Chennell. 
Tweeddale Collection. 

jerdonii — Merva jerdonii Hodgson, 1847 ..... 32B 
Calcutta J. nat. Hist., 8 : 46. Holotype. Reg. no. 1859.3.4.368. 
The Sub-Himalayas, Sikkim, 6,000', collected and presented by B. H. 
Hodgson. 

Hodgson stated that he had only one specimen. This is the only 
Hodgson specimen in the collection. 

jessei — Alaemon jessei Finsch, 1870 ...... 17 

Trans, zool. Soc. Lond., 7 : 273. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1888.9.20.1037. Zoulla, north-east Abyssinia, 9 June 1868. 
Zoulla, north-east Abyssinia, 9 June 1868. Collected by W. Jesse. 
Tweeddale Collection. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 

jessei — Pytelia jessei ShtWty , 1903 . .60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 13 : 76. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1869.10.16.187. Anseba Valley, 4,000', North-east Africa, 27 July 
1868. (Collected by W. Jesse, vide, Shelley, Birds of Africa, 4 
(1905) : 271). Presented by the Governor and Council of Bombay, 
through W. T. Blanford. 



Johnston! 275 

jewan — Hirundo jewan Sykes, 1832 . . .18 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1832 : 83. The specimen listed as type by 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 (1885) : 136, cannot be traced in 
the collection. 

jobiensis — Chalcostetha aspasiajobiensis A. B. Meyer, IS74 . 46 

Sitz. Akad. Wiss. Wien., 70 : 124. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1895.5.1.2342. Ansus, Jobi Island, New Guinea, (April 1873, 
on label). Collected by A. B. Meyer. Shelley Collection. 

jocosus — Campylorhynchusjocosus v. h.Sc\ateT,\S59 . . .28 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 : 371. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1886.9.15.19. Oaxaca, Mexico, March 1858. Collected by A. 
Boucard for A. Salle. Sclater Collection. 

The second syntype is also in the collection. See Sclater, 
Catalogue of American Birds, (1862) : pi. 3. 

johannae — Prionochilus johannae Sharpe, ISSS .45 

Ibis, (5) 6 :201. pi. 4. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1889.1. 
29.20. (Tagusa, on label), Palawan, Philippines, (1 July 1887, on 
label). Collected by and purchased of J. Whitehead. 

Salomonsen, Amer. Mus. Novit., 1990 (1960) : 28, refers to the 
type in the British Museum. 

johannis — Warsangli johannis Clarke, 1919 . . .59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 40 : 48. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1923.8.7.2245. Mush Haled, 4,000', Warsangli, Somaliland, 250 
miles west-south-west of Cape Guardafui, 9 Feb. 1919. Collected 
and presented by Col. J. P. Stephenson Clarke. 

johnsi — Aethopyga sanguinipectus johnsi Robinson and Kloss, 1919 46 
Ibis, (11) 1 : 621, pi. 18. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919. 
12.20.507. Dran, 3,000', South Annam, 15 May 1919. Collected 
and presented by C. B. Kloss. 

johnstonei — Euethia johnstonei howe, 1906 . . .50 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 19:6. Syntype. Adult male. Reg. no. 
1915.5.1.594. Blanquilla Island, Venezuela, (5 April 1906, on 
label). Purchased of P. R. Lowe. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

Johnston! — Merulajohnstoni Sharpe, \906 . . . .31 

Ibis, (8) 6 : 543. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1901.10.20. 
34. Entebbe, 3,800', Uganda, 22 April 1900. Presented by Sir H. 
Johnston. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

Johnston! — MusicapajolmstoniShe\\ey,\SS4. .37 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1884:555. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1885.6.14.12. Kilimanjaro, 6,000', East Africa. Col- 
lected by H. H. Johnston. Presented by the British Association, 
Kilimanjaro Committee. 



276 johnstoni 

Johnston! — Nectarinia johnstoni Shelley, 1885 .46 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1885 : 227, pi. 14. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1885.6.14.33. Kilimanjaro, 11,000', Tanganyika, 1884. 
Collected by H. H. Johnston. Presented by the British Association, 
from the Kilimanjaro Expedition, as the type; and the only specimen 
which came to the collection. 

johnstoni — Pogonocichia iohnstoni Shelley, 1893 . . .31 

Ibis, (6) 5 : 18. Holotype, AduU. Reg. no. 1892.9.10.105. 
Milanji Plateau, Nyasaland, 18 Nov. 1891. Collected by A. 
Whyte and presented by H. H. Johnston. 

johnstoni — Seicerciis ruficapilla johnstoni V^. L. Sclater, 1921 . . 35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 48 : 13. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1897.11.4.73. Kombi, 7,000', Masuka Range, north-west of Lake 
Nyasa, July 1896. Collected by A. Whyte. Presented by H. H. 
Johnston. 

johnstoniae — lanthia johnstoniae Ogilvie-Grant, 1906 .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 16:118. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1907.12.12.39. (Racu Racu Mountains, 8,000', central Formosa, 
Feb. 1906, vide Ogilvie-Grant and La Touche, Ibis, (9) 1 (1907) : 175, 
pi. 4.). Collected by and purchased of W. Goodfellow. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

johnstoniae — Pericrocotus johnstoniae Ogilvie-Grant, 1905 20 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 16 : 18. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1905.11.26.84. Mount Apo, 7,000', south-east Mindanao, Philip- 
pines, March 1905. Collected by W. Goodfellow and purchased of 
Gerrard. 
The male syntype is also in the collection. 

jonesi — Pellorneum ruficeps jonesi E. C. S. Baker, 1920 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI. , 41 : 9. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1920. 
10.28.1. Kalka, 2,000', Baghat State, north-west Himalayas, 26 
Dec. 1919. Collected and presented by A. E. Jones. 

josensis — Antlnis siniilis fosensis C. H. B. Grant & Mackworth-Praed, 

1958 19 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 78 : 18. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1952. 
58.3. Jos, central Nigeria, 20 Sept. 1951. Collected and pre- 
sented by R. E. Sharland. 

josephae — VireojosephaeV.h. Sclater, IS59 . . . . .56 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 : 137, pi. 154. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1886.9.15.254. Pallatanga, Western Ecuador, Aug. 1858. 
Collected by L. Eraser. Sclater Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

josephinae — Euscarthmus josephinae Chubb, 1914 .... 9 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 33 : 132. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1922. 
3.5.2689. Supernaam, Essequebo River, British Guiana, 1910. 
Collected by F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 



kakamegae 277 

josephinae — Synallaxis albigularis josephinae C\mhh, \9\9 . . 3 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 39 : 60. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1922. 
3.5.2403. Mount Roraima, British Guiana, Oct. 1898. Collected 
by F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 

jucunda — Pipreola jucunda P. L. Sclater, 1860 .... 7 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 89, pi. 160. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1888.1.13.1632. Cachi-Llacta, near Nanegal, Ecuador, 
1859. Collected by L. Fraser. Sclater Collection. 

juliae — Nectarophila juliae Tweeddale, ISn . . . .46 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1877 : 547. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1880.11.18.65. Malanipa, Basilan Straits, Philippines, {vide 
op. cit., p. 536), 30 Jan. 1875. Collected for J. Murray. From the 
voyage of H.M.S. Challenger. 
The two other syntypes are in the collection. 

juninensis — Muscisaxicola juninensis Taczanowski, 1884 . . 9 

Ornithologie du Perou, 2 : 214. Adult male. Reg. no. 1888.1.13. 
195. This specimen was collected by Jelski with syntypical material 
at Junin, Central Peru, 1873, but was sent to Sclater in 1874. 
Taczanowski's description was based on the other specimen at 
Warsaw. This specimen has no type status but was referred to as 
an "Authentic specimen" vide Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 
(1888) : 58, and as "one of the original specimens" vide Hellmayr 
and Conover, Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 5 (1927) : 23. 

juninensis — Rhopias spodionota juninensis Chuhh, \91S . . 4 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 38 : 84. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1902.3.13.1234. Perene, 800 m., Junin, Peru, 12 March 1900. 
Collected by P. O. Simons. Simons Collection. 

juninensis — Upucerthia juninensis Chubb, 1914 . . 3 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 35 : 20. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1914. 
12.2.185. Junin, Peru, 20 Feb. 1914. Collected and presented by 
Lord Brabourne. 

kabalii — Erythropygia leucophrys kabalii C. M. N. White, 1944 31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 64 : 49. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1956.16.4. Chikonkwelo stream, Balovale, Northern Rhodesia, 
21 Aug. 1943. Collected and presented by C. M. N. White. 

kakamariae — GymnorhispyrgitakakamariaeStoneham, 1925 . 61 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 45 : 76. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1929. 
8.19.1. Kakamarie, 6-7,000', Karamojo, northern Uganda (north 
of Kampala), 4 May 1924. Collected and presented by H. F. 
Stoneham. 
The female syntype is in the collection. 

kakamegae — Xenocichla kakamegae Sharpe, \900 .21 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 11 : 29. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1900.6.22.3. Kakemega Forest, Nandi, 8 Feb. 1898. Collected 
and presented by F. J. Jackson. 



278 kalahari 

kalahari — Cisticola kalahari Ogilv'ie-Grant, 1910 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. C/., 25 : 121. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 

1911.12.16.123. Molopo River, 3,000', Kalahari Desert, 20 April 

1 909. Collected by R. B. Woosnam, on the Lake Ngami Expedition. 

The female syntype is also in the collection. 

kalahariae — Certhilauda kalahariae Ogilvie-Grant, 1912 . .17 

Ibis, (9) 6 : 375. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1911.12.16.139. 
Lehutitu. 3,000', north Kalahari, Ngamiland, 29 May 1909. Col- 
lected by R. B. Woosnam and presented by the Ngami Expedition. 

kalamantan — Eurvlainnis ochromahis kalamantan Robinson & Kloss, 

1919 . ' 1 

Bull Br. Orn. C/., 40 : 15. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919. 
11.5.13. Anyut Paku, Sarabas district, Sarawak, 27 July 1916. 
Collected by H. C. Robinson and C. B. Kloss and presented by the 
Federated Malay States Museum, Kuala Lumpur. 
The female syntype is in the collection. 

kalulongae — Turdinus kahdongae Sharpe, 1 893 .... 32B 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 1 : 54. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1893.6.21.3. Mount Kalulong, Sarawak, north Borneo. Col- 
lected by C. Hose. Purchased of E. Gerrard. 

kamchatkensis — Nucifraga kamchatkensis Barrett-Hamilton, 1898 71 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 7 : 46. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1898.7. 
4.59. Kamchatka, (Petropavlowsk, 25 Aug. 1897, on label). Col- 
lected and presented by G. E. H. Barrett-Hamilton. 

kangrae — Fulvetta vinipectus kangrae Ticehurst & Whistler, 1924 32B 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 44:71. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1924.3.13.1. Bagh Nala, 6,000', Palumpur, Kangra, north-west 
Himalayas, 27 Dec. 1923. Collected and presented by H. Whistler. 

kangrae — Lophophanes dichrous kangrae Whistler, 1932 42 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 53 : 20. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1932.10.23.1. Koti State, 8,500', near Simla, India, 9 March 1924. 
Collected by A. E. Jones. Presented by A. Whistler. 

kangrae — Phylloscopus pulcher kangrae Ticehurst, 1923 . . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 44 : 29. The author selected as a holotype a 
specimen from the Hume Collection, Reg. no. 1886.7.8.1289., but 
this cannot now be traced. A paratypical series taken at Simla 
during the same month by W. Davison is in the collection. 

kangrae — Procarduelis nipalensis kangrae Whistler, 1939 . . 59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 60 : 16. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1887.6.1.141. Dharmsala, Kangra District, north-west Himalayas, 
April 1970. Collected by E. W. Brooks. Hume Collection. 

kaokoensis — Monticola brevipes kaokoensis Macdonald & Hall, 1857 31 
Ann. Transvaal Mus., 23 : 24. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 



katangae 279 

1950.50.343. Kamanjab, 4,000', Kaokoveld, Damaraland, 19 
April 1950. Collected by F. O. Cave on the British Museum South 
West Africa Expedition. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

karenensis — Aethopyganipalensis karenensis Ticehurst, 1939 . . 46 

Ibis, (14) 3 : 755. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1948.80.2580. 

Nattaung, 8,000', Karenni, Burma, 10 April 1939. Collected by 

P. F. Garthwaite. Presented by P. F. Garthwaite and H. C. Smith. 

Upper mandible of specimen is missing. 

karenni — Alcippe poiocephala karenni Robinson & Kloss, 1922 . 32B 
J. and Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal (new ser.) 18 : 563. New name for 
Alcippe magnirostris Walden, 1875, which is preoccupied, vide 
Moore, Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1854 : 277. 

kasai — Cisticola dambo kasai Lynes, 1936 . . . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 56 : 109. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1936.4.13.1. Near Banda, 2,400', Kwango District, south-west 
Congo, 13 Oct. 1933. Collected by Admiral H. Lynes and J. 
Vincent. Presented by Admiral H. Lynes. 

kasamaensis — Serinus atrogularis kasamaensis Benson, 1955 . . 59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 75 : 108. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1955.42.1. Kasama, 4,300', north-eastern Northern Rhodesia, 
2 Sept. 1953. Collected by C. W. Benson. Presented by the 
National Museums, Southern Rhodesia. 

kashmirensis — Dumeticola thoracica kashmirensis Sushkin, 1925 . 35 
Proc. Bost. Soc. nat. Hist., 38 : 42. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1876.2.12.225. North-western Himalayas. Collected and pre- 
sented by Capt. Stackhouse Pinwell. 

kashmiriensis — Phylloscopus reguloides kashmiriensis Ticehurst, 1933 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 54 : 19. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1886.7.8.975. (Jakko, on label), Simla, Kashmir, 28 Sept. 1877. 

Collected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 
kasokae — Prinia suhflava kasokae C. M. N. 'White, \946 . 35 

Ibis, 88:96. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1956.16.33. 

Mwange Lake, West Balovale, Kuande Lunda Province, Northern 

Rhodesia, 20 June 1943. Collected and presented by C. M. N. 

White. 

katanga — Cisticola natalensis katanga Lynes, 1 930 . . .35 

Ibis, (12) 6, Supplement : 443. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1909.12.31.188. Kambove, 4,500', Haut Luapula District, South- 
east Belgian Congo, 1 March 1907. Collected and presented by 
S. A. Neave. 

katangae — Calainonastes katangae Neave, \909 . . .35 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (8) 4 : 130. Syntype, Adult (female, on label). 



280 katangae 

Reg. no. 1909.12.31.201. Katanga, south-east Congo, (Lufupa 
River, 3 Nov. 1907, vide Ibis, (9) 4 (1910) : 149). Collected and 
presented by S. A. Neave. 

This specimen was labelled as the type but several other syntypes 
were used, one of which is in the collection. 

katangae — Uraegindws bengalus katangae Wmcent, 1934. . 60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 54 : 174. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1934.10.19.1. Elizabethville, Belgian Congo, 17 March 1933. 
Collected by A. W. Vincent. 

kathangorensis — Mirafra hypermetra kathangorensis Ca.\t, 1940 17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 60:96. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1939.8.16.4. Near Kathangor, 1,200', Eastern District, Equatoria, 
Sudan, 13 June 1939. Collected and presented by F. O. Cave. 

kathleenae—5ar/5 A-a//?/e6'//fl£' C. M. N. White, 1941 .38 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 61 : 48. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1954.58.2. Mwinilunga, Northern Rhodesia, 12 Jan. 1940. Col- 
lected by C. M. N. White and received in exchange from him. 

kaurensis — Dryonastes kaurensis Rippon, 1901 . . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 12 : 13. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1901.7.8.5. 
Kauri-Kachin tract, 5,000', east of Bhamo, north-east Burma (May 
1901 on label). Collected and presented by G. Rippon. 

kauriensis — Urocichla kauriensis Harington, 1908 . 32B 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (8) 2 : 246. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1908.8.2.21. Watan, Bhamo District, 5,000', Upper Burma, 8 
April 1908. Collected and presented by H. H. Harington. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

kelsalli — Camaroptera brachyura kelsalli W. L. Sclater, 1927. . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 48 : 16. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1914.4.14.57. Tungea, north-north-east of Bo, Sierra Leone, 12 
Sept. 1922. Collected by and purchased of H. J. Kelsall. 

kelsalli — Fraseria ocreata kelsalli Bannerman, 1922 . . .37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 42 : 68. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1913.7.6.5. York Pass, Sierra Leone, 1 June 1911. Collected and 
presented by H. J. Kelsall. 

kempi — Amaurocichla kempi Sharpe, 1905 . . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 15 : 38. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1905. 
1.25.224. Bo, Sierra Leone, April 1904. Collected by R. Kemp. 
Purchased of E. Gerrard. 
In poor condition and almost tail-less. 

kempi — C/m/jm ^emp/ Ogilvie-Grant, 1910 .46 

Trans, zool. Soc. Lond., 19 : 329. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1905.1.25.181. (Bo, on label). Sierra Leone, (May 1904, on 
label). Collected by and purchased of R. Kemp. 



kidepoensis 281 

ketnpi — Estrilda astrild kempi Bates, 1930 . . . . .60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 51 : 54. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1930.12.3.9. Buedu (1,600', on label), near Kailahun, Sierra Leone, 
16 April 1930. Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

keniana — Argya keniana Jackson, 1910 ..... 32B 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 27 : 7. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1910. 
10.8.1. Emberre, Kenya, 12 Feb. 1908. Collected and presented 
by F. J. Jackson. 

kenricki — Paeoptera kenricki Shelley, 1894 . . . .62 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 3 : 42. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1894.6.30.1. 
Usambara Mountains, (Ngiri River, Massai, between Pangani and 
Kilimanjaro, on label). Collected and presented by R. W. E. 
Kenrick. 

Shelley, The Birds of Africa, 5 (1906) : 120, makes it clear that 
this specimen is the holotype but gives the Usambara Mountains 
as the locality. This might be due to confusion with his other 
specimen, collected in 1879, which was a "female or young" bird. 

kenya — Chloropeta kenya Sharpe, 1901 . . . .35 

Bidl. Brit. Orn. CI., 12 : 35. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1900.1.19.56. Mount Kenya, (West slopes, 10,000', British East 
Africa, 23 Aug. 1899, vide Sharpe, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1900 : 608). 
Collected by and purchased of H. J. Mackinder. 

khasiana — ^cr//?i/ra A7;fl5/fl/;fl Godwin-Austen, 1876 . . .323 
J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 45, pt. 2 : 76 Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1895.7.14.1427. Shillong, Khasia Hills. Collected by H. H. 
Godwin-Austen. Godwin-Austen Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

khasiana — Suya khasiana Godwin-Austen, 1876 . . .35 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 18 :411. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1895.7.14.1575. Shillong, Khasia Hills, Assam, (21 May, on 
label). Collected and presented by H. H. Godwin-Austen. 

This specimen was labelled as the type by the author but there 
are several other syntypes in the collection. 

kibaliensis — TrochocercuskibaliensisBoyd A.\Q\av\dier,\9Ql 38 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 19 : 88. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1911. 
12.23.1429. Kibali River, Belgian Congo, 6 Aug. 1906. Collected 
by Boyd Alexander on the Alexander-Gosling Expedition. Boyd 
Alexander Bequest. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

kidepoensis — Mirafra hypermetra kidepoensis Macdonald, 1940 . 17 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 60 : 59. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1939.10.1.85. Eros, 4,000', south edge of Didinga Mts., south 
Sudan, approx. 4"6' N., 33 44' E., 17 March 1939. Collected and 
presented by J. D. Macdonald. 



282 kigomaensis 

kigomaensis — Symplectes bicolor kigomaensis C. H. B. Grant & 

Mackworth-Praed, 1956 61 

Bull. Br. Orii. CI., 76 : 33. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1945.34.526. Kazinga, near Kigoma, western Tanganyika, 27 
Sept. 1940. Collected and presented by R. E. Moreau. 

kigomaensis — Uraeginthus bengalus kigomaensis C. H. B. Grant and 

Mackworth-Praed, 1956 60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 76 : 34. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1946.85.95. Kigoma, western Tanganyika, 26 April 1946. Col- 
lected and presented by D. H. A. Bell. 

kikuyuensis — Alethe kikuyuensis Jackson, 1910 . . . .31 
Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 27 : 7. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1933. 
5.29.8. Kikuyu Forest, 5,400', Kenya, 7 Feb. 1909. Collected by 
F. J. Jackson and purchased of W. F. H. Rosenberg. 

This is the author's selected syntype. The female syntype is also 
in the collection. 

kikuyuensis — Xenocichia kikuyuensis Sharpe, 1891 .21 

Ibis, (6) 3:118. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1893.12.1.30. 
Kikuyu, East Africa. Collected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

kikuyuensis — Zosterops kikuyuensis Shaxpc, \^9\ . . . .47 
Ibis, (6) 3 : 444. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1893.12.1.14. 
Kikuyu, Kenya, 15 Aug. 1889. Collected and presented by F. J. 
Jackson. 

kilimensis — AlcippekilimensisS,\\t\\ty,\2>%9 . . . . 32B 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1889 : 364. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.3.21.183. Kilimanjaro, 6,000', East Africa, 6 Aug. 1888. 
Collected and presented by H. C. V. Hunter. 

kilimensis — Coccopygia kilimensis Sharpe, 1 890 . . . .60 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 : 307. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1889.3.21.76. Kilimanjaro District, 5,000', Tanganyika, 6 Aug. 
1888. Collected and presented by H. C. V. Hunter. 

kilimensis — Cryptospiza salvadorii kilimensis W. L. Sclatev, 1934 60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 55 : 13. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1934.6.18.60., near Ngare, 5,750', Nairobi North River, west side 
of Kilimanjaro, 7 Feb. 1934. Collected and presented by R. 
E. Moreau. 

kilimensis — Nectarinia kilimensis Sh.e\ley,\S84 . . . .46 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1884 : 555. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.6.14.1. Kilimanjaro, 5,000', Tanganyika, 1884. Collected 
by H. H. Johnston. Presented by the British Association, from the 
Kilimanjaro Expedition. 

This is the author's selected male. His selected female and other 
syntypes are also in the collection. 



kinneari 283 

kilosa — Turdoides hypoleucakilosaWincent, 1935 .... 32B 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 55 : 176. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1935.5.11.1. Kibedya, 3,600', Kilosa, Tanganyika, 22 June 1934. 
Collected and presented by N. R. Fuggles-Couchman. 

kinabaluensis — Cryptolopha kinabaluensis Sharpe, 1901 . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 11 : 60. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1897.7.2.880. Kina Balu, 8,000', North Borneo, 14 Feb. 1888. 
Collected by J. Whitehead. Seebohm Bequest. 

This specimen was labelled as the type but there are two other 
syntypes in the collection. 

king! — Saxicola kingi Hune, ISl I . . .31 

Ibis, (3) 1 :29. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1886.7.8. 
4526. Jodhpur, Rajputana, India, 29 Oct. 1868. Collected by G. 
King. Hume Collection. 

kinneari — Actinoduraramsayi kinneari Delacour, 1927 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 47 : 162. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1927.6.5.18. Tam Dao, Tonkin, 12 Jan. 1926. Collected by J. 
Delacour, P. Jabouille and W. P. Lowe on the Third Franco- 
British Expedition to Indochina. 

kinneari — Amniomanes cinctura kinneari Bates, 1935 . . .17 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 55 : 140. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 

1903.2.4.19. 50 miles south of Omdurman, Sudan, 9 Oct. 1902. 
Collected and presented by H. W. Dunn. 

kinneari — Cinnyris habessinicus kinneari Bates, 1935 . . .46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 55 : 120. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1935.5.10.41. Near Sail, 4,000', Talf Plateau, Arabia, 14 April 
1934 (27 April, on label) Collected and presented by H. St. J. B. 
Philby. 

kinneari — Dendrocittarufa kinneari E.C.S. Baker, 1922 . . 71 

The Fauna of British India, Birds. 2nd Edn., 1 : 51. Holotype, 

Adult female. Reg. no. 1887.11.20.213. Tonghoo, Burma, 25 

Oct. 1875. Collected by R. G. Wardlaw-Ramsay. Tweeddale 
Collection. 

kinneari — Eremalauda kinneari Bates, 1 934 . . . . .17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 55 : 19. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1935.5.10.185. Samuda,4,000',Rakba Plain, Arabia, 25 June 1934. 
Collected and presented by H. St. J. Philby. 

kinneari — Melidectes belfordi kinneari Mayr, \936 . . .48 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 57 : 42. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1916.5.3.654. Camp 9, 5,500', Utakwa River, Dutch New Guinea, 
26 Jan. 1913. Collected by C. B. Kloss. Presented by the com- 
mittee of the British Ornithologists' Union Expedition to New 
Guinea. 



284 kinneari 

kinneari — Sitta carolinensis kinneari Van Rossem, 1939 . .43 

Proc. Biol. Soc. Washington, 52 : 3. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1892.3.1.63. Amula (Tixtla), 6,000', Guerrero, Mexico, Aug. 
1888. Collected by D. W. Smith. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

kinnisii — Merula kinnisii Blyth, 1851 . . . . .31 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 20 : 177. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1852.11.26.14. Newera Elia, Ceylon. Collected by and pur- 
chased of Dr. E. F. Kelaart. 

The male syntype is also in the collection. Blyth used Kelaart's 
MS name. 

kirki—Pj/e//a^/>A:/ Shelley, 1903 60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 13 : 76. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1889.7.20.391. Lamu, Kenya. Collected by J. Kirk. Shelley 
Collection. 

kirki — Sigmodiiis scopifrons kirkiV^. L. Sclater, 1924 . . .23 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI. ,'44: 92. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1894.8. 
16.236. Lamu, Kenya coast. Collected by Sir J. Kirk. Shelley 
Collection. 

kirkl^Zosterops kirki Shelley, 1880 47 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1879 (publ. 1880) : 676. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1895.5.1.2214. Grand Comoro Island. Collected 
for Dr. Kirk. Shelley Collection. 

kirkii — Cimiyris kirkii Shelley, 1 876 .46 

Monograph of the Nectariniidae, : 273, pi. 85. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1884.2.6.25. Zambesi. Collected and presented 
by Sir J. Kirk, from the first Livingstone Expedition. 

An associated immature specimen was registered in 1863, and 
although the above specimen appears to have been available from 
that time it was not registered until much later. It is referred to in 
Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 9 (1884) : 292, another specimen 
having been listed as the type in error (Gadow, op. cit. p. 98). 

kirkii — Crateropus kirkii Sharpe, 1 876 ..... 32B 

in Layard, Birds of South Africa, (2nd ed.) : 213. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1863.12.30.11. Mazzaro (on label), north bank of 
Zambesi River. Collected by J. Kirk and presented by Lord Russell, 
Secretary of State for the Colonies. 

kittlitzi— Fn/7g///a A:;7///7z/Seebohm, 1890 59 

Ibis, (6) 2 : 101. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1898.11.1.60. 
Nakondo-Shima, Parry Islands, Bonin Islands, Pacific Ocean, 14 
June 1889. Collected by P. A. Hoist. Seebohm Bequest. 
There are two other syntypes from this locality in the collection. 

kleinschmidti — Myzomela kleinschmidti Sharpe, ISS4 . .48 

//; Gould, Birds of New Guinea, 3, pt. 17 : pi. 65 and text. Holo- 
type, Adult male. Reg. no. 1882.8.19.19. New Britain. Col- 



konyboensis 285 

lected by T. Kleinschmidt. Purchased of Godeffroy Brothers of 
Hamburg. 

kleinschmidti — Parusmontanus kleinsc/u?ndt HeMmayr, 1900 . 42 

Orn. Jahrb, 11 : 212. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1936.10. 
15.7. England, near London, (Coalfall Wood, Finchley, London, 
22 Sept. 1897, on label). Collected by W. Burton. Presented by 
the American Museum of Natural History, from the Rothschild 
Collection. 

klossi — Cvornis rubeculoides klossi Kobmson, \92\ . . .37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 42 : 12. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1947.60.35. Dran, 3,000', South Annam, 18 May 1918. Col- 
lected by C. B. Kloss. Presented by the Raffles Museum, Singapore. 

klossi — Pachycephala soror klossi Ogilvie-Grant, 1915 . . 39 

Ibis, (10) Jubilee Supplement : 88. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1916.5.30.300. Camp 6A, 2,900', Utakwa River, Dutch New 
Guinea. 19 Jan. 1913. Collected by C. B. Kloss. Presented by 
the Committee of the British Ornithologists' Union Dutch New 
Guinea Expedition. 

This is the author's selected male syntype. The selected female 
syntype is also in the collection. 

klossi — Pomatorhinus nuchalis klossi E.C.S. Baker, \9n . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 38 : 9. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1915. 
10.14.113. Klong Menao, south-east Siam, 11 Jan. 1915. Col- 
lected by C. B. Kloss and presented by Kloss and H. C. Robinson. 
This is the author's selected male. His selected female syntype is 
also in the collection. 

klossi — Suva superciliaris klossi Hachisuka, 1926 . . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 47 : 53. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1919.12.20.394. Dalat, South Annam, 7 April 1918. Collected by 
C. B. Kloss. Presented by H. C. Robinson and C. B. Kloss. 

klossii — Myioptioneus klossii Robinson, \915 .31 

Ibis, (10) 3 : 750. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1915.10.14. 
134. KohMehsi,WestIsland,south-eastSiam, 14Dec. 1914. Col- 
lected by C. B. Kloss and presented by Kloss and H. C. Robinson. 

koliensis — Serinus capistratus koliensis C. H. B. Grant, 1952 . . 59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 72 : 1. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1923.8.7.2375. Onyulu's, Koli River, Lango, Uganda, 13 March 
1910. Collected by T. V. Fox. Stephenson Clarke Collection. 

kongboensis — see Sitta europaea konyboensis . . . .43 

konyboensis — Sitta europaea konyboensis KinneaT,\940 43 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 60 : 57. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1938.12.13.272. Molo, 11,000', south-east Tibet, 15 April 1938. 
Collected and presented by F. Ludlow and G. Sherrif. (cont.) 



286 kordofanicus 

The SLibspecific name was corrected to kongboensis on p. 74, 
op. cit. 

kordofanicus — Rhodophoneus cruentus kordofanicus W. L. Sclater & 
Mackworth-Praed, 1918 . .23 

Ibis, (10) 6:633. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1903.2.4.5. 

Ogayeh Wells, western Kordofan, Sudan, 13 Nov. 1902. Collected 

and presented by W. H. Dunn. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

korinchi — Zosterops chlorates korinclii K\oss, \93\ . .47 

Treubia. 13 : 369. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1947.60.62. 
Korinchi Peak, 10,000', Sumatra, 9 May 1914. Collected by 
C. B. Kloss and H. C. Robinson. Presented by the Raffles 
Museum, Singapore. 

koslowskii — Phrygilus ga\i koslowskiiV.K. \.o\yQ, 1927) . . . 49 
Ibis, (11) 5 : 515. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1903.12.8.406. 
Valle del Lago Blanco, Chuput, Patagonia, 10 Oct. 1901. Col- 
lected by J. Koslowsky. Purchased of W. F. H. Rosenberg. 

krefifti—Graa//aA:/-^#r/ P. L. Sclater, 1869 62 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1869 : 120, pi. 9. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1887.1.20.22. Solomon Islands {vide Amadon, Amer. Miis. 
Novit., 1803 (1956) : 34). Presented by P. L. Sclater. 

kruensis — Cinnyris kruensis Bannerman, 1911 . . . .46 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 29 : 23. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.8.318. Nanna Kru, Liberia, West Africa, 20 Jan. 1911. 
Collected by W. P. Lowe. Presented by Capt. E. C. Hardy, RN, 
from the voyage of H.M.S. Mutine. 

The described female syntype is also in the collection. 

kukenamensis — Grallaricula nana kukenamensis Chuhh, \91S . . 4 

Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 38 : 86. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1889.7.10.926. Kukenam Mts., 5,000', British Guiana, 31 Aug. 
1883. Collected by H. Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

kulalensis — Zosterops pallida kulalensis V^Hliams, 194S . 47 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 68 : 101. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1948.1.3. Mount Kulal, Northern Kenya, (20°35' N., 36°55'E., 
6,000', on label), 8 Oct. 1947. Collected by J. G. Williams. Pre- 
sented by the Coryndon Museum, Nairobi. 

kumaiensis — Leiothrix luteakumaiensis Whistler, \943 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 63 : 62. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1886.10.1.6902. Dehra Dun, United Provinces, India, 28 Dec. 
1870. Collected by G. King. Hume Collection. 

kumbaensis — Dyaphoropliyia ansorgei kuinbaensis Serle, 1949 . 38 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 69' : 75. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1949.14.9. Kumba, 700', 4°40' N., 9°25' E., British Cameroons, 
24 Nov. 1947. Collected and presented by W. Serle. 



kungwensis 287 

kumboensis — Alseonax nnirimis kiimboensisBannerman,\92l . . 37 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 42 : 131. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1922.11.25.105. Near Kumbo, 6,000', Nigerian Cameroon High- 
lands, 3 Oct. 1921. Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

kumboensis — Hinindo nifula kumboensis Bamiennan,]923 . 18 

Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 43 : 142. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1922.11.25.80. Kumbo, 5,500', Northern Nigeria, 29 Sept. 1921. 
Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

kundoo — Oriolus kundoo Sykes, 1 832 ...... 63 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1832 : 87. Syntype, Immature. Reg. no. 
1880.1.1.2115. Deccan, India. Collected by W. H. Sykes. Pre- 
sented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 

kungwensis — Alethe poliocephala kungwensisMoTeau,\94l . . 31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 61 : 46. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1945.34.220. Forest above Ujamba, Kungwe Mountain, 6,900', 
western Tanganyika, 13 Aug. 1940. Collected by Salimu Asmani 
for R. E. Moreau and presented by the latter. 

kungwensis — Arizelocichlatephrolaema kungwensis Moreau, 1941 . 21 
Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 61 : 60. Holotype, Adult "male?, female". 
Reg. no. 1940.11.1.3. Ujamba Forest, 6,900', Kungwe Mountain, 
Kigoma District, western Tanganyika, 8 Aug. 1940. Collected by 
Salimu Asmani and presented by R. E. Moreau. 

kungwensis — Bradypterus alfredi kungwensis Moreau, 1942 . . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 62 : 42. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1944.8.1.4. Ujamba, 7,600', Kungwe Mountain, Western Tangan- 
yika, August 1941. Collected for, and presented by R. E. Moreau. 

kungwensis — Cossypha polioptera kungwensis Moreau, 1941 . . 31 
Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 61 : 60. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1940.11.1.2. Ujamba Forest, 7,900', Kungwe Mountain, Kigoma 
district, western Tanganyika, 8 Aug. 1940. Collected by Salimu 
Asmani for R. E. Moreau and presented by the latter. 

kungwensis — Diaphorophyia ansorgei kungwensis Moreau, 1941 38 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 61 : 25. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1945.34.42. Ujamba, 7,000', Kungwe Mountain, East shore of 
Lake Tanganyika, 4 Aug. 1940. Collected by Salimu Asmani for 
R. E. Moreau and presented by the latter. 

kungwensis — Dryoscopus angolensis kungwensis Moreau, 1941 23 

Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 61 : 45. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1945.34.378. Nganja, 3,000', Kungwe Mountain, western Tan- 
ganyika, 27 Aug. 1940. Collected by Salimu Asmani for R. E. 
Moreau and presented by the latter. 

kungwensis Phyltastrephus flavostriatus kungwensis Moreau, 1941 21 
Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 62 : 29. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 



288 kupeensis 

1940.11.1.4. Forest above Ujambe, 6,800', Kungwe Mountain, 
western Tanganyika, 17 Nov. 1940. Collected by Salimu Asmani 
and presented by R. E. Moreau. 

kupeensis — Chlorophoneus kupeensis Serle, 1951 . . . .23 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 71 : 41. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1951.34.1. Kupe Mountains, 4°45' N., 9°40' E., Kumba Division, 
British Cameroons, 2 Nov. 1949. Collected by G. Nkwocha for 
Dr. W. Serle and presented by the latter. 

kurdistanica — Sittaneiimaver kurdistanica Ticehuvst, 1923 43 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 44 : 28. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1924.3.20.504. (collector's no. 1721). Tang-i-Dorq, 2,000', 
Dohuk, Kurdistan, 19 Oct. 1922. Collected by V. S. La Personne. 
Presented by Sir P. Cox, and R. E. Cheesman. 

kurilensis — Pyrrhula kurilensis Sharpe, \SS6 . . .59 

The Zoologist, 1886:485. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1858.11.20.25. Kurile Islands, North-west Pacific. Purchased of 
Brandt; through Jamrach. 

kurrae — Mirafraafricanakurraehynes,\923 . . . .17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 43 : 95. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1922. 
12.8.1561. Kurra, 5,000', north-east Jebel Marra, Darfur, Sudan, 
24 Feb. 1921. Collected and presented by the Lynes-Lowe Exped- 
ition. 

lactea — Polioptila lactea Sharpe, 1885 34 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 : 453. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1884. 
5.15.220. South America, ('Rio' make of skin, vide Hellmayr, 
Catalogue of birds of the Americas, 1 (1934) : 494). Collected for 
the dealer Argent. Sclater Collection. 

ladacensis — Acanthis flavirostris ladacensis R. and A. Meinertzhagen, 

1926 59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 46:96. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1891. 
7.22.282. Leh, 10-15,000', Ladak, Southern Tibet, 4 Sept. 1873. 
Collected by F. Stoliczka. Received in exchange from the Indian 
Museum, Calcutta. 

laemosticta — Myrmeciza laemosticta Salvin, 1864 ... 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1864 : 582. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.7.10.644. Tucurrique, Costa Rica. Collected by E. Arce. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 

laemostictus— jD/cn/nw /ae7?705rzc/M5 P. L. Sclater, 1877 . . 64 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., \%11 : 101. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1887.12.1.1088. New Britain, Oct. 1875. Collected by the 
Rev. G. Brown. Tweeddale Collection. 

laeta — Cryptolopha laeta Sharpe, 1902 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 13:9. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1902.12.8.12. Ruwenzori Mountains, West Uganda, 11 Feb. 
1902. Collected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 



lahtora 289 

laeta—Haenwphila laeta Salvin, 1895 .... 49 

Noxit. ZooL, 2 : 8. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no.'l896 10 6 334 
Carjabamba, 9,000', northern Peru, Jan. 1894. Collected by 6. t' 
Baron. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

\aetior~MeIithreptes laetior Gou\d, IS7 5 ... 48 

Ann. Mag. not. Hist., (4) 16 : 287. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1881.5.1.4328. Lake Eyre, interior of Australia. Collected 
by F. W. Andrews. 

The specimen referred to as a paratype by Hindwood Records 
of the Australian Museum, 21 (1946) : 391 probably was not seen by 
Gould. 

\?ittioT—OrioIus laetior Sharpe, 1 897 . . . 63 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 1 : 17. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1873 9 10 5 
Danger River, Gaboon, West Africa. Collected and presented by 
H. Ansell. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

laetissimus— .^/zt/z-o/jflf/w^ /ae/m//?!2/5 Sharpe, 1989. 21 

Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 10 : 27. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1900.6.22.1. Nandi, Kenya. Collected and presented by F J 
Jackson. 

laetissimus— Ca/77oc/flfj/5 laetissinms Walton, 1 905 59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 15 : 93. Syntype, Adult female. Reg no 
1905.12.31.254. Lhasa, Tibet, 21 Sept. 1904. Collected and 
presented by H. J. Walton. 
The male syntype is also in the collection. 

Iagdeni—Lomon?/5 /o^(^em Sharpe, 1884 23 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1884 : 54, pi. 5. Holotype,' Adult. Reg 
no 1884.1.15.8. Ashantee, West Africa (restricted to Kumasi by 
Hall, Moreau & Galbraith, Ibis, 108 (1966) : 170). Collected and 
presented by Sir Geoffrey Lagden. 

lagepa—/i/owa'a /a^e/ja Smith, 1843 17 

Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa, 2 {Aves) ': pi. 87, 
fig. 1. Syntype, Adult male (nearly attained full summer plumage' 
vide Shelley, Birds of Africa, 3 (1902) : 34), (relaxed mount). Reg! 
no. 1845.7 6.213. Between Berg and Orange Rivers. Collected 
by and purchased of Sir A. Smith. 

There is another syntype in the collection; both were listed as 
types by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 524. A third 
syntype is at the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia. 

lahtora— C0/////-/0 M/0/-0 Sykes, 1832 ... 23 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1 832 : 86. Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount) 
Reg. no. 1880. 1.1. 1421. Deccan, India. Collected by W. Sykes 
and presented by the Honourable East India Company Museum 



290 lamberti 

lamberti — Mahinis lamberti Wigors and Horsfidd, \S27 36 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15 : 221. Syntype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1863.7.7.22a. Australia (restricted to New 
South Wales by Gould, Synopsis of the Birds of Australia, (1837). 
A recent label is inscribed with the locality Port Jackson and 
collector J. Brown, but no authority can be found for this). Pre- 
sented as the type by the Linnean Society of London. 

lamprotis — Calliste lamprotisV.l.. Sdaitv, \%5\ . .51 

in Jardine, Contributions to Ornithology : 65. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1846.9.9.120. Bolivia. Collected by and purchased of 
T. Bridges. 

lanaiensis — Hemignathus lanaiensis Koih?,c\vAdi, \'&9'i . . .55 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 1 : 24. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1939.12.9.55. Lanai Island, Sandwich Islands, 15 Nov. 1892. 
Collected by H. C. Palmer. Rothschild Bequest. 

A male syntype is in the American Museum of Natural History, 
vide, Hartert, Novit. ZooL, 26 (1919) : 170. 

landanae — Lagonosticta landanae Sharpe, 1890 . . . .60 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 : 283, pi. 12. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.7.20.336. Landana, Angola, Feb. 1883. Collected by 
L. Petit. Shelley Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

langbianis — Muscicapula melanoleuca langbianis Kloss, 1927 . 37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 47 : 145. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1927.6.1.1. Arbre Broye, Langbian Massif, South Annam, 14 May 
1918. Collected and presented by C. B. Kloss. 

laotianus — Alcippe nipalensis laotianus Delacour, 1926 . . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 47:19. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1926.9. 
8.24. Xieng-Khouang, Laos, 28 Dec. 1925 (not 20 Dec. as in text). 
Collected by J. Delacour on the Second Franco-British Expedition 
to Indo-China. 

This is the author's selected male. His selected female syntype is 
also in the collection. 

laotainus — Pomatorhinus tickelli laotianus Delacour, 1926 . . 32B 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 47 : 16. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1926. 
9.8.17. Xieng-Khouang, Laos, 3 Jan. 1926. Collected by J. 
Delacour on the Second Franco-British Expedition to Indo-China. 
This is the author's selected male. His selected female syntype is 
also in the collection. 

laotianus — Spizixus canifrons laotianus Delacour, 1926 . . .21 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 47 : 14. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1926. 
9.8.15. Noug-Het, Laos, 13 Dec. 1925. Collected by J. Delacour 
on the Second Franco-British Expedition to Indo-China. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 



latirostris 29 1 

laotianus — Turdinuhis epilepidotus laotianus lyelacour, 1926 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Om. CI., 41 : 11. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1926.9.8.21. Xieng-Khouang, Laos, 8 Jan. 1926. Collected by 
J. Delacour on the Second Franco-British Expedition to Indo- 
China. 

larutensis — Artamides larutensis Sharps, IS81 . . . .20 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1887 : 435. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1886.12.22.4. Larut Hills, mountains of Perak, Malaya. 
Collected and presented by L. Wray. 

lateralis — Drymoica lateralis Fraser, 1843 . . . .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1843 : 16. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1847.1.18.55. Cape Palmas, Liberia, July 1841. Col- 
lected by and purchased of L. Fraser. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 (1883) : 252. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

latbami — Emberiza lathami J. E. Gray, \S3\ . . . .49 

Zoological Miscellany, : 2. Holotype, Adult male (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. Old Vellum Cat. 18, no. 31a. China, (Canton, vide 
Ticehurst, Bull. Brit. Om. CI., 53 (1932) : 16). Collected by J. R. 
Reeves. 

The specimen is an adult male but has lost the crest. Ticehurst 
(op. cit.) refers to this as the type. 

laticincta — Platysteira laticincta Bates, 1 926 . . .38 

Bull. Brit. Om. CI., 46 : 91. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1926.8.8.6. Oku, 6,000', west of Kumbo, Cameroon, 8 Feb. 1925. 
Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

laticlavius — Saltator laticlavius P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1869 . 50 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1869 : 151. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.6.12.1052. Tinta, 11,000', Peru, 19 June 1868. Col- 
lected by H. Whitely. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 1 (1886) : 292. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

latimeri — F/>eo /o/zmen Baird, 1866 ...... 56 

Review of American Birds, 1 : 364. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.3.10.106. (original label no. 39347). Porto Rico, north side. 
1864-5. Collected by G. Latimer. Salvin-Godman Collection, 
who acquired it from the Smithsonian Institution {vide label), 
presumably in exchange. 

Of two specimens described, this specimen is referred to by its 
label number as the type. Hellmayr and Conover, Catalogue of 
birds of the Americas, 8 (1935) : 125, claim that the type is in the 
U.S. National Museum but Deignan, Type specimens of birds in 
the U.S. National Museum (1961) does not list it. 

latirostris — Andropadus latirostris Strick]and, \ii44 . . .21 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1844 : 100. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 



292 latistriatus 

no. 1881.2.18.136. Fernando Po, June. Collected by L. Fraser. 
Eyton Collection; purchased of E. Gerrard. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bcis. Brit. Miis., 6 (1881) : 108. 
One of the immature syntypes is also in the collection. 

latistriatus — Antlws latistriatus Jackson, \S99 .19 

Ibis, (7) 5 : 628. Holotype, Adult female Reg. no. 1899.8.13.7. 
Kavirondo, Kenya, 12 Nov. 1894. Collected and presented by 
F. J. Jackson. 

This is certainly the holotype, though Jackson's type-label is at- 
tached to a specimen of Aiithus pyrrhonotus in the Tervuren Museum, 
Belgium, vide correspondence between B. P. Hall and H. Schouteden, 
1959, in the B.M.(N.H.). 

latouchei — Tephrodornis gularis latoiichei Kinnear, \925 . 20 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 45 : 105. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1905.12.24.368. Ah Ch'ung, Fohkien, south China, 2 March 1900. 
Collected and presented by C. B. Rickett. 

latukae — Eremomela badiceps latukae Hall, 1949 . . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 69 : 76. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1939.10.1.88. Near Katire, (3,000', Talange Forest, Torit District, 
on label). Southern Sudan, 22 April 1939. Collected by J. D. 
Macdonald. Cave and Macdonald Expedition. 

laudabilis — Icterus laudabilis P. L. Sclater, \Sll . . .57 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1871 : 270, pi. 21. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1885.7.12.254. Santa Lucia, West Indies. Collected by the 
Rev. J. E. Semper. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 1 (1886) : 372. 
The two other syntypes are also in the collection. 

Xaurae—Coereba laurae P. R. Lowe, 1908 .54 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 21 : 108. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1915.5.1.479. Los Testigos Island, off Venezuela, 2 Jan. 1908. 
Collected by and purchased of P. R. Lowe. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

laurae — Vireo laurae Nicoll, 1904 ...... 56 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 14 : 95. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1904.8.17.124. Grenada, West Indies (Grand Etang, 2,000', 
vide Nicoll, Ibis, (8) 4 (1904) : 563). (29 Jan. 1904, on label). 
Collected by M. J. Nicoll. Presented by the Earl of Crawford, 
from the voyage of R. Y.S. Valhalla. 

laurentei — Crvptolopha castaneiceps laurentei La Touche, 1921 . 35 
Bull. Brit.' Orn. CI., 42:53. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1923.3.10.7. Mengtsz, South-east Yunnan, 21 March 1921. 
Collected and presented as a syntype by J. D. La Touche. 

There is another syntype at Harvard, vide Bangs, Bull. Mus. 
Comp. Zool., Harvard, 70 (1930) : 341. 



lazulina 293 

lavaudeni — Erithacus rubecula lavaudeni Bannerman, 1926 . . 31 

Bull. Brit. Om. CI, 47 : 24. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1925.12.25.4. Les Sources, 2,200', near Ain Draham, north 
Tunisia, 10 March 1925. Collected by W. P. Lowe and D. 
Bannerman and presented by A. S. Vernay. 

lavendulae — C/i^/co/a /ave/7^M/ae Ogilvie-Grant and Reid, 1901 35 

Ibis, (8) 1 :650. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1902.1.20.115. 
Aroharlaise, Somaliland, 3 April 1901. Collected and presented 
by A. E. Pease. 

This is the male syntype. The described female syntype is also in 
the collection. 

lawrencii — //ae/77o/)/7/7a /au'/-e«c/7 Salvin and Godman, 1886 . . 49 
Biol. Centr.-Amer., Aves, 1 : 397. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.12.14.1311. Juchitan, Tehuantepec, Mexico, 13 April 1870. 
Collected by F. Sumichrast for Boucard. Salvin-Godman Col- 
lection. 

layardi — G eocichla layardi'^ SiXd^n, \%1Q) . .31 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 5 : 416. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.2.20.440. Ceylon (Kondawathawan, near Ambare, East 
Province, vide Legge, Birds of Ceylon, 2 (1879) : 458). Collected 
by S. Chapman. Tweeddale Collection. 

layardi — Merula layardi Stthohm, \%90 .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1890 : 667. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1879.6.2.1. Viti Levu, Fiji, 1877. Collected by Kleinschmidt 
and purchased of the Godeffroy Museum. 

This is the author's selected male. His selected female and 
two other syntypes are also in the collection. Two more syntypes 
are in the Tristram Collection in the Liverpool Museum. 

layardi — Picolaptes layardi V.l.. ScXdiitr, \%1?) .... 2 
Ibis, (3) 3 : 386, p.l 14. Holotype, Aduh female. Reg. no. 1889. 
5.20.586. Para, Brazil, 21 Aug. 1872. Collected by E. L. Layard. 
Sclater Collection. 

layardi — Pycnonotus layardi Ayres, 1 879 .21 

Ibis, (4) 3 :390. Syntype, Aduh male. Reg. no. 1890.12.20.24. 
Rustenburg, Transvaal, 24 July 1878. Collected by T. Ayres and 
presented by J. H. Gurney. 

layardi — Saxicola layardi Sharpe, 1 876 . . .31 

in Layard, Birds of South Africa, (2nd ed.) : 236. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1876.5.23.418. South Africa. Sharpe Collection. 

la/ulina — Phyllornis lazulina Swinhoe, 1 870 . . .22 

Ibis, (2) 6:255. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1898.10.2.12. 
Tai-ping-sze, central Hainan, China, March 1968. Collected by 
R. Swinhoe. Seebohm Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 



294 leautungensis 

leautungensis — A laiula leautungensis Svj'mhoe, ]S6l .17 

Ibis, (1) 3 :256. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1890.1.29.226. 
Taliemvan, Leautung Province, north China, 25 June 1860. Col- 
lected by R. Swinhoe. H. Seebohm Collection. 

This is the author's selected male. His selected female and a 
juvenile syntype are also in the collection. 

legalleni — Cutianipalensis legalleni Robinson &K\oss, \919 . . 32B 
Ibis, (11) I : 588, pi. 15. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919.12. 
20.331. Langbian Peaks, 7,200', south Annam, 18 April 1918. 
Collected and presented by C. B. Kloss. 

This is the author's selected male. Their selected female syntype 
is also in the collection. 

leggei — Anthus leggei Ogihie-Grant, 1906 19 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 19 : 26. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1906. 
12.23.510. South-east Ruwenzori, 3,400', 7 May 1906. Collected 
on the Ruwenzori Expedition. 

There are four other syntypes in the collection. 

leggei — Hem ipus picatus leggei Whistler, \939 . . . .20 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 59 : 102. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1939.8.1.1. Ohiya, 5,800', Ceylon, 29 Nov. 1936. Collected on 
the Ceylon Avifaunal Survey of the British and Colombo Museums, 
conducted by Malpas and Phillips. 

leggei — Kittacincla malabarica leggei Whistler, 1941 . . .31 

Ibis, (14) 5 : 319. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1940.12.3. 
284. Uruhaga, 100-200', Ceylon, 23 Oct. 1936. Collected by E. 
Fernando of the Ceylon Avifaunal Survey. 

leggii — Petroica leggii Sharpe, 1 879 37 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 : 165. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1844.7.16.73. Tasmania. Collected and presented by J. B. Jukes, 
from the voyage of H.M.S. Fly. 

Listed as the type by Mathews, Birds of Australia, 8 (1919-1920) : 
86. There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

leighi — Acanthiza leighi Ogilvie-Grant, 1909 . .36 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 23 : 73. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1893.4.4. 
51. Lithgow, New South Wales. Presented by Lord Leigh (in 
1893, not 1903 as printed). 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

lemoneus — Icterus vulgaris lemoneus A. G. Butler, 1907 . . 57 

Avicult. Mag., (2) 5 : 225, pi. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1916.6. 
12.1. A caged bird received by Dr. A. G. Butler from Miss J. 
Gladstone, Dec. 1906, and presented to the collection at its death. 

lemprier: — Siphia leniprieri Sharpe, \SS4 37 

Ibis, (5) 2 : 319. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1885.4.2.10. 



lepidonota 295 

Southern Palawan, Philippines. Collected by and purchased of 
E. Lempriere as the type. 

There is a second syntype in the collection. 

leoninus — Andropadus curvirostris leonimis Bates, 1930 21 

Bull. Br. Om. CL, 51 : 52. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1930.12.3.7. Buedu, 1,600', near Kailahun, east Sierra Leone, 12 
April 1930. Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

leoninus — Macrosplienus leoninus Neumann, 190S . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 23 : 46. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1904.6.5. 
227. Rotifunk, Sierra Leone, West Africa, 1903. Collected and 
presented by R. Kemp. 

leoninus — Onychognathus fulgidus leoninus Neumann, 1920 62 

J. Orn., 1920 : 82. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1905.1.25. 
152. Bo, south-east Sierra Leone, Feb. 1904. Collected by R. 
Kemp. Purchased through E. Gerrard. 

leoninus — Zosteropssenegalensis leoninus W.L.Sclater, 1927 . . 47 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 47 : 86. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1905.1.25.45. Bo, Sierra Leone, April 1904. Collected by and 
purchased of R. Kemp. 

leontica — Prinia leontica Bates, 1930 . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 51 : 51. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1930.12.3.4. Near Birwa Peak, 4,500', Kono District, Sierra Leone, 
19 July 1930. Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

lepe — Cisticola erythrops lepe Lynes, 1930 . . . .35 

Ibis, (12) 6, Supplement : 376. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1928.10.25.7. Lepe Mission, 5,000', Benguela Province, 
Angola, 29 Jan. 1927. Collected by Admiral H. Lynes and B. B. 
Osmaston. Presented by Admiral H. Lynes. 

lepida — Eminia lepida Hart]auh, \SSO . . . . .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1880 : 625, pi. 60. Syntype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1895.5.1.1027. Magunga, (head of Albert Nyanza), (26 
Nov. 1879, on label). Collected by Emin Bey. Shelley Collection, 
received by him from Hartlaub of Bremen. 

See also, Hartlaub, Abhand. Nat. Ver. Bremen, 1 (1881): 91. 
There were five syntypes of which this is one. 

lepida^Lf'/o/Ar/.Y/e/j/V/o McClelland, 1840 32B 

in Horsfield, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1839 (publ. 1840) : 162. 
Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4479. 
Assam. Collected by J. McClelland and presented by the Honour- 
able East India Company Museum. 

lepidonota — Hypocnemis lepidonota P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1980 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1880 : 160. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 



296 lepidus 

no. 1889.7.10.684. Sarayacu, east Ecuador. Collected by C. 
Buckley. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 287. 
There is a male syntype in the collection. 

lepidus — Philetainis lepidus Smith, IS37 .61 

Charleswortlis Magazine of Natural History, I : 536. Syntype, 
Adult. Reg. no. 1838.6.9.84. Latakoo (Interior of South Africa, 
vide Smith, Illustrated Zoology of Africa, Aves{\%3%) : pi, 8). Col- 
lected by A. Smith. Purchased of the South African Museum, 
London. 

There are other syntypes in the collection and at the Academy of 
Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 

lessoni — Ochtlioeca lessoni P. L. Sclater, 1856 .... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1856:28. New name for Tyrannulus 
rufopectus Lesson, 1847, erroneously thought to be preoccupied, 
see Hellmayr and Conover, Catalogue of birds of the Americas, 
5 (1927) : 49 (footnote) for discussion of name. The specimen 
referred to as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 24 
has no type status. 

leucaspis — Myrmeciza leucaspis P. L. Sclater, 1855 ... 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1854 (publ. 1855) : 253, pi. 70. Syntype, 
Adult. Reg. no. 1889.9.20.558. Colombia. Collected by 
Parzudaki. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 295. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

leucauchen — Thamnophilus leucauchen P. L. Sclater, 1855 . 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1855 : 18, pi. 79. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1889.9.20.117. Chamicuros, east Peru (error: Cayenne 
tradeskin, vide Hellmayr, Novit. Zool., 14 (1907) : 60, and Catalogue 
of Birds of the Americas, 3 (1924) : 53, 55). Obtained for Parzudaki. 
Sclater Collection. 

leucauchen — Turdus leucauchen P. L. Sclater, 1858 . . .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 447. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 

no. 1886.8.2.56. Guatemala. Collected by Skinner. Sclater Col- 
lection; obtained by Sclater through Leadbetter. 

leucogaster — Euprinodes leucogaster Sharps, 1904 . . . .35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 14 : 94. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1904.6.22.197. Mount Clarence, Fernando Po, 27 Feb. 1904. 
Collected by E. Seimund. Presented by Mrs P. Sladen, the Duke 
of Bedford, and W. Rothschild. 

leucogaster — Garrulax leucogaster Walden, 1866 .... 32B 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1866 : 549. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.4.20.764. Siam (in text; Cambodia on label). Collected 
by Mouhot (on label). Tweeddale Bequest. 



leucogenys 297 

leucogastra — Deinlrocitta leucogastra Gould, \S33 . . .71 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1833 : 57. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1876.1.7.21. Eastern Asia (Malabar coast, on label). Purchased 
of J. Gould. 

leucogastra — Ptilocichla leucogastra Davison, IS92 . . . 32B 
Ibis, (6) 4 : 100. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1892.9.1.1. 
Pahang {vide Sharpe, Hist. Coll. Brit. Miis., 2 (1906) : 337). Malay 
Peninsula, 1 Aug. 1891. Collected and presented by W. R. 
Davison. 

leucogastra — Setaria albigularis leucogastra Hachisuka, \926 . . 32B 
Bull. Brit. Or/1. CI., 47 : 54. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1878.5.3.15. Paku, Sarawak, Borneo, Dec. 1878. Collected by 
A. H. Everett and purchased of Gerrard. 

leucogastra — Troglodytes leucogastra Gould, 1837 . .28 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1836 (publ. 1837) : 89. Holotype, Adult 
(relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1855.12.19.119. Tamaulipas, Mexico. 
Purcahsed of the Zoological Society of London. 

leucogastroides — Munia leucogastroides Moore, 1856 . . .60 

/// Horsfield and Moore, Catalogue of Birds in the Museum of the 
Honourable East India Company, 2 : 510. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1880.1.1.1940. Java. Collected by T. Horsfield. Presented 
by the Honourable East India Company Museum as the type. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

leucogenis — Buchanga leucogenis Walden, 1870 . . . .64 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 5:219. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1887.12.1.962. Nagasaki, Japan, (corrected to China by Baker, 
J. Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc, 27 (1921) : 474; restricted to Ichang, 
Hupeh, by Deignan, Bull. U.S. Nat. Mus., 186 (1945) : 289). 
Tweeddale Collection. 

leucogenis — Pyrrhula leucogenis Og\W\Q-Gvani, \%95 . . .59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 4:41. Syntype, Adult (male, on label). 
Reg. no. 1897.5.13.284. (Mount Data, on label), Lepanto District, 
North-west Luzon, Philippines, (28 Dec. 1894, on label). Col- 
lected by J. Whitehead. Presented by the subscribers to the 
Whitehead Expedition. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

leucogenys — Oritesl leucogenys Moore, \S54 . . . .40 
in Horsfield and Moore, Catalogue of birds in the Museum of the 
Honourable East India Company, 1 : 374. Syntype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1 880. 1 . 1 .4790. (allocated recently). Afghanistan. 
Collected by W. Griffiths. Presented by the Honourable East 
India Company Museum. 

This specimen was labelled 'type', and listed as the type by 
Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 8 (1888) : 59. There are two other 
syntypes in the collection. 



298 leucogonys 

leucogonys — Trraiwisciis leiicogonvs P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1871 . 9 
Froc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1870 (publ. 1871) : 841, pi. 53. Syntype, 
Adult. Reg. no. 1888.1.13.513. Bogota, Colombia. Collected 
by Bell, of New York. Sclater Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

leucolaema — Alario leucolaema Sharpe, 1903 . . . .59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 13 : 80. Holotype, Adult (male, on label). 
Reg. no. 1873.10.20.233. (Hountop River, on label), Great 
Namaqualand, South-west Africa, 3 June 1862. Collected by C. J. 
Anderson. Presented by R. B. Sharpe. 

leucolaema — Xenocichla leucolaema Sharpe, 1902 . . .21 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 13 : 10. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1902.12.8.17. Toro Forest, Uganda, 19 March 1902. Collected 
and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

leucomela — Campephaga leucomela Vigors &.Horsfie\d, IS27 . . 20 
Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15:215. Holotype, (Immature, \ide 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 (1879) : 106; relaxed mount with 
incomplete tail). Reg. no. 1863.7.7.19. Broad Sound, Queensland, 
26 Oct. 1 802. Collected by R. Brown and presented by the Linnean 
Society. 

leucomelanura — Digenea leucomelanura Hodgson, 1845 . . 37 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1845 : 26. Syntype, Adult (male). Reg. 
no. 1880.1.1.883. (the Collector's no. is 941, an error for 419). 
Nepal. Presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 

The specimen is thought to be that referred to by Horsfield and 
Moore, Catalogue of the birds in the Museum of the Honourable East 
India Company, 1 (1854) : 294. 

leucometopa — Ochtoeca leucometopa P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1877 . 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1877 : 19. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.60. Chihuata, 4,000', near Arequipa, Southwest Peru. 
(19 July 1867, on label). Collected by H. Whitely. Sclater 
Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 21. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

leuconotus — Cinclus leuconotus P. L. Sclater, 1857 . . .27 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1857 : 274. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1886.8.2.272. "Bogota", Colombia. Collected for Jamrach; 
Sclater Collection. 
There is also a female syntype in the collection. 

leuconotus — Malurus leuconotus Gould, 1865 . . . .36 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1865 : 198. In a later work (Birds of 
Australia, Supplement, (1867) -.pi. 24), the author stated that the 
specimen belonged to a Mrs Cranford of Devon. There would 



leucopsis 299 

appear to be no basis for the statement by Mathews, Austral Avian 
Record, 1 (1912) : 165, that the type was in the British Museum 
Collection. 

leucophaea — Certhia leiicophaea Latham, ISOl . . . 44C 

Index Ornithologicus, SuppL: xxxvi. Sharpe, Hist. Coll. Brit. Mus., 
2 (1906) : 134, lists a drawing, no. 139 in Watling, Original water- 
colour drawings . . . , in the Library of the Zoology Department, 
British Museum (Natural History), as the type; but this is not 
considered to be the type of the description. 

leucophrus — Anabates leucophrus Jardine & Sclhy, IS30. . 3 

Illustrations of Ornithology, 2, pt. 6 : pi. 93. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1886.6.24.464. Brazil. Collected by Dr. Such. Jardine 
Collection. 

leucophrys — Sylviella leucophrys Sharpe, 1891 . . . .35 

Ibis, (6) 3 : 120. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1893.12.1.26. 
Mount Elgon, Kenya, (25 Feb. 1890, vide Sharpe, Ibis, (6) 4 (1892) : 
159). Collected and presented as the type by F. J. Jackson. 

ieucoproctum — Trichostoma leucoproctum Tweeddale, 1877 . . 37 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1877 : 366. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 

no. 1887.12.30.1376. Muleit Range, Tenasserim, 7 Jan. 1877. 
Collected by O. Limborg. Tweeddale Collection. 

leucops — Dicrurus leucops Wallace, 1 865 . . . . .64 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1865 : 478. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1873.5.12.1965. Maccassar, Celebes Islands, 1856. Collected 
by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

leucops — £)/ge/?eo /ewco/?.s Sharpe, 1 888 . . . . .37 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1888:246. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1886.4.1.4410. Shillong. Collected by J. Cockburn. Hume Col- 
lection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

leucopsis — Buarremon leucopsis P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1 878 . 49 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1878:439. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.6.8.433. Yauayaca, Ecuador, Dec. 1877. Collected by C. 
Buckley. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

leucopsis — Motacilla leucopsis Gould, IS37 . . . . .19 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1837:78. Holotype, Adult (summer 
plumage, vide Sharpe, Cat. Eds. Brit. Mus., 10 (1885) : 486). Reg. 
no. 1881.5.1.4514. India. Gould Collection. 

leucopsis — Sitta leucopsis Gould, 1 850 43 

Birds of A.sia 2, pt. I (Jan. 1850) : pi. 46. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1860.4.16.494. North-west Himalayas. Collected by Capt. 



300 leucoptera 

Hay. Presented by the Honourable East India Company Museum, 
which received it from J. Gould in 1853 (N. B. Kinnear, M5. note). 
The description by Gould, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1849 : 113, was 
not published until later in 1850. 

leucoptera — CrilJwgra leucoptera ShdiX'^z, \%1\ . .59 

Ann. Mag. not. Hist., (4) 8 : 235. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1 877.7. 11.115. South Africa. Collected by E. L. Layard. Sharpe 
Collection. 

leucoptera — Pica leucoptera Gould, 1862 . . . . .71 

Birch of Asia 5, pt. 14 (May 1862) : 55. Holotype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1857.1.2.6. Oriental Siberia. Collected by 
J. Gould. Figured as a Verreaux specimen from Taczanowski. 

Although assigned a registration number this specimen does not 
appear in the register. 

leucoptera — Tanagra episcopus leucoptera V. L. Sdater, 1886 51 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 11 : 154, 155. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.6.12.454. Bogota, Colombia. Collected for Argent. 
Sclater Collection. 

Sclater used a G. R. Gray MS., name, and it appears as a nomen 
nudum in Sclater's Catalogue of a collection of American birds, (1862) : 
74. There is another syntype in the collection. 

leucopygia — Crithagra leucopvgia SundswaW, 1850 . .59 

Ofvers K. Sv. Vet.-Akad. Fork. Stockholm, 7 : 127. Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1877.7.11.358. Senaar, Abyssinia, (1837, on label). 
Collected by Prof. Hedenborg. Sharpe Collection ; obtained by him 
from Prof. Hedenborg. 

leucopygia — Iodopleuraleucopygia'S)2ihi\x\, \885 .... 7 
Ibis, (5) 3:305. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1888.1.20.969. 
British Guiana, 1877. Collected by H. Whitely, Sen., Salvin- 
Godman Collection. 
The other syntype is in the collection. 

leucopygialis — Lalage leucopygialis Walden, 1872 . . .20 

Trans, zool. Soc. Lond., 8 : 69, pi. 8. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1887.12.30.259. Menado, Celebes. Tweeddale Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

leucopygialis — Platvsteira leucopygialis Eraser, 1843 . . .38 

Proc. zool. Soc. 'Lond., 1842 (publ. 1843) : 142. Holotype, Adult 
(male, on label). Reg. no. 1847.1.18.48. Clarence, Fernando Po. 
Collected by and purchased of L. Eraser, from the voyage of 
H.M.S. Wilberforce. 

leucopygius— 5fl5//ew^e/-j« leucopygius P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1 873 54 
Nomencl. Av. Neotrop. : 156. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1884.5.15.460. Costa Rica, 1868. Collected by Carmiol. Sclater 
Collection. 
There is an immature syntype in the collection. 



leucotis 301 

leucorhynchus — Rectes leucorhynchiis G. R. Gray, \S62 39 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 (publ. 1862) : 430. Syntype, Adult 

male. Reg. no. 1873.5.12.1298. Gagie Island (off western New 

Guinea). 1860. Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

There is another syntype in the collection. 

leucorrhoa — Pipra leucorrhoa P. L. Sclater, 1863 .... 8 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863 : 63; pi. 10. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1888.1.13.1296. Interior of Colombia. Collected for 
Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 

leucoschistus — Henicurus leucoschistus Swinhoe, 1870 . . .31 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 6 : 154. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1898. 
10.3.436. Tingchow, Formosa, Oct. 1867. Collected by R. 
Swinhoe. Seebohm Bequest. 

leucosticta — Corythocichla leucosticta Sharpe, 1887 . . . 32B 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1887 : 438. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1886.12.22.16. Larut Range, c. 4,400', Perak, Malaya, Sept.- 
Oct. 1886. Collected and presented by L. Wray. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

leucosticta — Cossypha leucosticta Sharps, 1%%?) . . . .31 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 : 44, pi. 1. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1874.5.30.7. Accra, West Africa. Presented by R. B. Sharpe. 

leucostictus — Dy sithamnus leucostictusV. 'L. SclaXQv, \%5^ . . 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 66, pi. 140. Syntype, Adult (female, 
vide Hellmayr, Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 3 (1924) : 128). 
Reg. no. 1889.9.20.207. Rio Napo, Ecuador. Collected for 
Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 
There are two immature syntypes in the collection. 

leucothorax — Lanio leucothorax Salvin, IS65 . .51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1864 (publ. 1865) : 581. Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1885.6.7.514. Tucurriqui, Costa Rica. Collected by E. 
Arce. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

leucotis — Garrulus leucotis Hume, \S74 71 

Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, (May 1874) : 106. Holotype, Adult 
female. Reg. no. 1886.3.1.878. (Kyou Kuyat, 3,000', Salween, 
Tenasserim, British Burma, vide, Hume, Stray Feathers, 2 (June, 
1874) :443,) (30 Jan. 1871, on label). Collected by W. Davison 
{vide Hume, op. cit.). Hume Collection. 

leucotis — Garrulax monileger leucotis E. C. S. Baker, 1917 . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 38 : 8, 64. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1916.12.27.651. Mi-Nam-Kabren, central Siam, 9 Nov. 1915. 
Collected and presented by E. G. Herbert. 

This is the author's selected male. His selected female syntype 
is also in the collection. 



302 leucotis 

leucotis — Monarcha leucotis Gould, \S50 . . . .38 

//; Jardine, Contributions to Ornitlwlogv : 105 (also in, Proc. zool. 
Soc. Lond., 1850 (publ. Feb. 1851) : 210, and Birds of Australia, 
Supplement, (March 1851) : pi. 12). Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1855.11.5.11. Cape York, Queensland. Collected by J. 
MacGillivray on the voyage of H.M.S. Rattlesnake. Purchased of 
Gould. 

This specimen is labelled "Type" in an early hand. The second 
syntype is also in the collection. 

leucura — Eopsaltria leucura Gould, 1869 . .37 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 4 : 108. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1881.5.1.3728. Somerset, Cape York, Australia. (Collected by 
J. T. Cockerell, vide Gould, Birds of Australia, Supplement, (1869) : 
pi. 18). Gould Collection. 

There are other Cockerell specimens in the collection. Mathews, 
Austral Avian Record, I (1912) : 156, states that the type is pro- 
bably in the British Museum Collection. 

leucura — Monarcha leucura G. R. Gvay, 1858 . . .38 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 178. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1858.3.10.61. Ke Island, South-west Pacific, 1857. Col- 
lected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 ( 1 879) : 425. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

leucura — Montifringilla leucura Bonaparte, 1855 . . . .61 

Conipte Rendu, 41 : 657. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1881.5.1. 
2064. Erzeroum, Turkestan. Collected by Dickson and Ross. 
Gould Collection. 
Bonaparte used a Gould MS. name. 

leucura — M/rava /eMci/ra Tweeddale, 1877 . . . . .37 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 20 : 95. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 

no. 1887.12.30.1375. Taoo, 5,000', Tenasserim, 26 March 1877. 
Collected by O. Limbourg. Tweeddale Collection. 

leucurus — Agriorm's leucurus Gould, IS39 ..... 9 
Zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, 3, Birds : 57, pi. 13. 
Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1855.12.19.252. (Port Desire, on label). 
Patagonia. Collected by C. Darwin. Purchased of the Zoological 
Society of London. 

Renamed A. maritinia by G. R. Gray when the text was edited 
(op. cit., p. 57). There is a second syntype in the collection. 

levaillantii — Drymoica levaillantii Smith, \S42 . .35 

Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa, Aves, : pi. 73. Syntype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1842.2.28.88. South Africa. Collected by 
A. Smith. Purchased of the South African Society. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 



limitans 303 

leytensis — Pericrocotus leytensis Steere, 1 890 . . .20 

List of Birds and Mammals collected by the Steere Expedition to the 
Philippines : 15 (reprinted in Ibis, (6) 3 (1891) : 311). Holotype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1896.6.6.107. Leyte, Philippines, 14 April 
1888. Collected by and purchased of J. B. Steere. 

Ihamarum — Alauda arvensis Ihamarum K. yiQinQvizhdigQn, 1926 . 17 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 46 : 100. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1887.7.1.3254. Ladak, Kashmir, 1870. Collected by Dr. G. 
Henderson on the Lahore to Yarkand Expedition. Hume Col- 
lection. 

liberiae — Pseiidohirundo griseopvga liberiae Bannerman, 1937. 18 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 58 : 8. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1911. 
11.18.87. Nanna Kru, Liberia, 8 Jan. 1911. Collected by W. P. 
Lowe and purchased of O. E. Janson. 

libonyana — Merula libonyana Smith, \S36 . .31 

Report of the Expedition for exploring central Africa, 1834, Appendix 
:45. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1838.6.9.39. 
Near Kurrichane. Collected by A. Smith and purchased of the 
South African Museum. 
Listed as type by Seebohm, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 5 (1881) : 230. 

licbenya — Anthus richardi lichenya Vincent, 1933 . .19 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 53 : 131. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1933.3.1.16. Mlanje Mt., 6.500', 16° S., 35° 33' E., south Nyasa- 
land, 27 Dec. 1931. Collected by J. Vincent. Vincent Collection. 

lifuensis — Graucalus lifuensis Tristram, \819 . .20 

Ibis, (4) 3 : 190. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1879.3.5.22. 
Lifu, Loyalty Islands, 23 Aug. 1878. Collected by E. L. Layard and 
purchased of H. B. Tristram. 

There is also a female syntype in the collection, and a third syntype 
in the Liverpool Museum. 

limbatus — Crateropus limbatus RiippeW, IS45 . 32B 

Systematische Uebersicht Vogel nord-ost Afrikd's : 48. Holotype, 
male (immature, vide Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) :477; 
relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1861.5.8.113. Ali Amba, Schoa, 
Abyssinia, Feb. 1842. Collected by W. C. Harris and presented by 
the Honourable East India Company Museum. 

limes — Certhia himalayana limes R. Meinertzhagen, 1922 . 44A 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 42 : 141. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1897.12.10.2375. digit, 5,000', 13 Feb. 1879. Collected by and 
purchased of J. Biddulph. 

limitans — Cyornis banyumas limitans Robinson and Kloss, 1927 37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 48 : 44. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1936.4.12.2120. Tamansari, 1,400', East Java, 15 April 1916. 
Collected by a native collector. Presented by the Rallies Museum, 
Singapore. 



304 lineata 

lineata — Acanthiza lineata Gould, 1838 36 

Synopsis of the Birds of Australia, pt. 4 : pi. 59. Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1838.1.19.236. New South Wales, Australia. Presented 
by J. Gould. 

lineaticeps — Anabates lineaticeps V. L. Sdater, \S56 ... 3 
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (2) 17 : 468. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.5.20.376. Eastern Peru. Collected by E. Verreaux. Sclater 
Collection. 

lineatocephalis — Dendrocolaptes lineatocephaJis G. R. Gray & 

Mitchell, 1847 2 

The Genera of Birds, 1 : pi. 43. Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1846.9.9.50. Bolivia. Collected by and purchased of 
T. Bridges. 

lineolata — Pachycephala lineolata Wallace, 1 862 . . .39 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1 862 : 341 . Syntype, Adult male (= female, 
vide Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 8 (1883) : 217). Reg. no. 1873. 
5.12.548. Bouru Island, Moluccas, 1861. Collected by A. R. 
Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

See also Hartert, Novit. Zool, 5 (1898) : 132. A syntype from 
Sula is also in the collection. 

lineoventer — Munia lineoventer Hodgson, 1836 . . .60 

Asiat. Res., 19 : 154. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1880.1.1.2682. 
Nepal. Collected by B. H. Hodgson. Presented by the Honour- 
able East India Company Museum. 

This specimen has the early label and is no. 324 of Icon. Ined. 
Brit. Mus. Passerines. 

lingoo — Orthotomus lingoo Sykes, \S32 .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1832:90. Holotype, AduU (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4584. Deccan, India. Collected by 
W. H. Sykes. Presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 

lindsayi — Tersiphone lindsayi NicoU, 1906 . . . . .38 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 16 : 104. Holotype, Adult (male, on label). 
Reg. no. 1906.12.21.298. Mayotte Island, Comoro Group, South 
Atlantic, 1 March 1906. Collected by M. J. NicoU on the voyage of 
R. Y.S. Valhalla. Presented by the Earl of Crawford. 

lipiniana — Estrelda lipiniana Smith, IS36 . . .60 

Report of the expedition for exploring Central Africa, 1834 : 49. 
Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1838.6.9.125. (and 
Old Vellum Catalogue 2 1 , no. 277a). North and east of Kurrichane, 
(South Africa, on label). Purchased at the sale of the South African 
Museum. 

lisettae — Anthreptes hypogrammica lisettae Delacour, \926 . 46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 47 : 22. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 



livingstoni 305 

1926.9.8.27. Col des Nuages, Annam, 4 Dec. 1925. Collected by 
J. Delacour. From the Franco-British Expedition to French Indo- 
China. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

litoralis — Cyanocitta stelleri litoralis Maynard, IS89 . . .71 

Ornithologist and Oologist, 14 : 95. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1906.12.7.3735. Victoria, British Colombia, 5 Feb. 1889. 
Collected by and purchased of G. S. Miller, received in May, 1937. 
Hellmayr and Conover, Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 7 
(1934) : 61, state that the type is in the collection of F. B. Webster, 
but the collector. Miller, in MS. in the Brit. Mus., register, collection 
1906.12.7, states that the type had been in Brewster's Collection at 
Cambridge, Massachusetts, but that he now sent it to the British 
Museum. The register number was assigned later. 

litoralis — Cyornis rufigastra litoralis Stresemann, 1925 . . 37 

Orn. Mber., 33 : 50. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1887.12.30. 
1275. Puerto Princesa, Palawan, Philippines, Dec. 1877. Col- 
lected by A. H. Everett. Tweeddale Collection. 

litoralis — Phyllastrephusflavostriatus litoralis Vincent, 1933 . . 21 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 53 : 133. Holotype, Adult male in non-breeding 
condition. Reg. no. 1933.3.1.2. Near Netia, 600', 14° 44' S., 
40°04' E., Mozambique Province, Portuguese East Africa, 1 June 
1932. Collected and presented by J. Vincent. 

littayei — Pachycephala littayei Layard, \81S . . .39 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (5) 1 : 375. Although Gadow, Cat. Bds. 
Brit. Mus., 8 (1883) : 199 states that the types are in the British 
Museum Collection the dates of collection of the specimens indicate 
that they were not available until after the original description was 
published. 

littoralis — Xenops littoralis'P.'L. S>c\aitx, \%6\ .... 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 : 379. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.5.20.401. Esmeraldas, Ecuador, Nov. 1859. Collected 
by L. Fraser. Scalter Collection. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

littorea — Petrochelidon lit torea SaWin, \863 . . . .18 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 8163 : 189, 631. Holotype, Adult male. 

Reg. no. 1885.3.24.97. Belize River, Honduras, 23 April 1862. 
Collected by O. Salvin. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

livlngstonei — Erythrocercus livingstonei Finsch and Hartlaub, 1 870 . 38 
Vogel Ost-Afrikas : 303. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1863.12.8. 
44. Zambesi (Collected by Rev. C. Livingstone, vide British 
Museum Register). Presented by the Foreign Office through the 
Earl of Russell. 
Finsch and Hartlaub used a G. R. Gray MS. name. 



306 loanda 

loanda — Cisticola brachyptera loanda Lynes, 1930 . . .35 

Ibis, (12) 6, Supplement : 486, pi. 16. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1928.10.25.6. Lepe, 4,900', Benguela District, Angola, 
28 Jan. 1927. Collected by Admiral H. Lynes and B. B. Osmaston. 
Presented by Admiral H. Lynes. 

loandae — Eliminia longicauda loandae W. L. Sclater and Mackworth- 

Praed, 1918 38 

Ibis, (10) 6 : 712. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1910.5.6.542. 
N'Dalla Tando, Northern Angola, 7 Aug. 1908. Collected by and 
purchased of W. J. Ansorge. 

lobito — Cisticola aridula lobito Lynes, 1930 . . .35 

Ibis, (12) 6, Supplement : 125. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1928.10.25.5 Lobito Bay, Benguela Province, Angola, 6 March 
1927. Collected by Admiral H. Lynes and B. B. Osmaston. 
Presented by Admiral H. Lynes. 

locustella — Paludipasser locust ella Neave, 1 909 . . . .60 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 25 : 25. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1909.11.21.338. (Upper Luansenshi River, 4,000', vide Neave, 
Ibis, (9) 4 (1910): 251), North-east of Bangeolo, Northern 
Rhodesia, 1 June 1908. Collected by and purchased of S. A. Neave. 

lomaensis — Dvaphorophvia ansorgei lomaensis Serle, 1948 38 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 66 : 73. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1946.27.1. Bintimani Peak, 3,000', Loma Mountains, Sierra 
Leone, 15 April 1943. Collected and presented by W. Serle. 

lombokia — Meliphaga lombokia lombokia Mathews, 1926 . 48 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 46 : 60. New name for Ptilotis virescens 
Wallace, 1864, (q.v.) on the grounds of its preoccupation by 
Melithreptus virescens Vieillot, 1817. 

longicauda — Dendrocincla longicauda Pelzeln, 1 868 ... 2 
Zur Ornithologie Brasiliens : 42, 60. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.5.20.626. Barra do Rio Negro, Brazil, 4 May 1833. 
Collected by J. Natterer. P. L. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as "authentic specimen" by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
15 (1890) : 165. This specimen conforms to the description; see 
Hellmayr, Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 4 (1925) : 363, con- 
cerning the syntypes in the Vienna Museum. 

longicauda — Rhipidura longicauda Wallace, \S65 . . 37A 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1865 : 476. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1875.5.12.452. Sumatra, 1862. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 

longicauda — Suthora longicauda Campbell, 1892 . . .33 

Ibis, (6) 4 : 237. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1898.10.3.690. 
30 miles east of Soul, Korea, 9 Feb. 1889. Collected by C. W. 
Campbell. Seebohm Bequest. 
The second female syntype is also in the collection. 



longirostris 307 

longicaudata — Pnoepyga longicauda Moore, 1854 .... 32B 
in Horsfield & Moore, Catalogue of Birds in the Museum of the 
Honourable East India Company, 1 : 398. Holotype, Adult (female, 
vide Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 6 (1881) : 263). Reg. no. 1880.1. 
1.2582. Khasia Hills, Assam (v/(/e Sharpe, /oc. a7.). Collected by 
Griffiths and presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 

longicaudatus — Ammodramus longicaudatus Gould, IS39 . . 49 

Zoology of the voyage of H. M.S. Beagle, 3, Birds : 90. pi. 29. Syn- 
TYPE, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1856.3.15.9. Maldonado 
Uraguay. Collected and presented by C. Darwin. 

A second syntype from Montevideo is listed as the type by 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 767. 

longicaudatus — Lanius nigriceps longicaudatus Ogilvie-Grant, 1902 . 23 
Novit. Zool., 9:480. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1881.5.1.53. 
Siam. Collected by Schomburgk. Gould Collection. 

There are four other syntypes in the collection. Lanius longi- 
caudatus Gould, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 : 151 is a nomen nudum. 

longipennis — Sporophila longipennis Chubb, 1921 . . .59 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (9) 7 : 193. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.12.14.515. Mount Roraima, 3,500', British Guiana, 
24 Jan. 1884. Collected by H. Whitely. Salvin-Godman Col- 
lection. 

longipes — Motacilla longipes Gmdin, nS9 . . . . .13 
Systema Naturae, 1, pt. 2:979. Holotype. Unsigned finished 
painting. New Zealand. No. 165 in Forster, Unpublished water- 
colour . . . drawings made during Cook's second voyage. Library 
of the Zoology Department, British Museum (Natural History). 
Vide Lysaght, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Hist. Ser., 1, (1959) : 309. 

longirostra — Certhia longirostra'Ldiihdim, \190 . .46 

Index Orn., 1 : 299. This species was referred to under this name 
by Horsfield, Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 (1821) : 167, and by 
Raffles, Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 (1822) : 299. Gadow, Cat. 
Bds. Brit. Mus., 9 (1884) : 109 lists type specimens for both 
Horsfield's and Raffles' descriptions, but since the type was 
Latham's specimen neither of Gadow's birds has any type status. 

longirostris — Chrysomitris longirostris Sharpe, 1 888 . .59 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 : 220. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1885.12.14.1219. Roraima, British Guiana, 6 Jan. 1882. Col- 
lected by H. Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are six other syntypes in the collection. 

longirostris — Criniger longirostris \\/a\\ace, IS62 . . .21 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1862 : 339. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1873.5.12.88. Sula Islands, 1861. Collected by Allen and 
A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 6 (1881) : 88. 



308 longirostris 

longirostris — Dicn<riis (Chibia) longirostris Ramsay, \S82 . 64 

Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales, 1 : 300. Syntype, Adult female. 
Ree. no. 1884.1.19.8. Wano, San Christoval, Solomon Islands, 
April 1882. Collected by J. Stephens. Purchased of J. T. 
Cockerell. 
Specimen label marked 'Type 2 2'. 

longirostris — Otocoris longirostris Mooxq, \Z55 . .17 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1855 : 215, pi. 111. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1881.5.1.2145. Neighbourhood of Agra, Kulu, Upper 
India. Collected by Major Hay. Gould Collection. 

There are four other specimens from Hay in the collection, 
presumably all syntypes. Moore used Gould's MS. name. 

longirostris — Piezorhvnchus alecto longirostris Mathews, 1928 . 38 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 48 : 93. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1883.5.30.76. Larat, Timor Laut, 5 Sept. 1882. Collected and 
presented by H. O. Forbes. 

longirostris — P?77o//5 /o/7^/>o5rm Ogilvie-Grant, 1911 . .48 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 29 : 27. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1873.5.12.1037. WammaIsland,Aru Islands, Jan. 1857. Collected 
by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

longirostris — Pyctorhis longirostris Moore, \854 . . . . 32B 

in Horsfield & Moore, Catalogue of Birds in the Museum of the 
Honourable East India Company, \ : 409. Syntype, Adult (re- 
laxed mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4741. Nepal. Collected by 
B. H. Hodgson and presented by the Honourable East India 
Company Museum. 

Moore used Hodgson's MS. name. 

longstafli — Malacocincia canicapillus longs taffi T. H. Harrisson & 

Hartley, 1934 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 54 : 152. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1933.11.2.6. Mount Dulit, 3,600', Sarawak, Borneo, 18 Sept. 
1932. Collected by T. H Harrisson & C. H. Hartley and pre- 
sented by the Oxford University Sarawak Expedition. 

lopezi — .4/7a//5 /o/;ez/ Boyd Alexander, 1903 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 13 : 35. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.2210. Bakaki, Fernando Po, 19 Nov. 1902. Collected 
by Lopez. Boyd Alexander Bequest. 

lopezi — Callene lopezi Boyd Alexander, 1907 .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 19 : 46. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23. 1876. Near Libokwa, Welle River, north-east Belgian 
Congo, 13 March 1906. Collected by J. Lopes on the Alexander- 
Gosling Expedition. Boyd Alexander Bequest. 

A female collected on 12 March, Reg. no. 1911.12.23.1875. has for 
many years been labelled as the type. 



lovati 309 

lopezi — Phlexis lopezi Boyd Alexander, 1903 . . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 13 : 48. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.2246. Moka, Fernando Po., 11 Dec. 1902. (14 Dec. 
1902, on label.) Collected by Boyd Alexander. Boyd Alexander 
Bequest. 

The above specimen was described and selected but a male 
specimen is also labelled "Type", and there are two other syntypes 
in the collection. 

lopezi — Pytelia lopezi Boyd Alexander, 1906 . . .60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 16 : 124. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.3271. Near Bunda, Shari River, French Equatorial 
Africa, 3 Aug. 1905. Collected by Boyd Alexander. Boyd 
Alexander Bequest. 

loretoyacuensis — Thanmophilus loretoyacuensis Bartlett, 1882 4 

Proc. zool Soc. Lond., 1882 : 374. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1885.5.19.2. Loretoyacu, east Peru, 14 Nov. 1877. Collected by 
J. Hauxwell and received in exchange from the Maidstone Museum. 

loricata — Grallaria loricata P. L. Sclater, 1857 .... 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1857 : 129. Sclater referred only to material 
in the Paris Museum. The two specimens he later listed as types. 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 327, have no type-status. 

loricata — Monarcha loricata Wallace, 1863 .38 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1863 : 29. pi. 6. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1873.5.12.223. Bouru Island, Molucca Group, 1861. 
Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

The author marked the label of this specimen in red, but there are 
two other syntypes in the collection. 

louisae — Rhynchostruthus louisae Phillips, 1 897 . . .59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 6 : 47. Syntype, Adult (female, on label). 
Reg. no. 1898.7.27.27. Goolis Mountains, Sheikh, Somaliland, 
31 Jan. 1897. Collected by and purchased of E. Lort Phillips. 

This specimen was labelled "Type" by the author. There is 
another syntype in the collection. 

louisiadensis — Cracticus louisiadensis Tr'xsixdiVn, \'&%9 . . .68 
Ibis, (6) 1 : 555. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1945.53.6. Sudest 
Island, Louisiade Islands, off New Guinea, Autumn, 1888. Col- 
lected by B. H. Thomson. Received in exchange with York 
Museum. 

lovati— C/i7/co/a /ova// Ogilvie-Grant, 1900 . . ,35 

Jhi.s, (7) 6 : 161. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1900.1.3.78. 
Burka, Abyssinia, 6 Jan. 1899. Collected by H. W. Blundell and 
Lord Lovat. 

\o\i.ti~0 thy phantes lovati S>\\t\\ey, \905 61 

77?^ Birds of Africa, 4 : 457. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 



3 1 lowel 

1900.1.3.309. Lekamte, south Abyssinia, 16 March 1899. Col- 
lected and presented by H. W. Blundell and Lord Lovat. 

lov/ei—Alethe lowei C. H. B. Grant & Mackworth-Praed, 1941 . 31 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 61 : 61. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1932.5.10.269. 8 miles south of Njombe, 6,600', Tanganyika, 3 
Dec. 1931. Collected by H. Lynes on the Lynes-Lowe Expedition. 

lowei — Cvanomitra olivacea lowei Wnceni, \92)A . . .46 

Ibis, (13) 4 : 91. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1907.12.30. 
19. Kafulafuta River, Northern Rhodesia, 17 Oct. 1905. Col- 
lected by S. A. Neave. Presented by the Manchester Museum. 

lowii — Sarcops lowii Shdivpt, 1877 .62 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., (2) 1 {Zool.) : 344. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1876.5.30.5. Si Bitu Island, Sula Archipelago. Col- 
lected and presented by Sir Hugh Low {vide, op. cit. : 310). 

lowii — 5'i7i7W/a /oii^/ Ogilvie-Grant, 1911 . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 27 : 105. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.18.245. St. Paul de Loanda, West Africa, 24 March 1911. 
Collected by W. P. Lowe. Presented by Capt. E. C. Hardy R.N. 
from his survey of the west coast of Africa. 

luangwae — Passer diffusus luangwae Benson, 1956 . . .61 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 76 : 40. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1955.41.3. Mupamadzi River, Luangwa Valley, Mpika Distr., 
Northern Rhodesia, 12°37' S., 3r01' E., 21 June 1954. Collected 
and presented by C. W. Benson. 

luapula — Cisticola galactotes luapula Lynes, \933 . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 53 : 169. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1933.3.13.2. Lake Bangweolo, 3,800', North-east Rhodesia, 26 
Nov. 1930. Collected by Admiral H. Lynes and J. Vincent. 
Presented by Admiral H. Lynes. 

lubomirskii — Pipreola lubomirskii Taczanowski, \^19 ... 7 
Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1879 : 236. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1 888. 1 . 1 3. 1 63 1 . Tambillo, 5,800', Cajamarca dept. 6° S., Northern 
Peru, 22 March 1878. Collected by Stolzmann and Jelski. Sclater 
Collection. 

lucida — Coereba lucidaP. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1859 . . 51 

Ibis, (1) 1 : 14. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1854.7.31.156. 
(Guatemala, on label). Collected by G. U. Skinner. Sclater 
Collection, received by him from J. Gould. 
There are several syntypes in the collection. 

lucida — Myiagra lucida G. R. Gray, 1858 . . . . .38 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 176. Holotype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1851.10.11.9. Louisade Archipelago, (Round 
Island, vide Brit. Mus. Register). (Collected by J. Macgillivray 



lugubris 3 1 1 

vide J. E. and G. R. Gray, Catalogue of the Mammals and Birds of 
New Guinea in the British Museum, (1858) : 27). Presented by J. 
MacGillivray. 

lucieni — M^r/ra /j/c/V/?/ Sharpe and Bouvier, 1878 . .60 

Bull. Sac. zool. France, 3 : 75. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1878. 
2.23.57. Ungomongo, Interior of Congo, Dec. 1877. Collected by 
A. Lucan and L. Petit. Purchased of A. Bouvier. 

lucifer — Carpodacus rubicilloides lucifer R. Meinertzhagen, 1926 . 59 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 46 : 83. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1922.12.31.216. Chusha, 13,000', Southern Tibet, 18 June 1921. 
Collected by A. R. F. Wollaston. Presented by the Royal Geo- 
graphical Society, from the 1st Everest Expedition. 

ludlowi — Fulvetta ludlowi Kinnear, 1935 ..... 32B 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 55 : 134. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1935.4.5.1. Sakden, 9,000', east Bhutan, 20 Oct. 1934. Collected 
by F. Ludlow. Ludlow-Sherriff Collection. 

ludlowi — Phylloscopus trochiloides ludlowi Whistler, 1931 . . 35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 52 : 62. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1931.12.10.1. Maran River, 5,500', (2 stages from Kishtwar), 25 
May 1931. Collected and presented by F. Ludlow. 

ludoviciae — Me/-w/<3 /w^ovvc/ae Lort Phillips, 1895 . . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 4 : 36. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1898.7. 
27.102. Darra Ass, Somaliland. Collected and presented by 
E. Lort Phillips. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

lufira — Cisticola woosnami lufira Lynes, 1 930 . . . .35 

Ibis, (12) 6, Supplement; 300, Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1909.12.31.183. Upper Lufira River, Haut Luapula District, 
Belgian Congo, 21 June 1907. Collected and presented by S. A. 
Neave. 

lugens — Butalis lugens H^ril^uh, \^60. . . .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land, 1860 : 110. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1873.12.10.15. Pembe, Angola. Collected by and purchased of 
J. J. Monteiro. 

lugentoides — Saxicola lugentoides Seebohm, 1881 . . .31 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 5:371. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1898.9.1.2274. Sennaar (error, Yemen, vide W. L. Sclater, Bull. 
Br. Orn. CI., 49 (1928) : 17), July 1839. Collected by Botta. 
Seebohm Bequest. 
There are two other syntypes in the Paris Museum. 

lugubris — Corydalla lugubris Walden, 1 875 . .19 

Trans, zool. Soc. Lond., 9 : 189. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 

no. 1888.7.12.732. Guimaras, Philippines, March 1872. Col- 
lected by A. B. Meyer. Tweeddale Collection. 



3 1 2 lugubris 

lugubris — Oc/ithocliaeta lugubris Berlepsch, ]8S3 .... 9 
Ibis, (5) 1 :492. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1888.1.13.48. 
Merida, Venezuela. Collected by A. Goering. Sclater Collection. 

luguieri — M viagra luguieri TristTam, IS19 . . . 38 

Ibis, (4) '3 : 188. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1879.3.5.9. 
Kepenche, Lifu, Loyalty Islands, (23 August 1878, on label). 
Collected by E. L. Layard. Purchased of Canon Tristram. 

Although Tristram, Catalogue of a collection of Birds, (1889) : 
198, listed a specimen, now in the Liverpool Museum, as the type, 
he did not select a holotype in his original description and the two 
specimens are syntypes. 

lumsdeni — Babax lanceolatus lumsdeni Kinnear, 1938 . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 58 : 76. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1937.1.17.240. Le La, between Chayul Dzong and Charme, 
14,000', south Tibet, 7 May 1936. Collected by F. Ludlow and 
G. Sherriff and presented by the Godman-Thomas Trust. 

lunaris — lanthocincla lunaris McClelland, IS40 . . . . 32B 

if] Horsfield, Proc. zool. Sac. Land., 1839 (publ. 1840) : 160. 
Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4789. 
Assam. Collected by J. McClelland and presented by the Honour- 
able East India Company Museum. 

lundae — Eremomela grisoflava lundae C. H. B. Grant and 

Mackworth-Praed, 1941 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 61 : 62. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1931.12.21.85. Missao de Luz, Lunda District, Angola, 10°30' S., 
20M5' E., Jan. 1931. Collected and presented by Admiral H. 
Lynes. 

lunigera — Calliste lunigera P. L. Sclater, 1851 . . .51 

in Jardine, Contributions to Ornithology : 65, pi. 70. Holotype, 
Adult. Reg. no. 1885.6.12.382. Ecuador. Collected for 
Verreaux. Sclater Collection, received by him from E. Wilson. 

lunulata — Pithys lunulata P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1873 ... 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1873:276. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1889.9.20.561. Sarayacu, east Peru. Collected by E. 
Bartlett. Sclater Collection. 

lunulatus — Turdus lunulatus Latham, 1801 . .31 

Index Ornithologicus, Suppl. : xlii. ?Holotype, Water-colour 
drawing. New South Wales. No. 124 in Watling, Original water- 
colour drawings. . . . Library of the Zoology Department, 
British Museum, (Natural History). Vide Sharpe, Hist. Coll. 
Brit. Mus., 2 {190)6) : 131. 

Vol. 2, no. 41 in Lambert drawings, in library at Knowsley, 
Lancashire (see introduction to this catalogue vol. 2). See also 
Mathews, Birds of Australia, 9 (1922) : 316. 



lutleyi 313 

luptoni — Paradisea apoda hiptoni P. R. Lowe, 1923 . .70 

Bull. Brit. Om. CI., 43 : 101. Holotype, Reg. no. 1923.3.1.1. 
New Guinea. Presented by H.M. Customs. Taken from a box 
seized at Newhaven, Sussex. 

luridus — Planesticus luridus Bonaparte, \%54 . .31 

C. r. Acad. Sci. Paris, 38 : 4. Syntype, Adult (female in register). 
Reg. no. 1854.1.17.33. New Granada. Purchased of Verreaux. 
Listed as type by Seebohm, Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 5 (1881) : 220. 

lurio — Cisticola {emini) lurio Vincent, 1933 . . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Om. CI, 53 : 173. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1933.3.1.23. Mirrote, 1,500', Mozambique, Portuguese East 
Africa, 15 June 1932. Collected by J. Vincent. Presented by the 
Portuguese East Africa Expedition. 

luscinia — Microcerculus luscinia Salvin, 1866 .28 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1866:69. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.3.6.185. Santa Fe, Veragua, 1864. Collected by E. 
Arce. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The second syntype is not in the collection. 

luteifrons — //}7op/;/7w.s' /Mre//>-0775 P. L. Sclater, 1881 . . .56 

Ibis, (4) 5:308. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1885.3.10.189. 
Bartica Grove, British Guiana, 3 Feb. 1880. Collected by H. 
Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

luteiventris — ElaenialuteiventrisY.h.Sc\a\ev,\%5% ... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 :71. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.690. Upper Napo River, Quixos, eastern Ecuador. 
Probably collected by Villavicencio for Verreaux. Sclater Col- 
lection. 

iuteola— Cfl/Z/^re /w/eo/a P. L. Sclater, 1850 51 

This name was originally proposed by Sclater for C. chrysonota 
{q.v.) but the name was changed when pages in Jardine's Contri- 
butions to Ornithology were suppressed and replaced {vide de 
Schaunsee, Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 109 (1957) : 242). 

luteoventris — Tribura luteoventris Hodgson, 1845 . .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1845:30. ?Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1845.1.9.467. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

lutesccns — Mixornis rubricapilla lutecens Delacour, 1926 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Om. CI., 47 : 18. Holotype, Adult male (in text; female 
on label). Reg. no. 1924.12.21.1. Bao-Ha, Tonkin, 22 Aug. 1923 
(in text; 22 Oct. 1923 on label). Collected by H. Stevens and 
presented by the Percy Sladen Trust and Godman Exploration Fund. 

lutleyi — 7a/z^ara /w//e)7 Hellmayr, 1917 . .51 

Verh. Om. Ges. Bavern., 13 : 198. New name for Calliste melanotis 
P. L. Sclater, Ibis, (3) 6 (1876): 408. (q.v.), preoccupied by 
Agelaia melanotis Swainson, 1837. 



314 luzonica 

luzonica — Zo^/ero/^.v ///-o/»Vcf Ogilvie-Grant, 1895 . . .47 

Bull. Brit. Orii. CI., 4 : 22. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1897.5.13.175. (Manitoe, Albay District, on label), South-east 
Luzon, Philippines, (3 Sept. 1844, on label). Collected by J. 
Whitehead. Presented by the subscribers to the Whitehead 
Expedition. 

There is no indication of the number of specimens in the original 
description but the author refers to 'Types' in Ibis, (7) 1 (1895) : 453. 
A female specimen no. 1897.5.13.163. would appear to be a syntype, 
but specimen no. 1 896. 1.17.9. appears to have been listed as a syntype 
in error by Mees, Zool. Verh., Leiden, 35 (1957) : 165. 

luzoniense — Dicaeum luzoniense OgUvie-Grant, 1 894 .45 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 3 : 50. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1897.5.13.99. La Trinadad, Benguet District, North-west Luzon, 
Philippines, 15 Jan. 1894. Collected by J. Whitehead. Presented 
by the subscribers to the Whitehead Expedition. 

Labelled as type by author. The female syntype is also in the 
collection. 

luzoniensis — Loxia luzoniensis Ogilvie-Grant, 1 894 . . .59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 3 : 51. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897. 
13.103. North Luzon, (La Trinidad, Benguet District, North-west 
Luzon, 31 Dec. 1893, on label). Collected by J. Whitehead. 
Presented by the subscribers to the Whitehead Expedition. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

luzoniensis — Muscicapula luzoniensis Ogilvie-Grant, \S>94 . 37 

Ibis, (6) 6:505. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897.5.13.32. 
North-west Luzon (La Trinidad, Benguet District, 15 Feb. 1894, 
on label). Collected by J. Whitehead. Presented by the sub- 
scribers to the Whitehead Expedition. 

This is the described male. The described female syntype is also 
in the collection. 

Iwenarum — Antlms richardi Iwenarum C. M. N. White, 1946 . . 19 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 67 : 9. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1953. 
54.205. Balovale, Northern Rhodesia, 23 Oct. 1943. Presented by 
C. M. N. White. 

lynesi — Antlms rufulus lynesi Bannerman & Bates, 1926 . 19 

Ibis, (12) 2 -.802. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1926.8.8.1. 
East of Bamenda, 5,000', Cameroon, 15 Feb. 1926 (in text; 1925 on 
label). Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

lynesi — Apalis lynesi yinceni, 1933 . . . . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 53 : 142. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1933.3.1.12. Namuli Mountain, 5,000', Quelimane Province, 
Portuguese East Africa, 5 Aug. 1932. Collected by J. Vincent. 
Presented by the Portuguese East Africa Expedition. 



macclounii 3 1 5 

lynesi — Batis orientalis lynesi C. H. B. Grant and Mackworth-Praed, 

1940 38 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 60 : 92. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1919.12.17.211. Sinkat, Red Sea Province, Sudan, 20 March 1914. 
Collected by W. P. Lowe. Presented by A. Chapman and H. Lynes. 

lynesi — Cisticola ayresii lynesi Bates, 1 926 . . . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 46 : 90. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1926.8.8.4. Oku, west of Kumbo, Cameroon, 12 Feb. 1925. Col- 
lected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

lynesi — Galerida cristata lynesi ^]\isi\Q.r,\92^ . . . .17 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 49 : 52. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1897.12.10.2259. GUgit, Kashmir, 20 March 1880. Collected by 
J. Scully and presented by Col. J. Biddulph. 

lynesi — Hirundo atrocaerulea lynesi C. H. B. Grant & Mackworth- 
Praed, 1942 18 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 62 : 45. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1932.5.10.1469. Njombe, southern Tanganyika, 24 Nov. 1931. 
Collected and presented by Admiral H. Lynes. 

lynesi — Mirafra rufa lynesi C. H. B. Grant & Mackworth-Praed, 1933 17 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 53 : 246. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1933.6.28.1. Delami, Kordofan Province, Sudan, 13 July 1927. 
Collected by W. Ruttledge and presented by the Sudan Government. 

lynesi — Myrmecocichla lynesi Bannerman, 1927 . . . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 47 : 147. Holotype, Adult male, in moult. 
Reg. no. 1928.10.25.34. Huambo, 5,500', Benguella Province, 
Angola, 26 Feb. 1927. Collected and presented by Admiral H. 
Lynes. 

maal — Petrocincla maal Sykes, IS32 . . . . . .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1832 : 88. A specimen was listed as type by 
Seebohm, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 5 (1881) : 318, but cannot now be 
traced. 

mabirae — Stiphrornis mabirae isickson, \9\0 . . . .31 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 25 : 85. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1910.2.9.1. Mabira Forest, 4,300', Uganda, 11 Dec. 1908. Col- 
lected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

macarthuri — Pogonocichla stellata macarthuri V. G. L. van Someren, 

1939 31 

J. E. Afr. & Uganda nat. Hist. Soc, 14 : 83. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1948.11.11. Chyulu Range, 7,000', Kenya, 1 May 1938. 
Collected by V. G. L. van Someren and presented by the Coryndon 
Museum, Nairobi. 

macclounii — Callene macclounii Shelley, 1903 . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 13 : 61. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1903. 



3 1 6 macconnelli 

4.20.2. Nwenembe, 7,500', Nyasaland, Sept. 1902. Collected by 
McClounie and presented by A. Sharpe. 

macconnelli — Automohis turdinus macconnelli Chubb, 1919 . 3 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 39 : 60. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1922.3.5.2427. Ituribisi River, British Guiana, 1909. Collected 
by F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 

macconnelli — Elaeniaflavogaster macconnelli Chubb, \919 . . 9 
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (9) 4 : 304. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1922.3.5.2742. Supenaam River, British Guiana. Collected by 
F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 

macconnelli — Hvlopezas macularia macconnelli Chubb, 19\S . 4 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 38 : 86. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1922.3.5.2373. Ituribisi River, British Guiana, Aug. 1909. Col- 
lected by F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 

macconnelli — Lophotriccus macconnelli Chubb, \9\9 ... 9 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 39 : 90. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1922.3. 

5. 2696. Ituribisi River, British Guiana, Nov. 1906. Collected 
by F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 

macconnelli — Pachvrhamplms macconnelli, Chubb, 1920 . . 7 

Bull. Brit. Orn.' CI., 40 : 73. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1922.3.5.3176. Bonasika River, British Guiana, 1911. Collected 
by F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 

macconnelli — Pipromorpha oleaginea macconnelli Chubb, 1919 . 9 
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (9) 4 : 303. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1922.3.5.2725. Kamakabra River, British Guiana, 1911. Col- 
lected by F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 

macconnelli — Piranga saira macconnelli Chubb, \92\ . .51 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (9) 8 : 446. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1922.3.5.4330. Upper Takutu Mountains, British Guiana, 
1908. Collected by F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 

macconnelli — Sclerurus maxicanus macconnelli Chubb, 1919 . . 3 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 39:41. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1922.3.5.2397. Ituribisi River, British Guiana, Feb. 1907. Col- 
lected by F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 

macconnelli — Synallaxis macconnelli Chubb, 1919 . 3 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 39 : 78. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1922.3.5.2400. Mount Roraima, British Guiana, Oct. 1898. 
Collected by F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 

macconnelli — Zonotrichia macconnelli Sharpe, \900 . . .49 
Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., (2) 8, Zool. : 53, pi. 4. Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1899.12.26.1. Summit of Mount Roraima, 8,600', 
British Guiana, Oct. 1898. Collected and presented by F. V. 
McConnell as the type. {cont.) 



mackinnoni 317 

Listed as the type by Hellmayr and Conover, Catalogue of birds 
of the Americas, 11 (1938) : 585. There are several other syntypes 
in the collection. 

macdonaldi — Mirafra africanoides macdonaldi C. M. N. White, 1953 17 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 73 : 88. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1946.5.2826. Yavello, south Abyssinia, 3 July 1941. Collected 
and presented by C. W. Benson. 

macdonaldi — Sathrocercus cinnanwmeus macdonaldi C. H. B. Grant 

and Mackworth-Praed, 1941 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 61 : 26. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1938.5. 
18.43. Gummaro Stream, 3 miles west of Gore, Wallega area. 
Western Abyssinia, 7 Dec. 1917. Collected by Odon Kovac. 
Purchased of EflFendi Johannes. 

macgillivray — Zosterops macgillivray ShdiVT^Q, \90Q . . .47 
Ibis, (7) 6:345. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1900.1.10.43. 
Foreland Bay, Epi, New Hebrides, 23 May 1899. Collected and 
presented by A. M. Farquhar, R.N. 

This specimen was labelled and registered as the type. The other 
syntypes are also in the collection. 

macgillivrayl — Rhipidura macgillivrayi Sharps, 1%SI . . . 37A 
Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1881 : 789, pi. 67. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1881.5.1.559. Lord Howe Island, 13 Sept. 1853. Col- 
lected by J. Macgillivray on the voyage of H.M.S. Herald. Gould 
Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

machika — Geocichla machika Forbes, 1 883 . . . .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1883 : 589. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1883.5.30.101. Timor Laut, Sept. 1882. Collected by H. O. 
Forbes and presented by the Committee of the Timor Laut Ex- 
pedition. 

mackenziana — Crvptolopha mackenziana Sharpe, 1892 . . ,35 
Ibis, (6) 4 : 153. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1893.12.1.20. 
Kikuyu, Kenya, 25 Aug. 1889. Collected and presented by F. J. 
Jackson. 

This specimen was presented as the type but a second specimen is 
referred to in the description. 

mackenziei — Emheriza schoeniculus mackenziei Bird, 1935 . . 49 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 56 : 54. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1947.15.2. South Lochboisdale, South Uist, Outer Hebrides, 
Scotland, 6 April 1935. Collected and presented by E. G. Bird. 

mackinnoni— LflAj/wi' AnocA/w/o/?/ Sharpe, 1891 . . .23 

Ibis, (6) 3 :444. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1893.12.1.15. 
(Bugemaia, op. cit. : 596), Kikuyu, Central East Africa, 14 Oct. 
1889. Collected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 



318 macleani 

macleani — Pseudogerygone macleani Ogilvie-Grant, 1907 . .36 

Ibis, (9) 1 : 545. 'Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1908.3.30.6. 
Maungahaumia, 2,000', North Island, New Zealand, 8 July 1906. 
Collected by and purchased of J. C. Maclean. 

macleayii — Ptilonor/iynclws }nacleayii Vigors & Horsheld, 1827 69 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Loud., 15 : 263. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1863.7.7.51a. Australia. Collected by Caley. Presented by 
the Linnean Society. 

macmillani — Anomalospiza macmillani ^2inntrm2in, \9\\ . . 61 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 29 : 37. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1912. 
10.15.1564. Korssa, 5,000', Jimma, south-western Abyssinia, 
21 May 1905. Collected by P. C. Zaphiro. Presented by W. N. 
Macraillan. 
The female syntype is in the collection. 

macmillani — Estrilda macmillani Ogilvic-Grant, 1907 . .60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 19 : 108. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1905.12.25.117. Ibago, Bara River, Sudan, 27 March 1904. 
Collected by P. C. Zaphiro. Presented by W. N. McMillan. 
The two other syntypes are also in the collection. 

macmillani — Pentlwlaea macmillani Sharpe, 1906 . . . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 16 : 126. Holotpye, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1912.10.15.830. Winke Goffa, 6,000', South Abyssinia, 27 June 
1905. Collected by P. Zaphiro and presented by W. N. McMillan. 

macphersoni — Apalis macphersoni Vincent, 1934 . . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 59 : 177. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1934.3.4.1. Cholo Mountain, 3,500', Nyasaland, 21 July 1933. 
Collected and presented by D. W. Macpherson. 

macroptera — Myiagra macroptera Vigors and Horsfield, 1827 . 38 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15:254. Holotype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1863.7.7.48. Australia. Collected by Caley. 
Presented by the Linnean Society as the type. 
The specimen now lacks a tail. 

macropus — Locustella macropus Swinhoe, 1863 . . . .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863 : 93. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1898.9.1.1378. Amoy, South-east China, 31 May 1861. Collected 
by R. Swinhoe. Seebohm Bequest. 

macrorhyncha — Pratincola macrorhyncha Stoliczka, IS12 . . 31 
J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 41 : 238. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1886.4.1.1533. Near Bhuj, Cutch, India, 20 Feb. 1872. Collected 
by F. Stoliczka. Hume Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

macrorhynchus — Acrocephalus macrorhynchus Hume, ]S1\ . . 35 

Ibis, (3) 1:31. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1886.7.8.1742. 
Sutlej Valley, not far from Rampoor, Himalayas, (13 Nov. 1867, 
on label). Collected by A. O. Hume. Hume Collection. 



maculipectus 319 

macrorhynchus — Bradypterus macrorliynchus Jackson, \9\0 . . 35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 17 : 8. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1910.10.8.2. Il-polossat, 7,500', Laikipia, Central Kenya, 21 June 
1908. Collected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

maculata — Cisticola lais maculata Lynes, 1930 . . .35 

Ibis, (12) 6, Supplement; 224. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 

1876.5.23.102. Berg River, Piquetberg District, Cape Province. 
Collected by E. L. Layard. Sharpe Collection. 

maculata — Mcf/acoc/c/?/fli wacw/o/a P. L. Sclater, 1858 . . .31 
Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1858:64. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1858.2.4.33. Rio Napo, Quixos Province, east Ecuador. Pur- 
chased of Verreaux. 

Sclater used Verreaux's MS. name. 

maculatus — Anthus maculatus Hodgson, \S44 . . . .19 
in J. E. Gray, Zoological Miscellany, 1844 : 83. (nomen nudum). 

Seven specimens in the collection were listed as types by Sharpe, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 (1885) : 549. 

maculatus — Brachypteryx maculatus Eyton, 1 845 .... 32B 
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (1) 16:228. Holotype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1846.3.4.35. Malacca. Collected and pre- 
sented by A. Charlton. 

maculicaudis — Pyriglenamaculicaudis'P.'L.S>c\dAtr,\%5% . 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 247. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1 889.9.20.437. Trinidad (error, imported from north Colombia, 
vide Hellmayr, Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 3 (1924) : 223). 
Sclater Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 268. 
The other syntype is in the collection. 

maculicollis — Serinus maculicollis Sharpe, 1895 . . . .59 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 4 :41. Holotype, Adult (female, on label). 
Reg. no. 1895.7.7.14. Somaliland, (MUmil, 29 July 1844, on label). 
Collected by A. Donaldson Smith and presented as the type. 

The description by Sharpe, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1895 (publ. 
Oct.) : 470 indicates that the original description was that of the 
female, although this was not stated in the original. The unsexed 
specimen collected at the same date and place, now in the Academy 
of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, and listed by De Schauensee, 
Proc. Acad. nat. Sci. Philadelphia, 101 (1957) : 243, as a syntype, 
appears to have no type status. 

maculipectus — Garrulax ocellatus maculipectus Hashisuka, 1953 . 32B 
Auk, 70 : 92. New name for lanthocincla ocellata similis Roths- 
child, 1921 (^.v.) on the grounds of its preoccupation by Trochalop- 
teron simile Hume, 1871. 



320 maculipectus 

maculipectus — Rhipidura maculipectus G. R. Gray, 1858 . 37A 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1858 : 176. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1858.3.10.60. Aru Islands. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

maculipennis — Abrornis macuUpennis Blyth, 1867 . . .35 

Ibis, (2) 3:27. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1880.1.1.1221. 
Nepal. (Collected by B. Hodgson, on label). Presented by the 
Honourable East India Company Museum. 

The author stated that his type was at the India Museum. The 
wing measurement given in the text is a printer's error. 

maculipennis — Coccothraustes maculipennis P. L. Sclater, 1 860 59 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860:251, pi. 163. Syntype, Adult 
(female, vide Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 35). Reg. no. 
1885.2.10.645. (Vera Cruz, on label), Mexico. Collected by A. 
Salle. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 35. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

maculipennis — Tliamnophilus maculipennis F. L. Sclater, 1855 4 

Edinb. New Philos. Journ. (n.s.), 1 : 247. As this name was intro- 
duced as a 'new name' for Thamnophilus stellatus Spix it stands 
as an objective synonym of the latter, in spite of Sclater's intention 
of superceding Spix's loose description. He later listed as type a 
specimen from his collection. Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 217. 
None of the specimens referred to by Sclater as Thamnophilus 
maculipennis (loc. cit.) have any type-status. 

maculosa — Cercomacra maculosa P. L. Sclater, 1 860 ... 4 
Proc. zool Soc. Lond., 1860 : 279. Syntype, Subadult. Reg. no. 
1860.11.9.3. Babahoya, Ecuador, Aug. 1859. Collected by and 
purchased of L. Eraser. 

This specimen has been selected rather than the syntype listed as 
type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 267, since it 
agrees better with the description. 

maculosus — Graucalus maculosus McClelland, 1 840 . .20 

in Horsfield, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1839 (publ. 1840) : 159. 
Holotype, Adult male (relaxed mount in poor condition). Assam. 
Collected by J. McClelland and presented by the Honourable East 
India Company Museum. 

maderaspatensis — Pomatorhinus horsfieldii maderaspatensis Whistler, 

1936 32B 

J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc, 38, pt. 2 : 699. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1937.12.21.27. Kurumbapatti, Salem District, Eastern 
Ghats, India, 24 April 1929. Collected by V. S. La Personne (on 
label) of the Vernay Expedition, and presented by the Bombay 
Natural History Society. 



magna 321 

maderensis — Fringilla maderensis Shavpe, 1888 . . . .58 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 : 175. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1879.4.5.724. Madeira, 20 June 1871. Collected by F. D. 
Godman. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

This specimen was labelled as the type by the author. There 
are four other syntypes in the collection. 

madierensis — Regulus madierensis Harcourt, IS51 . . . .35 

Sketch of Madeira : 118. (also quoted in Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 
1854 : 153). Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1856.2. 
4.1. Madeira. Collected by E. Vernon Harcourt. 

Listed as the type by Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 8 (1883) : 85, 
but a second specimen was referred to in the description. 

madoci — Monticola solitarius inadoci Chasen, 1940 . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 60 : 97. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1947.60.43. Batu Caves, near Kuala Lumpur, Selangor, 24 May 
1910. Collected by 'C.B.H.H.', and presented by the Raffles 
Museum, Singapore. 

magel]anica — Motacilla magellanica GmeMn, 11^9 ... 6 

Systema Naturae, 1, pt. 2:979. Holotype, Unsigned, almost 
finished painting. Terra del Fuego, 28 Dec. 1774. No. 163 in 
Forster, Unpublished water-colour . . . drawings made during 
Cook's second voyage. Library of the Zoology Department, 
British Museum (Natural History). Vide Lysaght, Bull. Brit. Mus. 
(Nat. Hist.), Hist. Ser., 1 (1959) : 309. 

magellanicus — Troglodytes magellanicus Gould, \S37 .28 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond, 1836 (pub/. 1837) : 88. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1885.3.6.408. In Fretu Magellanico. Collected by C. Darwin. 
Salvin-Godman Collection; obtained by them from J. Gould. 

This specimen bears the date 4 Jan. 1837, possibly when Darwin 
handed it to Gould. 

magna — Acanthiza magna Gould, 1855 . . .36 

Birds of Australia, Supplement, pt. 2 : text to pi. 28. Holotype, 
Adult. Reg. no. 1858.12.2.35. Van Dieman's Land. Collected 
by R. Gunn. Purchased of J. Gould. 

This specimen was labelled "Type and only specimen" by Gould, 
but a later specimen was figured, vide Mathews, Birds of Australia, 
10 (1922) -.46. 

magna — Cinnyris magna Hodgson, 1 837 .46 

hidia Review, 1837 : 272. Syntype, Adult male (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1843.1.13.221. Nepal. Collected and presented by 
B. H. Hodgson. 

The specimen is faded. There are other syntypes in the col- 
lection. 



322 magna 

magna — Galerida magna Hume, 1%1\ ...... 17 

Ibis, (3) 1 :407. Syntype, Subadult male. Reg. no. 1873.6.30.3. 
Yarkand, 25 Aug. Collected by Dr. Henderson on the Lahore to 
Yarkand Expedition and purchased of Gerrard. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

magna — ^/Yra wa^«a Wardlaw Ramsay 1876 . . . .43 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1876 : 677, pi. 63. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1888.5.30.668. Karen-nee, Burma, Jan. 1876. Collected 
by a native collector. Tweeddale Collection. 

magnifica — Aethopyga magnifica Sharpe, IS16 . . . .46 
Nature, 14:297. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1876.8.28.55. 
Negros, Philippines. Collected by and purchased of G. B. Steere. 
One of the other syntypes is in the collection. 

magnirostratus — Cinnyris cyanolaemus magnirostratus Bates, 1 930 . 46 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 51 : 53. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1930.12.3.6. Sandaru, Kono District, Sierra Leone, 18 June 1930. 
Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

magnirostris — Alcippe tnagnirostris Moore, \S54 . . . . 32B 
in Horsfield & Moore, Catalogue of Birds in the Museum of the 
Honourable East India Company, 1 : 407. Holotype, Adult 
(relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.1970. Malacca. Collected 
by T. Cantor and presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 

magnirostris — Alcippe magnirostris Walden, ISl 5 . . . 32B 

in Blyth, Birds of Burma : 115 (extra number of J. Asiat. Soc. 
Bengal, 44, pt. 2 Aug. 1875). Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1888.4.20. Kare-nee (Tonghoo Hills, 25 March 1875, on label). 
Collected by R. G. Wardlaw Ramsay. Tweeddale Collection. 

Renamed Alcippe poiocephala karenni by Robinson & Kloss, 
on the grounds of preoccupation by A. magnirostris Moore, 1854. 

magnirostris — Eopsaltria magnirostris Gould, IS69 . . .37 
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 4 : 109. Holotype, Adult, (female, vide 
Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 8 (1883) : 178). Reg. no. 1881.5.1. 
1111. Rockingham Bay, Queensland. Collected by E. P. Ramsay 
(the label bears his initials). Gould Collection. 
Gould used a Ramsay MS. name. 

magnirostris — Geospiza magnirostris Gould, \^3il . . .53 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1837 : 5. Syntype, Adult female (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1855.12.19.80. Galapagos Archipelago, 
(Chatham Island, on label). Collected by C. Darwin. Purchased 
of the Zoological Society of London. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

magnirostris — Myiobius magnirostris ...... 9 

see, Tyrannula magnirostris Gould, 1839. New generic name sup- 
plied by G. R. Gray when text was published. 



mahei 323 

magnirostris — Tyrannula magmrostris GomXA, 1839 ... 9 
Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, 3, Birds : 48, pi. 8. 
Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1856.3.15.10. Chatham 
Island, Galapagos Archipelago. October, (the date 4 Jan. 1837 
on the label appears to refer to the date when Gould received it). 
Collected and presented by C. Darwin. 

The generic name was changed to Myoibius by G. R. Gray when 
the text was edited after the publication of the plate. Listed as the 
type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 263. 

magnirostris — Zosterops novaeguineae magnirostris Mcqs, 1955 . 47 
Zool. Meded. Rijksmus. Nat. Hist. Leiden, 34 : 153. Holotype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1936.4.20.94. Awar, North-east New 
Guinea, Jan. 1936. Collected by A. Chaplin. Presented by Lord 
Moyne. 

magnum — Malacopteron magnum Eyton, 1839 .... 32B 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1839 : 103. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1881.2.18.121. Sumatra (on label; paper entitled 'Birds from 
Malaya'). Eyton Collection. 

magrathi — Anorthura magrathi C. H. T. Whitehead, 1907 . . 28 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 21 : 19. Syntype, Immature female. Reg. no. 
1908.11.10.142. Kurram Valley, 12,500', Safed Koh Range, 
North-West Frontier Province, India, 6 Aug. 1906. Collected and 
presented by C. H. T. Whitehead. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

magrathi — Molpastes magrathi C. H. T. Whitehead, 1908 . 21 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 21 : 48. Syntype, (Adult female on label). Reg. 
no. 1908.11.12.35. Bannu, 1,000', North-west Provinces, India, 
20 Feb. 1907. Collected and presented by H. A. F. Magrath. 
There are two other syn types in the collection. 

mahali — Plocepasser mahali Smith, IS36 . . . .61 

Report of the Expedition for exploring Central Africa of 1834 : 51. 
Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1845.7.6.132. Between the 
Orange River and Tropic, South Africa. (Restricted to Modder 
River near the junction with the Riet River, Orange Free State, 
vide, 3rd Report of the S. A. O. S. List Committee, Ostrich 30 (1959) : 
116). Collected by and purchased of A. Smith. 

This specimen was listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. 
Mus., 13 (1890) : 246, but there are other syntypes in the collection 
and in the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 

mahei — Cinnyris mahei 'NicoW, 1906 ...... 46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 16 : 106. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.12.21.379. Mahe Island, Seychelles, Indian Ocean, 25 
March 1906. Collected by M. J. NicoU on the voyage of R.Y.S. 

t/,.iL,.ii,. n * I 1 tu„ iT,._i „rr~'_.,...r i 



Valhalla. Presented by the Earl of Crawford. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 



324 mahrattensis 

mahrattensis — Pastor mahrattensis Sykes, 1 832 . . .62 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1832:95. Holotype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4417. The Ghauts, Deccan, India. 
Collected by W. H. Sykes. Presented by the Honourable East India 
Company Museum. 

mahrattensis — Turcius simillimus mahrattensis Whistler & Kinnear, 

1933 31 

J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc, 36 : 76. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1886.7.8.2714. Neher, Mahableshwar, India, 16 April 1870. 
Collected by S. B. Fairbank. Hume Collection. 

major — A Icippe nipalensis inajor Delacour, 1926 .... 32B 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 47 : 18. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1926. 
9.8.22. Col des Nuages, Hue, Annam, 9 Feb. 1926. Collected by 
J. Delacour on the Second Franco-British Expedition to Indo-China. 
This is the author's selected male. His selected female syntype 
is also in the collection. 

major — Ceblepvris major Sharpe, \S70 . . . . .20 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1870 : 389. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1875.4.9.400. North Madagascar. Collected by A. Crossley. 
Sharpe Collection. 

major — Diglossa major Cahinis, IS49 . . . .51 

in Schomburgk, Reisen in British Guiana, 1840-1844, 3, Voegel 
(1848, publ. 1849) : 676. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. 
no. 1884.7.31.21. Roraima Mountains, 6,000', Guiana. Col- 
lected by Schomburgk. Sclater Collection, received by him in 
exchange from the Berlin Museum {vide Sclater, Ibis, (3) 5 (1875) : 
214). 

Listed as one of the types by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 1 
(1886) :7. 

major — Dt/mef/co/cr Awa/or W. E. Brooks, 1871 . .35 

Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bens;al, 1871 : 210. Syntype, Adult (male, on 
label). Reg. no. 1886.7.8.1849. Cashmere, 14 June 1871. Col- 
lected by E. E. Brooks. Hume Collection. 

major — Glyphorhynchus major V. L. Sclater, \S62 ... 2 

Catalogue of a collection of American birds : 1 61 . Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1889.5.20.457.' Choctum, Vera Paz, Guatemala. Col- 
lected by O. Salvin. Sclater Collection. 

major — //or^/Ye^ wq/or Horsfield and Moore, 1854 . .35 

A Catalogue of birds in the museum of the Honourable East India 
Company, 1 -.322. Syntype, Adult, (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 
1880.1.1.3057. Nepal. Collected by B. H. Hodgson. Presented 
by the Honourable East India Company as the type specimen, but a 
second syntype was available to the author. 

Horsfield and Moore used a Hodgson MS. name. This specimen 
was listed as the type by Seebohm, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 5 (1881) : 
145. 



malabaroides 325 

major — Hyloterpe major Bourns and Worcester, 1894 . . 39 

Minn. Acad. Nat. Sci. Occ. Papers, 1 : 22. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1896.6.6.346. Cebu, (17 March 1888, on label). Collected 
by D. C. Worcester. Steere Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

major — Orthotomus atrogularis major Chasen and Kloss, 1 928 . 35 
J. Malay Branch R. Asiat. Soc, 6, pt. 3 : 60. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1947.60.41. Siantan Island, Anamba Group, 
South China Seas, 5 Sept. 1925. Collected by F. N. Chasen. 
Presented by the Raffles Museum, Singapore. 

major — Orthotomus major Blundell and Lovat, 1 899 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 10 : 20. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1900.1.3.111. Getemma, Abyssinia, 14 March 1899. Collected 
and presented by H. W. Blundell and Lord Lovat. 

major — Rhinocichla mitrata major Robinson & Kloss, 1919 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 40 : 16. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1936.4.12.28. Gunong Ijan, 4,000', Larut Hills, Perak, Malaya, 
18 April 1915. Collected by H. C. Robinson and C. B. Kloss and 
presented by the Raffles Museum, Singapore. 

major — Schoeniparus rufigularis major E. C. S. Baker, 1920 . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 41 -.11. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1920.10.27.2. Pak Mat, Camp 18, French Laos, 19 Jan. 1920. 
Collected and presented by E. J. Herbert. 

major — Synallaxis major Go\x\d, \%2i9 ..... 3 

77?^ Zoology of the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, 3, Birds : 76, pi. 22. 
Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount, bill broken). Reg. no. 1855.12. 
19.166. Maldonado, north bank of Rio La Plata, Uruguay. 
Collected by Charles Darwin and purchased of the Zoological 
Society of London. 

See the corrigenda {loc. cit)., under Anumbius acuticaudatus 
(G. R. Gray). 

makalaka — Erythropygia makalaka'^Qumdinn, \92Q .31 

J. Orn., 68 : 83. The author stated that the holotype, collected by 
Bradshaw, was in the collection but it cannot be traced either in 
the collection or in the register of Bradshaw's specimens. 

makayii — Sylvietta ruficapilla makayii C. M. N. White, 1953 . . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 73 : 69. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1910.5.6.897. Malandje, Northern Angola, 18 Feb. 1909. Col- 
lected by and purchased of W. J. Ansorge. 

malabaroides — Chihia malabaroides Hodgson, 1837 .64 

The Indian Review, 1 (1836, publ. 1837) : 325. ?Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1843.1.13.706. Nepal. Collected and presented by 
B. H. Hodgson. {cont.} 



326 malaya 

Received with his main collection, the specimen has Hodgson's 
drawing number on the label and is therefore likely to have been 
before him when the description was made. 

malaya — Cisticola jimcidis malaya Lynes, 1930 . .35 

Ibis, (12) 6, Supplement ; 92, pi. 2. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 

no. 1886.10.1.2156. Klang, Malay Peninsula, 22 June 1879. 
Collected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 

malayana — Chlorura hyperythra malavana Robinson, 1928 . 60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 48 : 72. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1905.2.1.267. Telom (Cameron Highlands), 3,500', Perak- 
Pehang Border, Malaya, 22 Jan. 1902. Collected by H. C. 
Robinson. Presented by the Royal Society and the Universities of 
Edinburgh and Liverpool. 

malayana — Digenea malayana Sharps, \SS8 . . . . .37 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1888 : 247. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.9.9.7. Larut Hills, Perak, Malaya. Collected and 
presented by L. Wray. 

malayana — Musicicapula malayana OpSyiQ-Grdini, \906 . . 37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 19 : 10. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1906.7.23.269. Gunong Tahan, 400-500', north of Pahang, 
Malaya, 12 June 1905. Collected by H. C. Robinson. Presented 
by the Selangore State Museum. 
The described male syntype is also in the collection. 

malayanus — Anthus malayanus Eyion, \%2>9 . . .19 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1839 : 104. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1881.2.18.160. Malaya (Malacca, on label). Collected by Evans. 
Eyton Collection. 

malayanus — Oriolus cruentus malayanus Robinson and Kloss, 1923 . 63 
J. Federated Malay States Museum, 1 1 : 56. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1936.4.12.143. Semangko Pass, 2,500^,000', Selangor- 
Pahang Boundary, Malaya, 26 Feb. 1908. Collected by H. C. 
Robinson and C. B. Kloss. Presented by the Raffles Museum, 
Singapore. 

malayanus — Phvllergates cucullatus malayanus Chasen, 1938 . 35 

Orn. Mber.,'46 : 7. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1948.23.2. 
Semangko Pass, 2,500-4,500', Selangor-Pahang Boundary, Malaya, 
24 Feb. 1908. Collected by F. N. Chasen. Presented by the 
Raffles Museum, Singapore. 

malayensis — Irena malayensis Moore, IS54 . . .22 

in Horsfield & Moore, Catalogue of the Birds in the Museum of the 
Honourable East India Company, 1 : 274. Syntype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1880.1.1.620. Malacca, April 1854. Collected by Dr. 
Cantor and presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 
The male syntype is also in the collection. 



mandelli 327 

malayensis — Pastor malayensis Eyton, 1 839 . . . .62 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1839 : 103. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 

no. 1881.2.18.33. Malacca. Collected by Evans. Eyton Col- 
lection (which includes the Charlton Collection). 

malayorum — Panis major malayorum Robinson and Kloss, 1918 . 42 
J. Fed. Malay St. Mas., 8 : 226. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1920.6.29.509. Sungi Kumbang, 4,500', Korinchi, West Sumatra, 
1 April 1914. Collected and presented by H. C. Robinson and 
C. B. Kloss. 

This is the authors' selected male, the selected female syntype is 
also in the collection. 

malcolmi — Tinialia malcolmi Sykes, 1832 .... . 32B 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1832 : 88. Holotype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1860.4.16.40a. Plains of the Deccan, India. 
Collected by W. H. Sykes and presented by the Honourable East 
India Company Museum. 

malcolmsmithi — Cryptolopha malcolmsmithi Robinson and Kloss, 

1919 35 

Ibis, (11) 1 : 448. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919.12.20.183. 
Langbian Peak, 6,000-7,500', South Annam, 21 April 1918. Col- 
lected and presented by C. B. Kloss. 

This is the described male. The described female syntype is also 
in the collection. 

malopensis — Spiloptila malopensis Sharpe, 1903 . . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orii. CI., 13:80. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1900.2.4.169. Malopo River, Monysui's Country, Bechuanaland, 
(13 Jan. 1881, on label). Collected by J. S. Jameson. Presented by 
Mrs Jameson. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

manaiensis — Zosterops maderaspatana menaiensis Benson, 1969 . 47 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 89 : 25. Holotype, Adult, ? male. Reg. no. 
1952.60.28. Menai Island, Cosmoledo Atoll, Western Indian 
Ocean, 1 5 Feb. 1952. Collected by D. Vesey Fitzgerald. Presented 
by J. G. Williams, Coryndon Museum, Nairobi. 

mandanus — Telephonus jamesi mandanus Neumann, 1 903 . 23 

Orn. Mher., 1 1 : 183.' Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1887.1 1. 
3.110. Manda Island, East Africa, 30 Nov. 1885. Collected and 
presented by F. J. Jackson. 

mandelli — Duineticola mandelli Brooks, 1 875 . . . .35 
Stray Feathers, 3 : 284. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1886.7.8.1909. 
Native Sikkim, April 1874. Collected by L. Mandelli. Hume 
Collection. 
The first syntype referred to in the description cannot be traced. 



328 mandelli 

mandelli — Minla mandelli Godwin-Austen, 1 876 .... 32B 
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 17 : 33. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1895.7.14.1285. Naga Hills forests, about 6,000', north-east 
Bengal. Collected by H. H. Godwin-Austen. Godwin-Austen 
Collection. 

mandelli — Montifringilla mandelli Hume, 1876 . . . .61 

Stray Feathers, A : A%%. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1887.6.1.370. 
Tibet, Sept. 1874. Collected for L. Mandelli. Hume Collection. 
The other syntype in the collection. 

mandelli — Procarduelis mandelli Hume, ]S13 .59 

Stray Feathers, 1 : 14, 318. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1887. 
6.1.207. Darjeeling, Kashmir, 1870. Collected for L. Mandelli. 
Hume Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

mandellii — Certhia mandellii Brooks, 1874 ..... 44A 
J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 42, pt. 2, 1873 (publ. May 1874) : 256. 
Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1886.11.1.1711. Sikkim (Darjeeling, 
on label). Collected by L. Mandelli. Hume Collection. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

mandellii — Cyornis mandellii Hume, \%1 A . . . . .37 
Stray Feathers, 2:510. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1886.4.1. 
4093. Native Sikkim, Oct. 1872. Collected by L. Mandelli. 
Hume Collection. 

mandellii — Reguloides mandellii Brooks, \S79 . .35 

Stray Feathers, 8 : 389. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1898.9. 
1.897. (Darjeeling, Sikkim, 25 Oct. 1879, on label). Collected by 
W. E. Brooks. Seebohm Collection. 

This specimen is no. 1 on the list on page 390 {op. cit.) and was 
labelled "type" by the author. There are several other syntypes in 
the collection. 

manengubae — Bradypterus mariae manengubae Serle, 1949 . . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 69 : 55. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1949.14.8. Manengabu Mountain, 6,500', Cameroons, 5°5' N., 
9°50' E., 19 March 1948. Collected and presented by W. Serle. 

manengubae — Poliolais lopesi manengubae Serle, 1 949 . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 69 : 74. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1949.14.11. Manenguba Mountain, 6,000', Kumba Division, 
Cameroons, 25 March 1948. Collected and presented by W. Serle. 

manimbe — Ammodramus manimbe G.^. Gv2iy, \^?i9 .49 

Zoology of the voyage of H. M.S. Beagle, 3, Birds : 90. This name 
was used by Gray in the text for the species depicted by Gould as 
Ammodramus xanthormis (q.v.). 



margaritata 329 

manipurensis — Aegithaliscus manipurensis Hume, 1888 . . .40 

Stray Feathers, \\ -.ISA. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886.11. 
1.622. (Aimole, on label), eastern hills of Manipur, 26 April 1881. 
Collected by A. O. Hume. Hume Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

manipurensis — Certhia manipurensis Humt, \%%\ . . 44A 

Stray Feathers, 10 : 151. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886. 
11.1.1691. Manipur, (Aimola, 18 April 1881, on label). Collected 
by A. O. Hume. Hume Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

manipurensis — Proparus manipurensis Ogilvie-Grant, 1 906 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 16 : 123. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1895.7. 
14.1948. Owenkulno Peak, 8,000', Manipur Hills. Collected by 
H. H. Godwin-Austen. Godwin-Austen Collection. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 

manningi — Malaconotus manningi Shelley, 1 899 . . .23 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 8 : 35. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1899.3.1.94. Nyasaland (may be presumed to be from Mambwe 
Dist., Tanganyika, between July-Sept., vide Shelley, Ibis, (7) 5 (1899) 
: 364, 370). Collected and presented by W. Manning. 

manyar — Fringilla manyar Horsfidd, \82l 61 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 160. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1880.1.1.4730. Java. Collected by T. Horsfield. Presented 
by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 
There are other syntypes in the collection. 

marchanti — Illadopsis cleaver i marchanti Serle, 1956 . . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 76 : 22. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1955.59.1. Omanelu, Rivers Province, 100', Nigeria, 5 Aug. 1953. 
Collected and presented by W. Serle. 

margaritae — Cissa margaritae Rohinson a.nd K\oss, \9\9 . . 71 

Ibis, (11)1 : 604, pi. 17. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919.12. 

20.414. Langbian Peaks, 6,000', South Annam, 21 April 1918. 

Collected by C. Boden Kloss. Presented by Robinson and Kloss. 

This is the authors' selected syntype. 

margaritae — Sporaeginthus margaritae BlundeW and Lovat, 1899 60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 10 : 20. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1 900. 1 .3.244. Gelongol, Abyssinia, 1 3 March 1 899. Collected and 
presented by Lord Lovat. 

margaritata — Myrmeciza margaritata P. L. Sclater, 1 855 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1854 (publ. 1855) : 253, pi. 71. Syntype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1889.9.20.182. Chamicuros, Peru, 1854. 
Collected for Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 
There is a female syntype in the collection. 



330 marginalis 

marginalis — Amadiua marginalis Sharpe, IS90 . . . .60 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 13:290. Syntype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1838.1.27.3. West Africa. Presented by J. 
Pulham. 

Listed as the type by Shelley, Birds of Africa, 4 (1905) : 125, but a 
second syntype is also referred to in the original description. 

marginata — Campephaga marginataVJaWdiCQ, X^bli . . .20 

Proc. zool Soc. Lomi, 1863 : 31. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1873.5.12.276. Bouru, Moluccas. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

marginata — Heterocnemis marginata V.h. S)C\a.iQr:, \%55 . 28 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1855 : 145. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1886.9.15.83. East Peru. Collected for Verreaux. Sclater Col- 
lection. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

marginata — Mirafra marginata Hawker, 1 898 .17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 1 : 55. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1898.6.13.50. Ugiagi (i.e.Ujawaji). Somaliland, 16 Dec. 1897. 
Collected and presented by R. Hawker and G. Cheetham. 

marginatum — Cinclosoma marginatum Sharpe, 1883 . 32A 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 : 336. Syntype, Adult male (in poor 
condition). Reg. no. 1856.12.24. North-west Australia (re- 
stricted to Mount Kenneth, Western Australia, 17 Aug. 1854, by 
Condon, Rec. S. Aust. Mus., 14 (1962) : 364). Collected by the 
Robert Austin Expedition. 

The second syntype is also in the collection. Sharpe, Cat. Bds. 
Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) : 336 incorrectly stated the two specimens to have 
been collected by J. R. Elsey. 

marginatus — Cinnyris marginatus Ogilvie-Grant, 1907 . . 46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 19 : 106. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1907.6.26.94. Upper Congo, 2,000', 8 Feb. 1907. Collected by 
and purchased of D. Carruthers. 

marginatus — Tropidorhynchus marginatus G. R. Gray, 1 862 . 48 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 (publ. 1862) : 429. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1873.5.12.1014. Waigiou, off New Guinea. 
Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

mariae — Nessillas mariae Benson, 1960 . . . . .35 
Ibis, 103b: 81. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1959.5.10. 
Bandamale, 500 metres, Moheli, Comoro Islands, 18 Sept. 1958. 
Collected by C. W. Benson. Presented by the B. O. U. Centenary 
Expedition. 



maritima 331 

mariae — Pomatorliinus mariae Waldcn, \S7 5 . . . . 32B 
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 15:403. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1888.4.20.724. Tonghoo Hills, Tenasserim, Burma, 
April 1874. Collected by R. G. W. Ramsay. Tweeddale Col- 
lection. 

mariae — Urolais mariae Boyd Alexander, 1903 . . . .35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 13 : 35. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.2244. Mount St. Ysabel, Fernando Po, 17 Nov. 1902. 
Collected by Boyd Alexander. Boyd Alexander Bequest. 

marila — Hydrobata marila Swiahoe, 1859 . . . .27 

J.n. China Br. roy. Asiat. Soc, 1, no. 2 : 227. Syntype, Adult 
female. Reg. no. 1939.12.9.4089. Tamsuy River, near Patsienah 
village, north Formosa, 24 June 1858. Collected by R. Swinhoe. 
RothschUd Collection. 

Another female syntype is in the American Museum of Natural 
History, vide Hartert, Novit. zool, 27 (1920) : 504. Both specimens 
were marked as types by Swinhoe. 

marinae — Myiagra caledonica marinae Salomonsen, 1934 . . 38 
J. Orn., 82 : 437. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1926.12.18. 
62. (Hog Harbour, on label), Santo Island, New Hebrides, 19 
July 1925. Collected and presented by P. A. Buxton. 

marionae — Mirafra assamica marionaeE. C. S>.B?L\itT, \9\5 . . 17 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 36 : 34. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1915. 
12.18.157. Ayuthia, central Siam, 8 July 1914. Collected by M. 
Williamson and presented by J. F. Williamson. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

mariquensis — Bradornis mariquensis Smith, IS47 . .37 

Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa, 2, Aves : p\. 113. 

Syntype, Adult (probably relaxed mount). Reg.no. 1844.10.19.27. 

South Africa. Purchased of Warwick as one of Smith's specimens. 

There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

mariquensis — Ploceus mariquensis Smith, 1845 . .61 

Illustrations of the zoology of South Africa, Aves : 013, ?Syntype, 
Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1845.7.6.13. Banks of rivers 
north of Kurrichaine. Collected by and purchased of A. Smith. 

There are other syntypes in the collection and in the Academy of 
Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. 

maritima — Agriornis maritima G. R. Gray ..... 9 

Zoology of the voyage of H. M.S. Beagle, 3, Birds, 57. New name for 
A. leucurus Gould 1839 (^.v.), pi. 13, in the same work, the name 
being altered by Gray when the text was edited and published after 
the publication of the plate. 



332 marmorata 

marmorata — Ptilotis marmorata Shavpe, \SS2 . .48 

/. Linn. Soc. Lond., 16 : 438. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1882.3.8. 
110. (collector's no. 146). Moroka District, Astrolabe Mountains, 
South-east New Guinea. Collected by A. Goldie. Purchased of 
E. Gerrard. 

Listed as the type by Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 9 (1884) : 247. 

marmoratus — Turdinus marmoratus Wardlaw-Ramsay, 1880 . . 32B 

Proc. zoo!. Soc. Lond., 1880 : 15. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.4.20.1032. Sumatra. Collected by C. Bock. Tweeddale 
Collection. 

maroantsetrae — Oxylabes zosterops maroantsetrae Salomonsen, 1934 21 
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (10) 14 : 69. Holotype, Adult male (bill 
broken). Reg. no. 1931.8.18.2048. Maroantsetra, (on coast), 
north-east Madagascar, 15 July 1930. Collected by A. L. Rand 
and Du Mont on the Archbold-Vernay Expedition to Madagascar. 

marrineri — Myiomoira macrocephala marrineri Mathews and 

Iredale, 1913 37 

Ibis, (10) 1 : 436. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1942.12.16.48. 
Auckland Island. Presented by the Lords of the Admiralty. 

marshalli — Serimis marshalU Shelley, 1902 . . . . .59 
Birds of Africa, 3 : 200. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1890. 
10.16.218. Potchefstroom, Transvaal, (20 Dec. 1885, on label). 
Collected by T. Ayres. Presented by J. H. Gurney, Jnr., being part 
of his father's African collection. 

martini — Campophaga martini Jackson, 1912 . . .20 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 31 : 18. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1912.11.20.1. Ravine, 7,500', Uganda, 23 July 1897. Collected 
and presented by F. J. Jackson. 
The male syntype is also in the collection. 

martinicensis — Thryothorus martinicensis P. L. Sclater, 1866 . . 28 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1866:321. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1 886.9. 1 5. 1 56. Martmique, West Indies. Collected for Parzudaki. 
Sclater Collection. 

mashona — Cisticola lais mashona Lynes, 1930 . . . .35 
Ibis, (12) 6, Supplement : 229. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.5.30.103. Chirinda, 3,800', Southern Melsetter District, 
Mashomaland, Rhodesia, 3 Feb. 1907. CoUected by C. F. M. 
Swynnerton. Presented by Admiral H. Lynes. 

masukuensis — Andropadus masukuetisis Shelley, \S97 . . .21 
Ibis, (7) 3 : 534. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897.11.4.199. 
Kombi, 7,000', Masuka Range, north Nyasa, July 1896. Collected 
by A. Whyte and presented by Sir H. H. Johnston. 
The two other syntypes are also in the collection. 



mayensis 333 

masukuensis — Parus masukuemis Shelley, 1900 . . . .42 
Birds of Africa, 2 : 238. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897.11. 
4.121. Masuka Range, Nyasaland, July 1896. Collected by A. 
Whyte. Presented by Sir H. H. Johnston. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

matucanensis — Buarremon matiicanensis Brabourne and Chubb, 1914 49 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 35 : 20. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1914.12.2.263. Matucana, Peru, 15 June 1914. Collected and pre- 
sented by Lord Brabourne and C. Chubb. 

mauritaDica — Cottle mauritanica Meade-Waldo, 1901 . . .18 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 12 : 27. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1904.4.12.20. Wad Moorbei, Rehamra, Morocco, 5 June 1901. 
Collected and presented by E. G. B. Meade-Waldo. 

This is the author's selected syntype. There are two other 
syntypes in the collection. 

mavornata — Aplonis mavornata BuWer, ISSS . . .62 

Birds of New Zealand {2nd edn.), 1 : 25. Holotype, Adult (re- 
laxed mount). Reg. no. Old Vel. Cat. no. 12. 192. ?Raiatea, 
Society Islands. 

Sharpe Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 135, used the spelling 
A. inornata, regarding the above name as an error. 

maxima — Hirundo puella maxima Bannerman, 1922 . . .18 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 43 : 75. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1922.11.25.31. Kumbo, 5,500', North Nigerian highlands, 28 
Sept. 1921. Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

maxima — Merula maxima Seebohm, ISSl . . . . ,31 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 5 : 405. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1888.2.20.583. Gulmerg, Kashmir, Aug. 1867. Collected by Dr. 
Jerdon. Tweeddale Collection. 

maxima— Myiolestes maxima Layard, 1816 . . . .38 

Ibis, (3) 6 : 498. Holotype, Adult male. (= female, vide Mayr, 
Amer. Mus. Novit., 628 (1933) : 16, 19). Reg. no. 1897 6.1.613. 
Kandavu, Fiji Islands. Collected for E. L. Layard. Seebohm 
Collection. 

maxweWi— Melanopteryx ma.xwelli Boyd Alexander, \903 . . 61 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 13:54. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.3664. Ribola, Fernando Po, (31 Oct. vide Ibis, (8) 3 
(1903) : 355). Collected and bequeathed by Boyd Alexander. 

mayensis — Icterus chrysater mayensis van Rossem, 1938 , . 57 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 58 : 136. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1898.12.14.193. (not 1888 as printed, op. cit.). Peto, Yucatan, 
Mexico. April 1888. Collected by G. F. Gaumer. Salvin- 
Godman Collection. 



334 mayeri 

mayeri — Astrapia mayeri Stonor, 1939 . . .70 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 59:57. Holotype, Reg. no. 1939.1.9.1. 
80-100 miles west of Mount Hagen, North-east New Guinea. 
Collected by "a native who gave them to a missionary". Presented 
by F. Shaw Meyer. 
Type consists of two central retrices only. 

mayi — Karua leucomela mayi Ashby, 1914 20 

S. Aust. Orn., 1 : 27. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1939.12.9. 
2461. Union, Pine Creek, Northern Territory, Australia, 4 Aug. 
1914. Collected by C. E. May. Rothschild Bequest. 

mhololo—Seicercus ruficapilla mbololo V. G. L. van Someren, 1939 . 35 
/. E. Afri. and Uganda nat. Hist. Soc, 14 : 91. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1948.11.10. Mount Mbololo, 5,000', Eastern 
Teita Range, Kenya, Oct. 1938. Collected by V. G. L. van Someren. 
Presented by the Coryndon Museum, Nairobi. 

mbuleunsis — Bessonornis macclounii mbuluensis C. H. B. Grant & 

Mackworth-Praed, 1936 31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 57 : 80. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1935.12.25.115. Nou Forest, 7,000', Mbulu District, Tanganyika, 
14 Jan. 1935. Collected by R. E. Moreau and presented by the 
Godman-Thomas Fund. 

mbuluensis — Zosterops virens mbuluensis W. L. Sclater and Moreau, 

1935 47 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 56 : 13. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1935.10.11.2. Oldeani Forest, 6,900', Mbulu District, Tanganyika, 
6 Sept. 1934. Collected for and purchased of R. E. Moreau. 

mcchesneyi — Aethocorys personata mcchesneyi WUHams, 1951 . 17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 11 : 157. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1956.6.6. Marsabit Plateau, 4,000', 6 miles north of Marsabit 
boma. North Frontier Province, Kenya, 22 June 1955. Collected 
and presented by J. G. Williams. 

mcclellandi — Pomatorhinus mcclellandi Godwin-Austen, 1870. . 32B 

/. Asiat. Soc. Bengal. 39, pt. 2 : 103. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1895.7.14.2315. Nenglo, Asalu, (under Burrail Hills on label). 
Khasi Hills, Assam. Collected by H. H. Godwin- Austen. 
Godwin-Austen Collection. 

There are several other syntypes in the collection. Pomatorhinus 
mclellandi; Jerdon, The Birds of India, 2 (1863) : 32 is a nomen 
nudum. 

mcclellandii — Hypsipetes mcclellandiiMcC\t\\2indi,\%^0 . . 21 

in Horsfield, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1839 (publ. 1840) : 159. 
Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4747. 
Assam. Collected by J. McClelland and presented by the Honour- 
able East India Company Museum. 



megaensis 335 

mearsi — Pomatorhinus mearsi Ogilvie-Grant, 1905 . 32B 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 15 : 39. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no 
1909.4.7.41. Taungdwin Chaung, Upper Chindwin, Burma, 22 
AprU 1904. Collected by and purchased of A. Mears. 
The female syntype is in the collection. 

media — Fringillaria media Sharpe, 1904 49 

Ibis, (8) 4 : 354. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1901 9 5 50 
Deelfontein, Cape Colony, 8 Jan. 1901. Collected by C H E 
Seimund. Presented by A. T. Sloggett. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

media — Urobrachya media Sharpe, 1902 51 

Ibis, (8) 2 : 118. Syntype, Immature male. Reg. no. 1901 10 20 
48. West Ankole, 3,200', Uganda, July 1900. Collected and pre- 
sented by H. Johnston. 
The second syntype is in the collection. 

media — Zoster ops auriventer media Robinson and Kloss, 1923 . 47 
Ibis, (1 1) 5 : 152. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1927 4 18 966 
(Bukar, on label), 1,000', Gunong Sidong, Samarahan, South-west 
Sarawak, Borneo, 28 Oct. 1919. Collected by Ulck for R C 
Robinson. Presented by R. C. Robinson. 
Labelled as the type by the authors. 

mediocris — Cinnyris mediocrisShtWty, \%'i5. . . 45 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond, 1885 : 228. Holotype, Adult male. Reg 
no. 1885.6.14.38. Kilimanjaro, 12,000', Tanganyika. CoUected 
by H. H. Johnston. Presented by the British Association, from 
the Kilimanjaro Expedition as the type. 

medius—/i/7r/2w.sme(^/Mj' Wallace, 1863 ... 19 

Proc zool. Soc. Lond., 1863 : 488. Syntype, Adult (female on 
abel). Reg. no. 1873.5.12.750. East Timor, 1861. Collected 
by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

medius — Piezorhynchus medius Sharpe, ISS4 ... 38 

Report on the Zoological Collections of H. M.S. Alert -14 Holo- 
type, Adult male. Reg. no. 1882.2.18.59. Australia (Port Molle 
Queensland, 9 May 1881, vide Gould, Birds of New Guinea, 2 
(1888) :pl. 50). Collected by Dr. R. W. Coppinger. Presented 
by the Lords of the Admiralty. 

megaensis— Calandrella somalica megaensis Benson, 1946 17 

BulL Br. Orn. CI., 67 : 26. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no 
1946.5. 11. 10 miles north of Mega, south Abyssinia, 5 Sept. 1941 
Collected and presented by C. W. Benson. 

megaensis— ///rM/7^0 megaensis Benson, 1942 18 

?n"i{:- /,';.?'■"• ^'■' ^^■^^- Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
nc-^'^.'t?; '^ """^^^ "^'■^h °^ ^^ega, 4,000', south Abyssinia, 
10 Sept. 1941. Collected and presented by C. W. Benson 



336 magaensis 

magaensis — Psendalaemon fremantlii megaensis Benson, 1946 . 17 

Bull. Br. Om. CI., 67 : 25. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1946.5.10. 15 miles north of Mega, south Abyssinia, 12 Oct. 1941. 
Collected and presented by C. W. Benson. 

megalolophus — Trochocercus megalolophus Swynnerton, 1 907 . 38 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 19 : 109. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1910.7.1.362. Jihu District, 2,000', Gazaland, (12 August 1906, 
on label). Collected by and purchased of C. F. M. Swynnerton. 

Labelled as the type by the author, but three other syntypes were 
available and are in the collection. 

megalornis — Dkrurus megalornis G. R. Gray, \%5S .64 

Proc. zool. Soc. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 179. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1873.5.12.1952. Ke Island, off New Guinea, 1857. Collected 
by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

megarhyncba — Peucaea megarhyncha SaXvin and Godiman, \%%9 . 49 
Ibis, (6) 1 :238. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1899.2.1. 
3227a. Santa Ana, Sonora, Mexico, 18 April 1888. Collected by 
W. Lloyd. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

megarhynchus — Ploceus megarhynchus Hume, 1 869 . . .61 
Ibis, (2) 5 : 356. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1887.1.1.1660. 
Kaladoongi, (below Nynee Tal, vide Hume, Stray Feathers, 6 (1878) : 
400), India, Dec. 1866. Collected by A. O. Hume. Hume Col- 
lection. 
The other syntype is in the collection. 

megarhynchus — Ptilotis megarhynchus G. R. Gray, \S5S . . 48 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 174. Holotype, Immature (male, 
vide Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 9 (1884) : 248). Reg. no. 1873.5. 
12.963. Aru Islands, New Guinea, 1857. Collected by A. R. 
Wallace. Wallace Collection. 
This is the only specimen from the type locality. 

meinertzbageni — Anthus spinoletta meinertzhageni Bird, 1935 . 19 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 56 : 55. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1947.15.1. Lochboisdale, South Uist, Outer Hebrides, 5 April 
1935. Collected and presented by E. G. Bird. 

meinertzhageni — Certhia familiaris meintzhageni Clancey, 1942 . 44A 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 63 : 42. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1965. M.49. Caragh Lake, Co. Kerry, south-western Ireland, 6 
Jan. 1935. Collected by R. Meinertzhagen. Meinertzhagen Col- 
lection. 

meinertzhageni — Certhilauda albofasciata meinertzhageni Macdonald, 

1953 17 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1953 : 1000. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1965. M. 24. Pofadder, Cape Province, South Africa, 7 May 
1949. Collected by R. Meinertzhagen. Meinertzhagen Col- 
lection. 



melanocephala 337 

meinertzhageni — Troglodytes troglodytes meinertzhageni Clancey, 

1942 28 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 62 : 68. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1965. M. 21. Ushant, Finistere, France, 26 Sept. 1933. Collected 
by R. Meinertzhagen. Meinertzhagen Collection. 

melaena — Mw/i/a me/ae/?a P. L. Sclater, 1880 . . . .60 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1880 : 66, pi. 7. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 

no. 1881.3.29.38. Kabahadai, New Britain, February 1879. 
Collected by the Rev. G. Brown. Purchased of E. Gerrard. 

melaena — Myrmotherula melaena P. L. Sclater, 1 857 ... 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lojid., 1857 : 130. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.9.20.285. Bogota, Colombia. Collected for Verreaux. 
Sclater Collection. 
The other syntype is in the collection. 

melampyra — Tchitrea melampyra Yerreaux, 12,51 . . .38 

in Hartlaub, System der Ornithologie Westafrikd's. : 90. A 
specimen (no. 1875.4.9.48.) was regarded as the type by Sharpe, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 (1879) : 357, and by Grant and Mackworth- 
Praed, Bull Brit. Orn. CI., 11 (1957) : 64, but has been shown to 
have the wrong measurements. It was received with Sharpe's 
Collection and is labelled "Gaboon, Verreaux". Another specimen 
(no. 1875.4.9.359) is labelled "Gaboon, Walker" and "Sharpe's 
Cat. Bds. Afr. 420a". It conforms with the measurements and 
description. We suspect that the labels were inadvertently changed, 
but this cannot be proven. 

melanocephala— ^A7//zor/7/5 me/fl«oce7j//a/a G. R. Gray, 1843 . 48 

in Dieffenbach's Travels in New Zealand, 2 : 188. Holotype, Adult 
male (relaxed mount). Chatham Island, New Zealand. Collected 
by DieflFenbach. Presented by the New Zealand Company. 

melanocephala — Cisticola melanocephala Anderson, ISl I . . 35 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1871 : 212. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1876.4.7.82. Sonda Valley, 1,700', Yunnan, China, July 1868. 
Collected by and purchased of Jf. Anderson. 

Two specimens are referred to by the author in Anatomical and 
Zoological researches . . . Western Yunnan in 1868-1875,2 {Xil^) : 
641. 

melanocephala — Guiraca melanocephala Swainson, 1827 . 50 

Philosophical Magazine (n.s.) 1827 : 438. A specimen purchased 
from the Zoological Society Museum was listed as the type by 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 65. The type is, however, 
at Cambridge, vide van Rossem, Auk, 49 (1932) : 489. 

melanocephala — Lonchur a melanocephala McCXtWandi, \ZAQ . . 60 
in Horsfield, Proc. Zool. Soc. Lond., 1839 (Publ. 1840) : 163. 
Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4691. 



338 melanocephala 

Assam. Collected by J. McClelland. Presented by the Honour- 
able East India Company Museum. 

Although labelled "Amadina sinensis" this is clearly the 
McClelland specimen listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. 
Mus., 13 (1890) : 336. 

melanocephala— Mo/oc/7/(3 melanocephala Lichtenstein, 1823 . 19 

Verz. Doubl. Mus. Berlin, 1823 : 36. A specimen in the collection 
was listed as type of Budytes melanocephalus of Sykes (Proc. zool. 
Soc. Lond., 1832 : 90) by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 (1885) : 
531 but Lichtenstein's description has priority. 

melanocephala — Muscicapa melanocephala Latheim, 1801 . . 36 
Index Ornithologicus, Suppl. : lii. ?Holotype, Water-colour draw- 
ing. New South Wales. No. 187 in Watling, Original water- 
colour drawings ... . Library of the Zoology Department, 
British Museum (Natural History). Vide Sharpe, Hist. Coll. Brit. 
Mus., 2 (1906) : 141. 

Vol. 3, no. 38 in Lambert drawings, in library at Knowsley, 
Lancashire (see introduction to this catalogue vol. 2). See also 
Mathews, Birds of Australia, 10 (1922) : 116. 

melanocephalus — Buarremon melanocephalus Salvin and Godman, 

1880 49 

Ibis, (4) 4 : 121. Holotype, Immature male. Reg. no. 1885.6.8. 
126. San Sebastian, Sierra Nevada of Santa Marta, Colombia, 
27 July 1879. Collected by F. A. A. Simons. Salvin-Godman 
Collection. 

melanocephalus — Lanius collurioides melanocephalus Delacour, 1926 23 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 47 : 13. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1926. 
9.8.10. Dalat, south Annam, 13 Oct. 1925. Collected by J. 
Delacour on the Second Franco-British Expedition to French Indo- 
china. 

This is the author's selected male. His selected female syntype 
is also in the collection. (See also appendix. Corrections and 
Additions, vol. 2.) 

melanocephalus — Melithreptus melanocephalus Gould, IS45 . 48 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1845 : 62. Although described as a new 
species this provides a new name for Meliphaga atricapilla Jardine 
and Selby, 1833 (q.v.). 

melanocephalus — Zosterops (Speirops) melanocephalus G. R. Gray, 

1862 47 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (3) 10 : 444. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1862.12.1.12. Cameroons, 7,000', West Africa. Collected by 
Capt. Burton. Presented by Mrs Burton. 

melanochrous — Thamnophilus melanochrous P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 

1876 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1876 : 18, pi. 3. Syntype, Adult male. 



melanocrissus 339 

Reg. no. 1889.9.20.45. Huiro, 4,800', Urubamba Valley, south 
Peru, 29 June 1874. Collected by H. Whitely. Sclater Collection. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

melanocrissus — Cecropsis melanocrissus Riippell, 1845 . . .18 
Systematische Uebersicht der Vogel nord-ost Afrika's : 17, pi. 5. 
Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1845.6.2.10. Shoa, Abyssinia. Col- 
lected by and purchased of E. Riippell. 

The other syntypes were in the Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt- 
am-Main. 

melanogaster — Nectarinia melanogaster Fischer and Reichenow, 

1884 46 

J. Orn., 1884 : 181. (?)Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1895.9.9. 
10. Nguruman, Natron La Ke, Massailand, Tanganyika. Col- 
lected by G. A. Fischer. Shelley Collection. 

This specimen was labelled by Shelley as the type and corresponds 
in its measurements with the original description. Shelley, Birds of 
Africa, 2 (1900) : 25, refers to the discovery of the type by Fischer 
and his illustration (pi. 1, fig. 2, op. cit.) appears to be of this 
specimen, but there is no evidence concerning the way in which it 
came into his possession. 

melanogaster — Ploceus melanogaster Shelley, 1 887 . . .61 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1887 : 126, pi, 14. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1887.3.7.34. Cameroons, 8,000', Sept. 1886. Collected 
by H. H. Johnston. 

melanogaster — Thryothorus melanogaster Sharpe, 1881 . .28 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 6 : 230. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1885.3.6.336. Bugaba, Chiriqui, Veragua, 1869. Collected by E. 
Arce. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 

melanogenys — Poecilothraupis melanogenys Salvin and Godman, 

1880 51 

Ibis, (9) 4 : 120, pi. 3. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1885.6.7.30. 
Near San Sebastian, 8,000', Sierra Nevada of Santa Marta, Colom- 
bia, 22 June 1878. Collected by F. A. A. Simons. Salvin-Godman 
Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

melanolaema — Hypocnemis melanolaemaF.h. Sdater, IS55 . . 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1854 (publ. 1855) : 254, pi. 72. Syntype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1889.9.20.525. Chamicuros, Peru, 1854. 
Collected for Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 

melanolaema — Pipreola melanolaema P. L. Sclater, \S56 7 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (2) 17 : 469. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.13.1614. Caracas, Venezuela, 1853. (Collected by 
Parzudaki; on label). Sclater Collection. (cont.) 



340 melanolaemus 

Hellmayr, Catalogue of birds of the Americas, 6 (1929) : 1 13, states 
that the type is in Paris, but Sclater referred to specimens in various 
museums and all would appear to be syntypes. 

melanolaemus — Buarremon melanolaemus P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 

1879 49 

Ibis, (4) 3 : 425, pi. 10. Holotype, (Not quite adult \ide Sclater, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 11 (1886) : 263). Reg. no. 1885.6.8.140. 
Khachupata, 11,000', Andes of Cuzco, south Peru, 4 April 1873. 
Collected by H. Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

melanoleuca — Rlwdophila melanoleuca Jerdon, IS63 .31 

The Birds of India, 2 : 128. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1864. 
10.27.1. Purneah, Ganges River, Upper India. Collected and 
presented by Dr. T. C. Jerdon. 

There is also a female syntype in the collection. This species 
was renamed Oreicola jerdoni by Blyth, Ibis, (2) 3 (1867) : 14, on the 
grounds of preoccupation by O. melanoleuca Bonaparte, 1854. 

melanoleucos — Microtarsus melanoleucos Eyton, 1839 . . .21 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1839 : 102. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1881.2.18.101. Malacca. Collected by Evans, who sent it to his 
brother. Eyton Collection; purchased of E. Garrard. 

melanolora — Campephaga melanolora G. R. Gray, 1860 . . 20 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 353. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1860.2.4.44. Batchian, Moluccas. Collected by A. R. 
Wallace and purchased of S. Stevens. 
There are four other syntypes in the collection. 

melanonotus — Sarcops melanonotus Ogilvie-Grant, 1906 . 62 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 16 : 100. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1905.11.26.7. Davao, south-east Mindanao, Phillipines, March 
1905. Collected by W. Goodfellow. Purchased of E. Gerrard. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

melanonotus — Thamnophilus melanonotus F. L. Sclater, 1855 . 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1855 : 19, pi. 80. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1889.9.20.121. Santa Marta, Colombia, 1854. Collected 
for Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 

melanopezus — Anabates melanopezus V. h. Sclater, \%5S . . 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858:61. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.5.20.338. Rio Napo, Ecuador. Obtained by Verreaux. 
Sclater Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 93. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

melanophrys — Turdus melanophyrs Latharr\, l^Ol . . .48 

Index Ornithologicus, Suppl. : xlii. ?Holotype, Signed water- 
colour drawing. New South Wales. No. 149 in Watling, Original 
water-colour drawings. . . . Library of the Zoology Department, 



melanops 341 

British Museum (Natural History). Vide Sharpe, Hist. Coll. Brit. 
Mils., 2 (1906) : 136. 

Vol. 2, no. 48 in Lambert drawings, in library at Knowsley, Lan- 
cashire, (see introduction to this catalogue vol. 2). See also 
Mathews, Birds of Australia, 12 (1925) : 32. 

melanopleura — Merula melanopleura Sharpe, 1 900 . . .31 

in Seebohm, Monograph of the Turdidae, 2, pt. 9 : 87, pi. 103. 
HoLOTYPE, Adult male. Reg. no. 1896.6.1.613. Trinidad. 
Seebohm Bequest. 

melanopogon — Hypocnemis melanopogon P. L. Sclater, 1857 . . 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1857 : 130. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.9.20.537. Guiana {vide Sclater, Catalogue of American 
Birds, 1862:188 and Hellmayr, Novit. Zool, 14 (1907) : 381). 
Collected by Parzudaki. Sclater Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

melanops — Artamus melanops Gould, 1 865 . . . .67 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1865 : 198. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1881.5.1.4282. St. A'Beckett's Pool, Central Australia, Lat 28°30' 
(= St. A'Beckett's Pond, 30°10' S., 138°20' E., near Etadunna, vide 
Whittell. Literature of Australian birds (1954) : 758), 23 Aug. 1863. 
Collected by S. White. Gould Collection. 

melanops — Buarremon melanops P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1 876 . 49 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1876:253. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.6.8.141. Simacu, Bolivia, 1875. Collected by C. Buckley. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

melanops — Certhia melanops 'Li^hdim, \%0\ . . . .48 

Index Ornithologicus, Suppl. : xxxvi. ?Syntypes, Signed water- 
colour drawings. New South Wales. Nos. 99, 100, 101 in Watling, 
Original water-colour drawings. . . . Library of the Zoology 
Department, British Museum (Natural History). Vide Sharpe, 
Hist. Coll. Brit. Mus., 2 (1906) : 127. 

Vol. 2, nos. 59, 61 in Lambert drawings, in Library at Knowsley, 
Lancashire (see introduction to this catalogue vol. 2). See also 
Mathews, Birds of Australia, 11 (1924) : 350. 

melanops — Myiadestes melanops SdiWm, \^65 .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1864 (publ. 1865) : 580, pi. 35. Syntype, 
Adult. Reg. no. 1885.3.2.514. Tucurrique, Costa Rica, 1864. 
Collected by E. Arce. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

Listed as type by Hellmayr, Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 
7(1934) :443. 

melanops — Zosterops melanops G. R. Gxd.y, \%59 .47 

Catalogue of birds of the tropical islands of the Pacific Ocean, : 15. 
Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1854.5.31.12. Loyalty Islands. Pre- 
sented by Sir George Grey. 



342 melanoptera 

melanoptera — Alseonax melanoptera iackson, 1906 .37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 16 : 89. Holotype, Adult male (female, on 
label). Reg. no. 1906.6.3.7. Toro, Uganda, 19 March 1902. 
Collected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

melanoptera — Monarcha melanoptera G. R. Gray, 1858 . . 38 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 178. Holotype, Adult male (re- 
laxed mount). Reg. no. 1858.10.11.11. Louisade Archipelago 
(Round Island, vide British Museum Register). Collected and 
presented by J. MacGillivray, from the voyage of H. M.S. Rattlesnake. 

melanoptera — Prionops melanoptera Sharpe, 1901 . .23 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 11 : 46. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1898.12.11.56. Fer-Libah, Somaliland, 20 Oct. 1896. Collected 
by A. E. Atkinson and presented by Lord Delamere. 
The male syntype is also in the collection. 

melanoptera — Strepera melanoptera Gould, 1846 . .68 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1846 : 20. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1875.11.8.4. South Australia (18 June 1839; on label). Collected 
by J. Gould. Gould Collection. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 3 (1877) : 61. A 
female specimen in the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 
was listed as the type by Stone and Mathews, Austral. Avian Record 
1 (1913) : 180, but not included by De Schauensee, Proc. Acad. nat. 
Sci. Philad., 109 (1957) : 123-246. 

melanopygius — Lanio melanopygius Salvin and Godman, 1883 . 51 

Biol. Centr.-Amer., Aves., 1 (Dec. 1883) : 305. Syntype Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1885.6.7.519. Bugaba, Panama. Collected by E. 
Arce. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

Salvin and Godman used a Ridgway MS. name, Ridgway pub- 
lishing his description in April 1884. The female and immature 
syntypes from the type locality are in the collection. 

melanorhyncha — Lusciniola melanorhyncha Kickett,lS9S . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 8 : 10. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1900.3.10.13. Kuatun, north-west Fohkien, China, 4 May 1897. 
Collected and presented by C. B. Rickett. 

melanorhynchus — Drymoica melanorhynchus Jardine and Eraser, 1 852 35 
in Jardine, Contributions to Ornithology : 60. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1886.6.24.218. Abomey, West Africa. Collected by 
L. Eraser. Jardine Collection. 

The tail is incomplete. This specimen is labelled as the authors' 
specimen but there are other syntypes in the collection. 

melanosticta — Hypocnemis melanostictaV.\..^c\aitr,\%55 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1854 (publ. 1855) : 254, pi. 73. Syntype, 
Immature male {vide Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 289). 



melanotis 343 

Reg. no. 1889.9.20.523. Chamicuros, Peru. Collected for 
Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 
There is a female syntype in the collection. 

melanosticta — Pithys melanosticta P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1880 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1880 : 160. Holotype, Adult (female, \ide 
Hellmayr, Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 3 (1924) : 304). 
Reg. no. 1889.7.10.747. Sarayacu, Ecuador. Collected by C. 
Buckley. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

melanostoma — Harporhynchus melanostoma Salvia, ISS5 29 

Ibis, (5) 3 : 187. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1885.3.2.624. 
Cozumel Island, off Yucatan, April 1884. Collected by E. C. J. 
Devis. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

melanothorax — Thartinophilus melanothorax P. L. Sclater, 1857 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1857 : 133. Holotype, Adult (female, vide 
Hellmayr, Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 3 (1924) : 59). Reg. 
no. 1846.7.16.177. South America. Presented by Edward Wilson. 

melanotis— Calliste melanotis P. L. Sclater, 1876 . .51 

Ibis, (3) 6 : 408, pi. 12. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1885.6.12.375. 
Napo River, western Ecuador. Collected for Verreaux, Sclater 
Collection. 

Renamed Tangara lutleyi Hellmayr, Verh. Orn. Ges. Bayern., 13 
(1917) : 198, on the grounds of preoccupation by Agelaia melanotis 
Swainson, 1837. 

melanotis — Campephaga melanotis G. R. Gray, IS60 . .20 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 353. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1873.5.12.300. Gilolo, 1858. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 

melanotis — Chlorospingus melanotis P. L. Sclater, IS55 . . 51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1854 (publ. 1855) : 157, pi. 68. Syntype, 
Adult. Reg. no. 1844.12.29.19. Bogota, Colombia. Purchased 
of Warwick. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

melanotis — Garrula.x melanotis Blyth, 1843 . . 32B 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal. 12 : 949. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4662. Arrakan, Burma. Collected by Capt. 
Phayre and presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum, who received it from the Asiatic Society of Bengal. 

melanotis — Granatellus venustus melanotis van Rossem, \940 . . 54 
Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash., 53 : 14. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1892.4.20.1589. Tepic, Mexico. 1 May 1889. Collected by 
W. B. Richardson. Salvin-Godman Collection. 



344 melanotis 

melanotis — Orpheus melanotis Gould, IS37 . . . . .29 
Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1837 : 27. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1855.12.19.228 (allocated later). Galapagos Islands. 
Collected by C. Darwin of H.M.S. Beagle. 
Darwin of H.M.S. Beagle. 

See Swarth, Occ. Papers California Acad. Sci., 18 (1931) : 119 for 
a note on this specimen. The second syntype is in the collection. 

melanotis — Pteruthius melanotis Hodgson, 1847 . . . 32B 

in Blyth, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 16 : 448. Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. 
Mus., 8 (1883) : 118, claimed that the types were in the Brit. Mus. 
collection, received from the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. These specimens were not in the possession of the latter 
museum until 1853, however, and it is therefore unlikely that they 
are the syntypes {contra Diegnan, in Peters, Checklist of Birds of the 
World, 10 (1964) : 338). 

melanotis — Ptilonorhynchus melanotis G. R. Gray, IS5S . . 69 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 181. Holotype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1858.3.10.47. Aru Island. Collected by A. R. 
Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

melanoxantha — Phainoptila melanoxantha SaXvin, 1817 . . 25 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1877 : 367. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.3.20.13. Costa Rica (San Francisco, Costa Rica, on label), 
Feb. 1877. Collected by H. Rogers. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

melanozantha — Pachyglossa melanozantha Blyth, 1843 . . .45 
J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 12 : 1010. Holotype, Adult (female, vide 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 (1885) : 72), (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1845.1.9.285. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. 
Hodgson. 

Blyth used a Hodgson MS. name. Sclater, Ibis, (3) 4 (1874),: 3 
stated that Hodgson had loaned the specimen to Blyth and that it 
had subsequently come to the British Museum and had been 
mounted. 

melanozanthos — Coccothraustes melanozanthos Hodgson, \%7>6 . 59 
Asiat. Res., 19 : 150. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1845.1.9. 
297. Nepal, northern region. Collected by and purchased of 
B. H. Hodgson. 

This specimen has an original label bearing the no. 326 (the 
plate number). There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

melanthes — Lanius melanthes Swinhoe, 1867 . . . .23 

Ibis, (2) 3:405. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1898.10.1.11. 50 
miles north-west of Amoy, Feb. 1867. Collected by R. Swinhoe. 
Seebohm Collection. 

melanura — Cinclosoma melanura Hodgson, 1836 .... 32B 
Asiat. Res., 19 : 147. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 
1843.1.13.562. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 



melaschistos 345 

melanura — Enicornis melanura G. R. Gray and Mitchell, 1846 . 3 
The Genera of Birds, 1 : 133, pi. 41. Holotype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1845.11.8.64. No locality (Chile, vide Sclater, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 27). Purchased of Cuming. 

melanura — Euphonia melanura V.h.^c\aX.QV,\%5\ . . .51 

in Jardine, Contributions to Ornithology : 86. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1885.6.12.152. Barra do Rio Negro (= Manaos), Brazil. 
Collected by A. R. Wallace. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sclater, Catalogue of a collection of American 
birds {IS62) : 59. 

melanura — Hypocnemis melanura P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1866 . 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1866 : 186. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.9.20.530. Cashaboya, Ucayali River, east Peru, 10 Aug. 
1865. Collected by E. Bartlett. Sclater Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

melanura — Myiagra melanura G. R. Gray, 1859 .... 37A 
Catalogue of the birds of the tropical islands of the Pacific Ocean : 18. 
Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1859.6.14.9. Erromango, New 
Hebrides. Collected by J. Macgillivray. Purchased of Stevens. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 (1879) : 380. 
The female syntype from Aneiteum is also in the Collection. 

melanura — Rhipidura melanura 3. E. Gray, \S43 . . .38 

in, Dieffenbach, Travels in New Zealand, 2 : 190. Specimens col- 
lected by Capt. Stokes of H.M.S. Acheron and listed as types by 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 (1879) : 316, were probably collected 
later than the date of the description. 

melanurus — Thamnophilus melanurus P. h. Sclater, IS55 . 4 

Edinb. New philos. J., (n.s.) 1 : 233. Syntype, First year male 
(vide Hellmayr, Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 3 (1924) : 50). 
Reg. no. 1855.11.5.17. UcayaU River, Peru. Collected by J. 
Hauxwell and purchased of J. Gould. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890 : 186. 
Sclater used Gould's MS. name. 

melas — Oryzoborus melas P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1 868 . . 59 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1867 (publ. 1868) : 978. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1885.2.10.722. Pebas, Upper Amazons, Peru, 
(2 AprU 1867, on label). Collected by J. Hauxwell. Sclater 
Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 80. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

melaschistos — Volvocivora melaschistos Wodg%ox\, \^2)1 . . . 20 
Indian Rev., 1 1836 (publ. 1837) : 328. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1843.1.13.729. Nepal. Collected and presented by 
B. H. Hodgson. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 



346 melindae 

melindae — Anthus melindae Shelley, 1900 . . .19 

The Birds of Africa, 2 : 305. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1895. 
5.1.2106. Melinda, 3°30' S., East Africa. Collected by Sir John 
Kirk. Shelley Collection. 

mellivora — Certhia mellivora Latham, ISOl . . . .48 

Index Ornithologicus, SuppL: xxxvii. No. 104 in Watling, Original 
water-colour drawings .... Library of the Zoology Depart- 
ment, British Museum (Natural History). This name is a synonym 
of Merops chrysoptenis Latham, 1801, which is based on the earlier 
Watling drawings nos. 89 and 90. 

Vol. 2, no. 76 in Lambert drawings, in Library at Knowsley, 
Lancashire, (see introduction to this catalogue vol. 2). 

melophilus — Erithacus rubecula melophilus Hartert, 1901 . . 31 

Novit. ZooL, 8:317. Syntype, Aduh. Reg. no. 1936.10.15.8. 
England, 14 Dec. 1896 (Barnet, on label). Collected by W. Burton 
and presented by the American Museum of Natural History, New 
York, from the Rothschild Collection, as the type. 

menachensis — Poliospiza menachensis Ogilvie-Grant, 1913 59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 31 : 90. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1913.7.18.11. Menacha, 7,000', Yemen, 31 Jan. 1913. Collected 
by and purchased of G. W. Bury. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

menachensis — Turdus menachensis OgAvv^-Grani, \9\2) . . 31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 31 : 86. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1913. 
7.18.1. Menacha, Yemen mountains, south Arabia, 28 Dec. 1912. 
Collected by and purchased of G. W. Bury. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

mendozae — Pseudochloris mendozae Sharpe, 1 888 . . .59 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 : 778. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1885.2.10.754. Mendoza, Argentina. Collected by Burmeister. 
Sclater Collection. 

meneliki — Or/o/w^ /He«e//A:/ Blundell and Lovat, 1899 . .63 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 10 : 19. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1900.1.3. 
121. Burka, south Abyssinia, 6 Jan. 1899. Collected and pre- 
sented by H. W. Blundell and Lord Lovat. 

mennelli — Poliospiza mennelli Chubb, 1908 . . . .59 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 21 : 62. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1908.11.6.1. Tjoko's Kraal, Shangani River, Rhodesia, 8 Nov. 
1907. Collected by E. C. Chubb. Presented by the Rhodesian 
Museum, Bulawayo. 

mentalis — Catharus mentalis P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1876 . 31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1876 : 352. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.3.2.35. Suape, near Tilotilo, Yungas Province, Bolivia, 1876. 
Collected by C. Buckley. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 



meridae 347 

mentalis — Drymoica mentalis Fraser, IS43 . . . . .35 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1843 : 16. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1847.1.18.29. Accra, West Africa. Collected by and purchased of 
L. Fraser. 

mentalis — Graucalus mentalis Yigors & Horsfield, IS27 . . 20 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15 : 217. Holotype (Adult, probably male, 
by plumage, vide I. C. J. Galbraith MS. note; Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. 
Mus., 6 (1879) : 38, and others, listed it as a juvenile). Reg. no. 
1863.7.7.20. "South Coast of Australia, 1803" (error, 1802, vide 
Brown's MS.). Collected by R. Brown and presented by the 
Linnean Society. 

Brown's main collecting localities on the south coast were at the 
head of Spencer's Gulf, South Australia, and Port Phillip Bay, 
Victoria. As the species to which this specimen belongs {i.e. 
Coracina papuensis) occurs only marginally in South Australia, it is 
more likely that the holotype came from Port Phillip Bay. 

mentalis — Pachycephala mentalis Wallace, IS63 . . .39 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863 : 30. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1873.5.12.513. Batchian Island, south-west Pacific, 1858. Col- 
lected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

Two males are listed as types by Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
8(1883) : 190. 

mentalis — Pipra mentalis P. L. Sclater, IS56 .... 8 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1856 : 299, pi. 121. Syntype, Adult male 
(relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1857.7.30.6. Cordova, Vera Cruz, 
South Mexico. Collected by and purchased of A. Salle. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

mentalis — Rhodospingus mentalis Sharps, ISSS . .49 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 : 809, pi. 15. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg.no. 1885.12.14.715. Puna Island, Gulf of Guayaquil, Ecuador. 
Collected by Villagomez for C. Buckley. Salvin-Godman Col- 
lection. 

mentalis — Sigmodius mentalis Sharps, 1884 . . . . .23 

J. Linn. Soc. Lond., 17 : 425. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1884.5.1. 
22. Sassa, Belgian Congo, Oct.. Collected by and purchased of 
F. Bohndorff. 

mentawi — Oriolus xanthonotus mentawi Chasen and Kloss, 1926 . 63 
Ihis, (12) 2 : 295. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1947.60.31. 
Siberut Island, west Sumatra, 13 Sept. 1924. Collected by C. B. 
Kloss. Presented by the Raffles Museum, Singapore. 

mtr\Azc--Buarremon meridae P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1870 49 

Proc. zool. Soc, Lond., 1870 : 785. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.6.12.934. Merida, Venezuela, July 1869. Collected by 
A. Goering. Sclater Collection. 



348 meridana 

meridana — Cvanocitta armillata var. meridana P. L. Sclater and 

Salvia, 1876 71 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1876 : 271. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1886.9.15.406. Andes of Merida, Venezuela, (1 May 1869, on 
label). Collected by A. Goering. Sclater Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

meridanus — Basileuterus meridanus ^hdiXpt, \^%5 . .54 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 : 387. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1885.3.8.670. Merida, Venezuela, July 1869. Collected by A. 
Goering. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

meridionale — Trochalopterum meridionale Blanford, 1880 . 32B 

/. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 49, pt. 2 : 142. Syntype, Adult male, 
Reg. no. 1880.8.19.10. Travancore - Tinnevelly boundary, 4,400', 
south India, 3 April 1880. Collected by and purchased of F. W. 
Bourdillon. 
The two other syntypes are also in the collection. 

meridionalis — Certhia discolor meridonalis Robinson and Kloss, 1919 44A 
Ibis, (11) 1 : 609, pi. 16. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919.12. 
20.436. Langbian Peaks, 6-7,000', South Annam, 8 April 1918 
(apparently a misprint, the correct date is 18 April). Collected and 
presented by C. B. Kloss. 

The female syntype is also in the collection. 

meridionalis — Culicicapa ceylonensis meridionalis E. C. S. Baker, 1923 37A 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 44 : 12. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1916.12.27.928. Keo, Tung Song, Siam, 22 Sept. 1915. Collected 
by C. Chunggat for E. G. Herbert. Presented by E. G. Herbert. 

meridionalis — Dicrurus leucogenys meridionalis Hachisuka, 1926 . 64 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 47 : 56. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1909.8.30.36. Seven Finger Range, Central Hainan, 16 Nov. 1906. 
Collected and presented by R. Douglas. 

meridionalis — Garrulax pect oralis meridionalis Robinson & Kloss, 

1919 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 40 : 11. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1936.4.12.38. Hat Sanuk, near Koh Lak, south-west Siam, 19 
April 1919. Collected by H. C. Robinson & C. B. Kloss and 
presented by the Raffles Museum, Singapore. 

meridionalis — Loxia curvirostra meridionalis Robinson and Kloss, 

1919 59 

Ibis, (11) 1 : 618. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919.12.20.492. 
Dalat, 5,000', South Annam, 7 May 1918. Collected and presented 
by C. B. Kloss. 

This is the authors' selected male syntype. The female syntype 
is also in the collection. 



mesoleucus 349 

meridionalis — Parus meridionalis P. L. Sclater, IS57 . . .42 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1856 (publ. 1857) : 293. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1857.7.30.24. (Collector's no. 167). El. Jacale, 
Vera Cruz, south Mexico, May 1855. Collected by and purchased 
of A. Salle. (See also appendix, Corrections and Additions, vol. 2.) 

meridionalis — Rectes meridionalis Sharpe, 18SS . . . .39 

Ibis, (5) 6:437. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1880.9.13.43. 
Astralobe Mountains, south-east New Guinea. Collected by C. 
Hunstein. Purchased of E. Gerrard. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

meridionalis — Sturnella meridionalis P. L. Sclater, 1861 . .57 

Ibis, (1) 3 : 179. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1885.7.12.210. 
Bogota, Colombia. Collected for Bell. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as the type by Hellmayr and Conover, Catalogue of birds 
of the Americas, 10 (1927) : 215. 

merrotsyi — Amvtornis merrotsyi Mellor, 1913 . . . .36 

Emu, 12 : 166. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1939.12.9.172. 
6 miles east of Yudanamutam, north-east of Lake Torrens, South 
Australia, 1 Sept. 1912. Collected by A. L. Merrotsy. Rothschild 
Bequest, obtained by him from G. M. Mathews who stated {vide. 
Birds of Australia, 10 (1923) : 198) that it was a syntype. 
This specimen is the described female. 

meruensis — Zosterops virens meruensis W. L. Sclater and Moreau, 

1935 47 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 56 : 14. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1935.10.11.6. Nguru Norak Forest, 6,000', Mount Meru, Tan- 
ganyika, 26 Jan. 1935. Collected by and purchased of R. E. 
Moreau. 

meruloides — M/me/a merM/o/V/ei' Vigors and Hoi sfield, 1827 . 63 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15:327. Holotype, Immature {vide 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit., Mus., 3 (1877) : 2, 3). Reg. no. 1863.7.7.70. 
New South Wales. Collected by Caley. Presented by the Linnean 
Society. 

mesochrysus — Basileuterus mesochrysus P. L. Sclater, 1 860 54 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 251. Holotype Adult. Reg. no. 
1884.5.15.434. Bogota, Colombia. (Collected by Mather, on 
label). Sclater Collection. 

mesoleuca — Dendrophila mesoleuca OglWiQ-Grant, IS94 43 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 3 : 49. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1897.5.13.92. La Trinidad, Benguet District, nort-west Luzon, 
(4 Jan. 1894, on label). Collected by J. Whitehead. Presented by 
the subscribers to the Whitehead Expedition. 

mesoleucus — liasileuterus mesoleucus P. h. Sc\aitv, \M5 54 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1865 : 286, pi. 9. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 



350 mesoleucus 

no. 1884.5.15.462. Demerara, Guiana, 1864. (Collected by 
Wilkens, on label). Sclater Collection, received by him from 
Hartlaub of Bremen. 

mesoleucus — Contopus mesoleucus V. L. Sclater, \S59 ... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859:43. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.994. Orizaba, Mexico. Collected by Botteri. Sclater 
Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sclater, Catalogue of a collection of American 
birds (1862) : 230. The species had been described previously, 
unknown to Sclater, as Muscicapa mesoleuca Lichtenstein, Preis- 
Verzeichniss Mexicanischer Vogel. . . . 1830 : 2, (reprinted in 
/. Orn., 1863 : 56), vide Salvin and Godman, Biol. Centr.-Amer., 
Birds, 2(1889) : 81. 

mesoleucus — Thryothorus mesoleucus P. L. Sclater, 1876 . 28 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1876 : 14. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1886.9.15.160. Santa Lucia, Lesser Antilles, West Indies, 1875. 
Collected by the Rev. J. Semper. Sclater Collection. 

mesopotamia — Pycnonotus leucotis mesopotamia Ticehurst, 1918 21 

J. Bombay nat. Hist. Soc, 26 : 279. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1920.10.23.2. Basra, Mesopotamia, 20 Nov. 1917. Collected 
and presented by C. B. Ticehurst. 

metallicus— 7x05 metallicus Ey ton, 1 845 . . . . .21 
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (1) 16 : 228. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1846.3.4.22. Malacca. Collected and presented by Capt. A. 
Charlton. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 6 (1881) : 66. 

mexicana — Certhiola tnexicanaV. L. Sclater, \S56 . . .54 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 286. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1857.7.30.17. Cordova, Vera Cruz. Collected by and purchased 
of A. Salle. 

mexicana — Grallaria mexicana P. h. Sclater, IS61 ... 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 : 381. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.9.20.606. (Jalapa, Mexico, vide Sclater, Catalogue of a 
collection of American Birds, 1862 : 192). Collected by De Oca. 
Sclater Collection. 

mexicana — Sturnella mexicana V.h. Sclater, I'iSl . . .57 

Ibis, (1) 3 : 179. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1885.7.12.206. 
Jalapa, Vera Cruz, Mexico. Collected by De Oca. Sclater Col- 
lection. 

Listed as the type by Hellmayr and Conover, Catalogue of Birds 
of the Americas, 10 (1927) : 213. 

mexicanus — Pyrocephalus mexicanus F. L. Sclater, IS59 . . 9 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 : 45. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.893. Mexico, 1851. (Collected by Williams, on label.) 
Sclater Collection. (cont.) 



microrhynchus 351 

Listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 214. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

raexicanus— Sc/e/'MrM5' wex/cfl«M5 P. L. Sclater, 1857 ... 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1856 (publ. 1857) : 290. Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1889.5.20.417. Cordova, Vera Cruz, southern Mexico. 
Collected by A. Salle. Sclater Collection. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 

mexicanus — Xenops mexicamis F. h. Sclater, IS57 ... 3 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1856 (publ. 1857) : 289. Syntype, Adult 
female. Reg. no. 1857.7.30.14. Cordova, Vera Cruz, southern 
Mexico. Collected by and purchased of A. Salle. 

microptera — Mirafra microptera Hume, 1873 . . . .17 

Stray Feathers, 1 : 483. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1887.7. 
1. 2668. Palow, Thayetmyo district, Burma, 26 May 1872. Col- 
lected by E. W. Oates. Hume Collection. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 615. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

micropterus — Agathopus micropterusF.'L. ScXaXtr, \%5% . . 6 

Proc. zool Soc. Lond., 1858 : 69. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.9.20.700. Rio Napo, Ecuador. Probably collected by 
Villavicencio. Sclater Collection. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

micropterus — Agriornis micropterus GovXd, \'i'i9 .... 9 
Zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, 3, Birds : 57, pi. 12. 
Syntype, (female in worn breeding garb vide Hellmayr, Catalogue 
of birds of the Americas, 5 (1927) : 3) (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 
1855.12.19.253. Port Desire, Patagonia, January. Collected by 
C. Darwin. Purchased of the Zoological Society of London as the 
type, but two specimens are referred to in the text. 

Listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 (1888) : 15. 

microrhyncha — Lalage karu microrhyncha Ogilvie-Grant, 1915 20 

Ibis, (10) 2, Jubilee Supplement : 118. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1911.12.20.1595. Mouth ofMimika River, Dutch New 
Guinea, 4 Dec. 1910. Collected by C. H. B. Grant and presented by 
the Committee of the British Ornithologists' Union Expedition to 
Dutch New Guinea. 

microrhynchus — Cassiculus microrhynchus P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 

1864 57 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1864 : 353. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.7.12.61. Panama Railroad, Panama, 1863. Collected by 
J. McCleannan. Sclater Collection. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 

microrhynchus — Cinnyris microrhynchus SheWty, \%16 . .46 

Monograph of the Nectariniidae : 219, pi. 67. Syntype, Immature 



352 milanjensis 

male. Reg. no. 1878.10.26.132. Mombasa. Collected by the 
Rev. T. Wakefield. Sharpe Collection. 

The two other immature syntypes are also in the collection. 
Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 9 (1884) : 48, listed an adult male as 
the type in error. 

milanjensis — Turdus milanjensis Shelley, \S93 . . .31 

Ibis, (6) 5 : 12. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1892.9.10.51. Milanji 
Plateau, 6,000', Nyasaland, 25 Oct. 1891. Collected by A. Whyte 
and presented by Sir H. H. Johnston. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

milanjensis — Xenocichla milanjensis Shelley, 1 894 .21 

Ibis, (6) 6 : 9, pi. 1. Holotype, Adult (female on label; feathers 
of neck missing). Reg. no. 1893.6.1.89. Milanji Hills, Nyasaland, 
Sept. 1892. Collected by A. Whyte and presented by Sir H. H. 
Johnston. 

miles — C//7«jm w/fe Hodgson, 1837 . .46 

India Review, 1837 : 273. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1843. 
1.13.236. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
The specimen is faded. There are other syntypes in the collection. 

milleti — Garrulax milleti Robinson & Kloss, 1919 . . 32B 

Ibis, (11) 1 : 574, pi. 12. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919.12. 
20.266. Dalat, 5,000', south Annam, 2 May 1918. Collected and 
presented by C. B. Kloss. 

This is the author's selected male. Their selected female syntype 
is also in the collection. 

mimika — Quoyornis leucums mimika Mathews, 1931 . . .37 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 52 : 25. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.20.1181. Mouth of Mimika River, Dutch New Guinea, 
22 March 1911. Collected by C. H. B. Grant. Presented by the 
subscribers to the British Ornithologists' Union Expedition to Dutch 
New Guinea. 

mimika — Setosura maculipectus mimika Mathews, 1928 . . 37A 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 48 :91. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.20.1189. MimikaRiver,DutchNewGuinea, 18May, 1911. 
Collected by C. H. B. Grant. Presented by the subscribers to the 
British Ornithologists' Union Expedition to Dutch New Guinea. 

mimikae— Mj/agra mwj/A^oe Ogilvie-Grant, 1911 . . .38 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 29 : 26. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.20.1343. Mouth of the Mimika River, Dutch New 
Guinea, 22 March 1911. Collected by C. H. B. Grant. Presented 
by the subscribers to the British Ornithologists' Union Expedition 
to Dutch New Guinea. 

This is the described male. The described female syntype is also 
in the collection. 



mindorensis 353 

mimikae — Pseudogerygone conspicillata mimikae Ogilvie-Grant, 1915 36 
Ibis, (10) 2, Supplement : 168. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.20.1116. Mouth of Mimika River, Dutch New Guinea, 
20 May 1911. Collected by C. H. B. Grant. Presented by the 
subscribers to the British Ornithologists' Union Expedition to 
Dutch New Guinea. 

This is the described male, the described female syntype is also 
in the collection. 

mimikae — Ptilotis mimikae OgxWiQ-GvdLni, \9\\ . . . .48 
Bull Brit. Orn. CI., 29 : 27. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1916.5.30.604. Mimika, 40 miles up the river, Dutch New Guinea, 
16 Feb. 1910. Collected by G. C. Shortridge. Presented by the 
Committee of the British Ornithologists' Expedition to New 
Guinea. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

mindanense — Dicaeum mindanense Tweeddale, 1877 . . .45 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1877 : Holotype, Adult male, (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1880.11.18.63. Pasananca, 7 miles from 
Zamboanga, Mindanao, Philippines, between 1-5 Feb. 1875. 
From the voyage of H. M.S. Challenger. 

mindanensis — Artamides mindanensis Steere, IS90 . . ,20 

List of the Birds & Mammals collected by the Steere Expedition to the 
Philippines : 14 (reprinted in Ibis, (6) 3 (1891) : 309). Syntype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1896.6.6.49. Ayala, Mindanao, 1 Oct. 
1887. Collected by and purchased of J. B. Steere. 
The immature syntype is also in the collection. 

mindanensis — Macronus mindanensis Steere, 1890 . . . 32B 

List of the Birds and Mammals collected by the Steere Expedition 
to the Philippines : 17 (reprinted in Ibis, (6) 3 (1891) : 312). Syn- 
type, Adult male. Reg. no. 1896.6.6.381. (Ayala, 17 Oct. on 
label), Mindanao, Philippines. Collected and purchased by J. B. 
Steere. 

There is also a female syntype in the collection. 

mindanensis — Mirafrajavanica mindanensis Hachisuka, 1931 .17 

O/jfOM, (n.s.) 1 :471. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1932.6.2.14. 
Gogoag, Mindanao, Philippines, 1930. Collected by M. Nakamura 
and presented by M. Hachisuka. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 

mindanensis — Volvocivora mindanensis Tweeddale, 1878 . 20 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1878 : 947. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1887.12.30.135. Zamboagna, Mindanao, Philippines, June 
1878. Collected by A. H. Everett. Tweeddale Collection. 
The adult and immature female syntypes are also in the collection. 

mindorensis — Artamides mindorensis Steere, IS90 . . .20 

List of the Birds and Mammals collected by the Steere Expedition to 



354 mindorensis 

the Philippines : 14 (reprinted in Ibis, (6) 3 (1891) : 309). Syntype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1896.6.6.47. Calaran, Mindoro, Philippines, 
1 June 1888. Collected by and purchased of J. B. Steere. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

mindorensis — lole mindorensis Steere, 1890 . . . .21 

List of the Birds and Mammals collected by the Steere Expedition to 
the Philippines : 1 9 (reprinted in Ibis, (6) 3 ( 1 89 1 ) : 3 1 3). Holotype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1896.6.6.314. Mindoro, Philippines, 12 
June 1888. Collected by and purchased of J. B. Steere. 

mindorensis — Miiscicapula hyperythra mindorensis Hachisuka, 1935 37 
Birds of the Philippine Islands, 2 : 299. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1897.5.13.362. Mount Dulangan, 4,500', Mindoro, 
Philippines, 26 Jan. 1896. Collected by J. Whitehead. Presented 
by the subscribers to the Whitehead Expedition. 

mindorensis — Tiirdiis mindorensis Ogilvie-Grant, 1896 . .31 

Ibis, (7) 2 :465. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897.5.13.376. 
Mount Dulangan, Mindoro, 27 Dec. 1895. Collected by J. 
Whitehead and presented by the subscribers to his expedition. 

This is the author's selected male. His selected female syntype is 
also in the collection. 

minima — Cinnyris minima Sykes, 1832 . . . . .46 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1832 : 99. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1860.4.16.67. Dense woods of the Ghauts, Deccan. Col- 
lected by W. H. Sykes. Presented by the Honourable East India 
Company Museum. 

minima — Geokichla interpres minima Hachisuka, 1934 . .31 

Tori, 8:221. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1896.6.6.267. 
Malaunavi, Basilan, Philippines. Collected by and purchased of 
J. B. Steere. 

minima — Neisna minima Ogilvie-Grant, 1906 .60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 16:117. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.12.23.379. Eastern Ruwenzori, 6,000', Central Africa, 
(Mubuko Valley, 6 Jan. 1 906, on label). Collected by D. Carruthers. 
From the Ruwenzori Expedition. 

This is the author's selected male syntype. The selected female 
and several other syntypes are in the collection. 

minima — Platystira minima J. and E. Verreaux, 1855 . .38 

Rev. Zool, 1 : 219. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1854.4.25.2. 
Gaboon, West Africa. Purchased of Verreaux. 

Hartlaub, /. Orn., 1861 : 169, confirms that of the two syntypes 
there was an adult in the British Museum Collection. 

minima — Sylviella minima Ogilvie-Grant, 1900 .35 

Ibis, (7) 6 : 156, pi. 1. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1887.11. 



minor 355 

3.85. Manda Island, British East Africa. Collected and presented 
by F. J. Jackson. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

minimus — Anthus minimus Vigors and Horsfield, 1827 . . .36 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15 : 230. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1 863. 7. 7. 32. b. Australia. Presented as the type by the 
Linnean Society of London. 

This specimen has a broken bill. There is another syntype in the 
collection. 

minimus — Sericornis minimus Gould, 1875 . . . . .36 

Birds of New Guinea, 3, pt. 1 : pi. 7. Syntype, (immature, vide 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 (1883) : 305). Reg. no. 1881.5.1. 
339. (Somerset, on label). Cape York, Austraha. (Collected by 
Cockerell, vide Sharpe, op. cit.). Gould collection. 

This specimen was labelled by Gould as minimus, and listed as the 
type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 (1883) : 305, but a number of 
specimens were referred to in the description. 

minor — Acrocephalus boeticatus minor Lynes, 1921 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 43 : 96. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1922.12.18.1014. Zahngei, 3,000', West Central Darfur, Sudan, 
2 Sept. 1921. Collected and presented by Admiral H. Lynes. 
From the Lynes-Lowe Expedition. 

minor — Actinodura ramsayi minor Kinnear, 1925 .... 32B 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 45 : 74. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1924.12.21.179. Ngoi-Tio, Tonkin, 2 June 1924. Collected by 
H. Stevens and presented by the Percy Sladen Trust and Salvin- 
Godman Exploration Fund. 

minor — Anthreptes seimundi nnnor Bates, 1926 . . .46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 46 : 107. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1926.8.8.9. Sanaga River, (1,700', on label), north of Yaunde, 
Cameroons, 23 Jan. 1924. Collected by and purchased of G. L. 
Bates. (See also appendix, Corrections and Additions, vol. 2.) 

minor — Apalis jacksoni minor OgWvie-Grant, 1911 . .35 

Ibis, (10) 5 :76. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1920.6.26.475. 
Bitye, 2,000', Ja River, Cameroons, 8 Dec. 1912. Collected and 
presented by G. L. Bates. 

This is the described male. The female syntype is also in the 
collection. 

minor — Campophaga minor Davison, 1 892 . . . . .20 
Ibis, (6) 4:99. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1892.9.1.4. 
Qualla Tahau, east coast of Malaya, 20 July 1891. Collected and 
presented by W. Davison. 

minor — Cnipodectes minor '?. L. Sdaitr, \%M .... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1883 (publ. 1884) : 654. Holotype, 



356 minor 

(Adult male, on label). Reg. no. 1888.1.13.817. Chamicuros, 
east Peru. (28 Jan. 1867, on label). Collected by E. Bartlett. 
Sclater Collection. 

minor — Lamprolia minor Layard, 1876 ..... ?37 

Ibis, (3) 6 : 155. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1898.10.3.40. 
Savu-Savu Bay, Vanua Levu, Fiji. Collected by T. Kleinschmidt. 
Seebohm Collection. 
Layard used a Kleinschmidt MS. name. 

minor — Nilaus minor Sharpe, \S95 . . . . .23 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1895 : 479. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1895.7.7.10. Okoto, central Somaliland, 8 Sept. 1894. Col- 
lected and presented by Dr. A. Donaldson Smith. 

There is another syntype in the Academy of Natural Sciences, 
Philadelphia, de Schaunsee, Proc. nat. Sci. Phil, 109, 1957 : 220. 

minor — Pellorneiim minor Hume, 1 873 ..... 32B 

Strav Feathers, 1 : 298. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1886.10.1. 
4830. Thayetmyo, Burma, 1871. Collected by Capt. Feilden. 
Hume Collection. 

minor — Perawstola miiior Fe\ze\n, IS69 ..... 4 
Zur Ornithologie Brasiliens, 1 : 86, 159. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1889.7.10.606. Marabitanas, Rio Negro, north-west 
Brazil, 21 Jan. 1831. Collected by J. Natterer. Sclater Collection. 
This specimen and three other syntypes in the collection were 
listed as "authentic specimens" by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
15(1890) :274. 

minor — Pseudolalage minor Steere, 1 890 . .20 

List of the Birds and Mammals collected by the Steere Expedition to 
the Philippines : 15 (reprinted in Ibis, (6) 3 (1891) : 310). Syntype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1896.6.6.100. Ayala, Mindanao, Philip- 
pines, 3 Dec. 1887. Collected by and purchased of J. B. Steere. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

minor — Pyrenestes minor Shelley, IS94 . . . . .60 
Ibis, (6) 4 : 20. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1893.6.1.239. Zomba, 
Nyasaland. Collected by A.Whyte. Presented by Sir H.H. Johnston 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

minor — Rhabdornis minor Ogilvie-Grant, IS96 . . . . 44B 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 6 : 14. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897. 
5.13.556. Paranas, Samar, Philippines, 28 June 1896. Collected 
by J. Whitehead. Presented by the subscribers to the Whitehead 
Expedition. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

minor — Sturnus minor Hume, 1 873 . . . . .62 

Stray Feathers, 1 : 207. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1887.7.1. 



miranda 357 

28. Sindh, India, (near Gunga Dhun, Larkhana, 11 Jan. 1872 on 
label). Collected for A. O. Hume. Hume Collection. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 39. 

minor — Trichastoma minor Hume, 1874 .... 32B 

Stray Feathers, 1 : 535. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886.10.1. 
5323. Yea, Tenasserim, 2 April 1874. Collected by W Davison 
Hume Collection. 
The other syntypes are also in the collection. 

minula — 5;'/v/a w/z/w/a Hume, 1873 35 

Stray Feathers, 1 : 198. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1886 7 8 169 
Bhawulpore, Punjab (31 Jan. 1868, on label). Collected by C H T 
Marshall. Hume Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

rnmuiQ.—Hirundo minuta Hodgson, 1844 18 

in J. E. Gray, Zoological Miscellany, 1844 : 22 (nomen mu'dum). ' 

Two specimens in the collection listed as types by Sharne Cat 
Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 (1885) : 106. ^^ :f y , ■ 

minuta— Locustella minuta Swinhoe, 1863 ... 35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land, 1863 : 93. Syntype, Adult (male, on label) 
Reg no. 1898.9.1.1380. Canton, China, October. Collected by 
J. Blakiston. Seebohm Collection. 

The Amoy specimen cannot be traced but this specimen is also 
referred to. 

mimtus—Arundinax minutus Swinhoe, 1860 . . . .35 

Ibis, (1) 2:52. Holotype? Adult. Reg. no. 1898 9 11563 
Amoy, China, 5 April 1858. Collected by R. Swinhoe. Seebohm 
Collection. 

Although the description does not refer to any particular speci- 
mens this was the only one avaUable at the time when it was made. 

minutus — Telephonus minutus Hartlaub, 1858 23 

foc^-/.?^- ^""f- ^''"'^•' 1858:292. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1853.L26.5. Ashantee, West Africa. Collected by and purchased 
of L. Fraser. 

The other syntype is also in the collection. 

mirabilis— Z)/c/-M/'M5 mirabilis Walden and E. L. Layard, 1 872 . 64 

Ibis, (2) 3 : 103, pi. 5. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 'l 887 1 1 20 637 
Negros Philippines, March 1871. Collected by E. L. Layard' 
Tweeddale Collection. 

miranda— Daphoenositta miranda De Vis, 1891 . 43 

Ibis, (7) 3 : 380. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no'. 1898 10 10 3 
Mt^Scratchley 12,200', New Guinea, 1 Oct. 1896. Collected by 

u ■ S' «f "i^"',^'''" ^''' ^- Macgregor (vide op. cit., : 371). Presented 
by C. W. De Vis as one of the types. 



358 miserabilis 

miserabilis — Perissotriccus ecaudatus miserabilis Chuhh, 1919 . . 9 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (9) 4:301. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1922.3.5.2695. Bonasika River, British Guiana, 1911. Collected 
by F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 

mixta — Pachyprora mixta S^h^Wty, \^%9 37 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1889 : 359. pi. 40. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1889.3.21.61. Kilimanjaro, 7,000', East Africa, 4 Aug. 
1888. Collected and presented by H. C. V. Hunter. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

mjoebergi — Dendrobiastes hyperythrus mjcebergi Hartert, 1925 . 37 

Sarawak Mus. J., 8 : 3. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1925. 
9.10.1. Mount Poi, 5,300', West of Kuching, Sarawak, Borneo, 
30 Sept. 1923 (Oct., on label). Collected by E. Mjoberg. Pre- 
sented by the Sarawak Museum. 
The male syntype is also in the collection. 

mocuba — Cisticola chiniana mocuba Vincent, 1933 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 53 : 174. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1933.3.1.24. 10 miles west of Mocuba, 900', Quelimane Province, 
Portuguese East Africa, 28 Jan. 1932. Collected by J. Vincent. 
Portuguese East Africa Expedition. 

modesta — Anthreptes modesta Eyton, IS39 . . . . .46 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1839 : 105. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1881.2.18.139. Malacca. Collected by Evans. Eyton Collection. 

modesta — Bessonornis modesta Shelley, 1897 . .31 

Ibis, (7) 3 : 539, pi. 12. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1897. 
11.4.105. Karonga, north Nyasaland, July. Collected by A. 
Whyte and presented by Sir H. H. Johnston. 

modesta — Brady ornis modesta Shelley, IB7 3 . . .37 

Ibis, (3) 3 : 140. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1894.8.16.167. 
Abokobi, (= Kitampo, Gold Coast, vide Sclater, Systema Avium 
Aethiopicariwn (1930) : 406), 26 Feb. 1872. Collected by G. E. 
Shelley. Shelley Collection. 

modesta — Ethyrura modesta, Shavpe, 1862 . . .60 

Ibis, (1) 4 : 351. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1873.5.12.1385. 
Ternate, 2,000', Northern Moluccas, (1860, on label). Collected by 
Allen. Wallace Collection. 

This specimen and a female syntype were listed as the types by 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 386. There are other syn- 
types in the collection. 

modesta — Glyciphila modesta G. R. Gray, 1858 . . . .48 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 174. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1873.5.12.894. Aru Islands, New Guinea, 1857. Collected by 
A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 
In addition to listing this specimen as the type Gadow, Cat. Bds. 



modicus 359 

Brit. Miis., 9 (1884) : 216, also lists a specimen under G. incana 
as the type of G. modesta but this is an error and the latter has no 
type status. 

modesta — Grallaria modesta V.h.SicXdiiQV, \%11 .... 4 
Ibis, (4) 1 : 439, 448, pi. 96. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1854.1. 
25.72. Bogota, Colombia. Purchased of S. Stevens. 

modesta — Myiagra modesta G. K. Gxdiy, \%59 . . .38 

Catalogue of the birds of the Tropical Islands of the Pacific Ocean in 
. . . the British Museum : 18. Holotype, Adult. Reg.no. 1858.3 
12.26. New Ireland. Collected for and purchased of Verreaux. 

modesta — Progne modesta Gould, 1839 . .18 

Zoology of the voyage of H. M.S. Beagle, 3, Birds, (1839) : 39. New 
name for Hirundo concolor Gould, 1837, preoccupied by H. concolor 
Sykes, 1832. 

modestum — Dicaeum modestum Tweeddale, 1878 . . . .45 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1878 : 380. Holotype, male (immature, 
vide British Museum register). Reg. no. 1888.7.12.120. Panaom, 
south-east of Leyte, Philippines, Oct. 1877. Collected by A. H. 
Everett. Tweeddale Collection. 

modestus — Prionochilus modestus Hume, 1875 . . . .45 

Stray Feathers, 3 : 298. Lectotype (designated by Salomonsen, 
Amer. Mus. Novit., 2068 (1961) : 31), Adult male. Reg. no. 1887. 
2.1.401. Mergui District, Tenasserim, (2 Nov. 1879, on label). 
Collected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 

There are seven specimens of the original syntypical series in the 
collection. 

modestus — Synallaxis modestus Eyton, 1851 .... 3 

in Jardine, Contributions to Ornithology, 1851 : 159, pi. 81. Syn- 
type. Adult. Reg. no. 1881.2.18.177. ?Bolivia. Eyton Col- 
lection. 

There is another syntype in the collection. See Hellmayr, 
Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 4 (1925) : 139. 

modestus — Turdus modestus Eyton, IS39 . . . .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1839 : 103. Holotype, (Immature, vide 
Seebohm, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 5 (1881) : 274). Reg. no. 1881.2. 
18.95. Malacca, Malaya. Collected by Evans. Eyton Collection. 

modestus — Vireo modestus P. L. Sclater, 1860 . . . .56 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860:462. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1886.9.15.276. Jamaica. Collected by P. H. Gosse. (Collected 
by Ward, on label). Sclater Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

modicus — Onychognathus morio modicus Bates, 1932 . .62 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 53 : 7. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1938. 
3.4.358. Kulikoro, French Sudan (between 12' and 15^ North, on 
label), 9 July 1928. Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 



360 modulator 

modulator — Orpheus modulator Gould, 1836 . . .29 

Proc. zool. Soc. LoncL, 1836 : 6. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1855. 
12.19.227. "In fretu Magellanico" (error; banks of Plata, vide 
Gould, Zoology of the Voyage of H. M.S. Beagle, pt. 3, Birds 18 : 60). 
Collected by C. Darwin on the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle and pur- 
chased of the Zoological Society of London. 

There is a second syntype in the collection : see Hellmayr, Novit. 
Zool; 21 (1914) : 159. 

moeritica — Galerida cristata moeritica 'N'lcoM & Bonhote, 1909 . 17 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 23 : 101. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1909.6.10.1. South shore of Lake Birket-el-Kerun, Fayum, Egypt, 
15 March 1909. Collected and presented by M. J. NicoU and 
J. L. Bonhote. 

This is the author's selected male. His selected female syntype 
is also in the collection. 

moesta — Lalage moesta P. L. Sclater, 1883 . .20 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1883 : 55. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1883.5.30.74. Timor Laut. Collected by H. O. Forbes and 
presented by the Timorlaut Committee of the British Association. 

moesta — Synallaxis moesta P. L. Sclater, 1856 .... 3 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1856 : 26. Holotype, Immature. Reg. 
no. 1889.5.20.124. Bogota, Colombia. Collected for Verreaux. 
Sclater Collection. 

moheliensis — Coracina cinerea moheliensis Benson, 1960 20 

Ibis, 103b : 70. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1959.5.7. 
Bandamale, 700 metres, Moheli, Comoro Islands, 25 Sept. 1958. 
Collected by C. W. Benson and presented by the British Ornitho- 
logists' Union Centenary Expedition. 

moheliensis — Microscelis crassirostris moheliensis Benson, 1960 21 

Ibis, 103b : 68. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1959.5.8. 
Bandamale, 500 metres, Moheli, Comoro Islands, 21 Sept. 1958. 
Collected by C. W. Benson and presented by the British Ornitho- 
logists' Union Centenary Expedition. 

moheliensis — Nesillas typica moheliensis Benson, 1960 . . .35 

Ibis, 103b: 81. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1959.5.11. 
Bandamale, 500 metres, Moheli, Comoro Islands, 20 Sept. 1958. 
Collected by C. W. Benson and presented by the British Ornitholo- 
gists' Union Centenary Expedition. 

moheliensis — Turdus bewsheri meheliensis Benson, I960 . . 31 

Ibis, 103b : 76. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1959.5.9. 
Nioumachoua, Moheli, Comoro Islands, 13 Sept. 1958. Collected 
by C. W. Benson and presented by the British Ornithologists' Union 
Centenary Expedition. 



mongalla 361 

molitor — Cinclodes molitor Scott, 1900. ..... 3 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 10 : 62. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1889. 
5.14.57. Chile, 1875. Collected by Leybold. Salvin-Godman 
Collection. 

mollissima — Chamaeza mollissima P. L. Sclater, 1855 ... 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1855 : 89, pi. 95. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1854.1.25.67. Santa Fe de Bogota, Colombia. Purchased of 
S. Stevens. 

moloneyanus — Turdinus moloneyanus Sharpe, 1 892 . . . 32B 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1892 : 228, pi. 20. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1891.5.25.1. Gold Coast. Collected and presented by Sir 
A. Moloney. 

mombasae — Chlorocichla monibasae Shelley, 1896 . . .21 

The Birds of Africa, 1 : 64. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1895.5.1.734. Mombasa, 15 July 1877. Collected by Dr. Fischer. 
Shelley Collection. 

monacha — Pachycephalal nwiiacha G. R. Gray, IS58 . . .39 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 179. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1858.3.10.69. Aru Islands. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Wallace Collection. 

monachus — Garrulax monachus Swinhoe, 1870 .... 32B 
Ibis, (2) 6 : 24S. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1871.3.21.9. Hainan, 
south China, Feb. 1868. Collected by and purchased of R. 
Swinhoe. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

monapo — Erythrocercus livingstonei monapo Vincent, 1933 . . 38 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 53 : 137. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1933.3.1.15. Near lamorrimo, 400', Mozambique Province. 14° 
55' S., 40^25' E., Portuguese East Africa, 25 May 1932. Collected 
and presented by J. Vincent. 

monarcha — Alcippe monarcha G. R. Gray, 1858 . . . .36 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 175. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1858.3.10.81. Aru Island. Collected by A. R. Wallace. 
Purchased of S. Stevens. 

monarcha — Sitagra monarcha Sharpe, 1 890 . . . . .61 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 : 426. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1889.7.25.51. Fantee, West Africa, 1872. Collected by H. J. 
Ussher. Shelley Collection. 
There are other syntypes in the collection. 

mongalla — Cisticola ruficeps mongalla Lynes, 1930 . . .35 

Ibis, (12) 6, Supplement; 541, pi. 18. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1928.8.19.12. Malek, Mongalla Province, Sudan, 27 Dec. 
1925. Collected by R. Harwood. Presented by Sir J. Harrington. 



362 mongolicus 

mongolicus — Carpodacus mongolicus Swinhoe, 1870 . . .59 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1870 : 447. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1898.11.1.489. Kerning, near Kalgan, Northern China, 27 Sept. 
1868. Collected by R. Swinhoe. Seebohm Collection. 

monilegera — Cinclosoma monilegera Hodgson, 1 836 . . 32B 

Asiat. Res., 19 : 147. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 
1843.1.13.561. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 

moniliger — Formican'iis moniliger P. L. Sclater, \S56 ... 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1856 : 294. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1857.7.30.22. Cordova, Vera Cruz, Mexico. Collected by and 
purchased of A. Salle. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 304. 

monotonus — Graucalus monotonus Tns,irdiir\, \%19 . .20 

Ibis, (4) 3:441. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1880.2.10.2. 
Makira Harbour, San Christoval, Solomon Islands, 25 Aug. 1878. 
Collected by Lt. G. E. Richards, R.N., and purchased of H. B. 
Tristram. 
There are other syntypes in the Liverpool Museum. 

montana — Brachypteryx montana Horsfield, 1821 . .31 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 1 57. ?Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. Old Vellum Cat. 13.285a. (Forests of Mount Prahu, 
7,000', Java, vide Horsfield, Zoological Researches in Java, 1824.) 
Collected by T. Horsfield and presented by the Honourable East 
India Company Museum. 

montana — Rhipidura montana Mathews, 1928 .... 37A 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 48 : 92. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1898.5. 
31.13. Mount Albert Edward, South-east New Guinea. Pur- 
chased of Messrs Blyth and Co. 

montana — Saxicola montana Gould, 1865 . .31 

Birds of Asia, 4 (pt. 17) : pi. 30. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1898.9.1.2341. Tibet. Collected by W. E. Hay. Seebohm Col- 
lection. (See also appendix, Corrections and Additions, vol. 2.) 

montana — Sylvia montana Horsfield, 1821 . . .35 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 156. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1860.4.16.394. Java, between 1811 and 1818. Collected by T. 
Horsfield. Presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 

The type was overlooked by Seebohm, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 5 
(1881), but was referred to by Hartert, Novit. Zool., 3 (1896) : 538. 
under the name of Cettia montana. 

montanella — Linota montanella Henderson and Hume, IS13 . . 59 
Lahore to Yarkand, : 261 (note), pi. 26. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1887.6.1.330. Arpalak River, Yarkand, (near Sanju, 
Western Kun Lun, Chinese Turkestan, vide Vaurie, Birds of the 



monticola 363 

Palearctic Fauna, Passer if omes (1959) : 613). Collected by G. 
Henderson on the Expedition of 1870 under T. D. Forsyth. Hume 
Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

montanorum — Poliospiza gularis inontanorum Bannerman, 1923 . 59 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 44 : 27. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1923.10.26.357. Banso Mountains, 6,000', north of Kumbo, 
Cameroons, 11 Sept. 1922. Collected by and purchased of G. L. 
Bates. 

montanus — Pomatorhinus montanus WorsfitXd, \%2\ . . . 32B 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 : 165. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1881.1.1.627. Java. Collected by T. Horsfield and presented by 

the Honourable East India Company Museum. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) : 410. 

A second, a relaxed mount, since destroyed, was almost certainly an- 
other syntype. 

montebelli — Anthus australis montebelli Montague, 1913 . .19 

Aust. Av. Rec, 1 : 181. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1913.5. 
20.14. Hermite Island, Monte Bello Group, West Australia, 9 
July 1912. Collected by P. D. Montague and presented by the 
Royal Society. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

monteiri — Laniarius monteiri ^har^pt, \%10 . . .23 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1870 : 148, pi. 13. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1873.12.10.92. Loando, Rio Dande, Angola, 28 April 
1869. Collected by and purchased of J. J. Monteiro. 

monteiri — Pytelia monteiri YiarXXaVih, \'&6Q . . . .60 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 111, pi. 161. Holotype, Adult male. 

Reg. no. 1873.12.10.11. Bembe, Angola. Collected by and pur- 
chased of J. J. Monteiro. 

monteiro — Hirundo monteiro Hartlaub, 1 862 . . .18 

Ibis, (1) 4 : 340, pi. 11. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1873.12.10.1. 
Angola. Collected by and purchased of J. J. Monteiro. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 (1885) : 170. 

monticola — /.vo5 mo/jr/co/a McClelland, 1840 . .21 

in Horsfield, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1839 (publ. 1840) : 160. 
Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1880.1.1.1906. Kossia mountains, 
Assam. Collected by J. McClelland and presented by the Honour- 
able East India Company Museum. 

monticola — Newtonia brunneicauda monticola Sa\omonsen, 1934 37 

Novit. Zool., 39 : 207. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1931.8. 
18.2849. Manjakatompo, Ankaratra Mountains, Central Mada- 
gascar, 12 May 1929. Collected by J. Delacour. Archbold Vcrnay 
Expedition, Franco-Anglo-American Expedition. 



364 monticola 

monticola — Sturnella magna monticola Chubb, 1921 . . .57 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (9) 8 : 444. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 

no. 1922.3.5.4555. Mt. Roraima, British Guiana, Oct. 1898. 
Collected by F. V. McConnell. McConnell Collection. 

monticolus — Cichlops monticohis Hodgson, 1 844 . . . .19 

in J. E. Gray, Zoological Miscellany, 1844 : 83 (nomen nudum). 
Three specimens in the collection were listed as types by Sharpe, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 (1885) : 567. 

montium — Myiomela montium Swinhoe, 1864 . . . .31 

Ibis, (1) 6 : 362. Holotype Adult male. Reg. no. 1898.10.3.20. 
Formosa, 7 March 1864. Collected for R. Swinhoe. Seebohm 
Bequest. 

montivaga — Calendula magnirostris montivaga Wmcent, 1948 . . 17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 68 : 146. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1948.39.45. Sanqubetu Valley, 8,000', at junction of rivers 
Lekhalabaletsi and Sanqubetu, 29°16.5' S., 29°21' E., Basutoland, 
17 Oct. 1946. Collected and presented by J. Vincent. 

montpellieri — Pericrocotus montpelleiri La Touche, 1922 . 20 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 42 : 125. Holotype, Adult male (in text; sub- 
adult male by plumage). Reg. no. 1906.12.17.97. Yangtze River 
(Big Bend), 9-10,000', Chukung to Yangpi, west Yunnan, 30 March 
1906. Collected and presented by Col. G. Rippon. 

moori — Alethe moori Boyd Alexander, 1903 .... 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 13 : 37. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1936.2.21.47. Near Bakaki, 6,000', Fernando Po, 17 Nov. 1902. 
Collected by Boyd Alexander and presented by his nephew. 

moptana — Saxicola torquata moptana Bates, 1932 . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 53 : 8. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1932. 
8.6.4. Mopti, French Sudan, 13 Jan. 1932. Collected by and 
purchased of G. L. Bates. 

moreaui — Apalis moreauiW. L. Sdater, 1931 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 51 : 109. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1931.5.7.1. Amani Forest, 3,000', Usambara District, Tanganyika, 
14 Dec. 1930. Collected and presented by R. E. Moreau. 

moreaui — Bradypterus brachypterus moreaui W. L. Sdatev, 1931 . 35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 52 : 57. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1931.5.7.7. Amani, 3,000', Usambara District, Tanganyika, 27 
Nov. 1930. Collected and presented by R. E. Moreau. 

moreaui — Cinnyris moreaui W. L. Sclater, 1933 . . .46 

Ibis, (13) 3 : 214. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1931.12.18.42. 
Maskati, Nguru Mountains, 6,000', Tanganyika, 14 Sept. 
1931. Collected by R. E. Moreau. Purchased by the Salvin- 
Godman Fund. 



motacilloides 365 

moreaui — Malunbus nitens moreaui C. M. N. White, 1957 . 61 

Bull. Br. Om. CI., 11 : 29. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1903. 
10.26.45. Efulen, Cameroons, 16 Dec. 1902. Collected and 
presented by G. L. Bates. 

morotensis — Cinnyris morotensis Shelley, 1877 . . . .46 
Monograph of the Nectariniidae : 101, pi. 34. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1873.5.12.827. Morty Island, South Pacific. 
Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

morotensis — Piezorhynchus morotensis Sharpe, 1879 . . .38 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 4 : 423. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1873.5.12.327. Morty Island, Moluccas, 1861. Collected by A. R. 
Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

morrelli — Pellorneum capistratum morrelli Chasen & Kloss, 1929 . 32B 
J. Orn., 1929 (2) : 118. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1947. 
60.50. Kadat, North Borneo, 19 Sept. 1927. Collected by F. N. 
Chasen and C. B. Kloss and presented by the Raffles Museum, 
Singapore. 

morrisonia — Alcippe morrisonia Swinhoe, 1863 .... 32B 
Ibis, (1)5: 296. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1898.10.3.809. 
North Formosa, China, April 1862. Collected by R. Swinhoe. 
Seebohm Bequest. 
The juvenile, and other adult syntypes are also in the collection. 

morrisoniana — Actinodura morrisoniana Ogilvie-Grant, 1906 . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 16:119. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1907.12.12.71. Mount Morrison, 8,000', central Formosa, Jan. 
1906. Collected by and purchased of W. Goodfellow. 
There is also a female syntype in the collection. 

morrisoniana — Suthora morrisoniana Ogilvie-Grant, 1906 . . 33 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 16:119. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1907.12.12.81. Mount Morrison, 9,000', central Formosa, Jan. 
1906. Collected by and purchased of W. Goodfellow. 

morrisonianum — Trochalopterum morrisonianum Ogilvie-Grant, 1906 32B 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 16 : 120. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1907.12.12.47. Mount Morrison, 8,000', central Formosa, Jan. 
1906. Collected by and purchased of W. Goodfellow. 
There is also a female syntype in the collection. 

motacilloides — Pericrocotus motacilloides Swinhoe, 1860 . 20 

Ibis, (1) 2:58. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1881.5.1.594. 

Amoy, south China, 23 April 1859. Collected by R. Swinhoe. 
Gould Collection. 

motacilloides — Rhipidura motacilloides Vigors and Horsfield, 1827 . 37A 
Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15:248. Holotype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1863.7.7.45. George River, Australia. Col- 
lected by R. Brown. Presented by the Linnean Society as the type. 
The tip of the bill is broken. 



366 motitensis 

motitensis — Pyrgita motitensis Smith, IS36 . . . . .61 

Report of the Expedition for exploring Central Africa of 1834 : 50. 
Syntype, Adult male (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1838.6.9.127. 
"About old Latakoo" (= near Kurumen, northern Cape Province, 
vide 3rd Report ofS.A.O.S. List Committee, Ostrich 30 (1959) : 1 16). 
Collected by A. Smith. Purchased of the South African Museum, 
London. 

The type locality, originally stated to be sixty miles south of the 
Orange River, was restricted to near Hopetown, Cape Province, by 
Macdonald, Contributions to the Ornithology of Western South 
Africa, (1957) : 156-7; but subsequently revised to Kurumen by 
Clancey, Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 84 (1964) : 1 10. The female syntype is 
in the collection. 

mouhoti — Buchanga mouhoti Walden, IS70 . . .64 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 5 : 220. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1897.12.1.939. Cambodia. Collected by M. Mouhot. Tweed- 
dale Collection. 

The specimen appears to be the type but has lost its feet; the label, 
which had become detached, was found loose in the same drawer. 

mouboti — Garrulax mouhoti Sharps, 1883 ..... 32B 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 : 444. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1860. 
7.2.12. Cambodia. Collected by Mouhot and purchased of S. 
Stevens. 

moultoni — Chlorocharis emiliae moidtoni Chasen and Kloss, 1927 47 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 48 : 47. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1935.12.27.1. Mount Poi, 5,000', south-western Sarawak, 6 Oct. 
1923. (Nov. on label). Collected by E. Mjoberg. Presented by 
the Sarawak Museum. 

moultoni — Ophrydornis albogularis moultoni Robinson & Kloss, 1919 32B 
Bidl. Br. Orn. CI, 40 : 17. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1927.4.18.995. Belong Saribas, south-west Sarawak, Borneo, 
8 Aug. 1916. Collected by natives and presented by H. C. Robinson. 

mpangae — Cinnamopteryx mpangae OgiWiQ-Gxani, \901 61 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 21 : 15. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1906.12.23.124. Mpanga forest, 5,000', Fort Portal, Uganda, 20 
Sept. 1906. Collected by R. B. Woosman. Presented by the 
subscribers to the Ruwenzori Expedition. 

msiri — Bradypterus msiri Neave, 1909 . . . . .35 

Bidl. Brit. Orn. CI., 25 : 25. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1909.12.31.199. Bunkeya River, 3,000', Lufira Valley, Katanga, 
Belgian Congo, 13 Sept. 1907. Collected and presented by S. A. 

Neave. 

muelleri — Cisticola muelleri Boyd Alexander, 1 899 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 8 : 49. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 



munipurensis 367 

11.12.23.2526. Zambesi River, (Mesanangue, 20 Jan. 1899, on 
label). Collected by W. Boyd Alexander. Boyd Alexander 
Bequest. 

muelleri — Cryptolopha muelleri Robinson and KIoss, 1916 . 35 

/. Straits Branch, Roy. Asiat. Soc, 73 : 278. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1920.6.29.252. Barong Bharu, 4,000', Barison 
Range, Korinchi, West Sumatra, 8 June 1914. Collected and 
presented by H. C. Robinson and C. B. Kloss. 

mufumbiri — Laniarius mufumbiri OgiS.w\e.-Gr:?t.ni, \9\\ . . .23 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 29 : 30. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1911.11. 
28.15. Mufumbiro Volcanoes (Vichumbi, south end of Lake 
Edward, East Africa, 4 Dec. 1910, vide Ogilvie-Grant, Ibis, (9) 6 
(1912) : 332-4). Collected and presented by Mrs M. Roby. 

muhuluensis — Apalis melanocephala muhuluensis C. H. B. Grant and 

Mackworth-Praed, 1946 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 67 : 43. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1946.14.1. Muhulu Forest, 4,400', Mahenge District, Southern 
Tanganyika, 30 Jan. 1946. Collected by and purchased of R. E. 
Moreau. 

multicolor — Laniarius multicolor G. R. Gray & Mitchell, 1849 . 23 

The Genera of Birds, 1 : 299, pi. 72. Holotype, (Adult male, vide 
Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 8 (1883) : 159). Reg. no. Old Vellum 
Cat. 10.15. (West Africa on label.) Received from Capt. Sabine. 

multipunctata — Nucifraga multipunctata Gould, 1849 . . .71 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1849 : 3. The specimen described was in the 
museum of the Philosophical Society of Yorkshire. The specimen 
listed by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 3 (1877) : 56 as the type cannot 
be accepted. 

multostriata — Myrmotherula multostriata P. h.SclateT,lS5S . . 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 234, pi. 141. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1855.12.17.48. Ucayali River, Upper Amazon. Col- 
lected by Hauxwell and purchased of J. Gould. 
The female and immature syntypes are in the collection. 

munipurensis — Cisticola munipurensis Godwin-Austen, 1 874 . 35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1874:47. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1895.7.14.2014. Dunsiri Valley, Naga Hills, Munipur. Collected 
and presented by H. H. Godwin-Austen. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

munipurensis — Suthora munipurensis Godwin-Austen, 1 875 33 

Ibis, (3) 5:250. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1895.7.14.1515. 
Karakhul, Munipur. Collected by W. Robert. Godwin-Austen 
Collection. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 



368 muraria 

muraria — Prunella rubeculoides muraria K. Meinertzhagen, 1926 30 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 46 : 99. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1897.12.10.1123. Astor, Kashmir, 21 Nov. 1876. Collected and 
presented by J. Biddulph. 

murielae — Saxicola dacotiae murielae 'Qa.rmtvm^Ln, \9\7> . . 31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 33 : 37 (figured Ibis, (10) 2 (1914) : pi. 5). Syn- 
TYPE, Adult male. Reg. no. 1913.10.22.105. Allegranza Island, 
Canary Islands, 12 June 1913. Collected by and purchased of D. A. 
Bannerman. 

This is the author's selected male. His selected female and ten 
other syntypes are also in the collection. 

murina — Ochthoeca murinaV. L. Sclater, 1812 .... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1871 (publ. 1872) : 749. Holotype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1888.1.13.104. Oyapok, Cayenne. Collected for Mde. 
Verdey (by Jelski, vide Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 31). 
Sclater Collection. 

murina — Pyrrhula murina Godman, 1 866 59 

Ibis, (2) 2 :97, pi. 3. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1879.4.5. 
768. St Michael's, Azores, April 1865. Collected by F. D. C. 
Godman. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 453. 
There are five other syntypes in the collection. 

laminus—Thamnophilus murinus P. L. Sclater & Salvin, 1867. . 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1867 : 756. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.9.20.63. Barra do Rio Negro (= Manaos, vide Hellmayr, 
Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 3 (1924) : 88), Brazil, 15 Oct. 
1830. Collected by J. Natterer. Sclater Collection. 
There is a female syntype in the collection. 

murinus — Turdus murinus SaWm, ISS5 . . . . .31 

Ibis, (5) 3 : 197. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1885.3.2.177. 
Roraima, 5,000', British Guiana, 30 Aug. 1883. Collected by 
H. Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are many other syntypes in the collection. 

muscipetoides — Chaptia muscipetoides Hodgson, IS31 . 64 

The Indian Review, 1 (1836, publ. 1837) : 325. ?Syntype, Adult. 
Reg. no. 1843.1.13.711. Nepal. Collected and presented by 
B. H. Hodgson. 

Received with his main collection, the specimen has Hodgson's 
drawing number on the label and is therefore Ukely to have been 
before him when the description was made. 

musicapinus — Hylophilus musicapinus P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1 873 56 
Nomencl. Av. Neotrop. : 156. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1886. 
9.15.293. St Louis d'Oyapok, French Guiana, (3 March 1867, 
on label). Collected by Jelski (vide Sclater, Ibis, (4) 5 (1881) : 290). 
Sclater Collection; obtained by him through Verreaux. 



mystacea 369 

musicus — Pomatorhinus musicus Sw'mhoQ, IS59 . . 32B 

J. North China Branch, Asiat. Soc, 2 : 228. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1898.10.3.588. Formosa, 21 June 1858. Collected by R. 
Swinhoe. Seebohm Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

mussooriensis — Aethopyga siparaja mussooriensis E. C. S. Baker, 1925 46 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 46 : 12. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1886.12.1.480. Mussoorie, North-west India, 1872. Collected by 
A. O. Hume. Hume Collection. 

mutus — Saltator mutus S>c\sl\.qv, \%56 . . . . . .50 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1856 : 72. Although Tangara superciliaris 
Spix (1825) may be applicable to this bird, Tanagra muta Lichten- 
stein, Mus. Berol. Berlin. Verz. Ausgestop. Saiig. Vog., (ISIS) : 22 
would appear to be the first reference, and the specimen described by 
Sclater {op. cit.) and recognised by Hellmayr and Conover, Catalogue 
of birds of the Americas, 1 1 (1938) : 23 does not appear to be a type. 

mysolensis — Calornis rriysolensis G.R. Grsiy, \%6\ . . .62 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 :431. Holotype, Adult (male, vide 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 150. Reg. no. 1873.5.12. 
1902. Mysol, 1860. Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace 
Collection. 

mysticalis — Criniger mysticalis Wallace, 1863 . . . .21 
Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1863 : 28. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1873.5.12.84. Bouru. Collected by A. R. Wallace. Wallace 
Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

mystacalis — Meliphaga mystacalis Gould, 1841 . . . .48 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1840 (publ. 1841) : 161. Syntype, Adult 
(female, on label). Reg. no. 1841.6.1093. Western Australia, 
(near Perth, 15 May 1839, on label). Collected by and purchased 
of J. Gould. (See also appendix. Corrections and Additions, vol. 2.) 

mystacalis — Thryothorus mystacalis V.h. Sclaitv, \860 . 28 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 64. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1886.9.15.131. Pallatanga, Ecuador, Nov. 1858. Collected by 
L. Eraser. P. L. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Catalogue of American Birds, (1862) : 22. 
The second syntype is in the collection. 

mystacea — Calornis mystacea Og\W\e-Gvar\i, \9\\ . .62 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 29 : 28. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1916.5.30.915. Parimau, Mimika, New Guinea 16 Nov. 1910. 
Collected by C. H. B. Grant and presented by the subscribers to the 
British Ornithologists' Union New Guinea Expedition. 



370 nagaensis 

nagaensis — Sit ta nagaensis Godv/'m- Austen, 1814 . . .43 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1874 : 44. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1895.7.14.2416. Naga Hills, Assam, Winter 1872-3. Collected 
by H. H. Godwin-Austen. Godwin-Austin Collection. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 

nagaensis — Turdinus nagaensis Godwin- Austen, 1 877 . . . 32B 
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 20 : 519. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1895.7.14.1255. East Naga Hills, north-east Assam, 17 April 
1876. Collected by A. W. Chennell and presented by H. H. 
Godwin-Austen. 

namaqua — Cisticola subruficapilla namaqua Lynes, 1 930 . . .35 
Ibis, (12) 6, Supplement : 216. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1905.12.29.2123. Klipfontein, Little Namaqualand, 11 April 
1903. Collected by C. H. B. Grant. Presented by C. D. Rudd. 

namaquensis — Bradornis infuscata namaquensis Macdonald, 1957 37 
Contribution to the ornithology of Western South Africa : 119. 
Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1887.12.1.1332. (not 1889, as 
stated). Aamhoup, Great Namaqualand, 1 July 1861. Collected 
by C. J. Andersson. Tweeddale Bequest. 

namaquensis — Cossypha caffra namaquensis W. L. Sclater, 1911 . 31 
Ibis, (9) 5 :415. Holotype, Aduh female. Reg. no. 1905.12.29. 
867. Klipfontein, Little Namaqualand, 19 June 1903. Col- 
lected by C. H. B. Grant and presented by C. D. Rudd 

namaquensis — Karrucincla schegelii namaquensis W. L. Sclater, 1928 31 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 49:15. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1866.7.19.5. Great Namaqualand, 27 June 1861. Collected by 
C. J. Andersson and purchased of Stevens. 

This name is based on the specimens described as Emarginata 
cinerea (Vieillot) by Sharpe, Ibis, (8) 4 (1904) : 325 and Reichenow, 
Die Vogel Afrikas, 3 (1905) : 710. 

namba — Cisticola lais namba Lynes, 1931 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 52 : 11. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1931.10.8.9. Namba, 6,700', Central-western Angola, 12° S., 
15° E., 8 March 1931. Collected by Admiral H. Lynes and J. 
Vincent. Presented by Admiral H. Lynes. 

namuli — Alethe choloensis namuli Vincent, 1933 . . . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 53 : 138. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1933.3.1.3. NamuH Mountain, 5,600', 15.21°S., 37.04° E., Queli- 

mane Province, Portuguese East Africa, 25 July 1932. Collected 
by and purchased of J. Vincent. 

namwera — Cinnyris chalybeus namwera Vincent, 1933 . . .46 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 53 : 146. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1933.3.1.8. Mangoche Mountains, 3,700', near Namwera's, Nyasa- 
land, 6 May 1932. Collected by and purchased of J. Vincent. 



natalensis 371 

nana — y4ca/2r/2/za «a«a. Vigors and Horsfield, 1827 . .36 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15:226. Holotype, Adult (relaxed 

mount). Reg. no. 1863.7.7.25. Australia. Collected by G. 

Caley. Presented as the type by the Linnean Society of London. 

The specimen has now lost a wing. 

nana — Seisura nana Gould, 1 870 . . . .38 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 6 : 224. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1881.5.1.1290. Northern Australia. Collected for Waterhouse. 
Gould Collection. 

nandensis — Dryoscopus nandensis Sharpe, 1900 . . .23 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 11 : 28. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1900.6.22.2. Nandi, 6,500', Equatorial Africa, 29 June 1892. Col- 
lected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

nandensis — Sycobrotus nandensis Jackson, 1 899 . . .61 

Ibis, (7) 5 : 615. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1899.8.13.4. 

Nandi, 6,000', British East Africa, 10 April 1898. Collected and 
presented by F. J. Jackson. 

nanus — Pyrocephalus nanus Gov\d, \'&39 ..... 9 

Zoology of the voyage of H. M.S. Beagle, 3, Birds : 45, pi. 7. Syn- 

TYPE, Adult male. Reg. no. Old Cat. 3309 D. Galapagos 

Archipelago, September. Collected and presented by C. Darwin. 

There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

napensis — Cercomacra napensis P. L. Sclater, 1868 ... 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1868 : 572. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.9.20.405. Rio Napo, eastern Ecuador. Collected for 
Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as type by Hellmayr, Novit. Zool, 12 (1905) : 287. There 
is another syntype in the collection. 

natalensis — Camaroptera natalensis WaviXdiVib, \%6?) . .35 

in Gurney, Ibis, (1) 5 : 326, pi. 8. Syntype, Adult (female, vide 
Lynes, Ibis, (12) 6 (1930) supplement : 651). Reg. no. 1890.12.20.45. 
Natal. Collected by T. Ayres. Presented by J. H. Gurney Jnr. 

natalensis — Cossypha natalensis Smith, 1840 . .31 

Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa, {Aves) : pi. 60. Holo- 
type, "Possibly immature male" (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1843. 
2.28.36. Port Natal. Collected by A. Smith and purchased 
of the South African Society. 

natalensis — Drymoica natalensis Smith, IS43 .35 

Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa, Aves, : pi. 80. Holo- 
type, Adult male. Reg. no. 1843.2.28.90. Port Natal, South 
Africa. Collected by A. Smith. Purchased of the South African 
Society as the type. 



372 natalensis 

natalensis — Nectarinia natalensis iardine, 1843 . . .46 

Naturalist's Library 13, Ornithology 5, Sunbirds : 193, 256, pi. 12. 
HoLOTYPE, Adult' male. Reg. no. 1886.6.24.350. Port Natal, 
East Africa. Jardine Collection. 
Original label inscribed "Auth. for Nat. Lib". The bill is broken. 

natalensis — Sphenoeaciis natalensis Shelley, 1882 . . .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1882 : 337. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1895.5.1.971. Newcastle, Natal. Collected by A. E. Butler. 
Shelley Collection. 

natalis — Zosterops natalis Lister, 1889 .47 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1888 (publ. 1889) : 518, pi. 27. Syntype, 
Aduh. Reg. no. 1888.8.12.6. Flying Fish Cove, Christmas 
Island, 7 Oct. 1887. Collected and presented by J. J. Lister. 

Presented and registered as the type. The specimen was originally 
labelled female and altered to male. There are two other syntypes 
in the collection, Tristram also had one, and three more are in the 
University Museum of Zoology, Cambridge. 

nation! — Buarremon nationi P. L. Sclatcr, ISSl . . .49 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1881 : 485, pi. 46. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1885.6.11.1. 10,000-14,000', Western Cordillera of Peru 
(near Lima, on label), 1881. Collected by Dallas and Turfield for 
W. Nation. Sclater Collection. 

nation! — M^/o^/mj' //o/zon/ P. L. Sclater 1866 . .... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc Lond., 1866 : 99, pi. 11. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.13.841, near Lima, Peru. Collected by W. Nation. 
Sclater Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

natronensis — Prinia gracilis natronensis 'Nicoll, 1911 . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 37 : 29. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1917. 
1.12.2. Wadi el Natron (30 miles west of Nile), Lower Egypt, 22 
March 1910. Collected by M. J. Nicoll. Presented by the 
Egyptian Government Zoological Service. 

natterer! — Anthus nattereri P. L. Sclater, \S7S . .19 

Ibis, (4) 2 : 366, pi. 10. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1884.5. 
15.142. Rio Verde, Province of Paulo, Brazil, 16 July 1820. Col- 
lected by J. Natterer. Sclater Collection; received by Sclater in 
exchange with the Vienna Museum. 
The other syntype is also in the collection. 

natterer! — Pipra nattereri P. L. Sclater, 1 865 . . ■ . .8 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1864 (publ. 1865) :611. Syntype, Adult 
female. Reg. no. 1888.1.13.1298. Borba, BrazU, Jan. 1830. 
Collected by J. Natterer. Sclater Collection; obtained by him in 
exchange with the Vienna Museum. 
The male syntype is in the Vienna Museum. 



neergaardi 373 

natunae — Aethopyga siparaja natunae Chasen, 1934 . . .46 
Bull. Raffles Mus., 9 : 97. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1947.60.66. Sadanau Island, North Natuna Islands, Malaya, 21 
Sept. 1928. Collected by F. N. Chasen. Presented by the 
Raffles Museum, Singapore. 

natunensis — Anthreptes macularia natwiensis Chasen, 1935 46 

Bull. Raffles Mus., 10 : 43. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
60.64. Bunguran, North Natuna Islands, Malaya, 28 Aug. 1928. 
Collected by F. N. Chasen. Presented by the Raffles Museum, 
Singapore. 

natunensis — Charitocirus maculatus natunensis Chasen, 1935 . . 45 

Bull. Raffles Mus., 9: 95. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1947. 
60.64. Bunguran, North Natuna Islands, China Seas, 28 Aug. 
1928. Collected by F. N. Chasen. Presented by the Raffles 
Museum, Singapore. 

natunensis — Chloropsis cochinchinensis natunensis Chasen, 1938 . 22 
Orn. Mber., 46 : 7. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1948.23.1. 
Bunguran Island, North Natuna Islands, 11 Sept. 1928. Col- 
lected by F. N. Chasen and presented by the Raffles Museum, 
Singapore. 

nayaritensis — Ainwphila acuminata nayaritensis van Rossem, 1938 . 49 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 58 : 128. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1899.2.1.3675. Tepic, Nayarit, Mexico, 8 June 1889. Collected 
by W. B. Richardson. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

nayaritensis — Icterus graduacauda nayaritensis van Rossem, 1938 . 57 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 58 : 137. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1898.12.14.1177. Tepic, Nayarit, Mexico, 29 May 1889. Col- 
lected by W. B. Richardson. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

nebularum — Saxicola torquata nebularum Bates, 1930 .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 51 : 51. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1930.12.3.5. Near Birwa Peak, 4,500', Timgi Hills, Kono District, 
Sierra Leone, 13 July 1930. Collected by and purchased of G. L. 
Bates. 

nebulosa — Geospiza nebulosa Gould, IS31 . . . .53 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1837 : 5. Holotype, Adult (female, vide 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888): 11), (relaxed mount). 
Reg.no. 1837.2.21.400. Galapagos Archipelago, (Charles Island), 
vide Old Vellum Catalogue, 20 : 261. Collected by Captain Fitzroy 
R.N., Commander of H.M.S. Beagle. Presented by Sir W. 
Burnett and Capt. Fitzroy. 

nccrzaardl—Cinnyris neergaardi C. H. B. Grant, 1908 . .46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 21 : 93. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1905.12.29.1642. Coguno, Inhambane District, Portuguese East 
Africa, 5 Sept. 1906. Collected by C. H. B. Grant. Presented by 
C. D. Rudd. 



374 neglecta 

neglecta — Calamocichla neglecta Boyd Alexander, 1908 . . 35 

Bull. Brit. Oin. CI., 23 : 33. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.2857. Lake Chad, French Equatorial Africa, 5 Dec. 
1904. Collected by W. Boyd Alexander. Boyd Alexander 
Bequest. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

neglecta — CalormsrieglectaV^?i\dQn,\%ll . .62 

Trans, zool. Soc. Loud., 8 : 79. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1888. 
9.20.423. Celebes. Tweeddale Collection. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 149. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

neglecta — Chlorodvta neglecta Boyd Alexander, 1899 . . .35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 10 : 17. Syntype, Adult (male, on label). 
Reg. no. 1911.12.23.2196. Zambesi River, (near Zumba, 12 Nov. 
1898, on label). Collected by W. Boyd Alexander. Boyd 
Alexander Bequest. 

This specimen is labelled as the type, but other syntypes are 
implied by the description, and one of these is also in the collection. 

neglecta — Gerygone neglecta Wallace, 1 865 . . . .36 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1865:475. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1873.5.12.207. Waigiou, South-west Pacific, 1860. Collected by 
A. R. Wallace. Wallace Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

neglecta — Pachycephala neglecta Layard, IS19 . .39 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1879 : 147. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1898.9.20.1006. Ovalau, Fiji Islands. Collected by E. L. 
Layard. Seebohm Bequest. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

neglecta — Sitta neglecta Walden, 1810 . . .43 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 5 : 218. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.5.30.702. Karen Hills, Tounghoo District, Burma. Col- 
lected by Viscount Walden. Tweeddale Collection. 

This specimen was labelled as the type by the author. There are 
two other syntypes in the collection. 

neglecta — Vohocivora neglecta Wume, \811 .20 

Stray Feathers, 5 : 203. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886. 
4.1.252. Malewoon, south Tenasserim, 10 Jan. 1875. Collected 
by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

neglecta — Zosterops neglecta Stthohm, \892> . . . .47 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 1 : 26. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1898. 
9.30.225. (Near Tozari, 5,000', East Java, vide Seebohm, Ibis, 
(6) 5 (1893): 218), (21 Aug. 1887, on label). Collected by J. 
Whitehead. Seebohm Bequest. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 



nesophilus 375 

neglectus — Calamonastes simplex neglectus Benson, 1936 . . 35 
Bull. Brit. Oni. CI., 56 :71. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1935.9.11.4. 5 mUes East of Fort Hill, 4,300', north-west Nyasa- 
land, 17 Aug. 1935. Collected and presented by C. W. Benson. 

neglectus — Pericrocotus neglectus Hume, 1877 . . . .20 

Stray Feathers, 5 : 171, 189. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1886.4.1.708. Meetan, central Tenasserim, 25 Feb. 1877. Col- 
lected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 
There is also a female syntype in the collection. 

neglectus — Phylloscopus neglectus Wwme, X'ilQ . . . .35 
Ibis, (2) 6 : 143. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886.7.8.1349. 
(Bhawulpore, Punjab, 30 Jan. 1868, on label), Punjab and Doab, 
India. Collected by C. H. T. Marshall. Hume Collection. 

This is the only specimen in the collection obtained before the 
date of description, but Hume refers to specimens of both sexes. 

neilgherriensis — Hypsipetes neilgherriensis Jerdon, 1 839 . . 21 

Madras J. Lit. Sci., 25 : 245. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1845.1. 
10.14. Summit of Nilgiri Hills (in text & Madras on label). Col- 
lected and presented by T. C. Jerdon. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 6 (1881) : 40. 

nelsoni — Geo//?/)'/?/^'/?^/^^/?/ Richmond, 1900 . . . .54 

Auk, 17 : 179. New name for G. cucuUata Salvin and Godman, 
1889 {q.v.) on the grounds of preoccupation by Sylvia cucullata 
Latham 1790. 

nemoricola — Fringalanda nemoricola Hodgson, 1 836 . . .59 

Asiat. Res., 19 : 158. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1843.1.13.877. 
Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
There are other syntypes in the collection. 

nesa — P>T/"AM/ap>T/-/;M/a/je.yfl Mathews and Iredale, 1917 . . 59 
Austral. Avian Record, 3 : 122. There is no evidence that actual 
specimens were examined when the original description was pre- 
pared. Meinertzhagen, Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 68 (1947) : 32, claims 
that Iredale briefly examined his specimens and therefore desig- 
nates as lectotypes a pair (reg. nos. 1965. M. 55 and 56) from Tring, 
Hertfordshire collected on 10 Dec. 1909. Since it cannot be satis- 
factorily established that these birds were original syntypes these 
have not been accepted as lectotypes. 

neseri — Oenanthe pileata neseri Macdonald, 1952 . .31 

Ostrich, 23 : 161. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1938.10.17.8. 
Erongo Mountains, Omaruru District, South West Africa, 16 
June 1938. Collected by and purchased of W. Hoesch. 

nesophiIus^C/>7«jm /7f.vo/j/;//tM' Shelley, 1892 .46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., I : 5. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 



376 neumanni 

1895.9.9.32. Angasija, Great Comora Island. Collected by 
J. Kirk. Shelley Collection. 

A second syntype is also in the collection. 

neumanni — Amydnts neumanni Boyd Alexander, 1908 .62 

Bull. Brit. om. CI., 23 :41. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.3731. Petti, on Kaduna River, northern Nigeria, 27 
Aug. 1904. Collected and bequeathed by Boyd Alexander. 

neumanni — Hypochera neumanni Boyd Alexander, 1908 . 61 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 25 : 33. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.3306. Yo, Lake Chad, 19 Nov. 1904. Collected by 
Boyd Alexander. Boyd Alexander Bequest. 

neumanni — Othyphantes baglafecht neumanni Bannerman, 1923 . 61 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 43 : 165. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1922.11.25.347. Banso Mountains, 6,000', north of Kumbo, 
Cameroons, 23 Sept. 1921. Collected by and purchased of G. L. 
Bates. 

nevagans — Legatus xariegatus nevagans Chxxhh, \9\9 ... 9 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 40 : 43. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1888.1.1.829. Chitra, Veragua, Panama, 1868. Collected by E. 
Arce. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

newtoni — Oxynotus newtoni Pollen, 1 866 . .20 

Ibis, (2) 2 :278, pi. 8. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1866. 
12.11.10. Reunion Island, 4 June 1865. Collected by M. F. 
Pollen and D. C. van Dam and purchased of the Amsterdam 
dealer G. A. Frank. 

This specimen is the one figured. There is also a male syntype 
in the collection. Two more syntypes are in the University of 
Cambridge Museum of Zoology, and seven in the Leiden Museum. 

newtoni — Riparia paludicola newtoni Bannerman, 1937 . . .18 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 58:31. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1926.8.8.195. Bambulue, 4,800', near Bamenda, Cameroons, 1 
Feb. 1925. Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

ngamii — Pycnonotus tricolor ngamii Ogilvie-Grant, 1912 . .21 

7^/5,(9)6:391. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1911.12.16.51. 
Lake Ngami, 2,700', Bechuanaland, 2 July 1909. Collected by G. 
Legge on the Woosnam-Legge Expedition. 

nicaraguensis — Quiscalus nicaraguensis Salvin and Godman, 1891 57 
Ibis, (6) 3 : 612. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1898.12.14.2334. 
Momotombo, Lake Managua, Nicaragua, 21 May 1891. Col- 
lected by W. B. Richardson. Salvin — Godman Collection. 
Listed as the type by Hellmayr and Conover, Catalogue of a 
collection of American birds 10 (1937) : 94. There are several other 
syntypes in the collection. 



niger 377 

nicholsoni — Anthus nicholsoni Sharpe, 1 884 . . . .19 

in Layard, Birds of South Africa, (new ed.) : 536. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1 877.7. 1 1 .304. Sigonell, Vaal River, South Africa. 
Collected by T. C. Atmore. Sharpe Collection. 
Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 (1885) : 555. 

nicobarica — Aelhopyga nicobarica Hume, IS13 . . . .46 
Stray Feathers, 1 : 412. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886. 
12.1.267. Kondul, Nocobar Islands, Indian Ocean, (14 March 
1873, collected by W. Davison, on label). Hume Collection. 

This specimen was marked as the type in the British Museum 
Register. There are seven other syntypes in the collection. 

nicobarica — Terpsiphoiie nicobarica Oates,lS90 . . . .38 
Fauna of British India, 2 : 48. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1887.12.30.1034. (Trinkut, Nicobar Islands, Jan. 1874, on label). 
Collected by R. I. Wimberley. Tweeddale Collection. 

The specimen is labelled "type" in an early hand, and from the 
preface to the first volume it is clear that the author was using the 
British Museum Collection. 

nicobariensis — Dissemurus paradiseus nicobariensis E. C. S. Baker, 

1918 64 

Novit. Zool, 25 : 302. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1883.3.1. 
2362. Kondel, Nicobar Islands, 14 March 1873. Collected by 
W. Davison. Hume Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

nicolli — Ploceus {Syniplectes) nicolW^. I.. Sc\diitr,\9'i\ . . 61 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 52 : 26. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1931.5.7.6. Amani, 3,000', Tanganyika, 19 June 1931. Col- 
lected and presented by R. E. Moreau. 

nigellicauda — Fsaropholus ardens var nigellicauda Swinhoe, 1870 63 
Ibis, (3) 1 : 342. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897.6.1.482. 
Taipingsze, Central Hainan, 20 Feb. 1868. Collected by R. 
Swinhoe. Seebohm Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

niger — Bubalornis niger Sxmih, \%1)6 ...... 61 

Report of the Expedition to Central Africa of 1834 : 52. The des- 
cription is of an adult and according to Stonehouse, Scottish 
Naturalist, (1930) : 150, the type is in the Edinburgh Museum. 
The specimen listed by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 510, 
is immature and cannot be accepted as the type. 

niger — Copsyclnis niger R. G. W. Ramsay, 1886 . . . .31 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1886 : 123. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1888.4.20.97. Elopura, north-east Borneo, April 1884. Col- 
lected by H. Pryer. Tweeddale Collection. 



378 niger 

niger — Xenops niger Pelzeln, 1859 ...... 4 

Sber, Akad. Wiss. Wien, 34 : 111. Syntype, Adult male (tail 
missing). Reg. no. 1889.9.20.184. Marabitanas, Brazil, 18 May 
1831. Collected by J. Natterer. P. L. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as "authentic specimen" by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
15 (1890) : 219. Pelzeln used Natterer's MS. name. 

nigeriae — Anthreptes collaris nigeriae C. M. N. White, 1950 . . 46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 70 : 43. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1949.33.71. Owerri, south-east Nigeria, 25 Jan. 1949. Collected 
and presented by S. Marchant. 

nigeriae — Emberiza affinis nigeriae Bannerman and G. L. Bates, 

1926 49 

Ibis, (12) 2 : 801. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1926.8.8.11. 
15 miles north-east of Yola, 1,000'., north Nigeria, 19 July 1925. 
Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

nigeriae — Erythrocercusmaccalli nigeriae Bannerman, 1920 . 38 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 41 : 5. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1920.3.10.2. Iju Waterworks, near Lagos, Southern Nigeria, 9 
Feb. 1920. Collected by W. P. Lowe on a voyage of H.M.S. Dwarf. 
Presented by Capt. Dane, R.N. 

nigeriae — Hypochera nigeriae Boy A A\Qxandtx,\9Q'i . .61 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 23 : 15. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.3302. Kiri, Gongola River, Northern Nigeria, 22 July 
1904. Collected by Boyd Alexander on the Alexander-Gosling 
Expedition. Boyd Alexander Bequest. 

nigeriae — Malimbus rubricollis nigeriae Bannerman, 1921 . .61 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 41 : 77. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1920.6.8.202. Iju Waterworks, near Lagos, Nigeria, 31 Dec. 1919. 
Collected by W. P. Lowe during a voyage of H.M.S. Dwarf, and 
presented by Capt. Dane RN. 

nigeriae — Sylviellaflaviventris nigeriae Bannervnan, 1920 . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 41 : 4. Holotype, Adult ?male. Reg. no. 

1920.3.10.3. Iju Waterworks, near Lagos, South Nigeria, 29 
Dec. 1929. Collected by W. P. Lowe on the voyage of H.M.S. 
Dwarf, and presented by him. 

nigerrima — Hypochera tu'gerrima Sharpe, \81l . . .61 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1871 : 133. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1878.12.31.810. (Galungo-alto, vide Shelley, Birds of Africa, 
4 (1905) : 11), Angola. Collected by C. Hamilton. Sharpe Col- 
lection. 

nigerrima — Hypsipetes nigerrima Gould, 1862 . . . .21 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1862:282. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1898.10.2.23. Camphor Hills, north Formosa, March 1861. Col- 
lected by R. Swinhoe. Seebohm Bequest. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 



nigrescens 379 

nigerrimus — (Icterus) nigerrimus Oshurn, IS59 . . . .57 
Zoologist, 1859 : 6662. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1885.7.12.182. 
Freeman's Hall, Trelawney County, Jamaica, 7 Feb. 1859. Col- 
lected by W. Osburn. Sclater Collection. 

Purchased as the type, but Sclater, Ibis, (1) 1 (1859) : 457, refers 
to several specimens which are all syntypes. 

nigerrimus — Mynnelastes nigerrimus V.L. Sclater, IS5S . 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 275. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1858.4.27.49. Rio Javarri, Upper Amazon, Brazil. Col- 
lected by H. W. Bates and purchased of S. Stevens. 

nigra — C/7/oc/«c/a «/^ra Sharpe, 1877 . . . .31 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. {Zool), (2) 1 : 335, pi. 52. Syntype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1876.8.28.14. Puerta Princesa, Palawan, 
Philippines, July 1874. Collected by and purchased of J. B. Steere. 

nigrescens — Chamaeospiza nigrescens Salvin and Godman, 1889 . 49 
Ibis, (6) 1 :381. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1899.2.1.3854. 
Patzcuaro, Michoacan, Mexico, Jan. 1888. Collected by F. D. 
Godman. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

nigrescens — Chlorophoneus nigrescens W. L. Sclater, 1931 .23 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 51 :110. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1931.5.7.4. Amani Forest, 3,000', Usambara District, Tanganyika, 
19 March 1931. Collected and presented by R. E. Moreau. 

nigrescens — Dicrurus nigrescens Oa.ie% \^%9 . . . .64 

The Fauna of British India (Birds), 1 : 3 1 5. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1882.1.20.799. Kyeikpadein, near Pegu, Tenasserim, 27 
April 1876. Collected by and purchased of E. W. Gates. 

nigrescens — Euprinodes nigrescens Jackson, 1906 . . . .35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 16 : 90. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1906. 
6.3.3. Ruwenzori, (probably Ankole, vide Ogilvie-Grant, Trans, 
zool. Soc. Lond., 19 (1910) : 253), 8 April 1902. Collected and 
presented by F. J. Jackson. 

nigrescens — Hvpsipetes psaroides nigrescens E. C.S.Baker, 1917 . 21 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 38 : 15. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1909. 
4.7.17. Kalaikhin, Pondaung, Upper Chindwin, Burma, 9 Feb. 
1905. Collected by Mears and presented by C. H. Hopwood. 

This is the author's selected male. His selected female syntype 
is also in the collection. 

nigrescens — Myiochanes nigrescens P. L. Sclater ar\d Sahin, 1880 . 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1880 : 157. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.1.1492. Sarayacu, Ecuador. Collected by C. Buckley. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 



380 nigricans 

nigricans — Cercomacra nigricans V. L. Sclater, IS5% ... 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 245. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.9.20.425. Santa Marta, Colombia. Collected for 
Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 267. 

nigricapillus — Lanius coUurioides nigricapiUiis. See appendix, Correc- 
tions and Additions, vol. 2 ...... 23 

nigricapillus — Thryothorus nigricapillus P. L. Sclater, 1 860 . . 28 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 84. Syntype, Adult (female, vide 
Sclater, Catalogue of American Birds, (1862) : 21). Reg. no. 1886. 
9.15.121. Nanegal, 4,000', west slope of Pichincha, Ecuador, 
Feb. 1859. Collected by L. Fraser. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, 1 862, loc. cit. The two other syntypes 
are also in the collection. 

nigricauda — Laniarius quadricolor nigricauda Clarke, \913 23 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 31 : 32. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1903.8.1.34. Takaungu, coast of Kenya, 15 March 1901. Col- 
lected and presented by A. B. Percival. 

nigricauda — Myrmeciza nigricauda Salvin & Godman, 1 892 . . 4 

Biol. Centr.-Amer., 2 : 230. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1889.7.10.634. Intac, Ecuador, Dec. 1877. Collected by C. 

Buckley. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
nigriceps — Campy lor hynclms nigriceps P. L. Sclater, 1860 . . 28 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 461. Syntype, Immature (juvenile, 

vide Hellmayr, Catalogue of Birds of the Americas, 1 (1934) : 138). 

Reg. no. 1886.9.15.24. Jalapa, Vera Cruz, Mexico. Collected by 

de Oca. Sclater Collection. 
The second syntype cannot be traced in the collection. 
nigriceps — Cyanocorax nigriceps P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1 876 71 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1876:354. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1887.3.9.35. Tilotilo, Province of Yungas, Bolivia. Collected by 
C. Buckley. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

A second syntype is also in the collection. 

nigriceps — Drvodromas nigriceps S]\e\\ey,\?>12> .35 

Ibis, (3) 3 : 139. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1895.5.1.1088. 
Abouri, Aguapim, (Gold Coast), West Africa, 22 Feb. 1872. Col- 
lected by G. E. Shelley. Shelley Collection. 

nigriceps — Myiarchus nigriceps P. L. Sclater, 1860 ... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860:68. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.13.1122. Pallantanga, Ecuador, (Oct. 1858, on label). 
Collected by L. Fraser. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 258. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

nigriceps — Orthotomus nigriceps Tv/eeddale, 1878 . . .35 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1877 (publ. 1878) : 828, pi. 85. Holotype, 
Adult male, (female, on label). Butuan, Mindanao, Philippines, 
May 1877. Collected by A. Everett. Tweeddale Collection. 



nigrifrons 381 

nigriceps — Sibia nigriceps Hodgson, 1839 ..... 32B 
J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 8 : 38. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1843. 
1.13.616. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

nigriceps — Stachyris nigriceps Blyth, IS44 .... . 32B 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 13 : 378. Two specimens in the collection 
were listed as types by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) : 533, 
but the material used by Blyth is presumably still at the Calcutta 
Museum. Stachyris nigriceps J. E. Gray, Zoological Miscellany, 
1844 : 82, is a nomen nudum. Both authors used Hodgson's MS. 
name. 

nigriceps — Thamnophilus nigriceps P. L. Sclater, 1 868 ... 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1868 : 571. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.9.20.58. Bogota, Colombia. Obtained by Sclater from O. 
Salvin. Sclater Collection. 

nigriceps — Todirostrum nigriceps V.\..Sc\a.iQT \%55 ... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1855 : 66, pi. 84. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.13.243. Santa Marta, Colombia. Collected for 
Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 

nigriceps — Xenocichla nigriceps Shelley, 1 889 . . . .21 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1889 : 362. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.3.21.180. Kilimanjaro, 6,000', East Africa, 9 Aug. 1888. 
Collected and presented by H. C. V. Hunter. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

nigricinereus — Parus nigricinereus Jackson, 1 898 . . . .42 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 8 : 22. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1898. 
13.3. (Collector's no. 598). Nandi, Kenya. 10 April 1898. Col- 
lected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 

This specimen was presented as the type but the author refers to 
three other specimens in Ibis, (7) 5 (1899) : 638. These are not in 
the collection. 

nigricotis — MotacillanigricotisSheWey, 1900 . . . .19 

Birds of Africa, 2 : 266, pi. 12. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1895.5.1.2028. North of Limpopo, Zambesi. Collected by 
Bradshaw. Shelley Collection. 

nigrifrons — Enicurus nigrifrons G. R. Gray, \S59 . . . .31 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 : 102. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1859.3.4.315. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7(1883) : 323. 
Gray used Hodgson's MS. name. 

nigrifrons — Formicarius nigrifrons Gould, \855 .... 4 
Ann. Mag. not. Hist., (2) 15 : 344. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1854.12.20.16. Chamicuros, River Ucayali, east Peru. Col- 
lected by Hauxwell and purchased of J. Gould. 



382 nigrifrons 

nigrifrons — Leptopogon nigrifrons Salvin and Godman, \8S4 . . 9 
Ibis, (5) 2 :446. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1888.1.1.565. 
Roraima, 5,000', British Guiana, 30 Aug. 1883. Collected by H. 
Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

nigriloris — Cisticola nigriloris Shelley, 1 897 . . . . .35 

Ibis, (7) 3 : 536, pi. 12. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897. 
11.4.104. Kombi, 7,000', Masuku Range, Northern Nyasaland, 
July 1896. Collected by A. Whyte. Presented by Sir Harry 
Johnston. 

This is the described male syntype. The two female syntypes are 
also in the collection. 

nigrimenta — Yuhina (Polyodon) nigrimenta Hodgson, 1845 . . 32B 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 14 : 562. Holotype or Syntype, Adult 
(relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1843.1.13.362. Nepal, Collected 
and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) : 634. 

nigrimentalis — Stoparola nigrimentalis Ogilvie-Grant, 1894 . . 37 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 3 : 50. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897. 
5.13.71. North-west Luzon, Philippines, (La Trinidad, Benguet 
District, 13 Jan. 1894, on label). Collected and presented by J. 
Whitehead. 

Listed as the type by Hachisuka, Birds of the Philippines, 2 (1935) : 
344. The female syntype is also in the collection. 

nigrimentum — Monarcha nigrimentum G. R. Gray, 1860 . . 38 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1860 : 352. Holotype, Adult (female, 
vide Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 (1879) : 418). Reg. no. 1873. 
5.12.254. Amboyna, Moluccas, 1857. Collected by A. R. 
Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

Of three specimens which might have been available this is the only 
one which has the black colour under the chin on which the des- 
cription was based. 

nigripennis — Oriolus {Baruffus) nigripennis J. and E. Verreaux, 1855 63 
J. Orn. 1855 : 105. Syntype, Aduh. Reg. no. 1854.5.23.23. 
Gaboon River, West Africa. Collected by and purchased of J. 
and E. Verreaux. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

nigrirostris — ArremonnigrirostrisV.\..Sc\aitr,\%'i6 . . .49 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 1 : 276. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1885.6.12.979. Cosnipata, southern Peru, 21 May 1871. Col- 
lected by H. Whitely. Sclater Collection. 

nigrita— ///>w«(/omg^/-/7a G.R.Gray & Mitchell, 1845 .18 

The Genera of Birds, 1 : 58, pi. 20. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1843.3.31.2. River Niger, West Africa. Collected by T. H. 
Thomson or L. Eraser on the 1841-42 expedition of H.M.S. 
Wilberforce and presented by Mrs Heywood and Capt. Allen. 



nigrocinereus 383 

nigrita — Myzomela nigrita G. R. Gray, 1859 . . . .48 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 173. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1858.3.10.131. Aru Islands, New Guinea. Collected by A. 
R. Wallace. Purchased of S. Stevens. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

nigrita — Ochthoeca nigrita P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1871 . . 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1870 (publ. 1871) : 787. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1888.1.13.78. Merida, Venezuela, July 1869. 
Collected by A. Goering. Sclater Collection. 

nigrithorax — Laniarius nigrithorax Shavpe, 1811 . . .23 

/to, (3)1:417. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1875.4.9.63. Accra, 
Gold Coast. Collected by Capt. Haynes. Sharpe Collection. 

nigriticola — Mirafra rufa nigriticola Bates, 1932 . . . .17 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 53 : 8. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1932. 
8.6.5. Tawa, north of Sokoto, French Niger, 31 May 1931. Col- 
lected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

nigritorquis — Miinia nigritorquis Sharpe, 1898 . . . .60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 7:60. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1898. 
5.31.15. Mount Albert Edward, South-east New Guinea. Col- 
lected by and purchased of W. Blythe & Co. 
Prepared from a specimen preserved in spirit. 

nigrivertix — Basileuterus nigrivertix Salvin, 1 895 . . . .54 

Novit. Zool, 2 : 3. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1896.10.6.67. 
Cajabamba, 9,000', Peru. Jan. 1894. Collected by O. T. Baron. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are three other syntypes in the collection. 

nigroaurita — Leioptila pulchella nigroaurita Kinnear, 1 944 . 32B 

Ibis, 86:83. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1938.12.13.241. 
Lhalung, 7,000', Pachakshiri, south-east Tibet, 29 April 1938. 
Collected and presented by F. Ludlow and G. Sherrifif. 

nigrocapitata — Brachypteryx nigrocapitata Eyton, 1 839 . . 32B 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1839 : 103. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1881.2.18.29. Malacca. Collected by Evans. Eyton Collec- 
tion. 

nigrocapitatus — Mixornis nigrocapitatus Steere, 1890 . 32B 

List of the Birds and Mammals collected by the Steere Expedition 
to the Philippines : 17 (reprinted in Ibis, (6) 3 (1891) : 312). Syn- 
type, Adult male. Reg. no. 1896.6.6.389. Catbalogan, 14 April 
(on label), Samar, Philippines. Collected by J. B. Steere. Steere 
Collection. 
The female syntype from Leyte is also in the collection. 

nigrocinereus — Thamnophilus nigrocinereus P. L. Sclater, 1855 4 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1855 : 19, pi. 81. Syntype, Adult male. 



384 nigrogularis 

Reg. no. 1889.9.20.53. Rio Tocantins, Brazil, 1854. Collected 
by A. R. Wallace. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 (1890) : 194. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

nigrogularis — Brachypteryx nigrogularis Eyton, IS45 . . . 32B 
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (1) 16 : 228. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1846.3.4.26. Malacca. Collected and presented by A. Charlton. 

nigrogularis — Lalage nigrogularis Layard, 1875 . . .38 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1875 : 149. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 

no. 1887.12.1.1255. Levuka, Fiji Islands, 16 November, 1874. 
Collected by E. L. Layard. Tweeddale Collection. 

nigrogularis — Ruticilla nigrogularis Moore, 1854 . . . .31 
in Horsfield and Moore, Catalogue of Birds in the Museum of the 
Honourable East India Company, 1 : 307. Syntype, Adult male 
(relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1879.12.28.703. Nepal. Collected by 
B. H. Hodgson and presented by the Honourable East India Com- 
pany Museum. 

Listed as type by Seebohm, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 5 (1881) : 352. 
There is also a female syntype in the collection. 

nigrogularis — Siphia nigrogularis Everett, ]S9\ .37 

Ibis, (6) 3 : 45. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1890.6.14.8. Pen- 
risen Mountain, Sarawak, Borneo, Dec. 1899. Collected by a 
native collector for A. H. Everett. Purchased of A. H. Everett. 

nigrogularis — Spermophila nigrogularis Gould, \S39 . .59 

Zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, 3, Birds : 88. Syntype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1855.12.19.200. Monte Video, November. 
Collected by C. Darwin. Purchased of the Zoological Society of 
London. 

The female syntype was listed by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 
12 : 127, but cannot now be traced. 

nigrolineata — Grallaria nigrolineata P. L. Sclater, 1890 ... 4 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 15 : 321. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1889.9.20.634. Merida, Venezuela, 6 Nov. 1886. Collected by L. 
Brieiio. Obtained by Sclater from Dr. E. Rey of Leipzig. Sclater 
Collection. 

There is another syntype in the collection. Sclater used 
Berlepsch's MS. name. 

nigrolutea — lora nigrolutea G. F. L. Marshall, 1876 . . .22 
Stray Feathers, 4:410. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886. 
9.1.426. Saharunpore, North-west Province, 9 Aug. 1873. Col- 
lected by G. F. L. Marshall. Hume Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

nigronotata — Urobrachya nigronotata Sharpe, 1897 . .61 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 1 : 1. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897. 
10.31.2. Witu, Kenya. Collected and presented by F. J. Jackson. 



nilgiriensis 385 

nigrorufa — Saxicola nigrorufa Jevdon, IS39 . . . .37 

Madras J. Lit. Sci., 10 : 266. Syntype, Adult (registered as male, 
labelled as female). Reg. no. 1846.4.30.28. Nilgherry Mountains. 
Collected and presented by T. C. Jerdon. 

The specimen has a broken bill. Listed as the type by Sharpe, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 4 (1879) : 455. There are other syntypes in 
Calcutta. 

nigrorufo — Sericornis nigro rufo S>d\v2idon, \%9'\ . .36 

Ann. Mus. Civ. Stor. not. Giocoma Doria, (2) 14 (=34) : 151. 
Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897.8.29.23. Moroka, South- 
east New Guinea, 10 Aug. 1893. Collected by L. Loria. Pur- 
chased from the Genoa Museum as one of the syntypes. 

nigrorum — Alsoenax cinercus nigrorum. See appendix, Corrections 
and Additions, vol. 2 ....... 37 

nigrorum — Cittocincla nigrorum Ogilvie-Grant, 1896 .31 

Ibis, (7) 2 : 547. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897.5.13.432. 
Canloan Volcano, Negros, Philippines, 1 May 1896. Collected by 
J. Whitehead and presented by the subscribers to his expedition. 
There is also a female syntype in the collection. 

nigrorum — Turdus nigrorum Ogilvie-Grant, 1896 . . .31 

Ibis, (7) 2 : 544. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897.5.13.413. 
Canloan Volcano, 6,000', Negros, Philippines, 31 March 1896. 
Collected by J. Whitehead and presented by the subscribers to his 
expedition. 

nigrorum — Zosterops nigrorum Tweeddale, 1878 . . .47 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1878 : 286. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 

no. 1888.7.1.789. Valencia, Negros Island, Philippines, Aug. 1877. 

Collected by A. H. Everett. Tweeddale Collection. 
This specimen was labelled as the type but a female specimen 

was also included in the original description. 
nigrostellatus — Pomatorhinus nigrostellatus Swinhoe, 1 870 . . 32B 

Ibis, (2) 6:250. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1898.10.3.599. 

Central Hainan, China, Feb. 1868. Collected by R. Swinhoe. 

Seebohm Bequest. 
nilghiriensis — Antlws nilghiriensis Sharps, \SS5 .19 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 : 550. Holotype, Adult (claws damaged). 

Reg. no. 1846.4.30.13. Nilghiri Hills, India. Collected and pre- 
sented by T. C. Jerdon. 
nilgiriensis — SaxicolacapratanilgirensisV/hht\er,\94Q. 31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 60 : 90. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1886.4.1.1510. Ootacamund, Nilgiri Hills, India, 11 Jan. 1881. 

Collected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 
nilgiriensis — Zosterops palpebrosa nilgiriensis Ticehurst, 1927 . . 47 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 47 : 89. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 

1 886. 1 2. 1.1 690. Coonoor, Nilgiri Hills, South India, 28 Jan. 

1881. Collected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 



386 nUotica 

nilotica — Calamacichla ansorgei fiilotica l^eumann, \905 . . 35 
Novit. Zool, 15 : 246. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1887.9. 
28.220. Wadelai, on the Bahr-el-Jebel, Equador, Africa, 8 Aug. 
1885. Collected and presented by Emin Pasha. 
The three other syntypes are also in the collection. 

niloticus — Passer dumesticus niloticus Nicoll & Bonhote, 1909 61 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 23 : 101. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1909.6.10.3. ("Birket-el-Karun" on label), Fayum, Egypt, 13 
March 1913. Collected and presented by M. J. Nicoll and J. L. 
Bonhote. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

nipalensis — Brachypteryx nipalensis Moore, \S54 . . . .31 
in Horsfield and Moore, Catalogue of Birds in the Museum of the 
Honourable East India Company, 1 : 397. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1880.1.1.2381. Nepal. Collected by B. H. Hodgson and 
presented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 
There is also a female syntype in the collection. 

nipalensis — Carduelis nipalensis Hodgson, 1 836 . .59 

Asiat. Res., 19 : 157. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1843.1.13. 
860. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
There are other syntypes in the collection. 

nipalensis — Certhia nipalensis ^\yih, \M5 44A 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 14 : 581. ?Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1843.1.13.247. Nepal. Collected by B. H. Hodgson. 

Blyth used a Hodgson MS. name. This specimen was listed as 
the type by Gadow. Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 8 (1883) : 329, but Blyth 
based his description on a number of specimens of which this is 
thought to be one. 

nipalensis — Cinclosomal Sibial nipalensis Hodgson, 1836 . . 32B 
Asiat. Res., 19 : 145. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1843.1.13.583. 
Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

nipalensis — Cinnyris nipalensis Hodgson, 1831 . . . .46 
India Review, 1837 : 273. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1843. 
1.13.229. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
There are other syntypes in the collection. 

nipalensis — Delichon nipalensis Moore, 1854 , . . .18 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1854 : 104, pi. 63. Syntype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.2732. Nepal. Collected by B. H. 
Hodgson and presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 

There are three other syntypes in the collection. Moore used 
Hodgson's MS. name. 



nipalensis 387 

nipalensis — Drymoica nipalensis Moors, IS54 . . . .35 

in Horsfield and Moore, A Catalogue of birds in the museum of the 
Honourable East India Company, 1 : 329. Syntype, Adult (relaxed 
mount), Reg. no. 1880.1.1.3038. Nepal. Collected by B. H. 
Hodgson. Presented by the Honourable East India Company 
Museum. 

Moore used a Hodgson MS. name. A second syntype was 
available. 

nipalensis — Emberiza nipalensis Hodgson, 1836 . . .49 

Asiat. Res., 19 : 157. ?Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1880.1.1. 
3907. Nepal. Collected by B. H. Hodgson. Presented by the 
Honourable East India Company Museum. 

This specimen, which has the original data label, and is marked 
"Icon. Ined., pi. no. 341", appears to be an original syntype. 

nipalensis — Graucalus nipalensis Hodgson, 1 837 . . .20 

India Rev., 5 (1836, publ. 1837) : 327. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1843.1.13.735. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. 
Hodgson. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

nipalensis — Hirundo nipalensis Hodgson, 1836 . .18 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, : 1780. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1843.1. 
13.180. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

nipalensis — Paludicola nipalensis Hodgson, \S31 . . . .12 
J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 6 : 103. Syntype, Adult male (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1 843. 1 . 1 3.501 . Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. 
Hodgson. 

nipalensis — Parus nipalensis Hodgson, IS3S . .42 

Indian Review, 2:31. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1843.1.13.399. 
Nepal. Collected for and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
There are other syntypes in the collection. 

nipalensis — Pyrrhula nipalensis Hodgson, 1836 .59 

Asiat. Res., 19 : 155. Syntype, Adult male (relaxed mount). Reg. 
no. 1843.1.13.854. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. 
Hodgson. 
There are other syntypes in the collection. 

nipalensis — Ruticilla nipalensis Moore, IS54 . . .31 

in Horsfield and Moore, Catalogue of Birds in the Museum of the 
Honourable East India Company, 1 : 302. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1880.1.1.1460. Nepal. Collected by B. H. Hodgson and 
presented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

nipalensis— S/Z/fl nipalensis Hodgson, ! 836 . . . . .43 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 5 : 779. The specimens from Hodgson in the 



388 nipalensis 

collection appear to have been collected at a later date than the 
description, although three of them are listed as the types by 
Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 8 (1883) : 349. 

nipalensis — 5'/vam/7a/e«5/5 Hodgson, 1838 .... . 32B 
India Review, 2 : 89. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 
1843.1.13.451. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

nipalensis — Suthora nipalensis Hodgson, 1838 . .33 

India Review, 2 : 32. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 
1843.1.13.397. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 (1883) : 489. 

nipalensis — Timalia nipalensis Hodgson, 1836 .... 32B 
Asiat. Res., 19 : 182. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 
1843.1.13.262. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
This specimen was selected by N. B. Kinnear. There is a second 
syntype in the collection. 

nitens — Myiagra nitens G. R. Gray, 1860 . . . .38 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 352. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1873.5.12.660. Batchian, Moluccas, 1858. Collected by A. R. 
Wallace. Wallace Collection. 

There are two other syntypes, from the second locality, Ternate, 
in the collection. 

nitens — Ploceus nitens J. E. Gray, IS31 .61 

Zoological Miscellany. 1 : 7. Holotype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. Old Vellum Cat. 21. no. 82a. Sierra Leone {vide Sharpe, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 481). Collected and presented by 
Sir E. Sabine. 

nitens — Sturnus nitens Hume, \81 1 .62 

Ibis, (3) 1 :410. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1873.6.30.11. 
Cashmere, 10 June 1870. Collected by G. Henderson. Purchased 
of G. Stevens. 

Listed by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 35. Renamed 
Sturnus Immii Brooks, 1876 (^.v.) on the grounds of preoccupation 
by S. nitens Brehm, 1828. There are other syntypes in the collec- 
tion. 

nitida — Calornis nitida G. R. Gray, 1 858 . .62 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1858 : 181. Holotype, Adult (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1843.7.22.50. New Island, South West Pacific. 
Collected by G. Barclay {vide Museum register). Presented by Ad- 
miral Sir E. Belcher, through Mr Hinds. 

nitidissima — Chlorochrysa nitidissima 'P. 1.. Sclaitr, \'&12> . 51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1873 -.728. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.6.12.202. Antioquia, Colombia. Collected by J. K. Salmon. 
Sclater Collection. 



niveogularis 389 

aitidissimus — Tachyphonus nitidissimus Salvin and Godman, 1870 51 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1870 : 188. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.6.7.648. Bugaba, Chiriqui, Veragua, 1869. Collected by 
E. Arce. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

nitidum — Dicaeum nitidum Tristram, 1889 .45 

Ibis, (6) 1 : 555. Holotype, Aduh. Reg. no. 1945.53.7. Sudest 
Island, Louisade Archipelago, 8 Oct. 1888. Collected by B. H. 
Thomson. Received in exchange with the York Museum. 

nitidus — Carpodectes nitidus Salvin, 1 865 ..... 7 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1864 (publ. 1865) : 583, pi. 35. Holotype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1888.1.20.849. Tucurrique, Costa Rica, 
1864. Collected by E. Arce. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

nitidus — Orthotomus 7ntidusY{\xme,\%lA . . . .35 

Stray Feathers, 2 : 507. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1886. 
10,1.1830. Pahpoon, Salween District, Tenasserim, Burma, 5 Jan. 
1874. Collected by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 

This specimen was labelled "Type" by the author. There are two 
other syntypes in the collection. 

niveiceps — Hypsipetes niveiceps Swinhoe, IS64 .21 

Ibis, (!) 6 : 424. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1888.4.1.272. Near 

Swatow, northern border of Kwantung Province, China. Col- 
lected by G. W. Caine. Tweeddale Collection. 

niveiceps — Planesticus niveiceps. See appendix, Corrections and 
Additions, vol. 2 ........ 31 

niveigularis — Tyramius niveigularis P. L. Sclater, 1 860 ... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 281. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.1.13.1170. Babahoyo, Ecuador, July 1859. Collected 
by L. Eraser, Sclater Collection. 

niveiventris — Dendroeca niveiventris SdXv'm, \%(i2> . . .54 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1863 : 187, pi. 24. Syntype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1885.3.8.260. San Geronimo, Vera Paz, Guatamala, Jan. 
1862. Collected by O. Salvin. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10 (1885) : 647. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

niveni — Tephrocorys cinerea niveni Macdonald, 1952 . . .17 

Ann. Transvaal Mus., 22 : 32. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1933.7.14.233. Gezabuzo, near Pietermaritzburg, Natal, 23 June 
1929. Collected by and purchased of J. Vincent. 

niveogularis — Acantliiparus niveogularis Gould, IS55 . .40 

Birds of Asia, 2, pt. 7 : pi. 67. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1858. 
12.2.37. North India. Collected for J. Gould. Gould Collection. 
Listed as the type by Gadow, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 8 (1883) : 59. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. This species was also 
described by Moore, Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1854 : 140, under the 



390 nivriventer 

name of Orites niveogularis but according to Baker, Fauna of British 
India, 2nd Edn. 1 (1930) : 17, Gould's work was published on 1 
April 1855 but Moore's description was not published until 1 1 April. 

nivriventer — Poliositta azurea nivriventer Robinson and Kloss, 1919 43 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 90 : 17. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1919.11.5.19. Tjibodas, 4-6,000', Gedeh, West Java, (11 Feb. 
1916, on label). Collected by H. C. Robinson. Presented by the 
Federated Malay States Museum, with a female specimen, as a type. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

njombe — Alethetnacclouniei njombe Benson, 1936 . . . .31 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 56 : 100. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1932.5.10.207. Njombe, 6,600', 9.1°S., 34.75°E., 19 Dec. 1931. 
Collected and presented by Admiral H. Lynes, from the Lynes- 
Lowe Expedition. 

njombe — Cisticola aberrans njombe hynes, \933 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 53 : 170. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1933.3.13.3. Near Njombe, Ubena Highlands, Southern Tan- 
ganyika, 13 Dec. 1931. Collected by Admiral H. Lynes and W. P. 
Lowe. Presented by Admiral Lynes. 

nobilior — Sturnus nobilior Hume, 1 879 . . . .62 

Stray feathers, 8 : 175. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1887.7. 

1.34. Kandahar, Afghanistan, 23 Jan. 1879. Collected by Sir O. 

St. John. Hume Collection. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 36. 

nobilis — Chamaezanobilis Gou\(i,lS55 ..... 4 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (2) 15 : 344. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1 854. 1 2.20. 13. Chamicuros, east Peru. Collected by Hauxwell 
and purchased of J. Gould. 

nobilis — Corvus nobilis Govild, \S37 ...... 71 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1837 : 79. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 58. 
12.2.1. Mexico. Purchased of J. Gould. 

nobilis — Myiodynastes nobilis P. L. Sclater, 1 859 .... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859:42. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.772. Sta. Marta, Colombia. Collected for Verreaux. 
Sclater Collection. 

norrisae — Sylvia norrisae'Hico\\,\9\l .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 37 : 28. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1917.1.12.1. Lake Karun (north side), Fayoum, Egypt, 23 March 
1912. Collected by M. J. NicoU. Presented by the Egyptian 
Government Zoology Service. 

notabilis — Glyciphilia notabilis Sharpe, IS99 . . . . .48 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 10 : 29. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1900.1.10.58. Vanua Lava, Banks Island, New Hebrides, (12 



novaeguineensis 391 

Sept. 1899, on label). Collected and presented by Capt. A. M. 
Farquhar from the voyage of H.M.S. Wallaroo. 

This specimen was labelled type by the author. There is another 
male syntype in the collection. 

notabilis — Tanagra notabilis P. L. Sclater, 1855 . . . .51 
Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1855 : 84, pi. 91. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1855.6.12.445. Vicinity of Quito, Ecuador, 1854. Collected 
by W. Jameson. Sclater Collection, (received by him from W. 
Jardine, vide Sclater, Catalogue of a collection of American Birds, 
(1862) : 74). 

See also Hellmayr and Conover, Catalogue of birds of the 
Americas, 9 (1936) : 204, footnote. 

notata—P//7or/5«orara Gould, 1867 48 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (3) 20 : 269. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1881.5.1.5558. Cape York District of Queensland, Australia. 
Gould Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

notatus — Cyornis tricolor natatus'^h\?,i\Qr,\93Q> . . . .37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 50 : 70. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1925.12.23.836. Gund, Kashmir, 26 May 1896. Collected by J. 
Davidson. Davidson Bequest. 

notatus — Picolaptes notatus Eyton, 1852 ..... 2 
in Jardine, Contributions to Ornithology, 1 852 : 26. Holotype, 
Adult. Reg. no. 1881.2.18.196. No locality. Eyton Collection; 
purchased of E. Gerrard. 

notosticta — PeucaeanotostictaP.L. Sclater, 1868 . . .49 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1868 : 322. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1885.12.14.993. South Mexico. Collected by A. Boucard. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 

nova — Rhipidura rufidorsa nova Mathews, 1928 .... 37A 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 48 : 92. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.20.1319. Pariman, Mimika River, Dutch New Guinea, 
7 Nov. 1910. Collected by C. H. B. Grant. Presented by the 
subscribers to the British Ornithologists' Union Expedition to Dutch 
New Guinea. 

novaeguineensis — Piezorhynchus alecto novaeguineensis Mathews, 

1928 38 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 48 : 93. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1911.12.20.1448. (Wakatimi, on label), Mimika River, Dutch 
New Guinea, 12 March 1911. Collected by C. H. B. Grant. Pre- 
sented by the subscribers to the British Ornithologists' Union 
Expedition to Dutch New Guinea. 

novaeguineensis — Setosura threnothorax novaeguineensis Mathews, 

1928 37A 



392 novaeseelandiae 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 48 : 92. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.20.1292. 40 miles up Mimika River, Dutch New Guinea, 
12 Feb. 1910. Collected by G. C. Shortridge. Presented by the 
subscribers to the British Ornithologists' Union Expedition to Dutch 
New Guinea. 

novaeseelandiae — Alauda novaeseelandiae Gmelin, nS9 . 19 

Systema Naturae, 1, pt. 2 : 799. Holotype, Unsigned finished 
painting. Queen Charlotte Sound, South Island, New Zealand 
7 Nov. 1774. No. 143 in Forster, Unpublished water-colour . . . 
drawings made during Cook's second voyage. Library of the 
Zoology Department, British Museum (Natural History). Vide 
Lysaght, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Hist. Ser., 1 (1959) : 305. 

novaezeelandiae — Parus novaezeelandiae Gmelin, \1S9 . . .36 
Systema Naturae, 1, pt. 2 : 1013. Holotype, unsigned finished 
painting. Dusky Sound, South Island New Zealand, 20 April 
1789. No. 166/// Forster, Unpublished water-colour . . . drawings 
made during Cook's second voyage. Library of the Zoology Depart- 
ment, British Museum (Natural History). Vide Lysaght, Bull. Brit. 
Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Hist. Ser., 1 (1959) : 310. 

nuchalis — Garrulax nuchalis Godwin-Austen, 1 876 . . 323 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 18:411. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1895.7.14.1920. Lhota-Naga Hills, south Assam, 21 
Jan. 1 876. Collected by M. T. Ogle for A. W. Chennell. Godwin- 
Austen Collection. 

nuchalis — Grallaria nuchaUs P. L. Sclater, 1859 .... 4 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 :441. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1889.9.20.615. Rio Napo, Ecuador. Collected for Verreaux. 
Sclater Collection. 

nuchalis — Parus nuchalis itrdon, X'iAA . . . . .42 

Madras J. Lit. Sci., No. 31, 13 : 131. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1846.4.30.35. Eastern Ghats, India. Collected for and pre- 
sented by T. C. Jerdon. 

Jerdon, Birds of India, 2 (1862) : 279, implies that he had only the one 
specimen, and the above specimen was presented together with 
types of other species. 

nuchalis — Pomatorhinus nuchalis Tweeddale, 1877 . . . . 32B 
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 20 : 535. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1888.4.20.69. Karen-nee, 3,000', north-east Tenasserim, 5 
March 1874. Collected by R. G. W. Ramsay. Tweeddale 
Collection. 
See Ramsay, Ibis, (4) 2 (1878) : 134. 

nuchalis — Sycobius nuchalis Elliot, 1859 . . . . .61 

Ibis, (1) 1 : 393. Holotype, Adult (female vide Sharpe, Cat. Bds. 
Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 478). Reg. no. 1859.6.28.5. Gaboon, 
French West Africa. Collected for and purchased of Verreaux. 



nyika 393 

nuerensis — Calamocichia leptorhyncha nuerensis Lynes, \9 14 . 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 33 : 130. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1919.12.17.453. Lake No, Nuer, Upper White NUe, 25 Feb. 1914. 
Collected by Admiral H. Lynes. Presented by A. Chapman and 
Admiral H. Lynes. 
The described female syntype is also in the collection. 

nyasa — Cisticola erythrops nyasa Lynes, 1930 . . . .35 

Ibis, (12) 6, Supplement : 374. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 

no. 1920.10.25.10. Chirimo, Ruo District, Nyasaland, 9 April 
1918. Collected and presented by R. C. Wood. 

nyasae — Amydrus nyasae Shelley, 1 898 . . . . .62 

Ibis, (7) 4 : 557. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1898.5.1.35. 
Nyasaland. Collected by A. Whyte and McClounie, {vide Sharpe, 
Hist. Coll. Brit. Mus., 2 (1906) : 476). Presented by A. Sharpe. 
The female syntype is in the collection. 

nyasae — Anoinalospiza imberbis nyasae Benson, 1938 . . .61 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 58 : 112. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1938.4.13.2. Dowa, 4,000', central Nyasaland, 19 Sept. 1937. Col- 
lected and presented by C. W. Benson. 

nyasae — Erythrocercus nvasae Ogilvie-Grant, 1912 . .38 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 29 : 115. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1912. 

6.17.1. Near Lake Pamalombe, Nyasaland, 12 Sept. 1911. Col- 
lected and presented by R. Newstead. 

nyasae — Hvphantornis nyasae Shelley, 1 844 . . .61 

Ibis, (6) '6 : 20. Syntype, Aduh. Reg. no. 1893.6.1.226. Milanji 
Plains, Nyasaland, Aug. 1892. Collected by A. Whyte. Pre- 
sented by Sir H. H. Johnston. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

nyasae — Pseudoalcippe pyrrhoptera nyasae Benson, 1 939 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 59 : 43. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1939.1.12.2. Nyakhowa Mountain, near Livingstonia, Nyasaland, 
13 Oct. 1938. Collected and presented by C. W. Benson. 

nyassae — Anthreptes longmari nyassae ^^'^ma.nn, \9(i6 . . . 46 
Orn. Mber., 14 : 7. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897.11.4. 
260. Lahengula, Zomba, Nyasaland, 27 July 1897. Collected by 
A. Whyte. Presented by Sir H. H. Johnston. 

nyassae — Brady pterus nvassae Shelley, 1893 . . . .35 
7^/5,(6)5:16. Holotype, Adult. Reg.no. 1892.9.10.92. Milanje 
Plateau, 6,000', South Nyasaland, 26 Oct. 189L Collected by A. 
Whyte. Presented as the type by Sir H. H. Johnston. 

nyika — Cisticola aberrans nyika Lynes, 1930 . . . .35 

Ibis, (12) 6, Supplement : 564, pi. 17. Holotype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1897.11.4.246. Nyika Plateau, 6,500', North Nyasaland, 
June 1896. Collected by A. Whyte. Presented by Sir Harry 
Johnston. 



394 nyikae 

nyikae — Mirafraafricana nyikae Benson, 1939 . . .17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 59 : 85. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1939.1.12.3. Nyika Plateau, 8,000', Nyasaland, 6 July 1938. Col- 
lected and presented by C. W. Benson. 

nyikae — Othyphantes stuhlmanni nyikae Benson, 1938 . . .61 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 58 : 112. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1938.4.13.1. Nyika Plateau, 8,000', North Nyasa, 12 Nov. 1937. 
Collected and presented by C. W. Benson. 

nyikensis — Muscicapa nyikensis Shelley, 1899 . . . .37 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 8 : 35. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1897.11.4.80. Nyika Plateau, 6,000-7,000', Nyasaland, (June 
1896, on label). Collected by A. Whyte. Presented by Sir H. H. 
Johnston. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

nyikensis — Nectarinia johnstoni nyikensis. See appendix, Correc- 
tions and Additions, vol. 2 ...... 46 

nyong — Acrocephalus baeticatus nyong Bannerman, 1936 35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 57 : 9. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1920.6.26.437. AkonoUnga, Nyong River, South Cameroons, 4 

Jan. 1913. Collected and presented by G. L. Bates. 
oatesi — Garrulus oatesi Sharpe, 1896 ...... 71 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 5 : 44. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1904. 
12.12.172. (Taungdwin, on label). Upper Chindwin, Burma, 24 
April 1904. Collected for and presented by A. Mears. 

oatesi — Hydrornis oatesi Hume, 1 873 . . . . . .12 

Stray Feathers, \ -.All. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1887.5.1.39. 
East Pegu Hills, Central Burma, 16 April 1873. Collected by E. W. 
Oates. Hume Collection. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

oatesi — Siva cyanuroptera oatesi Harington, 1913 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 33 : 62. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1894.7.3. 
58. Mount Byingyi, 6,200', Shan States, Burma, March 1894. 
Collected and presented by E. W. Oates. 

oatesi — Urocichla oatesi Rippon, 1904 ..... 32B 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 14 : 83. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1305.9.10.536. Mount Victoria, 6,500', South Chin Hills, Burma, 
12 Mar. 1904. Collected and presented by G. Rippon. 

oatesii — Bradyornis oatesii Sharpe, 1881 . . . . .37 

in Oates, Matabeleland and the Victoria falls. Appendix, : 314. 
Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1879.9.7.114. First Makalaka 
Kraal, Zambesi Road, Matabeleland, 20 August 1874. Collected 
by F. Oates. Presented by W. E. and C. G. Oates. 

This specimen was labelled as the type by the author, but two 
other syntypes are in the collection. 



obscurior 395 

obbiensis — Spizocorys obbiensis Witherby, 1905. . . . .17 

Ibis, (8) 5 : 514. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1908.5.28.104. 
Obbia, east coast of Somaliland, 12 Jan. 1903. Collected by and 
purchased of A. E. Hamerton. 

obscura — Anthocichla phayrei obscura Delacour, 1927 . .12 

Bull. Brit. Om. CI., 47 : 155. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1927.6.5.5. Lake Babe, north-east Tonkin, French Indo-China, 
12 Dec. 1926 (20 Dec, on label). Collected by J. Delacour, W. P. 
Lowe, and F. Jabouille, on the 3rd Anglo-French Expedition to 
French Indo-China. 

obscura — Corythocichlabrevicaudata obscura Delacour, 1921 . . 32B 
Bull. Br. Om. CI., 47 : 161. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1927.6.5.16. Tarn Dao, central Tonkin, 2 Dec. 1926. Collected 
by J. Delacour, P. Jabouille & W. P. Lowe on the 3rd Anglo- 
French Expedition to Indo-China. 

obscura — Muscicapa obscura Horsfield, 1821 .20 

Trans. Linn. Sac. Lond., 13 : 146. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1860. 
4.16.120. Java. Collected by T. Horsfield and presented by the 
Honourable East India Company Museum. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

obscura — Siphia obscura Sharpe, \S8l . . ,54 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1881 : 789. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1881.5.1.1346. "Borneo" (= South-east Brazil, vide Hellmayr and 
Conover, Catalogue of birds of the Americas, 8 (1935) : 521). Gould 
Collection. 

obscura — Stachyridopsis rufifrons obscura E. C. S. Baker, 1917 . 32B 
Bull. Br. Om. CI., 38 : 10. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1916. 
12.27.865. Klong Bang Lai, Siam, 20 Jan. 1916. Collected and 
presented by E. G. Herbert. 

This is the author's selected male. His selected female syntype is 
also in the collection. 

obscura — Suya obscura Hume, 1 874 . . . . .35 

Stray Feathers, 2 : 507. Holotype, Immature female. Reg. no. 

1877.6.5.2. Dunna, Cashmere, August 1874. Collected by and 
purchased by J. Biddulph. 

obscura — Sylvia obscura King, 1828 ...... 6 

Zool. J., Lond., 3 : 429. Syntype, Adult (bill broken). Reg. no. 
Old Vellum Cat. 14.359a. Straits of Magellan, 1827. Collected 
and presented by Capt. P. P. King. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 

obscurior — Alcippe obscurior Ogilvie-Grant, 1906 . . 32B 

Bull. Br. Om. CI., 16 : 121. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1907.12.12.63. Mount Morrison, 9,000', central Formosa, Feb. 
1906. Collected by and purchased of W. Goodfellow. 
There is also a female syntype in the collection. 



396 obscurior 

obscurior — Ciniivris obscurior Ogilvie-Grant, 1894 . . .46 

Bull. Brit. Orii. CI., 3 : 50. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897. 

5.13.46. (La Trinadad, on label) Benguet District, north-west 
Luzon, Philippines, 25 Feb. 1894. Collected by J. Whitehead. 
Presented by the subscribers to the Whitehead Expedition. 
A female syntype is also in the collection. 

obscurior — Yuhina occipitalis obscurior RothschUd, 1921 . . 32B 
Novit. ZooL, 28 : 42. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1921.7.15. 
357. Lichiang Range, 11,000-12,000', north-west Yunnan, 1918. 
Collected by G. Forrest and presented by Stephenson Clarke. 
There are ten other syntypes in the collection. 

obscurum — Z)/faet/7» ofoa/n//H Ogilvie-Grant, 1894 . .45 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 3 : 50. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1897. 
5.13.48. La Trinadad. Benguet District, Luzon, Philippines, 17 Feb. 
1894. Collected by J. Whitehead. Presented by the subscribers 
to the Whitehead Expedition. 

Labelled as type by the author. The female syntype is also in the 
collection. 

obscurus — Nectarinia obscurus Jardine, 1843 . . . .46 

Naturalist's Library 13, Ornithology, 5 Sunbirds, : 253 (Also in, 

Illustrations of Ornithology (new series), (1843) : pi. 51). Syntype, 

Adult male (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1847.1.18.36. Fernando 

Po. Collected by and purchased of L. Eraser; from the Niger 
Expedition. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

obscurus — Poniatorhinus obscurus Hume, IS13 . . . 32B 

Stray Feathers, 1 : 7. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1886.10. 
1.3508. Mount Aboo, Rajputana, India, 20 May 1868. Hume 
Collection. 
There is a second female syntype in the collection. 

obscurus — Pyrocephalus obscurus Gould, 1 839 .... 9 
Zoology of the voyage of H.M.S. Beagle, 3, Birds : 45. Holotype, 
Immature or female (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1855.12.19.389. 
Lima, Peru, August. Collected by C. Darwin. Purchased of the 
Zoological Society of London. 

obsoleta — Grallaria nuchalis obsoleta Chuhh, \9\6. .... 4 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 36 : 47. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1916. 

8.24.46. West side of Pichincha Mt., 12,000'. Ecuador, Nov. 

1914. Collected by W. Goodfellow and presented by E. J. Brook. 

Chubb had an example of either sex but only described the male. 

occidens — Cisticola e.ximia occidens Lynes, \930 . .35 

Ibis, (12) 6, Supplement : 178, pi. 7. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1912.12.26.63. Rirn, northern Nigeria, 4 Jan. 1912. Collected 
and presented by Capt. J. J. Brocklebank. 



occidentalis 397 

occidentalis — Accentor modularis occidentalis Hartert, 1910 . . 30 
Brit. Bds., 3 : 313. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1936.10.15. 
10. Tring, Hertfordshire, 10 April 1893. Presented by the 
American Museum of Natural History, from the Rothschild Collec- 
tion. 

occidentalis — Catharus occidentalis V. I.. Sc\dAQr,\%59 . . .31 
Proc. zool. Sac. Lond., 1859 : 323. Syntype, Adult (female on 
label). Reg. no. 1886.8.2.6. Totontepec, Mexico. Collected by 
Boucard. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as type by Sclater, Catalogue of a collection of American 
Birds, 1826: 1. 

occidentalis — Certhionyx occidentalis Ogilvie-Grant, 1909 . . 48 
Ibis, (9) 3 : 658. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1905.12.26.131. 
Gascoyne River, Carnarvon, Western Australia, 19 August 1906. 
Collected by G. C. Shortridge. Presented by W. E. Balston. 

occidentalis — Chlorocichla occidentalis Sharpe, IS81 . .21 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 6 : 113, pi. 8. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1876.5.23.629. Ovaquenyama, Damaraland, 28 May 1867. 
Collected by C. J. Andersson. Sharpe collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

occidentalis — Conopophaga aurita occidentalis Chubb, 1917. . . 5 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 38 : 34. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1859. 
7.6.62. Rio Napo, Ecuador. Probably collected by Villavicencio ; 
purchased of J. Gould, vi'ho obtained it from Verreaux. 
The female syntype is in the collection. 

occidentalis — Dendrocitta formosae occidentalis Ticehurst, 1925 . 71 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 46 : 22. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1886.3.1.702. Simla, north-west Himalayas, 12 Dec. 1880. 
Collected by A. O. Hume. Hume Collection, 

occidentalis — Muscivora occidentalis F.L. Sclater, I860. . . 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1860 : 282. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.807. Babahoyo, Ecuador, Aug. 1859. Collected by L. 
Eraser. Sclater Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

occidentalis — Oryzoborus occidentalis P. L. Sclater, 1 860 . . 59 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 276. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.2.10.86. Babahoyo, Ecuador, Aug. 1859. Collected by 
L. Eraser. Sclater Collection. 

occidentalis — Passer occidentalis ShtWey, \%82) . . .61 

Ibis, (5) 1 : 548, New name for Pyrgita simplex Swainson, 1837. 
which is preoccupied. The specimen referred to by Sharpe, Cat. 
Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 337 as the type is that examined by 
Shelley when proposing the new name. 



398 occidentalis 

occidentalis — Procnias occidentalis P. L. Sdater, IS55 .52 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loncl., 1854 (publ. 1855) : 249. Holotype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1885.6.12.5. Bogota, Colombia, 1853. Collected 
for Argent. Sclater Collection. 

Since the description refers only to the male and makes no mention 
of the very different female plumage it would appear that the female 
specimen listed by Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 1 1 (1886) : 52, is not 
a syntype. 

occidentalis — Pterythius xanthochloris occidentalis Harington, 1913. 32B 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 33 -.SI Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1888. 
5.30.237. Dehra, north-west Himalayas. Collected by G. F. L. 
Marshall. Tweeddale Collection. 

occidentalis — Salpornis salvadorii occidentalis Clarke, 1914 . . 44A 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CL, 33 : 94. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1914.1.9. 
1. Ankpa, northern Nigeria. Collected and presented by S. R. 
Clarke. 

occidentalis — Schetbarufa occidentalis T>Q\diCO\xx,\93\ . .24 

Oiseau, (n.s.) 1 :485. Holytype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1931.8.18. 
3249. Tabiky, west of Ankosoabo, south-west Madagascar, 11 
Nov. 1929. Collected by J. Delacour on the Archbold-Vernay 
Expedition. 

occidentis — Zosterops palpebrosa occidentis Ticehurst, 1 927 . . 47 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 47 : 88. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1886. 
12.1.1613. Simla, north-west Himalayas, 19 Oct. 1880. Collected 
by W. Davison. Hume Collection. 

occipitale — Pyrgisoma occipitale Salvin, 1878 . . . .49 

Ibis, (4) 2 : 446. Syntype, Adult (= immature, vide Sclater and 
Salvin, Biol. Centr.-Amer., 1 (1886) : 404). Reg. no. 1885.12.14. 
1364. Savana Grande, Guatemala, 1862. Salvin Godman Col- 
lection. 

This specimen was figured in Sclater and Salvin, Exotic Orni- 
thology (1868) : 64, and was referred to as the type by the author. 
There are other syntypes in the collection. 

occipitales — Yuhina occipitales Wodg^on, \^36 . . . 32B 

Asiat. Res., 19 : 166. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 
1843.1.13.371. Nepal. Collected and presented by B. H. Hodgson. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

occipitalis — Chlamydodera occipitalis Gould, 1875 . . .69 
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 16 : 429. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1881.5.1.1779. New Guinea (Corrected to Port Albany, 
northern Australia vide Gould, Birds of New Guinea, 1 (1879): 
text to pi. 45. Jardine given as collector). Purchased of E. Jansen 
for Gould Collection. 



ochraceus 399 

ocellata — Spermophila ocellata P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1866 . 59 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1866 : 181. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.2.10.164. Nauta, Ucayuli River, East Peru, (17 April 
1865, on label). Collected by E. Bartlett. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 131. 
This is the author's selected male syntype, his selected female syntype 
and other male syntypes are also in the collection. 

ocellatus — Harporhynchus ocellatus P. L. Sclater, 1862 . .29 

Proc. zool. Soc. Land., 1862 : 18, pi. 3. Holotype, Adult male. 

Reg. no. 1886.8.2.209. Oaxaca, southern Mexico, Nov. 1860. 
Collected by A. Boucard for A. Salle. Sclater Collection. 

ochracea — Loxops ochracea Rothschild, 1893 . .55 

Ibis, (6) 5 : 112. also Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 1 : 16. Syntype, Adult 
male. Reg. no. 1939.12.9.62 (collector's no. 1708). Mauai, Sand- 
wich Group, (10 August 1892, on label). Collected by N. C. 
Palmer. Rothschild Bequest. 

A female syntype is also in the collection. No holotype was 
designated and the specimen Hsted as the "type" by Hartert, Novit. 
Zool., 26 (1919): 170, was one of a series of syntypes which included 
the above specimens. 

ochracea — Prionops concinnata ochracea Lynes, 1920 . .23 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 41 : 18. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1920. 
12.22.692. 10 miles east of Nahud, western Kordofan, Sudan, 22 
May 1920. Collected and presented by Admiral H. Lynes. 

ochraceiceps — Hylophilus ochraceiceps P. L. Sclattr, 1859 . . 56 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 : 375. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1886.9.15.313. Playa Vicente, Oaxaca, southern Mexico, 
April 1859. Collected by A. Boucard. Sclater Collection. 

ochraceiceps — Pomatorhinus ochraceiceps y^alden, 1873. . 32B 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 12 : 487. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1888. 
4.20.717. Karen Hills, Burma, (Jan. 1872 on label). Collected by 
R. G. W. Ramsay. Tweeddale Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

ochraceus — Contopus ochraceus P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1869. . 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1869 :419. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1899.4.20.2626. Costa Rica, 1869. Collected by J. Carmiol. 
Salvin-Godman Collection. 

ochraceus — Criniger ochraceus ^Aoovq, \Z5A . .21 

in Horsfield & Moore, Catalogue of Birds in the Museum of the 
Honourable East India Company, 1 : 252. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1880.1.1.4745. Tenasserim. Collected by Dr. Heifer and pre- 
sented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 

ochraceus — Drymocataphus tickelli ochraceus Kinnear, 1934 . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 55 : 53. New name for D. t. olivaceus Kinnear, 



400 ochraceus 

1924 (^.v.) on the grounds of its preoccupation by Mixornis olivaceus 
Tickell, 1859. 

ochraceus — Vireo ochraceus Salvin, 1863 . . . . .56 
Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1863 : 188. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.3.10.109. San Jose, Guatemala, Jan. 1863. Collected by 

0. Salvin. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

ochrocephalus — Muscicapa ochrocephalus Gmdin, nS9 . 36 

Systema Naturae, 1, pt. 2., : 944. Holotype, unsigned unfinished 
painting. Dusky Sound? Queen Charlotte Sound, South Island, 
New Zealand, 4 April 1774. No. 157 in Forster, Unpublished 
water-colour drawings made during Cook's second voyage. 
Library of the Zoology Department, British Museum (Natural 
History). Vide Lysaght, Bull. Brit. Mus. {Nat. Hist.), Hist. Ser., 

1, (1959) : 308. 

ochrofulvescens — Planesticus fumigatus ochrofulvescens Chubb, 1918 31 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 38 : 54. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1905.6.28. 
124. Trinidad, Jan. 1863. Cavendish Taylor Bequest. 

ochrogularis — Seicercus ruficapilla ochrogularis Moreau, 1941 . . 35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 61 : 24. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1940.11.1.1. Forest of Kungwe Mountain, 6,500', West Tangan- 
yika, 22 August 1940. Collected by C. Abdullah for R. E. Moreau. 
Presented by R. E. Moreau. 

ochromalus — Eurylaimus ochromalus Raffies, \S22. . . . 1 
Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 13 1821, (publ. 1822) : 297. Syntype, 
Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1880.1.1.2750. Sumatra. Col- 
lected by Sir S. Raffles and presented by the Honourable East India 
Company Museum. 

Listed as type by P. L. Sclater, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 14 (1888) : 
466. 

ocreatus — Tephrodornis ocreatus Strickland, IS44 . . .37 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1844 : 102. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1847.1.18.33. Fernando Po, June. Collected by and purchased 
of L. Fraser, from his Niger Expedition. 

ocularis — Cryptolopha tephrocephala ocularis Robinson and Kloss, 

1919 35 

Ibis, (11) 1 : 448. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919.12.20.185. 

Langbian Peaks, 5,500', South Annam, 25 April 1918. Collected 

and presented by C. B. Kloss. 
This is the described male. The described female syntype is also 

in the collection. 

ocularis — Cryptospiza ocularis Shax^o,, \9Q1 . . . . .60 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 13:8. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1902. 
12.8.4. Ruwenzori, 10 Feb. 1902. Collected and presented by 
F. J. Jackson. 



oinops 401 

ocularis — Euscarthmus occularis Salvin, 1876 .... 9 
/A/5, (3) 6 : 493. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1888.1.1.387. "Puna 
Island," (erroneous name, vide Hellmayr and Conover, Catalogue 
of birds of the Americas, 5 (1927) : 319) western Ecuador. Collected 
by Yillagomez for C. Buckley. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

ocularis — Mo/ac/V/a ocw/am Swinhoe, 1860 . . .19 

Ibis, (1) 2 : 55. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1898.10.20.365. 
Amoy, China. Collected by R. Swinhoe. Seebohm Collection. 

ocularis — P/!r;'g^//M5' ocw/am P. L. Sclater, 1859 . . .49 

Proc. zool. Sac. Lond., 1858 (publ. 1859) : 454, pi. 145. Syntype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1885.2.10.366. Cuenca, 8,200', Ecuador. 
Collected by L. Eraser. Sclater Collection. 

Listed as the type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 796. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

ocularis — Ploceus ocularis S>rmi\\, \%2'i . . . . .61 

South African Commercial Advertiser no. 144, (vide Macdonald 
and Grant, Aim. Transvaal Mus., 23 (1953) : 98, 202). Syntype 
Adult male (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 1845.7.6.26. Northward, 
of the tropic of Cancer. (South-east Africa, vide Smith, Illustration 
of the zoology of South Africa, ^ve5, (1839) pi. 30). Collected by 
and purchased of A. Smith. 
Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 428. 

ocularius — Drymoica ocularius Smith, IM3 . . . . .35 
Illustrations of the Zoology of South Africa, Aves, pi. 75. This was 
a new name given unnecessarily, and possibly inadvertently, to 
Malcorus pectoralis Smith, 1829 {q.v.) 

oenops — Garrulus oenops Whitaker, 1 898 . . . . .71 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 7 :18. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1939.12.14.1. Morocco. (Tibula, Great Atlas Mountains, 24 May 
1897. vide Whitaker, Ibis, (7) 4 (1898) : 606). Collected and pre- 
sented by J. I. S. Whitaker. 
There are three other syntypes, one of which is in the collection. 

ogilvie-granti — Anthreptes ogilvie-granti Bannerman, 1921 .46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 42 : 9. Holoytpe, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1911.5.31.444. Ja River, Cameroons, 19 Dec. 1905. Collected by 
and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

oglei — A ct inura oglei Godwin- Austen, \Sn . . 32B 

J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, 46, pt. 2 : 42. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1895.7.14.1714. Manbum Tila, 800', Tenga Pani River, near 
Saddya, Assam, 24 Jan. 1877. Collected by M. J. Ogle. Godwin- 
Austen Collection. 

o'mops—Ocyris oinops Hodgson, 1 845 . . .49 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., : 35. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 



402 okuensis 

Reg. no. 1880.1.1.4680. Nepal. Collected by B. H. Hodgson. 
Presented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 

The bill is incomplete. There are other syntypes in the collection. 
This was selected by N. B. Kinnear and is not one of the specimens 
listed as types by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 12 (1888) : 489. 

okuensis — Alseonax niininms okuensis Bates, 1926. . . .37 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 46 : 90. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1926.8.8.5. Oku, west of Kumbo, Cameroons, 7 Feb. 1925. Col- 
lected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

okuensis — Coracina caesia okuensis Baxmevman, \97>% . . .20 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 58 : 76. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1926.8.8.611. Oku, 7,000', west of Kumbo, Cameroons, 14 Feb. 
1925. Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

okuensis — Phormophlectcs insignis okuensis Bannerman, 1943 . . 61 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 63 : 64. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1926.8.8.561. Oku, 7,000', west of Kumbo, Cameroons, 11 Feb. 
1925. Collected by and purchased of G. L. Bates. 

oldeani — Turdus olvaceus oldeani W. L. Sclater & Moreau, 1935 . 31 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 56 : 13. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1935.10.11.1. Oldeani Forest, 6,500', Mbulu District, Tanganyika, 
6 Sept. 1934. Collected for and purchased of R. E. Moreau. 

oleaginea — Eucometes oleaginea SaWm, ISS6 . .51 

Ibis, (5) 4 : 500. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1885.6.8.444. 
Twek-quay Mountain, Carimang River, British Guiana (17 Nov. 
1885, on label). Collected by H. Whitely. Salvin-Godman 
Collection. 

oleagineus — AnabazenopsoleagineusV.h. Sclater, ISS3. . 3 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1883 : 654. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1889.5.20.379. Sierra de Totoral, Catamarca, Argentina, 29 
July 1880. Collected by E. W. White. Sclater Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

oleagineus — Chlorospingus oleagineus F. L. Sclater, IS62 . . 51 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1862 : 110. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1885.6.12.877. Bogota, Colombia. (Collected by Triibner, vide 
Sclater, Catalogue of a collection of American birds, (1862) : 539). 
Sclater Collection. 

oleagineus — Ostinops oleagineus P. L. Sclater, ISS3 . .57 

Ibis, (5) 1 : 154. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1885.7.12.33. 
Venezuela ? 1857. Collected for Verreaux. Sclater Collection. 

olimotiensis — Pinarochroa sordida oHmotiensis Elliott, 1945 . 31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 66 : 19. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1945.19.1. Olimoti Mountain, 9,000', north of Ngorongoro, 
north-east Tanganyika, 15 July 1944. Collected and presented by 
H. F. I. Elliott. 



olivaceiceps 403 

olivacea — Certhidea olivacea Gould, 1837 . . . .53 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1837 : 7. Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1855.12.19.127. Galapagos Archipelago. Collected by 
C. Darwin. Purchased from the Zoological Society of London. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

olivacea — Cyornis olivacea Hume, 1877 . . . . .37 
Stray Feathers, 5 : 338. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1886.4. 
1.3980. Southern Tenasserim, (Bankasoon, Malwoon, 15 March 
1875, collected by W. Davison, on label.) Hume Collection. 

This specimen was labelled as the type. There are several other 
syntypes in the collection. 

olivacea — Hypsepetes olivacea Jardine &Se\hy, 1837 . .21 

Illustrations of Ornithology, (n.s.) : pi. 2. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1886.6.24.254. ?Mauritius. Collected by Dyce. Jardine 
Collection; purchased of E. Gerrard. 

See also Jardine & Selby. Illustrations of Ornithology, 1st ser., 3 
(1835) : 148. 

olivacea — Pachycephala olivacea Vigors and Horsfield, 1827 . . 39 
Trans. Linn. Soc. Land., 15 : 241. Holotype, Adult male (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1863.7.7.41. No locahty (= Tasmania, vide 
Mathews, Birds of Australia, 8 (1920) : 261). Collected by G. Caley. 
Presented by the Linnean Society. 

olivacea — Phragamaticola olivacea Jerdon, 1844 . . . .35 
Madras J. lit. sci., 13, pt. 2 : 129. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1848.4.30.16. Nellore, South India. Collected and presented by 
T. C. Jerdon. 
Jerdon used a Blyth MS. name. 

olivacea — Prinia olivacea Strickland, 1844 . . . . .35 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1844:99. Holotype (relaxed mount). 
Reg. no. 1847.1.18.53. Fernando Po, West Africa, June 1842. 
Collected by and purchased of L. Fraser. 

olivacea — Sericornis olivacea Salvadori, 1896 . . . .36 
Ann. Mus. civ. Stor. nat. Giocoma Doria, (2) 16 (36) : 100. Syntype, 
Adult female. Reg. no. 1897.8.29.26. Moroka, South-east New 
Guinea, 9 Aug. 1893. Collected by L. Loria. Purchased from the 
Genoa Museum as one of the syntypes. 

olivaceiceps — Chlorospingus olivaceiceps Underwood, 1898 51 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 7 : 59. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 

1898.12.14.2417. Carrillo, Costa Rica, 24 Nov. 1897. Collected 
by C. F. Underwood. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

olivaceiceps — Criniger olivaceiceps SMtWty, 1896 . . .21 

Ihis, (1) 2 : 179. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 1896.3.14.35. 
Mount Chiradzulu, Shire Highlands, Nyasaland, July 1895. Col- 
lected by A. Whyte and presented by Sir H. H. Johnston. 



404 olivaceum 

olivaceum — Dicaeuin olivaceum Walden, 1875 .45 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 15 -.401. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1888. 
7.12.115. Karen Hills, Burma, (Nov. 1874, on label). Collected 
by R. G. Wardlaw Ramsay. Tweeddale Collection. 

Four specimens were referred to but this is labelled as type by 
the author. There is another syntype in the collection. 

olivaceus — Agrihrhimis olivaceus Fraser, 1 840 . . .51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1840 : 22. Holotype, Adult female (relaxed 
mount). Reg. no. 1855.12.19.163. Mexico. Purchased of the 
Museum of the Zoological Society of London as the type. 

olivaceus — Cephalopyrus flammiceps olivaceus Rothschild, 1923 . 41 
Novit. Zool, 30 : 263. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1923.11. 
11.424. Tengyueh, 8,000', north-west Yunnan, March 1922. 
Collected for G. Forrest. Presented by Stephenson Clarke. 

olivaceus — Coccothraustes olivaceus Fraser, 1 842 . . . .59 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1842 : 144. Holotype, Adult (female, vide 
Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12 (1888) : 435). Reg. no. 1847.3.12.2. 
Clarence, Fernando Po. Collected by and purchased of L. Fraser. 

olivaceus — Cyrtostomus frenatus olivaceus Mathews, 1926 . . 46 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 47 : 68. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1898.4.30.17. Goodenough Island, South Pacific Ocean, 19 Dec. 
1896. Collected by and purchased of A. S. Meek. 

Renamed C. f. valia Mathews, 1929, on the grounds of pre- 
occupation by Cinnyris olivaceus Smith, 1839. 

olivaceus — Drymocataphus tickelli olivaceus Kinnear, 1924 . 32B 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 45 : 1 1. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1924. 
12.21.173. Bao Ha, Tonkin, 31 Oct. 1923. Collected by H. Stevens 
and presented by the Percy Sladen Trust and Godman Exploration 
Fund. 

Renamed Drymocataphus tickelli ochraceus Kinnear, 1934 on 
grounds of preoccupation by Mixornis olivaceus Tickell, 1859. 

olivaceus — Microtarsus olivaceus Moore, 1854 .21 

in Horsfield and Moore, Catalogue of Birds in the Museum of the 
Honourable East India Company, 1 : 249. Holotype, Adult. Reg. 
no. 1880.1.1.2001. Malacca. Collected by W. Griffith and pre- 
sented by the Honourable East India Company Museum. 

olivaceus — Prionochilus olivaceus Tweeddale, 1877 . . .45 
Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 20 : 536. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1888.7.12.139. Dinagat Island, Philippines, (June 1577, 
on label). Collected by A. H. Everett. Tweeddale Collection. 

olivaceus — Synallaxis olivaceus ^yion, \^5\ . .... 3 
in Jardine, Contributions to Ornithology, 1851 : 159, pi. 81. Syn- 
type. Adult. Reg. no. 1881.2.18.173. South America, 1850. 
Eyton Collection. 
There is another syntype in the collection. 



ongumaensis 405 

oliviae — Sylviella oliviae Boyd Alexander, 1908 . . .35 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 23 : 16. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.12.23.2573. Bamingui River, French Sudan, 22 August 1905. 
Collected by W. Boyd Alexander. Boyd Alexander Bequest. 

olivascens — Cinnicerthia olivascens Sharpe, 1881 . . .28 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 6 : 184, pi. 11. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 
1878.9.30.24. Santa Elena, Antioquia. Collected by T. K. 
Salmon and purchased of Gerrard. 

oliviae — Sylvia oliviae Boyd Alexander, 1908. . . .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 23 : 15. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1911. 
12.23.2249. Near Yo, Lake Chad, French Equatorial Africa, 21 
Nov. 1904. Collected by Boyd Alexander on the Alexander- 
Gosling Expedition. Boyd Alexander Bequest. 

This is the author's selected syntype. The female syntype is also 
in the collection. 

olivina — Elainea olivina SaWm and Godman, ISS4 ... 9 

Ibis, (5) 2 :446. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1888.1.1.787. 
Roraima, 3,500', British Guiana, 19 Nov. 1883. Collected by H. 
Whitely. Salvin-Godman Collection. 
There are four other syntypes in the collection. 

olivina — Tanagra olivina V.L.SclatQr, 1865 . . . . .51 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1864 (publ. 1865) : 607. Holotype, Imma- 
ture male. Reg. no. 1885.6.12.1096. Cuyaba, Matto Grosso, 
Brazil. Collected by J. Natterer. Sclater Collection, obtained by 
him in exchange with the Vienna Museum. 
Sclater used a Natterer MS. name. 

ombriosus — Parus ombriosus Meade- Waldo, 1890. . .42 

Ann. Mag. not. Hist., (6) 5 : 103. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1890.7.13.4. El Pinal, El Heirro Island, Canary Islands, 22 Nov. 
1899. Collected and presented by E. G. Meade-Waldo. 

There are several other syntypes in the collection, and one in the 
University Museum of Zoology, Cambridge. 

omdurmanensis — Alaemon alaudipes omdurmanensis Hachisuka, 1924 17 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 44 : 86. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1916.9.20.1297. Omdurman, Sudan, 28 Nov. 1902. Collected 
and presented by A. L. Butler. 

omoensis — Cossy pha omoensis S\^arpQ, 1900. .31 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 11 : 28. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1901. 
6.15.76. Omo River [south-west Abyssinia], 22 Dec. 1899. Col- 
lected and presented by Dr. A. Donaldson Smith. 

ongumaensis — Calendrella cinerea ongumaensis C. H. B. Grant & 

Mackworth-Praed, 1955 17 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 75 : 23. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 



406 ophtbalmica 

1937.2.17.66. Onguma, eastern end of Etosha Pan, northern 
South- West Africa, 7 Oct. 1936. Collected by and purchased of 
W. Hoesch. 

ophtbalmica — Spermophila ophthahnica P. L. Sclater, 1860 . 59 

Pioc. -ool. Soc. Lond., 1860 : 276. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.2.10.148. Babahoyo, Ecuador, July or Aug. 1859. Col- 
lected by L. Eraser. Sclater Collection; registered as the type. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

opistherythra — Rhipidiira opist/ierythra P. L. Sclater, \^S3 . . 37A 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1883 : 197. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1883.5.30.84. Larat Island, Tenimber Group, 3 August 1882. 
Collected by H. O. Forbes. Presented by the Timor Laut Com- 
mittee of the British Association. 

This specimen is labelled as the type. A second syntype is also in 
the collection. 

oreas — CenrnVe^ oz-eoj' P. L. Sclater and Salvin, 1869 ... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1869 : 154. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1888.1.13.213. Tinta, 11,000', Peru, 6 May 1868. Collected by 
H. Whitely. Sclater Collection. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

oreas — Pitta oreas Swinhoe, 1864 ...... 12 

Ibis, (1) 6:428. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1898.11.10.380 
(number not allocated until 1960). Formosa Mountains, May 
1864. Collected for R. Swinhoe. Seebohm Bequest. 

oreobates — Cinclodes oreobates Scott, 1900 ..... 3 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 10 : 62. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1889.5.20.75. 11,000', Sierra Nevada of Santa Marta, Colombia, 
10 Sept. 1879. Collected by F. A. A. Simons. P. L. Sclater 
Collection. 

oreocincloides — Turdus oreocincloides Hodgson, 1844 . . .31 

in J. E. Gray, Zoological Miscellany, 1844 : 83 (nomen nudum). 
A specimen in the collection was listed as type by Seebohm, Cat. 
Bds. Brit. Mus., 5 (1881) : 160. 

oreopbila — Cettia oreophila Sharpe, 1888 . . . . .35 
Ibis, (5) 6 :387. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1898.9.1.1625. 
Mount Kina Bala, 8,000', North Borneo, 2 Feb. 1888. Collected 
by J. Whitehead. Seebohm Bequest. 

This specimen was labelled "Type" and "descr," by the author, 
but there are other syntypes in the collection. 

oreophila — Saxicola oreophila. See appendix. Corrections and 
Additions, vol. 2 ........ 31 

orientalis — Accentor orientalis Sharpe, l^S3 . . . . .30 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 : 652. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 1881. 
5.1.2163. Batoum, Black Sea. Collected by Huet de Pavilion. 
Gould Collection. 



orientalis 407 

orientalis — Alauda leiopus wqI orientalis Hodgson, IS43 . . . 17 
7/7 J. E. Gray, Zoological Miscellany, 1843 : 84 (nomen nudum). 
Two specimens in the collection were listed as types by Sharpe, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 13 (1890) : 575. 

orientalis — Arses orientalis Salvadori, 1890 . . . . .38 

Ann. Mus. civ. Stor. nat. Giacomo Doria, (2) 9 : 566. Syntype, 
Adult male. Reg. no. 1897.8.29.1. Rigo District, South-east 
New Guinea, 24 July 1889. Collected by the Marquis L. Loria. 
Purchased of Genoa Museum. 
This is specimen b. of the five syntypes listed. 

orientalis — Chlamydodera orientalis Gould, IS79 . . . .69 

Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (5) 4 : 74. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1881.5.1.1774. Port Denison, Queensland, (20 July, 1863 on label). 
Gould Collection. 

Listed as type by Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 6 (1881) : 392. 
The three specimens in the AustraUan Museum, listed as paratypes 
by Hindwood, Records of the Australian Museum, 21 (1946) : 393, 
were probably not seen by Gould. 

orientalis — Cisticola (mentalis) orientalis Sharpe, 1883 . . .35 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 7 : 245. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1895.5.1. 
1161. (Ushanbala Mountain, on label), Pangani River, East Tan- 
ganyika, 1879. Collected by J. Kirk. Shelley Collection. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 

orientalis — Culicicapa ceylonensis orientalis E. C. S. Baker, 1923 . 37A 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI, 44 : 11. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1914.5.6.261. Szechuan, West China. Collected by F. W. Styan. 
Styan Collection. 

orientalis — Fringillaria orientalis Shelley, 1882 . . .49 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1882 : 308. Holotype, Adult. Reg. no. 

1895.9.9.381. Mamboio, Tanganyika. Collected by Sir John 
Kirk. Shelley Collection. 

orientalis — Malacocircus orientalis Jerdon, \S45 . . . . 32B 

Illustrations of Indian Ornithology, 1845 : pi. 19 & text. Holotype, 
Adult. Reg. no. 1845.1.10.17. (Madras Presidency vide Sharpe, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 1 (1883) : 480). Collected and presented by 
T. C. Jerdon. 

orientalis — Merula torquata orientalis Seehohm, 1888 . .31 

Ibis, (5) 6:311. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1887.11.2.2. 
Kislovodsk, Caucasus, 12 March 1886. Probably collected by 
G. Radde (vide Seebohm, Monograph of the Turdidae, 2 (1902) : 33), 
and received in exchange from the Petersburg Museum. 

There are two other syntypes in the collection. (See also appen- 
dix. Corrections and Additions, vol. 2.) 

orientalis — Munia malacca orientalis E. C. S. Baker, 1925 . . 60 

Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 45 : 58. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 



408 orientalis 

1887.7.1.1937. Madras, South India, March 1877. Hume collec- 
tion. 

orientalis — Pomatorhinus ferruginosus orientalis Delacour, 1927 . 32B 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., Al : 159. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1927.6.5.23. Tam Dao, central Tonkin, 2 Dec. 1926. Collected 
by J. Delacour, P. Jabouille and W. P. Lowe on the Third Franco- 
British Expedition to Indo-China. 

orientalis — Pratincola torquata orientalis W. h. Sclater, \9ll . 31 

Ibis, (9) 5 : 409. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1905.12.29.766. 
Umfolosi Station, Zululand. Collected by C. H. B. Grant and 
presented by C. D. Rudd. 
There are many other syntypes in the collection. 

orientalis — Siva sordida orientalis Robinson & Kloss, 1919 . 32B 

Ibis, (11) 1 : 587. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1919.12.20.322. 
Langbian Peaks, 6-7,500', south Annam, 18 April 1918. Collected 
and presented by H. C. Robinson and C. B. Kloss. 

This is the authors' selected male. Their selected female syntype 
is also in the collection. 

orientalis — Stachyris orientalis Kohmson, \9\% . . 32B 

J. F. M. S. Mus., 1 : 236. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1927. 
4.18.990. Sodong Gerok, 3,900', Idjen Massif, near Banjoewangi, 
eastern Java, 28 Mar. 1916. Presented by H. C. Robinson. 

oriolinus — Lobotus oriolinus Bates, 1909 . . . . .20 
Bull. Br. Orn. CL, 25 : 14. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1911. 
4.27.8. Assobam, 2,000', Bumba River, Cameroons, 8 Dec. 1908. 
Collected and presented by G. L. Bates. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

ornata — Formicivora ornata P. L. Sclater, 1853 .... 4 
Rev. Mag. Zool., 1853 : 480. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1880.12.31.75. Bogota, Colombia, 1853. Collected for Stevens. 
Eyton Collection. 

ornata — Nemosia ornata F.h. Sdater, 1859 . . . . .51 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1859 : 138. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.6.12.832. Pallatanga, Western Ecuador. Aug. 1858. 
Collected by L. Eraser. Sclater Collection. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

ornatus — Garrulus ornatus 1. E. Gray, 1832 . .71 

in Hardwicke, Illustrations of Indian Zoology, 1, pt. 5, 2 : pi. 23. 
Syntype, Adult (relaxed mount). Reg. no. Old Vellum Cat. 8 : 13c. 
Himalaya Mountains, vide Museum register. Collected by Major- 
General Hardwicke. Hardwicke Bequest. 

Two specimens were originally received but only one was recorded 
subsequently, vide Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 3 (1877) : 100. 



oxyrhyncha 409 

orostruthus — Phyllastrephus orostruthus Vincent, 1933 . . .21 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 53 : 133. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1933.3.1.5. Namuli Mount, 4,800', 15°21'S., 37°04'E., Portuguese 
East Africa, 8 Aug. 1932. Collected and presented by J. Vincent. 

osburni — Laletes osburni P. L. Sdater, IS61 . . . . .56 
Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1861 : 72, pi. 14. Syntype, Adult male. 
Reg. no. 1861.9.16.2. Freeman's Hall, Trelawny, Jamaica, 28 Apr. 
1859. Collected by W. Osburn. Presented by P. L. Sclater. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

osiris — Nectarinia osiris Finsch, 1872 . . .46 

Trans, zool. Soc. Lond., 1 : 230. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1888.7.1.199. Senafe, North-east Abyssinia, 22 May 1868. Col- 
by W. Jesse. Tweeddale Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

ottolanderi — Pomatorhinus montanus ottolanderi Robinson, 1918 . 32B 
J. F. M. S. Mus., 7 : 235. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1927. 
4.18.990. Sodong Gerok, 3,900', Idjen Massif, near Banjoewangi, 
eastern Java, 1 April 1916. Collected and presented by H. C. 
Robinson. 

oustaleti — Cinclodes oustaleti Scott, 1900 3 

Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 10 : 62. Syntype, Adult. Reg. no. 1892.2.10. 
774. Central Chile (Valparaiso, vide Hellmayr, Catalogue of Birds 
of the Americas, 4 (1925) : 32). Collected and presented by H. 
Berkeley James. 
There are several other syntypes in the collection. 

ovamboensis — Erythropygia munda ovamboensis Neumann, 1920 . 31 
J. Orn., 68 : 83. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1876.5.23.460. 
Ombongo, Ovampoland, South-West Africa, 21 June 1859. Col- 
lected by C. J. Andersson. Sharpe Collection. 
The second syntype is also in the collection. 

ovampensis — PriniasuperciliosaovampensisMdLcdon2i\d,\9A\ . . 35 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 62 : 28. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1876.5.23.231. Ovaquenyama, Damaraland, 23 May 1867. Col- 
lected by C. J. Andersson. R. B. Sharpe Collection. 

owstoni — Nucifraga owstoni Ingram, 1910 . . . . .71 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 25 : 86. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1910.6.4.2. Mount Arizan, Central Formosa, 18 Nov. 1909. 
Collected and presented by A. Owston. 
There are two other syntypes in the collection. 

oxyrhyncha — Poospiza oxyrhyncha P. L. Sclater, 1 865 . .49 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1864 (publ. 1865) : 608. Holotype, Adult 
(female, vide Sharpe, Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 12(1 888) : 766). Reg. no. 
1885.2.10.314. Curytiba, Parana, Brazil, 20 Nov. 1820. Collected 
by J. Nattcrer. Sclater Collection; obtained by Sclater in exchange 
with the Vienna Museum. 
Sclater used Nattcrer's MS. name. 



410 pacifica 

pacifica — Coereba paciJicaF. R. Lowe, 1912 . . .54 

Bull. Brit. Om. CI., 29 : 85. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1884.7.31.198. Pacasmayo, Peru, 4 June 1877. Collected by J. 
Stolzmann. Sclater Collection. 

paena — Erythropygiapaena Smith, 1^36 . . . .31 

Report of the Expedition for exploring central Africa, 1834: Appen- 
dix : 46. Syntype, Adult male (relaxed mount). Reg. no. 
1838.6.9.95. North of Kuruman, Latakoo. Collected by A. Smith 
and purchased of the South African Museum. 
There is a second syntype in the Edinburgh Museum. 

palawanensis — BroderipuspalawanensisTv,'eeddale,ld,18 63 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1878 : 616. Holotype, Adult female. 
Reg. no. 1887.11.20.514. Puerto Princesa, Palawan, Philippines, 
Jan. 1878. Collected by A. H. Everett. Tweeddale Collection. 

palawanensis — Criniger palawanensis T'weedda\e,l97S . .21 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1878 : 618. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1888.4.1.440. Puerta Princesa, Palawan, Philippines, Jan. 1878. 
Collected by A. Everett. Tweeddale Collection. 
The female syntype is also in the collection. 

palawanensis — Dicrurus palawanensis Tweeddale, 1818 . . 64 

Proc. zool. Soc. Lond., 1878 : 614. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. 
no. 1887.11.20.739. Puerto Princesa, Palawan, Philippines, Dec. 
1877. Collected by A. H. Everett. Tweeddale Collection. 

There were several syntypes, a male being sent to Dresden 
Museum by the author. 

palawanensis — Mainatus palawaneensis Sharp, 1890 . .62 

Cat. Bds. Brit. Miis., 13 : 104. Syntype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1888.9.20.320. Puerto Princesa, Palawan, Philippines, 3 Dec. 1877. 
Collected by A. H. Everett. Tweeddale Collection. 
The immature syntype is also in the collection. 

palawanensis — Pliyllornis palawanensis Sharpe, 1816 . . .22 
Nature, 14 : 297. Syntype, (Adult female, vide Sharpe, Cat. Bds. 
Brit. Mus., 6 (1881) : 33). Reg. no. 1876.8.28.7. Palawan, Philip- 
pines, 1874. Collected by and purchased of J. B. Steere. 

See Sharpe, Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond. {Zool.) 2nd ser., 1 (1877) : 333 
for further notes on the type material. 

palawanorum — Dicaeum pygmaeum palawanorum Hachisuka, 1 926 . 45 
Bull. Brit. Om. CI., 47 : 55. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1911.11.16.305. Iwahig, Palawan, Philippines, 25 June 1907. 
Collected and presented by W. P. Lowe. 

pallatangae — ElaineapallatangaeV.L. Sclater, \861 ... 9 
Proc. zool. Soc, Lond., 1861 (publ. 1862) : 407, pi. 41. Syntype, 
Adult female. Reg. no. 1888.1.13.601. Pallatanga, Ecuador, 
(Nov. 1858, on label). Collected by L. Eraser. Sclater Collection. 
There is a second syntype in the collection. 



pallida 411 

pallens — Vireo pollens SaWm, 1863 ...... 56 

Proc. zool. Soc. Loud., 1863 : 188. Syntype, ?Adult male. Reg. 
no. 1885.3.10.108. Realejo, Nicaragua 1863. Collected by O. 
Salvin and Capt. J. M. Dow. Salvin-Godman Collection. 

This specimen is referred to as the type by Salvin, Ibis, (2) 2 (1866) 
: 93. There is another syntype in the collection and the third is in 
the United States National Museum. Deignari. Type specimens of 
birds in the U.S. National Museum, (1961)9 513, appears to have 
overlooked the existence of this third syntype, vide Van Rossem, 
Bull. Mus. Comp. Zool. Harv., 11 (1934) : 416. 

pallescens — AnthuspallescensN\gors&.liorsfvt\d,\%21 . . 19 

Trans. Linn. Soc. Lond., 15 : 229. Holotype, (Immature, vide Sharpe, 
Cat. Bds. Brit. Mus., 10(1885) : 616) (mounted). Reg. no. 1863.7.7. 
31. Australia. Presented by the Linnean Society. 

pallescens — Cercomacra tyrannina pallescens Chubh,\9lS. . . 4 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI., 38 : 85. Syntype, Adult male. Reg. no. 1889. 
9.20.412. Esmeraldas, Ecuador, Nov. 1859. Collected by L. 
Fraser. P. L. Sclater Collection. 
The female syntype is in the collection. 

pallescens — Stachyridopsis rufifrons pallescens Ticehurst, 1932 . 32B 
Bull. Br. Orn. CI, 53 : 18. Holotype, Adult female. Reg. no. 
1932.10.20.1. Gamon Chaung, 500 ft., Sandoway District, Arakan, 
Burma, 9 Feb. 1930. Collected by E. Henrichs and presented by 
J. K. Stanford. 

palliata — Plagiospiza superciliosa palliata yan Rossem, 1938 . . 49 
Bull. Brit. Orn. CI., 58 : 127. Holotype, Adult male. Reg. no. 
1899.2.1.3591. Tutuaca, 9,500', Chihuahua, Me