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Full text of "Uchenyi︠a︡ zapiski Vtorago otdi︠e︡līi︠a︡ Imperatorskoĭ akademīi nauk"

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BBR'fc 6paTbeB% doflp-b GajTbiROBbix'b XVI b^rb, 6oraTOM'b paa- 
HbiMB jiio6aauTUbjiiB 4peBaocTaMB. 

Tomt^otce AnadeMum ape4CTaBHji> CBBURa, C4tjauflbie bmx cb 
nepra MeBTflaro ROfl4aRapa HaHceropo4CRaro Co6opa, aacaflflaro 
B-b^XlI BtR'i BAM vh aaqadit XllI b., b aaBjeneHie b8i> oparoTOB- 
jCBBaro BMii oDBcaaifl aTofi pyRoaaca, ROTopaa BMtcrfe ci» RaB4a- 
RapeMii TpoaiiROB .Aaapbi DpflBa4Je»€Brb R^b nac^y 4parou'fcHBbix'b 
naMaTBBROBi> aauiero 4peBflflro ntHia. Csepx'b Toro oa-b •iBTaj'b: 
a) aauacRy o 4Byx'b 4peBBifiuiBX'b rpaMoraxi* Kaasa McTaediaBa 
a cbiua ero BceBo;A04a lOpbeay MoaacTupfo a npeD04o6uaro Bap- 
4aaBia MoRacTbipio aa XyTbiat. Qepaaa fl3i> arax'b rpauoTi., no 
Mfltaiio ARa4e]iiaRa, otbocbtcb ri* 1130, a BTopaa B'fcpoATHO 

Rl* 1192—1193 r. 06% rpaMOTU Bb B04^BaBBRt 6bMB 40CTaB- 

aeabi bi» 0T4tjieBie iipa oocpe4CTB'b BbicoRonpeocBauieBBaro 
MaTpoapjBTa HoBropo4CRaro a C. IleTepdyprcRaro. C-b uax-b 
CHflTbi 4^a aaAaaia Btpaue chbmrb. b) Bib 4eBb npeD04o6Baro 
HecTopa oai> qaraj'b o jiio6oabiTHOM'b jbctr^ XII b., noutuieu- 
uoM'b Bi» SjaTocrpyb HMnEPATOPCRofi ny6ja«iBofi Ba6jioTeRa, 

VA'b BaX04aTCA BtCROJbRO CTpOKlk ^tTooacH HecTopoBofi. .Aa- 

CTORi> aioTb, oTpuBOR-b a3% cRadaBiB o Bopaci a r^'b6t, apa«* 
DBCbiBaeubifi Maaxy laRoay, 8aK.iio«iaeTi» bi» ced'fc cRasaaie o6'b or- 
RpbiTiB Moinefi cb. Fjida a aoxaa^y cb. 6paTbaBrB. OxpuBORi npa- 
roTOBjaeTCA ARa4eMaRoai'b R>B34aBifo ch ayacBbiafa od^acaeaiflMB. 
c) Pa36opi» (vyqcHia o qacjiax-bM, aanflcaRBaro Kapaj^oub 4iaKo- 
HOMik Bi» 1 1 44 r. 



OT4BT^ BTOPAl^O OTA-SJKHlil MMDBP. AKA4EBI1H HAyRX. XI 

KoppecaoH4eHTOM'b ARaAeMiH A. 0. BbiuKOsbiMh 40CTaBjeuo 
BiiR'bcTie o pyKonHCR XI siRa, apHoa^Jiexcauiefi F. GTpi>jb6yaRo- 
ny. Ho BayMare^bHOM-b paacMorp'bHiH rpaHMaTB<iecRHXX 4»opMi» 
pyRooBCH B BaRepTaaia bocoboA 6yRBbi, yneflbifi na4eorpa<»i> aa- 

\UAI1T1>, "ITO 4BCTRB OTpblBRa COpTaBJAfOTb XVII fl XVIII teTpa^B 

[d, 1 1 9 — 1 34) Cynpac^bCRoli pyRonacB , ApeBaifimaro aai* Kb- 
pMjwioBCRBX'b oaMBTBBROBii ioru-3aaa4aaro OBCbMa, aaRjio^aiomaro 
B'b ce6-h MBaojoriH aa MapTi> Mtcam> cb ooyneaiuMB, oTaocauiu- 
MBCfl Ki> BejBROMy oocTy, cBflTOB ueAbA± B np. Oua 6bua aacat- 
40Baua euie bi> 1 825 ro4y A. X. BocTOROBbiMi> « b aoTou'b aa* 
aenaTaaa MBRJomBqearb ao coacRy, caaroHy ci> ao4*AHBaBRa Ko- 
BBTapoMii. HacTb no4JBaBBRa xpaaaTca Tenepb Bb AH}6sHB'b. 

ARa4eiiBRi> IIpeocBameaBbiii MaKapid^ £BflCROBi» TaM6oBCRi&, 
Bpe4CTaBBji» pa3cyHC4«Hie o rparopia UaMfiaaKt, MaTponoJBTfc 
KieBCKOM-B, RaR'b DBcare^'fc. Bc'fcx'B pyRonacabix'B co^iflBeaitt Fpa- 
ropia B3BtcTao 40 25. 9to oohtb BCR^foqaTejbBo BpoDOBi4B, a 
BMeaHo BoceMb aa npa34aBRB rocoo4afl a Boropo4BHBb]e, ceMb 
aa apa34BBRB GfiaTMX'b a mectb aa 4aa BocRpecBue, ae4tjbBbie 
a aa oco6bie cjysaa. K-b BpoaoB'fe4aM'b fla4o6ao apacoBORyoBTb 
Tpa BCTopflqecRia cRaaaaia o CBATbix'B a 6oroc4yHce6Bb]fi ctbxi> 
aa ycneaie TIpecBHTofi Eoropo4aubi. IlpeocBfliiieBBbiS aaxo4aTii« 
STO Iparopitt npeaMymerTBeaao 004paHcaji'b aaaueaaTifiaieMy b3i» 
xpacriaacRBXii bbtiB — cb. loaafly S^iaToycTy; ae pt4Ro aojb3o- 
Baaca MbicjaMB aai* noy^ieaifi cb. Bacajiia BejaRaro, cb. £oai»a* 
aia, CB. AB4pea KparcRaro, cb. loaaaa ^aMacRaaa b 4pyrax'b, 
aepepa6oTbiBaa saaMCTBOBaaia Taa^b, hto coodmad-b bmii xapaR- 
Tep-b caMocTOflTCJibBbifi. Tajaarb aroro aBcaTeja 6bU'b co6cTBeB- 
ao opaTopcaiH. BBTieaaTaa ptnb ero Baor4a oTauBaeTca BCRyc- 
CTBeuaocTbH), BO qame corptTa Teo.ibiM'b qyacTBOM'b a apoaBRayTa 
CBjibBoio MbicJiK). HanpaB^ieaie B'b 04a'fexi> aponoB'fe4flxi» 4orHa- 
TaqecRoe, bi 4pyrax'b acropBHecRoe. Cjorb biiHax-b rbctuS C^a- 
aaacRiH, Kpoudb a'^ROTopux-b BbipaaceaiB a 4Byxir-Tp6X'b Fpeqe- 

CRHX'b CJOBl*. 

Oti> r. (7. /iJecmyHuea uoAyneuo npo404aceaie iiaTepiajOBi> 4jia 
pascMOTp'fcaia Boopoca o cji4axi> ^jaaaacTBa bi> Bbiatuiaeiii> Fpe- 

<ieCROMl» fl3b]R'fe. 

ARa4eiiBR'b K. M. Apcenteeb aaecb <ipe3BbiHattH0 jio6oabiT« 



XII H. H. >lABbIilOBA , 

Hoe coHHueHie no4nb sarjaeieifb: Bbicmiii npaBUTe4bCTBeHHbiii 
jMiia BpeMeui> llapa Muxay^a 0eo/iopoBH4a. HtROTopbiH ii3i> apo- 
cjaByBiunxca (i»aMii^i8 aroro aapcTBOBauia y»ce yracjn, TaKOBhi: 
KuadbH JbiKOBbi, MeaeaKie, IIoaKapcKie, PoM04auoBCKie, CuuKie, 
CyjeuieBbi. MoHcerb CTaibca, 0T4aaeHHbie hotomkh, aacitaHUKu 
ue ciaBbi, a doraTCTBi>, 4aBuo uxi> 32^bun. Ho apaB4iiBoe e Te- 
oaoTOK) cep4e4B0io opoHyKuyToe B3o6paM€eHie aacayrb axb oTe- 
secTsy, HasepTauBoe 4ocTono<iTeHBt&mHMi> GoHaeBOM'b BamyMi>, 
coxpaHBT-b 4oporifl ujueua bi> naMATB Bapo4a. HcTopia, bo cjo- 
BaM'b ycTopiorpa<i>a aamero, ajonaMiiTBa; a Bapo4'b 4io6yTb bi> 
HeH aaysyaaTb 6ojte 4o6wiecTy. 

KoppecaoB4eBTi> A. 0. FuAbtfiepduHtb coo6my.i'b saoHCRy: a) 
oo'b yu-fejiBmeMii ocTaTKt BajTihrrtix-b C^iaBBBi., 40BbiBi> roBo- 
pjniiux-b cBOHM'b HaptHieiii>, o KOTopoMTi aaMiHaaJfl 4ocTaB.ieHbf 
B'b 0T4'kieBie r. UeiiBOBOio, xoth ctitmaBuo cb aaMbHaBiflMM o 
Bap-feiiy KaiBy6cK0M'b« 

AKa4eiiyR7> H. U. CpesneecKiU hiit;ij11> cboh aayiiCKB: a) o 40* 
roBopBbixi rpaMOTax-b KBajeiiflpocjaBa Bjia4BMipoBHsa HA^eKcay- 
4pa flpocjaBUMaUeBCKaro, y34aBHbix'b Apxeorpa4»ii4ecKoio Kommhc- 
cieio B'b sycjii rpaM0Ti>, Racaiouiyxca cBoiBeBiH G liBepo-3aBa4BOH 
PocciH Cb Pyroio u raHaeiicKiiMy ropo4aMy; 6) o rjaroaasecRyx b 
oTpbiBRax'b, Hati4eBBb]xii B'b 6y6jioTeRit llpaiKCRaro KasBTyaa Tf- 

tpMpOMb y OTHOCBMblX'b Rli HIKMy 4peBH'bilBiyXl» BaMBTByROB'b I ja- 

rowibCRaro BitcbMa.dTii naMflTHMKB npe4CTaB^HH)TT>o6pa3em>coe4y- 
HeBia HeuicRaio yap^b^ifl Cb [l.epROBBo*CwiaBflHCRyMi> ii3biR0Mb. 

Orb r. B. n, /OmK^Huna nojyqeubi aaiwbTRy o CBOBcrBaxii 
./iBTOBCKaro flabiRa. Haptnie, ytioTpeojaeiioe jlyTOBiiaMB bo npy- 
6peHCbiiMi» p. HtMaya, yaaiscTBO lOmReByiy cb Ma.ioj1>TCTHa, 
RaRi> po4Hoe. E]cTo<iByRaMy cjyHcyjH eMy: 1) atcyy y CRasKM, 

CBUCaBBblil CO C.IOB'b Bp0CT0vll04UB0Bl> , TOBOpflBlUXb MBCTblM'b 

}KMy4CRyMi> BapliHieM-b; 2) B'kcBH o Kopo^eBi> Eypyrt; 3) co- 
lyyeuifl EoBCROBa BoaoyqeBCRaro b ^OBROBTa ; 4) FpaMMaTBRa 
lU^eiixepa y coHHBeHiii HeccejbMaya y KypBja4Ta; 5) cRa3Ry y 
Btcuy, aaflBcayubia bii oRpecTBOCTflxi [loBeatHca. 

MBTaBbi BbiBBCRB U. K. KynpiHHoea y3i> o4Boro C6opyyRa 
HoBropo4CRoii Co<iiiiicRofi 6y6jioTeRy. 04Ba hsI) BBX-b ocooeyyo 
3acjyH€yBaeTi> BBBiiaHie, RaR'b BapiaBTb caoBa o uocTaB^iHiomifxi* 



OT^BTb BTOPArO OT^'B.IBBIII UMRBP ARA4EHIH HA7R1». XUI 

Tpaneay po4y h poHceHauaM'b , KOTopoe nonra doctouhho BX04un» 
B'b cocTaBi> c6opuuKOB'b, HaBicTHbiXTi no4i> RBfeuen-b 3jaT0- 

yCTOBT*. 

Ohi> 3Ke OTbiCKaji) rpaMOTy AluTpoao^HTa ^otih ki> Hob- 
rupo4CKoiiy ApxieQHCKony loaHHy II a qeTbipe nepBbJB caTapbi 
Kii. KaBTeMipa 1733 r., SHaHHTedbHo oTdiaqaiomiflCfl oti^ eane- 
*iaTauubi\i> Bi> ero coHUHeaiflxi. 

AKa4eMiiKi> M. A. KopKynom npoieai xpoHOjiorHsecKyio aa- 
u l^TKy o Ha4nHCB ua TMyTapaKaHCROMi> RaMH't. Bi» Ba40HCfl aToe 
u3Ha<ieQ7i To«ibRo 6576 roA'h oti> c. m. b 6 HH4BRrb. TaRi> RaRi» 
6 uu4MRTi» B'b 6576 r. no MaproBCROMy ji'bTOCHBCjeBilo aaRjKi- 
naacH B'b oepBbix'b mecTB Mtcflaaxi) cero ro4a; to ARa^eMMKii 
DojaraeTii , sto KBflab I\i'fe6'b uaAilpflj'b oiHpBBy npojBBa B'b 
naprb 6576 r., RaR^ caMOM-b djBHcaiimeM'b ro BpeMeBB, Roraa 
eme KflMMepificRiii Boc<i»o|rb Be ocBo6o4B.ica .oTi* Jb4a. GeB- 
THopbCRoe Hce ji'tTociBCjeBie bt* XI b. eme Be BCTplsqaeTca B'b 
apeBBMX'b iiaiDBX'b j'bTonacflX'b. 

HBTaBbi BbiaacRB B3i» Tpe<i>Oji6rioBa XV — XVI atRa, Apx%i^ 
MOH&puma Manapin. Cy4fl no nonepRy nacbMa b no oopMaMi* 
fl3biRa, MaRapifi oTBocBT'b Tpe<t>o^6rioBi> R'fi ROBuy XV B4b rii 
BaMajiy XVI b. Bi» pyRonncB noM'Jbuieno tO c^yncd-b, ROTopuA 
nucaBbi ysKe B'b ROBi^t XVII B'hRa. K-b ^Bcjy aaM'fenaTejbBbix'b 
Mi^cTi> npBBa4xte»cBTb o6pa4'b MBoroa'ibTiAt coBepmaeMbifi bi> bb- 
BesepiB PoH%4ecTBa XpBCToaa b BoroaBjeBia FocnoaBa. 

Bcb dTB y«ieBbifl B3CJ'b40BaBiii, no BBBMare^bBOM-b o6cy}K4eniB 
MjeaaMB 0T4liwieBifl« nenaTaaBCb B'b (Kll3BtcT]flX'bi> b,ih bi* aYqe- 
Hbixx SanncRax-bD. 



HaROBeu'b ocTaeTca mb^ ynouliiByTb o ■iTeaiflX'b B'b Ordi^jieBiB 
RacaTejbBo bobob a coBpeMeaBoii PyccRoii cjoBecBocra aopaado- 
pax-b 3aM'b4aTewibB'fcBmBxi> coianeBin. 

IIo npaiiipy npeacBBX-b ro40Bi, 0T4tjeBie 40Boca40 Ero 
BbicoRonpeBocxo4BTejbCTBy r. MaBHCTpy Hapo4Baro DpocBt- 
uieaia 3aii'biaTejbB'bBuiBX'bC04BBeBiAxi>yHeBbix'b a no aaauiBoii 
cioBecBocTR, 4^fl npe4CTaB.ieBifl Bx^ aa BueoHaBmee BOdaptaie 
locyAAPa Hmbepatopa. 



XIV B. U. 4ABbl40BA, 

B-b (cHaBtcTiAXbi) pa»o6pattbi PeAaKTopoMi* ubKOTopbiA b3i 

BUOBb Bblllie4IIlflXl> KBUri> QO HdCTH GjaBJlHCRoS H PyCCKoS OH40- 

joria. El3BaeKaeMi> b3i> dTBxi* paadopoaii raaBUbia ocBOBHbia ubi- 
cjB o coqBueuiflX'b HaB6oA'be aacuyxcBBaiouiBX'b BuamaHie. 

Bropoe nyTeDiecTBie ApxuMandpuma Uop^uptH ycnencKOto bi» 
CaflaficKifi MoBacTbipb, Bb 1850 ro4y. nyTeaiecTBeHHHR-b b% 
qac^i 6orocjyHce6Hbix'b Raarii Fpe^ecRBX-b, ApuHHCRBXi*, FpyaBH- 
CRBxnb, CapcRaxi>, ApadcKaxi* a A6bccbbcrbxi> Haaieji> tuatoMir' 
HecKjfK) oca^Tapb, nacaBayio aa oepraaieBrb Me.iRaM'b nonepROM'b 
B-b 8 4. JacTa. wIio6onbiTabi aaifbTRa a. nopi»Bpia o KpfOROBbixi> 
Raaraxi) fpeqecRaxi*, OTBocamBxca R-b X — XV b. B'b aax'b 
co4ep3KaTCfl , RpoMi Teopia aepRoaaaro • nliBifl , Bueaa D'fccBe- 
c^ararejefi: loaaaa 4aMacRaRa, Crapdayaa a4pyrBxi», axiiMyabi- 
RajbBbia coHaaeaiH, aepROBBue pacotBbi paaflbixii Bapo40B'b — 
0epcB4CRiB, 4>paBRCRiB, BodrapcRiB, Po40ccRiS, Co^yacRia, raRHce 
aepROBBbia nlcBootaifl, oa'b ROTopuxi* bb4bo, <iTo PpeRa npa 
BaaaBTificRBxii uapax'bpaaBooSpaaBbiM'botBieM'byMtja BupaaKaTb 
paa^BiBbia HyBCTBOBaaia xpacriaacRia. 

ElaMaTaaRH aapt<iia Sa^adcRaxi* ^peBJaab b FjaaaH-b, Roppe<v 
noa4daTa ARa4eMiB,* A. 0. Fuab^duHm. dro nepabifi ODurb 
a3c^'fe40BaBia PyccRaro yMeaaro, 40CTofiabifi npaaaaTe.ibaocTa riM'b 
(iodte, "iTO OBi» oTqeTJBB'fce Bctxi* ape3K4e Bbiuie4max'b, a Beo6- 

X04BM'b 4Ja BCBRarO B3CJ'k40BaTeJa BO naMMTBBRaM'b, ROTOpbie 

4o cax'b flop-b ocTaaaaacb a-b aeaaB'^CTaocTa. 

HcTopia PyccRott UepRBa, coiaaeaie MoKapiR^ EaacRona 
TaM6oBCRdro. Pa36op'b BpBBa44eHcarb npo<»eccopY U. A. VucnKH 
euHy. Bi»jiaTepaTyp'k Bameii aaB'bcTBbi Tpa coHBBeaia naBpe4MeTy 
HcTopia PyccKofi UepRBa: MarpoBOjaTa UjiamoHa^ A. H. Mypaeheaa 
a npeocBaiMeaaaro ^japema^ ApxieflacRoaa XapbROBCRaro. Ilpe-- 
ocBaiueaabifi JUcucapiii^ ch p'fc4RaM'B, eMy CBottcTBeaabiifb BCRyc- 
CTBOMii, Bi* cBoeM'b a3o6paHceaiB aepRoaaux^b 4'ikaBifi coe4aaaj'b 
V yseabifi auTepecb cb 4ocTyBBOCTbio aalOHceaia 4<Afl BC'fex'b CTeBeaeS 
Q6pa30Baaia. UoAHora co CTopoBbi aay^ieaia a pa3pa6oTRa Mare- 
piaaoB-b, paBBo a co cTopoau BoacaaTejibBbix'b apaMtHaaiK, crpoii- 
BocTb a OT>ieTjiaBocTb B'bnjiaB'fc, Tonaocrb bi* aaJOHceaia cofiuTifi, 
cTporocTb BbiB040Bi>, 6e3BpacTpacTie B'b outBRt co6biTifi, aami 
a xapaRxepoBii, aaRoaeu-b npocTOTa, o6cToaTejbBocTb a o6meao- 



/ 



OTIETli BTUPATO 0T4-aJIBUIfl HMOBP.' ARA4BHIH HAyR-fc. XT 

4 % 

llflTHOCTb H3409KeHifl, TaROBhl 40CT0HaCTBa, iiaiOtlUJI HcTopiB 

UepKBH MaKapifl opeeHyiaecTBO Dpe4i> Bbime ynoiiiiH;yTbiMB coqa- 
HeHiBMB o TOMi» Hce apoAMerb. BbimeAiuifi tomt» cocTaBjiaeTi» 
npoAOjiaKeoie HCTopia iLpHCTiancTBa b'b Poccia ao PaBBoanocTOJbaaro 
Kuji3ii Ria^aaiipa u 406040x11 HcTopiio 40 1240 ro4a, bjib 40 
MflTponojBTa KBpa^ua II. 34'ibeb PyccRaB UepROBb paacMaTpa* 
BaeTCfl: a) co CTopoHbi JBai>, ee C0CTaBJfliGiiiBiLi>, t. e. lepapxia h 
nacTBbi; b] co CTopoubi cpe4CTB'b, RaRBMB oaa nojbaoBadiacb, t. e. 
efl yqeaia, 6orocay»ceHiii b ynpaejeHia, paauo KbK'h npaBi> b npe- 

RMyineCTBTi: c) co CTOpOHbl ea a'klB, T. e. Btpbl B HpaBCTBCBBOCTB 

ea Ha4i» a d) co CTopoubi ea BH'ikmBBX'b OTHomeHifi ri» 4pyraiiii 
aepRBaMi* a pewiBrio3HbiMi> o6mecTBaMi>. 

FpaMOTbi, Racaiomiaca cBomeaitt C'6Bepo-3aDa4aoS Poccia cb 
Paroio B rauaeficRBMB ropo4aiiB bi XII, XIII a XIV b., Ha&4eHbi 
B-b PanccROM-b apxBB-b K. 0, HimiepcKUMn a a34aHbi Apxeorpa^a- 
•lecROH) KoMMBccieio. [l3CJ'lk40BaTe4H oTeHecTBeflBbixi* 4peBfl0CTefi 
oui>Harb sto hoboc BCjiaROdtaHoe B34aHie, RaRii 04B0 b3^ caMbixii 
BaHCHbixi> AJis Apxeorpa«i>BqecRRXi> paabicRaBia. 34'6cb B'b otjib<i- 

Hb]Xl> CBBMRaXl* B CnBCRBXl* 04BBBa4aaTb aRT0Bl» XII — XIV B. 

06i»iiCBeBia , npalioxceuobia ri» rpaMOTaiiii>, apaHa4Je»carb Arb- 
4eMBRy A. A. KynuKy. Ka}K4aa b31> aTaxx rpanorb bhocbtb HOBbifi 
caiTb Bi» 4peBB0CTB Pyca b 40CT0&aa oco6aro paacMOTptaia. 
Bc1>xi» BasKB-he no 4peBH0CTa a co4ep»caBiio uapflbia aoroBopi* 
HoBropo4a cb H-bMiiaMa, Roaiia XII B^Ra. 

063opi» PyccRofi 4yi^oBBoii tlaTepaTypbi 862 — 1720 r. 
IIpeocBaiiieBHaro 4Huapema, ApxienacRona XapbROBCRaro, cocra- 
B^aerb 6oraTbifi, rmaTe^bHo o6pa6oTaHHbiii uarepia.i'B 4Ja acTopia 
PyccRoB .iBTepaTypbi. H3C.i'ff)40BaBia asTopa — DJ04'b rjy6oRoJi 
a ocBOBaTejbHofi y«ieHocTa, o6inapBaro aaaRoHCTBa se TOJbRo cb 
4peBHeio nacbMeHBOCTbio, bo a ct» BHocTpaRBbiMa ea noco6iaMa. 
34'fccb 9 Birbcrb cii coqaHeaiaMa Ra)R4aro oacaTejia , npe4CTaBwieBa 
RpaTRO cymaocTb Bcero, "ito mohcbo o aeu-B CRaaarb. 

dcTopifl Cep6cRaro asbiRa no aaMaTBaRaMi», nacaflBbiM'B rb- 
pajdiaiieio, wh cbabb cb acTopieio Bapo4a. A. MaUKom. Bto aa- 
rjaaie yxce yRaabiaaerb aa 4BOHCTBeBBoe co4epHcaBie coRBBeoia: 
04Ha <iacTb 3aRj[io«iaeT'b b'b ce6'fc a3Cwi'b40BaBia daBrBBCTBHecRui, 
4pyraa BCTopiio cy4e6'b Cep6cKaro npaaocjiaBHaro flapo4a wh 



XVI H. H. 4ABbl40BA, 

• 

co6cTBeuHoa Cep6iH , BocHin h 4y6poBBiiRt. Tpy4i> MafiROBa, 
4ocTo&Hiiid npH3HaTejbH0€TB H yBasKeaifl yieabix'b, 4aeTi> eiiy 
npaBo Ha o4ho h31> caMbixi» aoqerubixii MtcTi^ meiKAy nHcaTeaflMiit 

SaHHMaBIDHMHCfl yCTOpieS C4aBflHCKHXl> Hap040BT». 

HcTopifl C. IleTepfiyprcRofi 4yxoBHt)ti AKa4eMiH9 I]po<i>eccopa 
Ha. ?ucmo9ti<fa, aah ucTopiu PyccKaro npocB'ibiiieHiH h cjo- 
BecuocTB — noco6ie ueo6xo4eMoe. AeTopii 6oj'6e Bcero paacMaT- 
pHBa.ii> BHyTpeHueeyHHjHiuHoe ycxpoHCTBo, aaBuctauiie oti» aroro 
ycatxH ynamMxcfl, pasHo h Bci 3aM'b<iaTe.ibHbifl ^BiaocTy m mxi> 
Tpy4bi. 

AKa4eBiBKi> n» n, /Jy6po6CKiU HHTaj-b UHtaie CBoe o nepeB04'k 
3eH4aBecTbi ua IIo.ibCRifi aabiK'b IXeTpaiueBCRBM-b, b pa3cy3K4eHie 
oo'b A4. MBaReBBst, bi> ROTopom-b B3«io}KeHa 6iorpa<i»ifl noara, 
oooapliHbi CTBxoTBopeHia ero b ^eRuifl o JBTeparyptCjaBaHCRBX'b 
Hapo40Bi>. 



Gfiepxb o6uiBXi> aauflTiii 0T4'fejeHiH JBTepaTypnbie Tpy4bi 
4jeHOBi> 6bUB c..ii4yiomie : 

ARa4eMBRi>, IIpeocBauieuHbiH MaKapiU^ oROHiBa'b b B34aji> 
nepBbifl TpH RUBfB HcTopiB PyccRofi UepRBB, o6BBMaiomiB C06010 
nepBhiB efl nepio4'b; HaoesaTajH* HOBbiMi> fl34aHieM'i» Bb 4By\'b 
TOBiax-b npaBocjaBuo'4orMaTB<iecRoe Borocjosie a HcTopiio Pyc- 
cRaro pacRo^a, B3BtcTHarp 004'b BMeHeMi CTapoo6pfl4CTBa. Co 
BpeMeuB HaaHaseuia Ha Kaee4py TaM6oBCRot] eoapxiH, [IpeocBH- 

UieHHblil npOB3HeC'b Odte 4Ba4[|aTB CwlOBb Bptieil, B3'b ROTOpblXlt 

HaneqaTaHbi: P'Jbnb apa noc.it4HeMii cBfluieHHocjiyHceHiB bi> uepKBH 
C. neTep6yprcRoi ^yxoBUOH ARa4eMiB, h Cjobo R-b aacTBt Tau- 
ooBCRoii B-b 4eHb IIpecBBTbifl TpoBabi. 0041) pe4aKuieio Elpeo- 
cBHmeHHaroB34aHbinepBbifl mecTb RHBaxeRit XpacTiaHCRaro "iTeuia, 
r4t DOMimeHbi Tpa BCTopBHecRia cTBTbB Ero npeocBameucTBa. 

ARa4eiiHRi» M. U. Hoioduw^ aaHBMa^ca fl3Cx640BaHiaMB o 
HoBropo4CRofi HcTopiB H H34aHieMT> DflTaro TOMa cbobxi> ..leRuiH/ 
Bb ROTopo&fb 3aRji04aeTCfl o6o3p'feuie ncTopiB 40 TaTapi>. 

ARa4eMBR'b C, n. nieehipeeb apo40jiHcax'b HcTopiio PyccRoii 
CjoBecHocTB, B cb 3Toii u'bjbio oHi) padoTBj'b Bi> 6B6jioTeRaxii 
GBH04ajbHon, locH<i»oBa BojoRoaaMCRaro MouacTbipa a bi> hIs- 



OTRBTl) BTOPAPO OT^-fi^EHIfl HMnBP. AKA4EMIH UAyKli. WII 

KOTOpblXl) HaCTHblXl*. CKOpO npUCTynBTli OHT> Kl> 113430110 TpeTbfl- 

ro Toua HcTopiH CjosecHocTy. 

AKajeMBK'b H. H. CpeaHeecKtU^ RpoM'fc pe4aKaiH HaBtcTiS h 
yneubixii 3aniicoRi», r4^ 6oJbinaa qacTb H3Cjt40Baiiiii hochtI) 
ero BMA, 3aHBMa.iCii H3bicKaBiflMH ntueotpa^HecKiLHU, ue TOJbKo 

CO CTOpOHbl DHCbMeH-b CTapUUUblXlt OaMHTHUROBli , HO H KaKli 

MaTepia.iaaiB 4^11 HCTopiB o6pa30BaHHOCTB. Bi» noc4'fc4Hie noj- 
rfcKa y uacii C4'bjaHo 40BOJhuo Muoro bi» aTonfb oTHOuie- 
eifl, npeflMymecTBeHuo AKa4eMBR0Mi» A. X. BocTOKOBhiM-b ; 
HO ocHOBauiii aajeorpa<i»BHecRiii 40cej'b ocraiOTCii ra&Hofi. Mu 
oTHocBMik pyRooBCB Ri* TOMy BJB 4pyrosiy siRy 6ojte no 
HaBbiRy, 6e3i> D0J0}KBTe4bUbixi> b oape4ijeHHb]xi> ea to yRa* 
3aQi&. 0T4'ikjieHie , ci> ii'fejiifo BbisecTB b3i> oBCbMeHi pyRo- 
DHceB RpBTepiiiy no ROTopoMy bo3mo9KHo 6bi 6bMo onpe4'fejiflTb 
BpeMii Tofi B4B 4pyroB pyRODBC^, npe4npBHfljo cocTasBTb C6op- 

HHR-b GHHMROB'b CB pyROBBCeS B CSeCTB BBCbHeBa 00 B'bRaM'b. IIpB 

co^ncTBiB (hA^JLemH , ARa4eMBR0Mi> H. H. CpesHeBCRBMi* na- 
MflTHBRB 40-MoHrojbCRaro Dep]04a o6o3p'bHbi no4TB Bci, a wi^ 
KOTopbie paacMOTpiBbi 4a3Ke Q04po6Ho, paBuo BecbMa MHorie 

H31> naMBTHBROB-b XIII B XIV B. IIpB aHaaBSBpoBaHiB OaMAT- 

uHROBi> o6pauiaeTCii SBBMaHie ue TOJbRo ea cjoaa b bxti crpoii, 
HO B na onpe4'fe^eHie TepMBHOJonB. KpoM'fe BayneBiH BH'ibuiHen 
HXT> cTopoHbi, RaRi> Bbiuie 3aMi<ieH0, B3CJ'fe4yeTCii B BiiyTpen- 
uee C04ep»caHie , jum udBAe^euiH leprb , RacaioiUBxcB Hapo4Hoii 

HCB3HB. 

ARa4eMBRii H. B, CpesHeecKiU raRHce Dpo40jiHcaeT'b cocraB- 
jieHie CjioBapfl 4peBiiiiro PyccRaro asbiRa no BC'bMi> naMaTHBRaMb 
uauieH 4peBHocTB. 

ARa4eMBR'b A. B, HuHumeuKO aaHBMa^ca pe4aRuieio /Kypnaja 
MBHBCTepcTBa Hapo4Haro llpocB'feuieHiii. Owh TaRSKe Baneqaraji* 
B'i> 04U0Mi> BSi* nepio4BqecRBXi> B34auifi aanajo cbobxti nyxe- 
Bbixi> Ha6jio4eH]ii b 3aMi>T0Ri» o pa3Hbixi> npe4MeTax'b BCRyccTBa, 
cocTaB«ieHHbixi> BO BpeMn nojiyro4BiHaro npe6biBaHiA ero wh 
FepManiB b 4>paHaiB. 

ARa4eMBRi> 77. 77. /Jy^poecKiU nocTOflHoo coo6uia4ii bi* nepio- 
4n4ecRiii B34aaiH cTarbB o coBpeMeHHOMi> cocTOflHiB IIojbCRou 

jHTeparypbi. Oab npnroTOBBjI'b r-b ne4aTB,((MaTepia^bi 4via cpaB- 

I < 

>H. 3AI1« — KB. ▼. — 0T4. I. 2 



XVIII B. B. 4ABbl40BA, 

HBTejfbHaro Bayneuifl IIo^bCRaro flauRa, btp oTHoineHiB K'b BBhiKy 
GrapocjiaBiiHCKOify b PyccROMy. Ha'b btbxi* naTepiajioBii mohcho 

BB4tTb« RaRl» OAHO B TO H<e CJIOBO Bl> o6oViX'h COD JCMeHHblX'b flBkl* 

Raxi> npHHAMaeri) paa^H^Hbie ott6hrb CMbir^a, RaRi> BHoe peieHie 
Bjfl ufkAoe BbipaweHie Bbimjo flax ynorpe^jeHiii bi> xabiRi Ilojb- 

CROM-B, a MCBBeTl* 61116 Bl PyCCR0M1>, B HaodopOTl*. 

0X4*6^6816 Bl> Hb1H'i^mB6M'b r04y np64049KaJO B34aBaTb n04'b 

pe4aRaieio 4ocTonoRT6HB'i;Hinaro CoqjieBa cB06ro, ARa46MBRa 
H. B. CpeaneecKaw, HaeFbcmiH. Oho Han6<iaTa4o: 

1) yueHbion 3anucoKb RHary III. Bii 0T4t^t Jk^ioimte^ aroH 
RBBra aoM'femeHo BocnoMnnaHie np64C'fe4aTejibCTByK)iiiaro o cto- 
j'^tIb PyccRoii FpaMiiaTRRB; b'b 0T4l)Ji'6 Bacji'i^AOBaHifi: 1) 063opi» 
PyccRo^ 4yxoBHo& 4BTepaTypbi, np60CBiiaieHHaro 4>Bjap6Ta, 
Apxi6nflCRona XapbROBCRaro. 2) 4peBH6fi PyccRoH j'^tobbcb, 

RaR'B HaMflTBRRt JBT6paTypH0Ml> , Kopp6cnoH46UTa M. H. CyxoM- 

jiuNoea. Bii 04Hoii flai> c.i'fc4yiomaxT> rhb9R6Ri» yqeauxii 3anBcoRi» 
6y46rB noM'femeBa xpoBBRa r6oprifl AMiprojia, BpBroTOBJi6flHafi 
R'b fla4aHiio r. MypoMmoMt. Bi» iip64BC40BiB ero ri> arofi xpoBBRi 
paacMOTptBbi CDBCRB 6fl, xpaBfluii6Cfl vh paaflbixi* 6B6jioT6Rax'b. 
Caepxi) Toro r. Mypa^ibrB cocTaB4ii6rb BMeflBofi b jiHHrBBCTB* 
qecRifi yRaaaTejb ri> xpoBBR-fe. 

2) UoMJimHUKU u o6pa3uibi napodnaw nabixa u cuoeecHocmu 
PyccKUXb u CjUMRm Sanadnbton. Haiajo aTouy C6opflBRy no^o- 
weao Bi> 1852 r.« BMicrfc ci» Haa'fccTiaMH, apB BbinycRax'b ro- 

TOpb]Xl> BbIX04B4H B JBCTbl naMBTBHROBl*. 

3) Mamepiauoen dAH cpaeHumeubHOio u oSfiHCHumeubHato Caoeapn 
u rpcLHMamuKu T. 3. B'b aTOMT» Tout noMim6Hbi: 1) n6pBaH ^acTb 
CdOBapfl Ma4opyccRaro, A. G. AeaHacbeBa-HysRdBHCRaro; 2) n6p- 
BBfl <iacTb Cjoaapii EojrapcRaro, H, Fepoea; 3) npo4043i(6Hi6 
CaucRpBTo-PyccRaro CjoaapA, K. A. Koccoeuna; 4) Bacj'i^40BaBifi 
^8. K. Fpoma^ o PyccRBxi cymecTBBTejibHbix'b b o PyccRBX'b r^a- 
rojax-B cb uo4BB3RRbiM'b y4apeHi6M'b; 5) IleteMCKato^ o nojbCROirb 
rjaro.it; 6) F. C. AecmyHUca, o HoBorp6q6CROM'L BabiRt; 7) Mu" 
xauMJL Cmaxomma^ C6opflBRi» Bapo4Bb]X'b T6XHB«i6CRBX'b Bbipa- 

3K6Uitt. 

4) Omnembi BmopoMy OmdrtjeHtw AnadeMiu HayKb o ^uAOJatU" 
HecKOMt nymemeemaiu no 3ana4UbiM'b RpanMi* Poccia, KaH4B4aTa 



OT«IBrB BTOPArO 0T4'B4BB1II HMnBP« ARA4EM1H HAFR-b. XIX 

C. n. MiiKyiiRaro. 34'fecb 4io6oDhiTHbi aatrfeiaHin o .laTOBCRoiirb 
aauR'b a o CjiaBffHCRflX'b Hap'fcqiax'b cpaeHHTeJbHo cb ^pyrHnii 
Cp04Hb]lfH aabiRaMH, paBHO B o <iK>pMax'b o6pa30BaMifl caowb. 

5) Chiepm jiumepamypHoU uemapiu cmapuHmixr^ no6!bcmeU u 
cKoatncii PyecKUX6^ A. llbinuHa. TpH poiia aaMaruBROB'b paacmaTpR- 
Baer^ aBTopi»: 1) aoatcTB a CRasRB, nepeaeAeHabia cb rpe<iecKaro 
Ha CTapociaBflHCRoe Bapiqie; 2) dob^cth b CRa3RB, oepeaeaeH- 
Hbiii Ba C^aBaHopyccRoe b PyccRoe nap'biie cb IIojbCRaro b H'fe- 
MeaRaro a3biRa; 3) noaiscTB b cRaaRB ^bcto PyccRia, HanHcaHHbia 
R4B aaoBcaBBbia bii 4o-neTpoBc;coe speMfl. IlaMaTHBRB Bcikx-b 
Tpex-b po40B'b paacMOTp-bBbi no^iTB BCR^ioiBTejbHO no pyRo- 
oHcaiTb, opB qeai-b o6pauiaeMO 6biJ0 BtiBMaflie aa paa^aqie 
cnacROB-b. 

6) HcTopaqecRia <iTeBia o aauR'b a cjoaecaocTa, Raara 3-a, 

7) PyccKxU AiSjitotpa^uHecKtU yKaaameM 3a 1855 ro^'b, co- 
CTaBjeHHbiii AoMSumiMb^ nouoiUHBROirb BB6jioTeRapa ARa4eiiiB. 
[Ipa Rflflrax'b yRaaaau RpaTB<iecRia craTbB o BBX'b, aoMimeaabia 
vh noBpeMeaabix'b B34aHiax'b, a npa oco6bix'b OTTacRax-b CTaTeB 

rfc c6opBBRfl, Wh ROTOpblX-b OBB C04epUCaTCa. B'b ROHIlt, RpOM'fe 

or.f aBjieaia, ecTb aj4»aBBrb aBTopoBi>, DepeB04*iBR0Bx a B34aTe4efi. 
•Iio6onb]THO jAWh aToro yRa3aTej« yaaarb o cocToaaiB jiarepaTypbi 
naineB vh 1855ro4;^. Bcitx'b Raarb, co BRjUoieaieM'b yqe6HBR0B'b> 
Depio4aqecRBX'b a34aHiS, aTjacoBib, 4aH4Rap'rb, 6buo orojo tu- 
cflHfl. Ha-b BBX'b MOSKBO c^BTaTb 04Hy 4eBaTyio qacTb coficTBeaao 
jiBTepaTypHbix-b coqaHeaifi, ocTa^baua OTaocarca Kh pa3ja<i- 
BbiHfb oTpacjaMi* aayR'b <»B3BRo-MaTeMaTHqecRBX'b a 4pyrBxi>.. 
QepeBtcb co«iBHeHifi no npe4ifeTaM'b« aa3biBaeMbiM'b noMOKweneAb- 
HbiMu^ aepe4'b BsamHOEo cjoBecBocTbio c^aniROM-b aejiBR'b; MeHC4y 
T-fcH-b RBRi cocToaaie jBTeparypbi caMoe 6jBCTaTe4baoe cocToatb 
B^ cofodt aayR'b cb aaamabiMa acRyccTBaMB. 

Hcaojaaa npaMyio o6a3aBBOCTbt yRasaaayio bi» nojoKceaia: 
xpanamb u ymeepoKdamb HShiwi^' Otx^A^Bie co^yacTBoaajo a aaam- 
aoMy C40By. Aah yhpaineaia Tpy40Bx cbobxi* a 44a coxpaaeaia 

B-b BBX'b BaSRHblX-b Bap04BblX'b CofiblTlil , OBO noM'6ma4o B-b 

daB'fccTiAX'b aiROTophia 3aBrb<iaTe4bflbia coBpeMeaabia jBTeparyp- 
Bua apoa3Be4eaia ARa4eMBR0B'b a Koppecnoa4eBTOB'b , RaR'b 06- 
paaabi Rpacnopi^iia b nodsia. TaRoau pi<ia ARa4eMBRa, aaaNeaa- 



\\ U. M. AABbl40BA , 

Tare 4>xoBHaro euiiu uaiiierOi MuTpouojuTa Moc^KoBCKaro^ BbK 
coROopeocBHmeHH'bfiinaro ^uAapema^ apoH3HeeeuHbifl hmi> opu 
CBflmeHBOifb KopoBOBaniii rocy4APM Hhoepatopa; Oia AKa- 
4euHKa C. n. [Desbipeea^ ea to me co6biTie; CTuxoxBopeBie Ana- 
4eMBKa, KBfl3A J7. A, BMSMCKOio: En HMnKPATOPCKouy Be- 
auHECTBy Focy^APbiB'fi Hhbepatpbu'B. yRpameaie y^eBbrxi* 
u3C4'fc40BaBiH o6pa3naMH KpacHopt«iiii b nod3iu c4BTaeiii> mu Beo6- 

X04BMblMl> B 4JH BOCIJOJBeUlfl Be40CTaTKa B-b BdUie BpeMfl B3JimB0ii 
C^OBeCBOCTB. 

0T4t4eBie BM'feHfleT'B ceot bi^ oco6eBByio secTb CBOUieBia 

CBOB Cl> BOCTOpOBBBHB B'b40MCTBaMB O BOnpOCa3ll>/ KaCaiOiUBXCA 

asbiRa Bauiero, no BiKOTopbinif OTpacuiiMi>- xy40HcecTB'b, peHec3i> 

B OpOMblUIdeBHOCTB 61116 B6 yCTaBOBBBDiarOCil. HeopepbiBflfaiA 
BOBbia OTKpblTlll, BSOdpiTeBlA fl JCOBepmeBCTBOBaaia BB04AT'b 

BOBbiA noBJiTiA B Tpe6yiOTi» BBiTi cBoficTB6BBbJxi» BbipaaKeflili* 
TaKitfiro BbicoRoapeBocxo4BT6J[bCTBO MBBBCTp'b Hapo4Baro IIpo- 
CB^meflifl coo6aiB4i> OT4iijeBiio oti» 4Biia r^aBBoynpaBJAiouiaro 

llyTBMB GoodlUeBlH B ny64BqBb]MB 34aHijlMfl COBCORl* C40B1> DO 

npoB3B04CTBy aKe^tsflbixii 4oporb. HsBtcTHO, ^To, npo BBe4eHiB 
BOBaro RaRoro-4B6o B3o6ptTeBia, npBBBiiaiOTCA e40Ba Toro Ba- 
po4a, cpe4B ROToparo B3o6p'bT6Bie poABJOCb, bjb obb 6yKMJihuo 

D6peB04flTCA. Ho ROr4a OpOB3B04CTBO yCB4BBa6TCfl« Tor4a p6<l6HiA« 
BaCB4bCTBeBB0 3aBMCTB0BaBBblfl , dautBlliOTCa OTeqeCTBeBBblMB. 

BpeMA B Bapo4Boe ynoTpe6jeBie — caMue ayqmie npeo6pa30BaTe4ii 
flSbiRa; y«ieBbje TojbRo npBCjiyBiBBaioTCA Rb bbmi> b bxi* cjobo- 
flpoB3Be4eBiio 4aK)T'b npaso rpaH€4aBCTBa. 



BoTb« MB40CTBBbie rocy4apB, daBflTifl Broparo 0T4t4eBifl 
ARa4euiB bti BcxeRmeMii ro4y. ^ocTaraeu'b 4b Mbi cBoefi atjB, 
ptmBTi* BauiTi cnpaBe4^BBb]fi cy4%. G-b Bameii cTopoBU, bo Rpafiaefi 
Aiipt, 6bi4oycep4ie peBBOCTBoe rx po4BOMy asbiRy a c40BecB0CTB. 
Ci> Eoasieio noMoiuiio, ubi c4i4ajiB, qro Mor^a. 04yflieB4eBieH'b,B 
npocB'femeflBbiMii pyR0B04CTB0Ai'b Bi>Tpy4axi» aaiDBX-b Mb]o6A3aBia 
Dpedudehmy AKadeJutu^ bo 4io6Ra cBoefi ki> BayRaMi> a oTeMecTBea- 
Boii 4BTepaTypi», Bcer4a ruTOBouy B044ep»caTb BcaKoe no4e3Boe 



OT^ETb BTOPAFO 0T4'«JEHIIi HMDEP, ARA4EM1II HAyRl>. XXI 

aRaAeMB<iecRoe ape4apiiiTie h o6oiipiiTi> RaHC4aro ARa4eMiiRa bmco- 

KOMlk CBOIIMnb nORpOBflTeJbCTBOM'b. Mbl C<IHTaeMl» 40JrOMl> ll3T>flBIITb 

rjiy6oRyfo 6jaro4apHocTb BbicoRoapeocBauieuHfiHaieMy MHTpooojn- 
Ty E]oBropo4CROKiy h C. neTep6yprcR0My Tpiiropiio. nocTOAHHO co- 
4'fcficTByiOiiieMy HaBii» pa4yinHbiMi> ao3Bo.ieHieMT> nojibaoBaTbcii 
sini»eBbiiiii<MOHactbipcRHMii coRpoBnmaMH. Bjaro4apHM'fc b npCTo^ 
poHHBX'b jeTepaTopOB-b , ORaaaBiDBXik naMii yseaoe noco6ie. flo- 
pa4yeMCH , ecjB 6jaroHaMl>peHHbie peBHHTejB BcaRaro 4o6paro 
apeyccbaHiii y40CT0flTi> BBBMaHieMii cbobmi> 6e3KopbiCTBbie uaoiB 
Tpy4b]. Mbl SBaeHi*, hto obb He y40BjeTBopiiiorb 6o4bmBHCTBa 
RBTaTejeS, ape4aoHBTaiouiBXi> cyxBMi> jBHrBBcraqecuBAfb B3bi- 
€RafliiiMi> BCBBbie uaiTbi nodTB«iecKie. TaROBa ysacTb Bctxii 40- 
6bi4ii uayRB: BCRyccTBo 4aeT'b Biifb Hcaaab. ARa4eMBRii oTRpu- 

SaiOTb BCTOHBBRB BOBblXli 6oraTCTrb II3blRa , paspaooTbiBaioT'b 

j'fcTonBCB a 4pyrie OBCbMeHHbje naMHTHBKB 4peBue& PycB, co6h- 
paiOTB ooBci04y B apBB04H'rb B-b cosaaflie cBoeapaBHyio Hapo4Hyio 
pi^ib; nBcaTejiflMi», B4a4'ikiomHM'b xy40HcecTBeHHbiiii> c4obomi», 
ocraeTGJi OBCBBjraTb JBTepaTypsbia 4o6bi<iB yneHbix-b a Bib H'tubiii 

xapria BjaraTb4yuiy? 

ARd4eMiB B 4pyriji yieHbia o6mecTBa« eme He3a6BeHHbifi Ka- 
paM3BBi» roBopfljr'b, He npe4nBCbiBaEorb 3aRouoBi> bh o6mecTBeB- 
HOMy BRycy, hb 4apoBaHiiiMi» RacaTejbuo Bb]6opa ope4MeTOBi> 4>ia 
TBopnecTBa: aHcaTeJB cj'i>4yH)Ti> co6cTBeHBOMy BJeieHiio, a sh- 
TarejB addapafor-b, it6 HBfb apaBBTca, a He Hy3R4aioTCfl wh yRa- 
3aBiiixi». Ho nocBiiniaiomie bcio HcaaHb aayRaMx a Ba6ji04aioiuie 
aa yeniixaMH ax'b a cjOBecHOCTH noiBTaiOTb cbohmi> 40diroM'b 
BHBRaTb wh apaqaHbi Toro fUa 4pyraro BanpaBJeuifl atRa. Hto 
HOBceTi> 6biTb AAB Bacb BaHCflte aroro Bonpoca Bi* HbiHtmHiS 
aoJoxcBTeJbHbiii B'^K'b Ror4a no-BB4aMOMy iiip-b BeuiecTBeHBbiii 
iipe4noHBTa0reB Mipy 4yxoBHOMy? 

jlBTepaTypflbiB npoB3Be4eBiii Bcer4a cjysKaT-b BbipaHcemeMi) 
aoTpe6HOCTe& a BRyca coBpeMeuuaro o6mecTBa; a coapeMeHHafl 
aflTeparypa noRaabiBaer'b , hto Ham^ B^R-b opecjt4yeT'b npeflMy- 

meCTBeHHO Hipi* BH^fcrnHlS, BJB <iyBCTBeHHblfi, B UaJO 3a60THTCfl o 

Mip'feBflyTpeflfleM'b,BjiB a4eajibuoM'b. HayRa, aaaaMaiomiHCfl dTaiHi 

BH'fcaiHBM'b BfipOHly, 06aATe.lbHb1Ml) MOryiUPCTBOM'b CB0BM1> B OpB- 
JO>KeHieMl> R'b 9KB3MH MHOrHXli DflJeSHblX-b, 4aHCe y4BBBTejbHblXl 



•XXII H. H. 4ABbMOBA« 

oTKpbiTifi H B3o6p'fcTeHiK « opuBjeKaH Ha CBOK) CTopoHy uaH6o.«b- 
ui}rio qacTb ^y4inHXi> yMOBi>* Bi> oepaofl aoaoBau'b TeBymaro cto- 
^tTifl Bi> EBpoo'b apoaBtTa^a nod3ifl;,Bi> uacTOJimee apeMa ooaaia 
ycTynH^a oepaeHCTBO BayK'6, B4eajbHoe ^laupaBjeaie yuoBX aa- 
M-feHeuo BemecTBeHHbiMi>. Bx FepMaHiH jepa Hlexiepa h FSre 
yiio.iKja — H utT'b paBHocH4bHaro hm'B TaaasTa , Koropufi 6bi 
Qpo6y4iiJ'b ea cTpynbi. 4'paumfl, eiue rop4aa nHcarejaMB slRa %lio- 
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4po6ubix'b cBtAteiH, ifbi rb eoxcaji'fcHi6Mi» 40.«3RHbi npe4o- 
cTaBMTb dTo 6y4ymeMy ero 6i6rpa<i»y. Tenepb ssrjAHeM'b Ha to, 
md BB4BMi> B-b Aij^axi* ero, h ooc^ymaeM'b ero co6cTBeH- 
uaro cjoBa. 

IIoRoiiHbiil Co«i4eH'b uaini>, ApxienHCK0Di> HHUoReHTifi, .bi» 
nipt Haaa-b AjeRcfceBHi-b 6opHCOBi>, po4BJcji OpjoacRofi ry- 
fiepHiB Wh r. C'bBCRii, bi> 1800 r. IlepBonasajbHoe oCpaaoBauie 
uojy«iHji> oHi} Bi> TaMouiHeH CemHuapia, Bbicuiee B-b KieacRoii 
J.yxoBHo8 ARa4eMiH. 34tcb oosyBCTBOBaj-b obi> 3Ka3K4y 6jaro- 
po4Haro copeBHOBanin, B-b Rpyry B36paHHbixi>, 4apoBHTbix'b ioho- 
ineB, B CO CTpacTiio ape4ajca nayRaMi*. Co^uHeHiA cboh, paa- 
CRaabiBBiorb KopoTRO suaBOiie ero, oui* ape4BapBTe^bH0 o64yiibi- 

BaJli BOOJH'fc BO Bcfcx-b n04po6uOCTflX'b , B nOTOMT) DHCaj'b Ha- 

fi'bjd. Hpeai) 4Ba, Tpa 4Hfi DepecMaTpHBaji* HaoBcaHHoe, h ecjB 
OHO He y40BjeTBopa4o ero, OBcaj-b 4pyroe co<iBHeHie Ha Ty me TCMy, 
HHor4a B TpeTbe, hto6i> npe4CTaBBTb HacTaBUHRaM'b to, RaRoe 
cau-b CHHTaji) jysiDHM'b. Bdb e4HHorjacHO , opo^freccopbi b CTy- 
4euTbi, 0T4aBa4B eiiynajbuy aepBencTBa *). MonamecTBo npBUflj'b 
OHX Bii 1824 ro4y, a B'b 1826 r. y»ce 6MA'h HHcneKTopoM'b 
C. DeTepdyprcRoii 4yxoBHofi ARa4eMiH. 34'fccb B03Be4eHi> ou-b na 
BbicuiyK) yqenyio CTeneHb — ^oKTopa BorocjioBia. 0TCi04a, bii 
183b ro4yi oepeBe4eH'b bi Kieai* PeRTopoM'b ARa4eMiH, ci> 3Ba* 
HieMi> IIpo<»eccopa ; Bb 1836 ro4y nocBameH-b bi> EnHCRoau. Cii 
dToro BpeMeHB aaHBMaj'b OH-b m^cto KieBCRaro BHKapia no 1840 
ro4i>, Kor4a Ha3Ha«ieu'b 6h\A'h na oacTay bi> Bojior4y« a bi> cji'fe- 
4yiouJieM'b ro4y bi» XapbROB^. Tor4a nee on-b npBcyTCTBoaaji'b B-b 
CBarikfimeMi> Ghho4'6* Bii cani ApxienHCRoHa aepeM-fcmeH'b bi» 
04eccy, rsh a ocraaa^cfl 40 caMoft ROHiaabi. 

CrfcT«ibitt yv'b, o6mBpHafl naaaTb, TBopnecRoe BOo6paHceHie, 
ncecTopoHHfla ynenocTb, y&ieRaTejibHoe RpacHopt<iie, Be^HqecTBen- 
Hbitt R 6jiaroji'fcnHbi8 6H4'b — Bcb jiyqmie 4apbi He6a coe4BHHjiHf b 



*) llpeorBRmcRHbiM Manapiu^ B'fc rtiorpa^imecKoil nanNCKli 0^% Hiihokchtiii. 



0THET1» BTOPArO OTJ-fiJBHlll hImHEP. AKA4EMIH HAyRli. \\IX 

Bi» fiauieMii ApxaoacTupt. l>*iH3Riii RxnoRoiiBOMy noaniiHeuHbiii *) 
TaRT» ooBCUBaerb B^a^biRy : «4acTo o^hhmi> eaopoMh h: ua- 
HOBeBieirb BHyinajii ouh D04<iBHeHHbiaii» 6e3apeRo<MOBHoe no* 
BBBOBeBie, coiiep»caji> uxb bi> oopfl4R'ib u sIspHocTB AOAvy. Crpo- 
rocTb B 64arocTb myAfo copacTBopajBCb. OfibiRHOBeuBo BcnpaB- 
AHJk'h B Bpaayiijfl^i* oui» BBuOBUbix^, 60^*16 ycTpamaa, BemeAi/i 
BaRaauBaa. By4yHB caMi* ae^HRi* b rpedyn Heua^aro oTb ao44M- 

BeBBblXli, 0B1> CblA-h BAliCTt (Tb T'kM'b BeCbMa CHflCX04BTe4eH'b . 

Bi> HeMii coBM'feineebi 6bi4B bc% cbju b cnoco6HocTB 4yiuB bi* 
npeBOCxo4Hoii creneuB. dro fibu^b RaRi* 6bi B-i^Rifi 3BHC4BTe^bBbiii 

4yiL'b, OH€flB.f BBUli^, C06OIO BCtX'bf o6o4pflBiDiS yBbUOe, BOaBbimaB*- 

luiii BB3MeBBoe, Hano.iHflBmiii C06010 aecbiia MBoroe m y4ajieHieMi» 
cBOBMi» Bcer4a b Be34'fe BpoB3BQ4BBiuiii oiuymeHie nycTOTb].» 

yDpaB4fla 4yxoBHbiMB DdCTBaMB, OBI* co3B4a4'b H 64aroyRpa- 
maj'b xpanbi BohcIb, coBepiiia4i> <*f 'luieHBbia TopxcecTBa, Boacxa- 

B0B4fljll> B31> paSBajBB'b 4peBBia BHOHeCRin 06BTeJB, OCBOBaJ'b 

BOBbifl, uo44epH{BBaji» B B03Bb]ina4'b 4yxi» 6.iaro<iecTifl. TaRi*, cb 
pasp-fcuieHifl CBaritBinaro CBB04a, y<ipe4Bji> oui> RpecTBbie xo4b] 
Bii XapbROBCRoS B XepcoucRofi enapxiflx^b; oTRpbui* ycaeflCRia 
CRBT-b Ba ycneacRofi ropt no44ii BaxHBcapaa, vAb yuij'fcjra oti> 
BpeueBB H34peB4e BhicfcieBBafl BiiCRa^^ituepROBbCbBaodpasKeHBOio 
Ba cTiiB-fc 'iy40TBopB0io BROBOiu BoHcieS MaTepB. Bii 04ecct, aa 
6epery Mopa« ycTpoajii oax lacoBuio ch opecT040Hi> bo bmh 
Bctx-b PoccificRBXi> CBaTbixi>. Bi> pisB, apoB3HeceBHod apa efl sa- 
joHceaiBf ApxaaacTbipb ruBopajT: «lMlope Mepuoe! Tbi npaaecjio 
aaM b BkRor4a aa xpedrt TBoeMi> KpecTi> a blBaare^ie c i> BtpoM> 
ElpaBocjaBBOio. 3pa a pa4yficfl! CenaToiiubi cea Btpbi, 40CTaruiie 
Bi> HysKa coBepmeaaa, Bb utpy Boapacta XpacToaa, apBXo4aTi> s-b 

JBRaXl> CB0BX1> U'LlblMl* Co6opOMl> BCeAIAlhCH Ha Cpevk TBOeMl), 

4a paayMieiub, hto cbiiA B'ibpbj, T06010 apaueceaaoe, ae ocra^ocb 
6e3i. 0404a cTopB4Haro«» 

CajbHo 6bi40 Bjiaaie 64aro4yaiHaro aanajibaBRa aa ioabixi> 
4tjaTe4eil BepTorpa4a rocno4Hfl! **) — C^ pt4RBM'b 64aropo4- 



') ApxiiiuiH4piirb Cepa^uMh^ Petcropi* XepcoBCKoil CemiHapiH, bi> ea^rpoGHOMik 
Cjorb, npeAi opeHeceaieM-b rb^a h3i> KiiecToaoii llepKSH ai K€'iee4pa.«fcuuJiCoCop'b. 

-) XpMCT. Ht. 1857, Aar. 



%X\ H. H. jIABbiAOBA, 

CTBOM'B, Cb XCBBbIM h H Tea4blil'b COHyBCTBieU'b o6(MpflJI'I» OH'b H 

HBopaBJfl4i» iixi> aa HcrtiHHbjH ayxb ko 6jary IlepRBH b itb c^iaB-b 
Bondefi. CKojbRo sadoTi* b aoaeMeaiB ero Bcoura^iB capbie a 
6t4abie, ocTaBjeHHbie aa apoaaaoj'b cy^b^u! Ci* iiijiio oAyme^ 
BHTb TaUaaTbi a oooiiipaTb ki> y«ieBbiiii> aaaaTiiiM'bt oaii caii'b cb 
HMMB TpyABJca. Bi> ooBpeMeaBOMi* B34aaia C. IIeTep6yprcRo& 
^yxoBBoK AKa^eMin : XpacTiaacROM'b Hreaia, npeB0CX04abiMii na- 
MHTHBROM-b eme paaaax'b TBopeaifi ero 6ysyTh CMyTKBTb: Bcmapiji 
noeuibdHuxt diuU 9fcu3HU luci/ea Xpuana^ StuaHh Ce. Anocmojui Uae^ 
ua u JKusHb C^HfUfiHHOMyHeMUKa KunpioHa^ EnucKona KapeaHKeKOM. 
BjaroTBopaoMy coAtiicTBiio ero o6a3aao ooaajreaieAiTi ceoaifb 
BocKpecHoe Hmenie^ adAaaie KieBCRoS AKa^eMia. B'h aepBbie ro4bi 
cymecTBOBaaifl CBoero vRpama^ocb oao DoyHBTe^bauMa cTarbAMB 
npeocBaiaeaaaro, HdBtcrabia ^meHtJi o t^KoenoU cjoeecnocmu^ 
Becibdu o6fi omHomeHiu UepKou kh npuxooicanaMn^ oocraBjeabi noA'b 
ero pyROBo^CTBOMii a no 44BH0My airb aanpaB4eBiio, 

Dpe4aBBbitt cBflmeaaoMy A'bjLj o6pa30Baaia 4pyrax'b9 Haao- 
Keaxifi ae 0CTaB4A«ii> npo40J»caTb a co6cTBeBBoe coBepmeacTBo- 
Baaie, oco6eaao aa nonpami npoaoB'b4aaHecTBa. 4*^8 ixiymaaia 
ero Cjobi>, ROTopua opoaaaocaj'b oaii aa nauarb, ro4ocoMi» hb- 
CTUiTb a asyqabiM-b, cb Beo6biHafiHb]Mi> acapoMi* a yB^e^eaieM-b, 
Cjobi yMBjiBTeababix'b, rporaTe^babixi, creRajacb aecM^Tabia 
To«iabK Umh aponoBt4aBRa, oopaacaBoiaro a npuBoiBBinaro bi 
BocToprb cjymaTe^efi, aaTMBBUiaro co6oio Bcix'b apoBOBis4Ha- 
ROBii, Ror4a-aB6o dbiBmax'b b'b Kieai, nepexo4a40 fl3i» ycTi> Wh 
ycTa *). 

. CosBaeaifl HaaoReaiia iBTafOTca bo ac'fex'b Roaaax'b Poccia, 
a axil aejbaa 40B04bB0 aaHBTaTbca. npoooB'&4yfl o BUcoRBx-b 
acTaaaxi* atpbi, oa-b Raacerca B4oxifOBeBBbiii'b , Boaaocarb 4yuiy 
a BMtcrb aaynaerb cib coaepaieBaofo acaocTbio, aoTOBiy hto bu- 
coRia BCTBBbi xpacTiaBCRifl aaxo4BJB bi» ero eepAufb xcBBoe co- 
MyBCTBie. 4pAroii'fcaao 4Jfl UepRBR Bacji4ie, BM'b ocraB^eaaoe — 
RaaoBbi a aRaeacTu: IIpeceHmoU Tpout^^ Eom^cmMHHWMb Gmpa- 
cm^jK5, H(u0OHOcMOMy FpoSy u BocKpecenuo Xpuctnoey^ Uoicpoey 
UpBceHmbiH BatupoAuUfhi^ ApocanteAy MuxauAy. TeRcr-b a co4ep»a- 



*) IIpeociflnieHiiutt Mtucapiu vh 6iorpa«. sanRorb 06% HaHOReaTia. 



OT«IFTl. BTOP^rO orjil^AEhlH HMDEP* AKAjlEMlH HAyKI. XWi 

Hie aRaeHCTpBi* aaBucTBosajx EIpeocBauieHHbifi, no €o6cTBeMHOMy 
ero coaaaHiH), ii3t» RdB'fccTBaro IIoHaeBCRaro ARaeHCTyHRa, ho 
TOJbRo coRpaoiajx no4^MHHHRi», osemajii, ycoBepoia^i'B bii cHjt. 

lia'b OpODOBiiieH HHUOReHTIH M03KHO COCTaBHTb DOJUblfi TO- 

jiH4Hbifi Rpyrb Ha3H;iaTewibBbixi> ayxoBBbixii noy<ieBitt. B'b hrxi> 
Be aepecTaeuib y^BBJiATbca, to rjy6BB'fe Hbic^efi h c6jn»ceHiH> 

BCTHU'b CBflmeHBarO nHCaBia Cb C06bITiflHH Uipa B 3KH3BblO, TO 

03fluiecTBy BdJOHceBia, RaHe40My BpasyHBTe^bHaro. EBaHreabCRoe 
yqeBie nepe4aeTCfl crb TaROfo npocTOToio, ci> TaRBBTb yuB^RTeab- 

HblMl» qyBCTBOMli, ^TO, CJHBaaCb crb dTHMli «iyBCTBOBrb, He nOCTB- 

raemb, RaRi> obo Be pasBBJOcb npeHC4e, npa co6cTBeBflOBi'b qTeniB 
EsaHce Jifl. HcHBCJBBfb aTB nepjbi iiepROBBaro RpacHop-feqia : Cjwsa 
u pnMu Kb nacmerb BojioiodcKoi; CmpacmnaH CedMm^a u CennuaH 
Cedmctfa, OTHocauiiaca ro BpeueBH KieaeRaro BHRapiaTCTaa ; 6e- 
C'b4bi Ba CaflTyio HeTbipe4ecATHHay; Becihdbi na Poofcdecmeo Xpu-- 
cmoeo; Cmho^ 6tcn>&M. u ptbHU Kb XaptKOscKoU nacfnert; EeetbdH na 
BtnuKiU Uocmb. BctaTB 4yu]ecnacBTe4bBbifl Doy<ieHia — 4yxoBHaH 
DHUia npaBoc4aBflbixi>; obb nepe4a4yT'b 0T4a4eBBbiii'b BtRaMii ae- 
3a6BeBfloe ero bma. 

npoooBi;4b UpeocBflmeBHaro HHBOReHTifl— - 6ee'b4bi, Cwiosa 
B p-fe^B, no BecbMa BtpaoMy 3aMt<iaBifo o4Roro b3i> yseHbixi* pe- 
iieH3eBT0B^ bhtib *)« npe4CTaB4flerb 04BO ii'fejoe: npe4MeT'b arofi 
nponoBi4B — y6'i;HC4eBie bii bctbhIs hcbsbb Boro^teaoBi^Ra, CnacB- 
re^fl Bamero, Roropofi BanoMBHaeTii BaMi» IlepROBb cbohmh 
CBaaieBB04^ficTBiHMR. CaMi) nponoBt4flBRi> BbicRaauBaerb 3Ba- 
vienie cbobxi> G^OB'b. «rB'b caMOMi* 4tj['fa« roBopBrb oa-b**), ecjiB mm 
Bii Hb]C4flX'b, HyacTBaxii B 4'ifcflHiax'b CBOBX'b 6y4eii'b nocToaBBO 
eHpaotcamb o6pa96 OHttsMU naumo Foenoda; to cbmi> caMUM-b 6e3T> 
€nopoBi>, 6e3'b Tpy4a 3arpa4HM'b ycTa BC'fcM'b Bparan-b Ero. Iy4eii, 
CMOTpa Ba Baci», cRaBceTX Tor4a : B'fcpBo B'b caMOM'b 4^4^ BoacTa Ji* 
XpBCTOcb B3i» rpo6a, a He yRpa4eB'b y«ieBBRaMH, RaR-b RjeBeuiyrb 
Dpe4RB Bama; a6o CMOTpa — Ohii acaeb bt* XpacTiaaax-bln drorb 
r^aBHbifi a ocaoBBhiH npe4MeT'b nponoB'fc4a (iHHOReflTifl oco6eaBO 
npoflBjaexca B'b Tpex-b HomeBTax'b 6biTiaXpBCTiaBeRaro: ebOtcHanu^ 



*) AxMA* C, Bf. UiesMpeea vh Mockmt. 1842 r. .4^ 4. 
") CitTJ. CeAH. orp. 17. 



CMepmu u HoapoMdmiu^ ^aK^iOHaiomHKCH wh Tpe\'b Ce4MHua\ b ero: 
Uepeau BejuKcuo lloctna^ CmpacmnoU u CertnuoU. 

nepaan Ce4MHua BejuKaro IIocTa HsodpawaeT-b MusHh aamy, 
Cji^HcauiyK) npHroToBjeaieHi* ri> CMepTH u K'b hobou ai€M3HH, ujm 
Bo3po3K4eHiH). HciioB'b4b u DpH<iameHie Gb. TauHi>, coBepinaeMbiii 
Bb dry ce4MHiiy, BuyTpeuHo oiumaiOTii uawb 4yx'b.' Bi* Bec'fe4a\i> 
3Ttixi> npouoBt4HHRi>, RaKii 4yxoBUbiii Bpasi> , norpyacaerb 4ymy 
aaiuy s-h TaHHCTBo noKafliiiii* 6i> aflaneHie noKaHHHoS mojutbhi. 
mBt* cy4bi uipcRie, roBopHrb oui** mbjUhotcr, «iTo6bi onpaB4aTb 
ce6fl; Kh cy4Hjitfuie 4yxoBHoe npBX04iiTi> cb TiiMii, HTod'b o6bh» 
HaTb ceofl. TaMi) Haii6ojibineiO CB0604010 no^bayeica totii, rto 
uau6oate ycntji> 40Ra3aTb cboh) neBHunocTb; 34'fccb HaH6ojbuiee 
aoMHJOBaHie TOMy, kto eaHdoji'fce coauaeTi* cboh) rp'fexoRHocTb.)) 

Bi) CmpacmnoU Ce4Muii'k Mbi y KpecTa, coaepuaeMb pacniiTaro 
rocaoAa* ci» 6jiaroroB'bHieM'b BHimaeiiii ceMH cjioBaM'b« cRa3aHHbiMi> 
CO KpecTa, bi* ROTopbixi> Bbipasaaacb nca aKii3Hb uauiero HcRynn- 
reJiH. nepBbjMi* cjobomi> npomeubi Bpare; BTopbimi* npeno4aHo 
yrfeineuie narepB h «iio6HMOMy yseuHRy, h T^M^b HcnojueHbi 06a- 
saHHocTu qejioBtqecRia; TperbRMii npeuarb B'b ymipaBuiee cep4ae 
Rafomiiica pas^ofiuHK-b, a bi> jiaii'fe eroe Bce qe.toB'hHecTBo; ^eraep- 
Tbiifb BbipaHceHo T'fejecuoe CTpa4aHie pacaararo bi> iiyHHTejbHOMi* 
TOM^eHiH ma'MAbi: narbiM-b — CTpa4aHie 4yxoBBoe, ocTaBjieuie or-b 
Orua. B'b iiiecTOMb cjoBt: coaepuiHmaca, Koew adna ert^Hocmbno- 
KUMemb ecfo fuupomy u ecto cuuy^ 3aR.iM»HHjacb aca 6y4yuiHOCTb 
XpucTiaucTBa. Bb uovsiABem'h, ce4bMoiiii cjob^, KoTopbiM-b Cmhiw 
coe4iiHH4ca cb OriieM-b, noc^'fc40Bajo coe4nHeHie ch HHMb qepesb 
CbiHa n Bcero MejoBbsecTBa. TaRi npoauBl>4iiuKi>, pacKphiaaa 
HaMi> BCH) CBjry oo;KecTBeHHbix'b C4obii, HavHaeTii nac^ yMBpatb 
Cb rocno40M b. 

Ho BOTi> ape4i» BaMB b rpo6i> XpBCTORi>: ddtcb cy4'b Mipy. 
npiH4BTe, Btmaerb uaMi> CaacBTe«ib «ipe8ii IIpopoRa, npiudume u 
ucmHotcuMcnl CMorpBTe* mb a C4t.«aji» 4jifl Baci»! flBHTe, rto bm 
c4tjaju 4.1a MeBa, hah aa<ie 4Jia ce6a. — CROjrbROcaacBTejbBbixb 
noyseHin BbUBjiocb ryrb bsx ycT'b nponoB'fe4BBRa ! ccXoraxb 6biTb 
ooraMH, a y6iiraioTb or-b Bora! He Borii cRpbi4ca orb ne^oB-feRa, 
a HejoaliR-b cRpbiaca oti* Bora. IlepBbie sparR Kpecra XpncroBa 
JI04B, KoMMb Borb — BXi» H. Apyraro po4a sparu Kpecra rt, 4Ja 



OT^BTb BTOPArO OT/PhJI^EmH HMQEP. AKA4EMIH l1AyRl>. XXXIII 

ROHX'b, ao BbipaHceHiio AnocTOja, Bori> — hx-l upeeo. GbiHi» EoHcitt 
HaKpecxHb: DOJUHUHO «iy4o nail <iy4ec'B ! CnacHTejib Mipa Bi>rpo6'ib: 
T04H0 TaiHa U3i» Taiifl'b! Tbi roBopaiiib, hto bto 4jifl Te6fl ueao- 

CTBHCHMO* A 7^6^ rOBOpflTlvt HTO dTO HenoCTHHCMMO 4^fl CaMHXli 

Anrewiorb. H aaqtmii nyrarbca uenocTHHCBMaro? Tbiy4iiBjifleLabCfl 
opBpo4'fc 6jaroroB'fceinb npe4'b ueio: ho Bce jr tm nocTHrb B'b 
veil? — Bory, coBepmeHHo aocTH3KBMOMy« Tbi apecTa.!!* 6bi a 

OOR^0HHTbCJi.» 

npoaoBik4b CefhmAoU Ce4Mflabi BcnojoeHa cja4ocTBaro 40- 
BOJbCTBa. «KaRpe aejiHRoe c^acrie 6biTb XpBCTiaHHHOMb, bockjir- 
iiaeT'B HaiDi> 4yxoBHbifi Bnrifl. Fa^ CTojbRo CBtra b hcbsuh, RaR'b 
Vh EBaHrejiH? O4HH mm, XpRcriaue, HOCBM'b KpecT-b; 04hb mm 
opa94Hyeii'b « BocRpeceHie.n 34liCb od^acHaeTCfl CBMBO^-b DacxH« 
wimch TopHcecTBa Blipbi, Ah)6hb b l]a4eHC4bi. 

BeyTpeHHeMy 3Ha<ieHiio Tpexi> Ce4MBa'b cooTB'feTCTByeTi> caubiii 
ejorb. DepBofi, rosopa c^osaMB npoaoBii4UBRa , npB^RiHbi He 
ilB^Tbi RpacHopiHiA , a cMBbi u nenejih noKaHHtH. C jobo CxpacTHofi 
apoHHKayTo rjiydoRBifB qyacTBOMi* yMBJkeuia. CBiTjaa Ce4MMua 
TopsKecTBeHHa H ycja4HTejibRa. 

B'b DocM'b4Hioio BO&By Hauiy cb Typuieio, 4^aHuieio, AHr^ieio 
B Cap4BHieio acHBHTejibHoe cjobo ApxBnacTbipfl o6o4pHao re- 
poeBX-aaoiBTHHROBii CeBacTODOjfl do41> orjyuiBTeJbHbiM'b rpoMOM-b 
H y6ificTBeHHbiMH ii4paMB HenpiarejbCRHX'b opy4ifi. He pt4Ro 
Mbicibt B036yHC4eHHaa HTenieHii EsaHrejia BJiHAoocTOja npH 60- 
rocjyaceHiB, BJieR^a BBxiio R'bDponoBt4fl — b ueoHCM4aHHO jRJocb 
ooyqeBie cjia40CTHoe* CAotm u P/tKeU ao cayqaio aauiecTBiJi, ne- 
apiflTe^bCRaro opoH3HeceHO hmi> ABSAWTh 4Ba B'b ISS^-M-b b 
mecTBa4iiaTb bi> ISSS-H-b ro4y. 4oB04B40cb 3HaMeHBT0My Ila* 
cTbipio C40B0M'b CB0Hiii> yThtuaTb CKop6Hyio nacTBy nicROjibRo 
4He& cpfl4y« TaRi* vb 1854-M'b ro4yi 8-ro Anp'kjH, npoRSHeceao 
HMi» eiOBO B'b Q4e€CR0H'b Raee4pavibH0Mi> co6op']k9 npH noflBjieniB 
HenpiATejbCRaro ^Aora. Ha 4pyrofi 4eHb9 TaM-b Hce brtih Ham'b ^ 
yRpiajflj-b nponoB'fc4bio 4yx'b BonuoB'b h HCBTeJeii, bo BpeMA o6a^ 
Hcafliii ropo4a BparauH. B'b oaMATHbifi 4eHb 6oM6ap4HpoBanifl 
04eccb] coe4BHeuHbiM'b <i»joTOM'b AHrjo-4>paHuy3CKBM'b , 1 0-ro 
Anp'kaii, creRuiieca B'b xpaitti* HCRTejiH ycooRoeHbt yMHJOCTHBH- 
TejbHoio nponoBi4i>io. Ohh cb ApxanacTbipeM-b CBORM-b BCTpfeTHja 

yq. 3AD. — KB. V. — OTA, 1. 3 



XXXIV n. n. AABbMOBA, 

cJiisAyiomiii /leHi. — ^enb flacxn 0a jurryprin, Mojuumcb itb xon. 
ace 4enb n 3a Be*iepHeio. flpnBliTCTByff CAymareAeH c% GfiiTJiuMik 
BocRpeceiiieMii, ApxHnacThipb roBopnj'b: «rB*iepa cnorpe66xcfl 
Te6*, XpMCTe; coBocraio 4Hecb, BocRpecmy Ted*! — KaKi» hr 
BbicoiTb cMbicji'b h icaRi> HR rjy66ica aHaneHie ceS cBameRHoii n'fccHR 
nepROBRoH, Bi» HacTOflmiii Aeuh ut^bifi ropoAi> Haiuik MORcerb 
npRJOHCHTb 66 RT> cedi, R, cTaBib np64i> R3o6pa»ceHi6Mi> B0CKp6C- 
maro Focno^a , cb 6jaroroB'6fiHbiiin» CMRpeuieMib cRaaaTb : B^iepa 
cnorpe6oxcA Te6^^ XpRcxe, coBocraio 4Hecb, BocRpecuiy T66'fc!» 

Cii cjoBOM'b yrfcineflia RRjiJiJca BejRRiii.ApxiinacTbipb h na 
nojf> 6RTBbi. Bi* Jiar6pHoii CeBacronoJbCRott uepRBH, t855 ro>ia 
25 IfOHfl, cRasaji} ohi>: alio Bceuy JHuy seujR PyccRofl eiirb hb 
04Horo cbiHa oreHeeTBa, ROTopufi 6bi bi» eacroAiuee BpeMJi He 

DpRBHTaJl» ROCTOflHRO MblC^IH) CB06I0 CTh BaMW, MyWeCTBeHHblHB 
SaUIHTHHRaMH C6BaCTOOOJR, ROTOpblSl He CROp&fej'b 6b1 BaRIHMR 

panaMii, paBHo RaRt* ne pa^oaajicfl 6bi o BaniRXii yenlixaxi*, ue 
xBajHjica aameio TBep^oeriio h MyRcecTBOMi*. TtMii na«ie HH'fc, 
RaRt* AyxoBHOMy nacTbipio cTpaubi cefi, icota h He/iocToiiHOMy, ne 

B08M03KHO H6 RpRCyTCTBOBaTb BCer^d CTh BBME AyXOMl* , BtpOiO, 

Mo^RTBOK), R He pas^tijATb oTb 4ymR Bcero, sto npottcxo4flTii eib 
BaMR — * R pa4ocTHaro, h nesajbHaro.n 

dtRxi. yRaaaHiH, iiyMafo^ >iocTaTOHHo 4JI1 Toro, «ito6iiI y64»* 
4RTbCfl B-b Bbuiie ynoMflHyroM'b naqajili, R3nb ROToparo paafin^HCb 
Bcfc CJOBB, 6ec'b4bi R pi^R HHHOReHTia — BbipaMceHiR udeaja 
9tcu3HU nameU^ odpada otcmnu CnaeumejUy Ero CTpa4auiii, orohhhb* 
uiarocR CMopiiiO r npocjaBjeHoaro BocRpecenieM'b. 

noej'fe4Hee cjiyaKenie coBepmeHO ApxHoaeTbipeM'b bi* GHii4»epo* 
nojt>, 23-ro Anpt^A HcreRaiumaro ro4al 34tcb iipoR3Hecei{a bh- 
Tieio R nocji1>4HaH nponoBib4b o ampodnoU Tteumu. Bsupaa na 
KpecTb, Ri} ao4H0Hciio Roroparo noBepraioTca aapb r aocjt4Hiil 
pa6i>, My4peii'b h npocTOJii04RU'b, oai> noRasbinaerb • B'b seMb 
• cocTOHTi* cnaceHie: al^jaBHoe no^e 6paiiH 4Ja XpecTiaiiHRa 
ecTb ero cep4ue. BHimmie Bparn ne mhopo anaHaTi 4JA uero^ 
ecjH BHyrpn H'feT'b MATexca. ... H DpoTHBi> cero-ro 40MauiHAro 
3ja AOJimuhi 6bJTb ycipeMjieHbi Bct cRJbi h Bce MyncecTBO . . . . 
Kto He Be4erb ce& BnyTpeuueS 6paHu , TOTh XpHcriaHHH'b no 
o4HOMy HMeHR. TojibRo no6'b4a Ha4i> caMMUB cooohi 4iiJiaerb uacb 



OTHBTb BTOPArO 0T4'M£HIfl BMDBP. 4^RA4KH1II UAyR'b. XXX? 

arTHHiiiiiiiv XpMGTiaHaMH. • • • Be8i» cero atrb h iie Moscerb 6biTA» 
coaceuifl.tt KaRaa <friM0C0i»ia npeao4ac'rb 6oJte etpHfaxii n 
jiyoitiraacHTe^bUNXii cosiTOBX Mn hch3uh? 

Coo6pa3KaA Ayxi TBopeuiil Be4qR0X'k CeflTHTejieii UepKBH Xpu- 
cTOBofi qeTBepraro B%Ra — Bacu^ia, PpMropia UaaiaHauiurRaVo n 
loaHua SjaToycTdfOv ydtHc^aeuibca, RaRi coaepuieHuo ycpoHj h ppo- 
uorfejfc iixi> BaiH^b ApxuaacTbipb. Ho cep^ae ero BanCoAte conyB* 
CTBoaaJQ 0fM^4t4ueif y : ero Hd6p&4'b ofli> cboumii H4eajiou'b. Bi> 

yC4a4UTe4i>UhIX'b H XCHBblX'b GjlOBaXb HBHOReHTia Bl^CTb Ayn'b 

CBRTHTeaii KoucTaBTBuoQ04bCRaro: b rjy6HBa Mbic4eA, n 6oraT- 
CTBo co4ep»aHiat b B3o6pa;KeBie Be4B«iecTB^BUbix'b R^pTHB'b apn* 
po4bi, B Butcrb ci> rbwh 04yn]eBjeBBbiB aabiR'bi B'b cJOBt cBtrb 
Toro ocaiaBTejbBaro co^aaa, ROTopoe ropBTb aa 04apQBaTe4b* 
ttan'b He6'fe BOCTORa-^SBCTaa BpaBciBeBBocTb, yRpaioefiBaa noaaieio. 
Udru BOBtfiiBBX-b opouoBrfc4BBROBb Haoii> HeaadseBBbifi ApxBBa* 
CThipb ope4fl04BTa4i> BcisMii Macc0jiboBa. Ec^B coe4BBeuie 4Byx'b 
ajeuearoBb — * "lyBCTBa b BoodpaHceHia cb r^^doRBMb paaMbioue* 
Hieirb, ape4CTaB4aeTb odpaaeab apoBOBi4B : to 4yxoBBoe RpacBo- 
p-b<iie aoRoiittaro HaiB^ro CoHjena 64BaRo ao4xo4BTX n sToiiy 
B4ea4y. 

CjyaKeaie ero b Ba3B4aTe4bHoe flponoB'fa4biBauie y4ocToeHbi 
HBOTHX'b JUoaapoiBxi* iiM40CTett: oB-b 6bi4'b BbicoHaiinie Baaaa- 
«ieHi» Bi» 44eBbi CBBTfefimaro CBao4at aoacaaQBaab op4eflOM'b Gb. 
A4eRcaB4pa HeacRaro b aarpaBuea-b a4MaaBbiM'b Rpecroirb 44B 
Bouieaia aa Rjo6yK'b. Orb rpe4ecKai'o Kopo4a aojyiBJb oaii 
op4eB'b CaacBTe4A. Cepeopaaaa tfe4a4b aa reoprieBCRoii 4ttBrfc 
fl 6poB30Bbia RpecT'b aa B4a4BtfipcRoS , bii BaMaTb Maa^Buiefi 
BotiBU, yRpaiflauB raRHce ero rpy4b. BbiBuiaa PocciacRaa Arb- 
4eiiia, HMaBPATOPCRAi^ ARa4etfia HayRb a paaabia yseflbiB 
06BiecTBa ao«iTB4B 4BTepaTypabifl aacjyra bbtIb opBBaTieBfb ero 
BTb eaoB Hjeabi. IIpoBOB'b4B ero oepeBe4eBbi aa FpeHecRifi , Ht- 
MeoRiB, 4*paauy8CRift a no4bCRitt aauRB. 

CT04b aBBHeRBTaro ApxanacTbipa mm janiRjiBCb — a rofab? 
CMepTbaacTBrjia erocpe4B Tpy40BbB ui>4BBroB'b bo cjaayUepRBB, 
Bii ycep4aoM'b c^yaKeaia rocy4apio a OresecTBy! Erne oBb co6a- 
pa4'b eBii4'i^aia 4jia acTopa^ecKaro onacaaifl CBameiiabixb ipeB- 
aocTeii KpuMa, 44a GocraBjeaifl UepROBaaro ApxMBa, HMba wh 



XXXVI H. n. 4ABU40BA, 

BU4y coe4MURTb Bi» HeiTb Bct BaHcnibiiiuic nncbueHHue naMSTBUKfi^ 
OTHOCfliuiecH Ki> Haoiefi UepROBHofi HcTopiu *)• He ycatji* ou^b, 
coBepmuTb H /ipyrHXi oo^eaubix-b npe^HaMUHaHiH AJ^n UepRBH b 
HayKH; iie ycn-fevi'b ocymecTBHTb b 3a4yineBBoft Mbic^n cB<»efi^ ro- 
^Topyio BbicRa3b]Bajii» B-b 6ecrb4axii — mbicjh noRjiOHBTbca rpo6y 
rocoo4Bio, opocBTb ero cjeaauH, o6jo6bi3aTb uicTa, aanenarji'bH* 
Hbia CTonauB BoHcecTBeBHaro CaacBTe^a. Ha'b CBu<i>epoflojia bo3- 
BpaTBjicfl OBI) bi> 04eccy ywe 6ojbBoH, Bi> npe4€MepTUbie 4bb Be 
ocTaB^Ajiii OBi> saBBTiii nacTbipcRBXi* b 3a6orb9 cjiymajn* qreBie 
RBBrii, BpeBMvmecTBeBBo npoBoBt4eB MiiTponojBTa MocROBCRaro 
4>BjiapeTa h 3kr3ub MnTpoBOjiBTa IIjiaTOBa; BaRaByR'b apRRaaajHi 
oTCjy»cBTb BcejieBCRyio naBBXfl4y b qflTarb RaBOHi* Cb. TpoBali. 
KoBSBBa 4o6jiecTB'kBuiaro ApXBDaerbipfly nocji'fe40BaBfnaa Bi>Torb 
canbiH 4eBb, Bi> ROTopuii OR'b coBepmaji nepsyio jiBTypriio b^ 
04eccROMi> Codop'ft, no Bpfl6bi'riB ero wh esapxiio, 6bi.ia MBpaan 
B TBxaa; 4octoSbo Bcrp'fcTBj'b ee BbicoHonpeocBauieflBbifi , RaR'b 
cpliTaai* B.pa3Boo6pa3Hbia cy4b6bi Bohcib bi> hcb3br CBoefi — wh 
MBp'fc 4ymB, Cb ope4aBBOcTbio QpoBB4tBiio. He TtueTHo apono* 
B'b4biBa4'b OBTi B-b o6o4peBie t^mii, ROTopnie p-fcujBjiBCb Myxce- 

CTBeBBO B4TB BpOTBBli BCRymeBlB, C4yHCBTb Bory, BCRBTb EfD 

UapcTBia BaseMJi}: KyriiabTepb, roBopB ji^ obi>. Bpeftia uo4BBroBi> 
BauiBxi> coR)[>aTBJoeb; hbc^o BCRynieaiil, aacb oHCB4aiouiBX'b, yMa* 
jBjocb, Bbi 6^BHce ao4oinwiB Ri* Mtcry cBoero ycnoRoeaia, b B'fe- 
KOTopbie B3i> Bacb, MOSKerb 6biTb,Bi» BacryBaioiueirb jtrb 6y4y'rb^ 
BaBcer4a pa3p'bmeBfai otb yai* qjotb b bbbtcb ri* He6ecflOMy 

il340B034aaTeJIIO.}) 

IIe«iajibflbifi o6pa4'b norpe6eBia coaepioBjB b B034ijiB do^ibb- 
meMy iiocji'b4BiH 40jrif o6mefi Bcfcx-b PyccRHXi} DpB3BaTejbB0CTB 
IIpeocBaiJieBBbie UpBBapx-b, ApxienBCRoai> KHmBBeBCRiS, a Oojia- 
sapa-b, BaRapiii 04eccKifi. 

B% 3aRjiK)<ieBie 6eci^4b] aauieil o nacmbipcKoU u ynenoU AtbH" 
me^dMocmu aoRoiiBaro ARa4eMflRa o6paTBMCfl ciieru Hce cjobbmb**) 
R% rocao4y B Bjia4b]K'k »CB3Ba B cy4e6'b qeji0B'k4ecRiixi>, a a3jieMi» 



*} npeocBflmeBaull MoKapiu vh Biorp. sanHcrb o6'h RBHOReirriH. 

**) Cjobo npM nor|ie<5eBiH reBepaj'fc-4>ejb4iiApuiaja, CB'bTjt>iiiuaro Kflaaa M. C. 
Bopoeqoaa, 10 HoaOpa 1856. 



OnETli BTOPArO 0T^'B4EHlfl MBIDEP. ARA4EH1B HAyiTb. XXXVll 



MyKCTBa aKHrfv&meii 6jaroAapuocTB ae TOibRo aa iiapoBaiiie eMy 
cTOJb MHorHX'b H npeRpacubixii rajauTOB-b, ho h 3a to, hto, npH 
DOMoiuH BceMorymeii 5jiaroAaTH, bth Ta^aHTbi ne ocrajmrt norpe- 
fieaubiMB Bi> aeMdi-b, a aBUJHCb bo acefi cH^fc h 6jecR'ik, u ynorpe- 
64eHbi Ba nojbsy o6myio. Bca cjiasa acMHaa ocraeTca na aeiut, 
a BTh B^HHocTb B4yrb aa 4ewioB'feROMi> 04uh 4tja ero, no RorophiMii 

OU1» B4B 0Cy4HTCfl, BJH 6y4eT'b DOMHJOBaHl) Cy4iei0 WHBblX'b B 

I 

MepTSbixi). Coaepaaa reoepb Hcaaub oTnie4uiaro otii uacii Coijieua 
uaioero, ubi MosKearb yTkuiHTbCfl ua4e}K40io, «ito oui>, no seMHOMb 
CTpaucTBiB, sMudemn efb padocmt Focnoda^ Ror4a HacTaHeri* 4eiib 
Bceo6iiiaro oduoBjieHiav Ror4a ct>eiioe B-b iMkaie BoacraHeri* bi> 
HeTjitHiB, B B3i> nocikauiiaro rfcwia 4yuieBHaro BoauBRuerb tIjjio 
jyxoBuoe, uepaapyuiBMoef 6e36oj1>3ueHuoe, cbIiTouochoc. 



XlXVni DPBJOaKBDIH 



nPUJOHCEIIIfl Kb OTMETy. 



I. 



BIOrPA«l>HHEGKAII 3AIIHCKA O nPEOCBfllKEHHOMl 
HHHOKEHTm, APXIEnHGKQnft XEPCOHCKOMl H 

TABPH^EGKOlffb. 



(0P4. ARA4. aPBOCB. MAKAPia, EnBCKOOA TAMEOBCR. B UIAIIR.) 

He cTa.io eme ojHoro b3% BajBRBxi* jiioaeii namefi aaoxB, 

O/lHOrO B3% 40CT0HH'bifIDBXl> CblHOB^ PoCClB , Bdl* 4o6jieCTHI>IX'b 

iepapxoB'b UepicBH, b3i> 3HaMeHBTbixi> HjeHOB^ uameii AKa4eMiB: 
flecTa^oHiiaoReHTiii, ApxienncRona XepcoacRaro BTaepBqecRaro! 

Bi>HCB3Hfl dToro CeiiTBTe^fl, Ba^aeuieScfl BBffccri; cbaa^ajoarb 
XlX-ro cToji'ibTifl, b oROH^iBBmeiicfl vh BCTeRaiouieMi» ro4y, mohcho 
pa3jiBHaTb TpB nepio^a: nepsbifi — nepio4i> ero co6cTBeHuaro 
BocaBTauiii, BTopoii, Ror4a obi» 6bui> BOcaBTaTejieMi> 4pyrBXi> bi> 
4yxoBHoy4e6Bbixi> 3aBe4eHiflxi> , Tperifi — nepio4i> ero cjyHcefliH 
UepRBB B oTenecTBy bii cawh enapxiaJbaaro iepapxa. 

nepBoui> aepio4'b9 xoth 6oj[te 4pyrBXii npo40JHCBTej[bBOMi>, 
Becbua Ma^o asBtcTHo. Cbia'b cBmiieHBiiRa, ropo4a CtBCRa, OpjuB- 
CRofi ry6epaiB, AjeRcifl BopacoBa^ [lBaai> — Taaii aasBaa-b 6bij[i> 
DpeocB. HaaoReaTiii op*!! Rpeuieaia — aepBoe o6pa30Baaie cBoe 
nojy4Bdii>f UQCAii Aoua po4aTej[bCRaro, bi> BopoaeaccRoub 4yxoB- 



KX 0T4ETy. XXXIX 

uoM-b y'Jb34iiojii'b y^ii4Uiuf>, a ootomi* ob OpjOBCRoH CeuuuapiH, 
uaxo4HBmeHCA vh CtecKt. Ci> caMbixi> paHiinx'b jiiivh o6iiapy»€H- 
jHCb B'b uewh 6o&Kiii« 6.AecTflmifl caoco6uocTB. Bcer4a hchboii h 
p-feaRbifi, wierKO yB^eKaBiuiHCfl 3a6aBaMB 4'lkTGTBa h nepBoii ioiiocth, 
OfTb Hajo ape4aBajicfl Tpy4aM'b h aauHTiHU'b, ho Bcer^a yenliBajx 
Bi» uayKax-b h sacTO 4aHce DpeBocxo4Mj'b Bcibxi) cbohhh ycubxaMii. 
OoumpHaii QaMATL, njaueHHaii 4>aHTa3iA, ueo6bJKHOBeuuafl 6hi- 

CTpOTa H CM^TwlUBOCTb BX COofipaHCeillAXl) p'k3R0 OT^HHaJH eVO 0Tb 

coTUBapHmeii. Uepsbje ero oobiTbi Bb coHHueuiax-h — b'i> pMTopH- 
HecKOMik Kjaccfe, oepBbifl pa3cym4euiH — Bb (t»ujoco<t»CKO]ii b, urp- 

BblA nponoB'64H B'b 6orO(UOBCKOMl>, KOTOpblfl OD^b DUCaJ b BO- 

oome o«ieub cKopo a cb Bejiu^iaiiuieio jerKociiio, uept4Ko uopa- 

HCaJB 40CT0HHCTBailH CBOHMB He TOjlbKO COBOCQIiTaaUllkoBl> erO, HO 

H uacTaBuuRoBi>. B'b 1819 r., Bor4a MBaub BopucoBi* oKounHJik 
Rypcb ceuHHapcRaro y«ieuifl, nocai40Bajo apeo6pa30BaHie KieBCKofi 
^yxoBHOB ARa4eHin, h B>Bee aoJOHceno 6bM0 Bbi3BaTb jyHuiHX-b 
eTy4euTOBi> B3'bHiiCR0JbRBXi>ceMHHapiii ^ah 4aJbU'£iiuidro ycosep- 

lOeHCTBOBaHifl. B'b HeJiii OpjlOBCRHXl* CTy4eHT0B1b ABUJCfl Bl> KieBl) B 

BopBcoB-b. 34'fecb Bi» Rpyry H36paHHb]xi> 4apoBBTbixi> lououiett, tipn 
cpaBiieHiB ceCn cb hmmb, ohi> ncB'be uana.!!* noBBiiaTb ce6ji, ufb- 

HBTb CBOfl Heo6uRH0BeHBbieTajiaHTbl, 40p03KHTb BMB, n04yBCTBO- 

Ba.i'b »ca»c4y 6«iaropo4Haro copeBuoBania , a — co cTpaoTiio, Cb 
yB.ieqeHieM'b npe4aBaacH HayRaMb, TaRi> mo BHor4a ufkjkbia hohb 
apoB04flwi'b 3a Ruaroii. CnpaBe4.ABBocTb Tpe6yerb 3aMtTBTb, «ito 
Bi» ARa4eMiB BopacoBi* CoA'be caMi) o6pa30BbiBaji> ceCn npedb 
STeuie, pa3Mbiuijeuie a ynpaHCHeuie bi> co^aueHiAXii, aeHceja npeai* 
jieRuia uacTaBUBROBib, ROTopua Boo6uie 4ajeR0 He y40BaeTBopflj[B 
ero. ^iBTafl UHoria RHara ott> aana^a 40 ROHiia, 4a3Ke whAbiB cb- 
CTeMbi ii'B^ocoa'OB'b, 0Hi> o6biRuoBeHHO 4'fc«iaji> aRcrpaRTbi a3'b 
apo4BTaHHaro a TaRie dRcrpaRTU Hep'b4Ro Ha6pacbiBajii> B'b Rouut 
canbix'b RHBrb. OT'b dToro npoacxo4ii-AO, hto aHor4a, no npocb6i) 
TOBapuuieii, ohi> pacRpbisaj-b ape4'b hbub yneiiie Toro bjh 4py- 
raro oa^iocooa cb TaRoio flCHocTiio, jerKocTiio a no4po6HocTiio, 
HTo BsyMJiHj'b BC'bx'b B coBepuieuHO saTM'i^Ba^'b jeRuia upo<s»eccop- 
CRia. Co6cTBeuHbia coqaueHia ou'b npe4BapaTejbuo o64yMbiBaj'b 
BHOjiu'b Bo Bci>x'b no4po6HocTaxi>, a aoTOBfb apHMO nacajb na- 
6jijiO. Mp63'b 4Ba, Tpa 4Hfl nepecuaTpaBaJ'b Hanacauuoe, a ecja 



XL nPBJOHCEHlH, 

OHO noHeMy-wiH6o He y^oBjeTBopjijio ero, nacajTb Apyroe co"iBueuie 
Ha Ty »ce xemy, auor^a h Tpexbe, ^To6bi opeACTaBUTb HacTdsHu- 
RaMi> TO, RaKoe caMi> CHHTa^ii jy4QiBMi>. 11pe4i> BaGTynjeHieM'b 
dRaaMeuoB-b olsr^o aposHTbiBajcb RjiaccH«iecRie ypoRB, ROTopbinB 
Ma^o 40 Toro aauuuajicfl, b ua dRaaMeuai'b OTBtnaa-b TaRiit RaRt» 

pt>4K0 KTO AIOri> OTB'b'iaTb U B31> DpHJl'ikHCuMniBXli CTy4eUTOBl>. 

Ilpa Ha^iaji'fe aKa4eMB<iecRaro Rypca 6|)Ijh eiue coBuicTHBRB y Bo<% 

pHCOSa, B 04BB'b B31i UHX1>, 0TJH4U0 BpurOTOBJeBBblfi^ XOTJI B 

Meuie 4apoRHTbifl, CTy4euT'b BopoueHccRoii ceMBHapiH CTaBpoBi», 
3auHMaji> 4aHce B'bCHHCRis nepBoe MtcTO. Ho Bi* Doc.i'k4CTBiB, oco-> 
6eHH0 CB aocTynjeaieM'b bi> Bbicioee 0T4'k4eBie ARa4eMiB, Bcfe 
e4UHorwiacHo, h Dpo4»eccopbi , h cTy4eBTbi9 0T4aBajB na^bMy nep- 
BeecTBa EopncoBy, b hbrto ue 4ep3a^'b C7> hbuii paBHflTbca: cairb 
6biBmii] ero coBMi>CTHBRii o6biRuoBeBUo roBapHBaj'b, hto Ba4o6HO 
Bi>cnBCRi Ha nepBOMi> uicH oBcaTb EopacoBa, a aarfeMi*, ocra- 
BBBi) HeaauiiTbiMH H-fecROJbRo c^iii4yiomHX'b M'fecT'b, yHce ua ce4b« 
MOMi> Bju ocbMOMi> QHcavb — CxaBpoBa. Bii Bbicmeifb 0T4'ikjeuifl 
BopucoBi, ROHequo, DOBMnyncb BHyTpeuHeMy npHSBaHiio, 604*66 
Bcero 3auHMa4Cfl cocTaB^eHieM'b b o6pa6oTRoio nponoBt4eM: ^erbipe 
BX'b HHX-b, HanenaTanHbifl Bi>«iHC4t 04BHHa4aaTH cJOB'b BocBBTaa- 
HHKOB'B KieBCRofi 4y^* ARa4eMiB nepBaro Rypca, CBH4tT€4b- 

CTByiOTb, qTO 0H1> XOpOUIO 6bl4'b aUdROMli Cb COHBHeHillMB 3uaMe* 

HBTaro ^'paHuyacRaro opaTopa — MaccM.iboua b oTsacTB Haxo4B4CJi 
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BBJicfl PeKTopoMCb AKdAeMifl , uo npB BOBbix'b , eaapxia^bBhixi* aa* 
HHTiBX'b, AOATKeHit 6bui> cjioBCBTb cTb ce6B SBanie Ilpooeccopa Ko* 
rocjoBcRBXi» BayR-b, b 4a»ce nepecejmMH b3i» ARa4«MiB vb Kibbo- 
HlHxafiwioBCRifi MoaacTbipb, 0T4aBBbiil OMy bi» ynpaBJeBie. Bap<H 
«ieMi> rhiii> Be Mefl*fee ero 3a6oTjiHBOCTb odi* ARa4eMiB b ero yne* 
tibie B jiBTepaTypHue Tpy4bi Be npeRpaoiajflcb. Os'b qacTO apilo- 

BCaJCb Bl> ARa4eMilO, 06x04BJ1> aCBjlblB KOMaaTU BOCBBTaaBHROBl., 

wIio6b j-b 40Jiro 6ec'b40BaTb c% bomb , BpacyTCTBOBaj-b oa npo^iec* 
eopcRBXi* ^eRtiiflXT) b Baor4a 4aHce caM'b 4aBaj[ii ao aicROJbKy 
jeRuiii o BaHcaifiuiBX'b npe4MeTax'b XpBcriaBCRaro BorocuoBia. A 
rjaBBbiMfl ero aaflBTiBMB bii to BpeMa 6biJB 4Ba, — - BoajoaceaBbiB 
Ba aero BH'tcrfe ci»ARa4eMieM), no ero ace npe4eTaTejbCTB^ Paay* 
MteMii, Bo nepBbixik, B34aaie aoBaro 4)xoBBaro Mcypuaja 0041^ aa- 
rjaBieMi*: «BocRpecaoe HTeaie». Kaax bb rfccau 6bijiB npe4'kibi 
aroro eBceaeA'bJbaaro jbctrb, bo IIpeoc«Biueaflbiii cbobmb opo*- 
noBli4aMiB, ROTopbifl Be oepecraBajii oHcarb a roBopvrb, CBoeKi 
pe4aRiueio b BCRycBbiMii Bbi6opoM'b npoMBXii cTareH , yui^ii no- 
craBBTb BcypaaJi* c^ nepaaro paay aa BbicoRyio cTeneab cosi^p- 
mcacTBa b npio6pi>eTb euy MBoro^BC^euBbixi> ^BTaxejeii. .iysuHi- 
MB ro4aMB ccBocRpecBaro ^fTeaiflo^ no coaaaBiH) Bedbxii, 6bi4B nep- ' 
Bbie ero ro4bi, Ror4a aA'bcb 4'feficTBOBa4'b HaHOReaTiii. ^IpyraMb 
BaHCBbiiTb BanflTieu'b ero a npo«eccopoBi> ARa4eMiB 6bMO cucxa* 
BJieiiie a^oruaTB«iecRaro €6opnBRa» r3% McuoBrfc4aH]fi apaBocjaBaoii 
B^pbi Bctx'b BtRoBi* OTi* aanajB UepRBB 4oabia'b. HcnoBt4aaiB 

OTblCRBBBJIBCb Vh OeSaTBblX'b RHBraXl> a pyRODBCflXl*, n6pe804B- 

JMCb c^ PpenecRaro a .AaTBaGRaro aa PyecRiii aabiR^^ a Caafiaa- 
CRIB B PyccRia nepenacbiBajBCb bt> no4JiBaBOii'b 884^, npe4Bapfl* 
jiacb 6iorpa4>n«iecRBMB CBl)4'feBiBMB o oacaTeaax'b a Ma40 no Majy co- 
CTaBBjin 4Ba orpoMBUx-b tomb. Ui^jiiio aG6opBBRa» npe4no4ara40€b 
npe4eTaBnTb BchMi> xpncriaaaMT), npaBocjiaBHbiiii> U neapaBoc^aB- 
nhiMi), naMBTBHRii npaBocjiaBBoii stpu, ROTupbiii 6bi c0H4tTe^b- 



Rl OT^IRTy. XLVll 

cTBonai'b, RaiTL wh npo^ojaceuie BirbiCE crcu'^Tiii coxpanfljacb ana 
vh npasociaBHoB u^pRBH co Bceio aeHdMbuHocTiio h shctotoio, a 
ITK >ipyroii cTopoiiiki — ^ ^axB 6oraToe noco6ie 4yxoBiii>iMi> y4H4ii- 
iiiaMi> AJtn Dpeno4aBaHiH uoBoii eme Tor4a y uacb uayKB — na* 
TpucTBRR. IltROTopbia ^3% cTdTeS aCdopHHRBA 6bUH HaoeHaTaBbi Vh 
«BocRpecHOM'B HTeHiflD. B'b oocjiiiAuie roiifai cBoero npe6iaBaHiA b^ 
KieBii DpeoGB. HuHOReHTiH noMbiuijjM'b 9aHflTbca HaHepTanieMi* 

RCTOpiH 0Te4eCTBeHH0B UepRBH H XOrkll> OaiaTb CTh TOrO, HTo6b] 

aamicatb o«iepR7> eoBpeMeHHaro cocroaiiifl B'lbpbi B-b FpeuiH, Ilojb^ 
m'fe B iipyrBxt» CjiaBaacKBX'b aeiijiAX'b npe^nb satajoMii PyccKofi 
UepRBB: 04fla craTba ero «o aaia^'b XpBCTiaBCTBa wh IIowibint» 
6hMa yace BaoBcana r bi> D0Gj'h4CTBiB aaoeqaTafla bi> cSKypaa j'fe Mb"» 
HflCTepcTBa Hapo4Baro DpocBtmeai^ii. 06GTOHTejij>GTBa jb, bjb 4to 
4pyroe, aoapeBflTCTBOBaJB apoAo^HceaiK) Baxcaaro Bpe4npiaTia« 
HoBue Tpy4bi EIpeoGBanieBBaro apaajieRajB aa aero aoBbia aa* 
rpaAu. Bi> 1839 ro4y «8a c^yaceaie, oaaaiieBOBaaaoe Boo6uie 

OTjIBiaUMl* 4OCT0BHGTB0H'I», B Bli OGo6eaBOGTB, 004b30iO BT> yapa* 

BjeaiB ^yx. ARa4eMieiO, a aa aa8B4aTe4bBoe yB0Tpe6aeaie 4apa 
CAoaan oB-b BceMBjioGTBR&Baie GonpasBGjea'b R'bop4eay cb. Aubu 
l-H CTeaeaflt a caycra a'fcGROJbRo u'JkGaueBi* Bik TOM'b ace ro4y «3a 
0T4BSBoe aoBG^Mii sacTfliTb 64aroycTpoiiGTBo ARa4eMiB», aafi4eB- 
aoe peBBaoBaBmBM-b ee IIpeocBauieBBbm'b MBipoBOjaTovb Kiea- 
GRBM'b ^^B^apeioMCb , y40CTOB4ca B0jy4BTb apaaaaTe^bBocTb Cb. 
Cvao4a« dro 6bi.ao aoG4'fe4Bee Ti>paKecTBeaaoe GBB4'feT4MbCTBo o 
GocToaHiB' KieacRoS ARa4eiiiB, 40 Raaoro 40Be4'b ee aeGpaBiieaabiii 
a Bcer4a ae3a6BeaabiB ea PeRTopx. Majo Toro, hto oa'b BoaabiGBj'b 
ee BO BG%xi» oTBOBieaiax'b ao BayrpeaaeMy ycTpoficTBy* oab Boa* 
BbicB4i> ee, B-b GodGTBeaaoM-b jiaut, npe4'b raaaana BGefi PoGGiBt 
BciiX'b 4io4efi« 4yxoBabix'b a GB-bTCRBXi*. Bbicaiie rocy4apcTBeaabie 
GaaoBBBRB B iepapxB, yieabie b auTepaTopbi, aocliaAaBUiie KieB'b 
B ^KBBmie B'baeM'b, oxotho aockuia^a a AKa4eMiio, BGer4d conpo- 
BOBC4aeMbie GaMBMi» PeRTopoM-b, B Ch jio6oBiio apacyTCTBOBaaa aa 
TopsKeGTBeaabix'b aRa4eBiB4ecRMXi> aRi:axi«. CaaBa aaaaieHiiTaro 
PeRTOpa aeB36t3KBo oTpaacajaob aa BB-fcpeaaofi eMy ARa4eMiB a 
oaapajia ee co6oio. 

HskCTBA'h aaRoaeUb 44a DpeocBaaieaaaro HaaoReaTia TpcTia 
B iioG4t4aiB Repio4i> ero acBaaa — aepio4'b cayaceaia UepRBB b 



1 



XLVIII UPIIdlO)KBHlfl 

OtenecTBy Vh cani enapxiajboaro apxiepen. 1-ro Mapra 1840 r. 
BbicoqafimaM'b yKaaoM-b ohi> HaanaHeuii bo enBCRona Bo^oro4CKoii 
enapxia. He aojlvo cyHC4eH0 6biJo ocTaaaTbca 34tcb hobomj ApxH* 
nacTbipio: Bcero 4eBflTb Mtcaueaii; uo a B-b aro KopoTKoe BpeMfl 
OHii ycD'bi'b o6paTaTb aa6oT4BBoe BoaMatiie ua 4tja MtcTHoS 
KoHcacTopia, aa y^y^nueaie ;lyx. ynajam-b , ua o6BOBjeuie apxi- 
epe&cKaro 40Ma a cooopaaro xpaiia, ycatJi» aaaaTbca o6o3ptuieMi> 
H OT^acTR codpaaieM-b Bojoro4CRaxii 4peBH0CTeu, cocTaBwieaieifb 
CBoaxi* Caobii Rii Bo40ro4CKo& aacTBt, a34aBHbixi> bi> aocj['fe4CTBiat 
yca'fc^'b 3ac4y»cBTb npaaaaTewibaocTb Cb. Cvao4a ctaa oco6yio no* 
oe^iaTedibBocTb o 6jaHb CBoefi oacTBbi». 3 1-ro ^eKa6pA Toro ace 
ro4a DpeocBflmeaabiS oepeMtuieai* B'b enapxiio XapbROBCRyu). 
Tyrb c^yaceaie ero apo40j[»cdaoGb orojo ceMa jirb a oaaaMeao- 
Ba^iOCb BecbMa BasKBUMa 4'bjaMa a codbiTiAMB, RaROBbi bi> oco6efl* 
boctb: y«ipeHC4eBie TopHcecTBeaaaro RpecTHaro xo4a bt* XapbRosli 
no c4y4aio eH€ero4Baro DepeBeceBin b^ ropo4i> a3i» KypaaccRaro 
MoaacTbipfl ■iy40TBopBoii aROHbi BoTKieS Marepa; coppysKeaie ao- 
aaro , aeaaROjiaaaro 34aaia aab GeMauapia aa bobomi> Ba4B0irB 
M'fccT'fc; B03CTauoBJeuie 4Byxi> 4peBHax'b MyHcecRax'b ofiareJieB — 
CfiHToropcRoH a AxTbipcRofi, a OTRpuTie o4aoii aoBoii sKeucKoS. 
•iaxepaTypabia 3aaaTiji IlpocBfluieaHaro reK^a gbobhii o6biqHbiM'b 
Dopa4ROMii, a, RBHceTCfl, 4a3Ke ycajaaaJBCb. Hmi* nocTeneuao aa- 
4aBbi rb 0T4'fc.AbUbixi> RBBHCRdXii: a] rp'bx'fc a ero noc^McTBiax'b — 
6ec+4bi aa cb. '4eTbipe4ecHTHauy ; 6) Mo^aTBa cb. E<i»peAifl Capa- 
ea — 6ec'fc4bi aa cb, MeTbip«4ecflTuaiiy ; b) BejaRiii llocr-b a^a 
uoBbia 6ec'b4bi aa cb. MeTbipe4eciiTaauy ; r) na4eBie A4aM0B0 — 
6ec'fc4bi aa aejiaRiii nocrb; 4) Gjobo a piia ri* nacTai XapbKOB- 
ckob: e)Tpa cjioaa oaaiit. A-^a od-bacBeaia raRoro o6awiifl a orsa- 
CTB cBMaro xapaKTepa Tor4auiuaxi» nponoBi>4eii IIpeocB. Huho- 
ReBTia, c*iaTaeMi> ueaBiuuaMii opaBecTa uicROjbRo OuIobii aai* ero 
nacbua ri» BaiiT>, nacaaaaro B-b 1847 ro4y. «()KaTBa Maora«, Be* 
o6o3pBMa; a A^MTeAeii , aaR^b caMa B'bcre , Ma^o a 4a4eRo ae ao 
SKaTB^. Cie-TO canoe a Meaa, opa Bcfc^-b Be4ocyrax'b, aacraB^aerb 
oe«iaTaTb no BpeuenaM'b — aMeauo, 4to Bor-b aocjaji>, aesadf^racb 
UBoro o&b OTjia«iab]Xi> 40cToaacTBaxii Mbicja aja cjora bi> ne- 
<iaTaeMOMi>. H60 aa'b MBorHXi> oDbiTOBi>. oco6eHuo oaceM-b ro mb^ 
eo Bcixx RpaeBi> Poccia, 3uaio, KaHi> aiaoro Be34'ii 4yni'b« aKaH€4y- 



K% OTqBTF. XLI\ 

lUBXii AyxoBuaro >iTeHiii. KaRaii »ce 6bj ei> Hauiett CTopoau 6bi.ia 
aKeeroRocTb — oTRaabieaTb hatb bi> nami hjh aacTaBjarb 40^10 

;KJ|aTb DOTOMy TOJIbRO, HTO HaM'b XO^eTCll npe^CTaBHTb 9rOTh Xjt6'b 

aa Gepe6pflH0Vb no4Hoc'6 hjb ci> eaB'fecTHbiiiH ourypaMH h npoH.))? 
Tor^a 3Ke DpeocB. HBHOReHiifi uamaui'h aaoBHaTbCfl cocTaBaeeieifb 
B ii34aHieirB aRaeacTOB-b: CrpacTflM-b rocno4BBii'b, TIoRpoBy IIpecB. 
Boropo4Babi , SKaaoaocBOMy rpo6y a Apyrax'b. TeRcrb a co4ep- 
Bcaaie jub aTBXi> aRaeacTOBX oanb aaaMCTBOBa^-b, no ero co6cTBeH- 
BOMy coaaaBiio , aa-b aas'bcTBaro 3ana4Bo-PyccRaro bjlb IIoiaeB- 
cRaro aaaeacTflBRa, ao TOJbRo coRpamad'b, o^iamaj-b, ycosepmaji* 
B-b cfljrfc. B'b 1845 ro4y <KBa oTja^aoe ynpaBjeaie XapbROBCRoio 
eoapxieio» IIpeocBiiiiieBBbifi B03Be4eBi> daqao anb caa-b Apxieoa- 
cRooa, a vh 1847 r. (1-ro Anpijfl)» no Bbicoiaft mealy noBeji- 
aiio, BbiaBaa'b wh C. neTep6yprb 4Jfl npacyTCTBOBaaia B'b Gb. flpa- 
BBTejUiCTByioiiieii'b Cvfl04'i^, a pacnpocTaJca BaBcer4a Cb nacTBOio 

XapbROBCROIO. 

Bo BpeMfl npe6biBaaiH IIpeocBaaieaaaro naaoReBTia B'b cto- 
Jiunfb^ no€di'b40Badio (24 4»eBp. 1 848 r.) Bbico^iaBmee Baaaaqeaie 
ero Ha enapxiio Xepcoao-TaBpaqecRyio, a, B'b cj'b4'b aa rbM'b (1 1-ro 
Aap^fl), OB'b «3a 0TJBHB0-ycep4B0e c^yxcenie UepRsa a OTeie- 
CTBy , a vb oco6eBHocTa aa3B4aTejbBoe 4'fcficTBOBaBie aa cep4iia 
BBipaeMux'b evy 4yxoBab]X'b nacTBx aa3a4aTe^bBb]Mi> nponoB'ik4a- 
BieiTb Gjobb Boacifl, BceMBJOCTBB'fcfinie conpaqacjea-b R-b op4eBy 
CB. B4a4BMipa 2-fi cteneaa. 29 Maa 1 848 r. npeocBameasbitt 
npa6bM'b BT>04eccy, a Ha4pyrofi 4eab — 4eBb comecTBia cb. 4yxa 
coBOpma.i'b nepayio cboio TopacecTaeBayio cjy»c6y a CRadaj-b nep* 
Boe CJOBO B'B HOBoft uacTBi. SKaTeJB 04eccbi TOjnaMB creRajiBCb 
BBBiiaTb a cBfloieHHOHuyaceBiio, a nponoB'ik4aBiio caoero aaaBieaa- 
Taro apxBoacTbipa , t^mt* 6o.r&e, ^to cRopo» rbrii aaaja oaa, esiy 
Ba4Je»ajo BoaapaTBTbCfl ajib npacyTCTBOBaaia B'b Gb. Cvao4'b. 
droTb BTopott ro4'b npe6biBaaia npeocBameaaaro HaaoReaTia B'b 
cisepaoft CTOjaii'b 6bijrb AJm aero Rpafiae Be64aronpiaTea'b : B'b 
aeM'b , B% aepButt paax , o6BapysKa jacb 34icb TawRaa 60 jt>3Bb, 
ROTopaa no'q>aCdia 40 ocaoBaaia adb cajiu ero opraaaaMa, — TaR'b 
^To xoTB noaeMBory 6ojbBoil onpaBRjicA, ao coaaaj'b aeo6xo4a- 
HocTb opoGHTb Bbico<ia)lmaro paap'fcaieaifl B03BpaTBTbca B'b cboio 
enapxiio. Ten^ufi RjiRMarb, nyTemecTBie no npeRpacnbiMi rT(»a- 

7«l. 9AO. — in. ▼. — 0T4. I. 4 



L UrUJOSKEHlM 

HHM'h o6uiiipuoil enapxiu, MopcKiA nauubi — utcKOJibKo noapasHjif 
»4opoBbe DpeocBameHHaro, ho quo y»ce HURor4a BDOJEti He bo3- 
CTauoB^flJocb : oh'l hbcto ao4Be|iraJCfl 6oa'fc3HiiM'b, oco6eHHo npo- 
cryA^^j ^acTo waJOBa^cH, b Ha cjoBax-b h bi» oHcbMat'B k% 3HaRo-* 
ubiMT>, Ha cBou He4yru. Bo^pbiii 4yx'b 04HaR09Ki> He oepe'cTaBajii 
4'ibficTBOBaTb cbnpeHCHeio codoio, necMOTpa Hacwia6ocTb rtjecBoH 

o6oa04KU. IIpeOCBHUieBBblQ JI06bJ'L BeCbMa qaCTO CJyHCBTb B B-b 

04ecc'fe, B BO BpeMfl CBOHxik npo40J3KBTejbHbiX'b nyreaiecTBiB no 
enapxia, b dohtb bi> Ranuyio cjy»c6y roBopHji» RpaTRia noyHeBiH, 
opocTbia, o6me40CT)nHbia — b-b po4'IJ oreqecRBx^ (Jec"fe4'b, koto- 
pbia HBRor4a hiii> He aaoBCbiBajBCb. MeHuy tt>Mi>, cBOeio apxBna- 
CTbipcROK) peBHOcTiio H xo4aTaficTBoMi>, 0Hi» y<ipe4H^'b Bi> 04ecci», 
RaRi> npeaK4e b bi> XapbROB'fe , 4Ba Top>KerTBeuHbjx'B KpecTHuxb 
xo4a: 04BH'b — B'b 4eHb ocHOBaHia 04eccb], 4pyro9 — ^ bt> 4eHb 
e3Kero4Haro nepeHeceHia bi> 04eccy KacaepoBCROB BROHbi Boaxiei 
Marepa ; OTRpbU'b B-b KpuMy HicROJbRo uoHainecRBX-b crbtobx; 
co6pawii> Biy 04ecc'b b ooM'IkcTBj'b Bik oco6oft ^lacoBut rodih co 

Bcix-b «iy40TB0pHblXl> BROHli , RaRifl TOJbRO B3Bi>CTHbl Bl» PoCClB; 

o6BOBBXb CeHBHapiio b apxiepeScRiii 40iii> , aajoxcn jii b 061I0- 
BBXb MHOHcecTBO xpaMOB^b. CjBBa ero, itaRi> npocB'femeBHiftaiaro b 
4o6jecTHaro apxHoacTbipa, tkhboc b 6jiaro4tTejbHoe 6ro coqyB- 
cTBie BocTo*iHbiMi> e4Mii0Bi>puaMi>, ero npoaoB'ft4H, nepeBe4eHHbia 
ua a3biRB — 4>paHuy3CRi& B FpeMecRiS , 6bijiB opaqBHOio Toro» 
HTO OH-b nosTen-b 6bM'b (b-b 1 85 1 r.) orb Kopojii Fpe^ecRaro op- 
4euoM'b CoacBTe^ii 1-fi cTeneuH. 

Bi> Mat 1 852 r. IIpeocBameHHbitt HHHOReatifi 6hiJth cHOBa 
BbiSBau-b 4Jia upHcyTCTBOBania bt> Gb. €VH04'k, ho aa ta^KRoio 5o- 
jisHiio e4Ba Morx bi* ceHTa6pi OTopaBBTbca ri» tt^cTy CBoe^o 
HaaHaHeBia. 34'ikcb 0}KU4aja ero Hoaaa Mouapuiaa narpaia: aaa 
oTJHHuoe B 4ocTo&Hoe nacTbipcRoe cjyweHie UepiCBB, Bcer4d yRpa- 
maiouieeca ua3B4aTejbHbiMu aah oacTBbi Tpy4aMu a apocB'fcateu-^ 
iioH) 3a6oTJBBOCTiio o 6dar6 npeeucTBeuHO BBtpaeMbixi* enap^itt, a 
3a HOBbie onuTbi ce8 no^eaeofi 4yxoBHOB 4'feaf e^bHoctan oui> Bee- 
MBjocTBBiHnie conpaqHCJeH'b (19 Anp. 1853 r.) R^ op4eay cb. 
AjeRcaH4pa HeacRaro. Ro3Bpauieuie npeocBaiiieHHaro bi^ cbok) 
enapxiio D6cji40Bajo He3a40Jro ape4T» rfcu'b, Ror4a BacryoBja 
4^>i Ilea Hopa caubixii ra.uejbixi Mcnbiraaifi. H rto ae aaaerb 




K'b 0'r4BTy. Ll 

KaKi* A0C90HHO ywtjrh upoasMTk ce6ii HedadaeHUbifi ApxyoacTbipi. 
vh 9ry rpo9u^io, KponaBjio anoxj? Ero repoMcKoe, hcthhho-xph- 
CTiau^Roe iiyaKecTBo h apacy^rcTBie 4yxa bo Bpemi o6je>Kaiiiii u 
doM&ip^ifpoBauiii O^ieccfai HeapiBTe^bCKHMX 4»joTOM'b; ero Top»ce- 

CTBeUBUII C^yHc6bl H B40XH0BeBHblB fbHIi K'b »CBTejilM b 04eCCbI 

BTb am crpaoiBbie 4Bb; ero pt^y b flanyTCTseflRbia Moae6cTBiii 
BOUBan-b, OTopaBjiBBmBiiCfl B'b CeBacTonojb, cecrpan-b KpecToeoa- 
4BHiKeH€Bofi o6uiBBbi, pi»4B opfl ocBAuieuiB Bi* 04ecc'fe 6aTTapeM fl 
BO MHorBE'b 4pyrBX'b no4o6flbix'b c^y^anx-b; ero uyTeuiecTBi^ Bb 
Kpwifb, r4i CTapaiACii OB'bc^oBOMi* Bipu b yooBaHia ycuoROBBaib 
H oo4Bp^«iflTb BJLOCiacTBbixi odBTBTe^efi cTpaflbi; ero CBiimeHBo. 
CAyxceaiii b pt^B Wb bbmomi CeBacTonoji'b nocpe4B rpoMOB-b bob- 
uu: — Bce BTO oaapBJO bim ElBBOKeaTiii boboio, fidacTareabBoio 
cjaBOiO — e^BBOio BbicoRaro oaTpioTa b Bejaxaro aacTbipii Uep- 
RBB, BCHOJiBeaaaro canooTBepHceBiA b jiio6BB, roTOBaro ao^oHCBTb 
ta CBoio oacTBy bjb Budberb ei aeio co6cTBeBByio ayiny. PB4'b bo- 
Bbix'b Barpa4'b AoeTottBOMy ecTecTBeaao cjitAosaA-h aa TaRBMB no- 
iaaraiiB. 10 Aflp'taa 1854 r., ^a-b osaaMeaoBaaie o€o6aro Moaap- 
maro ^^aroBOieaia ki* Ao64ecTBOMy uyaceaiio ero UepRBB m 
OreiecTBy, oRaaaiiBOMy bo apeMA 6oM6ap4apoBaaia ueBpiaTedieMii 
ropo4a 04eccbi»9 Beena^ocTaBiHaie noacajoBaa'b eiiy adMaaabifi 
apecTb AAB BooieBia aa RJo6yirb. 10-ro 4eRa6pA Toro ace ro4a 
«aa oaGTupcKyio aa6oT4BBocTb ero o paaeabix-b Boaaaxii, npoja- 
BaBoiBX'b RpoBb BB Bipy, Ilapa a OTe^ecTBo bi* KpbiMyv, aaxflBjeaa 
Buy Bp«3BaTe«tbaocTb orb Cb. CrB04a. 30-ro Aflp-kia 1855 r. 
«3a oco6eaBo oaeTbipcRoe ynacrie vb djaroycTpoeaia KpecTOBoa- 
jiBvaceBCicofi odoiaabi cecTepi iiB«Aocep4ia» oai* y40CT0BJCfl oo^y- 
q«Tb 6jiaro4apcTBeBiibifi pecRpaarb orb Ea HiioEPATOPCRAro 

BblCOHKCTBA, Be4BR0B KaarBBB E^EBbl DABJOBBbl. 15'ro 

iiojB Toro ace ro4a — B3i>aB^eaa eMy Bbicoiafimaa 6jaro4apBocTb 
aaa BarfciiJieBie CeaacToao^a a fiorocjyaceHie rb BeMi» bo Bpeiia 
6oii6ap4BpoBaBia ero BenpiaTejeii'b». Haaoaeu-b, 26-ro Aarycra 
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4Ba ro4a yaliaqaBBoe 4ocTOXBa^babiMa uo4BBraMa cauooTBep^ceHia 



LU DPHJOaKBUm 

bb Ha3ii4aule u yKptajeuie uacTBbi cpe4H jfacacoBi* HcecToKoii 6pa« 
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ua B-iaAHftiipcKoil — B^b aaaiATb MuiiyBmea bouuu — yRpama^B 
TaKSKe H ero rpy^b. 

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c^iyiaio uamecTBia ueapiBTeJbCKaro«>, KOTopbia oai) apBroTOBuj-b 

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ero aa co6cTB6BUbia c<ieTi». aMeaa OAO^'kia apxeojioraHeeaie no- 
Mbicabi — naca^'b obi> BaMT> B'b Roaui opooijaro ro4a (oti* 1 3 

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nosy Tenepb — nacaj-b oBb y^ne bi> ubiB'feuiBeM'b ro4y BeaaAo^ro 
40 cBoeii ROBHBBbi (oT-b 13 Anptaa) — yauBTb a npoBiAaxb^ 
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AaaTojia, npacoBORynajn: umu TBM'b yace aamja Koe*HTO 4«ia 
BCTopia KpbiMaD. 

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4ecTBa, xeRja ara cMaBSaa, MBoroTpy40Baa acaaab, a, jraae amho 
nu4io4eBaaa, laxo npa6wiH»cajacb R-bcaoeMy Hoauy. CikBacTynje- 



K^ OT«lBTy. 



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BieMi> HbiHiimHHro r04a, ITpeocBflmeuHbiH Bce HyBcrBosajcb ce6ii 
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apoaauecnb cjobo o darpo6HO& h{R3hb: to 6bUH yme noc.'i1>4Hiii 
ero c^yHfi^a h nponoB'b4b. 26-ro qac^ia oni* tahcro aadoj'fej'b B'b 
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apa6bij'b wh Hee, a 26-ro, B'b 4eHb comecTBia Gb. Jlyxa, BbTOT-b 
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jBTypriio B'b O^eccROM'b Co6opt> npa BcryiijeBin aa eaapxiio, 
MBpHO npe4a4'b 4yx'b cBoH Bory, B'b qeTBepTOMi. qacy yrpa. 



dHaen-b, no s^emn MJtn nojoaro a 6e3apfltTpacTBaro cy4a o 
noRofiaoM'b IIpeocB. HBHOReHTin eme ae aacTajio; uo ae mosceAfb 
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aia. 9to 6biJi'b qejoBtaib, bi> co6cTBeBaoii'b cMMCjIi, reaiajbabia: 
BUCORiS, cwkrjih^A, opoHBaaTeJbBbiB yM'b, Bcer4a 6oraToe, ae- 
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B6b]CTpaH coo6pa3HTejibaocTb, TOHKiii a apaBBjbabiii BRyci>, 4ap'b 
TBop'iecTBa, BsodpliTaTeJbaocTa a oparaHa.ibaocTa, coBepmeaHliB- 
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Ra^'b, Boeropraj'b yMbi ciyniaTe.ieii. Ho ao caMOMv cR^ia4y a aa- 



LIV nPH40IKKH1ll 

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Poccia, a ero aRa4etfR4ecRie ypoaa* a caiibiH ero 40HaniRia 6e- 
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BO Bcer4a oparaHajibBbid a B40XH0BeHHhifi, Bcerja odiiieAoerya- 
flbiK, Bcer4a npoa3B04BBau& iiaraHeGRoe BJiaaie aa cjymaTejiett, 
BejBRifi He cTOJbRo Bii ne«iaTBbix'b ceoaxii opoaovibAax'b, Roropua 
ae Bcfc MorvTb BbuepacaBaxb crporyio RparaRy, cR04bRo Tor4a« 
Ror4a OHii apoHSBocajL-b axi*; axo 6biJi» reaiajbaufi opaTopi>i 
HiieHHo Ha RaeeAp'b iiepROBHOfi... KaRi» nacare^b PyocaiA, Dpeoca. 
TTaHOKeBiifi, no cnpaBe44aB0CTB « 4o.iaeea'b saaarb o4aoB8% nep- 
BhixT* uiicrb Bi» acTopia PyccRott ABTeparypbi; a rbr^ npoooBt4- 

4 

HHR'b. OH-b 3a8MeT'f> 04H0 BSib nepBbixi> M'fccrb Meae4y AyxoaabiiiH 
BRTiflMH, He T04bRo HBiiiero BpeaeHB H oreiecTBa, ao v ac'hx'b 
Bpeaeflb B uapo40BT>: hub HHBOReaTia octaaeTca deacnepTafoiu'b! 



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R% OTVBTF. LV 



11. 



SAimGRA O TPYAATlb AKMKMHKA KOPKyHOBA 



COCTAS«lBHA O. ARA4BIIHR01l'B ■• B. 4ABU40BHli'b. 

Go BpeMesH Ba6paBia KopsyHoia b% dKCTpaopj^Hapaue Asa- 
jeiiBKB. BaoeHaraHia BM'b c«ii»4yiomifl SBBrfl b ciaTbti. 

B% 1 85 1 ixMyt Bbunej'k HetBepTutt toitb «^oao4Heflifi irb Abtbmii 

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iOpeBoaiMi. 

. Bt 1 852 ro4y« BanBcaabi Birb iio4po6Bidfi paadopib sBBn Bo- 
pBeoBa ttOoBGaaie ropo4a IHyB b era oRpecTHOCTeib, no nopyveniio 

« 

MnuBerpa Hapo4flaro IIpocBtuieaiB « b Sanacsa «o qiaxodb aa- 
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KopRyaoflrb RacaeTca a MH^fcaia o npe44oaKeBiB. Knaaeirb IIoBcap- 
cRBiTb PyccRaro npecTOja dpirii-repjiory HaRCBMBaiafly. 

Bii 1 853 ro4yt Buaa-B nBTufi Tovb K^llooojBeaifl r-b ARrairb 
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Maaapia; oo4^BBBoe 4'kio o crpoeaifl b^ 4'fc4B40Bt . Ropa64a 
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€4y»&fe Feaepaja Saynaaa a 4pyrBXi> aaowiiQeiB^ BaaaiiaBniaxcfl 
o6pa80Baaiejrb peryjopaaro BoftcRa vh Pocc]ii» 1665— 1671 r* 

B-b 1855 ro4y« Baoe^aTaabi 4b4i aanaeRB, 04Ba o Raarik 
Aaoca KoneacRaro, a 4pyttiB o pyRoaBaBxi> ARa4eMiRa fl« H. 
6epe4miR0Ba. 

Bb 1^56 ro4y — «liac4i40BaBie o BBe4eBoirfc 6oapBBi Hsaai 
KoB4paTbeBu<it Cy4BiiOBTt, wh asaaiB BejBRORBBJKecRaro Ha- 



LVl DFaJOXCBttlH 

MtcTHHSa yapaB4ABuieHi» KocTpoMoio 11 Bjia ABMipoii b , BO BTopoii 
aodOBHHt XV B'^Ra. HcaopqeHHioe nepeaHciBKaHH bi> Pyc€Ro>ii> 

BpeMeHHHRi CBH4iTeJbCTB0 Bbli34'b Cy^HMOHTa HS-fc .iHTBhl B O 

BpeMeBH ero aaMtcTSB^iecTBa o6i>flCHiieTCfl b BcnpaajaeTCA btb 

B3CJli40BaHiB KopRJHOBa. 

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co4iiiCTBiB AKa4eMBua:A. A. Ky«BRa: PyccRin rpaMOTbi, RacaRv- 
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KopRyaoB^ aaaaiiaeTca oe^iaTaaieM'b Boaaro B84aBia co«iBMeBifl 
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raaaabBoii pyRooaey. 

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4peBR0CTeii. 

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RjatHfijoiiy Hjeay 06maro Gofipaaifl ARa4eMiB. 






no npe4CTaB4eBiiO -Broparo 0T4t4eBia, M. A. KopayBOBir aa- 
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mfiiDAro yTBep3K4eaia. Ki»o6ijaeMy coacajbaiiov KopRyaoa^ ae aa- 
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Baa t euie B-b Docji»AHeM l aKa4eMD4<5CKoi«'b jaci4auiM 1 857 ro^ia, 
a 13 AHBapA 1858 ro^a efo yme uecrajo. Mepi* npaxy necT- 
Haro TpysKeHBKa aa^KH! Ped. 



III. 

3AIIHCKA AHAcrBBTEAhnOVCb GTATCKOMl GO- 
B«THHK« eE40PB HBAHOBHq« TIO'niEBft. 

COCTABwIKHA O. aRa4EM If K0II1> O. A. llwlETHEBblll'b. 

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paaBHTIB, Bl> DpOH3Be4eHiaX'b H4iROTOpbIXl> Ta^aHTOBl* Hep'fe4R0 

yeROflbaaer-b oti> Ra6ai04eHia. ]K. Ht. Pycco copoR^ jitrb Bbimejiii 
Bii aepshiH paaii na noupnme nHcarejieH — « aaBaj-b wemAj hbmb 
aepaoe bi» caoeM'b po4'h mI^cto. Broro HPJbaii Bnane R3i>acBHTb, 
RaR-b rjy6oRBM'b bi» paBBeMi> aoapacT'fc nocTBHceBieuii BaxcuocTB 
opB3BaHia BBcaTedfl. Beai* acHa/o a aojiaaro apoHBRBOBeBiA B*b 
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aeaoauoTKHo aauiBTBTbca orb co6ja3Ha Baal^cTHOcTa a npe}K4e- 
apeMeaaaro nonojaaoaeaia Kh cjaai. 

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MblC4eH, apROCTB RpaCOR-b, HOBOCTB B CB4bl RSblRa. Bo BCCMli 6blJa 

otuyTBTeJbaa catacaa aacTb xy409KBaRa. Oai^ Ra>K4oHy npe4iieTy 
€uo6uiaeT'b acabifi odpaai* , npaB.ieRaTe4baoe noaosKeaie b y4BBa- 



Lflll DPUJOdKBUm 

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Te^bGTByA o 6e3CBdiiH 4apoBaBiji , yenoKOBBaer'b aBTopa diBsocriio 
Tpy4a ero Kh coBpeMeHHOMy ycaixy. 

He crafleu-b D044epHCBBaTb oapaiioRca, mo ua no4p6Hbixi> juo- 

4eM TOJbKO BO BTOpofi BOJOBBBt HX1» »Ctf3HB BBCX04BT'b B40XH0- 

Beaie, b B4pyrb b3i> oRpajeaflaro hx-b yaia BbiSbiBaeilb boojuI^ 
B03My»aBniie o6pa3bi Hano4o6ie 6acBocjoBHofi MaHepebi. Bca Tatt- 
aa, Raaii saniHeao Bbiine, oditaeHaeTca pauaeio xca3K40iO aeTBu- 
uafo coBepineHCTBa, HacTO&«iBBO BjacTayioiiiaro ueaKaii b canojio- 
6ieM'B. TaRBMib o6pa30Bii» a 0. H* TiOTHerb yMtai* ycTpoaxb as'b 
nepaoaavajbHbix'b cbobxi* odutobi* noxaeBHyio ^tcTaauy , bo ro- 
Topofi oo4Ba4ca aa BbicoTy Bpoiaaro ycaixa. Ci* cBoeio paaBeiu 
4k)66Biio Ri> Tpy4aBi'b yMCTBeaabiMii , oB'b bhb naTaji-b ymb cBott 
Bx Tamaai a paaMuoijeaiax'b. ^aaaoMaTB^ecRaa C4y^6a« eme 
Bi> oepaofi ero M0J040CTfl, yajecja ero aarpaaaay. TaifB 0Bi>enie 
60iite ooHyBCTBOBaj'b Beo6xo4BMO€Tb caMoeoBepmeHCTBOBaBia. Ha- 
xo4acb 4ojroe Bpeiia 6Amn jy^iinax'b BcroHBaaoab apocftiaieaia 
a o6pa30BaaaocTB, ecTecTBeaao ou-b CTaaoBajca a R-b ce&fc crpo- 
ace. HaocTpauHbie asbiRa, yeBoeaabie airb RaRi» oTeHecTBeBBbiil, 
iipe4CTaBejiB eny cpe4CTBa Be TOJbRO B3BjeRaTb b3i» bbsi> eoRpo- 
Bflma 4yiDB , bo b paaBepTbiaaTb pa3Hopo4Bbia cbju yHa Brb co6- 
CTBCBBUx-b pa6oTax'b , BODJouiaa mucjb a-b dxax'b BOBUX-b ^op* 
uaTh MbinMeaia. 

Bi> jBTeparypl aamett cHOTparb aa 9. H. TM)T4eBa To«ibRo 
RBRit aa 04Boro b3i> jymnax'b Pyccaaxx iiodTOB-b. Ho MOJ04oe 
ooROjtBi^ DBcaredieit yco'kio yace y6t4BTbca, RaRoM tobriS a Bbi- 
coRifi RpaTB^ecRitt yirb coe4aaaeTca ifb aeM'b €T> Doara^ecRBM-b 
TBjaaTOM'B. Ero Bpoaauarejibabifi BarjiA4'b9 yRaabiaaa aa caMbia 
SRBBua apac'oTbi BcaRaro aoaaro DpoB3Be4eBia , vh to »e apeMa 
odaBMaerb 3Ba"ieBie o6me§ a4ea TBop^ecTBa , naas'b acaojaeflia 
ea t copaaiitpaoGTb a caasb '■laerett a adb Beo6xo4aiibia npaaa- 
4wiaacaocTB acaycGTBa Boo6me. Ecjb 6bi Ror4a aB5y4b noacao 6bi- 
Jio, Wh 40iioJiBeBie ri» ae6ojbnioiiy Hacjy a34aaHbix'b bmii comb- 
Beaii, npB€oe4BBtt'rb ace, ^-bwh oB-byB^eaaerb BaaiiaTewibBbiii yMi» 
RaR'bBy6jLBaacT'b, aaRb 4»a4oco^i>, aaR-b acTopaaii a 4aace aipacrb 
TO 6e3% coBBtBiH Bb ero jaui npe4CTaBRJca 6bi aaaib aaaitMa- 



Kl» OTHSTy. 



LIX 



TeabHMmitt ^eJOstK-B eamero speMeuB , ue TOJbRo do lajaoTy ii 
yiiy, BO H 00 o6mHpHOCTii coBpeveHHbix'b aHaaifi. 

BTopoe 0T4i.AeHie ARa^eiiiH HajR'b no<iBTaeTi» caoeio o6fl3aB- 
Bocriio o6paTBTb BBBuaflie Dpo4BXi> 0T4'bjeBiB sa AapoBaaia b 
jBTeparypBbie ycntxa 0. H. TioT«ieBa , Mcejaa yKpacBTb cnflcoKi» 
HjeaoBi) ARa/ieMia BOBbiM'b 6jLBCTaTejibBbiBi'i> BBieaeMi*, oco6eaao 
BocJtt Toro , RaR^ Bd^ cpe4bi aauiefi aeBOSBpaTBo Bbi6biJB Kpu- 
JOBT> B SKyROBCRiH. Hbrto ae ycoMBUTcii, <ito dTO bmb, 6y4erb jm 
DocTaBjeao MeHC4y DoHeTabiua HjeaaiiB ARa4eBiiB, bi> pfl4y ^b 
^'feiicTBHTejibBbix'B ARa4eiiflR0B'b, BJB aa CTeneaa HjeaoBii-Kop- 
pecooB4eaTOBi> Broparo 0T4'fcjieaifl, ae tfo»ceTi» opio6picTB, bjb 
yrpaTBTb 4to flB6y4b wh co6cTBeaaoM'B cBoeai-b aaa^ieaia , apo^ao 
yTBep4BBmeMCii ajir coBpeMeaBBROBi>. Me»c4y TtBfb oooaipBTe4b- 
Bbifi ro40€i» ARa4eiiifly Bcer4a b Be34'b apiaTBo oTauBaiouiificii bi> 
cep4a'fc BCTBBBo o6pa30BaBaaro qe^oB^Ra , Roaeqao BbiaoBen* aa 
uoBbie yMCTBeaabie Tpy4bi cTOjb sauiRaTeJibaoe 4apoBaaie. 



' . ! 



I I 



€J[ilBflHAIl 



BT> MA^IOH A3m, BT> A*PflK1& H BT> HCDAHIH- 



(b. H. JlABfAHCKAro). 



CJiMMaUK BHb IIIA.10H ASIH. 

I. B'b HacTOflineQ speMa, Kor^a HayRa ^oRasa^a HecoMHteno, 
<iTO AaiH 6bua ROjibi6ejibio n aepBOHasawibuoio p04RHOio C^iaBHH'b, 

BeCbMa nOHATBbl He TOjIbRO B03M0»<U0CTb« BO H UeoGxOAVIMOCTh 

Bonpoca o tomi», coxpaHBJMcb jh 40 riaci* Ranie HH6y4b ca'^am 
Hapo4Hbixi» ope4aBiii CdiaBHH'b o 4peBHeH rxt> Dpap04BB'ib, no4o6- 
Hbixi» TtATb, RaRia HbiH'b oTRpuBaioTCfl y FepMaHneBik? * 

npB cOBepuieHHofi BecoHH'ibBHocTH nepecejeuia GdiaBaBi> Ha'b 
Asm B% Espony, BecbMa acHo BbicrynaeT'b Heo6xo4BMocTb b 4py- 
raro Bonpoca — npB dTOMii nepecejesia Be ocTajacb jb qacTb 
CiaBBBi* wh Aaiii, — xaR^ RaRi», cy4A no afladoria D034HMaiBX'i> 
acTopHqecRB aaB^cTHbiX'b nepecejeaifi, ae TOJbRo Be^bsa npe4- 
DOJiai'aTb, ^To6bi bca macca Bap04a, T'feM'b 6ojite ae Ro«ieBaro« 
ocTaBBja cBoa cTapaaBbia Hcajiaoia, a aaapOTBB^ Toro 4yHaTb 
40J»cBo, 4T0 B'b HBicb Bfor^B y4ep»caTbCfl 6oji'ke BJB Mea'fee aaa-- 
qRTejbBbie ocTaxRB. 

KaKT> 6bl TO HB 6blJ0, BO DpB HaCTOflDIBXTi CB'64'bBiaXli BO- 

npocT> o TOMT« — no BbicejeaiB CjaBaaii b'b Eapony ae ocrajiacb 
JB 6ojiie BjB MeR'ikei 3Ha«iaTejibHaa bxt* qacrb rb Aain, Bonpocb 



1. Grimm. Gesch. d. deotoch. Spr. Ss. 520, 523, 644, 72R, 824. 
YH. 3An. — CJ. 1 



2 B. H. JAMAHGRArO, 

aroTb, oo KpaiiHeuy Hauieny paayMiiHiio, He ua JosaaKHbiii , 4ony- 
cKaerb 4BOflKoe ptmeuie — nojosKiiTewibHoe b OTpHuare^buoe. 
Bii aepeoM'L cay^at, t. e. ecjH nacTb GjaeaH-b ocra^iacb Bb Aaie, 
He4b3A KaHceTCfl He yTBepHc^iaTb , qro CHOuieBiA axi» ci> BbicejHB- 
mHMHca Bxi> eABHODiAeMeuHBRaBia He DpepbiBa4Heb, no KpaiiHocTBt 
404roe BpeMA nocai nepece^ieHia* 

Stb aaMtsauia mm co<i4h aysKHbiMi* npe4DocjaTb KpaxKOMy 
o63opy Hauieny CjaBBHCKHX'b aocejeuia B'b M. AaiH. 

IlepBoe nHCbMeuHoe CBH^tTe^bCTBO o GjaBaHaxi» B'b M. AaiH 

OTUOCHTCfl Kl> VII B. DO P. X., BMeBHO Kl> 664 V. 

BaaaHTiiicKiil ^tToaeceu-b OecHtaHii paacRaabisaerB , sto bi» 
664 r. B03K4b CapaquH-b, A64yppaxMaBi>, cua-b Xawie40Bi>, bctv- 

BBJl* Cb 604bUlBMB GB4aBIB BO B4a4tHifl PBflCKia , OpOBe^'b B'b 

BBXit 3BMy B onycTouiBJi) MBoria npoBBBuia. Upa ceM'b« roBo«- 
pBT-b Oeoo^aaii, CjaBane (oE 2)cXa^rvoe), sacjoui* 40 5,000 «iejc)« 
BtRi>« DpBCoe4aHadiHCb B'b BCMy, nomjB ci> Hhui> B'b Capiio b 00- 
ce4HjiBCb Bi> o6jacTa AaaMettcRoii, B'b ceueHia CKeBORo6o4'b (^v 
)ca>(iD 2)ceuo)cc^oX9) ^ 

LUao^apflKii , yoouHHyBT> 06% dTOBfb nocejeuia, aaai'fcTad'b: 
«apoBcxo3K4eHie , 4ajkHi>Bmia cy4b6bi a ROHe«iuoe H€Tpe6jeHie 
arax-b daaaH'b aaifb coBepmeHHo HeaaB-bcTBUv. 

y (]6u'b-XayRa.ia (Xb.), ecTb, RaweTCfl, yDouBflaaie o C^asa- 
Baxi» B'b Gapin^. 

ToTi» »e Oeo4»aBik no4'b 687 r. pasKasbiBaeT'b , mo BBl^^pa- 
Top-b lOcTauiaH'b II, bi> iioxo4'b cBoii bi» Byjrapiio a CKjaBMaiio, 
onycTouiHwi'b dTorb Rpaii BBJOTb 40 CojiyBa, a orpoMBoe ROiHHe- 
CTBO C^aBAH-b' BbiBej'b Bs-b BXi> OTeqecjBa, qacTbio aacBJbuo, 
nacTbio 4o6poBOJbHO, y A6a4a nepenpaBBJii axi. B'b Aaiio a noce- 
jaji> B'b cTpaa-fe Bja o64acTH OncaRiii, npocTapaBiuefica orb A6B4a 
Ha BOCTOR'b 40 HaRea, a aa ior% 40 AnaMea^. 



1. SiritL II, 75. — Theoph. Paris, p. 289. — AeacTaciil se (Paris, p. 109) ea- 
auMerb CejeasodopB. — Dla^ap. C^aa. 4peaB. g 30. 6. Dpaii. 129. 

2. Rein. loTas. d. Sarrat. en France. Paris. 1836. p. 237. 

3. 6eoe.: iroXXa icXi)^ tcSv 2xXapuv. — Hun#.: icoXXoe rcSv Ixctoc SxAa^TJ- 
vb)v Y&VV). — Soaapa: TcoXXa tuv ^xXa^ixciSlv i^uv. Sir. II. 75. 

4. Const. Porph. de tbem.^ IIla«. ibid. npiM. 130. 



O CJIABilBAXl> Bl> MAJOH A3IH, Bli AOPHR'S H Bli HCDAHIB. 3 

EcTb BOSMOHCHOCTb 40B0JbH0 npu6jH3HTeJbHO Onpe4'6jlUTb Hli- 

cjo CdiaBiiu'b, aepecejeHHbixii H. lOcTHBiaHOMi* bi» M. Aaiio. 
TaRT> TOTi* me Oeo4»aui» roBoparb apo Hero, ito hsi^ nepece^eti- 
Hbixii Bi> Aaiio GwiaBiiH'b ohI) Ha6pa^'b jiiodeU cnocoGuhixt m eoUnn 
H o6pa30Baj'b b3t» hhxi» oT^nxh bi> 30,000 lejOB'feK'b, bc1>xi> ux-b 
BoopysKBj'b B Haasa^'b 0Tpfl40Mi» oT6opHbjii'b (Xaov TTsptoiiaeov, 
aciem superabuodantem , no IXIa<t»apBKy Leibgarde), a bi> uanaab- 
HBRH ero Ha3Ha<iBjii» He6yja (N^^ouXov). Bi> aroMi* orpoMHOMb 
R0diB<iecTB% GjiaBHBii, DOcejieHHbix'b HDcTBHiaBOMi) B-b Al. Aaiu, 

Beo6x04BMO CHBTaTb fl WeBIUBH'b B A^TeA. Hail BSpOCJblX'b 3Ke 

ifyHCRBBTi KOBeqHo Be ueste TpeTB 6biJ0 AW/ieU kii BOHHi se- 
cnoco^Bbixx B noTOBiy ecTecTBeaHo ae nonaBmBxi» bi* arorb ot- 

6opBblB OTpaAl*^ TaRBM'b oSpaaOM'b mm BBCROJIbRO Be y4a4BMCH 

orb BCTBBbi, ecjB CRaxceM'b, Tro GjaBHH'b, nepeceJBBmBxca bi> 
M. Aaiio, B^ 687 r., 6bM0 HBRan-b' ae Meabe 80,000 sejOBtKi. ' 
IIojoHCBBaiBCb Ha aTOTb CjaBaacKitt 0TpH4i>, BHnepaTopi> 
o6%sBiiiAi> BoSay Apa6aMi», ROTopbie no4i> Ba4ajbCTB0U'b Mo- 
raMe4a bi. nepaoH caoeB cxaaTR'fe 6bijiB pa36BTbi FpeRaMB. Mo- 
raHe4'b 4oporBM^ nocyjiOH'B b 6oraTbiMB* o6t>maHiflMH y6'fe4flj'b 
C^aBBHCRaro Boeaa^ajbaBRa cb 20,000 «iejoBi*Ri> nepefiTB aa 
CBOK) CTopoay. FpeRB 6b]jiB pa36BTbi. Tor4a — roBopnrb 6eo«i»aBi>, 
Ke4pflRii, 3oBapa — lOGTBaiaa'b, ROTopbiS e4Ba roacca 6'i;rcTBOM'b, 
noBej'fcji'b BCTpe6BTb Bcbxi* ocTaauiBxca GjaBAaik ex sKeaaMB a 
4'bTbMB, a Tpynbi axi* noRB4aTb B-b mope y tleBRaxbi, 6^B3b Hb- 

R0MH4iB, BeS'b COMB'bnba, CBB4'fcTe^bCTBa dTOrO 6yRBajbH0 OpHBH- ' 
MBTb Wkn HBRaROfi B03M03Ka0CTB. dtBX'b OCTaBUlHXCB CjaBflai* 

6biJio no MeBbmefi Mip'b 50,000 qe^OB'&Rii. Hh (OcTnaiaay, hb 
ero jio4flM'b ae xaaTBJO 6bi aa cajm, bb oxotu aa TBRyio crpa- 

ODiByfo piaam. 

lis n'ont pas mint& 
Ni cet exces d'honneur, 
Ni cette indignity. 

Bcero B'bpoHTH'be, MecTb lOcTaaiaaa paspaaBjiacb aa po4CTBea- 
HBRax-b, Ha coodaiBBRax-b ornaBuiBX'b GjaBflBi> a aa acfex-b 6oj'fee 
HJB Meflie onacHbix'b a noioaparejibabix'b eMy Jiaaaxi*. 

To«iho TaRBce 4yMaeT'b a IlIa<i>apHRT>, ROTopbiii btt no4TBep> 
9K4eHie cBoero Maiaba yRaabiaaeTii b aa to, rto B'b 949 r., no 



4 IK H. jIAMAHCKAIO, 

cBH4'feTejbCTBy KoHCTaHTRHa BarpaHopo4uaro, bt»' oojacTH Oncn* 
Rifi 3KII4H Caasfliie. Bopo«ieMi« Btpo«Tuo T^Ti) 6bMH He 04Hy no-^ 
TOHBH yat^iBiDHX'b npe lOcTHuiaai, bo u ao34ii1>iiinie oepece- 
aeuubi. 

C4aBiiue, Bii sBCj'fe 20,000 HejOjBtK-B, asMiuHBiuie FpeKaifii, 
RaaceTCfl, yHacTBOBajH noTOM b rii pii4axi> Apa6oBi» npa aaBoesaHiH 
BMH Xopacaaa, BOCTOHHofi nacTB Ilepciu. TaRi> ao spaiiaocTB 
ifOHCHO 3aRJK>RaTi» 83% pa3€ca3a Oeo<i»aHa b AHacTacifl no4T> 692 
r. aBocToiBan lacTb IlepciB , BaabisaeMaa XopacaHi>, 6bKia 3aBoe- 
Bana Apa6aifB. TaM'b bbbjcji H0B08B04BTeji> no uMeuy Ca6uHii9 
ROTopbiH BCTpe6B4i» MBoruxii ApadoB'b B y6BJi> cairoro Karafla». 
no4'B dTBM'b-TO KaraHOM'b pasyM'fceTCA KoM6eaiii, bi> cBoaxxnpB- 
Hliianiflxii K'i> 6eo<f»auy (p. 614 — 5), CjiaBAUcRaro BoenaHajiBHBRa 
He6yjia. 

Orojo 694 r. no c^yMaio Haoa4eHiA MoraMe40Ba na Fpene- 
GRyio HMnepiio, aitTonBciibi ynouHnaiorb o nepe61>»c«iBKax'brCja- 

BflHaXli, R0T0pblXl> 0U1> npBHfl«ll> OXOTHO, RdRl jiK)4eii, xopoiDo 
3BaR0MblXl> Ch M'fcCTBOCTbH). 

BoTi* noKa Bci, 4<Mne4UiiA 40 nacb oti^ Vll a., naBicTia o 
CjaBflsax'b B'b M. Asia. 

Tenepb aaRoaabiMi* cTaaoBBTca Boapocb — ^ (Smjii jh CiaBaH** 
CKifl nocejieaifl bi> M. Asia a 40 Vll b. a 40 664 r.7 Ujh ace 
' nepsoe nacbMeaaoe CjiaBaaaxi> bi> M. Asia CBa4'ikTe4bCTB0 co-> 
Bna4aeTi» ci> nepBUUi 4'ftficTBaTe4babiM'b axii bti aefi uocejieaieaii>? 
Ki> dTOMy Bonpocy uu odpaTaMca TOTsacii no o6o3ptaia 4a4batii- 
maxii cy4e6i» GjaBaai* bi* M. Aaia. 

34tcb axe D03B0jiBM'b ce6'i> nocTaaaTb a 4pyroii Boupoo — 
Cjaaaae AsiiicRie, nepeuie4uiia bi> VII b. aa cTopoay ApadoB'b ■ 
npHHBMaBuiie Bi* axi> 4't4ax'b ae aedaasBTeabaoe ynacTbe, tot- 
^aci> no nepexo4t cBoeMi ri> naM'b Taa'b caasatb o6ycypMaHajiacb 
a 3a6bUH CBoii a3biKi>, cbob npe4aaiH, i(3aRoa'b OTem> CBoax-bn? — 
aja 3Ke oua 6eper4a a coxpaaa^a axi>, a ci> TtMi> bmIiCT'^ ae 
npeRpauiaaa a raaaea cBoaxb ch CjiaaaaaMa AaUicRBMa, ocraBtuM- 
MBca alpabiMB Hainepia? 

npe3K4e, •itM'b npacTynaTb R'b VIU b. a 4aJi'ke» 4wia 6ojbuicii 
acaocTB, no3B04io ce6t> aanoMaaTb 4BTaxe«iio Bci^ Ti Boapochi, 
ROTopbie aau-b npe4CTaBB4acb bohtb caMB C06010. 



O UABflBAXX Bl MA^Ofi AdlB, Vh A<frPBR'B H Bl BCQAHIH. 5 

« 

1. OcrajiHCb JB y Cjiai»flHi> ^A^Ahi BapD4Bbixi> ape4aHiB oo^ 
AaiH; RaRii o 4t)eBHi>fiuieM flXi> DpapoAHB-ib? 

2. npH Bbice.ieHiM C.iaBaHi» b3i> AaiB bi> Espony Be oCra^iacEr 
^B 6oj'fce B^B Mea-ie aBa^BTeJbflaa bxi» qacTb bi Aaifl? 

UpB B03M0»B0CTfl B-B tiacToaiuee BpeMfl itBOflRaro ptineuin 
aocAl&AURro Bonpoca, Becbua noRflTuo, hto, b'b c^y^ia'b OTB-bta ao- 
.lOHCBte^baaro, •fleo6tD4i^Mo apasBarh 3a BcTBBy BecoMB'fcBByio, 
HTo CwiaBflHe AsiiicRie b EbponeiicRie 40.1P0' ae xepa^B cosnauiH 
e4BacTBa ceoero tipoBcxotkAeiiin b raKHCci aoav6 Be npepbisaja b 

CBOHXli CBHSefi. 

3. nocejeuie CjaBflHb bx M. Asia bi* 664 r. do P. X., ciy- 
MBUHO aaaeceHHoe bi> .ikToniicb Busaill'iHuaMB, ecTb .IB nepBoe 
nocejeaie C^aBiFiHii bii Asiiit 

4. y^acTbe GjaBflfl-b bi> 4t>aax'b Apa6oBi> B'b VII b. nk'keTh ah 
KaKoe uB6y4b SflaqeHie bi> ncTopiH ..jaBHBCRofi? HoB^eRJO jb oro 
3a C060D RaRifl uH6y4b Docji4CTBifl? Hm^jo jb oho RaRoe aB6y4b 
B^iaaie aa 4ajbatfiuiyK) acTopiio u xapaKTep'b na34H'i>iiuiBXi>.0T- 
BoineuiH GaaBaa'b ri> Apa6aMi>? 

II* B'b 754 r., DO cJOBaMi> Oeo<t»aua, yuepb MoraMe4i>< oaib 
Hce B A6ydia6a, RaaH^BBoiiB 5 j'tx-b. Bparb ero A64e.]a 3KBjIi» 
Tor4a Bx MeRRi. Oa'b Toriacb BaDBcajii> A6yMycjHiiy h DpocBji> 
ero npBBATb cj'64yK)myiO eMy nacxb RRiiHcecTBa. Ho totb, yaaaBX, 
•iTo A64eja, cbia-b A^ib, 6paTi> CajeMa, rbash CypiiicRaro, do41>- 
BCRBBaetcA 00411 aero b 4a»ce aaMipeBaeTca D04HHBBTb ce6'fa 
Ilepciio, co6pa.ii> DpoTBBi> aero BO&CRa CHpiiicRia. IIpii Tiairb 
4aH0 6biJo cpanceaie, b3i> Roxoparo A6yca^iiMi> BbiDie4i> Do6i4u- 
Te.ieMi>, TaRi* RaRi> y aero 6bUB AaTioxiaubi h MaoHcecTBO Gja- 
BflH-b (2xXapoO^ 

no4i> 762 r. pa3CRa3biBae'rb Aaacxacifi o cMyxaxx Bojrap- 
CRBXi»: y6BJB CBOBX'b B03K4ei], B36paJB ce6'fc bi> Raasba RaRoro- 
xo Te^iexiia. Dpa ceMi> MaoacecxBO CjaBflai> ocxaBUJO cboio p04Br 
uy B BGRawio y6'fcHciiiiia y BMoepaxopa, Roxopuil b DocejB.ii> axi* 



1. Theoph. Paris, p. 350— 800i Slritter. 1. 1. 

2. Aiiast. Paris, p. 147. 



b B. U. 4AMAHCKArO, 

noAi> ApTaHOK). To me canoe aepeAaiOT'B aOeoi^au'b u HHKii«»opi»\ 
y no^a'^AHAro yRaaauo Aame sbc«io 9thxi>^ Qepece^eHUeBi^. 
BoTi. ero caoaa: aCjaBflae, roRyMue h3i» 0Te«iecTBa, oepexo/iaT'b 
Ebkchh-l. 4HC4oii'b Hxi* 6b]J0, roBopflTi>, 40 208 TbicflH'fc. OuB no- 
CQABAuch y ptKii, HaauBaeiiofi Apxaua {iz^oq tov TUoxaiLOv, °bg' 
"Apxava^ xaXouTttt). 

lIIa<t»apHR'b roBopHTb npa aroMii: «Qo H'bKOTopbiu'B H3Bi- 
cTiflM'b pibKa 3Ta eaabiBaeTCfl Huu'b Aghwah h4h Aghweh/a 4peB- 
uiii ropo4i> Apraue 404X€eB'b 6biTb ceaeaie Artakoii> (§ 30. 6. 
apuM. 136). Ueaccb Hce fiB4HT'B wb ue& ptsy ApTaui> (jipxavir]^, 
"ApTavo^), qT6 bi» BueaBia. na 3apa4'b oti» Caarapiii ^. noc«it4Bee 
MBiaie ropa34o BipofiXflie. 

TaRBM'b o6pa3oii'b GjiaBflacRiA aoceueaifl bi» M. Asia noayHaaa 
B-b Ylll B. BecbMa CBJbBoe no4Kp'ikDJeaie, ROTopoe 663^ coMstabii 
40wi»cuo 6biJio apa4aTb ami* cbjix 4^fl y4epHcaBifl a coxpaaeflia 

CBOea Bap04B0CTH. 

Boo6me, ua40 aautTBTb, Roaoaia, 4a3Ke BOBce OTopBaaabifl 
OTi» CBoeii Mif Tponojia , BecbMa 40^ro coxpaaaioTii cboio Bapo4* 
aocTb. FoTbi, noceJBBmiecA Bit KpuMy bi» nepBofi noaoBaa'fc 111 b. 
DO P. X., eme bi> XVI b., 4a9Ke oosHse, coxpaaiija cboio Hapo4- 
BOCTb. Eyc6eKi>, 6biBmifi IlecapcRaMii noc4auHaROMi> bi> Uape- 
rpa4li, 'bi» 1557 — 1564 r. caMi* co6paji» a coxpauaj-b 40 aacb 
afiKOTopbie o6pa3abi bxi> p'ikia, xota a cajbao nooopseauoS, ao 
bi> ocBOBt cBoeii coBepmeaao HtHeuKoii^ Bi III b. 40 P. X. 
oTpfl4'b KeabTOBi* b-b 20,000 qeaoBikKX, cocTOiiBiuiti asTi rpex-b 
Bapo4ueB'b, To jacTo6oeBi»f TpoKaioBi> a TcRTOcaroBi}, aoce^ajCA bi> 
M. Asia (or. 260 r.), nocj^ lero npaii bmb saBATbiH 40^ro aa- 
3biBajcii raaaTiea, rpeRprajaxiefi aaa Fajjorpemefi. Bii V b. no 
P. X. OBB eme coxpaaaja cboki Bapo4HOCTb a Cb. lepouBMy 
fl3biRi» axi* RasaJCA TtMi» Hce caMbiM-b, RaRBMi* rottopa^a TpeBa- 
pbi Bib ero Bpeufl, a Tpeaapu 6hMa Ke^braua^. Tarapbi, ooce- 
.iMBiiiiecji Bi> JIaTB'fc Bi» XIV B.f DOBbiu'b coxpaamoTb cboio iia- 

1. Niceph. Pari^. p. 45. Str. 1. 1. 80. 522. 

2. Zeuss. Die Deutoch. u. die NachbarsL Mdnehen. 1837. S. 628. 

3. Ze 9S. 1. 1. Ss. 430 — 433. lUaMpaRi.. 1. I. t. I. h. 2. c. 247 [n Pycci. 
nepee. 

4. Zeuw. I. 1. Ss. 180—182, 216—217. 



^ 



D GJABflHAXli Bl> MAJOH A31H, Bl, A^PHRtl H Bli aCnAHlll. 7 

r 

poutHocTb^ CiaBflHe, ao Bcefi B'fcpoflTBOcTH rb BecbMB HeaaaHU' 
Te ibHOM-b ROJHHecTBis nocejHBuiiecii bt> UlBefiuapin HHRaKii ue 
ao3Hce X B., a 6bJTb MOHcex'b eme h paabe, 40 uecbMa ue4aBBflro 
BpeaieHH roBopB.ii], a MOffcerii h noabiHi roBopAXb ucaop4eHHbiM'b 

CaaBHHCRBM'b aablROM'b. OflB aKHBVrb B'b AOJBflt ABBSepCROU, B'b 

BajiHccROM'b KaBTOH't, B^ mecTB sacaxi* paacTOHniA oti» ropo4a 
CHTeHa *. 

Do BHaaoriB j»ce 04flflX'B aTHX'B cB'b4'feBifi 6e36oa3Ho mo»cbo 
6bi 6bi40 apo4nojo3KnTb, ito bi> M.Aain b noBbiai^ coxpaHaioTCfl 
6oji'fee BJH Meo'fce 3Ha«iflTewibUhie ocraTRB CjiaB8UCRaxi» nocejeHia, 

OCHOBaBHblX'b Vh Vll fl B^B Vlll CTOJ. BO P. X. 

ECJB »Ce Mbl BCB0UBB]II1> OpBp04y CTpaBbI, CT04b y4o6Byio 

^jiA nocTOflBBbixi> cflomeBiii sKBTeaefi 3a6a4RaBCRaro nojyocTpoBa 

«n» 2KflTe4aMfl ABaT04ifiCKflMB, TO QOfimeM'B, 4T0 flap04B0CTb C4a- 

BiiH'B A3i&CRflxii flaxo4H4acb Bi> BccpaBBeUBo 6o4te 64aroQpiaT- 
ubix-b ycjoBiflxii, q^Mii Hapo4BocTb KpuMCRBX-b roTOBi>, AaiMi- 
CRBxi) Ke4bT0Bi> a lIlBeiiaapcKHXii GjasflBii. He4b3)i opa tomi> 
sadbiBaTb B Mfloro<iBC4eflBOCTB CjaBABx B'B M. Aaia, r4t axii 

Ua40 C<IBTaTb 4eCATRaMB TblCBH-B. 

GBomeaiS cb cbobmh 3eM4iiRaMB a coBJeMeflBBRaiia Aaifi- 
CKBMB CjaBUfle EapoBeHcRie ne noRB4ajiB a 3a6biTb o aax'b ae 
uorjB, noTOMy hto B'B 6oji'fee bjb Mealie 3aaHBTe4bHbixi» Mac- 
xax'b, B-b XIJ, Xlll, XIV a XV b. ohb noctmaja M. Asiio a 
BMeaao rib RpaB, vAb 6bi4a CjaBiiBCRifl oocejeaia. 

HaRBxa XoBCRift ao4'b 1154 r. pascKaabiBaerb, hto no 4oro- 
Bopy, 3aR4io<ieaBoiiy ci> MaayB40M'b KoMBBHOM'b, Hcynaai> Gep6- 
cRiii o6ii3a4CA B'B c^y^a'fc Bofiabi HMnepatopa aa 3ana4'i>< npHxo- 
4aTb Ki> HeMy aa noMoiub cb 2,000 He40B'fcR'b; ec4a sKe eofiaa 
DpoaaoiUeTi) bi> Asia, to noin4eT'b eMy 500 ne^oBibR'B, bm^cto 
300, RaRii upe»(4e odbiRaoBeuao 6biBa40. (Str. II, 183). V aero 
Hce no4i> 1156 r. Mbi HaTaeMi>: ((Maaya4i» Kombbb'B, roTOBACb 
R'b BOBat npoTHB'b Capaubui-b. cb 3ana4a Bbi3Ba4i> Jnrj^pifiiieBnb 
a ApxHHcynaaa ^ajiMauia co BcfcMB ero ca4aHB» (ibid.). 



^ \ 



1. MyxjHHCKiil. H3CJ'b40B. npoHcxoxcAeHiH H cocT. Jht. Tarapi*. Cnd. 1857 
OTA. OTTHGK. H B'b AKTfe Uain. Cn5. yoHB. 1857. 

2( l]]a<i». Cj. 4p* T. I. 4. 2. CTp. 197. t. II. h. 3. c. 1^ h cj. 



K 



8 B. H. JAMABCRATO, 

BecbMa B't>poflTHO, «ito h nocwi'fe ae paa'b u Bo^rapbi b Gep6bi 
noMorajH HinnepiH bt> Asih. O noxo4ii Cep6oBi» si> Adiio ape Ctc* 
<t»aiii MnjiyTMH'fc (1275—1321 r.) coxpaiipaocb o4ho jH>6onbiT- 
Hoe ii3B']kcTie\ 

CTis<t>aHi> JlaaiapeBHMb , H3B'fecTHbifi y Cep6QBi» ooai* pueeeafb 
CTe<t>aHa BbicoKaro, noMora^i> Baii3eTy bt» ero Bofiet Ch Tauy- 

pOMl> CBOHMli BOiiCKOMl> Bl» 5,000 HejlOBtlTb^. 

KoHeiuo noaBwieHie bii M. A3ia CiasiiBi wh TaiCBXi> aaasB- 
Te4bUbixi» cii-iaxib, BecbMa Muoro coA'i^HCTBOBajio DOii4epHcauiio aa- 
poAuocTH GjaBiiBCRoii pi> Roaoaiaxii M. AaiacRax'b. Ecja 6bi B-b 

XIV H XV B. Bap04B0CTb BX1» CTddia SaMBpaTb, TO npaX04'b BX'b 

aeMJinKOB-b Bi) TaicHXii Maccax-b 6e3i> coMB'fcflifl Morb ao4'i^iicTBo- 
BaTh Ha HMXi} TaK'b/Ke, Ranib npoxo4'b PyccRBXi* BoiicRi» ao ABcrpia- 
CKHMi> B^a4'baiBM'b wh Roau'fc qpouuaro b bi aaHaJili abiu'bmaflro 
cTOjf)Ti& B04HiiJi> 4yx'b B yRp^BBj-b BaHaBmiii yaa4aTb Bapo4- 
Hbifl cB^bi CaaBHB'b 3aBa4Hbix'b. Ho o6'h Bcqe3B0BeaiB C^aBaa- ' 
CKoSI Hapo4BocTH, Bi> 3T0T1) nepio4'b« Bi> M. Asia, KaHcercfl ae mo-, 
Hceri) 6biTb a p'tna, t'&mi> CoA^Qy ito MaoroHacjieaabiii KOJioaia 
CiaBiiucKifl, ocHOBaaabiB bi* M. Asia bi> VII — VIII b.. Be tojbro 
coxpaafl.ta cbok) uapo4uocYb bt> IX — X b. a ao3Hce^ ao eme ao- 
jynajia aoBbiii cBtHciA .no4Kp'l>njieaifl aaap. bi> XII b. 



1. lloHTeHBiaft Hamii CjasflBHCTi* B. B. rpiiropoBH<ii> (0«fepRii yneH. nyrem. no 
EspoD. Typuio. Kaaaob. 1848< c 45) Banieji* ero ai o4bomi> xpHCoay^t, b7» moh. 
XBjau4apcK0Mi> Ba Aeoat. Ki> coxcaj'feBiH) obi nepe4aeT'b ero iie oojuiibbiiIMh cjo- 
BaMM. (cKvpi* AsiipoBBK'b UajeoJionb, BcejeBCKiil iiapb, ymojmjL'h Bcecep4eMBHro cbiBa 
^epiKaBiiaro napcTBa iia nomjieTi> boIIcro npOTUBii nepcoai. as AnamoMio, Obi* »e no* 
ABHrByri* MOJeaieM'b recTH OTpBacaeTii 4py»HBy ci BeJHRHirb BoeB04oio noeanoMb 
tpfb6cmpihKa^ ROTOpaa 40CTBrByB'b rpa4a BpaRJiB pa^ocTBO Bcrp'bHeBa Ab4P0Bh- 
ROM'b, H, Bjeauie a-b 4p1iBa, nepeiujia a-b ABarojiio* Ooc.i'b MBornxii cpameBiH no- 
6^4Hja u B03Ujaro4apeBBafl AB4p0BBR0M'b, BopOTB^acbD. 

2. Stritt. II, p. 3»5-356. 

3. TaR-b npo40J»aTeJb Kobct. Barp* , pascRaabiaan no4'b 821 r. o nareacHHR'b 
MiixaiiJ-fe, 'jaMiiHaeT-b, mto ero npoR3B04HJH on T'bx'b Ciaaaa-b (SxAa^oyevcdv), roto- 
pbie MnoioKpamno nepecejajitcb bii Afa^yio Aaiio (Sir. II, 100). KoucTaBTBBi> Ilop- 
<»ifpopo4Bb]H Be paai* »iiTejeu o6jacTn OnrnKiii Baauaaerb CjinaHaiaBaiiiH (ibid.l04;» 
Bi) 949 r. OBH noMoraiOTi> FpcRam-b npoTHBi> Kpura (ib.l05); TaKwe bi> 900 r., Ror4a 

OBH yHaCTB3'IOT'b BMtCTt» Cb 4pyrHMH SeM^lflRaSIM CRUHMH (B3-b OpaRiB, MaKe40BiH); 

TaKSce n b1> 903 r. RMliCTli ci> PyccKiiMii h BpaRiiicRHinR CjaBnuavu (ib. 105, 106}. 
Bi* 1041 i*. oftHTareju oOaacTii OucHKiii yH.-iCTByioTi> ri> cpaweaiH rpeKon'b Cb Hop 




O GjIABHUA\1> BX major A31U, BL A4»PUIK'fi U B'b HCUAUIH. 9 

I 

TaKi) ii3BiieTHo, <ito loaHHii Komiuihi> nocat noxo4a CBoeru 
Ha CepdoBi) ^i» 1 1 22 r, nepeBejiT) ua boctoki> MHOHcecTBo aj'^H- 

HblX-b B oape4'fcjiIJl» BMli BX AffaCTOHCHTeJibCTBO 0J040p(^HblH 

seM.iH B'B o6jacTH HflKOMflAiiicKoii. HacTb axHX'b nocejeuiieBb 
o,6paTiM'b oH'b B^ 4erioubi« 4pyryio 4acTb 3acTaBii4i> njarnTb no- 
AaTb, (Str. II, 175). 

DaxBMepi» coxpannaii HaMii Becbiua jiio6oobiTHbiH no4po6Ho- 
GTH o B03MymeHiH 3THxii CjaBAHCKnx'b QocejeuueB-b no C4y<iaio 
KOBapaaro 00Be4eHifl Muxaa^a Hajeojora cb HecHacTUbiMi> Mja- 
AeuiioAfb loaHBOAfb •/lacKapeMi* , cbiHoiAi* noKOHHaro HunepaTopa 
Oeo4opa t/IacRapfl. 

MHxaii4i» na4eoJori», no BCTynaeaiH bx llapbrpa4ii (1261 r.), 
BTopuHBo B^Hqaj-b ce6a na iiapcTBO, a 3aKOBHaro rocy4apfl» 
Tor4a ocbMHj'^Tnflro pe6eHKa, ou'b. ae B3flJi> ci> coooio bi> Koh- 
CTaOTHuonojib. TBep40 pbinHBiuncb y4a.tHTb ero orb npecT04a, 
MBxaHjii» Be 4aBa4T> eMy BBRaKoro BocnaTaBiflt y4a4ii4'b orib 
Hc^ro ero cecTepi*, aaKOBeu'B BpHKasaj^b^ jBuiBTb ero spliflia. 
DpecTyBBoe npHRasaBie 3to 6bi40 acoojBeBo Bib 4eBb Po}K4ecTBa 
XpuGTOBa. HecnacTBbifi pe6eflORi> 6bi4i> oTseseH-b no4i> crpaHceio 
Vb 3aM0Ri> 4aRBBii3bi. B'b HuDepiB npo6y4H44)eb Bceo6tuee Bero4o- 



MaHBaxH Bi Anyjin. KaRi* bi 963 r., xaKi* h bi 1041 r. ao^i* uMeuen'b PyccRHx-b 
aa^o pa33MiTb Cjaaaai*,. a ee BaparoBi*; rpevH ae aoBeJH <Sbi PyccKHxi BflparoB-b 
qpoTaa-bHopiiaHaoBi, BOTopuzi* nMeaao aaauBajaBaparaMHtGuarangi. Luea Prolosp.}. 

Cm. Annal. Bareases. 1041 Mense Martio decinio septimo iotrante factum est 

proelium Normaooruai et Graecorum juxta flnvium Dulibentis. Et ceciderunt ibi 
multi Russi et Obsequiaoi (Bap. molti Greci Russi et Obseqaaai). Ipse rero Dulkiano 
(ofl-b se Nichiforua cetepanua) cum reliquo exercito, qai r^manaerat ex ipso praelio, 
fugam petieruot in Montem Pelosum* Deinde collectis Alense Maii in unam omnibus 
Graecis apud Montem Majorem juxla fluenta Aufldi, initiatum est proelium quarto 
die intraute, ubi perierunt plurimi Natulicbi (i. e. Anatolici, orientales) et Obsequia- 
ni, Rnssi, Trachichi (t. e. Thraces), Calabrici, Longobardi, CapitinateH. (Pertas. Monum. 
YII, 54). Cjaeaae y4acTByfoTi> ^i» BoilcK:k TpeROBi* bi Brajin. h bi 1027 r. Tairb 
rfe see jiiTon. (Bar.) p(')»cRa3b]BaiO'rb no^i* 1027 r.: ((Hoc anno descendit Ispo chitoniti 
(xoiTcovitr^; — cubicularlus) in Italiam cum eiercilu magno, id est Bussorum^ Guan- 
dalorum, Turcorora, Burgarorum^ Vlachorum, Maeedonum aliorumque^ ut caperct 
Siciliam. Et Regium restaorata est a Uulcauo catepano. Sed peccalis praepcdientibus^ 
mortuus in secundo anno Basilius imperator ; qui omne» frustra rerersi sunt. — 
Bi> qncj'b djnxTi npoRuxi* 6biJH no scett B'bpoATBOCTu a acareaH OncHKia. Tanoe 
coyvacTbe axi> co Cjaaauaiia BBponeiicRaMB BCCbaa aaoro cnoco^oTBOBajo iio/t* 
depiEauiio ii coxpaaeuiio CjiaRHBCRoil aapo4fiocTu vh nocejeauax,'b Majo-A8iiicKBxi>. 



10 



.B. H. JAMAUCKArOy 



Baaie. DaTpiapxii Apceaifi, npe Bcefi c.ia6ocTH CBoero xapaKTepa, 
He 3aMeAJH.ii> nparjacBTb ki» ceC'k 6ja3KafiiDHXib r'b ueiiy jiBm> 
03^ 4yxoBeucTBa ; roBopBwi'b hmi» , mo opa BB4t Tanoro 3jo- 
4'fcflHifl , oaa ae MoryTib ocraBaTbCfl caoRofiabiHB a ape40CTaB4BB 
4BuaMT> CB'&TCKaiiii MeiT» MaTepbflJbHbifi, oaBf CT» CBoea CTopoabJ, 

40JXCab] BOOpyHCBTbCB CBOBMli MeHeMX 4yX0BBblMl», T. e. C^OBOM-b 

BosKbHM'b. Ua Maxaaja najieo4ora 6biJo npoaaaeceao oTjiyieaie \ 
Hero40BaHbe a poDOTi> cjbioiBbi 6bMa BCi04y 4aHce a npa 4Bop'fc, 
ao 4oaocbi, npecji'ib40BaBiB a Ka3Ha cajbao no4tiicTBOBajB aa 
Ma^04ya]Hbixi». 

CjaBflacKie noce4eaiibi bi* ORpecTBocTAXT> Haaea pacnopfl4a- 
jacb bt* dTOMx cjyHat ao cBoeMy a sbicTaBaja caMpSBaaaa. Hai- 
4fl RaKoro-To ocbMB aja 4eBATaj'fcTHflro Ma^bHaRa, oc^'ibnuiaro 
OTh 6oji't3aa, oaa npaaaajia ero 3a loaaaa .lacRapii. 3aRoaaaro 
CBoero rocy4apfl. Oaa OTRpuTo Boscraaa npoTBBi» rapaaa a ao- 
Rjiijacb cTOflTb RptoRo SB CBoer0 HiuaepaTopa. HsBlcrie o6i» 
3T0Mi> BoacTaaia cbjI%ho aaayrajo Ataxaiija, oaacaBuiaroca 3a 
oTjoHceaie aTHXi> oorpaaaHabixi* ropueBX, TaRi» rbri* 4«ifl cao- 
RoiicTBifl HMnepia oaa aM'fcaa BejBRyio BancHocTb; aaRoaeiiii apa- 
uipy axT> Moraa nocj'b40BaTb a 4pyriii o6jacTa. HMneparopi* 
Boca'feaiaj'b orapaBHTb R'B hbmti cajbaoe boHcro. FopacTaa Mi- 

CTHOCTb, nORpblTBA PyCTblMl JI'fccOM'b. BOCTOBaBO 40CTaBJAJa MA*- 

TeacaaRaitfii noBepxaocTb aa4'i» ca^aMa EfiinepaTopa. OT^iaqaue 
CTptjRB, Heo6biRHOBeaao JOBRie bo bc&xI) 4BBHceniAXT>, oaa paao 
BCTomaaa aenpiATejA. Boaaa apBBAja coBepmeaao Hapo4abi& 
xapaRTepT»: saapAxaB'b SKeamaaiv a 4'fcTefi b'b rayuib 4tcoBi>« BC'b 
BoopyHcajacb, rto 4y6Raoio, y Roro ae 6bM0 Me<ia. HanajibaaRH 
BoiicRa HftiBepaTopcRaro CRopo aasj'bTaja, <ito chjoio oaa cb aax'b 
aaiero ae BOSbMyrii; piaiajacb Bpa&krayTb ri» BeperoBopaMi», , 
CTaaa B04CbuaTb to ri» TOMy, to R'b 4pyrouy a3i» aax'b, 06'taiaA 
npoiueaie HuaepaTopcRoe, yB'fcpAA axi>, hto cjisBofi Ma^bHaRi*, 
aaxo4AaiificA y aaxx, BOBce ae loaaai» «AacRapb, KOTopbiii 3aR4io- 



1. Cm. Georg. Pachymeres. L IV. c. 14. Niceph. Greg. 1. IV. c. 4. Phrani. 1. 1, 
c. 5. Lebeau Uisl. da BaaEmpire. Noar. ^dit. (M. de Saint-Marlio et Bf.Brosaet 1.). 
Paris. MDCCCXXXV. P. XVIII. p. 106 etc. CpasHHTe ottpaai A'bAcnifk MHTponojura 
4»HdiHnna cb HaaHOM-b rpoaauMi, 



o caABflUAx-b rb majioS a^iu, bii ao^puk-b h bi> ucqAHia. 1 1 

seBit vh xaROM'B-Td aaMK'fc, bi> newh ohu chmb iioryT'b 4hhho y6t- 
AUTbCfl, oTnpaBHBiuBCb Ty4a.. PaayM'beTCfl, TyrB He o6oiujiocb dea-b 
ao4RyDa. Ut^b 6bua 4ocTHrHyTa, ho ToabKo oTHacTy.. fi^HHOMbi- 

C^ie Bl> HATeSKBHRaX-b HCHea^O, HO TfcMl» He MeHie 60jlb0IHHCTB0, 

Macca RptnRO 4ep»ca^acb 04uaHC4bi DpoHATaro HaMtpeuifl — 

CTOATb 40 ROHIia. FoBOpHaH: aDoJOSKHMli, HaUl-b VaJbHHR'b H BC 

HacTOAmiH rocy4apb, ho Bce Hce uu RjA^acb ero aaiuHuiaTb, 4pa' 
jMCb, a Tenepb B4pyr'b mm nocTbi4U0 HSM'feHHH'b euy h< 0T4a4BM'b 
ero B-b pyRB sparoBbn*. BircTBo ma^ibquRa R-b TypRaMi} oRouia- 
TeJbHo paacxpoHJO MflTe»cBHR0B'b. OuH cTajH nepexo4HTb na cto- 
poHy najeo^ora. Tor4a CTporiA Raann h paaHUfl npecwi'b40BaHiA« 
oco6eHHO H0H<i»ucRauiA BiiyaiecTBi>, paapaan^BCb Ba4i> neciacTHbi- 
mb; oti> coBepmeHuaro bxi> paaopenifl y4ep3Ka'J0Cb npaBHTejbCTBo 
He Bai* cocTpa4aHiA, a Baii paaciera, TaRi> rbrti ropabi Hce\ oxpa- 
HAJB BocTOiBbie npe4'fe^b] rocy4apcTBa oti» Ba6'fcroB'b TypoRi>. 

B'b 4pyr6M'b MtcT'fc, B'b Ba<ia4'ib CBoeii HcTopiB, npacrynafl ri* 
opaBjeBiio MfixaHja Ilajeowiora, naxBMepi> TaRi onacbiBaeT-b 
BaM'b dTB norpaHB^flbifl nocejeHiH, 6biBniifl jiah BocxoiBofi Ifai*- 
oepin rkM'b ace, qtMii TaRii HaafoiBaemafl BoeHBaa rpasHua 4Jifl 
ABCTpia (Militair Granze). dra Fpe^iecRaa YRpaiiBa Bacejena 6b]ja 

JI04bMB- BOBUCTBeBBblMB* B Tpy40Ji06aBb1MB , 6blBUIHIia 6l> 04H0 

BpcMB H aeMjenauiitaMH a BoaaaMa. 

3aM'feTflMi», «iTO naxaMepi* o6paaiaeTCfl ri> nepBOHanajibHbiM'b 
4'bficTBiaM'b FpeROB'b no saaTia KoBCTaHTHHonojifl^ .laTaHuaMH bt» 
1204 r. a no ocaoBaaia 6eo4opoiii» «AacRapeM'b HeaaBacBMaro 
Focy4apcTBa HaReacRaro ^. FpeRB , roBopBTii IlaxaMepi) , 6bUH 
ORpysKeau cb o6'bBX'b CTopoBi> onacHbiata BenpiflTejHMH — .laTHH- 
aaMB a TypRaua. Ci* nepabiMB, RaR-b rocoo4CTBOBaBmBMa aa mo- 
pis, cnpaB4aTbCfl 6bU0 ropa340 Tpy4B'be, ntwh ch noc4'b4HaMB. 
HtcROJibRo aaane 6b]Jo ci> TypRaua. On* bbxi* 0T4'kjflyiB Fpe- 
ROB'b BblCORia ropbl Cb yaRBHB 40JHHaMB , ROTOpbIA 6blJ10 Be- 

Tpy4HO yRp'ibnaTb. Kor4a ycTpoaa-b B'ikcROJbRo rapnaaoBOB-b a 

1. nazHMepi* roBopHT-b: xaura icEpl tou^ TpixoxxiuTa^ xai tou; toG l^uyou 
diaTupagafievoi avexo»po\jv iiz otxuv. (Bonnae. 1, 201). 3a9HaTi> , 6ujh ropubi b 

TpUKOHKlOmhl (?)., 

2. Cm. opeKpacayio Moaorpa4»iio Me^OBHRO^a — JaTuacRie aMoeparopu bi> Koa- 
CTaaTaaonoJt. MocKia. 1849. C. 79 a cj. 



t 






t2 



B. H. JAMAHCKATO, 



e3Kero4HO BbiD.ia«iHBafl 4aHb TypKasrb^ odeaoendjn ce6)i FpeRa co 

CTOpOBbl BOCTOKa^ TOr^a yCTpeMHJlH BC% CBOa CB.Ib1 DpOTI1BT» dd- 

TiiHaeBi>; ocjadnB'bTKe hxi> coBepmeHao, oaa ^aoBa o6paTa.ia cBoe 
saaMaaie aa yKp'fcnjieHie cfeoa^T> B0CT04HbfXT» npe4'6wioB'b. Co3biBaH 
oTOBCio^y cHwibBbix-b B MBorosBCjeBHbiXTi ooce.! eBueBii , npasa- 
Te^bCTBo HaiceiicRoe OTB04ajo BBf-b onpe4'fejieBabia Micra AJn 
SKBTe.ibCTBa, aocTaBaBT> bmt> bti odflaaaaocTb €04ep7KaTb rapaaaoAbi 
Bi> BOBonocTpoeBBbix'b Kp'lknocTHX'b\ HTo6bi GoA'he npHBflaaTb 
HXi> K-b iMyxcd'fc, Bu-b 4apoBaBbi 6bija paaHbifl jbrotbi. TaRaafb 
o6pa30M'b Bi> TeMeHie BpeMeaa ara noceaeaiibi co6pajiB ce6ii 6oAh^ 
uiie 40CTaTKii; T'bM'b ecrecTBeiiH'Ibe CTanoBa^HCb obb Bce 6o^ise a 
6oA'he peBBocTabiMa aaiUHTflBKaMa HMnepia. Majo Toro, laiite^a 
qame cTajB obb Baaa4aTb u1>jbiMa , 0T4twibHbiiMa napTiana aa 
TypoRib, onycToinaTb a paaopflxb ax'b scMjIH. HmnepaTapbi me4po 
HarpaHf4ajB bxt> aa ycep4ie « aaBoeBaBiliee rocy4apcTBy coBepuiea- 
Doe cnoKoMcTBie a deaonacifOCTb. Ho Rar4a no aaruaBiB AarviU" 
iieBiif cTOJaqa HMnepia cHOaa 6bUa oepeaeceMa B-b KeuCTaBTflBO* 
ooJib, TO BorpaHBiBbiff BoflcRa 6biAn aaa^HTeabiio DCja64eBbi, bm- 
4a<ia BarpaH€4eHia a sKa^oBaflia bohtb npeRpaTHjacb. Ji,tikcrBiH 
arog nary6Bofi v1>pbi aaaiRTevibflo ocaaSja^iacb TtMi> cocToanieM-b 
40B0wibCTBa dTax-b norpaaniBflKOBii mjib yRpaiiHaeBi>, ROTopoe 40« 
CTaBjBJo BMi> fiojbmia cpe4CTBa aah Be4eBia BoSfibi bjb RBRib 
IlaxBMepi) BbipasKaerca — aepsbi Boiiabi (veupa TCoXepiou). 

3a TO DocTarjo ax-b uacToamee 6'i>4CTBie, Ror4a HMneparop'b 
MRxaaji> Ilajeojorii aMl>Ji» aeocTopoHcaocTb corjacBTbca fla 
y6tH€4eflia 04noro cdHOBRRRa Xa4aHa, ROTopbiH, oTopaBHBuiBCb 
fla BocTOHBbie npe4t<ibi a Haiiie4iuB Tanx Ji04«ii aeckMa aancBTOH- 
Bbixi» ^, onBca.ii» Bce ax-b HMymecTBO Bb Raaay, npe40CTaBBB'b 
BMi BMf)CTo uero 04By Be6o4bBiyio nacTb, BM'bcTo sKajoaaflba^. 



1. E^ra vwTtt OTptv|>avTe€ fcxovTcov axovTwv depociSv toU opcotv iTcepaXovTo, 
ouxvotfi Si Toi; itavTaxo:Jev dTcolxot^ xal iox'Jpot; xaTo^cpaXioaVcvot dpufiva 
TeixTQ xal oiou duotTctxetpTiTou; i^piyxou; Ttj Pcofjuxtdi lauta xaTfeOTtjaav. (Pacbjm. 
1. I, c. 3. (Boonae. p. 16). 

2. av^paq paSvuXouTou^ eupciv xai xTYjjiaot xal dplfifiaot ppl^ovxa; Pach. 1. 1. 
(Bonnae. I, 18). 

3. eU reooapaxovra vo(jLia(jLaTa t(^ ivl oufiicoocdoa;. ibid. 



O CJAB>IHAX1> B'b MA.loil A3IB , Bl A^tPHIci H ith HCnAUfll. (3 

3Ta AT&pa He aaMeyuiua coBepiDeHtio paaaopHTb nocejeiiqeBi^. Ma.io 
Toro, ^To OHM yTpaTH4ii ope»cHee yeep^ie: o6'fc4HtBx, bun Meubme 
yaae 4opo;Kiijiii cBUBH'b noaoHceuieM'b , ynajH 4yxoilT» , Hcieaja 
opeTKBHB OTBara, renepb ue orb ya TypoRi*, a TypKH ea hmxti 
crajH uaoa4aTb Bce lauie u name, nooinpHeMbie nocTOMuubiMu 
ycnixaMB. TaKUMi» o6pa30Mi> o6jer<ieuo 6buo TypKaafb aaBoeaauie 
BHeouiB, o6wiacTB B'b Bbicmeii creneHB Bawaofi 4^^ Ilaperpa4a\ 

BoTi» ooBcaeie DaxBHepa ^rt^\'h PpaHBqap'b hjb KpaaHueB-b. 
Ha KaROifb ocBOBaHiB, ecTecTBeRuo cnpocBTi> Haci» qBTarejb, chr- 
TaeM'b Mb) dTflx-k nocejieHueB-b aa GjaBUH'b? DaxBHep-b uBr4t He 
roBopfirb 061* BXi> apoHCxoHC4eHiB. 

C^aBaucRoe ax'b DpoBcxoHC4eBie bb4Ho b3t> bxi* o6pa3a >kh« 
3HB, coBepmeHHo cxo4Haro Ranp. c-b 6biT0M'b HaiURXi> RaaaROBi*, 

RdRli 0H1> H3BtCTeU"K UaM'b hdlx BeTOHHRROBl> OTe^eCTBeBBblXli B 

BdTh OHBcaHiM RHOCTpauueBii, Hanp. KoaiaHa. Obh 6biJB aeMwie^ 
oamiibi B oT.iB<iHbie BOBBbi, saiiBMajiBCb DO Bceii b^poathoctb b 
pyKOMecwiaMB, rax-b Karb bi» iiBiTyinyio cboio aiH^xy ob« baba^jm 
6ojibU]BMH 4ocTaTRaMB^ XapaRTepHb Bx^b BeacTaBiB, CauosBaRem* 
B 4pyria ^prbi — ^bcto CaawiHCKia. HaRORen'b Bibi SHaeM'b, ^to 
cb VII B. 8i» aTB Rpan ue pa3i» nepecejaeMbi 6bkiB CjaaHue, Brb 
Maecax-b Beebua 3Aa<iHTeJbHbixi>. B'b XJl b. loauR-b Kombi^hii no- 
ceaB4'b B'b 1122 r. MBOHcecTBO Cep6ovh wh o6^»acTB HBR0MB4iu- 
CKoS. B'b XIII B. B'b aTux'b Rpaaxi*, RaR^b Baa'fccTHo, fibbiB noee^te- 
Hia Cep6cRifl^ 

1. Cm. G. Pachym. 1. 1, q. 3—6. (Bonnae. I, 14^20). 

2. Borb KSKii ooHCUBaerift bxi> DaiaMep-b: ol xara ttJc Nixaiac raxpaxupcTai 
aypoTtti (lev Svrec xal yecdpyt^ 7cpoo£xovre<, !^appaX£oi d^aXXco^, mouvoi ro'Soic^ afxa 
di xal Tttt^ xttTcx o^ac duoxcopCai; to tcigtov Ix^^'^^^ ^^ ^^ ^adico^ iceioofxevoi xav 
rt icpttTToiev.... (1. Ill, c. 12. Bonnae. I. p. 194). 

3. B% BanHoit FpaMorb o paB/fhA'k FpeHecKOit HiinepiB, no cjiy«iaio aaBoevaniji 
Uaper|>a4a JaTMHuaiiJi eib 1204 r., uewtAy npoHHM-b <uiTaeii'b: vProviotia Optimati. 
ProTiotia Nicomidie. ProTiotia Tharsie, Plusiade et Metanoliscum Seruochoriis cum 
omnibusque sub ipsisD. (Tarel n. Tbomas. Font. rer.Yen. I, 475). Cjobo sto MHTaercfl 
BO Bcteik cnHCKay-b BCKaatenBo; Jij^uiee irenie npe^cTaBjaerca b% 04BOM'k ciracK'b 
(Cb. Uapaa) — eum Seruochoriis. yqeaue Ha^tareJiH aecbMa cnpaBe^uiiBO HBTaiorb 
8T0 noTpeqecRB TaKi»: ouv toU Deppoxupioi; (ibid. p. 491). Docejeaia Cep6cKifl bi. 
Bbobbib 6ujui emfi bi> IX b. Taxi bti cnBcrb nepKBOtt , no4*iBBeuHbii'i> narpiapxy 
UaperpaiiCKOMy , cocTaBjeBaoMi> tibBOMi* My^puu^ (Leonia Sapienlia [a. 886—907] 
index ecclesiarum, throno Cpolitaoo parcQti.om), *iMiaeiirb: Till. Tc^ (»• e^ htia^nt^ 



14 B. n. JIAMABCRArO, 

« 

Bc4'b4CTBie HOBtfiinaro oepecejeHiH (1122*r.) Gep6bi, a raic- 
Hce Bojrapl»i, paayM'fceTCfl, yRp'baBJH cboh ^aBHRmHifl cbash ch 
M. Aaieio b idjib Ty4a t'^h'b oxoTHte, h6o HaxoARJin Tain* cBOBX'b 

COQJieMeHBBROB'b, 3eiMIIR0BX B AdHCe p04CTBeHHBR0B'b. EcjIB HCe 

CjaBAHe 4o6poB9JbHO nepecejfl4BCb 8i» M. Aaiio 6e3o BCflRaro 
apH3biBa CO cTopoBbi npaBBTe^bCTBd BaaaBTificRaro , to rfeH'b 
cRopiie H oxoTflie robcrbo oooub obb fla opBr^aoieHie HBReK- 
CRBx-b rocy4ape&, ROTopue Ha&4A yTRe B'b arBX'b Rpaflxii noce- 
jeBueB'b CjiaBflBCRBx-b, opBBBMa4ii BX'b oxoTflie, qiH'b 4pyrBxi» 
naopo4iieBi», aaop. A46aHaeBi», TaR^ RaRii 4^fl rocy4apcTBa 6biJ0 
BecbMa BdxcBQ, «iTo6bi MeHC4y HCBTejHMR BoeBflott rpa^BUbi ro- 
cno4CTBOBa40 e4HH04yii]ie, a ae cHyTbi a pa34opbi, ROTopue Be- 
4erb 3a codoio pasBOOJieMeHRocTb. 

H TaR-b GjaBflBe nepeceanjacb' B'b M. Aaiio B'b VII, VllI, B'b 
XII fl XIIl B. — no 6o4buieii lacra B'b o4H'6 b rfc see M'ibcTHOCTfi, 
apeBuymecTBeRRO B'b BfleHBiH. Bbime mm 40Ra3a4B, hto wh IX — 
X B. B 4aHce no3»ce CjiaaflBe AaificRie GOxpasAJiB cboh> flapo4HocTb, 

HTQ BflpORCM'b BOBHTBO H 6e3'b BCflRBX'b BB TO CBH4'fcTeJlbCTrb. Bea'b 
COMH^BiA C0XpaBfl4B 66 B ropa340 a03»Ce BO n6pBblXl> nOXOMy, ITO 
6bl4B MB0r0RBC46HBb1, BO BTOpblXlt BOTOHyt RTO BM'fcjB OOCTOAHBblll 
C006lI|6Bifl CT» CBOBMB 3681 JflRaMfl B COnjeMeflBBRaHB lEBpooeHcRBMB. 
^'bfiCTBBTeJbBO, B'b 821 r. FpeRB r0B0pH4B, HTO G4aBflBe 

MHOiOKpamno aepece^ajiBCb B'b Asik), Tor4a RaR'b wl'tTonacabi yao- 
MBBaiOTb 40 821 r. TO^bRO o jpex'b Depece^eaiax'b. RaR'b cjy- 
qaSfl06, HBMOX04aoe yBOMBaaaie BaaaBTiaiieB'b o6'b amx'b Tpex'b 
nepecejeaiflX'b, TaRi* a cjOBa npo4043KaTeja KoacTa'RTBRa BarpB- 
Bopo4paro o HBoroRpaTBbix'b nepece4eBiAX'b CjaBaa-b B'b Aaiio 40 
821 r. — BecoMB'feflHO 40Ra3biBaiOT'b, HTO Bb Bepio4^ VII — IX B. 
6biJio Be Ma4o c4yiaeBi> btrxi* nepece^eaitt, o ROTopbix'b yMoanaafl 

BCTOpaRB. TOKXe CM/HiCM dOMHCHbi 6bUU 6bimb dibUcmsumedbHO HB" 

pjhdKU^ KOKb en amofM, mafcb u e6 noadHfb&mU nepiodn. 

noc4'fc c4'64yiomBX'b coo6pa3KeBifi <iaTaTe4io ae Tpy4ao 6y- 
4eTb y6t4BTbcii B'b copaBe44BBocTB dToro oojoHceaifl. 



Ntxaia;, Bi^uvCa^. l/OModptiviic, t^roi MeX-^c 2.^0 At)^ot}C. 3/0 Top^ooepPttv. 
Cm. Tafel. Const. Porphyrogen. de Provinciis Regni Byunlini. Lib. second. Europa. 
Tobingae. 1846. p. 46—47. Tane Zeass. L 1. p. 628. 




O CIABflUAX'b BTh MA^OU A31H, Bis At^^HRtl H Bl> UCnAHIH. t5 



B'b 768 r. HvnepaTop'b KoHCTaHTHui. neperb oocjob-b cbohxi> 
BbiRyoBdi'b y GjaBflucRBXi» RHBaeii (MaKe40BCKBXii) co4ep»caBioux- 
CB y Hflxx xpacTiaHCRBX-b D4'tBflflR0BT» B 3axBaHeBBbiXT» BMB ua 
ocTpoBaxi IlHdpo, Tefle4oci b CaMoepaRiB. 

EcwiB dTB CLiaBflBe pbicRajB no ApxBoejary, to KOfleqao ae 
ocTaBJfl4B Bi» noRoli B 6eperoBi> A3iBCRBxi>9 rAl^ Ranii Banp. B'b 
CapiB y3Ke 6buo nocejeaie CaaBHBCRoe, nepe^aBiueecB Apa6aM'B 
B^ 664 r« Bi* dTOAfb D0€4'fe4fleM'B CjaBBBe rpe<iecKie Bcer4a mo- 
r^ia Baxo4BTb pa4yioBb]ii BpieMX, B04o6BbiK TOMy, RaRoii BCTp'fe* 
«iaforb PycGRie y HeRpacoBB^eai, CdiyHcamax-b bt> Bottaaxi* TypoR'b 

npOTBBli PyCCKBXli. • 

EcTb JB B03M03KB0GTb yTBep»C4aTb, 4T0 B'b GapiB B 6bl40 BCe-* 

ro Ba Bcero TOJbRO 5.000 CjiaBUB'b ? Iloqeuy bt* Bocji'jk4€TBiB oaa 
He Moraa BpBB4e<ib Ri* ced'fe MBorax-b 4pyrBXT» csoaxib copjeaieB- 

UBROBli, HCBBBlBX'b Wb A3iB7 DoReMy BBROBeaii OBB CBMB BC MOr^B 

CJi40BaTb apaMipy yace apeH<4e bmi» noRa3aHBOMy? Ky4a 4'fcjiacb 
rfc 20,000 CjiaBBB-b, nror flepe4a4BCb Apa6aM'b apa lOcTBuiaBt. 
Bi 691 r.? A aepe6tac4BRa CUaBflae y ApaSorb, yaoMaaaeMbie 
BB3aBTiBiiaMa ao4'b 693 r.? A MHOMcecmeo GaaBBS'b, yqacTByio- 
max't BT* BoflCK'ib Apa6oB'b bi> 754 r.7 

CLiy^aBBoe yaoMBBaaie BB3aBTiHaaMB o CjaBaaaxb wh pn- 
4ax'b Apa6oBib y40CT0B'ipHe'rb aacb bi* TOMit , sto o HBorax-b 
4pyrBX'b nepexo4axi> 6438118% aa cTopoay Apa6oBii yM04<iaHo 

4'fcTOflBCaaMB. Me3K4y C4aBBBaMB rp^eCRBHB a Apa6cRBMB B'b 

Aaia BeflpeHiaBO apoBcxo4B4a nocTOBaabifl caomeaiH. Otii Toro 
Bib noc4ii4CTBiB fl Bepe6'iraJB CjaBaae R'bApa6aM'b; tbrbmi* o6pa- 
BOM'b a y C4aBfla'b EBpoae&CRBXT» 3aBfl3a4acb caouieaiii gi> Apa6aMa. 

Cjaaaae MopeMcRie B03vyTB4Bcb opoTBBT> HMaepiB B'b 802 — 
811 r. a cTa4B ocaHC4aTb IlaTpacx, upa •leM'b, ao CBB4'i^Te4bCTBy 
4'&ToaBcefi, noMorajB bmi> A«i>pbi a Capaabiabi. 

Bi> 923 r. CaiieoBii , aapb Bojrapciiifi , 3a4yMaBi> saBoeBaaie 
Ilaperpa4a, OTnpaBBJii 80040611 B'b CIsBepayio A<i»pBRy ri> Apa6- 
cROMy Xa4B<i»y 4>aT4yMy, ope44ara4'b eMy BM'fecT'ik b4Tb aa Uape- 
rpa4'b B pa34'b4BTb 466bi4y aopoBay. 

noTOMy^To BecbMa B-fapoiiTao, hto icaR'b C4aBflae 6ecca4i&- 
cRie, TaK'b M MopeficRie xo4a4a B'b A3iio a 4aH€e 6biTb M03KeTi> 
ce4B4BCb B'b Befi; euie BipoBTaie tbroo Bpe4iio403KeHie otbocb- 



16 B. H. JIAMAHCKATO, 

TewibRo CjaBHiii> MaKe40HCRHXT, rpa6HBiDiixi> bi> VI 11 b» octpoea 
lfiii6po,.TeHe;^oci> n CaMoepaRiio. 

FlaMatrTHfCb Vlli hjh IX b., ^arie Cb. ^mtfntpin Gb^yiifcfCaro, 
pa3CRa3biBaeT'b, paute 695 r., dpo G^aBHHX ManeAortekdit'b, «ito^ 
^IpdfoBHMH, Cary4aTbi, BejereaaTbi, Bohhuhh (BaioiiiiTbi), Bep- 
3iiTbv u 4p.« Bi) cBomc^ di04Raxi> 04ao4epeBRax'B pbidita^H no no- 
pio, rpa6MJ[ir Becca^iiio a o&pecTRbie o'cTpoBa, 9^^a4y a ocTposa 
KBKja4cRie, ficio A^xaiio, duiipi» a 6ojbulyfo 4acTi; Haji^aRa a 
«(actn6 AdiUf dice 8to rpa6ii:iB a o^ycTomaJtar^ 

ToTi» 3Ke aaMflTHaRi> coo6inaeTi» HaMT», <ito orojo 685 r. a 
DOSHce: aCTpaMOBiibi H Pyuxaubi (s'tTBa GjaBAH'b MaRe40HCRax'B)« 
cocRy4HBi> DORoeMi>, p'^iDB^acb uoDbiTaTL CHacTbA Bi> 4pyruxi> 
uicraxii. Oua 6pocajacb aa cy4a a craaa rpa6aTb Ropa6ja ci> 
xj1>6oui», njbiBuiie bi> KoucTaaTauoaojib, to Hce C4'fciajia a c% 
ocTpoBaMa a cb E^iwiacnoBTOMlb, bpoauRja si caMyio IIpouoBTa4y 
a 34'fccb onycTomaBii; odaacTa IlapoccRyio a npoRoaescRyio , 40- 
xo4ajia 40 caMaro KoacTaaTaHonojbCRaro nopra; HaRoaeaT) 060- 
rameaabie 4o6bi4eio a n^'baaaRaMa B03BpaTajacb^B'b cbob Mtcxa^. 

MopcRie pa36oa a rpa6eH;a, cana RopeaaBiniecfl aa cTpacra 
a apBBbisR'fc Ria Hopio, RoaeHBo pasBBBaJB Bi» dTBx^ CjaBflaaxi) 
CTpainayio y4a.Ab a oTBary, ROTopufl ci> BpaaaTieM'b XpacriaacTBa 
a CB CMflrqeBieAfB apaBOBi* ae acsesja, a TOwibKO npaflfljia 4pyroe 
aaapaBjeaie. Dpexcaie pa36o&aaRa a oTJianabie MopakB, obb cra- 
JB B-b noc^'k4CTBia daaaMaTbCA ToproB^eio. 

TaRaMi> o6pa30Mi> sechMa BipoiiTHO, mto Be TOJibRO 40 IX b., 
BO a ropa340 no3Hce CjaB/iBe MaRe40BCRie abctuiajia Asiio a 4a- 
Hce cejia^acb b-b aeii, qoctoabbo Ty4a BpuBvieRaeMbie Be TOJbRO 

B^I040p04ieM'b BOHBbl, Be 04BtMfl Bbir04aMB TOprORJB, BO B 6blT- 
BOCTbK) TdMlb CB0BX1> 3eM^AR0B'B. 

(lMBepaTopi> lOcTaaiaBii b'b 687 r. BoeejiBjii> orpoMBoe ro- 
jaqecTBo CjiaBHBT», ae Mealie 80,000 lejoBbRi (cm. Bbime) bt> 
o64acTa OacaRiii oTnacra Bacajbao, oTHacTa 4o5poBOjibBO nepe- 
cejaBBiaxcii B-b M. A3iio. 



1. Cm. -CT. en. 4»nAa|feTa. Cb. BejiiKOMyn. ^nMUTpiii h CojyucKie CjiaBifBe. Hti 
M. 06m. BcT. H 4p. AlocRsa. 1848. Jl^ 6. G. 19. 



t 

v 



O CJlABflQAXl* Wh HA^pn A31H, Bl> A<I»PHIC« M Bl> HCnAHIH. 17 

4o6poB(UbHo Depece^UTbCfl bi> M. Aaiio uoraa CaaBHHe ooto- 
my^ vro yHce 3ua4H ee. ' 

Bi» 762 r. oROjo 208*000 C4aBaHi BodrapcRHX-b, B-b cji4- 
CTBie ycodflmk h 6e3nopii4ROBT»« ocraBJAioTi cboio po4iiHy h .40- 
6po804bH0 nocejaioTCH B'b Al. Aaiio. HpeHcaifl CjaBAHCRia bi> eefi 
noce^efliA ee Morju HM'b ocTasaTbCii HeuaB'fccTBbiMH. 

H'bT'B HaRaRoii bo3mo»cuocth h Heo6xo4iiMocTH yTBepHC4aTb, 
*iTo BojrapcRie C^aBBHe HHRor4a He X0411JB h ue nepecejji^iiCb, 
vh 6oA'be H4H Healie suamiTeJbUbiX'b cH4axi>, B-b M. A3iio, BOBct 
noca'fe4yioiuiii BpeMeua. UanpoTHB'b Toro, coo6pa»cafl y4o6cTBo 

C006llieHi&9 CH«IbHbia ROdOUlH CjaBAHCRlfi Bli M. AaiH, ROTOpblll 
40JirO 40wiHCHbl 6bIJIH COXpaBUTb CBOiO Hap04U0CTb H 44A TOro 
CwiyaCBTb BpuyROH) B apBMaBROlO SCtM-b Be4OB0JbHblMl> CBOBM'b 

aeMJBRaM'b EBpooeiicKBM'b, coodpaHcaa HaROBeiii* ToproBbia' CBii3fl 
cb Aaieio b 4aBUBUiHiii a oocToaHHbiH xoHC4eBifl CTpauHBROBTi 
BoarapcRBx-b aa aoR.ioHeHie rpo6y rocQ04U(o, — mm Heo6xo4BMo 

4CMH£Hb] BpB3BaTb, HTO C^aBAHe EojrapCRie Be pa31» BblCbUa^B 

B3i» cpe4bi cBueu nuce^euifl B-b M. Asiio b 40 XVll b., Kor4a, 

KaK'B UaMb 40CTOBtpHO BSB-feCTBO , 6blJa OCBOBaHa HblH'feflJBAB 

Bo.irapcRaa RoaoBia ao44li llBKeB. (06'b dTosfB BUHce). 

Uo yRa3biBaA Ba scb 6aaroupiflTHbia oocTOBTe^bCTBa, noMO- 
raBmia 40jroiiy coxpaBeaiio GwiaBaHCRoii Bapo4BocTB B'b M. Asia, 

Mbl Be M09KeHl> B Be 40a»CBbl CRpblBaib 0T1> SBTdTCJa B o6CTOa- 
TewlbCTBl* npOTBBOaOJIO>KUblXl>, KOTOpbia 6blJB B He MaaOHHCJiefl- 
BM B Be 6e3CBJbHbl. 

nepexu4^i CjaaaH-b AdiiicRBxii Rii Apa6aarB, Roropbie Be MorjB 

6blTb OCOOeHHO pt4KB (RaRlt TO Mbl y»Ce BH4tjH)y dBdHBTeJlbflO 

ocaaSwiajB CwiaBaHCRia rojouIb Bb M. AsiB. 

C^aBaHey nocejiHBuiieca B'b M. Asia B'b VII b Vlll b., no 
6ojibniefi HacTB, paayMbeTca, 6b].iB a3biqBHKB. 06panjieHBbie B'b^ 
xpacriaBCTBO , ohb npauajiii bt» cBoe 6oroc4yHceuie a3biKi> Tpene* 
CRiB. Do34fli&u]ie G^aBaBCRie oepece-ieHUbi MorjB y;Ke npBBo- 
ciiTb vh M. A3iio H cboh GjaBaHCRia 6oroc^iyHce6iibia rbhpb. Ho 
ey4fl no BOB^iiuieMy o6pa3y 4'ikiicTBiH I^peROBi> oTHOcuTe^bHO G.ia- 

BaBl», Mbl CHtdO MOHCeM-b yTBepHC4aTb, HTO B Rli GjaBaRCRHMl* 

rioce4eHiaMi» bti M. Asih 6bi.iM npHMl^Haeiiibi Bcb B03MOM«Hbia M'fe- 

pbl, JBinb 6bl 0rpe4BTb BXb. 

yn. 3AO. — Gj. 2 



18 



B. H. 4AMAUCKArO« 



daBoenauiH TypKOBb, hxi, nocejeuia, Do6opbit bbcuMh b o6pa* 
lueuie bii HCJiaMHSMik , KOTopoiiy (LiafiflBCKie iiocedieHUbi Horjitf 
ii04AaTbCii uerqe, TaKi» KaRi>, DpRHBuafl yseeie UepsBH Ha nabiK'fe 
4iMi> ueoouaTHoafb, ohu iie MorjH 6hi7h TBep^biUM h BtpBumi 
xpHCTiaHaMH — Ha ocaoBaBiH bcIxi* aiuiLii coo6pa}KeBifi Birtcrb, 
4043KHO uojaraTb » ^to bi> aacTOJimce Bpeun b-b MaJo& AaiB ecjH 
H ue coxpauBaacb CiAaBaHCxaa cTuxia bo Bceii HBCToribt to 
T^Mt He Mente ocraBHaa no ceddb junoro cj'feAOB'b KaR'& bi* 6biTt, 
TaRii B BT» aabiKt, o'fecHax'b, HaoiBax-b, BaROBemi 4aBte wh 
ii»B3B<ieGRBXii DCo6euuocTaxi> acHTejett utROTopux-b ^acreH Ma- 
jofi AsiH. 



\ 



111. n.yTemecTBie no M. Aub 4.ia arHorpa^HiecRaro R3Cjit/ioBa- 
flia ocTHTROBi> 6biBmuxi» Bi> aeii CaaBHucicHxi> noce^ieHin uorjo 6biy 
CMiio 4yMaTb, npBHecTB noubay nayRt. IIo4TBep9K4eHieiii> arott 
MUGJH MQHcerb iie»c4y npoiBMi* cjyHCBTb BeobMa aio6onb]Tuoe aa- 
BicTie iio<iTeHflaro h BecbMa ua4o naMB iitHHiiaro, crapBHiiaro 
oyTemecTBeBBHRa nainero — BacHJia FparopoBBHa BapcRaro Q^a- 
KH Ajb6oBa \ TaRi>y onBCbiaaa nouacTbipb Cb. CaBBU lepycajBii- 
cRaro, DHi* roBopBTb iiieHC4y npoHHMii: ctBi^ rpaiieat (uouaxB) sre* 
Hia Be MHyTii , paaa'b npB rocxaxii, noHe»ce cyTb act npocTbi b ue 
paayMifOTb ne tormo RUHSKaaro nacaHia, no mhotu cymb ujict ml 
FpeHechato npocmaw HSbiKa yjufhtom^^ KpoMfb Typeufcato u ciu cymb 
oma AnamoMU uOib'Jtre Mauo XpucmioKb, Xpucmieuie 60y WHce eh AhU" 
mouiu^ aetb no TypeuKu fieerbdymmb^ u dpyioio nabiKu ue iHOtamh; au^e 
otce u FpeHecKiH KMmu «a vfipvKWb Htnymt^ ho m ptuyMtbtomt: wqko 
60 moKMo uayuoHmiCH m^ientH padu t^epKOHHow^ Oa XpucmiaHCHaH 
Hibpa He fid«(eaaem»» (1, 209). 

* Bi> 1731 r. BapcRifi aposKaji* bi> KapoMOHiUABaABB. aCewieB- 
Ria 6auie BBor4a rpa4i> MaoroaaaMeaaTii r npecjoByrb, o BeMi> 
Hce H B-B ^'bauiax'b AnocTo.ibCRMX'b aocnouHHaeTca, aro ora-ibJUiA 
TaMO Cb. AaocTOJbi aa DpoaoBt4b BoHcecTB. EBaare^ia; abint me 
o6HBuia H ecTb, bro ntRaa Becb^ otctoht'b orb Kanpa u]ecTbi04e- 
caxbMB HBjaMB, aa crpaat C^feBepaoa, aa aeaiat aejaRofi, aapa- 



1. Dtmei04iia B. T. 6. A. ypoxeima RiescKaix), MOHaza AaTioiiftcKaro, uyre- 
awcTBie ki> cBaruM'b M'^crain-K.... 6-e ■84. 



O CJABflUAl^ ITb MAwloH AdlH, Blk A4»PBR'1b H Wh HCDAHIH. 19 

naeifofi AaaTOji^, npu 6pe8l MopcROM-b, npa ropax'b BejBRBi-b, 
BiiaTb Hce B KpisnocTL ocu6ro ott* ^asHO aAaueyio b soopyHcaHByio 
paAB eparoBii. TaMo Be tohiio TypRB o6p'feTafOTCfl; ho u XpucmioM 
jmimo CB CsHWi^HHUKajm u t^Ktm w cejm put^Hcmeywm^ ovm uHbum 
empam^ juco uMbiMb nsbmoMb ne 6ecw&yKmib momiio Typeuftujn^^ no-' 
ciuufimB napo&t eecb , «b eanoi€UBb o6yemb temh « na wjioeax% My09cie 
nocHmt HiMctA HMComn manicu Cb aauuetubi u apHmeH 6btmu cmpaui^ 
MM npuiaeMt^Mb» (1, 363). 

OoBCbiBaa CBoe n^aBauie oTi* KBnpa R'b Cbmocj, BapeRiA fq* 
BopBTB Me»4y apo"iBMi»: ulTLo bch 4bb BMyme atrp-b npoTBBeR'b a 
MBorB openaTCTBia orb CTpaxa b ocTopoHCBocTb OT-b paa6o8BB- 

KOWh MOpCRBX'b, 0B0r4a HCe THUIBH'fc CJyMafOlUefiCB , Cl» BeJBRBM'b 

Tpy40in» aec^aMB rpe6oxoMca, b yMe4JBX0M'b Ba Mopt 4Bifi ocMb- 
Ba4ecaTb4 ae 0T4aj8X0Mca Hce 4a^eHe Ba liiBpBuy uopcRyio, bo 
njiOBOxoMi* BocRpaii AHarojia aeMja BeJBROB, orry4a 4a9Ke 40 
Mepaaro Mopa R'b seMA-b^ FpyaaflCRoS DporaaaeMoil, io»ce BMt- 
xoifb B^ crpaB'fe npasoii; mhmo B4oxomii ace no qnfly, aa^ieBuiB 
orb Kanpa, 'crpaabi a rpa4bi caueBbi: KapoMOHUo^ Anaiio, Ajmm%h}^ 
CB eCTb Hu uduo ; eh cuxb mpext cmptMoxb XpucmtOHe ue yjuhfomb 
6ecn>doeamb uhmm^ hsmkom^ moHm Typet^KUMh^ noneotee majno JFpB- 
emia/ib mom , AtapRKb Mce MHOMcecnMO , u MumoMbmHato padu oicu* 
mdn notySwua PpwecmU hsmk^ u eee npuerbmemeie uxb, Moautnebi u 
noytetiin m ufipKHOXb omb csHu^eHNUKb 6bieaeMb9ji, Typet^KUMb dia* 
jUKmojun tMUOJUomcR , moHuo nwme u Hmenie ufipKoenoe meopHfnb no 
nmebMeHOMb FpeHecKUMb^ o6aHe omniodb mmmo ne pcayMJhwmb ROKt 
mjffiiBs (II, 63). TaRHce roBoparb obi*: «a 40 34*^ (MapjBRia) ^ti- 
emioH/B 6eeibdyK)mb H3biK0Mb Typet^uMb moHvo; 0TTy4a ace aa- 
<iBBaioTCA, B'b BBX'b Hce 6ec'ik4yiOT'b DO-FpeHecRB a no* 
TypeaRBv (ib). 

Bii npe4noCii'64BeMi> aau'i^iaBia BapcRifi crapaeTGH 06'ba- 
CBBTb ce6'6 aau'fe^eBBbiS bmi* oaRTb — xpacxiaae FpeMecRaro 
6ororjyace6Baro aabiRa ae noHBMaiOT'b, a roBoparb no.TypeaRa 
rfeMii, MTo «TaHo XpacTiaBi) Ma40, ArapflBi> ace MaoafecTBo». 
06'bacueBie 0MeBa4B0 aecbHa ^ey4aHBoe^ Beaii couaiBia, Xpa- 



1. 3a BojrapcRBVfc noaacTupeMii ca. loaaHa PujbCRaro, vh Aeony, jiemwrh 
Apjroit aouaoTfaipii ea. loaHaa lIpeATe4H. Uo^reBBbiM npeeMBBKia Eapcaaro, bboki 



20 B. n. JAMAHCKArO, 

criane, o ROTopbix'B roBopiiTi> BapcKiHi ee 6bMii rpeKaim, a apn- 
HaAAeiKSiA^ K-b KaRoii-Hii6y4b 4pyroH HapoAHOcru , ROTopaa ue 
Morja coipauHTb CBoero «3biRa noTony, B-fcpoaTHo, sto 6bija 
Majo^HCJieHHa ii bx 6orocjysKeHia ynoTpe6^ajia He cboh AabiKx, a 
rpe^iecKiii. U'irb TaRHce coMutuia bi> roiii'b* sto ecju o6iiACHeHie 
Bauie CDpaBe43HB0, to TypeuKia aabiKi* arnxb XpucTian-b He co- 
Bctiii> HUCTuil H coxpauaeTi) ua eeOt 6oj1>e hjh Meu'fee 3Ha4H- 
TejibHbie CA^Ahi pfMHaroHXbuapisifl. ToHuoraRHce Mor^n ohb co- 
xpaHHTb H ulROTopbie CBou upaBbi u o6bisaB. TaR-b, nojaraio a, 
MorjH coxpaHHTbCfl H cj'fc4bi CjaBaucRBX'b QOce^eHiii bi» M. Aaiu. 
Tenepb eine aejbaa piB'JknaTb OTpauaTe^buo ua Bonpocx: bx vihcjI) 
XpHCTiaHX, ODUCbiBaeMbixx EapcRHMX, ue Moryrx jb 6biTb b ne- 
pepo4BBiuieca C^aBftHe? Gauoru h BbicoRia uiaoKH XpHCTiaax, 4To 
b04J'fc CejeBRifl b «ito ue aaaiOTx FpeHecKaro a3biRa, a roBoparx 
no-TypeURH, ^ Koue«iuo ue ao3BO»iaioTX otBliMaTb nujoaKUTe^kHo, 
o4uaRo 4'k4aion> upe4uojoaKeuie aro BecbMa aipoaTHbiMX. Cjaaa- 
He BX \ II — BX VUl B., a RoueHHo M noa»<e, pbicKaBuiie oo Apxii- 
nejary, MorjB cejoTbra bx Aaiu bx paaubixx Kpaaxx, a ue Tojb- 
Ro BX o6jiacTH OncHRiiJ, ax 4peBueii Bueuuiii u t. 4. Haux Bi>4b 



n^peeuiii, bi> 1839 r. eamejii vh ero 6u6jioTeK% <cMBovrecTDO RoaraHuxii m 0yMaac- 
■bixi pyKOOHCHUX'b CiaBflucKHXi* KBurb, 6ojt%e Tbicfiqu; 4e»aTii (Seai BCAKaro 0pe- 
seuiji, o HeM'fc mhoio vu coGoj'baBOBa.iH h coaca.i'bJM ; yme vaorifl ooapeAii JHCb. Mbi 
copocMJii: cno<ieM> .'SKIi Ges'b Bcasaro opHCMorpy iiaxojHTCfl 6B6jioTeKa ? » HaMi* 
orvhHtijiu: «A aa hto 8tb Kuura aaii-b? HNTarb mu axib ae aaaeMii. Xotb h bca 
Oparia — Bojrapu, bo HMrarb no-C^aBaucKH bb e4HB'b Be paayHten, noTOM^ hto 
MU Bct aai Bf aKe4oaia. A y aacb no aceii MaKe^naiB, uo rpa^aM-k a no cejaai, hb- 
r4:b ae HHTanrfc no-BojrapcKB, a aea^t no-FpeqecKB. Xora a aci Bojrapu mmyrh, 
xemn u nunno no-FpeHecKH ue noHUMaiomZy km Mipnne, hu ce/ni^emytextr, ho mano 
$aeed»Ho tiadpeajie, u yotce npueviKAu, nomojuy Htno cz lOHOcmu yviuNc/i MUtnamb u 
nwnb nO'rp$veeKH. A cia 6H6jioTeKa acepTBoaaBa 6oJ^apcK^MB ■ CepOcKBMu iia- 
pavH. TorAa do Bcett 6paKia h IBaKeAiiaia narajB a ntJa no-BojrapcKa , a aual^ 
TU4bK0 Bi> ce^ namoKib a bii MoaacT. npen. loaaaa PujfccKaro». (CKaa. o cTpaacTB. 
H njT. . . . BBORa Uapeeaifl. 11, 58). Bojirapu MaveAOBCKie o'leab HuoroHBcieaubi, 
OTToro rpaMOTBOCTb rpe4ecKaa ae Morja y bbxi. BurbciiaTb aauKa Bo^rapcRaro. 
EcJH 6bi XpHCTiaae AailiCRie, o Roropux-b roBoparb BapCRitt, 6uau TpeKa, to oaa 
D04aBBo 6bi Be noaadbijB CBoero npapo4Haro asbiRa, TaR-b KaR-b y bmxi> 6uja cbob 
rpaMOTHorTb TpeHecKaa. 3Ta npocTua caoaa, aaMtqy rctbtn, ocaaaTejbiio AOKaabi- 
BdioT-b aecb Bpe4i» aapo^aaro BocnaTaaia B-b 4yx1i lyvoMb, ae BaaioBajbauMii. 




O C4ABnUA\7> B-b MA.I0ii A31M, B'b A<l»PMR'fi U Bl> BCnAHlU. 21 

yHce nojioffCHTe^bflo HSBtcTHO, «ito bi* 664 r. 5,000 CjaBflH-b no- 
ceuiMOCb B'b CupiH, B'b o6jiacTB AnaMeycRofi^ 

BedTb dTHorpa<»H«ieCKaro nyTeiaecTBiii yneHbiX'b Ha6ji04aTejieft, 

XOpuino 3HaK0NbJX'b Cb TypeUlRBM'b, rpeHeCRHM'b H CjaBflllCRHMl> 
RSblRaMB B ^MTOM'b, 6blJO 6bl CJBlDRORrb CMImO H f1«OCUOBa- 

Te.ibHo yTBep/K4aTb9 hto bi* nacToautee speMfl He ocrajiucb ubkh^- 

RHX b Cwl'fe40B'b CjaBHHCTBa B'b M. AaiB, 

IlanpoTBB'b B'b Bbicmeii cTene^B B-fepoRTHa BO3M0»cH0CTb, na 

OCHOBaHIB TO<lHblX'b »THOrpa<l>HqeCRflX'b Ha6jl04eHiB, B03C034aTb 

4Ja HayRB reorpa(»nMecRoe pacnpe4'b^euie CiaBflMb B'b M. A3iB, 
HaROHeu'b B'b B'bpHocTH cBoero iipe4nojo}KeHia o TOMb« «ito no«- 
HbiH'b coxpaiiflioTCA B'b M, Aaiu cj'fc4bi C^aBaucTBa, y6l;M€4aEocb 
Me'«K4y apomiM'b a o4HHM'b BecbMa wifOoonbiTHbiMb saM'fesauieMb 
yieoaro uyTeuiecTBeHHHRa AHr^iiicRaro, BHCBopxa (Aioswo^th)^ 
ROTophiS inevi'b Cb cBOHM-b ToaapMuieM-b b31» r. Bapraua Ba Bo- 
cTOK'b. aHauj-b nyxb, roBopBTb OHi>,'^eH<a^'b B40Jb ropfl4BX'bB04'b 
OpaupB (Ordeiri), a, aoc^'fe RpaTRoii BepxoBoii 'fe34bi no .itcy B3'b 
HBBap-b B npo6ROBaro 4epeBa cb napocTHBROM-b b BflBorpa4HHRa- 
MB, Mbi npH6bMH B'b MecdMudh (mesjid), 4epeBBf0 Bar-^xceBBCb 
(Bagb-Jevis), t. e. Op1>xoBbiii Ca4'b. 

Teuepb Bce npHBiiMa.io paaAffcpbi bctbhuo AjbniiicKofi npn- 
po4bi; B'b rjas'b 40JHBbi BOdBbimajiacb ropa 43puBr-4[»ceii^aca 
(Duroah-Jailasi), 4peBuiii OpMBRiS, cb cocuoBbin'b j'fccoM'b b cb 

BblCOROM) rOJOfO BepiDBBOIO..,. 

TaM-b B CAM'b BUyrpB 40JBHbI paCKB4aBbl 6bI4B 4epeBHB B B'b- 
CROdbRO 40M0B'b, 6o.rke, M'bMb MOHCHO 6bU0 0'#KB4aTb B'b aroM'b 

M'kcT'fe, noMbiiia^ocb y no4oinBbi ropbi. Ho nceio 6oMhe Ho.i6yduuo 
name uiofionhimcmso mo oOcwofimtJUbcmeo^ huao sl amuxn xuoKUHOXb 
9tcuuu Afodu ocoSoiO nMMtuu^ Komoptie ucKAtonaH Mtina feecbMauc- 
nopneHHato TypeUfKatoJ^ ho eceMb dpytOMb hu nepmbt ne UMituu o6uifl' 

90 C6 TypKUMU, vlBUeifb OHB, CMyrJbl, BOJOCbl y HBX'b 4JBHBbie, 

HX'b •io6'b anajbii] (indented), qepTbi axi* p'fe3ftifl b BbipaaBTe^b- 



1. Jio6onuTBO, "iTO Ha AaittcKon-b Gepery, HacynpoTUB-b ocTpoaa 'MflTHjaaa, 
■aio4ifTCJi cejenie Kozakly (Khd.). 

2. Ainswurlh (Will. Francis.) 'f rarels aad Researches in Asia Minor, Mesopota 
wia, Chaldea and Armenia. In two Tolumes. London. MDCGCXLII. I, 62—63. 



22 B. B. JAMABCKArO* 

HUB B Boo0mo He noxoacifl aa Rpyr^yio Typ^tiRyio ♦HaioBOMifo. 
OuB, RaHceTCfl, DpHila4Je»caTi». irb nepeo^biTHbiM-b ajeueHavb, or- 
rbcHeHHbm'B oti» 6epera bi> ropbi a y»e Depepo4BBOiBMca; xaR'b 
BOJocu HX'B 6bUB BCRjiORoqeuBbi (uDCombed) , a p'taRifl sepTU 
jBiia (tierce a. harsh) Raaa^BCb RaR'b6bi aaRoa4eHUb]Mu otb 4biMa 
(looked as if smoke dried). 

XopomO HdBtcTHO, <ITO Wh dTBXlk RpaflXli BCflJO C^aBflOCROe 

BJieMfl. y OMBpa B3BtcTBbie 0041* BHeHeiTb reaeroBi^ ^EvsToe, 

OHB 6b]JB BtTBblO TllX-b CaMblXli CjaBflUl* (SclaVOUiaOS) , «1T0 y 

PaM^flH'b cjbiJiB — Veneti^ a y HtMueBi> fVinden^ fFenden. Do 
caoBBHik CTpa6oBa obb hchjb oro^o OapeeHioca b 8aHBMa.«fl saa- 
«iflTejbHyiO sacTb opaMopcRofi na<i>jfaroHiH. 

' 9to e4BHCTBeHBb]fi aaetcTHbiH mwh 4»aRrb 6biTB0CTa aa AaiiiT- 
CROM'B nojyocTpoBt Hapo4a , ROTopult 004'B BMeaeMii Cep6oBi», 
Bo^rap'b a apo<i. cocTaB^atoT-b TaRyio aHaHBTe^bayio qacTb aace- 
4eHia EBpooeacRoii Typman. 

Bii RaKoB cTeoeaa cnpaBe44BBo ope4aojoHceHie nyremecTiieH- 
HBRa Aar^ificRaro, o Tosfb cy4aTb ae iiory; o4aaRo aejbaa ae »a- 
ifbTBTbi 4T0, ec4fl y^ieabie c"iRTaioTi> BoaMOHcabiMi* a B'bpoaTabiM'b, 
HTO TdRO^ 4peBaiii aap04'b , aaR'b BeaeTbi na<t>4aroucRie, maBioifi 
aa coTBB A'br'h 40 P. X., a euie s-b 4peBB0CTa acMesayBOiiii a 
* yrpaTaBiuiii cbok) Bapo4BocTb, Morb aoabiai coxpaaHTi> atKOTo- 
pbiH TBOBHecRiH <iepTbi B oco6eaaocTa, to T'birb 6e3cnopHO cnpa- 
Be4wiBB'be aaine npe4ao40HceHie C^aBaacRBX-b noce^eaiflxi* VII, 
VIII a cj. B-bR. no P. X. 

WW. Bbirae Dpe4CTaB^eBabiMa 4aaHbiMB ae orpaaasaBaibTCfl 
B3B'6cTifl aama C^aaaacRax-b aocejeaiax-b bi> M. Asia. Erne bii 
1808 r. CajbBaropa, aa nyra CBoeMTb aa-b KoacTaaTaaoaoja a-b 
Depciio, Hana4i> aa Eo^rapcRyio 4epeBaio MeHC4y HHKOHa4ieio a 
Baaeeio; B'b nacburfe caoeM-b ri* A' Kapeao oa-b onacbiBaerb ea 
o6aTaTejeS xaRBMii o6pa30Mi>: a3a 4eab Dyra 40 HaRea mm H04e- 
Ba4a B'b 04Bofi 4epeBa'fc no4'b aaaBaaieM'b Kmt-^eptjeHmti (a^a 
Kyz-Derreot), aacejieaaoH 04BaMa BojrapaMB (di soli Bulgari). 
Oro40 4Byx'b coTb A-ij-h TOMy Ba3a4i> (t. e. ORoao 1 608 r.), ceMb 
ceueficTB'b BoarapcRBxi*, roaaMbia 3a^ atpy (per motivo di religio- 
ne), aoRaayjia CBOfo po4Bay a ooceJia^acb bi* aroM-b Mtcr-fc, ro- 




O CIABABAX-B Bl* MAJOS A3IM, Wh A«»PIIK1& U Bl> HCnAHIR. 23 

purToM-b H j'bcBCTQiii*. Ho Hcro ue 40CTBrae'rb <iejoBli<iecRoa hc-* 
KycTBo! Tenepb c^HxaeTCfl hxi* 150 ceneS, sKHByri* ced-b aoKoS-r 
H'be, q-bn-b npeHC4e ua po4iiHii; co6HpaiOT'i> MHoro *ibHy, ineaRy m . 

nLA<)40B'b. Ua Sapi, a Bfl4fcj'b, ITO MHOHCeCTBO UCeHUlHH-b h 4'fe- 

BjmeRi* Tpeoa^H Aewh to«iho TaRHMi* Hce o6pa30Mi>, KaR'b y 
eacb Bi* HTajin; Bece^bia, OH'fc BCTpiiaJU bocxo4i> ^ojHua 

BcnoMHnM'b, mto bi» 0KpecTH0CTaxT> Hmrch ii34aBHa 6bKiii no- 
ceaeuia CiaBaucRia. Ha 3aaa4i> orbHHReu, Bb Bepcxaxb noayTo- 
pacra orb KB3-«/][ep6eHTa, ua oepery 03epa MaubflccRaro, uaxo- 
4HTca 4pyroe CjaBauoKoe aocejeuie, hmcuho PyccRaa RoiOHia, y 
TypoR-b uasbiBaeMaa Kosokau^ sibpoaTHo ra caaiaa, mto o6o3iiaseua 
y KaciepTa na 3aDa4HOMi> 6epery MaabaccRaro 03epa no4'b rtub 
Hce HasBaHieMi* (Kazacly). 

IlepBoe o HeB HSB-bcTie coodiuHj-b y<ieubiSi AurwiificRiil ayre- 
UiecTBeBBURii PaMHabTOHit. Obi* nociTHJi> ee b'i> 1837 r. Maa 30. 
«i\lbi npHmaB, roBopHT'b, Bib 6ojbuiyEO 4epeBEiK), aasbiBaeMyio Ka- 
saRjH, MTO fla 3ana4HOM'b 6epery 03epa (MaBbaccRaro). BcrynHB-b 
Bi^ Bee, a npeH€4e acero 6bi4i> nopaaceB'b 4epeB^BBbiiii> RpecTomi*, ' 
BosBbimaBmBMca Ba4'b fle6o4b[niiMi> cTpoeaieiM-b, oo Bceh stpoaT- 
nocTH qacoBBeio, a euie 6o4te apeRpacBOio BapyacBocTbio h Tea* 
ToacRBMi* (t, e. EBponeiicRHMx) BbipaH^eBieMi> HceumtiBx b 4tTefi, 

HX-b MUCTOiO 04eHC40ii B HCBBOCThK) B\'b4BUHCeBiii, CTOJb npOTBBOBO- 

4o«KBoio aaacBocTB TypoR-b b paBU04ymii0 (listlessness) TpeROBx. 
ORadajocb, 4to aro KosauRoe Bocejieaie, ycrpoeaHoe lloproio no 
BdflTiB HdMauja PyccRBMs; npe4RB bxi> npe4no<i4B TypeuRoe a^ia- 
4biHecTB0 PyccRouy. JKBTejB coxpanaiorb cbojK asbiRb h cboB 
Hapa4'b B ueMBorie b3X ubxi^ yMiiiOT-b roBopBTb no-TypeuRB: na* 
pa4'b MyacHBB'b a Ma4b4BROfi'b cocTbRTii B3'b 4^iBBBaro d'baaro 
Ka<»Tafla (frock) , BbimBTaro paaabiMB UB'^TaMB Baaay a aa Boport 
B B3'b MepaoS 6apaBbeii manRfl (nepcB4CRoii). C'b bbmh TypRB 
o6xo4aTca aecbua aacROBo, obb BNttOTTi CBoero crap naHy, nojb- 
ayioTca caaioynpaBJeuieMii h ne njaraTii no4aTe& npaBHTejbCTBy. 



1. aiowanka. zor Kenntniis d. alien u. neuea slaw. Literat d. Sprachkande nach 
allea Muodartan, d. G«a€li. ■, AUerUiunier. Toa I. Dobrowik/. Prag. 1814. I, 86. 
•Bulgaron in Klelo-A^iianiw 



24 B. H. JIAMAHCRATO, 

^ ■ 

Oaepeaa pb]6a h cra^a bxh cocTaaaaiOT'b rjasBbiii HCToqHiiKi> Rti> 
nponHTaBifli>\ 

B'B 1850 r. BbiiUwio apyroe, ropa34o noAHiiikmee ooBcauie 
aTofi PyccKofi M. AaificKofi Kojouifl. ABTopi* ero, MaK-4>apjieH'b, 
JB4U0 nociTBd-b B no4po6Ho oaBca.ii> ee, RaRi o"ieBH4em»^ Ao 
jiB<iHaro DoctiueBia cBoero MaBbaccKoA KOJioBiBf ofli> ae Morb 
co6paTb BBKaKuxi* nopa4osflbixi> c^tiiiBifi. aTasi* o^bbi* Typeti- 
Kifi a«iMt>eB4B B'b CBaBR'ik onBCbiaajvMaHbaccRBX'b RaaaROBi. aecb- 
Me cnoRofiflhiMii, npoMbiuueBBbiU'b b qecTBUUi* Bapo40ii'b, uo 
o<ieHb Beji04BBibiM'b B BCK^io«iBTejbBbiM'b; oHii cosflaaajica, sopo- 
qeM'b, HTo caMi> oH-b BBRor4a ue 6biBaji> bi* RoaoBiB. 4pyrofi Ty- 
poRx, BanpoTBB-b Toro, B3o6paHca««i> bxi> 'ipesBbinaiiBo aB-fcpcRBMB 
B Ba\04Bji» wh BBxi> raaBBbiB nopoRi», hto obb Be KypaT'b Ta6a- 
Ry. 04BB'b PpeR-b aaM'fcTBJ'b, mto obb ae nbfOTi> bb bbbb, bb bo4- 
RB B BBRor4a Be pbuiaxca nuTb B04y bsx Toro me caiiaro craKaaa 
BJB cocy4a, Bai ROToparo npe}K4e oBJi'b rto-jib6o «iyaKofi, Cmmp 
Lib to xp.BCTiaHBB-b b^b ttycyjbuaBBB'b. npii5jB3Kaacb R'b caMoH 
Ro^OBiB MaR-^'ap^efl'b BaB04Hwii> 4ajbB'l>uu]ia o Bea capaBRB b 
6bui> Rpaiiae BsyMvieai*, ito TypRB, B'b cauoMi* 6wIB3Romi> cb aeio 
coc'b4CTBi>, 3iiajB o aeii oqeab Majo: 04bbi> M0404oii TypoRx B04- 
TBep4HJi> euy opeacaee cRaaauie, <ito obb raymaioTca Ta6aRy — 
3% ero raaaax'b 3BaKi» aead^acBBMaro aaipcTBa. ^pyrie TypRB 
0T4aBa4B RaaaRaub cDpaBe4.JBB0CTb, <ito obb oseeb xopoaiie pifi- 
6ojoBb], ao, BnpoHeM'b, orauBa^BCb o bbxt* crh npeaptaieMii, RaRi» 
o Be40CT0BB0M'b, oTBepsKeBBOMi* ojeMeBB/sKBByuieMii qpeaBbisafiao 
aeoBparaox)^. MaR-^apjieaii npB6aB3KaeTCfl Kh MaakaecROMy oae- 
py. ffBcRop'b — roBopBTi> oaii — aaMi> OTRpbMca noaBbiii BB4'b 
MaBbflccRaro oaepa a mm yBB4tjB 40BOJbBo 6ojbuioe TypeuRoe 
ce^eaie, dpiarao pacaojoBceiiBoe aa cRart xoJMa a caycRaBuieeca 



1. Hamilton (Will. J.) Researches in Asia Minor/ Pontus and Armenia. London. 
1842. II, 105-106. 

2. Mac Farlane (I.) Turkey and its destiny. 1850. Vol. I, 475—491. T. CaeHCKe 
npe^iCTaBHjii nepeao^'b sroro onHcanifl h H3Bje<ieHie itaii eero B'b Btcm. Feorp. 06ui. 
1855, RH. Ill, OTA. IIT, c. 1 — 12. Dojbayiocb hmii, aapt^Ka Aonojuafl ero cu6cTBeB- 
Hun nepeB040M'b rtx'b anpoiemi* Becbna ueMHornxi Mi>cT'b, <ito MM-bioTii ntKoro- 
puft HHTepeci ■ B^cKOJbKo coKpameBu y no*iTeBBaro yneaaro aaniero. 

3. Cm. r. CaeacKe (B:bcTB.) aPyccaaa rojohIb a'b Majoil Aaia. C 2. 



O CJABIIUAXli B-b MAwloii A3IH, Bl> A4>FllK'ft H B-b BCnAMIH. 25 

jio canaro Rpaa oaepa. IIpoixaB'b ue6ojbiiiyio pomy Maaopocibixi^ 
Ay6owh H MBUOBaBit opocTpauHoe TypeuRoe Rjait^Huie, Mbi yBH4'fe- 
JH nepeifb co6oio RaaaaRoe ce^ieuie (y TypoRi. — KoaaK.iH), je- 
acamee Ha cauosfb 6epery oaepa. JK)4eii ne 6bMo bH4ho bobcc. 

IIpn6biBi> Bi> ce.ieHie bi> 10 •lacoB'b yxpa (18 Hoa6pa 1847 
r.), Mbi BCTyoBJH Wh Hero xopouieio, npocTopBoio, npaMOio y^n- 
aeio, cnycRaiouieioca R'b oaepy. Bee eme HaMi> ne D0Da4ajocb ua 
r.fa3a hh o4hoh 4yinH. Aomsl no 06*6 HauiH cTopoHbi Raaa^HCb 
oapaTuie a HecpaBHeHUO jyqiue D044epH{iiBaeMbiMH, q-ibM-b Bcb 40« 

Cejt BBMH BCTpliMeHHbie; HO Mbi MOVAVi BB4tTb TOJbRO UajyiO HXli 

"lacTb, DOTOMy 4T0 RaH<4b]ii 4oii'b cTOHT'b nocpe4it oroposKeHHaro 

4B0pa B odpameH-b R-b yvlBUt> TOJbRO O4HOIO CT'feHOlO 4Bopay Bopo- 

TaMH H aanepTOH) RajuTRoio. Do 40CTHH;eH]ii Rpaa oaepa Mbi aa- 
M'feTRJH H-bcRojbRBxi) oseHb 6'b^oRypbiiL'b 4'fcTeii , OnpflTUO H xo- 
pomo 04'feTbix'b, a dotomi> 4Byxi» bjh rpex-b oqeHb pocjibixi> b 
CTpoiiNbix-b 3KeHiuBuii Bi> RopoTeHbKHX'b io6Rax'b. Bcfc out* RBaa* 

JH'Cb SaCTiH^IHBblMR H MddO nOHHMaBUIHMH, <ITO 6bM0 BM-b CRaaa- 

HO au TypeaRB. HaKOHem> oni CMeRny^iH, hto mm cnpaiURBaeMi*, 
rjA Haxo4BTca 40M'b bxi> 6efl hjb cTapocTbi. MajeubRiii MaJb^BKi* 
ne no4X04fl rib HaMb 6^MaR0, 004341* auan-b, <ito noHa>KeTi> naMi* 
4opory. Ohii noaeji* nacb B'tcRo^bRo BBepxi* do yjHiit, ROTopoio 
Mb] cnycTBJHCb, B nocTyiaacfl y 04H0& BccbMa RpacuBofi 4BepH. 
Cnaiaja no oTRpbiTin 4Bepeii noRaaajacb BbicoKaa. xy40uiaBaa, 
crapaii HceHuiBBa, bo, yBB4tB'b uacb, T0T<iaci» cRpbuacb, ne rosopa 

HB CJOBB H He n04aB'b UBMli HB Md^tfilDarO npHB-bTCTBlA BJB OORJO- 

Ha. CaycTfl H'fccROJibRo MHHyr'b Bbioiej-b caMi» crapbiS 6eu b, octb- 
HOBBCb y cBoero oopora, He C4'ikja.i'b HaMi> npHrjameuia nepecTy- 
DBTb ^lepeaii Hero. Owh 40Bojbuo xopoujo roBopB^ii no-TypeuRB 
H dbij-b BbicoRaro pocra, cb rycToio 6opo4oii h qHCTou, noMTeu* 
Hoii HapyHCHoeTB. Ua Bonpocbi, ROTophie mm ape4J0»cB^B eMy 

OTHoSBTeabHO dTOfi JIio6onb1TBO& ROJIOUill, OHIb OTBt>Ha^l> BaM'b 
ROpOTRO, HO 40B04bH0' B'lkHCJHBO *, CRaaaJ'b 04HaR0 , HTO 6oHTCa 

BoycTBTb Hacb 6i> cBoii 40Mi> mjib 6jRH;e no4oi]TB ri> naM-b, noTo- 
My iTo cjbiinaj'b or-b cBonx-b Jii04eu, «ito bx KoHCTaHTHHonojit 
HcecTORO CBBpknrTByeTi> xojiepa. 

CROjibRo HB ou]b6orho, B'kpoBTHo, MH-^Hie HacMeTii aapaaHTejib- 
BocTH efl H KaRi> BaM'b HI1 6uijia uenpiflTH^a ero ocTopoHCHOcTb, 



26 B. H. .lAMAHr.KArO, 

04uaK0 Mbi ue MorjiH He apmiATb ee 3a u'bKOTopQ^ ^OKasaieubcTBO 

UUBH^HdaOlill. 

Mbl COpOCHJHv rxb UafiTH HaMb CSflllieHHBKOB'b, KaiC'B T'bX'b 

jiBm>, 0Ti> KOTopbiicb Ha4tflwiBCb no^y<iHTb HcejaeMbm aauH cBt-> 
idbuifl Ro^oHiH. 6e&, HMtBinifi narpiapxajbHyio ocaBRy, csava^'b, 
HTO yRancerx uaMii ^opory R'b ax-b 40My, b, aa^tBii aa ro^biA 
CBOB HorB Ty<»jB, Bbiine^ii a npoB04Bwii» Haci> bbh3'b no y^aali, 
4epHcacb 04uaR0 aicRo^bRo aoo4adb oti> aacb. AoVlab 4o Roaiia 
yaiiabi, Mbi yaaaja, hto cBAiqeBBBRB 0TnpaBB4BCb ua pbiaoR^ bjb 
apMapKy bi> Be4ajbHi3 TypeuRitt ropo4i>. 

MeHC4y-TtM'b»BbiujjB B 4pyria weauiBBbi a 4'feTH; ho Bcfc oa'b 
4epffcajiHCb BTh 0T4a4eHiH« a bi> to Bpeiin, Ror4a h aaaa^ca cua- 
TieMii He6o4buiaro acanaa «iacTB oaepa, 6eS aoBepayjik Ha3a4'b R'b 
CBoeuy 40ify, 6e3*b BcaRBXi> pasroaopoB-b. Mbi yace ctb^b 6bi40 
4yMaTb, «iTo RaaaRB 4'feficTBHTe4bHo aacjiyacBBaiOT'b ynpea-b ueaio- 
4BM0CTB a xojo4HocTa9 4tjaeMbi& BM-b TypR^auH B PpeRaMH. Ho 
RdR-b cb deeMi* MOHCHo 6biji6 o6'bflCHflTbca Ha DOHATaoM-b aa.M'b 
aabiR'fe, 4ero, aoBaaaMoiiy, ae^baa 6bi40 bh cb RtMi* 4pyraM'b 
Bi) AepeBR'h^ a RaRi> mm 6bKia oneab ro404abi, to CRopo aoc4'k40- 
BajB aa cTapBROMi> a aocTyqajacb BHOBb y ero 4Bepe&, <iTo6bi 
ope440}KHTb euie atcROJbRo 4a4bB'fe&[uax'b BonpocoBi> a aonpo- 
CHTb ero, <iTo6bi oa'b AaA-h aaM-b xora atcRo^bRo X4'fc6a. Hbi cKa-* 
aajB eMy, 4to ec4B oa-b onacaerca aacb, to mm 6y4eMi> 4ep3KaTb 
cBOiO Tpaaeay Bat ero 4Bepeii aa yjaiit: hto y aacb, BopoqeMi*, 
airb BB xo4epbi, aa 4pyroS RaRo&-4a6o 6o4'fe3BB, a TOJbRO xopomiK 
aneTBTx, a ito RacaeTca KoacTaaTaaoao^a, to mm 4aBH0 ae 6bi- 
JB B6ja3B ero. Majo oo* Majy onaceaifl cTapiia pa3cta4aeb a oa b 
aparaaca4i» aacb H'b ce6t ei* 4omi>, caMbia oapaTabift a 6e3caop- 
HO RpacBB'biimiii . ROTopbifi mm BB4i}4a bi> M. Asia. IlepBaa rop- 
uaua, B-b KOTopyio Mbi boujjib, 6bua npocTopaaa rocTaaaa, caMbifi 
jyHuiifi aoRoii bo BceM-b 40Mt. Oaa 6bMa orojo 50 <i»yT0B'b*44a- 
aoio a 25 inapaaoio; CTtabi ea 6bUB xopooio omTyaaTypeabi a 
Bbi6tjeabi, a aa aax'b ae Ba4H0 6buo aa o4aoro naTaa rpaaa a 
aa MaatameH nbUB. Kpoaaa deai* acARaro apoMeacyTonaaro no- 
T04Ra 6bua aai* aaMbima, Rpacaso sbiptaaaaaro a cjoacenuaro 
BayTpa; no4'b coctoajii a3i> aecay, cHtiDaaaaro rjaaoio, a 6^41* 
M-bcTaMB BhjjojRea'b paRoaaaaMa a RpeMeuiRaMa. Boapjrr'b Bcero 



y 



CAJi^BBHAX'h Vh MAJOtt A8iy, B^ A4>PIIK« M B^ HCnAIIIU. 27 

noKOfl BaY04iMCfl BbicTyai* b9i> crfcHii, <i>yTa bi» abb mnpiiuofo h 

DOTTH THROft SKC BbllUBHOIO, H dTOTb BblCTyQl* C.iyH<BJl> BH^CTO 

AHBaea. IIpoTHB'B caHaro BX04a 6biJH 6oAhm\a oTRpMTbiA ^iBepH, 
ROTopbifl Bi xojio4Hyfo noro4y aaB^ioRBajBCb ROBpauR, b mpedrh 
OTO^TO oTBepcTie MorjB Mb] BB4'&Tk He6oJbUiofi, RpliaRo orpa»c4eH- 
BuS 3a6opoH'b oropo4i»« no o6%Rii'b CTopoaaMi* ROToparo 6b]jiB 
pacnojoHceBbi He6ojbaiifl cna^bUB a 4pyriii ROMBaTbi. V caaiaro 
ROHoa ca4a 6biwia neperopo4Ra b3i» BbicoRaro RaMbima b4b oaep- 
■aro TpocTHBRa, RpacBBO QocTaB^eHHaB B a^peBBTafl: a D03a4B en 

aaX04adlCfl nTBHlB 4B0p'B9 B6jBdB HCe, BO BiiCROJbRO B'b CTOpOB'fe 

4pyraH no4o6Baa nee crfeua, aa ROTOpofo* CRpuBa^acb RyxBa; xo- 
poinafl, inapoRafl, r4a4RaA 4opoHCRa, RpacBBo BbuoHceaBaa Rpem- 
aHMB-, Be4a orb aajbi 40 ROBiia ca4a* Bee hocbjo neqaTb nepBO- 

6bITUOfi npOCTOTbl, BO 6blJ0 RpaCBBO , D0pfl40<1B0 fl ^pe3Bb]4aBBO 

^BCTo, B Bce BTo np0B3Be4eB0 pyRauB RaaaROBi). 

aBeft CBOBMB eo6cTBeaHbiMB pyRBMB n040HCBJi> nepe4i> bbmb 
aa cTOJik XAls&h b ayROBBuu a aej'fcji'b cBoefi 40sepB». BbicoRoii, 
CTpottaoSi B onpflTHofi aceamafli, caapBTb B'tcROJibRO cBtacBx-b 
aaaii. MyRa 6b]ja .lynoie cMOjora a X4t6i> Boo6me Jiymne bca- 
Baro 4pyraro, ROTopbiS ubi 0TB%4b]BajiB bi> M. Asib. CaycTfl ae- 
MBoro Bouiewi-b 4pyrofi cTapufi db4ofi RaaaR'B, a BCji4'b 8a bbm-b 
Gvyrjbifi, ae6o4buiaro pocra ayacqaaa Bib MtuiROBaTOSfb njaxb'fe b3X 
Rp^BRaro^ ao rpy6aro cyRaa. nocji4aiM 6bMi» 048811 r3i> y<iaTeje8 
ROJoaia, aojoay ito y RaaaRoai* 3aBe4eaa 4aHce a aiRoja. Obi» noRa- 
aajca uat j'fcT'b orb 30 40 40 , roBoparb ao-TypeaRa , xora ae 
0"ieBb DjaBBO, a cRa3a4i» aaMi», <ito euy 38 A'tt-h oti> po4y, a hto 
OB'B 6bi4'b aepBoe 4BTa9 po4BBmeeca bx rojobib, co apeMeaa ea 
ocBOBaaifl. 

3a aaBTpaROMii cbobiii» mu npe4JarajB 6eio pasBbie Bonpocbi 
aac^erb Rojoaia. Mbi yaaaja orb aero, mo oaa coctobti* aa'b 
4oacRax'b RasaROBii, «ito, cor^acao ch npe4aaieMii , npe4RB axi* 
airb 3a 280 aepecejajiacb c% JHona aa ^yaafi; ao Ror4a 4yuaB- 
CRBfl Rojoaia paaMBoacajiacb 40 roro^ mto yace ae Mor^a 40CTa- 

TOiaO DRTaTbCa pbl60jI0BCTB0M'b, TO OBa wl^T-b 3a 39 BMCJaja OT'b 

ce6a ^lejioB^Ri* orojo 300, a <ito aa acRJio^eaieai) aeMBoraxi*, 
yMepmaxi* aa nvTu, ara OTpacjib^yaaHcRofi kojiobib, opaHBTaa ao4'b 
DORpoBBTe.ibCTBO cywiTaaoiii>, npB6bMa ri> MaabaccROMy oaepy h 



28 B. Il« JAMAHCKArO, 

Doce4Hjarb B'b TaKOMi> utiCT'b, vAb xopoino josH^acb pb]6a a 6bM0 
B04iiBoe coo6iiieHie uenKAy o3epoMi> h MopeMi>. «ii>Ti» ace 3a 1 4 
nwiu 15, BocDoc^'isAOBajo BTopoe nocejeuie Ty4a xce ci> JHynan. 
Ohb BCRop'b paauuosKHjiiicb; ho uotomi> sue jo uxrh yoaeiijocb OT'b 
MuoroKpaTHbixii Dociuieuiu «iyMb]. B-b reneHie sKe 4ecaTii nocjt4* 
uuxi* wiirb, OHH 6biJB aomaaceHbi dTiiMi> 6iiHeMi>, y Bce aio epeMH 
uacejeHie rojohih nocToaiiHO aoapacrajo. 

CeMe&cTBa dTBXi> cbiHoeii ^oua 6buu Booome MHoro<iHCjeu^ 

Bb]« H 4'fcTH. HXi> 04e(lb CHJbHbl H 340p0BbK KjHMaTl» He npOBS- 

B04H4i> ua HMX-b uHKaKoro 4tiicTBia: ohh e4Ba auajH, <ito TaRoe 
3J0Ra4ecTBeHHaa Juxopa4Ka (malaria fever) , xota ORpecTUOCTH 
oaepa (UbiB^Ti* secbMa 6jaronpiflTHbjMH paaBUTiio aroii rii6ejbH0H 
3apa3bi, H sKHBymie bi> 6acceiiut ero TypKH oeanpecraHHo crpa- 
4aioTi> 0Ti> nepcMeHcaioaxuxca JuxopadORi* ^ Bii4i ue TOjibKo 

Bebxii 4tTeii, UU H actX'b B3pOCJblXl> HCenulUH'b, KOTOpblXX Mbl 

BB4liJHf no4TBep»c4a.i'B copa6e4.iHBOCTb BbimenpBBe4eHRaro aaftfib- 
•laHia: Bct ohh oTJHna.iBCb 34opoBbeaiii, cBiHcecTbio h cb.io&. Hk- 
KOTopbiB B3'b 4liTeii 6bUH oieHb npHPOHCH^ ci» rojiy6biiiH rjaaauB 

|l Cb 6t>JblMH, KBR-b jefl-b, BO.IOCaMH, tlBneM-b OHH 04eHb HOXOH^B 

ua ioHbixi» Hau]HXi> HopTyM6epjaB4ueB'b, Atreii H)ro3nna4Haro 
6epera IIIoTjaH4iH, bi> ROTopbixii mhofo «^TCRofi RpoBH. CaMi* 
6efi B 4pyne CTapau ne HMi;iH, 3a HCRjiosebieM-b 4«'inHuoij bxi* 
6opo4bi, HHHero BocTo^naro, a iianpoTRBi> bh4i> coBepmeuuo aa- 
na4BO-EBpotieScRiH. Eefi cb B03nb]uieHHbiMi> ^eaoMTi.B cb op4H* 

HblMli UOCOMl*. Mbl SaMiTHJH 34'fccb TOJbKO 04H0 RaJMblUKOe 

JHue, HMeBuo y uiROJbBaro y^ureja, po4HBuiarocA B'b rojohIh. 
KojoHifl Bbint ciHTaeT-b 300 4oM0B'b h 5 uepRBeii.^ HaM'b cRaaa*- 
JH, 4T0 B'b cejeHiH 5.inR0JbUbix'b y^HTejefi h 4Ba cBAUieHHRKa; 
1T0 aTH noCvi'i>4uie l^yccRie ypoHceuubi h 4to ohh ym.iH ua ap- 
MOHRy. Koaai^H nHTaron* ueuaBHCTb Ri* Poccih; o4HaRo bca hxi* 
o6pa30BaHHocTh H4eTi> 0TTy4a. ^i^TU yiaTca HnraTb h HHcaTb no 
PyccRH. Bcf< BX'b RHHPu MocROBCROH oe^iaTH. Beii aoRasbiaajx 



1. B'bponTBo, 4oBCKie nepeceaeHau coacaioTCA ori* uea ^hctotoio, oopnTBOcTbio 
M nopM4ROMi>, Ba6ji04<ieMbiMn HMH BO BceMi> Hxi> 6uTy. He cjymnrh jn sto ^OKaaa* 
Te^bCTBOMi, HTO RjiHMaTii Majott AaiB 6biji> 6bi ropaa^io 3/iopoBte, ec.fu <Sbi oaa 
6bija o^BTaeaia ujeneaeMi* 6o4fte lucToajoTBUM-b a neate aeOpeatuuMb, aexe4H 
Ocaaajiu ? 



, O C^ABUBAXT. BTi MAJoH A3IH, Wh A^M^RR-fi H Bl* HCDAHIH. 29 
Haul* OrpOMBblfi T0M1>, Bl> K03KaiI0Ml» OepeDJeT'fe Ch 4epeBflBHbfMH 

aacTeHCKaMH ; KanceTca to 6bKia CBameuuaii HcTopin ci» mo^utbo- 
cjiOBowh DpaBocjaBiioii UepKBii; RUBra Becbua hmcto BanenaTaB- 
Haa Ha bjotIoii 6yMarb, bo aaniaBBaro jbctb Be4ocTaBajo. ^py- 
rifl BX'b KBMrB nepROBHbifl, Bapo4Ubia, cKaaKM a Bosi^cTB. LLlKo^b- 
Bbjit yiHTejb o6f>iiiajii BOKaaaTb TpB bjib nexbipe secbMa CTapbiH 
pyROBBCH, BO Eori) siiCTb Bo^eiMy, Be c4epH<a^i> cBoero cjoBa. 

CpaBHHTeabBO BblCOKOe 06pa30BaHie ^OBCKHXIi R03aK0Bl>, HX'b 
Tpy4UJI06ie n B0pfl40Kl>, «lHCT0Ta H KpaCHBOCTb HX1> HCBjlBIU'b xo- 
POUIO B3BiCTBbl. KOJOBIB 3TOrO BJeHieHB , paCBOJOTKeBBafl Ba 

orrpoBaxib, oaepaxi* a TOBflxi> HasKHaro ^yHaa, cocToarb irh cjiy- 
HaiiBbix-b cB0UJeBiaxi> cbCBoeio po4BOK) odmBHOio aa^^oay, a ot«* 
pacjb MaBbaccRaa Bpe6biBaeTi> bi> Tl>cBbixi> cBomeBiax-b cb 4y- 
uaficROH). R TaKii 4wiaflBoio a ^io6onb]iBOH) U'bBbio PyccRO-Ko- 
aauKoe o6pa30BaBie oHcaB^aeTca a B044epa«BBaeTCfl BitdTOMi* yr^y 
Ma^oii A3ia. 

Xoaaeaa aauia 4'ikficTBBTejbBo rayniajiBCb Ta6aRoMi>, rbri* Ry* 
paiejbBbiM'b, TBRi) a BioxaTedbBbiMi); bo oaa orpanajia, 6y4T0 
Be jio6flTii Baaa, bo4Kb bjb RaRaxi>-jiB6o xopomaxi* RphBRHX'B 
BanaTROB-b. 9to yTBep»c4eHie oaa 40Ra3aja aa A^Jit^ aecbMa 4py- 
HiejioSao DpB6']kraa R'b aaifieii ^Aarb. HaMi> omjo cRasaao, hto 
oaa Be nbiorb a3i> Toro me craKaaa a^ia pioMRa, aaii ROTopbixi* 
Bpe»;4e naji) rto ja6o qy^Koa, a sto ecja cocy4'b BpaHa4^e3KaT'b 
HM-b cBMUM'b, TO Bi> dTOMii cjy^at pBddBBaioT'b ero aa R}CRa a 
fipocaioT'b Bii copHyK) flMy, RaRb at^TO onoraHeaaoe a^a ocRBep- 
BeBBoe. Oaa yatpaja Hacii, sto aTo TOJbKo CBpaBe4^BB0 bi> ot- 
Bomeaia' R'b MycyjibMaaaM'b, a sto oaa ae BbK)Ti> a3i» Toro we eo- 
cy4a Bocjli Typaa, noTOMy "ito oa-b Bcer4a ayparb Ta6aRi> a ae 
xpacTiaaaaii. Ho ohb Be odaayacb BB.ia a3'b o4Horo a Toro ace 
RyoRa cb aaua. Orb Rypeaif Ta6aRy ohb B034ep>KaBaioTca. iMbi 
saMtTB^ia BM-b, «iTo 6owibuiaa qacTb xpacTiaBi>, acuByiiiax'b, RaRi> 
a OHB. nocpe4a B04'b a bi* cbipbixb, 6ojoTacTbixi> MicTHOCTax'b, 
oseab npe4aBbi Rypeabio Ta6aRy, ROTopoe bi> bsb'^ctboH CTeaeaa 
a rb TaRBXT* cjynaaxii 4a}Ke noje3Bo aah 34opoBba. Ho oaa ae 
xoT'kia a c^biaiaTb o6i> aTOM^: ecja Ta6aKb a noje3eBi> rhAy^ to 
ou'b pa3CTpaaBaerb a ry6aTb 4yiiiy , rto Kyparb, toti* yH%e He 
xpacriaHBH-b, TaRii a Moeaawia botom^ ae xpacTiaae; TypRB 



30 B. B. jIAMirHOKArO, 

T04i>Ro H 4ijaioTi>9 WO KypiiTb; OHB aoraHbie v sa ceoe RypeHbe 

D0ii4yTl> BO TbMy RpOMilDHyiO. 

Hu PyccKHxii, U0 rpeKOBi» ohb ho c^mraiorb uacTOBiuBifB 
ipRCTiaHaMH; roBopaTi> npo hbxi>, mto ohb BAa^B& vh epeea^ 

BBCJB HOBbie o6bI«iaB fl o6pa4bl B y4awIB4BCb 0T1» BCTBHHOB CTa- 

poii Bipbi, ROTopaa coxpaaaeTca TOJbRo y ^obckbxi* RoaaROBii, 
iiaemey ueuBorBS'b ^pyrax-b, acBByuiBxii BiiPocctB. HamBMaHb^ 
accRie npiarediB 3HaioTi> oapa MocRoacRaro, aa4Biiiaxa TypeuRa- 
ro, uecapa AacTpiBCKaro; y bbxi* coxpaHfl.«BCb cTpamubifl npe4a- 
nifl o BOBH'b 1812r*; o 4pyrBX'bace rocy4apax'b, CTpauaxii b oa- 
po4ax'b ouB BMtioTb caMbia HeacHbia DOHaria. TaR'b 6e& cDpo« 
CB^i» y neHa, DpflHa4^eHCBTii ah uaina aeH^a^ Aaraia « 4>paBuy3aM'b? 
MysbiRajibflbixii aacTpyMeHTOB'b y bbxii bobcc ae aM'fceTca, ao 
npa34BaRaM'b ace ohb ooforb ndbcaa xopoui* a iuamyTi> no4'b 
bbx%. 

HbiH'fe Bi* MaabaccRoft Rojoaia cHBTaerca 40 500 sapocjibiX'B 
Hya€HBBi>. Ohb no^bayioTca ^broTofi orb Djiaaxeaca D04aTefl, vh 
cjyHat BofiHbi o6a3aabi TOJbRO pocTaB^aTb cyaTaay B3BikcTBoe 

HBC40 BCa4BBR0B'b, HMeHHO DOJOBBHy «lHC4a GOOCOdBblXli HOCBTb 

opyacie. Do axx c40Baiii>t bi> ra^e^bayio 4<Aa Xypuia BoiiHy 
1828 — 29 ro40Bi>, oaa aocTaaaja IGObobhobii, BoopyaReaabixii 
HBKaMB a cjyHCBBuiaxii Bi* appery^apaofi Roaaaut. Habie h31» 
HBX'b 6b] JB y6BTb], 4pyrie yMepjia orb 6oat3Bei iieHC4y Bapaoio 
a ^ynaeMii. no 6ojbuiaa "lacTb 34paB0 h BeBpe4BMo BopoTBjacb 
R-b MaabHccBoiiy oaepy. Ohb o^eab RpioRaro CdSoaceHba, b Ra»4aa 

HS'b aKeaUIBHl*, ROTOpblXli Mbl Ba4'feJH9 RBdaoacb RaRi* 6bl pofls-* 

4eaHOio 6biTb iiaTepbio rpeHa4epoB'b. Me»c4y Tdbii'b, RaRi> mu 6e* 
c'b40Ba4B ch 6eeMi>, aceamaBbi ero 40Ma Bxo4a4H b Bbixo4B4B no 
CBoaMi> 40MauiHBMi> 4'LiaM'b 6e3i» Bcalcaro 3aM'feiDaTejbCTBa: oa^fc, 
Raaajocb, BOBce He 3aMisa4H aacb a aacKOJbRo ae caymajiBCb 
HamaM'b npHGyTCTBiea-b, a MeaK4y Tiu'b BHocTpaauu 44a aaxift 

4BROBBBRa. Out Spe3BblHaHu0 Tpy404K)6aBbl, paCTOpODBbl a 40B- 

kb: BC'&o64a4a4tf y4HBBTe4bHoio caapoBKoio. 04Ha aoafiHuaa »eH* 
acHua apaaecjia RaRyio to Hca4o6y R'b 6efO, ROTophiii b cTapmaaa 
a cy4ba rojouih. Ohb cToaja opauo nocpe4B ropuaabi bi> oo3a« 
aia 4peBHaro bbtIb, a o4ho urHOBeHie tosho Btft4a aoay 4BBaoik 
CTapHHHofi PpeHecRofi cTarya, cjuaymea 0041* BMeneMi* Apacra4a 



CJABilUAXli Bl> MA.iOik A31il, BX A4»PRK'B H B'L HCnAHlM. 31 

DpaBeAHaro. Oaa roBopBja Ch BaxcuocTbfo b chjoio, 6e3'b KpoRa 
a ojoiua^ahix'B Maaepi. fl TKeABA-h 6bi, nrodii HBbie b3i> oparo- 
poBi> BameB UBMCBett IlajaTbj opBcyrcTBOBajB npuTOHi>, «iTo6bi 
BMTb cefit uaauAarejibBbjii ypoKi> orb aroB KoaamcoS M^hi. Xotm 
Mbi ua e^OBa Be oouajb b31> tqfo, «ito obb roBopBja, 04BaKo mbI 
crajo »cajb« Ror4B oaa oKoasaja cboio p'i>4b. 

TypoR'b OBB DpeaapatoTb: <iRor4a DpHX04iiT'b obh in> aaMik 
6e3'b CBoero Tadaay a ^lydyROBi*, to Mbi axi> nycRaeMi> wh ceaeaie 
a aoBBOjaeii'b bmi> CB4tTb Bat 40mobi> aamax-b; mo ecju opt^-* 
xo4aTi» OBB cio4a ci> oiyMOM'b B 6yiicTB0Mi>, RHRi* OBB aro o6bIR-* 
uoBeaao 4t.Aaiorb bi* PpeqecRax-b 4epeBflflX'b, to mm BbiroaaeMi* 
Bx-b 4y6aBaMB. Ho obb domtb BaKor4a He TpeBOHcaTb aacb. Ty- 
pmii ae Moacerb ayTeaiecTBoaaTb b coBepaieaao Dponaji* 6bi 6e3i 
Tpy^Ra, a Mbi ae TepaBiii> 34tcb aypaTejeS Ta6aRy, ae xoTBM-b, 
«rro6bi 4epeBBa aama oaoraaajiack. IIoaTOMy oaa 4epacaTcfl ao* 
04ajb orb aaci> a no4Ta Ha<iero o aacb ae 3aai0Ti>. Mbi xo4BM'b 
BiiBXik rop04a a 4epeBHB a capaBjaeiii> raM'b aeMHoria cboh 4i.ia, 
no Bcer4a apHaBMaeMi> ocTopoHtaocTb ae ocTaBjaTb aamero rejia 
6erb aa4Je9Kamaro apaRpbiTia. Ecjia6T> Mbi 9Toro ae co64io4ajiB, 
40Ma aaaia 4aBaoyHce 6hKiB6bi coHcaceabi h pa3rpa6jeabi, aBf»rii 

B*bCTb, HTO CTBJOCb 6b] Gl> BaiaBMB HCeaaMB B 4'bTbMB. Ho HblH'b 

TypRB 40BOwibao aoRoSabi. Kpyroa^b aacb TypRH Bci TpycjBBbi, 
KftR-b 6a6M. TojibRo madiBT-b atROTopue b3i> buxi> aa oaep'fe Aao^<* 

DojaTBHecRia y<ipeac4eBia ROJoaiH secbMa 4RH0RpaTB'4ecRifl, 
xoTB e4Ba ^a 4ocTaToqabia 4^a TeopeTBROB'B 1848 r., fl6o npe- 
RpacBbii] nojii ae BM'fcerb npaaa ro^ioca, a y Myw^iBHi* oH'fe octb*** 
a^BJRBaiOTca aa Bceo6aiefi ao4ai*b rojocoB-b (universal suffrage). 
Oaa opeaMymecTBeaao oo^bayiOTca dTOio cBo6o40io apa B36paBia 
roTMaaa a^a 6eii. Hpa raKaxi* Bbi6opax'b CTap'tJ^iuaabj a otum 
MMeScTBi co6BpaiOTca Bi> raaBHoK uepKBa a no4aiOTi> ceoa ro- 
4oca 04Bai> aa 4pyraM'b, 6e3i> Bcaaoii 6ajioTapoBRB, a Torb as'b 
RaaAHAaTOBX, ROTopbiSi BMterb 3a co6oio 6ojibuiBaeTBO ro^ocoBX, 
craaoBBTca 6eeMi>, apaBBTejeai*, cy4beio aa 04BB'b roAx. Ilaor4a 
jio6aMb]M 6e8 y4epacaBaeTi> aTO sBaaie a 4Ba ro4a epaiy deai) 
BOBaro Bbi6opa. Bi* BasKabixi* cjynaax'b 6e& codbisaerb coBi>Ti* 
eTapi»ilinMa*b. Hapliuieaie 6ea B'bcoB'fcTt ysKe a'fcT'b aaRaROB 4a.ib- 



32 B. H. JiAMAHGKArO, 

Htfiuiefi aaoejifluiu. BiiposeM'b, pacnpea Bb o6miiHt 6biBaeTi» ae- 

MHOrO, DOTOMy <ITO UUU Hap041> COOKOHHblS U nopfl40*lHbI& B 

p'b4K0 Me»C4y co6ofo ccoparcfl, paasb yuor4a aa qapoKi Buua. y 
Huxi» BOBce H'kTh TiopbMM. HbiukmHeMj 6eiO 6buo 75 JihTh oti» 

p04y B OH'b HM'ii.l'b BB41>, 4T0 npO^j^MBeTb 40 CTa jtlli. 

OuB Bcero 6ojAe aauMMatoTca pbi6ojoBCTBOMii, noTOMi* ckoto- 
B04CTB0Mi>, Bcero ffente xjtooaaiuecTBOMb. Oub co4ep3KaTi> cBofi 
cKOT-b ua npeKpacubix-b, o6iiiBpHbixi>, ecTecTBeuubixi> nacTdyiuasL'b 
no ootBiMi) CTopouauii cejeeifl, a aa SBMy npBnacaiOTi> ctuo 4^fl 

CROra. n0<ITB KaH£4blS 40M'b MMlieTl> CBOH ciHOKOCbJ. CtuO 6bUO 

xoTM B He oTwiBHuaro KaqecTBa, uo BRycuo a 34opoBOy a ee^epao, 
KaK'b Mbi TO npe3K4e BB4b^B Bi> 4pyrB2Li> 4epeBiiax'b. Ka3K4bi& 

40M'b, RaSKeTCfl, BMt^li TaKHfe CBOfO ^0Uia4b. Mbl BB4tjB B-b 4e- 
peBH'b ulsCROJbKO XupOIllBX-b 6blR0Bli B 4Bt flJB TpB D0pfl40«lBfaia 

RopoBbi. EcjB Docejeuubi ue aauaTbi pudHoio «ioB.ieio m jb nparo- 
TOBJeuieM'b pbi6'b, to oub nycRatoTca ei) B3B03HBHecTB0, nepeBoaa 
4^a TypoRi paaHbie TOBapu b npoH3Be4eBJfl b31i ropo4a bi> ro- 
po4i>; Bx-b ap6bi B4b Tejera, co6crBeuuoH bxi> nocTpoBRB, He- 

CpaBBCHHO aymne BCtXb, ROTopbia Mbl BB4tjB Bl) dlOM'b RpaK) BJB 

4aHce Bi> PyMBjiB. Boaspauiaacb 40Moii bsi* GBoero B3B03HBHecTBa, 
aa ROTopoe depyri* ci» TypoRb oco6yio HajiBSHyio DjaTy, ohb aa- 
rpyH^aiOTi* cbob ap6bi ameuaueio, aHMeHeai'B, oBCOM'b anpo*!., 4<Afl 
co^cTBeaaaro cBoero aoTpedjeaia. Bi> 4epeBat y aax'b 6bi4B >ie- 

Tbipe Me^bBBUbl 40B0.1bao npoCTofi nOCTpofiKH, ROTOpMfl, 04BaR0, 

ropa34o jiyHuie acapaBwia^B CBoe 4l>*io, HtMi* TypeuKiA. 

«io4RB BXi>, BB4'fcaabia aaMB aa osept, Bbi40j6jeHbi b31> 4e- 
peB'b, RaRi> 4e4aoKB Uu4'bBqeBi». Oat oneab tobrb do 6oRaMi>, 
HO BayTpB cRptn^eubi pe6paMB. ^epeao, o6biKaoBeaHO hub aa 
dTOTii Roaeui) ynuTpe64aeMoe, ecTb MaJtopocibiii, TOJCTbiii, qep-^ 
ubi& TOQoJb TaMomaaxii KpaeBi>, 4epeB0 Kotoparo qpeSBbiHaiiao 
aei'RO. Out ci> ootBXii KoauoBii ocTpbi, ae awiocR04oaHbi, a bm k- 
lOT-b, aaiipoTMB'b Toro, 4ao Kpyr.ioe, 6e3'b acBRaro rbja. Ua 
BTBXb ae oo^bmBX-b yTabixb 4a4baxi>, R03aRB jiuBHTb pbi6y Bi* 
MaabaccRuMh u3ept, aJbiByr-b no ptRt Kapa-4epe, TeRymeii B3b 
03epa B-b PbiB4aR^, cuycKaioTCfl uo Pbia4aKy bi> iMpaMopaoe Mope, 
uepenwibiBaiOTi> aro Mope 40 Po40cTa b Fajjuno^a, Dpoxo4aT'b 
Hpe3i> 4ap4aaeMiJbi, Bb Bepxi* uo duoccRoMy aa^HBy Ri> A4piaao- 



O CJaBflBAXl Bl MAaofi A3IH, Wh A<I»PHK'S H Bl» BCDAHIH. 33 

nojifo, HJB Bi> Bepxik DO CojyHCROMy aajHsy 40 Coj[yBfl; bjb Hce, 
npBflBMaH apoTBBynoJoxcBpe Banpasjieflie, nepeciRaiorB IIponoB- 
TB4y 40 CBwiBBpiB, 0TTy4a B4yrB ei* Ilapbrpa4'b b ua ctsep'b 
<ipe3i Boc^Kip-b B BiBepx-b no 6ypH0My HepeoMy Mopio in»ycTbflM'b 
^yaaii. AflramcKie Kyoe^ecRie uopARB Be pt4Ko ci> Baym^eBieMii 

BM4IITb BX1> BO BpeMfl dTBX'b not340Rl>. 04BB'B H^eU'b AMepBKafl- 

CKaro nocojbCTBa 04BaH€4bi KpaiiBe BsyMBdCfl, yBB4H 4B'ik b3% 
TaRflX'b 4040Ri», 00 BB4BM0My, Be TOJiue opixoBofi mejyxB, 4a- 
4eRo Bib Hop'ib, BecoMbifl' B^TpoMii B'b HepiA)MopcKyio 6ypi0. Ecjb 
Bfoepi Be CBjeB'b b DooyTeH'B, obb aoJbayiOTca Be6o4bmBMi> 
napycoiTB, bo ao 6o4bmeS «iacTB B4yT'b oa Baaaxik, 64B3ro npB- 
4epBCBBaacb 6epera. Hep'i>4Ko obb depyrb ch C06010 bi> btb 4ajb- 

Hifl D0'£34RB TaRBCe CBOBX'b 9Kefll> fl 4'lTefi. y Ra3K4arO Ba'b BBX'b 

ecTB po4CTBeBflBRB B 4py3ba Me3K4y 4yBaficRBUB RbaaRaMB, b at- 
KOTopbifl B3'b Bx-b ceMeficTB'bf Hepe3i> RaHC4b]a 4Ba B4B TpB ro4av 
nocimaiorb cbobxti p04Bbix'B. Ha Boopocb; Be norB6aioT'b jb b&- 

BOTOpbie B3'B BBX'B Bd MOp'b? OBB OTB'b'iadB: C(0«ieBb p']b4R0l>. JH^JiO 
Wh TOMX, HTO OBB OTJlB«IBbie 3BaT0RB nor04b] B OpBHBMdlOT'b BCe- 

BoauoffCBoe crapaaie, <iTo6bi Be 6biTb bi> Mopi ao Bpema 6ypB. 
Ec4fl noro4a BeBa4e3Kfla, obb Be nepectKaiOTb MpaMopaaro^ Mopa 
B4B RaRoro 4b6o b3i> ero dajBBOBi*, a ojibiByTi* B40Jb 6epera, ^ 
aoRa Be 4oii4yT'b 40 4ap4aflej.i'b r^b Bocoopa. IIo 40jroBpeMeH- 
HOMy oaBbiRy obb aBaiOT-b Bcfe 6yxTbi b ry6bi B404b ao deperaM'b, 
H B^ cjiyqai npoTHBflbixi> B'tTpoBi* BTacRBBaioTb jerRie cbob 
^ejHORB Ba RaRoS jb6o ye4BBeBBb]H 6eperB b ocTaioTca TaMii, 
DORa Be yTBxaeTii 6ypa \ CBepxi> Toro obb MoryTii o6b]RBOBeBflO 
pacHBTbiBaxb aa Tpa b4b «ieTbipe Mtcaua 6jaronpiaTBOfl noro4bi 
Kh TO Ay* B'B STB xcapRie uicaabi cjyiaeTca, <ito obb npBBy»4e- 



1. r. BpojH'b, HAewh AMepHKaacKaro nocoACTBa, noctrajib Apjrjn KosaoRyw 
KOJHMdio aa 4epR0BCK0ii'& osepib, aa EaponeftcRoil cropoai ^epaaro aopa, Mpcrax'b 
9% 45-m on> KoacTaaTHaoflOja. Obi> jAOCTOBtpajca, bm^ct^ co caoairb cnyraa- 
Kovb, BejbdilcKHH'b oacTopoM'b, ^TO 8T0 TaKse 4oacKie KoaaKa ■ TOJ&KO "lacTb 
Toro lueMeaH, aoropoe DOcejAiocb aa iBaabflccKon osepi. Bo apeMfl ero Docrbme- 
■ia aa jaqe 6ujo ae 6o4te 50 KoaaKOB-b. M^cTonoJoaEeaie BaBonacBO a npe- 
FpacBOb 9to oaepo ^epvoa'b .aojsho 6biTb xopomeio CTaaoieio bo BpeMa maBaaia 
Hx-b Kh 4yBaK> ■ o6paTao* — - DpaMtq. Marb-4>apjeaa« 

yq, 3An. — cjl 3 



34 B. B. jlAMABCRArO, 

Bbi 6biBaioTi> nepeB03BTb CBOB ^ejuoRB Ba ap6axi> cyxaM'b oy* 
Teai'B: bi> 04bo oneBb aaoiiBoe jAto p'ibKa Kapa-4epe h3cbkjm, Ba* 
HBBaH OTi) ycTbA cBQero Ba oaepi bbb3^ 40 EajyKJu: aoceMy obh 
BOjioKoiii> BepeTaumjfl cbob jio4Kb oti> 6eperoBib oaepa 40 04BO& 

3BaK0AI0B BM1> Hbldbl B 'TaMl>, CBflfi-b Bll> Cli CBOHS'b ap6l>, CBOBB 
CByCTB^B ^a B04y* 

OTo6paB'b OTi> 6ea Bct axa cB'64'fcBia, Mbi pacopocTBaBCb ci» 
BBM-b fl BpomJBCL ci» BOii«iaca BO aTofi jio6oBbnBoii rojiobIb. 9to 
6bua40Bo^bB0 4JBBBa}t4epeBBii, oTAkjennaH 60iibU]BM'b nycTbivb 

BpOCTpaBCTBOMl*^ Hd ROTOpOMX CTOB^B B'feTpilBBbIA H'LlbBBIIbl. 

IIpocTbie 40Ma 6bUB xom b ae TaKii merojieBaTbi, RaRi> 4oiii> era* 
paro 6efl, 04BaK0 oieab KpacBBbi b ooparBbi, t. e. €y4A bo aa- 

pyHCBOCTB, BOTOMy ITO Xofa ByTemeCTBCBBBRB BX04iBiIfl B> Be- 
60JbUlie BX1> 4B0pbI B^B Ca4BRB, BO BB 04Bfl'b BdTh o6hiB9iTeAejk 

Be BpBrjamajii» bxi» boStb 4aii'be. 0<9eBB4B0, «ito obb 6bMB B'b- 
cROJbRo Beji04Biib]; qp Ba4o6Bo BpBBflTb B-h pasc'ieT'b B to, hto 

obb 60B4BCb XO^epbl, B qTO MySKSBBbl 6b\4l* BCt Vh OTJy^Rt, Bl* 

ByTemecTBiax'b bjb 4^a fhiCuoH joBwIb aa BepxaeM'b Rpaio oaepa. 

Mbl BOSTB BBROrO BO BB4'i^JB 40Ha BAB Ba yJBtl'fc, RpOM't BCCBli B 

4iTeB: a ara ae roBoparb bo TypeuRB. HCeamaabi Bcb 6bU0 
6ocoBora b bi> KopoTeubRHXi* io6Kaxi>, e4Ba 4bCTBraiomaxi> 40 
BRopii. BapoHeu-b 04eaK4a axi* b31> 6yua3KBoii trbbb o<ieBb Rpa- 
CBBa a OBpaTBa. Ha rojioBi oai aocarii apRaro BBira 6yAia»cabiH 
B4aT0Ri>, aoBaaaaabiB ae bi> BB4t HajMbi, a BpocTo rbkx fljaTORi>« 
04eac4a 4'ibTeii 6ojiie niwh Rpacasa: oaa aaamaa b HCBBOflacaa; 
iiaabHBRB BOGBTb po4i> Ra4»TaB<iBRa (toDic), cflycRaioiuarocfl at- 
CRo^bKo BOBBBce Ro^'lbaa a uiajibBapbi. H to a 4pyroe aai* Rpia- 
Rott, TojcTofi 6^4011 6yMaHCBoii MaTepia, BoayBaeMofi bi> 40B04bBO 
0T4a4eBB0Mi> ropo4'fc Ea4yRi>-raccap%, 1^4^^ eacero4Bo 6biBaeT'b 
BaHcaaa 44fl aTofi nacTa AaaTOjia apaoHRa. Ka4»TaB<iaRi> Rpacaao 
oRailHjeai» Boapyr-b aiea a Buaaii bo rpy4B pasBbima apRBMH * 
TecbMaaa. 04eHC4a craparo 6en 6bi4a Taaaa ace T04B0t RaRi> a 
uajb^BROB^, 3a acK4io<ieflieMi> RpacuBbix'b Raeaii. TojiCTaa 6y«- 
MaHcaaa MaTepia Ra<t>TaBa TaRi* me Teajia, KaRi> cyRao. Myacnaabi 
Bcb Boca4B M-fexosyio BJB Roacaayio oiaBRy, B40tbo apBjeraio* 
uiyio Ri* ro40B'b. 

^B'fe FJaBHbia UepRBB OMeBb KpaCBBbl, BpOCTbl B OBpBTBbi; 



CJABflHAl'b Bl MAJi6fi A3IH« Bl> A4>PHSli H B1» RCnAHIH. 35 

oAHa varb hhxx cuapynca ouirykaTypeua h Bbid-kieaa. 06^ cHa6- 
Hceau BpecTaMB, KOTopua cMtjo BoaBbimaiOTCfl cti JiHueeog cto- 
poHbi 3AaHia H 06^ RphiTbi spacHoi lepeoHueS, Tor^a KaR-b Bcb 
npoqie acHJbie 40Mbi RpbiTbi RaMbiuieiMi>. 3toti> oaepobifi TpocT- 
HMiCB, 40CTeraioaiifi 34'fecb BbicoRaro pocTa^ c^yxcBT-b 4^a hhopo- 
paajB^Bbix-b ynoTpefi jeeiil , RaRi> 6aM6yR08big bi> KHTadb. KoaaRa 
4'fc^aioinb B8i> Hero npoHHbie 3a6opbi, paauaro po4a Deperopo4RB, 
ji%Tuie dapyca 44a ciBoax'b cy40B'b, Bapa 44a aoaaa pbi6'B, Roapu 
44fl jesRaBifl, noRpbiBdja 44fl cBouxi» ap6'B, a 4'fcTa 4t4ai0'rb aa-b 
aHxi cTp'feabi, ROTopbiMa BHor4a y6aBaiorb n4aBaiO[uax% pbi6i>. 
C-b o4Horo ROHua cejeaifl 40 4pyraro 8634*6 ^lacTora, aopa40R'b, 
4'fcflTe4bHbctb a cpasBBTejibHo ci> 4pyrBMB uiiCTaMB B'b axou'b 
apafo atROTOpoe B3o6B4ie a 64arococTOflBieo. 

^pyraa aaBtcTaaa PyccRaa R040flifl bii M. Aaia t. e. rpeTbe 
GjaBBBCRoe B'b aeil BocejieHie , 4eBCBTi> He4a4eRo orb CnHona. 
06pa30BaBie ea npoa3oiU40 npa C4i4yioaiaxi» odcTOATejibCTBax-b: 
B% 1708 r. HeKpacoBi* cb 7 bjb 8,000 «ie40B'ferb noine4'& ua 
Ky6aBb. CyaTaaii 4a4i> baii» aelija 44a nocejeaia, ocBo6o4B4'b 
ot% ao4aTeS a 4dpoBa4i> uuoria 4pyria npeaMymecTBa. Obb doce- 
jiB4BCb B'b TaMaBB, Bii 30 pepcraxii orb uopa a BbicTpoaaa 3 ro- 
po4Ra: Xaa-b lidCe^ Kapa HraaT'b a Ce6e4efi. alio apeacHefi apa- 
Bbi<irb OBB xo4a4B no HepaoHy Mopio 44a rpadeHca^ B'b qacjt 
500 HejoB'fcR'b C4y7Ka Kpb]MCRaMi> Xaaaifb; Bep'fc4R0 XROiBBRattTi 
^jcypuaBCRBMii D0Ra3biBa4a 4opory E-h Uapanbiay, R'b HepRacRy 
tt nocpedcmeoMb npeoicHUXb ceoux^ npiHtneueU aaeodfuu na /tony 
eMj/tnhi\ B'b TypeuRyio Bobay (1736 — 9 r.) 4oBCRie KoaaRa ci» 
KajMbiRava coacr4B Xaa'b Tio6e a mbofo cROTa OToraajB. He- 
spacoBUbi, CRpbiBmacb B'b ropaxiky BOdBparajiicb aa iipe»cflee hcb- 
TejbCTBO DO uaBOBaaia jace Bofiabi. B'b 1777 r., Ror4a Ky6aab 
C4'fc4a4acb Pocci&cRoio rpaHaiieio, HeRpacoBau otoqijib R-b rene- 
peoiBefi Aaan'fc a ooce4B4acb aa 3eM4ax'b AdaaaacRaro ooR04'b« 
Bia lUeraHBt Meac4y ptqRoio Saabi a nopeu-b. Do npacoe4BHeHifl 
ace Kpbilia B'b Poccia, oaa y4a4a4acb B'b AaaTOJiio, r4t 6ja3i> 



1. To«iBo TaRi H CaaBane Aaittcxie ee opepuBajB cbobzii CBaaelt cb aeHJaKaHv 
CBOHMB B-y Bporapia h Cep6iB, bjb CiaBaue AaittcKie Beat^y C06016, t. e. ApaOcaie 
rb oeraBoiBBBCB vbpauMB BMoepiB. 

* 



36 B. H. JLAMAUCRArO, 

CuHoaa y apBropo4Rd HepinaM6a, noceaajBCb. Hai Aaia Bbiraaja 
Bxi> HijMa a HauiH pacKOJbHHKB, nepeD.ibiBi> nope, Bo^BopajBCb 
ua p. 4u'fecTpt, Biy 80 BepcTaxi> Bbime OBfl4ionojiA, bi> cjio6oA'b 
Mo6pyraxi>. HaROBem>, Be xoth 6biTb PyccRBiufl (t. e. B044aBflb]- 
mb), bi> 1787 r, otooijb bii Ey jrapiio R-b p'fcsRt 4yBaBuy b oaepy 
PoaejbM'b. Bi> ce^eBifl bxx ^yBasau CHBTajocb 40 1,200 4bo- 
poB-b; Bi> 4pyroH'b ceaeaiB Gaxi^-Kioii, h^bjb Tt bsii axx co6pa- 
Tiii, ROTopbie apB EBpoB-ib 61»cajiB aa ^paBB^y^ Gbxi» Boc^tA- 
uBxi> ^oBCRie Bbixo4ilbi^ BpBBa4Je3KaBaiie Ri* caMofi aaRocfliaoft 
ceRr6 cyecBATOBii, bt» coB^tcTBoe cV co6oio xcBTeabCTBo Be apa- 

BBBia;lB, B 4aHCe Bl> p04CTB0 Ch BBM1> Be BX04BJB. HeRpaCOBUbl, 

cjyxca cyjTaBaMi>, bo BpeMn Boiiflbi BbixoABjia Kh noae, bi> ^acj'b 
3000 4e.ioBiRi>, Bo«iHTaBmBxcji s^TypeuRofi apiiia xpa6pt&niBMB 
Ba'fe34flBRaAiB». Bi> 1 828 r. HeRpacoBUbi 4o6povojbBo Bpe4ajiBCb 
PyccROMy apaBBTejibcTB) a npacarayja rocy4apio ^ DpBBe4eBBoe 
aaMB aaB'bcTie EpoBeecRaro o HeRpacoBuax'b Be coBcibirB Btpao. 
He Bcb HeKpacoBixbi yauB aai* B04'b CaBoaa : BOBbial} «iacTb bxi* 
SKBBerb Beno4ajieRy oti> Gaaoaa, bi* ypo«iaiiit Kaaajib-IIpiiaR'b 
BJB KyH4HcyBacx. BoTi> no4jiBBBbiJi cjOBa o4Boro KaBRaacKaro 
CTapo3KMja: «CB'i>4'liBba ara (o HeRpacoBuaxx, t1& ace, hto co- 
u6iueBbi Bbnoe) coo6uieHbi Mwk HepRaccRaua cxapoacajaMB wh to 
BpeMA , Ror4a a hcbjii> HeHC4y BeaoRopabiMB HaTyxaaciiaMB , t. e. 



1. EoiTBBi* TBWh roBopBTik o BpeMCBB fiBpoBOBCKOM'fc : «Bi» Topo^ax'^ (SpJmaBifl 
KaBAiJOB-fc, Bcajof^Bbie rjacbi kojo^bhkori*, npocfiiiuix'b mbjoctuhio otii npoxo^wi- 
uiBX'b, Boajyx'fc BanojaajB. Sfon nopy6eoicHiMn npoeuHUflu mhouh mtw/iHu Kpecmh/m%j 
CibOKfM'B c« otcenoMU u en ditmbjcM, noceAUAue/i m Bfojibuttb^ MoJidaeiu u BoMUDiu. 
(llpBM^H. aa HcT. ApeBB. b bob. Poccih T. JexjiepKa. Co<i. Hb. BojivBa. Cti6. 1788. 
II, 469). A Bi> ApyroH'fc Mtcrb, roBopji o aapoAOBacejeaiB Poccia vh oepioA'fc 
1721—1783 r., oaii Muli^BeTh: nCKOJbRO aa rpaBHay'^mjo toibo cKasarb ae aorj; 
BO cy AM no BejaKBMi* cAo6o/UiWh Pyccaax'fc KpecTbuaii , nocejeaabixi* B-b Etjo-s 
pyccia, Ilejbiut, .iBTrb, Bajaxia, Moj^aaia a 4a»e aa 4yHaeM'b vh fiairapia, ae 
M ea be 250,000 ^ynrfc nojaraio». (II,'323). He atniaerb npa ceai Bcnoaaatb, «ito 
KieajjiBe 1068 r., Ror^a BeacjaBi flpocjiaBB<ib npaaejL'b aa aaxib Jnxoi'b (aeaiJio 
•IflACKyio}, DOCJiajB cRaaarb CBjiTOoojRy a Bceaojo^y: aa noa^era bt ropo^ii oriia 
cBoero; ameaa ae xo<ieTa, mo homz hmoam: aaoieetute tpadv eeoiii, emynuMv n rp9^ 
MdCKy aejHAtoo. (P. S. I, 74). 

2. HcTopia 4oBCRaro Bottcaa. Baa^. BpoueacRaro. CnO. 1834. I, 269. 



O CIABABAXl* Vh MAJOA A31li, B^ A<l>PilR« H Bl UCnAHIH. 37 

Bi» 20-x'bL ro4axii. Bi* oaMflTH TBep40 coxpaanjocb BocnoMHHaHie 
o apa6uTiB ri> HBM-b, a wb ao&i'feiicTBii] a o6t> oTOdbiTiH KaaaKOBi* 
BTh AaaTOjiio. Ho oaycTHbiM-b ape4aHiflMi> ohh HSBicTBbi 40 ceii 
Dopbi y HepRecb 0041* ^BOHRBM-b Ha3BauieMT>: ^-/KHjajib-Ka3aKi> b 
ypyceaift. IIpoHCflBi* 40jroe Bpena ua bocto4uomi» 6epery 4epiia- 
ro Mopa, rA'fc, do o6ii3aaBOCTflM'b c4yHc6b], a BMi4i> lacxbia cho- 
meaia <rb TypaaMB , apB^biBaBoiBMfl ri> aaM-b no ToproRbi.\ii> ^t- 
jaM-b Ba-b pasBbix-b MtcT'b AaaTOJifl, a oROH^iaTej^bao y61i4HJca 
Bib cymecTBOBaaia ^pyro^ PyccRoS Rojoaia (aepBaa ua 6epery 
Maabflccaaro oaepa) wh Majoe Aaia, He4aaeRo oT-b CaHona» \ 

Opa ycTba oAUoro b3i> pyRasoB^b p. Fajacji BwIB Bbjiitmaflro 
Ka^B^b-IIpiiaR'b Baxo4BTCfl ropacTaa MicrnocTb, aasbiBaeinafl do* 
9apa BjB Soiopte^ a Apyraa M'fccTUocTb fTo/coru/i (?) ^ — uaaBaaifl 
C^aBaacKia, yRaabiaaiouiia aa 6b]TaocTb B'b dTaxi* M'fecTax'b Cja- 
BaacKaxik nocejeaiS. aEme ^aj'te aa BocTORb, — roBoparb lUa* 
«»apBR'b, — eC4a aipaTb A-h dTOMi. ciyqab 04B0My FpenecROMy 
iiyxoBBOMy, BB4'ibBmeaiy to coScTBeaabiMB r^aaana, Baxo4aTca ua 
TOM'b ace EaRcaacROM-b noMopb'fc, B-b oRpecxaocrax-b rop. Tpane- 
3yuTa« B'bcROJbRO cejeaia, oSaxaeMbix-b CjaBaaaMa». 

BoTii, cROjibRo MB'b a3BtcTB0, Bct BbiB'buiBia Baom CB'b4'fcuia 
o coBpeMeaabiX'b CaaBaacRBX'b nocejieniaxi> pi» Majoa Aaia. He 
Tp]f4BO aaM'bTaTb ax'b Bey40B4eTBopaTejibaocTb; aeejaa nocajbao 
caoco6cTBOBaTb apBBe4ieaif0 aToro ape4MeTa Bi>4043KuyK) acaocTb, 
Be Mory rb 3aRJK)«ieBbe ae o6paTaTb BBanalibe «iaTaTejfl eme aa 
O4ao o6cToaTejbCTBo. P. apot^eccbp-b MyxjaucRiB bi» cuoeafb ua- 
Cwii40BaHia o iJaTOBCRHXi* Tarapaxii, C4'64ya y6a(iaua , yaaabi- 
Baer-b aa Tpa TaTapcRBxi* Ro^oaia B-b Typuia^ hcbtc^b ROTopbixii 
p-feiRO oTJBqaiOTCfl orb npo«iaro TypeiiRaro aacejeaia a roctk>- 
HoiTb fl TBBOM'b: o4aa aaxo4aTCfl Ba4'b p. Ka3Bjib<^IIpiiaR^, 4py- 



1. Cm. ct. AEme PjrccKafl rojohU n Majoi Asian, ■'b raa. (xKaiKas'b)), ootom-b 
aepea. vb raa. cPyccuM HBBaja4'fcJ> 1856, 3 Hapra ■ «Ca($. Bt40ii.» 1856, 6 aiapra. 
OC-y 8T0ft «e KOJOBiH CM. Rotliers Itin^raire de Tiflis it Constantinople. 1S29. p. 27 
C'esl fiir ce fleuTe (Kizil>lrmak), dans des Tallees fertiles, au dessus de Bafra, qu'ba- 
bileat les Qoaaqaes Xaporovi (sic). 

% Rottiers — I. 1. A Tembouchure d'ane des branches du Kisil Irmak, on 
aper^oil lea ruinea de Zagora et de Konopea ancienues colonies Slaves (p. 27 i>. 



3^8 B. B. ^AIIAUCKArOi 

raa He4a4eRo ot-b Bpyccbi, rpeTbfl bi> Ao$py4Hct« Mflc^o dTini'B 
KOJOHBCTorb opocTBpaeTca 40 35«000 4yinii \ 

yda^BBBy a 3a bbm-b r. My.uBHCRifi, He oinB64BCb ju 34icb, 
DpBBflBb 4Bt oBBcaHUbiA HauB PyccRifl RojoHiii 3a TaTapCEia? 

V. Bi> Mo^asiB B ByROBBflt ecTb xaRHce PyccRin noce.ieBifl« 
KaR^ no BaacHocTB dtoro Dpe4MeTa t tbr-b h no HtROTopbiMi* ot- 
BoineuiHiii* BX'B R-b ROJOBiflM-b Majo-A3ificRBiii>t fl p'ibtuaiocb npB- 

BeCTB O flBXl> HtCROJbRO 4aHflblX'b. 

06i> aTBx-b PyccRBX'b ROJiofliax-b cooSmaerb BicRojbRo jio6o- 
nbiTBbixi) BSB'bcTifi tio<9TeBBb]6 BHORii Ilapeeaifi, caM'B iiB4B0 no- 
cfeTBBinifi BXi>, Meate 20-tb jtrb Tomy Ha3a4'b. 

TaRX Bi> ByROBBBt, b^ BepcTaxi> aaxB oT-b ropo4a Co4aBU, bi> 
ceji'b CoKOdHUt^i^ H€BByTi> HamB pacROJbBBRB: ciroBopiirb b 04eHc- 
4y Hocarb no-BejBRopocciBCRBn '. Bi» 4Byx'b aepcrax-b orb axoro 
cejeHiA CTOBTb DpaBocjaBHbiB MoaacTbipb ^IparoMBpea ^ B^b 



1. r. MyxjHBCKaro — aacj* o npoHCz. h coct. Jht. Tarapi*. (Am> Cd6. yHHS. 
18tt7. C. 153). Ubicini — Leltres sur la Turquie. Paris. 1853. p. 23. 

2» Cxaa. o crp. h np. I» 19. 

V 

3» aBorocjyateaie b renepb coaepiuaerca b^ Bern* 6oMbmen «iacTbio do-Pjtccbb. 
Caepsi Toro, Baxo4BTCB b% bcmii Koe-Baxie ocrarKB B-fecor^a BecbHa sBaqBTejbHoi 
kojjeiriUB pyRoaacefi CjBBHBo-PyccKB&'B, co6paBiio BOTopuxi» Ba<ia«io dojosbj> 
eme ocBOBaTejiB HoaacTupB , yn^Bull imtpodojbt'b CynaBCBill AaacTacitl KpuMKo- 
BBqb, npoHcxoBUeBieM'fc b BOcaBraHieM-b PyccKiH. 4pyne naHBTBBRB, ciNA'feTejb- 
cTByB>mie o npoxBeirii 6B64iorpa«HHecKOM'b GorarcfB-fe eroft KOJaevaiB, ne uBB^crao 
BaBBHB nyTBMB aaiujB bi> 6B0jioreKB BtHCKyK) a 4p63AeBCKyK>, r4t 6jB>4yTCfl ao- 
BUB'bA. (GTft HaAoauBBa 06% dTBorpa<». B3y<ieBifl Bap04Bt PyccKofi^ wh 3an. Feorp. 
06m. I, 175. IIpBM,). UaoK-b ilapeeuift roaopaTii apo ce6fl — ffnomejn* bo AacTpill* 
CKiB Bja^'baia, bo crpaay ByKOBaay, Ht eeouMV PycoHUMi», ff , 18). «Bi> ByROBBUt Bce 
6ojbuie npaBocjaBHue. EaacRoo-b xaBeniB-b HepooBaiiax'b, VAb aapoqoH'b a npaao' 
cjaaauxi aeMaoro, a 6o4te HtMiihU). (20). Boti> oDacaaie Hapeeaia BtRoropux-b mo* 
aacTupeit: Co^tMUt^a, bi KOTopoMi* «zpaaaTCH Aparoa-baautt apecr'b, yRpameax aja- 
TOMi a Raaeaiearb /iparaMi*; ooBiepTBOBaa'b PoccittcKBMb 6jaro*iecTaBUM'b iiapeMb 
0eo40poiiii loaaaoBaqeM'b bi Be^aaifi crbti.. Ho rofab ABcrpiitcRid aitoepaTOpfci 
CRBTi BeiBRofi paaopBJB a ynpa34UHJB, to MoeaxaitB cell Kpecrb nepeaecea-b s'b bo^ 
aacTiapb Co^aaai^t r4'b a 4oauB'b xpaaarcB. 3rtt MoAdaeut^; cToarb a^yrpa rop'b 
KapnaTCRBxii aa p. Mo44aBk 4. mobbct. «4patojiNpiia, hto 64aa'b Co*iBBMt bii boto- 



O CJIABJIHAX1> Wh MAAOH A3IH, Wh AO^PHR-ft B Wh HCUAHIH. 39 

40 nepcTaxT* otb GoiaBbi fuecn ee^Hicoe Pyccfcoe ceao pacKOJbHu- 
RUB-b, aaabiBaeMoe R-kiaa Kpiiuima» (TaMi» Hce). 



poww zpaBATCH paaApoGjeBHUfl hoiuh cb. MyMeaRKa laKona TlepcfluflBa* Bcb cia no* 
nacTLipa yKpameBu b pocnRrauhi BROHBUH'fc cT-baabiH-b OBcaaieiiih rpenecRoll pa- 
(kiTu, ao>ioCBO KaiTb bi» AeoBCKHxnb MOBacTupazi. MouaxB »BByTi» no QiTary, oo- 
jynaio'rfc orb rocj4apeil AacTpittcRBX'b acajosaBbe, HBTaioT'b b nonr-b no-CjaeABCKB, 
DO PoccittcKBH-b KBaranit. Ha eKTeaiax-b, noMBBaH BaaroqecTRatilmaro PoccittcKaro 
HanepaTopa HBKOJaa QanaoBBia, noHBuaiOT'b b caoero 4ep»aBBaro Uecapii. Ho yxe 
MOBasiecKBX'b DpMBJTb cTpoFO BB co5ji04anT'b; 1160 Bib ABerpifl BCBByrii npaBo- 
cjBBBbie Bit BejiBROH'b opBrbCBeBiB, B Cojte KpeoTi BecyT*b, aeseja FpeRa or'b Ty- 
pOK-b^ BoponeMi roaarb a apariicafleT'b ae qapcKafl BjacTb, ao AyxoBaaa or-b aaou 
PiiBCKarou. (I, 20). B-b XV HI a. AscTpittoKie yaiaru 6uja eme pacnojoaceau ki 
BaoiBMi» PyccBBirb. TaK-b BapcKitt roaopaT-b npo JbBOBX (1723—1724 r.)'- (rn»MoecTb 
HBoro CTpaaBOJnftBBux'b AtoAelk orb Pyccoa-b ^yxoBBux-b a MipcRRXi*, KOTopue R-b 
■aai BeebMa djaroeajMaabi Oujb; aaanaqe me rue, naie aa yaiK> aacBJOBaau; ay 
Tajta-b ate (Sunia rbJO npaaocjaBBbiv. Bii XYII b. .IbBoai* Baxo4B4ca wh araBux'b caa- 
Bax-b ch MocRBOH). TaR-b lOpitt Tpy6eiiR0tt Aoaocaj-b B'b 1674 r., qro anpitxajB ■s'b 
DojbniB B'b Kiea-b HojbCRaro ropo4a .IbBOBCRaro uoaacTbipa uepRaa ca. Idaaaa 
Borocjoaa aryirea'b a9 Aaa qejoaiaa .XbaoacRie Mtmaae, a cKaaajRCb aryMeaii loca- 
^oB-b aoayrb TBupaacKitt, a M'bBiaae, oabofo HBaaoBi aoByr-b Fopo^euRift, aa Mh- 
Ryjaa flepnypa; wh BpomJOM'b a-b 181 r. aar. B'b 24 4eBb, nocjajn* axi* aao .IbBOBa 
«ibBOBCRotl eoBCKyn-b loca^i* lIIyBjRBCRott R-b MocKB'b , 6aTb nejOMi* Te6^ , bbj. 
rocy4., o HB40CTBB'fe H BB cTpoeBie uepRBB cBBTaro HflKOjaa Hy40TBopua». (CaaiS* 
C6opB. Hajop. 4* •^^ 28). 6or4aB'b XMlMibaBQRiik ae aa/Suaaj-b o JbBoat, Ror4a aa- 
AyMMJUt ocao6o4BTb Bapo4'b PyccRitt asi aeaoja nojbCRoB. Bi 1649 r. roaopaJ-b 
OBI npitxaamaani rx aeay HojibCRBirb ROMMBccapau-b : rreoepb ae aoii4y h aa aoitay 
«a rpaBBoy, ae no4biMy ca6jB aa Tarap-b a TypoR'b, 40B04bao Mat 4tJtt aa yapaa- 
wb, aa 0040411 a aa Bojubb, a-b CBoell ae«Jl», no Jboon^ Xe^bjca b roAUHM. (QaH., 
«34. KJeacR. BpeM. Kom. 4Ja paaOopa 4peBfl. ifKTOB'b. Ha4.2. 1848, 1,330 b cj.)« Kob* 
TapBBB rOBoparb B'b oaoaxi* aanacKax-b' (c7 ceaT. 1476 r. OTcaii Cre^^aBb oTopaaBjca 
Wh oyTb cBOtt (B'b BeaeaiB)) , B'b conpOBO»4eBiB Btaoero HaROjaa JKbeotCKaio oku- 
mcAH (Nicola da Leopoli), SHWUiaio xopomo amy dopoty^ a a ocraaca ai* Mocaa'b 40- 
XM4aTbCA era Boaapameaifln. fla'b KpacaacRii, B'b cBoeatii coqaaeaia d noaboib, na- 
caaaoiTb B'b 1574 r., roBopBT-b ■ev4y npo^BH-b: «Pod naiastem t6ni (Przemysl) 1 
p6lDoca6j strooy (z wielk) dla mie8zkadc6w dogodaojcif) p}yoie San, bior^oy s^J 
pocxftek w KarpaUch blizko zr6del Cissy. O kilka dni drogi od tego miasta lezy 
LubUtiy gdzie co rok w ozaaczonym czasie znakomity odbywa sif jarmark, na kt6ry 
przybywaj) kupqy z rotoych krajow, jako to: z Moskwy, Litwy^ Tartaryi, loflant, 
Pros, HWfi, Niemiec, W^ier, Turcyi, Wotoszczyzny, oraz Ormianie i Zydzi. (J. Kra- 
ai&skiego Polska ccyli opisaaic topograflczoo-polityczne Polski w wieku XVI oraz 
iBateryaly do panow. Hear. Walez. przetlumaczone, zebrane i objasoiooe przez Stao. 
BttdainakiegB. Warsaawa. 1852. Sir. 112). 



40 



B. B. JAMAHCKATO, 



Bi> MojAaeiHy wh 100 Bepcrax'B oti> r. flccB, iie3K4y ptMum 
MoJ4aBoio a CepeTOM-b, He4ajeRo otb rop. 4>HjbTBHeHb, Haio- 
4HTca PyccRoe pacKOJbHHHecRoe ce^o MaeyHJioBRa. «Bi» cejsi Ma- 
HjHjioBRt sKHByrb Bce PyccRie* 6ojbine 100 40M0B^t 3ame4iDie 
B3i> Poccia fl noce^BBiuiecfl 34'bcb 6oA'be 1 50 jtTi>. SCBxe^B paa- 
Hbix'b ceRTb B TojROB-b. Edm'h ceaa Haxo4iiTca rpa CRaia: 4Ba 
MyHccRiot a 04au'B HceHCRiB. Moaaxa a MOHaxBBB paaauxi ceji>)». 
(I, 80). 

B'B BpatuMoerb ccHCBBerb uBoro PyccRaro Hapo4y » xyniioBx a 
oicumeAeUio (II, 37). Ha paacroAflia rpex'b qacoBib xo4b6bi on 
EpaB40Ba AeTREj-h PyccRoe ceao KoMenb, acBByT'b b-b aeMi HeRpa- 
coBabi. «Obb Bac1» o6jacRajiB RaRi> cbobxi> 3eMJAR0Bi». Obb aa- 
CToamaro Haiuero PyccRaro a3biRa a Bcixi* o6bi>iaeB'B. IIocpe4B 
ceja — Bx-b qacoBBfl, aa aefi RpecTU a ROJORo^a. II6o oaa 
BM'ikiOT'b oT-b TypROBii yBBHceaie , noTOtty "ixo cjyncaTi bi> Kosa-- 
Raxi a oo4BBMaio'rb aa PyccRaxi* pyRB ; 3a to axi* a ^106^7^. 
Mbi cnpocBjB Bxi»: ccmohcbo jib HoieBaTb y hbxi>7» Obb eaaaajiB: 
i(Bi» RdKofi 40Mb BaM-b yro4HO , — Bci ch jio6oBifo apBMeu'b; a 
eacejfl yro4BOy to B4flTe B'b.cRBT'b ri> BaioBMi uoaaxan'b, a obb 
pa4bi 6y4yTi» Bau-bx). Mbi ooin^a R-b MoaaxaMi»i>. Tyn* caa^iajia 
flpBBHja BX'b jacROBo, bo Ror4a aasajacb npeaia o Btpi, to e4Ba 
Be y6iAAB Bxi>. (I, 39). 

BeCbMa BtpOHTUOy 3aMlTflBf'b RCTaTB, B3BiCTB0e ap0B3B04CTB0 

PymyRT* oT-b Pyn. 

He 40JHCH0 04BaR0 4yMaTb, qToPyecRia npce^eaia Brb]|ioa4a- 
Bifl a 3a ^yaaeM-b B-b Eojrapia 9 otbocatcji CBOBM'b flaiajtoMi* Kh 
XVIII Bjkay. Ofi-fe aenpeMiaao 6bMB a panbiae: bi* XVII, XVI b 
XV b., Ror4a CBomeaifl PyccRaxi* ch Mo.94aBaHaMa, Bojoxaua b 
EowirapaMB 6biJB 6e3npepbiBHbiii ; ohb bochtti aa ce6'fe TaRofi xa* 
paRTep-b npoHBocTB, <iTo 404HCB0 npe4nojaraTb aenpepuBBOCTb 
PyccRBXii ooeejeaiii bi> araxi* seauBxi* cb caMUX'b 4peBBiBniBX'b 
BpoMea-b. BcooMBBMi) TOJbRo, «iTo, 00 cjioBaHx HecTopa, PyccRie 
CaaBiiHe — ^y^yqa, TaBepbua C'fe4axy no ^flicTpy, DpBct4axy 
R-b ^yaaeBBx) , a 4parou'baHbiii naMBTflBR-b XII b. Cjobo o oojRy 
HropeB-fe roBopRT-b o ^yaat, rbri* o PyccRoft ptRt: Bce pa4yeTcii 
ocBo6o»C4eBiio UropeBy — aCojiBiie catTBTca aa ne^eca, Hropb 
RBa3b Bb PycKOfl aeiija; dfieut^u nonm^ m /lynau; eiaomtH touodu 



O CUABllUAl'b Bl MAJOii A3IM, Bl> A<l»PI1K'fe H Bl> BCDABIH. 41 

np936 MOpe do Kteeasi b ap. HecqacTObifi RBii3b BacB4bRo xottj-b 
«aepeiiTfl Boarapbi ^ysaficKbi'b, b noca4BTB a y co6e» (P. A. 
I, 113); BciuTt B3BtcTefli» VLoxoA'h CBflTocjaBOB'b Bi>Eojrapiio (bib 
X B.)^; BCDOMBBiTb Bey4a<iBbifi noxo4i> Bja4BMipa flpocaaBaqa cb 
BoeB040iO BbimaroK) opoiBB-b FpeROBii bi> 1 043 r. «II nofi4e Bo- 
ji04BMep'B bi» 404i»fli'b, B DpB4onia B-b 4yBafi, aoB4oina ko Uapio- 
rpa4y; b ducTb 6ypfl BeiiBKa, b paada Ropa6jB PycB, a RBAHCb 
Ropa6jb pa36fl BiTpi» , b B3fl RHa3fl Bi» Ropa6jb HBaHTi Taopfl- 
MBpB«ib« BoeB04a flpocjaB4b. Ilpoqia see bob BoJ04BMepB BBepxce- 
bb 6bia]a Ba 6perB, <ibcjohi> 6000; b xoxa^ie hoStb sib Pycb, b 
Be B4e cb BBHB BBRTOBc^ oT'b 4py3KBHbi RBasKee^H pe4e BbiuiaTa: 
«a3i> noB4y cb bbmbd; b Bb]C'fc4e bsi* Ropa64fl K'b bbmi*, peRx: ame 
»BBi» 6y4y f TO (Tb BBHB » aoie DorbiBy , to Cb 4pyHCBB0I0l> ; B 

OOB40IDa XOTBHe B-b PyCb. EI 6bICTb B'6cTb PpbROM'b, HRO b36bjo Mope 

Pycb, B oocjia napb, BMeBeHi» MoBOMax-b, no Pvcb oja4iii 14; Bo- 

V 

JI04BMep'b »Ce BB4'ibBl> Cb 4pyHCBB0I0, HRO B4yTb BO BBX1>, Bl»Cna- 

THBibCfl b36b 04A4B Fpe^ibCRbifl, B BiiaBpaTBCfl B'b Pycb^ ccibAaBiue- 
Gfl wh Kopa6jB CBols. BbimaTy nee ama ch asBepsKeBbiMB aa dper-b, 
H apHBe40U]a n Uapiorpa4y, a c^'ibnauia Pyca uaoro; no Tpei'b ace 
drfcrfcx'b MBpy 6b]Baiio, nymearb 6bicTb BumaTa b-b Pycb K'b flpo- 
cjiaByi). (P, A. I, 66 a c^.). BcnoMBBM'b, «ito aaxb Bja4flMipa Mo- 
Bouaxa, •AeoB'b uapeBaqb, bi> 1116 r. «B4e... na Rypi* OjeRcia 
iiapH, a B4acH ropo40B'b eMy wlyaaficKbixx B'ibROjiRO ; a b^ 4ejib- 
CTpi ropo4'& JecTiio y6acTa a 4Ba CopoqaBaaa, aocjiaaaa uapeM-b, 
irfcc. aBr. bi* 1 5 4eBbx>. ccBi> ce sxe ji'^to, — saH'feH^eT'b B<M'b4'b aa 
xibirb jL'bTonacem»t — Rnasb aejaKbiB Bojo4aMep'b noc4a HaaBa 
BofiraniBHa, a nocaaca noca4BaRa no ^ynaio)). 

GaBCORi» ropo40Bi> PyccRaxi», reorpa4»B«iecRiil naMaTBBR'b 
XIV B., BecoMBiaao 40Ra3biBaeT^ 4aBB0CTb nocejeaifi PyccKax'b 
B^ dTflXii RpaaxTi. oA ce BMeaa rpa46M'b Bcin-b PyecKbiiii> 4aj'- 
BBirb a tijBBCBBM'b: na Aywuh Ba4aaoB'b o ce4Ma CT^Bb RBMea- 
Bux'b, M4aB'b; o6oHy cmpany ^yua/iTpTtBOB-b^Ty jesKBTbCa. IIbt-^ 
BBiia; a no /fynaH) ^pecTBaa'b, ^Bqaai*, Kajia; na yemte /fynan 



1. CiJiTOcjavfc roTOpHj-b cioell Marepa b Oojipaini: crHejio6o uu ecrh wh Riee-b 
6uTB, xotny oteumu cs ITepeHCMMt^H m ^ynau^ hkq mo 4emb eepeda n 9eMJiu MotH^ 
WKo ry BCfl (Sjaraii czo4flTCflB b iipo<i. 



42 B. B. JAMAUCKArOf 

ff 

UoBoe Caio* AROJATpfl, hq jNope Kapaa, Kasapna ; a na ceU cmpoHib 
^ynan: na ycmb ^Hitcmpa uBAh nopeMii B'kii»ropo4rB » 4epH!&i 
AcRbift Toprii na IIpyTe ptii'fc, PouaBOB'b Toprii ea MoJ408t, Hi- 
M«^b^ Bi* ropaii», Kopo4K>BOBi» RaiieHb, CoHaBa^ CepeTb* Baeii* 
BeqfOfirb, Ko«ioiibia, ropo40Ki» aa HepeMOini, aa ^'ibcrp'b XoTiH'B\ 

i. Cp. HMesABBa oO PyccK. Hapo4a. irae. y carji Pjgcr. Cect/n, 1857. C 84 
M &a* Bro Me aOiSii ariiarp. iiay*i. aapoAii* PyccRott» 3ao« Feorp. Ofim. L Bro mm 
«0 o^T. no Ciaa. 8eM4aiiia» H(. M. H. lip. 1842. Iiohih IIIa«». Cuaa. ^peaa. S 30. 2. 
T. II. Kb. 1. C. 341. Kap. H. T. P. IT. IIpHH. 389. Ha4e»ABB'b roaopiirb, aaa-b oqe- 
sa^en-b: wh MoJAaaia aepxaeik (Uapa-Ae-Cyci), a-b aaayraz-b iiomoittOMcirojKa, /fa- 
poxoficKOMBy Cy^oac^bJNV, Hmmcu^om^ BoKeucKOMZ, PoManenom u Bcckomz, rAh 
uaoejeaie <i^cTO-PyccKoe, ataayuiee cM-bioaaao cb Pyayaaua a oco6bbkou%, 6eaoraB- 
HoHJOiO MOMBO no4araTb bi» atcRonao Taica<ii> 4yaiiia (06ii btb. aayq. aap^ PyocR. a% 
San. r. 06bi« I, 170). — ^Tb Pyccaia aocejeala a vh Baja&la, ao Mesbme Htm* a-b 
MoJAaaiv; 04BaR0 ai» Bpaaaoat a OKpecraocTBZ'b xaaeri* MBoro PyccKax'b, BcTb 
oub a a-b 4oOpy4arb, ocodeaao aejaaa PyccKia nocejeaia a-b TV^bvn*, ROTOpua vh 
uyray aaauaaiOTca Homamu AdecmoMu: trtyrb aa aaauoaii mary acTp-bqaemb Be- 
aBRopocditCRyK) 0opo4Ry bjb MajopoccittCRitt Myni, a-b Raauoa'b oohtb oRomrfc 
aB4aatb aNaao*PycoRktt ovaaorb bjb cfeaepao-PyccRUI ooaottaaR^D. — v4y*iniee bm»^ 
aie ropo4Ka ecn aoaoDocTpoeaaafl opaaocjaaaaa Pyocaaa tiepaoab, RpacyaomaacB aa 
aiaaooBCROMi, otkioaj MABom-h aoaauineBia, a, vro acero aaMt<iaTeJbate a-b Typ- 
Qia, a Cb RojoROJuaa, ai aoTopue fijaroa'bcT'b a rpeaaoa-b, to<ibo bi npaeocjiaBBoa 
Pocda. HacTOBTeJb aroit iiepRaa oreaii 4»Bjann'b, cb aorb 40 rojoau PycaR'b, <ie40- 
wkwh oTjaqaaro ooae4eBifl, aecbaa yaautt a nparoM-b acRycuui BRoaonacem*, no4b- 
ayercB aoeofimaMii yaaareaieM'b ; eay oRaauaaerca ocoOeaaoe BBaaaBie 4aace co cto* 
pOBbi MlKXTBbix'b Bjacveil MyoyjbttaacRBZ'bv. (Taa'b ate. C 178^170}. Borit «rro tbr-^ 
aie aaaliqaorb Ha4eK4aB'b o aaaaeaaroil atcraott apaapRli npa ypo^ancb Kapa^ey^ 
memAj 1epaaB040Hi a RK>cTeB4aca, aepcTax-b bii 70-Ta on Tyjb<iB vrh mry: oTyrb 
aa coaepmeaao rojott crena, r4'b atr-b aa Roaa, aa 4Bopa, aaaaaajo Bapo4y TbMa 
Tbaymaa, co Bcero npocrpaucTBa aes4y 4yaaeM'b a BajRaaaMa: ae caorpa ua to, 
PyccRie 6bija 0<ieHb aaaiTBu; ocoffeaao aenepoa'b, Kor4a 4BeBB0tt myai* a rawb 
nparaz'b, bch oyoTUaaaa rjymb crena of jacajacb y4a4UMa n^cBBua Pyccaaro aau* 
aa a aantea.... Crpaaao 6bijo, bi coct4CTBrb 4yaaa a Bajaaaoa'b, ojuniaTb a'b ab" 
CBBXii arBxi rpoaoaayqabia BOcnoaaBaaia npoaBojry MaTymRy», npo wropu Mocrob* 
CKia*Bopo(SbeBCRia», 4aace npo dMaryniRyn npo (cHeByn cb ea ac4aaflbiy'b Bacajbea- 
CRBB'b ocTpoBOB'bi). (C. 179). BoDpocb oOi OTBomeBiazii Poccia a aoofiuie aipa Cja- 
BBHCRaro Ri* 4yuattcRBxi> KoaatecTBaMii a-b npoue4mea'b, BacToamea-b a 6y4yniea'b, 
CToarb a'b pa4y BaKatamax-b a aacymHliiiioBX'b aaniRx-b Bonpocoa'b. Ero coBpeaea- 
aoe nojoateaie a-b jarepaTypli Pyccaott caysarb 04BBtt'b aa-b ca^batilaiBX'b 40Ka8a- 
TeabCTB'b nenajbaaro coapeaeaaaro cocroaaia aameil acropia, BameA jarepaiypu. 
B-b oTBOuieaia 4yaattcRax'b RHaacecra-b apattae aeo6xo4aabi 4JB aaci* it se 



CiABBUAX'h Vh UAJOfi A9IM, B^ AOPtlRIk B Bl» RCnAHin. 43 

Ha KypiajbBovB. nabiici DarpiapxiB KoHCTaaf HaoaojbGRoft XIV b 
XV B. BbiBtiBHaa Moj^aBiA aasuBajacb Pocco-^-ioariieA (3an. Feorp. 
06ui. I, c. 172). Jl^yromb me oKOH^aTejbBo yAOCTQfAfnevh Bsch 

Wh TOITB, ^T0 iiblBtulBfla M0J4dBifl AO DOJOBBQ^I XIV B« 6bua 8a- 

cueoa PyccRBMB, ROTopbie 0TTy4a 6bua BbiTicBesbi (ROfte^Ho Be 
Bct) BajaxaiiR : veteribus dominis H ^oloni$ BulhmiSf primuni aubr 
dole, deinde abuodaole in dies multiludiDe^per violeDtiam expulsis, 
illam occuparuDt, in Butbenornniqiie ritus et mores, quo facilior 
proreniret occupalio. a propriis degenerantes , transmigrarunt. 
(Aiyr. Hist. Pol. IX). 



I 
/ 



VI* Bbime Mb] npHDiJB r'b Beo6xo4BMocTB 4onycTBTb Be- 
npepbiBHocTb EojEapcRRXT* nocejeHifi sii Majio& Asia ch VII a. 40 
BacToamaro apeaieHH BRjiioiHTejibHo. 

npB3BaBaa BMicrb Ch-vhwh 4aBBBinBK)io oduiapaocTb noceje- 

Blfi PyCCRBX-b Bl» 06jiaCTflXl> npB-4yBaBCRHXl>, B^T-b BBKaROtt B03- 

HosKBOCTB yTBep»c4aTb , <iTo DcpBoe PyccRoe Doceaeaie bi> Ma^oii 
Aaia oeBoaaBO 6hMo HeRpacoBiiaiiB bi» XVIII cto4. , b hto pa* 
Blie aroro BpeaieBfl PyccRBx-b nocejeHifi bii MaJoS Aaia BBRor4a 
Be 6biBa40. 

HaopoTBBii, YbMTi 40jte oepe6Bpaemb bv yifb paajB^iBbia 06- 
CTosTejbCTBa, Thwh CBJbB'be y6'feac4aeDibca bi* bo^boS copaBe4-JB- 
boctb b ocBoaaTejibBocTB npe4no4o»ceBifl o tomi>, «ito PyccRie 
nepecejBJiBCb bi» Majyio Aaiio a 40 HeRpacoBueaii. 

BcooMHBM'b o aBaieuia PyccRoB cthxib bi> MoJ4aBiR a Baja* 
lia B 4a»ce bi» Eojrapia 40 XIV 6. (cm. V). Ecjb BbiB'ibuiHie Pyc- 
CRie nocejeaab] aa 6epery MaabaccRaro oaepa aoraa opiB4Ta cii 
deperoB-b ^yaaa wh XIX ctoj., to oti» sero ace Maoroqacjeaabia 
PyccRia aocejeaifl aa 6eperaxi> ^yaaa 40 XIV a. r ooaace ae 
HorjH BbicbuaTb B3% cpe4bi CBoeS BocejeaaeBit bi Majyio Aaiio, 
r4'b yace ci» VII b. BaopaM. aca^a bxi> conjeMeaaaRa a e4Bao- 



MtponpiflTUy <iTo B B-b oTHOuieBia Fpeaia ajh yMCTBeaaaro ■ jarepaTjrpaaro cOja- 
Keaifl aamero ch MojAaMuaMB a Bajaxaiui, cyAi>6u Koropuxi jxe Mi4peB4e rteao 
CMaaaid 6iiMb cb cyAbOaaa PyccKBii>, QoaaKOB-b, Boarapii a Cep6orb. (Cm. aaace 
vk «npBjoa(eBiax.iii»). 



44 B. n. JAMAHCKAro« 

Bbpiibi Bojirapbi, cb ROTopbiMa Pycb Haxo4iiwiacb s'b cuomeuiai'b 
6e3npepbiBHbix'b a caMbix'b ^pyHcecxBeHBbix'b ? 

HsBibcTBbl rb OrpOMHblH BIOpCRifl CB^bl KoaaROB^, ROTOpblfl 

OHR pa^BepRyJa B'b HepHOMX uopi B-b XVII a 4aHce b^ XVI BtRi. 
HaTRe B'b npBM'b<iaHiB y ueuB npBBe4eBbi caoBa coBpeMeBBBROBi*, 
ACBO cBa4tTe^bCTByiomiii o Tou-b Bne«iaTJ'bBiB,*ROTopoe npoasBo- 
4BwiB dTB KoaauRie 00104^1 ae TOJbRo na TypoRi>, bo a Boo6ine 
Ba Bci}xi> Eepoae&iieB'b. Eme B'b 1590 r. KoaaRB paaopAJa a 
Hcr^a Tpaaeayarb, CaBon'b a yx-h oKpecTBocTa, MBjb na 4ecaTb. 
BcflOMaaiii> o 3atophib a 4pyrax'b CjaBiiBCRax'b aaaBaaiax'b uicT- , 
Bocrett oRo^o JpaaeayaTa a CaboBa, cBa4'itTejbCTByiomaX'b o 6biT- 
BocTB BtKor4a Bi> arax'b utcTa\i> nocejieBiil C.iaB8BCRBXi>. MacT- 
RbiA Bana4eHifl Ko3aROBi» aa ara MtcTBocTB a ax'b y4a<ia e4Ba jb 
oS-bucaanbi. 04B010 ax'b y4ajbio a OTBaroB ^ c^a6ocTbK) TypoRii. 

E4Ba JB Be 40JHCB0 Bpe4B0J0HCBTb, «ITO OBB BCTptiaJB OOMOUlb 

B no44epHCRy aocTOflBByio B'b Tyaenabix-b 3KBTe4flX'b« ROTopue 

HkWh BOpOBBJia, RaR^ CBOBMX 3eilvlHRaMl> BJB BO RpafiBOCTB e4aBo- 

njeMeHHRRaM-b? * 



1. BosBOjiD ce6i npHBecTH cji4yiomee iitCTO h31i TypeiiKaro acTOpHRa Haaau 
d«eB4ifl, DO nepeB04y n* C CaaejbeBa Myr. HyM. CXLVUI ■ cj. vHanaAeaie Kosa- 
KOBii aa Coaooii, wh 1023 r. B'b ate. pe4«efit (wh asr. 1614 r.) Kaaamia ^latea au- 
mjH wh Hepaoe Mope, paarpafiaaa caepaa, oo o6uKHoaeui», Aepeaaa, jesaiaia aa 
6eperaxi> TyaA (^yaaa) a npa aopi. Baaa-b npo^odnuKOMH ee6ib pat^on-omcmynHH' 
KQetf OHU npuemcMu xa AHamoMucHOMy 6epny Hepnaw MopRy MueganHo nanojiH ho 
Hptbnocmb CicNons, npoaueaeMyn FopodoMh JtoSoeHUHom, h oexadibAU am. Bcmy- 
nicaa aa 9my dpeawoio Mpibnoema, onu yMepmeuAu an neu acibdpv npoaoaibpNbuns (a 
paaat 6uja a-b aeit a aenpaaorbpaue?), atpadujiu uxn dojcbt, yeeAu otcenn u done- 
peiiy n aaoicetum eo ecibxn jroMuoaa, odpamujiu amofita npexpacHttiu topodn n ny- 
embuuo, Ooaa ae aoopyatajacb npoTaai* Baxi*, oaa ycn'bja yaecra ai* dojobi* seal 
a Aonepeiky a paacbajacb oo aopn. B'b arax-b o^CToafeibCTaax-b, UleRmeaB HApa- 
raa-b llama, yaaaa'b o ax'b aatftrb, aa mecTaAecaTB aejaax-b cy^axi* ornpaaajca ajb 
aanuiTbi 6eperoBii lepaoaopcRax'b. Bonie4'b a-b p^Ky, qepea'b ROTopyio Aojacau 6bija 
oepeopaa«iaTbca ara co6aRa, oa'b ocrajca cTopoacarb nnH bo apoKjaxbie, npoaitAaa'b 
otf-b aroa-b, vh o^aoa'b a-bcT^ aa 6epery 4epBaro aopa coou jb , nocTaaaja cy^aa 
caoa aa caaxa (Ruaaa'b) a asAyaaja CTamaTb bxt* do cyin'fe ao aepmaBu p'bRa. Ho 
loallKa Tarap'b aanaja aa aax'b; aaaa^jocb cpaaceaie; aaliBifl a reaeficTaa, do- 
xaaieaaua aa'b CaHooa, 6biJB ocTaajeau aa a'fecrb; aai* RoaaRon'b ace, rto Aocrajra 
B'b oj'feB'b, a KTO oorafi'b B'b 6BTB'b. B^paraa-b ITaiua Depea-baRji* aapmpyrb a aa- 
6jR>Aaj'b, TA'b BfciiiAyT-b octbtkb paa6oiiBBRoa'b. Oa'b oomej-b npoTRB-b rtx'b, koto- 



CJABflBAX'b B^ MAMA A3IH, Bl* A<»PHK« B Bl» HCUAHIH. 4& 

Erne Bi» aaqaj'b XVII ctoji. BHii3i>A rpyaaBCRie caocBJBCb no- 

€TOaBBO Ch KosaRaMB SaOOpOHCCRBMB , 4apBJB B HCaaOBaJB BXly 

a T& Bi» CBOio 04epe4b aauiBmajB a 6yRCHpoBaJiB ToproBbia cy4a 
rpydBBCRia^ naaBaBDiia bi> HepuoMi* Mopt \. He ToabRo (JL03aRB» 
BO B caMa MocRBa aocTOflBBO cuocHjacb cb Tpydieio bi* XVII b 
XVI CTOJ. ORoabBBHie ByTypjiBB-b a lIjemeeB'B ci» 6o4baiBM'b Bofi- 
CKOMi> npoBBRJB Bi» ^arecTdB'b , aaaajB TapRB a Ba3Ba.iB ero 
HoebiMb wpodoM^; ocBOBajia RptnocTb a.aa Tya^yRt. Hasiimaa o 
CBOBxii ycB'ibxax'B, BoeB04bi Bauia nacajB wh MocRBy a rii uapfio 



pue aaMrjB uevBy u as-h oaxi* raive kto nonaji vh njiai, a rto 6uji> yfivri. 
Bi>. Depaux-b Auaxit paHasana (bi> okt. 1614 r.^ H6parHM0Bbi bohhu npaaejH k-b Ho* 

porj 20 HeJOB^Rl) Ka«HpOBl»-K03aKOBl» CKOBaHHMMBA. 34'bCb HeBOJfcHO pO»4aiOTCJi 

Benpocu — KTO 6ujim bth pa6u-0TCTyDHBKH, aaaTue KoaaRanH iis'b 4epeBBH 
npH-4yBaftcR0ll? KoeeHBO Boarapu, ecjH ae PyccRie nocejeaiiu, bo BcaRom* ojy- 
qa^ Cjaafloe, a ae Tarapu, soTopue rose atajH Tor4a vh 6y4KaKt (Bonjaai* — bi 
Pycuc. nepea. C 83 ■ cj.). K'b "lOMy me RoaaRa 6paja 6bi BGer4a 8thx% patfoaii- 
OTcryDaaRoai nepe^ib dozoaomi cbobmi aa 6epera AaaitMittcRie, ecja 6ju h Taii% 
Toate ae 6ujo aeHJAR0Bi» bxi*, cb ROTopuMe oaa bm^b nocToaaaua cBjiaB, aoAO&- 
Bua rfeMii, 4TO cymecTByH>rb y PyccRBxi KOJoaiil 4yBai&CR0tt a MaabaccRoli ; M'bcr- 
BOCTb 3aropa, ^rb no4Jt CBaooa, iiorja 6uTb aacejeaa CjaBaaaMB eme a-b XVII ■ 
4a»e rh XVI b. Ha-b DpaaeAeaaaro irbcTa TaR»e bb^bo, ^o TypKB Toace a-b cbow 
oiepe^b ae ApeHajra a Roaaaaifb rpyAao 6biJO cnpaajaTbca OAaaifb, Ceai noco6ia 
CO cTopoBbi atROTopbirb ryaeMaea'b , ROTopue vbpojnao creperoB urh jioakb, na- 
BtmajH o npaOjaxeaia TypoRi*, cRpuaaja ax.'b, a np. 

1. Cm* BBxe B-b npajf^ TaRxe cxb4yH>mia cjoaa Berpa 4e ja Bajue: ctlea Co- 
laqoea de Pologne continaaieot lear oayigation aur lea riW^res de la G6orgie, et 
entreteoaient one 6troUe alliaace atec les G6orgieas». (Lea Fameux Voyages de Pie- 
tro delta Valle Gentil-homme Romain, aurnomme rillustre Toyageur.... Paria* 
MDCLXir. Ill, 193). Taaii are: ffdepuis peu le roi de Pologne avait en?oy6 deax ou 
Irois Taiaaeaux charges de pr^sens ao prince Teimuraz/ qui etait Toisin de Gurieb. 
A aa crp. i.92 (ibid.) «Gariel est plus meridional, proche de Cogne et de Tr^bisonde, 
qni appartienoent ao Turca> Ibid. p. 167 : oles' lettres da Persan 6taient fort aTanta- 
geoaea anx Polaqoea, qai s'offrait de bAtir k ses d^peos uue forteresse sur quelqae 
port de la mer Noire, i rembouchure d'une' rifi^re du pays des G^orgiena Toisin de 
Trebisoode, qui eat ce qa'il nomme Gnrielf et qui fait une partie du Royaume de 
Colekoi. Et le roi de Perse ne a'offrait pas seulement k hktir cette forteresse i ses 
d^na, et A la mettre paia apr^ entre les mains des Cosaques, sous I'aotorite do roi 
de Pologoe; maia encore il a'offrait k la garder arec ses gens poor demeurer toujours 
daoa rob^isaance dea Polaqoea, de crainte que les Cosaques ne Tinasent A a'6tablir 
dana eea proTineea, et k faire quelque progr^s contre les Turcsn. , 



46 B. B. JAIIAHCRAro^ 

rpy3iiHCR0iiy, osKRjiafl ero eottcKa no RpafiHeS Irb^l frB BecH'6, 
qTo6bi o«iBctHTb Bct lopu OTb HeDpiiiTejfl, cosepineHHO 0Bjia4'bTb 
^arectaeoH'b u 6e3DpenBTCTBeHBo cTpoan wh nem-h bobuh xpt- 
aocTfl \ Ho HeciacTeaa nGejib FpyaBHCRaroiiapa A^ei£caB4pa 
Bulaa caubift BeSaaroapiflTHbiB aar Hacb bcxoa'b bi> 4takx'b 
KaBRa3CRfl\i>. 

B% 1593 r. nocjiauBBRy Hameiiy ABopaBBuy HamORBBy wh 
KoBCTaBTBBonoat, aaaupb roBopBai> He»c4y Dpo«itfMi», 4to Cya-* 
Taaik aanpexBT'b Xaay KpbiHCRouy 6e3noRotiiTb Pocciio, «6yjie 
Uapb CBe4eTi> ci» 4ouy KoaaROB'b gbobx'b h paapymiiT'b nerbipe 
BOBbifl Rp'ibaocTB, ocROBaBBbiB BHii HB 6eperax'b ceft ptRB B Te- 
peRa, <iTo6bi Dpeq>a4BTb nawh (TypRaM'b) dyTb R-b 4ep6eBty». Ha 
yBipeaia HamoRBaa B'b 6jaropacDOJo»ceuiB 4Bopa MocROBCRaro 
R'b IIopT'b, BB3upb B03pa3Ba'b: ((Bbi MBpojiofiBBbi; BO 4Jfl ^ero 
me BcxynaeTe bt> TtcByio cBa3b ch Haepieio, aoABJiacTBOio Cyj* 
Taay?!) Ha 3to HamoRBB'b vb cboio o4epe4b oxB'b'iaji'b t ^^'^o CBasb 
uBma cb Fpydieio coctobti» B'b e4BtioBipifl , a «o kbi nocutaaeirb 
'i^4a ae BoficRO, a CBBuieaBBROBi», a 403B04fleM'b ea acBTejHVb 
'fcd4BTb B'b Pocciio 4^a ToproBjiB» '• Eme Bi> 1492 r, npi'bsacajifl 
Bi> MocRBy DOCJbi rpy3BacRie crh opocbfioio Uapio o ooRpoBB- 
Te4bCTBt ^. BcaoMBBMi 6paRB Haacjaaa McTBC4aBB«ia ^ aceaaTaro 
{vh 1 154 r.) Ba 04B0& RaaacB'ib b3i» A6xa3iB, vAb eme bi^ VI b. 
6bi4B xpacTiaBCRia UepRaa \ b cbiaa AB4pea BorojiuScRaro, 
Kflaaa Feoprifl, aceaaTaro (noc^t 1175 r.) aa 3aaHeaBT0& Fpy* 
3BBCRofi UapeBB'b Tauapt ^. IIoHaBTb Bcb btb o6cToaTeJi>CTBa 
aeo6xo4BMo apa plmeaifl Boapoca cTeaeaa 40CTyaB0CXB Hajofi 
Aaia air PyccRaxi* B'b paaabiB BpeMeaa. Taa'b RaR'b ayTb bi> aee 

OTRpblBBJCA BMli BB TOJbRO ^epCB'b 4epB0e MOpe, BO B MOpeSli' 

ApMeaiio, to bobcb ae jamaBM'b 6y4erb pacopocTpaaaTbca at*- 



1. Kapaiia. H. F. P. (fl34. Cmbp4. 18|S3}. XI, tt9 ■ cji. 

2. Kap. H. r. P. IX, 102. Cm. Tairb ace c 59 b cd, Ceom. ci Typnlen ^a-b 
1586 r. 

3. Ibid. VI, 232. 

4. Ibid. II, np. 354. Cm. P. jl. I, 146. nocaa Haacjaaii cuea caoero, aropoe, 
nporaay Maneci caoeil, 61 60 aoaeJi> aceay co6i Haii 06e3%, ■ ycrptre ■> Mcth* 
caaa-b a% nopoalm. 

5. Kap. H. r. P. Ill, 143, 



O CJABflHAXl» Wb HAJOM A31B, Wh A«l»PHR1i H Bl> HCnAHIH. 47 

cKojbRo aMROHCTBt PyccKiiti* ci» cTpaHattB KacoiScRiiMB R Kae- 
R«3CRBMH u yRddaTb Ha H'feROTopbin o6cToiiTejbCTaa euy 6jaro« 
npinTCTBOBaBfiiifl. £me bi» X b. rpa6BjB Pyccbi trh KacniicROM'b 
Mopi; B3BtcTBb] 4Ba BXi> ooxoAa B-b 914 fl Bii 944 r. CBaToc^aB'b 
wh 965 r. 040Jiikj% KoaapoB'b^ B3a^t> BX'b ropoAi) B'bjyio Mxcy; 
noCiABjn* flcoBi> b KacoroBT>. Bi> 968 r. Pyccbi^ do CBB4'ibTejb- 
CTBy I16ai> - XayRdja , paapyuiBJn ropo4'b Eojrapi>, Xa3epaui>» 
HTBJb B CeMeu4ep'b \ AlcTflcjaBi>, Knaab TMyTapaRdflCRitt , ^-b 
1022 r. xo4B4i> ua KacoroBi>, 040J'fe4'b b\i> cudibaaro KaaaB 
Pe4e4io, DpoHBKT> Bi* ero seMJiio, 0Bja4'bJi> ero BUym^CTBOM'b, 
BceHOH) B 4isTbMti fl Ro3jioHCBJi> 4aHb Ra KacoroBi>. Bl» C.'lt4yi0^ 
meMi> r04y ohi B4erb aa KieBi> npoTBBi> flpociaaBa ch Koaapana 
fl cb KacoraMB. He4aBao oTbicRaaaoe r. XaHbiRoBbini* utCTo bt* 
o4Boii'i> IIep€B4CRou'b Doarb XII B^. cBB4'ikTejb€TByerb o 00x04*6 
PyccRBX'b Bi* UteMaxy iieaK4y 1133 — tl9f5 r. y3Ke 6bU*o yoo- 
vaayTo o dpaR'b FeopriA AH4peeBB«ia cb rpyaaBCROH) napeBHoio 
TaMaporo, noc^t 1175 r. HaatcTHo, mo PyccRio cjysKB^B vrb 
Bo8cRaxi» MoHroaoB'b, 6y4y^B bi> ccaeBp^'b TaTapcRofin, a bi* 
1277 r. RBa3bfl aamfl — * Bopacb PocTOBCRiii, Fjidii E'bjoaep* 
cKifi, 6eo4op'b flpocjaacRifi a AB4pe& ropo4eUKiB, cbiaiJHleB- 
CRaro, xo4BaB BoiiaoM> Ha ficos-b b aaBoesajiB ropo4'b ^e4aR0B'b 
B-b iOHCHoii'b ^arecTaa'b. Ho noMBMo caomeaifi Bpa»c4e6Bb]xi» ■ 
uenpiaaaeaabix'b, bi» to me apeBia ci> aTBMB crpaaaMB BM'fcjB Pyc-- 
cRie a 6e3apepbiBBb]fl cBaaa, napabiji b ToproBbia. Eme bii X a 
XI B. Be^ifl PyccRie aaaHBTe^bayio ToproBJio cb Koaapaua b Bo4hc- 
CRBMB liyjrapaMB; bi* XllI b. bi» cTo^aui ooc^'ik4BBXi> aocToaaao 
kbjh ToproBUbi PyccRie b, RaRi» uoacao nojiataTb, ae B-b Ma.ioH'b 

KOJBneCTB'b ^* 



1. Fraeha-Ibn-Foszl. S. 64. 8311^4367% upo CeMesAepii : vzwischen Itil u. Der- 
bend gelegenv. 

2. hjt 1024 r. u&h uatem'h aejinrb b roAOXh no eceil roil crpauli; H4onia no 
Boj3^ BCH Ji04be Bi Bojrapu, h npHeeaouia »hto h TaKO oxBoiaD. P. J. I, 64. Cm. 
TBH'b ate o mjH. ce. AapaaMi-b bi aenjt BojriipcKoli, 1 anp. 1230 r. nycbneHii 6ucTb 
vbc. anp^ii Bib 1 ^eab, ero xe Pycb zpecTbaee BaeMtne rbjo nojoatfima 9% rpo6'fe, 
■4t«e ecu xpeembMHe Aeotcamb. u cmeopu Botz MUAocmb ecKoprt, sa Kpoeb etOj n^ 
topib y neto SoMtuaH noAosutta to|#«4f BeAUKOio, a n»tnoMh oefnamucM nactM aa- 
topataemeH dtwMZ deoJicdM m mpuaicdu; manojice u (Sviemb fM Mnaw dim^ moao 



48 B. H. ^AMAHCKArO, 

3uaHeBBTbifi Apa6cRifi DyTeinecTBeBiiBin> XIV b., b^ nepBott 
DOJOBBBii cTOjixiA Doc&TBBinifi cTOjiBuy XaBOBii Capaii, Tairb 
Me»c4y npoHBM'b roBoparB o ea aBaieaia b aace jeaia : «Ser& est ao 
nooibre des villes les plus belles, et sa grandeur est tres coosidi- 
rable; elle est situto dans uue plaine et regorge d'babitaots; elle 
possede de beaux marches et de vastes rues. Nous moDt&mes un 
jour a cheval, eo compagoie duo des priocipaux habitantSt afin de 
faire ie tour de la ville et d'en counaltre I'^tendue. Notre demeure 
^tait a Tune de ses extr^mit^s. Nous partinies de graod-matin, et 
nous D'arrivAmes a I'autre extr^miti qu'apris Theure de midi. 
Alors nous fimes la priere et primes notre repas. Enfin nous n'at- 
leigolmes notre demeure qu'au coucher du soleil. Nous travers&mes 
aussi une fois la ville en largeur, aller et retour, dans I'espace d'une 
demi journ^. II faut observer que les maisons y sont eontigues les 
unes aux autres, ei qu'il n'y a ni ruines ni jardins. 11 s'y trouve 
^ treize mosqu^es principales pour faire la priere du vendredi; Tune 
de celles-ci appartient aux chAfeites. Quant aux autres mosqu^es, 
elles sont en tres-grand nombre. Ser& est habits par des indiyidus 
de plusieurs nations, parmi lesquels on distingue: 1) les Mongols; 
qui sont les indigenes et les'maltres du pays; une partie professe 
la religion musulmane; 2) les Ass (Oss^tes), qui sont musulmans; 
3) les Kifdjaks; 4) k$ Tcherkesses; 5) les Russes; 6) ks Greets et tons 
ceux ci sont Chretiens. Chaque nation faabite un quartier separ^, 
ou elle a ses marches. Les n^gociants et les etrangers , originaires 
de deux IrAks, de TEgypte, de la Syrie, etc. babitent un quartier qui 
est entour6 dun mur, afin de preserver les ricbesses de marchands» \ 
B'b 40 ro^ax'B XIII b. IIjiaBo Kapnaaa 6bixB y BaTuii aa 
6eperaxi> Bojra a y FaioRa b-b CpeAaefi Aaia; y nepBaro/uo ero 
cjoaaafb, boScro coctobjo aa^ 600,000 ^ejoB^Ri}, aa^ bbx'b 150 
Tbic. 6buo TaTap-b, a 450 tuc* aaonjeMeaBBROB^, XpacTiaai* a 
Apyrax-b no44aBBbix'b. lAz-h aamax-b jiTonacefi Baa-b asBtcTBO, 

STO M0Br04bI yB04BJB cV C060IO B'b VLJk^Wh MBOBCeCTBO xcBTaietl, 



ociiKMA topodo, a 6C€ naiopib, u moeapa nofpn mhqok^vmo (k3HueMHo, $a jqpoe» 
MffK$HUKa Xp«Cfro«a». 

1. Toyaget d'lbn-Batoatah, tezte arabe, |ccompagQ6 d*UDe traduction par C. De- 
fr^merj et le Dr. B. R. SanguioetU. Paris. MDGCCLIT. II, 447—448. 



CdlABflUAXli Wh MAJOfi A3IB, rb AiPPIIK'B H Bl> HCIIAHIH. 49 

a n.iaHO KapnRBM, ooBCbiBaii ceofi nyrb ot^ Bja4HMipa Bojbin- 
CRaro 40 KieBa, roBopoTii: «S(BTejie& Be34'Is Majio, ohb RCTpe6je- 
Hbi HoarojiaiiB bjb 0TBe4eH5i bmb bii n^iuiii). y FaiORa bi> CTau'b 
BCTp'feTB^'ii Djaao KapouHB 46yx'b cbiaoseS FpyauHCKaro uapn, 
Docaa la^fl^a Bar4a4CKaro b nHorBX'b 4pyrBX'b oocjos'b Capa- 
afajucKBXi>, BCTp'feTBj'b B RUASii PyccKaro flpocjasa , ROTOpOHy 
Be34t 4aBa4B nepBoe iitcTO. XpHCTiaee, cocToaiiioie ua cjyHf6t y 
raiOKa« roBopBJB KapnaHB, mo PaioKh 4yMdeT'b caMi> opHHarb 
xpBCTiaecTBo, «4ep3KBTib y ce6a xpacTiaHCKHX'b CBameiiuBKosb u 
403B04AerB iikWh Bceaapo^Bo nepe4'b cBonu'b oiaTpoHi* ornpaB^iiTb 
BoBcecTBeiiHyio cjy»{6y no o6pfl4aM'b FpeqecKoH UepKBiin. StutI) 
ace oyTeinecTBeHUBK'b crh opBSBaTejbHocTbio BcnoMUHaeTb 06% 

O4H0Ml» 4o6pOill> PyCCROMlk «ieJIOBiK,'fc , ROTOpblfi BecbMa MHoro 

eiiy ootforai'b, Kor4a OB'b ByB€4a^€A bi> caMOMv Heo6xo4BiioMi>. 
droT-b PyccKiB, Buenewh Komi», 6hiJi'h BCRycHbiii xy40HciiBR^ b 
jiO<>BMeiii» raioKOBi». <Oui» C4'64awi'b, — roBopiiTi> EfjaHo-Kap- 
auHiit — De*iaTb 44A Xasa b Tpofli> ndrh cjohoboh roctb, yRpa- 
meBBuH 3040TOMI1 B 4paroa'kBHbiMB RanHflMn cii pasHbiMR uao- 
6paaceBiiiMB, a ci y40B0JbCTBieBi'L noKasbisaji^ aaM-b cboh) paSorys. 
Oepe4'b BCTynjeaieMi* B'b oeperoBopbi ci» D^iaao Kapnaaa FaiOR-b 
opBKaaaji cnpocaTi^ y aero, ecTb jb y nanbi jIK)4u, SHaiouue 
aabm TarapcRiii, PyechiU a^n Apa6cRia. 3aa«iHT'b P)ccKaxT> ae 
Majio 6bi40 npa Moarojax-b. H 4feBcTBBTejbao: bi> 1253 r. 6biJ'b 
BTb 0p4't noc4aaBBRi» •Iio40BaRa IX. Py6pyRBHci> a Hamej-b npa 
ilBop'fc xaacROM'b PyccRaxi* apxareRTOpa a 4baRoaa, a B'b craa-fc 
Eaibia, KO^eBBBniaro sa Bojr'fe, a bi* ero ORpecTHocraxb oai* ace 
paA'fciA'b MBOHcecTBO PyccRax'b, Bearpoaii a flcoB'b, RoTopbie ckb- 
Taaacb bi» cTenaxii a rpada^a nyTeuiecTBeaaaROB-b. B'b 1265 r. 
oTspbiTa 6biJia Capa&CRaa enapxin, a B'b ISOlr. BTopoh ea eaa- 
CROD'b OeoraocT'b yace o6pauiajiCA r^ Darpiapxy ch Boapocouii 
Rpeuieaia TaTap'b. <(npaxo4fliuay'b oti> TaTapi> b xomntnuMb Kpe- 
cmumif cii. • • .» Maoro cTpa4aa a repna OT-b MoarojoB-b, PyccRie 
paao 04aaR0 ea^iaja autTb aa aaxi* caoe Bjiaaie. DjeMflaaaK'b 
Bepraa, npeeuaaRa BaTbieaa, anpeaaqb neTpi» raiiao 6i3Kaji'b 

B31b 0p4bl B'b P0CT0B1> « RpeCTB JCfl , UOClfOHA'h MOBBCTbipb OpB 

Cb. nraaTia PocTOBCROM-b^ BCTyyaj'b B'b 6paR'b b oB40BikB'fc, cRoa- 
"lajca Bib aaoqecTBt or. 1290 r. BacRaRx Both RpecTaaca bi» 

JH, SAR. — CJI. 4 ^ 



50 ^J^. jAMAiiriRAro, 

ycTforb Bi* 1262 r. BoRopt norj'ft 1279 r^. icHfl3b Bpo.iopi» flpo- 
cjianciciB HceHRjcfl bi> 0p4'b na Ao^epn xana MeHry-TenHpa , a 
KH«3i> rj'fe6'b PocTOBCKifi eme bt> 1 257 r. na 4oqepii xaua Xy6ii- 
.lafl, KOTopbifi caHi> dbiji'b xpiirTiaHiiHOMi>. Bii 1 302 r. 4Ba Rpiigii 
PocTOBeRHXi> , a Bi» 1305 r. Rnaab KocTpoMCRiii meHHJRCb TaK»ce 
B-b Opiti. CbiBi> RHiiafl RaxMeTa npn^bij-b iia^ Op^bi b'b Heniepy 
wh 1298 r., RpecTHJCfl caai'B h yB^eRi) aa co6oio MHorfiii>TaTapi>« 
Po40ua"iajibHiiRi> FoiiyHOBa -V^wie ch R-fccRo^bRRifB MypaaiiH Bbit- 
xajii> 99i> Opjbi Ri> HBany KajiHTi b RpecTifjicA. 49a cbitia taHa 
Kyjibflhi, y6nTbie BMicrb ch oTUOM'b B'b 1359 r., 6bUH ro^Ke 
iKpRCTiaHe. Monrojbi, rpa6fl r paaaopiifl Pyrb, rfcM'b ae ireaie 
oTRpbiTo coaRBBajR ifpaftCTBeRHoe ^QR npeB0CY04CTB0 Ha^ii C06010; 
TaRi* xaHi» nncaji'b ae^HROMy RHaaK) o CBHTRTe^t AjeRrii>: riMbi 
cjbimajiiiv >iTo He6o hr bi» «ieiii> He oTRaabisaerb iiojihtb1» rjiaB- 
Raro nona aamero: 4a RcnpocRTb »cr ohi> 34paBie iioefi HceBii^. 
ripR cBRTRTej'bt Bcu'fe^RBnieii'b Taii4y.iY« MHoro anaiieHRTbixi* 
Mypa'b, BbitiaBii rb Poccik), qprbrjh ipHCTiancTBo. Henero r 
roBopRTb o BjiRHiR PyccRRxii Ha TaTapii bo Bpen^aa noa4Htfiiuiii, 
oco6eHHo nocji KyjRHOBCRoii 6RTBbi, Ror4a Pycb aepenija y;Ke 
B'b 4BR»<eHie HacTyaaTeJbH06« 

Bi> XIV B. BOJbHRua HoBropo4rRaB He pa3i» paary^HBa-ia bhr3i» 
no Bajrli* coycKajacb h bii Kaaiy; TaKii HoBropo4CKiii Ji-kj. no4i> 
1366 r. aanRcaJTb: «%04R^b H3'b HoBropo4a Ji04R M0Ji04bie h« 
Bojry 6e36 Homopodrnato cjioaan t, e. 6e3i» cnpocy rocno4Hua Be J. 
HoBropo4a; <a BoeB040io — npo404H€aeT'B OH'b — Ecnnii Bape^- 
jioMeeBR<ib « BacHJi^ 6eo4opoRRqb « AjieKca^4p'^ 06aRy«o.BH^^: 
mowHTb jfbma nptudnma ecu sdpaw m tloetopod^^. TpoRaRaa JiiiT, 
roBopRTb 061* aroMb H'bcKo^bKO no4po.6Hte: aUpoH4onia (Ipj^roii 
R3i» HoBropo4a aa'b BejiRKaro 150 yuiRyeB%, HoBropo4DR pa36o&- 
HHUR yuiKyttHBun, R36Rnia Tarap'b nuoRcecTBO, BecepveB-b h Opr 
MeHii B'b HoBtropo4'i3 bi» HRXCHeai'b, Hcea'b b 4tTeil, roBap-b rxii 
norpa6HUia, a ci>cy4bi bxi>, Rep6aTH r Jio/kw R yiajRbi ^ iiaCycu 
R crpyrR, to ace noctRooia, a caMH OThBAom^ B'b ^i^iiy, b npou* 
40uia 40 Bojrap'b, raRoafe TBopaine a B0K)k)me». 

Eme paHte, BNeaao b^ 1 360 r. xo4H4h HuBrop.04C9^ paa^ioii- 
brrr hb Bujrapc^ig ropo4'b }RyRorf^Hii, ^to en^HJrh 64Hn ycTbii 
Kaif bi, Bi> •/laRiDeacKOM'b yi34'fe — «h MHoacecTap Tajap^ i^o^uiaa, 



O GJABIIHAX^ B'h MAJOfi A3IU, Bl> A4>FAK'fi H Bl> UCnAlllH. 51 

H ooraxctBo nx-h B^Aiua, n aa to ipncTiaHe norpa6jeuii 6biina Bb 
Bojrap'bxi* oti> TaTap-ht* (Hhk. •!.)• 

Ot'B BTopoii no^oBHHbi XIV a. Haffeeifb MaafecTiH « o 4pyriflxi> 
ao4o6Hbix'b inajocTax'L HoBropo4CRiiX'b MoJiodbtxb ModeU^ yuiK^ii- 
HnKOBi». Bik 70 roAaxii ouh Heo4HOKpATHo paaryjHBa^H no Bojri, 
Kau-fc B BflTR-fe. TaKT> bi> 1 37 1 r. ohu 06^a4t jh KocrpoMOB m 
flpocjaBJeMit, a rb 1375 r. bi> HBCA'b Asyxi* Tucasb no40ui.iH k'b 
KocTpoiitf paadnjii Bb]ine4inBX'b npoTHBi* bbxi> 5 TbicflHi> aoopy- 

HCeRHblX-b KoCTpOMHSeH, OBAaA'ii'A^ rop040M'b a 6e3<iHHCTBOBawlB 

BTb BeM'b a-kiyio He4'fc4io; orpa6BJB RyQe4ecKifl jaaKB, noaouB^H 
MHorBx-b MCHTeaefi B, aoRB4aBi> Bi) Bojry, qero Be Mor^B aaarb 
c'b co6oiOy nycTB^BCb Ri* HBSKueMy, aaxBaTBJB b ranfb MHorBxx 

PyCCRBX^ B Up04aJB BX'b Bl> BeBO^IO B0CT0<]Bblill> RyOUaMl* B'b 

Bojrapax'b. PaadapaeMbie oxoTofi CB4bi-y4ajiB nooTB'lb4aTb, 6ora- 
TbipcRBXii Owie^ib DopacnpaBBTb, OBB nomjiB 43^*^6 BBB3'b DO Bojrk, 
RTft Capaio, ecrocTB xpacTiaacRia rpa6a«ie B 6iiomei>« 4ouiaR 6e3- 
npennTCTBeHHO 40 caaiofi AcrpaxaBB (XaaHTopoKaflfl), r4'k 6o.ibuiafl 
lacTb BX'b aorB6jia« a to bi» cai4CTBie XBTpoGTB Tauoaiaai o Runaa 
MonrojibCRaro Caub«iefl. Bi> 1379 r. no4o6Baa »ce uiaiiRa paadoii- 
HBR0Bi» 6bija BCTpe6jeBa BaTiaaauB 6jb3i> Kaaaaa. 

Mbi p'fcniB^BCb aanoMBBTb qBTaTewiio stb Bctuii aaBicTBbie 

^aiCTbl, e4BBCTBeBB0 C'b TOH) IckllK) , <lT06bI BOKasaTb , ITO Bb 

XIV B. Bojira 6bija ooitb coaepmeaflo bt> pyRax'b PycCRax'b, mh 
ROTopbiXTi 04HB BenpecTaBBO BjaaajB 00 aek B'b BB4ax'b rpa6e»ca, 
4pyrie, 6o4te necTabie, bo 04yineBafleMbie< ae Meflbiaeio OTBaroii, 
y4ajbfo a npe4npiBM<iBBOCTbio — cb a'fejHMB ToproBbiMB. ^iiii- 
CTBBTejbBo, Raici> Mbi yHce BB4'6jfl9 Rynubi PyccRie npoHcaaajB B'b 
Capa'b, H aaaaiiajB B'b BeM'b oco6biii aaapTa^'b bi> XIV b. To ace 
caMoe, RoaeHBOf 6biJo a B'b XIII b., Ror4a yace cymecTBOBaaa 
CapaacRaa enapxia , Ror4^ aeuaao Tarap-b npnaaja ra. Rpemeaie. 
3BaMeHflTbiS 4^paBiiy3CRifi opieaTaaacT'b KarpMep'b bi> nepe- 
B04t CBoeifb co^aaeaia MaKpnaa ManJiORax'b, B'b 04B0M'b aa'b 
CBOBX'b apau-fc^taBiS, aayMJi atom BX'b rpoMa4Boio aanaTaHBOCTbio a 
yqeaocTbio, 00 noB04y RpaTRaro paacRaaa MaKpaaa o nocojbCTB'fc 
cyjTaaa EraDercRaro Badapa B'b xaay MoarojbcROHy Bepraa) 
«jia BepeRe bi» 1263 r., eodduiaeTi* 66jiiie D04po6Boe otiacaaie 
9Tor£ nocojbCTBa aa 6epera Bojia, aa ocaoBaaia Apa^caax'b na- 



52 B* ■• ^AMABCRArO* 

caxeaett H6Bi>-4epaTa, HoBanpH, npo^o^warejA dAhuanvtBa 
/ipyr. \ nocjauuHRH EmaeTCKie npH6buifl bi» KoBCTaHTHuoDOjb, — 
uo npiiBOHcy cjoea KarpMepa: alls se rendirent a Istambol, el eo- 
suite a Dcksaila (peut-£lre la ville d'Odcssa), qui est le port ou 
viennent aborder les vaisseaux de Soudak. Puis ils se remirent en 
mer, et aborderent sur la c6te opposee, Ce trajet exige ordinaire- 
meat dix jouro^es de navigation; mais quelquefois on le fait eo 
deux jours, lorsque Ton est favorisd par un tres-bon vents. Bi>Cy- 
4aKi OUR BCTplTUwiii HasajbHHRa oRpyra (canton) — aqui les con- 
dnisit a la ville de A^rlm^b&tie a une journ^e des bords de la mer. 



1. HisL del salians Mamloukt, de I'Egyple, 6ciite en Anbe par Taki-Eddin- 
Ahmed -Makriil, trad, en Trancais et accomp. de notes pbiloL, bUtor., g^gr. par M. 
Qoatrem^re. Paris. I, p. 213 etc. Note 96. 

2. FopoAii KpuMii aaiOABJCH Be^ajeao or-b Kaeu, fiuj-b tecbHa HBoroan^eo'b 
■ o6aiapeBii. UdB-b-BaTyra, noctraBuiiii ero aii SO-iii roAn-h XI V atva, rairb ero 
onncuBaerii, Baaueaa ero Kiram (Eski-kirim on SolgbAt) — «Tille grande et belle, 
qui fait partie des Etals du sultan illustre, Mohammed Czbec KbAn; elle a un gooTer- 
neor nomm^ par lui et appell6 Toloctomodr. Nous aTions M accompagnes pendant 
le TOjage par un des serTiteurs de cet 6mir. Cette homme ayant annonc^ k son m'*ttre 
notre arriT^e, celuici m'eoToya uo choTal par son imAm Sadeddin. Nous logeAmes 
dans un ermitage, dont le sup6rieur ^tait ZMeh alkbora^any. Ce cbelikb nous t^ 
moigna de la consideration, nous complimenta sur notre arriT^, et nous traita g6n6- 
reosement. U est fort Y6n6r6 de ces peuples; je ris les habitants de la Title, kAdhis, 
predicateurs, jurisconsultes et autres, Tenir le saluer. Ce cbe'ikh ZAdeh m'apprit qu'nn 
moine chritien habitait un monast^re silu6 hors de la rille, qu'il s y liTrait aux pra* 
tiques de la d6?oUon et Je6nait tr^s fr^quemment; qu*il allait m^me Jnsqu'd jet'mer 
qoaraote jours de suite, apr^s quoi il rompait le jeAne arec une seule fifere; enfin, 
qu*ii d^couTrait clairement les choses caches. Le cbeikb me pria de Taccompagner 
dans une Tisite A ce personnage. Je refusal; mais, dans la suite, Je me repentis de ne 
TaToir pas to, et de ne pas aroir ainsi reconnu la T6rit6 de ce qu'on disait de luia. 
(Voy. d'Ibn-Batoulab, etc. II, 359 — 360). KanqaRB B4h Ku«A»aKB 6ujfl xpacriaae 
Tbkii onacuBaexi* ux-h crenb HOBiBaTyTa, aaauaaa etDeeht Kifdjak: «Cette plaine 
est Terdoyante et fleurie; mais il ne s*y trooTO ni montagne) ni arbre, ni colline, ni- 
pente. II n'y a pas de bois A br6ler, et Ton ni connait point d'autre conbustible que 
la flente d*animaui, laqueUe est appel6e tnee (bouse}. Tu Terrais les principauz d*entre 
les indigenes ramasser ce fumier, et le porter dans les pans de leurs T^tements. On 
ne Toyage pas dans cette plaine sinon sur des chariots. EUe s'etend I'espace de six 
mois de marcbe, dont trois dana les 6tats dn snllan Mohammed Uzbec, et trols dans 
eenx d^autres princes. Le lendemain de notre arriT6e dans ce port on des marcbands, 
DOB compagnons, alia troofer cenz des habitants de cette plaine qui appartiennent 
d la nation eonnuKjous /a nom d» Eifdjak §t qui profeueni la nligUm ehrittinng. 
U looa d'eni on chariot tratn6 par des cheTins. Nona y montAmes* et noua arsirABes 



O CJABIIBA11» rb MAJOfi A9IB, B'b AOPHK'B B Bli BCQAHIB. 53 

et babitee par diverses natioDS de Kaptchaks^ de Russes el d'Alainsit. 
vApres avoir parcouru Tespace de viogt jours, an desert immeDse, 
couvert de teDtes et des troupeaux, ib arrivereDl au fleuve Etil 
(le Volga), sur les bords duquel est la residenee du prioce B^r^keb. 
Cette riviere dont les eaux sont douces, a la mftme largeur que le 
Nil, el I' on y voii coniinuellement naviguer des barques russesii. D^a- 
BaBbe PyccKBX'b c^^oBi* 00 Bojrt , aaM'feieuHoe bii Capa'i or. 
1263 r.. Be MomeTh aacb yAHBJBTb, TaRi» KaRi* mu SHaeM'b, "ito 
PyccRifl Docejeuifl bi> Capa'6 b bii ORpecTBocTHx-b 6bMH cTOJb 
M Horo<iHCjeBHbi , HJO DOTpeCoBBJOCb ocuoBBTb oco6y[0 enapxifo 
CapaBCRyio B'b 1265 r. 

Mhi y6t»CAeub], ito HHTaTejio Re noRaxceTcii Dapa40Rcou'b, 
ecjB Mb] CRaHceMii, HTO neeoAH TamapcKan, Bpe4iiaH 4Jfl PyccRBTCb 
BO iiuorHXi> OTHoiiieuiHXi>, ue cricuHja o^uaRo hxi> MeHc^yunpoA- 
Bbixii CHomeuiii, no RpaiiuocTH cb Aaieio, b jiSiKe pacmmpHja mxi*. 
Mbi nocTyoBjB 6bi cqeepuieHHO aeocTopoHCiio , ecjH 6bi cTajB 
yTBepHC4aTb, ^to ToproBUfl cbbsb PyccRHX-b cb k)/Kiioeo Asieio, 
apoflcxo^HBinia B'b X a 4a»(e IX b., coBepmeaBo npeRparajncb bo 
BpeMeaa nocji^yiouiia. CoBpeMenuaRi>PiopaKa n O.iera, Apa6cRiii 
OHcare^b n^aT>-Xop4arb-Beri>, ysiepuiiH yHce CTapaROM'b Bi>912r. 
B cjyMCHBOiiil noiTMeficTepoM-b a nojaaiSMeficTepoBi'b B'b ;l;Re6a J'b 
(^peBBeil Maaia] , Bor-b <ito Mea^^y nponaM-b nepe^aer-b aaM-b B'b 
GBoeii RifBF'b o crpaaax'b a 4oporaxii: <cPycrRie aa'b ojeMeaa Cja- 
BflBi> BbiBosflTb Bi'bxa 6o6poB'b fl «iepao6ypbix'b jacaub aa-b ca- 
Mbix-b oT^ajeaabix-b Rpaea-b CjaBaacRofi aeuja a npo4aiO'rb ax'b 
Ha 6eperaxi> PyMCRaro Mopa: ryTi* uapb PyMc^Riii 6epeT'b cb aax-b 
4iecaTaay. Kor^a ani* B34yMaeTca, oaa OTopaojaioTcn hq fjiaefUi" 
CKym pfhKy u npirhsotcaiomt e^ sajiuen topoda Xoaapn: ryx'b 4aiOT'b 
OBB AecMTBiiy 'Bja^tTejio btob 3eMja\ SartML obb 'b^yT'b B'b 



i la TiUe de C«f«, graode cit6 qui s'^tend sur le bord de la mer et qui estliabil^ par 
det Chretiens, la plupart G^nois....i» (ibid. p. 356^357). 

1. ^peu-fc, yiaaaa-fc ea cjoaa lidpacu — fiumenRoa (Russiae) Athel (r. e. Boj- 
ra) voeatum^ aaHirnj-b o4HaK0, *ito 1) 84'bcb oo acett atpoaTBOCTu HcnopMee'fc 
TeBCTi>, ■ Hcnpaaaa-fc ero, nponej-b Taaii: «uDd es ist keia Eingang in dieses Meer 
ala TonM — 2) ecwia HApaca a aaaaaj'b Brajb p'bvow PyccKOw, to do oiuatfrb, ca^- 
luaa-b Aoa-h ci> Bairov, Tax'fc Karb aaorie Apa6cKie reorpa^u cvBTaja Aovh pyxa- 
aoH« Bojra. (Iraebn, Ibn-Fossl. Ber. S. 38). BoeToay-To ^pea-b a caaaaa-b, <ito mo- 



54 B. a. .lAMAUCKAro, 

Mop^ ^HCjrp^HcaiiCKoe h lawh npHcraiQTi* k^ AK)6owy 6epery, a 
aro uope b> nonepesHBRli npocTHpaercfl Ha 500 <t>apca\0Bi>. Huo- 
r4a cjysaeTCfl , «ito ohr Be^yTi> cbou Toaapbi b31i A'MypjkmaHa 
Hepeax [16mji. bi. Bar4a4i>». 



la il4pHCH tuBrnAh p^Ka PyccoBiia e4U jh Horyn> cjyvHTb ooATBepxtAeuieM-b 4ora4RB 
BaaMeBHTaro H^MeuRaro opieurajBCTa TanHepa, KOTopuB noAl HMeaeaii Pan (Kopaiia) 
paayM'bu'b npeacde ptay 4|Mure8,:B0 noToirb ue^u^HUdt caoe Huiaie— amais depuia quo 
j*ai trouT^ le P(i>( dans la lisle d68 grands fleures asiatiques dooo^ par Agatbemeroa 
(chap. X), J*ai e(e cooTaiocu que le Rha ou Wolga et le Roi sonl la mdme cboaea (rn. 
Fraelin ib.S.37). ^ CcTb HHliaie, hto Byjra, cjuaymaa h reoepb j MopAau nojn* hhc- 
BeHii Pay, u y aocToqubis-b nHcareaetl no npeuMymecTay Haauaanmaaca UdeAb (t. e. 
pliKa), a y BuutmBHS-b Hyaauieil 4daj6, caoHM-b BasaaBieMi* Pa (Pd y flToaeiiea, 
Rba y AmiiaBa) ■ Poe^ (P^i y AraeeHepa) otfaaaaa eaonini Dpouczo»4eBieiii> m- 
KOMy BB6y4b 4>BBCK0My iMH TiopvcROMy Hap'bqiio. OieBb floxeTb 6wTb, HTO ope4- 
nojoseaie o ^^HBCKOHii hjb TiopRCKOM'b DpoBcaovAeaiH Baaaaaitt Bojni Pa u Poc 
(Po>() CO apeveueMii ■ oapaa^aeTca, a nova uail4j^^Tca bi» ^imcRBXi hjh TfopRCRvaii 
aaptMiHi-b o.)4X04JiutiA BMi cjoaa hjb Kopaa, aecj^Ayen aafiueaTb, mto a'b aaurb 
(^jaaaufROH-b cjobo ptb-Ka BMber'b upa ce6ib KopeBb ptb cx<>4ubiii cb Tpen. $£cd 
Teay, hto a'b TOM-bxe CjaBaacROHii aaurfc Bai04MTca cjoea pyc^o, pyeo^ira (kh- 
juua aoAik), ecTb ■ coCcTaeaaoe pt<iBoe hmr pQCb. r. e PhCb, Cpo. (^w>ibmu — dy- 
dicmfli, dajTHAffiN ~ dyxz u tHitehMb -^ thiteoMh h np. — tfecibda a 6€cada, tptbXb m 
tpaxz^ mpaea a mptb^a, 6n>u\MMl6 a aaiANMK! a op. — 3CejaTeJbBo noslipBTb cjoaa 
Mdpaca — ftumen Ron Athet vocatum. l1dB'b'Xop4aT'b-6erb f-|- 914 r.) aaauaaeT-b 
Bjjry p^Roio Caobjihckoio, a PyccRuib oaii GiaTajidaaiiBaMH— aPyccRte asi* oaeMe- 
BH CjauaabD. Ajb-Ucrazpa roaopHT'b, <ito PyccKie paaA'bjeau aa rpa lueMeaa: oabh 
saayrb a-b coc'b4CTBli Byarapii, a Raaab ax'b KHeer'b ab KyraO-b, ropo4'b, Roropbiil 
6o.ibnie rop. Bydnapi; 4pyrie BaauaaioTCff Cjaaffiie, TperbH yraaid, aaaab MX-b »n- 
BCTb Bi Ap6t. (pas Buch d. Lauder ton Scbech Ebn-Isbak el Farsi el Isztachri, aus 
d. Arab. Ton A. D. Mordlmann. Neb^tt etn. Vorwirte ▼. Prof. C. Killer. MilB Karteo. 
Hamburg. 18i5. S. 106;. ~ BcnuHBHMb caoaa Hecropa, aii aanajt dttTonuta: 
K^atup-L norene aai OKOsbCKaro Jl^ca, a ooTeneTb na nojb4Be ; a ^vaaa aaii 701*0 ace 
Ji'bca noreneTb, a M4eTb aa nojyaooibe, a BBB4eTb B'bMopeBapaacbCKoe; as'bToroaie 
jrl>ca nore^fe Bojra aa a'bcroR'b, a B-bTenerb ceMbM)4ecHrb vepeJii B-b Mope XaaJincb- 
CKoe. Ttnate ■ uab Pyca HOaierb btb a-b Bojrapu a a-b Xaajiacbi, an B'bCTORii 40utr 
Rb »pe6fll Cbmobi; a no 4BaBt ab Bapara, aaii B<iparb 40 Paiiav a op. Mbi aaaeM-b, 
HTO Pyccaie nocToaauo n^aaaja no Bojirt ae TOJbKo aii XIY a X V a., ao n bi* XI ■ 
4a ace X a. Cm. paaK. UObi* 4>044aBa o Pyccax^ a-b XoaapcROVb rop04t Hriij-b. 
lljaaajM PyccKie no BoJiii a B-b nepabixi F04ax'b X b h. bi> IX a. ; raR-b ll6B'b- 
Xup^aTb-Ber'b ruaopMTb, hto PyccKie aa-b njeaeaa CiaBaa-b frb34aTb a rii Xo* 
aapcKOMj aajBiiy ptKom CjaaaBCKOiou, x. e. BojroH). HeuaBliCTHbiii ApaOcRitt aBTop*b 
aKaara crpaa-bn ronopuT'b, htu KCjaaaacKie Rynabi.... xo4Jirb — no CAoe/iHCKOMy 
Mopto wh 3ajH»y X^sapii, a noxoMi njuByxb no X'jpacaacROHy Mvpiow (x. e. Racniii 
CKOMy). QoHxeaBwlft CjaeaBMCxb aanib H. fl. CpeaueBCKitt aecbMa Bbpao aaM'bxaj'b: 
icCdtaaaBrKoe Mope, RoropuH-b njbi.in Rb HxajH) aai CjaBaacKoii ae>ija, ecTb, ko- 
HeHBo, ae nope, a p'baa Boji'a»» — B ocBoaaxe^buo xu 4oRa3aj'b. (C. 61). 



O CJABflHAlb B-b UA.luii A3IU, Bb A4>FUK'b y Bb UCDAUIU. 55 

UeirjBtcTHbiH ApadcKifi aBTopi» ((Kuarii cxpaHiiD, MsuBuiiii do 

NCefi B-bpU^THOCTU Bb X B., UUBTUpAeTli DOHTU TO 3Ke CaMOe O TOp- 

roBbiX'b cuomeHiflrb PyccKhix'b ci> Aaieio. Boti* ero cwioBa: aCaa- 
BtfucKie Ryoubi BbiBoanTi* Mtxa uHcyui> b doopoBi* usi* caaibiiLb 
oT4ajeHiibixi» ctpaH'b C.iaBiiucKux*b ki> P^mckom^ Mopio , rAk u 
u:iaTflrb doiiuuuy PyMCKouy uapi^. Ouu \0AHTb MopeMi> u Kb 
jKH4y CaMKyuiy u noroMb cyxBu^ dyT«/Mi> Bi>GjaBaucK)H> aeiiwiio, 
a'^aatv Ki> CjaBAHCRouy MopK) K-b aa^uBy Xoaap-b, r^'b ^o^hcum 
uJiaTHTb uoiu^yHy Xoaapcf^ouy Bja4'bTejio; aoToMi> iMuiByrb ki* 
X'opacaBCKOMy Mopio bi Ty piRy , ROTopaa HasbisaeTcn C^aaau- 
cKOiot uuor4a B\04a'rb bi> ^M«op4H<au'b, u TaMb paciipo4aioTi>' cbou 
ToBap-b. Bcb dry TOBapbi Qpyxo4aT'b Bb Pen , ocTaioiuiiica puu- 

KOM'b 4^IB BCerO CBliTao *• 

B'b ropo4'fe Pe'by ito 6^y3^ Terepaua, apoyaBo4ywiacb, uo aa- 
irtHauiio ToroHce aBTopa, ofiuiupHaH ToproB-ia cb ApMeHJeii, Aiep- 
6H4HiauoMi>, XopacauoM%, aeM jeB XoaapcKofi y Eep4UiaH0Mi> (^Moa^ 
4aBiett). [16ui»-Xop4aT b-Ber-b roBopyrb* hto PyccKie aoaaT-b cbou 
TOBap^l B^b Bar4a4'b* 4^MeuiRy, cKasaai* o6'h o6iuy^yocTy iipo- 
ctpakCTB^, aauMMaeMaro CiaBHuaMy, Dpy6aBwiflerb : aaoTb do- 
TOM^-To y iiaxo4yau GjasaHCKyxi* natuuBkoBb Bb Hcoauiy b Bb 
Xopacaut, oo Dp^Hyat rfcxi BotttibV ROTopua ae^y ohb ci> Typ- 
KaMy B cl» rpeRaMy»^ 

Bi) IX — X B. npoHBRa«iy PyccKie bi* crpaBbi KacniiicKia y 
KaBKaadcia , RaRi> Bb BB4ax'b Toproauxi* , TaRi> y cb u fejbio no- 
rpafiBTb, Bb By4ax'b BoyHCTBeaBbixi*. 

BvXV B. npe4apiyBmyBbie n JioSoayaTe^biibie ToproBUbi iio- 
ctuiaiorb aTy CTpaeu aecbua nacTo; 04bui> yab ayx-b, aoine4uii& 
4aii>e yxi> Bcrbxi*, Be3a6BeBUbiS uami> TaepcRofi Toproaeu^ Aea- 
uaciy U^KyTyyb ocTaBBJi> 4a»ce cbob nyTesbifl ' aauycky, 04HU'b 
viZ7> 4paroQkuH'k&uiyx'b naiiJiTuyKOBi> crapofi PyccKou cjoaecao- 
cty. M. H. CplsauieBCRiu Bb 3aKJi04eHifl caoyx'b DpeB0CX04ybixb 
RoHMeuTapifi K'b aXoHceuik) aa Tpy Mopfl» y ya ocBoaauiy 'muofo- 
HycjieBubixii BSCdtjioBaHiii b cpaBHeyiii ci> niuHbiMb apaaoMb Bbi- 



i. Cm. ct. H. H. CpeaaeBCKero — d'hAti AasBiiro auaKOMcraa PyccRMZb ch 
MiMBoii Aaieii (B^ctb. PyccH. Teoip. 06iu. 1854. Ka. I), 

2. Meal, de TAcad: de St. Pelersb. Vi. Chariuuy.' Relaliua de Massuudy. p. 352. 



56 B. B. ^AMAHCKArO, 

' \ 

pa3iijicfl aaQHCRax'fc PyccRaro leJOB'bRa XV b. raRHM'B o6pa3oirb: 
aOo BpeueuB, Ror4a DHcanbi, ero aanucRH DpHHaA^encaT'b ri hh- 
CAy caMbixi> BaHCHbix'B naMflTHBKOBi> cBoero po^a: paacRaau Jm 
KouTu B oTseTbi BacKo 4B FaMa o4mb Moryrb obiTb oocTaBwieBbi 
Bi> poeeub ci> XoH;eHieMi> Hbrbtbub. He UBSKe bxi» aTo XoaKeBie 
HB no cjory , ioth b Moncerb ohi* eaMi* renepb RaaaTbca cjuoi- 
KOM'b Majio-JBTepaTypHbJM'by bb do iipocT04ymiio b orpuBo^iBocTB 
3aMt4afliii, ub qo 4ob1>p4bboctb ri^ paanaaaMi* TyaeameBi*, aacra- 
BHBiuei] ero Buor4a aoBTopiiTb b neBtpoBTBoe. A sto yiiao« 
pa3Boo6pa3Ha 6bi^a Ba6ji04aTejbHocTb HBRBTBaa« B'b axoM-b. Ra- 
HceTCB, HeJbaii couHiBaTbca. U bi* aroai'b OTugmeBiB Hbrbtbbii 
Be BBHce, ecJB Be Bbiuie ero coBpeiieHBBROBi>» \ 

Uw'keM'h 4B Mbi RaRoe DB6y4b npaao npe4DOjaraTb» <ito oep- 
Bbie npeeMBBRB b oocj'lb40BaTejiB PyccRBXi* ToproBuea-b, ynoMB- 

HaeMblXl) H6H'b-Xop4aT'b-BerOM'b B BeB3B'fcCTBbllll> CO^BBBTe.ieH'b 
«KuBrB CTpaHl>X>, nOBBjilliOTCfl TOJIbRO Bib XV B.? nM'ikeM'b JB XOTfl 

Ma.iisBiDee ocROBaaie yTBepw4aTb» sto bi> Dpo40JH<BTejbBbifi ne- 

pio41> BpeMeUB XI \IV B. M. BpBbIA CBB3B PyCCRBXl» Cb 

B0CT0R0BI1> 6b]JB COBCpUieBBO OpepBaBbl? nBUiyUlifi dTB CTpORB 

Cb CBoeii cTopoBbi BecoMBtauo y6tiK4eBi>, sto co BpeMeaeMii 6y* 

4yTl> OTRpblTbl DOJOHCBTeJbBblfl B3B'fcCTifl o6'bdTBX1> CBA3flXl>, 0C0«- 

6cuBo Bi> nHcaTejiBxi> aocTosBbix'b; noRa xce npocBTi* SBTaTe^a 

05paTBTb BBMMHBbe Bd BiROTOpblfl COo6pa'#KeBia B «l»aRTbl, ROTO- 

pbie 04BB cTaaaT-b Bbioie BcaRaro coMBtsbfl to no^oaceaie, sto 
MBpubiA CBflaB PyccRBxi» Cb BocTOROAfb, CTpaBBMB aa-KacDiBCRByn 
B 3a-KaBRa3CRBMB« Be iipepbiBajBCb Bb nepio4'b XI — XIV b, 

Cjt4yeTi> noMBBTb noxo4bi PyccRHXii bi> KacoiBCRou-b Hop'b 
bi> 914t 944 r., ocjaojeuie b pa3pyu]eBie norymecTBeBBoH 46p- 
xcBBbi XoaapcKofi , noxo4bi CBaTocjaaa bb flcoB'b b Kacoros-b bi» 
B'b X Bm a McTBCjaaa bii XI b., noxo4i>PyccRBXi BaCQeMaxy bi> 
XII Bm 6pasubie coHi3bi PyccRBXi* RBaseii XII b. cb A6xa3ieio a 
rpysieio, CB^y a BBJaseaie RaawecTBa TuyrapaRaacRaro , cyme- 
cTBOBaaie PyccRBXi* ooce^eniii , a ae ua^osBCJeaubix-by bi> aea- 

JAXli Opa-^OBCRBX'b, B QO 3aB0eBaaiB BX'b DoJOBUaMB, a OOTOMl 

TaTapauB, deanpepbiBBbia caomeuia cb bbmb PyccRMX-b, doctobb- 



i. ywi. 3an. II 0t4. Hmo. Ak. HajK-b. Rh. IL ran. % C 30S-306. 



O CJABIIHAXli Vh MAAOH .4310, Vh A<t>PHR'fe U rb HCnAUIH. 57 

ifoe ope6i»iBaHie PyccKuxii, bobbobtiv peuecjeuuuKOBii u TuproB- 
aeBi», MeHc^iy TaTapaMB aa Bojr'fc,«B'b Cpe4Hefi Aaiu, bi> Aa^ 
recrani. 

B'h CKaaaHiflxik P}cckbxi» XV b. o aejuAHXb sa ApapamoMb^ o 
otcu^u TaJHepAaHUy 3eiiJB aa-KdBKaacKifl b 3a-KacoiiicKi>i uaau- 
BaioTCfl BO 6oabuiefi mbctb aueuaaiB uapoAHbiMB, hto yKaauBaerb 

aa BX-b BCTOIHHICb, Ue KUBHCHblti. a Bapo^Hbitt \ 

UdTh Toro, HTO Bsieua diB aaoHcaubi bi* aaMATuuRax'b XV b., 
ue.i'buo 6biJ0 6bi aaKJiOMaTb « ito dXB Bueua ue 6bUB BaatcTUbi 
B-b XiV B. B pauhtue. 

HcaaacKiH ayTeiuecTBeHaBRi>PioBroucajeci> aeKjiaauxo, no- 
cjaBHbifi R-b TaMepjaay FeapuxoM-b HI KaqrawibCRBM-b, BB^tjii B-b 
1404 r. B-b CauapKaajii PyccRBXii Topro6iieBi», BM'fecTi cbTarap- 
CKHiiB« cb ROH;aHfl, M'bxaMB u jibaaabiMH TRaaaMB. a3a aojatRa 
oepe^'b Ttu'b , — saM'feHaL'T'b H. H. CpeaueBCRiii « ocaoBbiBaacb 
na BORaaaaiB IIIera6'b-d44Bua , B'b ero iKnBoaacabix'b nyre- 
inecTBiax'b, — jbaaBbia 04esK4bi aa-b aeuja PyccRofi ButcTi cb 
TRauAMB Bd-bA^eRcaa^piB 6bUB bi» xo4y a noneTt bohtb sa noa- 
Topu Tbicaia BepcTi> aa CaMapRau40M'b aa lor'b, aa nowiy4opor6 
B3i» aero B'b KajbRyTxy, Bii^eja, hto bti cliBepaofi E]a4iB»^ Do 
BocToiabiMii CRaaauiflHi* o noxo4'b Tauepjaaa aa Pycb, BoiicRa ero 
codoraTBJiBCb y aaci» aecM'feTHOiO 4o6biHeio a aaBbionaja BeJb64io- 
40Bik cJBTKaMB 30 loxa, cepeSpa, uixaaia 4paroa'isaab]Ma, RycRaMB 
moHHato nouomna AhmigxibcKato u PyccKaio^. PyccRie, aaaRoubie 
CTh 3eM4jiUB KaBRa3CRBBiH , 3a404ro 40 TaTapi» a bo Bpeua ux'h 
B4a4biqecTBa, ae npepuBa^B cbobxi» 4aBaaniaBX'b caadeii. 

Mbi yBce BM-fc^B C4yHaii yRaaaxb faa 6biTB0CTb PyccRax-b rba- 
aeii a ax-b BoficR-b B'b iOwaoM'b JUareciBB^ B'b 1277 r., 34'i^cb }Ke 
yRasKeM'b rojbRo aa cjt4yK)iJuifl 4Ba o6cToaTe4bCTBa aa-b XIV b. 

Ec4a 6bi Cb 3eM4aMa KaBRaacRana Pyccaie ae BM^Jia no- 
CTOHBBbiX'b cBOUieaifi , TO RaRBVb 6bi ofipaaoM-b BomjB BT» aauiB 
4l>T0DBCB aanp. c4'fe4yiouiiii caoaa: no4T» 1345r. — «6bicTb uopb 
CBjea-b 3*140 8041) BocTOHBOio CTpaaoEO aa Opaana b aa A3CTopo- 



1. y^. 3ao. Kb. II, bud. 2, craTbA H. B. CpeaaescKaro, c. 228 ■ cjl 

2. Taif-b mo, crp. 220. 

8. KapaMdHBa B. F. P. T, 131. , 



59 B. H. JAMAUCKArO, 

*• 4 

KaHa u Ha Capau, h Ha npo»uiirb rpaA^xi» crpauHtx-Bt ua ipu*- 
CTiflU'bx'b H Ha ApMeuei'tt, h aa ^^paatx^ h na HepKactxi^, u ua 
TaTapix'b, B Ha Q6fl3txi> b ako He 6b]CTb Kony norpe6aTB Hx-ba. 
Hail paacRaaa •I'bTooHCH o uou<iBU'b KHnaa TsepcRaro Muxaa ^a 
HpocwiaBH^a, b% 1319 r., bi» 0p4t, K04eBaBuie& B-b to Bpenii cua- 
«iaja yAaoBCKaro MopH, dotobit* bi» ^arecTaut^ 3a Tepeaou i>, daasi* 
4ep6eHTa\ yanaeMi*, hto Taifb oujo mhofo PyccRBx-b: aEaiyaK'b 
TaMO'Biuoafl Hapo4a, aaa necoR'b co6paiMiieca», ccror^a %t^ scauh 
coui40Cb Taiio,.. B UapeipadUfbf u HibMtfu h Jumea h /^c6 u Mmau 
npaeoMaeHiuTi>. Ci» KHaaeMi* Maxan.ioM'b 6bKiu CBaineUHbiH KuarB, 
ROTopbia OHi» "iHTadii» Depe4i> ciiepTbio, Bbua opa aeM'B a cbh- 
uieUBBRH — a6t 6o cb. UBM'b ar^Meub, roBopBTi Hbrou. «{tTO- 
uucb, 4a ABB uona auoRa^ 4Ba noaa» 4a 4bflR0H'B uipcrieB. C'b 
UBM'b 6biJo ue MBJio «ro cjyrb, Roropbie a yroaapaBajiH ero 6t- 

TWaTb. BbUB Kh TO BpCMH Bli 0p4^ B 4pyrie PyCCRte, ROTOpbli^ hb 

Majio ue co<iyB€TBOBa4a RHfl3io Maxaujy, uaapoTHB'b, CM']^ajHCb 
ua4i> uBM'b. aPene Hce oti» cbobxi* e4UHi>: rocao^aae Ruaacel 

BH4''b01H 4B Oe, KOJIBRO .Bap04a MBOHCeCTBO CTOflUlBXl*, BB4flfi|e TB 

Bi> TaROBoft yRopaau'b, a npeacb tb c^bimauie aapcTBViouia tb bo 
CBoeil 3eBiJia?:..» yfii&iiaiia Mflxaaja 6bMH PoManei^ a HeaHet^^ 
6biTb MoaceTii Toace PyccRie, uo bo BcaicoM'b cjy*ia1i xpacxiaue. 
aBeHcy ;He ero paaqpaoaoia Pyct u Tarapose; Bcfexi* cyu4uiKi> rb 
uuM'b xp^cTiau'b B TaTapi>, c^yacauiBX-b euy, BMaiome B3o6ua* 
Hcaxy uaraxii a B^esaxy, Tepaaiome hro 3J04teB'b b po3Be4uie 
DOROBania». Becbua jio6pnfaaTUbi u'fcROTopMB oo4po6Hocta 06% 
oTBeaeuia- bt» Pycb^ rkia Muxaa^oBa; 0Hi> aecbMa uo^esubi 4^a 
cao6pa3K45uiB npu' paacMOTpiBia Bonpoca o Tontauraeft 4oct)'ouo- 
era 4aR PyccRBXb aeaeab KasKaaeRaxb. TaHi>«iiTonBCb (Hbr.) paa- 
CKaahiaaerb, hto T'ibjo M^xbb^obo npBBeaeao 6bija B<b Mau^pMKb 
(t. e. Madotcapbi ua p.Kyiirb)« ary cyme iocmuPycmiu BocxoTtiiia 
nocTaBBTB Bi> uepRBe ojauiaamiiieio aoKp^Boie, a ue 4a4Ba aMi»; 
uo B'b x4'fcBBui>». DoTOMTb opaB^ajia TbAO B'b' Bea&eotcb^ hto ubiuii, 
no Muibuiio Kapaaaaua, Be3e4eBo, uHace EuoTaeBCKa, aa pyRaa'fe 



1. «3a p. Tep:;oii-b, ea p'btt% M CeBeuixli (HbiB'fe Cynoita) noA'h ropo^OM-b ooA'fc 
TeTflROBbJMi», MBHjrBuie BCM ropbi feucoKbu. HcbCKU H HepKacKiB,* 64Hab B6poTb Hie- 
Jl>aabixb». 



O CJABAHAl'b Bl> M.AJOfi A3IU, B'h A<I»PBK'6 H B% HCnAHlU. 59 

Boarii. «I1 HRu Hce Gbima .6jh3i> rpa4a, u mho3h nab rpa4a BaA'buia^ 
oRo«io. ca.HeB MHC^iecTBo Bapo4a co CBtiuaua, a aufoix-b aa Roubsii 
ci» «»OHapH QQ B03jiyxy ^AnuxviX'h; b tbko npHBeaoma bo rpa4i> b 
ue oocTaBiuiia ee t^cpKou, bo bo Afiopi^. AajAe pa3Cf6a3biBaeTi» 
j.tTOflBcea'b, KaKi> 4Ba crpanca bi» CTpaxt BejBKOMi> 6bUB csepace- 
Efu Ch cauett «B Aajeqe oTmeTayTbi, b e4Ba BoacraBine b vh oe6e 
npHUieAiue, a iue4ine, acnoBi>4auia bca. 6bwuMH cytu^HM^ my c«/c- 
t^tHHUKojw, omii Ht4Xb Ofcei CAbifuasfue cie HanucaxoMf^ docmoHftpno^. 

Bl> HBCjii 06cT0flTe4bCTBX , 6jaroapiHTCTBOBaBinMXl> CBBB/Ufb 

PyccK^xii ex 3eMJaMB KaBRascKBMa, a yRasaai*, MeHC4y npoiani*, 
B ua nocejeBiB PyccRB\7> bt> 3eM^iixi> npa-4oBCRBxi>. 

B-b BaiBMX'b j^TonHcaxi. do4i> 1499 r^ RBHceTCA, b% nepBbifi 
pa3i» ynoMBBaioTCii RoaaKB ^^oacRie: bi> 9tomi> ro4y npBX04BJB' 
oHB ci> TarapaMB. 0p4biucRBMB 00411 KoaejibCR^. KaASba Depe- 
MbiiD«ibCRi& B OdoeBCKiii paadajB ax-b, BBfaJxi* B3iiJB bii n.itBi» a 
npBBeJB B-b MocRBy (H. V. P. VI, lip. 495). Bi> oeperoBopaxi» 
lUocROBCRaro ^Bopa ch DopToio 1516 r. yaoiiBBaioTCH Ta>R)Ke 
RoaaKB AaoBCRie. aBejflRiii RBH3b Tpe6oBajii, «iT.u6bi cyjTaa'b 
aanpeTBwiii bmi* TpeaoHCHTb aamy yRpaSay a XBararb jf04eS, 
ROTopbie nocbi^aioTca 0TTy4a bi> crena 4wiJi pa3Bt4biBaBifl o KpbiH- 
uaxi» B HoraflXiiv (ib. VII, Dp. 136). 

Hora&CRiS Myp3a Be^eRi* wajoBajtcir HBaay BacajbeBany 
rp:)3Hoiiy ua KoaaROBii Asobcrbxii b Me»cjty npoHaMi* naca^i* o 
HBX'b: «Et)4aro Rnaas HepRacu 6'br4bie xo^ona 6bKifl9. A uapb 
FlBaHi> BacBJbeBB<ib bIi ueperoBopax'b cbobxi> ci» xauoni* KpbiM- 
cRHM-b roBopaj-b: ((Hamax'b Ko3aROBi> aa 4oBy uiiVh ubropo; a 
3KHByTi Ba ^oBy VLTb Bamero rocy4apcTBa SntMie atodui^; bjb bi> 
4pyroM'b ntcTii: c<A ROTopue aa ^osy HtaByrb, 4aBH0 6'lsrafl b31» 
uauiero rocy4apcTBa3> (H. F. P. VIII, Dp. 251). 

Tenepb ei:T<9CTBeBflo B03BBRaeTi» Bonpocb: btb 6'brjbie Pyc* 
Cicie Jf04a, npo ROTopbixii vb nojioBBBt XVI b. roBopaaa, <ito obb 
daeno 6traiOT'b, a o ROTopuxi* ynoMnaaforb ji'bToDaca bi> k. XV^b., 
aTM 6i>rwibie PyccRie jio4Hv nocejH^cL aa 4oBy, aauija ah Taux 
ywe PyccKBX'b nocewieuaeBb, cBoax-b aeMjaROBx a e4auoBikpaeB'b, 
BJH ace OBB 6bija oepabiatfa nocejeaaaBiB dToro Rpaa? UosbowIaio 
ce&h 4yMaTb, hto a 40 dxaxx 6'krjibtx'b AWAf"-^ 6bUB Pyrcin ooce- 
aeujB aa 4ou}: raKb erne Bb 1265 r. oTKpbira 6bi4a CapaiicRan 



60 B. n. JAMAfiCRArO, 

I 

«aapxifl,a bi* XIV^ b. ae paa^ BoauHRajn cnopbi o rpaunuax'b Pa- 
aaHCRofi u CapaficROD enapxifi ; BaRoueaii 6bM0 ptmeHo , ito 
PaaaHCRafl oRausiiBaeTCfl npa Bna^eHin Xonpa B'b Aotvh. Cnpama- 
BaeTca, R'b newy 6bUo y<ipe2K4aTb U'fejyio eDap\iK),ecjB 6bi aoce- 
jiemn PyccRiii 6hUB BesHanHTeJbHbi? Bbiine mm bb4'64b, ito rb 
uaHa^i XIV B. 6bi.iH apaBocjaBBbia uepRSB B'b Ma^xcapax-b, Ba p. 
Kyifb, B'b Be34e3irb, BB»ce EnoTaeacRa. OTnero Be mor^o 6biTb b Pyc- 
CRBX'b BocejieBifi B'b Rpa'fc npB-4oBCRuMi> , BBHce BBa^eain Xonpa 

B'b ^OB-b? 

B'b XIII H B'b XII B. B'b aTBX'b utcTaxii, Bie3K4y Bo^rofi, 4o- 
aoM'b B ^BtupoM-b, RoseaajB DojoBUbi, 

Cii no^oBBBbi XI 40 Banaaa Xlll b. CBouieBin PycB cb IIo- 

40BUaMB 6bMB BOMTB 6e3npepbIBBblJI. IIo&iBMO Bpa3K4e6BblX'b 
OTBOaieflifi, BCROp'b 40J3KBbI 6bMB 06pa30BaTbCfl B 4py3KecTBeB- 

Bbifl. ' H'fcrb coMB-Jbuifl , qro ae T04bR0 DojOBUbi M'feuia^BCb B'b 
4'fcja PyccRiii, no b Bao6opoT'b; ec^B RBfl3bA b 4aHce RBartiHH 
BauiB BCTynaJB B'b 6paRB cb DojoBoasiB, to tombo TaR;Ke Bcry- 

naJB B B3'b Bdp04a B B3'b 4py>KHBb]. 3tB MHpHblfl CBH3B ROBCHHO 

Be MorjiB ue BM'bTb Ba IIojoBueB'b B'feROToparo B^iiaHia, ycB^BBas- 
marocii Pyccrbmb aj'^RBBKauii, ROTopbixii obb Hepi4Ro yB04Bjfl 
B'b 6o4bmoii'b Ro^BHecTBt. HanpacBo mm ctbjb 6b] Dpe4no4araTbv 
sTo JI04B PyccRie, yB04BMbie DojOBaaMB B'b nJ'feB'b, 6bMB Bcer4a' 
y6BBaeMbi bjb sKe 0T4aBaeMbi Ba caMbifl THHCKia Myneuba. OieBb 

B'fcpOflTBO, HTO Be 06x04Bjl0Cb B 6e3'b dTBX-b CiyHdeB'b, RO OUB 

6biBajiB BenpeMtBflo BCRjio«ieuiRMB; raK-b RaK-b IlojoBuaM'b Be 
Tpy4H0 6biJ0 yBB4aTb, HTO PyccRie 4ajeR0 npeBocxo4aT'b mxi> bo 
MBorBx-b OTBomeuiflX'b, bxi co6cTBeHUbiS BUTepecb aacTaB^iiJ'b 
npBMaHBBaTb R-b ce6tPyccRBX'b.npB CeanpepbiBuocTB CBaaeiiPycB 

Cb DOwlOBaaMB, Be MOFjIO Be B03BBKHyTb flBJeHia CaMOrO 06blRH0- 

BCBBaro B'b BCTopiB Me»c4yHapo4Bbix'b cHoineuiii.' C'b Toii b 4py- 
rofi CTopoflbi 4pj»<Bbi 6bUB HBJaThCfl nepe6'l3KWBKB, JII04B 6'brjbie. 
Me9K4y Pycbio b IIojOBuaMfl He iior^o Be o6pa30RaTbCfl caaseS 
ToproBbix-b ; — qepea'b aeMJB IIojiOBeaRia jeHcaj'b nyxb PyccRHM'b 

Rl» aeM^BM-b KaBRaaCRBMli, Cb ROTOpbIMB PyCb Bep'fe4R6 CflOCB4aCb 
B'b XII B. 

Ha ocBOBaniH 04HBX'b arax'b TaRi* CRaaarb anpiopB^iecRBX'b co- 
o6paH€eBifi, moskbo ptmBTejibBo oTRaaaxbca otai^iaTb OTpBaare^bBO 



CAABBBAXt B'h MAdofi A31U, BX A4kP«K1l H Bl> BCDABIH. <^1 

ua Bonpocbj He 6bM0 jh PyccKuxi* noce^eHifi bi» seujAXii npB- 
^OHCRBXi* H 40 TaTapi>, npa nojoBuax-b, rb XII b. b paHbUje? 

Do cMepTB Derpa Be^BRarOyBecbMa uHoro aa^oTHBUiaracB o6'b 
AcTpaxaBCROM-b.DopTt B cy^oxo^CTsi Ha KacnificftoMi> Mopt, 
TanomHiii ojorb, eecbMa bi> ero epeMB anaHBTe^bUbiii, oTii coBep- 
meHHaro HM-b npeBe^peHceHiii CTaJi> QOCTeaenBO npnxo4iiTb bi> yaa- 
AOB-h. On DpeRpameHia RpeiicepcTBi* ecTecTBeHBo 404acB0 6bi- 

JO OGJaotTb TOprOBOe Cy40X04CTB0; BtpOBTHO 0T1> He40CTaTKa 

cpe4CTBi> R'b opouBTaHiio, iio4B, cjyTKBBuiie BO ovJOT*! B jk>6bb- 
mie CBoe peMec4o« crajB ToaoaiiH nepexo4HTb Ha CTopoay Ilep- 
riBui*; aoABBjBCb MopcHie pa36ottHBKB, PyccKie juoab. Orojo 
1733 r. PyccRiii R0Hcyji>.Bi> FH^BH-fc 40B0CBJii» PyccROvy npa- 
BBTCJbCTBy, iTO «DpRX04amie Ha RyaesecRBXX vopcRBX'b cy4ax'b 
Bi> FajBHi* B BT> 4pyriB ua TaMomueiiii KacoiiicKOM'b Mop'b ^ewa- 
luia npucTaHH Mydyphi (aiaTpocbi) Muorie TaMii ocraiOTCA b ue tormo 
CBMH cTpoioTii B'b IlepciB Mopexo4H&iH cy4a, BO B 4pyrBX'b 4tja- 
Hiio rikx-b cy40Bi> odynaiOTbv \ 

Bi> C4t4CTBie dToro BewiiiBo 6biJ0 Koacyjiy B'b rB^flfli y4epHCHr> 
BaTb Mvayp-b oT'b nofiiroB'b, a AcTpaxaacRBX-b RynaoBi> o6ii3aTb 
no4nBCRoio, ano4'B onaceuieM-b njTpa4»a a jBiaeHiH noucBTRa, ae 
OToycKaTb vh Hepciio Myaypi* h ne ap04aBaTb cy40Bi>». 

flaajHCb a MopcRie paadofiaaRB aPyccRie BopoBCRie JE04a», 
TaRi>9 6bJBuii& B'b neTep6yprik bi» 1737 r. nepcB4CRifi nocoj'b 
npe4CTaBjflji>, hto (iHbiu'fe, no oojiyHeBBbiMii nacbMaM'b b3i». BaRa« 

BUOBb nOBBH^BCb pa36ofiUBKB 831* PoCGlilCROfi BaiUB, ^ejOBtRl* Cb 

ceMb^ecflT-b ua cy4axi>, a HcuByTT) 6ja3b EaRB, aa ocTpoai ARpa* 
6t (?), 4jifl rpadenca iipoi3»CBXi> ji04efi, a yme Tpa cy4a AcTpa* 
xaucRBX'b RyoueB-b orpa6Bja» ^). Bi> 1767 r. bobbhjcb y Ilep- 
CB4CRBX'b 6eperoBi 04bhi» oTia^uubia Ropcapx ao^ycypuaauB- 
miiicHD PyccRifi qejoaiiR-b Haau-b CTOjapeBb, CTa^'b crpouTb bi> 
dusBjiflX'b cy4a a pacxaHcuBarb no Mopio , ao ficRopi o6HcercB 
oopoxoM-b a yuep^. — BBae-a4BiBpaj'b Kpiofici» B'bsanacR'b cBoea o 
g^OH-fc, A30BCR0Mi> Mopi B np., cocTaB4eBBofi BUI DO DpuKaaaaiio 

1. Acrpaz. Iloprfc cb 1725 oo 1781 r. ct. r. Cobojobi. (MopcK. C6. 1849. 
C.469). 

2. Taai sa C 470. 

3. TaMii se. C. 474. 



62 



B. U. .lAMAaCRArO, 



-' 



UeTpa BejBKaro n no4He(^BHoi bmi* irb 1699 r. uapvBHHy A.ie- 
Rctio neTpoBa«iy« roBopnT-b, MesK4y opo^BM'by «ito, ee TepuH npH- 
TtcHeaie nojfciDB, upB BB4'b Kaauea, nocTaruiBX'b DaB-iioKa, 
OcTpflHBay« MBorie n9i» RoaaKoaii MaJopoccincKBXii cxajB nyiue 
opesKu^ro BCKaTb ce6'fc y61>»cfliua bt* 4pyrBXii crpaaax'b b 4 tm- 

CflHfl ^eJOBiR-B «B31> paayUHittuiBX'B R08aR0BT>», co6paBaiHCb ci> 

HcenaMB b A^TbUB, piniajBCb aepecejaTbca bi» Ilepcifo, aMtauiyio 
Tor^a BO&ay ci» TypRBMB* (iTaRBMi» odpaaoM-b aepemaa obb, do 
o6biRHOBeaifo cBoeyy, B'b o6o3t« doate 120 UBjb ^epea'b aen.iH 
KpuMCRBi-b B UoraficRBXi> Tarapii, ci» ROTopbiua ohb <iacro 
HMt^a cpanceaieA, bo hb >toBy daa aoBcrp'bHajiBCb ch RoaaRaaa 
v^obcrbiib^ Rotopue oTroBopajia bxi> orb raRoro uaMtpeubH *)• 

H TBR-b, ec^B PyccRie aioab vb 18b 17 ctoj. mopjb Depe6t- 
raTb B Dcpexo4BTb r-b IlepciflaaM'b secbMa 3Ba«iBTejbBbiBiB MaccaMBv 
TO orb «iero ae nor^a Bepexo4aTb raRBMii Hce o6pa30Mi> a Rii flo- 
joBoaM'b, cb ROTopbiMB Pycb Baxo4Bjacb B'b eaouieaiflX'b doctor 
aBBbixi» a 6e8npepbiBBbixi>7 

H« TOJbRo B'b 18 CT04.» BO B B'b B0C4'b4Bee BpenH Bi» Xasis^ 
Byxap-b, TamRearfc a KoRaai hcbjo ae Majo Pyccaaxii jif04eii« 
Be TOJbRo OJi'baHRKOB'b B BeB04bBBR0Bi»« 8axBa<ieaHbixi a aepe- 
opo4auBb]X'b KaprHaaMB^ bo a 6'brjbix'b a ryaamaxii .iio4eii« 
ROTopue, aad'braa npec4'fc40Baaitt a aaRasaaifi, pjb opocTO yaje- 
KaeMbie PyccRoro y4a.ibio a M0404eHecTB0M'b, Bcryaajia aa c^yacdy 
AaiatoBi*. Oieab ae ryaiaaao o6pama^cb cb PyccRBMa njiaaa- 
BBRaMB, oaa T'feiiii ae neaie cTapafOTcn BocaojbaoBaTbGa ax-b 
yMOM^ a rfeMB aaaaiava, Rotopbix-b aa co6ofo oaa ae vb4aiorB. 

B'b 1 822 r. rb o4aoM'b b3t> aamax'b xcypaajoB'b aeeajia o6i> 

e4B0M'b PyccRoirb ^ejoaiRt, Baxo4BBnieiiCfl B'b to BpeMfl B'b Be- 
Boji'b B'b Eyxapi« Bb 80 ro4ax'& apomjaro cTOJiria, AH4peS 
Po4aKOB%, Raapaj'b Opea6yprcRaro rapaasofla, Chun aaarb bi» 
B^ia-b Kapraaalia a Dpo4aa'b B'b Byxapy, 

Xaa'b ByxapcRift apoaaae^'b ero B'b TOB«ia-6aBiB, aopjfMaj'b 
eMy aaqajbCTBo aa4'b apTBJijepieio, 6paj'b ero b% ooxo4bi apo- 
TBB-b UepciflB'b, AfiraaueB-b, XaBaaaeB-b. 



1. CTApsBH. nepesoA'b Posuci. o 40011, AaoBCK. Hopt, Bopoaevb h AsobIi, y<iir- 
HeBBUJi no ooiej. Uerpa B. ■ np. Oreq. 3an. CBBBbnua. 4. XX. .^T** 56. 6*185-- 186. 



O CJABnnAX^ BX MA.fott ASIIT, Wh AWVUIK^^ H B1» RCnAHIM. 63 

Ri> 1822 r. PoiBKOBy 6biAo 70 jtrb; obii TocKOBa^n no 
Poccin « HO Re mu^Ai* Bodn oskroctii 3r6'fcHcaTi». 

KarB Bcix-b PyccKRX'b o^tHiinROBx, ero opBBy4BjH npHHiiTb 

VCJaMR3M'b, 04HaR0 Wh TafiBli OHli OCTaJCM BlipeHli xpHCTiaHCTay. 
HOSTB RaH£4yK) Re^ijIlO PyCCRie HeBOJbBBRB Co6upaiOTCfl , rOBO- 
pBJH TOriia, MOjIBTbCII R'B Po4RROBy, ROTOpblH, RpOBft RCOpaBJieHiH 

4o^iHtHoeTH T(H]«iB-6ainR, aase.!!* vh Byxap-fe cboiq jaBRy h aasB- 
MaeTCR ToproB^feio. Bi> C^TAoe XpncTOBo BocRpeceHbe Bcb Pyc-> 
CRie 8% Byxapt 0TnpaB4iiH)Tcii ri> Po4aROBy« fltaannpaioTcii bi> ere 
rfccByio RAMopRy b cjymaion» aaytpeHio, ROTopyio OTopaBJifliorb 
Po4BROB^ R BacBjiH EropoB'b, njiBUbifi AhnneH'h Bdrh Opeufiypra. 
y Hflxii ecTb B&b CBffiiteBBbifl B aepROBUbiH RBBrB, ROTopbifl nojy- 
<IBJR oflB 0TB PyccRHXi* RyoaeBii, 6foiBDiBX'b Vh ByxapiBtt. Bi> 
1 K22 r, Bi> Byxap'fe nposKBBajio 34 leJosiRa PyccRB^i* n^1>BHbiXT| 

HVh RORX-b ?7 UyHC^MB-b H 7 HCeBOIDBl* \ 

CBdRpcRie BoaaRB MRJiooiiiH'b r BarapbiinRBBii , 6biBmie bi> 
n^tfly y KoRaaiieBi* cb 1 849 no 1 852 r., oo BoaBpameuiB caoeM-b 
Ba po4BBy, paacRasbiaa^B iieHC4y DposRM'bt aaop. npo TypKeemuHb 
(Aaper-b): «ropo4i» arorb BM'fa'e'rb 6o4te 1000 aomobti; 0RpyHceBi» 
GrkaoH)) ROTopaH bo uBorBX'b Micrax'b paaaa^Bjaeb, b Bace^eBi* 
fiojibmeio *iacTbEo &krjkhiuH Bai* paavux-b crpaH'b. O&uHn CufinpcniU 
Kosaga no umbmu AMKcrbA IlbiPfcuKomy cdyo§cufn» moMn comHUKOjm 

Koriia RoaaROB-b BaiiiBxi» b bxx TOBapBtnefi, ROTopbie ootomi* 
noMepjB, npBBe^B wh Korbrii, to xBR'b apBRaaaji-b bm-b o6pRTb 
rojoBbi B nepe^aTb pauey (uyjj'fc] aah o6patueBiA vb iiycy^bMaH«- 
CTBo. BonpeKB o^hbro coB'bry RamRX'b e^RRoatpiieB^ PyccRBX-B, 
BaxoARUiBXCfl B^ KoRBHt, Mb] 4Boe cyTOR'B Be corjiamajBCb Ba 
6pHTi»ero40Bbi, HaROHem>HaTpeTbR ycTynRjR CRj-ii. Hae^ o6pR4B, 
nepepA4B4B bi> AaiaTCRoe njiarbe b oepe4ajiB paHcy. 

Bx caMOM-B KoRant 6trjbixi» Pvccrrxii b Tarapii 6y4erB 
ORO40 CTB ^le^OB'fcR'B. Obb BCTp'tiBiOTca B Bii 4pyrHX'B ropo4ax'B 
H oeo6eaHO wh TamReHxii, vxh bx'b A^me 6ojrfce, ^m-h bx Korb- 
Bt. MHorie Bd'b PyccRRX-B coctobtx b^ xaacRofi cjiy»c6'fc, ho Bcb 
Wh TBBRt €06.1104810711 RpaBocjaBHyH) B^py B RcejaiOTB Bosapa- 



1. Qrtn, 3«D. CmbBHa. H. XI. vf^ 29« C. 366 h ca. 



64* B. 11. ^AMAHCKArO, 

TBTbCH Ha poABHj; Bxi y4epaciiBae'nb TOJbKO 6oflaHb uaRaaaBiJi* 
Hdrh BBXi> Mfoi QOMBBMi* BMeHa: CrenaBa ABepbHHOna, soToputt 
CjyHCHT-b io3i>-6aineio y opy^iii; Haaua Ky3BeaoBa« CeiiHoauaTBB* 
CRaro Kyne"ie'*Raro cbiHa« aaHtfuaiotuaroca ToproBaeio; RoaaRa 
E<i»HMa MycoBa; coJAara MHTpo4»aua ^eMHHa h RoaaRa Ilerpa 
KoHOBa^oaa. 

y paRca Mbi Dpo»CBjH Mlicflaa 4Ba (aBBapb a ^leapa^b 1 850). 
TaM-b HBCb co^epHcauH xopomo, xoxa a 00411 npHCuoTpoiiii , r, 
ife3K4y opoHBifb, yqajH oo-TaTapci(H, ho odptaaxbca Mbi ue co- 
rjiamajiacb, a Ror4a, nocat 4Byxue4'fe^bHoii 6oj1>3hh« paacb yuepi^, 
Mbi yuiJB Bdii ero 40Ma aa bo^io b Qoce^Bjacb y CTenaaa Aaepba- 
Boaa, r4'b hcrjb Micaua 4Ba hjm rpa (cb Mapra 1850 r.)»^ 

Oh IIojoBuaiia PyccRie Qaxo4H4HCb bi aecpaBBeHHo do^te 
xicHbix-b fl HepaapbiBHbix'b CBaaax-b, n^wh 4a2Ke bi> HacTOiiiQee 
BpeMH ex Xhboio« ByxapoK), TainKeBTOMi* a KoRaaoMX. 3eMjiii 
DojoaeiiRaa, 6oj'be cux'b bocj'fc4HHX'b, 6bija no4Bep»ceua Pyc- 
CROMy B^iflHiK); ornero Bi* aeii oj-fcaaaRa PyccRie ae mofjb oo^b- 
BOBaxbCft H'bROTopbiM'b aaaHeaieu'b? «ox«iero Hce bii aefi He Morjo 
6bixb PyccKHxi> 6trjbix'b a ryjainax'b vii04eii? 

HeJb3H He 3aMixaxb, «ixo ycn'bmaaH o6pa6oxRa acxopia 4peB- 
Hefi Pyca Bcxp-bqaerb^cedi cajbaoe openaxcxBie bi» xix'b noaa-* 
xiaxTi, ixp Cb 04U0Q cxopoHbi ae D03BOJaforb a3CJit40Baxe4io 
npaaaMaxb xo, 1x0 BecbMa caMO no ced-fc atpoaxao a 4a9Ke aeo6- 
xo4aiio, xoxa nuctMeHHO b ae 3acBa4txejbCXBOBaao ^ a cb 4pyro& 
cxopoabi no44ep»cH8aioxi> rb aeM'b Mbicjb orpaavisHBaxbca 04BHMfl 
oxe«iecxBeaabiMa acTOHaaRaMB, Hanp. ji-fcxooacHMB, xor4a RaK'b 
oB'b Be4ocxaxo4nbi. Ci04a ace aa4o oxaecxa cxapyio npiiBbnRy 
o6pauiaxb Baauaaie xojbRo aa 04ay Hcaaab rocy4apcxBenayio a 
DOjiaxHiecRyio; RaRi) 6y4Xo 6bi cy4b6a PyccRuxi>, Btpabixi* cBoeii 
Bapo4Bocxn, ae HcaByinax'b 04aaR0 B'b PyccRofi xeppaxopia, ae 
cocxaBjaex'b opraaasecRoii nacxa PyccKofi acxopia? Oxii xoro 
8a6biBaiox'b 4aHce a ynoMaayxb o xoii aeM^t PyccRoft, Roxopaa 
oToin.ia Rb aapo4y aaonjeMeaaoiiy « xoxa a coxpaaaja CBOfO 
aapo4Hocxb. 

1. BtCTHHrfc PyccRtro Feorpa*. O6111. 1856. Rh. IT. Ciitcfc. C 21 ■ »• 

2* Ha&i'MonTejfc ■% aaine tpeaifl ■■ aa esmmu^ umrh ae A02men% 8t6ur«Tb, 
•iTo %cth •AKTia AMMtro p04a: aamae a raMauey a "ito oocj^Aaie ropaMO nawte. 



O GJABilHAX'b Bli MAJOH A3II1« B^ A^frPUR'B H Bl» HCnAUlH. 65 

nrh Toro, HTO PyccKiA d'feTonHcii nnqero Be roBopHTb o Pyc- 
cRHXi* Doce^eHiflX'b b^ aeM^i DojoBeuKoii , eiue He cj^^Ayevh 
3aKJio<iaTL, «iTo6bi Hxx a lie 6bi.io. 

He Morjo B'b ueii ee 6biTb VyccKvix^b 6irjbixi» h BopoBCKHX'b 
iio4e&, 04uaK0 j'l^Toniicii roace MOjqar'B o iihxt». 

KieBGRiS diToouceu-b no4T» 1159 r. roBopHTb: «IIpii4e Han- 
cuasy 6o«iiiiii noMOHb R'b Etjyropo4yi npu4e 60 K'b beMy Bam- 

R0p41> Bl* 20 TblCflSb, OTMMM-b CBATOC^aBjlb BoJ04llMHpil«ia: ^ib 6o 

Mamu no 6notcaMi 6b Uojiohviu u luua .?a Hb>} (P. A. :I1, 85). 

KHflmuH* Morjia drkncarb R'b DojoBuaMb; KaRb me ue 61iraTb 

OblJO npOCTblM'b ^i04HMl>? 

ElHuiymiS 3Tii cxpoRB cMterb 4yBiaTb, mto npfi pliuieuiH no- 
io^HbiX'b BoapocoBi*, Hc MimaeTT) HHor4a npiiiiRMaTb bt* coo6pa- 
SKeeie Hapo4HbiH xapaRxep'b, aHaJorniecRifl HB^ieHia 4pyraro spe- 
MeHR M npu 4pyrBXi> o6cToiiTejbCTBax'b. 

Kor4a HancaaBb. JIpocjiaBiiMb B-b 1068 r. npiiBeji7> na aeMJio 
KieBCKyio vliixoB-b, to KieBJAue noc^ajH cRaaaTb ero dparbaifb, 
RHaabflM'b CBHTocjaBy h BceB0j04y: aa noB4eTa bi> ropo4T» oxaa 
CBoero; ame an ne xoiera, to HaMi> hcboja: aametim rpadh ceoU^ 
emyfiUM^ »« rpemtcKyfo sejufon (P. Ji. I, 74). 

B'b 1174 r. Bbiui.ia h31i BejiBKaro HoBaropo4a 0411a napTifl 
ero iKuiejeif , cnycTHjacb no Bojiri> 40 KaMbi h ocHOBaja nocejie- 
Bie oa 6epery en. Boo4ymeB4AeMb]e HcejauieMi»« cTOJb npupoH«- 
4euHb]Mi» PyccROMy, (CHOBbixx aeMJUiJi'b OTbicRHBaTb», anycTyio 
aeHJK) B'b HCRByinyio dojhhtb». ao4MHHBjiB ce6ii BoTflROBb, oB^ia- 
4'fc^H ropo40M'b BflTROH), 3aBejR BTh dTOMTi Kpa'fa H 4pyrin noc^je- 
Bifl, ocHOBajH iiOBbifi ropo4i> XjibiHOirb B npBHAB'b Ri> ce6i^ mho* 

FHX^ ^BBHCRBX'b }KaTe4eH, o6pa30Ba4fl CaMOCTOflTeJbHyK) o6mHHy, 

ROTopan B npocymecTBOBajia TaRi> OKoao 4Byx^ coti» ceMH4ec>iTH 
ocbMB j'feT'b9«Ra6jio4a)i o6bmaH HoBoropo4CK]e, noBHHyacb cauoB- 

HBKaMTi B36BpaeMblM'b B 4yX0BeHCTBy» (Kap.)« .IliTOnHCIJlbl coBpe- 
MeUHbie HB CjlOBa ue ynOHBHaK)TT> 06'b 9T0M1> OpOBCHleCTBiH. 

He ua40 3a6b]BaTb, hto 6oAp'e HauiB BecbMa 4opo;KtiJB CBouM'b 
npaBOM-b 0Tb'fc34a. 

KosaKB AsoBCRie, &ferjbie PyccRie J104R9 DpBX04iiTi>iBM'bcT'fe 
cb TaTapaMfl rpa6flTb Poccjio. 

TIjaHo-KapaBuu, orojo 1 247 r. npo'taHcaBifliii 3eM.iH> IIojoBeu- 

yn. sah. — cji. 5 



66 B. B. JAMAHGRArO, 

Ryio, roBopfl 0AHa»c4bi o HcecTORocTH BacRaROBi>, zawtmjTb: maim 
OHU ucmpe6ujiu eedunoe hucm PyccKuxb^ Muemuxt m» dtjuib Hojkh 

KapaMSHH'B, vh o4HOM'b n^'h ^paroa'feHHifiinHX'b cbobyii opH- 
uiRaHifi, 3aM^rBjn>: allyTeuiecTBeHHHRx XIII B., Py6pyRBBCXt CRa- 
abiBaerb, 4to tte9K4y Boaroio h ^obomi» ikbjb iiBorie Pycctde^ 
AjaucRie« BeerepcRie bjh BaiDRBpcRie paa^OBBBRB, cocTaB4flfl 
RdRib 6bi Hapo^'B oco6euflbiii (cM.«ro Voyage b'B BepsKep(m. co6p. 

CTp. 20 B 38): B'fcpOilTHO, ITO ORB BMeflyiOTCfl Kh HaiBBXl* jiTO- 

DBCiixTi EpodnuKOMu^ TO ecTb 6podjitaMU^ cBOJOibiOD' (II lip. 302, 
CM. Ill, npHM. 164 B 304). 

B'b XII B. PyccRBMi Tim* Jierne 6hUo cejBtbCii b^ dewA'h 
ObjioBeuRoi, mo TaMi> MorjB 6biTb nocejeHia PyccRin b aecbua ae- 
Majo3Ba*iBTejbHbifl, CO BpeMCB'B RBHHcecTsa TMyTapaRBHCRaro* bmb 
ROToparo BT» nocji^Hifi pasi* ynoMBHaerca aainBuiB j'^TonacBiifl 
noA-h 1094 r. 

B-b TMyTapaKaBB b oRpecTHOcTBxii 40Ji»cBbi 6b]JB 6biTbnoceje- 
fliii PyccRiB euie B-b X b., Ror4a Bja4BMip'b D0CJajii> Ty4a cbiaa 
CBoero McTBCJiaBa, ROTopbifi oro.io 1022 r.xo4Bj'b aaKacoroBx « 

ao6i4Bj|'b HX1>, npOHHRIb Kh BX'b 3eM4IO B aajtOTKAJ-b Ha HBX'b 4aBb. 

no o6iTy, 4aBB0My au'b oepe4'b 6btboio, oai* nocTpoBwii> b-b TMy- 
TapaRauB uepKoeb — aaa^ioHca iiepaoBb cBflTbia Boropo4Biia, h 
co34a 10, nHce cTOBTb a 40 cero 4He TMyTapoRauBD. 

IIo4'b 1023 r. roBopBT'b .A'fcTonacea'b, hto IIcTacjiaBi> xo4BJ'b 
aa flpocjaaa cb XosapaMB b Kacoraiia; a boai* 1024 r., hto 
McTBCjaB'b npamej'b b3b TMyrapaRaaii wh Kieaii, ao KieBj^ae ero 
ae npaaaaa a oaii y4ajBjicH b'b HepaaroB'b, flpocjiaB'b aye 6hiJth 
Tor4a B'b HoBtropo4t. EtpBaaaB-b R-b ce^i Baparooi B3i>-3a Mopa, 
Qome^'b oB'b apoTBB-b IMfbTacaaBa, KOTopbia BbimeJfb bbtb aa BCTptny 

RX .iBCTBeBy.qTO aa p.Py4i, 64B3T» rop04HB. McTBCJiaB'b aOCTaBB4'b 

CtBep8ai»Baepe4B,a aanpaBOMi> a ji'j^BOM'b apbui cbok) 4py»cBay. 
Bt> 6ypayio, rposayio aoqb aaaaaajocb cpaweaie. Ciaepaae aa- 
HBJB 6BTbca ch BaparaiiB a mhofo bxi najo ; Tor4a McTBCjaBib 
ooBeji> CBOK) 4py>RBay aa BaparoB'b a b36b41» bxi>. Hpocaasi 
6bi4'b paadarb a 6i»ca4'b B'b HoBropo4'b. yTpoM'b, 06x04a nojie 
6BTBbi, cRa3a4i> McTBC4aB%: «RTo ceaiy He pa4'b? ce jeacaTb Ct- 
Bepaaaa'b, a ce Baparb, a dpyoicuHa ceon i^rbM». McxacjaB^b no- 



O CJABHHAXl) Rl> MAJOil A3lil, Bl» A^^PHR-fi n Bl> HCnAHIH. 67 



cjaji> GRaaaTb flpocxaB^: ucbau b-b cBoeifb Kbiefl'fc^ tm eca cTa- 
piiiuiifi 6paT'b« a MU'b 6^40 ch ctopoua^. BpaibB oombph^hcb h 
flpocjaBTb dkji» B% KieB'fc, a McTiicjaBi> bi> HepHHroe'fe. ti. pa34'ikjii jb 
ywe Bi> 1025 r. no ^JlHtopii PyccRyio seM^io, aflpocjaBi> apiH cio 
cTopoey, a McTBCjaB'b ooy; a uaqacxa 3Khtb iiapHO a fii» 6paTOjifo6- 
cTBii, H ycTayGo6Biia A MATe3Kb« b 6bicTb rauiB^a BejBKa bi> 3eM^B». 

Bi.lOSI r. yMep'B cub'b McTHC^aBOB-B £BCTa«i»]fi, aB%1036r. 
caM-B UcTBCjaB'b. <(Uo caid'h »ce nepen BjiacTb ero bck) Hpocjas-b, 
H 6b]CTb caMOB•lacT^^b PycbCTtfi 3eM4B». 

TaT9uieBi»v B'ibpoaTHO ocaoBbiBaacb ua bcto^uur'!^, 40 uacb ue- 
40iDe4aieiii>9 sautTBj'b, ^to EBcraoia yuep-b b'b TMyTapaRaaa. 

B> Qpo40JH{eHie ii^b^aro pfl4a ro40B'B , jixooBCb Moa^iarb 
Tu)'TapoRaBB a lOAhKo 004i> 1064 r. npepbiBaeTCn ea MOJiqaHie, 
Ror4a roBopBTca B'b qeii o 6'6rcTB'b bi> TuyTapoRaub PocTBCjasa, 
cuHa B4a4BMip0Ba, BiiyRa flpocjiaBOBa; ct» BBni'b C^tkbaia nopi^a 
B BbimaTa « cbia-b OcrpoMapa , BoeB04bi lIoBropo4CKaro« Htrb 
coMHtaiA , OB-b apamej'b bi> TBiyTapoRdHb ci> dojie bjb Meaie 
3fla(|HTej[bBMiiB cfljiaBiB: a a opBuie4i> Bbiraa Fjitda as'b TmyTapo- 
Raufl, a cavb ct4e bt* aero m^ctoo. Bi> tom'b me bjb bi» c.it4yio- 
meMb 1065 r. Kaaab HepaaroBCKifi CBaTO(uaBi> flpocjaBBHb no- 
mejii B'b TMyTapoRBBb aa PocTac^aaa, 4To6bi caoaa noca4BTb Ty4a 
cbiua CBoero Fj'feda. PocTHCJaBii Bbiniea'B as'b ropo4a ae bs'b 
6o8aHB« bo ae xotb no4b]MaTb opyHcia npoTBBi> CBoero 4fl4a. Cba- 
TocjaBi Bomea'b B'b TMyrapoKaab, noca4HJ'b caosa cbiaa CBoero 
r4t6a a aopoTBjcfl aa3a4'b B'b HepaaroBii. PocTacjaa'b Bcpayjica 
Bi TjMyTapoRaab , Bbiraaji> r4'fe6a, KOTopbiH y4ajBJCA R'b cBoeMy 
oTiiy, a caoBa ctjib KaaacBTb B'b TMyTapoKaaa* 

Ilo4'b 1065 r. alxonaceu'b nepe4aeT'b aan-b CA^AytomVA pa3- 
cKasi: «PocTacjiaBy cymy TMyrapoRaaa, a eMJiomy 4aab yKacorb 
B wh aatx^b cTpaaax'b, cero ace ySoaBmeca Tpbna, nocjama ch 
jecTbiO KoToaaaa; oaoaiy ace npBaie4aiy R-b PocxacjaBy a aat- 
pafiinycfl eMy, ixamexb a Pocxac4aB'b». Ho axox'B Koxonaa'B no4- 
Hecb eMy fl4y a, y'fci;aBi> bi> Xepcoab, o6i>flBB j-b, qxo Raasb Pocxh- 
uas-b yMpexib bi> aaatcxabiS 4eBb; xaRi* a cayqajocb. c<Cero ace 
Katonaaa nodama RaMeabCM'b Kopcyabcxia ^f04a». — 

Gil ^ef^Of capainaBaexca , 6bi4o Xepcoauaii'b ncxaxb aa Pocxa- 
caaBa, ec4B oaa ae 6bi4a eiiy npe4aabi B'b aaB'bcxHofi cxeneaa? 

* 



68 



B. H. JAMAUCKArO^ 



He BBHcy p-feQinTejibMo HHRaKoro ocuoB%uifl oTsli^aTb oTpHoa* 
TejibHO aa Bonpocb: He 6buo jh bi» Xepcout XI b. hjh e.ro OKpecT- 
HOCTflX'B PyccKofi CTBxin, PyccRHxi> aocejeiiiS? Cuouieuiii Pycn 
ci* nojyocTpoBom* TaBpHMecKHMi) bii Xll b. 6bMu npo^Hbia h 
QOCTOAHHbja: TaK'b Ty4a inejib irsBiicjHbiH CodHHtiA nymt^ Huor/ta 
TpeBOHCBMuii riojoBuaMH u Aoporo, KBfl3bAMn*uamnMa tcbBHHUii *• 
Bi> XllI Bm KaK'b Mbi yme BBA'kiH, obiJB aoce^euifl. PyccKifl 
ua oo^yoctpoBi, no Kpa&uocTR bi> rop. Kpbint. Or^iero ae Morjo 
6b]Tb BX-b B'b Xll B.y Kor4a Pycb Beja cb KpuMOMi* cHomeuia 
6e3iipepbiBUbia? Ctftio ^yMarb, hto b B'b XI b bii X B. CAaBane 
PyccKie lie MeBi»e sacTo 6biBaAB ua noAyocTpoBt. DpB ceuik bbao 
ooMUBTb PyccRie AoroBopbi^ cb FpeicaMB u uoxoA'b Bja4>Mipa ua 
Kopcyub. BbiCAyujaBi» Bct uu'fcBia oTopaBAeHUbixii Bm Ai04ea 
4Afl y3uaHia AyHmea atpbi, a ocTaaoBBBUiBCb uaRoueivb aa Tpe- 
^ecKoi], BABABAiipii, DO C40Baiii> AtrooBCB, cnpocBAi* doapit: er^t 
Kpemeaie DpiuMeM'b?» obb ace peRouia: «rAb tb AKi6o», «b MBuyB- 
luy AtryBAe BoAOABuep'b (988) Cb bob uaKopcyab^fpaA'b Tpe^ib- 
cKiiiy B aaTBopamaca Kopcyaaae wk rpaAi; a cxa BoAOABMepi* 
o6i» oiii> DOAii ropoAa vh jBiieBBv Aavia rpaAa crp'Liflme eABao, 
a 6opaxyca apiuRo b3i> rpaAa, BoAOABScp-b Hce od-bcroa rpaAT*. 
, MaueMOHtaxy Bb rpaAi AiOAbe, a pene BoAOABMepii ri* rpaacauau-b: 
aatufi cH He edacmef umom^ cmokmu u aa 3 Aihtnan^ Oua ace ae 
iiocAyiuaina Toro, BojuABMepb. ace aapaAa Bot cBoi, a noBeAi 
npacny cbinaTB ri> rpaAy* CaM-b ace CDyiuBM'b, Kopcyaaae noAi*- 
RonaBuje crbay rpaAbCRyio, RpaAyme cbiuAeMyio nepcTb,B aoaiaxy 
Rii coot Bi> rpaAi>9 cb]OAK)iue nocpeAt ipaAa; Boaaa ace npacbi* 
oaxy 604^9 a BoAOAB&iep'b CToauie. H juyotcb KopcyHjmuHb cmpnuu, 
UMHttcMb Hacmact^ nancaw catfe na cmpitAib: ^km^hm no/ce eymt aa 



1. aBjoaRH Borb B'b eepAue fttbCTHCjasy BaflcjaBBiy aiui'jb 6jary o PjrccRofi 
8611411, aaHcvce eb xoTjiiue Ao6pa bchmi* cep4iieM'b; h cobbb 6paTbio dkom h oawi 4y- 
■aTN Cb BHiiH, peca HVb TtKo: «6paTbel oo»a4bTecB o PyccKoll aoMjH b o csoett ot- 
miHt B 4t4HB^, ose aecyTb xpecTbaau aa BcaKO 4tToy B^vb cbob. a cb aaMB pory 
B3BM;iioHe, Bcer4a nepecTynaioqe; a y»e y aacb b Tpe^ibCKiil nyrb Ba-bOTBMaioTb, n 
Co4fli|biB, B 3a4oauuB; a 4ino bu 6bi4o, 6paTbe, Bi*3pfl<ie bb Boxik) noiio^b b bb mo- 
jBTBy caaTO'b Boropo4Biuii oobcrbtb oreub cbohxii b 4'b4'b CBoax'b nyrB b <iecTB». 
(P. A. II, 97). diMojNMM n^mb tueji-h^ uo BoeH b^poAtboctm, bb laro^BocTOK'b, na 
ICaBRaa^, 



O UABABAXX Kh MAAO& ASIH, B^ A4»PHK'B U B^ HCOAUIH. '69 



moSok) om^ eocmoKa, tjm tnmo eoda udemb no miiySih; Kona/&6 ntpe^ 
UM»%. BojioduMept one ce cubtiu(Mh^ Boap^B-b ua eeoo, pe<ie: «ame 
ce cfl c6yAeTb9 b cau'b ch Rpemy». Kopcyub d^M-b BaflTb h OTopaB- 
Aeuo nocojibCTBO Ri» BacHjiiK) h KoucTaHTuuy ci» npocb6oio o 
pyirfe aapeBUbi Auhu. IIo4po6uofeTii , ci04a OTHocamiflCH , ciHin- 

KOirb XOpOIDO HaB^CTUbl KaTKAOUy. BcnOMUHM-b TOJibRO, ITO 

Bja4iiMip'b Ha3biBaeTi> Xepcoub <i(rpa40MT» cjaBHbiM'b*, hto bi> 
Uaperpa4'feY y&ibH€4afl uapeBHy ABuy aoiiTB 3a B4a4Biiipa, roso- 
pajR eii Me3K4y npoHBM'b : ^eudumu jm koaioco 3Mi comeopuma Pycb 
FpeKOMb^. C4i40BaTejbB0 o6dia4aBiioXepcoBeH'brpeRH npB4aBaJB 
Be4BKoe aBaneaie! B4a4Bifip'b, no cioaaub .fbTonBcaa, RpecTUJca 
WTh uepRBB Cb. BacBjia, au ecmt t^Ku ma cmoHuau eb Kopeyuih 
tpadrb, Ha Mihcmib nocpedu tpadUy vdihotce moptn dtbiomb Kopcynme; 
noMma oice bouodujuepH co Kpan t^pnee cmoumb u do ceto ()/i/i, a 
t^apumtHO^ nouama da oAmapejwan, 

Bja4BMip'b, oTopaB^aacb bi» Pycb^ BSfldi. ex co6oio aapauy, 
«ii Hacmaea, u nonbi KopcynbCKu, ch mouiub CBAxaro KaaueBTa b 
4»B<»a9 yneHBRa ero, uoBua ci>cy4bj uepROBbUbia, broum na 6jaro- 
c^oBCBbe ce6^. Uocmaifu otce i^Koeb 60 Kopcynib na topfb, fOiHce 
etcHnoiua cpedtb tpada^ Kpadytufi npucny^ jutce uepnu cmoumb u do 
cew diie». 

EcJB^q^TaXb , MTO HeCTOp'B OROHHBXb CBOH) ^'^TOOHCb Bl> 

1 1 1 2 r., TO cjii4>'eTb BenpeMtBBO 3aRjiOHaTb,«iTo ne TojbROB'b Ban. 
XU Bm ho b B'b XI B., cHomeuia Py cb Cb KpuMOM-b 6bMH 6e3npepbiB- 

Hblfl« BBa^e 6bl HeCTjOpnb He rOBOpBai* BCR0Jb3b B IIBU0X040M'b o 
TOM'b, HTO Bl> XepCOB'fe TO-TO H T0-*TO aCTOBT'b B 40 CCPO 4Ue)). 

Euy B vh rojOBy ae npHxo4BJio, hto HBTare jb cTaaerb 3aa0403pB- 
BaTb ero aaBtcTie; obi> 6bM'b y6iHC4eH'b, hto RaH;40iiy jierRo 
npoB-bpBTb ero caoaa. Tohho B'b raROMii »ce Toet coo6iub4i> obi* 
(M'b4yioaiee BSBtcrie o6i> 04brf>: a^oBHiua ea cyxb no aceii 
aeiLiB, 3HaMaHbfl b. ooBocTbi, ft eanu ee cmonmb en IIuecKoeib u do 
eeto dne, h ao 4B'i^Dpy nepeaiseHrma b do ^ecH-b, u'ecmb ceAO ee 
OjUtOtcuHU u docejiwrt. 

Bi> HacToaiiiee BpeMa, Ror4a HecoMuiiHHo BSBicTHO, ^to aa 
404ro 40 npBHflTiA xpBCTiaucTBa* Bja4BMipoii'b , B'b Kies'b y»ce 

aSHJiO MHOrO XpuCTiaH'b, H'brb BOSUOH^HOCTB eOMH'fcBaTbCA, <IT06bl 

Bi» BoficR'b B.4a4BMipa, ci> RoropbiMb obi> noiuexb aaXepcoHb, He 



70 B. n. dIAMAHCRArO, 

6bMO 6bl XpHCTiaUl> H apHTOMl» Jf04efi rpaMOTHblXl». ^OBOJbHO 

BCDOMHHTb 4oroBopbi PyccRBx-b c% rpeRaMH 911, 945 H 971 r., 

n04^HHB0CTb ROTOpUX'b HeCOMH'fcHHa ; OBB y6t^HTeJbB0 40Ra3b1- 

BaioT'b 6biTHocTb Ha- PycB X B. xpycTiau'b b awab^ rpaMOTBbix'b^ 

HecTop'b pa3CRa3biBaeTii, ^to Hacracb KopcyHflBBU'b Hanucoji^ 
M nycTH4ii CBoe oocjiaHie co crpijoio bi* aarepb PyccRia. Mu ae 
BMtejtf'B BBRaRoro ocHoeaBiB yTsepxc^aTb, >ito HccTop-b 9To apo- 
HcmecTBie BbJ4yMa4'B« «Bo^o4HMep'b >Ke ce cjibimaBi>9 — Bja4ii-' 
Mipy npoHJB, TaRT> rbri* OB'S 6biJ'b BerpaMOTeH'b. 

34'fcCb 00360410 Ce6'fe daM-fcTBTb^, HTO 00X04^ Bdia4BBlipOBrb Ha 

m 

XepcoHb B-b 988 r. aenpeMtBuo 40JiaceHi> 6bi«i'b 6biTb npnroTOB- 

JeU-b Il'klblM'b pB40M'B 40JrRX'b B qaCTblXX, RaRl» Bpa9R4e6HbIXli, 
TaR'b R MBpHblXli CBOmeHlH CjaBBH'b PyCCRBXl* Cb DOJyOCTpOBOVl* 

TaBpn^ecRiiM'b. SCflxie Cb. CTe<i»aHa CypoHccRaro, coxpaHHBioee 
HaBTb 4paroutBuoe BdB-bcrie o rpa^eHcaxi* HoBropo4CRaro(?) rhbsb, 
onycTomaBmaro mIvCTb OT'b KopcynB 40 Kepiu h o ero 00x04*6 Bi* 
do^boiuxik cHjaxi) ua Cyponcb, 0Dpe4tjHeT'b 4060JbH0 npR6iB3H- 
TejbBO B caMoe speMA aroro noxo4a, 8aMt«iaflt ^to aro opoBCxo- 
4HJ0 ano CMepTH CBflTaro Majo A'bvh MaflyBaiR». H^BTie aepe4aerb, 
HTO DopaffceoHbiii «iy40Mi>v HoBropo4CRifi ROiisb RpecTB^CB y apxie- 
OHCROoa 4>B4apeTa, npeeMHHRa.CTe<i>aHOBa. Ci* RBB3eMi> RpecTB- 
jBCb H rjtaAbie H3x ero 4i04eii. 

Do^iTeHHbiii, MuoroyBaHcaeMbitt aBTop'b HcTopia PyccRoii Uep- 
RBB (XapbROBi) 1849. Hep. I, cTp. 6), coodpaaBBi), ^to CxeoaHi. 
CROB^ia^cii OR. 750 r. R qro 4>HwaapeTii 6biA% ero opeeMHHROM'B, 
BecbMa ocBOBarejibBO saR^fOHB^i'b, ito coduxie aro 40jaKBo 6bMo 

, OpOBCX04Htb OROJO 755 T. 

Htrb coMHiHJB, mo bii Depio4'b BpeMeoR OT'b 755 40 988 r. 

PyCCRie BMi^B CT> KpUMOM-b CflOmeBiB Be04H0RpaTHbIfl, He TOJbRO 

BpaHC4e6Hbifl, HO b MupBhia. 3a 40jro 40 AcR0Jb4a u ^Inpa xo4b- 
JH G^aeflHe PyccRie 00 HepHouy Mopio bi» Uaperpa4'b, ^to Bfl4Ho 
H3'b 4peBHflro oojyuHeBHecKaro Dpe4aBiii, coo6meBBaro aaMit He- 
cTopoMii o Ki'Jk, ocHOBBTe^t Kiesa. H^'h cjobx ero BHAaxb, 4to 
dTO npe4aBie 6buo aecbMa pacopocrpaBeHO bi> ero epeMB, hbcto 
Hapo4uoe H BMtcTt ci> TtM'b BBCbMB 4peBflee. KaRii o^aBaaa Caa- 
BBBe PyccRie eme B-b IX b. bi* KacoificROArb Mopt, noctmajin Peft 
H 6ar4a4'b« rbri* Topro^JiH a bshjb B'b Uaperpa4t bi X^ a ko- 



O CJABHHAXl* Bl> IfAJOfi A3IH, B^ A^^PHR'B B Bl> RCnAHlil. 71 
Be«lBO B Bl IX B. , URli X04B3B B'b X B BT> IX B. B Bl» Kpbllfl>, 

ToproBaJti H SKB^B Bi> Heiii>. KaiTb 4peBe«'b 6biJii FpeHecKiU nymb^ 
TaR-b T01H0 B 4opora B'b KpbiH-b, CMHHbiit nymb, 

CRBHcy 6o4ie: no Moeuy muzhik), secbMa Btponrao npe4D040- 
acBTb o HiKOTopbix'b DocejieHiflX'b PyccRBxi) B^KpbiMy40 988 r., 
Ao ooxoAeL B«ia4BMipa ea XepcoBb. Bi) to speMfl aa nojyocTpoB'b 

B4a4BMip'b BM^a-b CBOBXli CTOpOHBBKOB'b, KOTOpbie HOpOBBJlH 

B DQBiora.xB eMy, ^ro oTKpbiBaeTca mi> ero yrpoau rpasK- 
4aHaM'b XepcoBCKHM'b , B'b cjynai, ecjB ohb ue G4a4yT'b eMy 
ropo4a9 TO OHi* bpoGTOBT'b Tyrb B TpB jtxa^^ aaiufi ch ne edacme^ 
UMcum cmoHtnu u aa 3 Arbtnan. HacTacb KopcyHflUHH'b ae MorT> a 
uo4yMaTb 061* BdMiai ceoeMy ropo4yt ec^a 6bi oa'b ae BM^j-b bb- 
RaRBXi* noBATiB o B4a4BMip'fc, ero 4io4flxi>. BecbMa BtpoATao, 
<iToHactaci> 6hijrb cawh PyccRifi bjb CjiaBflaaa-b, npoHCBBaBmiit bi* 
XepcoB'b, xpacTiaaBB-b b rpaMorabifi, aaaBmiO, mto bx cTaa'fe Baa- 
4Biiipa 6bi4B TaRie Hce xpacTiaae b TaRie me rpaMOTBbie 4104B9 

RaRli B OB'b CaMTi. 

B'b 4paroi]i'6aBOM^ IlaaaoacROM'b HCBaaeoDHcaaia KoacTaaTaaa 
<t»fl40co<i»a, Haxo4BTca o4ao B3BtcTie. 40 cax-b aopi* ae o6T>flcaea- 
Boe 40CTaT0«iB0 a r^wb ae Meaie BasKaoe OTaocaTejbao Boapoca 
aacb aaaaMaiomaro. B'b 6biTaocTb cb. KoacTaaTaaa bi> Xepcoai, 

OB'b BCTp'&TB4Cfl TaM'b Cb PyCCRBM-b XpBCTiaaflaOM'b B Hame^'b 

eBaareaie U aca^tbipb, oacaiiabifl no pyccRB. Botti aro ao44BBaoe 
B3B'fecTie: «I3 o6ptT »ce KoacTaaTaa-b Toy eyamejiie u ^a^Tapb 
PoymbCRbiMB (= PocbCRbi a PyccRbiMa) nacHeabi nacaao, a qe- 
40BiRa o6p'iTb rjiarpaioma toh) 6e€'ib40fo , a 6ec'b40BaB'b (= 6e- 
dk40Ba) 9b BBMb, a CBJoy pi.<iB npieMb, cBoea 666^4*1^ npflRja4ae 
pa3JBHla nacbMoa-b ( = paaaaqaaii nacbMeaa), r^acaaa b cbrja- 
caaa, b R-b Boroy MOJBTBoy 4pb»ce (aap. TBopa), a BCRopb aaieTi* 
qacTB a CRaaoBaTB. H 4BB4flxoy ce euoy, Eora XBa4eme»^ 



1. fl. H. Cpe8Be«cRitt tiecbva, no-Moeiiy, ocBOMreJbHO ■ ocrpoyaiuo Boapasaj^ 
nia^apfiKj Ba to, qro PyccKin nucbMena bth — roTecRifl hjh BapjirO'PyccRifl, a bo 
Ctauiiciriji. nByjih srorb PyccRitI b8uri», roBOpaTi* aamib ao*iTeHBUft CJaaBBBcrB, 
■e GiBBiiBCRoe Hapt<rie, a RaRoe Bn6jAh ■lyaroe , OTjumsoe ne o^anM'b Buronopon 
cJORik, KoBCTaBTMB'fc Be MOFii 6bi Cb nepsaro pasy BcrynBTb B'b pearoaop'b ci» Pyo-^ 
cnnrb ■ cnpiBiiTb cuy pft^iBo crb ojmon noHomlR) cpaBBeBiA bb cb oBosH'b Bpn- 
po^aAiirb BBbWOirb -^ cb caoeio 6ectA0», san'feqaB otjibhib npoBSBOuieBiB eayROB'b 
rjacBbix'b ■ corjacBux'b. nps btomi*, 6ea'h coMBtBia, BaAo6Bo 40oycTMTb npeAnojo- 



; 



72 B. R, JAMAHCRArO*, 

CovepcneaHo He3aBiiCBMbiM'b DyreM-B npiriiie4infi rib npe4noj(H 
»ceHiio, Becbua BikpoflTHOMy, o tom'b, tto ua noJiyocTpoBi TaspHqe- 
CKOMi> Morja npoxcBBaTb Ciasaue PyccKie b xpHcriaue rk X u 
4a2Ke Bi* IX B*, Mbi HaxOiiiiM'b HSBtcTie o Toifb, ^ro B% Qepsofi 

nOJK)BHBt IX B. KoHCXaHTRBli . 4»BJ0C0<t»l» HaQie4'fc Bl> XepCOH'fe 

o4Uoro PyccKat'i CuaeAHUHa^ y KOToparo BB4tji']» eeaBrejie b ncdji- 

Tbipb, DBCaBBfolA PyCCKUMU nUCbMeNOMU^. 

npH3Baiocb, ue BBHcy BBKaKoil Hea6xo4BMocTB oTBepraxb 
noKa 6e3ycaoBuo Bce aro Micro; 4obojii»uo xojbRo BCBOUBBTb* mo 
3a4oaro 40 KBpfl^^a flMeeo4iA CjiaBMue opBBBMajH xpBcriaBCTBO, 



seaie, <ito npBpo4iiuiii» bsukomi* KoHCTaHmHa fiujii hsukii CjOBBHCKilt, opeADOJiO' 
iKenie BopoHeu-b coBepiueiiuo yxliCTuoe,' Aoi.-aabiBaeiioe opJiaiubHOCTiio cjOBocomtBe- 
Bin H CdioBOH3MtBeBiii Bi* ApenB^HtDHX-h TeKCTarb Hreniil eBaBrejbCKHx-b. Ecjb mv 40- 
DjrcTBTb, 4TO HOAi* HMeBeini PyccKdro aauKa BCMaueoDBcaTeJb paayMlJ'b 04BO h8% 
Bap'feHiii HtaieuKHx-b, h BMiicrb cb rtMi* aaajii, o neii'b roBopHj-b, to b DpHpu^BUu-b 
BauKOM-K KoucTaBTHBa iia40<5uo CHBraxb HtneiiKiii, — b^b me no KpaftaeM Mtpt Ba- 
4o6ao oT4'k^HTb, Kabii nosdutiiniyio BCTaBKjr, BupaaieBiB: «CBoeB6ec1b4^ npBR4a4aef 
paajMqJH iincbMeB'b raacaaa b cbraacBaan. (Baa. II 0t4. Ar. H. T. I. C. 296). lIoaBO- 
4flio ceiSt.apBfia^iiTb a4tcb, hto hi* Tovb C4y*ia'b, ecau Pycacin nucbMena — Bapa«- 
CKia B4B rorecRia, to Ba4oABO 0T4'b4BTb. RaKii iioa4Btlliuyv> BCTaaay, a cuoaa: «rH 
Cec-hAonaBT, Cb uBHik b cB4y p'bqB npieM-bi) — xaRii KaR-b KoBCTaBTaa-b ^Bjoco^'b, 
6i^ji-h 4H OB-b rpeh"b HJB CjaBRBHB-b, BC vorb Secibdoeamb no-HrbMevfcu^ u tbrIi cRopo 
npinmb cujty prtHu. Ecaa cnararb R034B'fettujeK) BcraaRoio BCt btb ciobb b Bbipave* 
BIB, to u Bch .npe4'bB4ymifl C40Ba — raaaB me scTaaKa; aaaqe bi* ueA b&tii bb- 
RBRoro CMUCJa. flo^reBBbui npo^eccop'b TopCKiil opBnacuBaer'b aro ii1>cto Pyo- 
CKoay BjiBfiiio a no34B'biiiueMy Bpeaeiia. E4Ba 4b ae4b3B Be ycoaaRTbCB a'b aoa- 
MoacBOCTB Ror4a 4b6o 40Ka3aTb BeonpoBepa[BMuaa 40B04aMa, "ito 8to m^cto — 
npocToM BbiMucejik. ,4onycTBB'b aro nocii4aee, ace-Taaa aa40 corjacarbca, hto 
Bbi4yMaTb 8T0 Mor-b TOJbuo 04HBb PyccKili; Bojrapaay aae aanp. BBKor4a aroro 
Be Morjo npB4TB a'b roaoay. M^cto bto 04BaK0 Baxo4BTCB ae TO4bR0 a'b PyccKHX'b 
caacRax-b TKuria Kapajjoaa, uo a B'b Bo.irapcKoa'b, aMe^^o PbUbCROMi* XV b'^rb. 
Upaaoaucaaie noc4t4iiBro e4ua jb co4epataTb aaaie jb0o aaaeRB aa PyccKoe 
" BJiBBie, aa PyccRoe nucbMu. 0. M. Bii4flBCRiB nojiaraerb, mto 8to aaa-facTie bu- 
/tyaauo bo apeaa «BlipoMcnoB'k4uoit 6opb6u PyccKax-b cb 3aDa4uuvB coiueaeaaa- 
Raaaa. (O Bpea. Bao6p'feT. Cjaa. aacbx. C. LVil. Upaa. 97). 

1. Htri* BBKaKoii Beo6xo4HaocTa no.iaraTb, <ito to 6bi40 ut4oe eBaarejie, iifr- 
4uik ncajiTupb. Hejbaa a4tcb ae DuMHBTb, hto xpacTiaacTBo ctbjio paciipucTpaiiBTbCB 
y C4aBBai> 3a404ro 40 IX a., hto jILt. MeacaftopcR. Ea. roaopaT-b o Bepaep'b (oko40 
1101 r.j: «Libros 9chla?oaicae linguae aibi fieri jussit, ut laUnae linguae charactere 
idiomata linguae ScblaTorum exprimereU. A upo CTaprpa4c«raro rsam. Bpyuo (ok. 
1156 r.) y BD4pa4eit roBopaT'b re4bM04b4'b: «Quibua aacerdos Dei Bruno juxta ere- 
diiam aibi le^fatlonem sufficieuter adminislravit verbum Dei, babeua sermuuea cuur 
acrjptos Terbis slavicis, quos proDun( iaret opportune^. Ilai* Bli4p'b ace BOCTOHBuii aep- 
RBB vorJB aa404rQ 40 IX b. Bbixo4aTb DpoooBt4BaRa (caaa.ve Kpeuieaue Caaaaae) 
a no4b30BaTbCB Bapo4ubiab caoaoai*. Uo4Bai'b cb, GjaaBacaax'b aaocT04ua% ttm^ 
BB 0RO4bR0 ue yaaJBOTCB. . 



O CJABflUAX'b Wh MA.IOfi ASIH, 61> A4>PHK^ H BX HCHAHIH. 73 

BN-kjH DBcbMeuuocTb, yuoife&jiRjiH oco6bifl HepmM upib3bi^ Fpe^ 

HeCKlH U PUMCKtH m4CbM€Ha. BoraTCTBO H O^pa6oTaMH0CTb l]3bl,Ka 

naiiiflTUHKOBi* CjaBAHCRHxi) IX B., 40ii]e4UiHXi> 40 uac'b Bi> cau- 
cRax'B XI B., D03Bo»iflioTi» RaHceTCii ape4aoji03KHTb nepio4nb 60- 
A'he BAH Meete caa6bix'b nonbiTOR'b, ee ocTaBuiHxcfl 04uaRo 
6e3i> nocj'ik4CTBifi a QpiiroTOBHBuiBxi) iiBtTyiKeev Oo HCTaH'b uay- 

MBTe^bHOe COCTOHuie GjiaBBBCKOfi Dp03bl IX B X B. 

KaR-b 6b] TO UB 6buo, uo PyccRifl nocejieaia ua nojyocTpoB'fe 
TaBpaqecROAfB bx XI b., RaKi> Hejb3fl,6o4te BipoHTBbi. KuiiHce- 
GTBo TuyTapoRaHCRoe DOJb3oua^ocb bi> to BpeMB Be MadbiMb aaa- 
"leBieAfb: «PoCTBCjaBy cymy TBiyTopoRaBB ^ b esiaiiomy 4aflb y 
Kacorb u «5 unnx^ cmpanaocb, ceto OKe y6oHemecH rptifun. FpeRB 
no4ocvia^B KaTonaaa, KOTopbiii b OTpasBwi-b KBfla^ PocTBCJaaa. 
ccCero Hce KaTonaua nodBOia RaMeBbei^i> KopcyabCTia Ji04be» \ — 

Cat4yiomee 3a TtMi> B3BtcTie B-b Bauieu ^iTODaca TiuyTa- 
poRaufl CTOBT'b no4'b 1078 r* 

«C'fc4e Eopacii HepauroB-fa Mtc. uaii 4 4eab, a 6biCTb rba- 
3KeabA eto 8 4aiM, a 6'kiKe TMyTopoRaHio R'b FoMaaoBan. 

B^B 1078 r. Ojerii GBflTocjaBB4b, HcaBmifi 40 Toro y Bceao- 
ji04a Bit HepaaroBt, agiiHce... TMyTopoRaaion 10 Aap-fcjifl. B'b 
aToux Hce ro4y aopaBe4e Oaerb a Bopacb aoraabia^ aa^PycbCRyio 
aeujiOf a Bou40CTa aa BceB0J04a ci> Do jobub^. Ha CoHcau'ti 6bijii» 
pa36aT'b BceB0ji04'b« «a no6'b4auja Dojobub Pyci*, a Mao3a ydbeaa 
6biina Ty». Owieri) a Bopacb oTnpaBB^BCb B-b HepaaroBi*, vAh 

DbJJB 04BaR0 ae 40jir0. Ii3flCjiaBl> C'bflp0D0JR0ltel> B BceB0J04'b Cb 

B.iajBMipoM'b noinjB BCRopt apoTdBi* bbx'b. Eopacb dbunb y6aT'b9 
a OdierB aao6tHce bi> Maat 4py3Kaat, a 04Ba yTene; 6'tma TvyTo- 
poRaaio». 

IIo CMepTB Pl3flcjaBa, y6uTaro B'b sToii daTBi, BceBojo4'b, ero 
6paTb, ckji-h B'b KieB'I>9 a Cbiab uocji1]4UHro9 B4a4aiiip'b9 bi» Mep- 
BaroBi. • 



1. Ecja erne Bi XVI B. ipncTiaae KpbiMCRie sbbah no upeAaeiio MtcTO, r^'b 
■pecTH4Cii B4a4BMipii, TO uejibaa KaaRercfl coMiiliBaTbCfl. hto y PyccKHxii 'XI — XI J b. 
XepcoHb 6uait bi* BeJHKOMii noqert. KoaeHBO, Kuiisba ■ Ap. ne ocTasjAjH tbiioiubioio 
aepROBb, DOCTpoeanyK) Bdia4HHipoiii>, uh opHHoineHUMii, hh BKaauuiMH. H-bTi> aMKaxoll 
uysAu jTBepMcAaTb, mto B'b' uepKBii aroii, co Bpeueai. hAOAfAmipa^ bi Corocjyxeuia 
6u4'b upaujiT'b 1 peMecKiii, a ue CaaBjiiicKiM AauKii. 



74 B. H^ JIAMAHCKArO, 

B-h 1079 r. «npB4e PoMaa^ ch Doiobiui R'b BoHHy, BceBo- 
J04'B Hce era y nepeUcjaB^fl h CTBope Map'B ci IIojoBaH ; h bo3- 
BpaTHCfl PeMaH'b cb EIo«iobuh BcaiiTb, h ydama h Dojiobiih m^c. asr. 
2 4eHb; cyTb roctb ero h Aocej^'t TaMo jeHcane, cuHa CBHT0cjaB4fl« 
BHyKa flpocaaBJn; a Ojra eume oeTOHHuia h aa Mope Uapiorpa4y. 
BceB0Ji04'i» Hce Doca4a aoca4HHKa PaTB6opa TMyTopoKaaHn. 

B-B 1081 r. 18 UAH «6t}Ka HropeBB^b ^Bbi4i> cb Bo404a- 
peBii> PocTHCJiaBuieifbii — <kh npH40CTa TMyTopoKaHio, a Hcra 
PaTB6opa a ct4oeTa TMyTopoRauB». 

Beaii coMHtHiii, obb npfloufl BOopynceHHoio cbjoio, aaaie 
6bi BM'b He BbiniaTb 6biAo aoca4UBRa PaTB6opa, KOTopbiB KOBe«iHo 
Hce aamamajca, cjt40BaTeJbH0 BMi.i'b caMii cboio BOopy»ceuuyio 
cfljy. 

B'b 1083 r. O^er-b CBBTOcjaBaqb, apoHCBBmiii nepe4'b r^M-b na 
ocTpoB'ib Po40C'b 4Ba ro4a b 4B'6 aaMu, rbbach ri> TMyrapoRaHio b, 
RaR'b cnpaBe4jiBBo 3aMtTBai> KapaMSBB'B, oBjai'lb^ii bmii BtpoflTHo 
Cb noMomiio rpeROBi. c(IIpB4e Ojenb aa^ FpeRi* TMyTopoRaaio, 
B a ^aBbua a Boji04apfl PocTBC^aBaqa , a ci4e TMyTopoRaaa; 
B chne Koaapbi , a^e 6'fepia CBixHuaa aa ydbesbe 6paTa ero a bb 
caMorOy a ^aBbi4a a Bo«io4apB aycTB». 

HaRoueu'b nocdi4Hee B3BtcTie« BcrptqaioiiieecA Bi* Hauax'b 
•itTomicflXTi o TuyTapoRauB, cToaT'b no4i» 1094r.: «npB4B O^ierb 
ci> IIoJOBUB, aa-b TMyTopoRBBH QpB4e HepHBroBy, BoJ04BMep'b xce 
aaTBopfiCA B'b rpa4'ik« Ojien Hce npB4e rii rpa4y a ooHcxce orojo 
rpa4a, a MaaacTbipt'DOxcsKe; Boj04Biiep'b Hce CTBopa Map'B ciiO«i- 
roM'by a fl4e aaii rpa4a aa ctojx oreHb IlepeflCjaBJio, a O^er-b 
BBa4e B'b rpa4'b oiaa caoero. IIojiobiib ikg Bahama BoeaaTB orojo 
HepaaroBa , OjroBB ae Badpaaaoiio , 6^ 6o caMi» noBeaia'b anb 
BoeaaTB. Ce yace rperbee flaBe4e aoraabia Ha aeiidio IIoaoBeaRyH); 
ero 3K(e rpixa 4a6bi h Borb npocTHji'b , aaaexce MBoro xpecTbaH'b 
H3ry6jieHo 6bieTb a 4py3iB noaoHeaa a pacToqeoa Q0 3eMJflMi>»\ 



1. OoAii 1093 r. dTbToniicea'b xajyeTCA ea rpa6esy ■ onycromeHia Qoaoaea- 
Rifl : «4yKaBiH cuHoae HaiiaiMeBB noKHraxy cOif a h ryMia, h mhopu aepxaii sanajaoia 
orHeM'b...a» «noJOBiiH Boeaama MHoro h BiaapaTHiuaca ki* TopiibCRoay, ■ HaBevorouia 
MOAhB vh rpa^'b rjaAouii, ■ Dpe4amacii paTBUMi*; no.tOBKH «e, opioMme rpa4'bi aa- 
naJMOia ■ oraeirb, juo4h paa4tjiima h BeAoma b^ Beari^ K-b cep4o6oj[eii'fc caoaarh ■ 
cpo4HHKOMii caoBM-b. Muoro po4y xpecTbiiBbCRa CTpaauome: iie4a4Jiii, vyYaaa, oa- 



O CJABJIHAXI* Bl> MAJIOH A3III, Vh A4>PillC« H Bl> HCflAHIB. 75 

Hail caMaro Toua h xapaRTepa HastcTifi jtTODHCBUXi> o Tiiy*- 
TapoKaBB cj'i>4yen»« hto Ba 6epery AaoBCRaro uopa 6biJB B34aBBa 
DocejieBiH PyccRifl, b BeiiajioaBaHBTejibBbifl, Tor^aioBefi PycB obb 
6bijfl xopoiDO BaBtcTflbi; BBa«ie 6bi Jk'feTOBBcemi BeapeMtBBO 
eneA'h 40jroii'b cbobh'b pacnpocTpaaBTbcn noiipo6Ble o TMyxapo- 
KaBB, o efl BByrpeBBeMii ycrpoficTBt, o e^ Bapo40Ba€ejeBiB, o ea 
rpaBBuax'b. BjB3Roe aBBRoucTBo Tor4aBiBeB PycB cb Tnyrapo*- 
RaBbK) oieBB4Ho B B3% €JOBi> j'tTOBBcua, BCBTCja (CieBCRBro, — o 
uepRBB CB. Boropo4HUbi« BocTpoeBBoii McTBcjaBOM'b , — <xa»ce 
cTOBTb B 40 cero 4Be TtfyTopoRaBBD. Ec4if 6bi B-b TuyrapoRaHB 
CTBxia PyccRaa 6bMa cja6a b^b BBHTOHCBa, Tor4a 6bj PocTBCJiaai* 
BBRor4a Be cTa Ji* onacBbiM'b 4Jia FpeKOBii, a McTBCjaa'b ae iion* 
6bi Do6t4BTb KacoroBx. Giai* Toro, ^to RBaaba TMyrapoRaBCRie 

DpBB04BJB Ba PyCb IIoJOBUeBTi, Be^^BO BblB04BTb, 4T0 PyCCRBrO 

BacejeBia opB bhxii ae 6bM0, ueiuM'kA^ Barony b cBoero BoiicRa. 

B-b MCBTIB 0e040cifl COXpaBBJBCb RpaTRifl , BO 4parOUtflBblfl B3- 

B^cTia o TMyrapoRaflB. 

Orojio 1062 r. BBOR'b KifeBO-DeiepcRaro HOBacTbipa aaeja-' 
RbiB Hbrobii o'rbB4e bii ocTpoBi. TMyTopoRBBbiB B Ty o6piiTe Mt- 
mro CB^TJo, HBCTo, 64B3i> rpa4a, cbAe Ba Beu-b b BoHcieio 6jaro- 
4aTieio B^apacTB m^cto to b uepbROBb cb. Boropo4Bua Bii3rpa4B 
Ba BCAfb. H 6bicmb Mouacmbipb cjiaeem, wMce u doHbiMh ecmb^ nptc- 
Kuadb uMbi etcu UeHepcKbi Monactnbipbn. 

UdTh Toro Bce TKuiin yaRaeMii mu, «ito bo CMepxB PocTBCJaaa 
TiiyTopoRaBCRaro, oxpaBjeBBaro KaionaBOM-b b^ 1065r., xcBTe4B 
TMyrapoRaflCRie BpocB^B HBRoaa cxo4BTb bi Kies-b R-b Cbbto- ' 
ciaay apacjarb tiiii> cbiaa CBoero bi> Raaaba. 

ToRBO TaRi> Hce, ao«iTfl aa' 1 00 xIsT'b Bepe4i> rbMX, apocaju 
'I]oBropo4Ub] y CaaTocaaBa 4aTb bmi* rba3a: ((apB4onia 4io4be 



■010 outojfleMH, B'b aj<iH B Bi* vaiRH ■ B-b 61>4'b onycrbBme ^hkb, noHepH^Biue rb- 
jecu; oeauaeMov) CTpaeoio, ii3urohi» HCuajeHUMik, aaaH xoAflme h 6och, aoru aiiy- 
me cfiodeau repHben'b. Co cjesaMH OTBtmeBAxy! Apyrh rb Apyry, rjarojKnne: «a3ii 
IHiz'fc cero ropo4ai>, ■ 4pyria: Kaai* cea bchu; TtKo c%yapaina»TCfl co cjeaaiiH, poAii 
CBOtt noB'bjaiome h Ba^unmmeY omh BosBOAflme na aetfo ki BumBeiiy, caliAyiiieiiy 
Taftaafl. J^b hbkto »e ^epSHerb pemB : bko BeHaBBABBH Borom ecMu I 4a ae tfy^exb. 
Koro (So Taxo 6orb jio6BTb, ako ase uu B&nodBJUi' ecTb? Roro t«ro noqeJi ecTb, 
AROve Bu DpocjaBBJ-b ecTb B B'baa^ca'b? HBRoro aie»« (P* (i. ly V6). 



^ 
k 



76 B. R. iAMAHCKArO, 

HoBr6po4bCTiii, Dpocmne kii)13a cod'b: ame ae noB4eTe Ri uaii'fc, 
TO uajtaeMi* RHiiafl codin. 

CBHAaHie HHRoiia ci> Oeo4ocieMi» 6bijio caaioe pa^ocTuoe. Geo- 
40ci& yroBapHBaj'b ero He paajyiaxbCfl ci* aHMi>; BejiBKiS HHROUti 
ofi'&iiiad'b — «noH4y bi> MOHacTupb, ycrpoio b-b aeu-b ace b tot- 
qacb Bopoiycb ua3a4i>»* Cjobo cBoe obI) BcnojiHB4i>, BepHyaca B*b 
KieBo-IIe^iepcRiH M0uacTf»ipb« r4t b cROHHajiCA a-b 1088 ro4y. 
(P. A. I, 89), 

HaatcTie tro o Boropo4HiiRoii'B MOBacxbip'fc Bb TMyrapoRaHB 
yRasbiBaexii Ha uenajoauaHBTejbHOCTb TaMooiuRX'B PyccRux-b no- 
ce^emS. Gi* ocuoBaHieii'b jKe MOHacTbipa PyccRaa cTHxia TaM'b 
eiae doji'be 40J3KHa 6bMa BbiurpaTb. 

jI'bTonHCb Hama yooMBHaerb o 4'i^Jaxi> TMyTapoKaHCRuxb 
TOJbKo Tor4a, Ror4a oub npHX04U4U B-b apaMoe conpuKocHoeeHie 
Cb 4'ikaaMH Pycn; oo3TOMy-To b-b Bbicmey creneHB ueocuoBaTe^b- 
ho nocxynujiH 6bi Mbi , ecau 6bi cTajH yTBepHC4aTb , 4T0 noc^'fe 
1094 Tm Ror4H BT» aocj'b4uiti paai* yaoMHHaeTca TuyrapoRaub b-b 
uamux-b jiTOQMCAX'b , PyccKaa cxuxia BCMeaaa aii ue3 BOBce , He 

OCXaBHB'b BHRaKOrO Cwit4a. 

npH3HaBi> cymecxBOBauie B-b XI b. PyccRBx-b nocejieHiEi na 6e- 
pery AaoBCRaro Mopa, h suaa o aocxoflHUbixi> cHomeuiflxi> RHfl3eH 
PyccRiixi> C'b TMyxapoRaHbK) b o6paxHo, BHteMii jh Mbi xoxb Ra- 
Roe HH6y4b opaao oxpaiiaxb 6biXH0<;xb PyccRRXi» noceaeHiH b^ 
XI B. Ha Bceu b npocxpaHCTBi AieHC4y xor4amueio Pycbio b Asob- 

CKBM1> MOpeM'b? 

UpoRoaiii (552 r.), nepeMBC^HB'b uapo4bi, xcHsyuiie npH 
ycxbi 4oHa B no CeperaMi* A30BCRaro Mopa » BCJL^xh aa xtM-b 
npiidaBjaex'b: <x^a.ibBtiiaiie Rpaa na cbfiep-b 3aHHifaioxii Ahtm, 
Hapo4bi 6e3MHCJeHHb]e — xal auxov xa^uTcep^ev^ iq ^o^^av ave- 
jjLOv, ItvT] Tot 'AvTcSv apLGxpa ?8puvxat». 

lopHaH4'b (ok. 552 r.) roBopHXii, qxo, CHjibu1>iiU]ie BS-b Gaa- 
y^nwh Auxbi ^HByxi* ua Ilouxt, aieHC4y ^ulicxpoMh b ^uinpoMi* — 
(Antes.,., qui sunt eorum forlissiHii, qua PoDticum mare curvatur 
a Danaslro extenduDtur usque ad Dauaprum, quae fluniiua multis 
maDsiooibus ab invicem absunt). 

Bti axHxii sKe n'ibcTax'b thuhjm CiaBaue h bb IV b. Ropoib 



O CJABIIHAX1» ni> MA^oii A3lil, Bli A^PHR-B II B'b HCHAUIB. 7t 

HepBOMopcKHX'b FoTeoBx dpHauapiiicb BoeBaji ci> Beue>iaMii, ci 

CBOHMH COCiAHMB. 

Bo 11 CTOJ. no p. X., RBKli OTKpblBaeTCil B31i CJOB'b IldBHia, 

3KB4B HiKOTopbia CjaBBHCKiH B^TBH 110 ^oiiy. (A Cimmerio acco- 
lanl Maeotici, Vali, Serbia Arrecbi, Ziogi, Psesii. U. N. VI> 7. Cm. 
lUa^^pBRa CwiaB, 4peBB. § 9. 2). . 

XoTB B B'b iiBoaiecRBXi. npe4aBiaYi> CRaBAHBaBCRHX'B, vhwb Be 
uefl'fce BMiiomHX'UBejBKoe BCTopBHecKoeanaqeBie b ocBoaaBie, p'fcRa 
^OH-b BaauBaeTCA ptKoio CjiaBaBcicoio Tanaquisl u Wanaquisl. Ha 
BOCTO<iBoa efl cTopoB'b aesKBTii aeM^ta Acobii, Hcoen -^ Asalaod, B'b 
ueg ropoAi* Asgard, bx ROTopouii iiapQTBoaaj'b 04iibi», Obii Bej'b 

BOSbJ Cb BaBBMB — CO CjaBHBaMB 9 BO Cb QepeM'iiBBfalM'b c<ia- 

CTieMi>. BcRopt 04BBi» oepecejBaca na ctBepi*, B'b CRaB^itflaBiio. 

HapoAHoe npe^aBbe aro Mor^o o6pa30BaTbCfl Be ooaHce, RaR'b 
B'b 1 — II B. DO P. X., ecjB eme Be paBbme. (nia4>. 4peBB. § 8. 11). 

H TaRX, Kb aeMjflx-b npB-^oBCRBX'b Ba^p^Bjie fibua nocejeaifl 
CiaBABCRifl, HapoAi* 3eMje4'li4b«iecKii], Rp'bnKO npaBaaaBflbin B'b 
cBoeH' aeM j'fc h Kit CBOBM'b CTapbiM'b o6biHaaM'b, CwiaBBBe Be Morja 
^erxo B oxoTBO ooKBiiaTb CBOB cTapbifl m^AVkuiB. 

Koi'Aa Hce B'b nepBbie noJOHceBo 6bUo uana^o rocii04CTBy jPyc- 
cKoU CTBXiB ua 6epery AaoacKaro Mopa^BbTM^TapoRaBB b oRpecTBO- 

CTBXT>? 

IlepBOe SBBROMCTBO Baioe Cb TMyTOpORdBbK) Ba4BBaeTCfl 

1022 r. , D04'b ROTopbiM-b 4'kTonHceu'b aaoBcaj'b cjt4yioiuee: 
«IIpH4e flpocwiaB'b R-b Bepeciiio. B'b cb »ce BpeMCBa McTBCjaay 
cymy TiiyTopoRaBio, ooB4e bb KacorbK.«» b t. a* B'b ca'b4yK)- 
mem* »ce 1 023 r. B4eTX y»ce McTBC^aa-b Ba flpocaaaa cb Xoaa- 
pauB B c b KacoraMB. 

Pa36BBX KacoroB-b B'b 1022 r., McTBCjaBi> nocTpoB^i B'b 
TMyTapoRaBB aepROBb cb. Boropo4nubi — «3ajo}KB... a co34a io». 

Tpy4Ho ce6'b Boo6pa3BTb , hto to 6bija nepsaa PyccRaa iiep- 
KOBb B'b TiiyTapoRaBB. y KapaMaaoa y»ce BoaaaRaj'b Bonpocii o 
ToM-b, Cb RaRoro BpeMCBB D04HBBBaacb TMyrapoRaBb PyccRoft 
CTBxiB? Ohii npe4nojara4'b, hto TiiyTapoRaHb b4b FpeseGRaa Ta- 
Marapxa 6bjja aaBoesaBa CBHTOcaaeoM-b. Ilpa ceii-b BCTopuR-b 
paayn'ki'b Eio6'lk4bi CaaToc^iaBa Ba4'b XoaapaMB, flcaMB b Kacora- 
MB. O Bflx-b, RaK'b BasiiCTiio, 4tToaflceii'b roBoparb fl04'b 965 r. 



78 B. H. wlAMAHCKArO, 

wh cj'fcAyiouiiiX'b uoBaxii: (cHAe CBATocjairb na Ko3apbi. dbi- 
maBflie Hce Koaapa, 3304Oina apoTUBy ch kuaaeMi* CBOdRfx Kara- 
BOM'b, is, cbCTynHuiaca 6htb;. h dhiBoiH dpaHH, oAoji'h CBATOcjas'b 
Ko3apoMi> B rpa4'B bxi* BijyBisKio Baa. flcbi Do6i4B a Kaeorbii». 

CuAhHO COMHiBjaiOCb Bli B03M0HCH0CTB yCOixOB'b CBATOCJaBa Bl> 

TOMi> cjy«iai, eCwiB 6bi bii aeMJia&ii opn-^OBCKBX'b ue 6bi40 aoBce 
PyccRofi CTBxia, PyccKBXi> nocejeaitt. CuaBBbitt Apa6cRi& bcto- 
pBK-b a reorpa<i»ii (f 956 r.) MaGcy4fl, B'b coHaaeuia cBoem* «3o- 
wiotbie jyra», Me3K4y npoqaM-b naaierb: aOT'b ptRa XoaapcRoi 
(Bodra) B-b B^pxaeuii ea re^eaia 0T4tjaeTca oiaaa'b pyaaBii (^oa'b), 
Biia4aiomifi a-b ysRifi aaaaai* Mopa, IIoaTa, RaROBoe ecTb nope Pyc- 
GRoe; TaRT» RaRi> aa 04aH'b Bapo4i9 BCRJio«iaa PyccRax-b, ae aja- 
BaeT-b Bii dTOM'b Mopt. 9x0 BeJBRifi Bapo4'b« 3KBBymifi aa 04boiii> 
aa-b deperoB-b aToro Mopa. Qaa aBRor4a ae bm^jr Raaaflt aa npa- 
aaaaajB aaRaRoro nojoHCBTejbaaro aaRoaa. Maorie aai* aax% Rya- 
abi, Bejymie Toprii cb Bja4'feBiaMB TapraaoBii. Pycacie o^Midatomh 
dojibWUMu C€pe6pHHbiMu pydHUKOMu^ Komapbie Motyn^^ 6bitnb cpaenenu 
C5 pydHUKOMU eb topaosh Jexdotcupt^^ ae Xopacawh, Oioavuvsl Tapra- 
30Bi> pacBOJOHceaa aa 6epery MeoTificRaro Mopa. Do MoeMy Mai- 
aiio, ara crpaaa npBaa4Je3KaTT» R-b ce4biioMy RjaHary. Kapaaaabi 
ax'b xo4HTi> B-b XoBapeaBfb, bt^ Xopacaa-b, a aaib XoaapeaMa xo4aT'b 
R-b aaafb Rapasaabi; ao 34tcb aKaaeTi* Bfaoro Ro*iyiomax'b op4'b 
TypeaRaro Dpoacxo3K4eaiaf (ROTopbia oTJia^aioTCH oTbTaprBaoBi>)y 
Me}K4y 8TB11B 4ByiiH CTpaaaMB, oti> qero 4opora 4Jfl RapaaaaoB^ 
ae 6eaoBacaai> \ 

IIepe4aB'b B'fccROJbRo Q04po6BocTeft o Tapraaax'b, Maccy4B 
eaoaa BoaapamaeTca ri> PyccRBMi* bi> cj'fe4yiomflX'b ejoaaxi*: «Pyc- 
CRie cocTOHTi* aa^ Maoraxx paa^aiabix-b aapo40B'b (several diffe- 
rent natioDs) a paaabix'b op4'b (distinct hordes); 04aB aai* aax'b 
HaabiBaiOTca OAh-^AiodauefMi (Cnpaarep-b GTaaBTb a-b cRo6Rax'b c% 
BonpocBTe^babiMi. aaaROMi Lithuanians f). Qaa xo4fl'rb no CBoavb 
ToproB^iBfii 4ijaMi> bi> HcnafiiiOf Pairb, KoHCTaaTaaonojb h b% 
aXoaapaMii». 



1. El. Mas'udis Historical Eocyclopaedia, entitled «Meadows of g^ld wad Mines 
of Gemsi>: translated from the Arabic by Aloys Sprenger. London. AIDGGCXLt, 
VpI. I, 4i2-4i3. 



CJABHHAX'fc Wh MAjIOH A31B, Wh A4»PHR'fi H Bl> HCnAHIH. 7^ 

AaA'ie Maccy4ii 40boji^ho D04po6Ho pacnpocTpaHflercii o no- 
xo4^ PyccRHXi* Bi> KacnificROMi> Mop'fc; onBcaeie aro n npepoacy 
HBace Vh npuMfbKOHiu^ a Teaepb noaaojio ce6i aaM'feTHTB, htq btb 
Pyccbi MaccyAieBbi 6bUH 'Cj^BUBe PyccRte, a Be Bapnro-Pyccbif 
.Be HopMaflBbi, RaRi to B'fcROTopbie yTBep9K4aiOTT>. HflHce b 40 j- 
iKewh roBopBTb 06'b dTowh no4po6Bte, a 34^cb yRaxcy tojbro aa 
HtROTopbie rjaBB'ibfiniie 40E04bi b'b noibay MB'taiB, npBBBuaeaiaro 

Be TOJbRO MBOK) , BO fl SBaMeBBTblM'b 4»paflIiy3CRBM'b opieBTajiB- 

CTOH-b Peso. 

9tb Pyccbi 0TDpaB4fli0TCA B'b KacniScRoe Mope , no c^ioaaM'b 
MacGy4H, B% HBCJi'ib 50,000 qejoB^Ri*. Bapiiro-Pyccbi BflRor4a bo 

6bI4B TaR'b Mfl0r0<]BC4eBBb]. 

BapflPB-Pjitb 6bUfl II]Be4bi (xcBTejB yojaB4iB), a Pyccbi, no 
cjoBaHik Maccy4B, Be^HRiB Bapo4'b — a great nation,- t. e. mho- 
ro«]Hc^eHHbi3, 

Bt» Pycb npnuijia 4pyiKBBa PiopHRa, ero 6jB»CBie, ero po4- 
CTBeBBBRB; BOJOHCBBi'b 4aHce, RTo B'b BaMi> n^pecejB^acb BCB yn- 
jau4ia, B Tor4a 6bi I£lBe40Bi> ne^baa 6biJ0 naasaTb Bapo40Mi» ae- 

JBRBMli , MBOrORBCJeBBblMl* y pa34i^eBHbllirb fla B'fecRO^bRO Dje- 

ueH-b. 

H TaRx , Pyccbi Macey4ieBCRie — Be HopmaBflbi , a GjaBfl- 
He; TO*iBo TaRie Hce GjaaaBe, RaRT» b Pyccbi B6B'b-Xop4a'rb-Bera 
(t912), HcxaxpB— . 

Maccy4B roBopBTi>, qToPyccbi njiaBaioT-b BBepxi* no^ony, hto 
OBB ButiOTb CBOB cepeSpuHHbie pydnuKU. 9to MtcTO 6biJo ysKe npB- 
Be4eBo ^l^peBOM'b bii ero aaMtqaTeab^OM'b Tpy4i (Ibn-Foszl.-Ber. 
S. 239); 0Bi> xaRHce aaMiTaj-b ynce, 4To oPyccRBX'b cepe6paBbix'b 
py4BBRax'b ynoMBBaeT'b b SHaMeaBTbifi nyTemecTBeBBBR'b MapRo- 
IlOJOy dTOTb ryAi6o4b4'rb XIII b. 

Haci> aaHBuaerb Bonpocx o PyccRpx'b nocejeBiax'b B'b npa- 
4oBCR0ii% spat; orb Toronto b odpamaeifb xenepb BBBMaaie hb- 
Taxeaa na btb PyccRie cepe6paBBbie- py4BBRB. HaBtciiii BBX'b, 
Baxcobia 44B BCTopia BayTpeBBaro 6biTa b nponbimjieBHocTB; ae- 
couataao B'b to we ppeMfl y6'fcHC4aiorb aacb B'b 6biTB0CTB a 4aB- 
HocTB PyccRofi CTflxia B'b BbiBtmaefi 3eM4'b^ BoficRa ^oacRaro. 
BoTb KaKii MapRo-IIojo onacbiaaerb Pycb (or. 1270 r.) : 



I 



80 B. H. JAMAHCRATO, 

« U6 jacTb Poccin Becbma o6uiHpHa b paaA'fcjeHa aa MBoro qa- 

Hapo4bi ea xpHcriane a AepncaTcii PpeqecRaro o6pfl4a bi> mep- 
ROBHOMit 6oroCwiy»ceHiii. 9to awau BecbMa RpacBBue, 6'ksbie (jr- 
iieni)) B BbicoKie; xceuiUBBbi bxi> TaHBce 6i4bi a bucorr, ch py- 
cbiMB fl 4.4BBBbiMB BOJOcaMfl. OuB n^aTflT'b 4aRb uapio Tarap- 

CROMy.... 

B-b 3TOB o6aacTB (t. e. PoccIb) HaX04aTCH B-b orpoMBOM-b 
B3o6B^iB pasBbie M-hxa (pelli di armelini, ascolioi, zebellioi, vari, 
volpi] B Bifloro BocRy, ecmt moKOice mhozo pydnukoe^^ U3h Komopbixb 
do6bieaemcfi cepeffpo eb otpoMHOMb KOj^uuecmefb^, 

KapaM3BUT> aaMtTBj-b: ccCjaBBbiii BeueuiaBCRiB oyTeuiecTBeR- 
BBRT> MapRo-Qojo, 6bJBi> oRo^o 1270 r. Bi> Be-iuaofi YarapiB, B-b 
IlepciB fl aa 6eperaxii KacniiicRaro uopa , roBoparb o xJuidnoU 
Poccia, cRa3biBaH, 4T0 ea WBTeja 6isjibi, Boo6uie xopouiR ^BueM'b, 
a 4T0 oaa 6oraTa coffcmeeHHhiMu cepeSpHHhiMu pydnuKaMui Mhi ue 
UMfbJU uxb, HO dibUcmfmmejibHO mozau xeajtumhCH aHamnbiMn KOMme-- 
cmeoMb ceptffpa^ noAyHaeMaw homu onib HrbJuei^KUXb Kyuufinb u nepea?^ 
K)tpy uBb Cu6up%i» (V. G. 395). B'b aacTOAmee BpeMa, ca-bio 4y- 
iiaTb, KapaM3BBi> ae 0TBepr'b6bi CBB4'i^Te^bCTBa MapRo-IIuaOt D04* 
TBep»4a[oaiaro a3BicTie Maccy4B cepe6pflBBbiXTi py4BaKax'b 
PyccRBXT*. uaxTt ecTb y aac b a3B'bcTie a XIV b. Apa6cRi3 Byre- 
mecTBeaBBR'b HoBb-BaTyra , aod^TaBuiiii losKayio Porciio wh 
30 — 40 ro4ax'b, pascRaabiBaerb, RaR-b obi> ayTemecTBOBajii asii 
AcTpaxaaa, coupoBOH£4aA bii KoBCTaaTaaoRO^b xaTyay Beajyay, 
Hceay xaaa y36eRa, npBpo4ayio FpeHaaKy. 

OTBpaBBBUiacb a3i> AcTpaxaaa, qeped'b aiROTopoe Bpeaia, oaa 
DpadbUB Kh ropo4y OnaKb. MicTOHO.to2KeBie ero MB'fe Be a3Bl>cT- 
ao, ao ero Bioacao 0Bpe4'fc^aTb 40BOJbBo npH6ja3HTewibBO mrh co- 
o6pa»ceaia 4pyrBXb Mt>cTi>. lIpuBoacy, bo bxi» BasKBocTB, cioBa 
I]6ai>-BaTyTbi, bo 4*paBUk BepeB04t: Cependant bous marchions 
(as-b AcTpaxaaa — [l&ddj TerkhftB cps. aame Xa3umopoKaHb) vers 
la ville d'Ocac, qui est une place d*uae importance moyenne, biea 
conslraite, riche en bieas , mais d*une temperature tres froide. 
Entre elk et Serd, capitate du sultan^ il y a dix jours de marche. A 
un jour de distance d*Ocac se trouvent les montagnes des Russes, qui 
sont Chretiens; its ont des cheveux roux^ des yeux bleux^ its sont laids 



O UABflUAXli Kh MAJO& A31H, Bl> A<l»PflR'B B Bl» HCnAHIH. 81 

de vis€ig€ et rusis de caractere. lis possedent des mines d' argent, et on 
apporU de leur pays de9 saoum^ cest a dire des lingots d*argenU O'Vec 
lesqueb on vend et ton achete dans cette contrie. Le poids de cheque 
Ungot est de cinq onces. 

Dix jours apres iire partis de cette citi (Ocac) , nous arrivdmes 
a Scrddk (SoCldlik). G'est uDe des villes de la vaste plaioe du Kif- 
djak; elle est situee sur le rivage de la mer, et soo port est au 
nombre des plus grands ports et des plus beaux. II y a en dehors 
de la ville des jardios et des rivieres. Des Turcs Thabitent, avec 
UDe troupe deGrecs qui vivent sous leur protection, et sont des ar* 
tisans; la plupart des maisons sont construites en bois. Cette cit^ 
etait autrefois fort grande ; mais la majeure partie en fot ruinee, a 
cause d'une guerre civile qui s'^leva entre lesGrecs et lesTurcs»^ 

Fopbi, 6^ii3i> ropo4a ORaRa (?) ^ Haxo4HBU]arocfl ex 1 Annxh 
njTB orb Gapaa u B'b.lO Hce 4HflX'b oti> rop. Gy4aRa, ropbi, bii 
KOTopbixi> PyccRie 4o6b]BajH 006^ cepe6po biXIVb., no e^0BaMi> 
H6HT»-EaTyTbi, bib Xlil no MapRo-IIoJio, h bi> X b. no IMacey4H, 
BH^To HHoe, RaRTi ^oHeuRifi RpaHCb, r4'fc eme bii nacToauiee spe- 
Ma Haxo4aTi» cepe6pHCTbifi CBBHUOBbifi 6vieeRi>. 

£. n. KoBaaeacRifi' boti> hto Me»c4y npoRBMi* naca^'b 06'b 
aT0Mi> B-b 1829 r. wh ropnourb JKypHajtls (1 ru.): c<Gx'4aBHaro 
BpeneHB TKBTejB eejenia Harojbnaro aauBMaioTca co6HpaHieMi> 
radieK'b CBBuuoBaro 6aecRa » BbJBocBMbixi> b31» ORpecTUbixii rop-b 
B040io. Bo Bpeua xaaHia cu'ikrQB'b a noc^'b cfljibUbixii 4o»c4efi, ohb 
Bafl6ojie aanacaioTca py40fo, Roropyio, no jerRonjaBKocTu ea a 
00 6oraTOMy co4epHcauiiu bt* ueii Biera^ja, y4o6uo njaBUTb bi> ace- 
di'&3Bb]X'b ROBUjaxi , npa6aBjaa BMtero 4>Jioca ntcKojbRo cajia. 
U3i> nojy<iaeMaro TaRBM-b o6pa30Bii> cBUHiia ohb OLiBBaioT-b ol5biR- 
BOBeHHo pyace^Hbia oyja. Ilepaoe uaertcmie HaxoJKdeniu ceuHt^o^ 
et/xn pydb w BdibmneMb Kpato nouyHtmo npaeumejhcmeo et 1801 t.^ 
Hptaib topHato o^u,epa HMuna^ KomopbiU menept fet 1829 t.J ecmb 
HOHoubHUKri AytancKOio 3aeoda„..T» 

1. Voyag. d'Ibn-Batoatab, II, 414 — 415. — Bbime BtfB'b-BaTyra pascRaauBaerb 
Dpo CBoe Dpe6uBaHi>e wh AcrpaxaaH: «Ghaque kh^toaq me donoa dea liDgoU d'ar- 
geoty que ces peoples appellent footetn, plariel de foonmaAs. 

2. Cm. BHse ai IlpBJoseBiflX'fc. 

3. UuBi MflBBCTp'fc UapOiUiaro DpocB-boieBiB. 

XH. 8An. — CI. 6 



82 B. 0. JAMAHTKArO, 

ffBit 1 820 r. o6ep^-rHTTeH<»epBajibTepii Koaea'b oame^'b no p. 
Haro.ibHOB npnaHaKa CBHH[|OBbixi» py4i>9 ^a b'b o4homi> aa'b bbxi* 
npM Kosbeii EauKt oTRpbui* h HCHJbaoe OHbixi> nojosKeaie. Ha« 
Kouem> Bi) 1 827 r. 0TnpaB.ieBa 6bi^a B'b cih utcra, mh pa3Bi4Ra 
cbmbu Bbix-b py4b, ocooeuHafl ropBaa napTiA (fl04'b aanajbCTBOM'b 
riepuiBBa 2-ro h BeMa). do a3CJ'ti40BaBiB en oKaaajiocb, qro bi> 
HarojbUbix-b ropaxb, Bb Ttxi> BitcTaxT>, r4'b B-b <i»opMauiB aepe- 
xo4Baro 4>B4Ja4a BcrpfeqaeTCB RBapa-b ch TajbROMi), Baxo4BTca 
CBUBuoBbiii daecK-b ox^t^bHo bjb ci> iuibroboio o6MaBRoii. Ulyp- 
<t»aMB BCTpiqeao no piiK'k UaroabBoa mbofo npoHCBJROB'b cbhhuo- 
Baro 6jecRa, ROTophie na rjydBB'k coe4BBeBbi BMtcTt, <ito 4aerb 
npaao Ba4'feHTbcii aa 6ojbuio3 rjiy6BB'ib Bcrp-tTBTb doa'ibe saaiH- 

TeJbHbia 3KBJbIt>. 

Pa3Bi4RB BepremBopeHa CbipoxBacTOBa noRa3a.iii, qro, Ba^BBaii 
OTi> HarowibHoU, no TeHeiiifo p hica cero BMean, 40 caMaro coe4BBeBia 
ea cb MiycoM-b, Be34'b BcrptsaioTca npB3HaRB CBHBaoBbix-b py4i>. Bi* 
nocji4CTBiB Bafi4eB'b 6bU'b CBaauoBbifi 6jecRi> b bt» cacTeH'b ropi» 
MiyccRaro orpora. GBBHUoBbiii d^ecRi* no p'^K'b HaroJbaoii Bcrpt- 
qaerca ci» C04epH<auieBiT> cepe6pa — cepe6pBCTbiM ; bi* Harojbaoii 
CBMimoBoii py4i — CBBHua — 40 60%; a cepe6pa 40 2% <^ymoBrb 
B-b 100 ny4axi>, cji^oRaTeJbBO bi> ny4t OKoao 3 3040tbbrobi>. 

4>paBuy3CKiB BB}Keuepi> Jlen.ie bt> H3Cji>40BaHiflX'b CBoax-b 
RaMHBBo-yroJbaaro ^oHeuRaro daccefiaa, npoBaBejeBBbifb jam'l 
no pacnopaHceaiio A. H. 4.eMM40Ba, BOT-b RaRi* BbipaHcaeTca o aa- 
X0HC4eBiB BTi BacTOflUiee BpeMA^CBBHUOBaro 6jie€Ra bti ^oaeuROMi* 
RpHHci: «Ha6jio4eiiifl (HS^oHceHHbifl Rbime) Be 4aioTi> HBRaRoro 
noB04a 4yMaTb, 4To6bi <i>opMaiiiii ^oaeuKaro RpaHca 6bi.iB 6oraTbi 
uera^AjiaMH bjb py4aMH. KpoMi> HcejiaaoB py4bi, 3dfhch omKpbitnhi 
modbKO npusHanu oRBHUOBaro 6jiecRa. droT'b Muaepa^-b Baxo4BTca 
B-b iiedo^bmBxi) RsapuoBbix^ upo^KiuKaxx , bi> ncaMMBTt, djas-b 
Harojibno&9 aa p'bMR'b, cocTaRiJUouiCB nparoRiiMiyc/i b TaKH%e aa- 
abinaiomeuca Uaro^baoio. CucmeMamuHecmH uacMbdoaaHtfi^ tipouaee- 
deHHbiH topHbtjiU o^ut^epoMU^ y6ihdujiu^ Hmo oanaHeHHan pyda ecmpfb- 
HaemcH ad/bcbs^ cmojib juaMMt K04UHecmerb u mQKb6ib(^Ha cepe6poMb^ 
Htno He Moofcerm 6b\mb npedjuemoMr^ ebitodnoU pa3pa6omKU^ u nomoMy 
eob pa6ombi no amojuy npedMemy npeKpawfimn^. (IlepeB. F. EUjpoB- 
CKaro. Cxp. 213 — 214). 



O CJiABBBAX'b Bb MA40fi AaiU, Bl> A<»PBK« H Bib MCOAHlfl. 83 

« 

ISdTh CAOWhJieuAe 6huo 6bi wh Bbicmeii cTenenn omn6oMBo aa^ 
Rjio<iaTb o TOMT», mo II Bb ApeBH'biiiiiiB BpeMena \ uanp. npuIVlac- 
cy4H, MapRo-Uojo, H^H-b-BaTyrk, CBBuiioBaii py4a 6bKia TaRi> nee 
6-tAua cepe6poMT># RaKi> h B'b BacTOfluice BpeMB. HasicTHO, hto 
BCiiKoe coModihJihHoe, 6e3i»RCRyccTBeHHoe npoBSBOiiCTBo Bcer4a 6oah- 
me Tepaerb b neBbine yM'ieT'b nojbaoBaTbCii MaTepbu^ioM-b , HiiMi* 
apoB3B04CTBo HaysBoe. Eme b^ aaqaj'fc HbifliinHAro croa'feTiii hch- 

Te^R UarOJbHOS UaX04BJB BOaUOHCHblM'b B ^bir04HbIMT> A^B ce6H 

BBBBMaTbCfl jio6bi<ieio cBBBua, a bi>XIVb. ce()e6pflHr>ie c^btkb, 40- 
CbiBaeuhie PyccRHMH « Gmsvi B'b o6iiieM'b odpanieHin y TaTajp-b, 
0041^ BHCBeM'b cayjco. FI6BT»-EaTyTa BMenao aaM^qaerb, bo 4>paH- 
uyacROMi* Bepe804'6: lis (les Russes) possedent des mines d'argent, 
et on apporte de leur pays des saoum, c'est a dire des liogots d'ar* 
gent, avec lesquels on vend et Ton achete dans cette contr^e. Le 
poids de cbaqae lingot est de cinq onces». A bt» 6biTnocTb ero bt* 
AcTpaiaBH, RaaK4afl Hcena iLana 4apHJia eiMy axB cepefipAHbie cjbt- 
RH — ficchaque kb&toun me donna des lingots d'argent, qne ces 
peuples appellent saoum^ pluriel de saoumah>, 

B'b BacTOAoiee BpeMH 6b]J0 6bi rjfimRo>ii> nocn'l>mHO yTsep^c- 
4aTh, iTO B'b AOAVoik nepio4i> BpeweBH XV — XVIII b: PyccRBXi* 
noce^eniH bi» aTHX'b M-fecTax'b ae 6biJ0, PyccKie ne aasBMajycb 
4o6b]<ieio Merajjia. 

He C4i4yerb aaduaaTb, hto B'b XV. — XVI b., Ror4a RoaaicH 
^oHCRie B AaoBCRie ace 6ojbme npio6piTafOTi> cBJibt b aHaHeniH ^, 
PyecKifl TaMomnifl uaceaeHia dbun 6oA'he o6e3ne«ief|bi , qtMi> Bb 
XIV — XIII B., BO BpeMfl H6hi EaryTbi b MapRo-Dojo. 



1. Cj4ii 00 coofiuieBRUMii HB'b naycTBo cs'ft^'bBlflM'b, BOB^ikiniR nac.i'b^OBaBifl 
opoB3Be4eBBbifl BaiuiiMH BBBceBepaMH, DOSBOjaioT'b, KaxeTCii, Aynarh, hto . Meraj jo- 
■ocBua SHJU 4oBeaHaro Kpiisa AajCKO 64aroBa4escH'be, H'bwh to npeac4e Dpe4- 
aojara4H. 

2. Uamib nociaBUHK-b IleTpib TypreBeai*, B'b 1551 r., 40BociiJi'b loaaay aa-b Ho- 
raUcKNX'b y^ycoB'b: «npBCja.i'b TypeuRott iiapb K'b UcMauj'b HBpat nocja cee ae- 
CBU, Cb rbM'b: B'b BaiuBX'b 46 B'b GycypHBBCKBX'b RBBrax'b OHiiieTiia, mo rb J^ra 
DpHOMM, 9T0 Pyccsaro oapji HaaBa pyxa Ba4'b 6ycypHaUbi bucokb; ywe 46 b Mat ot- 
■eao o6B4a BejMKBB: noje 46 see, 4a b p'bKB y Meaa nooTUMaj'b, 4a* u 4oB'b OTaa^'b, 
4a ■ AaoB-b ropo4'b nycrb y Meaa 40CU'fe4'b; nooTUMaj-b bcw aOdiib aii AaoB'b. Ka- 
aami ero cb Aaoaa o6poKi> eM^ioT-b, u B04bi aa-b 4oBy hmtb ae 4a4yT'b....9 (B. V, P. 
YUl, npSH. 254). 



84 B. R. JAMAHCKArO, 

/ 

Oabo o6rTOflTejbCTBo no Bfi>iHMOMy CRjhBo roBopHTb B-B no.ib- 
ay Toro ape4ao.iO'#KeH]fi, 4to bi> XVIb/bi> ^oneaKOM'b Kpnxc'fe 40- 
6biqii cepe6pa ue Qponcxo4H.io. Paaymtlo jiio6onbiTHb]fl HSBicTia 
o PocciH eaqaja XVI b., ocraBjieiiHbifl Ham-b no<ireHHbiMi>, 4ocToii- 
libiM b rjiy6oKaro yBaHceobfl h 6jaro4apifo3 aamefi npiiaHaTejibHo- 

cm, MOCROBCRHMI* rOHUOM'b^MUTpieM'B repaCHM0Bb1M'b\ HSBictiflv 

aanHcaaubifl jio6o3naTe^bubiMi» IlaBJOMii loBieMii. 

Bi onncaHin lorfn Mbi <iHTaeMi> MeaK4y npoqHMx: «rMocRo- 
BHTflHe OTaycRaiOTi» B-b Espony jyqinifi jen-b, ROHonJio 4^111 Kaea^ 

JOBli, BOJIOBbH) ROWy H MHOHCeCTBO BOCRy. y HlUCb Hlhtm HU SOJO" 

mbiocn^ HU ctpe6pRHhiX6 pydHUKOsbj a raRSKe bo Bcei\ crpaH'fe He sa- 
BitMeHO 4paroa1;HBbixi> KaMHei3...)» (Nobile quoque linum et canna-- 
bum in restes , mullaque item bourn tergora , et massas cerae in- 

i. 4HBTpift repacBMOB-b 6uji> B-b Phh^ vb i525 r. Borh wbcitOAhKO neprh 

BToro BaM'bqaTeJbHaro neJOB-bKa: olIojiara^B, roBOpHT'b II. loBiii, <ito ^MHrpiik, xaKii 

"leJOB'feK'b onuTBuii b-b 4tjax'b roc3'4apcTBeHBbixi> h oco(}eHBO cstjiymift B-b Cbb- 

meBBOWb llBcaBiB, BMter'b KaKiB jb6o raiiBUii b BaaiBuji nopy<ieBiB, KOTopufl o6%b- 

BBTb nanii aa ajAieaiUB cjioBecao. Obi* bt* BeAaaneMii BpeiieQB BUB^opoB'bjrb or-b 

jBxopaAKB, KOTopoio 40jro 6ujt'h 04epiRHB'b orb nepeMlkBu KJBMara, b coeepoieBBo 

BoacTaBOBHj'b CHdi^ CBOB H npexBiil nvkrh jBiia, Tav-b, «ito, Be cHorpB aa niecTB- 

4ecBTBJ'feTBioiD CTapocTb, cb oxoTOK) X04nj'b cjymaTb TopBcecTBeaBoe c^ymeaie 

nanu, coBepmaBmeecfl co Bcen nbimaocriio, npa rapMoaaiecRBxi* SByxax'b ByauirB, 

wh 4eab CB. KocMU a ^aMiaaa; Ouj-b bt* ceaarb Bib to caMoe BpeMB, Ror4a nana b 

BCk npB4Bopabie ^bbu npaaaMajiB Rap4BBaja KaBne4«io, Tojyco hto BoaaparaB- 

marocB aai* nocojbCTBa bt* Beacpiio; ocHarpaBajii cBanue xpaMbi a cb aaryajeuievb 

jiofiOBaJCfl ocTaTRBMB 4peBBBro Bejaqifl Pana a xajRaaa ocToaaMB npeKaaxi 34a* 

Biii». (Ea^jfOT. BBOCTp. nac. o Poccia, CeueaoBa. 1836). Iobih roBoparb TaasRe Dpo 

FepacBMOBa, hto obi* aaaj'^ xopomo no-^aruBa, ^leMj aayiujicfl B-b ^bbobib, otjb- 

qajicii CB'feTJbiM'b ymoM-b b 6ojbn]aMa CBb4'bHbiiMn, naoro nyremecTBOBaj'b: raK-b 

OB'b 6uj'b B-b nocojbCTBax'b EnBe4CK0M'b, 4aTCR0M'b, npyccROB-b, B'^arROMb. Ho- 

B04bi RT* nacbMCBBOMy B3Jio»eBiio pacaaaoBi* FepacaaoBa pacRpuTU loBlea-b Bb err> 

nocBffnieBia apxienacHony loaaay Py^y. «Bu aabflaaja xe^aBie, — roaopar-b lo- 

Bitt, — BMtTb aa iAaTaBrROH*b asuR'b onacaaie apaaoB-b MocROBBTBB'b, BanacTBOBaH- 

Boe aaoK) bbi* ea(e4BeBBbix'b t^ecbAi* ci> ^BaaTpiea-b, flpa^uBmaa'b Be4aBB0 Rb nan'b 

Kjaaeary Vll-My bi RaqecTB-b MocROBCRaro noc.ia». TaRaai. o6paaoM'b Iobik) npa- 

Ba4.feacaT'b a'bROTopbifl Ma-baia a ♦opaa; <»aRTbi are a 4aBBbifl, aa CROJbRO oo-b ax'b 

ae acRaaaji* BOJbBo a aeaoJbBO, npaBa4Jre»aT'b toHu,y AJmnrnpito. k aa «aKTbi co- 

qaaeaie lOBia a bbbcbo. Cj'fe40BaTejbB0 necTb nepaaro o6cTOBTe.iboaro oaaaRoajeoia 

EBponu Cb Poccieio npBBa4JeataT'b 4ByH'b CjaaflaaM-b — 4aaTpiio TepacaMOBy a 

repfiepmrefiay. ^a6ep'b, Ran-b aaB^crao, cocraBaj'b caoe conaaeaie (de MoscoTilanim 

religione. 1525 r.) roxe no pacaasaai PyccRaxi, aaeaBO KaasH Ba. 6e4. Hpocjaa- 

caaro a 4bflKa Cea. Bop. Tpo^aaoBa, aoTOpbix-b oa-b BCTpitTajib B'b Tio(^BareMl>, aa 

BoaaparaoM-b axi* nyra aai Hcnaaia. 



O CJABUHAXl* Bli MikJOfl A31H, BT> A<l>PUieB H B'b UCnAHlH. 85 

geoles, Moschovitae \a onmem Europae partem mittuDl. Nulla auri 
argentive, vel ignobilioris metallic ferro excepto, apud eos vena, 
secturave reperitur Dullumque est iota regiooe, vel gemmarum vel 
pretiosi lapilli vestigiurD). 

Ho He^bSfl ue saMtTUTb, hto cjosa Iobia, ue ocTaBJflK)UiiA hb 
Ma.iiamaro coMainbn bi> Toifb , mo FepaciiMOBy HH«iero ee 6biJ0 
ii3BicTB0 406^4*^ cepe6pa bti ^0HeuR0Mi> KpaHct , caoBa dTH 
euie He uoryTi* c^ysKBTb 40Ka3aTeabcTB0Mi , <ito bi KOHub XV h 
B'b HaqajiXVla. npoMbicejb aroTii, npoHcx(/4UBU]i& B'b X, XIll a 
XIV B., coBepineuBo npeKpaTBacn. Bb uanaai HbiuiuiHai o h CA'bA. 
vh Koaui upoBLiaro cTOjbTifi HCflxeJB HarojbHoii i{axo4u^H Bbi- 
ro4Hb]M'b 4-Afl ce6fl aaHflTJeM-b ujasuTb CBBHuoByio py4y. Utvh 

COMH'kDbll, mo RaK-b HH DpOCTO 6bM0 apoa3B04eTBO dTO, BCe 

TaRB ouo Tpe6oBajo BSB-bcTuaro BaBbiRa b cuopoBRB; CJ'fe40Ba- 

TeJbHO Ha40 4yMaTb, 4T0 dTa npOMblUJ^eHBOCTb B'b TaUOUlHHX-b 

Py-ccRBX'b nocejeyiax-b 6bMa KaK-b 6bi uacj'fc4(?TBeHHOio , oepe-- 
xo4HBineiO U3T» po4a B'b po4'b. 9to aoc.it4Hee coo6pa»ceuie Bb 
CBA3B Cb B3B'bcTbeMi> HdH-b-EaTyTbi 6 cepe6paubix'b c4BTRaxx h 
Cb HacTOfliUBMB CB']b4'i>uiiiBiB Haxo9K4eHiB cepe6pa B'b ^oiieu- 
KOM'b jcpa^K'fe He no3BojaK)Ti> HaM'b p-baKo yTBep}K4aTb o npeKpa- 
uieuiH 4o6biqH cepe6pa PyccRHMH B'b nepeoa noaoBMuk XVI b. 
HesHauie sKe o ueB ^UHTpi^ FepacuMOBa jierRo odiBacueuo 

6blTb MOHCeT-b T^M-b 06cT0flTeabCTB0M'b, 4T0 »CBTe4H, 3aHBlia6Uiie- 

cfl dTOK) 4o6bJieiOY c6biBaji| cepe6po Be B'b MocROBCRoe rocyAap- 
ctbo, a Ri) TaTapaMi; hto npoMbiuia^Biiiie aTBMi» PyccRic hcbjib 
ue Bi> PyccRoii TeppiiTopia. 

K^R-b 6bl TO UB 6bK10 , HO npe4CTaBjeHHb]a HaMU CB'fe4'feHifl 

cepedp^Hbix-b py4HBRax'b OROHqarejibuo 40Ra3biBaioTi 6biTuocTb 
H 4aBH0CTb PyccRBxib uocejeHiii B'b opu-^oucROM'b Rpai, cayHiHB- 
uiHXb Bi> X — XII B. cpe4HHMH 3BeubaMu , CBfl3biBaBLUBMH PyccRia 
DocejieBifl Ha 6epery A30BCRaro Mopa cb Tor4auiHeio Pycbio. 

IIojaraEO, rto sepea'b nax-b meai* TaR'b HaabiaaeMbiiS B'b aIhto- 
DHCflX'b SaMdHhiU nymb, ROBMb RHasba HauiH TaR'b sKe 4opo/KUjH, 
RaR b H nyTAMH rpe4ecRHMi> B CojflBbiBfb. Obb >Ke o6jer4a.iB 
cHomeHiH PyccRBx-b ci» aeMJflMB KasRaacRBMB b KacniiiCRHMB. 

Bb 3aR.iio4euie o63opa arax'b ciioineHiS no3Bo^io ce6'b yRa- 
3aTb eiue na 04H0 o6cT0flTe4bCTBo , BecbMa no-Aiueftiy B'b aroM'b 



86 



B. B. .lAMAHCKAro; 



oTHomeHiB ueMa.ioBaHCHoe, Tak'b KaRi» obo cjywRT'b uaMeKOM-b ea 
sua'ieuie P)CCKoH CTuxia bi* RHflSKecTB'bTMyTapoKaHCKOM'b b Ba ea 
BjiiiHbe ua KaBRast. 

rep6epuiTeBUi> BitCBoeMi* nepenat Hapo40Bii, roBopnuiHX'b Ba 

C^aBflHCROMl» HdblRt, npHB04BTl> MCSK^y npO<IBMl> B H^pRaCOBliy 

»{UBiuHXT> y 4epuaro uopfl: Circasi QuiDquemoDlani ad Pontum — 
4epRacbi IlATMropcRie. Oh-l ;Ke B-b cbobxi» 4paroii'feHHbiYi> 3a* 
imcRax-b coxpauBj-b aaM-b aiooonbiTBoe BSB'fecTbe o BOJbBbix'b 
HepRecaxib Ha BOCTo'iBoii'b' 6epery Hepaaro Mopa, KOTopbie, no 
ero c^ioBaM-b, He apHauaBawiB HflTypeuRoiS, HBTarapcRofi B.iacTe8, 
n.iaeawiB no 4epH0My Mopio b rpa6B.iH TypeuRifl cy4a. Oub bcbo- 
Bt4b]BajB FpeqecKyio Btpy ; 6orocjiy}Ke6ubiMi> bxi> fl3biR0Mi> 
6buii> CjaBAucRiij flabiK'b; ho Boo6uief no CiOBaM^bFepdepniTeHua, 
OHH 6bUH 4ypubie xpncriaHe. 

HsBtcTHbiii nyTenjecTBeHUHRi> IleTp'b 4e ja Bajje tbrii bb- 
caji> MepRecax-b bi nepBOB qeTBeptH XVII b. : 

aKaBR^aii Hacejeui) ubini paaubiMB Hapo4aMB; oco6eHHO Hce 
MycyjbMaHaMB .iearHBaMB, ROTopbie ue npH3HaioTi> BBRaRoro ro- 
cy4apA. Pa34'k^eHHbie wie^KAj co6ofi, ohb cocTOBTb no4'b B^acTbio 

MUOSKeCTBa KHI]3bR0Bl>, HBdblBaeMblX'b y HBX'b MUfSaJUU^ Bdl) KOTO- 

phix'b ntROTopivie ue BMbfOT-b b 4Ba4iiaTB nejoatR-b no4'b cbobmt» 
iiaHa^OMi>. Boo6me 3To aioab rpy6bie , HCHBymie no 4epeRHiiM'b. 
Oub 4BRH, cBHptnbi b crpaniBbi aah cbobxi* €06-^46}), kbrI) .1104B, 
HCBBymie 04humt> rpadeHceM-b. 3a .learBuaMB je»«BT'b 3eMJA Asiar- 
cRBX'b CapMaTOBi) , T. e. Hepuecosh , Komopbte ucnosibdywrnh xpu- 
cmiancKyio rpenecKyfo ertpy^ ho 6ear^ KHWh, 6e3h ceRtu^eHHUKOst* u, no^ ' 
Mimto^ 6esh t^pKeeU. raKb mo ohh xpBCTiane TOJbRO no HMeuu; 
no4BJacTHbie pasJiH^HbiM'b MupsaM-b, OHB HCUByTb rpa6e»ceMx, Be4fl 
nocTOflUHbia BoiiHbi cb TarapaMH cb o4Hoii u ct> tIe3rBHaMH cb 
4pyroS CTopoHbi. 0TCK)4a xaRoe aejBRoe ROJHMecTBo paSoBib b pa- 
ubiub, 4epReccRaro, PyccKj^ro, TarapcRaro n ./learHHCRaro npoBC* 
X0HiC4eHbfl, Roiopbixi> npo4aK)T'b ua BceMT> boctokIi; Ha4o npu- 
anaTbCA , «iTo ToproB.iA jio4bMH , coTBopeuHbiMB HO o6pa3y B no 
no4o6iio BoHCbeMy, '4^.10 nocTbi4Hoe. 

MepRecbi HfiRsyT'b no Mopio KacniiiCROMy snjioTb 40 caMbix'b 

PyCCRBXlt, ROTOpblX'b MM dOBCMl) MoCROBBTaMH, BJB 40 yCTbeBX 

BojFB , r4t cTOBT-b ropo4'b AcTpaxaub .... C b ctBepBOH cto- 



O CJABflUA\l> Bl> \MAaoll A3II1, Wh A«t>PI1K'B M Bl> HCnAUlB. 87 

poHU KacoittcRaro MopflPyccKie rpaanHarb CBTarapaMR h ckla- 
TapcKHM-b H<e ujeueHemii y36eKOBb». (^t^paiiu. nepes. 1I,2!2<^ m ca.). 

03'b oTeHeeTBeHUbixit j'bTonHceg uaM-b ysBtcTDo, mto wh 
1552 r* npitaHcauM ri* uapio loauny BaeujbeBHiy HepKaccKie 
KHfl3bii MayuiyKT», 4a KBH'Sh Ueanii £H3du3jyKoBi>, /la TaHaiii)Ki>, 
a4To6bi rocy4apb BCTyaujca bii uhxi>, a iixb cbseujaMu bsaji* ri» 
cedi Bik.xoJonH, h utb KpbmcKaro o6opoUHjii>»; B-b 1555 ro/iy 
npitasKajH HepRaccRie rocy4apH, a j[f04ei cb hhmh 150, iipnuHja 
y uacb Rpemeuie h c(6hjh MejoMi>f sToobi rocy4apb 4aJ'b hmi> no- 
iio4b ka TypcRoro ropo4bi u A30B1» h Ha KpbiMCKoro , a ohm xo- 
^onH ero»; rocy4apeBi> oocoj-b Au4peH LUeneTOBb cRa3ajii npo 
Hyx.i». HTo aoBH 4ajB npaB4y Bceio 3eMjeio». Bit 1557 r. npitxa.iu 
cjyacHTb rocy4ap[0 4Ba HepKaccRHx-b. RHA3a , h np. Bi> tomi> Hce 
ro4y cnpncjaj-b H. HepeMiicMHOBii BacRy BpanccRaro ct HepKac- 
cRHMii Biypaoio cb KajibiHeiifi», orb Ka6apTbiacRHX'b Ruflseii u Mep-^ 
RaccRHX-b , «iTo6bi rocy4apb aewi'bj'b hm b co6t cjywHTii , a Ha 
UlaBRa^'b 6bi noMo^ib ysHHHTb AcTopoxaHcRHSfb BoeB04aMi)). Bi) 
1558 r. npi1>3H;aviB «[i3'b HepRacb 031* Ka6ap4bi 6ojibmoro rhhsa 
A^iB TeMpioROBbi». (H. F. P. VIII, npuM. 416). Bi) 1559 r. 
«npi'ixajii cb ^ouy K. Am. Hb. BitiiiHe»euRoii, a ci> BrnMi) 4io- 
paRi) Mypsa HepRacRo&, h duj-b 4ejuMb or-b bcIiXTi HepRacb, 
"iTo6'b HXT> rocy4apb noHcaaoBa^ii, 4347) obi hmi* BoeB04y ceoero, 
K. ^. BiiuiHefieaRaro, a ci> uhmI) RUHseii 4epKacGRHX'b, 4a K. Ba- 
cujbfl GH6oRa CT> 6paTbeio, u nonoeb xpecmtHHCKuxb, a eeutbxb uxn 
Kpecmumu no uxo o6nAJUflLHhio u no uxn Heuoffumbfo..., IIo «iejo6urbio 
Ka6dp4BueRRXii Ruaaeii h no Henpav4aM'b LUaBKaaoebixb ot- 
Dyi*TBJi> (uapb) BoeB04y Hb. GeMen. ^epeMycuHoea cb TOBapnuiB 
Ha UlaBRajii h ua TiOMeub, r Cb HBaHOMi* omnycmttAb nomi 
xpecmbHHCKte Kpecmumu Ka6apduHcKuxn HepKUcnrt (ib np. 566). 

TyTi* Hce uanoMHBJ'b KapaMsyR'b h cjoBa UocceBHHa, 6biBmaro 
BTi MocRB'^ Bi* 1582 r. h HasbiBaiomaio 4epKeeoBT> xpHcriaHaMB 
PpeiecRofi Btpbi (Moscovia, cTp. 9). 

lTpocb6bi HepRecoBi) y uapH MocROBCKaro nocrvMRi) R-b HHM'b 
CBfluieuHHROB'b B cJOBa FepdepuiTelSuoBb] o6i> ynoTped.ieHiB B'b 
BXit 6orocjiy}KeHiH nauRa CiasHHCKaro , yRajbiBaa ua 4aBHee 
Me)K4y UBMH pacnpocTpaHenie xpticTiaHrTBa h HMeuHO PyccRHMH 
iipoiioBMuBKaMii , iieBojbuo 3aciaB.iaioTb BcnoMiiBTb II no6t4bi 



« / 



88 B. fl. JAMAHCRArO, 

McTHCjasa TMyTapoRaacRaro Ha^-b flcama b KacoraiiR b Pocth- 
ciasa Bjia4i]MipoBRqa, B3iiMaBmaro jiasb ci>KacoroB% an wh Hoixiv 
CTpauax-bn , KOToparo He 4apoM'b me y6oii^BCb FpeRR , b Boro- 
po4HiiKiii BiouacTupb Bi TMyTapoRann, ycxpoeoHbifi BejnRBiii»HB- 
ROHOM-b, MonacTbipb cuaeHbiU: bh4ho oht> hc paa'b Bbicbuaj'b 406-* 
pbix-b nponoB']b4HiiROBi» cJOBa BoHCbJiro b ri> flcau'B b ri> Kaco- 
raMi>. Jl,An eacb sa Bcer4a RcieajiB aiieHa 6biTb MOHC^rb 09 neiiBCH 
rnx'b TBRBX'b qecTBbix'b TpysKeHBROBi*, 4o6pbix'b CTpa4ajbaeB'b sa 
PyccKyio aeBijH). 

TIocA'b 1 094 r. jiiTonBCR HdinB hr paay ae ynoMBBatdrb o 
TMyTapoRaHH. Bi* XI] b. ona jerRo morja yrpaTBTb npe»cHee cBoe 
BHaqeHbe , ho e4Ba ^r iiofjib BcseanyTb B'b aefi 6eai» C4'ik4a tb- 
MoiuHifl PyccRifl nocejenifl. 

B'b XV B. ysKe noBpjiflioTCfl RoaaRB AaoBCRie, a rep6epiuTefiB'B 
roBopHT-b, HTO MepRecbi B'b 6orocjy3KeHiH ynoTpe6jiiiOTT» >i3biR% 

CjaBAUCRlH , ROTOpblS yHCe 04BH'b MOn CJy»CBTb 40CTaT04HOiO 

CKpinoEO B3aBMBbixi> Hxi) CHOuieHiii cb PyccRBMB, npa qeM'b raR- 
Hce He Cwit4yerb 3a6biBaTb b 4aBHBniHHX'b noeejeHifi PyccRBX'B 
B'b sewA^ npR-^oHCRo8, RaR-b yRaabiaaioTb uau'b B3BtcTifl Maccy- 
4B, MapRo-IIojo, I16Hi-BaTyTbi. 

Ha 3Kajio6b] cyjTana AiMypara, aas'bM'b mm nocrpoajB Rpi- 
DocTB Ha 6eperax'b Jlona h TepeRa h T'bsi'b nperpa3K4aeM'b Typ- 
RaM'b nyrb R-b ^ep6eHTy, i^apb 6e4opi> HBaaoBB^ib B'b 1594 r. 
•lepea'b oTnpaBjeaHaro bi* IXaperpa4i> 4BopBHHHa Hcj'fcHbeBa oTB'b- 
Haj'b TSiKi*: ffMbi nocrpoHjiB Rp1;nocTH B'b seMji'b lIJaBRaviCRO& b 
Ka6ap4HHCRoii ne B'b 40ca4y Te6'b, a 4Jii 6e3onacHocTB HCBrejeft. 
Mbi y Bacb HHHero ue othbjih: tid/<aw(ua Ka6apduHCKie u FopcKie 
^ffKaccKit KHRdu u IJOtsKaMCKtA 6buu xojonu Hamu PeacuicKuxb 
npedfbjioeb, u om^ nac^ 36rb0tc(uu C5 Pesanu u eceaujiucb eb topti^ u 
6uau HCAOMb ommf HameMy»* (H. F. P. X, crp. 126 h cji. opaM. 
298). 

Do Moeuy RpaHneMy paayMtHbio cJOBa str 3acjiy9KHBaiOT'b 
caMaro CTporaro BHRMaaiii; cM'bio 4yMaTb, BoopeRR KapaM3auy\ 



1. ccCifl Hoean BCTopU Ka6apiiu ■ ^arecraaa oe yi'bpBja cyjTaea, "ito6u hxi 

KHflSbfl 6UM PaaaHCRBMH BUX04IiaMB : QB'h BB^tj'fc CTpeMJeUifl MOCROBCROII DOJB- 
TMKB Kh npBCBOeHiflM^ Ba BOCTOR^M. 



O CJABJIHAn» Vh MAJOfi A3IH« Bl» A<I>PIIK'B H Bl* HCOAHIH. 89 

HTO aTO e4Ba jh 6acHii. npe40€TaBJiiA no34H']bfiiiiRM'i> 036^^4088- 
BiAM'b onpaB4aTb hjh onpoBeprnyTb 9To Muf>Hie, nojaraio. rto 
nocji'& BC'lx'B npe4i>B4yu]>ixi> coo6pa3KeHi& HaiiiBxi>, ecTb nojuoe 
B TBep4oe ocHoaaHie yTBepHC4aTb, hto cnoiiieaifl PyccRnxx ci> ^a- 
recTaHOH'B 6b] jh 4aBHRii]Hifl, 6e3npepbiBHbiii b npoHHbia, eiue bii 
nepio4i> X— -XYI b.^ raR-b mo OTRpbiBa^u PyccRHMi* 40CTya'b B-b 
M. Adm, TiMT» nyTeMi>, RoropbiMi* a34aBBa npouHRa.iH B-b see, 
RjiRii u'bjbiB nojHBoia, Banp. ryuHOBi>\ Moaro^oB-b^, TaR'b b ot- 
4'bjbHbiB jHria^f ^epes'B ApMeHiio B-b KanDa40Riio b 4ajie. 

Bi> PyccROH cTaTb'fe XV b. aeMJHX-b 3a ApapaTOMi» MeH^4y 
apo^HAfb cRasaeo: alIo&4B na 3ana4'b otx- Apapara no TypeiiRHMi» 
aeMjBM'B Mo»cHo npifiTB B-b Tpane30H4i>9 lXaperpa4'by DJaM-b a 
lepycajBM'BD. 

nosBojio ce.6^ DOBTopnTb CjioBa no<iTeHHaro y^eearo Hamero 
H. B. GpeaneBCRaro 061^ aTOMi> naMBTHHRi cTapuHuofi PyccRou 

CJIOBeCHOGTH : OCRBR'b 6bl HD 6blJI] p^SKH UeBipoaTUOCTH dTOPO 

reorpa4»iiqecRaro onepRa, ohi> o^enb jiio6onbiTeH'b no niiROTopbiM-b 
^aRBbiMTi, a3o6jHqaiooinMi> aHaaie cTpaaii a nyTefi, ae. RaaHcaoCt 
a BarjA4Boe, nepe4aioiiiaBii> cRaaaaie caM0Ba4Uai>. 

EcjH aaRoaem* npaaoMBBM'b caomeaiH PyccRBxi> t;i ApMaaa- 
MB, HcaBinaMB nanp. wh XIV b. ae TOJbRO bi> HaHcaeMii, ao a Mo- 
CRB'b, cb HaReficRBMii rocy4apcTBOM'b, Becbua aaanaTejibabiB C^a- 
BBHCRifl Docejeaifl bi» M. Asia, to aaMi ae TpyAao 6y4eT'b noaaTb, 



1. BavbcTeH'b doxoai* FyBBOBi* bi 430^440 r. CpB. Qi^udian. (in Ruflo. 1. II, 

^* — alii per Caspia claustra 

Armeniasqae niyes inopino tramile ducti 
Inradant Orieolis opes: jam pascua fumaDt 
Cappadocum, Tolucrumque parens Argaeus e.quorum. 
Jam robet altas Halys, nee se^defendit iniqno 
Monte Cilix; Syriae traclus yastantar amoeni; 
Assoetumque choris et laeta plebe canorum 
Proterit imbellem sonipes hoslilis Orontem. 

2. Temyr Chan ineante Ter^ ex Persia Tersus Tanaim moyet, collectoque Tau- 
roscylbarom, Zyccliorum el Abasgorum ingenli numero, eyersisqae oppidis, qua^ 
Bosporo (Cimmerio) adjacent, in Armeniam dein et Cappadociam accessit (Ducat 
Sir. II, 2. S 106. cf. Tatarica S i^^h 

3. Cm. nyr. PyOpyKSHca. 



90 B. U, JAMABGKAro, 

4T0 PyccRHM'b 6mao B03MoaKHo He TojbKO DoctuiaTbM. Abiiu, ho a 
ocTaeaTbCH Bb Reii. CoMutuia Hce bi> 40CTaT04Hoii OTBar'b b ape^*- 
DpiHMiHBocTH uau]HXi> DpejROB'b, Ha4t>focb. coBepmeHHO uanpacHbi* 
Hedib3ii TaKHce ue npHnoMHBTb a^'ikcb, hto npe4RM HaiiiH noMfc- 
niajH pafi ua forb orb KacniHcKaro Mopa h KaBRaacRBxrb ropii, h 
STO apxieoHCRon'b HoeropoACRitt BacHjifi nncawrb Bwia4b]R'b Tsep- 
cROMy (bt> XV B.) •— aA to M'fecTo CBHTaro pan uaxo^na-b Moh- 
c^aBi> HoBoropo^eiib h cbiH'b ero Srobi, h Bctixt» 6bM0 nxi* TpH 
iOMbi, n 04HHa OTib AHxi* norB6ja MHoro 6jy4HBi», a 4Bt bxi* ho- 

TOMli 40Jr0 HUCBjIO MOpe B'krpOM'bf H npUUeCwIO HXI* R1> BblCORHM'b 

rupaMi). U BH4'i>iaa ua ropfa toh HaDHcaBb ^eBcjCb jaaopemii 
qio4Bbiu'b B Be^bMu B34aBjieui» Daqe M']bpbi..*.» aA Tixx, 6paTe, 
nyHceH H Hbmtqa 4iTB a suyqara 4o6pbi 34opoBbi»\ 

DpHiii&HaHle. AHrjiBcRBM'b nocjanHnRou-b bt^ Uaperpa- 
4t B-b 1620 — 1626 r. 6biA'h OoMa PoS. B-b ero OHCbMax-b B-b 
Aarjiio coxpaHHwiHCb 4io6oDbiTBbiii BaB-fecTiii o RoaaRaxi) 3ano- 
poHiCRBXii , noMTR coBepujeHHo 0Bjia4'feBiD«X'b Tor4a MepHblU'b MO- 
peMi>. npe4^iaraeMbiA 34tcb CBt>4tHifl nepeBe4eHbi cb Do^bCRaro 
nepeB04a H'fcMueBBMa — Wyj^lki z negociacii Toraasza Roe posla An- 
gielskiego w Slambule. (Zbior pami^ln. o dawnej Poiszcze. V. str. 
397 B apoH.). 

Ott> 1 iiojH 1622 r. aTaxapbi nooijB onycTouiaxb TTo^buiy, a 
RoaaRB oycTHJHCb Bi> 4epHoe iVlope, ta^ aaxBainjiH Miioro Typeii- 
RBXii Ropa6jefi; Ka^fia Haxo4Hjacb bi> Be.iuRoii onaciiocTH, 4a'iiKe 
Bii caMoii nopTi> 6bija xpeBora (have givenus, at this port, bd ala- 
rum within feu daies). (Sir. 427 — 8). 

Oti> 1 iiojifl 1622. aKo3aRB BbicbiuaJB b'b Mepuoe Mope b 
00H2i4t>jajH Muoro Rpe4ai>. 

Ox-b 30 Man 1623 r. c<Ko3aRB aab BBx-b (TypoR-b) onacute 
MHOPHXii caMbixi) cHJbBtiiuiHxii HeBpiaxejeii, xaRik RaR'b obb M'fc- 
matoxi) 4ocTaBR'fe H;H3HeuBbixii npnnricoBi B'b IIaperpa4'b; ra^epbi 
TypeuKia 40JH«ubi pa34'fejflXbCfl, 4xo6bi jOBBXb RoaaROBii, cxojb 
joBRMXi> Bi> 61>rctBt, Bi> npecatiOBaiUH Roxopbix-b ubxb hu qecxB, 



p. J. VI, HS H CJ. 



CJABflUAlX Bl> MAAO^ A3III, B'b A^^PHR-B H B'b BCOAHIM. 91 

HH npB6biJB. IIojftRB MoryTi) BdA^iiTbCfl ua MRpi), 6y4e ca&iB ne 
iio4a4yTii Q0B04a ri> Bofiu'ikx). (c. 435). 

Ot-b 12 tfapra 1624 r. crUopTa apBroroBjaeTCfl ri> Bofiu'b, 
CHapflSKaer-b aaaTHbiii ^Jior-h ua HepeoM-b Mopt, r4'b y»ce BB4t.iifl 
RoaaKOBii; roBopaTii, hto y uhxi> 300 4aeKi><iJH jo40K'b (batow : 
HCBTe.iH Boc4»opa d'hryx-b Bb CToaBuy». (c. 439). 

Orb 20 iiojfl 1624 r. a9 sacja cero MtciiKa, RoaaRB hb 70 
H^iB 80 ja4bflX'b (qaBRax'b), B'b Ra3K4oii do 50 sejiOB'tRTi , rpe6- 
uoBT> fl BOBUOBTi, DOJbay^cb T'lbM'b BpeMeBeMii, Ror4a RanuTaHiy* 
naraa ornpaBBJCii bii KpbiM'b, ea paacB-feTi bouijh bii Boc«i>op'b, r4b 
paactflBmiicb, rpadajR b mvAii bb pascroaaiB 4 MBjb (AHraiiicR.) 
oTi> ropo4a, Bcfc coc'b4Bia 4epeBBB b 4oafa. BiOK4epe b leuBRoii ua 
rpeiecROMT* , B CTeuA jaa AaiaTCROAHi 6eperax'b , 6biJB rjaBBtii- 
mia MicTifocTB, r4t ohb obabaI^au aejiBROfo b 6oraToio 4o6bi4efo 
H OCTaBOBBJBCb TOwlbRO 3% 9 <iacoBi> flepeji) ooay4HeM'b. Bcfl cto- 
.iBixa H npe4MtcTha 6bUH bi> TaRoii rpeBort, 4T0 cyjrafl'b 4a}Ke 
OTDpaBBJca Ba MopcRoii 6eperb, a Ra&MaRafli» R-b IIopTy. PajH^b 
II;inia B'b ary aeypfljaay caMi* apoB03rjacBj'b ce6a B0/K4eMi>; ae 
BM-bn UB 04B0B rawiepbi roTOBoii b BOopyaceBBOti, codpaji) act aa- 
jHSBbia cy4a, jI04Rb b 6apRB, Boopy^Koj-b bx'b b BouicTHjb bi> 
UH%'b OTi> 400 40 500 sejOBiRi*, ROTopbie BiorjB 6biTb BonaaMB 
B^iB rpe6aaMfl. KoHBBuy a a1>xoTy bt* nviCA'b 10,000 nejoBbKb 
pa.ioc.iBwi'b 4^a aauiBTbi 6eperoBi> otIi 4a.iba'kfimBxi> rpa6ea«e&. 
P'b4R0CTb yBB4iiTb no4o6Hyio xpeBory a cyMaTauy. Mbi 4yiuaja^ 
^To 3TB 6t4abie napaxbi TOTiacb y4aJATCfl, bo obb, saMtraBb 
opHo.iHHcaiomiAca Rb aa^fb Typeuicia jo4Kb, coMRny jacb bo cepe- 
4BHt Raaaja 6ja3K0 aaMKOBii , a BbiCTpoaBmacb B'b nojyKpyr h, 
CToaaa B'b 02Ka4aBiB 6aTBbi; Bi>Tep'b 6bU'b npoTaBHhio a caMB 
OBB BanacTb ae morja. Pajajb Uauia 4a«/i'b npaKas'b oTRptoTb 
oroBb euie aa'b 4ajeRa; RoaaKB aeoTB'bsaja aa e4MabiM'b BbicTpi>- 
jjOM'b, TOjibRo no4njbiBaja to rt* 04H0My, to R-b 4pyroMy 6epe- 
ry. Be BOKaabisaa aa ivfajii^ujaro apaaaaKa R-b. oTCTyajeaiio. lla- 
ma , BB4fl ax-b joBHocTb B oTBdry, 6oflJCfl aaoacTb aa aaxii cb 
CBouMB c^aCbiMB ca^BMB B pa3cy4a.i'b aa ojaro ulsmaTb axi* 4a.]b- 
B'fciiuiBM'b 4'biicTBiiiMi>, TBRi* RBR-b 6oajiHCb Tor4a, <ito oaa apo-- 
BBRayTik Bayrpb CraMoyja , Jiaaieaaaro bcbrob aaiuaTbi. TaRam-b 
odpaaoM-b u-i^^biii 4eab 40 3axo4a cojaua oaa cmI>jo ctoajb a 



92 B. H. JAMABCKAro, 

I 

rpo3HwiH BejHRo8« HO TpeBOHCHOB, CTOJHiiii cslsTa M Bceuy en uo- 
rymecTsy : uaKonem* ci> cBoeio 4o6b]MeK> , npu paaBiiBaBinuxcA 
3HaMeHaxi>9 y4aji]jiicb RoaaKH, npaB4a fieaii ao6b4bi, ho h deai* 
conpoTHBjeHia, 

9to He3Ba*iBTe^bboe o6cTOfltejbCTBO h dTO ^epsKoe ope4Dpifl- 
Tie OTKpbuu yAUBHTe^bHyio ucTHHy o6i» aTOMi» sejuKOM-b rocy^ap- 
cTBty 4T0 OBO, KasaBuieecfl CTOJb rpoaubJMii a Moryu4ecTBeHUb]Mi>, 
Ha 4tji'& cjaoo H 6e33aijauTHO • . . . diodoobiTuo, RaK-b npHMyTi» 
dTO B3Bi>cTie DojjiRH , Ror4a t^mi^ caiubiMb Bapyuieubi Mupubia 
yc40Bifl» (c. 440 — 2). 

Oti» 24 iiOAH 1624 r. ccKoaaRH CHOBa npouuRja B-h Eoc4»op'b, 

C'b <l»j|OTOMl> CB0HM1> Bl* y4B0eHU0M'b ROjIBHeCTBt, Hftltfl Ch COOOIO 

He Bieute 150 ■laeR'B; a bi> Tbuy aa co6oio Be4fl uo4Kp'iD«feuia 

4^fl OOMOQIH JB BT» CJy^di ,Hy9K4bl, HJH 4^H 4pyrHXT» Ra- 

RB]Li» u'^^eS, Obb ocTaBajHCb y 6eperoB'b 3 4Hfl, coHcrjB 4>api» 
(the Pharus) b 4Bt jIb6o rpa 4epeBHB, xpo3HJB Bana4eHieM'b na 
apceBa4T>, mo aasejio BejBRig CTpai^i* Ha bck) CTOjauy. CyxosyT- 
Han cTpanca ooBcio4y 6biJ9 y4BoeHa; HaKOHem> a 4Bt rajepbi 6b]- 
^B BOopyBceBbi 6p04flraMB ^ uaeMBHRaMa, B3flTbiMB C'b y4Bm> b 
Bbicjiaao OROJo 20 wi040R'b 4Jfl CTpasKB, r4i a 4ocejt ocTaiOTCfl 
npa 6X04^ Bi> raBaub; ao R03aRB y4ajnjBCb ci» BejiBRoio 4o6bi4eio 
a TpeBora apomjao (c. 442). 

aIleMe4^eHH0 nocjauo aa RaaHTaHOBii>-DaBieio , aah aaiUBTbi 
CTojib 4ypflo o6eperaeMofi cto^bum. 

[JofiMBHO ntCROJbRO 3a6.iy4IlBU1HXCII aTHXl> paadoBBBKOBii (t. 

e. RoaaKOBb). IIpH 4onpocaxi> obb noKaaaja, «ito MaxMCTX, RHiiab 
TarapcRifi, noMoraerx BM-b bi> arax-b npe4npiATiiixi>f mcta Typ- 
RaM-b aa jauieHie ero 40J}Khocth. Ecjb cnpaBe4^BB0, a oho Bb- 
poHTUo, BaaHMUoe corjamenie aTBXi> 4Byx'b Hapo40Bi> (b}§kaj§cych 
si^), TO OHM cKopo cTaHyTi> onacHbi a croAUixb a BceMy rocy4ap- 
cTBy (t. e. TypeiiK0My)». 

Oti» 18 Man 1626 r. «XaHi» TaTapcRiS aanajii aa nojibmy, 
Tor4a RaRi) ue 3a40.iro oepeJi'B TtM-b dbux aaRjioHCH-b mapHbia 
4oroBup'b. Eparb xaHa, Fapeii (Gehan Gerej), He y^iacTBOBaBmiU bi> 
dTOMi) D0X(>4t, nocjaji> reTMany KoHeunojibcRoiiiy Koniio ci> npa- 
Kaaa cyjTana 0611 aroMb nu\04i>». 



a«AB>IHAXl> Bl MA40ii A3IU, BT* Af^PHK-fe H Bl> BCnAHIH. 93 

I 

a^nBaHb oTKaabisaeTCfl ot'b aroro b eciiiecRH crapaeTCfl npn- 
unpuTbca cb Dojbineio: no6t4a nojHROB-b naAii TarapaMH bbj- 

UlBja BMT* CM'fcjOCTb 003BOJBTb K03aKaMl MCTBTb 3a Ha6ir'b Ta- 

Tapii. Ohb co6paJB yHce 40 700 naeiTB, roTOBbix'b uanacTb Ba. 
3AhuiH\R ORpecTBOCTfl. BoopysKeBie 40CTaB.ieflo bvb on Kopojfl 
EIoJbCRaro. Oun rpo3flTCii BCTynBTb bi> 60S cb ii'ibwiofi apMa40& 
TypeuRoS; 4ajB RjBTBy, ito BOdbMyTii a4MBpajbCRifi Ropa6jb. 
Bet M^CTeHRB B 4epe6BB Ba Boc4>opt 40 caMaro IXaperpa4a Ba- 
X04iiTca B'b BejiBqaHoiefi Tpeaort, rbftfi) 6ojte, ^to ecTb Bpe4- 
CRaaaBie,. rto TypeuRoe rocy4apcTBO 6y4eT'b yBBHTOHceBo Ba- 

p040Ml> cbBepBblRfb. 

0(20 raviepi) CTOBTb BiiRaBajit. KaBBTaBti^Bama BbicryBaerb cb 
40 ra.«epaMB; yHce obi> no BciBBt pa36BT'b crpaxoM'b cbobmii 

C06cTBeBBb1M'b B CBOOFO B0fiCRa» (CT. 452). . 

Il3BtcTBbiii nyTeinecTBeBBBRT) Derp-b 4e ja Ba.i^e, npo- 

HCBBDlifi BtCROJbRO A'kj'h (b1> Ba<I. XVH B.) OpB 4B0prb IIepCB4- 
CROM'b, OCTaBBJ-b USWh TaRHCe HtCROJbRO ^lodoBblTBblXli BdBicTlft 

o R03aRaxi». , 

DpBjaraeMbie 34tcb OTpbiBRB nepeBe4eBbi BauB cb <i»paBay3c. 
Ba4aBifl ero IlyTemecTBia: «Les Fameux Voyages de Pietro delta 
Valle Gentilbomme Romain, surnomm^ Tillustre Voyageur.... a Paris, 
MDCLXIL DepBoe HTa^bflBCRoe B34aBie bmuijo bii 1661 r. 

aBi> 1621 r., roBopBTi* OBi>, RoaaRB IIojbCRie BomaB bi> ycTbc 
MepBaro Mopfl b npoBBRJB 40 raMoQ TiopeMBoii 6auiflfl (Tour des 
prisons) b Dpe4MicTiii KoBCTauTBBonoa^,. r4t obb aaxBaTBJB 
orpoMBoe ROJiBHecTBo padoBik, TaR'b ^To BCwibMOMCB TypeoRie bc 

CM^JIB. Cb arOB CTOpOBbI X04BTb 4Jfl ppOryjORl B'b CBOB ca4bi, 

opB BB4'fe KosaROBTi, 6'btzBmvi\'h noBCi04y cii ca6jiaHB Bb pyRaxi* 
B BBr4'k Be BCTptqaBiBBX-b conpoTBBJteBiAX) (HI, 188). 

^e ja Bajvie, Bcer4a, no ero cjoBaMT), OTAH^aACH cenmoK) Be- 
BaBBCTLK) R'bTypKaM'b B AAH Topo co6cTBeBBo upi'kxaA'h B'b Hep- 
ciio, qTo6bi y<iacTB0BaTb B'b BoiicRaxi* ea npoTBB-b TypoRi^. afl 
Bcer4a, npo4o.i2KaeTi> obx, nepe4yMbiBajii mbohccctbo pa3JB>]Bbix'b 
cnoco6orb 4^h ncTpedjenia dToro 4ep3Raro napoja n TiMi>excBoe& 
CTopoBbi c4i>^iaTb ^To BB6y4b B'b BOJbsy xpBCTiancTBa. fl y6t4BJCfl 
flaRoflea'b, «iTo caMoe jyqmee 4^a Toro cpe4CTB0 — BaaBMBbiS cok)3i> 
loaxa nepcB4CRaro ci> HtROTopbiMii Bapo40M'b xpacTiaBCRBMi*, Ba- 



94 B. H. JAMAHCRArO, 

3biBaeiibiM^ ffoaaRauH, ROTopbie TRHByrh y Hepaaro iiopn, npn 
ycTbAXi) ptuH «^Hl>npa. 

aripeHC4e Bcero cji^iyerb sauiTiiTb, mo RoaaR-b ne ecTb hma 
Hapo^a, HO TO^nbi Ji04e& paaHbixi) aabiKOB-b h pasHbix-b ceRT'b, 
xoTA OHH Bct xpHCTiaHe, 663% HceHi), 6e3i» 4l>Teji, Ce^i* 4omobx; 
OHH HCHByrb bti HeaaBiicHMocTH H He npHauaiOTb HHRaRoro rx>- 
cy4apfl. Ohh yRpuBaioTCii B4a^H oti> ropo40E'b bi* caMbixi> yHcac- 
Hbix-b M'fecTax'b, aa jtcaMH hjh ropaun rjh ptRaMu, coaepaieHHo 
HeapHCTynHbix-b. no4o6HO Hamaifb 6aH4HTaii'b, ohb noBHHyiOTCfl 

ROMy HH6y4b H31i CBOHX-b MCe, DpnSHaBail HX1» CBOBMH UJIHaJbHHRa'* 
MH, H HCBByT-b 04HBM'b rpa6e}KeM'b U 406b]<ieK). Ho OHB p-JbaKO OT- 

jflsaiOTCii T'iku'b OTb 6aH4BTOB'b HauiHxi» , HTO He rpa6aT'b Toro 
rocy4apcTBa9 b% ROTopoMi* HCHByTii, Ror4a cHomeHin hxii cb ro- 
cy4apeM'b He HMiiiOTT> uHRaRBX-b He4opa8yM'feH]H ; BanpoTBB-b Toro 
BaaTbie bi* apuiio, ohb Be4yT'b ce6a pbiuapcRB^necTHO (en gens 
d*honneur) b cjyxcaT'b co Bceio bo3mo»cuoh> BipuocTbio. Ohb no^ 

CTOflUHO Ha BOeHHOii H0rt» bo Bpe4'b B Ha CTpaXT* CBOHMl* C0C'fc4aM'b 

8paraMT», TypRau-b b MycyjbMauaM'b. Borb DOTony-TO rocy4apfl 
rfax-b cTpaHii, r4'b RoaaRH HCBayT-b, ne TOJbRo bxi> He npecj'fc- 
4yio'rb, HO 4aHce CHa6aKaE0'rb uxi* npHnacaMB b 4eHbraMH 00406H0 
TOMy, RBRi* TypoRi* npHHBMaerb 0041) cBoe noRpoBBTeJbCTBo Rop- 
capoBx BapaapiiiCRBX'b na BCTpe6jeHie xpBCTiau'b. 

fiEcTb paaJBHHbia BoHcRa KoaauRiii, cMorpa do MicTHocTB, naop. 
BTiPorciB BAB Bi* MocROBiB, qTO 04U0 H Towe, BJB y KaenibcRaro 
Mopa, H4B B-b Bepx-b ooBojiri, h 4ajiie B'b rjy6b cTpaub] 40 piRa 
^oua B AaoBCRaro uopa. EcTb TaRHce RoaaRB. b y Hepuaro Mopii 
B BO MHorHx-b 4pyrBX'b .uicTaxT* RopojeBCTBa [lo^bCRaro. H uh- 

Rpr4a B B'b MblCJlflX'b HeBMtj'b COtOai) R03aR0BT> PyCCRBXli cbEIep* 
ClAHaMH, nOTOUy HTO ohb BCi epeTBRB BjIB CXBSMaTBRB B HCBSyrb 

Bib aesut MocROBUTa, ROTopbiii, 6y4y<iB aapaHcen-b 3a6wiyH€4eHiiiMB 
FpeROBii, o6biRH06eHUo odbflBwiaerb ceoa HaoiBMi* BparoMi> b ob- 
TaeT-b Rii ./laTHHaM-b cBjibuoe oTBpaaieHie. DpHTOMb KoaaRB Pyc- 
cRie 4OB0jibHO 4ajeRB OT-b TypoRi> a ne MoryT-b BX-b CB4bRo 6e8- 
noROBTb, Cb nepciAHaMB Hce He* Bci ohb B'b opiaaHeHHbix'b otho- 
meuiax'b: raR-b ohh uept4R0 rouaiOTca no KacniticRouy Mopio a 
no Bojrb aa cy4aMB IIepcH4CRBMH b oTbiMaioT'b y hbxt> Toaapbi: 
xoTa AlocHOBHT'b B aaR.iiOHaeT'b 4pyH(ecTBeuubie 4oroBopbi cb Qep- 



O CJABAHAl-b Bt MAJOfi A31U, Vb A4»PflK« U BX BrOAHIB. 95 



cmuaMH, H OHM qacTo 4pyrb kx ^pyry OTapaBwiiiioTi> nocojbCTBa, 
04HaRo ara ApymSa 6ojke HapyHctiaa h opHtBopuaa, niMi* ^tii- 
CTBHTejbHaa h BCKpeHHfla. Ouh HeuaBH4aTi> 4pyi^ ^pyra no muo- 
rBM'B npBmfHaiii>, ooctoahho ycHJBBaioiiiHMGfl oti> bxt* cocIhA" 

CTBa .B T0pr0B4». nOTOMy-^TO aOCTOnUUO MOefO MblCIbH) 6blJl> 

cof03i> K03aKOBi» IlaibCRflx^ cb DepciAHaMB, BBieBBo Tkx-b^ qro 
HCBByf-b apa ycTbax'b ^Binpa, B-b oa.iaTKaxii a xBHCHaaxTi, ae- 
4ocTyoBiiix'b aHKOMy do npHHaai 80411 a 60JOTI1, bxi> oKpysKaio- 

IA|BX1>, TaK'b HTO BX1» BeBOaUOSKBO 6e300KOBTb, BJB TpeBO>KBTbt 

HB no4oiiTB Kii BXi> jarepio bb ch cyma, aa cb uopa. 

Bi^dTOMi) Mttcrb Bcer^a aaxo4HTca 6oA'he 2-x'bTbicflHb oTJaq- 
Hbixik coJ4aTb, KOTopbie SBMoio oxpaaaioTb cy4a a opyncbe, 4^- 
^aioTi* 6e30pecTaiiab]e aa6'brM aa EBponeifCRax-b Tarapib, CBoax'b 
eockdeik; ^tTOH'b ace, KaKi> TOJbRo apoueceTca apo aaxi> BicTb, 
HTO oaa roTOBAT'b RaKoc an6y4b ope4npiflTi» aa Mop'b, to Maoace- 
CTBo 4pyrax'b RoaaROB-b, opaB.ieRaeMoe 9Kaac40io 4o6biqa, cTe- 
saiOTca Ri> aaMi» a3i> 0RpecTabixi» MtcT'b^ co Bcero Do^bcaaro 
RopoueBCTBa. Bbiopaaii b3t> cBoeii cpe4bi caMbixi> xpa6pbix'b vh 
Haia-ibBBRB, oaa aycRaioTca bI) nope ci» MaorosacjeaabiuB caja- 
MB aa Tpexi* CTaxT> a dbtb cTa5iLi> 404Raxi» a^a Ma^eabRax'b ra- 
jeoTaxT» fl 4aH(e 6oj']be; aa aaxit noM'ibuiaiOTCfl 'leTbipe, aiecTb, 
cenb a oceHb Tbicanb oT6opabixii coj4arb, ROTopbie Bii to sko 
Bpeufl OTJBsaue Mopawa b uaTpocbi; a Bib arofi orpoAtaoii Maccfe 
jio4eH aiTi* qexoBtRa, Roropbia 6hi ae 6bM'b cnoco6eai> ri> ac- 
DpaBjeiiiiO B'fecRO^bRax'b 40JH€aocTefi. 

TaRBMi* odpaaoM-b oaa oTopaB^aioTca aa TypoR-b, 8a6apaiorb 
Bce, 4T0 aa aoacTp'feiaiOT'b aa uopis, a cTa.ia 'y?Ke TaaaMB ot- 
jBHBbiMB napaTaMB, HTO cy4a TypeuRia (ies cararauseaux) a act 
Bxi» ToproBbia cy4a BbiatinaaifB 4i>T0Mi> yme ae c«iiJB oyeaaTb- 
ca Bi»Mope. Oaa ae 40B04bCTByioTCfl 04aaR0 MopcRBM'b rpa6ea<eM'b, 
BO pa3opaK>Tii a TBep4yio aeHJiio Taicb, <ito b'^t'^ Tenepb Typeu- 
Roii MtcTBocTB aa 4epao.M'B Mopi/ ROTopoa 6bi oaa ae 06^34^- 
BajB BJB ae rpa6Bja bjb 4a3Ke ae pa3opa4a. Meac4y npoiBM'B 
Cwiont^ ropo4'b aecbMa aacejeaabiii a np6c4aB.ieaabi& MaTpB4a- 
TOM'B, BCDbiTaj'b BX'B ratBii. Ka^0a^ xora a cTOjanabiii ropo4'b 
TaTapcRBXit xaaoB> B-bEapont, aeMori* asdiacaTb axT» aacajba, a 
caMbitt Tpaneaonmb aicROJibRO pas'b 6bMi> 40B04BM'b bmb 40 no- 



96 B. B. JAMAHCKAro, 

Cwii4He& KpaHuocTH, B ecAB He aajg-h nepe4i» hbub b'b oocj-bAnie 
ro^bi, TO H'fcRorAa BtpoHTBO 6y4eTi> opBHy»c4eui> bm-b c4aTbCH h 

yCT^DBTb 0peB0CX04H0fi CBwii. 

T)pKB e»Cer04B0 BblCbMBEOTl* BpOTBB-b BBX1> Bd'b KoBCTaBTH«- 
BOOOJIfl BOeBBUB CBJibl, ROTOpUB BX BaHdJ'b COCTOflJB BCRJIOHH- 

Te^bBO U3i> ra^eoTOB'b, BOTOMy qro 4i&CTBBTejbflo TOJbRo aToro 
po4a cy4a dpuro^ubi aa dToiii* Mopt, vAh aeuBoro raBaBefi, a to 
yaRia, b o6biRBOBeBuo BpB ycTbiixii piH'B, b vAk MBoro Mtcrb 

MewlK0B04BbIX'b, Ry4a 06bIRU0BeBB0 YRpblBaiOTCfl RoaaRB, B Ky4a 

6o4buiBM'b cy4aii'b Bpoxo4'b Be 40CTyoeB'b. HaRoaea-b TypRB, yBB- 
4aB'b, HTo <i>peraTbi bxi» Be bm^jb HBRaRoro 4tficTBiii b ito obh 
6biJiB 6e3ao^e3Bbi a TojbRo ^ito yMBOHcaju co6ofO 4o6biqy Roaaii* 
Ryio, yBejB<iBwiB cbob cajbi ae T04bRo orpouabiH'b ROjBHecTBOM'b 
j[040Ri> B ra^eoTOB'bj ao flpBcoe4aBBJB R-b bbm'b abcROJbKO ac- 
Ra4p'b B3'b 6oJbmBX'» ra^epb. TaR-b MeBC4y aposBH'b oaa oTspa- 
BBJB TaRifl cBJbi, Bi* TO BpeMA, Ror4a B 6bi4'b Bi Capia, Bl> 1616 
Tm B04'b aa'iajbCTBOH'b reaepaja MaxMemt Uarnu^ cbiua HaRa^u 
fl 4BOiopo4Haro 6paTa cyjiTaaa. KpoMis orpoMBaro R04B*iecTBa fle- 
dojbuiBX'b cy40B'b, oai) BZRA'h ch CO6O10 4ecBTb do^bfliBxi* fl ca* 
Mbixii jy^imax-b riaijepi, dbiBBiBx-b Tor4a B-b KoacTaaTBBODOji. 
Co Bciu'b ribM-b ero yqacTb ae 6bua cnacT^BBie ero flpe4QiecTBeB- 
BBROBii; BanpoTHB'b, OBI) BCBbiTai'b Bejaqafimifl aec^acTiii, boto- 
My iTo R03aRB pa36Bjifl ero (Pjotti, o^aba^aia Me3K4y aponaifb 
4ByMfl ero 6ojibniHMa ra^epaMB a odpaTB^ia ero Bi* 6trcTBo. Do- 
cjt TaRaxii Bo6t4'b a apeRpacabix-b ycBixoBi), ROTopue ae mo- 
ryrb ae BaymaTb xpa6pocTB a r.op4oCtB Bo6']b4BTe^AMi>, a aaM-b 

Dpe40CTaB.ABIO fl04yMaTb, BM'iblOT'b AVk R03aKB npaBO Ba4'iiilTbCfl 

a'ibRor4a aa hto aH6y4b 6oj'fee BOdBbimeaaoe (droit de pr^tendre 
UB jour a quelque chose de plus relev^). fl aaM^b cRancy TOJbRo, hto 
B cjbima.i'b OTi) Bflxi), hto obb aa4'fciOTCfl co BpeMeaeMii 0Bja4tTb 
KoacTauTBBoao^eM'b, a yBtpeubi, <ito ocBo6o»c4eaie aTofi cTpaau 
Bpe4ua3uaHeao axii xpa6pocTu, a opopoqecTBa, ROTopbia oaa o 

TOH'b BM'blOT'b, flCBO BMliTO Bpe4CRa3blBai0T'b ^ KaRli 6bl TO TdMl) BB 



1. Bl ■8B^CTBUXli HHi MaJOpOCCliCKHZ'L AJMSZl ■ D'feCBHZ'fc Jl BBR0r4a BB 

Bcrptviajni BupaseBifl aroik ua4es4u. Hai BejBRopoccittCKBx-b xe Hat RaB^craa 
04Ba , ROTopaa abipaacaerii ary Ba4esAy aecbMa bcbo b onpe4'b<iBTejbBO. Oaa aa- 
OBcaBa r. Tyjaeaun-b. 



O CIABflUAX'b B-b MAJOfi A3IH, B'b A<l»PaR« H &h HCDAUIH. 97 

6i»uo, BO wh HacToamee BpeMfl ohb secbua MorymecTBeuubi ea 
Mepaou-b Hopt a nivb coMHiflifl, hto ec^a oaa ocTaHyTca ua 
GBoem , TO BBRTo B flflKor4a ae ocjuijBTCH ero QcnapHBaTb y 
Bax3». Bto MorymecTBO bx-b bactb ue cb Bbiutmaaro aur b ae 
Be^aBBo ctajB obb crpamabi aa dTOMb Biopt, tbrI) saKx cy^raait 
Alypa4i» BCTynaji-b ci» bbmb wh 4oroBop'b b atKOTopbia MHpabjfl no- 
^oHceaifl (accomodemens) KacaTejbBO dTBX'b4']kjii>9no4DBcaBHbiH ero 
eo6cTBeBBQio pyRoio, coxpaaaiOTCfl renepb y jueaii. Xota apoiujio- 
jme do^ie TpB4uaTB shr-b cb Ti>xi» aop-b^ ao TypKa ae Moryr-b 
BX-b ae TOJbKo BGTpe6BTb, BO fl 04epHcaTb aa4'b hbmb KaKyio-jB6o 
noBepxuocTb: BanpoTBBi* Toro cb Ka»c4biii'b 4aeMi» oan cTaaoBBT- 
CJi Bce MorymecTBeaate: ecTb ao aroBiy ocaoBaaie aa4tATbCfl, hto 
OTb Bbiai aaaneaie BX'b craaerb ace 6owite b 6o4te* BoapacTaTb* 
H ^TO OBB cTaayrb ao4'b Roaeu'b fleno6'fc4BMbiuB. 

Ilocwit cepbe3abixi> pa3«biaijeaiii o HbiatmaeBi-b coctobbib 
BX'b Ahjn^ o^-b BX'b aojBTBHt a apasax'b, ROTopbie n Ba<iawii> yme 
npBCTajibBo aa6ji04aTb eme a-b Hxajia (dans la Cbr^tiente), a ao- 
TOMi* 6jB»ce Bi» KoacTaBTBBono^-b, aoc^t arax'b \)a3iMb]iBjeaifi, a 
He coMaiBaiocb » ^to oaa o6pa3yiOT'b B'bRor4a aecbiia Moryuie- 



Kasib BBAajieqa, aa-b <iBCTa nojiji» 

■31b paadOJbBoa, nai* aiBpoRoaa, 

BbitaBcaerb TjTh CTapull KasaRii; 

crapit crapott Kasax'b, ILi bfl MypoHeii'b , 

■a cBoeMii OB'b.Bi 4o5poH'b uoah* 

Ha j^BOtt 6ejp^ ca6jB ocTpaB, 

BO npasott pysi ryno Konbe. 

Obi* rynuMii RonbeMi» noAOBpaercB, 

CBoeii xpa6pocTbM> aoxBa4BeTCB ; 

HTO, Be4urb JB Bon* bi» Uap^rpaA^ 6biTb, 

fl CTapuxik TypxoB'b BCtx-b ooBupyfijR), 

Hai04bix-b Typiar-b bo nojoBi Boabay. — 

— BoTii B cblixaacji ELibB ci» TypKoai* dorarupevb. — 

OiB'b noAAtj-b Typsa ea Tyoo koomb, 
oo'b nofiecb Typsa bo ^bcto noje, 
BO <iflCTO aoje ko cbbio HopR>; 
oa-b 6pocaj-b Typxa bo caae aope. 
KaBi* caae nope BCK04e6aJ0CB, 
aa oecca B04a 



7H. BAD. — CI. 



<_ 
'/ 



9g B. H. JtAMABCKAVOf 

cTBewayio pecny6^iiKy, TaK% KaKi* do Moeuy MH'fcHiio, aoatteHHTMe 
CnapTauttbi, tosho raKxce KaK-b Ciiaiijiaabi, Kapeareuflee h 4aace 
PflMJAHe, a B-b Hauie Bpena To^aaHAau, ue dArkia tbrbxii npe- 
Kpacubixi H cTOJb cqacwHBbix'b Ha4aTR0Bi». B'b xoM-b HtxT, erne 
6ojikinoH BaacBOCiB, mo ohb ^loettbi nocTOABHbixii sKflaaoi'b, ae 
aMiiOTi> wea-B a cj'b40BaTejbB» noTOVCTBa a saROBHbii'b Bac^t4- 
aaROB'b, h6o Kpoul Toro qxo, aa aaQiax-b raaaax'B hhcao am* 
aaasBTejibao yBiBOMca^ocb, oaa caaiB BtpoBTHO ueHyBCXBaie^bBa 
a Ma-io do Majy y6*Aaxca bt. Heo6xo4BMOcxa waxb BV'&cxi cb »e- 
aaua, xaK'b KaK-b iiaoi ie arb aax-b a Cea-b xoro afieaaxbi, a 4pyrie 
B b paaeoax-b cbobx-b eepyx-b cefi^b wea^, o6pai]|aiKb ex. aaiia, KaK> 
c-b pa6biBiiMa, a Bpo4aBafl ax*, Kor4a bm^to 3a6jiaropa3cy4BTCfl. 
Hxo Kacaexc!^ 40 x-fcx-b, hio WBByxxi B'b cpaflx-b 6o^te ar4a4eH<- 
abix b, xo 6e3T» coMataia, oaa aoBByx-b ct. cbobmb aKeaauH a 4*8- 
cxBuxeJbuo y bbxt, y»e Ba4axb aasaxBa apoiaott oci4JocxB. 

Kopojib DwbCKia, rocy4apb xofi cxpaau, bt. KoxopoB oaa 
yxBep4B4BCb, xoxa o6biKBOBeBBO HCBBexi. BT> MMp* c-b TypKaMB, 
04HaK0 6epexT> Bx-b noA-b cBoe aoRpoBHxejibcxBO , noMoraex^ Bii-b 
4eBbraBiB a Bctin», stiii» Mowexi.. Hacxo obt, ycxpaiiBaex-b aaaa- 
peaie ax-b cb TypKaMH, a Kor4a oua npoa3Be4yxb haKoe UB6y4b 
oaycxoineaie b-b bxt. aeMJflx-b, xo obt* onpaB4biBaexcfl, yxBepHC4aa, 
Hxo Bc-fe oaa 4104B BopoBCKie, a rxo oht» ae rocy4apb axT», xoqb 
Bb xoHb, KaKT. nocxynaji-b apurepuon. ApcxpiScKia ex. BeBeuiaaa- 
Ma, KacaxeJbHO VcKOKOB'b. 

Hbiat H xoponio oaBaKOMBwicfl co BdbMi» axanxt BopB4ROii'b 

4*^1, a aaaio, hxo B4a4tBia inaxa nepcM4CRaro npocxapaioxca 

noHxa BDJOXb no Hepaoe Mope, Meac4y ROXopwMT* a npe4taaiiB 

ero BMnepiB ae aaxoABXca BBsero, RpoMt KopoaeBCxaa Ko^xbam 

(Colchos), BJia 04B0& nacxa, HaawBaeMoa aaase 4odiViii», a do Ty- 

peuKB MumpuiH, bjb 4pyroa npoBHuuia, npaBa4Jea;amea Tpy- 

aaHam. a jiewamefi b^ wopio 6jBwe Bctxx. 4pyrMXT., opaaBaio- 

miixT, paaubixT. rocy4apeB, xoxa hxt> mo»bo npoaxa bt. naxb, 

uiecxb4Beli. fl y6t4B4ca, hxo Raaaba TpyaaBCBic, acBBymie bt> 

aeMjt, ox4tJaiomeil nepciaaBBa ox-b Hepaaro Mopa, act xpa- 

cxiaae a hxo noxoay caMOMy 4pya«6a RoaaROB-b cb aaua ae mo- 

wexT> ae 6bixb 44fl bbxt* HeBbiro4aoio , xaR^ RaRx* ex. noMoiuiio 

RoaaKOB-b oaa jerne Moryxi. upoxaBBXbca TypRain>, cbobmt. coc*. 



O CAABflHAX'b Bl lfA.AOB AMH, B'b A«frPBK'B B B'B BCnABIB, 99 

4aMi», KOTopbie, ecJB a b6 TpeBOHcari: Bx-b, to noTOny TojbRo, 
«iTo Be MoryT'B, aa uaaoAOCTynHOCTiio cipaabi; rhwh ae ueate 

OASaRO OHR BSBMatdT-b Cl> BBXli auaTBblH B04aTB9 yOJaTOlO ROTO- 

pbixik PpyaBBu, TaRi» CRaaaxb, noRynaiOTik iiBpi» b ToproBJio cb^ 
TpaoeaoHTOMi* b ct* 4pyrBMH ropo4aMB. To«iho TaR»e yaipsjca 

a , STO DO CRjIOHBOCTB B4B 6ofl3HB B^a4'ibTe.lB dTB Be OTRaHCyTCfl 

coe4BBBTbca Cb IlepcifltfaMB, ROTopbixi» Be Tpy4uo 6y4eTi» aa- 
CTaBHTb OBJOEO BJB Ao6poBOJbflo y6i4BTb 4apoBaTb HWh u Roaa- 
KaM-b CBo6o4y oyrefi b ToproB^B^ 40CTaBBTb Bu-b deaouacBOe y6t« 
»came, 0TRy4a 6bi RoaaKB aerRO MorjB TpeaosKBTb goc^jbib 
TypepRiB aeiijia, qero noBMai obb ae ;iiorjB« TaR'b RaRib ooRa ohb 
cocTaB4fliorb erne ropcTb .iio4eii b sKaayTx aa 4pyroM'b 6epery 
Mopfl. BoTb 00 Bclm* aTflVb-To apfl'iBBaM'b fl piimajca BcanecRB 
CTapaTbCfl oob arou'b coioai. TImi* aaa^iBTejbao yaeAB^iBABCb 6bi 

CBJbl ROaaROB-b B OOJiyHBwIB 6bl T0r4a B0aU03Ka0CTb He TOJbRO 

rpa6BTb a y4ajflTbCA9 RaRi> to 6b]40 noBuat, ao Cb nouoiubio 
nepciAB'b a o6opoaflTbcii opoTBBii TypoR-b, oco6eBHO a-b dToii 
crpaai TpaneaoaTCRofitt* (II, 263 — 269). 

^e 4a Ba44e yxce caH-b' 4yMa4'b 6bi40 IxaTb ri» RoaaRaM'b, 44fl 
aaR4io«ieHiii dToro eofoaa, rbri ycjbixa^-b, qro 04BB'b aa'b xpa- 
criaacRBX-b rocy4apeH, to jb B4a4iTejbMBurpejifl, to 4b Fypiajib, 
STO 64B9Ke R'b TpaoeaoBTy , yace 4aBBo acejajii BCTyoBTb a-b 
cofoaii Cb RoaaKauB, ei^ toio we u'fejbio, hto ope4CTa64eHa Bbime. 
aOa'b nocbuaj'b ri BBM'b nacbiia a D04apRB9 a a-b aaaR'b caoei 

B^pBOCTB, OWh 04apa4'b BX'b Ha4eHbRaua aOJOTblMB RpeCTBKaMB, 

ii6o Bii aTBX'b cTpaaaxik, RorAa xoTBT'b cRaaaTb npo Roro, *ito obi^ 
xpNCTiaaaH-b b opHToifi» 4o6pbi^ xpBCTiaHBB-b, TO roBopaTii npo 
nerOi hto obi* Jiodarb RpecT'b, a oo^iBTaHie, emy ORaabisaeiioe, 
cjyaKBTb 4y4mRiifi» Touy 40Ra3aTe4bCTBOH'b; oxii <iero a iipoacxo- 
4Hrb, >iTo eaMB MaroMeTaae b max-b nepcB4CRiii CHBTaioT'b Aa- 
r4a4aHi> o<ieflb 4ypHbiUB xpacTiaaaua a epeTBRaMB, noTOMy hto 
OBB BeBaBB4arb Rpecrb (d^iesteni la croix). Upe440H(eBie dTo 
KoaaRauB 6bi40 npaaaTO BeebMa oxotho b cb pa4ocTbfo. Obb ysKe 

HiCROJbRO paaii npBX04B4B Cb CBOBHB MOpCRBUB aB4ailB Wh eiO 

raBattb, ta^ oB'b axi* opuBBMa4ib secbua 4acR0B0 , xotb TypRB aa 
arc RocJiTca , mo 04aaRo aoace ae Mtfliaerb RoaaRaii'b coapoaosR- 
4aTb a OyRcapoBaTb TopruBiaifl cy4a FypiaAbCRia. 



100 B. H. JAMAHCRArOy 

nucajii jrn ohi* RoaaKaafb o coioa'ib ci> nepcifluaaiH, rjh »ce 
OHU caJMU Toro ooHcejaaH, TOjibKo utcRo^ibKo M'ibcAueBT> tomj Ha- 
8a4ii, <i»JOTi> HX-b Bi> 2,000 qejOBtKi) npucTaa'b icb ycTbami. piRu, 
H OHH 3a4>iiaJH9 ocTaBHBii cy4a cbob y cofoauHRa, oTopaBUTbCJi 
cyxHMi> oyTeMi* Bi* Elepcifo h npcAJOHciiTb cboh ycjyrn mazy 
Tlepcu4CK0My vrh apuroTOBJaeMoii BM'b Bofia'fe npoTHBii TypoR-b^ 
Bik Ha4eH«4t BipoflTuo ua 4o6bi>iy h na to, sto act MtcTa« roto- 
pbifl HM-b npii4eTCA^ 6paTb9 nu-b 0T4a4yTi> na paarpad^enie. Hx-b 
BeJHRtfl npHroTOB^ieHifl y»ce npflBejH bi> nauH<iecRiH crpaxii bcio 
CTpany OKpecTuyio; uo paacsBTaaii, ^to, ee auafl npe4BapiiTeJbHo 
BO An maxa, ue xpucriaHHBa, KOTopoMy C4t40BaTeJbH0 BBipaTbCfl 
onacHO, 0HB'Bbi6pawiB aai* cpe4bi CBoefi 40 qe^oetR'b, caMbixi* 
p'feooBTejibHbix'b B oTBasKHtfiioHX-b H oTnpaBHJB HXii Ri* maxy 
nepcB4CK0My 4Ja Dpe4BapBTejbHaro corjiameHiA. (11, 270 — 
272). 

B.ia4tTeJb HuepeTiB , qepeai* aemiio ROToparo npoxo4BjB 
aTB 40 R03aR0Bi>, eoBiiTora^'b HBi'b ee xo4HTb BctM-b, a orppa- 
BBTb Ro 4Bopy IIepcH4CR0My Roro HB6y4b o4Boro. Obb TaRli B 
C4t4ajiB B nociajiB o4Horo RoaaRa — GTenana, ROTopufi, no cio* 
BaMi) ^e ja Bajjie, 6bui> RarojBR'b, po40M'b no^flRi>, roBopBBuiiS 
DO MocROBCRB. hi> RaTO^HURaMi GreDaHa RoaaRa Hejbafl ue co- 
HHiBaTbca, noTOMy sto «^ejia Bawue BOo6pa»ca4'b, qro RoaaRB Tlojb- 
cRie 6o4bineK) <iacTbio Bcb Raro^iBRB: ales Cosaques de Pologne, 
Chretiens et presque tons CalhoUquesh (II, 269). 

Stoti* CTeDaai RoaaRi Haxo4Bjca bti 4>epa6a4'6 niRoxopoe 
apeua B'b BecbMa 3aTpy4HiiTejibH0Mi> oojoHceBiB: hb oui> IlepciaB'B, 
HB OHB ero Be nouBMajB. HaROHeu-b, yauaai* o ^e Aa Ba4Je, obi» 
o6bacHB4'b euy ace aa CjIobbxi. He nojiyqaa 40Jro RBRaRoro ot- 
BiTa, 6e3noRoaeb o CBoea y<iacTB, RoaaR'b CTeoaHTr p'ibuiBJicfl Hca- 
joaaTbCfl caMOMy luaxy b yjysBBii 04RaHC4bi apeMfl, no4aji» euy 
»<a4o6y ua y^Bui. 

ttlUax'b ee opBUflj-b, rosopBTi* Jlfi ja Bajje, b ae ^BTaa-b ea, 
ocTaHOBBJi) ROBA, DpB3Baji'b 9<i»eH4iap'B Eera a 4pyrBX'b r^aBH'ibB- 

IDBXTi AUWh §311 CBOeS CBBTU B, DO CBOeuy o6blHaiO, Ba4MeBBO 

cRa3a^T> BMT>: «tBbi He iitaBTe axaxT* 4i04eH, ax'b xpa6pocTB^ ue 
saaere, kslki* hbao cb hhmb o6paaiaTbCA. B'ib4b axo h3^ xixii, 4to 
DOBeatBaiOTx ua Hepaoui* Mopi, «ito bsajb cxo^ibRO ropo40Bi»9 



O CjIABAUAXX B1> MAJOii A31H, Wh A<I>PBR'& B Bl HCOAHIU. 101 

TO B TO ua4'ikja4B TypRaiii>», npa sen b oub nepe4HCJB4i> pa3.ifl4- 
ubiii o6cTOiiTejbCTBa. «Oub uoryr-b HaMi> 6biTb eecbMa aojeaHu h 
OEcasaTb 6ojbinifl ycayrii»; no4'b Kouem» ohi> CKaaa^-b, hto xohcti* 
Bocnojb30BaTi»cA KoaaKuMB. DoioMy 0Hi> b opBRaaaji) o6pa[iiaTbCA 

4 

ch aryMi* R03aK0Mi> B'JkacjBBO b aacROBO, <iTo6bi He 6biA0 y Hero 
ue4oeTaTRa Bb BBut, b6o nepcijiHaM-b aaBicTHO, 4to RosaRH Bbi- 
DBTb jiiooHi'h; uiax-B BesiiAi> TaRHce no4apHTb oti> uero RoaaKy 
uaTb4ecfl'rb aexBHOBb Ha ero y4OBO4bCTBi09 bx o»cB4aHiH 4pyroro 
D04apRa, 6ojte 3uaHBTe4bHaro , Ror4a oH-b OTopaBBTCA Ha'3a4'b». 
(11, 275—276). 

Boo6ujie cosHueHie Ae ja Baaae, cRajKy bx aaRwHOHeme, sa- 
cjyHCBBaex'b BBBMauia PyccRBXi> no MuorMU'b OTMomeHiflMi*. 

Cm. TaKSKe Pessina — Ucalegon Germaniae, Italiae elPoloniae 
Huugaria flamma belli Turcici ardens produclus a M. Tfaomaloanne 
Pessiua de Gzecborod, decano Litomislensi et marchionatus Mora- 
viae hisloriographo. Pragae. Typis LDiversil. in Coll. Soc^ Jesu ad 
S. Clementem. Anno 16 63. 

y6'b»c4afl DojAROB-b no4HATbCA npoTBBi> TypoRi*, aBTopi* ro- 
BopBTi» iifeH;4y npoHBMi*: 

« Qua in re utinam quoque Poloni banc oblatam ultro a Deo 
immorlali occasionem arriperent, et spe recuperandae Moldaviae, 
Vaiacbiae et Bessarabiae, quas provincias in clienlela regum ipso- 
rum fuisse aliquando constat, nobiscum arma conjungerent, de- 
bellari possent peiiitus (palam in omnes affirmant) expellique Tur- 
cae, et a tarn diuturna orientaliuni in Europa partium possessione 
delurbari. Facilis enim ductu est terrestribus Polonorum copiis via 
in Thraciam, cum nulla obstacula, nullae arce^, nulla montiuni juga 
sinl obvia, ila ut trajeclo in Vaiacbiae finibus Istro, per aperlos et 
pianos Bulgariae camp^os ad usque imperii sedemConstantinopolim, 
irrumpere ac ferro et igne terrorem iiicutere possent. Quod face- 
rent et Russi, quorum maritima arma singulis feift anois omnia Eu- 
xini maris infestant littora, intercipiunt uavigia, urbes diripiunt, eo 
saepius deducta re, ut dum viciua Constantinopoleos oppida, eorum 
gemunt caedibus et collucent iocendiis , ille tarn formidandus toti 

orbi tyrannus , a conslernata urbe hostiles ignes inipuue aspicere 

» 

cogatur. 

tt Et quamvis ad repriuiendas bas excursionei novum quoddam 



102 B. 0. JAMAtfCKArO, 

fortaliiiam adTyram fluviam aote bienninm extrui jusserit, jamque 
opus coeptum fueril, destinalis ad hoc septem millibiw partim ope* 
rariorum, partim armatorum, qui operarios si quae ingrueret vis,* 
luerentur: perGci tamen non potuit, propter Kosacos, quorum va- 
lida manus coUecla sub duce Syrko , novos istos Colonos iugeDii 
ausu agressa fuit, fudit, fugavity molemque erectam disjecil, ac solo 
aequavit. Quod utiiiam et ad ostia Borysthenis Bogamque fecis- 
seat» (p. 172 u cji.). 

IIpHjaraio 34tci> TaRHce Maccy4ieBCRoe onacaBie KacnificRaro 
aoxoiia PyccoB-B 91 i r.; nojbsyiocb nepeB040M'b F. FpuropbeBa. 
(Cm. ero craTbio aO 4peBHHXi> noxoA^xi> Pyccor& na Bogtor%»* 
m. M. H. Dp. q. V, CTp. 229—287). 

ccPyccbi cocToaTi> Bdrh MHorax-b pa34ii<iHbix'b Bapo40B'b b paa- 
Bbjx-b B'ikTBeii; 0411'H'b Hai^ bhxi> aaabisaeTCA a4b-jiio4aHe'rb. Ohb 
X04aTii BO CBOBMi) ToproBbiifb A^jawh Bi> HcoaBiM), Pbmi>, Kob-< 
CTaBTBiioao.ib B hi) Xo3apaMl>^ llocA-b 300 ro4a PeAHcpbi upB- 

HMO R-b BHM-bOROjlO 500 PyCCKflXli Cy40B'b, BS-b K0HX1» Ba Ra3K401l'b 

6bM0 00 cry sejoBtRi. Bome4i» bi* opojBBb HeiiTyca^, roto- 

pbIB C0e4BBfleTCH Cb piROfO' X03apCR0I0^, OBH BCTpiTBJfl TaM'b 

CM^bBbib rapflB30Bi> napa XoaapcRaro, nocraajieBBbifi 44a crpa^cB 
npoTBBi BCBRaro BeflpiaTe4a, ROTopbiB 6bi uor'b npB4Tfl cb Toro 
Mopa Bjfl Bsi) 3eMJB, 0T4'ik4fleMb]fi pyRdBOMii MopH XoaapcRBro, 
coe4BBaiomBMCfl cb MopeBrb HeSrycb; b6o bi ciio CTopoay opn- 
xo4arb 4^a dBMOBRB Ru^iyioaiifl op4bi TypoRi» Fyaoa-b; b raR'b 
KBKh B04a, TeRymaa b31i piRB Xo3apcRo& bi> Dpo4^Bi> UeSrycay 



1. Sto MtcTO nepeBe4eB0 unon no Copnarepy , y ROToparo ii cj'b^'B m nmth 
cjiiAjerh onHcaeie noxo4a, Tor4a RaKi» y ^peaa stb 4Ba Ml^cra oTAi^eaUf oti» <iero 
He oepeaeAeBO oho ■ y r. rpnropbeBa. 

2. tiHeumycv, qo 4pyr. cnscK. TTonmyWj oti» Pontus Euxinos, ecTb Baataaie, 
4aBaeMoe boctoibumh reorpa«aMH 4epH0My, a HHor4a h AaoscKoiiy Mopio: BoponeH-b 
aocjt4Bee obh Ba3bi&i0Ti> TaK»e Maumycn ujh Manmyc^, oti* Palus MaPoUdeso; 
<vB0, Raxii o6a Mopa coe4MflaK>Tca npojBBOMiiD, roBopnrb Macxy4H, crro mxi ue 4<fH 
<iero H pa3JM<iaTb oco(5eBuuMu HHeBaMMi). Cm. Voyage d'Abouel-Cassim. Paris. 182^. 
p. 7. — 3aii. r. FpHropbesa. — y CnpsBrepa: wtbey passed up the estuary (of the 
Dob) which opens io to the Pootus, and is in communication with the river of the 
Khasar (Wolga))». (p. 416). 

3. PtKOH) XasapcROio Maccy4B 84tcb BaduaaeT'b Bojry, ptROK> HeMryca 4obi», 
ROTopbiil novBTaj-b pyRaaoMii Bojrw. 3aM. r. FpHr. 



O ClABflHAX-b Bli MAJOB A31U« Bl> A^PHR'ft B Bl> BCBABIB. 103 

iinor4a sanepiaeTi*, to Pyau nepetaacafOT-b «iepe3i» nee hb jotua- 
a4ixi>. Xotb dTo B 6ojbmaB ptRa, ao oaa Be joMaerca no4'b bb- 

BIB« OKp'fcOByB-b KaRl* RaMeBb. TdRl BepeX04flT'b OBB B-b 3eAlJfO 

XoaapoB-b. Ecjii rapBB30fli>, oocTaBjeBBbiil adicb AJiB crepeHceBia 
■x-b, cja6'by TO ixapb XoaapcRiii caM'b aiior^a buxo^btt* upoTBB'b 
HBXii, B 3arpa3K4afl n^peopaBy <lepe3^ ^tRy no Jb4y« Be 4oay- 
c^aerb axi* BTopraTbca bi> CBoe rocy4apcTBO. J^toh'l me Typ- 
RBM-b Be B03Mo;Kflo oepexo4BTb p'fcRy. 

DpBiLifoiB'b Ha cy4ax'b CBOflxi> rt* Xo3apcRBiiT> Rapay^aifb, 
paacTaBjeBBUMi* npa ycTbt npojBBa, Pyccbi boc^BwIb rii uapio 
XoaapcRouy npocBTb noaaojeHifl apoMTB qepe3'b ero B4a4tBifl, b 
piROio Bojroio cnycTBTbca B-b nope XoaapcRoe, HaabiBaemoe TaR- 
ace, RaRi) mm Bbime ynouaByjB, MopeMi^ ^HCopjHcaBCRBU'b, Ta6a* 
pecTaBCRBif-b B BueBaMB 4pyrBX'b nepcB4CRBXi> o6jacTefi« o6is<- 
iuaa eiiy 3a aTo D040BBBy 4o6bi<iH, ROTopyio BosbMyrb oTb 4py- 
rax^ Bapo40B'b, o6BTaiomBX'b y cero Mopn. no4y4BB'b aa to bos- 

BOJeBie^ OBB B0UI4B B'b OpOJBBl> 40, yCTbfl p'feRB B CTaJB 004bl- 
MaTbCfl eiO BBepX-b 40 ptRB XoSapCROfi, ROTOpOK) npB6blJB R-b 

ropo4y Btbjiio. Otii aero, 00 TeMeaiio arofi ptRB, 40CTBrjfi 40 
eaif aro ycTba , r^i oaa Baa4aeT'b B'b Mope XosapcRoe. Or-b ycTba 
CBoero 40 ropo4a IlTBja p'bRa oneab Be^iii^a a noJBOB04Ba \ Ot- 
Ci04a Pyccbi paacbinajacb no Mopio b^ padBhia CTopoBbi, Bhixo/ta 
aa deperi* TOJioava vh 4»cB4i^ ^^fijeMi, Ta6apecTaBi>, A6oc- 
Rya-fe (opM^peaKBoii o6jiacTB 4»cop43Kaaa) a He^TABoii 3eM4t^ 40 
cdMofi o64acTB A4ep6ag4'/KaacRofi — 40 Mopa TOJbRo Tpa 4afl nyTa. 
Pyccbi Be34'fe npo4BBajfl apoBb, yB04B4B B'b aata-b aceauiauii b 
4'lTeii, paQXBuiaaa 6oraTCTBa, DpoB3B04B4a aadira a npe4aBajiB 
Boe oraio a oBycTomeiiiio. 

Bci Bapo4bi9 o6BTaBinie orojo cero Hopa, Boaonajn homo- 
mn; b6o cb BeaaaaMflTabixii BpeMea-b ae BB4b]Ba4B BBRBRoro Bpa- 
ra, ROTopbiM 6bi Bana4a4i> aa aHxi> ci> Mopa, r4t 4006^*^ n^ana-/ 

4B T04bR0 Cy4a RyniieB'B B pbl60J0B0BT>. PyCCbl BMi^a SaCTblfl 

i. y CnpiBrepa: aThis is a rery large aod deep riTern. 

2. Apa6cRoe BaaBaaie FiUaBCKoii o6jaoTH. 

3. HefptnMHQio 3eMM9o BaauBaerca Bja^taie BaRHacKoe, ao Dpaqauli aaotfajia 
CBoero wh KJDnaxii ropaoil ae<»TB. 



104 B. B. JAMAHCRArOy 

6llTBbl CI 06BTaTejflHB 43KBJfl H A^MUa, fb npH6peWHbIMH HCB- 

TedAMu 4>Kop4}Kaua 41 ci> BoficicaHH H31 Bep^aii, Appaaa, Beti^e- 
Kaua H A/iep6a&4HcaHa, 6biBiDiiHB do4i> npe4B04HTejbCTB0M'b o4ho- 
ro Hs-b BoeHa4a4bHHKOBi> lI6H<i-A6y-3c-Ca43Ka, n 4oxo4Hjih 40 
He<i>TBHaro 6epera, Haxo4ii[aarocfl bi» odjiacTH EUfipBaBCKoft b 
M3BicTuaro D04'b BMeaeiifii BaKy. y4ajflBCb ox-b 6eperoBii 0004*6 
Ha6troB'b CB(>BXi>, Pyccbi o6biRflOBeBHO acRaja ydtacania Ba oc- 
TpoBax-b, oTCTOBBmaxi Ba alcRO^bHo MBjb OTb J9e<i»TflB0H aeu JB. 
rocy4apeaii> DJapBaBCRaafb dbu-b Tor4a Ajifl6efl'b-34b-raBceu'b. 
HaKouem> sKare^a ttxib crpaai. BOopysKa^acb , a, ctBb aa jiayiba 
a Kyne^ecKlfl cy4a, ornpaBa^acb R-b cau-b ocTpoBan-b; ao Pyccbi 
y4apB4a aa aax-b* a atcRoabRo Tuca^ib uycyjibuaai na4o Bi* 
6MTBt a4a noToayao. Maoro Mic^aeB-b acaaa Pyccw bt* ceM% 
Mopt, aocTyoaa BbimeoDacaaabiM'b odpasoM-b, a aa 04aB'b aa-b 
OKpecTUbJxii Bapo40B'b ue Morb aaqero au-b c4t4aTb. Ona- 
caiicb Bx-b Baoa4eai^t Bce aapo4oaace^eaie xtx-b crpaai* 6bM0 
Hci cxpawt; a6o axo Mope RpyroM-b aacejeao paaabiMB aa- 
po4aMB. 

Harpa6BB^ 40B04bBo 4o6bi4a b ojiaaaa'b, Pyccu oxapaBBjacb 
o6paxBo R-b ptR'b XoaapcROB, a oxcio4a.ooc4a4a R-b uapioXoaap- 
CKOMy yc40B4eBByio qacxb coRpoBanib a 4o6bi«iB. Bxoxti rocy4apb 
ae BAitexi) cy40B'b, a 0044aaBbie ero aeacRycBbi Bi* MopeojaBaaia; 
BT. opoxBBuoMTi cjyHB'fe OBB Mor^iB 6bi aaaecxB Mycy4bMaaaMii Be- 
4MRiii Bpe4'b. A^apecifl a 4pyrie MycyjbMaae, xcHBmie bi aeMjt 
Xo3apcRofi« yaaaBi xou-b, 4x0 C4't4aja Pyccw, o6paxa4acb R'b 
rocy4apio XoaapcRony. «IIo3Bojb aaM-bd — roBopaja oaa — apas- 
4lijaxbCB cb dxaifb flapo40M'b: oaii BxoprcB bi* aeujio SpaxBea-b 
Hamaxi, Mycyibuaa-b, apojaaaji-b RpoBb, a ooojtaajT* axi* xcea-b 
a 4t'fefi». Uapb ae bx* cajax'b 6bi4i> y4epHcaxb ax-b; 00 RpafiaeS 
M-tpt oa-b a3Bl>cxB4i» PyccoB-b BpaHC4e6abix'b aamtpeHiax b My- 
cyjbMaai). Cia ooc4'fc4Bie, co6paB'b boMcro, ooxaayjacb Baaa-b 00 
piRt, aiua aeopiaxeja. 3aBa4'fcB'b ax-b, Pyccw com^a cb cy40Bi> 
cBoaxii a cxa4a bii 6oeBofi aopfl40RX» opoxaaii uycyjibMaai*, ri> 
RoxopbiMi apacoe4aBajocb xaRace mbohcccxbo xpacxiaa'b, acaxe- 
4eil ropo4a ilxajH. Hacjio Mycy^bMaa'b npocxapajocb 40 1 5,000 
BoopyHceaawx-b a aa Roaax-b. Eofi 44a4ca xpa 4afl cpA4y; aaao- 
Hem» rocno4b aacoocjaj-b iiycyjbifaaaM'b oo6t4y. 04bb aaii 



O CJABIIHAX'b BT* MAJOtt A3ia, Bib AOPMR'B H Bl> UCOAUIH. 105 



BparoB'b 6bUB no6BTbi MeqeM-b, 4pyrie noToayjiu. TojbRo oKoi'o 
3,000 H3% uflX'B cnacjocb, nepeDpasHBUiHCb ea cy^ax-b aa npo- 
THBuyio cTopoHy p'bKB« cMeHCHyio Cb seMjeio BypracoB-b; 34tcb, 
ocTaBHBi> CBOB cy^ia, OHB COOMB Ha cymy; ho qacTiio 6bMH oepts* 
GuTbi BypracauB, qacTifO ByjirapaaiH-aiycyjbMaaaMHy bi^ crpciuli 
Koiixi> flCRaJiB ydtHCBuia. Hbcjo y6BTbix:'b uycy^bMBHaMH ua 6e- 
perax-b ptRB XaaapcRofi, npocrapajocb 40 30,000. Ci> cero Bpe- 
MeflB Pyccbi He 4'fejiajB 6oj'6e BTopHceHifiD. 

Hbrobhx o6pa30irb ne Mory corjiacBTbca c-b t^mh yqeubiMB, 
KOTopbieAyMafOT-bfiToPyccbi, xo4HBU]ie rpa6BTb Bep4ay BT>944r., 
6t>iJB HopMaHHbi. 4jaToro ua40 4onycTBTb uHoro caubix-b cTpan- 
Hbix-b Dpe4D0J0»eHifi, HB Ha qeuii ne ocuoBaHHbix-b nanp. Hop- 
naHHOB'b Ha PycH 6buo BejHRoe MHomecTBo, Hot)MauHbi anajB 
Bo^ry jyqine CjaaflH-b b cy4a BX'b ro4Hjucb 4^fl ojaBauia 00 
Bo4rb, Pycb 6b] ja aaBoeBaHa HopMauHaHH b t. 4. niaoapuR-b 

BeCbMa OCHOBBTeJbBt BB4BTb Bl> PyCCBX^b dTBXlk He HopMaHHOB'b, 

a C^aBBB-b PyccRBX-b. (4peBH. § 27. 9). 

A6yjb - ^e4a (f 1332 r. ) npAMO roBopBT-b: ffB'b ceM-b 
(332== 943) ro4y odKoun noKOJUbntU Pyceoeit^ npBD^bio'b na ro- 
paojBxii B3% cTpaHbi CBoefi no uopio KacnificROMy h pt>Ri Kypy, 
opoHHRHyjo -40 cauaro ropo4a Bep4aB; 0Bja4']bB'b bmi>, Pyccbi 
npe4ajBCb ydificTBy b rpa6e»cy b uaROHemi npeHCHBM'b nyreMb 

B03BpaTH4HCb BO CB0flCB». 

Huaqe qa40 4onyGTHTb, «ito HopuanHu na PycH 6bUR paa- 

BblXlt DOROJ'ibui&; C4'b40B. 6blJ0 0X1* Be«1BR0e MHOHCeCITBO. IIpu- 

itBMafl }Ke npuaeanie PiopBRa, Ha40 HenpemeHHo nphanaTb H3b1>ct- 
BUB 4oroBopi MeaK4y npHBBauHbiMB BaparaMB b opBdaaBmnuB 
BX'b CiaBAHaMB B Hy4bio. KoHesHo, npe2K4e Bcero BU-b 6bjjo do- 
CTaB4eH0 Ha BH4'b, 4X0 Ha40 nwh as-b opaB4y cy4'b cy4iiTb»9 «4py- 
ry He 4pyaKHTb, Be4pyry ne MCTHTb, npasaro ne o6BiiiiHTb, buho- 
Bararo ne oopaBHTbn. Kohc^iho, PiopBR7» b 6paTbB opHiii^H He 04hh, 

a BiflJB CbCOdoK) CBOBXl* p04HblXT> B 4py9KHHy, HO He MOrjIB OpH- 
BeCTB Cb C060EO B 4eeflTRa TblCB<lblIJBe40Bli,TaR'b RaKl> BliTaROM-b 

CJyna'fe obi^ bbbjcb 6bi ysKe bi* npii3BaBU]yfo ero cTpaay saBoesa- 
Tejeai'b b HacHJbHRROH'b; CjaaaBe h 4>BHHbi, Rone^Bo, ho mofjb 
paBH04yuiB0 r4ii4'i>Tb h Ha npBX04'b RaRHX^ HB6y4b 10 Tbicanb 

UlBeaOB'b, KOTOpbie 404H€Hb1 6bUH TOJbRO yBeJBHHTb 6e3Ha|ifl- 



106 B. «. dlAMAHCRArOt 

jAe. — Ho aro hhcio €jhuiromi> Majo aj^h Toro, <iTo6bi niBe4bi 
MorjH xoAun aa KacnificRoe nope orb 914 b Vh 944 r. O^Haiso 

H dTOrO ROJHqeCTBa EQBe40B'b 6idJI0 CJRIllKOM'b 40CTaT0«IH0 AAH 
TOrO, 4T06fol BOaCTBHOBBTb CiaBaHl* HHy4b npOTHB-b ap03BaUBblX'b 

BMB RHfl3e&« RaR-b npoTBB-b BapyiDHTejefi 4oroBopa, pfl4a ^ «Ha 
lewh xpecT-b ecta uljoaajat to yopaBBxa; ae xosera jb Toro 
Bcero BcnpasBTB, to aa^ bi» o6B4i ae Mory 6b]TB». (P. J. II, 49). 
Tohbo TBRSKe Roaeqao 4yHa4B a roBopaja a Gjasaae IX b.; h 
Tor4a, RoaeqaOy yM'fc.ifl oaa kabcticb gbobmi^ B404aiii>t a Tor4a« ro- 
ae^BOt R JH JBCb ccueabmia, aaao ctbtb BctH'b, 41060 acaaoT'b, jfo6o 
CMepTb, aa opaajy HoBropo4b€Ry[0, aa csoio oT<iaBy)i(P.iA. Ill, 55).. 
B'hAh TO 6bua 4i>4b] Ttxi>, <iTO roBopajB : <(R4t CBflTaa Go4»ifl, Ty 
a HoBropo4T>; a b bi» Maoab Borb a bt* Majt Borb a npaB4ai». 
(P. J. til, 33), ajB cry aacb Raaaa atryTb, ao Bori* a opaB4a h 
CBBTaa Go<frbfl» (P. A, III, 62). 

— ffHabraaina Bapara aa nope b ae 4MBa am^ 4aHa a no- 
^ama cbmb bi» co6^ B0404'iiTa4 u ne 6fb m Huxt npasdbi^ a aiicra 
po4'i> aa po4i^; 6bima bI) aaxi* yco6aa'b, a BoeaaTa oo^ama caMu 
aa ca. P'fcma cbmb bti ce6'b: aoaineM'b 606*6 Raaaa, aace 6bi bojo- 
4tji'b bbmb a cy4a4'b no npaByw. 

Cjaaaae a Hy4i>, yxoMjeaabie pa34apaBaiaMR ax-b yco6auaMa, 
ptoiajBCb npauHTb doKOHHOHbe u jijodoeb^ cao^tcujucb Meotcdy co6oio^ 
noKjAJHCb aPyccRofi 3eM4a 6jioctb a 6biTB bcbmi> 3ao4Ra'b6parbo 
(P. A. II, 39), «flRo ae paajy^iaTaca hmi* aa a-b 4o6pt aa B'b 3Jit, 
ao no 04aoay M^bcTy 6biTH» (P. A. II, 57); cic'ba4ouiacfl 6paTba 
BiiRyoo o4ao4yniBO» (P. A. 11, 37), 06'buiaaacb asciMX 04aaa- 
RBM-b 6bJTa» (P. A. lU, 34), c<6y4eMbi act aa 04Ha'b Hy2Kf>» (P. 
A. II, 30). 

Bi> cj'b4CTBie xaaoro pa4a bjb 40R0B9aabA, oaa no;ioaKajia 
Bwia (couroBopa npoMeacb ce6a nojiio6oBao» <ia34K)6a4a ce6t xpeTb- 
axik.... a no»ca.ioBaTb rbM'b aauiaMi* xpeTbau-b aaci> cy4axb a 
TpeTbeaaxb)) — oaa ptoiaja opaaaaTb ce6i Raaaa ccaace 6bi bo40- 
4'lk.ii> aaMB a cy4Hj'b no npaayn. 



1. BoacTflttie BaimMa, necbMa itpoflTBoe, AOKasunaeT'b TOJbKO, <ito 6bija cropo- 
Ba. He 04o6piiBiuaii npBaiuiHia. Ho to 6u.io MeiibuiMHcrao ■ cja6oe. OrbToro u Oujo 
iBU-y cKopo noAaajeiiO ero aoax^meaie. 



CJABflHAX'b Vh HAJiO^i ASIfl, Bl A4»PHR'B Bt HCnAHYH. f 07 

fflloBmeKrB cod-b KHflann, t. e. BSJiofiHifb ce6'ii raRoro, roto« 
p«& 6bi nomeji> K'b naM-B <cua Bceft npas^'ik, Ha Bcefi cTapBHlsi), ko« 
Tephifi 6bi aoR4flJCfl Haci> CjaBAB-b a Hy4b aiiepHcaTB fb crapau'lb, 

no DOOUBB'fcy BO HTB, 063-^ o6flj|bI». 

H'ib'nb coMHiBbfl BapflrB o6imajiB HoBropo4T> b HyAh b KpB-* 
BBHefi «iiep3KaTB BXCTapflflt, no nouuBH'i, bo itb, 6e3i> o6B4bii»— -* 
«a Bairb uymeM-h HoBoropo4aeM'b (Hy4B b KpHBanaM'B) RBHHceBie 
Bame 4ep»eaTB lecTHo 6edrb o6H4bi». Htrb coMHiBbfl, TaRofi pfl4'b 
CTh odtBX'b CTopou-b 6biJiT> saRwHOieHib pamofo^ npacflrofo, RaRaH'B 
Bfl6y4b aaRjBHauieM'B (cpaBH. no34Btfini. «A aa ToiMCb tb, RflaBce, 
ua BceH-b xpecTb uijoBara, 6eci aepeB04a, npa aaaiax^ aocj'fcx'b: 
a Mbi TB Gfl , rocD04BBe RBfl;Ke , RwiaBaeMi>» a ap.) — aaajBHa* 
BieiTb, xoTb aanp. b'b po4'b cji47iomaro« aaace noMbic^BTb paspy- 
niBTfl TdRy Jio6oBb .... 4a He BMyrb domoiuh orb Bora, hb oT'b 
CepyHa, 4a He yuiBTaTca mHTU cbobmb, b 4a noc;b4eHB i6y4yTb 
ife^B CBOBMB, orb CTptj'b B orb BHoro opyHCbB cBoero, a 4a 6y- 
jiyTb pa^H'B^cecb bIrT) b 6y4yaiiH99 h^b roBopBJB oaa, qTO pfl4'b 
nx-b npoGTOBT-b RptnRo a ueno4BflX€HO a40B4esKe cowiuae ciaeTb 
H Mip-b cTOHTbo, HTO uapymeHi* oni* 6y4eTii, ccojb RaHeab HaqaeTb 
D.iaBaTB, a xiiijb nonaeTb ToayTHv. 

MorjB JH BapAPB B^CTpaey Be^BRyio a o6BwibHyio, TaR'b 40- 
6poBOJbBO ax'b npB3BaBUiyio, npu4TB cb 6oJbinBiiH BoeaabiMa ch- 
jaMB? -— 3a<i'fcMi> 6b]jio bm-b BoopyHcaxb npoTBB-b ce6ii njeMeua, 
4o6poBOJbBO Bxi> npBBBaBioifl? Hero6buo aifb 6oflTbCA? DpBB04B 
Cb C06010 MBOSKecTBO HyaKedeMaeBi) , ohb mofjib 6biTb yaipeubi, 
«rro BX'b 0H€H4aeT'b. HM'b He Mor4a 6biTb ueasBicTaa y^acTb Ba- 
paroB'b, ROTopbix'b He3a4ojiro 40 Toro BurHaja CiaBane aa Mope. 
Bci ao34'ikiiiDiB co6biTia y6'bx€4aioT'b, <ito BaparoB-b npamjo bi> 
Pycb ae aejBRoe MBOBcecTBO, anaqe 6bua 6bi Boscraaba, uBTewH, 
Ba 40jro 6bi coxpaapjacb aeuaBHCTb Rii uau-b, Tor4a RaR'b ae bb- 
4aTb a c.i1i40B'b ea bi» •liTonacii'b a bi» flapo4Hbixi> ape4aaiax'b, 
HM'b coxpaHeaubixii. MaMfiTb aapo4aaa Beno4Rynaa; Hapo4bi ue 
CKopo npomaiOTT> aacajba saBoeaaTejefi. Bapo^ieM'b, B<rfe y*iea'bie 
aaMiqarejibHbie a 6e3DpHCTpacTBbie oRoanaTejbHO a aeGOMabHuo 
y6dbK4eHbi B'b cDpaBe44aB0CTB B3BtcTifl o npaaBaaifl. Pycb ue 6bua 
aaBoeBaua. Cji'fe40B. ne uorjo 6f>iTb a HopMauaoB'b TaRoe MuoBce* 
GTBo, qTo6bi OBM Mor^ifl xo4aTb Bi> KacnificKoe Hope Bb 914 a 



108 B. a. JAHAHCKArO, 

944 r. '. — To xu^uju CjaBHse, (oki to oTKpbiBaerca usb ca- 
Hux-b pa3fioo6pa3iibixi> a jpyr'E ipyvy aocTopouuux'B coodpaHce- 
uia. HaKoaeuf. ecTb cBM'tTeJbCTBO \III a., KuTopoe opauoroBo- 
pHT'b, iTO 8'b 944 r. rpa6ajB Eepjy — Cjanaue. Bi> CBueS Cnpifi- 
CKOB XpouBRt, rporopifi A6yjb-<tapa4)Kb, flSBicTiibifi 6ojte 
nojii HHeneHii Bapii- EBpea (poj. b^ 1228 b ym. bi (286 r. do 
P. X.), roBopRTb: aBi- aepsoe ^tro napcTBUDauifl MociuaRpH. 335 
{= 944} PejJKpbi, BbiiDJU pasBbie uapojbi: Ajaubi, CjaBSHe b 
■laare; ohu oaycTomujii bchi setuio jo A4ep6aiuiKaua, bsajb 
ropOd'bEep4ay,H y6awb eii ueu'b 20,000 le-iostRii, yuiJHiiaaaAiiv. 
(CbroD. Syriacum p. IS9. Ch. ct. rpHrnpbeBa. crp. 250). 

ViacTie Bb Doxo4't CjaaaH-b, Ajaaii h ^aaroa-b b bi>o€x04h- 
HOCTb, Bi Pyccaxi 944 r., soj'bTb conjeHeuuHKOB'b Pyccoaii Mac- 
cy4ieBCiEyx'b — Horyri) KaHteTca oKOBtaTejbHo y6'b4iiTb BcaRsru 
qejoB^Ra fieaapHCTpacTBaro, •ito to 6bi4B Pyccnie Cjasaue, croJb 
CTpauiHbie rpeKBHii ait \1 b., b BacejABioie RBfl»tecTBo TiiyTopo- 
KaucKoe: McincjaBi vb 1023 r, xo4B4'b aa flpocjaaa ci Xo3a- 
pauB H KacorauH. 

Bi> XII B. no P. X. BJH wh VI B. re4H(pM B-b Xopacaai, 
Appaut B QlBpBaaa Kan<4biU ue€ojbmoH 4B0p'L UM-fej-b npa ce6'b 
00 BtcROJbKy noaTOBif-BauerHpBcTOBi, e4BHCTBeHHan odasauHOCTb 

KOTOpblXt C0CT0fl4a 8% BpOOaHbB XBajedUbllli CTHX0B1>, o6bIKHO- 

seauo HCD04He)iHbisii seju-iJitiuieK jccth, B'b c4aBy b lecTb CeM- 
dixyKudoei, Ama6mo«bf AdepSaitdncaHCKUxi u UiupaoHutaxow. — 

B'b rHMUaX'b B ■■a4pBra4aXl aiUXl DpHABOpUblXli BOCTOHUbll'b 

aiHTOBit, RaKit BB6oraTbioBB nycTUHB, BBiero BeBbipa»caiou(HHH 
«pa3aMa, He4iDbiuB b BbisypeuuB cpaBBeHiaHH, — Baxo4flTCfl bt- 

KOTOpblil 4lo60DbITBbie HaHeKH B 4aHUbia, KOTOpblUH BayRB u8 
HUiKerb Be 40p0H(HTb BpB Be4HRoS CRy40CTB BCTBUHblXl. HCTUpH- 
•leCKHX'b CBHjtTeJbCTB'b O KpanXli, CT04b HaJO HSBtCTUfalSl. Ta- 

>iiit ooiTeuHbiU opieuTajncTii Baoi'b r. XaubiKuBii, 

lalMli ufipaiBTb CBOe BHBHBHbe BB 04H0r0 B3'b 3TUXb 
■b CTBXOTBOpueBli, HUeUBO XOKOHU (f B'b TaspHali UK. 

citpbi B4B 1 198 r. 00 P. X.), ROTopuB, Be vHOTpa ua 



ilk. Sur I'eipidition dei Rastei norinaad* en 914 reri Im piyj liluei 
mer Ca*|ii«nDt. S.P^tfnbaurg. 18t7. 



O CjIABHHAX1> Jl> MAJofi A3IH, Vh A^PHRtl B B'b BCQAHIH. 109 
CBOB CTpaBCTBOBanifl B Ba 06inBpBbJfl CBB3B CO MBOrBMB coBpe- 

iieuHbiiiiB 3uaMeBBT0CTAMH, oco6eBuo dt^eaib oasTaMB b ^peauip- 
BO ooraT-B nycToc^oBieMi> , Bej'fcaoio BbiqypHocTbio, b 3a6aBHbiMi> 

CaMOXBaJbCTBOMl>, Bl> nopblB'i ROTOparO 0H1» 04Ha}K4bl Bb]pa3B.ICfl: 

«500 ro4'b BBRoro ae npoB3Bewii> cTo^b BecpaBueuHaro, KaKi> h:» 

wL'ao 500 oe produisit ud sans pareil comme moi». — XaRaua 

■ 

Boca'feBa4'b BO BpeBMymecTBy cBoero coepeMeBBBRa rocy4apfl 
AiBCTaHa, Ba BJa^iBia ROToparo b BaBa4ajB Pyccbi. IIpBjaraio 
bpB BepeB04i r. XaBbiRoaa BaiJ4eBBbix'b bmib B3BicTiS XaRaaa o6'b 
aTOiifb BeBaBtcTBOMib AOceAh DpoBcmecTBiB B c«it4ytomifl aaM'fc- 
«iaBifl Baniero yieaaro, Beo6xo4BMbiB aj^r jyqmaro ypasyMtaifl 

9TBX1» MllCT'b. 

aAxBCTaBl> p04BJCJl Bl> 04BB'b r04'b Cb XaRaBB, T. e. Bl 11 06 r. 

no p. X. BcTyBBB'b Ba specTOji-b uocai; 3*0-tb jt>TBflro npaBaeaiA 
CBoero oTiia, obi> yTRep4B ji> cbok) CTO^iany bi EaKy^ KOTopyio owb 
€TapajCB B03BejiHqBTb, Tor4a RaKib lUeMaxa^ CTOJBua UIupeaHa b'B 
co6cTBeBBOMi> cMhicA'k , Baxo4B4acb BO BJBCTB ATddeROBi* A4ap- 
6B43KaBCRBxi>.... Bi) opaB^eBie dToro AxuciaBa PyccRie y<iBBBjiB 
Hao'ikr'b Ba BJia4iiBi/i, Haxo4Hmiacfl aa 3tfiia4BOMi» b iohcbouti 6e-> 
pera\i> KacBi&cRaro Mopa, b 4a»ce Ba BfiKoiopoe apesia ycsi^B 
yTBep4BTbCfl BTiQIeMax'fe; bo ojot'b bxI), cocTOBBmia B3i> 72 cy- 
40B'b9 CbiAii paacl^BB'b apa ocrpoB'ib Capu aaa Haptenib a oaa 6bUB 
no6'fe40B0CB0 BaraaBbj UJapBaBmaxoM-b. XaRaaa aaqero ae ro- 
BopBTii o nacj-b PyccRBXi*, yqacTBOBaBuiBX-b bi* aT0M7> Boxo4t, bo 
npBBBHaa bo BBBBiaBbe to, ^to ax'b BaaiecTBiio B04Bepr40Cb Bpo- 
CTpaacTBo 3eMJH, 0T4'b.iiiH)mee 6eper'b KacaificRaro Mopfl oT'b 
•JeM6epaBB, Ba40 4yMaTb, qrooaa 6biJB 40B0JbB0 MBoroqacjeaBbiD. 
Do Be40CTaTRy xpoBOJoraiecRaxT* BipHbixi 4aBBb]X'b r. Xa- 
BbiROBT* ae Mori) oape4'I>jiaTb ro4T>^ aroro B0X04a aa IIIeMaxy. 
anoxo4'b PyccRBXib, yBOMBflaeMbi& y XaRanaw, roBopHTi* obi, 

a4043Kefll» 6b]Jl> BpORCX04BTb BT» BpOCTpaBCTB'i BpeMCBB, Me2K4y 

530 a 590 r. re4VKpbi bjib MeHC4y 1 135 a 1 193 r. bo P. X., a 
oTB^qacT-b B-b PyccROfl acTopia RBBHceaifliiT* 15 bc^brbxI) kbb- 
3611. Cauoe 9T0 mbcjo KBBdeB CBn4tTejbCTByeT'b o Tor4aiDBBXi> 
ycodaaaxi) aa Pyca, tbrt* qxo atx-b aaiero y4BBBTejbBaro, sto 
npoacmecTBie, Ba4'fejiaBuiee CTOJbRO BiyHy bo BJa4tBiBxi> UJapBaa- 
maxoB'by ae ocTaaa^o BBRaRBX-b cji40Bi» bi> aauiaxii ditTOBBCBxi*; 



ffO a. B. JAUAUCKiro, 

no KpafiHocTB KapaMSflHx br csosa ae roeopiiT'b o6i> aroM-B aslab^ 

R0U1» D0X04t. dro M0JHaHiedliiT0aRCQeBl,eCJB0HH4i&CTBHTe^bHO 

o TOMii yMaj<iBBaiOTi>, «iero a ue Morv noBtparb aa ueHtftHieifb 
noA'h pyRaMB noco6iB, aacraajflerb npe4nojiardTb, rto PyccKie 
DpBBBMajB TyTi> ysacTie, Raaii coioaBBRB Xoaap-b, a «ito to ae 
6ujo npaBBTejbCTBeaabiii'b npe4DpiaTieM'b« bo oTMaflaaoio no-» 
BblTKOlO Ttx'b dirjibixii (ry^AtUBx-b) PyccRBXi* jhoabU , «ito hcbjb 
]fe3K4y ^oaoMit a Bojroio, a ynoMBHaioTca bi» RauiBxi> J'frro- 
nacaxi* wh aepBbiS paai* B04'b 1 1 47 r. , 004*1 aueaeiiii Bpadnu'- 
iro6B BJB 6p64flrB (vagabonds) ». 

O 006^4*6 AxucTana Ba4'b PyecRRMRf RaRi» 06'b OTjanatii- 
mevb ero j]04Bart, XaRaaa roBopari* ne paai*. Bot-b Bct dTB 
Mtcra, ROTOpbia 4^a 6ojibaieft to^boctb npaaoacy bo ^^paaaya- 
eRoin oepeB04'ib r. XaabiRosa: 

1 ) a La vicloire que tu remporlas sor les guerriers Rtuses^ de- 
▼iot one ere pour les Hevis cooime le ciel (c. a d. pour lea rois). 
Tea ttendards , d'apres (le dire) dea l^muins produisaient sur les 
Russes I'eifet de I'aquilon sur les tiges de U plante Zeimiran. Lea 
poihtes (de tes fleches) couleur de flamme (envahissantes) , comnae 
I'eau, versaient le feu parmi les armies des divs. Tu Irempas (les 
flecbes) dans le fiel des Russes^ en leur d^cochant le jarelot oiuni 
de plumet (tes fleches), Iremp^ dans I'eau empoisonn^e. One de tes 
flecbes , semblable ' au propbete Khizr , rompit les soixante douze 
raisseaux de ces stupides inGddes. Les flecbes bifurqu^es de tes 
serviteurs, coupaient comme des ciseaux les vetoes jugulaires des 
renieurs de la religion. Tes javelots courts cousaient, a Tinstar des 
aiguilles, teurs v^sicules h leurs pounions. Ta fortune, abreuvee a 
la source de Khizr, donna du coeur aux (porteurs) des poignards 
semblables aux crocodiles. Par suite des blessures^porl^es sur les 
bords de la mer, le sang jaillissait des gorges coup<^es, et il se forioa« 
sur les bords mdmes de la mer, une mare de sang de ces blondins 
roux, (mare) semblable k une mer, quand ton carquois montra ses 
dragons de Mo'ise, k ceux qui, apr6s tout examen, soot des adora- 
teurs du feu \ A Roum m^me les dragons de tes flecbes, empoison- 
nerent les aliments du Qaissar». 

1. HaMeK'fc Ha oAu<iail 4peBaHX'fc Pyccoai* cosaraTb nepTteiioa'b. Cm. Cjok. 
BKjTTa. u FrlihD-lba-Fo8sIaa. llpuii. r. XaHUKoaa. 



A 



O CiiBHHAX'b rb MAJqS A31H, Bl> A^PHR'fi B Vh HCOABIB. iH 

2) « Souferaio au zele de Houd et a Teloquence de Nouh , tu 
▼isitas comme une tempete les Khazars^ et comme un deluge les 
AUans. Yu es craint comme MaHk (tresorier de TeDfer), et (pour les 
ennemis) tu as un caracrere de Za6ani (officier de Tenfer); tu fis 
de Derbend un enfer, et tu fis pousser des lamentatious a Chabran ^ 
(gr&ee a toi) le Chmoan (i. e. possesseur du tion), si Ton y pense, 
est deveuu Khetraican (i. e. possesseur de la boot^), dod, peut-itre 
m^mcy est il devenu Cherefwan (i. e. possesseur de la noblesse) ; 
lu fis le Khizvoan (i. e. le Chirwan) semblable a Baghdad et au Caire. 
En m^me il est le Khalif du Caire el de Baghdad^ et par la largesse 
de sa maifl, YEtiphrtUe passe par Sdadoun el le iVt7 par Gerclaman ^ 
To as vu ses soldats faisant une atlaque nocturne contre les dtvi 
Busses (quand) de Tembuscade de sa colere il lan^a le lion de Ststan 
(i. e. Roustem). Le roulement de ces tambours, dont le son ressem- 
blait aux cris pouss^s par la gazelle a la yue d une peau de loup, 
dunna des regies de lievre aux lions enrages (i. e. aux Busses) ^ 
Yous ces coeurs d'eperviers marcberent la nuit comme des grues« 
el comme des Qala^ expulserent les Simourgks de leurs nids. lis les 
poursuivirent jusqu*ji la On de la nuit, comine la nuit (poursuit) la 
noavelle lune dans le collel du ciel (i. e. au baut du ciel) et (toi) a 
riustar des sorciers~(tu]| pr^paras un lambeau de toile de lin (pour 

1. Chabran^ jadis one forteresse cel^bre, maintenaDt an tas de roines, dans le 
district de Qoubbeh* . 

2. Saddoun, maiotenant oonim6 Siadanj bonrg da district da Qouhbek^ non loin 
des raines de Chabran. •» Gerdafnan, canton trarerse par le Girdamantehat, dans le 
goiiTeniement de Chimdkha. 

3. Beaaooap de personnes m'ont assort ici qa'an tamboario tendo de peaa de 
Doaton n'^met pas de son, 6tant frapp^ en presence d*aD tamboarin tenda de peao 
de loap; de mdme les orienta x sent persuades, ce qui est aussi plus probable, que la 
gsielle ne peut roir one peau de loup, sans pousser des cris de frayeur, Quaot aux 
r^Ies da li^rre, voiUi ce qa'en dit Vlmam Damiri auteui^ du Heiatoul hHwwni-l'Eubta: 
«U li^vre dort les yeux oarerts, tr^s souvent le cbasseor s'approcbe de lui et, le 
Toyant ainsi, le croit Oreille. On dit que le li^yre menrt d^ qu'il a tu la mer, et que 
c'est k caose de cela qa*on ne le troave pas au bord de la mer; mais ceci, d'aprdi 
meis, o*est pas exact. Les Arabes, entre autres mensonges, adraettent que les Djin$ 
faient le lievre, k caose de ce qu*il a des regies. Quatre sortes d'animaux out des 
regies: la femme, la bj^ue, la cbauTe-souris et le li^fre. On dit aussi que la cbienne 
a des r^lestt. 



112 



B. H. JAMAUCRArO, 



leur Jeter le sorl)\ Le matiD, tu degalnas ton glaive ^ et tu (le 
tournas) contre les iofideles , jusqu*a ce que le glaive les couvrit 
tous de la poussiere de rignominie. (La planele) Mercure ayant 
sous lui Gomixie' Bahrain Tchoubin une peau tendue sur du bois 
(i. e. UD tembourio), ton cheval s'^Ianfa comme le vent d'aotomoe^ 
Chacun (de tes soldats) dans sa forleresse de cotte de mailles de 
bronze 6tait comme unlsfendiar*, ils firent sur la mer des devasta- 
tions semblables k ceux du Hefl Khan. Le lion d^galna son glaive, 
comme le soteil dans la constellation du Lion , mais les soupirs 
pouss^s par les ennemis , chaogerent le coeur de 1*616 en premier 
mois de Tautomne. Le coeur des inGdcles fut gr^le de pelites veroles 
grosses comme des grains de raisin, et le sabre du Yemen^ de cou- 
leur de raisin vert , fit de leur sang du vin. Le sabre de couleur 
bleue 6tendit sur la mer une ct)uche de-garance (mot p. mot mine 
de gar.) jusqu a Tile Rouinas et jusqu'a Lemberan '. Sur Tile il fit 
du sang des Russes une mer , el la vague de celle mer ressemblait 
k une baute montagne; elle dispersa les vaisseaux, et Ton dirait 
qu'on y avait sem6 des rubis; on moissona des t^tes, et les corps 
criaient aman. La moiti6 fut iuee, Tautre moiti6 d^faite, s'enfuit, et 
la mort cbass9 la cbaleur de leurs Ames impuissantes. Afin qu'ils 
{>uissent se preparer dans leurs crftnes une tisane , Teau de leurs 
larmes leur fournit gratis le jus d epine-vinette ^ Les 6tendards du 



1. D'apr^ le coJimenUire: les lambeanx de toile de lin serrent dans les sorcel- 
leries poar jeter on sort k qaelqu'on, on les d^coupait en croissant 

2. Cest k dire qa*au lerer da soleil, on dirait qoe I'aurore d^gatne son glaiTe, 
metaphore qui dans les pays chands ne manque pas de Justesse. 

3. Ce Ters, qui paralt si embronill^ dans la forme de roriginal, vent limplement 
dire, que Mercure protectenr des musicien^ se fit tami>oar dans Tarm^e d*Akhi$tan^ 
dojki le cheral etc. 

4. Ufendiar, 61s de Gueehtasnbf ta6 par Roustem, prit des forces les sept en- 
droits du MazandSran dits He ft- Khan, 

5. L*lle Rouinas est on I'Ue Nargueny on Tile de Sari^ mais comme la derni^re 
Burtout est apte h la culture de la gara'nce, Je crois qu'il s'agit ici de Sari^ d*autant 
plus que c'est la senle He de cette c6t6 oik il y ait des sources d'eau douce et qui 
pouTait serTir de station k la flotille russe. tembiran est un grand Tillage sur la route 
directe de Chimakha on ChouchOj k une 1 5ne de rerstes du JToicr. 

6. Ingredient de la tisane, ou d'une potion calmante, dont Khaquani fait souTent 
mention. 



O (UABflOAXl* Vh MAJOii A3III, Bl AOPHK'fi H Bl> HCnAHIH. 113 

cbab qui portent les mots Inna fatahnd (Qor. Sour. XLVIII. vers. 1), 
repandirent daos le moode uue nouvelle, creatrice de la joie. II jeta 
tout autant de poussiere sur la t£te des Russes infideles, qu Alb-Arslan 
en jeta sur la t^te des habitants de Roum. Un.ou deux jours, ces 
coeurs de chiens (i. e. sauvages, furieux, feroces) r^ussirent a coai- 
mettre dans le Chirwan des d^sordres semblables a ceux d'Arjeng 
daos le Mazandiran; (mais) la terreur r^pandue main tenant par le 
chab a Derbend et en Russie , y produisit une commotion pareille 
a celle que ces coeurs de cbiens firent ressentir au Chirwamy. 

3) «Les Russes et les Khazars fuient, car la mer des Khdzars 
eprouva les bienfaits de sa main pleine de perleso. 

<K .... ces deux vers , qui me paraissent itre bien rooios em- 
brouilles que beaucoup d*autres du m^me poete, n'oot pas fait le 
m6me effet sur un commentateur de Khaquani, dont le commentaire 
se trouve copi^ sur les marges du manuscrit qui m'a servi pour ce 
travail; voici ce qu'il dit par rapport a ces vers: aFetz r^pandre 
Teau, Hecher^ soldats, troupes, et par I'expression Kefi dasl djatcahir 
hacher^ on fait allusion a la main de I'objet de la louange, par la 
consideration du glaive Geuherdar damass^, qui 6tait dans sa main 
pendant le combat, c'est a dire: Les Russes et les Khazars sont en 
suite, car le bras du lou^ a vers^ tant de sang des ennemis dans la 
mer des Russes et des Khazars^ que I'eau en est devenue rouge, et 
les habitants de ces deux ^tats ont pris la fuite». Moi je crois que 
le verbe qui termine le 2-e missra devrait £tre mis au singulier 
et rapporte a la mer, comme je Tai traduit, et que Khaqani, 
pour conserver son redif, Ta mis au pluriel et avait embrouill^ 
par cela le sens; des licences pareilles se rencontrent chez lui tres 
souvent». 

4) « Bakou^ a cause de son existence, exige le tribut des Kha- 
zars^ de Ret et des Zirihyu^rans (i. e. des Qoubetchis)». 

(Cm. Bullet, historico-philolog. de I'Acad. des Sciences de 
St.-Petersb. T. XIV. Jif 335 - 336. Letlre de M. Khanykoff a 
&I. Dorn). 

— O 00X04*^ CTeHbRB PadHBa na Depciio coo6uiaeTi> nt- 
CROJi»Ko jiio6onbiTHbixi> no4po6HocTe[i auaMeHiiTbiH 4>|^aHuy3CKi& 
nyTemecTBeuHHKb IIIap4eHi». Boti> KaKT> ou-b paacKasbiBaexii o6i» 
aTOMii : 

VH. 3An. — CJ. 8 



114 R. fl. .1 4MA'HCKArO, 

« Tandis que ces revolutions se passaieot a la cour de Perse, 
quatre d^put^s y arrivereot de la pari des Cosaques Moscoviies qui, 
deux mois auparavaot , avaient fait une irruption forieuse dans la 
Perse, du c6t^ de THyrcanie , sur les bords de la mer Caspienne; 
mais avant que de parler de cette irruption, il est bon d*en dire 
le sujet. 

ccL'an 1664, selon notre comple, arriva a Ispahan une ambas- 
sade c^lebre de Moscovie , elie ^tait eompos^e de deux ambassa- 
deurs, dont le train montait a quelques huit cents homines, et les 
pr^sens qu'ils Greol au roi valaient, par Tappr^ciation que Too en 
lit , cinq mille tomans , qui sont deux cent einquaole mille livres* 
lis consistaient en deux carrosses enrichis de broderies tres-^superbes, 
des chevaux de frise, avee des animaux de ieur pays, comme des 
renards et des ours blancs et des dogues; mais ce qui en faisait la 
principale richesse ^lait une quantite prodigieuse de martres zibe- 
lines, que les Perses appellent samour. Ces ambassadeurs, comme 
loo a loujours cru, etaieot venus seulement pour trafiquer, et avoir 
le moyen , sous ce titre d ambassade , d'apporter et de remporler 
des marchandises, saos payer de droits. On compte que des seules 
martres , ils en avaient vendu a Ispahan , pour quatre vingt mille 
tomans, qui sont quatre millions, sur quoi Ton peut juger du reste. 
Le roi de Perse cependant les traita magnifiquement d'abord, et il 
Ieur donna Ieur d^pense , qui ^tait taxee a dix tomans par jour, 
c'est k dire cinq cents livres, que ceux-ci aimereut mieux prendre 
en argent qu'en vivres, pour en ^pargner la meilleure partie. Aussi, 
vivaienl-ils tres mesqninement, et dans le beau palais ou le roi les 
avail fait loger parmi les riches meubles dont il 6tait garni. Ces 
gens malpropres etaient dans Tordure , comme des chiens. C'est 
pourquoi les Perses liennent aujoordhui cette nation de Moscovites 
pour la plus basse el la plus inf&uie qui soit entre les cbr^tiens; et 
ils les appellent, par niepris, les Ju$beks de TEurope; ils veulent 
exprimer par \k combien ils les estiment peu, parceque les Jusbeks 
sont les peuples les plus abjeots de Torient. 

uLe roi, touchy de I'infamie de ces ambassadeurs, et qui voyait 
bien qu en eilet ils n'^taienl point envoyes de Ieur maltre pour un 
autre sujet que pour Iraiiquer, vendre leurs fourrures et leurs aulres 
deur^es, et remporler des ^lofTes , des cuires , et les aulres choses 



O CJABflllAX'b Bl* MAJOtt A9IH, Bl* AOPHR-fe H B1> UCnAIJIH. 1 I 5 

semblables qui se troavent od Perse, at surtout de Targent, les maU 
traita a la fin, et o'en fit plus de comple. L'ud d'eux niourut, et 
Tautre se retourua avec sod train tout delabr^, sans aucun bonneur, 
et presque sans aucune r^ponse. 

aLe grand-due eftt bien du ressentiment de cet affront; mais il 
le dissimula sur I'beure, parce qu'il nosait s'attaquer a Habas 
{'Abbas); mais ayanl appris au commeucement de Tann^e 1667, 
qu'il 6tait mort, et que le sceptre de Perse 6tait tomb^ entre les 
mains d'un jeune prince, il resolut de se venger: il voulut toutefois 
^viter une guerre d^clar^e; c'est pourquoi, pour donner le coup 
fourr^, et sans qu'il y parAt, il suscite des Cosaques qui habiteot 
vers la oner Noire, les fait marcher ie long des Palus-Meotides^ et 
ainsi entrer en Perse, sur les cAtes de THyrcanie; avec cetle pre- 
caution, qu'ils se gardassent bien de le nommer, ni d avouer qu'ils 
eussent aucune intelligence avec lui , its devaieut feindre que 
cVtait d'eux-m£mes qu'ils venaient a cette entreprise. C'est ce que 
Ton en contait, et croyait a la cour de Perse. 

Les Cosaques ne manquerent point; ils montent au nombre de 
six mille, dans quaranle grandes barques de la merCaspie, qui sont 
des vaisseaux longs et larges, mais sans foods, pour ^viter les ro- 
cbers dont cette mer est plaine , a deux et trois pieds sous Teau. 
Cbaque barque portait deux petites pieces de canon. Ils abordent 
preniierement a Erech {Rechl) , petite ville sur la cAte de Guilan 
(Guyldn), bu TByrcanie, en laquelle ils descendent au nombre de 
qaatre mille; et la trouvant sans soldats, et ses habitants qui ne les 
attendaient pas sans defense, ils la pillent, et apres uu grand car- 
nage de I'un et de Tautre sexe, ils se retirent en diligeoce, avec 
tout leur butin dans leurs vaisseaux qu'ils retirereot en mer autaut 
qu'il fallait pour empAcher d'etre aper^us. 

Pour mieux couvrir leur jeu ils envoient quatre des leurs 
en quality de deputes a la cour, avec des lettres de creance, comme 
si c'eAt 6te une ambassade. Les gens du gouverneur de Chamaki 
(Ch^mlkkhy) , les conduisirent a Ispahan , ou^ils arriverent un peu 
apres que la nouvelle de leur irruption y ^tail venue. On les traita 
assez bien: on leur donoa un logis, et on les defray a, comme on a 
accoutum^ de faire pour les aulres ambassadeurs. lis d^nianderent 
Taudience du roi; mais elle leur fut refusee sur ce qu*iU o'etaient 



116 B. H. jIAMAUGRArO, 

pas de qualite a pr^teodre k eel honnear , et que oiAme ils parais- 
saient eDoeniis. On leur accorda seulement TaudieDce du premier 
ministre, ce qu'ils accepterent. La, ils represeDlereot qu'tV^ 6taient 
deputes de la part de six mille Cosaques leurs compagnons qui iiaient 
sur la mer Caspie; qua la verite ils itaient ci-devant sujets a rempire 
des Moscovites; mais que^ lasses du mauvais traitement quits en re- 
cevaientf ils s'etaient risolus de s'enfuir de leur pays avec leUrs enfants 
et leurs femmes^ et ce quits avatent pu emporter de leurs biens: 
i\\kapres avoir detiberi^sur la retraile quits devaienl choisir^ la Perse 
s*etait presentee d leur esprit comtne la monarchie la plus amie de 
lequili^ et qui traitait le mieux tes esclaves; cest pourquoi its avaieni 
fait dessein de tui offrir leur servitude; que dans ce dessein ils (taieni 
partis en Cha-seven pour r amour du rot, el que maintenant ils espi- 
raient de la qinerosite de ce grand monarque quit icouteraii leurs 
priires^ quit leur pr4terait un asile^ et leur donnerait quelques terres 
pour les habiter ^ lis pr^sentereot U-dessus leurs lettres de creance; 
mais les Perses ne purent jamais les decbiifrer, el y employereDt 
iQUtilement les plus habiles ioterpretes, taut des leurs que des euro- 
p^ens, qui se Irouvaient a Ispaban . . • • 

«L'oD ful doDC coDtraiut de.s'eu fier a ce que disaient de vive 
voix ces d^pul6s , qui etait toujours la m£me chose que ce qu'ils 
avaieut dit au commencement; a quoi le premier mioistre r^pondit: 
Si ce que vous assurez est veritable, et que vous soyez venus pour 
6tre nos b6tes, et vous reodre esclaves de Sa Majeste , pourquoi 
^tes-vous entr^s en Perse Tepee a la main? pourquoi avez-vous 
niassacr^ nos sujets, d^sol^ une des nos villes, et ravage oos 
terres ? 

((Ces Cosaques, pour se justifier, r^poodirent qu'on les y avait 
forces; que, comme ils itaient ^t^ v^nus demander civilemeot des 



1. Pyccvilt Buxo^eiiii; fiuBoiiik n% Depcia, CTenaH'b Hubobi cuH'b Utnnn, no- 
RasbiBaj'fc: u^a cjuniaji Ae owh CTenaaii bi ^epCeea oti* ■aoaeiiaoB'b, <ito Bopoa- 
CRie KasaRa CTeaRa Paaaati ci> roBapama bt* rajaat, CToarii vh crpyraxi* y Gepery, 
a 6ajH q&ioMi obh mazy a o6^tiiajiHpa eMy (Myasarb, a mazii 4e axi* npaaajii ■ 
yMBBBji* HM'fc RopMy BiTfeMi Bon<ie no AB-fecTB py^jeai aa Aeuhi 4a oaa an> se RasaRa 
upocflTit y maia a-bcra, rA'b Oi bmi» nocraBBTb ce^li ropo40R'i>; a CRaahiBanTii 4e 
BHoaeaiiu, mto mxii boporcrbxi* RaaaaoBii acero cb aam Ctobroio ctobti 0041^ Ta- 
jflubio C'b Avb TbicaHB qejoB^RbM. (A. H. IV, c. 390). 



O CAABAHAXl* BX^MA^OQ ASIB, Wh A^PUK-B II Bl» HCQAUIU. 1 17 

▼ivres pour leur argent, ceux de la ville^ oubliant le droit d'hospi- 
talite et la commis^ratioD qu'on doit avoir pour les strangers, leur 
avaienl couru sus, et les avaieDl maltrait^s ; que la uecessite de se 
defeudre devait excuser les Cosaques s'ils avaieut cherche par les 
armes ce qu'ils a'avaient pu obtenir par les prieres. 

ff Dans le temps que Ton traitait avec ces deputes, arriva un en- 
voy6 des Orous^ c*est-a-dire dii grand due de Moscovie (je crois que 
les Perses doonent ce nom a ses ^tats k cause de la Russie qui eo 
fait uue parlie), cet envoys pr^senta des lettres de la part de sou 
mattre au roi de Perse, qui portaieul quayant appris quun nombre 
de Co$aques ses mjets avaienl quilti leurs terres pour se soustraire de 
son oUissance^ et qtiils voulaient se rifugter en' Perse; il prtailSa Ma' 
jtsli de ne les pas* recetwir et de najouter aucune foi d t&ttles leurs 
propositions: que citaient des rebelles et des fugttifs, qui ne garde-- 
raient fidelite d personne^ pnisquils ne la gardaient pas a leur prince 
naturel; qu*i7 disposait des troupes pour les riduire d la raison et les 
ntettre dans le devoir. Mais, si ce prince exhortait les Perses de ne 
se fier pas a ces Cosaques, ils etaient assez persuades qu*ils ne de- 
vaient pas non plus se tier a lui, parce qu'on a toujours cru en 
cette cour-la qu'il ^tait d'intelligence avec ces voleurs, et la raison 
sur quoi cette creance ^tait fondle avail assez d*apparence: car, 
comment est-il possible, disaient les politiques, que desfugilifs au 
nombre de cinq a six mille viennent dans un pays avec qua- 
rnnte barques et quatre-vingts pieces d'artillerie, pourvus de 
toutes sortes de munitions et de guerre et de bouche, et que 
d'abord ils se jettent h main armee sur nos terres? N'cst il pas 
aise de voir que c'est le grand due de Moscovie qui. les envoie 

pour se venger des alTronts qu*il se persuade que ses ambassa- 

« 

deurs ont ref us». 

(Cm. Voyages du chevalier Chardin en Perse et autres lieux de 
I'orient. Nouvelle Edition, soigneusem. conferee sur les trois edit, 
origin., augment^e d'une Notice de la Perse etc. par M. Langles. 
Paris. 1811, T. X. pp. 112 — 120. Cm. xaRSKe Dorn. Ausz'ige aus 
JIuh Schriflstellern... St.-Petersburg. 1858. Ss.25— 26, 39— 44, 
H nouoBa-dcTopiH BOSMyuieHiiy CreubKu Paauua, bi>P. I>ec. 1857, 
1, cxp. 81 u CJ.). 



118 B. H. jamahcrato, 

HfWtm Euie Aocryniite 6bi4a Majaii Adin PyccKuirb sepeaib 
MepHoe Mope. 

B-b 40^riii nepio4T> BpeMeHB X — - XVI b., uocjA uoxoaobi» 
PyccoBi> Ha 6epera M.Aain h 40 KoaauKiix-b doxoaobti HaCHHonb, 
TpaneaouT'b, PyccKie 6edrh coMH'feHia ee npepuaa^y cboiixi> cHome- 
uiii ci> IVi. Aaieio, ROTopbia rochjr tojuko MupHbifi xaRaRTep-b. 
BbToui y6'feR<4aioT'b nach xo'MAeBin najiuMHHKOBi>, HenpepbiBUbiH 
CHoiueHiR ch Cep6aMR, BojrapaMH, UaperpaAOM-b, B'b Xlll b. cb 
HRReeio, 6b]TH0CTb b^ M. Aaiu CjaBflHCRRX'b nocejeHiB, ToproBbiJi 
CHR3H^ CHa<iaja sepeaii FpeHHiwoeb^ a noTOH'b Cypoatcaim^ uopcKiJi 
CHJbi Ko3aKOBi> H Hii» joBHocTb, 3acTaBJflfoiuafl npe4aoiaraTb 

4aBHH)H) "Bla HUX'b npRBbl4Ry R'b BIOpiO R BH4iTb Bli HRXIb H« HpR- 

Mbix-b H He Hen()cpe4CTBeRHbix'b uacj'lb4HHKorb PyccaM'b X b. , no 
KpaiiHocTH Bi> OTHoioeHiR BCRyccTBa HJaBaHiii no HepaoMy iiopH>« 
B-b HCTopiH CjaBaHCRofi cthxih bi> M. AaiH, RejbSfl ynycTUTb RSi* 
BM4y Toro o6cToaTe^bCTBa, sto bti XVI r XVII cto-i. PyccKHXTb 
AbiBajo HHoro bi> HI. AaiR wh KasecTB'ib luibDRRROBT*, pa6oB'b b 
cjyi^. TaR-b l>0DjaHi> 4aeT'b HaMi* 3HaTb, npoTaTapi* KpbiMCRHXi>y 

HTO aomi Rep1>4K0, B'b HBCjIi 80,000 BCa4HHR0B'b, BTopraKiTcii rb 

IIojbDiy H MocROBiK), HcryTi, rpa6iiT'b, yB04nT'b B-bDjiiiii orb 50 
40 6O9OOO TbicflH-b PocciflH-b H npo4aK)rb hxt> bt* ueBo^io^o. — 



1. OnHc. yicpaMHU (PyccR. nep.). C. 30. Bi> MajopocciMcKott HapoABoil noaaiv 
iioBUB'b coxpaBH4ocb MBOTo 4^111 o TaTBpi'Kott ■ TjpeiXRott BCBOJ'k. BoTi uanp. Ba- 
Mdjo Ayvu o Mapycb Bory&iaBRib: 

^ « ll^o aa 4epuoMy iiap'b , 
Ha RdMeuH 6i>jieHbRoii^, 
TaMi cTOflja reMRHOJi RaMHBaa. 
lUu y T^il TO TeMflHtili npoCyaauo c^Mit-coT'b RosaKAa-b, 
B^/iuuz'b aeauJbBHK^B'bA. 
Henajio PyccKHx-b jio4eH neperoMUJOCb B'b TaacRoil TypeiiRoii BeBO.i1k, bi* Ty^ 
peuRBx-L 6ycypMaHCKHXi> Karoprazi. HeMajo npe4K0B'b aamuxii rjiijo, npoKJuaa^o 
TaM-b aeiiJio TypeiiKyio, Bl>p> (SycypMaacKyM). 

«Tbi, 3eM4e TypeabKa, Bl*po CycypMaacbua, 
Thi pua.iyRO xpacTiiiBi bRa ! 
He o4Buro tm pa3jy<iM.ia aii OTueiHi, ai mar^pbio , 
A 60 (Spara 3i» cecTpoio, 
A60 Mysca 8 b Bl.paoio seaoiolp 
04ua na-b npeBOL-xo4H'feitiiiHX'h Majopocci)icKHXi> Ayiyi* cb MHCTUM'b bOHMecKUM-b 
xapai.TepoMb. 4>Ma o CaM(>iiJl> K^uir1>, othocmtcr Rb TOMy ace paapN4}' ueBOJbuua 

KUXl 4} Mb. 



\. 



O CwIABflUAXb Bl> MA4oii Aiia, Bb A^PUiC^ H Bb UCaAUIU. 119 

B'b cTOjiBut KpbiMa H ii'ikcToape6b]BaHiH TypeuKaro rydepHaxopa 
wh Ka<»t, rat TaTapi* hcuuo uajK), a ace dojbiue xpHCTiane, lio- 

B'fc cjaBflOM-B 00x04^ cBoeirb rerMaai Eor4aQRo Pystauii ocboCo^hji* Muoro 
nxfeiiBBROB'fc Bi> ropi04axi MajioaaiitrRuxii. BuKyni* vrn-h bi> Majopoccia 6bui» a^- 
Jiou% GBBTbiHi*. BbiJia PyccKie ■ B'b KoactaHTSHonoJt, npa qeMi, Roaeqao, mboi ie a 
63 cypnaamjHCb. Taxi BoaBpaTMBoiiitcA bi KieB-b B'b 1674 r. B3b Tjpnia kynem> Tpe- 
•leaHu'b Hab OaajOBi DOKaauBaji* xeMAj opo<iBM'b: ou aaoai (ai* U.aperpaA'^) naiiia 
cnpamRBajit, RaK'b y Coeea aaoa-b 6biJi>, r bi> to 46 apeMA croaj-b oa Rapayj'fe y Co- 
eettcKOB uepKBB, y 4Bepeil, rropoatb Obui*, o6ycypManujicH PyecKou ueAoen'/na, 
(Cbh. C6. Maj. 4* 1673— 1G74 r. C. 156 b cj.). ll4l>uaaRB PyecRie npoacBsaiB ae 
TOJbRO B'b Majiofi AaiB, ao a aa ocrpoBaxb rpeqecRBX'b, r B'b Heanoj'b, a bi Majb- 
rfe, B B'b Beaeuia. lOpiii TpyiSeuKott, BoeB04a Mocrobckiu B'b Rieat, 4oaocHJ'b a-b Mo- 
CRBy B'b 1674 r., <rro 10 iioua npaniaa B'b RieBX Buxo^nu ace nJl>RB0Ra TypeiiRie; 
KTo Dpo6bi4'b B3'b aaxii 10, RTO 37 j'kT'b B'b Beaoj^ Typ^KRott. Huanis'O AoToaoa-b, 
yaiabcBiJt RoaaR'S^ ooKa^au'b: aaaaTi. 4e oa'b B'b nojoa-b Tovy niecTua4ii>Tb j'bTb, a 
B3fl^B ero TarapOBfl a npi>4a4B TypROMb aa aarapry; a uan Typcreou ymeAh moMy 
7 to&6 ae BeuuvfiHCKyw aeMXKi , a uan BeHHu,eucHou sbmau npumeA^ »% iTojbmy 
tnoMy taecmb HedibAhn, (TaM'b are. C. 164). 4.pyrott, Baaruil B'b njlia-b TarapaMB a 
opoAaaautt TypKam*, npomadi'b y anx'b 10 j^T'b, a a yiuexb aa'b TypcRott 3ohjb B'b 
BcBiiaeficKyio aeMJio Toay 6 ro4i>, a aa-b BeaaueiicRott aeMja npauiejb B'b llojbiuy 
TONiy inecTb Be4tjbtt. (C. 169). — T)opR*''b IlerponaMb TUepeMereB-b, aa o^^psiTBOifb 
DyTR CBoeifb B3-b Ma^btu. 6y4y*iH B'b Beaeiiia, 1698 r., ornvcTajiit a-b Moor ay Map- 
niajBa caoero AjeHvhn KyptfaToaa, <ra cb bbmi. nocjaxb 4Byxi Apanoa-b, mpexn ne* 
90AbHnKoen HtuopaeducHUX^ topedoez^ ucKynAenHbton oa MoAbmtb u aa HeanoAtt^ a 
•lacTb caoero 6aiaacy». (3an. IliTeni. Fp. K. II. niepeMereaa.... M. 1773. C. K6). B. F. 
EapcKitl paarRdauaaerb, <iTO B'b 1743 r., B'b fiuraocTb ero aa ocrpOB'b Xiocfe, (maara 
j6o oT'b aeaoJbHBR'b a aeaojbBHQ'b Poccikcfcaxb npRxo4amn ro Ha-b , nojiaxy co 
cjeaaMB, 4a Bcxu4aTaacTByio ocBo6oac4eaie axi* orb njtueaia; a3b ate ch bcjhroiu 
pajocriio o61imaxca opocnaoe BMb cotbopbtm h 4oaecTM o cex-b rocno4aoy ppaa- 
4eBTy Bi Ilaperpa4l» a, yrtaiaa-b axb 6jaroio na4e»40i0f cnacax-b me a Bwriia ax'b, 
■xii me 61i 4ym'b r»jH3'b •ieTupe4ecaTu, TaR0S4e BMeua a o6ja4aTeaeit Typaoirb, 
FpeROB-b M Bapeea'bn. (II, 84). Boapocb o ueaOdibBBKax'b Pyccaax-b aoare ae TSK-b ae- 
SMaqBTeaeH-b, rbrx to m laceTb KaaaTbca cb nepaaro B3rwifl4a; no4po6ao aacJ'kjoaaH- 
Bhiit, npe4MeT'b aTOTi Moserb nosecTa ki* bobuui, jio6oauTauM''b coo6paaceHiaM'b. 
Bopoqaa b aa po4aHx, fiuBiuie nj'buHaRR npaaocRjia cb C06010 MuoacecTao aoahix'b 
paacsaaoB-b. Boaua CB'b4'baia, aoBbie ofibinaa. Bb cboio 0Mepe4b oaa Morja HM-feTb 
Kjiaabe a aa crpaay cBoero njibaa. Bi-nomiuHMb, to C^burb u4aui> B3b nyTeil pacnpo- 
CTpaaeaifl xpacTiaacTaa. Jllor.io CTarbca a 4'biicTBaTejbBo Cuaajo, hto iu'I^bhrrb 
O4noro asbiaa co6apajiacb B'b aaal^CTBoil crpaat B'b TaKOMi* MaoacecTB'fe, qTo o'^paao- 
BHaajM RBR-b 6bi ocoAyio KO^oaiK). Cuocacb cb CBo6o4BbiMa caoBMa aeMjaaaMa, oaa 
B03(^jKJd.iB rb iiaxb acajdCTb B Mmeabe a raKHMi oGpaaoa-b npaTarabawiit u aaKja- 
KHaajia onacfiux'b aparoaii caoaM'b noacjiBTejaM'b. llpio(5p'kTPniH) aami Kpuaa e4Ra 
ju Be cnoro'^CTBOBajo bto o6cT^RTeJb«-TBO. Koaaaa ax CB:)ax'b noxo4«ix'b pyK0B04H- 
jacb lie OAMBB-b weJaiiieMb norpa^Hib ho h MecTbio aa 6paTbeBb caoaxb xpacTiaa- 
i.RBX'b aeatubBHROBb a 6jaropo4HUM i> iiaMtpeabeais ocBO<k).inTb hxi* aai* njit»Ha. 
BMxo4eub Paaa.itfub CrenaaL llaMiOri-b cuH'b IVbiiairb aaajca ab 160A r. ab llpa- 



120 B. H. 4AMAHGKArO, 

njaHi* »ce HaciRTbieajT* 6osbe 30 TbicA^b BeBoabBBROBi>, aaiitqaii, 
4T0 oHH cocTaB.iJiiOTi> npHCjyry xpHCTiaeit, KOTopue cRynaiorb y 
KphiMuee-b BoeHHonj'feiiHbjx'b lAdrh IIojbuiB b Poccib, MapTbiu'b 
BpoHeeiii 4e Eie343<i»e4ea, 4Ba paaa noctTHBoiiB Kpuuib, b onacaB- 
inifi CBoe oyTeuiecTBie bi> 1579 r., Me»c4y 4pyrBMB jiio6onbiTUbiMB 
BSBtcriiiMB aepe4a4i> Baiiit raKSKe, bi> rjaBt o6i> o6pa3'b »B3Ba 
KpbiMCRBX'bTaTap'b, b to, 4To aoutcTbfl TarapcKiB o6pa6oTbiBaeiibi 

6bUB MHOrOHRCJeBBbiaiB njtuUBRailB PyCCRBMB B MoJ4aBCRBllB. * 



KaBBjm Uajary ■ noKasaJ'b: •cjysBj'b peBrapcRyio cjyvOy bt* nojRy cb ftojipRHOM'fc 
■ BoeeoAoio ex BacajbOMi* lUepeMereBuii'b ex TOBapum*; bx 3anoporaxx noAX 
HK)4iibiMx rop04KOMx DOJOBeHx dujx RpuMCKHiiH TatapaMH, KOTopue npoAB^iB ero 
Bx TjpcRvio 3eHJK>, Bx TupoAx ^eBpCBx, 8 TOTX AB ropo4x OTX Uapiiropo4a ABHUia 
aa 4Ba; b bthjx 4e obx bx tomx ropo4'b y flBUHeBHoa tom cx 4Ba, h sax Toro ro- 
po4a 61>raioqB, khjx bx paaauxx aevuRxx, bx TByxMeacROII b bx ApancRott 4a bx 
K)preHCKott ro4a cx rpH, b b3x lOpi eacRoii 46 aeMjB Bumejx Ba3a4x bx TypesyRi 
aeyjio, kx npe»HeMy cBoeBy zosaiiBy, bx 4eBpeBX ropo4x; b xoaaHBx 4e ero npo- 
4a jx BX TypcKoil me ropo4x Anaax, Bja4'bjay Ajtio Ilam'b, a totx 4e ropo4x 
(SJIB3K0 KaaujiCaiucRott aevja; b shjx 46 oax bx tomx ropo4'b ro4a cx 4Ba a 
60JIUB, H 6:ba{ajix bx KB3ujb6aii]CRyK> 3eMJH> bx ropa4x Kyru, a aax roro ropo4a 
luejx lilaxoBOK) acMjeio, mbbo Tep3ifl 4a Apeaaaa 4a EaseR ropo40BX, b npauieax 
BX UDIeHaxy ax BbiaiiaiueMX bo 176 r. 4eRa6pfl bx 6 4eBb n aHMoaajix bx IIIeMax^; 
a B8X nioMaxa 40 ornynieux oiix cx AcrapaxaBiioMx ex 0u4peeMX b npitxajx ex 
BBMX BX I'apRB, B B3X TdpKOBx Dpi^xajx BX AcTBpaxaBb CX TapROBCRMMB Vopro- 
BbiMH jio4bBH BX cTpyraxx, a 0u4peil 46 TpeTbCRoax ooixaax creobio aa TepRX». 
(A. H. IV, c. 390). 

1. Martini Broniovii de Biezdfedea Slephani 1 Poloniae regiii nomine bia in 
T trtariam legati Descriptio Tartariae.... (Schwandtner. Scr. rer. Hung. I, 801) ci...elsi 
pagoa plurimi (nobiliores) non pussidenl, attamen agros et fundos proprios ibi habeut, 
qiios Vhgarorumj Bussorum, Moschorutn^ Valachomm sen Moldavorum mancipiis, 
qmbus abundant^ colunt ac ut jumentis ad opus omne utuntur. Aediflcia el doniua 
ligneis similes admoduni, Turcico more aediGcaot, Terum <iraeci chrisliani, qui in 
paticia Tillis aunt, ut manripia operantur et agros coluntn. ToproBJia paaBara Ma^o, 
ftmechanicas autem artes rarissiroi exenent et quicunque mercatores et artifices ibi 
rcperiuntur, ^el cbristianonim mUncipin, vel Turcae. Armenia Judaei, Cercasii Peti- 
({orenses, qui christianf sunt, Philistiiii vel Cyygani, obscurae vel extremae conditio- 
uis homines suntu. Taiise jio5onbJTua, oco6eBuo bx ckM3H cx ueaoJibUBiiKHMii n-bcuji- 
BH. rjasa 45-ji: nCaptivorum apud Tartaros ratio et redimentorum modusM. Heaojib- 
HHROBx HacTo np04aBajH aa Mope. Upn onHcaain Ka<M>i Meac^y opowuBx HHTaexx: 
aCtipham non raro navigatur, ex universis vicioioribus el remotioribus Graeciae inau- 
liH, saepius rero ex urbe Constanlinopoli, nam secuudo Tento, duorum tanluni dierum 
spalio Tel paulo amplios navibus eo Teniunb). llpn onRcaaia Kopcyaa RCdOMHaaerb 
o aeji. KB. Bja4UMipl>» o BSJiria iimx Kopcj'Hfl a o BoaBpiimeaia ero rpeaaMx. aQuod 
el in hodiernum usque diem, in locis iisdem a christiania Graecis, quorum obscurae 



O CJABAHAl'b Bl> BIA40& A3II1, BX A«l»PilKi3 H Bl) ncaAHlll. f 2t 

Do Boojauy Ka<»a seaa odmHpuyio ToproB.iio ct> KoHcraHTHBO' 
aojeM'B, Tpane30BTOMi>9 Cbbooomii y 4pyruBiH ropo4aMH Hepuaro 
Mopii, ApxHnejiara. Kouenuo, pa6bi h cjit40BaTe.ibH0 — PyccKie 
6buu ue aoc4t4Heio cTaTbeio oTnycRa. KpoMt Tarap-b, u TypKH 
yB04B4H Muoro PyccRuxi* Wh B4tHi>. Bi> 1641 r. MacKOBCRiiu 
nocaaBBBR'b IIojbCRi& bi> KoHcraHTBBonoji'b, 40uocbji> Bja4u* 
cjasy IV, STO no cJOBaiii> FpeROBik b TypoRb: qncjo njiiiiuBKOBi> 
nojbCRBXi* (cj'fe4. rJBBB'biiuie PyccRBxi>) B-b Typuifl npocTBpa.iocb 

40 150 TblC^qb qe40B'fcRl>« 

Vlll. Do paacMOTp-bniB ncbxi* aTuxi> o6cTOflTejbCTB'b Raca- 
TejbHo CTBxiu CjaBBBCRofi h-h M. Aaiu ci> VII b., do aacToauiee 
BpeHB BRji04BTejbuo «iBTaTe4b, Ba4'ikiocb, He 3aTpy4HMTCJi npe4* 
uoHecTb oTBtT'b BOJOsKHTejibHbifi Ha Bonpocb — 6bj^ia JH flenpe- 

pblBUOCTb Bl> HCTOpiB C.iaBflHCROfi CTHXifl Bl> M. AsiU? ^^McTBH- 

TejbHo B'b AOAvoa nepio4'b 1 2'TH BbROBi) cTuxia CaaBBHCRaB bi* 
M. AaiH, xoTfl H nepeHCH^a paajaiubiB <»a3bi b no4Bepra.iacb pas- 
JHiHbiM'B opeBpaTHOCTflHi>f vtwh He MeB'te cb VII B. npo4epHca- 
aacL 40 HacToamaro BpeMCHM, Ror4a cb HacTynjeHieMi) Honbixii, 
ipinuxi* BpeMCHb 44fl Bcero Mipa G^aBaucKaro, oua BcrynBTb, 
6biTb MOHcerb, bii HOBbiii nepio4'b h cb TeseuieMii BpeueiiH, pas- 
BBBaacb Bce 6o4ie h 6oji'be, noc^yncBTx 6e3'b cuMnisHiA 04uiiM'b 

H3L rjaBU'b&UIBX'b a^eMeHTOBl), BMi>K)mi1X'b B03p04HTb Kli IIOBoii, 

jyinieii b pasHooopasHoii h«h3ub ary 6oraTyK) cTpaHy, ciioco6ijyio 
K^ pa3BBTiio caHo3 Bhjcuieii nejoB'feHecKofi RyjbTypbi. 



et panrae admodum reliquiae sapersiinl, praedicatnrs (p.R20— 821). Cm. CRasaeie cBjim. 
laioBa, fiuBiuaro b-b KpuMy vh 1634—1635 r. cb Pjcckhmi> pocjaHBHKOM-b Bopu- 
coiiii JltojfeuBaohhtwb — aa npiHAoxi* bo rpa4'B (Ma'b) h BHH40X'fc bi nemepy ki 
PfccKoMy nojoBeuRRj, Ki* MaxcHMKy HB^iBuoy HoBOCHJiiy, a toti» MaucHMif acHneTb 
n nojoBy TpR4iiaTb 40a ro4ai». (3an. O4. 06m. Hct. b 4peBB. I,c. 889). OrciyacHB-b 
naiinxH^y ■ npajioacBBiiiHCb ki> Momaui* BeBaBtcTBaro cBararo, uaiUH PyccKie Bepm- 
JHCb 40M0fi. ((M coanaBme rpenaiii* b nojioBeuuKOBi. PycKHXi>, KOTopbie BCHByrii Jii^r-h 
no copoKy n aaqaxoMi* rnpauiBBaTM opo modih, b Muorie Fpeqaae CKaaaja: anu 4e 
rocD04noe Toro ae Bl>4aeMii» .... 4a BtJiopycreiiii, DojoaeRnirb, aoBOMbin Baca^itt 
^poaojl, caaaajb: ctMBl* 4e nA'hca bi ropo4irb copoK-b j'feT'bn (c. 689). Oaa xoTinia 
■3NTb MouiR Cb colSoio Bb Pyrb. tio yc^biina JH ot i. cBararo c.i'b4\ lomifl cioBa : "UuaTe, 
Jpyaa, Baara Homa moh aa Pycb« a aai* y6o xomy no npeacaeMy 34*6 yHaaara Pycb, 
* ima MB B oaMHTb mom 6biBaeT-b bi CeHeaoBb 4eub» (c. 690—691). 



122 B. B. jIAMAHCKArd, 

BpeMii Tenepb nepejiTM uawb ri> paacMorptHiio Bonpoca, iipe4- 
cTaBUBinarocii HaMi> eine bi> nasaj'b KHHra u BbuyBuiaroca Tor>ia 
Bi> cj'b^yiomyio 4>opBiy: 6bijH ah CjaBflHCRifl nocejeuia b-b 
Majoii Aain a 40 VII b. b 40 664 r. ; t. e. noce^ieHie da* 
BaHi> Bi> Aaia bi> 664 r. no P. X., cjvsaaBO aaaeceHBoe bi> 
•AliTonucb baaaHTiiiaaMu , ecTb aa oepBoe nocejeHie CjaBaB-b 
bi> Aaia?!) 

BaaaBTiBCRiS j'bTonaceii'b 0eo<»aB'b 0041* 664 r« paacRaahi- 
' BaeT-b, HTo B0»c4b CapaabJBT» A64yppaxMaH'b BCTynaji> cb 6oAh^ 

UIBMU CBJiaMB BO BJa4'feHifl FaMCRIH, npOBewll* Bl> BBXl* 3BHy a 

onycTOiUBJT* MBoria opoBauiiiB. Ilpa ceMX« roaoparb Torb xce 
j-bTonaceuif CjiaBaae (ol ^)tXa^tvcc), ^acjOM-b 40 5,000 le- 
jioBtRi), npacoe4aua^acb ri> aeMy , nomjia ci> aaM'b vh Ca- 
piio, a DocejajBCb B^b o6jacTa AaaMeiicRoii, vh cejieiiiA Gkcbo- 
Ko6oA't, 

BoTh nepBoe^ AoccA'k naii4eaBoe, aaB'fccTbe o CjaBflaaxi* bt* 
Aaial He CKaacy flyHC4a, bo ecTb^ia 4a3Ke BoauowaocTb 3aK.iio<iaTb 
aax aero, HTo6bi S ThicaHb C^aBflBi>, nepeme4niax'b Ki* Apaoaifb 
a BocejaBUjaxca B'b Gapia, TOJbRO bi* 664 r. aRa^acb bi» Adia? 
HanpoTaBi>, ropa340 BtpoflTBl>e, sto obb obua yme B-bAsia a 40 
664 r. IIo Bcea BipoaTBocTa, 6eo<»aBy y»ce 6hMo 4To Ba6y4b 
asaicTBO o C^aaaaax-b Bii M. Aaia; ana^e OBii 6bi Be ynoMaayji* 
o Baxi> TaR'b cjyHaiiBO, MaMoxo40Mx. 

B'b cauoMi) AtAii noHCMy GjaaaB-b B-b M. Aaia ae Morjo 6kiTb 
a Bi, VI B.? 

ITpa lOcTBBiaB'lk (527 — 565) CjaBaae, no c.ioBaMi> ITpo- 
Ronia, nosTB e3Kero4Ho nepexo4flTi> ^yaaii b apbiBafOTca bo B.ia- 
4linia PaMCRoii dMnepia, bomtb Bci seMja oti loBanecKaro 3a- 
juBa 40 npe4Mi>CTia BaaanTia no4B4^praH)Tea axi* onycToiiiMTejb- 
HbiMi> noxo4aMi>. ro4b] 527, 530, 533, 534, 546, 547, 549, 
550. 551, 552, 559 a npoH., acb oanaMeHOBaabi 6aTBaMa axb 
ci> TpeRaMB, ax'b nopasKeabflMa . name ao6'fe4aMa a rpa6e»caMa. 

He3a6BeBiibiii [IIa<t»apBKi> aaiub acabiMa a aeoiipoBepHcuMbiMa 
40B04aMa 40Ra3a4'b, hto araxoe, cnoRo&Boe pacnpocrpaaenie a 
yTBep»c4eHJe GjaBaBCRaxi> noROji'feHiii bt* onycTimmnx-b 3e»Maxi> 
o6iiaxTi Ma3iii nanajiacb, cb coraaria FpeqecKaro npaBareibCTBa, 
Bb KOHU-fe V ro, a npo4o.rrKajacb Bb xeqeaia Bcero Vl-ro ctoj.. 



O CjlABflBAil> Bl> MAJOfi A8IM, B'b A<»PBK1l U Bh UCDAHIH. f 23 

r4'fc Hapowo DocejAenu 6b]jii TaR»ce n C^aBflne, aaxBaqeHHbie bi> 
DJ'feB'b Ha Bo^ui^s. 

B-b VI B. HCTopifl yHce aacTaer'B MBoriiXi> C^aBflu-i xpncTia- 
BaMH, H 4aHce aaHBMaioiuiiMu Bi»BMnepiR BbicoRia rocyjapcTBeHUbia 

ilOJSKHOCTR; OABH'h HCe H31> BHX1> , ypOUCeMBU-b BedeptQHbl^ <ITO R-b 

BepxHeiiMaRe40HiB, 6jiH3nb HbiH'bmHaro ropo4a KecTeH4fij[a, cbiHX 
VsmoKa B ButMHUUjbu ynponda 4ocTBri> 4a7Ke npecTOja, Ha KoeMi> 
6biji» aaBtcTeH-b no4'b BMeReu'B lOcTHBiaHa I. 

IIoieMy He mopjo 6biTi» CjiaBHui> bi> M. Aaid h biiVI b.? Do- 
•leMy RMoepaTopbi ue MorjH oepecewiaTb Ty4a CiaBBR-b bi> VI b., 
RaK-b nepecejfljiB bxi* Ty4a bi> VII b bi> cj'b4YH>[uie Bi>Ra? Orb 
Hero CjiaBaae ue mofjh nepeceaaTbca bi> M. Aaiio h Bb VI b., 

KaRl* Ce.lHJRCb OHH Bl> VII B Bla VIll B.7 Bt4b Mb! BciptqaeMCH 
Bib A31B Cb 0T4'fcwlbHh1MB JHSHOCTBMH CjaBBHCRBMB 611X6 Bl> VI B. 

TaRi> Bit 555 — 6 r/npBpo4Bbie AHTbi, cj1>4ob. C^iaBaue ^o6po- 
rocTi> H Bcerop4'b npe4B04BTe^bCTByK)T'b rpeHecRHMi) bo&gromi> 
npoTBB'b DepcoBii. ^o6porocT'b Ha^ia^ibCTByerii Ha4'B i^jiotomiv. 
BecbMa BtpoBTHOf «iTo FpeRB Bpy^HjiB aTHMi* CjaBflHaMb Ha<ia^b- 

CTBO BOTOny, <iTO BOSCRO B «I»40T1> COCTOB^H rjaBHt&lDe B31> HX1> 
e4HH0n4«lHeHHBK0B'b. 

Shba 4aBHBioHiB aocejeHifl CjaBflBi* no JlyHaio b oTHoiiieHiH 
BX'b Kh AxBJij'b H R-b ryunaMi), mm pliinuTejbHo OTRaaiaiBaeMca 
oT-b Tofi Mbic^iB, ^To C^aBflHe cxajB oepexo4HTb ^ynai b cejiBTb- 

CB Bl> HMOepiB TOJbRO Bb ROHUt V B. Bb 441 T. AxBdJa, Wh H-fc- 

CROJbRO cpaHceuiii paaoBBUiifi FpeRoe-b, onycTouiBJi> OpaRiio h 
lMaRe40BiH), Bce npor.TpaucTBo oT-b EjJHcnoHTa 40 OepMonHJi. u 
Dpe4iH']kcTiii I(aperpa4CKBX'b ^ 

CwiaBflHe HorjH apoHBRaxb lepea-b 4yHati B-b 3a6ajRaHCRiH 



1. Cjiib. 4p- S 2^* 2* ^* ^^V' T. lit KB. 1, c. 253 H cj. Bi C^aB. nepei. Maaar- 
ctH, npH onucBHiH aapcTB. AHai!Tac]fl qHTaeni*: etllpn AuacTaciH npu naHAin^K Bj-brape 
n.ieiiaTH scma cix, np'biueAUie tf Bb^uiii h npeac^e eaHA*" DoeMari 40jba;k aeuA 
OxpnACKBX ■ noTOMi* cba aevA BiCAn. AuacTaciii sie napcTBOBajn* ci> 491 40 518 r. 
Cm. ffO nepeK04'b Mafiaccifluoii JtronHcn ea CjOReHCRiii ^Sbiirh, no 4ByM'b cnHCRaMi.: 
BaTMK. B Qarp. 6 kh ck o<iepKOMi> ucTopiu Bajrap-bn. M. 1842. C. 39. Csi. TaK»e 
cTBTbio UIa<t>apBRa: Wyklad n^kterych pomistnych jruen u BulbarQw bi Casop. 
Cesk. Mas. 1847. S. 72 n cj. 

2. Septuaginta (.imitates (rouopBTi* llpocnepi* THpoiii*) depraedatioiie Ta^latae. 
A HapuejJHBi*: Pene totaiii Europam, invasiii e&cisKsqiie civilatibuH atque castellis, 
coDrdSit. Lu. iiibboii. 



124 B. n. JAMAHCKAfO, 

nojiyorTpoBi> He TOJibRo cb FyHHaMy, uo h ci* FoTaMii; BDpo«iPMi> 
ua Docj'fcAHeH'fc Dpe4aoJO}Reniii ae ocraHaejHBaiocb, Kaic'b oho um 
BipoBTHo, noTOMy ^ro wh onpaB4aHie cBoe oho Tpe6yerb cjHin- 

KOMli npO^OJHCHTe^bHblX'b o6xBCueHiH» 

«no MHoaix'b 3Ke BpeMBHik\i» crhjiu cynih CjosFbHU no ^ynaeeu^ 
tdfb ecmb Hhmn VtapbCKa aenjin u BojuapbcKa. Oti* T'lx'b CjioB'fcB'b 
paaniioinacfl no aeuwit h opnaBamacA BMeHbi cbobmh, vxk ct4a]e 
Ha ROTopoMii MtcT'fe; flRo apHine^oie ct^oma na p'i;n.'ik RMUHeM'b 
MopaBa R apo3Baraacfl Mopasa; a ce th 3Ke CjobIshh XpoBare E'fc- 
jiiH, B Cepe6b« fl Xopyrane. Bojixomii 6o Hame^meM-b sa CioBtHB 
Ha 4.yHaucRiii, cfe^ujeM'b bii umxii r HacHjauieM-b hmi, Gjob'^hh 
Hce OBU npHme^ine ciiiouia na Bncjii r npo3Bamacii tIflXOBei> b t. 4. 

DaaicTie HecTopa, coxpauRBUiee 4peBBee Hapo4HGe npe4aHie 
o CTapo4aBHOCTH Gjiibbhcrrxii Docejieniii na ^yHa'k, bii aeMJiflX-b, 
HaabiBaBiDHXcB bo BpeMena HecTopa VfopcKoio b BojimpcKoio^ yRa- 
ahisaerb aa BoaMOHCHocTb 0T4l>jibHbix'b CwiaBBHCRHX'b nocejeaifi 

D0Cpe4B Hap040B'b 6paRifiCRRXl> B BeCbMa 4'ikjiaeTli BipOATHOlO 

4ora4Ky IIIa<i»apBRa o tomti^ ito no HarHaniB GjiaBaa-b na-b bm- 
H'buiBefi YrplH Ke.ibTaHB, H'itROTopbiR atTBH BX'b, y4ajHBmBCb 
Bb rjy6BHy OpaRiR b HjjHpiR, 40jro wh TauomRHX-b Henpacryn- 
Hbix-b ropax-b coxpaHiiJiB cbok) HapoinocTb (§11. it)* 

Coo6paHCaB He TO^IbRO BOSMOH^HyK), HO B BecbMa BlipOflTHyiO 

4aBHocTb noce^euiii CiaBAHCRax-b na BajiKaHCRom-b nojyocTpoBt, 
eme dojl^e npHpo4y CTpaHbi; RaR-b 6bi c.iy»cameH npo4oj»ceHieM'b 
M. Aaia, aroro AaiarcKaro uocra miBHJHaauifi , no Bbipanceuiio 
PaTTepa, a raRHce Beer4amHee a nocTOAnaoe Tarorl^Hie Hapo40B'b 
EBponeiicRBX'b Rii Aain, CBoeii npapo4Rnt, iiHRor4a He nepecra- 
BaaiaeS 4liiicTB0BaTb Ha uapo4bi rbkii-to ocodeaHo o6aaTeabHO, 
coo^paHcan ace aio, um pimaTedibHo oTRaauBaeMCB oti> bosmohc* 
HocTM yRaaaTb na BpeuB, Roraa bii nepBbui paai) MorjB iiBHTbCR 
CiaBAHCRiii nocejeiiia bii M. Aaiti, h ne Bti4RMi. npHHiiHbi npe4- 
nojaraTb, HTo6bi ohu ue MorjH noaBHTbcn Bi* ueo Becbua 3a40.iro 
40 VU B. no P. X, \ 



1. H paayn^K) SA^ch HepaoMOpcsiii 6eperi> MajoB AaiH, RaKii uadpeeAe 40CTvn- 
Bbiift CjaBfloaMTi. lIpHpo^a cTpaau 6u4a npuHHuoio, rto HepuonopcKiii Geperi* \]a.4uji 
AaiH H Boeroquaii qacTb BajRaHcxaro no-ijocTpoBa 6ujh H34peBjie naceueau napo- 
Aowb OAHonaeMeaounii. UpOAOTBroBopHTii: Bpr^ixe; di diapxvr&; fxcv i^ rr^v AaiT^v 



GJABflBAXli Kh BIAJO& A3IB, B^ AifrPUK'fi H BX UCDAHIH. 125 

/ 

BcnoMfliiM'b t qjo wh VI b. ao cjosaM'b IIpoBoaiA (552 r.) a 
lopuaHAa (os. 552 r.) MorymecTBeuabiii a MHoroiB&iettHbifi aa- 
po4% CjaBABCKifi, Ahtu, sRBj'b Ha Doati MeacAy JSja^kcjpowb a 

b'b aTBX-b ace Miciaxii aeaja obb a ni^ IV b* no P* X. ,, a bo 

II B., KaSHb BBAHO BdTb CAOVb Il4BHifl, HiKOTOpua GjaBaHCKlfl 

aiTBB (Cep6bi) hchjb do v^oay, aoTopbiii b% ApeBaeii'B GKaaABuaB- 
cKoiTB cBaaaaia aaauBaeTca piaoio C4aBflBCROio c(WaQdquisl». 

4To6bi no B03M0HCH0CTfl yAOBjeiBopHTejbHO oTB'fc«iaTb aa BO- 
iipocB — 6bija JB 4ocTynaa M. Asia aTBM'b GjiaBnaaifB aa Ao^ro 
AO IX— Xb„ RaK'b 6bua oaa AOCTynaa DOTOMRaM'b ax-b PyccRBM'b 
CjasaaaM'b B'b apoMAeaubiB yace aaiiB nepioA'b BpeMeaa IX — XVII 
B., ^To6bi, DOBTopaio, OTB'bHaTb aa axoTi* aoapocb aaR'b iioa;HO 
yAOB^eTBopBTOjibaie 9 hu npeacAe, H^UTt padCMOTpBHi* a nepe- 
6epeMi> Bib cBoefi aaMATa bc^ OTaocAiniaca ciOAa CBiA'i^aia a coo- 
6paaceBia, aocxapaeMca yaaaarb aa aenpaBaabaocTb B'bROTopbix'b 
MeiuiM o xapaKTopi CdiaBaa'b PyccRBX'b. 

IHL. Ki» coaeajiaiio erne no aoAaBaee Bpeua paaAaBa^acb ro4o- 
ca, orpaaafomie ooitb BCARyio CDOCo6aocTb ABaaceBia a A'i^arejb- 
HocTB Wh GjaBflaax-b PyccRax'b 40 BaparoB'b. 3to aaR'b 6m do- 
ea^Aaie OTro^ocRB a ocTaxaa a'bRorAa Becbaa cajbaaro a aaoro- 
pacopocTpaaeaaaro Boaapiaia aa Apeaaax'b CjaBaa'b, nymeaaaro 
B'b o6op6rb re6rapAa a Apyraaia aBTopana , ROTopue BOo6me ae 



ixXrfirfiwt Bi^vvoC (7, 75). Hymeo nomiHTB cjd^^yiomifl cjoaa »y<5oKOiiucjieHBaro 
R. PaTTepa: vcTapuft cb^tii otkpuj'b o6mHpHuil rearp-b /ija ncTopia otl oocTosa 
AO sana^, a bi aroirb HanpaBjeBia, cootSpasDO cb pacnpe4]^jeBieM'B npocTpaocTB-b b 
BJBMaTHqecvHn e4BBCTBOM'b, Hail KopBa craparo CBtra, vh Te<ieBia acTopBHecKBX'b 
TUCBqea^Tia « eme paBte, pasBBjacb 6oji»niaii cacreMa Marpaiiiil Bapo^OBt b rxi 
iUiBB4«3aiiij| B K^jBTypi OTi> BOCTOKB KTh sana^y* Ho Tamb KaKi* BcerAa^ bi aaqajt 
■ KOBirb cymecTBOBaniJI, BocnoMBBaaiji b cbmboju BpeMes'B iipoD]e4niflxi>, raKxce 
RaKi m DpesBBX'L OTenecTBi* oqeab xbbo ^tucTByiof'b, to aana^y aenaaro ma pa, orb 
ero M>B0CTB V AtTCTBa, ocTBJOCb BOcnoMBBaaie o boctok^ b CTpeM jcaie vh aevy, b 
riKui to BocnoMBaaaia Dpo6ys4aH>T'b B'b aacb Ba4eaE4y aa Cy^yvee, aoropoe BOo6nie 
■oxen. 6biTb TOJbKo paaBBTiem'b Dpome4maro» (3eM4eB'b4tBie Asia. K. Parrepa. 
IlepeB. n. CeMeaoaa. H. I. C. 105). Htr-b cOMB:babfl, hto B-b IV b. ao P. X. bocdomb- 
BBBia ReJbTOB'b o6'h AsIh CbijiH enxe aecbsia CBlisa, no^euy a aecbMa Btpoarao, vto 
OBik dujB oABBM'b Bdi 1 jaBuiitiajaz'b oo6yac4eBiik nepecojieaia Bb Majyio AaiK) 
20 Tucfli'b ReJbTOB'b, aoATf aaeaaMa Tojacrotfoeab, TpoKMOB'b b TeaTOcaroBb. 



126 B. H. jIAMAHCRArO, 

QjAUHasBCh oco6eHHUMi» 6eaopHCTpacTieMi> B3rjA4a ea CjaBarir. 
Crporo B piaKOt ho ne HecnpaBe4Ji0Bo, oT03Ba jca o^HaxcAu Dla^a-* 

pBfC'B O TaROHl B03dpilHiB, BO ROTOpOHy -~ fflOJOnCTBO B pa6cTBO, 

B04AaHCTB0 a BeBojbBBHecTBo 6bi JH B'ibqHbiinb y4^0M'B C^aBflfl-btt. 
aK'b BejiHKOuy HameMy CHacTiio, aaafi^Haerb IIIa^tfpBKi, hctoihb- 

KB HGTOpiB 4p6BHBX'b CjaBAH'b Dpe^CTaBJBiOTb HaMnb COBepiBeflBO 

npoTHBBoe , a ooTony , ecia 6bi rto piuiBJicfl , bo hto 6bi to bb 

CTa40 , DpHQBCblBaTb BCH) dTy 6e3CTbI4HyiO .lOSCb H IKBTpblH Rje- 

BOTbi Hapo^y BejBROMy B aaBBBaioiiieiiy ot^b^boc iribcTo wh bcto- 
pifl ^640Bt<iecTBa, TOT-b AOJKKeBTh 6bi npeHC4e Bcero, aah sadisBca- 
flifl yjBRB wh o6uBwk b Bjfnpac^BB'fcy BCTpe6BTb Bci ynoMUByTbie 
flCTo^iBBRBy qero paayM-kexca HBKor^a ho y^acTdn euy. DoKa Sj- 
^yrb aTB bctohbbrb, 40 Tin Bop-b, Ha4ieifCfl, 6jAyyrh b MyacH, 
KOTopbie, 6e3i» BcaRaro ope4y6'fcBC4eBifl, ctbaj'T'e ^epsaTb apaB^y 
n cli'kio aaiBBmaTb ee ot'b KJCBerb DpacTpacTHbix'b a deacoBict- 

BfalX'b DBCaRli, R0r4a 6b] B TXk 6bl OBB BB ABflJlBCb»^ 

HiROTopue y pBcya €66*6 GjaBBH'b coaepmeBBO BeBOBBcxBeH-* 
HbiMBy Bapo40M'b, jeiKo rflyBmBiTb meK) b paBB04yuiiBBbiM'b rb 
pa6cTBy, B 6e3]fipno BoaBbimaB 4o6jeeTB BaparoBx, nojaraja 
4aHee BoaMoxcBbiirb BafiTB no4TBepBC4eBie cboaxx cjobi bx Mai- 
BIB IIIa4»apBRa 6 xapaRTep'i 4peBBBX'b GaaBflBi. 

3CejaB KaRi 6bi otjiaqBTb CjaBBBX orb HopMaBHOB'b, obb aa- 
abiBaja] oepabix'b Naturvolk'oH'b. BipoATHO aTo aaaqarb to ace, 
aqTo Hapo4'bt TKBBymift vb apocTorb po40Baro 6hvt9». 

{, Cjae. 4peBH. PyccK. nepes. t. I, rb. 1, c 417—418. S^tcb se Illa^aparb 
c^'bJaj'B cj-b^yioiiiee npHMt<iaBie, KOTopoe zoth h nacaao 20 jtrb tomj aaaaAif ho 
n coxajlniio noHunt Be yrpaTajo caoelt nfcaaocTB. «yqeHie 8to e;rfcJajioci> jr>- 
ayaroM'b Boatikiim'b Pjtcckhki nncaTejeli, DposysKaBmaxi* n saM^ ■ oe6i jmm o 
ApeBBeMii BameMii BapaapcTBt. Hiii», Raxii ocboboA CBoero BipoBaHia, xorarb obb 

BOCnjaMeBHTb B1> BapO^t CBOeirb JH)60Bb R-b CiaBaBCRBMl* 4peBB0CTaMli (NCTOplH), 

fl3URy a cjiOBecBOCTH , %096yAmrh .ri ee6t ^oatpie a ^TBepAarfc trb newh ^jbctbo 
caiio6uTBOCTH. Ha BTOH'b jieBia (noroHy <ito vh o6jiacTB aayai ace cajiaaao Tiica'UI- 
mflMB yaaaa po^CTBa) zoTan obh ocaoBarb Bapo4Boe y^ieaie a cjaay*. yaRoe ■ 
BnoJBi joacBoe aaopaajeBie, o6jiaHaR>iiiee bck) Be3p^d|ocTb aamett otfpaaoaaBBO- 
CTH, — BB^tTb a HCKarb ai Apeaaett Pyca OAat T04bR0 Teaaua CTopoau , Bcxpt- 
Ta40, c4aBa Bory, B*b noc4t4Bee apeaa vh yqeaott 4aTepaTypt aamei cv^ui ■ 
ca4bButt oporecrb. If ai npiaTao 84tcb ocofteaao jRaaaTb aa DpeaocxoAautt paafiopi 
co<L r. Haqepaaa, aanac. aaoroyBaauieiibiirb, aoqTeaauM'b spacroirb aamaa'b H. B. 
Kaja«ioBUM-b , aa ct. rr. B'bjaeabix'b, Caaapaaay ARcaaoaa, XoaaKOBa, aa com. r. 
.leioROBa, KacToaapoBa, II|anoBa... ^ 



CJABflaAX% Bl> MAJOi A3Ili, Bli A<»PnR« B Bl BCDABIH. 1 27 



HcTOpaR'b He B4B44Hin» ; paCOBaTb €66*]^ 4peBBBX'B CjBBIIB'b 

owh Momevh Tojbxo 4boiiro: bjih to 6burfc nafoxh rpy6bifi, uajo 
paaHBTuH yncTBeBHO, ho cBJbHbift, 34opoBuM, 6o4pi>ia, jio6aniiii 
BaKOBii oreaift cbobx'b, Bcer4a roTOBufi oocroflTb aa cboio cbo6o» 
Ay, sa CBOR crapue o6biqaB« aa cBoto po4BBy; bjb me to 6biji'i> 
Hapo4% c^aCbiii, sadBTbiM, 3a4aBjeuflb]it, ooBBTbift wh pa6cTBi;, cji- 

40BaTeJbH0 TpyCiBBUfi, D04JblH, XHTpblS, KOBapBblft. 

EcjH CiaBflBe, RaRi> rosopaT-b, 6bi4H Naturvolk, ec4H ohb 
hcbjib B'b Beo6y34aHBofi aaapxiH (lugellosige Aoarchie), to RoneHHo 

CDpaBe4JBB'B nepBblH 83rjlH4'B O GjaBHUaXl* B BeCDpaBe4JBBl» BTO- 

poft. Tor4a RaRBBii> me ofipaaon'b mobcbo aaMinaTb, «ito IIlBe4bi 
roHflaBCb H oxoTBJHCb (Jagd macbten) aa 4>RBBaHB, jHTOBaaMB b 
BocTO>iHbiiiB CjaBaaaiiB? GjaBAH-B 6buo 60dibUie niseAovh h ohb 
He cnycRa«iu bmi», RaR-b to BasicTHO b3i> .I'fcTonBcefi b rbrx cjt-> 
4yeT'B ope4no4araTb corjacHo Bclii'b BsatcTiflM'fc o xapaRTepis 
ApeBHHxii CjaaaB-b: 1 ) «H3i»rBaEoa BaparH 3a nope a ho 4ama bm'b 
4aHB a noHama caiiB Biicodt B0404tTH». 2)«Bapa3H 6axy mho3b y 
flpoejaaa, a aacajbe TBopaxy HoBropo4iieMi> a aeeHaii'b axii. 
BcTaBine HoBropo4iia aadama Baparu bo 4Bop'fc DopouoHB, a 
paara^Bacfl flpooiasiba. 

IIo403KBii'b 4aaKe BaROBem>, ^to Re3a6BeHHb]8 IIIa4»apBrB 
nam'b Ror4a HB6y4b roBopajrb TaRBUT> o6pa30M'b o C^aBaaaxi* Pyc- 

CKBX-bfB BCe TBRB CTporBfl RpBTBRB HeOOSBOJBJa 6bl OCTaHOBBTbCA Ha 

HHx-b, RaRi> Ha nocj'k4HeM'b, ae 40DycRaiomeMT> HaaaRofi anejaiUB* 
p-bmeaiB. Bx tbromi* Cjiyqa'fc 6^^4088^0 6bi o6paTHTbGfl R'b a3b]Ry 
CjaBBHCROMy a 40Ra3aTb, ito ohx BecbMa 6i4eHi> cjoBaMa aoea- 
Haro a Mopcaaro 4i«ia, onpoBeprayTb to, ^to Boeaabifl a MopcRia 
c40Ba no<iTfl o6mB BctMi* GjaBaHCRBM'B HaptqiAMii, cjiiiA. BeoiB a 
ape4iieTbif ofiosHaqaeMbie, 6biJH B3B'lcTBbi viwh B34pe6jie, onpo- 
aeprayTS TO, ^to b% Bapo4Bofi noaaia CjaBaacRoB, bi D'fccBax'b 
HexoBii, CjioBdROBi*, CepdoB'b, XopaaTOBi*, Bojrap'b, 8lajopocciafli», 
Be^iHRopocciaB'L, •JyHcasaa'b, IIojaROB^ BbipaacaeTca 4yx'b Beno4- 
jbifiy He pa6cRiH,a c8o6b4Ubiii,c'bTaRaii'b9Ke 4yxbirb Bapo4'b aeMort 
Be co34aTb ce6'b €pe4CTBi> aaiUHTbi a o6opoBbi, oopoaeprHyTb to, 
4TO GjaBaae ae oTpaaajiH, He cnacjB gbok) 3ana4Hyio 6paTbiO OTh 
ABRBX-b nojiqaorb Tarap-b h TypoR'b a T-faM-b 4a.iB ea BoauoacHocTb 
nocBBTBTbCBoa GBJbi 4pyrBM'b Tpy4aii'b, ao4>aTb ROTopue anb to 



128 B. U. JAMAHCKArO, 

BpeMB C^aBHuaM'b 6biJo ^mmnecKH HeBosMoxciio, onpoaepru^Ti. 

TO, HTO J'fcTOnilCH K^MABFO Bap04a GjaSflllCEarO ' rOB<ipAT'b nO"ITB 

aa KaHCAofi cTpaaBut cbocb, hto wb hbxi> sceriia hch ja Jio6oBb K'b 
poARB'6, caMo6biTHOCTB, ecjLB B naAa^iB, to Be6e3CjaBtio b Be6e3T» 
coopoTRBjeBia, B 6biTb MOBcerb oian6o^Bo, bo TBepAo siparb oo- 

BblBi: 

Torb, iTo najTb, B03CTaoen» BBOBb| 
Maoro miijiocth j Bora, 

Bea^ rpasHm Ero JK>OoBb. 

• 

Ho IIIa<frapBKi> RBKor^a Be Mon> a ao4yMaTb aa^iero ao- 
4o6aaro. IlIa4>apBR'b aaopoTBB'b yRaauBaeT-b Ba reorpa<»a Ba- 
sapcRaro, aAOKaauBaioiiiaro « >ito y C«iaBafli» PyccRBX'b 6bMB 
yHpiueBBbie ropo4a, Hecropa^ DOKaauaaiouiaro t hto Pyc- 
csaa aeiiwiB 6bMa aacejeaa MBoro>iBC4eBflb]MB GjaBBBCRBMB 
BOROjifliaMB , ch TBep4biMR ropo4aMB eme 40 ufimChniH Ba« 
paroBi», Bapo4aiiB, bo CBB4tTejbCTBy ero a BOo6me ii-kioa 
BCTopia « ape4noHBTaBaiRMa cBo6o4y caMofi aicBsaB , o roto- 
pofi MaxBrfctt eaBCKOflii KpaROBcsitt (0R040 1150 ro4a) boc- 
K^BRBya'b: cPycb.... srro cjobbo aaofi iiipT>«... Bapo4'b PyccKiS 
6e39BCjeBBbiii'b MBoaKecTBoifb cBOBM'b paaaaeTGa o4B«ii'b jBBib 
aBi34aarb (Rathenia... quae quasi est alter orias... gens Rutkeoica 
roukiUidine iunumerabili ceu sideribuB adaequalav). H o6% aTofi-TO 

3eM4t yr04BO 6bLi0 aiROTOpblM'b B0Bl}HBIB]il> PyCCRBIfb OBCaTe- 

jaiTb, GeuROBCROMy, MypaabeBy, a B04a6BbiM'b BM'b, yTBep»c4aTb, 

B^ 04B01l'b M'6crb, <1T0 BTO 6bU0 B3nOKOHT> B'&Ra Ha(Mib4CTBeBB0e. 

4oeTOflnie CRaiJ4BuaB0B'b, bi> ROTopoe PiapBRTi BOBce ae 6bU'b npH* 
rjamea-by bo acTynaj-b do npasy Bacai4CTBa, a bt> 4pyroiinb, «ito 
oaa cocTaBJfl Ja 40 BpeueBH caaoro B.ia4BMipa 6eaope4'fc4bByio ny* 

CTblBK), BX ROefi TOJbKO TaM'b B CBM'b CKHTBdlBCb 6'b4Hb1fl Ceuefi^ 

CTBa ROsyiomBXi> aatpojoeoB'b a cROTonsTaTejelb... 

C»iaBflBe ae 6bi4B XBTpu, Rosapabi, jyRaBU, KaRi> 6biBaerb 
BcaRoii Bapo4'b cja6bifi, noBHTufi B-b padcTB'b: npoRooifi (552 r.)^ 
ae aa'^Bmitt bbrbkoS Byac4bi ocofieaao xbbjibttf ax'b a BHiBBiiu 
naflpoTBBi Toro MBoro npB«iBHi> He 6b]Tb Rt> bhmi> pacaojioaceu- 
HbiHi>« TBHik ueaK4y npo"iBMi> roBopnT-b o CjasiiHaxT*: 

oGjaBane a AaTbi ae noBBiiyioTeA 04B0Hy qeJoaiRy, a 3kb- 
Byrb B'b 4aii0RpaTiH H34peB4e, oo>ieMy a Bbiro4a a BeBbiro4at Boe 



O CwiABflHAXl> Bb MAJOfi A3III, Bib A«|»PRR'B H Bl> UCDAHIB. 129 

/ 

y HHXX o6mee.... Bcryaafl bi» 6BTBy, Muorie viAjTh ea uenpiaTe.ftfl 
otmKoirb, HBrfefl y ce6fl b^ pyicax'b Ha^enbine maTbi n RoabA. 
DaBOibipfl i^e Haji'ikBaiorb : B'^ROTopbie B4yT'b ua BenpiflTeaA 4aHce 
6e3% Bcao4HAro ndaTbB b njiama, a TOJbKo b^ jarax-b. y Ttxii h 
4pyrBX'b A3biR'B BapBapcRio 04BH'b B TOTii 3Ke. He paajBqaioTcii ohb 
Mexc4y co6oiO a T'bJoc^oHceBieM'b. BcFb ohu shicoKu pocmoM^ u 
eecbMa euMHbi^.... BesyThj bo4o6bo MaccareTaiiii» iRmuh cypoByio 
H BeapRBOJbByio, Bct, no4o6BO skb BH'b-, rpA3Hbi B HeqBCTbi. Xa- 
paKTepii BXik He xarpbifi a ae KOBapubii; cb npocToroio coxpa- 

HafOTb BO MBOrOMX FyHCRlfi 06pa3'b aKfl3HB». TaRl> BBCajlli o 

CjaSBUaX'B H ABTaX'b B-b VI B. IIpORODifi — B3B'ibCTiB O D0X04aXl 

H rpa6e»caxi> Bx-b Ba no^yocrpoBi BajRaBCROHi* bi» VI h ca^a. 
BtRaxi CRJbBU y6'fc4BTb BCMRaro wh capaBe4JBB0CTB ero cjiobx o 

HX'B BOBHCTBeBBOCTB. ' MopCRie rpa6e3Kfl G^aBBH-b MaRe40HCRBX'b 

H A4piaTBHecRflX'b , nocejeHifl CjaBBBi* bii Mopei b B'b M. Asia, 
oepexo4bi B'b Apa6airb, y>iacTie b^ BX'b BOflCR'jb He nosBOJBiorb 
4o6pocoBicTHOBiy y^ieHOMy b bb MBP'b ycoMHRTbCB Bi» npacyrcTBiB 

Bl BBX-b 4ep3R0B OTBBrB, y4a^bCTBa fl npe4npiBH<IBB0CTH. IlMQe- 

paTopii MaapBRifi (582 — 602 r.) name^'b HyTKHbiH-b bi coq. 

GBOeH-b dO BOeHHOBTb 4'kl'fcl> HOMtCTBTb IckiyiO rJBBy O TOM-b, RaRl> 

BaAo cpaHCBTbCA ex CwiaBBBaMB B AHTaMB. «y GjLaBaai* a AHTOB-b, 
roBopHT'b OBX, o6pa3x »CB3HH B BpaBbi 04HBaKie, Bcb OBH CB0604- 
Hbi, BBqiMx He aactaBHTb bxi> oo44aTbCA bjb no4*iflHHTbci]. y 
ce6a Ha p04aHi» ohb Becbiia cajbHU a CHocjLBBbif y4o6uo nepe- 
Bocarb B xojo4'b a Hcapx a Harory T^ja h rojo4i>». 4a- 
jie OBX pascRasbiaaerb o axx rocTenpiBMCTBi , 06^ o6pame- 
uin ci> padaBia a n^tBUBRaaiBy ROTOpbix-b oaa ae ociaBjiBiOTh 
) ceoB B'b B'liHofi aeaoji, nodo6HO dpynum HapodoMt (cS^ 
tgI \onzaL S^vyj) , a bx aaaicTHbifi cpoRX ocBo6o9K4aioT'b ; ro- 

1. H6ai«-^04JaBii, ooBCbiBaa Pyccon>, roBopmrB {vh nepeB. ^peoa): «Nie sah 
ich Leate too ausgewachseaerm Korperbau; sie siod hoch wie Palmbaume, fleiscb- 
farbeo und roth». lopBaBAi*) onacuBaa CKaBABBaaoBi, cKaaaji'b: «Hae ilaque (Rentes 
Romanis corpore et animo grandiores, iQfestae aaeyitia pugnaej». CjtAjer'b jib aa'b 
9Toro, HTO Pyccu 116Bi>-<l»0AJaBa Beapeii^BBO 6m jb IIlBe^u? FpBMMi BeopflaHaer-b 
34 HtHaeBik BTflxi PyccoB-b (I. Grimm — Ueber das Verbrennen der Leicben. 1850. 
S. 69—70). BfapKO l]o40, roaopa PyccKBZ'b» a Bob«bbb — o Hexai-b, y4BBjaioTca 
Bxi BiacoKOMy pocTy. 4oB04bao BaKoaeirb BarJiBByTb aa aamo iiiap4eiicKie nojKa, 
*iTo<$u Be cHBTBTb BucoKill pocTb BCKJiio<iBTe4bBOB) npBaa44esBOCTbio 04BBX'b niBe- 
Aorb B UtBuea-b. 

XH. BAD. — CJ. 9 



ISO B. B. JAMAHCRArO, 

BOpHTIb O TOifb, ^TO OBH wil06ilTB CpaTRaTbCfl Ch HeopiilTeiem Wh 

ymejbflxi>, bi» Micrrax'b BeDpocTynHux'b, ynoTpefijafOTB xBrpoeniv 
Becbua npBBbiHHbi KTb 9BAb B jy^me b Aojune jpyrax'B JuojsLeik 
yHifOTB 4epHcaTi>ca bi» sett (^ icetpa ii doi xal t% izytcvpjm 
iiaJ^dfftoq U1C&9 icavro^ av^poTcou^) • Kaxc4bifi b3% BBX'b noopy- 

HCeH'b 4ByMfl RODbBtf B « H-kROTOpfaie HCe B3'b BflXli fl Rp^ORBHR DIB* 

TaMB, BecbMa o^aaRo fley4o6BbiMB Aia nepeHocRB. y hbxx itepe- 

BABHbie jyRB B MBjeBbRiB CTplabl, ROTOpfalfl OBB BBIiaablBaiOrb 
HAOlTb* 4MCTByi0aiBM'b BB CUepTb, eCJB Be npBBATb upoTBByjijdfl* 

B T. 4. — EloHTB vb rbx'b »e ciOBax'b ooBcuBaerb CjiaBflBi» 
JeBii VI My4pbiB (886— -9 1 1 r«). <cHo tbrrmb obb momb Raaaxbca 
To^bRO BBaaBTifiiiaM'b, 0Tfli04b »e Be HiMoaifbA; BcaoHBBTe vb 
TaRoifb cjynai 4ep3KaBy MopaacRyio, CBBTooojiRa, EoJiecaaBa 
IIo^bCRaro, BpaTBCjaBd II , Co6tcjaBa I HemcRBX'b b t. 4* — 
CpBBBBTe, TTO roBopaTi> jAroujicnbi 8ana4Bfaae o C^aBamx'b Baj- 

Ti8CRBX'b — O BXli BOBBCROil OOblTBOCTB BB Cymi B BB MOpt, 

Banp. o «IiOTB«iBX'b — haee gens terra marique proeliari perita erat, 
o Hxi* MopcRBX'b rpa6eaKax'b, ynopcTB'ib, jiio6bb R'b cBo6o4i b np. 
rejbM0Jb4ik roBopBTb Barpaxi*, «ito bb Baaa4eHiii 4BTHaB'b obb 
BBBUBBifl Be o6pamBioTb B 4a»e Baxo4flrb oeo6oe BacjaaK4eaie 

6BTbCfl Cb BBMB. yRaBblBBIO 4iiB OpBllipB HB BiROTOpblfl CBBA^k- 

TejbCTBB 3ana4Bbifl o xapaRTep'fcCjaBflBib: l]Slayi servitutis jugum 
armata manu sabmoverunt , taotaque animi obslinacia libertatem 
defendere nisi sunt, nt prius malaeriDl mori, quam cfaristiaDitatis 
titulum resumere ant tributa solvere Saxonam principibus {FeAb^ 
MOJhdti). 2) Slavi bellom quam pacem elegeruot, omnein miseriam 
carae libertati postponentes.... transeoDt dies plurimi... illis pro li- 
bertate.. yarie certantibus* (BBTBRBB4'b). — 3) Liuticis.... dominus 
specialiter oon praesidet iiUus; UDanimi eoDsilio ad placitum sui- 
met. Decessaria discutieotes , io rebus efficieDdis omnes coDcordant. 
(^RTTBiap'b Mep3e6yprcRi3). — 4) Multae sunt insulae in hoc sinu, 
quas Dani et Sueones omnes habent in sna ditione, aliquas etiam 
Slavi tenent. — lUarum autem insularum, qnae Slavis adjacent, in- 
signiores accepimus tres. Quarum prima Fembre vocatur. Alira est 
contra Wilzos posita, quam Rani vel Runi possident, fortissima 
Slavorum gens, extra quorum sententiam de publicis rebus nihil agi 
lex est, ita illi metuuntur propter familiaritatem deorum vel p otiu 



CJABJIHAX'b Wh MAJOS Adlil« B'b A<l»PilR'fi U B'l> HCDAHIH. 131 

daemooam, qaos majori calta ceteris veneraotur. Ambae igitur bae 
iusulae piratis et cruentissimis latronibos plenae sant, qui et oemiDi 
parcont ex transeaotibos. '(A^airL BpeMeacRifi). 5) Germania.... 
geotibas incolitur qoam plurimis, ferocissimis... inter quas UDa ce- 
teris cmdelior.... geos Leuticorum barbara, omni cradeiitate fero* 
cior. (rja6ep^ VoAyjih^-b). 6) Est oamque bujosmodi genus bomi- 
nom durum et laboris palieos, victn laevissimo assuetum, et quod 
Dobis gravi oneri esse solet, Slavi pro quadam voluptate ducuot. 
(Bbtbchha'b) 7) Hinc etenioi saeva Danorum gens terra marique 
polens, inde centifida Sclavorum rabies barbarorum frendens inbor- 
rait, Ungrorum nihilominus insecuta crndelitas. (Pyorrep'B. HCaa- 
eeoQ. BpyooBa obc. or. 966 — 7r.). Moaceo 6b] 6mjo BecbMa 
BBoro npHBecTfl npBirfcpoBi>, necoMHitHHO 40Ra3biBaioiiiBX'B , qro 
CjaBBHe PyccRie, ABjaiomie HyAHbie noABBra xpa6pocTH9 y4a4b- 
cTna, oTBara a Dpe4npiBMHBBocTH, cb XI b. 40 hbct. Bpeii.* o6fl- 
aaeu TOMy BOBce ae HopMaaaaMii, a cBOBM-b npBpoHC4eBBbiM'b Ra- 
«lecTBall'b^ Hejb3B 6biJ0 a njBe4aM'b oxotbtbcb aa aax'b. — 



1. Boo6me o6pamaK)miflCJi 7 Ha<rb aH^aifl o HeAocraTirb daepria n bobh- 
cneimocTa j CiaBflVb AepmwtCB tfjaroAapn eM6omy Bameay aatHiiOy t npome 
■ noiBOMy netluftaSn CiaMBCKott iiCTOpia. BoeBBun b MopcRiB ^toobcb 

IVl — XIX CTOJ. lOXBUXl CjiaBBH-B , nOJBKOB-b H PyCCRBll, BCOOJBeHU BB- 

ttcrift o ^jusux'h noABBrazi y^iajbCTBa , xpa6pooTB a npeAnpiBM<iBB0CTB , ee- 
|Hi4B0 BaneqaT^anuxi bucokbm'b repoBBnon h Bejaxairb BoeaBUMi reaieirb. 
Bi XV B. Hejm 6e8caopBO BMiaa jy^mee boJIcro b-b Eaponft a cqarajacb 
yiBT&iBBa BoeBHaro BCRyccraa. IfapTBB'b Maitep'b, covbTaairB BaBapcKiit, b% 
BHCbBt cBoeMi» B'b Tpap. FeilMfiypry, 1467 r. 12 bbb., roBoparb Mesiiy opowaa'b : 
tBohemi in re militari expertissimi et armipotentes malti sunt, et ceterae mili tares 
opes ab eis quasi riToli a fonte per plarimas terras deriTantara. 4pyrott coBpeaea- 
HBirfc HCtopBK'fc Eob^bbb TBn onacuBaerfc ^exoai: «Prae ceteris terrarum geatibus 
proceritate statorae roboreque corporum ac pulcbritadine, praestantta criniam et sua- 
ritite consaetadinis, Boemi sane praecelloi^t: corpora comasque pins Josto colunt, in 
habita Yestitnqoe nitidissimi et perquam moUes, ad bellani et Toluptatem tantnmiBati; 
popalares omnes sunt et affabiles, ad conciliandas quoqae amicitias nimis idonei». Obii 
Be BJOKBXfc Bi> ycraMaTBta KopBasa, asaMeBBTafl "lepBaa pora Roroparo cocTOji4a aai 
lexorb ■ 4pyr. CfaBBBi, cji^Ajtomym pt*iB: «Fateor, Boemos martiales eue^ famosis- 
limom genus l^oraioam, caltorae corporis stadiosissimam et quam naxime crinium; 
cupidisBimain belli el ad pericolum promptlssiroum. Procera sunt bis corpora et spe* 
ciosa; contemptos mortis magnas inest, et persuaTis bercle consuetudo». F 4ezOB'b 
XV I. yHHjMCb BoeaaoMy /fhJLj ae to4bko IIo4aRa, Bearepubi a Pycoaie, bo n Hta- 
•Qu, feOTopue aaaacTBOBaJB OTh aax-b G«rb4y«>mifl cjiobb: Pistol, Bitsehctien, piSt'ala, 
Pafetnar— paw6zy, paw6zniky, Pouatken-^ posMky, iTaaMtetf, baafnice. (Ca. cr. 11a- 



132 B. H. JAMAHCKArO, 

JoaKHbifi JH aarpioTiiairb bjh ace 34paBiiifi CMbicj'b b npocToe 
qyscTBo cnpaBe4^BB0CTa aacTaB^HiorB uacb DpaaBaTb n&k 00406^ 
Hbifl nojoHceHifl Kpafiee HeocuOBaTejbHbiMB — ^ nycTb pimarb o 
TOBi'b sBTarejb 6e3apBCTpacTHbiS. 

H laK'h jio6oBb Ri cBo6o4t, ynopcTBO a HaqtBiii ueBCRope- 
UHiiafl ysipeHHOCTb, noRa acBBa Hapo4HocTb, B-b TOM-b, hto nacTb 
OKOHqaTejbBo ae cyHC4eH0, Borb 04fla b3i> 0TjiB<iBTeji.B']kilB]BX'& 
■lepT'b o6iiie GjLaBflBCRaro Bapo4Baro xapaKTepa. MopaBaaaa-b ao 
BbiB'b noMBBTb CBflTOBOJRa; Cepgnb BCeF4a 6bM'b yfitsMea-b, hto 
BcxaaeT'b caoaa MapRo KpaaesaHb, yaipeai*, ito CBflTbiaa, roto- 
poio 4epaKa4acbTypRa« xeaepb BTtB^paoifb a 6e30QacBOM'b ii'bcTt. 
Pa36aTb] JiB HexB HiimaMB^ roBopax-b Bapo4Baa oica^: 

Netuzte, kmetie! oetnztf: 
juz w^m trawicka wst&wa, 
tako dliiho stupana 
cuziem kopytem! 

n 4'fciicTBaTe^bBO Ba4eHC4a ae o6tfaByja 4exoB%, oaa 04ep^ 
HcajB ao6't4y: 

i by Nemcem dpeti, 

i by Nemcem prniiti 

i pobitie jim. 

Uocji rbx'b CT{)amabix'b a BejiBRax'b BCObiTaaiii, aaRBM-b 
no4Beprajacb lOSKaaa Poccia, aaStrajia aaoii pa3'b aa «iy6aTb]fl 
rojioBbi aamax-b npe4R0B'b lepabia 4yMbi a coMataia. Capama- 
Ba^ia oaa Tor4a: 

« 

A mo Aicb aama ro^oBbi ao cTeay-aojio oowiflacyTb, 
^a me b p64aoio apoBxio yMbiioTbca, 
• IIoBepacRo^oTbiMB ma6jflMB aoRpuioTbca!... 



jauRaro: waledn^m omSoj fiechiiw w XV stol. — £as. fiesk. Mus. 1828. Crp. 5 
n cj.). Cjobo temMam nepeuijo ki naMii otii ^ezoB-b. Bi crapMBy y DoJiflRorb xo-^ 
4uja noroBopRa: «Co Polak, to paa, co £ech, to hetmann, Sjlittiuiit Heopiareji* ryc> 
cHTOBik roBopHTi DO DOBO/iy HXi> no6tAi»: aQuis Bohemico nomini non ioTideal, cu- 
jii8 Yictorias tempeatate nostra plures namerare licet, quam reliquae gentes ombibua 
seculis comparare potaerint?!) (daett Cajbaitt. Hist. Boh. c. 58. Cm. Palacky. Dfijioy^ 
D. Ill, IV " passim). 



O CJABflMAXIb B% MA40& A3IH, BT» AtHPHR-fi H Bl> BCQAHIM. 133 

Ilpotia4e MOBX DopoiDHHa 311 4yja, Taa RoaauKaa cjaBa, 
Dlo no BceMy cBtry Ahi6owb CTa ja ; 
IIXo DO BceMy CBtry CTeaoirb po34Arjacb, npocrar^acb; 
^a no BC^My CB'fcTy jyroBbiMi» roMOHoifB po34ajacb; 
TypeqHHH'b 4a TaTapiUHHt AoGpbiwb junxowh suaTH 4ajacb. 

Ho HHRor4a MajEopocciflHHU'B ee 0T4aBajcfl TocKi 40 Rouua, 
OH-B BipHJ-b Rp-fcnROy <iTo BOSbMeTb CBoe, H ue BaopacHo: 

TftjbRa Borb CBHTufi SHaBi, 

IlJlo Bdu-b 4yMaB'b, ra4aB'b, 3aMbiniJiflB'b, 

Ar^ He3ro4HHbi Ha yRpaaHCbRy 3eafjEO nocbuaBib! 

OTii-Hce S apoHtn^Hl BSbifiuijiB sabiH He3ro4BHb]: 

Heuae HHRoro, mo6'B uacb no40jitaB! 

T6jbR0 Eor-B CbatuB 3uaBi>« 

EUo Bda-b 4yMaB'B9 ra4aB'b9 saMbim^flB-b! 

BbiciniH B4eaj'b BeJBRopyccitofi Hapo4Ho& DOdsia, PyccRifi 
RpecTbAHBui>, Hjibfl MypoMeunb, ne 6oiimificfl nepeqaTb Bja4aMipy, 
Ror4a TOMy 6jaHCb apainja y HCBBaro HyHca Hceay OTHATb, Sbiouuia 
TaTapnb aa Ky^aROBOM^b noj'b, rposAiuiS TypoRi* Bcfex'B no- 
BbiraaTb asi) Llaperpa4a Boa'b, liAhB Mypomem*, ROTopoMy EpMaRx 
TBMo<t»eeBaqb TOJbRo hto njienHHHBqeR'b, naji> 04HaHC4bi b'b 6opb* 
6'b ci» lysKBUii doraxbipeifb. Torb ywe noxBa^ATbca cTaji>: asa- 
q*§H'b Tbi 'fe34anib aa qacTO noje?.... ibi nocraBajL'b 6bj ce6t Re- 
jeBRy npa nyTli, npa 4opo»ceabR'&» a t. 4. 

AeTKBTb Hjbfl no4'b dorarbipeai'b, 

rOBOpBTb H^bA TaROBO CJOBO: 

^a ae jia4ao y cBATbixi> OmoBii aanacaao, 
He ja4Ho y Anocro^oBi y4yMaao: 
Hanacaao 6buo y GBATbix-b Otiiob'b, 
y4yAiaHo 6biJo y AnocTOjioBi>: 
He 6b]BaTb Hjb'fe B'b sacTOM-b noj'fe y6aT0My; 
A Tenepb H^bH no4'b doraxbipeM-b. 
tAeHcyqa y HjLbB BTpoe cajibi npa6buo.... 

CRopo Hjibfl nocnpaBB^CA^ «He40cyri> Hjiox'fa Maoro cnpa- 
maBaibx), cRopo oTctR-b BaxBa.AbmBBt ero 6yfiay rojoBy, a npi- 
"ikxaBii aasacTaBy doraTbipcRyio, fipocaji-b rojoayocbipy 3eMJio — 



134 B. H. JAMAHCRArO, 



IIpii CBoefi gpaTbi ooxBaJiieTCii: 
i/BsAii^jn> BO nojtt TpH4iiaTb j'ibTii, 
9Karo qy^a He aa'baacHBaj'BA \ 



1. fl Be aaam Apyrott irbcHB, bi KOTOpott 6u jy<ime ceda BupasBJi, cosaarejb- 
Ho 1MB (^eacosBarejbBo, Bapo4'i» Pycciitt aa DocJtutaiji Aatcra jIm. Bi aei mono 
pHcyercB ero iipibnoefiiHaii n««oja, n> aett CAameBi OTttrb aa Tft ynpeKB m aa- 
CMtiDKB, KOTopuMB ocuoajB 61*0 HBue, Thwh oxecTO^eBBtbef qtiTB 6ojibBl»e Hz-b no- 
pasaao ero Batmaee MorymecTBO, BM-b . coaAaaaoe npa aeBOJili, ^Wb Mcate bmt» 
npeACTaBjjuocb ero 6yAymee aBaqeaie npa Boat ; vh sett xe a BptoKaa Btpa r^ 
ce6a a Bb cbob cajibi, KoropuB'b b'b Morory acHRoe rope, TBep4aa aa^emAa aa 6y4y- 
mee, ae CBorpa aa rarocTb aacroBDiaro, TBep4aii, noTOMy hto ocaoaaaa aa npomeA- 
meMii, B3b KOToparo vaoroMy, BceMy ^lyqineiiy cyx^eao npopocTB wh 6jAyw»e* Ka- 
acerca, ae jBoiaaM-b 6y4eTi» ntJBBOirb apaaecTa ten ary ntcaio, aaavcaaHya) no- 
HTeaauB-b aamBM-b co6apaTe4en r. TyjaeBburk 

He orb DjaMe<iRa, ae orb oraaqaa 

3arapajaca a-b qBCToirb noa1» K0BU4b rpasa ; 

4[o6Bpajca oroab 40 6t4aro 40 aaMeoiaa : 

4to aa aaMeiORi CB4^'b Mja4'b aces'b cosoji'b. 

no4n«Jajo TO y acaa coaojia xpujba 6bicTpbia ; 

Facb KaK'b ntmb i04HT'b Mja4i> aceai* cuaoji* no ■lacry dojio. 

QpajerajB wh acay coaojy <iepau aopoau ; 

Obb rpaajia, CM^ajacb Jicay coKOJiy ; 

HaauaajB obb acaa coaoja Bopoaov) : 

Ax-b, Bopoaa, Tbi, Bopoaa, Mja4'b acoB'b coKOJ'b I 

Tu, aavbHi*, aaitn, aopoaa, aajer^a 34tcb,7 

OxB^Tb 4epKarb M4a4'b flceBi corojiii lepauirb BOpouaM'b: 

Bu ae rpaikre, bu bo CM^iiTecb, nepau aopoau ; 

KaR'b orpomy a cbob Rpujiba coROJBBua , 

Ilo4BB]iycb TO a, Mja4'b aceai coROJ'b, BUCOROnieubRo, 

BucoRomeabKO noABBiiycb a, luaAi* acea'b 001041%, ao no4Be6ecb«>; 

Onymycb a, Mja4'b aceax coROjrb, ro cupoil aeiut , 

Pa3o6bio a aame CTa40, <iepBU aopoau , 

Hto bb Bct 4B aa qexbipe CTopoau ; 

Bamy Rpoab npojbx) a a'b caae MOpe » 

Bame rb^o pacRB4aio no HBCTy nojx> , 

Baina nepba a paaate) no roMBUM'b jtcaa'b. 

4to Kor4a to 6u4o bcbomj coaojy nopa-BpeMe*iRO , 

4to aeTaai to mlibaii acea'b coRoa'b no no4He6e€bio ; 

yeaaaji* to lua^i* acea'b coroj^ ryceil, Je6e4eil , 

yGBBajn TO ■Jia4'b acea'b coaoa-b ctpux'b yTO^ieai* I 

4to Ror4a TO (Suao 4o6py iioj04ny nopa-apeBeHRo , ' 

4to xoABJii TO, ryjujut 406puil noJOAeirb na aojuoniKt, 

Karb Tenepb to AQ6py uojloauj nopu-apena atrb. 



O (UABABAXl) Bl> MAaofi A81B, Vh AO^PBR'fi H Wh BCnAUlH. 135 

• 

PimRTe^bBo* RaHcercfl, 6e3x BC^Karo ocaosaBiA yTsepxc- 
Mjm HibROTopue , 6yAfo 6hi RB^abfl XI , XII , Xlll a. flau'fc4o- 
BajB vh secbMa cAa6ofi CTeBesB OTsary b dflepriio gbobx'b Ba- 
pflBccKBX'b npeAROBi* "iTo xapaRTepu Ojbra b PorB'b^bi aBJiaiOTCfl 
coBepmeBBbiMB oco6flaRaMB wb ^peBBefi Poccib. 

Mu Be craBenib roBopBTb 34tcb bb o uapeBflt Go<t»ifl , bb 
06-b AuacTacia, bb o Mapei DocaAflBui, bb o^-b EaBpaRciB, 
E^pociBiB , ^^eapoBia , lOjiaaia , bb o Maqexi Hoaouaxa b 
iiHorBXi» 4pyrBX'b, hb o Toirb, hto Kor^a bo b3AT]b Hoaa- 
ropoAa B'b 1478 r., no apBKaay aej. RBaaa HBaaa BacujbeBBia 
Bcfc HoBropo^cRie rpaxc^aae 6bUB BpasoABMbi ero 4'ibTbMH 6oap- 
CKBMB R'b opacari, B'b HpecTBOMy utjoBaBiiOy to no cJOBaui* wlbBOB- 
CKOfl j'^Tonaca: «a Bci u'Lioaaaa jioab» a oiceHbi SoRpcmn, edaebi^ 
H JIOAB 6oflpcRiei>; npofi4eM'b hbmo a cxaTbio PyccRofi IIpaBAbi o 
BAOBrb, a cBpocBMi>' TOAbRo, BeyHceAfl PyccRofi Bapo4'b aaaa^-b orb 
lUBe40Bi BbiCQRoe yaaHceBie R'b CBaxocTa ceMeiiflofi hch3ub,n no- 
CTOABBo BbipaacaeMoe a wh nocjOBBiiaxi»,.B B'bnicnax'b, a B'b na- 
miTflBRax'b cTapofi PyccRofi CAOBecBocra, a BeAB^iasbie o6pa3bi 

HeCTBOfi B40BbI AMeA<t»bI TuMOO^'feeBBbl, MaTCpB UldAOBABBarO BaCbRB 

BycAaeaa, cTapeabRoii B40Bbi Kobobhhxb, Matepa MOA04aro Haaca 
KoBOBHeBRa, MOA04oii RBarBflB, aceBU BacBAia Raaaa, mo noTO- 
Byj'b oTb 30J0Ta aiaiia B4y<ia« a MOA040B aceabi BacaARCbi 4a* 
BBAOBHbi, TaRx repoficRB cROB>iaBniefica? Omero Hce aaRoaeu'b 
Aio6BA'b Bapo4'b OAbry, ecAa oaa 6biAa TaRaa BCTaa IIlBe4Ra? 
coxpaaajBCb ab 6pi aefi cB'fcTAbia Bapo4Bbia BocnoMaaaBia, ecAB 
6bi oaa ae oiB'tnaAa Tor4auiBBMi» B4eaAbBbiM'b npe4CTaBAeBiaMi» 
CAaBflB'b PyccRBX-b o aceBmaai, o Raaraa'b?* Ecab 6bi BAaAB- 

3aca»eHi> to CH4Brfc Ao6piiiii M0404em> bo no6t4uocTB, 

Y MUX-b BOpOrOB'b, A06puil M0J04en'ft^ B1» SeMJBHOtt TlOpbllt. 

Obi Be roAi* to CB4BT'b, Ao6putt M0J04eiiT>, a ae aml ro4a , 

HtO CBABTb TO 406pull M0J04ei|'b pOBBO TpB4aaT]> jATh, 

Hto roJiOByoiKa y 4o6pa 11040411a CTaoa duemeabKa , 
4to (Sopo4yniRa y 4o6pa M0404iia CTa^a MtjeineBbKa. 
A Bce aiAen oa-b oo4SB4aerb BUKyny, Bupy<iRB.j» 

B'b aame Bpeaa yace Moacao npaCaaaTb: aBy4erb BUKyni, 6y4eTi Bupy^aa — 
cBoa BonomvaA. 

1. Hxi coojeiieBBaaii mMhjm Baa^y, AK>6yaiy ■ ea cecTop-b, Ai04MBdiy a ap. 
BcnoMBBTe %nicKoe Dpe4BBie aottai seaBiaai*. BooOme Beabsa ae aaHtTBTb, ito 



136 B. H. ^i^MAHCRArO, 

Mipi CbiA-h uacTOJimifi Bapjin>, to h o Heiii> ue unrbjiock 6bi xaKexi* 

HCe CBtTdblXl) Hap04HblX'B BOCaOMBUaBIB, 11 OHl 6bl HC CDpOBaHCB- 

Ba^i» TaKii BeiAio6e3BO CBoax'b coujeiieBUBROB'b? H >i'fcMi> aaROBeiiii 
PiopBRii,^ CBHeycb, TpyBop'b, Ojeri> a CBaxocjiaB'B b np. lepou Boa- 
BbimeHHiie. ^yquie a ee^aiaBike flpociaBa, McTacjaBa, BjaABMipa 
MoHomaxa, Ilaflc.iaBa, PocTBCJaaa, McTac.iaBOB'b, PoMaaa, JlaHiHJia 

HBCiX'BBX'BCOTpyilBBKOB'b Hd UOJaX-B paTHOMX, RBBHtUOMli, rpaSK- 

AducKOMi>? nisfk obh j^ynme Bcbx'h aaBicTflbix-b a Sea-baaBicr- 
Bbixi» Bauii 4o6pbixi> CTpaAajbiieBi> aa PyccRyto aoMJio, crpoaB- 
uiaxx xpaMbi B HOHacTbipa, DpoaoBiAbiBaBmaxi* XpncTiaBCTBo 
CAOBOWb B A^^^oifb, DBcaBmax'b jiiTonaca, yqaBuiax-b Jo6py b 

RBBHCnofi MyApOCTB CBOBXli COBpeMeHBBROBTi, 6BBUIBXCa Cl>Il0JI0B* 

uaMB, cb tiaTBOH), CO lIlBeAaMBy c'b TaTapaMB, cb HtMuaMB, no- 
cTeoeBHo, HO etpno pa34BBraB0]BX'b rpaflaubi Pyca, pacnpocTpa- 

HABOIBX-b PyCCRiii iI3blRl»? B Dp. B Bp. H^H-b Ra^b Be y^ajbio, OT- 

BaroK) a MOJOAe^iecTsoMii oTJaia^acb a ctBepaaa b loaKBan Pycb 
a B-b XII a B-b Xlll B.? Heyxceaa IllBe4CRafl RpoBb 6Bgiacb bi» bcb- 
^ax'b uec<iacTBaro khhzh BacBJibKa, Ror^a toti* uenrajn^ «pe- 
Roxii Bi> yNi1& CBoeHi>: c<OHce mb 6y4yTb BepeH4BSB a IleqeB'fcaB b 
TopuB, peKy 6paTy cBoeMy BoJ04apeBa a ^aabuoaa: 4afiTaMfl 4py* 
jKBHy cBoio M0404iniOio, a caua DiSTa a BecejaTacn; a ooMbic^ax'b: 
HaaeMJio «lB4bCRyio nacTynjiio iiaaaMy, a aa Jitxo a Boabuy aeujEio 
«ifl4bCRyio H Mbiuy PyccRyio seM^fo; a do ceMb xorbjn> ecMb nepe-* 
flTB Bojrapbi 4yBaiicRbia, a Doca4aTa a y co6e; a ooceMX xorax'B 
DpocBTBca y GBflToao.iRa a Bo^ojaMapa btb aa Dojobub, 4a ^1060 
Haj-fcay codi cjasy, a jifo6o rojoBy cbok) caoacio aa PyccRyio aeM- 
«iiO)). Heqro Towe Ulsexh 6bijii> HaaciaBi*, roBopaBuiia: aEor% 
BHer4a PyccRhia aeaui a PyccRaxii cbiHOBi* bti 6e3qecTb'h ae no- 
jowaa-b ecTb; na Bcix-b M'ibcTax'b «iecTb cbok) aaaMajB cyxb. Hbiu'fe 
»ce, 6paTbe, peBHyaaio TOMy bcb: y caxi* aeHjaxx, a DepeAi* >iio- 
HCRMB aabiRB, 4a6 Hbi Bor'b «iacTb cbok) B3aTa». Paasi cja6o4yui- 
noMy. enjioMy Hapo4y npaHa4^e»caTT» 3a40HniaBa, Gjobo o IIoJiRy 

ecjiH Ojibta u cjoBO HiiMeiiRoe, to h81> Toro erne 04HaK0 ee cj^^yerb, hto6ii b KBiiniBA 
Ojbra 6hijia HtMKa. Qua ice 6ujia h3i» IIcROBa. Ckojiiko Pjcckbx !• ^aaoBi, KaKOBi>, 
Mapal Eb yan. eme bo AOKaauaaeT'L ea HtMeibtaro npoacxoBueaia. EcTb vhAh ■ 
CjaBflBRH yMBbiH, Be raynte Htmoirb. To me moivio 6uti> ■ cotbr A'bt'h nmy aaaaA^ 
CbiBii ea CenmocAaez -^ <iBCTbiii CjaaaBBBb, 3anopoBtem>. > 



CJUBRBAX'h Vh MAJOii A31U, Bl» A^kPHK-fe H BX UCnAHIB. 137 

HropeB'b? HenTO oho Toaxe o64H"iaeTi» BapflSKCRoe BjiAHie? Cja- 
sa Bory, RaK'B hh ^a^^eRo eme mm ym^fl b-b PyccRofi acTopio, 04- 
HaKo Bi> BacTOJunee Bpeua y»ce Hejbsa 6e3^ 4o6po4ymHofi, ho Barb- 
crib H qiycTHofi yjibi6RH, BCooMBHaTb AasKe o TaROM'B MH'iHiH paB- 
ho, RaR'b u o cjoBax'b Uljieuepa, 6y4To6bi y4ajbCTBo 11 6yHCTBo 
UoBropo4iieB% o64HiaioT'b b^ bbxi Depepo4HBuiHxca HiMaeBi», 
L[lBe40Bi>. Hejb3B ae yBaacaTb aaGjyrii b 4apoBaHiii Ill^eaepa; 
H0Bejb3a ue coanaTbCfl, hto OH-b dbiBaj'b HHor4a H'ibcROJbRo.caHo- 
Ha4'ibaH'b B 6pajicfl cy4HTb o Toirb, Hero acho ho noHBiiaji\ IIo 
cy4y 6e3npBCTpacTBaro , ae Meubme ero oRasaBinaro ycjy.r'b Pyc- 
cRofi BCTopiR, B cTOJb Hco 4apOBBTaro, IIIa«i»apBRa , Bejaqafimaro 
saaTORa CaaBaHioBBk], ccaamin cjiaBaufi yHBTejb» 6hiJn> aonenb He- 

4aaeRl» BO BCeifb CjiaBHBCROM'b)». 

BeJb3a TaRBMii o6pa30H'b cor^acBTbca c'b t'6mh , hto ynpe- 
RaiOTB nJa<»apHRa bi» Beaocjrl40BaTejibHOCTB 3a ero o6%ACBeHie 
B3BliCTHaro MtcTa 6eo4»BjaRTa o CjtaBaaax'b. IIIa4»apflR^ pa3yM'6j'b 

C.4aBflBl» HeBOBHCTBeHBblHB Bl TOMl CMblCJ'fe , HTO CiHH He HCBJIB 

BCRjiioHBTejbflo rpa6eHceM'b h aacHjiflMB, a He B^bTOMii, hto jerRo 
QepeBocBjB HymiH o6B4bi. Hanpacno TaRwe, RanceTca HaM'b, ynpe- 
RajB HiROTopbie IlajaaRaro 3a ero MR'tnie , hb 6oA'ke hb Meaie 
RaR'b cnpase^jiBBoe, o tomi>, hto 4»pe4erapoBO ooBcanie o6paiiie- 
Hifl ABapoB-b CO GjaBflHaHB noaaMaTb 6yRBajbB0 aejbSA a He cji'b- 
^yerb. Sai'feii'b 6biJ0 3a6biBaTb cjoea CjaBAHCRaro B0»c4a» CRa- 
saHHbia HH-b AaapcRHM-b nocjaHi. or. 565 r.: arto bi> no4COji- 

HeHHoH MOBCeT'b pa36BTb B O04HBHBTb Hamy CBJy? Mbl 06blRH0- 

seHBO oTRBMaeifb aeniJiB y 4pyrBX'b, a He 4pyne y ffaci» ; name 
ocTaueTca npa aacb, noRa 6y4yT'b Bofiabi a MeqB». Roqeuy me 
TOdibRo npn oTcyxcTBia crporaro, deaopBCTpacTaaro acTopanecRaro 



1. BoTii 8TB AOOTonanATBUH cjoBa: ffBapiirB 4o«iroe BpeMfl cotorndMjin (kub- 
mjio qacTb BHTejiett HosropoACKiix'b , aoqeiiy b Hsuirb BZ'b (^peBBe-IIlBeACBill) 
ocrajcii SAtcb bi npeBHjnxecTBeHBOB'b ynoTpeGjeflia. CBJibaaB npBBaaaBBocTb Hobo- 
ropoanewh vh CBo6o4i, KOTopaa bo Bce npo^ojuceaie cpe^Baro adbKa qacro Buxaau- 
Baerca CBepxi* Ml>pu, sacTaBjaeT'b Taxaie aaR4ib«iaTb, <ito obb Bapaaccvaro npOBcxoac- 
iteaiBJ). (Illaeii. HecTOpi. I, XX. C. 342 a cj.). Illjeiiepii Guj-b Be40B0JeB-b FpaMaa- 
THKOH) .loMOBOcoBa. Tay6epT-b OHy caaaaj-b: aSchreiben sie selbst eioe russische 
Grammatik, die Akademie soil sie druckeu lasseo. Ich nehme den Aaflrag an». B-b 
cBoeii rpavBaiVKi opoaaaoABrb Hljenepi gjobo d^^apviis orb dapana: cj. KHHSb 
orb kneeht; ex dmea orb dtefr, Ife^a Hffe — cyaa. 



138 B. H. JAMAHCKArO, 

B8rJB4a HOSKHO npeAOOJOaKBTb O CwiaBflHCKOM'b opoB^xoaKAeBiB 

nasicTHaro BoaKAa CwiaBJiBCKaro BOBciaaia apoTBBi ABapoBi. saa- 
neBBTaro Cavo ? 

no3B<Kifleii'B ceSt 9aEj[iOHBTb aaiii^aBifl saoiB o xapasTep'fc 

GjaBABli, 06l> BX% y^a^B B npe4BpiBM«IBB0CTB CJOBaMB 3Ba- 

neBBTaro y^iesaro Apa6cRaro XI B'fcRa, ROToparo oabb-b aaib jy<i- 
BiBxx aaaTOKOB'b A'fcja* 4oaB, craBBTB TarB BbicoRO, RaR'b e4Ba jb 
BOSMOHCBO nocTaBBTb MBorBX'B ero aana^flo-EBpofleficRHX'b co- 
BpeMeBBBROBii B BoyieBOCTB, B DO yMy, B no ^apoBaBiaBiii ; pa- 
ayu'ibio cjt4. cjobb cjasaaro reoq)a<fra A6y-06eB4-BJjax»ajb- 
BeRpB (t 1 094 r,), Roropua npBBOBcy bo ^^paauyacROBi'B nepeB04:fc 
EUapMya: aLes Slaves soot nne natioB redoutable, puissaate et im- 
petaese. S'ils n'eussent 6\A divisis en un grand Dombre des races 
et des. tribus diffgrentes , aucune nation au monde ne leur eAl 
tenu t6te^ ' 

44 A Toro, ^To6bi 4aTb BoaMOBCBO nojBbjfi, o6cToaTejbBbi8 h 

y40B4eTB0pBTe4bBblfi OTB'fcrb Ba BOOpOCb — nOCfcoiaJB 4B C^a- 

BflBe Pyccrie M. Aaiio b 40 IX — X b. » mu 404»Bta eme npB6t- 
raytb m BiROTopuirB 4pyrBM'B coo6paBceBiaM'B, 

HecTop'b roBopRTb: ^Orb CBX'b Hce 70 b 2 aauRy 6bicTb a3uri» 
CLtoB^BecRib OTX BjeneBB A<freTOBa, HopuB, esxe cyrb Cjoaiae. — 
Do MBoaibx'b Bce BpeMAsixi* ckiB cyxb CjOBisa no ^ynaeBB, r4'b 
ecTb flbiB'fc yropbCRa aeM4A b BojrapbCRa. Oti> tIjxi Cjob^bx 
pa3B4oniacA 00 aeHjl b nposaamacA BMeabi cbobmb, vA'h ct4me 
aa ROTopoM-b nicrb: aro npBnie4Ble cfcAoma aa fi^nfk BHaaeMx 
Mopasa a apo3Bamaca Mopaaa)!. 

A nTh 4pyroM'b Biicrb y aero ace HBTaeai'b: aJi,jjA6B acBBAxy 
no Byry, r4t auait Bejbbiaaae, a yjy<iB, TaBepbiia c'fc4Axy no 
^aicTpy, npBC'fc4Axy r'b ^yaaeBB ; 6i MaoacbCTBO axi, ci4Axy 60 
no ^B'i^cTpy ojm doMopa^ cyrb rpa4B BX'b a 40 cero 4ae; 4a to 
CA 3Baxy orb FpeK^ Bejaaaa CRyeb)». 



1. IIo<iTB TBKh me roBOpHTb CjaMBaxi Hpo4orb Apa6cKitt, IfaccjAi* niap- 
Mja npBBOABTb cjtAjiomiii cjoaa KasBRBfl (1275): oLes Slayes, dit Ifassoady, ae com- 
posent de diff^rentea peapladea qui se font la guerre: ai la diacorde ne r^gnait entre 
eux, aucnne nation ne poorralt leur reaiater powr la force et Vamdaq9». (Charm, 
p. 340). 



O CjIABIIBAXT» Vh HAJOK A9IB, Vb AOPBK« B BX BCBAHIB. 139 

H TdiTB Cjaeaae Ba4peBJe huub no ^yaaio, b'b ^aHHOHiB^ 
Yace BTB 111 B IV b. no P. X., a Moacerb a pasbme, apocrapajBCb 
Bxii acBJBOia Ao ycTbeBi» ^yHaa, OT^ero KoaeiHo b Hepaoe Mope 
pauo crajo AocryoBO Birb \ 

Do Byry , 4H'6cTpy a 4B'&apy acaja 4y-it6bi, Ytabhb ^ a Ta- 
BepoB (awe cyTb To.ikobbbiii), 6e8'b Goualaba aa^o^ro 40 IX b.: 
OHB 6biJiB HHoro^acjieBBbij BH'kiB ropo4a. Decejeaia ax'b npo- 
crapajBCb 40 Mopa. 

4'fcficTBBTejbBO lopaaa/Tb B'b YI b. aoirbmaeT'b cajbaifimBxi 
warh CjaejaiB'B, AaTOB-b aa IIoHrb, mevusy ^aicrpou'b a 4B'&npoii'b 
(qua PoDticnm mare carvatur a Daaastro extenduntur usque ad 
Oanaprom^ quae flumina mnltis mansionibus ab ioTicem absunt). 

O^eab BipoBTBO, qTo Abtu bcbjb no4Ta B^rbx'bBee vbcTaxx 
a B'b IV B. *. 

TaRaMx oCpaaoiTb a cb 8Tofi cropoabi Hepaoe Hope paao 
crajo yiocTynao airb. 

CroBTb npanoMBBTb, TOJbRo — • noxo4'b O^eroB^ aa Uape- 
rpa4'b, onycTomBTeJbHbifi qoxo4i> Hropeffb B'b M. Asm B'b 944 r. '; 
00x04^ AcRojb40B'b 866 r. , 00x041) PyccoB'b bi» Ma^yio Aaia no 
B3ffikcTiE0 SRatia cb« Feopria AMacrpificKaro a np.; eroarb, ro- 
Bopio« npanoMBBTb To^bRO, no eme bx X b« Hepaoe Mope aasbi- 

BBJia PyCCRBMT), qtO KoBCTaBTBB'b nop<I»flpOp04BblB OpB OOBCaHiB 

noporoBx' ^ainpoBCRax-b 4aerb airb aaaBaaia a CjaaaacRia a Ba- 
paro-PyccRia, BapaaccRia, CRaB4aBaBCRia, ROTopua 6e3'b BcaRaro 
coMB'ikBia o6pa30Baj[BCb no34B'be, a ae aa odopoTi*; cToarb, roBo- 



1. BoryzBajTb roBopvrb; cicribitiir enlm in Tetastlssimis eodiciba9,,qaod Panno- 
Dia ait mater et origo omniam SlaToiiioaniai Bationanu. 

3. Zeosa. S. 592. — ma«ap. Oi. 4p* 8 & ^ 

3. ytJtuHHj lark ocrpoyMHO aaarbniji Ha4e«AHB'&, 6ujBy voBe^iHa, soTe^B 
yutOt EyAMBKB, «0 BtcTOBoaoxeBiB 4peBBHro ropoAa Depec^«ieBa» {wh 3aQ. O^eccv. 
O6111. HcT. B 4peaa.)* 

4. IIIa«ap. 8 8. 8. 

5. «H4e Hropfc na FpeiB; aao DO&iama Boarape atcTb vo napio, bko B4yTb 
Pycfc aa I^pbrpa4'b CKe/dit 10 Tucantb. Hxe O0B40ioa b DpBDjyma, b Do<iaiiia Boe- 
BBTB BBeaflbeiiH crpaBU, b aoeaazy no IIOBry 40 BpaKjia b 40 ^a^JiaroHbCKB aeMJB, 
B BOM) crpany HBKOHB4iacByio nofljtBBame, b Gy4'b aecb noxroma*, b np. 
P. Jl. 1, 18. 



140 B. B. JAMAHCRArO, 

pio, npanoMHiiTb TOJbKo, "iro Ojerb xoABA'h vh noxo^i ea Ppe- 
ROBi> He ci> Bapflraiin oahbmh, saRx ROHe«iHo b Hropb, ho b co 
GjOBiuaHH (t. e. HoBropo4maMB) , Hy^Bio, KpBBaqaMH, Mepeio, 
IIojflHaMH, GtBepflaauB , 4peBJiiHaMB, PaABMB<iaMB , XopnaraMB^ 
Jlyji^6aMB B TBBepaauB; hto, no! cjoBaifb KoBCTaaTBBa IIop- 
oBpopoAsaro , Baparo-Pyccau'b crpoBJiB cy^a GjaBaae; hto do 
jlninpy Ba^peBdie xcb^ib GjaBflHe; «ito paao yaaaeifb o nop- 
CRBXX rpa6e»cax'B GjaBflHx, RaR'b vh BajiTificRoifB, TaKT» bi> drefi- 
CROMX B AApiatB^ecROMTi MopflXi»; qTO HepHoe nope 6bijio yio- 
crynno HiROTopbiui* noROj'bHiflM'b GjaBBHi> eme B'b lY b., no 
B'*eii BipoflTHOCTB B ropa34o paHbme; sto B'b III b. HepHouopcRie 
FoTbi 6e3'b coMH'bHbA B'b cBoaxx noxoAaxx Ha M. Aaiio aojibsoBa- 

^BCb GjaBABaMBv RaRl» Ty3eMIiaMB,6jB3R0 3aaR0Mb1IIH Cb MopeMii ^ ; 

^To cb ^pyroii cTopoiibi rpefiesKH Fotobx B'b M. Aaia ae Mor.iB 
octaTbCH 6e3'b aocjcfc^cTBifi aa GjaBfla'b, oTaocBTejbao bxt> aaa- 
ROHCTBa Cb M. Adieio; CTOBT-b, roBopio, npanoHHBTb, <ito G^aBsa- 
crIh aace^eaifl B'b M. Asia aaqaaoM-b CBoaai'b Bocxo^arb hh B'b 
RoeM'b cjy^a'fe ae noaace, RaR'b ri» VII b., a BecbMa BiposiTao, hto 
B ropa3AO paabaie; apanoMHBB'b ace ace bto, mu acao nofiiieii'b, 
RaR'b ^epRO, aeocTopoHcao a ^aace 6e3pa3cyAao aocTynaja 6bi mm, 
eciB 6bi cxadiB yTBepac4aTb« rto C^aaaae PyccRie craja aoctmarb 
M. Aaifo KaRi» oT^'kibauMB jiaiiaMB, raa'b b 6o^ie »4b uea'be 
saaqBTejbabiHB To.inauB , vh nepsbie B'b IX — X b. 

Bbime Mbi BB4tdia aeo6xo4BMocTb npaaaaTb Becbaia 4aBHB- 
uiaioio 6biTaocTL PyccRBX'b aocejeaifi B'b npa-^oacRoifb Rpa't, y 
4.oaei|Raro Rpaaca, no AaoBCRouy iiopiOv B'b RaaacecTBi Tuy- 
TopoRaacROM'b; BB4'i^By «iTo Hac€y4B onacuBaerb PyccoBi j^oa- 
cRRX'b a AaoBCRBX'b, RaR'b ii'b^bili, oc'fc44bi& aapo4'b, caMo6brrabig 
B%Haoro<iBCjeaBbiB» aaaaiiaiOiiiifiCA apoMbic^aMB n npaBbnaufi 
B'b. Mopio ; BB4'fcjtfB ae46xo4BiiocTb coraacBTbCfl Cb 4»paaiiy8CRBH'b 
opieHTa^acTOM-b Peao, nojoxcBTejbao yTBep»c4aioaiBH'by qTo to 
ae MorjB' 6biTb IIlBe4b] ; BB4'feaB rto aTBX'b PyccoB-b c^axaeT-b 
Alaccy4B 04aoRpoBabiiiH co G^aBaaaua a Ey^rapaMa (t. e. jdlyaaK- 
crbmb), GjiaBflHauB ae tojbro ajb-HcTaxpa, ao b I16a'b-Xop4aT'b- 
Berb, coBpeMeaaHR'b Piopaaa a Ojera, yuepaiift crapaRoii'b B'b 

1. Pauli: Real.-Encyclop. noA'h cj. Gothen* 



O GJABaBAX'b B-b HA^oft A3I0, Wh AOPBK-B B.B'b HCaAHlH. 141 

OfSr.y Ror4a emelllBe/iu He Horaa yTpaxBTb CBoefi Hapo4HocTB; 

BH4i^H Heo6x04BilOCTb 40ayCTBTb Bl> TaROHli CJy^a'fc 6blTU0CTb 

C^aBii8CRBXi» DocejeaiM bi> arou'b Rpa'fe 3a40diro 40 X b. H xiii- 
GTBBTejbuo npoRonifi'(552r.)i ynouiiHyBT> o Bapo4ax'B, HCBBWBX'b 
opa ycTbflxi» ^oBa b no 6eperaM'B AaoecRaro Mopfl, saMi^aeTi: 
o^ajibB'ikBaiie Rpaa ea chseph saaBHaiOTi 6e34Bc«ieBBbie Bapo4bi Ab- 
Tovb)> (I^VT) Ta 'AvTov apLSTpa tSpuvrat). Ecjb AnTbi 6bUB MBoro- 
HHCjeBBu, TO oqeBb B'fcpoBTBOy «iTO 0T4iJbHbifl oocejeaiB flx'b npo-> 
CTBpajHCb 40 ycTbeB^ 4oHa a ri* AaoBCRouy Mopio. Bx Bbicoiefi 
cTeaeBB Baxcaoe 4peBHee Hapo4Boe npe4aBie GRaB4BHaBCRoe rj[a- 
CBTb, RTO piRa ^OH-b (Tanaquisl) piRa CjaBABCRaa (Yaoaquisl); 
aa BocTOiaofi ea cTopoa'fc JiexcBT'b 3eiLia Acobx (Asalaad), a bi» 
Beft ropo4i Asgard, wh ROTopoirb iiapcTBOBa^i* 04BH'b. Oai Boe- 
Baji* CTh BaaaHB , ao crh nepeM'iaabiu'b ciacTbeM'b. Boo6nie oa-b 
apocJiflBBdi'b ce6ii BofiaaMB a aa cyai'i b aa Mop'i. DoTOirb oai 
oTBpaBBJCfl aa cisep'b B'b GRaB4BflaBiio. 

npexe4e ae npB4aBaBmifi axoMy Dpe4aabio HBRaaoro acropa- 
HecRaro aflaieaifl, fl. rpanirb a-b CBoefi HcTopia aauRa yace oiil- 
UBJi-b ea BCTopa^iecRyio BaaeaocTb a BecbHa ocTpoyuao aaMiTa.i'b, 
HTo 04Ba'b ae aaapacao aocarb anaTeTU Yegtamr (wegemiid), 
GAngrftdr, Gftngleri, y CaRCoaa viator indefessus; noieiiy atfeaao 
04BBi» ape4aoHTBTe^bao nepe4'b bc&mb npoqaMa 6oraMB? agewiss 
well seine WaodernngeD von Osten nacb Norden unter dem Volk 
beriihmt und eingepragt waren. Wenn also auch dieser Ziige die 
una verbliebnen Lieder nicht mebr gedenken^ setzen in solcbeo Na- 
men sie sie offeobar voraus %. 

Ha oeaoBdaia oTaxi* B3B'ikcTi& mm yace ae pimaeMca ae npa- 
aaaaaxb GjiaBaacaaro npoBcxoHC4eBia ILiaaieBCRBX-b Cep6om a 
IlT04eiieeBGRBX'b CupSom^ <ito aa 4oay. 

HecTopii roBopBT'b, rto ELojiaae a 4pyria aiTBa GjaBaacRia 
3a40diro 40 npnaaaaia BapaaccRoa Pyca naaxBJa 4aBb Xoaapaifb. 
MaceyAB roBoparb, qro Gjaaaae a Pyccu c4yacB4B bi> BoitcR-fc 
XoaapcROM-b. Boo6nie Ba40 sau'^TBTb, rto Macey4B ae CMiuia- 
BaeTb Gaaaaaii a PyceoB'b, ao a ae coBepmeaao 0T4'bjae'rb ax-b; 
To<iao TaR-b ace a aab-Bcraxpa; coBpeMeaaaRi) ace PiopaRa a Oaera, 

i. Gesch. d. deuUch. Spr. S. 769 f. 



* 
I 



142 . B« II* JAMAHCRArO, 

• 

BdHx-XopAaTB-Berb np^no eupaxcaercA: «rPyccbi warb o^eueBB 
CdiaBflB'LB. MaccjAH wh oabom-b irfccrfc aaatqaeT-b, hto Pyccu 
Buicrfc cb ByjrapauB (KoaeqHo 4yHa&cKBiiB) h GjaBnaaMB opo^ 

BCX04aT'b 0T1» 04B0r0 p040HaHaj|bHBRa. TaKBBTB 06pa301l'b Pyccbi 

fl GjiaBflHe MaccyiB oo^itb to ace canoe « vro CiaBaae b Abtm 
EIpoRonifl, ROTopux-b Torb ae CMlmBBaerb, ao a ae coBepmeaao 

0T4^BeT'b. 

Pyccbi Maccy4B — aiuuft nchMMnH aapo4'b, acBBOiift aa^oay 
B y AaoBfRaro Hopa, Haoroqacjeaauttv aaaavaioiiii&cfl opoMbi- 
cjaMB fl apaBbiYBbiil Ri* Mopio. 0<ieBB4ao, ^to TaRofi uapo4'b ae 
Morb HBBTbCfl ae^aBBO, a 4'bflcTBBTejbao Apa6cRifi BCTopaRi ajb- 
Ta6apB (f 923) , aarop-b B€eo6Biefi HcTopia » AOBe^eaaoB BH'b 40 
912 r., paacRaauBaerb, ytq apa xa^iatii OMapi, aaBoeBarrejib Aaep- 
6B4aeaBa Gyppaaa 6eB'b * Awpy, Dociaai na EUapaaauiaxa UQex- 
piapa BoicRO no4:b aa«iajbCTB0M'b A64yppaxiiaaa. 

lUexpiap'b, B^a4'bBia ROToparo BR4i0«iajfl 6ep4y cb oRpeerao- 
CTBHB 40 ^ep6eaTa9 Bbime^'b R'b Apafiairb aa BeTpiqy, o6'fciiiaji» 
apBaaaTb ax'b Bja4bi<iecTB0 , o^araTb aarb 4aBb a cjyacBTb oajo- 
ToiTb apoTBVb BparoB'b BBovbpfteB'b. Do c40BaM'b Ta6apB aro opo- 
BCX04ajo Kb 642 r. Owh ace BJoacB.rb b^ ycra EDexpiapa cj*t- 
4yiomyio pl^ib, cib ROTopoio Tor-b o6paTflJCA rx Apa6aM'b, rotm 
OBB no4oui4B Ri» 4ep6eaTy (Bab-eUabwab. Derbend): afl aa- 
xoHcycb Me»c4y 4ByMa aenpiflTeainiB XoaapaiiB a PyccaMB. dra 
noc.i'b4Bie apara Bcero nipa, b^ oco6eaBoeTa Apa6oB'^ ; ao aecra 
Cb BBMB BO&Bbi, RpoH'b 94'fcniaax'b jf04eft« BBRTO BB yirfceTi: Birb* 

CTO TOrO, HT06bI DJiaTBTb BdM'b 4aRb, Hbl 6y4eM'b co6cTBeB- 

flUHB aamBMB cpe4eTBaMfl b co6cTBeBBbiBr& opyacieifb bcctb 
Boiifly npoTBB'b PyccoBHb; a apeaaTCTBOBaTb mn aepecTynaxb aaaiy 
o6jacTbt coqTBTe 8to aairb BM'fecTo 4aBB, mu Taaairb o6pa3oirb 
nocTOBBBo 6y4eMnb Becra Bofiay^n. 

B'b Vll a YIII B. Xoaapu 4'ik9cTBaTejbB0 BaB04BjR crpaxii aa 
KaBRaat a aaxo4BJBCb nowa b^ 6e3BpepbiBBbix'b aofiaax'b <rb 
Apafiana. KaR'b bb orpaaaneabi BacToamia acTopaqeeRia cBi4'fc- 
fliff 06'b araxx crpaaaxx, 04flaRo a B^BacToaoiee apeMa aaaicTBo 



1. M6m. de TAcad. des Science! de St.-P6ter8b.— Classe hist phiL— VI. S.45S. 
■ 4pyr. ynou. Pyccax'fc. S. 456. 



O GJIABflHAX'b Wh MA40tt A8IH, Wh A<I»PHR« B Vh BCaAUlH. 143 

y»e, <iTO OK. 651 — 2 r. Xoaapu bsajb 4ep6enr&9 ROTopufl no- 
TOHx OTHJiaB y HBX'B Apa6bi B y»ce ocraBBdifl aa co6oio. Bi boS- 
aax'L Xoaap'B ex Apa6aHB, BJiaAiaifl EUapBaHinaxa qacTo no4Bep- 
rajBeb ODycTomeHian-B nepsbncb. Bi 717 r. Xoaapbi vh qpcji 
20 Tuc. qejoB'fcKx Haiia4aiOTb aa Aaepda^acavbi ho 6bMa paa- 
6HTbi. Boioiorb OHB (Tb Apa6auB n 720 — 24 r., TaRace or. 
728 r,; n 730 r. 

G^aBfltte PyccRie, no CBB4ibTejbCTBy Hecropa, 3a40Jiro ^ so npa- 
aaaaifl PiopBRa njaTa^a ^aab Xoaapaii'b: vKoaapa BMaxy (MBb) aa 
Do^aaix'b a aa GiBepix'b a aa BaTavbx'b, BMaxy no 6ia'6 a si- 
Bepaii'b OTb AbiMa». 

BecbMa B^poflTBO, ^to GjaBaae btb ae toapKo njaTa^a 4aab 
XosapaM'b, ao a noHoraaa airb Bxax'b Bottaaxx, aii «ieHy Morja 
ao6yB€4aTb ax'b MBorifl npaqaaUt aeu a joaaaHBTejbabiA , aaR'b 
BsaTbifl oT^tJibaOf TaRx a Bci BH'bcrb, a aueaao ofiasaTe^b* 
cTBa Vh OTHomeaia Xoaapi ^ , co6cTBeHaafl oxora no/ipaTbca a no- 
rpa6nTb.... 

Haccy4B roBoparb, hto bx BoficR'b Xoaapx cjyacRja GjaBaae 
a Pyccu. — B'b799r« Xoaapu ob ja^rbja EDapBaaoH'b b raH4»coio 
a Baaaa bx nala-b orojo 100 Tucaqb qeaoB^Ri. DojoacBMi, 
^Bcjo npeyaewiB^ieao; rfcirb ae Meale raaoe aaBicTie aacraBjaerb 
npe^no jaraTb , aaRii ae^BRa 6biJB ycoixa Xosap'b B'b ax'b Boea- 
Hbix'b npe4apiaTiflx%. £4Ba jb aax dToro caikoro o6eToaTajbCTBa 
ae Cwrfc4yerb yace^ hto Xosapau'b nouoraja 4pyrie aapo4bI^ 

1. CpBB. ciOBS HecTopa: «H ooMOcra (AcKOiikA'b ■ 4bp>) no AHtnpj, b aAyne 
■MHO, ■ ysptcTa Ha ropb rpa/iorb ■ ynpamacTa, p^ra: «<iiit ce rpa4orb?» ohb xe 
pima: «($uja cyTi> 3 6paTfcfl, Kill, UJlesii, XopBBii, B»e c^iijama rpa/ioBii ocb, b Ba- 

nKkMDa, h mu ch/uatrh luaTBHe Aaob poAOWh rnvh KoaapOBi (cm. Bap.)o. ■ 

2. BoTb ocBoaaaie 4yiiaTi», ^to Cjaaafle AtftcnBTeJBBO o6fl8uaajBCb noMorari^ 
Xoaapan. cDo cax'h me atrtz'B, no CMepTB 6paTbft ces, 6uiiia oObuOuiu 4pM4Bmb, 
HB-bHB OKOJBBMB, B BaB4oma'B KosapB cbAflmaji aa ropaxi* cbx'b bii j^cltx'b, b pima 
KoaapB: cDjaTBre aaM-b ^aabv. Cii/iyMaame Ilojaae b B4aina orb 4UMa Me<ib, b bO- 
conia KoaapB bo RBa9M> cBoeiiy» b np. TaRBMi o6pa80B*b no Bapo/iBovy npeAaain 
CuBBBe njaTBjB Aaab Be TOJbRo 6^aiDi b BtBepanaBB, bo m iieqaMB. 

3. Mem. de TAc. YI. Ct. Ak« 4opBa: Nachr. iiber die Chaaaren. Ta6apB roao- 
parb npB onBcaaiB boMbu Xoaapii cb A'pa6aMB B'b 724—743 r.: «Der Konig ron 
Chasar^. achickte ao den Chakan and an alle VnglaUbigej und forderte aie zum 
Kriege gegen die Ifasalmanen anf, woraof sie aach eingingen und aich ein- 
•teUten. (S. 469). 



144 B. B. ^AMAHCRArO, 

HcTopHRTi MaaaHAepaua a Ta6epBCTaHay IHanp - 94 - 4Hiii»« 
»cuBinifl Bi» XY B. , HO deal* coMH'ibHifl BMiBtnitt nepe4i> C06010 
HCTOHUBRH, ^0 Hacb HeAoiiieAmie b^h noHbiH'fc eme ue HaB>ieHHbie« 
roBopHT'by RTo coBpeneBBHRi CdccaHB^a HymBpsaea BejBRaro 
(532 — 579 r.)t nocrpoflBinaro JlepCem'h (aopoTa Boporb) h aaa- 
MeHBTyio CT'bHy b Ha3Ha<iBB.uiaro b'b paawiBqabia o6^acTB KasKaaa 

0C06b1X'b Han tCTBBROBli \ COBpeueHHBR^ BTOrO TOCyAapH, O^HH-B 

831* BjaA'i^TedieH KaBRa3CRBXi», HapcB, BMtdii> cbiaa 4»Hpy3a, rotd- 
pbifi Hacjt40Baji> 0Tiiy« b c<bo BJdA'feHiax'b PyccoB'b, Xo3api> b Cja-- 
BHHi» He 6buo ua<iajbHHRa, ROTopbitf 6bi eMy ue aoBBHOBajcai). 

AuTbi, DO cBB4'feTejbCTBy IIpoRonifl, 6bUB BecbMa MHoro- 
qHC^esHbi , TKBjm Ha cfeaepi^ oti» Hapo40B% , o6HTaBmBX'b no 6ep6* 
rau'b AaoBCRaro MopA b npB ycTbiixi» ^ona. — IopHaH4'b« ero 
coBpeMeHBHR'b, HadbiBaexib BTh cBwibHtfiniBMH B3^ CjaBflB-b, a no- 
xo4bi Bxi> Ha Hunepiio BocTo^nyio bt> VI b. HecoMHt>HHo 40Ra- 

dblBaiOTli BX'b BOBHCTBeHHOCTb. HcJlbSfl 3a6bIBaTb, HTO BOCTORlt, 

Asia , Bcer^a HM'kai» RaRyio to oco6yio npBB^eRaTejbHOCTb ajih 
napoAOBi* EBponeKcRBX-b; H^wh ApeBute apeiieua, ffeirb calHcfee 
6biJH Hapo4Hbifl npe4aHifl o6'b B0CT0R'k« o6'b Aain, o 4peBHe& bxi* 
npapo4BH'6. Becbua B'bpoaTHOy qTo CjiaBi^ne b B'b VI b. b ropaa^o 
paHbme cTpeMBdiBCb na boctort>, bt* ^arecTaui>. Iloxo4'b FyHHOB-b 

B'b M. AaiK) B'b Y B. HeCOMHiBHO RBHCeTCfl 40Ra3bIBae'rb, HTO B'b 

^arecTaB'fe 40 HymBpnana, nocTpoBBwaro ^epdenrb b cribHy, Be 
6biJ0 4a»ce HHRaRBXii BCRycTBeHHbix'b nperpa4'b. HeB3BicTHbiH 
Apa6cRi8 reorpa<i»T>, coqBHHTBdib KHara GTpan'b, HCBamitf biiXb., yno- 
MHHaeTb p'^Ri GdiaBftHCRoK na KaaRas'fe; raRaa we ptRa diaBAB- 
cRaa ynoMBHaercfl ua KaBRa3'b b y Ta6apB ^. TaRoe HaaBanie HOHcerb 
cayacBTb 4aHce yRaaameu'b na 6biTH0CTb H'fcRor4a bi> dTOM'b Rpa'b 
CjaBAHCRaro noceJieHia. Hama CBi4tuifl C^aBflBax'b, ocHoaaH- 
Hbifl na HaatcTia OpoRonia 06'b AnTaxi*, na ynoMBHaHiB naaaieM-b 
B IlTOJieiieeMX Cep6oB^ na ^ouy , na 4peBueiii CRaB4BBaBCR0M% 



1. M6m. de I'Ac. d. Sc. de St-P6t. CI. hist phil. T. lY. Crarbfl Akba. 4opaa: 
Yenach einer Geschichte d. SchirwaiiBchache. 

2. Ct. H. H. CpeaHetCKaro: CitAu 4peBHAro aaaK. PyccRBX'B cb loxHott A a fell. 
BtcTB. reorp. 06m. 1854. .^ 1. C. tf4 ■ 62. M6m. de TAc des Sc. de StP^t. Yl. 
8. 485. «lagerte>m Flusse der Siklab. 



(UABflHAXl> BT> MA^OH A31U, Bl* AOPHK-B H Bl> UCnAUUfl. 1 45 
0pe4auiH O&b 04IIB'fa, O ptK'fe ^OBt, KdKi O ptK'b CjLaBflUCKOH, o- 

BaHaxii H np., TaRia CBt4'ikHifl p'bmuTejbuo Be B03Bo^flK)Ti» uBMh 

pt3KO H CaM0Ba4'ibHBfl0 yTBep>K4aTb, <ITO Bl VII H VI B., B 4aH{e 

uecpaBBeBBO paubme, GjaBflue Be^iyBCTBOBa.iB oxotbi h Be MoraH 
uaBHpaTb Ba KaBKadi** Be Mor^u craTb MasfccTBbiMH Apa5aMb, 
oopaTBBuiiiMit flpu xa4B«i»1> OMap'b Ba dTOTi* Rpaij cbom aaBoeBa* 
TeJbBbie aaMbicjbi, hto C^iafiflBe 04ByMi> cjobomi> Be Moryri. ohjTb 

YQOMBBaeMbl Bl> BOCT04HblX.l> HCTOHBHKaX-b VI B Vll B. pM40Al'b Cb 

XoaapaMH. 

ToHBo TOHce caMoe o6fl3aBbi Mbi cKaaaTb b o Pyccax-b. Kor4a 
noBBajHCb PyccKifl nocejeBia, 6biBfliiA bi> XIV h Xill b. bt* spn- 
4oBCKO]ii'b Kpa'fi? Kor4a aoHsujach PyccKaa cTiixia bi> RBHHcecTB-fe 
THyTopoKaBCROMi>, Bit X fl XI B. DOJbaoBaBBieMCfl BecbMa 6o.]b- 
mHM'b 3BaHeBieaii>7 Maccy4B, oDBcaBioiii ^ohcrbxi> b Asobcrbxii 

PyCCOBl* Bl> nepBOB nO.lOBBBt X B., rOBOpflTl> O BBVb, KaRi> o 
UtjOAfb, Be3aBMCBM0Ml> Bap04'fet 3aBBMaiOB|eMCfl BpOMblCJaMB B 

apHBbi4B0Mi> K-b Mopio. I]6i]i>-Xup4aTi> Berii, yMepmifl cTapiiKOMi» 
Bi>9l2r., acBo Bbipa3B4ca: «P)Ci*bi bsi* naeMeuB C.iaBi]Hi>)). Py- 
6pyRBHC'b B-bBepBoii oojobbuI) XIII b. caMi> BB4l>j'b^ RaK'bP)CCKie 
iieH;4y Bo.iroio b ^oaoM'b 6paTajBCb ci> BearpaMB. KoBCTaBTnu-b 

nop4»flpop04Bb]fi, B-b 3HaK0MCTBt ROTOparO Cb flSblROM-b GjaBBB- 

cRHMh Ra'#KeTCfl Be.ib3fl coMB'bBaTbCfl, nucaj'by <ito y Ma4bAp'b 40 
npMX04a Bxi* Bi> IlaBBOBiio 6bUB eoeeodbi; 04BB'b H3'b bbxi* bb- 
abiBBJicii eeeeodoio Aededieio^ orb Bero H^e b Rpaii nojy411.11> CBoe 
HasBaBie, flpBHeMi) ROBeiao Be 4ojh«bo 3a6biBaTb bm XapbROB- 
cRaro jleOeduna^ bb TaM6oBCRaro Ae6edRHH^ hto. bb ^oBy. Pycb 
yropcRaa, KapnaTCRBB Be HoiMa noBBUTbca BBcpBbje BbXIIi bXIV b.; 
eme Ma4bHpbi XIII b. Be C4HTa.iB PycBBOBb BOBoaocejeuuaMB 
H 6e3'bBMeBBbiH HoTapiii Bejbi, ROToparo nopa outBUTb bo 40- 
CToflflcTBy, npflMo Bb]pa3BJCfl Rutheni cum Almo duce in PaoDO- 
niam venerant. Hau-b RaHceTca, hto ho^kbo Be corjamaTbCB cb Ba- 
meio BBOTeaoB o PycB GRau4iiBaBCRo3, bo ynce ue.ib3>] OTBep- 
raTb 6biTB0CTB CaaBBBCRoti PycB ^0BCR0B« A30BCKOB B yroprKofi, 

KapnaTCROB, 04BBM'b CJOBOMl) M02KB0 TOJbRO Be BaX04BTb p04- 

cTBa PyccoB'b GRaB4BBaBCRBX'b CT> PyccaMB AaoRCKHMn B Kapuar- 
CKHMH, cqflTaTb TaRoe cxo4ctbo 4BCT0 c.iyMaBiibiMi>, u noroMy Be 
BH4kTb oco6oii By'«K4bj Bb TOMb ijpe4nojo>KeBiB , MTo BaBbj, nepe- 

y4. 3An. — cji. 10 



146 B. U. ^lAMABCKArO, 

cejuBiuiecfl ci» OiuuoM'b wh GKaB4HHaBiio, aaabiBaJHCb PyccaMH^; 
HO whi-h B03M0HCB0CTH 40Ra3aTk, 4T0 cjoBo Pycb o6jy^aeTi> CBoe 
4>BHCRoe DpoHCxoHC^eBie , iTo aTo IIlBe4CKoe cjoBO Rodsin — 
rpe^ubi, <iTO aTo Bocj1i4uee 6mao BaasaBieM'b co6cTBeBBbiMx eiae 

Bl> IX B., T0r4a RaKlb fl3BtCTB0, "ITO B Wh XHl B. OBO BmIjO 3Ba* 

<ieHie HapBuareabHoe ; B'bTi* BoaMOHCBocTB, roBopio, 40Ra3aTb, <ito 

CJOBO PyCb He MOr^O 6bITb CJOBOU-b GjaBflHCRBHl>, 4T0 PyCBBbl 

nepeceju^iHCb bi» yrpbi Bi* XIll a XIV b., ito dea'bBMeUBbiii Ho- 
Tapiii Eejbi uwhA^h uyHC4y yTBep3K4aTb, ^to PycHBbi bi» DaBHo- 
B\H) npHiB^H ch Ma4biipauH, RTO OBi> Mori> araib 0611 axoMi) 6e3o 
BCflROB Hy3K4bi, iTO TOJbRo BO BpeMCBa Py6pyRBHca, a He ropaa^o 
paHbuje HanajiH PyccRie Meac4y 4obomi» b Bojroio B04BTb 4py}K6y 
cb BeHrpaMH, sto KoucTaHTHHi> IIop<i»Bpopo4BbiB roBopBTb Boe- 
B04axT>, o BoeB04i •le6e4iB y Ma4bBpi> Be nojoMy, <iTo6bi obh 
4i>iicTBBTejbB0 y hhxt> 6bijiB, a noTony, <ito B3Bi>CTie o Ma4bB- 
paxi> OHX nOwiyqBwiii aai* ycTi CaasuBBBa; wbvh bo3Mohchocth« 
roBopio, 40Ka3aTb, mo Pyccbi Maccy4B, ii'bjbiS, caMo6biTBbiH ea-* 
po4'b, HCBBoiiil no 4.0Hy b AaoBCHOMy Mopio, Hapo4'b, bii cMbicj-b 

TOrO BpeHeBB npOMbimaeBHblfi, npBBbI4BblB R'b MOpfO 6b] JH 

lIlBe4bi, a ae G^aBaue, nanp. TaRie Hce, RaRi> Pycb KapnarcRaa, 
npo ROTopyio, ecJB He bcio, to npo qacTb ea, Ma4bBpb] XIll a. 
roBopB4fl — Rutheni cumAlmo duce in Panoouiam veneraut; ntTi*, 
roBopH), B03M02KH0CTM 40Ra3aTb, HTo II6Bii*Xop4arb-I>er'b paay- 
M'bji'h Baparo - PyccoBi* , a ne PyccoB'b Maccy4B, yTBep»c4aa: 
ccPyccbi Ba^b njeneHH CjaBBH'bx); h1>ti> bo3mo3Khoctb 40Ra3aTbv 4To 
aTB 4.0HCRie, A30BCRie Pyccbi ae hopjh 6biTb B3BtcTBbi ropa34o 
paHbuie X, IX B., mo aaa'ikcTie Ta6apB o Pyccax'b 0041* 642 r. 
aaRJiOsaerb bi» ce6'fe qxo to HeabpoaTHoe. 

Maccy4H roBopBTii, mo Pyccu Hapo4'b HeaaBBCBMbiii, BBROMy 
He no4iBueuubi[i, hto, B-b 912 r. oTnpaa^aacb Bii no3i04'b Ka- 
cniBCRiH, ouH BbinpocBjB €e6'b npouycRii y Xoaapi* a odtuiaJH 
BM-b 4aTb BOJOBBBy Harpa6jieBBofi 4o6biHfl. — He BB»cy BBMero 
aeaipoaTBaro bt> CBB4tTe4bCTB'6 Taoapa Pyccaxi*, b6o onacanie 
PyecoB'b Maccy4B aacTaajiaeT'b a 6e^% Toro ape4ao^o3KHTb 6biT- 
BocTb PyecoB'b 3a 40Jro 40 X, IX b. 



1. Cm. B-b lIpHJOweBiflxi*. II. 



O C^ABaHAXl* Bli MAJOB A31U, B'b AtfrPHK-fi R Bl> HCDAHIIt. 1 47 

Bbiine Mbi uaui40 secbMa BrbpoiiTiibiMb« 4to GaaBAue Pyccnie 
;ia^(uro 40 X — IX b. aojhcuu 6bMu cTpeMUTbcu ua KaDKaa-b. 
HanoMaHM-b HaBtcTin (]6iii»*Xop4iarb Bera a ueaaBtcTuaro aeTopa 
Koam CTpaai* (X b.) o C^aBaacKax'b xoproBuaxi*, xo4aBuiaxi) ob 
I16ajb H BarAa4'b, a xaKwe a CTporia BbiB04b, ocHOBauabiii ua 
B3CJt40BaaiB Ryea^ecKaxx MoaeTi» — acb aoaua Vlll 40 aas. 

XI B. BK4iOHflTe4baO HCBTe^a flbJB'felUUefi PoCCta apoU3B04UJa uo- 

CToaaao ToproBJio cb npa-KacniacRBMa Mycy^bnaacKHMa a 01 ue- 
noK«ioHBfl«]ecKBMa Baa4'feaillMa»^ 

U3p'b4Ka, ao Dona4afOTCA bi> Poccia Moaeru HcneroeACKia u 
yMe&fl4CRiA aai* k. Vll b. Ta6apB no4i> 642 r., nepe4i> ooaca- 
oieM-b 00x04a A64yppaxMaaa aa Lllapaaaaiaxa, roBopaTi* o ropu4'fa 
Xoaap'b, 4T0 aa 6epery Mopa (t. e. Kacai&cRaro). aTaMi*, opadaB- 
aaeTi* oai*, Be4yTCA xoproBbia 4'^.iax>. «Da treibt uiaa Handels- 
gescbafte. Dieses ist von alien Thoren dasgrosste und wirdThor der 
Thore' genannt. In jeoeo Stadtea webt man geslreifte wolleiie Tii- 
cher, and jenes (Thor) neoat man Derbend der Chasareu. Es falll 
(liegt) gegen Rai and Jrak.» (Ct. r. ^.opaa S. 452). 

KaKi> 6bi TO aa 6biJko^ ao C^aBBae npe»C4e, ^\my cxarb 00- 
cfemaTb dTB 3eMja KaenificRiB a KaaRaacRiii cb atjiiMa MapubiMa, 
ToproBbiMB* 40J3KBbJ 6bMB oaaaROMBTbCB Cb BBMB oyTeMii rpa6e»€a. 

B'b VI B. a ropa340 paaboae GjaBaae wa^a ,Ba 4.oay ; B'b to BpeuH 
ape4aaifl 06'b Asia 4oa»cBbi 6bMB coxpaaaTb bck) cbok) cB'tacecTb. 

CwiaBiiae b Abtm 6biaa Bapo4'b caJbBbiB, HptoRia, 0TBa}Kabiii 
a BOBBCTBeaabiS. noxo4'b ryaBOBi> bi> Majiyio Aaifo (bt» 430 r 
440 r.) Be Mori> aifb 6biTb 6e3'bB3BicTBbiM'b a 6e3i coMutuiB 

C4y3Kfl4'B 4aB aBXIb OpBM'fcpOlI'b. B'b VII B. , B DO BCeil BtpOBT- 

BocTB a paabine, C^aBBae yace cTpeMBTca aa KaBRaai*. Saaa 
4py3Ke4io6abiii oTuoioeaia ryBflOBi> Rii GjaBaaaMi*, a apaaaaBaa 
Bi» C4aBiiaax'b CTpe^iaeaie aa boctori», bi* Aaiio^ ROTopaa Bcer4a, 
BO Bcb Bpeneaa b aa Bct aapo4bi 4i>ficTB0Baja rbhti-to ocodeaao 
o6aaTejbao, aaaa aaRoaeaii yiacTie GjaBaaT* bi» pa4ax'b FyaaoB-b 
wh 4pyrBxi> DOxo4ax'b axi>, cuteuTi 4yMaTb, mo B'b poxd4'fe Tya- 
B0Bi> aa lla^yio Aaiio, G.iaBaae npaaaMaja aaaiBTeabBoe yqacrie. 

i. (It. r, FpfiropbeBa aO Ryen^. HoueT. VIII, IX, X h orqacTB VII m XJ b.^ aa* 

lOimilUX-b Bl> POCCIH H npB-fiaJTlHCKHX'b KpaflX'b , KHK'b UCTOqUBKaX-b /[ JH 4peBB. 

oreq. acTopiHi) (3an. Oa. 06m. Hct. h 4peBB. T. I. C. 159). 



148 B. B. JAMAHCKArO, 

Bbime fl npHBeji> ymQ yao'ibcTie K^aB4iaHa o6'b aTOMx noxoA'bf 
Teaepb aosBo^flio ce^t npHBecTH KpacHop'fc«iHBbifl cjoBa Cb. lepo- 
BBMa TOMi> Hce caHOMi*. Bi> oHCbut R'b IIjioAopy BejBKiii y^B- 
Te^b IXepKBB roBopBTx: ccfl paacKaabiBaio ae o 6t4CTBiaxi> ae- 
cqacTHbixi), HO o ujaTKOMi» cocTOBHiB qejoB'lk<iecTBa. IIpBX04Binb 
B'b yn^acb npB MbicjB o pasBajBuax'b namero apeaieBB. Botb yme 
4Ba4uaTb B 4aH<e 6oji^e ^trb, KaRii Me»c4y KoucTaBTBBoao Jen's 

B K)ji&CKBMB AjbOaMB e3Ke4BeBBO apOJBBaeTCll PBMCRafl RpOBb. 

CKBeiiO, GpaKiio, MaRe40HiK), 4dp4aHifO, 4.aRiiO, OeccajOBBRy, 
Axaiio, dnBp-b, ^ajiMaaiio b bck) IlaBBOBiiO — FotI), GapMarb, 
KBa4'b, AaaB-b, FyHflbi, BaB4a4bi, HapROMaBUbi rpadaTi), psyrb, 

paaopfliOT'b. CROJbKO HCeamBB'b, CROJbRO 4'ibB'b9 CROJbRO BeJB- 

KBxi> B 64aropo4Bbixi» juHBocteH 6bi4B upe4MeToii'L uocwtamn 
aTBxi> 3BtpeB? EnBCRoobi yBe4eBbi bi» n^'fanb, apecBBTepbi a 
4pyriii 4yxoBab]fl aaaa yiiepmBjieBbi. UepRBB paapyuieabi, y 
a^rapeH XpMCTOBbixi> noBa4i4aBbi RORioinBB, b3t> aeMaa BbipbiTbi 
MouiB My<ieaBKOBi>, BCi04y rope, Bci04y aja^b, Be34'is o6pa3i> 
cMepTB. PBMCRiii Mipi» pyniBTCfl, 04BaRo Bbm aama ae crB6aeTca. 
KaK(»Bi>, 4yMaemb, 4yxT> Tenepb H KopaaeHaax'b, AeaBnaax-b, 
•IaKe4eM0Baaxii, ApRa4aaxi», a bo Bceii Fpeaia, va^ Bci04y Bbia'b 
BOBe^taaiorb aapBapu? b, Roaeqao, n yaoMflayj'b o aeMaorax'b 
ropo4axi>, r4t BtRor4a 6bMB ae aeaaaqBTejbabiii aapcTsa. Boc- 
T0Ki>, Raaa^ocb, B36aBBJCH otx axaxi* 6t4CTBiB, 40 aero 4oxo4B4b 
T04bRo cTpaiaabia BtcTB. Ho boti> bi> npoaiaoM'b ro4y cb Bbico- 
KBX'b ropi> KaBRaaa aanycTB^acb Ba aacb yace ae ApaBiiicRie, a 
cteepabie bojrb b bi> KopoTRoe Bpeaia onycToniBja uaoro o64ac- 
Te&. CROJbKO MouacTbjpeii 6biJ0 b3bto? CRoabKO pi>Ri> aaMyTB- 
.locb HeaoB'i^secRoio RpoBbio? ocaw4eBa Aarioxia a 4pyrie ropo4a, 
opomaeMbie rajBC0Mi>, KB4fiOM'b, OpoBTOMi) b EB4»paT0]iiT>: ysje* 
Meabi TOJDbi B4iaBBR0Bi>. Apaaia, 4^BaBRia, IlajecTaaa, Eraaerb 
nopa>Keabi CTpaxoMi>. Majo Mat era a3biR0Bi>, era ycT-b, Hcej'fca- 
aaro roaoca. HaRoaem> a B'b BB4y BM'fej'b ae BCTopiio nacaTb, a 

T04bR0 BRpaTIlt OBjaRBTb Bauifl 6t4CTBia» ^ 

B'b 4pyroAi'b HBCbMt R'b Oaeaay, TaRi» roBoparb Cb. lepoaan-b 



1. Diri Hieronymi Stridon. Epistolae selecUe et in libr. tres distribaUe opera 
D. Petri Canisii. Neapoli. MDCCLXXIII. Kb. II. Bp. XXil. pag. 396—397. 



X 

C^ABflHAXl> B-b MAJOfi A31II, BX A4>PHK'B B Bl> UGOAUIU. I 49 

o6i» aroMTi 00x04*6 TyHHOBx: aBoTi» Buedanuo npoMsajacb BtcTb 
a coAporeyjcfl BOCTOK'b, o tomt», ^to ct» 6eperoBi» MeoTiBCRaro 
Mopa, ci> npocTpancTBa memAy JloHOMb h MaccareraMii, ci> rop-b 
KaBRa3CRBXi»y vA'i CTiua AjeRcaujpoBa y4epH€HBaeT'b 4BKie ua- 

p04bl, apopBajBCb n044Biaa ^yBHOB^, <lT06bl Ha CB0BX1> KOUHX'b 

npOHecTB aoBci04y caiepTb a yacacb. Bi to Bpeufl ue 6bivio raMb 
PaiicRaro BoacRa, 6biBuiaro Tor4a bii HTajia do cjyqaio yco6im'b. 
JSjBi B36aBBT'b Bor'b PaucRia uip-b Bape4b oti> TaRaxb SBlpefi. Qua 

BCI04y flBJBJBCb He0»CH4aHH0, B, npe4yupe3K4aii MOJBy 6blCTpO- 

TOK), Me uia4BJB HB B'kpbi, HB dBaHiii, UB Bospac'ia, ae HcajiuB 
Mja4eaaeBi>. Y^iBpaaB xi, ROTopbie e4Ba aa^maaaB acBTb a, ue 
B'fe4aa cBoero aecqacTia, yjbi6aJBCb bt* pynax'b a ao4'b CTpljaMB 
aenpiATeja. Bbua Bceo6ma4 MOJBa, ito obb, yB^eaaeMbie cbobmi* 
RopbicTojio6ieMi>, nofi4yTB ri* lepyeajauy. Orb 40Jraro MBpa 
6hi4B apeaedpeaceubi yKptojeaifl: AiitIoxIh ocaH<4ajacb. 4,peBuiii 
Tap'b, sKeaan OTopBaTbCA oti» aeiiJB, acRaji* ocTpoBa»V 

rpy6ocTb a acecTOkocTb araxi* FyaaoB's ae MoryTi* hb bi> 
saKOMb (Myiat cjyacBTb onpoBepaceaieMii BtpaocTB ope4no.io3Ke- 
aia, ITO Bi) pAAax-b BXb npBUBMa.iB saaqBTejibaoe y«iacTie G^a* 
Baue. GTOBTb TO jbRo 4 Jfl axoro BcaoMHBTb cjosa IIpoRoaifl ipa- 
deacaxi* a ooycTouiBTeJbBbix'b aadtraxi* GjaBAai> bii BocTosuoii 
HuoepiB, Bi» HjaBpiu, OpaRia. 

EcTb ocaoBauie 4yMaTb, hto GaaBaae, aaiiBuiie aocejeaia ua 
4oHy Bo II B. no P. X« (ELiauifi a IlTo.ieMe&) a 4aaKe ropa34o 
paubuie (CRaH4. npe4. o6i» 04Ba'b)9 Mor^a opouBRaTb bi* Majyio 
Asiio a 3a 40wiro 40 ryaBOBi»; a6o, qoBTopflio, bi* CjaBflaaxi 
Toro BpeMCBB Bejb3A ue apBaaaBaTb bb OTBara, ub y4ajiB, ua 
ape4npiBM<iBB0CTB, aa CBtacecTB Bapo4abix'b npe4aaiK a bocdomb- 
uauia o6i> Asia a BocTOR'ik, ub cTpeMjeaia b TaroTtaia Rii ueMy, 
CJ'fc40BaTe4bao aa noctmeaie Ma^ofl Asia y GjaBflai* norja 6b]Tb 
oxoTa; ao 6bua jb Ba'^niaafl, orb uax'b ae aaBacfeBoiaii , bosmohc- 
HocTb y40BjeTBopaTb ee, aabiMB cjoBaua — SbMi* jb 40CTaT04uo 
CBo6o4eu'b oyTb? 

G^iaBaae tkbaia aa noarb^ iieHC4y 4.H'ibnpoM'B a 4.atcTpoMi>, y 
ycTbeBi> ^yuaa ue TOjbRo bi» VI, IV a HI b., ho uo Bcefi BipOAT- 



1. Taa-b xe, I. Ill, ep. X, p. 566—567. 



s 



150 B. H. JAMAHGKAro, 

aocTH y paBbine. FoTbi, 6e3i> coMHlHia T'bcBiiMbie CjasflHaiiH , 
DocejHJBCb MeTKAy ^H'fecTpou'b H ^.H'lbapoM'fc, Ha HepuoBfopk-fe, 
oROJio 1,82 — 215 r. OTCio^a ohb jifbjiaJin uad-ferB ea PHMCKyio 
HMaepiK). 

Mbl Bbime BH4'fcjH, RTO 3Rafl CBHil'lTeJLbCTBO DpOROnill O 3KH- 

jHiuaxii Ahtobii b o6paiuafl. ea 4peBBee CRaHiiBHaBCRoe npe4aHie 
o6i> 04BH'by ero coacBTe^bCTB'fc cii BaaaMB, oT-b robxi» ^oh^ 
(Taoaquisl) ao4yHB4'b CBoe HaasaBie, to BBBMaBie, RaRoe oho no 
BCTHH-ib 3ae.iy}KHBaeTi>9 He^bsa a bi> II^BBieBCKflxi* Serbi b bi> 
IlTo.ieMeeBCRBXi> 2tppoe, "ito aa ^oay, ae npaaaaBarb B'ibTBa Cja- 
BAHCROH. FoTbi 0Bja4t4B BOTOM'b no6epeHCbeMi» Me»c4y 4.Btnpoin» 
B 4.oaoMT>, TaBpHiecRBM'b nojyocTpoBOMi) , KBMMepiScRiFMi> Boc- 
(t^opoMi*, aaxBaTBJB Ti^afb Ropa6jiB a uopHROB'b-TyaeimeB'b, Dpe4- 
opBBBMajB 0TTy4a onycToaiBTeabHbie noxo4bi aa Ma^yto Aaiio, 
OK. 253 9 264, 289 r. 6pa4B Tpane3ouTi>, Xa4Re40Bii, Hhromb- 
4110, HaKeio, Epyccy, Kiocb, Anaiieio a np. — TaRie noxo4bi ae 

M0r4B 6blTb HeB3B'fccTHb1 CiaBflHaM-b B He DOCJyHCBTb 44n aBXT> 

npHMtpoMT*. HaRoaeqi) BecbMa BipoATHO 4a»ce, mo bi» »tbxi» no- 
xo4axi> FoTOBii, GjaBflHe caMB apaaaMajB He Ma.io3Ha<iBTe4baoe 
yqacxie. — 34i€b no3B04iO €65^ aaaftTBTb, mo e4Ba 4b ae aecbMa 
H<ejaTe4bao aoaB^eaie aa PyecROMi* H^^iRli no4po6aofi Moaorpa- 

OIH O Cy4b6i MepU0M0pCKBXT» FoTOBli. 

04HH'B, »<BBa B'b TaKBxii 64B3KBX'b cHouieaiflX'b cb BaaaMH, 



1. IIIa«apnRi> necoMB^HBO ^oxaaaj'b, <ito Hltiiiiu, Banasinie aa IlaRHOBiio ■ 

4aRiio (165—169) 6ujh BUTtcaeflu ci> EajiTittcKaro noOepeatbH CjaBJiEiaiiR, Beue- 

4a»iB. TaK-b BaAO noBHMaTii superiores barbari (Barbareo nordlicher Striche, xarb 

nepe^aer-fc MaBuepn) bi> cji'b4. M'bcrb IOjiii RadHTOJHBa — Yictovalis et Marcomaniiis 

cuncla turbantibus, aliis etiam gentibas, quae puhae a tuperioribus Barbaris fuge- 

rant, nisi recipereolur, bellum infereotibas. A Taaarb bbkofo (Soj'be, KaKi* CiaBna'b 

paajMlij'L, roBopA: qnicquid inter Peuctnot Fennosque silTarum ac mootioni erigi- 

tur, lalrociniis pererranL BeaapHCTpacTBue HtMeaRie y<ieuue ^yiiaiorb tohbo 

TaKii me. ina4»apHR'b yRasbiBaeri* aa cA^Aytomia cjova Fayna: crSebr wabrscheinlich 

haben die Tielen Ziige der ostlichen Volker Germaniens, Ton denen die Gescbiehle 

naraeotlicb seit dera 2 J afar b. weisa, mit Bewegungen anderer ostlicben, baiiplsacblicb 

ilawiscken Volker in Verbindnng gestanden. Gewiss ist man o(l Tiel zu geneigt, die 

Ursache grosser V6lkerziige bloss im Wanderungstriebe zu sucben; meist wirken 

aiicli aiifsore MotiTe mit, ja diese pflegeii die starksten zu sein. Gaupp. Gesch. d. 

ThiJr. S. 46. 



O C^ABAHAXl) Bl> MAAOH A31il, Bl> A<t»PyK'B U Bl> UGI1AH1H. 151 

Ba .^OHy, p'bxt GjaBHHCKO&, npoc«iaBaj^ ce6fl BoSuaniii ue tojeko 
aa cymt, uo b ua MOp'fc. 

Upo40Tiy aocfemaBiniiS FpeHecRifl KoaoHiii Ha HepHomopht, 
coxpauaji> uaMi* jlio6onbiTUbifl aafiicTia o Uespax-b^ Eyitunaxb, 
GuaBflucKoe DpoBCxo}K4euie rohx'b Kaacerca oKouqare^bUo 40Ka- 
aaoo HeaadBeHUbiMii Qla^apBROMii. H^BaBma By4BH0Bi>, ao ero 
ocBOBaTeJkBbiMTi coo6paaKeBiAMi>, 40J}KHbi obiJB aemaTb Bb Bo- 
abiBB B Etjopycciy. (lpo40Ti> roBopBTb, 4to Bb seM^'b By4BHUB'b 
6bMi» 40B0wibH0 odiDBpflbifl, B3'b 4epeBa BbiCTpoeHUbiii ropo4'b. 
aBi) ueu-b uaxo4BJBCb xpaMbi doroB'b rpe<iecKBxi> qo cnocooy Fpe- 
MecKOMy yKpauieHHbie H40jaMB, sKepiBeuBBKaMB b 6o»cuBuaMB 
('EXXTfjvt)cc3v iecSv ?pa *EXXTfivtx(3v kateaxeTiaaineva a^aXpiaat re 
)eal ^opicrac xac vTjorac ^uXcvoeae). H60 FejoHbi (caMbiii ropo4'b B'b 

ZeMAli Ey4BU0B'B HaSblBajCfl r&XG)v6^) B34peBJe 6blJB EjUBHaMB; 

HO Bbiii4a H3ii ToproBbixii M-bcrii, noce^BJBCL Me»;4y By4HuaMB; 
OHB roBopHTi> sacTbK) DO CKBecKB, *iacTi|io no PpenecKB. -^ By- 
4UHbi He cxo4Hbi cbFejouauB hb ji3biR0Mi», HB odpaaoMx HfHauH: 
h6o By4HHbi« RaRi> xyaejimbi, Hapo4'b aacTymecRia b yooiped- 

.lfllOTl» Bl> OBIUy ejOBblM inBlDRB. FcJOHbl HxC, aaUHMBflCb seMjie- 

A'hJiieM'h, oBTaioTCfl xjldom-b, b B^a4'fciorb ca4aMB, b ^e qoxoskb 
Ha HBxi> UB BH40Mi>, HB uBtToM-b: HecnpaBe4^iHB0 FpeRH uasbi- 
BaioTib By4BH0Bii Fe.iouaMB». 

IJla<t»apBR'b, 00 MoeMy RpaiiueHy paayMtuiio, aecbaia ocBoaa- 
Te.ibHo aaMtTHjfb: aHro RacaertA BSBbcTia I1pu40Ta 3eM4e4t^iiB 

B Ca40804CTBk Fe.l0U0Bl>, TO HeBtpoaTHO, <iT06bJ OHO OTUOCBJOCb 

Ri> 04UHMib TOJbRo FejoHaMi>. Bt4b caMi> 7He 0Hi> Bbime roBopBTi>, 
STO FpeKB TaRH<e b ByiiBHOBi> BasbiBajB Fe^ioHaMH? A aoTomy 
-terRo Mor«io c^yiBTbca, <ito, apa TaRoS Heonpe4'iiJeHHOCTB aasBa- 
uiii, TO, 4T0 iipBua4^ie#HaJ0 By4HHaBi'b, BCRJfoqaTejbHo othocbjb 
iTb Fe.ioHBM'b. By4BHbi, Hapo4i> Be4BRifi a MUorojii04Hbiti, no paa- 
.iB<iiio aeMejb, aaHMMaeiubix'b bmb, bcjb a paaebiB o6pa3i> hcbshb: 
TyTi> aaHBMa^HCb aeMje4tjieMi>f a TaMi> crotobo4ctboai'b. Boo6uie 
cKaaaBie npoBcxo»c4eBia BC'fex'b Fcjohob^ oti> FpeROBi* aecbMa 
no403paTejibuo. 0<ieHb BoaMOHcao a 4a3Ke Becbuia B'^poaxHO, mo 
FejOHbi — 6bkiH oco6eHuafl BiiTBb By4BH0Bi>, bii raaBHOM'b ro- 
po4'ib ROBXi) opoHCBBajiB FpeHOCRie RynubD). 

OqeHb B'bpoaTHo, hto GjaaaHe, Bcer4a BoenpiBMiBBbie, MHoroe 



152 B. H. ^AMAHCKArO, 

nepeHBMajH oti> rejouoBi>, ba^ oti> rpeiecKiixi) aocejeeiieBi. 
DpHDOMUHM'b Tenepb FpeHecRifl rojohIh ua HepHOMopbi, exi* 
6e3DpepbiBHbifl cHomeHiii cb M. AaieiOy BecbMa o6inHpuyio, 4^11 
Toro Bpe&ieHH, xoproB^iio aaTapeMii, sfixaMB b Xdit6oMi>, apona- 
B04BBa]yK)Cfl ^iepesi) djB acMjn, a mu e^sa jb aocTyaHUb ue- 
ocuoBaTe.ibBo, ecjB p'feuiBTe^buo OTRanceMca ott* onpe4'ikjeBiA 
BpeMeaa, Kor4a GjaBaae EBponeScRie snepBue CTaja oocbiaaTb 
Majyio Aaiio? 

/ 
HL* IIo CBB4tTejbCTBy Hpo40Ta, GRBjaRca^ a 4p., bi> qacji 

ropo40B^ BT> BaeauiB 6biaB Me}K4y apoqBMi> Eto^ (iq). Bi* 4peB- 

HOCTH pasHo odbacnajB dTO aasBauie: 04hb roBopajB, 4T0 Eto^ 

6bKio BMn o4Horo aai) cayTHHROBi> HpaR^a, ROTopuH a ocaoBaa-b 

dTOTT> ropo4'b; 4pyrie, iToMBjaTiibi ocuoBaja R04ouiio a aaaaaja 

ee Ke'og^ Tperba, 4to ee ocHOBa.4i> IIojH4»eMi>. KaRi> 6hi to ub 

6bKio, HCMTejB ea uaahiaajiBCb Kcravot. — t. e. KtRne. 

HejbSfl He aamfiTaTb, <ito /Tteoe aaBicTea-b ne 04HBM'b Cjaaa- 
uaMi> PyccRBMb; <ito 4peBHee Hapo4Boe npe4aHie npaaHCbiBaerb 
ocuoBaaie aauiero Kieea MneHHecROMy /um), coBepiuaBmeiiy at- 
Ror4a RaRoe-To cxpaHHoe n^TeiuecTsie; 4T0 oopMa Kieep TpedyeTi 
npa ce6t — oopMy KiesARHe; ,hto B'b 4peBHe-PyccR(Hi'b aauRt 
nocToaauo ynoTpeo^aeTca <i>opMa Kinney yRaauBaiomaii C06010 aa 
/Ttft, ae Rieen a coBepiueaao oTBtsaiomaA PpeqecROidy Kiavoc. 

4pyrofi iopo4i> Bi> Baeuaia, aa aaaBaaie ROToparo a aaMt- 
peai* Tenepb o6paTaTb saaMaaie HaTaTe.ia, aaabiBajca Ac^uaaa 
(I1j}'t. Il^uaiii)^, a y IlTOJeMea At^to:aa. Hejbaa ae aaM^fcraTb, 
4T0 RaK'b Ropeab, TaRi» a oRousaaie dToro cjoaa. — CaaBHUCRia: 

KoiieMBO c\04CTBo co6cTBeaabixi> BMeai* 6biBaeT b 04eab 4acio 
cjy4aBao; 04aaRo aejbaa ae o6paTaTb BaaMaaia aa tu, 4To rop. 
Ae'^uo'O'a jeHcaTT* B'b aecbMa d^aaROMi) paacToaaia^ ua boctori:, 



1. Forbiger Uandb. d. alten Geogr. II, 382. 

2. Id. II. S. 389. 

3. Cm. Monamenta Serbica ed. Fr. IBiklosich. Vienna. 1858: croy JboSemt no- 
TOKb. Jiio6evib noTOKOMbM (p. 73} ; aaa 4oyAoBBHKb cTojAeamb 03 up'feKoy u'fecTojr 40 
vojxe Jmffoytue u oy njaHBHoy» (p. 92). Cps. HeuiCKiji ntcTHbiji uHeiia: Libot^JJbynii, 
LibauiL, It 6 tin, Libet, Ubtica, Libii Luboiin h npoH. 



O CJABHBAXl. Bl> MAJOfi A31H, Bl> A<I»PHK« B B'B BCDAUIU. 153 

on> HHR0MH4iH, a rop. Eto^ oti« HHRen, t. e. BueaHo bi> t^xi* 
Mtcrax-B, r4'fc 6bUH oocejeHiH G^aBBucKiii ae torero bi> nepio4i> 
XVII — XIX B., HO H ropa340 paubuie, aanp. bi VII, VIII h bi^ 
cjiiiiyfomie B-feRa. Hejbafl 3a6biBaTb, hto npeADOJOHceaie Qla<i>apuRa 

T01ll>, HTO OT^'fe.IbBblfl GjaBAHCRlA B'ibTBH MOF^H »CHTb Ba 3a6a4- 

KaHCROMi» DOjyocTpoBi B34peB4e Bie3K4y OpaRiHiiaMB b Ke^bTaua, 
'BecbMa aipoBTHo; «ito B'ibT'B BBRaRoii bo3uo»€HOCTb jRasaTb aa 
Bpeua., Ror4a 6hi C^aBBae ae MorjB BoctiuaTb M. Asia. He^bsa 
HaKoaem> ae BcaoMaaTb apa ceMi>y ito RpaTRoe »cBTie cb. Kjb- 
Meara, aa rpe<iecRoiiiT> B3biRt, aafi4eaBoe aoiTeaabiMi* G^aBBBB- 
cTOHi» aaaiBM-b B. H. rparopoBaqeMi*, bi> o4aoii FpeqecRoS pjRo- 
aucB XIII B. B'b 0xpH4'fe, HTO HCBTie dTo aaHBBaeTCA cjik4yiomBiifl 
cjobbmb: «c27 Iiobb, aaMATb aace bo cBaTbixi> oTiia aamero apxie- 
papxa a <iy40TBopua K.iBMeaTa, eaacRoaa Byjrapia bi> 0xpB4t. 
3rorh BeaaRia 0Tem> aaiui* a cb'^tb^o Byjrapia apoBCX04Bjii no 
cBoeay poac4eaiiO orb EspoaeficRaxb Mfl30Bi>, ROTopuxib 6ojb-» 
DiBHCTBo aaabiBaeTi EyjrapaMB. H'feRor4a pyKoio a BjacTbio Ajie- 
KcaH4pa CT» OjBMaa, hto noAJi^ Bpyccbi, oaa 6bija OTRaaytbi ri» 
CtBepaouy oReaay a MepTBouy uopio,. aoTOMi», Hepe3i> 40BOJbao 
apo4o^3KaTe.ibBoe apeMii, BOopyaceaBOio ca^oio oaa nepeuiaa 
HcTp-b (^yaaii) a saaB-ia act coc']b4a]fl aesMa, IlaBBoaiio a ^aj- 
aauiio, GpaRiio a H^japaR'b a 6ojbuiyi6 nacTb MaRe4oaiB a 6ec- 
cajioB. ffBoTii orb aBxi»-To a npoaaomeai* dTOTi> cBAToii iiy3K'b\ 
H npoH.». 

CMtio 4yuaTby HTO aTO RpaTRoe acaTie cb. KjBMeaTa aanaca- 
Ho, TBRHce RaRii B 4pyroe, no4po6Boe ae FpeROMx, a Boarapa- 
HOMii. FpeRy ae Morjio 6biTb 6e3i>a3B'fecTBO, hto bi> Hj^apaK^ 
H Bi ^ajiiaiiia Eojrap'b ae 6bi4o; euie ueaie Morao 6biTb dTO 
HeB3B'fccTUbiiiii> Bo.irapBBy ; ao b3i> aapo4aaro9 aaTpioTanecRaro 
HyBCTBa Bojrapaai> Mor-b yTBepac4aTb, hto a BajapaRii a ^aaua- 



1. TIpHBOxy Do;iJHBHHk"b: OuToc (A^Yttc icttTinp ^(XCDV xsi rvjc BouXYapiac 
9<i>oriJp T3 fjiev y£vo; elXxev ix tcov EupcoicaifiAv Muocov, ou< xal BouXyapou^ o icoXGc 
o*dev avSp(i)7co<, naXat fiev 2x to\J xara Opouoav 'OXufiiiou npcc tov popciov cdxeavov 
xai TiQ¥ vexpav :^aXaooav uiro tti? ^Xejav^pou x^tpo? ^^^^ l£ouoia« IxToicto^evTwv, 
\LtTai di ouxvcov xpottii^ 7rapadpo(JLiQv duvafiei papeia tov ^lorpov icepaiiD^iVTCOV xotl 
Ti yeiToveuovTa icavxa xX-ripcooaixevcov, Elavvoviav xal AaXH.art(xv, 6paxT)V xal 'iXXu- 
pixov xal icoXXa Tvii Iffaxcaovia^ xal 6eTTaXia(. 



154 B. B. JAMAHCKArO, 

aiA H IlaHHOHiji Hacejieau 6bUH ero ope^Raufl, Torjia Rarb PpeKy 
ue 6buo 9T0 HH ci» KaROH CTaTH. Bi» cjoBaxii ocoTeai* Hami, cB'fe-* 
TBJO Bojrapiii», — 6 ^£'^04 Tcarrjp iqpiQv xal ttj^ BcuXyAp^'^x^ 
9Ci)0'Ty]p — cKopbe BviAkH% Bo^rapRHi!, «]tMi» Fpeicb; co<iiiHiiTe«ib 
Becbua xopomo aepe4aeT'B CaaBauc^ifl Hueaa Hayua, FopaaAa; 
npB HMeuu «l0Xfl04a ae nponycRaeTi> cjyqaA aasitTUTb, hto y Mh- 
aoB'b T. e. Bojrapi» ohi» aoBeTca 0.\pH40io -— Tcspt ti]v Au^vtSov 
'IXXuptov TCoXtv, Tc5v TC6pt§ TcoXeov ouaav jnjTpoKoXtv, tJ vuv Ax'pt^ 
xaxa TT)v MucrcSv ovo|jiOb^8 rai YXuaaav; <ito Ke4»a jaaiii no-BojrapcKH 
aaabiBaetc/i TjiaBHaHiia — xai ttv Ke^aXTjvcav (i.sTQvoitao'^&ro'av 
. Tij] BouXYapGw 9Ci)V'{} FXa^ivcx^av. Baacy CjasHBaua, BojirapHua, a 
ae FpeRa, Kor4a coHaaHxaib roBopRTii, hto cb. KjaMeariif npif- 
po4abiii Boarapuaii , ocraBHj'b no ce6'fa B'b 0:ipH4'fe cBumeaebiA 
Kaara cBoero coqaaeaiii, ROTopbm yaaHcaioTCA Bctmi Hapo40M'b, 
He Meabme^ HtMi* 6oro4yxaoBeBabia cRpa^aja MoHcen. BH4'ibHi> 
ST* coHaaBTeaii apBpo4Hbifi Bo4rapflBi>, a ae FpeKi*, Ror4a roao- 
puT-b oai» o Maxafljiiy aapi BajrapcROMii, o ero yCatxaxi B^ 
4o6po4'feTejiB , o6i» ycoBepineacTBOBaaiB KjAMeaxoMi* a36yKB Kb- 

pBdIJOBCROfi, fl op. 

H TaKi» B KpaTKoe »CBTi» CB. KjBueaTa aaaaeaao npBpo4Bbiux 
BojrapaaoM'b. — * 06pamaeMcii Hce Ri* atony Bo^rapcKoaiyt C^a- 
BBHCKOMy cBB4'fcTewibCTBy, CKaaaBiio o TOMi», HTO a'feKor4a, 4aBHOy 
Kor4a*TO, 40 A4eRcaB4pa Be^iBRaro, hcbjb CjaBaae y Ojauna, 
ao44t Bpyccbi, t. e. bi> BueHaiay bi» H. Asia; hto oTTy4a C^a- 
Baae 6bMa nporaaTU A«ieRcaa4poM'b BejBKBM'B a y4a4MjiBCb ki» 
C-faBepaoMy OReaay a MepTBOMy Mopio, — oojiaraTb Ra40, hto 
coHuaaTcib paayM^a^ 34tcb EajiTiiicRoe b H'fcMeaKoe Mope; — 
hto oocat 9Toro, Hepeaii 40B0JbH0 apo40J3KBTeJbaoe Bpeaia, Gja- 
BHae aepeni.4B JlyaaA^ aac&XBja OpaRiio, HjJBpBRi>, ^a^Mauiio, 
6ojbuiyio HaoTb lVlaRe4oaiB a Oeccajia. — - ConaaBTedib aToro hcb- 
Tifl xcBji» BBRaRii 86 no3Hce XIII fl 4aHce XII b., a acero a-fepoAT- 
ate B'b XI BJB Bi> R. X a.: bb4ho, hto act Dpe4aaia a BocnoMa- 
aaaia o ca. K^BMeaT'fe 6biJB bt» ero apeMa eme aecbMa cBbsKO. — 
KaKii 6bi TO aa 6bi«io, Bojirapaanb ae TOJbRO X — XI a., ao r 
XIII a XII B., ae uor'b ae aaaTb o aocejeaiaxii CiaBaacKax^, B0.1- 
rapcRBXii, eMy coBpeMeaabix^, bi» M. Aaia; eme jyHme Roaenao 
Mori> aaaTb oai* a ae 00 RaaraMi*, a 00 sKaabiiiii aapo4abiMii ape- 



O CJABflBAXl> B-b MAJofi A311I, Bl> A<»PBR'B H Bl> HCOAHIB. 155 

AaHianTif o aepexoA'h CjaBJiBT» nepedrh ^ynafl b o nocejeBiAX'b^ jsxt 
BO OpaKiB , MaRe40BiB b t. 4* '— Co<iflBBTejib bb oTKy^a Be Monb 

Bbl<lBTaTb O TOM'B, <1T0 fl'bR0r4a C^aSBBe HCBJfl B'b M. .A^ifl, ^TO 

AjeKcaB^pi) MaKe40BCRifi bxi> Bbiraaj-b 0TTy4a. Bbi4yMbiBaTb Hce 
caMOMy eMy Be 6hijio BBHaRoe flyxc4bi. — BeaycjiOBBO me yraep- 
HC4aTb« mo CjaBHBe Bo^rapcRie B'b X -^ XII b. Be Mor^iB Butrb 
BHRaRBXii npe4aBiJi bjb paacRaaoBi* Bapo4BbJX'b oS'b A.ieRcaB4p'fc 
MaRe40BCR0Ai'b, 6biJo 6bi, Mfl'b RaHcercA, cjibuiromtv csffejio. 

BbuyMbiBaTb Hce co*iBBaTewiio a'fejiyio cRaany o rowh^ htoCjibl" 

BBBe HCBJfl R0r4a-T0 B'b M. AaiB, p'fcuiBTeJIbBO Be 6bl«I0 BBRaROfi 

BynRAhi. KanceTCfl, ropa340 ocfloBaTe.ibB*fee Qpe4D0JaraTb, <ito to 
5bj.io o6ntee MBtaie, pacBpocTpaaeBBoe Me}K4y GjaBHB'b 3a4yBati- 
CKuxii, ROTopbie 6biTb MOBceTii B BOTOMy TdRii Bcer4a CTpeMB^iacb 
BTh M. Aaiio. 

Mto Hce RacaeTCA 40 caoB'b coHBBBTe^a : y Ojanna 6jB3'b 
Bpyccbi, TO OBB B'bpoflTBo BpBHa4^e3KaTi» eny jb<ibo; bmb oB'b 

XOTt^-b TOjIbRO 6jBHfie 0Bpe4'b*IBT1> BpeHCBin HCB^Bma C^aBHB'b ^ 

Ha ocBOBaBiB Bpe4J0HceBBbix'b coodpaHceBiH CM'JbeM'b 4yiiaTb, *1T0 
3T0 iftcTO aKBTia CB. KdBMeBTB sacjiyxcBBaeT-b BCdiHRaro BflBMaBia 
H BH^erb BbicoRyio BaxcaocTb. Ecmb Be ofliB6aiocb, Be^BRifi aaa- 
TOR-b CjaBHUCTBa IIIa<i»apaR'b 4yiiaj'b b o6> aTOiii> MkcTt, Ror4a 
BepeBeqaTbiBaa aro sKHTie^ CRaaaj-b, *ito B'bROTopbia MtcTa BM'biorb 
BejBRyio BCTopB<iecHyio BBHCBOCTb; -— (pro svou nevSednost a 
vzacoost, — oem^Be oekter^ch mist velikou v historii dolezitosi). 
MtcTo 9T0, ec4H CBpaBe4>iBBo ooBBMaeiirb ero« 4aerb c.A'b4yio«- 
luee BecoMB'i^BBoe BO^OHceBie: CjaBflae EojrapcRie bi>XI*— XIIb., 
6biJB y6'fe?K4eBbi, hto B'feRor4a flpe4RB bxii »cb4b B-bM. AaJB, ^to 
TaKBATb o6pa30Mnbt BocejieBia HX'b B'b M* AaiB B'b YII — VIII b. n 
Boca'69 6b]JB B^ BepBbia nocejeaia. TaRoe Bapo4Boe y6'ib9K4eBi& aa- 
CjiyHCBBaeTii BBBiiaHia T'feM'b 6oji'be, *ito ropo4a Kto^, ch xcBTejifl- 
MB Kcavol B Atj^uo-cra — .lerRO MoryTii BcaKaro npaaecTB R'b flpe4- 
Bo^iOHceBiio o TOMv; 9T0 CjaBflflCRifl Bocejieaifl bi» M. Aaia dbiJiB 
na4peB^e. a04BaR0, ecjadbi CjaBaae hcbjb B'bBecbHa 0T4aJeflB0e 

1. 06o3HaHeBie xe u^feCTBocTH, xiuHm'b 08880% B'b M. Aaie y OjBHna, no4J^ 
Rp3 ecu, Kouenoo KBHwaoe, TaK-b 9ce KaK-b y Hecropa bt* ero M^crh 06-b UdAupuvb, 
y BoryxBaja — o IlaiiiiOBiH 04BaKO renepb Bcfeim npH3Bauo, qro btb 4Ba nocatABin 
cBHA'bTejbCTia — rojiocb BapoAsaro npe4aBiji. 



156 B. B. JAMAHCKAlOi 

BpeMa BT» M. Asia, to obh ee mofjh HC^eanyTb coeepioeBUo h3^ 
BB4y» fl6o cTpaua ara jexcaaa ai* aeBxpi TorAamBaro ofipaaoBas- 
Baro Mipa, b Bapo4aocTB, ea BacejaBmia, 6bUB aaBicTflbi Fpe- 
RaM'b?»i 

Bo3paac6uie 9T0 secbMa ocBOBare^bBo; bo spexc^e nliwh p'taao 
fl CMtwio yTBepHC4aTb, HTo Kto^y Kiavol^ Ac^vao-a — ape^cTaB- 
«iaiOTi» "iBCTO cjy^afiBoe cxo4ctbo ci» cjob. KmU^ Kbinne^ .ijo- 
6yma ; ito ace apuBe^eBBoe BaMa iitcTo ua-b acHTia. ca. K^iHiieB* 
Ta — oycTaa 6acBa9 BpoB3Be4eBie 4ocyxcefi b xaacTJABoii <fraBTa- 
aia eoHflBBTeja; hto BbiB04'b« oo^yqeBBuii aaMB bj'b coofipaace- 
Bia dTBX-b BaasaBiS, b BbiB04i>« aowiy*ieBBbiti BaMfl bst* coo6pa- 
Hceaifi cjOBii xcaaBeonacarejia cb. KjaMeara, BM'fcioTi> cxo4ctbo 
cjynafiBoe ace; «ito aa^eaie G.iaBaacRBX'b nocejeaift bi» M. Aaia 
B'b YII — VIII B.y Bi T'fex'b caMbixii M'&CTaxi>« TA^ 6bUfl ropo4a 
Kto^, Aej^uaaa, r4t, bo cBfl4'fcTejbCTBy SKBaBeoBBcaxeja cb. K4b- 
MeBTa« 4aBBo Ror4a-To, bi* c'fc4oii 4peBB0CTB HCBJfl Cjaaaae, ^to 
TaKoe aaaeaie Toace aaqTO 6o4te» aaK-b nacTaa cdyqafiaocTb: Bpe- 
3K4e, qtifb CTBTb p'feaRo TOJiROBaTb o TaRBXii cjyqaBBocTax-b a 
ocTBB^aTb Bxi* 6e3i> BBBMaBia, RBRi* TaROBbia, aejbaa 3a6biBaTb, 
HTO B'b I]a«i»jaroBiB , 4pyroa, BorpaaaMBofi BaeaBia, M. Aai&cRoB 
o6jacTa, Baxo4ajiacb MtcTBocTb D04'b Ba3BaBieMT> ZaY<>>po^' — Q^ 
CBa4tTedibCTBy MapKiaaa; Zay^^?^ — ^^ IlTOjioMeEo; Zacoria — 
no DeBTaarepoBoB aaprt; Za^opa — BoAppiaay — T.e. datopa, 
onaTb HBCTO CjaBaacRoe Baaaaaie, BOBVB'fc aaatcTBoe Bctia'b Cja- 
BaaaMii. KoaeiBO b sto cxo4Ctbo mofjo 6biTb cjyHa3BbiMi>, 
04BaKo Be MoaceTi» ace 4o6pocoBtiCTBbitt B3Cjt40BaTe:ib ae bcbum- 
BBTb Bpa ceifb, HTO Bi> o64acTfl na4»4aruBiB aca^B FeBeTb] 
(Omap-b, IIp04. a ap.) flBeaeTbi (DoMBoaiB), hto B04'b dTaui* aue- 
aeMi) cjbua Cjaaaae B'b EapoBi. Koaenao a 9To cxo4Ctbo Mor^o 
6biTb qacTo cjyiaiiBbiM'b , a [IIa4»apaK'b aami* QuxA-h BBOjat 
Bpaa-b, BBma Bb 1837 r.: — atliROTopbie aacaTeja, Ba4a cxo4- 
CTBO aaaBaaia axii (BeaeTOBi* A4piaTa<]ecRaxb) cb AaiaTCRBMa Fe- 
aeTaMB, o6aTaBBiBMB B'b Da4»jaroBia, 6wIB3i> Mopa« B'b Rpa^b aa- 
3biBaeM0Mi> Teaepb KacTauyBik, a ci> BefleTaua ApMopiftcRBMB, hcbb- 

BIBMB Bl> FaJJlB, flp0fl3B04BJB BX-b, TO OT^ T^kx'b, TO OT-b 4py- 

rBXT>, HTO 04BaK0 pliBiHTejbBo BecBpaBe44BB0. KoaeHflo, BMa 
FeBCTOBii, Raa^ yace Bbiaie 40Ka3aB0, aaHtMii ae OTjanaeTca oti* 



CJABflUAXX Bl> MAJOH A31B, Bl> A^l'PBR'fi y Bl> HCDABIB. 157 

BMeuB BeseTOBx b BeHe40Bi>, t&M'b doj'fee, <ito b Meja npHMo 
BaabiBaeTi* bxi> BeHeraMB « 04BaR0 aKe, 6b]Tie aioro uapo/ia cRpbi- 
Baercfl bo MpaR'b b^robi*, ue^ocTyoHbixi* BCTopia, a ooTOMy He 

DOaeOJBTeJbHO Ha04U0Ml» TOJbRO BMCHB OCUOBblBaTb OOJOHCBTeJb* 
HblX'B BCTOpBqeCRBX'B BblB040Bl>». — lIIa«l>apBRli, DOBTOpfllO, 6blJli 

BaujH-fe npaB'b, yTBepH€4afl aTo, bo mm 6biJB 6bi ae npasbi, ec^a 

6b] npHMO OOptuiBJB, HTO CX04CTB0 BeHeTOB'b na<l>JiarOHCRBX'b« 

M. AaiiicRBx-b |ci> BeueTaMB EBpoae&CRaiiB , t. e. Ea^iTiHCRBMa 
B FajibcRBMB 6bUo "IBCTO cjy4afiHoe« 

Bbime Mbl (I) y6'l4BJlBCb * BIi B03H0»CH0CTB B aaROHBOCTB BO- 

opocoBi): I) ctocTajiBGb 4B yC^aBflH'B cA^Ahi Hapo4Bbixi> npe4aHi& 
o6i> Asia, RaRi> o 4peBa'fefiuieii axi npap04BB'b»? 2) «npa Bbicejeaia 
Cjasaa-b aai) Aaia bi> Eapony, He pcrajocb ab 6ojk'be hjb ueadbe 
auasHTejibBafl bxi> <iacTb B-b A3iB?» — IIpaceM^ Mbi HamjiB Tor4a 
uyH(HbiHi> aanfliTBTb: ctapa bo3mo9khoctb bi> aacToiiQiee BpeHfl 4bo- 
flKaro p-boieHia aroro Bonpoca, Beo6xo4Buo DpaaaaTb aa acTaay 
HecoMHiHayio, sto CwiaBflHe AaiBcRie h EapoaeHcRie 40jro ae Te- 
pfljB cosudHia e4BHCTBa CBoero DpOBCXoaK4eBifl b TaR»ce 40Jiro 
He opepbiBajB b CBoax'b CBH3e3». 

PaacMOTptBi* cy4b6y CjraBaa'b bi* M. Asih, Mbi bpnouB R-b 

BhlB04y, Ra»CeTCfl, 40B04bHO TBep40My, HTO C^aBflBCRaa CTBXIB B'b 

M. A^ifl xoTA B nepeacBBaja paajaqabia oaau , 04aaRo cyuiecTBO- 
ea^a 6e3npepbiBHO ci> VII b. do aacToamee apeMM BRJiOHBTejbHo. 

06paTflBniBCb rii paacMorp'^Biio Boapoca — Ror4a Cjasaae 
BoepBbie cTajB opoaaRaTb Bb M. Aaiio, mm, nepedpaai* B'b yut aa* 
meu'b Bcii 4aaahifl, aaMi> BaatcTHbifl, apanija R'b TOMy TBep40My 
}6'ik}K4euii09 <ito a'ferb aaRaRofl BoaMOHcaocTB yRaaaxb aa apeMA, 
Kor4a aaepabie CwiaBaacRaa OTaxia apoaaRja B'b M. Aaiio. 

B'b BT0Mi> oTBomeaiH, cMtio 4yiiaTb , bcarob y<ieabiii, ao- 
BBMaioiuifi BoaMOHfiuocTb B aaRoaaocTb Bbiuie Bpe4wioH«eHHaro 

BOOpOCa O T0B11>, HTO HpB BblCe^eBlB CjaBaB'b B31». AaiB B'b Eb- 

pony ae ocra jacb jb "lacTb axx B'b Aaia , bghrob yneabiil , ro- 
Bopio fl, 04o6pBTb nocji'fc4aee aaRJieneaie aame. ^'bScTBHTejibao , 
Biik C^aBaacRaa-To cthxia Morja apoaaRayTb B'b Hajyio 
him ae TOJbRO aa-b Espoabi, ao m aax Aaia, r4'b Mor^a 
ocTHTbca qacTb Cjaaaaii apa Bbjcejeaia acero ajeMeaa B'b 
Egpony. 



v. 



158 B. Hi JAMAHCKATO, 

daAiiocb, aHuiymi& arii CTpoRu He npocTyoBJ-b apoTUBi> npa- 

BB^l* OCTOpoSKUOii KpHTHKHf R0r4at a9B4fl CXOylCTBO HaaBaHiii 4pe8- 

HHx-b ropo40Bi» Bi> BB0BHiii — *- K(o^ u Aij^uaaa, e% uaaBauUiiB 

GjiaBilUCKBMB , 3aR4l01B4'b , BTO, XOTfl dTO CX04CTB0 B M0r40 6blTb 

HBCTQ cjyna&HfaM'by 04HaR09 ae yTBepHC4afl BB^ero Q04osKBTeji»- 
Haro, ue€4t4yeTT> lepaTb B3i»BB4y roro, hto b Kioq h Ac^uaaa — 
Baxo4B4BCi^ wh rbxi> caMbixii MtcTHocTaxi., r4t 6bUB GjaBflucKia 
ooce4eBifl Be TO^bKo bi> XVIl — XIX b., bo b b-b VII, VIII b bi> 
€4^4. BiKa. Dojiaraio, <ito obi» aocTyQB4'b QCBOBare^ibBO , Ror4a 
He cTa4'b yTBep3K4aTb p'baRo b ooJOXcBTaJbao , <9to aaai'ikHaeMoe aTo 
CX04CTB0 — • HBCTan c4y<iafiH0CTb j b6o HtTi» HB^iero He4'bna- 
ro, HeBtpoflTuaro b HeBoaMOHCHaro B'b tomi> npe4nojiOH«eHiB, 
HTO CaaBHHCRafl CTBxia 6bMa B34peB4e bt> M. AaiB. Tohbo TdRHce, 
RaHceTCfl, ojaropaaynBO aocTyoH4'b obii, npa paacMOTpiuiH Ba- 
BtcTHarb M'ikcTa H(BaBeoaBcaTe4Ji Cb. KjBMeaTa, aaM'bxBB'b, hto 

C40Ba ero O 6blTH0CTB BiR0r4a, B1> Ct40g 4peBH0CTB, C4aBHH'b Bl> 
H. AaiB, 4043RHbl 6blTb npBBATbl BO BHBMaBie, a He oTBepraeiibu 

RaR'B nycTaa, He^tpaii BbuyuRa 40cyHcaro rpauoTtii. H6o y Caa- 
BflHi> OHeHb jierKO Mor«iB coxpaHBTbCH CMyTBbifl Bapo4Hb]A ope- 
4aBifl o Tovb, HTO C4aBAHCRifl noce4eHia B'b Maaofi AaiB B'b 

Yll VIIl B. He ObUB DepBblMB, 'HTO 3a404r0 40 UHX'b BCBBajB 

Ror4a>TO C4aBflBe B'b M. AaiB. Bt4b mm Bbime y»ce Bfl4'fc4By hto 
CjaBABe fla4peBje mofjh HCBTb B'b M. AaiB, HTu GjaBBue Espo- 
neficRie aior4B B34peB4e nocfeiiiaTb ee« OTnero ace bmi* obiao b 
He BBitTb TaRoro Hapo4Haro npe4aHiB? 

He 6e3pa3cy4Ho, RaHceTCH, nocTyoBJ'b aBTop^, Ror4a yRaabi- 

BBfl Ha M'bCTBOCTb SutOpy B'b tIa<^4a^0HiB , OH'b BCnOMHB«ll» o Be- 

HeTaxi» nd«i»jaroHCRBX'b. 

lIIa<i»apBR'b 6bJ4'b opas'b, Ror4a ne cor4ania4CA cb Cypoaeu- 

RBMl*, CHBTaBniflAfb BTBX'b BcHeTOB'b CaaBBHaUB: HO Mbl, nOBTO- 

pAeMi>, 6bijB 6b] BenpaBbi, ec4B 6bi cTa4B xenepb aoBTopaTb C406a 
UIa<i>apBRa, TaR-b RaRi> bi> HacToamee ppeaia B'B aaiiiHTy CjiaBAU* 
CTBa BeueTOB'B na<x>jiaroHCRBX'b npe4CTaBjiAK)Tca coo6paH<euifl ne 
6eai>ocuoBaTejibHbia, 4aHBbia He iia«io3HaHBTedibHbiii b coeepmeH- 

HO HOBbia. 

((Ho npo40T'B9 anaBmig BeaeTOBi* naiX»4aroHCRHX'B, cHHTaj-b 
BX'B MH4iMuaMBi>. BoapasKeuie aTo, cM'feeM'B 4yBi^aTb, ne bbbcho, 



O CAABflBAX'B B^B MAJIott A3IH, Bl> A4»PBR'B H B'b HCOAHIH. 159 

b6o WpoAOTh — BeueTOBii AiipiaTH<iecRHXT> HaabiBajx H^jepiH- 
nanH, CjaBflBi) PyccRiixi> — GRH<i>aMB, CuraBHOBii, bI) rohxi 
IIIa<i»apnRT» BecbMa ee 6e3iiOCHOBaTejbHo bb4hti> CjaBfiiii>, Mfl4ifi- 
iiaHH. HaROHeaT» cospeMeHHyRB Hpo40Ta, a no Bcefi B'bpoflTBOCTB 
B npe4U]eeTBeBBBRB ero, c^BTajB BeneTOB'b lla^tt^aroBCRBXii ae 
MB4i&iiaiiiB, a conjeneHUBRaMB BeaeTOBii A4piaTB^ecRa%'b ^ 

TaniBTi), npacTynaa bi> cBoen-b onacaaia FepMaaia Ri* C^aaa- 
Bauii, BeBe4aMi>, aaujejiy ByncabiirB CRaaaxb — acoMatBaiocb, npa* 
HBCJLBTh ^B BeBe40B'& Ri> GapMaTaiMi* ajB Ri> FepMaaaaMT))). Go- 
o6pa3BB'b noTOMii axT» ochAAhiH odpaai) sKBaaa, axi> maTbi, ax'b 
aparrpacTie ri> nixoTl, a ae icb Roaaaut, Taiiarb p'bniaji'b npa- 
«iHCjiaTb Bxx Rii repMaaaaiHi; 04BaR0 oa'b ae cRpbuii, «ito oaa 
HHoroe aaBMCTBOBaaa oti» GapMaroB'B — Veaedi multum ex mo- 
ribus (Sarmalarum) traxerunt. Tbr'b tohbo a Beaerbi ]la(i>wiaroB- 
CKie MorjB MBoroe aaaMCTBoaaTb orb Ha4ifiKieBi», RaRi> no iia«io- 
iBCJeaaocTB CBoefi cpe4a uBOHcecTBa aBonjeiieaBaROBi», jaRii a 
no BOcnpiaMSBBOCTB cBoefi , cTOjib Bpo3K4eaBO& G^aBaaau-b. Ka- 
acercfl, aejbaa covaiBaTbca bi> tomi>, *ito TauBTii wh CBoaxi bu- 
B04axT> 6biJlb aecpaBaeao crpoace 0po4OTa, ROTopbia, rbr'b o^eab 
sipoflTBo, nocTaBjieaabiH aa uicTO TaaaTa, ptuiaji* 6bi npaaio,. 
«iTo BeBe4b] — GapMaTbi, Tor4a RaRi* TaaaTi., aa iitcTt IIpo40Ta, 
BecbMa BtpoaTBo BeaeroBi na(i>jaroacRBxi> npauo a p'bniBTeJb- 
Bo Be Ba3Ba^i> 6bi Ma4iBaaMa, a BeaeToB'b A4piaTB<iecRBX'b — 
HjjiapifluauB. 

HaTdTejb Ba4BT'b9 <ito ubi roBopaia'B p'fcmaTeabao, aadbiaaa 
BeaeTOBi) Ua<i>wiaroacRRX'B con^eMeaaaRaMa BeaeTOB'b A4pia- 
Ta«ieGKBXi>, GjaBaaaMB. Mai$aie tbroo moskbo a 40^H€B0 6bi 
6biJio BaaBaTb cjauiROMi> CM'fcjbin'b, ecja 6bi oao ooapajocb TOJb- 
Ro aa npe4'Ba4yuiax'i> cooSpaaceaiax'b, Ha ocBOBaaiH bxi> obo 
TojbRo BipoaTBo. Haacecji4yioaiie 40B04bi a coodpaacenia aaaia, 
Ha4tfocb, B03BO4aTi> 3Ty B'ibpoaTBocTb aa cTeneab npaMoH bcto- 
paqecRoS 40CT0B'fepfl0CTa. 



i* 2o90xXi]|^ Y^^^ ^v "^i a^c^oet tou 'iXiou icapdaXeav q>T)ol Ttpo t^c ^jpac 
Tou 'AvTrivopo? TcpcTe^tJvat ouVpoXov tou aico'p^TQTov la^i5voit ttqv oixiav. Tov ^ev oJ> 
AvTtjvopa xai tou^ iraida^ (lerd tcov iiapaY£vofi.ev(i»» ^£veT(3v eU ti^v 6paxY)>f 
icipicu^ijvai * xaxei^ev diaicEoeiv eU rinv keyoi^ew^v xgira rdv ^fi^piocv *£veuxijv. 
Slrab. p. 608. 



160 B. U. JAMAHCKAFO, 

B'b 4peBH0CTH cytuecTBoeajo MHiBie, hto BeueTbi A4piaTH- 
HecKie ecTb hb*ito iiHoe, Kain> nocejeuie, Ko^oHia BeHeTOBi* Ila- 
4»aaroucKBX'B. B'B uacTOfluiee BpeMfl yneHbie, ^ocTOBHbie rjy^oKa- 
ro yBaHcebifl b oKaaaBinie BayK'b ycjyra HeaaoBeHBua, KaRi»-To 
Ueflccby rpoTe<frefl4i> b 4>op6Hrepi» e4BUorjiacHO oTBepraiorb dTo 
MBtflie, KaK'b 4BCTyio .A03Kb, Dycryio 6acBio b sexbuyfo BbuyMKyV 

IlBuiymifl dTB crpoKB ae cxaHeTii cRpuBaTb oti» "laTaTeja, 
HTO Be 6e3i> HiiKOToparo crpaxa a Tpeaexa ptuiaeTCii oH-b npHMO 
apoTHBop-bsBTb TaKBMB daM-feHaxe^bBbiMii yneBbiM-b; uo Bpo40^- 
HCBxe^bBbiii paaMbiiBwieBiii 0611 axoM'b flpe4Merk, cu^er'b 4yMaxb» 
BejiBRoi Ba'iKBOcxB ue xojbRo 4jiii BCTopia floBoS, HO a 4peBHefi 
EBpoBbi, y6t4H-^iB ero BecoMB^BBo B'B cnpaBe4JaBocxB BBHce- 
ca'fe4yiouiBxi» 40B040BB. 

npe46apaxejbflo cHaxaio 40jroM'B aavixaxb, sxo bb Ile&ccb, 
HB rpoxe«i>eB4nb9 bb 4^op6Brep'B Be o6paTB^fl 40JHCBaro BBBMaaifl 
fla xOy. Hxo eaie coBpeMeaaaRB Hpo4oxa a 4a»ce B'fepoflXflo ero 
Qpe4mecxBeflBBRB Bo^arajB, <ixo Beaexbi A4piaxB4ecRie BpoB3o- 
fliJB oxB BeaexoBB QaojaroacRax'B; <ito Gxpadoa'B 4tScxBBxeJb* 
BO c^flxajB odno epeMH BeaexoB'B A4piaxfi4ecRflXB 3a oxpacjb, 3a 
Ro^oaiio BeaexoB-b rajbCRBXi>, ao boxomcb aepeMtaaji* cBoe HB'fe- 



im^ettccb, roBopfl o BeeeTax'b A/iptaTHqecKHxi>, aairbqaeri* : «Mit welcher aber 
diese Spracbe rerwaodt sei (t. e. Beeer.), forscbten die alleo nicht, and iiber- 
liessen sich allerlei Vermuthungen and Fabeleienn. B'b npHBiqaBiN xce OB'b yKaau- 
aaer-b Ha 8to MHtHie. FpoTe^eBA'^ (Zur Geographie a. Geschichte yon Alt-ltatien. 
Hannorer. 1840. IV Hefl) botii hto roBopHTi* o6i> 8tobi>: ccDie Veneter^ welche mit 
den Liburnen and latriern die innersten Kiinsten des adriatischen Meeres besetzlen, 
waren weder asiatischen Paphla'gonen, wie allere Griechen, noch Gallier ana der Bre- 
tagne, wie Strabo, noch slawi^che Wenden, wie Mannert, oder Anten wie der Erzb. 
Ton Mohilow Stanisl. Sestrencewicz de Bohusz in seinen Recherches historiques sar 
I'origine des Sarmates, des Esclayons et des Slares (P^tersb. 1812) aus blosser Aehn- 
lichkeit des Namens mil den Benennungen anderer Volker schlossen, sondern, wte 
Herodotos I, 196; V, 9 bemerkt, gleich den andern Volkern an Italiens Oslktiste il- 
lyrischen Abkanrt....» (S. 6 — 7). ^op6arepi> (Handbach der alten Geographie, 111, 
S. 578 f.)f yKaaaBTi na /[peBaHXi» nacareaett, AepKaBoiHxcfl roro HHteifl, aaH'bTH.i'b: 
«Dass aber diese ganze Sage ?on der Einwanderung der Veneter aas RIeinasien jeder 
historischen Grundlage entbehrt, bedarf keines weiteren Beweises. Dennoch hielten 
sie sich selbst allerdings fiir Asiaten, and zwar nach Herodot, fiir Meder» (5,9). Ilpo 
BeeeroB-fc A/[piaTa<iecKBx.i>: vDariiber aber, dass sie ein eingewaiiderter Stamro wa- 
ren and nicht in den Urvolkern Italiens gehdrten, ist das ganze Alterthum einver- 
8tanden» (ibid.). 



O QJLABHHAXlf Vh MA^ofi A31H, Wh A^PBK'B U Bl* UCnAUlU. 161 

s 

Hie a nepemeai» ki» npoTUBUoniy MHtHiio, npoHasoAHBiueMy Beue- 
TOB'B A4piaTBqecRMX'b oTh BeHeTQB'b IIa4>aaroHCKHxi>; 4To aa- 
Roueu'b Beuexbi A4piaTHHecRie caMB bi> CBOBX-b uap04iibixi> ope- 
AaHiflxi> npoB3B04HJB ce6fl oti» BeHeTOBi> Ila«t»jaroucKiix'b; hto 
Hapodnocmb ope4aHifl 40Ra3biBaeTi> ero ucmopuHecKyh) ucmuny. 

Bbime MM yKaaa^B aa c^Aosa Go4>ok^a, coxpaaeuubiH aaMi* 
CTpaooBOMii ; dpa zewh ue MOHceHi» ae aauiTBTb, hto atrb aa &ia- 
jiamaro ocaoBaaia nojaraxb, <ito bto ape4aaie aaa cKaaaaie 6bi^o 
BbuyMaao caMBM'b Coook^omi* ; aaopoTas'b, ropa340 BipoaTate, 
H^o oao 6bi4o Boo6me bi» xo4y 3a4o^ro 40 Co«i»oRda; ca'fe40Ba- 
Tejbao ae TOJbRo y coBpeMeaaaaoBi* l]po40Ta, ao a 3a4oaro 40 
aero, y FpeROBi* 6bLio y6't»c4eaie, hto Beaerbi A4piaTU4ecRie 
coajeMeaaaRB BeaeTOBi» Kao^aroacRi^x^. 

06pauiaeMCA R'b Grpaooay, aacarejio aosTeaaoiiy, 3acjiyHca- 
Bdiouieiiy no.Aaaro aaaiero yBaaceaifl. aBeaerbi (FavAbCRie) npoB3- 
Beaa, — roBopaTi* owh^^-no MoeMy MHrbHrn^ BeaexOB-b A4piaTB-' 
HecKBX-b; BOO bovtb Bcb 4pyrie Ke^bTu dTaJbaaCRie nepenija 
a3i>-3a AjbDib, RaRi* aanp. Bobb aCeaoau; ao apaqflat me cxo4- 
CTBa BMeai> cbaib ce6fl oaa aa3biBaiorb Ua<t»jiaroacRaiiii. Bapo- 
HeMi> A dToro ae yTBepa<4aio; bi* tbromi* npe4MeTt 40BOJbao 04*- 

H0& BtpOflXaOCTB)). aToUTOV^ Ot[l.at TOU^ Ou£V6T0U^, OtXtOTa^ 

etvfltt TcSv xaxd tov 'ASpt'av . xai yap 0^ aXXot Kdrzzq axeSov xi ol 
^v T-fl ^IxaXtqL K^TOt itSTav^axTjcjav in t*^^ UTulp tov 'AXtc^ov ytj;, 
xa^aiuep xal oS Botoe xal ol2evovs^. 8ta 8h Tif]v oii.ovuii.tav IlatpXa- 
Tfcva^ (pacjtv auxou^. X^^^) 8'oux to'xupt^c'ji.evo^ . apx&t Yap Trept 
Twv Tocoifxov TO eixo^>>. 

CTpa6pai>9 ao Bcefi fidbpoHTaocTB , BM'ikji> aepe4'b C06010 RaRia 
HR6y4b aowiosKBTejibabiA 4aaabjfl , y6iH\4aBa]ia ero bi> e4aacTB']k 
opoBcxoa<4eBiH BeaeroBi TajbCRBxi) a A4piaTB<iecRflX'b. Efep- 
Bbixii BeaeTOBi* oai» csBTaji* Ke^bTana; a-b cj'k4CTBie ace bxi> 
cxo4CTBa a e4BBoo4eMeaaocTa (b'B newh owh GhiA-h oortb ae- 
coaaibaao ya'i^peaii) ci> BeaeraMB A4piaTB<iecRaMH , oai* a 00- 
cat4aBX'b c4aTaji» raRBMB ace KejbTaMB\ Coo6paa;aa ace aa- 
BicTBbia eMy aepecejeaia ch ctBepo-3aaa4a aab-aa A^baoa-b, bt> 
Hrawiiio^ aapo40B'b KejbTCRax'b, aaup. Eo&eai, CeaoaoBi, oab 



1. xai yip oi aUoi icavrec ox^^^^ "^^ ^^ ^^ 'iraXCa K£Xtoi. 
yi. 3An. — cj. 11 



162 B. H. jIAMAUCKAro, 

AerKo Morii Q04yMaTb b npe4no^oaKaTb, 4T0 h BeaeTu, TaKie me 
KejbTbi, KaRii iiBeSB BCeHOflU, DOiiBB4BCb TdKBM'b me odpaaoM-B 
ua A4piaTHqecK0Mi> nouopb'6. TaKoe apeAaOdioweBie, Bb raa^ax-b 
CTpa6oHa9 He TOJibKO oG-hBcunJkO e4BuonjieMeHHOCTb BeaeTOB-b 
FaabCKBX-b b BeaeTOB'B A4piaTBHecKBX'b , BBBtcTHyio eMy b3i» 
4pyrBX'i» 4aHUbiX'B , ho bi> cbok) oqepe4b a cano no4TBepHC4ajocb 
eio. TaKHMHb odpaaoMii ero 4ora4Ka, b 6e3i» Toro Bcer4a 4oporaii 
Ka»c40My asTopy, no^ynaja bii ero r^aaax^ eme 66abmyio udbuy, 
eme Bbicuee auaieuie. Ho e4Ba ycnt4i» oHii BbicRasaTb jio6e3uyio 
cboio Mbic^b, KaKi* BCTp'&TBJCfl Cb oojoHceHieM^, coBepineuuo c^- 
BepratomBMib CDpaBe44BB0CTb ero 4ora4KB, cTOJb eay 4io6e3Uoii, 
pa36BBaiouiHM'b Bit npaxi> T04bKo 4TO aocTpoeunyio bmti BnoTeay,' 
CTOjib eay 4oporyio. He ecTecTBeuHo 4fl bt> raKHX-b c^ynajaixib oepBoe 
ABi/imenie MbictH OHCdTeja 3aoo403pHTbHew4aHUonpe4CTaBaii&eMy 
(tiaKTii? Bi> TaKHXi> c^yiaaxii ue a&iaeTca ah bi» Torb Hce MBrb 
y qejoB^Ka, caaaro 4o6pocoB'&cTHaro, 3Ke.iauie no4opBaTb aBTopa- 
TeTii <i>aKTa, ero o6wiH4aiomaro? TaKii cjiynu^ocb b co GTpa6o- 
H0MT>: ropa«iHMi» Cji'k40M'b TBRoro, Bopovieifb TOJbKO npoMe^bKHys- 
maro Bi>iieM'b, Hfeaauia ocra^BCb ara c^oaa: hta tiqv o|jLOvupLtav — 
«no cxo4CTBy HMeHii». E4Ba 4Binb ope4CTaBBwi'b oht* cboio 4ora4Ky, 
odpaaoBBBHiyioca vh cj1i4CTBie r4y6oRaro ero y6i»C4eBia bi* e4B- 
HOHjeHeHBOCTH BeueT0Bi> PaJLCRaxx a A4piaTB4ecRHX'b , saR'b 
TOTqacb SKe BCBOMHflji>, MTO cia nocM'fe4Bie caaH npoH3B04flrb ^e6H 
0Ti> BeueTOB-b na4>jaroBCRHXi> , 0THi04b me He orb ra4bCRBxi>. 
Ci> ii'i;4bi6 me orpaHB«iBTb 3Ha«ieuie dToro MHiaia , cTOJb CB4bH0 
eay npoTHBypiqiiBaiaro, oh^ BeaoabHO opH6aBH4i> 9TB cjoaa: bid 
nqv 6]3.oyfU]i(<vj. Ho "lejoBlRi 4o6pocoBicTHWH, Bcer4a roTOBbiii 
4wifl BCTBHbi DOH^epTBOBaTb cBOBMii jiBHHbiarb MutBieM-b, CrpadoH-b 
BCDOMBHaeTi> TyTi> 4peBBHXi» nncaTejeii, Bbipa3BBUiHX'b to me ca- 
Moe MB'buie; a BeaojbHO BCTptiaeTca €i> Boapocoax: aeyHCja 
Becb Hapo4i>, DpoH3B04aiuifi ce6fl oT'b BeaeTOBi* na<i>4aroBcKax'b, 
HeysKJH Bck DBcaTeaa, BbipancaBUiie 40 Meaa aro Mutaie^ ocuo- 
BbiBBJBCb T04bRo Ha 04H0Mi> codByiia aaeHi) — u(i.ovuiJLta7 Crpa- 
6oH^ ue Hcayrajca raRoro aoapoca a , hto euve 6o4te 4i4aerb 
eny qecxa h CAymnrh npaaipoMii 44a Baci>« HOBtBrnaxi* aac^i- 
40BaTe4eM, He p'ikniB^'b ero no«io»CBTe4bBO. HiTi>, cMtjo oocTa- 
BHBi) Bonpocb H cTporo ero o64yMaBii, ohii, xotb a ue OTRaaajca 



CiABAHAXli B^ HA JOH A31U, BT> AOPBK'B H Bl> RGDAUIH. 1 63 

orb cBoeS Aora^RH ("ito aah Haci» TOHce BecbMa bbskho b ae Me- 
ete noyiHTejbHo) , aaMtTu^i* o^uaKOHce: «fl BopoqeMi* aToro He 
yTBep»4aiO», t. e. a ae cMtio p'ibfflHTejbuo yTBepacAaxb, capa* 
BeA^BBo ju Moe MH-ibuie OTHOCBxe^bHO npoBCxoaK4eHifl Bene- 
TOBi* AApiaTBqecKBX'b otii BeueTOBi* FawibCKaxii, — vm6o bi* Ta- 
KBX-b ape4iieTax'b jyqme Bcero AOBOjibCTBOBaxbca 04H010 Bt- 

pOATH0CTblO». 

TaKBifb o6padOM'b, o<ieBB4HO, a caMi> CTpa6oHi> ue c^HTa^'b aa 
aycTyio 6acHiO Malaie, opoa8B04B6mee BeBeTOBi> A4piaTa«iecRBXii 
orb BeaeTOB'b natikjaroacRax-b; aaa^e 6bi oax coBepmeaao ot- 
Bepr'b CT04b apoTaByaojoHCBoe esiy MH-ibaie, aaa^ie 6bi oa-b ae cRa- 
3aj'b, qTO arc MB'ibaie Towe BipoBTao, xota a ae TaRi>, aaRii to, 
Ri> KOTopoMy oai* cK^oaA4ca. Ki> coxcajtaiio Cjpa6oa'b ae Bbi- 
CKaaaj'b Bctxi* npa^iBa'b, aacTaB^flBmax'b ero ape4aoqflTaTb 04B0 
Mutaie 4pyroMy. Ho, aaafl 4o6pocoBik€THocTb cjaaaaro reorpa<t»af 
ptuiBTejboo MOHceM-b yTBepHC4aTb, «iTO r^aBaifimeio TOMy npa^ia- 
BOK) 6bija ae aaajorifl BofieBii a CeaoHOBi>, a RaRia aB6y4b 4aB- 
Hbia, coBepmeaao aeaaBacanibifl a caMocTOBTejbabia, xopouio eMy 
H3BtcTabia B aoTOMy 3acTaB4ABmiA ero opaaaMaTb, Kaui) ao^ira 
HecoMB'^Habifi i^aRT-b, o4aopo4CTBo BeaeTOB'b A4piaTa<iecRBX'b cb 
Beaerai^B ra^bCRBiiR. 04ao TOJbRo o6cToiiTe4bCTBO — apiypona- 
Baaie axi* R-b KejbTaM'b, aoM'ikmajp eMy coBepmeaao ao40B4Ta R'b 
BCTHB'b, apiypoiBBaaie coBepaieaao oma6oHfloe , TaRi» Raai* euie 
IIojBBiS apflMo Bbipa3BJC>i: (cBeaeTbi (A4piaTH«iecRie) apaBaMa b 
o6pa30M'b Hcaaaa Ma40 H'bM'h oTjaiaiOTCfl orb KejbTOB'b, roBopaTi* 
04HaRo 4pyraM'b a3b]K0Mi>» — olOueveroc Tot;; l^eae xal t^ xocilo 
ppap 8ta9^povTe^ KeXxttv, Y^oTTd 8'aX>oc'(f X9^H-^^^^* 2, 17. 
IIpiypo*iBBniB axe axi* R-b Ke^bTaM'b, CTpa6oa'b yxce ae Morb b 
aoMbic4flTb apoTaByaojioHcaoM-b 4Ba3KeaiBy a3i> HTajiiB B'b 3e&ija 
aa-AjbaiScRia. 

CTporafl RpaTBRa, CM'feio 4yMaTb, 8BRor4a ae 4O3B04BT'b ot- 
BepraTby aaRx coBepnieaayio 6acaio, cjosa GTpa6oaa o tomi*, <ito 
BeaeTbi A4piaTaseCRie aoiifjB otii BeaeTOB'b raabCRBxik. Oaa 
TOjkKo paaodbeT'b ax'b aa 4B'b qacTa : nepaafl — «i»aRT'b aecoMata- 
Bbifi — e4HBoajeMeBnocTb Tix-b a 4pyrBX'b BeaoToanb, BTopaa 
^acTb — ^B^aoe a^aiaie CTpa6oaa o aax'b, RBR'b o Ke^ibTaxi*, a 
iH<iHoe ace ero Maiaie, xota ocaoaaaaoe aa HCTaaaoM'b ^aicTt, 



164 B. 0. 4AMAUCRArO, 

uo TOJLKO ueapaBHJt.Ho noHJiTOM'B, o Bbice^ieBiH BeneroB'B A4pia-» 

THieCRBX'B H31> FajwiiH. 

Mbi BH4'i^jiH, RaKoe 3Ba<ieHie npa^aBaj-B CTpa6oH'B CBoeaiy 
MH^aiio, Ha ROTopoe ohi> uut^i) ocaoBaBie, h hto xce? Ainmu 
TO^bRo apflsewii) oHii ce6t Ha oaMATb 4pyroe MHiuie o na<i>jaroH- 
CTB^ BeBeTOBi» A4piaTH4ecKBXi» , KaRi* TOT*iaci> we Bamej'b nysK- 

BblMli npRCOBORyBBTb , HTO He CAlteTb p'lkmBTeJlbHO yTBepHC4aTb 

cBoero MB'feHia« a TO«ibRO ^epsKBTca ero, RaR'b uaH6oUte Btpoflxua- 
ro. GTpa6oBi»9 ec«iH He bsi* JiofioaBaTe^buocTH, bi» RoropoB ro* 
BeqBO eMy hbrto ae OTRa»ceT'b » to h31> Hcejania oopoBeprayTb 
npoTBsyaoJOMCBoe eMy MH'feuie, 6e3i> coMHtHin obiTajca noAo- 
pBaTb MB^Bie ^a<^Jla^0BCTB'fe BeneTOBx A4piaTHqecRBXi>, h ro- 
He<iHO 6o.ibnie ^acT> bm^ai* bo3H03kuocth nposipBTb h o6cy4BTb 
9T0 MB^Bie. HaROBeii'b 04uaH€4bi oB-b yHce RHByj-b Tinb ua arc 

MHtBie, CRa3aBX, hto OBO OCHOBdHO Ba 04H0M'b C03ByqiB HMeU-b, B 

.npoTBBynocTaBBjT> eMy 4pyroe MHtHie, 6oA%e oo ero noBflTiiiM^b 

Bf>p0BTB0e H ROBe^BO OGBOSaHHOe Be Ba co3BysiH BueB-b. H Bce 

TaRB GTpa6oB'b He TOJbRo ue sbuaeT-b 3a nycTofi BbiMbicji* axo 
na«i»aaroBCTBO, bo bi> np040ji»ceBie caoero Tpy4a Be pasi r^ aeiiy 
B03BpaiuaeTCfl. 

06pauiaeMCfl rii 4pyrHMi» uicTaH'b CTpa6oBa aah Toro, >iTo6bi 
jyime oaBaROUBTbcii cb ero MBiBieiHi o'npe4aBiH, npoB3B04BB- 
meM'b BeaeTOB-b A4piaTH«iecKHXi> oti* BeaeTOBii Ila<i>aaroacRBxi>; 
TBR'b RaR'b MBliaie ero BecbMa BasKBO 4jia aoBtfimBxii H3CJt40Ba- 
Teaefi Bonpoca o Bapo4BOCTH BeneTOBi* A4piaTHHecRBxi>, b6o« no- 
BTopiieMi>9 CTpadoHii ae 6bui pacoo^OHceu'b B'b aojbsy aroro npe- 
4aBiii H 6ojbnie Baci> Hii'fcji> a oo6yHC4eBifi a bo3iio3kboctb ot- 
BepraTb ero, RaRx "iHCTyio 6acBio, nycTyio Bbi4yMRy, 

Ha CTp. 61-& CTpadoB'b, ape4CTaBHBi> npnuiphi paaHbixi* ^h- 
3H«iecRBX'b nepeBopoTOB'b aa 3eMjit, nepexo4aTi> 3a T'bM'b R-b aepe- 
cejeaiaMii Bapo40Bi« TaRi*, roBopHTb ou-b, U6epbi 3ana4Hbie oo- 
ceJHwiHCb aa Ml>cTaxi> aa noBTOiii> h Kojixb4oio, h do cjoBaifb 
Ano4J[04opa ApaRci> 0T4'fewiflerb bt^Ii oT-b ApueHiH, eoie 6ojie, 
erne Bibpn'lie Hnpii (Kupo^ SI (i-aXXov) b ropbi i^ocxificRia; ErBB- 
TBue Ri« 3eionaBrb h KojxaM'b; Bentmbi uat Ila^MitOHm na Adpix). 
icOtov MpTJpwv ii.lv Tov £a7uepcQv tiq tou^ uiclp tou IIcvtov xai nq^ 
KoXxtSo; TOTCOu^ (jLeT^xtqu^ycdv , ou; xal o 'Apot^^^j ^^ ^ifjatv 



G^ABflUAX'b Bl> MAJOfi A31M, Bl> A^PUK'B H Bl» HCDAHIB. 165 

TO 0971 TO Moaxtxa, A^Y^TCTtov S'et^ xs A^itoTcotg xal KoXxou^. 
'EvsTov S^^x na9XaY0vtd{: ^tuI tov 'ASpeavo. — 34'bcb, via bh- 
4HM'b, Crpa6oH'h eme ae coauitBaeTCJi (dTo iiIscto paubuie upeAhvkAy^ 
oiaro) Bi> B€TBB'fc Dpe4aeiji o Bbixo4t BeueTOB'b A4piaTH«iecKBX'b 
B3i> IIa<i»jaroHiB. HanpoTBB'b Toro, obi* CHBiaeTii ero BipHi>e 4p}- 
raxi oo4o6Hb]X'b ape4aBiM o oepece^eHiflxii paaBux'B BUbixi* aa- 

p040Bl>. 

Ha cTp. 212-3 CTpa6oBi»» cRaaaBiif hto paBHBBa saptKoioIlo 
uace^eua KejbTauB BBeueTaMB, opo40ji»caeT'b: aKejbTbi 9tb 04ho- 
po4Bbi ci» KejbTaMB aa-AjboificRBUB. BeHCTax-b cymecTayerb 
4BOflRoe HU'ibHie. O4HB roBoparb, mo ohb ooiu^ib (co6cTBeHHb ro- 
joHBCTbi, nocejeuubr) orb coa^eueHHbixi* bmi* KeabTOBX, scaay- 
max'b npa OReaa'b; 4pyrie Hce roBoparb, hto nocjth TpoaacRoS 
Bottabi cb AaTaaopoafb nacTb BeaeToa^ Dao^aroacRax-b 6taca^a' 
Cf04a; B'b 40Ka3aTeabCTBo cero DpBB04aTi> bxx peaaocTabifi yxo4'b 
3a Jouia4biia, ito Teofpb coBepmeaao apoaaao. a ape3K4e aecbua 
hub ysasKaaocb, no opaM'fcpy ape4R0B'b9 aaHaMaamaxca BbiB040Mr 
4ouiaROBi>, o 4eMi> yace OiMap'b BcnOMaaaeT'b : 

A 4ioHBci& , Tflpaai* Caaa JiScRifi ^ aaaejii TaM'b Ta6yBbi RoaeH 
Aja pacTajiBmii^ TaKi» hto y FpeROB'b no^baoBajacb c^aBOio ao- 
luaAB BeHeTCRifl a 404roe apeMfl aroTii po4i» ChiAi* y aaxi* bi* 
utatn. — «0l [i.lv oiiv KgXtoI toci; uTcepaXTC^otc opioe^ver^ dai. 
Oepi TOV 'EvsTov, 8tTT0^ ioTi Xo'yo^. 0£ jjlIv yap xal auTOu^ 9aar 
KeXtov e^^ae a7uo6eou^ tc5v 6|i.ovu|i.ci>v TcapcoxeavcTQV ol S'£x toj 
TpoVxou icoX^jJLOU jtix' 'Avnjvcpo^ ao^-^vat 8eupo ^aal tov ix, ri]^ 
HacpXaYOvtag ^Evstov Ttva^, jtapTtiptov hi toutov TCpo96povTat, 
TTJv Tcepl Ttt^ l7C7uoTpo9«t$ ^7ce|i.&Xecav • iq vuv [jiiv xeX^o^ ^xXeXotice, 
itpOTepov 81 ^TtjiaTO Tca^ auTot^, a/izo tou TcaXaeou SirjXcu, tcu 
xata Ta^ iqjiLtovtTtSa^ ?iC7Cou^. Toutov ik xal ""Opnripo^ jJL^pijTat 

Kal Atovuo'to;, 6 t^^ 2txeX^a^ Tupavvo^, ^vTeuiev to licTCOTpo9etov 
oiiveonjTaTO tov aiXTjTov Itctcov oots xal ovoji.a iv toP; ^'EXXijat 
Ifsv^aiat rfj^ 'EvsTtx-^f KtAtioij xal TuoXiiv xpo^ov euSoxe|i.T)0'a£ 



166 B. 0. JAMAUCRArO, 

3to M'fecio CxpadoHa eecbua eascHO bo uaorBX'b oTBomeHiax'B. 
Oho AORaabisaerb cnpaee^JiBBOcTb aaniHaHia eauiero o tomi*, ^to 
CTpa6oui> aBajHi , ^to He 04B0 cxoactbo BiieHi> (fO{xovuii.6x) 6bi^o 
ape«iHHOio opoH3B04CTBa BeHeTOBTi A4piaTHHecKHXi» oTb BeBeroBT* 
1Ia4>jaroBCRBXi>. Hb'b Hero BH^aTb tbrhcc , ito a 40 'Crpadoaa 

6blJH «li04H, ROTOpbie C4HTaJH BeHeTOBli AitpiaTBHecRHxi» B Fajb- 

CRBXi> 04B0DjeMeHBHKaiiB, HTo fl 40 Hero yme wh aauiHTy MHtHiM 
o Bbixo4'6 BeueTOB'B A4piaTHqecRHX'b Bai* na4»jiaroHiB npBB04HJH 
H CX04CTB0 B'b aaHATiaxi) B o6paat hcbsbb BeneTOBi A4piaTpHe- 
CRB» Cb BeneTaMB Da^jaroHCKHMH. 4'fcScTBBTeJbHo crpacTb ki> 

R0aeB04CTBy B HCRyCCTBO BX HeUli 40B04'b BeCbMa CBJbBftlSi, 

coxpanaiomiii bck) cbok) a'tnaocTb b b'B naine Bpema. EIpH BceMi* 
CBoeMi* apBCTpacTifl k'b BOOTeai aporBBjaojoacHoS, CTpa6oH'b ro- 
jie6^eTCfl 04HaR0, b, BcaoMHHB'b aTorb nocj'b4Hiii 40B04'b, ysKe He 
'p'ibmaeTCfl doj'be HacTaBBaxb na npoacxo»c4eHiH BeBeTOBii A4pia- 

TBieCRBX'b OT-b raJIbCRBXT}, B He 0T1> Ua<l>JarOHCRBX'B. 

Ha CTp. 543-ili: c<C^'fc4Yi0T^ Ilao^aroHiii h PeHeTbi. CnpauiH- 
BaeTCB, RBRBX-b paaytfijiii FeHeTOB^ ooaT-b, RorAa CRa3a4i» : 

DHjeveH'b Beji> rojnu Oa«»diaroBiieBi> 
H3> reneTOBii, po4iiHu 4HKHxii jomaROB'k. 

Tenepb 04Hb roBopflrb , qTO H-ibrb 604^6 FeHeTOB'^ bi> Ilaojaro- 
Hia, 4pyrie, *ito ecTb cejieaie na 6^pery, bi> 4ecflTH cxaaax'b orb 
AnacTpa. 3aH040Ti> B3^ EaeTbi yTBep3K4aeT'by <ito Teaepb BMtcTo 
EaeTbi aaB-bcTBH^ ropo4'b Ambcti. ^pyrie Hce nojaraiorb, qro 
o^eMB, cocfeAHee cb KaDna40RaMB, BbicTynajo BM-fecTi cb KaiiAie- 
pi&tiaMH a noceABAOCb y A4piB. Ho aecbMa xopomo b3b*Ictho, hto 
FeHeTbi 6b]AH caMbiM-b aaaueaBTbiM'b OAeneueH'b Da^^AarouaeB-b, 
Ki> aeiiy Hce npaBa4Ae3RaA'b b DaAeMeH-b , «ito Becbua MHorie ot- 
npaBBABCb Cb BBM-b Ha Bofiay, hto, no BaaTiH Tpoa, noTepaBraa 

CBOerO B03KAB, yOlAB BoBpaRilO, DOTOMl), nOCRBTaBmaCb, 40CTBrAH 

Bbiu^i^uiBefi Beneaia. H'ibROTopbie yTBepH{4aio'rb 4a»ce, <ito Ahtb- 
Hop-b a CbiaoBbii ero y^iacTBOBaAa bt> aroM-b noxo4^ a noc^jajacb 
aa 6epery A4piaTBRa , RaR'b o6i> dxou'b mm ysKe ynoMBHaAa Bib 
CTaTb'6 06'B HTaAiB. BtpoaTHo TaHau'b odpaaoM'b a buuiab Beae- 
Tbi H ue oRasbiBaeTCfl BX'b xeaepb ai* Da^Aaroaian*. — a^'ETCStTa 

1. Erne reeeru acB4N vh II»»jaroBiH npa AjeKcaiApi HaseAOBCKovk. Tarn 
00 KpaiiHOCTB roBopHTb Kbbbtii Kypaiii (c. HI): Jamqoe ad urbem Ancyran Tentom 



O CJABflHAX'B Bl> MA.AOii A31H, Bl> A4»PliR'fi H B^b HCnAUlH. t ti7 

na9XaYov(dv ^iQYelTo IIuXai(Jieveoc XaGiov xtJp 
*£$ %veT(dv, o5ev iq^jlAIvuv y£vo; aypoTepacdv. 

Oii Yap Setxvua^at 9aat vuv *Evstou$ Iv tiq na9XaYovta • oE 81 
xciiLTjv £v T« atY^aXw 9aat, 8lxa o-;^otvbv$ ctTCO 'Ajtaorpe'tt^ St^/ou- 
aav. Ztivo8oTO(; 81 i^ 'Evexfi^ YP^9®^> ^^^ 9''1^^ ^TjXoucjiat ttjv vuv 
'A|jLtaov. 'AXXot 8s 9uXov Tt xoi^ KaTCTcaSo^tv oixopov orpaxsuo-at 
(tsm KcpLitepiuv. stV ^XTCScxefv dq tov *A8ptav. To 8i |i.aXto"V opio- 
XoYou|jL£vov iaxcv, OTt a^toXoYttTttTOV tqv tcSv na9XaY6v(i.)v cpuXov ol 
'EvsTOt, i^ ou nuXa^iLevT)^ tqv xal 8r^ xai auveaxpaTSuaav auTw 
ouTOt TcXeraxot aTcojJaXovxs^ 8i xoy ri^e^O'^a, 8t£^T]aav e^^ xiqv ©pa- 
XTjv (jLSxct XTQV Tpottt^ aXdXJtv * TuXavQiJL&voc h^siq xijv vuv 'Evextxiqv 
owp6covxo. Ttve^ 81 xal 'Avnqvopa xal xou^ TuatSa^ auxou xotvo- 
vTJaat xou cjxoXou xouxou <paal, xal i8pu^';qvat xaxa xov itu^ov 
xou 'A8ptbu, xa^aiusp ^iivTia^Trnjisv iv xo^ 'IxaXtxor*;, Tou? jtlv ouv 
'Evexou^ 8td xoux'^xXtTcefv eixo^, xal ^r^ Setxvucj'iat £v x-jj Ila- 
9XaYC!VUf». 

34'ikCb« RaKl» Mbl BH4HH'b, CTpa6oB'I» He TOJbKO JHCe He OTBep- 

raerb MwhEia o • npoiicxo3K4eHiB BeHeTOBi» A4piaTHqecRHxi> oti> 
BeHeTOBTi na<i>4aroHCKiixi>, 4T0 caepsa ohi> coBepoieHBO 6bMo 3a- 
ao403pHai>, He TOjibKo y»cb He coMH'bBaeTCfl bt* ero capaBe44HB0- 
CTB, uo4a»ce opHHUMaeT'b aTo ape4aHie, KaKi* uecoMHtHHoe hcto- 
pH<iecRoe CBii4'fcTejbcTB0 h nojibdyeTca hmi> 4JH o6'bacHeHifl hc- 
«ie3H0BeBiA BeHeTOBi> B'b na<i»jaroHia. HtM-b 6odbnie cTaneM-b 
BHBKaTb Bi» caoBa CTpa6oHa, Tiu^ ACH'be pacRpoeTca nepe4i» 
oaMH Becb xo4i> ero npe4BapBTe4bHbix'b »3C^'b40BaHifi h pasMbj- 
mjeuiij o Bonpoct, ROTopbifi cBJbBO ero aanHMaj'b h bo ROTopoMy 
0Hi> npe4CTaBjaj'b cboh) BaoTe3y« Uejbdfl RaHceTCA oTpaaaTb, *ito 

BOBpOCIb O npOHCX03K4eBiH BeneTOB-b A4piaTB^eCRBX'b CBJbHO 

aaBHMaa-b Grpadoaa , BOBpocb — Bbim^H jb ohh 831* na<i>^a- 
roBiu, Bjfl Bce Cb ctBepo-3ana4a9 orb OReaBa ATjaBTBHeoRaro, 
TaRii RBRii A6opBreBaAiH ax-b bbrto h Be 4yMaj'b cHBTaTb, bb 40 
CTpa6oHa, bh npa uewhy bb nocjrb Bero, bi» neMii corjaceflii h 



erat, abi namero copiarom toito, Paphlagoniam Uitrat, huic jnnoli eraDt Ei^ti, ande 
qaidam VeiMCos trahere origiaem crednnt 



168 B. B. JAMAJICKArO, 

4'op6Rrepi . Eiue MeR^e D04Bep3KeHO coMHiBiio to, hto CTpa6oB'B 
nepBoaaiajibHO dbij-B coBepmeHBO DpoTBB-b nepBaro piiDeaifl aroro 
BawHaro Bt» ero raaaaxi* Bonpoca , t. e^ npoTBBi* npoBaBo^cTBa 
BeHeTOBi> A^piaTB^ecRHx-b otb BeaeTOB^ IlaojiaroBCRBX'b. Eme 
o<feBfi4uie oepeM'ibHa ero mr'^bia o6^ aTOMii Dpe4Bie'rib a Koae^HO 
oHa nponaonijia bi» aeM'b Bcai4CTBie 40jraro paaMbioi^eHifl a ae 
6e3ocHOBaTe^bBbix'B po3bicRaaiii. 

Cm^k) 4yMaTb, «iT0 CTpadoax nepeMtaaji* cBoe Maiaie a cor 
r^iacHJCfl cb npoTBBono40HCBbiMi>, yTBepsk4aBniBirb hto BeaeTU 
A4piaTa«iecRie npoaaomja oT-b BeaeTOBi* naojaroBCsax^, aa 
ocROBaaia cji;4yioaiBxi> 4aBHbix'b a coo6paH<etaifi: 

1] ^peBHie nacaTejia, RaRi> aanp. Coo^oR^-b, a robchho a mbo- 
rie 4pyr]e, orb ROTopbixi* ae 4onija 40 Racb aaBtcTifl, BbiB04ajB 
BeaeTOB'b A4piaTB<iecRBX'b mzi* nad^jarpaia. 

2) BeaeTbi na«i»jaroacR]e cjaaajacb CBoau'b R0BeB04CTB0M'b; 
To^ao TaRHce a BeaeTbi A4piaTa«iecRie. 

3) 1Io34Hi&uiee acieaaoBeaie hjb yHeaboieaie BeaeTOB-b wb 
na<i>jaroBia, Q6T>iicafleTnb axT» Bbixo4T> 0TTy4a a Ti^Mi* B04TBep- 
HC4aerb ape4aHie o Dpoacxo3K4eHia BeaeTOBi* A4piaTasecRRX'b orb 
BeaeTOBii na<».iaroHCRax'b, 

4) Cxo4CTBO BMeai* axi* ae c^yiaitaoe. 

. 5) BeaeTbi A4piaTB<iecRie caMB ce6a n'pofl3B04BaB orb Beae- 
TQB-b ITa<i»4aroacRax'b ae no co3By<iiio anfea-b. — ae hid tiqv q^o- 
vuiJLtav. 

TaROBbi 6b].4a, CMiio 4yMaTb, 4aBBbia a coo6paHceaia, npe4- 
CTaBwiBBiDiacfl CTpa6oay a y6'fc4HBuiia ero Bi»copaBe4JiaBOCTa ape- 
4aHia, BbiB04aBiDaro BeaeTOBi» A4piaTBqecRBX'b aai* na<i>jaroaia. 

Bbime Mbi BB4i^a, <ito CTpadoa-b caMi) CRaaaa-b: ccBnpoHeu'b 
no npBHBHi cxo4CTBa ameaii caMB ce6fl oaa aasbiaaiorb na4»dia- 
roucRHMH». Mbi 06'bBeaajB yace, rbri* aa4o noaaMaTb 34icb cjosa 
ccanpoieM'b no npaqaa'fa cxo4CTBa aMeaii)). CTpa6oaii 3naji> xo- 
pomo, HTo BeaeTbi A4piaTBqecRie caua ce6fl c«iaTajB Bb]X04uaMH 
aa^ ria^^^aronia; ecja ace oai* 6bM'b6bi TBep4o yB'fepeaii B-bTOMi*, 
HTo TaRoe RXT> MB'ibaie ocaoaaao aa coaByqia aMeai>, to 6e3i» co- 
MaiiHia oai* a ae ynoMaayji. 6b] o TaROMi* Maiaia , a bo bcbromi* 
y»ce cjyia'b He cRaaajiii 6bi Bcj'fc4'b aa t^mi: «BapoHeMT> a aroro 
ae yTBep3K4aio, bt> tbrbxx npe4MeTaxTi 40BOJbao 04aofi aipoiiT- 



O C^ABflHAX'b rb MAJOfi A3I0, Vh AOPHR'B H Wh HCnAHIH. 169 

HocTBv. Gboh) BooTeay 6 npoHcxoHC^eBie BeaeTOB'b A4piaTR«ie- 
cRBX'b OTh FajbCRnx'b owh c^iBTaji'b Tor4a ocHoeare jbHoio , HHaqe 
6u 00*6 Be npe^wiaraj'b ee «iflTaTeJio. Ec^h me npoTBBynoJoncHoe 
eny MBisBie OGBOBUBajocb ua 04Bom'b coaByiie BMefli*, to obi> CMi- 
«io 6b] Morb ocTaTbCA apa CBoeM'bMBisHiB. TaRHM'b odpaaoifb cjoaa 
CTpa6oBa aBopoqeM'b no cxo4CTBy RueB-b cauB ce6H (t. e. BeBer. 
A4p.) CHBTaiOT'b IlaojaroBiiaMB)) — Sta hi tiqv cd|i.ovu|JL^av Hacp- 
XaYova^ (paalv auxou^ — 40J3KBbi 6biTb pa36BTbi aa 4B'fe «iacTB — 
oepBaa — BeaeTbi A4piaTB«iecRie cauR ce6fl aaabiBaja Bb]X04uaM b 
BBTb DaojaroBiB — aro o^aRT'b BecoMBtflBbiS ; BTopan — obb TaRii 
^yMa.ifl BaocaoBaBiB cxo4CTBa aueanb — aro jrhboc MB^BieCTpa- 
6oBa, ROTopoe Bnocj'fe4CTBia BpeneaB nepeM'fcaaj'b OEfb caMx, b6o 
HHa«ie OB'b Be npacTaj'b 6bi R'b T-bux, ROTopbie BbiB04aja Beae- 
TOBX A4piaTB^ecRBX'b aa'bsna^jaroaiB. 

Ho Bi4b dTO 6e3CnopBO BeCbMa BBB^Bblfi OaRTb, eCJR TOJIbRO 

OB'b cnpaBe4^aB'b, t. e. «ito caMa Beaerbi A4piaTaqecRie, canfb 
Hapo4'b CMOTp'bj'b Ba Tlaojaroaiio, RaRi» aa nepBoaana Jbayio cboio 
po4BBy. 

HaHce Mbi yBfl4BM'b nojayio BoaMOBcaocTb y6'l4BTbCfl bi» G^a- 
BflBCKOM'b npoacxo3K4eBiB BeaeroBi* A4piaTBqecRBXi». 

Bbime Mbi Morja Be paai* aaM'lTRTb, hto xapaRTepii RajosKeaiA 
CTpa6oBOBa scero uea'te B3Cji40BaTejbBbifi : Bbipaacafl aaRyio 
BR6y4b MUCJL, BJH coo6uiafl RaRoS aB6y4b oaRT'b, obi» bo 
npBB04R'rb BcbxT* CBORXT) ocaoBaaifi bjb bcto^bbrobi* , a aBor4a 
B BOBce npoxo4HT'b BXi) MOJ^iaaien'b. TaR'b, roBopa o Ma^baia, npo- 
B3B04BBmeM'b BeaeTOBii A4piaTR<iecRaxi» oT'b BeaeTOB'b Fajb- 
cRaxx a cRJOBBflCb W TO Bpeuii 6ojf>e aa ero cTopoay, OB'b oie- 

BR4B0 CHBTa41i 4'klOM'b B'b BblCUiefi CTeneBB B'fcpOflTBblM'b, eC^B 

Be aecoMB'fcRBbiM'b, e4BB0njeMeaB0CTb T'ix'b a 4pyrHXTi Beae- 
T0Bi», 04BaR0 OB'b BBqoro ae coo6uiaj'b aaiM'b o aefi. Tonao 
TaRHce B'b 4pyroM'b MlJCT'fc oa-b aaMtnaeT-b, hto cymecTByeTii 4bo- 
BRoe MB'Jkaie o npoBcxoBC4eBin BeaeTOB'b A4piaTaMecRBX'b, TaR'b 
aanp. a-feROTopbie BejR axx OT'b FajbcRBX'b, 4pyrie orb ITad^ja- 
roBCRHX'b. 0<ieBH4ao, hto CTpa6oay 6b] ja BaBicTBU BBcaTeja 
4peBB0CTB, 4ep»caBU]iecB Toro b4b 4pyraro MB'laifl, 04BaRo OB'b 
flpoaiej'bBX'bji04HaaieM'b. Tohbo TaRHce cjoBa ero « BeaeTbi A4pia- 
TRqecRie cauB ce6fl aaahiBafOTi na4»4aroBiiiaMB»f aacTaBjiafofb 



170 B. B. JAMAHOBArO, 

I 

npe4nojaraTb, hto Muoro oaRTOBi>t xopomo eaB'&CTBbix'b CTpa* 
6oHy, npofi4eHo SA'&cb MoanaHieM'b. Huane 0340 npe4ao40HCBT^ 
«iTo CTpa6oHi» aro sbuyMajiii t. e. orb BeHeTOBi> Da4»4aroHCHflX'b 
OBH ce6fl Be opofl3B04BJB. Ho BoaifOHcao jb aTo? CRopie Crpa- 
6oHy 6bijio BOBce uojinaTb 061^ djowb. 

Eofl3Bb csaaaTb BejBRyio Be.itnocTb aacTaBaaerb aaciT opa* 
BBiiaTb TO, 1T0 BeaeTbi A4piaTB4ecRie 4'fcficTBBTeJbBo npoBaao- 
4BJB caMB ce6H oT^b BeHeTOBi) na<i»4aroBCRBxi». CTpa6oB'b To^bRo 
yMOJ^iajiy o rkxh acTOHaBRaxii, aai Roax'b aaBMCTBOBaji* oa-b aro 
CBt4'ibaie. 

Do c^acTbK) 40 flacb 40DIJB 4pyrifl cBB4lTeJbCTBa, 40Ra3bi- 
Baioiuifl TO me caMoe. 

3BaMeBBTb]fi PaMCRifi BCTopaRii T. «lBBiii, 6biTb MOH^erb can 
BeaeTTi, 00 RpaBBOcTB ypoaceaeicb DaTaBifl (Da4ya) ropo4a Be- 
aeTCRaro, aaqaaaeTii cbok) BCTopiio paacRaaoMi* toiii>, <ito no 
paapymeaia TpoB, AaTeaop'b co uaosKecTBOM'b ^eaeT0B^, uaraaa- 
Bbix'b EdTh nacfrjaroaiii a ooTepflBmBxii caoero Boac4A DajeMeaa, 
noce4BjcA y A4piaTBqecRaro aajasa, ^to, BbiTtcaflBmB' Esra- 
BefieBii, ^RBBmax'b Me3K4y A^bnaMa a MopeM'b, FeaeTbi a Tpoaaau 
aaaa^a ara aeuja, a mo Mihcmo^ vh ROTopoe oaa npeHC4e scero 
npamjB, nashieaemcH Tpoeio, omcioda oict npomouuo HoaeoHie Tpo- 
HHCKoU eojMcmUy Becb »ce Bapo4'b«Ha3Ba4ca BeaeTamaS. 

EcjB 6b] p He 6buo CBa4'bTejbCTBa Crpadoaa Hapo4BOM'b 
npe4aBia BeaeTOB-b A4piaTBqeeRaxii, 00 ROTopoMy oaa BbiB04a- 
Au ce6to aai* Ilad^^aroHia , to a Tor4a mm ae airfeja 6bi aaRBRoro 
opasa coMB'^BaTbCfl wh Hapodnocmu aroro npe4aHiH, tbr^ Ras'b 
flM'ikeii'b nepe4'b C06010 cJOBa T. JaBi^, asx ROTopuxi aecbua acao 
OTRpbiaaeTCAy ^to hb oa'b cam*, aa bbrto as'b ero coBpeMeaaaROBii 



1. T. Lit. 1, 1. a Jam primum omnium satis constat Troja capta in ceteros aae- . 
▼Uam eue Trojanos; daobas Aeneae Anterorique, et relusti Jure bo«pitij, et quia pa- 
CIS reddendaeqae Helenae semper anctores faerant, omne jus belli AchiTOs absti> 
nuisse. Casibus deinde Tariis Anteoorem cum multitudine Henetum, qui seditioue ex 
Paphlagonia pulsis et sedes et ducem rege Pylaemene ad Trojam amisso, quaerebaat, 
veuisse in intimum maris Hadriatici sinum; Euganeisque qui inter mare Alpesque 
Incolebant, pulsis Henetos Trojanosque eas tenuisse terras:^ at in quern primum 
Bffressi sunt loeum^ Troja voeatur, pagoqu$ inde Trojano iwmen est, gens unlTorsa 
Veneti appeUati». 



O CJABHUAX'B Wh MAJOK A8IH, B^ AOPHR-fi Kh HCnABIH. 171 

He couH'fcBajicii bii ^ocTOBispHodtii BToro Dpe4aHifl. Haane ohi> ne 
cKaaajii 6bi: jam primum omDium s^tis constat. Ecjb 6bi aaRo- 
Hem* TO 6b]jo npeiiaHie ee eapo^Boe, ec4B me to 6bua 6acBH^ Bbi- 
AyMBBBafl yseBbiiiB a RBBxcBBKaiiR, TO Morjio jfl cTaTbCii, HTo npa 
T. •iBBi'fc B 40 aero ae BCTptTBJiocb 6b] Jio^ieK, ROTopbie 6bi bo3* 
BbiCBJB cBofi rojiocB CB ut JbH) o6jB«iaTb B oBpoBeppByTb BenpaB4y 
B JOBCb aToro Maiaia? IIojioacBMT*, T. JbbiS, no mbofbm'b npa^a- 
aaM-B, iie»c4y npoHBMi» no nyacTBy naTpioTaaua a Bapo4Bofi rop* 

40CTB, MOrb 4o6p04yBIB0 B^pBTb 9T0H 6aCB'b, My4p0 CD^OTeflBoS 
XBTpbIMB KBB»CHBKaMB, 04BaR0, eCJB 6bl 6bIJB CReBTBRB (a OBB 

aenpentaBo 40JHCBbi 6bUB 6biTb bx tomii c^yia'fc, ecjia to 6buo 
ae Bapo4Boe npeAaaie)* to Roaeqao npa aajoaceaia btofo npe4aBia 
aaaMeBBTbifi acTopBRi» o6poflBJ'b 6bi Be 04aB'b aaMOR'b aa bbxi», 
6erb coMB'fcBia rfcuii cRop-fee oax bm^j-b 6b] bx'b b'b BB4y, ^wh 
6ojbn]e ntBbi opB4aBa4i» ob'b BTOMy cRaaaaiio. Mex4y-T'6M'b bb- 
lero no4o6Baro ne Baxo4BM'B uhi vh cjobbx-b .iBBifl^ naopoTBB^ 

TOrO, OB'B rOBOpBTb 06^ aTOM'b, RaR'b Abji'h^ BCbMB BSBicTBOirbf 

aecoMfl'IbBBrfcTb ROToparo bc&mb npaanaaa. Ho ae 04BH'b TOR'b 
paacRaaa .ilBBiii a xapaRTepi* ero aajoHceaifl y6i»c4aioT'b Baci» B'b 
Tort-b, HTo CRaaanie o npoBcxoHC4eBiB BeaeTOBB A4piaTa«i6CRBX'b 
oTb BeneTOB'b Dao^aroacRBXTi ae 6bijio B8o6p'bTeaieM'b nycraro 
TmecjaBia, cHBTaBinaro ^ecTBbiM'b po4CTBo cb TBRBM'b 4peBBBiii'b 
a dBaueaaTUM'b Bapo4osrb, RdROBbi 6biJB BeaeTU DaojaroacRie, 
ae 6b].io Bbi4yMROio yseabixi* b RBBBc^aROB'b, ao 6b] jo ^acTbiMB 
Bapo4BbiiH'b npe4aBieM'b, nepexo4BBn]'BM'b arb noROjiai^ bx no- 
Roj'fcaie, B3^ po4a BB po4'b. 

' Hirb a ae Moacerb 6biTb Bapo4a bt* Mipi, Rofopuft 6bi ae 
BMijx Ror4a jib6o cBoax'b ape4aBifi o nepsoaaqajbBbix'b cbobx'b 
acfljBuiaxB, po4CTBi CBoeu'b cb 4pyrBMB conjeMeBBBRaHB, ecjB 
B'bCjHk4CTBie fcaRBX-b jb6o o6cTOflTejbCTB'b oB'b paajyqajca cb bbmb. 
KojioBBCTb], nepecejieaiib] 40ji3KBbi mu^krh npe4aBifl, coxpaaaioaiifl 
naMBTb od-b Bxx MBTponoJia. OT^ero »ce BeaeTbi A4piaTB«iecRie, 
ROTopue A6opBreBaMB ae 6biJB, ae Mor^ia BM'feTb TaRBxi npeja- 
aifi? Or^ero 4yMaTb, <ito bb 04HB'b b31» aacaTe^efi 4peBBocTB ae 
coxpaBBJ-b 40 Haci* aacTOfliuBX'b bx'b npe4afliii7 San'ikM'b npe4- 
nojaraTb, rto 4peBBie nacaTeja, BM'fecTO Toro, «iTo6bi coo6mBTb 
aam btb BacToamia Bapo4BErifl npe4aBia, Bbi4yvajiB cbob 6acBB? 



172 B. H. aAMAHCRArOf 

Ilepece jeHUbt , RojoHBCTbi se tojbro AOJivo coxpaBHiorB boc- 
QOMBHauiH cBoefi MBTpoaojiiB y HO B CTapaiOTCfl naMflTb Hefi 

JBtROB-feHBTb pa3Hb1UB npfl3HaRaHB, Uaop. 4aiOT'b CTapblfl MiCTHbia 

Haaeauia HOBbiMi» cbobmt» sKBJiBaiaM'b. Ua'B cjios'h JIbbih mm Mor4B 
jHce aaiitTBTb, >ito eme B'b ero BpeMfl bi» o6jacTB BeueTOBi 6bMB 
BaaBanin, HaaoMBHaBiiiifl CTapyio hxt» poABuy — in quern primum 
egressi sunt locum, Troja vocatur, pagoque iude Trojauo Domen est. 
HaaBaaiA MtcTUbiB 4aioTca Hapo40Mi9 a ue yieHbinB, ue rhb- 
xcHBRaMB. EcJB 6bi cRaadHie o QpoBCXo»c4eaifl BeaeTOBii A4piaTB- 
qecRBXi) OT'b BeHeTOB^ IlaojaroucRBX'b 6bUo oycToio, xBacTjB- 
BOK) 6acHeio, BbiMbic^oMi* RHBHCHBROB'b, a He Hapo4BbiMi» ope4a- 

BieBfb, TO HB ROHMX odpaBOM'b B'b o6jaCTB BeHeTOBTi ue llOr^O 6bITb 

H uicTBUXii AaiflTCRBX-b HasBanifi, ue cyuiecTBOBaji> 6bi bo Bpe- 
Meua T. .iHBifl b dTOTi* pagus Trojanus. Ecjb me aro noce^enie b 
ero HaaBanie ue 6b]jo o^eub CTapo4aBBBif'b, to T. •InBiH 6biJi'h Ha 
CTOJitRo yMeu-b h 4o6pocoBtcTeai>, <ito HBKor4a 6bi ae yuoMB- 
uyjii aeMT»; 4«ifl noB'&pRB TKe aTofi CTapo4aBHOCTB oa-b HHi^i* a 
uojuyio B03M0»cH0CTb, RBRx ypoHceueiiii B HCBTejb o6.iacTH Beue- 

TOB*!^, B BCfe no6y»C4eHiB, RaR'b qeJOBtR'b UpOCB'&UieHHblH B Jio6o- 

3HaTejbHbifi. 

4o Hacb 40UIJB 4pyrifl CBB4tTejbCTBa, 40Ra3biBaffouiiii Hapo4- 
HocTb cRaaaHiii o npoHcxoxueHiB BeaeroB'b A4piaTB4ecRHX'b OT-b 
BeaeTOB'b ETaojaroBCRBX-b. 

Taaarb nepe4aeTT> uaifb aecbMa 4K)6onbiTBoe BasicTie o TOM-b, 
qTo B'b ropo4'ik DaTaBia (na4yi), CTOJau-b BeueTOBii, 6biJB oco6biA 
Brpbi, Ry^aqubie 6oh — ludi caestici, Hanaro a ycTpoiiCTBo ro- 
Topbixi» 6buo npaoBCbiBaeMO AaTuaopy. Idem Thrasea Patdvii^ 
unde ortus erat, ludis cetisticis^ (i Trojano AnUnore institutis^ habita 
tragico cecinerat. (Ann. XVI, 21). Ha4tiocb, bto B3BtcTie 40bojlho 
y6'l4HTejbHo 40Ra3biBaerb cnpaBe4^BB0CTb cjobi* CTpa6oHa o 
TOMii, ^To BeneTbi A4piaTB<iecRie cbmb ce6fl aadbiaaJH na<i»ja- 
rouaaMH, Bi^pnocTb aamero o6T»flCBeuiii BbimeopBBe4eHHaro ifbcTa 
•iHBia. KaweTCA aaatcTie aTO cnoco6uo y6'&4BTb BCflRaro B'bTOU'b, 
qTo BeaeTbi A4piaTBMecRie coxpaa^JB BocuoMaaaaiA o cbb3b CBoeS 
Cb BeaeTaMH na«»4aroflCRBBiB. 

IIjBBiH, OTJHqaBmificil orpoMnoio aa^iHTaHHocTbio, roaoparb 
Bb 048011% Mlcrfe CBoero odmapaaro Tpy4a: aKaToa-b CBB4%Te4b- 



O C4ABJiHAXli Bli UAJlOft A31U» Vh A^VBK'B B Vh BCOABIB. 173 

CTByeTi», iTo BeaeTbi apoBcxoHCAeaiA TpoHucRaro -^ Venetos 
Trojana stirpe ortos auctor estXato. PHd. Hist. Nat. 3, 19. 23. — 
3tb c40Ba cjyffcarB TaKH^ wh aojibay uap04H0CTfl npe4aBiA o opo- 
HcxoHCAeHiB BeBeTOB-B AApiaTBsecKBXi* oti Oao'jaroBCKBX'B. £c«ab 
6u TO 6bKJ0 Be npe4aBie Bapo4Boe, a npocraa cKaaRa, Bycran 
Bbi4yiiKa XBacTjBBbixi> KBBHCBBKOB'by KaRi> TO yTBepHC4aTb pa3cy- 
^BJB 3a 6jaro UeaccB, rpoTe<i»eB4'b* 4>op6Brepi>, to Koae^iBO Ka- 
TOfl-b saBMCTBOBaji* aTo cB'fc4tBie BeB3i> ycTBaro\ a H3i»nBCbMeB- 
Haro BCTOHBRRa , Basp. aa-b KaKoro BB6y4i> Fpe^iecRaro BacarejA, 
a Bb TaROMi cjyHat Djaaiii ftoaenao ae cocaslacb 6bi aa KaToaa, 
a aa Toro bjb 4pyraro FpenecRaro BacaTe^A, TaRi» rbri* aaMii 
xopomo aafiicTBo, hto erne Co^frOR^-B (488 — 407 — 6 r.4oP. X), 
coBpeMeaaBRi* lIpo40Ta, roBopaji* o Bepecejeaia BeaeTOBi* aaii 
naojaroaia ri* A4piaTa<iecR0My uopio, a b'6ti> aa B03UO»caocTa, 
BB ocaoBaaifl yTBepHC4aTb, 4to bb 04aa'b FpeHecRifi aacaTejb 
Bocj'fe CopoRwia BBRor4a yace ae yBOMaaajii* o6i» dTou'b. KaRi* 6bi 
n^aaifi aa dbij-b C4a6i» bi> RpaTBR'ik, caMa rpoiia4aaH' aasaTaa- 
BocTb ero ae 403B0jaja 6bi euy, ao aoB04y na«frjaroacTBa BeaeTOBi* 
A4piaTa<iecRax'B, ccbuaTbCA aa KaToaa, bo apafiaocTa aa aero 
OABoro, a flpoBTB Mojqaaieu'b T'fcx'b FpeqecRax'b BacaTe^eft, bs'b ro- 
Topbix-b Karoa-b aaaMCTBOBa^'B aTo CBt4taie. CcbURaHcenjaaiiiaa 
04aoro KaToaa cjyacaTB BpiiAibiMi> 40Ra3aTe.AbCTB0U'b Toro, hto 
KaToai* aaancTBOBa^-b sto a3BtcTie o Bbixo4'b BeaeTOBi^ A4piaTa- 
necRBxi* B3'bM. Aaia, o po4CTB']b axii cb BeaeTaMa Ilad^jiaroBCRaMa 
Bea3i>rpe«iecRax'bcp4Baeaiii, ae aat aacbMeaaaro , a as'b ycraaro 



1- Kopaeaitt Uenon roMparb o KaToeik: genex historiag scribere institait, 
qaarom sunt libri septem. Primus continet res gestas regum populi Romanl. Secun- 
das et tertiDS, node quaeqae ciTitas orta stt Italica: ob quam rem omnes Origioes 
Tidetur appeUasse. (JM. P. Cat. Vita o. III). nojoxareJbBO a /locrovbpao aarbdrao, 
«iTo KaTOBii co(5Bpajii ycraua Bapo4BUfl Dpe^aaia BrajiitiieBii: Taxi, oht* (Spaaarb 
.larypiAiieB'b aa to, hto oaa aaHero ae aaaioTib o caoeai* DpoHcxosAeaia. Cepaiil ro- 
Bopar-k: Cato Originam II, cam de Ligoribus loqaeretar: Sed ipsi, onde oriandi sunt 
exacta memoria iliiterati, meodacesque sunt et rera minus meminere (Ser?. A en. 
XI, 715). Cm. Vitae et Fragmenta reterum historicorum Romanorum ; compos uit 
Aug. Kranse. Berolini. IIDCCCXXXIII. p. t08. Cupaajajca jb Karoaii y BeaeTorB — 
node oriundi sunt? OTatqaja jb oaa eay aeaoryaHattcTaoM'b? Saaa cjoaa CrpaOoua* 
■'bcTO .Ambih, aaa-bcrie TauaTa, au y6ta(4eau, hto KaToay ona yxaaaja aa na4» ja- 
roaiK), Majyx) AbIh), xairfc aa nepaoaaHajbayR) caon po^aay — unde oriundi sunt. 
A IljBBiJt aaHi» aojosarejibBO roaopST'b: Venetos Trojana stirpe ortos auctor 
est Cato. 



« 
« 



174 B. H. aAMAHCBArO, 

I - 

BCTOHUHKa, m^ Hapo4Bbixi> ape^aHift caMHXi> BeHeToex, o 6biT- 

HOCTB KOTOpUXl* BaX04flTCA U^HUhkfk^ BOdOHCBTeJbBblfl B BeCOMfliu- 

Bbifl AOKaaaxejibCTBa bi* CTpadoflt, T. 4081^9 TaimrfeV 

1. AeTopit p-binaeTCfl aaiitTHTb: ecjH Ke^bTU, H'^Hma h CjaBflue ae TOJbRo 
MorjH, BO H /lOJSBu 6h\AH 40jro BTb Espon^ coxpaHATb aapo/iBUfl npe4aBifl o boc- 
tobIi, 0611 AsiBt Rarb o nepBOuaqajBoift CBoeft po^aalk, itojbi6ejH; ecJH npa aucejie- 
HiH BX'b Bib Eaponj) 6qa%% mml veate BBa^MTe^baaB ^acTb xasAaro bsi* amxi aejui- 
KBxik Djeueu'b uorJB ocTarbca bi* Asia; ecJH KeJbTU, HtM au, Cjasflue EaponeftcRie 
40.iro oe MorjH yrparBTb cosaaBiB e^BBCTBa CBoero npoBcxo»4eHU cb cbobmh co> 
njeHeBBHRavH, ocTaBmn«i|Cfl bi* Asia; ecjH TaRHM% oOpaaoirb obb 40jro- CTapajHCb 
no BOBMOiKHocTii HO DpepbUBTb cBOBX'b cBomeflilk Cb cBomiB AaittcRBMii tfpaTbaaB; 
ecjH TaRiB CBHSB MorjH 40Jiro Bi» AaittcRBXi b EBpooeiiCRBXii OpaTbaxi* ao44epaMi- 
BaTb, yRptojHTb B ocB^scaTb BOcnouBBaaiB, naMATb h coaaaaie e^BBCTBa axi* o6iiiaro 
npOBCxoiB4eaifl; ecJiB aaKoaem vh raRBx-b aonpocaxi* oTBocBrejbBo KejbroB'b, U^m- 
iieBir ■ CiaBJiBi* atrb aaqero aenoaBOJBTeJbBaro, aeB^poBTRaro, aeJ^naro, 4aRaro 
a 6edpa3cji4Baro , to ae 6^46x11 ah to ace caMoe cb TaKBMB se Bonpocana otbocb- 

TCJbBO TaKl* HaaUBaeHblX'b 4peBHHX'b RjaCCBqeCRBXli Bap040B'b, T. e. rpeROBl* fl PflM- 

jRB'b, ROTopue Toace, no4o6Bo Mja4mBH-b cbobmi* dpaTbuai, Ke^braai, H^Mnaaii ■ 
G^aBflBaafb, apam^H bi Espony aai^ Aaia? HaRoaeocb 0^^476x1 jia BenpeiriiaBO 
p'bSRO a DOJOSBTejbBo yTBeps4aTb, htq wh BaateapBBQ4BMo«'b whcth TaiiBTa co-' 
4epaEBTCii 04Ba TOjbRO xaacTjBB^a, aeatnafl JoiRb, uii aa qeMi».Be ocBOBauaafl? He- 
jbSH Jksi Dpe4no4araTb, hto a^Roropue Bapo4bi llB40-EBpooettcRie apoaaRja mark 
Asia aa R>rb a 8ana4'b EBponu ae BenpeH^aao qepeai* losayR) Pocciio, a BanpaiitpT* 
qepesi 4&p4Rae44u, ■&% BlajoM Aaia, axoro Rjaccnqecaaro aocra iiBBBjaaaiiit, do 
y4aHB0My BbipaKeniio K. PaTxepa? He aorja jb rb HB40-EBponeiiabi, <ito aacejBJH 
HrajiH), npoBBRayTb Bi* Espony aaii Majott Aaia? He aorja jib 6o»i^e bjb aeate 
aaaqBTejbBafl qacTb axi njeaeBa ocTarbCfl bi* Ma^ott Aaia? a t. 4. He cirbA 604^e 
3JoyooTpe6jflTb Tepn^aiea'b qarareja, opaaoacy oO^maaaoe arbcTO TaGtara. Ilpa Tii> 
aepit BBB^HCb Vh Paai* nooJbi AaiilcRie, ambigentes quanam io ciriiale leiopluBi 
statueretur. ttUndecim urbes certabant, pari ambitiooe, yiribus diyersae: neque mul- 
turn dtstaDtia iuter se memorabant, de yetostate generi§, studio in populum Roma- 
num, per bella Persi et Aristonici aliorumque regom. Veram Uypaepeni Tralliaoi- 
que, Laodiceais ac Magnetiboa simul, traoiiasi, ul parum yalidi, Aa ilienses quidemj 
quum parentem urfns Romae Trojam referrent, nisi antiquitatis gloria, pollebant: 
paullam addubi latum, quod Halicarnassii mille et ducentoa per annos nullo motu ter> 
rae nutayisse aedes auai, yiyoque io mxo fondafnenta templi, asseyerayeraot. Perga- 
meoos (eo ipso nitebaotor) aedo Augusto ibi aita satia adeptos credKum. Epbesii Mi- 
lesiique, hi Apollinis, iUi Diauae caerimonia, occupayisse ciyitates yisi. Ita Sardiauos 
inter Smyrnaeosqae deliberatum. Sardiani decretum Etruriae recitavere, ut eontan^ 
guinei: nam tTyrrhenum Lydumque, Atye, rege genitos, ob multitudinem divisiue 
gentem: Lydum patriis in territ retedisse: Tyrrheno datum nova$ ut eonderet »ede$: 
et dMcwm nominibu$ indita vocabula, 'HUm per Asiam^ his in Italia : auctamqus 
adkuc Lydorum opulentiam, missis in Graeciam popuHs^ cut mosr a Pelope nomen». 
Simul literal} imperatorum, et icta oobiscum foedera bello Macedonam, obertateinque 
flaminuiD auorua, tcmperieiB coeli, ac diles circum terras, aiemorabaDU. (Ann. 
IV, LV). 



O CJABBBAXl Bl* UAJOfi ASIH, BX A4>PBK« H BX HCDAUIH. 175 

4o6pocoBicTBoe, cmIio 4yMaTb, paaciioTpiuie 4omeAinBxii ao 
nach 6biAeu b BCTopaHecKHxii chHAbreAhcivh aecoafBlHuo yvb- 
paerb sib TOM'b, qro y BeaeTOB'B A4piaTusecRBX'b cymecTBOBaAB 
H«po4Ubifl ape4aBia, xpaHBBiuiA Bib bxi coBHaHia aaMarb 061* bxt^ 
po4CTB'l cb BeBeraMH na<i».AaroHCKBMH , o6'i> isx-h Bbixo4i b3i» M. 
AbIb. HTo6bi oTpBiiaTb Hapo4BOCTb dTOFO cRaaaaifl b aaapoTBB'b 
Toro yTBepHC4aTb9 hto to 6bija CRa3Ka« 6acaa, Bbi4yaiaBaafl Fpe- 

<ieCKflMB B PflMCKBMB yHeBblMB B KBfl3KBBKaMB, n0406Bafl 6aCBflMl>9 
aymeBBblM'b Wh X04'b BamailB RBBaKHBRaMB 'p04CTBi PiOpBRa Ch 

ABrycTOMii, o Mocoxt a t. d.^ 4411 Toro B0Tpe6yeTCH acRaaaTb 
Bci BCTopaqecRia CBB4'ibTejibCTBa a 6bMB, TOJROBaTb bxi» no abh- 
HOMy 6AaroycMOTpiBiio a 00 coficiBeuBOMy, aa^'ikMii ue cTicaae- 
JiOMy opoBBBOAy, ^ero, ooAaraio, BBRor4a ae no3BOAafi> cTporaa 
RpBTBRa. DocMOTpBifb Teoepb^ cROAbRo noaa4o6BTCfl BCflRaro.po4a 
HaTa3KeRi> a Hejiobix'b npe4AOHceai& 4Aa Toro, 4To6bi opaaaTb dTo 
Cffaaaaie aaBbiAyiiKy 0T4tAbBbix'b abux a 3a 6acaio, npoa3Be4euie 
>locyacefi ^^aaTasia 4peBaBX'b KBBHCflBR0BT>. 

Bo Bpeaeaa Hepoaa 6biAB B'b na4y'ik, wh o6AacTa BeaeTOBi*, 
TBR-b BBBbiBaeMbie ludi caestici. — dxa arpu 6biAB Be4aBBaro bab 
ApeBBaro npoBcxo»c4eaia. Kto aB6y4b aa-b BeaeTOBX BbiqaraA'b y 
Co^ORAB BAB y Kajoua; >ito obb ab apoBcxo4aTX OT-b BeaeTOB'b 
naotAaroBCRBXii, hto apa oepeceAeBia ax-b as'b M. Abib 6bua y 
BBX'b TOBapainaaa Tpoaaubi) y ROTopux'b 6biAi> aaRofi-to Abtb- 
Bopi». BuHBTaBoiB Taaoe AecTBoe asBtcTie o csoeai'b aapoA'fc* Be- 
BeTii ytoT'h coo6jmBA'b ero TOT<iaci> tkb cbobmii BeuAflRaM-b, rt 
ROfleMBo BTOMy oqeab DopaAoaaAacbt a piinBAa bab ycTpoBTb ao- 
Bbifl arpbi (ludi caestici) a necTb axii ycrpoiicTBa npaaacaTb Abtb- 
Bopy, BAB »ce RBRia Ba6y4b 4peBBifl arpbi, ca^a. aapoABbia, 
ORpecTBTb BMeaeMi* ABTBBopoBCRBXi>, flymaS MOA'b axil AHTaaop'b 

ycrpOBAl. HcorABCBABCb TOrAB BCfe BeHBTbl, aa BOOpOC'b'-— R^MIi 

3aBe4eBbi, yama arpu, Bauia ludi caestici, oTBtqaTb-^ Tpoaflueifb 

ABTBB0p0Ml»« TaUBTl* QOTOMy-TO B CRBSB.I'b TBRli yT8ep4aTeAbB0 — 

ludis caestjcis a Trojano Antenore institutis. A M0HceTib6biTbTaixaTi> 

BTO BblAyMBAli BAB BCe RBROil BB6y4b Apyrofi DBCaTeAb, flSX ROTO- 

parooB-b aaBUCTBOBBA-b ato BSBtcrie? npoqaTaAiiTorb aaBicTHyio 
efta3Ry o BeaeTaxi* AApiaTHsecRax'b a 3aRAi04BA'b, hto arpaM'b 
BefleTCHBiii Roro Apyroro a mwbjh CBoairb BBBOBBBROMb a yspe- 



176 



B. U. 4AMAUGKAr0t 



4BTedieMi>» Kasi ae AaTBaopa, — PaaBt ae spattae aejiau arfe 
aTH a ao4o6abifl bmi» opeAoo JoxceaiA , coBepmeHBo o^aaRo ae- 
o6xoABMbiA B aeMBayvfl, ec^a craaeH'b yxsepsKAaTb^ ito y Beae- 
TOBi» A4piaTB<iecKB](L'B BBRorAa ae 6biJ0 aapo^abix'b Bpe4aaiS o6'b 
BXi» poACTst cb BeaeTaaiB Hao^aroacKBMB? 

Bo Bpeua T. .ABBifl bi> o64acTB BeaeTOBi, ero poABat, 6biMa 
KaRaa-aadyAb BBXia, Hoxopyio xaacT^BBbiii xoaaaaii, BbnaraBoiB 
aejiayio cRaaRy o apoacxosKAeaiB BeaeTOBi* aa-b IIa4»jaroaiH , 
aasBa^-b pagus Trojanus. T. JkusiA, caMi» 4o6po4yBiao stpaBniiii 
dTofi CRaaab, apaaea-b^^ B-b B04TBep9K4eaie ea, yRaaaaie aa aiy na- 
Gxayio 4aMy, aa dTO aoMicTbe. IIpe4ao4oxceaie apaiiae aealsBoe, 
a ero aeo6xo4BMO 4ep»caTbca, ecja xoTBM-b yTBepHC4aTb, <ito 
M'bcTBoe aaaBaaie a pagus Trojanus » 6bi40 4aB0 ae aapo40M'b, ko- 
TopbiB 6bi 04aaH0 ae Morb 4aTb raRoro aaaBaaia, ecja 6bi y aero 
ae 6bi4o npe4aaifi o po4CTB'b ero cb BeaeTaua nao^jaroacRBMB. 

Toqao TaRHce C4i4ye'rb npe4ao4oaKBTb, hto IljBaiik, y4ii*- 
BJaiouiiii CBoeio rpoMa4aoio aaqaTaaaocTbio a Tpy404io6ieM'b ua<rb, 
coBpeMeaaBROBii ryM6o4b4TOBi», PflTrepoB'b, FpaMMOB'b, llla4»a- 
pBROBit, Da4auRBX'b, «iTO dTOTb n4Baifi ae iBTajTi Tpare4iB Co- 
<&0R4a aPaapymeaie TpoB»« B'b ROTopoii no cjosaM'b noHTeaaaro 
CTpa6oaa co4epH€BTca raa^e aaatcTie o 8^x04% BeaeroBib A4pia- 
TBHecRBX-b B3'b na«»4aroBiB. Ha40 npe4nojoacBTb, mo nocji'fc 
Co4>oR4a BB 04881* 831* PpeqeGRBX'b nacarejefi ae roBopaj-b o6ii 
aTOMi** a ec4a nocat C6<i»oRja a duju aacaTeja, roBopaauiie 061* 
aTOMii, TO Il4Baifi a bxi> auaqarb ae <iBTa4'b. 3a6biTb c4'fe4aTb 
BbinacRy ' njflaitt iiorb, ao BOBce 8a6b]Tb TBRoe o6cTOATe4b- 
CTBO pimRTeabBO aeBoaaoHcao. Oai» aai* Karoaa B'fc4b ae npa- 
B04BT'b we BbinacRB, a npocTo roBopaT'b: aVenetos Trojana stirpe 
ortos auctor est Cato». 0<ieBB4ao n^auifi ae laraj-b Tpare4iB 
Co<»oK4a aPaapymeaie TpoB»« bb 04Boro aai* 4peBa'feBniBX'b hjb 
no34utfiuiBX'b rpe^iecRaxx CBB4'fexe4bCTB'b , ynoMBBaBniBX'b o Ila- 
^frjaroucTBt BeaeTOBii A4piaTB<iecRRX'b (a 40 aacb ae4ome4- 
mHxi>). 0MeBB4B0 IIjiBaiii no Bcefi 4BTepaTyp'b dToro BonpO'- 
ca aaaj'b 04aoro T04bR0 Karoaa ^ 4a a, ero-To Bpfl4'b 4b hb* 
Tajiy, a ana^'b jamb no aac4biuiRt, b6o toti> RoaesHo ynce 
yaaaaj-b 6bi aa Toro Fpe^ecaaro nacareaa bjb Boo6uife aa 
Torb nacbMeaabift acTonaaRib, aaib ROTopaio oa-b aaaMCTBOBaj'b 



CJABflBAn Vh MAJIOil A810, Wh A^PBKtt H B'b HCnAHia. 177 

9TO cBtAiuie. B'b TasoMi* cjysai QjiiiHiB 6bj ue cfcaaaj^ Tor^a: 
aaclor est Cato. Upe4ao40»eHifl RpaiiHe HeociioBaTeJbHbiA a co* 
aepmeHBo Heo6xo4Baibiii rb tom'b cjyiai, ecjB ae apauaMarb, qro 
KaTOB^, co6BpaB[ai& Bapo4Hbifl ape4aHifl HTajiiiiiee-b u 6pauBBuii& 
J[HrypifiaeBi» aa to, 4to ohb aanero ue DOMUflTi> o CBoeM'B npoac- 
loaKjeuia, <iToKaTOH'b aaaMCTBOBa^'b aro CBi4'fcuie aab acToiaaRa 
ycTuaro, aa'L uapojBbix'b npe^aaiS BeaeTOBi* A4piaTH4ecRBX'b, ro* 
Topue He6bi4B HjiJiBpiiiuaMB, T.e. ape4RaMB HbiHtiQHux'bAj6aB* 
aerbf bo CjaBfloaMB, rbrii to Haace yBB4BM'b. CoajeMeHaaRa Beae- 
TOBb CtBepabtx'bf BeBBTbi A4piaTaqe€Rie aiitjB aapo4HbiA npe4aaifl 
B BocnouBBaaifl.o Ila^jaroaiB, o H. Asia, aaR'b o 4peBuefi cBoeii 
po4BBt^ Ba-b Toro, "ito []po4orb CKaaaji-b, 4To BeaeTbi na<&ja« 
roacRie fibMfl MB4iBabi, erne bobcb ue cji^yerb, <iTo6bi obb 
B 4ticTBBTe4bB0 BMB 6biJB. BeBBTOBTi A4piaTB4ecRax'b Hpo- 
4orb Baaaajii* HajBpifiitaMH, 04BaR0 obb cbmb ce6fl cqaTBja a 
€ji40BaTBJbB0 4'fctteTBaTejbBO 6bi4a conjeueflUBRaMB BeaeTorb 
Da^oaroBCRBX'b , KOTopbie cj'MoBaTe^bao 40j»eBbi 6biTb Taaoro 
ace CiaBBBCKaro opoBCio3K4eBifl , sto a 6e3^ Toro 6bi jo aecbMa 

BipOBTBO. 

34teb B08B0JJII0 ee6t BupaauTb fla4B»4y« 4to npe4J09KeBabie 
MBOio 40BO4bi apoTBBii MBtuifl UeficcB, rpoTe(i»eB4a , 4>op6arepa 
Be jBmeBbi aiaoTopofi cuju a ocaoBaTejbHocTB a <ito e4auooje- 
aeiiBocTb BeaeroBi A4piaTa4ecRax'b a QaojaroBGRax'b 404acBa 
6hnu npBHBMaeMa aa acTaay aecona-fcaByio, QORpaauocTa 4orfcx'b 
flopb, BORa ae 6y4eTb Bpe4CTaBjeB0 4'b4bflbiX'b a ptiuuTejbUbix'b 
Bospaaceaifi BpoTBBi» aaH(ecj'fc4yiouiBX'b oojoaceaiH aamax'b: 

1. CoBpeMeBBBRB UfOAoiB, cquTaBBiaro BeaeToax riaojaroa* 
CKBXi» — Ma4ifiuaMfl, a BeueTOBx A4piaTa<iecRax'b *— HjjupiA- 
aaaa, cj'b40BaTejibBo ribxii a 4pyrax'b auoBjeMeuuBRBMB, cospe- 
MeaaBRu [Ipo40Ta, aaRi* aanp. Coooajx, a bo aceS b'^pobtboctb a 



1. JlKKSoauTao, Tro vh XXIX^HobcjjI^ nmepah^pa lOcTflRiaaa (Dc Praetors 
PaphlagODiae) ciuiaaBO wh c$mow^ aa<ia^: To na9XaYovov ^oc apxaiov re x«l 
ojx dvttvu|iov xa^coTcd^ (xadeoTt^xev Hal.) iXki toooutcv^ ioc xocl airoixCac \uydXvQ 
ixTiiyn^ai^ xal rd Iv T'lTaXoU ouvoixCoai Beveriac^ iv ai< dri xai 'AxuXT)ta iccXi^ tuv 
h\ TTC lo7c£pac ^eyiOTT) xaTcoxtOTai, xal paaiXixiQv TroXXax'.c diairav ^efafjivt). — 
Corpus J aria Cirilis recogooTit et breri annotalione inslraetuiD ddidUO. I.Lod. GolL 
Beck. LipsiM. MDCGCXXXVl. T. II. p, 866. 

TH. 8An. — GI. 12 



178 B. H. JAMABCKArO, 

flpe4niecTBeBHHKB bxi», cwtub rfcx*b ■ 4pyrBX'B BeBerotib — 
e4flHoa.ieBieBu uRaaiB. 

^. CTpa6oH'& npoH3B04B4i 04H0 BpeMii BeHeroBib AApiaTane- 

CKBXT OTh BeHeTOBl> FaJKCRBX-b, ops ^eMli 0B1> OCBOBUSaJCii Be 

TOJibRO aa auajoriu Bo&ee'b b CeniiOHOB'By ho h aa 4pyrBX*b ^aa-* 
ohiJi'b BJB coo6paHceBiaY'b hbm'b ueBaBicTHux'b, BOTopufl yfii- 
9K4a.iB ero bi> e^BHoo jeaieBHocTB BeaeTOBii FaabCKBX'b a AApiaxB- 

neCKBX'B. 

3. €joBa CTpa6oaa Sea nqv ciiiovu|i.eav ae Moryrb Cvoh noHB- 
MaeMbi BBase, KM'b Bnyuieaie apouubKayBUiaro vh aeiii» acejiaaiA 
no4opBaTB 40Btpie R'b npoTBByno40WBOMy MB'baiio, BbiB04BBaieHy 
BeaeroBX A4piaTB'4ecRBX'b aa-b na«aaroaiB, 

4. CTpa6oai» cavb Bnoc4'b4CTBiB opacTaji* rb dToiiy BOC4I4- 
aeMy UHtaiio, aa ocaoBaaia Taaax'b 4t^aabiX'b a eoofipaaaeaia, ro~ 
Topbifl Doabial BMiiOTb a'taaocTb a aaaseaie. 

5; CjoBa CTpa6oaa, aaBtcTia JaBifl, TaunTa, njaaiai aeeo- 
MU'baao 40Ra3biBaiO'rb, ^to y BeaeroBii A4piaTB4ecEBX'b cyuie* 
cTBOBajB Bapo4Bbia npe4aaifl b BOcnoMBaaaiA o Bbixo4i axii aai 
M. AaiB a Daojaroaia. 

Oieab xopomo DOBBMaa bgio BaacaocTb vaRoro BbiB04a ae 
To^bRO 4*ifl aayRB CjaBaacRBXii 4peBao€Tefi, a ae p'^maiocb Teoepb 
yKasbiaaTb aa Tk D0C4t4CTBiflf ROTopua oa'b aeiiBayeMO 404aKeaii 
ocTaBBTb aa C06010 b'b tom-b cjy<Mi'6« ec4B 4'fcBCTBBTe4bao dieacarb 
aa ueMX ae^iatb Taaoii aecoMataaocTB, RaRib to Mai aaaceTca b% 
aacTonmee apeaa. Batcrt €% T'bMT> ae uory 04BaRo y4epacaTbCfl 
OTh aa'bBBJeaiR e4Ba ^a cyeTaaro xce^aaia ycJbixaTb cxporoe, ao 
Bcer4a apaB4BBoe cy3K4eBie cjiaBaaro CBiTa^baaRa a My4paro bo- 
acarafl Hamero, — 40B04axi> cbohxi> bi^ noabsy CjaBaucTBa Be- 
a«^TOBi> na^jaroacRBX'b. Samaiiiafl aojoaceaie dTO, aBTop'b ae paa- 
craaajca cb MyqBTeabUbiMi> . a TpeaoHcabiMii 4Ja apro bocdomb- 
aaaieM'B o cjoaax'b lUad^apBRa, aaaBaamaro 04BaHC4bi BcaRie do- 
BCRB CaaBaa-b B'b na<i»aaroaiB cyeTabiaa a 6e3n J04BbiMB. B'B apo- 
404HceaiB Tpy4a ycnoROBBaao ero 04aaR0 eoaaaaie TBep4oe a ae- 
Ro.ie6BMoe, tto BaaaaTeJbaoe a , 4o6pocoB'ikcTaoe aayqeaie Dpe4- 
cTaBJflBoiHXCfl 4aHHbixi>, GBMo DpuBe^o ero R% aeo6xo4BMOCTa 

BHOBb B04aaTb 3a6b1Tbifi B OCTaBaeBBblfi BOapOCb BOdMOHCHOCTB 

u BipoflTBocTB CjaBaBCRaro flpoBcxoHC4eaifl BeaeToai* na4»4aroa- 



Q UABJIHAX'fc Vh MAJOfi A8IH, ITb A^PHK^ B Vh BCD A BIB. 179 

eRHix. Cji±jiyH)min AaaBbiii a coo6paHfceBifl, A^yrb orb 4pyra ae^ 
aasHCBMbifl, opBBejB ero R'b aroii Heo63(04BMocTn ; 

1. 3aH'fc<iaTejbaoe ifbcTo sKBdaeanBcarejH cb. KjiBveBTa, acao 
B npocTO DOBflMaeMoe, BacraBjaerb ^yiiaTb, hto CjiaBaae Sa^y* 
HaHcRie X — XII b. coxpaaajia CMyrabia aapo^abia npe^aHia o 
TOMX, <iTO CjiaBHBCKia nocewieaia B'b M. Aaia VII — VIII b. ae 
uepRbifl noce«ieaia GjiaBflB'b B-b M. Aaia, «ito aaopoTBB'b aa 40Jro 
io BBX'b, Ror4a-To BX ci4o3 4peBB0CTB9 acBjifl yace bi* aefl axi 
npe^RB. KflaaeooBcaTe^b cb. K^iBMeaTa^ rbri* 'BB 4peBaia 3kb« 
jBina Cjaaaa'b yaaaaj'b sa BaeBBiio, oRpecTBoeTa Bpyccu h 
OjHMaa. 

2. Bi* 4peBBefi Baeaaia aaxoaBdiacb 4Ba ropo4a Keo^ a A^^ua- 
aa (xcarejiB Keavo('), aaaBaaia apaMo yRaabiBaioaiifl aa TaKia ace 
CjaBflBCRia BaaBaaia. Oaa jeacaja B'b rftx'b ace caMbix'b m'6ct- 
BocTBX'b, rsi aaxo4BjflCb GjaBaBCRia aocejeaia ae To^bRO B'b 
XVII — XIX B., BO B Bii VII -^ Vill a B'b cji'64. B^Ra. 

3. B'B 4peBBefi IIa<»jaroBia, aa 6epery MopcROM'bt Baxo4B4acb 
atcTROCTb Za^opov, Zdrfti^dj Zacoria, ZdyQ^tiy BaaoMaaaiomia 
jio6BMoe M'ibcTBoe G^aBaacRoe aaaBaaie — 3atopa. 

4. Dpa coBpeueflaoifb cocToaaia Bayaa, aecbMa, aaacerca, 
noBBTBbi fl aaaoBBbi BonpocM — coxpaaajtacb jib y Cjaaaa-b 
Rasie aB6y4b cj'b4bi Bapo4BbiX'b Dpe4aflifi a BocaoMBaaBitt oG-b 
Aain, Raai* o 4peBflifiniett axi* Dpapo4aB'b? npa BbiceaeBiB aa^ 
A^in CjiBBflacRaro DJeMeaa bi> Eapoay, ae ocraiacb jb 6ojie b^b 
Meate 3Ba«iBTe4bBaa ero <iacTb Kh AaiB? npa bo3mo»cboctb bibb* 
cTOfloiee BpeMa 4BoaRaro ptoeaia aroro Boapoca, b-b ejy'ia'b ot- 
rtra oojioacBTe^baaro ae cjt4yerb jb yTBepac4aTb, hto paajiy- 
<ieBflbie coDjeMeBBBRB 4o^ro ae Morja yrpaTBTb coaflaaia e4BH- 
cna cBoero apoacxoaueaia a* noTOMy cTapa4flCb ae apepuBaTb 
€BOBxi> CBaaeft. 

5. PaacMOTp'^Bib, no aM'^aniBMca B'b pacnopnaceaia aameirb 
AaHBburb B CBJBM'b, cy4b6y CjfaBaacRax'b aocejeaifi B'b M. Aaia 
Cb VII B. 00 aacToamee Bpena BRjioiBTejibBo, mm npauijia r-b 
Toay aaR^ioqeaiio « tto bo ace bto Bpeiia GJaBaacaaa eTBxia 4itt- 

CTBOBBJia TBItf-b fleflpepblBBO. 

6. CBt4'6Bia aaoia o Tix'b nyTax-b, RoropbiMa npoBBRaja Gjia-^ 
Base B'b M. Aaiio rb aTorb nocj'fc4Bifl nep]04'b« Bib caaaa cb bb- 



180 B. H. JiAMAHCKArO, 

BtcriflMfl o iKHjHuiaTi'B CjaBflox itb Eeponi a g% rtKoropMm 
BCTopRiecRHMH coodpaaKesiflUB apBBejB aacB Kh Tony 3aRjiR>«ie- 
BiK), HTO BX BacTOBOiee BpeMB BtrB BBBaRoft BoaMOHCflocTH yica- 
aaTb Ba speMa/ sor/ia Boepabie cra^H npoBBsarb GaaBaae Vh H. 

7. Ilocj'l/iflee aaKJioneiiie oTOM'b, sto sepBoe noflBJeHie Cia- 
BBU'b Bi> M. AaiB, qro uaabiaaeTca, repBercfl bo MpaRi BtROBTBt 
T^M-b 6o4^e BtpoBTRo, qTO 6ojie ajb Meate aaa^iBTejbaafl nacTb 
CjiaBBBi), apa BbicejeaiR aroro njeMeaa BitEBpoay, MorjaocTaTb- 
ca na BOCTOR'b a Baocji'is4CTBia noaaaTbca bi M. Aaia. IlaMBTb a 
BOcnoMBBaaifl o e4aBCTBfe npoacxosRAefiia o<ieab .lerRo iior.ia boa- 
4ep»cHBaTb GBOuieBifl CAasflH'b EBpoaeMcRax'b ch H. AaiScRBMa. 

8. KaRii BR CM^AO BocAiAaee BpoAnoAoiKeaie , xotb wh aeirb 
aisTii BRqero aeBipoATaaro, oabbro obo aaxoABTb ce6'fc oapaaAaaie 
B-b nepBUXx Tpexi* noAOSKeaiax'b — wh aaacBOM'b Micrfc Rparaaro 
HCHTiB cb. KABMeBTa^ Bi» MicTabixx co6cTBeBBb]X'b aaBBaaiax'b — 

9. ^onycTRB^ OAaaHCAbi BoauoacaocTb Apeeaax'b oocejenifi 
CAaBBHTi B-b M. AaiBf RafiAfl ^acro GAaBABCRRMii aaaaaaie oabob 
MiiCTHOCTB Vh Ila^AaroBiR, aBTopi> yace ae aorx ae scDOMBBTb, 
«iTo Bi* na<»AaroBiB aaApeBAO hcbaii Raaofi-To aapoAi** aaauBaa- 
uiiiica TefleTbi , Beaerbi ; vro noAii aTBM'b ooc.i'bABBM'b BaaaaaieM-b 
cAbiAB GjaBflae a-b EspoBt; qro y»ce aa AOjro ao aacb CypoBeii- 
Rifi, yqeabifi aecbMa aaM't^tareAbabift (aoToparo UlaMipaR'b aa- 

^tfiBaerb (irAy6oROMbieAeaabiM'b,ocTopoBCBbiM'b aacA'feAOBaTeAeM'bv), 
c^nraj'b BeaeToax na^AaroacRBXi* CAaaBBaMB. 

TaRRMi>-T0 nyiea-b npameAir aBTop-b rii Beo6xoABMOCTa caoaa 
DOABBTb Bdnpocb o QpoBcxoBfiAeBiH BeaeTOBTi Da^AaroBCKBX'b. 
Obii Be MOBcerb ae npaaaaTbCB, ito BpacryaaAX rii Bevy ae deaii 
TflBseAaro Myacraa, ROTopoe ae MomeTh ae coopoaoacAaTb BraRaro 
aacAiAoaaTeAB , BCTyoaiomaro naorAa bo mbctoS aeo6xoAaMOt*TB 
B-b TeMBbiflf eABB ocBisuiaeMbia o6AaGTB BiAiaia. CRop6aoe syacTBO 
6e3'bRcx0AB0CTR B 6eaBA0AB0CTa opeAapBBBiiaeMaro BM'bAiAa co- 
Bepmeaao BM-b obaba'^io, rbr^ TOAbRO BCBOMBaAX oa-b caobb yse- 
Baro« ROToparo oai* aaacerAa H36paA'b CBoauik pyROBOAareAeM'b, 
cAoaa nia^apaaa o tomi*, sto b^ aay "leaia GAaBBBCRaxx ApeBHocrelt 
aaAO AOBOAbCTBOSaTbCA aeMABMB MeacAy KapoaTaMB a BaATittcRBii'b 



UABflBAX'B Bli MAJOfi A31B, Wh AOPBK'B H Bl BCQAHIH. 181 

liopeirb. ffdro Heo6'i»flTUoe D04e, 6oj[bnieiO lacTilo no ch) nopy ue- 
ooUToe, oxcB4aerb pyRB opajeHCHaro b oouTHaro AbjieaeAH. Bcn- 
Koe-ace npoTBBynojoHCHoe Tony aaHBTie, ycBjaaaiouieecfl oTUCKaTb 
Cdia8flHT» B'b npo^BSi* crpaaaxii h 4aBBoapoTeKaiBX'b BiKaxi*, b-b 
KOB^erib Hoa, bi. Hh^ib, na4»4aroHiB, BpaRiB, Fajjia, GKaeiB 
npe^'b B aa HMaycoMx, b t. d., ocraaeTCfl HaacerAa cyeTUbiM-b b 
6e3DJiOABbiii'b. TasoBO ysKe cboSctbo 4e40Bi<iecRaro yMa, >itu oh-b, 
40CTBriDfl BepiDBBbi CBOBXii njaMeflBbiX'B »cejaHitt, cTpeMBTCH eiue 
Ri do'Jbmeuy. A aoTouy, o^eab Moskerx 6fiiTb, ito MHorie b3- 
CJ'fc40BaTe4B, Be40B0JbBMe dTBMB npe4'ik4aMfl BpeMCBB fl npocTpaa- 
cTBa, Haaaa^ieaBbiMB rbmb GjaBaacRBM-b 4peBB0CTaM'b, 6y4yT'b Bce 
ABjAe B 4a4'fee CTpeuBTbca a acRaTb CjaBaaii TaMi», ta^ bxi ae 
6biBa40. Ho 6jaropa8yMabi& B3C4'fc40BaTe4b, BaBtmaBaiomifi ace 
6e3i> yBje^ieaifl a aadaeaia CBoefi odaaaaaocTB, 404HceB'B o6pa- 
oiaTbCfl R'b HayRBAfb n jo40TBopabiM'b , a ae roaaTbca aa aesoa- 

M0SRab]Ml»». 

HaTarejb, noaaikiaioaiifi bcio a'bay aroro My4paro coa-bTa^ ao- 
B^bparb aauiymeiiy ara CTpoRa, ecja oa-b CRaaceT'b, ^to ae pas'b 
owh RB4aj'b GBOiO pa6oTy... Ho aaaa, €^04808 cropoau, ^to bch- 
Koe OTpaqaaie ecTb Buicrb cb Tiirb a yTBepHC4eaie , ch 4pyrofi 
me cTopoBbi no€TaBaBi» €e6t aa apaBBJo aBRor4a a aa^iero ae 
yTBepac4aTb Bo^oacaTejbao, deai* acauxx aa to 40B040BXt asTop'b 
Dpe4ao<ie Ji> Tflacejibifi nyTb a3Cj'fe40Baaia , b6o HMi^-b ape4'b co- 
6010 — Maiaie tjy^OKOMbieMHHOio u ocmopojtcHato CypoaeaRaro, 
BB^ibBmaro CjaBaai* bi* Beaexax'b naojaroacRaxi* a Biabaie Qla- 
4»apaRa, ae BB4Hmaro B-b aax'b C^aBHai* a 06'bacaaiouiaro cxo4- 
CTBo BMea'b cjyiaflflocTbio. He p^maacb noBTopHTb CypoBeiiRaro, 
anTopii ae cirfcwi'b 04aaR0 a cor^acarbcfl cb UJad^apaRoirb , a6o 
cHBTaa CBOfl aojOHceaia (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9) cDpaBe44BBbiMB, 
OB-b 6bi4'b yaipea'b, «ito b^ aacTOfloiee apeHa IHa^apRR'b ae CRa* 
3a JT* 6bi9^ <1T0 T'b, ROTopbie CHBTaiOTb BeaeTOB'b Da^jaroacRBX'b 
CaaBflaaMa, ocaoBbiaaiOTca bii dTOifb cjyqat aa 04801111 cxo4ctb1s 
Bueaii, ROTopoe mofao 6biTb cjy^aSao. Coodpaasaa cbob ao^osKe- 
sifl (Tb MB-feaieMii CypoBeuRaro, aBTop'b apamejii» R'b Tony sbrjiio- 
^leaifo, mo oao ae co4epacBrb vb ce6i aa^iero aejiaaro, cTpaa- 
flaro n 6e3paacy4Rar0t ^to BanpoTBBrb Toro oko ropa340 B'fcpoaT^ 
aie, rb aacroamee ao Rpaftaocra Bpeiift, aeace^a naiaie IIIa<fra- 



188 8. H. aAMAiiCKArO, 

pBKa, KOTOpblft 04Ua»MM* BbipadHJCIl 6blTHOCTB CjaBIIHl> irb Ua- 

^jarouiB, Karb o thctoh aeBodiioacHOCTa a o KpaHueft aejiiaocTH. 
TaRBM'b o6pa3oiii» lUa^apaBii Sbij-b cflpaneA^BBie, rb 4pyroi 
pan, Ror4a cKaaaa-b: «Ec4u AApiaTBsecKie BeBeru, Ila^aaroB- 
CRie FeBeTbi, AjM>oificKie BaB^ejaRB b ApMopiftcaie Beaerbi 6ujiB 
^Ai&cTBBTejboo BapoAbi D^eMeflB BBBACRaro BJB CiaBiiBCBarD 
(rbrti to mohcbo opeAOOAaraTb no BtROTopbuii> AaBBUii'b), to mu 
ci paAOcriio AaABM-b bni> mIcto bii CBflTBJami apeASOBi aamax'b; 
ecAB Hce, aaBpoTBBX, ae 6bijBy ecAB aoahcbo bobco OTRaBBTbea 

OTb CX04CTBa Cl» BBMB B o6paTBTb€a R'bCBOBM'bCOaAeiieBBBBairbJi,.. 

IIoAoaceaiA aBTopa KaaceTCn B'fccROAbRo yBOAB^BAB sbcao rfcxii 
Aaaflbix'b, 00 KOTopuM-b mohcbo 0pe400AaraTb o CAaBaacson 
apoBcxoac4eBia BeaeroB-b Ila^AaroaeRBX'bv a BM'fecrfe crh DocutA- 
BBMB CAOBBMB IIIa4»apBRa y&hAHJiB ero, qTO Dpe4npBaBTbi8 flMi» 
Tpy4'b fiuA-b Be cobcImii 6e3aA04eB'b a cyeTeBi>, ooBpaSaocTB ue 

TBRX, RaRX eCAB 6b] OB^ CTaAl> MCRdTb CABBaB-b, Baop. Vh UbaIh 

BAB Bi R0B>ierii Hob. BaanaTeAbBoe ace pascnoTpiaie caobi Crpa- 
6oaa, tlflBia, TaiiBTa a DAaaia y6'b4BAO ero bi* BoaMoacaocTa 
ORoasaTeAbflo p'&maTb Boapocb o BeBeTax-b Da^AaroBGKBX'b. Obb 
6bUB coDAeMeaHBRaaa BeaeToarb AApiaTBHecRHX'b, HOTopbie caiia 
ce6a DpoB3B04BAa B3i» Da^Aaroahi a aoafo coxpaaaAB o aeii aa- 
poABUA opeAaaia a BocaoMaaaaifl. 

OAaaao Uettccx, rpoTe4»eBAi> « 4>op6Brepii, ocHOBUBaacb aa 
CAoaax'b BpoAOTa ('IXXu^ccjv 'Evsto^ h 196), aaauaaioT'b axx Ba- 
ABpifiaaiia, ae CAaBaaaMa^ a bpeARaaa auB*fcaiBBXi» Aa6aBiieBi». 

AiaBBeprb a CypoaeiiRitt uaabiBaAB ax-b CAaBaaaiia; IIia4»a- 
pBRi aaxoABAii ax'b Mataie B'bpoarBbiM'h. 

HpoAorb* ROToputt Ay40ie aorb aaaTb BeaeTOBi Oa^^Aaroa- 
CRBX'b, aeaceAB A4piaTB4ecRBii> , Ba3MBaAi> aepBbix'b MaAiihiaMB. 
TaRib RBRi cooAeMeaaocTb Ttxi} a Apyraxi* BeaeToaii aecoMaia- 
BO 40Ra3aHB, TO, ecAB B'bpBTb HpoAOTy, BBAo BoBeTOB-b A4piaTa- 
secRRxx npaaaaBaTk aa MHAifiueB'b; CTpa6oBx, yBlpeaBufi bIi ax'b 
eABBODAeaeaBOGTH c% BeaeTaaa FaAbCRBMB a bbah bi> oocAiA- 
BBXii KeAbTOBib, c^iBTaAii oABo BpcMB KeAbTaMB B BeaeTOBi» AApia- 
Ta4ecRBX'b, BopoMea'b coaepmeaao aeocaoBaTeAbao, tbri* RaR-b 

IIOABBifi, O^eBBABO 6aB3RO aBBROMblS B Cb xiMB B Cb ApyrBMB, 

npflMo Bbipaaajca: cBeaeTbi iiaAo otabuiotca oTbKeAbTOBi» apar 



O CMBAHAX-b Vh MilJOH ASM, Wh A^PVR'B Fb HCDAHIB. 183 

namu b ofipasoii'b skhshb, o^uaito roioparii Afyrvm-h asuKOMifW. 
dro CBHii'fcT6J»cTB0 B6Cbiia BaHfiuo BTh Taan* oTHomeaiH, HTo yjia- 
^aerb BCflRyio Mucjb 06% ax'b MHAi&CKOMii DpoilcxoaK4eHiH, ro* 
Topoe BapOTeMi> h 6edrh Toro coBepiDeuHo HeeipoflTuo: an ex'b 
6i>in», HB BCTapifl, rb h^ctbuii Haaeauiff, hb^to ae o6AvmaeTh 
Wh aax-b MB4ittcRaro npo8CXoaK4eHifl. «A R0HeBO4CTB0?» Ho omo 
Tojuso &iBeTaTe«ibao no4TBep3KAaerb acTopuHecKyio BCTaay cKa- 
saaiii o BbixoA'b BeaeroBi A^piaraHecRBX'B b3i> nad^jaroaiRt i'4'b 
Beaeru coGt4fl^B crb aapo^aiiB JMB^ificRBMB — Veneti multuin ex 
morilMis Sarmatarum traxerunt. — H xaR'b HpoAorb oinadca, aa- 
mavh BeaeTOBib Ila^jiaroBCRBXi* — MflAiaiiaMH. IIojKixsuTeJbao 
HoaKHo CRaaaTb, ^to bmb ohb ae 6bUB. Ho HpoAory ropaa^o 
yjlo6Hie b Jierne 6bJ40 saaTb BeaexoBb Da4»jiaroReRBXii, qini* 
A^piaTBsecRBX'b ; ecaa oa*b oinadajcfl OTHocaTeabHo aepBuxii, to 
eoie j^erne Morb oinB6BTbCH oTaocBTe^bao Bo&i'fc4UBX'b ; oT'b Toro- 
TO a BBRoavb o6pa90Brb ae aory cor^iacHTbGfl ci> cj'fc4yiomHaB 
CJOBaMB AOCTOooweaaaro y^eaaro H'ibMeuKaro, IXedcca : aHerodols 
AucloriUit lat . . • hinreichend^ die Veoeter dem benacbbarten Stamme 
am Adriaofer zuxaatelleD und sie far die aussersten lllirier imNord- 
west zu recbneD» (S. 251). yaaaaBi* aa to, 4to eme CaajaKcrb 
(JV B# 40 P. X.) BeaeTOBTb A4piaTB4ecKHXi» 0T4i>4flj'b otii Mjjb- 
piftaearb^ mm ooaBOJBN'b ce6t pacRpbiTb tI^ ao6ya<4eBia h 40- 
B04bi, ROTopbie 3acTaBJjiiorb aac'bae corjauiaibca eb Mataiea'b 
Ileficca, rpoTe<Ma4a a 4>op6arepa aa cH^Tb li4aapu3Ma b«ib Aa- 
6aBB3Ma dxaxik BeaeTOBii, a apuaaaaaTb ax'b aa CjiauAu-b. 

Bmb ax'b o4ao yace aaB04Mrb aa auG^b BH4'bTb bi> aax-b co- 
DjeMeaaflROBii BeaoTOB-b BaaTiilcKax'b , RaRii bsbIctbo, aecoaata- 
HMX'b CaaBaanb. Topro&ia HBTapea-b, KOTopuii Kb bbmii uie..rb 
OTb BeaeTOB'b BajTiacRBx-b, BaBtcxia HecTopa a Boryxaaaa, yRa- 
auBatomia aa 4peBB0CTbCjaBflaeRBX'b aoce^ieaiii Bi^naaaouia, bi> 



1. CM. Scylacis Periplas ex recensione P. Fabricii. Dresdae. MDCCCXLVIII. 

Htrd di KeXrou^ 'EvctoC eloiv C^voc xal icoTafioc 'Hpidavoc iv auToTi;. 'EvTsu^ev 
dk icapaicXovc idTiv iQ(xspac fiia^. Mera dft^£vT)TO\>< e^otv ""loTpoi l^vo^, xalicoTatioc 
*IoTpoc. OuT0€ Tcorafxoc xal tU tov IIovtov (x^ocXXei iv dtaaxeu-j; (0( tU AtyvTCTov. 
DapaTcXouc ^i rijc 'lorpiavuv x^^o^C iQ^Lfpac xal vvxto'c McTa de*IOTpouc At^upvoC 
doiv i^o^.,,, iMTQc dk Aipupvoiic tloiv IXXvpCcov Hw^^ xal TCapoueovoiv oi IXXuptoi 
Vttpa ^ocXfliTTav y*X9^ XaovCac tv)C xaTa Kepxupav -tq^ 'AXxivoou vijjoov (p. 5—6). 



184 •• 11* JAllAHClCArO* 

GBOK) ovepejtt» QOATBepacAaeiibiA iiictHbiHH HMettaHv, a Tasace 
cHomeaifl BeueroBi* A4piaTimecKBxii crb IlaHBOHieio h nepeai Ilaa- 
uoBiio ex BeHexauB EajriiicKHMB — Bce aro MOHcenb cjysxBTb at- 
ROTopbiai'B a0itTBepHC4eBieM'b e4BB0BjieMeBB0CTB Beaerorb A^pia^ 
TBiecRBXi) cb BajriiieiCfliiB : cxoactbo aauRa, eABHCTBo apoac- 
xoaK4euia ofiuRHOBeauu cjyHcarb rjaaa'bliaiBa'b o6jerHeBieM-b m 
BBitDBBXii Me3K4yBapo4abixi> cBonieBitt^ H bi* D034Biiaiee Bpeiifl 
Ubi aaMiiaeMii y CLiaBBB'b Rasoe-To Tarorfcaie 1^ BeBeiuB, aa-^ 
<iero ao4o6aaro ue bb4biix y A46aaaeB%. 4Ba cjiobb Ilpo40Ta 
eme ae 4310x1 aaii'b BBRBRoro opaaa yTBepHC4aTb, <ito A4piaTB<* 
lecRie Beuerbi cay^iaiiao bocbjb to bmb, QOA'b ROTopuai* cjbua 
C JaBBBe B-b EspoB'b. Eleficci* 3a64ysK4a jga, 4yiiafl 884*^X6 paaaasie 
B-b c40Baxi» Yenedi h Veaeti (S. 67 — 68). IIIa^apBRoirb bo.ao^ 
acBxe«ibBo 40Ra8aao« ito axa cjoaa yaoxpediAaacb 6e3pa9jB<iao« 
Hejbaa xaaace ae aaaixBTbt 4x0 aa UeAccx, aa 'tkwb 6o4ie Fpo^ 
Te^eB4'b BJB 4»op6arep'b ae Moraa 6bixb BBoaai ROMaexeaxabiMa 
cy4baMB B'b Bonpocb o xoM'b, aa CROjbRo BeaexcRia aaaBaaia iioryx% 
cayacBXb bi* nojibay b4b npoxaB'b C^aBaaaaaa BeaexoBii A4piaTa- 
^ecRBXTi. Oaaaa axo 4aHce bobc« aeo6paxB4B aaRaaoro BaaaaaiBf 
a aanpacBo ! B-b o64acxa BeaexoBx aaxo4B4acb Gradui (raaaab y 
ARBBjea); aax xoro, <ixo axo ana aaepBue yaoMaaaexca IlaBJOM'b 
lAi^aRoBovb, eme Boace ae C4'fc4yex^, 4Xo6bi oao ae 6bi4o 4peB- 
BBH-b, aoxoMy <ixo 4pyria, ovb 4peBaocxB 40Bie4Biia 40 aaei 
MicxBua aaaBaaiBv xaRme ibcxo CaaBflBCKia: TergesU — xpiirb, 
xpTiHCBQie; Belunum a Bellunum (BeXouvov a BeXXouvov) <— Bejuab 
a Bo4biBb, piRB — Plaois <^ Plave^ auat Piave^ Djasa a op., 
Timavus — xbiiaBbifi (abiat Timavo). Haaoaea'b aejbaa ae oopa- 



1. Cm. Forbiger — Handb. d. alt Geogr. — .Hecrop'b — aHjJiopaK'fc Cio- 
■1»e» ^- ffBopiiB, eve cyrb Cioatee. Uo ■noatx'b me ■penaBftx'b c^a cyxb Cjo- 
whBU no 4yaaeBa, rA'b ecn auae Fropbcaa sevja a BojrapLCKa. Orb rbx-b do- 
B^Bii paaa^omaca no aea.i'b u npoaBamaca aaeau cbobmb, r^ft duLme aa Koropovb 
ii1iCTt....i» Borj laaj-fc — Scribitur enim in Tetustissimis codicibos, quod Pannooia sit 
mater et origo omniam SlaTonicarum uationum. Qla^apBR'b. 4p«bh- S ^^- 0- M'bcr- 
BUB aaaBaflia B'b IlaBBOBiB -* PeUo; Jattfrfia, Aiepva, Tiema; Pathiuu$; Serbinnmy 
2£pPtvov, Serhetiumn Servitium; BwgHvia; Granua; Pelva; BuMtrieim m np. Grpa- 
OoBik roBoparb npo ARBBjea).: ^vcirai i|i.7copciov toi( Tccpl tov 'larpsv r»v 'iXXv- 
pixuv l^vcoi ' xofitCouoi d'ouToi ficv Ttt Ik 5aXaTTi)C4 xat olvov Inx guXtvwv icCtev 
ap|jka|Aa(aic diva^ivrcc^ xeii fXaiov. ixclvai d' avapaico^a , x«l pooojiAaTa xat 
a^pliara (p. 214 )» 



CJABABAl^ Wh MAJOtt AdtS, IX AOFWM B Vh BCDABW. 1 86 

THTb BUBHaBifl fl B8 cji^yiomee ofieTOflTejMrrno : noNbiaib y C^a- 
BaHTh aocTOflBButt aBBTerfc Mopii — ' cHHee; vh •laTHHCROM'b Bce 
flabiirb veneltt^— oaaa^ajTb ro^y6oil, cBBitt mrfcrB (cm. Cjob. Po- 
6epTa CTe4»aBa: color venetua (at ait^egetius lib. 4. de Re Mil. 
cap. 34 extr.) ca^ruleos dicitur, qui color est marinis flactibus si- 
Hiilis...^ Hie color etiam tbalassicus id est marinus dicitur). — 
Orroro^TO b BepTia cbbbx'b b% Pbucromii aapnt BaabiaajBC^ Ke- 
iMfi. Mare VBtietuftty 6biJio Mope cimee; rafn* b oosbiBt cjuaerb 
y CjaBflB-B Mope A4piaTR^eeKoe. — fibime uu BH4iJH, wto 
CTpa6oB'b 4epH€aJca apeHC4e Toro MBlBifl, hto BeaeTbi AjpiaxH- 
^ecsie aomaB ort Fa JbCKB%'B ; bib doc j'bACTBiB obx ocTaaaaTi ero, 
HOTOMy H-io y6'b4BJCfl Bib copaBe4JBBOCTfl Toro Hfl'fcBifl , TTO npo« 
flaB04B4o BXi» B3'b Oa^jBroBiB. 04HaRo GTpa6oBi> c'lBTaj'b ero 
BecbMa BipoBTflbiM'b ; RpoMl TorOf B31 cjioBi». ero' flCBO, mo H 40 
Hero eymecTBOBajo TaRoe MB'baie. 0^eBfl4B0, hto eoie b-b 4peB- 

BOCTB e^lBTBJB BeHeTOBli A4piaTB<ieGRBX'B B TajIbCRBX-b o4Bonje- 
■eBBBRBMB. 

SauiqaTejibRo 9 «rro Ula^apBRi*, coBepoieBRO aeaaBBCBMO 
orb BTBX'b coodpasKenitt , ysKe opBaBaaajii BipoflTHbllll^ C.ia- 
BBBBSirb BeaeroBx PajtbCRaxii^ Ci* CBoett cTopoBbi ae Mory 
Be yRaaatb Ha c4'b4yH}iiiia o6cToirrejbCTBa « ROTopua b'b cBoto 
oHepe4b ao4TBepBC4aiO'rb 4ora4Ry , GypoaeaRaro a ina<i»apaRa, 
BiieflBo, co6cTBeBiJb]fl BMeaa Rsaaeft B'b '4peBHefi BpexaHB (B'b 
V — YI B. BO P. X.): TBR'b Rfla3b CojoMOB-b Bocaaii eine BMeaa 
Vieirie, Viirie^ Quicqueh Guitol^ JVitol; npa.ceM'b aejibaa ae bcoom- 
BBTb a 40Mb]C4a EUaoapBRa o •lerax'b rb FajaiR, ao4TBepHC4ae- 
Maro no BB4BM0iiy aaB^CTHbiM'b 3aMi<iaaieMX TanBTa, — Budie^ 
Biudic^ Budec^ BudeeiuSf Budoix^ Dubric^ Debrok^ Derochf — rb 
Depaofi cBoefi ^opM'b ^bcto CjaaaHCRoe^; HecoMHiBaaa e4BBo- 



1. 4peBB. s 11. 12. 

2. II]a«». 4peBH. g 19. 6. % 11. 11. Hist, de BreUgne, par M. Dam. Paris. 1826. 
I, 64, 81. — Budie^ cm. B'b Xopa. rpsM. KpecBMBpa (ok. i068 r.) — aactom est ia 
Nooa ciTitate his coram testibus Boleslau^, Tepa testis... Budic^ Postelnic testis.» cm. 
y JyiiiB De R. Dalm. et €r. libri sex. Amstelodami. MDGCLXVIII. p. 76. bi» rpaM. 
1069 r. BudeCy Postelnic (ib. p. 77). Cpaa. 4emcR. Zbud u Zbudek; TSKace Eoty^yf^s, 
ByduMup^ B BydueoH. TaaaTi. (Germ. c. XLY): Ergo jam dextro Suerici maris Iit> 
lore Aestyoram gentes aUuwitar; quibas ritos babitasque Suerorum, lingua britan- 
nicae propior. 



'186 B. fl. 4AlfAVCEArO, 

fljieiieHaoen» BeHeTOB^ raafcCKBX*B crb BpnTaiicKHVii Tamce b0;i- 
TBepxcAaerb AwajtRj otii mn^ CjaBflBCROnnb opoBeneoKAeaia : rb 
4peBBe& BpBTaHHiB, BMeflBO Bib odjacTB BeaerovB, Baxo4B4Bct»v 
KaRii OTBpuBaeTCii B3i DyreB, bmb. AHTOBBoa (II bjb IV b.), cji-fc- 

4yi0mifl MicTBOCTB ITb HaaBaBlHMB, BDOJBi o6«IB«iaiOII|BHB CjaBfiB- 

CKoe apoBcxoHC4eBi6 : Delgovkia (=iDelgniUa)^ Sarktoduni\BM.Sar^ 
biodunium) '. TaRBirB o6paaoirfc b cb arofi cropoBbi aaxoABTi* €e6b 
B0OTBepaK4eBie caMO no €e6'b B^poBTBoe DpeADOJOHceBie o Cji9t^ 
BflHCROini apoBc:io»4eBiB BeaeroBib A4piaTB<iecRBX'b \ 

TaRib paaciiijocb vh aBTopk TBHceJoe ^yBCTso deraajeBc- 

HOCTB, BBBtBBBOe BB BCrO eJIOBBMB Qla^MipBRat oABam/un 4aBce 

BasBaBoiaro cyeTBMirB b 6e3nji04Bbiirb aaBarieii'B bcbroc pa»- 
CMOTptBie Boopoca o BeaeTax'B na<»jiaroBCtfBX'br Ilpa bchohi* 
DOBBMaBiB cjioBi* GTpa6oBa, TaaRTa, njaaia, aejikaa, RasKeTCH, 
Be yTBepsR^BTb, «ito eABBOBieaeRBocTb BeHeroBib A^piaTBiecRBX'b 
B Da^jiaroBCRBxii 0R0fl<iaTeJbB0, raR'b cRaaaTb, Dpio6p'fcTeBa jjb 
BayRB; no4TBep9K4afl GjasBHCTBO BeaeroB'b DaotJiaroBCRflX'b, otia 
Vh cBOH> oiepe^b pasdBBaerb cOMBisBia r BeytoyBrkaia oTaocarejib- 
Ro Bonpoca o&b A46aBB3M'fc BeaeroBi AitpiaTBHecRRx^. KaRi» hb 
j&bmMfiWh namyfiiifi 0tb cTpoRa Bib capaae^JiBBOCTB cbobxii bm- 
BOAOB'Bf 04BaRo BbicoRoe yaaBceaie R'b ae^RROMy BaioeMy yneaoHy, 

04B0ii B81» 6jeCTaiIlRX'b COBp^MeBBblX'b 3BaMeBBT0CTe& BCerO BB- 



1. liononi. hutorica Britannica or Materials for the history of Britain from the 
ettiiest Period to the end of the reign of Itiog Henry VII. Published by command 
of her Mi^jesty. IfDCCCXLVIII (p. XX— XXII). Cute) ne corjaoBTbCA ch aesatfaen- 
BUMi nia«apHKon, BaM^TnammrB, hto <inoa4H^mia oocejeaia GjaaABCKBXi Bene- 
TOB'fc B-fc BaraaiB a EpaTaaia ae aiitioni aaKaKotl causa c% araaa ApeaHaiia Beae- 
TaMBv. Beaeni TuBCRie, no cBa4ftTejbCTBy lOiia Iteaapa*. 6uja oTJa<iaue aopaKa, 
cjrM. Hvbjfl BOjrayn BosaoamocTb aaxoimiica wh muwurh cBOneaiax^b c% BeaeraaM 
BajTiicKHaa. 06o Bcev'fc aroa'b a 6jAy BnpoHea'b aii1»Tb cjy^iail roBoparb no4po6BO 
wh oco6oa'b aacjijiOBaaia o Cjaaaaax'b wrh Aarjiia. 

2. •lR>6onbiTao, hto BToro aataia Aepxajacb eme B'b crapaay ae tcibro Cja- 
BBBe, BO a caaa, aaaceTca, Beaeaiaanu. Taaii bi* npeAacJoaia rt aa4aaiio 4-'yroaia 
(1616 r.), nocBameBHOMi* Beaeii. >loacy: «Principem Historiae SlayicaeBIagossam ro- 
bia, o qua sol habitabilea iUoatrat terras, maximi et liberrimi omnium aetatum orbis 
terrarum, Yeneti adfero et qnod ejusdem Yenetae gentis et generis pars magna estia; 
nam majores restri ex Paphlagonia ad TimaTum iilyricum amnem nostro SlaTico 
sangnini permixti nnam ex doabus gentibns fecere, et quod maximum et liberrimum 
biatoricomm non niai apad maximoa el liberr imoa locem aspicere deiieat*. ele. 



O ClABflHAX% Wh mA40i A8UI, n AMOK'S H Bl» BCDAHIH. i Wt 

mero lueiieHH, ae ao8Bo.AiieTB eiiy paacraTbCA cb BODpocaMH, — 
A^McTBMTejfcBO jh paaeMOTptnie aoopoca o GjaBflHCKou'B apo- 
BcxoaKAeaiii BeoeTOBii na^uaroHCKiiX'B a B'b eacTOAmee epeiffl bii 
rjasax'B lIla^apsRa ecTb aaaATie cyeraoe a 6e3D40ABoe , a 4To 
BoaaTb GaaBfla'b b-b na4»4aroaiB Bce 04ao« hto acaaTb C jaBaaii B'b 
BB4ia« B'B ROB^eHb Hoa/— - BoapocB o npoac%oac4eaia BeaeTOB'b 
A4piaTa4ecRBX'b ocxaerca aa a aoBuai B'b ero Haibaia aDpe4Me- 
TOM-b B'biabix'b ra4aai& a caopoBi* yseaux-b aauiAOBaTejieMto — 
ji^ficTBaTeJbBo «ia, hto a wh aacToaoiee apeiia Beaeraarb Apaopiii- 
CRHM'by A4piaTa*iecKBirb a na^jaroacKavii ae piaiaerca IIJa«i^a* 
paK'b 4aTb DOAo^aioniee wbcjo vh acBATaJBOii apeAKOB-b ua- 
nuix'b?». ys'lkpeaaocTb aBTopa, 6biTb MOweTb Koaenao aaapaciiaa, 

B'b B'fcpaOCTB a CBpaBeA«BBOCTB CBOaX'b BblBOAOB'b, B Cro TOAROSa* 

Bie, Koaesao 6biTb uoHcerb ouia6o^aoe, CAOB-b IIIa4»apaKa (b h 113- 
Aaaifl RpaTRaro Simia cb. KAaaeaTa — pro- svoa aevsedaost a 
▼zacBOst* nemine ndcterych mist velikou v historii dnleiilosl)^ iie 
ABiOTb eny npaaa aa CM'klo a pisRO OTBinarb aa ara bo- 

OpOCbl BOAOSKBTOAbBO , BB AyMBTb COBepiDeBBOfi 6e8DA04lJOCTa 

BacTofluiaro aacAdbAOBaaia o CAaBaaax'b B'b MaAoft Aaia , ec ih a 
ae OTBocBTeAbBO Aaaaux'b a coodpaaceaiS, B'b aeu'b opoAAoaKeH* 

BblX'b, TO XOTb OTBOCBTeAbBO B0a6yHCAeBabIX'b Bb BeMl* BO<- 

opocoB'b, ROTopbie B MoryTb a |^aace RaaceTca aoabcbu Bbi- 

3BaTb« KaR^ Wh PyCCHOB, TBRb B "B'b 4pyraXb CAaBaaCRBX-b Afl- 

TeparypaxXy BOBbix'b, aecpaBaeaao coocodatHmax'b AtHieAeii, 
Obb« 6e3b coMB'tflia ae Tepaa aa'b BB4y o6meB acTopia CAaBaa- 
eKofi CTBXIB B'b MaAoii Aaia, opeaMyuiecTBeaao oAaaao o6paTaTb 
GBoe BaaMaaie aa 0T4iAbabie ea aepioAbi b aa lacTBue, Becbaa 
BaasBbie a fleo6xo4aMbie ea Bonpocbi a 3a4aHa. HcAbsa Raacexca 
Be oTifbTBTb Bb BCTopia CAaBABCRofi CTBxia vh M. Aaia aicROAb-* 
so BecbHA pa3ABHBbixb iiepioAOB'b: aepBufi — cb 4peBH'bfiniHX'b 
apeiieab, cb nepaaro o aaxb (BeaeTaxb) aaBtcTia y OMapa, 40 
BOBifiniefi 8B0XB , 40 R. V — VI b. do P. X. , t. e. 40 oepexo4a 
CAaBAB-b «iepea'b 4yaafi. Blsi-h coMa'bBiA, hto axoTb aepabifl 'oe« 
pio4b aa Beer4a ocTaaeTca TeMBUMb; o4BaRo aeAbaa b ae aa- 
4'feATbGA, HTO CO BpeMeaeMb, nocA'b TmaTeAbBbiX'b poabicRaaiii a 
aoBbixii OTRpbiTiB , fl^ROTopbiA AABBbiA , BAMeRB B coodpaHceaia 
Bb coGToaaia dy4yTb B-fccaoAbKo paacikaTb arorb BepBodbiTButt 



188 B. H. JAMAHGRArOy 

upaiCB B BCRpbiTb B'bcROJibRo Tafiflii. TaRib, RaHceTCfl, erne neAhsm 
6e3y(MOBUO 40BtpaTb CAOBAWh CTpa6oua o TOM'b, «iTo rb ero Bpeif fl 
(I 8. 00 p. X.) yme cOBepmeHBO nc^ieajB BeBexbi s-b Ila^jarouia. 
34'bcb npe4CTaBjaiOTCfl B3ca'640BaTe4iO Cdi'b4yioaiie rjiaBH*bfiiDie 
Bonpocbi B 3a4aMB: copaBe4JiflBO jib, mo CjasiiHe, no BhieeAemm 

CBOeMli B'b EBpOOy, 40JHCBbl 6bUB 40JrO COXpaBflTb BOCnOMBUaHlJi 

B Dpe4aBifl o6'h Asia, RaRi» o CBoefi npapo4BH'6? a HyBCTBoaaTb 
Ri» Befi RdROe-To Bje<ieflie bjb CTpetfaeaie, ROtopoe HenpeMtaiio 
aacTaejiBJO ax'b asbicRBBaTb cpe4CTBa 4JH CBoero y40BjeTBopeHiii7 
^AR nojaifimaro a ocAoBarejibBtfttDaro pascMoTpliHia yacBeBia 
dTBX'b BODpocoBib aoTpe6yiOTGfl, cirbio 4yMaTb4 aecbMa ao4po6Bi»iA 
a TOiBbifl BabicRaaia ae TOJbRo B'b o6jacTB CjiaBaBCRBXii, bo b 
Ke^ibTCBBti, repMaBCRBXT», 4aH<e rpe«tecRBX'b hPbmckrxIi 4peBflo* 
CTeii; 4.1H auajioria aaAo 6y4eTi> BunRByTb a B'b no34Bi&uiia bctO'* 
panecRa asB'fccTBbifl oepecejeBia Bapo40B'b, mto oco6eBBO Beo6xo^ 
4HM0 00 cjii4yiooieMy Boppocy: cnpaBe4JaBo ^la, «o 6oA'ke hab 
ueaie 3Ba<iaTejbBaa <iacTb ojeueBB CdiaBaacRaro, npa Bbice^eHiB 
CBoeMii B'b Eapony, Morja ocraTbca B'b Asia, b, ocTaBmacb« ae iior.ia 
yace, Taa'b cRa3aTb, ae npBTaraBaTb R'b €66*^ cBoax'b EBpoaettcRBx-b 
6paTbeB%, ROTopbie B'b cboio o«iepe4b e4Ba Am a 6esi> Toro uorja se 
CTpeMBTbca aa boctori»? TaRace GJ'64yerb, Raacetca, coo6pa3BTb 
Bcb aaqajEHbia cB%4'bBia o Beaerax'b B'b Ilaa^jaroaiB cb acTopieio 
M. A3iB B0o6aie^ a pascMOTp'feTb no4po6B'&e Boaporb o 40CTynBo- 
CTB Mepaaro Mopa, KaBica3a aBpaKia 4^iaCjaBaui>ERponeHcRax'b 
Bi» 4peBB0CTa. TaRace Bejbsa, RaHceTca, Beno4uaTb caoBa Bonpoca 
TOMi), B'bRaRofi aueaao CTeneua aacJiyacBBaeT'b Bl^poaxia crpaa- 
Boe a 40BOdibflo 3ara4o«iBoe a3BicTie IIpyccRaro xtTonacaa .lyRB 
4aBB4a9 HAB ^yime enacRona XpncTiaua, ROTopbiK saaMCTBoaaj-b 
ero asi} aaRax'b-To PBMcaax'b saoBCOR'b, coo6meBBbix'b eMy Apo- 
CdiaBOM'b , njoiiRBM'b apodcTOM-b B'b Masosia « adatcTie o nyre- 
mecTBiB B'b uapcTBoaauie ABrycta BaeaacRax'b acrpojoroB'b bi> 
o6jacTb BeBe40Bi> a Ajaa'b B'b .iRBOBiB. Oaa 6biJia yposKeaaaMB 
ropo4a Ca^iypbi B'b Baeaaia (r4'fe Baxo4a4acb ropo4a Keo? Cb hcb- 
Tejaaa Ktavoc', Acpuaaa, a va^^ do CBa4iTeJibCTBy RpaTRaro H(b- 
Tia CB. KjBMeBTa, 4aBB0 Ror4a-TO acBjia CaaBaae). aOTCio4a oepe- 

i. Cm. y rpoTt: Hiitory of Greeoe. Third edition. Loodon. 1851. V. III. Ch. XVI. 



O CJABABAX'B Wh MAXOtt A8IB« Bl» AOPBK'B B Dli RCnAUIH. 189 

DpaBmiDRCb qepen Mope , otiB npacTajB rx nycTUHHOMy Epaio^ 
He BiriuoiueMy aocToiiHHaro BaaaaHia, aoTOMy 4to obi> HaabiBaxca 
TO CapraTieii, to re4U4ofi, ToBaTBHofi. CTpaucTeya TaM'B a caM'b 
no 9Tofi aeMJ'b , obh bo uoraa roBopBTi^ bb cb oahbhx • ^lejoeii- 
ROMi* , ooRa Be opBDiao Kh BBM'b B3i> CapMaTis wbCKOMKO Bbh- 
doae y HdbiH^ Koux^ , xomR ct mpydoM% « oduoKO ece otce HeMNow no- 

BTopoS nepioA'B : ci» VJ-^VII 40 XIV a. — 40 Bja4biMecTBa 
TypeiiKaro. 34'fecb oco6eHBO o6paTaT^ Ba ce6a BBBMaflie: BCTopia 
Majo-AaiMcKBx-b npoBHHaitt Boo6iue, nepexo4bi CjaaaH-B ri> Apa- 
daM'B, oTbicKaBie Apa6cRBXi> cBB4'ikTejbCTB'b oGjaBaaax'BB'b AaiB, 
cBooieRia CaaaaBi* PyccRBX'B b 3a4yHaficRRXi> cb Majoio Asieio. 
KaKi> 6bi Bii 40Ra3aTejbCTB0 Toro , sto eme mbofo noacerb aafi- 

TRTbCB BOBblXl) B3BtCTi& B 4aBBb]Xl> 44a UCTOpiB OTBOBieflifi C«ia- 

BflB-b wb Majoft Asia b'b aTOT'b nepio4'B 9 bosboxbio ce61 yRaaaTb 
Ba C4'i4yioiuee o6cToaTejbCTBO. IIo<iTeBBbifi 4H)6RTejib Cep6cR0& 
cTapBHbi BepROBBib Bauiexii Be TaRi» 4a6B0 wb KpaTOBCROMi* mo~ 
BacTbipt 04BB'b 4io6onbiTBbifi ,naMflTBaRi> oTBocBTejbBo pa34ije^ 
Rifl MOBapxiB^yiBaBa Me»c4y ero BejbMOHcaMB. adro 6o4bmofi jbctb^ 
Ba ROTopoH'b aaqepieao Sapyroai*; b'b Ra»c4oii'b Rpyrt Ba4nBCb». 
Ha BepxBefi hbctb jbctBi b-b TpeTbeifT» Rpyri, ■iBTaeu'b C4t4yf0- 
myio fla4nBCb: nBotdoH'i MSoic)i ucKieni eo eowicmeeHHtixb nompe^ 
6axb odajh rpadb accom e mpoadw^ ^. IIoBbifl'ib, crojbro MB'ib b3- 

1. Hh I^a•^apo1^» (4peBB. g 8. 12),- bh ^ottrrb (Gesch. Preosseng. I, 33. 
623—624) Be OTseprajH tojocjobho Bcero aroro CKasaBiii. HanpoTBBi roro, nepaui, 
coaaauB Bnojsi bcio ero 8ara/ioHBOCTi», B^mkrud'h akrb: adeapaacy/iBO 6u 6uJO 
•OBce oTBepraTb bto cKaaanie, bbkii o6uRBOBeBByio (SacBiov. FoBOpBTb, <ito B'b bb- 
CToamee apeiiB ^ottm nepeMtHHjii> CBoe MatBie ; e4Ba jw 8to ito Ba6yAh 40Ra3u- * 
Baerfc. 34^i> BecbMa jio6onuTBO to ofScToareJbCTBO, iito PaMJaee BBOBBCRie a^ 
eKojBBo noBBHBJH BeB>ioBi>. HeaojfcBo poat^aeTCB Bonpocb: <rb Hero» saiftvb ■ jua 
*iero BujyiiUBaTb 6u jo* IIpyccRBini JtronHciiaM'fc tbijid cTpaaBjio 6acBH>? CiBTBTb 
Bce 8T0 CRaaaaie orb bb^jb 40 soBoa sa iiHCTbitt BUMucej'fc npocro mat RaaceTCB 
BeBosHoacuo. KaR'b 6u bi> no4TBepaideBie no4JOKBocTB eroro BBBicria j-RaauBajB 
4aaie ea bub S^oeAoea (QjoDiRaro npotfcia), Roropoe 6y4T0 6u y IIojBROB'b BBKor4a 

Be yflOTpeOjBJocb. TaRoe MRitBie KpaBBe aeocBOBBTejfcBo: ae roaopa yace 06% Bpo^ 
tJLawk JaccKOM-b, yRaxy aa BSBtcraaro rataaeacRaro apxieoBCRona Jfpocjuua Crot- 
BBiuaro (-)- 1372 r.), 6biBaiaro eme peRTopovb bti Eojiobcromi* yaaBepcBrerb. Bo- 
o6nie BMB 8T0 y lIojaROB'b B'b o6u<ia'fe. 

2. Baa. II 0t4. ARa4. Haya-b. T. Yl. Bun. Y. C.400. ropo4'fc 4oeoRa ecTb bb- 
^To BBoe, RBR-b 4peBBii ropo4'fc Tpoa4u — A$mu9^ 4\ "Aooo^ (Forbiger: Handb. d. alt. 



190 B. a, JAMAHCRArO, 

BtcTBO, eme ne miijiocb HHRaiciix'B cB^A'ibBifi ue to JbRo o C jaBAR- 
CRBxi* BJa^'feBiflXi*, HO B o CjiaBflHCRBX'b uoceJieBinTh wh ^peBiieft 
Tpoa4'6. Kor^a b RaRBirb nyTeM'E opiodp-kTB cefiiCTe^aHX 4yniaH'b 
dTo BjaAieie, CRaaarb renepb rpy^Ho; 6biTb iio»cerb, oho 6bLio 
ycTynjieHo BBaauriiicRHH'B 4Bopoiii» aa RaRyio HB6yAb ycjyry bjb 
aoMomb, ORaaaBHyio Cep6aMB FpeRairby apa MajiyTBHt a ero 
apeeMUBR'6, bjb opB cbmom'b ^ymaai, ROTopbift, TBep^o 3a4yMa8ib 
aaBoeBauie Ilaperpa4a, ae Morb Be oojbaoBarbca B&kun My^iaHMB, 
'6jiaroapiflTCTBOBaBuiBHB arofi aija; a wh aroMi* oraomeuiB /um 
aero, Roae<iHo, 6biJ0 aecuia aaacao airbTb RaavH) BH6y4b T0«iRy 
onopbi Bi> MajoH A^a. 

Tpexifi aepio4'b: wh TypeaRoe Bja4bi«iecTBo 40 aacTOflinaro 
Bpeneaa , Ror4a cb Dpeo6pa3oBaRieai'b a paajosKeBieM'b OrTOHaa- 
cRoii IIopTbi roTOBa aacraTb aoBaa aaoxa wh acTopia OTHomeaii 
CiaBiiH'b Rx Majoft Aaia. FjiaBal^fiBiefo 3a4a«ieiO b'b B3CJt40BaHiB 
aToro iiepioAa Bpe4CTaBjifleTGii ayTemeCTBie bi>M. Aaiio dTBoq)a<»a, 
6jb3Ko aaaRoaaro Cb aabiRaaa TypeaRan-b , rpe<i«cRRM'b a Gja- 

BBBCRBM'b, Ch aijblO BdyHBTb He.TOJbRO BblB-Jb BM'ifOmiACfl Cja- 

BflBCRia DOceJieBifl bx Majofi Aaia , ao a Boo6me xpBcriaacRoe a 
MycydibMaacRoe ea Hace.ieaie, ero aabiRx^'aan'fcBbi, AOMamaiii 6biT'b 
a np.; tbrii rbr'b, 3Haa UHoroMBCJeaHbiji CjaBAHCRia nocejeaiii 
B'b Majoi Aaia , ae T04bR0 bo aropott « ao a bx rperiS Bepio4*B 

Geogr. II, 142 - 143). BiAlusb BMo6eo aairtiTBTb, <ito B'b dasflBcvoirb usurfc oepe- 

xoAi* <f B'b 1^ B V B o6paTBO AOBOJibBo oduieuii; TaRi»: t^tbcmu u eetbemuy t^apa- 
namb m eapanamby HonceMipiH, naneiapby onpueh m onpuHh, najieez b naMChi^ nepnz 
u e«pnv, MtHiio B sbieNO, H^apa b eeapa. Kax-b CaacKpaTCKii B^5Bui SByRi p, npo- 
BcmeiiBiitt OTii asyBa jr, OTBl^qaer-b «iacTO bi> rpe^KCROBit, •larBBCBoa'b, KeJbTCROB%, 
FepMaBCROB-b a CjaB«BCKO»ii BauRax'b SBysy k, rarb roqao b Bayrpa caaoro Cia> 
BBHCxaro aauKa ecxb cjyqaa nepexo^a k vh e m o6paTB0, «ito Bopo^eaii o6jer<iaJocb 
a neptixoiioa'b c bi 14, ^ a ofiparao. Tairb 06a» cj. panains a ponaer^^ dyndytn a dyn- 
t]/c« (tad aiaaioTcii o«ieBb hbcto : d^/i a tun a np.), pvufftun a pvttktcji^ aoaos a 
BAcut'HOj juucouhik a aoc^ doeoEaTh, dypatn^ dffp<ieumb (Ayp^eowJ, KopMawi a eapa 
(4eabra), KeMm a eeA9n%^ OeeBCK. Kype6po ^^ cepeOpo, Terepeai* hocanb a eocanh, 
ue RMucmptbu lUerb (CaaG. C6. Majop. 4* C. 39) ; Cep6cK. aaxMHumu a $aeJioHumu: 

Bor re ajipaao a aHpao bocbo 

Oa Aymaaacae pyve aoKMnuo. 

(G6opB. Byaa. 2-e a34. Ill, 393) ; 
cBbca eve^aatAiejc'cA a refit cjiaaiK n diiaroAapeaaie B'b3<Aaieai»». (Cod. Supr. ed, 
Miklosich. 252, 21). €pBB. BiJaap. co.: KBporaaaB), GBaajaB), Rbbk), Podoxa, 
XawaaB a ap. Tarb a AeeoKb bh. Aeeow* 



O GJABflHAX-fc Wh MAJOtt A81fl, B% A^PBK'B H Bl> RCDAHIB. 19f 

BCTopifl oTaomeaitt C.iv*^'^ ^^ Majofi AaiB (raR'b MaroHen II 
jBejTh aanb Gepfiia a Bocaia orojo 200,000 acarejett a MaowecTBo 
un BBxik DoeejRj*B vh M. Aaia) \ ae^ban ae ape4Doj[araTb, mo 
a DOHbiB'& coxpaaajBcb h^h MaJO^AaificROBrb aacejieaiB 6oAie a jb 
aeate aaasaTejbBbie C4%4bi Bepepo4BBuiBxcA CjaBaaii. Boo6nie, 
KaaxeTCfl, Majaa Aaia aac^yacBBaerb Baaaaaia yqeBbixi>PyccRBxiif 
KaRx all dTBorpa^fl^ecRoirbv taRi a Wh apxeojoraqecROMi* a Aaace 
ai aRoaoMB^iecROM'b oTBomeaiax'B, b6o axa RJaccaqecRaa aeaua^ 
CTOdUk capaaeAJiBBB a aa4aBaa opaBJeRaioiiiaA ri ca6i jM>6oaaa» 
Te4uiux'b y^eaux-b, aai> ^lacja robx'b aaac^bifi PyccRifi Roaeiao 
BCDOMBBTT> ch apH3BaTeJbBocTiio B CBOBxi> aaut^aTejbBbix'b co- 
OTeiecraeaaaRCHrb M. Bpoa^ieaRa a Haxa^eaa , ara RjaccasecRaa 
9eajB, GTCMb TOiATe^bao a^y^iaeuaa aanp. AaraaqaaaMa a vh bb- 
iaxi ToproBbixx, aRoaoMBHecRax-b, Hoxcerb a 4aace jiojacaa bu- 
suBaTb B aa€i» Pyccaax'b aa xaaiA ace CTapaTejbBbiii aabicRaaia, 
b6o aeiiaay4ie 4ajbatfiiDie aama ycoixa aaKaaRaat acTOJb 44A 
Bacb Hcejaaaoe a bo bcbromi» cjy^a'ib Heo6xoAaiioe apaacTBeaaoe 
B coniajbHoe Boapoac4eB]e C jaaaab TypeuRaxi* ace 6ojAe a 6o«ite 
404aKabi c64B»aTb Pocciio b aecb aipb CjaBaacRia cb M. Aaieio. 
Bib 3aR4i0^eaie aejbaa ae aaiiiiTaTb, qro OTaomeaia CaaBaa'b 
Kb IMajoM Aaia a vh Dpoaie4n]«H'b a Bb 6y4ymeMi» — ape4Merb, 
aacjyacaaaioiiiiB BejBKaro Buaaaaifl, Boa6y3K4aioiiiifi uaoacecTBo ca- 
Bbjxb paaaoofipaaaux'b aoapocoaiiy ROTopbie »c4yrb a Tpe6yiOTb 
CBoero paap'b aeaia rjaaaiMme, novra acRjiio<iaTe4bB0, orb Pyc- 
CKBXb a Boo6me Cjasaab. TaRBM'b o6pa30M'bf RaaceTca^ 0HeBfl4aa 
rkaaii a aepaapbiaaaa caaab Bctx'b araxb iiBoroqarjieaflbixb 
BOBpocoBib cb 4Byiifl 4pyrBiiB, aaii Roax'b 04BBb -^ o pacapocrpa- 
aefliB PyccRaro aabina sat npe4'fc40B'b Poccia — cocTaBjaeTX npe4- 
aeTb BocTOABBbixb Hcejaaifi Raac4aro PyccRaro, a 4pyrofi — 06'b 
Bayqeaia GiaBflacRax'b aabiROB'b a aarepaTypb Bb Poccia a o6b 
yacTBeaaoM'b a aaTepaTypaoM'b ea o6uieBia cb HipoBfb Cjaafla- 
cRBBb — B'b rjaaaxx 6ojba]BacTBa o6pa30BaBabixi» PyccRaxb mo^ 
4eft BOBUffb Bpe4CTaB4BeTCfl RaRib 6bi 4'fe40irb aycTUMb, aa- 
TroBCBbiM'b a ae croiomaM'b bohtb aeaaRoro BaBHaaiB. 



i. Zinkeiseo (Job. Wilh.) Gesch. d. Osm. Reiches Id Europa. GoUuu 1855. II, 177* 



1*92 B. B. JAMAaCRArO, 



■ • EcjR H AO uoBMmaro BpeueoB Barnn lOHCHbie e^HHO* 
njeMeHHURH — BocuflKH, MepHoropubi r jpyrie, BM'fecrib ct> Aj- 
6aHaaMH, arpawiH bi» ErnnTt ue ueaHaqaTejbuyio pojib a nojbao- 
BajBCb TaM'B ueuajioBaHCHbiM'b 3Ha<ieHieiii> \ to noHflTBo, «ito Cjia- 
Biine ue mopjib ue BMixb ropaa^o 6jiB3KaHinBXi> cuoineuiH Cb 

1. fHTh HUibcTBui MBWh n7Teaie€TBeaBMKi> E. n. KosajeBCKii vh jK>6onuT- 
■OM-b co^wieBiB cBoem* (ffDyremecnie bo bbjtp* A^pavy*. Cn((. 1849), opa oaacBHiB 
D(yba4RB cBoea aa 4se6ejb-4y<i^ 9 paacKaauBaerfc o Bcrptqt caoeii ci» o^uuirfc 
HepBoropnev-fc, cocTOBBiuaa-b aa cjjacfVb y nama EraneTcaaro. ciBcKopt as'b aa ropu 
KORaaa.iacb Tojna Bca4BBR0B'ii, bi* Goraruxi* Aj6aacKBX'b njarbflx-b; aa hbmh at- 
CKCUftRO HerpoB^ CKOpoxo4»a'fc ; BoepeA* am jiaxax'b aa^aAaaRa, aa npeapacBuxu 
Apa6cKax% jowAMMTh. 3ro fiuji Ocaaai 6ell, aaMajuiaRii Rp^oocra, a Oaapik ara, 
aa'iajfcBBX'fc ApaayroB'b, cocTaajBaiDBX'fc rapaaaoBi B-b Rp'^nocra. Obb OTavej-bja^ 
onycTajRCfc b'l opaaABOcra. TapiiaaoB'b auaapaeTi* aa aojOBHsy bi> roAi* a OKouHa- 
TejbBO m-h 4aa ro4a. Crapue AjGaaQU oo*itm acrb noBusiepja: aaaEerca, Toro a xo- 
Tkio BpaaateJACTBO, noGjaaaiee aiii CK>4a. Oaa <iacTO deanoRoaJua ero ae cjaniaov& 
4ejaRaTai»iMa Tpe6oBaauiaii caoero sajoaaaba. Hoaotfpaaiiu oroBcnAj: bto yare 
AbJiO aaviajbaRROB-b Apaavron-b: ae CTaaerii y eax'b jin4eit, — OTHnayrb ajacTb, a 
cb Bew a Bcajoaaabe. 3a to Qaapi-ara a ae paatepiaB'b aa bi Bbi6op'fe jR)4eii, aa 
wh yooTpe&ieaia q»e4tfTB-b. Tyr-b y aero a Tarapaa'b, 6tataBBiUI Cb Hpyra, a 60c- 
aaR-b, a 4a-ivaTa>M'irb; ryr-b a Cep6'h^ a lepuoropem*, a TypoRi, a Tpea-b, 6o4b- 
maa qacTb 6-feacaBaiie or-b paaabixTi apecj'b40BaBitt aa'b caoero ore^iecTBa bjb co- 
paaBinaxcfl cb Bac^Biibi.' Ho Oaap-b-ara, Tori caault Oaap'b-ara, Roropuik, no cjo- 
BBM'b I]].ie<iepaf B-b npacyTcraia rocreil, aa off1i40M'b, aacrptjaji reaepajib-ry6epea- 
Topa Cy4aaa, no npaRaaaaiK) aane-KopOJiB, Oaapi-ara, poAaanjilirB aa rpaaaium 
Hepiyoropia a AdCaum , coBepmeuubiii ruwh araxi* aeaejb , cpo4CTBeBBbix'b Me«4y 
co6oB> Be n(^04B0My RocTway oCaraTejett, — p'femaTe.ibBbitt, OTaasBull, BecejuJI, 
ae caorpa aa caoe ropbRoe noJoareBie aii btoII nojBTHqecBOII ccbiarfe, Bbinasamnii 
no aiTO«»y bo4Rb aa o6t40M% a no niTo^y aa yxaaoaii, Oaapi-ara saao aanuMaaji'b 
co(SoK» cTapux-b Boax-b npiBTejeft; BBoraii aaaj-b oa-b janao a roaopa^-b 06% aaxi 
Cb yajeHeaie.M'b.... roBopaJi o nerb^ noOparaacTB'fe, o roJuiA yrecaxi caoett CTpa- 
au, o CRyrapa, Roropull aaauBajii CKa4pOM%, aaai a BCb mu aaauaaja ero B'fe- 
Ror4av o BjiMURli, o aainax'b BRcne4aniax'b.... O, aaRoe cMacraaBoe to 6biJO Bpevat 
Tor4a a aft 0bijo 25 4-bTii, a BjaAuafe 4epaoropcRoay 21; TorAa au cm^o crpeaa- 
jBCb R'b ntJB, ca^o B^poaajB vh CjaaaacRoe aaocb, a bto aaocb ca%no cjyacaao 
Baa'b....a (1. II, cTp. 72—73). Bi 4pyroa'b aicTi ynoMBBaer-b asTop'b o6'b u4uoa-b 
0Tpa4li aa'b era npatfjaaaie^bao <iejiorbRi» peryjapaoi a aanioaajbaoil RaBajtepia. 
IIoc4ftABiiB 6bi4a lepaaa , nepaaa — 6^aa , necTptauiaB caBbiaa pasaaoepaaabnai 
BOCTKiBaBB. «Tyrb 6biji> A46aBeirb, Bocbbrii, HepRecb, 3napem>, Typoai, 4epBO- 
ropen'b, Bch wh caoax-b aanioaajbBbix b Bapfl4ax'b, aBor4a 4onojBeaabix'b iipe4Be- 
Taaa nocTopoaaaBa , npanie4n]BBacfl aa'b no BRycy. 9to 6u4a peryjapaaa aaBa- 
jepia». {H. II, c. 14). 



O CIABflHAX'B B'b MAJOfi A3IB, Wh A4>PHR« B Bib HCPARIB. 1 93 

EraoTOM'bt ci» A<»pHROio, bi^ ppeHCHiB speM^ea, 40 B4a4bmecTBi» 
TjpeuKaro h HtMdoiKaro, bo apeHeHa as^Tymaro cocToaBia 4y6^ 
poBBHRa B 4pyrHXx loro-CjiaBflHCKBX'B o6uiHBi> A^piaTiiqepRaro 
ooMopbfl, B 4a9Ke 3a4Ojr0 40 9Toro BpeMeHH, -^ Tor4a wIR, RaRib 
cMi^ue B OTsaHCBbie Hepe>iaBe BaB04BJM cTpaxi) b rpoay ea Bet- 
HeuiaH-B , He ma4B4H h eeoBXi* coDJeMeBHBKOBi> , cj'fe40BaTewibH0 
c*b Hanajia IX 40 Rouaa Xb,; Tor4a 4m, rbri* XopeaTbi eo veoHcer 
CTBOMik cy40Bi> X04B4B Bii Aoyjiiio, Ha ropo4i» CHooHT'fcy K-b 6epe«- 
ratf-b BeHeBeHTCRBiiii> , e4i40BaT64bH0 eme bi> VII b.; Tor4a 4p, 
KBR-b, no CBB4'bTejibCTBy KoHCTaHTHHa Barpauop04Haro, .6biTb wo-* 
acerb HtcROJbRO npeyBejiB«ieHHOMy , qo b-b ocHOB'fc csoeS ppe 
TaRH capaBe44HB0Hy , XopeaTbi HHtjB 40 60,000 rohubui^} b /IO 
100,000 ntxoTbi, 80 Kopa64eii, bi» Ka»c40Mi> no 40 ne^o^'^wiff 

100 r0H404'b BJB 4040R'b Bl> 20 H 10 leJOfitR-b, C4'%A, B'h %f P,{ 

Tor4a .iir RaRi> bx XI, XII h cji4. BtRaxi*, Ror4a nopcRia cu^b} 
•^yopoBBBRa Bce BoapacTajiii, a ToproBun cbb3h pacoi0pB4HCb, r*^ 
Tor4a 4H HaROHeai>, RaRi» ErHneTi* Haxo4H4Cfl fn> ^BtTyul^Ml> co* 
CTOBHiB, B'^jyHujia BpeMeoa rocno4CTBa Ha4'b bb|ii> Apa6oBi>, ro« 
Topbie saBoeaa^H ErHaeTi* oh. 640 r. b ri> ROTopbiafb bi* Asi^ 
y»ce He pa8i» iiepe4aBa4BCb C4aBBHe, Buor4a BecbMa 3Ha<iRTe4bHbi- 
MB MaccauB, 4aBaB oo6'h4y cbobmi> Mycy4bMaHCBBMi> coio3HflKaMT>, 
saR-b uaap. to Ba4'it4H Mbi bi> cTaTb'6 o C4aBHHaxT> bi> M. Asih. — 
reoq)a<»B?ecRoe no40»ceeie, nopcRifl CH4bi, OTaara h Dpe4iipiHMf^ 
sHBocTb, paBo, eme bii VII b,, BbiRaaaaabiB GjaBAHauB A4piaTa-r 
"lecRHMH, dacTaB4fliorb Dpe4no4araTb BecbMa papaee poapjeuie 
CaaBHBCRofi CTHxia bi» A^paRt, TiM'b 6o4'be9 ito C4aBflHCKoe ao- 
eejiBHie bi» Capia, naeTbie pepexo4b] C4aBBBi> A3ificRaxT> ua cto- 
poay Apa6oB'b a-b A3ia« TtcQbiB a aeppepbiBBbia cbbsb Apa6oBi> 
A4»pHRaHCRax'b cb AsiacRBiiB 4erR0 BaB04aTi» ua Mbic4b9 «iToC4a- 
B0ue AaiflCRie Qepexo4H4a B'b poe4'fc4CTBia a bi* A^paRy a ra-? 
KBUi* o6pa30M'b Qoe4y3Ka4a pocpe4uaRaMH b-b CBoineeiax'b caxi> 
noc4'fe4HBX'b e'b Hxx cop4eiieHHBRaMa A4piaTB<iecRaMa. 

KaRTb HB Ha^TOHCHbl DO Ba4BHOMy T'fe 4aHHblB, ROTOpblMH dB-? 

Top-B paeao4araeTb B'B BacToamee BpeMB OTHoeaTe4i>uo GiaBBH-b 
B'b A<t»pBR'fc, T'feM'B He MCH'Ibe oH'b p'feinaeTCB Bx-b npe4CTapBTi^ qa;- 
TaTe4aM'b, bi> Ha4e}K4i> B036y4RTb aonpoci* a Bbi3BaT^ 4pyrHX'b 
H3C4'fc4opaTe4efi , oohckb ROTopbixi* He npooa4yT> 4apoii'b, rbr^ 

yn. 04a, — cj. 13 



194 B. 0. JAMAHCRArO, 

TO M03RH0 Giffc^o BajrfeiiTkcii B npB HB^TOHCBbixii TeoepeuiHBx-ft 

B-b IX, X B. B 4aBce ropasiio nosmce, rhitb BeBeniaae, Tarb m 
CjaBJifle AjpiaTHqecKie, atponTHo wh oco6eBBOcTB Hepeqaae, Be^e 
aocThuByio ToproBJiio BoeaBonjiiHiibiMB a pa6aMB^ dTorBxcBBofi 
^ejioBl^Reciciii Tosapi* mej'b wh AopBRy rs'b HcnaHin <iepe3i» 4*paH* 
ROBii B ci» A4piaTR<iecRaro Hopii. C^aBBBCRie pa6bi b eaeyxB 6biJiB 
BecbMa atBHMM CapaauaaMB. Haxo4BCb bo uHoacecTBi, AOCTBraa 
BBBCBbiX'b when* Wh Tocy^apcTBt, aTB jiOAB 6evb coMutBiB Goxpaa A- 



1 . Cm. Reioaad : loTaBions ^es Samzins en France, et de France en Savoie, en 
Piemont el dans la Suisse, pendant le 8-e, 9-e et 10*e siMes de notra ^re, d*apr^ tes 
auteurs Chretiens et mabom^tans par M. Reinaud. Paris. 1836. p. 233. Tasaie TaiieJ 
uud Thomas: Urkunden zur alteren Handels u. Staatsgesch. d. Republik Yenedig mil 
besonderer Beziehung auf Byzanz a. die Lerante. 1856. T. 1. mA^ VII. — c<Quo tem- 
pore (876) mercatores Veneti lucri cupidi a piratis et Utrunculis mancipia compara- 
bant, et transfretantes de eis commercinm faciebant. Cui manifesto facim>ri Duces 
obTiare dispositi una cum clero et populo Venetiarum pie decreTerunt, ne quis de 
mancipiis commercinm faciat, Tel in naTibus recipiat, impooentes graves poenas 
contrafacientibusM. (Andr. Dand. y Myparopii. Scr. XII, p. 186). druTi* 4eKperb »-& 
m cjt>icTBiB npeiiean Ou^-b HiicB0Ji»K0 pt8% Boaotfuouaea-fc. Cm, Tafel etc «4!>^ XII, 
XII 1 BMeBBO ail 945 ■ 960 r. Borb B-baoTopua M'bcra Bai rpanoru 960 r. (Xlli): 
<f omnes pariter statuentes statuimus et firmiter confirmamus, ot nnUos major aut 
minor mancipia ad renundandum emere non debeat, nee aliquis precium ad soos 
emptorios dare debeat propter mancipia comparanda aut ^ennmdata, quia griTissi- 
mum malum e«t — item praecipimos, ut, quiconque in naTibus nostris nanderus 
fnerit, nuUatenus debeat in navi sua lefare mancipia, neque de Venetia, neque de 
Uistria, neque de Dalmalia, neque de aliis locis per nullum ingenium, nee etiam ali- 
quis hominem negociantem Tel J odeum in nan sua lerare non debeat — Item sta- 
tuentes statuimus, ut nnllus Yeneticnt sunm preciom ad quemlibet Grecnm hoaBtneai 
dare debeat, nnde mancipia emant. Bt nuUus Yeneticus audeat ultra Polam maocipia 
detransportare, neque in terram Grecornm, neque iu nullis locis ea donare, excepto, 
si acciderit, ut de sua captivitaie se redimere debeat, aut pro tali causa, nnde dampnam 
adcrescat In patria, aut pro causa palatfi. — Similiter autem statuentes statuimus, ot 
nuUna Yeneticus de quoUbet Greco bomine vel terra BeneTenti, aut de aliis locis 
precium toUere presumat propter mancipia illuc portanda». — Hbrb coan'bBia, mto 
BeneniaBe AOcraajajB patfoe-b a CapanbiaaM-b. Ca. Tafel etc. .4^ XIY. Bi 971 r. 
■ocnpeweao 6ujio aarma in Saracenorum terras ad Tennndandum portare, ant ligna- 
men ad na^es faciendum, quae ad damnitatem possent esse populo cbristiano, non lo- 
ricas, non clypeos, non spates, Tel lanceas, neque alia arma, cuip quibns percuteie 
possint christianos nisi tantum portent arma, cum qoibus/se defeodere possint ab ini- 
micis, et ilia nullo mode Tendere barbaris nee donare». dm pa6u no npeaaymecTay 
KOHe^BO 6uJB GiaaaRe. TaR-fc HCu-b Xay xa j-b roaopar-b npo daaaflCRazii pa6oa-b b% 
Knnp'b: oOn y euToye aussi de Jennes et beaux esclaTes enrop^eos, de Tambre, de la 



O CIABflHAXl> Wh IfAJOi Aaiil« in> A^PHim H Bl> BCDAHlfl, 195 

ju A(Kiro cBOfo uapo4Bocn a BecMa o6jer*iajH cHomeaiB Apa6oirb 

Cb COnjeHeHHHRaMH CBOBMH, ROTOpblMU rfc B 6e31i Toro 40po»CBJB, 

RaK'b TO AORasbiBaiorb nepeioAbi CjiaBMB'b AaiScKBX'b itb Apa- 
6aM'B, cjoBa aaaMeBBTaro reorpa^a aub-BeRpB ; «L€s Slaves soni 
nne oatioo redoutable, puissante et ioip^tuense. S'ils o'eosseot et^ 
divis^ en un grand nombre de races etdestribusdiff<^reDies,aucune 
natioo ao monde ne leur eAl ieua Mte», bjb cjoBaHpo40TaApa6* 
cRaro MaccjTAB (f 956 r.) — «Les Slaves se composent de diife- 
reotes peopiades qui se foot la guerre: si 1» discorde ne r^gnait 



soie, des vifttenicnts eo drap de laine tr^s-fine, des parures, dea jopea de laine, des ta- 
pis, du fer, da plomb, do Tif-arfent, des eunuquea tir^s do pays des n^res et de e«- 
/m des Eeelatimt (iouro. AsiaL 1842. Mars. p. 251). Tot% xe reorpa«i>, a'b 4pyron 
■1«Tt, paaciaBuaaerb, vro CjaaaacKle pa6u ■ eaBysa 6u j« upe4iieT0M']i oraycKaoii 
TOproBjv Ha-fc Hcnaoia wh A^pHKy. UpMftoxy ero cjoaa wh nepeao^fb raaaroca: 
«Tbe comraodUies which traders geoerall}' export from Andalus and bring to Maghreb, 
Egypt and other Mohammedan countries, are amber, saffron, gold, silver, lead, iron, 
quicicsil^er, seai-siiins, raw and manufactured siliis, and* aboTe all things, male and 
female slaTes taken in war with the Franks 'and Galicians, beeides Sclavonian eu- 
ttiicAf, who are very mneh aslamed. THete are brought from the country of the Franks^ 
where they are eastraied, and bought by Jewiseh merehantev (The History of the Mo- 
bamniedan Dynasties in Spain... by Ahmed Ibn-Mohammed AI>MakkaH... translated 
from the copies in the library of the British Museum , and illustrated with critical 
notes on the hist^ geogr. and antiquities of Spain, by Pascual de Gayangos. In two to* 
lumes. London. MDCGGXL— L in fol. I, 380—381). B% Bep4eat Ouji-b po4% 8aB04a, 
rjit BCRjn^iMTeJbHO aaBUUMiicB err^m npoabuujeHBocTbio aa c<ieT% CjaaaacKan 
iutuiuiKOBi>, aaxBaneaauiL-^ ^paBaaiia ai> ax'b aottaaz'b co CjrfaaBaaa. Jiy rnpaa^'b 
roBoparfc: wGarsamatium autem Graeci Tocant, amputatis ririlibus, et Tirga poerum 
eonuchum: qoos Yerdunenses mercatores ob immensnm lucrum facere solent et in 
Hiipaniam dncere*. (Murat. t II. p. 1. Liutpr. Hist, c III. p. 470). Cm. raKxie De- 
guignes: M6m> de TAcad. des lascript. t. XXXVII, p 48$, Ajifc-MaKRapa npBB04BT> 
jK»6onuTBoe ■'&CTO aJi-Kapaaa (KaTB($i> QOparavb Btiay-Jb-KacflM-ajEb-KapaBB). 
yDOHaayai* o «l>paaRax'fc, Kax-b o caaoa'b caabaoM-b a onacaoaii coct4'ik Mycy Jbaaa'b 
Heaaaciax'b, aJb-Kapaaa npo40jaraierb: «Oaa (^aaaa) aeayrb aoitau ci oiiaaa'b 
aapo40«rb, rb bbmr eortABBB'^f orb aoero oaa oT.iaHaa>Toa a ofipaaovi atuatta a 
■tpoR> (in manners a. religion/; to Cjaaaae (Sclavonians), aa aeiijio Koropbixx aa- 
Di4aiOTi OpaBKB, a yaoAB cb coCoio 04*6888x0811, npo^aiorb ax'b bi> An^ajyaiio, 
rjt OHB BCTp^Hanrca b-b 6ojbmoM'b KOJaqeorvb (where they are to be found in great 
DDBiber). 4>paBKa acxycao A^aa>rb asi umvk eeayxoBi» a yaojUTii ax-b vb aaaaa a 
b> 4pyria (Seaonacawa atCTa vh caoei) .crpaa^ bjb s'b ■ycy^aaacaaaii npe^^.iaa'b, 
iy.4a Bynnu Aa^ajiyacRie npBX04aT-b ax-b noaynarb, qTo6bi nepenpo^arb bxi* noroH'b 
vh jpyria crpaau. OdnoKo HibKomoptie un MycyjhMom, otcueyti^ie «i»afitwa;s Kpanxti 
fnoipaHUHHbuen J J ya^e HaynuAucb Bmojuy uenycomey ome ^euucow, u fiMfiipb 
nam otee HMcmo padonuuofits noKh u anum. (Gayang. I, 75). 

4c 



196 B. H. 4AMAHCRArO, 

entre eux, aucuDe nation ue pourrait leur r^sister pour la force et 
raudace». OneBBAHO , Apa6bi uinyaH CjiaeiiH'b h bucoko yBa- 
HcajH iixi» xpa6pocTb, dHepriio h npe^opiBMiHBocTb. Do 8TOMy*To 
H A«i»pnKaHCKie Apa6bi ue mof^b ne opBHfiMaTi» ki» ceCi CwiaBflai> 

A4piaTHHeCKHXli, ROTOpbie MOr^B 3aBfl3aTb AOBOJbUO TiCHbia CBA3B 

CO GjaBHHaMH Adi&CKBMB, nepe%04HBmBMB, KaKi* bi* BbicmeB ere- 
neiiH BipoBTHo, B Ri» ApadaMii BiiA^DpBKy. HaRouem> vb A4»pBKi» 
Baxo4flJocb HHoro CjaBAHi* eBiiy\0Bi» b pa6oBi>, KOTopue* ROBe<i- 

BO, HOp0BB.«B CBOBMCb SeMaflRaifb B COOJieMeBHBRaHl, 406p060ylbHO 

nepe6'hraBmHMi» Ri>Apa6aMi> B'bA<t»pBRy b BCTynaBmBMii rt* bbmi* 
Ha cjy9K6y, to^iho TaRi> »%e, RaRT> PyccRie BeaojbBBRB wh Xhb^. 
Byxapt, TamReHrh b KoRani BopoBBJB b ^pyncBJB Bcer^a b xin-B 
PyccRBMi) gtrjbiM-b B ryjAoiBifb ^lo^BM'b , ^To Ao6poBoabBo aia- 
xo4H.«B Bi> Ti; Rpaa. CymecTByerb c.jt4yioaiee BdB'fccTie I16ht>- 
XayRaja o GjiaBflHa\i> bi. CHUBJiiB, BueuHo npa onflcaHiB rop. Ila- 
jepMO — ccSituie sur les bords de la mer du c6t6 du nord, Palerme 
se divise en cinq quartiers , tres disliocis entre eux , qooique peu 
^loign^s Tun de I'autre. Le premier est la cite principale, pro- 
preinent dite Palerme, entour^e d'uoe muraille de pierre tres ele- 
vee et formidable. Ce quartier est les6jourdesmarchaDds....L'autre 
cit^ nomm^e Khaiessah a aussi sa muraille b&tie en pierre, mats 
diiTerente de la premiere. La Kbalessab est le s^jour du Sultan 
et de sa suite, on n'y voit ni marches, ni magazins de mar- 
cbandises, mais'des bains, une mosqu^e du Vendredi de gran- 
deur moyenne, la prison du Sultan, I'ars^nal et la bureau des ad- 
ministrations. Gette cit6 a quatre porles du c6te du midi, et du c6te 
de Test, du nord et de I'ouest, la mer et une muraille sans portes. 

Le quartier appeU Sacalibah est plus peupli et plus considerable 
que les deux citis dont je fats mention, hi est le port maritime, Des 
ruissea x eoulent entre ce quartier el la eiti principak^ et les eaua^ 
servent de division entre I'un et Tautre. 

Le quartier de la mosquee^ qui prend son nom de la mosquie dite 
d'Ibn Saclab , est considerable aussi. Les cours d'eau y manquent 
tout h fait, et les habitants boivent d'eau des puitso... b atcROJb- 
Ro HHSKe: ((Le quartier Sacalibah n*est eutour^ d'aucune muraille». 
a Les plus grands marches, telsquecelui de tons les vendeursd'huile, 
setrouvent entre la mosquie d'lbn Saclab et le quartier El. Jadidj». 



CAABBBAXh Bl> MAJOfi A3IU« Bl> A<»PIIK'fi y fi-b UCllAUIB. 197 

(Cm. JoarD« Asia!. 1845. Janvier. — Descriptioo de Palermo a \a 
moiti^ du X siecle de Tere vulgaire, par Ebn. Haucal, traduite par 
Michel Amari. p. 92 — 93). 

Hail dTOrO CBH^iTejlbCTBa BeCOMH'feHHO OTKpblBaeTCfl, ^TO B'b 

X B. CjiaBBWh vh DaaepMo 9kh4o ue Ma4ioe Ko.iH4ecTB(>, u6o uo 
oerpoyMUouy b ocnoBaTejbHOMy paeseTy AMapa wh to Bpema ro* 
po4'b 3T0Ti> 6biAi> B4Boe uacejeus'lbe* h^m-b B-b Bacrofluiee BpeMff, 
T. e. Bi> HeMi> 6bMo OKOJo^SOO Tbic. TKviieseH, a CLiaBflue (no 
Apa6cKii — CjaBABBH'B CoKAaHu B BO MH03K. CaK<uu6a) aaiBMa.iB 
U'LibiH RBapTaai>, ROTopuii b hochj-b noTOMy HaaBaeie GjaBAH- 
cRaro. C^aBAHCRiS RBapra^^, b'b DajepMO 6biA'h eaubiii uace- 
jeuBbiB B caMUfl 3Ha<iaTewii»Bbid; bchjIB do Bceii B-fepo^THOcTH 
CiaBflBe fl Bi> 4pyroMi> RaapTaji;, BocBBineMi* cBoe Haasauie orb 
MescTB Cbma CjasHHuna — [16B-CaKja6'b. Ohi» tohcb 5hij'b 40- 
BOJibBO aBa^BTejieH'b. AitiapB roBoparb vh o4Hoai'b mi> cBOflxi» npu- 
irfeqaBiS: ^HasBaBie CaKOMiSa^ 4aBBoe o4H0My aa-b rjaBBbui* 
RBaprajiOBii ropo4a, 40Ra3biBaeT'b, <ito obI) 6biji> Bacejiefli> 6oab- 
iDBM-b RoaHHecTBOMii GjaBflBii (des Esclavous). Mbl 3BaeMT>, hto 
CjaBBHBBTi Macy4'b apB6bM'b b3i> Ac^pBRa bi> Caaujiio bii 312 r. 
(924 a 925 40 P. X.), a 0Bjia4t^'b 3auRoui> cb. Araeia, a <iepe3'b 
<ieTbipe ro4a cnycryi, Gape6-a^b«GaR.in6B (rEsclavoo) npaaeji* 
n> A4»pflRy, a 0TTy4a bii Gaafljiio TpB4iiaTb Ropa6jei cjaaaB- 
CKflx-b Ropcaporb (trente vaisseaux de corsaires esclavons). dMapi* 
GHQBjiiiCRiB GajeM-a6B-Aeca4'b bjb a6B-PamB4'b, npHCoe4BHiiBii 
HXTi Rx CBoeMy <i>jioTy, rpa6flwi'b a paaopaj'b B'b npo40^rKeBiH iii* 
CROJibRBX'b A'bvh Kaja6piio, Gap4BBiio a Feayio. Ilocjt RaHC4aro 
00x04a ofli> BX04Bji'b B'b Da^epMo; coiosbbrb ero B'fcpoflTBo a no- 
cejBwiBCb BaRoaeui* B'b aTOH-b ropo4'b, 6Amh rasaHaS). npe4- 
DOJOsceBifl AMapa ae OTBepraeMi* BOBce, 04BdR0 r He Mo»ceMi> npa- 
HBMaTb erd 6e3yc.ioBBO, TaRX RaR-b B'b riajepMo Mor.ia TKBTb a 
4pyrie Gjaaaae. ^eraab, eme bi» 1791 r. cooouia^i) BecbMa jk)- 
6oob]TBoe aaM'biaiiie, KOTopoe, cROjbRo MB'lt bsb'^ctbo, eme ae 



i. Ce qoartier, — npo^ojsaenb AMapu, — dtait d^jk entour^ de murailles ao 
temps d*lIugo Falcaod, et on Tappelait aassi Trarupapiretuniy k cause de sa position 
an deU du ruisseau Papireto. Le nom de Sacalibah, d^flgur6 dans les mots de ieral- 
eadi^ seebalcar, eibalcar, a doone lieu k d'^tranges Etymologies dans lesquelles s'egara 
le P. Morso. (Palermo antico. Palerme, 1827). ibid. p. 104—105. 



198 B. B. JAMAHCKAFO, 

6bfjo oKOHiaTejbuo D04TEep)t€4eB0 B34auiefliii no^jHHBbitt* cbh- 
/itTejibCTB^* BoTi> CAOBB 4ernHii: <cpar nos lectured de quelqnes 
mantiscrits Africains nous avons 6t6 coovaincus qu'il y avait en 
Afrique des villages habitus par des Esclarons ou Seclab {CuKjui^n 
TOHce UHOTH. q« oTii CaKaa6u^ RaRi* b Caxauufia) ee qui eat atsseat 
singulier. II parait que ces Sedab faisaient des courses en Sicile 
jusqu'^ Tan 951. Nous apprenons par cette mdme Chronique qu ao 
autre Seklab passe d'Afrique en Sicile avec une arm^e nombrease 
de terre el de mer et des charaeauX^». Un autre Seklab — ^ no/ri» 
depBbiMii 4erBBb paayifberb CjaBauBHa Maccy^a, 924 r< 

XoTa« noBTopaio, a b Be anaio * no4JBBBbi%'& CBBA'breJbCTBib 
COBpeMeHHbix-b o CjiaBflBCKBYii nocewieniAX'b bt» A^pBtrb^ oauhko 

Be BBBCy UBRaKOH Beo6x04BllOCTB ne 40B'hpHTb B1> drtOWh CAJ^Pfb 

CiOBaui* ^erHHBt bIs hbii» ulifh uBsero HCBibpofiTBaro; npMTOtiib 

4erBHfO Be 6hJA0 BBRaROil Ba406B0CTB BbUyHblBaTb TBROrO B3-^ 

BicTiB. Cttliio 4yMATb| HTo.Bii HacToJimee BpeMfit Ror4a coRpoBttiaa 
6oraToH Apa6cRoii JBTeparypbt eme bo MBOBcecTsis jeHcaT-b bi> 
pyRonncBXii, b Ror4a R'b coBca^tntio C^iaBBBe uoitb bobcc He 

BM'felOT'b TBRBX'B Apa6BCT0Bli« ROTOpblC 6bl o6paTBwlB BCR««lO<lB- 



^ 



1. Le Journal des 8av9oU« BIDCGLXXXXI* Peueaaifl 4erBH« h« hsa. Rerom 

Arabicarum quae ad historiam speclaut ampla CoUectio opera et studio Rosarii 6re- 
gorio Eccl. PanortD. Caoonici et Regii juris publici Siculi professoris etc. Paiiormi. 
IfDCCXC. 1 vol. in-fol* Dpii paaOopi aroro Hs^iaHifl m RajoxeeiB co4epacaBlii aroro 
saiiiqaTejbBaro cofipaaifl ApaficKHx-b hctohbiikob'^ 4eriiai» Me«4y npo<iHH% ocra- 
BaajHBaeTca na c^'hAjtouxBu-h naHATiiyKt: ChtonicoD Siciliae, d^jil irnprim^ d*apr^ 
on luanuscrit de la bibliotheque de Cambridge par Carusius, en Arabe et en Latin. 
Mais dans cette noavelle Edition on a reru et corrig^ le texte. A^Ji^e npo4oa»aeT% 
A^sruBh o6i» BTOMii sice naHflTuairb: «On ignore qu^l est !e nom de Tauteur de la €bro- 
nique de Sicile appellee Chrooique de Cambridge. Cave et qnelques autres ont cru que 
cette Chrunique 6tait I'ouvrage d'Eulychius, patriarche d'AIexandrie dont nous arons 
des Annates. Botychius est niort Tan 980 de I. C M. Gregorlo pens que J*auteur de 
cette Chroniqoe 6tait nn Mabom^tan ne en Sicilie : en efltot cet ^crlTain parait aroir 
parfaitement conno cette i«le par la manidre dont il on parle, de plus en comptanl 
les annees il se conforme A Tusage des Siciiiens et non pas ^ celoi de Teglise d'Ale- 
iandrien. JtronBCb aaHBiiaeTca ci* 82? t^ u npOAOJsaeTca ao 068 r. no P. X. 
«A Tan 924 Teuteur Arabe dit qu'un personnage nomme Saklabi Tint d'AArique et 
s'empara en Sicile de la Torteresse de 8-te Agathe. Ce nom, comme le remarqoe Mr. 
Gregono, a et6 pris par Carusius pour un nom de charge, mais il observe qn'il da- 
iigne ici un nom de nation c. a d. un Esclavon; pour confirmer cette assertion de 
Tediteur, noas crojrons devoir ajouter ici que par nos lectures de quelquea raaouscrita 
Africains m np. Cm. aume m-h reKcrb aaoiea'b. 



O CjIABUBAX'B Wh UA40& A3III, B'^ A^V^K'B U Bl> HCUAUIH. t 99 

Te^ibHoe BHBiiaBie aa pyKoaHcmiie aeTo^flusa ApadcKie ch uli^iio 
coopaTk a caecTB Bcb aM'biomiaca B-baax'b CB'b4'buiHoG4aBflBari»9 
Wh aacTOAinee apeMH cMtao mohcbo yiBepaK^aTb, hto aaBtcTie 4e- 
raufl ae to^avko fiyAeT^ oapaB4aBo» ao a aaaia'Tejbuo pacapocTpa- 
Heuo a TOHute onpeAi^eao; Tor4a mu yaaaesfb,. K'b RaKOAiy BMeu- 
HO BpeiieBB oTBocaTCA aTB aocejLeaifl GAaBaucKia wb A<i>pBKt a 
« ap. , aa 4to Teaepb npa oTcyTCTaia CaaBaacKax'b KaipMeporb, 

4»peB0Bl» B 403B. Mbl BaOpaCBO 6y4eM'b 3K4aTb OTfiilOB-b^^ 

04aa B8% 3HaiiieBBT0CTe& yseaafi 4>paBiiifl9 Be4aBBa KOBMaa^ 
niifi cBOfo Hcaaab, KarpMepi* b'b CBoeifb »cB3HeoDBcaHia Tiaaa^^ 
4>aTaiiB4CRaro Moa3-4H4BB-A4.iaxa (952 — 972 r.) » eooouia^'b 
U€mAy apoHBifb CA'kdyiomee j»o6oabiTBoe aaBicTie: <lO€i> drowh 
roey4apt paacaaabiBaioT'b 04afli> aaMiqaTeabHbi&xjiyqail, KOTopbift 
Aaerb 4ocTaTo«iBoe BoaaTie o€'b aaepria ero xapairrepa. ^sa Cjiar 
BBBBBa (Esdavons) Kaacap'b a Ma4a«»ep'b BcubaoBaviacb ae^aqafi* 
oiBMB HajocTAHB Xa.iB<»a Maneypa* ])ia4a4»ep'by ocBOBbiBa»€b aa 
TOM-b, RTo Moda-b Wh A^TciBfb jHOJiCB y aero aacbMy (ks priucipe^ 
de I'^crlture), o6pauiaacH ei> a^raHi^ rocy4apem> aecbua fla4iieBUOw 
04Ba»c4bi, B'b MaayTy ra'&Ba, OB'b npoB3Beci> 04B0 CLaaaaucKoe c40Ba 
(uD mot esclavoD)^ aoTopoe^ aax'b Boaasa^ocb Moaay, andbao pyra^ 
TeabBoe SBaneaie; ao eiBTaa BeDpajflMBbiirb npadiratb K'b bo^ 
opocaM'b o fl04o6flbix's Beoiax'b, oB-b odpaTaaca ri> Bayseaifo n^bi^ 
KOBi». Oaii craa'B ocaoBaTeabBO adynaTb A3biin> Bep6epeKiM, no* 
TOM-b rpenecKifi, HeirpaTaBcaifi a Dpio6pl4'b 04aBaR0Bbifi aaBUK'L 
u BTBTOHb B B'b 4pyroH'b; Tor4a OBii aaaaaca aabiKovx CLiaBflB*- 



1. B'B HaBtcTBuxi MBit onHcaHiAxi H^Bi-Xaysaja, A jb-EeKpo (XI b.) a ae b«- 
meji» npflvux-b yKaaaeift aa' nocejeaiji CjaBflHCRui. Cu. Joura. Asiat 1842. Mars 
Description de I'Afriqoe , par Ibq.-Haac«l , trad, de I'arabe par M. le baron Mac 
Guekia de Slane. He Mory 04HaH0 ue yxasaTb aAtcb aa oabo 8aii1k<uiBie a4i»-6eKp> 
(Notices et man. XII. p. 450) npo ropo4'fc Copts : vSort est one grande rille, situ^e 
tur le riyage de la mer, environn^e d'one moraille de brique, et renfermant use 
mosqu^e djami, des bains et des marches. Elle a trois portes... Les habitants do Sort 
sont des bommes beanz et bien faita^ mais aTOc lesqoels on ne pent avoir que des 
relations commerciales d'one nature desagr^able: Us ne vendent et n'achetent que 
snivant un tarif qu'ils ont lixes entre eux, et dont ils ne s'ecartent pas)> .... aLes ha- 
bitants de Sort parlent entre eux un jargon qui ne ressemble ni k TArabe, ni au 
Persan, ni aa Berbdre, ni an Copte» (ib. p. 4<^1J, «Da Sort A Tarabolos on eompte dix 
jonrnees de marche». 



BOO li. H. JAHAHCRArO, 

ckhMii (aiors il s*occupa de la langue esclarooDe). Bi> apoAOJSKeuin 
CBoero Tpy^a ohi> aoBCTp-fcqaaca ci» fhti-h caoeoMX, ROTopoe aoa- 
6^411^10 Bi> HeMi> ao403piHie B 0Bi> y&bAfiACH BaKOBeai*, <itooho 
Bbipaacajo rpy6yio o6fl4y; Tor4a bb ueMH ob-b apaRaaa^i* yMepT«- 
BBTk Mo4a<t»epa»^. 

droaiy hbcto BOCTO<iHOMy cRaaaaiiO paayM'terca 6yRBajbHO 
40Bt«pATb flejb3fl; o«ieBb B-ibpoflTao, ito xa^B4»'B afiaji* b Fpeie-* 
CKiii, H Bep6epcKii m 4p. aabiRBi bo 6e3'B coHfltBia obi> y«ifljcli 
Bin-h BOBce Be 4Jfl Toro, sTo6bi ysBaTb aBaseBie Toro KpfbUKOMO 
tJioet^i KOTopbiM'B DO cBOCMy CjiaBABCROiiy o6biqaio 0TBeji> ce&h 
A}/iny Mo4a<t»epXi O^eflb BipoATBO, mo licTBTe^bBuB, rop4bitt 
A|)a6'b Docrapa^CH BbiyiBTbca 4a»ce 4jia aToro aoRBMaTb do Cja- 
M^HCKB, «ito6bi aaKOBBO oTOMCTBTb cBoevy apary, bo robc^ibo ajib 
toto eMy Be ByncBo '6biwio ape»€4e aay^aTb aauROBrb FpeqecRaro^ 
Bep6epcKaro b Dpoq. TtMi» Be ueB'ibe do BB4RM0iiy Be3BaHBTe.ib* 
Bbiii aBeK40'rL axoTii aecbMa aaHceBi*, b6o 4aerb apaao aaRjioqarb 

BaMl^ B7> COOdpaHCeBlB Cb BbIUieDpBBe4eBBblMB BaatCTiflMB o6'b 

OTHODiefliaxTi CjaBHB'b rx A<t»pBRi, 4T0 1 ) C^aBaae bi> X b. DpB 

4B0p'ik XaJBOOBlt Bl* A4»pBR'fe n0^b30Ba4HCb BeJBRBM'b sBa'ieBieai'b* 

2) Caaaaae BocnBTUBajBCb no Bceil aipoaTBOCTR bi> uycy jbMaBCTB'b, 

B no RpailBOCTB B'b COaepmeBCTB'fc BJa4'fc4B Apa6cRBM'B a3blR0Ml»» 

Be T04bRo fl3ycTRbiM'b, BO R nBCbaieBHbiMi> : b6o qejoa'fcRy Ma^o-' 
rpanoTBOMy, npBTOMi» npBpo4B0My C^aBaBBBy, bt^ opoTBBBoifb 
cjysai Be 6buo 6bi DopyieBO yieflie Moaaa. 3) 6y4yqB o6pa30- 
BaBbi no Apa6cRR, CjaaaBe bi> A^^paK'fe, bi» X a. coxpaBRJB Rp'^a- 
Ro cBoiQ Bapo4BocTb, ocTasajHCb GjiaBHBaiiB, no4o6BO Tony, RaR'b 
Boarapbi B BocBAKB MycyjbMaBe coxpaBAioT'b cbok) Bapo4ROCTb. 
Apa6bi Be CHBTa^a bxi BDOja-b cbobmu, ApadauB, a aaabiaawiB hxi^ 
GjaaflBaaiB. npaTOMi* Bce ai* rjydoRoii acTBB'ik Toro onjoaoro* 
9TBorpa<i»BsecRaro Ba6^io4efliH He.4b3a Rancerca coMB'feBaTbca, hxo 
HeJOB'ikR'b, Bja4'ibiouiiH bi» coBepmeHCTB'6 4ByMa bjlh R'fccROwibRRMB 
R3biRaiiB, c<iBTaeTi» a 6paBBTca aa tom'b asbiR'fc, ROTopufi eny 6jb- 
Bce, DpHpo4H'be. CjaaaBBBii Mo4a<i>ep'b B'b MaayTy ratBa 3arBy.ii» 
xajfloy RpioRoe caoaao CjaBaacRoe ae notoMy, mo aCoposBB'b 



1. RaTpMep'B vh ccujrb npa stomi yuasuBWrh aa Makrizi — Datcription de 
I'Bgypte. t. I. fol. 289. Cm. Jouro. Aiiat 1837. F^yrier. p. 807. 



CJAfillttAtl» Bl» llAJOfi AaiB, 0l» A4»PilR'fi H Bl> BCnAHIH. 20i 

AOArouojihiHn ero ne ndBiiMajT>, qro ofiaapy^BJo 6bi bti Mo4a<i»epi 
paacqerB, pa3cyHC4eHie, ROTopoe noKH4aeTT> qeaoetRa B-brutsk, — 
dans UD mooyenieDt de colore il proDonca an mot esclavon. 3) Cja- 
BBae HeapeM'ikHBO 404HCHbi 6bijifl ooaBRTbCfl bii A<i»pRR'b ropa340 
paebine X B^Ra. flB^eaie Mo4an>epa'« npapoABaro GjaeaBBBa, bi> 
coBepmeBCTBl) Bja4'feiOiuaro Apa6cRHM'b asMROM-b, RaR'b BaycTHbiM-b^ 
TaRi» B DBCbHeBBbiirb, ROfle«iBo 6bijio aparoTOtijeBo 4pyrflMB co- 

6b]TiflllB, OpeHCBBlMB DepeY04aMfl CjiaBftBli B-b A4»pBRy. 4) npRM'fe|j'b 

Mo4a«i»epa 40Ra8biBaeTi»4 ^to CjaBaae aasBaaajBCb bi> A^puK-h^ a 
BuocrpaBObi bi> Toil bjib 4pyrofi cTpaBt aasBaR^rca, Ror4a, oRa- 
3aBi> eH 4tttcTBBTeJbHbifl yc^yrfl, np]o6ptTaioTnb b^ uefi 3fia*ifl- 
TejbHoe BjiHBie; no^bayacb BM-b, cTpeMa^cA Kb 6ojbn]eMy b obh- 
paioTi> CBOB npHTflsaBiii Be TOJbRO Ba 4ti]€TBBTejbBbix'b, bo H Ha 
MHBMbixii 3acjyra\i>^ ROTopbin obb botomti BCfl«iecRB DpeyBe.iu- 
<iBBaiOT'b. OHeBfl4Ho, Mo4a<iftep'b saaBajca ae TOjbRO cbobuu ^iBq- 

BblMH, BO B CBOBMB Bap04Bb]MB 3aC4yraiffl. 

liaBtcTBO', <iTO Apa6bi naTa^H nepaoe BpewB CRJibBoe orapa- 
meBie ri> Mopio\ no*ieMy b bohbtbo, «ito nepBbie bxi> ojotm co- 

CTQB^B fl31> BBOCTpaBIieBli B pCHei aT0Bl> ^ 

no co6cTBeBflOMy opB3HaHiio caMBxii Apa6oB'b (cm. BbiniicRH 

B3i» l16n-Xaa4yBa y FaaHroca), nepBbiMR y<iBTe.iiiMto RX-b rb hc- 
KyccTB^ Mopen^iaBaBia 6biJB BBOcrpaHiibi, ROTopbie npBBBuajn 
BCJaMBaM-b B BCTyna^B R'b bbmii bo ^^^orb* 

KoBCRHo dTB peBoraTbi 6biBajB Bcikxi» Haaifi — b FpeRB, b 
liTa.ibaRabi. 

BbiBajB JB MeHC4y bbub b GjaBBBe? 

EC4B BCQOMBBM-b, <IT0 MHorifl B^TBR GjaBBBX rpeieCRBXl* H 

Hj.iBpiiiCKBX'b B> VII, YIII B. B 4a»c^ ropa340 oosace euie ae 

1. Reinaud: Inras. des Sarraz. en France, p. 64: «qoelqties doctenrs sont all^a 
jQsqu'ik ditre que, des I'instant qu'un homme s'est d6cid6 plusieurs fois d se mettre ea 
mer, il peat ^tre consid6r6 comme 6tant priT6 de son bon sens, et comme n'etant 
phia recevable k faire admettre son t^moignage en justiceu. C«. raRVe Reinaud: Ex- 
traits d'ant. arab. relat. aux guerres des Croisades. Paris. 1829. p. 370 et 476. 

2. InTas. des Sarraz. p. 65. Kor/ia ApaOu saBoeaajH Cnpiio, Ernnerb h A^puij 
H oBJaAi^jB nopravH Tepa, CnAoea, A jeKcaB4piH b Rapeareaa, Tor/ia o63aBeJBCb obb 
B ♦JOTOM'fc: «il 6tait naturel, — roaopBrb Peao, — que les ren^gats et lea aventa- 
riers de tons les pays leur donnassent I'id^e de se Hrrer ^ des exp^itions maritimesn. 
€■• li6Hi»-Xaj4yaa y Gayangos. I, p. XXXIll etc. App. B. 



202 B. a. jAMABCRArOt 

opuHHMaJH xpHCTiaBCTsa , Tor4a Rain» FpeRH, Hraj^aBiiu Bcb 
yHce 6bLiu YpncTiaue; ec'jR npBBOMHHMii aepece^eBiA cb YIl b.« 
a B'bpoflTBo B paHbme, CwiaiMBi> bi> M. Abiio, HBorowcjieBBbiH 
BX'B TaMi> ROJOBiB (bi» VII B VIII B.), BepecBJeflie btb VII b. bi» 

GBpiiO DBTB TbICJIIb € jaBBB'L, OTAaSOlflXCB B04'b DORpOBBTejbCTBO 

ApadoB-bt RacTbie aepexo^bi C^aBABik M. AaiiicRaxi* nb cTopoBj 
noc4i4HBX'b bo BpeMfl Bx-b BofiB'b GiiBflaaBTifiaaiiB, to acho Buii- 
MBMii, mo Bi* qBcat BBocTpaaiieB'b , cocToaBBiHX'b Booouie ua 
c^yHC&6 y Apa6oBib, Cjbbbb'b 6ujo ropa340 6o4ie« BOHcejB aa- 
npBM. FpeROB'bt ElTa4b8uiieBi> b HiimeBi». — IIpaaoiiBBBTk Bie« 
iTO eme bi» VII b. CjaBBBe BBjiifOTcii aaapaBCRBiiB , 4bxbmb mci- 
pHRaMB B 4aiorb cefia 3BaTb a bi» Bijoafb b bi> CaBeHi* Hopux'B 
(bii ApxBBe^art a bi> A4piaTBR'b), mm p'fcuiBTe^bBo corjacajacb 

6bl Clb Tlurb, KTO CTB^'b 6b] Bd flpe440HCeBBblfi BODpOCl* OTBtsaTfc 
yTBepABTe^bBO. 

TaRi* RaR-b Bpa bobiiowhoctb 4Byx'b oTB^roB-b aa BODpoirk, 
Ba40 Bcer4a aadapaTb 6o4te BtpoBTUhjfi, to mm b Be pacRaaBaeH- 

Cfl Bl> TOHTk* no npeinOHJB OTB^T-b BOJOSKBTe^bflMii. 

Kor4a CjaBaae BoacTaia BpoTHB^ FpeaoB'b a oca4B4B IlaTpu 
B^ 802 — 8 1 1 r. 9 TO npa 0€a4t bh^ aoMora jb A<i»pM b Capaubi* 
BM. — 0HeBfl4B0, STo CjiABflBe, Depexo4BBmie ri> Apa6aMi> a ae 
TepBBuiie CBoea Bap04fl0CTa, a ci> aeio a' cbobxi> caoojeaiii cb 
CBOBMB coBJeMeBBBKaMB, 6m^b BHBOBHBRaMB dToro coiosa* Taai* 
KaR'b, cRo^bRo Mai adBtcTHO, 6edrh «juTa Ao^paM'b a CapaiiM- 

BBMli OpOHBKByTb Bl* MopeiO 6bU0 BeB03M0}KB0, TO B cjrb4yeT'b 

Bpe4BojaraTb, <ito bo OwioTi AopaRaao- ApaficROMii eme bii aa- 

HaJ'fe iX B. C4y2RB4B CwiaBBfle. 

BobDajepMo ao cBR4iiTe4bCTBy H6a'*XayRa.ia (X b.). aa'b bbtb 
RBapTajioB-b 4Ba aacejeabi 6mjb GjaBAaaMB. 04Ba'b aa'b aaxx, 
RBapTa^ii GjaBBHCRiB, 6bUT> bortb caMbifl aacejeuabifi a caMbifi 
auaHBTedibBua. 3dib€b 6bUh MopcKoU no/mic. 0<ieBB4ao, ^to Cja- 
BBue BTi najepMO 6bijB Mopaaa. 

EcTb BSB-bcTie, qTo GjaBaHBHi* Macy4'b bi> 924 — 5 r. Bpa- 
6hiA'h BBi» A^ipaaa bi> Gaaajiio a 0B^a4iJi'b aaMROMii cb. Araeia. 
KaweTCH ae 6e3pa3cy4ao npe4noJ09KaTb9 <ito aanajbCTBo M4'b 
BoficROM-b a Ba4i> cy4aMa Apa6bi ae Bpyia^B 6m C4aBABaHy, 
ecia 6m ero B04Ba9a4bBMe 4io4b ae 6bi4a 6bi opeaaiyuieeTBeaBO 



CJABflttAfb fFh HAJOfi A3lll^ Wt A4»mC1B If M IfCOAHIff. 803 

Bsrh CjaBAH'b. Bi» 928*-9r. Gape6''ajib*GaRja6H (CjarBaBHAii -^ 
lA; Cq9(^ 411?) npBBCjT> rb A^pEKji R 0Tty4a bi> CBiuijifo 30 cy-« 

AOBTb CjaBflHCltHXl» ROpcapOBl». dMBpii GBUHjifiCKiii, CaABU^B" 

AccBAi* vum 96H-»PaillBAi»4 apBcoejiBBBjni bxii rt* CBoeny <i»ifOTy, 

Bl> ROTOpOHX TOHCe MOF^B 6b1Tb CjiaBflHe B CB BBMB pa330pllJl> B 

rpa6BjrB bti npo^OdiHcefliB fltcROjbRBXii atrb Kajia6pifo^ €ap4u- 
Hiio R reayio* 

EcjB CiaBflBe cjyiXBjii bo 4»4orfe . A^pBRaao - Apa6cR0ttii a 
apBRBuadiR TBRoe y^acTie B^ HopcRBXii noio4ax% Capaauni* Be 
TO.IBRO B^ Ban. IX B., BO fl Bii X B., Ror4a ynce Apa6bi opuBbiRaB 
R-b HopH) B ynce doAie ero ne 6ofljBCb, to bIi VIII bjb VII b.^ 
Ror4a eme R'b BOMy obb ae npBBbiHaB, CjaBaae a ao4aBB'lbe 4oj'« 
HCHbi 6biJB cjysRBTb BO <t»jiorb Apa6cR0tt'b« 

EcTb R3BtcTie, «iTo apB po40Ba<ia4bnHR'b 0vaa40Bi» Hcsan- 
cRBXTi, A64yppaxMdBt (f 788 r.) bi» 77? r. Eefl«-ra6R6-ajb 
CaRja6B (t. e. GjiaBaRMB'b) npB6biJ'b b3t» A<bpBRH b^ BcBaHiio, 
<iTo6b] cHOBa no4*iBflBTb xa JB4»aM'b aTO Ropo^ieBCTBo. Ge^flMT*, npa- 
BBTe.iL BapcejoBbi, Bbime^nb rx aeMy Ba BCTptiy a ae 4aa> eMy 
BpeueBH yRptoBTbca. MeacAy TkMi> A64ypp'axMaflii9 qTo6bi oTHiiTb 
orb aero BCHRyio Ba4eHC4y aa cnaceaie, cacerb ero ^JioTh^ koto'^ 
pbiQ oBii npaeej-b Cb co6oio. GaR^ada Bib otqaaaiB yaiej^b bi> io« 
pbi, TAi fl nora6i> \ Vi rzK% GwiaBflBBBi* aaqajbCTByerx ^AOtoM'h 
A<^paRaB0•Apa6cRBlil> bi* VIII b.; BecbMa BipoaTBO, «ito 0041) aa- 
na.ibCTBOM'b G^aBflaaaa ra6B6a cocToa^o ae Majoe ROja^ecTBo 
CjaBRB-b. TaRoe o6cToaTejbCTBO BopoqeMi* ae 40JHcao y4BBJaTb 
sBTBTeja, aaaioiuaro G^aBflacRoe apoHCxo»c4eHie Buaepaxopa IOc«- 
taaiaaa, ero aoAROB04aeB'b BeAHcapia , ^o6porocTa , Bcerop4a9 
aarpiapxa Uaperpa4CRaro HaRBTy, DoceAeaiA CAaBaai* Bi> M.Asia, 



i. Cardonne: Histoire de TAfriqae et de TEspagne sous la domination des 
Arabea. Faria. MDCCLXT. I. p. 204— SOtt. Rap40Bib namer-b Ben-Habib el-Sakl^bi. 
Coode: Historia de la dominacion de loa Arabes en Espana. Paris. 1840. p. 95—96. 
vAI principio del ano 151 (768}, — roaopHT-b RoB4e, — aportaron cerca de Tortosa 
diez barcos con el candillo Abdaia Ben Babib el SekeUbi etc. Mffb OMeob xopomo 
HarbcTBo aaaHeaie KoH4e vh uayxib ■ to 40B4pie, icoroparo onib aacayxaaaerh; oA- 
aaio A jtcaauaan euitc^ n^ aero ii 4a«e alipio evj^ noroMy *ito aaxoa^ raicoe xe 
•arbcrie y Rap^OBna, sOTopuft, npaa^a, ycraptJi*, ho anqero OTh ce6a ae Bu^yvu- 
■aji'b. flpoHcuiecTBie, caHO no re6i> MpeaauHaiiuo a'tpoaraoe, no4Tiieps4aeTi> caow 
vcTBBBOCTb M ezoArTBon %% nepe4aM'fe Rap40HBa ■ KoB4e* 



804 to. Bk JAMAflCKAtO, 

Bxii nepei04bi itb ApaOaMii, CjasHHCKoe nocejeaie bi» Capiii, y^tt-^ 
CTie C^aBAB'b BO ^vjiOTt Apa6cR0Mi» eme B-b uaqaj'fclXBM waHeHie 

CjaSAB-b Bl» A^pHRi H CHUMAIU Bl> X B., BXl* MOpCKie Hd&fcrH BTp 

X b., Haop. na CapAHHiio, bxi> uopcKia CHau B-b ApxBoejart n 
A^piaTBRt, o6Bapy3KeBBbia euie B-b VII b. 

KaKb BH BBHTOffCHbl B BB RpBTKB npeACTaB4HeMb1H BblOieCB'fe-^ 

A'bBin o CjaBABax'b b% AopBRt, o^RaRo, ciwfcio Ha4iaTbCH, qRTa- 
Tejb Be Batt^eT-b bxi* ReByacBbiMR b Be aac^ysKBBaioiiiBMB BHBMa- 
Bifl« a BanpoTBBii Toro npB3BaeTCfl« qro oTBoiiieBia G^aBAB-b ri» 
A^^pBR-ib Aojmflbi aaBHTb BaB-fecTBoe, B04o6aiouiee rm% mtcTo b'b 
BCTopiB, b6o Baxo^aTca B-b rbcBoii opraBBHecRofi cBaaR ch cyab- 
6aMfl CdiaBflBi* M. A3iiicRBxi>« MopeficRRX'b, MaRe40BCRBxi> r A4- 
piaTH«iecRBXi>. 

Bopo^eMit Bbime npe4J0HceBRbiMB BSBtcTiflMB etue Be ac^ep- 
nbiBaeTCA Ba^BiHbiii sanacb aacToamHxx uamBX'b CB'fe4'fcBia o6t> 

BCTOpiB OTBOineBifi CjaBRB-b Rib A^frpBRi. 

■■• HbiR-ib BBRTo eme Maii 6jaropa3yMBb]X'b B3GJ'640BaTejiett 
Be pimBTCfl yTBep»C4aTb, hto wh AopBRy G^aBaBCRaa ctbxia Bnep* 
Bbie apoBBRjia cb Apa6aMB, bi) VII b. UanpoTBB'b Toro, BitBacTo- 
flmee BpeHAMORcao nojaraTb, <ito obb 6bua wh aeii ropa340 pa- 
Bie B opoHBRja bi* Bee coBepmeaao 4pyrBM'b ayreirb, BMeaao aa-b 
BcnaaiB; roBopio B-b aacToaiuee apeHn. t. e. noaa ae oopoBepray- 
TO MBiiBie, BhicKaaaaaoe eme 20 A^vh TOMy Ba3a4'b« yHeBbiMi>, 
.nojbsyiomBMca sacjyweBaoK) £BponeiicRoio aaBtcTaocTbio b paBHO 
OTju*iaH)mBMCfl 6o.ibfliuMu 4apoBaBiflMB, rpoMa4Boio fla«iBTaH- 

BOCTbfO a OCTOpOHCBOCTblO BblB040B'b. PaByM'feio OBCaTeJia, Be^BRO- 

jitnBbiti Tpy4'b ROToparo ae To.ibRo mohcbo CKasaTb coaaaji* aay- 
Ry CjaBHHCRBX'b 4p^BaocTeil, ao b Maoro apojaji* caira aa bcio 

4peBBK)IO BCTOpilO HOBOll EspOBbl. 

IIIa4»apRR'b 00 TmarejbBOM'b coodpaaceaia a'tROTopbixi* 06- 
CTOATejibCTB-b npBdieji'b Rii' Reo6xo4BMocTR opaaaaTb 6biTBocTb 
CjiaBHHCRofi CTBxiR B'b Baa4a.«ax'b, Bapo4i co6cTBeaBO H'^MeuRaro 
DpoBCX03K4eaia. 

Obb 3KB4B BTh CTpaat •IflriHX'b BJB tlyraxii, Me?R4y 04poii a 
BacjoS, TAi 6bua cTapoxcBjaMR BeHe4bi, t. e. CjaBaae. 

Hub Baa4ajioB'b (y IIjaBiii BBB4BJ0B'b) oTaaqaeTca orb 



O'CJABflHAX-b Bl> BAwlOfi A3JH, Bl> A^vPlUCfe H Bl> HCnAHIB. %05 

UMeuH BeH40Bi> Beue40B'b He KopaeMii, a TOjbRo OROH^aaieifB. 
no nocejeuiH CBeBCKaxi HiuaeBi* bi» Jyrax'B, u no ciu'fcmeHiB 
ux-h ch TyaeMuaiiB, apoBaomao hmb Bbh4hjob'b, BaH4aaoBi>, t. e. 
ocjaBAHeHHMi'b HJiB jysiue cMioiaBHbix'B ca CjiaBBHauu. 

Bi» cpe4uie Btsa BaH4adaMB aaabiBaaB CaaBBH'B h Uiaiabi b 
cdMH C«iaBiiBe, 4T0 HasajocB ewe Cb VII, YllI B,;a MOHceTx 6fijTb 
u paubmei (Taicib cm. Dpoqo. Arbht. b lopa. wh o4hom'b Mtcii. Qla- 
«»ap. C^aB. 4peB. § 18^). 

HastcTHbi Doxo4'i> BaH4ajOBi> bi> BcnaHifo h bx'b nocejeHiA 
Bi» aett, a dotom-b Bb AopBRi, r4'6 aapcTBo bx-b 4ep»cajocb 40 535 r. 

TaRBMb o6pa30M'b ewe UlaoapBRi* 4onycKa4i> 6biTuocTb Caa- 
BiiHii bt> AopBRt a Bb Hcaaaia, bi> nepio4'B V — YI b., a no Bcefi 
BtpoflTROCTB R 40Jb[ne, TaR-b RaR'b ll4auiB , po40M'b Hcnaaea-b a 
coBpeMeBHBR'b FeaaepRxa, roBopBTi* Dpo aero, hto oax aaaflj-b 
Hcaaeiio com Vandalis amnibusque eorum fafniliis. 

0TRja4b]BaH 40 4pyraro BpeMeaa no4po6aoe B3Cji40Baaie o 
BaH4ajax'b, 34teb yRasKy TOJbKo aa 04B0 coo6^a»ceHie, KOTopoe, 
Kaxii Mai RaacercB, D04TBepHC4aeT'b MbicJib,IIIa4»apHRa 6biTBocTa 
CjaBaacKofi cTHxia b'b BaB4ajiax'b, ROTopbie, no 04BBMi> (Vict. 
Viteus.) , nepeceJBJBCb bi> AopaRy bi> qacjit naTB4ecaTB , no 
4pyrBMi> (Procop.) ocbMB4ecaTfl Tucasb seaoBiRii. 

Cb. lepoBBM'b B'b nacbMt cBoeMi> rx Arepyxia B'b 409 r. TaRi» 
DHcaai> o BaH4ajax'b, ewe 40 00x04a bxi> bi* Hcaaaiio : Iiinume^ 
rabiles et ferocissimae oationes universas Gallias occuparuat. Qoid- 
quid inter Alpes et Pyrenaeom est, quid Oceano etRheno includitar, 
Quadus^ fVandalus^ Sarmata^ Halanu Gipedes, Heruli, Saxones, 
Burgundiooe8, Alem^ni et o lugeoda Respublica! hostes Pannonii 
vastaruDlD. (Cm. Zeuss. S. 450)« 

CMtio 4yMaTb, iTO no4i> BMeaeMi* Sarmatay hostes Pannonii 
cjii4yeT'b paayM^Tb ae Roro aaoro, RaRi> Cjaaaa'b, ROTopue 66319 
coaadkaia opacTajB rx BaH4a.iaMi> wh axi aoBbix'b aKB.iBwax'b aa 
^yaat. 6y4yia no BceB b'^pobthoctb opaaje^ieBbi R'b BBMik Cja-» 
BflHCRBMi* ajeMeaT0Mi>, y»ce npaaaTbiMi* GaeBaMH B'b 4yrax'b a 
oTTi Toro nposBanabiMB BaH4a.iaMB. 

1. HaM-b Bi Bucineii creneHH* crpaBBUHit RaKercfl, no caoeil BeocBOMrejibBo- 
CTH, aaHtiqaaie Be.iHKaro TepMaBCKaro <»HJO.iora H. FpHMMa: crfielleicht aoch ist Ye- 
neii aof Vandali entspruDgenn. (Gesch. d. deutsch. Spr. Ss. 476 u. 322). 



206 B. Il« JAMABCRAra, 

Buyrp^HBiii aecorjacia b yco6fliibi BasAa^OBi* ch FoTauB 
HcaaaiB TaRHce BaMeKaiorb aa paaaoodpasie bx% flapo^aaio co- 
CTasa. 

Bi> 534 — 535 r. B&iacapig paapyioBJii iiaa4fai^ecTBo Baa^a- 
jLOWh wh AopaK'6; 04uaK0 Roaenao aapo4uocTb BaBAa^oBi>, a cb 
TiiWh Bwbcrb a C^aaaai, Morja coxpaaaTbCfl eaie b'b VII a mikb 
VUl B. B noaxce ae TOJbRo sii A<ppBtfi>, ^o a bi> Hcnaaia. 

TaKBM'fc o6pa30Mi acropia CaaBAHb bi> AtppBR'b aaBUABTi* aa ae- 
ofixo^BifocTbToiaTejbaaro a D04po6aaro B3cat40BaB]ao Baa^a^axi*, 
o cy4b6axi bxi> bi Hcoaaia a bi» AopaRi. £c4b ace apaaaaBarb B'b 
BMXi> C^aBBBCRyio cTBxiio, TO BeB36'fc»cao paaK4aeTca BoapQci> — 
4Ba Depio4a acTopia GjaBflBT* B'b A^^paK'b — BaB4a^bCRifi u Apa6- 
CKiii aaxojflTca jb bi» RaRoS BH6y4b 4pyr]» orB 4pyra aaBfleBMo- 
€TB? BBbiMB cjOBaHB CjaBBBe, aB4aH>iuieca Bi» A^tpBR'b apa Apa- 
6axi>, BBtaa jih GB'64'fcBifl o Toanb, ito a npeHC4e aaxii HCHBa^a 
B'b A^pHR-fe BX'B coBdieHettflBRH, BO Bpeiieaa rocD04CTBa vh ueH 
Baa4ajoBi>? ae aaaua .la ara Cjaaaae B'b qacra Baa4ajiOB'b cbo- 
BXb coD^eMeaaBROBb a fbwh Bdaa^iao ae yca^aja m bosmohcro- 
CTM^ coxpaaeaia cBoeii aapo4aocTM a aa 6y4yinee BpeMa? 

HastcTBo* mo wh rpe<iecRRxi> BoficRax'b B'b Hrajia (B'b 537, 
540, 547 r.) cjyncBja CjaBaae; rto CTaaerb yTBepa{4aTb, <ito 
CjaBflue ae mocja y<iacTBOBaTb B'b bobcrI Be^Rcapia wh ero A4»pH- 
KaacROM'b Boxo4t7 

TaR6e Bocimeaie CjaBBaaMB A4*pHRa aecbMa rbpoarao; oho 
ace ae Morjio ocrarbca 6erb noc^'b4CTBiB a ae B036y4MTb 4pyrBX'b 
CiaBABi B'b noc^nieHiHM'b aroro Kpaa.CjiaBflae A4piaTB«iecKie, no 

BCefi BipOflTBOCTB XopSBTbl « «0 MBOBCeCTBOM'b Cy40Bl> Ope4Bpa-i 

BHMajB noxo4'b aa Anyjiio B'b 662 r. \ cj'fe4»BaTejbB0 eiue B'b 
RojoBBBi VU B. mofjib CaaBBBe nociuiBTb a CaaRjiio a A^paRy. 



!• B'b 923 r. GaMeoa'b BojrapcRiii, 3a4yiiarb saBoeBaaie 
Ilap«rpa4a, oTnpaBa.i'b nocjoa-b B'b dkaepayK) A^paRy R-b 4»aT.iy- 
My xaja4»y Apa6cR0My , ape4^araj'b euy BU^crb a4Ta aa Uape- 
rpa4'b a pa34'b4aTb 4o6bi<iy nopoBay. 

1. Paul. Oiac.De gettis Longobardonim. 1. IV. 0. XLVl. Qui Ajo cum anno et 
meoaibus quinque (662) Beaeventauuni ducalum regeret, Teuieotes ScUti cum mulU- 
tudine iiaviuin longe a civilate Seponio caalra pofoenint 



O CJABBUAYh Wh MAJIOfi A3IH, B^ A«»P0m H Vh BCDAHIB. 207 



MoacHO nojararb. <ito CnueoH'b, SHaa o aBaneuiH BiKOTopbi:si» 
Cjia8flBi» opB xa4B4»ax'B, aa^'i^B-icB aa bxi> boaioiiu» aar aaKJio^e-* 
Bifl saaBMBaro AoroBopa. C^aBBBe Kaacapii b Mo4a4»epT> eoie npa 
opeeuBHRt Moaaa (cji4. Ao 952 r.)* xa^aoi Mancypi, no.ib30Ba- 

JRCb 60Jb01BllB MBJOCTflMB. ObB, BOCBBTaRBbie Bl> MyC^JbHaB*^ 

cTBi, aBaBOMbie ci> aabiKoii'b Apa6cKBM'B, ae tojmco B3ycTHbiMi», 

BO fl DBCbUeBBblMli « COXpaBflJB OJlBdRO CBOIO Bap04BOCTb B CBOA 
43bIRTi. BblJIB CwiaBBfle Bt A4»pBRi B BO BpeMfl DOCOJbCTBa CflMeO- 

Ba: CjaBBBBfli> Macy4'B B-b 924 — 925 r. npadbU'b b3i> A^^pasa 
BT> CaiiBjiio B 0Bda4'ika'b aaMKOMii €B. Araeia. 

Kto Ba6ji04aji'b a aa coBpeMeBBoS AificTBBTejbBocTa a bii 
RCTopia TO BjiBBie, RaRoe aiffciorb cxo4ctbo BSbiROB'b b e4aB0- 
DueNeBuocTb aa Me9K4yBapo4Bbia oTBOQieaijif totb, Ba4iiocb» 
He cTaaeTift nepe^iBTb aameMy aaafbHaaiio o CaMeoaoBOM'b ao- 

COJhCTBi. 

Orb n« loBifl, 6b]Bmkro bi* IIaperpa4i « a 4pyrBX'b aaBicT- 
HO. RTo B-b nepaoS nojoBaat XVI ctoj. fi3biRi> CiaBBiicKifi dbij-b 
BecbMa o6bi«iea'b npa 4Bop'fc TypeuKOMii. flui» Saaojiii, BoeB04a 
TpaBCBjbBaflCHifi, ae me^iafl no4"iBBBTbCfl AacTpia, dtsKa^i B-b 
Ilojbniy. 04BHi> B3i> saiitsaTejbR'fe&uiBX'b Ji04e& Dojbuia XVI b. 
flpocjaB'b .AaccRifi coBiTUBajii ewy BCRaTb coioaa crb Typaieio 

OpOTBB^ ABCTpia, ROTOpyiO OB'b, BCTblS CjaBBBBB-b, TepniTb Be 

Morb; BBRoneiiii, no opocb6'ft Sanojifl, caMi> 0TnpaBB4CB Biillape* 
rpa4i>9 Ry4a npiixajx bi> 4eRa6p'6 1 527 r., a 4oroBopnb npoTBBX 
AacTpiB dbu-b D04DBcafl'b 20 oespaJB 1 528 r. ^ijo 6bLio yja- 
iReHO TaRii jOBKo a cRopo y 6^aro4apB CiaBaaaH'b , cjyacBBniBii'b 
npa 4Bop'ik GojiBMaaa. JaccRitt cbo6o4bo pa3roBapBBaji» no* 
CjaaaBCRB cb ero, BaaapflMB. Orb aero ocTaaca Be4eBHbiS BH'b 
Bi 6biTBocTb ero Bii TypuiB 4BeBBBRx, r4t iie3K4y npo^Bifb oa-b 
apHB04Brb cjoaa MycTa4»bi QaniBf po40M'b aai> Bocaia. «Mbi ci 
TodoK) 04Boro ojeMeaa, — roBopaji* oai> «IaccROMy, *— tu 
Anvh, a a BocHBR'b. He ecTecTBeaao jb jio6aTb CBofi Bapo4'b 6o- 
ite BCBRaro 4pyraro ? » ^ 

1. Krasinski (C-te Yaler.) Hist religiense des peoples Slares. Paris. 1853. p. 132. 
Ca. Ziokeisen (Job. Wilb.) Gesch. d. osmao. Belches in Earopa. Gotha. 1854. B. II, 
ii* '}59 -665, rj'b aroro oAcroiiTeabCTiia ae npMBn4HTcii. ^fleBBiirfc wlarcKaro — Actio 
Hierooymi Lascky apod Turi-din nomine regis Joannis, ■a4aHi» y KaToeu (Y. XX. 
p. 260 — 332). Kh covajlwin arorb tomi^ 6kWh aiB-b Be40CTvneB'fc. 



208 B. U. JAMAHGRArO, 

Bi» X Hce B'fcR*^ uapiqin CAdBAHCRUi 6b]jH ropaa^o S^Aiiace 
MeHCAy co6oio, H'fcM'b Bi» XVI B,, a coaeaHie GjaBaBi> e4BHCTBa 06- 
maro hx'b npoucxo^K^eaia dbu^ Tor4a bi» uhxi> »cHBie. 

He B3BtcTHo uoKa, cocTOfljB jiB G^aBMue ua cjiy»c6Ii y Apa- 

60B1> AifrpBRaHCRHX'b B BX XI B Bl* Cjt^. B^Ra? He CTdBy OTrb- 

saTb OTpBaaTeJbHo , raR-b RaR-b ue BBxcy ueo6xo4BMOCTB npe>t- 
noaaraik DOBB^euie bi» XI b. RaRo^ uB6y4b hoboh CB««bi« koto- 
pan 6bi paaoMi b iiopBaJa b BCTpe6Bja H nodyHc^eHiB, hto ci> 
04Hofi cTopoBbi sacTaBJiBjB Apa6oBi> npBHBMaTb Rl* ce6iCaaBAB'b 
.oxo4Bx.'b , BOJbHbixi> H ryjAuiBx-b jio4eu , a cb 4pyroH CTOpOUbl 
pyR0B04B^B CjaBHU'b DpB Qepexo4ax'b BX'b Ri) Apa6aM'b bi» Ao^pii'- 

Ky BT> IX X B. 

TaRT* RaR-b CjaBBB-b EBpoaeHCRBXT*, nepexo4BBUJBxii R-bApa- 
6aMi> vh A4»pBRy, RouenHo, 6o.ibmBBCTBo cocraB^ajiB C^aBHHe 
A4piaTBHecRie , to aoHATHa RaHceTca Ta yBipeHuocTb' uaina , qro 

dTBMl> B0C^'i>4HBMl» 4epe31> CBOBX-b 3eM4flR0B'b Becbua o6jerMeHbi 
6bMB Me»C4yuap04HblB CHOUieHIB Cb A<t>pBROH>. 

4y6poBUBRi», dTB yMuaa CaaBMHCRaa o6mBHa, atOT-b AApiarn- 
HecRiS HoBropo4'b, paao aasejicH c&.ioTOM'b b aaiajb pacinBp/iTb 

CBOB TOprOBblB CBil3B. B'b 868 r., BO CBB4'fcTeabCTBy KoBCTaHTHUa 

Earpauopo4Haro, cy4a ^yopoBuaaRia aepeBoaBTii vh Anyjiio 40* 

B04bB0 3Ha4BTe4bUblA CB^lbl. Bb 990 P. Bl* A4piaTB<ieCR0M b MOp'fe 

othbjib OTi>4y6poBHuqaBi> BeBeataae 04ho cy4H0 cb Rja4bio u'ib- 
HOK) BX 25 Tbicflsb 4yRaT0Bb, a Bb 997 r. 4pyroe cy4Ho cb ce* 

pe6pOH'b B BOCROM'b Bl» 12 TblCflRb aeRRBBOBl*. Ho BaCT0flTe4b« 

BbiMii Tpe6oBafliBMi» 0TT> BeBeuiaBCRaro ceBara , ily^poBiiBqaHe 
6biJB B03HarpaHC4eiibi; nocj'b 4ero obb 3a«jf04B4B iiBpi> cb Be- 
BeaieKi, npo404»<aBUiiiicfl HtcROJbRO 4'ikT'b. 

B-b XI B. HopMaHHbi 0B.ia4t4B GBUB4ieio, K94a6pteio b Aay<* 
jieio H ao4b30BajBCb BeMajbiMi* 3Ha4eBieii'b. ^y6poBBHR'b 3aR4io-< 
"^vkxh Cb BBMB 4oroBop'b , cor^acHO ROTopony Bi> 1 080 r. 4Ri 
6o4buiiB 4y6poBHflaRiB ra4epb] noMorajiB rBBCRap4y , RoTopbifi 
04ep3Ka4'b ao6'64y opa ^ypBUiio Ba4'b AjeRcfeeMi* KoMBBHoii'b b 
BeaeiiiaHCRflH'b 4uHceM'b. 

Bi> XII B. 4y6poBflBR'b 3aR4i04aeTi» ToproBbie 4oroBopbi Q:h 
Mo.lb<^eTTOlo bt* 1148 r., cb [JHaoio bt* 1169 r.; npn MaHyiuii 
KoMRBBi no4TBepiK4eubi $bi4B ^y6poBBB4aHaMi> cxapbiB npB- 



O CJABflRAX'B BT> MAJOS A3tfl| Vh A4>PHR« H BT» nCnAHlH. 209 ' 

t 

BH^jeriHf y 4a}Ke« 6jaro4ap>i dToro BMneparopa, ohu scTynujifi Bb 
cui03% reHy»3ueBi>, nHaaaaeBi* y AHROuaeBi> npoTnBi> Beyeiiiy y 
BHJbrejbMa, Ropoaa CyiiBwiiiiCRaro., I]ojyqHBi> ott> dToro we mm- 
oepaTopa npaao rpa2K4aHCTBa bi> Ulaperpa4t, BM'fccTt ci> caMUMy 
Bbiru4HbiMB npeyMymecTBaMy, Kynau ^ydpoBuyuKie npy KoMHy- 
uaxi>, wlacKapflx-b h KaHTaRyaflyb aaseay cboio ToproBJio no Bceii 
4peBaeB OpaRiy h 40 c^imob Itf. Aaiy. 

4y6poBHyRi» aocTOABHO cua6»caj['b RpecTOflOCueB-b BoeBBbiMy 
H ToproBbiMB cy4aAiy 4»ifl BepeBoaRB BOBC'Ra , oco6eBHo me ypa 
neat TpBropit III, B-b 1218 r. B-b 1240 r. obt* aaK^ioqy.i'b ci. 
OyiiujeMi» (C^aBaacRifi BpyMopcKi& ropoArt Ba lor'B oti> CnjyTa) 

iOrOBOpi», ROTOpblB, BO CJOBaMl> BOHTeBBBrO AnBeR4yBy, Bl> BblC- 

loeii cTeBeBB saM'bqaTejeBTi b acbo C06010 40Ra3biBaeTi , sto bi» 
TO epeMfl JLyfipoBBBaRiii ^AOTh 6hiA'h ywe 40CTaT0HB0 yaB-fecTeB'b 
Ba B0CTO4flbixi> H 3aBa4Bb]X'b. Mopflxi* (trattato curiosissiuio , il 
quale mostra , che la mariBa Ragusea era gia ib quel lempo assai 
accreditata per tuttQ Toriente ed occidente dei nostri aiari). G^a- 
BAHCKia Bocewieflia BiiGyayjiiy X b. ROBe<iflO Be morjy yxpaTBTb 
CBoey Bapo4BocTB bb vh XI, bb bI) XII b., T-bMi^ oojbe, 4to obb 
4ViHCBbi 6b]jia Raxo4BTbCB BTi BOCTOBBBOM'b o6ojieBiy Cl> CBOyiMy 
cooieMeBBBRaMB y 4aH€e seM^aRaHy; BaROBeu-b oseHb B'fepofiTBo, 
iTo flpBTurBBaa R'b ce6'k cyxi> Boewi'fc4BHX'b, ohb boctohbiio tbrI) 
CKaaaTb ocaincawia b ^B04Rp'6njfl4B cboio cryxiio C^aBaBCKyio. — 
Bi 1283 — 1287 r. 4y6poBByRi> aaRjioiyab cb aaMtqarejibHisil- 
iDHMH ropo4aMy Cyuyjiu, KaRi) aaap. cb CHpaRy30H), MercBuoio, 
EapjeTTOK), ToproBbie 4oroBopbi, bo KOTopbiMii 6bMB opeaneseiibi 
BaanMBbiA flpaaa rpa;fK4aBCTBa. Ilocj'b pa3Bbixi> Bec^acTiii, kbr-^ 
TO r0JO4a, Bo;Kapa, BopaaBBBiBX'B ^ydpoBBiiR-b or. 1289r., mho- 
2KecTB0 ilydpoBMBHaB-b xoT'fejo BORBByib CBOIO po4yBy B 6'6HCaTb 
B^ Cyayaiio, Kaja6piio y Asyjiio. 

Eeai) coMBtBia bb ocflOBaHiy *Bpe4^o»ceHBbi\'b ysBiiCTiii Hyra- 
TejiK) Be Tpy4B0 6y4eT'b Bpe/icxaBBTb ce6i Rapryay cHouieBiji 
4y6poBByRa Cb EryntoMi*, cb AopyROiO. BeHeain, bi* Roxopoii 
CjaBBBCRiii dJCMeflrb Cmai, Bcer4a qpeaBbi^iaBBO cyjeyii, euie Bb 
X B. Baxo4yjacb bi* caMbix7> TtcBbixi> cBi]^axi» Cb CapaubiBaMB \ 

1. AHApeif 4>B40Jo roBopnrb npo Aoma IleTpA ypceojo II doai 991 r.: nOmaes 
etiaoi Saraceaorum priocipes suis legalionibus beneruloft et amicos feciLu Becbxa 

YH, 3An. — GJI 14 



210 



B. B. JAMABGRArO, 



4y6poBHHHaiie n ApyrieC^aBABe AApiaTBiecKie Be MorjB BeHMbn 
B'b 3T0Ti> nepio4i» caMbixii T'fecHbixii CBoifleaiii ci> A^ppuRoii, KaRi» 
Henocpe4CTBeHHb]xi», TaKi» b aocpe^cTBeaubiti* lepea'b CHuajifo. 
HaKOHem> cym^cTByfori ooBiiiawibBbifi nOiijiHHflbiii BSBtcTiH o 
TnproB.i1i ^y6poBUBRa ci> AopMRoB, eine bi> nepBofi DojoBflBli 
Xlli B. MMeiiHo B-b AoroBopIs 4y6poBBBKa Cb BeBeuieio 1232 r. 
Me;K4y npoMti^i-b qoTaeMi*: «Praeterea Bagusini de merGibiis Roma- 
Diae quas Veneciani apportaveiiot, dabaot io Veoecia Coramuni 
VeDeciae quinque pro CeoleDario, et de mercibus tUtramartms et terrt 
Egypti^ Tonisst et Barbariae solvent qtiinttm. Et de metcibus regni 
Sicilie solvent quadragesitiiuiii Convmuni Veneciae. De Diercibus 
vero Sclavoniae in Venecia nibil solvere debeDt»« (Cm. Eogel. Gesch. 
d. Frevst. Ragusa. Wien. 1807. Anb. .ytf 1. S. 295 — 6). M3t> 
04iioii Cep6cKoB rpawoTbi (1253 r.) BB4aTb, «ito ^y6poBB<iafle 
Dpoiiauajii AH)Ae& 3a Mope — no Bcefi rb40ATB0CTB, B-b A^^puRy. 
(Cep6cK. CnoMCB. Jif 18). 

•aicHbi HHCHa no4nHCi>iiiaBninxcfl doai* 4oroBOpaMH BeaeaiaBCRiiMH: obb jymne acero 
o6jM4aioTi» CjaauBCKyio CTiixiio bi» BeBeuiu, bi> BcrpiH. TaKi* cm. Pactum Ter^esU- 
nae civitatis. 1202. Paganus, — Ca. Bruda, — A, de Dobrofin. — Lo, de Budincu — 
Jubanut. — Jit BoleMta, — Melicz. — Wocincu — To, Selavo* — Colman. — Marin 
Pilizar. — Triebez, — A, Ro*. — Colman Roi, — N. Budina. ^> Dominieus Pi$e%, — 
IViexco. — Bor. Wolziza, — Andrea Budineu — Walter Selavo, — Artuie Pilizar,-^ 
Staneo Crabre, — StoianuM Selavo, Blagoiit Peruinue, — Miro. — Darinoga (Tri- 
Doga). — Carciantte Ludic, — D. Boccaiinue, — iHtn'z. — Joannea Budina (TafeL 
1. XCVIV Cm. Prestito contrail o dal capitaoo Ruggero Preroariiio sulia flotta in 
Abido. (Romanin — Storia documeotata di Venezia. T. II. p III. Docom. VI. 1196. 
crp. 415 H cj.). — Pelro!* Baldo. — Berloloiun Bano. — Semue Ueo. — Petrus, 
Pangrati Cwfti nt\ raKxe Cunino. — Leonardus de Sarmata fcpa. Pelros de PaU?ia). — 
4»angrat. Barozi {y Baci> ecn <»aMHJia BapouiU,n^ orKj/aT). — Marcus Bmilouo. — 
Leun Vngarut. ^ BarthoL Greco, — Joanes Butini. Cm. Patto*di CittanoTa (ib. I, 
388, XVII. Tafel. 1, 294). — Florenti Flabanie, •* Job. Flabanic, •— Johes Rusmo, 
Cm. Promesi^H di non Teodere armi ai Saraceiii. 971. (ib. 1, 373. Tafel. I, 25). •* 
Joau. PlesegM. — Sign. man. Leonia Rouo, — Bi» jpyrom* h^ctIi n 6yAj RHtrb 
cjvHail roBOpBTL o6i> 8TnMi> noApoAH'te. a renepb uanoMBu, <iTo bi» oiaoli i-paMor^ 
* (6e3i> Ha<iaja) 4y(SpOBBHica, ue oOoaaaqeBBotl roAon, bo aecbua Apeaeeii, no c^ouawh 
niu^apBva (nese znaky oejhlub§iho rtafi...) ai nucj'b Btteu-b BaxoABMi»: poycuHb 60- 
jucb.iaeuhb. Cm. raaace 4oroa. Tp. kit. 4y<SpoBB. l^apcRjia reopri« c* Mbz. ActBeai 
n. Bo jr. npoT. Cre^. yponia Kpajifl Cep6cK. 1253 r. Bi> <iRCJi^ kjibboibzcb wh raep- 
40CTH a ueuapyinBMOcTH Aoroaopa r noAnBraaoiMXca bi> Koairb ero •iBTaeM'b co<$- 
CTBeHHbin HMena, cnaqaaa RBasB, dotom^ ejAeil a t. 4.. Bavoaemk crBeKbaaua uAk 
BeJbera Bena: -spbcaaKo npoAaasBKb....... poyeuHb nemposKb^.,, poyeuHb SeAb^uKh^ 

eAucu fjoycHHOhUHb,.. (Cep6cK. Cuom. 16. — lil^^. Pana. Jk* XVI). 



Bi» XIV B. 4oa o6cToiiTeji>eTBa oco6eHBO 6jlaroapiiiTBo ao<- 
iii^ficTBOBajM ra paSBBTie MopcRB&ib cBa'b 4y^poBBBRa. IlepBoe 
cocToajo Bi> Toiii», 4TO ceBaTb BeBeiuaHCKifi 4apoBaji> 4y6poBHU"» 
Mauam opaaa BefleuiaBCKBtii rpa3K4aBi>f opeBiiyaiecTBo, KOTopoe 
UBKoaiy 6oA'ke ae yeTyoaja BeBeiua^ BTopoe Hce oScToare^b- 
TTBo — eiiepTb CTe<i»aBa Fpoma DOCjit4Baro HeMaHflsa, cb ro« 
Tiipoft ^y6poBBB<iaBe noTepaBi* cbob npeRMyuiecTea bi» Gep6in, 
BCKjio«iBTejibBo o6paTBaa BBBHaaie aa MopcRyio Toproeaio, Oti» 
cyjTaBOBii ErHDeTCRaro« CapiiicRaro, HRoaiScRaro a BaeHBCRaro 
B 4pyrBiiii 8^34^X6466 AaiaTCRBXi, ^y6poBBBRy ope4ocTaBjieBa 
6bMa cBo6o4a toproBja, co Bctna npaBaiiu a apeaiiyuiecTBaMR, 

BaaBMBbiii o6opoBBr64bHbitt coioa-b ;Xy6poBBaRa c% FeflyeB B'b 
1378 r., opoTaBi) BeaeiiiB au'fiji'b BecbMtf Bbiro4uoe Bjiaeie aa 
pacmflpeuie ero HopcRofi roproBjii ^, Bib 1 385 r. 4y6poBHBR% aa* 
R4io*iaerb roproBbifi 4oroBopb c'b^'pauaieayapiiHeAi'b BbjroBopB4'b 
ce6t 6ujbiuifl npeaMyuieeTBa, Bi* XV b. Toproaja ^y6poBHBRa 
DpBHBMaerb orpoMBbie paaM'fepbi, ae 4apoM'b 4BBB4BCb eil coepe- 
MeaaBRB a roBopM4a, hto aatrii B-b EBpoat canaro o'r4a4eaaaro 
atcra, r4'fc 6bJ aejbaa 6bi4o BCTpiraTb RyaueBii 4y<^p<>BBHa- 
KHx-b^o. — Ha co6opt Ba3e4bCR0M']b bt> 1433 r. ^y^poBBBHaaaHii 

1. Appendini: Notizle i8torico-criUcbe,M II. Cap. IX. Commercio roarittimo 
de*Ragaaei. «Itaqiie omnes Ragusaei nali in Ragosio et ex eis nascituri de caetero 
lint civea no8fri VeDetiaruni, possint mercare tanqoam Icives Veneti navigaodo cum 
Da vigils nofftrisv. daM-feny paa'b aa acerAa, hto acfe apHaoABiibia muoiq HaaicTifl o 
4y6pOBaHV% aaaMCTBOiiaBiii avh GOHHBeBiji Anaea4iiBH, rpy^a craparo, bo bo jrcra- 
ptjai-o ■ DOBUBib Beautiomaro ceft'fe paaaaro, qro o^ieiib Ka4K0, raa-b vaKi> QyAb6hn 
4y(}po«Baaa avIUorfc BbicoKiil aaTepeci* amb aacii CjaeaB'b ocoGeaoo. 

2. AaneaABBii opH6aBjflen>: aCi> Toro Bpeaeaa 40 aacrojiinaro (1802 r.) reaya 
Auja 4Ja 4y<^poBBB<iaB'b rjaaauifb MtcroMi* bxi> Toproa^a bi> Cpe4BaeiinoMi» MOpt, 
Rarb aM4B0 ua'b 4JiHBBoii aajnaca aa nacoavb, nocTpoeaaott ^y^^pOBBHiiaBaMB e% 
1581 r. npa nepKaa ca. Mapia (Cbiesa di S. Maria delta CaBlellaoi dei Pp. Domeni- 
caoi) B-b Feayfe. Bi» aroii Ba4nBca Bapo4i> 4y0poBaaiiRitt BaaBaaii aMONaMumNJca. 
MopcHMMu nytnuMu — maritimi* itineribus illustrisa. 

3. najja4id <^ocko: «Hinc est, quod nulla Europae pars adeo abdita est, ita ad- 
Tenia infesta, ut in ea Rhagusanos non iofenias negotiatores. Habebant annts supe^ 
rioribufl (or. 1450 r.) cum ante Sepatos Veneti decretum jure suo, quocunque Tellent, 
DBTigare possent, na?es amplius trecentas, quas mercibus onustas in diversas orbis 
paites ad qoaestum mittebant». A66aTi» 4eBaaa : ml Ragusei, nazione flndallora traffl- 
caate, come lo ^ oggidi, content! per avTentura di ci6, cbe non faceTano i Napole- 
taai, cio^ di asportare ii soprabbondante del regno scorrerano Teraniente coUe )oro 



212 B. B. JAMABCKArOt 

' paapiiuieHO 6biJ0 ToproeaTb cl ueelipHbiMH; a bi> 1469r. ^y6poB- 
UHUKiii ceHaTi> BbixjoDoraj'b y nanbi IlaB^a II paaplineuie yao- 
Tpe6HTb Bi> A^AO dojkuioe KOjHiecTBo CBOBXi> cy40B'b. HaROBem>, 
I oBopiiT'h AnneH4uuii, h3i> uauioHa4bUbi\'b apxHaoBi* OTKpbiBaeTca, 
«iiu Bi> 1 5 1 r. ulv6poBHnHaHe aojyHaiOTi> oT-b cy^TauaMaiiejiOROB-b 
(AbuiiassarCausei Gauro) opaao Ha CBodo^uyio ToproBJio TOBapaain 
ErMina m CiipiH. TpaH3HTuaA ToproB^a TOBapauu Hb^ib, ^UBiuaa 
npe}K4e BiipyKaxi* u^hbx'b reHyaaueBii b BeHeiuaB-b, noRa ae oTKpbi- 
jH Mbici>4o6poH Ha4e»C4bi, B 40CTaBJABUiaA BMTi orpouHbiH 6oraT- 
cTBa, crajia, do4'i> ROHem>, RaRi> 6bi BCRjio«iBTejbHOio DpBBBjje- 
rieio AyopoBHBHaHi». Bofiiia BeHeuiaBi> ci> BaaaeTOMi*, apBHy^Bja 

MX1> B31> onaceHlfl ROpcapOB'B, BbiaeCTH B31> DOpTOBli ErBDT'a, Cfl- 

piu B ApxBnejara Bci^ cbob TopioBbie cy4a. IIo tob ace npB*iu- 
h1> b Feuyaaiibi orpaHB^Bja cbok) ToproBJio Cpe4B3eMHb]M'b mo- 
peMi> B nopTaMB CtaepHaro oHeaea. TojibRO ^|^6poBBBRi> 4Ja 

ap040JIHCeHiN dTOfi TOprOBJB 6blJ'b paBBO DORpOBBTeJbCTByeUli B 

AHCKseMii BctMB 4epH€aBaMB, oco6eHHO Hce BeHeiiiaHaMB, ROTopbie 

MHOrO CKpbUB Cy40Bl> CBDBXTi B T06apOBT>, B'b raBaHAX'b ^y6pOB- 

HBRa, BSii 6oa3HB BapBapiHcRBxx nBparoB'b. Cenarb ^y6poBHBa« 
RiH aaRJKtsBJi'b Tor4a Hce 4oroBopi> ci>I]opTOio, no ROTopony Bcb 
4ep»caBbi, 6biBmia 6i> BofiBi cb TypRaMB, uorjB 6e3onacHo yRpbi- 



nayi per tutte le parti del Mediterraneo, ma Don conUTansI fra le polense marit- 
timen. Phko : aLes habitanU (4y<>poBHHRa hjb Paryau) faiaaient autrefois un grand 
traflc dans les parties occidentales de I'Europe; et on dit, que ces grandes et Tastes 
Caraques, que I'on appelle Argosies si fameuses par la grande cbarge, qu*elles 
portent, ont 6le appellees ainsi par la corruption du mot Ragusies, qui Tient de celui 
de Ragusen. 4»ioBaBHH EaTTucra AMajbreo: tfErwi ancora (in Ragusa) bella occasiooe 
di far trafflcare, n^ercare, e di ten^'r riro qualcbe danaro per ria di LeTante, o di 
Spagna, o d'lngbilterrau. (Cm. AnneHAHBH raii-b me). 4y<$poBHHini 6hij-h orRpuTun-b 
yO'bacNmeii'k 4Ja BUiOAueBi* Bci.x'b cort4UHii> CTpaai*: «multi ex proximis region!- 
bus lilyrico, Macec|onia, Epyro, Graecia, Italia, eo babitatum couTenere; civitatis ma- 
gis institutis ac moribus, quam sol is felicitate uUa captin. (Lud. Tuber. Comment, de 
temporib. suis lib. V. $ VI). Tott. se Ty(Jepi. roBopHrb no cjyqam opito^a lOpia 
EpaukoBMHa bi» 4y<^poBBHRi» H OTABHU HM'fc BB coxpauesie B-b 4y<SpoBaBrb cBoero 
HMymecTBa; aCum fldei Senatus Ragusani sua omnia credidisset: Rayusanl, neque ter- 
rore Turiaruro, quo fere Europa id temppris magnopere perculsa erat, neque uUo 
praemio adduci potuerunt, quo minus fidem serT4rent. Quam profeclo constantiam, 
Amurathem Otbomannum, Turcarum regem Tebementer admiratumi dixisse ferant, 
urbem baud facile perditum iri, in qua scilicet taoti ducitor fidesa (ibid. L. Y. $ VI). 
Ue TBRT. roBopBJ-b lOr^pra npo Pbmi! 



O CJIABflHAX'B Bl» MAJOfi A31I1, Wh AOPHK'B H B'% HCnAHIIf. 2t3 

Barb cy^a CBon Bib nopTaxii ^ySpoBUBaKuxi*. TaKi> h BeiieiiiaHe 
Aep'SKOJiU Taiii> Ropa6jH' cboh. Kor4a me bo BpeMH coio3a Kau- 
opeiicKaro, BeBeaiaue, Bcio4y paadHTbie, 6poiiieeHbie a HeHaBH4ii- 
Mbie Bceio £Bponoii, apeoopymjiH ce6fl ^y6poBHHKy, to yMHbie 
ero rpaHC4aBe, He uaBjeRaa ua ce6H y Ti>HH uey40B0JbCTBifl coi03- 
UHROB'b, cbCBOUMi* UB'f^TyuifiM'b ojoTOM-b cua6HcajB BeHeuiEO iKjr'fe-* 

OOIIT* H BCfclfB Bl> H306l1ji[l. 

TaROBb] 6bMH ToproBbiH cuoDieBia ^y6poBHBKa ci> A<i»pHKofi: 
oHH oc^ia6'kwiu, HO ue npeKpauia^HCb h B-b cj'fe4yiomie B'bRa. 
Ile^b3fl yuo^iiaTb 34tcb o6i» 04H0M'b oocTOBTeJbCTBt, ROTopoe ue 
Morjo He 6jaronpiHTCTBOBaTb dTUM'b cuouieHiaM'b. ' 

B'b 1517 r. £rHQeTi> 6bijii> 3aBoeBaui> TypKaMH, npa MeaeR- 
34b-ArBpa4»-TyMaH-6e'fc, uocA'kA^edAi> cy^iTaH'fe hsi* BTopofi 4MHa- 
cTiB> MaMe^iOROBi), MepRaccRofi, r6o nepsaa AiinacTia EarapiiTORi> 
6b]jia B3'b TypRouauoB'b h rocB04CTBOBaja B'b ErHHT'b cb 1250 
00 1381 ^.^ 



1. Cm. UUloire des sultaos Mamlouks, de TEgypte, 6crile en Arabe par Taki- 
Eddin-Abmed JVIakrizi, trad, en IVaoQ. et accunip. de notes philol., histor., geograph. 
par M. Quatrem^re. Paris. Kavoe siraneDie mm^b stb HaMeJioBU, pa<{u' B'b RrHUT'fe, 
■osBO BHA^Tb ua-b cjOBi* MaKpB3B npo cyaTauaBfejeKii-Maiicypa Kejayiia f-j- 1290r.): 
(tCe prince avait k son service douze mille mamlouks, ou, suiyanl d'autres, sppl mille; 
ce qui est plus conforme h la v^rit^. Plusieurs d'entre eux furent promis au rang 
d'emirs; quelques uns mdme, parvinrent ii la dignite de sultan. Parmt les mamlouks, 
il en arait choisi trois mille sept cents, originaires de TArm^nie et de la Circassic, et 
les plaga dans les tours de la citadelle, d'oii ils prirent le nom de Bnrdjisn, (T. If, 
p. 111). BoT'b 4T0 roBopHTi* 4yiioBHKi> TyCepi* o MaiieJiOKax;^ HepKaccKHii* bi» 
ErHBT^: «Pontica gens, quae inter Maeutim et Pbasim iocoHt, vulgo Cercassos vocant 
ad banc militiam delecta. Inde greges ser?orum abducebantor; partini Hberi a paren- 
(ibus venundati, qui sane nihil sceleris eo facinore se suscipere putabant^ exist! man- 
tes, proleni suam non in serTitotem abduci, verom in imperium mitti; partiro a Tar- 
taris, Maeotis accolis emti, quos illi Ponticas regiones incursando, captos cum Syris 
mercatoribas, turn veste, turn pecunia permutabant. Hi ser yi ad Calipban» perdacti, 
hominit^us armorum et equitandi peritis, dividebantur; quos illi in disciplirtam accep- 
tos omnes equestris militiae artes edocebant, quotidianisque fere exereitationibus ac 
pugnae simolacris, expeciundo, eorum corpora siraul et animqs ad bellum acuebant* 
Caeterom, imp^Tium frande quaesituro, baud allius radices egit; cum praesertim non 
suis, sed alienis Tiribos inniteretur. Nam serviles animi, posteaquam se justo exercitu 
aactos Tire:>que regni ex se pendere vfderunt; reputaoles perfidiae praemiom regnum 
fore: inito inter se consilio, adversum Calipham coujurant. Cor enim sacerdos, cu- 
randis sacris constitutns, qui in otio aelalero agit, quippe qui nusquam e cubiculo 
prodit, Ternm in self;^ aurea residens, pulTiUis purpureis ionixus, ne byberni quidem 
8olis patiens, quasi animal epulis desUnatum, sese intra saginando, regnam potius 



Xotii u9^ TepdepniTeHHa h bsbIjctiIo Haiiii*^ 4to MepKecbl ytfo- 
tpe6.iAjfl B'b dorocjy^eHiu aabitcb CjasflHclcill, a Hepicacbi IIhth-- 
ropctcie y roBopHJU 4aHce no CjaBflHCKH, lern fl y6t4fl^flCb ubj 
Bbime o A&BuiAX'h oocejeuiaxb PyccRuxi> ua «Zlufly a o 4aBHHXTr 
CHoiiieuiiii[T» hXi> cb KaBKaaoM'B, xoth apHBe4eHBbifl uana Bbime 
caoBa rierpa Ae 4a Ba^ije o 4epRecaxii« HcaoB'fc4biBaBinBxi» xpa- 
criaHCkyio rpeneCKyio B'ibpy* uo 6e3'B RHunb a i^BflmeHaaROB^^ 
ameHHo o Ton-b^ sto ((oaaf D04B4flcTflbie paajaqubittiy MapaaMii 
HCHByTi* rpade'^estii a Be4yTi> noctoauBbia boShm to ct Tara- 
paMB, to CB JeatBHaMB } ottofo-to raKoe MuoxceCTBo paooB-b 
a pa6biHb HepKeccKaro, PyccKato^ TarapCKaro a ^AearaBCKaro 
npoBexo3K4eHifl^ ROTopbixi* npo4aioTi> Ha Bceltii BocroRin, xora 
Cwiosa dTB a ae Moryr'B a ae 40J3KHbi 6biTb oTBocaMbj TOJbKo 

Kli 04H0Aiy XVll B4B XVI B.4 UO BtpUbl OBB B OTHOCBTe^bHO 

4peBH'l>iiuiaro BpeMeuB a oneub hcbbo uanoMBuaiOT'b aaifb c«ioBa 
Apa6cRaro aaCaTeja ^.aMeuiRa (f 1393 r.)^ ROTopuK yRaaaBi* aa 
o6uiHpH0CTb npocTpdHCTBa, aacejeuHaro CjaBfluaMB, apn6aBaj'b: 
unoTOBfy-To a uaxo4u.iB CjiaBflHcRaiti> aa'bHHBRoB'b bi> Au4ajy3ia 
a B'b Xopacaui, oo upasaat rfexi* bohui»^ ROTopbia bcjb oua cb 
TypRaMB a CbTpeRaMBD, xotn^ noBTopaeH'b, cjOBa^ CRaaaaabiH bii 
Uaperpa4ii 4yMHbiM'b 4BopauBHOMi> VicA^^h^hhiWh (bi> 1594 r«) 
DTi> BMeaa £(. 8e4opa, aac^yacBBaiOTi* BaaMaaia a aaCTaBjaiorb 
aaayMaTbCfl, t. e. aaaaasaja Ka$ap4BHCRie a TopcKie HtspRaccRie 
Ruaaa a lIleBRawibCRofi 6bUB xowioaa aauia PaaaacRax'b npe^'bjoBTi, 
a 0Ti> aaci t&kmdiAVk ci> Paaaua a BCejBjaCb b'b ropbi, a 6b ja 
^edioMTi oTuy uameMyDt xora, roBopio, acb ara aaB'tcTia a noaBO- 
diaiorb ape4tio.iaratb', qto b^ lacjili MaMe^ioROB-b £raneTCRMXi» 
6biBajfl aPyccRie JK)4a, 04HaR0 Bcesae ara cBi4iHia a coo6paMce^ 
uiH ae4ocTaT04Ubi aah o6'biicHeaiH HB3Kecj'fe4yiouiaro aecbua jio- 
6onbiTHaro a coBeptneaao necoMakHHaro GBM4'fctejibCTBa tl. Jobib* 
A^fl ero od-bacueaifl Ha40 apadtruyTb Ri> 4pyroMy e4BHCTBeuH0 



temperafet, quam milites? sine quorum armis, sudore et sanguine, neqne imperium 
ampliari, neque tutum reddi queat Itaque misso ad Caliphflm nunlio, Jubent illom 
sacra duntaxat capessere; Tetilo eo, pro imperio quidquam de caetero agere. Bxtorto 
Caliphae regno, cum w^rrorum imperi^im ad ducentos fere annos dnrasset, tandem a 
Turcis hunc in modum delelum esU. (Comment de temporib. snis. 1. X. S Xlll — y 
IIIaaB4TBe pa}k 



O CJABIIHAXli B^ HAJOfi A3IB, B^b A^^PBR'B H Vh HCnAHIH. 215 

BOdMOHcuouy B Becbua BtpoBTUOMy ape4no JOHceuiio , Koiopoe, 

IfOSKHO 0a4tBTbCfl, GjAeJ-h BT» DOCa MCTBlfl OnpaB^aHO nO^^HBHblMB 

B TOHHbiMB mobcTiHUB^ PaayMtio 34tcb ca'b4yK)uiiii caoea loeia: 
«Moschov]tae Illyrica lingua, Illyricisque Uteris utuntur, sicuti et 
Sclavi, Oalmatae, Bohemi, Polooi et Litbuaoi. Ea liDgoa omnium 
loQge latissima esse perbibetur, nam Constantinopoli Ottomanorum 
ID aula familiaris est, et nuper in Aegypto apud Mempbiticum Sul- 
ibaoum et equites Mamaluchos baud ingratis auribus audiebatur. 
Id banc lioguam ingens multitudo sacrorum librorum industria 
oiaxime divi Hieronymi et Cyrilli, translata est\ t. e. ((Mocrorhtu 
roBoparb oo-EIjaBpcKB b DBmyTi> Hjjbpcrbhb 6yRBaMB, raRHce, 
KaRi> B CjaBfloe, ^^^BaTbi, EoreMiibi, EToaaRB b .iBTOBiib]. droTi* 
a3biKi> pacupocTpaHeH'b 6oJbme bc1>xi> Hacrbi'b: TaKi> obi> oCumen-h 
BT» KoHcraiiTBBonoj'b npB 4Bopi OrTOMauoBii, b eme He4aBH0 6b] ji* 
Bi> qectB B'b ErBnrik y Cyaraua MeM€i»iiicKaro b y MaMejioKoe'b. 
Ha aTOTib aabiR-b npeBuyaiecTBeBHO Tpy4aMB cb. lepouuMa b Kb- 
pHJja aepeBe4eBo aejBRoe MUOHcecTBo CBameanbixb RHBri»». 4aa 
o6i»flCHeHifl aToro Jio6oDbiTBaro flaadkcrin Beo6xo4BMO npBd'trnyTb 
K'b TOMy npe4aojo}KeBiK), ^ro CiaBBBe 3a4yBaikKie b A4piaTBHe- 
cRie B B'b nocj'b4yioiiiia BpeueHa aocji'k IX — X b. nepexo4BviB R'b 
ApadaMTi B'b A«»pBRy, DOjy«iaJB TalI^ 3Ba"iBTejbHbifl nitcTa h noji>- 
aoBajBCb BCwiBRBM'b ysa'/i^eBieMii. EeacDopHo, ito ToproBbiH ('bh^^b 
^y6poBHBRa B Boo6uie CwiaBflBi> Cb ErnnTOMi) 6buiB rimiy oo.ier- 

1. p. Jorii NoTocoroensis libelhis de legat. Basil, magui priucipis MoschaTiae ad 
ClemeDtem YII^. Basileae. MDXXTIl. 4-to. p. 32. Bajb6HH-b (Dissert, apologetica pro 
liogua slarooica. Pragae. 1775. p. 63) roBOpBTi*: aPaucas caeterarum liuguarnm am- 
pijtodine terrarum, et populi cum slavica posse cooferri, enunierat liber Billiothecae 
Valtcanae plarima populorum nomioa, qui slavica liogua utantar, additque Turcis 
Dunam familiariorem esse, a quibos Aulica, Regia, et Imperatoria appelletur, quod 
▼elat apod oos in Aulis italica, aut gallica, sic in Aula magni Turcae Proceres omnes 
JBcusae^ Vexiriij ac pro?iociaruni Rectores per delicias slavica utantur». Ahi KpaciiH- 
Quiiky Bit CBoeMit' TpaKTardb o ITo jbmlt, nHcauBOHi* 4Jfl FeiipHxa Ba.iya bt> 1 574 r., 
nepoHHCJHB'b mewt/ky opoHHMi* Bapo4bi CjaBaecKie. npOito jvaer-b : oWszystkio te na- 
rody nazwisko slawiaiiskich nosz^, i mowy slawiadskiej z mal§ r6zuic§ dyalckldw 
Dzy waj^. Ale i narodowi toreckiemu nie obc^ jest mowa Slawian, a na dworze Kon- • 
stantynopolskim' chqtnie j4j $\uszaj^; co zt§d, jak s^dz^ poihodzi, ze sultan turecki 
prawie wszystkie kraje slawianskie pod swoje panowanie zagarn^l. Wielu takie 81a- 
wian, przyj§wszy religif mahometaAsk^ u sultana wojskowo sluzy». (J. Kra«iAskiego 
Polska czyli opisanie topograficzoo- polity czne w wieku XYI... przeUum. przez Stan. 
Badzi^skiego. Warszawa. 1862. sir. 25—26). 



216 fi« 0. jAiiAaGRAro« 

qeHbi qpeaBbiqafiuo. Mo»cuo caft-io HaA'tflTbCiHt mo ne TOJbKo ttay^ 
^euie 6y4yimiiiii GjaBflucKHMu opieHTa^ncTaiiii BOCTo^Ubixi» iic*- 
TOHHuKOB'b, uo II CTapaTc^bUbje uoacKB G^asjiBHCtoB'b BiyapxHsaxi* 
Bi>Hbi, BeHeiUB h ^a^iMauiu oTKpoioT'b BeMa^ie coBepineaBO ho- 

Bbl\l> 4aBHblX'b, KOTOpblUl) 6bITb UOSKBTb CySK4eflO OpOJBTb Be- 

o>KU4aHHb]n cB'JkTi» ua uticoTopbia Aoceji sara^oiHbifl b reMBbia 
flBjeiiia EBpoaeBcROB b BocToqaofi BCTopia. — Xaujmi^f Muq^fi — 
Ajenuo, Emner-b — uapo4Ubia BaaBaaid ara noua4aioTCfl yace bi» 

aaiDHXT* OaMATHHKaX'b CO 2**0tt BOJOBBBbl XV B.| a Bap04U0CTb 

dTux7» uaaBaaiii yKaabiaaerb, KaKT» copaBe4jiBBO aaM^qeao H. H* 
Cpe3BeBCKHH'b« ((Ba npflMoe BJiaaie ToproBuea'b Pyccicaxi*, BjIB uo 
KpaiiHeii M-fcp'fc aa opaAioB nepeB03i> ToBapoBi> Cb Tixx wbcTh, ea 
KOTopbia yKaabiBaioT'b axii aaaaaaiaS. 

1. yq. 3aD. H. A. H. Kb. II. Bua. 2. C. 228. Pa««J0SH<ifc •'b csoei JiotfoDur- 
uoik KHori paacKasuuerB 06% 04Boil orpacjiH PyccKott npoHuoueBHocTH, BOTopaji 
Cea-b cuiiBliBia HiteTi> secbiia aaAiBBa.... Bi Eranrti obi* doctobbbo Bcrp'feqaj'i* m^a- 
Bbiil Taai> c"i> ABo^Bkim* Anom-h — mtnufm, h v^buH RyBuim'k xpacHBoi ♦opMu ch 
iLiMHBbiHi> yaKHM'b BOCROvb — u6piluni. tfCKaaaHBue Tumru ■ adpHRH, — no cjio- 
BdMii Pa^ajOBHsa, ^p- sea^'b bb Bocroirb B%6ojbinoH'b ynorpetfjieBlB ; no«iTH bc^ ko- 
Mopue uat cjjr<iaJocb BBA'bTb, BSAtJiB MocioacKaro ■ CBa^areau Pjcckbhii ♦a^pMH- 
Bbi.M-b KJieilHOH-b, UAH 0IC9 nputomosMWA w KoHCfiummuhonoMb PyeexuMu macmB- 
poMu B-b BTOHii ropo^li utuB TaKoro RysmBBa Cb 40xbbrok> ae 6o4biiie 7 ii4h 8 
pyCa. cepedp.M <Pa«ajOBB4b (A.) IlyTein. no HHSBeHv ErBory m sayrp. oAj. 4eJbTfai. 
Cd6. 1850. C. 93). Boo6me auai o^paaiaiODiBHCB wh OojbmaacTB'b aoaaTiBirb o 
paaofiiueaBocTB 4peBaett AO'lletpoB€Koil Poccia cb ocTajibBUM-b ■ipotf'b cyaueao no- 
TepatTb aaaHBTejbBoe aaMliHeaie; uaiib RaaieTCB, hto OB'b cTOJib aie copaaeAJHiu, 
KBKb Be aea^ pacnpocTpaueaaoe Mataie o tomi, qro Pyccaitt aapoii'b 40 aanajia 
XYIII B. BeaMtjrb (ty4T0 6u caoett cjoaecaocTH. flsBbcTao saa^ieaie CojyBB — Pyc- 
CKie noctma^B ero B34aBBa. TaRi onacuaaeTb ero Bapcxii bi> 172a r.: aPpaii'b oauft 
(CojjrBb) BOBCTBay npecjOByTUJI ecTb, ae 4'bQOTOio a KptnocTiH), ao serxocrin a 
npacTaBHiaeab aeMBua-b a BOABbm; raiio 60 npaxo4Hfi> or-b l|apBrpa4ai orb Eran- 
Ta, OT'b Beaeuia, 4>paBaia a OT-b Aarjia Ropa64B A^iomxB^ TaRoatAe a ao sevjra orb 
UtaaeBb, HTajiaaaeB-b, l>04rapoB'b, Cep^oai, /ij^JMXfo%'h a on* acei MaReAoata, u 
omh PyccKou yitpauHu Toprooubi paajaMaue, Majue a Beaakie, npaBOcamie paaaue 
0T0BCH)4y Toaapu; rpa^i* toti 3'b40 AOBo^eab ecTb B'bnam'b, aaaaaHeate BiiX4'b6t» 
a np. (I, 160). — aBii Co^vat 40BOJbHO 4M)4ell BcaRaro aapoAa, 70 ecTb HTa4iaBCRa- 
ro, ^paunyacRaro, raomaacKaro, Bojocaaro, Pycnato, Apaacaaro, ApaayTcaaro, 
BojrapcKaro a npoqiaxxD (ib. 161). ^ecTOKO 6hi ooiatfca Torb, rto ctrji* 6bi yraepM- 
ABTb, HTO aanp. Bb XVII, XVI b« a Aaaie npe«4e, PyccRie ae no( tma4a Coayaa a Be 
BCBJH Bi* BeMii; afio o6cTOATejbCTBa, 64aroiipiflTCTBOBaBUjiB PyccKaiib bi> aa«iaj1> 
XVIII CT0.1., cyoiecTBOBajB a paabioe. 4aBiiaaiBiB a hoctobbbub cbbbb Ob Bojra* 
paan, Cep6aaa, ^aace cb ^y6poBBBRoab (06b aroab Bb Apyroait a^rb) a Cb Aeo- 
aoMb (c«. aaap. XpacT. 4t. 1853. 4; II. C 290—317) aaaaoHHja Pyecaax'b ■ cb Co- 



I 



O CJIABAHAXli Wh MAJOfi A31II, B^ A^frPBR-fi H B'B BGDAHIH. 217 

Ca aaBoeBaHieMii EruaTa TypKaMH (1517 r.), CdaBiiHCRaii Bb 
BeHi> cTu»a 6e3i> coMHtBin He Hcseaja BOBce: 6'brjbie, ryjfliuie 
B BojfiHbie JI04B H3ii4epH0ropbfl, Aji6aHiH, TepaoroBBUbi, EochIh, 
C^p6iH, 6e3i> couH'feHifl d&ctohhho neped'brajB Bit A<t»puKy u bt» 
XVi — XVIII CTOJ.^ RaRi> nepe6'ikraaR 40 HOB'ib8iDaro BpeMeuu; 

CBfl3B 6bl.IB CJUiaROMl> CTapblfl, OyTb C4HmK0Ml» B3BtCTHblH, BOC- 

noMBBaHifl cjiamROMi* caiHcia, sTo6bi CjiasflHe He no^^aoBa^HCb 

Bill>; npHTOMl» MUOffCeCTBO CjaBBHti, npBHllBUIHXT» flCJaMH3Ml> u 

coxpaBBBuiHX'B CBoio Bapo4HocTb, cocTOHJio Bi> dTo BpeMfl ua cjyH<6t 

jyaeH^ Uowoabbo ce6^ npHsecTH C4'fe4yioaiifl cjosa nnoiia napeenia. CoOpauoBCb aa 
AeoB-b, B-b 1839 r„ OB'b npBfibU'b bi MaqaB'b: «Bo I7>a4'6ace xpacTiaae aecbMa ao6- 
pue ■ crpaBBonpiBMBue; secbaia 6ujb paAU, qro mu apamje K-b ubmi AtJHTb bxi> 
CKop6B ■ nro Typemcoen. Obb aiajoBajBCb aa npHrbcaeaia Tjpoirb — aajaAUKa 
rpeKi. B-b aaiuB A'ikja ae BxoABTb a aacb ue aamamaer-bD. — aCia zpacriaae po/iy iia- 
auBaeaue Pomubh, o/ieauy hocbti. Bojrapcayio, a roBopar-b aauKOM'b BjaxiiftcRBii'b. 
Mu ■x'b pacopocBJB b Dyra ao Ca. Fopy ; icoAiiB'b njrrb ropaMB, xoma u fio6Auotce^ 
MO Ha,iteMh 66Abtue eeAa lypet^n; xomn nuui,eio u ^ydeme de«04bKbi, ho eoMz dy^ 
dema tunpinmnOy da u weopumb no-Typet^KU ne aHoeme; a dpytou nymt MBpon no 
(^pety Ayna/i do comoio Pyu^yira, ez xpucmitmoMu HatuuMu Pomwh/imu; adttcb dxa 
tfoea AyHXtt^e : u iiMuirs «m aKaeine, « uaMU 6ydemn ydo€no^ u nuw,eK> ffydeme doeoAbHU. 
A orb ^ymyKB nott^yrb Bojitapbi -r- moone eatub, do^tb 40 caHoll Ca. Topu. A raHb 
a^Boro rpeKaiiH noAdemea. Mu no6jaro4apflJB bxi aa CTpaaaojioGie a aa aacraaje- 
aie, M DoaiejajH BM-b repa^aia aocMTb Taacaoe aro TypeiiKoe, b Taioce) htoGu 
ropno4b oocaopM axi ori^ BeroiOCBo6o4BJi>; obb cKaaaaa: «aMBBb». Mu se, npo- 
CTMBoiHCb, nomjiB aai rpa4a* A obb aacb dpobo4BJb aa aacraay b noRaaajB aaHi 
oyTbA. (II, 38). Borb aaaaa aapTaaa xootcdetHu BaioBxi crapux'b npe4K0B'b! 3aH'b- 

TBH-b TOJbBO, <1T0 40 TypOKl, B> XIV, XIII, XII B., DyTb PyCCKBM'b BB AoOBli, B-b 

Cdjyab, dujfb eme doj'be o6jerqeB'b. crXpacriaBe CKaaaJB HaHii, vn nyxb 40 ca. 
ropu AeoBCKoii oma Pyw^yna 48 dneu xody b nepenacajB aaM-b BCh ceja>». (ib. 47). 
KoBcraBTBB'b nop<»Bpopo4Bbitt nyTb vai B^rpa4a aii Cojiyab onpe4'^Jaj'b Heabme, 
Tbai* vh 8 4iieli. (De adra. Imp. C. XLII). OpanoMBBii'b TBKse 4aBaBinBia nocejeaia 
PyccRHxi Vh BuatniHBX'b ^yBattCKBxnb RBaarecTBax'b. 4epe3'b CojyBb Pyccaie ae 
BorjB ae BM'bTb cBomeailt b cb Erflnroirb, rbHi 6oj1^e, mto 40 1517 r. aaux'b C«ia- 
BBBCKiif vapud Memphiticum sulthannm et equites Mamalachos baud ingratis auribus 
aodiebatars. npB paacMOTp'feBifl Bonpoca o 40CTyBBOCTH PyccrcBivb EranTa aejbaa 
TepBTb aa-b Bfl4a b caomeBitt bxi* cb CBpien b QajecTflnoio. Bapcaiit raai* paacaa- 
auaaerb o npRtiuriB 080611% vh ABTioxiK> (aoaftpb 172A r.): 11840x11 aa Toparame b 
B04BopMxca ByDflo Cb ToproBiiaifB B-b 4Bopt o^meMi, noaeaie rawo al^cTb CTpauao- 
opieMBUXii 40Hoaii bjh rocTBUBBirb 11 aaare 84aaia nepaBu, K'b Tony ace b xpHcriaae 
ae Biiy-rb o6biHaa crpaaaux'b asaTB wh AOWh m aomeeax'b aynao en moptoetttOMU 
rp6«iecBHHH, npuweAbUi(iMu offiB aeMAH BojoapcHou oma tpada ^PuAunnonojm^ aace 
aa yro€TBiiia rpaaeaoK) ■ 04pOM'b hoctbo, aoapaAoaainaca 60 atjo, aao aauROMi 

BXl* 666^4088X1*, Rl» TOHy Bie H Bap041> BXl OCTb eCTeCTBeBBO CTpaBpOJK>6Bai»». 

(1, 337). Caomeaia PyctRBXi co Ca. 3e«jeio 6ujui ofijerneBu cBoiueBiajni 4pyi'BXi> 



218 B. B. JiAMAHCKArO. 

y Qoptbi, ni^ROTopbie Ba-b HHX'b aojbaoBajHCb orpoMHUifb aaa- 
«ieBieMi», cji40BaTejbB0 CjiaBflucRiti BAeueuTh mopb opouBKarb 
B'b ErHueTii qepea-b caMO opaBBTeJbCTBO TypeuRoe; bi>XVI, XVII ct. 

TblCfllB PyCCRBX'B HeB04bHRR0Bl> TOMRjIlCb B'b D^tHy y TaTapi* B 

TypoK'b, BMH opoH3B04Hjiacb 3Ha«iBTejbuaa ToproBJia b Konequo 
OHH ooua4ajB b b'b EraaeT'b, r4'b Baxo4BJii cbobxi* conjeMeuuB- 
R0Bi>9 RQTopbie 6e3i> coMH^Hia o6jer<iajB bx'b TaxcKyio y«iacTb. 
HaROBeai> ToproBjifl b MopcRia CBJbi JlyCpoBBBRa B'b npo4oj»ceuiB 

Bcero oiecTua^kaaTaro b B'b oepayio ooJOBBBy ceMHa4aaTaro cto- 

' ■ >. 

CjasflHii npaBOCjasauxi — Eojraporb, CepOoa-b, ROTopue bo apeMCHa CBoeB ue- 
aaBHcuHocTH sepTBoaajH 6oJbiiiie BKJa4bi B'b lepyca,iiiH-b, MOHacrupb cb. CaBBU ■ np. 
Cm. BocTORoaa: OoHcaiiie pnceil A. C Hopoaa; oaaa udrh uaxi*— Tpio4b iivfeTaaii, 
DHcBHa B'b 1374 r. aa CHHattcKoit ropt 4Ja Cep^caoil nepaaa apxHCTparara Muzaiuia 
B'b lepycajHH-b. (y<i. 3aa. Kb. If. Buo. II. C. 102). UpH Cre^aa-fe 4ymaB'fe {-f 1355 r.) 
M ero cuat Cre^aali ypooi^ (-f- 1367 r.) ora uepKOBb nojy«iaja eicerojao tuvmrj 
nepnepoBi. (Cm. raacaiiR'b ^pyxTaa Cp6cKe cjoaeea. y Eeorpa^ 1849. CaesRa II. 
C. 197 — 199. B'b 1479 r. CepficRaa iiepROBb bi lepycaaavb y«e oaycT^JU a TwcaMa 
nepnepoB-b mja reoepb aa CBAToropcRie voaacTupH Xa.iaBAap'b m cb. Oaaja (c«. 
TaM'b »e CTp. 200 a cj.). B'b XV, XVI a cj. ctoj. aoeBu^u Moj^aBCRie ae ocraBOjuB 
CBOHHB BRja^aiiH aM Cb. Fopbi, aa OajecTHHu. Bi* DozBaj^ CaM04epacity Bat iMiR>, — 
coHaaeaie Aoropott npHnacuaajH aaaHeaaTOHy -Bacciaay, — roBoparca npo Bacajia; 
ccBciix'b 6o JH>6jflme ■ bc^hb jm6um'h 6fliiie, b bgh ri* ae«y npanaAaiome, ae tokbo 
0jB«aia, ao a 4aJbaiB, eace 6bi pema oti> Caaaa b orb UajecTuau, Urajia ase a 
ABTioiia B OT'b Bcea D04C0JBe4Bbifl xoTame ero tormo Ba4aTa a caoao ero cju- 
marao. Cep^caafl iiepROBb bt* lepycajaMli 6hija no sceil BlipoflTBocTM nocrpoeaa 
Cep6cKBM'b RaaaeB-b MBjyTBBOB'b (1275—1321 r.), KOTopbift nucuaaj'b iib.ioctbb 
Bi> lepycaaaM'b, b aa Caaaa, b B'b EtunetncKyfo hmmo ; nucTpoa j-b mbofo xpaMOs-b 
ae TOJbRO B'b« Cepdifl, ao a B'b FpeiiiB : bi> Cojya:b aepKoab Ca. Tpoaiiu (cbaa- ' 
4aBb a oyRpacaBb b nQJian%e aftadeictd), B'b Uaperpa4t nepRBB a 6ojbBBKU. (Cb. 
§af. Pam. — •Atr. 70. — Cp6cR. Coom. •A^ 35. — MaiiROB'b: Hct. Cep6cR. b3. M. 
1857. C. 228). Ca., Caaa CepCcRii (-|- 1237 r.) CTpau.CTBoaaj'b Bb UajecTsay, aa Ca- 
aail, Ouai* B'b Eranrb; coxpaaBBioiaca o ceM'b do4Po6boctb Doaaoaaiorb Dpe4noja- 
raTb oco6oe onacaaie aroro nyTeiiiecTBiii, cocTaajeauoe K^M-b Ba6y4b aa'b ero enyr- 
BBROB'b. PyccRie aroro BpeMesB, aaxo4Acb B'b caMbix'b rtcaux'b caaaax'b cb cbobbb 
e4Ba0BlipabiMB conaeBeaa^^RaiiB, aeBoraa ae BBliTb caomeajii cbCapieio, lla4ecTB- 
aoil, EraoTOB'b. H 4'bilcTBaTe4bBO 40 aacb 4ome4'b 04aa'b aa'b aaalMiaTejba-bttaiBX'b 
DaBRTaaROB'b CTapott PyccKott cjoaecaocTB — Xoai4eBie 4aBiBja DajoBBBKa, aa'b 
KOToparo yaaaeH'b, <ito bi* ROBi(fc XI b B'b aa^ajli XII a. PyccRaxii aeMa40 dbuajo 
B'b lepycajBBt. EcTb aaa^Tie, xora a noa4aee, ao ae aerbpOBTBoe, o TOM'b, hto eme 
B4a4BBip'b B'b 1001 r. nocujaj'b rocjobi* B'b ErBoerii, B'b lepycajBM'b b opo<iia 
CTpaau, «4a B tbbo ya^Tb 6oroyro4Bbix'b Myaieil apefiuBasie a oepRoaaoe 6jaro- 
jluiie. 4a 0TCM>4a noabay BpeoCpameT-bD. (Hct. PyccR. l^epRBB. MaRapia. Cn6. 1857. 
I, 175). B'b RpaTROBi «J:feTonBca:b rociio4'b CepdcRBXi*!* D04'b 1517 r. •iBraea'b: 
aiapb ce4BBb uiaxb opiMBB rpa4b aacrpb CBptqb ervoTba. (§*f. Paoa.. C» 83). 



6 fUABllBAX^ B% MA^oil A9lli« Wh A^raK-B B Wh BCnAUlH. 2t9 

V 

d^feriH (jo 1667 r.), nocTo^HHO BiapacrajH, c^iijoBaTejibHo u ch 
OTKpbiTieM'b HoBaro Ce'liTa a HOBbixi> nyrett, CHomeBia ero ci» 
A«t»pBRoii He Morjii BOBce npeKpaTiiTbCfl. Bi* nou'feiicTBiu 4y6poB- 
HHR'b cuoBa oapaBBJica h ysKe boj-b Guouieuifl ci> ErHnToui*, ct> 
A«t»pHRoii Bii XVIil Bm Ror4a na ciBepo-BocToxt AfyvoA CdaBau- 
CRitt H^poA'hy pasdupaeMbitt Bt<iUbiM'b cBOBUb McejaHietf-b Hoetix^ 
deMjtwjf^ ombWKiMamh b njfcmyio stMJUO w OKUeyukyto noJHumu^ rpo3BO 
BaRoeeaii anABarb ce6A Bcevy Mipy iiory«iBHi> o6pa3oii'b DeTpa, b 
pa36iiBi> [IJBe4a no,ii^ DixtTaBott, BBRiiii» b4 Saaajt He SBaHUbifi 
fl Heapoiiieuubifit B4BHuyj'B xboH) crpany bi> CBcxeuy CHjbutii- 
uiBX'b EsponeficRBX-b depmasx^ Bdianie ROTopbixib ua ErBoerx, 
k^ppuKy^ BeMBHyeMOy ueBafitiKHO, Heo6xo4BMO. 

v^ajbBtfiuiee paaBBtie PyccRofi Hapojaoii npoMbimaeHHOCTB b 
ToproBJB, Becbtta 3aiiiTBoe'Dpo6yHCAeijie Hapo^floS caMo6biTHocTH 
BT^C^aBAHax'b TypeURBX'b a ABCTpiacRax'b, MoryTi) ciyncBTb 6ja- 
roBajeacBbiMii pynateabCTBOM'b n tout*, hto -oTHomeaiflM-b uipa 
GjaBflHCRaro ri ErRnry, A^^paR-ib, oco6eHHo cb OHcajaeMhiMii 
opopbiTteMT» CyaacRaro Raaawia^ npejcTOBTib 6y4ymH0CTb ja jeno ae 
aTawiRafl* HeJbaa oabbro cRpbiaarb, hto Torb hjh jpyroii odoporb 
arax'b jk't'A'h^ to B4b jpyroe BX-b iiaapaajeaie B'h6yAym^tii», bjb 
jysme Boapocb o 6y4yl^BX^ oTHoineuiiixi> uipa CjaBaacRaro ki> 
ErHOTya Boo6me A^^pHR-fe, aaxojRTCfl B'bTl;cHo& aaBBcuMocTa oti* 
Apyraxii bi> Bbicoieft CTeneua BasKBUX'b aah CjaBaai^ BoopocoBx, 
Haop. 0611 oTHomeBiAX'b ax-b R'b HTajia, R-b HtueaRoii Hapo4HocTa 
BJB noaBTBRii B> Abc xpia, B T. 4* He ueaie OHesajua a BaMCHocTb 
apouidibix'b oTHoineHiH aiipa CjaBABCRaro R'b A4»pBRi, RBR-b npe4- 
aera hhctoS jio6o3BaTejbHOCTB, RaR-b Bonpoca aayRB, ROTopuii, 
paadHBaACb hb uHoxcecTBO. <iacTHbixi> BonpocoBb, ae uoaceT-b ae 

B036y4aTb RaRT> Bl> PyCCRBXli, TBRli B B'b jpyrBXli CdlBBBHaXl, 

BecbMa opocTaro a Heo6xo4aMaro SKejaaia yacaaTb bxti ce&fc a 
rfeM-b oRaaaTb H'fccROJbRO .ycjyrb aayRt, a cboh) 4aTepaTypy 060- 
raTBTb Tpy4aMa aojeaabiAia, RoTopue 6bi 3ac4y3KaBa4H Bceo6mea 

HSBiCTHOCTB. ^tilCTBBTeJbllO A^H HCTOpia. OTHOHieaiH GjaBBBTi R'b 

A<i»pHRt Heo6xo4HMbi , Haop. no4po6Hoe paacuoTptaie UH'^Hifl 
IIIa<»apHRa o C^iaBaacRofi cthxib B'b BaH4a^ax'b, aayqeuie pyRO- 
oacBbix-b BCTo<iaBROBi> ApadcRBXii a aajaaie cb PyccRBM'b oepe- 

B040MT» BCtx-b TeRCT0Bl>, OTHOCflmBXCfl 40 C4aBIIHl>» He TOIbKO B'b 



220 B. B. JAMAHCKArO, 

A«t>pHirb, HO H B^ AaiB, h6o bi» BacTOAUiee Bpeun Tpyi[Ho« uohtb 
ueB03M03KHO oTBcpraTb opraHB«iecRoB cbbsb cy4b6bi CjaBAHii Aaifi* 
CKHXi», BXi> aepeii;o40B'b r'b ApiadaMV, cb cy4t>6oio CjaBflHi> vh 
A^^pBHt; cocTaBjeaie — HaocHOBaBiB B3biKa, jitTooBcefi, rpaMOTb 
B 4oroBopoBi>, opoB3Be4eBi& CjioBecHOCTB (lOro-CjaBflflCRofi, Xop« 
BaTCRofi, cTOJib6oraTo&), coapcMeuaaro 6biTa, napoABbix-b aicen-b, 
Dpe4aHiil b paacRaaoB-b — * BCTopiB BH'boiBBX'b CBouiefliS Jiy6poB* 

BBRa fl 4pyrflX'b CwiaBnBCRBX'B A4piaTB4eCRBX'B o6u|BHl>, BX1> Mop- 
CRBXli CB41>, TOprOBJB, RBRl* B006llie, TaRl» B Bl» 0€o6eBHOCTB Cb 

A«t»pHRoio, BayieBie GaaBBBCKoH cfuxiB bi* BeneaiM, ea oocu'fe- 
40BaTejibfloe9 BCTopB^ecRoe pacRpbirie, cb yRaaaHitsMii Ha to, RaRoe 
BjiaHie oTHomeBiA BeHeuiH ri> A«i>pBR'fc BuiwiB aa oTHouieHia R'b 
Beii uipa CjaBflHCRaro. OrapaBjaACb oti* Toro oojiosKeHia, 6e3'b 
ROToparo flhiB-fc Be B03M0H(eu'b ycoixii BCTopia hb PyccRaro, hr 
4pyraro R^Roro CiaBHBCKaro Bapo4a, oT-b aojio»ceuia HesbiSje- 
Marb, qTO CaaaaHe Bcer4a b bo B&k BpeMeaa coanaBajB e4BRCTBo 
CBoero o6uiaro npoBcxoHC4eHifl, a noTOMy b >iepe3x to caMoe qyB- 
CTBOBajB 4pyrb rti 4pyry BsaBiiHoe opBTasKeHie* ROTopoe ao44ep- 

HCBBaJlOCb y BCtX'b CX04CTB0BI'b flSblRa, OVJia6jkHJkOCh y 04BBX'b 
B'fep0BCn0Bt4B0K) 6opb6oiO, CKp'^nJAJOCb B OCBBIUaJOCby 4pyrHX'b 

e4HB0B'6pieM'b — oTnpaBjaacborbdToroD0403Keuifl, cj'fc4yeTi> pac- 

RpblBBTb B B03CTaB0BJATb 40 MajiBBlBXl* 004po6HOCTefl BCTOpilO 
BSaBMUblXl* CBOlDeBIti CjaBaBli MeMC4y C060B, OpOCdl'fe4BTb CBOUie- 

aia Bcix-b G JaBBHi* c^ CapieK), DajecTBaoio, cbEraoTOM'b, A<i»pB- 
ROK); co6paTb Bcfe CBi>4'itHia o aeBojibHBRaxT> PyccRuxi* Bi^KphiMy 
a Bii TypuiB\ o ToproB^i rmh aa BocTORt bi> \VI a XVU ctoj.; 
B3y<iBTb oTBomeaifl CjaBAai> R*b no6'fc4aTejAH'b TypRaMi*, CjaBaa* 
cKyK) CTBxiio B'b IIopT'fe OTOMaacRoSi a acTopiio EraaTa ao34ai&- 
aiaro BpeHena 4Jia ocaoBarejbaaro paaptmeaiA Bonpoca o tom'b, 
apoaaRBjia jb b'b EraaeTi cTBxia CjaBAacRaa B'b XVI, XVII a 



1. ^eaa Cyjelliiaaa I. Povcojasa nojbsoaajaob •ejBKsii'b Bjiaeieiinb. HaBa4sepo 
roBopHTb npo Bee: nRoxolana di natione russa, Unto aiuata de sua maesU, che oon 
fo mai oella cosa ottomaoa alcuna doona che ayease niaggiore autoriU. Si dice che 
6 piaceTole, modesta, e che molto bene conosce la natura del f^ran-signore..j» (Zink- 
eisen-Greach. d. osm. R. Ill, 242). BcnoMBHs-b npM cem* CoROJOBBqa-Uamv, mu noi- 
MeMi*, no<ieMy CjaaaBCKii aauxii Brpaji* Tavyio pojb npn 4B0p^ OrroMaBCKOM-b vh 

XVI 8 XVil CTOJ. 



CJABflHJnCb B-b HAJOfi AdlH, Bl> A4»PBR« B B'B HCDABIB. 221 



XVI117 B Bl> KaROft CTeneHB? Bib 9T0Wh OTBOIOeUIB, fCaiTB B BO 

MHorBX-b 4pyriixT», Becbua nojesHo 6bi 6biJ0 noABjieflie bi» Pyc- 
Cfcofi jBTepatyp-b — Ao6pocoB^CTBaro nepeB04a McTopia Typ* 
illii — IlBBKefiaeaa, ch AonoABenieM't oti* nepeB04*iBR0B'b rbx'b 
c3^4iHiK, HTo ynymeHM noHxeaHbiMii y^ieHUM'b HtMeaRBMi*, 
3a Be4ocTyDBocTbiO eMy BCTOHBUROB'b PyccRBXii B Boo6me Gja- 
BaecRBX'b. Ecaa He4b3A OTpBaarb , qro 6ojie ub Meate noj* 
Hoe B ocHOBaTejbBoe paacMOTp'iBie Bcibxib BonpocoB'b b 3a4aqb, 
B036y3K4aeMbix'b npB MbicjB oC'b oTBOuieBiflXT* Mipa CjaBBBCRaro 
R-b A^pBR-fe, RaR% Bi» apoaie4ineM'b, TftK'b b bt* 6y4yiiieMT», 3a4asb 

H BonpocoB'b* Be T04bR0 BOSMOHCBbixi* , BO B Vh BblCUiefi CTeoeHB 

aaROBHbix'b b cBoeBpeueHflbixi*, 4ojh^uo Bbi3BaTb Bi» 6oA'be bjb 
MeB'fce 6iB?Ka]iaieM'b 6y4ymeii'b aeTOJbRo B-bPocciB, bo b B'b4py- 

rBXl> ZeHARX'h CjaBHBCRBX'b, BOBblX'b, 4apOBBTb]X'b B 3BeprB- 

«iecKBXi> 4'fcflTejie& ; ecjB BeJb3fl orpBttaTb dxoro, to rbMi* Meuie 

BO3M0)KB<) COMB'feBaTbCil BO BCeil 04eBB4B0fi BaSKBOCTB B BHb TiCBOD 
Uepa3pb]BH0fi CBfl3B TtXIb 4ByX'b BOnpOCOBTi, B31» ROBXl 04BB'b O 

pacopocrpaBeaia PyccRaro aauRa Bai ape4'6joB'b Poccia cocTaa- 
jfleTb ape4iie'rb nocTOABBbixib Hcejaaifi b cambiX'b crporax'b no« 
Mbiia^eaii Ra3K4aro PyccRaro, a 4pyro& ofi-b Bzyneum Wh Poccia 
CjiaBaacRBXii aabiRoaii b jiBTeparyp'b a o6'b y&icTBeBBou'b a jb- 
TeparypaoMii ofiineaia aameMi* to CjiaBaaaMB, B'b rjaaax'b 6ojib- 
niBBCTBa PyccRBXi* oGpaaoBaaBbix-b Ji04efi noBbiat Dpe4CTaB- 

^ffCTCa 4'fc^OM'b RBR'b^bl OyCTblM'b, BBqTOHCBblH'b B BO CTOiOmBM'b 

noHTfl HBRaRoro BBBMaaia. 



222 B. B. JIAMAHCRArO, 



CIABHHE B1» HCnAHIII. 

!• Maccy4B^ paacRaabiBaA upo ^obcrbxi>, Asobcrbxii Pye- 
coB'b, ROTopbie, saR'b GnpaeeA^Biio aantTfl^'b ynce 3BaMeHHTbifi 
4^pauay3CRiii opieurajBcr-b Peuo, ne 6buii HopMaHuaaiB, IIlBe* 
4aMB, a 6bUB CjaafluaMB, RaRi> b uaabiBa^-b y»ce w^-h Hduii-Xop- 
4aTi>-6en», coBpeMeHHBR-b uaniBxi* PiopHRa b Ojiera, Rorja Bh- 
parH eme Be uprjB BOBce yxpaTHTb caoea Bapo4uocTH b coBep- 
ineuBo ocjaBBUBTbCA , Maccy4B roBopBT'b opM ceuii; «Pyccuje co- 

CTOBTli B31> paaJBSHblX'b Hap040Bl» B pa3Hbl\l> nOROJtBia; 04H0 

B3i> HB&'b ua3biBaeTca ajbi-«Ai04aReTi>. Obh \QAHTh no cbohmi* Top- 
roBbiHb 4t^aM'b 4a3Ke bt* HcnaHiio, Pum'b, KoHCTaHTRBoao.ib m 
Kh Xo3apaui» \ Il3BtcTia Maccy4B o Pyccax'b uBRaR'b Be noasKe 
944 r»; PyccRie nociinajR UcaaBiK), b bi> aocwit4CTBiB BpeMeoB ^ 

Do CBB4tTe4bCTBy ApadCRBXl* BCTOpBROB-b H6ui» - Xa44yHa 

(XIV B.) u II6iii>- FaiiflBa (XI b.], Bib 947 bjb 949 r., RxXajB<i>y 
A64yppaxMauy ill Dpit3Hca.AB bii Kop40By nocau Be TOJbRo orb 
TpHsecRaro BMneparopa m-h KoucxaBTBHOBOja, Be T04bRp orb 
Kopojefi AjanaBi* b ^I'paBKOBi, bo b orb Ropoja CJaBaBCRa^o^ 

1. Sprenger. p. 416. — Frahn. lbn-Fo8slaD*8 Berichte. S. 71, 

2. Friiho. Ber. S.di.^Hfia-b-Xayvaji'b: nSie (Btilghar) war eioit weit berahmt, 
insoferne sie der SUpelplaU des Haodels der dortigen Reicbe war. Aber die Russen 
pliinderten sie, so wie Chaseran, lUl a. SemeDder, im Jabre dreibundert u. atht- 
foDfsig (d. i. 068 od. B69 nach Cbr. Geb.) reio aos, a. cogea nDfeniiglich wo da 
n*cb (gegeD) Griecheulaod (Bum) u, Spanien (Aodalus) Iidsw. TaRHHi. nyrean*, do aoei 
vlipoflTUOCTH, H npOBHKJH Bi. PjTCb «oaeTu A^pRKaeo- n Hcnaeu Apa6cKia. Cji. ct. 
^peaa: Topogr. Uebers. d. Angrab. tod altem arab. Gelde id Russiaod, vh BuUeL 
SL-P^tersb. t IX. vt^ 212—213. 0<ieRb ROdvosBO, <ito PyccRie CiaaaHe nojmjaa vh 
HcnaHiio ■ bi» IX a. B6B'i>-Xop4aT'b-6erb roBopHTi>? aPycexia Nt»s nJieMeHu CjuutJiw 
BbiBoasTii Mtxa OoCpoBii H «iepHo6ypux'b JBCHii'b 83"% cBMUxii 0T4ajiPB8i»iz'b RpaeB% 
CiaBHBCKoil aeHJH h DpoAaioTii bxi bb (Seperaxi* PyncRaro vopa: ryrmapb PvMcni 
6epeTii ch uHXi» 4erflTHuy». (Cm. Btcra. F. 0(Sm. 1854. I. C. 52 u cj.)* B-bpoBTBO, ito 
PyccRie CjBBflBe noc'buiajH Ucnaaiio h a'b XI b., b hto tbhi* HZ-fc aHaaajia. Bii opo- 
MBBeAeaiH cb. Huapioaa cfDoxBaja Karauyw aesAy apoiaa-b HMTaeHi: allozBajaM'b me 
a Mu... Bejaaaa a abbbbh coTBopoiaro, aaoiero yHareJn a aacraaaaRa, aeaaRaro Ra- 
raaa aaaiea sevja, Bja4aMepa, aayaa craparo flropa, cuaa ate cjaBBai\> CaaTOCjaBa, 
aaie vh cbor jI^tb BjaauiecTBynma; MyacecTBoaii ace a xpaOpbCTBoa'b Dpocjyluia b% 
CTpaaax'b Muorax'b a qoanaaKiTb bubI^ a c40ByTb. Be w xydib 6o u ne b^ HpeibdoMib 
8eMAu eAadbiHeemeoeauia^ ho as PycbCKoii, Roice endoMO h ctMtaiuao ecnut wibjm 
KOHm* aeMAJw, Eabb jb bto 04Ht paropaMecRia ^paau? Bee C40bo oT^asaerca buoo- 
Roio DpocTOTOH), deaiacRyccTBeBHOK) apaB4RBOCTbio. Oh ^lero b A4a nero XQ4a7b 
6biJ0 L^aBBBaa-b PyccKBM'b B-b UcoaBiM), yaiiABM-b uase. 

3. Ajb-BfaRBpa, 3' FaBBroca (II, 139), paacBaaaa-b o oocojbCTBt Fpe^ecRoa^, 
Dpo404acaeT'b: «Uoc4^Toro aptt6bi40 4pyroe nocojbCTBo oti Ropu^H Gj^Bau-b (flrom 



f 



« CJASflBAH'b Vh MA^iOii AMB, Vh A^VUK^ H Bl> BCOAHIB. 223 



EBpdii ddH-JCnpoTi>*Xa34afi, aaHBuaBioifi easKBoe utcTo opH 
Xa^B^'k A64ypp«i^MaBi 111 (t 961 r.) Bi>nBCbM'b CBoeMi> ki> uapio 
XosapeieoMy roBopRra uexAy npo^BBx: ccBct sjajbiRB aeuubie, 
3Baioiuie noryuiecTBo b se^BHie uoero noBejBTejn, npucbMafOTi* 
emy Aapu, pi^sie a jparoutHflbie npe4MeTbi b TaKBHi* odpaaoifb 
cuBCKMBatoTbero 6.AaroBoaeBie. TaKOBbi rocy4apbAuiReua3i>(HtM- 
iieBi>), iiapb FeSojUAHib t« e. Cuaejim^ BMnepaTop-b BBsauTiiicKifl 
B 4pyrie. Bcfc 3tb no4apRB B4y'rb nepea'b mob pyRB S. 

KapMOJB 3aBi'b«iaeTi> npa ceMi> — «AUSaclab, Sclaves, Escla* 
▼ODs, desigoe iei les montagnards des Karpates, Chrobates, tributai- 
res d'Otloo le Grand; selon le t^moignage deConstdDliD lePorphy- 
rpgeo^le^ ils avaieot un chef du corps politique de leurs Etats UDis, 
portaul, suivaot toutes les appareuces, le litre de ffoievoda qui 
fiiguifie due. Murphy parle de Tambassade du due des Slaves au- 
pres do Khalife de Cordoue en ces termes: « Other embassies arri- 
ved. •• cue from theKiug of the Sclavooians called Ducu». (Hist of 
the Mahomel. Empire io Spain, p. 101). 

Bi> HacTonmee BpeMa jj^ime Bcero ocTauoBBTbCA aa HB'fcfliB 
KapMOjM, RaR'B xopomo odikCaafomeMii Bbipaaceuie Xa34aa. aFe** 



a king of the SclaTooians), uui lOToparo 6u40 Ayi^y (Dbaka), ramiKe m on Kopo^ii 
Ajanaa-b (Uie king of the Alaman; Taaarod npatfaajaer-b ori* ce6a: Uie emperor 
of GermaDy), ii orb Ropoja ^^paBROBi aaii-aa 4ace6ajb ajiT-OopT'k (napHHeea'b), no 
■Moaa Yuo (llkoh; raauroi-b np*6aajaeTii : Hugo), caepx'b roro npH((ujo raaoe se 
nocojiiCTBO oTii OABoro Kop6jfl, no HueHB KaJ4o (Kaldoh), iivh aanaAHuxi* npe- 
jK%Jkowh ^aaaia. 'dru nocaaBHVKa 6bMB npHuaru A047PpaxHauo«'b cb aejBKoii) 
numaocriio, ■, oo ero npsKaaaBiw, npBAaopaue h 4pyrie MBBoaBHBB xoabjh bh-b aa 
■crp tHy. IIpB BoaepameBiB ' ^OHoii Caqhrhckux'b nocjMHH%KQ9%^ A64yppaxBaBi> or- 
opaaHJi* Cb bbmii Pa^R enacKona, BOTopuil 40CTBr'b ABopa OTTOBOaa b aopoTBJca 
aM8a4'b no npomecraiB Asyrb atTi>». raaarocb a-b caoHX'b npmrbqaaiax'b roBopar-b 
npB €€■!>: u^yny ecTb, 6eai> cojiBtBia, Bcnop<ieBBoe Dux. Kaldoh bjb Kalodoh ra* 
Koe se BcnopHeflBoe caoao bm. Karolo. Bo 4»paBniB napcTBoaaj'b Tor4a Kapj'b Dpo- 
cTott. Pa6B eoBCKon'b, no npnaasaain xajB^a, aejfb neperoaopbi c-b nocjanaBKOM^ 
OrroaoBbiVb (wiUi the monk of Gorx, Otbos ambassador). Ho nocja^pwK'b, conpo- 
B0W4aBmill cero nocj'b4Baro, aa BoaapaTaoMii ero nyrn ai* TepMaBin 6hWh 4buo 
caliTcBoe (a layman), BMeueifb PeneiiyB4'b (Recemandus), OuBmili oabbmi* sai* la- 
Tii6oB% BJB 4bflK0B'b 4BopaoBbix'b (clerks of the palace). Ca. aaaaiiaTejbBMi paa- 
ciaa^ loaaaa fJoannes k Gorz), nocjaaaaKa a-b Kop40Bli, y MabiUon. Acta Sanctor. 
ordinis S. Benedict!, toI. V, p. 404, h AtJbBua 3aMi«iaBifl Poiiea (Romey) Hist. 
d'Bspagne toL III, p. 214 ■ cji.k R'b Kpattaeay Moeay coataj'bBiK), bbki 8to BSAaaie 
llaONdifcoaa, raRi* a conaaeaie Poiiea, 6uja mwh Boace aeAOCTynnbi. 

. 1. Ilio^raireit de l.-i Terre Sainte... t'aduit*^ de Th^breu. par E. Carmoly. Bru- 
xelles. 1847. n. 37. Cm. nepeB04'b K. A. RoccoBa^a bi» UajyoBCK. C6opB. vaicMe 
a:b 4r. M. 06m. Ucr. a 4peaB. 1847. .4^ 6. aepeao4'b T. rfpTeomrellBa. 



224 B. H. JAMAHCRArO, 

6a^eflue t. e. CjaBflHev. /totcefioM" rops^ — cjibioBaTejbuo Coa* 
BABe, npHCbuaBmie noc40Bi> bi> Kopjosy, 6u4B ropau. 

EcdiH He oiUHoaiOCb, cBRAtreJbCTBa ajn o caouieHiiixi* C»ia- 
Bflui> ci> HcnauieK) bi> X b., iioryT'b KaaaTbCB BecbMa coMuuTeab- 
HbiMU a cipauubiMu, e(MB Be BcnoMBHaxb upu ceMi» 06*^ OTHome- 
HiAXi* CjiaBflui Ki» ApaoaM'b bti AbIb b A<i>pBKt, o tomi» aHa^eniH, 
RaRoe OHB y bbxt» bm^jb, o Tom's BaiBHia, rbrbm'b ohb TaMi» 
nojbdOBa^ucb. He npaxo^HTii 4b bi dioMii c.iyHa'fe gbmb co6oiO 
Ha naMBTb Bbime npBBe4eBHb]fl HauB B3B'fccTiH lioBii-XayKaia, a»ib- 
KapaBH CjiaBflHCRBX'b pa6ax'b b BeBOJbH'BRaxi> bi> HcnaHiB? He 
paH<4aeTCB jb caiiii> co6oio Boopocb — GjiaBHHe, nepexo4HBuiie K'b 
ApadaMii b'b Aaiio b bi* A4»pBRy, ae nepedtra^H jb b He uepe- 
X04B^BjiBHRi>Apa6aMiiB'b)1cnauiio? MHoroHBCJeaHbie njiHHBBn 
H pa6bi GjiaBBHCKie, 6biBinie y Apa6oBi> b'B HcDaHiB, hb opH- 

TflrBBa^B 4B HTb Ce6l> B CB0604Hb1X'b e4BH00jieMeHUHHOBl> cbobxi», 

BOJbHbixi* a ryjamaxi* Ji04e&, ROTopuxi* a 6e3'b toio iiorja 
TfluyTb Bi» HcoaHiio h pocRomnbiii ea r^jumbti, b CjaBflHCRaA 
y4aJb a oTBara, ROTopaB 4aBaja ce6B aaarb eme B-b VII b;. h hb 
Et.ioMi» B aa CaaeMb MopBxii, 3a ROTopyio Apa6bi AsiarRie b 
A<t»pBRaH€.Rie TaRi* Bbi(*oKo yaaHca^iB CjaBflBi), a yBanceuie ri» ko- 
Topofi Mor^B nepe4aTb b MeaaHCRBM-b cbobmii 6paTbflii'b? He 

MOrjIB wlB TBRHMl) o6pa30M'b dTB pa6bl B D^'bHUBRB yCBJBTb B03- 

MoxcaocTb coxpaaeuiB cBoefi Hapo4BocTH bi> HcaaHia. b aah ca- 
MHxi) ce6fl a 44fl Ttxi» cbouxii e4BH0DJieMeHuaK0Bi>9 ROTopue 6m 
CTBJB Depexo4aTb bi> Hcnauiio 4o6pOBOJibflo? 

SHaMeHHTbiii opieHTajHCTi> Peuo» a 3a uaifb FaflHrocb, ^03h 
H 4p. e4HHorjacBo opudHaiorb obiTuocTb CaaBBH-b bi» Hcaauia, 
o4uaR0 y6'feHC4eHbi, hto CjaBfloe npoHBRajB Ty4a TOJbRO sepest* 
^^paHROBii, RBRii pa6bi a OwitHUBRH. Ho Peno* B34aBuiiu CBoe co- 
■iHHeuie B'B'! 836 r. a C4t40BaTejbuo eme ae anaBuiiH ^peBuocTea 
lUaoapaRa, ae odparawHi bobcb uBRaRoro BHRMaaiB hb OTHomeuiB 
CjiaBBB'B R'bApa6aMi» BiiAsia BA4»pRR'fc; cn'feio 4yMaTb, <iTOTor4a 
6bi, BCTpiqaa bx acTOSHBRax'b Apa6cRax'b Beo4uoRpaTHbifl yRa3a- 
aifl, HCHO CBB4'ibTejibeTByiouiiB tomt>, 4to CdiaBBHi>-GaRaja6a bti 
Hcnaaia 6buo MHoro, Peao e4Ba jb npa6'i$rHy4i> 6bj rt> TOMy 
npe4D0J0HceBiio, sto no4i> BMeneu-b CaKcuvSa bi» Apa6cRBX'b 
Bcio^HBRax-b Ha4o pa3yMl>Tb Boo6me pa6oBi>, ueBoabauKOBi», Boeu- 



O CJABnnAXl Bl MAJOii A3in, B-B A4»PBR'B II BT> DCnAIIIII. 225 

Hon^i'liHBbix'b, KasoS 6hi HauiH OHH hh 6bMii, Hi»aiQbi uab Gjh- 
Bfltie. HanpoTHBi> 03ii cBii4tTeJi»CTBa H6Bi»-XayKa4a h a.ib-Ka- 
paBH flCHO cjt4yeTi>, <iTo BbipaHcenie Apa^cRnx'b aHcaTejeii: 
«daBiiHCRie pafibi, eBuyxiDi ua^o o6T»flCHjiTb racb — apa6bi b 
eBityxa fl3i^ GjaBBHi», H3ib aeiiejb CjaBflHcicflxi>i». 

«I]HcaTejB Apa6cRie BcfaMx padaM-b H'feiieixRflMii n CiaBBH- 

CRHirb npflBHebiBaiorb CjaBiiHCRoc npoBcxoncjieHie b 4aio'rb iimi> 

o6me6 uaaeaHie caKja6u^ 0TRy4a no BceS BipoBTHOcra npoBSOiiuo 

flame cjobo esclave\ Bojbmaii sacTb rsap^iB aMHpoBi» n xa.in- 

«OBi> Kop^OBCRHX'b cocTOfl^a fl3X coKua^u (de saclabis, bo uhoh>\ 

caKajii6a). Uiioro 3Tbxi> Canojiuffa 6bijio y CapaubiH'b GBUBjiiii- 

CRBXi*, BueHBO Bi TlajiepMo, r^t iilLibiii Rsapra^'b bocbjH* bx'b 

HMB. Hx'h BairfeHajB b bi* A<i>phr1> b bi> CupiB \ Tan^ Hodo o^ 

iiCHfmb MHOtonncdeHHbifi Mfbcma ApaScimxd jibmonuceU^ idih yno- 

MUHOiomcfi CaKajiu6a (des saciabis), uKomopHR unane ocmojiucbShi 

menoHHfnHbiMU ' »« 

Ha'bOTBX'B cJOBi» po>iTCflna^o4'paiiixy3CRaro y^eaaro bciioot- 
RpuBaeTCfl, <iTO oiix ue o6paTBJi> BBuuaHifl hb na CBB4l>Te4bCTBo 
6eo^aBa o C^aBBHCKoifb nocejeHiB bx Cnpia, bb Boo6me bb ot- 
BomeBifl GjaBHBi* rib Apa6aMT> B*b AaiB, bb uopcRia caabi Cjia- 
BflBi A4piarrB<iecRBXi>, aa bxt* oTBOiBeaiB R-bCauBjia b R'i>A<i»pB- 
ri: HBaqe 6bi oa-b yBB4ajnb, hto atr-b BBRaRoii neo6xo4BMOCTB 
yTBe|);K4aTb, mto flpBBBMa>i TOJbRo Bi> ero CMbicji) cjoro Cukq-' 
ju6a (t. «. Gjasnae bi» cubirj-fc napBuaTe.ibaou'b, a ae co6cTBea- 
ROMi), MOBcao noBHTb Tt MBoroqBCjeBBbin BsntcTiB A|ja6cRiii, 
ROTopbifl yaoMBaaioT'b o CjaRnaax'b-CairajEii^a. 

OaaaKoMBBaiBCb ch arnMB asBicTiiiMB, apeBMyuiecTBeaao o 
CoKauuda B-b Hcnaaia, nBmyiuiti ara crpoRa yace roTOBT> 6bM'b 
opBBflTb MB'kiie Peao, rbrti bb no403pHTeJi>aa ero nipoHTaocTiu 
K^ TaRoii ycTynR*i> <rb CBoeli cTopoabi ero cajbao y6'I>a<4a40 cj'I;- 
jiyiouiee o6cTOBTeJbCTBo: CjuxeanJi bt* HcDaaia 6b]jo tbri Mnoro, 
HTo Tpy4H0, 4aace aeB03MOHcao npe4no^araTb, hto to 6bUB no 
6ojbniefi HacTB CjaBiiae, a ae c6po4i> bchrhxI) iiapo40B'b: n6o 

, 1. Peoo npH cewb yKasbiBaerii ua Ibiu-Haucal man. arabe de la bibl. royale 
p. 57 el 62. Cliarmoj : M6ni. for la relat. de MatMudy. 

2. Reinaud. p. 238. 

yi. 3An, — CI, 15 



I 



226 B. H. JiAIIARCRArO, 

CjiaBflHe, RaRl» to CBHA'^Te^IiCTByiOTb AOHblB'b OTKpblTblH BSBitCTIfl 

Apa6cKifl, B KaRi> to aoRasa^ii Peso, b RaRi> aoBTopajH aa iimmi> 
FaTiHrocb b4o3b, npoHBRajB B-bticoafliio TOJbRo <iepe3i> QapsBeu 
H3ii 4»paHiiiB« BTi RanecTBii fH6owh^ BoeuBoa^'bBRMX'B, 4a2Ke eB- 

HyXOBl). 

KaRT> HH 6b1AH 4>panRB CBJI>flbI B BOBHCTBeUHbl « OABaRO yB04HTb 
B-B lutHli QaBaH b GJflmROM'b B^ drpOMBOtfl* ROJBHeCTBi OBH SRC Be 

^o^Avi: 4a npBTOM'B a GjaaaBe rohchho He ^erRO C4aBajBCb iorb 

< 

Bi> naiHTi HfHBbiHB, oco6eHHo SBaa, hto 0}RB4aerB bx'b vh 6y4y- 
meM b. HaRoBea'B aTB CjaBaae-Dwi'bHBBRfl yB04BHb] a npo4a6aeMbi 

6bMB He B'b 04Hy 3Ke HcnaHIK). Ec4B 6b1 aTB GjaBBHe-njiBHHRB 

6bUB oco6euHO MBoroHflcieaHbi, to o6paTnBaiR€b B^TOBapi», ohb 
He 6biJH 6bi oco6eHHo 4oporB: Wh 962 h4b 966 r. 4>paBRCRie 
B4a4'i>Te4B, Bi> HHCJii paaBbix'b 4oporax'b no4apHOB^, ape4CTaBH4B 
xa4B<t»y Kop40BCROMy — 20 CjaBBHCRBX'b BBByxoBi*. BTOTb cay- 
Mail RaHceTcaiacflo 40Ra3biBaerb, mo aaii 3eM4B 4»paflK0B'b "lepea^ 
QapBHeH B'b Ifcaauiio CjaBBue nona4ajiB cpannum^ubKO B-b Becbua 
He3HaHHTe4<>H0M'b R04BMecTBt, «iTO BCHO BapuseHX B CBMo oo ce6t, 
UdTh. l46Hi-XayRaja a a4b-KapaBH y3BaeM'b, sto ara GjaBBue- 
n4'&BHHKH He Bci ocTaBa4BCb Bx HeaaHia, a aaxBea, wh sacjt 
4pyrBX'i> Toproiibix'b craTefi, 6bi4u OTaycRaeMbi a B*b AopBRy. 

BopoHeMx Peso cTapaaca 40Ra3aTb, hto Caaaaae iioaa4a4M bi> 
EIcaaHiio a b3t> A4piaTH<iecRaro a Hepaaro Mopefi. aBbreaafl 3Th 
pa6bi, — roBoparb ouii, — h aa 6eperaxii A4piaTBMecKaro a 4ep- 
Haro Mopea, tjifb 40 noc4t4Bflro Bpeueaa HepRecu a rpyaaabi 
(peuplei de la Gircassie et de la Gdorgie) HHtja oCbiKBOBeaie ot- 
4aBaTb cBoifX'b 4tTe& Bi» oJSu'bB'h Ha npe4MeTbi, aii'b Heo6xo4R- 

Mbie. PblHOR'b HX-b 6bIJIl> B'bK0HeTaHTaH0n0.<l'|)»\ fl CbBBOefi CTO« 

poHbi Mory euie yRasaTb aa oioaa ^hm^Qirb, ROTopbifi, CRaaaBX 
npo o6uiapHOCTb npocTpaucxBa, Haceaenuaro naeMeaeirb ,G4asau- 
CRBM'b, npH6aQR4i>: aaoTOMy-TO a aaxo4B4H GjaBna'b-natHaBROBi 
B'b AH4a4yaiH a bi> XopacaHi, no npaMaai; T'fex'b Bofiab, ROTopbia^ 
OUB BejH cb TypRaMti a FpeRaMBD. 



1. ReiDaud, p. 233 et suiT.: «Au sujet des deseentes des Sarrazins sar lea c6i^ 
de b mor Adriatfqne, Toy. Const Porphyr5g6nete. De adm. imp. dans BandoH Impe- 
rium Orientate, t. I, p. 88 et sui?. et p. 131. 






O CJABflHAn Wh MAJOtt A91II, RX A4>PIIIC« U Bli HCnAHlH. 227 

• 

CjkiMj&Th aantTim, savb iia«io rbpoBTHO, «iTo6bi GjaBnue- 
ajtHHiiKii 6fajiB aosynaeMbi ajh AoAaAyBki rb A4piaTBHi bi* 
^ftepuoM'b Mop'b, 060, eiMB 6bi .AH4a4y3ifl TaKii ayHCiajiacb at 
CjiaBJiaiax'b<*>p»6ax'b, to ^ cTBdia 6bi opoAaaaTb hxt* B'b A4»paRy, 
icaRii TOMi cBB4iTe.ibCTByiorb B II6Hii-XayRaj'b b ajb-KapaBfl. 
H70 »se RacaeTCB 40 cjobx ^iiemRBf to DpeaK4e acero Ha40 
BCO«iiB|iTb, qTo T0>6bia'b iiBcaTejb 40Bo«ibHO no84Biii, xcBBinifi Bi> 
XIV B. (t 1 393 r.) fl optfTOM-b B'b Aaia, a ee B'b AH4ajy3]B, bcto- 
pia RoTopofi «iiy , Morja 6biTb ae oco6eHBo 6jfl3Ko anaROMa. Ha<- 
ROHeiiii ue4b8ii b Be paajB«iaTb B'b cjOBax'b, ^BBemRB 4Byx'b 06- 
cioflTajbCTBi: bo nepBbix'b obi aaaa'b o 4aBHBmBefi[ MHoro«iHCJefl- 
aocTB n^eveea CjanaflCRaro b o 6biTH0CTB H'bBor4a GjasBfl'^BTi 
IScaaaifl; bo BTopbixii, Be aaafl uaaipHoe, RaRBsrb DyteMi> npo- 
■BsajH CMBniie B'b HcnaBiH), obi^ DpaCtrHyj'b ri> Dpe4Do^o»ce« 
Biio, ROTopoe B Dpe4eTaBBj'b bt» 4»opikrfc yTBep4flTeabBofi. CoBep- 
ebbbbo OTBepraTb GBpaBe4^BB0CTb ero Bpe4noJO)KeBifl 6b] jo 6m 

BOBCe fleoCBOBBTe JbBO , TBR'b RaRl> 0<ieBb B03M03KBO, VTO fliCROJb- 
«0 CABBBBCRBX'b OJI-bflBBROBTb 000348^0 B'b HcnaBlH) R TdRIIMlk 

oyreM'b, roBopio B'fecRojbRO, r6o bbb^b AB4ajy3iB Be ornycRaja 
6hi cBOBX'b CjaBBHCRBX'b pa6oBi (ROTopbiX'b npio6p'ikTaja orb 

^paVROBl») B'b Ai^pHRy. 

TaRRM'b o6pa3oiit», ecjfl b Bejbaa OTaepraTb, 4to H'fccROjibKo 
C4aB8Hi>*pa6oB'b wotjb BODaABTb B'b Hcnaflifo b H3i> A«i>pu- 
KB, TO BeJbaa b Be corjacBTbca cii secoHH'fcBHoeTbio Toro bu- 
•B04a, HTB •C«iaBflBe*pa6bi b bjIsbbbrb npoHRRaJM wh BcoaHiio 
DpeBnymecTBeBuo b 4aBce HCRJio^RTeabHo lepea'b IlBpBHeB ott 

4>pdflROBtb. 

Shbji cb 04B0B CTopoBbi, <iT0 CjaBBBCRaa cTBxiif, npoBBRaa 
Vh MeDaaifo, tojbro tbrbmii nyTeM'by t. e. bi> jbu'I; njlBHBROB*b\ 
pa6oBi» M OBByxoBx, BBRor4a Be Mor^a 6biTb bi> Heft oco6eBuo 
aHaHBTewibBa, a gi> 4pyrofi CTopoBM y6'ik3K4eBBbiii Apa6cKnMB ii»- 
BteriBMB rb Toirb. hto CaRajB6a — CaaBBBe bt» HcnaBiu 6bijiB 
BecbBia UBoroiBCjeBBbi b nojbaoBajBCb Be^RRBnii sHaieBieM'b , bh- 

fliyiuiii dTB CTpORR ^bM-b BOCTBBJeB'b^ B'b Beo6x04BMOCTb BJII 

coraacBTbca cb MHtBieM-b^PeRO, t. e. flpBHBMaxb 34'fccb caoBo^'a- 
Kaju6a Be B'b cMbicj'6 co6cTBeBBOii'b , a BapRuaTejbBOM'b, b paay- 

irliTb n041> 9TIIMR CmHSAKOMH Be TOJbRO GjBBflB'b, BO B H'fclllieB'b 



228 B. H. 4AMAHCRArO, 

H McuaHiieB'B, B0o6me pa6oBib ti BDeouorOJiiuHiiixi> , RBRoii 6bi 
ro HH 6bijio HauiouajibUocTa, hjb i(e y40BjeTBopiiACb o6i>flCHe«- 
uieMi> noHTeunaro opieHxajBCTa , npudtrayTb R-b cu-bjoi oaorea-b 
o nepexo4t d'i^rwibixi), Bo^bHMX'b n ryjfluiiixi» jiioAefi b3i> nouopba 
A4piaTiiqecKaro u ii3i> AopHKu r'b Apa6aM'b B-b ncnaiiiib. 

XoTH Bi) &ioHXT» r^aaax-b odiiflCHeHie Peuo b Ma^o-ocROBa- 
TejbBO, a Bi> ero mBwioiii* aHaRoucTB'b cb acTopieio GjaBBHCKoio h 
Bi) Bbixo4i ero co^iBueuia 40 Tpy4a IIIa<i»apBRa, jeHcarb ue TojibRo 
Ropeiib ero oidborb, uo b ea onpaB4aHie, xoth MBiuie Peuo Majo* 
B'bpoaTHO, 4aHce eeaaBBCBiio orb cji4« coo6paHceHiH : Banp. caMB 
IIcaaH0-Apa6cKia BSBtcxia ne paaii OT4'bjiaio'rb CjaBaB'b-pa6oBi> 
0T# 4pyrBX'b pa6.0B'b; nojoHCBM'b cpaBHBTejbBo gi> HiMuaHB Cia- 
Bau> 404HCB0 6biJ0 6biTb HecpaBaeHHo 6oJbiuet b6o Toprx pa6aiifl 
B eBuyxaun Dpoucxo4B4i» *<iepe3i> ^'paBKOB'b, Boropbie, rbri* 
HiiMUbi fl xpBcriaHe, rohc-iho, CRopte b oxorate Dpd4aBa4B a 
ypo40Bajfl GjasBHi*, ROTopbixi> oub npeaapaja, RaR-b GjaBnaii, b 

a3bl4BBK0Bl> B n0CT0aBBblXl> Bpar0Bl> CBOBX-b, BeHcejfl liliiiaeBii, 

cBOHX-b e4iiii0Bt>piieBi> a e4BH0DwieMeBBBR0Bi», 04uaR0 y ApadoB-b bt^ 
Mcuauia Bh HBCjffc padoBii 6bUB Boeaao * n^kuubie, aaxBaqea- 
Bbie BMB B-b Bofiaaxii Cb xpacTiauaMB, cb EIcnaHua&iB, ^paaRaMB 
a cpaBUBTejbHO cb bbmb GjaBaHi> 40j1U\ho 6buo ObiTb ropa34o 
iieBbtne, C4db4« Cafiadu6af yaonauaeMbie B'b ncaaaia. He uoryTi> b 

ue 40J»CHbI 6blTb OOHBIiaeMbl B'b CMblCjt HapBUaTeJbHOII'b, fl6o 

uflr4t a RBRor4a MeHbmaucTBo ne Mevh uaaaaaia, a 6owibtDBii- 
CTBO. T. e. a GaRaJB6a B'b HcnaHia 40J»CBbi 6biTb BpBHBMaeMbi bi 
CMbic^t co6cTBeHHOM'b, B'b dHaqeuiB GaaBBBi* no4o6HO xiiM'b Ga- 
Ra^ada, 4To yooMUHaiOTca B'b Gauajia, A4>paRi a Gapia b <ito 
TBRHce paayMiJi) Peao B'b CMUCdii uapauaTeabuOM'b, e4aucTBeuH0 
no aeauauiio acTopia GdiaBaHi* bx Asia, A<i>pBR'b, ea nouopbH 
A4piaTaHecR0U'b a bx Gaiia^ia; xora, noBTopaio do Bctirb dTiiii'b 
coo6pa}KeuiaMi> BM'ibcTi, Maiuie Peao a Raaajiocb Mat Ma4O-ocB0- 
BaieJbHbiM'b a Majo-BipoaTHbiM-b, a xota npe4no40»<euie Cja« 
BABCRBX'b diribix-b, BOJbHbixi* B ry^auiBX'b 4i04ax'b B-bUcaaHia, 

BeCbMa BipOATUOe, RaR'b Mbl BbllOe BB4t4a, Be MOXCeXl 6bITb OT- 

paayTo, a6o aa-b Maccy4a, ElSa-b-XayRaja, 96fl'b-GnpoTa, E16B'b- 
Fafiflaa a II6u'b-Xa44yHa mm aaaoni, <iTp GjaBaae B'b X b. anija 
HeDocpe4CTBeHHbifl cHoioeaia cb Aii4ajiy3ieio, xotb no BB4BiioMy 



C4ARflHAXl> Bt MAJOIl A3IH, Bl> .AtpPHK-B U BX MCnAillB. 229 

Bce y6t»C4aao Meua^ee cor^aiiiaTbca cb Peeo, oiiHaKo, ae HMi>a 
HHsaKux-b apaMbixi> cBU4'feTedibCTBi> Bii aojbay cBoero ape4nowio- 
Mceuia, a e4Ba«AB 6bi Ror^a pkuiBMH npe4«io»CHTb ea cy4i> qaTare- 
JieS 4a»e cbob coMaiHia bt* cnpaBe44HB0CTn Muteia Peuo a no- 
jKBBHO aaMtuaTb ero cbobmi^ co6cTBeuBbiMi> Dpe4n(MoaceBieM'b, 
ecjB 6bi ae o4bo 4paroii']kaaoe aaBtcTie, Bafi4eauoe muoio bx co- 
"mBeaia oo34HMinaro Apa6cKaro y^eaaro ROMoa^aTopa a^b-Ma- 
sapa, no4'b aarjiaaieM-b : aHcropia Mycy^ibMaai* bi> Hcnaflian, aa- 
B'icTBOM'b nat bi* nepeB04'6 fl bi> a3BJie«ieBiaxi» HcnaacRaro yse-. 
uaro Faaaroca (1840 — 3). He iiory ae BUpaaaTb BCKpeaitaro 
CBoero y40B04bCTBia. ^to MB'ik nepaoiiy, ec^a ae ouia6aiocb, npa- 
xo4BTca o6paTBTb BBBMaaie CjaBaacKBXi> HaxaTe^efi aa aro npea- 
BbisaMao jio6oBbiTBoe asBicrie. ' 

Ce4b|iofi RBBra, oepBaa rjaaa coh. ajb^MdRapa hocbt'B CA-bs, 
aardiaaie: ctCocToaaie jBTeparypbi apa FaujaM'b 1I». 34'ibcb Me»c4y 
apo^iBM-b roBoparb aub-MaRapa: ccB'b qapcTBosaaie FamaMa II a 
Bi> DpaByieaie ajb-Maaaopa (f 1002 r. do P. X.), jarepaTypa a 
nayaa npooaiTaaa b^ Kop40B'fc. ^aace C^aBflacRie 4BopuoBbie 
eaayxB^ aaaBMa^acb bmb cb Be^BHa^oiaMi ycn'Jbxouii, a Hday- 

1. 3aMl»^ 84tcb pavk aa ■cer4at ^ro oto CiiOBO ae eolAyerfc Bcer^a npaaH- 
MaTb 6yKBajbB0. EeHyxii oo-Apa6cra xaduM, qro ecTb chhohhhi crh Apa6cRH]iH 
cJOBaaa tfiama, tyjuMM, cada, saa^ puer, faiDttlas, satellea. Bora cjoaa jyn- 
maro »i» Qacroamee apeiu saaToxa acropia Apa6cKoi Hcoaaia: «od poor- 
nil ciler des exemples aombreuz do cette signification, inais puisque le tern.e so 
Iroove en ce sens presque i chaqoe page chez lea auteun qai traitent de Thittoire 
d'Espagoe, je puis me dispenser de multiplier les exemples d'un terme si frdquem- 
ment employ^; qu'il sufOse done de dire que par les mots.^. (cj^a* era qerupe 
Apa6cKia cjoaa), on d^igne its gardes ou les pages d' la condition d'eselaves^ sou- 
vent aussi les eunuquesu. Dozy: Recbercbes sur I'histoire politique et litt6raire de 
I'Espagne pendant le moyen Age. Tome 1. Leyde. 1849. p. 206. Have bii auuiicKaxii 
■amax'b aa^ ajb-MaKapa no nepeB04y FajiBroea ue paa-k 6y 46711 BcrptqaTbca sto 
cjOBo; npa ceai a npocu Ji 61^ qararejii ae aa^uaarb aa cjorb 4o3Hy aa roro raKse 
o6cToaTejbCTBa, qro Fafliirocb aosce ue Dpe4nojaraj'b B03M0»H0CTa npoBHRarb Cja- 
aaaaaii B-bHcnaaiio ae qepe3'bnapaBea,KaKaH'bnyTeH-b nona4aja Ty4a pa6bi a BBuyxa, 
a noTOMy Moacen* 6biTb npa <mob1» Caaaaaaa^ cTaaaj-b cjobo aafiMcA a Tor4a, aor4a 
loro TOKcrb ajb-Maaapa a ae rpe^Soaaj-b. Buponeaii a caa-b ajb-Maaapa, aaK-b ii»- 
cartJb noB4«blluiitl (XVII a.), o^eab jerKO aorb ue aaarb o nepexoAt a-b Mcaaain 
CjasaacKax'b BOJbaux'b a ryjxutax'b Ji0|tett, a Nimero ae cibixaaii o6'h acropia ot« 
■omeniil Ciaaaaii ai* Apa6aai> a'b Aaia, A-Piri/i, u Cauujia, a umhn nepeA'b co6or) 



230 



B. U. jIAMAHCKAro, 



raiiHui* (Apa6cKiH iicTopiiKi> XI b., do caorbuib 4o3ti le plus graDd 
historien de TEspagne), coxpaae^x HMeBa MuorMxii (ihe Dames of 
several), 0Tjiii<iaBuiHi:ca CBOunii apoB3Be4eHiflMH bi» ^3Hbixi> po* 
4axi» jHTepaTypbi. Oabb'b Ba-b bbxt* 6bU'B 4^dmuH6f soTOpbig He 
HM'fadi'b ce6'b conepHBRa vh SBaaiB aauRa Apa6cRaro, h do cuepTH 
KOToparo Bi> 1029 r. 6bijio npo4aBO BejBROjioHoe Gofipanie 40- 
porBXii KBBr^ (a beautiful collectioo of valuable books). Cdtasa- 
HBH'b BueHeMii ra6B6i HauBcadiii coHBHeaie, Ei04'b aaraaBievh : 
cflcHbifl B oo6'&40DorBbia 40Ra3aTejibCTBa npoTflBii rfex-b, ROTopue 
oTpBuafOT-b DpeBocxo4Ubia RanecTBa GjaBan-h^, cosBaeuie* irb 
ROTopoM'B OBI* coo6aiaeTi» aeaRaro po4a jEo6oDbiTHbia D04po6- 
aocTBi MCTopiK) B aapo4flb]fl irbcBB (co6cTBeBUo H emuxu) Cjia- 
BflB-b^D. — •- (Gayang II, 200). 9to naaicTie Do6y4B4o Meaa ciffe- 
^0 3aflBHTb cBoe Dpe4aojoHceBie 4o6poBOjibBosfii Depexo4t ki> 
Apa6aMX bti Hcoaaiio oxoHBX'b, BOJbauxii b ryjauiax-b CjiaBauii. 
UaA'ibiocb, HSB-bcTie dTo 40CTaT0«iB0 ero 0DpaB4b]Baer& , b6o caMo 
no ce6t 40Ra3biBae'rb, hto Gjiabaae vh HcuauiB 6biJB mbofo- 
•iBCjeBBbi, aaHBMa^B DB4Boe noJOHceaiei coxpaaaja cbok) Hapo4- 
MocTb, rop4BJBCb eK) fl BbicTaBJiaaa aa rB4^ cbou o^ieHeBBbia aa- 
cayra, sero obiTb ae Moruro, ecja 6bi obb nona4aJH B-b Rcna- 
Biio TOJbRo «iepe3i DapflBeB, B3ypo40Bauabie, nn pyRi> 4>paB- 

R0B1>. 

EcjB 6bi GjaBaae bx Hcnaaia 6bisu Majo«iBCJeaafoi, ae aaaa- 
Majfl BB4aaro B'b uefi noJOHceaia, ae coxpaafldB CBoeii aapo4Bo- 
CTH, ae rop4BjBCb eio a ae BbieraBJAja aa BB4'b caoux-b ojeMea- 
Hbix-b saojyr-b, to l)Be4b3a 6b] 6bM0 yRa3biBaTb Apadami* aa to. 



04b1i BSBtcTifl H^Ht-Xayiaja ■ aJb-Kapam, oHeab jerKo Morfc, noiio6BO Peuo 11 
raaorocy, npeAnojosuTb, <ito Cjaejiue npoHHKajH B'b UcnaBin edHHCTBesBo toj^ro 
Mepea'b IIupBHeB, h8% pyvb ^^paaKoaii. 

1. FaBBrock, npaae/ifl sarjaaie no-Apa6cKB, aaMtTHji'fc: < which literally triDS- 
bted, meaoa «clear and ▼icUurioas argnments against those who deny the esceUences 
of the ScltToniansD. ' 

2. Coo6ioao ero aparooibaBoe aaiftcTie noAMmmuMmm cjioaam AarjiiacMro oepe- 
■04HaKa: vk Sclavooiaa, named Habib is said alto to luTe written a work entitled 
itelear proofs and Tietorioos arguments (in favour) of the excellencea of the Sclaronie 
racen, in which he introduced all manner of enterletning anecdotes, history and 
Terses of tIA SclaTonians*. 



n CJAHHIMXT Rl> MA JOB A»1H, Bl> A^vpHK-fe M B'b M0I1>^ IIIM. 231 

HTo C^aBMHet sKUBinie niy HcnaiiiH, sauuMajacb JHTepaTypoio n 
HayKaMH n hm^jh paaubix'B aHcate^efi, terwa aaMiqareaLUbixb. 
Baap. ^l^afnuHa, KOTopbiii b'B BCKyccTB-b sja^^Tb Apa6cKBM'b bsm- 
Kou'h He aea^'b ce6i conepHHRa. HroHCb ryr-b 6biJ0 6b] oco6eH- 
aaro b^ib y4aBBTejbHaro, ecjB 6bi CiaBaae bi> HcnaHiB He sua.iB 
n He coxpauaaH CBoero asbifca? ec^B 6bi ax-b 6buo Ma jo, rto 6bi 
BXTv aaM'fcTBj'b? ecJB 6bi aaHBMajiB HaqroHcBoe noJOHceHie, ohb 
6bi BBRor4a ae nojysBjB bosmotkhocth npio6piTaTb TaRia no- 
aaauia, Taaia codpania RHBri*; ecjadbi Gjasaae Bi»llcaafliB 6biviti 
TojbRo pa6bi H eaayxB, to 4Ja Toro, moCbi Bbiyqaaarbca TaK-b 
Kopouo aabiRy Apa6cROMy, aecbHa TpyjHOHy, Ha40 an-b 6bi.io 
noaa4aTb B-b Hcnaaiio ae aaane, aaa'b foaouiana a uajb^HRaMB, 
a B-b TaROMX QAyna'h obb jerao 40Jiaaibi 6biJB 3a6biBaTb CBoil 

pn4B0i fl3bIRl>, CROpO yTpaMBBaTb CBOia HapO4H0CTb>, — ^ITOaCli Bl 

TaRoirb cjynat y4BBBTeJbHaro a 4a3Ke3acjiy'#KBBaioinaro aaaMaHia 
vb TOMi*, ^To Taaie-TO GjaaaHe nacaja do Apa6cRB a ynpaacaa- 
jBCb Bi paaabixi* p64ax'b jBTeparypbi? 2) Ec.ih6i>i bx GjaaaHaxii 
HcnaBCKBX'B ae hcbjo ^yscTBa Hapo4H0& rop40CTB, to ue 6biJo 
6hi B03M0HCB0 aBjeaie ra6B6at TaRoro CjaBAHHua-BCTopBRa, ro- 
Ropbiii nocTaBHJii ce6b 3a4a<ieK> coxpaaaTb aa aaMATb B^uaM-b 

n03JlB'b&mBMl> A'kMi H D04BBrB CBOBXli e4Ba0ajeM*'UHHR0B'b, Cb 

ii^fejiio BOKaaaTb ax-b aacjyra a acao a no6t40HocHO aacnpoBepr- 
ayTb 4;KMBbie tojrb ax'b He4o6poxoTorb. flBjeaie ra^aSa, na- 
4'fciocb. y6'fc4BTejbHo 40Ra3b]BaeT'b, hto CjaBaae, acBBmie bx Hc- 
flaaiH, upoBBKajB B-b aee ae TOJbRo ^tepeaii napBaea, 6t> Kane- 
CTBt BoeHHO-nj'i;uHbixi>f pa6oBi> a eBayxos'b, ao a RaRi> Bo.ibHbie, 
ryjfliuie jio4a, ROTophixi* Apa6hiHciiaaeRie mofjb apBBBMaTb t hM-b 
oxoTii-be, «iT0 HXT> CBaajiHcRie, A4»pBRaacRie a AsiiicRie 6paTbfl 
4aBiiu yace bo4bjb 4py»c6y co CiaBaaaMB. HaROueu^b rx aaje- 
Hifora6B6a mm* Taai* cRaaaTb, yace aparoTOB.ieubi »3BicTiaMB — 
o CjiaBaaBB'^ Mo4a<i»ep'&, ROTopbiii yqaj'b HBCbMy'ioaaro Sloaaa, 
xajH<»a ^aTHMH4CRaro, Bja4tji> oTjaqao ApadcRHafb^ asbiKOM-b 
ae TOJbRo B3ycTHbiM'b, ao a DBCbMeaabiMii, a B-bToace BpcMa co- 
xpaaajTi gboh) CiaaaacRyH) Hapo4uocTb a ae 3a^»b]Baj'b cBoero 
po4Haro a3biKa, — o GjaaaBBfli^ 4»aTHHt (f 1029 r.), ae 3HaB^ 
uieMb ce61i pasHaro BbHCRyccTBt B.iaabTb ApaocKUM-b a3biK0Mi> a 
o6ja4aBUieM b npeKpaciioio daojioTeRoio, a TaR^ne a o 4pyrBX'b G.ia- 



232 B. II. JAMAUCKArO, 

Biiuavbv 0T.iH4aBiiiHiLcfl Bi) pa3Hbixi> po4ax'b ^iHTepai jphi. 9to flO* 
CJ l>4Hee GOo6paiKeBie bt* cbash cb upe^'hWdymBUVk o6jHMaeTii scto 
aaKOuuocTb rbaqhih FaSuda — nocpe4ii CaaBHHii HcnaucKuxi*, ii 
iia4tiOCb, BCK) cijpaBe4*iHB0CTb npe4aojaraeifaro eio oditflcueHifl: 

eCwlH CwiaBflHC BT) HcnaHlH 6b]4H MBOruHHCJeOHbl , b xotb boc- 
BBTblBaJBCb BTb MyCJTJbMaUCTB'fe, COXpaBHwlH O4BaK0 cboio Ha- 

po4BocTb, aaBRMan bt» bch Bii4Boe noaoHceBie, He aadbieajB cbo- 
ero oTenecTBeuBaro jiabiRa, rop4H4ncb cbohmh B^ieMeHijbiMM sa- 
cjyraMB, to obu 40J?KBbi 6bMn nsiiTb b cBoero BCTopBKa b 4a- 
poBaTb jHTepaTypt ApaocKoii FaSH^a, TaRb RaRi> o6ja4ajiB HysK- 

HblMH Rl> TOMy 4apOBailiaMU B CpC4CTBaMB, 406blTblMB BMB Wh 

ubicoKoii Tor4a o6pa30BaiiBoCTB Apa^o-MycyjbMaBCKaii, KOjopyio 
006^ oHB ycBOHjB TaR-bf MTo MHode B3'b BBXT) ci> BejaRHMT* yciil;- 
xoM-b sauiiMajBCb .iiiTepaTypoK) b BayRaMB, a B'tKOTopbie, 00406- 
110 <^aTl1fly, CHUTajHCb y caMBX-b Apa6oBi> nHcaTejaaiB o6pa3ii.o- 
BbiMu no HSbiRy.TaRoe o6biicBeBie, BaH6oj'be RaaKefcfl cnpaBe4JH- 

HOC B e4Ba An Be e4BHCTBeBH0 B03M0»CH0e, BHyUltfJO UWb CMijOCTb 

HacraBBatb Ba Beo6xo4flMocTB npBHBuaTb 3a B-fcpBoe to npek- 
nOvio>Keuie oauie, hto CiaBflHe oepexo4BJB bIi HcnaHiio oxotbo b 
CB(>6o4Ho, Bii RanecTBb Bo.ibBbJxi> B ryjBiitBX'b jii04efi, a He TOJb- 

RO Bl) Ra'ieCTBk BOeHHO-DJ'ikuilblX'b B BeBOJbBHKOB'bt ROTOpbiXh 

ypo40BajfB <{>paBRB b npo4aBajB Apa6aM'b bV AB4ajy3iio« Eo- 
raTCTBO CTpaubi, y4o6cTBO coo6uieHiii, rop4aii OTBara, 4ep3Raa 
iipe4npiiiM4HBoeTb, H€a»{4a BOBaro, npacyuiafl BCflROMy M0J040My 
B CBi^KeMy Bapo4y. CwiasiiBCRaji y4ajb cb CjaBBHCRBM-b me aaocb^ 
npHr^ameuifl u npB3biBbi cbmbxii Apa6oB'b, hmchbo xajfl4>0Bi>, ro- 

TOpblMli, 4T06bl CJOMBTb U'ikR0r4a paBBblXl* CeC'k apBCTORpaTOB^y 

iiy>K4a 6bua bo BH'IsmiieB CBj'b, bi> BflocTpaHHOMT> BoScRt, 4aB« 
flnuiHee 3BaK0MCTB0 Apa6Qrb co CjaBflBaniB bt> M. Asib, CitpiH, 

ActkpBRls B CllUBjiB, BX-b TtCHblfl GBil3B B yHaClie CjaBAH'b B-b 

cyxonyTBUxx b mopcRHXi* CBwiaxi* Apa6oB'b, BbicoRoe MBiaie cbxi» 

nOCwli34HBX'b O Bap04B0CTB GjaBflHCROS, BC'b dTH o6cT0flTeJbCTBa B 

coo6paH{eBifl, coLepuieflHo BecoMBi>BBMA b BeonpdBepHfBMbin, RaRi) 

Ra»C40e 0T4li.1bH0, TBR-b B BCi> BMtCT'b> MOFJB CJiySKBTb 40CTaT01«- 

HbiMB no6y4BTejibHbiMB npB<iBflaMB 4^H raRoro cBo5o4iiaro b 40- 
- 6poBO.ibnaro nepexo4a C^abhiix R'b Apa6aMi* bi> HcnaHiio. 

He TOJLRo 3TU cooopa»{eni?i, ho B,6oa3Hb BeTOMaaro b neBip- 






O G4ABfllfAXX m» WA^Oii A31M, Wh A<l>PHK'b U Bl> IICDAUIB. 233 

Bnro o6i>flciieHiA, no6y4HjM mchii cjosa AnrwiificKaro oepeB04HH- 
Ka — verses of the Sclavooiaos nouuMaTb Bb cMbic^i Hapo4Hbix'b 
O'feceH'B, ape4aHiH. Hua^ie Hce Ha4o qHTaxb — (ccthxii GjaBflHi> on- 
caBmHXi> 00 Apa6cRH», hto e4Ba jh oe oneub Hejfcoo. CwiaBBiinHb 
ra6H6i» Haaiicadii coHHoeHie ao4i> aarjaBieM b : ccflcBbia m ooni>- 

itOBOCHblfl 40Ka3aTejlbCTBa OpOTUB'B Tfcxi», KOTOpbie oipuuaioT'b 

f 

npeBocxo4UbiB Ra<iecTBa CjaBflHT>», co^HHeoie, bi> KOTopoMi> Dpe4- 

CTaBHJ-b BCflKarO p04a Ji060DblTHblll a04po6H0CTII, HCTOpilO B 

CTBXB CjaBAH'bo (io which he iotrodoced all manoer of entertai- 
niog anecdotes, history and verses of the Sclavooiaos). Ecjb 34tiCb 
oo4i» CviOBom* verses oe paayM^Tb Bapo4Hb]XT> CjaBHBCKHXi* ctb- 
xoB^, cKaaafliB, ope4aB]fi, a tojlko cTuxoTBopeaia GjiaBBBii. to 
RaffT> H<e Tor4a BOBHUiaTb caoBo history? Ajb -MaRapa roBopBTi^y 
<iTO 00 CBB4'bTejbCTBy [I6By - ra&ABa , CjaBiiBe OTjaqaJBCb b'b 
paaBbix-b po4a\i> jflrepaTypbi. Ci* ^ero 6bi FadBdi* Bb 40Ra3a- 

TeJbCTBO OpeB0CXO4BbIXX RaneCTBTi CB0BX1> e4BB0QjeMeBBBR0B'b, 
ClBA'h 6bl rOBOpBTb o6'b 04BBX1> CTaXOTBOpUaXl)? Bl) 0HCB4aBiB 

nodBaro B34aBia D044BBBaro tcrctb ajb-MaRapa aPyccRaro Aepe- 
1104a Bctxi> B3'b Bero M'fccT'b, KacaioiiiBxcA CjaBflBi> BiiHcoaBia, a 
TaRHce B BcnojBeBia 6bi;b MOHceTi> Be Baopacobixii BauiBX'b Ba- 
A^mxh Ba 6oj'&e fl04po6Bbifl BSB'^crifl o xaROMi* bi> Bbicueii CTeneBB ' 
easKBOui* BBAcaiH , RBROBii CiaBiiBu-Apa6cRiij BCTopHRi» ra6u6i> ^ 



1. Ua^esAu Hanm ocHOBueaioTcfl, BO-nepBuxi*, aa CJt4yiomHX'fc cioeaxi* 4(>3h, 
■eJHKaro seaTOKa ApaOcKoil niicbiieHHocTa : ((quicoD(juti conoait dos catalogues, el 
a eu roccasiuo de les comparer aYec les liTres qui y soot d^crits, sail que nou8 p09- 
sedons bien de tresors dont on isnore Texisteoce (Rech. p. 225); a Bo-BTopuxi>, ua 
^jrhjijiomeM-h coo6pa»eaiH: bi* XI b. opaBHTejen-b B-b TopTOst 6uA'h CjaeaHMu-b 
Jia6u6z; TaAiiroCb ve HaauBaerii ero radM^Ts. 4o8tf, o6jii*ihbi> omndRy Faauroca, 
oamejii iiysHbiaii* npif cein* aanibTBTb: crAi-je tort quand j'a^aoce qu'H faut toujoura 
coasulter le texte arabe d'al-Bfakkari, et quMI ne faut point a'en rapporter ^ la tra- 
doctioD anglaise? Quaod je publierai dans un autre Tolnme de cet ouTrage, des 
Bxtraitt de I'outrage d'Ibn Bassam, j'auraL k rerenir sur Thistoire de Tortose, parce 
qai*lim'Waiyan^ copii par Ibn-Bassdm, nous a laiis4 sur Vhistoire de cetfe viiie et 
9ur Za6i6, son gouvemeufj des rsnseignements pr^cieuxn. (Recb. 200). Ecjh natcb 
Fajiarod Hnrajii oiaH6o<iHO JPa^dB BM'bcro Jia6u6h hjn Jie6u6^^ to ne ouindcfl .lu 
oH-b II B-b nanHcaBiB Maieaa Bcropaaa ra6a6a? He oTKpoerca jb Tox^ecTBeueocTb 
CjaBjiBBBa-ucTOpBKa CB CjaBfluaaoa'b-npaBaTejeM'b bi* Toprosft? Toti> a ^pyroil 
xaju Bi* XI B., Tori> a 4pyroil Cjaaaiie, o tomii a ^pyroaii roBOpar-b II6uy Faaaa'b. 



«34 



B. B. JAMAHGKArO, 



Mhi iio3B04UMb re6li Bi* aaKjiOHeHie jaiffcTMTb, hto CjiaBiiHiiH'i» 
rA6H6i>. no Bceii bIspoathocth BOcnnTauubiii rb MycyjbMaBCTBli, 
no4o6uo apoMHifb CBoyainb 3eMJBKaMi> aojyioj'b xopomee o6pa3o- 
Bauie ii« nojHbitt MyBCTsa Hapo4Bo& rop4pcTH« HaBHca4'bco4HHeHie 
o 4i*4axi> H DOiiBBrax'b CBOBx-b e^BuonaeHeBflBKOBib, KOBe^uio 
opeflMymecTBeBBO Bi»(IcnaBiB, xota bo Bctn BtpoaTBOcTB Be npenH- 
By^'bCRaaaTb b Boo6aie o6'BOTBoaieBiAXi>(liaBaB'bR'bApa6aiiTi, — 
coMBBeaie cBoe Baaaca j-b aa aaurb ApaScRoifb, naiiiR'b caoeii Bt.pbi 
a o6paaoBaBBOCTa no4o6BO Tony, saRi ero conjeMeaaaRa 4ex^ 
Koabifa npaaccRifif CepS-b 4ioR4eem»« no4iiR'b Ka44y6eR%, obb- 
CMBajB AbAa cBoaxi> npe4R0Bi« aa aafoiRt CBoeM Btpbi a o6pa3o- 
BaaaocTB, aa aawRi •laTaacRoiii, Bjib aeaaBtcTBhifi Boarapaa-b 
aanacaj-b acaTie cb. KjaafeaTa aa mhUKb rpe^ecR0M'b\ 

flBJeaie ra(la6a, jerRO a npocTO o6i>acBaeiioe Maoro^acjea- 
BocTbio CjaBBBii Bi> HcnaBiB a BX'b noJoaKeaieMi bii aeii, caMo 
Wh cBoio oqepe4b Beo6xo/iaiio yRaauBaei'jb hb ary uaoroHHcaea- 

BOCTb. 

fl« Apa6bi » BO cMepta caoero reaiaJibBaro IIpopoRa , Wh ko- 
poTRoe apeua coBepaiaja caMbifl diacTaTe^bBMa aaaoeaaaiii ae 
T04bR0 Wh Aaia, A^paRi^ ao a ri io3Kaoii a aaaaABoil Espoirfcy 
TAh BBpoieMii Bo6t4a Kapja MapTeji«ia acRopt npaay4Bja bxi» 
orpaBBHBTLCfl OABOK) HcBaaieio^ Xotb no6'b4a ara a ae Mor4a Wh 
Mycydbaaaaxi* acTpedaTb eme Ba4eaK4t»i aa saBoeBaaie ocTajbBofi 
xpaciiaacRofi EBponbi a T'bM'b Meaie ocTaaoBRTb aa 6y4ymee 
BpeMB BX'b onycTOBJBTejbBbix-b Ba6'fcroBi», ace tbrb oaa aiiitaa 
pf>inaTPjibuoe BjiaRie aa cy4i>6y xpacTiaBCTBa bi» aaBa4Bott Espo- 
nt., iioRaaaBTi xpacTiaaaH'b aa 4t4t, rbr'b aa40 BCTptiaxb a rbrii 



B-b nevb asKjioqaioTCfl 8th /iparoirbnHUji narbcriji (dei renseiifnements pr^cieai), 
cozpaHeHBUfl y Hfia'b'Baecaiia^a cniicauBUfl bh'& 7 HOa'b-raBjiBa b AeduW? C% ne- 

repo-biiiein. oactuaPMi* 2-tt "lacni Tpy>ia 4oa«. 

« 
1. Vita S. Clementit Episcopi Bulgaroniin. ed. Fr. Miklosich. TindoboDae. p. 28. 

1847. Tot« BoiiXyapoic ^jjitv. 

3. Weil: Getcbichte der Khallfen. — Reinaudx Invasiooa des Samiins en 
France, et de France eu Saroie, en Pi^niont et dans la SuUse pendant lea VllI) IX 
•t X« alleles de autre ^re, d*apr^ les auteurs chr^tienaet mahom^tans. Paris. 1836. 8^ 



O CJABNHAXX Wh MAJOS A81H, Bli A<^PflK'B H Bl> HCDAHIH. 235 

ilojMCuo apoROHcsTb dTRXi> HcapRHXi noRJOHRHRoB'b KopauH. Aoj^ro 
H oocrb Toro npo^oJHcajH Apa6bi HaB04BTb tipax^h oa Efipooy a 
HhiH*feuiHaH <I>pdHaia erne aojfo Tepn'kia ott> hx'b rpoaubix-b ao- 
xoAOBi> \ Ho Bce iKe ysacTb ea 6bMa ysKe o6e3ne<ieua, 6daro4apa 
Kapjy BewiHROMy, ineAineMV b'b dTOM'b OTHomeHiH no npHH^py 
CBoero BejiBRaro npe4Ra. Uo&bjihi xpucTiam*, HaBcer^a ocTaaoBBB* 
loia ^a.ibH'IkHaiee pacopocTpaHeHie Mycj^bMaacTBa bti Eaponli, 6buu 
6jaroA'bTejibHbi e^sa jb ee CTOJbRO ace, Rain* aah 3aaa4Haro xpB- ' 
criaHCTBa, b aah caMBXi GapaubiHT*. OTBbiirb 60^*66 cocpe40To- 
^eflflbie B-b BSB'&CTHbix'b npe^'bjax'B , obb i^e pacTpa«iBBaiorB cbo^ 
BX-b BByTpeHHBX-b CBJi) Isa 04BB rpa6eH€fl b nacBjifl, ue MesTaiorb 
yffce 061 o4Hofi BofiBi b saBoeBauiaxi* , BCRaHcaiomBX'B b 6^x11 b 
BflyTpeaflioio npapo^y Hapo4a, KOToputi HCBBerb bhb bcrjiio^b- 
TejbBo. Teaepb 9to 6oraT(r 04apeBBoe oJieiifl ycrpeHjaeT'b cboio 
jiiiiTeJbBocTb aa BayTpeaaee paaBBtie b , He yTpaqaaaa cBoefi bo- 
HBCTBeBBocTB, BpeBMyoiecTBeBBo o6paiiiaeTca r'b Bay^eHiio o6pa* 
aoBasBOCTB 4peBti[flro Mipa b R'b co84aHiio cBoeii co6cTBeHHofi « bi» 
newh oMy a y4aJ0Cb TaR%, hto BecMOTpa aa bcm) ea 04BocT0pofl- 
BocTby xopomo ofinbacHBioiiiyio .ea BenoBrfcpBo-*6bicTpoe paaBarie, 
o6pa30BaBBocTb dTa HRRor4a ae oepecTaHeT'B y4flBdiiiTb BCBRaro 
deanpacTpacTRaro Ba6jio4aTejia. Bx aame speBia, Kor4a 4aBce ea- 
vbiH-b ropflHBMi DOR.ioUBBRaM'b' epe4BeB'bROBaro xpacTiaBCKaro 
3aoa4a cTaHOBBTca ace oqeBfl4Hie, RaK'B cTpaBao b aaH'b aejaRo 
5mjio BCRaaceHie EaaBre^bCRaro yqeflie bii cpe4Bie aiRa, b-b uame 
Bpeiifl« cjiaBa Bory, yace bobmoskbo yTBepffC4aTb9 qro 9Ta 6jecTa- 
uiaa, xota a o4HocTopoRBaB oSpaapBaaaocTb Apa6cRaa ao muo- 
roM-B npeBocxo4Bja coBpeueflHyio efi xpacTiaacKyio aa 3aoa4'b, 
KOTopbifi o6a3aai» e& MH0)rBiii>, xora a 40 Be4aBHaro apeMeaa ae 
oepecTaBadi-b BeaasaTb Apa6oBi> aapaapaaa. Ho npomjia npe4pa3- 
cy4RH , Ha 3aaa4'b CTa^H 6e3npBCTpacTH0 a opacTa^bBo aaysaTb 
Hx-B BCTopiK), HX'B jBTepaiypy, BX'b naMflTHBHB BCRyccTBa; npeac- 
aia noBBTia aaMtaaJiacb ; yBB4a4H , mo m^cto Apa6aM'b b-b rcto- 
pia le^oai^iecTBa cyBC4eB0 aaaaTb 40B0JbH0 BH4Hoa. KaR'b 04HaKo 
HOBO a ae4aBHe Taaoe 6e3npacTpacTie , apBuip-b Tony acTopia 
Hcnaaia. CTpaaa, B'b ROTopofi 40jro roeao4CTBOBajH Apa6b), r4ik 

t 

1. Cm. ^einaod, ibid. 



236 B« H. JAMAUCKArO, 

dim ocTaBHJit cBou cjt4bi, noHbiH'h ueM3rja4iiMbie , KaKit irb oa- 
MH riiuKax'b ucK)ccTBa, TaK'b BTb o6bi4aAX'h u upaBaxi) HapoAHbix b, 
HcoauiH, 4epe3i> KOTopyio npouuKja Apa6cKaa cTuxia h Ha 3a* 
Qa^Ty, noubiH'b ue Mo»cen» Rpe.4CTaBiiTb cROJbBo Hii6y4b qojhoh h 
y40BaeTBopHTejbuoii ucTopiH bii aepio4b MycyjbMaHCRaro bt* ueii 
Bja4b]qecTBa. Tpy4Hoc'Cb iiabiKa, majan 40CTynB0CTb bctombrrob^ 

TaK'fKe Ha^O oSTtBCHflfOT-b aTO o6cTOIITeJbCTBO, KaRT> H He40CTa- 

TOKi) obiTwiHBOCTU H »casK4bi 3uaui}i , 3a HTO yHce HRKTO 86 yopeK- 
HeTi> Esponefiua. HaiuoHajbHbie Dpi!4pa3cy4RB u 4pyria aad^yxc- 
uin He To^bRO 404ro Mt>majH 3ana4y ch jiffo6oBbK> iipHcrynoTb ri> 
n3y4eHiio Apa6cRo& cTuxiu Bb ncTopin ^re^oBisecROH oopa30Bau- 
HOCTH, HO 4au<e H HaBcer4a nory6M4H UHOHcecTBO 4paroui>HHbix'fc 
aaMHTHHROBi* H HCToiHiiROBi>, ROTopbie 6e3cnopHO ue najo 6m 
cBliTa DpojHJu Ha HCTopiK) M reorpa4»iio caMoa Efiponbi. Ue paay- 
M'ibio 34l>cb rH6eviu DaMnTHHROBi», npoHCX04HBUieij hc pa3i> bo Bpe- 
MH uapo4Ubixi> Bo&Hb 3a B^py H HeaaBHCHMocTb. TaRiA GOHca^tniil 
rjiituKoub ne4aiiTH4ecRia« bm'b RaRi>-To cob^ctho upe4aBaTbCfl apB 

MblC4U BOdCTaniAX-b UaCCb: CB0604a BCAR0& Hap04H0CTB CBSTbl- 

HH... Ho 3a TO T'ibii'b B03iiyTBTeJbH'be 4tficTByioT'b Ha 4yuiy TaRia 
HCTpe6jeHia« hto H4yT'b OT'b 0T4tJbHbix'b 4H4nocTeA, DO CBoeuy 
yMCTBeuHouy pa3BHTiH) cToniuHX'b Bbime yposna uaccb, bo ape- 
Mena Han b 6^B3Ria h, hto eiiie oTapaTBTe^bnte, ao ana xpacriaH- 
CTaa, bo HMa catra b jeo6bb. Kap4HHaji'b XHMeHecb apBRaaaxb 
80,000 ApadcRBX-b pyRonacefi cHceib Ha njiouia4axi> rpaBa4bi,TaR'b 
RaR'b owh co4epHcajH b-b ce6t ysenia, Mtoiaamia pacnpocTpaHeHiio 
xpHCTiancTBa B-b Do6tH€4euHoif'b Hapo4'fc. Jla h nocai} Toro ne 
pa3'b 6bUH 0T6upaeMbi Apa6cKia pyRonHCH oT-b hxi> B4a4'ikTe^iefi . 
u npe4aBaJHCb oruio. CoBepmeHHO tbrbm-b ace o6pa30Mi>, 3aMi4y 
RCTaTM, AhiiCTBOBaaa h e4HU0B'fcpHaa HcQafliB AacTpia nanp. Cb 
uauiBMB cou.ieMenuHRaMH Hexauu nocjb poRoaoii ElMoropcKofi 
6HTBbi. BoiicRoMb B04BopeHHbie ab Hexia eayarbi h HHRBusuuia 
TaRHce T04no bo HMa xpHCTiaHCTaa , BCTpe6.iaja MBOHxecTBo Mem- 
cRHXi» Rilurb H pyR0DBceii« HaRit co4ep»caBuiaxi> ai* ced'fc y4eHia 
ryccHTCKJii B Cvii>40BaTejbuo apoTBBHbia pacnpocTpaueuiio aaro- 
wiuuH3iia Bi> n()6'fe»C4eHU0M'b Hapo4t.lliue MCHte CTOJitTia TOMy an- 
3a4'b9 no4TH coBpeitfeuHHR-b H •loMOBocoBa B HoBHRoaa H Koaap- 
cRaro, 64aro4ecTHBbiii eayar-b Konam-b (ti760) xaa^Biica, RdRi* 



O C4ABilllAX'li Bl> MAwlOii A31il, VB A«^PHR'fi B Wh HGDAHIH. 237 

npaee^iHliiiiiiiiM'b cbohmi» no^BuroM'b, rbMit^ hto co6cTBeHiiopyHijo 
CHcerB AO 60,000 HeiiicRnxi> Rimri> h pyKoniiceH. He6peHceiiie 
Apa6cRoS jRT^paTypoK) 6biA0 npu^iiiHOio, hto noHcapi> bi* 9cRy- 
pia^t (bi> XVII B.) MCTpediu-b Bh ueMi> oojie ^^ BOCTOHUbix-B py- 
RODHcefi. HaROHeai> B-b 1760 — 70 r abhjch Tpy4i> KaanpH — Ka- 
Ta^orb Apa6cRHXii pyRonHceS bi> dcRypiaji^ (Bibliotbeca Arabica 
HispaDa Escurialeosis), Tpy4i> BecbMa noHTeHUbiS ajih toro Bpe- 
neHH, iio*Tt>M'B ue Meaie BcnojHeHHbiii BejoRiix-b He40CTaTR0Bi>« 
Bii CBoeu'b H34aHiH R nepeB04'ii paaiibixb Apa6cRiixi> OTpbiBROBi>« 
oui> Haj'i^Jaj'b oujii6oR'b, TaRi> RaRi> 6bui» jiia.io SHaROMii cb Dpe4- 
ueTOM-b \ Bi) HCTopifi HayRH nepBoe aaHHMibMicTo upHQa4jie}KiiTi> 
HcnaucROMy HCTopuRy KoH4e, H34aBiDeMy cboh) HcTopiio rocao4- 
CTBa ApadoB-b bt* HcnauiB, bi* 1 820 r. Bi» RHBrb ero 6buo aaaBjeuo, 
HTO OHa HaDHcaea na ocuoBauiB Apa6cRHxi> hctohbhrobi*. CbTisxi* 
Dop'b Bcfe ao34Btfiu]ie BBcaTe^H no BCTopiu McnaHiu, RaR'b.HtM- 
Ubi, TaKi> B 4>paHuy3bi — Au]6axi>, IHet^ep-b, Pocbio Geurb-H^ep'b, 
PoiieB CHHTajB 40JiroMi> Cwi'640BaTb aTOMy pyR0B04BTe4i0 , BecbMa 
noHTeuBOMy no bx'b MBiaiio. B'b 1 840 — 3 r. HcnaHeu-b IlacRy- 
ajb 46 raiiBroci> B34aji> aa ABFjiificROMii HZhiK^ B'b JoB40Bli ne- 
peBOA^b n B3BdieHeHifl u^-h coHBueuifl Apa6cRaro DRcaTe.ia a.ib- 
MaRapB (tl631 r.), flaoBcaBuiaro acxopiio MycyjibMaiiCRBXi> 4b- 
iiacTiif BT> ncnaeiB b Qo^bsoBaBtnarocfl 4peButiiujBMB Apa6cRHMB 
pyKOBBCHMB, B3i> RoHxi> Muoria ne 4ouijb 40 Haci>. npeHC4e Ta- 
aaroca yme oTHacTB no3BaROMMji> EBponeiicRyK) nydanRy ch 3a« 
HtHaxeJbtibiM'b coHBaeuieMi) ajb-AlaRapa AarjiiBCRiS yneBbiH 
Mp^^i (Murphy); ROTopbiii Bi* cBoeMi> coHBaeaiB aHcTopin itfy- 
' cyjkuaHCRoii MOiiapxiu bt> HcnafliM)) npe4CTaBB4'b 40BOJbBo 4Jibh- 
Hbifl B3BJeHeuia n3'b BeodbiRHoaeHHO Ba»CHaro, ROMnB.iiiTopcRaro 
Tpy4a ajb-Mauapfl. Timii ae Meu'fce cBoiiM'b aepeB040M'b, bsbjc- 
^leHiflMB fl npuM'feHauiaMB raaarocb 0Ra3a4i> aaatayio ycjyry 
HayR'ik. yRa3biBaeMbie ae40CTaTRii a ou]b6rr ero ncpeB04a CjIHiu- 
Koa-b aeMBoroHBCjeaabj 44Htoto, HTo6bi 6biJ0 iioacao 6yRBa.ibUo 
npHaBMaTb uaiaie aoBtfiaiaro yneaaro ^03a, 6e3cnopHo jynaiaro 
rh aame Bpewa 3RaT0Ra Mycy^bMaacRofi ucTopia Hcnaata. Mn'li 
npe4CTaBjaeTC>i oao u cjhuikomi> p'k3RaMi> a 4ajeKo aeonpna^aa- 



I. Cm. npe4acJ0Bie raniiroca. 



238 



B. B. JAMAHCRArO, 



ubiM'b. y^ce FaAurocb vh CBoeiii* ope4HC40BiH (p. XI) BecbMa pis* 
fco oTMiTHjx BCH) UB<iToa€HocTb coqRHeuiB KoB^e: «Oaiio H TOa6« 
co6biTie Qepe^aeTCfl ^acTo ao aicKo^bRy pasii h t^oBepmeHflo pa»- 

4B<IH0, 04H0 H TO»Ce JHUO Be04U0KpaTH0 BBJfleTCB Ha Caesy D0A1» 

paaubiMH BMeuaMH)). aKaBra KoH^e Hcaaia^Ba canoS erpamHofi oy* 
TdBBitbi, Bdop. TpM uocdt>4BiH TjaBbi BToparo TOMa, cnb BecbMa na-^ 

JIblMU BaniBeuiflMM Bl» CJiOBaX'hy DOBTOpeBbI BTi TpeTbeirb TOH'fc.li 

<YUa40 npH6aBBTb, roBopBT'b raflBrocir, ito KoH^ie, no^BepsKeuBbifi 
^MCTBeHuouy paacTpoficTsy b 6bjt3flBiiii, 6buii nopasses-b ciiepTbiO 
cpe4H cBOBXii pa6orb, hto ero BeoROBHeBBafl pyKonBeb iroaaja Bib 
pyKu Jii04efi9 BOBce BeaBaRoiibix-b ch Dpe4MeT0M'b, T04bRo yBe40« 

SHBUlBX'b OB]b6rB, BlliCTO TOrO, qT06b] flXli BCnpaBHTb». 

B-b 1849 r. ro44aa4CRitt Apa6BcrB 4o8fl, yace BSBtcTBufi 

uiCR04bRHIIfl OpeRpaCBblliB Tpy4ailH, H84a4% €BOB «l]ac4t40Baiiiji 

ao ao4BTB4ecKoti fl 4HT6paTypHofi BCTapiB BcnaBiB wh CpeABie 
B'feRa*. B-b ooeBamesiB cBoeMi* BdBicTHbiii'ii4>paBay8CRBM'bopieB- 
TajBCTaui** Peao B^e^paiiepB* boti» hto Jifi»B Bauieji» ByacBftivB 
cRaaaTb o cosaaeaiB KoB4e: 

V 

C(^lpe3Bbl4afiHO 6oraT(bllll» BOo6pa3K6BieM'b B0CI104HBB BQ40Cta- 

TORI* aBaaifi, caubix'b nepBOH8iia4bHiaxi>9 oB-b BbuynbiBaerb cotbh 
4aiiHbix'b, co^iBBJieT'b TUGBMB 6bi4efi, Bcer4a aaBlpsB sBrareja, 
sTO oB-b T01B0 C4t4ye'rb Apa6cRBirb TeRCTaii'b. 

BoBiiimie HCTopRRii, ub mbjo bb no4oaptBaii bi> uemi odiiaB- 
mBRa, BecbMa 4o6po4yniBO oepenucbiBajB bch> ary 40HCb; Bflor4a 
OHH 4aB€e ocTBBJaJB ao3a4B cBoero pyR0B04BTe4ii, coo6paBcaii ero 

SbMyMKH Cb B3BtCTiaMB •laTBBCRBX'b B HcBaHCRBXli aBTOpOB'b, 

ROTopbixi* OHB TBRSKe HCRamaaB. 

y4BBaTe4bBoe 4i^io! OpieHTajRCTfai caiibie no<iTeBBbie fibUR 
ao44tTbi B cjii^AOBaAE dTOMy 6jiy4ameMy orsH). 

Ubao opBaHaTbCB, ito Koa4e BpBHBj'b Bct Mttpbi, qTo6bi ae- 

^b3A 6bU0 4erR0 OTRpblTb o6MaHl> : npHRpbiaaeTCfl RaRBBTb-TO AO- 

6po4ya]ieM'b. Bi> CB0eiii> Bpe4BC40BiB ouii yRaabiBaeTii aa pyKo- 
DHCB, ROTopbiMB ao4b30Ba4ca : BO B dTB aoRaaaain ero ae to^bu; 
TaR% aaap. oa-b robopaTii, no 44a HCTopia Ma4bixx 4BBacTiS 
XI B. oax npeBMyuxecTBeaao noJbaoBajca Hdaii - EaaiKoaajioMii. 
Bbi M a, Mbi aaaeMb ^to coqaueaie. 1160 oao xpaaaTca Bi 6~Ki 
BocToqaaro OSmecTsa; aaaeMi^ raRHce, hto :>toti> 6iorpa«B«iecRiii 



UABaUAXlf BL MA^OH A3in, Bl> A^PBR'B il h'h HCnAHlH. 239 

caoBJipk cojepHCttTb B'b ceSt nOdieaiibiJi cwbAbmn aar MCTopiH OHCb*- 
MemiocTB, 4^fl RCTopiH ace nojiBTHsecKofi OHh ao4Tii Boece ue 
HUteTii uHKaKoro 3Ha«ieui}i}»« 

BoTi> oT3birb ^03H o Paaarocb : 

«Ho co4HveHi« Kou4e bi* aru nocjii4Hie ro4bi Be 6hiso aim 
aaMtaeuo co4HB« r. FaiiHroea? dntofiw yneHbiA ,- kok^ ceudibmeUt- 
cmtjfstn^ mo nfedueuaeie, meMm npedcmaeumh KpumuHecKyto Hemo" 
pm Hcn4iHCHUX6 Apa6oei^^. 

Ha 3TOTb BODpoci>, He BX04H Bi> pasSopi* RHHrn FaaHroca, 
oTBiwio 04^4. CdioaaMB rpa<»a Cupsypa. Do nou) npe4MeTy n 
Morb 6bi cKaaaTb ropa34o 6oA/ke^ vfeii'b to nosBOjaerb oMCbiio. 
Borb 4TO ^BTaeiTb bii RaaHk Hisloire des Mores JMladajares et des 
Bioriaques (t. lilt p. 334): aLes doeuoieDa arabes, je veux dire 
qae I'oo peol consulter facilement lorsque Ton n'esl pas vers6 dans 
ies langaes orientales, se redaisent a uo petit ooaibre. J'ai suivi 
g^o^rakment THisloire de la domioatioa des Arabes eo Espagne, 
|Mir Conde* ouvrage ioacbevi, mais le plus eopteux^ et i tout prendre 
le mieux digeri de toux ceux^ qui ont iti faiu mr U mime plan. Les 
extraits doones parCasiri, et la traduction pabliie parM. GayangoSt 
m'ont fonrni le moyen de eontrdUr quelquefois Conde». fl cjbima.i'^, 
■rro r. dla«i4»yaHTe AjRanTapa, to^bo TasBce HeaaaRaMbiii cb asbi- 
KOM-b Apa6cRaM'B , Cdri}40BaJ^b Tofi ace iieT04t vh CBoeii HcTopia 
rpaHa4M. CAfbdoeameAhHO Knuia t. FaimfBoa m MMfbHuaa KKum 
KoHde. Hatconet^ ecmt t^njuae nepiodbi^ o KomapbixB eoHUHeme ^m- 
fdi^il^icoa cooSui^umn eemdnmn emydiudH u noeepxHoemnbiH^. 



1. BoTfc noAJRHBUJi cjoM raflBTOca: «l fi&ed upon Al^Makkari't text as being 
the only one, to my knowledge, presenting a continuous history of the conquests 
and settlements of the Mohammedans in Spain, and Ihus offering a vast field for such 
illustratfons and additions from other historians as I pioposed to collect, so as to 
form a sort of «Critical hlstoiy of the Spanish Arabsn. Ilo aoeMy &ia6oMy paayntalKs 
■ail npejiHCJoaia raauroca aotce ue cat4yerb, «rro<Su vh aacToauieii'b T|^y4l> caoeiii. 
oai yace bha^ji. RpiiTBqecKyn acropin. HaaoHem* h bi> aarjasiH ero coHHaeHia ae 
anaaxb Toro ropAaro nparaaaaia, aoropoe, icaxeTca, a'bcaojbao nocntmao npanncaj-b 
^osv raaarocy Bonb QOJBoe aarjaaie: aThe History of the Mahommedan Dynasties 
In SpaiiiM. by Ahmed lbn*]|lobammed Al-Makkarl^ traoslated from the ceples in the 
library of the British Museum, and illustrated with eritieai notes on the history, 
geography, and antiquities of Spain, by Pascual de GayangOH, Member of the Orieii- 
Ul trasslation Committee, and late professor of Arabic in the Athenaeum of Madrid. 
In two Tolumes. MDCCCXL— III. io-fol. 



240 B. a. 4AMAHCKAr6, 

fl ci> HaMtpeiiieMi* npHBej'i> cjoea ^03h xa^ Toro, HTo6bi jars 
nounTb «iHTaTejio, nonemy n c^iRTaio uxb u'fecKiMbRo pliSKiiMH b 
4aHce He coBcfeifb cRpaBe44nBbiMii. Eimh 6bi Tpy4'b Paanrocui 

CTOaJ'b Ha 04H0& 40CKt CbKHHrOlO K0H4e« KaKIt TO C4%4yeTl> HS'B 

Cjiobi> 4o3h: ale livre de M. de Gayangos n'a done pas remplnc^ 
celui de Goode)! — to aaMfiM-b 4o3h npaMo He Bbipaao^b aroro b 
6e33Ka40CTuo ne o6jH<iHXb FaaHroca, npHJuaw HacjubdHUxa Konde^ 
KOToparo ouT> RasHHrb TaRii HeMMJocep^Ho, a e4Ba jm ooiiTb bo 
BceMTi cnpaBe44RBo b ue ci> B3JHmHBM'b yBje<ieHieM% ^ A^n Roro 
MoryT-b 6biTb 40Ra3aTejibBb] cjiobb rp»»a CnpRypa? fl ne HM'LrB 
c^ynaa BH4l>Tb ero coiBBeaiii, bti ^cmii Bapo"ieMi> hr Ma40 iie pac- 
RaMBaiocb. 04uaR0 noaao^K) ceSfk aaa-feTRTb, hto npRBe4euHaro 
H3'b Hero atcta 40B0JbH0 aah TOro, <iTo6bi yTBep3K4aTb 6e3oiDR- 
60HH0, MTo dTOTi* DHcaTejb dRmeHi* aosTH BCflKaro yneaaro o6pa- 
aoBania, apy4Biiieio o6ja4aeTi> 4»ejbeTOHaoio. Eojh 6bi rpa^Mw 
CnpRypi* BHRBiaTeJbHo npo^iewi'B FaaHroca, to oRonsarejibHO 6bi 

ydli4B4Cfl, STO COHRHeBie KoH4e HCnOJIHeHO BCBRRXlk HeJ'fenBII'b H 

oco6eHuaro BUHMaaia ae aac^ysKRaaerb. Ho CapRyp'B Raara Faaa- 
roca He fl3yHaj'b, npooycTR^'b 4a2Ke ero upe4BCJ0Bie, r4'b aTorib 
yqeBbiii nojoaKRte^bHo BbicRaaaj'b Maiaie o KoH4e a no4TBep4R4i* 
ero 40Ka3aT04bcTBaMH. Orroro-To oH'b a cRa3aj'bnpocoqRH.KoH4e: 
ooiivrage ioacbeve, mais le plus copiebx, et a toot prendre lemieux 
digere de tous ccux qui 0Dt.6t^ faits sur le mftaie plan». — rpa^t^-b 
CapRyp'b Djoxo ana^'b ae To^bRo raaaroca, ao u caHorp KoH4e9 
anane 6bi ohi* aaatTBJ'b, hto Tpa noc4i4aifl rjasbi BTopoil hbctb 
n*'4TH 6yKBa4bHo noBTopeHbi bii TpeTbefi. FpacMi npo4o.iacaerb: 
aLes extrails donnes par Casiri , et la traduction publi^e par M. 
Gayangos, m*out fourni le moyen de conirdler quelquefots Conde». 
yHce 04H0 o4eBB4uo <i>ejbeTOHHoe nanpaB^eaie rpa^Mi CapRypa 40- 
RaabiaaeTi) aaMib, hto ohi> a ae 4yMa4'b a ae aorb no4yiiaTb o 
RaKOM'b aH6)'4b ROHTpoj'b, o RaRofi-aH6o aoB-fepRib; cjobb: crle 
moyco de contrdler quelquefois» — ctoatii y aero 4Ja 04Hoii 



1. no MoeMy RpattueHy paayirbniio, cjosa raaoroca o Kooiie 40CTaT04nu /ui» 
Toro, <iTo6bi Be BlipHTb ero RBHrb. Boj'bSBH b npeauetpeHeBBafl cneprb KoBiie, ko- 
Topuii OTM'bTRj'b TaflBrocfc m o voTopbii-b yMojHajii 4o3B, y4oii.ieTB(»|)MTeJbBo o6'b- 
BCBBioT-b Kc% Bejt^nniibi ero coHBBeniB, a TaKwe A'bjaioT'b h3jbuibmmh p'fcaKU h me- 
rToi:ifl 8ana4KH iia iipaBCTBeBiiutt ero xapaKrep'b. 



P XJABAHAX-b Bli MAJOH A3IH, BX A4»PflR'B H Bl> HCnABIH. 241 

4»pa3bi. CapaBe^wiBBO JH 3aKJio«iaTb y3i> ero CyioBi>, ito coqaueHie 
PaflHroca ae aaMiaHJO coHRMeeiA KoH4e — Lc livre de M. de Ga- 
yaiigos o*a doDC pas remplac^ celui de Conde.' Kimra KoH^e ue 
roAua BH Ha hto^ Toro Hce u ao4yMaTb He^bsa o RiiHr'6 Faauroca. 
MaKoiieui> B cawh J^ozn HHKorAa He Biffc jii b ubicjB o tomi>, ito- 
6hi raaiiroca ypaBHaTb Ch KoB^e. Obt» TOJbRo yBjeRca nojeMu- 
HecKHMb TOBOMi> H cKasaji* fioj'&e, Hf>Mi> ^yMa^ii) n hof'b cRaaarb. 
TaRi» BC4i4T> 3a bthmi* nocaliniHbiii'b 3aRji04euieM'fc Jlom ue npe- 
MHByji> QpuoaBBTb B'fccROJbRO CMarqBTeJbBbixi> cjoB'b: (cLe livre 
de M. de Gayangos n'a done pas remplace celui de Conde. Aussi y 
a^t^il des piriodes entiere$ sur lesquelles le livre anglais ne donne que 
des renseignements maigres el vaguesm. Gj'b^OBaTe^bBa a so nuiBiu 
U|o3B coHHBeHie FaflHroca BOBce aaqero He BiffeeT-b o6uiaro cb 
KBBroiO KoH4e. HaROHeai) Vh CBoeMi> coHBaenia ^oaa He paab 
ccuuaeTCA ua Raary TaaHroca a ae pasx nodbayercfi ero npHMl)- 
sauianH a DpuwioH{eHi»MB. npaB4a ohi> ccbuaerca a ua KoB4e 
lUB jysuie npHB04Brb Micra H3i«^ero RHara, ao Bt4b TojbRo aau 
Toro, HTo6bi noRaaaxb, RaRX Bce y aero acROBepKaHO a nepeana- 
HeHO. ;lo3B ae pas'b yRaauBaetb aa apoMaxa a ouiiiSrh I'aiiHroca, 
uo cb He40CTaTRaMB KoB4e y Haxb H'iiT'b aanero o6iiiaro. Ha- 
npQTHBx Toro caMbia oaia6Ka Tanaroca o6jiaqaiOTx ero 4o6po-< 
coB^THocTb; Bit CBOBXi* BpanhHaaiaxx oh'b aBor4a npoTHBO- 
ptsarb CBOBM'b -#Ke cjoBaM'b'B'b TeRcrb, oTToro, "ito aeBipao qa- 
Ta^ii RaKoe-flB6y4b Apa6cRoe cjobo. 

HflTaii Tpy4'b raflaroca , no acTaai; acnojaaeiBbca^aeBOJb- 
HUMii yBaaceaieM'b R-b aTony no^TeaBOMy yqeaoMy. C'b apeBOc- 
xo4BbiMa B3CJ'k40BaaiflMH 4o3a A oaaaROMajca yace wh nocjf>4- 
ctbIh: He6.iaronpiATabi& ero oTdbiBx oPaaaroci;^ npa BceMx Moemx 
rjy6oROM'b yaaaKeaia ri> yqeHbiMX aacjiyraarb a 4apoBaHiaM'b ^03a, 
He Morb «€Tpe6aTb a 4a»ce coaepnieaBo nomaTayTb yBaafeaia 
Moero R-b yneaoMy nepeB044aRy a ROMearaTopy ajb-Maaapa. Hh« 
Taa raaaroca, bu bb aa Maayry He aaduBaeTe, qro nopa aacji'ib- 
40BaHifi Bii HcTopia MycyabnaHCRofi Hcuaaia To^bRo «ito uacTy- 
naerb. Ohx 6e3npecTaaB0 BaMi> OTRpbisaerx a-b npe4Merfc hobua 

CTOpOBbI, BaB04HTb BaCb BB HOBbie Bonpocbi« BHRor4a He CRpblBaa 

Tpy4H0CTa ax-b paap'ibnieBifl. He aaaio, rbrx 4^fl 4pyrax'b9 a no 
Mat Bce aro npaaaaRa, o6ja«iaioaue yneaaro 4o6pocoBi>cTaaro, a3- 

yq. 3An. — cji. 16 



242 B. n. JAMAHCRArO, 

c.rfe40BaTejii ^ijLHaro. Bo BCflKOiii> Tpy^'fe* t6mi> 6oxhe, bx ra- 
KOMi> o6uiHpiioM'b, KaRTi coHUHeHie raAuroca h do npe^Mery CTO^b 
iioBOMy II Majopa3pa(5oTaHUOMy, npoMaxH n oaiii6RH BeH36tHCHbi, 
J[-/ifl MeHH Hce, RaR'F uecDcm'a^HCTa po arofi qacru, Beaiorjo aeno- 
Cwiy»{HTb 6jaroDpiflTHb]Mi> CBii4tTeJbCTBOMi>BT>nojb3y RUHrii Faflu- 
roca TO o6cTOflTejibCTBo, <ito en HxeHie nepaait QpBB04ii^0Meuii ri> 
TARBAfb coo6pa3KeuiflMi> , aaRaroHeaiaifb B BaBe4eBiHMi>, ROTopbiA 
coBepaieBBO noTOiii> onpaB4ajBCb, Ror4a ■iBTaj'b b coHBBeBie^oaii. 
TaR-b Hanp. MHTan PanBroca, a nocTeoeuBO npflX04BJ'b Rb tomj 
Tnep4pMy y6ii}K4tiHii0 , «ito bi* BacTo^uiee Bpena RpafiBe Heo6xa- 

4BM0 H34aBio Apa6cRHX'B TeRCTOBl> B BCTO^IBBROBX. ^03B TRC ITh 

cBoeM-b npe^Bc^oBiB raRb Haine4i> Hy9KBbiMi> BbipaaBTbcA o co- 
BpeMeuiioiiii noJonceBia BCTopia Apa^oBi* BbHctianiB: aL'bistoire 
de I'Espagne au moyen Age est krefaire. Je crois que Ton fera bien 
d'abandonntM' la route suivie jusqu'a present. Au lieu de [aire de 
I'histoire, on fera niieux peut £tre d*^tudier et de publier d'abord 
les textesM. 

III. n^i 6biTuocTb C^aB^H'b B^ HcoaBiB yme ue pasb yRa- 
SbiBajB ysertbie* RaR-b Banp. IDapMya, PeBo, Aiii6axi», (Gescb. d. 
Oinmajad.), raMMepi> (Gemaldesaal), [IIe<t»epi>, FaflBrocb h ^o3H. 
y uacx 4'fcjia^M yRadaaie Ba sto it. GaBeJbeBii (Myx. HyMBaii.) a 
KyuHR-b (Ber. d. scbw. Rods.). 

nocjiii B34auifl Bi> cB'brb nepeR04a aJb-MaRapB, cBi4i;Biri o 
CiaBfluaxii Kh HcuauiH BaRonn^iocb Becbma 4ocTaTo<iRoe ROjiu<ie- 
CTBO B nfliuytuifi dTB cTpoRB HOwiaraji», qro G^aBflBBcry ne o6pa- 
maTb Ba brxi^ BBBMaai^ 6biwio 6bi aenpocTBTejibBO. ITpBCTyiiaA 

R-b B3.l03KeHiK) BCtxi> BSBtCTBhlXX Mat 4aBablX'b O GdaBflBaxit 

BTi Hcaaaiu bi> nepio4'b MycyjbMaacRifi, npeffC4e Bcero cqara^ 
4o.iroMi* saH'feTflTb, iTo rjaBatSme a 4a3Ke acRjioqaTejbao apa 
ceM'b pyR0B04CTB0Bajicii n cosMaeHieMii ajb-MaRapa b-b DepeB04'fc 
Faflaroca, ero DpHiutHaai^MB a 4onojBeBifiMB , a Taance a 830^^6- 
40BaBiflMB /Xo3a. EbiJio 6bi cjainR0Mi> uecBoeBpeueaBO TOjROBdTb 
Teoepb o saaqeaia GjaBABCRoft cxaxia bi> Mycy^bMaacRofi If caaaia, 
CTeaeaa ysacria GjaBaai) Bi>lIcDaBo-Apa6cRofi o6pa30BaaaocTa. 
TlpeHC4e aa40 co6p<iTb rbr-b Moacao 6o4'ike 4BHBbiX'b, onacTBTb ax's 
a pa3pa6oTaTb RpaTBHecRa , a noTOifb ysae apaBBMaTbcn aa ptme- 



CJADflHAXl> Bl» MAJOll A31M, Bl) A<I»PBK'B B BT> HGDAHIH. 243 

Hie Bonpoca -^ ito aMeoHo sHecjii GjaBflue bi> o6pa30BaHBOCTb 
Apa6cRjio? Boopoca BecbMa BancHaro b RanceTCfl Befl36i»cHaro, b6o 
CjaBflHe, uanp. bi* MycyjbMaiicKOB HcnaHiB orpajB BecbMa Be 
ue3ua«iuTejbHyio pojb, bi» qeMi>, npB Bcefi HbiBtuiBefi oepa3pa6o- 

TaailOCTB BCTO^BBROBlk, .flOJIO»CMTewlbBO y40CT0B'bpai0TT» flacb B 

H3BtcTBbie Baui> c^aKTb] B MB^aia TaKBXi>.y<ieBb]xi>, RasoBbi, Hanp. 
raaarocii b 4o3b. 

ETpa BdJibuceaiB uacTOflmBX'b CBoax-b CB'ib4'I»Hiii 061* stom^ 
ope^MeTi aBTopa pyR0B04BJ0 CRpomioe sucjiaflie B036y4BTb no- 
npocb B Bbi36aTb R'b ero ptnieaiio 4pyrBXT) 6ojte ero 40CToii- 
Bbixi> 4i>flTe.AeH. EbiTb MOHceTi> npa Bceu-b cBoeMi» /Kejauia ocra- 
BHTbCfl opocTbiM'b Qepe4aTqHR0Mi> a»aKTOB'b, no Be3Ba»ifo cBoeMy 
nabiRa Apa6cRaro, obi> aerRo BBe4eui> obi ji> Bb atRoropbia objb6- 
RB B norp'ibuiaocTB • cjaioROM-L naoro 40Bl>pflfl, aanp. AarjificRo- 
My nepeB04HBRy a^b-MaRapH. Ohi> y6'ltHC4eB'b bt* TOHce BpeMa, 

<ITO BCHROfi GwiaBaHBCTb OXOTBO npBC0e4BflBTl» CBoSf rOJOCb Rl» 

ero ycep4BoH npocbdi, o6paiiieiiiioii r^ a^^mBM'B opieBTa^BCTaHh, 
npocbd-fe npoQiipHTb Qpe4.iaraeMbia 34'ibcb cB'J^4'l>Bia: aaiaroe bi> 
JeiUeat ■34aHie D04aBnBaro TeRcra a^b-MaKapH, ycntmao Ra« 
HceTCH npBB04BTca R-bOROHqaniio. Be3cnopao 6oJbuiyio6bi ycayry 
0Ka3aj'b aayRt tot'b b3^ BBXb, rto aepeBe.ii> 6bi aa PyccRifi aabiRi^ 
Bcb BitcTa, oTBOCfliitiaca 40 GjraBaa'b ae TOJbRo b3i> aJb-MaRapR, 
HO B R3i» TeRCTOBii, B34aBaeNbix'b Tepepb yqcBbiM-b Apa6BCT0M.i> 

1^, 'Ata6ax'b, a aa aaM-b FaMMep-h h IIIe4»ep'b, coo6iiibjb 
C4'fi4yiomia 4Ba wiK)6onbiTabia aaB'bcTia, bo nepabjx'b o tom'b, ^to 
y xa.iB<t>a K6p40BCRaro ajb-FaReiMa I (f 822 r. no P. X), bi> 
qacdt Ttjo'xpaRBTejeH 6biJ0 2 Tbica^H GjaBaab, ROTopbixi> Apa- 
6bi nasbiBajiB HiaibiMH, b6o obb ae yMl>4B roRoparb no Apa6rRB; 
BO BTi)pbixi> o TOMi), HTo A64yppaxMaai» III (f 961 r.), 4ep;Ka.ni 
jfeHC4y TtjoxpaaBTeaaMB 4 Tbicaqa GjaBaai» \ 

Ajb-MaRapa aaiero ae roBopBT'B o6i» droii GjaBBifCRoii rBap- 
4iB. BoTx ero caoaa o6t> ajb-FaReM-fe: ((Oa-b 6bux 04Ba'b^B3x 



w 

I. Affcbbach: Gesch. d. Ommajad. 8. 229. — Schafer: Gesrh. yon Spanicn. 
B. II. S. 163. — Hammer: Gemaldesaal. Ill, 68. 



244 B. H. JAMAUCRArO, 

nepBbixii rocy^apett aTofi iiBuacTiH, oKpyHCHSuiiii apecTOJi> ceoii 
DOAo6aioiiuiMi> sejifiKOJ'itnieM'b b BforymecTBo^'b. Oh-l yBe^HHiiji* 

qUCdlO MdMeJIOROBT», TBK'b HTO OHO AOXOA^AO AO 5,000 ROUHBOUbl B 

1,000 niiuHX'b. 1i6u'h^XaAAyH'h a 4pyr. roBopaT-b. hto ohii nep- 
BbiB BBeji-b npaBRJbHoe HcajoBaabe BoitCKaafb, ycTpoiiJiii doctohh- 
Bbie CRja^bi opyHCbfl b DpnnacoBi>, yMU0H»ui> npn ce6i> paooB-b, 
eBHyxoBi* B c^yHCBTe^efl; co4ep»ca^i> npB ceGli Rouubixi> t^jo- 
xpaHBTejeH, BcerAa cToaaumx'b y Boporb ero 4Bopaa, b oRpyHCB^i* 
ce6fl rBap4ieio MafttejioKOB'b, hhcjo KOTopbixi* TaK>Ke 6bMo oape- 
ji1>.ieuo. Stb uaMejiiORB HasbiBajRCb ajb-rapacb (Al- haras, the- 
guard), R no oojbmefi qacTM coctoajib h3i. xpacTiau-b r^b buo- 
cTpaimeBii. Oub aauBMajie 4Ba 6o.ibU]ie 6apaKa ci> robioiouiimii. 
AAH .ioiDa4ei'i; TUCHHa b^x URXh doctobbbo Chuia ua ROB-fe a ro- 
4ep»caja Rapaya'b aa o6oBXb 6epeiax'b piRB BDJOTb 40 4Bopua. 
DpB ajb-FaKeMii coctob.io MRoro miiioBOBi*, KOTopbie 3HaK0MB.iB 

ero Cb 06lllf*CTIR*UHhlMl> MHf>Hil^MTi , ORX CaMlt aaBBMBJlCii BC'fe- 

MB 4'fc4aMB ynpaBwieuifl, ORpyHCHBb ce6fl 6oroc40Bauii , BpanaMB 
B 4pyrHMB yneHbiMB b uoiTeBRbiMB ^K)4bMR. TaR b nepe4aji'b obi* 
CBOBMii apeeafUBRaaix rory4apcTRo MoryuiecTBeHBue b 6:iaroycTpo- 
eBBoei). (Gayang. II, 102). 

.. FaflHrOCb SKe, Bb 04IIOMI1 R31. CBOIIXI* OpRttt>MaHiH,.rOBOpRT'b 

BecbMa oOdiOiKBTejbuo o 6biTuocTB CaaBBHCRoii reapiiB y a^ib- 
FaRena I. Borb ero co6cTBeBHbifl cjoaa: aAjb-FaReAfb I b ero 
npeeMUBRB ORpyxcBJB ee6ii BejRRo.i'feBiioio rBap4ieK) (body-guard), 

COCTOBBUieK) B31» B'feCR04bRBXl> TblCAHb CjaBBUl* B Bep6epi>». 

(I, 398. Not. 30). ToHBO TaRSKe b B^b 4p}T0M'b cBoeMx npiiBiliia- 
BiB yooMBiiaeTb FaaBrocb o CliaBABCRoii rBap4iB A64^ppaxMaua 
HI. — no4o6BO PeBo, TaRHce* BOBce Be BcnonRBaii oC'h KCTopiB 
oTBomeBiii C4a^B'b ri> Apa6aM'b bI) M. A3iBy CMpin, Ao^piiR-fe, 
GuuBjiB. B BMifl nepe.i-b C06010 cBB4tTejbCTBa a4h-KapaBB, li6B'b- 
XayRBja, MBiuie Peuo, FanBrocb rii BsaliCTiio a4b-KapaBfl Bame.i-b 

By>KUblil'b DpB6aBBTb CJ t4y 1011166 : ((Bee 40Ra3bIBaeTl>, 4T0 9T0Bp0*- 

TBByecTecTRenBafl ToproB4a (t. e. pa6aMB), Becbua 6bMa pacnpo- 
CTpdBena bo 4>paHuiB, B'b cpe4Hie Bl>Ra. Bo apeaiA MBoroRpar- 
Bbixii B 4BRBxi> Ba6iroB'b BeBrepiJieBi> r 4|fyrBXi> c'feaepHbix'b Ba- 
po40B'b, OjitBBBRB, ocTasaBujieca Bi« pyRaxb 4'paBR0Bi> orupaB- 
jaeMbi 6bi4B Ha HcnaiicKyio rpauBuy b Bpo4aBa4flCb raM-b My- 



\ 



CJABflllAXl> BT> MAJiO'i A3IH, Bb A^^PHK-B B Bl HCaAUlU. 245 
CyjbMaHaMb. RaK-b TO USB'feCTHO BBl) utKOTOpblXli XpUCTiaHCKnX-b 

niicaTeiuf]. Cm. Reioaud. lovas des Sarrraz. p. 23,6. • 

rioiiaB-b B-b HcoaHliO, dTB ciBepHbie HeBOJbUBKB, KOTOpbl&l> 

Apa6cRie oBcaTeJB Ha3biBaiOTi» co6BpaTejbui*iMi> flueiieifb Ccuidr- 
jiu6a^ MHOHc. oTb CuKudd (CjdBflue — SclavouiaDs) , ywe BocDBTbi- 
BdJHCb Bii Bipt nycy^ibBiaiiCKoii b do4o6ho Aubi^apani* Bb bm* 
nepiH TypeuRofi cocTaBjajB rjaBayio rBap4iio xa^BO^OBb (prin- 
cipal body guard of the Khalifs). AdjyppaxMaii-b III, RaRi Bd- 
BtcTiio, co4ep»caji> H'fccKo.ibRo TbiCHHb (several thousands) dTBXi) 
ci>BepHhixx iiapBapoBi:, BeJURo^'ibnuo 04i>Tbix'b (magnificently ar- 
rayed). Ohb co4(*pHcajB Rapayji» bi> cro 4Roput b coup<iBO»c4ajiB 
ero Ha oxoTy n bi> BOeniibixb aKcne^Buiax'b. Mbi bhabmi^ ux'b 
ciynaiiiio pa:fbirpbiBaK)iiiHMM rjiaBnyio pojb Wh Als^axii, uycyjb- 
uaucKoii Hcnciuiu a ocuoBbiBaioiUBMii ueaaBHCBMUfl Ropo^escTBa, 
ROTopbiA ouB uepe^aioTi* CBoeuy noToiicTBy». (I, 380). 

ToHHO TdRHce yMa^«iuBaeTi> ajb-MaRapB, no RpafiuocTB B-b 
nepeB04'fc FaaHroca , o CjaBancROM'b BoiicRt ajh - Manaopa 
(f 1002 r.), Tor^a RaRi» cjoea 4o3b, bb 4onycRaioTi> B-b 9tomi. 
OTUomeHiH BB Maj'fciiuiaro coMii'ibuifl: ^'Les creatures d'Ahfnanzor, 
les capitaines des troupes slaves et ceux des troupes berberes avaient 
reussi a s'^lever au niveau de la noblesse musulmane, et, a partir 
du cinquieme siecle de TH^gire, TEspagne fut morcel^e entre une 
foule de petits 6tats et gouvcrnie par la caste noble». (Rech. I, 3). 
y CjanaHBua Hadotcu (Naja), 3a4yMaBniaro B-b 1042 r. 0B«ia4kTb 
xaJM<i>aTOMi», 6bua cboa CjaBaHCRan ^Bap4ia^ HaROHeuii h ajb- 
MaRapa roBopax-b, ^sxo xajiH<t»'b a.ib-TaReM'b II (f 976 r.), co- 
4epM«aj'b npB ce6t C.iaBHHCRyio rBap4iio^. 

Mbi 3HaeH'b, HTo CjaaaHe yqacTBOBa^B bi> cyxooyTHUxii b 

HOpCKBX-b CBjaXli Apa60BX B'b AsiB, AopHR-fe, CbUB^iIb; BB4BM1> 

1. Gayang. II, 246. II. p. XVIIl. Append. B, lluoHCRa va-b Apa6cKaro nncBTeja 
aji> VouaaAft: «....he (Njtja) was suddenly attacked by^thc Berbers. The Selavtmians 
bis gusrd being thrown into confusion by the suddenness of the attack, ran away, 

''and deserted hini}>. 

2. Roi\Aa ero nojKOB04emi FaJB^i* aoaapaTHJca no6 bAHre aeu'b na-b A^paxii, 
TO, no cjoaaMii ajb BlaKapa, «caMi» zajB^-b oBciiAaJii ero B'b B'bKOTOpoMi» paacroaBiH 

OT-b CTUJIBUU, OKpyxeilBblH CBOUMb ^BUpOHli, TJaBBUMB CBOBHB CBHOBBBKaMB B CSOeW 

CAaenncKOH) taapdieio, BopxoMi bb mojouuo Otjuzik KOBaib, Aofbto yKpaineBBui-b 
a noRpuTuzb (Sjecranieia ctTKoiov. (II, 167). 



24G R. M. ^ABIlUCKAro. 

Touepb, ^To CAy'AMAtk CaaBAHe u y Apa6oBi> bii HraiiHiif. Flpe^* 
nu^araTb Hce, ^to CMLSHHCKan teapdin b% MycyjbuaucRoii Hcna- 
iiiif cocTOH^a He ea-b CwiaBauii, ejaa jiu fioaMoaciio h ^aace ue 
Hej'fcno; 

Ecaa Boo6paH(aTb ce6'6, sto CjaBfloe npouuKaJB B-b Hcnauiio 
e4HiicTBeHuo H T04bK0 ^fepesi) nepBueii, Bb KanecTBt ueBo^bUH- 
KOBii, BoeHBonjtHHbixi>, padoBx, eBuyxoB'b, to Kone^iHo npnAeTcii 
yTBep»C4axb ptiUBTejbHO, hto ara CaaBaucKaii rBap4ia cocTOflja 

He ii3'b C^aBAHl). 

Pa6bi H Boeuuonjtuubie , o KOT(>|)bi%i> roBoparii aab-Kapasa 
n 4p., uona4a4H B-b Hcaauiio B3ypo40BaHHbie. 9th, o6biKHOBenno 
C4a6bie, Ma404yuiHbie h TpycjHBue 4i04u soace ue ro4H4HCb 44h 
rlaoxpaHHTejefi, iojIu TOjbRo bii rapeMbi. IIoTOMy-To He MOH^eTb 
ue QORaaaTbCfl Hi^cKo^bRo cTpaHHbiM'b MuiHie FaHHroca, nojaraio- 
uiaro, 4T0 daBBHCRafl rBap4ia, ROTopoio' oKpy Hcaju ce6a Henaa* 
CKie xa4H<t>bi» no4o6n6 Bctub B0CT04HbiM'b 4ecnoTaM'b, uuKor4a 
noMTH He o6xo4HBmBMca Cezi* MpKeaeMHon noMomu, ua^Hpajiacb 
na'b dTBXi> uecHacTHbixi> 'H3ypo4oBaHHb]X'b C4aBaH^, n(nia4aBinBX'b 
Bi> HcnaHiio, Hsi* pyKL <I>paHKOBb, 4epe3b DHpHHeH, Ha4tK)Cb, 
HMTaTeja Be nopaaaT'b cJii1>40CTiio npe4no.io«Keuie o tomt, 4to xa- 

4H<t»bl CTapa4HCb CodupaTb CBOIO rBap4iK) n31> 4K)4efi RpfiHKBXX, 

CMjbUbixi», 34opoBbixi>. Dx4ero 3Ke uasbiBajacb ona CjaBBucRoio? 
He 3HaMBrb jh 34'fccb Cuaefwunn Boo6uie 6i4aro 4e40Bt>Ra bi> npo- 
TMByno40HCuocTb Bep6epaMi>9 nax ROTopbix-b TOHce cocTaBja.iacb 
rBap4ia xa4u<i»oBi>?\ 

KaR-b, capomy^ Ba40 noHHMaTb c4obo C^a6>iKUM6 Bib 40ine4ineH'b 
40 Hacik 4paroa'fcHHOM'b HsatcTiB od-b HCTopHR-fc ra6H6i, Haancaii- 
tneMii coHRHenie: crflcubifl h no6i>40HOCBbifl 40Ka3aT^4bCTBa npoTHBi» . 
T'ikX'bt RoTopbie 0TpHaai0Ti> npeBocxo4Hbi>i RanecTBa CjaBAH-bv, 
coHBBenie, Vi-h ROTopoM'b OH-B coo6uiaeTi> BcaRaro po4a jio6onbiT- 

Hbia D04po6HOCTH , HCTOpiK) H Hap04Hbia aiCUH (h CTHXh) CjB* 

BBHiiA. flaMii raanrocb Hep'bmHjcfl noHHnaTb 34'ikcb CA,CnKajm6a 
B-bCMbicali HapnaaTejbHOM'b, co6npaTe4bHOM'b. OH-bnepeseji TaRi*: 
((Clear proofs and victorious argumeots (in favour) of the excel- 
lences of the Sclavonic racen. A'fciicTBnTejbHO uoHHMaTb 34tiCb cj. 



1 Gharmoy: Relat. de Hassoudy, p. 307, 376. 



CJABAIIAX-L B'b llA40fi A31B, Bl> A<l>PaK'fi U Bl> HCUAUIU. 247 

CuaHHHe Ullage, 4%M7> Bb cMbicji oco6aro n^eueuu, 6mao 6bj ue- 
.liuio. Bi> TaROMi> C4y4a1i He 40Ra3b]BaeTi> jb aB^eeie ra6H6a to, 

MTO CaaBflHe He TOJbRo| MOriH, ho B 40J3KHbI 6bUH OpOHHKaTb B'b 

Hcnauiio ne lepeab DiipHHeH TojbRo, He e4HucT6euHo udrh pyK7> 
4>paHR0Bi>, B3ypo4ol}auHbie? 

Kto SHaerb, 4T0 MCTHHa uaB6oj'ke yra^biBaercfl npocTbiM'b 
DouBMauieui), CMymaeTca ace h ycR04b3aeTi>, Kor4a uaHHuaiOT'b mj- 

4pHTb H XBTpHTb, T0T1> KOHe<lHO ICOr.iaCBTCfl CT> HaHH , RTO BeCbUa 

onacuo TepiiTbCH bi> D04o6Hbix'b npe4iio«ioHceHi}iX'b, Rai|pBbi uanp. 
€^^4. : daBAHCRaa r6ap4iA ecTb ob^an rBap4ia, bi* 0TjiH4iii oti> 
HepHoo — Bep6epcRbi]; ona cocTOflja n3i> ao6t»c4eHHbiX'L Ty3eM- 
ueBi>, KoTopbixTi 6biTb MosKeTb xajMObi HcoaHCKie, no4o6Ho eyj- 
TaHauT) TypeuRBMi), 6paJH 4tTbMH h pocniiTajiii vidrh uii\i> »Hbi- 
Hapi}. Ho B't>4b 3T0 Bce 4ora4KH! Co Bci>Mi> arHMi> Raac4bid ^erKO 
6b] eme corjacBJicfl, ecjH 6ui He SHa^ii HUMero o6b oTBomeHiHXb 
diaBHHb Rii ApadaM-b B'b M. Aain, CnpiB, A^ppuK-fe, Chuhjim, ro- 
Topbifl, RaRi» HH, Majo euie renepb B3BtcTUbi« caMu co6oio, 04UdK0, 
HaB04HT'b ua Bonpuci> — He 6biBaviH win CjaBHiie vi Bb Mycy^ib- 
HancKoii HcoaHiB , h TaMi> ue nojbSOBaaiicb jn ouh ii3BtcTHbiMi» 
3Ha>ieBieMi>? HecoMHtuHbia CBH4'kTe4bCTBa o ToproBhixi* h Me9K4y- 
uapo4Hhix'b cHomeHiiixi) Gja0flHi> ci> Apa6aAiB bt> McnaHiH hosbo- 
jiatoTT* ptuiBTewibHO uacraBBaTb na dTOMi> Bonpocb. KaKib ii cb 
qero 6bi bi> caMoatb 4'fe«ti>, saBaaaaiicb h npoHcxo4H4H B'b X b. no- 
4o6nbifl CHomeHia, eciu 6bi 3Th C^aBflHe ne Baxo4B.iH B-bHcuauiM 
CBOBXi) e4nHoa.ieMeHuuROB'b , coaHaBaBuiHXb cBoe opoHcxinK^e- 

Hie, CBOH) Hap04H0CTb, H Bl> C«l'fe4CTBie TOrO HOpOBHBUIHX-b BM1>9 

c^yHCHBumx-b hmI) nocpe4HHRaMH cb Apa6aMB? H BOTit 4paro- 
atHHoe HSB^CTie q6i> HcropHR'ib FadHdli npAHO h hcho ynnabi- 
Baiomee uaMit na to, 4To apeano-ioHCHTb Mbi 40.ivKHbi ChiAii, ot- 
npaBH^BHiHCb OT-b coBepiueHHo nocTopoiiBiixi> 4aHHMXi) H neaaBH- 
CBiibixi> coo6pa»ceHifi. — H sorb cBH4l>TejbCTBa <» CjaBiiHrKoit 
iBap4iu. 

^« 04HHi> H3'b 3aM'feHaTe.ibii'i;iiu]iix'b ro(*y4^peii 40Ma OMMafl- 
4081., xajH^*!. A64yppaxMaH'b III (f 961 r.), nocTpoH^b bt, Kojp- 
40B'I> 3HaMeiuiTbifi 4nopeu'b, uSBtcTHbiii no4'b n»ieHeMi> Aa-Satfd^ 

0TJIH«iaBUIUiC8 Ueo6b]KHOBetJHblMtl CoraiCTBaMM k BeJHRO^Ii- 



248 R. (i. JAHAUCRAFO, 

nieMb'. A.ib-MaKapa TaKi> aaKjiiosaerb ero oaHcauie, cocTaejieiiHoe 

lia OCIiOBaHiu COBpeMeUUblXX CBH4'itTeJbCT6k. «Mbl 6bl C^MlUKOIfb 

npoTAHyjH paacKaai) iiaui'b, ecjiu 6bi aaxoT'fa.iy nepeMUCJHTb Bci Kpa- 
coTbi, KaKi> apupoAUbifl, HaRi> u HCKyccTBeHHbia^ aafcifOHaouiiflCH 
wh Aa-Sarpt: 6i>icTpbie py^bii, opoapaqubia B04bi, opeRparHbia 
CTpoeuifl 4^a noMi>meHifl BHyipeiiBeH crpaHcn, nbiiiiHbie 4Bopiibi 
44H npie&ia BbicinQxi> rocy4apCTBeuHbixi> caiioBHUKO^, MHOMre- 
cmeo cojidanib^ ncuHceMy eenyxo&b u pa6oe6 etfbXh nat^iU u ecrtxb uctio- 
efbdaHiU |of all oatioos and religions), nbimuo pa304tTbix'i> b*^ 
uiejROBbiX'b a DapMeBMX'b DjiaTi>HXi>, B3a4i> H Bnep<*4'b paaryjiB- 
BaEOUiHX'b DO lUBpoKHui) yjuii^Mi* (Aa-Sarpu); fojiibi cy4eii« Ra- 
th6obi>, 6orocJOBOBi> a cTaxoTBopuea-b, Ba»CHo apoxaHCRBaBoinx* 
, ca DO BejHRojtnHbiHX aajaM-b, o6iniipHbjii'L cibHAMi* h orpoMHhiM'b 
4BopaM'B 4Dopuia. Hucio (My»€HTejefi MysKecnaro no^a apcicTapa- 

JlOCb 40 TpHUa4IJiaTU TblCaHb CeMH COTb DflTM4i*CaTH, ROTOpMlTb 

c»ce4neBuo oToycKajocb Maca, ucRjio<iHTe^bHO U3i> abhu pbi6bi9 
TpMBa4UaTb Tbicfl4b <i»yuTOBi>; qHCJO pa3Hbixi> aceHmaHX, cocTav- 
jaBOiaxx rapeM'b xaaB<s>a Bjib c^yMcaBiDaxx bx bcmx, 40X04HJO 
40 mecTB TbiCA«ib TpBCTB copoRa. C^iaBBucRaxx oaHcefi B 68- 
, uyxoBX (the SclavoaiaD pages and eunucbs), 6buo rpa Tbicaia 
TpBcra naTb4ecaTi», a no 4pyrniii> -^ Tpa Tbica^B rpacTa soceii* 
4ecfl'rb ceiib; e}KC4HeBiio aMx uiwio TpnHa4iiaTb Tbicaqb oyHTOBX, 
Dpaqeux oauu Dojy^aja 4ecaTb, 4pyrie MeBbmey coo6pa3HO ci> 
CBOHMi* aBanieMii a MicTOMx^ Ryp'b, RypooaTORx b BcsRaro po4a 
4B4Bapbi6bi; ecTb BaRoaeux Dacareja, ROTopue HacsaTbiBaK)'rK 
CjaBaucRBXii c4y»cBTejefi, HcaBniaxx bo 4Bopui bjb bb^ ero, 40 
inecTB Tbicasb BocbHB4ecaTa ceuBD. (I, 238). 

FaaBrocx 6i> DpaMt><iauiii cBoeMX roBopan: «Moa flcaaBCRaji 
pyRODBCb Hac«iHTbiBaeTi) ax-b 40 4B'feBa4uaTa TbiCHqbv. (I, 503« 
Not. 21). BnpoqeM-bt oneub MOHcer-b 6biTb, ito Doeji'b4Bee aa- 
Btcrie DpeyBe^aaieao. 34'ibcb a^ib-MaRapa CjaaaBCRBX'b cayaca- 
Tcjiefi Bbui^^aerb aax o6aie& Maccbi c^ysKnTejefi, Roaxx 6biwio 1 3 
Tbicaib; uepBbie 6bi4n oTjanaeBibi ne TOJbRO OTh npoiax'b uy- 

1. Cm. nuApo6uoe ero oimcaHie y Al-Hakkari, 1, 232, 240. Ca. Tasxe savb^ia- 
TeJibHoe cosHiieeie: Caveda (Don Jos6...) Gesch. der Baukuust in Spanien. Ana d. 
Span, iibers. von P. Beyse, berausgegeben ton Franz Kugler. Hit lUnstrationen. 
Siullgan. 1858. Ss. 08-«10l. . 



O CAABHUAlL'h BX MAJOti A31M, B% AibPHK-B H Bl» HCQAHIM. 249 

sKBTejefi, uo H Me»<4y C06010: yHUXx cymecTBOBa.ia cboa iepapxiA, 
uHuia lie y Bctx'b 6hija 04HHaR0Bafl, OAUBMb uuo meubme, ^py*- 
rHii'i> 6(Ubme — according to tbeir rank ancj station. 

BpeMfl A64yppaxMaHa HI, jiu6onhiTHo 4111 CjiaBUHHCTaao Toaiy 
CiaBfiHCKOMy DOcoJbCTBy, cB'b4tuifl o KOTopuMi> coo6meubi uaMH 
Bbime. * 

Do cMepTH ero bi>'961 r., ero npeeMHHKx, ajib-FaKeux li 
TOTsacb Me paaocjajix MaHH<t>ecTbi no o6jacTflM'b, cb odxasjie- 
uif^Mx o cBoeMi> BCTyn.ieniu h ci> npHSBaiiieMb napo^a Kh'hpHCflrfc. 

aBli TOTB HCe 4eHb, FOBOpHTli a^b-MaKapH, Oirb 06paTH.11> BHHMa- 

HJe ua yapaBjeHie h na ycHjenie CBoeii BjacTM, o6o3pi>Baji> 4Bop- 
n.bi, BoiicKa. Ciasfliie, cjiy^cHBinie bo 4BopiJit (the Sclavonians of 
the palace), npiicflrHyjii cMy nepBbie: cua^iaja 4BopuoBbie eBnyxH, 
KaKx Hanp. ^nca^apb, cMorpnTedb RouiomeHb h rap4epo6a (master 
of the horse and of the royal robes), TaKi> 11 4pyrie npfi4BopHbie 
MMiiOBiiHKii Be^AHRHX'b xajH4>0Bi>; Bct OHH npBCflruyjii 3a Bcfexx 
CuHBHH-b, Haxo4iiBinMXca no4'b hxx ua^ajoMi>; 9aTiMi> cj'b40Bajiii 
ociajibBbie npH4BopHbie >iBiiOBHiiKB , cjyrB, MycKoddoMbi b npOH. 
(IL 156). 

Kor4a Bce bo 4Bopui} npBoiruy^o xa.iH<i»y aJb-FaKeMy, to no 
ero npflKaaaniio, rjaBUhiS BMSiipb /l9ka4>api>-(16Hi>-OTMaHTi OTopa- 
RH.ica Rx ero 6paTy Ady-Mepaaey, 3BaTb ero npncflraxb bo iiBO- 
peax; TaRHce 6biJ0 nociaoo b aa 4pyrBM'b 6paT0MT> xajn^a. Bo 
4Bopu'h A3-3arpa TopncecTBeaiio coBepmajiacb TBRafl npnc^ra: 

aB'bdaJ'fe, r4'fccB4^wii> xa4B<i»'b, uaHBHaa ot^b Tpona B404bnpa- 
BOH B 4i)Boii en cT^Hbi cioravi BejiBRie 4BopaoBbie CBnyxB. Bcb 
ouu fSbMB Bi> 6f>4hixi> TyHBRaxi* fi BOopy»ceHbi Me<iaMB. 3a hbmh 
vh 4Ba pfl4a Ha Teppacib cboa^b cjyrB cBHyxB, bi> RojbHyrt b cx 
Me«iaMB. Ha cTyneHHXx noMiimaJBCb cBuyxB rBap4iB (?) (eunuchs 
of the guard), cb RonbiiMB bi> pyRaxx, b CjaBflHCKie esuyxB, BC'b 
Bi> 6'bjoM'b B BoopyHceHHbie MeqaMB. 3a hbmb c«ii40BawiB 4pyrie 
C4aBflBGRie eBHyxB UBauiaro pa3pfl4a; 4a4'fee rBap4eficRie crptjRB 
cii jyKaMB B RojHanaMB. 11044^ CjaB^ncRBXi} cBHyxoBX ctoajb 
Mepubie pa6bi (black slaves), BejBROjioiio 04iTbie, rb 64ecTA- 
lucMi. BoopynceniB, b7> 6t>4bixi> xyHBRaxx, bx CbubjiScrbxii luje- 
Haxi>, ex paaHOUBtTHbiMB uiBxaMB; BoopyHceuie y iinxx 6biJio 
Bbiao.ioncHfioc, Onn 6bi4B paCTHuyrbi Bb 4Ba pH4a orb reppacbi 



250 B, H. .lAMAUCKArO, 

Ao docil jiHflro iiapaiiera. flpu /iBepiix'b Ac-cy44a (As-suddah- 
Babu-s-suddab) cTu/ua rjaeuaH CTpa>Ka (the chief door-keeper:»), 
a 3a uMMu Koiiuaii rBap4ia H3b Mepubixi? paDOBi> enjoTb 40 bo- 
poT'b. 3a HHMH riuoxpauMTejM (body-guard], a3b xajii<i>0Bbixi> 
BOJbiiooTnyuieHHiiKOBh {juayju)^ TaKJKe Bep\oiii>, h 3<iTtMb bch 
.apiMifl H pa6bi H erpiuKH 40 caMbixT» ropo4CKuxi> BopoTi>. Do 
OKouMaiiiH nceii uepHMOHiM, Hapo4'b y4ajii^CH; ocTa.incb cb xa.iii- 
4»oii'b ero 6paTbfl, BnaiipH h npii4Bopubie 4nHbi, KOTopbie 40J3Kiibi 
6bi.iii ocTaTbca BO 4Bopul> A3-3arpa, noKa rluo noKoiiearo Ah- 
HacMpa ue 6biwio DepeBe3eHo ro 4Bopeai) Kop40BCKiii, a D0TOiii> 
noxopoMeBO ua Kja46iimi> xaji<i4>cK0M'b>*. 

Ajb-faKCMb II HiiHero ue ii3MkuHJ'b bti aopii4Ki>'ynpaBjefiiii 
npoT»iKi> cBoero npeeuHHica. Bct> crapbie BHSiipu ero oTua 6b]4H 
yTBep}K4eHbi uwh Bb TOMi>-}Ke SBauiu. Cbohm^ ra4>Kit6oM'i* oh% 
Ha3iiaHii.ii> /|,'a<a<i>apa Ajb-acKjaoM (GwiaBflHUHa — Jhhv Al asklabi 
the Sclavoniau '), KOTopbiii, no 3aRe4eiiH0My o6bi4aits b b 4eiib cBOt>ro 
Ha3iiia4eHia, uo4Hec'b xaJH<]>y 4oporie no4apKii, Do cuii4'bTeJibCTRy 
Moiii.-raHflua, ouh coctohjih bi> cotii1> 4)paHKCKax'b MaMejioKOBi>, 
Kouubixii, BoopyiKCHiibixi) MenaMH, KonbUMH, lunraMH bi> Mu^iiB- 
CKux-b maoRaxb, bii Tpcxi> cTaxi> 4Ba4UaTH crajbubixi^ ROJbiy- 
raxi> paaHaro po4a; B-b rpexi* cTaxi> cTajbUbixii h aflTii4ecATH 
(lEi4tncKMXb 4epeBflHHbixi> iu4eMaxi>: bi> H'fccKOJbRHX'b EBpoaeii- 
cKBXTi 111 »eAiaxi>, ue 4epeBiiuubix'b, ua3biBaeMbixi> Ani'-fne-tumaHa; 
B-b Tpex'b craxTi EBponeficKnxi> Roubax'b: bi* coTut uiutobti Cyj- 
Tauiu (of Sultaoiyyab); bi> 4ecMTii cepedpaaubix'b noaojoneuHbixii 
c6pyax'b: B-b 4Ba4[iaTti 6yiiBo.ioBbixi> porax'bn. (II, 157 — 8), 

O SHaHeuiu SBauia ra4^Kif6a MoaKeMi) yauarb b31> cjiI^A- cmobi 
a.ib-MaRapu: ccHcTopuK'b [16uy-Xaji4yHi» roBopBTb, sto SBauie 
BH3Hpn y cyjTauoBii Kop40RCRiix'b 4aBa40Cb HSBtcTUbiMi) roey- 

4apCTBe'11UblMl> 4VlH0BHBKaM'b, USX ROBX^b Ra;K4blii IIMiLll* Bli 

cBoeMii B'b4l>uiii B3B'kcTiiyfo oTpacjb yapaB4euia, uanp^ 4>BuaH- 
cbi, uuocTpauHbia 4'it4a, npaBocy4ie, aamuTy rpauiiu^, boScro. 
CauoBUHRB 3Tfl CBepxi> Toro yqacTBOBajH ri> nocToauHbixi> coat- 
mauiax-b cb xajiBO^oMii ; b3i> micia bxti oui* «36flpa4T> ce6'b uaii- 
B6a (Nayib), RdRi* uasbiBa^acb ua oocTOR'b 404;Kiiocrb rjaBuaro 



1 . Cm. raKwe RQ|naud : Invas. p. 252. 



CJABflU.AXi' Bl> M.AJOil A31M, in> A4>PlfK'» M Bib IICDAUIH. 25f 

H^H BejtfRaro BuaHpM, a B^b AuA^Aydin ohb 6bMa naitiCTHa do4i> 
iiMeHeu-h ra42Ku6a^» (I, 102). 

Bi> 962 r. npi'b3»caji'b ai* Kop^osy aab ^ennara fBHAaHiif ir 
neperoBopoBik ci> xajH(i»oiix a Jb - raRemoMT II Kopoj^ ra^miin 
Op^oHbo IV. B'bKop^oB'fc Bce 6biJ0 opiiroTOBjieuo ki> Top^ecTBeH- 
HuMy ero opieMy. BoficRa 6biJH BOopynceHM, RaRx B'b Boeuuoe 
BpeMii, CwtaBHHCRafl rBap4iA 6bija Be^iiROJ'taHo pa304i>Ta no 9T0My 
cjiy«iaio; yaeMbi, 6orocjiOBbi, Rarndbi y cTHXoTBopabi no^yiuju 
opHKaaaHie npecyTCTBoBarb npu ayAieHuifl, a BBSMpa n Apy^Ur 

BblCnite CaHOBHHRn 06fl3aHb1 6bU» Bl> HdB'fecTBOM'b Hacy 6blTb 

RaHC4bin ua cBoeMi* RffecT-fe. (U, 161). 

DocaI; CBoero npe4CTaBjeHifl xa.iH<i»y,Op40Hbo6bi.ii»oTBe4eB'b' 
eaiiyxaHB bi* oco6bie oorob , r4'l> yca4H4H ero Ba BbicoRyK) no*- 
4yiaRy , ooRpbiTyio soaoToio napqeio. MeHC4y rtM'b ra49KB6'b 
Jl2Ka4»api» a.ib-Mocra<i»H ornpaBBjca R'B Bemy b3i« 4pyrofi nacTB 
4Bopua; 3aM'bTBB% ero, Op40Bbo BCTaji> cbCBoero Mi^CTa, Bbime^ii* 
Ki> Heuy Ba Bcrphqy, 0T4awii> eMy caMbiS bhsrib dokj[obi> b \o- 
riiAi, noa-tjOBaTb ero pyxy, bo 4»€a<»apii Be abai* eMy b, no84b- 

poaaBHlBCb Ch BBM-b CaUblM-b 4py3KeCTBeBBbIM'b o6pa30Mi>, 00- 

34paBBji'b ero ci» ycai>xoMii, yBi>p;ia, 4T0 xajH«i>i» Benpeif&BBO 
HcnojBBTii cBoe o6iuiaBie; orqero Op40Bbo opHUiejii> bi» Beona- 
caBByK) pa40CTb. (II, 164 — 5). 

Iloc.i'i^ Toro, 00 3BaKy, 4aBB0My ^»caoapoMi», 6bMi» opoBe- 
ceBb bi> .ao4apoRi> 0Ti> xajii<i»a 6oraTbitt ooReTiibii) Hapa4i>. 3aT'fcMi» 
ilH^ao^api. ooojajii aa xpflCTiaoauB, 6b]BU]BMB 6i> cbbt^ 0p40Bi.0y 

H RaH«4aro BSb BOXb 04apBJl OpBJM^HlO 3BaHilO. (II, 165)« 

Bbiioe H yme 3aM'faTBwiT», mo caoBa eBByxi>, yDoTpe6jfleiiiai'o 
Be pa3i> y PaaBroca, fleJbSH Bcer4a oouBMaTb 6y RBa.AbBo. TaRi> 
Baiip. A'<Ka<i»api>, Ba3biBaeubifi eBByxoBfi>, BMij-b 6ojbaioe ceMeH- ' 

1. Gav;in;^. I, p. XXTII, Append. B., r4'b npnaoveaii nep6B04'i> iii^cKOJi»RHxi> 
Mtcrfc MB'h H5H-b-XaJiiyua no pyKonucH B-im BpBT. Myaeii. Botb cjoaa H5hi»- 
Xaj4yBa o aaaHiB raAMH6a npu Ovvajuazi»: a Daring the goTernment of the Beni 
Umeyyah in Andalus, the name of Hi\jib, was giren to that officer whose duty was 
to screen or veil the Sultan from the eyes of his snbjectg, and to he a sort of inter- 
mediary between his sorereign and the wizfrs, or their inferiors, an we haye ob- 
serfed elsewhere. As long as the dynasty of the Beni UmeyTah lasted, the ofSce of 
the Hijib was one of the highest Importance in the state, as thou mayest read in the 
histories of Ibn Hadid «itd other Hijibsn. 



252 . B. H. ..lAMAUCKArO, 

■ 

a 

CTBO. ToSKe KOUeHHO OTHOCUTCfl H Rli 4pyiiiM'b CiaBflliaMl, 6e3- 

paa.'iHHuo HasbiBaeubiM'b eeujxaMii. 

He MO'rKeT'b 6biTb HHKaKoro coMujiuiii, HTO GaaBHue B'b Hcna- 
uiB, KaK'b uuoaeMUbi h apHiujeubi, coctbhahau KaKi> 6bi ocoooe 
o6u(ecTBo, 6bUH CBnaaHbi Me}K4y co6oio tI^cuoio 4py3K6oi6 b eaa- 
HMHo noMorajH 4pyrb 4pyry, KaRb aeM^AKu ii e4Hiioii4eMeHUHKu. 
Bee dxo Koiiesuo npo40j;Kajocb no j-bx-h Dopi>\ 40Kodi> iie yxpa- 
TMJH ouy cBoeii uapo4BocTH, 4ero eiue Be 6mm) b bi> XI b.^ Ratrb 
TO noKaabiBaeT'L npHubp-b GjaB^HBua faouoa, sKBBuiaro Bb Xl b., 
cj'b40BaTe.'ibB0 Bb Xb., ecjB CiaBaBe b ysBJBCb Apa6cR0My fl3bi- 
Ry B npBH.HMaJB MycyjbMaBCRyio B'fepy b sliKOTopbie MycyjbMaH- 
CRie o6biHaB, to Be 6pocaj[B o4HaRo b cbobxi> BpaB0Bi» b o6bi- 
HaeBi), Be 3a6biBajfl b CBoero flabiRa, iie noRB4ajB BOBce CBoeii iia- 
po4HOCTB. Mbi yme anaeMi*, hto xa^H<t»i» ajb-raReiM;b II, TaRH^e, 
do4o6ho cBOHM'b' npe4iiiecTBeBflBKaMT>, 4epH{aji> GjaBflHCKyio reap- 
4110. BoaBbiineiiie CjaBflBBsa Ha TaRoe BbicoRoe mI^cto, RaROBo 3Ba- 
Bie ra4HCB6a, pacRpbiBaeTi> bck) CB^y b Bce 3Ha4eBife, ROToparo 40- 
CTBFJB CwiaBABe BpB dTOMi) xajiB(i»t. Beaik coMHliHia 4>Ra«»api. 
a.ib-Mocra<i»B aa C06010 fHBywii> b B03Bb]uiaj'b b 4pyrBxi> cbohxi» 

e4BB0BjeMeBBBR0B'b H A3^7Ke C00Te4eCTBeBHBR0B'b, 

MHt> o«ieBb DpiflTHO, HTO Bi) no4rBep3K4eHie CBoero MBiRiii, 
Mory npHBecTB caoaa TaRoro 3BaT0Ra, i^aRi> ^o3b: uBi> npaBjenie 
A64yppHXMaHa III b a^b-faReMa II, CiaBAUcRie 4BopuoBbie eB- 
HyxB BpioopLiB 6oj[bmoe Bjiatiie, oco6eHHo 6biJi> Ri* BBU-b pac- 
nojoHceHi> 9T0Tb nocjt4uiii xa.]u«t»i>. B'bro4i>erocMepTB (976 r.), . 
C^aBflBCRie eaayxB 6bUB BecbMa MoryuiecTBeiuibi, BXb cmiTa.iacb 

TblCHSa, B RaH;4blB B3T> HHX'b BM'bjl> Bl) CBOIO 0<iepe4b CBOBXl^ 

cjiyn», cBOBXi) pa6oB'b». 

He 40J}KB0 04HaR0 aaRjiOMaxb mdrb ciobti ^0311, MTo6bi C.ia- 
Bfiui> 6bua 04Ba Tbieana: Bbime Mbi BB4'kJB, mto npB 4Bopu'k As- 
3arpa coctoajio na cjyHc6'l> CAasRWb ropa34o 6o4ie ThicflMn; 
6oJbiiie Tbicaiii CjaBAH-B ciyH^B^o Bb rBap4iB. Ecjb 6bi CjaBflBi> 
Bi> HcDaHiB 6bi4a Bcero 04Ba Tbicasa, to ROHeniio CjaaaBCRie 
eBHyxB Be 6bi4B 6bi BecbMa MorymecTBeBHbi, Be 6bi^o 6bi bi> m)- 
cyjibMaBCROB dcnaHiB b oco6oii CaaBaiicKoii napTiB, o obrriiocTn 
ROTopofi HCflo H no40H<BTe4bHo TOBopBTit 4o3ii. ^heuio ajb-AJa- 
RapB, opBM'b'iauiif b opB^o^KeBin ero nepeB04*iBRa npMBejo au- 



O CJABflHAXX Bli MAAOn A3llt, Bl> A«l>PyK'B H Bl» IICtlAUIH. 253 



uiymaro arii crpoRB k% TOMy »ce caaiOMy aaKJiOHeHiio; ho TaRi 
RaKi» UH Apa6cKiii HCTopuKi>, bh FaaHrocB uarAt npaMo ae roBo- 
pflTT» daBHHCKoij napriH, to b oh'b xot^jii 6biJo yace yMOji- 
qaTb o6'b aroMii B3'b onacema 6t>iTb odBiiueHiiy bti H3aHiDHe& no- 
co'l^iDHocTB aaKjuoMeHJii a sTo6b] <ipe3T> to rauoe ae no4opBaTb 
AOB-fepie Ki> H3viaraeM0My npe4MeTy. Ho uoc^li 03HaK0MBBuiBCb c-b 
B3ca'feA0BaHiaMu ^ojb, oa'b ae ycoMaajca yme roBopaTb yxBep^a- 
rejbao o 6biTH0CTH a-b Mycy^bMaacKoii Picaaaia Bb X b XI a. oco- 
6oii CjaaaiicKofi napTia. 

BbiTBocTb aToii napTia yKasbiBaerb aa ae&ia.ioaaa^aTejbaoe 
KOJHiecTBo CjiaBBB-b Bi> Rcnaaia, xaKb KaKi> aes^l^ a acer^a aoja- 
TBsecKaa napria MOHcerb cyuiecTBOBaTb a BMi^Tb dojbuioe aaaqeaie 
TojbKO Tor4a, Kor4a npe4B04aTeja ea ae T0JlbRO0Twla^alOTca5oJll>- 
^IaMB 4apoBaaiflMa , ao b pacaojarafOTi> aaaMaxejibabiMa Mare- 
pia^bHbiMB cpejCTBaMB» oaapaiOTca aa Buk'maefi caj'ib, aa 6o^te 
BJH jieate aaaTaoAfb ROJimecxB'b MOAe'6, BMb ape4aaabix'b. Tbica^ia 
CjaBflai>, RdRii 6bi oaa ae apeBocx(ua^a BepdepoBi) b 4a}KeApa- 
6oB^ CBOBMH apaacTBeaabiMa 40CToaHcrBaMa, 6bija 6e3rBjibaa co- 
34aTb oco6yiO aapriiOi T^Mb 6ojte TaKyio, ROTopaa 4'feiicTBOBa^a 
Be 6ed'h ycB'fcxa. 

ToHBO TaRwe Be34'i> a Bcer4a iiapxia MOH{exi> o6pa30BaxbeH, 
cyuiecxBoaaxb a aojb30Baxbca bi> rocy4apcxBi> cimok) a aaaneaieM-b 
xojbRO B-b xoM'b cjy4a'6, ecwia cocxoaxi» B3'b jio4ei], 6ojte aja 
Mea'fee e4aaoMbicjauiax'b, aaaqe oaa ae Morvxi> ncaxb bx ja4ax'b, 
vh coB'bxi B wiK)6Ba, 6e3'b lero aiiKaRaa aapxia, x'bM'b 6oA^e ae- 
iiaoroHBCjeaaaa, aHRor4a ae Bp]o6p1ixexb cajbaaro Bjiaaia. Bee 
3X0 no4aBao oxBocaxca rT) CaaBaacRoQ aapxiafiii HcaaaiB, ae jio- 
^HMofi fl 6e3i> Toro aapo40M'b, RaRi> aaoa^eMeaaoa, a acTp^bxaa- 
mefi RpoMt Toro oaacaaro ce6fc apoxaaaaRa ax MoryuiecxBeaaoit 
napxiB Bep6epcRoa. Ecjb ace bi> nac^'i yaoAiaBaeMbixi> y Apa6- 
CRRXTi BCTopaROBx CjaBBB-b aa40 6bi 6buo pa3yMi;xb a HkMueax, 
TO 3Haa pi3RyK) apoxaaooojosKaocxb 3xaxi> ajeMea'b, euie6oj'fce 
B3aaMayio BX'b aenpia3ab, a B'b to BpeMa 4a3Ke a aeaaaacTi , p'fe- 
(HBTejbao yTBep3K4aTb Moa;eMi>, hto B'b TaKOAfb cjyqa'b ai* Hcna- 
BiH aaRor4a 6bi ae 6bijio aaRaRofi CjaBaacRofi napxia. C^aaaae 
H HiMUbK BCTp-fcxaBoiacb Bfi Hcnaaia, Roaenao ae c6ja3ajacb 6bi 
iie3K4y co6oio a ae apaMapajacb 6bi; 04aaaR0B0CXb oojoxceaia 



254 B. H. JAMAIICKATO, 

6hi4a 6bi ue bi> cb jaxi> noTyiuim ux-b BaaHU Hoii BpancAbu rjiy6oKo 
KopeHHBiiieHcii, tohho TaRHCt^, KaRh PpeKH II Bojrapbi, rpysHHMH 
ApMHue, 3ana4Hbie CiaBAHen HLMQbi co\paHfliOT'b4pym>in>4pYry 
Towe ueupiAaBeuHoe pacao^o-i^enie, sto iia poABiiliy to n bhI eji, 
Banp. B'b AurjiH, bo ^^pauuiB, bi* PocciM. TaRBM'b-odpaaoM'bHiii- 
iieBTi Kh ncoaHia ua cjyaK6i y MycyjibMaait 6biTb 04eHb mhofo He 
Morjo. EcjB 6bJ MXi> Mucjo paeujijocb >iBCwiy CjaBflBi>, to ohh 
6bi o6pa30BajiB cboh) ocgoyEO napTiio HtMeuKyio , 00406110 
TOMy, RaR7> GjiaBflue o6pa30BajH CjaBAucKyio. []ua<ie ua^o npn- 
SHarb, 4TO H'bimbi ae o6ja4ajii BysKBbiMB 4^fl toio RaHecTsauH, 
4T0 6bijio 6bi cTpauuo B 4a>Ke Hejino. Cj']b40BaTeai>Ho ua4o6i]o 
corjacBTbCfl, 4to HiiMueBT) B'b HcnaHiu ua ciyxco-b y Mycy^ibMaHii 
6bijio 04eub HeMuoro, (hto n caMO no ce6'fc ooHflTBo, RaR'b to mm 

Bblllie 6M4i*wIH), a Cb 4pyroti CTOpOBbI, 4TO H 8TH OeMUOrie HtM' 

Ubi, noRa He yrpaTB^iH cBoeii Hapo4HOCTii, bm^ju ynacTb 4a.ieKo 
ua o4BuaROByio co GjiaBflHaMii, ROTopbie cBoero BjiflHJa h cBoeu 
cujbi ue Morjn 3Ke ue ynoTpe6jiiTb corjacuo ci> cbohmm npBpo4- 

HblMU CHMDaTJaMH U aHTBDaTiflMB. Bl> dTOM-b OTHOIOeuiB BBBMaBlfl 

aacjiyncRBaeTi} npRBeieuaoe Bbiine M3Bi>cTie o no4apRaxi» r^aBifaro 
Baaflpa 4Hca<i»apa, Dpiipo4iiaro CjaBflHBua. MeH;4y npoHimi* ou^ 
no4apiiJi> CBoeMy noaejurejio cto padoB-b, to 6biJM <l^paaRH,T. e. 
HliMiibi, a ue ero aeMJBRB bjb e4uuonjeMeHHURH. 

VI» Uo cMepTB ajb-FaReua II (f 976 r.) ua npecTojb bct)- 
DBJi> ero C4a6biii cbiHb niiiiaM'fc. Ajb-MaRapu , cAinAyn 34l>cb 
M6u b-Xn^4yHy, pa3CKa3biBaeTb, <ito ajb-Moreiipa, 6paT'b ajb^FaRe- 
MOBiiji BMf>BUiiii BB4bi ua DpecTOJii BCBJbuyionapTiio B'b Kop4oot, 
6bU'b yMepuiBjeHi> Mora!kie40!»i> H6ti'b-A6B AiMupoMb, 6ojte msbI;- 
CTUbiftrb 0041) BMeBeMT> ajb-iMauaopa. 

y adb-xMaRapu ^e Haxo4flMb c.ri>4yioui]a aecbMa Jio6onbiT- 
Hbia D04po6HOCTB, aaBMCTBOBauHbifl HM-b B3'b BCTopBHa Apa6cRaro 
H6ui>-BaccaMa: «.lBnib TOJbRO aJb-FaReM-b BcaycTUjiTi noc^f.4HiH 
B340X'b, RBRii TOTMac'b 4Boe B3T> ero CianflHCRuxi) eBiiyxoB-b, ^afi- 

BRT> B J[a^'04apTi, 0pe4BB4B CMyTbl B 6'fe4CTBia OT-b TdROfi ulipbl 

(oTT) flaauaHeuifl a.ib-raReMomii bii cbob Hacj'i>4HBRB cbiua cBoero, 
nosinMO 6paTa) 3a4yMajH oocaABTb ua npecTOJib ero 6pHTa a^b-iVIo* 
reiipy, BMicTO louaro FBiiiaMa. alio MoeMy, roBopHJii) i^aiiBRi. J^'mo- 



C.lABflHAX'b Bl> MAJOIl A3IU, Bl» AffrPHK-fe H Bli lICnAHlH. 255 

4a|))\ Mbi uiiKor4a ^ue apuBe4e»ib bi> ncaoaueuie uaujH&'b 3aMbi- 
c^oBb noRa ncMB-b A3Ka<t>api> a.ii.-MocraoH, oiii» AOJ^neu-b yue- 
peTbA. — ftHeyHcejii' HaM'b cj'fe4yeTb iianaTb aaine 4l>^o y6iScTB0M b 
cTapMRa, uainero nana jhHHKa u uoKpoBHTeviH», BoapaHca^b eMy ^3ko- 
4ap'b, — ctKJiiHycb AwijaxoMi>, roBop(i4i> 4'aiiifRi>, n ue BUHcy HHoro 
cpe4CTBa». — 04uaRo ohh OTnpasyju roHua ri> 4Hca(i>apy ci> HaBi- 
ciieM'b o cMepTUL a^b-l'aReMOBoii u xyxi ace oTKpbMH CMy cbom 
D.iaHbi Ha cser^ avib-Moreiipbi , npoca ero MutHiii h cobIstobi>. 
OrBiTi) /t'Ka(^ap<>B b 6bjj'b cj'b4yHjiiiiii: c<BaMi> o6oumi> 4t>iicTBo«- 
BaTb, MHt TOJbKo Baci» cjyuiaTbCfl; Bamu SBaui;], RaKi> HanaJLiiiiRa 
iBopa (master of household) u cMorpMTejfl 4BopuoBii (governor of 
the palaces) 4aH»'rb Baiwb 6ojbniyic Bja(!Tb». Tor4a o6a eBHVxa pb- 
innjBCb npuBecTu cboii n.iaHi> bt* ncnOwiHenie. MeHC4y TtM-b ajh- 
Mocra<t>H bCTaBHwii> 4Bopem h, coopaBi* BoiicKa h nxii HsyiaJbHU- 
ROBX, o6'biiBiiJii> HM-b o CMepTB ajib-PaReMOttoii, a raRHce u oHaMt>- 
peuiaxi> ^7K04apa n 4>a&(iKa iioca4HTb oa npecTo^i> awfecxo Th- 
HiaMa ero 4B410. aEc^ii Afhi ocTaHCMCfl BtpHbiMH cbiuy uainero oo- 
BejBTejB, TO BjacTb 6y4erb Bb uaurnxi) pyRax-b; ec^a H«e mw co- 
rjacRMCfl ua ii36paHie 4pyraro rocy4apfl, to mm jutDUMCB Bceii 
CR4bi H BjacTM 81} rocy4apcTB'h». BoiicRa e4iiiio4yii]iio oTBtqajH: 
vTeoe MH-feuie BMtcrh h Hame». Tor4a 4M«a<i>apT> nocntuiHooxnpa- 
BHj-b MoraMMe4a Cb ^lacTbio BoiicRa bt> pe3ii4.euuiio ajb-Moreiipbi 
c^ uoBejIiiiieii'b vMepTBMTb ero. Hdiix-AoH-AMMp-b aacTaj b ajb- 
MoreSpy B-b coBepmeiiiioii ueHSBtcTiiocTH ua cner-b Bcero CJyHHB- 
luarocB. Oiix cRa3aji> etiy o CMepria ero 6paTa h o Towb, ito ero 
n^eiiaHBHK-b rumaurb B03Be4eHT» iia npecTo^iii. Ajb-Moreiipa 6bixb 
riy6oKo noTpncein. npw arofl atcTH, ho TOT^acT- ace DpH4B B'b ce- 
6n, CRa3a.iT>: <ifl cjiymaiocb noBiniyiocb apHKaaaHiau'b Mocro ho- 
Baro DOBe.iHTejiB.» He anaa, RaRT. nocTyniitb, M6H'b-A6H-AMiipi> 
nocjaji b nacbMo rt* ;J.aca<^apy, yBi40MJiaa ero 060 Bcew^ n Hcnpa- 
niHRafl OTT> Hero 4ajbH'i;BaiHX b HacTanjentfi. OxbhTb 6bui. cjIw 
4JH}iuih: ccCxBaTHTb u yMcpTBHTb ero; eCwiH tw He HcnoJiiniiib 
DopyHeuia, a doujjiio 4pyraro». — A-ib-Moreiipa 6biJi> y6flt'b». (II, 
177—8). 

EcTb 06b aTHXii npoucuiecTBiax-b pa3CKa3i> 4pyraro Apa6cRaro 
BCTopHRa. ROTopu^ Mbi ciuTaeiirb ByacHbiMi) npii-ioacuTb 34'i^cb ace 
DO nepejaqi ^03h: «HaqajbHHROMT> CjaBaHCRHXi>eBnYXOBT 6h\A% 



256 B. H; JAMAMCKArO, 

4*aHHKi>, 03B'bcTUbill no4b BMeueMi* Au-UH4aMu(Aii-Nidhami), ua- 
«iajbHURi> rap4epu6a (le maitre de la garde robe), nocji> uero uau- 
6ojbiiinMi> BjiflHieafb nojbsoBawicii J|.HC04ap'b. Bowibaub ajtb-FaKeiia 
II 6bija npo40wi»CBTeJbHaii h Kor4a eiiie uhkto, Rpouh 4»aiiHKa m 
^»C04apa, He 3ua^i> o ero CMepTu, ouii p4>iiiy.iHCb ne npuB04iiTb 
Bi> HcnoJueHie Docji'fe4ueu bojIh cBoero rocj4apfl, ROTopbiii uaaiia- 
HBAJi ceo'b B'b DpeeMHUKy CBoerocbiua. [ijraacb6'li4CTBeuub]X'bDo- 
Cdi'fe4CTBifi pereBTCTBa, TaKii KaKb rnuiaMb, cbiub aJb-PaKeMOBi*, 

^6bU'b TOJbRo Ha 4B'kua4uaroMb roAy u auaa, sto Hapo4i> ue oxot- 
BO npflMeTii axoro pe6euRa, oijb pjiuiujucb nepe4aib npecTOJi> a^k- 
Moreiip'b, 6paTy ajb^-faHeMOB)', ch rbM-b yc^oBieM'b, 4To6bi aro'TB 
oocjt4Hiii HasHaMu^b njieMauuHKa cBOHUit Haejt4HiiK0Mi>, TaKMiiT* 

' odpaaoMiiOHuoRaaajudbi ycayry ajb-MoreHpf> h bti to Hce apeMJi 
ocTajHCb BlspubiMM cbiuy CBoero rocy4apfl, iiOHeMy H Bforjiupa3C4H- 
TbiBaTb na ocMbiaoe aaiauie B'b^Liax'b rocy4apcTBeuuhiX'b. aMbic^b 
6b]jia npeKpacuaa, B0CKJHuaeTi> ApadcRiii HCTupMRb, ho Borb lie 

n03B0 JH41> eii 0CytUeCT6HrbCll». 4'fe^€TBHieJbHOTaKHM'bCOOCo60M1> 

4B6puoBbie eBuyxH octauoBM^H 6bi, objTb MOMcerb iia40^ro, na4euie 
0MMafl40Bii» Ho ouH 4'l>HCTB0Baau Bii BR4axi> .iH4uaro uHTepeca; 
He ace^aii, qTo6bi B.iaeTB0Ba^i> 04MH'b ajib-Mocra<i>H, ouHnpoTHBy- 
nocTaBHJB eMy TaKoro Kuaaa, KOTopuii, 6y4y'iH hmi* o6fl3aHi> ope- 
cTOJioMii, 6bU'b 6bi Bcer4a uM-b 6aaro4apeH'b. 

43K04ap'b npe4J0HCHj'b cBoeiiy naMa^hCTBy npH3BaTb J,3Ka<i>apa 
H yMepTBHTb ero. ho 4»aiiBRi> BocnpoTUBH^cii aroMy yoiiicTBy h na- 
jlifl^cii oepeTflHyTb 49Ka<t>apa na cbok) eropoHy. ysHaBuiH o6i> hxi> 
3aroBop'k, ^Hca<t>ap'b npHTBopHJCfl, RaKb 6y4To ero 04o6pnerh, ho 
pa3C<ieT'b 4'aiiHRa 6b]ji'b ouiMooseH'b. EIpR xajiM<i>']t-per)eHR'fe , ee^b- 
MOHca, no44epHCHBaeMbiii apMieK), 6bM'b 6bi Bb nojHoii ch.i1>: na- 
npoTHB-b »ce Toro npu ajb-i\loreiip'k ero Bjiifluie 6biwio 6bi coaep- 
ineHHo HH4To»cHo; oui> 4aHce 6oajcfl, 4to jMuiHTCfl cBoero MtcTa, 
THRit RBR-b ero oTHomeuifl ki> aroMy RHaato^HeoTaHqajBCbocodeH- 
HOio npiaaHbio : noTOMy-To avib-lVlocra<i»H b npHHAJi'b cboh Mtpbi, 
co6paj'b UBorBXii 4py3efl cBonxx, bi> 4HCwii> ROTopbixi» 6bijb iMo- 
raHiieA'b HoHb-AuM-AMiip'b (Bnocjit4CTBiR ajb-Mansop-b , Tor4a 
TOJbRO 4T0 Ha4BHaRHiincBoenonpHuie), Ha4ajbHRROBi>RoiirRi>I>ep- 
6epcRMXi> EeHy-[>Bp3ajb (des B^nou-Birzal) , RCRpenno ri» ueMy 

IipnBfl3aHHblXl>; H Ha4awlbRBR0Bl» HcuaHCRHX-b BoiicKi»; HaBkcTHJI-b 



O CJlABHBAX'b B^B BIA.Iofi A31I1, BX AOPUICB H Bl> HCDAHIH. 257 

uxii cMepm ajbTaReuoBofi h 4a.11 HUb suaTb o HasrfepeHiH G ja- 
HflUCKHXb eBiiyxoB-by y6txc4aa hxi> npe4yDpe4HTb ero B'b 81143x0^ 
coocTBeHHaro Hce mxt* BHTepeca. EMy D04aaH coBtTx, RaRi> moucho 
eRopie yMepTBnTb a*ib->Moreupy. Gob'^t-b 6bjjii> apnuiirb J[Hxa<t>a- 
poMi> B MoraifMe4i> B3iiJCii yoBTb ero. Tairb a nornd^ 6'fc4Hbiii 
RB83b« eiue uanero He aaaBiuiiiocMepTBCBoero 6paTa. ysaaBi* o6'l 
ydiacrsi ajb-Morefipbi, 4>K04api* CTa^i> yapeaaTb <I>ailBKa 3a to, 
qTo Me nocjymajcfl ero coBiroB-b. Ho Tenepb 6b]40 yn^e no34iio; 
06a esayxa CRpujiB cBoe Hey40B0JbCTBie b oTupaBHjiicb ri> a.!b- 
lllocra<»B ci» gbobmb nQ34paBjieHiflUB b onpaB4aHiflMH. Oui»no4aji'B 
BB4i», HTo ax'b npoiuaeTb, ao naqaTan 6opb6a Moraa oKoasuTbCn 
ae aaane, RaR'B na4eHieM'b 04H0& iisx 4Byx'b napTifi. dm 4Ba es- 
ayxa BcaiecRH CTapajHCb BBaBeprayrb cb npecTOja ramniMa H, 
cocTaBRja nporBBT* aero aaroBopx; ao ajb->Mocra«t>H tipa4Bapa^ii 
Hx-b B pa36HJ^ Bct BX-b 04aBbi; a Mora&iMe4i» n6[i'b-A6B-AMHp'b 
ripiiBjieRi> aa cbok) cTopoay oaTb coT'b eBuyxoBi* b aasaaqajx BM'b 
BeJHRo.i'tnHoe co4ep»caMie. TaRBMx-o6pa30M'B ^'afiBRibB^HCo^ap'b 
6bi.iB noKoayTbi CBOBBfanpBBepweauaMR. Tor4a47K04ap'bDpocn'rb 
U(i3B0jieaifl y cy^raaa ocraBBTb M-tcro a y4ajiiTbCfl B'b CB0BB.ia4f>- 
Hiii; OBii 6hiJi'h yBtpeai), qTocy.iTaH-bOTRaHcerbeMy BiiaToiinpocb- 
6'fc. Besi* coMHiain, to 6bua xarpocTb co CTopoau 4.3i>04apa, 
BDOjiat yB-fepeaaaro bi» oTRaa'fc. ripoTHBii BCHRaro ero 0H;B4aRiA, 
CMy 6bi.io 403B0^eB0 ocTBBBTb cTOjauy. npHBepffeeaiib] ero apa- 
mjB cb Toro B'b conepaieaade OTqaiiaie a paspasHjacb yrpo3aMR npo-^ 
TBB% ajb-Mocran^B a MoraiiMe4a H6B'b-A6B-AMapa. Osuwh mo- 
jo4ofi esayx'b, no iiMeaa ^oppa, nocTyna^'b bi> aToiii> c.tyqa'ift 
RecbMa ae6jaropa3yMiio: ooHay[ixeaiio43Kd'i»apa, no44aaBbie 4oppa 
B'b Baaai (Ba^za) no4ajB 4oaoci> aa CBoero rocno4Raa a croynpa- 
BJiBioaiax'b. Ajib-Mocra<t»a npe4CTaBRjii, 6y4To 6bi ob'b 40KjSi4bi- 
BHji'b oo'b aTOMii cyjiTaay b hto totti npBRasa.i'b caecTa ^oppa aa 
o<iHyiocTaBRy cbero Ji04bMa. 4oppa nojyqaerb npaRadaaie aanTb- 
cn Bi> 40M'b BBsapii; OBB j'Me 6biJ0 oTapaBHJCA, ao, ycjbixaa'b, 
B'B 'leMB 4'i&40, ptaiBJCfl BepayTbCfl bo 4Bopeax. MoraMMe4Ti ocra- 
HOBBj-b ero aacBjibao, — ^oppa cxBaTBwi'b ero aa 6opo4y. H6h1)- 
A6a-AMBpi> 30BeT'B aa noMouib cojjarb, 6biBmax'b Tor4a ite B4a-' 
.leRh. HcnaauLbi ae pima^iacb no4aflTb pyRa aa 4oppa, ROToparo 
oua yBaHca.iB, ao Bep6epbi (les Benou Birzal) B36aja ero TaRT>, 

y«i. 3 AD. — CJi. 17 



I 



258 



B. n. JIAMABCKArO, 



HTO OHT» 4HiuiiJCii pa3cy4Ka. ToT«iaci> axe oTiiecjci ero iia jomb, 
VA^ Hoqbio H 40KonajB ero. 4*afioRi» n 4pyrie iia^iaJbUbie ^lo^a 
noJiy^HJifi npHKaai* yiiajflTiirji bi> cboh aeMJH h tie BopoqartGA 60- 
ji'be Bi» CTOJHiiy. Obh noBHHOBa^HCb; o^naRo H6Hi>-A6H»AMiip'b npo- 
Ao«i9Kaji» Hxi> DpnttcHflTb; OH'B aaT'ikAwi'b in» hhmb Tfl3K6y a oto- 
6paJii> OTh iiHxi> 3HaM0TejbHri]A cyuMbi. 4>alifiK'b 6bf ji'B cocuairb na 
ocTpoBa BajieapcRie, reis ohi» a yvepi). A Jb-Mocra^n bnpe^t^iiiJi'b 
A^yr^vh eBHyxoBiiy CTapinaro h3i> huxi CoRpa HaaHasBJii cMOTpn- 
TejeMi* 4Bopaa n rape]iia» \ 

y ajb-ManapB (bi* DepeBO^Ii FaRHroca) ^ntrb HBRaRRX^ 4aji>-> 
H'fcitmBii'b no4po6BocTefi no cMepra ajb-MorefipM b noTOMy ue 

BM'faeM'B B03M07KHOCTfl CKaSaTb, TaRl> JIH TORHO BO D034HtftmHX1» 

co6b]Tiaxi> paacRaaii H^BX-Baccaaia oT.iR4aeTCA oti> paacaaaa I16aii- 
A^apa, DpaB04RMaro y ^oaa. PasRHUbi wh btbxii ace abyi'b €Bii- 
4ibTeJbCTBax'b« KaRi> HBTare^H) bb4bo b3t» npaBeAeaubixr^ oaMB 
H'fccrb, «eMaj03HaHaTejbHbiii: no U6Hi>-BaccaMy-— ^^afiaR-b sa^y- 
Ha Ji> B3BecTfl 4.a<a4»apa a ^^Ko^api* ocTaaaBjaBaerb ero; no H6fli>- 
A^apa (y 4o3b) o6paTBo; no II6n'B-BaccaMy — ^^K^^Mpi* 6bU'b rjaa- 
HbiarB BnHOBHBRourb CMepra a.ib-More&pbi , npnqeMi> Ii6B'b->A60- 
Anapi^ (bi* no€ji'fc4CTBia crpamabiS ajb-Maasopik) ae T04bRo cto* 
BT'b na BTopoMii njaat, no a aajiieTca 6e3»acHbiMi»« noc^ymahiHi. 
opy4ieMi> Bi* pyRaxi>4?Ka4>apa:noH6u^-A4apa H6Hi>-A6a-Aiiapi* 
eaMi» BbisbiBaercfl yMepTBBTb ajb-Morettpy, ee 4aea^api> no4ajn» 
Mbicjib 06'b 9T0Mi> y6ificTB^, HO npe4Jio»aja RaRie«-To 4pyrie; Mo^ 
raiiMe4i>« 00 4a4bHi&aieMy paacaaay H6Hi>-A4apa, aBjaerca no- 
<iTfl rjiaBHMiMi> 4'ikflTejeH'b bi* ^kiA 4>a&MRa a ^oppa; oai* ace 
ocja6jfleTi> napriio 4*aiiaRa, npBBjeaaa aa cboio cTopoay natb corb 
eaayxoBit. 

Hejibaa nponycTBTb MOji<iaaieHi» a ae yaaaarb, rbrii aa 06- 
cToarejibCTBo Becbva jio6onbiTBoe, aa to, hto II6Hi.-A4apa aecMia 
MHoro aaaucTBORa.i'b, no CBa4tTe4bCTBy 4o3a, a3i> coqaaeaia Hdeik- 
Faiiflaa (1 006 f 1076 r.), saaBfeaaTaro aBTopa ri> coacajiaiio ae- 
4ome4nieil 40 aaci acTopia 0Miiaa40Bii a ajb-Maaaopa ^, a 4T0 
II6a'b-BaccaMi>, ROTopbiM'b no4b30Bajira ajib-MaRapa a qett paa- 



1. DoEy: Rech. I, 208--211. 

2. Dozy: Rech. I, 24 Gayan^. I, 310. 



\ 






O CjlABflUAXX B'B MAJIOil A8IH, Bl A4»PBK'fi B B^ BCdABIH. 250 

cica3i. Mbi opuBe^B Buine, B'B oDBcaaiB npoacfflecTBifi, cj'ib40BaB- 
lUHXii 9a cMepTbio ajb-Fai^eMa, xaRBce nojbaoBa^cfl P16B'B-rafiii- 
uoH^ -^ Ha^ pascKaaa H6B'b-»BaGcaMa Be BB4aTi>, HTo6bi ra4H€B6'i» 
^sKaoiapii adii»-*Mocra4»B 6huirb Taicb He Aio6uM'h CjiaBflHCRBBui ea- 
MyxaMB, RaiTb to DpeACTaBjeflo y HdBX-A^apB. Ha-b aero to^ho 
TamKe eme ae^bBH aaRiAiOHBTB, moi6ht npoTBBi* rBinama 6bija nor 

HTU BCfl CjaBflHCRaH CTOpOfla, RaRli e TOM-B MOHCHO 6bI40 6b1 AJ" 

MaTb opR iTeaiB paacRaaa H^B'b-AaapB no nepe^a^i ^oaa. 

Ho eCwiB B BOBce ae npRBBHarb bo BBBMaaie cjobt* II6ax<-Bac<« 
cava, a cjib^oaaTb BCRjiH><niTe4bB0 DpBBe4eBHbiiiib aaMR cJoaaM-b 
;loaB, TO B Tor^a 6biJ0 6bi cjamROMt ciAao b MajooeaoBa* 
TOJibBo aoAoapiaie bi» capaseA^BBocTB cBB^'bTewibCTBa o GjiaBaa- 
CROHi* BpoBcxoaK4eBiB 4aRA4»apa: bi» raRii aaabiBaeMbifi De* 
TopfiyprcRift Bepio4'b aaniefi acTopia, Mbi bb4B9I'B, npe4B04BTe4B 
HtMeoRott napTia Bept>4R0 ccopaTca a BpaHC4yforB iieHC4y €o6obo 
B TtMi> 4ai0T'b nepeaibcb PyccRBMi>y aopRo a npacTajbao cji4amBii'B 
sa HXif 4McTBiaHfl : TaRi> BpaBC4yA« noryoHja ce6H a^cajbao noBpe- 
4BJB CBoeBiy 4'fcjy BBpoBii, OcTepMBBi), HaaflX'b. Haaoflea^ a ao- 
B^tiinie y^eBbie, aaROBbi Peao b FananxTb, chbtbiotb ero C^aBaaB- 
HOH'b 3Ke. BoTb BOTo«y*To, ooRa C jaBflBCRoe opoBcxoHC4eHie 4laKa- 
<Mpa He 6y4eTB onpoBeprayro cTporaMB, nojoHCBT^jbHUMB 40BO- 
4aira, €y4b6a aToro aaiiiHaTejibHaro le^oBibRa BenpeH'^HBo 40wi»c* 
Ha Bxo4BTbB'BBCTopiioGwiaBflH'BBxI]cnaBiB. PaacRaai^ o43Ka«ap'6, 
ero rocy4apcTBeHflo8 4'&aTejbH0CTB npa FamaM'^, o ero uorynie^ 
eTB-fc H oiaai a ero noa4a'lsfiniefi ne^ajibaofi cy4b6i, uoncerb 
6b]Tb 4H>6onbiTeB'b a vbu^h erne, mo npe4CTaBjiaerb aieRojbRo 
HaneROBii, ecjB a ue HpflMbixi» 40B040B'b, wh nojbay G^aBaacRaro 
npoRCxo»c4eBifl dToro rocy4dpcTBeHBaro nejoaiRa a 4a3Ke nBca-* 
TejB. 



1. Gayaog. II, 176; TaKse Dozy ] L yposeeeirb CaHTapeaa, vb IIopTyrajia, 
H6B'i»-EaccaH'b (-{-1147—8 r.) Bainica4'b'ncTopHRO-6iorpa«H'iecRoe coqnHenie bi* Tpex'b 
■lacTaxii: vh aepaoil nontmeau snaBeooHcaBifl SBaMeBBTux'b ai04eil h noaroB'b, 
sBBfDBX-b Vh Rop4orfe, ToJOAO, Caparoctrb, 4aieBt (Jaen), TpaaaAt b 4pyr. Htcraxx; 
BO BTopott — »B3BeoDRcaflifl DoaTOBii A.ib-rap6a b4h aanaABux-b o6jacTett ct Rpar- 
■oHi BCTopieio EeBB-A66a4a; b-i> rperbeil b iiocjt4Bell — B[B3BeonBcaBifl nodroB'b b 
aaviiHaTejbBuxii j]04eit BajeBCiB, AjbMepiB, MypciB b 4pyrBX'b ropo40B'i> aocroq- 
Duz-b. BTopaa "lacTb aroro nataaro Tpy4a xpaBBTca bi* OKc<^op4'b9 b% GflfijioTevb 
E04JeilcR0ll. (Gayang. I, xzi. II, 613). 



260 B. U. wlAMAUGKATU, 

WII- «Qo CMepTH CBoero AHAiAf roBopBTi> a.ib-MaKapii, Fii- 
uiaMi) clu'b TBep40 Ha npecTO^-fc oTUOBCKOM-b, Bciaiu A'kAAmu Bb 
rocy4apcrB'b aaB'^AbiBa^n* ajb-]Vlocra4»u. Ohi> ynuTpe6afljii BediBRiii 
cTapaflin o Hapo^Hoifb 64arococTOBiiiM, cRpoMiio b Teput^BBO bc- 
oodHHfl CBoii AOJkVh; OTBepruyBb HajHOiuioio nbiiiiBOCTb,, €H4'ikji> 

Ha 04HHaK0B0Nl» UiCT'ib Cb OpO^MMH BU3BpBMB M HAeUBUH COBliTa. 

BnpoHeMfi 69 moM9 moAtno u aoKJUOHiuucb eto (to6phiH dihjua^ n6o hcho- 
pw om nauajn paadaeamt Mfhcma sb tocydapcmeib citouMn dpyshHM^ 
u podcmeeKHUKaMn^ cmoJin eajaoHOMHo u dun co6cm«eMihix^ t{ibMu 
pacnopHMcambCH KaaiuHo weydapcmHeHHvH). MoraMMe^'b U6u'b*A6H- 
AMBpi>, coRcpnieHHaii npoTBBynojowHOCTb ^Hca^apy, c^iiAOBaai. 
MHOMy o6pa3y 4'iificTBifi. KopbiCTOJK)6iiouHCRjiosHTejibuocTH'ra4- 
HCH6a OUT) npoTHByaocTaBjaai> BejMsaiimyio me4p<icTb, xoaoaho- 
CTB H BbicoROMipifo DcpBaro caMoe npiflTHoe /H yBwieRare^bHoe 
o6pauieBie. T^^wh npio6ptj'b OHb BeJHMaHuiyio .iio6oBb Hapo4a; 
a.ib-Mocra4>ii npHUB^ii) ero hi* coynacTHBRB ynpaBjeHin h 4ajii 
evy 3BaHie wHaupii. ycep4ie h 4apoBaHiH, cRopo BbiRaaaHHbm Mo* 
ra]ifHe40M'b bi> ucn04ueuiH cBoea 40.iacHocTB h ero ycu^eBuaii bhh- 

HaTe4bH0CTb Rlk €06^, MBTepU FBaiaMa, 6bICTpO CHBCKa4M eMy JIO- 

6oBb axoii rocy4apbitiB; ero BJiBHie b CBja BcesoapacTajB. CBoeio 
joBRocTbH) B oHapoBaTejbHbiMii u6patueHieMi*, oubtaR-booupaBB^- 

Cfl Co6'6« 4TOBCROpiCTajl>CaMblMl>OOHeTUblM'b JHIieM'b npB ABOpt/ 

rBuiaM'b HOBej-bBaeTX ajb-Mocra«i»H o6€y»cHBaTb act Al&Aa yapa- 
B^eHiii BMl>CTi> cb MoraMMe40M'b h HB<ieio He ope4apBHBMaTb 
oeaik Dpe4Bap(iTe4bHaro Cb hbmii coB'fcmaui». CouiacHo ci> amvMh 
npuKasamcJu^. ^onaffiapb eeejib eto so eert caou maUHbi u odpaWfCUcn 
C6 MtiJfs, KOff^ Hitmnbiin omei^ c» cMf^oMn^ HUHeiO.am^ new m chpM' 
eoJUfi u coerbtnoeaACH c& HUMh npu ecRKOMb CAynaib, Ho eb mo eptMR^ 
KOKb aAb"Mocia0u mam cedndepoieaAh c« €Ub^MoM3opoMh n maubdo^ 
enpHueo npedaACH ejuy. smomb nocArbdmii honapuo t*u oSjuaRhteaAb^ 
cmapoMH, ypoHumb eto eo MHibhiu wcydapbiHU^ nocmonHHO dfbUcmeo- 
eaut^ HunepeKopn ejty^ aceifia na new ceaAueaH euny ncibxb Mfbpb^ He* 
npinrnHbixb napody. MotoMMedb UMmptnoeoAn do mwocb nopt^ noKa 
eoeepuuHHo neyponuAb ^ofca^apau mriMb nptaomoeuAt ce6ib nymb Kb 
ucKAJOHumeAbHOJuy npeofiAodanm sti tocydapcmeibi^. (II, 180 — 181). 
Hejio6oBb ajib*MaRapB hjh jysine Tixii Apa6cRBX'b bcto- 

pBROBly, ROTOpblMlk OH'b 34f>Cb CA^A^^Th^ dTa He4i06oBb B BepaCOO* 






O CjlABflHAXl> Bl) MAJOii AdiH, Vb A4»PBK'B B Wh yCQAHlH. 261 

I 

jio3Keuie Rii 4,Hca4»apy ocooei^uo o6uapy»cHBaeTCiiBi>npBBeAeHHbixb 
HaMB cjoBaxi»: ttBi]po4eMi> Bi»TOM'b TOJbKO B cocTOfljB ero 406pblH 
AtAan. Ho RaRifl me 6i>jjb ero4ypBbiflCTopoBbi? CsyaocTb, Ropbi- 
€TOjio6ie, apBCTpacTie rii cbobhi» 4py3bflM'b b po^ctBeHBBRaili'b, 
KOTopbie, e€aB cnpaBe4JBBoCjaBHHCRoenpoBCXO»e4euie^vKa<t»apa9 
4ojH;Hbi obUB 6biTb 6o^ibiiJdio 4acTbio CwiaBiiBe. HBOcrpaBuoenpo- 
uciLo»;4eBie ^Hca^apa ae o6'biicBiieTi>.4B OTiacxB to Be^BRoe R^b 
eeuy BepacnojosKeHie TyaeMUteBik, ^ro TaRii cBjibBO npoiiBJiieT- 
CB B'b opBCTpacrBbixii oT3biBaxi> o xapaRTopt >l»{a<»apa, cccRpou- 

UO B TepcklBBO BCD04BABinarO CBOB 06fl3aBB0CTBI>« OTKBHyBUiaiO 

H3JfluiBiOio pocROBib B 004ecTB« 6biTb uoHceTii TflroTHBUiifl ero 
EspoBe&CRyio Barypy, RaR-b opeBMyuiecTBeBBbia opBBa4Je9KHOCTB 
AaiflTa; ^lacaoapa* dToro Be6jaropo4uaro ^eJoatRa b bi> to hcb 
BpeMB o6paiiiaBaiaroca cb eBOBMi> onacBbiMi> coaepBBRoaii>, RaRii 
H'fcHCHbiA 0Tem» cb cbiBOM'b, €i> dTBMi* 6jaropo4Bb]M'b B Bonyjap- 
HbiMii coflepBBROM-b, ROTopbifi QOcxyBaj-b Cb CBORMii 6aaro4'feTejeM'b 
Becbua Be 4bcto» RaRii Toro Be mopjb cRpuTb Apa6cRie BCTopBKB, 
apB BceH-b CBoeMX pacnojiOHceaiB b npBCTpacTiB R-b ajb-MaB3opy. 
Ho ajb*MaB3opi>, cM-fedibiB BOBTejb, RVMBpi* apMiB, oT^Bqajcfl He- 
oobiKBOBeBHOio me4pocTbK), o6x04BTe4bHocTbH) o6paiiieBia. Ohi* 
KoaeHHO Be BOJbaoBa^ca o6fiiecTBeuHbiMB cyMMaMB 4Ja<c60BXi> co6- 
CTBeBBbixik u'fcjea. He pa34aBawih wtcTh cbobmi* 4py3baMT> b poa- 
CTBeHUHKaifb, Be BMiiJ-b oco6bix'h .iK)6BM[|eBi> oo4o6ho 4sKa4>apy« 
CTOJb He nooyjapHt^My. Ho ooc.ijniaeM'b ajb-lMaRapB« rto goo6- 
lUBT-b oB-b Baaii» o B03BbiujeBifl ajib-MaH3opa. 

«Ecjfl ca'fe40BaTb H6H'b-Xarj4yBy, a^b-Manaop-b Ba^aji cBOjii 

nonpBoie eaie apa ajb^FaKeBii. Do caiepTB xajBoa b no acTyojie- 

BiB Ba npecTOJi> eroiOBaro cbiaarBniaMa, MoraMMe4i> caM-b aua- 

sajcff B yaepTBBdi'b ero 6paTa adib-More6py, BalBuiaro npaTasa- 

aifl aa apecTOJit. A^b-Moreiipa cbmi* xajiB4»a Ah Hacapa, ctohjii* 

BO r.iaB'fe BecbMa 3Ba4BTe^baoii oapTiH bi> Kop40B'6, ROTopaa ero 

npe4nonBTajia n^eMaaaBRy ero rauianyy RaRii 3a apl^ibiii ero bo3- 

pacrby TaRik a aa onuTaocTb B'b 4'b4ax'b rocy4apcTBeBabix'b; ho en 

noMOWfiK) ^ofca^apa H^wb-^OntMaua cub-Mocta^u, tadmuda aM^Fa^ 

KeMoea^ rajiu6a^ npaeumeua MeduHau,fJM^ u CjUMRucKuxh deopu/fh' 

Bbixb tenyxoeiby HaHOMHUKaMU Komoptix^ ao mo epejuR 6mjm <PaUuK6 

H ^Modapn MotuMMtdb aaxaomtus aub-Jtloieitpy eh eto doMtb uyMepm^ 



262 B. H. JAMAHGKArOf 

euM ew Kepesb dea dnn^ cnycmH no cj^pmu cLkb-FoHeMa u FumoMb 
6bur^ npoBosuamem xcuu^oMb 6em eonpomuHMHXR. Tor^a Hdair- 
A6h-Ambpi> ptiDHJiCfl 0Bja4tTb rnmaMOifb B 3aiBaTHTi» ero B^acTb; 

4^fl TOrO 0H1> CTawl'b HBTpBroeaTb npOTBB-b BeaBRHX-b CaHOBBBROVB 

rocy4apcTBeBHbixi», floce4fliA'b pa84opu nesK/iyHBMB, BoacTaBOBJiifl 
mxh 4py rb npoTtf bi> 4pyra, RCTpe6diflii o4aoro 4pyrBirB. Tax-b Rasx 
OH'b caAfb npBaa4.ffe3Ka4'b ri* o^eiieflaM'b leMeaa, BMeauo ri> n^e- 
iieHB MaBt^epii, duwi'b noTOHROM'b A64y*J'*-Ma4eRa, opBuie4iuaro bt* 
Afl4ady8iio th TapBROM b b npBHBMaBinaro BejBRoe y^acrie arb aa- 
BoeBaBiB 9ToB CTpaBbi, TO euy b ho ctobjo 6oJbiuarq Tpy4a npH- 
B^eHb Ha GBOfo CTopoHy B0HC4efi oapTia leMeHCRoS, 6biBmefi B-b to 
BpeMfl BceHoryoiecTBeBBOfo. Q/h nx;b nomombio ohi» noCTeoentici 
Dpio6p'fe«l'b orpoMBoe SBaHeaie b coBepmeaao 3aB4a4'b4ii FBuiaHOM b, 
aaopeTBj'b Buaapflifb flB.iiiTbCfl R'b aeMy, BCRjitfHaa HaBicTBhixi* 
4aeii« Ror4a no34opoBaBniBCb cb xajBi^oM'b, obb Torb »ce «iacb b 
y4a«iHjiBCb. Oa^ oie4po aarpaHC4a4'b apuiio, *ieGTBJx h acajioaaji* 
y^ieabix-b, 4aBB jib Bciiii», RToeiiycoopoTHBjia4cii. My4pbifi, npe4y- 

CaiOTpBTeJbBblfi, ipa6pbl&, OB'b fi.iaCTaa'b BejBRBBIH bobbcrbiih 

4apoBaaiBMB« Beo6biRaoBeaBOfo na6o3KBocTbio. Bci rb rocy4ap- 
ctBeaabie caaoBHBRB, ROTopbie eMy coapoTBBjawiBCb, rB64B o4Ba'b^ 
^epea'b 4pyraro« jama^acb cbobxii Mierb a 4aHce 3KB3hh. Bee srro 
coBepaia^'b owh 3a B04nBCbio ramaifa a no ero apaRadaaiio; tbri 
OTCTpaaiiJ'b oai* BC'bx'b, CTOHBrnaix eMy aa 4opor6. DepBbie ero 
y4apbi aanpaB^eabi 6biJB apoTBB'b CwiaBaacRHX'b 4BopaoBbixx ea- 
ayxoBii (?), cocTaBJiiBniBY'b qacTb xa jbo^obob rBap4iB (body goard). 
Bo36y4RB'b apoTBB'b aax-b ra4»cB6a ajb-Mocra4»fl|, ohi^ Bbiraaui* 
yi-b Bcixi* B3i> 4Bopiia, xoth ax'b 6bi«io 6owite Bocbna corb nejo- 
BbRi). IIoToiiiii oH-b HceaBdiCB aa 40>iepB Fajada, BOJbHooTayiitfea- 
MflRa a^b-l'aReHOBa, XBTpocTbio a Jieerbio tbrii ero npflBBaadi-b R'b 
€664^ <iTo Cb ero aoMomiio coBepnieaao Dory6HJ'b aJb-Hocra^a. 
tlpoTaB-b Fa ja6a oa'b yaoTpe6Bji'b 43Ka«apa n6a'b-AjB-H6Bib Fa'W- 
4yaa« B0HC4fl EDiaTOBii (b^ A<»pBRi). FaM4yaa norydaxb oa-b cb 
nottoiubio A64yJBa4y4a (I6B'b-43KerBapa []6a'b-4BaByHa a 4py- 
rnxx BeabMOHCb, aaqa^baBROBii b ape4B04BTejefi Apa6cRo8 aap^ 
TiB»... (II, 175—6). 

TaRii 4iKcTB0BaJx aJb-Maasop-b. KaR-b bchroh yuauii bojh- 
THRi, npuTOMi ace aepaadop^BBbifi bii cpe4CTBax%, oa'b ae rydaji* 



CJABflUAX'b Vh MA40ii ASIH^ Bl> A<t»PUK'B H Bl HCDAUIH. 263 

H ue 4yiuHwii» Bceuijo hii o^aofi aapiiM. 4umb tojilko bi> fiaKoii 
UBoy^b aaMi^iaj-b oh% Gii4y a aaaneaie, iieue4jiii noce^HA'h Bt aefi 
pa34op'b, pa34yHa4X eaiioHCAeii, o4BHX'b ry6H4'b, 4pyraxi> npBsae- 
Ka^i* ua CBoio CTopoey u TaKHMi» oSpaaoBii* qoaibujuI) ce6t a 
CBoaifb uiwiflM-b fiCMRyio cu^bayio aapxiio. CaaBAab oax, KaKi» 

UUHCe yBB4Bll'by He y4a4fl41> BOBCe^ a T04bK0 a044BHB41> CBOBBl'b 
BlUaM'b. 

06pauiaeucA inb pa9CKa3y a4b->MaKapB o aoBe4eHiB a4b-MaB- 
aopa BTh oTBouieaiB ri* 4»ca«frapy; 

«TaRl» RaRl* H^ROTOpbie Bd'b CaBOBBBKOBb a4b-I'aReM0BblX'b 

(BapiaBTi»: <ui3ii 4BopuoBuxi> eBByxoB>» bjib ccasik eBHyxoiii>, aasbi- 
BaeMux-b BejBRBMB xa4fl«i>aMB») C4yH£B4B aperpa40io ero. necTO- 
4io6BBbiMib 3aMbJC4aiii>, TO 04BBxii ofl-b coc4a4i>, 4pyriix'b yuepT* 

BB4'b, 04BBM'b CwlOBOM-b pa36B4'b B pa3ci>IUl> BCtxit CBOBX-b Bpo- 

TBBHBROBi, Basaa^aA Ba bxi> MicTa CBoax-b K4eBpeT0B'b a Boo6uie 
TBRBXii Ji04eii, aa "KOTopbixi) wLori> BB04ai> aojosKBTbCB. TosKeca- 
Moe C4'fc4a4'b OBb a co GjaBiiacRoio rBap4ieK), ROTopyio pacny- 
cTaa-b B paaciai-b ao cTpaat, BaaaBBb caiibix-b aaaHBTejbubix'b 
ua-b aeB 4B4B0CTeB a4u TaRBXT», KOTopbia eMy Kaaajucb aaa6o.i be 
ooacBbiMB, Ho TaKi* RaK-b co6b]Tiflt aaMB caerRa odpacoBaaabjn, 
ao4po6HO onacaabi MaorHHB aoHTeiiHbiMB BCTopaKaMH Toro epe- 
MeuB, Tu Mbi a ape4CTaBaai'b atRoropbiii ao4po6aocTB b31> aau6o- 
ate 40CT0Btpabix b a ooHTeaabix-b flucaTeaea. 

I16a'b*raSflB'b roBoparb, 4T0.He3K4y ra4»cB6oMi> ajb-Mocra- 
«B a FaaadoMb, BpaBaTe4eM'b Me4Baaue4a, cymecTBOBaja aeja- 
Kafl Bpa3K4a a BenpiflaBb. ra4a6i> 004b30Ba4CH rpoua4abiMb Baia- 
uieM'b a Bcer4a 4'bBCTB0Ba4'b BonpeRa a4b-Mocra<tHH a x'ibM'b no4pb(- 
Ba4i» ero aBTopaTexi*. A4b-lUlocra4»a »ca40Ba4CM aa to CBoaM-b co- 
TOBapamaafb, Bii3apaui>t ROTopue eiiy coBixoBadB BpauapaTbca ci» 
HBHT», a Be ycBJBBaTb Bpa3K4bi. Ajb-Maaaop-b, oflacaacb axi) apa* 
iiBpeaia, p'buiB4ca aaBBsaTb 4p>»c6y cb rajH6oMi> 44fl Toro, hto- 
6bi ci> ero bomouuk) oparoTOBBTb aa4euie 4Hca4>apa». ^ 

A4b-Maa3opy coe4BBBTbca ci> ra4B6oMi> y4a4oeb. Oux Boay- 
HHj-b HOBoe MicTO, rpa40Ba4a4bHBRa (\Yali-l-mediuab, praefectus 
urbi), crb ROToparo 6bi4'b oTCTaujeH'b a4b*Mocra<»a, BpoTasao cbo- 
euy ace4aHiio. HaRoaeub oai* no^yna^b aa4a4b€Tuo a aa4'b noju- 
uieio, 404}RBOCTb BecbMa no^eiayio a 3Ba4aTejbnyio. IlepBOio ero 



264 B. H. dlAMAHCK^rO, 

• 

3a6oToio 6biJo BCHRaro po^a ko3uhmh y^a^HTb ot'b a^b llocra4>a 
Bclx'b ero ;ipy3e& h yHHSTOHsuTb Bce ero sjrHHie, ocTaBaBi> bi» ero 
pyKaxi> TOJbRQ T-feHh BjacTo. BcerodToro oui Baoant AocrurhCh 
noiiomiio Taaada, KOTopufi corjiaciiJCA c*^ }ihmi> aory6BTb ^jb- 
Mocra^H. 

aAjb-Mau3opb HcapaBJflJi» cboki AOJiKUOCTb raKx xopoiuo^ 
«iTO rpaHc^ane Kop^oBCKie ae bm^^b ua Majiiiinieii apaqaabi co- 
HtaaiiTb upeHcaaxii rpaAouaqajLHaKax-b a HaaoBuaRax'b. BejB- 
Hanman Tamiiaa a DopiuoR-b uapcTBoaaaa wh ropo4tf 4'fcda npaBo- 
cy4ifl 0TapaB.ifl4HCb obicrpo. HecuoTpa aa to, oaii apo404»(a.ii> 
yxaacBBaTb 3a Faja^oMii a BcaiecKa 3a6oTajeii 0611 ero upiit3iiit. 
A4b-MoGra4>a, oiKpua-b 3aMbic4b]^aiAb-MaH3opay aaaaca^ii oacbyo 
ra.ia6y, npe44ara.i'b euy cbok) 4pyiK6y, a bt> cRptoJeaie a bi> 
siiaKi) ea npoca^'b pyaa ero 4oqepB aah Cbiaa CBoero OTMaaa. 
raau6b corjacBJca a npe4«Ao»ceBabifi dpaaii yace roTOB'b 6bi.i'i> 
coBepuiuTbCfl, KaKi> aab-Maasopik, e48a ydaaaii 06'b aTOuii, aana- 
caj'L VaAuOy^ BodCTaaoBviaa ero npoTiiB'h ^aca4»apa, B036y3ff4aa ero 
CTa|iyto ucaaBBCTb ki> ueuy a coBiiTya eMy ocreperaTbca ero Tail* 
Ubixi) aaMbicjoBb. Ou'b nouieab eme 4a.ite, yroBopnax po4CTBeH- 
URKOBb a 4py3efi FaiAada aanacaxb euy o6rh aioM-b ace aacbva. Fa* 
viaox, cKaoiiuBiaacb ua axi> npocb6bi a aaroBopu, posopBa^'b Bct 
cijouieaia cboii ci> 43Ka<i>apoa'b a 4o^b cboio, aeatcTy OTMaaa, Bbi- 
4aj'b 3aMyH<i> sa ajb-Mau3opa. GBa4b6a axi* 6bua arpaaa cb ae*- 
jaqaiiuiaM-b TopacectBou b a nbiuiuocibio bx 977 r. Heatcia i]pea;4e 
Bcero apaBeaeaa 6bijia bo 4Bopem>, 14^ BCTp'bTBJii ee caMb xa- 
•iH<i»b. TaKie auaKB aoHieuia euie ^o.ite yBeaawja cajy a ajiauie 
a.ib-MatiJopa ay4Boa4a 4UiMo ero nocjt40BaTejeii TaKi>, 4To4.3Ka« 
i^apii Bi* cpaBHeaia c i> aaM'b yace aanero ae 3Ba>iBJ'b. 

nCyAiawh aa3Ba4a.n. Faja6a aa 40jacaocTb ra4ac86a Cb ocra- 
BjeHieMi* 04HaR0 Bb dtoa 40J»«aocTa ^»ca«frapa, ROTopbifi, yrpa- 
TBBb Tenepb Bcaayio Ba4ea€4y aa aodUoacaocTb Ror4a 4a6o 0040- 
pBatb 3ua*iefiie CBoero apoiaBaaRa, opeRpaTaa-b yace BcaRoe co* 
iiporaBjtiHie B-b 4l>aaxii yapaBjeaia. BaupoTaBx Toro ajb-Maaaopi 
npoTaBo6opcTBOBa4'b eMy a Taiiao aoTRpbiTO, oTBjeRaa otl Hero 
nchxii ero npusepHveHaeBii a opHMaaaBaa ax'bBdbxi> bxcbok) nap- 
tIk). UaHoaeaii jSjiKa^api» 6bWh coBepiaeaao ooRaayTii tbohmh 
4py3baMa: yTpoMi a BeiepoMb xo4HJ'b 04Ba'b oo4Bopuy, aenojb- 



C^ABflBAXTi Wh MA^lofi A31H, Vh Aa»PHKtl H BX HCnABlB. 265 



3yflCb pimBTe^BHo npasaiiB CBoero aeaflifl, cTaeoiaro o^bbhii ny- 
cTbiMii asyKOMx. /JocmoUnoe HaKoamie aa y6iucmeo (Ub-MotedpM u 
sa eio cfnapcuiin nocadunih Ha npecmou^ rumoMaf 

Ajb-Maflaopx HaHa.!!) B036yH;4aTb FBrnaMa opoTUBx ajb-Mo* 
cra^B, ero A^Teii, po4CTBeflflBROB'b , 4py3eH b apoTBB-b Bctxi*, 

HMieUIBX'B O'BBM'b RaKifl Jb6o CBB3B« OtB flaXX 6hlAb ooTp'e6o- 

Banii ao4po6Bhifi orqerb bo Bcfexx rocy4apcTBeuflb]xi> cyiiMaxi), 

« 

iipome4iDBX'b <iepe3i» bxi» pyKB; no caMbiMx BB^TO»cflbiMi> ocuoBa- 

flifllTB BX-b 3aCTaBBJB yDJatBTb OrpOMBbia CyMMbI B TiiM-h 40Be4B 

Hill 40 coBepuieuBoM BBineTbi. TaK'b pasaopBji. ajb-MaBSopx ary 
MoryoiecTBeflBy^ oaMBJiio. njeMaflBBKii a.ib*Mocra4»B, no bmcbb 
TpniaM'By nepBbiH BCObiTa^'b aa ce6ti y»acBoe ero Hiueaie. drcftx 
iOfloma coBpoBo»c4aJi> ajib^Maaaopa bt> TpeTbeMX ero noxo4i> na 
xpHCTiaBT*; Ror4a no6'&4BTejb Bopoqajca Bit Kop40By ci» orpoM- 

UUMli R04BHeCTB0M'b XpflCTiaBCBBXlk TOJOBl*, Ba4'ibTblXX Ha OB.!- 
KB, RBRX Cb Tp04»eAMB no6'i>4bl, TO FBinaMli, nOXBTflBl) 04By B3'b 

dTBXii BajioKx, nocoimBJb bi Kop40Byy r4t b Bpe4CTaBBjicB cb 
HefO xaJB4»y apeHC4e cBoero aa^ajibBBRa. yaHaax 0611 btomx, a^b- 
MaHSopx 3aK«ifo<iBa'b ero bi> xeuHBuy, r4'i> noToui) ohi» b 6bUT> 
Dpe4aHi> cMepTBOB Raaflfl. BcKupi a 4Hca<»apa nocTBrja cy4b6a 
ero QjieMiiHBBRa. CoBepuieBHopaaaopBB'b eroa 40Be4B40RpaiiHefi 

61>;]H0CTfl TBRX, ^TO OUX DpBBy9K4eH'B 6bMX np04aTb CB08 40M'b 

B% PBCca<»a (in the Rissafab) , 04B0 q3t> Be^HRoaioBtiiinnx'B Kop- 
^oBCRBx-b 34aBiS, ajb-MaBsopx apec4'b40Baj'b ero bx Dpo40ji- 
HceHiH 46yx'b jiTift TO daKJK)«ieBieMx Bib TiopbMy, to 4pyrBMB 

Cpe4CTBaMB TBRX, JnrO OBIi HCBdfb TO npB 4B0p'Jb, TO BX ccrn.iKl>y 

no^TOBBuo o6peMeBeBBbi& ynjaToio 6b4binHX'i> cyMMi»; HaROHeii-b 
OR'b 4a>Re pacTpoB4CH Wh pa3cy4R'b b 6bMT> 6pouieB b bi> KplnocTh 
Aa-sarpa, r4'b b rob<9Bji» cboio HCBBBb, no 04HBii'b, oti 4aBBaro 
eny B4a, no 4pyrBAii», ei» tocrb b cTpa4aBifi. 

Do iiOB04y aToro Bec<iacTHaro BBaupa, aaropx BCTopB<iecRaro 
GOHHaeniii, no4'b uasBaabeMx: ccIlB'bTosabiH ca4'b« y40B0JbCTBie 
AAB yMB B pasBjeHeaie 4^h B30pa», roBopBTi>: aRor4a no npaHa- 
3aBiio ajb-MaB3opa, adb-Mocra^^a 6bMi> apecTOBaax b nocasKea-b 
Bii 04By B3i> KpiinocTefi Aa-Barpu, to 4py3bn b po4CTBeHB9RB, 
npoB04BB'b ero Ty4a, cTaaa npomaTbca cb hbmi> b co cieaaMa na 
rjaaaxx 0611MJB ero bx nocji'fc4Hiii paax. Oax cKasaji'b Tor4a bux: 



266 B. U. JAMAUCKArO, 

'r^pyaM, Bbi vh ooc4t4Hiii paa'b B84iiTe Meea wh hchbux^; apa- 
me^-b 4ac'b« KorAa Hcno4BHT€fl MoauTBa, 4ero a 3K4y GBi»iine boti. 
y»ce copoKi» jAvhi^. 4pyai>fl ero oosKe^ajB yjaaTb, mo to 6bua 
9a MOJHTBa. A4b-Mocra«i>0 paacKaaawiii uhii, KaRi wh npas^e- 
nie AH-Bacepa (A64yppaxMaHa 111), OBb 6bijii BRHOBaaKOMb 
saR^ioqeHifl bii teaiHuiiy o4Horo sejoBtRa* oeraBaBinaroca bx 
ueii o^eHb 404ro. «(04ua»c4bi uo^bio, roBopu4i> A4b-Mocra4>H« 
fl Cjibimy ^0 cat ro40C'b: 4cocbo6o4H raRoro-TO aai> reuaaiibi, a 
MajMmaa ero uojiaTBa o Te6'fa — 6y4eT'b acoo4aeaa». fl aoaauo- 
aawicfl H ocBo6o4BJ'b ero. npaaBaB-b ero R'b ce6t aa 40111'b, a paa- 
cRaaaa'B eHy CBofi coai* a noapoca^'b ero oovojaTftca 060 net. Ha 
aTo 0TBt«ia4'B OHii Mat : <ifl M04io Bora, qTo6bi Bcb BaaoBaaRa 
Moero aaR4i04eaia rob^bjb cboh) Hcaaab BikCaMofi CTpauiaoi Tea- 
BBU-fco. «Teoepb, 4py3bay b^tii coMataia, apBBi40 BpeMa hcboj- 

BBTbCa dTOfi H04BTBty TaRl> RBR'b B 6bl41> 04aBM'b BdTb BBBOBBB- 

ROBii ero aecqacTifly a xota B'b fl0c«it4CTBia pacRaajca/ao 6bMo 
yxce fl0340». 

Ajib-Mocra^fl yMepi* bi> RpiaocTB, rfejo ero 6bi4o OT4aao 
4py8bflM'b 44a norpe6eflia; c4'fe4yiouii& paacHasb aaaucTByeH'b y 
04aoro aai* RaraGOB'b a4b-MaB3opa9vBo MMeaa MoraHMe4a Hdaii- 
H3MaB4a. «04aaBC4U9 roBopaxi* oB'b, a coBpOBOHC4aj'b Moraa- 
Me4a EI6Hi>-Moc4eiia B'b Aa-aarpy, txaauiaro aa Ttjoa-b 4aca«apa 
H6Hik-0TMaBa ajb-Mocra<i»a , HTo6bi 0T4aib ero 4py3baMi> a po4- 
CTBeBBBHaM-by RBRi* TO 6bjjio opaRaaaflo a Jb - MaaaopoMii. Hu 
npauiJB Bi» ROMBBTy ooRoMuHKa a aaaiiAa ero Tpyoi* aa oocTejH, 

flORpblTblfi CTapblMT* BaopBaBHblM'b B4ameM'b, ROTOpblH BBRBUyj-b 

aa Bero 04aB'b aa-b RptoocTaux-b cTopoacefi. Ttjo ofiuu^a aa. 
4BepflX'b, ROTopua cBa4B cb aeTe4b wh 04aoH aax Rouaarb; 00- 
TOM'b noBe34a ero aa Rwia46ame« Bpa HevT* ae 6bi4b aaRorOt Rpo- 
Mt BMBMa B3'b Me^eTB, qBTaBuiaro Ba4'b aaii'b aorpefia^babia ao- 

4BTBbl» a Ttx'b B31» erO CblBOBeS, RQTOpbie Bl» TO BpeMB aaUMUCb 

€jiy4aHao bi» Kop40Bt. TaRoe apijame aacTaBB40 Meaa npaaa- 
4yMaTbca o aenocToaacTBi c^acTba; a BcnoMaa^'b, RaRi» 04HaaKAbi 
aa Moax'b r4aaax'b txa4'b Jhaa^aph ndrb cBoero 40Ma bo 4Bopeui» 
xa4a4>a, conpoBo»C4aeMbiii Muoro4BC^eBBoio tojboio po4CTBeuHii' 
ROB-b a 4py3eS. yaaabi a nwioiua4B, ao ROTopbiMi* oab upo4i3- 
aca4'b, 6bi4a aa6aTbi 4i04bMa acMRaro po4at rto aceja^ib opocio 



O CJABflHAXl B-b UAwlott A31H, Vh A«l»PHRtl H Bl HCDABIH. 2^7 

BflA'bTb' ero» RTo Bu^At no sero npocbtfy. fl cairfc 4epwaj% aa- 

nacKy aj^b aero, apo6HJCfl qepeai» Tojoy b npynmAif ee 04HOMy 

■3x ero'KaTB6oB^ bjb ceRpeTapeH, txaBmBX'b uoAA'b uero. Bcro- 

p'b Do&A'b Toro ajb - MaQ30p% craj'B BparoMi* ;l3iea<Mipa9 to 3a«- 

R^iOHa«i'b ero vh TeMHBuy, to neuajrh ero Ch co6oio bo act cboi9 

noxo4iki« o6pama4Cfl erh hbitb cb BejaiafiiuBirb opeapiBieifB, Ms'b 

• y^a^ocb, vh 04By b8^ aamaxib 9Keae4Hi|ifi b^ FajBiiifo, oocra-' 

BBTb CBoio najaTRy 0044*6 ^xca«MipoBoft. O^esb xopomo aoMBiOf 

saitb a4b - Maaaop'b 0T4a4'b apBKaai^ — HOHbio bi> aarepl BBr4'ik 

He aaaKBrarb oraefi, HTo6bi HeopiaTeab ae OTxpu^-b Haiueii do3b- 

lUH, B, Rjaeycb AwijiaxoM'B, n Bfl4i4i>, Ran-b ^»ca<i»ap% bo9B4€A 

Ch MajeHbRoio HcapoBHeio, 4obro apflTa4'b ee 004'b cBofi ajiaiu'b h 

pa34yBa4'b ea aefi oroub. fl BB4'ki'b 604*66, BB4'64'b, RaR-b OtaiaHX, 

CbiH'B ;|Hca4»apoB'b , Hec-b vb ero aa4aTKy 6o4binoe RopuTo Kpy-* 

naTwrofi uyRB, paaii'bmaHBofi b'b B04t '— e4BB€TBeflHafl oania! 

ROTopoio oTeii'b a cfdHi* y40B4eTBopii4B Tenepb CBofi ro4d4'b. fl 

C4biaia4'b, Tor4a roBopB4i» OTMaai*: aHanpacHO Tocayio a o oe^ 

pemtwb CBoefi y^acTa ; BBHcy -— uecsacTifl . opaxo4at'b ro MHi» 

TaR'b aipHO, RaRnb CBo6o4Hafl 4'6ByinRa aa uaaiia^ieBBbiB Benepi*. 

Kiflaycb A44axoM'b! npoxo4fl'rb 4HB9 a Meaa Bt^iao apec4'64yerb 

iibic4b o aameS aecnacTHoH cy4b6'6l 4Ba ueB3&rfaBBo npBB04Arb 

aa co6ofO pa4bi 6'b4CTBiS, 488, ch RoropbiMir npocrajBCb BcaRia 

pa40CTa a BcaRoe cnacTie. Ho^a, TaacRie sacu Roxopbix^ aa- 

RaRoe aaaflTie ae voacerb aacraBBTb 3a5biTb, a B'b Roropbie cavoe 

Bec^iacrie Moe ae Bib cajaxi* aanero BbuyuaTb 4<m tofo, <iTo6bi 

paacep4aTb Meflfl. Ho ^to xaaoe BC-b abb aania, aaK'b ae Tyna, 

opo4BBaioaua 4oac4b to bo 6jaro, to bo Bpe4i> aeHJit)). (II, 

180—185). 

KaR-b aa npacTpacTBbi Apa6cRiA aaaicTia o xapaRfepii 4,3Ka- 
«»apa, 04aaR0 Be4aqaBbitt odpas'b aToro aaMiHaTe4baaro veAoaiRa 
skbbo pacyercH n6pe4'b aaafa. HecMOTpa aa aa paacToanie 8*6- 
cRoJbRBX'b B'&ROB'b, oT4'64flioiiiax'b oro orb aacb, aa aa r4y6oRyio 
paaaaay Bamaxi* ci> aairb B^poBaaifl, rarii-to aeaoAbao ocraao- 
BBBibca oepe4'b axoi cxporoS, 3a4yM9aBoft 4aHBocTbi0 9 copoRi* 
jtrb H aa Bbicort ooqecTefi Tepo'kiaBO OHca4aioiaeB ce6i rob- 
■iBBbi Bb iipaHaofi TeiiBBiit, AC 4io6aaiefi ngjaiuaeil pocRoina a 
Be4BR04Loia, rop4o opeaapaiomefi uycTbia Batmaia u|>B4B^ia. 



268 , 'b. H. aAMAUCKArO, 

riepiibiii BH3Hpb, raA3KH6i>, 4Hca4»api> 4o6poBOJbiio oTsaahiBaeTcif 
3aHHMaTb nepBoe h^cto B'b costxt BB3iipe0, b ca^uTCfl ua paA> ea 
BcbMH. OiiBH'b TaKofi nocTynoKi) Bi> o6mecTBib AaiarcKOMX 06^14,- 
qaeT'b se^iOB'fcKa Heo6biRHOBeuHaro. Xoji04Hoe h BbicoKOM'bpuoe ero 
o6pameHie, HHorex^b oti» aero orfiflBaBmee, o6jHsaeTii xapaRTepir 
rop^ibift B HenpefcaouHbiS, BapoHeMi> acuo oduapyH^eHHbiS J^Hca- 
«i>apoMi> B Bi* caMOMii npeACMepTHO^'B npomaHiB eru Cb 4py3bfliHif. 
Ero noc.i'b4Hiii C40Ba bmii (hc BMteM-b uBKaKoii npif^Bubi He 40- 
BtpflTB dTony paacKaay): ^rrenepk apBOiJo BpeMa BcnojHHTbcii mu- 
jiBTB'fe: H 6bu^ odnuM'b um eimoenuKoeb eto HecHacfnin u xomn Hb 
nocArhdemeiu pacKaHjen^ ho 6b} ao yj/re noadolr* — «ipe3Bbma&uo 
aHaMeaaTejkHbi. Bi> hbxx cjbiuiua rjydoKaii CKop6h 6jaropo4H0H 
4yniB, ne y40B^eTBopAeMO& y4eHieMi> Kopaua, HucTbiM'b opoAB.te- 
HieM'b AaiaTCKaro 4yxa. 4aKa<i'ap'b 6bKii» Kor4a-To o4hbmi* h3t> 
BBHOBRBROB-b 3aKJio<ieuiii fi-b TeuHHuy 04Boro ueciacTuaro, h Borb 
04Haa€4bi HoqbK) BO cut oHik iMbiiOBT-b TO Joci> : aOeeo6odu no f«.fft 
mtMHuviM. u ecHKan MOdum^a eto meSib 6ydemb ycubtmanan. YaKic 
ynpeKB, TaRoH BRyrpeBHiB rojocb b 6bicTpoe BcaojiHeHie ero siiy- 
meaifi aaaROMATX Bacb cb cep4iieMi» ^Hcad^apa, HecTHbiMi* R*»iio- 
6fliiiiiM'b, HTO BopoqeMii BB4aTb yHce b b3i> BhsKifaro ero o6paiue- 

flifl C% adb-MaH30p0M'b, DOCTOUHHO CrpOBBIOBM-b K03MB npoTBB-b 

aero b Hanocjii40R> ORoasaTejibHo ero nory6BBmBMi>. MejiostRb 
TBep4oii Qp.iB, fltHcaaro cep4ua, ^Hca^^api 6bij'b pa36opHflBi> B-b 
cBOBxii cpe4CTBax'b B ae c<iBTa4i> nd4o6uo ajb-Mauaopy, aroMy 
TBDBHecROMy Apa6y-Mycy.ibMaiiRiiy Xb., 3a> to b CTOJb jio6HMOMy 
B nonyjflpBOMy, ami 40CTB'iKeHiii udLia BCAKyio Mispy 403Bo^ieu- 
HOK). <cI]6H'b - Faiaai) roBopaT'b, <ito Me»c4y ra4iKfl6oMi», ajb- 
M#cra<frB fl rajB6oM'b, opaBBTejemx Me4BHauejB, cytueeTBoeaja 
Be^BRaa BpaHC4a a aeapiBaab. I'ajad'b ao^ib3oBajca orpoaiBUM'b 
BwiiflaieM'b b Bcer4a 4'feficTBOBaj'b BoapeRB ajb-]Mocra<»B, a TtM^ 
ao4pbiBa4'b ero aBTopareT'b. A.ib-Mocra<»B BcajoBajca ua to bb3h- 
pflM'b, CBOBMi* TOBapauiaifb, KOTopbie coB^TOBajiB eny DOMuparbca 
Cb BBifb, a ae yca^BBaxb Bpa»C4bi. Ajb-Maaaop^, ooacaacb bxh 
apBHiRpeaia, pimajcii aaa/laaTb 4pyHc6y cb rawiR6oMi> 4Jfl toio, 
«iTo6bi Cb ero BOMomiio nparoTOBBTb na4euie 43Ka<i>apak>. 

Mbi BB4BMi> o6pa3*b 4'bficTBiB, coBepaieaao apoTaBynojoxcubio 
ajb-Mau3opoBy. Tor4a eiue voryuiecTBeaabili , JSjAiA^sifh ue bm- 



O CJIABMUAXli B'b MAJIoil A3tU« Wh A4»PIIK'B H 6X HCIlAHIM. 269 

\ 

Taexcfl o4HaKo yuepTBHTb Tajeda; ohi> Hiuerb aaKOHHbix'b oyTeii 
H majiyeTCH cboiim-b TOBapHuiaMi» BnaupaMii. BmiiCTo toio, 4To6bi, 
uaup. OTpaBHTb TajHda, ohi> npocmx ^^ji CBoero cbiua pyRB ero 
ito4epH. Aab'-MaHsop'b, ueiicToiuHMbifi aa xHTpocTH h KoaBB, paa- 
cTpauaaerb Dpe4nojOHceuHyio cBa4b6y 'cpc4CTBaHu caMbiMu ue- 
HucTbiuu. HcTopHftB, cTOdb ABHo ue diio6HBiuie ajb-Mocra^H^ ee 
apeMHHyjM obi paacRaaarb o tomim ec4B 6b] ohi> jsiAcTB»TejkhHo 
ouTa4'b KaKie-HB6y4b 34ocTHbie aaMbicjbi DpoTHBi> a4b-MaB3opa, 
KOTophiii 6u B caM-b ue yHOJinaA-h o iibxi> b uenpeMiiuuo nocra- 

BH4T> ^id BX1> Ha BRATi, 3aK4IO<iafl ^HCa4>apa Bli TeMHBUy. H'bT'B, ^ 

oii-b o^BBHfleri) ero bi* pacxBiueaiB rocy4apcTBeuHoii RaaHbi. To»ce 
roBopBT'b a4b -• MaRapB b ot'b ce6a. TtBi'b ae Hea'be y aero sKe 
HRTaenii: ctajib-Maaaop'b CTSA^h BoacTaaoB^aTb FBiaaBia npoTBBi> 
ajb-Mocra4»B^ ero 4tTeg, po4CTBeBBflROB'b, 4py3efi b npoTBBi» 
BC'kx'b, BarfcBiiiBxi> €i> BHMi> RaRia-jiB6o cHooieaia. Oti* Baxi» 6bU'b 
noTpe6oBau'B D04po6Hbifi otsbti* B7> ro€y4apcTBeBBbixi> cynMaxx, 
apoaie4uiBxi» Hepe3i> bx'b pyRs; no coMMMb HtinmootcHbiM^ ocHoea^ 
KiHMb^ Man» ^acmamuu ynMimumb tocydapemeeuHMH cyMMbi u mibMb 
doeedu do KpaiiiuA Huu^emhvy. 

OdHaROMBBuiBCb TaRBMi* o6pa30Mi> Cb xapaRTepoHi) ^aKa<i»apa, 

Mbl Beo6x04BMO npBX04BM'b R'b BODpOCy: CblAlt 4B OBli r4aBHb]Bll> 

a e4BU€TBeBabiH'b BRBOBBBROMi) y6ificTBa a4b - Morefipu , 4fl4B 
remaMOBa? a a4b-Maa3opi>, co6cTBeBBopyqBo yMepTBOBaiiii aab* 
Moreapy, 6bijii» 4i| TojbRo npocTbiMii opy4ieMii 43Kft<>>apa7 Gopa- 
Be44BB0 4fl HaRoaeuii BocRjuuaaie a4b-MaKapfl bjib jy^iuie Hdai*- ' 
Baccana npa paacRaai o ae*ia4Luoti cy4b6t 4Hca4»apa, nocTarmefi 
ero Bi> c4'fc4CTBie npoacROBi* aJb^Maaaopa, «40CTofiBoe HaRasaaie 
3a y6iSeTB0 aab-Morefipbi a 3a ero CTapaaia aoca4BTb aa npe- 
cT04'b raoiaMalv 

BipoBTBo 4B npa r^x'h €B'ib4'kBiflX'b9 ROTopbiMB Mbl pacoo4a- 
raeiTb o Jt}Ka<i»api, <iTo6bi obi> ftbu-b r4aBRbiMi> a e4HBCTBeHHbiM'b 
BiiHOBBBROM-b cMepTB a4b-MoreBpbi? ^0 aa£'b 4ome4'b 04Ba'b pad* 

€Ra31> (bC 40BipHTb ROTOpOMy B'ferb flBRaROrO OCHOBaaia), O TOM'b, 

KaRTi roMtnAB B B04BOBa4B JlfliSk^apa yrpbiseaia coB'fecTa aa to* hto 
6biJii> BBBOBBBROM'b B 4aa€e ue e4UBCTBeRBb]M'b, aaRJUOseaifl ffh 
TenBiiuy RBRoro-TO 6fc4aaRa; RaRi* oub 404ro ue Mori> , 3a6biTb 
aroro, aaKoaeub, caH-b bcbombbbii o6'b aTOM-b QOcryaRi, 0CB060-* 



270 1. ■• JAVAHCRArO, 

4iijii> Toro Hec«iacTRaro h31» TeMBHabi, pyROBo/ifiCb vh aroMi* cjiy- 
saii 04Hifii'b B^eieHieii'b caoero cepAOa b, iipH3BaBi> ero rx ce6t, 
apocBJ'b noHoaBTbCfl o Heifb, vh toH yeikpeBHOCTB, hto no^BTBa 
ocBo6o9KAesBaro ^M'b Bec«iacTHaro aenpeuiBBO 4ott4eTi> 40 Bora. 
Ho BiycyuMaacRaB irfcpa s-b cy4b6y BocnaTaja ero a oh-b repot- 

JBBO Wh 1ip040JBCeBia COpORB jtrii BUBCB4ae'rb B€D04BeBifl T08 

crpafliBofi noJBTBbi, y6iBC4eaBbiil TaR%: «H pacRaajca, ao 6biJo 

yaae 00340.» Ecjb Apa6cRie acTOpBRB copaBe4JBBf»T» yBipaa, «fTO 

aecnacriB, ero BOCTaraitii^ 40CToilBO a opaBe4Bo RaaBBdia ero 3a 

ydiiicTBO ajb^Moreiipbt , to RaRairb o6pa30Hi» caM'b ^aca^^apb* 

cTOJb Tpe6oBaTe4bflbiH R'b ce6'6, ae pacRBBBajiCB flepe4'B cttepTbio 

vh y6iftcTB'fc aJb-Horeapbiy ^aca^^api, RoTc^aro Tepaaaa MbicJb, 

Hto 0B% nooycTRwi'b aaRwiKHiBTb vh TeuflBQy RaRoro«To aeaaatcT- 

aaro, iiajo Baaoeaaro? KpoBb Tpe6ye'rb apoBa, b coBepiaaBb ape- 

cryn:ieBie 04HaHC4bt, qexeBtaii aa aeirb ae ^cTaiiaBdiBBaeTCBt a 

B4erb 4ajibaie. DojoaeflM'b, "ito ajb-Mocra^a coaepiuaji'b aro npe- 

CTya jeaie yHce vb apeR.ioBBbixi» jtTaxi>, a ae oBpaB4biBaeifoe ero 

iipe4'bM4yBaaMB aocTynRaiiB, ero npeacaeio xcaaaiio, obo Morjio ae 

BMiTb BBRaRRX'b ope4me€TByfomax'B npaa^poBii, ao yme aa bi» 

Roea^ Gjiy^a*b se^baa 40DycTBTb, «ito6u obo Morjio ocraTbCB mb 

4^a«(apa 6e8rb aeaRBX'b flocjit4CTBifi. IIjia>6bi aajioono eiiy raace- 

jtbtwh RBMaearb aa rpy4b, — bo Toro airii a 6^1^40 b^ Dpe4CMepT- 

aoMii ero apomaaia ci» 4py3bHMa, Ror4a oe-b rpoMRo RaeTca bi 

GBoax'b -rptxax'b a dea'b ponora ooaopaeTca cy4b6iy aoTopai 6e3- 

ycJOB^RO Btparb, rbrib acTbifi ■ycyjbMaaaa'b, — B4b xce (vro ro- 

pa840 ecTecTBeBaie o»CB4aTb orb acBRaro cb jbuare, TsepAaro xa- 

paRTepa, RaRam aaap. o6jia4aj'b a ^aca^ap-b) coBepiaeaaoe aai 

opecTynjieBie paSBBjio 6bi vh bbm'b aeyTOManyio BsasK4y npojaria 

BOBoS RpoBB, BO TaROBi* JB ero o6pa3'b 4tS€TBiH CA rajiadoHx h 

ajib-Maaaopoirb, , ero noryiaifB opoTBBaaRaMa a aaRJBTbiMa Bpa- 

raaa?^ — Hyaeao .aa « 4aB€e bobmohcbo jb npe4CTaB4flTb ce6i ajb- 

Maaaopa RaKam-To 6eBM0wiBBbiM'b opy4ieM*b 4,Bcaoapa? RaRBMi»TO 

Tyouirb, cja6biirb -a aepacoopfl4BTejibBbArb qejoBiROH'b, roto- 

puil 4JB Raac4aro iioaaro mara ayBC4aevcfl bi* aoBbix-b opaaaaa- 

HiiiR'b? Ii6Bi»-Baccaii'b roBoparb: n^^aca^iap'bDocntaiaooTBpaBfij'b 

'MoraMMe4a cb ^acTbio Bofieaa bo 4Bopeii'b . ajib^Morefipbi crb ooBe- 

jtaieii'b ywepTBBTb ero. HdaiiTAda-AMBp-b aacTaj'b ero a^bcoeep- 



O CJABflUAl% Wh MAJOii AdIH, BT A#PilR« II B^ HCnAHIII. 271 

nieiiHoH HenaBtcTHOCTH ua cqer-b Beero cjy«iBBinarocA. Ou'b ysi- 
40MH4i» ero o CMepTH 6paTa h o BCTyoaeHiH aa apecTojii> ero nje- 
MAUHHKa rHmaua. A4b-Morefipa , rjy6oRO iiopaxceHBbifi dToio 
8'fecTbio, CRaaaj'b oAtiaRo: «fl Cwiymaiocb npHRaaaHiii Moero ho* 
Baro aoBejBTedian. He anan^ kok^ nocmynumb^ M^Hfi^A^u-AMup^ no- 
ejoM fmcbM9 Kb /faHiO^apy^ ysfbdoMJiHH ew 060 eceMb u ootcudan €to 
dnjoMnAumxb npuKOdauiU. Omsihunfi tffru» CMhdyiotniii: ^xeanmmb u 

m 

yMepmeumb eio, efuu Mce mbi He uenodHuiub nopyHeniH, h noutjuo dpy- 
taiO»: «ajb-Moreipa 6bMi> ySarbxi — npHdaBjaeTb H6H'b-BaccaMi», 
Koue^uo a4b-MaH3opoMi>, ROTopuH ptuiHJCii ea dTo y6ificTB0 bo- 
apeKH cBoeuy HcejaHiio, no hhctoS ueo6xoMMOcTH, aa'b 6ob3hb 
ocjymaTbca A?Ka<»apa. C^t^oBaTejbHO bch Baaa aToro npecTynje- 
Bin na^aerb Ha ajb-Mocra4»B, a.ib-Maaaop'b 6bM'B vh dTOM'b cay* 
<ia4 ero noftopabun-b ciyroio, ero 6ear jacHUifB opyjieMx. OaiiAa* 
»ce DpoTHBBjcfl BTOMy opecTyojieHiiO, ua cROJbico uorb, Me4JHj'b 
iio4HHTb pyay na ajb-Blorefipy, pacTporaaaufi , oocjaa'b 4a3Ke 
JlaKa4»apy Daei>Mo,'B'b Ha^eHc^'k yMH^ocTHBHTbapaaffiajofiaTb dTo- 
ro iiopo4Baro, aaaro qeJioB^Ra, <iTo6bi yMUTb no RpaftaocxB cbob 

pyRH H OHBCTBTb CBOIO COB^CTb. 

Do Bceil BtpoATHocTH BJib-MaRapH noBTopaerb H6H'b-Bacca- 
na, Ror^a BoeRjanaerb cb 6jaropo4HbiMi> Hero^OBanidM'b o ^»ca- 
«api: 9idocmakHO€ HOKaaoHM da y6iUcmeo oM^Moteiiphif , 

Bo npaB4BB0 jb oto CRaaaaie? xaROB'b jib dbu-b AificTBBjejb- 
HO aJb-MaHaopi}, cTpacTHuii, 6bicTpbiii h ptoHTe^bHutt, ae ocTa- 
HaBJBBaBuiiHca na noJiAopor'fe, oe po6'bBmiA hh nepeA'B RaRBifb 
aaoAificTBOMTi, jmnib 6bi ^octBHb cBoeS uija? Ho 6biTb MOHcerb^ 
a omafiaiocb a aenpaBBjibHo noHBMaio axoro aaaffc^aTeJbnaro A^a- 
Te4a, wUoCBMifimaro repoa BcnaucKaxi* Apa6oBi>. 

4o3B, jyqniifi vh nacTOamee apeua anaTOR-b acTopin Mycyjb* 
aancRofi Hcnaaia, botb^ RaR'b pncyerb aiB-Maaaopa : «dan8 le 
quatri^me aiecle deTH^gire (X b. no P. X.) no seul bomme parvint 
non seulemeut k frapper d* impuissance le khatife, son maltre, 
mais a reoveraer sinon la noblesse , du moips les nobles d'alors. 
Get bomme, qui oe reculait devant aucune Iftchet^t. devant aucun 
crime, devant aucun meurtre, pourvu qu'il arrivat an but de son 
ambition ; cet bomme, profond politique et le pins grand g6niral 
de son temps, Tidole de Tarm^e et du peuple, celuique la fortune 



272 B. H. JiAMABCKArO, 

favorisait dans toutes les occasions ; eel bomme c'6lait le terrible 
premier ministre, le Hidjib de Hisbam li, c'^taii AlmanzorA. 
(p. 2-3). 

npe40CTaB4Aio cy4HTi» deaapacTpacTBOMy qHTarewiio* oocrynaio 
ae A RpBTHqecRHy coBepineBBO uTBepraii p.ascfcaa'B I16Hi**Baccaaia, 

RaRl Be T04bR0 Be DpaB40n0406HblB, BO B COBepnieBBO OpOTflBO- 

p'bHauiiii BceMy, vro BaB'fccruo aaMi* o6ii ajb-UaB3opt b o 
^Hcad^api. 

HdB'b-A/iapB, fla cROwibSO BaMb BSB-fccTeBi* ero pa3CKa3i> h3i> 
nepe4a<iB >^03b, rosopBTb: ano4aBii 6bKii» coBtr-B yuepTBBTb &ji»- 
Morettpy. CoB-ibrb 6bi4i» opaHBTii ^»€a<i»apoMi>. Aub-JUcmaapji eaJM 
ebisecucH yMepmeumb tw u dthiicmitufneAbho yMepmmun drndnaw khmh^ 
ewfi HUH€fo He andsmaw o cjKepmic eeoeio Spatnan. 

34'fccb BB4UMi>, 4T0 oepBafl Mbicjb o6i> }6ificTB'fe ajb-Morcfipbi 
po4R.iacb Be y 43Ka4»apa. K'ibMb Hce 6bida no4aHa ara ubic4b? yam* 

Be a4b-MaBaopOMl> jib* ROtOpuM CaMT» XCe B BblBBBJCB y6HTb KBB3B? 

Bto H3B'bcTie ropa34o 6oj1>e noxoxce Ba apaB4y9 stirb II6Bi>»Ba€- 

CaMOBOf YOTII npB HTCbIb ero BeBOJbBO pOHC4aH>TCA fl R% coBcajt* 

fliio ocraioTCA 6e30TB'tTBbiMB Boupocbi — HTo 40 ccro BpeMeBB Air- 
AaA-h a4b-MaH3op'b? ocTaBaaca ah wh Dpa34BocTB? aBa4i» jr oH'b 
o cyuiecTBOBaBiB uluofi oapriB bi> Kop40B'b, AepiKaBuieiica aJb-ASo- 
refipbi? upe4yra4biBa4i> ab obi» ojaBbi npoTBBBBROBi> rBniaMa» 
TaRi>. RaRi» ero BOSBbimeuie Baia^ocb euie apB ajb^-FaReiffc? . 

A6y-3eu4i» A64yppaxMaBi» H6Bi>*MoraHMe4ii I16B'b*Xaj4yB'B 
(ISSSf t406 r.), ApadcRin BCTopBRi>, o codbiTiaxii no cMepTB 
aab-faReHi^ pa3CKa3biBaeT'b aicKOwibRo BBa«ie. □oBTopBM'b ero cjo-* 
aa, Depe4aBaeMbia bbmi^ RounajaiopoM-b a^ibrMaKapa : «no cMep- 
TB xajiB«»a ajb-Maasopift caii> Bbidsajca a yMepTBBJi'b ero 6paTa 
adib-Morefipy, 6biBuiaro niaBoio oco6oii, cflJbBofi napTia Brh Kop- 
40Bt. Ce noMOUiiito /fofca^apa^ FaAuffa u CAaenncKUXh deopt^Mx^ 
eenyxoet^ HanoAbHUKaMU Komophixh m mo epejun 6biAU 4^aiUiKb n JIoko- 
dapi&^ Hepeab dea dun cnycmn no cjnepmu OAb-roKtMa MotOMMedn 
yjuepmeuAb oAb^MoteUpy «b ew co6cms€moM9 drnpup^ u FuiuaMt 6bUfi 
npoeodfAcmeHu xcuufioMb 6e^b MaAnMmato conpomueAeniHi^. 

34'fecb yace npnuo BbicrynaeTi* ajb-Maasop'b r^aBBbiUfb 4^0- 
Tejeifb RpoaaBoii 4paMbi; 4io6onbiTBo a to, «ito 34'fccb b 4*aiiHR'b 
R 4'^04api», 00 RpaiiBOCTB 4pyrie C.iaBHae aBjaioTca cTopoBiifl- 






CJABAHAll Bli MAJOli A3IH, Bk A^PPUR-B M Bb HCHAUIB. 273 

KauH rumaMa, aa oauo ch 4,acaoapoiii», ROTopbiii Tyrb TojbRo do- 
HoraeTi> ajb-Uauaopy. 

KaR'b 6bl TO UH 6faiiA0, DpUBeAeHHblX'b MUOK) HaBtCTlfi 40- 

cTBTu^uio, <iTo6bi ypaayiffeTb Heo6xo4HMoeTb co6paTb Bcib iio4^hb« 
«bia BaB-bciiii o6'b btbxii co6biTiflX'b oepepadoxaTb axi» RpuTtt* 
"lecRH; Tor4a, 6f»iTb MOHcerii, eiue acute Dpe4CTaueTi> to Be^iuicea 
yqacTie* ROTopoe apRHnuawi'b ajb-MaBaopik bo Bcibxi* 9iavhc66bv- 
riax'b, H cxaflerb eiue ooujiTHie, hto 4Hca4>api» U6 6bjA'h b He 
Mon» 6biTb rjaBBbiM-b H oepBbiM'b BaHOBUBROMi» y6iiicTBa ajb-Mo* 
reapbu 

' A4b-MaRapH aaaMBaerb ero CuaHMHUHOMn. Ero paa^aA'b ch 
4»a&HROirb B «4»co4apoafi» ae MosKerb CJy^iiTb 40Ra3aTewibCTB0M'b 
iipoTBBii GjiaBBBCRaro ero apqrBexo»c4eBia, Ero opBBaaaiiHocTbKb 
n64HBBUieMy ero aoRofiROMy xa^iBoy B BCTeRaBmaa 6biTb stoHseY h 
«rb opBaHaTeJbBOCTH r-b omy B^pBocib ero cuHy Mor^n 6biTb 
BecbMa y4o6ubiHB crpyaaMB, 40bro daAhvh Rotopbia aji^*MaB3op'b 
jerRo uorb Bo^pyucBTb ero npoxBB^ 4pyruxit CLiaBflB'B, ROTopbie 
B-b na4eH€4t uoBbix-b uonecTeH, yHce ^biTb Mo^KeTii o6istuaBUbJX'b 
ajb-MoreSpoK>^ TaRHce jerROMorJB cTaTbapBBepHceBuaMRuocjt4* 
uaro. Ha a^b-Moreiipa< hb ajb-Maaaopi^ He MorjB ocraBaTLca 
npocTbiMB apBTeaaMli bi» aoc4'b4uie ro4b] uapcTBOBaeia ajb-FaRe- 
MOBa, 8 Torb e 4pyroS RoueHuo BCRa.AB ce&l npBBtipxceHaea'b sh 
ciyBCBBOiBX'b opa 4Bop'b Cjaaaaax'b, rbr^ jio4BX'b npHdjiiHcenabixi 

B BrpaBlDHX'b BeJBRyH) pOJIb Vh 4B0pil0BbIlL'b BHTpuraX'b. yCHjJH 

aTBxii 4Byx'b 4fla'b» Rpoirb 4pyrBX']i o6cToaTeabeTBi), ^erRoocxaB- 
uiBXCB HaHT> BeaaB-fccTHbiMB, 6biJ0 40B0JbU0y qTodbi upoB3BecTfl paa- 
4opi> Bi> C^aaaacRoi CTopout. TaRRM'b odpaaoMii Hfcrb HHRaRuii 
Beo6xo4BifocTfl apaaaaaaTb 4.aca«i>apa CaaeHHUHOMb ae a-b co6- 
cxaefluoirb cubicjt, a aanp. HtMaeurb bjb 4pyrBM'i>RaRHftrbEBpo- 
aefiafearb. 

Ero HHOCTpaaaoe npoBcxo3K4epie r ero EaponeficRaa uaxypn, 
npoABJ[aH>iitaflcii B-b ero nocxynRaxii a o6pa3t 4tiicxBi&, y4a<iHo 
o6'bflCBflfoxi» a onpaB4biBafOT'b, aecMOxpa hb ero aejiBRia 400x0- 
BHcxaa, xy aeiipiaanb a xo Bpa9K4e6Hoe ri> aeMy pacaojoHceuie Apa- 
(ioB-b, qxo xaR'b ptdRo nopaacaioxii aacv a opa qxeaia o ueH'b ox- 
3biB0B'b Apa6cRax>. nacaTedeii a opa Mbicja xofi oony^apaocxa, 
Roxopaa ORpyaca^a cqacxjaaaro^ BoaucxBeuaaro opoxaBUBRa ero 

yn. 3An. — cji. 18 



274 B. B. JAMAUCRArO, 

ajb-Maaaopa, KOTOfuft nfeBOcxQ/mJ^ ero bi> 4^^^ paTBpm*, ho 
4ajieRo ycTyaaxb euy h wh djaropoACTsi a wh yueTBeaHOMii o6pa- 
aoaaBiH u wh caoco6HocTAX^ roey4apcTBeBBbix'6. ^fcficTBBTajbHO 
^acacfrap'b a^b-Mocra4»B Be to4i»ko o6ja4a3'VvBi»iGORHli'b noariiMe- 
CKBu-b TajauTOMi* B BO 0BB4iTejibC7By eaicBX'B ApadoB'B 6uji» 04* 
BBM'b Bail .lyHOiBX'b BOdTOBib AB^ajyaifl \ BO B OT4B«iaJCa fleo6blK- 
BOBeHHbiui> rocy4apcTBeBBburB yMOMi». Pa6i> » BBOCTpaBemi, oht» 
40CTuri> BfucujBxi* flOHecTett b B^eiiaTpB aa bcio aauodoBB KhBemj 
Bapo4a, 4ep»ca jcii aa BueoTt opa rpexi* rocy4apBX'b: y M'Li'b, ava- 
HBTT, ctaTb Heo6xo4aMbiin». Ilpa A64yppaxMaBtllI(t961 r.)OB% 
ynce najb30Ba.iefi Tasofo BJiacTbio* hto marb aaa^HiHaTb rb TeMH^- 
ny; TOT*iaci» no ero caepTBy efo npeenfltf&OBiii oaii 6bLi'b aasHa- 
seui* B'b nepBiiie MBflHCTpbu Bi> KattoaoM!fc aBaaiB ocTaaaJca OH'b 
BticoTopoe BpeMa b opa cuftdoui FauiMfb, a 4aBcet aepBoe Bpeai a 
C'b ycndbxoiTb 6opo4Cfl cb oaaeabiini cbobbiii. iipoxBBflBROMi> a<«b- 
Maaaopoifb. IlecbBia aipoflTBo, htih noc4i4B6iiy no61sj^ 6foua 06* 
jerqeaa yaceocjiadjeBieM'KCwiaBaBcico&cTopoBbi. Do86y4BBib ^^a- 
4>apa, rofiopBTX Ii6B'b-Xa44yH'b, BpoTBBTb C4aBaB'b, cjyataBinnx'b 
npii 4Bopt, a4b-MdB3opii Bbiraaj-b bxi». Bi*ixi> as^ 4Bopiia« nora 
Bxi* 6bi40 6o4le BOChMB coTb >iejoB'bR%. B^B-b^-Eaccam* paacica- 
dbiaae^'bt hto OB-b pacnycTB4'b C4aBaB0Ryio rBap4iK> a paBcbjij-b 
ee 00 cTpaaii, Raaaaa^ caMUX'b 8BaqBTe4bBbix7» aaa> aea 4am \ 



1, AH4a4y3CBitt. ApafivHOmCasK-b, nepe^wojui aaoiyra OMHn% eoonrene- 
CTBeBHnKork bii JHTeparyp'b ■ bi» npocB-BmeHiH, ■> jtOKaaaT&4&CTBO roru, <ito ohm 
HiicKOJbKO He BMMce Apa6oBii AaificKHxi* h A^pHKaacKHXii. memAj npoi'miii aas't- 
qaeri*: aOTQOCiiTejbiio noaroBii iiOBOJbBO o>iBoro Hfin-b ^appa/iacb Ajb-KacTajH, 
•iToi^u AoeraBHTb Havib tejnusjK} ^ecrb; ho hto tu cKaatemb, ecjB npsBecTii rasia 
aHaiieBBTua Hveiia, Kavosu ^bfoafiapa IKkh OmMona aJUb^PadoKuifa, Azue^a fl[6fl^ 
MepBaBa..«o (AI-MakJkari 1, 1Q0). 0'ij4(MaeeTnB«0M% Bicyc'b.4KaiMpa BBBiAtoaib- 
cTBjeTii ero 4Bopem», ojIho aa-b BejBKOJtQatttiuBX'b sAauift BioKpecTuocms^Kop- 
40Bbi, aoAi> uaaBaaieMii AAbMocia0iH. Obi» (Suji* OKpyaceui* BejiHK04^HbiiiH caiAaMB, 
ci> rporaMB, <»OHTaBaHa b np. (Al-Makkari, I, 212, 489). 

2. Hai* BbiinenpBeeAeBBbix'b cjobi* HOai-AAapB (no 4o3h) bb4bo, ito aJib- 
Mausopi* He Bcbxii CjaoHB-b paaoraajiii: orojo oATBcorb neJOBtK'b CMaaHJi* obi aa 
cboid cTopouy a ua3Ba<iBXb aifb 6oraToe co4epBKaBie. CjyqatlBO b MBMoxoAOM-b yno- 
■KiiaeTCJi y ajb-MaKapM o Tuc^qt CjaBBB-b, oayXHBtimrb bo 4B0piit ajib-HaBsopa 
Aaraai'jipay Koroparo b« aa^o cM^untaaTb ch jtBopncvb AlSi4yppaxMaBa III Aa-aarpa. 
(I, 243-244. Cm. rajii Ke 1, 133—134. Taswa 4oaii: Eecli. 1, 28). 



O CwlABflHAHIb Wh VAJOS A3tH, fit* A^MK'fi N B^ HCHAHIH. 275 

VIII* Ueitta^uo RapaA cuonx-fc cenepBiiKOBi>, ocTaBJjm bk 
ttOKtkt oAuaxiy ejaGbii-b h 6eaoaacubix'fc evy BejbiioHci>, ajE-MaH- 

aopi* 6blwll» HaCTOAlUBMli 1LaJB<frOH^, ILOTfl B Ha3blBaJCil TOJbRO 

nepi«bivi» VBHficTpoii'b rBtaana II, ^mhhocth hb<itohchoh, c^iafio- 
^yiDiioii. Do CMepTB ajb-Manaopa (f 1062 r.) cbieii ero A6AyA' 
iui.aeKTi 9s^ijnmjn» ero irfccrro npB rumauii II, RoropbiS ae BSMt- 
Hiiau cefi'fe HH Bpfl mtwh^ bh no CMeprB ero (f 1008 r.) npB ero 
(Sparfc, A6iiyppamaHt. BroT-b oocj-bABiH Aaace npaHyABJii rnma- 
■a BaBHa^wTb ero cbobmi* oJ^eMBBRoirb, na hto' h ne aaiiejiJM.io 
Boeaocji'MoBaTb Bbieo<ialnice paap'feaieBie xajB4>a, KOToparo 6bijio 
6t»i BecnpaBe^^BBo ynpoRatb »a R^jiHOiBioio TBep40CTb vi iiacToS^- 
<»BOCTb. B^ Hoa6pi 1008 r. A€4yppa%Haa^ npnaaj'b aBanie na- 
cj'fc4HRKa. Taaaa acfepa ae apaBHjiacb MHornii'b BbieuiBM-b canoBBH- 
aaiTb a j«iiaMi» npB>iaopabiM'b. Oco6eHBO ace Bero40BajB Oaiuaa- 
Abi H KopauiiaTbi. Oaa^ cocTaaajia sMnroBop'b a, ffb'1009 r., Ror4a 
AojyppaxMaa'b aaxo^Bjica b% 00x04*^, OBjia4tjiBxa4n(i»CRBH'b4Bop- 
uovb vh K<>p40b1 h npoBoarjacBjiB ra47KB6oMii MoraMMeja, cbiiia 
ramaMoaa, npaBHyaa A64yppaxMaHOBa, 04floro iia-b ootomkobx Kop- 
AoaeRBX'b xa^ia^OB-b. Oa-b dbi^fb npoaBan-b MoraMMe40M'b a.ib- 
Mar4B, 

A64yppaxiiairb, *npB oepBOH'b naB'beTfe o cjy<iBBmeMca, Bep- 
nyjca a 3% ootOAa, ao BOfleRo ero aoRaay^fo. Oai* 6bi.i'b cxBa<ieHT» 
a y6Brb. 

04aaRo ajb-Mar4a ae 'y40B0JbCTB0BawiCfl SBaaieMii ra4»CH6a, 
3aRaM>4aj'b FamaMa Bib oT4ajeHH'bi]iuienoKOH4Dopua, pacnycTu.i-b 
cjyvii, qro oat» yMepi> a caa-b opaaa^'b aBaaie xajiii«t»a a BMaaa. 
«Bi» ^aejl; ero nepBux'b pacBopaaceaifi. roBoparb ajb-MaRapa, 
6bLio Dpaaaaaaie cxaaTarba aaaaaTb r^aBaMoiaxii jbdhv, irpaaaA*- 
^esRaBBiax'b ri» napTia AifBpB40B'b». 

Bep6epbi, ae JiotfaBfliie A64yppaxMaaa, oxotbo a cRopo nepe- 
4a4BCb Ba cTopoBy ajib-Mar4a. 04BaR0 0MMafl4bi ne aorja ace 
3a6biTb. 4TO Bep6epbi Cbua rjiaBatfiaiBMa noeodnaRaMa a.ib-Mafl- 
3opa a ero cbiaoaefi. AMBpB4bi ace otii 4yuia BeBaBB4'fejia ax-b a, 
e€»ia 6m ae axi» e4aB04yniie a Haoro<iacjeBBOCTb, oaa 6bUB 6bi 
acTpe6jeBbi 40 e40»aro* ITpa Bcaaoirb y4o6aoMii cjy<iai Bep6e- 
paMT aaHoeanbi 6biJa ocRopdjeaia; 04Baac4bi 4aace 40Mbi axii 
CTaputaa-b a Ba«ia4baaR0B'b ae iiaao fl0CTpa4ajia orb sepau Hop- 



's. 



276 B. H. JAHAHCKArO, 

40RCR0&. A^<>-Mar4ii, kota u uaRAaa^'b BBHOBHbiYi», oaharo caMi 
CRjibBO deiiaBii4tji> Bep6epoB'b b HBRor^a ee npeHe6per8.i'i> aa- 
KaRRBii> cjiyqaeM'b, sto6i»i BbipawaTb bcio HeDpiaaub cboio r'l bbmi>. 
Eep6epbi eocTaBjaiOTX aaroBop'b cb rbH'b, <iTo6bi HMaBepreyTb 
FRmaMa u BoaBecta bm'&cto aero 4pyraro iLa-aa^a b3i> Ouaiaii^oBi*, 
BMeHHO rmuaAa, ebiaa Cy^efiMkaoBa, aayaa AaaacapoBa. Ho aa- 
roBopii 6bi4i> OTfcpbiri:, rBmaMii a dparb ei;o A6y-6eRpi> 6bi4R 
Raaaeubi. n^eMAHUBfCb y6aTaro raniaMa, Cyje&Maai 6'fcxca4i> B^rh 
Kop40Bbi R'b BepGepaMii, iia\04aBaiaifCA bi» to apevH BH'b ropo4a 

B TBep40 pttDHBlUBHCfl OTM£TBTb HCRTe^ail'b Kop40Bbi. Cy4eilif aBl» 

ci> HI'S noMOUUH) OB4a4%4'bCTQ4Biieio, Boajb-]!dar4BCHOBa y4ajocb 

yTBep4BTbCA B'B Kop40B'fe, XOTfl B He Ha404r0: ORX 6bl4^ yCnTh 

BT> aBrycrfe 1010 r. 

rninaATb II, 6biBiiiifi 46ce4'fc bii aaRJiOHeaiB a cRpuBaeMbiS 
orb uapo4a9 ocTasajca Teaepb noaeJBTejeM'b 40 anpijiii 1013 r., 
Ror4a CyjefiMau'b ci> cbobhb Bep6epaHB BTopaqao •CTynaj'b Brb 
Kop40By. CTpaioBbifl Raaaa a y6ifictBa noc4i40Bajia T0T«ia4rb aa 
rfcM'b. Xa4a<i>b Fyniaii^ 6bui»04H0i0B3^3KepTB^. Cy4eBiiaB'biiap- 
cTB0Ba4i> 40 1016 r. 3a Ti^Mi» cuyTbi a aojaeaia ae opeKpaoia- 
wiacb opa ero apeeMHBRaxi>. AH4a4yaiH, fl'bRor4a CB4bBoe, vory- 
uiecTBeuBoe rkio, pacnajacb aa 0T4'kibiibifl aeaaBacavbia Ropo- 
4eBCTBa« NHorie B4a4iTe4a ROTopux'b 6b]4a 4104B aecbHa aairfc^- 
TeJbHbie, QORpoBBTe^ibCTBOBaju HayRaMii a jBTepaTyp'b, ao 6bi.iH 
6e3CB4babt cb ycQ'fcxoBrb apoTaaycTaTb Bce 604'fce a 604*66 Bbipo- 
cTaBinaani cB4aM'b xpacTiaa'b. 6x XI b. MycyjbMaacRoe .B4a4biHe- 
CTBO Bx Hcoauia uoTepo'kao poROBofl y4ap'b a iiocufc Toro oao yace 
HnRor4a ae no4biMa4ocb aa evaneab npesKaefi C4aBbi a Moryme- 
cTBa. Stoti* aepio4i» paajoaceaia BayTpeaaax-b ocfaoBi. MycyjbMau- 
CRaro rocy4apcTBa, ocofieaao Baaceaii a 44a acTopia C4aBflacKoii 
CTBxia wh Hcnaaia. Tor4a ocodeaao Bbiaaaajacb a ea caja r 
aaaHeaie, xoth wb to ace Bpeua XI a. yBa4ivi'b a ea na4eaie. 

A4b-MaH3op'b« nory6HBioifi a paactaBoiift oecbiia Maoraxi* Cja- 
Bflai>, ae 3a4aBa4'b BOBse axii aapTia« HanpoTBBi» BecbHa Maoraxb 
aax Haxi> oux opaBjeRx aa cboio CTopoay a yMi4i ax'b acRycao 
npoTlaByaQCTaR4flTb apoTaBauRaMi* rxi> Bep6epaM'b ; oa'b 4obro 
4opHca.'i'b 3Ta 4B'k Bpaac4e6Hb]R CTopoau B-b paaaoBicia, ae noa- 
Bojaa ycajBTbca au o4uofi aa^b aaxi^. Tohbo T»'*ace coxpaaaja 



O ClABHHAXb Bit MAJOtl A3IM, Bt A^frPHiiB U Kl> H<:i]Alll(f. 277 

CBoe 3ua*i6uie cTopoua C^aBiiacKaii » bi» yirpaBaeuie o6ohx i> pi o 

CblHOBeg. ^'fcfiCTBHTe4bUO, opB c4a6o4yinBOBi% rfliUBMi 11 H B-b 

opaBjeiiifl ero ra4HCR6oBi», MHorie CiaBflue ne TOJibRo saoHMajn 
60^'be BJH Mealie SBaiHTejbHbiff miicia apu 4Bopt« b% Kop^ont, 
HO H ynpaBjia.iH 0T4tjbHbiMH ropo4aBiH h u'bcTaMH. TaKib CjiaBn- 
HHR-b Ba4ii 6uji» upaBBTejieH^ Bii Me4BBaae4B, 4pyro9 bi> Ajib- 
Mepiii. TpeTiB B-B Ba4axoc'fc. 

34'fccb Becbva ecTecTBeuBo BoaBBRaeT'b BoBpocb (aa ueHMbai- 
em-h 4aflBbixi> ocTaiomiiica aoica 6e3% BCHRaro paapiineBia): iie aa>- 
HHva^B JIB oo4o6BbiB wkcxa CjaBBue b npB npeBCMBiLi> xajB^ax-b, 

B% IX B BTb X B? 

He noKB4aa bobcb raaaroca, b 6yAy Teoepb <iame apB6iraTb 
m ;lo3B, Bcer4a crapaacb RaR'b mohcho 64B»ce 4epBcaTbCfl ero 
c40Bi>, «iTo6bi 4BTaTejio y4o6H'fce 6bi4o^ opOBipaTb Bama coo6pa- 
HceBia. 

OTHomeHia a^b Maaaopa Ri CjaaiiBaM'b acero jyquie o6pHCO* 

BaBf»l BTb €41)4710018 Xl> 4ByX'B MicTaXli B3Cjlf»40BaBi& ^03a. 

oMoHCBO ptuiBTejibBO CRa3aTb, STO 00 aaBoeBaaitt HcoaBiB Apa- 
6aMn, Bb ipefi craaa rocno4CTBOBaTb anaTb, apacTORpaTia. Boctoh- 
Hide xajBObi, 0MMaa4bi, Baxo4R4BCb cjiRUiROMi* 4»4eRo 44a Toro, 

MT06bl BMiTb B03M0X(B0CTb Ba64l04aTb 3a 4'biicTBiaMB CBoax-b iia- 

atiiCTBBROBrb Bii HcoaHiR; CBepxii Toro euie 4eBca4a pa bbxt> ta- 
nce4a» 6opb6a m Ch BHyTpeBHBMa a ci» BBtuiBBua BparaMB. Ho 
Ror4a« no BCTyn4eHiH A6acca40B'b, noc4'b4Bafl 0Tpac4b OMMaa- 
40B'b, A64yppaxMaHi», coacmiHca ott* na4a«iefi caoefi ceMbB« 6iHca4% 
Bb AH4a4y3ifo, to Hapo4'b, ycTa4bili oti> BHyTpeaaax'b CHyr-b, opo- 
B3Be4eRRb]X'B apBCTORpaTauH B Bcer4a 0pe4004BTaBinift Moaapxiio 
npaB4eHif0 apacTOKpaTBHecaoiiy, cb aocToprou'b Dpop03r4aca4i> ero 
CBOBM-b rocy4apeHi>. 4*'>poBBTbie 0BiMaA4bi 404ro yM'Lrti 4ep»caTb 
apacTORpaTOBii bi> noBBBOBeHia*. B'h HeiBepTou'b viKh re4acBpbi 

(»^ X B. DO ?• X.) flB4aeTCa 04BB'b *ie40Bt»RT>, BeT04bROOTHaBUliH 



1. CjMBHHGRafl napAifl »% 8toiii> oTHoioeHin wotm 6iiiTi> Beeuia 54060 uM'bopy- 
iueii'b.- Ta^ «acc«, Bapo4ii, Kairb eanp. aa qocTOirb, jameHi* caMooOaaAauiA, caMo- 
ynpaBjeaiH, BToro nepaaro h dohth e^nucTBeBuaro jcjobia OAti 6jarococTOflHifl 
■lacTuaru h o6iiieeTBeHBaro, raMb Bcer^a *iepe4yiOTcA (SeayMuuA pacnpH ojurapxoB'L- 
apncTORpaTOBTb cb ^HRnMii npoif3BOJo«i> iiecnora, onNpaiomarorfl Ha HaeatBHKafb- 
■BocTpaauax'b. 



278 B. H. 4AIIAUCKArO, 

BCK) BjiacTb y xaJB^iB, CBoero roGy4apB« Ha h oopadHBuiifi ua ro- 
joey ec^M He BpHCTOKpaTiio, to Tor4aiiiHHX'fc ea upex^TaBHTe-icii. 
HeJOBiR-b s»Torb Be ocTaHaB^iBBa.icB hh oepe4% KiiKOio ao^jiCKrriMi, 
BH aepe4i> RasBU'b npecTyD^ieaieirb, bb aepeAi» RaKHiiii y6i&€TBoiii>, 
^iHflib 6bi 40CTHrayTb cbobx-k utjefi; r^y^icift naiHTBR-b « sejin- 
lafimiS aa4R0B04eai> cBoero BpeiieuH« jfo6BMem> apuui h uapo4a, 
6cer4a noRpoBBTe4bCTByeaif»ili c<iaeTieMi», to 6biJi> rpo3Ri»tii nep«i>tf 
MHHHCTpii, ra4BCH6ii rBiDaua II« a4b-liau3opi>. 4yMaB e4«BCTBeiH 
BO 0611 yTBep9K4eBiB cBoefi BjacTH, ohi* a<>cTeBeHHo ry6H4ii Birfcx'b 
GHjbabix'b B MorymecTPeBHbix'b apBCTORpaTOBb, KaaaauiBXCfl emj 
onacBbiMB; uo obi* b Be aoaibiuMaji> o6'b BGTpe6«ieBiH caMuii apa- 
CTORpaTia: He T04bRo ae oTBBifa^T» oti> bbb noae«e4bHfaxik ea Bja- 
4'bBi&, BO 4aHce dbu-B 4pyroii'b rfex'b BeJbMOBTb, HOTopbixi» He<iero 
6bMo onaeaTbCB, «4tttcTBBTe4bH0 picBOJibKo apeMenB cBycxa 00 
CMepTH a4b-MaB3opa, apHCTORpaTia BcraeT-b cb 6ojibuieio, ^itM-b 
KovAB .iHoo^ CBjioio. B^acTb XBdiB^CNni, ocja6jeuBaH caMnM-b ajb* 
ManaopoM-bfaaMiTHoynajia, b BejibMOBca, DOJbayacb 6e3CH.iieMi> aa- 
ROHBaro rocy4apfl« oTRaaaiB eMy ait GBoev'b ooBHaoBeBitt a aai* 
o6jacTeD» r^h ohh 6bUH apaBHTexiiMa, o6pa306ajHi HeaaBBCMUbia 
RBBHcecTBa. Bi> cBOio o«iepe4b B 4io.6BMi|bi a4b-MaH3opoBbi, aa- 
HajbUBKB BoficRii CLiaBBBCKBX'b (les capitaioea dea Iroupea alaves) 
B BepdepcRBX'b, ycnluB BCTBTb b^ ypoBeub gi> Mvcy^bnaHccoio 
auaTbio H ci> uanaja VB.re4B(Bpbi HcoaMia pacoa^acb aa mhob^ctbo 
0T4tabBbixi> rocy4apcTB> B 6bi4a yapaajaeMB apacTORpaTteiOM? ^ 

Bi> 4pyroM'b irbcTt y ^oaa HBTaemi: a^opaoBbie esByxH, 
xoTB cauB pa6bi« Biia4t4H aeiijiaMH h BHtaa y ceAa bi> ycjywe- 
aia orpoMBoe K04a«ecTBo pa6oBrb. Me»4y pa6aiiH 4»aaaRa aaxo- 
4BJca Ca6ypi» ^ Ras'b roaoparb BSa^-rattaB'b: 04aaKo oai* ao- 
CHjii apoaBaaie aob-AiiBpH,' C4t40BaT. cocroaa'^ aa cjyacfit y 



1^ Rech. 1, 2— a. 

2. droTTi Catfyp'b, tipHpOABua CJall■HHB'^ 6hiJi-h uspbKon M'h Ba4axocfc n 
1009—1016 r. Cm. Dokj: Becb. I, 172, 207. 4pyrott C4fn 4»aaaM Aimpi, U6u^- 
<^Tyxi> ajb-^allHKB fiuji DptBHTOjeM-b Bi» Majart orojo 10 13 r. ■ Aase paauiie. 
Bbime npHBCAeu-b y aaci> paacKaai HGo-b-A^apa (no 4obii); nvh mero me yaaacM'fci 
4T0 aioAH ^attiiKa, bo BayweBiaii'k 4sa«apaf a itpojiTHO ■ ajb-AlaoBope, iioAa.yi 40- 
Boch B« caoero rococMBaa. Hai qac^a arBx-b-ro cjyrb, B9HltiiB«ioai% <MlBKy, a 
6uja, no Bcett BtpoaraocTM, a Ca6yp-b b 4>aTyxi>. Tot^ a jpyrott bocimb BpoaaaBie 



O eiABAHAl-b BX MA.ioH ASMH, 81) A4>PilK'fe U Bl> HCDAIilH. 279 

a^b-Mauaopa. Obii Morb nooacTb R'b wmy Ha cjiy»c6y npn 
ABy&'b cjy^flxi, ovBHb aoaiiOHCHOy 4to obi» ccrafina'b cBoero ro- 
GooABBa, 4>a&BRa, bo ydieHiB a4b-Moreiipt»i« Kor4a ajib-MaH8<ipi> 
opiiBjeirb aa caofo * CTopoay natb cori* eBsyxoBit (faayMteTca ci> 
BVb cjyaKBTeuBMB, AOMO^aAoaMB); ec4B Gadyp'b BOKBHy^'b CBoero 
rocB04BBa npB arpM'b cjyiat, HfiBX-AdB^AMRp-b 6burb 40Bo«ibBO 
MoryuiecTBeflx, qTo6bi Be o6paniiiTb BBBManiii naTpeCoBaBiff ^afi- 

HSa, ROTOpblfi BBpOieM'b BMi^-b MBOTO SaSoTb B 6e3'b XjlODOTb 

Bbi^iaq-h eMy KdKero flH6y4i» pa6a^ OABaRO mr% MMoefretk BipoaT* 
n*be« STo Ca6yp'b noRHByjii» cBoero rocBOABBat Ror4a tpti» 6bi.i'b 
Bbicjafl-b Boflii B^-b Kop40Bb] B Ror4a aBavRTejbBaa lacTb ero bo- 
M-bcriH 6bMa ROB^iflCROBRRa. KaR'b 6b] taBrb bb 6bM0, ao Ca6yp% 
BcryBRdi'b rb cjyaH6y rt» ajb*MaH80py, Roxapbifi b Bopy^Ai'b evy 
yapaBJeBia Ea4axoca. 

H TdRx jii04H« 6biBaiie fB6aM« patiM-b, 4ocTHraiOT'b wh leT- 
BeproM-b BtR-h reABSBpbi oaMMX'b BbicRBBi'b roey4apCTBeBBbtx'b 40 J- 
HCHOCTefi. He 40B*kpfla aHaxH b BoflcRaMi* HcaaHCRBiirb, ajb-MaHaopb 
BpoTBBynocTaBR.i-b BVb BOJbBooTnymeflBBROB'b; Bpo4o.aBcaji apa- 

BBMBTb TaRlB trfcpbl, Bpe4Bb]A, OOTOMy HtO OHi B04pbIBaiOrb e4HH- 

CTBO Apa6cRofi Mouapxia B-b Hcaaaia, bo yBce Boine4aiiR cb a-fe- 
ROToparo BpeMeaa ai* ofiuwfi^ oa'b pa34aBaji'bCBOMM'bjfo6BMiiaM'b 
3Ba«iBTejbHbia noMtoTba; diK)4B, ROTopue BiiKor4a noBRHOBajHCb 
eBByxy, pa6y« BM-berfc ex BOdieio nojy^iaforrx utjibia HairkcTHnqe- 
CTBa. noTOMx oax apaaBaji'b rb Hcaaaiio A^pflKaacRiixx Bepoe- 
poBx ^ B 3TB rpy6b]e BOBBbi Tojmaiia aaajBA aaero npaaurb. Oiia 
Dp«ui4B wb HcnaBiH) {Bepe4aeM'b eo6cTB6»abia cjosa acTopBRa 
Apa6cKaro) Touiie orb 6t4aocTB^ ejsa BoapbiTbie BtcR04bKBMB 
aoxMOTbBMB, BO BCRopt OBB ysKe > Rpac0Ba4BCb ao yaauaHii Kop- 
40Bbi BTh BejaRo^laaux-b 04eNc4ax'b, rapaya aa jaxaxx Koaaxx; 



AMvpH, a, tarb rosopvtib 4oaB, anpoaBHine ajrb-AmipB AOctato^ao jioaaauBaerb, 
4T0 Ca6yprh cocrosjib Bt OJy»(it y ajk-liaaaopa B(Sirb-A6ii-Afliiipa, Koropoay oai 
H 6bui» o6fl3aai> cBomii vtcTom* DpaauTeja b'l SaABxocb, b 4to ohii ue aaauHad'h 
ero AO BoaBbimeuia ajb-Maaaopa, wb qapcraoaaHie ajb-FaKeHa II, Kani* o toh% 
6acH0CJ0BiiTT> KoB4e». (Recb. I, 207). Tarb xe to<ibo h ^aryxi* yopaB.iflj-b Maja- 
ron TojbKO co speMeBi aJb-Maaaopa, a oHcarb ue paubine. 

. 1. To«iao TAHi aie a xajiii^M IX— X a. npuBuaajii, HOueVBo, 'n, HcnaBi'io Cua- 



BBVb.. 



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no 



B. B, JAHAHCRArO* 



tiocejujucb BO 4Bopuai^i>, o KaKHXi> aBii» npesKae r Be CHiiJocb. 
BcRopb dTB Bep6epcKiM Boftcsa. KOTopux b ajb^Mausopii jio6B^t» 

U 3Ka40Ba41» 60Ahe BCfeX-b COjIAaTb, 0peBbIUia4B yHCe^flCJOMliBOH- 

cKa HcaancRifl. Do cMepTB calero noBediBTeja, iio^baoBaBiuarocB 
HUB AdB npBBe4eHia bt* BCBojHeuiecBoui-bqecTo.iioSHBfoixiiaaMM- 
cjoBX« CjidBSHe a Bep6epbi, paaao HorymecTBeaabie a Bja^'feamie 
o6inapBUMa aoM'bcTbAMa, ao apBHa4Je#KaBaiie i/b Bpa3K4e6abiirb 
njeueuaiix (a des races enaemies), CTdpaioTea aaxaaTBTb wh cboh 
pyRB BepxoBayH) BjacTb; KaHc^aa a3i> dxaxb CTopoa'b« ii04t» npe4* 
^oroiTb dafn»Tbi ua6aro opeTeBAeaTa, CTpeuBTca ri> bckjiio«ib- 
TejbBoaiy rocao^cTBy 6^ Hcnaaia. 04aaRo a saaTBbie Bej^MoaicB 
arb TyaeMaeBii crajia obxuMaTb cboh) roAOhy; DpaB^a. oaa 6bi^B 
erne cjia6bi 4-iH Toro, mo6bi oCpaaoaaTb cboio' oeo6yio BapTiio a 
apHCTaK)Ti> TO Rii 'CjaBflBaMi»« TO K*b BepdepaMivn. 

TaRi> A<i>TacB4bi oojy^iajB KopojeacTBo oo cMepra Ca6ypa. 
a06]Q3aaBbje, roBopdrb 4o3Bf CBoairb rocy4apf*TBOH'b ABHpa4y9 
<fBw He DpB3HaBajBrocy4apefi,ROTopux'b ao44epa(aBa^a Etfp6epbi; 
crpeMHCb Rii yTBep9K4eBiio cBoe& bjbctb, obb cbyM'tia coxpaKaxb 
6jaropa3yMBb]S He&Tpa4aTeTi> a TiMi» B36t»cajia 6t4CTBifi, oorTBr* 
max'B napTiK) CwtaBaacRyio ^»* 

Tenepb oaHaROMRBca ci> raaBatiiuiBMa 4'fcin'eJiflMB CjaBBBCRoii 
naptia. SaMiqaTeabB'fc&niie Cjiaaaae bi» MycyjbMaBCKofi HcnaniH 
XI B», 3ac;Ay3KHR:]iie acTopaiecRyio a3BtcTaoeTb« cyTb c^i4yfotuie: 
Ba4B, Kaficap'b, Xattpaa'b, Boraap-b, Mo4Bcerfl4i>« Cadyp-b, «Ia6B6i. 
a Ha4«ca. Coo6maa aama CBi4'feaifl o RaaK40Hi» Bdrh nax^ aa oc- 
BOBaHiB a3cxfe40BaHi& Faaaroca a Aom, cTapaH>cb aaR-b hohcbo 
duBHce 4epaKaTbca ao4JaBHbiX'b cjobii aran y qeabixi* bjb aepe- 
B04nabii'b bmb Apa6cRaxi> aBTopoBii. 

Bbiuie Mbi yace roBopajia, «ito no yaepaiaieaia ramaaa a 6pa* 
xa ero A6y-BeRpa, Cy^efiaaHi*, Hx-bDjeuaaaaR'b, 6'baca^'bR'bBep- 
Sepaai*, 6biBmaM'b Tor4a Ba^b Kop40Bbi« GiaBaaau-b Ba4a ajb- 
Aaapa ^ 6hijn> vh to apeaa opaBBTe^eaiif HaMicTHBROMi* wh Me- 
4HHaiieju. 0B4a4'i>Bi> ropo4oa'b rBa4ajaxapoio, Cy^eiiMaHii aa- 



1. Recb. 1,^11—313. 

2. Gayaog. II, 491 eir. BunHcira ii3i» Aii-HyMnpR. 7 rafliiroca HoiiAcA, y 4o3M 
WadMh (p. 238 et suit.)- 



O CJABilUAXb B.l> MAJoii A3IM, Bl» A^fiPlfU-fi H Bb HCIUHIH. 28 f 

nHcaai> Ba^u ancbHO, apurjamaA ero npHUBTb ero CTopoay, ho 
Toii> p-feiDUTejibuo oTRaaajCB, a6o TOTnacb SKe, no y6ienm A64yp- 
paxMaua, obt> npucja^-b CBOiO apncary B-b Kop40By h otfitiiBHJii 
ce6H 3a a^b-Mar/iH« OrKwiouiiBinH Bb]ro4Bbia ape4^03KeMiB Cy^eii- 
Maua, ouii craAi* roTOBHTbca ri> aauiflrft. Me»c4y T*bMi> ajb-Mar^n, 
ycjibi\aBi> 06% onacHocTB, yrpoHcaiomefi Ba4ii» DocjawH* irb ueMy 
aa noMOiiib 0Tpfl4'b RaBajiepiH, ao4i> HaqajbCTBOMii eBHyi[a (?) Kan- 
capa; nocj'fc Rl}CROJbRHii> cTbineR'b ex Bep6epaMB, Kaficap-b 6bMi> 
y6flrb« a Ba4B npBHyB€4eiii> aaneperbca bii ropo4'fc Me4BHa[iejB. 
0Tci04a Bd4a oTp'faabiBaj'b Bcib npaoacbi Bep6epaMi>'B vrh TeieHia 
naTBa4iiaTB 4Be8 aacTaajiM-b bxi. oBTaTbca o4BOio rpaBoio. Tor4a 
GyjefiHaBi* o6paTBjiCA cb apocb6ofo o oomouib ri> Canxo rpaoy 
KacTBJbCROMy, y Roxoparo ooB-fepeuRbie ero aoBCTp'fe<iajBCb Cb ao- 
BipeHBbiHH ero HenpiaTe^a. Eep6epb] o6tmajR CaHxo ace, hto 
o6t>uia.iB eMy ajb-Mar4B b Ba4B. XpacTiaae 40CTaBB^B Cyjefiua- 
iiy act HysKHbie npanacbi b 6ep6epbi, TenepbycBjeBHbiexpBcria- 
naHR, CHoaa oo4CTynaioT'b R-b Me4BBauejB b oaarb nparjiama* 
lorb Bd4H Ba cbok) cropoay, bo totx, oTRaaa^ca aropa^iflo. Tor4a 
B-b ceBTAfipt 1007 r., ohb R4y'rb na Kop40By. Ba4B Bbixo4Mrb 
nai Topo4a b Baaa4aeT'b aa axii apieprap4'by o4HaRo ChiA-h pa36BT'b 
cb 6ojba]BMi» ypoBOMii , jarepb ero 6bKi'b pa3rpa6.ieH'b a caM-b 
oH-b ci» BeuaorBMB apBaepHceHiiaMB e4Ba cnacca 6frcTB0M'b bi» 
Kop40By. HecMorpa aa bcio 6jB30CTb onacHocra, ajib~l!llar4B npo- 
BOiBj-b BpeMa, Bi» paacbaaiaxji a y40B0jibGTBiax'b, ae npaaBHaa 

BBRaSaXlft Mipii 44fl aauiBTbl CTOJIBKbl. DhI* Co6paJl» BOfiCRO R 

pacBOdioncBj-b ero aa paBaaai no4^'ik Kop40Bbi. Do .doJbmoS qa- 
CTH TO 6bi«rb c6po4'b BCBRaro po4a Ji04e&, BoopyHceuHbix-b RaR-b 
iiH Bonajio. 9 B0A6p.fl 1009 r. 4aH0 6bi.io cpaHceaie, Bda-fccTHoe 
no4i> BHeHeirb KaBTauicRaro, a-b ROTopoMb noradjo doj'fce 20 tm- 
Cfl*ib opaBepsKeaueB^ a4b-Mar4B. Ba4R y4ajBjefl bi» caoe aaM'fc- 
CTHBHecTBO. Awib«Mar4B, BepByBniBBbBi»Kop40By, ocBo6o4aj'b aa'b 
3aKjio4eaifl ramaiia II a Doc4a4'b eKaaaxb CyaefiMaay, hto ce6a 
OBI ciBTaeri* He dojite, RaR'b nepabiM'b MBaactpoM-b axoro saRoa- 
Haro rocy4apfl. 04BaR0 Cyjie&Maua axone xpoay^o: ohi» BCTynaj-b 
Bi Kopjoay. A4b-AIar4a diacaji* ai* Tojie4o: Bce npocTpaaeTBo 
acM^B rr Topiosbi 40 J[BCca6oua etue npaaaaaajo ero a-iacTb. Cy- 
jeiiMaHX eio He npcc4li40Ba4i>, a aooiej-b ocaH;4aTb 3!e4UBaiie* 



282 B. H. JAUAUCKArO, 

f 

jH, r4'fc aanepcM Ba4H. nMHorie ope4ii04HTe4ii CLiaiiaucKoM oapTia, 
— roBopHT-b ^oaif, — aojiaraii, BiponTHo, <ito 4i4oa4i>'Mar4ii no- 
TepflBo, iipHCTaAM R'fc CyjefiMBHy, KaKii uapp: H6HX-MoG4aMa« ea- 
sa4bHiiirb KopojeBCKoH rBap4iH9 \ Ba4H B9i> Me4HHaae4ii 6-fe- 
;Ka4'b B'b Toproay h 0TTy4a opHCja4ii ancbMo cy^Taiiy, npocA ero 
ooaaojieiiiB BCTyoiiTb rb BeMy na cjiy9K6y. cdro ape440HceHie Ba4fc 
Be 6bMO HCRpeuHO, — roBopHTi» aH-HyBaupB: ohi. xorLn* T04bKo 
BbinrpaTb Bpemi h ycHjiHTb CTopoBy raoero rocy4apB.x> CyjefiMaHi* 
Dopy«iHJi'b euy aaqaabCTBo Ha4'b aoficROMi* B'b aepxaefi ApparoBiH, 
npBRaaaB^ emy Dpo404acaTb Boflay apoTBBi^ HeatpHMrb. Ba4B 
Bcryoaerb Tor4a bi> neperoaopbi Cb xpRCTiaaaMB^ aa adbBX-bTpe- 
fioBaflia ofiimaa corjacie caoero rocy4apa. A4b-Mar4B« ao4Rp'ii- 
n^euBbifi BoficROM'b xpBCTiaBi>t Docfi'koiae'rb Hai* Taie40 bi> Kop* 
40By. He4ajieRo orb Kop40Bbi9 bi» iiOH'ik 1010 r*, comaacb 4B't> 
HeapiflTejbCKia apMiH. Cpaaceaie 6bMo npoat paao Bep6epaMH e4aB- 
CTBeauo DO aepaay Miio Cy^efiMaaoBy . cI]o6'fe4a, roBopaT-b ^oaa, 6bi 
4a 04epHcaHa KaTa40BaaMa, tbrii fcaRi* BoficRa a4b-Mar4a a Ba4B 
ae DpBaaMa4H, RAHtercH, 6ojibmaFo yqacTia B'b dToai^ GpaHceaiav. 
BcRopi; Bep6epbi sKecTORo oTaMCTa4R aa caoe oapaHceaiet pa36aBi 
KarajoHuerb a apoiia boScrb a4b-MaF4B a Ba4a bi> oapecTBO- 
CTflX'b Ajbxecapbi; KMaoro CjaBHHCRax'b Ba^a4bHaK0Bi>, roBOpari* 
^03B a 604*^ Tpex'b TbicBHb xpacTiaHii jerjo aa 004*^ cpaaceaifl ^» 
noc4t Toro yace aaapacao yDpaniBBa4a KaTa4oaiieB'b a4b-llar4a 
a Ba4B cuoBa dobtb aa Bep6epoB'b; oaa ceBcfcu'b BbiiiMa as'b Kop- 

40BU. 

« 

04HaR0 a4b«Mar4ii ae 404ro ocTaBa4ca bii CTe4aut cb Ba4»« 
Cb BoiicKOM'b CT04aubi (lea troupes de la capitale) a €i> no4RaM9 
6biBmaMa 004% ua4a4bCTB0M'b C4aBBBeRBX'b' reaepa40Bi (etiesri^ 
giments commandos par dea g^a^raux alavt* 9) oa-b abiuie4i> aai* Kop- 
4oabi a ptma4€n aaoacTb aa Bep6epoBi^. Hoebyxo40ii*bKaTa40B- 
iieB'b BoficRO a4b-Mar4a yTpaTa4o cboio xpa6pocTb. E4Ba npoui4o 
oRo 30 MH4b oTb Kop4oftbi, RdRi Bana4'b aa aero TaRoii naaa- 
lecRifi €Tpaxi> orb o4Boii Mbic4ai hto euy opM4eTCfi 6aTb€a cb 
rpo3Hbiiia Bep6epaMH. mto oao TOTRacii a^e nocoiuiM40 y4a4aTb- 



1. Recb. 242. 
% Recb. 216. 



CjlABflHAXli Bl> MA40& ABIH, Bl> A't'PRK'tl H B^ HCnAUlH. 283 

ca wh Kop40By ^ Tor^a aJb-M[ar4ii npuRaaaji'^ npopuTb poB'b b 
nacTponTb criey icpyroM-b crojHabi. 

Eep6epbi Tiuii apeMeHeirb ooaouijiH rti CTOJiia'b h crajti rpa- 
6BTb ooycToioaTb ea oicpecTHocTB. A^ib-MarAH ToibRO ry4a«ii» 
Aa BeceiiMca; a Boficaa ero opeAaBa^iHCb B'b ropo^li BcaKOMy 6yii- 
CTBy, apuBa JBCb b'b 40Ma unpBbix'b rpawAaBi*, OTHBMajB co6cTBeH-* 
HocTb, ocRop6dia4B sKeH'b B AOHefeU, yMepma^HdiB Bcfcxi*, rto BU'b 
conpoTBaiajica. «TaRofinopa40R'bBeuiefi, — roaopHTb au-HyBaupH, 
GAAbHO He HpaBBJCfl Ba4B, Bcer4a crporo ero DopBuaBineMy ; bo 
ajib-Har4B ue o^pauuu'b BBRMaflia hb ero ?Ka4o6bi b ace ocTaaa- 
4ocb oo npesKueMy. XoTa Ba4B b 4ep3Ka4'b cTopoay a4b-Mar4B, 
04HaR0 bi> rjy^BB'b 4yiuH ob'b BeHaBB4t4i> ero 3a ero nbBe4eHie 
cb A64yppaxHaBoii'b* y OTiia KOToparo, ajb-Maaaopa, Ba4B 6bijvh 
Moyjiu (mauli) B04bB00TDyiiieHBBB0Mi>n« Obi> p'buiBJica UBaseprByTb 
ajb-Mar4a< KOTopufi, ope4BB4a rpoay, yane 6bi4o coacfcm'b opa- 
roTOBBJca 6t»caTb B'b To4e4o b co6pa4'b act £bob 4paroaivBHtaia 
aetuB B oorarcTBa. Ho ero npe4yDpe4B4B, B'b BOCRpeceaie, 24 
iio4A 1010 r.« Ba4B Cb cbobmb norpaHBHHMMB BoficRavH B 4py* 
vHuu CjaaaBaMB (et les autres Slares) npoM4a4CHBepxoM%noy4tt» 

UaUli Kop40BCHBM1* Cb RpHB01Il> : allOBBHOBeHie, DOBBBOBeBie 

a4b*MyBaiia4y»* OiapaBBBoiflCb B'b borob, ta^ co4epaKajica xa* 
Au^nb (rBmaM'b II) r aaaa'b ero ch C06010, odjeR'b ero bi^ nap« 
cKoe o4'fcaBie a aoca4a4'b ero aa rpoB'b ape4B0B'b. A4b-Mar40 
6y4y4B B'b TO apeMB wh 6aR'fe, 6bui» aas'biueB'b 04bbmi> C4aBaHH-' 
Hoifb (par UD Slave) ^, hxo a4b-MyBaiia4'b Bbiaeiea'b aa'b 4Bopiia« 
Oirb TOTHBCb aocaimaaii Ty4a a xor&fb cfecTb pA40M'b cb Faina- 
uawh II, ROTopbifi craj-b Tyrb ero yBpeaaTb da Bcb cbob 6'k4CTBia 
H cTpaAaoiii* HaRoaeirb eaayxi* Au6ap'b BSfl^i* aub-BlarAB aapyRy 
a noaej-b ero aa ojaToopMy 4Bopiia. 34iiCb AaCap'b o6BaacB4i» 
cBOiO ca64f09 HTo6bi OTpy^BTb eMy ro40By, ao a4b-Mar4a« b3i» 
syacTBa eaMocoxpaaeBifl csicajii ero bi> CBonx'b od-baTiax-b; bi> ry 
'dce MBEiyTy nopa^ajiB ero Cjiaaaae cbobmb aesaMB ^. 

1. Cm. Dozy: Recb. 247. ¥ Afl-HyiapH o6i> aroai a-brh uviera. Ga^ang, 
II, 494. 

2. y FaJiuroca Au-HyMupii roBopMT-b: «AJ mnhdi was in the bath, wheo one 
of his ofBrers named Ibn-WadAhv.... II, 494. 

3. Ao.m: sA Tinslant mdme les glaifes des Slaves s'abaiss^renl sur loi, et bien- 
iM le cadavre d*al-Mabdii> etc.' (Rech. 248). An-HyaaHpH y FajiHroca (.1, 40S): win 



284, 6. II. JAMAUCKAI , 

24 iiOJA 1010 r. riiuiaMi> II 6bKiii npoBoarjameii-b xbau- 
a»oMi> ' u Ba4ii, CTaBiniii Tenepb vaji7Kyi6oM'h, nepsbiM'b MHUiiCTpoMi», 
ueue^^eHHO 0TnpaBii.ii> rojosy ajb-lVlar4ii Ri>Bep6epaMii, Ha4'6flCb 

tIiUI) npBMUpHTb llX-b Cb .C060IO H TaKHMli o6pa30M'b yTBep4HTb 

BJiacTb TuinaMa H, a ^lepea-b nee KOBeqeo b CBoe codcreeBfloe 3Ha- 
qeeie a BJiinflie. Ho pac^erii 6biji'b BCBtpeBh,-^ 6ep6epbi Bifkero 
BCARaro oTB'bra y6fljiB ero DOcjaBBBKOB-b. Tor4a Ba4fl cra^rb spn- 

BBMaXb ptBlBTeJbBblfl M'fcpfol ITb aaOXBTi CT04BIlh1, BpBKaSajfb KO 
BaXb pBbI B B0306B0BBTb BCfc BpeSKBlfl yRpiflJeBia. 

y MoraMe4a ajib-Mar4B ocrajcfl no ero cMepTB uiecTBa4iJiaTH- 
.fbTBifi n^eMBBBBR-b, ROTopbiB, BMt>fl Mfloro 4py3eii Kh TojieAo, 
6'fcHcajii> B3^Kop40Bbi Bi dTOTb ropo4'b, r4t HCBTejB npBfla^B ero 
ci> pa4ocTiio. 0TCf04a obi* npofl3B04B^'b 6e3npecTaB Bue Bad-fern 
B yMepmB4fljii> Bcb^'b Bona4aBBiBxcfl eMy bi» pyRB 4py3efi Ba40. 
HaROBeuii 04BB'b BejbMo»ca (a chier)MorapB6'bAT-T04BCB6B Bsnj-b 
ero B-b BjiiB'b B nocja.i'b ri^ Ba4B, ROTopufi b Beji'fej'b ero yuep- 

TBHTb. 

MeHC4y Tfeifb 6ep6epbi crpainBo t^cbb^b oRpecTBocxB Kop- 
40Ebi, Ry4a CTeRajBCb Bcb 6jB3KBie hcbtc^b. Bcb crpaBa Ha cfe- 
Bepi) OTh Kop40Biii, BCRJiio«iaa Toje4o b Me4HBaaejifl no46ep- 
HceBa 6bija onycTomeBiio. BoHcRa Kop40BCKiH bo4BiijIb poBOTb 
Ba Ba4B, ROTopbifi, y3BaBi> o6i> aroMi*, pfiBiBJicii BcrynnTb B-b oe- 
peroBopbi Cb Eep6epaMB. Obii OTupaBBj-b bi> Jiarepb Cy.iefiMaHa« 
RBRorO'TO DdBii-BeRpa, ROTopbiH dbij-b 4onyniefl'b ki* JBHBOMy 

CBB4aBilO' Cb BBM'b; BO Ba B03BpaTb CBOeU'b Cb OTBtTOlfb, OB-b 

6bM'b ydBTb co^4aTa\iB rapBH30Ba, MeMy Be mofjb BOH-femaTb, 
npB BceMi> cBoeu'b HcejaBin, bb FBrnaM-b, bb Ba4B. W6i6w»i no- 
ca4BjiB ero rojoBv Ba 4peBRo b bocbjb ee bo yjiBuau'b crojiHUbi. 
ysBaBi) odii yqacTB CBoero roBiia, Ba4B ykmi^Acn ynte d'fexcaTb r^ 
BepdepaM-b, bo ero jBHBbiH ueBpiBxejb []6Bb*A6B-Ba4a^, ycjbi- 
xaBi» ero BaMtpeBiB 6taKaTb, oTflpaBB^cB rb ero 40M1 eo cbo- 

this position be was pierced by (he swords of (be SclaToniaos, (he slares and eonochs 
who happened to be (here. 

1. Gayang. II, 496— 4»7. 

2. KoueMBo TOT-b caMutt CaaBAUHU'b, hto cocroajb na cj^vG-fe y ajb-Alai.iii. 
llpe^aoHbiii aroii;^ nocjk4ueMy, 001 ne Hon* npocTHTb BaAo ero yfiiiicTBa. H raKii 
MevAx i'aMHMH CiaajnaMH ne paa'b npoHCxoABjB pa34opu b uecoi jaciii. 



O CJABilHAXT> Bt MAvloK A3IH, Bl> AO'PHK'B II Bli UCDAIIIM. 285 

Huy co.uaTauii, cxBayu^b eio aa ropuo h ebiTamuab iia y.iHuy. 
3a'6ci>, ocbinaBi» ero yopeRaMu aa 4ypBoe ynoTpe64eHie o6iue- 
CTeeuubiiL'B cyMMik, H6R']>-A6u-Ba4a nopa3BJii> ero RHUHcajOMi*, 
aa Ttwh Bci 4pyrie noniJH ua uero h yaiepTBiiJu. 0Tpy6iiBi» eHy 
ro.iOBy, Ha4tjiH ee Ha 4peBRo h bo3R4h do ropo4y, a rpyo-b ero 
6bui» dpouieiiii Ty4a , r4t eme He4aBH0 4eHea40 Tt4o ajib-Mar4ii. 
^oMa Ba4R9 ero 4py3eB b ceKpexapeH 6bi4R paarpa^jenbK H6h'b- 
A6R-Ba4a 6bM'b HaaHa<ieiii» bh Kop40Bt ry6epHaTopoMi> (Wali-I- 
medinah). Ba4B dbU'b y6RTii 16 olcT. 101 1 r. 

Cy4efiMaHi» Bsuj-b Kop40By bi> Anptali 1013 ro4a. Bot7> see, 

STO MOFjIB aim COo6lUBTb O CjaBABBU'b Ba4B, 4e40BtR']b He lia40 

3aM'fc<iaTe4bH0Mi»v Bi>Te«ieHiH rpexi* A-tvh 40 caMoii CMepTB nrpaB- 
ineMb 04Hy Hai* aepBux'b pojiefi Bb aroa aaxcHofi no4HTH<iecKofi 
4paM'&, 4TO aaxBaxbiBaja caMue cyuiecTBeHUbie BHTepecbi vycyjib- 
MaacRoil HcoauiH XI b. KaR'b hb RpaTRR b ub cyxH HacToamiii 
CBli4'itBiA o Ba4H« ue4b3A 04iiaR0 oTRaaaTb eMy bi» 6ojibuiHXi» 40- 
CTOHHCTBaxii — TOH TBep400TH ero xapaRTepa« Cli ROTopoio OH-b 
p1>mHTe4bHo 0TR40Ha4i> 0Tb ce6fl BC'fc JiecTBUfl ape440HceHiii Bep- 
6eporb, a no€4'b4yiouiii] eroDepexo4'b ua CTopoay Cyje&vaHa, — 

ABJeRie BeCbMa 06b]RH0BeHH0e B-b a04HTB4eCRRX'b CMyTaxi> H He- 

ypii4Haax'b,<— ecjiH b odjinqaeTi* bi» Ba4B cnoco6HocTb arparb cbo- 

Bli'b CJOBOMli, TOHCe HTh COHCaJtiBlib Ue p'b4RyiO Vh nOjlBTH«ieCRRXl> 
4^4X64^X11 n BOBtfiuiBXlt BpeMeHl> H I|ap040B'b XpRCTiaBCRBX'b, TO 
Cb T'fett'b BMtCTt B 40Ra3blBaeT'b, HTO TO dbUli ReJOB'bR'b ueo6biR- 

BoaeiiHofi piniBMocTB, aeyRjoHuo opecji'k40BaBuiiB Rp-fcoRO o64y- 
BiaHByio u'fejb, cno€o6H6cTB aaBH4Hofi, Bcer4a 4ocTo&uoii no4pa- 
Hcauiii. Hey4a<ia ero cpaHcemfi cb Eep6epaHH, e4Ba jh Moacerb na- 

4aTb Ba Hero 04B0r0, taKTh RaRl> Cb 04H0fi CTOpOBbI ero 0TpN4bl 

ue 0TJBqa4Beb uh oco6eBBoio xpafipocriH), hb 0T4B«iB0i0 4hciibb- 
4HU0I0: Bep6epbi nee, cBJbBbie h BOBBCTBeuBue, OTJBsajHCb b 

OCOOblM'b BCRyCCTBOM'b, R'b ROTOpOHy eUie He 0pBBbIR4B Mycy4b- 

MAHe HcoaucRie; cb 4pyroft 3Ke CTopoHbit Ba4B 6biBa4i» ae p1>4R0 

CBfl^HT* Wh CB0BX1> pacnopflXCeBiflX'b H npB BCeB CBOeH BeJII06BB R'b 

BHRToHCHOMy B pacoyTHOMy a4b-i\Iar4H« ohi* HeB04bB0, no canoMy 
ao403KeHiio CBoeMy HeMorb evy Heao4HHHaTbCH. Mto RacaeTca 40 
4apoBaHiii Ba4H, to ohh BH4Ubi RanceTca b Ba^ BrpauHoi) bm'b 
po4B B uai 6biTuocTB ero uaBiicTHBKOMi> Me4Buaae4By Ry4a 



296 B. fi. jiAVAucKAra, 

oH'b Sbidii* iia3Ha«ieH'b irikponTUo erne ajib^JMauaopoM'b, KOTopufi 
RoaeHHo padAaBdji-ft TaKia saHCHbifl irfecTa jhoaami*, RptoRO ki> 
Heuy npHBaaaBHbiH'b a paayiiieTCii He 6e34apBbiMi>. Ecjim ane re- 
nepb npaaoMRHTB cjoaa an-HyBaapa o tobii>, *ito Ba4a oBTaj'b icb 
ajb-Mariia rwiy6aRyio HeaaBacTb aa ero noae/ieaie ch A6^iyppax- 
MaHOBTb, cbiBoai'b ajib-MaH3opa , to aecbMa dobiitro craBerb, tto 
Ba4B He c^aBajicfl aa jiecTi., He co5jia3Hajica o6^vmHiamm Bep6e- 
poB'B, He nepeineux irb CyjeilMaHy, aoAfi6uo iipyrHiiii CBoanir co- 
HjieHeHHBRaM'b, noTOMy HMeaflo, «ito npeaapaa Bb jtymb a Tama- 
Ma II a ajb-MarAD, Ba4a cja6ocTb nrpaHbi a eo64a3HaTejbHE»ie 
Bpnn'bpbi a«ib*MaB3opa a ero CMHOBeB, ohi», oepBbifi a3^ Cjbbah'b, 
BOS'bBM'fcji'b cMlijyio a rop^yio Mbicjib 8aBJa4'faTb tajaoaroH'b. 
OTcrauBaa ajb-Mar^a, oui* pa^oTaj-b 4JIB cc6a; eaaa yTBep4a^ca 
oBit B^b Kop^OBikv RBRib BOcnojTbdoBawiCA nepabimi y4o6H«H'b cjy* 
^aeMT, — oGBo6o4aa'b ramaMa, ydaii* ajb-Mar4a a apaamrb aBaaie 
ra4Hca6a. KoHe«iHo Ba4a, ropaqiit npaBepaceBeu'b a aibpubii cjyra 
aJb-MaaaopoB-b, He Mon> oTjaqaTbca RaRoio-jia6o npaBAaaHHocTiio 
H% raRiany II. Birh^ CMeprb A64yppaxiiaHa B086y4aja vh uewy 
aeHaancTb R'b ero y6i&a*fe ajib*Mar4B; ocraBaacb ett Btpearb jo 
Rounta, OBii TOJbRo apacoe4aBaji'b kb ueil r4y6oRoe* apeaplmie R'b 
9Toii HBHTO^KHoH jaqHocTB. Tor4a'^9Re KoaeqHO po4aviacb vrh mewh 
nepsan Mbicjib aactyoaTb ajb-MaHaopa: acik aoCwi'fe4ytouiifl ero 
4l>fiGTBiil 6ujB cTporo paciBTaHbi a TBep40 HaopaBwieHbi Kh 40- 
CTMTReaiio 3Tofi nfksH. HaocTpaBeii'b, a cj'fe406aTejibHo He ocofieB'^ 
HO jio6aiibift uapo40ftrB, xota a e4aH0B'fcpea'b , CjiaBflaaBr* Ba4a 
4a4eR0 Be aaxo^ajicji B'bTtx'b 6jaronpiflTBbiiC'b o^TOflTejbCTBaxi», 
«iTO offpy acajB a Jb - Manaopa , aMtaaiaro bi 43Ka4kap'fc BejiHKaro 
HpeeMHHRa; npa RoropoH'b 4lua rocy4apcTBeHHkia ne 6b]jia rarb 
aanyuieHbi, RaRi»nocjrfecja6bisi», pa3BpaTBbiiii> apeeMHaROBib Ba4a, 
A64yppaxMaHa a ajib'>'Mar4a. Caepx'b Toro a^b-Maaaopii aviui 
Tor4a Ha CBoefl CTopont BOHHCTBeHHbiX'b Bep6epoB'b, ROTopbixi*, 
no CjfoxcBBuiaMCfl otfcToare^bCTBaM-b, ao caMOMy xo4y xbjrh^ npa- 
Bje^b aa eaoio cropoHy Ba4a ne wwhjth aaicaKoH aoaiioiKflocTB. 
CjaBBHaHnb Ba4a, aepabiii mdrh CjaaaH^ 3a4yiiaBU]i& 0Bja4tTb 

Xa^H<»aT0Mli, 6hlA'h, RBR'b BB4BM*b, nejOrfcRlt He 06bIKH0BeBHbl8 a 

He 4i03KHuubi&; Bi> uey4a«i'fc ero npe4npiaTia BBHBTb ero o4Boro 
e4Ba JH BOBMomHo: UHoro aaaacfejia cy4b6a ero oT'b BHliuiaax-b 



O CJABAlElAX'l* BL MAJIott A3IM, Sit A«»PlfR'II H Bl» UCUaHIM. 287 

oSeToiiTejbCTBi> h cofibiriii, KOTopMn abah A'^Ay o6opoTi> Heo>Kfi- 
jiauHbiS. 

OTYacTii npH^Bua ney €0*6x8 ape4op]aTiii Cja»ffHBHa BaAit 3a- 

KJilOHajaCb B B'B TOHl>, HTO CTOpOBa CjaBflBCKaiT, KOTOpoft 0B1> 

6Ki.rb o^BBifb Bdiv r^BBB'biimBX'b upe^CTaBBTe^eil a aa ROTopyio 
OBi> op«BiiymeeTBeBBO onapa^ca , hto CTopoaa aTa Be OT^aqajacb 
. BujfTpB ce6B rfcM'b e4BU04yui]eM'b, Roropoe raRi* aaM^brso bi» 
BpaB(4e6Hoi efi cTopoab 6ep6ep€BOB. 

Upfl Ba4B 6bM0 MBoro C^aaaiii, to BB4'fe^B ubi Bbime; bo 
aa TO 4a^€Ko ae Bcb CjiaBaae TaayjiB K-b aesiy: 04ub BCRopHk 
nepeuMB Ri»C]rjieiiMaHy, 4pyrie, no4o6HO lil6B'b-Ba4a, diB>iBo apa- 
BflaaBBbie rii a4b*Mar4a, Bei^aBB4'bjiB Ba4B aa ero flOBe4eHie cb 
CBOBMib noKpoBBTejieii'b, vro KGBe^BO xaRBce, bo4o6bo a^b-fllau- 
aopy, o4HBX7» CMBBB-b BhiM4BJi'b B3i> BBdRaro aBaBiB, a 4pyra}i'b 
BpBTteaa.i'b. TaRoii pa84op'b b raaoe BayrpeBBee aecorjacie paao 
o6Bapy3RB^B«b Bi» CjiaBflBCRoil oapTia: to Mbi BB4tjB yHce aa 
cy4b6'fc 4»afiaRa a 4sKa«i»apa. 3to o6€ToaTejbflo e4Ba jib bo cjy- 
BCB'Tb y6»k4flTaibBbiMi» 40Ra3aTejibCTB0M'b wh nojbsy MBoro«iRGjeB* 
BocvB CjiaBBfli* Bir Mycy^bHaacbOii lieoaaia: To^fbKo ooTony b 

BOr^B Cp«4B BXl* <»^a30BaTbCB CBOB OapTIB. 

IHL* B'b HBCdit npe4CTaBflTejea CjaBBBCKott napTiR, aepe- 
Hi(s4uiBX'b aa cTopoay Cy«ie&MaBa, 6bUB Raacexca RpoM'b XaApaaa* 
CdiaBBae 3oraBpi» a Mo4BcerB4'i> ^ 

Brb BBptj'fe 1013 r. Cy^efiM«»ii BTopB«iBO Bouieji'b wh Kop** 
40By* BcKop4 Doeji Toro CjaBaBe, KaRi* rb^ mo ocTaBajBeb arb 
Kop4f<»B'b., Taicb a tIv, "ito coepaa eny BOMorajia, paacifljiBCb no 
crpaa-fc b MMa4iiJiB paaabiMB ropo4aM», n KOTopbixi> obb eraaB 
yRpin4flTbCB. Cyjefiiiaai» oTapaBaji) npoTBBi* BBX'b boucko 0041^ 
ttaiajbcrBOM-b AwiB-H6B'b*raMMy4at Kovopuil, 6y4y*iii "lejoBiROM^b 
BecbMa eboco6BbiMi> a aenoutpao BjacTOJfodaBbiHb, 3a4yMa«'b ao^* 
xBaTBTb rb efOB pyRB BepxoBflyio BjacTb B'b AsAajiyaiaf. Obi^ 
BCTyna^ii wh aepeixiaopbi ch rkwm bookamb, opoTBB'b ftovopuxx 
6bij'b oocjiaBit, yaftf^afl axib, <ito rainaM-b II co6cTBeuuopyiRo 
nanaca^'b 6) Mary, Kb ROTopofi fla3Ba«iaji* ero cbobmt* npeeaiaa- 

1. Gajrang. II, App. B. p. X. paacKasii ajb-roiHUi4K ■ Doqr Beoh. 1, 39 et sair 



288 B, U. JAMAUCRAro, 

KOMb. yBjeHeHBue B'b o6Maui» C^aBflucKie npe4BO4HTe40 npo- 
BoarjiacHiH ero roc^4ape«'b. A^a m-h UefiTbi nocwhmvtsh rb 
Ma^iary, va^ BaaitcTBBROifi> 6MA'k AMBpii-II6Bi>-4»aTyxi> a^ib* 
4»aftflKB, BOdibBooTnymeBBbiii (a freedman) 4>afiHRd, ^40jI3Rho 
6biTb Toxse CjaBABHB-b. Obi^ apB3Baj^ Aau CBOflifb rocy4a- 
peiii> B apBHA^'b era b^ ropo4i> « r4'fc b BoilcRa b Hcare^B tot- 
<iaci> Bce npoBoarjacB^B ero xa^BooHii. BcRopii aoc^'b Toro A^a 
BbirBaji» 4^aTyxa B3i> Ma.iarB b CTaaii o4bbi» yopaBJATb bi» bch. 
Co6paBiiiBCb ci> CB^aMB, Ajb 4BBBywicfl ci> Bep6epaMB ua Kop-* 
40By, npB qeHi* ooiiora4B eMy b CjiaBBne. Kop406a 6M4a Baara, b 
Cyaefinaa'b co6cTBeflBopyHBO yuepmB^eH-b BWh, 30 iiOHfl t016 r. 
Ho A4fl aapcTBoaaji Be 404ro, TaR-b RaRi» CjaBaae, CRanaja no- 
MoraBioie eMy, BCRopt 04flaR0 oTjioaKBjBCb oti> aero b, apacTaB^ 
Ri> a4b-MopTa4t« 4BBuy4BGb Cb BBMi* HB rpaBa4yf 29 Maa 1017 r. 
A4B-M6a'b-raMHy4'b 6bU'b ydarb bii 6aat B'bcR04bRBiiR CjaBa- 
BaMB, RaRi> BtpoflTBo Bc 6e3i> aayuieaia rbxib CaaBAacKBX'b 
BoaK4eB9 <it<» BpacTa4a teaepb R-b a4b-MopTa4'b ^ 

B'b 101^7 r. eiue iipa hcbsbb A4B<-I16Bi>-raMify4a« ajb^Mopra- 
4a 6bM'b apoBoarjamea'b xaJBOOMii bi* Ba4eBciB a fiuai* sa aero 
npaaaaHii bo Bctx-b o64acrax'b a ropo4ax'b, 6biBBiBxx bo Bjacra 
AuMpB40B'b, Me3K4y apoqaM'b a bii XaTaat (Xativa-Saa-Felipe) a 
B'b TopToais. K'b a4b*MopTa4'b BpBcrajii xaRBce a MoB4api>, aaHi- 
CTHBR'b CaparoccRiH ^. 04HaR0 A4B« y6aTbiii C4aBaflaMM, pacD040- 
HceaabiMB r^ a4b-MopTa4'ik« Tor^iacb Bce Rame4'b ce6'fe opeeMBBRa 
B'b .6paTt cBoeMx a4b-KacaMt. AMBpB4bi yclitja co6paTb apniio, 
ape4B04BTe4aMB ROTOpoS 6bi4R Xattpaai, npaBBTe4b A4bMepiB, 
Mo4aKepfl4'b, BpaBaTe4b 4eBia a MoB4Bp'b CapparoccRifi; y aax-b 
TBRHce 6bi4a cofOBBBRaMB xpacTiBBe. Ha-b ROCTORBoii ncoaHifl^ Bl> 

1019 r., 4BBBy4BCb OBB aa Kop40By« ao 4049KRbI 6bl4R OCTBHO- 

BBTbca, r4'b 6m41i aaMtCTaBROM'b Bep6ep'b BslBa-QfiB'b-daapB, cto- 
poBBBRii a4b-KacBMa [16a'b-raiiMy4a; 

IIoc4'b 6eaao4e3Bbix'b oeperoaopoB^ cb arairb Bep6epoM*b, a Jb* 

MopTa4a p'fcaia4ca aaaoBem* 4aTb eHy cpaxceaie. 

■ ■ • * 

« 

1. Ao3B 3aiit<i8eT-i>: nCe fat sans doute ii I'instigation des Amindes qae le kba> 
life All ibn-Uammoud fut toe dans le bain par des Slares, yen la fin de cetle annee». 
(Rech. 1, 38). 

2. Do^: Rech. I, 38 et suit. 



O €JIABJIBAX1» Bl> MAJOS AdlH, Bl> A4»PHK'ft H Vh BCOAHIH. 289 

«Me;H4y rfkifL, — no c JoiuiM'b 4o8ii^ — Xattpau'b b MoHAHp-b 
cKopo yBBjajH* qTo a4i»-HopTa4a eovce ae 6bi.iii TaRUBrb qe^ost- 
Roui>, KaRoro (^ia oaa »(e4ajBBii*fcTb€BOBM'biajB«oii'b. Ohb, co6- 
cTBeflBO roBopii, naao aa6oTBJBCb o opaBax-b 0iiMaB40B'b, b ecjH 
cToa«iB 3a 0iiMaB4a9 to e4iiHCTBeBBo B-b Ba4eBC4'fe canBifb iiapcTBo- 
BaTb opB rory4ap'& cjia6oirb b bb<ito3Kboiii>, KOToparo obu mof^b 
Dpe4€niBBTb Eep6epajiiii, KaRi* rocj4apa aaRoaaaro. Ho aJb-Mop* 
Ta4a, waoatRii rop4ufi a Ba4MeaBbi8, ae ro4B4Cfl aa raRjio pojb 
B ae Morb 40B04bCTB0BaTbca TtabK) BjacTB. 04aaac4bi oa'b saape- 
TB^-b Xaiipaay a MoB4flpy BX04BTb icb aeiiy. icDpaBo, cRaaaaa 
CUB 4pyrb 4pyry»« oiii 4epacB'rb ee6A c% aaaa TOnepb^ Ror4a aa* 
^a^bCTByerb 6o4baiBM'b BoficROM'b, coBciorb Baa<ie, qtii'b apeHC4e« 
3to "lejoB'brb ^yRaaufit euy 40BtpaTbCfl ae Ba40». 

Xaftpavb caecca cb Saaa a apRr4aina4'b ero aanacTb ua ajb- 
MopTa4y« oTB'fcua euy a aa t^% a aa Moa4Bpa, wo obb Bb ca- 
MUM'b Hbidiy epaaceaia oepefi4yrb bi* oTcryajeaie. 

TaR'b a €4'&iaao. A«ib-MopTa4a 6bi4ii paaSarb aa rojoay. «no- 
paaceaie, ruBoparb H6B'b-ra&aa'b« 6bi4o crpaipaoe a aacTaaajo 
3a6biTb Bci ope/KBia Raaia jb6o nopaaceaia. HBRor4a crb rtx'b 
aop> aapTia Aa4a4y3€RaA (t. e.« aairbHaeTb 4o3b, aapria Aiiapa- 
40BI, B-b apoTBByaojoacaocTb aaocTpaaaofi aapTia, BepdepoB-b) ae 
aor«ia yace cofipaTb aparia a t^mx caua ajpaaaa^a caoio aecoctoa- 
Teji»aocTb». HeaaBtcTBbiii BCTopaR%« Rba cjobb BpBB04BTb y ce6a 
adib-Maaapa, roaopaTii T0»e canoe* aDoc^t dToii 340DOdiy«iaofi 
6BTBbi aapo4'b \HcBaBCRi& (t. e. napTia AMapB40Bx) B04^aaaA 
Bepfiepam* a ^:h rfcx-b nopi oa'b yace ae aorb cofiparb npoTBB'b 
Baxi* apMiiOA. 

Xaapaait a Hoa4Bp'b, DpaSaBjaerb^osBv aacBOfono4Jyioa3- 
atay, acecTORo BonaaTa^acb oa4eaieii'b caoeK napriu^ 

Bflpo^eiiii e4Ba 4a aaTepecu Xatt^aa coaepmeaao C0Bna4a4a 
ci BHTepecaiia aapo4Bbiiia; aapa4y ci» flpoqaiiB CjaBaaaaa, no- 
4o^Ho Ba4a, caoeuy conjeaeaaaRy, oa-b eTpeaaaca aaaaTb bt* Ab- 
Aajysifl irfecTo ajb-Maaaopa. npaB4a«fl3M'fcaaBia4b-MopTa4i|Xaii- 
paai ae craj'b ra4aca6oM'b xa4B4»a Kop40BCRaro, aa to c4t4ajCA 
BeaaBBCBMbiH'b rocy4apeM'b in» AAbMepia, niiix 6b]euy BBRor4aBe 



1. Dozyt Rech. I, 47 et buIt. 

yi. 3An. — ci. 19 



290 B. a. jAUAucKAro, 

6biBaTb npM xaaB<i»*b ajb-Mopia4tf KOToputt ue Morb me eiAb 4o* 
elipATb H ujdTHTb 6jiai:opacnojio}KeBieM'b AfOABUit^ raRit rjy6oRo 
ero HeiiaBH^tBmHM'B, RaRi* aanp. Xaopauy. 

JlfkbciBmeAhBo^ aJb-MopTa4a, e4Ba y6'bHcaBniifi orb npec«ii- 
40BaHiii Bep6epoB'b, npHiueji'b bi> FBdAURCb, r^'i^no^ocjiaHUbieXaif- 
paHOMi> JI04H HamjB r yiiepTBHdiB ero. Fojobb ero fibua >iocTa- 
Bjeiia Bi> A JbMepiiO , rxb vb to Bpemi Raxo4B«iBCb Xafipaaii a 
MonAup-h. 

XaHpaHi., DOJiy^BBmili aaM'fccTHB^iecTBO bi> AjibuepiR enie npn 
ajb-MaH3opi, BipoflTBO no CMepra ajb-MopraAbi, oRoaiaTejbBo bi 
BToifb ropo4t> C4tja.ica Bja^'i^TeaeMi* aeaaBBcaiibiM'b. 06*5 hchi 
HM'beB'b coo6maTb mu TojbRO Becbua aeMaoria aaB'fccTifl* Bi* ero npa- 
Bjeaie bi* AjibMepia dbi^iB ycaaeBbi yRp'tn^eaia; ropo4'b aTon», pa- 
cnoJ03KeaBb)il B'b joiubhI iie3K4y 4Byx'b rop'b« Biiidii> Ha 04H0& b3i> 
BBXi dQMOKb XaiipoHa^ cjaBHufi cbooh) RpinocTbio. OepBosa^ajb- 
Ro Bbicrpoea-b obi* 6b]a'b eiue opa A64yppaxiiafli HI, bo 60004^4- 
cTBia BpeMeBB 6bij'b aaaHBTe^bao pacnpocrpaaeR'b h ycBjeaii opa 
XaiipaHii, oT<iero b aocaj-b ero ana ^ ABi-IIIaRaH4a (f 1231 r.) 
Bii CBoefi noxaa^i AB4a4y8iB, roBoperb Xafipaa-fc, aaR'b o rocy- 
4ap'b, 4io6a6nieM'B jarepaTypy a navRa, Beer4aaiBeMT» noRpoBBTe- 
4*6 yqeRbix'b. allpa B4a4'6Te4axi> Me4RBXi> rocy4apcTirb (petty king- 
doms) 4*140 Bayaa a 4BTepaTypbi ae ooTepajo, a aBaHBTeubiio bu- 
arpajo orb laRoro pa34'b4eBia, Ror4a Raac4b]fi rocy4apb oool^pa4^ 
4UTepaTypy, 4acHa4^ a sKaaoaaj-b yneabixiif uie4po BarpaHC4aji% 
BX'b aa Tpy4bi. r4aBB0H> BX'B 3a6oTOio 6bi4o, sTo6bi roBopa4H apo 
UBXi): TBRoii-TO y^ieabiii aaxo4aTCJi B'b Be4aR0Mi> yBasReHia y raRoro 
TO rocy4apfl«— — B4B Taaoil-To noari) aecbaa jtwCmwh araM'b rocy- 
4apeM'b. Kn >iBC4a aTaxii iie4Raxi> rocy4ap^H B'trb hb 04Horo, 

ROTOpblil 6bl Be OT4B*^a4Ca CaMblHB 64eCTaiXlBMfl Ra^eCTHaMB, bjh 

Be ocTaBa4'b 6bi do ce6t ej'i»40B'b, ROTopux'b Be BCTpe6arb pyna 
BpeMeBB a ROTopbie nepe&4yrb B'b dotomctbo cosaHeRi^Ma opato- 
poBii a DOdTOBi*. TaROBM 6b]4a CjaBBBCRie eaayxB a4b-MaH3opa, 
BoacTaBDDie no ero cMepTa bi» cbobx'B aaiffccTaa^ecTBax'b a o6ih- 
BBBDiie CBOK) ReaaBBCBiiocTb, RaR% aaap. Mo4Hcera4'b, AloB4Bpi^ 

1. Gayang. I, 50. 

2. MoB4Hpi> npuBa4Jesaj'ii n> Apa6cRott ♦aMnaia ToAmn6uAOh'b. Cm. Doxy 
Rcch. I, tuiT. 



O CJABilHAXl> BX MAJOli A31H, Bl A4»PHK'fi H Bli HCQAHIU. 291 

(sic) B Xaopau-b, ue roBopa yaice o6i» Apaocsax-b rocy4apaxi» ;iii- 
BacTiB BeHH X66aA0Wh9 apo«i. 

npe^iyBCTByA apii6aH»ceHie cuepTu, Xafipaiii> npB3Ba4i> K-b 
€66*6 3oraHpa, po^Haro CBOero 6paTa, 6biBinaro npaBUTej[eMi> Myp- 
cIh \ On-h ocTaaajcfl npa Sparb 40 no(M'ib4uaro ero B34bixauia, 

OOTOM-b BBflJCfl Uap04y BMtcrii CTi I]6in>-A66aGCOM'b , KOTOpblB 

DOBicTBj-b: «Xajiia4»'B Xafipau'b opeeMUBKoMi cbohmi> ua3HaHBwiT> 
6paTa SoraBpa, hto bu Ra dTo cKasKeTen? Hapo4'b 6biaii bi> bo- 
cToprfe OTi> dToro Bia6opa b 3oraBp'i« cTa4'& aapcTBoaaTb &!> A^b- 
MepiB Cb BiiTHBiibi, 31 uan 1028 ro4a ^. 

O Soraapt chbtbio He b3jh koubmii apflsecTB cji4yioiuia ciosa 
^03b: «3oraBp'b p'fcuiBTejbBO oTRaaajca noc4'lb40BaTb opBiiiipy 
116Hi»-^3KaxBapa Kop40BCRaro b Ambpb40bi> BajeuciB, JteHiu b 

TopT03bI, ROTOpbie Wb 0RTfl6pi> BJR B'b HOii6p'fc 1 037 t. DpB3Ua4H 

cBOBMi> zaJB^oM-b PBinaMa^ II, TaRi* RaRi* H6ii'b-A66a4'b yatpa jx 
ifx-b, 1TO dTOTb xa«iB4»7i, o64a4aBiiiitt BecbMa pt4RiiM'b apaBOMT> 
4BaHC4bi noRB4aTb €Boio Morfljy «npeaK4e, I'fcii'b pa34a4ach Tpy6a 
crpauiHaro cy4a» RaR^ BbipancaacH II6B'b-raBiiii'b« hto dTorb xa- 
^H^^-b Haxo4RTCH B'b CeBBJbi. JlxH BaRasaHia 3oraapa Mbraiie4'b 
II6B'b-A66a4'b BbiC4a4'b apoTBB'b aero BoficRo; ao oa-b npaaaa^-b 
ce&k aa aoHOutb Bep6epcRaro rhbsa rpaDa4bi« ra6yca, Hbe Boti- 
CKO ■ coe4BaHwiocb c'b SoraapoBbiiTb. Do Bcefi aipoBTaocTB Ce- 

BB^bCRlfi 0Tpil4'b 6h\A'h C4BniR0irb CJa6'b AAB TOrO, HToS'b BCTy- 

OBTb vh 6oB crb dTBMR 4ByMA coe4aaeHabiMfl 0TpA4aMB; no apafi- 
Hocra BsrfccTBo, ^to oaii Bopoia jca B'b CeBB^ibio, ae 6biBinB bii cpa- 
aceaifl. Soraapi* ocrajca vh Baaali, a Fadycb Bepayjca.BiMa^ary; 
BO dTOTb nocj'fc4Bifi yMepx rb iioa'b 1 038 r. b eMy ooc4'fe40Baj'b 
ero cbia-b, BaAflCb. Soraapi* b Ba4BC'b BCTyna^a bi> aeperoaopbi 
4^8 B03o6tfoBjeaifl coioaa, 6biBaiaro iieaR4y SoraapoHi* a otoomi* 
Ba4aca. Ho neperoBopbi dTB ae apaaeja r^ acejaaauM'b nocjt4- 
CTBiairb; aanpOTRBi> Toro obb T04bRo aoccopajacb Me9K4y eo6oii 
a o&bflBBJB 4pyrb 4pyry Bofiay. Uocji 4ecaTB4'bTaflro aap- 
CTBoaaaia Soraap'b 6bi4'b y6Brb B'b cpaaceaia npa Ajbayaare, Bb 
oRpecTBocTflX'b rpaaa4bi , B'b Roaat iio^a bjb B'b aaiajt aary- 

1. Dozy: Rech. I, 63. 

2. Dozj: ib. 30. '^ 



292 B. H. jIAMABCRArO, 

cTa 1038 r. \ TaKii npeKpaTBjacb CwiaBHBCKafl AHHaeTiA wh Ajik- 
Mepia. 

UocMOTpMM'b 9Ke Teaepb,RaRafl Hce 6b] ja o6jacTb, HMisuiaA y 
Ge6fl4Byxi» rocy4apefi, po^Hbixb SpaTbee^, npiipo4Ubix'b CjiaBflBx, 
cji40BaBUiflxi> 04flB'b aa 4pyrBMi> n ynpaBJHBWHX'b crpaBoio B'fe- 
CROdibKO 4ecHTROB'B jirb, TaRii RdR'b H3B'fecTH0, iTo XafipaBi> eme 
adib-MaBaopottCB (f 1002 r.) GhiAit BaaBaieBi* npaaBTejeirB dToa 
o6jacTB. nepe4aeii'B c^osa ^oaa: 

«rocy4apcTBO Ajibnepi&cRoe 6mao 04B0i0 h3i» npeRpacB^fi- 
uiBXii B npocTpaBBlftmax'b o6jacTefi bi> HcoaBia. Bi* aeMi* jenca^B 
Ha cbBepo-BOCTOR-fc ropo4a Mypcia, Oparydja a XaTBBa, a aa cfc- 
Bep'fe-3ana4'fc Eaaaa, Jlmejfh a Baaaa. TaRBMi> oCpaaoM'b oao o6hb- 
Maao co6ofo uocToqayio lacxb xajat^aia Kop40BCRaro 40 Cbeppbi 
MopeBbi, r4'h aanaaajacb o6jacTb Tojie4CRafl (sib 425, t. e. wh 
1034 r. Soraap'b 0Bwia4'b<ff'b 4peBBefo pe3a4eBaieio xajBOOBii a 
4aH<e rocB04CTBOBaj'b b^ aefi b-l Dpo40JHceHiB naTBa4iiaTB m^ca* 
newb ch BO^oBBBOio); lOHcayio qacTb RopojiescTBa ^uceB'B, 6oraTyio 
npeRpacBUMB, DJ04opo4BbiMa 40jaBaiia, BocroRHyio nacrb Ropo- 
jeecTBa rpaBa4CRaro, aM'^amyio bi> to speMA orpoMsyio BaacHocTb 
BOTony 4T0 noprb AjbMepiB a9T» acbx'b BoproB-b HcBaacRBxx 6bLi'B 
Baadojte BOcfcuiaeM'b, Bej'b ToproBJio Becbiia aaaHaTeJbayia, bo- 
qTB Bce RopojeBCTBO MypcificRoe ', crpaay, ci> jbxboio BoaaarpasK- 
4aiOBiyio cja6b]e Tpy4b] flbiB'fcBiBaxi> ^euAeA'kjihn.ewh^ qro apoBo- 
4H'rb CBOio xcaaBb bt* deaneqaocTa a flpa34B0CTa a, ae 4yiiafl bb 
o RBRBxi* yjyqiiieaiiixx, cfeiorb a ca4fl'rb raR'b, rbrii ca/(ajB a 
cfeflja ax'b oTBbi; hto xce 40J»Ba 6bijia npaaocnTb ara SoraTaa 
cTpaaa Bpa MaspaxTi, acRycB'lkfimaxi> a Tpy4o^io6aB'feiifliBxi> se* 
Mje4t4baax'b, KOTopbiX'b Ror4a ja6o aaii^a HcflaaiA? KoBeqao, 
Tor4a Bejb3fl 6biJO CRaaaTb, tto roaopa^'b Bnocjii>4CTBiB, a tbri* 
capaBe4JiaB0 Rap4flBaj'b Bejjyrar «E) cielo y el suelo buenos, ei 
entre suelo malon, cojiane a seM^a BpeRpacBbia, a ito MeHC4y aa- 
MB, TO 4paBb. Ha MtcTO BbiatmHBX'b MypcitiueBi*, aoncaoiaxca 
paao a BcraiOBiBX'b bo34bo , i4fluiaxi> ao bbtb pa3T» bi> 4eBb 



1. Dozy: Rech. I, 65. ' « 

2. 3ana4Baji etx> qacTb, uemAy npoqRMii DlHHCHJbJi, DpHHaAtevaja Kopojiea- 
CTBJ Toje4cKpiiv. 



n C.IABflriAXl> Bli MAJoii A31U, B'b A4»PaK'B B Bl> ucnAUiu. 293 

y CojihinyH) 4acTb abb ooR^pnBaiomHXi* CBoe cigairro Apa6cKie 
xcBTC^H BToro ropo4a, ao CBH4'fcTe4i»CTBy ain-IIIaKaH4H, 6biJH ua- 
po4i> Becbua MyHcecTBeuBbifi, ee TepaiBmifi nparlcHeHiH u uacii* 
aia. Bi> HacToamee Bpeva Mypcia nojyqaeTii h3bu']> oomth Bcb 
ape4iieTbi cBoero noTpe6jeHifl h 4aH<e U'b6i bi> ro4a3acyxii;npa . 
Apa6axT> sKe bi» aroM'B ropo4'fe MHoro 6bi40 <i»a6pR&i>: TaBfli> MeHC4y 
npo*iHMii HsroTOB^AJH 4parouf>Huyfo Marepiio, aaai^THyio 004*^ hmo- . 
BeMi» eauiu (waschj). rocy4apcTBo A^ibMepificRoe eme o6iniMa40 
co6ofo lOHCHyio «iacTb axoro 6jaro4aTHaro RopojeBCTea Bajeucin, 
r4^ pacTHTejbHocTb 0T4H4aeTCfl CBOHMi> 6oraTCTBOM'b H pa3Hoo6- 
paaieifL, o6jacTb Operyajy, npo4043KeHie FyapTu, aToro ca4aMyp- 
eiB, Dpe4CTaBjiaioiiieii co6oio pfl4i> ca40B'b, VAt pacTyn* BM'fecrfc 
4epeBbfl ooMepaHuoBbia h jHMOHHbifl, BflHfl4ajbHbifl n rpanaTOBbifl; 
HaROHem> npeRpacHbiit h 6orarbm ropo4'b XamBy, 3HaMeHHTbi& cbo- 
efo 6yiiaroio, He HutBuieio ce6'b no4o6Hofi bii utjoBTB mp'fc \ 

BecbMa nouHTHo, mo TaRaa o6jacTb 6biTb HOHcerii npeRpa- 
cHiiiiiiaa BOBceu HcaaHiH b'b aro BpeMa404}KHa6bua6biTb a6^o- 
ROMii pa34opa coc'&4HQx b aiiBpoBi». TaRi» no cMepTH 3oraHpa, A 6* 
4o-4-a3B3'b a4b-MaH3opb BdJenciiicRifi nocntuiMj-b 3aBaa4'ikTb eio 
nojii T^Mii npe4Jon»M'b« mo ona cocTaBjneTi* ero 3aROUHoe na- 
Cwi1;4ie, b6o bi> ueH rocao4CTBOBaj'b BajbHOOTnymeHUBRii ero a>a- 
MHjiH. Ho Bi) TO BpeMfl, RaRii 6bui> OHi> B^ AjbMepia, Mo4»cerH4'b, 
rocy4apb ^eaiiicRiii, Hero4ya na aero b 6631) coMHtnia oaacaaeb 
ycR^enia coct4a, Bocnojbsoaa jca 0TcyTCTBieMi> A64o-ji-a3H3a 11 ua* 
naa-b Ha RopoacBCTBo BajeHcia ^. 



1. ll4pHca. 

2. Dozy: Reefa. I, 06 et buIt. TaifcRO npH Xattpaat ■ 3orBBpt u. 0ujo rairb 06- 
mapeo rocjr/uipCTBO A^bMepia; TaKii ^03h roBopHTB: ((Una grande partie des TJlIes 
qui avaient ob6i ^ Zohair, lorsque la priaclpaut6 d'AIm^rie ^tait plaa considerable 
qa'elle ne I'a Jamais M depuis..^ Cm. raaxe Gayang. II, 806. Becbva vbpoflrao, <rTO 
y 6paTfceB'b Xaftpaaa h Soraapa, iipBpo4Bux'b Cjaaaai, Myaraao Beva4o an> coo4e-^ 
aeuBBKOB-b. CiaBflBBB'b HsAsa, ai* copoKoauxi* ro^ai'b XI b., npaBBBmitt IllettToio a 
Majaron, Goyiepmaj-b opa ce6^ cbob> CjaaaacKyio raapAiio. HaicoBem* B'b Bucnieft 
cTeneaa vbpoBTao, hto C4aBBae B'b Hcnaaia caysaja ae tojeko vh cyzonyTBUX'b 
Bottcxax'b, HO a bo ♦jot^. (Cm. crarbK) aainy o CiaBBBaxii B'b A^parb. g I). ropo4'b se 
AjbMepifl 6u4-b r4aBB'bttmBM'b aopcKBM-b nopTOM'b a 0T4aHa4Cfl ceoeio Bep<»bio, aa 
KOTopoB CTpoa4acb npeaocxoyiubifl cy^ia. Cm. Gayaog. I, 51, 358. Tavae G6ogr. 
d'Edrisi... trad... par Am. Jaubert. Paris. MDCCCXL. II. 43—45. aLe port de cette 
rille recBTait des raisseaux d'Alexandrie et de toute la Syrie, et il n'y avait pas, dans 
toate TEspagne, de gens plus riches, plus indusiricux, plus commercants que ses ha- 



294 B. H. JAMAHCKATO, 

CjaBflHHU'b Ho43KerH/it, towe Biiojiut>3ac4y»ciiB;iiomeMi>Ha' 
me BHHMaiiie, apBBoncy caiiiyiouiifl no4po6iiocTii h3i> ajib-MaKapn.' 

c(Ha BajeapcKHXT> ocTpoBaxn, Bja4b]4ecTB0Baji» Mo4HcerH4'i> 
H6iiT>-A64Hwija ajb-AMHpH, npo3BaHHbifi A6y'ji'dMriK)rm [omixh ap^ 
mih) b cuh'MoeadeKb (6^aro4eHCTByiomiH no mhjocth EoHtieii). Do 
cMepTu CBoero noBe^iHTe^fl Mo4xcerH4'i> 0Bja4'i^A'i» ropo40M'b ^euieio 
[ta^ ohi> 6hijL'h ry6epHaTopoMi>), a Btioc^tjcTBin cTa.fi> HeaaBHCH- 
MbiMx rocy4apeii'fc Ba ocTpoBaxi* BajeapcKiiiLii *. To 6biji'b ae^ 

yCTpaOlBMbtfi BOBH-b H OBblTBblfi MOpflKl>. ¥ IflerO BCer4a 6^411 BOCH 

py»ceHBbifi o^ioTB, ci« KOTopbiBfb OHi> 4'l>iia.fi> BbicB^KB BB 6epera 
4[^paBaiB a HrajiB. fFoRa obi* dbu-bHCHBii, BB04HH'i>Ropa64i>tpB- 
cTiaHCKifi Be cu'Li'b nycRaTbCB bi> Cpe4B3eMBoe Mope. 

A4b-roiiaB4B paacKaabiBaerb , ito Mo43Keru4'i> po4B.icfl B'b 
Kop40Bi, vxk aaBBHBJ'b BasRflbifl 40JBCB0CTM (ofTices of trust). Ho 
ydiesia A64yppaxtfaBa, ero aoRpoBBxejiR, Ror4a HaqajiBCb bi> Ab- 
4a4y3iB yco6Biibi, b 6opiooiijicfl' napriB crajB oTUHinaTb 4pyrb y 
4pyra o6jacTB, Mo4HcerB4'b ct moJMoio ceouxn/ipuHepofcem^Hb *, y4a- 

4H4CB fla OCTpOBB AB4a4y3CRie , 04040p04Bbie B npocTpaHBbie. 

Ok^ oejiadrbjn tucti, otcumejieU npunyduji^ irn nosuHoeemio ^, 0TCK)4a 
cflapa4nBii ojorb, Mo4»eerB4i» ornpaBBJca Rb Cap4BHiB, 6o^buioiiy 
ocTpoBy PyMa, 6o4bmeio qacTbio ero obx 0Bja4'ivi'B. 3to apoBcxo- 
4B40 Bi> 406 B4B 407 (1075 — 17 r.)« BcRop'K 04HaRo sa^ajacb 
ccopbi MCHuy ^ro jii04bMB; Tor4a PyMU, ycajeBBbie ^BOBb]MB, no* 

bitanifl, ni plus onclins^ioit sd laze el ii la d^pense, soft k ramoarde Ibdsaoriteni. — 
«AIm4ria etait une Tille tr^ importante, trds commercaDle et frfefr^qoenC^e paries 
Toyageurs; il n'jr en arait pas en Etpagne de plaa ricbe el de plus populeuse. Le 
nombre des caravans^rails enreglstr^s k la douane 6talt de mille molns trenle» (970). 

1. FaHnrocb (TI, 506} aaMtHaerii npn cen: «According to Ibna Khaldiiu, Mu- 
jahid was the 8on of Tusuf, son of 'All, a mauU of Al- niansur. in the yenr iOO 
(a. d. 1010], after the assassination of Al-mubdi, IBnjigid left CordoTa with 4ither 
partisans of the family of Umeyyab, and joined the forces of Al-murtadhf. When 
the latter was defeated by Z&wi and put to death, Alc^ihid with drew to Tortosa, and 
took possession of it He then left that city and went to Denia, where he likewise 
assumed supreme aathority». 

2. Koae*iBo, tfojiBujaH aacn drnxi npnaepseBiieB'b h nocj^oaaTeaelt Ciaaa- 
uHHa Mo4neniiia, ec4H ue act, 6ujii Cjaaane. 

3. These he subdued, keeping the inhabitants under his obedience. Koueneo, 
MoAmeruA'h OBja^tJi ocrpoaaMB fiajeapcKHiiB ne Cea'b atKoroparo conpOTBBjeaia 
CO CTopoou acBTejeft. 



O CJ.XBHIIAXb B^ BflAwlOU A31Ht Bit AOPHIi'B B B^ HCnAHlH. 295 

Aoiue4iueBiB Ki> HBifB ooARp'^njeHiAMH, HanajB ua MoAH€erB4a b 
QOTOQHJB flicROdibKo Kopa64efi ero. Ci> iiiwibio caacTa oGTajibHoe 

> M 043KerB41> BOnpeKB COBiiTaMli OnblTBblXl* MOpflROBIi, nyCTHJCH 

Bi» Mope R 6ojkmaA qacTb ero Ropa6je3 noTepntja CTpainHoe Kpy* 
meHie. — «fl cjbimajii>,— roBopBTii ajb-roMaa4B, on» Aoy-Mora- 
He4a... IloHTi-'raaMa, a toti> cjibimatA-h dTO oti» A6y-^b-^oTyxa,... 
conpoROHc^asmaro Mo^HcerHAa b-l ero Gap4flHCR0Mi> noxoAi^v — ito 
Mo43KerH4'b BOUie.ii> ci> cbobmii <i»40tomi> Bi noprb, npoTBBHoyn'fc- 
uiaBiflMi> A6y-Xapy<i»a, Ha^iajbHBRa MopHKOBi*. E4Ba TOJbRo Bb- 
meji> <t»joT'b Bi> 3Ty raBaub, KaR-b no4HHwiacb 6ypa, paadbaBuiaii 
cy4a o opH^HBinaa Hx^ ki> deperaM'b, r4'fc >K4awiB hxi* xpRCTiaiie; 
TaRi> qTo BMi> aerKO 6b] jo nepe6HTb b 3a6paTb bt* n j'iba'b Mycy Jb- 
uau-b. — f(Mo4H;erB4'b BopoTH^CA ua ocTpoBa BajeapcRie h qepeaii 
H'icROJbRo BpeiueHB 0Bja4t^'b ropo40M'b Jleuieio * rafk oH^b b yc- 
TpoBJi. CBOK) pe3B4euuiio B r4'k ocTasa JCii 40 caMoil CBoeil CMeprii 
(436 — 1045 r.). EMy llacJi>40Ba4'Le^oeb]H'b,AJlB^o4HaKOBCKopt 
BO.ibHooTnymeuHBR'b oTua ero, no BMeHB Mo6ainBpi> ^ 0B4a4iiJ'b 
ocrpoBaMB Ba^eapcRBMB b rocD04CTBOBaji> ua urxi> no4T. mmc- 
Hewh HacBpo-4-40ja (Nasiru-d-daulab). Dps HeMi> xpacTiaae €41^- 
jiajB Bbica4Ky Ha ocTpoBi* MaiopKy m saBoeBa.iH ero, xoth He Ha 
4o.iro: MycyjbMaHe ero otuhjb y uaxx. MeHC4y TtM'b Ajh npo- 

i. FaHurocB aasilHaeT-b npa ceu'b: nThis contradicts what has been said aboTe, 
namely, that Alujahid was governor ofOenia when the djnastjr of the BeniUmeyyah 
was orerthrown; hot all is explained by a passage from An-nuwayri) cited by M. 
Weyers in bis excellent notes to Ibn Khakin (p. 114). According to that diligent hi- 
storian, Mujahid was governor of Deuia, when Abdullah Al-muaytti and other di- 
stinguished citizens of Cordova, who had 'escaped the massacre commapded h^ Su- 
leyman, took refuge in his dominions. Mojiihid treated AlmuayttI with much consi- 
deration and respecU gare him a share in the government, guided himself entirely by 
his advice, and went so far as to resign all bis authority into his bands, and to have 
him proclaimed King ofDenia... (1014). Three months after... (March 1015) Al- 
muaytti and Mujahid sailed to the Eastern (or Balearic) islands and took possession 
of them. In Rabi' the flrst of the ensuing year (406 Aug. or Sept. a. d. 1015) Al- 
muaytti sent Mujahid to Sardinia with a fleet of one hundred and twenty sail. Ma- 
jahid conquered that island, and remained In it until the end of the year, when a 
sudden and combined attack of the islanders compelled him to*set sail and return to 
Deoia, where, finding Al -muaytti dead, he took liossession of the governments. 

2. Mu yxe aume aaMtTHJH, hto eeuyxt ne^baa Bcer4a noBBHaTb 6yKBajibao. 
TaKi> H Mo4«enu'b naauaaeTCA eBByxoMi>. 

3. Motfamnpi cm. Gayang. 1, App. C. p. XL VIII. 



I 



296 B« H. .lAMAHCRArOy 

AOJHcajii npaBBtb ^eeieio^H fsoctAHiiMB OBpyraMH, noKa He 6f»idi'b 
6b]rHaHi> AdibMopaBB4aMHD ^ 

CjaeaHHH'b Mo4aKern4'bt ao4o6flo coojeaetaBBKairB cBoMTir 
4Hca<t»apy, 4»aTBHy, Xafipaay, diio6Hji> BayRn b jBieparypy. ^o 
HacB Aom^xh cji'&4yK>iuiii jioSonbiTHufi paacRaa^ aiu*UlaRaHAB: 

ffOAMWh mrh BejBRa^oiHX'b npBM'bpoB'b Be^BKOAymifl, Ror4a 
•ih6o oRaaaHHaro rocyAapeMi* CBoejuy 11044a HBOMy,oTRpbii>aeTCfl 03% 
Cgi'b4yK)niaro cjyqaA, Morymaro (MyHCBTb nu4TBep9K4eBieiitTi hb- 
tnax'b cjioBi> (0 ToH'b, Hto B rocy4apB, Bp8p<»4Bbie CUaBflae* KBR-b 
fianp. Mo4HcerB4% b Xaflpaa-b Boooipff jb y^eabiX'B)* PaacRasibiBa- 
K)n»i HTO objiojopb A6y-ra4B6i»flanflradii>KaR'B-To o4bo npeRpa^ 
cuoe coHBBCfHie; Mo43KerB4'b aab-AiiBpB, 6b]Baiiii tor4a rocyAa* 
pem-b Wb ^eHiflf nocaajib evy Vh ao4apoR'B Tbicii«iy 4aBaporfc a 
6oraTbifi Hapii4'b« Tpe6yA on* Bero &*& cBoio oHepe4b, 4To6bi ovb 
tiaaBcawii> bx aa^a^'bi ^to eo«iBHeHie bto Banucaiio no ero Bpima- 
aaHiio, 04BaR0 A6y-l'ajB6'b He eorjiacB^cji aa dTo b ao4apaKi» 
oTocjiaax Ba3a4'fc Ch taRBirb oTBiroM'b: «CoqBHeHie CBoe a nacarb 
4411 ny64BRB B aepe42i^B cBoero fluefla ooTOBfctsy; ecjM ace aa'fc 
noiitcTHTb Bii sarjaBia qbe flB6y4b 4pyroe bma, RpoiffccBoero, to 
B BCfl HecTb 6y4eT'b OTaeceHa Kh Toay aauy. H^tb, a aa srro ae 
cor*iaceHi>D. Kor4a atoT'b oTatrb 6bMi> 4ocTaB4eHi> Mo43KerB4y« 

to 0H% BMicTO T0r0» HT06h\ o6B4itbCfl BM'b, oieBb eiiy pa40BaJCJI 

B y4HBjawicfl BejB*iiio, MyHcecTsy a ptuiBMocTv aexopa. Oh'b oto- 
cjaji* R^ A6y-ra4B6y no4apRB, apBRa3aBi» eay cRaaaTk, ^HTooH-b 
Bo BCHKolii> cayiat Mor'b 6bi yaoMBByTb 060 Mfli bi» caoefi KBaHk, 
taKi> Raicb Do4o6Hbia Bema 4'kiaK)TGA RaHC4bifi 4eHb; BapoMeaii a 
6ojile Ha TOM-b ae HacTaBBaio» ^ 



1. OG-b A4H cii. Gayang. I, 506— tt07. 

2. Gayang. II, 257--25& * 

3. Gayang. 1, 35 — 36. Tame Doxy: Rech. 1,.14i. 4eHiN pacDpocTpauflercfl tto- 
rpa^i HiipBCH. npBBOxy ero cjoia o neil bo ^pami. nepeB.AMeA*^o6epa:«c'eat une jo- 
lie Tille maritime arec on faoboiirg bien peup!^ Btte esl ceinte de fortes muraillea, et ces 
murailles, du c6t6 de I'orient, ont M prolong^es jusque dant la mer, aTec beaucoap 
d'art et d 'intelligence. La tille est d^fendoe par un chateau fort qui domioe les ha- 
bitations. Rile est entoar^e de Tignobles et de plantations de flguiers. II s'y fait des 
expeditions de natires pour les contr^es les plus lointaines de Torient; il en partaossi 
des flottes et des armements pour la guerre, et il s'y hbrique des narires, car c'est 
un chantier de constructionsi). (G4ogr. d'Edrisi. Paris. AIDCCCXL. II, 37—38). 



O CJABilUAXl> Bli HAJott A3III, B^b. A4>PnK« If BTb tfCHAHlll. 297 

Ca6y|rB, CuBiuifi na»^ 4»afl0Ra, nepemejiii on> cBoero npe»c- 
uiiro rocao4HHa rti a^b-Maaaopy h noAbdOBBACB y Hero BejBKoio 
40BibpeHHocTbio. B'fcpoflTHO eiu« npe ajib^Mar4H oa'b npoBoarjia- 
CHj-b cBOiO eeaasBCHMocTb h otr^w^ii Kh npacaiHb, Katc% FaiflaMj 
11, Tasi B Cy^iefiMaHy. Oh'b ocxaBsajicfl B-b BaAaxodb HeaaBBCBMbiM^ 
roGy4apeirB 40 cbmob cbobh CMepttf (oic«1028 r.}. Ca6ypy nocjii-* 
4083411 A6404jax'b*6eH'ii-Mac4aMa, iro4b30BaBinificiiorpoiiHOi0 4o^ 
BtpeHHOCTbio Ca6ypa; xora oh-b b BM^jb cbina, ho HeHcejaaBerb- 
pan rocy4apcTBo €4a6oMy pe6eHRy« obi» cbmii Bastta^Bj-b cbobm> 
opeeifHBKOiiii A64044axa, ROTopbiH h dbiui* ocHOBaTejenrb 4BHa-' 

CTIB A«TaCH40Bli. 

B^ XI ace BtRt opaBHTe4b bi» Toproat tf ea oRpecTHocTax-b 
6bijrh CjaBaHBH'b •3a6H6'b. Ho cjoBaifb ^o3h, y n6H'b-Eaccaiiff 
coxpaHBJBCb o HeMx RBRia-TO 4paroittHHb]a BdBisctia *'. 

Bi 1022 r. xa4B4»aToiii>Kop40BCRBM'b3aBja4'kii>8ria-*H6Hv 
A4B« 00 apo3BaBiio a4b-MoTa4fi, bo b-b c4ii4yK)meMi> iM^ f 024 r. 
OH'b 6'kHca4i» B-b Majary, r4'k npo6bi4i> nfbAhilk roai^j nom He y4a- 
4ocb ero npBBepHceHiiairb b^ Kop40Bib cuoaa opoB03r4acBTb era 
wh Kop40Bi. 04HaKO flria, anaa Bepacno409KeHie r-b ce6'fc Kop:409- 
aeBii, cBM'b B He BCTyna4'b b-b cT04Bay, a Ha3Ha<iB4'B cbobm'b Hairi-' 
cTBBKoiTB A64yppaxMaHa [16H'B-HTTa4»a, Roxopbifi BocTaBa4caB^ 
Kop40B'fe 40 1026 r.t Ror4a ea HCHxejB, BsrHaa'B n6B'^IlTTa<i»a, na- 

* 

3Ba^B4H CBOBM'B HpaBHTejeM'B o4Boro fl3^0MMaa40B'B. flria »ce T-fclTb 
BpeiieHeMi» paaryjBBaj'B ^'b BoficRoirb no crpaB'fc, pa33opa4i> ee B404b 
H oooepeR'bf DORa HaRoaeii'B ho npHSHajB ero Eep6epbi b He ycxy- 
nH4B eMy x'bx'h ropo40Bi», MicTeReRi* a Rpiaocrefi, ROTopbiaiB pac- 
D04ara4B cana. 3Ha«iHTejbH0 TaRBU'B o6pa3oirB ycB^BBmacB, flria 
plmB4ca fla^BTb Bofiay ci» Ii6Hy-A66a4oii'B, b-b TBep40irB naMtpe- 
eiu BdaTb CeBaabio. Ho ohb nona.!!! b% 3aca4y a. Cbui* yGuTh vb 
1035 r. ^ 

no cMepiB ero, A6y-.^a<i»ap'B b4b Hduii-EoReBfla a CjaBaa- 
cKik eBHyxii Ha4H6a^, ero BHsapa, y4a4B4BCb vb Hajary b rocy^ 



1. Bume a ysce BupasRj'b csoe npeAnojomenie Ba c^erb ero TOM40craeiuocTH 

Cli CjaBflHHBOMl* HCTOpHKOM'b ra6B60Ml». 

2. PaacKa3i> ajfc-roiiaa4B y Gayang. II, App. B, p. XIII. 

3. Ibid., p. XVII etc. 



298 B. U. JAMAHCKATO, 

AapeMi> npoBoarjacBJiH 6paTaflriH, I]4pii3a H6fiii--A an. TatcbsaKi 
cbjuoBbfl noKoiiunro, Taccaux b El4pii3'b, 6bi4H erne MaaojlTKy. 
BH3BpH oTopasHju roHUOBX Kii UAfU'sy^ 6hiBmeMy Tor4a-Bi> Uefi* 
vhf PAh owh 6bun» npaBHTe-ieM-b tosho raKHce, naR'B u bt* Tauxep'b 

M Bli DpBJe>KaiIlllXl> OKpeCTHOCTflXl*. Il4pB31> nOCntlUBJli B-b 

Maaary, rji ero npoBoar^acB^pu cb yc^OBieM-b, HTo6bi UeiiTy onii 
ycTynu^i* CBoemy njeMBHHBRy, PaccBHy, M.ia4Uieiiy b cDoco6Hiii- 
nieaiy cbiay JlriH. Ha4Hca OTopaBB^CB b^ A<t»pHRy, BBeui* Faccaua 
BO B4a4'feBie UeiiTOio b TaHxepoMii. Bii 1040 r., no CMepTB R4' 
pB3a, crapinii Bdi* ero CbiaoBeii, flria, '6hiA'h apoB03rjao]eHi» xa- 

.IBOOBfb CTapaBIAMB BBSBpa I16Bl>-B0ReBBb]t ROTOpbtfi BOpoqeil^ 

Be 40Jro nojbdoBajCfl cbobmi* BjiaHieMii. E4Ba npBOiJio b-b UeiiTy 
BSBicrie o cMepTB Ha^bsb^ RaKii G^aBBHBfli* Ha4xca, ynpasjaB- 
niifi B'b dT0Bii» rop04f>, p'feniBjca opoB03rjiacBTb xajB«i»0Mi> BiiMa- 
4arb ajb FaccaBa, cbiua flrieaa. Ha BpeuH CBoero oTcyTCTBia no- 
pysBBii ynpaBjeuie ^ly^auB o4uoiiy b3X cbobxi* coDJeMeBBBROBi \ 
Ha4Hca BM'bcTi ce FaccanoM'b ornpaBBjca B'b Ma^ary. HCbx-Bo- 
RCBBa 6iimRA'b, a U^a'skb cb FaccaaoM-b Bcrynn^B B'b ropo4'b, oo* 
cjili «iero 6ep6epbi b Bapo4'b cRopo npoB03rjacB4B cero nocwi'i>4- 
BHro xajB<s>0M'b. FaccaB'b nocjiajii» 3a Hdfl'b-KoKeiiBoio, odimaa 
eMy nponieaie, ec4B oB'b BopoTHTca B'b Majary; no BepByamBeb, 
owh 6hWh yCtiTb, TaRBce RaRi> b 4Boiopo4UbiB 6parb FaccaaoBi 
flrifl' H6B'b-U4pB3i>. Tor4a Ha4Hca Bepnyjca B'b IJ,eiiTy« ocraBBBb 
npB FaccaB'b 04Horo CTaparo uopaRa, Rp'bnRo eMy npe4aBBaro, 
B3Bi$cTBaro no4'b BMeneifb anj*II]eTB<frB. Ho FaccaB'b napcTBoaajb 
Be 6oA'te 4Byx'b ji'i>rb, 6y4y4u y6B'rb CBoeio Hsenoio, 40MepbH> ero 
4fl4B, diipBaa. 

Ho CMepTB Faccaua, aoi-LLleTB^B npnuHJ'b ynpaBwieuie 4*^11 
By 3aR.ii04BB'b B'b TCMBHuy H4|iB3a Hou i.-}Iriio, 6paTa noRoiiaaro 
xajB4»a, BSBtiCTaj-b Ha4aKy o BceM-bcayiUBuieMca. Faccaai. ocra- 
BB4'b ua pyifinx-b Ha4HCB Majo^iTuuro caoero cbiua, ROToparo, ro- 
Boparb, dTOTi) CLiaBflBBBv (that Sclavonian)yMepTBB.ii», ycjbixasi 
o cMepTH ero oTna. Ho 04aH'b Borb 3uaeT^ npaB4y — npB6aB4Herb 
oT-b ce6a ajb*FoMaB4B. 



1. Ajtb-romBHA9 y TaJiBroca: nHaTiog appointed a man of his own nation to 
command in his absenceo. ib. p. XVIU. 



O CJABflUAXl* B^ MAJOU A31lf, 81 A4>PUK'B H Bl> HCDAHIH. 299 

Tenepb 3a4yMaj'b Ha4H€a 3aB^a4'bTb uapcKOio B^acTbio. Hopy-^ 

«IIIB^ 04H0My H31> CB0BX1> B-fepilblXb CODJeMeHHaROB'b ^ BanaJbCTBO 

Ha4'b UeHTOK) H TanxepoMTi, ohi> ornpaBBjCJi B'bMajary. Mocbo- 
eM'b npR6biTiH oht* saK^ioiBJiii Hjpaaa H6B'b-Ariio wh eme 60- 
jrbe TflHCRoe 83KJio<ieBie, ycB^BJi> 3a BBM-b Ha43opi> a Bci cbob 

4'kfiCTBiil RaapaBHai> K'b TOMy, HT06bl COBepmeHBO JBinBTb BJaCTB 

6eiiB-raccaH0Bl> a cdMOHy BcrynflTb aa npecTOjr-b. Gi>9TOiou'fejbio 

OITb BOCJiaJli 3a B0MC4flttB Bep6epCRBMB, OTRpbMl* BMlt CBOB uaMi)- 

peRiB, od'bmaB bM'b, wb csy^ah ycdixa, 6oraToe B03uarpaH€4eHie. 
Ohh 6bMR TJijxm Ha Bcb iipe4^0HceHiM Ha4HCB b hb 048^1 b31> 
riBxi> Be o6'fema4'b eMy homoiiib; no^arafl 04uaR03Ke, mo bmii eme 
He BpeMfl aT4'fewiaTbCfl bobc& orb Ua49KB, Bep6epbi D04a^H Bfl4i>9 
mo OBB o4o6paioT'B ero n^aubi b 4aHce crajB napysKBo noMorarb 
euy, xotii BO rjy6BH'fe 4yniB TaBJiBcoBct>Mi>4pyriB qyBCTsa. Bcro- 
p-fe noTOMi» Ha4^a co6paji> cboki apMifo (called together bis army) 
fl 48HHyjcfl ua AwibxesBpy cb rfcu-b HaAffcpeHieifbf HTo6bi BbirBarb 
OTTy4a MoraMe4a (16ui> ajb-KacBBia. B-b B'fecRo^bRo 4Heii OH'b 
oBja4'i^^i'b dTHM'b ropo40M'b; ho ycJbixaBii, ito H'tROTopue a3T> 
ero noc.i'b40BaTe^eS (followers) saMbimjiiiEorB npoTBB% nero bo3- 
cTanie, noco'bmBj'b BepHyTbcn wb cTOJBHy. Ha o6paTHOii'b ero ny- 
TM, B'fcROTopbie H3'i> Ha«iajibHBROBi> 3aroBopa, ooacaflcb Toro, — hto 
I]a4Hca, ysHaBii o nOwioHceHiB 4ija, pasoMi* pa3CTpOB'rb ero, HaRa- 
3aBx 04HHX'B B npocTHBi> 4pyrBXi», TafiRoMx y6'feHcajB Bnepe4'b h 
npBroTOBBJH 3aca4y b^ o4Boiirb ropeoM-b Dpoxo4'b« ROToparo ae 
Morb MBHOBaTb Ha4»ca, BopoqaBmiSc^ b^ Ma.iary. He npe4HyBCTByii 
BHRaKoS onacHocTBy Ha4Hca dkxaj'b cdoroSho BDepe4B ci> hchbo- 

mMH BCa4HRRailB B Bl> dTOII'b DpOX04'fe 6hlA'h BHe3aDHO aTBROBaHli 

Bep6epaMB. Ero C^aBflHCRaii rBap4ifl oT'b BHesaoaaro Haoa4eHiA 
6bua cMBTa a GbmaAa ^; Ha4?Ka na^-b 0041* y4apaMH y6ifiii'by b31> 
KOTopbiti) 4Boe 6bicTpo ooM^a^BCb B'b Majary^ Ry4a B'btxaja ohb 

Cb rpOMRBMB RpBRaMB: aJlo6pb1fl B'fcCTB, 406pblfl B'feCTRl Ha4HCa 

y6viTh»\ DoTOM'b ohb ycTpeMHjacb Ha 40M'b auhDIeTH^a a yuepr- 
BB.ia ero. Kor4a apmia npadbua B'b Majary, MATeacaaRa Bbipeja 

1. aUaying appointed one of his countrymen, in whom he could trust*, ibid, 
p. XIX. 

2. <iThe SclaYonians who composed his guard being thrown into confusion by the 
suddenness of the attack, ran awa; and deserted himo. fib. p. XIX). 



300 



B. H. 4AIIAUCRArO« 



H3i> TeuHuubi HApHsa II6u'b-flriio, h npoBoar^acuBi* ero xa^ii- 
tfroM-B, 4ajH eMy npacary ebpHocTB. Bee 9To apoacxoAHJo wh ^^e- 
Bpaai 1043 r. 

Ha/iHca 6bijn»y RasKerc^, ecjM He caMbiM'bdocj'bABHH'b, to o^i- 
BHM'b Rai> nocj'b4UHxi» CjiaBiiHi>, nrpaBiuHX'b 6ojie hjh Meirke 
aeamiTejbuyio pojb bi> MycyjbuaiiCKofi Hcaauin; no RpafiHOCTD mb 
cosHHeuiH ajib-MaKapH (bi> aepeBa4'fe FaaHroca) aocj'fc ceHnsch 
onBcaflHbix'b apoHcmecTBiii a ae uame^'B ynce hh o4uoro ynoiiH- 
uaaifl o CjaBaHaxi. 03% Toro o/iuaKo e4Ba jh bosmoskbo aaRaio- 
4aTb, HTO noc^t copoROBbix'B ro40B% XI b. Gjaeflfle coBepineBHo 
HcqeaaioTii bi> HcoaBia , viwh 604*116, qro HBr4'6 uo rosopBTCn o 
TOMTi, STo6bi G^aBHue, coeTaB4flBHiie.rBap4iioy HaftHSB aeroocra- 
BBBiDie, 6bi4B HCTpe6jieHbi. Becbua Bbpoarao naRoaeii'b , hto Cja- 
Baae 6bi4B B-b to apeMa a B'b UeSxt a bi> TaHxepi, r4'fc noaaaua- 
qeHiK) Ha4Hca, 6ki4i> apaBBTe4eHi> npapo4Hbifi GjaBaBRH'b; no scefi 
BtpoHTBOCTM 6bija TdRHce GjaBBue a bi> A4biiepia, ta^ bi> XI b. 
uapcTBOBaja 04ttfl'b aa 4pyrBMi> 4Ba 6paTa G4aBaBBBa, aaaoGxpo- 
aaxik BajeapcRBxi* a bi> ^enia, r4t vh XI me B'fcR'b aapcTBOBajb 
Mo43KerB4'b9 a B-b Topxoa'fe, vAh vh to »ce apeHa fiburb npaBBxe- 
4eMi> GjaBAHHBi •Aa6a6i>. 

Bo BTopoB noaoBaat XI b. GjaaaHe iioi^ja yTparaTb b'b ny* 
cyjbMaacRofi EIcnaHia cBoe npeMcuee aHa^ieaie, bo 404HCHbJ 6biJiH 
eme ocxaBaTbCA bi> Hefi a 4aHce, xota ae bi> npeHCHeii cTeoeaa, co- 
xpaaaTb cbok) Hapo4BocTb« dro ape4ao403KeBie csaraeMb dojie 

BtpOATBblM-b, ROr4a BCDOMHHM'b 0611 HCTOpBRf> ra6a6'fc, BaOBCaB- 

meM'b B'b XI B.: aflcHbia a no6t40BOCHbia 40Ra3aTe4bcTBa opoTMB-b 
Tixii, ROTopue OTpauaioT'b DpeBocxo4Bb]fl RasecTBa CjaaaH-bB. 
C4aBaHaBi> ra6R6'b caafb co6oio 40KaabiiiaeTi> , ^to Hapo4BocTb 
CajBAHTi IIcaaBCRaxi> eme coxpaHaaacb B-b XI b. 

Uamb paacRa3i> o cy4b6axi> GwiaBflHi* rb iiycyjbMaBCRoii Hc- 
aaaia Bcero jyime saRaiosflTb cjOBaiia o4Boro HcnaacRaro Apa6a, 
GjaBBaro eaoeio y«ieHocTbio a 4apoBaBiaMB. A6y-06eR4'b-Hjjaxii- 
a4b-BeRpB (t 1094 r.)* Be4B<iaiiiui& reorpaoi^ HcnaHia, oo4o6ho 
TOMy« RaR'b ero 4pyr'b, tl6B'b-raiiflHi>, 6biji'b BejaHaiiiUBM'b ea hc- 
TopaROMX *, naRor4a caMX Be BU'feasKaji'b as i. HrnaHia a noTOMy toji.- 



1. Doiy: Rech I, 296. 



O CJAB*flUAX1. BX MAJOii A3IH, Bl. AffrPHKIi H Bl> HCIIAHIH. 301 



Ro o6x 04H0Mi> rBoeHii 0Te«idiCTBt nepe/iaerb co6cTBeHHhia Ha6jio- 
iieHiH, Bi» 4p^riix'b Hce cjysaiixi» nojbsyeTCA qoctoahho lysKHMR 
Tpy^anB. dBbioncRH cboh ohi> npon3BOiiR^i>f — roBoparb ^oan \ 
uopfl40«iHO H To./iROBaTO, noji>3yACb opu CeMli Maccoio He40- 
ine4niBX'b 40 nacb coiRHeaifi, llBor4a paayuteTCii mohcho 6bi 
oosKejaTb, HTo6bi ouii MeHlie 40B'fcpflJi» RtKOTopbiMi* paacRaaatfii; 
HO 9TB cjyqaB ae raRib Maoroqac^eHHbi, RaRi> mokcho 6bi jo 6bi ohcb- 
4aTb, aaaa ero BiRi», Bpemi Mdia4eH«iecTBa KpflTHKH» ^. 

yaaaTb HB'feaie o CjiaBUBax'b Boo6me raRoro (lejoB'i^Ra, 04a- 
peuaaro Beo6b]RROBeHBbiiii» yMOMX a o6ja4aBmaro orpoMBbiHB cBt- 
4iHiiiiiB, yaaaTb, roBopio, Mataie reorpa4»a a jb-BeRpa, HCBBOiaro B'b 
XI B. H HBKor4a ae BbiiaHcasmaro bs'b Hcnaaia — b-b BbicoieK CTe~ 
BeHH Tenepb jio6oDbiTHo 4Jb aacb, yme aaaioiUHX-b o 6biTHOCT0 
CjaBflBi» B'b MycyJibuaacHoS Hcnania. aCjaaaae roBopRTi* oai>» 
HapoAit 6y&abifi« cTpamabiS a iioryqifi (nation redoulable, paissan* 
te ei imp^tueuse). Ecjb 6bi ohb ae 6bUB pa34'fe4eab] aa Be^aRoe 



i. IbM. 298. 

2. CHHTaK) 4OJr0M'b npaiiecTK MBtaie 4o3h o reoriNi<»B>iecKOMi» Cjoupt ajb- 
Revpa, BasuMiomeMCA cofiCTaeuHO ModoKOM Ma cmadAVOJi, t. e. AM0€t6um9 motOy 
Hmo Mtuo uMotbcmHo, uMoAMnwh^ DO cJOUHii yieuaro rojjaajita, eiiMBCTBeBButt 
rpjiii B-b GtoeMii poA^ ■ Apatfcvaa jvrepaTypa ae Moacerb npeAcraavrb Beqero do- 
4o6uaro 0TBocare4bB0 GorarcTaa u, Beo6uRBOBeBBoii to<ibocth DepeAaBaeMuxi B'b 
Heii CBlutaitt. Obi> co4epmBrb wh ceOt, do nopaAay A^paKaacKaro a4MiBBTa, ao- 
■eavjaTjpy aaccu Haea'b M-bcTBOcrell, ropi, p^Rii a np., Bcrp'^qaiomBxcfl B'b 4peR- 
RBxi ApaGcRHxii acTopiflxit, B'b Dpe4aainxi> o opopoR'b a ocotfeaao vh DoaMax'b. 
AiTop'b apBB04arb o6pa8i> ncb DpaaonacaaiB, onpeAl^iBerb oojoaeaie ofioaaaqae- 
■ux-b MMB opeAMeroB'b R Bbioacuaaerb deaiHcaeaaoe ROJa«iecTBO craxoB'b, vh ro- 
Topux-b BTB coOcTBeBBbifi BMCHa BCTp'bqaM}TCHJ>. — vdTo coqBHeuie Beo6xo4BHO 4Ja 
Bctx-b, BBj<iaH)aiax'b 4peBHK)K> acTopiio, reorpa^ia), 4peBiiiA Doaau, acit Gojdbe b4M 
Reate acTopaqecaia ape4aaia. DoBTopaa), rpyA'b BTorb eABflGTBeaBuil. Beii opoqia 
coqaaea ia aroro poAa cay^Bu a ocoOeaao BOBtpau cpaBBarejbDO Cb araMii Bejaao- 
J-kaBUMii TpyAOX'b, acDOJBeauuM'b 4a>(k)0UTBfaix'b D04po($BocTett, cocTaBaeBBuii'b 00 
jyioiBM'b, Bbiaii Doqra BOBce DOTepaBBbiM'b, MaTepiajanii, raKBM'b Dacarejiex'b n reo- 
rpa^oiTb, ROToputt eroHA'h ooMpmeaao aa aucorb caoeil Tpy4B0tt aajfaqa. Ilpo*iie 
reorpa^M <iacTo T04bR0 oyTaayr'b 11 ctfaBaioT'b aacb, 6y4y^R acnojaeBu oaw6orb ■ 
DpoTBBypftqitt. Bo3bMBT8 vb RaRott 4b6o 4peaBeil noaiili rbroo yro'4BO vbCTBoe aiui 
a cunurre ero wh KaaoM'b 4b6o reorpa«B«iecROM'b coHaBeaia; Dpe4ao40B[BTe, hto B'b 
oeai Haxo4BTCA NGROMoe C40B0 (hto aecbaa pi4R0 c4y*faeTca) a cpaaaaTe DOTOM'b 
aail4eBBhifl CB'b4tBia 00 CB'b4tBiaMB ajb-Eeapa: Tor4a, a carbjo roBopa), bu yBa4aTe, 
<iTo eepaua oohth Bcer4a oiuatfoqau aja do KpailBocTa aecbMa cGaBHaabi, Tor4a 
Kin cBli4tida ajb-Eeapa BGer4a bcbu, tohbu a acTaBBbiOb (Recb. I, 303 ^t luiT.). . 



302 B. H. JAMAUGKArO, 

4UCJ0 njieMenii h uapo4UeB'b« to hh o4MH'b uapoA'h bi> uipi He 

MOrB 6bl HM'b npOTHBBTbCJII). 

Ajb-BeRpB (f 1 094 r.) tie Mor-b He aiiaTb CaaBSH-b EIcaaHeKa\'&; 
ecjm 6bi wh ero OTenecTB'fc ohb arpajn HcajKyio b npeaptHHyio 
pojbH ue aojbdOBBJHCb OTik ero aeujflKOBbUBRaRBM'byBaHcenieit'B, 
TO ROHe«iHo B G^aBaiiaxii Boo6me rocno4CTBOBajo 6bi bi> He- 
Danin Muinie BecbMa ueabicoRoe, n HBKor/ia 6bi nflcate^b Apa6cRi ii« 
BOBce He BbiiaHcaBmiH hbi* HcnaHiB, ue BbipasHJca 6biTaR'b, rbbii 
roBopHTb o HHX'b A6y-06eB4'b-II*iJaici>-aab-BeKpH, o^HHit B31> Be- 
^BqaHDiBX-b 410463 uycyjbHaHCRoti HcnauiH. 

MutiHie ajb-BeRpH o CjaBanax'b aasKHO h b'B toiii» oTHOiDeniH, 
iiTo ue TojbRO 004TBep9K4aeT'b enpaBe44iiB0CTb yace ape3K4e npex- 
craB^eHHbixii HaMH naBicTiii o tomi> BaHCBOM b 3ua«ieHiB« RaxBH-b 
oojbSOBajiBeb CjiaBBHe b-b HeoaHiH , ho b hcho o6Bapy»cBBaerb bcio 
GH4y dxoro 3Ha4eBiii ax'b Ha nH-buiii Apa6oB'b HcnancRBx-b o6o 
BceM'b ojeMeHH G4aBiiHCR0M'b« oS-b ero xapaRxep-fe a od-b ero no- 
aoHcenia bi> Rpyry 4pyrBX'b n4eMeH'b a Hapo40B'b. 

Snafl dTO MH^Hie, MOSKHO 6bl 6bMO OTB'bqaTb aO^OHCBTOJIbHO 

ua Boapocib^ He TOJbRO ne 6e3aoje3HbiH , ho h Heo6xo4BHbi9 npii 
pa3CM0Tp']kiria cy4e6i> OwieMeHB C^asHHCRaro a ero 3Ha*feHifl bi* 
HCTopia qeaofiliqecTBa, HMenno aa c.ii4yiouiii] Bonpocb — aHaqeuie 
CjaBBH'b Bb Hcaauia IX, X, XI b. OTpa3ajiocb 4a a ua opoHBX'b 
Hxi> con^eMeHBHRaxib, au-kio hb aa naxib KaRoe HB6y4b BJiaaie? 

aHblMH CjIOBaMH, BCTOpifl C4aBaUli HcnaHCRRXli, RBR^ 0T4'bjlbHaa 

MacTb, cBflaaua jh opranaiecRB ch ufkAoio acTopieio nipa CLiaBaa- 
cRaro? 

\.. C4aBflue, acBBuiie bii Mycy4bftiaBcRoii HcnaHiay no4b30Ba- 
4aeb Bii.ueil TaRHMi* aaaqeaieii'b, hto ae T04bRo 3acTaBH4B Apa- 
6oBi» HcnaucRBX-b yaaaKBTb caoaxb conjeMeaaaROBii Boo6nie, bo a 
6b]4a BHuoBHHRaMB Henocpe4CTBeHHbix'b cHonieHiB cbxi> noca'b4* 
BHX'b Ch Hcnaaieio, a6o cwbAo moskho yTBepHC4aTb, 4to ae 6y4b C^a- 
BflHi> Wh .HcnaHia, HaRor4a 6bi ae 3aBa3a4acb rfe cBsaa CjaaaH'b 
rb aeio, o ROTopux^ mm BH'feeirb ao4o»caTe4bBbia cBB4'feTe4bCTBa 
Ma(xy4B, H6ab-XayRa4a, II6tii>-ra&aaa a E6a'b-CapoTa Xa34afl. 

9tb BeDocpe4CTBeaBfafl caomeaifl B'b GOo6paH(eBia ch Bbime 
npc4J0HceHHbiiiH a3BtcTiflMB o6'b oTBomeHiHX'b C laBBHx R'b Apa- 



CJIABAHAXX Bl. MAJOfi A31II, BX AO'PlfR'fi H Bli MCIIAHIM. 303 

CaMh B'h AaiH, A<i»pHK'b h Ciiuu^iH h apoi. oTHHMaiorb yKoioobi 

TO IIH 6bM0 BCAKyiO B03HOHCUOCTl>^ OTpBUaTb BiipOBTHOCTk R Cnpa- 

Be/ijHBOCTb npe4CTaBjieBHaro nanu ape4nojo}KeHiA o tomii, hto 
C^aBHBe aoDa4ajiH b^ Hcnaaiio bc TOJbRo, KaKb dj fcuBBKB h pa6bi 
H3i» pyRi* 4^paBK0Bi>, >iepe3i> IlBpHueB, bo b RaRi» dirjibie, bojit: 
Bbie, oxoHie H ryjflmie jio4b, BCRaBinie CJy^R^bi y Apa6oBi» He- 
naHGKRXi>, no4o6BO Tony, RaRx bi* BOB-fefimifl BpeMeua To^obi lloafl- 
Korb B BeBrepaeBi* BCTyaa^iH Hac.tyHc6ycy.iTaBaTypeuRaro, nanp. 
Ouepnb-naiua b 4p.« hjb fl04o6iJo nmy^ RaRi> B-b ROBirb npouijaro 
B'ikRa B Bx 1848 r. cjyHCBJB Oo^brb bi> HrajiB, ^ a bi XV b. HexB, 
jyHioie Tor4a bi> Eaponi SBaTORn BoeBBaro 4li^a, — s-h FepBiaBifl, 

BeHrpiB* nOJblB'fc B PoCciB^, B4B B'b XVI — XVII B. ^y6poBBB«iaBc 

H 4pyrie C^aBABe A4piaTflHecRie Vh o6inBpBoii Tor4a MOBapxiB 
McnaBCRoii (o&b dTQMi> bbhcc). 



1. Cm. Chodzko (L6ooard) Hist, des legions polonaises en lUIie sons le comman- 
dement do general Dombrowski. 2-e 6dit. Pdris. 3 toI. in-8^. Cm. rairse PolaccbeLe- 
gioDi annmease al s^do delld Repobblica Cimilpina, or^ero Decreti che appartengono 
aUo stabilimeDt9 di due me;Eze brigate d'Infanteria di Linea polacca, ed an reggi- 
roento di cavalleria leggera. Foglio Officiale delta Repubblica italiana. 1^. Milano. 1802. 
Ilocj'biiaee H34aiiie MH-b ■bb^ctho, ki> coasajtHia), tojlko no aarjaBiio, aaaroMy 
■uoio H3i> KBHni no<iTeHHaro HiaMnu, Tpyiiu KOToparo, no HCTop^H OTHonieBiil C4a- 
■a oil iTb BrajiH, HpeaaunailBO, opaaAa, Beno4Bbie a BaAOcraToqaue, — bo Taaaa aa- 
Aa<ia H Be no cajaMii rb4i> OABOro qeJonliRa,— > aacj^sBaaHyrii riurfc ae Mealie noj- 
naro yaaateaia a aeaojbBO aByuiaa)n» MucJb nomejaTb TaKHZ'L me npiyroToaarejb- 
Bux'b Tpy40B'i» a no acTopia OTBOuieuiM CiaBaui. n> Bcnauia, h"b Aarjtia..^ PaayM'bio 
co>iaHeBifl ^iaana — Bibl. critica delle anticbe reciproche corrispondenze polit., 
eccles., Bcientif., letter., artlntichedell'Italia colla Russia, coUa Polonia... Firenze. 1834. 
Notizle di IBedici, Maestri di llusica e Cantori, Pittori, Architetti, Scultori ed altri 
Artist! Italiani in Polonia e Polacehi in Italia raccolte da Seb. Ciampi con appendice 
degU artisti Italiani in Rossia etc. Lucca. 1830. — Notizle del SeoOli XV e XYl 
aoll'ltalia, Polonia e Russia raccolte e pqbblicate de Seb. Ciampi colle Tite di Bona 
Sforza de Ddch. di Milano regina di Polonia. Firenze. 1833. a np. O no4flKaxi» bi* 
Hra-iia vh XYIII ctoj. (M. raKse Listy znakoroitych Polakow wyja^ni^^cef history^ 
legionow Polskich. Krakow. 1831. in-8P. — bi> 1848 r. cm. Siedm listow o legionie 
Polskim we Wloszecb przez M***. PoznaA. 1850. dra nocjlAnaa Raaxia jio6onuTBa 
a Thwh erne, tto bi^ aeH coAepxarea B'bcHoJbRO no4po6BocTell oieBa^na o Maime- 
BM«it. 0(So Bceai otowh Bnpo<ievb a 6y4y BMin* C4yqall roaopaTb bii ocotfoa-b aa- 
cjii40BaBiB o CjaBBaaxi bi> HTa4ia. 

2. Cm. vb npM4oa»Biax'b. 



304 B. H. JAMAHCKArO, 

XapaRTepii BOCToqearo rocy4ap€TBa» va^ uapo4'B j0uieHi> caHo- 
06 ja4aHiii « €ai|oynpaB4eHiii, Bbiuy3K4a4'b %a4B4»OBi» HcnaucKB» 
4JIB npeoAoatHifl CB^bHott apBCTORparifl, o6paiuaTbCfl K'b eaeiiflB- 
RaMi»-HiiocTpaHiiaMi», ROTopbie 3a xopomyK) o ^ary h Bbiro4Hoe Boa- 
Barpaff€46Hie9 no 04HQMy MaBOBeniio 4ecQOTa, n-h HaHBBtuaro, ro- 
TOBbi 6hk 6biAB 4aBHT|» H 4yiiraTb Majiifiinee npoBBaeHie cauocTOfl- 
TejbHocTR B ocjyinaHiA Boat hxi> nosejiHTeaii, «a ohb ropo4a pa- 
aopfliOTib n Hap04'B rpa6ATi>f npe4'fcabi oubie nycToiuarb, noneoiee 
lUfo ONoe €cmb ne eeoen ^ 

K% Rouy 7Ke n3i» 4pyrRXii EBpone&ueBi», — a y Apa6oB'i> Morao 
6hii% ee iiaao npn4flHi> R€RaTb MMeHHo EBponeiiixeB'b, — RaR^BeKi> 
CaaBRHaM-b o6paTaTbCii 6biJ0 xaaH<i»aBia> HcaaHCRBM'b 4Ja aalHa 

H3'B Cpe4bl HX-b XpadpblXl* H BtpHblXli TtjioxpaBRTOjieMt 

SoaROMCTBo cBoe CO CaaBfluaMH Apa6bi aaBHsajH eme Bi>yil b. h 

€'b rbX'B UOp'b, Mbl BH4'feaR, RX'b BdaHMRblR CBOmeHlfl CTBJR OieHbTfe- 

CHbiMH. IIpe4CTaBaeHHhiA HaMB CBt4tHifl oGaaBfluaxi»rb AopHffb, 
npR BceS CBoefi KpaxRocTu, yaxe 4ocTaTO<iBO cBH4'bTeJbCTByM)'rb o&b 
3TOMi». 03^ Dpo40ji»CHTeabHaro 3HaK0HCTBa CBoero CO GjaBaaaHR 
Apa6bi BbiHecjB 4aj[eRo He HH3Roe iiutHieo6i> RX'B CHjax'b. Hac« 
4;y4H« (TpoaoTb Apa6cKiii X b., roBopBjii>, hto GjaaaHe 6bUR 6bi 
caMbiM'b MorymecTBeuubiifb Hap'o40iii» bi> Mipt« ecaB 6bi He rxx 
mHytffiumn yco6Babi^. 



1. 4m naM^Jiera BpeMeni Abbu loaoBOBBu. Ct. F. jfusHaa Wh Hat. II Ota. 
Ac Rayrb 1858. Buo. I. 

2. B-b ne^waMb mapvya: cLet Slatrei se coropoient de difflfirentes peoplades 
qal se font la gaerre: fi la discorde ne r^oait Mtre eus, aooune nation ne ponrrait 
lenr roister pour la force et I'andace*. Hepeai cto Jitrh nocat Toro» Apa6x se, 
ajb-ReRpn, roaopu^ tunn to me caMoe: bi> nepeaoA'b IIIapMya: Let SUtos sont one 
nation redoutable, paiaaante et hnp^taeose. S'ils n'eoasent M dlTia^s en un grand 
nombre des races et des tribes diff<6rentes, aucane nation an monde ne fear e6t teaa 
l^te*. BcTopifl He ynpeKnerii ariaii Aayx'b Apa6oB% vh neaocTaTirb npoaopjaaocm. 
no«rni <iepe8'b aoceiibcorb jAtu nocjii nnxi OAM'b naii eiw^tun J»4ei 9Tato tun- 
■enn nnoaji'b n a^b^ovb oanoiiy marh emmvh ooojeiieiHiBnoB^ : 

BtKoaaTb JH nan b'b paajyici T 
H6 nopa-Jb OHHyTbCfl Bam 
H no/iaTb 4pyn> apyry pyxn 
UaniHMX VpOBBblMl* H 4py8baMi> ? 



O CJA^flHAXli Bl> MAAO& A3IU, Vh A<»PHR'fi B Bli nClUillH. 305 

Doqeuy 3Ke 6bMo Apa6aM'b RcnaecRHM'b He opoabiBaTb Ri* ce6t 
Ha aiyac6y GjasflH'b, a dTHMi> nocj'b4HHMi> oo^iciiy 6bM0 He h4tb 

Kib BBMlk? B'64b CjyHCHjlH »Ce HX'B 3eMjlflRH H COa^eMeHHHRH B-b VII 

— X B. H ropa340 no3sKe y Apa6oB'b bii Asib, GBiiBdiB, a dotomrb 
HX'b Bi» XVI — XVII B. B nosHce B-b HcaaHiH b bi> uHoroHBCjieH- 
Hbix'b en Tor4ainuHi['b Bjia4'l^uiflxii B-b Esponi, A3iB b AMepuRt*? 
npe4^0HceHUbifl Bbime H3B'6cTifl o G^iaBflHaxii B'b AH4ajy3iB, 
yRa3biBafl Ha TaMomnioio uxi> MHoroqacaeHHOCTb a 4'kiafl b3^hui- 

B-bKB MU CdltniUtMB 6bMH, 

H KSK'b xajsie cj-baou , 
Mb] 64y»4ajiH, mu 6po;iH4a, 
PaaOpejHCb bo acb kobeiu. 

A cjy<iajiocb jb oopoio 
HaMi CTOJRByTbCJi xaRi BB6y4b, --* 
KpOBb Be paa'b jBjacb piBOB>, 
MeHb Tepaaji po4ByK> rpyAb. 

H apasAu OeayiiBOJt etna 

DjOA'b CTOpBHBUJt DpBBeCJO : 

He 04H0 norB6jo DJieMa, 
H4b 111 <iyai6uHy 0T0ia4o. 

HH09eiieii:b •BHOBtpeii'b 
Hacb paa4BBByj'b, pa840MB4'b, 
Tte'b o6ea'ba3biqBj'b Htaeqib, 
dTflxi TypoRi pa3rpoMB4'b. ' 

IlajaKKiA, OTKpbiaaa a-b aaqecrvb npe4ciAaTe4a « (crapocTU) aaoliiUBia G4a- 
BaacKaro Gettaia , 2 iioBa 1848 ro4a , cRa3a4'b Men^iy upoqBM'b vh caoeil ptna : 
nWeliky narod , jakowyi jest nhi , nebyiby nikdy liSil 8e pQwodnf sw6 wol- 
Doati, kdyby w sobd aam byl ae Deroztrhnal, neroiptylil, neodcizil se jedeo dru- 
hdmu, nechodil kazdy po smdra zwlaStoi a rilzne politiky: ale bylot' toho taSim po- 
tfebi, abychom pou^eni zkuSenoatl mDohowSkau ale trpkao, poroxumdli kooedaS a 
ddkladofi tomu, <Seho2 nam jedin6 zapoif ebi jeaL ie jsme nyni opSt dosabli sUreho 
dSdictwf sweho, ie jsme opSt a ziistaoem^ naw^dy swobodni, za to ddkowati mame 
predewSim probuzeni sw6mn a upamatowanf se w torn, co nam jedin^ spasa uesti 
milie; za to dSkowatl miime cita wfel^mu, jeni wSecbny iily we zhromaiddni oasdm 
probiha: cite bratrsk6 Uisky a swornostil Slowan jest a bade nepremoiiteloym, po- 
kadkoli heslo apojeni stoobody a swomosti ozy wati se bude w srdci jebo. Heslem ta- 
kowym zaklada se w iiwotd niiroda naiebo w6k nowy a skwiSly: Maieni jsme my, 
kteri ke slawnostl zrozeui jebo zde spojili jsme se. Ja pak, znaje dawni nehody a stra- 
sti jebo, a probl6daje okem jasnym do welike budaucnosti narodu mn€ celau duSi mi- 
lowaneho, wolam w nadSeni, zaroweii muii w ewangelium: «Nyui propauStii sluha 
sw^ho, Panel nebot' jsau widely odi m6 spaseni, ktere2 si priprawil nam pred obli- 
£ejem wJ»eho swSta; swdtio k zjeweni narodiim a-alawu kmene alowanik^boA. 

yq. SAD. — C4. ' 20 



306 B. II. JAMAHCKAIO, 

BHMB BeAKin DOOUTRH o6'ftaCBIITb CJOBO CjUiSHHUHfi B^ CMIilCji He 

codcTBeuBOM'B, a BapaaaTejbBOH^B, Heo6xo4BMo BaBti4an> Ha DpeA- 
oojOHeeBie o nepexo4'fa GaaaaHii vh IieDaBiioBT>Ra<iecTvboxo<iB\Ti 
B(ui>ubiii> H ryaaiUBXi* JiKueB. 

^IparouiBBoe MastcTie o ra6H61i, TOMbCjaRaHnM'h^BCTopHKt, 
RTO SKBJ'b 6'b XI B. B'B HcnaHiR H HaoBcaj'h co4BBeHie fl04'B aa- 
raaBieMii aflcHbia a nod^AOBOCBbia 40KaaaTejbeTBa npoTua-b rfcx'b, 
«iTo oTBepraiOTi) QpeB0€X04Bbia KanecTBa CaaaflBiii), r/ffb no eio* 
Baifb adb-MaKapB, co6paHbi paaaaro po4a jio6onbiTflbTR oo4po6- 
BocTB, BCTopifl fl CTBXH (verses) T. e. Hapo4Hbiii o'fecHB BJB cfcasa- 
uia GjaBflBi>»« — 4paroutHHoe HaB'fccTie aro, roRopioa« caMoco6oio 
HeaaBHCBMo oti> Bcbicb Dpe4T»ii4ymHX'b coudpaaceBiH h 4aHHbiX'b, 
HaB04HTb Ba Beo6xo4BiiocTb Toro 2Ke cauaro npe4nojio»ceHia. 

Bbime paacMaTpBBaa aTo CBl4'fcHie o ra6B6t caMo no 0661;, mm 
npauijifl Ri» BQo6xo4BiiocTB noHBuaTb 34'fceb e^oBO cmuxu Cja»Hm 
(verses of the Sclavonians) ae BHane, Raicb B'b CMbical) HapodRMXb 
npouaeedeHtUj nrbceNk (songs), CKoaanik bjb noemcmeU, Ha4tiocb, 
Bck npe4JioaceHHbia Bbime coo6paH€eHiA a 4aHUbifl o cy4b6'fe Cja- 
BflH'b B'b Hcnaaifl , o npBX04'6 axii Ty4a « RaR-b oxo'ibxt* , ao^b- 
Hbixi» a ryjiflQtBX'bji04efi, a tbrhcc a naB'JbcTie MaRpaaa o6'b A4»pn- 
RaBo-Apa6cROMi» GjaBaHBHt Mo4a4»ept, fijia4luuiieMi> Apa6cRRMi 
aahiROM'b, BeTOjbRo aaycTRbiifb, bo b nacbMeHHbiM'b a BM'fccTic^. 
TisM-b SHaBuieu-b caoii npBpo4abifi aabiR-b CjaaaBCRifi, — aro aaBictie 
MaRpBBB BMlicrb CT» CBB4'bTejbCTB0Mi> 11. loBiH o6^ yuoTpe6jieoiH 
CaaBflBCRaro aauRa npa 4B0pt Meii<t»BCCRBX'b cyjTaHOB-b 40 1517 
r., — Bce axo BBifccH Ba4tiocb« cnoco6Boy6i4BTbBCRRaroB'bToiii, 
<iT0 aauie od'bacBeaie BupaHcenia nepeB04«iRRa a^b-MaRapa, FajiH- 
roca, Be 3aRjio«iaerb B'b 066*6 aanero crpaHHaro, aej'iknaro^ 4BRa- 
ro; «iT0 BanpoTBaii Toro obo Becbiia400TOBtpHUM4aa€6e4nROTBeH- 
Ho B03iio»cBoe B'b BaoTOHiiieM'b ojiy«ia'b. 

TaRBM'b o6pa30M'b Ba40 cor^iaoaTbCfl, <ito daBflHBH'b ra6H6i>, 
HCBBniiii B'b AB4a«4y3ia bi> XI a., a n6pe4aBUjia iiii OBoeM'b oosaue- 

aia BAB Wh nep6B04t BJIM 0o6oTB6BHhIMB OaOBmiB yOTHUA Hapo4* 

HbJA npe4aRia, noB'bcTfl bjb o'icBa CjiaBaucRia, — ueapeiffeHBo anaji 

OTJBHBO Be TOJbRO ApadORIB fl3btH'b, — no4o6HO G^aBflBMBy 4^a- 

TBBy, cHBTaauieMyoa y caMaxi* Apa6oB'b 04Ba!H'b aa'b HaaecMHe- 
cRBX-b naeaTejeii no MMKy, i\io4a<»epy, yqaauieMy eaMoro xajH- 



• O CJABHHAX-b B^ MA40fl ASIH, B% A<I»PIIIC« M Bl> UCnAUlH. 307 

<»a aucbuy Apa6cKoiiy, h MHoriiiii» 4pyr0.Mi> CiaBBuaMx., dauHMaB- 

UlUHCa Apa6cK0IO C^OBl^CHOCTbiO,-!— ho H CBOH apiip04Hb]ii CjiaBAU- 

cBifi« aoAo6Ho TOMy Hce Mo4a4»epy« sto bii MHuyTy rHiaa 9arByai» 
xaja4»y Moaaay RaRoe-TO KptoRoe C4obuo G^aBiiHeRoe, bjb no- 
4o6ho CjiaBflHaiiib, GjyH(BBaiBMi> MaMe^iOKaiiB npa 4Bop'b Meii<i»Bc- 

CKBX'b Cy4TaU0Bl» B4B 3aBHMaBmBl|l> BaSHHblfl 4043KB0CTB* BX Ot- 
TOMaHCROfi HopT^t r4'b G^aBBUCRifi aablRI rOCD04CTBOBa4'B B'B BblO- 

meM-b o6iuecTBt b npa 4Bop'b wh XVI — XVII b« 

HacTOfluiee Baine ooaoHcenie o tomii, «ito GjaBBBCRiB aauR'b 
6bMi> lopomo BSB'ftcTeu'b ra6R6y, coBepioeHBo Beo6xo4BMoe, Ror- 
4a yHce 04uasK4bi 6bi4a opBaaaBa BoaaioHCBOGTb b saROBUocTb na- 
uiero o^-bacBeaia cjobi*, verses of the Sclavouians, BoojiHi atpo- 

BTUOe B 40CT0BipB0e, OpB BaBtCTBOfi yHCeMBOrO^BCMeBROCTB GjIB- 

BBBii Bii HcnafliB, noaoHceaie bto cbmo bi» cboio o^epe4b ao4TBepHc- 
iaerb bcio cnpaBe44flB0CTb a ocaoBaTejbaocTh TaRoro, a ae bbo- 
ro, o6i»acBeaifl. 

4'ikficTBBTeJlbao, ec4B Bipao, hto GaaBaae bii Hcoaaiio opo- 
BRRajB ae T04bRo, RaRi» Boeaaon^taabie b pa6bi, *iepe3i> IlBpa- 
HCB, B3ib pyai* 4^paBR0Bi>« BO a RBRii oxo4ie« BoabBbie B ryjfliuie 
jiD4a (64*64* MorjR aepexo4HTb bi* aee ch cbobmb ceMhaMB, ch 

SKBHaMB R 4'feTbllB), ^ HTO ORB a04b30Ba4BCb Bl> BeS Reiia40BaHeBblM'b 

saaieaieai'b, to oT^ero ace ae Morae oaa coxpaaaTb bti aefi 40B04b- 
HO 404ro CBOH) Bapo4BocTb9 BO 3a6bjBaTb cBoero po4Baro aabiica, 
cBOHXii npe4aBiii, apasoBii a odbiiaeaii^ xotb h BOCBBTbiaajacb b^ 
MycyjbMaBCTBt a yiajiBCb Apa6cR0Biy aauRy? OT4ero TaRBirB 
o6pa30M b* Bii BiycyjbiiaacRolk Hcaauia IX -*- XI a. ae Morja aay* 
qaTb GjaaaacRaa ptsb* ae Moraa pa34aBaTbca G4aBaacRafl n'fccBa? 
UpumiMan nepeoe^ nado nptmnmb u emopoe. Ecjb bi> ao4b3y 40- 
6poB04baaro Bepexo4a G4aBaa'b B'b ncaaaiio IX — XI b. a aejbaa 
HaM'B noHa apaaecTa RaRoro HR6y4b ao4^Baaaro a npaMaro asBt- 
rria, to aa to b a'fcrb aaicaRofi bo3mohcboctb bo tojbro ape4CTa- 
BRTb RaKyio aB6y4b MbJC4b B4a 4aaayi0| ROTopaa Morja 6bi xotb 

1. EcTb ocHOBaaie npe4nojaraTb9 «ito vh wjejdhUBBCwoik HcQaeiB 6ujih Cja- 
BaHCRiii noce4eHi4. Taiii y Qlapiiya npHBeAeao cjt4yioinee trbcro M3:b C40B«p4 flty- 
Ta {f 1203 r.): aOn trouve encore Szaqlab en Andalons (Espagne et Portugal), dans 
le terrftoire de Chantari^ (Santarem). Le sol y est eicellent, et Ton pretend que, si 
Ton y s^me an MakoAk on en retire cent QaRz et m^me daTanCage». fCharmoy: Relat. 
4c Massoadi, p. 330). 



808 B. M. .lAMAHCKAro. 

fKOjbKo HH6y4b no4opBaTb 40B'fepie ki> 'npeAJaraeMoii Hnorea-b, ho 
M o6'bflCHHTb Huaqe i^B^euie ra6H6a, itoTopb]ilco6ofOiioRa3biBaeTii, 
no CjaBnae bi* XI b. vh McnaHiH Ma^o <ito coanasajH cBoe Caa* 
BBHCRoe npoHCxoxciieHie, cbob DJeMeBUbm oco6eHHocTB, ho 4a»ce 
R rop4iijiBCb RMH, BbicraBjiflfl Ha BB4ii CBOB ddGJiyrB, — Hero 6bi 
6bjTb uer Morjo, ec4B 6bi GjiaBflse apoBBRaJH bi> HcnaHiio e4BH- 
CTBeHHo 4epe3i» IlBpHHeH, Bd'b pyR'b 4*paBROB'B9 KaRi> BoeHHoajin- 

Ubie B pa6bl, 4i04bMH H3yp040BaBHblBIB. MoMCHO JU Me KB fiptCMtl- 

Momb nepeawf H cb «iero cTatb aaMi* ae opauBMaTb ero, Ror4a saM-b 
B3BtcTHMOTBonieHiaCjiaBflH'bR'b Apa6aii'b emecb VII b. bi> Asir, 
A<i»piiRli, CBaBjiiB, Bxi» BbicoRoe HHiaie o6i> oTBar'fe, y4ajbCTBt b 
ape4npiBM<iBB0CTB C^aBfiHT>, BDOJH'fe oopaB4biBaeiioe bcI^mb bcto- 
pB^ieGRRMB cBB4'ikTejbCTBaMB, Ror4a Mbi 3Haeiii>, 4T0 6bMOcii<iero 
B ApadaH'b npasbiaaTb GjiaBflHii bi» HcoaHiio, b CjaBflHaM-b r4th 
Bi, Bee 00 B%'B QpB3biBy. HejibaH nomoMy He npuHnmb u nmopato. 

TaKBMTi o6pa30M'b ACBO, HTo cy4b6bi CjiaBABi* Bik jiycyjib- 
MaHCRoii HcDaaiB cBflsaabi opraBBsecRB ch cy4b6aMB loro-Boc- 
TosHbixii B ioro-3ana4abix'b CaaBaa'b', ci» bx'b nepecea'eBiJiHB 
wh M. A3iio, Cb Bxi> OTBomeaiBMB ri> Apa6aM'B rb Adia. A<i»- 
pRRi a Caaaaifl, a bi> o6u]efi acTopia nipa GjiaBaacRaro saoB- 
MaioTii ae BeBR4Boe m^cto a ooTOMy euie, hto 40CT0BtpHbi& bm- 
Boii» o coxpaaeHiH GjaBnaaMB b^ Hcnaaia 40Bo^bHoe 404roe Bpe* 
MA cBoeii Hapo4aocTR, ^ HeopeM'fcHBO poHC4aeTib Boopocb BecbMa Ra- 



1. Mu yse BHAiiJiH HeoiSxoARiiocTb iionycTHTb. ito ra6a<Vb aeaji otjh<iuo ee 
TOJbKO Apa6cKiil ^auKiit ho ■ CjaBflHCRitt. Hkvh aroro are DojoareHia caiio co0o» 
paaasfeaerea 4pyroe no40seHie, «ito ■ aoofime Cjaafliie Apado-Hcnaacirie ee aaGu- 
aajH caoero aauaa, iota ■ aocnKTuaajHCb vh MjcyjfcMancivb h 8iiaj»ao-Apa6cicB. 
BuTb MOKerb caasyrb, hto ee 6jaropaBjHHo ■s'b 04aoro nojoateeia, ae viiftioDiaro 
Bi» ceiSl oHeeudnoUy oemanuAbHoii KeeoMMtbHMoemu, paaaHaaTb ^pyroe, a ea eeai 
cTpoBTJb BUB04U. IlaiiiyiuiA ara CTpoaa cirhevh ^yaarb, mto Moacao oTKpurb bcthb^, 
paaBBBaa ■aatcTayio aiucjb ao Koana, aobo4b ee ao nocj'b4Bas'& npeA^ovb; raicarb 
nyTeai Ha4a40 joaiaoe oi^jaiaerb caoio ae^tnoGTb, a acraaa ra^TJierb ■ onpaB4u- 
BaeTca< O^Haai^M yOt^RBniiicb bi 0CH0BaTe4bB0CTV caoell anoTeau, aBTopi ciaraerft 
CBOHMi* jajroMii paaaiiTb ee Kaait MoacHo oojB'te. IlycTb ea 4oaib (ecja oaa 40XHa) 
npeACTaBBTi. qarareju ao aceft CBoett aarorli; raxi o64erqaTca rpy^'b Boapaacarejei. 
SaM-feHy ftpeac.te Bcero, <ito anaiiie ra<Sa<SoMi» aquRa CiaaaBCKaro ycMorptTb mokbo. 
Be aasacHHO on npeji'bHjyiiiHX'b coo6paareHiA, a aa^ cjli^yioiiiaro o6cToaTe4bCTH: 
rB6n6'h nocraBBj'b ceiS'b 3a4a>feio oirpoaeprayTb ABtaia rfezi*. qro yBMara4a aapoi- 
BOCTb CiaaaBCRyiD, B ^ORaaaxb, aanporaa-b roro, qro Ciaaaae, ero coajeMeaanKB, 
o4apeBbi apeROcxojRWMB Ra<iecTBaiiM a Moryr-b rop4aTb<*a cbobmb Bapo4BMii« oco- 



O CJABflUAXX Bit MA.Ioh A31H, Bb A<l»PUKIi U Bb UCriAHlli. 309 
SKCTCA BeMaJOBaHfiUblfi *- <ITO BII6BH0 H RBRyiO 40JI0 Buecju Cja- 

BHue B'b o6pa30BaHHOCTb Apa6€Ryio? He BBec^iiBB^eroouH BeMor- 

JB, TaK% KaK'b 6ujiB Bl> AB4aay8iH MBOro4BCJeBBbl, 40B0iAbB0 
4OJr0 COXpaBAJB CBOIO Uap04B0CTb fl Cb TfeMl> BMtcrik DOJbSOBa- 
wtHCb BejHRBMTi SflaHeBieM'B. BcaOMBBM'b TO^bKO TaKBX'b D0JHTB4e- 

CRBXii 4'fcflTejeS, RBROBbi 6biJB JliKB^afh ajb-Mocra4t»M, Ba^M, lUoA- 
acerB4'B, Xafipasi* b SoraBpii, Ha jaca, b op. bjb yneobixT* b jBTepa- 



6eB80CTflVH. Hedovhvrh^ KOTopuft Bib XI b., npHsaMaacb aa caoe coquHeaie, aa4ajca 
TaKin aairfepeaieii'fcy cam* CiaBaBRB'b, Raarerca, ae uorh ae aaarb no CjaBaucKu. 
Apa6cKle hctohubkh roBopaT:b, <ito Ha^aca 6u4> daeauBBi), qro, ybsmBa u3t> UeA- 
Tbi, OBI DOpyiHJ-b yopaajeaie yir&iii ceoeMy coomeuecmeeHHUHyy aoropoMy oaii xori* 
AOBtpHTbca. *Ito Morjo CBaauBarfc CjaBaBi bi> BcnaaiR, Raa-b ae cosaaaie o6iiiaro 
uvh npoRczomAeaia, ■ aa newh BBon motjo obo oDBparbca a qiMii aabiiii» 004- 
4epaniBaTbca 9 aaa'b ae odmaMi* aauKonii , aaa-b ae apapoAtfoa) u^-h C4aBaBcaoio 
p^qbK>? Mbi BBA'bjR, CiaBaae bi* Hcaaaia Boo6me Apyaia4H 4pyrb Apyry, cocTaaaajiR 
oAay, AOBOJbBO njOTByio, napria), Ajb-MaaapH roaoparb: allpH ramaMt II h ajb- 
Maaaopi Hayaa ■ jHTeparypa opouB^raja B'b Kop^oa^ raa-b, ^to A»me CAaenne 
(CiaBaacaie 4BopaoBbie eaayxH) 8aaaMa4acb rmh cb Be4HKaM'b ycirbxoH:bi» a np. 
Ec4a 6bi C4aBaRe bi* Hcnaaia ue roBopH4a oo-C4aBaBCRa a auace yTpaTB4H Gu caoaj 
Bapo4B0CTb, TO RoaeHHO ae 6bi40 6bi aaqero y4BBHTe.ibBaro, hto npR rHiuaMii II a 
a4b-llaQ30p'b 6bi40 aeMajo C4aBi^a:b, cjyacBBmax-b npa 4Bop^, aaaaHaBiuiiica aayKaMa 
H 4RTepaTypoH> a ORcaBmaxii no-Apadcaa; a5o ai* Mycy4biiaBCKoii Hcnaaia etue npR 
AC^yppazMaa'b III (^ 961 r.) paGu 8aBBMa4acb 4aTepaTypoK> h aayaaMB. Kor4a aanp. 
Bc1> Pyccaie H'bMiibi aay^iaTca no-Pyccaa, to mu b nepecraaeMii yaaabiaaTb, xaai aa 
4a>6oDbiTHbie ♦aaru, aa Toro h4h 4pyraro Hl»Miia, aoxopuft xopomo namerit oo- 
PyccRH. 4Toarb Tyrb 6y4eTii oco6eaBaro, 4a>6onbiTBaro H4a y4RBHTe.ibaaro, Kor4a 
Bcb aama IKaau craayTii qaxaTb a nacaTb ao-Pyccaa? B Taaii B'b UcoaBia My- 
cy4bMaBCRoll CUaBaae ae aadbiaaaa caoero npRpo4aaro aBbiaa. IIo4aBao c4'fe4oBa- 
TejbBo 388411 D0'C4aBaacRH ratSaCi, aaaHcaaiuitt (cflcaua a no6'b4oaocHhia 40Ka3a- 
Te4bCTBay aanpaajeBBbia apoTRBii rbxi*, aoTopue OTBepraa>T'b apeBocxo4Bbia Kane- 
CTBB vb C4aBaaazii». OHeBHABO, mto Apa6o-HcaaBCRiil CjaBaaaa'b TaiSafiii, acaBUjiit 
rb XI a, R aaaaoiiil aT4a<iao caott apapo4abili aauai*, CiaaaHCKiil a Apa6cRiil aauR-b, 
aarb aauK'b caoeB altpu ■ o6pa30BaaaocTB, 00406B0 Tony, aaKi* coBpeMeaaaKa ero, 
yqeaue Ilo4aRa ■ Heza, 8Ba4H ao-JaTUBH, a Bojrape DO-rpenecRa, ^— C4aBaaHU'b 
ra6B6x Morb mm p04HTbca B'b Bcnaaia, hjh ace nonacTb bi> aee, bi* aaiecTB'B 04*^8- 
aaaa b4b ApyrRMi RaaRM'b BB6y4b coocofioini, ao ao bcbromi* C4y«ia'b ai* Kaaoii an- 
6y4b Hd'b aaalicTBbix'b aoapacTOB-b — B4a pedeaaoMii, h4h xo404biM'b He40B'feK0Mb, 
B4B ap^uii'b MyaceM'b a crapaeM'b. — Bcb ara C4y«iaa, 6y4yHM ooaBMji^eMu 0TB4e- 
qeaao, paaao aosHOacabi. npeac4e HiMii paacMOrptTb ax'b OTaocBTe4bByN> B:bpuHT- 
BocTb R ocTaaoBHTbca ua Baa6o4'be atpOBTBOM-b aa% aax'b, mu 404sau saHibTaTb, 
<iTO ra6H6'b B'b caoevb acT0pH<iecR0M:b Tpy4l» roBOpB4'b r4aBB^iiiQe o (Uasaaax'b 
BcDaaGaax'b, a eme pasa-b aooOme o C4aBflBax:b iijcy4bMaa€Rax'b, AaiHCKax-b, A«pa- 
aattCKBZ'b a CaaajittcKBX'b. BipaocTb a 0GROBaTe.ibaocTb Taaoro Dpe4no4oaceuia 
apejcraayT'b aaM'b Cb o*ieBa4BOJio acaocTbai, Ror4a mu iipanoMaaM b, hto C4aBaae ai 



310 



B. U. .iAMAIIOKArO, 



TopDrb, RaKOBbiTOTfcHce^HcaMip'b, 4>aTuu'b h ra6a6%. — TasHirb 
o6pa80Mii MOHcuo H^^tflTbcfl, <iTO Bi> Boopocfc CT04b BaaKuoMii ■ ue 
HaiipacHo Teoepb 3aBBMaioiiieMi> BHHMaHie y^ieubix'b oCt otuo- 
iiieuiiix'b ApiHut«Bii icb CeMBTaifb, CjaBaucKaii cthxia bi> atycyjib- 
MaHCRoH HcaaHiB a BOo6uie oTHoaieHia G4aBiiHi» ri> Apa6aM'b^ ^aoj- 

9KHbl 6y4yTl> aaBATb 40B04bB0 BBABOe MtCTO. 

IIpe»cae siiBiii nepeBTB k'b aosAWhum^Mit OTBOineBiflM'B C^a- 



Ucuaaia Oiki4ii miioi u«iNc4eiiabi, urpaju n-h Meft uBaqHrejbByio pojb, BocnBTbiMJuck 

Wh Mycy jbiiauirTii't m bi. to me BpeMB 40jro bo ^Tpa^NaajH CBoei atpOABOCTu. m <Mi^ 

40BaTejbBo ue TOJbKo Morjn, no u 40jaiBU 6ujm ■B'bTb CBoero acTopuKa. 4ro aa- 

Mtqaiiie BTO xairb ae^baa 6o4'lie copaBeajaao, mokbo aa^^Tb aa-b TorO| qro 20 jtrb 

Toay BaaaAi) Peao, erne ae sMaBmiii Hanero o FaOaOl^, yaie CHaraj-b B03iioatBbiMi» 

Bonpocfc CjaBBBCBOM'b acTopax-fe e-b Hcnaaia; llpaa>ia, oaii ptmajx ero uTpaua- 

reubBo; ao tofab obi ae aaajii erne Aparoataaaio aaBtcria ajb-Maaapa, tojkobbji 

caoBO Cjuwjwe wh cMUcjft BBpBuateJbBOM'b a ae ^oraiibiBajcfl o nepexoAt (Xiaaaa-b 

Bi llcnaaiK) bi KanecTBi oioqaxx, Boabauxi a ry4flniax'b jK>4ett, ae bb^'Mi ao- 

Toay a BoaHovaocTa coxpaaBTb CjaBflBaMit aii Hcnaaia cbok> aapoAaocrb. Bo jjb 

uacb ae BaaceHi» ero oTatrii; Baacao, qroi ■ bi* aeai poatAaaca raaott aonpocv «Les 

Berbers, let Slavons, — roBopaTi Peuo, — • n$ nous ont transmit aueun souvenir de 

ienrs exploits; leurs eDfanU, si non eax-mdmes, embrass^retit rislamisme; toot ce 

que Dous sarons Kur les Taincus, nous les tenons des Arabes et det ^crivains maho- 

inetans. (Reinaiid: Invas. des Sarraz. p. 248—249). fftiiam, CJ^aenHUH^ taffu€^ tnajth 

no-Apaffctfu u no-CAaenHOKu ^ nueaxs tjiaennxiiuie o Cjuumhoxz HenaHcsaun, — 

Eoja Cjaaaana'b raOaOi* nonaji-b Au bi Hcnaaiiu ap1«4biM'b M^weMi ajia crapneai. 

uai BBKofi aa6y4b 3eM4a CaaoriucKoii , to 6eaciiopBo oa'b aerao 6bi Moi"b xupotin) 

BuaTb no-CjaBBBCBB, noMBaxb aapoABbiH npeAaaia, uo oa-b ae aorb Ou ^rcntrb bu- 

vmiTbCB no-ApaOcRB aa CT04bKo« HTo((bt xopomo OBjaAttb aauaoBii nNcbaeBtfuaii>. 

BliAb ApaOcailk aakiKi* oqeab rpjAAB'b CiftAOBareJibao CjaaaaBaii raOaG'b nonaji 

B'b Hcnaaia) MOJOAbivb qe40B-liK0B'b, a-b raKott BoapacTi>, aoraa 6bi aorb erne au- 

yqarbCB no Apaficaa. 34tcb onarb aoarao ytf^uTbca B'b tom-b, «ito CiaBBBBBi * a- 

AaO-b nacBJii rjaBBtttme o (^aBBttaxi* UcnaacBaii*; xaK'b aarb aeJlino npejmo^ 

niTb, 4T0 CjaBflaaai* TaGafi^b, npaAuai B'b Hcnaain MOJOAbiM'b sejoaiaoa'b, bu- 

y<]ii4i'B no-Apa5cRa a BaaaacM coMaaeaiea-b sanMcOR'b o caoeM'b OYeqecrab. B-feib Pa 

6H(i% aia4'b B'b XI a. SacraaMTb ero aaaaTbCB TaaaM-b rpy40M% Mor4a roJbao OAaa 

npaaflaaaaocTb rb ero aapOAaocta. Hl^wh ca4ba1>e oaa (Suja bi» aewhy rtwh aoverb 

tfbiTb n>.aBTate r-b aeai* aaBlipeale BaarbCB aa Taaoft tpyA'hy ao 99^ to rbBV-rpyjiite 

iipe4no4araTb B'b Taaoai qeaoa'fcK'b, TBK-b kpbnao npaaaaaaaovb k> caoeay aapo/tj, 

Ba4l)ifuiee acejaaie yqarbca B:tbiBy Apa6cKuMy. CJli4oaaTejbao Ba40 aenpeatauo cu- 

iMacBTbca, qro CjaaaaNa-b Faftaft-b ii4ii po4H4CB yatp B'b Hcnaaia, mjb noaaji ti 

aee K>Bou]ea> aaa pefteaaoM-b. orb «ieru a yi'ot4'b BuyqaTbca OTjaqao no-Apa(k-KB, 

a cBoero po4Baro aauKa ne nuaaOhij'b rojbKO noroay, hto Bca4'b cpe4a caoax'b aea- 

jRi.'OB'b , B'b Roax'b (Coaaaaie caoero C4aBBHCRaro npoBcxoBK4eaiM dujo paaiNTO 

•ipeaauqaaao cajbao, aoropue ae aaffbiaajii caoeb poABoK pft'ia a roaopaja aa ueii 

MeBC4y co(W>v). Orb tofo^to a Morb aah cpeabi nx'b nuiiTN eBi»a MftopBR^. 



O C^ABflHAXli Bl> MAJOii A31B| B-k A<I»FHK'B If B'b HCDAHIM. 31 t 



Bflui» Ki) DHpuiieiicKOMy aoj)'OCT|)OBy« ue^bBii opofiTii MOjqauieMb 
iiiijxi» BoopocoB'B, aaHBuaiomux'b a36'k€TUoe m^cto bi> HCTopie ot- 
HomeHifi CMasaB-h Krh HcDaaiii. 

OT^araji ao 4pyraro BpeiieHH DpfiBe4eiiie ao4po6Hbnii 40Ka3a- 
TeubCTBi> Bi> Dojbsy Toro oo^OKceHin, <ito bi> cjit^CTBie eeapepbiB- 
ubix-b u AaBHumuBX'B CBAaeii CjaBauii cb ^aTsanaMB, bi> noxo- 
aaxx HopuaHHOBi), b apeBMymecTBeHHo ^aTMaHX, Ha HbiH'kuiHioio 
4^pauQiio )<iacT60Ba^M b GjiaBaHe, KOTopbie 3a o4uo c^ ^arHaHa- 
MM itM4i>4B BO ^'pauRax'b rjaBBiufflHx-b B oaar.HtBiijux'b BparoBi* 
cBOBxi) B DOTOMy ue Mor.iB lie D0Jb3(>BaTbcii y4o6ubiM'B cjy4aeMi> 
Bca<iecRfl Bpe4BTb b MCTBTb Biii>. 04BiiM'b cjOBOM'b CjaBflue ue 
uorjB ue HieaaTb BCTynarb B^b pa36oiiUB<ibB uiafiRB ^aT*iaBi>, a Tt 
iTb cBOH) oHepe4b ue mopjb BuiTb BB Majifiiuaro sKeaaaifl bm-b 
OTKasbiBaTb, TaR-B RaR'b eopoecKan^ €podmicHaR oKuam^ OTKpbiBaji 

004Ubl& npOCTOpii JBHUOCTB, 6o4*ie CIT0C06fla paSBBBBTb BSBtCTUOe 

<iyBCTBo RocMODOJBTU3Ma,«i feM7> <iyBCTBO HaaioBajbHocTB,40X04flmee 

BUOr4a 40 RaRoH-TO <»aHaTU<ieCROfi BCRJi04BTe4bU0CTB B'B 40110- 

c'b4axT», aKBBymuxT B'B rjyuiB a Boo6uie pa3o6ii]eflBbix'b cb bbo- 
cTpaeiiaMB. IIpaTOM-B ue^bsa 3a6biBaTb, «iToGjaBflH'bC'B4aT<iaflaMB 

Vh SeUaBBCTB Kh ^'paURaSfB C0e4BHJIJ0 04fl0 «iyBCTBO Bpa3K4bI Rl> 

HOBoB B'fcp'i, xpHCTiaucTBy \ HaROBeu'B Mbi aaaeM-B, «ito ^arqaae 

X04BJB CB .AlOTBMaMH Ua BCer4a Bpa»C40BaBmBX'B cb B0C4'b4BBMB 

Eo4pB<ieg,^ROTopbie jbByjB dojbme R'b 4>paBRaM'B, Tor4a RaR'B 

•JiOTBqR 0T4RHa4BCb CBOeiO UeBaBBCTbH) B'B BBM'B. 

OTBasKBbie, BOBBCTBeflflbie B Ba eymi b aa Mopi, ^«^iotiimb 
BenpeMtuBo 4oji3KUbi 6bi JR npaaaMaTb yqacrie b% noxo4ax'b 4dTr 



1. O ooxoAaxi* 4aTqaH'b ea ^panaiio cm, Zeass: Die DeuUchen u. die Nacli- 
banUmme. IBuDcheu. 1837. Ss. 533—536. 

2. Bi» 808 r. Kaasb 4aTcRiii ro40«pR4'i> xoAnxh aa Bo4pB<iell. aErant cum Go- 
dofirido in expeditioDe praedicta Sclari qui dicuntur Wiltzi, qui propter antiquaa 
iDiDiicitias quas cum Abodritis habere solebant, sponte se copiis ejus coujuDxerunt, 
ipsoque in regnnm sunm reTertente, cum praeda qnam in Abodritis capere potue- 
runt et Ipsi domum regressif sunt*. Einh. Ann. Pertz, I, 195. ^paaicit Baauaaja 
BoApaqell ceouMu: congregati sunt Sclari noUri^ qui dicuntur Abodriti. Chr. Hfofts. 
798 ann. Pertz, 1, 303. 

3. dinBrapA'b roaopBTb o AmtwnsTh no4i> 789 r.: NatiO quaedam SclaTenornm 
est in Germania, sedens super litus oceani, quae propria lingua Welatabi, francica 
autem Wiltsi Tocatnr. Ea Framiis semper inimiea et ricinoi suos qui Francis to! sob- 



312 B. U. JAHABGRArO, 

4aui>9 HopvaHBOBii ua 4^paimiio. Eiue vh XI b. xoauaia obh crh 
4aTHaHaMu na Aur^iio, ^ bti IX b. ua Eo4pii"ieB. OTHero Rce BMb 
6hiA0 Be xo4BTb B Ba 4»paBaiio7 rtu-b 6o^te, hto b bi» pa^BUxi* 

UO BH4BM0My AMcTBlflX'b A^THBiB'b B CAaBBB'b Ue4b3fl Be JCUO- 

Tptxb RaKoS-TO cBASB, sacTaBjAfomefi Qpe4B0JiaraTb B^BtcxHyio 
cTa4Ky MeHC4y brhb ^ 



jecti Tel foederaii erant, odiii insecUri, belloqoe premere ac lacessire solebat Cujua 
iasfaotiam rex loDgias sibi non ferendam ratus bello earn adgredi statuit Periz, I, 
175. 3. Geus ilia, quamyto bellicosa et in saa numerositale confidens. ibid. Crerma- 
oia.., gentibua incolitur quam plurimis, ferociwiiiii8.M inter qnas una ceteris crude- 
lior.... gens Leaticorum barbara, omni crndelitate ferocior. (rjiaOepii Poa.}. 

i. Leatetia quoque pro Anglicis opibus aasUiares tarmas mittebat. In ea popu- 
losissima natio consistebat, quae gentiiitatis adhac errore detenta Ternm Deum ne> 
sciebat.... Haec gens terra marique proeliari perita erat. Order. ViU Utic Mon. EccL 
Hist L ly. (y 4iouieHa Hist. Norm. Scr. ant.). « 

2. Prud. Trecens. Ann. 839 r. Descriptis itaqne atqoe destiuatis, qui secum 
Baioariam, si necessitas compelleret, quique cum filio suo Carolo Cayallonem contra 
motus Aquitanicos, quibus cum Pippino, Pippini fllio, quidam Aquitanorum nuper ab 
imperatore defecerant, compescendos, ettam cum Saxonibut adversus Danorum 
Sclavorumqu9 qui ferehantur incwius occurrerenty ipse in Cruciniaco castro sese ve- 
nationibiis alacriter exercendo, missorum in Baioariam directorum reditum statuit 
operiri. Pertz, 1, 435. Id. 855 r. Roric et Godefridus nequaquam arridentibus sibi 
successibus Dorestado se continent, et parte maxima Fresiae potiuntur. Hludowicus, 
rex Germanorum, crebris Slavorum defectionibus agitur. Pertz, 1, 449. Id. 856 r. Pi- 
ratae Danorum 14 Kal. Maii civitatem Aurelianis adeunt, praedantur et impuoe re- 
▼ertnntur. Gomites pene omnes ex regno Karli com Aquitanis adversus eum coo- 
jnrant, inritantes UludoWcum, regem Germanorum, ad suum consilium perflciendum 
quo diutius in expeditione Sclarorum detente, ubi et magnam partem sui eiercilus 
amisit, isti moras illius non ferentes, Karlo regi reconciliantur. Pertz, I, 449—450. 
Cm. TaR»e Depping: Hist, des exped. marit des Normands, et de leur ^tablissemeot 
en France au dixi^me si6cle. Paris. MDCCCXXYI.'La flotte qui 6tait sortie du l^ord 
centre la Frise se composait, suirant les historiens, de Danois, de Norr^giens et mime 
d^Obotrites, (I, 162). Les vainqneurs allftrent porter ensuite la terreur dans d'autres 
pays. Peut-dtre est-ce la m^me troupe qui, i la fin de Tannee, se porta snr Paris, et 
que Ton disait composee de gens de diverses nations (1, 163). Ecan xo4bjib ci» 4>i^ 
HaaaiiH Boapbmh, Roropue y ^panKon |iaauBaJBCb HotutiMu (nostri), to no4aBBo 

AO.I»BU/ 6lJ4H XO>UITb UenpBMBpilMbie BparB 4>paHK0B'b, JlOTBHB. MS'b npiaTBO HI- 

noMBBTfc SAtcb qBTarcjiio, mto yace IUa«apMKi» c4BTaji» aeotfxoABMuii'fc npeACTasan 
npe/mojoseuie o6'h ynacTB Aiotuh^ bi* noxo4axi> 4aT<iaB:b ua 4>paauiio. Mu yn^ 
sajB yse na cjoaa ^ennaara o EoApuqaxi ; u oaa B^Ab ae acer^a dibBy4B ri* ^paa- 
xaM-b, a 4pya(a JB roace cb 4aT<iaBavB ; tbk^ drBarapAi* roaoparb noAi 821 r. : De 



1) CwlABiIUAXl» Bl> MAJOH A31II, B'B A<»PHR'fi U Bl HCnAUlH. 313 

Bii R. XII H Bib uai. Xlll B. Mbi uaxo4Hiii> BO 4>paHaiH Hop- 
MaHHa, Bocflinaro bua, He o6'bACHiiMoe no HiMeuRH h <iiicto asysa- 
uiee no GaaBAHCKB. Una axo BojKcauufw bah ByAKamum: 1 ) Ne 
Vuleasino Normanno ita erit; 2) Totum residuum Vulcaaini domioo 
regi Fraociae remaQebit(Dusch. Script., p. 1055. Gbarta pacis factae 
inter Regeoi Franciae et Begem Angliae Joanuem anno MGG) 3) in 
perpeluum dimittimus et quittamus Gisortium et Neelpbam et Volcas- 
sinum Normannum. (Gharta de pace £&olduni inter duos Reges, an- 
no MGXGV). 

Bi> oABofi 4oroBopHofi rpaMorb TpiecTa 1202 r. bti pa4y muo- 
rmx'b 4pyrBX'b GwiaBflucRBXi> BMenii, <iBTaeMi>: D. Boccassinusx B3i> 
4pyrBX'b B'b HeU BMeHi* yRa3foiBaeMi> ua cji4* — Lo. de Budina, — 

Manus. — Maliez. — fVocina. — Jo. Sclavo. — Bar. fVohiza, — 

« 

Valler Sclavo. Stance Crabre. — Stoianm Sclavo. — Peruinus. — Miro. 
Pactum Tergestinae civit. 1202 Tafel u. Thomas h 386 sqq.). 

parte DaDorom omnia qiiieta eo anno foerunt et Uaerioldas a filiis Godofridi in socie- 
tatem regni receptus quae res tranquillum inter ejus hujus temporis statum fecisse 
patatur. Sed quia Ceadragus, Abodritarum prineeps perfidiae et cujusdam cum filiis 
Godofridi factae societatis fwtahatury Sclaomir, aemulus ejus, in patriam remittitur, 
qui cum In Saxoniam renisset, aegritudine decuboit, perceptoque baptismi Sacra- 
mento, defnnctus est. Pertz, I, 208. Hejbaa raaaie ne aaHtTUTb, qro h Apyria BtrsH 
ZxntkWh BajriftcKHXit Mor4H xoAUTb cb 4aT<iaHaHH. BcnoMHBTe c40Ba A4aMa Bpe- 
Menciaro : Alultae sunt insulae in hoc sinu, quas Dani et Sueones omnes babent in 
sua ditione, aliquas etiam Slari tenent. lUarum autem ipsularum, quae SIhyis adja- 
cent, iosigniores accepimus tres. Quarom prima Fembre Tocatur. Altra est contra 
Wilzos posita, quam Rani vel Runi possident, fortissima Sla?orum gens, extra quo- 
ram sententiam de publicis rebus nihil agi lei est, ita illi metuuntur propter familia- • 
ritalem deorum Tel potius daemonum, quos majori cultn ceteris venerantur. Ambae 
igitur hae insulae piratis et cruentissimis latronibus plenae sunt, qui et oemini par- 
cunt ex transeuntibus. Cpau. TaR»e lUHpaa: Om den slariska Oprindelse til nogle 
StedsnaTue paa de danske Smaa0er. (Historiske Studier af Frederik Schiern. Kjoben- 
ha?n. 1857. If, 440 h cj.). Bujh oocejeuia CjaBflBCKia h na 4pyrHxi> ocrpoaaxii, hto 
Bupoqenii Bii4B0 yme ■ uvh cjobi* A^aHa BpeHeHCKaro (lUarum autem insularum, 
quae Slavis adjacent, inHgniore* aeeepimus tres); SBaqMrb, 5bijiH u Meabmie, ne 
CTOJb aHaqirrejbBbie. CiaBflae roBopiiJH 4aTqaBaH'b: aFines Testri, armis et exerciti- 
bus nostris mtserabiliter obtriti, situ marcidi culturaeque inopes jacent; nostrarum 
diffnsio partium yix alendae, quam genuit, multitudini sufficit>. (Sax. Gram. 1. XIV. 
p. 756). Bbi4H doce4eBia CiaBaacKia aa ocrpoB^ 3e4aB4iH: Sialandia ab ortu et me- 
ridie marcida situ vastitate torpebaL Siquidem agrestium inops patriae loco prae- 
donibus fuit. (Sax. Gram. 1. XIV. p. 706j. Ulnpa-b aecbiia oGBOBarejbHO npe4no4a- 



314 B. H. ^AMAHCKArO, 

£c.iB KaKi> •/1k)TH4u, TaK'k M 4pvrie . C^aBAHe, Moraa h 4a»e 
jysme ue Morju He xoAHTb ci* ^aTMaHaMH ua ^pauiiifo, to toibo 
raKHce ohh MorjHXfUHTbCi^HHMH h B'bHcaaHifo. llepBoe aanaAeHie 
UopuauiioB-b iia Hcaauiio cj^qnaocbB'b 827 r. (cm. Deppiog 1. 1 1 1; 
134—5; 164—5; 185—6; 180 elc). 

Apaobi uadhieajH uxi Madoicy{ilAjus)^ f* e. oraenoKuoHUHKa- 
MH. ueHecTitBbJMH, noraHbiMH, KaKoe Haaaauie 4aBa4ocb hmh aauiH- 
HUKaMb/BctMi» ue uycyabMauaifb h ue xpucTiaHaMi>* 

Ha b aab-MaKapH yauaeM'b, hto Haotru b Hat34iii UopMauHuBi 
ua Ucnauiio npo40J3Ka4UCb no4TB 40 1145 — 6 r., BpeMeuB, Koiia 
Bb Ka4HKc'k 6bijia paapymeua o4ua oauiua, cjiyHCBBma^ qtM-b-To 
Bbpo4'li MaaKa 4*ia aTBXi» uesecTUBbixb. A^b-MaKapB, B4U jy^ioe, 
UBTyeMbiS uifb ApaficKiii asTop-b, HCBBiuiii bii XU b., rostipuTi: 
«H1iRor4a X04BJB no oReasy 6ojbmiH cy4a, BaBtcTBUii y Au^a- 
jyaueB-b no4'B BMeueut napoKupfi^ Ch <ieTbfpeyro4bHbiMi» napycoMi 

raeri*, hto enncKoni* A6ca40B'b bi» noxoiibi cbob na PyflHi b TIoMopflHi* aaRHaaji 
4p>»Hi]iii J arux-b CjaBHBCKHx-b nocejeoiieB'fc aa ocTpoaaxi 4s'rcRHn; npHB04iiTi> 
opBMipu Toro, qro MBorie ^arqaBe ymtjiu roBopHTb no-CjaBaacKH, B^poarso ly- 
jHHBaacb no-CjaBHBCKH or:b 8thzii noce4eBiieB'ii. Tavii Golbscalcus, qui et ipseScb- 
Yis, turn ob lioguae eorom peritiam, tain ob paternae amicitiae fa^orem ac proprii 
^'ODTi'ctus asttuetudiaem, perfamiliarii babebatur (S^z. Gram. I. XIV, p. 814). Placuit 
Nicolaum Falstricum, quod Slayicas, gentis linguam calleret, exploraadi bosliuai sac- 
cessus gratiam ad Jarimarum dimitli (Sax. Gram. L XTI. p. 973). Ocrpoaii AoMnsh, 
oTCToainilt or-b CjaaaBCRaro ocrpoaa ^eiiepBa dohth aa 3 ihijh, Hirbj'b Tmace ao- 
cejeuia CjaBaacKifl — Quam Laland interius yadat ad coafiaia SclaTorum (A4.BpeH.). 
Cbrcobi» rpaMM. roBopHTii, qro 6biJ0 BpeHB, Ror^a ocrpoai AoMBA'h ojarNJi* Aiab 
KHfl3bflMi> CjaBaBCKBM-b. Kor^B Ba JL4eMap'b m A6ca40Bi> 0TnpaB4aJHCb bi doxo^i ea 
CaaBAB-b, to .lo4aB4i|bi acer^a oo4yqa4B npuKaaaaie 0T04biBaTb y»e do oTajurii 
♦aoTB 4«TCRaro — ne, longa praescientia edocti, furtim ad Sclavos iniperalae rei ir 
dicia deferrent (Sax. Gramm. I. XIV, p. 741). Mtcraufl aasBaaia no^TBepiBiiaH)r». 

(SblTROCTb CjBBflBCKHX'b 0006468 1 II a6 T04bR0 BB OCTpOBt J04aB41^ HO 11 BB OCTpOBaxi 

wlaBre4au4t h ^ajbcxcpt. Boo6me aiiTii BBRaRott BOBMoaraocTB orpanaTb yqacrie 
Gjaaaai bi» doxoabx'l Hopmbbbobii, 4aT«iaB'fc. HMneparopcRO-nancRaa Eapona n 
X B. r4aBBtiliuBX'b BparoBi cbohxi* Bat4a, RpoH^ CapaEiuBii, bi> MaAbapax'b, 4>t<u- 
BBXii H C4aBaBax'b: Hinc etenim saeya Danoram g6Q9 t6rra marique potens, inde 
cenliOda Sclayorum rabies barbaroruni /rendens inborruil; Vngrorum Dihilomious 
insecuta crudelilas (PyoTrepiu SKasab Bpyaoaa, or. 966^067 r.). To«ibo raci ae 
><iacTB0Ba4B Bx noxoABxi FrpOB'b aa FepMaaiK) ■ Hrajin ■ CjaBaae. 06% btobi n 
HHOMii m%cTh, a reaepb no8B04fl» ce61k yRaaaxb aa aaiilbqaTejbByio crarbi) r.B4aniBi: 
(iMliCTO BearpoB-b cpeAR Bapo40Bii EapoDbiN. (PyccR. Bee. 1858. •/!/ 1. C 117 r c4.)< 



O C.IABIIMA1L1» B'b MA^OB A31U, Wh A^PMR« U Bl> MCUAHIM. 315 



ua Ropui} M CI TaKHMii ;Ke Ha uocy; Ha Hnxx pa3i>'k3n(ajii Ma^Hcy . 
(Majiiisj, jaapoATi sec^Ma co^bBbiH, ptiDBTejbUbiB u ^loaiciA bi> Hopa- 
ajaBaHJB (people of great streoglh, determinalioD and much prac- 
tice ID navigation). DpiicTaB'B ki> 6epery, obm Bce onycTomajiB or- 
BeHii B MeieiHi b coaepmajB BecjuxaBBua aJOAtfiCTsa (com- 
mitted unheard«-of ravages and cruelties), raRii <ito opn m-b opB* 

tfjBHfieBIB HCBTeJB Ch CBOBMB BeiQaMB 6t)KaJB Bl* TOpbJ B BCCb 6e- 

perb uycrbj-b. Hat34bi 8Tbxii BapaapoB'b 6biBajB nepio4B«iecKie: 
ouB npoHcxo4BJB RaHC4bia uiecTb B4B ceHb.A'fcrb; >incjo BXik Kopa- 
64e6 He 6biBa^o Meabioe copoaa, aBBor4a40xoABj0 40COTHH;oHB 
HCTpe6jfljB Bce, hto bb BCTp'bMajB Ha iiopi. EamHa, hboio oob- 
caHBaa, 6bija bmi* BaatcTaa b do yKasbiBaeMOMy eio BanpaBjeHiio 
BO BcaRoe BpenB obb jerRo npoHBRajB b-b npojBBi>, bxo4b jb bii Gpe- 

. 4H3eMHoe Mope, onycToinajB 6epera AnAajyaiB b cocfc^nie eft ocrpo- 
Ba, DpocTBpaa BHor4a cboh oaycTomeBia 40 6eperoB'b CapiB. Kor- 
4a Hce B404'B 6biJi'b BBSBepsKCHii Bii 1 1 45 — 6 F., TO 6ojte ynce uB<i'e- 
ro Be crajo CjibimHO od-b dTOAfb Bapo4'fc b yHce He 6bijo bu4uo bxi> 
KapaKupn wh araxii Mopax'b, aa BCRJiOHeHieM'b 4Byx'b, DOTepDiBoiHX'b 
Rpymeuie Ba aroifb 6epery, 04Boro bi> Mepey^Jih^Madoicy (Mersu-1- 
Majiis — nopT-b Ma4Hcy) b 4pyraro y Mbica OMr-Atap (Al-Agbar). — 
(Gayang. I, 78 etc.). 

y ajb-MaRapB ' Haxo4BTca 6ojte no4po6Hoe oiiBcauie aTBxii 
noxoioBii. TaRii y Hero HBTaevb: «Bo 4hb A64yppaxBiaHa Ma4- 
Hcy DOBBBJiBCb BB 6eperax'b AB4ajy3iB b 0Bja4i}.iH CeBBabeio. 
A64yppaxMaH'b nocbuaer-b npoTHB-b hhxi> boBcro bsI) Kop40Bbi. 
OUB ocTSBJAiOTi CBOB Ropa6jB B Bcryoaiorb vh 6o& cb Mycyjb- 

^^aBaMB, ROTopbix-b H pasdBJB (after severe contest); uo no npH6bi- 
TIB uoBbix'B no4Rp'i>D-4eHifi 831) Kop40Bbi, MyCyjibuaue chobb ua- 
na.iB ua ubxi», o6paTBJB BX'b b'b 6'fercTBO, orpa^BJiB b concrjB ut- 
cROJbRo Ropa6je&. Docjt Toro IM[a4Hcy nouijB B'b UlH4yHt (Gb- 
40HiB], r4'ib OUB ocTaaajBCb 4tia 4Bfl, rpa6BBii OKpecTuocTB; ho 
ycjbixaB-b, <iTO <»jOT'b A64yppa3MfaHOB'b ao4ouie4'b R-b GeBBjb1>, 
obb CBoaa y4a4BjBCb Ba cbob Ropa6jB b npncTaja ri» 6epery 
(Niebla)» ROTopbiii npouijB ohh, yB04a bi» njtui>H(UTejefi. Otcio- 
4a nomjB obb cyxBirb nyTem wb BeB'Jb r uaRouem> rb jBccado- 
By, oTRy4a o^b b nycTB4BCb o6paTBo bi* Mope. Eoj'jbe o bbxi* bb- 
*iero Be 6bijio cjibimno. ^o npoucxo4Bjio B'b 230 r. (bi> ccbt. 



316 



B; y*. «4AIIAUCKArO, 



844 r.) Au4ajy3iA HafiaeiMyacb orb nx-b rpa6e9Kefi. A64yppax- 

MaU'b nOC'6TIIJ'b UXl nicTHOCTB, r4'b OBH noQbiBajH, bo3o6hobbji» 

paaopeHHoe a yciueHieM'b rapHB30H0Bi» o6e3De"ia4'b crpaay orb 
6y4yuiHX'B HanaAeHiii arex^ BnpBapoBib». (Gayang. II, H6)\ 

AH-HyBaapB coo6maerb 0611 qtowb BaiaAt ropa340 6o.jte no- 
4po6BOGTeS: ^B'b 330 r. as'b 0T4a.«eHHbix'b ORpyroBi* obb ooioaH 
Ba aeitfjB MycyjbMaBCKia. npeBC4e Bcero obb BdflSBJBCb y .iBGca- 
6oBa Bi» 229 r. (asr. b4b cobt. 884 r.). npo6biBuiB bi> aroifbro- 

p04t 0R040 TpBBa4liaTB 4Hefi, Bl TeHeflia KOTOpUX'b y BBXTi 6b1J0 



1. ojaBaRUxi HopiMBHOBii, 4aT<iaa'b vh Cpe4H3eiiH0M'b Mopt roBOporb ravse 
Ce6acTiaBi> enHCKoni* CajaMauKCKiii (SaodoyaK Historias. Pamplona. 1034. p. 55): 
Normanni piraUe his temporibus ad nostra litora perTeoc^runt. Deinde Uispaniam 
porrexeront, omnem ejus mBritimam gladio igneque praedandodissipaTeniDt Deinde 
mari transvecU Nacchor ciTitatem Mauritaniae invaserunt^ ibique multiladinem Cat- 
deoram int^^rfecerunl. Deinde Majoricam, Formenteram el Minoricam insolas ad- 
gressi gladio depopalaverunt. Post Graeciam adrecti, post trienoium in patriaro suol 
reTeni. (Zeuss. L 1. S. 532). Osojo roro me BpeHeaii roBopaTii Bepr. 4tT. Dani qui 
in Rhodano fuerant, Italiam petnnf el Pisas civitatem aliasqae capiuDt, depraedantur 
atqne devaslant (ibid.). — Bi* CBoem* onncaeiB A^pbkm A0y-O6eB4'B-IIjjax'b-ajb- 
BeKpB nepe^aef -b 04Bai» JioGonuTButt paac^Kaai* o MaAmy. Borh ero cjOBa, bi* nepe- 
BOjKb Karpiiepa: nAsilah est la premiere Tille de l*Adwah (la Mauritanie) dont elle oc- 
cupe la partie occidentale; elle est situ^e dans one plaine et entonr^e de pctiles col* 
lines; la mer la baigne k Toccident et an nord.,. La rille est de construction r^cenle 
et doit sa fondation k T^T^nement qne noas aliens rapporter. Les Madjoas (aaaHeBB- 
Tutt nepoBOAiBKik cTaBBTii Bi. cRotfKax'fc — les Normands) attaqu^rent deux fois le 
port. La premiere fois qn'ils s*y presentment en armes, ils prMendirent aToir d^posd 
dans la Tille de riches trdsors. Les Berbers s'^tant r^unis pour les combattre, les 
Madjous leor dirent: nNpus ne sommes pas Teou pour tous faire la guerre; mais ce 
lieu recite des richesses qui nous appartiennent; placet tous i I'ecart; afln que nous 
puissioos les retirer et nons nous engageons A partager ayec nousw. Les Berbers ac- 
cept^ent cette condition, et se linretat k I'dcart. Les Madjous se raireot h creoser n 
espace de terrain, en tir^ent une quantite de dokhn (millet) pourri. Les Berbers tu 
yant la couleur jaune de ce grain, et 8*imaginant quec*^tait de Tor. accoururent poor 
TenleTer. Les Madjous, elTray^s,* s'enfuirent yers leurs Taisseaax. Les Berbers ayant 
reconnu que tout lear buttn consistait ep millet, se repentirent de ce qn'ils Tenaient 
de faire, et inrit^ent les Madjous d d^barquer de nooyeau pour enlever leurs ri- 
chesses; mais ceux-ci refus^ent, et dirent aux Berbers: nVous avez une fois yiol^ vos 
engagements, tous n'avez plus aucun droit h notre conflanceo. Ils partirent aossitdt, 
flrent Toile par I'Espagne, Tan 229, sous le rdgne de I'imam Abd-al-rahman ben Ua- 
kam. — Pour ce qui concerne la seconde expedition de Madjous lenrs Taisseaox, i 
lenr retour de I'Espagne, furent pousses par le Tent yers le port d'Asilah, et quelques 
uns de leurs bAliments coul^eot h fond, h Teotree occidentale de la rade; et de Ik cet 
cndroit a pris et conserye encore aujourd'hui le nom de porte des Madjousn, (No- 
tices et extraits des manuscrits de la bibliotfa* du rpy. XII, 568—560). 



GJlABIIHAX'b 8% MA.10H A3Iil, BX AaiPHR'B H Bli HCflAHIH. 3f7 

iiicRCMbKo CTbi<ieR'B CB Mycy^bMaHMH, OHB DOui^B Rd KaHflcb (per- 
haps Cadiz)^ oTTyAaBainH4yiia(GhidAoah), r4t scTynnjiB b% 6ojb- 
luoe cpaxceBie erh MycyjibMaaaMB. 0TTy4a obb HanpasBjiBCb R'b Ce- 
BHjb'b, Ryiia npB6biJB-24 cbbt. 844 r. b pacaowioxcBjacb bi> 12 
napacauraxi» oti* dToro ropo4a« 4epe3i> neTbipe 4Bfl (28 cesT.) 
Mycyjbuaae BbicryoBJiB DpoTBBi> bbx'b b ooTepnt^B sejBKOe no- 
paaceaie. Ma^Hcy ao40u]jifl 6jiB3Ke R-b ropo^y — pacnojoHCBjBCb oti» 
Hero Ba paacTOHBie AByx-bHiBjb. CeBB4bCRie skbtcjb cBOBa bmuub 

npOTBBl» BBXli B CBOBa 6blJlB pa36BTb1 Cl» Be^BROiO OOTepeiO flJ'fcfl- 

Hbix'b B y6BTbixi>, R Me<ib Ala47Ky He ocraaaBjiBBawica bb flepe4'B 

^eJOBiROMl). HH Oepe4'b CR0T0M1>, noRaHeoBJia4'ibjROBBropo40M'B. 

3to noc4'b4Bee Bponaoaijo 30 cear. npodbiBi* B'bCeBBjbi uiijibiii 

CyTRR, Ma4BCy B0p0TB4BCb R'b CBOHlfB R0pa6jflMl>. 

MeHC4y Tim npoTBB'b bbxti ujjo boHcro cy^Taaa, o qeBfb ys- 
HaBx, Ma43Ky 'Bbiin JB R'b Heii)^Ha Bcrpiny; opoHaoniJo RpoBonpo- 
jBTHoe cpaHceaie; MycyjbMaae, co6paBii ace CBoe My»cecTB0, 4pa- 
jBCbOTiaAHHo B noraajiH bx'b R'b Ropo6jiaBrb, oojiohcbbIi aa utcT'fc 
ceMb4ecaTb 4ejioBiRi> ndrh flBXi», MycyjibMaae B03B04bj[b Bifb ctcTb 
aa cy4a a y4ajBjiBCb OT-b Hax^b. BcRopi noTOM'b 4pyro& 0Tpfl4'b 
BoficRa^ Bociaaabifi 9iiBpoMi> A64yppaxMaaoMi>, BOBBBJCflB'bT'Jbxi* 
Hce oRpecTHocTflx-b B Ma49Ky9 ooRaayB'b cbob Ropadja, aanaja Ha 
aero cb aejBRoio apocTbio b npBfly4B«4a ero y4ajiBTbcav Mycy^b- 
Hafle 04HaK0 BopoTajacb a BTopaqao epaaajiBCb ch bbmb 16-ro 
floa6pH 844 r. Dpaaacbi a oxotbbrb nija R'b BBM'b 0T0BCK)4y; 
Ma43Ky ooTepn'Lia oopaaceaie, noTepaB-b oroj'o naxa coT'b q^jo- 
B-fcR-b B HeTbipe CBOBX'b Ropa6ja« ROTopbie eoHcrja oaa, BuayB^ 
aa-b BBX*^ Bce a'ibflaoe. 

Ma4H€y noinjifl ootomi> aa Leslah (?) a bsajib ShiDeba(?). Obb 
npacrajia R'b ocTpoBy, 6jb3ro Ka4aRca. r4t a ctbjb A'hsBTh cboio 
4o6bi«iy; Bii dTO speMfl MycyjbMaae cnycTajiBCb p'fcRoio a y6HjiB 
ABOBX-b Hsnb HHX'b. 0TCK)4a Ma4»cy oouijB Ri» niB4yHf : BO ycjibi- 
xaBikf <iTo <i>JOTi» A64yppaxMaaoBi> npa^bux ri> Cbbb Jb'fe* oaa ao- 
iiMB aa •Ib6.mo (Liblah-Niebla) ROTopyio BaajB a paaopaja, aa- 
rbm-h R'b ORcyHo6t (Oksunobah-OssoDobab), R'b Befii a HaRoaeq'b^ 
Ki. «Ia'Qca6qay. To 6bM0 noc4'fe4aBM'b MicTOM'b, r4'feoHB npoaaao- 
4BJIB CBOB rpa6eaKB, noTOMy mo 0TTy4a OTOJUja a uaqero a't- 
CKOjibRO BpeMeafl ae 6bi40 cjbiaiao o HHX'b)!. (II, 43 i — 2). 



31H B. U. JAMAIICKAIO, 

KaR'b Bail HX'h aoABBroBiTi tbk'B h hsi Htfcja y6HTi>i&ii «ABa 
jiH He oojte 500 <iejoBtKi> (70« 2» 0R040 500, a 4pyrHVfcCjy« 
qam'b Rouesuo euie yuo^saBo) aenpeMtuBo aaKjiosaTb aaiio. 110 
HRC^o Bctxi* 3THxi> Ma4»<y« rpadNBUiHX'B AH4ajydiio bx 844 r., 
HerpaBHenHo QpeaocxoAHjo Tuca^iy 4e40BtK'b\ 

y awib-MaKapH coxpaueui* paacRaai* o ApyroMii hxi^ noxoAi 
ri. X B. ttB'B Ha4. 964 r. (354 r.) Ropa6jH Ma43Ky ooHSBjucb y 
6epeioBi> oReaaa. BbicaABBiaacb y «Iucca6oua, obb crajB onycro- 
maxb oRpecTByio CTpaay, ho HCBxeja aaiuaci* aa opyme, cpaaajucb 
cb HHMH H aacTaaaJB bxi» y^ajarbca rti cbohm'b RopaSjaai'b. Eisa 
TO.ibRfi paauecjiacb B'fecTb 06'b Hx-b BUca^iR'fci RaK'i*a.ib-raKeM'bwiH«i* 
HO aBMJca ui> aTH oRpyra a no3a6oTa4ca aaiuHrfe 6epera, opu- 
Kaaaai) cBoeMy a^Mapajy PoMaracy caapaAHTb <fr40Ti> a HanacTbiia 
UHX^: HO dTO 6buo yace as^auiHe, TaRi» RaRi> npauijio asBbcrie, 
<iTo ohb Be34'fc 6bUH« pasfiaTbi HCBT^ianH a 0TQ4bua Cb aocatui* 
aocTbio a B'B Be^BROifb aaiftuiaTejibCTBtn (11, 1 59). 

Ha Bonpocb B'B qaca'fc araxii Maasxy, otbx'b aoraabix'B a ae* 
qecTHBbix-b, HBCTo, no<iTa aepio4a4eCRa Hana4aBuiaxi> aa UcuaBiiO 
Bi> iX-*-Xll B., H6 6biBaja 4a aX4aBflHe, BMeauo Ba4Ti&CRiet aa 
Boapocii dToTb ae ptuiaencfl oTB'biaTb oTpaiiarejibHo. — Jio6oDhiT- 
HO, IT0 Ma4»cy npHCTatOTi* o6biRuoBeHHO Rii Jacca6oHy, Heno4a- 
4eRy OTii ROTOparo, 0044*6 CaaTapeua, Haxo4a4ocb G4aBaHCRoe do- 
ce4eHie, RaRi> to Raacerca c4i4yeT'b 3aR4f0«iaTb aa% c40B'b flRyra. 

lloqTeHHblfi BKSAIdmBK'h KyHBRIb , ROTOpOMy T09Ke 0pe4- 

cT^BBJca 6biJo dTOT'B BoopocTi , e4Ba 4a ae HManiicoM'b no- 
ratmuo 0TBi«ia4i> aa aero 0TpHaaTe4bH0 (Cm. Beruf d. Schwed. 
Rodzen S. 306 Ac). ;. 

3aiHi«THM'b, sTo aaaaaaie Ma4Hcy Mor4o 6biTb 4aBaeMo a Ea4- 
TiScRHM-b G4aBaBaMii, TaRi> RaRi» dTBiii» BMeaeMi* Haab]Ba4HCb y 



1. MaccjAH »% 3ojoTux'k4yraii HMeaao aaMtqaer'k: «A short time to the be- 
gtnniog of the fourth centary of the Hijrah, ships landed in Spttin which had 
thousands of men on board,,, j^ (Moroudj-al-dzebeb. El-Mas'udi*8 Historic. Encyclop... 
AJ. Sprenger. Londoo. MDCCCXLI. I, 373). Y 4»peBa: aooch Tor dem Jahre det H. 
aoO waren io Spaaien Seeschiffe gelandet mit Tausendeo too Menschen angefiillLM 
(Ibn-FoiftL Ber. S. 137. Cm. rasse Geogr. d'Abool-fMa trad« de Tarabe en fraocait 
etaccomp. de notea et d'eelairciMeroeota par M. Reioaad. Paria, MDGGCXLTlll. 
p. CCXCVIll et SUIT.). 



O CJAB^BAXl* Bh MA^Oii A3IH, B'b A^PPHK-ft H Bli HCilAlflil. 319 

i 

ApaSoBi Ha 04BB CKaHAHHasbi « HopHa^HU, ho eoofime B&k ue- 
nycyjBvaHe ■ Be-5[pBCTiaHe9 a a3blqBHRH^ 

TicHbifl CBII3H' CtaBflui* BawiTittcRBxii cii 4>aT«iaHaifH, boUhm 
CwiaBan'b ch «i>paHRaMB, natHHBRB b aajOBCHRRR CaaBaHi^Kie bo 
4>paHiii|i, ooco^bCTBa CiaBaH'b ri» Kapjy BejHROMy h ero npecM- 



1. TaK-b Ha3UBajacf» M2usy-Bep6epbi, aenpHUHamie HCjaMusMa (Heinaud: Iot. 

des Sar. p. 2H); TaKi> Aflaccyim roeopHTi* iipo o^MH-b uapo4'b KaaRaacKiii (Kashaki: 

ttTbey are a great nalion and follow Uie JUayian religions (Spreager I, 436); raK-b bi> 

Kanr^ 4yAeci» U6parnMji becB<M> lUaxa (-|- 1228 r.) esasaHO npo CjtaMBWhi ai^uant 

aui Slaves, ili se composeut d'ane multitude de peupUdea, Les un9 soul Chretiens; 

d*autre!$ professent le Paganiime (ou Magiime) et adoreot le soleil..^ La plupart de 

leurs tribus sont Paiennei {iHagei)\ et ils se brulent eux-memesM (Charmoy: RelaU de 

Mass. p. 326); raK-b aJblMaKapii/ cKaaaa'b o Baudajai-b (Andalusb), rskt* o nepao- 

Autumxib ■ Kopettubjx-b vcRTaiax-b Hcoaaia, Baauaaerb vx'b JUadotcy (Majusj. (Gayaog. 

I. 23), Ajb-UcraxpH (ok, 950 r.): Sie reden drei Sprachen, die Parsi, welches alle re- 

den und desseu sie sich iu ihren Briefeo und Schrifteo be<iieaeo, die unter ihoen 

wohnenden Magier bedieiieo sich des Pehlyi in ihreu ScbriflenD. (Mordtmano: Das 

Buch der Lander. Hamburg. 1845. S. 70). «Mokan oathiilt yiele Dorfer, di« voo /Ua- 

giem bewobnt 8iod» (ib. S. 80]. AJb-MaKapa, paacKaaaa-b o nocoJbCTaaxii ki> A64yp- 

paxMauy III oti* MMiiepaTupoaii FpeHecKaro ■ TepMaBCKaro, KOpojeii ^paBKoait r 

CAaeHH^f npaBOAMTb acjli/i'b aa rbMi (aa cjit4yM)metl ace CTpaaait^) cjoaa Htfai- 

raiiaaa: ttBcaxiii aapoAii, cjiumaamiii o aeMi. (A6Ayppaxiiaat), aoeujajx ri aeay 

nocAOB-b. FocyAapa FpeKoaii, <^paaKoa'b h Hof^on-y bc^ opacujMH oocaoa-b bi* ero 

4Bopyj» (Gayang. II, 140). Koro p^ayvtrb aA-fecb aaAo no4'b aaeaeM-b rocy^apa 

Mandotcyf OcuoaaTejbao jb oocTyoa^'b raaarocb, nocTaaaB'b npii cea-b B-b ckoO> 

xaxi*: Northmen? KuaenBO a'br'b. Ua aJb-Maxapa, aa H6a'b>Xaj4yav aa XadAatt 

a op. ae roBopar-b ■■ cjoaa o oocoJbCTB^ HopvaacKoa'b a bi» to ae apeaa eAuau- 

r4acB0 caaA'bTeJbcTByioT-b o ooco4bGTBi CiaaaacKOa'b. C^tAOBaTeabao 84'bcb D04'b 

MadMcy mao paaya'bTb rbx'b Cjaaaa-b, hto npacujaja oocojbCTBO kii A64yppaxMa- 

ay 111. y ajb-MaKapa oepe4aa'b jio6onbiTabi)i paacRaai* 061 o4aoM'b ajb-rauua.it, 

6uBmeMi» oocjoK^^ty rpe<iecRaro avoepaTopa Oeo^aja bi> 839 r.: «Abu-l-khattab 

IbD-Dibyah relates^ io his work entitled Al-muUrib^ that he was also sent (oa aa 

embassy) to the laud of the Haju$^ Al-Ghazxal was then very near his flfiielh year; 

but, though his hair was gray, he had still all the appearance of youth and strength. 

Tht queen^ wkois nafM wcu Tuda, baring asked him one day what bis age was, he 

asked in JesI- twenty ». (Gayang. II, 115). raaarocb npa pjoaax-b: iand of the Majiks 

xbdt^Th cj^4yK>mee saatMaaie: aThe Arabes give the name of IBajus indifferently 

to all the nations inhabiting the northern parts of Europe». (Gayang. II, 431). — 

Ty4a, Tbio4a aorja 6biTb kbroio Hu6y4b Teo4ejiaB40io, aorja eio a ae 6biTb; apraa 

«e 6uTb RaKOio Ba6y4b Tytoio a.ia 4pyroio KaxoK), t. e. BOo6me CjaBaaROH), a ae 

HtaKOKi; ufio ropasAO npaB4ono4o6H'ke npeAnojoacarb , hto CKopte a<<i>-raiuUJb 

fibiab y RaKuxii uH6y4b CiaBaai, s'bM'b y 4aT4aa'b m.im CKau4aBaB0Bb (bi IX a.), Cb 

aOTopuaa Apafiu ae seja aaRaRaxi neperoBopoai* a bi* no94B'6ilmia speaeaa, Tor4a 

ratch oojoataTejbBO aaB'bctao, "ito Bib X b. cymecTBOBaja BaaaMHua csaaa Beac4y 

CiaaanaMN a ApaAaaa HcnaacRaaa. 



320 B. y. .lAMAHGRArO, 

HBRaMi», Ha6'brB CapaaiaH'b Ha ^pauuiio, nx'b noco^bCTna K-b Kapr 
Ay B ero npeeMBBRaMi»9 BTh BofiHbi ch hbmh -^ TaR'b bjib aaaie 
AOwiTKBbi 6bUB osaaROMHTb CjiaBABi» BajTittcRBX'b (Tb Apa6aiiH Hc- 

naHCRHMB, XOTH DO CAJXaWh; eCIB XCe BCnOVeaMb O 6blTHOCTB 

CwiaBAHii Bi* Hcaauifl Bb IX -^ XI e. b od-b axb auaieBiB Bb aToii 
CTpaHli, TO aerRo corjiacBMca, 4to CaaBUHe BajTificRie Morjifl aoaT^ 
Apa6oB'b B HXb HcnaHiio-^B ue no oabbmii cayxaini. — Mojisa o 
rpo3Hbixb CapaobiHaxb, HeHaBBcxabix'b ^I'paHRaM'bt ae Mor.ia ae 

40X04BTb 40 CjaBABli. 

npapo^aafl y^ajib h oTBara, opBBbi«iRa R% Mopto, ae roBopa y Hce 
o npocTOMx Hce^aaiB nor^fl^bTb prpaay, r4'& 6bUB hxii cou^eMea- 
BBRB B 4aHce aeiijflRH, — yace 04aB uoraa CjaBaaaM'b BaymaTb 
oxoTy xo4HTb B-b Hcnaaifo, a npaM'fep'b^aTiaa'b, cbROTopuMB obb 
00 Bcefi B-fepoBTuocTB Be 04aaH€4bi XQ4B4B aa 4^aaaiio, — toiho 
TaRSKe, RaRi) b co6cTBeBBbifl CBOB cy4a aecbMa o6jerqa4B C^aBA- 
aaa-b aafiira axi* aa Hcnaaiio. 

r. KyaBRa npaaeao aaaceTca Ri* OTpaiiaTejibaoiiy OTB'kry to 
rjiaBaiaoie coo6paHceaie ero, rto bii IX — XI b. CTpenjeaie C^a- 
BABb B HopuaaaoBx 6bijiB coBepaieaao npoTBBOoojo»Bbia (sla- 
wisches uod normannisches Treibea); npaceMi* ace oai* BRpaTat 
yRa3aji» aa aaaqeaie CaaBAB'b B'b Mycy^bMaacRofi Hcoaaia. 

Heab3A yM04<iaTb, rto aaMiiaaie o TOU'b, 6y4T0 6bi 4BHaceHia 
HopaaaaoBb b G^aBAai* B-b IX — XI b. 6bi4B coBepmeaao apoTaay- 
oojioHCBbiA, — ae OTjaqaeTCA 6o4bnioiO cnpaBe44BB0CTbi0t b6o aaKb 
TO Mbi Bfl4'LiB, yace Bbime^ Ticabia cba3b G^aBaaii cb ^ATiaaaaa 
6biJiB 4aBaBa]aiA b captojiAjacb aeDpaMBpaaioiO if|pa3K40io rfcxb 
B 4pyraxb R'b ^paaaaux a ax'bnojiBTHR'b. 

HaKoaeuii b3i> Toro, ito 04aB G^aBaae 6bi4a MycyjibMaaamit 
3aaaMa4B BaacauA 404»caocTB b 4a»ce 6biBa4B rocy4apAMB (biiXI b.) 
Bii MycyjbHaacRoS HgoaaiB, e4Ba jib ut4yerb, hto 4pyrflM'b Cia- 
BAaaMb aeBoSMOHcao 6buo aaDa4aTb aa Mcnaaiio BMicT'b cb^T<ia- 
aaMBi ec4B ae OT4t4bao. HsB-fecTBo, <ito ec^a C^aBaae BajtrificKie 
B D0Qa4a4B MBpao Bii Hcaaaiio, to BOBce ae 4o6poB04bao, a RaKb 
pa6bi a Boeaao-oj-feBBbie ^^paaROBit; oneab MoxceTi* 6biTby ^ito aabie 
831* BBx-b HcejiajH 4a»ce QonacTb Bb Hcaaaiio, "iTo6bi CRop'&e ocbo- 
6o4BTbcaoT'b 4*paaR0Bb. Dobatbo RaaceTCA, qTO Taicia aceaaaia ue 
aac^yacHBaioT'b uaaaaaiA 4Ba»ceaiA, aaopaB^eaia. 4o6poB04bHO 3Ke 



O CJABAHAXl* Bl> HAJufi A3IH, Bli A<1>PUK^ U BX llCnAUIII. 321 

rb Henauiio crpeMB^HCb CjaBRue ue EajiriiicRie, uo c'l>Bepo-3ana4- 

Hbie H iOSKHbie, y ROTOpblXl) BC^t^CTBie paSUblX^b 06cT0BTe.lbCTBl> 

4aBiio BBBnaajiBCb cnb A,pa6aMii t'^cbmb cBiiaH. HsBicTHo, hto iim- 

nepaTOpi> lOcTHHiaHl* 6bUl» DpHp04Hblfi GjaBHHHHT), Bl» Vi b. h 

ao3»e Muorie CjaBflue aaHnnaforb bi* BocTOiRofi uMnepie BaH^Hbin 
4(u»cao€TH, STO o4uaKO BOBce He MimaeTib npoqRM'b GjaBaeaM'b, 
HXi* me 3eM4AKaii'b« Hana^aTb ea Ruaepiio, rpa6uTb b paaopaTb ee. 
BayTpa o4Horo b Toro Hce Hapo4a b no4aB^Ho ui^iaro odmapHaro 
[ueueHH* oco6eBBO bi* Tor4au]Hia Bpeueua, jerRO oopaaoBbiBajncb 
apoTBByDOJOHCBbifl 4BU9KeHiA H HanpaBjeHiB. TaRib 4BBiKeHie E04- 
pa^ieH, aocTOMHUO JbHyarnHX-b ri> ^paHRau-b, coBepmeHHO 6biJio 

OpOTBBynOjfOHCHO 4BBH€eHifO J[H)TB4eii , B03CTaBaBinBXT> npOTHBl> 

4^paHR0BTi B TicHHBUiBXi Bo4pBqefi. 

SaM-feqarejibHliiiiiiifi OBcaTe^b Apa6cRiii XI b.* HBRor4a ae Bbi- 
t>3HcaBiaifi fl3i> HcaaBiB, roBopaj'b npo CaaBflHii, rto to <KHapo4'B 

fiyilHbli], CH^bHblS B MOryUteCTBeHIJhlfi. EcJH 6bl OUB He6bIJBpa3- 

4i>-ieHM Ha BejBRoe ibcjio QOKOj'bHiii h Hapo4aeBii, to ub j04BB'b 

' Hdp04 b B^ Mip'b Re UOVh 6bl BWh npOTMByCTOBTbA. 

Htri* coMU'^Hifl, ajib-BeRpH npa aTBxi* c^oaax'b pasyii'ki'b ue 
BHtintiee 4'kieHie CjiaBaHi», b^b cj'b4CTBie ROToparo pa3Hbie Hapo4bi 
iiocrjIr paaHbia HasBaaia, a pa34'fc>AeHie BayxpeaHee, axi* BsaRMnbia 
paciipa tf ycodaiibi (dTBxnb ae3aR0HBbixi> 4^X68 cBo6o4bi, no y4aq- 
BOMy BbipaaceaiK) IlajaaRaro), Hi>niaB[fiia BAfB 4'ikficTBOBaTb cobo- 
Ryniio npoTHBT* o6mfix'b BparoBi*. U raR-b ajib- EeRpa roBopar-b co6- 
cTBeaao: «ec4fl 6bi Cjaaaae OTaaiajacb BayTpeaHBMT> corjiacieMi» 
n e4BU04yDiieM b, to hh 04BB^ aapo4i» B-b uipt ue MorT> 6bi BM-b 
apofuaycToaTb)). OieBB4H09 oai* ae acRJioqaerB a caMaxi» Apa- 
6oBi. KaRBiii» Hce o6pa30M'b Taaofi yMBbiB oBcaTejb a ocTopoTK- 

HblH RpBTBR-b, RBRl* aJb-BcRpB, aBR0r4a He Bbli3HCaBmiH B31> He- 

Daiiia, ptmBJca yTBep»<4aTb, hto h Apa6b] ('HcnaacRie) 6biJB 6bJ 
Be Bb euaaxb apoTUBBTbca GjaBauaMb, ecjia 6bi ouu OTjaqajucb 
fio^buiuM-b e4Bao4ymieAii>? SaaqaT-by 6biBajia c^yqan, Ror4a Apa- 
6bi, a BMeado HcuaacRie, Mor4Baace6'fc acnbiTaTb cajbi Cjasaa-b, 
dToro a6y&Haro, ca^buaro a MoryuiecTBeunaro aapo4a» (nation re- 
duutable, paissanle et imp^lueuse). 

cdio aoqeMy ace bctombbrb ae roBoparb CjaBaaax-b, a yuo- 
HHuaK)rb ooii 04BBX'b 4aTqaaaxi» bjb Hopnaunax-b? Muoria aue- 

YH. 3AQ. — CJ. 21 



322 B. B. .lAMAHCKArO, 

Ha B0>K4e&, HaaaAaaioRXb ea 4>paBaiio, Haaiii HaeikcTBbi. Ohm Uis- 

MeaKia». Zeuss. 1. 1. S. 533 ff.). 

« 

Ho acTOHBURH HtMeiiKie itbrjH paayn'&Tb noM* ^anaHaiia b 
CjaBiiB-B, H^BBuiBXi) Banp. Ba ocTpoaaxi* ^btcrbxi*, to^iho rasaKe, 
KaKi» AAB 4>paBiiy30B'b b CjaBBHe Ba^TificKie mofja 6biTb cfcBep- 
BbiMB jiOALMii. HweBa co6cTBeBBbia eme HB^ero ae 40Ra3biBaion>, 
TaR^ RaKi» npe^iaojioHCBBib y<iacTie CaaBHB'b bt* loaftKaxii ^aT^aHi>, 
HopMaHHOBii, aenpeM'^BBO Ba4o 4oaycTBTb, hto bo»s4b bx b bochjih 
4BoaubiA BMi'ua, KaKii CiaBABCRia, TaRi> b HtneuHiii. .liTonBC- 
uaMi. II'^MeaKHMii, aaflBcaBBiiiirb BX'b BMeaa, ROBeiao 4er<ie6bM0 
nepe^iaBaTb BMCHa H-fcMeaRia, HesKeja G^aBaacRia. 

c(A4b-MaKapB b Apyrie Apa6cRie BBcare^iB aaaJB CjiaBflBT* iio^ii 
BMeHeMi> Cukm6^j CaKcuu6a ii noTOMy ue cxajiB 6bi aasbiBarb ame- 
HCMb Ma49Ky HaadAaBuiBX'b aa tlcoaaiio Bb IX — Xll b. MopcKHXi* 
pa36ofiflaROB u, ecJB 6bi obb 4l^BCTBiiTe«ibiio 6bUB C.iaBAHej». 

Ho Baaaaaie Ma4H<y — ooraHbix'b, Be<iecTBBbix']>6bi.4O4aBa4*M0 
Be To.ibRo HopMaBBain*, ao.RBctM'b 4pyrBM'b Bapo4aMi», sKaBuiiiM-b 
Bi) aabmecTB'b, bi* TOM'b HBCJfi B CjaBflaavb. Oho oseub xopouiu 
Mor^io B4TB BMeBBo Ri* BajTificRHMii CjaBAflaMi», wliOTMHaiiii H 4py- 
niMi>,40dro ocTaBaBUiBMCfl bii aabmecreb, h BaBa4aBuiBMi» uanp. 3a 
04U0 ci> ^aT^iaHauB aa HcDauiio; CMiiuaaabiM »ce cocraBii arnx^ 
MopcRBXii Apy'KBB'b Be ao380JA4i» Hd3i*iBaTb BX'b CjaBaHajiiii*Ca» 
Kcuuffa. 

Bi> C4t4CTBie Bciixii 3tbxi> coo6paH<ttaiB ae Mory bi* aacToamee 
BpeMa no3B04HTb ceoi oTBtra oTpauaTeabaaro aa Boapocb: bii HBcut 
Ma4SKy, nepio4B<iecKB Hana4aBUJBxi> aa Bcnaaiio bi» TeieaiH X — Xli 
B.., ae 6biBa4B jb HCjaBaaei HMeaaoBaaTiucRie, ocodeaaoHceJiO* 
TH4B fl Bocejieaubi CjciBaucKie ua ocTposaxii ^laTCKBX'b? 

BecbMa noBBTBo, 4to Bonpoci> arorb, saaBMaa BastcTBoe wt- 
CTO Bi» BCTopiH OTHoaieuiH CjaBaBT> K'h Hcaaaia, aaxo4HTca B^ 
T'iiCHoii CBA3H CB 4pyruMH BonpocaMH uanp. o CTeneaR npe4npiiiM- 
iHBOCTH B y4a4bCTBa CjaBanii CaaTificRBxi*, o6'b flxi> HopcRBXi» 
CBjaxii, 4aBH0CTH B 4py3KecTBeaHocTB caoBieaiii BX'b c*b v^arsa- 
aaMB, BoapocauB, Becbua BaHcahJMa aah acTopin oTBomeaiS Cja- 
BflH'b Ea^TiiicKHXii ae tOwIkko Rb ^aHia, huh ki> Aar^iaB Ri>Cjia- 
BauaMi» PycpRUM-b. 

HcTopia oTBonieaifi GjaBaai> ri> HcnaaiH^ ae MajiOBa^KRaii 



I> GJABflBAl-b Wh MAJIOii A31II, D^ A4»PHK1» H Bl> HCDAiliy. 323 

opraHB4ecR2iii sacTb o6iuefi ncTopin Mipa CjaBaucKaro, Kancerca 
ua4HHaeTCii Be ci> rocoo4CTini Apa6uB'b bi> Hcaaain, cb KOTopbiniH 
npoHBRjM btb fle« CiaBaae h rbMii aaBaaajrH cuomeeia CBoaxj> co- 
D4eMeBHHC0Bi> ci> dToio CTpdHOfO. — PddyMliio a/ffecb yme BF>inieB3- 
josKeBHoe y ueBfl uatBie IIIa4>apHRa o CaaBaucKofi CTBxiu B-b 
Bau4a4a\i». H wkcb seAMa ue saM'fcTBTbf sto Bcropia CjaBanx 
BTb McoaBiB HaaoABT'b Ba ueodxoABMOCTbTmaTeJbBbix-b h ao4po6- 
Hbix-b BaucicauiB o BaB4ajaxi>, o cyAh6a%i> mx'h a-b Hcnaiiiii b b^ 
A<»pBirb« EcJB SKe corjacuo II]a<t»apBKy npB4eTca opBaBaTb B-b 
Dfll^ CTBxifo CiaBaBCKyio, to BeaadtsKBO abbtcb aonpocb: dtb 4Ba 
aepio4a acTopiB G4aBaBi» bi» HcoaniB — BaB4a4bcirifi b Apa6cKifi 
aaxoAflTCfl .IB n KaRofi Bfl6y4b aaaHMaoB caaaM? bbmmb ciOBaMB, 
CjaeaBe, opBine4ioie cb Apa6aMB bi» A«t>pHKy b Bb HciiaHiK), ue 
uauuB JIB rb qacTB BaH4a40B'b, ocTaamBXca bi> HcnaniB, cBOBxnb 

CODJeMeHBBROB'b B T'faH'b BdaBMBO Be yCB.lBJIB 4R B03M0»CH0CTB CO- 

xpaBeBiii cBoeS Bapo4BocTB b bb 6y4yuiee apena? Sbbjb jr Gja- 
Bflue HcBBBCRie B'b aepio4i> Apa^cRiii o TOM'b. hto u 3a4oaro 40 
HHX'b, Bik HcnafliB, Bii nepio4'b BaB4a4b€Ri&, ncBja CjaaaBe, ax'b 

COOJeMeBBBRB? 

JLE. E&iB cnpaBe4JBB0y hto GjaaaBe flona4a4B vh Mycyjb- 
BaaeRyio HeoaBiio ae TOJibRo qepeaib napaaeH, aaib VX^'^ 4>paB- ^ 

KOB%, p96aMR a BOeHHOflvltBBblMB, BO B Bit RBHeCTB'Jb OXOqBX'b, 

BojbHbix'b, ryjiaiuMXb ji04eii, to 6e3cnopBO, hto stb nocji4Hie 
npeHMyiuecTBeaao 6biJiB BS^CjaaaB-b A4piaTB<iecRBX'b, oTdkcubix'b 
R nocToaBBbix-L caonjeaiax^ ROTopbixii ch Apa6aMB bt> CauajiBy 
Kh A4»pBR'6 Hbi BM'bjiB yjKe cjyqafi roBopart wb CTBTbi o G^aaa- 
Haxib Wh Ao^pBR-b. 

£€jIB cnpaBe44BBo. «ito CBoineaia Gjiaaan'b c-b HcnaHCRBMB 
Apa6aiiB, o ROTopbixi* Mbi saapM-b h3i> cBH4i>TejbCTB'b ]Maccy4B,' 
l15Hi-XayRajia « [I6Hi>-raiiaHa a Eoyb-Gapora Xa34aa. BHeBHo 
DOToMy B aaBaaa^acb, ^to b'b Ucnaaia MycyjibMaacRoH »cajio Maoro 
CjasaR'b, coxpaBaBa]BXi> 404ro cboio Hapo4BocTb, — to aenpeia ba- 
Ho Ha40 yTBepHC4aTb, hto KpoMt PyccRBXi* a KapnaTCKax-b Gja- 
BflB-b ex Mycy^bMaacRoio Mcuaaieio Bb nepio4'b X — Xi B., Ror4a 
CjaBaae arpaiorb B'b neil aecbMa aeMa joaaBcayio pojb, aaxoja jacb 
Bib o6uieaiB a 4pyrie Bapo4bJ CjaBaacRie, aanp. ^y^poBHunaae a 



324 B. H. JAMAHCKArO« 

4pyrie ^ajmaTDHUbi \ BbicbMaeuiie vidrb cBoeii cpe^bi oxohhix, 
BOJbHbixi) H ry^muHX'b jio^efi ea cjjHc6y ki> Apadam* ii> Toubso 
Bi> CJimii^ifo H A<i>piiKy, uo b bi» Hcaauiio. 

EcjH fipMiioMHHM'b CHjy B duaseHie ApaooBii Bl» Gpe4ii3eHB0U'i> 
Mopt, cocTOiiiiie AjbMepiB, r^i bi* Xl b. 04Bfl'b aa ^pyrHMi^ aap- 
CTBOBajB 4Ba opara GjaBABHua, to hu CM'kio pimRMCii yTBepat- 
4aTb, «iTo Bi» ncTopiuoTUomeBiSC^aBflB'bR'bllcaaBiBcyuiecTByen 
Ttciiaa, B3aHBiiiaA CBfl3b BToparo nepio/ia (eua npBBHMaTb corjac- 
Ho cb lUa^ttapBKOM-b 6biTB0CTb CjaBABCKofi CTBxiB Bi> BaH4a4axi>) 



1. H±Th BH MJtliiiiaro ocuoMBia yTBepsiaxb, qT06u nop. ■ ^exM iie motji 
xoABTb B-b M7Cj.ibiiaHCi(>io HinaBiio. Uas^cTHo, hto bi XII b. 4exH joa'klau bi> Ucna- 
Hiio ua noKaoBeuie cb. laxoby KonuocTeabCKOiiy (Palacky: DSjiDj nar. Cesk. D. 1. £. 1. 
str. 405). Tenepb eme tie Nxrfeeiii* BBxaKoru npasa yTBepw4aTi>: 1) HexB Bit Bi-naHi» 
paubiue XII B. ue xoahjm; 2j Hexa xoamjh itubKo vh KoainocTejjy ■ BMKur4a ae 
^bmajB B-b KopAoB^ B Boofinie a-b ▲B4ajy3iu; 3} ^etu X a XI a. BB^iero Be auaja 
o AuTBOCTB 01808811 Bi UcoaBJB, o ■leMi* sBaaB CjaBBBe PyccKie, KapDaTCKie; 4} 
■JeiB H Mopaaaiie X b XI a. ue bb'^jh HBKaaux'b BByTpeuoHxii no6yBi4euiii, bji- 
aaaBXii aa-fciiiBMrb opeAcra'b ajb nockmeBiaHcnauiB. Bch ocaoBarejibBocTb npe4'bB4)'- 
maro saHtqaaia npeiiCTaaerb HBTarejfl>9 JMoifc TOJbKO oai BcnovBHT'b o Ttcauxi 
ci-Mjax'b 4exoB'b a Mopaaaa-b cb repaaaieio a Urajieio aii X a XI a. a o nyre- 
uiecTaiaxii Htaaeaii, ^paaigraoaii a llTajbaaaeB-b aah Bayaa aii Aa^jyain. Tep- 
(iepT-b, BOcnaTaTeJb Ottohb III, a a-b nocj'bjrTeiB nana noA'bBMeaeH'bCMjbBecTpallt 
yHB.icfl Bi X a. B'b Aa^ajj^ala. FpocBBTa roBoparb, hto ea Bpoaaaeiieaie: irPamo 
9. Pelagii, preliosissimi roartyris, qui oostris lemporibua in Gordaba martyrio est 
curonatasM , Banacaflo no pascKaaaa'b OMeha^na , ht6 yRaauaaerb aa Tor^aiii- 
Bifl cuonieaifl Utaneai cb ABAajyalex). Ca. Die Werke der HroUiTitha. Heraus* 
gegeben tou Dr. K. A. Baraik. Niirnberg. 1858. Ss. XXIII, 63 — 77. Cm. Geogr 
d'Ldriiti... trad, par Am. Jaubert. Paris. MDCCCXL. II, 229 — cL'^glige (Sant-Jigo) 
dont il s'agit est c^l^bre par les p^eriaages doot elle est Tobjet Les Chretiens y 
TicDnent de toutes parts, et, si Ton en excepte Tdglise de Jerusalem, il n'en est pas 
de plus imposautc. Elle pent m^me dire compart i la Comamd (de Jdnisaleni], sous 
le rappcrt de la beauld et de la grandeur des cunsCrucUuns, comma aussi sons celui 
des richesses qu*eUe renferme, prodoit de liberaliles et d*aum6nes. On y reniarqae 
quantite de croix d*or et d'argeut eDrirbiesdepierreries(elle8quesaphirs,emeraitdes 
et autres. Ces croix sont an nombre dj plus de trois cents, grandes ei petll^s Oo y 
compte en?iroii deux' centr colonoes recoureries d'ornements en or et en argeol. 
Cette ^glise e«t desse ryie par cent prdtres, sans compter lea servitenrs et les subsl* 
ternes. Elle est construite en pierres et en cbaux ni^lang^es, et entonr^e de diTerses 
maisoDS oi^ logent les prdtres, les religieux. les diacres... et de marches oik Too rend 
et oik Toil achate. 11 pxiste, tant anpr^s que loin de Teglise, des bourgs qui par leur 
etendue peuTent dtre compares k des villes, oik Ton fait beaucoup de commerce el 
dont la population est immensei». 



O CJABUHAXli Bl> MAJOS A31H, Bl» A4»PBK1i H Bl> HCnAIIIB. 325 

ci> TpeTbUMi»f ROTopbiH opu cKy4Hbix-b Tenepei0UBxi> CB'bA'bHiHX'hf 
Bcero jy^me aaiaTb KOHoeu'h XI b Dpo4*iflTb 40 r. XV a. 

CrpaHHo Hce 6bi30 6m yTsepHC^aTb aanp., hto ^ySpoauBiaae 
He BejB CBOiDeHifi ch HcnaHiefO B'b XII b., Ror4a B3BtcTiio, hto 
HexH, HirfcBaiie aoBH4BMOMy ropa340 ueHlie ki» Tony bosmomcbocth, 
BocfeuiaviH HcBaaiio B'b XU b. 6e3i> coMHtHiB, aoeimajB ee ^y-^ 
6poBHMHaHe a Bib XlO b., Ror4a bxi> <i»joT'b b Toprosja Hpeaabi- 

"lafiaO yCB JB.f HCb *« ROr4a OHH BejIM 40B0jlbH0 3Ba(iHTe^bHyio Top- 

roBjiio Cb A«i»pBRoio B Ror4a, RaR-b aanp. B'b t283 h t287 r., ohb 

3aRjllO«fB^TB TOprOBbie 40r0B0pbl CTh r^BBBliiiuiBMB nopTOBblMH r(H 

po4aMfl GBaBJiBy — CTh CBpaRyaoiO, MeccBBoio, BapjeTTOfo ifupo<i. 
06tBM'b 4oroBapBBaiouiB«CA cropoHairb o6e3ae«ieHbi 6bi4B aaaBM- 
flbifl npaBa rpa»c4afleTBa» HdvfccTHo raRMce, hto cb 1 283 r., nocji 
CBaB^i&CRaxi> aeqepeBb, rocB04CTRo ii84'b CauBjiieio nepetoao R'b 
4oiiy AparoHCROMy; aTO sKe odcToaTeubeiBo He Morjio ae co^tH- 
CTBOBdTb paciDBpeHfio CBflseB ^y6poBBBqaHT> irb HcnaHieio. 

no4aBHo cBa3H 3TB Be oejia6'&Ba.SH vb XIV b., Kor4a ceHaroM-b 
BeaeaiaHCRBM'b ^ydpoBuaqaHaH'b 4apoBaHbr6biJBDpaBaBeueuiaH- 
CRBY^ rpaHC4aH>, bi» cpe4'ik ROTopbixii Bcer4a Haxo4Bjecb mhofo 
CJaBaB'b^BJR Kor4at leaR'b B'b 1385 r. 4y6poBHB>iaue 3aRJiosa- 
lOTb cii ^paHuieK) ToproBbiii 4oroBopi>« RoropbiMi* BbiroBopajiB 
ce^ 6ojbniia opaBa a npeaiiyiuecTBa. BeacnopHo, hto CHomeHiii 
4y6poBBBRa Ch Hcaaaiefo 6biJH 'ior4a ynce 4aBaAbHa anaHB- 
Te4bubi ^ 



1. AnneflAUHH aaMtnaerb apo Aoroaop'h A^6powaBHaB'h ct OnHineVb, 8&KJio<iea* 
■ujft n 1240 r.: qho Irattato curiosissim*) il quale moslra, che la niarina gid in quel 
tempo aasQJ accreditata per lotto TorieDte ed occidente dei noatri iiiari»i Cm, apeAhUAj- 
mjn cTaruo o CjaBaaaxi* b-^ A«pHR^ 

% Cm. CTiTbm KyBjjeBH«n-CamHHa^ro: Uinke| porodke u MletaCkom Plem* 
•iTo— T. e. CjaBMieKU «aMijiii B'b BeaeiiiAflCKoai» ABopakcTvb (ArluT za PoT^stoica 
JogoshTensko. U lagreba. ISttl. Kn. I. Sir. 38 — 54). HeropiA OTBouieaiii CjaeaH'B 
n BeoeqiH h CiaBBBCsaji wb sett cthxib, — aecMia o6mBpHbiii ot4^1i o6meil hcto*^ 
piB oTaomeBUl CjiBBB'b tch BTaiui, — wh BaeroBiqee BpeMS, opn BacTyDaH>aieM-'b 
■oapoaAeaiB adpa CiaBBBCBaro h HTajiH, iffcua KOTopoil rbcBO^ h uepaapuBHO CBBaaou 
ci 4tjaBB Cjbbbucbbmii, oco6eBBo DpBB^eBaer-b aanie sBBiiaiiie, rpefiya Maccu. Tp>- 
AOJK><(BBUYfc m AapoBHTuii* AJ^ytJieii. 

3. OoRa BCTopiio ^y^poBBBxa mu 6yAf'h Bayqarb no rpjAy Anneu4BHR, secbsa 
noqTeBooMy aim cBoero BpeMCBM, iio nuBi aecbHa ue40CTaT0MB0My, 4a rtn noyrh 
Bu oe iioa[eii'b Be npn61ira.Th Rb HaaeAeBiio b auajoria : aCo atrii coauibaifl, *ito cy- 



326 0. 0. JAMAHCKAfO, 

Bi>XVb., KoVASi Bi* ej'fe^CTBie paaHMnii o6cTo»TejibCTB'l>, koto- 
pbiMH ^y6poBHHK'is Bcer^a jobro jmI^aij aojbaoBaTbCA, bca oo<ith 
EBponeiicRdfl ToproBJfl cl A<i»pHRoio craja KaKi* 6bi HCK^nosHTe-ib- 
Bo ero npDBBjjerieio, bx XV b*. 9Ta yMuafl o6aiiiHa CjiaBUBCRaa, 
dTOT'b A/ipiaTBqecKifi UoBropoiii> 40CTHraeTi» Becbua 6ojbiiiaro aua- 
MeiHH TaR'B, qio no c^oBaMii oAUoro coBpeiieflBHRa, «Be 6biJo vh 
EBpoat TaRoro y4a.ieBBaro yr.ia caiiaro BerocTenpiauBaro, r4'fc 6bJ 
Be.Ab3a 6biAo BCTp'fcTBTb RyBaeBi>^y6poBHHURHXi>o. (AnncBABBB ape- 
0O4Brb iJ04JHBBbifl cjIOEB Daj.iaiiia 4>ocro: «Hinc est quod aalla 
Earopae para adeo abdita est, ila adveoia itifeabi ut ia ea Rhagusa- 
oos Doii iovenias aegotialores. Habebant aaoia auperioribus (del 
1450 in circa) cum ante Senatus Yeueii decre turn jure sao« quo- 
cunque vellent^ navigare poaseni, naves ampliustreceBtaa,quasmer- 
cibua onustas in diversas orbis paries ^ad questum mittebanl). — He 
4apoM'b rop4B4BCb Tor4a A4piaTM4t*cKie CUaBaae cboumi* ^y6poB- 
UHROHi>. O4HBI1 U3i» jysujiixi> BOdTOBi> cBoero BpeMeHH, IleTpi 
reRTopeausb (1 486 f 1 372 r.), ypoweiiem* ocrpoea Xaapa (Lesioa) 



iitecTByioTib nojOKuTejbuufl BBtfhctin o cBonieeUx-b As^^omuKat crh HcnaBiew n 

aroTb nepio4'b, ho ohm eme, no KpailHocTB oaMii, ue mbbI^ctbu. Ecjb ae mm bcto- 

piB OTBODieoiif CjaBBnik Kit HcnaaiB, to aab BCTopiN OTuomeaiit HcoauiieB'h aoo^me 

Hit Mipy BOrTOHHO-EBponeftcROMy , rpeKO-CjaaflBCKOBy, 8acjyBrBBaeTi> BanBaHia 

cy^bOa utcROJbRBxi tucbh^ HcnaHueBii, cocTOBBOiBX'b aa cjjmOt BBaanTiftcraii 

BMnepaTopOBi* bi XIV b. Cm. Lebeau: Hist du Bas-Empire. Noot. MIL, rerue entt^ 

rement, corrigee et augment^e d'apr^s les hist, oriefitaai^ par M. de Saint-Martio el 

cODtinu^e par M« Brosset Paris. MDCCCXXX^. T. XIX. HaqaJbBBROB-b tnofi spj- 

ftBHU 6biji> PoBtepi* Ae ^jopi, BCTynBBmiH aa cjiyacfiy vh BHoeparopy Abapobbkjt 

Bi 1303 r. Ero Boacxa OTOpaaajBCb nai Meccaau aa 26 cyiiaxi. «Le nombre des 

troupes etnbarqu^es sor ceUe floUe se montait A enTiron bait miUe hommes de diffe- 

reotes nations. II s*y troaTait des Siciliens, des Catalans, des Aragonais et des Almo- 

garares (pp. 2^5, 8, 14—17, 31—30, 39—56, 66—79, 89 etc.). E^bb jb ae xeja- 

TejbBo noBBjeaie aa PyccKOM'b murb iiOiipofiBoil h ocaoBaTejbaoit Boaorpa^ii 

cyAh6± 9TBirb KaTajoaaeB'b bi BaaaHTittcBoi BMnepia. O bbx'b coxpaaeuu jk>- 

ConbiTBua aas'bcTifl ae TOJbRO BMsaiiTittiiaHB, kbri* aanp. llaxBMepoirb n ap}t.j 

bo b HcnaaneBii MyaranepOBi.. TojbRO no TmaTeibaoB^ B8CJ'b>iOBaBiB cjAe^'h bxi 

eraaeT-b BoavoacauHii rorb bjm 4pyroli oTB'bT'b aa Boppoci: bmIuib jb 8tb HcnaHou 

Mah'iH BB6y4b caomeaia a co CaaBBuaMa? a ecja bmIijib, to B-b KaKoa creneBa? Bi 

Xill B. MM BCTpiqaoM'b Hcnaaqea-b B-b fiearpia. Cb. M. Rogerii Hangari, Varadieo* 

sis capituli cauonici niiserabile carmen sen bistoria super destructions Bungariae 

temporibus Bela IV regis, per Tartaros facta (y UlBaaATaepa 1): nin quo (castroci- 

ritatis Strigonii) erat comes Symeon Hispanus, cum multi» ballistariis, qui le rtrililer 

defendebat (cap. XL). 



O CIAB)IUAll> Bl> MA^oft A31H, Bli A<i»PBK'fi itf Bl> HCHADIH. 327 

BT> U4110M i> oBCbMt K^ CBOeM^ opiBTeaio wh I 557 r. nuca^-fc Me- 
»c^y opo(iiiMi»: «IIpHro4a mh ce...- DoiiTa ao oHora cMaBHora rpa^a 

(ROHM Ce CBH 4II'9BII0 KOTOpblM-b Mbl BCJb rop4HMCB) 4y6pOBHMRa» *. 

rauH6aji» «AyqHHb (1480 f 1530 r.), toskc ypo»ceuem» ocTpoBa 
XB^pa, B^cBoeM'b aantHaTeabuoifb cTaxoTfiupeiiiu«rpa4y^y6poB- 
UBKyo — roBopuTi»: 

Aa aaR4u opasy BenaMBpHy tboio, 

4y6poBBB«ie, cjiasy i^raBBX-b ce 4a aoio, 

BbicoRBMii pa4'b 6bxi> fl rjacoMi* aaaBouHTB, 
H TBOK XBa«Ae Til 40 tte6a bobbtb^ 

4y^poBHBqe, Hoemu nameta n^wta^ 

Ka uBaTeiBb b iiB^bcTB Ba34a bemb 40 BBsa. 

B 4aj| dC* 

IIpaB4a K Temejib tboM, pasyMii k TBa naKa, 

Tbc cxaHK y noRofi noqHBa Bbnx'b qaba. 
Gjo6o4aH'b fl BBiaaii ubBMa cb 4o6po anafii 

W 04i> CBBXT) paa^BqaB'B rob cy Te6e Rpafi. * 
BwIh: 

MoB BBCHB c6pOBT«l HBRBROp^ BIB Hoha 

Cbb RpaK, <iacTBTH j(y6poBBBR'b r4B o6hB: 
Kpo3'b rope, Rpoaii ^yre no caery csefi Mu«ie 

TaproBue 6pe3'b 4pyre 3a6aBe bb opaie^ 
Ho cTpaHat.i>, Re rjie4a cyaae ea 4aje"ie9 

n ROK npHRi> pe4a, b cb pe40M'b Re aeqe, 
Cbh rapre npBMaio, Mapao Re' 4OB0CBf 

H Re OHB 4aK>, OB'b MBpHO 04flOCB. ' 

Otti XV B. ysKe ecTb HSB'facTifl o ToproBji 4y^poBHURa cb 
Hcnaaieio^ 4oroBopaMB 1494 a cjit4yiouiaxi> ro40B'b 4>ep4B- 
Hau4'b V a naaoejija npe40CTaBaja esiy 6ojibiuiB opasa a apeaMy- 
mecTBa^ Bi> aapcTBOBaaie Hce Kapja Y« 6jaro4apii Hcaaaiat 

1. start Pjesnici Hrratski od Iraoa KukuljeTida Sakcinskog. Srezak I. Pjesn 
Htt. XV Tieka. IT Zagrebu. 1856. Tiskom nar. tiskarse Ora. Ljodevita Gaja. 

2. Eogel: Gesch. d. Freyst. Rag. Ss. 164—165. 

3. AnneH4BBB roBoparb npii cemii opo Ay^pomavL^tarh: Nella generate espakione 
dei Mori da qaei yasti regDi east ebbero rincumbenza di traaportarli 8uU*oppoato 
spoode deU'Africa e si resero padroni d 'immense riccbezze. 



328 B. 0. JAMAUCKATO, 

TuproBja 4y6poB0aRa, no cjoiiaMi> AiiaeH4BBH, ^ociurja Hosaro 
oliecKa (acquistava an duovo sptendore). Ho dTo ynce otbochtc^ rtt 
4eTBepT0iiy. (hjh Tperbeu)) nepio4y acTopia oTHouieHitt dasau-b 
Ki* HcnaMia, oepioAy Becbua aasKaoMy a aa Jio qiai* ycrynaiOiiieMy 
aepio4y aycyjbMaacKOMy , Ror4a CaaBaae bi* Hcnaaia arpA^n He 
ueaaaHBTCMBHyio pojb a oOiAuaoBajacb ueMa^AOBasKHbiM'b aaaseHf eau*. 
npeHC4e 4'bH'b nepe&TB uaab ai 9TOMyaepio4y9yRa»€eni» eaie 
aa atROTopbm o6cTOATejbCTBa, paacaoTpiaie ROTopbixi* 40ja3i8uo, 
HasKeTCB, Ba&Ta CBoe m^cto Bb actopia aacTonmaro nepio4a« 

Ec4a copaBe4^aBO, hto xapaarep-b Me»(4yaapo4abix'b cuoine- 
HiM orpaaaqaBaeTCB a onpe4'b4aeTca aToroMi» «iacTBbiX'b c<nyB- 
CTBifi a Bjeieaitt, to 6bi rb MotKerb craaerb BcaRoay aoaaTua Ba»c- 
aocTb cj'&4yfouiax'B 4aBHbixb. 

B'b XV B. aaxo4ajiat;b aa -c^iyncdi 4y6poBHaRa aicRojbRo He- 

naaiieB^v ROTopbie oRaauBaioT'b CBoeay uoBoay oreiecTBy 6ojibniia 

yc«iyra. PaayaiH) Asyx'h aaMt«iaTejbabix'b y^teaux-b BpaneS lOpin 

a Ilemjpa Hcwumem^ UlnaHOHb aja DlnaHbejoeb. Hx'b oaaajia bi» 

1480 r* oojysajia Bi»4y6poBuaK'fe npaBa rpaHC4aacTBa, a apeapa- 

THjacb oROJO 1 600 r. lOpia lIlnaHbej'b nojiyqaj'b BocnaTauie y 

OTaa CBoero HaROjaa, K)BouieK) 6^^111 oTnpaBJieai», aa cMerb ce- 

Bara 4y6poBBaaRarO| B-b Efapaacb 4Jfla3yseaiiiMe4Baaflbi, r^ro- 

TopoH OB'b syacTBOBa^'b apaaBaaie. OT4a<iBbi& Bpaqi* a flacarejb, 

lOpifi ocTaBa4% no ce6b coqaaeaie, CBa4^TejbCTByi0iiiee o 4'fcjb' 

BocTB ero aanpaBjieaiii, 0041* ca'^a* aarjiaaieM-b: cDe ratione me- 

dendi eos, qui sub climate Ragusae nati suDt» — t. e. aO cnoco6t 

^dbqeaia ypoaceflueB'b 4.y6poBaaaRBX'b*». — DjeMaaaaR-b lOpia^ 

DeTpii IIIoaRi>ejT> yiajca bi> Hrawiia a, no npaHtpy cBoero4fl4B, 

TaKHce 6bMi» Bpa^eMx-nacaTejieM'B. Do cJOsaM'b AnDeu4aaa« napo- 

Hewh 6b]Tt Mosaerb oraadoiHbiM'bv coHaaeaia ero ae 4oaiJB 40 

aae-b. 

Bo BCflROMii cjyia'fc cy4b6a 9TRX'bIIInaabe.ioBi»3acjy»caBae'rb 

1. Appendini. Not I, 33. Oe-k omH6ca, cKaaai'b, *ito 9to coHHaeBie yrpawso 
(oon existe pi6). Bx Becbiia ■asaoH'B aja CjiaBflUHcroB-b co^HHeaiH: Specimeo biblio- 
graphicum de Dalmatia el agro Labeatiom aactore Josepbo TalenUnelli propraefecto 
Bibliothecae S. Marci Veneliarum. Veneliia. Typit CaeciniaiHs el Soc. iHDCCCXLII— 
«iiiTaeiiii Ha crp. 96, noA'h J^ 306: Gtwqiut Biipanus ^ De rat med. eos qui t* 
clim. Rbacusae nati aunt. Codex ineditua. Auctor floroit aaeca^a XY. 



O GJABflHAXl Kh MAJO& A3IB, BTh A«frPilR'B y Bl> HCRAHIB. 329 



RasKercfl BuaHaHifl h eeBOJbOo B036yaKAaeTbBoapocbj, KOTopbieB'b 
CBOio 04epe4b BbisbiBaiorB yabicKauia. 

He 6bMo Aii H eine HcoaHaeBi B-b dTorb nepioiii> irb 4y6poB- 
HHirb a wh ^.BJiMaiUB? E4Ba ab ee crpaBVO 6hiA0 6bi yTsepTKAaTb, 
4TO 4Ba aaM'b^aTejiiBbix'B qejosiRa, npypoABbiX'b Ucnauaa, uy- 

HCBBmie B-b 4y6pOBBBR'by 6blJB BABBCTBeflBbie HcnaBUbl, SKBBHlie 

Bit ^y6poBOBRt H Boo6tiie B'b 4a.iMaiiiB bi» npo^oaHcefliB XV b.? 
£4Ba jm 6yAerb Be noocBOBaTejbBte Bpe^ooJOBCBTb, hto rb XV b. 
bi» ^y6poBflBRi B Boo6iiie B'b JifiijManw nepe6biBa^o, eejiB Be o*ieBb 
MBoro, TO B Be vajo IIcoaBiieBi» , BOTopbie Be h&b me AOAmubi 
6bijiB 6biTb 4i04bMB aaMl^arejbBbiiiB, ocTBBjaiouiBMfl DO ee&b aa- 
MaTb DOTOMCTBy? HdROBeu-b MOHceTi> Aaace- b 6hiM Bt qacj'b ax'b 
a 4pyrie, aecbMa 4ocTofiflbie ^11048, Roropui-b AnDeB4aBB bjb 
BOBce Be 3Ba4x, B4a a aaaa-b, 4a Do^ieiiy jb6o ae aamejii ByacBbiM'b 
yooHflByTb. CoHaaeaie ero, aacaaBoe cjauiKou'b flaTb4ec8rb j^isTb 
TOMy Ba3a4'bt apaB4a aecbua 4o6pocoBicTBoef Ttn-b ae veaie ac- 
nojaeBo Be^aRaxi* Dpo6i40Biv Be40CTaTB0Bi» b oponycROBi». Be- 

JBROe MBOXCeCTBO 4paroaiflBblX'b 40RyMeBT0Bl a BCT04BaR0Bl> 

BCTopia 4y6poBBBRa, 4awiMaiUB aeacarb bi> dafijioreRax-b b apxa* 
Baxii \ ToJbRo DO fl34aBiB orpoMBoB Maccbi bcto^bbrobi* b Toaa- 
TeabHOMii, RpBTBHecROM'b Bxi* a3C4'fc40BaBiB, MoaKBo 6y4erb pimB- 
TejbBo yTBepac4aTb to bab 4pyroe; b^ aacToamee Hce apeiia apa- 
ByBC4eBBbie orpaaaqaaaTbca Dpe4D04oaceBiaMB9 Mbi aab ocTopoHC- 

BOCTH 40JHCBbI OCTaBaBJBBaTbCB BB BBflddjie atpOBTBblX'by DaB6o- 

A^e cor^acBbixii c'b paayMOM'b a ci> oObiRBOBeaabiM'b xo40M'b 4'bj'b. 

MeHC4y rhwhj e4Ba ab 6bi Torb ae nocTyDBi-b o^eab oapoHeT- 
«iBBO, RTo Baaaa^-b 6bi B036y9R4aeMbie 34'bcb Boapocu Dpa34BbiMa, 
HeyM'ltcTBbiMa: — poHC4aeM bie ae b3t> oycTaro 4io6oDhiTCTBa , obb 
BTb CBOIO o«iepe4b 6y4flTii caM04iaTejibB0CTb, Raacerca eiae c4Bm- 
ROM'b 4peMjiouiyio Wh Bacb, C^aBflaax-b, a yRadbiaaforb aaM'b 
aa Booiiouiyio, BacToaTeJbHyio ueo6xo4aMocTb apaaaTbca auB'b 
BcibMi* coo6aia aa D04po6Boe a acecTopoaaee aayieaie aameii 
BCTopia. 

Hejbaa tbrhcc BeyRa3aTb aa 04bbi> jiio6oDbiTBbiii 4»aRT'b, no- 
Bbiai, cR04bRo M fli aaaicTBO, Be odpaDiaBmiS aa ce6a BaaMaBiA.y«ie- 



1. Cm, rb DpBJOxeaiflX'b^ 



330 B. H. JAMAHCRATOv 

Hbixii, a MBTKAy rbmrh BOOJHt ero aacjyaKUBaioiuiiit oGo6eHiio SKe 
ao oTHoineuiio K-b B036y»c4aeMbiMii a^icb Bonpocanii. 

3a €oo6meHie aiBXi* 4aHHbiiL'h cqyTaio Aojiroii^ npHBecTH uc- 
KpeHUfOK) 64aro4apHocTb jioqTeuBOMy CjaaauBCTy BaoieMy H. II. 
CpeaneBCKOMy; ROTopbiH vh cosepuieBuoe bmii bii Ba"ia ji 40-xii ro* 
40B'b nyxeaiecTBie bo Jla-iMaiUBf flpo-bsxcan o^Baw^bi Bn CaJBra 
(Spalatro) Ba ocTpos-b Kypiyjy (Carzola), ycjuxaj-b olrb »cBTeaeS« 
qTo Ba flojyoctpoBt/Zedfeuiat^ (SabbioDcello) TUBBf/ThlLlnaHbeJM^ t. e. 
HcoaBiibi.OTnpaBBBinBCbBanejeBiau'btnoqTeBBbifi npo<i»eccop'b aa- 
uiejii B-bcejeBiH OpeSuub^ qHCTbix'b CepdoBi, RaK-b bo aabiRy, tas-b 

B BO BpaBaiTb H ofibliaBMlvv KOTOpblB OABBKO Be TOJbRO y OKpeCT- 

Bbix'b 3KBTe4e&« BO u y ce6fl 40Ma aaabiBaioTca IllBaHbeAaMB, 2K«b- 
uiBBbi cejeaiB Ope6Bqb (RaRi» 3anBca4'b y ee6a Wh 4opoHCBoSi rrbsk- 
Ki» H. H. CpeaBCBCRiS, KOTopyio obi* b coo6iiih4i» Mai) Beo6biRBO' 

BeBBO XOpODlfl C060IO, Cl»604bniBMB qepBbIMB rjaaaMB, TBB'b BX-b — 

HcBaBCRiii, flapfl4'B ax'b — Be Bno4B^ CjaBUflCRiB; cBepxi> Kou/ufjm^ 

B04'b ROpceTOMl* BOCflT'b OH'b TaKl> BaBblBaeMyiO XOMUHy^T* e. CB- 
BIOK) CyRBH) Cb BIBpOROIO BpaCBOlO B HCe4TOIO KafiMOIO. Hb rpjAB 

y BQX'b 0Hcepe4be cii 4yRaTaMB, rbri b y Bamaxi* Ma4opocciaBORi». 

ro40BBofi 9Ke ydop-b BX-b Cl> 4eBTaHfl, UBiraMB H BepbAMB, — yHce 

Be G4aB8BCRifi,— -BaabiBaexcji KMoSyttb n nenanniNib, Btpoarflo orb 
CTapBBBaro HcflaacRaro cAosa pena nepo (ao-(]Ta4bflBCRB peBiia)^ 
9TBlIJBaabe4bi— fl4BBpBpo4BbieCep6bi« hto »cb4B 404ro bi» 
HcBaaia a BepeBfl4B B'^ROTopue HcBaacRie o6bi>iaB« — B4b ypow- 
4eBBbie Hcaaaabi, Ror4a*TO B0ce4BBBiiecfl bb B04yocTpoBi He- 
4eniii'fe, €11 TeseaieMi* apeMeBM yrpaTaBuiie cboio Bapo4HOCTb a opu- 
BflBmie GjaBABCRyfo, 

EC4H 6b] TO 6bI4B BpBp04Bbie C4aBflBe, ^TO BBa4BCb BBli HcBa* 

Bill Bi> Ope6a<tb ae4aBB0, Baap. B'b f 7 cto4.,. to e4Ba 4b 6bi ae 
yTpaTB4B oaa Ma4'&iiuiie C4t4bi Bpeueaaaro BpedhiBaaia CBoero vh 



1. Porlolaoo del mare Adritico compilato aoUo la direziooe deiriDStitato Geo- 
graflco Militare deli' I. R. Slato Maggiore Generale dal Capitaoo Giacoroo MarienL 
1830. ffGli abiUnti di Orebiccio aooo numerosi e la piik parte dediti alia nayigationeM 
(p. 391). Odit OpeOuHb BOo6me cm. raaace crp. 390— 391. 

2. Bi* oaiodameiica y Meaa no4i> pyKaMa UcnaRCROM'b cjoaapi ae naxomy 
caoaa pena: atpoarno oho renepb Bbimjo hsi* ynoTpefijeaia. Ch. Diet Eapagool. 
Frangaia... par Joseph de Fonaeca. Paris. 1852. Cpaao. penola h pendola. 



O CJABUHAXX Wh BfAJOfi A3lil« ITB A^PBK« H Bli RCHAHIU. 331 

Hcnaein h He DOCTapajncb cROfrbe if36aBHTbCR otx HasBaaiff, ko- 
Topoe Bi> TaKOMii cjy*iat abho 6bi 6biJio iimi> bti sacMtiUiRy a no- 
Annuo yme caMB ce6fl aoubiu*fc ohb BeHa3biBa4B6b]lUDaHBe4aMB, 
Ecjfi 6bi OHB npadbKiB bt> Ope6a«l^ Bai» HcDaaiB bi> XVIII ctoj., 
TO Roae^Bo coxpaaajB 6bi naM^Tb a eBeem* npB6biTiB. 

ECJB Hce To6blJBnpBp04BbieHciItfBI|bi(RaRliTOropa340B4pO* 

noyio6flte), to obb AOJacau 6b]jiB aoce^arbCff MeHcjy CjiaBBHaMB 
BBRaRii' ae ooaave aanaja XVI b Roaqa XV r(M«r eua eme ae 
paabme. 

C'b BBHB 40JBCBbI 6bMB 6blTb BCeflEIlBBbl, Ajth TKB BJB TpB 

ceMbB ae MorjB eme /^arb aasBaflia ni'fajoMy cejeRiia, ^taace, eejB 
6bi BpB6b]jB B oqeab ae^aBBO. SCaTeja cejeaifl Opefiasb mbofo-' 
qacjeaabi — gli abitaoti di Orebiccio sono numerosi e la pia parte 
dediti alia navigazione. 

CatAOBaTeJbao cb cavaro aa^aja aTaxx HcoaacRBX'b ooee^ea- 
aeBi» Aojwao 6bijo 6biTbA0BOiAbBO.MBoro, no«ieMyoaBMorjB4airo 
coxpaaiiTb cBQfO aapoABocTb. HaRoaea-bnoTepaaapoiiHocTB aeMo- 
rja apoBCxo4BTb aaaqe* RaRi» o^ieab Me44eaao: caanaja roBopajB 
DO^HcnaHCRB, a 40BOJbao 404ro, TaKii RaRil y aaxi* 6bi4B cb co« 
6oio Hceamaabi, aoTon-b cTaja roaopatb no CwiaBaacaa, ao ae hb- 
CTO, BCRaxceaao, aarfcM'b pa3y<iB4BCb aabiay HcaaacRoiiy* 6pocBjiB 
CBOB aapfl4biy o6bi<iau b o6paTBjBCb bhb qacTbn-b C4aBflB'b. TaRoe 
BpeBpameaie coBepinaTbCA CRopo ae Mor4o. Do 9tbmii ocaoBaaiflM'b 
BBmyuiifi aTB crpoRB Bcero ^lynuie B04ara4'b 6bi aaqajo oroSt ro* 
joaiB oxaecTB R'b aacToameMy oepio4y9 t. e. ri» oRoa^aaiio XV b., 
ec4B eme ae paabme* 

HcoaaubK HCHBmie bi> XV b. bi» 4y6poBRBRiB noayqaBioie B'b 
aeuir apaBa rpa3K4aBCTBa, Roeeqao Bbiyqaaa^BCb aauRy CLiaBaa- 

CBOMy, B BMifl 4py36fi Me»4y CjaBflBaMB, 3aaR0MB4B BX1> Cb CBO- 

BM'b OTeHecTBOH'b, ero asbiROM-b, apaBBMH a o6bi4aflMB. daaRouflcb 
Cb Hcoaaieio sepes^ ea 4iTeii, C4yHCBBinBXi* ^y6poBHBRy, mbo- 
rie CjaBflBe bi» aroM-b oepio4'& 6bijB 6«ib3ro aaaROHbi cb aeio a 

JBHB0« TdRl* RaK'b B'b XV B. TOpPOBblfl CHOUiefllfl ^y6pOBBBRa Cb 

HcaauieK). ae nepecxaBaBmifl oo Bcefi BtpoATaocTB cb XI b.* ae 
T04bR0 4aBa4H CjaBaBaM-b B03Mo»caocTb, HO B pboiBTejbBO 3aeTa- 
BJfljB axil BbiyiBBaxbca ^3biRy HcoaacRoay. Ec4b Hcnaaubi Mor- 
^B 6biTb B 4^ficTBBTe4bao 6biBa4B rpa»%jaaaMH 4y6poBaBRa, to 



332 B. n. 4AMAHGRArO, 

HlsT-b HH maj'fcHinefi Ha4o6HocTu yreepxc^aTb, <ito 4y6poBUii<iaHe 
ch CBoefi cTopoHbi He Mor^H B 4'feHcTBBTewii>B0 He nepecejflJHCb bi* 
HcnauiK) a ee cjyxcBJB bi> ueii. 

A6y-4xca<i»ap'b n6BT>-XaTHMa, poiiHBuiiiica b^ 1 323 — 4 r., 
Tairb oDHCbiBaeT'B AjibMepiio, va^ bi> XI b. uapcTBOBajH ojhh'b sa 
4pyrHiii» 4Ba 6paTa CjaBaHBHa. crAjibMepia ecTb ae iBHaftmiS pu- 
HOR'B Bi) AHiajiyain; xpHCTiaHCRie Kyiiubi scwxh nai^iA aBJaiOTCH 
B-b ea nopTii h HMiiorb rs ueS cboh «i»airropiB. OTcm^a xpHCiiaH- 
CRie ToproBUbi ornpaajiajncb Bit paanbia irfccTa h puRKH BHyrpB 
cTpaHu, VAt H aaRyoajfl nyacHbie TOaapbi. TaMoateHUbiii c6opT>, 
B3HHaeMbifi Ch Rynuea-b xpMCTiaHCKBxi>, 4oxo4BJ'b 40 aecbBia ana- 
qHTewibHofi cyMMbi H npeBoexo4Bvii> ace, tto c6HpajH wh 4pyrHX'b 
MopcRHX-b nopTax'b...» (Gayaog.). 

KoHe«lHO Vh MHCji 3THX1> RyBUeB'B He MBJO 6bI.I0 H iOHCHblXl* 

GjaaaHi*. Beacnopao hxi» hhofo aepe6b]Ba4o bi> BcoaHiB XV b. r, 
Gy4ii no HcoaHaaMii y CjaaflB'b, nanp. rpaae4aHe4y6poBHHRao'rb 
qacTaro a 40jraro ape6b]BaHifl bii cTpaH'bt Bcryna^a cib Hcnauaa- 

MB Bl» 4py9KeCRifl R p04CTBeHHbia CBA3B, aHBROMRwIB HXX Wh CBOH) 

o^epe4b (TBCBOHM'b Hapo40Hi», ero aabiROMx, npaBaHH h o6bisa8MB. 

Ho 6biTb HOHceT-b Boapaaarb: cROMy b-b HcnaHiH XV a. uorja 
flBBTbCfl oxoTa aaBBMaTbCfl ey4b6oio GjaBarb? MiMi» Norjionjeua 
aame aaauTepecoaaTb Tor4ainHBX'b l1cnaHaeBi«? Mto bi» Hesrb 6bi- 
JO CBJbuaro, acHaaro, oco6eHHaro, ROTopoe mofjo 6m B036y4BTb 
axil BHaMaaiey aacTaaaTb roaopaTb r pacnpaiuaaaTb, BCRarb aca4Ho 
uyqaeBii ro acaRaro po4a CB'64'feHiaMii o ueM'b?» 

Kaac4bifi o6pa30BaHUbiB Eaponeeu'b Bcer4a anaj'b, qro Me- 
XB, IIojflRH, Cep6bi, PyccRie h ilpoH. npaBa4Je3KaTb rt> o4hch 
My HjeMena a roBoparb no«iTB 04HBM'b a T'^mi* ace 'aabiROM^. 
HcDaaubi aToro nepio4a« cnoeacb cb e4HH0B'fcpHbiMB bmi> loat- 
HbiMB CjaaaBaMB, o^eab xopomo 3Ha4B« sto Mexa 6hijiH axii co- 
ajeMeHBBRaMa, a aonpocb HemcRiii 40jro aojiiOBaj-b Becb Tor4ani- 
aifi RBTOJaqecKifi Mip-b, bi» ROTopoM'B a coapeMeHnaa HcnaHia sa- 
HBMaenr ne noc4'fe4Hee Mtcro. 

Ha uepROBHOMi* codopli a-b KoHCTaHU'fe« rxk npacytcTBO- 
bbjio, RpoMt nanbi a PaMcaaro aMneparopa*. 30 Rap4HHajoBi>, 
4 aarpiapxa , 33 apxieoBCRona , 1 50 eoacKoooa'b , a'fccRojRo 
coTii 4pyraxi ope^aTOB'Bt 40RTopoBi a npoq., 4 ayp^apcTa, 



4 
\ 



O ClABJlHAXli Bl* MAJOB A9IU, Vh A^PHR-B U Bl> HCnAHlB. 333 

24 K»fl3fl B repuora, 78 rpao^oB-b. 676 6ojbuiHxi» h iiajibixi» 4B0- 
paui» CO BC'kiTb seMeabv — Sexi* Rwh Fych aa cboh epeTH4ecRifl 

MH'feHifl apBrOBOpea-b 6bl41i 4yX0BBbIMB OTUaUB K-b COHCHCeUlK) B«IBf 

no co6cTBeHHOMy bxt^ BhipaHceuiio , rbjo ero npenopyiBjiB ohu 
BJiacTB cB^TCKofi, a 4ymy 4bABo«iy« 6. iioaii 1415 r., nocpeAB 
orpoMBoii To^obi apBTe^efi, coHCHceHi* CbtA-h Bea^ift CwiaBBBCKiB 
iiy<ieeBRi». Ero CBarafl cuepTb rjy6oRo oopaaaaa ^ yrHeTeHBbia 
MacGbi . aana^a t b canHXii najaiefi ero, cypoBbixi* ape4CTaBUTe- 
4efi rocD04CTB0BaBuiaro Tor4a bi Espoflt PBMCKO-HtMeuKaro bb* 
npaBJieaiflv oancRo-4^eo4a«ibBbix'b oopA4ROBi: Bapo4'b9 to^ibmbiuiMcb 
apB RaaflB, roBopBAb: a Mm ae aHaeMi*, bi» newh obi* bbbobcbi*; 

aBaeMl TOJbRO, HTO OB'b MOJBTCJIv ^TO OBX rOBOpBTX, RaRl» BO- 

TBHUbifi opaBe4BBRi». A CTporofi ^KaBBTBR-b, daefl Ca^baitt caa- 
dSijrh apo aero: «Obi> mcdi'b aa ciiepTb, rbrii aa aecejufi aapi*; 
BB 04bbi» B340X'b Be BUjeTiAi) B3^ rpy4B ero; BBr4'b ae odaa- 
pysKBj'b oH'b HB Majiifiniaro apaaaaRa caa6ocTB. Cpe4B njaiieBfl, 
OB-b 40 floc4t4Bflro B34bjxaaiii Boaaocaj-b MOAaray Rib Oray *••*.» 
KoaesBO HOjiaa 0611 aroii'b Hy4B0M'b epeTaai aa 3aMe4ABAa pac- 
npocTpaflBTbCfl B3i> KoB€Taaua (r4'b bi> to ^apeMB ao cjy^aio co- 
6opa Haxo4BAocb e4Ba ab Mea'fee 50,000 aaocTpaaiieB^ o6oero 
00A&) ao Bcrfelrb RpaaMi Eapoau, npoaaRja tbrbm'b odpaaoii-b a 
Bi> HcBaaiio, aa QapaaeficRifi aoAyoGxpoB'B, RoTopbiii aa codop'fa 

IIMtAli TOHCe CBOflXl* npe4CTaBHTe AeB. — - EblTb MOBCerb TOAbRO, 

4T0 ycD'feAR paaaecTBCb 00 3aaa4aofi Eapoat CAyxa o cvepTB 
Fyca, RaRi> 30 hbr 1416 r 4pyrofi aeABRia GAaBaaaB'b, ero 

UblARIH B BtipBbiS ApyPli, iepOBBMl* npaHCCRlB^ 3a T-fc We MBliBifl, 

tI)M1) Bce co6opoM'b KoacTaaacRBMi* 6biA^ riparoaopea'b R-b tbroH 
Hce RasBB. CaMii o^ieBBAeui*, 4>peB, BCTopBR'b co6opa KoacTaaa- 
CRaro, 3aMiTBAi», ito aod-b lepoBHM'b B^aitAB BC'fc apacyTCTByio- 

1. Cm. coh. r. HoBHKOsa, crp. 106 ■ 107. Korda 6 In^fl b% aepKBH KoHCTaBii- 
ctfoii miTajB Fycy npHroBopi, to obi Beo^BORpaiBO npepuaaji* ero, rpaopa, <ito 
oBik fliBjcfl aa co^op-b am» onpaBAaaia caoero, noBrbpsBi BMaeparopy h ero oxpas- 
HoA rpiMOTt. CarflanyBAi* ROipacaliji, Kor4a iipa Brai'fc caoaaxi Tyerh ycraivawh aa 
aero cboh Bsopu. Bii aroMi* «»aKTt aeabaa coMaliBaTbca: o rowh roBopaTi Mjaje- 
ooBBHfc; ero aaa^i-b na-b ycToaro acTOHBHKa a BMoepaTopi* Rapj-b V, KOTOpuli, aa 
npe440a(eB9faiit eny aa HMnepciroM'b cettMt cob^tii — noBe.itTb caaaaTb Aiorepa, ae 
CMOTpa aa BBtpaTeJbHyio rpaaory, oratqaj'b TaaaMi ofipaaoa'b: (la ae zo«i7 RpacaiTb, 
niTb npe40irb moB CarHdMyaiii.*. Palacky. D. Ill, «. i. poznam. 304). 



334 B. B. JAMAUCRArO, 

uiie, ojHUii OHi> He xcaji'ki'L o ce6t». (Omnibus erat miseraodus, 
eo deaipto, qnod sui ipsius noluerit inisereri). — Do coxpaHeaBonj 
BaMi> ii3B%cTiio Ilo^xcio EpaRHiojBHB, aaaMeHHTaro HTa^BflBua, 
HoaKHo H'fccROJibRO B03CTaH0BBTb TO ooTpAcaiomee 4'i^fiCTBie, BO- 
Topoe npoudBej'b rorjia aa 3aDa4'fc BeauRifi conjoMeaHflRii aamb, 
ydiHc^aBioiJi b.,k. .iBTOBCRaro BaTOBTa apnanTb wkpy aauiBX'B 
Pyccrhxi> npejiRorb, noclsaiaBBiifl, R'b BejBKOMj Heyaono^bCTeiio 
RaTOJBHecRaro EIojMKaro AyxoseacTBa, B'b BBTe6cRt b HcROBi 
PyccRie xpalfE»I^ 

He Morjia ocraTbca fieaiiBBB^TBOio aa 38034% CMepTb BToparo 
BejiBRaro CwiaBBHCRaro MyneHBRa. 3a TisM'b bo3bbrjo e4BflCTBea- 
Hoe B'b BCToptH EBpoBM ABHxceaie HexoBi 9 ROTopoe ae yBiaqajocb 
oojiBbiMi* ycotxou b oTHacTB flo eja6ocTB cpe^cTB'b aponaraB4bi : 
«iy4Hoe B3o6piT6Bie FyTeadepra ABBJOCb stRou'B noaxce; xmacTB 
DO aoBOCTB B cM^jocTB a4eii, R'b ROTopuifb 4pyrie Hapo4^i eme 
ifa.J0 6biJB Tor4a uo4roTOB4eHbi , noqeniy HexB a ae Bcrp'frrBjB 

B'b HHX'B TOrO CO^yBCTaiB, ROTOpoe M0r40 6bl BX'b oo44epaKaTb. 

Kopojfb BanjaB-b IV BCRopt do cnepTit Tyca b I^poaaaia, aa- 
M-feTaj-b 04HaBC4bi afo^Buny CBoeHy 04Bor«ia8oiiy SKuMHib usb 
TpoujHoea^ 3a«i'feH'b oa'b see xo4BT'b TaRBM'b cyHpaRHbiMT^ b 3a4yv- 
qasbiifbT OTBt^ajii eMy HCaaRRa: aKaRoS ace Hex'b uosKeTb xla4- 
aoKpoBBO cMOTp'fcTb Ba TO, "iTo qy3Re3eimbi 6paaflTi», yaaacaiOTb 
a ocRop64»iOTb «apo4i» aainb. RaRb epeTBKOB'b, — coacaraiorb 
B'b 4a4eRBX'b Rpanx'b 64aropo4BiBDiflXi> Myacefi aaiBBX'b, cjIObho 
3404teBi> RdRBx-bD. Codflpajacb CTpamaaa rposa, Hapo4i> HeoicKii 
DOMbiDUflj-b o MtueabB, B B'b TO Bce BpeMfl roTOBBJCfl cbopyacieirb 
Bi* pyRaxii oTCTaHBaTb cbob y6'ikHC4eHifl. 

16 asrycra 1419 r. ywep'b Bau.iaa'b iV. CnrMaMya4'b vh to 
speiia opoHCBBawi'b B'b Yrpaxii, bi> By4BBi a BMicTo Toro, <iTo6bi 
TOTRacb Hce OTOpaBBTbCfl B'b Dpary, aaaaaHB^'b opaBBTevibBuuieH) 
ua4'b HexaMB B40BCTByK)uiyio Ropo jesy Go(f»iH) , npB4aB'b eii eo- 

6'bTHBROB'b B3'b U'kCKOdbKHX'b Dpe4aHBtfiniHXl> CMy BHaTHiHUlBXX 

4BopaB'b, a caM'b p'iiuiBJCfl o^paTBTbcn aa TypoK'b, ctoabuibxi 
Tor4a y rpanam* yropcRBx-b. 

HHHbi MeiocKJe, co6paBuiBCb do CMepTB BaujaBa, do.iohchjIHi 



1. Cm. Vh IIpBJioseHiflX'fc. 



O CJlABflUAX L Bl> MAJOii A31Ii, Bl> A<I»PBK1^ H R^ UCIIAIIUfl. 335 

HTO CBrH3iiyH4'b odflsaH'B 4aTb cBo6o4y B'fepoucnoB'MaHiii, Cjiobh 
B o6paAa apHsaiueHifl no4't> o6oriih BH4aMH: npocHTb y oaubi o 
CHATiii apoKJATiii H o paap'Jkmeuiu qaiDH, 3a6oTHTbca o tohi>, 
qjoou jima AyxoBUbifl He BJkaAbjm anyuiecTBaMB h 4i04bMH« no 
npaBaMi» €BtTCKBMi>y a «iTo6bi, RaRi* cj'l»4yeTii ao aaRouy BoHCbeMy, 
ao^yqa.iH ByacHoe Bxi-b co4ep»<aHie oT-h ^BU'b cbIiTCRbx^; qTo6bi 
aancKifl 6y j^m b rpaMOTbi oojiyqajB gboh) CBjy bii aeM.iti ue npe* 

HC4e,.<l'bM'b 0406pBTl> HX'b R0p04b CB CBOB»fl> COB'ibTOM'b; 4To6hl uH 

U'kipfi seii^t aaopeiueao 6bi4o Fyca h lepoHBMa uaabisaTb epeTB- 
RaMtf; «iTo6b] Bje npHUBiia.iB qyaKeaeameBx hb BXRaRifl 4ojhchoctb, 
HB Bi> 4yxoBBbia, HB Bi> cBi^TCRiay B o€o6eHHo, 4To6bi B'B ropo4axi» 
Hiiiiua He aaBBiiadiB BBRaRBXi^ 40wiacH0CTefi, ROTopbia hof^h 6bi 
6biTb aaaflTbi HexaBts; qTo6bi cy4bi b »c»jio6bi opoB3B04BjiRCb b'b 
HexiB ea aabiRt HemcRou'B, ^Tofiu Hexa noBCi04y bi> ropo4ax'b 

B BTb KOpOJeBGTBt HUbjB 6bl OepSblH FUJOCb. — CflrB3MyB41i Ha 
BCt aTH yCJOBlfl OTB'feqa^l) yRJOHHBBO. 

MeHC4y fhwh noBoe y^ieabe Bce r^iydace b r«iy6»ce pacopo* 
CTpaHfljoc-b B-B Hapo4'fc 4euicROMi>, ROTopbiH cfc aio6oBiio B pa40- 
cTiio (uyuiaji) cBOBitii DpoaoB'fe4HBROB'b. flHi> H^HSKRa B ero Be^ 
JHRIH 4pyn> (do cBB4'ikTejibCTBy camtxiy BparoBi> ero — vir magoi 
coDsilii et proyidcntiae), ri» Rpaiiueiiy Hec^iacTifo 4jiii Hexorb 
C4BmROMi> paHO noxBmeBBbiti cMepriio, MuRyjaiob BS-b FycB 
(t 1420 r«), oieBb xupoioo DouHMafl^ hto Heo6xo4BMo 6y4eTi> 
DpHgtruyTb Ki> opyaKiio b ne odMaBbiaaa ce6ii na cnerb ch^m 
npoTRBBHROBii, ptuiB^iicb o6y<iBTb Bapo4'B BoeBHOMy Abjiy. 3BaH 
oAHaRo HaapaBjeuie Maccb, Bii ROTopuxi* BsyneBie 6B6jiiB ace 
6ovibine pacnpocTpaHBJOCb S obb o6paTBJHCb npe4BapBTe.ibHo r'b 
yHMBepcHTCTy IIpaHceKOMy ci> BonpocoMi: anpujBHHO ^h Boopy- 
HceHHoio pyRoio sauiBUiaTh cBo6o.ty cjoaa Eoncbflro? Heaanperuj-b 

1. 3Beft CaihEiik pascKasuBaeTi*, hto >!> (3uTH0CTb ero bi* Ta6op'i^ nBH^HCb x% 
BCMy, KpOM:b CBunieBBfiKOB'B TadopcKHz-b, crscbulares et cives plurimi, lalinuin edocti 
sermoDem; nam peifidum genus illud hominum hoc solum boni babet, quod literas 
amau. A B'b^pyroii'b iri^rfc ooi* »e roBopnritiffPudeatltaliae 9acerdote8,quos ne semel 
quidem noTam legem constat legisse; apud Taboritas vix niulierculam invenias, quae 
de NoYo Testamento et Veteri respondere nesciati). Bi* Hexiu erne ao cuepTH Fyca 
HaoBca^a o^aa KeeuuiHa aa HeiucROM-b aauK^ aeCojbmoe paacyaueaie: Saumra Fy- 
CHTOB-b. 3totii jio6onuTauil naMarauK-k noHuat eme ae orucKaaii (PaL D. HI, d. 1. 
1K>znam. 286). 



336 B, H. JAMAHGRAPO, 

jH aroro CnacBTejby opaKaaaBoiifi cb. (lerpy B^oaKHTb ueHh wh 
Ho»cHbi». Oocji AOArH%% opeHiii r coBtuiasiH [JpaxccRBXi> yse- 

UblXl* 6orOCJOBOBl> , 4aH'fc 6bLAli TaKOM OTBtTl», BaaflCaBHblfi MH- 

CTpoBfb flRydKOMi* BBi CTp3KB6pa : ttR'b opy»ciio o6paiiiaTbCB 4oa^ 
Bo^ jieTCA TOJbRO Bi> cjy^at Rpa&Befi Beo6xo4BBiocTB, AJA cnaceHin 
HCB3UB« BO, apB6aBjiflJocb, Be xpBCTiaBCRoe Abdo — TKejiBTh pac- 
apocTpaBATb CJOBO Bo»cie cb BOMomiio opyHcia; BCTBBBbifi xpu- 
ctiaBBB'b no6'b7KAaeTb cBoero npoTBBBBRa xepo'tBieM'b , a o6pa- 
maerb ero .iio6oBiio b noy«ieBieMi>; bo bcj^b HcecTOKiH BeopiiiTeJk 

3aMblC^Bai» Obl UCROpeBBtb BCibxi B'fepBblX'b XpBCriaB-b ABRHIfb 

BacBJienii, B ecjB Be OTbiuieTca BBoro cpe4CTBa aaiUBTbi a caMO- 
coxpaBeuifl, to Be ToabRO uohcbo, bo b aoj^'mho 3aiiuimaTb Me- 
HeM'b Docj'fcaoBaTejefi BCTBaun. «3Kfl3KRa, — roBopBT-B Ila^iaaRiM, — 
npoTBB-b cBOBX'b BenpiaTejeS, cpe^BeB'fcROBbix'b 4»eoAajibBbix'b 
BoiicR'b, opBBbiHRbix'b R'b BOBB'fc B TaweaoMy BOopyaKeBifOv Morb 
npoTHBoaocTaBBTb T04bRo Topo^cRBX'b ofibiBBTejiefi B peuecjeuHB- 

KOBT>, T04BbI DOCejaB-b, ROTOpbie BC BM'klB UBHerO, RpOMt OpH- 

p4i4Boii CMJbi« Tejtrb b iiiBOBii, 6e3ape4'ikj[bB0fl ope4auBOCTii b 
OTBarB. Ho aroaiy aaodpiTa aoBufi caocofiti BOBBbi, SKsHcsa npa- 
RaabiBa^-b o6BBaTb atau aKejtaoiii, aaspbiaaTb xejira BBca^HMB 
Cb 06'feBX'b cTopoB'b 4ocBaMB, coejBBaTb BX-b Me»c4y co6oio at- 
naHB B ap]y4aTbca r^ BCRycBbiifb bxii aoBoporaifb. TaRairb 06- 
paaoMii BBB^BCb Tt D04BB»cBbifl RpinocTB (hradby wozowe), npu 
04B0Mi> BM^Ii ROTopbixi* cBabBo 6Hjiocb cep4ae y aaROBaaaaro bti 
cTa^b pbmapa, a ^yqniia BoScRa Eapoobi npe4aBajBCb 6ircTBy. 
He AyMaevii, 4To6bi Mowen 6biTb 6o4bniaa xpa6pGCTb a Ttjec- 
aaa cBjia bjh aaRoaeuii 04B0 04yuieBjieaie npoB3B04BJB TBRie 
ABBBbie noABHra: to 6bijiB aanaTRa aoaaro Boeaaaro acRyccTBa* 
npio6piTeBabie aaBbiROMi*, CTpofiabie pa4bi b iiaaeBpu, acRycao 
paautpeaiibia r 6biCTpbia nocTpoeaia, T04abie noBopoTu a Bcer^a 
BOBpeMB aoMaaoBeaiio B03K4fl acaojaeaabia 4BaHceBia, — 04nHMi> 
CJOBOMi> Bcb BpaaaaRB npasajbao ycrpoeaaaro BoacKa, BbicraB- 
jeauaro BpoTaBi> MaoroqacwieHatiiuiflX'b BoficK'bt apcRpacao bo- 
opysKeaabixT. BO 4ificTB0BaBmRX'b B'b6oio 6e3'be4auo4yaiiai 6e3% 
cRja4y a ja4y»^ 



1. Cm. vh npHJOKeaiH-fc, 



O CdlABflHAXX Rli MAJOii ASIH, Bl> A«I»PHK« H BTh HCnAHlH. 337 

CBrnsMyB^'b, aaafl pacnojOHceeie yMorb BiiHexan-b h nperoM-B 
BCTynaa aa npecTOJi» HemcRifi cb Tsep^biM'b HaM-bpeHieMii i]4tii 
Ha nepeRopii 3KejauiiiMi> uapo4a, CHHTaa HX'b cjnmROM'b epern- 
qecKHMiif — - CBrH3MyHA'B« 4aBU]i& Tycy oxpaHHyio rpaMory h ope- 
i^Bmiii ero coHCSKeaiio, p'jkmHacfl o6paTflTbCfl cb Dpocb6oio o do- 
Moma Ri» nan'b HapTBay Y, ROTopbifi no ero npocbdt a Bbuaj'b 
t Mapra 1420 r. 6yjjy aOmnium plasmatoris domiDi», bi> roto- 
pofi opaabiBa^-b Bce xpacriaacTBO rt* opysKiio aMR BCRopeHeui>i Bb- 
Rje^vBCTOBii, FycBTOBii B jpyrBXi epeTBROBT»». CarBdHyBii'b npo- 
cHJii TaRHce H^MeaRBX-b Raaaett nouoraTb euy apoTBB-b HexoB-b, 
4Jfl BCRopeaeaifl bi> ubxii 6oronpoTflBHofi epeca. BIspoflTHO, Hcewiaa 
aa A'hj'k 40Ra3aTb CBoe acRpeaaee 64aro«iecTie, a Moacerb npocTo 
Bii y40BjeTBopeH]e CBoax'b cep4eqBbix'b 4BB3KeBifi, B-b Epecjiaajii 
(r4t B^ TO Bpeufl npoacxo4Hai> cefiifb HiMenRiii b qpacyrcTBo- 
Bajo MHOHcecTBo apxienacRonoB'b, enacRonoBii, pa3Hbixi» Raaaefi 
HiaeaRBX'b djaacaaxii a 4ajbHax'b)« aaioepaTop'b Bbico^iaHme no- 
Beuij-b RaaaaTb 04Horo eperaRa: ero xcaaoro bojorjb jioiDa4bMB 
no yjiHaaMX, a noTOMi> coxcrja. To dbU'b 04bb% DpaaccRitt Rynen-b 
flfl-b Kpaca« ROTopbifi, 6y4yHB b^ Epec^aB^'fe , Raaii-TO piaRo ot- 
auBajCfl o codopi KoacTaHacROirb a aepaaa PanGRofi, a aacTan- 
eaj'b aa Heo6xo4aMOCTB o6pfl4a apaHameaifl D04'b o6oaMa bb- 

4aMB. 

IlancRafl 6jAJia 6bi.ia paaocjaaa no Bcefi Espon'fc: TaRBM'b 06- 
paaoM-b ae 6biJ0 aeiiwia aa 3ana4'l, r4t 6bi Tor4a aeaaaja HexoB-b. 
Hcoaaubi BCRop'b oaaaROMBjacb Cb bbmb ae no 04BBM'b cjy- 
lLaH^. B-b nepBOMi) RpecTOBoiii» noxo4t aa Hexoa^ —7- Rpon'fe mho- 
sKBCTBa 4pyrBX'b aaocTpaaiieB^, npaaaMajia yiacrie a ITcoaHiibi ^: 
act Ra4'bajiBCb, yaaaaii 6y^^y nancayio, caaTbiH'b a 6orojiio6e3- 
BbiMTi 4t4oii'b« — BCRopeaeHieu'b aeqecTBBbiX'b epeTaROBi>, — no- 

1. DajaqRitt roBoporb: oSaawed spiM>watel6 £eSti pfipominajf ne bez Jak^i 
chlaoby, zejm^na Uhry, Chorwiity, Dalmaty, Bolhary, Sikuly, Walacby, Chuny, Jaty, 
Rofliny, Rasy, Slowaky, Krajince, KoroUnoe, Styr&ky, Rakaiany, Bawory, Franky, 
Swiby, Swejcary, Fraocaasy, Aragonee 6ili Spaniely^ Anglieaoy, BrabaDtftk6, Hoi- 
laaddaoy, Westfaly, Saaiky, Durinky, FoitlandSan^, MiSenak6, Srby, Mardany, Sle- 
uky, PoAky, Morawany i konednd £echy cnewdni6» a t d. Joq z Italie i ze Skan- 
dinarie nikdo ae aejmeoaJe». Bnpoqesrb Bdrh flTajbaaaeirb, KpoM-b BtcROibicaz'fc ope- 
•laroBi, (5u JB npii CiiraaiiyBA'b 4aa BSalkCTBux'b BoarejA •— BpyHopiil 46 ja Cxa ja 
■a'b BepoRu b reoprill 46 Bajbnepra. (D. Ill, C. 1, str. 331—332). 

3"l. 8An. — cji, • 22 



338 B. H. JAMAHCRATO, 

jy<iBTb ce6'b npoiueuie rp'fexorb. — Bofitico KpecTOHocaesii 40x0- 
411 JO 40 100,000 qeJioBtR'b. ^pH4pHXi», MapKrpa«»'L BpaH4eH6ypr- 
ckIi), npueeaii 10,000, 06a MeiicceHCRBX-b HapKrpa<»a 40 30,000 
qeJOB'^K'b. Bi) bohcr1> npiicyTctBOBajB Kopojk, set R3rp<i»BpcTbi, 
RpoM'b CaRCOUcKaro, AjdpexT'b, repQori» ABcrpiHcRiB, rpa khii3)i 
EaBapcRMX'B, 4Ba MeticceBCRB\i> uapKipaM, djitl RHnaeS CB4e3- 
CKBX-b, Bcero Bja4'ibTejibBbix'b RBJiaeS 43 qe^oB-fcRa, RpoMi Toro 
AKBBjeBCKiii narpiapx-b, Be^BRoe MHoaiceCTBo eoBCRODOBx b ope- 
jaTOB'fc, BMnepcKflxi> rpa4»0Bi>, 4BopHiii> b pbiuapen co Bctx-b ae- 
Mejb. c<To 6bijo, roBopBTii flajiaaKiii, 04HO Bax MHoroRBCJeHHifi- 
fliBxnb B CB^bHtfiiuBXi* BoficRii , Ror4a ab66 co6BpaBimixcii Vh 
ECfejioiii* xpBCTiaflCTBi fla o6mifi doxo4'I>^. 30 iioflji 1420 r. 06- 
jLOTKBAn RpecTOHOcabi ripary, a 14 iiojii 6bijiB OROBqaTejbHo ot- 
6HTb]: BMneparopitBopo^ajcii cii RBfl3i»iiiiB bt» jarepb HOJ^a, Mpai- 
Hbiii B rflliBBbiH, a npa»aHe, ua caMOM^b u^CT'fc 6BTBbi aaBii ea 
Rojiiaa, ctbjIb rpoMKo ntrb Te6e Bora xBajBMi>; bca Opara ape- 
4aBa4acb BeBbipaanmoH pa40CTB. -— yaKe ae Kpn«iajiB leaepb, ro- 
BopBTb HemcRifi jiTeimceaii , RaR'b DpeHC4e, ili^Miibi: HusI Bus! 
Kacerl Kacer!, reoepb ohb e»e4BeBflOB noTBXoabRy paaMbimjiajB 
TOMX, RaRHb 6bi BH'b ocTaBBtb Mexiio B y6paTbca bo cBOflcn. 
Tlpara hb b^ qeMii Be By7K4ajiacb, Rponi cojb, a RpecToaocBbi bo 
BceMi» MyBCTBOBa^B BejiBRiS Be40cjaT0R'B : B'Bjarep'fe bxi>, rii io* 
Bepafeaiio 6']k4CTBifl^ ^aoBBBJOCb Mao^KeetBo paaabixt saciROMbiii 
B ra40B'b. CBrB3MyB4i>9 do cjiOBaMii coBpeMeaaoft HemcRofi pyKo- 
nucB, (cae Hce^afl BoesaTb ci> IIpasKaBaMB. Ba«ia4i» aoByio BoiiHy 
cb ra4aMB, »a6aMB b MbiinaMB^ cRopnioaauB b MyxaiMa; a ysR- 
AaB'b, <iTO B dToro aenpiflTejia ae 040J'fcTb eMy, aycrajca bti 6ir- 
CTB0i>. — CTapaaiBMB aaaTBbix'b MexoBi>, yM'^BiDBX'B co<ieTaTb cb 
Dpe4aBBocTbK) B jiio6oBbfo Ki) OTo^iecTBy apBBiiaaaaocTb ri» CRrB3- 
ifyB4y, oai> BCTyoBjii bi» neperoBopbi Cb Ilparoio, r4^ 28 wah 
1420 r. OBI B 6biJii» RopoaoBaa-b. 04aaR0 CBrB3Mya4'b, cMHiab* 
uiifi CBameaaoK) CBoeio o6aBaHaocTiio — acRopeaeaie yqeaifi, ko- 
TopbiM-b HexB 6biJiB orb Bcefi 4yiRB npe4aHbi, ae nor-b 40jro 
ocTaBBTbCfl B'hseuA'h HeaicRdfii: B'bt^eBpaa'fe 1421 r. oai> ^ncaji 
BS'B aefl, opoBOHcaeM^ifi Hap04aoio aeaaBBCTbio. B'b nflTaa4iiaTH- 
jibTHifi nepio4'b 40 1436 r., Ror4a cbobb 6biJii npaaiirb CHraa- 
iiyB4'b B'b ripary, — MexB, yopaajfleMbie pecay6«iRRaucRB, aeHja 



O G IABUHAXT* Wh VAJOft A3IH, Vh A^PBKIi B B*b BCDAHIH. 339 

Taxie Hy4Hbie opHMipu 4ep3Rofi OTBarn h ^BeprBqecRofi'QpeiiapiHM- 
MBBOCTH, HTO aacTaBH^B BCK) EBpooy rOBOpBTb o ce6'fe B 6oaTbC}l 
Hxi». He roBopa 6 Hey^taHBOMi bcxo^-^ AByx^h cji^yfomaxi* KpecTO- 
Bbix-b ooxo40B'ii aa 4exoBi>% aaaoMHflM'b to^iiiKO o coBepineHHonfb 
nopaweeiB orpouaaro BOBCKa KpecToaocneB'b, uoAif aaHa^bCTBOM'^ 
Kap4Baa4a nancKaro feapaxa Bejb<»opTa, eoBCKona BaaHecTep- 
cKaro, y CrpHcadpa, 4 aar. 1 427 r«, Kor4a RpecToaocubi bi> ^iBCji, 
<<iocTaTosaoM'b AAH nopadooieaia bccb Hexia, aocTbuao 6tHcaja, 
^o aaMa.ia 6BTBbi. Haapacabi 6b]jB act M0Jb6bi b yrpoabi Rap4a* 
naja, ROTopufi, cxBaTMBi) BMaepcRyio xopyrab, paaopsaji ee bIi 
cBJbaoM'b ra'feBt aepe4> RaaabaMB a Raayj-b ee Cb CTpamabiMB 
pyraTejibCTBaMB r-b aoraM-b bx-b; aaKoaeu'b, ae Hcejaa noaacTb b-b 
pyRB epeTBROB-b^ a oai* 4o«i3Keai» 6b]ji» aycTBTbca aa 04ao ci» 
BOMB b'b dircTBO. He aa6y4eifi» TaRace a CTpauiaaro aopaaceQifl 
RpecToaocaeBii nb4i> aa4adibCTBoii'b Rap4aaaja lO^iaaa apa ^o- 
MaHc^aaax-b, 1 5 aar. 1431 r. , Bor4a MaoroHBcaeaBoe boBcro aaii 
40,000 qeJQB. Roaaaabi a 90,000 ntxoTbi, 3aBa4iB'b TOjibRo apa* 
6jiBacaBmBxca HexoB'b ao4'b-aa«iadibCTBOM'b ae3a6Beaaaro.npoRoaa, 
aycTB^acb BikCauoe 6e3oopfl40<iaoe 6'brcTBo: aai» neTbipexi) Tbi- 
CHMb BoaoBi»H'6MeuRBXi> Bepay^ocb bo cboacb TOJibRo TpacTa, fitacaa- 
mie paabme 4pyraxi»; Hexaan* 40CTajBCb ai* 4o6b]qy bcI oyniRB, 
MBOHcecTBo Bopoxy, cbtcTBbix'b BpaaacoBii, 4eBerb, BcaRaro opy- 
Hcia, aaaMefl'b, 4paroDi'feBabix'B 04eHC4'bf 8o.iOTbixi» a cepe6pfl* 
Bbtx-b aeuiefi, caMaa 6yjja aaacRaa* Roiopaa aabiaaja ki> xpa- 
CTiaacTBy 4^a acTpe6jeaifl HexoBi>, 3040to& RpecTi* Rap4Baa4a, 
ero uiaaaa a Becb aapa4i» Rap4BBa4bCRiS. — He yuoaqaut a o 
Ttxi» aacTyaaTejbpbix'b 4'feficTBiax'b Hexorb aa tthuofiWh^ sto 
MaBB4B oaa cb 1427 r., to aa AacTpiio b CajeaiiOv to aa (abiat- 
maiofo) GaKcoaiio \ B-b aan. 1430 r.« Me3K4y FpaiiMoio a .AefiBUM- 
roirb coopawiocb 40 CTa Tb|Cfl<ib HiiMeiiRaro aottcRa ao4'b aaane- 
aaMB 4>pa4paxa, repuora CaKcoacRaro, loaaaa, uaparpa^a Bpaa- 



1. Hexu p-h 1429 r. opeiiapBBiua BAoaAeaie u CatscoaiiD ch Be4BKHHa CBMim: 
7 BBX'b 6buo 4,000 KOHBHuu, 40,000 otaoTiii a 2,5oO BoeBBUiii noBoaorb. aXoTB, 
roBopBTb IlajaQKift, obb MorjH 6u coBepmeBflo OEja4'bTb cTpaBOtt, ao Hexa ae no- 
Mumjflja o paciDBpeaia roe74apcTBa, a toji>bo o aaaeeejiiB ape^a Benpiarejio; aa- 
fUMBjeaie pejarioaaoe aa4ymB40 set vojaraqecKie D4aBu ; noTOHy rycBTu a ae 
xoTi4B 6paTb aa Hjws6mBik yBp'bD4eBBUi'b rop040B'b». (D. Ill, 6. 2, str. 104). 



340 B. H. JAMAHGKArO, 

4eu6yprcRaro , Bujibre^bMa, RHaaii BpayauiBefircKaro, 4>pBApH\;i, 
jaB4rpa4>a TypBurcRarOy apxienucRona Mar4e6yprcRaro h Afy- 
rax-B eDMCRoaoB-b, 4BopflHi> H ropo40^'b BMnepcRux'b. OrpaAb 
HiMiieBi» 6k>ui> pa36iiTi», bo&cro ax-b^ ue BCTynaa B-b 6BTBy, ynijo b^ 
•leSaaHr-b. Hexu we, pad^'baBBUiHCb Ha niiTb OTpfl^oB-b, cbo6o4Ho 
pa3'b'fc33KajB DO BCeny RpaiOH npoB3B04u^iu BTtueux onycTomeHia: 
a HtMbbi, no cjOBaMi> coBpesieHUHRa, ue cm'bjiB BbicryaiiTb bi> Doje 
apoTBB-bHexoB^. OHBo6paTBjHCbHaiorb orbi^eHnuHra Rl>^opo4y 
A.ibTeii6ypry, sa rbMi* ri» FepoBy^ ROTopbitj obb bsajb iiruoBeHuo. 
^pyrBMB 0Tpa4aMB HetncRBiiH aaarb dbM-b ropo4'b ILiaBHO, b do- 
oiiTO MUOHcecTBo TaMoiDHflxii H oRpecTHbixi* o6biBaTejei; HeMajo 

TaRHCe 6blJ0 B3itT0 B'B QJ'bB b. BcROp-fe OOCwlt TOrO DO BCefi BHDe- 

pin HiMeiiRoii CTa.iB yRpiojATb ropo4a, oco6eHHO bi» TypnuriH, 
B TOT^acb 6'hma.m HcnrejiB, RaRi* TOJbuo npadjiBHca^ocb bohcko 
HeiucRoe. Hepes-b ropo4'b ro(t»i», ROTopbiH coskfjib, A^Ji'be "iepe3i» 
Mioux6epn., BaapaBBjiflCb HexB 04bb Ba EaHpeiiTi), 4pyrie aa 
KydibH6ax'b b n4acceB6yprb. PasopflBi* Bafipefirb b KyJlbM6ax^, 
FycBTbi o6paTfl4B ^Boio rpo3y hb 3uieB6ax'b, ^yap6ax'B, Bea- 
niefl<i»ejb4'by Xo4b<»ejb4'bf BeficMeaaii, lUecjami a oRpecTBOcTu. 
BaM6eprubi, npa QpB6diB}KeBiB rycBT0BT>, TOjinaMa nycTBJiucb B-b 
6i>rcTB0, hpoRJBBafl KanaTyiiy a enacRODa aa to, hto ohm bu- 
Ror4a Be cor^amajBCb aa ax-b npe»cBia npocb6bi yRpioaTb ro- 
po4'B. EaM5eprb pa3opB4a Hexa euie yHcdcate, nivb to oomkbo- 

BBBBO 4*1^4848. Ho BCROp'fc n04QCDt4%, RBR^ aHre4'b-C0a€BTe4b 

H'bMDieB'b, Ryp4»BpcTi> EpaB4eB6yprcRiS /I'paipBX'b, KOTopuii 
BCTyoa4i> Bi> oeperoBopbi cb Hexaiia. Obb cor4acB4acb aaxjio- 
qaTb nepeaiBpie (oti> 6 ^eap. 40 25 ii04M 1430 r.) a BepayTbcn bo 
cBOBca, 3a HTO o6fl3a4BCb 3aD4aTBTb: Bamdepmbi a 4*opinreiiM- 
abi — 12,000 pefiMCR. ry4b4eB0B'B, Hfopeadepmbi — CTo.ibRo »«, 
Ryp<i»apcTl> 4>pa4pax'b — 9,000, rbasb BaBapcRtfi — 8,000 a 
4pyrie — Meaie 3fla«iBTe4bBb]B cyMMbi.<— 21 4»eBpa4fl I430r. 
BepBy4acb Hexa B'b Dpary. He coBcfamii 04BaR0 40B04eB'b GiAA-h 

Bap04'b TBROBblM'B OROBqaBieHl. C(TaRBXl> DpeRpaCHblXX DO- 

X040B1», — roBoparb cTapbiK a^TOQacem* 4emcRiii, — BBRorja 
eiiie Be Dpe4DpaBBMa4H Mexa aa HiHiieB-b, no RpaMaocTa 
TOftfb Be nacaao Bar4'b bi> 4tTonacflXii a BeasB'fccTBO cTapaRav^. 
Ec4H 6bi 04uaR0, no4Q6Bo cTapbiMii Hexaafb, uama ctob4u 3a 



/ 



OCJABflUAXl Bl) MAJO& A3IH, Bl> A(»PBK'B II B^ UCn\Blil. 341 



^ecTb OBOfu, TO MmAB 6bi 40 Pefiua m no4HiiBB.iH 6bi ced'fe MHoro 
aeiiedib: obb ace, Ba6paBuiH mbofo 4o6bi«iB a 4eHeri>, Bepayjacb 
B'b HexiiOD. 

Bbijo .10 cb qero, copomy y qBTaTejH, po4BfbCH bi* HcnaH- 
uax-b XV B. ^io6oDbiTCTBy oTHoCBTewibfloGAaBBBi>? Or^iero 6bM0 bmii 

Be DOJbaOBaTbCfl CUOUieHlflMB CBOBMB CO CjaBABaUB lOHCBblMB AAH 

BtKOToparo oBBaKOMjeuiH Cb coo jeMCBBBsaMB Bxii, Banp. 4exaMB? 
Hto Morjo MtmaTb raRHMii pacopocaM'b? O4B0 Bpeap-bBie ki* aa* 
meaiy OdieMena, bo ero ae DBTaji* B'b CiaBBBBBy Hcaaaeuii, KaRb 
Be naTaerb a Tcnepb. Orb oAHiAX'h H'feMiieB^ oai* acabiTUBaxb ero, 
HO B'b XV B. BAi'b 6biJo R.iHceTCfl OT^b CtAMnwh 86-40 Dpeaptaia, 
Doca'fc Toro, KaRi* CBBm^aabia Tiaa flaa Fyca a lepoaaiia Dpa»<- 
CRaro, CBOBMB CMtjbiMB Fojocaua a cBoeio npaBe4BOfo roh^bboio 
ooTpflcmax'b Becb Tor4amBiii HaToaa^ecRiS uipi*, oo4Hi]ja« 4e- 
xoB-b a BbiSBajB BeaadBeaHbixi* , 4oporaxi> Ra»c4oaiy CjiaBRaaay, 
AiaT^4ei , . B04o6Bbixi> }Ka»cKt| DpoRony BeJBROMy, lOpiio IIo- 
4t6pa4CROMy. Vi FepMaHia 6bi«io Tor4a, RanceTca, ae 40 npe- 
aptaia, vkwh 6o4te, <ito eme bi* XIV b. Kapjii* IV, repniaBCRii) 
BMoepaTopi a 4io6aMb]fi Ropo^b HeucRiS, aadpaBOiiS cBoeio pe- 
3H4ea[uefO Elpary, saRoaoMii nocTaaoBBji'b, qTo6bi RaH€4biB Ht- 
MeuKifi Ryp«»BpcTi> odyqa^i* CBoax'b cbiaoaeti no daBHBCRB. 

Daaa oTaycRaai* rpixa a co6Bpa4ii bo Bcfexi* RaTo^aqecRaxi* 
aeM^Bxi* 4eBe9Kahifl noacepTBOBaaia a BoficKa opoTaihb MexoBb, 
dTux'b aeHecTBBbix'b epexBROB'b, cTOflBBjaxb aa "lamy, T.e. aa opM- 
Mameaie bi> odoaxii Ba4axi>, aa Hapo4Bbiii. C^aBaacRia aabiR-b B'b 
6orocjy»ceaiB, ae apBaaaBaBmax-b rjaaeBCTBa nao'b a rpoMRO opo- 
TecTdBaBmax-b opoTBBi* oarydaaro PaMCRaro yneaia, do ROTopoMy 
uepROBb XpacToaa npe4CTaB.iBjacb rfejoMii, y ROToparo rjiaaa nana, 
a qjeabi Hap4aflawibi, — nporaBi* HexoB'b, ROTopbiMii Tor4a co- 
MyBCTBOBa4a, a cRoabRO Hor^a, a aoMora4a axii coojeMeHaaRa 
[lojaRB a Qpe4Ra aaioB PyccRie, abpt KOTopbixi> coHyBCTBOBaji> a 
o6pfl4bi ROTupbixi) o4o6pflj'b caui* BeaaRifl 46X1* lepoBaifb, 4pyrb 

B Cn04BB}KBBR'b FyCOBl). 

ano6i>4oio npa 4oMa3KJBaaxi», roBoparb DajauRifi, 4exa 40- 
CTnrja Bepuiaabi Bceuipaaro norymecTBa a 4'lkaTeJbBOCTa. Ha- 
Kor4a eme cy4b6a Mipa ae aaaackia B'b tbroU cTeaeua oti* 4i4'b 
MemcRBX-b, RaRi) B'b TO BpeMH, a iieo4o.4HMocTb np()6y3K4'eKiHaro 



342 



B. H. JAMAUCRAPO, 



Bapo^a^ HBKor4a eme Be npoaajAJucb bi» TaKaxi> •pieui^i 
6^ecTiimHxi» D04BHrax'b. Bet 4BtBa4uaTB4'fcTBiii yesmia EBpoobi 
apuBejB Rii TOMy TO^bKo^ HTO HexB ao4'b ROBem> CTBJH euie no- 
ryM'be n Beao6t4dM'be9 H'bwh 6bUH wh eaHawlt. ..iyquiie oojiko- 
B04Uhi CBoero BpeiMeBB 3aTepfl4B cBOio cjasy bi» Hexax'b; MHoro- 

"IBCJeHflblfl BOficRa* BblB04BBIblfl B^ BOJe C0e4HBeBBbiliB CTapaBlfl- 
MB fl yCBJlflMB BJaCTett CBtTCKOfi B 4yXOBBOil, 6oJI4BCb 4a3Ke 40- 

HC4aTbCfl FycBToBi* B BCTyoBTb ci> flHMfl Bi> 6oi. DorpoMaiiB opB 
GTpHCB6pt B ilovaHcaBuax'bv ao4o6flbixi» ROTopbiirb Be aaqoMBarb 
flCTopifl, yaaaji aecb cotrB, no oanpacBU B€flRie aoBbie noxo4bi 
Ba HexoB-b^D. 

ypo»ceHem> 4y6poBflBRa, flfl'b CtoHvoBBSb , 04HB'b an 4ia- 
TejbHi>&u]BX'L,sjeBOBx co6opa BaaejbCRaro, oRadaBinifi RaTO^B- 
necKOMy b BOo6iiie Tor4aii]Be]My Pbmcro - H'lkaieaROMy Mipy ycayra 
BejBKiB, cjyHCRBmid eaiy ch BeoduRBOBeHBOio BHeprieio, robb^ibo 
4oeToHBoio,T'fe]M'B 6ojie orb CjaBHBBBa, ropa840 jyqaiaro 4%Ja, — 
nepe4ajii> MemAj npo<iBMi> o4BB'b <^aKTh, pacRpuaaiomiA BCiocBjiy 
BneqaTiiBia, DpoB8Be4eBnaro aa co6op% Beae^bCRifi oepaaceaieai 
opB ^oiiasc jBuax-b : a 29 Aarycra oocj'b oo4y4aB« — roBopRTb 
OB'B, — Ror4a Dpe4CTaBaTe«ifl co6opa a rpaHC4afl'b couuacb y opo- 
D0B'64BBR0B'b (praedicatores), to ape4CTaBBTeaa rpastuaai cRaaajB, 
^TO nojyHeabi asBtcTifl TOM-b^ wto BoficRO OTcryoajo a3i> Hexia 
B'b Be^ABKOM'b aaaituiaTejbCTBt a cii orponaoio aoTepeio «ii04eM a 
BoaoB'b. yojuxaai) 06'b aTQM'B, bcI oTUbi 6bi.ia nopaxieBbi ysca- 
coMii B ray 60R0 3a4yHa jacb ; Tor4a eme CB4bB'fee BoapeaaoaaBi irb 
npeodpaaoBaaifo uepRaa, oaa aocalmao o6paTa4acb ri> aaajiTiaHi* 
no 4ijaMi> co6opaA. 

daefi Gr JbBifi xcrbo Dp64CTaBe4*b to 4fo6onbiTCTBO fl rfc Bne<iaT- 
jbaia Tor4amBBXi> Hcarejeii B odbiaarejeA Baae^iiy <ito apoBsaejil 
ua BBX% nparjauiefltibie Ba co6op'b, FycBTbi MemcRie, npa cBoeai 



1« oHavb no KpaftHocTH, — saMtHaen Ilajamdll, — ae narbcTBU Apjrie do- 
4o6Hue npairfepu dtrcraa TaRBX'k MaoroqHCjeHBbizi* cbji* ao aaiaja cpaaeaia. 
TOBi>, KaROtt OBB mjwh aa^'fejajB TorAa bi* ca-brb, cBHAtreJbCTByerb oabo mv^crie 
Bill coBpeiieQBott pyRonacB IlapBscKoil (tB6jioTeRH 0041^*4^1563, J. 19, rA'b cv mbo: 
«circa featam Assamptionis Mariae flt iHa faga in^opulo, de qoa per oniTersom ^rbem 
narratura; t. e. aoROJO Boaaeceaiji IIpecB. BoropoAamu npoaaoaii Jo to fitrcrao vh 
aapoAt, KOTopoH-fc roBoparb no aceaiy cBtTjr». (Pal. D. Ill, 6. 2. str. 157— li^ 



GJABflHAX'B Bl> aiAJK>a A3IH, BX A4»PIIK'B B B'b BCnAUlU. 343 

Bi»''fc3A'fc Bi»Ba3e4b, 4iiHB. 1433 r. BJe BbiSiacajo uor.ifl4kTbdTHxi> 
CTpamHiax'B epeTHROBi». H(eHuiiHHbi9 4'fcTH,-«-roBoparbOHb, — cuo* 
Tp'bia aa aax'b 031* okohi>, ci» RpoBeJb, yKasbisajB aa urxi^ aajb- 
uaiia, ^BBHJiBCb cTpaaaoMy bxii aapaAjy BX'b. rpo3Ub]Mi> jBuaM-b, 
cypoBOMjr BX'b BbipaMceaiio, Bcero (iojile ycrpeM^euo 6bi4o o6uiee 
BUflMaaie aa Dpoaooa; apaaoMaaaja, <ito aro totI) caubiB, ro- 
Topbifi CTo.ibRopa3i>pa36aBa4'b MaoroiBC4eBBi^flBoiicRa BipBbixi>, 
CTOdibRo M'J^cT'b paapyniB ji» a" 3aBoeBa4'b, cToabco Tbicflii* ji04eB 
Bory6aji>. 

Ha co6op'b BaaajbeROMi* npacyrcTBdBajo ae aawio HcnaHOieBT>; 
o4Ba'B B8'b aaxTi 40RTopi» loaaa-b naj[0M4pi>» apxB4bflR0H'b Bapce- 
jOBCRifi, ao aasaaHeuiiO oTuesib, ^hxxh 04aBM'b aaii ^inc^a «ieTbi- 
pexi* o<»aaia4babix'b oooaeaTOBii ryeBTOBi»; oaii ace dbij-b 04UHM'b 
aai» 4ecHTa nocaoB'b cpdopa BaaejbCRaro B% Hexaxi* bi> t433r.; 
4pyrofi HcDaaea-b loaaB'b4eGeroBia9BaBBeaBuiifi, RaRi» o<ieBB4en'b 
flCTopiio dToro co6opa (horam relator quia vidit et tunc scripsit, re-- 
fert Gopioaius ia mi|Uis), c«o6maeTi> BecirMa aaoro no4po6ubix'fc 
BSBdbcTifi o Hexaxii a noToay cjyacBT-b 04uhmi» as-b BaHca^feftmax-b 
BCTo*ia0ROB'b HemcRoii acropia Toro apeiieaa ^. 

B'B Xy B. HexB ae To^bRo repoficKa apmBiiiaja aeHeiiii cbob 
y6iaK4eaia, a Bepexo4aja b% uacTyajeaie, ao a cTapa4BCb cjo* 
Boarb ■ y6'6HC4eBieirb ao4tileTBOBaTb aa yraeTeaabia naccbi 3a- 
Ba4a , ROTopbia yace Ba4Baa4a