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Full text of "Ulster journal of archaeology"

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Devoted to the investigation 

ISTORV AND ANTIQUiTIESl 
OF THE PROVINCE. 
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ULSTER JOURNAL OF ARCHEOLOGY 
VOL. VI 



Ulster Journal 



OF 



Archeology 




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VOLU.MK VI 



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ULSTER JOURNAL 



OF 



Archaeology 



Vol. VI. 



JANUARY, 1900. 



No. I. 




Wetcv Biblioorapb^. 

By E. R. McC. niX, Duiii.iN. 

HEN the Linen Hall Library, Belfast, commenced, 
some years since, to publish lists of Helfast-printed 
books, under the editorship of John Anderson, they 
took a ste[) of great value and importance to students 
of Irish bibli()gra[)hy ; and all such must hope that 
they may \et be able to [)ublish a further corrected 
list and supplement to the last edition. John 
Anderson has rendered great service to Irish 
bibliography, and his labour has encouraged others to attempt, in a lesser 
degree, to follow in his steps. One may be sure, however, that such steps 
are but preliminary to more advanced work by the ardent students of our 
bibliography. 

I need here only refer to Dr. Francis Crossle of Newry, who ])ublislied his 
address on Newry printing a year or two ago, and who, I trust, will publish a 
further edition of his work in an enlarged and more useful form. 

For the South of Ireland, that indefatigable worker, James ("oleman of 
Southampton, has contributed articles and lists of books printed in the South- 
east of Ireland in the journal of the W'aterford Archa'ological Society, and 
a very valuable article on Limerick journals and magazines, and also a list of 
seventeenth-century Limerick books, in the lournal of the Limerick Field Club. 
J. lUickley has also defended the date of the earliest Waterforti printing, 
in an article in the journal of the Waterlord .Vrcha'ological Socii't\-. and 
contributed bibliographical notes to that iournal besides. 

by such coinmunications in iournals and magazines, Irom time to time, 
A 



2 UI.STKR BIRI.IOGRAPHY. 

interest may be aroused in wider circles, and fresh particulars of works printed 
in our provincial towns may be received from isolated book-lovers, who have 
no other means of communicating with the more active students of this 
very interesting and fascinating subject. With such excuse alone, and in the 
hope of awakening further active interest amongst Ulster bibliographers, 
I now venture, with the approval of the editor, to contribute a little to the 
subiect by giving some lists, so far as I am aware, of books ])rinted in a few 
of the Ulster towns during the eighteenth century, trusting that any reader 
who can add fresh items of printing in Ulster during that century will 
communicate them to this journal. 

Bibliography has been carried in England and on the continent to almost 
an exact science. Every branch of it printing, bookbinding, paper, water- 
marks, size, type, and every other detail of mechanical book composition 
has its special students and literature. Associations and magazines are 
devoted to these studies, and, on the continent especially, the second-hand book 
trade has flourished for years, and indeed does so in England also. We here 
are culpal)ly neglectful of our local treasures. Our libraries are deficient too 
often in local books ; but until more interest is awakened in the subject, one 
can hardly expect them to improve much in this respect. We are rapidly 
coming to the beginning of a new century, so that a study of our eighteenth- 
century books will become still more important, and in fact a matter of historical 
interest, even necessity. If wider interest were awakened in the subject, it is 
to be hoped that each library now in existence, or which may yet be formed in 
provincial towns, would make a special object of collecting books relating to 
the town, county, or province, in which that lit)rary may be situated or there 
printed, and endeavour to acquire all such works. A list of the books 
{)uhlished in any particular place for a lengthened period gives a view of the 
social position and literary attainments of that place, and may even afford 
valuable historical information of the place at that time. 

I pro;)ose in the first instance to subjoin a list of such books, etc.. as, in 
my search for others, I have found to have been printed and published in the 
town of Strabane. They are very few in number, and one is uncertain, but 
I hope it yet may draw from some of the readers of this journal, more familiar 
with the subject, other items to add to the list, as well as, possibly, particulars 
of the printers and also of the newspapers there published and other useful 
information. 

The other cities and towns to which I propose to refer in succeeding notes 
are .Armagh, Derry, Dungannon, Hillsborough, and Monaghan. It is, I think, 
desirable in any list of such books to indicate the different places in which 
such books (jr pamphlets can be found, and this I have done. The author's 
name follows the title. The- i)rinter's name is given in italics, and the place of 
reference in curved brackets. 



ULSTER RIRLIOGRAPHV. 3 

BOOKS AND PAMPHLETS PRINTED IN STRABANE 
IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. 

1779. The Connection between Courage and Moral Virtues Considered in a 
Sermon preached l)efore the Volunteer Co^- of Strabane Rangers 
on Sunday the Twelfth of September 1779 and Published at their 
Desire. The Rev. William Crawford, a.m. James Blyth. [Price 
6d. h.]. Two preliminary leaves and 26 pages, folding in twos or 
foliowise. (Royal Irish Academy; Halliday Pamphlets.) 

1783. History of Ireland. Rev. Wni. Crawford. 2 vols. 8vo. John Belkw. 

(Trinity ('ollege, Dublin 2 copies; 
National Library, Dublin ; 
Linen Hall Library, Belfast; 
Royal Irish Academy.) 

[1785. Osterwald's Compendium of Christian Theology by McMains. 

N.B. This title is taken from an old but imperfect catalogue 
without any date, place, printer, etc., so I only give it for what it is 
worth. I have been unable to check it. McMains may be an 
error for McManus.] 

1785. The Battle of Aughrim : or, The Fall of Monsieu St. Ruth. 
(A Tragedy in verse.) Robert Ashton. 

{Vide recent Catalogue of Sir Chas. (kivan 
I)uff\'s C_Airios.) 

I 7S7. Ireland I'reserved, a Tragi-Coniedy. 8vo. 

{Vide MS. Catalogue of Sir J. T. (Gilbert's 
Private Library.) 

1787 8. Collectanea Sacra, or Pious Miscellany in \'erse and Prose. The 
Most Rev. Anthony C()\le, liishop of Raphoe. 2 vols. 8vo 
(P)rilish Museum.) 

178S. Sermons. William Taggurt, m.a. Svo. John Belleiv. 

I vol., consisting of title leaf, 16 preliminary leaves, and 26S 
numbered pages. 

(Royal Irish Academy: Halliday Pamphlets 

and llalliday i^ooks 2 co{)ies. 
Magee College Library, Derry.) 



Dutiluce Cburcb, Co, Hntrtm. 




Bv FRANCIS J0SP:PII BKJGER and WILLIAM J. FENNELL. 

c LOSE beside the famous ruins of Dunluce Castle, to 

the south, stand the remnants of the ancient church 

of the same name, which, no doubt, formed the 

chapel of the castle when that imposing structure 

5 was occupied by the MacDonnell family, and these 

ruins doubtless succeeded an earlier structure, when 

I ^nnT) n^^^*^ ^ n n i Runluce fdun-/is), as its name indicates, was a great 

earthwork, devoid of all the architecture which now 

renders it such an attractive feature of the landscape. 

The site is divided from the military outworks of the castle by the modern 
county roads, and the church stands duly orientated in the graveyard which 
tradition says contains the remains of many a young Spaniard who perished 
in the ill-fated ships of the Armada, which were wrecked within a few hundred 
yards of it, in their attempt to escape homeward round the north-west of 
Ireland : but of these no memorial exists. (See vol. ii., page xoo.) 

Bishop Reeves records that Dunluce Church was, in 1609, annexed to the 
corps of the Precentorship of Connor, under the name of" Ecclesia de Sancto 
Cuthberto Dunlups." Shortly after this it is reported to have been in ruins, 
and suffered severely in the wars of 1641. 




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The present church, which does not date before the seventeenth century, 
is long, narrow, and rectangular of a type very general in the county. The 
north wall is of solid masonry, unbroken by windows or buttresses. 
The lighting was chiefly effected through the south wall, and by an east 



DUNLUCE CHURCH, CO. ANTRIM. 5 

window ; but of these, all the external dressings have long since disappeared, 
and their character is now purely conjectural. 




)ooY>- 



The doorway, which we ilkistrate, is in tlie south wall ; and, from the 
nature of its dressings, seems to have been lintelled. 






"I'T^'ti.&i^'^. 







riu" west porch is a modern addition, and possesses no dalure oi interest. 
'1 "hr door Ifading from it to the church is possibly the outcome of the porch 
addition, and onrc gloried in a wooden Hntt'l. Tlie west gable bears an 
oil set. internally at the level of the plate, as though it were ceiled at that 
level, although this is scarcely possible. Above the oil set, and to one side, is 
the onlv well [)reser\ed window in tlie building, which is tanh jambed and 
lintelled, and moulded with a chamfer and sccjtia on the exterior arris, mitring 
on the s[)lay of the sill. It will be seen Irom the set tion that successive ages 



6 OI.I) SKSSUIN HOOKS OI' CARNMONKV, CO. ANTRIM. 

of burials have raised the surface of tlie ground at some points to nearly half 
the height of the wall. 




'llie Kev. (leorge Hill, in his Mac Donnells of Antrim, satisfactorily proves 
the existence of a considerable town at Dunluce, with traders and markets, 
cjuoting some inscriptions in the graveyard as evidence of this. 



lb Session %Q)0\\q of (rarnmoncv\ Co. Bntrim. 

]5v WILLIAM FEE McKINXEV. 

p- f>o^y&^^ " ^^f ^-'^-is^'^^^ H \\V. Records of Carnmoney I'resbyterian Congregation 
are contained in four old session books, tlating from 
!| 1686 till 1821. They are of different sizes, and the 
iF) three oldest seem to have been used at the same 
M time. They were evidently obtained at hrst for 
different purposes, although latterly all of them were 
.j|) used for entering the dates on which baptisms and 
marriages were celebrated : while another part of the 
book is occupied with an account of what was done at the weekly meetings of 
session, and with the names of those who were present at them. There had 
evidently been an older book, as it is recorded in the minute book which 
Cfjinmences with 12 .-Vpril, 1686, that "all Session business is inserted in an 
(j1(1 Session l^^ook u[) to the above date."' The book here alluded to has been 
lost. It would probably contain a record of the ministry of James Shaw, who 
was ordained in May, 1 (157, depcjsed by IJishop Jeremy laylor in 1661, and 




y|V<..&^c<^ix 



OLD SESSION ROOKS OF CARNMONEY, CO. ANTRIM. ^ 

died in December, 1672; and of his son, Patrick Shaw, who was ordained 
12 November, 1673, and died in 1683. 

Book No. I (1686 until 1758), which is 13 inches long and 6 broad, is 
bound in calf, and contains about 170 pages: 63 with minutes of session, 
6 with dates of 280 marriages, and 35 with records of 1,899 baptisms, including 
24 cases where twins were presented. 

The first meeting of session recorded was held on 1 2 April, 1 686, when 
the minister, John Monro, and twelve elders were present, whose names are 
given; four were absent. The following are the names as they appear; those 
marked with (*) are still represented by name in the parish : Present Mr. 
John Monro, George Russell,* Patrick McBurny,* Alex' Mackewin, (George 
Gibson,* James Wyly,* David Ferguson,* John Wynott, Thomas Gibson,* 
George Macilroy, William Starrat, John Cuy,* John Campbell.* Absent 
David M'Burny,* Samuel Reid, Matthew Shearer,* William Ninan, Clerk. 
At this meeting it is recorded that " The Session considering that after their 
long desolation it hath pleased the Lord in his mercy to grant them again a 
gospel minister settled amongst them, they do ordain all the elders to make 
diligent en(juiry in their several quarters." Here follows the duties that the 
elders are expected to perform, also the district or townland over which they 
are required to have the oversight of all the families residing therein. Only five 
meetings are recorded of those taking place in Monro's ministry. Twenty 
are recorded during the ministry of George I-ang, dating from July, 1689, 
until June, 1692. 

The next important record is about the ordination of Andrew Crawford 
on the 3rd of March, 1696. An account of the first communion during his 
ministry is also given, with the names of the ministers who assisted, and the 
elders who attended. One of the elders, named George Gibson, was 105 years 
old. It is also recorded " We had eight tables, there were nigh to 600 
communicants ; there were 700 new tokens bought for the occasion, the old 
being lost in time of the troubles." 

Book Xo. 2 (170S until i 726) is 16 inches long, 6 1- inches broad, is bound 
in calf, with ornamental stamped pattern. It contains 54 pages of minutes, 
beautifully written, with index on the margin of each leaf There are four 
[tages with 1S2 marriages, and 17 pages on which 1,148 ba[)tisnis are recordetl. 
There are also nine l)ages occuj)ied with the names t)f [lersons leaviiig the 
congregation who had received testimonials to certify that they were members. 
'I'here are also six pages occupied with the names of i)ersons who brought 
testimonials from other congregations. Scwral of the original testimonials 
are still ])reserve(l in the old book, with the names of the nnnislers and session 
clerks who signed them. ( )iie ol ttie elders at j)resenl in the eotigregalion is 
descended from a man who brought his ceitilicate of church membership trom 
Whithorn, in Scotland, to ('arnmoney in 1717 : while two others arc 



8 OLD SESSION BOOKS OF CARNMONEY, CO. ANTRIM. 

descendants of Andrew Crawford, who was ordained in 1696. As an example 
of the information that can be obtained from these old books the following 
may be of interest : A man named Thomas A. Creigh, of Omaha, Nebraska, 
whose grandfather emigrated to America about the year 1774, having heard 



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KAC-SIMII.E I'AI.R Ol' IHE OI.I) SESSION liOOK OI' C'A K \,MON F.V, 1697. 



that he was a native of (^arnmoney, wrote for information on the subject, 
when it was discovered that John Creigli and his wife brought testimonials 
from Livingston of Templepatrick in 1710; after which five of his children 
were baptized iti Carnmoney, and he was ordained a ruling elder on 21 May, 
I 7 18. His son Thomas was married in 1740, and nine of his children were 
afterwards baptized. John, his eldest son, who was born in August, 1741, was 



OLD SESSION BOOKS OF CARNMONEY, CO. ANTRIM. 



the young man who emigrated in 1774.' He fought through the war of 
Independence in the States, and I have before me his first letter, written after 
the war, to his mother, who held the farm on which the old Whiteabbey is 
situated. The letter is dated 27 September, 1783, and in it he writes : " I did 
not get a letter from you for the space of eight years before ; our enemies 
even refused us the privilege to send or receive letters from our friends." 
There were 20 ruling elders in the Carnmoney congregation in the year 1708; 
in 1714 there were 19 living, but two of them died before 17 18, when four 
more were ordained. The names of the ciders are said to be set down 
alphabetically, but it is according to their Christian names, Alexander being 
first, Andrew and George next, then four Jameses, and eleven Johns, one 
Samuel, one Thomas, and two Williams at the foot of the list. It was agreed 
that each elder would go to the Synod according to the above alphabetical 
arrangement. 

The congregation was divided into 19 
districts, and the name of the townlaiid 
or half townland that each elder had 
charge of, was entered in the column 
opposite his name. 

Book No 3 (17 16 until 1784), which 
is 13 inches long by 83<{ in breadth, is 
bound in boards. It seems to have been 
purchased for the purpose of keeping an 
account of how the poors' money was 
distributed twice each year. In 17 16 
there were 24 poor on the list, and in 
1784 there were 52, when five guitieas 
were distributed in small sums, varying 
from i/[ to 4 '4. The lists of poor pri- 
sons occu[)y sixty pages. At the com- 
mencement of the second lohn Thomson's 
ministry in 1767 this book was used as a 
minute book for the session, and also as 
a register for marriages and baptisms, until 
the year 1784. 70 j)ages are occupictl 
with records of session, 6 with tlie datrs 
of 134 marriages, and 30 witli the records 
ot the ba[)tisms of 1,026 chiUlri'ii, 

This hook contains an aci'ouiit ot ;'' 
the origin of the jjoor^.' inonc\ th.U 

1 lllis w.ls ;ct thr tillH- nf ll,, -,r,a .1-1.. -M^l ,UiM:)'-! riAnliu 




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OI.I) SKSSION HOOKS OF CARNMONEY, CO. ANTRIM. 



belongs to the congregation. By an item in the will of John Shaw* of 
Ballyganway, Donaghadee, ("o. Down, dated 21 February, 17 14, the sum of 

;^ioo sterling is bequeathed towards 
keeping in repair the roof of the 
meeting-house of the parish of 
Carnnioney ; and in another item it 
is written " I leave and bequeath 
the poor of said parish of Cam- 
money the sum of ^100 sterling, 
to be paid by my Ii^xecutors to the 
said poor, as the Reverend Andrew 
Crawford, minister of said parish, 
shall direct; and lastly, I do appoint 
my trusty friends, Henry Chads" of 
Belfast, merchant, and David Mor- 
rison, my steward. Executors of this 
my last will and testament." John 
Shaw also gave the communion 
cups to the congregation, which 
are still in use. This ^, 100 was lent 
to Clotworthy Upton, ancestor of the 
present Lord Templeton (who was a 
COMMUNION CUP. ruliug elder in the neighbouring 

"The am of Mr John Shaw of Ganway to the cOUgrCgation of Tcmplcpatrick), On 

Meeting-house of Carniony, March 21, 1714. a c^ 11 /' 

(One of a set of twelve.) 2 2 March, 1715, bearing interest at 

six per centum per annum, to 
be paid half-yearly. This 
money was returned to the 
trustees of the congregation in 
May, 1753. The interest was 
paid by a family named 
M'Cord, who had a farm in 
Ballypalentine from Colonel 
Upton, and they paid the 
interest by his order. 

Book No. 4 (1786 until 
182 I ) is smaller than the others, 
being only 8 inches long and 
6j4 in breadth, but it contains 
over 230 pages, and is almost 





ANOI'HEK l-OKIKAll' OK JOHN THOMSON. 
Iniilt into the porch of the present meeting-house. See Meinori.ih of 



1 This benefactor's arms are 
the Dtctd, voh iv., page 28b. El 

i This was, duuhtlcs, the Henry Ch.-iiis who huiU the Long Hri.ige of lielfa-t in i';y6. Ku. 



OLD SESSION BOOKS OF CARNMONEY, CO. ANTRIM. II 

all occupied with minutes of session dating from January, 1786, until 
September, 182 1. No baptisms or marriages are recorded in it, and the 
greater part of it seems to have been written by John Thomson himself, who 
was minister of the congregation for sixty-one years. In this book, there is 
a record of where the Synod of Ulster met from 1767 till 1804. During 
these thirty-eight years twenty meetings were held in Lurgan, seven in 
Dungannon, three in Cookstown, two each in Antrim, Armagh, Magherafelt, 
and Belfast, and one in Derry. 

The following is a com[)lete list of the ministers of the congregation, all ot 
whom were ordained for the charge : 

James Sliaw, orcUiiiicd May, 1657: (k'[)i)se(l in 1661 : died in DecemtxT, 1672. 

I'atrick Shaw, ordained November 12, 1673; died in 1685. He was son to James Shaw. 

John Munro, accepted call in i68tj; returned to Scotland in 16S9. 

George Lang, preached from January, 1690; returned to Newry in May, 1692. 

Andrew Crawford, ordained .March 3, 1696 : died |une 7, 1726. 

John Th(jmson, ordained July 14^ 1731 ; died March iS, 1764. 

John Thomson, ordained March 10. 1767: died March 23. 1S2S (nei)hew to predecessor). 

William Craig, ordained l-'ehruary 2, 1S19: removed to Dromara in December, 1^23. 

|ohn Dill, ordained May 10, 1S25 ; died l-'eiiruary 19, 1S41. 

David Wilson, ordained laiuiar)- 31, 1S44 : removed to Limerick in Dec. same _\'e;ir. 

Joseph Barkley, ordained .May 2S, 1845; died November 17, l.'^:^0. 

Hugh Walerworth, onlained |uly 29, 1 880 ([)resent minister). 




IThc (Tolvill jfamil^. 



( Covtiniicd pom vol. v., page 210.) 

In his articles on the Covill 
family, John M. Dickson 
has omitted some inter- 
esting points which throw 
more light on its history : 
first, the funeral entries in 
Ulster's Office; next, he 
omits any direct reference 
to the family blazon, as 
shown by the rubbings and 
inscriptions on the tomb- 
stones still extant at New- 
townards ; and lastly, he 
has made no reference to a 
cadet branch of the family, 
which still flourishes in 
Dublin county. 

I. The funeral entries 
in Ulster's Otiice, Dublin 
Castle, are four in number 
~(i) that of Hill Colvill, 
by the death of his elder 
brother f'rancis, son and heir of the Right Honourable Sir Robert Colvill, 
and grandson of Dr. Alexander Colvill of (ialgorm, Co. Antrim, and Newtown- 
ards, Co. Down: (2) that of Ann, Lady Eustace, eldest daughter of Sir Robert 
C'olvill, and wife of Sir Maurice Eustace of Harristown, Co. Kildare, Knt. ; 

(3) that of the mother of the before-mentioned Hill and Ann namely. Sir 
Robert's fust wife, " Penlope,'' daughter of Francis Hill of Hill Hall, county 
of Down, by Ann, daughter of Francis Stafford, of the county of Antrim; 

(4) that of James, second Lord Colvill of Culross. 

Im'nkrai. Enikies, Vol. XIV., 261. 
Hill Colvill, Ksq. , was eldest sonne (by the death of l-'rancis Colvill, his eldest 
brother, without issue), (jf .S' Robert Cohill, of Xewtone, in the Count)- of Downe, Kn' 
who was son of Alexander Cohill, Doctor ol Divinity, uliicli said .S'' Robert was lirst married 
to Penlo])e, daur of l'"rancis llill, and of Ann daur of Francis .Stafforti, by whonie he hail 
iue the s'' h'rancis his eldest sonn, who was married to Dorolh)' daur of S' John Temple 
K' his Matier Sollicitor C.en" by whom he had no issue, and llie s'' Hill his second sonn, 
wlio on the 17 day of Marcli, 1685, married the Latly llatton, daur of the R' Hon'''^' Donogh 
-MaCarty, late Earl of Clancarty, and of the Lady Elizabeth his uife, da'' of the R' Hon 




AI.KXAXDKR ('OI.\-II.T., D.I)., OF OAI.CORM. 

/)-,.; ,;;; Or:i;i,:,!/ Portrait al iui/jro) m Castle. 

(.Set- vol. v., p. 139.) 



THE COLVILL FAMILY. 1 3 

Geo FitzGerrald late Earle of Kildare. The s'^ S' Robert had likewise by his first wife two 
da"' viz'- Ann y*^ eldest, married to S' Maurice Eustace of Harristoun, Kn' by whome she had 
issue, fivedau"' viz., Ann, Penlope, Rose, Mary and Margarett, and Martha his second daur 
now unmarried. The s'^ S'' Rob' took to his 2'"' wife, Ilonora da" ofThady O'Hara of Creig- 
l)i]ly, in Com Antrim, Esq, by whome he had noe issue, he took to his third wife Rose 
eldest da^ of Will Lesly, of Pros]iect in Com Antrim, Escj-^.. who was third son of Henry late 
Lord Pishop of Meath by whome he had issue, Hugh, William and Rose all young. The 
first menccioned Hill, departed this mortal! life at Dublin on Munday, the 31'-' day of May, 
1686, and was interred in S'- Bride's Church, on y^ North Side opposite to the pulpitt on 
y'= Thursday following, being the 3'''' day of June. 

The Truth of the premises is testified by y"' .Subscri|ilii)n of y^ afores'' S'' Rob' ("olvill, 
Kn'- father of the defunct, who hath returned this Certificate, to be recorded in y'" Office of 
S"' Rich'' Carney K'-- Ulster King of Armes of all Ireland this 20 day of June, .Anno I)"' 
1686. Ro Colvill. 

FuNERAi. Kntkiks, XHI., 107. 
The Lady Ann Eusiace daughter of S'' 
Robert Colvill K' departed this 

Mortall Life the twenty sixth of August 
and was intered the 29 of the 

same month in the church of Cot lands 
Towne in the County of Kildare, 16S5. 
She was married to S'' Maurice I-Aisiacc K. 
by whome she had issue - one 

son deceased and fiNc (laughters now 

liveing viz' Ann Penelop Rose 

Mary and Margaret. The truth of the ])rcniises 
is certified by the 

Subscription of the aforesaid S"" Maurice 

Eustace Husband to the <lefuncl, who liath 
returned this Certificate to i)e registered in the 
Office of S' Richard Carney K' Clster King of Armes 
taken by iiie, Richard Carney 

Alhlone, this 29"' day of August, 

to be there recorded. Anno I )oni 



16S5. 



FUNKKAl. KnIRIKS, II., S. 

COLVILL-IIILL. 

Mrs. Colville drparte.i 

this Mortall life the 15"' 
of October and was l)iir\ed 
the iS"' of ihi- -anie inontli 
in .S> i)ri(K''s Church, 
in Dublin. if)72. 

FfNKKAi l-AikiK-, W'L, 23. 

April the I'i if'S'''- 

Lord Colvill <lcpaitrd ihi- mortall 
life the twelle 

of .-Xprill and w.is buried the 10 of 
the --anu- month \\\']\ scnti-ioii- and 
ln-tion carried bclorc linu to ilu- ('olcdg, 
where he wa- liurud. /\nno id^o. 



14 THE COI.VII.L FAMILY. 

2. Dr. Alexander Colvill's seal bears the blazon shown on the tombstones 
extant at Newtownards ; namely, those still borne by Lord Colvill of Culross 
Colvill quartering Lindsay. These arms, with different tinctures in the 
Lindsay coat, were, in 1670, confirmed to Sir Robert Colvill l)y Sir Richard 
St. George, then Ulster. They are as follow : ()uarterly, i and 4 argent, a 
cross formee gules; 2 and 3 sable, a fesse chequey, or and vert (Lindsay 
arms being gules, a fesse checjuey, or and az.) ; crest, a hind's heatl couped, 
argent, charged, with a cross formee, sable. It is plain, from this change of 
tincture in the Lindsay coat, that Sir Richard St. George could not confirm 
to Sir Robert that blazon. He, however, went as near to doing so as he 
could, officially, grant. I may add that Sir Robert Colvill married a fourth 
wife; namely, Olivie, daughter of Sir Oliver St. George, Bart. By this lady he 
had no issue. She married, after Sir Robert's death, Pierce, fourth Viscount 
Ikerrin, who died in 17 10. She married a third husband (in 1719), William 
Wroth of Epsom, Surrey, m.d. The Right Honourable Sir Robert Colvill, 
Knt., died 12 June, 1697. His third wife, "Lady Rose Colvill," or, more 
correctly. Rose, Lady Colvill, was eldest daughter of William Leslie of 
Prospect, Co. Antrim, third son of Dr. Henry Leslie, Bishop of Meath. 
The same blazon appears on her tombstone as on that of her husband. She 
had issue by him, Hugh, William, and Rose all young in i6S5. 

This last-named Hugh was MP. for Antrim county, 19 July, 1697, 
He was born in 1676; and died, aged 25, 7 February, 1701; having 
married Sarah, daughter of James, eldest son of Dr. James Margetson, 
Archbishop of Armagh. Her mother was the Honourable Alice Caulfeild, 
daughter of \Villiam, second Viscount Charlemont, and Ann, daughter of the 
Archbishop. She married, secondly, the second Viscount Duncannon, 
created Earl of Bessboro'. 

Hugh Colvill left issue a son, Robert, M.P. for the borough of Killybegs 
in I 7 19, and for that of Antrim 1727-49. He, towards the close of his life, 
resided in London. Dying there on 30 ALirch, 1749, he was interred in 
(jrosvenor Chapel, South Audley Street. Robert Colvill married, but 
died s.p. 

Alice Colvill, daughter of Hugh and Sarah Margetson, married in 1723 
Stephen Moore, m.p. ; created 14 July Baron Ivilworlh, and in 1766 
advanced to the viscounty of Mount Cashell. She inherited her brother's 
estates, in the counties of Antrim and Down, as his heiress, and her lineal 
descendant is the present l^arl of Mount Cashell. 

Drawings by Du Noyer of the Newtownards tombstones remain in the 
library of the Royal L'ish Academy, Dawson Street, so lately as 1883. 
The escutcheon of Pretence on Hugh Colvill's bore the Margetson arms. 

I now come to my third point. There is a family in the County J)ublin, 
descended from Captain James Colvill, who was probably brother to Dr. 



THE COLVILL FAMILY. 1 5 

Alexander Colvill. This James was a soldier, who served in the T>ow 
Countries early in the seventeenth century ; he was probably father of James 
and Robert Colvill; and from Robert the family of Coolock derives its 
descent. This Robert appears as a "forty-nine" officer; he received on the 
Restoration ^823 arrears of pay. He lived at Newtownards in Sir Robert's 
service, and was there in 1685, as appears from a lease of that year. In 1704 
a portion of the Castle of Newtownards was blown up to save the church on 
the occasion of its being on fire. Captain Colvill's great age, doubtless, 
prevented his escape, and he was killed in the chapel brae by a stone hurled 
from the castle He was interred at Movilla churchyard, where a stone, 
raised to his memory, recorded his relationship to Sir Robert Colvill, and 
that he was in his service. This Robert had a son named William, who 
married Elizabeth Browne of the Co. Clare, living at Newtownards, in 16S3, 
and died about 1690, leaving issue two sons, William and Hugh, and 
a daughter. 

His eldest son, \Villiam, was agent and manager to Robert Colvill of 
Newtown. He married (late in life) Jane Thompson of IMackally. and died 
intestate in 1755. His widow survived him, and died i May, 1784. aged 85. 
His children were Rot:)ert, born 27 May, 1734, at Newtownards: Margaret, 
8 September, 1735, at Newtownards; William, 6 December, 1737, at New- 
townards ; and two others, who died s.p. 

Robert, the eldest son, served in India; he died 2 June, 1789, having 
married twice; by his second wife, Sarah Lennox, he had three sons. The 
two younger (twins) died s.p., having also served in the army. 

^Villiam, his eldest son, was born 1773. He married i'Llizabeth Farren, 
and had one son and (Mie daughter, and died in iSi 7. having sold his property 
in Newtownards in 1809 to Lord Londonderry. This included a [lonion of 
the town of Newtownards, a denomination called " Major P>uchanan"s 
freehold," and the townlands of liowtown and lialh rea. He held this, as 
" middleman," in perpetuity. 

Robert William, his only son, P)rcvrt Major 97th Regiment, died s.p. at 
Scutari, having acted as A. I).C. to ("icneral I.ockyer during the ("rimean 
campaign. 

We now return to William Colvill, second son of William of Newtownards ; 
born (i 1 )r('einl)er, 1737. lie was a merchant in l)ul)lin, and servi'd as M.I'. 
for the borough of Xewlownlimavaih' and for that of Killvbegs ; he married 
iti 1777 Hannah, daughter and heiress of |ohn ( "haigneau, treasurer of the 
Ordnance. William ('olvill was one of the promoters of the Bank of 
Ireland, of which he was director in 1 7X3, and governor in iSoi 2, He died, 
aged .S3, 5 July, I S20. 

William ( 'haiuneau Colvill, hi-> oiiK son. 1 ). L. ('itv of hubliii, born 
23 .May, I 7S4 ; married in 1S12 Hester, iLiughter of James Lowry of l\"ckdale, 



1 6 THE COI.VILL FAMILY. 

Co. Tyrone, and died in 1864, leaving issue: (i) James Chaigneau Colvill, 
born (2 September, 1814, of Coolock House, chairman of G.S. and W.R., 
Sheriff of Dublin, 1861, and an active member of many public boards and 
institutions. He married, 31 August, 1843, Helen Maconchy of Rathmore. 
(2) Thomas Harpur Colvill, born 1819. (3) Hugh Ceorge Colvill. (4) John 
Burleigh Colvill. (5) Armar Lowry Colvill. 

J. C. Colvill died 29 March, 1897, and left two sons (i) John, who 
resides in England. (2) Robert I'Vederick Stewart Colvill, now of Coolock 
House, Co. Dublin, who is married, and has issue four sons. 

Hugh Colvill, second son of William Colvill of Newtownards, married in 
1709 Elizabeth Buchanan. His line became extinct in the third generation. 

An Archibald Colvill, made a denizen of Ireland in 1617, was living in 
1643. He was transported (under Cromwell) to Barbadoes, West Indies. 
His administration was granted in Ireland to Archibald Carmichael, 1661. 

The first of the Colvill family to receive lands in Ireland was James, first 
Lord Colvill of Culross, who had a grant near Mallow, Co. Cork, 18 May, 
1618. 

John, fourth Lord Colvill, was an owner of lands in Ireland so late as 1678. 

The name was written invariably without a final "e," until thus altered, 
in the present century, by Lord Colville of (Culross. 

I am indebted to R. F. S. Colvill of Coolock House for much of the 
materials and information contained in this letter, as also for a note on the 
various changes of blazon made from time to time in the Colvill family. 

R. 




THE 



STEWARTS OF BALLINTOY 



WITH NOTICES OF 



OTHBR FAMIIJES OF THE DISTRICT 



IN THE 
SEVENTEENTH CENTURY. 



By the Rev. GEORGE HILL 



COLERAIN'E: 
JOHN M'CO.NH^H':, 7, ^^:ETIN(i-H()USE-.STREET. 



iS6s. 



^be Stewarts of Ballinto^. 

"Out of niomiments, Iradilions, private rccnrdes, fiaginents of stories, passages of 
hookes, and ihc like, we doe save and recover somewhat from tlie delui^e of time." -Bacon s 
Aiivaiicement of /.ea> iiiii:^. 

[The extreme scarcity of this paiiijihlet-tliL' writer'^ I'lrst work renders a reprint most desirahle. .\ few 
notes and some corrections h:i\e lieen made under the ;4uid.ince > f the Rev. George Hill, who is ahle to 
revise the proofs of a work written l>y him thirty-live years a.i^o. Kditok.] 

gj:^^^^^^^g|| H 1 > .Stewards of I'.alliiitoy, in rommoii with most 

t)lher Scottish settlers on the Antrim coast, were 
'^ oritijinally descended from an Irish stock. According 
to our most competent authorities, this whole race 
^ may be traced backward to a very remote period in 
c) history, and may fairly claim as its founder a prince 
__3 named Loarn, who, in conjunction with his two 
brotiiers, .Angus and l-ergus, led an expedition from 
1 )alriada, on the Antrim coast, into Scotland, about the year 506, and 
l)ermaiiently laid the foundation of the Dahiatlic Monarchy in that kingdoiu.' 
I'he descendants of Loarn and l'"ergus occupied the highest positions in 
the Scottish kingdom during the eiuiir period of its existence from the 
commencement of the sixth to ttie cluse of the si.xteenth centurv. l"'rom the 

1 ll is rcmarkahlc ihal inanv Iradiii.m. -lill .m t in .\. .;\ Ir.hi.e and ihr Mrs p, .intui^ lolhr H.driadit 

in\.i-i,.n~frMin I he Iri-h.o.iM. Thr l.iM and iii-^i -i .-'nl-r ili.-.,- ini .i-i-n- .i- ihal .dr. .i.iv m.-ntioned in the 

l.-xi. I.M.n-n, the eldest l.rnlh.r, ,-.i,diiidird hin; -,-ii inllir .N,-.Mhein p.iil of .-\,-vi. dinr ; ,\n-n.. llie -e, . .nd 
l.n.ihrr.lirld M.i .Old ...lur adi,.in)n- idandv, h,Ui K.r^n. l-.ik p, ,s.,..Mon of llu- w hi.lr pminMd.i nnu known 
a- C.uiiir.-. h i-, ni-i,- tli.oi pio'n.dl. lli.ii lii- l.iii. : l.md, d in M.,. hiilu.nidi ll.iv, ne.ulv ..I'P'-ilr I., li.dlv. .i-lle, 
.iwlir iKMUiilnl -1, n Miri, Inn.; ra-iuMid ll ^ni ih.n i i.i\ , n C.oiine, h.... l...in.i[,r n.,ni. ,.f I'n !.-, 4 ,. , n ihr 
t.-rriiMiv ,,t r.i:;n , lr,.ni ihr irnMir.i inn... Ii u.ml.l ..piL-.n lh.it ih.- inli.d.ii.nii .. ..t ihis ( d.-n. pi.,l..il,lv 
ni..r. lli.ni ih-M- ,,1 .uu ..ih.i I. .. ..In v . .n 1 n. s. ,:;i,i, , ,,,i.,i, ,,niinn.-.| 1.. k., p .du. .01 mi.i. .-tn^., li-.ni .,4.- u, 
.i-e, uilh Ih. n- kin-tolk .lu.dhn- .il..ru th.- Ant.nn -!;,.i.-. fh.- ( /;.../,,..; .i, ,/,.,-,,, i.- ,,]. ih.u ,,, iheN.-.os 
f-S4 aii.l --us ihi^. h.uni.l wa.. lr../,-n .iniu- M\... .nid ih.il ih.^ .!u elh-i s ,,n ih,- . .pp. .mi.- , . ..;M.- u .-r.- in ih.- ii.d.il 
..ri>.i\ilU le. ipr.>c.d Msil^l.i ..,i,.Ii ..ill,.; \i i:l.l ih.. i. . in.iine.i. I. V . C'.iinp'' ..-, I . ih.- iihl .1 ..f ' I'cif'uiar 

I! 




1 8 THE STEWARTS OF BALLINTOY. 

family of Loarn sprang several of the earlier Dalriadic kings, together with a 
vast multitude of great thanes and chieftains, among whom prominently 
appear the hereditary Stewards of Scotland. The family of Fergus, the 
younger brother, supplied by far the greater number of occupants to the 
throne, including Robert Bruce, the hero of Bannockburn. Margery Bruce, 
daughter of the latter, became the wife of Walter, the Steward of Scotland, and 
thus husband and wife belonged to the same illustrious race, although time 
had obliterated all traces of immediate relationship between their families. 
Theyrepresented two leading branches sprung from the same stem, and theirson, 
who became Robert II. of Scotland, was the first of the Stewart line of kings. 
During the minority of the latter, his grandfather. King Robert Bruce, 
conferred upon him a grant of the island of Bute, whose fertile soil and 
salubrious air had long rendered it attractive as a royal residence.' During 
the existence of the island kingdom, the Lords of the Isles invariably spent a 
portion of the season in Bute, and hence its Gaelic name, Eilean Bhoid, "the 
Island of the Court." The Hebrides, generally, were known as Hibudae or 
Ibudae, the Isles of Buda ; they derived their individual or specific names from 
incidents in their history, or peculiarities of soil or appearance, but Bute, from 
time immemorial, has retained its original generic name of Buda, or the 
" royal residence." At an early period it was held alternately, and sometimes 
as a joint possession by the great families of Stewart and MacDonnell. About 
the year 1050, Walter, the first Stewart, obtained a grant of Bute from 
Malcolm II. .Afterwards, the island changed masters several times, and its 
possession, became a subject of fierce contention between the Scots and 
Norwegians. Towards the close of the eleventh century, Bute was ceded to 

Tales of the West Highlands, orally collected " devotes one chapter of liis highly Interesting l)Ook (Vol. I., 
pp. 394 409) to a collection of what he calls riddles. One of these " riddles " undoubtedly refers to the frosts 
in the years 684 and 695, although the interpretation does not appear to have presented itself to Campbell's 
mind. The riddle is as follows : 

" I can go over on a bridge of glass, 

And I can come over on a bridge of glass, 

And if the glass bridge break. 

There's none in He (Isla) nor in Eirinn 

Who can mend the bridge of glass." 
This ancient shred is, probably, with the exception of the brief notice in the Chronicon Scotorum, all that 
remains to us of the history of those two dismal and disastrous years. On the subject of the Dalriadic colonies 
there exists a helpless ignorance even in quarters where one would not expect to meet it. A writer in the 
Notth British RcTieiii (Vol. xxxix., page 134,) actually speaks of Dalriada, not as a principality, but as the 
name of a prince who came from Scotland to establish himself in Ulster .' The following are this writer's 
words: " The mythical history of Ireland relates the formation of a Scottish settlement in Ulster at a very 
early period, under the leadership of Dalriada, and the fall of the Cruithnian capital before the forces of 
another Scottish prince." Truly this is mythical history, for it has never been written or read by any one in 
Ireland ! A (Gaelic poem of great antiquity, generally termed the Alhanic Duan, and a genealogical i\IS., the 
most ancient now known to exist, point distinctly to the Irish origin of the Islesmen and Highlandmen of 
.Scotland. K\en so late ;is the sixteenth century, the Lowland Scotch spoke of their neighbours in the 
Highlands and Isles as the " \'yishe" or the " Yrische men of Scotland," or the Scottish " Irishrie," and of 
their language as the " Krische," or ^^ Erse." Collectanea De Rebus Albanicis, pp. 25, 27, 141. F'or ample 
information respecting the Dalriadic colonies, see Usher's Works, Vol. VI., p. 147 ; O'Flaherty's Ogygia, 
p. 464 ; Ogy/^ia I'iiidicatcd, p. 162 ; Chalmer's Caledonia, I., p. 269 ; O'Connor's Dissertations, pp. 297, 307 : 
Pinkerton's Enquiry, Vol. 1 1., pp. 61 87 ; Reeves's F.ccl. Antiqq., p. 319 ; .Vdaninan's Life of St. Culuiuba, 
edited by Dr. Reeves, pp. 433 438. 

1 .Another feature no less attractive is the picturesque beauty of this island. I'ennant, in speaking of it, 
thus expresses his admiration -" The throstles, and other birds of song, fill the gro\es with their melody; 
nothing disturbs their harmony, for instinct, stronger than reason, forbids them to quit these delicious shades, 
and w.uuler like their unhappy master (the then F^arl of Bute) into the ungrateful wilds of ambition." INliss 
.Sinclair, when describing a s.iil through the Kyles of Bute exclaims: "I should like to li\e a hundred 
summers equally divided among the hundred places we passed during those few hours." Dr. MaccuUoch 
\^inds up ;i long, glowing acci-umt of the same locality, by .saying that "the Kyles of Bute resemble nothing 
on earth." 



THE STEWARTS OF BALLINTOY. I9 

Magnus Barefoot, king of Norway, and his daughter having wedded the king 
of Man, this island was given to the latter, as a portion of his wife's marriage 
dowry. Her daughter married Somhairle, or Somerlcd, the great thane of 
Argyle, and the latter soon afterwards seized Bute and other portions of the 
island-kingdom, not in right of his marriage, but sim{)ly as a conquest. On 
the death of Somhairle, his youngest son .Angus, inherited Bute, who, with his 
three sons, was slain in the year 1210. James, one of his sons, left a daughter 
and heiress married to Alexander, the then high Steward of Scotland, who, in 
her right, claimed the island. The last MacDonnell who owned this remarkable 
place was Angus of Isla, their descendant, married to Agnes O'Cahan, a 
daughter of the chieftain of Dunseveric Castle. 

Whilst the young prince, Robert, resided in l>ute, he formed an unautho- 
rised union with a lady whose name was Christian Leitch, by whom he left one 
son, John Stewart, created the first sheriff of Bute. I'Vom 1445 to 1450 we 
find the crown lands of Scoulogmore, in the Southern Division of I'>ute, were 
held by a lady named Christian Leche, and the rents, together with one mart, 
due yearly out of those lands, were regularly remitted to her Ijy gift from 
James II. Was the lady of Scoulogmore the mother of John Stewart, the first 
sheriff? If so, she must have survived her princely lo\er many years. In 
1510, James IV., confirmed to Master Hciuy Lech, the lands of Kerrylamond, 
Meikle Lowpas, and Little Lowpas, in the lordship and sheriffdom of Bute, 
of the old extent of ^6 i6s 8d, which had been held by his father Thomas 
Lech, and his predecessors beyond the memory of man, the grantee paying 
yearlv a silver penny as blenche ferine, and gi\"ing his services as chirurgeon 
when refjuired.' In connection with this point, it may be worthy of remark 
that the female name Christian has bet'ii preserved in various br.mches of 
the I)Ute family, and was borne by several ladirs of the Stewarts of Ballinto}-. 

John Stewart, first sheriff of Bute, was succeeded by his son James, m 
1440. lames died in 1477, and his son Xinian inherited the family estates, 
together with the hereditary office of sheriff. Xinian was succeeded by his 
eldest son, named also Ninian, who married Janet l)unlo|), and by this union 
added considerably to the fanulv estates. In addition to the lands inherited 
by him in the Southern Division of P>iite, he came, by his marriage. iiUo 
possession of others in Rothesay, the Northern parish of the island. Xinian 
left two sons, James and Archibald, the tnmier of whom l>ecame heredit.irv 
sheriff, and the latter succeeded to his mother's properly 111 l\othesa\. He 
was known as Archibald Stewart, of I.ugwui. or Largeane, and, in 1544. he 
beranie an intluential leader \n the i-ein-Ilion which Matthew Stewart, L.arl of 
Lennox, at the instigation of IIeni\ \ill., organised in oppo;ition to the 
Regency of Arran. during the miM'>iit\- oi Marv (Jueen ol St ots. On the 
failure of that moveineiU. the Lain! of i.argyan was among the lirsl to suffer 



20 THE STEWARTS OF BAM.INTOY. 

forfeiture. In the year 1546, Queen Mary granted to Colin Campbell, of 
Ardkinglas. the 46s 8d lands of Largeane, the 20s lands of Candirawane, the 
20s lands of Downald Mac-murricht, and the 20s lands of Dotvnald 
Mac-mychaell, all of which had belonged in feuferme to Archibald Stewart, 
of I^rgayan, but had reverted to the Queen "by reason of escheat for his 
treasonable going beyond the realm, with Matthew, late Earl of Leuinox, who 
was a rebel, and at horn, to the kingdom of England, remaining there, giving 
advice and assistance to the Earl, and the Queen's enemies of England, and 
abiding with them within the realm of Scotland, for the destruction of the 
same, and of the lieges by fire, homicide, and robbery, committed within the 
bounds of Ergile, Bute, and Arran."^ He was permitted to retain a small 
shred of his estates, but this "fell swoop" reduced his family to comparative 
indigence, and compelled them to look around for " fresh fields and pastures 
new." In 1559 the last remnant of his property was sold, and soon afterwards 
his sons made their appearance on the Antrim shore. The period of the 
Plantation of Ulster is erroneously supposed to have been the time of their 
coming. The Stewarts of Tyrone and Donegal, who came from (lalloway, 
settled in Ulster during the Plantation ; but the Stewarts of Ballintoy must 
have come much earlier, as several families of the name were residing throughout 
the Route at the commencement of the seventeenth century. In the absence 
of positive evidence as to the precise time of their arrival, we would be 
disposed to fix the year 1560, as this date corresponds with the period when 
the family lost their estates in Bute, and also with the circumstances of their 
subsequent history in this country. The first settler (his Christian name is 
doubtful, but is supposed to have been James) left two sons, Ninian and 
David, and two daughters, Jane and Christian. Ninian the elder was the 
father of a large family, but only three of his children, namely, Archibald, 
Ninian, and Cathrine, lived to mature age These successions, however, 
occurred previously to the year 1600, so that the family must have been 
settled on this coast at least as early as 1560. 

Tradition affirms that their first place of settlement was Dunseverick, and 
that from thence the family removed to a place called Kallinstraid, (now 
Straidh), in the parish of Ballintoy." In 1625, .Archibald, already named, 
received a grant from Randal AlacDonnell, first Earl of Antrim, of the two 
districts known as Ballylough and Ballintoy, each containing four quarters of 
land, Irish measure, for the yearly rent of nine pounds sterling. This grant 
included Sheep Island and " the other little islands of the Camplie," probably 

1 Origines ParochiaUs Scothe, Vol. II., p. 234. 

2 Tradition .-ilsi> ,-isserts th.at the Stew.irts originally got possession of a portion of their Hallintoy jiroperty 
by foul means, having nnircicred the rightful cjwner, on a hill called Knocksoiighey, a little to the eastward of 
the present village of Hrdlintoy. Their victim's name is .said to have been Mafuii'rig ox " Red Chief," and his 
people were afterw.'irds known as Reids on the Antrim coast. There were several influential families of this 
name in B.allintoy p.-irish. and .also on the opposite co.ast of Cantire. Their origin.al seat or residence in 
I'allintrjy w;is at .\ltmore, now known as the Deer Park, from which the family removed to the castle linilt by 
them at an early period, near the site of the present church. This structure was afterwauls occupied by the 
Stewarts, but it has entirely disappeared, nearly a century ago. 



THE STEWARTS OF BALLINTOY. 2 1 

the isolated rocks where kelp could be obtained from the sea-wrack. The 
Earl reserved the salmon fishing of Portnalarabane, (now Larryban) and the 
Deerpark occupying the whole ridge of highland south of the village of 
Ballintoy, and known then as Altmore. Besides, he claimed as landlord, all the 
Hawks bred on these lands, which were no doubt numerous ; but whether he 
expected Archibald Stewart to catch them for him, we cannot say, as the terms 
of the grant leave this matter conjectural. Stewart was bound to sub-let his 
lands only to Scotch tenants, and to supply a certain number of men at every 
general Hosting that might be found necessary. All tenants were allowed to 
cut as many trees as were required to build houses and make farm implements, 
a privilege of which they must have liberally availed themselves, as the district 
of Ballintoy has been quite destitute of trees for a long period. In April, 1625, 
John MacNaghten, agent to Lord Antrim, gave formal possession to Archibald 
Stewart, of Lisfermling, in the name of all the other lands specified in the grant. 
On the death of John MacNaghten, in 1630, Lord Antrim appointed 
Archibald Stewart to succeed him as agent. So long as the first Earl lived, 
this situation was desirable in many respects, but his Lordshi[) died in 1636, 
and from that year Stewart's troubles and misfortunes began. The second 
Earl of Antrim was imprudent and ambitious. He had represented to 
Charles L that he could raise and equip a large force in Antrim, which would 
serve effectually to check the proceedings of his Majesty's Covenanting enemies 
in Scotland. The King was but too glad to catch at any ho{ie of aid, and 
wrote urgently to the Lord Deputy Wentworth to encourage and assist Lord 
Antrim's project by every means at his command. Negotiations and inquiries 
of various kinds were instantly commenced by Lord Antrim, not only with 
Wentworth, hut with several of the MacDonnell chieftains in the Highlands 
and Isles (jf Scotland, and in all these perilous transactions Archibald Stewart 
was recjuired to take a prominent part. In 1639, he was sent to Scotland tor 
the purpose of ascertaining how far I .ord Antrim might trust to the co-operation 
of the MacDonnells against their great enemy, the f^arl of Argyle, who was 
then the recognised leader of the Covenanters He performetl his task with 
great tact and discretion; hut (Jii Iiis return, he found that Wentworth had 
begun to suspect that Lord Anlriin's promises of assistance were made 
without having the means ot" practically carrying ihein out. Of 
course, all friendly relations between these noblemen soon came to 
AW end: but, as ttu; King ke[)t uri^mg Wentworth to "set .Antrnn on 
Argyle'' without delay, it was necessary that the Deputy should continue to 
consult with Lord .Intrim respecting the coiuemplated invasion of Argylcshire, 
and Stewart was the agent through whom such consultations were 
conducted. At length, all ulea ol' the i)rc>jected e\i)editit)n was given up, as 
neither Lord Antrim nor the Ctneminent had any means at command, and as 
Wentworth always doubted the e\[;edien(y of committing so important a trust 



2 2 THE STEWARTS OF BALLINTOY. 

to one whom he beheved to be incompetent as a leader, and of whose motives 
he had boi;un to entertain serious doubts. Indeed, the Lord Deputy did 
not hesitate to declare that Lord Antrim, through a pretended zeal for his 
^Lajesty's service, aimed at purposes of personal aggrandisement, and intended 
to employ the Government troops in wresting from Argyle certain lands which 
had tormerly belonged to his (Antrim's) ancestors. Unfortunately for 
Stewart, he was regarded as a sort of accomplice in the business, and was 
charged by the Council in Dublin with misleading them as to Lord Antrim's 
capabilities and intentions. Wentworth, in writing to the Duchess of 
Buckingham, speaks of her husband, Lord Antrim and " his man Stewart," as 
acting deceitfully towards himself and the Government. 

In 1635, Lord Antrim, then Lord Dunluce, married Kathrine Manners, 
only daughter and heiress of Lord De Roos, of Hamlake, afterwards Earl of 
Rutland. This lady had been previously married to George \'illiers, Duke of 
Buckingham, who was assassinated in 1624. When married to Lord Dunluce, 
she was enormously rich, having inherited largely from her father, and being 
splendidly endowed by her first husband ; but all this wealth, together with 
what could be gleaned from the Antrim estates, was not enough to meet their 
expenditure in England. V>y way of economising, the Duchess condescendingly 
came to reside in Ireland, in 1639, and made Dunluce Castle her principal 
place of abode. But she was compelled to fly from it by the events of 1641, 
when she returned to England, and never afterwards revisited the Antrim 
shore. Her household was the last that ever warmed the old walls of 1 )unluce. 

On the 2nd of September, 1639, she addressed the following letter, from 

Dunluce, to Wentworth, then Lord Deputy: 

" My Lord, I was in hope, till very lately, ihat all your dis])lea.sure taken ai;ain.st my 
I^ord had been past ; hut in letters sent me out (jf England, I was assuredly informed your 
Lordship was much disgusted still with him, which News hath much Irc^ubled me. I cannot 
he satisfied without sending these ex]iressly to you ; and I beseech you that w^hat you do 
conceive, deal clearly with me, and let me know it. I must necessarily be included in your 
Lordship's anger lo him; for any misfortune to my Lord must he mine, and it will prove a 
great misfortune to me to live here under your Frown. Out of your gcjodness you will not, 
I hope, make me a sufferer, who never have deserved from you, but as your Lordship's must 
l-"aithful Servant, K. Buckingham." 

In W'entworth's reply, there is the following passage : 

" \'our Ladyshij.) desires me to deal clearly with you, and otherwise I never practised 
with any. And as for my Lord Antrim, your Ladyship might do well to advise him to the 
like manner of proceeding. l-"or I must needs confess m)self not satisfied, finding in the late 
proceedings liere with this stale, his Lordshiji returned me artificial for simple and ingenuous 
dealing; and that himself and his man Stewart, endeavoured to turn the imi)robability and 
impossibility of that design upon me as a fault, whereon to excuse themselves; which 
inethouglit was not so fair, to make me accountable, for that in the conclusion, wherein I had 
no hand or privity ;it all originally.'" Straffotde s Letters inid I )eipatches, Vol. II., pp. 386 7. 

Scarcely had this affair terminated, when the rebellion of 164T burst in all 
its horrors upon Ulster. No man in the county of Antrim was more actively 



THE STEWARTS OF BALLINTOY. 23 

employed than Stewart in attempting to avert, or alleviate the dire 
calamities which then suddenly overwhelmed the Protestant inhabitants 
of the Route. His chief, the lilarl of Antrim, had made a hasty exit 
from Dunluce to Dublin, being undecided in his political sentiments, 
and consequently suspected by botli the Government and the Irish. 
Stewart was, therefore, com[)elled to meet the dangers of the crisis 
comparatively alone, and the difficulties of his position were very much 
increased by an act of imprudence into which he was, no doubt, betrayed, by 
the influence of his landlord. This act consisted in receiving and confi- 
dentially entertaining Allaster MacColl MacDonnell, whom Stewart had 
met in Scotland when engaged on his political mission in 1639, and whom 
Lord Antrim represented as a helpless fugitive from the vengeance of Argyle. 
It was true that his father's house had been broken up in Colonsay by the 
calamitous civil war which then raged in Scotland, but the son of Colla 
Kittagh, in coming to the Antrim coast, at that particular crisis, was suspected of 
having another and less harmless object in view than merely visiting his friend, 
Archibald Stewart, at Ballintoy C.'astle.' These suspicions were fully borne 
out by subseciuent events. On hearing of his arrival, the (iovernment ordered 
his immediate seizure and imprisonment, but Stewart interposed, and, as 
he was known to the civil authorities as a loyal and most useful magistrate, 
his influence prevailed in screening Allaster MacColl from the rigour which 
would at least have restrained hiiu from the dire events in which he was 
afterwards concerned. So soon as tidings of the actual outbreak reached 
the Xorth, Archibald Stewart took every preeautionar}- measure which a person 
in his comparatively isolatetl situation could hastil\- ad()[)t. He collected and 
armed several hundred men, whom he placed in the castles of ballintoy and 
('lough, and, as if to show his conildence in Allaster MacDonnell, he gave him 
a command in his own Regiment of I'oot. i>ut the latter look an early 
ojjportunity of declaring for the causi: of Sir Phelim Roe O'Neill, who had 
already inaugurated the insurrection in Ulster, and to whom all the Northern 
insurgents looked up as their especial leader and chief This regiment 
consisted <'hiefly of Scotch refugees from the islands, who had accompanied 
Allaster on his flight. 













f To i-e . 


t^iilniiifii. ) 












1 Al. X., 

l-.'.linl'.ur^li. 
uli., w.is th, 


'p' k : V 
.if All'.' 

ill !.,<,: 


,1 All.L.l 

.-.v.uUv. 

1, Whow 

,r loll,, 


<,- Ma 
ll,.- ^ 

a^thr 


, 1),, 


.ll .,- il,.- -..., 
,r Col'. I M,ii>, ..! 

kliil\.v, u!,M u. 
..f |..l,',i, wl,.. w.,. 


,.(- (-,,11. ,;;,:un 
,l;u -, , .(/>/,< 

., ,! .0,, of 1 
ll,,. ...u,.i ho,,,. 


0.1 A7//.U 

I. 0, r,i 

,'|l M,|-,,.l 

,>l to M., 


llr.l 

l-,l / 


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.oil., of t 

. ll,.. 1;, 

ali\k. 0, 
rsM-ii > 


,:\. l,o ' 

i- llolM- 

l,,oW M 

ill.- ll. 

.1 ihr I, 


U.is tl, 
, il.-'l'. 



1) who wa, ll-\o,, of thr uo,l lol,,, of M.,. 1,0, ,1 .A ll,,- Mr. l.v 1.,^ -- oi| w.l.-. M.,- 
,l.,oh,,., ot Ko1h.,i II. Coll Kittagh. so u.ll known ,n .-^, otl.,,,. 1 ,hi,ullH- >m1 "" h,i1,.- lm^moI Cl,..,lr^ \.. 
NV.,., ko,,, al C.nnlii; or r.alnnon .,'-.,,,.,11 1^1.., ,-1 ,n 1 o,,.;nl,n.l,. Wl-n hi. .m ..n. lf.,I Inn . t -oik. I ^ n.i-^Cppul, 
,l,,-.l .,1 Kink.,,,,, Ca-ll... i,, ,^,-;. l,ls tail,.-, (.ill.i~pi' I . tiion ., ,,,or.- Vonlli, u.,s s,-,,l to to,l,M uitl, (MJinnii. the 
,l,i,.f of (,.,n,i-, who.,- ,k,ii4l,tr; l- .ifi.-,w.,,.U ,,i,uno.:. i,,!k,S'i' t- "a- 1,.,, to tl,.- K on,,. I In . mi,;1i 1,1. niollK-r. 
wko w,,s ^l.ni-lil.n to M, ,|nill,,,, l,ni lir .,. kill- :. in w,,- -...M .,. . p k iil.,llv .,i ., knll I,.;i,t win. I, look pl.u c 
ai Ikillv, .,~tl.-. io,,.l..i.,. 1,1. ,o,n,,,^ of.,.;,.. II,, un-. wnl, !,..| son (-..11. .,fi..,u.u,U Mnn.nn.-.l A-;,-.-,,,-*, as 
. o,,!!,,!!,..! I,. i.,k.. ,-..fiu,. in Colon.., V lo, |.,,,i... i:on .,^,,in..: .s,. <i AVv. wli., i.-ln., .1 i.. .,. ki,o,vl. ,1,;.. il. , hikl s 
, l.iini lo ill,, ink,., it. ,n. a- of l,i. taih, ,. I k,. ... n.l I ..: 1 .! ,\..i,in, . - , .m. if.,1 h. i . > 'ik-v Ik.v. .m,l .Mkislur 
W.v Donn.lk. ,..,,.,..;,,,,ikl.,. C-lk, ..f kin:..,.,.^, .v .. . ::.--. ( '.'./ '/.V. o' the M.i. y.'n'u,': l-\i':::ly 



THE 



ANCIENT CHURCHES 



OF 

ARMAGH: 

HKINC; THE SUBSTANCE OK A PAPER READ BEFORE THE ARMAGH 

NATURAL HISTORY AND PHILOSOPIHCAL SOCHiTV, 

ON THE 14TH OF MARCH, i860. 

]]\ WILLIAM REEVES, d.d., Vicak of Lusk. 

LUSK: 
PRINTED FOR THE AUTHOR. 



MDCCCLX. 

/;/ accordaitie with ike promise made in the first number of this journal, to republish some 
of the scarcest pamphlets from the pen of the late Bishop Reeves, the above invaluable paper has 
been selected as the first, llie following notice, printed on the back of half-title of original, 
shows the well-known g-enerous spirit of the writer : " F/vc htindred copies of this Lecttire liave 
beeti printed, the proceeds of -which, at half-a-crown a-piece, the writer intends to devote to the 
repair of the Round Tower at Lusk. Persons disposed to further this object by taking copies, 
can be supplied, post free, on application to the writer at the V'icarage, I.ttsk, County of 
Dublin." 

^be Cburcbes of arinagb. 

( Continued from vol. v., page 22^.) 

Appendix. 
C. Na Ferta. 

HE following extract from the Book of Armagh (fol. 
6 bb), a compilation of earlier records, made about 
the year 807, is the earliest existing notice of the 
plantation of Christianity in this place. 

Fuit tjuidam homo dives et honorabilis in regioni- 
bus Orientalium, cui nomen erat Daire : hunc autem 
rogavit Patricius ut aliquem locum ad exercendam 
relegionem daret ei. Dixitque dives ad sanctum, 
(^)uem locum petis? Peto, inquit sanctus, ut illam altitudinem terra? qu;E 
nominatur Dorsum Salicis dones mihi, et construam ibi locum. At ille noluit 
sancto terram illam dare altam : sed dedit illi locum alium in inferiori terra 
ubi nunc est Fert;e Martyrum juxta Arddmachix; ; et habitavit ibi sanctus 
Patricius cum suis. 




THE ANCIENT CHURCHES OF ARMAGH. 25 

Post vero aliquid tempus venit eques Doiri Dairi, ducens equum suum 
miraculum ut pasceretur in herhosso loco Christianorum. I'^t offendit Patricium 
talis dilatio equi in locum suum, ct ait, Stulte fecit Daire, bruta mittens animalia 
turbare locum parvum quem dedit Deo. At vero eques, tamquam sordus non 
audiebat, et, sicut mutus non aperiens os suum, nihil loquebatur ; sed dimisso 
ibi equo nocte ilia exivit. Crastino autem die mane veniens eques vissitare 
equum suum, invenit eum jam mortuum, domique reversus tristis, ait ad 
dominum suum, Ecce Christianus ille occidit ecjuum tuum, offendit enim 
ilium turbatio loci sui. Et dixit Daire, Occidatur et ille : nunc ite et interficite 
eum. Euntibus autem illis foras, dictu citius inruit mors super Daire. Et 
ait uxor ejus, C^aussa Christiani est ha.'c. PLat quis cito, et portentur nobis 
beneficia ejus : et salvus eris. Et prohibentur et revocentur qui exierunt occidere 
eum. Exieruntcjue duo viri ad Christianum, (jui dixerunt ei, celantes (}uod 
factum est, Et ecce infirmatus est 1 )aire ; portetur illi aliquid a te, si forte 
sanari possit. Sanctus autem Patricias, sciens qu?e facta sunt, dixit, Nimirum, 
benedixitque aquam, et dedit eis dicens, Ite aspergite ecjuum vestrum ex aqua 
ista, et portate illam vobiscum. Va fecerunt sic, et revixit equus ; et portaverunt 
secum, sanatusque est Daire asparsione aqux sancta;. 

I'^t venit r^aire post haec ut honoraret sanctum Patricium, portans secum 
eneum mirabilem transmarinum, nietritas ternas capientem ; dixit(jue Daire 
ad sanctum, licce hie a^neus sit tecum, Va ait sanctus Patricius, (irazacham. 
Reversusciue Daire ad domum suam dixit, Stultus homo est, (jui nihil boni 
dixit pr;ter Cirazacham tantum pro ;cneo miribali nietritarum trium. Additcjue 
Daire, dicens servis suis, Ite reportate nobis leneuni nostrum. Exierunt, 
et dixerunt Patricio, Portabinuis ;L'neuni. Nihilominus et ilia vice sanctus 
Patricius dixit, (iratzacham, [jortale : et [jortaverunt. Interrogavit(jue Daire 
socios suos dicens. (Hiid dixit (Christianus quando reportasti XMieum ? At 
illi responderunt, (Irazacham dixit et ille. Daire res[)()n(lens dixit, (iratzacham 
in dato, (irazacham in ablato, ejus dictum tarn bonuin est, cum ( "ira/acham 
illis; portabilur illi rursuni ;cneus suus. \'A venit Daire iiisemet ilia vice, 
et portavit ;cneum ad Patricium, dicens v\. I'iat tecum ;eneus tuus, constans 
enim et incommotabilis homo e^. ln>upcr et j)artem illam a;4ri ([uam 
oUim petisti, do tibi nunc, (|uaiUuni habeo, et iiihabita ibi. Et ilia est 
civitas ((Uic nunc ArddmaclKc noininaiui-. I'.t exierunt ambo sanctus Patricius 
et Daire ut (X)nsiderarcnt mirabile ohlationis ft beneplacitum nuinus ; et 
a.icenderunt illam altitudineiu U-vva\ unenierunt(iue cervam cum vitulo suo 
parvo jacientc in loco in ([uo nunc altare t'st Sinistralis aci"Iesia' in .\rtld-mach.e, 
et vohu'runt coiniles Patricii tenere \iiuluin. et orcitU're ; sed noluit sanctus 
ne([ue permissit, ([uin potius ip^t-met sanctus tenuit vituluin. jiortans I'um in 
humeris suis. et secuta ilhnn iiT\a vrlut aniantissima(iue ovis usque dum 
diniisserat vituhnii in altno s.illu >uuni ad aquilonalem plagam .Xirtkl-mache, 
ubi usque hodie si-na iiii.edain \iitutis esse nianentia periti tiicunt. 



26 THE ANCIENT CHURCHES OF ARMAGH. 

In the foregoing extract, Orienfa/es is the Latin ecjuivalent for the Irish 
Ai]\feAHA, the distinctive name early appropriated to that section of the 
Airghialla, who occupied the eastern portion of their kingdom. It is still 
preserved in the form Orior, in the two baronies of upper and lower Orior, 
which form the eastern tract of the county, from Tandragee to Newry. This 
was O'Hanlons country of the middle ages, and the parish of Loughgilly, 
formerly known as Castrum O'Hattlon, is situated in the middle of it. The 
name Orientales occurs again in the Book of Armagh, where the people are 
described as going to Down with the intent to carry away the remains of 
St. Patrick. The Annals of Ulster, also, at 640, use this term Orientales instead of 
nc). n\.\i]\ce]\. Again, at 721, they style the individual Rex Orientalium whom 
Tighernach, at 722, calls \w ha nv,\i]\ci|\. This latter title was continued to 
a late period: thus we find at 1366, in Sweteman's Register, " Malachias 
O'Hanlon Rex de Erthyr". Adamnan, in his Life of St. Columba, uses a 
different Latin word to express the same idea, namely, Anteriores (i. 43, p. 82, 
ed. Reeves); "Anteriores qui ScoticC Ind-Airther nuncupantur" (iii. 7, p. 204). 
This territory was of greater extent in St. Patrick's than in after times : it 
included the present baronies of Armagh and Oneilland West. Daire, the 
chieftain of this territory, is represented as son of Finnchadh, son of Eoghan, 
son of Niallan (from whom the name Oneiliand), son of Fiac, son of Fedhlimidh, 
son of Fiachra Cassan, son of CoUa Dachrich : i.e., he was seventh in descent 
from this Colla. But Colla flourished in 332, and thus seven generations are 
crowded into one century, instead of occupying two, a:-; they should according 
to the average calculation. Flann Febla, Abbot of Armagh in 687, was only 
the same distance from the founder of the family. Some generations must, 
therefore, be su[:)posed to have been interpolated, and yet in cancelling any 
names from Daire's pedigree, one is obliged to expunge them also from his 
collaterals. From Muiredhach, brother of Finnchadh, Daire's father, the 
family of Ua H'Anluain, or O'Hanlon, the lords of Orior, are descended ; and 
though Anluan, from whom the patronymic was formed, did not flourish, or 
surnames come into use, for several centuries after St. Patrick's time, yet by a 
kind of reflex nomenclature (something like that employed by those who call 
St. Patrick a Protestant) this Daire was accounted an O'Hanlon ; and in the 
Armagh Inquisition of 1609, there is a very interesting record of the local 
tradition which existed in the county upon the subject, so late as the seven- 
teenth century: '" The septs of Slute MacLaughlin and Slute Murtagh were 
possessed of the twenty undernamed townes in the Irish precinct of Coswoy 
[now part of Eglish parish, Eaivyn, the modern Navan, being one of the 
twenty], from a predecessor of the Archbishop, who held them in right of his 
see, by gift from D.wid Dkrrig O'Hanlon". This was none other than 
Daire Derg, the subject of this note. The jurors in all probability did not 
exactly know who their David Derrig was. nor has any one since their time, 



THE AXCIENT CHURCHES OF ARMAGH. 27 

till now that the vail of this tradition has been raised, under which stands out 
the genuine original. 

I)rui.m.sailp:ch, the Irish form for Dorsum Salicis, is a common compound 
in Ireland. There is a conspicuous ridge in the county of Tipperary, about 
five miles south of Roscrea, which was formerly so called. The Book of 
Druim-sailech is referred to in the Genealogy of the Corca Laidhe (Miscell. 
Celtic Soc, p. 28). And there are five townlands in various parts of the 
kingdom called Drumsallagh. There are as many more bearing the analogous 
Ardsnllagk. 

KkrT/E Martvrum in the Tripartite Life is called m T)e ye\\r, 'the two 
graves': but as the word Pe]\c admits of the two interpretations 'grave' and 
'miracle,' the latter was adopted in the middle ages ; for Jocelin, speaking of 
it, says, "Est autem locus angustus, secus .Vrdmachiam situs, tempore moderno 
Festum Miraculorum nominatus " (ca[). 161), which Ussher quotes, and adds, 
" Hibernis enim Fearta miraculum denotat " (Ec. Hr. Ant. cap. 17, works, vol. 
vi. p. 419). It is more strange that Coli^an, who was master of the language, 
should have adopted the vulgar error "' rein[)lum na Ferta id est, .Miraculorum, 
appellatum " (Trias Thaum, p. 310/'') The present is the earliest form of the 
name to be found, Fertte being put in a Latin plural of the first declension, 
and martyruni being the word early em[)l()yed to denote the interred remains 
of holy men. See Reeves's notes on Adaiiinan's Life of St. Columba, p. 313, 
3; 4. The space surrounding the Fert;e is characleri/ed in the Tri[)artite Life 
asm ]\v\irh chob]-v\io ' in a strong rath', having probably been some old 
entrenched pagan cemetery, Tliere can be no reasonable doubt but that 
"Pe]icA in the present case signifies 'graves', or some such idea. This will 
appear from what follows. In the Hook of .Armagh (fo. j 1 /'/'), the words 
occurring in the tract called Liber Angeii, ad sar^!ja;^ut>i >nart\rum, that is, 
'at the sarcoi)hagus of the relic^', are glossed at the inaigm du Vt'P^' 'Hv-^I'^ai]!. 
.\gain the idea of excavaiion is iin[)lied in llie word as oeeurriiig in the sentence 
"ad Ferti virorum Vk^cv, (|uain ill labiihe feruiU, loeleruiit viri. i.e., servi, Feccol 
Fertcherni'' (//'. fo. },l>a). That it originally tleiioted a [lagan Lirave ot a 
peculiar ft)nn, a[)i)ears from the worcL "rt tecerunt I'ossain rotundam siniili- 
ttidiiuan /(/-/'(?(', ([iiia sic faciebaiit ethiiici homines et gentiles" (//'. fo. \iba), 
which passage, referring to the burial ol l.aeghaire's daughters near ( "lebach, is 
gi\en l)y I'robiis, but with a dirferent e'nn\aleiu lor AvA/. keeping up the idea c;f 
sarcophagus, "et sepiilt;e sum ju\ia foiitfin ('leiiarh. f cceruntijiie eis lossam 
rotuiidani in siinililudinem pct>\r i>his..\ ijire h)->sa eoiiseiaata est a saiicto 
l'alii( io cum saiutariiin \ iigiiuim os-ibu^ ' n. 1 7, I'ri.i-- Th.. p. 58 ,/). Lntor- 
tiinatelv the Tripariiti' Life i;i\e~. 110 pai.illel lor this statement, but it relatt'S 
that these two \irL;iiis werr buried in Seiidoiiinarh ot Magh-.Xei, iait ->onie say 
then relii :> ['' '^'j''' weie alteiwaijs i)ioiiL;lu to .\rduiaeh, where they await 
their ie>urrection ; possibl}' to \.\\\> \ery sjuit. Li the third Lite of St. Patrick, 



28 



THE ANCIENT CHURCHES OF ARMA(;H. 



printed by Colgan, we find " Venit ad fossam terne qute dicitur Ferie, et erat 
ibi qu^edam mulier sepulta " (cap. 52, Trias Th., p. 25 /-), which Jocelin thus 
gives in the parallel place : " Ad cpiendam locum vocabulo Fearta devenit, 
ubi in ciijtisdam collis rotunda superficie mulieres duas mortuas atciue sepultas 
invenit" (cap. 63, Trias Th., p. 79 a). Further, the parish of Fertagh, in the 
county of Kilkenny, called ha ^epcA 'the graves', by the Four Masters, at 
1 1 56, and which is still distinguished by its round tower, was early known as 
pe)\Cd. CAe|\Ac1i, 'graves of the sheep', from the tradition that at a remote 
period a number of sheep, which died of the distemper, were buried there. The 
grave of Echtra, called \^Y^ Gcr]\^ is still shown in a field near the old 
church of Kilmoremoy in Tirawley, county of Mayo. (O' Donovan, Hy-Fiach- 
rach, p. 468.) 

The following list, compiled from various sources, will show that the word 
is almost always found in /a^aw association. P. denotes pagan; C. Christian : 
and T. Transition. 



pencA -de-OA Lui]\5ni5. 
Vepc bi^e. 
'Pe]\c Do'OAin. 
"Pejic ni Doniiie. 
"Pe^ACA TIA 5 CAe]\Ach. 
penc CenbAin. 
]."'e]\cA ConAi]\e. 
ITepc Con mil Alb. 
"Pe]\c ConiiiAic. 
pepc CclirpA. 
pe]\c CjxlAini. 
pe|\c pet) elm TO. 
VepuA V^H peg. 
l-'ejic "Pmr.Mn. 
pe|\rA "peij^e. 
"Penc Lactjo. 
pepc Ille-obA. 
"Pepc miu\ IllAine. 
'Pci\r TTloiiAnDb. 
"Pe|\rA neitiie-oh. 
l-'e^ic pAcpAic. 
pcjic Sceicbe. 
pe]\c ScocA. 
'Pe]\rA Ui]\o "peic. 
v\cliAX)h ITepcA. 



P. Aedh, son of the Dagda, flor. 3400. 

T. Bega, discii^le of St. Patrick in \V. Meath. 

P. A Tuatha-De-Danaan, flor. 3470. 

P. Boinn, wife of Nichtan. 

In the heroic age. 

Cerban, St. Patrick's discijx at Tara, ob. 499. 

Conaire, ob. 165. 

Kynval at Eurania, 3579. 

Cormac Mac Airt, ob. 266. 

Echtra, gr. daughter of Dathi. 

Esclam, the Uagda's brehon, 3371. 

t'edhhmidh Kechtmar, ob. 119. 

Before Patrick's arrival. 
P. Fintan, ob. 2242. 
P. Tuatha-de-Danaan. 

Lachtghe, long anterior to St. Patrick. 

Medba, flor. 5070. 

The wife of Maine. 

In Ormond, co. Tipperary. 

Nemhedh, ob. 3033. 

Formerly Fcrt Esclaim. 
C. St. Sciath, 6lh of September. 
P. Scota, wife of Milesius, ob. 3500. 
P. Anterior to St. Patrick. 
C. St. Itharnaisc, 14th of January. 



In modern times we have the word in the following townland names :- 
Farta Killarney Magunihy Kerry 

Farta Kiltullagh Athenry Galway 

Farta(;h Uevenish Magheraboy Fermanagh 



THE ANCIENT CHURCHES OF ARMAGH. 



29 



Fartagh 

Fartagh 

Fartagh 

Fartadrken 

Fartagar 

Fartamore 

Fartannan 

Fartha 

Fertagh 

Fertagh 

Fertagh 

Ardfert 

Clonfekt 

Clonfert 

Cr.ONFERT 

Clonfert 

Cl.ONFERT 



Drumkeeran 

Knockbride 

Loughan 

Killinkere 

Kilhennan 

Clonfeakle 

Kilmacshalgan 

Ballinaboy 

Moynalty 

Rossinver 

Fertagh 

Ardfert 

Balrahan 

Clonfert 

Clonfert 

Clonfertmulloe 

Ballyhean 



Lurg 

Clankee 

Castlerahan 

Castlerahan 

Dunmore 

Armagh 

Tirerill 

Kinalea 

Kells L. 

Rosclogher 

Calmoy 

Claiiniauricc 

Ikeathy 

Duhallow 

Longford 

Claiidonagh 

Carra 



Fermanagh 

Cavan 

Cavan 

Cavan 

(ialway 

Armagh 

Sligo 

Cork East 

Meath 

Leitrim 

Kilkenny 

Kerry 

Kildare 

Cork E. 

Galway 

(^)ueen"s (Jo. 

Mayo 



The cauldron mentioned in the extract from the Hook of .Xrmngh is 
spcjken of as "beautifully made and brought from across the seas", aeneus 
f?iirabilis h'a/ismarinus. There exist in Ireland some specimens of very 
admirably executed bronze vessels of this character, formed of ingeniously 
imbricated plates, set outside with rows of spinous rivets to inc-rease the 
heating surface. And the notion [)revails that these have, at a remote period, 
come from abroad, and are of foreign make, .\ hne specimen exists among 
the Dublin Society Anti(]uities deposited in the Roval Irish .\cademv 
Museum. .\ portion of a remarkabli' example is preserved in the Belfast 
Museum ; and the ap[)earance of one which was found in the southern part 
of the county of Monaghan is beautifuUv i\-[)resented in Mr. Iv !'. .Sjurley's 
Iuirne\\ [). 1.S5. .\ curious storv is told hv Ciraldus ( "ambrensis at a Liter 
date, regarding a vessel belonging to the ahbev of .\rmagh. Speaking of 
Philip of Worcester's outrages here, in the Lent of i 1S4, he proceeds: " Hugo 
vero Tvrellus cacabum magnum, qui conventus clericorum luerat, cum 
totius cleri maledictione ad l,u\edensein secuin civitatem asportavit. Sed 
eadem nocte, igne, proprio ejustlem hos[)itio accenso, e(|ui (juo qui cacabum 
extraxerant, cum aliis rebus non paui-is, statim combusti sunt (^)uo viso, 
Hugo Tyrellus mane cacabum inveiiiens prorsus ilhesuni, pecunia ductus. 
.Arthmatiam eum rcmisit ". 'i'oijogr. ilih,, 11. 50, p. 7;,^(ed.( "anulen, ) O'SulIivan 
savs, that Tvrrell took the pan to howii (Hi>t. ("alli. lb. ( 'ompend, u., i. S. 
."^o also ("ox (Ilil). .\nglic., i.. p. :;S) I.uvedia 'ir I.owth was more in the 
direct road. 

The expression (1 rd.iiJuun \-^ nniliinL; but a b.ub.uous proinniei.ition of 
(', ratias n^,u>K which is thu-- n')li(e(i m ( 'orni.ic's (ildssais 



3 



THE ANCIENT CHURCHES OF ARMAGH. 



"Grasticum .i. graziacum, Grasticum, i.e., gratias agam, />., St. Patrick's 
mode of thanksgiving, quod Scoti corrupte dicunt. Sic hoc dici debet, i.e., 
t^)u\]'Air^uni om, gratias Domino agemus". 

Of Lupait, or Lupita, St. Patrick's alleged sister, there is no notice in 
any of the Irish Calendars. The tract on the Mothers of the Saints of 
Ireland, ascribed to .4^-ngus the Culdee, says: "Lupait, sister of Patrick, was the 
mother of the seven sons of Ua Baird, namely, Nechtan, Dabonda, Mogorman, 
Darigoc, .A.usaille, Sechnall and Cruimthir Lugnath ". Colgan, who wishes to 
maintain the virginity of Lupait, endeavours to make it appear that this is an 
error, and that another sister is intended (Trias Thaum., p. 225/;). But the 
following passage of the Tripartite Life proves that he was needlessly 
solicitous on the subject: 

Patrick was angry witli his sister, i.e., Lupait, who had committed the sin oftlie llcsh, 
so that she became pregnant thereby. When Patrick went eastwards to the church, Lupait 
went to meet him, so that she came and knelt before his chariot at the ]ilace where the cross 
is. Drive the chariot over her, .said Patrick. The chariot passed over her. Thrice .she 
went to meet him [and he drove the chariot over her each time], so that she went to Heaven; 
and she was buried by Patrick afterwards, and her requiem was sung. Put Colman, son of 
Aihll of the Ui Hresail, it was that caused the death of Lujiait at Imdual. Aedan, son of 
Colman, the saint of Inis Lothair, was the son of Lupait and Colman. Lupait had implored 
of Patrick that he would not take away Meaven from Colman, cum sua progenie. 

Now Patrick did not ; but he said they should be subject to iliseases. And the race of 
this Colman are the Ui Faelain and the Ui Duibhdara. 

Colgan will have it that the name Lupait is an interpolation in this story, 
and that j'uip must be taken in all the latitude of the word 'sister' (Trias 
Th., p. 185 b. n. 103). In an earlier part of the Tripartite Life Lupait is 
e.xtolled for her chastity, and is said to have been placed l)y her brother in 
Druimcheo on the west of Brileith [now Slieve Golry], this mountain being 
situate between it and Ardagh (ii. 29, Trias Th., p. 133/^). The second and 
third Lives of St. Patrick, in Colgan's collection, say of Lupita, ''cujus 
Reliciuire sunt in Ardmacha " (c. i., Tr. Th., p. 1 1 a). In the note on this, 
Colgan writes, "jacet sepulta Ferta^ juxta Ardmachani ca^nobio Monialiiim, 
in honorem ipsius ibi e.xtructo" (p. 16 /'. n. 2). Her festival is [ilaced at the 
27th of September. Of the invention of her remains ("olgan gives this 
account: "Lupitam sepultam esse Ardmacha^, ejusciue reliquias ibi asservari 
tradunt authores secuiuhx; et terti;"e \"it;e S. Patricii, c. i. L'bi et corpus ejus 
extra civitatis muros in (juodam sarcophago repertum (juasi integrum, sed mox 
ac tactum est a prophanis maiiibus, in cineres resolutum, repererunt (juidam 
loci accoUx, ante annos circiter quatuordecim ibi fodientcs, ut a pluribus (|ui 
eos ha^c referentes audierunt, accepin us"' (Trias Thaum., p. 226 a, Lovan. 1647). 
See also ib., p. 269/'. Ward thus refers to the same occurrence: " S. Lupita 
virgo Sanctimoniales ntipcr extra muros Ardmachan:e civitatis in defosso alte 
rudeto (veteris ut videtur C(enobii) inventa stantis positura, inter binas cruces 
compagem corporis ante et pone munientes". Vard;i3i Rumoldus, p. 184. 



THE ANCIENT CHURCHES OF ARMAGH. 3I 

D. Bishop's Court. 

The following notice of this interesting spot was printed by the late John 
Corry, in a public journal in 1848. Like other communications made to 
literary vehicles of this kind, it was widely read and soon forgotten. Few 
people in Armagh are aware that such a descriptit)n is in existence, and it is 
with the double object of diffusing information, and paying a well-merited 
tribute to the memory of the best anti(inary whom Armagh has given birth to, 
that the article in (juestion is transferred verbatim to these pages. 

"The ruins called 'The Bishop's (jjurt' were well known by the old 
inhabitants of Armagh, Init very few o( the present generation are aware of 
its locality. In Stuart's Armagh, the remains are very briefly noticed in page 
512: 'There are some ancient ruins at (kange, within a mile of the city, 
which are usually called the Bishop's Court. Not far distant from these ruins 
is the i)lace which Speed calls Mackilloran, which is probably the site of 
Killotir Church, spoken of by O'Sullivan and other Irish writers'. 

" The ruins alluded to stood on a small mound at the west side of the 
large hill which rises in the townland of Mullynure (Mullagh-na-yur, 'the hills 
of the yew trees'), a mile north of .Armagh. The hill, at no very remote periotl, 
must have been completely insulated by water. .\ few years ago it was almost 
surrounded by a very soft bog, which has lately been converted into good 
meadow by a very deep drain, which carries off the water, and em[)ties itself 
by a self-acting sluice into the river Callan. 

"A few years ago, when labourers were making turf in the bog between 
the ruins antl the city, they found two ])arallel rows of oaken stakes some feet 
apart, which evidently formed a road leading to the city ; it terminated nearly 
op[)osite the old road, called Lisanally lane, which enters the city at the foot 
of Lower l^nglish Street. 

" With regard to the building itself there is no historical evidence of the 
period of its erection, nor whv it is called the liishop's Court- the only way 
bv which its character can be ascertained is. by examining the style of its 
architecture, and detailing the various relics of aiuiquity tomul within and 
aboiU its walls. 

'".Some time ago II. Magill, the occupant of the land on which it 
stood, fuuling that there was a valuable bed of lime stone beneath, very near 
the surface, began to quarrv it. and in the course of e\ca\ation, the small 
remains were gradually removed. II. Magill, to his crcilit, carelullv watched 
the disco\-eries which were in.ide, ,ind Mre>er\ed everything worthv of notice. 

Tlu; architectural remains di.scoxcred. (-(insisted of cut stone wiiuiows 
and (.ioorwavs, of light c< ilnuird s.iiiiUioiic (of the s.uue kuui u>ed in the 
ancient [larts of the catlicdi.il 1. i'he ^tyle ol these m.uks the jjeriod of its 
erection : the windows were formed bv three snial! iaucct Ii\^/ifs, di7'idcd bv 



32 THE ANCIENT CHURCHES OF ARMAGH. 

mullions, and covered with a square hood tnouldinjr. At the west end of the 
lari^e northern apartment, the capital of one side of the doorway was found, 
ornamented with the Xail-head moulding::; peculiar to the early English style 
of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, and near it was discovered the holy 
water stoup. On the top of the capital there is one of those curious ' marks ' 
which were used by the confederated architects and masons, called ' Free 
Masons ', who travelled from place to place over Christendom, and with skill 
which cannot be surpassed, reared those; glorious cathedrals and abbeys whose 
structure gives such powerful evidence of their scientific knowledge, and of 
the piety of those who furnished the enormous sums necessary for their erection. 

"In the English churches such marks are of frequent occurrence (in 
Canterbury for instance), but in this country they do not appear so frequently. 

" During the course of the restoration of the old Cathedral, none of these 
appeared on the capitals of the same period of the Gothic style, as may be 
seen by examining the few which remain in the Crypt under the Choir. It is 
painful to be obliged to add, that matiy beautiful specinw/is, with ornaments 
peculiarly Irish, 7vere carried aivay to England and kept there. But to return 
to ' the Court'. In this part of the building, at the east end, large (juantities of 
stained glass were found, with the lead framework; the frames were all lozenge 
shaped ; some so small as two inches long by one in breadth, but all beauti- 
fully painted with vine and strawberry leaves; the glass was 7'ery thick (a mark 
of its great antiquity), and had evidently suffered injury by fire, as many panes 
were greatly wari)ed. At this place a small bronze altar bell with a trefoil 
handle was dug up. 

" As the work of demolition proceeded, many curious articles were found : 
brooches, bodkins, harp-pins, stone plummets, iron lance heads, a large rude 
key, and a great number of very curious coins ; the earliest were the pence 
and half-pence of I'^dward I., 1272, coined in London, Lincoln, Dublin, and 
Waterford, with a great many of counterfeit and foreign coins, the circulation 
of which was prohibited under severe penalties. Among these were a few 
specimens of the ' .Moneta nigra', or 'black money'. The latest coins were 
those of David II., of Scotland, 1329, and Robert II., 1371. In one of the 
southern chambers was found the leaden seal of a papal bull : it had on one 
side the heads of SS. Peter and Paul, and on the other, ' Urbanus V.' 
this [)ontiff died in 1370. 

' Without the building, abutting on its east wall, was discovered an arched 
vault, filled with human bones, many of which were turned up among the 
ruins : but the strangest disc(n-ery of all was, that beneath the floor of a room, 
in the mould, was found an ancient Irish earthen urn filled ivith calcined l>i>nes ; 
the urn, unfortunately, was br(.)ken in pieces. A very large (juern stone (the 
U[)pcr one), nearly three feet in diameter, was found without the building, and 
in a ditch near to it, several brass culinary utensils were discovered. 



THE ANCIENT CHURCHES OF ARMAGH. 33 

" Nearly all the antiquities found, from time to time, are now in the 
museum of St. Columba's College, Stackallen. 

" After the various discoveries enumerated above, it is scarcely necessary 
to add that this building, evidently an ecclesiastical one, was in all probability 
an affiliation of some of the great abbeys of Armagh, and was erected early in 
the thirteenth century ; the quantities of charcoal and ashes found in the 
building afford a reasonable ground for supposing that it was destroyed by 
fire; and the latest coins found there being minted about 1371, it may safely 
be inferred that its destruction took place not long after that year. 

" The object in view in collecting these evidences of its antiquity is, to 
record the facts, in order that they may afford assistance to whoever may 
undertake the publication of a second edition of Stuart's Armagh. Every day 
is throwing new light on our National anti(iuities : the labours of our learned 
Petrie, and the numerous members of the Archajological Society, are laying 
the valuable stores of Ancient Irish History open to all ; and perhaps some 
certain light may yet be thrown on the long deserted ruins of the Bishop's Court. 

" John Corry. 

"July, 1848"'. 



[finis. 




A i Ai/vr^i/^ i ni^i/^iAi/^iAi'v,TiAiAi/^i/^Ai/:i/uniAi/^iAiAiAiAiAi/^iAiAiAiAiAi^niAiAioiAininir> ! r> ina: 




ZTbc iniater IDolunteere of 1782: tbeir rH^ebale, 
at)ge0, iflaoe, dc 

( Cotitinued fro7n p. 2jg, vol. v.) 

In order to make this whole subject complete, so far as Ulster is concerned, the Editor requests that all 
those who have such articles, or any other Volunteer relics, will enumerate and describe them, or entrust the 
same to him to make illustrations from, when they will be safely returned. 

Ballpmonep IDolunteers. 

By THOMAS CAMAC. 

There are several memorial 
jugs among the antiquities in 
Ballymoney town hall refer- 
ring to the Volunteers. The 
annexed illustration has refer- 
ence to the Ballymoney corps 
in particular. B.V. is for 
Ballymoney Volunteers, and 
J.L. for James Leslie, com- 
mander of the company; the 
arms and motto are those of 
the Leslie family. Colonel 
E. 1). Leslie, of Le.slie Hill, 
Ballymoney, has favoured me 
with the loan of a pamj)hlet, 
entitled 




volunteer !u('. i.n l!.-\llvmonf,y tow.n hall, 
showim; lk.slik crest. 



PLAN 



REVIEW 

FOR THE 

VOLUNTEERS 

That are to affemble at 

BALLYMONEY, 

On Monday, I2th July, 1784. 

James Leslie, Esq., 

Reviewing General. 
DUBLIN. 

I'RI.NTED FOR H. WHITESTONE AT No. 29 
CAPEL STREET, 1 784. 



THE ULSTER VOLUNTEERS OK I 782 : THEIR MEDALS, BADGES, ETC. 35 

This pamphlet gives directions t(j the Volunteers under the separate items of 
"Orders," "Review," ''Marching Salute," ' C.eneral Salute," "Manual 
Exercise," " Firings," " Manreuvres " : it extends to 15 pages, and is signed at 
end, " S. Bristow, Exercising Officer." The copy originally belonged to William 
Lowry, a sergeant of the \'olunteers, who was a watchmaker and jeweller, 
ancestor to J. S. Gordon, watchmaker, liallymoney. There is the following 
note at page 9 concerning the troops billeted in Ballymoney : " All troops 
who are billeted in Ballymoney are to parade for roll-call on Sunday evening 
at 8 o'clock, and the same on Monday evening, to which order it is hoped the 
troops will pay due attention. Warning drums to beat off from the eldest 
offiicer's lodging at half-past 7, and the long roll for falling in precisely at 8. 
All the drums that are in town to beat (jff together. Besides what has already 
been ordered, the drums are to beat the troop at six in the morning and tattoo 
at ID at night." On page r it is ordered that the several corps are to parade 
on the review ground at ten o'clock on Monday, the 12th fuly. 




VOl.tlNTKKk irt. IN liAll ^Ml>M.^ loWN IIAII. 

Other jugs in the town hall l)car the following inscriptions; "Success to 
the Independent \'oluntecr Societies of the Kingdom of Ireland"; "Success 
to the Independent Volunteer Societies and I'lee Trade of Ireland." 'I'he 
motto on the jug here illustrated is " i'eace and Independence." 

Several who received their military tiamiiig in the Ballymoney comi)any 
became afterwards active members of the Tinted Irish Soriety. whilst others 
were prominent \'eomen in the '()S troubles. Of the former, probatily the 
best known were lohn Xevin (esrajied to .\nierica) and Alexander C.ambie 
(hanged). See lister fournai oj .Irr'i.r.'/.'-w vol. ii.. jiage S;. ( )f the latter, 
the best known was ( leorge Unt. hinsou. ;i r.i])tam in the X'olunteers. The 
surgeon's name of this comiiany is |iir-~ei\ed tons m a ]HTtectly legible tomb 
stone in Hallvmoiiey old chureln .11 li, whu h, atter reeordiii- the tleath ot 
William Kevnohls in lydh, goes on 



36 THE ULSTER VOLUNTEERS OF I 782 : THEIR MEDALS, BADGES, ETC. 

AND 

ON THE 2^ DAY OF JUNE 

1784 WAS DEPOSETED BE 

NEATH THIS STONE WITH 

ALL DUE MILITARY HONOURS 

THE REMAINS OF HIS SON 

WILLIAM REYNOLDS SUR 

GEON TO THE BALLYMONEY 

VOLUNTEER COMPANY 

AGED 35 YEARS. 

Dr. Reynolds was a relative of the Hutchinson family of Ballymoney, also of 

the Lecky family of Hoardmills. 

There is a field at Leslie Hill still called " The Trooper's Field," which 
was very likely the drill and review ground of the Volunteers. 



2)un&alf? Doluntcers. 

By ROBERT DAY, f.s.a. 




SILVER CROSS OF THE DUNDALK LIGHT DRAGOONS. 

In connection with the Volunteer movement of 1782, Dundalk had three 
corps of \'oluntcers ; namely, The Dundalk Independent Light Dragoons, 
commanded by Captain Thomas Read ; the Dundalk Horse, by J. W. 
Forster ; and the Dundalk Artillery. The two officers named were 
among the five delegates from the County Louth, who by their presence helped 
to compose the Grand National Convention held at Dublin in November, 1783. 
A memorial of the first of these cavalry corps has recently been added to 
my group of Volunteer medals and badges. It is a Maltese cross of silver, 
engraved, two inches in length, with a ring for suspension. On the centre of 
the obverse is the Irish harp in a circle beneath a crown, and on the limbs of 
the cross "Duntlalk Light Dragoons"; sprays of shamrocks, and a skull with 
cross bones. The reverse has " Chas. O'Mara. Reward of Merit, 1780." 



THE UI.STP:R VOLUNTKKRS of 1782: THKIK MKDAI.S, RADGES, ETC. 37 

This is a very rare form of Volunteer decoration, and the only one that 
I have met with. The emblems of the skull and cross hones are also uncommon, 
and may have been the badge of the regiment as they are of the 17th Lancers; 
or with greater probability, O'Mara, the recipient, was a member of the Masonic 
order, as the emblems and the cross would alike have been suggestive to him 
as symbolical of the order. We have ample proof that many of the Irish 
Masonic lodges enrolled themselves into companies of Volunteers : for instance, 
the Hallymascanlon Rangers, whose lodge. No. 222, met in Dundalk from 
1762 to 182 1. They were altogether a Masonic Volunteer corps. A medal 
associated with it is in my collection, and has been published. Journal R.S. A., 
vol. iii., part 3, 1893. 



DrumbriDae IDolunteers. 

By ROBERT DAY, k.s.a. 




SILVER MEDAI. OK THE I ) K U M HR I IXiK \()I.U NTEKKS. 

The medal here depicted recently came into my possession. Until then the 
existence of this regiment was scarcely known, aiul it is not recorded in 
the Volunteer s Companion. The medal is ot silwr, engraved, atid measures 
I'l inches in diameter, with a raised reeded rim, ami ring. The whole field of 
the obverse is filled by a phienix issuing from tlames, holding an Irish harp 
in its beak; above is the victorious war-cry of the (ieraldines, "("rom \ Boo," 
and below the motto " Resurgam " (I shall rise again). Reverse : "A reward 
of merit. Thus Kelly. October, 1782. .Major .\. ('.. Stewart." The donor, 
Major .Mexander (jeorge Stewart, resided at Windsor, close to Drumbridge, 
which is in the parish of l)rumbeg, 111 the county of 1 )own, about five miles 
from Belfast. A. (1. Stewart had formerly resided at Maeedon,' which he 
built as it is at present. He named it Maeedon, it is said, so that he might 
be called Alexander of .Maeedon. .Major Stewart is interred in Drumbeg 
parish churchyard, close to the tower ot the old eluirch. The Stewart arms 
are depicted on two stones at Drumbeg: but these and other family notes will 

1 Ulster J >iu!>uu o- A'.h.rr.'.-^y, v..l. v., p. 165. 



38 THK IH-STKR VOLUNTKKRS OK I 782 : THKIR MEDALS, 15ADGES, ETC. 

be dealt with subseciuently. The following is the inscription on Major 
Stewart's tombstone, l)uiit into the north wall of the church tower at 
Drumbridge : 

Near this lies interred 

the body of 

ALEXANDKR C.EOKCIE STEWART 

of Windsor and Macedon Estj' 

who cHed the lolh of January, 1796 

At:;ed 59 years. 



Ball^Qavvc^ Volunteers. 

Bv WILLIAM CATHCART. 




VOI.UN1EKR HAIXiE OF TIIK KAL LY(;AR VEY \OI.U NTEKKS. 

This badge was worn by my father, Robert Cathcart of Kinbally, near 
Hroughshane, in the county of Antrim, who was a Volunteer in the Ballygarvey 
regiment. His Volunteer gun is still preserved. I do not know what the 
regimental colours were. 



JSall^mena Sufantr^. 
IRicbbill DoUmteers. 



Cullpbacl^ei^ Dolunteers. 
JSall^^arvep IDolunteers. 



The editor has illustrations {)repared of the badges of these regiments, 
together with one bearing the initials R.V. and the motto " For our country," 
but refrains from publishing same until he is able to acquire some information 
about these different regiments. Readers will kindly supply any information 
in their possession. 




f'(^'^\j\j'-%J^:^-\s^j xau 



Hnnorial Sculptured Stones of the County Hntrini. 

By FRANCIS JOSEPH BKKiKR and HERBERT HUGHES. 

) URING the summer of 1899 we have been able 
to visit all the churchyards of the county, and to 
make rubbings of the arms on the tombstones 
in each, and at the same time to copy the 
inscriptions. This has been a labour of con- 
siderable magnitude, but the results have been 
more than full compensation. When we came 
to make up the total number of arms copied, we 
found they reached over 250, which we are satisfied is vastly more than 
any other county in Ireland It is intended that each part of the journal 
shall contain a portion of these arms until all are [published. When all have 
appeared, the general notes and observations will follow. At present 
merely the arms and inscriptions will be recorded with incidental notes. 
The rubbings themselves, strengthened and touched up, have been reduced 
for illustration to ensure accuracy. A uniform scale will be adhered to 
throughout. Of course some mistakes must, of necessity, occur in such a 
work as this from defective stones, some most difficult to rub ; and a few 
may even have been overlooked in our visitation a not unlikely thing, 
considering the condition in which nianv of our graveyards are found. All 
these it is hoped will be remedied in tiie final notes. Arms rei;ently cut are 
not given. We may also state here that the immediate publication of these 
armorial stoties has beeti forced upon us by the recent issue of several plates 
of l)u Xoyer's drawings containing some of them, which are ijuite unreliable 
and devoid of all local characterisli(-s. It will be observed that heraldic 
tinctures are not indicated on the stones. 



Xarne ipaneb (Iburcbi^arD. 

HU RNKV. 




1S04 



24 >i-u- 



40 ARMORIAL SCULi'lURKD STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 

BURNEY. 




this 
Dec! 
Also 

departed 
I'ebruary 



1800 

John 

this 

1821 



aged 22 

Burney 
Hfe the 13"' 

aged 83 years 



BURNS. 




The first word of the motto (Gradatim) is worn away. 
BURxNS. 




32 years wife to VVilHa'" 

Burns & Isebel their chil'' 

also the above named 

William lUirns who died 

16"' Mar. 1793 '^Sf-"'! 60 

years. Aiso his Son Will'." 

Hums who died on the ij"' May 

18^4 aged ^2 years. 

And Ann Burns his Wife who 

died on the 18"' of January 1845 

aged 60 years. 



ARMORIAL SCUr.PTURKI) STONKS OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 

CAMPBELL. 



41 




Life on the r^ OF Al'RIL 1823 Aged 
75 Years Also JANE HAWTHORN 

%vife to the above SAMUEL CA.MP- 
-HELL who Departed on the 9'.'.' of 
May 1823 Aj^ed 77 years 

ALLEN 



VIP.ESCIT VULNERE 






ERECTED 

of Patrick 

died 6"' June 

years. Also 

Jennet who 

181 1 aged 47 

ANN his wife 

Dec':. 181 1 

PATRICK 

1828 aged 57 

ANN ALl.I'.N wh 

aged 68 yrai^. 




theii Crand Son 

icd on the 17th 



igcd 80 
M.l.f.X 
57 \car^. A 

'ie<l oil the 12"' .May 1832 
AN,, 
PATRICK ALI,i;\ who died 

[anuar\- 1834 -^.ged 2<) N'cais. Aho thftr 

Daughter Ma>\^a>ct 'vho departed this 

/.iff jist Pdcmher iS;y a^^ed yo yeais. 

Also their (;i.mds,.]i J(.)I1N Al.LKN, wlio 

I3lh /\]iril 1840, .\gcd 42 years 

.Mso M.\K\' C. .MCiloI.SON 
.f the alM.vc JOHN ALLEN, who 

171I1 June 1873. .\geii 7S years. 



<lied 



Wil 
diet 



42 ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 

ALLEN. 




Jan 1 78 1 aged 3 years 

Also Eliza"' Allen who died 

the 4"' Oct 1784 aged 4 years 

& Mary died ao"' Sep 1778 

William Died 17"' June 1796 
James Allen's Children 

his wife Jane who died 6"' 

Aug 1797 aged 44 years 
also Jane Allen daughter 

who died 16 May 1800 aged 

6 years also James Allen 

Senior who died on 9"' of 

[Apr]il 181 6 aged 66 years 

CHICHESTER. 

U3m 



HERE 



|DAVID 
STERW 




1' A R 
O F 
L I K 

STE 

ED 

2 

Who 

of 

who 
6"' 
Also 
who 



T ]-: D T M I S 
APRIL 1787 



LIFE THE 20'" 
A (; E D 45 V E A R 
E W I S E S P E X S E R C H I C H E 
R, HIS SOX WHO D E P A R T- 

THE 9'" OF OCT 1787 A(;E" 

M<;ARS. And Maiy his wife 

departed this life the 14"' 

January 1S21 aged 75 years. 

ALSO ISAC CHICHESTER 

departed this life the 

of luly 1 85 1 aged 69 year 

ISAHELLA Wife of Isaac Chichester 

departed this life 8''' [une 

1865 aged 70 years. 



ARMORIAL SCUI.PTURKI) STONES OF THK COUNTY ANTRIM. 

CHICHESTKR. 



43 




Mart^ra- 
Snody : 
Chichester vvhi 

this life 

1807 a^ed 

Also (Icor^c 

aged 39 years. 

Hill 2".'.' wife t 

Arthur wlio departet 

the 12"' of March 1S22 aged 

Also the said 
Arthur Chichester . who 

14'.'.' Nov'' 1S44 aged 75 years. 

Also his son James . 7v/io died 29".' 

/lily 182J . ai^ed ig years. 

Ana of /lis Dan-hter MARCiARET 

tvho died the -J-. /uue iSjc). 

<li;ed jg years. 

The fir.st (Miichcster illustration (lc{)i('ts the whole iip])er i)orti()ii of a stone, 

arms, and inscription, and is a fair sain[)le of how all the stones are sculptured. 

In some cases, more numerous in other places than 1 ,arne, the arms are cut 

on the hacks of the stones. When this is clone, a note is added to that effect. 



55 )'-'' : 

diec 



(Wl.W Kid. 




'i'he t.imily motto f /// Ihniiin.' rii/i/iJi' ) is quite worn away 



44 



ARMORIAI, SCULPTURED STONKS OF THE COUNTV ANTRIM. 



CARLEY. 

BY 




In Memory 

ALEXANDKR CARLKV 
this Lite on 

1813 Aged 51 years 
also interred 

viz WILLIAM, who 

1790 Aged 3 Months 

one Year. And 

Aged 9 Months. 



JAMES CARLKV 
of his r" a t h e r 

Who departed 
the 24"' of March 

Underneath are 

three Children of the latter 

died on the 21,, of January, 

til 
NANCY 6,, of April 1792, Aged 

ALEXANDER 8".' of NoV 1793 

And his Daughter, MARGARET HOLMES, who died 

Feb>' 16"' 1836, Aged 45 years. 

Also JANE Relict of the said ALEXANDER CARLEY 

Who died April 24"' 1848 aged 86 years 

And the above-named JAMES CARLEY, who died May 

9','.' 1852 Aged 62 years. 

Also the remains of MARGARET HOLMES, who died 

y 
in Liverpool on the 7'.'.' Jan 1856 Aged 37 years. 

Daughter of the above-named >LARGARET HOLMES, 

and ALEXANDER HOLMES, Buried in Rio de Janeiro 

April . 1826 

Also the remains of ELIZA15ETH, Daughter of the said 

ALEXANDER CARLEY, who died on the 4"? of June 

1826. Aged 66 years. 

And of JANE, Daughter of the said ALEXANDER CARLE V 

who died on the 7'.'; of June, 1862, Aged 64 years. 

And of ANNE, Daughter of the said ALEXANDER CARLEY 

who died on the 9'.'.' of June 1881. Aged 80 years. 

And of ELLEN Daughter of the said ALEXANDER CARLEY 

Who died on the 7'!' of May, 1884, aged 82 years 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 
FLECK. 



45 




Here Lyeth y Bodies of 2 
Children of Roberl Flecks 
viz Mary, Who Died August 

e 

y 20"' 1738 & Helen Died 

e e 

May y 8"' 175 1 y Aforsed Ho 

bert Heck. Died Nov y 22 

1757 Aged 53 Years 

ECCLES. 



II 




of 



Remains 

T h o ni a s I'! c c 1 c s 

wlio died on the 11"' of September i860 

aged 47 years. 

And of his sons 

James who died 7''' December 185 1 

aged 10 years. And 

Thomas, who died iS','' february 1S51 

aged I year ^t 7 Months 

Also of his Father & Mother 
James Kccles, who died 25','.' May 1850 

aged 77 years. .'\nd 

.\nne 1-xclcs who died 15'.'' March 1850 

a g e <1 7 .\ y e a r s 

And of his Daughter 

Margaret who died 22 ' October 187.^ 

aged 20 ) I' a r s 

And of his Wife .\niie .Muiiro Ferres 
Who died 20' Febi lSS<) .iged 75 years 

Aii.l nl lir, s,, Kolu'it. M.A. .M.l). M. R.C.N. Fng. 
Who died iS'-' .\ugnst iSoi, ^iged 48 years 

This is the only stone which shows the metal of the shield. 



46 



ARMORIAL SCUI.PTUKKn STONKS OK THK COTNTV ANTRIM. 

ECCLES. 




Samuel Eccles who depa- 

rted this life May 6"' 1789 
aged 35 years. Also of 

the said Samuel Eccles 

who departed the ar' 

of Dec': 1805 aged 53 years 

Also of Eleanor his Second 

wife who died 4''' dec' '825 
aged 62 years 
The arms were doubtless the same as the preceding : portion only 
now remains. 

GRANT. 




Here Lyeth y Body of Catherine 

M'Donald Late Wife to William (irant 

Who Died Feb y 15 1740 Aged 36 
years Also 6 Children 

These arms are remarkable, as they are the only ones in Lame 
with supporters. The "6 children" are represented by four; the cradle 
and coffin may stand for the f)ther two. The mother is shown in the 
centre of her children, 'ilie name is doubtless (.rraiif, but is very difificult 
to make out ; the arms are conclusive of this. 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 

GLASCiOW. 



47 





CTIC 




/^!i^^ ^^ ""K^^ y 



Last: Died Nov y 30"' 1756 Aj^ani XI Years 

Hugh (Uasgow their Father, who died the 

8'" of July 1767 aged 62 years Also his 

wife Ann Glasg(n\ who Diet! the S"' 

June 1786 aged 75 years and James 

Glasgow their Son who died the 14"' 

of April 1 81 2 aged 64 years. 

.Also his wife Jane (ilasgow died 

21^" July 1820 aged 79 years 

And of Ann (ilasgow, Daughter to 



the last named who 

May 1852 aged 64 years 



died 



the 



sth 




ALSO 

(;las(;o\v 

ACIKD 53 

died 17"' 

Also ibcir Daughter 111. I/A 

April iS^) ;iged 37 )ears 

An.l their Daughtci .MAK\' wh.. died I Sth 

OcV 1S44 .iged 37 ye,u> 



48 ARMORIAI, SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 

FERRES. 




UNDERNEATH THIS MONUMENT 

(ERECTED BY SAMUEL EERRES) IS THE RE 

MAINS OE HIS EATHER CHARLES EERRES 

WHO DEPARTED THIS LIEE THE 27'" OE SEI'k 

1 

1794 .1-: , 70 

L I K E W I S E THE REM A INS O E V I V E O E 

S. EERRES'S CHILDREN OE WIIOME JA^ H. S 

EERRES DEPARTED THIS LIEE THE ae-"" OF 

OCTOB 181 1 -E 19 VR 

Underneath this Monument was Hkewisc 

formerly deposited, the remains of Jn" Millar 
(Grand Eather to Charles Eerres) who died 
the 12"' May 1732 .]",' 76. His wife Elizabeth 
Adams who died 4"^ May 1752 A'.^ 90 and 
their Son Cha^ Millar who died 7"' of NoV 

1763 .!:' 76 

HERE ALSO IS DEPOSITED THE REMAINS 
OE DO RATHE A BEERS WIFE OF THE 
ABOVE NAMED SAMUEL FERRES W H (J 
DEPARTED THIS LIFE THE i2T' OE JUNE 1818 

A-:'- 50 ^l:ARs. herf also is interred 

T 1 1 1-: R E M A I N S Ol-' T 1 1 K A B O \' E N A M E D 

SAMUEL FERRES. 
WIKJ DIED (JN THE 28111 DAV OF MA\ 1827 

AOED 68 YEARS 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 

FINLEY. 



'-VirUMStl/'ITUR BONOS'.OR HONOR 5E0UITUR 



49 



Here lyet'' 
of Jean Fi 
to T h o m o 
departed 
THE ll"> of 
1806 aged 




Also 

Finley 

the 

years. 

who 

29th 

years 



the 
who 
25*'' of 

Also 



he body 
n 1 ey wife 

o 

Finley w h 
this life 
January 
58 years. 

above named Thomos 

departed this life 

April 181 1 aged 78 

Finley 



1811 
Thomas 



departed 
of March 



this 
1851 



life 
aged 



the 
73 



Along the top of this stone (3" wide) is cut 

Erected by Thomos Finley in 
memory of his father and mother. 



II F R F 
THE BODY 
F I N L A V 

-ED JUNE 




FIN LAV. 



L V E T H 
OF II UC.H 
WHO DI 
I I "< 1786 

A(;EI) 64 YEARS AFTER 3 DAYS IL" 
NESS BUT WE HOPE X(JT UN'PRErARED 
FOR HIS END AS UV. WAS A SINCERE 
CHRISTIAN AN Al'FEC I'lONATI'. HUSBAND 
AND INDl'EOENT I'AInENT ."v A FAITH 
FUE FRIEND. 

A/so HIS WH 1: MARY NACSMITH 

WHO I)EI'ARTi:i) IlllS I.IIE ON THE 22^" 
OF JAN^ 1S23 IN 1111; 21-' YEAR OF HER ACIE 



5 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 



HOUSTON. 




Here lyeth the bodys of 
2 Children of Robert Ho- 
uston viz. Jane who died 
Ocf 12*'' 1755 & John who di- 
ed Ocf 16"' 1762 & Robert 
Houston died April 29"' 1782 
aged 62 years. Martha his 

d 

wife died Aug 25"' 1794 Age 
77 years. 



ESDEL. 




Wylie 
aged 



Apr. 1776 

Mary Wylie 



We have not yet been able to identify to what family these arms belong. 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 



SI 



HADDAN. 




years 
Sarah 



also 
aged 1 2 

John aged 

Jane SmyUe 

named John 

departed this 



'5 

wife to 

Iladdan 
hfe the 



his 
years 

the 
Sen'' 
lo"' 



son 

Also 

above 

She 

of June 1S21 aged 86 years 

Also his Son Samuel Ilolden 

who departed this Life r' Feb 1836 

aged 78 years 

Also Mary Ilrilden wife of 

al)Ove named Samuel Ilolden 

who departed this Life 29th March 

1865. aged 84 years 

This is a remarkable instance of the trantlation of a Scotch word 
" Haddan" to " Holden." Both words, in the ordinary Ulster vernacular, 
mean one and the same. 



HADDEX. 




Mary who <lie(i April 

Agcil 24 yc;u'-. aKii 

who (lied in iiil.mr)' 

AK(i M.Ui;,uc.t his 

wife who died 4' 

1833 agL-<l 80 ye, us 



.hildrc" 



5 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 

KELLY. 



In niemor 

S i 1 ey m a n 

William 

<i 

who die 

1802 



years. 

viz. 

John 



months also 

Kelly who 

May 1812 




Also her 3 

Marg' Kelly aged 

& Alex^ Kelly 



Here 

body of 
K i r k p a t 
died Oc' 
aged 3 
Also 
April 
Elinor 

I St 

aND 

patrick who 

1803 aged 50 

Rose 
Sister to the 

Kirkpatrick died 

1824 aged 
And John 



KIRKPATRICK. 




lyeth THE 

ff\ Thomas 

)i rick who 

30"' 1786 

\ years. 

Kirkpatrick died 8 



their 



/ho 



Elinor 
1788 also 

Kirkpatrick 
April 1797 aged 47 

their father Thomas 

died 20"' 

years. 

Kirkpatrick 
last named 

the 24"' 

70 years. 
Kirkpatrick h 



departed 



Mother 

died 

years. 

Kirk 

March 



Thomas 
March 

son 
1833 



this life 5"' September 
Aged 48 years. 

The above arms are cut on two stones side by side. 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 53 



LEARMOR (LKARMOUTH). 




viz John Who Died nov y 3''' 1706 and 

Mary died Ap' y 28"' 17 18 WiUiam Died 

May y 28"' 1718 Janet Died feh^y y n! 1734 

Also Robert Learnior who died 3'' 

April 1782 aged 80 years. 

The arms in the first and fourth quarters are those of I,earmouth of 
Balcorny, Scotland. The name is corrupted on the stcjiie to Learmor, and is 
now invariably Larmour, a curious transition. 



MANSON. 



T li o in a s 



lepar t e (1 




M a n s (I II 



311"' Oct' I So I ai;c(l 3<) years 
Three ol his Chilchen \i/ 

Inne. Nancy iV 'I'lionias died 

when ynuiii;. llis stm James 

died al Canihray in l''rance 

30^'' March 1S12 a^^cd 2() years 
Mary Carruihers Wile ol Thonuis 
Manson died 2Slh .^epl. 1822 .1',. 02. 

David Manson, the celebrated schoolmastrr of Helfast, was of this family 
and district. 



( I\' l-e coniinur.i. ) 



IReviews of Boohs. 



Puhlications having any liearing upon local mailers, or upon hish or general Antiquarian 

subjects, will be reviewed in this column. 

Books or Articles for Revieiu to be setit to the Editor. 



The High Crosses of Castledermot and Durrow. By Margaret Stokes. Dublin : Royal 
Irish Academy. 1898. Price \ Is. 

This work is the first of a series of volumes on the High Crosses of Ireland, towards the 
publication of which we look forward, hoping Miss Stokes will not stop short with illus- 
trating the High Crosses only, but will extend her labours to the more numerous class of 
crosses of various types which abound in Ireland, and thus complete what she has so worthily 
begun in Christian Inscriptions, 1 and give us an exhaustive work on the sculptured stones 
of Irelantl. Our best Celtic work is occasionally found upon the great crosses, as well as the 
more intricate and in some cases unique designs of our native school ; and considering that 
symbolism and ornamental design are now being studied in a way hitherto unattempted, and 
comparisons are being made with the art of other countries, it may be hoped that some 
sound general conclusions will be drawn as to its origin. The sooner Irish sculpture of all 
kinds is depicted accurately, the sooner will the pre-eminence of our country be established 
as the great centre of Celtic art in the centuries before and immediately after the eleventh 
of our era. That this is not at present admitted, we have only to read such papers as that 
of J. Romilly Allen, F.S.A. (Scot.), in the Proceedings of the Koyal Society of Antiquaries 
of Scotland (1896-7, ]). 309), which contains most misleading statements we might even 
use a stronger ex])icssion. Here it is stated, in comparison, thai there are only about sixty 
recorded localitiL'^ "where such monuments exist in Ireland, as compared with the 300 
localities in Scolhuid, 250 in England, 15 in the Isle of Man, and 40 in Wales." Now, is 
this fair or honest? The Irish sixty refers to High Crosses i.e., the lofty ringed cross, 
which is peculiar lo Ireland and the other numbers refer to all sorts of sculptured stones. 
As a matter of fact, there are only five localities in Scotland and three in England where 
High Crosses of this Irish type are found at all ; and we venture to state that if every known 
sculjjturcd stone in Ireland, from the ruder inscribed pillar-stone to the most perfect 
examples of all llie Celtic crosses known to exist in the world, such as Drumcliff or Ardboe, 
were recorded, we would have more than England, Scotland, Wales, and the Isle of Man 
added together. We invite such a comi)arison. In J. Romilly Allen's jmper a general jiro- 
vincial summary is given, showing the distribution of Irish crosses, and giving the numbers 
opposite each c(junty. In scarcely a single instance is the figure given correct. Two are 
given for Armagh there are eight ; three are given for Donegal there are eighteen crosses 
in eight localities; three are given f)r Louth there are eight again; two are given for 
Wicklow there are six. Need we go further? To show that we are perfectly unbiased, 
we will take uj) some other statements. In the same article it is stated : " l^vcn on the 
Higli Crosses the ornamental patterns are (juite sulxjrdinate to the figure subjects." There 
never was a greater mistake than this; and as conclusive of our statements, we would refer 
to Kilklespeen cross and Boho cross. Then, again, it is stated that " the smaller crosses and 
cross-slabs, with nothing but purely geometrical ornament upon them, which are so common 
in Scotland, England, and Wales, seem hardly to exist at all in Ireland." Was the writer 
ever in Inismurry or Aranmore, or even at Kahan, in Inisowen? We trow not. In the table 
of Scriptural suljjecls d(Ji)icle<l on Irish crosses errors ])revail, and over twenty subjects are 

1 Christian Inscriptions in the Iridi Lan^nai^e. Cliielly cullected by (leorge Petrie. Edited by 
Margaret Stokes, Royal Society ol Antiqii.iries, Ireland. 



REVIEWS OF BOOKS. 55 

unmentioned, because, forsooth, a comparison with Scotch subjects was aimed at with the 
object of exalting the latter. In the Church Qtiarlerly Revieiv for April, 1899 (page 127), 
this unfair comparison of the sixty Irish High Crosses with the hundreds of Scotch, P^nglish, 
and sculptured stones of other countries is repeated ; and the cross of Durrow, by no means 
the best of the Irish crosses, is compared with the very best British specimen of course, to 
the detriment of the former. If comparisons are to be drawn between the crosses of the 
respective countries, the best in each case should ])e put side by side. And now we return 
to our starting-point. In our opinion the judjlication of such books as this work on the 
High Crosses of Ireland will once and for all remove tnyond question the position assumed 
by certain British antiquaries when discussing this (juestion. The love and studied care 
bestowed by Miss Margaret Stokes on the minutest detail of Celtic art must have been 
observed by anyone who has paid the slightest attention to the subject, and on her labours 
we rely for a full, complete, and lasting record of our Irish crosses. When this work is 
accomplished, then and only then will we finally establish the jiosition that Ireland was the 
home where Celtic art was nourished, and that in which it attained its greatest glory, and 
where even now, after centuries of turmoil and strife, more scidptured remains are to be 
found within the borders of her four seas than elsewhere in the same area in the whole 
western world. 

:t; ^ ^ >K 

Records of the Clan Ferguson. Edited for the Clan I'"erguson Society by James Ferguson 
and Robert Menzies Fergusson. Edinburgli : David Douglas. 1899. 7 6 net. 

This is one of those Clan books now so common and valuable. The Scottish families are 
having their records and pedigrees well worked up at present. Would we could say as much 
for our own: not that we have any right to complain in the present instance, for the name in 
Ireland is dealt with in this volume. Many of this large clan settled in I'lster during the 
Plantation and at later dates, particularly in the parisli of Donegore, County .Antrim, where 
many of the family are still farmers. Of this stock was the celebrated Sir Samuel Ferguson. 
To all bearing the name or connected with it, this book must be of value. 

'T^ 't* 't^ 'T- 

The Irish Presbyterian for September and October, 1899. contains well-compiled articles on 
Presbyterian magazines, from the pen of .A. .Mbert Canqibell. Much little-known infor- 
mation is here gathered together in a readable and reliable form. 

^ :J; :J; ^ 

The Belfast N(ivs-[.etter of 11 October, 1890, contains another of lhi>.-~e di'taiird articlis, by 
Isaac W. Ward, on the Old Parish Church of ML'lfa^t. cunvesing nianv fads of local value. 



-/ Unii<ersity Scandal. Hy Douglas Il)(lc, 1. 1.. I). F.hlaiia Press: Dublin. 1899. 

The tract is a reprint of an article in the Ndc hcl.uid Rci'icu' lor Dici-inber, iS()9, and well 
sustains the credit of the writer as :in ;id\ncate nl the study ol the (1, (lie language. The 
task was no light one. The forces arrayed ag:iiiist hiniwiri.- numcTous and imposing; but 
the fort was well lu.'Id, and iiiatiy severe and crushing blows :uc dralt at the detainers of our 
national tongue. 

* * n-- -A- 

Rccord of the t eai^tic of St. CoIuiiiIhj. S;iiiit i'atrirk's C'ollegc, Maynooth. 1809. 

'I'his is the rt'port oi a societ)' loumlcil lor the i ultivalioii ol Iiish Mili'nrts in Maynooth, and 
contains somi- Ihie literary articles on "The Iiish bards," " I'roni the lloyni' lo the 
Shainion," etc. 



56 REVIEWS OF BOOKS. 

J oiirnal of the Royal Cortnoall Institute. Part i v., 1898. Truro. 1899. 

These Proceedings contain a presidential address by the Rev. S. Baring-Gould, M.A., one 
of the most erudite antiquaries of the present day ; also a paper by the same writer on the 
Saints connected with Cornwall. In perusing these e.xhaustive articles, we are at once 
struck with the number of Irish references to saints and places. The connection between 
Celtic Ireland and Devon and Cornwall in pre-Norman times must have been of the most 
intimate character. Saint after saint of Irish descent is commemorated in Cornwall. One 
paragra])h must suffice to prove the nature of this paper. Referring; to Saint Cearnech, son 
of Saran, he says: " Saran was an obstinate pagan, and was king in Dal Araidh, and opposed 
S. Patrick when he visited Ulster. However, the Apostle proceeded to found a church at 
(ilenavy, near Lough Neagh. Whilst he was thus engaged, Saran came up, caught him by 
the hand, and roughly endeavoured to thrust him away. Patrick thereupon cursed him, that 
he should inherit neither heaven nor earth. However, Conla, brother of Saran, gave him 
lands, and received in return the benediction of the Apostle." 

The Rev. S. Baring-Gould contributes to the Transactions of the Devonshire Association for 
the Advancement of Science (1899, xxxi., p. 430) another paper: "Irish Conquests and 
Colonies in Domnonia and \^'ales." The accuracy and care in the historical minutiae of these 
jmpers remind us of our own Bishop Reeves. Greater praise we could not bestow. 

* * * * 

The fotirnal of the Royal Society of Antiquaries, vol. ix., part 3, contains an exhaustive 
account of the tour along the Scottish coast, with copious illustrations; also an account of 
the Society's visit, in August, 1899, to the Giant's Ring, Drumbo Round Tower, Greyabbey, 
Armagh, 'etc., inckuiing a descri]5tive account by J. J. Pliillips of Greyabbey, accompanied 
by a carefully-made ground plan. 

:^ :^; ^ :^ 

The Scottish Aiitiquarv (price i/-) is always most readable to the general student, as it 
contains many general articles, such as the one on "Family Portraits" in the part for October, 
1899, and " Memories of the Picts " in January, 1900. The Antiquarian News Notes contain 
many concrete facts well worthy of record. 

* * * * 

The Antiijiiary (price 6d., Elliot Stock) is one of the cheapest magazines published, and can 
always be perused with profit. Its " Notes of the Month'" set down all the finds and records 
of ancient times in short paragraphs, keeping the reader in touch with all matters coming 
within the scope of the journal. The longer articles are also good reading; such, for instance, 
as "Curiosities of and in our Ancient Churches," which has been running through several 
]iarts. 

* * * * 

Books, 'Tracts, d-c, Pritited in Dublin in the Seventeenth Cctituty. By E. R. McC. Dix. 
Dublin: O'Donoghue. 1899. Price 2/6. 

We had much pleasure some lime ago in noticing the first part of this work, and have even 
more satisfaction in mentioning this second part. The trouble entailed on the compiler of 
both catalogues is unknown to anyone who has never undertaken the task; and to do such 
work thoroughly, as in the book before us, means labour, time, and aVjility. Such a 
bibliogra])hy as this is of the greatest importance, and the work has not been set about one 
moment too soon. We heartily commend the voluntar)- efforts of the editor to our readers' 
support. 



REVIEWS OF BOOKS. 57 

The Genealogical Magazine. London: Elliot Slock. Price i '- 

To the lover of pedigree and heraldic lore this is an inexhaustible bank whose funds never 
run low. Month after month, new and varied matter appears on subjects widely different. 
"Concerning the Making of Gentlemen and Early Grants of Arms'' opens up a topic but 
little understood, or rather much misunderstood ; whilst the succession of articles on disputed 
peerages bring before us a series of " family skeletons"' and romantic episodes hardly to be 
e.xpected in these prosaic days. The suggested Im])erial shield of arms, in the part for 
January, 1900, bids for discussion, which at the present crisis is worthy of consideration. 
If all Great Britain's territories and dependencies are to be represented on the Imperial 
shield, as depicted in the given illustration, much good might result, but a key of the 
blazon would be required by most people. 

^ 'i^ :f-- ^K 

All Ireland Rcvii.tu. Edited by ."^tandish O'Grady. I'ul)lishcd at Kilkenny. Weekly, id. ; 
yearly, 6 6 (post free). 

The first ]5art is before us, and we heartily welcome it. If the editor succeeds in his object 

in bringing together all the tangled threads of Irish hopes and aspirations, knitting them 

together in a common desire to lurther objects in which all can join, he will accomplish a 

Herculean task which he alone could perform. Anything from the pen of .Standish O'Grady 

cannot fail to entrance the reader. lie has brought us all to lo\e our old mythical hero 

stories in a way that no one ever succeeded in doing before; and if a like glamour is cast 

over more recent e]5isodes, we will greatly rejoice and be glad. We cannot have too nnich 

of such writing. Mtxlern "journalese" wf are sick ot reading; so again we repeat our 

welcome to this new \enture, and heartily recommend our readers to subscribe for it during 

the coming year. 

>;; -.[t :\: >;; 

J-'roin hini; O'ley lo Qiieoi Victoria: a S/uv / and Com is,' History of tke Isle of Man. 
By Edward Callow. London: Elliot SiocU. 1S99. Price 76. 

The history of the Kingdom of Man is here ncorded in a most readable form, divided into 
chapters, which lucidly deal with diflerent as|nct-. of the island's ])ast. When all is of \alue 
it is difficult to individualise; but to I'lsici men the clui|iler of im|iortance is that dealing 
with the Thurot expedition. After the capture ol C'arricklergus. the Ereiichnien saileil down 
the channel until oft the Isle of Man, when General E.lliot t'licounlered and cajitured them. 
.\n old engra\ing depicting the encounter i> gi\en, and main other details. The ])rinting 
and illustration are all that couhl he desired. 



liusil Ti:\is SociKiv. \'ol. I. 111,- I,a! of I'-u- l-'oidc : /'/., A'lm; of Xor-a\i\' s Sons. 
Edited and tiaiislnted !>) Douglas Hyde, It.D. \ ol. H. --/'/,,/ Ih iornta, tit,- Feast 
of Brioriu: an F.arly (iulic Saga. I'dilcd and translated li\- George Henderson, M.A. 
London: I)a\iil Xutt. i S09. N'carl\- -uliscription to Society (entitling subscriber to 
above two volunu- ), - 6. 

Judging l)\ tlie al)o\c volumes, we can IumMiK ^ay tins i a society which nu'.ins tn ilo 
excellent woik. .\K'i\l) looked at as [irinleil lnMiks, wi' h,n e ne\ er seen two more present- 
able \i)luiiies lor t\pr and general taste, enlitliiu; the pi inters ( 1 )ulilin rni\ersit\- lor \ol. i. , 
and I'.allanlyiie Press lor \()1. ii.) and the |iiil)lislier ihimselt a keen student ot' G.elie lori') 
to all eiedit. The matter, lio\,ve\ir. deserves (.iir more sei ious contenipl.itioii. In the tirst 
volume that ehii'ft-st ot ( ialic scholars, hoi ig las I lyde, rather excels himsell. The two sicmes 
he translates are very liillerent. The t'lrst ii(S>iinis 1 he :idveiitures ol Munougli. si ni ol Pri.ui 
born, in laiiyland. to save Tir 11a n-( )g I the land o| ihe evei young) Irom the rule of a gi.int. 
( )l course, the eharaelers and events are all eloih'Ml in mylliic.d torm, but the kernel ol' nioi.d 
truth c.in readily be traced. The story is snnil.u to wli.U any old stor\-teller of the counti)- 



;8 



RKVIKWS OF liOOKS. 



iniLjht toll, and was, doubtless, told for ages before it was writtL-n down. The second story is 
from the ]>cn of Aodh Mac I)onihnaill,a County Down man, and recountsas many u]is and dcjwns 
as his own native county contains. The second volume has a closer County Down interest, 
for it deals with Hricriu, or Bricrend, who has ])lanted his name in Loui^h Bricrend (wrongly 
called I,iiuij;hl)ric/(Zi/). His palace was at Dun-rury, now Dundrum, and occupied the site of 
the jireseiu great Norman keep. We cannot do better than quote from the introduction : "One 
may not attempt to raise the dead to life, nor yet even to galvanise their words. To develop 
their heritage is a tluty incumbent upon all ; if there be aughi of worth worthily developed, 
it will command the admiration of all. Despite long unhappiness, after much neglect, yet 
still through an unbroken tradition, the sea-divided Gaels, whose hearts, wide as they roam, 
])ine for Tir na n-Og, may at length attain to a deejier understanding of their own life, w ith 
its roots far anil firm in the past, and in virtue of a national longing, may en;ible that past 
to resume its course, to attain to fuller and higher expression." We have not recently read 
any book displaying more truly Celtic imaginative characters than this one. Now the , 
revengeful warrior fdls the page, again all is feasting and revelry, whilst treachery, snake-like, 
lurks in the garden. The object of the Society is to preserve from destruction the great mass 
of Irish MS., which enshrines so much of the inner history and thought of the Irish ])eople. 
We regret to find so few Ulster names on the Society's roll, and we trust this short notice 
will induce many others to join a society which is carrying on the most commendable work. 

:^ ^ ^ jf; 

History and A)itiquities of 7'allai;kt, Co. Du/'/iti. \l\ William Donnille Handcock, M.A. 
Edited by Mary Butler White. Dublin : Hodges Figgis Co. 1899. Price 3/- 

The re-issue of this local history is a welcome addition to the library of the antiquary. 
Within its pages are condensed all that is known of a parish immediately adjoining the 
metropolis. The centre of the pale has had more mediieval tumults crowded into its limited 
area than any other ])lace. The great archiepiscopal palace would almost require a volume to 
itself. The illustrations are good, and add much to the text. 




GRAVE OF SAINT PATRICK. 

The editor is pleased to be able to state that all arrans^enients have now been made for 
placing a suitable monument over the reputed L;rave of Saint Patrick in the cathedral yard 
at Do\vn]wtrick. Thousands of people visit this spot every year, and view with regret its 
ne'^lected condition. This will now be remedied. The memorial takes the shape of a large 
natural slab of granite from the .Mourne mountains, which will conijiletely cover the site. 
U])on its surface will be incised an early Celtic cross, and the name "Patric" in Irish 
characters. This will be in keejiing with the century in which the saint died. All parties 
are contributing to the work, which will entail considerable ex])ense. .Subscriptions for this 
object should be sent to the editor, who will give a full account and a sketch of the slab, 
together with a list of the contributors, in a subsecpient number of this journal. When the 
town cross of Downpatrick was restored, a few years ago, the necessary sum was subscribed 
and exjiended by the editor, and he feels assured a similar result will ensue in the present 
instance, although a much larger sum is retpiirod. 



DOWNPATRICK PARISH CHURCH. 

By IlKKliKKT Hl'dllKS. 

The following was the inscription, in raised letters, on the bell hung in the oUi tower of the 
parish church, now removed, and replaced by a new one: 

Thomas Hodges .\bhcy Street Dublin 1849 

Parish church rcpewed I'S^S 

this bell erected 1859 

lohn Hastings l'',s(|'; |.P. Churchwardens 

William Nevin Wallace I*"s(|^. 

The \'ery Rev. Thomas Wocxlward Dean 

Revd. Cieorge Hulloway Curate 
ICpici h Nov., ,Bq9.1 



TIIK BURVIXC. Of Kl'.CIMKNTAL COLOURS. 
Bv I'kancis |.i>f.i'h Bu;i;kk. 

The following curious iiiscri|)tion is cut on a gravesumc at ilie east end ol .\ntrim parish 
cliurch : 

" Here are interred the ashes 

of the lale colnuis of the Dum- 

barioii Rfgiiiieni ot I''encible 

Infantry .April 27"' iSoi "' 

This reginu-nt was in .\nlrim at tlu- time ol the Iii^urrei'iion, and subsc(|iientl\- dislaniled. 
Why the colours were not hung up in the church (a conmion custom), or rctamed by the 
superior olticer. is nut kno\Mi; perhaps it was lo typify the death of thi- reginu-nt, with the 
Ph(eni\-like hope that it might he raised again. Whether the wor<l "aslio" means that 
thev were lirst burned is doubtful, as I t.ike ii to be a mere figurative expression. 



6o NOTKS AND QUERIKS. 

The burying of colours was not unusual, however, for it is recorded in a " North 
Countrie'' paper of 31 May, 1763: " The old Colours ol the 25111 Regiment of foot, Lord 
Cieorge Lennox's (now the King's Own Horderers), quartered at Newcastle-upon-Tyne, being 
much wounded in CJermany, particularly at the glorious and ever memorable battle of Minden, 
were buried with military honours." 



EARLY REGISTER OF THE OLD PRESBYTERL\N CONGREGATION 

OF ANTRIM. 

By W. S. S. 

In the article in {\mi Journal, vol. v., on an "Early Register of the Old Presbyterian 
Congregation of Antrim, "a curious partnership was stated (j). 185) to have been entered into, 
in 1675, between "jolin Riges " of the one part and " heugh gemble and Steuen VVhytt " 
of the other, with res])ecl to a goat. Further investigation of the entry in the old book, and 
comparison of the letters with others ol the period, have led the writer to believe that the 
word "seat" should have been given, and not goat. Partnershij^ in a seat in the meeting- 
house was far more probable than one in a goat. 



Botes anb (Siueuies* 

'J'hts coliiiiui is ppcii to readers desirous of obtainin^^ or imparting inforiiiation on questions 
of interest and obseure points of Itistorical lore relati>i:^ to t/ie distriet. 

(Slncitci?. 

Can any o( your readers give me information regarding the Ulster Givlic Society, of 
which R. f. Bryce and R. fi. MacAdam were secretaries.? I have picked up a work. The 
Talcs For;^ive and Forget, and A'osanna, by Maria lulgeworth, translated into Irish by 
Thomas Feenachty, teacher of Irish in Belfast, for the above Society. It was published 
by Archer & McComb, Belfast, in 1833. Did this Society publish any other works in Irish; 
and if so, what were the titles? 

I also wish to know the name of the authoress of A A^ai ratine of rny Residence in 
Ireland. The visitor came lo Ireland in 1814, revisited it in 1S15, and had letters of intro- 
duction from Hamilton Rowan to Dr. MacDonnell. I wonder is she correct in describing 
a round tower which existed at the Giant's Ring, and of whose existence Dr. MacDonnell 
did no! l.;now until she told him. 

RoiiT. McKer, Harlesden College, London. 

A peculiar coin has come into my ])ossession lately, about which I would like some 

information. (Jn one side is the word "Ireland," surmounting the usual harp and crown, 

and the date at foot lS(?)o6; on the other side is the bust of an ecclesiastic with crucifix 

suspended rountl neck, and the inscription "St PATRICK AP()S 432"'; superimposed on 

the date 432 is the word " Dublin" in small characters. The ccjin (cojiper) is the same size 

as a halfpenny of that dale (1806). 

L Skii.len. 



ULSTER JOURNAL 



Archaeology 



Vol. VI. 



APRIL 



1900. 



No. 



T^iO&^s^^ 



^be (Brave of St. ipatrich. 

i;v I'RAXXis josi-:i'ii !;i(;.;kr. m.k.i.a. 

H \] monument over ihe re[)ute.i <irave of our National 
Saint at Downpatrick has now been completed. It 
takes the form of a large natural slab of Mourne granite 
from Stieve-na-Iargie. two miles west of Castlewellan. 
This huge monolith weighs several tons. Upon 
its surface has been deeply cut an early Celtic cross, 
lull size, copied from a rude sixth or seventh century 
grave slab, found by the writer last summer on. 
Iniscleraun, in Lough Ree, on the Shannon. This slab is similar to many 




'^y^^Q^^oJ]^ 




62 



THE CRAVE OF ST. PATRICK. 



at Clonmacnoi.se, which are the earliest known e.xaniple.s of Christian 
gravestones found in Ireland. The name Patric has been added, but no 
other inscription, not even the date of the saint's death or birth, as such are 
uncertain. It was feared by many that some modern-looking structure might 
be placed over the saint's grave, but this has fortunately been avoided, and 
the monument, as now completed, has met the approval and approbation of 
all who have seen it. It is unique, and at the same time (luite in keeping 
with what it is intended to record. 





arnic 



CROSS .\ND INSCRIl'TION INCISED UPON THE MONUMEN'l'. 
(By permissioti of tite - Pai.'y Graphic" J 

The expense of transporting such a massive block of granite from a high 
mountain side many miles away, and placing it upon a substantial concrete 
foundation, was very considerable. It took twelve men fourteen days to 
remove the block from its original site to the country road. The 
expense amounted to over ^45; and for a little time I doubted if the 
public would respond and wipe out so large a figure. I need have had 
no doubts. More than that sum was freely forwarded to me from all 
creeds and classes and many different tjuarters. The response to my 
request for funds was spontaneous and generous, and speaks well for 
the feeling now so generally diffused amongst Irish people, and is 
extremely encouraging to anyone undertaking such work. I feel very proud 
that this journal has so largely been the means of carrying out this 
praiseworthy object in so successful a manner. It is an incentive to other 



THE GRAVE OF ST. PATRICK. 63 

undertakings. Downpatrick has been doubly favoured. 'I'he town cross has 
been restored, and now the grave of Saint Patrick has l)een suitably marked. 
Amongst the subscribers I cannot help singling out Miss Agnes Rose Cleland 
(now Mrs. Browning), who, some years ago, collected about ^lo in small 
sums for this object ; also, W. J. Fennell, architect, who not only contributed, 
but gave his architectural services free. The contractors, S. & T. Hastings 
of Downpatrick, executed the work with care and expedition in a most 
satisfactory manner, and at the same time gave a liberal contribution. The 
County Down Railway Company also freely contributed and assisted otherwise. 
The three broken fragments of an old cross removed from the grave site 
are carefully preserved within the cathedral until the missing portions are 
found, when their restoration may be attempted. One of the arms bears a 
rich interlaced pattern, the centre being a sunk circular panel. This cross is 
different from the one already restored, in that it has no circle, neither solid 
nor pierced, but is of plain form. 




^:M^^--^-'^.:^1^ 



rilK IKAilMKNIh 0|- A CKO>S A I' HOWN t A 11 1 Kl >K A 1., 

ri,A( Ki) I.N I'o^iiidN n^ w. I. m:\nkii.. 

The bottom stone of the sliafl has a dowrl pcjition lor insertion in the 
base. The accomi)anying illuslraliun shows the crcjss as it would appear 
if perfect, the missing portions bein^ in outhnc ; the others were phoU),^raphed 
and |)laced ni the positions shown. .\ it^iiutcd l)ase is preserveti m a 



64 



THE CRAVE OK ST. PATRICK. 



neighbouring yard. The missing portions of the shaft have long been 
searched for, so far in vain ; but the interest locally excited by tlic work 
already done may cause fuller incjuiry, with perhaps better results. It is to 
be hoped so. 



Tlie following is a list of the subscribers arranged alphabetically 

A. R. Ilogg 

The Most Rev. Dr. Henry 

Bishop of Down and Connor 
S. & T. Hastings 
William Mealy'... 
Mrs. Heritage ... 
W. J. Knowles ... 
Francis R. Le]iper 
Misses Lamb 
Mrs. Marsh 

Rev. James Maconaghic 
Rev. John J. Major 
John \\. M'Connell 
W. F. M 'Kinney 
Dr. M. J. Nolan 
Rev. James O'Laverty . 
Rev. Patrick O'Kane 
Koljert Patterson 
Miss Pnvger 
Rev. W. li. Scott (Clanabogan 

County Tyrone) 
The \'en. Archdeacon Smythe 
William Swanston 
Rev. J. A. Stewart 
Miss S. M. Thomjison 
C. H. Todd 
Mrs. Henry Thompson 
Colonel \'ig()rs ... 
R. I. Welch 
Rev. C. H. Waddell 
Misses Waring ... 
F. W. and A. W. and i;. \\', 
Joseph Wriglit ... 
Walter II. Wilson 
Colonel Wallace... 



Jo.seph Allen 


^o 


5 


o 


Miss Elizabeth Andrews 


o 


5 


o 


General Bland and .Mrs. Smythe 


I 


o 


o 


Mrs. John S. Brown 


I 


I 


o 


Mrs. Browning ... 


o 


4 


o 


John Brown 


I 


o 


o 


G. Herbert Brown 


o 


2 


6 


Rev. Canon Bristow 


o 


lO 


o 


Robert Bell 


o 


2 


6 


W. C. Boyd 


o 


2 


6 


Miss Boyd (Cullra) 


o 


4 


o 


Francis Joseph Bigger 


I 


I 


o 


County Down Railway Company 








(per James Pinion) 


2 


2 


o 


Chabrez ... 


O 


5 


o 


John Carson 


o 


5 


o 


W. F. C. S. Corry 


o 


10 


o 


Colonel Sharman Crawford 


I 


o 


o 


Miss Agnes Rose Cleland (now 








Mrs. Browning), per the Very 








Rev. Dr. Maguire (collected) 


lO 


6 


o 


The Marcjuess of Dufferin and 








Ava 


2 


o 


o 


The Baron Dunleath 


2 


2 


o 


George Donaldson (collected) ... 


I 


8 


o 


Miss Finlay (Berkhamsted) 


O 


5 


o 


W. J. Fennell 


O 


lO 


o 


Mrs. Fennell 


o 


lO 


o 


Franciscans (Drogheda) 


o 


lO 


o 


Mrs. Isaac Green 


o 


4 


o 


John j. F. Greene 


o 


5 


o 


William Gray .. 


o 


5 


o 


M. Governey (Carlowj . 


I 


o 


o 


William (lodwin 


o 


5 


o 


Herbert Hutjlies 





lO 


o 



.^o 



I 


I 


o 


3 


o 


o 


o 


lO 


o 


o 


2 


6 


o 


5 


o 


I 


o 


o 


o 


2 


6 


o 


lO 


o 


o 


lO 


o 


o 


lO 


6 


I 


o 


o 


o 


2 


6 


o 


lO 


6 


o 


lO 


6 


I 


o 


o 


o 


5 


o 


o 


2 


6 


I 


o 


o 


o 


5 


o 


o 


lO 


6 


o 


lO 


o 


o 


5 


o 


o 


2 


6 


o 


2 


6 


o 


5 


o 


I 


o 


o 


o 


5 


o 


o 


4 


o 


o 


to 


o 


o 


5 


o 


I 


o 


o 




Zbc Hncjlicisation of an 3ri6b H-lanic. 



'.^^t/ 



Bv UERBKKT IILC.IIES. 




-^y/V=r=rj (0 y attention has recently been drawn by the editor of 
^ this journal to some valuable notes on the parish 
of Tynan, in the county of Armagh, collected by the 
late Dishop Reeves, which contain lists of family 
^ names, together with those of townlands and 
> territorial denominations, with their respective grants 
v^/^o ^^'^^ ownerships. 'Sly interest was deepened as the 
district in ([uestion was the one from which my 
own people came, and amongst the various li^ts of names I found 
mine fre(iuently occurring in different forms. When 1 had carefully 
examined these lists, and had extracted all the names, it became evident 
to me that a complete evolution had taken [ilace in the nomenclature of an 
Irish clan in the space of two hundred and fitty years ; and to prove 
this conclusively I will give the names as they appear, and the dates in which 
they are recorded. It is well known to genealogists that Christian names 
verv often afford links of connection when the surname renders no assistance. 
In the present instance both have altered, and both in the same direction. 

In the fifteenth, sixteenth, and bi'ginniiig of the seventeenth centuries, 
the C)"Nc-ills were the territorial lords of the (bounty Armagh, ami their 
clansmen and followers were the under-tenants. .At the time of die I'lantation 
the O'Xeills suffered fcjrfeiture, but their tenantry in many instances remained 
in possession of the land : considering the ehange ol lords a sentimental 
hardship, l)Ut otherwise enjoying p^'rhaps a greater lixity t)t tenure than they 
heietofore exiierieiiced. .\lanv of the hUrnaiiies ol ihese tenants were simplv 
Christian names of the ()'X(;ills wiih ".Mac" or "()" prefixed: such as 
MacXeill, .MacKory, O'Carberie, ( )'C.ormley, .M.ullenry, and .Mac.^hane : 
iiut by far the greatest number in the Sulisi(i\ Roll of lo :;.| is O'llughe. 
I'assing (jn to the vcar i')()^, wlun ili'' Me.iilh 'I',i\ list w.is made out, 
the name is still nuiiuious, spelt ()!lii^Ii. Iiliy >e,ns later, m a list ol 
teiiaiUs made out in i 7 i [. we fmd the ii.ime appealing (.iitireK .is llughs, 
with two e\ee[itions, and the\- .ippe.ii ,is ( )'I luglis. 



66 THR ANGLICIZATION OF AN IRISH NAM?:. 

We now skip another half century, when we come to the religious return 
made by the rector of the parish for the House of Lords in the year 1766. In 
this list we find that Hughs is spelt without the prefix " O." " More" and 
" Oge'' to distinguish father from son now disappear, and are no longer 
found, and for the first time we see the distinction in English "senior" and 
"junior." Several of the name are also noted as having conformed at this 
time. When the name is mentioned at the beginning of the present century, 
it is always spelt Hughes, and so it appears in all cases in the recent 
Parliamentary voters" list for the county of Armagh. So much for the 
surname. I will now trace the Christian names from the same sources. 

In the first list (1634) the names are almost exclusively Celtic ; such as 
Turlough, Owen, Donnell duffe. Art boy, Patrick groome, Bryan bane, Owen 
boye, and Phelim. Such names are continued through the Hearth Tax list in 
1664, and it is only in the list of 17 14 that a change is noticeable. The " O" 
has now been dropped, and such names as John and James and Henry are 
introduced. In the list of 1766, Edward, Robert, Peter, Martin, Philip, 
Joseph, William, Edmund, Francis, and Frederick are added, and the 
distinctly Irish surnames have largely disappeared, until the present voters' 
list contains not a solitary Irish Christian name in use with the name of 
Hughes. 

These facts are so plain and simple that they speak for themselves. In 
the space of two and a half centuries the name OHughe has been anglicized 
Hughes, and the old Celtic names of Turlough, Phelim, and Bryan have 
given place to William, Frederick, and George. It is often staled and 
believed that the name Hughes is of Welsh origin. In some cases it may be 
so, but many are of undoubted Irish extraction, as I have proved by the 
foregoing facts, taken from lists of undoubted authenticity. 





Zbc fvmciecnne in Brmaab.' 

Bv rur, Kkvkrkm) E. B. FITZMAl'RICE, o.s. i-. , Droghkda. 

HE Franciscan Friars came to Ireland not later than 
the year 1224, and they are mentioned for the first 
time in connection with Armagh in the year 1241. 
In this year, Albert of Cologne, Archbishop of 
Armagh, made an exchange of the lands of Coulrath 
for the lands of Machirgallin with Hugh de Lacy, Earl 
of Ulster, and the witnesses to this deed of exchange 
were the Friars Minors, John de Alneto'^ and Thomas 
dc liartone.'' This John d'Alnet was afterwards elected Bishop of Raphoe.'' 
There seems to be some doubt about the date at which the convent of the 
I'Vanciscans was founded in Armagh ; but the fact that Armagh is named 
utidcr the custody of Nenagh in the list of convents published by the General 
( 'hapter, held at Narbonne in the year 1260, under the presidency of S. 
Bonaventure, shows plainly that the convent of Armagh must have been 
founded before that year. Patrick O'Scannail, a Dominican, was consecrated 
Piishop of Raphoe in the church of the Friars Minor of Dundalk, in the year 
1253 :'' and when he was elevated to the Archbishopric of Armagh, in the year 
1263, it is said that he built a monastery for the l'>anciscans in Armagh ;'' but 
this can only mean that he built a new convent for them, better than the one 
they already occupied. Fie was undoubtedly a great friend of the 
Franciscans, for all the anc^icnt records sj)eak of him as such : and we know 
that in the year [264 he made a dee]) ditch around the Franciscan convent, 
and two years later, in 1266. he consecrated the cemetery near the Friars 
eluireh, in wliich ceremoin- he was assisted by C'airbre O'Scuba, the Bishop of 
l\a])he)e, 'I'honias Fidcll, ISishop of I )f)wn, eonsecrnted that year, and Robert 
ot Manders.' Father Ward sn\s : "The convent of .\rmagh was founded 
beiore 1 jCio. l)Ut the I'riars w(>re soK'innlv inducted into it long alter by the 



i'riiiiate, Patrick ()".Scann;i 
the founder ot" the cf)iiyent. 



1 In 1; 

mil ..t 1 


1. 1' 


K.,v 


-' />'.t, 




-.ll.nii 








1 riK-ii 






:> l>i>:, 


/i ' 


i 'A.', 



M. 






ga\e rise to the oj^nion that he was 
Pour Masters sa\' : "The .\rchbishop of 

i; w .11. . 

^ ->\!,-).Mv Prnvin.-I.ll Ill'v \\a!.l. 



68 THE FRANCISCANS IN ARMACH. 

Armagli, Macl])atrick O'Scannal, brought the Friars Minor to Armagh, and 
(according to tradition) it was Macl^onncll Galloglagh who commenced the 
erection of the monastery"';' and l'>. Mooney says: "'I'he convent of Armagh, 
in the primatial city of tliat name, was founded by a prince of the O'Neill 
family. To which of them the honour is due I am unable to say "' ; and then 
in a note: " (Others, with more truth, say that it was founded by MacDonnell 
(Galloglagh." This MacDonnell was chief of Clankelly in I'^crmanagh.'- 

In the year 1290, Pope Nicholas IV. granted indulgences to this convent 
on the feasts of the .\nnunciation of the 1>. \'. Mary, of S. Francis, 
S. Anthony, and S. ('lare, with their octaves, also on the anniversary of the 
dedication of the church." In the year 1303, on the 31st August, the 
Dean and Chapter of Armagh wrote to King Edward I., staling that the 
(Church of Armagh, having lately become vacant by the death of Nicholas 
MacMolissa, Archbishop of Armagh and 1^-imate of all Ireland, they, the 
Dean and Chapter, having sought and obtained lea\'e, had unanimously 
chosen Friar Michael, lecturer of the Franciscans of Armagh, to be 
Archbishop ; they ask, therefore, the royal assent to this their nomination, and 
appoint Arthur and Maurice, members of their bod\', to present this petition 
to the King.' On the 1 7th October following, a safe conduct is granted \)\ the 
King to the same Friar Michael, elected Archbisho{) of Armagh, in order that 
he may go to Rome : and on the 20th of the same month King Edward I. 
writes to Pope l^jenedict XL, giving his royal assent to the postulation lately 
made by the Dean and Chapter of Armagh, of I'riar Michael, lecturer 
of the I'Vanciscans of Armagh, to be Archbishop of Armagh."' 
This postulation was not successful ; for on the 27th August, 1306, 
we find Pope Clement A', appointing John Taffe to the Archbishopric 
of Armagh, void by the death of Nicholas, the election of Michael 
Maglachlyne, of the order of S. ]<>ancis, by the Chapter, not having 
l)een allowed by Pope benedict XL, and Dennis, wlio had been appointed by 
that Pope, having resigned." The reason why l-'riar Michael was not created 
Archbishoj) seems to have been the fact that he had been born out of 
wedlock ; for on the 20th August, 13T0, there was granted to Michael 
Maclachloyin, of tlic Order of Friars Minor of the diocese of Armagh, a 
dispensation su/'cr dcjectu naialiiDii, to accept offices in his Order, or any 
dignity, even that of Archbishop." 

I'Vom the outset, the two great Himilies of the O'Neills and O'Donnells 
had shown unfailing kindness to the l-'ranciscans throughout Ulster, and in 
confirmation of this we llnd in the A)iiiah of U/s/cr the following entry 
under the year 1353: " Cormlagh, daughter of John O'Donncll, formerly 

1 Sub anno 12''). ."1 Calendar of Sl:ilc Palmers. 

-' MS, Historia. 1'. Mooney. C. l!li>s. J'.q.al Documents. 

:i Annals 0/ risify. 7 liliss. 

4 Calendar of State Papers. 



THE FRANCISCANS IN ARMAGH. 69 

wife of Donald O'Neal, prince of Ulster, died on the 14th of April, and was 
buried with the Friars of Ardmach.'" 

About the year 1355, says Wadding, a great storm was raised in England 
against the four mendicant orders, and strong efforts were made to deprive 
them of the privileges and exemptions which had been granted to them by the 
Holy See. Richard Fitzralph had been consecrated Archbishop of Armagh 
in the year 1347. He was undoubtedly one of the cleverest men of his time, 
and for ten years, at least, lived at peace with the friars in his diocese. In the 
year 1357, however, some trouble arose. The Primate wished to remove to 
his own palace some ornaments belonging to the Franciscan convent of 
Hrogheda, but was hindered from doing so by 'Iliomas Bathe, who was then 
mayor of the town. This seems to ha\e irritated the Archbishop, and was 
the beginning of a quarrel which ended only with the Archbishop's life. He 
wrought and wrote against them ; he joined issue with the friars by taking 
part with the enemies of the mendicant orders in F.ngland ; he left nothing 
undone to render their privileges and exemptions useless. When patience 
could endure no more, the guardian of the I'Yanciscans of Armagh appealed 
to the Holy See, and had influence enough with Pope Innocent VI. and 
King Edward HI. to have Archbishop i'itzralph cited to .Avignon, where the 
Pope then resided. On his way through London, the Primate preached very 
vigorously in S. Paul's against the friars and their privileges. In Avignon he 
distributed widely among the members of the Papal Court a pamphlet 
against the friars, beginning with the words : Xoliie judicare secundun faciem ; 
which pamphlet was cleverly answered by IV. Roger Coneroey of Cambray, 
Provincial of the English Franciscans. Possvinus, speaking of this answer, 
says : " ^it cum Richardus hii\ qucni Ard/natiia/nn/i vocant, caute /ei^endits si/, 
tiun priccipue RoiO^eriis de CIiotinii\ Ordinis Minorum, perpende/idus est, qui 
dclcnsionon Mendicatitiiim adversus cioulcin Ardmachani/in docie et accurate 
C(>nsciipsit." For three years at least the case lasted, no definite judgment 
being given for either side, although the Pope decreed that, pendente lite, the 
triars were to retain all their rights and privileges." At last the dispute was 
ended by absolute conuiiand of the P(>[)e in the year 1360, and on the i6th 
November of that year Richard Fit/.ralpli died at .\vignon, or, as others say, 
in Hainault.' 

\\\\.\\ the tleath of Fit/.ral])h the dispute ended, and things went on 
peaccfullv between the archbishops ;ind the mendicant friars. In the 
registers of the .Vrchbishops of .Armagh we find the names of several 
Franciscans ordained by them during man\- surcessive years. Thus, on \.\\c 
I 7lh .\])ril, 1413, by permission of the Primate, Friar Thomas Whytle w.is 
ordained [)riest 1)\- PhiHp, lSisho[) of ( 'lonmacnoi>e, in S. Peter's ( 'hureh, 

1 Ki.iL;'. MS. 

i Wa,iain^. Sii!. :inno I r,;. Fl.it!.ury\ \I S. A.m.iK, r.C. I ). 

:; W.uc'. r.i.linps, C s > llil.. An-li^ .ma. 



70 TIIF. FK.WCISCANS IN ARMAGH. 

Droghcda.' In 1426, Archbishop Swayne, in the chapel of the Manor of 
Tcrmonfeckin, ordained I'r. Laurence O'Coffey and Fr. Jolm O'lXaly 
I'riars Minors of tlie convent of Droghcda." In 142S, on tlie 12th March, in 
the Churcli of S. Peter, in Drogheda, Archbishop Swayne ordained sub- 
deacon Fr. Nicholas O'Murcherthard a Friar Minor.'' In 1435, Fr. William 
O'Reilly, I'rovincial of the Irish Franciscans, prays the Primate, John Prene, 
to have drawn out by his secretary, in the Manor of Dromiskin, an authentic 
copy of the Bull of Clement \'III. (1429). by which certain special privileges 
were granted to the Franciscan l"'riars.^ In 1437, the Archbishop imposed on 
a cleric who had erred, as a portion of his penance, the obligation of paying 
6s. 6d. for the repair of the windows of the house of the Friars Minors of 
Drogheda.'' In 1438, the Primate stands in defence of the friars by 
excommunicating the theives who stole the property of the Friary of 
Dundalk. In 144 r, on the 24th February, Fr. Thomas MacCynreff was 
ordained acolyte by Archbishop Prene, in the chapel of the Manor of 
Dromiskin. O11 the 17th May, in the same year, in the same place, by the 
same Primate, Fr. Thadeus MacKreyne was ordained sub-deacon. On the 
31st March, 1442, the same Thadeus MacKreyne, who was a native of 
Armagh, was ordained deacon in the parish church of Dromiskin. by Primate 
Prene. Old controversies were so far forgotten by that time, that on the 3rd 
August of that year, 1442, we hnd the Primate granting to Fr. Nehemias 
O'Loughlin, duardian of the Franciscans of Armagh, leave to preach, and 
grant indulgences throughout the whole of Ireland.'^ 

Primate John Mey seems to have been a special friend of the Franciscans, 
for he lived for some months of the year 145 1 in the convent of Armagh ;' and 
in the year t455, "^vhen the whole diocese was laid under an interdict, Fr. 
Thadeus MacKreyne, the duardian of Armagh, together with his church and 
community, was, by special favour, exempted from the penalties of the 
interdict." When I'rimate Mey died, in the year 1456, his executors, Sir 
Thomas Plunkct, Knt., and John Duff, Mayor of Drogheda, held a meeting 
in the Franciscan Convent of Drogheda, on the 21st I^'ebruary, and there, in 
an inner room, overlooking the Pioyne, they made inquiry as to whether or 
not the late Archbishop had given all his ])roperty to the Earl of Ormond 
and Wiltshire, to wlioni he was indebted to the amount of ^/,2oo.'' 

In the year 147^, lohii Foxhalls, an English Franciscan, was appointed 
10 the .ArchtjishoiJric of Armagh. He was a native of \'orkshire, and a 
graduate of Oxiord, for we fmd that on the r4th .April, 145 i, he was allowed 
to count opponency (as a wrangler?) froni Michaelmas term to l-^aster, as his 
conn)lete opposition, on condition that he would preach one Latin sermon over 

1 K'l;. I'lcniiny. >'< i\cu. I'reyr.e. ]).i':;r j ;7. 

J Reu. S avnr. 7 Kx. Re-.' lioUr. 

:; H'-j:. I'lenii.m. > Kx. Rl-r. IIoI,-. 

i Ibiil. It Ward. 

5 Ihi^l. 



THE FRANCISCANS IN ARMAGH. 7 1 

and above those he was otherwise bound to preach by the University statutes. 
This was equivalent to a petition for a Bachelorship of Divinity. After this he 
lectured in Bologna, and while there was appointed Archbishop of Armagh.' 
He died in England after receiving the Apostolic letters, before he reached 
his See, and before he was consecrated. The debts which he incurred for the 
purpose of his consecration were never paid, as his successors, John of 
(^)ueensbury and Octavian de Palatio, did not think they were bound to pay 
his debts.- John Foxhalls was the author of several works : 

I. Expositio Universaiium Scoti. X'enico. 1508. 1512, under the name 
'Joannes Anglicus."' 

2 Opuscuhiin super Libros Posterionmi. .M.S. Paris, Biblotheg., Nation., 
1 501, No. 6667. 

3. Opusculiim de Primis et secinuiis Inteiiiiofiihus. MS. Biblo., Lorenzian, 
Florence. 

4. Pl.xposiiio super APetapIixsicani Antoiiii Andrecr. .MS. penes 
\\'addingum. 

Under the year 1495, ^^^ Annals of Ulster say that " Toirdelbach, son 
of Conn, son of Domnall, son of l'>oglian Ua Niall. namely, a I'Viar Minor, of 
the community of Arc! Macha. was killed in Uavan by his own horse, by a 
kick." 

In the year 1460 the reform of thi' Iri^h l''rancisrans was begun in the 
convent of Moyne, in Co. Mayo, bv Vx. Nehcmias ()"I )onoghue. By this 
reform the friars parsed from the life oi' llie Cf)nventuals (who held pro])erty, 
took degrees, and wore a different habii) to the stricter rule of the 
Observantine branch This reform was (juiu- xoluntary, embracing only 
those houses which wished to undertake it. .Vniiagh and (iahvay ^CL^m to have 
been almost the last to pass over to the stricter life, for in the year 1532 we 
find an ap[)eal lodged on the 15th March with the .\rchbislu)[) of Armagh oy 
David O'llicrlathy, the Provincial of the Observance, with his brethren, 
against the Master of the Conventuals and his brethren, who still held the 
convents of .Armagh and Calwav.' The A)ina!s o' X(/ui^^/i state that the 
relornied rule began to be introduced in .Armagh in the year 151.S, but the 
full observance was not to flourisli long. I'r Mooney, writing in 1616. savs 
the convent of .\rmagh wa^i destroved in the lair wars," giving no date, 
and N\e cannot, llicrclbre, sav in what \ear tlu- destruction took place ; but on 
the J 7 th ( )(;ol)er. i ^ ^ i, th-e con \ cut was ccitai:il\' out of tiie possession of tlii' 
friars, for Xiciiolas Pagnal writo to Lord Di-i)iity ( 'roft, on that date, asking 
the Dcputv "to [)rovidc m.i^ons ami lahouicrs lor the nniring up of the 
doors and windows of the Irini'v in .\nnagh lor the better hou'^ing and 
saleguartl of the soldiers appointi'd lln-ie to reside."' j-'rom this it would 

1 l.iltl.-. (;i,V ili.u- at Oxfoui. ;; Kr;;. II. t.ivi.ui, |i. . ,. 

1 r,Jr Kc!;. Ar.in.a. . Ja-sur. -t ( '.il. -^I.Tlc I'-ip"-' - 



72 THE FRANCISCANS IN ARMAGH. 

appear that the Franciscan convent at Armagh was included in the four 
hundred suppressed by Henry VIII. in the year 1542.' There is a further 
record in the year 1586, which says : "Armagh, a small village; the church 
and friaries are all broken and defaced."'" Whence we may conclude that, from 
1542 to 1586, the friars were not living in their convent at Armagh. Yet it is 
certain that they were not far away from their old home ; for in 1565, when 
Sir Henry Sidney, the Lord Deputy, was striving to overthrow Shane 
O'Neill, a party of the Queen's soldiers, under the leadership of a certain 
Donald, seized Fr. Roger MacConvill and Fr. Connor Mac Ward. Having 
stripped them of their habits, they flogged them through the streets of Armagh 
until they died beneath the lash,'' on the i6th December, 1565. Ten years 
later, in the seventeenth year of the reign of Queen Elizabeth, "Fr. FergalWard, 
a native of Tyrconnell, a most eloquent preacher, of the deepest humility, loving 
holy poverty above all things, who had laboured earnestly through many 
years in the vineyard of the Lord, was appointed to the Guardianship 
of Armagh about the year 1575, . . . he was seized by the servants of 
Elizabeth, and, without any reverence for his age or for his office, he was 
flogged and beaten black and blue with clubs. The old man all the while 
advised them who beat him to change their ways, but they heeded him not : 
at last when they could do no more they hanged him by his cord on the 
28th April, 1575.""* It was here that the Conventuals accepted the reform 
for all the convents under their jurisdiction, '' " but the reformation was not 
complete until the time of Prince John O'Neill, called O'Neill the Great, and 
at his instance the convent was given up to the Observantines under the 
Provincialship (1587) of Fr. \Valter MacWade (Fr. Solomon being Guardian)." 
The English, in the year 1587, under the leadership of one Donald, spoiled the 
convent and flogged some of the friars whom they caught, the rest having 
escaped. The friars, for all that, continued to live in community in the 
neighbourhood under the protection of the unconquerable prince, Hugh 
O'Neill, l'>arl of Tyrone, who had a most special affection for the brethren 
of the Seraphic Institute. "~ Since his flight from Ireland, the friars, deprived 
of their protector, have been exposed to yet greater danger ; nevertheless, no 
matter where they found refuge, they have always lived in a conventual manner 
under the guardianshi}i of a local superior, and having at least twelve members 
in the community.'' 

Fr. Mooney says that the friars of Armagh were i^rought by Hugh 
O'Neill to a place of greater safety when the wars began, and " the place 
of greater safety " was brantry Friary, situated to the west of the parish of 
("onfeacle, in the barony of Dungannon and county of Tyrone. "A place 

1 3;. llcn. \lll.,c. 3. r, .Mouiiey. 

1 Cal. State PapL-rs, i;ii/. G Aim. AV^?,i,//. 

3 W addiiij; and llueber. 7 Ward. 

4 )!ruodin, p. 427. Wadding say:; 1565. 8 .Mooiiey. 



THE FRANCISCANS IN ARMAGH. 73 

of greater safety " is a name which describes it well, for a safer place could 
scarcely be found anywhere in Ireland. In those olden days the district 
called "The Brantry" was very thickly wooded, the woods stretching along 
the banks of the Ouna, from where they begin to trend southward to their 
meeting with the Blackwater. These woods were older than the memory of 
the men who saw the coming of the friars to Brantry. For many and many 
an autumntide, before these men had learned to remember, the great old 
trees had strewn their leaves with Nature's tidiness over the paths which 
wound around their feet, hiding away the footprints which the sires and 
grandsires of these men had made. The trees of the Brantry were great and 
olden, and in the midst of them there nestled two lakes, the one Brantry 
Lough, the other called Friary Lough, because the Friary of St. Francis stood 
within a hundred yards of its western shore. The Friary Lough was tiny, 
only seventeen acres in extent, but there was water for washing and for the 
garden, and a drink for the convent donkey. Sometimes, too, a stray trout 
from the Ouna made its way thither to sport for a while in the sunlit waters, 
but to rest at last on the friars' table for the Friday. A trout was almost the 
only thing that could come to Brantry Friary. To one standing by the lake 
before the convent, all the world beside seemed to be shut away by the 
mighty woods. From the top of the hill behind the convent, Armagh could 
be seen through the trees, nine or ten miles away to the south east : five miles 
to the north-east the houses in Dungannon were distinctly visible on a clear 
day : on the east, Charlemont Castle stood out ])lainly against the horizon ; 
while to the soulli, like a glistening silver band, the Blackwater shone in the 
summer sunlight, or when the moon enlightened the frosty winter night. 
Brantry Friary was a ([uiet place : tlie world and its turmoil were out of 
earshot and out of sight for the dwellers there : it was The O'Neill's last gift, 
before they became exiles, to the friars, whom they and theirs had always 
cherished, and it was a gift well worthy of su<h ncjblr givers. 

'i"he world, then as now, could push its way to the most hitUlen lu)nies of 
men, and sometimes the world found its way to ISranlry. Tlie seventeenth 
reiitury w.is a time of unrest for the whole of Ireland, and especially for 
Ulster. War followed war almost without a break, and during these tr*)ul)led 
years many a fugitive priest and friar, and many a hunted layman, made their 
wav through the Brantry woods to the shelter and the welcome of the friary. 
In the \CAV 1641 there were six members of the BraiUry eonununitv named 
( )"I,oii^hi;ui (( )'Lacheran). ( )wen ()'\eill, with the le.uling ot'tieers of his 
stall", came hither and sle[)t in the liiaiv f )r a tew hours on the night of the 
13th ol June, Td.]:;. They came' from ( "lones, where they had been defending 
the creaghls. who, while driving their cattle southwards, had been discovered 
by Sir Robert and Sir William Stewart, who attacked them with their 
whole armv. Ivdvlv on the morning of the 1 4th ol' June, (.)"Neill ami his staff set 



74 



THE KRANCISCANS IN ARMAGH. 



out for Charleniont, but they were scarcely beyond the woods when Stewart's 
troopers appeared before the friary searching for O'Neill, who was, however, 
beyond their reach. In disappointment and anger, the}- set fire to the 
friary that day.^ It was summer time, and the friars found shelter and 
safety in the woods around. The fire had done some damage, but the 
convent was not utterly ruined, and after some months, with the help and 
under the protection of the O'Neills, the brethren found themselves back in 
their home once more. Three years later, in June, 1646, there were strained 
ears and anxious hearts in the Friary of Brantry. From the top of the hill 
above the convent the friars were watching from early morning of the 5th of 
June, and as they listened they could hear the cries of the soldiers and the 
noise of the battle, which was being waged by O'Neill and Monroe at the 
ford of the Blackwater, near Benburb. They could see distinctly the smoke 
of the musketry as it arose over the field of battle, but they could not know 
what was being done so near them. Their hearts naturally were with Owen 
O'Neill, and with his cause : he and his race had been their benefactors 
during many centuries ; but there was another reason why their hearts were 
with O'Neill that day. Fr. Boetius Egan was the chaplain to O'Neill's army, 
appointed specially by Mgr. Rinnucini.^ Fr. Boetius had stayed at Brantry 
for two or three days before the battle, and while he stayed he had filled the 
hearts of the friars with some of his own earnestness in the cause he loved ; 
he had made it plain to them that death could not frighten him, or danger turn 
him from the work to which he had set his hand, and they knew well that he 
would be found in the van of the fight that day. History has told us since 
that he was in his place among the soldiers at Benburb ; but the friars of 
Brantry knew not this, and they watched all day and waited for news of the 
fortune of the fight. Stray rumours reached them, which helped only to 
increase their anxiety. It was only after the day had ended, and the gates of 
the convent had been closed, that they learned the true story of the day's hard 
battle. The summer night had fallen soft and silent after the noisy day ; the 
brethren of Brantry had gone to their cells to rest but not to sleep ; it was 
close on midnight when the dogs began to bark ; voices were heard ap- 
proaching through the woods ; the tread of many feet was heard on the gravel 
of the road leading to the convent, and a loud knocking at the gate told them 
that friends and good news were near. The echo of the knocking had not 
yet died away when the gate was opened : they who had been knocking came 
rushing in with a hearty cheer ; then along the walls of the corridor, thirty-one 
colours and one standard, taken from Monroe" that day, were placed in order, 
and Fr. Boetius Egan, covered with the blood and dust he had gathered 
through the fray, told them, by the flickering of a few rushlights, how the ford 

1 yide Journal Ossory Arch. IJoc, vol. Hi., p. 324. 

2 '' I'r. HoPtius Egan, a Franciscan Frier and Oiffinitor Gencrall in the Order, a grave and religious man, 
was conini.inded from my Lord Nuncio to attend that Ulster arniie." Aphorism Discot., No. 209. 
3 Aftliorisin Discor., No. .-jo. 



THE FRANCISCANS IN ARMAGH. 75 

and field had been nobly fought and won. Vr. Henry O'Mellan belonged to 
the Brantry Friary in 1641 and following years : his history of the events 
of the time is among the MSS. of the Royal Irish Academy. 

In 1596, the ruins of the convent of Armagh were of signal service to the 
O'Neills. Hugh placed his son Con in ambuscade there, from which he 
sallied forth and cut to pieces a detachment of English bringing provisions to 
the beleaguered garrison. In consequence of this, the commander, Stafford, 
surrendered the city to the Irish ' In 1620, on the 3rd July, I'rimate 
Hampton received a patent in which the site and precinct of the Franciscan 
Monastery was granted to the See of Armagh.- In the year 167 i, Archbishop 
Oliver Plunket reports : " In the convent of Armagh there are fourteen friars, 
among whom there is only one worth mentioning, named Bonaventure 
O'Quinn, a learned and prudent man, tliough not expert in preaching."' 
Through good and evil days the friars continued to live in or near Armagh, as 
the following list of guardians will show. Ai what time they ceased to live 
there cannot be precisely stated, but in the year 1801 the Primate reports 
that there were no friars living there. ' 

Fr. Alooney gives the first five names mentioned in this list of the 
guardians of the Franciscan Convent of Armagh : 

Peter Hugh, a man of great austerity and holy life. 

Columbanus Hanvil. 

John MuUan, professed in Donegal, studied in Paris, died 16 10. 

Daniel Hekkin, professed in Dcjnegal, studied at S. Anthony's, 

Louvain. 
Fudovicus Cradan, formerly calletl Terence, of the diocese of Armagh, 
received the habit 4th N'()\ ember, 1607 ; died (iuardian of 
Armagh, Sept. 9th, 1610 : a man of great merit ; regretted by all. 
I 6 I f) Henry Hellan, professed at S. Anthoiiv's. Fouvain. 
161 7. I Ienr\- Mellan,' a native of the archdiocese of Armagh : he studied for 
the priesthood at Salamanca, where he C()m[)leted his course of 
divinity, and was ordained for tlie secular mission. After some 
lime, feeling himself cal'ed to a religious life, he repaired to 
Fouvain, where lie was clothed with the hal)it of S. l''rancis, on 
the 1 ith November, 1610, at the College of S. Anthony, of Padua, 
and made his solenui protes--ion 111 the lollowing year. His 
energy and zeal on the mission were well known, and he wa> 
speedily recalled to hi,-. nali\e land lo take part in defending 
his creed. lie wa^ seiit lo several coiivenl-'. chielF m I'lsler. 
In 1617, v,e fmd him ( 'iiianliaii of .\rmagh, and --poken ol as an 
elociuent and practical preacher. On the death ol" Dr. Lombard. 
.Archbishop of Armagh m \''~S- ihiee franciscans were recom- 

1 Mefh.m; //,,;/. /.v, ,i;/ .l/,v;.rv,v,.v,(. i ( .n.'/.'.M.^--'; .l/,-w,'.'>>, vol.iv.. p. i-y . 

1! Klc\c-. . I'ii/!!.i!i:y tiiL- >.iinc who i- in i6i' . 

;; Mui.m : /.;', ,> ( I. /',;./,;,/. 1.. .-. 



J 6 THE FRANCISCANS IN ARMAGH. 

1617. mended for the vacant Primacy : Fr. Hugh MacCawell, who was 

appointed, and Frs. Henry Mellan and Maurice Ultan, or 
O'Donlevy, who are commended in high terms as being wortliy to 
fill the chair of S. Patrick, having toiled during many years in the 
vineyard of the Lord in Ireland, and as being distinguished for 
learning and prudence. Two years later, in 1627, the Provincial, 
Fr. Mathew, selected Fr. JMellan for the grave duty of re-opening 
the old house in Downpatrick, which had lain desolate since 
1570, when John Brereton had burned the convent and 
hanged the friars from the great oak which overhung the J'}?//s 
GloriiC. Fr. Mellan was successful in the task set before him, and 
in 1629 was appointed to the (iuardianship of Drogheda. The 
Chapter assembled in Meelick, Co. Galway, in 1632, to elect a 
Provincial ; the choice fell upon Fr. Mellan, and he set himself 
at once to the great task which was set before him. The 
suppression begun in 1629 had abated, but the ruined schools 
and churches had to be repaired ; the friars gathered from their 
hiding-places into private dwellings, a little less secret ; and this 
had to be done stealthily, gradually, and in fear lest a premature 
or too public step might arouse the attention of the authorities 
and provoke them to renewed suppression. 

No ordinary prudence and courage were needed by the 
Provincial of the time in the discharge of his duties, and Fr. 
Mellan did not fail in his task. Almost all the convents were 
re-opened. ^Vhere they had been demolished, or confiscated, as 
in Dublin and elsewhere, new residences were gained near the 
old sites, and before his term of office was ended, Kr. Henry had 
made good the injuries which the Province had undergone. In 
1633 he erected an entirely new convent at Adare, in C'ounty 
Limerick, not far from the stately pile which, e\-en in its ruin, 
bears testimony to-day to the greatness and liberality of the 
Creraldines. Having ruled the Province for tliree years, Fr. 
Mellan gave up the seals of office to Fr. hLverard in August, 1635 
He was at once appointed Cuardian of Carrickfergus, and while 
there took a great interest in the work of the " Four Masters." 
We find his name in the MS. copy in the Dublin Library, signed 
by him at Carrickfergus, July 2nd, 1637. He passed to his 
reward about the year 1659. 

1629, Fr. lidmund Canan. 

1645. ^''^- Ponaventure Cooney. 

1647. Fr. I'aul O'Neill. 

1650 Fr. Ponaventure Cooney. 

1658. Fr. xMichael Cormley. 

1 661. Fr. Ponaventure Cooney. 

1669. Fr. Owen Laughran. 

1672. Fr. Feli.x O'Neill. 



THE FRANCISCANS IN ARMAGH. 77 

675. Fr. Anthony Daly. 

677. Fr. Anthony O'Xeill. 

682. Fr. Patrick Gorick. 

684. Fr. Anthony O'Neill {iferum). 

688. Fr. Patrick Gorick {bis). 

687 Fr. Anthony Daly {iterum). 

689 Fr. Patrick MacQuirke. 

690. Fr. Anthony Corvan. 

694. Fr. Anthony Corvan {('is). 

697. Fr. Francis MacDonnell. 

699. Fr. Francis MacDonnell {bis). 

700. Fr. John MacCoddan. 

702. Fr. .Anthony Corvan {itcriim). 

706. Fr. Patrick Gorick (iterum). 

708. Fr. Peter Kynan. 

711. Fr. Peter Kynan {iferum). 

714. Fr. Anthony Corvan {iterum). 

757. Fr. John MacCoddan. 

760. Fr. Francis MacCann {iterum). 

763. Fr. John MacCoddan {iterum). 

767. Fr. Francis MacCann {iterum). 

770. Fr. John O'Hanlon {iterum). 

772. Fr. Francis MacCann {iterum). 

773. Fr. Eugene Brady. 
778. Fr. Dominic MacGrath. 
779 Fr. l^dmund Druiiiniond. 

781. Fr. Francis .Maclviernan. 

782. Fr. Stephen Keenan. 
785. Fr. Patrick Quin. 
788. Fr. Bernard Quin. 

790. Fr. John MacCoddan {iterum). 

791. Fr. Francis O'Xeill. 
793. Fr. Bonaventure Stuart. 

796. Fr. Bonaventure Stuart {bis). V\. Stuart \va-> elected Provincial in 

1804, and seems to ha\e been the last guardian who resided 

in Armagh or the vicinity. 

" The ruins of the old Franciscan l-Viary are situated in the demesne ol 

the Primate.' .V burying-ground formerlv existed, but seems never to have 

been enclosed. I could only discover two inscribetl stones otan iuiimi)ortant 

character, dated 1741 and 1753. The old ruin is now almost covered with 

ivy, and does not seem to have been ol an im[)osing charader." " 

This seems to be all that is to be said of the l'"ranciscan> in .\rinagh. 
The ivy creeps over the ruined and mouldi'ring walls, aiul the memory of 
those who once dwelt therein has almost [)erished torever. 

1 Sc! vol. ii., p. 9", in .i p.ipfr by Willi.im 1'.. K'i.;fr'. where there U ;i:i iliustr.ilMii ul ll:c riiiri~. 
J \'i:c')rs : .Mentor, of :,'i,' n,-ad, vol. iii., p. :o2. 



THE 



STEWARTS OF BALLINTOY 

WITH NOTICES OF 

OTHHR FAMILIES OF THF DISTRICT 



IN THE 
SEVENTKENTI I CENTURY. 



By THE Rev. GEORGE HILL. 



COEERAIXE: 
JOFE\ M'COMBIE, 7, MEETING-IIOUSE-STREET. 



1S65. 



^hc Stewarts of Ballinto^. 

( Co7ithmed from page 2j.) 

" OiU of monuments, traditions, jirivate recordes, fragments of stories, passages of 
hookes, and the like, we doe save and recover somewhat from the dehige of time." Bacon^s 

Adi'nncerneut of Learning. 

[The extreme scarcity of this pamphlet the writer's first work renders a reprint most desirahle. A few 
notes and some corrections have been made under the guidance of the Re\-. tleorge Hill, who is able to 
re\ise the proofs of a work written by him thirty-five years ago. Km lOR.] 

S soon a.s it was known that the Insurrection had 
commenced in other parts of the kingdoin, the 
inhabitants of the Route, Roman Catholic and 
Protestant, were instantly inflamed with a horrible 
fear and suspicion of each other. The excitement 
was learfuUy increased by Archibald Stewart 
announcing })ublicly, on a Sunda\- at Church, in 
Dervock, that the Insurrection was in progress, 
and would soon overwhelm his neighbours. In a day or two afterwards, the 
Irish on the Western side of the Bann, rose e?i f/iasse, and Stewart's regiment 
was marched to Portnaw to prevent the insurgents from crossing into Antrim. 
Two companies of this regiment were Highlanders and Irish, one commanded 
by Allaster MacDonnell, and the other by Tirlough Oge O'Cahan, of 
Dunseveric. On the night of the 2nd of January, 1641, these companies 
both deserted, and fell upon their brother soldiers whilst the latter were asleep, 
slaying them all but a few, who were saved by their Irish friends. This act 
thoroughly initiated the insurrection in the Route. The insurgents in County 
Derry forthwith crossed the Bann under a leader named John Mortimer, and 
united their forces with those of Allaster MacDonnell and Tirloujih Oiie 







THE STEWARTS OK BALLINTOY. 79 

O'Cahan. From Portnaw they marched to the residence of Sir James 
MacDonnelV ^vho dwelt at the \'o\v, in the parish of Finvoy. They were 
there joined by such of his tenants as were able to carry arms, and also by 
the tenants of Donnell Gorm MacDonncll, of Killoquin, in the parish of 
Rasharkin.'- In the meantime, the Irish inhabitants on both sides of the 
Bann, fearing Archibald Stewart, and such soldiers as he could collect in the 
absence of MacDonnell, O'Cahan, and Mortimer, assembled in multitudes, 
with their wives and children, burned a little town which then stood at the 
Cross, near Ballymoney, and afterwards burned Ballymoney, slaying all the 
British inhabitants they could lay hands on without distinction of age or sex. 
Thus, the mere mob, frightened and frenzied by the prevailing excitement, 
did actually much more damage to life and property than the regularly 
organized forces of the insurgents. 

The records of these sad events have been published.' The originals are 
preserved in a large Manuscript Volume of Depositions, lettered Antrim 
( F. 3, 9. 1562), belonging to the Library of Trinity College, Dublin. From 
this curious volume we shall make a few extracts ; but, in addition to these, 
it may be mentioned that the following documents form jiart of its contents, 
and refer es[)ecially to affairs throughout the Route during tiie year 1641-2 : 

1. The Examination of (lildutr O'Caliaii. cif I)un.>cvoric. in which ho s;i\s that lie and 
Archibald Stewart kept the peace in the Route, and that his son. Tirlough Ui;e, ami Sir 
James MacColl MacDonnell [jlotled the desertion and mas-.aere at I'oiinaw. It uiil thus he 
seen that the son joined the insurs^ents, whilst the lather, who\\a^a .M.iLjistrate ot the County, 
remained, for a lime at least, on the side of the (io\ernmeiU. 

2. The Examination oi Jirian ilotldere Macli. (J'Cahan. who tied over the Bann from 
terror of the IJrilish, in 1641 ; had previously resided in the Moule ; afterwards got lands 
h'om the Earl (jl Antrim, and served as lieutenant under (_)w\'n Riie O'Neill. He staled thai 
the massacre at i'ortnaw was perpctr.ited h)' his hrother-indaw and Alla>ter .MacCoU 
MacDonnell. and that he saw the Irish iiurn Diuduce Castle. In ttiis latter statement, 
however, he was mistaken. The Irish huiaed the town which then >tood on the other >ide 
of the road opposite Dunluce Castle, hut the}' eoidd not sci/e the castle, which w.is dele'ided 
by a small garrison under lieutenant I 'igb}. ' 

j. The Examination of Donnell (lorm .MacDonnell. wlio stated that .AUaster .MacDon- 
nell and Tirlough Oge U'Cahan, who had comni.md ol t wo comp.mies in .\rchibald Stewart's 

1 Tlii-, nicmliL-r .>t" the ClamloiUK-lI wa- ill,- .s,,n ..fC .!1, uh , u-.i.. ih.- -on ..f Aiox.ui.i.-r, iho lca<icr of .ui 
insurroclion in 1014. whu \v.i~ eklL-^t -on .ifSir |.inu-~ of 1 )u:ilu' . lifttf-r kni>\wi Kv hii -uni.uiic of N.i H.uin.i, 
or. ''of the l;.i!i:i," poi^-uiiea in inii, who um-'iIk- .. ,n ..1' >.U-v I'.-.y. ..n^l hrn. . '.,;cikt.i ly known also .is Sir 
JaiiR-s M,i.:So;le\-. 'I'hc \'> > at the incscir <l.iy is iho n.ini'- >.r .1 sin.iil \ ill.i,;c. lu-.ir 10 whirli is ,1 rirciilar 
.;ra\f->-.in!. ilo-e lo llic l?,uin-fcrr\-. 

2 "NhiU- knoun luuit-r ihc t", inn Kin\(|iiin, a- ihi- ?:.iiin'>if .m e-l.t!e c . .iii.iinin,; thirtcrn lou-nlanii~. in liie 
\V,,-.tcnii.art ..f Ra-iiarkin iiari.h. In ihr j. .iini.il , .f IMk-Umi ( ) .Nnih hy h:. .. ii.ii.lain. O McUm. llie ii.iiiK- 1- 
written (V)////;-'.o/. ihr Woo.l nfOCoim. In I'-p I r ^nivU I m.i ni Ma ; I )onii' 11 rcM<!.-,! line. Tin., tnrilorv 
-ecnist,. have incUuhM K.isharkin an 1 ihe Ton; ; u n. t Ci.n.:-. Keesei's l-\. I. .\h:i,; ;.. \^ ;;i. DonaKi 
Corm MaoDonnel . who reM^le.l here, u.i. .ipp. li:,:. .; ;,, i, V: Mahvr.iO.le I'.r i;ie lri~h, aivi w.i. sl.nii in ee.- at 
I'.leiiiii.uuiney. Coimu- D.ine.z.il. Hi- re-i-hei- .ii Kih-'iem m l<.,-.h.n kin w.i- .. , :ipi,-,l .i' .out .i 1 .-ntniy 
later hy the last I. on! Slane. who wa-. relate i t.th- \':;irii laniilv. .m.l w.i. inieiiea in llieir vault at 
llun-iia-iiiai-ie. lii- lioiisc, in the t. iw il.m ', -: Viitr . K..-:., 11 kin. w.is ,s eupus! hv .i tanner ii.inusi 
Walkee. H 1-. . laughter. M.LrvHle- Klein-u. niaoe'l ..n :e; M : :c P'-r.> ei naine>l I- eli\ ( H' ein->r , an i at his 
le.ith she wa- ohlue^l to ijive lip ilie h .n-e m A'lti^ . r. .sh.- .>tt-i -.v .irJs hvcii at the vili.ue .! (.1.11,;-, until her 
s.jii, wh.. had Inline to Aiiiei-i .1. s.-nt fnr ine. >:e-.:irl the-e ahout th- year 1 - -,. Hei s, , , u.i- the rcprc- 
seiitati\e , if the proud I )e Klemin^, wire earn-- t > Ii.e.i;; ; -.wVa Sii John de C'onrey I 

W Thi. period has keen dealt with in .1 w,.,k .f 1 ;:,e. M,>. Deniell, M.K. //;, T.i.Vr (V:;V \\\,r ..r 
1641. Duljlin : M. H. (.ill ,V Son. i;;,. AKo m y\v.-. \\v ^^m -. hc:.in.i ni ihr S,-r.-Ht,;->itk i cntwy. 

\ The town of Ilunhiee niu--t It.ive heen of ..onie im- .t.i:- -. > int.iiinn.; it^ " .M.ii, hauls," most .,f huii. 
no doule. uere Si ,.ilish s.-tiiris lu tile d,,L\ s ,>: ihe erst 1 ,e k lo 1 le- ( 'nu- . ii % ,i-d .0 Iiunnre iheti' .ue inan\- 
reni.irk.ikle loiiihst: iiies, \\:\\< h, howt\' r, wn. .. ;'uk\ ,;;veu ,11 1 the ,irius ikusti.itcd in a -y: .s,-,pn:ui luunhcr. 



8o I'HE STEWARTS OK IIALLINTON'. 

rejjiment, were the chief aclors in the miissacre at Portnaw. This witness, also, gives a 
lengthened statement of llie proceedings of Allaster MacUonnell after that occurrence. 

4. The Kxaniination of Fergus Fullerton, of 15illy, who stated, among many other 
matters, that the Irish -in Archibald Stewart's regiment murdered Cajitain Glover's whole 
company. 

5. The Examination ol Henry MacIIenry (O'Neill), who mentions Thomas Boyd, 
Archibald Boyd, William Fullerton, Allaster MacDonnell, and others. 

Whilst the Irish were burning the village of Cross and the town of 
Ballymoney, the regularly disciplined force, which had deserted from 
Archibald Stewart, was led by the two MacDonnells, James and Allaster 
MacCoU, against the Castle of Clough, defended by Walter Kennedy.' After 
the capture of this place, James MacDonnell wrote the following letter to 
Archibald Stewart, whom he addresses as cousin, and who must have been in 
Coleraine when he received it. This letter is preserved in the MS. volume 
already mentioned, at F. 3. 9. 3402 : 

" Cossen Archebald, I receaved your letter, and, lo tell the truth, I was ever of that 
opinion, and soe was the most of all these gentlemen ; that your ownc selfe had no 
in you ; but certainly had I not begun when I did, I and all these gentlemen, with my wiffe 
and children had been utterly destroyed ; of which I gott intelligence from one that heard the 
plott a layinge ; and those captains of yours (whom you may call rather cowboyes) were, every 
daye, vexinge ourselves and our tennants, of purpose to pick quarrells which noe flesh was 
able to indure ; and judge you whether I had reason to prevent such mischefe ; And I vow 
to the Almighty, had they not thus forct me, as they did many others besides me that would 
rather hang than goe on as they did, I would stick as fum to your sitle as any of yourselves ; 
though I confesse it would be the worse thinge lor me and mine that ever I sawe. To speak 

1 This gentleman was the representative of the family o. Renncdy, which then held a highly respectable 
position in the Route. He was pl.acea hastily in command ol a small garrison in the Castle of Clough, but 
there was no time to get his force disciplined or provisioned against a siege. When the insurgents arrived, 
Kennedy was summoned to surrender by Henry tJ'Neill, who had also joined them in their march on Clough. 
K.enneuy replied that he would never surrender lo an O'Neill the castle which belonged to the .MacDonnells. 
It was true that the whole district, with its castle, was included in the .Antrim instates, and this reply pleased 
Allaster .MacDonnell so much, that he came forward and swore to Kennedy b}' the cross on his sword that if 
the castle were quietly given up, the garrison would be permitted lo pass out m safely, everyone taking with 
him whatever property he had brought there. This was (juite as much, and even more than Kennedy 
expected, and therefore he surrendered, being unable to resist with any prospect of success. 

The family of Kennedy is of Irish origin, but was among those who emigrated to the .Scottish coast at a 
very early period. The district ot Carrick, in Ayrshire, seems to have been almost exclusively occupied by 
Kennedys in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, and, indeed, at a much earlier period. Jn a curious 
description of Carrick, written by William Abercrumie, minister of Alinibole (.Maybole), about the middle of 
the seventeenth century, there is the following passage : "The inhabitants ol this countrey (Carrick) are of 
ane Irish originall, as appears both \>y their n;iiiies being generally all Macs ; 1 mean the vulgar ; their hills 

are knocks, their castles .Ards The Kennedies continue still to be both the most numerous and 

most powerful clan, liesiaes the l-.arl of Cassiles, their chiefe, there be .Sir Oilbert Kennedy, of (iirvanmains. 
Sir Archibald Kennedy, of Colarne (now Col/ean), Sir Thomas Kennedy, of Kirkhill, Kennedy of lieltersan, 
Kennedy of Kilherque (now Kilkenzie), Kennedy of Kirkmichael, Kennedy of Knockdone, Kennedy of 
Clenour, Kennedy of Jiennan, Kenneily of Carlock, and Kennedy of Druinmellan, But this name is under 
great decay, in comparison of what it was ane age ago, at which tyine they flourished so in power and 
number as to give occasion to this rhyme - 

' "J'wixl Wigtown ami the town oi .Aire, 

And laigh doun by the Cruves of Cree, 

\'on shall not get a lodging there, 

l^xcepl ye court a Kennedy.' " 
The feuds among the various powerful branches of this great tainily contributed more than any other cause to 
bring " the name under great decay." These feuds had become particularly llerce, and of very frequent 
occurrence at the beginning of the seventeenth century, and, no doubl, induced or compelled one branch at 
least, viz., the Kennedys of ISalsaragh, in the parish ol Kirkoswald, to seek a ([uieter home on the Irish 
shore. 'I'hey held lands in Turnarobert, near llie village ol .Vrino>, .and at llall>loughbeg, now IJallylough, 
in the parish of Billy. Walter Kennedy resided at the former place, and -Anthony Kennedy at the latter. 
These lands, which were helil of the Crown by Knight .s service, were alien.ited lo the first I'^arl of .Antrim, in 
1635, as appears by an Ulster Iniiuisition. In the old burying-ground of Hilly, near l-!iislimills, there is still 
preserved an elaborately sculptured tonibst<jne, with the Kennedy arms, whicli will be given in a subsequent 
number. It is curious that the tenant of this old grave, although residing in llallylough at the time of his 
death, seems to have preferred being known, even on his tombstone, as of lialsaragh, his .Scottish home, in 
Kirkoswald. On the lir>t of August, 1625, another .\ntony Kennedy, probably a son of the gentleman now 
mentioneil, died at llallylough. i hese Kennedys freijuenlly intermarried with the JMoores, after coming to 
settle on the Antrim coast. .Among the .Moores, the Christian name CJuintin seems to have been in frequent 
use at that period. 



THE STEWARTS OF-' RAI.I.INTOV. 8l 

to you really the trulli and the true information of the whole kingdome, upon my creditt I 
now do it, All the whole kingdome in generall are of our side except Dublin whoe hath 20000 
men about it, in leager of it, if it be not now taken ; Drogheda whoe hath l6oo men about it 
and are these ten days past eatinge of liorse-flesh ; Carrickefergus, Coulraine, and my lord of 
Claneboys, and my lo. of the Ardes ; iliis is the trutli on my rrcdit ; ballemeanagh, Antrim, 
and all the garrisons between this and Carrickefergus are all tied to Carrickefergus: soe that 
it is but a folly to resist what Cod pleeseih to hap]ien ; but certainly they'will have all Ireland 
presently whatever time they keep it. Vdu may truly inform my friends in Coulraine that 
I would wish they and if they yield me the towne it sliall be good for them 

and me, for tlie !)0()ty shall be mync, and they shall be sure of good <|rtrs., for I will send for 
all the Raghlin boates to Portrush and from tlianes (thence) send all the jK'ople away into 
Scotland wch, if it be not done before Sir I'iielim is [his] army comes to the towne, who 
comes tlie next \seek thousand men and ]iiere of Artillery; All my desire of 

doing them good will be to no piiipose. iherefoic send nie word wlial you doe therein ; as for 
both your houses tlicy shall be >;Ue, am! soc should all the houses in the country if they 
would be persuaded by nie ; The (~)I(Kio\\ e [01ds;one. now Clough] was rendered me. and 
all they within had good ([uarters, only the Chiiidehajes souldours and the two regiments 
from beyon the ban were a little greedy for pillaginge. which could not be heljtt; As for 
killinge of women none of my souldiers dare doe it ii for liis life, but the common people that 
are not under rule doth it in s])ight of or teeth ; but for your ]ieopIe they killed of women and 
children and old people about ;; score-AIy I,o: and l.ady are gone to Slain to whom I 
liave sent : tell my bror. Hill and Mi. I)arwicl<.e that their peojile are all in good health, 
but in my o\sn company. -I desire \i)U not to stirrout of that til! I be neere you 

niyselfe, for fear you should fall in the hands of the seaven hundre(l I have in the lower part 
of the country, whoe would give you noe ipiarter at all, b-ut when I have settled thinges here, 
)'ou may come to me N'ourselfe. and 3'our dearest friends to a lew, and the rest to transport 
them with the rest into .Scotland ; as for goinge again the king, we will dye sooner or mv 
Lo: of .\ntrim either but their only aime is to lia\e their religion settled and e\eryone his 
own ancient inheritance; thus wishinge you to take my coim.sell which I protest tf) Cod 
I will give you as realh' as to myself, and haveing the hope of your beleavinge me herein, 
I rest )Our very loveinge coussen still, " Kmks MacDonnki.I.. 

' l'"rom the Catholick Campe at Oldstowe. the II of [an. 1641." 

Sir James MacDonncll refers to the departure of Lord Antrim and his 
wife, the Diiehess of Ikickinghani, iVom tlieir Castle of Dunluce. His 
Lordship's indecision had involved him in serious difficulties, and at times 
he knew not to what party he nu'L;;ht trust for ])rotection. Accompanied by 
his Duchess he I'lrst went to Slane ("astle, coiuity Meath, then the residence 
of the n.ineteenth Lord .Slanc, who had married the ladv Anne MacDonnell. 
L<jrd .\ntrim"s sister. I'Vom S'ant; they WL-r^ soon ohliijed to remove to 
.NLiddenstown, in Kildare, the residence of the Larl of Castlehaven. 

'The writer of the foregoiiiL:; letter was not only related to Arcliihald 
Stewart, Init evidenth' lived on verv intimate terms with him as a neighhoiu".' 

1 riirr.- u-,Mr inlcrniairi:ims. .,n i. i ii~' . luintl v. i.-!at: ui-!;;,'^ '"-I'.m-, n ili.' ( ) Haras. ( )'( 'ali.uis, Sl.- warts. 
Ma, Ih-nrvs. Ma-.-is. ()( Jiiins, ONrills. ..nd Ma.H, iii-lls. liH .r i.lali. n-liip, ui-r<- c.iiisi.irr.-iMv mnltipl'cd 
'V the TiiaV,i.m,-s ,,t tlir I'lCc , !aii.;l.fi s , f ( alii!! ( 1 ll.ea . -i \ i!_lui:i:.- ' His rMrst .laiuliu-r w.is m.irricdu. 

Art O-e OX, ill. <if ut,..i,i ili.' tai.iilv . I >lian.- (..>;' .e ^ .! n. :.,!. His -rr^'-ul (laiiclurr was mnrrit-ii to 

I'h.-liin ( I N.-iU. -I wl,,iin Iti-ii. !i r.i,;i ( i \'-i'; i, . ,,;,. liis i!,ai! <'.u: j!,i.i u.,s m.irMrd t.i C.ilhluir O'eal.an, 
1.1' lUinsc\-.-!ir. His I', Mirth eaii.lii. r lo I Iim -h .'. .1!. ' I -.: 'a\ an I in Ihil.-l. Am! his tilth ,!,<iii;ht.-r to ..nr 
.il'thr Ma.H.-iir\-., ,.rih.- It.ein si,;../ (1 : MS .'.-.'. ' 1 .' : K.7'. /. M,i. A ' ."'.w. < u> ,i:r ,'f / ,iy./. 
."/.( i,, //,,/.,>,,>,,.> ,./ .'/;, A',-. . ( .,;,.> >; /' iff-. ' / , w. i I Iv r.Hl . r h.is I , icil t.M !>t.-lin | ms-essioii of this 
.MS. for olh.-r iiiii;>,.s,.s ; s, , l.,r. ualhu;! sii, , .s-. ( .. . ..v ;,.,.:. r ,,~<,isl him ! 

hh.' Sic-wails .,r r.iit.- .ni.l r..r,!i;.I..v, .hioM.; m , iiv x .: s .eur thr vciilrni.-iit of tli.- Jatl.-r , n this roast. 
kf].! ali\c thrir l.iiniK- . .MiMrxiiii 1:\- rr. i;Mo. ,1 \isiis ..;': . . . .o-i .y,.i| iM.-rniarna.;(s. Il is ,11 r i. .Us to ol .stT\ . 
how comi.hu-lv th.- MarOuillins nr.;sl hiv 'rm su.;.! .e.v.vfroin ihc K..nt.- hv Kan. hill M.io I ),,ni,rll. 
assisted, it is s.ii.l. hv th" P .w,-h,l , ..|:.i^a.. .' < f I.e:- si. Of ih- unilrv . ! ...s thr. U4I1 'lit that .lisOirt. at 
ih- r,ninr. ...,,,. nl o' ,h.- .-i,;)!!...-!! h . utn.v. i.'t .'::- ' 1! sien.unc ..!" M.,. 1 hahin is 1., ]., ..unii ' 

The I Vll.i-a- ..f Art :! .,!.' C.v.;- ..o ' a > ]. ^'r..: ^' i , . t" ,-. :" v . '" h. t ri.m r. u hirl, , laiins 



82 THE STEWARTS OF BALLINTOY. 

I'his letter was written in reply to one he had received, and is highly creditable 
to Sir lames MacDonnell, as expressing anxiety for the safety of his friends, 
although opposed to him, and also regret that he felt himself compelled to 
join the insurrectionary movement. He disclaims in the strongest language, 
and, no doubt, with entire sincerity, any design of cold-blooded massacre on 
the part of those under his control, but laments the impossibility of preventing 
his followers from the perpetration of such foul deeds. He mentions an 
instance in which about sixty women and children were massacred by 
Stewart's party, but evidently never thinks of making his friend responsible 
for this inhuman act. Indeed, he writes under the impression that he and 
his family and friends had a narrow escape from some plot laid for their 
destruction, and that he owed his escape to the fact of his striking promptly, 
and striking first.' 

As his letter failed to produce the desired impression, and, as the insurgent 
army had been considerably augmented at Clough, the Irish leaders resolved 
to march on Coleraine. Stewart, in the meantime, had collected a second 
force, with which he came out from Coleraine to meet the insurgents. The 
opposing forces met at a place called the Laney, about a mile from Bally- 
money, where a desperate conflict took place. The English and Scotch, 
commanded by Stewart, were utterly defeated, and, as no quarter was asked 
or given, only three hundred escaped, whilst six hundred were slain in the 
engagement and retreat. This battle was fought on Friday, the nth of 
February, 1642, New Style, and such was its disastrous results to the 
Protestants and Presbyterians, that the day on which it occurred was spr)kfn 
of for many generations afterwards in the Route as Black Friday. - 

After gaining such a decided advantage at the Laney. the insurgent leaders 

and lias its claim allowed, to be descended from OilioU Oliim. Kin^ of .Munster, in the third century. 
Cha les O Hara, above-mentioned, was the seventh in descent from Ciiconaclit O'Hara, who was the son of 
Hugh O'Hara, who was seventh in descent from Mafinus, son of Kadhra, or Kara, who was fifteenth in 
descent fnm Cormac, the great grandson of Oilioll Oium, of the race of Heber. Charles O'Hara owned ail 
the lands of Loughguile. in the Kotite and T.agg.'inlie, in Crebidy. In it'o'^, he rec?i%ed an adciiuonal grant 
from James I., being warmly recomniemled bv Randall MacDonnell, wh; se fami;y interests in the Route hail 
been always steadily sunportetl by theO'Haras. Charles O'Hara died in i6_^Q, and his heirs lost their entire 
possessions in I.oughgiiile by the insurrection, which commenced in 1*^41, and continue<i until 1652. The 
matrimonial conne.\ions firmed bv his five daughters sufficiently indicate his high social jiosition in the county. 
The ()'Haras, in all their branches, were among the most acti\e of the lri>h insurgents in the Route, 
during 1*141. After the surrender of Clough Cattle, many women and children, who had been permitted by 
the MacDonnells to go safely away to Larne. were foilowel and massacred, on the b.anks of the Glenravt-I 
W.iter. by a party under the command of a son of a Hugh O H.ara, aid. no doubt, connected with sf me 
of the families cfthat name then so numerous in the parishes of I.oughguile and liailymoncy. Sfe M\SA-!i- 
tm'iis History, ^ni Edit../'. 46. The present I'ishop of Cashel and Watcrford, formerly Dean of I'elfast, 
whose father was rector of Coleraine, is of this family. 

1 It would be difficult now to discover who " lirother Hill and Mr. H.arwick " were, farther than that 
they h;id probab'y resi.iel in tht! neighbourhood with the writer, and h.i.l gone iato Coleraine for protection. 
The first settler n.imeii Hill in that district was John Hill, of .Mtneanum. near li.allycastle, who died in itno. 
and was buried in R.amoan old church-yard. From him came the numerous families of the same surname in 
Rainoan. and also the Hiils of P.allinderry, Banbridge, and l-iellaghy Castle. 

i The following extract, from a I.i'e of I'.i-hop I'edell, written by his steps n. and generally known as the 
Clogy MS., contains a vivid. Init somewhat exaggerated acccuin: of this b.utle : 

" The Scots then, throughout all the whole pro\ince of Ulster, wl:ere they were most numerous, betook 
themselves to holds, leaving all the open country to the enemy. For the tirst attempt of Coll Kittach 
(.\llaster .MacColl), h.<d so frighted them that they thought no m.in was able to stand before that son of Anak. 
In his first encounter, at the lead of a few Irish Highlanders .and some of .Xntrim's Irish Rebells, that were 
brethren in evil, against eight hundred Knglish and Scotch, h.aving commanded his munierers to lay do\n all 
their fii-e-arms, he fell in among them with swords and durks or scanes, in such a furii'US and. irresistible 
mant-.er, that it w;i> reporte'! n<i; a man of them escaped of all the eight hundre-i 1 



THE STEWARTS OF BALLINTOY. 83 

divided their forces, the larger portion, commanded by Allaster MacColl, 
proceeding to invest Coleraine, whilst the remainder, under fames MacColl 
and others, were ordered to seize Hallintoy Castle, Dunluce Castle, and the 
town of Ballycastle, all on the coast. As a preliminary to the attack on 
Ballintoy, James MacColl MacDonnell addressed the following letter 
(t^- 3- 9- 3404) to certain country gentlemen who had hastily collected a small 
force, and placed it in the castle at that town : 

Loveinge ffricnds if soe you please I thought l;oo(1 to informe you of the folly you 
undertake in bringinge yourselves to ruyne where you may (juieily and without trouble worke 
the wave of your safety, in taking of faire (juarter for yourselves, your wives, and children, as 
others have done that were in greater safety, and were better able to sul)^ist than you are ; 
where likewise you are not in any case like lo receave any sucror from any place, for those of 
Coulraine arc strictly besieged on both sids and by reason of their great diseases and dearth 
of fire and corne doe daily dye ajiaee. besids many wer ilayly cutt off them by sixes, eights, 
fifteens, and the last daye killed and drowned 20 at once : and they have not left above a 
verie few musketts in the whole lowne. by that ihe\- lost in the great conflict. Anntrim is 
besieged and all your people soe many as was left are gun to the Clanaboys though I confess 
that part was not caused by our valour, so thai upjxin my ereditt your state is ill unless you 
take cjuarter, which you shall fairly have as I have ilone with Diuihice which is to sett them 
a booty and to suffer all such as pleaseth to depart freel)- and such as w ill stay to live in the 
country with some such gentlemen in the country as they w ill chuse to be with hereafter, 
wch if freely you will take I vow before God lo perfornie by the grace of Jesus Christ. And 
of all men I would wish Mr. Fullertoii' lo take it if the rest doe not. for I had direction 

1 The Kullartons, who weie an inlliieiuial f^uiiily in the- Rome, caint- from the Scotlish island ot' Arran. 
and settled oil the .\ntrim coast aljont the same time as tlic .Stewarts and Dnnlops. They were originally a 
Xorweyian race, known as Mac I. eosaigh, who settled in Arran. at the close of the eleventh century, when 
that island, with se\-eral others, was ccdeii by Maelkolf, Kin- of S. otland, to Magnus Ik-rfact, Kinj; of 
Norway. In 1266, Arran and the otlier isles were surrender<-d, or restored attain to Scotland; bin, in the 
inter\al. the families that formerly occupied them had almost all disapjieared to make room lor settlers from 
Xorway. Amoni; the latter were the Mac Leosai>;!i, whose n^Line in .Nrran had become Maclouis, Macleod, or 
Maclowe, and whose representative was styled Maclouis of I'oularlow n. Accorilin)^ to a prevalent custom in 
Scotland, the family name Macleod was dropp.-d. and Foidertoiin or Kullarton. ilie name of the lamily 
property, was adopted in its stead. A member of this family distinynislied himself by his devoted adherence 
to Robert Druce during the most trying periods of that monarch's career. When liriice landed on .Xrran from 
the isl.md of Kaghery, in the .Spring of 13(^6-7. Maclouis (ir Full.uton became hi-- guide, .n.d endiarked with 
him to Carrick, from a place stid known as K.inc,cross. on tli- north of Whiting Hay, in Arran. For his 
faithfid ser\ ices, King Robert I'.iuce afterwards granted I'nllart'Ui the huuU i>f Kilmichael, and the 
crownership of Arran, in heritage. The line.d des,;eiida!it .if Fidlarion wa^ C'ai.Iain .\rchib.ild Fullart..n. 
of Kilmirb.iel, parish of Killiri.le. isl.md of An.ui, wh . li.p! in lii^ posses>ion the several charters 
granted 10 his fainilv since the cb se ol the fouiteenlh cr-ili;rv. i he^r cuiious old documents recoril 
the following grants iT, Ibe fandlv : 'In i;.i, Kiig Km'ci! I 1 I., gi anl.d, n, Fergus ..f Foulertoun. of .\r.aie, 
the lands of Fniwlionn\ ne, in the ioidsbip of Ai.iiie and Sli..riir.i..:ii . ,:' j'.uie, of the old extent of two m.irk^ 
sterling yearly, lor y. arly payment of ,,n peiui\ ^ if ^i \ er in :be 1 .un. ol H.i iirbfenne. at th - King^ Castle ol' 
I'.retlnvic, oil the le.ist ol I'enteiost. 0114...,, tile ^.iiuekiiig i oi,!i:ii,.-d 10 |ohn of Foidertoini, lb.- son and 
heir ..filej <lece:isr<l. Fereliard (or Fer.;;:- ) : !.. l.ouK of k ii: -n.i' b.iei. in tin- F.iili.irv of .\ran. lo^, iher with 
the ollic- oi crowner of thai b.dliary, -.v liii b b.io.n .;ril n, feuicud in benta^.-, \uv the UMial servi,:es. In i.(.-- 
vr t.[2 '. King Jaiii' s I., i^oufn im-.! i>:i' . b.u n-r oi i 1 > -. I'l i ;. i 1 , lin- two 111,11 k'.inds of Ki mei hall with the 
crownerdiip of' Aiane, and the tuo iiiai'kl.iniU oi' Foil. md or I r.i. |i,,m,ok-, uire r<---i'-;iied with reservation of 
tin- lil'eieiH b\ .Man Fowlartoune or M:,. lo\\e. am! v, i-i r 41 .uio d b\ laii.e-. jail of Ar.nie. in heritage to 
Fergu- Fowl.irlonne ibe son and b.-ir o! Al.ini. In 1 , 1. 111. oiiin' I ..11 1' .;i .iiifd .1 ]>ie. rpt of seisin of tlie lour 
mark land-, o'd exleiii of Kv!in\-.ii'li niid l.liib vif i:;-:.iiMi. in tin- I. iiidom of AiraiU'. .ind of ;he otlice ol 
cro'.uier of the .aine. in f.!\oin- of'A'.-x.iiidrr. I'lir i, i^b.-w .1110 b.-ir of ibe .!,- a-- i Alan Ma.lowe or Foiilei - 
loiiiie, bodied seized in the s.onr at tin- I'.d'b.o,! pc.-,, > ol' :li.- King. 1 11 1 -, ' . .Ale N.iiid.-r b'.iw lertonne of 
K\ii;:\rlud, . rouiicr of ibe Me ol \r.-u., ga\e ~. 1 i,of;hc 1 o iii..rkl,iirK ol K\ iniy. be! lor lit'.- lo Maig.iiet 
fan i'-i li.r virginilw and the In ii-. lo ],r br^oinn in conj-iii. 1 li.rrliinent beivveen llu-iii. .\boin i ;; '. 
Kill- lame- \'l.'. coi.Virimd the , b,,r:.r of Killeinivli.'. ^r.uit. d iiii.,o by K,,bei t I 1 1 . Inio,.. lame-. F.ul 

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84 



THE STF.WARTS OK KAI.TJNTOY. 



from Mr. Thorn : Ogc O'Xealc, Governor of the County of Armagh, to send him and his 
family, to his bro. Maxwell whoe lives in his owne house as quietly as ever he was, only that 
his church benefices is taken from him, and so is his brother Ecklin too. Thefore gentlemen 
for abaydinge further bloodshead, of wch I vow I have noe desire if I could helpe, I would 
;idvise you to take this fairc proffer or else blame your own obstinacy and not us; for be 
sure we will liave our wills of you at last when it will be too late for you to cry 
/'t'ciiz'/ : If you take this fairc proffer, I will to-morrowe goe to you and conclude, if not I will 
be to you as you will be to nie well wold wish to be yor friend, 

" Iamks MacDonneli.. 
" For the gentlemen in Ballinloy, Mr. Will. 

Fullerton, Archd. I'oyd, Thos. Boyd and 

the rest, these."' 

George, John, and Alexander were names in frequent use .nniong less distinguished members oi the family in 
subsequent times. There are yet many respectable families, principally amonij the farmer classes, in the 
Route, bearing the name of Fullerton, and it is ciuious that in some instances, even to the present time, the 
names Macloy and Fullerton are synonymous words among them In one instance a man ca'led Fullerton 
by his neighl'Ours was known in the rent-office only as Macloy I Probably, an ancestor of the latter surname 
owneil the farm before the more modern name of Fullerton had been so generally adopted. 

The man named William Fullerton, who assisted in 1641 to hold the Castle of Ballintoy against the 
insurgent Irish, is reported to have left a large family. Several of his descendants in the eighteenth century 
were well known. One of them, also named William Fullerton, married Rose .Montgomery, of Moyarget, and 
the late William Hill ofthesanieiiLace was their gr.indson. Another lirother. named David Fullerton, was Presby- 
terian minister of Carrickfcrgus, from 1756 to 1766, and died the rector of a parish near Kingston, Jamaica, in 
1789. A third, named George Fullerton, emigrated to Virginia, in America, and was slain fighting on the side 
of the Colonists, in the war of Independence. He left one daughter, Catherine, who became sole heir to her 
unci", .-Mexander Fullarton. The latter had been educated as a doctor, and accumulated a large amount of 
wealth in Jamaica. On his return, he purchased the Ballintoy estate for the sum of ^^20,000 and having no 
family, although married, he bequeathed this fine property to his niece, as already stated, whose son, according 
to his will, was required to take the name of Fullerton. This lady married Uawson Downing, F.si)., of 
Kellaghy and Kowesgift, in the cunty of Derry. She left one son, George .Alexander Fullerton, who was 
born in the Mansion, Ballycastle. November, 1775, and died at Toekinglon Manor, (Gloucester, in 1847. He left 
three sons and five daughters. His eldest son and heir, named Alexander George, was born in 1808, and married 
in 1S33 the Lady Georgiana Leveson Gower, second daughter of the late Earl of (Iranville. Their son, 
William Granville Fullerton, was born at the British Embassy, Paris, in 1834, ^nd died just when he had 
attained his majority, in 1855. The Ballintoy estate is still owned by a representative of the family. 

1 The Boyds were originally a branch of the Stewarts, being descended from Simon, second son 
of Walter, the first Stewart of Scotland. Their name Boyd is simply a corrupt form of the Gaelic 
word Buidhe, or Yellow, from the prevailing fair colour of their hair. The many persons of this name 
throughout the Route, in 1641, were scattered members from the great familv in Ayrshire, of which the Earls 
of Kilmarnock were the chiefs or renresentatives. William Boyd, the last Earl, took an active part in the 
rebellion of 174s, and after his execution, a large chest of family papers was placed in custody of the magistrates 
of Kilmarnock. .\ selection from these papers was published by the Abbotsford Club, in 1837, from which we 
may form an estimate of the high position enjoyed by the family, from the days of Bruce until the sad finale in 
1746. The following are the titles of a few of these curious documents : 

1. " Bond of Mut'iall Assistance by Queen Margaret and the Lord Methven, her husband, to Lord Boyd, 
May 26, 1529. 

2. " Ane .Agriement betuix Hew Erie of Eglintown and Robert Lord Boyd, anent all quarrels and 
sleighter of kin. May 2, 1530. 

3. " Oblisement by the Eries of Argyle and others, to warrant and assist Lord Boyd of Kilmarnock, in 
all the actions he shall have to do, 1543. 

4. " .\greement betuix Mary Queen Regent, and Robert Lord and Maister of Boids, for Mutuall 
Assistance aganis their enemies, November 6, 1557. 

5. " Commissione by Queen Mary to Robert Lord Boyd, to treat with her subjects of Scotland, anent 
ane reconciliatione. June 4, 1569. 

6. " Letter by my Lord .\n^us to 11. y Lord Boyd, (luhairby he promisses to send his sei\ands to his Court 
HoUling, August 2, 1590." 

There are twenty-nine papers in this published selection, all of which have titles somewhat similar to the 
above, and all indicating the great social and political standing of the various members of the family to whom 
they specially refer. Of this race was Sir Robert Boyd, who accompanied Robert Bruce to the island of 
Raghery, during the winter of 1306, and one of whose descendants, an P^arl of .\rran, married Mary, eldest 
daughter of James II., in 1467. Resides the principal house of Kilmarnock, there were many collateral 
families of Boyds in the district of Carrick, among whom the Boyds of Pinkill, and the Boyds of Trochrig, 
were best known. Of the former family was the celebrated Mark -Alex. Boyd, who was born at Pinkill, in 
T5^2, and James Boyd, .Archbishop of Glasgow, secon<i son of .Adam Boyd, and cousin to the sixth Lord 
Kilmarnock. Andrew Boyd, appointed bishop of .Argyle in 1613, was supposed to be son of Thomas, the fifth 
Lord Boyd. A son of the bishop died, and was interred in Raghery, as may be inferred from the following 
inscription, in Roman capitals, on a monumental slab in the church-yard of that Island : 

HIC . JACET . JACOBUS . BODIUS . ANDRKAK . LISMOR . EPISCOPI . FILIUS . 
CUM . UXORE . CHRISTINA . CAMPBELLA . ()Vl . f)liirr . NONO DIE DECE.MBR 
ANNO . DOM . 166-." 

From the time of the erection of the See of Argyle, at the close of the twelfth century, the bi.shop's seat 
was on the small island of Lismore. near the Scottish coast, and hence the bishops were always designated 
I'lfi'tscopi Lisiorensis. 

The Boyds of the Route most probably were compelled to leave their native district of Carrick, on the 
Scottish coast, in conse<iuence of the terrible feuds which raged there during the latter half of the sixteenth 
century. Many of them found comfortable homes nn the .Antrim shores, and a few bad become influential 
inhrdiitants of the Route in the following centurv. Of the latter were the Boyds, so acti\ely concerned in the 
scenes of 1641. .A rector of Ramoan, named Widiam I!oyd, early in the eighteenth century, married Rose 
.MacNeill, the only daughter and heiress of Hugh .MacNeiU, of Dunananie Castle, and through this lady the 
Badycasile estate came originally into the family of P>oyil. Her son, Hugh Boyd, who built the harbour at 



THE STEWARTS OF BALLINTOY. 65 

The town of Ballymoney was head-quarters for James MacColl's soldiers 
after the battle of l.aney, and in that place no doubt the foregoing letter was 
written to the men who held Ballintoy. It must have been written subse- 
quently to the battle of the nth February, for the writer refers to the "great 
conflicte," meaning that, no doul)t, at the Laney ; and it must also have been 
written after the burning of Dimluce, as their leader here mentions how he 
had disposed of the inhabitants of the latter place. It does not appear that 
any of these people were massacred, and no doubt they were permitted to 
return to Scotland as best they could. 

James MacColl's arguments made no impression upon the partv who 
garrisoned Ballintoy. They had not gone there to surrender at the first 
notice, but to die in defending themselves against an enemy, whom they 
Ijelieved to be without mercy. As this enemy approached Ballintoy, from 
Ballymoney, their whole route was marked with rapine and murder. The 
insurgents were strong enough completely to invest Ballintoy ('astle, and were 
at first quite sure of success, l)ut the brave little garrison repelled every assault, 
and finally beat off their ferocious assailants. During these oi)erations, the 
adjoining church of Ballintoy was crowded with a trembling multitude of 
women and children, who were e\ery hour threatened with destruction, 
either by fire or famine. In their dire extremity, a Roman Catholic priest, 
at great personal risk, interfered for their preservation. With difficulty he 
obtained permission to bring them water, and in doing so, secretly filled the 
water-vessels with oatmeal, covering it with a few inches tlepth of water at the 
top. In this way he daily carried to the ca[jiivcs as much food as kept them 
alive until relief came. Tradition states that this truly good Samaritan was 
called Priest MacGlaime, but nothing is known of him sa\e this one noble 
("hristian act. It is quite enough, however, to consecrate hi^ memory to the 

Ballycastle, in 1738, died in 1765, ani his i;rcat great '.jraiulsoii, .Moxaiider IJuyd, of Hallyc.istlf, uwru-il the 
family estate in 1865. 

This branch claims descent from tlie lioiise of Kihnarnock, and, in the alisi-ni;e of positive proof, theie are 
reasons to lead to the belief that their claim is well fonnded. The family traditions and the family armorial 
bearings attest their connexion with that ancient and noble iMnsc. It is more than probable that positive 
proof might also be found. In connexion with this 1 oini, the followin..; extract from a letter, written by the 
celebrated Dr, .Vdam Clarke, will be interestiim. This letter was writt'-n in Dnblin, in the year 1825, and 
was published in Etheridtje's Life of Dr. C'arkr, pa.;e .( 1 ^. The e\tr.u t is as follows : " I .un at .Mr. .Adam 
Hoyd's. Tell John that he i)roves positi\<lv ili.it bis aii:ii. iiiv ur.mdinoiher Clarke, w.is an immrdiaie 
descendant of the Earls of Kilmarn.ick, whose faimiy ii.iinr w.is Hoyd. Ills ,,wm ,.;i.uidlather was always 
called Kilmarnock, as standing; close to the i'.arid.nn. 

The oldest toiiibslone (of which the w riler has an>- knowledi;.-). mark in.; the i;i.ive of a Scottish settler in 
the konte, was raised by John I'oyd. in I'o-,, to the memory ol hisuile, J. me Peebles, in I )errykeij;ban 
("hurch-yard. This man.' ],revions to hisi-omin- to liel.ind, li.ul been seven' ye.irs I'lovost of Irvine, ami w.is 
evidently one of the many Scotchmen induci d m coni'- lo liie R.-ute by K.md.ill M.i. I lonnell, when tin- latter, 
in i6oj, procured a grant'to himself from I.iim-s I , .>i lii- v.isi est. it. -s vslii.h sbonlil inuc ri-htuilly belon^;ed 
to his cousins and nephews. John tli.vd seii|.-,i .n i .um --v. n. .;r l)i-r^o,k, .iiid iVom him w.is descended the 
late Dr. lioyd, of Coleraine, who, dnrin- iiianv \iiis, served as Memiier of I'.irll.uiient for thai r.oroii;;b. 

The tair complexion fr.m wbi. h this n.c ori.;iii.i!ly dein-d ;is r,.iin.- -1 I'.iildiie or Doyd. is stdl .1 distin- 
.i;iiisbinL; personal characteristic nl the Ihilly. ,stl- hi.ri'll I h'- Cliiisti.m 11. mies which .^ener.dly iiu-N.iiled 
.imon^ the family in Scotland are vet pr.sivd l,\ihir kiiisinrn .11 ihis , oasi, si^, i, .,s Kobei 1 . Wiliiam. 
.\dam, .Mexander, Archib.dd. and ' Mio;,,.,s. I hr n.11.1 ILun is .1 s , . ,:nm .11, bin it u.., Iir-i iniiu iib ed fio, 
the Ma.-\eills of Dnnanani'.- .oid l.v lie ;ii from .ci e.iriy bi.cr b ol lb.- l.imils ..1 ON-ill. 

I'irbaps one of the most in teres lin^ i.iiniK 1 , ,1 U 01 1 ie- 1 ;,,;K > .isi It \'...\ s is .i simple JUiptismrd K'-^isier, 
whi. h w.-is a.adeby Alex.inder I'.ovd, oft l.u.- I'.irl, le-.ir i '..li ' \ c.isi 1-, ., b, >;lu-; ..f llin;h HomI. so well known 
for bis pialsewortbveliorts to proiiioie lb.- ii,,lii,iinl |r spniiN oi Ins cal i\ ' pl.ve. .Mex.m.ier I'.oxd m.irri'-d 
a ladv iiami-d Wilson, of the Can Ickler^iis i.unliv. .oid ihev iiad thirteen . bildien, .dl of u h .sr b.ipiisms he 
remilarly recorded, between the years i/.'.ind i-,i. He .i!so nieniioii-o ihc n.im-s of tb- s.-vrr.il Kodf.ubrrs 
and ijodmothers who were present on lli^-se o.c.isi .iis, s , I'l.it ni.my dati's, .nid iioi .1 lew h-adin^ 11. one, o! the 
district, .are found in this brief but f.iilhfiil domesti, leoonl. d he ori,;iii.i .M>, w.is ni lie- possession of Roliert 
(liven, of Coleraine, who was maternadv desc-nded Mom Alex.,n<ler l'.o\d. 



86 THE STEWARTS OK BALIJNTOY. 

latest posterity to presrrve his name in everlasting remembrance. It is 
recorded tliai he was considered a traitor by his co-religionists, and 
subsequently murdered. 

From Ballintoy, the Irish party retired, or retreated, to Ballycastle, having 
written previously to Alice O'Neill, Countess Dowager of Antrim, who resided 
at the latter place, informing her of their intended visit. 

The frightful results of their visit to l^allycastle appear but too plainly 
from an account of the examination of Alice, Countess Dowager of Antrim 
(F. 3. 9. 4229), taken at Coleraine, on the 9th of February. 1653, before 
Richard Brasicr, Mayor, and Col. Thomas Coote, Governor of that town. 
The Countess flatly denied all participation in the massacre which took place 
around the walls of her castle. It would appear that the English and Scotch 
inhabitants of Ballycastle, on first hearing of the approach of the Irish party, 
rushed into the castle-yard for protection, some women venturing into the 
hall, and even hanging on the skirts of Lady .Antrim, and of her daughter, the 
Lady Sarah MacDonnell. The names of those preserved were Anthony 
Knowles, tuck-miller; John Hunter, carpenter: Jolm Murghlan, smith; 
.Xlexander Stewart, corn-miller; and John Kid, stone-mason. 

The following documents, derived from the manuscript volume already 
mentioned, and now printed for the first time, will further explain the state of 
affairs at this period in Ballycastle and its vicinity. These witnesses are, in 
justice, summoned from both parties, the two Stewa'"ts being Protestants, 
while Macallister and 0"Hagan were Roman Catholics : 

(F. 3. 9. 4049-) 

I. Thf l-Aaininalinii of Archihalil Slcssart asjed about 50 yeares, taken the iStli 
May 164? 

W'lioe hein<^r diiely .-.w nine and Examined \s hat he dnthknowe or concernins^e 

tlie massacre of WiUiani l''l\nh- and Iiis brother with a number of per.ions more of men 
woemen and children bein^- ol ihe I'rotestant persuasion, ol tlie parisii of Arnioy, wch fled 
thence lowardes I>all\- Castell, 

.saiih that lie was Int'ornied b\- se\'erall of the country alter he came from Colerane to 
liallenlo)-. that t!ie>e ])eisons were killed in the Lduirch of Ramone wth in a quartr of a mile 
of Bally Ca.>te!l by llui^li ODullinan, Patlrici^e ODullinan, l).)nnohy .M'Cuit^un M'Cawly 
ulh si-verall others of tlie ( )I )ullina:is and M'Allisters. 

,\n<l further saith that the ])ersons above-meiicor.d tooke into tiiat Cliurch for shelter, 
by Reason tliey heard thai lially (_\ntell where the Countess of Antrim wa.s, was taken by 
the c'.iimxe as ihi- Rxaminate And tluii the men tha; was in the sd howse of Ikilly 

CasU-ll was coiimia.ndjd bv Donnell (Inrm MacDonnvll wh.oe wa- afterwards killed at 
( 'danmaL^iiinx' 

.\nd lieiiiL; demanded \' hedier Coll Mac. Mleslia' was at the massacre of the person-, 
aboNc-mencoiiii in thu Cliurch ol' Ramone, saitli that liee did not heere that hee was there 
diai d.iy. but did heere thai he came the next day to Rally Ca-iell. And did als i heere that 
he wa> proenl about the llill neere Rorinai;ri-e hard b); I'.ally Castell. when I)onnah\- 
M-Ivi^oii (?) M-Cawl\ kild ffi. lire Rriitish in I'ort na-rre. And farther saith n(ji, 

Taken bei'ore ii-. (ieo. Rawdcii. .\kiii: Sri.WAi;!. 

Tobias ]do\'\"ice. (olin I'cir.^on.'" 

Th;' old C'hurch wliicli stood at Rainoan i.i i 6 1 r was rei)uilt in 181 2, and 
finally removed to an adjacent site somewhat nearer to the town of Ballycastle. 



THE STEWARTS OF' HAI.LINTOV. Oj 

On the old site, St. Patrick founded the first Christian Church in that district, 
about the middle of the fifth century. 

(F. 3. (). 4250.) 

2. " The ]''\amination of C^ill M Allc^ui- of i!u- ])arish uf Dcrriki^hani, in the Co. of 
Anitim. (jcnt. taken hefore us the I4ih day of Miuch in^2. 

" Who bein<^ tlucly examined sailh Thai it wa-; Allester M'Coll M'Donnell & Tirla^h 
Oc;e O Caliaii^ who (as he hath snice heard hy common report hoth of the Iri^h and Scotch) 
were the chiefe plotters and Actors of tlu- Murder of tlic liritlish at Torinaw in Christmas 
1641, Th;\t after tliat minder was committed hy thi' Irish .X; I lii^hlanders u|)oii the liritlish 
at Portnaw the Irish heiiiL; jealous of the luij^li^ii and Scotch and the Kni^lish and .Scoit> 
jealous of ihe Iri>h, without any diliereiice or (ii^tillction the Iri-h kill'd all tln' I'.nLdish and 
.Scoits the)- could la\- hands on, and the lMiL;li^h and Scoii^did the like unto the Irish, except 
some fewe Irishmen who sliewed merc\- unto the l'.;ii,dish and Scoiis whereof this l^xaminale 
was one who did as much for the preser\ation of the llritii^li as lay in liis jiower, .Vnd this 
I-^xaminate further saith That he and Robert O'j^c Sles'.ait were standini: ujion the l\ocke 
over the strande at Portnagree. & one ' lilcomy MTtallLjar as he remembers & noe mor:- at 
all either Irish or Scotts with them when one Doimahy MMaiiggen M'Awly kill'd one 
(lilbert (lannill under the Rocke but none else were killed lliere soe far as he could see. And 
this ICxaminate being demande<l whcrelore he left hi^ u-ual habitation after the said Murder 
at Portnaw and others the murders commilled in the Ruole, He saith that the Reason thereof 
was because ihe ISrilish garrison in Pallintoy house was within three miles, and being 
demanded wh.at need he had to leere the IJriiti^h he being soe carelul to preserve as manv a> 
lay in liis power, he s.iiih because a! ihai time ihe biiilisli d.ur^i not trust one another. And 
this l-'.xaminate being demanded if he was in llie iight at the I,a_\ney- when the I'.nglish ;ind 
Scotch on the Ilth of tfebruary I(J4f. called ijlacke fl'!ida\\-, were routed and about 700 
Rritiish slaine lie saith he came thai vei"\' d.tye unto (he Laine\' 120 cowcs being latel\- 'aken 
from him for not complianci' with the Iii-h to get 1 in: iiutiou ,,{ liiem, .\nd Allester Mact'oll 

1 Tin- O'C.ihans of Dunsevoric were orisinaliy ;i \.'..,nc\, ni iln- Ciiiel-1 .o-haiii, .ind li.us dc^cciulod 
frmn N'i.'ill, siirnniiicii tlie I Irc-at, who w.ts niciiiircli 'if Irtrani at tlu- c unmoncfnieiit of the fifth CL-iitiiry. 
As I 'unscNcric w.is tlie l;st refiijic of this laniily. si it is 111, .ic iIi.tm |.r(jl,a!)le lliat here was aU.j ihc 
earlii;st seat of their power. 'J'lie O'Caliaas liad i.ilicr c.isiles (in the cniinly of Derry), l)ut iho 
jirincipal family occupied Diinseveiic during many iinluiirs. I'.arly in the eleventh century, a youth of 
this princely house assisted in cuttinc; to pieces ly ^liat.i^eni ili'- 1 '.mi-li invaders of Ireland. 'I'liis event 
is referred to by iiuchanan of .\uchniar, in his adiuiiaiile aihi in si reliaiile Hiitrry of th,- Surnaiiw of 
Ihichanan, pp. i,, 16. .\\ the coninienceinent of the iourleeiith re! f rv. Aliens C)i;e MacDoiniell. T.oid ot 
the Isles, nuinied' Allies O'Cahaii (siniianie 1 ! icinnyhn.i:... or lair Sh liMers). of 1 )nnse\ ei ir. and ohtained, 
as her ilowry, a number of youim men from . a' ii sur anie tliou_hoi,t her lather's lerrit.ny wheiewith 
to streii-llieii hisl:in-dom of the Isles. .Man\- ,,f \\\'- mire in-^'.-in o; lli.- Hi^hl.inii .-l.ins are'saul to have 
hid their ori-in in the families tbiis founleii 1 \- lie-.- 1!si,t emi-ranls. This cinious arranee- 
meiit betwee-i An.mis ( ):,e M.mI ),)niudl ."ivi bis f.^i 1. -i:. l.iw. ()(aban, is nf.ried to in an ni,i MS. 
history of tiie Lords of the Isle-, published f.r liie llisl lim- in she C,<i:,wt.ni,a. dc Kilus Ai^ani^-s. 
jni. .'S:, r.-'. It has been d. nbted whether the ( )( -.iIkoi-. . .!" I ums.., eri.' were of liie .one I'.Miiilv as the 
(I'Cahans of C'iannaehta. in 1 )err\-. but this luiiiiis MippI' a n' 1.. iIm- hist. i\- of the Sctli-b Hiuh'ands 
re|ireseul~ llieiii as identical, and 'spea'Ks ,,f the |iui,-\eric . bi'l .:- lb.- a. ttt.d, owner ot tin- O'Cahan 
coniili\- wevt of the Itann. The- full.iuinj; iia--:iL;e. ji pa-.; . (, reter^ lo tie- malrim- .niil arian^ements 
alio\e-inenliMned : "The portion or tocher be bid li\- h' r ua~ .e-.eii -i^.re men .at .\ eserv snmame 
n:. '.-I OK.iiii: \i/.,ilie Mnn-.i;-., s> c.ii! 1 b-.-an-- tli -, .am.' fr-m th- inn-tmo.t K..<- \\aler in the 
coanly .-f D-rrv, tb.-ir n.aiue- b.nn- forme, Iv ( f M iil.iii-, tiw R.-.- . ..f Killr.iack 1 Kib .i\ ..ckl, th.- Kairns, 
Idn^H-alis. (;!.ixNev. IJ.-.it.jns. s. , now .a!,< ', but :m|.o .;ier! v. lb.it bein^ a Kiencb n.iiu.-, uh.-r.'is tbev ar.- 
Iri~li. of the tri:.e of OXe.ds, .lud |,>..k ibe nam- lii-l b..m f.b.uiiu- the name of be .1. Th.- Ma. plier- 
-..ns, \,!u, an- n ,! the same with the Ma ; ib.-r-ou- -.t 1 i.i : -.o i: . but ..r.- . .f the O I ).:, ha- ti,-s . .f I,,-:.,,!.! 
(an. , lb. -r count v I ). rrv snrna.m.- ) : lb,- laibl.' in C'aitbu.' -, f vm. .1,1 is il,,- I.aird . .f 1', .lim^.iill. an.l manv 
olh.v siui.au,.-s. which, f.ir l.reviiv. we p ,s- . .vrr, manv.. I b-mb,,d u. ml , vsm,,,,." Wlule the ( )( -.duiu'.. 
.1" h.-rrv w.-i.- r. liu.ed 1., ruin by th.' 1 el.elb .11 . f ( ) \ 'ib .. n i ( I jr uu -b. .oul attei w.ii os t,v the Tcntaii. n 
of risier. the .lii.-f.it 1 lu ii-.Aeri.- stiliwa- abb' 1 . . ii i. uit ,.iu -m.' s, mbl.tu, . at I.mm of the .uu i.-iii fimilv 
-tale. His ,la\- ..r .I0..111, lM.ve\'.-r. w.i. m.I l-i- ....N.-.i. I,.!, alb Df.dian .1:1, 1 irs s n be, .,,.. a.'u.- 
and p ,w, iTul r.-b.T in r ., 1 . .lu.l w,-..- ., i .-liii. i.t d 1 . b.ii tb- , .1 x.-, lu-.! b.-b.ie tin- . I s,- ..f , ; ;. Tie- 
t.ill.iuiiU t li-f eMr.i.t IV. m ...ri -.bl \1--., f-iui.-io, ui ,- -e-i,,;, ,,, lii,. R.-v. ( l.,s,..n I', , |. ;. , f |,.u' ., t-b 
111 \eiv buMu.---- lb.' ~\\\- lb- lui.d c.iaMr.ii.b.- . : ;b- .. .:..-. u taiiulv ub.. b.i ! .i^^eb ai 1 Uuis,- veri. snu . 
lb.- .\pn'-i,,ii . Iin.- I'i. ;i b biu:- l-..:u !! .! o-i aM, d ' 10... : 

Rv |.:.iuibli . I l.b ., ,c Ral V1U..I..V. f '. \;l!uu. I \u,;u-; i---.il \ '- uiid 1 b.il ( bb iuu ( ) ( '.iba 'i . . . 
:Uuise\.ric. in till- .-..aulN aCio-ai.i. -.-i . m.ui, u.i- s-i,-,,i .,, ,; ;., :nlb- C.i-.t.- 1 I mu-rv.r 1. . and ;!,. 
d'ouubu; i ..!':M.)n.-\abv, i'l 'be R.io.iiv . t ( ao \. au 1 . .u-Un .1 .." - o b .' -cu-ia.; I .i i.-s .,; .1 s .seba-.i. lie- 
.(ill ..f M u. b i-n . a: 1; .-uu.iv. ia lli.^ l.a v 1 ..:. -.cc. ....> : . : wcii .,:. 1: : - .l:.iit.,rs v. r.- . Ib.m 
a.:..ili-t kr ; ( li.u b'-, .or: ia tic- -aiim.i.l' : 1 1 ; 1 a- I ' b, 1 . -.v - i. b t . : . '1 -v a .- \.-. uf. 1 I, ir i.'-'.i !, bv 
iea-..i, i nftii- 1 r.ua. Cat . lli- -..u.l li;.i.a --.'<:::(' - -a-av , .1 : b , ;- b C, .: ,^. ' 

'. \ Ibiuiiv u.cn- 1 r.iv' > a. .a:;,;- 1 lb i.c m -t :a- I , . ! rbo; :.: iv .;-a.-, .11 i ,a, ,ab.e pi.-iitb- r. ,-,: 
Dr. Wibia-i I'avl. . !al.-.| lblb\ m .a-\ . -t.U.al lb. it ;..-.. .1 . .'u .il c- ha/ue-Cs ..t" . .1 .uur ar h.i 1 c - 
turn,- : no ! v tb- af.u 'li ,iab -oa ba 



88 THE STEWARTS OF HAI.I.INTOY. 

MacDonnell (the British forces then approachin<;) made tliis I*'xaminate to juyn him and his 
men, and upon joynin;^ battell the British wore defeated, and eimut^h of them killed, but this 
l'"xaminate saith lie killed none of those who would have killed him. And heinp; 
demanded if he did see or heere of any Brittish killed in Ballycaslell house or Towne, where 
the Countess of Antrim dwelt, he saith he was often at BalKcaslell, and that the house oi 
Ballycastell after the Murder at Porlnaw was kejit iiy Donmll r.rome MacDonnell deceased 
and his men, hut lie saith he never see or heard of any killed there, or at Carnkeerin or 
Ballylusk, which two Last mencond jilaces were not far distant from this Examinates house, 
And this Examinate saith alsoe that he was not at any timt' at the siei^e of Ballintoy or 
Colerane save only once that Allester MacColl sent for him unto Colerane to brini:^ him 
provisions & that he brought him at that time five cowes for the provisions of his men. And 
further he saith that he never marched throuLjh the country with the Irish to Dunluce or 
Oldstone (Clough) neither was he at any time betwixt the beginning of the Irish Rebellion 
X: march of the Scotch armey into tlie Roote at Dunluce or Oldstone. and that he never heard 
of any Brittish murdred by the Irish at the salt panns of Ikallycastle. or at Margie Moore, but 
of some few murdered at Ramoane Church by Dwaltoagh M'Allester vK; the Dullenans, now 
dead. And further he saith not. 

" II. Coote."' " Rich. Brasuu^, Major. 

Coll MacAUister, of Derrykeighan, was the representative of the various 

families of that name in the Route, descendants of Alexander Carrach 

MacDonnell, a younger brother of John Mor. The Mac.Allisters for a time 

rivalled the MacDonnells of Antrim in power, but were eventually subjugated 

by Sorley Boy. This Coll MacAUister probably resided at the place now 

known as Bellisle. near Stranocum, and in the immediate vicinity of both 

Hallylusk and Carnkerrin. From the questions put to him when examined, 

it was evidently the general Ijelief that there had been massacres at these 

places, although he may not have been cognizant of the fact. Neither did he 

seem to have heard of the slaughter at the Salt Fans, or at the Margeymore in 

Ballycastle, which was not remarkable, as he lived at a considerable distance. 

But these also were melancholy facts. The old Market-House of Ballycastle 

stands on the ancient Margeymore, or place where the large market was held. 

The Salt Pans are situated at the rere of l^athlodge, east of Carrig Usnach. 

(F- 3- 9- 1538.) 

3. The l-'xamination of Robt. Oge Stewart of the Parish of Culfaghtorin Cent, taken 
b.'fore us at Colerane the sd It of March 1652. 

' Who being duely swf)rne and I-'xainined saith that about two days after the murder of 
I'orliiaw lie was present and did behold and see (his life l)eing then protected and saved by 
Coll MacAlIester) wiien one Donnohy MacCuiggen MacAwly, murdred Hugh Hill, Cilberi 
Cannill and his son at Porlnagree. That there were at the same time present and looking 
on at the topp of the hill the sd Coll MacAlIester, Corniacke ()"Dullenan, and Shane 
.Mac\ icl<er MarCovniacke, with above One hundred in their company, and this l*"xaniinate 
farther saith -Thai l'"ferdoragh Magee was at this l-'xaniinante"s house the same day the 
fonncr Murder was roniniitted and that William Ciiftbn was murdred by Fferragher Magee and 
i'atiicla' M 'Ahoy on the backe of this hlxaniinates house tlie sd I'Terdoragha Magee being 
liien prLNcnt and In holding ihe sd Murder, And further he saith not. 

II. Coote." Rich: liKASii'.K, Maior. 

Robert Oge Stewart was of the Ballintoy familv, and iiephew to Archibald 
Stewart. He resided near Ballycastle. and still nearer to Portnagree, where 
he witnessed the destruction of the three [)ersons above-named. The 



THE STEWARTS OF HALLINTOY. 89 

Coastguard Station House is built in Portnagree, immediately below the 
"Rocke" mentioned by this deponent, and probably on the very place where 
the murder was perpetrated. In 1738, when the Harbour at Ballycastle was 
being built, Portnagree was filled to its present level by sand removed from 
the works and placed there. In July, 1793, a maniac fell from the Rock into 
a kelp-kiln and was burned to death. His body was buried in Portnagree. 

(F. 3. 9. 4249.) 

4. "The Examination of Edmund o" lla<^gan of Ballycastle in the Parisli of Ramoane in 
the County of Antrim Gent, taken before us at Colerane 12th of March 1652. 

" Whoe being duly examined sailh, That he was the Countess of Antrim's waiting man 
for many years and lived at Ballycastell with her Ladyship. That the day after the Murder 
of the Britlish at Portnaw to this Examinate's best remembrance, William Clover, James 
Stewart and Thomas Stewart with some ten Scotchmen of the town of Ballycastell came unto 
the gate of the Castle, That James MacIIenry Esq, who since was kilTd at Ennis as he hath 
heard melt with the said William Glover without the Gate where they were lalkeing together 
this Examinate being present but not so ncare as to hcaro what they said that James 
Stewart and Thomas Stewart went in at the wickett of the Gate the Broadgate being shut as 
it was accustomed to be. And William Glover and the rest of the Scotch staid without, That 
soon after the said James Stewart and Thomas vStewart were entred into the castle the sd 
James MacIIenry went in at the gate and this P.xaminate followed him, that as soone as they 
were gone in they found the Porter of the Gale and the sd James Stewart and Thomas 
Stewart tjuarrelling and that the two Stewarts swords were drawne upon which the sd James 
MacHenr) and Donnell grome MacUonnell (since likewise killed with the men which he 
had in the Castle to Iceepe the Castle for his own or what end he knows not) di.sarmed the 
sd James Stewart and Thomas Stewart, And being demanded upon what ground the sd two 
Stewarts drew their swords after they were within the Casile Gate he .sailh he believes it was 
to force the Porter to ojien the Cjate and make way i\n William (jlover and the Scots without 
tlie Gate to come in. Thai soone after the said iwo Stewarts ha\ing their swonls restoreil 
ihem were seni out of the Castle and the Examinate being demanded it an}- of the Britlish 
came after unlo the Castle for safely of their li\es, he sailh that all who came thither for 
shelter were recci\ed in and their lives saved. .\n<l being demanded who thuse were he sailh 
John Murghlan, a smith, |ohn llanier, a iMi peiilcr, John Kidd a mason, Allester Begg 
Stewart, afterwards the said Countesses .Moullcrcr and xmic other men and women whose 
names he ddth not lemeniber, Tliat he did not see or know of or heaie of any murdred at 
Hallycastell hut one lennetl Sjjeir whoe \sa> killed on the Backside ol the sd. Countes^e^ 
stable ncare the Cattle, i)ul by whom he knows not. That Allester M.icCoU MacDonnell and 
James MacIIenry came to visit the Countess at Ballycastell after ihe nuirder at Porlnaw and 
in the Layney noc often as they pleaded, ami that this Examinate >onietime> did see them 
and others there, and further he saitli not. 

1 1. Co(jte."' Kicil: Bkasikk. 

riie evidence o[ Edmund O'Hagaii rc[)reseiit.s what took place at the 
Castle in a more favourable light than even the Countess herself had been able 
to do. Donnell Conn Macl)t)nnell, of Killocjuin, in Rasharkin, had been 
a[)poinled to seize Hall)caslle lloti^e and hold it for the Irish, lie was soon 
compelled to evacuate, and was slain some lime allerwards, at Clenmaquiney, 
in Coniily i)()iieL;al. |ame^ Mad leni\ (( ) Weill) was a near relative of the 
f'ounle.ss, Willi whom she a[)[)ears lo ha\e acted in eoncerl. 

( 7'r 'V - , >i! iniii.i ) 



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Hnnorial Sculptured Stones of tbe County Hntrim. 

By FRANCIS JOSKPII BIGGKR and IIERBKI-lT 1 1 L:(;111:S. 

f Continued from fagc jj. ) 

During the .suinnier of 1899 wo have been able lo visit all the churchyards of the county, 
and to make rubbings of the arms on the tombstones in each, and at tlie same time to cfipy 
the inscriptions. This has been a labour of considerable magnitude, but the results have 
been more than full compensation. Wlien we came to make up tlie total number of arms 
copied, we found they reached over 250, wliich we are salistied is vasth- more than any other 
county in Ireland. It is intended that each jxirt of tlv.i jomnal shall coiitain a portion 
of these arms until all are published. When all have appeared, the general notes and 
oliscrvations will follow. At present merely the arms and inscriptions will be recorded with 
incidental notes. The rubbings themselves, strengthened and touched uji, have been reduced 
lor illustration to ensure accuracy. A uniform scale \\ ill be adlicred to throughout. Of course 
some mistakes must, of necessity, occur in such a work ;is this Irum defectis'e stones, some 
most difticult to rub ; and a few may e\"eii have been overlooked in our visitation a not 
unlikely thing, considering the condition in which many of our graveyards are f(3und. All 
these, it is hoped, will be remedied in the final notes. .Vrms recently cut are not given. 
We may also state here that the immediate publication of these armorial stones has been 
forced upon us by the recent issue of several plates of Du Xoyer"s drawings containing some 
of them, which are quite unreliable and devoid of all local characteristics. It will be observed 
that heraldic tinctures are not indicated on the stones. 

Xarne parisb Cburcbpar^. 

MANFOD. 




Mere Lycth y Bodie- of Hugh 
Manfod Who Died Oct y 15"' 1751 
.\ged 75 years also his I'irll Wife 
Idizabeth Snodcv Died Aug y 12 
1726. 
This name is found in the county as Minfod, Mintord, and Munford. 



ARMORIAF, SCUr.PTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 



91 



M EARNS. 



"m^-o 





'rv^tAi*:???^?-;::^^^^^^ 



llcic lycth the ImhIv oI Mar 

laurel Snody first wile tn Knheit 

Mearns wlio died Nov iIk- 17 

[709 and his z sons \ i/, John 

who died .^h^} ihc- 25 1717 and 

Thomas died |uly thr 15 1729 

iV his Inland child Martha W'il 

Imiii died I'cli ihi- 2S 1735 

Also ihc al)ovc Uol,,-ii Mcarii> 

Tainicr in Larnc died Irh ihc 7 

1734 aL;cd 70 year-. Thonuis 

Willson dird June JS 1750 

aL;i-d -:S \car~. Janir, WilKon 

divd' 10 .\o\cnil)ri :75> a;;i-d o.j 

vtai>, Kohnl WilNon <iicd 

J5 Dcnaiilna 1750 -K^'^ 44 

\iar- .1I-. |.>!ii. Will-.n uho 

died Drc ilu' J7 1700 .i-cd .13 

\(.al^. j.ikiwiM- ic.ui W'ilU.m 

uho difd Maivii ihr .;;' 170S 



92 ARMOKlAl, SCUI.l'TUKKI) STONF.S OF IHK COUNTY ANTRIM. 



M()N'r(;OMER\' 




Here lycth the hoily ni' Jane Du.^al 

wife to [ohn Montgomery merchant in 

Lame, who died Oi'toher the 2S 1752 

a ;ed 43 years also 4 children to wilt 
Mari;aret, Robert, Hugh and Mary Ann. 
likewise lane their daughter who 

died May the 13 1760 aged 19 years. 
vV James wht) died 8 .\]iril 1762 aged 
25 years. On the 24 l'"el). 17S2 

died the Above named John Monl 

gomery ageil 72 years. 

Archibald Barklie of Inver. Worn July 22 
17S0. died July 27. 1861. His wife Helen, 

granddaughter of the above John .Montgomery, 
born Dec' 1786 died Sc|)t 18, 1801 

also their sons. 
Jolin Monlgomer)-. born . Sep" 13. 1823, died J uly 9 . 1831 
James .Mi)onncll, born .March 12 1825. 

died at i\ome, April 13. i8()i . and buried in tiie I',ngli>h 

(.'emeU-iy there. 
Hugh McCalmont born Jan 22 1827, 

died juiv J() . 1806. IJuvied at Kashee, in this County 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 



93 



.M()-\ IXiOMEKV. 




11 c 1- 



1 II li h o 



R o b e r I 



g o m e r y 

departed this life 

1780 aj^cil So years 

of his Children 

And to the memory 

Grandson, Samuel 

who departed this Life 



29"' 



and 8 

,.1 his 

Morrow 

on the 



2ist of December iS68 ageil 
84 years. Also his beKnetl Wile 
Margaret Morrow. who dep- 
arted this Life on the 26"' of 
January '837. aged 57 years 



MEHARC;, OK MacIIARC.. 




and e r 

\\7. Jolm a child >S. 

Margaret who ditd A]iril 29"' 

1770 aged 3 ViMis AKi) a 2.1 

[ohn Also iheii f.ither 

Alex' Mchaig dcparied ihi> 

lilr 2;"'' .Sept' 1S12 a-cil 72 \ear 



94 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OK THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 



MUNRO. 




Here [lyeth] the 

William M[unro] 

this life Ju[ 
66 years al [so his 
Jane Peyto who 



body of 

ted 

who depar 

J aged 

daughter (?)J 

dep[artedj 



this life Dec 8' 
43 years and 

Ann 

20 

Also his son David 

departed this life | 

[ I aged 4S years [ 

Wife Mary Munro who 
rted this life 19"' July 

aged 90 years 

No more Munros shall cross 

Tropick Line 
Nor bid h 

I'olar wave 
Ur spread more sail to leave 

their foe behind 
Here lies the landlocked in the 

Silent grave 
Also Nancy wife of David Munro 
Who departed this life 28"' Sept 
1814 aged 76 years 



I17J97 [aged I 

his daughter 

Ferres who died Jan 

1802 aged 44 [yea J rs 

[who] 

J 

J 

[depaj 

1S04 

the 
crew defy the 



The arms are very much erased on this stone, and many words of the 
inscription tmdecipherable. It hes close to the east wall of the church. What 
is left is well worth preservation. 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 



95 



M\(MUNN. 




VIE. .Sarah, 



MURDOCH, 




Here I.yclh \ \UnW ot Ro 
belt Murdoch Mrrchaiit in 
Lame who d'wil y jan^ 5''' 
1 74 J aj;i-il S5 years 



i)6 ARMOKIAI, SCULPTURKI) STONES OK THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 



MacNEILL. 




\\ctc lie Ihc reniafn.s 

of 

JOHN McNeill of the corran 

who died 25'.'.' June 1757 

aged 45 years. 

Also his wife MARGT McNEILL 

who died 2\^}. January 1794 

ai;eci 73 years 

Also liis Clrand - daughter 

MATILDA BARKLIH 

Who died 6"' January 1809 

aged 21 years. 

Also his Daughter - in - law 

M A R (; A R E T McNEILL 

Who died \^^}.' August 1816 

aged 58 years 

Also 

his son MALCOLM MiNLILL 

Who died 5V.' N'ovember 1818 

aged 72 years. 

Also his Daughter 

I S A H E L L .V M c \ E I L L 

Who died August 1850 

aged 70 \ears. 



yVcre also 

lie the remains of 

his grand - son. 

MALCOLM McNEILL 

(son of the above named 
M A L C O L M M c NEIL L) 
who died 14th Sepf i8b6 

aged 7 5 years 

Also his daughter 
HELENA LOUISA McNEILL 
who died 3rd March, 185 1. 

aged 6 years. 

his son, JOHN McNEILL 
died 28"' .Vpril i8dS 

interred at Charlton, Kent 

Also his sister 
1 S A R E L L A M c N E ILL, 
who died 25th Januar)'. 1875 

aged 81 years. 

Also his wife 

L U C ^' M c N E I L L 

who died 15th Januar)-, 1844 

Aged 81 )cars 



NAESMITH. 




years 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 



97 



MacTIER. 




Here Lyeth y Bodies of Janet 
Faries Who Died Mar y 3'' 1753 
Aged 32 Years Late Wife to Hugh 
M'^tier also 4 Children viz Robert 
Margret Ann & Janet 



OGII.VIK 




Hlmo are deposited the remains ut 

REV" \vn I [AM (X.ILVIK who died in 1712 

And JANE ACNKW his Wite 

WI LLI A M OC; I I.\ IK 

wlio died 14'.'.' Kclinuiry 17X0. at;ed 74 years. 

JA.MKS HLAIR OOILA II', 

who died 22nd .\pril 17CS5. a^ed 4S years. 

K L I/, A 1; 1:T II lU.A I R, 
Wife ol the lastnained WILLIAM (XWLVIL 

Who died 2 1 si May, 17S5. :"j_vd S- veats 

and MARC. A KIT ,sllAW 
wife hy her tirsi niarviaL,e lo -aid James Ulaii ( )i;il\ le 

who died 10*'' \I:ir(h iSlS. .iij;ed 72 \e;\r- 



This ninmniienl 
ererled hy |)..ioihea Shaw Hlair 

memory "I lur beloved [larents 

MDCCCXX 



98 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 



PATON, OR PATTON. 




20' 

55 
son 

1748 
life 
April 

Also Ann Wife of James 
Who departed this Life 22'y} 



lepar- 
Aug' 
years. 
James 
who 
the 
1823 
I'atton 
Ian>: 



1827 . aged 75 years. 

And of David Chichester 

Who (lied on the 25"' June 1830 

&c. 



PATRICK. 




iSoo a''ed 



The motto " I make sure" is partly erased : it and the arms are similar to 
Kirkpatrick's, thus conclusively proving that the Patricks and Kirkpatricks 
ot Countv Antrim are one and the same clan. 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 



99 



ROBINSON (ROBERTSON). 




1 80 1 aged 69 years. 

These arms are borne by the Robertsons of Muirtown : the crest being 
that of Robertson of Newl)iggin, botli in Scotland. In Scotch chalect. Robin 
and Robert are the same, and interchangeable. 



R()C.1;RS. 




ARMORIAL SCUI.PTl'RKD STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 



SHUTTER. 




S e p t e 111 her 

Elizabeth who departed this 

8'' of januar\- '757 aged 

ALSO JAMES a Son of the 

JAMES uho died the 19th 
1827 a;<'d 79 years 
[&c. I 



1738 And 

life the 

1 7 years 

above named 

of January 




S_m i t h s 

Sarah 

June 

Eliza 

also 

Smith 



vi/. Ilnoh 
last died 



& Anahella 

14"' 1786 iS; his grand child 

Smith died in Jan iSoo 

the above named Adam 

who departed this life 

10 Jan 1S04 aged 59 years. 

Also his son fames Smith \vhr5 

de])arted this life October the 

N"' iSii aged 42 \eai> \o man 

.1 

in his stalion lived more estem 

or died more regrctcd I'ecidiar 

delicac}- of morale marked the 

whole tenor of his life 

&c. 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. lOT 



STUART 




aged 

Mother 

who died 5"' 1796 

80 years Also his faTHER 

James Stewart who died 

I*:' July 1799 aged 80 years 

The arms are similar to those worn b\' Stewart of Ardtrowan, Scotland. 



PHOM. 



S^^li^^^^ 



Here I y 




w \ri-: (WATT). 



1- ! I, \ C 



of [a me-, 

nirii Nov'' ^' 




I02 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 



WATT. 




Here lyeth the body of John 

Watt who died Dec 22^1 1758 aged 

41 years Also his son John who 
died Augt 5"^ 1761 aged 2 years & 
his daughter Martha who died Nov'' 
6"' 1767 aged [ ] years also Jean 
Watt who died June 6"' 1775 -^S'^'^' -~ 
years. Also Margaret Montgomery 

Wife [of] John Watt died April 24 177S 
;^ged 5 [ 1 years Also Elizabeth Watt 
wife to Alexander Park who died 

Jan 17 1762 aged 25 years. fiiK 

said Alexander Park who died 29ti> 

June 17S6 aged 32 )ears. And his son 
.Alexander Park died it July 1797 aged 
17 years also his daughter Margar 

et Montgomery Park who died 

.\ugusi I [ I "1 1854 aged 75 years 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 



103 



WATT. 




I'llE liody ^yS' .^^ Kobctt 



H e r 



Watt who ^ (lejiartc 

this Hfe 27'" A])iil | aliped 67 

years also liis wife |Ag]n(.'s Pat 
rick who died 26'" June 1S13 aged 
76 years. A /so ilid)- son (leori^e 

;vho defatted i/iis lift- 26th Fd' 
iS.fQ a^ed 6g years Also thtir 
J>aiti^/if<r Jane who departed ihi-. 
Life iSth Decenihor 1S40 Aged 76 
years. And of their son [anies who 

departed this hfe 6"' October 1S49 aged 
89 years. 

'I'he arins are quite worn away, but were doubtless similar to those on 
preceding page. 



URI1':LL. 




ihis hfe Sep -() I7SS ii.^c.i (.0 ye.u 

Also his wifr \iinc [.anioni 

w ho di. d lune .'I 1 70S a;^,-,! 

li\ \e,n-. 

In ihy l;iir hooL .,1 lilr ilrvine 
( ) ( ',c I'l I n-ci il " >ni n.inic- 



riir,.- In r- 

i'xTieath I 111-. 



-'III.- Illlluhli 

.'.iiL'liirrd lanil 



I04 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 

WOODSIDE. 



DIU Vl!\ESClT 



Mere ly 
body of 
Graham 
parted 



eth IHK 



Ml* M arga r 
who (it 




departed 
f May 



WORKMAN. 




W^ii^siJ^a^^^ 



body 


of 


I'ho 


died 


ai^ed 


45 



Here lyeth the 

Robert Workman 

Jan 17"' 1737 
years 

{On hnck.) 

Also his Wife J. Gary White 

who died May y 20"' 1747 

I'hese arms are cut on a stone now buried in the eartli, which was 

(.\(\avated for our rubbing. Altliough the inscriptions are as above given, the 

arms are largelv those of Smitli of Methuen and Bracco, Scotland, which are 

az., a btu-ning cup, between two chess-rooks, in fesse. or. (Vest, a daulphin, 

liaurient. 

d'he editor will be happy to receive any notes or corrections in regard to 

these arms or tamilies for future use, when the general observations are being 

published. 

( To he coiiiitmcd. ) 




^be 1bi9toi\) of E\>nan jParisb, m tbc Hrcb^Moccoc 

of Hnnacjb, 

IVith notices of the O'Neills and at lie r te>-ritori:il families, the parochial clcr^^y, 
ecclesiastical remains, and copies of documents relatini^ to the district. 

Bv iHK LATK Right Rkw WILLIAM 1\KL\ MS, Hi>iioi' ov Down 

AM) Connor and Dkomork. 
( /III ho to ui!pitluis/u-(i. ) 

[The manuscripts of this work have been phicetl in the hands of the eililor by ilie 
governors of the Armagh Library, and by Sir Limes H. Stronge, Baronet, of Tynan Abbey. 
Fortunately, the work was almost completed by the late bishop ; nevertheless, the editor 
craves the indulgence of the reader for any errtirs which may creep into the text, and for 
the arrangement of the matter. To follow in the wake of Dr. Reeves, and not fail, is no 
light task. I 




^^^Si^ 



^"HE parish of Tynan is situated along the western 
I border of the county of .\rniagh, and there comes 
[1 in contact with tlie counties of Monaglian and 
Tyrone. When llie county of Armagh was divided 
into baronies, wliich it was on the ^^rd of .Xtigtisl. 
i6ov Tvnan was nrincii)allv assigned to the l^arony 
3 of 'I'iranny.' of which it forms nearly one half, tiie 
rest of the parish consisting of twelve lownlands 
on its eastern side, in the barony of .Armagh.'- 

The territory ol Toughranie, without any change either in its name or 
bounds, became a barony; while the Primate's manor. Toughaghie, and one 
or two minor districts, were put together to form the barony t)f .\rmagh. 

The etymology of the name I'otighranic. now softened to Tiranny, has 
not hitherto been satisfactorily explained, and the mvestigation of it in the 
present instance was attended with ^ome (liltiiult\' ; btit the following mter- 
pretation is offered with perlet't confidence in its correctness, and it will be 
better tmderslood after a b-w prehminarv remarks upon the early occupation 
of this count}-. 

1 lii.iMiiy ' iiin:i;> ".:'.; .! u-^. '>! uhiiji i.'.7:i .re i:i r:.il p.ri-ii. .i^ w.i^ f,i!nu-;ly liu- .ii^lii.l .i| 
C.irre.i^h in Kciilw 



:i I\.u^lu,ii 



I 4: 



Io6 THE HISTORY OK TYNAN PARISH. 

The large earthen enclosure called the Navan fort was, in early times, 
the regal abode or metropolis of the province of Ulster. Its construction is 
placed by the annalist Tighernach, under King Cimbaeth (Kimvey), 305 years 
l)efore the Christian era, and it continued to be occupied by a succession of 
thirty one sovereigns till the year of our Lord 332, when Fergus Fogha fell by 
the liands of the three Collas at Achadh-leth-derg in Farney. This battle was 
fatal to the supremacy of the Ulster men, who were now driven eastwards 
from Fermanagh, Monaghan, and Armagh, and pent up in the present counties 
of Down and Antrim. Their regal line was extinguished, and they were 
never again permitted to occupy the old palace of Emania. 

Of the three victorious brothers, CoUa Da-chrich was the one to whose lot 
the county of Armagh fell, and in the sub-division of it among his posterity 
many of the portions derived names from his descendants, which are retained 
to the present day. It is a remarkable corroboration of the reality of this 
story that almost all the old territorial names in the county can be traced to 
this family, and that those names became so indelibly imprinted on the soil, 
that, under the grasping O'Neills and other intruders, who gradually dispos- 
sessed the descendants of CoUa, there was no change made in the territorial 
nomenclature, nor any attempt to atifi.x new titles to their possessions. 

CoUa Da-chrich left four sons, one of whom, called Fiachra Cassan, had a 
son called Fedhlimidh, who again had four sons, Eochaidh, from whom came 
the tribe of Ui Eochadha ; Bresal, from whom the tribe of Ui Bresail : Trian, 
from whom the tribe of Ui Threna ; and Frae, from whose son, Niallan, came 
the tribe of Ui Niallain. Now, here we have the key to the derivation of 
some of the baronial names of the county. Of the Ui Ecohadha and Ui 
Threna, we shall speak presently. The Ui Bresail, who were also called 
Clann Bresail, occupied the district between Lurgan and Portadown, to which 
they gave the name of Clanbrassel, which has been exchanged for O'Neilland 
East. 

The Ui Niallain, or " descendants of Niallan,'' the most powerful of the 
race, gave name to O'Neilland, and not the O'Neills, as is vulgarly supposed. 
The name was in existence long before that of O'Neill was created. Orior, or 
the " Eastern district," was occupied by the O'Hanlons ; Clancarney, a tract in 
the Fews, near Markethill, was reserved from the family of Cernach, another 
chieftain of this race ; so also Clancouffy, near ; while Daire, who 

granted Armagh to St. Patrick, was descended from CoUa in the O'Hanlon 
line, as was also in after times the family of Clann Shumach, which supplied 
the Primacy for a long period with its hereditary succession: in fact, with the 
exception of the ruined Emania, everything of early note in the county, 
whether social or topographical, was for a long series of centuries indicative 
wf llieir power, sway, and diffusion of this dominant race. 

Even in the parish of Tynan we have two territorial traces of this 



THE HISTORY OF TYNAN PARISH. IO7 

occupation, Trianny and Tooaghy, in the two component portions above- 
mentioned. They appear in juxtaposition in a very curious record of the 
year 1017 in the Annah of Ulster and the Annals of Loch Ke. Cormac, 
son of Lorcan, King of h Ui n Echdach, was slain by the Ui Trena.' The 
Ui Threna were the posterity of Frian, son of FedUmidh, grandson of 
Colla-Dacrich, and settled on the western edge of the county. From Ui 
Threna came the forms O'Tranie, O'Trany, Outraine, and Traney, by which 
the present barony of Tiranny is marked in various Elizabethan maps of 
Ulster." Then the name took a somewhat different form, and instead of Ui, 
"descendants," Titath, " territory " (pronounced Tooa), was prefi.xed to the 
founder's name, giving the compound Tuaf/i-Thrcna, "territory of Tren," 
pronounced, in consequence of the quiescent initial of the second member, 
Tooa-ranna, out of which grew the phonetic forms Toughranie, Toaghrany, 
Toyghrayny, Toaghraine, Toaghrayne, Towrany, Tuterany, Toghrany, Toorany, 
Turrany, and Torany, which are found variously in early seventeenth-century 
records. 

O'Mellan's /w<;rrt/ of 1641 preserves the correct spelling Tuath-Trena, 
and shows that the compiler understood the structure of the name. But the 
Ordnance Survey form " Tiranny " disguises the true etymological form, and 
is likely to lead a conjecturer (as it did John O'Donovan) to suppose that the 
Irish word Tir, "a country," was the first element of the name.' 

The north-east portion of Turanny included a sub-territory called Clanaul, 
lying along the south side of the Blackwaler. I'his was the old and real name 
of the parish of I^glish, and it is locally preserved in (ilenaul, the name of a 
gentleman's seat in Mullyloughan townland, as also in an electoral division 
of Armagh Union. 

Cluain-Dabhail, "meadow of Dabhal" (the ancient name o'i the Black" 
water), is the true fcjrm of the name, and is well expressed by Clondowyll in 
the Tynan charter of 1455. A few of the towiilands of Tynan, belonging to 
the Primatial estate, lay in this district. 

.\djoining Tiranny on the east was the territory of Tooaghy, the 'I'uath 
hua n ICchdach of lory above referred to, consisting of sixty townlands, now 
represented for the most part by the estate of Trinity (JoUege, Dublin,^ and 
comprising all those portions of Tynan, Derrynoose, Ready, and Lisnadill, 
which are in the barony of .\rmagh. 

1 ConiKu: nvjL Lorc.ui. ti h-ii- 1m li.laih LDiiiarlni^ n I'i Tii-iLi. p. ; k,. Noiii., Trcii or I'l i.iii ; ^m., 'ruii.i. 
There- was anolluM I'i 'IrL-ii.i in I'i C.'.-inn.i-l.u-li. Four M.,s:crs. ;.; r-"y)- 

2 OTiani.-. I I'Utr, : Ouiianyr. VUw.y. () Ir.uu, , >i),-^-,! ; li...u-, .^ik-,1. ih..i. ..( I.cl.ui.l: () r..;nv. 
Nonl<;)i. 

:i In .1 iii.Hl,-in 'ipy of the .l/nr/v>-,).Vj,M' ,>' Ihinr^u/, u.'W m t!i.- Iiln.ii\ cC ilir K-\-.il liUii Aculi-iny. .il 
l''cliui,u A lu, .ipp, ,,!, O.lluan lii.- li.i.maiuli, .i noli- in ( ' I ' in >\.in\ li.m'l li.i-- " Tir.inny Arni.uh . " wliirli 
i- a \ei V na'.ur.il . .mil' IUK-, Inlii^ I .,-ttfri on k'ouk'.v o' Atntii^k (( m1. Snr. C.ill. ), lie i;.ini>-i ;iir<;s Tiranny 
to lie r.u liiar liir, nuMit i. >nr.l in in.' Anii.ilfi. win. h, h.jwcMn, i- sh.iwn in Rrevcs, /,\ i .'. Antiij. t.i he in the 
. unty of D.iwn (j). 

I Ci-.inl.-l liy p.il.nil, j.y An^uM, : /,i,., i. (nno), iin.lLn- lii.- \\.m\c . )' " N'c Pre. inctii-, do l'...uhy. " 

r..nchie.it Uinrn...... //., \.>. i.C.m. i. R.iS. M.i\ w.-U pu scnl.j.l, I'l.-s. I.) lli<-- ic. t. .ii.-- ..f 'I'viLin. 

an.l l\..i-lnr,M wise I )i, , n.-.n.^r. (,,/. Pat.. C.ii . i.. p. .-:.. 



Io8 THE HISTORY OF TYNAN I'ARISH. 

Its name is of a similar origin to that of the twin district just mentioned, 
and in early seventeenth century records occurs frecjuently in the forms 
Toughachie, Toughaghe, Toaghaghie, Toaghy, Tooaghy, all of which are 
phonetic adaptations of Tualh-Eachadha, " territory of Eochaidh." which 
Eochaidh (pronounced Aughy) was great-grandson of CoUa-Da-chrich, and 
brother to Tren or Trian, who gave name to the adjoining barony. His 
descendants were called from him Ui Eachac/i, and gave this name also to 
their territory, which, by a like visitation of Ui Trena into Tuath-Trena, from 
Ui Eachach, was changed to Tuath-Eachach.' 

Art O'Neill, son of Hugh, who became the O'Neill in 1509, occupied 
Tuath Eochadha, where his house was in 1498. He died in 1514. He had 
two sons, Phelim Roe and Niall Mor : the form.^r was father of Henry, who 
as Lord of the Fews, was pardoned by James I. in 1603, and his son. Sir 
Turlogh of Glasdrummond, though half brother, and an active partisan of 
Hugh, Earl of Tyrone, was pardoned, and was confirmed in possession of the 
Fews in 1603. He died in 1639. His daughter Cathleen, or Catharine, 
was wife of Tirlogh Oge O'Neill of Kenaed, and mother of Sir Phelim Roe." 

Art's second son, Xiall Mor, was father of Hugh, who was father of 
Owen : and the territory of Tooaghy descended in this branch. On the old 
maps of Ulster, towards the close of Elizabeth's reign, this territory is marked 
as the " Countrie of Owen mac Hugh mac Neale mac Art O'Neale." The 
Inquisition of Armagh, in i6og, finds that "in Toaghaghie the ancestors of 
Sir Henry Mac Turlagh mac Henry O'Neile were long before Con Bacagh's 
time (15 19-1559) seised by a virtue of a grant from a primate of 13 
townlands, and being obliged to bear the bonnaght of some of O'Neill's 
galloglasses, did give to the galloglasses 4 of these townlands for their 
bonnaughts " 

The original ibrm of the name Tynan is not, as is sometimes the case with 
parochial names, left to conjecture, but is preserved in some Irish authorities 

1 The Foicr Masters, at i4q3, relate that Henry 0.;e O Noill, ,^oii of Henry, son of Owen, Lord of Cin< 1 
Owen, wa.s .-^lain in the hou.se of Art, .son of Hu^h, son of Owen O'Neill, in Tuath-Kachadha. 

see Book of Kix'hts, pp. i (5, 149, where mention is made of " King of Ui Ka.hac.i." See also O' Du!;iin's 
Top. Poem, pp. ig, 33, antl .\.\iv. 





Niall Ose. 






Eoghan, ob. 1456. 






1 
.\edh, ob. 1475. 






1 
Art, ob. 1514. 




l-'ed 


hlimidh Ruadh. Ni; 
tl. 1^54- Aed: 


illmor. 
li. I oy. 


ilrl 
lir Til 


:,ry of ^'e l-ew>, Ko^han 
ob. 1603. 

1 1'" 
rlou^h of \'e Few.^, 

ob. 163Q. 


of Tou^'hy 

1 
la.-h. 



Henry. 



THE HISTORY OK TYNAN PARISH. IO9 

of early date, although the interpretation is not equally manifest. In the 
Annals of Ulster, at 1072, followed by the Fotir Masters at the same year, 
the place is called Tuidnidha ;^ and in the Gospels of Malbrighde^- d, MS. of the 
date 1 138, as well as the metrical Calendar of Afan'an Gorman;' compiled 
about the year 11 67, it is written, but without any change in the pronunciation. . 
Da'j^hnetha. 

The Anglo-Irish scribe of the Ecclesiastical Taxation in 1302,' when entering 
the church of Tu/igcnethe, adheres prctly nearly to the Irish orthography. In 
the diocesan Registers of Armagh, which range from the middle of the 
fourteenth century to the middle of the sixteenth century, the name, being 
introduced in Latin instruments, assumes a [)honetic character, and in the 
forms Twyna, Twypha, Tiiyna, and, at a later date, Teyna and 7'i na, 
represent, with very slight change, the spoken form of the name'' 

The parish of Tynagh,'' in the south of the county of (lalwa\, re[)resents 
at present the original pronunciation of the name. The hnal "' n," however, 
was beginning to creep into use even Ijefore this ; and ihere is, about the 
year 1500, in the word Tivynan, the first and solitary instance in these 
registers of its occurrence : but in the former half of the seventeenth 
century, Teynan, Tyno/i, and Tynan were the accepted forms of the name. 
Colgan, the hagiologist, in 1647. speaks of the church in the diocese of 
Ardmagh, commonly called Tuii^hnca/i, but more correctly I'coghneatha, or 
Tegh-7ietha. 

But the orthography seems to have been generally lost, for his contem- 
porary, the friar O'Mellan, who was born and lived in the neighbourhood, 
could find no better form than Tavincn to express in an Irish narrative the 
name in question. 

If Colgan's conjectural Tcgh-nctha he accepted as a likely equivalent for 
the more early Irish form, the etymology is obvicnis. I'egh, '' house," and 
(n)etha,^ the genitive of eth^ "wheat," which was prc^bably a secular name of 
early application, unless it be taken in a metaphorical sen^e. like the Welsh 

1 Wliich tlie olil Kiiglish ti-;uishiti';ii piit^ in t!io in-r._- ^liMplf T .!;;i 'f I':::n,-,i. 

i l'iL-ser\C!! ill the liriiMi Miisinini, H.ii 1. i.m (,' il. , \ >. i ' .., i -!. i ;. Sn- /''i ,-./. </,-v <>' A'.m.:.' / /.w: 
. (lai/f/wj'. vol. \., p. v5 : Fac-siiiiiU\i ,'/' X iti\'n,ii l/.^S'. ,/ hi.'.nui. p. i. ; Iiiiim^!.. pp. w., \\i. : pl.iic~ 
.\1., .sli., xlli. 



;i At .\u-u%t 20 ; al-o in Mart. Done,:, .a -.imc il.i\ . 

i Among the |-'\che(iuer Rolls in the I'uiilic Kc ,ii^i diVn.-, I'l-ti'-r I..in. . i. .n.;..!!. 

T) Tilt; form Tii^ncc/i appe.iri once in tlv l\<-.;i-tPT >'' l':iin.il'- ^\^ .'.m.in .i; tilt- .i.i'.i i ; 

ti In the (liocesr ofClunfert, Oni. Sui., O.iIa.in J^ti. ; in.-:. 11..-..- :i-.. i'l iii: Fi.i,. 
\n. j'i!,373; 7th A',-/. Dep. A',v/., pp. ;7, ', : M.>-->in\s (,;/,;/,/,, --, l/f::. .'III., y. - : ' 
( Morrin i'aien.. C.ir. i.. p. 2.(o) ; Tuiona^i: .1 ', ': . p. . ,. 

A TyiKoi in Mc.illi. 

I'ycn.LiK-, aUo I'yn.m. ('.;/. /',(.'. /.Y/.;.. )>. - ; ( '.i '. /"a:, l.i... '... p. i -''. 

kr. tory ..I' I'.-vn.in .It I'vn.in. l.il.- p.i: ! ! M n-v. '( I '! , ,.i: i, -.vlii :i .,:n.- t . iju.-e 
.itl.iiutrr of John Ci'-.i. 1. ..f Cu.-niM .uii ' /',i.'. la... ... p. , ,- ). 

Ci. to Sir {hom.L. Cu-.tkr ih.- rrriHy ..t"l'\'-:i.i;i-, .il- l\ '.'.'ii, ( .. \\. 

I'.ir-.on.\.i;e ..1" Kyllyec-.u ;ui.l \\ .:.\w:v.v.-.. 

I'ar.ona-.' of Kyll.i-hcn, flon.-l.ily,-. .o.-i ly;-.,.!.. 
7 W'r fui'l .m i-\.iinplo of this .^t-niti'.i . w;i'i '/ ir.Jiso,!. i-; ll.'- ,-.','..j a::iK t.:,::.i iij 
.<n.s.,i.,a.,. t^//..^>.l. i.,p. . . 

1 



IIO THE HISTORY OK TYNAN PARISH. 

appropriation of Llan to churches, which in Ireland was ahvays, except in 
some few churches of British founding, a secular term, and occurring in such 
combinations as Llan-etka, " wheat-house "= barn. 

In the county of Meath, a rectory called Teynan, a/ias Tynan, was 
appropriate to the abbey of Clonardr' It seems to be now represented by 
the townland called Inan, in the parish of Killyon.- 

We find a townland Tobertynan, in the parish of Rathmolyon, in the same 
county.^ 

It may be observed that Tynan is also found as a personal name of not 
unfrequent occurrence, there being several instances in the city of Dublin and 
county of Monaghan, while in the early part of the seventeenth century 
William O'Teinan and others of the same surname appear in the Queen's 
County, just as the writer's former parish of Lusk has abundance of personal 
namesakes in Ayrshire and other parts of Scotland. 

Tynan appears to have been the seat of an ecclesiastical foundation of an 
early date, though in what year, or even century, we have not the means of 
ascertaining. That it was long anterior to the twelfth century we know from the 
fact, that in the Calendar of Marian Gorman, which was compiled about the 
year 1167, it is mentioned in the commemoration of a native saint August 
29, " Uindic of Tuighnetha." Another form of the name is Winnoch ; but of 
his history all that is recorded is the day of his death. Colgan, indeed, 
identifies him with St. Vinnocan, a disciple of St. Patrick, who founded a 
church in Dalaradia, which was called from him Rath-Easpuic-Innic ; but 
from the silence of . iMigus and the Martyrology of Tamlacht, this Tynan saint 
belongs to the early part of the ninth century.^ 

In 1072 this church had attained to some distinction, for the Antials of 
Ulster at that year record the death of Maelmuire Ma Muirecan Aircindech 
of Tuidhuidha. An aircindech (afterwards pronounced herenach) was the 
chief of a monastic settlement, and a person of much importance in the 
economy of the ancient Irish Church. The obit of this Maelmuire O'Muregan, 
or O'Morgan, is recorded because he was a person of distinction in his day. 
In the beautiful MS. of the Four Gospels in the 15ritish Museum, called the 
Codex Maelbrighde, which was written at Armagh in 1138, the year that 
Gillachrist, brother of St. Malachi O'Morgair, Hishop of Clogher, died, and 

1 Tlic rectory of Tyenaiic, alias Tynan, alias Tyghcnan, appropriate to Clonard, was granted succes.sively 
to Sir Thomas Cusakc (Cal. Fat. A'.. Kd-a>. VI., i)p. ^52, 256, 258) and to jolin Kinge (Cal. Pat. R.Jac. i., 
p. 107I3) ; the p.irsonage Kyllegan (Killyon) and Tyghenan, Pat. lidiu. II., p. 256, 1551 ; the parsonages of 
Kyllaghan (Killyon), Clon;dal\e ( ;, and Tynan, p. 25S. Plant's Hen. V II I., No. 191 (p. 51), 
I'yenane. This was probably Ind Eidknen ir. .Meath of the Annals and Martyrol. See my MS. notes, on 
April 23, in Mart. Doncg., and in Apijendix to Imlex, T<>/>o,i;r. 0/ I'our Masters. 

2 Ord. Surv., Meath, ss. 40, 41. 

3 Ord. .Siir\'., s. 42. 

4 See rit. Trip., ii., ijj. 'Prias Phaum, p. 147a, Rath IC'ispnic-lniiic ; i.e., Ar.\ Episcopi Winoci. 
Hie aiitein Epu- Winociis c.jlitm- in alia f>cclesia Diocesis Ardmachanie 'Peghnetha appellata die vigesimo 
none Augusti. Vide de eo Jocelin capite 149 et Vitam. Tertiam cap. 71 et notas nostras ad caudem, n. 69. 
Colgan, Prias Thauiii, p. iSjb, 11. 222. ''Vir vita; vcnerabilis Vi)inociis," Jocel, c. 149 (p. 97b). Winoc, 
\ it. iii., cap. 71 (p. 27a). Colgan in his note on this jtates that the Winoc mentioned here and by Jocelin is 
the Armagh .s;unt. Trias 'Phauin. p. j4a, 11. 69. 



THE HISTORY OF TYNAN PARISH. Ill 

was buried there by Maelbrighde O'Maelruanaigh,' the following memorandum 
is entered in Irish in the lower margin of folio 13 : " Mac-in-Tagairt of 
Tuighnetha. The writing of my tutor is at the beginning of this page, may 
God be gentle to the soul of Maelisa." The name Mac-in-Tagairt means 
"son of the priest," now generally Taggart ; and it would seem that this 
Maelisa Mac-in-Tagairt was preceptor of the scribe. 

This accidental entry is a remarkable instance of the persistency of a 
family in the occupation of church lands, for we find the same family in this 
parish five hundred years after as tenants of the see. The Inquisition held at 
Armagh in 1609 finds "the sept of Clan in Taggart tenants of Ballegortme- 
lege," now known as the townland (iortmalegg,- in the north-west edge of the 
parish of Tynan, and till the year 1S70 held under the See of Armagh. The 
founder of the family was, as the name indicates, son of a priest, probably of 
Tynan, not later than the commencement of the twelfth century. One 
Donnell Mac Parson of Tynan, that is, " son of the parson " (now the 
common family name MacPherson), was the juror of an Inquisition in the year 
1610. ' 

When parishes came to be defined in Ireland, which was at the com- 
mencement of the twelfth century, the minor monastic foundations were 
gradually converted into parish churches, and this of Tynan yielded to the 
general regulation, and all abbatial features were cleared away before 1291, 
when the Ecclesia de Tuigenethe was rated as a parish church at twenty-one 
shillings a year, and subject to the payment of two shillings three farthings, or 
its papal tenth. 

In process of time the tithes of the parish became divided into two 
proportions between a rector and a vicar, and, as it was directly connected 
with the cathedral church of Armagh, the rectorial emoluments were enjoyed 
by the corporation or college of the Colidei or Culdees of the cathedral, who 
afterwards became the vicars choral ; accordingly, in the Inquisition of 1609 
it was found that "the Prior of the Vicars choralls is in right of his place 
parson of Tynan." In 1430, Donald O'C^elhichan, a canon of Armagh, was 
elected Prior of the Colidei, and licensed by the Primate to continue in the 
enjoyment of the perpetual vicarage of the parish church of Tynan, which he 
had previously held. 

At the Reformation, and for many years afterwards, the parish of Tynan 
was a rectory, which was enjoyed by the Prior of the Colidei of the cathedral, 
and vicarage held by his or tlie Pri male's nominee. In the C.rand Office of 
1609 it was found that the Prior of the vicars choralls was parson of Tynan, 
and that there were sixteen prebentls in the cathedral, eight receiving their 
livings out ol the ICnghsh pale (the county of Louth), and eight out of the 

1 Svv A>i:t,ih ,'/ J'our .yfastr>s. iij3(ii., luy,). 
~ Onlii.uK'c Sur\i'y, Sheci ii. 
:i Cal. Pat. J a.., 1., p. Sj^i. 



112 THE HISTORY OF TVNAN PARISH. 

county of Tyrone; but in 1634, May 23, through the exertion of Lord 
Wentworth, a patent was obtained dissolving this condition of the rectories 
and vicarages of the appropriate parishes of the CoHdei, and consolidating the 
rectories and vicarages of them respectively, and of Tynan among the rest, 
creating them entire rectories presentative, with cure of souls ; and Robert 
Maxwell was named and presented as the first and modern rector and parson 
of the rectory or church of Tynon. 

Thus it became a consolidated rectory and no more ; but when the new 
constitution of the Dean and Chapter was granted by Charles I., 23 
January, 1637, Tynan was created the fourth prebend, and Robert Maxwell 
the prebendary of the same, with the R. and V. of Tynan to him and his 
successors as the corps of the prebend. 

In ancient times there were several parishes in the county of Armagh, 
and among them Tynan, in which were certain lands around or in the 
neighbourhood of the church, commonly called Herenach lands, which paid 
certain annual dues to the Primate, and were, in many cases, held by charter 
under him. These holdings were hereditary in certain families, who either 
represented the original donor, or were of kin with the founder of the church, 
for the endowment of maintenance of which these donations were originally 
intended. The word Heretiach is an anglicized form of the Irish term 
aininnech, which signifies a "chief or "superior," and in ecclesiastical usage 
is most frequently applied to the princi{)al of a religious foundation, who, for 
the time being, enjoyed or had the management of its endowments. 

We have an early notice of the existence ol such an officer at Tynan in 
the Anna/s of Ulster^ which, at the year 1072, record " the death ofMaelmuire 
O'Muirecan aircinnech of Tuighnidha." Then there is a long blank till the 
fifteenth century, when the Register of Primate Mey again makes mention of 
the office, and recites its endowments, though in connection with another 
name, and apparently as having become vested in another family. 

In 1445, Patrick MacCassaid is introduced to notice as "herenach of 
Twyna," and an abettor of his kinsman, Donald MacCassaid, who had 
usurped the vicarage of this parish. The name MacCassaid is sometimes 
written McKacy, and is manifestly the Irish Mac Cathasaigh (pronounced 
MacCasy), which, as a surname, signifies "son of Cathasach." ^ 

1 S32. Calh;i^.-ich M.-ic Robartaitcli, Princeps Aird .Machnquk-\. An. I'll. 

S96. Calhusach Mac l"ergu>a. lanaist ab. of .\rtiiiiaclua. rcliL;io.iUs jiueni.-. pausavit. 3q6, Ulsl. Four 

Masters, 892, S97. 

Q56. Cathiisacli Mac iJulgan of I Jiuiinthorraidh, coarb of Palrii --ui aps. (laodhil in Cliro Jesu pausaxit. 
956, (fit. 

965. Calhusach Mac Mureda, lipus. .\rdiiiacha. ./;/. Ult. 

S07. Cathasach, son of .\edth, prior of Ardinacha, J-'our Mailers. 

845. Cathabach, son of Tighernach, iecoiiomus of Ardmacha. Four .Mas iers. 

945. Cathasach, son of Guasan, Ferlegn. of Ardniacha. F'ouy Mn'-tcrs. 

046. Catliasach Mac Ailclii, ep>. Ciniieiel KoLjhani. Four Mas:, rs. 

1070. Maelbrighte .Mac Calhii^aij;!) inic ind aiiliaid fos-aircinncch Aid Macha occisus est. An. Ult. 

12S7. Matha "Mac Cathasaid. ChancelL.T of .Xrdiuaciia. con-cciatcd Bishop of Clogher. at l.i^-oolc. 

29 June, 12S7. 

1320. Nicholas .Mac Cathasaid, .\rchdcacon of Cloudier, consecrated Pishop of Cloglier, at I.is-oole. 

1356. 0/\ Nichola.s -Mac Cathasaigh, Bishop of Oriel. Four Masters. 

1361. Matha Mac Cathesaigh, consecrated Bishop of Clogher, at Oruiminasclan. 



THE HISTORY OF TYNAN PARISH. II3 

Who the individual was that gave name to the family we have not the 
means of learning, but we may presume that he was a person of some 
eminence in the diocese, as we very often find the name Cathasach home by 
eminent functionaries of the church of Armagh. O'Cathasaigh, or O'Casey, 
was the family name of the chiefs of Saithne, a district in the county of 
Dublin, now represented by the barony of I'alrothery West. MacCathasaigh 
varies in the prefix, and is a rarer form, although the Irish sometimes used 
the two forms indifferently, as in the case of MacLoughlin and MacQuillin, 
who are occasionally called O'Loughlin and O'Ouillin ; and even in the 
present name we find the exercise of a similar license in two Inquisitions of 
1608 and 1609, where the Primate tenant is called O'Casey. 

This family had been in the enjoyment of their lands long before the 
middle of the fifteenth century, and they continued in undisturbed possession 
till the early part of the seventeenth centurv, when, in the redistribution of the 
See estates, conseijuent on the Plantation. Donni'll O'Casev, the Primate's 
tenant, had to share his holding with I'.nglish tenants : and though a 
fragment descended to his son, James P)0\-. it was the last transmission: and in 
him, the MacCaseys, after an occu[)atioti of at least three hundred years, bade 
adieu to the "five townes '' of Tvnan as an inheritance, and to the Primate 
as a landlord. 

Another family, whose name st)niewhai resembled this, were also, from a 
remote period, tenants of a portion of thi' See estate, consisting of two 
townlands in the north of the parish, along the Blackwater, called Turry and 
Annagh. Their nann; was O'Cassalv: and from them the townland of Annagh 
derived the designation of Annagh niunter-Cassaly ; that is, "Annagh (in Irish 
Eiiiiac/i, 'a marsh"), of the family of Cassaly.'' In 1406, Lucas OX'assaly, 
canon of .\rmagh, paid to the Primate out of Turry, in the lordshif) of 
(Jlondowvll. the statrd rent of ten shillings a year. 

Put the [)rinci[)al tenant under the Sec was MacC'ascy, who represented 
the ancient lierenachs of the rliurch of Tynan. In 1455, Patrick .MacCassaiil 
or MacCasey, of whom mention has been alrcads- made, was in possession : 
and bi'ing desirous to fortifv his titlr, he obtained from Primate Mey a fresh 
charier, the original of wliich is eiitereij ni that Primate's register, and the 
following is a literal translation : 

I'm all Miii- ..I hol\- in^.;ii! 1 .li-.M '1 :- w ln'Mi :1k -( K-iins ^liull iniiu' John li\ ilivinc 
|r-riiii-'-ii>n Arclil)i>li'>ii mT Amii;il;Ii I'liiiiii. "i lirhmd :,.-//,//'/ prrpeiiial hraitli in the Lord 
!; it known to vou all llial wheea- our l'rh.\rd son I'alrirk NLvC "a -N.iiil hciaaiacli ot 
Tuviihaon liir i;idund thai lu- lialli l-m; miv > ol .Mim-.l lionioni ptr.ie.rs-ois as did his 
r^.iilallua^ hcin.; dnlv cliari.a.-d ni 1 1,.- ^ ;i.ir hr n- 1 .narliy ^1 Tu xiiha a nd oiir lands ihcir 
w hirh wf liave iud,L;ed lilliiu; lo.,aoin al lull ri lli''-o pns,ai!s nnd.|- ihtar nsual n.iines 
arroidiiiL; lo ihrii di\isioiis h.ilh inadr i.n .un his cas,- and lia;h piawd tor a contirination 01 
his anricnl itLdit and a nrw in\ rstii ut r h\ iis ;.. t hr ond t hat hr ni i\ hylhis nn-ans roiitinuc 
more tirnilv and snaiieK- in lu.sMsM.ai W"'' '-1 .aalain laulin oius... m ni"\ mi; in this 



114 THE HISTORY OF TYNAN PARISH. 

behalf favourably and tjracioiisly assenting to his supplication for the above object do not only 
confirm and by the protection of the present writing secure all right whatsoever which from 
times past until the present he hath acquired by grants and charters in the herenachy and 
lands aforesaid with their appurtenances ratifying it in its full force but we have also 
according to the tenour and provisions of our new investiture with the unanimous consent and 
approbation of our Dean and Chapter of Armagh given and granted and by this our present 
charter do confirm to the aforesaid Patrick MacCassaid our lands of Twynha in this as in 
jireceding instruments specified under their vulgar names according to their several portions 
to wit Tounag Clwontecarty Henarab TyrnaHcy Twlachclys in breadth from Ilenahc-nardray 
to tlie greater River and in length from Cladla-na-bagay to Murwad 01 lagan inclusively 

" Also Lys-eahd and the Lehyowny Drumconhora Dorys-boled Mwccladh Edyrgowle 
Gartmalac Rescmor the components of which extend in breadth from Clayd-Rescmor to 
Nananmha and in length from Srowan Balynametad to the river Curra. 

" Also the particle of Tarry murwadh cadday Tarray lieirachnardrahy within the bounds 
of Clondowyll tlie breadth of which is from Tarmanhay to Clwoncartahy and the length from 
the lower Gahe Mwarwe Caddy to ha Cyllnamallahc with their appurtenances and ancient 
bounds 

" To have and to hold to him and to his heirs of us and our successors the said lands 
with their particles appurtenances and bounds aforesaid paying thereout yearly to us and our 
successors at the feast of All Saints and of the Apostles rhili)) and James in equal portions 
five marks and two shillings sterling of good and lawful money of England with other services 
and charges ordinary and extraordinary thereout due and customary so long as the said 
Patrick and his heirs shall be agreeable obedient and faithful to us and our successors and to 
our officials and agents and shall dwell on the said lands and cultivate them and shall not let 
them for tillage to any strange layman and shall faithfully and fully jmy their rents services 
and charges aforesaid at the slated times 

' Otherwise if at any term of lawful payment they shall fail in the foregoing it shall be 
lawful for us and our successors to dispose of the said lands the aforesaid grant in anywise 
not\s ilhstanding always saving in every matter the right of any other person 

"And we make constitute and in the foregoing form by the tenor of these presents 
ordain the said Patrick our Ilerenach in the church of Twynha with all charges and 
emoluments thereof Nevertheless we do not mean by this our grant constitution and 
ordinance in anywise to bar ourselves of re-entry when occasion may require in the way of a 
new grant or investiture In testimony whereof our seals together with the common seal of 
our Chapter aforesaid hath been set to these presents Given at Armagh on the gth day of 
August in the year of our Lord 1455, and of our consecration the 12th year "' 

After this date, record is for some time silent concerning these lands ; but, 
at the expiration of a century and a half, they reappear in the occupation of a 
member of the same family. On the 12th day of August, 1609, an inquisition 
was sped at Armagh, the ecclesiastical lands and possessions in the county, 
among the jurors at which were two men from Tynan Hugh Macltaggart and 
Tirlagh O'Cassye. By this it was found that "the sept of Muntercaassy, tyme 
without the memorie of man to the contrarie, and yet are the auntient tenants 
of the five townes followinge, lyinge within the territorie or Irish precinct, 
called Teynan, in the barony of Toaghrany ; viz., Ballycoyd, Ballycloyntycarty, 
Ballynoreagh, Mullaghard, and Lymmenogore, with the appurtenances, and 
doe hold the same of the lord archbusshop of Ardmagh, payinge yerely seaven 
and twentie shillings ten pence, and bearinge cesse for the said lord arch- 
bushopp's horses and boyes, when he would send them thither." 



NOTKS AND QUERIES. II5 

"And that the sept Clan-Mac TciJigart have bene, and yet are, the auntient 
tennants and freeholders of the lands of Ralle;j;ortniclege, in the said territorie 
of Tynon, in the barony of Toaghfany aforesaid, with the apj)urtenances, and 
held the same of the said lord archbushopp. bv the yerely rent of five shillings 
six pence, and are not to be dispossessed at th(^ I'rimatt's pleasure. 

" And that the sept of Muntercassely and their auncestors tyme out of 
mynde have bene likewise seised of and in the twoe townes of Turly and 
Eanagh-Muntercasselye, in the said territorie of Clanawle. yieldinge and 
payinge thereout yerely, unto the lord archbusshop of Ardmagh for the tyme 
beinge, thirteene shillings four pence. 

"And further that the said lord archbushopp of Armagh is seised in his 
demesne, as of fee, as his mensall lands, of and in the foure and twentie 
townes and one sessiagh of land in the territory or Irish precinct of land, 
called Clanoule, within the countie of .\rdmagh, viz, of and in the townes 
and lands of Hallynepallony, Ballyeanany, etc. with thappurtenances, and that 
the lord archbushop[) of Armagh was wont to lease the said lands for terme 
of ye ares." 

( To be civitiniied. ) 



IRotee anb (Slueries. 

'/'/lis column is open to rcodrrs ilcsiroiis of oi't'iiuink^ or i mp,;ii iir^ in/i'iiiidtioii on ,:ucitioiis of 
interest ,inJ ol'scure points ,'/' iiistorie,;! lore relatim; to the district. 

^ucrict^ 

William Stennors. Master Mason, in i;.iii--r I'.ui^h Limrchyard iiuic i^ a 

t;r;ive shih willi iiuisonic ^ynihils rrr. iidiu^ tiie (ie.iiliur Willi, un .Su-iinors, .Master .Ma.soii, 
and his wile, VM)\\ W'.ilsoii. in i62(). Can ;uiy rradcr L^ivr nie any inlorniation rc^ardinc; this 
Masiei' .Mason, his anco^ti)-. the ^uild id uhi(-h hi' hi'loni^cd. how lu- c.inu- lo Han^Dr, \c. ? 

I'.iu roK. 

Peacock. In fhe Xe:o Statidieal Amount 0/ S.ot/.u!,/, \n\. iv.. pai^c 327, il is 
nifnlii)nrd that the parish niiiii-^ier ni' Kirkni.ilirerl^, named I'e.u-Dck, wa-- e'leeted in i6t)(). 
an<l afterwards took lefuLje in Ireland. 1 le returned to his eh. UL^e in l()S7, and died lOtir. 
In some old l!eira-~l wills I find ihi- unu-iud name I'e.ieoek .i> .1 "Christian" name: ealled, 
it may he. aflci this cdeii^\inan. (';in an\' icadi r '.;i\c ,m\' p.ulieulars ot Peacock t 

I'lM I i>K. 

John Vesey. first Mayor of Belfast. 1613. More th.m three \ears aL;o i 

was much |ile.ised to he inlomu-d \ty ymr paper th.u m) ,ince>lor, \ esey. w.i> tlie tirst 
Mayor of Helfist (\o|. ii.. p. jS.j). I .Ir.idd t.<l much oMi^j.,! if ^p.y re.ider would tell me 
something; more ahoul him: whundid hcm.iii): whcred;! he livi- .- .indlowh.it I'lni^li^h 
fimily did lie heloni: ." I hclievi- ih.n h.' w.i- falh a" ol' the Rev. Thom.is \Csey of ("olc- 
r.une. who is ^o ollcii lu'^nli'ined ia A' : i // ''/) c t'.-e hi'': J'> e'yt rian . who died 
in ioi)() ; ,ind ihcn. o| com.,-, he uo:i;d !" -i.oidiai her .M John \ cm-)-. .\i.hl)i-hop ot 
d"u:un. who died in I 7 I o. I m,i\- mcn'ion ihii l.!ii'_;.'s reem^r i^ .d;. .;^el her fd)ulous in 
Lord de \ a^ic'^. pc li:Mce wh'-n r i;o,'^ .i:i\ ' iitiiei hii'k t'a.m liie Kc\. d'iiDni.i^ \ esi-\-. 

li''Mi\:' K r.uciWM,. ( 'hii-tclunch. New /c.d.md. 



ll6 



MlSCtl.I.ANKA. 



BncAVcre to iSlucrice. 



West. -In loply lo l"..l'.\V. for int'onn.ition alxiul the West family (vol. v., p. 17S). 
1 iuul, 011 i;oini; thiouijh some \'olumcer reforences, that Colonel Henry West was chairman 
.i; .1 meeimi; of Down \"oI;in;eei>. in ihe Downpairick Court-house, on Sunday, 3 March, 
i"Sj. wlifn resolunons were pissed apjirovin^ ot the Dun^^annon resoluiions passed in the 
pie\:oi;> I'cbiuaiy. Kdhor. 

St. Patrick Coin. 1806. rhe copper coin described by J. Skillen in vol. vi. . p.aije 

(<o. is a l"iu!>li:i ll.ilfpennv Foken. Vokons oi various designs, issued by private individuals 
tor con\cnien.-c ofM.idc." woic in conini.v.i circulation up to the early years of the present 
ccntnix. when ilicu ii-c \\.iv >;oppci.i hv .\ suiiicicncv ot a rei^ular copper coinav;e beinsj issued. 

I lind tliai bo;h pennies an.i liali pennies, as ilescribed. were issued in Dublin in iSoo ; 
;lie Icijend on o!ivci>e <: I'u- .*;;) heini; " St. Patrick. .Vpostle, 43.''." Probably on the 
;.;.''..;/;) i!'.e woui '" .\'.\w;le " was abbreviated into " Apos."' for want o( sjxice. 

My collection of tliC'^e ivikens does not include a specimen of this issue : but mv authority 
is / ;>;.;>.7i V /',>:; r' ,' ,; tV;/;.!;.- ."' /r.-.j;;..'. page 110, Xos. S2-3, published by Luke H. 
Rolstei. Cork. iS;o. lonN Robinson. 



fll>ieccUanca 



PkISIN lAl'.ON ro lOHN \ INVCOMB, m.k.!..\. 




\: \ 



, t 



J 1'- 



SoMK of the friends ot John 
\'inyconib met in the Mu- 
seum, belfast. on the evening 
' oi the April. loop. and 
proentcd him with a purse 
o; .sovereigns, anii Mrs. \"in\ 
comb with two siher candi'- 
labra. as .i mark of tlieir 
cs;ce;v. and good wisl-)cs. on 
::u- occasion of h.is leavitig 
be", .-.s;. ;n conseci'.ence o! 
;:-,c bieakir.g r.p o; the tirm 
of M,-icas \\ .ud \ Co.. I.:d. 
r'r.e lecipien: is well kiiown 
'.vi .'.c le.-ic.crs vM' th.is -O',;;-,-, -,1, 
lie li.=.s beer, a con^ir.ctor 
-i-ce :;s oiigin. and many of 
:::e --est \al\;ab!e aiiicles in 
;;s r.iges aie ficm his pen. 
wr.-.ist b.is soixices liave been 
cc:M;m:ouslv .K the disI^o^al 



ULSTER JOURXAL 

Archaeology 



Xist of x?ubscnbcve. 



Alkrr.. 'kV. '.. L..- vi_:^-. . L'.rg-ar. 

AJk:.. -j^L_t;. ;.;.:..'..> . L..::-.-.v-.. :^^: 

AJlingh^rr. H:;^"-. ic.>. : a.. Tr^t y.-... 

AL '.'. .-.v. E- . Civ-tr...! y.-ji.-^. ijt'.-^v. 
AiA^T^-xl. ;.. ;.^-. L.r.-:,r:i:; L,-.t^. it li. 
AndrtM . '. "-. 2'. '.':.. rr-."-. -". _^-t. Lt 'l 
At::.-. ?_ ' .-..Ti^. v^-_:r'ST^--. :^.::.- 
Ar:r.i:::--r. -:rrt. > v ^:. Cj..: -fS-r". 
Bt::\v. 

At.;;-.^:-,. '; tT"" '},''' L,^ " T : '. .Vi--.-.- 



-1." I'.t ri- 









Jii.:.. 
he - 



ii8 



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 



Caldwell, C. E., Solicitor, Londonderry 
Caldwell, Dr., i, Colle<:;e Square North, Belfast 
Caldwell, W. 11., J. P., Waterside, Coleraine 
Campbell, A. A., 6, Laurence Street, Belfast 
Campbell, Howard, Rathfern, Whiteabbey, Belfast 
Campbell, j.O., U.K., c'o W. J. Campbell & Son, 

Kavenhill Road, Belfast 
Campbell, Joseph M., Loretto Cottage, Castle- 

reagh Road, Belfast 
Camac, Thos., Derrykeighan, Dervock, Co. Antrim 
Canning, ] } C, Provincial Bank, Coleraine 
Carmody, Rev. W. P , Connor Rectory, Bally- 

mena, Co. Antrim 
Carolin, Mrs., Nine Firs, Rondebald, Cape Town 
Carr, James, J.r. , Rathowen, Windsor Avenue, 

Belfast 
Caruth, Norman C, Solicitor, Ballymena 
Casady, Phineas M'Cray, 615, West Fifth Street, 

Des Moines, Iowa 
Cashel and Waterford, The Right Rev. the 

Bishop of, The Palace, Waterford 
Cassidy, William, c/o W. & G. Baird, Belfast 
Cavanagh, Rev. AL A., O.S. F., Franciscan Con- 
vent, Drogheda 
Charley, F. W., Solicitor, Lisburn 
Clarendon, Dr., 36, Mountjoy Square, Dublin 
Clarke, Edward IL, Notting Hill, Belfast 
Clark, Miss, The \'illas, Kilrea, Co. Derry 
Clearkin, Thos., Mount Pleasant, Larne 
Clelland, Thomas W., Cookstown 
Clogher, The Rt. Rev. the Bishop of, Knockbally- 

more, Clones 
Close, Samuel P., Donegal! Square Buildings, 

Belfast 
Cluskey, Nicholas, 155, North King Street, 

Dublin 
Coates, W. T. , 30, University Square, Belfiist 
Cochrane, R., F.S.a., 17, Highfield Road, Dublin 
Coffey, Geo. , M.R.i.A.,5,Harcourt Terrace, Dublin 
Coleman, Jas., 11, Manchester St., Southampton 
Colvillc, James, 2, Manley Road, Waterloo, 

Liverpool 
Connar, James, St. Paul's Male National School, 

York Street, Belfast 
Conway, Rev. D. , a.m., Mountjoy, Lancaster 

Co., Pa., U.S.A. 
Cooke, John, M.A., f.r.s.a., 66, Morehampton 

Road, Dublin 
Core, W. Scott, m.d., 261, York Street, Belfast 
Corry, R., University Street, Belfast 
Corry, The Hon. Cecil, Castlecoole, Enniskillen 
Corry, W. F. C. S., 117 & 126, Cromac Street, 

Belfast 
Costigan, W., Gt. Yictoria Street, Belfast 
Cotter, Jas., Killorglin, Co. Kerry 
Coulson, Gerald, 4, College Street South, Belfast 
Coulter, G. B. , Donegall Place, Belfast 
Cousins, James H., Madcley, 14, Sandymount 

Road, Dublin 
Cowan, S. W. P., j.p., Craigavad, Co. Down 
Craig, J. C, Glenmount, W^hitehouse, Belfast 
Crawford, Patrick, Larne 
Crawford J., Cloughgaldanagh, Clough, Co. 

Antrim 
Crickarii, \ery Rev. R., i'. i'. , Ballynafeigh 
Crone, Dr.. Kensal Lodge, Harrow Road, 

London, N.W. 
Crookshank, Robert, Glenmanus House, Portrusli 



Crossle, F. C, M.n., Newry 
Cunningham, Samuel, Fernhill, Belfast 
Curragh, W. H., National School, Bloomheld 
Curtin, Dr. R. G., 22, South i8lh Street, 
Philadeljihia, Pennsylvania 



Dane, J. W. , Abbey field, Naas, Ireland 

D'Arcy, W. H., Claims Agent, Canadian Pacific 

Railway, Winnipeg 
Davies, J. H., Glenmore, Lisburn 
Davison, Dr., Romanoff House, Ormeau Road, 

Belfast 
Davison, T. J., 22, James' Street South, Belfast 
Dawson, Very Rev. Abraham (Dean of Dromore), 

Seagoe Rectory, Portadown 
Day, Robert, J.v., m.r.i.a., Cork 
Delacherois, Daniel, D.T.., The Manor House, 

Donaghadee 
D'Evelyn, Alex. M., m.d., Ballymena 
Dickson, John M., 3, Linenhall Street, Belfast 
Dickson, Robert, c/o J. M. Dickson, 3, Linen- 
hall Street, Belfiist 
Dickey, E. O'Rorke. 29, Donegall St., Belfast 
Doherty, J., 43, Falls Road, Belfast 
Donnan, William, c/o Messrs. Taggart & Co., 

Gt. Patrick Street, Belfast 
Dorrian, Robert, Naas, Co. Kildare 
Dougherty, J. B., m.a.. The Castle, Dublin 
Dowling, Daniel F., Castletown, Mountrath, 

Queen's Co. 
Dowling, J., Upper Queen Street, Belfast 
Down and Connor and Dromore, The Lord 

Bishop of, Culloden, Craigavad 
Drew, Thomas, 22, Clare Street, Dublin 
Dudley-Janns, Rev. S. J., The Rectory, Glenarm, 

Co. Antrim 
Dufferin and Ava, The Most Noble the Marquess 

of, Clandeboye, Co. Down 
Duncan, Travers K. , la, Bedford Street, Belfast 
Dunlop, James, m.d., f.s. r.n., Edenderry House, 

Ballylesson, Lisburn 
Dunlop, R., 33 & 35, Edward Streel, Iklfast 



Elliott, D.. B.A., Madrid Street National School, 

Belfast 
Elliott, George, m.i.m.E. , 2, Clorinda, Cavehill 

Road 
Ellis, Alexander, 15. & N. C. Railway, ^'ork 

Street, Belfast 
l'>ne. The Right Hon. the Earl of, 12, St. Georges 

Place, London 
Erskinc, Alexander, Ciiftonpark Central National 

School, Belfast 
Evans, Rev. Samuel, .M.A., Paxal Rectory, 

Whaley Bridge, Stockport, Cheshire 
Ewart, N. H., 9, ^Bedford Streel, Belfast 
Ewart, Sir William, Bart., 9, Bedford Street, 

!!elfast 



Fairley, J. F., Chemical Broker, Brown's Wharf, 

Charleston, S.C. 
Farren, William, II, Mounlcharles, Belfast 
l*"ennell, W. [., Scottish Provident Buildings 
I'erguson, Lad_\-, 20, George's St. North, Dublin 
l-'errar, A. M., 10, Donegall Scjuare South, Belfast 



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 



1x9 



Kerrar, M. L. , Bengal Civil Service, Gorakhpur, 

N. W. P., India 
Ferrar, W. A., J. p., Cloona, Dunmurry, Co. 

Antrim 
Ffrench, Rev. J. F. M., Hallyredmonfl House, 

Clone^al, Co. Carlow 
Finnigan, John. Lombard Street, Belfast 
Fitzgerald, Lord Walter, Kilkea Castle, Maganey, 

Co. Kildare 
Flannigan, P., Dungannon 

FIvnn, \V. G. W., c/o J. M. Dickson, Linen- 
hall Street, Belfast 
Foley, R. , Brown Memorial National School, 

Belfast 
Free Public Library, Belfast 
Frizell, Rev. C. W. , a.m.. Diocesan Rooms, 

Clarence Place, Belfast 
Fulton, James, St. Anne's National School, Belfast 



Galloway, P., 15, Donegall Place, Belfast 

Cianible, Jas., Armagh 

Gamble, -Mrs. Joseph, 15, Broad Street, Platts- 

burgh, New \'ork, U.S.A. 
(iardner, Josei)h, 16, James' Street South, Belfast 
Garstin, John Ribton, D.i.., j.i>., Braganstown, 

Castlebellingham 
Gault, John 11., 118, Crumlin Road, Belfast 
Gault, Maxwell, Bailee, Ballymena 
Gerrard, Ed., 7, Merrion Row, Dublin 
Gibson, Andrew, 14, Cliftonville Avenue, Belfast 
Gibson, Geo., c/o Gibson & Co., Linenhall 

Street, Belfast 
Gibson, W'illiani, Grovelield National School, 

Belfast 
Gilbert, \V. A., Lawnmount, Lurgan. c Watson 

& .Sons, Donegall .Scjuare .South 
(!illes|)ie, J., M.t)., Diamond, Clones 
<"iordon. Rev. A., M.A., Memorial Hall, Man- 
chester 
Gorman i.\; Sons, W. , Carrickfergus 
Governey, M., Chairman of Urban District 

Council, Carlow 
Graham, Cnloiu'l J., Cotswold, Wimbledon, Surrey 
Graham, J. Kyle, The Hank Buildings, Belfast 
(iraves, A. P., Irish Literary Society, 8, Adelphi 

Street, Strand, Lontlon 
(Irav, W., M.K. i.A.,Glenburii Park, Cavehill R()a<l. 

Belfast 
(Ireer, Thomas, Seapark, Carrickfergus 
Greeves, .Arthur, Forth River Mills, I'alls Road, 

Pel fast 
Greeves, Fergus MacGregor, I'orth Riser Mills, 

I'alls Road, P,elfast 
(Ireeves, |oseph M., Forth River Milb. I'aUs 

R.)a(i", Belfast 
Greeves, j. Theo., Forth River Mills, Fall,. Road, 

Belfast 
Greeves, Ridgwav. Forth River Mills, Falls Road. 

Helfast 
Greeves, \V. I.enp,,I,l, Forth lxiv,-r Mills, I alb 

Road, Belfast 



Hamilton, Rev. R. J., o.D., The Rectory, 

Tynan, Co. Armagh 
Hamilton, T. B., 9. Bedford Street, Belfast 
Handcock, G. F., Public Record Office, Chancery 

Lane, London. K.C. 
Hanna, Charles A., (i.P.O. Box 136, Chicago, 

Illinois 
Hanna, J. S., Campsie, Derry 
Hanna, "W. W., 50, North Front Street, Phila- 
delphia 
Haniing, Rev. Canon, The Rectory, WilJowfield, 

Belfast 
Harvey, Isaac, Rosetta National School, Belfast 
Hastings, .Samuel, Church Street, Downjiatrick 
Head. J. M.. Adverness, Reigate, Surrey 
Healy, Rev. Wm., i-. p.. [ohn'stown, Co. Kilkenny 
Henry, Fd., 53, Royal .\venue, Belfast 
Henry, The Most Rev. Dr., Hishoj) of I)ov\n and 

Connor, Chichester Park, Belfast 
Heron, Adens, Cultra, Co. Down 
Hewitt, S. M. v., Rathlee, Ballina. Co. .Mayo 
Hickey, Rev. M., St. Patrick's College, .Mav- 

noolh 
Higginbotham. G. 46. Wellington Park. Belfast 
Higgins, P., The Glen. Waterford 
llillaiid, Charles, Castletown, Dundalk 
Hill, Hugh, Co Swanston & Bones, Limestone 

Road, Belfast 
Hill, Rev. Geo.. Moyarget, Ballycastle, Co. 

Antrim 
Hill, William, 53, Royal .\ venue, Belfast 
Hobson, C. I., ;i2}, West 124th Street, New 

York, L'.S.A. 
Hodges, I. F., Sandringham, Malone Read, 

P.elfast 
Houston, T. G., M.A., .\cademieal Institute. 

Coleraine 
Howden, Charles, Invermore, Larne 
Hughes, Herbert, Thornleigh. ( )ld Cavehill Road, 

Belfast 
Humphreys, IL, Ballintemi)le, Co. Cork 
Hunter, J. C, 14, St. Jude's .\venue, Belfast 
Hunter, Robert, .Antrim .\rms, Ballycastle 
Hunter, R., Tcnnenl Street National School, 

P,elfast 
Hunter, W. H., Dallas, Texas, U.S.A. 
Hunter, William G., Doagh, Co. .Vntrim 
llussey, Michael. National School, Lishurn 
llutehinson, lames C, 1 ^S- Limestone Roail, 

Belfast 
Ihilton, .\riliur, 20, Chichester Street, Beltast 
HviKhnan, Hugh, 1. 1. .11., Wellington Place, 

P.ellast 



Irvine, D. II.. Woodvillc Road. Bowdon, 

t'hesliire 
Irxine, Mis,, 12, ,Sand\- Street, Ne\\r\- 
Ir\\in. ("li.is. I'",,, Lisgoole .Xbbev, F.nniskillen 
hwin, K,. 3. Corn Maiket. Helf.ist 



Hall, Thomas, m.k,i.a., Lear, liailieboro", Co. 

C'ava)! 
Ilamill, \eiy Rev, James, r. p. , Whitehouse 
llaiiiilton. Rev. Dr, . Presi,lcnt Hueen's College, 

F.eltast 



larkman, M. I,, Baid< of Irolaii.l, Beltast 

Jackson, Rev,"j., H.illycastle 

[ellic. Rev, W,, 44. Hurlinglon Road, I]iswi(li 

joiies, B, [,, Lisna\Mlly, Dundalk 

lones, H. H,, 3, Wihuont Terrace, Belfast 



LIST OF SUUSCKIBERS. 



Kelly, W. E., St. Helen's, VVestport, Co. Mayo 

Kennedy, lohn, Ardban.i, Coleraine 

Keohane, P., 3012, Snuillmann Street, Piitshurfrh, 

Pa., U.S.A. 
Kilinartin, W., Rosemary Street, Belfast 
King, Sir Chas., Bart., The Highland House, 

St. Leonard's-on-Sea 
Kirker, S. K., District Oftice of Public Works, 

Belfast 
Kirk\^ood, J. A., 47, (Jueen Street, l^elfast 
Kirkwood, Sliss, fennynK)unt \at. School, Belfast 
Knight, William, Mglinton Street Xat. School 
Knowles, W. J., m.k.L.a., Flixton Place, Bally mena 
Knox, Rev. W. F., 11, Artillery Street, Deny 
Knox, R. K. , I.T.. 1)., Northern Bank, Belfast 
Kyle, R. A., 11 & 13, Donegall Place, Belfast 

Lattimore, los. , 53, Royal Avenue, Belfast 
Laverty, \'ery Rev. Henr)-, v.c;.. President St. 

Malachy's College, Belfast 
Leahy, David, Entleld, (ilengormley, Belfast 
Lecky, Miss, 20, Corry Avenue, Kingstown 
Lee, James M., 71, Benwell Terrace, Oldpark 

Road, Belfast 
Leitch, David, I'allymoney 
Lemon, A. D. , j.p. , I-'dgcumbe, Strandtown 
Leonard, L, Lisahany, Londonderry 
L'Kstrange, Thos., 7, Howard Street. Belfast 
Lett, Rev. H. W.. m.r.i.a., Loughbricland, Co. 

Down 
Lewis, Jos., Pakenham Street, Belfast 
Lewis, Albert J.. S3. Royal Avenue. Belfast 
Lillev, lames, 1222, Snvder Avenue, Philadel- 
phia, Pa., U.S.A. 
Lindsav, David M., 373, Main Street, Salt Lake 

Ci'ty, I'.S.A. 
Linn, R., 229, Hereford Street, Chrlstchurch, 

New Zealand 
Lock wood, 1-'. W. , Bundoran 
Lorimer, W., 12, Thorndale Avenue, Belfast 
Lowry, D. E., 22 & 27, Donegall Place, Belfast 
Lumsden, , Aluminium Works, Larne 
Lyle, Mrs. K., Rigginsdale Road, Strealham, 

London 
L)-le, Rev. Thos., R.osevale, Knock, Belfast 
Lynam, Clias. , Stol^e-on-Trenl 
Lynch. P. J., 8, Upper Mallow Street, Limericl-; 

Macauley. J., D. I,., Red Hall, Ballycarry, Co. 

Antrim 
MacDermott, Rev. J., The Manse, Belmont, 

Iklfast 
MacDonnell. Colonel, Kilmore, Glenariff 
MacDowell, \Vm., 69. Arthur Street, Belfast 
MacElheran, W. F., 3, College C.ardens, Belfast 
MacMillan, Mrs., Martello, liohwood 
^LacMillan, Rev. J., Daisyfiefd X'illas, South 

Parade. Belfast 
MacMullan, P. I., [.p., :o. Corn Market. P.elfa-i 
>LacMullaii, \'ery Rev. Alex., iM'.v.s., Bally- 

mena 
MacXaugliioii. Sir 1'., Dundarave, Bushniills, 

Co. Antiim 
MacXcill, John, 4, College Green, Dublin 
Maronachie, Rev. ]., Lrindale, Cliftonville 

A\eiuie. BelHisi 
Macoun, John, Kilmore Il<)usc, Lurgan, Co. Down 
.Nlacoun, lohn. Museum, Sussex Street, Ottawa 



Macrory, Ed., Q.C., 19, Pembridge Square, Bays- 
water, London, W. 
MacShane, A., M.d., New Orleans, U.S.A. 
Magahan, F. W. , Lurgan 
.Magrath, Redmond, Dimdalk 
Maguire, Very Rev. Dean, Rectory, Bangor, 

Co. Down 
Mahony, I. |., 2, I'ort Villas, (^ueenstovvn, 

Co. Cork 
Mains, John, ;.!'., Eastbourne, Coleraine 
Major, Alex., Castle Cary, Moville, Co. Derry 
Major, Rev. J. J., Rectory, Ardinbrae, Lurgan 
-Malcolm, Bowman, Inver, Antrim Road, Belfast 
-Malcolm, James, jun., Lurgan 
Malone, J., la, Bedford Street, Belfast 
-Mann, Colonel Deane, Dunmoyle, Sixmilecross, 

Co. Tyrone 
-Mark, J. M., The .Manse, Dunbo, Castlerock 
-Marshall, H. C, 113. Duncairn Gardens, Belfast 
Marshall, John, c o Robinson & Cleaver, Belfast 
Martin, A! W., 22, Bedford Street, Belfast 
^Lartin, T. H., c o Messrs. Cooke ^: Kane 
Massereene, 'I'he \^iscoimt, Antrim Castle, Antrim 
-Mathers, IL, New Forge House, .Maralin, 

Lurgan 
Matthews, G., Maguiresbridge, Co. Fermanagh 
Matthews, Thomas IL, 8, Dunluce Street, Belfast 
Mavler, [. F., Harristown, Ballymittv, Co. 

' Wexford 
May, Robert, Elgin Terrace, Belfast 
-Meek, David, Royal Avenue, Belfast 
Meissner, Dr. .V. L., (Queen's College, Belfast 
Millan. S. S., 44. F'lsterville .-Vvenue, Belfast 
-Millar, G. D., Cdens of Antrim Hotel, Cushen- 

dall 
Milligan, Peter, Haddon Villa, Newtownbreda 
Mollan, V/. S., Upper (Jueen Street, Belfest 
.Molloy, W. R. J., 7S, Kenil worth S(iuare, 

Rathgar, Dublin 
Montgomery, B. W. D., ^L3ntrose, Fortwilliani 

Park, Belfast 
Montgomery, H. De F. , Blessingbourne, I'ive- 

miletown 
Montgomerv, lohn, 5U P-glanline Avenue, 

Belfast' 
Montgomery, J. W., X'ictoria Terrace, Down- 

patrick 
Moore. George, '' Northern Whig" Office, Ikdfast 
-Moore, Rev. Canon, Holywood. Co. Down 
Moran, John, M.-\., i,!..n., 12, Gardiner's Place, 

Dublin 
Morgan, Rev. Canon, The Library, Armagh 
Moreland, William, Little Patrick Street, IkM ast 
Morris, Charles, Glenarm, Co. Antrim 
Morrison, A. R., Maghera, Co. Derry 
Morrow, ]., 30, DtMiegall Quay, Belfast 
Muldoon. William, lO, Rossmore -\venue, i'.all)- 

nafeigh 
-Munce, James, Town Hall. Belfast 
-Munn, R. J., M.D., Savannah, (ieorgia, U.S..V. 
-Munro, R.. .M.,\., M.n.. l^dinburgh 
Muriihy, M. .M., Solicitor, Troyswood. Kilkenny 
.Mus>en, Dr., The Cottage. Glenav\-, Co. Antrim 
Myles. Rev. E. , Tullylish Rectory', Gilford, Co. 

Down 
M'AUister, las. B. , Kenbaan, Ballymena 
M'lkatnev, .Miss, Lome Terrace, Mountpottinger 
.M'Bretnev, W. A. f., c o DunviUe \ Co., Belia.t 



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 



M'Bride, J., " Northern Whig," Belfast 

M 'Bride, Jos., Harbour Commissioners" Office, 

Westport 
M'Cahan, R. , Ballycastle, Co. Antrim 
M'Cann, Charles, 52, Market Street, Newark, 

N.J., U.S.A. 
M'Cartan, Rev. E., r.i'., Larne 
M'Carte, M.,St. George's Hill, Everton, Liverpool 
M'Caughan, Rev. W. J., 501, Jackson Boulevard, 

Chicago 
M'Clelland, Thos. S., 417, Superior Street. 

Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A. 
M'Clintock, Rev. F. G., Drumcar Rectory, 

Dunleer, Co. Louth 
M'Cloy, Samuel, The Ferns, Fernlea Rmul, 

Balham, London, S.W. 
M'Connell, J., North Street, Belfast 
M'Connell, J. R., Rathmore, Downpatrick 
IM'Cormick, H. M'Neille, Oranmore, Craigavad 
M'Cormick, Mrs. H. M'Neille, do. 

M'Cotter, Rev. Thomas, M.A., St. Malachy's 

College, Belfast 
M'Crea, Basil, Upper Crescent, Belfast 
M'Cullough, F. W., Belfast Water Commissioners. 

Royal Avenue, Belfast 
M'Curdy, J., 104, University Street, Belfast 
M'Donaldi Allan, i.l.d. , Glenarm 
M'Gee, Jas., Holy wood 

M'Gee, S. M., 51, University Street, Belfast 
M'Gonigle, Rev. W. A., Ellingham \'icarage. 

Cholhill, R. S.O., Northumberland 
M'Govern, Rev. J. H., St. Stephen's Rectory, 

Charlton-on-Medlock, Mancliester 
M'Gralh, Edward, 24, Pearl Street, San Francisco, 

Cal. 
M'Grath, William Martin, is. i... Rea"s Buildings. 

Belfast 
M 'Henry, Israel, Estate Ollice, Lisburn 
M'llroy, Wm., 41, Eglinton Street, Belfast 
M'Kee, J., 30, East 39th Street, New York City 
M'Kee, R., Haslcdcn Cottage, Bramshill Road, 

London 
M'Kee, W. S., 20, Mill Street, Belfast 
M'Keefry, Rev. R. J., Waterside, Londoiidcrr) 
M'Kenna, Rev. J. E.. M.K.I.A., St. .Michad's 

Presbytery, Enniskillen 
M'Keowii, C. j., CO j. & R. U'lvane. Church 

Street, Belfast 
M' Kinney, W. |-'., Bally vesey, Carnni(ine\-. Co. 

Antrim 
M'Kisack, AIL. 15. College Sijuare lui.^t, BeUasi 
M'Knight, [. P., Chichester P.irk, Belfast 
M-Loo'ne, Xeill, Rnyal Bay \'iew. liallyheg-. 

Co. Donegal 
.M'Murtr}-, R., llelensview, .\iitrim Road, ISclfast 
M'Xallv, N., Conway Street Male National 

School, Belfast 
M'fHiilty, R., Crown Oltice, Court llou.^e, Belfast 
M'Shaiie, Re\ . I., r.l'., Portglenone 

Naturalists' field Ciiil), Belfast 

Neill, Shannaii I)., Kowandcaii, M;uil)orough 

P.uk, BelfaM 
Nicholson, II. }.. 21, Bedford Street. P.elfast 
Norman. Geo., M.K.. 12, Broils Street, Bath 
North iSelfasi Working Men'> Ciuh, Danulie 

Street, fleUa^t 
Xugenl, 1'., 12, South E.Uon I'l.ice, l.ondou. S. W . 



Olphert, R. C, Urney House, Urney, Co. Tyrone 
Orr, Gavin, m.d. , Ballylesson, Lisburn 
Orr, Miss, Jennymount National School, Belfast 
Orr, Rev. L. S., Ballyalbany, Monaghan 
Ossory, Ferns, and Leighlin, The Lord Bishop of, 

The Palace, Kilkenny 
Oulton, Rev. K. C, n. I., Glynn Rectory, 

Belfast 
O'Connell, Dan., Imperial Hotel, Sligo 
O'Connell, Rev. D., li.D., 81, (^)uay, Walerford 
O'Doherty, Most Rev. J. K., Bishop of Perry, 

Bishop's House, Derry 
O'Hagan, Felix, J. i'., 73, Victoria Street, Belfast 
O'Laverty, \'ery Rev. Jas., I'.i'., Holywood 
O" Meagher, C, .!.?., 23, Wellington Road, Dublin 
O'Neill, Capt. F., Dept. of Police, Chicago, 

U.S.A. 
O'Neill, II., M.D., 6, College Stpiare East, 

Belfast 
O'Neill, (., M.A., 5, College .Square East, 

Belfast 
O'Neill, J., Wilson's Hospital, Multyfarnham, 

Westmeath 
O'Neill, Rev. J. K., St. Patrick's Presbytery, 

Donegall Street, Belfast 
O'Reilly, jas.. 1309, Locust Street, Pittsburgh, Pa., 

U.S.A. 



Parkinson, Edward, The Mall, Downpatrick 
Parr. William, St. .Mark's National School, 

Ballysillan 
Patterson. A. H., 3, New Square, Lincoln's Inn, 

London, W.C. 
Patterson, R.. j.l'. , High Street, Belfast 
Patterson. R. L. , J. I'., Talbot Street, Belfast 
Patterson. Robert, 50, High Street, Belfast 
Patterson, Wm. 11., m.k.i.a., i ^, Bridge Street, 

Belfast 
i'hiUips, ]. }., C.K., Adelaide Park, Belfast 
Pigott, W. J., .Manor House, Dundrum, Co. 

Down 
Pini, F,. W. , 29, High Street. Belfast 
Pini. T. W., 21, \ictoria Street, Belfast 
Pinkerton, Mrs., The Ojien Window, Newry 
Plunkeit, (i. N. C. 24, Ujiper l-'itzwil'iam .Street, 

Dublin 
Plunkett, Thomas, m.k.i.a., l'".nni>killen 
Porter, W., Beechview, Balmor.il .\venue, Belfast 
I'ower. ]\e\ . P., St. lohn'> l're>bvtcrv. Water- 
ton 1 
i're^^ho, Chiiitopher. Belmont Lodge. Knock 
I'ringle, .\le\., Maynioiint. Ciilly, Aughnacloy 
Purdon. II. S., M.I)., 00, Pakenham Place, 

Belfast 
Pvpcr. lanio, M.A.. Beilasi Mercantile College. 

liellasl 



ijuaile, Ke\. P. .Dunmorc, Ballynahinch, Co. Down 

(jueen',- College Library, Beltast 

( )uinn, bune^ .\.. Solieii.ir, Dungannon 



Uaph.iel. ( 



(..d-orni If.u 
iiond, Rev. I.'. Lakel.in 
!'.( ).. Co, Ml>naL;h.in 



B,dl_\nien,i 
llou^e, .-Xiuella 



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 



Redmond, D., Belfast Bank, Antrim 

Reid, James, 17, Wellington Park, Belfast 

Reilly, George E. . 53, Royal Avenue, Belfast 

Reman, Rev. R. A., Hillsborough 

Reynell, Rev. W. A., n.n. , 22, Kccles St., Dublin 

Richard>on & Sons, 6, Church Street, Dun- 

gannon 
Richardson, Colonel, Rosslad, Ballinaniallard, 

Co. Fermanagh 
Richardson, Miss, Craiginteniple, Portrush 
Richardson, S. |., 150, Nassau Sreet, New \'ork, 

U.S.A. 
RiddcU, Mrs., Ardgreenan, Cavchill Road, Ik'lfast 
Riordan, J. F., 99, Donegall Street, Belfast 
Riordan, T. J., Charleville, Co. Cork 
Robb, J., General Post Office, Belfast 
Robertson, \V. J., 20, St. Mary Abbotts Terrace, 

Kensington, London 
Robinson, Jas. R., 7, George's Terrace, Castle- 

reagh Street, Belfast 
Rogers, J., J.r. , Eden-a-(ircna, Cranmore Park, 

Belfast 
Rogers, W. E. , Belfast Banking Co. , Portaferry 
Rogers, Wilfred P., 30, Southbourne Road, 

Sheffield 
Rolleston, J. K., c/o J. Elliott & Co., Spring- 
field Factory, Belfast 
Rose, J. W. , Trowbridge 
Rushe, D. C, Far .Meehue, Monaghan 



Sayers, Rev. Canon, The Glebe, Ballinderry 
Scott, Rev. Chas., m.a., St. Paul's Parsonage, 

Belfast 
Scott, Rev. Oswald, The Rectory, Larne 
Scott, Samuel, 8, North Guildey Street, Elgin, 

N.B. 
Scaver, H., Architect, 128, Royal Avenue, 

Belfast 
Shanks, James, Ballyfounder, Portaferry 
Sharpe & M'Kinley, Hallycastle, Co. Antrim 
Shields, W. J., Carlisle Circus, Belfast 
Simms, F. B. , 62, Uj)per (^)uecn Street, Belfast 
Simpson, Mrs., West Church Manse, Ballymena 
Simpson, W. M., 15, I lughenden Avenue, Antrim 

Road, Iklfast 
Sinclair, Thomas, j. i'., Hopefield, Belfast 
Slator, William, Strandtown National School, 

lielfast 
Small, J. ., 37, Hill Street, Newry 
Smiley, H. II., J. P., Drumalis, Larne 
Smith, A. F. , 34, College Green, Dublin 
.Smith, Blair, Errigal House. Derry 
Smith, Geo., Linenhall Library, Belfast 
Smith, J., c/o Richardson, Sons & Owden, Chi- 
chester Street, Belfast 
Smith, Owen, Nobljer, Co. Mealh 
Smith, Re\-. R. IL, The Manse, Caslleblayncy 
Smyth, J., 26, Chichester Street, Belfast 
Smyth, "T., 13, College Street South, Belfast 
vSmythe, \'en. Archdcac n, Carnmoney, Belfast 
Soniervilie, A. B., Claremount, Rathncw, Co. 

Wicklow 
.Spcers, A., B.sc, .Sullivan Upjier .Schools, Holy- 
wood 
Speers, William, c 'o R. M'Bridc, Soaj^ Works, 
North Street, Belfast 



Spence, Alexander, M'Tier Street National 

School, Belfast 
Spence, Robert, Magdalene National School, 

Belfast 
St. Mary's Hall N'ews Room, Bank Street, Belfast 
St. Patrick's College, Maynoolh 
Standen, R., The Museum, Owen's College, 

Manchester 
Stajiles, [. IL, Lissan, Cookstown 
Steele, Rev. J. II. , The Cottage, Croni Castle, 

Belturbet, Co. Cavan 
Stephens, W. IL, Marlello Terrace, Holywood 
Stewart, Rev. ]., Pond Park, Lisburn 
Stewart, Rev. }., The Manse, Rathgar, Dublin 
Stewart, S. A., Museum, Belfast 
Stewart, Thomas, Nelson Street National School, 

Belfast 
Strahan, Geo. W. , Landsdowne, Malone Park, 

Belfast 
Strahan, J. A., i, New Square, Lincoln's Inn, 

London, I^.C. 
Strahan, S. A. K., Landsdowne, Malone Park, 

Belfast 
Stronge, Sir James H., Bart., Hockley Lodge, 

Armagh 
Stubbs, Henry, m.a., Danby, Ballyshannon 
Suttleham, J., 299, Crumlin Road, Belfast 
Swanston, J. A., Lynn, Mass., U.S.A. 
Swanston, Robert, New Britain, Conn., U.S.A. 
Swanston, W., Cliftonpark Avenue, Belfast 
Swanzy, H. B., Stanley Terrace, Monaghan 
Swiney, John II. II. , M.Inst.C. E., Avenue 

Chambers, Belfast 



Taggart, W. II. , 20, Brookmounl Street, Belfast 

Taylor, R. T. , .[.P., Distillery, Coleraine 

Teeling, C. 1 1., 9, Blessington Street, Dublin 

Teeling, L. A., 19, St. .Stephen's Cireen, Dublin 

Teeling, Luke, Four Courts, Dublin 

Tempest, W., Dundalk 

Thompson (.\: Co., 90, Main Street, Ashley 

Buildings, Bangor 
Thompson, Miss S. M., .Macedon, Belfast 
Thompson, Rev. G. W., Castle .Street, Lisl)urn 
Thompson, Rev. Samuel, Clifton .Street Manse, 

Belfast 
Thomson, James, m.a., c.k., 22, Wentworth Place, 

Newcastlc-on-Tyne 
Todd, C. H. , Ballymacarrett National School, 

Newtownards Road, Belfast 
Tomlinson, W. T. C, B. & N. C. Railway, York 

Road, Belfast 
Torrens, J., Rosstulla, Whileabbey 
Tully, James, Belfast 

Ulster Bank (Librarian), Waring Street, Belfast 
Ulster Club (per H. Lonsdale), Castle Place, 
Belfast 

Vicars, Sir Arthur, Ulster King of Arms, Tlic 
Castle, Dublin 

Vigors, Colonel P. D., Holloden, Bagenalstown, 
Co. Carlow 

V'inycomb, John, M.R.i.A., Holywood 

Walkington, Miss L. A., LL. D., Edenvale, Strand- 
town, Belfast 



LIST OF SUBSCRIBERS. 



123 



Walkinglon, Mrs. M. O., Greythorne, Kings- 
town 
Ward, F. D., 11, Gardens, Malone Road, Belfast 
Ward, F. E., College Street, Belfast 
Ward, Henry Somerset, 6, Carlisle Terrace, 

Malahide, Co. Dublin 
Ward, Isaac W., Linenhall Library, Belflist 
Ward, M. J. B., Thorneloe Lodge, Worcester 
Ward, Philip, Cavendish Square, Belfast 
Watson, James, Lord Street Nat. School, Belfast 
Watson, Rev. Chas., The Vicarage, Newcastle, 

Co. Down 
Webber, F. (House of the Temple of the .Supreme 
Council), 433, Third Street, N.W. Washing- 
ton, D.C. 
Welch, Robert, 49, Lonsdale Street, Belfast 
West, Cai^t. E. E., Whitepark, Brookeborough, 

Co. P'ermanagh 
White, E. W., Solicitor, Chichester Park, Belfast 
Whittaker, William, Rea's Buildings, Royal 

Avenue, Belfast 
Williams (\: Northgate, Society of Antiquaries, 

(^ueen Street, Edinburgh 
Wilkins, G. G., Solicitor, Lisburn 
Wilst)n, A., 75, South St. George's Street, Dublin 



Wilson, Geo., 9, Bedford Street, Belfast 
Wilson, Geo., Northern Bank. Coleraine 
Wilson, Robert, Ava House, Ormeau Road, 

Belfast 
Wilson, W. IL, Stranniillis, Malone, Belfast 
Wilson, W. W., Ardgannagh, Ballsbridge, 

Dublin 
Wood- Martin, Colonel, Clcveragh, Sligo 
Woods, Cecil Crawford, 21, Dyke Parade, Cork 
Woodside, R. P., Carnsam])son, Ballycastle, Co. 

Antrim 
Woodward, Mrs. A. S., St. Mark's \icarage, 

Ballysillan 
Wolsely, W. C, Ballymena 
Wright, Professor E. Percival, M.A., M.D., Trinity 

College, Dublin 
Wright, Rev. E. A., St. John's \'icarage, Hull 



N'oung, Robert, Ardmore Terrace, Holy wood 
N'oung, Robert, J.I'., Rathvarna, Antrim Road, 

Belfast 
Voung, Robert M., m.R.i.a., Rathvarna 
\'oung, W., I.I'., Fenaghy, Cullybackey 
Voung, Mrs. John, Lisdoran, Ballymena 



ULSTER JOURNAL 

OF 

ARCHiEOLOGY 



Vol. VI. 



JULY, 1900. 



No. 3. 



3n fIDemoriain. 
(The 1Rev. Gcortic 1bill. 

Died ^fJi July, igoo. 

HE Ri:\. (;i:()R(;i: hill was bom on the 
1 8th Scptenil)er, 18 10, in the house in which he 
resided at the time of his death, in Moyarget, near 
Ballycastle, on the north coast of Antrim. 

His fatlier was W'lUiam Hill, a descendant of an 
English settler of 1574; his mother was Marianne 
?e7g Lynd, the daughter of the Rev. William Lynd, 
minister of the Presbyterian Congregation in 
Ramoan. (George Hill received his early education (-lose to his father's f^rm, 
and, later, at a classical school conducted by James Simms in the neighbouring 
tovvn of Hallycastle. During these early years, the young scholar was deeply 
imbued with the historic associations impressed upon his mind by the fireside 
stories of his happy home, and the evidences afforded to his awakening senses 
by the crumbling castles which surmounted every stormy heatlland, the 
desertrd churches in the more sheltered valleys, the cam-crowned hills, and 
the numerous other remains that so thickly crowded his native parisli. 

fascinating, however, as were these scenes of his youth, the more pressing 
duties of life compelled him to seek the less pleasant paths of the town, and 
he entered the Old College of Ik'lfasl. Mere he applied himself diligently to 
his studies, and in 1833 was awarded the i)rciuium for the best poem, entitled 
" 'i'he Burning of Moscow," having previously received a reward for the 
translation of Li\y's frefdic. for these poetic attemj)ts Professor ('aims 




T26 



RF.V. CKDRCF. IIII.I. 



passed the warmest eulogiums upon his student, who was then entering the 
Divinity scliool. I*"rom time to time, at different intervals, poetic effusions 
have come from the same pen, and each has the same homely mellowness as 
the one which is, perhaj^s, best known Afaj-ve in Ramoan. 1 1 is, perhai)s, 




THE T.A'I'E RKV. OKOKCE IIII.I.. 

' //;, Orii:i,ml Paf'Hitiz m (Jureii's CulU-gc. lirljcist, by llayry /hii,!:/.i 



better that (leorgu Mill did not continue his early devotion to the poetic nmse, 
but passed on to tlx: sterner facts of history, thus elucidating what previous 
to his day had been a tangled web of fiction and garbled fact. Well may his 
name be coupled with that of the late Bishop Reeves as the two men who 
have done more to present a [)lain unvarnished tale of Ulster histor\' than all 



THK REV. OKOROE HII.L. 1 27 

Other writers on this subject put together. What the Bishop did in 
ecclesiastical research, the Rev. (leorge Hill has done in civil inquiry. We 
have only to refer to the long list of works ' which have emanated from his 
pen to show that his life, prolonged as it had been beyond the allotted span, 
had not been an idle one, even if it did not show his regular duties, first in 
the ministry, then as Librarian of (Queen's ("ollege, well and faithfully performed. 

He was a regular contributor to the old series of the Ulster Journal, and 
to the present publication he gave invaluable help. To the editor his loss is 
a great one, as he invariably consulted him on all matters relating to the 
Plantation period. He revised the proofs of the Stewarts of Ballintoy, at 
present appearing in the pages of the Journal ; and only a few days prior to 
death, contributed several notes, adding to and correcting the original 
pamphlet. 

Vox thirty years (from 1850 until 1880) the Rev. deorge Hill was the 

accurate, painstaking, and obliging Librarian of Queen's ("ollege, Belfast, 

performing the duties of the office with a conscientious care that met the 

approval and approbation of both students and professors. In later years, the 

retirement of his early home had been sought, and tlie scenes of boyish days 

were again around him, dulled, doubtless, to the aged eye, but resonant with 

the sound of war and the clash of arms, lurid with the glare of burning roof, or 

filled with the rejoicings of a marriage feast, as the scenes of former days 

passed before his minds eye scenes which he has so glowingly depicted in 

his own pages; and in the hush of a summer evening, when nothing was heard 

but the mower's scythe in the valley, and peaceful and (juiet thoughts absorbed 

his soul, he was found not unpre[)ared for thai everlasting peace which was 

assuredly to be his. 

!. J. H. 

1 A <;oiiiplete list of tliese appe.ired in the little Memoir issiieil on the .>2 January. iSu;. ulien his portt.,it 
uas prr.,ented to the Queen's Collet;e, Belfast. 








Observations on our Bncicnt CiUe. 



Hv 1 01 IN M. DICKSON. 



1]' i()iiiT)1u\ Ia -olniinn 'yA T^-citt. 

" There is many a day for us in the grave." 

/risk Pfoverh. 




/UT_n,J^l^i 



o"U"U"Vj--^j 



IP1< ANGUAGE, like the ceolotjical record to be found 
5 ' ' 

in the earth's crust, contains, embedded in it, the 

story of its own growth : and to those who seek for 

them, it abounds in superseded forms, which, 

though now but dead fossils, were once instinct 

with meaning, which, if we can but reach it, may 

throw light on the life and thought of times before 

the faintest dawn of history. 

In Rorlases' ponderous work, published in 1S07 The Dolmcvs of 

Ireland, vol. 3, page 797 we find the following passages relating to the word 

^''cill" : " That in the form ci//e it was a loan word from the Latin cella there 

can be no manner of doubt. How it was, however, that it came to mean a 

church, as it is equally undoubted it did, it is difficult to explain with 

certainty." A few sentences further on he quotes, with full approval, from 

O'Donovan : "There are numerous cil/s or places of burial which were never 

dedicated to Christian purposes at all." 

Now, O' Donovan's statement obviously cannot be reconciled with the 

previous one given so complacently as admitting of " no manner of doubt," if 

for ncj other reason, because in Ireland the use of pre-Christian terms must 

have been pre-Latifi also. 

This opens an interesting cjuestion, and one upon which, in the writer's 

opinion, much misconception exists. It is generally assumed that the term 

kil in Irish place names always meant a church, and also that it is derived 

from the Latin rci/a. With both these assumptions the writer, after giving 

the subject some attention, ventures to differ. 

The belief prevalent up till some fifty years ago, that when any Gaelic 

word reseinbled a Latin one, it must have been borrowed, arose from the 



OliSERVATIONS OS OUR ANCIENT CILLS. 1 29 

mistaken idea that Latin was the more ancient language of the two ; but we 
now know that both are independent branches from a vastly more ancient 
stem, known as Aryan, and that neither can claim precedence over the other. 
To the contrary, Gaelic is the only language still spoken in Western Europe 
free from Latin influence, as it survives only in those districts where the 
Roman eagles never flew ; namely, in Ireland and the western highlands of 
Scotland. It is this very freedom from Latin influence that gives Gaelic its 
importance at the present time in the study of comparative philology : a fact 
of which the (lermans were the first to avail themselves. 

In such cases even as Kilbride, Kilkenny, Kil-colman, and the like, 
where a saint's name is found in conjunction, before assuming that At'/ is 
derived from ce/Za, let us first understand the full value of the Latin word. 
Cella is derived from re/o J hide the derivatives of which, as in the 
case of the analogous word in the Cireek, cnipto, always convey the idea of 
con-^^a/-ment ; something hidden or cryptic. Does it not seem improbable 
that such a root should have furnished the name for a building employed 
beyond all others as a place of public assembly ? 

Upon the introduction of Latin ritual, it is probable that several words 
connected with church services were borrowed; and, though there may be 
some grounds for supposing Teampi/ii, A^^iis/i, and Domnach 10 have been 
derived from Templum, Ecclesia, and Pomus, no such probability exists in 
the case of cill, as no similar form is so applied in any other Aryan 
language; and besides it had already been a word in common use, signifying 
a burial place. 

While not, therefore, a lineal descendant of cella, cill may, however, 
claim a distant relationship with it : for both are evidently descended from 
the same root. 

In any Gaelic dictionary the word ceal may be found, meaning death, 
concealing, concealment, etc.; in short, the grave the most typical and 
impressive form of concealment we know; the place where we ''hide our dead 
out of our sight." 

From the above root many Gaelic compouiul words are formed including 
ceall, with its inflexion cill and plural cillc, translated, a place of tctiremeut, a 
church. This word was correctly applied lo a hermit's cave or place ot 
concealment, because there he hid liini^elf Ironi his fellow nien as well a^ 
from the distractions of the world; but tliere is no evidence that such places 
were resorted to in Ireland for worship; ceriainly not, at least, iluring the lite 
of the recluse. 

In O'Brien's dictionary, to this word ccail he has thought it necessary to 
add the following note: " l''or the word ,<(;// doth not properly mean a cell or 
hermit's cave, though now commonly used lo signity a church." 

In fact the form Xv/, with its variation keel, and its diminutives killeen and 



130 OBSERVATIONS ON OUR ANCIENT CTLLS. 

keeloi^ue, refer in the great majority of Irish place names to the family or 
tribal burial-places of the pagan inhabitants, which may be found still 
undisturbed in great numbers in the South and West. In Ulster the Scotch 
settlers, having no sentimental respect for the burial enclosures of the 
supplanted population, in many cases "improved them" off the face of the 
earth. A few still remain in the poor or mountainous districts: for instance, 
those mentioned by Bishop Reeves in the parishes of Cuilfeightrin and 
Layde ; viz , 

Kilmoyangee, in the townland of Greenan. 

Killyluke, ,, ,, Duncarbil. 

Killyasturrick, ,, ,, Broughmore. 

Kilvaroo, Gortnagross. 

Kilnaval, Cloghs. 

The particulars given of these all point to pagan use only ; and it may give 
some idea of the enormous number of these keels originally, when we 
consider that, while they gave names to above 3,000 townlands in Ireland, not 
one of the above-mentioned seems to have done so. 

It may be noticed that two of the above-mentioned keels are given as 
Killy: this is probably owing to careless pronunciation, as this form generally 
refers to Coille, woody, from Coill, a wood (plural Coii/fe, hence Kilty, as in 
Clonakilty, etc.), while in two townland names in Co. Down we have ic 
pronounced Quilly. 

Previous writers on this subject have pointed out that, from the enormous 
numbers of these keels, kils, and killeens, it was most improbable that they 
had all been the sites of Christian Churches; besides that, in many cases, their 
names such as Kilnamuck, Kilmacat, etc. could hardly have been chosen 
for such a purpose. The writer would add in this connection that it is just 
as unlikely that the form keel, so common in Irish names, could refer to caol, 
narrow, unless some strait or pass exist that might have suggested the title: 
and the more so as we fmd many places that evidently did owe their names 
to such topographical peculiarities now pronounced '' Kyle," as Kylemore, 
The Kyles of Bute, etc. 

But, indeed, the present spelling of Irish names is a very uncertain guide. 
The same name is spelled and pronounced often so differently: for instance, the 
writer has found Kilwarlin, in Co. Down, mentioned in an old document as 
" The Pass of Kylwarlyn," and described as a " strong country by reason oi 
its dense woods." How is one to choose between cii/, caol, or coiil, in such a 
case? 

On this subject we (juote from Brash, Inscribed Monuments of the 
Gaedhil : "The keel is unconnected with Christian Churches . . . and, 
where still made use of, it is solely for the interment of unbaptized children 
and suicides, thus stamping its unconsecrated cliaracter : in truth the keel is 



OHSEkVAJIOXS ON OUR ANCIENT CILLS. I31 

the pagan grave-yard, abandoned on the recef)tion of Christianity, but still 
held in dread reverence by the people as sacred to the mysterious dead." 

The small notice these keels have received in the North is well 
exemplified by a contribution to the first scries of the Ulster Journal of 
Archceoiogy, vol. vi., page 164. In tliis is described the finding often cinerary 
urns near Dundrum, Co. Down, at a place called "Keel I'oint " " said to 
be so named from the quantity of red ochreous clay found there, called keel 
by the country people." This explanation of the name the contributor 
evidently gave for what it was worth, and with considerable doubt ; the 
extraordinary point about it being that no reader of the journal at that day 
seems to have been able to correct it, though the presence of the cinerary 
urns sufficiently explained the name. 

There are several place names in Ireland with the [jretix "' Kil," but 
without any saint's name in conjunction, that yet are, or were, the sites of 
Christian Churches. These may be accounted for in this way: The early 
Christian teachers were wise enough to avoid needless conflict with the 
reverential feelings of the nati\es - hence the rapid spread of the faith in 
Ireland and for this reason they selected as centres of their missionary efforts 
places already held sacred or of great resort ; and within such pagan enclosures 
several of the early Christian Churciies were built, and thus succeeded to the 
local titles by simple inheritance. 

Our question at present, however, is, how did this word '' Kil," meaning 
a grave, become applied to a C'hristian Church, as in Kilkenny, etc. ? We 
must remember that in ancient times, in Ireland as elsewhere, sepulture 
and worship were very closely connected: indeed, the relation between them 
even at the [)resent day seems to be transh'scd rather than abandoned. 
Now, we think it seemly to bury our dead close to those places set apart for 
public worship ; then it was thought natuial to worship at those places 
hallowetl bv the graves of kindred. .Vncestor worship was in most regions a 
step in the evolution of religion; r.nd as tht.' disembodied spirit was believed 
to hover near the buried body, the buiial-place was resorted to when 
communion was sought with the unseen. 

In early ('hristian times we know thi> teeliiig ot a connection between the 
remains and the dei):iilr(l spirit coiitimied so strong, that in the third century 
of our era consecration \va> \('r\- coMinioiih r^-luscd to new churches miless 
possessed of relics, and media'val lii^torv is full ol e-xpeditions undertaken to 
obtain relics for this pin]H)>e I'lie means emploM-d do not seem to have 
mattered much: neither violence nor fi.nid .ipiiaieiuly initu'ed their efhca<~v. 
When once oiitained, their cu^^todian enjo\C(l troni mere possession a sort of 
leverage, so to spi;tk, or first c;'.ll on the good ot'tices ol the saint. 

We may thus understand how ,7'// came to be att;iched to .i ( 'hristian ( 'hurch. 
I'pon the death ol some one whose notable piety and jjurity ot lile had 



132 ()HSEK\AT10NS ON OUR ANCIKNT GILLS. 

seemed to deserve canonization (and Ireland, in early Christian times, seems 
to have abounded in such), the place of interment became the resort of 
pilgrims ; a church soon rose on the spot, supported by gifts from the pious 
and the penitent, and dedicated to the departed saint, whose grave or cill thus 
became his or \iQx first shrine. 

The more popular saints seem to have had many additional shrines 
dedicated to them in the course of time, as we find 35 Kilbrides, 24 
Kilcolmans, etc., in Ireland. 

In the Gaelic-speaking highlands of .Scotland, when parties meet on their 
way to the kirk on Sundays, a common form of greeting still is, Am Cheil 
thu dot don dachanl meaning, are you going to worship; but literally, 
" Are you going to the stones V 

This phrase, in the same way as the use of the word cill^ as explained 
above, is one of those interesting survivals from a forgotten past that still lurk 
in the speech and even in the thought of to-day. 

Another contributor to these pages has referred to "traces of the elder 
faith." May we not rather consider such as the above, but varying forms of 
the one faith, coeval with humanity, that has asserted itself in all ages; when 
man, confronted with the mystery of his own mortality, or overwhelmed by the 
shadows of bereavement, has yearned to penetrate the darkness, and fondly 
trusted to find light beyond ? 




Hbc 2)onunican6 anb Jf ranciscane of Ball^ flDacflDanus 
an^ its HAciobbourboo^, etc. 

By ihf. Rk\. I. K. Mai KKNNA. m.k.i.a. 

^i^^^^r^mlss^'^I^L^'^' MACMANUS, the residence of the chieftains 
^ of the once powerful family of MacManus, is seldom 



^1^ recognised under its modern name of Bellisle. Its 







surroundings seem, indeed, to justify the re-naming 
of this historical locality, for nowhere along the 
beautifully diversified shores of the winding Erne 
are its scenic attractions more enchanting than around 
Bally iMacManus: but no excuse can justify us in 
consigning to oblivion an ancient name, which is in some sense an epitome 
of local history: and such is the name Bally MacManus, or, more properly, 
Sea/iad/i-Mic-.l/a;^/i/iiisa^ a name which clearly indicates its ecclesiastical 
importance in early Christian times An ancient local tradition (of which, 
however, I have found no manuscrij^t record) points it out as the site of an 
extensive monastery and school ; and W'akeman, on what authority I know 
not, numbers Alfred of Northumbria among its distinguished alufnni. Cathal 
MacManus, who, in the fifteenth ientur\-, wrote on the spot his famous 
^l/uia/es-Sefiai,:/ises, tlie most reliable collection of annals we possess, makes 
no mention of an early monastic founilalion on the island : but his silence 
can have very little weight with anyone who, after a careful study of Irish 
Monasticism, visits BeilisU;, and sees there, as he cannot fail to see, all the 
( ircumstances of lo(-ality which el,-ewlie!e attra< le.l the asi-etu'. The monks 
around Lough Erne selected Nature's heautv ^-pots for their home, or, l)y the 
labour of their hands, the\- comeried thrir home int(j a place of beautv. 
Mere Xature has inoiilded the scener\' with all that variety of charm whicii 
bold hills, w(jo(,K'd lawns, a fuio sheet of water, and large islands, clothed with 
veidure and crowneil with trees, cannot fail to pioduce. 'I'he monks were, 
besides, large planters of trees in tlio-e early davs ; and here we have in 
Bellisle demesne some niagnificenl old \ew trees, shading what appeared to 
me, on the occasion of mv iir>i \-isit to it, unmistakable trae'es of bee hive 

til ihi- 1 ,iii;i .s , i; /;,.>, .. . ".Kiiil .'X ~vn>i-l. Oni- "f (!< r.'i'n^ ol 1 .ir.i 
; \.;a:;.tui;,. 



1 'I'lic w, rd 
UM> l;ii .svn .IS A\i 
ililTiTcut time-- \'\ 



tail 1^ ^l 

,v;,;7. Ton Ih- 
I'atric;.. l;-OIl.:.l 



134 l'"!^ DO.MIXICAXS AND FRANCISCANS OF BALLV MACMANUS. 

cells. The monks in the more remote and turbulent times sought the 
immediate neighbourhood of their patron's residence; and here we have a 
secluded island, nestling in the shadow of the precipitous impending cliffs 
of the lordly Knockninny, the residence of The Maguire, and where, centuries 
before a Maguire had a name, 

' The weiril Dc Danaan kint^s lay hid, 
High over Erne, in caverned cairn and mountain pyramid."' ' 

Whether or not we conclude that Senad-Mac-Manus was the site of an 
ancient monastery, we must admit that it owes most of its interest for the 
modern historian to the fact that it was the home of Cathal MacManus, 
a priest of the diocese of Clogher, whose great work, The Annals of Ulster, 
will remain popular so long as profound learning, untiring energy in investiga- 
tion, and unimpeachable honesty in recording events are valued in the world. 
It is not improbable that he received his education in the Dominican Monas- 
tery of Gaula, founded by his fathers, within a gun-shot of his paternal home. 
His learning and many virtues led to his rapid promotion. The influence of 
his family was, no doubt, very great, and was probably exercised in his favour; 
and it never turned the balance in favour of a more learned and hard-working 
man. The continuer of his own Annals, recording his death under the year 
1498, says of him : "He was a Biatha [Hospitaller] at Sanaid, a Canon chorister 
at Armagh, and Dean of the Bishopric of Clogher;- Dean of Lough Erne, and 
Rector of Innis-caein in Lough Erne; and the representative of a bishop for 
fifteen years before his death. He was a precious stone, a bright gem, a 
luminous star, a casket of wisdom; a fruitful branch of the Canons, and a 
fountain of charity, meekness, and mildness; a dove in purity of heart, and 
a turtle dove in chastity : the person to whom the learned, and the poor 
and the destitute of Ireland were most thankful ; one who was full of grace 
and of wisdom in every science till the lime of his death -in law, divinity, 
physic and philosophy, and in all the Ciaedlic sciences; and one who made, 
gathered and collected tliis book from many other books. He died of the 
Galar Bfeac [i.e., smallpox] on the 10th of the Kalends of April, being 
f'riday, in the 60th year of his age. Let every person wlio shall read and 
profit by this book, pray for a blessing on the soul of MacManus." 

I'hese Annals begin with the year 431 a. i)., and are carried down by the 
author till 1498. Rodrick Cassidy, Archdeacon of Clogher, continued them 
till 1537, or, according to Ware, till 1541. ' A copy, preserved in Dublin, was 
transcribed Ijy Rory O'Lunin, who continued them till the year 1604. 

From the way in which the Christian era is at different periods ante-dated 

1 Alioul a mile distant is Skeu^oiira (S-iath-Cablira), on C'lilta-Ii niouiUaiii, on the east bank of the lake, 
w'aere tlie .M.i.;uire princes were crowned. 

i /.(., Dean of the Cathedral Chajtcr of Clogher. 

:; llij was ih" anllrw conjointly with his bishop of an edition of tlie Ki\i^isttr of Clo^ho-, which was 
extant in Wares liiTie. 



THE DOMINICANS AND FRANCISCANS OK BALLV MACMANUS. 1 35 

by from one to four years, it is evident that the work was made up by dove- 
tailing together extracts from a number of books of Annals rather than by 
analysing and collaborating, as was done in the compilation of the Annals 
of the Four Masters. 

Although more than one detailed account of this monumental work has 
been given to the public, I cannot, while treating of the island in which it was 
written, refrain from giving some general biographical notice of it. 

Among the MSS. of these Annals, that have been critically examined and 
used by the translators of the fine edition published under the auspices of the 
Royal Irish Academy, I may mention 

ist. The Trinity College copy, written on vellum in a beautiful hand. It 
is, unfortunately, imperfect in itself, and was at best only a transcript of an 
imperfect copy. Blank spaces were originally left after the record of each 
year, and these have been for the most part filled in by a later hand, with 
further records, aliases, and correction of dates. Its most prominent defects 
are the loss of the records of forty-eight years between 1 1 1 5 and 1 1 63 ; the 
omission of any reference to the years 1373-1379 : and its abrupt termination 
with the year 1504. 

2nd. The Bodliam MS. called by Dr. O'Connor the or ijc^in a I copy of the 
Annals, "not because there were not older MSS., but because it is the matrix 
of all the copies now known to exist." It contains 126 folios. The records 
of the years 1131-1155 and 1303-13 15 are missing. 

3rd. An imperfect copy in the British Museum, beginning with the year 
431 and ending with 1303. There is a defect from 1131 to 1156, showing 
that it was copied from the Bodliam MS. 

4th. A very imperfect copy, known as the Clarendon MS., is also pre- 
served in the British Museum. It is a collection of extracts from various 
books of annals (apparently in the handwriting of Sir James Ware), rather than 
a copy of any one set of annals. 

The language of the Annals is for the most part Latin, with a considerable 
s[)rinkling of Caedlic ; the whole written in Irish characters. 

('alhal MacManus also deserves an honourable place among Irish hagi 
ologists. About the year 1470, he compiled a valuable martyrology, known 
as the .-/-'.nxicsius Auclus. lie ad()[)tfd the Calendar of .V'.ngus the Culdee as 
his groundwork, and added to it, irom Marianus O'dorman and other sources, 
the nameN of many saints. 

The Scholia, or .\nnotations to the l\!(xiste'r of C/o^i^/ier, are also attributed 
to him, l)ut apparently without an\- r(>ason. 

Notwithstanding his man\- pressing clulio as pastor of the extensive parish 
of Iniskeen (which at that time embraced the modern parishes of l^miiskilleii, 
Tempo, and the greater part ol W'hiieliill), \'icar Cieneral of the diocese, and 
a canon of the (^athedial Cha[)ter o' Anin^li. C'atlial Mac Manila tuiind time 



136 THK DO.MIXICANS AND FRANCISf ANS Ol' liALLY MACMANUS. 

to dispense liberal hospitality to the poor and needy ot' his district, and to all 
pilgrims and travellers who passed Bally MacManus, which was on the great 
highway, whether by land or water, from the north west to the centre of 
Ireland. The Annals merely say that he was a Beta^h. The Betagh was a 
very old institution in Ireland. So far back as 900 i;.c., the Irish held the 
Betagh, or keeper of a house of hospitality, in great respect. The laws of 
King Tigernmass (h.c. 900) regulated the colours to be worn by the different 
classes of society. The {)auper was limited to one colour, the king himself 
might use seven colours, and the Betagh was privileged to wear four colours, 
ii^very tribe had its Dk\-l)CAc1i. whose duty it was to su[)ply the king or 
chieftain's household with provisions, to furnish necessaries for the army, and 
to keep a friendly and cheerful home for strangers and travellers. In the 
course of time these duties were divided between different officers. The title 
of Betagh, with the duty of providing for the poor and strangers, and with 
proportionate endowments for that purpose, were for the most part made over 
to ecclesiastics. From the accounts of these charitable institutions that have 
reached our time, we can gather that their source of wealth was all but 
inexhaustible, and bade defiance to prodigality. Kings, with their retinue, and 
often with a large army, were entertained at the Betagh's board. Travelling 
bards made their homes with them for lengthened periods; pilgrims were free 
to remain as long as they pleased without "guerdon or hire." Such a house 
of hospitality Cathal Maguire maintained at Bally MacManus. 

In discussing the history of the neighbouring ecclesiastical foundations, 
we shall see that at every period of the Middle Ages, and down till the 
Reformation, this neighbourhood had its Betagh. 

Gor,A Monastery. 

Within a gun-shot of Senaid-Mac-Manus, in the modern townland of 
Gola, the MacManuses founded, in the fourteentli centur)-, a convent for 
the Dominicans, under the invocation of the "Nativity of the Blessed 
Virgin Mary." Maguire, Lord of Fermanagh, contributed to the good 
work; and John MacManus, the son of the founder, who had been educated 
at the Dominican Monastery of Atherny, was most zealous in pushing it 
on. Under the fostering care of its founders the monastery fiourished. 
The friars, for centuries, devoted their time and attention to their own 
rules of life and the education of the children of their neighbourhood. 
They turned out from their schools scholars eminent in the domains of 
theology, science, and political economy : but they themselves took no 
public part in the affairs of State ; and, consec[uently, our annalists are 
seldom called upon to notice them. They knew their own place, and they 
kept to it. 

File (iauhi Convent was su[)[jrossed at tiie Reformation. 



THE DOMINICANS AND FRANCISCANS OK BAI.I.V MACMANUS. 137 

De Burgo {Hibeniia Dominicana^ p. 155), speaking of his own order, says 
that almost all went into exile of their own accord, or were transported by 
force to foreign lands. A few only remained, who, unable through age or 
infirmity to depart, sought safety in caves, ex were concealed from the authori- 
ties by humane Protestants; and, he adds, " not one house of religions in the 
whole land escaped suppression." However true this statement -may be of 
the Dominicans, it does not apply in all its fullness to the Franciscans. The 
decree of exile against all Regulars was [)ublished in September, 1697. They 
were commanded to repair to the port of Dublin, Cork, Kinsale, \'oughai, 
Waterford, Wexford. Galway. or ('arrickfergus, on or before the ist May, 
1698, whence they would be transported beyond the seas in Government 
vessels. 

The Definitors of the Franciscan Order met in Dublin on 15 February, 
1698, to consider what course they should adopt. Although they issued 
definite precepts regarding the disposal of Church plate and more valuable 
articles of furniture, which were to be distributed among the benefactors who 
were most attached to the convents to be preserved for the friars, they issued 
no precept, but merely exjiresscd an opinion on tlie expediency of obeving the 
decree of Parliament. Fach member was left free to determine for himself, 
''whether, under all the circumstances, it were better for him, and those 
committed to his charge, to bow to the storm for a time, or to place liberty 
and life on the desjierate hazard of csca])ing deti'Ction." That man\- of the 
Franciscans either ignored the decree of banishment asid remained at their 
post, or withdrew for a verv short time in order to avert suspicion, is evident 
from the fact in the Intermediate ( 'ha[:)ter. held in I.ouvain on 26 fulv, i69(). 
(juardians were appointed for sixt\-two convents in Ireland, and eiglity-three 
priests on the Irish mission had their faculties renewed At the i'rovincial 
(Chapter of the Irish Pro\'iiice. held in l,ou\ain in 1700, twent\-seven ])riests, 
destined to labour in Ireland, were declared confessors and preachers. 'I'hese 
facts go to show that the l^'ranciscans were not deterred from remaining in 
Ireland, while thev furnish us with a clue to the motives by which the people 
of Pally Mac .Manns were actuated in taking sides \\\ the nu-morable dispute 
between the l'"ranc:iscans and I )()niinicaii>. with which we are about to deal. 

IV'rsecution ceased for a while, and the Religious at once set about 
restoring their convents. In Fernianagli, the Franciscans were fust m the 
field. Regarding Ciaula as a h-uumi Jcrciictioii, thev took pos>e-^sion of it. 
In i()f)0, the I'roviiu'ial of the I )()iniru<:uis seiU a innnber of priests from 
Sligo to restore the e.uiveiUs of the ( )riii'f 111 I'lster. Thex' were everywhere 
opposed l>\ the secular cleruN', tlie hnt\'. and the i'raneiscan^ The l-'r.uicis 
eans alisoluteb' refu^e^l to suirendei' ( laula. .unl the 1 )> >uiniic.nis s( em to iur.e 
for a time wittidi.iwn. Soon ,itl'T. Fatiier ( 'athal .MaeManus, probably a 
descendant of the original founder, retained after coinpletuig Ins studies in 



1 38 THE nOMIN'ICANS AND FRANCISCANS OF BALLY MACMANUS. 

Italy, and in conjunction with Fr. Thomas MacMahon of Coleraine, erected 
a new dwelling for the members of his order in close proximity to the old 
convent. ' 

The editors of the Monasticon Hibernicum are wrong in referring the 
sentence, " Modernus fundi Domus Jacobi King, Armiger,"- to the building 
erected in or about 1660. James King did not turn up at Gola till 1740. 
A number of Dominicans came to reside at Gaula, and the Franciscans 
protested against their questing alms in the neighbourhood. The laity took 
sides the majority with the Franciscans and much heat was introduced into 
the controversy that ensued. Similar contests were going on all over Ulster. 
Finally, the (]uestion was referred to Rome: and Oliver Plunkctt, the Primate, 
was, in 1671, deputed to examine and pronounce upon the respective claims 
of the contending parties. He associated with himself, as consulters. Bishop 
Patrick Plunkett : Oliver 1 )ease. Vicar-General of Meath ; and Thomas 
Fitzsimons, Vicar-General of Kilmore. The Primate came to Fermanagh, 
and summoned the contending parties before him in the Friary of Tisgool. 
We give his own account of the proceedings, extracted from a letter written 
to Monseignor Baldeschi, Secretary of the Sacred Congregation of Propaganda, 
on the 8th September, 1672 : 

I went to the nincese of Clnnjher, and near Enniskillen. in tlie Convent of the Fran- 
ciscan Friars, called the contending; ]iarties: the Dominicans adduced the authority of the 
ancient annals of that towir', written in the Irish laiii^uaLje, which i;ave the name of the 
Convent of Caula. and the year in which it was founded for the Dominicans. They also 
broUL,'hl forward tlie testimoii)- of an old jiriest, who swore that he heard from his father that 
the Convent of Caida l)elon<;ed to the Dominicans. They also produced other witnesses, 
who gave like evidence. 

'"Now, on the other hand, the Franciscans could brini; forward nothing hut negative 
arguments; that is, the signatures of those who attested that they had never seen or heard of 
the Dominicans being in that convent : that the ])eo|)le were not able to support both 
Dominicans and Franciscans: that the secular clergy were opposed to the Dominicans. They 
went abotit seeking the signatures of the gentry and others against the Dominicans: and what 
is more strange, they even went to I'rolestant gentlemen, asking them to speak to me against 
the Dominicans, and, ae fac/p, many of tliese spoke to me. and almost threatened me, ii 
I did not remo\e the Dominicans from the Diocese. 

"The Franciscans, moreover, added that the Dominicans, in case the convent once 
belonged to them, must, nevertheless, have lost their right to it, having abandoned and 
deserted it f(jr many years, so that prescription now holds against them. The Dominicans, 
however, replied, that in the time of war, jiestilence, and p)ersecutioix no prescription can 
hold good against lh(jse who abanilon their convents. 

"These were in substance the principal arguments on both sides, which, with the whole 
of the ])roceedings, I submitted to the l^isliop of Meath, Dr. Thomas Fitzsimons, Vicar- 
Oeneral of Kilmore, and to Dr. Oliver Dease, \icar-General of .Meath. They were of 
opinion that I should decide in favour of the Dominicans, and I did so."" 

1 De liurizo; ////. w//,/ l'>,Ti>i:nicai'.a, p. 532. 

'1 Ibid, p. \\^. 

'A \'ery probably the now lost Rfs^ister of Cloglier, which, having been wiiuen in the neighbourhood 
by Rodrick 0'Cassid\-, would contain so many local recorils, that a person examinin:; it for the first time woidd 
pronoiuice it to bt- the .innaU of the district. The town of I'.nniskillen was then only in its infancy. 



THE DOMINICANS AND KRAXCISCANS OF HAI.I.Y MACMAXUS. T39 

The Primate promulgated his decision at Drogheda on the nth October, 
167 1. It is addressed to the bishops, vicars-general, parish priests, and 
curates of the different dioceses affected by the controversy. After detailing 
briefly the facts of the case, and setting forth that, in addition to his orditiarx 
authority, special authority had been delegated to him from Rome to deal 
with the controversy, he says, ififer a/in, " It is manifest from the produced 
documents and proofs, that the Dominicans possessed the Convent of Ciaula. 
in the Diocese of Clogher, . . . we with the counsel and suffrage of the 
aforesaid consultors, by this present, ordain and decree that the Dominicans 
may ask for alms and (]ucst as the other Religious do. . . . We 
therefore impose on all and each of \(ju, and strictly command you, under 
pain of suspension, which will be i/^so tixcto incurred, to obey this our decree 
and order, laying aside ever\- excuse and tergivt-rsation.' 

Although Rome had spoken through her representative, the dispute was 
not ended. The l'>anciscans still urged \\\(t\x exclusive rights, and the laity for 
the most part adhered to them, A lailky petition, signed by an endless list of 
names, was forwarded to Rome. i)raying that the Franciscans alone should be 
allowed to (juest in the diocese, and claiming the Convent of C.aula for that 
Order, 

The renewal of persecution in if'iy,^ slojipcd the controversy for a while, 
Proclamation followed proclamation, until, in ibyS, a climax was reached in an 
edict bearing date October i6t]i of that venr. It commanded that ''all titular 
archbishops, bishops, vicars-general, and other dignitaries of the Church of 
Rome, and also all Jesuits, and other regular prie'sts. should depart by the 
20th November; and that all Popish, societies, convents, seminaries, and 
l'o[)ish schools should clissol\-e." The reader of Irish history knows the 
nu'ans ado{)ted to give this enactment effect. .Vfter somi' years these enact- 
ments were not entorceel when the war !)roke out again. The longer it 
continued, the more savage it became. The I'ranciscans moved heaven and 
earth to have the Primate's decision >et a>ide. They maintained that he had 
decided without ha\ing heard both si(le.->. To meet this charge, he obtained 
an attestation from .\rdel .\tac,\lahon, \'ie,ii- l-'orane of (."logher. thai he had 
heard both sicks, 'I'his attestation he mentions in a letter to Nbmseignor 
lialdeschi. bearing date I'ebruarv .^th, 1072. Thi-re i-< also t'xt.mt a letter 
from i )r, kit/simons, \'ie;ir-Cieiieral of Kihnore, written on the jtii September. 
1670, in which he savs : 'The eknms ol the Dominicans had in their taN'om- 
.\nti(|ua clo(-umenla, vestigia locoium, el .\nn,ileN i'alii;e, jiervetastos, ijuos 
ijisemel vi<ii in aiitiqua meni'oi.nia eii-ei ipl- '-. ct apud .\nti^ luarium d:cti 
('omuatus i''erm,un':e eustodilos.' ' ' II w.is only \\\ lOyS that the contro- 
vers\ was ended bv a letter trom the Hol\ .See eonlirmmg the i'rimate's 
decision. 



(40 THF'; DO.MI.XK \X~^ AND FkAXCISCANS OF r.AI.IA MACMANUS. 

One of the reasons assigned by Oliver Plunkett for retaining the Domini- 
cans in Fermanagh was, that they were good preachers. They soon proved 
themsehes efficient teachers In their school graduated Dominick Maguire, 
a native of Fermanagh, who was appointed by propaganda Archbishop of 
Armagh, on the 14th December, 1683; and by a brief dated January 12th, 
1684, empowered to perform Archiepiscopal functions without the pa/Iiuin. 
He was instrumental in saving from destruction the valuable library of Trinity 
College, Dublin, during the Civil War of 1688. In 1691, he had to fly to 
Paris, where he died on the 21st September, 1707. His remains were interred 
in the church of the Irish College in that city. The inscription on his tomb 
reads : 

''Hie jacet lUust"'' ac. Rever"' D.I)., 

Dominicus Maguire Archiep"' Arm. totius Hib. 

Primas. 21 Sept. An"- 1707. defunctus. Recj- 

uiescat in pace.''' 

Fr. Galesius MacMahon and Anthony Maguire, Provincials of tlie Order, 
were pupils of Gaula Schools. In 1756, Fr. John Maguire, who was then in 
the 55th year of his age, and the 26th of his religious profession, was Prior. 
He too was a Gaula pupil. He completed his studies in Rome, under Dr. 
Burke, the author of Hibernia Doz/iinicana, who refers to him as " ?neus olim 
discipulus^ fUDic atitein post complctos lecturcE Citrsus, S. Theol. Mat^istery The 
only other Dominicans in Gaula in that year were Fr. Thos. Nolan, who was 
aged sixty, and had been thirty-eight years professed ; and Fr. .\nthony 
Maguire, aged fifty, who was twenty-seven years professed. This Fr. Thomas 
Nolan is the same who, on the nth February, 1744, was seized with 
Fr. O'Kelly, O.P., Roscommon, in the Dominican Convent, Dublin, and 
thrown into prison. He died in Dublin, July 13th. 1758. 

Not a vestige of this famous monastery remains. Its site is marked on 
the Plantation map of 1609. Local tradition points it out in a large field, a 
few perches from Carry Bridge. Seward, in his Topo;^raphica, says "the 
monastery was dedicated to the Blessed Virgin," and that when he wrote, in 
1795, '^'J'l^L' remains of it were to be seen where formerly stood the village of 
Gola. lulwin Trueman, in his Xofes of a Trip to Irelaiid (Newark, a.d. 1S90), 
savs "one Robin Wilson, the tenant of the monastery lands, wlio was then in 
his goth year, pointed out t(^ him some traces of the abbey buildings." These 
traces, if indeed they existed, have since been obliterated. Gola is not 
mentioned in the great survey of the spiritual and temporal lands of 
Fermanagh, made at Devenish on 7 July, 1603. It was then probably too 
inconsiderable to be formally escheated to the ( 'rown. In the Inquisition, 

1 H'- lived a Ion; time in Spain, iecam-; honor.-iry chaplain t'l the Spanish Ainbassa'lor in lyin !on. and 
at the time of the ' Pnpi-h I'lot, " .\o\-. I'.'yS. was arrested and lir.iURht before the IIoiim- of Lords, as a 
suspected per- n. He t!;- re maintained that hr wa- Ix Tn in Spain, and !iad ne\er hem natiir,iil/ed. He wa'- 
then released. I'ahncr-, /.//,,- Cnr.un.u //<>rr^r,/, pp. 185, !-. 



THE DOMINICANS AND FRANCISCAXS OK BAIJ.Y MACMANUS. I4I 

held at Enniskillen on i8 September, 1609, to inquire into the ecclesiastical 
lands of Fermanagh, it is mentioned among the herenagh lands of Derrybrusk. 
De Burg, as we have already seen, refers to a James King, who was in 
possession of the Gola lands in 1740. He was the brother-in-law of William 
Gore, the cousin of Sir Ralph Gore, who between that time and the end of 
the century owned Bellisle. Sir Ralph (iore was the son of a ('hancellor 
of the Exchequer, and succeeded to the estate on the death of his elder 
brother in 1746. He distinguished himself in the battle of Jaffelat on the 
2nd of June, 1747, and was, in 1764, created Baron Gore. In 1768, he 
became Viscount Bellisle, and Earl of Ross in 1771. In 1788, he was 
appointed Commander-in-Chief in Ireland, in the absence of Eieutenant- 
General Pitt. He died in 1802; and as his son. Viscount Bellisle, had died 
before that date, the peerage became extinct : the baronetcy passed to his 
nephew.' The estate was afterwards purchased from the Gore family by the 
Rev. J. G. Porter, the father of the present owner. 

1 From Pynnar's Survey, 1619, we learn that Kiulolphus (l.jn- was the original patentee of two tracts of 
land, called Cornagrade and Carick, in the baronies of Coole .md Terkcnnedy, eacli containing 1,000 acres. 
In 1619, the Cornagrade property had passed into tlie hanils of Sir William Cole, and Captain Haul (lore was 
in possession of Carick. 






THE 



STHWARTS OF BALLINTOY 



WITH NOTKI'.S Ol 



OTHER FAMILIES OH THE DISTKIC 



IN IHK 

SEVENTH i:\ Til CK^"^^K^ 



By the Rev. GEORGE HILL 



COLKRAINE: 
lOHN M'COMBIE, 7, MEETING-HOUSK-STREET. 



1865. 



^be Stewarts of Ballinto\), 

( Continued from pai^e S'g, ) 

'()iu of monuments, traditions, private recordes, fragments of stories, passages of 
bookes, and the like, we doe save and recover somewhat fioiii the deluge of time."' Bacon i 
Advancenieut of /.eariiha^. 

1 The extreme scarcity of this pamphlet - llie writer's first work renders a reprint most desirable. A few 
notes and some corrections have been made under the guidance of the Res-. George Hill, who was able to 
re\ise the proofs of a work written by him thirty-five years ago. KnnOK.l 



ORi) AN'l'RlM had returned to Dunluce Castle 
for a temjiorary visit, and during his stay there 
( leneral Monro cjuietly took him prisoner and lodged 
him in Carricktergus ( 'astle. Anotlier Archibald 
Stewart, who was related to the agent, and who 
appears to have been Squire to Lord Antrim, set 
about planning means for his liberation, which was 
accomplished with great tact. He procured a pass- 
port from the (Governor of Garrickfergus, as if for an invalid leaving the place 
Lord Antrim was forthwith dressed as such, and no one recognised him. He 
was thus carried on board a vessel about to sail for Carlisle, where, when he 
arrived, he quickly dispensed with his sick garments, and, accompanied by 
Stewart, set out to visit the king at Oxford. After a brief sojourn there. Lord 
Antrim and Stewart returned, carrying with them very important papers and 
letters to the chiefs of the royal party in this country. I'heir movements, 
however, had been closely watched, and no sooner did they reach the shore, 
than they were seized by one of Monro's officers, and lodged in Carrickfergus 
('astle. 'i'heir papers were sent by .Monro to the provisional Government at 




THF. SIKWARTS OF IIA I.I.I NTOV. I43 

Edinburgh. Stewart was soon afterwards brought to trial for assisting Lord 
Antrim to escape, and having been convicted, was executed at Carrickfergus, 
in July, 1643.1 

Few families have sent out from the main stem a greater number of 
collateral branches than that of the Ballintoy Stewarts. The first settler, 
James Stewart, had, besides Ninian. his heir, a younger son, David, and two 
daughters, Jane and Christian. David married and left three sons, and, in 
addition to his direct male descendants, he is represented through the female 
line by many families, among whom may be mentioned the Maconaghys, 
VVoodrows, MacCooks, Gillespies, Grahams, MacCoys, Browns, MacAllisters, 
MacQuoids, Temples, Eglintons, Johnstons. Andersons, and Macllroys. David's 
two sisters also married and left families. Christian became the wife of her 
kinsman, Brice Dunlop, but we have not been able to ascertain the name of 
Jane's husband.^' 

Ninian, the representative, besides his heir, left a younger son, also named 
Ninian. and one daughter, Catharine. Catharine married John Stewart, of 
Red Bay,^ and besides many families of Stewarts descended from her through- 
out the Glynns, her descendants in the female line intermarried with the 

1 General Monro's letter to the Eiii^Iish Parliament, dated Carriikferijus, 2?rd .May, 1643, informing them, 
among other matters, of the capture of Lord Antrim, iMnchi(le<; in tht.se words : "The I'.nrl of .Antrim shall, 
God willinf;, be kept close in the Castle of C.arrickfcrgus till I h aiiiuainted from your honours concfrning 
him ; and the traitor who conveyed him last away is to be e.vecuted, since we can extort no di-covery from him 
that is cont.ained in the papers sent to .Scotland." This letter is pritited in Dr. Reid's llistnry, vol. i , p. 410. 

'i The Dunlops nuist have settled on the .Antrim coast soon after their kinsmen the Stewarts, and were 
probably influenced in doin^' so by their relati .nsiiip to the latter. Dryan (sometimes written Uryce) 
Dunlop marrieil Christinn Stewart, a dau;.jhter of the tir-t settler of that name from Huie. The Dunlops were 
orij;inally .an Irish race, known in I'l.idh as the O'Duinsleibhe, or MacDuinsleiblie. now .\n;Iicised I)onlevy 
in this country. .Members of this once jjowerful family were princes and chiefs in Ulidia. .At wiiat period, or 
under what circumstances, ihey emigr.ated to Scotland is not known, b\it in that kincdom their ilescendants 
were called Dunslephes, Dunslaifs, Dnnlaps, Dunlops. and I.i\ iiu-^lones. (See /vV(' Tof'Oir.iphical !\h->ns, 
edited by Dr. O' Donovan, .\xv. , 160. 1 P.etueen th- year-- i ;o6 and 1 ^og, Kini; Robert I>rnce granted seven 
and a \\3^'i Si'iit-inargis of land in his lordship of Kin'y- lo lanie.~. ;lie son of Dunslrph. the craniee rendering 
the forinsic service of ,a shipof 26 oars, with its compli ni>-nt .it men au'i '. iouials. ' H aJi'iu^n' s ( ''llectii'i: . vol. ii., 
p. 77, quoted in Ori^i:i,s Pii'ochial-s Scoti.e. vol. li.. p. ^l ,.) In r ;:;7. lohn M.ir D rislaif appears in record 
as po~sessin^ the lands of .Auchnucree, in the Lordship of Loam. .\ sm.ill fret-bolil. orii;inaUy <if twelve acres. 
but latterly of only si.v, in Lismore. has been held for many centuii-s 1 y a fmiiU named Livin'.;stone, as 
custodiers of the bis'iop's crozier styled the Hacli.iill more. These I ,ivin;.:stonrs are locally known as 
the liar ms of Hachaill. In the churchyard of Kiliiri le, C'aiiiire. there is .1 luri.ius cros^. now laid as a 
gravestone, with the crucifi.vion, surmounted by the letter^ I. II. S.. s.ud to mark the grave of Living- 
stones, in Gaelic .M.iclanlea. {On'iiinta Pii'o 'ii(ilr< s',-,j'/,/-, \o'. ii.. np 1^:;, i6!, -"^'i.) It has been con- 
iectured by Burke and o'hers th.it the Steuarts of ll.dlinloy .ire . Ic^. -tided from Ni-iian, the Sheriff of Bute, 
i)y his third wife, Elizabeth 1-iIair. but the mich .;! iti-r pr.ibabiiity is lh.it they are hi- p.isterily ihrcjugh his 
sec.tinil wife, fanet Dunlop. It d )'-s no- .ippetii tli.it j-'.li/.ibeih I'.l.iir left any hut one s m. Robert, who 
inherited from his father the lands of .Xmbri^m ire in ihe p:iri-h of Kingarth. and tlu- lands of t,)ueane in the 
parish of Rothesay. .See 0>-i\'!n-s PuroJiial.'s S,\>t\i\ under Kiiuarth and Rothe^tis . 

.! The foil )wini; dejiosition was made, no doubt, by one of the Red Bay Stewtirts, but how this family 
was related to the Hallintov Stewarts previously t.' the mat riage mentioned above, is n'>t known : 

The i-.vamination of .\ndr.-w Stewtirl of ("oshcnilonn in Culfigtrim parish, veoman, 

taken befo.e u> the sd .,lli d.iy .^i March, in;... 

Who beinc; sworne tin 1 e.vaminrd stiiili, I'h it about nin.- or ten .Liie, tifter tli .Murder at I'ortnaw about 

74 Hfitiis-li. y.Miig tind .lid .-ani.l nnlo ilii, .-xMniitMnt , boiiM- ,it Gosh. -nd. mil. (,\le\, M,acK.)v haveiiic 

rec--ive,l ord.-r- hoiu Alex. C.Iin Ma.-D .nn.-li, t. ..-. nr.- liii- 1 :x,iiii.ii.iiit > whi.th l!ritti-.h with their go.vi- this 

Lxaminani put int.) lii^ kill, (kiiii) thtit be this l'',\.itnin.ini u,. >ii - .in-- .icc.isi m being angry with tw.) Irish 

boyes, his ^rrvatits. they w.-nl un'o th.-stii.l .\'.-\.ci i'-r Mi Kiv .iti.l tiie c .mp.mie ..f 1 1 ish wlii.h wer.- with 

him, ab.mt h .If a mile them -. titid t.ild bim b.i.v thi- i . v.oi.ii.mt ii.i.l -.me S,;..t. h liid in hi^ Kill, fpoii 

whi h th'' said .AU-xamler MacKav, wilb .ib.in! siMr.tu- m<n . .iiu.- iin;o this L.v.iniin.mts Irnise, and demande i 

of him t'l.t kev of hi- kii:, ti'il ctiu-e.l iti.-al.l f ..uiiin.i'ii 1> .i;>.-m ill. iLwre. telling lii'ii he he.ir.i there was 

good si.M-eof g..i<l aii'i nionev there, and Iw M..ui i ^ i-w ii. An I ..- - . .n.- is th.- .1 ..r.- u.is ..,vned, all the .n.-ii 

with him weni into the Kill, ami t.) oke .lu.iv .ci i ;.!.'.' .1 th- I'-ritli-b . .f ih-i p.!.;.-, tin.! i.ird-IN, and of all 

their g.i.uls an. 1 nnm-v- wbtit- v\-er, t. . the . !..tii.-, un. m I'l.-ii ba '-- I li .1 t w.i nt.;b;- .ifter, ihi- Kxaminant and 

tillthe sai.l robb.- I p.-o;/ie f.r -.lety of ttiei; liv- .; .11 .iwa\- in .1 1- ..ite f.ir S.-otlan.l. and ititihei he saith not. 

H. C'.oie. Kii H. r.K.\siKK, May.>r. 

jW- .oe n.)\\ aim .St -ai'-'ird tii.il ih- iiin. !i w,.i ti, iint:titii.-d .11 inori.il -t.me in l,a\-.ie cburchyat.! (s.-e 
vol. v., p. 4.'), uhi.-li u.' were loiinerlv uii.d.le lo .b ijiime. 111, oJ.- ilie i e-tini;. place ,.f Stew.iit of Re.! l'a\ 
I 'astle l-.i)ir<.K.| 



144 "" SIKWAKI'S OK liAl.l.INl'OV. 

f"ariiil'ies^6l''Ma'cAlll.st^f,''M'icMeill, MacCiaghey, Hlack, O'Neill, MacCainbridge, 
i)e!{ari;;dy; 'Ma^ill, ''N'r'ydr'c^,' Ra'he, Downey, MacAulav, MacCoy, MacShannog, 
MacCahern, MaeMullin, Martin, Murray, Robinson, Murj^hy, MacKendry, 
VTa(}:C(3rtii!dc,''^'fdW)(Vtii^^Tlv(3''Lynn, MacKinley, Magee, Kulierton, Ramsay, 
aiVc^'M-atil^h'auW.' '"'''^'^- '< 

"'Ht/C-h^^'bfiU'i^r NMAh(w'ho was also the younger brother of Archibald, 
AV^ei'rt''to 'the st^*'Hnl(l'Eki-!"o'f 'Antrim) was ancestor of the greater number of 
ci'll&terftl'fa'i'iVfli^s^J' 'Hb'nT.WHed ti lady named Jane MacCullough, by whom he 
lef!t*U^1vi ld^ildt-ferl,'fi-t'e'yoiife ^iid seven daughters. The names of his sons 
Wfe!'^^'i''5ll'iiaWi, Cidff^, R'6b^ft; '.Alexander, and Lewis. His daughters' names 
w^i-t'(<hristiAh; rsW)kld-Maty,'0/izel, jane. Alice, and Rose. The following 
rtOtic^ of 'theii- fKHiiTffe's, 'alltho'ligh so brief, will enable the reader to form an 
idea-'k^ 'tht^'vAk^t' itiWUitlid^^'fcdnh^cted with the Stewarts of Ballintoy at the 
present day. i'he names undermentioned only represent the female lines to 
ihe' fifth g^ndfatidnffbttY Ninian '='"' - 

'" ^r:AW\\^tti', th<^'dafest sdrt,i Who lived in C\irey, left one son, John, and two 
dk^gh'ttrs; Maf-y an(^'^ Aihliey. Jbhn's daughter, Letitia, married the Rev. 
RbbefrfRow'ah, dfOldsto'iVe, ahd Mar^i-'her sister, married Hugh Dickson, both 
leaving large families, '{"heir descendants in the female line intermarried with 
the families of Hamill, MacCr(iady, Carey, Henry, Haillie, MacGuffin, Perry, 
Steele, and Blackhouse. 

, :;;,:^.; Robert, the second spn, sett^l^d i^t Maghremore, in the parish of Ramoan, 
^JipuVthree hiiles'froiif Ballycastle.. ii Hisifamily consisted of one son, James, 
and tw<) daughters, Rpse and Jane. Rose married Alexander Mac.Allistcr, 
and Jane became the wife of James Mac('ook. Besides Robert Stewart's 
representatives in the male line, his descendants in the female line inter- 
married, in their generations, with the families of MacAllisters, MacCook, 
Macllmoyle, Baird, Sheil, Orr. MacMullan, MacBride, MacDowal, MaCxAuley, 
O'Neill, MaqHendry, and many others. ' ' 

. ''3: Alexander .Stewart, the third soil, resided at Capecastle, also in the 
parish of Ramoan, and adjoining Aldghremore. He left a fomily of two sons 
and one daughter. The? daughter, whose name was Rose, married John 
MacAulayt '/ Beside.s his aescendants lin: the male line, .Mexander's represen- 
tatives in the female line-iiitern>al"ried, among others, with the families of 
MacAulay, 'GaU)<-aith, ; MacLoughHn, Boyd, Delict, MacDougall, MacKenzie, 
Hrtice, 'and 'Depniston:-'" -.'"r " , y; "''i 'y'^ 

, ^. Not rrliich is knbwnas to the 'descendatit-s of ( ieorge Stewart, the fourth 
son, who left only one daughter, Elizabeth. Her daughters intermarried with 
the families of MacCcjrmac, .Magee, Hamilton, and Ormsby. 

5. Lewis, the fifth son, resided in Carey. He left one son, William, and 
two daughters, Ro.ie and jane. Rose married a ])erson named Horan Lee, 
but wc have not any additional information as to this branch. 



THK SIKUARTS OF IIAI.I.I M ( )N . I45 

6. (Christian, the eldest daughter of Ninian, married;,- .;HiUtc;l^^jlso;>^p/ 
Stranocum. One of her ^,ons became a distinguislied lawyer, .-^iK^^j^ci^f^ifll^tici 
a very large fortune, which he left to he distributed among })i,s r,ei^tiv9,S|,t(i ,tl]e 
fifth degree. ,, ,, ,, ,,.,,,,j > , ,, \i 

7. Isabella, the second daughter, became the wife of Tljipipiis ^tfiwajit , pf 
Ksson, in Ramoan. Her descendants in the female line inte n)ai,T^ct^ wjtjji, fli,^ 
families of C-am{)bell, MacXeill, (Jusack, Lynn, Ditty, l,>^Ji)f)rvcl,.,|f|Tibsq)-), 
MacAulay. Macllhatton, Craig, MacCoy. W'arnock, Ma^(iari]eA'^j Scjilly, 
Macllmoyle, Steele, Hill, Dunkin, Madlroy. Hoyd, Montgumtjij-),',, jVlapKee-, 
man, MacCurdy. MacAllister, (ros^, Maclean, MacMinn, .Sear;ight, Hopl^ipjj 
Reilly, Dunlop, Anderson, Thompson, MacDonnell. MacKe,e\;er,.j|iIfimi^|,j 
and Boland. ., ,,, ^,. ,, ,j ^ 

8. Mary, the third daughter, was married to Malcolm .Mac:on4ghy. and i^, 
represented, at the [)resent day. by the MacoiKmhxs, MacXeill.s,. Ma((,\;r^ys. 
Wallaces, .Sr-otts, Sinclairs, .MacAtyres. MacHrides, Loughre\>,. Hjagks, 
MacCHiaigs, MacHenrys, .MacArlhur.s, hempseys, Cahills, Boyles. ,( anii)bplls,, 
Boyds, Kennedys, LyslcN, MoiUgonier\s, Macl'llvins, Hayes, Macl,lhatt,ric,k.^j, 
Rogers, MacMullins, MacLoughlins, Kaius, 1 )owi)eys, Browns, Ki;-kpatrjc;k^,j 
and Hulls. , ,;,:;;| ,.j/ 

q. Gri/el, the fourth daughtiT, became the wife of Captain Andrew, JolUe,; 
who resided at Drumnakill, Carey, and whose lineal representative?, .wp^^ 
Charles and Archibald JoUie, of the same place. The (iescjiidants of Andrew 
jollie and Cri/el .Stewart in the female line intermarried with the families 
of Thompson. Boyd, MacCurdy, Coleman, Hunter, Scally, MacC'ahan, MuHap,, 
.MacFarlane, Maclninch, MacCoy, l.a\erey, .MacCormac, Meghan, (J'Rejlly, 
.MacAleese, Maclntyre, Kelly, .MacAula\-, Sliaipe, Mac.Michael, and Kane. 

10. jane, the fifth daughter, married Daniel bri/el, and lett three daughters, 
lane, Mary, and (Catherine, who became the wives ot Rodger Mac(iildowney, 
fohn MacC'aw, and William 'rhom[)>on. Their descendants in the female fine 
intermarned with the families of .MacBride. Brown. Duffin, MacMuUan,. 
Hagan, MacKendry, farrier, Wilson, Hall, .Mac 1 K eniuih. .\lar(_\)rmac. 
Ferguson, Whitefort, Dollan, C.illespie. Hynes, ,\lac('oy, O'.Muiry, O'C.uillian., 
Martin, Doughan, Hunter. .Mac( 'urdv, Dougall, .\l,ic.\lli>ter, and .Nh^y-\'eill.. ^ 

11. Alice, the si.xth daughter, married .M.ijor Alexander ^lacAulay,, ot 
(ilenville, near Cushendall, and left one son .Vle.xander, and one daughter, 
.\lice. Alexander's daughtei, .Mary, bei .une the wiU: oi John Cuppage, and 
leh MX daughters: vi/,., Sar.ih, .Mice, M.ug.irei. T.li/.abcLli, Maiy. and another 
wliose name is unknown. > u.ili uiarrird the Kew j.ime^ .Moore, and leit fiu,ht 
c:hildren ; vi/.. .Vlexandei , j.ime.^. .Mai \-, .\d.iiii, Kcberl, ( harles, Hugh, ami 
Richard Alice (.'uppage iii.n-ried wv l\i.'\ Lindsay Hall anil left se\en 
children: vi/.., Mary, Tine, W alur, ,\ii.;;, 1 .r. >nor;i, Sarah, and John. Margijrel 
("up[)a^e miurk'd Surgeon Willi, un Diiigl.i--. ,md left eli'\ en children : \i/.. 



146 I'HI'. sriAVARTS OF KAll.INTOY. 

Mary, Jane, John, Margaretta, James, Leonora, Adam, I'homas, Anna, William 
Sharman, and Catherine Mildred. I'Mi/abeth ("uppage married Surgeon 
MacCurdy, and left five children : viz., John, Letitia, Stephen, Mary, and William. 
Mary C'uppage married a gentleman named ("ranston, and left one daughter, 
Sarah, who became the wife of Alex. Templeton. The sixth Miss Cuppage 
married John (ireer, and left tour children : viz., (".eorge, John. Alexander, 
and Sarah Mildred 

12. Rose Stewart, the seventh daughter of Ninian, married Neal MacNeill, 
of Cushendun, and left two sons, John and Lachlan. Her descendants in the 
female line intermarried with the families of Lee, Belli ngham, Stewart of Red 
Bay, Drumgold, Montgomery, and many others.^ 

'i'he foregoing list is curious in one respect, as showing wliat a vast number 
of families are descended in the female line to the fifth generation, from James 
Stewart, the first settler in Ballintoy. It proves to us simply enough the truth 
of the proposition that all men, high and low, rich and poor, are " of one 
blood," or, what, perhaps, is more difficult to believe, that every peasant in the 
land descends, more or less remotely, from princely ancestors. Take the 
humblest dweller on the Antrim coast, for example ; and whether he be a 
MacBride or Megaghey, a Shiel or Scally, a Mullan or MacCormac, we can 
trace his descent from James Stewart, the first settler of the name in Ballintoy, 
and from him to John Stewart, the first Sheriff of 15ute. From this point we 
can easily proceed to demonstrate that the ancestors of Mullan or Megaghey 
aforesaid were kings of Scotland and monarchs of Ireland, for thus may the 
several links of the genealogical chain be put together : John .Stewart, Sheriff 
of Bute, from whom our Antrim peasant is descended, was the son of 
Robert IL, of Scotland, the son of Margery Bruce, daughter of Isabella, 
daughter of David 1 1., son of Prince Henry, son of David I., son of 
Malcolm HI., son of Duncan, son of 15eatrice, daughter of Malcolm II , son of 
Kenneth II., son of Malcolm I., son of Donnell, son of ("onstantine H., son 
of Kenneth I., son of Alpin, son of Eachaidh II., or Achaius, son of Aodh 
I'inn, son of Eachaidh 1., son Domhangard II., son of Domhnall Breac, son of 
Eachaidh Buidhe, son of Aidan, son of (lauran, son of Domhangard I., son of 
Fergus Mor Mac Earca, of Dalriada, in Antrim, who founded the Scottish 
monarchy in North Britain, about the \ear 506. From this prince the family 
line runs on through Cairbre Riadaand C'oUa Huaish until it reaches Heremon, 
who was the first king of the Scoti in Ireland, and who reigned about one 
thousand years before the Christian era. From Heremon, genealogists 
endeavour to trace ihe line up to Xoah and Adam, and although they may 
not be able to do so very satisfactorily, yet we know to Adam it must extend, 
for in the words of an ancient Irish historical tale, "This Adam is the certain 
universal head which connects every genealogical branch, and the only 

1 List ii\ C/a!i>i>i:.s i' the ii uuhita.^n llcnhcs:. 



IHK STKWARIS OF BAl.l.I N I ( )V. I47 

beautiful wide branching trunk in every genealog\, and the genuine ancient 
founder and basis of every ramifying tribe, and the excellent solid stock of 
branching sides, in which unite and meet all the genealogical ramifications of 
the peoples, families, and tribes of the earth, which have been, or will be, born, 
from the first creation of the universe and formation of the elements, and of 
the nine orders of heaven, down to that notable day of the general judgment, 
when the truth of the sentence of the redeeming judge, passed upon them all, 
shall be seen proved." ' 

Archibald Stewart was succeeded by his son, named also Archibald. Of 
the latter, not much is known beyond the facts that he was an influential 
country gentleman, and for a time enjoyed the distinction of being a member 
of Parliament. In 1662, a dispute arose between him and Dr. Ralph King, 
also a member of the Irish House of Commons, respecting the possession of 
certain lands situated in the barony of Carey, and in the Island of Kaghery. 
Dr. King had been regularl} receiving the rents of these lands, through his 
agent, William MacKerrell,-' of Ballycaslle ; but Stewart was able to procure 
an order from the House of Lords, restraining the agent from collecting any 
rents in future from the lands, and prohibiting him from handing over to 
1 )r. King any sums that had already been received. i )r. King thereupon 
[)etitioned the House t)f Commons, the members of which felt indignant that 
Stewart had appealed to the Lords, in a case wherein another member of their 
House was concerned. The Commons, after due debate and consideration, 
"ordered, that Major (kjudwin, with as many ot the members as please to 
accompany him, do repair to the House of Lords at their next ^ittmg, and 
accjuaint their Lordships with the vole which passed this day (6 May, 1662) 
in this House upon the petition of Dr. Ralph King, one of the members 
thereof, for, and concerning the proceedings ol" .Archibald Stewart, Lsq., 
another of the members of this liousc, in obstructing the said Dr. King troni 
receiving his rents in the barony ot Carey, and Llaiul of Kaghlins, in the 
county ijf.Xntrim. upon [)retence oi orders from tiieii I.cjrdships, and the said 
.Major C.oodwin is likewise to declare unto their Lordships the grounds and 
reasons Ahieh moved this House to make the .^aid order, and thereupcMi to 
desire tlieir Lordships, in case theit Lortlslii[)> iiave given any orders, either 
foi- se(|uesterin;^ the. rents belonging to the said Dr. King, m the barony and 
island aft)resaul, or have done any otliei thing that doth, or may, hinder or 
retard William Mac^Kerrell, agent to ! )r. King, Iroin receiving the rents arul 

1 /y'at.'u- ' .1/u^/iA\i:/i, O Don .^.in ~ I r.m^l.vil. m, i'^ . ,. 

J Will. M.'lcKcn.'ll. or M.i, (..uiull, w.i^ [!..- |-,-p--,,-:,I,aix r ^I .1 v> IV "Kl .liul .)!;.< p .wrrful f.unilv, thr 
r.i Caii-il, who w.-ir i.inh:.- in I' l.i.lli, .ui.t u hosr .in. i.-nl i .-.; i-ii^ .-> wc:r i.iob.iMyui ihc I'.U-u cxtciuiinp 
hrl-.vcrii l',,illy.::istlc .iiri .\iin>\,..ii t m- li. )i th- .-.Iri ii .wlo .- K i h " .. ...y.i . Ti:.- Mlrs ol ."It Icl-t [woiiuh 
|)i iiii-i-iy 1 f-i,lciu;<-s in.iy --.W. I'c tr.u r^l, I li.- ) . ri ,,i I'lr- I '.i ( '.iii il piiiici - w.is !i!o'f.Pii iiy ihr rUoni.uis. on 
iiir fuiil of Ai.l.i^ii, u) i;:i';io.i'i, \ui-M .1 .;;.,,! ,.:;'.r u.i~ ;;.;ii'. in tin.- \'.-,-ir 1007. I'lii- M.iL'C.in-.iUs from 
1:1,11 P'-ri J 1 ;;ia(lu.illy ^.inl,, iMoii.;li liio \.iiio:;> l-u- - '' laiiiily ilf. .iv. i.iilii m tiic -cvi-iurciilli century iheir 
lu-.i.l or reiir.-sriil.ilni' onl\- o, . ui.ir.j t : ,. |i .m: ioii o: .1 ..r,a a.;cnl. Tiirir !>iKi.il pla^ e was Kamoan, wticr.- .i 
loiuli^Iont; rr, .H.lnl ilic >:<',ilii ol .1 Whii.m. \1., I ..M. :, 111 1.; . tin- -toii.-, wr h.iM \n:ru iiilonnta. ii.i.i 
innoiial l.caiiii,;-. Lu! i- !i-li'-\ ! ; ^ '>r l-uri-l. ..'i.! .1 .t a. '. ir.ur " I.m ; :iv ! 



148 THK STKWAKTS UF DAI.l.lNTOV. 

J rofits issuing out of said lands, belonging unto said Dr. King, that the such 
orders may be recalled and revoked ; that so the privileges of the House in 
general, and of their said member in particular, may be preserved free and 
inviolable/" It would appear that Stewart at once submitted to the decision 
of the House, for, on the 3rd June, we find the following order: "Whereas, 
Archibald Stewart, Esq., a member of thia Hcnise, hath by his promise 
put)lickly engaged, not to interrupt, directly or indirectly, the agent or agents 
of Dr. Ralph King, a member likewise of this House, in demanding, collecting, 
receiving and paying over unto the said Dr. King, the rents and profits of such 
lands, in the barony of Carey, and Island of Raghlins, as do belong unto, and 
are in the possession of, the said Dr. King, in his own proper right ; and that 
he will this day, by a letter under his hand, signify as much unto the country, 
that so all lets and impediments, which obstruct the said Dr. King's receiving 
his rents, may be removed ; it is ordered, that the message, formerly appointed 
by the House to be sent up to the Lords, concerning the difference between 
both the said parties, be no further proceeded in.'' In 1665, there is record 
ir. the Commons' Journals of a somewhat similar attempt by the same 
gentleman against another meml)er of Parliament. Under date loth of 
February, we have the following : " Upon consideration had of the petition 
of Peter Heaghan, a member of this House, t:omplaining against Archibald 
Stewart of Ballymacfin, parish of Billy, and William P5oyd of Carnequllagh (now 
CarncuUagh), for distraining petitioner's tenants without just cause, upon the 
(juarterland of Islandtickard, three quarters of Moycregmore, and three quarters 
of Lisnagall (Lisnagatt ?), in the County of Antrim, it is ordered upon (|uestion, 
that the said Archibald Stewart and William Boyd shall be summoned by the 
Serjeant at Arms forthwith to appear before the House and answer the 
contents ot the said petition. " This affair probably terminated as the last had 
done, by Stewart withdrawing his claim, of whatever nature it may have been, 
on the lands above named, as we find no further reference to the question in 
the Ccmimons' Journals. 

Of Stewart's chiklren, onlv one daughter, Berneila or Bernarda. lived to 
inherit the family property. This lady was married, al)out the )ear 1650, to 
her kinsman, James Stewart, son of John Stewart, of Straidh. in the parish of 
ballintoy. In 1664 her husband inherited the estates of his cousin, Ninian 
Stewart, of Kilcathan or Kilchattan, in the Island of Bute. These estates 
consisted of five marklands of Kilcathanmorc, three marklands of Kilcathan- 
beg, three marklands 01 Langlelorid, twenly-^hilling lands of Langilket;had, 
two marklands of Dungdill, or Dunzull, thiee marklands of Kildavanane, the 
^5 land^ oi Ballinkaillie and Hiackhouse, of old called the X5 li^i'ids of the 
Forest to bute, together with the family mansion of Kilcathan. so beautifully 
situated on the Bay of the same name. These pro[)erties were probably sold 
by James Stewart, of ISallintoy, soon after he came into possession of them, as 



THE STEWARTS OK liAI.I.INTOV. 149 

we do not find his name recorded as owning estates in Bute after the year 

1664.' 

Bernarda Stewart was buried inside the Church of BalHntoy. On a red 

freestone slab beneath the east window, in the chancel, is the following simple 

inscription : 

Under this stone 
Bernarda Stewart 
doth ly who pangfull 
Death overcame 
victoriously. 
1663. 

Close beside this stone is another red freestone slab covering the grave of 
a child named Nicholas Stewart, who was, no doubt, her son. On this latter 
is the following inscri])tion : 

Here lies Nicholas 

Stewart who 

departed this life 

the X of September 
1667. 

When tender plants 

Such as this childe, 

By nature comely, 

Courteous, milde. 

Have, christian-like 

Out-run their race. 

Not earth but heaven 

Have for their place ; 

Let us behinde 

Implore his grace 

That quickly we 

May see his face.' 

Aiiiong sonic papers touiul in an old chest at Ballinlov ( 'as tic, after the 
estate had passed into the hands of 1 )r. fullerton, was the following list, con- 
taining a vast number of deiiomiiialional names on the .Antrim prop -rty. 
This document, wliich is very neatly written on one folio sheet, was drawn up 
originally to facilitate the collection o( certain '" Lapsed .Monies " intended to 
licjuidate the immense debts incurred 1)\ the second l^arl of .Antrim, who was 
created a .Mar(juis in 1643. 'i'lic portion of tliis list here given includes all 
the names of i)laces returned from the baronies ot 1 )unluce and Carey. 
Readers throughoiU these districts will be able to compare, each in his own 

1 Die .l,-ccM,larit- .,r John Slewail.tlir fii-l ^lirritl , spr.-.ni ilicnisri\fM.vfr tht- i-.ilire islan.l of Huir. 
iH;iuii\ni.; il^ iir:iiM|i.il risideiii i-s, aiiM owniiiu; .LlII^J^I .lii iis l.'!.!..i jm ipci ly .it llic > oiiimcuceiiienl ol' tiic 
-o\i iii.-.-iuli I fiit\ir\-. Til MS. uc lind I lull in llu jmi ;h o! Kin.:i..tli. whii h uu liulc^ \hr -, ,uihri n (li\ i^ion ol [In- 
i-l.ind. <hr lan.K i.f Killis|oui;li, or K.-llMn.:li. Cnir.o.v. .An.Si iMii. .1 r. KilKh.Ul.in. o, Kiilcalliaii. I..in^ni, 
l'.n.;,,.iill, llruni.lv. Am. 14, Killd.iv .in.iii. ( .11 !a. l..ia... .iiul Ihiivul., urr.- hr\\ l,v ni. niacin ..1" iliis i.iinily. 

K.l"v-.-n ihc \L-ais i.pt an.l .' ;;. In \i.:>- niann r. ih.- ,.ia.K IM' .n^n-.u! k. .1 la-..i\-. :li,' Ui<-in division ..| llnt'i-. 

known .IS tlif Kon-si, li.il linkaiilir, I'.la. kh mis,-, K la,'. .nan.m Kilnio,,-, I ,.,-.il., .1. i.mr. I uiinirmlnn ^h. Ikirona-. 
ll.ll,-i..ac, Aulinclclsli. (,,trn.in. Krisl.i.;, Inni.illiMl. Kdnn-harl, l.al^^.^n<. l;.u niorr. I )ue.inf, .Xioscalpsv, 

llrnni,!. l..y, Killqi Hi.. \-li,,rv.,lik. lo^.-th'-r uiili il,.- ,inds ,., , npi.a! l,v the M.il and Casil,- ot K..llK-say. 

urif in possess!, ,n ,,l v,ii;,>n- liiMnli.-^ .i! >l.- w.t; 1 s ( .0 1 .irsiciukal Ironi lln- liisl shriitl ) 1 .(.-tuccll tin.- \-r.irs i^,-',, 
and i(-6o. 'I hr aiMivc lands u.-i<- .ill licM :\ 'kfi' ica iip.int- .1. cr,inls fr.mi the r.,\\u. .Srr i'r:j;:i!r.\ 
/'iirothnt/c.s .\.i'f:,r. I'.oish.^ol Kinui .i! li .mil Kolh. -.ly. 

- 'J'he armorial stones of Hailinn.y will si, rtly hr i;i\cn iii the journal.- ! inioR. 



150 rHK STK\V.\Kr> (i| l;.\I,l,l\T()S'. 

locality, the names of siih divisions of land and the number of arable acres, 
two hundred years ago, with the modern names and the acreage of the present 
day. When the Antrim estates were forfeited in the time of the Common- 
wealth, Lord Massereene had got hold of the barony of 1 )unluce, against 
which he had laid large claims, which, indeed, were allowed, or admitted, 
in the celebrated Act of Settlement of 1662. By that Act the Commis- 
sioners were required to cause the King's letters to be put into speedy 
execution ''for the full satisfaction of the said Lord Massarene to all intents 
and purposes ; which being done, your are then to cause the said estate 
whereof the said Lord Massarene is seized in the barony aforesaid, to be 
delivered to Daniel O'Neale, groom of our bed-chamber, in satisfaction for an 
incumbrance of a much greater value wherewith the barony of Duiiluce, set 
out to the adventurers, stands charged for the behoof of the said Daniel 
O'Neale."' 

The same Act of Settlement contains the following paragraph, explanatory 
of certain important arrangements respecting the barony of Carey : " And be 
it enacted by the authority of this present Parliament, that one grant or lease 
made by Randal now Marquess of Antrim, on or about the 21st of November, 
1637, of the barony uf Carey, the lordship of Bally Castle, and the island of 
Rachlins, and all his lands and hereditaments within the said barony, lordship, 
and island, or any of them, unto Alexander Mac Donnell, John Moore, Archi- 
bald Stewart, and John Trayleman, for ninety-nine years, from Michaelmas 
1637, which lease was made in trust in payment of and counter-security 
against his debts, shall be and remain of the like effect and force in law, and 
no other, as the same was before the making of this Act ; anything in this Act 
before contained to the contrary notwithstanding. And that the said estate 
and term of years of and in the said demised premises shall be and is hereby 
transferred from the aforesaid lessees unto and vested and settled in Martin 
Noel, Es(j., Thomas Carlcton, citizen and mercer of London, and John Brad- 
bone, of the Middle Temple, LondoiT, gentleman, who shall hold and enjoy 
the said demised premisses from henceforth, for and during such interest as 
they legally have by the said lease, U[)on this trust re[)Osed m them, that they, 
their executors and administrators, shall from time to time, dispose and imploy 
such monies as they shall raise or receive by or out of the said premisses for 
and towards the satisfaction and paymenl ol all such debts of the said 
Marcjuess as are \'et unpaid, and were intended by the said lease of ninety- 

I rJanii-l or Donnell O'Neill ua-% sou of Con O'Xeill. oi (.!astlertjaf;h. ulio^c family possessions were 
distributed ainon^ tlie Mont.^onieiies of the .\rds, the Haniillons of Killileach, liie Hills of Stranmillis. and 
others. 'I'he son of Con O'Neill found favour at the Kn.L;lir.li (.Joun. .ind was thus, in some measure, compen- 
sated for the loss ot his ancestral estates. He died in i66), au'l oi; his tonib. in lirvjiiuhton .Malherhe Church, 
is the f)llowin,- inscription : ' Here lies the body of .Mr. Daniel O'Xeale. wh.. descended from that ,reat. 
honoin-abl-,', and ancient family of the O'Xeales of li'eland. ti whom he addeil new lustre by liis own merits, 
being rewarded for hi-- courage and loyalty in the civil Har>, under Kinj; Charles the First and Charles the 
.Second, with the offices of l'o---tniaster-Oeueral of England, .ScotUuid. and Ireland, M.ister of the Powder, and 
(Jrooni of his Majesty's lied Chamber. He was married to the Rishr Honourable Katherine Counte.s.se of 
Chesterfield, who eiei ted him' this monument as one ol the last niarkes of her kindiie>,se, to show her afl'ection 
longer than her weak brc.ith wouM ~er\e to express it." 



THE STEWARTS OF liAI.LINTOY. 15I 

nine years to be secured ; and that all and every person and persons now seized 
or possessed of any part of the premisses, and reprizable by the rules of the 
declaration and instructions and this present act, shall be forthwith reprized 
for so much as shall be adjuged from them by virtue of the said lease." 

Martin Noell, mentioned above, was a London scrivener, who had accom- 
modated Lord Antrim with the loan of money to a large extent. Noell was 
knighted in 1663, and died of the plague, on the 29th of September, 1665. 
The list found at Ballintoy Castle refers to him as Sir Martin Noell, and it 
must, therefore, have been drawn up in the interval between those two years, 
probably in 1663.' Charles IL was observed to evince more than a common 
degree of anxiety to have the Marquess of Antrim restored and his estates 
relieved as much as possible from all claimants against it. It was whispered 
among his own courtiers that Antrim had led the King to believe the whole 
vast property would be bequeathed by him, in due time, to a lady who was 
said to be nearly connected with the royal family. The Marquess was often 
employed, to be sure, "in setting springes to catch woodcocks," and in this 
instance he must have felt that his success was at least equal to his ingenuity. 
The affair is thus noticed by Pepys in his " Diary," under date February 22, 
1663-64 : The King hath done himself all imaginable wrong in the business 
of my lord Antrim, in Ireland, who, though he was the head of rebels, yet he 
(the King) by his letters owns to have acted by his (the King's) father's and 
mother's and his commissions ; but it seems the truth is, he (the marquess) 
hath obliged (bound) himself, upon the clearing of his estate, to settle it upon 
a daughter of the Queen-Mother's, by my Lord jermyn, I suppose, in marriage, 
be it to whom the (^)ueen pleases : which is a sad story." 

The following explanatory note is appended by the cc^npiler of this curious 
and valuable document : 

" Collums in Hooks of the Lajjsed Moiiy containe, first ye Denominations, secondly the 
luunhr of acres, and thirdly ye Sunie to he Leavyed. 

" (Jnly observe, thai ye I'lies. to whom \e ^d. Lapsed Mony is ]iayal>le, having volun- 
tarily abated three thousand pounds out of tlie L;ro.-->e >uuie ol 27,0001., which i> a ninth part 
ot the sd. t^rosse siime, a ninth [)arl is to be deducted out ot each particular sume, the appor- 
tiiiiiment beinL; made for 27,000!., and tlien the remaining; eiL;ht parts are to be diNided 
into three parts, one thirtl of w hich bciiiL; only to I le i)aid at two ( ialcs (vi/.t. May and .\ll.saint> 
1699) to the I'"arl ol Orrery, ye other two persons t(.) whom ^d. Lapsed .Money i> jiayable, not 
haviiiL; yet applied lor their shares. Hu! note, thai if any of the LainK taxed .is papist L.mds 
are now in the hands of protestanls b) lawful purchase, such binds by a particular proviso in 
his Majesty's letters, are exempt from the sd. Lapsed Mon\. 

1 'I'hf cii.u-y .!' S.'iinn.-l I'cpv-. i onl.iiiis .):n_- oi i wo iiiioii'; r'-i.-nn, c^ lu Sir M.riin .N'ocll At ihc ?7thii, 
l'c-1)., i-o;, ( h.-i\e the l-lhnvintj : ' sir M.iitin Necll toM ti- ot ti-.v .ii-imtc h-twccii him .ts t'.irmer <if the 
A. lclitioii.il I )uiv, .UK I ili<: i'..ist liiiii.i Com, .my, :,;'i/-.'/i,'r , ,,;,-,> /, ,;//, ,'.- ./,>, whi. h hr -.lysi; i,, htiv in.i; l.e<-n 
cvtT rNtci-ni'ul SI,; liii-y s.iv it i-, iii.i ir ..I' e ill' .11 w. , .ir, ,111 i ^i- iW- u|.. >ii tu'i's, n It likr ll,i\ ,: heiii|). Mtit 
it ua, o.in-ifil a-aiii^; ihr C.iinnaii v. liioir^h tli-\- st.ma oiii ,u.iiii~i I'm- mtoIi t.' l )ii tin- -'t;i ol DctoLcr, i6s , 



llKTi; :s tlu 


.- to 


llowii 


1,,; noli. 


. ol 1 


,.i !\ No, 




Sll 


\|..:l 


10 Nool . 


. l.ui\ Is 


llfll.l u 


1th -11, 


t' lor 


tlle 


licat 


ll ol" llLl 


luisb.iii.l ; 


hut 


it ~ri 


Ills iioi 


.o.lyo; 


111 iJl.iko. 


myth 


111;; ( 


,.r 111- 


, ^l.itc. \v 


ilrthr, 1 


u- Ih- ,1, 


-.ill, U,,l 


th .lit 


ythi 


UK 


I 11,., hr 


li.ivin- ilc.i 


lit i 


n SO 1 


iiaiiy til 


llll:;s. 


puiill- .111 


.; [11 i' 


. ,ito 


, ..- 11.. 


.!.e<l\ ...111 


uiiilci- 


l.uul wl 


icicbo; 


a. hi- 


est. 


itc 1 


s, whi, il 


is the tate 


oft 


hesc I 


;ic.-t ill 


, tiers . 


a c\eiyt 


hill.:;. 























1^2 



THK STKWARTS OF l!.\l.l,INT()\ . 



Di'Ni.rc K Bakk(X (Hakonv ok DuM.n k). 



MoyovLT 

B;illybrai^at,'li 

Hallyiiogishellani.' . 

Castlenc'rina<^hain 

Parcel of Same ' 

Coolebane of the Same 

Ti)\vrenafjree 

Knockgallon i qr. of Knell 

Carrowgaragh, Do. 

Corkey . . 

Logheele Castle 

Hallybiadagh i qr. of Knell . . 

Tullcnknule, Do. 

Tontifenan 

Ballyveelv 

Ballywyanx Knock o Ilollit .. 

Ballyany .. 

Monynagooe 

Lissinisk... 

Artris and Tobhernagoolc^ 

als Tojicragoole ' 

Ballinalaggarl .. 

Ballereagh 

Drumnafevy and Drumhoulagh 

Knockruming ... 

Shanias ^ of Ballybough 

-Magherenehory, Do. ... 

Arteisford 

Shelton ... 

Alltrinedon 

Bally knock 

Ballyloop al.s BaIlylool)y 

Lydrumderge 

Aghegatldy 

Maghere\'an 

Ballylough 

Bally o Mar William 

Killraghti.'i 
Maglieryboy 
Cannaix)) 
Knocknafrim 

Lissboy 

Tamagoe 
rullegoic J (jrs. ... 
2 ijis. of Tulloge calKil Clogban 
2 ([r.-^. of Tulloge called Levall)-mora 
Cullinkeale 
(-'oolerimony 
Mullaghmorc 
Clouglicorr 
Ballygoiibin 
.Mronockum 



.Ir 


(.>. 




S Nil IS 1 


.cried. 


430 


I 





03 


07 6 


35' 


2 


24 


02 


05 00 


426 


2 


16 


04 


10 00 


233 


2 









246 


2 





02 


05 00 


212 





i 


02 


05 00 


'45 





0' 






:M 


2 


10 


00 


18 00 


623 


2 


^- 


01 


02 06 


^15 





21 \ 








- i 


4 


10 


354 


2 


10 ' 






190 


I 









340 





8 


4 


10 


350 


2 


16 


5 


17 


354 


3 


8 


3 


7 C' 


413 








5 


8 


191 


I 


24 


I 


2 6 


408 


3 


4 


2 


9 6 


i^3 


3 


8 


I 


16 


321 


2 


241 


3 


3 


320 


3 


8 ' 






175 


1 


81 


6 


10 6 


26S 


2 


ol 






270 


2 


o| 


5 


12 6 


330 





16 ' 






400 


2 


23 


2 


14 


237 


3 


8 





'3 6 


4S5 


3 


8 


3 


7 6 


500 





16 


2 


5 


209 





32 





iS 


109 


2 


16 





13 6 


497 








2 


14 


258 








I 


7 


622 





32 


4 


10 


419 





32 


3 


12 


132 


I 


24 


I 


7 


ri6 


2 


16 


I 


2 6 


129 





32 


1 


7 


107 





32 


I 


2 6 


")3 





16 


r 


7 


196 





16 






230 


I 


8| 


3 


12 


75 




24' 






124 




24 






105 




iSi 


6 


15 


92 




24' 


, ' ' 




90 


2 


i 


./''. '.'A 


I b 


76 


2 


o> 






277 








I 


4 9 



THE STKWARTS OI' I; 



Cornecall and Rossgard 

Kirkill i qr. ... 

2 qrs. of Kirkill 

(jremyheild 

Killinraver 

Millballinacrebegy 

Upper Kallymoylan 

Braekoge 

Lower Ballymoylan 

Enogh 

Ballyrobbin 

Ballycubbadall 

Letrim ... 

Ffarron Leassary 

Dunvaniey 

Magacy als \egary 

Conagher 

Hallynacreemoie 

Draughinilulke ... 

Chegitompane ... 

(ilanilough 

Ballynemough Carninany and Tarareagli 

Athoubuy 

Seniycock 

The Demesne of (ilebe of Ballynemonagh 

Cornanine and Lork 

CaruluUagh 

Cooleduffe 

Bally nacoffee 

Cassdall als (dassdall 

Uruinnehegligh ... 
Cabrine ... 
Ar(lnial[)hin 
Ardigoran 
Toalligin 

Taghifadd 

Cooleresheskin ... 

Hallyvatagh 

Taghy 

Balldoiielly 

Seacon 

KilmoNJe 

Sallyvutt <Jiir. 

Dranunacc 

Culdagli al^ Cullagh ... . , 

C'arvaliagh 

I ol Halboge 

Cavallaght 

kosske 

Ttall 

KillmoyU- 

L^orvaily and Cros-sregh 

Hallyonokin .md Balhvilliii 

C'loiiijhoin , .., 



\I. 


.INTOV. 






153 




./fr. 


Sums I 


<T7V,/. 




i68 


32 








68 


3 8 








75 


32 


9 







351 


16 








92 


0, 








88 


2 32 


3 


7 6 




202 


16 


3 


8 




133 


3 








9S 


2 16 


I 


16 




'55 


3 24 








i8i 





2 


14 




I So 


3 24 


2 


'5 4 




154 


3 24 


4 


1 1) 




io8 


3 .S 


I 


5 ' 




56 


.> 


2 


17 4 




113 





2 


17 10 




96 


3 " 


I 


16 




179 


2 


3 


12 




1 06 


I 24 


I 


2 6 




165 


I 8 


2 


5 




163 


I 8 


1 


16 




451 


3 24 


() 


15 




71 


I 8 


4 


10 




40 


2 32 








1330 


I 32 


2 


14 




1 2C 


I 24 


4 


10 




124 


3 8 








87 


I 24 


I 


16 




146 


2 32 


5 


.S 




113 


2 32 


3 


12 




136 


I 24 


I 


2 




61 


32' 








90 


2 32 








I 09 


2 16 








146 


I 8 


3 


10 




66 


I 16 








96 


32 








56 


3 24 


1 


14 




60 


I 16 








51 


2 


\ 


12 




125 





1 






109 


2 




14 




05 


3 8 




10 




137 


2 i() 




4 9 




140 


1 S 


1 


14 




q3 


I S 


1 






05 


16 




10 




37' 


.; 2 




16 




70 


3 4 




II 6 




97 


I 24 




6 




113 


'' 32 









123 


2 




2 3 




03 


16 


1 


1 .' 




;j 


1 8 


1 "' 





'54 



rUK STKWARTS Ol' li.M.I.IXTDY. 



/,vv>. 



Tohbcrclernan J Towne 

P(irtrusl) .. 

Cloghoirc and part of Spittle Land 

Ballylough i^ and halfo 

Other pt Ballyloui^h 

Bunarden . Towne 

Ball^'bogi:;)' 

Ballintibhert 

More of the same 

Ballyhome ^ Towne 

Hallykeele 

Ballyniuleere 

Ballynagarry 

Coolnegore 

Ffarrenleasserx . . 

Preists Land 

Leike 
Clontuske 
Cloney ... 

Tubbercoppane and Dvmhice V'illat^e 
. Ballysallai:;h 

Portballintray als Portbell 
Lissanedi) ffe 
Gortnehigh 
MuUaghniore 
Creghbanny 

Ballyhuntly 

Island Carrick' 
Tullycapple 
Ballylurgan 4 (^rs. 

Parke 

Ballynanis 
Ballynass 
Ballvloughmore ... 
Ballyloughbeg .. 
Glassncrine 
Bally na<rijre 
Urblerough 
Castledenerick ... 
Island Ros.^e 
Malledobher 

Ballyh'jme I <^)r. 

C'arnebore 
Mahebu)- 

Ballybislock 

Carnekogie 
Lisscomon 
iMahereh(jy 

1 (:.\RRI(,-R| \i>A. - Thi^ inclii'if I the 

Knci':k-->i;liy, an4 has hcen inxarialily but a 

more ah^iinlly iiUt;rpi<-lcil tile "' Rock-in-ihe-Roail : meaning, : 
-almoii ulien jourii.yiiii; westward to the net at Lar ybawn. Hut t 
the li-lit of ail oh.-.Inictioii : for. on the contrary, they ilehght to 1 
wa^ the name originally emi)loyc(l to (listingui>h i: a-- t/u' Rock mo 
been at lir.^t so namc-.l as beini; in ^ome way a^^ociateJ with tt 

I'rinciiialily. 



a^t isolatcLl rock, a 
siirilly written in t 



96 

66 
114 

.504 
62 

21)2 

"5 

isr, 
73 



1 16 

2 32 1 

. 24' 



16' 

8 
24 



<}(> 


I 


8' 


'7.> 


3 


S| 


141 





of 


04 


3 


8 


<S7 








S6 


3 


21 


Si 


I 


8 


/S 





32 


66 





32 


132 








75 


2 





7,5 


2 


16 


^^ 


2 


32 


208 


2 


o\ 


107 


I 


8' 


07 


3 


8 


116 


2 





34 


I 





129 





24) 


lOI 


I 


8' 


282 


3 


24 \ 


141 





0' 


152 


3 





218 


I 


S 


260 








12^ 


2 


7 


198 


1 


s 


SO 





32 


lO, 


2 


32 


1 28 


2 


16 \ 


II 





0' 


XJ 


2 


16 


104 


.! 


8 


199 


2 


iM 


S 


1 


s' 



Si/ Ills /.c'c'ici/. 

3 12 O 

5 8 o 

5 '7 o 

I IQ 4 

10 I I o 

3 12 o 

4 I o 
I 7 o 



I 13 


2 


I 17 


8 


I 16 





2 5 






I 8 8 



I 16 



I 
I 


17 

I 
13 


4 
1 I 

2 


3 


7 


6 


I 


f7 


9 


I 


17 


9 





9 


8 


I 


16 






I 16 

' 3 
I 16 

3 7 

ill 



little way oi'i the roa'it. opposite th 
u; C.iiide Hooks, Currick-n-ReLie : and still 
Is they say, the rock in the road of the 
liesihnoii evidently do not regard the rock in 
iiii^er around it as they pasS. Carrig-Riada 
-t remarkable in Dalriavla : or it ,iiay have 
e career of t'arbery Riada. the founder of 



thk sikwarts ok i;ai,i.i\ton- 



155 





./, 


(-. 


Si/ III i /.t':i 




Ballyloskey 


421 


2 8, 






Ballyduffady 


152 


2,6 


S 2 





Island Woagh ... 


Si 


ol 






Coole 


51 


3 -"4 


I 2 


6 


Knock VVallen 


38 


2 


2 14 





Carnuffe ... 


104 


3 


I I I 


6 


Knockanbuy 


(.4 


2 


I 7 





Another Pt. of Same .. 


^'.? 


3 '^ 


I 2 


6 


Ballyraghan 


142 


2 1 






Aghnecros.sie 


44 


1 S' 


3 3 





Abberdoney and Carnforck 


5" 


1 Si 






Carnecollough ... 


S6S 


I 16' 


'^ 13 





Inchgran 


102 


2 


2 5 





Stroan 2 Qrs 


lo.s 


2 


4 10 





Leverrey J and J^ 


140 


I 8 


I 16 





Qur. more thereof 


5 'J 


3 32 


1 1 


3 


Dromcottagh 


129 


2 


I 7 





Carnefoiek 


124 





I 7 





Mullaghduffe 


<^5 


3 


" 13 





Ballynefay 


'54 


32 


' 7 





Ballynefaddy 


204 





2 3 







5 1 > 96 


3 30 


753 10 


3 



.Sr. Martin Noell e! als for I'ayinl of Deht.s. 
Marquess of Antrim ye Kuversion. 



C.JiRRF. liAKKO. iHaKOW OK t".\RRV. 



Drumkett 
Drumcomon 

Crossalister 

liumiiiemelloge . 

Crisarch 

Glanackcrine 

Dunards \ and I 

Ballyvoy .1 Towne 

Hallyreagh }, Towne 

lUinargec I Towne 

Acruell 

Ballynagard calle<l I )rumnekell)- 

Bunaglen 

Diincarbett 

Creggbane als Hruaghinore 

Ffarnc mack allister 

Coolcnagappagc i (^)r. , 

Dowiie I <h. 

.M ulleniluganc ,,, 

I'art of Koddiiigs i (^r. 

'I"o])laiid ol Same 

Hall\|iatrick called I'luiueini- I <^iui. 

Other (Hir. called Magheicl^ughy 

llallvnestraide 



0^1 



47 
44 
27 
191 
146 
140 

374 

207 

227 

09 



1 9S o o 

-37 o u 

14 I o 

qh .'. n 

105 I 

1 ( )' > J 

;w 2 o 

.Sj; 2 

75 20 

10} 3 (V 



10 19 o 



1 4 





2 9 


6 


^^ 17 





.> 3 
" 13 




(1 



I I 4 



(1 o 4 



3 t' o 

2 q o 



56 



THK STKWAKTS OK BAM.INTOY. 



Ballylermiiie i (hir. 
Hallyclnghagli ami C'orragh 1 (^)ur. 
Ardinioiiy i (^)ur. 

Loughan i (Jur 

Ten Acres of Raniacadiiif 

Twenty Acres of Karenniac Malk-ii 

Torre 2 ( )urs. 

15aIlyocran 

Turmacroghane i Towne 

Maghera Temple I Towne 

The I'arcell of Lossett ... 

l^allynagare other (Kir. 

Ballyonan i (^)ur. 

Cullkeine i <^)ur. 

MoyergiK 

Torrilcsscan l (Kir. 

Moyergilt other (^)ur. ... 

Corvally ... 

Ardmoy Oiu- I'arcfll 

Athleake 

Kilbrohhcrt 

Bally vol ly 

Drumnenine 

Drumholly 

Towzare ... 

Ballynalagge i ()ur. 

Other (^)ur. called Tohl)erbally 

Magherimore I (^ur. 

Drum William I (^)iu. .. 

C^arnsamson I (^ur. 

(^arncullagh I (^)iir. 

Killkeyne al.s .Myerhaiic i (.^ur. 

Carnemone I (^)ur. 

Clogduninory I (^ur. 

Carnel)aiie I (^)ur. 

Drumargee 

Killgrcgg 

AltniamiiK' 

Home 

Tenemem.s of Hall\-(;a.slK.' 

The Castle Parke 

Drumsisske 

Lealand ... 

(lortetriimine 

Carndiiffe I Tow tie 

} of Xovilly called (Jortmadre 

Clare and Cariicony 

Forthrilis 

Tunoshiss Concealed Land 
Broom Towne ... 
( 'ajjc Castle 
Closihcorre I ( )ur. 



Acres. 




Sums Levied. 


156 


3 


o' 

c 




.9.S 
190 


I 






9 19 


77 





C) 




07 





<'. 




337 








4 4 5 


319 


CJ 





6 2 5 


152 


3 







S7 










121 


3 





116 


01 










61 





"1 




\2(> 








4 19 


'74 










106 








I 10 1 1 


220 








1 10 I 1 


170 
39 










2 17 


350 










S6 


f) 





4 !(') II 


270 










'f'S 










178 
174 









3 12 


"3 










43 








5 17 7 


13^ 










5- 


2 


"1 




51 


i 





619 


138 










S9 








085 


S 
106 









3 15 


7" 


2 





3 7 


58 





t) 1 




216 











85 





"1 


43 





" 


.S6 





0) 


82 


2 


o| 


55 





0/ 


231 








15 








9 





: 


460 








106 








ii'^ 





o^ 



16 8 



II 16 



THK STEWARTS OK HAI.I.I\T()V, 



57 



Rathmonea Parcell 
Legeorre i Qur. 
Braughgamon 
(jlassaghie 2 Qur. 
Magherenhere I (}ui. .. 
Maghere Castle I (^)ur. 
Crogenie I Qur. 
Lemneghmore i Qur. ... 
Lemneghbegg i Qur. ... 
Curasheskin i Qur. 
Ballynoe i Qur. ... 
Templeastragh ... 
Cregglappan 
Creganagh and Knocknagarvin 

Ballinlea i Qur. 

Proluske i Qur. 
Tobberkeigh 
Croghmore i Qur. 
Cregnemaddy 
Ballyeglough Qur. 
Island MacAllen 
Croghbegg 2 Qurs. 
Moyreighmoic 2 (^)ur>. 
Moyreighbegg i Qur.s 
Lisnegrinoge 2 ()urs. 
Brunegrce 1 Q)ur. 
Lissbrenine CJrogh 
Slianvally i Towneland 
Carneheirke 2 (^)urs. 
Ballymoge I (^ur. 
.Ardoughtragh i (hir. . 
Stradkillin 
Maghereboy 
Donaghmore 
Hallylcne) 
("arnside i (^)ur. 
Ardelragh 
Lisscrlas.'^f i i^)ur. 
TaiKJdw I (^)ur. ... 
riogher TownclaiKi 
Cas.slaiicj^rce 1 (hu. 
Killcubbin I (^)ur. 
Hallyal;ii;hty I (^)ur. 
HallvntON 
Ballintavlor 
Mullai^hdiitTf 
I yiiciic Rob.iii 
Hallany 1 (^)ui. 
Acernagh 1 <^)ui. 

M 



Acres. 




Sums 1 


.evi 


'd. 


2f) 


3 





1 


7 





184 
119 


I 




0' 


3 


3 





171 


3 





3 


'5 


5 


139 


I 





2 


6 


8 


' il 


I 





T 


5 


n 


92 


1 





I 


7 





37 


'> 





2 


5 





133 


3 





2 





6 


160 


1 


o| 


4 


I 





78 


3 


0' 








^7 


2 





I 


13 


2 


67 


2 


n 


I 


2 


6 


104 


I 


(1 


-4 


10 





'32 


2 





3 


19 


1 1 


5 


3 





1 


7 





S5 


3 





2 





6 


7S 








I 


16 





loS 








2 





6 


I 7 r 


ri 





4 


13 


4 


54 


I 





I 


8 


8 


214 








? 


IS 


5 


'35 


.^. 


(1 


4 


19 





94 


I 





3 


6 


5 


21Q 





" 


3 


'9 


1 1 


()0 


3 


() 


1 


19 


1 1 


140 


- 


n 


3 


If) 


q 


577 


C) 


" 





9 


" 


iSq 


2 


t) 


3 


iq 


6 


i.vS 





1 


5 


1 1 


4 


lS() 





' 








II \ 








I 


10 





64 








3 


7 


6 


yi 


3 


j 








4S 
OS 


3 





5 


1 5 


n 


loS 





(1 








I 12 


.; 


(1 


2 








121 








2 





() 


2.SS 








3 


1 2 


" 


134 


2 


" 1 


, 


1 1 


1 



i5 



I'KWAIMS ()| I'.AI.IIVI'OY. 



Killiuilt I TiuMie Land 

I{all)ncai^li i Towne Land 

Ballyvert^an i Towne Land ... 

Killpalrick i Towne Lan(1 

l'.allyc:ill I Town Land 

liallykcny A Towiiland 

Keawramer 

I'aiccl of Messon 

Tvdloyhore 

Ciortanillagh 

I'inercat^h als Towas^hieagh 

Crumogl I (^)ur. 

Altra.sagli I (^)ur. 

Killerof \ Town Land 

Uimane ... 

Knockans 

Mimadoy i (^)ui'. 

Slrnangallniore . . 

Braum als Hrceme 

Clegine... 

Bun.shamlong and 'rulloughpalrick 

Killmconieoge ... 

Killetragh J^ Towne 

Kihillutragh 

Killincole 

I.sland Carde i (^ur. 

.Monaster ^ Town 

Lissnegett I of Monesler 

Carnekeene 

Li.ssniarerty I Our. 

Ma.sse.ss i (^)ur. 

Carkclough als Carnecloughane 

Carnereagh 

Carelolus i ( )r. 



179 O 

1 69 ^, 

294 n o I 

1 70 o o 

1 20 o o j 
I N o o 

I o 1 o o 

144 3 ol 

264 o o I 

I y> o o 

9S 2 o 

140 2 o 

3-'j .^ " 

52 I o 

103 o o 

3;/) ' o I 

40 3 o ' 

204 o o 

1 04 o o 
65() I o 
167 o o 
2S4 o o 
1 36 o o 

121 2 o 
115 o o 
155 o o) 

43 o o' 

123 U 0\ 

65 o o ' 

151 2 O 

55 o o 

173 o o 

1 1 S o o 

226 ;6 I 6 



Siiiiis /.I'TirJ. 



S3 S o 



I 2 6 

I 16 o 

I 12 8 

I 2 6 
4100 

I 7 o 

4 10 o 

13 t. 

1 16 o 
o 18 o 

4 1 o 

5 12 6 



Z'311 



I'Vom the foreujoing i>i.st ii will be seen that man\- of the present names of 
townlands in former times were not used as such, althouLi;h they were no doubt 
well known in connection with subdivisions. On the other hand, this List 
exhibits the names of man\' leading divisions of land in each neighbourhood 
wliich are now merely local names, a[)[)lied to small portions of townlands, 
and, in many instanc:es, to single farms. i'he parish of Kamoan, in this 
res])ect, may be taken as a fair illustration of the whole district. In 1663, the 
names Aghaleck, Ardagh, Ijallydurneen, Carneatley, 1 )oonfm, l)rummans, 
('lortconny, and Mullarts, were not applied to leading divisions in this parish, 
althf)ugh they are now usetl as names of Townlands. On the contrary, this 
old Lint ])reserves the names of .Altmamine, Howine, Lealand, (rorteirumine, 
.md Portbritis, which are now obsolete, or ap[)lied to very small subdivisions. 

lhe-.e liflecM ,ub(ii visioiib w.-n- jiiuulcJ in ihp Island of" Kallilin, 



IHK SIKWARTS OK HAl.l.I^TO^. T59 

James and Bernarda Stewart left one son, Archibald, who married a 
daughter of Sir Toby Poyntz ; and one daughtt-r, Mary, who became the wife 
of Richard DobbsJ 

In the year 1653, the leading Presbyterian families in the counties of 
Antrim and Down were threatened, for u time with serious inflictions by the 
Commissioners of Cromwell's Rump i'arliameiit. The Presbyterians at this 
time cherished monarchical principles of government, maintaining that the 
authority of Cromwell was a sinful usurpation, for this they were sunnnoned 
to Carrickfergus, and required by the Commissioners to take an oath called the 
Engagement, by which they would have abjured or repudiated the C.overnment 
of Kings, Lords, and Commons. The Presbyterian gentlemen loyally and 
resolutely refused to comply, and expecting their refusal, the Commissioners 
had previously made arrangements for transporting them and their families, 
en masse, from their homes in the North, to certain districts throughout the 
province of Munster, which had been depc^inilated b\- war. Proclamation to this 
effect had been actually made at C'arrickfiM'gus, and transports were prepared, 
and lying off that place, to carry the Xorthern Scotti-h settlers into the South ; 
but, fortunately for them, the Rump, from which the Conmiissioners drew their 
authorit)-, was suddenly dissolved, and the Presbyti'rians were allowed to 
remain in their chosen homes. .\moiig thr families thus threatened with 
removal, we find the following names of sever;il Stewarts residing in the parish 
of Pallintoy, and throughout the Route, vi/. : Major John Stewart, Captain 
James .Stewart ('aptain Alexander Stewart, Ale.\an(Kr Stewart, sen.. Lieutenant 
Thomas Stewart, and (^uarter-mastt^- Robert Stewart. '"' 

1 Her eldest vm. .\rthur. \v;is born at (;ir\.i;i. in Scatlaml. .-Xpril 2. i6Sq. This .\rthiii Dolihs uas 
.'lUthor of several works which were miuh read ami appreciated at llir lime of their pidjiiration. He wrote an 
essay on the Trade o> Ireiniid, a treatise on the !'rnl-abiiit\ or a Xurf/i- li'rsf /'.li-vu^v /o !i:i!,i, ami an 
account of C(i/^ai AJiddUtoa's I'l'yi^f to Jimhon's J'ay. \'>x h\-> <-^\\c\l:n\^y\-, and advice the r,o\crunienI 
sent out two \essels in 1744 to find out, if possili'r, ilie taniali^inL; N'orth-Wes: l'assai;e In 1753 he u'.i-- 
appointed (iovernor of North ('aroli'ia. ami died in his u>\ ernnunt. at C'asile |)olih-. C'l])-,- 1-ear. neai 
Brunswick. 

There were at least two other instance-, of iiil.! in.'.rri.iu.- ''Cw-n the fannlies of .Slew.irl an! Dohb- 
Conway Kichartl Dwbb-, married .\nne Stewart, li.iu-hter ,,f Alexander Stewart, about the year 17;'. .md 
Francis Dobbs, the w.li-known or.ilor and prophet, in-niied |.,ne St. -wan. d.in-.;hter of .Alexander Stew.irl. 
snrn.ameil (baceless, in the year 177 ;. 

1 P.eMdes the Stewarts, the followinL: a; r ih. n.iines , ,f ,,: h--- I'resbvteri.in landlio],!er-. in the Route who 
urre 10 be .xpclled from tlieir home-.: I irut. nam -( olon.-l k..-! Kenmdy. Keruu-, \ta. iou^jall. |..hn 
M,,.d..ui.Mb lohii l;,.v>-. lolni Cetty. |an)e. M;i\w.|]. ('apta;ii M.uinadnke sh.aw, |,,hn Henry. Cornet 
Robert Knox. Wiliiam Hutchin, Robeit lleiny, .Ah x. Scit. li.nlcn.mt |..in. > .M .ncrirf, Robert H.nrut.-. 
.\n Ir.-u Ro.v.-ni. Thov Rovd. Sauuiel I )unbarr. .\lrx .ndei Delap. Ad, on l>.-l.i)). Anthony Kenne.ly. Majo, 
ll;mh Momo,i,.-r\. Cornet l,,hn Cordon. C., pi., in |ohn llusi n. C nim.in: -Coio,,,-l Cnnnuiuli mu lohnRell, 
Adam l;o\ '. 1 ,hn Rcid, I.'i.-utenanl .\icl,iS.dd CuupbeM, b-bn I'.-oplfs. . C.ab, ..n . C.iptam Archib.LJd 
liovd. an.l ( ..pLon lolui Robin^on. S.-e I >; . R.id ^ ;/;.:> r, v ,!. ii.. p, .,- 

Mi.-i,- .iir mon.o.us respectable laniilies of l.-i.uil -f n-mer 
Cetty,, S. o'ts. bells. K.ioxes. r.ovd-. Del. ips. C.mii. bells. C,o, 
the des, .-hd. uus. no doubt, of th .se liose n.imes :., pp. .0 oiii'. !;M .t I . ;. 

fhe M.dor IRu'i Mont^zomeiy n.niied in the ..b.\e list. ,'. :. .-, 1 ,],! p-,ipeit\- in Moy.ire, 1 . p.uisii ,,1 
R.imo.iii. lie ua .1 member oi t'!,,- L;!.-al .\vs!ii:.- i.muK . of wh mi tb.- b.u s .1 l-'ebnt.'ii .0 e ilie m.^lern 
I epi seni;i!i\es. 1 bis II nL;li \b .iii.i; mie! \- is ir .1 m li'i '.'. m i ' . '.v. '1 k".ow;i .un! \r: \- cnri .as le. oi.j i-nt libs' 
Ik,' Mont::oi::o,v y<7jn,s. >i/>ts. bin iheanllio, , ,f ih.-u R.' .ol -I.il.-s ib.u manx br.in, h.-s , if th.- Monmom. ;% 
family seiil.-d iii'lb,.,- .r.' imikiio.v,, i, him. ..n'.. .n - o :.-"i 1 v n ; , :e .li. , .1 in h is , olecl Ions. M.uorHn^li 
Monl^omeiv. oi Movar-.-l. lea ., son. .iKo imhi- : 1 1 e ;,>' li ..;:.; m i .-. ,. .m.l w.is ' .in. d m R.uno.iti chn-, i - 
V.ir.i. rh,-l.i!lel left i^ios.iMs. Ilu^b .i:;.! Al.x.ci.'. : Ibl^il, a!i w.is 1- t. i the f unily proper! V. s,.!,l th,;-l. ale 
portion of,, 1,. bsvi Wils.Miof C,cti. ;..n-;,;iis lb i'l ,,'. tw.. sons. Hil.;!i an.l Alexander . Hu,;h.,.M 
ll,e rem.iin.i.r ..fib.- p-.el,,,l,l i \|s.uL;e;, ...a,;..: ,1.. ply v.- bnsin.- --. .ur 1 w,is ,msn. . essfub I'o, s .me veai. 
before lus de.,!!,. wl,;, 1, ,H,uri.s! in i ' .... b.- Ice .e,;,, .om:v .1 li;s , .d.ii i% e. the late William 1 1 ib. .! \loy. 
ar..;et. Ills :.r,,;h. i. .C- x .n-ler \I, . t .'ii. i \ , ,v .i - ,. . !,..;..!,.,,,: ,ei;mienl ..t f sit. ..fxvlii. h Much I'.-r.-y. 
I...rd WarkH.rk. was ( .|..M.-b \l, .nl .; ni-rv ^ . .niir-s, .n ,s clai ed I >. I o' . r. i 7e , . .;, i be.,1 s the aul. .^r.tphs i 
i;e..roe III .an.l aU., ..rhis di,tiimnid,ed mim , C. :.;r ( ,r. '.vine. 

The liisi Alex.m-lei Muii|o, ,ii,.i \, ,d., .\ . .i,. > .:i. .1. !;\ -. i .m.l.lie.! m \1 .v,,i ^et. leax ine ,,e ,lar.i;ti!ci . 



t^'. 


II the R..1 
C-.iihr..rI. 


11.' .11 the pr.- 
.. Husloiis, ,, 


sent linu' 
,nd Ro'.il 


ofih 



\()0 rHK >IK\\.\RI.S ()! HAl.l.lN IDY. 

Archibald came into possession of the Acton Kstate, County Armagh, in 
right of his wife.' This property consisted of about 5.000 acres, and added 
verv materially to the influence and position of its new owner. His two sons, 
Archibald and Alexander, were considered as among the leading gentry of the 
countv. and. indeed, of Ulster, at the commencement of the eighteenth 
centurv. Archibald was a clergyman, and in early life served as chaplain to 
one of C)ueen Anne's regiments in Spain. On his father's death he succeeded 
to the family estates, and became at once landlord and Rector of Ballintoy. 
He married a daughter of Robert Vesey, Bishop of 'i'uam,- and this lady had 
only one child, a son and heir, who unfortunately perished by an accident in 
his youth. 

A M.'"^. written between the years 1780 and 1790. by the Rev. Dr. Stone, 
rector of (,'uldaft^ County Donegal, and afterwards possessed by the family of 
the late Cuy Stone, Barnhill, Comber, Countv of Down, contains the following 
notice of Dr. Stewart, and of the melancholy accident by which he lost his 
only child : 

" There wert- some remarkable occurrences in the life of the laie Dr. .Stewart, of Hallin 
toy, which may be related here. He was chaplain to a regiment which was sent with the 
army under the c<")mmand ol the Earl of Peterborough to Spain, in ihe reign of Queen Anne ; 
when he returned to Ireland he resided in Hallintoy. where he wa^. possessed of an estate, and 
was presented to the Rectory ol that l^arish. and afterwards pronujied to the Chancellorship 
in the diocese of Connor, on the death of the Rev. jasjier Hreti. lie married a Miss Vesey. 

Rose, who married Williaiii Kullerton. Their daughter, Mary Kiillertoii, married .\dani Hill, of .Mo\- 
arget, and their son. William Hill, of the s.-inu- place, died in i?54. .it the ase of eighty year-.. The writer of 
this account was a son of William Hill. 

The Wm. Hutchin of the above list was ancestor of the Hutchiusons of Str.inocuni .md Ballyinoney. 
His lineal descendant and eldest heir male was Hutchinson of I'allynioney. In Uerrykeighan church-yard there 
is an old Tablet intendeti to mark the grase of his wife, the inscription describing, her as " A ; KAII'HFUI, : 
.SISTKR : IN : THE : LORD : .SO.MT^"M ; WYFE : TO : WILLIAM : HUTCHIN : OF : 
STR.\NOCUM." This simple announcement is inscribed in Roman Capitals, without date or other information 
respecting the departed, but the good lady whom it commemor.ates was Mary .Anne Hoyd, grand-mother to 
Archibald Hutchinson, of the Inner Temple, who, as an eminent Lawyer, accunuilated an enormous fortune, 
which he bequeathed to be divided, at a lon.g inter\al subsequent to his death, among all his known relatives to 
the fifth degree. Two distributions under this will have long since taken place, but a considerable sum still 
remains to be divided. 

The testator's arrangement in this case was found to be impracticable, as involving immense trouble and 
very great expense. Ihere soon appeared such a vast multitude of claimanis that the distribution or diffusion 
of the money amon,gst them would h.ave gi\en to e.ach but a very insignificant amount. A legal en.actment was, 
therefore, obtained by the trustees, restricting its distribution to the first .and second generations of the testator's 
connections, and thus \irtually dividing it amon,gst the Huicliin.sons and .Stewarts themselves. 

On the list of 1653 there are the names of two Kennedys, Robert and Anthony, which shows that 
although this family had alienated extensive landed property to the first Earl of Antrim in 1635, it continued to 
occupy a respectable position in 1653. Of the Kennedys in the Route, no doubt, was the Rev. Anthony 
Kennedy, Presbyteriin Minister of Templepatrick, from 1646 until 1697. .A tombstone in the old burying-ground 
of that \ illage testifies to his faithful pastoral character luid labours during the long period of 51 years. He 
was probably son of Anthony Kennedy, of Halsar.agh, who died in 1620, and was interred, as already stated, 
in the old church-j-ard of Hilly, near lUishmills. There was in 1S65 an Antliony Kennedy, a blai ksmith, 
living at Halleny, not far distant from I'urnarobert. the original pl.ace of settlement of this family in -Antrim. 

The Henrys <5f tlie above list had dropped the .Mac from their surname, which probably they had come to 
regard as a vulgar prefi.x, but which indicated their descent from a .Sir Henry O Xeill. They occupied landed 
property in fee at Bravallin, near I'allyinoney. Members of this family suffered heavy losses in 1798, having 
taken part in the insurrection of that year. 

1 " At Curriator, Lieut. Sir T. I'uyiuz jjossessed a tract of land, with a l)awn of eighty feet square and a 
house. On this he erected another bawn, one hundred feet s(]uare, and a brii k .md lime house. This appears 
to have been the first settlement at Poyntzpass." Stewart s History ot Ayiai^/i, p. 640, 

2 This lady was grand-daughter of Thomas Ve.sey, sometime Presbyterian minister of Coleraine. He 
was the first person in that town to accept the " Covenant," acknowletlging the " sinfulness " of the " lilack 
Oath" which he had previously taken, and denouncing the "cursed course of conformity." Not long after- 
wards, however, he c)uarrelled with his Presbyterian brethren by endeavouring to establish a Presbytery 01 
Route in opposition to that of Carrickfergus, which then (1650) managed all important matters connected with 
Presbyterianism in Ireland. His son, John Vesey, became chaplain to the Irish House of Lords, and died 
.Archbishop of Tuani. See M'Skinmiin's Histor\ of Cartick/'oxus. pp. 54-55 of 3rd edition, 1832, 



THK STEWARTS OK BAI.I.INTOY. ibl 

of the family of Bishop Vesey ; they were married near twenty years before his wife conceived 
of child, and was delivered of a son. Being solicitous to strengthen the constitution of this 
only child of their old age, they had it bathed in a large vessel of cold water for several 
mornings. Mrs. Stewart, the widow of l-'zekial Stewart, of Kortstewart, being at Ballintoy, 
undertook the ofhce of bathing the child ; and having dipiK-d the child two or three times in 
the water without sutticient intermission lor the child to recover its breath, he was wrapped 
in a blanket to be conveyed to the nursery ; when the blanket was opened he was found 
dead to the astonishment and grief of the family." Uliler fotirnal of ArchiroloQ' (Old Series), 
vol. vi. , p. 107. 

This sad affair occtirred in the Castle of Ballintoy, which stood near the 

church, and the lady visitor who unfortunately volunteered her services on the 

occasion was the "daughter of the Rev. l)r Charles \Vard, of Mountpanther, 

in the County Down, and great-grandmother of Sir James Stewart, Bart., of 

lu)rtstevvart, in the County Donegal.'' The death of this child occurred about 

the year 1735. The same MS. contains also the following passage: 

' Another remarkable incident relating to this Ur. Stewart in his old age : He was 
travelling to I)ul)lin and taken ill with the sniall-]iox by lying in a bed on the road where 
some person had lately lain sick of the same disortier. However, he recovered of this con- 
tagious disease at a very advanced period of old age. \)\. Stewart's estate of Balhntoy 
descended to his younger brother's son, a minor, who was afterwards distinguished by a name 
in a ludicrous farce wrote by his mother, that of Roderick Uandom. His son now possesses 
the Estate." 

( Jo be lOnttniud. ) 




armorial Sculptured) Stouce ot tbc County antnni. 

1;y FRANCIS JOSKIMI l^,I(.(.i;i< and II l-;Rlii:KT iirc.HF.s. 
{ Coiitl)ii(t\i f I 01)1 ra^^r 104. ) 



IRasbee parisb (Iburcbpar&. 



ALLEN. 



n V 1 




A 1 1 e n 



-parted lliis 

17S.S ayed 6 



V ( ! h 



r lohu 



\V ho (1 



I AX, 



7 y^ 



ALLEN (:>) 



U c 1 e 




1. y (_ t h 



luijli 



Wli 



'734 -^k'''*! 7'^ \('pr>. Al>c' hi- 

Wife Kli/ahfih A.cshal Who 

(lieil Doc'"" y loih 1725 aj^ed 
56 \fa:s 

'I'lie motto and luaiithng ol tliese arms aic (juite worn away, as is the 
name, which wc take to he " Allen," from the similarity of the arms to those 
on the former stone, and to those given in [)age 41. 



ARMOklAI. SCflJ'TURRI) SToNKS OK THK COrNlV ANtKlM. 163 



KIKKWOOI). 




years wile b> Xalli 

-wood also h\^ soil 

Who died May 26"' 

aged 27 years iV 



St 



Kirk 

Will"' 

i7cS7 

Martha 



his dau;hler died .^ep 

178') aLjed iS )ears. alsi' 

|n;.' 21,! l-'ehr- 1791 aged 22 y'" 

also their lather Xailiaiiiel 

Kirkwood 4"' July 1801 aged 72 

y" Also W"' Kirkwood hi> grand 

son 20''' -\ugs' l8co aged two 

y^"- and six montiis 



HOUSTON. 



: I e r e 1 



1! . . u s 1 








1, e r t 



ll^Cil ( f) \ 1 ,11 - 



164 



ARMOKIAl. SCULHTURKIJ SfONKS OK THE COUN't'V ANTRIM. 



HUME. 



MAINTIEN LE DnoVT^ 




alp:xani)RR. 




Kreclec] 

by 

Martha Alexander 

in memory of 

Her belovefl Ilusbani 

C.'unway M'^Niere of ("o^ry 

Who (lied 21 November 186, 

Aged 70 years 



MACALRXAXDKR. 



HERE- 
THEB 
JANET 
WIFE 



AND 
=ANDER 
DIED 




TTETH 
ODYOF 
LOGAN 

rOALE 
M:ALEX 
\\H0 
r!AY i'^. 



\15T ACED 42 YBARS^ V 2 Oi=r 

THEIR , CHILDREN % j 



I'his is a name from which the ''Mac'' has now been dropped. The name 
was (^ften [jronounced "' Macalshinder,'' as it is in Scotland. The previous 
stone (le!)icts, in a decorative wav, only the scales, witli the addition of a dove, 
but it IS evidently an adaptation of the crest. The " Mac ' is omitted 



AkMOKlAI. SCULPTURED STONES OF IHK COUNTY ANTRIM. 1 O5 



MACLELLAN". 



f1 e r e 
y Body 
ert M'C 
of Bellv 






I '- \ 




f R.ii. 



Lpn:xn 



II a S h i c 



who iJic-d Avii^ y 19'" 1751 

Aged by Veai> als(j his First 

Wife MaiL^rft M-^Alexandcr Who 

a 
Died [an 5 1741 A^c -S 



ORR. 



1 1 ]: 




I'll 



(Jri 



ihe Body 1)1 |i>hn 

Who dep' this life An|:::us 

y S' ' I j()2 iL;ri! ;4 year^ 

Also l-:ii/aluili [odd hi- 

wifr 4"' Scpl' 17M a-cd S- ^1 

And iici 2'''- Hii^lianil In Ivirkwood 

()' Marc 1780 Al;< d u\ vear.- 

AKo fdizaboth l\irk\vood aha 

(iilnicr <i\v'\ ;i-' Di-r' 1S4S 

aj^ed Sz \t;ai>. 



l6() AKMOKIAI S( ri.l'rrKKI) SloNl-S ()| I UK (OUN rV ANIRIM. 

This sloiic .iUuuIm iR-lvvifii the Iwo On stones. 

Hero l.vctli ihc Ho 
(idy of |ohn Arrhl) 
eld Who (lepailcil 
this hlc A|;osl y 
5"' (lay 1 7 19 and 66 
ycar.s <>l lii> aj;r 
Li<|uis his wite Ma 
rij;rct Allaiid \\hn 
de|iarle(l this lilc 
October the 28 1707 



I lere lyeth 
ihc Reniaiii> of JOHN OUR of (ireen 
Castle ('leil'' who dejiarted this life 
the 30 Dec' 17S4 .V. 07 years 

Al>o 
his son M'-^ KJIIN ORK who departed 
this Life the S"' Nov' 1^02 .V. 30 years 
Also A(;NESS OKR his wife who (ieparte 
this Life the I"' June iSoi .l'". 24 years 
Als.i JOHN SLRVICL who died 
25"' January 1880 aged 28 years. 
And his wife Jeny who died 

23r(l August 1 88 1 aged 24 years. 



w HI ri:. 




2 \ e a 1 



ARMORIAL >( 11 I'TURKU ST(iNK,> dl THE COfNTV ANTKIM. 167 



IRaloo IParisb (Iburcb\?ar&. 



BLAIR. 




BLAIR. 



=*xi ^?!9 l^Sf *i y 




BLAIR. 



1 M 1, n 




11 llu J> 



'^4.S 



1 08 



AKMOKIAI. SCITI.ITURKI) SI()NK> o|' IIIK COUNrN ANIKlM. 



CKAIC;. 




e d M ;i i 



4"' 1777 



a 1^ e d 1 4 

alsi-> William Ci'aii; \vhi> 

died Jan 24"' 1787 ai^ed 11 

years. Also Jannei ( inii; 

wild died iS"' l-(jhniai\ 1S16 

At;ed 78 years. .-Mso hci husbaii 

l'",phraiiii Craiij who died gin 

January 1817 aged <>2 yeat'- 




1 i e d 



I 7 J " 
Aged .tj \ears iK; William Cra 

It; who died Aug 2.4 1755 

m 

Aged 18 \ ears ,Al'-o Kli/abe 

M'Dowal who died Mar 178; 

ngerl 78 \c:iv^ 



CRAIC. 



( r a 

D e 
this 
Marr) 




AkMORlAI. SCULHrUKEI) >I<).\KS oK IHK lOUNIV ANTRIM. 



i6y 



CRAWFORD. 



Here- 1' 



P. d V u 1 



l)r umnioiui 




o I ll 1 ll 



A n II f 



w h ,. d 



parted this lite Mai, : ^'i' 1789 

\t;f"<i 7> >x-ars lau- wile lo 

Patiick Crawford ,,( Kaloo who 

also deparled ihiv life Mav 22'' 
1801 aged S-; sears 

r RAW FOR h. 




K' nii.-iii'ii', III 
Matthew Crawlord 
late of Kaliio who Departeti 
this Life the .'.( of May iSi4 
aijed 54 \eai- 



\'FA\ 




1S14 .ii;rd 114 \cars 



l-JO ARMORIAL SCn.l'TUK KI ) SIONKS OK THK COUNTY ANTklM. 

CORDON. 




1 710 



|AKFRi:\ 




I)a\i(l , jalliey 

111! (lifd 17'' lanuary 



1 S I 4 aged 98 



KNOX. 







AkMORIAI. .SCri.I'TURF.I) ^TONF.v OF THK COUN'TV ANTRIM. 17 I 



TX)CK. 




llcri- lyclh the l;..;ly of 'riidiiKls 
I.ncU Who Did Marrh y 4-'' 1753 
AiJfcl 60 \i-;irN 



.( )( 




David 



lale ol' I'.allwiilloimh 

Dcparlod tlii-, l.ik- llic 

luiif- iSiS I !/,'(! o; \rai- 



1. .. .- k 



wh 



XI Ki. 




Ak.MOKI \l, SLl'l.Kn KKli r-IO.M'^ Of IHK ( Of M N AMklM. 



Mac DOW ELL 



In memory TinWJ&TC Wyij' "' M^i'i^^r 




(i f part c d 
2] Dec 1 800 
r s \\ i ft- t o 
sv i 1 1 



1 

)hn M'=l>owi!l depa 

ife 2S"' April 182.S 



Aged 87 years 



ROBINSON. 






W h 



u'fw 



David 



d i e ( 



The editor will he pleased to receive any notes relating to the history, etc., 
of the families whose arms are given, for embodiment in the concluding notes 
to these articles. 

( To hf continued, j 



^be Ibistorp of ^^nan iparieh, iii the Brcb^Moccee 

of Bnnagb, 

With notices of the O' Neills and ot/ier territorial families, the parochial cler^, 
ecclesiastical remains, and copies of documents relatini^ to the district. 

By thk latk Right Rkv. WILLIAM KKK\ KS. Bishop di Down 

AM) Connor and Dromokk. 

(Hitlie7to 7aipt,hHsIied. ) ( Coutimtcd frotn fa^c- 115.) 

|Thc manuscripts of this woik have Ijcen placed in the hands of the editor by thr 
governors of the Armagh Library, and by Sir James II. Stroni^'e, Baronet, of Tynan Abbey. 
Fortunately, the work was almost comjileted by the late bishop; nevertheless, the editor 
craves the indulgence of the reader for any errors which mav creep into the text, and for 
the arrangement of the matter. To Inllow in the wake of Dr. Reeves, and not fail is no 
light task. I 



^^(^^^^^:^^a\};JUjs:&^:?:Sy^ii 




fS^y^Tiy^ 



r follf)\vin-. Doctor Henry UssluT was ron- 
firmed by patent of James 1 . dated 6 Sei)teniber, 
1610, in the lands of his see, among wliich the 
following are fotind: In the terrilnry of ("lyiawly 
Kirockinagh (now Knockaneagh ;. ( "axanapoUany 
(now Pollnagh), .Anaghnahanagh (now .Annagh- 
E^i^ ananny), .\naghmointrreasilly (now .Annagh and 
Drumgolliff), Hallini'lorrah (now i'"ovarr), and 
BalKturry (now 'I'urry). .Also in the l)aron\- nf Toghrain. bra^ha. and 
Miicklagh (now I'airview or .Miicklagh), haiiihoe: i.emnagora and .\der- 
goule (now l.emnagore), halliboe : L.'valKinoll.iLihard (now Mtillagliard and 
I^ebane, sub-denominations of TNiKin); liallvoreagli (included in rynan), 

DOXAI.l) .Mv:C.\SNAlf;il > ISI kl'AlloN \.;-, .,./"' Z/-. '*'-'' ''-. 

I 'sliTA I ici'. i;i \'icai;ai,i-: i.Y 1)m-jai II M \l( \~.iv. 'I'lf ;'.!:.,\iiim i^ J!-. hi-iorv iiitn^-^' m- in its 
lit.-uriiu I'l""! tht; luilurc iiiid ili^iiiiv nt lin- olVir.- ..f I'lioi. ():i ili,- ,; Way. i ( v. ihi\\'\ i Kr-:i;i, i,a,:. .. 
cvtou uf Anu.i-h. wholi.-vl l.'-ni .l.-r-cl :,v ilu- ('//,/,.' lo i!k- I';, .r.iu- ..I l\ii.,n. j,i .-sriur,! Iiun^-cl: to t!.c 
piim.-Hf for onfinii.-iti >. II.- Ii;ul In-.-ii pci p.-iii.!' ^ ;. .'.r mT TyiKin : .i:\.i l!:r p: iin.Ur. a; ihf r--.;ii<~: .1 liie dcui 
and tlKiptfi-. -rant. -J liini a (lKi)'-ll-.an.ri !,, :.-iaiu il. i.--^-.il;>.-, 1 , Ih.- cmmIiiiik-uI-- ,;' lli.- I'l i. .1 at.- wrr.- iinl 
surficieiU to iiiaiinaiii liini, aiuj. 'J , hi- ] .r,-. i-- .-- .1- I..1- a li'.; mil" ha 1 h-!! h.-:iL-;i. ,- t j.;h.-i iit!i \\,r 
.alhi-.lral app.iinl in<:m>. 

'I'.nvaiaK ih.- '-nil <>f i k . ll..nal.l \la. ( a-t-^ . v.-i-.r . -f Ivh-ihi;. (Oi... e-- o; I |wh.-iV r.-],ic-,<.nlc. 1 at 
koine lliat ihe ..iVi..- of Pi i.ir ..t" ( nl.l^i-, wa- in. iip.iiiM.- uiih ., 'i !,.-:;. .- havii:.; lii.- r,, ..:,/. .,n<l 
.>!ilaincl a .ir(-i^i.>n that thr vicarayt- .iT 'i'vian. !.rin: unhiutiiVv -.. npic.l, ua- \a. am. \.-.- .:.:nj< 1.. C',ui>.n 
Law the .ipp,>iiilni.-iii i.--tt_-.l with ih.- k.jm.m Coiiii. 1 hi ih.-'. 1 , iinrv. n 1 ;. I.iu.-n- I \". a l.irr-^.-.l ., 
l.-tP-r t.) IiM- .Ic-iii ..r Arin.-i-^h, a-id Vr-hiir aii.l f.hn M.u- 'aihaLts::. . .iii..iis oLa-iin,; ih.-in t . r.-ni .v,- li,ni,l 

I lK.ella. Iian In. in tin.: v i. .ua-c of In nan. an.i in-ial |i..i.,:.l .M.i I .,-,-.,-. ..vh . wa- p-rinitK- i t ,i.-!.on Tvn nul 

ami to li..;..l tw.) ..ih. r \ i- ,..r.i-.--. .\ilhnr .Ma-' .iihinavl'. .is . -ni ..i-^.iiv. ].ro.-.-.-. ic.i to r\.-.-uti- tins . .t Icr In 
til.: lion,.- .,) l,,hn Fhuins (>'.\.-in, ai Cah-.l-.n. hr .!.-, ;.,o,i th.- n i. ..r.u..- \.n,-.oil, .ui.l O.-nahl. ..n lu-n.lc.i 'khl-c-. 
received in\c~tilni-.-. ILu iii^ no -..-.il ol" his ..wn, h<- i. .1 io\M-.i 1 -i t n.- o.. asi. .a the -.-.il ..I T lurnr. .ihliot ol 
(Clones. Ill fn!lihn.-nt .il" his .' I'liniisM.in, he pi-.>ii. van- cd . .-iisiir.-s .uai-Kt .ill . .intra\ eii.-i o: the- arr.in>;ciii<-nt. 
not exci-|itinL; tlir ( )ii.l!iiarv liiins. It". 

'I'he il.-]i.is.d i>i-i .r ai.p.-.-il.-.i .lir.-ctly to k.iinr .111. 1 Intii ;.illv t.i the aie hnishop. I hi th-- .( July, i-pi . 
the priii.ate lo.ik u]i the casf in his ( 0111 1 .11 .\r1na4n. lli- .' , i w.,- to .In.-i iniiie the ./.'/'j. -.',. ii ' -.;<v. \i... 
wlu-ther the oiri.-.- ..i' prior u.is iiu'-flv (in ,'')iri- .ir .1 .li.;iiit\- un: , ui 1 ,iii:n:.i> iim. ,\llrr cvaiiiinin^ nia'iy 
witnes-os and -oin^ hilly inl-i the . a-.-, ihc pi iiii.it .k-. iil'--' :::.ii the /'< ..-.j.v u.ii ;.-.I in. . .inp.itihl.- with the 
t'ura ttn!)itii> uttt. 

O'Kelachans pr ctor at K.mi.-. |..hn White, .li--'! 1 ; li-t.h.-r, i,i(-. -ind in .- .nseijiieii.e the prosecution 
of the suit was consid.-r;ihly lie ayeil. It .am.- up in ii.) ;. ..11 i Ni. hlas \". irP-ii.-d it h.iek t' the pritiiate. 
His mandate was piesenied l.y the pri is ft \ .--. ..n the .- : M..-. a, up, and ri ihe r N.iwnil.ci in the same 
year the priniat.- ua\e his ,!.tiniii\c s.-:i.,.ii.c. ,!e. !..m:;^ I io-.o-; M a. ( .ise\ \ hi a- iiiid ami \ . .1.!. .lud - .>nd.-iiinui>; 
him t.) p.iy all the . osts. Ma. ( .isey was .inxious 10 .eppe.d ; hit liie primate, hs ue learn tr...|i Ins h tter .if tb-- 
10 Uecemiier, 1.(4'-'. i.) the p .p.-. r.-tusc I lo .1. . pt his a]iii.-.il ..1 ihc ^;roun.l that it was frivol. his 

1. 1-. MacKknv 



N 



174 I'"': HISTORY OK TNNAN PARISH. 

Gortinologh (now (}orlnialegg), two-thirds of a balliboe; Hallycox d (now Cooey), 
Levallylessagh (now Lisshcagh or Mount Irwin), Haifa balliboe ; Sessiaghleley 
(now Dillay), one-third of a balliboe; and Clontycarty-itragh (now Clontycarty). 

Doctor Henry Ussher died in 1613, and was succeeded by Dr. (Christopher 
Hampton, who was also confirmed by patent of James I., dated 25 February, 
1615. in the possession of the see, wherein these lands are recited under the 
same names. A new patent, which was granted to him, 16 July, 1620, repeats 
the same denominations. 

But it would seem that these recitals were not considered sufficiently 
explicit under his successor, the celebrated Dr. James Ussher; for, on the 
9 of September, 1633, an incjuisition was taken at Armagh of the Primate's 
possessions, which entered more into detail, and has put on record the names 
of sub-denominations which had not been previously noticed, and of which, 
though some are still locally preserved, the greater number have been 
forgotten. This inquisition, having recited the denominations set out in the 
former inquisition of i6og, further finds that the archbishop and his tenants 
were seized in Clanaule, among others, of Knocknieagh, Caranapellany, 
Anaghnahanagh, Anaghmointercassilye, Ballyneforragh, Ballyturry, etc. 
"The said lands in (_Clannaule are found by these names: Tury, i balliboe, 
containing Sryaghaddie : Annaghmuntercassilie, 1 balliboe, containing 
Derryneecloive, Tawnareyghin, and Drumgolve ; Annaghnanenagh, i balliboe, 
containing Corneesholg and Brackaghmore ; Cavanapallanagh, i balliboe, 
containing Derryhenna, Mullaghneehowla, and Cpolerush ; Knockineagh, 
I balliboe, containing Aghrycarbe and Coolereymonye ; Noire, i balliboe, 
containing Stramoddymoile, Knocknimuclogh, and Neybagh. 

' The said archbishop and his tenants m the territory or precinct of Tynan, 
within the barony of Toranye, are in possession of these lands following ; 
viz., Bragha and Mucklogh, Lemnagora and Adergowle, Levallymollaghard, 
Ballyvcagh, and Gortmolagh alias Gortmoleigh, Ballycoye, Levallylessagh, 
Sessiaghleley, Clontichartieitragh, Drumconneree, l>isseagh, Laynevann, and 
Mallaghard. These lands in ihe territory of Tynan arf in the possession of 
the said archbishop and his tenants by the names following ; viz., Lissheagh, 
Lilleycoye, Enagh, Leybane, MuUaghard, Drumconor, Sraglas, Mucklagh, 
Dorshiboylie, Lissreagh, Linnegore, Uttloghan, Taghamore, Clonticartie^ 
oughtra, Kappie, Gortmoylegg, Clontiertie-itragh, Annaghnecrapp, Tearenec- 
sillagh, Cavancooyc, Tearenecmiskie,Teareoneyagh. Cloneorarlye, Tullywoona, 
Mully-Imulchillie, Sraneneegnoidatt, Sraneneegarbud, Naerunnyatt, Nawlegart, 
Lisnecorkillye, Shaneknocke, Aghnahunshon, I'reagh, Tawnaghbullganagh, 
Tivenemony, Aghnaclosh-Iley, Aghneeleske, Shanmullagh, ('lonscribagh, 
lulrowell, Aghneylinney, Tullalis, Tawnaghleene, Sraboyltee, Ballneeknawe, 
Mully-Irgoell, Ivealeogoneehrocke, lirowaghneynaw. and the hill of Tynan 
whereon the church standeth, and all the garden plotts. backsid<^s and 
houses thereuptjn." 



THE HISTORY OF TYNAN PARISH. 175 

This inquisition was made the basis of a fresh charter, which was granted 
by Charles I. to Archbishop Ussher, 28 June, 1634, in which all these names 
of denominations and sub-denominations are recited exactly in this form and 
order. And it is a very curious record, as showing the extreme minuteness of 
sub-division that existed at that period, which had a descriptive Irish name for 
almost every field. Under the nineteen lownlands which it sets out. it adds 
the names of sixty-four sub-denominations. And it is further interesting, as 
preserving in these minor divisions some of the names which are recited in 
the patent of 1445, and which are not elsewhere recorded. 

But to return to the period of the Plantation of Ulster, we find in a rental 
of 1615 the following to be the dis[)(}sitioii of the see lands in this parish at 
that date : 

I. In THE Territory of Clonalle. 

I. Conn .McTurlo O'Neale, tenants of four balliboes, in the territory of 
Clonalle, called Annanannagh, Cavan-na Fallanaugh, Knock-I-nee, and 
Ballynefarra, for the term of the primacy, at the rent of ^22 per annum, 
rendering yearly 2 oxen of two years old, 4 fat muttons, 8 hens, 2 fat hogs, 
2 barrels of barley, 2 barrels of oats, and four score loads of wood. 

2 Connor O'Donnalan, tenant of one balliboe called .\nnaghniynter- 
cashell, for the term of 21 years, at the rent of ^,7, rendering yearly 1 ox. 
2 muttons, 4 hens, i fat hog, i barrel ot barley. 1 barrel of oats, and 40 loads 
of wood. 

3. Patrick Oge MaCrorye (formerly Art O'Fyn), tenant of one balliboe 
called Torry and .Sliracady, for the term of the primacy, at the rent of ^,6 
a year, rendering annually i ox two years old, 2 fat niuttons, 4 hens, i fat 
hog, I barrel of barley, 1 barrel of oats, 40 loads of wood, and as a heriot. his 
best beast. 

II. In thk Thrritorn of '1'vnan. 

1. Robert ("owell, I'^sq., tenant for a term of 60 years of four balliboe^ ; 
viz.. Mullagh, Brackagh, LevalHewoUaghaii, at/'2o a year. 

2. Donnell .McCasey, tenant of one balliboi-, called Lt-vallelessagh. 
2 sessiaghs, and sessiagh Lely, ai /^Ji ^ vear. 

^ The Xatives ; viz.. lames and Toolo .MacCasye, Shane and Donnell, 
tenants of one ballibor, tlivided into sessies, at ^/, 6 a year. 

Here for the first time appears an luiglish tenant on the estate: namely, 
Robert ("owell. who had a short time prrNiously come in as the occupant of 
the best portion of the herenacli lands, wliile the old Irish tenants were 
obliged to 1)1' contented with Le\allvlcss;th, now Mount Irwin, and sessiagh 
Ix'ly, now l)iliay. He was also a pensioner of the Slate ; for wc learn that on 
the 16 ot May. 1615. the daily i)ension ol right shillings Irish was surrendered 
by Robert ("owell ot Tynon. in Armagh couiUy, gentleman : and that on the 



1^6 ruF- msiom oi tvnan parish. 

2oth of the same month a daily pension of a Ukc sum was granted to Lieut. 
Robert C'owell. ' 

In 1622. a return of his see lands was made by i'rimate Hampton, in whieh 
thr Tynan f)ortion is thus described : " The territorie (jf Tynan contaynes 
6 townes. Robert Cowell I'^scjuire lioldeth 4 townes of the above mentioned 
territory, and two townes in the territory of Clonalc for 60 years : to pay ^5 
Irish for a herriot ; to build three iMighsh like houses ; to nude a light horse 
and man for his Majesties service. The rent is ^31. 

"Item Donnell MacCasy holdeth one towne for 31 yeares : to pay his best 
horse or beast for a herriot ; to build a faire coopled house. He caimot alien 
sell or dispose his estate but with the license of the bishop or steward. His 
rent is ^-/,6. 

' Item .Andrew Twitchin (ient. holdeth one towne for 60 yeares : to pay 
J^,2 for a herriot ; to build a fayre stone house within the towne of Armagh ; 
to find a light horse and man for his Majesties service " 

Donnell MacC^asey died before 1628 : for in that year his son, James Boy 
MacDonnell MacCasey, appears as tenant. He is the last f)f the hereditary 
herenachs who appears on record: and the wars of 1641 probably brought 
their coiuieetion with the see estate to a close. 

The name of Cowell also disappears at an early period ; for, before 1628, 
Hugh I'^ehlin became tenant of Rol)ert Cowell's late holdings. It is most 
likely that this transfer occ urred through the marriage of I'^.chlin with Magdalen 
Cowell. who, it seems, was daughter of said Robert. Hugh llchlin was a 
younger son of Dr. Robert F.chlin. Bishop of Down and Connor, ,1 Scotchman 
of the family of I'iltadro, in I'ife. Margaret, sister of this Hugh Echlin, was 
married to Dr. Robert Maxwell, the Rector of Tynan from 1624 to 16 , and 
l)ishop of Kilmoie: and Hi'iuv Maxwell, his brother, founder of the faiuilv to 
I'imiebrogue, was married to jane, another sister. This Hugh, and his elder 
son. Robert, then a lad of eleven or twelve vears of age. were ])ut to death, at 
.\rniagh. in the wars of 1^41. When tranquillity was restored. Magtlalen, his 
widow, resumed possession, and died in the reign of ('harle^ II., leaving her 
son. Hugh I'-^chlin, as her and his father's heir to the property. 

In a rental of the date of 1676, I-^chliiVs holdings are thus recited : 
" Hugh ICchline, the son of Hugh h^chline, the present tenant of Brackagh, 
Mucklagh, Levallywollaghard alias Lebon, Mollaghard alias Mullaghard, 
Dartan-kye and i)romconner, liallureagh, Ciortimallagh alias Gortmolegh, 
Ballycoyd alias (^^)uoy, faiangh. Lenmigora and Aldergoole alias Adergoole, 
(.'appy, the Connigree, Mullonikille, Tulle\ana, Cavanballiagh and (Jabragh 
alias Cavanballiaghie, Sessiagh-l)err\", with a water mill erected on the 
premises, and liberty to build such other mills as lie shall thinke litt : all in 
the territor\- of Tynan and iaron\- of Tooranv, held from 14 Jul)' 1634 by 

1 ('/. rnt. far. i., p. .'7ya. 



'IHK HISTORY OF TYNAN PARISH. 177 

lease tor 60 yeares, made by Primate James Usher, at ^60 with one Ught 
horseman to attend the Primate, payable quarterly." He also held, at will, 
one moiety of Levallylessagh and Ivessioghlelye (now Lissheagh or Mount 
Irwin), at ^6 a year. 

The system of annual renewal did exist then, and 51 years of the 60 years' 
lease had run out, when the tenant presented to Primate Boyle the following 
petition for a renewal : 

" To his Cirace Miehael Lord Archbishoj) of Armagh, etc., and Lord 
Chancellor, the humble petition of Hugh Lchlin (jf Tynan, Esquire, humbly 
sheweth : 

" That Primate Uslier, by hi^ indenture of lease under his episcopall 
scale, bearing date the 14 day of Jul\- a. n. 1634, did demise and set unto 
your {)etitioner"s father, Hugh Lchlin, deceased, the townes and lands of 
lirackagh, .Mucklagh, Levally-Mullaghard a/ias Lebon, W'oUagliard a/uxs 
MuUaghard, Dartanrye and Dromconnor, Hallycreagh alias Halhbreagh. 
(lortmullagh alias Gortmelagh, Ballycoie alias (}uoy, I'Lnangh, Lcnmigora 
and Aldergoole alias Adergoole, Capp\, the Conigree. Mullonikille and 
Tullevana, lying and being in the lerrilor)- of Txtian, barony of T(joran\-, and 
County of Ardmagh : Cavanballiagh and Cabragh alias CaYan-Balliaghie. 
Sessiagh-I)err\- and (Cabragh, with a water mill and liberty to build more, 
lyinge and beinge in the terrilor}' of Clonaule, parish and county of Armagh. 

" The moiety of LewellyT.essagh and Sessiogh Lelye, l\inge and beinge in 
the parish of 'I'ynan, and Count}' of Ardmagh aforesaid, lor the terme of sixiie 
yeares under the yearly rent of sixty-six pounds sterling, [)a\able (juarterl)', 
with the usuall coYcnants. I'hat the jietitioner's said father, b) virtue of the 
said lease, entered into and became posse>>ed of the {)reniises until disturbed 
and turned out in the time of the late rebellion. 'Phat after his death the 
petitioner's mother, .Magdalen ICchlin, widdow, u[)C)n the replantation, in the 
time of the late usurped powers became decreed and jxjsted of the premises, 
and enjo_\ed the same in right of hei' said iuisband, for her own and children's 
use, imtil her death, in the late kinge Charles the seconds reigne of ever 
blessed memor_\-. 

"'Phat th.e petitioner, as son and administrator of his said father and 
mother, ever since her death, enjoxed the same. That the i)etitioner's 
graiidfatlier ( "owcll, his said father niul nintlu-i'. were great sufferers in the time 
of the rebellion for their l()\:ilt\ to kmg ("harlcs the first of happ\- luemorx' : 
and the petitioner's said huhev aiul eldest lnoiher Robert l^elilin were upon 
that accotiiil and lor their coiistaneie in tlie prolestaiU reliuion miu'thered in 
the time ol the rebi-llion : the petitioner's mother plundered and stript ot all 
her worldK' substance with the losse ol all the deeds and evidences to a ver\" 
considerable \ahie, to their greal imi)overishin(.'nt. .\nd t'orasmuch as there 
are but nine \eaies ol tin- said lease \el to come and imexpiied, and that the 



lyS IHK HISIOKV OF IVNAN I'AKISH. 

petitioners said lather and mother lost severall )eares of tlieir said terme in 
the time of tlie rebeUion, and that the petitioner is willing to surrender 
instanter, and take out a new lease of the premises from your Grace, he 
humbly prays of your (irace to accept a surrenderor the same, and in tender 
consideration of the premises, and for that the petitioner will pa}- the summe 
of Sixty-six pounds sterling as a hne or incombe to graunt a new lease of the 
same premises unto the petitioner under the former rent, and the rather for 
that the petitioner payes fourty shillings per towne more that any other of 
\our (Iraces tenants by the yeare, and under the covenants and condition in 
the said former lease, the counterpart whereof the petitioner humbly presumes 
is with \our Grace. And your Petitioner as in duty bound will ever pray," etc. 

About the same time, another tenant, who holds four towns in C'loiiaul, 
addressed the Primate in the f(jllowing terms : 

''To his Grace Michael Lord Archbishop of Armagh, Metropolitan of all 
Ireland, and Lord Chancellor of the same, the humble petition of Captain 
^\^altcr Hovendon humbly sheweth : 

''That Primate Usher by his indenture of lease under his episc(jpal scale, 
bearing date the 14 da\' of July .a. d. 1634, did demise and set unto your 
petitioner's father Robert Hovendon deceased the townes and landes of 
Foigher, Knockyneigh Annaghnenanagh and Pallinagh in the precinct of 
Pallinagh, and County of Ardmagh for the terme of Sixty yeares under the 
yearly rent of Sixty pounds sterling, payable (juarterly, with other usuall 
covenants and clauses 

' Tliat the petitioner's said father Robert entered i)ecame possessed and 
enjoyed the premises accordingly and until his death, excepting only what 
interruption and disturbance he mett with in the time of the late rebellion within 
this kingdome. After whose death the same came luito and hath been and still 
is possessed and enjoyed b_\' the petitioner as son and executor of his said 
father, about nine yeares whereof is still to come and unefifluxed, of and in the 
premises. .\nd further the petitioner humbly sheweth unto your Cirace that 
Primate Margetson by his indenture of lease bearing date the 10 day of 
October a.d. 1664 did demise and sett unto the Petitioner the one half or 
moiety of the townland of Lesseagh a/ias Levallylesseagh, lying and being in 
the barony of Toorany and County of Ardmagh, for the terme of twenty and 
one yeares at the yearly rent of Seaven pounds sterling, payable quarterly, 
witli other usuall covenants, as in and b\' the same lease ma)' more particularly 
a[jpeare. And forasmuch as the Petitioner, his father, mother and relations 
have for many yeares been tenants to tlu; see of Ardmagh, and have honestly 
and punctually paid their rents all along, he humbly prays your Grace to grant 
a new lea^e of the whole premises unto him for the terme of twenty and one 
yeares 10 commence from the first of May 1685, under the rent aforesaid and 
with such clauses and covenants as were in the said recited leases and none 



THE HISTORY OK TYNAN PARISH. I79 

Other ; he the said Petitioner paying as a tine or incombc to your Grace in 
consideration thereof the summe of fifteen pounds sterHng. But in regard 
the Petitioner is now aged and craz'd, he further humbly [)rays that the said 
new lease may be made to and in the name of his son Charles Hovendon. 
And he shall pray/' etc. 

The four towns in the precinct of the Pallinagh above-mentioned are 
now known by the names of Foyarr, Knockaneagh, Annaghananny, and 
Pollnagh, and have been occupied in succession by Turlagh Oge O'Neill, 
Conn MacTurlogh O'Neill, Robert Hovendon, "for the widdow Neale," 
Captain Walter Hovendon, Charles Hovendon, Marcus Trevor, Alexander 
Tate, etc. 

I'vlizabeth, daughter of Hugh Echlin, was married to Captain James 
Manson, about 1690, in whose favour his father-in-law, in defect of surviving 
male issue, seems soon after to have surrendered his lease: for, in 1692, a 
lease of the lands of Mucklagh. Mullaghard, Gortmetegge, Quoy, Cavan- 
belaghie, Cabragh and Lisseagh half town, was made to Captain James 
Manson and Captain William Ross for iwtnty-one years, at ^66 a year, and 
6d. in the pound receiver's fees. Ca[)tain Koss subsequently surrendered hi> 
interest, and a new lease for twenty-one years was made in 1705 to Captain 
Manson, at ^70 a year for the first seven years, and ^76 a year for the 
remainder of the term, with i2d. in the pound receiver's fees. A fresh 
lease was taken out in 1723, at the yearly rent of ^88. 

In a rental of 1724 it is observed : " On one of the towns of this holding 
in the parish of Tynon is a Presbiterian Meeting-house." .\n old lease made 
in 1 639, to Hugh Echlin, the grandfather of Captain Manson's wife, there is 
granted fourteen denominations more than in this lease (of 1 723), among 
which is a large townland called Darton, which town is adjoining or near to 
Manson's lease, but now, and has been, enjoyed by the College, and by 
iheni set lo John Maxwell. lCs(iuire. Inquiry to be made about these 
fourlccn denominations now wanting ; the said denoniinations supposed to 
be sub deiKjminations of some particular fields and places. Great incjuiry 
was made in Primate Lindesav's time, but nothing more could be discovered. 
Strange that we should be able at this tl.i\- [o correct a statement in 
topography made nearly a c:entury and a half ago. and pronounce with 
certaintx' iqioii a (iu(\stion which could not then he solved by those who were 
most interr>te<J. 'i'he fact is, I )artoii-r\ c no' 1 )arton. is the name in the 
lease referred to, and tills is not the townland licside Killvlea, l)eIon.:uig to 
Trinitv C'oilege. but I)arioince. a small suii (ienomuialion ot the lowidand 
T'ynaii. situate u'A^lic r<);i.(l leadnig from the j ross ol Tynan to the Mitldle- 
lown road. 

It is not laiil down on the Oidiiaiicc Sur\ev, but the name and position 
aie locallv presei \'ed among tlu- oM inliabu.uits. .\s tor the other sub- 



l8o THE HISTORY OF TYNAN PARISH. 

denominations, most of their names are still in use, though not noticed on the 
Ordnance Survey, which was a great oversight on the part of the surveyors, 
because the names of such sub denominations of the townland Tynan, as 
Cappy, MuUaghard, and Lebane, are much more in use than the generic 
name, which, in truth, is not a townland at all, but a grouping of three or 
four small townlands under a common name, which in old times was never so 
applied. 

Captain James Manson had no son, but his eldest daughter, Elinor, was 
married 19 October, 171 r, to the Rev. John Strong, then Rector of Derryloran, 
or Cookstown, who, in 1738, was promoted to the prebend of Tynan, and 
died in 1745, having predeceased his father-in-law. 

Captain Manson died about 1747, and was succeeded by his grandson, 
the Rev. James Strong, remembered as the Rev. Doctor Strong, who became 
Curate of Tynan in 1741, and for about twenty years acted in that capacity, 
his residence being Fairview, now known as Tynan Abbey. He died 
unmarried, and his interest in the see lands of Tynan passed to his brother, 
Matthew, whose great grandson is the present possessor. 

Of the other see lands, Turry was leased in 1615 by Primate Hampton to 
Anthony Erlysonan, his servant, for sixty years ; Drumgolliff and Annagh, in 
1620, to Connor O'Donnell, for twenty-one years. In 1658 they were leased for 
twenty one years to Bishop Maxwell, from whom they descended to his son, 
Henry, Rector of Tynan, and from him to his son, John, of Farnham, who 
had a lease of them ; as also of Clontycarty, TuUalease, and SessiaghT-ely, 
or Dillay, in 1721. These all have often changed hands, and are now held 
by the Earl of Caledon, Blakiston-Houston, and Hassard. 

Previous to the seventeenth century, this parish possessed no glebe. A large 
tract around the church was held by hereditary tenants under the J*rimale, 
and the fine townland of Cortynan was a grange of St. Peter and St. Paul's of 
Armagh, but the incumbent had no predial endowment. The in(|uisition 
which was held at Armagh, in 1609, to ascertain the ecclesiastical lands in 
the county, found that " in the barony of 'Poaghrany was one parish called 
'Pynone, without gleabe." This defect would have been remedied forthwith 
under the terms of the Plantation of Ulster by a grant of land bearing a 
certain proportion to the size of the parish, but that there was no forfeited land 
ill Tiranny, while that part of the parish which lay in the barony of i\rmagh was 
granted on the 29 of August, 16 10, to the Provost, l^ellows, and Scholars of 
Trinity College, Dublin, as a portion of their great manor of Tooaghy, from 
which there were no express reservations, but the seven balliboes which had 
l)elonge(i to the abbey of St. Peter and St. Paul's of Armagh, and the tliirteen 
balliboes which were part of the see estate. It would seem, however, that 
this grant was made to the corporation of Trinity College, subject to their 
providing glebes for such parishes within the precinct of Tooaghy as were 



THE HISTORY OF TYN'AN PARISH. l8l 

not previously thus endowed ; for in the year 1617, Sir William Parsons, the 
Surveyor General, reports : " .Ml the temporall lands of the baronies of 
Ardmagh and Toorany is granted to the Colledge, who are to assigne out 
glebes, for that they were granted to them in Trust. Except the territory of 
Toorany which was granted to Sir Henry Oge before the Plantacion." To the 
roll containing the above, the following memorandum is attached : 

" Glebes to be assigned by 'the Colledge to the several churches under- 
written 

Churche of Tynan ... Half the balliboe of Magravid, 50 acres. 
Dirrenowse ... ... Madan, one balliboe, 100 acres. 

Dromay, one balliboe, 100 acres." 

These three townlands are now known by the names of College Hall 
(containing 371 acres), Maddan (460 acres), and Drummond (298 acres). 

If this arrangement had been carried out, Derrynoose would now have 
a glebe of 750 acres, and Tynan but 185 acres. Rut some difificulty arose, or 
some exchanges were afterwards made, and eventually Maddan was confirmed 
to Derrynoose, while College Hall, which was only a mile distant from Tynan 
church, was given up; and l)rumm(jnd, which was much inferior in (]uality, 
and three times more remote, became the ostensible glebe. 

In the diocesan returns of 1622. we lind, under Tynan, "The College 
must hnd it a gleabe,"and "'A Parsonage hinise now Ijuilt uppon the Gleabe."' 
Whether this was in College Hall or Prummond cannot now be determined. 
The effect to Trinity College was a ciimiiuition in its income, in consequence 
of the loss of these two townlands; and, accordingly, in 1628, Sir Francis 
Ruish, the lessee under the college, deducted ^12 los. frtjm the rent of 
_^i8o, whic:h he paid annually for three fi)urllis of Tooaghy, leaving his new 
rent ^167 los. 

During the ('ommonwealth an iiniuisition was held at Armagh on the 
1 S of Novenil)er, 1657, at which it. was foiuul that there was "No gleabe 
belonging to this parish." I'ossibh- during the troubles, ct)nsequent on the 
wars (if 1641, it ma\- have been !<)>i sight of, or may have merged for a time 
in the extensive holdings under the college ot Doctor Robert Maxwell, the 
dispossessed incumbent. 

.\!'ter the lapse of a century, however, it reappears in a diocesan return, 
where it is re])resente(i as "an iiiconveiuent glebe, which it is pro[)Osed to 
exchange tor lands of equal \ahie with the Lord I'runate.'' In furtherance ot 
tliis arrangement, 1)\ which it w;is intended to enable the- iiunimbent to reside 
near the chtfch, a jurv em[)anelled 1)\ the sherill found on in(iuisition, 
2-\ August, I 7'i7. that Sj ;icres of Irish [ilant.ition measure, at the southern 
part of Dniinmond, were an equi\a!ent tor 54 acres :; roods j,4 perches, of 
linglish statute measure, m ('a[i[)\, a sub-denomination ol the townland 



l82 



THE HISTORV OF TYNAN I'AKISH. 



Tynan. So, under the provisions of Act 2 of (Jueen Anne, for exchange of 
glebes, a deed of exchange was executed on the 12 February, 1768, between 
Primate Robinson and Doctor John Averell, Dean of Limerick and Rector.of 
Tynan, according to the above finding. Hereui)on the Rector entered into 
possession of Cappy, and the Primate's tenant, the Rev. James Stronge, into 
possession of the disjoined portion of Drunimond. 

Dr. Averell took no steps to build a house or enclose a demesne, nor did 
his next successor, Dr. John Lloyd; but, in 1774, the new rector, Dr. F"reind, 
a nephew of Primate Robinson, procured another exchange, wherein by deed 
of the 3rd of October, between him and the Primate, the lands of Enagh, 
consisting of 57 acres i rood rS perches, formerly held by the Rev. James 
Stronge, were obtained instead of those of Cappy. 

Dr. Freind resigned at the close of the same year, and was succeeded by 
the Rev. Richard Allott, who held the living only two months. His successor, 
the Rev. Dr. Jacob, commenced to build the glebe house in 1775, and 
completed it with the offices in 1777, at a cost of ^1,289 10s. 6d. 

( To bt contituied. ) 



'-<SX 



KSy- 



* 



fUMscellanea. 




LAVUE CROSS. 

Bv W. J. Fknneii.. 

Thk sketch shows the remains of a weather-worn and mutilaleii 

red sandstone cross in the old graveyard of Layde, Co. Antrim. It 

stands about Inur feet ^i\ iiiclies higli. and is fifteen and a half inches 
across tlie amis, ihe centre \>L-\n<i pierced. This stone appears to 
have been recently placed in p(Jsiiion, and on it, near its base, is a 
newly-cut inscri])tion conimenioratin;^ the death of a MacDonnell. 



SKShlUxX HOOKS OF IIRST LiSlHRX I'RESDVTKRIAN 

C(j\gre(;atio\. 

Hv Rkv. W. T. Eaiimf-.k. 
TllKSK iccnrds are anions; the iimst valuable of the kind possessed 
by any Presbyterian couLjre^ation in Ireland. The\' t;o back as 
far as i6S8. and coniain a lecord of baptisms, marriages, and the 
business transacted by the Kirk .Session. The minutes ol Session 
are interesting, as jiic.-ienting a pict\ue ol the manners and customs prevailini,' in I'lster at 
that |ieriod, while the registry n\ bai>tisin> and marriages i> of imi)iiitance in connectinii 
with many family histories. 

I am sorry that one of these volumes i> in the last statue ut decay: and exce]it somethinL; 
be dcine by the congregation to ha\c it restured, this record will s' k m crumble into dust. 
I underslaml that the curator ol the liriti^h Museum would permit his experts to " fore-edge" 
and re-si/e everv |iaL;e ;',nd bind in 1\mi \(iluuies lor aljout ij, which would not be vinreason- 
able considering the work involved. I do liust that this old congregation will show such love 
Inr their own history, and for the memniy of their forefathers, a> to prevent these records 
from being utterlv destroyed. A high authority has told us that a people who take no pritie 
in the deeds of thjir ancestors will never t'iem>ehe> accunplish an\thing worthy of being 
iemembcr''d by their own ]iosterit). 1 canimi, therefore, conceive that an\- congregation in 
Ireland would grudge the money expended in preserving such reconls of the past. 



ILSTKR RlHLIOGR.M'in. 

i;v rk\ . \\ . r. i.A I iMiK. 

1 li.WK read with interest the article i)\ 1'.. R. McC. 1 M\ (|)age J), giving a list ot .jooks 
.md pamphlels printed in Stral;iine duiiiig the h'.si ..-eiitur}. As he appeals to y(jur readers 
for additions to that list. I send a cop) ol the title page of a Str.djane-printed pamphlet, 
written by the Rev. \Vm. Dickey ol ( 'ai none, graiidl.ither of I'lofessor l)icke\. .Magee 
College. Dcrry. This pam])hlet is in the library of Rev. l.)r. Kinnear. ex-.M.P. tor Co. 
DcMiegal. who has a large collection o| i,ue and valu.dile books. 

AN 

1 ; S S A N 

V r 1 1 1 

r)Rir;i\ AMI PRlNriiMF,^ 

sEC"i:i)i:R.^. 

H\ Will lAM Dukkv . 



s IK A HANK : 
I'KI N I I I) r.V IdllN A1,1,\A.N"I)1.K. 

I' 1 . \ r.!.i rlsH .Sl\ I l-VCK. 



IReviews of Boohs. 

PiibliLiitiom haiiiii^ iiny /rdriii^ i/fioii local iiiaflcrs. or upon Irish or ^^riicrol .liitit/iiariaii 

si/l'/i\/s 7vill be rcvic-ocd in this colinnn. 

Hooks or Articles for h'e-'iew to be sent to the iulilor. 



SoHi;s of the iiUns of Antriin. By Moira (J'Xcill. Kciinhur^h : William Hhickwood & Sons. 
1900. Price 2 6. 

' All tlie gold in Ballytcaiim is what's slickin" tn the wliin ; 
All the crows in BuUytcarim has a way o' i^cttin thin." 
So runs one ut ihe verses in this dainty volume which haunts one long alter it has i)een read, 
and cannot be suppressed when one rambles over the whin-cap]>e(l knolls above Cushendun, 
where the ill-fated Sliane-an-l)iomas lost his head l)y the fierce kni\es of the MacDonnell clan, 
or wanders up through Craigagh Wood by the rude altar slaii. No one has sung in such 
tender strains of the kindly people, and the romantic scenery of the (liens of Antrim. By no 
one has their traditions, their loves, or their sorrows been so feelingly recorded. The matter- 
of-fact guide book pales before such a volume as this, where e\er_\' line speaks to the imagination, 
and where ever)- thought is inspired by true poetic feeling. 

" But still it's triuh I'm tellin' ye or ma\ I ne\ cr sin I 
-Vll the gold in Ballylearim is what's stickin' to the whin."' 

>k 'f ;!< >i< 
/'roccccli/ij^s o/' the Soc/ctf 0/ Afttu/ttarics of Scotland. Kdinburgh. if599. 
This is a grand volume, containing many most valuable papers, majjs, plans, and other well 
jiroducetl illustrations. Xol 10 be invidious, we woidd single out the carved >t<)nes of Loch 
Awe and other ])laces, where the tombstones are accurately described and illustrated in an 
almost perfect manner. The ci>t and urns at Juniper Clreen and Tillicoultry are also worthy 
of note. aN is also the [i[)er by Dr. Robert Munro descriptive of the crannog and finds at 
Ilyndford. The coloured re|iroductions of the Sibyls at Stirling are wonderfull)- done. We 
doubt if any other Society has excelled these in their ordinary ])roceeding>. 

* * * * 
Horns 0/ Iloiiour and other Studies in tlic Hy-ivays of Arch,coiogy. By l''redcrick Thomas 

I'^lworlhy. London : |ohn .Murray. 1900. I'rice 10 6. 
In many ways this is one of the most remarkable books of the year. for tliligent research and 
widespread collection ot obscure detail we have seldom seen it ecpialled : not but what 
assistance has been freel}' rendered b\' such \srilersas the Rev. S. Baiing-( Jould. The major 
portion of the l)ook is taken up with the cult of llie hand in all ages, begiimiiig with the 
earliest representation of the same, in almost prehistoric times, and devolving down to the 
Dextera Dei of the middle ages. The illustrations of some of the haixls from the Luri)pean 
nui>eum> are a revelation to all outside a very few who have given this deep s\'mbolism a 
lengthened stud}-. No si)ace at our disposal could accurateb' describe or do justice to this 
subject. The book aloi-ie must be referred to by those who would wish to know more of a 
.-ubjerl wj-iose votaries were si)read world-wide in the ages now long |)ast. 

>!; >i< * ^ 
Some Worthies ol the /risk Chniih. \'>\ the late Rev. G. T. Stokes, ii.n. Edited by the 

Rev. II. j. Lawlor, l).l>. Loi-idoii : 1 lodder \ Stoughti >n. 1900. I'rice 6 . 
Dr. .Stokes earned his name as a populai- historian ii-i hi> w-orks on the Celtic and Norman 
Churches, and now. when he has been calletl to his rest, his last lectures ha\e been worthily 
presented to the i)ul)lii' by hi-- ,\\irl> in the chair of ecclesiastical hf^tor)-, in Trinit)- 
College. Dufiliii. Richard Lingard, Duilley Loltus, Narcissus Marsh. William King, and 
Saint Colin, in ol Lindisfarne. are the sithjects treated, tliat of .Vrchbishop King being most 
e.\hau>ti-^el\- dealt with, touching upon the dilierent phases of churcli life during his 
epi--(-opai'-. The ci including chapter deals with the sources i<\ local history, and is an 
excellent epitonu- i}l tlu- store-house which exery aspirant to write a ])arish history should 
'arelull}- study. The Iroinispiece is a truthful portrait of Dr. Stokes in his best days, 
calling up tender renieudjrances to his man)- friends. 



REVIEWS OF HOOKS. 



^85 




il I-, (I IlM.Nl'i 



Till- I ii;- 1 
'I'ht' . /. /^ of raj-lianinit (\> ii .<!/'.' id ni .: liir /Ififosf ('').! ri /.!/'.' S^'.iriv. to^t-lK.f xtith a Chroio- 

iPi^i.al St.iteiiitiit, ft,-. Conipil.'l l.\ l'.. W. I'liii. HillaM : W. .'t (',. IJainl. I. id. l()00. 

I'lii-e 2 6. 
This i, a icc'.ril m| oui Mldcm Idcal iliaiil\-. (.-iiliani-'-il l'\ nuniri..us iinu-^ rclali;iL; In it-> t-aih 
L;'i\criiiii-,s ami luaictarl. iis ; \\v Ir. .nl is| .jrce licinv, a. piiMiail nf ilu- llrsl MaMjiiis oi Doiu'i^all. 
wliii picscntnl till- site on wliirli ihr |iii---iiii hiiiMiiii;-- ^land. It i-, such rai rtully coinpiU'd 
hooks as tin's that l;i) to hiiild up ihr true hisiiii\ ol a huvi: morr than i)tli(.-|- iiioro pictciit inii^ 
works. The i-diloi lia- dotic his work with care .iiid .iccuiacy, and deserves the thanks ol llie 
whole coninuitiitN . 



1 86 REVIEWS OF BOOKS. 

A Land of Heroes. Stories of Early Irish History. Hy \V. O' Byrne. London : 

Blackie & Son. 1900. Price 2/6. 
The popularisation of Irish mythical stories has been quite a feature in recent years, and this 
is the last addition to the number. The different hero-tales are told in simple language, 
suitable for the youth of the country, and no Irish boy or girl would ever be the worse for 
reading them. It is a subject for endless regret that all our children are not saturated with 
these wonderful stories, dealing; with their own land and its inhabitants, in preference to 
those of a more questionable character. Every boy should be able to tell of King Cormac 
;in(l the wonderful deeds enacted at Ross-na-Righ, and every girl of Deirdre and Greine. 
If this volume succeeds in bringing this about to even a small degree, it has done its part 
in a meritorious work. 

* * * * 

Society for the Preservatiott of the Irish Language. Report for iSgg. 

This paper shows the work done during the past year in preserving the Irish language ; and 
although the results are not as satisfactory as one would wish, still there is a hopeful strain in 
every page. The struggle with the Board of Education for a proper recognition of our native 
tongue is continued, and will, we hope, soon be crowned with the success it deserves. 
The Irish language as a spoken tongue should be preserved at any cost, and the sooner those 
in authority recognise this fact the better. 

* >}; ^ ;f: 

The Voice of One. By James H. Cousins. London : T. Fisher Unwin. 1900. Price 2 -. 
This is not the first volume of poems of this talented young author which we have reviewed in 
these pages, and we trust it won't be the last. He has done well in removing the slur from 
us that our scenery and traditions have been heretofore unsung. 

" Unsung, and wherefore, lovely land? 
Hast thou not ample store 
For song, from yonder ocean strand 

To Strangford's shining shore ? 
Hast thou not throbbed to foamy flanks 

And sound of Saxon steel, 
To crash of Cromwell's rattling ranks 
And clansmen of O'Neill ?"' 
Many poems written in similar happy strains are to be found in the pages of this volume. 

^ ^ ^ -^ 
7'he Cathedral Builders : I he Story of a Great Masonic Guiid. By Leader .Scott. London : 

-Sampson, Low, Marston & Co. 1899. Price 21 '-. 
We have in this volume such a comparative study of early Christian arcliitecture and ornament 
as was never before attempted. Nor do we peruse the one-half of the volume until we are forced 
10 admit that the attempt has succeeded in a way far be)ond our expectations. Text antl 
illustration alike iniiisputably lay fact ujion fad and proot of the theories enunciated by this 
clevei' writer. The origin of Celtic ornament is here traced to its fountain head, and surprising 
examples are given, like the great doors of San Marcello at Capua, and San .Michele in Pavia, 
dating from the fourth and fifth centuries, with interlaced Drnament and grotesque figures 
\cry similar to ;iiose we always deemed purely Celtic depicted on nur own crosses and in 
maiuiscripts of the eighth and ninth centuries. Such comparisons as the>e must of necessity 
force us to a reconsideraticMi of the generally accepted ideas of our own insular art. When we 
look u]-)on the capital of interlaced monsters in the .San Zeno at \'erona. we pause to think 
when we have seen the same in Ireland : yet the Italian example dates centuries before our 
own. The sam(> remark applies to some of the ornament in the church of San .\mbrogio in 
Milan, and to the heautitu! panel in San Abbondio at Como. And now the text of the whole 
book must tie applied. The sculptors who executed such work, rude at first, and more 
elaborate as the centuries went h}\ were they a guild witli a common source of education and 
iiKtriictiun, who spread themselves ever westward in little knots, establishing other schools 



REVIKWS OF BOOKS. 1 87 

bound by similar rules to carry on the great and loving work of art culture for the sake of that 
art and ihat religion which they had so much at heart? The writer of the book has made 
oat an excellent case to establish this theory beyond dispute ; and whilst small flaws may be 
delected here and there, and the chapter dealing with Ireland caused, perhaps, by the writer 
never having visited this country is to us the most noticeable, yet they do not affect the 
general argument maintained in the thecjries so exhaustively propounded. We heartily 
welcome this book, and recommend it rheerfnlly to all who take any interest in the study of 
architectural structure and ornameii:. 



IVf 



Down and Connor and Dromon Diocesan Library Catalogue of Books, -with a Desciipl 
Catalogue of the MSS. in Bishop Reeves's Collection. Belfast : R. Carswell .i: Son. 
1899. 
Our only regret is lliat the late Lavins M. Mwari did not li\c to -^ee the completion of this 
volume publislied at his expense, and riroulated in the Diorese at his retpiest. 'I'o him it 
had been a labour of love, and the car^- and aci-iiracy di>pla\cil in every page would, we feel 
satisfied, have been pleasing to him who so valued such wink. The collation of the Reeves 
MSS. was entrusted 10 John Ribton (ilarstin. and it could not have fallen into better hanils. 
This work is invaluable as a reference to local works, and must be <if continual service. 

* >:; ^ * 

The Rev. \V. T. Latimer has published histories of several Piesbvlerian congregations in the 
IVitness. On lOth March, 1899^ appeared /''irst Ballynahalfy : 7th April. 1899, 
Second Stezvartstoivn ; 19th [anuarv. 1900, Li~,v:r Ahhey Street. I')ub!in : and on 23rd 
February, 1900, Second Ahoi^kill. In the /F/^/V of 2isi .April, 1S99. he j^rinied an 
unpublished letter of Rev, William S. Dickson, d. i). : and in the IVhig imd if'itncss of 23rd 
.March, 1900, an unpublished letter of Bishop leremy Ta\lor. He also printed in the /<''//<,' 
of 26th March, 1900, a list of minisier> Iji-longing to the llelfasi precinct who, in 165S, had 
endowments from the Government ol Cromwell. In the Tyrone Constitution ot iith 
August, 1899, he published a narrative, entitled '/'cini /''c/cs's !.a<t Robhery. in which the t'uial 
events in the career of this celebrated Tvroiie rolihrr ire related, in strict accordance with 
! ruth ; Olds' the names of some ofihe actors in ihe scrne^ descrihetl are concealed. The 
name of tin; person robbed by Hccles \\,i^ William Dudgeon, who lived near Hallynahaltv. 

The Northern Whi:^- of 16 lul), KjOO. contains an artirli? ti\ the samt- writer on 
t'rotnweirs Religious Kstablishment . 

;.'; ;;; ;I; ^,- 

The .Xorthc-rii IVhii^ ol 7 |ul\. i<)oo. CMntaincd .1 iftier on Richtrd < 'ox Rowe. ihr 
celebrated Belfast comedian of the last crnturw from the pen of " Belfastiensi^. " 

Thf ETenui^ leUi^rat'ii ot 4 Mas. mxjo. coiualned .111 article on the iiril.i^l I'rivalrei 
' Ania/ori." ol ihr X'olunteer period, wjitteii by ;hr l!diloi ol ilii^ lourn.ii. 

The /'tvvr St'iiida d ol 10 [uh. K)ixi. ronl;un-> an .ulirlr on llie mhahil.inl-- oi 
('umlicr. ('ounly l)err\. with a lis! of Mie nanv- ol ilu- iiihai ntuu-, .iiid tlieii lownlands, taken 
Iroin the r.irorhi.d reiurns to ;he Hon-.;- ot I okK in i7o3..iiid aUo iiom lle.irih fax lists ni 
llir Reroid ' )llirc. Dublin. The Peirv St,r/!J,i'-i 'loc-- well in prinii'i,; -ii'-ji .iitieK-N. 

; :f; ': ;f- 

I'he f.xluliiti'iii held in ilu- l.mcnh.til Lib;. in. i:; M,i\. lorci. .-.dird lonh .1 r,ii.d.->L;ui- 
w or' !i\' ot pir-i-i \'. It ion. rb'- j)i.-H!:r~ 1)\ drre.i-c. i 1 > mI ar li^i -. .if .iccniateK' lisU-d . ^H.m dili;,^ 
,1 I'Oii'LTl ii'lerrnrc- loi- I;, 1111, u-.r. 1 lir lcni;'iv:;' d ii--! o! \ Mlinil'-rr iTlir* i^ aUo .i v.ihi.i'hl^- 
> 'lie. .uid iniwi !" ot ^I'l \-ii-c to t!ir hituir hi^? aMn : :or ni"\er in recent venr-- wa-. .1 nv pri- 
lepresental i\ r -'-l hrouglii togclh'-i. \ij .i|ipr;vli\ l'\ .\ndte\\ ( iibson ilraL wii'n. Helta-' 
liriniiii:.; and othei niaiter^ in ,t di-iaih-.l .nid ('"m] irciien^is f ni.unn-i. 



B^^itionaI Xiet ot Subscribers. 



Till-: |)ul)lisluTs res^rcl ihat the last pulilislu'cl list nf Sul)srril)ers did ni)t contain the names or 
those who subscribe tliiDiiLjh their bool^sellers. The\- now s^ixe such names. If any 
Subscriber's name lias not yet appeared, or il there are any mistakes in names or addresses, 
the etbtor will be pleased to liave such nolilleii to him by post -card. 

Brown. .S. B.. Atlantic .Avenue, P.elfasl. 

l-Jruce. Miss. The I'aiin, l^)elfast. 

t'alwell. I. \'.. Linenhall Street. Belfast. 

Clarke. 1.. A., .M>iyola Lods^'e, Castledawson. 

Cleland. James. 26, .Arthur Street, Belfast. 

I)unlop, (u'o. . to. Collet^e (ireen, Belfast. 

Fisher, Thomas. 28, Arthur Street, Belfast. 

{'orbes, James, 42, University Avenue. Belfast. 

Ilein)-, Doctor. Swan Park, M(}na<^han. 

Kirl^jiatrick, Francis. 49. Ponsonb)' Avenue. lU'llasl. 

Latimer, Rev. W. T. . Ks^lish, Duni;annon. 

Moni^omery, J., ?3, (^)lle^'e Street South. Bellasi. 

M'ilenr}-, Robert, O. F^mwood Avenue, Belfast. 

Ramsay, Sinclaire, Donegal! S(iuare Xortli. Belfast. 

Robin>on, John. 258, Woodstock Road, Belfasi. 

Salmon, Jolm, 122. Casllereagh Street, Belfast. 

Smitli, John, T5allinasloe. 

.''^waiiston. \\'., Limestone Road. BeKasi. 

W'aicl, John, l-'scp, j.i'., lAamowalc, Belfast. 

WiiLjht. lames, Lauiiston. Derry\olgie .\\enue. Bell;i-.t. 

\'.iiiiiLr. Miss. Ballvcasile. Co. .Antrim. 





THE IIAMII/I'OX MOMMKXI', IX IHF, Alii;K\- CHURCH, I'.AXC.OK. 



ULSTER JOURNAL 

OF 

Archeology 



Vol. VI. 



OCTOBER, 1900. 



No. 4. 



To the Subscribers of the 

" Ulster yournal of Archceology'^ 

HK present part ends the sixth vohime 
of the re\i\ecl Ulster journal of 
Arc!iu'(>lo^L:y. In glancini^ over the pages 
issued, an\one can see what an amount 
of vahiable and interesting matter has 
been hiid before tlie puljlic. most of it 
original, and a considerable amount 
preserved from destruction or from 
sources likel}- to dry up and be forever 
forgotten. The illustrations al\\a)-s a 
cHstinctive feature of this Journal are creditable to all concerned, and 
in themselves form a lasting record of the hi-tor\- of our province. 
The editor and the conductors, whose services have been entirel)' 
voluntar}', entailing considerable exjienditure of time and mone}' on 
their part, join with tlie publishers in thanking the subscribers for the 
support so freely extendetl to them on this \eiiture ; but, at the same 
time, the\- wish to repeat what the\- have previousl)- stated in regard 
to the future carr\-ing on of the Journal and that is, to maintain 
efficientl)- the publication on its present lines, additional subscribers 
must be forthcoming. It is particul.irl}- ilesired that every subscril^er 
would make this a i:)ersonal mattei', and that each would obtain at 
o 




IQO TO THE SUBSCRIBERS OF THE JOURNAL. 

the least one additional subscriber. This could casil)- be done with 
a slight effort by every friend of the Journal, and we would earnestly 
press upon one and all the desirability and necessity of doing so. 
Personally, the editor has many friends he considers every subscriber 
one and his services have been freely used by many, and may be 
availed of by all. The only reward he asks is the augmentation of 
the list of subscribers ; and he feels he will not have to appeal in vain. 

In regard to the literary matter of the Journal, contributions are 
invited from every source dealing with subjects coming within the 
scope of its publication. At present there is no fear of a speedy 
termination to such matter. The more we do, the more we find there 
remains to be done ; nor has the work of the Journal been entirely 
literary. Opportunities for carrying out much called for work in pre- 
serving our ancient or historic monuments have been taken advantage 
of We instance the restoration of the ancient cross at Downpatrick, 
the erection of a suitable monument over the grave of St. Patrick, 
the preservation and re-erection of the cross-slabs and monumental 
stones at Bangor, the re-cutting of the MacArthur inscription at 
Layde Abbey, the preservation and re-cutting of the armorial stone 
of the Magennis of Iveagh, at Clonduff, the lettering of the James 
Hope tomb at Molusk, and the re-cutting of the Henry Cox Rowe 
grave-slab at Knockbrcda. Had it not been for this Journal, few, if 
any, of these desirable undertakings would have been carried out, or 
others contemplated. We do not say it boastfully when we state that 
the above alone is not a bad record for any Society working on lines 
similar to that of the Ulster Journal. 

There will be presented to each subscriber, as a supplement to 
the first part of the next volume, a beautiful engraving of Arthur 
O'Neill, the most renowned of the Irish harpers who met at the 
famous Harp Festival, in Belfast, in 1792. Future subscribers to 
the Journal may still obtain the back volumes, a {q\w of which are 
yet to be had. 

In conclusion, we would again urge that subscribers should not 
throw this aside and forget the matter, but would at once set about 
obtaining additions to our list, and not cease until they have done so. 
They will not be asking any favour from their friends, but conferring 
a benefit, as we consider and we are sure all our subscribers join 
with us that this publication is excellent value for the money paid, 
apart from all other literary and historic considerations. 



Some Botes on tbe Hrcbitectural anb flOonumental 

IReniains of tbe lb Hbbe^ Cburcb of Bangor, 

ill tbe Counts of Bown. 

By FRANCIS JOSEPH BIGGER and HERBERT HUGHES. 




----4 



I'AK I II. LA U f"Uc)M 1 llh 

CHASCKL (IF THIC (.HI) 

CHUKCII, 

Ni'W l'KESKK\i-:li I.'. 

BSN(;(IH CAS 11, K, 



IHK OLD ARBEV CHURCH, BANGOR, I9OO. 

From a /)n,7i;,' /,y K. Th,u^>i 



N j)re-Norman times Bangor obtained a world-wide repu- 
tation for sanctity and learning. Its schools contained 
thousands of students, collected from all Western Europe, 
gathered together by the fame of the teachers cloistered 
within its sacred precincts. This continued for many 
centuries, and ended only by the repeated incursions of the 
Danes, who found it easy of plunder by reason of its 
proximity to the sea, upon whose waves ihey were masters, 
none daring to face their undoubted prowess and valour. 
After Bangor had been man\' times burnt and destro\ed, 
it fell into desolation, and its ruined fanes were well-i.igh 
deserted. With the eventual retreat of the Vikings and the 
coming of the Normans, the monastery blossomed into new 
life, the old wattled huts ami charred remains of the wootlen 
buildings were replaced by stone structures of some archi- 
tectural pretensions, the traces of which can still be seen. 
These again fell into ruin and decay, and all the former 
glories of Beatuhorr bi-came a thing of the past. At the 
Suppressicjn, the abbey lands passetl into lay hands, only 
the site of the sacied buildings antl the consecrated ground 
adjoining being preserved h)r t'cclesiaslical uses. 

With its long troubled storv we do not intend to deal ; 
it has been told in other places by more learned historians. 
Our only desire is to gather up the few fragments that 
remain to us. speaking of a long past, which made Hangor 



192 



MONUMENTAL REMAINS OF OLD ABBEY CHURCH OF BANGOR. 



a place second to none within the four seas of Ireland. The only 
pre-Norman relic that is now to be found is the shaft of the early Celtic cross 
preserved at Clandeboye; whilst the Norman remains consist of two cross-slabs 
recently recovered, a few carved stones from the abbey buildings, which 
distinctly tell of an architectural grandeur now forgotten and almost unrecorded, 
and the fragments of a wall with traces here and there of pointed windows. 








~Y^rd(<^^^^c^^p(^ 



SCULPIUKED STONES FROM THE NORMAN .'MiliEV Al' HANGOK. 
From Praniiiffs by U\ y. FenuiU. M.R.I.AJ. 

With the coming of Lord Clandeboye and the Reformed faith at the 
beginning of the seventeenth century, everything was changed. The stones of 
the old abbey were doubtless used to build the new church upon its site ; and 
many must have been the regrets of William Stennors, master-mason, when 
rearing the new edifice, that the old one had passed away beyond re-edification. 
He was of a Guild whose members loved the very stones they worked with 
workmen who left their mark on all the buildings their brains designed and 
their hands helped to raise. He was also one of the first to be laid to rest 
within the walls he had so carefully built. 

The tombstones of this period have a quaintness and a remarkable character 
all their own. We. know of no other church in Ulster that has so many of a 
varied and interesting nature. Each orie is subsequently described in detail. 
Our regrets are almost equal at the removal of the oak-work described by 



MOXUMEXTAL REMAINS OF OLD ABBEY CHURCH OF BANGOR. 193 








3 











V. fc//*ij| VV, -''- '-- 



I .;:^^s- - 




1 UK ham;<~>k i kd^s. 

l)resfrsc.i in C'l.in.lrlioye Chapel. 



194 



MONUMENTAL REMAINS OF OLD ADBEV CHURCH OF BANGOR. 




Harris in 1744, with that of the destruction of the earHer buildings ; but we are 
pleased to note that much of the carved wood still remains, although the 
glowing walls of the white choir have passed away for ever. 

The most ancient relic of Bangor is now carefully preserved in the 
Mar(iuess of Dufferin and Ava's private chapel at Clandeboye. It is portion 
of the shaft of what was once a fine specimen of a Celtic high cross. As it is 
built into the wall, only one side 
of it can be seen, and it bears an 
interlaced pattern of the earliest 
character. In the foregoing illus- 
tration, from an accurate rubbing 
made by us, it will be noted 
that the arms and upper portion 
of the cross are modern, the 
shaft alone being original, which 
measures about 28 inches in 
length and 12 inches in breadth, 
and might date from the tenth 
century. This shaft was formerly 
used as a step from the rectory 
garden into the churchyard, and 
was very properly removed by 
Lord Dufferin and placed in its 
present suitable position. It may 
be that this cross was erected as a memorial to Saint Comgall, abbot of 
Bangor, or to some of his coarbs in that celebrated seat of learning and piety ; 
and some day perhaps the other portions may be recovered in the churchyard 
when a grave is being dug or other excavations carried out. Even last 
summer, when digging a new grave, the sexton, William Magowan (who 
assisted us much, and to whom we are greatly indebted), turned out the small 
cross-incised slab shown in the accompanying illustration. This stone 
measures about 13 inches long and 8 inches wide. The cross is of an early 
pattern and is incised about a quarter of an inch deep, and might date from 
the eleventh or twelfth century. 

Not far away, we had dug u|) the large floriated cross-slab shown on next 
page, which measures 32 inches by 14 inches, the cross being deeply incised in a 
more elaborate manner, somewhat after the style of one preserved at Movilla. 
Unfortunately, a portion of the side has been cut away, but the graceful yfe-w-- 
de-lis ends will be observed. At the base, the head of a pair of shears can be 
seen ; and this is commonly understood as indicating a woman's monument. 
We have had both of these crosses removed into the interior of the church, and 
built into the east wall of the north transept, close to the chancel, above the 



lacised Ssop 



Ih.i: up iH Churchy,. 



MONUMENTAL REMAINS OF OLD ABBEY CHURCH OF BANGOR. 



195 




Beatrix Hamilton monument, for 
preservation and inspection by 
visitors, where we hope they will 
long be treasured and cared for. 
A very remarkable monolith 
is preserved in the grounds of 
Bangor Castle (see illustration). 
It is 6 feet in length, 12 inches 






mm/m""""' 

J^pqlo-jNfoY^fpap 



broad, and 7 inchfs tliick, unonianicnted 
save for tlie lines drawn down the edi;es, 
hav.ng three small crosses cut upon the 
face. The hcpd has been liroken, but is 
pierced in the centre, and fi oni the aperture 
radiate lines to a surroundini; circle. 
Only a portion of this now remains. It is 
a matter for conjecture whether this was 
a sun dial or mere ornament, but we 
incline to the former opinion, and are 
supported in our belief by a similar cross 
at Clone, in the county of Wexlord, which 




SUN-I)I.\I. (?) CROSS, NOW AT RANGOK 

/>.!. ,1 /V.I7lI<Ii' dj If. 7. hOKUll. 



l()6 MONUMENTAt. REMAINS OF OLD ABBEY CHURCH OF BANGOR. 



we have examined, and it has always been considered of this class by 
competent antiquaries. U'e know of no other similar example in Ulster. 





F'^op^s 



cBacV;- 



CROSS KKO.M BANGOR AHBEY, NOW IN BELFAST MUSEUM. 
frc^m a Prairing by //', J. Flunfll. 

In the Belfast Museum there is a small stone, measuring 13 inches long, 
5 inches wide, and about 2';^ inches deep, with crosses carved on every 
side (see illustration), which was found at Bangor Abbey in 1823. The size 
and nature of this stone are very peculiar, and we cannot say exactly for 
what purpose it was made, unless it was placed upon an altar. Upon the 
face is the largest cross upon a calvary, with a circle after the Celtic pattern, 
with smaller Greek crosses cut on either side of the shaft. On the back is a 
plain Greek cross, and the same appears on one of the sides. The remaining 
side has a similar cross, surmounted by a four-quartered interlaced Celtic 
design of a cross pattern. 

Ihe oldest tombstone we have been able to find is that of Bradeshaw, who 
died in 1620, and was buried in the ruins of the old abbey, just at the lime 



MONUNfENTAL REMAINS OF OLD AHREV CHURCH OF HANGOR. 



197 



BLESSED'ARTHE-DCAD 
VhlCH*DILINTHD]LOR 
PfORTHEV'PiESmOM 



lHER-LABOV/<SAt\D?r 

HEIPrVOBKS^HEIR 

*^.WCHAKD-VHO r, 

'DEPAl^T'ITTHIS*:^ 
LYFE-TfE-SlXT'OFi? 

lAUVAm6'2D ^ 



o 



UJ 





Lord Clandeboye was making arrangements for the building of the then new 
church. Thomas Bradeshaw was '" some tyme baiUie in Bangour " an 
expression that we have not 
come across before in this 
country, but was doubtless 
the Scottish magisterial 
ofifice. The lettering is 
raised, and the sculpture 
deeply cut in a remarkable 
manner. The centre panel 
is occupied with three 
figures, surmounted by the 
initials of each : the first, 
T. H. (Thomas Bradeshaw); 
the second, his wife, A. R. ; 
and the third, his daughter, 
A. B. We do not know 
what was the name of his 
wife. These effigies are 
doubtless a survival of the 
old full-length recumbent 
figures, and as such are 
unique with us. The Jaco- 
bean costume will be notetl 
the thin waists and the 
ruffs, and the BaiUie with 
his ca[x The more modern 
skull and cross-bones fill 
the lower portion of the 
stone, together with two 
roses and a heart, which 
doubtless have some heral- 
dic significance. Portions 
of the lettering are worn 
away. 

We have been unable to 
find any other reference to 
Thomas Bradeshaw : the 
name is not mentioned in 
the Hamilton Manuscripts 
or by Harris, and the 
family bearing the same 



c^MDMN'TOMT)Kl 
> 

o 

z 

aTrTivI3wI 




X 
> 



I IlK 1IK.\I)I>I1,\W srONK. 
l,;iiil in liodi adjoining south w.ill, in the interior uf the towt 



tq^ MONUMENTAL RKMAINS OF OLD ABBKV CHURCH OF BANGOR. 

name, who long resided at Milecross, near Newtownards, does not appear to 
have settled in Ireland until a much later date. 



TilS 
STEEPEL 
I \K5\S RAISED 

iAnrio JCTp? 

10 ^BLACKWOB 
lOrCLEELAND 
CHIRCH 
WARDENS 



FRANCIS 

ANESLYIVNER 
GAVE -TOWARD 
Y-RAISING-OF 
TtlS -STEEPLE 
J^-POUNDS 



STONE BUILT INTO THE 

INTERIOR OF THE NORTH WALL 

OK THE TOWER. 

Fiom a RiibbiJiz- 



STONK BUILT INTO THE 

INTERIOR OK THE SOUTH WALL 

OK THE TOWER. 

From a RiibHtig^. 



In the porch of the church under the tower, built into the north and 
south walls, are the two stones here shown. The one on the north records 
the erection of the spire in 1693, and the other, now almost undecipherable, 
records the benefaction of Francis Annesley in the same year. 

The bell in the tower has the following inscription cast in raised letters: 

Thomas Mears, Founder, London. 
Hamilton Carrick Ward, Bangor. 
Cast at Gloucester by A. Rudhai.l, 1750. 
Recast 1843. 

When the old church was pulled down about 1830, and the present 
structure erected, or at the time of the erection of the chancel and transepts 
twenty years later, two most interesting slabs were thrown aside, and allowed 
to lie for many years at the east end of the church. \\'e have had these 
carefully relaid in the floor of the nave close t ) the chancel step, a site which 
must be very close to, if not identical with, the one they formerly occupied. 
The Stennors stone was broken across, but this is not now noticeable, so 
carefully has the restoration been carried out. The one recording the death 
of William Stevnstone bears two shields upon it, now much worn, one of 
which doubtless depicts his wife's arms, and gives her initials as E. E. ; but 
we do not know what her full name may have been.^ The centre portion is 
occupied, as in the other cases, with a rhyming inscription, recording how 
deceased had lost his life at "Walter shore" (Bally waiter), but under what 
circumstances we are not told. 



1 The arms coriespond with those of Edniunstorie, so she may have been of that family. 



MONUMENTAL REMAINS OF OLD AliBEY CHURCH OF BANGOR. 



199 



The other stone 
is a most remarkable 
one. It records the 
death of William Sten- 
nors, master-mason, 
who died in 1626; 
also that of his wife, 
Efon Watson. There 
is a shield at the head, 
bearing the well-known 
emblems of a com- 
pass, a mallet, and a 
square. Stennors was 
one of a Masonic guild 
brought over to Ire- 
land by Lord Clande- 
boye to build the 
church at Bangor, and 
died after being en- 
gaged in that work. 
He may have been 
one of the last of the 
Comacine masters, 
who left their mark 
on every building of 
arcliitectural preten- 
sions throughout 
Western Europe. 

Strange, indeed, if 
liangor should con- 
tain the latest 
ineinoria! of tliese 
celebrated masters, 
whose masonry can 
be traced from North- 
ern Italy, where they 
flourished from the 
third and fourth cen- 
turies. Theprominent 
place given to his 
tomb, and the nature 
of the slab itself, 



*^,KIR-LYES-AWORTHY 




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siHj:a3xwdaa-o 



rui' sri;\'Nsi()NK sionk. 

sl.ili l.^uu.l in till- cluircliyanl. aii'l now restoieil .-it llic ch.uKfl -tejj. 



MONUMENTAL kK.\rAINS OK OLD ARBEY CHURCH OF BANGOR. 



preclude us from thinking that he was any common workman ; and the date 
of his death, immediately subsequent to the erection of the church, confirms 
us in our belit-f that he was the architect engaged upon its erection. There 

is a slab in Melrose 
Abbey recording the 
death of John Muroo, 
who " had in keping al 
mason werk of San- 
tandroys ye hye kirk 
of . glasgvv . melros and 
paslay of nyddysdayle 
and of galway." A simi- 
lar one is in Croyland, 
dating from 1427. Sir 
Thomas Drew has con- 
tributed a valuable paper 
on the " Master Builder 
of Christ Church, Dub- 
lin," who came from 
Parma. and died in 11 75: 
whilst a simple stone in 
Saint Nicholas Church 
at Carrickfergus bears 
record of the Jacobean 
re-edification of the old 
structure in 1614 by 
"Thomas Paps free 
Mason." 

We do not think 
that any further proof 
is needed that William 
Stennors, master-mason, 
was the architect and 
builder of Old Bangor 
Parish Church, having 
been expressly brought 
over by Lord Clande- 
boye for that purpose, 
and that he was one of 
a Guild who had many 
members engaged in 

THE MASTER-MASOX STONE. 
Grave-slab found in the churchyard, and now restored at the similar WOrk throughout 

ctiancel step in the Abbey Cliurch. , i j 

Fr,m a Rubbing. thcse islands. 




MONUMEXTAL REMAINS OF OLD ABBEY CHURCH OF BANGOR. 



We are not to judge Stennors's work by the present debased early Victorian 
structure, but to contemplate the work he actually carried out, and this we 
are fortunately in a position to show. By the description which appears in 
Harris, we are inclined to the opinion that the beautiful, elaborately carved 







I 

I' 

I n 

i ' lit 



i|ijiji 






0\K I'll. ASTER, ^UPToRV, HRArKKT>. AM) .\tOr 1 DI Ni ., KRD.M HANCOR OID cmRill, 
N"'\V l'RK>KK\KI) A I BAM, OR TASILF,. 



202 MONUMENTAL REMAINS OF OLD ABBEY CHURCH OF BANGOR. 

oak referred to was the design of Stennors's brain, if not the work of his hand ; 
and although Lady Sophia Mordaunt may have beautified the church a century 
after its erection, yet the old oak pulpit mentioned bore the date of the 
building of the church, and we cannot think that it was the only oak fitting in 
the early structure. 

The following is the description given by Harris, in 1744 : 

' The Church of Bam^or was built within the Precincts of the old Abby about the Year 
1617, and was not finished till the Year 1623 ; both which particulars appear from Dates on 
a stone in the South Walks, and on an old oak Pulpit, now lying in a corner of the Church. 
The .Steeple of it, through which the Entrance is into the Church, is supported by an Arch of 
nine Strings or Beads, not centring in a point, as many others do, but springing at equal 
Distances round the Arch from side to side ; and an Inscrijition thereon declares it was raised 
in 1693, ^^ which time the Church was well repaired by the said fames Hamilton, and after- 
wards beautified by his Widow, Sophia MorJatint, Sister to the late Earl of Pderborough. 
It is indeed handsomely .\dorned, the Chancell, with a neat and well carved Altar Piece, is 
supported with Corinthian Pillars fluted ; the Rails about the Communion Table and the 
Pulpit carved, the Seats regularly laid out, and tlie whole executed with Oak Timber." 

All this oak work was removed at the time of the rebuilding in 1830, but 
a large portion has been preserved at l^angor Castle, which we have had carefully 
photographed, and here reproduced. The portions we saw consisted of fo.ir 
fluted Corinthian columns (the same as the initial illustration to this article), 
eight pilasters, each about nine feet high, two carved supports, four lengths 
of moulding, and several brackets, which constituted the canopy referred to. 
The carved and dated pulpit, the "neat and well carved Altar Piece," and 
the communion table, we have been unable to discover; but we feel satisfied 
tiiey were quite in keeping with the portions we have pictured, and must have 
been made by one who knew his work, in a district where life was too stern 
and matter-of-fact to be noted for architectural or artistic refinement. 

The portions of the oak we have seen are equal to the best in Waringstown 
Church, which is recognised as the finest in Ulster : but it has been tastefully 
preserved and added to, whilst Bangor has been removed and cast aside. 

We have tried to trace the origin of Stennors, but so far have not 
succeeded ; the name is an unusual one, and rarely met with, and it may also 
be noted that the Christian name of his wife, Efon, is also uncommon. 

Close to the pulpit, on the east wall of the south transept, is built a large 
square panel recording the obituary of John Gibson, Dean of Down, who died 
in 1623. He was brought to this country at the instigation of Lord Clandeboye, 
as first rector of the church then built. Harris gives this inscription, with 
nimierous mistakes, which have been repeated elsewhere : he states forty as 
the number of communicants at the Dean's entry we read the number 
as eleven. 

The only monument of elaborate sculpture is that of James Hamilton 
and Sophia Mordaunt (see frontispiece illustration). In the old church of the 
last century it stood against the south wall, close to the pulpit, but is now 



MONUMENTAL REMAINS OF OLD ABBEY CHURCH OF BANGOR. 203 



KIRLYESBELOVE-A^ELEARICDftM) 
REVERAtOFAnfRMCOIISCHVRCH 
rKTERIHOH-ClBSOMJEllCE-REFOR 
mC[oVl-FROM-POPARYTtFlREST. 
EAVE-OF-DOVWE-SEVD-BYHIS-M/JES 
TIE-IHT0THI5K1MCD0M'AM)^ICEVED 

BYMYLORD-CLAHEBOYE-TO-BE-PREAC 

KRATBAHGORATHIS-roTRY.HADXI 

C OMHVMICAMTESAPDAFHISCPAR 

TOV?THISWF-Sl-OFIVMlH^JiEFT-KOO 

BEmG-0F-AGE-6J-YEARS-50-CHRYSms 

HEADVAMTAGE-BOnHM-lYFEAWliATH 



THK DEAN CIK^ON MON U MKN 1 . 
Large stone panel built into east wall of south transept. 

I-ron, ., Kiihhn,-. 

erected in the soutli transept, which is raised above tlie vault there constructed. 

On a medallion are depicted the two heads in profile, against which is leaning 

a cherul) with inverted torch, whilst a female figure, with a book, is shown 

in a reverent attitude. .\ shield of arms Hamilton impaled with Mordaunt, 

and the crest of the latter family surmounts the whole, which is the work of 

an eminent sculptor, P. Scheemakers.^ The following is the inscri[)tion : 

Sacred to the meiuory of J.VMES II.VMILTOX uf 

B.WCjOR Ks(] Dcsceiuictl fioiii the I'"aiiiil)- uf the Lords 

of CL/\NDEB()V, and of SOI'HI.\ MUKDAl'XT his consort 

Dan<;hter of JOHN' L' Vifc' .MORDAUNT .V (Irandaui^hter 

to the Karl of PETERHOROUC.H and to the Karl of MONMOUTH 

I'his Monument (as an act of l''ilial I'iety) was 

Erected pursuant to the Will of ANN their IClde.^t 

Dauf^htcr (Relict of MICIIEAEL WARD Kscj late a Justice 

of the Kinos Bench in IRKK.AND) who departed tliis life 

in DUBLIN on the 17"' day of May 1760 

The presrni Karl of CL AN BR AS.SI LL is desctaided 
from a younger branch of this I'amily. 

1 Ke(lf;ra\e in his Di,ti.'Ha'-y ,>f A>ti.its of the Kn^^lis/i S,/t<'<>! (p. qno), says : " P-ter >i;heeiiiakers w.is 
horn at Antwerp in ificii. ... He came to Knul.ind, ami esi.ilili^hint; himscll in St. Martin's lane, settled 
there in the practice of his profe^si.)n. He soon lonnil cou-iderahU- employnient, was encouraced hy ihe Court, 
and shared the patronage of the time willi Roiihiliac afid Kysl)ra.:k. He excelled in hu^Is. tliree of whi. h hy 
him are in Weslminsti-r .Ahliey ; where there is aKo, c.irved hy him a moruinK nt to Sliakcsprare, after Kent's 
ciesif;n ; and a j;ood monum nt ti I )r. ( ha'nberlain, one to I ir. .Mead in the Temple Church; a statue of 
Kdward VL in hron/e at (liiys Hospital : an I many statues in >jard'-ns at Stowe. Hi> nio.iels, picinies and 
marbles were sold hy auction at L.uigford in 1756; and, some remaining, in the following; year. In 17C9 he 
retired to .Antwerp, heie he soin alttrwards died." 

Ihe above had a son, Thomas, also a -.cnlptor. who died :n 1808, age! 63 yean, and w.iv huded in 
St, Pancras old chunhvard. 



204 MONUMENTAL REMAINS OF OLD ABBEY CHURCH OF BANGOR. 

Harris records the inscription on the monument of the Lady Beatrix 
Hamilton; but after the lapse of 150 years, more than one-half of the lettering 
has been weathered away. In a few more years all would have disappeared. 
This monument was erected against the south wall of the tower on the 
outside; but we have had it carefully removed inside, and placed, with the 
two cross slabs, against the east wall of the north transept, close to the 
chancel, at the same time painting on the letters of the inscription that were 
missing. This has not injured the monument in the slightest degree, and has 
made the whole of the epitaph readable by anyone. We annex a copy of it, 
indicating in smaller type the missing letters, which have now been painted 
in, thus showing how few of the original letters were traceable. The poetry 
is remarkably quaint, and is well worthy of the preservation we have afforded 
it. It is also the earliest of the Hamilton stones, but has no heraldic or 
other sculpture whatever. 

The following is a copy of the inscription on this stone. Where letters 
are overlined, it is to indicate that they are joined together in the original. 

BEATRIX . HAMILTON . 
OBIIT . ANNO . MDCXXXIII . | 

OtrOB . XIX . AKTAT . SUAE . XXVII . ' 

MoKRENs . MARlTVs . condidit . 

THE . HODiK . OK . Beatrix . HKek . below . 

IX . HOPE . OK (H.ORIK . doth . xoW '. sweetiv . rest . 

HEK . ^0\'I,E . HAITI . SOAKD . WHEK . IT.O(.)l)S . OF . JOY . DOE . ELOW . 

01- . sioN . that's . ABO\"K . A . OLORIOWS . C.VKST . 
WHKR . (TiKVsrAi. . sTRKA.MS . WlfER . GOLDEN . CLANnNG StReeis . 
ENiov . A . CONSTANT . DAY . WITTiOVT . A . NIGHT . 
\viFT:r . lAsi'ER . WALs . VVIFeR . PORTS . OK . PEERRLess . pEarle . 
EMBRODRED . ARE . WITH . TIUL . LAM1 . .SHVNING . lIGh r . 
THITHER . I . (ioE . Slil-: . SAID . THIS . BODIE . KRAILE . 
sHAi. . SHORTLY . IN . MY . COKIN . SWEETLY . REST . 
ONSE . SWEET . TO . fUK . BOT . NOW . TO . CHI^IST . farwell . 
weL . MEET . I . f\'i.LY . HAYE . wHOM . I . LOYE . BEST . 

. BLEssED . COYENANT . AE\EENE . KOR . AY . 
WHO . WaS . ii\'r . A . PoORE . iiiin(, . eEn . yEsTeRdav . 

1 These two lines re.^(l correctly, and .ire a-- tjixeti hy Harris ; but the stone indicates a few letters not in 
this position, 

C To he i:o7ttiuued. ) 




IHotee on 3ri6h i8tbiiolociv> : ^be riDilesian HD^th. 




By JOHN M. DICKSON. 

E find among all nations certain legendary traditions 
which, during times of ignorance and superstition, 
have ])assed for history, hut which in most civili/ed 
countries have long since been reduced to the 
small nucleus of fact that existed in most of them, 
and thus been brought into line with authentic 
records; but in Ireland a ilesire seems to exist to 
put off the evil day of disillusionment, and to cling 
to the old mythology />/ ^^M>o. 

The pressure of recent troubles has at all times prompted men to believe 
in a golden age of happiness in the distant past ; and as this feeling has been 
intensified in "'the distressful country"' by its unhappy experiences during the 
historical {)eriod, we can scarcely wonder at this desire to point to some brighter 
and more dignified conditions in a bygone time. Though, under these circum- 
stances, it may seem unkind to intericre in any way with a delusion so 
cherished, the writer believes that the small kernel of truth contained in Irish 
tradition can only be rescued and preserved for the use of serious students of 
the subject by stripping off the husk of legendary absurdity that still encum- 
bers it, and which has made it the object of general ridicule from the time of 
Rabelais to the present day. 

Among these national traditions, perhaps the commonest form is that of 
a more or less mythical or supernatural origin for their dominant caste : being 
one about which the dominant caste itself would not be likely to encourage 
either scepticism or undue inciuiry, and for which the numerous parasites that 
have at all times found their interest in llattering "the powers that be," would 
from time to time invent further details to suj)j)ort and illustrate. 

Of this class the Milesian myth is a typical example. It runs through all 
the "Annals" of Ireland, and forms the basis of the numerous and more or 
less a{}ocryphal genealogies. I'rom the number of these writings it is difficult 
to select, but om: or two ([uotati(jns may be sufficient. In the Anna/s of the 
Four Masters, undei' the date "The year of the world 3500" (which, accord 



206 NOTES ON IRISH ETHNOLOGY : THE MILESIAN MYTH. 

ing to their chronology, is 1,695 years before the birth of Christ), we find 
" The fleet of the sons of Miledh came to Ireland at the end of this year" ; 
while the Anna/s of Clonmacnoise state that "The sons of Miletus arrived in 
Ireland on the 17th of May 1,029 years before Christ." Now, it will be 
observed that between the above two dates there is the trifling difference of 
666 years ; but this is neither so important nor so interesting as the occurrence 
of the name "Miletus," instead of "Miledh," in the latter narrative. This, 
as the writer hopes to show farther on, rather "lets the cat out of the bag," 
so to speak. These are comparatively brief notices of such an important 
arrival; but if we turn to Keating's History, written about 1629, there is no 
such absence of detail to be complained of : on the contrary, we find with 
regard to this matter a farrago of absurdity which it is difficult to believe 
could have been compiled by any man writing later than the Elizabethan era 
of English literature : but, indeed, what absurdity is too gross for those whose 
motive in pursuing an inquiry is to seek support for some prejudice already 
held to be more precious than truth ? 

According to Keating, one ^^ Nivl" the third in descent from Magog, 
having married " Scota" daughter of Pharaoh, King of Egypt, was father of 
Gaedal, a contemporary of Moses, from whom his descendants were called 
Gaels. The grandson of this Gaedal, named ^' Snt" having been banished 
from Egypt, and having on his route travelled through " Scythia " and other 
countries, landed in Spain, where his people settled, and where a descendant, 
" Breogan," built a tower named after himself' at Corunna, in Galicia. 
Breogan's grandson, " Ga/amh''' (a name signifying a brave man or warrior), 
otherwise entitled '"' Miledh Esbaini" (translated "the soldier of Spain"), 
again visited Scythia, while there married "Seng,'" daughter of the king of 
that country, and lived there several years ; but upon some trouble arising 
between the king and himself (about " paramountcy," apparently), Galamh, 
finding Scythia "too hot to hold him," sailed to Egypt, where, having arrived, 
he, as usual, married Pharaoh's daughter this time also called "Scota" 
from whom his descendants received their name of "Scots." Having lived 
in Egypt for seven years, during which he made himself indispensal)le 
generally, he suddenly " remembered him " that, after all, it was neither 
"Scythia" nor "Egypt," but Ireland, the sovereignty of which had been 
foretold for his posterity. He, therefore, sailed from I'^gypt in three vessels ; 
and, after preying on the coasts of Europe, landed at Biscay "among his 
own people." Having learned that Spain was over-run by "foreigners 
and Gothi," he collected "his own partizans," and, after fighting fifty-four 
battles against them, cleared Spain of all "foreigners," and "enjoyed the 
sovereignty." 

By this time we learn that Galamh had thirty-two sons, of whom twenty- 
four had been born of concubines before he left Spain for Scythia. \\'e 



NOTES ON IRISH ETHNOLOGY : THE MILESIAN MYTH. 207 

may hope that, having sown his wild oats, he had now reached years of 
discretion. 

Not satisfied with the sovereignty of Spain, and further induced to seek 
"fresh woods and pastures new" by a famine in that country, caused by 
"a drought that had lasted for twenty-six years," the "sons of Miledh," 
shortly after his death, embarked in the conventional "thirty ships," with 
"thirty warriors in each," for Ireland, where, after encountering magic mists 
and storms raised by sorcery, they subdued all opposition, and brought their 
wanderings to an end at last in the land of destiny. 

Now, in endeavouring to find the "poor halfpenny-worth" of truth in this 
"intolerable deal" of absurdity, we may perhaps find a key in the continual 
recurrence of " Scythia " in the narrative, together with the apparently 
accidental exchange of the name "Miletus" for "Miledh" in the Annals 
of Clonmaoioise. 

It is evident that these old Irish chroniclers, having stumbled upon the 
frequent notices of the real Milesians to be found in the works of Herodotus 
and other (ireek historians, jumped to the conclusion that these were the 
adventures of their own legendary "sons of Miledh." 

Now, the true Milesians were a (ireek colony, who, about 800 B.C., 
invaded the [province of Caria, in Asia Minor, and there founded the city 
of Miletus, at the mouth of the river Macander, which became the centre of 
a mariiime sovereignty, much like that of Venice in later times, and that 
existed as an important power for 300 years, until the Persians, under Darius, 
conriuered it, 500 li.c. I*>om Miletus (their capital) these Milesians estab- 
lished many dependent cities or trading outposts, several of which, such as 
SinopL', Trebi/OTid, Olbia, etc., were situated on the coasts of the Euxine, 
in what was then known as .Scythia, and their dt)ings in that region were 
IVeiiuently mentioned in the histories of the time. Though they had many 
of their dependencies on the Mediterranean, about the most westerly being 
Massilia (now Marseilles), they had none beyond the " Pillars of Hercules"; 
and, as their doings were fully recorde-d, suc-h an unusual ex[)loit as a settle- 
ment in Ireland could not have escaped all notice. 

I'esides the hopeless discrepancy between the period of the real Milesians 
and any of the dates given in the Irish legends, it is hardly necessary to point 
out thai a (ireek people could not have traded here for any length of time, 
much less have concjuered and possessed the land, without leaving a single 
trace of (ireek influence behind them. 

With regard to the tradition that these warriors came from Spain, most 
students of Irish legend are aware that the phrase "out of Spain" is simj)ly 
ecjuivalent to " frc^m foreign parts": besides, the portion of S{)ain supposed 
to be j)eculiarly theirs (iaiicia-is, and has always been, inhabited by the 
small, (lark, and uiuMiter[)rising Iberians, similar to the native race in Ireland, 



208 NOTES ON IRISH ETHNOLOGY : THE MILESIAN MYTH. 

which was itself conquered and held in subjection, and even in contempt, 
hv these warlike "sons of Miledh." 

Indeed, the Norman invasion of l-^ngland was the nearest historical counter- 
part of this latest Celtic invasion of Ireland ; and as iiistory repeats itself a<<ain 
and again in such matters, we find that these military adventurers at once 
became a ruling caste, from which all noble families, for centuries afterwards, 
sought to trace their descent. While owing their success in part to a more 
perfect military system, which may have suggested the title, "sons of the 
soldier '' (a title likely enough to be accepted by the conquerors at a time 
when war was the only honorable profession), we know that they claimed a 
racial superiority to the masses, and had their claim admitted apparently 
without question. 

Tliough every sovereignty has based its title on the sword, it seems 
probable that these "sons of the phantom soldier," as Professor Rhys has so 
happily named them, may have had a still better title to the soil of Ireland, as 
we find one of them named "Airem" (genitive, Airemon), the ploughman, 
which suggests that by them agriculture was introduced among a community 
hitherto merely hunters or herdsmen ; and as he that first invests his labour 
in taming the wilderness thereby establishes the fairest claim upon it, the title 
of these last Celtic conquerors may have rested on e(iuity as well as force. 
Though this ancient Milesian or Celtic aristocracy held its ground in Ireland 
till Elizabethan times (the Norman adventurers in the twelfth century being 
rather absorbed by it than the contrary, and becoming "Hibertiis ipsis 
Hiberniores"), it has, during the last three centuries practically disappeared as 
an element in the Irish population. 

As bearing on this subject, we quote from The Welsh People^ by Professor 
Rhys (1900, page 32) : "The P'rench of the present day, with the exception of 
the Teutonic element in the north-east of I'Yance, are, in the main, neither 
(jauls nor Aryans of any description so much as the lineal representatives of the 
inhabitants whom the Aryans found there. In fact the Cauls were not very 
numerous even when they ruled the wtiole country. . . . There seems to 
l)e no reason to suppose that the dominant Celts in this country were relatively 
more numerous than in Caul. They formed a ruling class, and led their 
dependants in war, which was their business above all other things.' IJesides 
those obscure causes that give to an aboriginal population the advantage in 
survival, and besides the "homing" instinct of the Iberian referred to in a 
former paper, which no doubt prevailed in those countries also, there were 
agencies at work in Ireland during the past three centuries that tended to the 
disappearance of this Milesian Celtic element more than in either I'Yance or 
Wales. Upon it fell the brunt of the constant fighting in the century that 
included the l-^.lizabethan, Cromwellian, and Williamite wars ; and upon the 
capitulation of Limerick, almost all tlu; officers crossed the sea to enter the 



NOTES ON IRISH ETHNOLOGY : THE MILESIAN MYTH. 209 

armies of France, Spain, and Austria ; and during the century following the 
capitulation, the pressure of the penal laws drove so many of the young men 
of good family into foreign service, that, from the military records, it was 
computed that during that time 450,000 men of Irish birth died in the service 
of France alone. It is in the aristocracy of the countries mentioned above 
that we must seek for their descendants, and not in Ireland : indeed, one has 
only to observe the native population in any western town lo-day (Sligo, for 
instance), to recognise how universal is the dark, undersized, and not comely 
type of the old native race, so ruthlessly depicted by Duald MacFirbis as "the 
descendants of the Firbolgs," and declared to be, even in his time, "the most 
numerous." 

1X0 IE. For a detailed exaniinaliuii of llic Celtic que.stion, .see Ihe Kaces of Euiope: 
a Sociological Study. By \V. T. Kipley, I'h.D. Tuwcll Institute Lectures. Ed. J 




Sbc Ibistor^ of ^^nan ipadsb, in the flrcb^'bioceee 

of annagb, 

IVith notices of the O'Neills and other territorial families, the parochial clergy, 
ecclesiastical remains, and copies of documents relating to the district. 

By thk late Right Rev. WILLIAM REEVES, Bishop of Down 
AND Connor and Dromore. 



(Hitherto unpublished. ) 



( Continued from pa^e 182.) 




i^S^.-VJ^J'Jl2)U, 



[The manuscripts of this work have been placed in the hands of the editor by the 
governors of the Armagh Library, and by Sir James H. Stronge, Baronet, of Tynan Abbey. 
Fortunately, the work was almost completed by the late bishop ; nevertheless, the editor 
craves the indulgence of the reader for any errors which may creep into the text, and for 
the arrangement of the matter. To follow in the wake of Dr. Reeves, and not fail, is no 
light task.] 

" ' ^ ERRYNOOSE was of old a separate parish, and one 

^ of those whose rectories were appropriate the 
k college of Colidei of Armagh. 

In i4.'^o, the provision made by that corporation 
for the vicar was so small that Primate Swayne had 
found it necessary to take active measures for the 
enforcement of a larger stipend, no one being willing 
to accept the benefice upon the existing terms. 
The parish church stood in the townland of Lisrtarkelt, and it, with fifteen 
other townlands situate in that part of the parish which is in the barony of 
Tiranny, was held by a herenach of the family of MacEoghain (Mackeown); 
and it, as well as those of Kilmore Twina (Tynan), and Clonfekena (Clon- 
feakle), was specially bound by ancient usage, whenever occasion should occur 
for the Primate to visit his city of Armagh, to provide through their herenachs 
and tenants, at their own expense and travail, both in regard to men and 
horses, for his carriage, coming and going, as well as entertainment for himself 
and those with him, thus evidencing, in 1441, its antiquity as a religious 
foundation. 

It was found by the Armagh Inquisition of 1609 that the rectory and 
vicarage were united to the priory of Colidei of Armagh, and that the prior 
for the time being was parson in right of his place. 

Pending the final adjustment of the parochial revenues, Oliver Gray, A.B., 
was collated to the benefice in 16 13, and continued in possession till after 
1622. He was succeeded by Robert Maxwell, afterwards Bishop of Kilmore, 
who, on the 22 November, 1625, was presented by the Crown to the rectory 
of Tynan, together with this parish, his patent, including Toaghie, otherwise 
Dirrenoos, united and consolidated with Tynan pro hac vice, and to be held 
during his natural life. By the dissolution of the priory, the rectory and 



THE HISTORY OF TYNAN PARISH. 2lt 

vicarage had become vested in the Crown; and by the charter of the Vicars- 
Choral, 23 May, 1634, they were disappropriated, consoHdated, for ever 
united with cure, and made one entire presentative rectory, and the advowson 
granted to the see. The tithes also of forty-eight towns of Toaghy, formerly 
parcel of Derrynoose, which had been separated from it and annexed to the 
priory, were restored by the said charter. 

In 1643, when Dr. Robert Maxwell, the rector, was promoted to the 
bishopric of Kilmore, he received, iti commendavi with his see, a grant of 
these united rectories. When he resigned them in 1666, his successor, James 
Downham, was presented to both ; and Henry Maxwell, his successor in 
1668, entered on the enjoyment of this great union, which, though hitherto 
accidental, and on each occasion pro hac vice, was made legally permanent, 
14 September, 1682, by virtue of statute of Charles II. of 1662, intituled 
" An Act for the real union and disunion of parishes," though practically in 
contravention of one of the pleas for disunion in its preamble : " Whereas, 
parishes in some parts of the kingdom are so vast and extended in length 
that it is difficult for the parishioners to repair to their parish churches, and 
return home the same day." 

The union, however, was effected through the Maxwell interest, though not 
till the last of the twenty years, which were allowed by the Act for the 
employment of its provisions; and Derrynoose and Tynan were then united 
and made one entire rectory under the name of f/ie rectory and parish of 
Tynan. 

'i"he injury occasioned to the parishioners by such an overgrown benefice, 
with but one church and one minister, soon began to be felt ; and in 1701, 
when William King, Bishop of Dcrry, held the visitation of the diocese of 
Armagh for Primate Boyle, an entry was made in the book in his own hand to 
the effect that, whereas the distance of Derrynoose from the church of Tvnan 
prevented the {)arishioners of the former from attending Divine service, the 
rector (Henry Maxwell) prcjmiscd to pay ^^^30 a year for the maintenance of a 
curate, and that he woukl trv and induce the parishioners to contribute 
towards building a cha])el for i )frryiioose, aiul that the curate should assist in 
both parishes, as the union was real. The [)roject, however, of erecting the 
(Chapel of Ease by subscription fell t.) the ground ; for in an entry of the 
old vestry book of Tynan, it is stated by the chairman, that, on the 14 of 
June, 1703, " I proposed the laying on of money for a Ctia )ell of Durrenuse 
according to the order of the Couri at .Vnnagh, and a Rule made at the 
Visitation by the Bishop of Dcrri. but none would consent." .Vs regards the 
parish officers, it was the custom at the ICa^tcr vestries in Tynan church for 
the [)arishioners to elect one churchwarden and sidesman for the L;pi)er or 
Derrynoose portion of the parish, and owki in like manner for the Lower or 
i'ynan portion. 



2r2 THE HISTORY OF TYNAN PARISH. 

But, on the avoidance of the parish, in 1 709, by the death of the rector 
Henry Maxwell, the growing evil was remedied by a statute of Queen Anne,' 
intituled " An Act for dissolving the union of the parishes of Tynan and 
Derrynoose," etc., setting out that, whereas, pursuant to the above-named 
Act of King Charles II., " the parish and rectory of Derrynoose is united in 
perpetuity to the parish and rectory of Tynan, and the said parishes are made 
and constituted one entire rectory and parish, by and under the name of the 
rectory and parish of Tynan ; and whereas by the late increase of protestant 
inhabitants in the said united parishes the cure is become too great to be 
discharged by one minister, and the parochial church of the said united 
parishes is not large enough for the convenient accommodation of the 
parishioners of the said united parishes to hear divine service and perform 
religious duties in ; and also for that most part of the said late ])arish of 
Derrynoose lieth at too great a distance from the parochial church of the said 
united parishes ; for remedy therefore of the said inconveniences, and to the 
end that the cure of the souls of the inhabitants may be better attended 
and taken care of than the same can be by one person, and the inhabitants 
of the said united parishes be encouraged by the accommodation they will 
have for the worship of God in publick, frequently and constantly to resort 
and repair to their several parish churches for the due performance of religious 
duties, be it enacted that from and after the 29th of September, 1709, the said 
union be null and void ; and the said parishes are and shall for ever hereafter 
be deemed, esteemed and taken as two distinct parishes, and be divided and 
separated in such manner and by such means and bounds as they were before 
they were united as aforesaid, and each of them shall be separate and 
independent from the other and shall each of them by itself have all parochial 
rights and privileges as separate and distinct parishes. The patronage of both 
shall be for ever in the Archbishop. And whereas the ancient parish church of 
Derrynoose is very inconveniently situated and in a ruinous condition, that it 
may be lawful for the Archbishop of Armagh and the rector, with consent of 
the churchwardens and major part of the inhabitants at a vestry assembled to 
build a new church in some more convenient place in the said parish on a 
parcel of ground not exceeding one acre plantation measure ; and if within 
three years from November 1709, they do not agree, the Archbishop shall 
appoint a place for building the said church in the centre of the said parish, 
or as near thereunto as conveniently may be.'" 

Thus terminated the union which, for nearly a century, had subsisted of 
these two large and important parishes, extending over a surface of 47,446 
acres : and this disintegration has, according to the exigencies of the several 
|)ortions, from time to time, been since Ibllowed up, so that out of Tynan has 
grown the perpetual cure of Middletown, and out of Derrynoose the rectory 

1 8 Queen Anne, cap. 13. 



THE HISTORY OF TYNAN I'AKISH. 213 

of Keady, and of the rectory of Keady part of the district cure of Armagh - 
breague, and out of Derrynoose and Armagh the district cure of Aghavilly, 
and out of Tynan, Derrynoose, and Armagh, the district cure of Killylea, thus 
giving seven incumi)ents instead of one, with the aid of t^vo or more 
stipendiary curates. 

Charles Proby, a.m., was, on the i October, 1709, collated the first 
Rector of Derrynoose ; and a njw church being ordered to be built, agreeably 
to the provisions of the Aci, a portion of the glebe land of .Madden was made 
over for the purpose, thoug'n situate, instead of the centre, at the very west 
verge of the parish; and on the J5 Se[)tember, 1713, Primate Marsh com- 
missioned John Stearne, Bishop of Dromore, to consecrate the same and the 
churchyard adjoining. 

Charles Proby died in 1725, and wa> succeeded by Charles Este, a.m., on 
whose resignation, in 1730, William Usher, a..\i., was collated to the living. 
In 1738, the yearly value of the benefice was ^^^20. This incumbent, and 
the Rev. John Strong, Rector of Tynan, having represented to Government 
that the townland called Carraghnaghs, part of Tynan parish, lay very remote 
from that church, but contiguous to this parish,' and that there had been 
doubts and disputes about two other townlands, called Baltea and Derryhagh, 
to which parish they belonged, lying between the two churches, and contiguous 
to both parishes, which were formerly united, the said townland of Car- 
raghnaghs (the tithes worth about ^15 a year) was united to Derrynoose; and 
the townland of Baltea and Derryhagh (worth ^^26 a year), united to Tynan, 
by Act of Council, dated 30 of June. 1 740. 

Balteagh and Derryhaw have since continued [)art of Tynan, while 
Carraghnaghs, now known as the four towns of Carragh, lying about nine 
miles south of 'Tynan, continued in l)cn\n(X)se until that portion of the parish 
in which they were situate was cut off to form the rectory oi" Keady. In the 
Down Survey, and subsecjuently in the X'eslry Book of 'I'ynan, the four towns 
of Carranagh were certainh' regarded a^ a part of 'l"\nan, though divorced by 
several inter\ening townlands from the main body of the parish : but in 
earlier times they were n(jt so, for there is a record preserved in I'rimale 
Swayne's Register, of the date oi 1430, in which the vicarage of Derrynoose is 
endowed wiili a portion of the tithes and ol)lations of Ballymaclemy (i/ra 
wnfi's, Ballymacolgan, Ballvhydocowa, and ("aranach, situate in that parish. 
It may be added that, in the iuaj)s of 1609, their ap|)ropriation is not 
specified, their line of boundary contaiinng only thi^ note: "The eight towns 
of the Charanagh (recle Charanagh) belonging to Toghrany." Assessments 
used to be made at vestries in Tvnan chinch, in the early half oi the 
eighteenth centur\, for the road through thf " tour townes of Carranaghes" ; 
and in one instance, in the old vestry book, ihey are specifically named as 

1 .\t .uiL-.irlicr prri-d lii.-c ^^.l- iv . d.-ii'hi : fof, i'l lli' -u^M<i\ v .11 .A C aintv Arm.t^li, lO-.,, Holt^^ya^h 
0;.iltr;.,.;li1 .111.1 neii.ldia-li I 1 Icn ili.iw) .u c pl.v .-'I In [Icn y'i. .u>c p.iii-li. 



2 14 'HK HISTORY OK TYNAN PARISH. 

Killcam, Trevenamure, Craigduffe, and Crossannagh, now known as Kilcam, 
Tievenamara, Cravirckduff, and Crossnenagh, in that part of Keady which 
lies in the barony of Tiranny. 

After the Restoration, James Downham, prior to 30 May, 1662, was 
presented to the united parishes of Tynan and Derrynoose, with the 
prebend of Tynan, of which the former was the corps, by Primate Bramhall, 
who had, in 1634, succeeded Downham's father in the see of Derry. On 
his appointment to these parishes, Downham found that the townlands 
which had been granted to them respectively for glebes, soon after the 
Plantation of Ulster, and which had been enjoyed by the incumbents till the 
great Rebellion, were now unlawfully detained by unauthorized persons to 
the prejudice of their present successor. 

Accordingly, he laid his grievance before the House of Lords ; and on 
the 30 of May. 1662, "the humble petition oi fames Dcnviiam, clerk, was 
read ; and it was ordered,' that pursuant to the order of the house for 
restitution of Church possessions in the year 1640 and 1641, the Petitioner be 
restored, and put into the possession of the townland Madan, in the County 
of Armagh, formerly assigned as a glebe to the parish of Derranouse and the 
townland of Dromadmore in the said County formerly assigned as a glebe to 
the parish of Tinon in the said County, by the Sheriff of the said County of 
Armagh, forthwith, upon sight of this order upon peril that will thereupon 
ensue."'" 

The descendants of Colla-da-crich continued for many centuries in posses- 
sion of the several territories which now constitute the county of Armagh. 
Of them, the most distinguished were the family of Ohi Anluain (O'Hanlon) 
and the Clann Sinaich,-' in which the primacy and the principal offices of the 
cathedral church were for a long period limited. Both, however, gradually 
sank in importance, and in their stead arose the O'Neills,-^ who, in the pro- 
cess of ramification, spreading beyond the bounds of their patrimonial 
Tyrone, took possession of large tracts in the county of Armagh, and reduced 
the ancient proprietors to a condition of vassalage. 

At the commencement of the fourteenth century, Donnell O'Neill, the 
chief of that name,' was comj)elled, by ecclesiastical censures, to withdraw 

1 Orders for restoration of Church l;uids, 15 June, 1661 (Journal House of Lords, \'ol. i., p. 248); 
10 June, 1661 (/V'., p. 250) ; II July, 1662 (/A., p. 318). 

Journal J/o'isf of Lords (IV.) vol. i., p. 305b. See Palatine Note Book, vol. i., No. q, p. 161 
(i .September, 1881). 

2 So called from Se^.^ch, who was seventh in descent from Colla. See .MacFirbis, Geneal. MS., p. 3093. 
Notices of the Clan Sinaich occur in the Anna/s 0/ Utster '^l ioj8, and in /-our Masters m 1059 and 1086. 
Flann ina Sinnaich, keeper of Hachall Isa, the celebrated pastoral staff of Armagh, resided there in the 
Trian Saxan, or English quarter (Anna/s of Ulster, ii^^J, anil his death is recorded at 1135 (Four Masters). 

3 This iUustrio .s family derives its name from Niall Olundubli, who was slain by the Danes in 919. 
U;iNeill or O Neil! i.e., grandson of Niall was first applied as a surname to his grands m, Domhnall, who, 
after twenty-four years' sovereignty, died in .'Xrm.agli in 979. Ihey were descended from Eoghan, or Owen, 
son of Niall of the IX. Hostages, whos- posterity svere called Cinal Koghain, and their territoiy Inis-Eogh.in, 
or Inish Owen, and Tir Eoghain, or Tyrone. 

4 See Register of Primate Fleming, folio 383, where he is styled " Rex Hibernicorum Ultonia." 



THE HIS'lORY OF TVXAX PARISH. 2l5 

from his usurpation of the church lands of Clondawyll,i and in 1307 con- 
firmed his surrender of them by a solemn covenant. His great-great-grandson, 
Owen O'Neill, was chief of Tyrone, and died in 1456, leaving six sons.- Of 
Henry, the eldest, we shall have occasion presently to speak. 

Hugh,^ the second son, was founder of a family who occupied the territory 
of the Fews, and took their designation from it. Shane Boy,^ another son, 
established himsilf in the Munter-Birn district of Tyrone, and erected a 
strong castle at Kenard,'^ which was known as "Shane Boy's Castle." He 
was seated here before 1445 ; for in that year Donald MacCasey*^ received 
investiture of the vicarage of Tynan in " the house of Johannes Flavus O'Neill 
at Ceandaird."" This must have occurred at an early period of his life ; for 
we find him, thirty-six years after, spiritedly defending this fortress against a 
formidable attack. The circumstance is thus recorded by the Four Masters 
at A.D. 1480: "An English army came into Tyrone with Con O'Neill. It 
consisted of the King of England's Deputy, the Earl of Kildare, and the 
English of Meath. Shane Boy himself was in the Castle and kept and 
maintained the place in despite of the Army; and the Army returned, 
and Shane Boy afterwards made peace with the O'Neill." 

The O'Neill at this time was his eldest brother Henry, who had been 
inaugurated in 1455,^ and was married to Elinor Fitz-Gerald, daughter of 
Thomas, seventh Earl of Kildare: to which connection was due the support 
which he and his family received from this great .-Xnglo-Norman nobleman. 

Henry O'Neill's eldest son was Con ; and he further strengthened this 
family alliance by marrying his first cousin, Lady Alice, daughter of (ierald, 
the eighth Earl of Kildare. 

In 1481 the war was renewed between Henry and his brother, Shane Boy; 
but, as the principals were now advanced in years, the conduct of it was 
chiefly entrusted to their sons respectively. 

1 Cloiidawyll, a name which occurs freciueiuly in this rm-moir. was .TppHed lo a distiict aloni; the Hlack- 
water on the south-east, evtcrulinj; from the north part of Tynan to Henhiirli. It comprt-hendeil the Tiraniiy 
portion of the parish of K>;lish (which is alw.nys called i l,'n,ia-.vyil in records anterior to the Refornialion), 
and the six townlands of lurry, ho>ar, Piillii.T,t;h, Knockanei>;h. .Xntiai;!!, and Aiinatthaiiaurry, in the north 
extremity of the parish of Tynan. Cluain l).il)liall, " nie.uiow of the l):d)hal." i-. the Irish form of ilie name, 
and is derived from the situation of the distri^ t ;.loni,' the lil.ickwater, which was first c.dled the Dahhal 
(I>awl), and secondly, Ahhainn Mor (Owen Mori, nr "Creat Ki\er." The Dahhal is nicntioned hy the I'our 
.Masters at 356 and 953, as also a Loch Dahhaill in the nei..;hl)ourhood, a.m. ^581. Jocclin, who flourished in 
1 170, in his I. He of St. Patrt'ck, chap. 87, slates thai the church of I louleakle was'luiilt near the hank of a 
river called llahhall. Mie name has somewhat sliitied its position, and appears in the di^jjuised form of the 
Tall river, an inconsiderahle stream which rises cast of /Vniaijli, Hows l)y Richhill. enters the Callan at 
Kairlawn Bridjie, and with it fall into the HIackwater. (-.'lu.un Dahhadl, or Clondawell, as a parochial n.ime, 
is forgotten, and the parish is called Kglish (l-',ccle-ia). hut it is locally preserved in a corrupt form as lii, nan/, 
the name of a gentleman's seat in the townlaud of Muliylou^han, and of that electoral division in .\rmaKh 
Union. 

2 Four Miistfrs, 1456, p. 997. 

3 Four Masters, 1466, p. 1041. 

4 In Irisli, Sean Buidhe, "John the Yellow' ; in Latin, Joannes Flavus. 

.5 In Iri.sh, Cfann Anf, "high head." Another O Neill . astle was called the li.nnhotly (now Henlnirb), 
"the proud pinnacle." 

6 MacCasey was the name of Heienach of Tyn.in i).arish. 

7 Reg., Mey, lib. ii., vol. iih., p. 14S. See Ree\es, Culif(s, p. 15. 

o Known as Henry mac Owen. He was naturalize 1 hv -Vet of I'arliament. Earl of Kildare, i., p. 44. 
See concerning him the Foif Masters, 1459. p. lo-is : 14') f. p. lo..^ ; 1467, p. 1049; 1470, p. 1067. 



2l6 TIIK HISTORY OF TVXAN I'AKISH. 

Two years after, O'Neill abdicated the lordship in favour of his son Con: 
and, having survived his retirement six years, died in 1489. 

Shane Boy of Kenard was now three years dead; and two years afterwards 
Con O'Neill made peace with his children, and liberated his son Niall from 
confinement. But the Kenard family began to be rent by internal dissensions; 
for. in 1500, ''Brian Caech son of Niall son of Shane Boy, was slain by his 
uncle Donnell, aided by the Muinter-Aedha,^ in the doorway of the castle 
of ("eann-ard." This same year, Garret, Earl of Kildare, at the instance of 
Con, his first cousin and brother-in-law, marched into Tyrone, where he was 
joined by O'Donnell at the castle of Shane Boy O'Neill (that is, the castle 
of Ceann-ard), which they besieged till they took it, and afterwards delivered 
it into the custody of Turlogh, son of Con. 

Con O'Neill the chief of his race, had been treacherously killed, in 1493, 
by his brother, Henry Oge, who thereupon endeavoured to assume the lordship 
in despite of the prior claims of his elder brother Donnell. A sanguinary 
battle was fought between the rival brothers at Glasdromaurn, which resulted 
in the defeat of Donnell. '- 

In this action, many of the Tyrone chiefs who were ranged on the side of 
the elder brother fell : and, among others, Edmond, son of Shane Boy 
of Ceannard, and Ferdoragh, son of Ballagh O'hAedha.-^ 

After a four years' struggle, Donnell was forced to withdraw his claims; 
and Henry Oge, in 1497, was declared the O'Neill. But his enjoyment of the 
dignity was only short-lived ; for, in the course of the same year, he was 
assassinated by his nephews, the sons of Con, who revenged their father's 
death by slaying his murderer in the house of Art O'Neill of the Fews, then 
resident at Tuath Eachadha, or Tooaghy; whereupon the chieftaincy reverted 
to Donnell, the rightful possessor. 

Turlogh, son of Con (of whom mention has been already made), was only 
six weeks in possession of the castle of Kenard when he was taken prisoner 
by O'Neill, and despoiled of his creaghts; which outrage gave rise to fresh 
disturbances in Tyrone. 

The sons of Con were now at war with O'Neill ' (that is, Donnell), and 
in 1509 took his castle at Dungannon, while their uncle, the Earl of Kildare, 
was on his way to aid them. That his expedition to the North might be 
signalized by some exploit, he directed his force against the castle of Omagh, 

1 /.<-., ihe Claim of O Hugh. Edmuiul Hoy OHugh. foster brother of Phelim O N'eill, killed Lord 
Caulfeild as he entered the castle of Kiiiard (Archdall's Lodge, iii., p. 141). The hiding-place of Sir Phelim 
O'Neill %%'as revealed by an O'Hugh (Ir. War of 1641. p. 145). " 'Ihat bloody sept of the Hughes" (Capt. Al. 
HoNendon, in Rev. R- Maxwell's IJeposition^), In March, 1766, out of 1,100 families in the parish of Tynan, 
there were 144 familie-. of the name of Hughes. Donnell mac James O'Hugh of Drumgoose was a juror in 
1609, vid. infra. (See page 65, present volume.) 

t J-'our Mast/y.i, i4Qj,p. 1203. 

:i O Hugh. 

4 Four Jl/as/f>i, 1500, p. 1255- 



IHE HISTORY OF TYXAX PARISH. 217 

which a hostile branch of the O'Neill race,^ the descendants of Art, had 
built and fortified; and having succeeded in capturing and dismantling it, 
returned home. 

Donnell O'Neill died in this year; and after two successions in collateral 
lines, Con Bacagh, or Con the Lame, became O'Neill, and acquired possession 
of Kenard in 15 19. Though a kinsman of the Fitzgerald, a rupture took 
place between them; and in 1531 "an army was led by the English Lord 
Justices, the Earl of Kildare, and the chiefs of the English of Ireland into 
Tyrone at the instance of O'Donnell and Art Oge O'Neill, and the descendants 
of Hugh O'Neill, and they burned Tyrone from Dungal to Abhauin-inhor, 
demolished the castle of Port-an-Fhaileagain, and plundered the country of 
Buan-na-mocheirghe : - and Monaghan was left empty to them." 

O'Donnell and Niall set out to join that English army at Kenard, and 
demolished the castle of Kenard ; but O'Neill being near them with a very 
numerous army, they dared not advance fuiiher into Tyrone; so that these 
hosts returned to their several homes, O'Neill not having come to terms of 
peace or armistice with them. 

Port-an-Fhaileagain (pronounced Port-an-elegan), now Portnelligan, was at 
that time a fortified station, and was occupied, as well as Kenard, by O'Neill. 

Con Bacagh was father of "Shane the Proud," first Earl of Tyrone, and 
grandfather of the celebrated Hugh O'Neill, the Earl. His brother Turlogh, 
made governor of Kenard in 1500, was slain in the following year by 
MaCiMahon. Another brother was Art Oge, who was O'Neill from 15 14 till 
his death in 15 19. 

Shane, or John, another brother, is the one with (as regards Tynan) we 
have most to do, as it is in his family that Pooianny and Munter-Birn first 
present themselves to notice as settled estates; and it is principally with a view 
to trace the descent and relations of their possessors, who occupy so prominent 
a place in the subsequent history of Ireland, that the preceding details have 
been introduced in the history of the parish of Tynan. 

1 Tliere was continu.il sirife l)etuffn tlirii lnuiwli and the family of Art O'Neill, who licKl 0,;;hiiia;li 
(OniaKh). '>te Four Masters, 147 ^ |). 1 ''1;; 1471. pp. 1071 ami 10--. Tlie M.TcCathmai's (Mact.'awells) ueie 
ailherciits of the latter. 



( To !>( . I'lin'iuif.!. ) 



THE 



STHWARTS OF BALLINTOY 

\\'ITH NOTICKS OF 

OTHliK I-AMIl.lES 01- TH1-: DISTRICT 



IN THE 
SFAENTEENTH CKNTUKV. 



Hv THK rkv. geor(;e hill. 



COLEKAINK: 
JOHN M'COMBIE. 7, MEETINd-HOrSE-STREET. 



1S65. 

Z\K Stcwarte of Ballinto^. 

f Contitiued from page i6r. ) 

"Out of momimeius, traditions, private recordes, fragments of stories, passages of 
bookes, and the like, we doe save and recover somewhat from the deluge ofUine."- Baron's 
Advaiicffiifiit of [.earning. 

[The extreme scarcily of this p.-nii,hlet -the u liters first worl< -renders a rei.nnt most desir.ible. .\ few 
notes and some corrections have been made under the guidance of the Rev. George Hill, who was able to 
rexise the proofs of a work written by him thirty-five years a.^o.Ein row. | 



|T;^^-^3J1^^^^% N the death of the Rev. 




Dr. Stewart, who was thus 



deprived of his son, the estates were inherited by his 
^ younger brother, .Alexander Stewart. In 1720 the 



G^G^Qv 



*^lH ^ US) JHIm^^'' latter was appointed agent to the .Antrim Estates, 
l)y Lord and Lady ALassereene, the guardians of 
the fifth I'^arl of Antrim din-ing his minority. In 
this capacity Alexander Stewart's management of 
the property gave such satisfaction to his employers 
that his appointment as agent was continued by Lord .Antrim, when the latter 
succeeded to the estates in the year 1734. During several years afterwards 
the most cordial relations existed between the landlord and his agent, until 
Lord Antrim began to feel that his vast estates were being subjected to an 
alarming process of disintegration by his own ruinous extravagance. 

His Lordshi|)'s habits were such as to re(}uire large and frequent additions 
to his anntjal income, and these stuns could only be had by selling off extensive 
portions of his |)roi)erty. These sales, of course, were convenient arrange- 
ments to meet certain diffic:ulties as they arose, but in this way the rental soon 
became sadly curtailed, and Lord Antrim began to think, when too late, that 
his agent might have contrived to keep him afloat at a smaller sacrifice than 



THE STEWARTS OF BALLINTOY. 219 

had been made. At length the Earl's suspicions shaped themselves into a 
distinct charge against Stewart, of conniving at cheap sales of the property to 
serve his own selfish purposes. This quarrel resulted in a rather celebrated 
action at law, which agitated the county of Antrim in various ways, and to no 
trifling extent, during the years 1740 and 1741. It is interesting now, as an 
illustration of the process by which these vast estates were broken up, and also 
because the papers prepared for the trial contain several topographical names 
and statistical facts in connexion with the Antrim property at the time referred 
to. For these reasons we may be permitted to enter into the few following 
details, which have been drawn from original manuscripts never before 
printed : 

I. Captain Rogers held the lands of Ballywindlans, Ballywattick, and 
Coldagh, in the {)arish of Ballymoney, at the yearly rent and fees of ^92 5s. 
On the expiration of the lease, Alex. Stewart, the agent, it was alleged, repre- 
sented to Lord Antrim, that Hugh Boyd, of Ballycastle, who held other lands 
adjoining, on lease also, had purchased the interest of Rogers, and was >villing 
to give a fine of ^500, provided he could get a fee-simple grant of the whole 
lot from Lord Antrim. On the agent's representation that this sum was 
sufficiently large, and because Lord .Antrim was ignorant of the value of land, 
a deed was perfected in 1736, whereby the whole lands held l)y Rogers and 
Boyd were conveyed to Boyd for ever. So soon, however, as this arrangement 
was made, it was alleged that Boyd, according to previous agreement, handed 
over the one-half to Stewart, the latter paying the half of the fine and the half 
of the yearly rent. 

II. Tlie lands of Cosies, Cabragh, Cavanmore. Kilmahamoge, Clogher, 
Lagavar, .Magliernatier, Maghrecastle,' CIcgnagh, and K.nockiiagarvon, together 
with the towns of Broughgamon, liig Park of Ballintoy (.Mtmore, reserved in 
the original grant of 1624), Lemneaghbeg, Lemneaghniore, and Creganewev, 
in the Baronies of Dunluce and Carey, were lieUl by .\lexander Stewart, and 
the Rev. Dr. Stewart, his brother, except the five last, held by Alex, .\ndrews, 
at the yearly rent o\' ^.gi. On the expiration of the lease, the agent offered 
Lord Antrim ^{"500 of a i\nc on t)ehalf of his sister, Jane Stewart, fi)r a fee- 
simple deed of all these lands at the former rent. On liis recommendation, 
the deed was perfected in February, i7,^''i. Lord .\ntrim alleged that Alex- 
ander and Jane Stewart had arranged ])reviously that she was to hequeatli this 
property at her death to liim or his hiirs, and that the lands she thus obtained 
for ^91 yearly rent were fidly worlli ^"500 by the year. 

1 M.ijjlier.ic.Tvlujl, "tbo fu-ld or pl.iin of the c.ishcl. or it.me fori, ' ."ilrr.itly mentioncil .1.- ihc original 
ri.--iiieiii;c ot" the A',',/ Chifjuiins, . .r Kt-i Is, who ouii>ii -.hx- Ii rritoiy | rior to the ;irri\.vl of the Stcw.Trts; .in.i, 
indeed, long iirior to th.U of the \l .'i.,doniielU. i.r M.u ii\ii!hiis, I he Keids, or red-h.iir.d .hieftaiiis, were the 
desctiidaiits ofagre.u D.uush faiiiiiy who cmimied to rr--idf in tliis lo,:.Tlity lorii; after the numerous nther 
I ).inish settlemei-.ts oil this ( oa^t had ln-eii iiro.eii up .iiid dis|H-sed. The site of their stone fjrt or fortress 
hire was enclosed by two parapets, also o- stone, .ind iiiidern.-.itli weic very extensive and well constructed 
cues. It is believed that in more iiiidern times a castle u.i, ererted on th- site 01 lhe.Tii;inal fortress, and 
occupied during niaiiv yeneatioiis l,v the R.ids .,r ( )' \l.ieUier.;s Several modern bouseh.)ld utensils, such .ii 
lank.inU a.d plated lire-ir 'lis, w. re founil therein .it the lime of the I'mal dem.jlition of the castle, and many 
houses in the surround in;.; .lisii i, 1 \^ ere .duMsi e.\> lusi\-ely 'uiiU iVom the si.jiu-s of the old ruin. 



2 20 'HK STKWARTS Ol HALl.IXTOV. 

III. When the lease of Glenaiiffe, Ballynaries, Ballyloughbeg, Castlecat, 
Magherintemple, and (laryvindune expired, the agent proposed to take these 
lands for ^()S yearly rent, and informed Lord Antrim that no more could be 
obtained for then;. 'i"he latter, on this rt'presentation, gave the agent a deed 
of them, forever, at the above rent, although they were worth ^230 yearly, 
exclusive of a wood, the timber in which was worth ^600. 

IV. Lord Antrim further alleged that the lands of Hun-na-margie, 
Brughanlea, the five Irish acres of Ffaranmacartor Mountnin, the five 
Irish acres Achraveclie, the Freestone ()uarry, the forty Irish acres of 
Drumnagola, Dunnamalaght, and the two Quarters of Carnside and Bally- 
linney, were handed over to Hugh Boyd, in perpetuity, for the yearly rent 
of jQi^T, whereas the fair and proper rent for this property was at least 
^800 per annum. 

To these grave charges Stewart replied that his conduct in the agency had 
always secured the approval of Lord and Lady Massereene, by whom he had 
been originally appomted during Lord Antrim's minority, and that the latter, 
on coming of age, had continued the appointment, from a knowledge of his 
character, and a conviction that he had conscientiously discharged the duties 
of his office. .So soon as Lord Antrim entered on the possession of his estates, 
his Lordship ordered a survey to be made of his entire property, to enable him 
to issue the necessary directions for its management and improvement. The 
most experienced persons were employed to make this survey, and they were 
required to distinguish carefully the arable land from the pasture, bog, and 
mountain, in every instance, showing the valuation of each, the quantity of 
land in every lease on the estate, witli the rent and tenant's name attached, 
and the present value (if each farm, supposing the tenant's interest therein 
expired. Lord Antrim was thus quite competent of himself to form a correct 
o[)inion on any case of proposal for the sale or letting of his lands, Stewart 
had copies of this survey made out and sent to the landlord, together with 
books containing tenants' names, the number of acres in each holding, with 
the amount of rent, in every case. Lord Antrim was regularly in the habit of 
(consulting these documents before committing himself to any arrangements 
with tenants or others. In addition to these precautions. Lord Antrim's stej)- 
fathtr, Robert Hawkins Magill, employed valuators on the estate, whose 
returns and valuations were carefully compared with the surveyors' reports, with 
rent rolls, and with former valuations. The work of comparing lasted several 
days, and was performed at Stewart's office, Ballylough, by Lord Antrim, 
Magill, and Stewart. In his defence, Stewart also entered minutely into each 
of the several cases specified bv Lord Antrim, indignantly denying the 
existence of collusion with any j)arly or parties to benefit themselves at his 
Lordship's expense. On the cotitrary, during Lord .'\ntrim"s minority, he 
(Stewart) had increased the rent roll by ;^Soo a year, in consequence of the 



TtiE STEWARTS OF BALLINTOY. 221 

discovery of forged leases in Glenariffe.i As to the lands of Glenariffe, 
Ballynaries, Ballyloughbeg, Castlecat, Magherintemple, and Garryvindune, in 
the Baronies of Dunluce, Carey, and Glenarm, he had held them as tenant- 
at-will since 1737; and being encouraged by Saml. Waring, Lord Antrim's 
attorney, to make an offer for them, he proposed ^400 besides the rent, which 
was accepted. The wood in (Glenarm consisted of ash, alder, hazel, and sally, 
but he denied that it was worth more than ^60. In concluding his state- 
ment, Stewart asserted that in December, 1740, or January, 1741, Lord 
Antrim had ordered his servants to seize and carry off an iron chest from 
Hallylough House, which contained almost all the papers relating to the 
management of the estate. These documents were taken to Lord Antrim's 
house at Ballymagarry, without Stewart's knowledge, his Lordship having 
induced Wm. Harrison (who had been a clerk in Stewart's office for thirteen 
years), suddenly to leave his services, and give up the keys with which he had 
been entrusted. Lord Antrim had also prevailed on John Cuppage, who 
received rents for Stewart, as his assistant, when unwell, to surrender the keys 
of the iron chest, so that Stewart had been thus deprived of access to papers 
which would have enabled him to specify names, date.s, and accounts with 
greater precision. 

His statements, however, were amply borne out by the testimony of Hugh 
Boyd, of Ballycastle, at least so far as related to Boyd himself The latter 
declared that he and Stewart were not, by any means, disposed to accom- 
modate each other, but were urged to become joint purchasers of the lands in 
the neighbourhood of Ballymoney by Lord Antrim himself 1- As to the lands 
near Fairhead, he was induced to take them, not from any profits arising from 

1 It would appear that, at the period referred lo, thero had cxi^tcii not only tuiincr. .us fori;cd leases, hut 
also considerable portions of concealed land on the estate. We ha\e before us a statement drawn up by some 
person who does not sign his name, hut who evidently acted in the ca|)aciiy of a baililT, about the year 1740, 
which reveals a few facts illustrative of the loose style of doiiif; business in those days. .^> this paper preserxes 
many names of persons and pl.'ices in the distri. 1 to wliich it refers, we subjoin it entire : 

" 1 o the l\i-ht hunoural)le Lord of .Antri n. 

" I make bold with your lordship yt I liave !ound out the peice of L;round wch was concealed from yoin 
lordship in the I'arrony of Kerry [Carey 1 and parish of Ardmy (.Xrinov |. I hise yt li\ei upon tlie sd ground aie 
James Gordon, Thomas Kainsy, [whn Ramsy, 'J'hey pay the rent to one James Clark weh lives in the sd 
parish of .Vrdmy." 

Next follows what the writer terms ".An .Account of the I'lwfit Krnis th.it those yt has leases from your 
lordship in the liarrony of (llenarni, as near a^ I could find it out by ih.ir own wanents. Mr. \Vm. M'.\ew 
of Killowter worth two hiuidred an<l sixty pouml per annum ne\er mention Duties, Mr. William lilear of 
KiUglew worth forty poun<l per aniuiin ni\<r meniion duties, Mr. heniy .^haw is worth a hundred and forty 
poun<l p-r amiim, ne\er mention duties, John Stew. ot worth nine jiound per year, -Arthur Stringer's Widow 
worth nine ])Ound i)er annuni, Mr. I)ille ton hamilton h.is lifty pound per ye, ir never mention Duties, James 
metiall {probably M.irsh.-dl] worth fnir ])oinid per ami : \\'illiam Kcison wortli ten poinid per ann., William 
.Michaell worth thirty pound ])er ann.. .--.iiirlers l-^.iton woiili fifty pound per ye.ir, J.hn Magill ten pound per 
year, Patrick Magill worth ten pound i>cr .-uHi , kobeit Malhius worth 60 per an., .Mr. Rowleii liork worth 
lou pound per an.. Thomas liork worth iS per an.. Jaim-s .Sfw.irt uorth jo per an., .Mrs. harper worth 40 per 
an,, Sanders I )onillson's lease worth loojieran., Mi, M'lulm worth 4,)pir.ui., madam Donillson worth 100 a 
ye.ir, Mr. |ohn Donillson worth 250 per ye.ir, .Mr. Coll .M'l'onill worth 50 poiuul per year, .Mr. .Alex. Stewart 
worth .)4 p und pri y.;.ir, Mr. Alex. M'Donell wortii foiiv pound pei year. .\l r. Neice M'Donell worth forty 
Ijound per year, 1 )anl. M'Kay\\orth ten poinid ji'i y .u , li. oik M 'K. illy worth thirty pound per year. John 
M'Kay worth ten pound |ier year, Denis Si'.Ma uorili -cmii [lonnd per ye.ii , one Mr. thompson a presbuteiian 
minister in the mulls I cannot lind out how much he pa>--. 

' In l.-iirn |I,.unel I could not fin.l out the piolit leases but men yt li\es there tells me yt your lorilsliip 
has not the tenth pemiy out of it. 

" I be old twon of le.irn |town of I,.ii iir] is iiiorg.i.;ed for four hniidreil | ound with several tenements and 
p.irk^ belonging to it, with a corn mili and cl^.tbiers mill.il p.i\ now a hundred a ye.ir as I .im Informccl, 
several otlur lease., set to f.u niers ucli laboiiis ih. giouiid iheiiiseU i ., in the same Harrony of ( lleuarin." 

'1 Hugh Boyd, wiio died in 17^^, beiicealliril .1 \ e.irly fee farm rent ol ,^41. payable out of the l.mds of 
Coldaghs, Hallyw indlaiis, and I'.allyw.it lick, in the p.uisli of ILiilymoney, to hi- grand-daughter, .M.iry Cuppage, 
wife of the Rev. .Alex. Cuppage, duiiiig her life, and liom her death, to her son, Hugh Cuppage, and his heirs. 



222 IHK SI KWARTS OF DAl.l.IMON. 

them on the terms granted by Lord Antrim, but because the works at the 
colliery and at the harbour of Ballycastle could not be conveniently carried on 
witliout them. Boyd denied that these lands were worth ^800 a year rent, 
as stated by Lord Antrim, and declared that they were let for the sum of 
^240 yearly, subject to the chief rent of ^147. The lands were held by 
fifty-two tenants, all poor, with cottiers holding under them. Boyd denied 
all combination with Stewart, and dwelt very pointedly on the fact that Lord 
Antrim and his step-father, Magill, had their own valuations and surveys to 
guide them in all their proceedings as to the sale and letting of property on 
the Estate. 

Stewart's sister, Jane, denied also that she had any underhand agree- 
ment with her brother respecting a renewal of old leases, or that she had ever, 
at his suggestion, proposed to pay a fine for the purpose of obtaining such 
renewal at the old rent. Her account of the transaction was simply this : 
Her eldest brother. Dr. Archibald Stewart, had made arrangements with 
Lord Antrim, or with his attorney, Samuel Waring, to have a fee-farm grant 
of these lands, for which he gave certain other valuable considerations over 
and above those expressed in the deed. Some of the lands had been 
previously leased to Dr. Stewart, but the old lease would not have expired 
until the year 1751. The following were thus circumstanced, viz. : 'llie 
quarterlands of Cosies and Cavanmore, the half quarterland of Cabragh, in 
the Barony of Dunluce, also the quarterlands of Cloughcor, Kilmahamog, 
Lagavar, and Maghernagher, together with the 25 acres of Magherabuoy, in 
the Barony of Carey. The leases of Clegneagh and Knock-na-(iarvon, held 
by Alexander Andrews, would not have expired until the same year, 1751, 
whilst the leases of Maghrecastle, Broughgemmon, and Altmore, or Big Park, 
held by the same gentleman, were not to end until 1747. The lease of the 
cjuarterland of Craiganewey, held by a Shaw, would not have expired until the 
same date, 1747. All the above lands, however, were included in a fee-farm 
grant which was to be given to Dr. Archibald Stewart, in lieu of certain con- 
siderations not specified, but which were regarded as perfectly satisfactory by 
Lord Antrim, and by his law agent, Waring. Archibald Stewart, however, 
was bound by his father's will to pay^ 1,000 to his sister Jane on her marriage, 
and an annuity of ^50 as the interest, for her support, so long as he held the 
principal. His own estate being in debt, and encumbered with family settle- 
ments, he was anxious to secure his sister Jane's money by some such 
additional purchases as he had now made from Lord Antrim, which would 
not Ije liable for his debts. He, therefore, offered to assign to her the deed 
ot the lands above-mentioned, supposed to be worth something above ^60 
yearly, as an equivalent for her ^1,000. Listead of the assignment con- 
templated, her advisers considered that she would be safer to have the lands 
granted to herself. Her brother. Dr. Archd. Stewart, applied, therefore, to 



THE STEWARTS OF l!ALI.I^;TOV. 223 

Lord Antrim for his consent to this arrangement, and his Lordship's consent 
was readily obtained. Jane Stewart farther declared that she had never given 
any title of these lands to her brother Alexander or his children after her 
death. She was absolute owner of them. The fee simple was purchased from 
Lord Antrim at its full marketable value, as the lands after considerable 
improvements, were let by her for about ^80 a year. 

Alex. Stewart died in the following year, 1742, after defending himself 
successfully at law against all the accusations of Lord Antrim. At the death 
of his sister, Jane Stewart, her landed property was inherited by his son, 
Alexander, and the Ballintoy Estate, when thus augmented, contained 3.505 
acres, Cunningham measure, including ihc townlands of Ballintoy, Brough- 
gammon, Clegnagh, Craiganee, (ilenstaghy, Kilmahamog, Knocknagarvon, 
Lagavar, Limeneagh, Magheranaher, Magherahuoy, Magheracashel, and 
White Park. 

Jane Stewart bequeathed the sum of ^15 annually, to pay a schoolmaster 
on her little estate, leaving the choice of this functionary to the parishioners 
assembled at the Easter Vestry, " from which circumstance," says the late 
Rev. Robert Trail, Rector of Ballintox', "it has become the most useless of 
all the .Schools. The only qualification necessary on these occasions for the 
candidate to possess is the capability of drinking whiskey, and sharing it with 
the electors ; and whoever entertains best, and drinks deej^est, is sure of 
gaining his election. I have made many attempts to redress this serious 
grievance, but having been uniformly unsuccessful, I have now (1814) ceased 
to make any farther efforts." 

During the period of Alexander .Stewart's agency the lands on the Antrim 
Estate were let on very moderate terms, even making allowance for the 
difference in the value of money then and now. The entire yearly rent of the 
whole l^aronv of Dunluce, L'pper and Lower, amounted only to the sum of 
^i,6S6 5s. 8d. The entire )early rent derived from the Barony of Kilconway 
was ^1,174 7s. 4d. The entire yearly rent of the Barony of Cnrey was 
;^924 19s. 6d. 'i'he entire yearly rent of the Island of Ralhlin was ^^109 7s od. 
The entire yearly rent from the Liberties of Coleraine was ^,408 9s. 81. 'i'he 
entire yearly rent drawn from the town and town parks of Ballymoney was 
^,3(;9 ()s. 8cl. 'i'he entire yearly rent of the town and demesne of Ballycastle 
was X23 19s. 7(1. Our readers, in these various localities, will be able lo 
form an idea of ihv coiniiaralive vahie oi housrs and lands Irom the above 
figures, at the present time. 

f 'lo !', , oiilniu.d. ) 



tTbe Jfranciecan Ubbc^ of BoncGal. 

BV WILLIAM J. FENNELL, m.k.i.a.i. 




PA0(o by R. Welch. 
THE FRANCISCAN ABBBY OF DONEGAL FROM THE EAST. 




^^v?SSr^ 



might possibly be par- 
doned for indulging 
in the thought that an 
abbey, whose name must 
for all time be linked with 
the memory of the Four 
Masters, would be preserved by reverent hands 
from the ruin and decay, the miserable neglect, 
and the uncared for state that a pilgrimage to Donegal reveals. These ruins 
are beautiful in death, and the vanishing away almost of the last remains 
made us sad as we viewed them and considered how a little energy and 
timely thought would have preserved them. 

Last year, the east gable of the church stood clearly out against the sky, 
containing the jambs and arch intact ; the tracery had long since gone. This 
frame enclosed a picture of exquisite beauty, that seemed to speak of the 
peace which the monks sought for in their earthly home, and found not. 

This arch was allowed to fall in during this present year without an effort 
to save it, and, so far as we could hear, without a word of regret from those 
who might have protected it. There is but little left now : two centuries have 
nearly finished the work commenced by war and fire, and that little is hard to 



THE FRANCISCAN ABBEY OF DONEGAL. 



225 



trace through the upheaval of earth, countless graves, the growth of weeds, 
and the general confusion ; and this must be our apology for producing so 
poor a record of so famous a place. 

To sink into oblivion seems to be the fate of many an old Irish sanctuary, 
and we have seen some gradually crumbling and disappearing for ever, when 
a very slight effort would have saved them. In the present case, it appears 
strange to us that the well-directed and vigorous steps to preserve the venerable 
castle of Donegal, only half-a-mile distant, should not have inspired a similar 
desire on behalf of the still older abbey^ a structure hallowed by many sacred 
memories. 

We still venture to hope that there is yet some preserving influence awaken- 
ing for these neglected stones, and that they may, like the castle, have an old age 
"splendid even in decay," tended and cared for by reverent hands conscious 
of the worth and power of such possessions for teaching, inspiring, and 
elevating all who care to turn from a busy world tor a moment to receive 
impressions from such voices from the past. This hope gave us some pleasure 
as we went to work to survey all we could of the abbey ; and if the local 
authorities cannot see their way in the matter, we trust they will move the 
Board of Works and place it under their care. 

Every car filled with tourists stops at the graveyard entrance to allow 
visitors to inspect the abbey. Numbers carry away photographic souvenirs of 




M, 



226 



THE FRANCISCAN ABBEY OF DONEGAI,. 



it, and many write about it, and touch on the sad story of those who clung 
around its walls to write the wondrous tomes that compose The Annais of the 
Four Masters ; yet the enterprising citizens of Donegal are quietly allowing 
this most historic and attractive place to fade away as a phantom in the mist. 
It is, as we have said, difficult to make anything like a perfect ground plan 
of the monastery, which hugged the bank of the river Eask. The cloister garth 
and some of the more domestic buildings are built on the north and west 
sides of the church. 

The church was duly oriented and lighted from the east end and south 
side. The east window was tall, well proportioned, and filled in with tracery, 
the two top stones of which are now thrown into the piscina, which is on the 

gospel side of the east wall, and 
it too is also half destroyed. The 
sill of this window " has been 
" removed " ; and since the fall 
of the arch, the ope forms a con- 
venient passage for people to 
walk through a more convenient 
and easy mode of entrance than 
going round to the old door of 
the cloister or the prior's door, 
that leads to the sanctuary. Fol- 
lowing the usual Franciscan rule, 
the church appears to have been 
long and narrow over 130 feet 
by 22 feet 4 inches with a long 
transept of about the same width 
on the south side. No trace 
remains to indicate the existence 
of the usual graceful tower which 
generally rose from the centre of 
these churches, dividing the nave from the chancel. The north wall of the 
church is broken at about 45 feet from the east end, leaving a gap of 37 
feet, the width of the gartli ; and against the wall that ^ once filled this 
gap was the south cloister, covered with a lean-to roof abutting on the church 
wall. At the point where the break commences in the north wall the east 
cloister starts at right angles to the church with a walk 7 feet 6 inches wide. 
This walk was covered by a range of buildings extending northwards and 
eastwards, lineable with the chancel gable. These must have comprised the 
slype, sacristy, chapter-house, and scriptorium; for it is stated that this 
monastery contained a fine library. The cloister continued its walk on the 
north and west sides, and completed the rectangle. At the broken point of 




Dop(a^aI 




E.l'VS[T5Iop' 





>ca.\<i 1 n li ' 1 1 1 1 il 



^]p]cL\p' 



^yr- 



_(..?^T3' 



228 



THE FRANCISCAN ABBEY OF DONEGAL. 




^0, 



THt Ir.10R^5 i:)OOf\- 



the church wall (just referred to), the latter is thickened to contain a staircase, 
which, starting from the south-east corner of the cloister, leads to the 
dormitories, etc., over the east range of buildings, and from the slype was 
the prior's door, which still remains. It is reasonable to conjecture that the 
church had an additional entrance for the brethren from the south cloister; 

but all other evidences of doors to 
the church are completely lost. At 
the south-west angle of the cloister 
the church wall again thickens, and 
holds a pair of chambers, one over 
the other, which may have been 
stores. These are sometimes re- 
ferred to as the " murder holes " 
a meaningless expression. Another 
fancy is the existence of a subter- 
ranean passage connecting the abbey 
with the castle; but this mysterious 
means of communication has been 
suggested of so many abbeys, that, 
never having found such a passage, 
we are not inclined to believe in its existence. The wall of the cloister on the 
extreme north also shows evidence of a two-story range of buildings, but it is 
purely conjectural as to what filled up the ground on the west side of the walk. 
We have at least a door from it, and close beside it a porch of peculiar plan, 
containing the commencement of two staircases, and a door, placed on the 
angle, leading down to some domestic buildings, and adjoining it is the old 
open sewer, still in working order, discharging under a modern walk into 
the Eask. 

The details of the architectural work are nearly all gone ; the cloister 
arcading is the only piece of any importance left. There is a series 
of well-shaped and double-chamfered pointed arches, springing off semi- 
octagonal doubly-worked piers, whose section is carried round the arch, and 
whose caps and bases are skilfully moulded. Larger arches seem to have 
spanned the junction of the cloisters, of double orders, the inner one springing 
off well worked corbels, and the cloisters are wide and well proportioned. 
Such are now the dim outlines of the fast disappearing walls, beside which, in 
1632, Michael O'Clery and his companion workers built their temporary huts, 
in which they lived till August, 1636, while they compiled the " Annals" ; and 
one can almost picture these venerable fathers working in the old falling 
cloisters for four years, and the melancholy scene of their departure from it 
and one another in the autumn evening when all their work was done. 

We have refrained in this article from touching on the history of the abbey, 



THE FRANCISCAN ABBEY OF DONEGAL. 2 29 

or referring to the pathetic story of the brethren writing their great work 
beside it. The tale is one that has been told many times, and is fresh in the 
minds of those who love our history : but the lamentable condition of things 
as they now exist may be unknown to many. 

An entrance, dignified and impressive ; a memorial to the Four Masters, 
characteristically Irish, like Monasterboice ; a cemetery in perfect order, with 
well laid out walks, like streets in the city of the dead instead of shapeless 
confusion ; the walk like an arc of a circle which bounds the abbey on the 
river side in good condition, as it may have been when the monks from it 
viewed scenery of unsurpassed harmony ; and, above all, the silent, stately 
walls, repaired and strong again, standing like sentinels over the sleeping 
thousands, may be the extravagant fancy we spoke of, but it is none the less a 
thing that might be. 




Brmorial Sculptureb Stonee of tbe County Hntrinu 

By FRANCIS JOSEPH lUCClKR and HERBERT HUCIHES. 

( Continued front fas;e 172.) 



Cnrucastlc parisb GburcF)i>ar^ 

BAILIE. 




1 > e t h 

-dy of 

IJailic 
1770 
Also 

17"' 



liROWX. 




y Bodies of 
Who Died Ap 
Ai;cd 76 years 
\i/ lames Ro- 
of IVllehkakat 
I'lli/ahelli Wallare 

who Died No\ 14'' 1771 AL;ed 7S 

years. also their S.uis l>a\id who di- 

-ed in -Vul;'. 1701 A^ed ()5 \eais & .\aron 
who died 4"' Au^;. 1705 ai;ed So years 



232 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 



BROWN. 




his 
Jan 
& 
who 

65 

Brown 

1801 



Ehz"' Robinson 

May 1787 aged 

years also his son John 

who died 13"' Febry 

aged 52 years 



CALDWELL. 




10''' Mar. 1781 

An honest 

& works 

resurrection 
of death 

everlasting 
wife 
died Dec 

78 years. 



Margaret 

27 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 



233 



CALLWELL. 




ERECTED 
BY CAMPBELL WILLSON 
TO THE MEMORY OF THOMAS CALLWELL 
OF BALLYMULLOCK WHO DEPARTED 

THIS LH^E THE 25TH FEBRUARY 181 1 
AGED 78 YEARS. 

Also the said CAMPBELL WILSON 

who departed this Life on the i*-' December 
1846 aged 74 years 



CALLWELL. 




ERECTED 
BY CAMPBELL WH.LSON 
TO THE MEMORY OF WILLIAM CALLWELL 
OF BALLYMULLOCK WHO DEPARTED 

THIS LIFE THE 13":" NOVEMBER 181S 
AGED 87 \EARS. 



234 



ARMORIAL SCULl'TURED STONES OK THE COUNTY ANlRIM. 



CAMPBELL. 







James Willson jun died 

the 9"' May 1S12 aged 43 

years 



CRAWFORD. 




this Hfe 

of March 1806 ai;ed 

wife to SAMUKL CRAWFORD of 

BALLYGILBERT wlio Also died 

on tlie 29"' Jan 1812 aged 66 



CRAWFORD. 




Cravvli.rd of Ball ygilherl. 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OK THE COUNTY ANTRIM 



235 





DALE. 






Here ly 


ffM 


cth 


THE 


b d y s 


of 


2 Dau 


g h t e 




of 


James 


D a 1 




this 


par- 


- i s h 


is broken. 


M a 


r 1 h a 


w h 







aged 4 


y e a 


]MA[ 


diec 


ll2liV 


1773 at;e<l 


12 V[ ]: 






Our loving parents dear 






For us do not lament 






Trust in Christs holy promise 




And therewith be content 






Mourn for your sins 






^'our selves prepare 






Th 


at we in Gods Kingiium 




Of 


his ]-)ure bounty share. 







l'ortit)ns of the arms and inscription on the above stone are worn away. 

DALE. 




vv n o 



4I" .\Lar 


l7(jS 


aged 


20 


years 


son to 


Will- 


Dale 


.V 


Martha 


Caldwell 


,,f 


Ballyrilher 







.\lso 
who 
aged 

jam; 

,sai,l I 

1- ebi uar\ 



While sickness sore upon 

his vitals pre\'<i 
His strengili exhosled 

and his hame decay d 
Vet slill rilK Lord dispos'd 

his pea<elul Min<l 
To bear wilh patience 

and ti lie roign'd 

his brother John 

,lied March ,^l'' iSlO 

j4 N e.ir> And likewise 

ALi;\.\Ni)i;K Wife c.f 

OllX DAl.b uliM ^ht:i\ t)th 

i.'soy . '^gctl i>7 \ ears 



236 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 



FARIES. 




abovementioned 
14th Aug 

73 years 



FARIES. 




who died 25 July 
1769 aged 40 y'^ 



died 24 Uc'^ 1748 
aged 49 years 



Who was a lover of virtue & a hal 

er of vice who bore atlliclioii with 

remarkable patience in o])i)ositiiin 

to all the tryals (S: troubles 

he met witli in mortal life 

Also the Body of Agnefs 

Farics Wife to Francis Lee 

(1 
late of Cilenno who Dejiarte 

this life the 29"' Dec 

(i s 

ibo6 ag 76 yr 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 

FARIES. 



237 




Faries & 



June 1773 aged 60 years 

her grand son William 

who died Feb 10"' 1774 

The above arms are those of Brown 



-eth 


the 


A g 


n e s 


who 


was 


to William 


died 


ig'."? 




Also 




Brown 





GETTY. 






(^ ^ 




H e 


^l\lW\Ul\\^_f^ 


r e 


1 y e 
t h e 

f 

N a th 


m 


I 


t h 
body 


an ie 1 


Getty 


who 


died 16"' 


April 


1786 


aged 68 


(>ic. 


The above arms are worn 


away 


at the left side 



LINN. 




Here Lycth y Hodies of 

Matthew Linn Who Died 

Oct y iS 1742 Aged ()1 

N'cars also his Son David 



238 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 



LORIMER. 



Here Ly- 
of Helen 
Died July 
Aged 37 




-eth y Body 
Boll Who 

c 

y 27'.'> 1748 
years who 



Was Wife ""'"*^\ >* *i>-*Ni*/' /////:',, \ ^q Patrick 
Lorimer ; also James Lorimer Who Died 1700 
& Janet Boll his wife Died 1728 all of Droch 
also the above named Patrick Lorimer 
Who Died 21^^' Feb 1776 Aged 84 years 



LORIMER. 




LOUGH. 

f *^ 





Here lyeth the body of 

Martha , Daughter to 

Joseph Lough who died 

the 28"' Oct": 1794 

aged 3 years 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 



239 



LUSK. 




Here 




lyeth 


the 


Body 




of Grizel 


W 


hite 




wife to 


John 


Lusk 




who 


died 


April 




21 1764 


ig 


ed 


68 


years 





LUSK. 




their (jrand.--on 

;in Iiihml Also 

wiU' to Kiihcrt 

(icp.utt'd this life 

.h?iiai\' I ''^-3 Aged 



240 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 



LUSK. 




o r y 

daugh 
Janet Brown Lusk 

was born the 29 oct 

and died the 7"^ 

Aug' 1812 



MAGILL. 




Here lyeth the body 

of Archibald Magill 

who departed this Hfe 

the 9"' Sepf 1790 aged 
89 years 

McKEE. 




ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 



241 



H e 


r e 


THE 


bo 


An 


n e 


son 


w 


a r t 


ed 


fe 


27 


ars 





MOORE. 

^i n 




Feb 1 793 aged 

wife to John 

who also 

DEPARTED THIS LIFE 

the 10"' of January 1810 

aged 85 years 



MOORE. 



Here h- 
body of 
-eel who 
-il the 2'^ 
aged 61 
wife 




mW'M 



William 



-eth 


the 


Alles 


St- 


died 


Apr 


I 8 


08 


y c a 


r s 


M 


)ore 



MURPHY. 



H e r e 

iHK body 
M ur p h ) 
.\ug 26"' 
50 \cais 
his chiklrci 














Mcxander 



1 y e t h 
I if Thomas 
who tlied 
I 706 aged 
ami 2 of 
Thomas 



242 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 



NEILL. 

Here lyeth the body of 

Robert Neill who died the 

22'' Jan. 1776 aged 69 years 

Also his daughter Jane who 

died the j-.^ 6"' April 



1744 



y e a r^s 




iifflSl 



aged 6 



NIELL.^ 



Here 

t h e 

o f 

S i m p - 

who 

ted 

1791 

to 

their 

& 

Niell 

1804 







this 
aged 
John 



I'ho 



* *- 






jed 



life Aug . 

64 years . 

Niell & 

children 
William's & 

died Feb 

89 years 



lyeth 
body 
Mary 
son 
d epar 

I2"> 

wife 

3 of 

Janet 

John 

25th 



PARR. 



Here 

THE bo- 

J o h n 

who <le 

this 

iSth 

years. 

who 






vv 






lyeth 

-dy of 

Parr 

I ) a r t e d 

life 

aged 35 

Walker 

March 1870 

years 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 



243 



PATERSON. 




-ed 16"' Jan 

aged 65 > v_^ '^oiiMi years 

& his wife Eliz"' Getty who 

died S'P 30"^ 1762 aged 49 years. 

Also their grand son Robert 

Paterson died in July 1768 

And their son John Patterson 

who died Jvdy the 25"' 1804 

aged 66 years 

SHAW. 



ERECT 
Thomas 
Bally ha 
Memory of 
Brothers 
S a m u e 1 



1 
a:. 




ft. 



VIZ. 

and 



ED by 
Shaw of 
ck e t in 
his three 
Robert 
John 



H E R E 
tiTk B0D\' 
W N' L I E 
AUG' 17'" 



SHERRIFF. 
[1 








L ^ E T n 

OF JANET 
WHO DIED 



1779 AGED 

AMES SHER 

15'" 



VIA 



48 \i:ars wife to 

RIFF \; HE ALSO V>\\iV> 

179S AtlED 88 YEARS 

Their DuuL,'hirr M .\ R G A R F T 

died l-'fl)ru;iry z\m\ 1S41 Ai 70 N'cars 



2 44 



ARMORIAL SCULPTURED STONES OF THE COUNTY ANTRIM. 



Here 
Body 
-art She 
Who Di- 



SHERRIFF. 







Lyeth y 
of Rob 
- r r i f f ; 
-ed : Apr: 



y i4'.n o."^\^ vs-.^i#=Si^ /'','i\ 17 5 4- 

Aged 80 years also his Wife 

e 

Agnas Young Died Feb' y 13 

1752 & 4 Children ALSO 

HIS GRAND DAUGHTER AGNAS SHE- 
-RRIFF WHO DIED 3 JUNE 1774 
AGED 23 YEARS 

STEELE. 



Here 'j 




the 



gh Ste 

departed 

8;!? June 

55 years 



The mantling of these arms is worn away. 
STEELE. 



E r 



y o: 

r e t 
w h o 
life 
aged 
htcr 




departed 
the 20"' Aug' 

16 years. 

to W Steele 



c t e d 



M arg 

Steel 
this 
1810 
Daug 



( 7'o be continueJ. ) 




inieter Biblioorapb^ 




By E. R, McC. DIX, Dublin. 
(Continued from page j.J 

ARMAGH. 

S intimated in the first article, I now turn to the 
ancient city of Armagh, and propose to give a hst 



^^ of such items of eighteenth-century printing in it 



as I have found in my general bibliographical 
researches. 

As happened also in the case of Strabane, 
^^X^^sy^^---' i ^ I have met in catalogues titles of works of which 
"^^ I have been as yet unable to trace any existing 

copies. For example, the first two items mentioned in the subjoined list are 
taken from a catalogue of 0'l)aly, who was well known in Dublin, chiefly as 
a second-hand bookseller, having his business house in Anglesea Street, 
Dublin. He was also an author, and one who took a deep interest in all 
things Irish. 

It will be observed at once in this instance that printing, even omitting 
the two uncertain items in the beginning of the list, was established in the 
city of Armagh several years earlier than in Strabane. In some towns the 
first printing introduced was that of a local journal or paper; but whether 
this was so in the case of Armagh I cannot tell. Some Armagh historian who 
knows will, I hope, convey full and accurate information on the i)oint to a 
succeeding issue of this Journal. 

In some instances I have not been able to obtain inforiiuuion of tlie 
printer's name, etc. In such cases, as, for example, in that of the sermon 
printed in 1746, some readers of this Journal living in Deny might, perhaps, 
obtain permission to visit the library of the Magee College, and examine the 
co[)y there, and then supply the missing information. It is desirablL- to know 
who was the earliest Armagh printer. 

It may be as well to point out again that I am following the form 
indicated in the first article : the printer's name is being given in italics, and 
the [)lace where the book is to be found is given at the end of each item in 
curved brackets. 



246 ULSTER BIBLIOGRAPHY. 

This list carries back printing in Armagh to an earher date than that given 
by Cotton in his Typographical Gazetteer, 2nd series (viz., 1757). 

BOOKS AND PAMPHLETS PRINTED IN ARMAGH 
IN THE EIGHTEENTH CENTURY. 

[1740. An Ode on the present War with Spain. Charles Carthy, a.m. 
1740. The 3rd Ode on the III Book of Horace imitated. Same author. 

(Vide O'Daly's Sale Catalogue, No. 45, 1876, p. 13, 
item 270.) ]. 

1746. Sermon on the Rebellion of 1745, Pro. XXXVIII, i. Rev. John 

Maxwell. 

(Magee College, Derry.) 

1749. The Dissenting Gentleman's 3rd and last Letter to the Revd. Mr. 
White, etc. 8vo. William Dickie. 72 pages. 
(Linen Hall Library, Belfast.) 

1764. A Sermon occasioned by the death of the late Reverend John 
Maxwell preached at Armagh, The 25th December, 1763, etc. 
Revd. James Moody. 20 pages. William Dickie. 

( Royal Irish Academy Halliday Pamphlets, 3 1 8/ 1 . ) 

1786. A Letter To the Reverend Doctor CR WL Y, Priest of the Parish 

of A H. Containing Remarks on a Sermon Lately Published 

by him^; etc. By a Parish Clerk. T. Walsh. 36 pages, 8vo. 
(folds in sixes). 

(E. R. McC. Dix.) 

1799. Wexford Cruelties, being a Narrative of his sufferings, etc. C. Jackson. 
8vo. T. Walsh. 

(Trinity College, Dublin; 
National Library Joly Collection.) 

STRABANE. 

Note. I have quite recently acquired Sir Charles Gavan Duffy's copy of 
The Battle of Anghrim, etc., by Robert Ashton, and find it also was printed 
by John Hellew. There is a rude but quaint woodcut on the verse of the leaf 
which precedes the title-page. There are 60 pages in all. The signatures are 
A to E, in sixes. 

I have also learned that another copy of this dramatic work is in possession 
of James Collins of Botanic Road, Drumcondra, Dublin, an ardent and 
experienced Irish bibliographer. 

1 This sermon was probably printed in Armagh : but there is no place of publication given or 
printer's name. 



THE REV. WILLIAM HAMILTON, D.D. 
By Elizabeth Andrews. 

May I draw the attention of the readers of this Journal to the value of a small work published 
in Belfast in 1822, and which has preserved to us the words of an interesting inscription, now 
rapidly becoming illegible. I refer to the i2mo edition of the Letters concerning the iWnthcrn 
Coast of Antrim, by the Rev. William Hamilton, n.D., to which a short but highly interesting 
memoir is prefixed, and a silhouette portrait added. Two copies of the book are in the 
Linenhall Library.^ 

After describing Dr. Hamilton's scholastic, scientific, and clerical career, the memoir 
gives an account of the terrible tragedy, when the vicarage of Sharon, in Donegal, was attacked 
by an armed band, and Mrs. Waller and Dr. Hamilton were murdered. It describes his 
being buried near the cathedral in Derry, and gives the following copy of the inscription on 
the flat tombstone which covers the family grave : 

The Tomb 

of 

John Hamilton 

Of this City, Merchant 
Who died on the 9"' day of August 1780 aged 55 years 

Likewise of his Son 

the 

Rev. W. M. Hamilton, D.D. 

late Rector of Clondevadock 

in the County of Donegall 

formerly Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin 

The Cause of ReHgion 

has to lament one of its ablest Advocates 

Virtue 

One of its best Supporters and 

Learning 

One of its brightest Ornaments. 

He r.vas assassinated at the house of />/. Waller at Sharon 

on the 2'' of March 1797 

where he fell a victim 1.1 the brutal fury cilan armed IJaiulitii 

/;/ the .fo''' Vcir of his A i^e 

His ac(|uirenieiits as a Scholar, equalK sulid and rctined, aie duly appre- 

ciateii in the World of Letters ; whil>l the >acied Remembrance 

ol his virtues is en^lirineii in tlie Hearts of those 

who knew him. 

1 rii<-re were sevcial oihri (?,liuon< of OaU work. I h.T\e .nir, puMi^lu-d in Diililin. in 17S6. duriii- the 
;iiuhoi s lilriime ; .ilso. on- with cnj;ravin.,". (title wauling). |)ul.li->licil .ihoiu 1 700 ; al.so, a l-'rencli oUition, 
published in Paris in ijyo. Ku. 



248 MISCELLANEA. 

About ten years ago I made inquiries in regard to this tombstone, and was surprised to 
find the date engraved was 1798 not 1797. A reference to the Gentleman^ s \faga%ine for 
March, 1797, and to the Belfast News- Letter oi the same date, left no doubt that 1797 was 
correct, and this date must have been on the slab when the inscription was copied for the 
memoir. A more minute inspection showed a crack close to the date, which had doubtless 
become illegible, and had been restored by an uninformed workman. 

This summer I again visited the grave, but now 98 has disappeared like its predecessor, 
and with it a large portion of the inscription. The weathering is going on rapidly, and unless 
something is done to arrest its progress, the original inscription will soon have disappeared, 
and the chief record of it remaining will be the copy in the memoir prefixed to this edition of 
the Letters. 

[It is to be regretted that a brass erected in the cathedral has been engraved with the 
wrong date of 179S. Perhaps some of the relatives or friends will see to the correct re-cutting 
of the tombstone. Eu.] 



CROMWELL WARD. 
By E. J. B. 

I COPIED the following inscription from a slab built into the east wall in the interior of 
Carlisle Cathedral, behind the reredos. It bears no date. 

Near this spot are deposited the remains of 

Cromwell Ward eq'^ 

of the County of Down in the Kingdom of Ireland 

who in consideration of forty years approved services in the army 

was made L' Governor of this garrison 

In him were blended all the amiable qualities of husband father & friend 

he lived a man of true courage and died 

a sincere Christian. 

In respect to the memory of so dear a parent 

this little monument is erected by his surviving children. 



MS. NARRATIVE OE A JOURNEY TO LECALE. 
By J. Buckley. 

The following appeared in the catalogue of a London second-hand bookseller : 
Excessively Curious Manuscript. 

IRELAND. Iter Lkcalensi:, being a narrative of a Journey to Lecale, Ireland, in 
which the writer was accuiiipanied by Cajnains Caiilford, Johnson, and Bodley ; neatly 
written on paper (12 pp.), bound in russia. Ljih, by Mackenzie ; exceeding interesting and in 
Capital condition, 8 guineas. 

Erom the Phillijjps and Weaver Collections : cost the latter 21. 

Curious and most entertaining is the very original and humorous style of the author, who 
tells us how he was called away to fight Tyrone in the woods of ( dencoe, passed subsequently 
through Newry and crossing to the island of Magnes. The writer becomes especially gleeful 
as he recounts his festive recejition at the house of Sir Richard Morrison. His views on the 
question of drunkenness are set forth with much jocularity : '" Et ego pro mea parte semper 
putavi abstemios istos conscios esse sibi niagni allicujus criniinis, qd ebrios se prodituros 
verebantur. Est enim vinum ebrietatis Pater, ebrietas vero mater veritatis. . . ."* 

Can any reader say if this MS. has been published. 



MISCELLANEA. 249 

DOMINICANS AND FRANCISCANS OF BALLVMACMANUS AND ITS 
NEIGHBOURHOOD. By Rev. J. MacKbnna, m.r.i.a. (Pp. 134-141, part 3.) 
By Sir Chari.es S. King, Bt. 

There is admittedly no evidence in support of a theory that the above fraternities ever 
possessed any monastic institution on the above island. The title of the article is misleading, 
and should only apply to the " neiL^hbourhood"; i.e., to tiola. 

The crown rental of 1623, which I quote in a note to p. 43, Hen-ys Upper Lough Erne 
in I7jg (McGee, Dublin, 1S92), names Paul Gore as crown tenant of "Insul. vocat. McManus 
Island." He was, in 1621, created a baronet, and the island constituted one of the family 
seats down to the death of the sixth baronet, the Earl of Ross, in 1802, when it passed under 
his will to his natural daughter, Mary (d., j./. , 1824), first wife of Sir Richard Hardinge, Bart., 
and in 1830 was purchased by the father of the present proprietor. It was named Bellisle, or 
Belleisle, by Sir Ralph Gore, fourth baronet. Speaker of the House of Commons, who died in 
1733, who was a friend of Dean Swifts. 

The Rev. Wm. Henry, k.R.s., thus describes it, in 1739: "The pleasantest of these 
islands (in the broad part of the Upper I^ugh) is Belle Isle, the seat of the late Sir Ralph 
Gore, one of the Lords Justices of Ireland. It contains 200 plantation acres of very good 
land rising on every side from the water in a gentle ascent. On the north side it is united to 
the mainland by a large terrace, that was finished with great labour the Lough l)eing on 
each side of it very deep there were planted along the sides of the terrace rows of trees ; and 
a pallisade was carried along to prevent passengers from falling into the water. On the south 
side of the isle stands the house, which is but a small lodge, chiefiy agreeable for its situation ; 
from the house descends in an hanging level to tlie Lough a jjarterre, enclosed on the east 
and west sides with high walls covered with fruit trees, and having on the extremities on each 
side square turrets, which hang over llie Lough : at the toot of the parterre is a quay, where 
used to ride all kinds of pleasant boats. l-"xactly frontward from the house, the islands 
which are all wooded and gently rising are rangeil so regularly on each hand, that they, with 
the Lake between them, form the appearance of a grand avenue planted in clumps. This 
avenue on the water is continued for three miles, widening regularly as it removes from the 
house, and terminates no less agreeably in the beautiful hill of Knockninny." 

Two of the ' islands" nearest Belleisle, on the north side of this " grand avenue," can 
no longer be so described. They consist of two of the wooded promontories of Corrard 
Inishbeg and Friars" Point Belleisle lying partly between Inishmore (the lireat Island) on 
the west, and Inishbeg (the Little Island) on the cast. In the Down Survey Map of the 
County, 1665, Inishbeg is an island, and the rest of Corrard forms another island ; anil much 
of it and the surrounding country appears submerged. 

In the ma]) of 1609, " MacManus "" and " Inishmore " islands are united tiy a broad neck 
of land, which union no longer exists; and, as in Henrys time, Belleisle is now connected 
on the north side with the mainland by a causeway and also a bridge. 

The date of the foundation of Ciola. (iaula, or Givola .\bbey I tailed to di^-rover, and see 
the Rev. J. F. MacKenna fixes it as in the fourteenth century. 

It is not improbable that Aldfrcd, King of the Northumbrian Saxons, studied there. 

The Rev. I. I-",. MacKenna is incorrect in hi> assertion tliat " lames King did not turn 
up at Gola till 1740," the tad being that his father, John King, lived there betore him as 
owner of (}ola. lauR-^, iieing his eldest s^n, served as High Sheriti lui the (. nuntyin 1728; 
and had presented, the year before, the coniniunion yV.Wv still in use, to DenyvoUan (then 
the) parish church, inscribed with his tamily arms, ciis;, and mott", .uul the inscription, 
" I-'x dono jacobi King dc Gola, arm., Fccle^i.e de I )errwoyl.in. A. D. 17^7." He was 
aii]iointed, in 1749, to the otiice of CK'rk 'A tlu- F^ ! teiture-. lli- second wile, by whom 
he lett issue, was Katherine, daughter of W'llli.im ( l^re, I>.1'., De.mot" Dow n (luude of the 
Farl of Ross), and he died in 1750, 

The Rev. I. F. MacKenna musi be mistaken in his (luntation, " Modernus lundi 
Domus lacobi Kins' .Xrniij'er. " He burijn did not wiite svich a sentence. What he did 



250 NOTES AND QUERIES, REVIEWS OF BOOKS. 

write was, " Modernus Fundi Dominus est Jacobus King; Armiger," a plain statement 
of fact. 

From the death, about 1794, of Captain James Kinp;, the eldest son and successor of the 
preceding James King, the old abbey, with part of its lands, was let as a farm, and gradually 
fell into decay, until not a trace of its former importance now remains. A new county road 
also cut off a large portion of the abbey grounds and avenue from its site. The only remains 
of the abbey that may be left are in the farm-house kitchen. When the Phillipps MS. 
History of Fermanagh was compiled, 1718-1719, it is mentioned that " Mr. John King 
remains in y'= handsome seate of (jola in this county." 

" .Adjoining Lough Frne a monastery for Dominican P'riars was founded and dedicated to 
(the nativity of) the Blessed Virgin, by MacManus, lord of the place, of which there are still 
some remains, also traces of the village of Gola, in which it was situated." Lewis's Topog. 
Diet. Ireland, iSj7, s.v. " Derrybrusk Parish." 

I sold the abbey farm, under Lord Ashbourne's Act, to the then tenant, the late 
Robert Wilson, who died 1890, at a very advanced age ; and his daughters now possess it. 



Botes anb (Sluedes- 

This column is open to readers desirous of obtaining or imparting information on questions of 
interest and obscure points of historical lore relating to the district. 



(Slueries. 

O'Neill Family Saints. Can any of your readers kindly inform me where I can 
find the names and history of the saints born of the O'Neill blood? I know of S. Bridget, 
S. (iall, S. Mura, but are there others ? Tyrone. 

The Friends at Moyallen. Information wanted concerning the first settlement of 
Friends at Moyallen, County Down, in addition to the information afforded by Lewis's 
Topographical Dictionary and Six Generations. 

Rev. E. A. Myles, Tullylish Rectory, Co. Down. 



IReviews of Books. 

Publications having any bearing upon local matters, or upon Irish or general Antiquarian 

subjects, will be revietved in this colutnn. 

Books or Articles for Review to be sent to the lull tor. 



7 he Genealogical Magazitie. Elliott, Stork & Co. Price l/- monthly. 

The August part of this high-class magazine contains a well-written article on " Irish Wills," 
by W. P. W. Phillimorc, who is an authority on such matters. Lists of the different dioceses 
are given, and the dales from which the records commence. 

.-fC ^ ..jC ?t> 

Blackwood' s Magazine for August, 1900, contains an article by Wm. J. Hardy, entitled, 
" A Glimpse of Erin Sorley Hoye's Town." It is almost superfluous to state that this refers 
to Ballycaslle, Co. Antrim, and no belter sketch of the same historic spot has yet appeared. 
We hcaiiily congratulate the writer on his knowledge of MacDonnell history, and his happy 
mode of wreathing his facts around the landscape, revivifying the one and doubly enhancing 
the other. 



REVIEWS OF BOOKS. 25 1 

The All Ireland Review well maintains its reputation as a unique magazine. Its articles 
have a glamour about them that we find in no other paper issued in Ireland. The historical 
articles read like romance, and the romance like history. The present series of articles on 
the Spaniards in Ireland are vividly written, full of detail and local colour, making the 
Elizabethan era pass before our eyes like a panorama. The poems given from time to time 
are by no means the least readable portion of the paper, as is often the case. One in 
particular, the work of a young Northern poet, Joseph M. Campbell, is especially pleasing. 
It is entitled " The Fairies of Slieve an Aura,"' one of our own glens of Antrim mountains. 

Red-tore has a fiddle, 

Blue-barret a lute, 
Gold-buckle a tympan, 

(jreen-jerkin a flute. 
With eating and drinking 

And music, we'll go 
Where the marshmallows shake 

And the lithe willows grow. 

Such verses as this remind us of William Allinghanvs " Up the Airy Mountain."' We 
await more, and even better work, from the same pen. 

* * * * 

Irish and Scottish Gaelic Nanus of Herbs, Plants, Trees, &r'c. By F. Edmund Hogan, s.j. ; 

John Hogan, B.A.; and John C. MacErlean, s.i. Dublin: M. H. Gill & Son. 1900. 
We have long looked for such a book as this, and now we are more than satisfied. Every 
wild plant and flower that grows has here got its old-world title, some of which have, 
as it were, a familiar sound to us cold-blooded northerns. We must have heard them 
from our nurses' lips when we were new to the world, or some old Celtic strain within us 
must be reasserting itself. Now we can correct and encourage all this by the book before us. 
Better far that we should know our hedgerow plants by their Irish names. Comixire the 
English "lousewort" with the euphonious " lus rihagh " (buj- i\'dbAch), and the equally 
pleasant " lus Columcille " with "yellow iiinijiernel." Of course, we who have been brought 
up " thinking in English " may fail to recognise old friends with new names, but that is our 
own fault and misfortune ; and for us now to effect the remedy w ill be a delightful occupation. 
The plants are arranged first in Celtic, and then in English. We only regret that the 
pronunciation of more of the Irish names is not given phonetically, and so further assist the 
beginner. 

* * * * 

Bazaar Book issued by the Whitehead Presbyterian Congregation in July, 1900. By 

Dixon Donaldson. 
This book contains accounts of the history and antiquities of Templecorran, Braidisland, 
Kilroot, Islandmagcc, and surrounding districts, and we have seUlom seen a lx)ok of a similar 
class excel it for accuracy and careful research. The writer knows his subject well, has had 
full access to the best authorities, and has producetl a work creditable in the extreme. It is 
by such handbooks as these that our local history is widely disseminated. 

* * * * 

Baxaar Hook issued by Second Donaghcady C'lngrcgation in July, 1900. By the Rev. 

T. W. Latimer, n.A. 
We regret wo cannot award the same mead of praise to this production a> to the last one. 
We are tired 'if this systematic groaning; ulxnit "sulicriiig for rcnx-ience' sake," so frequently 
indulged in by certain denoiiiinaiional writers. In plain I'nglisli. this dttcn means that 
tithes and buildings weie taken trnni tlm^e who neither created the one nor built the other, 
but had a short usurjiation of both. ( )iic ra->r is given of ihis " conscieuce"-sake persecution.'" 
A niinistei, John llainillon, rnjoynl the tithes of the parish during the Commonwealth; at 
the Restoration he refused to conlorm, antl was of couise deprived ot them, but still ministered 



i^i kEVIEWS OF BOOKS. 

to his own people, who promised to pay him /^2$ a year and build a manse. They did 
neither, and matters only brightened up when King William started the Regium Donum. 
We totally fail to see where the " persecution for conscience' sake " comes in here. All the 
religions that have ever flourished in Ireland have had hard times and, of course, Presby- 
tcrianism amongst the rest but why such comparatively trifling matters as above detailed 
should be ceaselessly construed into " persecution " is hard to comprehend. Better let such 
bygones he bygones. We have a delicacy in referring to such a subject, as it verges on 
controversy ; but we do so in all good faith and with the best intentions, only desiring that 
old diff'erences should not be magnified and become present-day bitternesses. 

?f< 5fC ^ ^ 

Koyal Society of Antiquaries. 

The proceedings of this Society still maintain the highest standard of excellence in the 
antiquarian world. The part for June last contains two papers on Ulster matters: one on 
" Portnoo, a corner in the Donegal Mighlands," by the Ven. R. .E. Bailie, m.a ; and the 
other, " Saint Malachy of Armagh," by E. M. Berry. The former is a chatty, readable article 
of considerable value ; whilst the latter deals with an Ulsterman in the far away Kerry 
kingdom, where there are still many ruins that tell of his name and fame. 

^ >fC Jji 5fC 

Poems from College and Country. By Three Brothers Patrick, Samuel Fee, and Thomas 

Given. Belfast : W. & G. Baird, Ltd. 1900. 
It is an Ulster saying, that " it is a poor family that cannot afford to keep one gentleman" ; 
but it is a rich household that contains three poets, and Cullybackey has the honour of having 
produced such a family. Poems suited for " all sorts and conditions of men " are contained in 
this volume grave and gay, lively and severe suited for the rustic mind, dealing with all 
topics religious, political, and social. If one piece does not please, try another : there is 
variety galore. The volume is enhanced by a biographical sketch from the cultured pen 
of the Rev. Geo. R. Buick, ll.d. 

'r* 't^ 'n T* 

Library of the Nore, No. i. Imagination and Art in Gaelic Literature. A Lecture by 

T. W. Rollestion. Kilkenny. 1900. Price 6d. 
We welcome the first volume of this library, and hope to see many more larger books. The 
writer is a well-known exponent in Irish literary matter ; but we doubt if he does well 
in decrying the publications of the Irish Texts Society. He is, however, quite justified in 
wishing to alter the trend of the material they produce, if he so thinks right ; and there are 
many to agree with him, although we do not. Standish O'Grady's press in Kilkenny has a 
good future before it : we wish it well. 

4c '^ ;j< ^ 

Heraldry in Relation to Scottish History and Art. By Sir James Balfour Paul, Lyon 

King of Arms. Edinburgh: David Douglas. 1900. Price 10/6 net. 
This volume embraces the Rhind Lectures for 1898, and treats of Scottish heraldry from 
every aspect ; dwelling with fondness, however, upon the historical bearings of it in that 
country from the earliest times. Written with spirit, and a painstaking accuracy of detail 
truly wonderful where so many different features are touched upon, this book must be valued 
and continually referred to by everyone whose tastes are inclined in that direction. Armory 
in these jxiges is treated not only technically, but its varieties in different eras fully explained, 
and its adaptation to present day uses set forth with judgment and effect. 

To the general reader. Lecture 2, illustrating history, will be the longest dwelt upon. 
1 lerc an extraordinary amount of curious facts are marshalled together in a manner leaving 
nothing to be desired. No one but a Lyon King could have produced such a volume, which 
places all lovers of heraldry a growing class under a deep debt of gratitude. The printing 
is cxcellcni and the binding appropriate ; the illustrations are worthy of all i)raise, and in 
themselves form an excellent reference on many knotty points. 



%\et ot 3llU6tration6. 



unluce Church, (Ircuind Plan 
Old Door ... 
Section 



I'AGE. 

4 

5 
5 



,, ,, West (Jahle Window ... 6 

ac-.similc Page of the Old Session l^ook of 

(Jarnmoney, 1697... ... ... ... S 

ihn Thomson, Minister of Carnnioney Pres- 

Ijyterian Conijregation, 1767-1828 ... 9 

omnuinion Cu]), Carnnioney Church, 17 14 10 

nother T'orlrait of John Thomson ... ... 10 

lexander Cohill, d.d., of Gali^orni ... 12 

olunteer Jug in Ballyniuney Town Hall, 

sliowing Leslie Crest .. ... ... 34 

olunteer |ug in Hallynionc)- Town Hall ... 35 

l\er Cross of the Dundalk Tight Dragoons 36 

l\er Medal of the Drunibridge \'olunleers 37 

olunteer ]iadge of the Raliygarvey X'ohmleers 38 

rniorial Scul))tured Stones of the County 

Antrim 39 53 

he Monument placed oxer the (jra\e of 

Saint Patrick ... .. ... ... 61 

ross and Inscripiion incised upon the Monu- 
ment ... ... ... ... .. 62 

he I'ragmcnts of a Cross at Down Cathedral (13 

rmorial Sculjitured Stones of the Count)' 
.Antrim ... ... ... ... 90-104 

ihn \invcomli, M. R.I..\. .:. ... ... 116 



le late kev. ( leori 



[ill 



126 



rmorial Sculptured Slono ol the County 
Antrim ... ... ... ... 162-17: 

ayde (Co. Antrim) Cross ... .. ... l8j 



I'AGE. 

The first Manjuis of Donegall ... ... 185 

The Hamilton Monument, in the Abbey 

Church, Pangor .. ... ... /cn//!^- 189 

The Old Abbey Church, Pangor, 1900 ... 191 



Oak Pillar from the Chance 
Church 



1 of the Old 



Ab 



191 

192 

193 
194 

195 
195 
196 



Sculptured Stones trom tlie N( 

at Bangor ... 
The Bangor Cross 
Incised Stone ... 
Anglo-Norman Cuniform Stone 
Sun-dial (?) Cross 
Cross from Pangor Abbe)' 
The Bradeshaw Stone 
Stones built into the Interior of ihe North 

and South Walls of the Tower 

The Stevnstone Stone... 

The Master-Mason Stone 

Oak Pilaster, Supjiort, and Mouldings, Irom 

Bangor Old Church 

The Dean (libson Monument 

The I'ranciscan Abbe)' ol Donegal ... 

,, ,, ,, ., ( iround I'lan 225 

,, ,, ,, ., The i'i^ciiia 220 

The Cloisters. D.)iiegal, F.lexatioii 227 

I'lan 227 

The Prior".- Door ... 228 
The Parish Church o| Carnca-ile 230 

Armorial Scul[)tured Stone- of the County 

Antrim ... ... ... ... 231 244 



198 
199 

200 



224 



INDEX 

lO 

ULSTER JOURNAL OF ARCHAEOLOGY. 

Vol. VL 

Compiled by I<"kei>eric (^harlks Ihc.c.PZR, ai liOK^iiURo, Sorrn Afkka. 

ALEXANDER arms 164 /^ ^ ALWllLL arms 

Allt-n arms ... ... ... 41-42, 162 ^ ^ (_'amii!)cll arms .. . 

Aiiglicizalion ofan Irisli name ... 65,60 <_'amar, 'rhoiiuis, paper hy 

Annals of the Four Masters referred to ... 135 Carle)- tomhslone, I.arnt' 

Answers -\\'est ... ... ... .. 116 (.'are)-, li;ucin)-of 

,, St. Pall i(']<'s token ... .. ill) (Jariiiin iney, session^ lionk of .. . 

Antrim, Lord, .v,-,' .Macl )oiinell. Catlicart, William, paper liy ... 

Antrim colours ... ... ... ... 59 Catlu-dral, .Armat;]! 

,, cnnj;;regatioii ... ... ... ... 60 Cauldrons, hron/e 

Armat;h, ancient churches (if .. . ... 24 33 ( hiche.^ter arms 

.Armagh, coins lound at ... ... ... 32 Church(,s, ancient, ol .Armai;]! 

Armai;h, hook of ... ... ... 26, 27 Cills, ancient, oh^ervation'i on 

ArmaL;h, John Corr)'s account of ... t^x , },! Clonalle, terrilor)- of ... 

.Armorial sculptured stones, County Antiini, Coins found at .Armai^h ... ... ... },1 

39 53. 90 '04, 162 172 Colla 20 

C'oleman, J anies, reference to. . . ... ... i 

O ADCi:, llally-urvey \olunteers 3<S Colvill family 12 10 

VJ I'xdly-arvey volunteers 38 Colvill arms 14 

Hallymoney vohmlee.s 34 Communicants of Carnnioiiev 7 





43 




41 


34 


36 




44 


'55 : 


[5S 


6- 


-II 




l'^ 




32 




29 


4-^. 


43 


24 


33 


12S 


'32 




'75 



burniuL; <jl ... ... ... So 



Corr\', John, account ol Armaeli 



Hallymacmanus, abbeys of ... ... 133 141 Crai"- arms 16S 

Hallycaslle, massacre at 80 Crawlor.l, .\ndre\v (minister of Carnni. >ney ) 710 

Hallintoy, Stewarts of ... 1723,7889,142 161 ChiIl;, William (miiii.ler of Carnm. .ney I 11 

<-"'i^'''-" "'' S5, 149 Crawford arms i(,o 

* 'i^'"^''' 149 Crei-h family 8 

15ank of Lelan.l 15 Crossle, 1 )r. 'hrancis, rcfereiu'e to I 

ISarkley, Joseph (ministei- o( Carnmoney) ... II Cross it I a\ ile I .S ' 
liellisle. releienceto ... ... ... ... 133 

i'.iblio^^rapliy, i;i.-.ler I 3 

Biiii^er, F. J., e.lilor, papers by, J'AALR.MDA 17 

4. 30, 61, 90, 125, 162, 191, 231 *-^ I'-iy, Robert, l.^.,\., papei-, i y 30, 37 

R.ishop". C.uil. .\rm:i-h ... 31.32 1 )i. k- .n. J ohn .M . . paper by . . ... 128 132 

I'jjair arms ... ... ... ... 107 iJill, l^hn ( iniui^ler ol (.'arimione) ,1 ... II 

book of .\riuaidi ..,' 26.27 l)i\, 1;. R. .McC, p.iper by I 3 

Hoyds. lamily .if 84.85 1 )obb~, l.i mil\ of 159 

i!uckinL;ham, I)u-he--..f ... ... ... 22 Dolmen- I'i licl.ind ... ... ... ... 128 

I!uclJe\-. 1 . , relerence lo ... ... ... 1 1 )oi,iinic,ins and f lanci-can.s ol i;.dl)ni.ic- 

IJui iiey .uins ... ... ... . 39.40 manus ... ... ... ... 133 141 

Rmiis .unis .. ... ... ... ... 40 1 )iumbiid-e \. .hmlecis ... ... ... 37 

lUite. Klar.d "I ... .,, ... .. 18. ii) Druim...iif > h ... ... ,. ., 27 

Uracil, 'pi. ilMliiii Irom ... ... ... i ;( > 1 )\: N'oyi, iii.r.\:n;^s !) ... \\ 

llron/.e caiddl 'IIS ... ... ... ... 20 1 )iiii^ev.li(-, 1 elerelice to ., 20 -, '. , 78 '( ,'. 

liiuce, Ruil; Kobeil. and l.imily ... 18 Duhd.iliv \"lun;eei- ... ... ... 30 



INDEX. 



Dunlop, family of ... ... .. ... '43 

Dunliicc Church ... ... 4 6 

Castle 4-22 

,, town of 79 

,, barony of ... ... . >5- '5 + 



ECCLKSarm.s 45.46 

Echlin, family of ... ... \~6 Sc'ij. 

I'niania ... ... ... ... ... ... 106 

I'Ntlcl arms 50 



FKXXELL. \V. J.. jiaiK-r by ... 4 -6, 224 

,, ,, note by ... ...183 

l-'erl.e Maityrum ... ... 27 

Vcxi,'m Xii/nfs of /Va,;\< 28,29 

I'"eries arms ... ... ... ... ... 4S 

Finley arms ... ... ... ... ... 49 

Finlay arms 49, 169 

Fitzmaurice, Rev. K. \\., paper by ... (^1-11 

Fleck arms ... ... ... ... ... 45 

Foxhalls, [ohn, archbishop of Armai^h 70, 71 

Franciscans of -Armagh ... ... 67 77 

Franciscans of Ballymacmanus ... 133-141 

Franciscans of Donegal ... ... ... 224 

Fullerlons, family of ... ... ... ... 83 

Funeral entries, Colvill family ... ... 12 



GL.XSC.OWarms 47 
Cola monastery ... ... 136 .w'(/. 

C(ire family ... ... ... ... ... 141 

Cordon arms ... ... ... ... . . 170 

Cirant arms ... ... ... ... 46 



H.\I)I).\N, Ilad.len, II.iKlen, arms of ... 51 
Highlands, West, ])f)pular talcs ... 18 
I liU, Rev. Ceorge. paper by, 17-23,78 89,142-161 
,, ,, obituary nolice of... 125-127 

I louston arms ... ... ... ... 5' '*^3 

Hughes, Herbert, paper by 39,93, 162. 191,231 
Hughes, iirigin of name ... ... 65, 66 

I lume aims ... ... ... ... ... 164 

Hutchinson, family of .. . ... ... ... 160 

Hutchinson, (ieorge (volunteer) ... 35, 36 



T X.SURRF.CTICN of 1641 

i Inscriptions on Lame gravcstimes, 

J.AFFRKVarms 
[ugs, volunteer ... 



KELLY 52 

Kennedy, family of ... ... ... 80 

Killybegs, M. I*, for ... ... ... ... 14 

King family ... ... ... ... 138-141 

King, Ralph, of Carey and Rathlin ... \^1 sec]. 

Kirkpatrick ... ... ... .. ... 52 

Kirkwood arms... ... ... ... ... 163 

Knox arm.s ... ... ... ... ... 170 



L 





78 sc,,. 


:Tes, 




39-53 


, 90-104 




... 170 




34. 35 



ANC, Ceorge (minister of Carnmoney) ... 7 
Larne, armorial stones and inscrip- 
tions in ... ... 39 53. 90 104 

Latimer, Rev. W. T., notes by ... ... 183 

Layde cross ... ... ... ... ... 1S3 

Learmor (Learmouth) ... ... ... ... 53 

Leslie, Colonel, Hallymoney volunteers ... 34 

Linenhall library, reference to ... ... i 

Lock arms ... ... ... ... ... 171 

Londonderry, Lord, and Newtownards ... 15 

Lough Erne, reference to ... ... ... 133 

Lupita, St. Patrick's sister ... ... ... 30 

MAcMUNNarms 95 

MacNeill arms ... ... ... 96 

MacTier arms ... ... . ... ... 97 

MacCasey ... \\2 seq., iJlseq. 

,, usurjjation of ... ... .. 173 

MacHugh, Anglicized ... ... ... 65,66 

MacCarroll, family of... ... ... ... 147 

MacAle.xander arms ... ... ... ... 164 

Maclellan arms .. ... ... ... 165 

MacDonnell family, references to, 

4-19, 21, 22, 23, 79 s,-:j., 142 sec). 

MacDowell arms ... ... ... . 172 

MacNaghten, Rjhn, agent of MacDonnells ... 21 

Maguire, Dominic ... ... ... 140 

.Manf)d, Minfod, Minford, Miuiford, arms of 90 

NLanson, David (schoolmaster) ... ... 53 

Manson tond)stone, Larne ... ... ... 53 

,, Tynan, family of ... ... 179, 180 

Masons' marks at Armagh ... ... ... 32 

McKenna, Rev. J. E. , paper by ... 133 141 

,, ,, note by ... 173 

.McKinne\-, W. F., jiaperby... ... ... 6 

McKee, Robert , query by ... ... .. 60 

Mearns arms ... ... ... ... ... 90 

Meeting-house at Tynan ... ... ... 179 

Medal, Dundalk volunteer ... ... ... 36 

,, Drumbridge volunteer ... ... 37 

Meharg, MacHarg, arms ... ... ... 39 

Miscellanea 

Craxe of Saint Patrick ... ... ... 59 

Downjiatrick parish church ... ... 29 

Burying of regimental colours ... ... 59 



INDEX. 



Miscellanea continued. 

Early register of Antrim congregation 

Layde cross 

Sessions book of Lisburn 

Ulster bibliography 
Monro, John (minister of Carnmoney) 
Montgomery arms 

,, family of 

Munro arms 
Murdoch arms .. 



60 
183 

183 

'83 

7 

2, 93 

159 

94 

95 



A Fl'RTA abbey, references to 24-30, 77 



1 ^ Naesmith arms 


... 96 


Navan fort 


.. 106 


Newtownards and Colvill family 


14, 15, 16 


Newtownlimavady, M.P. for... 


... 15 


Nickle arms 


... 171 


Noell, Sir Martin, and rallinto)- 


... 151 


Notes and (^)ueries : 




William Stennors, master mason 


... 115 


Peacock 


.. 115 


John \'esey 


... 115 



/^HSER\' 



ATIOXS on our ancient cills, 

128 132 



O^ilvic arms 
(Ji lor barony 
Orr arms 
O'Caiian, family of 

O'Carroll, ,, 

O'Casey 

O'llanlon's country 

O' Hughe, Anglicized ... 

O'Neill, Sir I'helim Roe 

O'Neill, family <-f 

OWeill clan in Tynan 

PATON", Ration, arms of ... 
Patrick anus 

Piuiiket, Oliver 

I'oynl/, .Sir T., giant of hind to 
Presbyterian-, and Rump jjarliament 
al Tynan 
Li^hurn coniTrciration 



QUKI':N'S Colh-gc, librarian of... 
ijucrn slonc t'ound at .\rmagh 
<jufrie^ : 

1 Ulrr ( '.aolic Scjcicty 

' N.m.uivc m| ni\ irsidi-ncc in 

1. eland 
.Saint I'atiick lokni 



... 97 

... 26 

... 165 

... 87 

... 147 

I I 2 S(',J _ 

... 26 

65, 66 

... 23 

... 150 

105 ,^v<y. 

... 98 

... 98 

138 .cy. 
... 1 60 

... 159 
... 179 
... 18; 



RALOO, armorial Stones at ... 167-172 

Rashee, ,, ... 162-166 

Rathlin, references to ... ... ... i^J seq. 

Reeves, Bishop, paper by, 24-33, '05-115, 173-182 
Red Bay, .Stewarts of, reference to ... 143 ^^'i- 

Regimental colours, burial of ... ... 59 

Review of Books : 

Hii^h Crosses of Castkdennott and 

Dm row ... ... ... ... 54 

Reeords of the Clan Feri:;iison ... ... 55 

Irisli Presliyterian ... ... ... 55 

Belfast Xeros-fA'tter 55 

.-/ Uni'c'ersity Seandal ... ... ... 55 

Record of I. eai^iie of Saint Coluinba ... 5, 

Journal of tlie Royal Cornwall Institute. . . 56 

Rev. S. Barini^-iJonld' s paper ... .. 56 

Royal .Society of .Intiquaries ... ... 56 

Scottish Antiquary ... ... ... 56 

Antiquary ... ... ... ... ^6 

Boohs, Bracts, etc. ... ... .. 56 

Cenealoi[ical .Mai^azine ... ... ... 57 

All Ireland Revie-w 57 

Bto/n A'ini;; Orrey to Queen J'ictoria ... 57 

Irish 7 e.vts Society 57 

History and . I ntiq/titics 0/ lalla^'ht ... 57 

So)ii;s of the Clens of .Intrini 184 

.S'<'(7V//('.v of Antiquaries of Scotland ... 184 

Horns of Honour ... ... ... ... 184 

So/nc Worthies of the Irish Church ... 1 84 

Belfast Charitahle .Society 185 

./ land of Heroes 186 

Brescrration of Irish l.ani;uaxe ... ... 186 

IVie I'oirc of One 186 

I7ie Cathedral Builders 1 86 

Down and Connor and Droi/iore 

Library Cataloi^ue ... ... ... 187 

RcT. ir. I'. Latimer s Papers 187 

Richard Co.\ Roc 187 

Belfast Briralccr .hiur.on" 187 

Cumber, Co. Perry ... ... ... 187 

Linenhall Library B.vhibi'ion C'atal^'iic 187 

Reynell, Rev. \V. .\., paper by ... ... 12 

Reyniilds, William, volunteer ttunbstone 

inscription 35, 36 

Robinson, Robertson ... ... ...99 

Robinson arms ... ... ... 172 

Robinson, Jolm, note by ... ... ... 116 

Rogers anu> ... ... ... ... ... 99 



s 



00 
60 



AIN'T PATRK'K and Lupita .. 
,, grave of 

S.iint C'oluinl)a"s college, .^tackallen, 

anticjuities at 
.Se>hions book ot Carnmoney... 



... 30 
59. <^>' 63 



INDEX. 



Shaw, John, of Ballyganway... ... ... lo 

Shiiw, lames ami Patrick (ministers of Cam- 
money) .. 6, 7 

Shutter arms .. .100 

Skillen. j., (|uery by 60 

.Smith, Kev. W. S., note by .. ... ... 60 

Smitl) arms .. .. ... ... loo 

Stewart, family of, Drumhricige ... 37, 38 

Stewarts of HaUintoy ... 17-23, 78 89, l.|2 161 
Strabane, b(n)ks [uiblisheil in ... ... 3 

Stuart arms ... ... loi 

.Stuarts "Arniai;h "' .. . ... ... 31 

.Subscribers, lists of ... ... 117, 188 



TAVLOK, family of 
Tiranny townland 
Thom arms 
Thomson, John (minister of Carnmoney^ 



T\iian parish, history of 



.. 87 
)5 seq. 
. 101 
9, II 
105 ii5> 173 1^2 



u 



LSTER bibliography 



13. 183 



Ulster's" office 
Upton, Clotworthy 
Uriell arms 
Urn found at Armagh 
Ussher, Dr. Henry 



, funeral entries in ... 12 

10 

103 

32 

^n^eq- 



VESKV family 

X'inycomb, John, note on 
" N'olunteers of 1782" 



w 



ATE, Watt, arms 

Waterworth, Hugh (minister of 
Carnmoney) 



Wilson, David (minister of Car 
White arms 
Woodside arms 
Workman arms 



nmoney) 



160, 161 
... 116 

34-38 

101-103 

II 

II 

166 

104 

104 




GETTY CENTER LIBRARY 



3 3125 00695 4545