(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Uniform crime reports for the United States"

T_ 



,K9 _Q[1<>1.(> iU 



~3i 




Given By 
D. S. SUPT. OF DOCUMENTS 



3-J 



J/AM*-, 






\/ n 



1 f- i 



HVl 



UNIFORM 

CRIME 
REPORTS 



FOR THE UNITED STATES 
AND ITS POSSESSIONS 




ISSUED BY THE 

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 

WASHINGTON, D. C. 




Volume XII Number f 

FIRST QUARTERLY BULLETIN, 1941 



UNIFORM 
CRIME REPORTS 

FOR THE UNITED STATES 
AND ITS POSSESSIONS 



Volume XII — Number 1 
FIRST QUARTERLY BULLETIN, 1941 



Issued by the 

Federal Bureau of Investigation 

United States Department of Justice 

Washington, D. C. 




ADVISORY 



International Association of Chiefs of Police 

OBLIi 

UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1941 



*c\z 



5'3, ^A^ 






CONTENTS 



Yo\* 






i\ ' 



^j 



*6 



Page 

Summary of volume XII, No. 1_ _ 1-2 

Classification of offenses 2-3 

Extent of reporting area L _ 3-4 

Monthly reports: 

Offenses known to the police — cities divided according to population 

(table 1) 5-6 

Annual trends, offenses known to the police, 1940-41 (table 2) 6-8 

Offenses known to the police — cities divided according to location 

(tables 3, 4) 9-11 

Offenses in individual cities over 100,000 in population (table 5) 12-14 

Offenses known to sheriffs and State police (table 6) 14-15 

Offenses known in Territories and possessions (table 7) 15 

Annual reports: 

Offenses known and offenses cleared by arrest, 1940 — cities divided 

according to population (tables 8, 9) 16-24 

Persons charged (held for prosecution), 1940 — cities divided according 

to population (tables 10-12) 25-29 

Offenses known, offenses cleared by arrest, and persons found guilty. 

1940 (tables 13, 14) . _ 29-33 

Persons released (not held for prosecution), 1940 — cities divided 

according to population (tables 15, 16) - 33-36 

Percentage of offenses cleared by arrest, 1934-40 (table 17) 36-38 

Offenses known, offenses cleared by arrest, and persons charged, 1940, 

by geographic divisions (tables 18-37) 39-61 

Definition of part I and part II offense classifications 62-63 

(ID 



UNIFORM CRIME REPORTS 

J. Edgar Hoover, Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation, U. S. Department 
of Justice, Washington, D. C. 

Volume XII April 1941 Number 1 

SUMMARY 

Crime Trends, January-March, 1940-41. 

Murders increased 15.4 percent during the first 3 months of this 
year over the first quarter of 1940, according to the police in 349 of 
the Nation's largest cities. Rapes increased 5.8 percent, and other 
felonious assaults, 2.2 percent. Two property crimes showed in- 
creases as follows: Auto theft. 4.0 percent; and larceny, 1.6 percent. 

Negligent homicides were 14.9 percent less frequent during the 
first 3 months of 1941. and other crimes showing decreases were rob- 
bery, 6.3 percent; and burglary. 3.7 percent. 

Distribution of Crimes, 1941. 

Crimes totaling 211.301 were reported during January-March, 1941 
by police departments in 2.015 cities representing a combined popula- 
tion of 63,023.(341. Only 3.8 percent of these were crimes against the 
person, including criminal homicides, rapes, and other felonious as- 
saults. Fifty-eight and five-tenths percent of the offenses reported 
were larcenies; 22.3 percent were burglaries; 11.9 percent were auto 
thefts; and 3.5 percent were robberies. 

Crimes occurring per unit of population varied according to the 
size of the city and, more noticeably, according to location. The 
bulletin contains average crime figures for cities grouped by size and 
by location to facilitate comparisons of local figures with national or 
regional averages. 

Offenses Cleared by Arrest, 1940. 

Of every 100 offenses committed, 28 were cleared last year by the 
arrest of 22 persons. The range in the percentage of clearances was 
wide for individual offense classes. For example, of each 100 murders 
committed, 89 were cleared by the arrest of 87 persons, while 23 of 
each 100 larcenies were cleared by the arrest of 18 individuals. For 
other offenses the proportion of crimes cleared was as follows: Negli- 
gent manslaughter, 83.4 percent; rape, 79.4 percent; aggravated 
assault, 73.7 percent; robbery, 41.8 percent; burglary, 33.1 percent; 
and auto theft, 23.8 percent. 

(l) 



The proportion of offenses of criminal homicide, robbery, aggravated 
assault, burglary, and auto theft cleared during 1940 was higher than 
the average clearances during the 6-year period immediately preced- 
ing. Only two offenses — rape and larceny — did not show improve- 
ment in this respect. 

Included in the bulletin are average figures for cities grouped by 
size and location, showing the percentage of offenses cleared by 
arrest. 
Persons Charged, 1940. 

Including persons who responded to traffic tickets, 5,349,563 persons 
were arrested last year by the police in 1,212 cities over 2,500 in popu- 
lation; the majority (73.1 percent) of these were charged with traffic 
violations. Over half (55.3 percent) of the remaining persons ar- 
rested were charged with drunkenness or disorderly conduct. How- 
ever, 159,115 of the individuals arrested in these cities were charged 
with criminal homicide, rape, other felonious assault, robbery, carrying 
concealed weapons, violation of narcotic drug laws, burglary, auto 
theft, larceny, forgery, counterfeiting, receiving stolen property, 
embezzlement or fraud. 

During the 1940 calendar year, 76.4 percent of the persons charged 
with robbery, burglary, larceny, and auto theft were found guilty, 
while persons found guilty of crimes against the person (criminal 
homicide, rape, and aggravated assault) represented 53.0 percent of 
those charged with such crimes. Of the persons charged with other 
types of offenses, 78.8 percent were found guilty. 

CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENSES 

The term "offenses known to the police" is designed to include those 
crimes designated as part I classes of the uniform classification occur- 
ring within the police jurisdiction, whether they become known to 
the police through reports of police officers, of citizens, of prosecuting 
or court officials, or otherwise. They are confined to the following 
group of seven classes of grave offenses, shown by experience to be 
those most generally and completely reported to the police: Criminal 
homicide, including (a) murder, nonnegligent manslaughter, and (b) 
manslaughter by negligence; rape; robbery; aggravated assault; bur- 
glary — breaking or entering; larceny — theft; and auto theft. The 
figures contained herein include also the number of attempted crimes 
of the designated classes. Attempted murders, however, are reported 
as aggravated assaults. In other words, an attempted burglary or 
robbery, for example, is reported in the bulletin in the same manner 
as if the crime had been completed. 

"Offenses known to the police" include, therefore, all of the above 
offenses, including attempts, which are reported by the police depart- 
ments of contributing cities and not merely arrests or cleared cases. 



Complaints which upon investigation are Learned to be groundless are 

not included in the tabulations which follow. 

In publishing the data sent in by chiefs of police in different cities, 
the FBI does not vouch for their accuracy. They are given out as 
current information which may throw some light on problems of crime 
and criminal-law enforcement. 

In compiling the tables, returns which were apparently incomplete 
or otherwise defective were excluded. 

In the last section of this bulletin may be found brief definitions of 
part I and part II offense classifications. 

EXTENT OF REPORTING AREA 

In the following table there is shown the number of police depart- 
ments from which one or more crime reports were received during the 
first quarter of 1941. The cities represented are classed according to 
size, and the population figures. employed are from the 1940 decennial 
census. 



Population group 


Total 
number 

of cities 
or towns 


Cities filing 
returns 


Total 
population 


Population repre- 

1 in returns 




Xumber 


Percent 


Number 


Percent 


Total 


1.077 


980 


91.0 


62,715,897 


60, 718, 006 


96.8 


1. Cities over 250,000.. 


37 
55 
107 

213 
665 


37 

55 

100 

201 

587 


100. 
100. 
93. 5 
94.4 

88.3 


30, 195, 339 
;. 792, 050 
7.343.917 
7.417.093 
9. 966, 898 


30, 195, 339 

7. 792. 650 
6,875,039 

6, 986. 960 

8. S68. 018 


100 


2. Cities 100,000 io 250.oihi 

3. Cities 50,000 to 100,000 

4. Cities 25,000 to 50,000 

5. Cities 10,000 to 25,000 


100.0 

93. 6 

'14. 2 



Note. — The above table does not include 1.770 cities, villages, and rural townships aggregating a total 
population of 8,985,781. The cities and villages included in this figure are those of less than 10,000 popula- 
tion filing returns, whereas the rural townships are of varying population groups. 

The growth of the uniform crime reporting area is indicated in the 
following tabulation. These figures were compiled for the first 3 
months of 1932-41. 



v Xumber 
* ear ! of cities 


Population j 


Year 


5S& ' Po » ulatio » 


1932 

1933 

1934 

1935 

1936 


1.476 
1,561 
1.593 
1.S33 
2.111 


49,368, 231 
53, 295, 'I2!i 
61, 715,079 
••.2.304,616 ! 
63,766 619 


1937 

1938 

1939 

1940 

1941 


2. 166 

2.342 
2. r '4 1 
2, 555 
2.750 


64, 196, 843 

65, 197,026 

66, 588. 280 

67, 194,387 

69, 7113. 7S7 



The additional 195 cities shown in the foregoing comparison for the 
first quarter of 1941 as compared with the corresponding period of 
1940 account in part for the increase of 2,509,400 in the total popula- 
tion. A large portion of the increase in population results from the 
use of 1940 population figures in presenting the combined population 
of the 2,750 cities. The total population of the cities represented for 



4 

the years prior to 1941 is based on the 1930 decennial census, with the 
exception that the 1933 estimates of the Bureau of the Census were 
used for cities over 10,000 in population. 

A total of 4,431 law-enforcement agencies contributed one or more 
crime reports during the first quarter of 1941. This includes 2,750 
city and village law-enforcement agencies, 1,659 sheriffs, 9 State police 
units, and 13 agencies in Territories and possessions of the United 
States. 



MONTHLY REPORTS 

Offenses Known to the Police — Cities Divided According to Population. 

Ail analysis of the monthly crime reports received by the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation during the first 3 mouths of 1941 reflected 
803 murders, 605 negligent manslaughters, 1,357 rapes, 6,358 other 
felonious assaults, 8,439 robberies, 45,674 burglaries, 119,583 lar- 
cenies, and 28,482 auto thefts. These figures are from table 1, which 
is based on reports from the police departments of 2,015 cities with ;i 
combined population of 63,023,641. 

As indicated, most of the offenses reported were crimes against 
property. During the first 3 months of the year, 58.5 percent of all 
offenses reported were larcenies; 22.3 percent were burglaries; 11.9 
percent were auto thefts; and 3.5 percent were robberies. The 
remaining 3.8 percent of the offenses reported to the police consisted 
of criminal homicides, rapes, and other felonious assaults. 

Table 1 includes the number of offenses reported during January- 
March 1941 , together with figures representing the number of offenses 
per 100,000 inhabitants. The data are also presented for the cities 
divided into six groups according to size, to enable local officials and 
other interested individuals to compare local figures with national 
averages for other cities of approximately the same size. Similar 
data for cities grouped not only as to size but also as to geographic 
divisions are presented in table 4. 

(5) 



Table 1.— Offenses known to the police, January to March, inclusive, 1941: number 
and rate per 100.000 inhabitants, by population groups 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Population group 



GROUP I 

35 cities over 250,000; total popula- 
tion, 29,222,507: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 



Criminal homi- 
cide 



Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



GROUP II 

54 cities, 100,000 to 250,000; total 
population, 7,642,710: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100.000 



GROUP III 

92 cities. 50,000 to 100,000: total popu- 
lation, 6,377,980: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 



GROUP IV 

182 cities. 25,000 to 50,000: total popu- 
lation, 6,327,423: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 



GROCP v 

473 cities, 10,000 to 25.000; total popu- 
lation, 7,201,539: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 



GROUP VI 

1,179 cities under 10,000; total popu- 
lation. 6,251,476: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100.000 



Total 2,015 cities: total population, 
63,023,641: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100.000. . 



397 
1.36 



130 
1.70 



48 
0.67 



66 

1.00 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



345 
1.18 



Rape 



Rob- 
bery 



817 5. 508 
2. 80 18. 8 



100 119 

1. 31 1. 56 



60 
0.94 



26 
0.41 



38 

0.53 



36 

0.58 



127 
1.99 



76 
1.20 



107 
1.49 



111 

1.78 



605 
0. 96 



1. 357 
2. 15 



Bur- 

, glary— 

vated ■ a 

—* ESS 

ing 



997 
13.0 



712 
11.2 



513 
8.1 



302 
4.8 



s, 439 
13.4 



3,095 
10.6 



972 
12.7 



965 
15.1 



485 



474 
6.6 



367 

5.9 



6,358 
10.1 



i 19, 508 
98.3 



7.918 
103.6 



5, 600 



4,614 
72.9 



4,642 
64.5 



3.392 

54.3 



i 45, 674 
85 2 



Lar- 
ceny— 

theft 



Auto 

theft 



i 49, 882 15, 170 
251.5 51.9 



18.930 , 4,017 
247. 7 52. 6 



15, 385 2. 829 
241. 2 44. 4 



13, 859 2. 640 
219.0 41.7 



13. 399 2. 337 
ISO. 1 32. 5 



s. 128 1. 489 
130.0 23.8 



i L9,58 ! 28, is: 
222. 9 45. 2 



1 The number of offenses and rate for burglarv and larccnv-thefl are based on reports as follows: Group 
I,33cities, total population, 19,836,178: groups I-VI, 2,013 cities, total population. 53,637,312. 

Annual Trends, Offenses Known to the Police, 1940-41. 

Murders increased 15.4 percent during the first 3 months of 1941 in 
comparison with the corresponding period of last year according to 
the reports received from the police departments of 349 cities through- 
out the United States with population in excess of 25.000. The com- 
bined population represented by the cities is 49,050,040. Increases 
were also seen in other offenses as follows: Rape. 5.8 percent; auto 
theft. 4.0 percent; aggravated assault. 2.2 percent: and larceny. 1.6 
percent. 



On the other hand, decreases were revealed in several classes of 
crime, as follows: Manslaughter by negligence, 14.9 percent ; robbery, 
6.3 percent; and burglary, 3.7 percent. The v&si majority of negligent 
manslaughter cases consisted of automobile fatalities in which the 
police investigation showed the death to be due to the culpable 
negligence of some person other than the victim. 

The figures for individual offense classes may be found in table 2. 
In compiling the information presented the reports from the same 
cities were used for both 3-month periods. 

Table 2. — Annual trends, offenses known to the police, cities over 25.000 in popu- 
lation. January to March, inclusive, 1940-41 

I illation figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Criminal homi- 
cide 




Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 


Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 




Population group 


Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 


Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 


Rape 


Auto 
theft 


GROUP I 

35 cities over 250.000; total popula- 
tion, 29,222,507: 


367 
397 

109 
130 

67 
109 

47 
45 


398 
345 

98 
100 

61 
56 

59 
23 


780 

817 

120 
119 

89 
126 

85 
74 


5.S81 

5. 508 

1.156 
997 

602 

654 

493 
458 


3,139 

3.095 

SS6 
972 

845 
891 

403 
431 


i 20, 391 
1 19, 508 

7.952 
7,918 

5,846 
5,416 

4,449 
4,352 


i 48. 475 
1 49, S82 

19,646 
18, 930 

14, 575 
14,886 

12, 524 

13, 084 


14, 590 




15, 170 


GROUP II 

54 cities, 100,000 to 250,000; total 
population, 7.642.716: 
January to March 1940 . 


3.922 




4.017 


GROUP III 

&9 cities, 50,000 to 100,000; total pop- 
ulation, 6.206,578: 


2,549 


January to March 1941 


2,729 


group rv 

171 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; total pop- 
ulation, 5,978,239: 
January to March 1940 


2. 372 
2, 404 






GROUPS I- IV 

349 cities; total population. 49,050,- 
040: 


590 
681 


616 

524 


1,074 
1, 136 


S. 132 


5 273 


i 38, 638 

i 37. 194 


i 95, 220 

» 90, 782 


23. 433 


January to March 1941 


7.617 


5. 389 


24. 380 



1 The number of offenses of burglary and larceny-theft is based on reports as follows: Group I, 33 cities, 
total population, 19,836,178; groups I-IV, 347 cities, total population, 39,603.711. 



316021°— 41- 



9 

Offenses Known to the Police — Cities Divided According to Location. 

The extent of crime is affected by many factors, and the degree to 
which each of these elements is present varies considerably among 
the several States and larger geographic divisions; hence the frequency 
with which crimes occur varies greatly in the different sections of the 
country. For a discussion of some of the factors affecting the extent 
of crime reference may he made to the comment immediately preceding 
table 5 of this issue of the bulletin. 

In order that regional crime averages might be available to local 
officials and other individuals interested in making comparisons, the 
groups of cities represented in table 1 were further subdivided accord- 
ing to the nine geographic divisions, and the number of offenses com- 
mitted per unit of population as reflected by the reports received from 
those cities is presented in table 4. The figures in table 3 indicate the 
number of cities represented in each population group within the 
various geographic divisions. 

Table 3. — Xumber of cities included in the tabulation of uniform crime reports, 
January to March, inclusive, 19S+1 



Division 



GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION 

Xew England: 164 cities: total population, 
5,393,533. 

Middle Atlantic: 486 cities; total population, 
17,904,821 

East North Central: 498 cities: total popula- 
tion, 15,822,824 

West Xorth Central: 220 cities; total popula- 
tion, 5,150,327 

-'outh Atlantic: ' 176 cities; total population, 
5,580,344 

East South Central: 71 cities; total popula- 
tion, 2,243,033... 

West South Central: 113 cities: total popula- 
tion, 3,653,S20 . 

Mountain: 89 cities; total population, 
1.254,575 

Pacific: 192 cities; total population, 6,020,364 

Total: 2,015 cities: total population, 
63,023,641 

1 Includes report of District of Columbia. 







Population 






Group 
I 


Group 
II 


Group 
III 


Group 
IV 


Group 
V 


Group 
VI 


Over 
250,000 


100,000 

to 
250,000 


50,000 

to 
100,000 


25,000 

to 
50,000 


10,000 

to 
25,000 


Less 
than 
10,000 


2 


10 


10 


27 


56 


59 


5 


11 


19 


33 


103 


315 


8 


10 


20 


54 


99 


307 


4 


5 


8 


10 


57 


142 


3 


7 


17 


16 


43 


90 


3 


3 


3 


S 


20 


34 


4 


3 


7 


12 


34 


53 


1 

5 


5 


2 

•i 


15 


18 
43 


61 
118 


35 


54 


92 


182 


473 


1,179 



Total 



164 
486 
498 
226 
176 
71 
113 

89 

192 

2,015 



10 



In order that the information may be readily available, there are 
listed below the States included in the nine geographic divisions. 



States Divided by Geographic Divisions 



New England: 
Connecticut. 
Maine. 

Massachusetts. 
New Hampshire. 
Rhode Island. 
Vermont. 



Middle Atlantic: 
New Jersey. 
New York. 
Pennsylvania. 



East North Central: 
Illinois. 
Indiana. 
Michigan. 
Ohio. 
Wisconsin. 



West North Central: 
Iowa. 
Kansas. 
Minnesota. 
Missouri. 
Nebraska. 
North Dakota. 
South Dakota. 



South Atlantic: 1 
Delaware. 
Florida. 
Georgia. 
Maryland. 
North Carolina. 
South Carolina. 
Virginia. 
West Virginia. 



East South Central: 
Alabama. 
Kentucky. 
Mississippi. 
Tennessee. 



West South Central: 
Arkansas. 
Louisiana. 
Oklahoma. 
Texas. 



Includes District of Columbia. 



Mountain: 
Arizona. 
Colorado. 
Idaho. 
Montana. 
Nevada. 
New Mexico. 
Utah. 
Wyoming. 



Pacific: 

California. 

Oregon. 

Washington. 



Table 4. — Number of offenses known to the police per 100,000 inhabitants, January 
to March, inclusive, 1941, by geographic divisions and population groups 



Geographic division and 
population group 



New England: 
Group I . _ 
Group II.. 
Group III 
Group IV- 
Group V.. 
Group VI 



Total, groups I-VI. 

Middle Atlantic: 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III - 
Group IV... 
Group Y 
Group VI 



Total, groups I-VI 



See footnotes at end of table. 



Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent man- 
slaughter 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary — 

breaking 
or entering 


Lar- 
ceny — 

theft 


Auto 

theft 


0.49 


6. :i 


3.7 


36.6 


84.1 


76.6 


.22 


3.8 


2.5 


92. 1 


162.3 


52. 2 


.39 


3.5 


1.3 


74.8 


128. 1 


32.7 


. 10 


2.6 


1.5 


60.3 


111.7 


26.1 


.45 


1.2 


1.2 


45.9 


84.8 


17.7 




1.3 


1.3 


45.0 


66.7 


13.3 






.30 


3.5 


2. 1 


62.4 


113.9 


40.9 


.9(3 


6.5 


8.6 


i 58. 3 


> 105. 4 


38. 7 


.35 


4.3 


5. 1 


62.8 


100.2 


38.5 


.45 


6.3 


< . i 


68. 1 


111.5 


29.9 


.35 


4. 1 


4.1 


50.0 


97.6 


26.1 


.42 


3.6 


4.7 


51.8 


104. 1 


26.0 


.18 


2.7 


2.8 


35.4 


69.4 


15.8 


.71 


5.5 


7. 1 


2 53. 9 


2 97.3 


34.0 



11 

Table 4.— Number of offenses known to tin police per 100,000 inhabitants, January 
to March, inclusive, 1941, by geographic divisions and population groups — 
Continued 



Geographic division and 
population group 



East North Central: 
Group I . 

Group II 

Group III 

I Iroup IV 

Group V 
Group A" I 



Murder, 
nonneg- 

ligent man 
slaughter 



Tola), groups I-VI 

West North Central: 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Croup VI 



Total, groups I-VI 



South Atlantic: 
Group I 3 . . . 
Group II... 
Group III 
Group IV 
Group V 
Group VI 



Total, groups I-VI. 

East South Central: 

Group I 

< Jroup II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 



Total, groups I-VI 

, • South Central: 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV. 

Group V 

Group VI 



Total, groups I-VI 



Mountain: 
Group I - 
Group II ». 
Group III. 
Group IV 
i iroup V 
Croup VI 



Total, groups I-VL 



Pacific: 

Group I... 
Group II.. 
Group III. 
Group IV 
Group V 
Group VI 



Total, groups I-VI 



1.29 
.81 

1.38 
.20 
.27 
.75 



Robbery 



32.9 
11.7 
10. 4 
7.1 
6. 5 
5.5 



Aggra- Bur 
vated breaking 



assault 



8.7 
8. a 
9.2 
3.9 
2.9 
3.4 



or entering 



82 3 

89 ii 
-ii I 
65. 2 
57. 1 
50. 5 



75.1 



Lar- 
ceny — 
theft 



206.2 
224. 7 

199.(1 
185.8 
163.7 

90. 1 



189.0 



1 . 55 
. 69 
. 36 



3.0 


6. 9 


3.5 


5.8 


5.1 


2. 9 


1.6 


.6 


5. 5 


2.1 


i.o 


2.4 



77.9 
75.9 
74. 9 
50.8 
53 -t 
43. 7 



.93 



5.08 
4.80 

3. 65 
2.36 

4. 53 



28.9 
18.1 
20 .' 

8.0 

8.2 



3. 75 



2.84 
7 86 
2. 96 
3.04 
1.57 
-, 80 



3. 04 

. 86 
3.40 
.99 
1.39 
3. 05 



.90 
.99 
.92 
1.02 
.113 
.30 



19.8 



31.7 

15. 5 
21.2 
1 2. 9 
9 - 
12.2 



21.0 



12. 6 

21.0 
15.9 
10.5 

5.8 



14 v 



22. 

32. 3 

9.8 

5 ii 
3.0 



12.5 



30.0 
19.3 
10.2 

J 1 . 5 
7.4 
6.7 



211.9 



66.8 



17.2 
34. 3 
41.0 
36. 7 

29.4 
29 8 



1(15.4 
166.6 
103.4 
100.7 
90.4 
73.0 



29. 3 



111. 



46. 4 
52.1 
24. 2 

22! 8 

13.2 
13.9 



107.2 
loll. 7 
120.3 
101.8 
80. 5 
51. 7 



35. 4 



127.5 



is. 4 
18.9 
37.0 

12.0 
15.7 
13.2 



116.0 
126. 7 
119.9 
87. 5 
96.0 
.14.11 



19.6 

4.3 

8. 5 

2.' 3 
6. 2 



108.0 



39.6 

113.1 

93.4 
78.0 



91.2 



10. 
5. 7 
3.5 
2.9 
1.5 
3.7 



1 58. 8 
145.7 
111.4 
126. 1 
84.8 
98 7 



137.0 



214.5 
200.8 

20S. 1 
109. 1 
220. 8 
113.3 



202. 3 



267. 1 
419.7 
341. 1 
302. 4 
233.3 
146.6 



304. 



290. 8 
301.9 
299.7 

2S0. s 
190.3 
108. 



264.9 



385. 5 
457. 6 
370. 9 
382.4 
257.1 
205.0 



362. 1 



330. 

450.8 
449.8 
157. 7 
241.4 



369. 



417.9 
377. 3 
444.7 
431.4 
335.0 
338. 5 



398.9 



Auto 

theft 



: The rales for burglary and larceny are based on the reports of 3 ci1 

2 The rates for burglary and larceny are based on the reports »f 4S4 cities. 

' Includes the District of Columbia. 

* No cities in population group represented. 



12 

Offenses in Individual Cities With More Than 100,000 Inhabitants. 

The number of offenses reported as having been committed during 
the first 3 months of 1941 is shown in table 5. The compilation 
includes the reports received from police departments in cities with 
more than 100,000 inhabitants according to the 1940 decennial census. 
Such data are included here in order that interested individuals and 
organizations may have readily available up-to-date information 
concerning the amount of crime committed in their communities. 
Police administrators and other interested individuals will probably 
find it desirable to compare the crime rates of their cities with the 
average rates shown in tables 1 and 4 of this publication. Similarly, 
they will doubtless desire to make comparisons with the figures for 
their communities for prior periods, in order to determine whether 
there has been an increase or a decrease in the amount of crime 
committed. 

A great deal of caution should be exercised in comparing crime 
data for individual cities, because differences in the figures may be due 
to a variety of factors. The amount of crime committed in a com- 
munity is not solely chargeable to the police but is rather a charge 
against the entire community. The following is a list of some of the 
factors which might affect the amount of crime in a community: 

Population of the city and metropolitan area adjacent thereto. 
The composition of the population with reference particularly to 

age, sex, and race. 
The economic status and activities of the population. 
Climate. 

Educational, recreational, and religious facilities. 
The number of police employees per unit of population. 
The standards governing appointments to the police force. 
The policies of the prosecuting officials and the courts. 
The attitude of the public toward law-enforcement problems. 
The degree of efficiency of the local law-enforcement agency. 

Comparisons between the crime rates of individual cities should 
not be made without giving consideration to the above-mentioned 
factors. It is more important to determine whether the figures for a 
given community show increases or decreases in the amount of crime 
committed than to ascertain whether the figures are above or below 
those of some other community. 

In examining a compilation of crime figures for individual com- 
munities it should be borne in mind that in view of the fact that the 
data are compiled by different record departments operating under 
separate and distinct administrative systems, it is entirely possible 
I hat there may be variations in the practices employed in classifying 



13 

complaints of offenses. On the other hand, the crime-reporting hand- 
book has been distributed to all contributors of crime reports, and the 
figures received are included in this bulletin only if they apparently 
have been compiled in accordance with the provisions of the hand- 
book, and the individual department has so indicated. 

Table 5.- Number of offenses known to the poller, January to March, inclusive, 1941, 
cities over 100,000 in population 



City 



Akmn, Ohio 

Albany. X. V ... 

Atlanta, Oa 

Baltimore, McL. 
Birmingham, Ala. 



Boston, Mass 

Bridgeport, ("onn 

Buffalo, X. V 

Cambridge. M ass 
Camden, X. J 



Canton, Ohio 

Charlotte, X. C... 
Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Chicago, 111 

Cincinnati, Ohio 



Cleveland, Ohio_ 
Columbus, Ohio. 
Dallas, Tex 

Dayton, Ohio 

Denver, Colo 



Des Moines. Iowa 

I (etroit, Mich 

Duluth, Minn 

Elizabeth, X. J... 
Erie. Pa 



Fall River, Mass 

Flint, Mich 

Fort Wayne, Ind- 
Fort Worth, Tex 
Oary, Ind 



Grand Rapids, M ich 

Hartford, Conn . 

Honolulu, T. H 

Houston, Tex 

Indianapolis, Ind 



Jacksonville, Fla_. 
Jersey City, X. J... 
Kansas City, Kans. 
Kansas City, Mo. . 
Knoxville, Tenn 



Long Beach, Calif 
Los Angeles, Calif 
Louisville, Ky . . . 

Lowell. Mass 

Memphis, Tenn 



Miami, Fla 

Milw allkee. Wis 
Minneapolis, Minn 
Xashville, Tenn 
Xewark. X. J 



Xew Bedford, Mass 
\V\\ Haven, Conn 
New Orleans, La_. 
\cw Vork, X. V 
Xorfolk, Va 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 






Aggra- 


Robbery 


vated 




assault 


11 


12 j 


3 


2 1 


125 


r,r, 


90 


189 


45 


159 


58 


33 


3 


2 


23 


26 | 


10 


6 


17 


12 


13 


3 


19 


71 


24 


5< 


1,482 


298 


138 


38 


172 


23 


82 


is 


39 


68 1 


10 


10 


71 


14 


13 


7 


537 


234 


5 




6 


i 


3 


4 


3 


1 


13 


27 


8 


2 


10 


17 


52 


30 


3 


2 


5 


15 


3 


12 


74 


38 


132 


28 


65 


38 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 
or enter- 
ing 



Larceny — theft 



$50 and Under 

over $50 



215 
59 
691 
529 
543 

230 
72 
143 
101 
34 

53 
174 
161 

2, 455 
460 

492 
454 
176 
222 
289 



35 

9 

181 

180 



137 

41 

52 

6 

28 

38 
47 
29 
846 
138 

56 
76 
50 
IB 
70 



11 15 
176 
80 
283 

117 

133 
L85 
311 



386 147 

Complete data not received 



Ml 


19 


95 


11 


4 


X] 


15 


3 


566 


107 


108 


91 


3 




126 


158 


111 


86 


20 


19 


in 


6 


35 


74 


50 


98 


■' 




4 


2 


32 


SO 


330 


609 


24 


52 



132 
236 
117 

250 
2,642 

oil 

37 

317 

417 
131 
388 
254 

137 
2112 
L69 
2. 165 
193 



34 

His 



58 
1, 129 

171 

8 

103 

163 

59 
130 

77 
128 

22 
67 

1N4 

0) 



307 

67 

1,260 

1.201 
487 

497 
284 
229 
105 
101 

269 

423 

377 

2, 705 

1,251 

1.907 
831 

2, 228 
389 

994 



118 


43 


336 


1,708 


308 


6,041 


101 


23 


191 


75 


15 


95 


59 


14 


129 



'.IS 

352 
406 
980 
227 

His 
398 
562 
1,841 
471 

756 

268 
790 
287 

364 

6.509 

win 



710 
391 
651 

228 
255 
181 

4. 143 
537 



14 

Table 5.- -Number of offenses known to the police, January to March, inclusive, 1941, 
cities over 100,000 in population — Continued 



City 



Oakland. Calif 

Oklahoma City, Okla. 
Omaha, NTebr. 

Paterson, X. J 

Peoria, 111 



Philadelphia, Pa. 
Pittsburgh, Pa... 
Portland, Oreg. _ 
Providence, R. I. 
Reading, Pa 



Richmond, Va 

Rochester, N. Y_. 
Sacramento, Calif. 

St. Louis, Mo 

St. Paul, Minn.... 



Salt Lake City, Utah. 

San Antonio, Tex 

San Diego, Calif 

San Francisco, Calif... 
Scranton, Pa 



Seattle. Wash 

Somerville, Mass. 
South Bend, Ind_. 
Spokane, Wash. . 
Springfield, Mass. 



Syracuse, X. Y. 
Tacoma, Wash- 
Tampa. Fla 

Toledo, Ohio... 
Trenton. X. J__ 



Tulsa, Okla 

Utica, X. Y 

Wa-hington. D. C. 

Wichita, Kans 

Wilmington. Del... 



Worcester, Mass... 

Yonkers, X. Y 

Youngstown, Ohio. 



Murder, 

nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



Robbery 



280 



36 
10 
41 
123 
26 

15 
35 
39 

187 
6 

60 
2 
9 

14 
2 

3 

27 

22 

42 

6 

75 

2 

199 

5 

10 

18 

2 

37 



Aggra- 
vated 
assaull 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 
or enter- 
ing 



Larceny — theft 



$50 and 
over 



368 

217 
114 
146 
76 



171 1,042 

No reports received 



13 


564 


5 


145 


4 


85 ! 


78 


221 


14 


130 


7 


258 


17 


725 


4 


206 


10 


207 


1 1 


233 


14 


264 


84 


641 


13 


68 


10 


730 


1 


75 


2 


99 


10 


141 


4 


68 


3 


125 


6 


114 


16 


152 


33 


274 


12 


184 


20 


164 


2 


27 


711 


703 


6 


82 


4 


130 


3 


208 


< 


42 


22 


150 



267 

175 
47 
15 



34 
47 
0) 



66 
68 
95 
137 

13 



223 
120 

175 



1. 197 
180 
126 

631 
309 
597 
2.068 
426 

486 

688 

691 

1.636 

86 

1,045 

58 

239 

392 

192 

162 
370 
428 

678 
204 

610 

115 

1.793 

308 

240 

230 
65 

247 



Aut<< 
theft 



142 

84 



208 



13." 
9li 
102 
23D 
71 



70 
240 
656 

47 

300 
33 
80 

53 



81 
100 

44 
164 

i'.: 



606 

21 

71 

101 

23 

Hi' 



1 Larcenies not separately reported. Figure listed includes both major and minor larcenies. 

Offenses Known to Sheriffs, State Police, and Other Rural Officers, 1941, 

In compiling- and publishing - national crime data, the Federal 
Bureau of Investigation distinguishes between urban and rural 
crimes. The figures presented in the preceding tables are based on 
reports from a large majority of the agencies policing urban areas 
(places with 2,500 or more inhabitants!. ComprehensiYe data 
regarding rural crimes are not vet available, but the information on 
band is shown in table (i. which is based on reports from 1,176 sheriffs. 
95 police agencies in rural villages, and 9 State police organizations. 



15 



Table 6.— Offenses known, January to March, inclusive, 1941, as reported by 1,176 

sheriffs, 9 Slate police organizations, aiui 95 village officers 



Offenses known- 



Criminal homicide 



Murder, 
nonneg- 

ligent 

man- 
slaughter 



28 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 

negli- 

ei iu e 



Rape 



Rob- 
bery 



949 



vated 

assault 



1,619 



Bur- 
glarj 
breaking 

ing 



7. 652 



Lar- 
ceny 
thefl 



\lltO 

theft 



2. 706 



Offenses Known in Territories and Possessions of the United States. 

There are presented in table 7 the available data concerning crimes 
committed in Territories and possessions of the United States. In- 
cluded are the figures taken from reports received from the four 
judicial divisions of Alaska; the city of Honolulu and the counties of 
Honolulu, Hawaii, and Kauai in the Territory of Hawaii; the Isthmus 
of Panama, C. Z. ; and Puerto Rico. The tabulation is based on 
offenses reported by law-enforcement officials policing both the urban 
and rural areas. 



Table 7. — Number of offenses known in United States Territories and possessions, 

January to March, inclusive, 19/ f l 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Jurisdiction reporting 


Murder. 
nonneg- 

ligctit 
man- 
slaughter 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 

assault 

4 

1 
1 


Bur 
glarj 

breaking 

or enter- 
ing 


Larcen 

Over 

$50 


y— theft 

Under 

$50 


Auto 

theft 


Alaska: 

First judicial division (Juneau), popu- 
lation, 25,241: number ol offenses 
known 






1 
11 


4 
2 
6 

2 

4 
51 
4 

12 
36 


5 




Second judicial division ( Komi 
ulation, 11,877; number of off< uses 
known 




2 




Third judicial division (Valdez), pop- 
ulation, 19,312; number of offenses 

KHOWH. . ._ . 




3 

8 

72 
562 
56 

176 
733 


2 


Fourth judicial division | Fairbanks), 
population, 16,094; number of of- 
fenses known 


_ 




1 

16 

311 
32 
10 

v 

198 




Hawaii: 

Hawaii County, population, 73,276; 
number of offenses known 


1 


3 


4 

2 
3 

536 


1 


Honolulu City, population, L79.358; 
number of offenses known 




Honolulu County, population, 78,898; 
number of offenses known 




14 


Kauai County, population, 35,818; 
number of offenses known 
Isthmus of Panama: Canal Zone, popula- 
tion, 51,827; number of offenses known. 
Puerto Rico: Population. 1,869,255; num- 
ber of offenses known . . . 


1 
titi 


5 


3! 

2V) 







316021°— 41- 



ANNUAL REPORTS, 1940 

Last year arrests were made in 28.1 percent of the offenses reported 
to police departments. There was a fairly wide range, however, in 
the proportion of offenses cleared by arrest for individual offense 
classifications. For crimes against the person, the offenders were 
arrested in 76.6 percent of the cases while for offenses against property 
the proportion of offenses cleared by arrest amounted to 26.3 percent. 

Criminal homicides cleared ranked highest, with arrests made in 
88.7 percent of the offenses of murder and nonnegiligent manslaughter 
and in 83.4 percent of the manslaughters by negligence. Most of 
the felonious assault cases were likewise cleared; for offenses of rape 
the percentage was 79.4 and for other aggravated assaults, 73.7. 
The percentage of clearances for crimes against property was consider- 
ably lower. The figures for individual offenses are as follows: Rob- 
bery, 41.8 percent; burglary, 33.1 percent; auto theft, 23.8 percent; 
and larceny, 23.4 percent. 

The preceding figures are based upon the reports received from 
1,212 cities in the United States with a combined population of 
41,146,894. The total offenses of the types referred to in the pre- 
ceding paragraphs committed in these cities was 609,510. Of the 
22,297 offenses against the person, 17,080 were cleared by the arrest 
ol 17,845 individuals; and of the 587,213 offenses against property, 
154,347 were cleared by the arrest of 115,994 persons. 

More comprehensive information concerning the number of crimes 
known to have been committed is based on monthly reports, and 
such data for the calendar year 1940 have been presented in volume 
XI, No. 4. Supplementing the information, annual crime reports 
are received showing the number of crimes disposed of by arrest, and 
the number of persons arrested, together with figures indicating the 
number found guilty. 

In order to obtain the highest possible degree of uniformity in the 
data published, each annual report was carefully examined. If any 
portion of the report appeared unusual or if entries were noted indi- 
cating that the report was improperly prepared, a letter was forwarded 
to the contributing law-enforcement agency in an effort to ascertain 
the reason therefore and to obtain a corrected report. In this con- 
nection, it may be observed that letters were written to police depart- 
ments whose reports were included in the tabulations in this issue of 
the bulletin in a large number of instances. Letters were written 
to the police departments in 16 of the 26 cities having a population in 

(16) 



17 

excess of 250,000; in 26 of the 41 cities with a population of 100,000 
to 250.000; in 40 of the 69 cities between 50,000 and 100,000; and in 
78 of the 125 cities of from 25,000 to 50.000 in population. No 
reports were included in the tabulations concerning offenses known 
to the police unless they had apparently been compiled according to 
the uniform crime reporting standards and the police department had 
so indicated. 

To assist in obtaining uniformity in the published data question- 
naires were distributed with the report forms: and in practically all 
instances they were properly executed by the contributing law-enforce- 
ment agencies, indicating the nature of the data presented on the 
annual returns. The questionnaire related to the several phases of 
the annual reports, and in many cases communications subsequently 
forwarded to the contributing agencies were based on the replies to 
the questionnaire. 

Xo reports were included in the following tabulations unless the 
contributing law-enforcement agency indicated that the figures con- 
cerning - offenses known to (In 1 police were based on records of crimes 
and complaints of crimes, and included all offenses brought to the 
attention of the police. Similarly, the law-enforcement agencies 
represented in the following tabulations indicated that the figures on 
their annual reports concerning offenses cleared by arrest were properly 
distinguished from data showing the number of persons arrested. 

Of the police departments in cities with population in excess of 
25,000 represented in the compilations showing persons charged (held 
for prosecution), all except eight advised their reports reflected the 
number of persons arrested rather than the number of charges placed 
against the persons arrested; i. e., if on the occasion of a single arrest 
a person was charged with burglary and larceny, he was counted as 
only one person arrested, the entry being made opposite burglary. 
If the same person was arrested on different occasions, however, each 
case was counted as a separate arrest. 

In examining the arrest reports received from police departments 
in cities with more than 25,000 inhabitants, it appeared that the 
greatest lack of uniformity was in the policy of the department with 
reference to the inclusion of juveniles taken into custody. All or 
some of the juveniles arrested were included in 91 percent of the 
reports received; all juveniles were said to be included in 82 percent 
of the reports. 

It was found that 96 percent of (he departments including juvenile 
arrests in their reports properly recorded them opposite the classifi- 
cation embracing tin 1 violation involved (i. e.. robbery, auto theft, 
etc.). regardless of the technical charge such as "juvenile delinquency" 
placed against the juvenile at the time of arrest. The remaining 4 



18 

percent of the reports included juvenile arrests opposite "all other 
offenses." 

The selection of reports for inclusion in the tabulation concerning 
persons found guilty presented a further problem, in that an examina- 
tion of the reports disclosed that in a large number of them the figures 
representing persons found guilty in fact merely represented disposi- 
tion at preliminary hearings. The information presented in tables 
13 and 14 was limited to reports in which it appeared that the entries 
for persons found guilty represented the final disposition of the charges 
placed against persons arrested. 

Offenses Cleared by Arrest, 1940. 

The arrest of one individual in many instances will render several 
offenses cleared by arrest. On the other hand, the arrest of several 
persons may clear only one offense. Therefore, in examining the 
data presented in the tabulations which follow it must be remembered 
that there is a distinct difference, under the system of uniform crime 
reporting, between offenses cleared by arrest and persons arrested. 

Generally an offense is treated as cleared by arrest when one or 
more of the offenders involved in its commission have been taken 
into custody and made available for prosecution. All persons involved 
need not be arrested in order to clear the offense. 

In the following tables the figures reflecting offenses "cleared by 
arrest" include some cases treated as cleared through exceptional 
circumstances although no arrest was made. An offense may be 
cleared, for example, by the suicide of the offender, or perhaps the 
person responsible is in custody in another jurisdiction and not available 
for local prosecution. The general requisites of an "exceptional clear- 
ance" are that the identity and whereabouts of the offender are known 
to the police but for reasons beyond their control it is not possible to 
make him available for prosecution in the local jurisdiction. Cases 
in which the stolen property has been recovered but no arrests made 
are not considered cleared. 

In table 8 figures are presented concerning the number of offenses 
committed, the number cleared by arrest, and the percentage of 
offenses cleared by arrest as reflected in the annual reports of the 
cities represented. The data are presented for six different groups of 
cities divided according to size, in order that interested individuals may 
compare available local data of this type with national averages for 
cities of any population group, as well as with averages for cities of 
all sizes. 

The percentage of offenses of auto theft listed as cleared by arrest 
for the groups of smaller cities is somewhat higher than for the groups 
of larger cities. Although the figures may accurately represent the 
relative proportion of offenses of auto theft cleared by arrest, it is 



19 

possible that the reports received from the police departments in the 
smaller cities are less accurate in this regard than those received from 
the police departments in the larger communities. For example, 

in a very limited number o\^ instances it has been indicated thai in 
cases where the automobile has been recovered the offense has been 
listed as cleared, even though the offender involved was not taken 
into custody. Efforts have been made, however, to eliminate all such 
instances from the reports used in the tabulations. 

Although the percentage of auto thefts listed as cleared by arrest 
is relatively small, the reports received from police departments for 
several years have consistently reflected more than 90 percent of 
stolen automobiles recovered. Detailed tabulations concerning the 
recovery of stolen property for last year may he found in volume 
XI, No. 4 of this publication. It should be mentioned that figures for 
auto theft offenses include many so-called "joy-riding" cases, wherein 
the automobile reported stolen is found abandoned ami undamaged 
in another section of the city a. short while after the report of the 
theft. The circumstances of such cases make it extremely difficult 
To effect arrests. 



20 



Table 8. — Offenses known, offenses cleared by arrest, and percentage of offenses 
cleared by arrest, 1940, by population groups 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Criminal 
homicide 


Rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 

as- 
sault 


Bur- 
glary- 
break - 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 


Lar- 

cenv — 1 

theft 




Population group 


Murder 
aonneg- 

ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 


Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 


Auto 
theft 


GROUP I 


















26 cities over 250,000; total popula- 
tion, 17,537,966: 

Number of offenses known 

Number cleared bv arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest 


1,102 
974 

88.4 


623 

533 

85.6 


1,726 
1,273 

73.8 


15, 167 
6,301 

41.5 


7, 455 
5,172 
69.4 


55. 673 

19, 487 

35.0 


155, 165 

33.010 

21.3 


31,632 

6, 515 

20.6 


GROUP II 


















41 cities, 100,000 to 250,000; total 
population, 5,930,144: 
Number of offenses known 
Number cleared by arrest. . - 
Percentage cleared by arrest- .. 


285 

254 

89.1 


344 

292 

84.9 


471 

370 

78.6 


2,524 
1, 035 

41.0 


2, 592 
1.776 
68. 5 


22, 974 

6.340 

27.6 


62, 933 

14, 155 

22.5 


12,076 

3,005 

24.9 


GROUP III 


















69 cities, 50,000 to 100,000; total 
population, 4,869.049: 
Number of offenses known - . 

Number cleared bv arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest 


275 

236 

85.8 


214 

170 

79.4 


366 

314 

85.8 


1,864 

846 

45.4 


2,752 

2.195 
79.8 


18,205 

6,026 

33.1 


50. 939 

12. 659 

24.9 


8,199 
1,849 
22.6 


GROUP IV 


















125 cities, 25,000 to 50,000: total 
population, 4,395,633: 
Number of offenses known 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest 


121 

113 

93.4 


158 

108 

68.4 


261 

224 

85.8 


1, 112 

445 
40.0 


934 

761 

81.5 


12. 748 

4,005 

31.4 


40, 847 

9,277 

22.7 


6,370 
1,375 
21. 6 


GROUP V 


















321 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; total 
population, 4,938.028: 

Number of offenses known 

Number cleared bv arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest 


147 

137 

93.2 


111 

101 

91.0 


327 
296 

90.5 


1. 229 
485 
39.5 


973 

848 
87.2 


12, 618 

4,297 

34.1 


36,664 

10, 259 

28.0 


5.813 
1,988 
34.2 


GROUP VI 


















630 cities under 10,000; total popu- 
ation, 3,476,074: 
Number of offenses known. - 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest 


99 

86 

86.9 


77 

69 

89.6 


244 

220 

90.2 


667 
310 

46. 5 


640 
558 

87.2 


7,915 
2,946 
37.2 


20,633 

6,455 

31.3 


3.246 
1.277 
39.3 


TOTAL, GROUPS I- VI 


















1,212 cities; total population, 
41,146,894: 

Number of offenses known 

Number cleared by arrest _ 

Percentage cleared by arrest 


















2,029 
1,800 
88.7 


1,527 
1,273 
83.4 


3,395 

2,697 

79.4 


22, 563 

9,422 

41.8 


15, 346 

11.310 
73.7 


130, 133 

43. 101 

33.1 


367, 181 
85,815 

23.4 


67, 336 

16,009 

23.8 



21 

The number of persons arrested and charged with crimes against 
the person is frequently found to equal or exceed the number of such 
offenses cleared by arrest. This is probably attributable in part to 
the fact that because of the serious nature of such crimes they un- 
doubtedly receive more thorough investigative attention. In other 
words, when an offense of criminal homicide, rape, or aggravated 
assault becomes known to the police, special efforts are exerted to 
arrest all persons involved; and persons charged with being acces- 
sories to crimes are included with those charged with the substantive 
offense. 

In examining the figures for manslaughter by negligence as pre- 
sented in table 9, it is seen that for most groups of cities the number 
of persons arrested exceeds the number of offenses cleared. Persons 
arrested for such offenses in several instances even exceed the number 
of offenses committed. This is undoubtedly due, in part at least, to 
the practice of some police departments of arresting and formally 
charging with manslaughter all drivers of vehicles involved in traffic 
fatalities pending the outcome of the investigation. The subsequent 
investigation of the death, in many instances, indicates that it was 
primarily attributable to the negligence of the victim, and for that 
reason it was not classified as an actual offense of manslaughter by 
negligence. 

For offenses against property (robbery, burglary, larceny, and auto 
theft) the number of offenses cleared is generally considerably in 
excess of the number of persons eharged with the crimes. Quite often 
the police arrest one individual, and by questioning him and investi- 
gating his activities, clear a number of previously unsolved cases. A 
study of available information concerning the activities of recidivists 
discloses a tendency on the pail of the criminal to repeat the same 
type of offense. The fact that this is particularly true with reference 
to persons committing crimes against property is probably a contrib- 
uting factor in explaining the large proportion of offenses against 
property cleared in comparison with persons charged. 

In connection with (he foregoing, many police departments main- 
tain indices relating to unsolved eases. The index cards are sub- 
divided so as to facilitate the selection of eases to be used in ques- 
i ioning a suspect. 

In table <) data are presented showing the relationship between 
offenses committed, offenses cleared by arrest, and persons arrested 
and held for prosecution. To indicate the manner in which the 
figures in the table should be interpreted it may be noted that for 
group 1 cities, in an average group of 100 offenses of rape, 73 were 
cleared by the arrest of 7!) persons. Likewise, for each 100 offenses of 
burglary — breaking or entering, 35 were cleared by the arrest of 21 
persons. 



22 



Table 9. — Offenses known, offenses chared by arrest, and persons charged (held for 
prosecution) , 1940, by population groups — nvmber per 100 known offenses 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Population group 



Criminal 
homicide 



Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



Man- Rape 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



Rob- 
bery 



Aggra- 
vated 



sault 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 



OEorp i 

26 cities over 250,000; total popula- 
tion, 17,537,966: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Persons charged 

GROUP II 

41 cities, 100,000 to 250,000; total 
population, 5,930,144: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Persons charged^ 



total 



c.Rorp m 

9 cities. 50,000 to 100,000: 
population, 4,869,049: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest. 
Persons charged 



GROUP IV 

125 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; total 
population, 4,395,633: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Person s cha rgei 1 



321 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; total 
population, 4,938,028: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Persons charged 



630 cities under 10.000: total popula 
tion, 3,476,074: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest. _. 
Persons charged _ 

TOTAL, GROUPS I-VI 

l,212cities; total population, 41,146. 
894: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Persons charged 



100.0 
88.4 
85.6 



100. 
89.1 
94.7 



100. 
85. S 
St 7 



100.0 
93.4 
98.3 



100. 
93.2 

86.4 



100.0 
86.9 
71.7 



100. 
85.6 
169. 2 



100.0 
84.9 
85. 5 



100.0 
79. 1 
87.9 



100. 
68.4 
65 8 



100. 
91.0 
98.2 



100.0 
89.6 
100.0 



100.0 

7:;. 8 
79.0 



100.0 
78.6 
73.9 



100.0 
85.8 
85. 8 



100.0 
85.8 
90.8 



100.0 
90. 5 
82.0 



100. 
90.2 
88.1 



100. 
41.5 
31.8 



100. 
41.0 
42.4 



100.0 
45.4 
16. 1 



I I 

10.0 
43.9 



100.0 
39.5 
46.3 



100.0 
46.5 
47.7 



100.0 
69.4 
69.4 



100.0 
68 5 
65. 5 



86.6 



100.0 
81.5 
82.9 



100.0 
87. 2 



100.0 
87.2 
94.5 



100.0 
35.0 
21. 5 



100.0 
27.6 
18.8 



100.0 
33.1 
21. 5 



100. 
31.4 

21.3 



100.0 
34.1 
24.5 



100.0 
37. 2 
31.6 



100.0 
21.3 
17.5 



100. 
22.5 
17.8 



100.0 
24.9 
18.3 



loo. o 

22. 7 
17.7 



100. 
28. 
19.3 



100.0 
31.3 
23.7 



100.0 
88.7 
86.9 



100.0 
83. I 

1 19. 6 



100. 
79.4 
80.9 



100.0 
41.8 
36.0 



100.0 

73.7 
75.0 



100.0 
33.1 
21.9 



100. 
23.4 
18.2 



23 




24 




JO 

Persons Charged (Held for Prosecution) , 1940. 

The 1940 annual reports received from police departments showed 
that the great majority (7o.11 percent) of the persons charged were 
held for prosecution because of some violation of a motor vehicle or 
traffic law. Excluding persons charged with traffic violations, how- 
ever, it was found that 43.95 percent of the resl were charged with 
drunkenness and 11.37 percent with disorderly conduct. In other 
words, over half of the persons arrested last year, exclusive of traffic 
violators, were charged with drunkenness or disorderly conduct. 

Persons numbering 5,349,563 were arrested (including persons who 
responded to traffic tickets) by the police in the 1 .212 cities represented 
in table 11. The total population represented by these cities is 41,- 
146.894. Although the majority of the persons charged were pro- 
ceeded against for comparatively minor violations, many arrests were 
for serious crimes as reflected in the following figures: 



Embezzlement and fraud- 8, 723 

Stolen property (receiving, etc.). 3, 7.">fi 

Forgery and counterfeiting 4,989 

Rape 2, 745 

Narcotic drug laws 1. ( .)42 

Weapons 5, 866 



Murder 1. 7t»3 

Manslaughter by negligence 1. 826 

Robbery 8, 127 

Aggravated assault 1 1 . •"> 1 ] 

Burglary 28, 525 

Larceny 66, 838 

Auto theft 12. 504 

The number of persons charged by the police per unit of population 
varies considerably according to size of city for several offense classi- 
fications. For example, it is found that the number of persons arrested 
for criminal homicide and robbery per 100,000 inhabitants in the cities 
over 100.000 in population is more than double the corresponding 
figures for the smaller communities. Similarly, arrests per unit of 
population for prostitution and commercialized vice in the larger 
cities greatly exceed the rate for the smaller places, and the same is 
true with reference to narcotic violations and gambling. On the other 
hand, the police departments in the smaller cities reported a consider- 
ably larger number of persons arrested per unit of population for 
driving- while intoxicated than police departments in cities over 
100,000 in population. 

Figures concerning persons charged compiled from annual crime 
reports forwarded to the Federal Bureau of Investigation are presented 
in tables 10 and 11. In table 10 data are presented indicating the 
percentage distribution of persons charged during 1940. and table 11 
shows the number charged and the rate per 100.000 inhabitants for 
six groups of cities divided according to size. Such information is 
valuable to persons interested in comparing local figures concerning 
persons arrested with national averages for cities of the same size. 
in addition, the tabulation furnishes some basis for estimating the 
number of minor crimes committed; however, it should be borne in 
mind that the rules for scoring the number of items to be reported 



26 

concerning persons charged are not the same as those for scoring the 
number ot offenses known to have been committed. To illustrate: 
If two persons, acting jointly, rob a business place and both of the 
offenders are arrested and charged with robbery, the offense report 
(return B) will show one robbery committed and one robbery cleared 
by arrest, while the arrest report (return C) will show two persons 
arrested and charged with robbery. Similarly, if one person steals 
four automobiles, four offenses of this type will be reported on the 
annual offense report; and if he is taken into custody the offense 
report will also show four auto thefts cleared by arrest, but the 
arrest report will reflect one person arrested and held for prosecution 
opposite the auto theft classification. 

In a very small number of instances the reports received from police 
agencies included the data for two or more classifications in a single 
figure. In such cases the arrests were distributed among the several 
classifications in the ratio in which they appeared in the reports 
received from the remaining police agencies in the same population 
group. 

As previously shown, 9 to 18 percent of the police departments in 
cities with population in excess of 25,000 indicated that their annual 
arrest reports did not include all or part of the juveniles arrested. 
Since youthful offenders are frequently involved in offenses against 
property, it is apparent that the figures in tables 10 and 11 are 
quite conservative. 

Table 10. — Percentage distribution of persons charged (held for prosecution), 
1940 {1,212 cities; total population, 41,146,894) 



Offense charged 



Percent 



Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent man- 
slaughter 0.03 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence .03 

Robbery .15 

Aggravated assault .21 

Other assaults .92 

Burglary — breaking or entering _ . 51 

Larceny— theft 1.20 

Auto theft .23 

Embezzlement and fraud . 16 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, pos- 
sessing 07 

Forgery and counterfeiting .09 

Rape .05 



Offense charged 



Percent 



Prostitution and commercialized vice.. 
Other sex offenses. __ 
Narcotic drug laws___ 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Offenses against the family and children. 

Liquor laws 

Driving while intoxicated. .. 

Traffic and motor vehicle laws 

Disorderly conduct 

Drunkenness 

Vagrancy 

Gambling 

All other offenses 



Total. 



100.00 



■1( 



Table 11.— Persons charged {held for prosecution), 1940, number and raU per 
100,000 inhabitants, by population groups 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Group 1 Groupll Group III, Group IV Group V 



i 1 tii nse charged 



Criminal homicide: 

a) Murder and nonnegli- 
gent manslaughter: 
Number of persons 

charged 

Rate per 100,000-. 
' Manslaughter by neg- 
ligence: 
Number of persons 
charged .... 

Kate per 100,000 

Robberj : 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Aggravated assault: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

assaults: 
Number of persons charged. 

Kate per 100.000 

Burglary — breaking or enter: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Larceny— theft: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Auto theft: 

Number of persons chareed. 

Rate per 100,000 
Embezzlement and fraud: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Stolen property; buying, re- 
ceiving, possessing: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 
Forgery and counterfeiting: 

Numbi r of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Rape: 

Number of persons charged 

Rati per iiio.ooo ... 

Prostitution and commercial: 
ized vice: 

Number of persons charged 

Kate per 100,000.. __ 
-• . offenses (except rape and 
prostitution): 

N umber of persons ch arged 

Rate per 100,000 

Narcotic drug laws: 

Number of persons charged 

Kate per 100,000 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, 
etc.: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Offenses against family and 
children: 

Number Of persons charted. 

Kate per 100,000 

Liquor laws: 

Number of persons charged. 

Kate per 100,000 

, driving while intoxicated: 

N umber of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Traffic and motor vehicle laws: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100.000 



ti uties S9 nii: 3 ' .:- -Sties 37,1 . Hi: s 



over 1 1 m ).< h ii 1 1 < > 
.'.-,0.000: 250,000; 
popula- popula- 
tion, lion, 
17,537,966 5.930,144 



.-,0.0011 to 

100,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
1,869,049 



25,000 to 
50,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
4,395,633 



10,000 to 
25, : 

popula- 
tion, 

4,938,028 



Group VI 



630 cities, 

under 
lo.ooo: 

popula- 
tion, 

3,476,074 



Total, 
1,212 

total 
popula- 
tion, 
11,146,894 



943 
5.4 


270 

4.0 


233 
4.8 


119 

2. 7 


127 
2.6 


71 
2.0 


1.703 

4.3 


1,054 
6.0 


2! M 
:>. 


188 
3. 9 


104 
2.4 


109 

2. 2 


77 
2. 2 


1 . 826 

4.4 


4. M0 
27. 5 


1,071 

IS. 1 


36J 
17.8 


488 
11. 1 


569 
11.5 


31S 
9.1 


-. 127 
• 


5, 170 


1,699 

28 7 


- 
48. 9 


774 
17.0 


874 

17.7 


605 

17.4 


11.511 
28.0 


20. in; 

114.7 


9,468 

159.7 


8, 473 
174.0 


5, 408 
123. 


5,330 
107.9 


2,659 

70. 5 


51.454 


11,983 

- 


4. 325 

72. 11 


3,916 

80. 4 


2,715 
61.8 


3,088 

62. 5 


2. 498 
71.9 


69 3 


27. 162 
154 '• 


11, 186 
188 6 


9,310 

191.2 


7.220 
104. 3 


7.000 
143.0 


1.000 

141.0 


, 6, i 8 
162. 4 


: i8i 

30. 7 


1,876 
31.6 


1,383 


1,092 

- 


1 . 574 
31.9 


1. 193 
34. 3 


12. .504 
30.4 


4. 489 

-■ 1 


1,270 
21.4 


937 

19.5 


633 

14.4 


H27 
18.8 


407 
13.4 


- -. 723 
21.2 


1. 760 
10.0 


581 

• 


373 

7.7 


417 
9.5 


314 
0.4 


311 

8.9 


;. 756 
9.1 


1,713 

- 


865 

14.0 


01 5 
1 2. 6 


•',24 
14.2 


646 

13.1 


526 

15.1 


4. 989 

12. 1 


1,363 

7. 8 


348 
.".. 9 


314 

0.4 


237 
5.4 


268 

5.4 


215 
6. 2 


2, 745 
0.7 


26, 278 
149.8 


0. SO! 

114.7 


1 , 734 
35. 6 


1. 658 
35. 4 


-52 
17.3 


254 
7.3 


37.477 
91.1 


5, 163 
29. 4 


1,694 

28. 6 


1,374 
28. 2 


1. 188 

27.0 


915 

IS. 5 


398 
11.4 


10.732 
26. 1 


1,346 


Ji- 
ll 7 


238 

4.9 


51 
1.2 


50 
1.0 


39 
1.1 


4.7 


2.70V 
15.4 


913 
15.4 


921 
18.9 


472 
10.7 


561 

11.4 


291 

8.4 


5,866 

14.3 


' 9, -47 
57. 1 


:•;. 832 

07. 1 


- 2. 102 
43. - 


2.01-0 
4 7. 5 


1,686 

34. 1 


•173 
19.4 


' 20. 230 


6,961 

39.7 


1. 935 
83.2 


4,600 

M4. 5 


1 . 839 

11- 


1.701 
35. 7 


772 
22.2 


20,868 
50. 7 


12.102 
69 3 


5, 283 

89 1 


6, 252 
128.4 


128.0 


7.212 
140. 1 


165. i 


12. 274 
102. 7 


2. 119, 182 

13.310.0 


634,813 
|<>11,359.9 


155,991 

9, 365. 1 


288, 1 88 
116,667. 1 


234. 720 
4. 753. 4 


121.571 
3, 583. 7 


3.-57.471 

■ 



See footnotes at end of table. 



28 



Table 11.- 



-Persons charged (held for prosecution), 1940, number and rate per 
100,000 inhabitants, by population groups — Continued 





Group I 


Group 11 


Group III 


Group IV 


Group V Group VI 


Total, 
















1,212 




26 cities 


41 cities, 


fill I'll ics. 


125 cities, 


321 cities, 


630 cities 


cities: 


Offense charged 


over 


100,000 to 


50,000 to 


25,000 to 


10,000 to 


under 


total 




250,000: 


250,000; 


100,000; 


50,000; 


25,000; 


10,000; 


popula- 




popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popular 


popula- 


popula- 


tion, 




tion, 


tion, 


tion, 


tion, 


tion, 


tion. 


41.146,894 




17,537,966 


5.930,111 


4,869,049 


4,395,633 


4,938.028 


3.476,074 




Disorderly conducl - 
















N limber of persons charged. 


82, 60S 


20, 264 


21.444 


14, 869 


18, 598 


11,939 


169, 719 


Rate per 100.000 


471.0 


341. ; 


440.4 


338.3 


376.6 


343.5 


412. 5 


Drunkenness: 
















Number of persons charged . 


MOO. 740 


115,899 


76, 309 


55, 031 


66, 101 


41, 694 


655, 774 


Rate per 100,000 


1.714. S 


1,954. 4 


1, 567. 2 


1, 251. 9 


1, 338. 6 


1, 199. 5 


1, 593. 7 


Number of persons charged 


38, 512 


21, 125 


11,491 


6,921 


9,029 


6,209 


93, 287 


Rate per 100,000 


219.6 


356. 2 


236.0 


157.5 


182.8 


178.6 


226.7 


Gambling: 
















Number of persons charged . 


40, 385 


11, 084 


7, 395 


3,620 


3,519 


1,589 


67, 592 


Rate per 100,000 


230.3 


186.9 


151.9 


82.4 


71.3 


45.7 


164.3 


All other offenses: 
















N umber of persons charged 


64, 160 


30. 018 


27, 065 


18, 573 


15,090 


8,664 


163, 570 


Rate per 100,000 


365. S 


506. 2 


555 9 


422. 5 


305.6 


249.2 


397.5 







1-12 The number of persons charged and the rate are based on the reports from the number of cities 
indicated below: 



Footnote 



1 
2 
3 
4 



68 
1,211 

40 
1.211 



Population 


Footnote 


Cities 


4. 801, 216 

41.079.061 

5, 821, 743 
41.03s. 193 


5 

6 

7 

* 8 


25 

39 

68 

1,208 



Population 



17, 243. 232 
5, 706, 777 
4.801.216 

40,560,960 



Footnote 


Cities 


9 


25 i 


10 


39 


1 11 


123 


12 

1 


1.207 



Population 



15,914.514 
5, 588. 211 
4. 322. 564 

39, 108. 440 



Aii analysis of the figures concerning persons charged with traffic 
violations last year discloses that 65 percent of them had violated 
some parking regulation. Twenty-seven percent of the persons 
arrested for traffic infractions were proceeded against for violation of 
road and driving laws with respect to the proper handling of a motor 
vehicle in order to prevent accidents, such as failure to obey traffic- 
signals, improper speed, reckless driving, and operating with unsafe 
equipment. The remaining 8 percent were charged with violating 
some other type of traffic or motor vehicle law, such as driving without 
a permit, improper title, and obscure or defective markers. 

The detailed figures for six groups of cities divided according to size 
are presented in table 12 and, as will be seen, the number of persons 
charged with traffic violations per 100,000 inhabitants in the larger 
cities greatly exceeds figures for the smaller communities. This 
would normally be expected, as it is generally recognized that the 
regulation of traffic in the larger cities presents a more complex problem 
than it does in the smaller communities. 



29 



Table 12. Persons charged (held for prosecution), traffic violations, except driving 
whih intoxicated, 1940; number and rate per 100,000 inhabitants, by population 
groups 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Offense charged 



Group 1 



22 cities 
over 

2.511,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

12.H1 0.307 



Road and driving laws: 

Number of persons 

charged 596, 702 

Rate per 100,000... 4. 731. 

Parking violations: 

Number of persons 

charged 1,076,939 

Kate per 100,000 8,540. 1 

Other traffic and motor- 
vehicle laws: 
Number of persons 

charged 176,327 

Rate per 100,000 1,398.3 



Group II Group III 



25 cities, 

100,000 to 
250.000; 
popula- 
tion, 

3,434,679 



55, 106 

1.004. -1 



303, 286 
s. 830. 1 



13,923 

to:.. 4 



19 cities, 

50.000 to 
100,000, 
popula- 
tion, 

3.453.781 



56, 709 
1,641.9 



203.010 
7, 615. 1 



18,001 
521. 2 



Group 1\ 



s> cities, 

25,00(1 to 

50,000; 
popula- 
tion, 

3,070,677 



Group V 



32, 851 

1.009.8 



157. 254 
5, 121. 2 



13.352 
434. 8 



247 cities, 
10,0011 to 

25,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
3,815,648 



49, 633 

1.300. S 



117. '.His 
3.000. 1 



11.725 
307.3 



Group VI 



4 ; : it lis 

under 

10,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
3,016,751 



36, 946 
1,224.7 



52, 283 
1.733.1 



15.756 

522.3 



Total, 
H74 cities: 

total 
popula- 
tion, 
29,401 ,843 



827. 947 
2,816.0 



1,970,680 

6, 702. o 



249, 084 
847. 2 



Offenses Known, Offenses Cleared by Arrest, and Persons Found Guilty. 

During the 1940 calendar year 76.4 percent of the persons charged 
with crimes against property (robbery, burglary, larceny, and auto 
theft) were found guilty by the courts, while persons found guilty of 
crimes against the person (criminal homicide, rape, and aggravated 
assault) represented 53.0 percent of those charged with such offenses. 

The police in 79 cities over 25,000 in population arrested and 
formally charged 40,165 persons with violations of the part I offense 
classes (referred to in the preceding paragraph), and 23,791 (59.2 
percent) were found guilty as charged, and 5,380 (13.4 percent) were 
found guilty of a lesser offense. The detailed figures for the individual 
offenses are presented in table 13, which shows the number of offenses 
known, the number of offenses cleared by arrest, as well as persons 
formally charged and the number found guilty. The proportion of 
persons charged who were found guilty ranged from 31.5 percent for 
manslaughter by negligence to 77.0 percent for larceny. 

For the part II offense classes shown in table 14, 78.8 percent of the 
persons held for prosecution were found guilty. The police depart- 
ments represented in table 14 charged 1.425,129 persons with the 
offenses indicated. Of these, 1 ,1 17,378, or 78.4 percenl , were found guilty 
of the offense charged, and 6,328, or 0.4 percent, were found guilty of 
a lesser offense. For the pari II offense classes the largest percentage 
of persons found guilty is seen for persons charged with driving while 
intoxicated (85.8 percent). Other traffic violations showed the next 
highest proportion of persons found guilty, amounting to S4.1 percenl. 



30 



o 



Z 
O 

co 



co 

Z- 

< 

12 

CO 

Z 







HB8 



Q 
H 




StsSsSss • : 

:<.v\'hu«)., 



w 

s 



31 



fiS 



o 



s 

p 
o 

o 

P 

O 
En 

ffl " 

Is 

si 

8 
o 

B 

o 

Ml 

B 

ft* 




2 
< 

< 

CO 











310021°— 41- 



32 

Inasmuch as the annual reports provide for tin 1 listing of offenses 
committed only for the part I offense classes, the figures presented in 
table 14 for the part II offense classes indicate only the number of 
persons arrested and the number of persons found guilty. The offense 
classes shown in table 14 in several instances are not identical with 
those shown in table 11, inasmuch as some of the reports did not 
include separate figures for the offense classes which have been con- 
solidated in table 14. 

A careful examination of the reports received from the 79 police 
departments represented in tables 13 and 14 indicated that the 
reports had been properly compiled with reference to this particular 
type of information. In selecting the reports to be used in these 
tables none was used if all persons listed as found guilty were indicated 
as having been found guilty of the offense charged. Similarly, reports 
were excluded if they showed an unusually low or exceedingly high 
proportion of persons found guilty, on the assumption that they were 
probably not correct. All reports included in these compilations were 
accompanied by a statement indicating affirmatively that the figures 
concerning persons found guilty represented the final disposition of 
the charge as distinguished from the disposition at some intermediate 
judicial state. 



Table 13. — Offenses known, offenses cleared by arrest, ami number of persons found 
guilty, 1940; 79 cities over 25,000 in population 

[Total population, 13,493,387, based on 1940 decennial census] 



Offense (part 1 classes) 



Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegli- 
gcnt manslaughter, . 
(h) Manslaughter by negli- 
gence 

Rape .. 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering 
Larceny— theft (except auto 

theft )___. 
Autotheft 

Total 



Number 

of offenses 
known to 
the police 



481 
1,299 

12, 217 
5, 907 

44. 248 

130, 780 
19. 235 



214,946 



Number 

of offenses 

cleared 
by arrest 



682 

398 
923 

4,867 
4.003 
14.990 

26, 218 

4.208 



56, 289 



Number 
of persons 

charged 
(held for 

prosecu- 
tion) 



895 

591 
922 

3. 443 

4, 259 

7. 587 

19, 621 

3.047 



40, 165 



Number 
found 

guilty of 
offense 

charged 



302 

156 
383 

1,693 
1,651 
4,153 

13.711 
1.739 



Number 

found 
guilty of 

lesser 
offense 



101 

30 

[59 

951 

645 

1,668 

1.392 
434 



Total 
found 
guilty 
(of offense 
charged 
or lesser 
offense) 



403 

186 

542 

2.644 

2. 296 

5,821 

15. 106 
2. 1 73 



29.171 



Percent- 
age found 
guilty 



58.0 

31.5 

58.8 
76. 8 
53.9 

76.7 

77.0 
71.3 



72.6 



33 



Table 14. Number of persons charged (held for prosecution) and number found 
guilty, 1940; 79 cities over 25,000 in population 

(Total population, 13,493,387, based on 1940 decennial census] 



Offense (part 11 classes) 



Other assaults ___ 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Embezzlement and fraud 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, etc 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

■Sex offenses (including prostitution and com- 
mercialized vice) 

Offenses against the family and children 

Narcotic drug laws 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness; disorderly conduct and va- 
grancy 

1 1 ambling 

Driving while intoxicated 

Traffic and motor- vehicle laws 

All other offenses 



Total 



Number of 
persons 
charged 
(held for 
prosecu- 
tion) 



Number 
found 

guilty of 
offense 

charged 



Number 
found 

guilty of 
lesser 

offense 



18, 116 
1.070 
4,112 
1,316 
1,916 

17, 481 

1 9. 100 

690 

9,845 

232,912 

19. S72 

9.869 

1,052,675 

4ti. 155 



1.425.129 



9.722 
720 

2. O'^O 
621 

1,297 

S,676 

1 4, 576 

486 

7,205 

135, 528 

13, 261 

7,267 

2 883, 152 

22, 787 



3 1,117,378 



420 
131 
284 
111 
121 

236 

1 110 

21 

113 

1, 125 
161 

1,196 

2 1, 649 

650 



3 6, 328 



Total 

found 

guilty iof 

offense 

charged or 

of lesser 

offense) 



Percent- 
age found 
guilty 



10, 142 

2,364 
732 

1,418 

8,912 

' 4, 0s6 

507 

7,318 

156, 653 

13. 422 

n, 463 

• sM. Mil 

23, 437 



3 1, 123. 706 



56.0 
79.5 
57.- 5 
55.6 
74.0 

51.0 

1 51.5 

73. 5 
74.3 

67.3 
67.5 
85.8 

2 84.1 
50.8 



78.8 



1 Based on reports of 78 cities with a total population of 13,378,421. 

2 Based on reports of 77 cities with a total population of 11,705,664. 

3 The total figures are subject to footnotes 1 and 2. 

Persons Released (Not Held for Prosecution), 1940. 

The annual report concerning persons dealt with by the police 
provides for a listing of the number of persons taken into custody who 
w r ere released without any formal charge having been placed against 
them. Information of this type based on reports received from police 
departments of 777 cities with a total population of 24,700,178 is 
presented in table 15. The number of cities represented is substan- 
tially less than in table 11 because the reports were excluded if there 
were no entries in the column devoted to persons released, or if the 
entries appeared to be incomplete, or otherwise incorrect. Reports 
listing persons released opposite only the classification "suspicion" 
were included m the compilation. 

The figures in the following table include persons who were taken 
into custody because it was thought they had been involved in the 
commission of crimes and who w T ere later released either because it was 
found that they were innocent or because of insufficient evidence. 
Also, the table includes instances in which youthful persons w T ere 
taken into custody but were released because the complaining wit- 
nesses refused to prosecute when they learned of the youth of the 
offender. Likewise, the compilation includes individuals who were 
taken into custody and released with a reprimand or on the "golden 
rule" principle. Persons summoned, notified, or cited to appear in 
court or at a police traffic bureau because of alleged violations, who 
failed to appear in response thereto, and who were not subsequently 
arrested, are also represented in table 15. Warning tags issued in 



34 



some cities for minor violations of traffic regulations are also repre- 
sented in the following tabulation. 

With reference to the classification "suspicion," it should be noted 
that if a person was taken into custody because it was suspected that 
he had been involved in the commission of a specific offense, his arrest 
and subsequent release without being held for prosecution should be 
listed opposite the offense class involved. Entries in table 15 opposite 
"suspicion" should be limited to instances iu which persons were taken 
into custody because of circumstances which caused the police to 
believe that they had been involved in criminal activities of some 
nature, although they were not taken into custody in connection with 
some specific offense. From an examination of the reports received, 
it appears probable that in some instances the entries were placed 
opposite "suspicion" when they wonld have been more properly listed 
opposite some other offense class in accordance with the foregoing 
explanation. 

Table 15. — Persons released without being held for prosecution, 1940; number and 
rate per 100,000 inhabitants, by population groups 



[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 








Group I 


Group II 


Group 
III 


Group 
IV 


Group 
V 


Group 
VI 


Total, 
















777 cities; 


Offense 


19 cities 


21 cities, 


47 cities, 


77 cities, 


216 cities, 


397dtieS 


total 


over 


100,000 to 


50,000 to 


25,000 to 


10,000 to 


under 


popula- 




250,000; 


250,000; 


100,000; 


50,000; 


25,000; 


10,000; 


tion, 




popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


24, 700, 178 




tion, 


tion, 


tion, 


tion, 


tion, 


tion, 






10, 140, 933 


2,906,473 


3,302,567 


2,723,727 


3,336,919 


2,289,559 




Criminal homicide: 
















(n) Murder and nonnegli- 
















gent manslaughter: 
















Number of persons 
















released 


75 


25 


28 


16 


7 


2 


153 


Rate per 100,000 


0.74 


0.86 


0.85 


0.59 


0.21 


0.09 


0.62 


(6) Manslaughter by negli- 
















gence: 
















Number of persons 
















released 


137 
1.35 


19 
0.65 


34 

1.03 


19 
0.70 


11 
0.33 


14 
0.61 


234 


Rate per 100,000 


0.95 


Robbery: 
















Number of persons released. 


358 


104 


111 


123 


109 


74 


912 


Rate per 100,000 


3.5 


3.6 


4.4 


4.5 


3.3 


3.2 


3.7 


Aggravated assault: 
















Number of persons released. 


428 


139 


117 


67 


87 


54 


892 


Rate per 100,000 . . . 


4.2 


4.8 


3.5 


2.5 


2.6 


2.4 


3.6 


Other assaults: 
















Number of persons released- 


2,084 


230 


359 


250 


410 


289 


3,622 


Rate per 100,000 


20.6 


7.9 


10.9 


9.2 


12.3 


12. 6 


14. 7 


Burglary — breaking or enter- 
















ing: 
Number of persons released _ 


1,030 


392 


436 


447 


595 


584 


3,484 


Rate per 100,000 


10.2 


13.5 


13.2 


16.4 


17.8 


25.5 


14. 1 


Larceny — theft : 
















Number of persons released. 


3,248 


879 


1,315 


1,063 


1,591 


1,078 


9,174 


Rate per 100,000 


32.0 


30.2 


39.8 


39.0 


47.7 


47. 1 


37. 1 


Auto theft: 
















Number of persons released. 


303 


181 


172 


163 


230 


227 


1,276 


Hale per 100,000 


3.0 


6.2 


5.2 


6.0 


6.9 


9.9 


5. 2 


Embezzlement and fraud: 
















Number of persons released. 


316 


68 


76 


83 


95 


56 


694 


Rate per 100,000 


3. 1 


2.3 


2.3 


3.0 


2.8 


2.4 


2.8 


Stolen property; buying, re- 
















ceiving, possessing: 
















Number of persons released. 


154 


26 


62 


66 


71 


109 


488 


Rate per 100,000 


1.5 


0.9 


1.9 


2.4 


2.1 


4.8 


2.0 



35 

Table 15. — Persons released without being held for prosecution, 1940; number and 
rate per 100,000 inhabitants, by population groups — Continued 



Offense 



Forgery and counterfeit ins: 

Number of persons released _ 

Rate per 100,000 ... 
Rape: 

Number of persons released. 

Rate per 100,000... 
Prostitution and commercial- 
ized vice: 

Number of persons released . 

Rate per 100,000 

Sex offenses (except rape and 
prostitution): 

Number of persons released. 

Rate per 100,000 ... 
Narcotic drug laws: 

Number of persons released 

Rate per 100,000 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, 
etc.: 

Number of persons released . 

Rate per 100,000 

Offenses against family and 
children: 

Number of persons released . 

Rate per 100,000 

Liquor laws: 

Number of persons released . 

Rate per 100,000 

Driving while intoxicated: 

Number of persons released. 

Rate per 100,000 

Traffic and motor-vehicle laws: 

Number of persons released . 

Rate per 100,000 

Disorderly conduct : 

Number of persons released . 

Rate per 100,000 

Drunkenness: 

Number of persons released _ 

Rate per 100,000 

Vagrancy: 

Number of persons released. 

Rate per 100.000 . 
Gambling: 

Number of persons released . 

Rate per 100.000. . . 
Suspicion: 

Number of persons released. 

Rate per 100.000.... 
All other offenses: 

Number of persons released. 

Rate per 100,000 



Group 1 



19 cities 
over 

250,000: 
popula- 
tion. 



Group II 



10,140,933 2,906,473 



148 
1.5 



i 4. 322 
43.9 



140 
1.4 



52 

0.51 



189 
1.9 



3 40 
0.4 



467 
4.6 



21 
0.2 



i 62. 972 
739. 3 



3.010 
29.7 



30, 939 
305. 1 



1,865 
18.4 



6,975 
68.8 



58. 247 
574.1 



9.711 
95.8 



21 cities. 

100.000 to 
250,000: 
popula- 
tion, 



37 
1.3 



33 
1.1 



304 
10.5 



66 
2.3 



28 
1.0 



6 
0.2 



153 
5.3 



41 
1.4 



2. 927. 5 



306 
10.5 



12,116 
416.9 



762 
26.2 



110 
3.8 



4, 420 
152.1 



576 

19 S 



Group 
III 



47 cities. 

50,000 to 
100,000: 
popula- 
tion, 

3,302,567 



Group 
IV 



47 
1.4 



31 

0.9 



106 
3.2 



62 
1.9 



16 

0.48 



33 
1.0 



76 
2.3 



216 
6.5 



126 
3.8 



26, 383 



1,634 
19 5 



7. 758 
234.9 



1, 645 
49.8 



229 
6.9 



17, 755 
537.6 



1,982 
60 n 



77 cities. 
25,000 to 
50,000: 
popula- 
tion. 
2,723.727 



Group 
V 



53 
1.9 



50 
1.8 



52 
1.9 



16 
0.59 



26 
1.0 



158 

5. S 



36 
1.3 



153 
5.6 



3. 637. 9 



3, 120 
114. 5 



2, 865 
105.2 



148 
5.4 



11, 388 
418.1 



3, 754 

137. S 



216 cities. 
10,000 to 
25,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
3,336,919 



Group 
VI 



397 cities 
under 
1.0,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
2,289,559 



86 
2.6 



47 
1.4 



51 
1.5 



100 
3.0 



31 
0.93 



36 
1.1 



179 
5.4 



141 
4.2 



171 

5.1 



61.343 
1, 838. 3 



1. 732 
51.9 



6,305 



2.411 
72.3 



190 
5.7 



9,483 
284.2 



2, 659 
79.7 



94 
4.1 



24 
1.0 



140 
6.1 



34 

1.5 



17 
0.74 



24 
1.0 



229 
10. 



118 
5.2 



160 
7.0 



33. 038 
1,443.0 



1, 462 
63.9 



6. 090 
266.0 



5,324 
232.5 



178 
7.8 



8,461 
369.5 



2,346 
102. 5 



Total, 

777 citii-s: 

total 
popula- 
tion, 

24, 7i mi. L78 



384 
1.6 



333 
1.3 



2 4. 975 
20.4 



479 
1.9 



147 
0.60 



336 
1.4 



1.131 
4.6 



' 363. 100 
1, 584. 7 



9. 032 
36. 6 



66, 328 

268.5 



14. 875 
60.2 



7,830 
31.7 



109, 754 
444.3 



21,028 
85.1 



1-7 The number of persons released and the rate are based on the reports from the number of cities 
indicated below: 



Footnote 


Cities 


Population 


Footnote 


Cities 


Population 


Footnote 


Cities 


Population 


1 


18 

776 

18 


9. 846, 199 
24, 405. 444 

9. 846. 199 


4 

5 

6 


776 
18 
20 


21,405,444 
8, 517, 481 
2,742,202 


7 


775 


22,912,455 


2 

3 











The figures in table 15 opposite the classification traffic and motor- 
vehicle laws include all types of violations of traffic laws, inasmuch as 
more detailed information was not included on many of the reports 



36 



used. The reports of 585 cities, however, did present detailed figures 
of this type, and the available data are shown in table 16 for 6 different 
groups of cities. 

It is noted that 72.3 percent of the persons released were shown 
opposite the classification parking violations, and the corresponding 
percentages for road and driving laws and other traffic and motor-ve- 
hicle laws were 19.5 and 8.2 percent, respectively. The high per- 
centage of "persons released" for parking violations undoubtedly is 
the result of the issuance of parking tickets without the subsequent 
response of the offender or his arrest by the police, and the practice 
employed in some jurisdictions of issuing warning tags. 

Table 16. — Persons released without being held for prosecution, traffic violations, 
except driving while intoxicated, 1.940; number and rate per 100,000 inhabitants, 
by population groups 

[Population figures from 19-41 ) decennial census] 





Group' I 


Group II 


Group III 


Group IV 


Group V 


Group VI 


Total, 
585 cities; 

total 
popula- 
tion, 
14,350,849 


Offense charged 


9 cities 
over 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion. 

4,228,514 


15 cities. 
100,000 to 
250,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
2.004.607 


30 cities, 
50,000 to 
100.000; 
popula- 
tion. 
2.154,333 


47 cities. 
25,000 to 
50,000; 
popula- 
tion. 
1.676,946 


167 cities, 

10,000 to 
25,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

2,525,168 


317 cities 
under 
10,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

1,761,281 


Road and driving laws: 

Number of persons released . 
Rate per 100,000 


26, 949 

637. 3 

32, 737 
774.2 

3.137 
74.2 


12, 250 
611.1 

71. 329 
3. 558. 3 

6,229 
310.7 


1,921 

89. 2 

22.(132 
1.022.7 

1,879 
87.2 


9,386 
559.7 

39. 781 
2. 372. 2 

11,276 
672.4 


4. 521 

179. 

51,870 

2.(154.1 

1,860 

73.7 


9, 500 
539.4 

20,783 
1, 180. 

2,709 
153.8 


64,527 

449.6 


Parking violations: 

Number of persons released _ 
Rate per 100,000 


238, 532 
1,662.1 


Other traffic and motor vehicle 
laws: 

Number of persons released. 
Rate per 100,000 . 


27,090 

-• • 







Percentage of Offenses Cleared by Arrest, 1934-40. 

Offenses of criminal homicide and robbery are the only crimes in 
which there was seen a slight increase in the percentage of offenses 
cleared by arrest during 1940 as compared with 1939, according to the 
reports received from police departments in 45 cities with over 100,000 
inhabitants. For all the other crimes except auto theft slight de- 
creases were seen in the percentage of offenses cleared during 1940. 
The percentage of auto thefts cleared was the same for 1939 and 1940. 

Annual trends in the percentage of offenses cleared by arrest are 
shown in table 17. The 45 cities included in this tabulation repre- 
sent a combined population of 16,264,620. The table includes figures 
showing the average clearances during the 6 years immediately 
preceding 1940. 

In comparing the percentage of offenses cleared by arrest during 
1940 with average figures for the 6-year period immediately preceding, 
improvement is seen for all offenses except two -rape and larceny. 
The proportion of offenses of criminal homicide, robbery, aggravated 



37 

assault, burglary, and auto theft cleared during 194(1 was somewhat 
higher than the average figures for 1934-39. 

Except for larcenies and auto thefts the annual data representing 
clearances show rather irregular trends during the past 7 years. The 
figures indicate a rather definite decrease, however, in larcenies cleared 
during the 7-year period, and although the decrease was slight the 
figures are significant in view of the large number of offenses of this 
type committed annually. For auto thefts the figures in table 17 
indicate a definite upward trend in the percentage of offenses cleared 
by arrest during; the years 1934-40. 



Table 17. — Percentage of offenses cleared by arrest, 1984~40 
[45 cities over 100,000, total population 16,204,620; population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Criminal homicide 


Rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
entering 


Lar- 
ceny- 
theft i 




Year 


Murder, 

nonneg- 

ligent 

man- 
slaugh- 
ter 


Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 


Auto 
theft - 


1934 

1935 

1936 


80.1 
84.7 
81.2 
79.8 
89.3 
86.5 


80.9 
74.0 
81.8 
81.0 
82.3 
81.3 


77.8 
69.4 
70.7 
71.8 
76.0 
74.9 


35.6 
47.7 
44.8 
35.8 
43.0 
41. 1 


64.6 
60.6 
62.4 
64.7 
69.9 
69.0 


28.9 
33.4 
37.3 
32.4 
36.5 
35.6 


23.9 
24.7 
23.5 
22.1 
20.8 
21.4 


13.2 

17.2 
19 1 


1937 

1938 


23.4 
21.2 

22.4 


Average 1934-39 

1940 


83.3 

89.1 


80.0 
83.6 


73.4 
72.5 


41.0 
42.0 


65.0 

68.7 


33.8 
34.2 


22.7 
21.1 


18.9 
22.4 



1 The data for larceny— theft are based on reports of 43 cities with a total population of 15,880,882. 
5 The data for auto theft are based on reports of 41 cities with a total population of 11,947,302. 



38 




39 

Offenses Known. Offenses Cleared by Arrest, and Persons Charged, by 
Geographic Divisions, 1940. 

Inasmuch as marked variations are regularly seen in the number of 
offenses committed per unit of population in the different sections of 
the country, it is only reasonable to expect somewhat similar variations 
in the number of persons arrested in the several geographic divisions. 
Tables 8 and 1 1 showed data for cities divided into six groups according 
to size. The information presented in tables 18-37 is based on the 
same reports; however, the cities have been divided into nine geo- 
graphic groups, and within each such group the cities have been 
further subdivided according to size. This makes it possible to com- 
pare local figures concerning offenses cleared and persons arrested with 
average figures for cities of the same size located in the same section of 
the United States. 

In examining the tabulations relative to the proportion of offenses 
cleared by arrest, it should be noted that in some of the geographic 
divisions the total number of cities represented is quite low. This is 
particularly noticeable in the tables where the cities are divided 
according to size within each geographic division. Under such cir- 
cumstances considerable variation is to be expected in the percentage 
of offenses shown as cleared by arrest. Unusually low figures of this 
type may be partially attributable to a failure to maintain a complete 
record of offenses cleared. Likewise, inadequate personnel would 
cause a tendency toward low figures. On the other hand data showing 
an usually high proportion of offenses cleared by arrest may indicate a 
failure to maintain a complete record of all crimes committed, par- 
ticularly thefts involving property of comparatively small value. 
If the record of crimes committed were incomplete in this respect, the 
result would be a tendency toward an artificially high figure represent- 
ing the percentage of offenses cleared. 

The figures shown for prostitution and commercialized vice may be 
considered conservative, since in many jurisdictions persons taken into 
custody for such violations are charged with vagrancy or disorderly 
conduct, and such arrests would of course be listed opposite those 
offense classes, and not opposite prostitution and commercialized vice. 

Similarly persons arrested because of drunkenness may be charged 
with disorderly conduct ; persons arrested for a felonious assault may be 
charged with a misdemeanor assault; and persons arrested for auto 
theft may be charged with driving without owner's consent. In other 
words, a tabulation of persons arrested may be influenced by the local 
policy as to what offense is charged. Theoretically, an offender 
should be charged with the offense committed, as indicated by the 
police investigation, but as a matter of practice, the offense charged is 
sometimes dependent on the policy and practice of other local officials, 



40 

such as prosecuting attorneys and judges. Local practices are, of 
course, materially affected by public opinion in the community. 

For a list of the States included in the nine geographic divisions, 
reference may be made to the data immediately preceding table 4 of 
this issue of the bulletin. 



41 



Table 18. Number of offenses known, number and percentage of offenses cleared 
by arrest, 1940, by geographic divisions 

I Populal ion figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Criminal homi- 
cide 


Rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
\ ated 
as- 
sault 


Bur- 
glary— 

break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 


Lar- 
ceny — 

theft 




Geographic division 


Mulder. 
Qonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 


Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 

negli- 
gence 


Auto 
theft 


NEW ENGLAND STATES 


















120 cities; total population, 1,524,- 

091: 


















Number of offenses known 

Number cleared by arrest 
Percentage cleared by arrest- - 


55 

44 

80.0 


179 

147 

82.1 


349 

321 
92.0 


742 
371 
50.0 


505 

404 

80.0 


12,234 

3, 705 
30.3 


26, 904 
0. 998 
26.0 


s. 121 

-'. 10'.' 
25.0 


MIDDLE ATLANTIC STATES 


















323 cities; total population. 8,097,- 
840: 

Number of offenses known 
Number cleared by arrest 
Percentage cleared by arrest 


220 

203 

92.3 


327 

296 

90.5 


549 

517 

94.2 


2, 116 
1,109 
52.4 


1,893 

1 . 032 
80.2 


16, 696 

6,898 

41.3 


33, 191 

9,969 

30.0 


10, 295 

2,060 

20.0 


EAST NORTH CENTRAL STATES 


















330 cities: total population. 13,821.- 
595: 

Number of offenses known 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest 


615 

516 

83.9 


404 
329 

81.4 


1,290 
846 
65.6 


12, 276 
4, 681 

38. 1 


4,678 

2,754 

58.9 


45,984 

13,932 

30.3 


126, 069 

24,981 

19.8 


19,411 
4.983 
25.7 


WEST NORTH CENTRAL STATES 


















141 cities: total population, 4,212,- 
911: 

Number of offenses known 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest 


142 

128 

90.1 


68 

45 

66.2 


270 

230 

83.3 


1,681 
835 
49.7 


600 

498 

83.0 


11, 383 

4,498 

39.5 


40, 593 

11,039 

27.2 


o, 163 
1,957 
31.8 


SOUTH ATLANTIC STATES 


















65 cities; total population. 3,182,981: 
Number of offenses known 
Number cleared by arrest 
Percentage cleared by arrest 


492 
456 
92.7 


168 

152 

90.5 


312 

276 

88.5 


2,013 
897 
44.6 


3,778 
3, 160 

83.6 


13, 858 
1,208 

30.4 


38, 680 

10. 584 

27.4 


7, 304 
1,215 
10.9 


EAST SOUTH CENTRAL STATES 


















16 cities; total population, 181,079: 

Number of offenses known 

Number cleared by arrest . 

Percentage cleared by arrest 


112 
96 

85. 7 


40 

41 

102.5 


21 
16 

76. 2 


185 

104 

56.2 


678 
523 

77. 1 


2,051 

573 
27.9 


4, SOU 
1.490 
30.7 


754 

142 

18.8 


WEST SOUTH CENTRAL STATES 


















51 cities; total population, 2.394,993: 
Number of offenses known 
Number cleared by arrest 
Percentage cleared by arrest 


251 

236 

94.0 


106 

91 

85.8 


220 
193 

87.7 


1,128 

520 

46.1 


2,159 

1.645 
70. 2 


B, 589 

3,051 
35. 5 


32.001 

8,383 

26. 1 


3, 070 

1,022 
27. 8 


MOUNTAIN STATES 


















45 cities; total population, 909.145: 
Number of offenses known . . 
Number cleared by arrest 
Percentage cleared by arrest 


26 

24 

92.3 


41 

34 

82.9 


70 
61 

87. 1 


405 
208 

51.4 


186 

1 19 

80.1 


3, 151 
1,546 
49.1 


12, 877 

2,760 

21.4 


1,689 
622 

30. S 


PACIFIC STATES 


















IL'l cities: total population, 3,522,- 
259: 

Number of offenses known .... 
Numb'T cleared by arrest . 
Percentage cleared by arrest 


116 

97 

83.6 


194 

138 

71.1 


308 
237 
76 9 


2,017 
697 
34. 6 


869 

545 
62.7 


16, L87 

4, 690 

29.0 


51,943 

9,611 

18.5 


9, 563 

1,869 

19.5 



42 






1 a 
1 2 














S* X 


c 


: ■<*■ 


— X 


C X 


-r- t^ 


— r 




X I- 


u; — 


t- X 


CC cc 


"<T CC 






_^ 










rl 






•V — ■ 


t- ~. 








2 "i 




V* S _cs 








- X 
































. CD 














cd - 




























































^ cc 






























5 — 






























c*x 




— BO s «c 


























a 




. 




SI T* 


x si 


-C* i-H 


X>CN 


OO 


— l- 


S) DC 


X t~- 


X i-H 


1-*^ 


CO 






■2 o g§ 




SI 


co . 


I- 


:-t - 






^ _. 


X . 


OJ . 


CC . 










-1 


" 


_ 2 


— J2 


K X 


— !r 






71 -" 




— 2 






— —.2 r "J 


























5"S 




SUsI 


























^ 




*o 






























__ 




ION 


sj cc 


CC X 


m n 


C3l- 


_. _ 


v - _ 


L - m 


~" CC 


■^- CC 


„ 










O . 






■£: . 






O . 






t^ 


■- 


— i_C ^ r£ 




.2 5" a £ 




SI oc 


N 


us oi 


» - IC 


CC re 


cr x 


X — 


•-f I- 




cc US 


us ss 


SJ~ *-. o 
















-00 


.-• £ 


r^ 








£§11 

I s x -J x 




— a. - _* 












X — 


















■ 




cncn 


t~ OC 


__ 


L - _ 


_ _ 





-. a 


x — 


cses 


US-* 


X x> 
































East 
South 
Centra 

Stales 




|ob| 




M 




M 


s 


lr £3 


E 


' ". X 


_ ^ 


— x 


"^ 


— 

CO 




cc"*5ffi 
= o 




























































■ 




M — 


us CM 


us us 


, 


X — 


X 71 


X cc 


7) CC 


„ .. 


us X 


S) CO 






8 ~~$£ 




X> . 


M 


si '. 


r- . 




r . 




CO . 




rs . 


us . 


JC -Z 33 

*3 - 55 










"' 6. 




m re: 


M 7J 


— a 


"*" t2 


- ~ 


<-S CC 


US 1^. 




.- c - - 












. X 








CM 






;i: 




- -.£ N 








~~ 


« — 


f- "" ' 


" 


~ m 


~ 












c — — x 


























x;5 




IT ~ S ~ 

— "5 —" 






























.. J. 




r~ l- 


CC — 


~. ~x 


r 


ir; "-- 


X — 


— X 


US ^ 


a x 


M — 


X X 










. 




r^ . 






rt . 


X 








Cc . 


w r i k 








— si 










a x 


— rj 


— I- 


CC T)i 


m x 


— — 


x C^ »- c, 




3 0Co 




















.7) 






> c a s 
^Z>x 




=§32 ej 

— 1*3 cSCN 














ri 
















. 




- x 


X cc 


X N 


— X 


t" X 


-- ^ 


-,, ;- 


_ ._ 


X C: 


CC CM 


~. S) 






§ i- _- 5 
'3 ~ ■■* "^ 










M . 










ca . 


S3 . 


CO . 


ast 

irth 

[lira 

ates 








-r co 


»CN 


N- S 


ri ~" 


f--*"" 


X* — 


^• r ' 


~ ? 


r; b- 


— X 


H ^a« 




co -s: — CO 


1 




























x= a 




f~ T 


r 


L- X 


rr b- 





-, _ 


— 


,,- 


?1 r~ 


-^ -. 


_ _ 


© a 














x _. 


?o ' ". 


DC . 






ic ' . 








— _*^ 














" X 






C Si 


~ X 








30B00 








-~ 


_■ "' 


— ; ~ 


US ~ 


x" "* 


n" 


-~ 






§^ 




~» — ~~ x' 

MO x 






























• 




■# x 


M5C 


— CO 


'" — 


_ — 


_ — 


_ = 


_ r ^ 


2 x 


- N 


— X 










m . 






71 












"^r _. 




New 
States 




O — _" C: 














«5 J 




CC ?i 










|2|5 
a "3 3"^ 














~\r- 






















































jj 




















ti 
































a 
































































y. 














































~7 










< 1 










w 










l 
























O 










i 




X 




















— 








J 






5-c b-r 

— C GO' 








: 








a 














S fa ^ 


cc 


T3 i 


~ 


"O ' ii-T 




— 


■d : 


-a '>-r 


— 




i 






i-s 1 


! 


O 1 


Ut 1 


03 C 

be •- 


1 




CD 
CX 


a : 


5. - 





U* 1 






> 




ex a 




cs : 


cs 


S - 


X 




C8 1 




ca 1 £, 


cc bx 










a a ^ 


a 


ja ■ 


S3 




-a 






.a j.: 


■a c 


i: 










- -a _ jc 

a c f 


§8 

cc 


a 


a 
a 






a 


a £ 


- ci 

g .5 


Cv .— 


I 








— 


«o§l 


<_ S 


Is- 


p _ 


■7. a u g a 


iia 


? a ■" 

ia — 


5= c- 


j a b 


C — 








- ~~ 


= ~. a 


^ S 


~ a .E 


a) a^ 


c a 


- a - 


c, a^a 


i R, 


















— — '-i 


~o .. 


— ~ 


— cc" - 




— a" ~ 














® & 




*-iO •• 








■— a _ 


^. >> 


•—CZC 










1 


II H 


XJ P< 


t4 *-* 


u. MS 


c — 
^ ^ - 

CD CB-V 


CD tt>£ 


— 


- — a 

IH >- O 


h fej CD 


c — C 


t- ir 










= a a * 






S cp 5 




® S fl 


»0 Q 


■^ Sc a 












a cs 




ja — ca^ a ( 




•a Dtf 


x a.a 


£> P.O 












~5 


SZKrt/K; iEi - 


a sl 
a a dJ 


a cc c« 


e5;L 
a cc c 


E i 
a r£ 


2 CC N 


3 ca _ 


li> 


Its 








1 


"^ § 


■gZ« 2 


fctf t 


^rt-g 


zrt'g 


Xaf c 


Z«£ 


Z«£ 


^ E 


ZP5 










.O 


be 


a 




« 


■£ 


E 


"o 













6 






M 


< 


O 


cq 




J 


< 


w 


CQ 


fq 





43 







tfc. »*■ 








X *r 







— - re ■ O 

X CC -r 7 1 "--: - 



t-O (" C-) x Ct ~ 1 : 



-— f>C 



cr. — 01 



X Ti — -p 



• -r O l> Oi fr- 00 N Ol C-l tt X *"~ — 'C C O »C ^; — — ~ — *" SJ; — ' - — 



— >-- — X HN 



^. a: rc — 



?0 oc — :-: •.- o: 













<N . 


ci x 







~ — — X 



re x 

S - 



OS O 

ce cc 



Oi 00 OS C- X C CM 

rf . <N . tJ« . »C . 

o — — cr. i - o 00 eg 

,oo - x . -r - <o 

-t- (M -r »~ >~- eN C -r 



cc. -r — c: cj ^ 
-r . =: - X . 

<M~ cc — " cc — " cc 



00 1^ -^ — t*-tN 

CN 00 CD (N (M 0*. 



~ CD CC 



CJ K OS X 

35 QC 3S i - 

. -r - -r 

i - Cj 



&- 



- — iO — I — CC 



- x cc -r 



x c> — i M 



'. — -j. 



■ — X ~ 



-TO O ■ 



=: x x •m x x 



x — c — 



00 — t- X — 00 ~ — C. CI — X 

. CC -IC .CM . CM . — . CC 

1^ »C »rc CM CIC — — I - CM I - C 1 



"C CC — CC CN ' 



— — X t 



X ~ . CM 

CC I- CC — CC 



T — 
- X 



— cc 



«5C X - . 



Cc CC 

• CI 

•C cc 













cc c 


IC CC 


X — 


















t~ o 


<N >C 


c-i CC 


X ^c 




-r I- 


C) — . 





cc * cc ci 



CC CC OS uc 



cc cc oa c. 

— CI CI cc 

— CC CC — 




JC 3..2.Q 
3 a« 3 
ft 

« 



»3Sa'cc3S3 3cj2c:-3c;i'-cio3fi T 3 

£ a | £ S -C 2 .2 



c — 

- ^ & 



c — o — c c • 



3 cc^j 3 ci 3 3 



c- 3 £ ~ 
c3~ 3 c: 






44 



Table 20. 



Number of offenses known, number and percentagi of offenses cleared 

by arrest, 1940, by population groups 

NEW ENGLAND STATES 
[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Criminal homicide 








Bur- 






















Population group 


Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 


.Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 


Rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 

as- 
sault 


glary— 
break- 
ing or 

enter- 
ing 


Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 


Auto 
theft 


Group I.— 2 cities over 250,000; 


















total population, 1,024,320: 


















Number of offenses known 


16 


37 


120 


311 


175 


1.696 


3, 845 


3,670 


Number cleared by arrest 


13 


37 


112 


176 


142 


850 


1.938 


940 


Percentage cleared by arrest- . . 


81.3 


100. 


93. 3 


56.6 


si. 1 


50. 1 


50. 4 


25.6 


Group 11. — 9 cities, 100,000 to 


















250,000; total population. 1.246,- 
576: 

Number of offenses know n 


















16 


45 


89 


204 


1S7 


4. 934 


10. 142 


2. 572 


Number cleared by arrest 


12 


28 


78 


83 


138 


1.022 


1.728 


519 


Percentage cleared by arrest- . . 


75.0 


02. 2 


87. 6 


40.7 


73. 8 


20.7 


17.0 


20.2 


Group 111.— 7 cities, 50,000 to 


















, 00, 01 io; total population, 529,073: 


















Number of offenses known 


4 


IS 


37 


75 


43 


1. 750 


3, 959 


732 


Number cleared by arrest 


4 


14 


38 


37 


38 


586 


1.029 


183 


Percentage cleared by arrest. . . 


100.0 


77. s 


102 7 


19. 3 


88. 4 


33. 5 


26.0 


25. 


Group IV.— 23 cities, 25,000 to 


















.".o.ooo: total population, 813,058: 


















Number of offenses know n 


4 


39 


26 


71 


4S 


1.992 


4. 924 


879 


Number cleared by arrest 


3 


30 


24 


30 


43 


550 


1. 155 


235 


Percentage cleared by arrest... 


75.0 


70. 9 


92. 3 


42.3 


89. 6 


27.fi 


23. 5 


26. 7 


Group V— 44 cities, 10,000 to 


















25,000; total population, 683,086: 


















Number of offenses known 


9 


30 


53 


55 


38 


1, 405 


3.211 


430 


Number cleared by arrest 


6 


28 


is 


32 


30 


4SS 


848 


6; 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


66. 7 


93.3 


90.6 


58 2 


78 '1 


34.7 


26.4 


3s. 4 


Group VI.— 35 cities under 10,000; 


















total population, 227,978: 


















Number of offenses known 


6 


10 


24 


26 


14 


157 


823 


13s 


Number cleared by arrest 


6 


10 


21 


13 


13 


209 


300 


67 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


100.0 


1O0.0 


87.5 


50.0 


92.9 


45.7 


36. 5 


18 r 


Total. 120 cities: total population, 


















4.524,091: 


















Number of offenses known. 


55 


179 


349 


712 


505 


12,234 


26, 904 


s. 121 


Number cleared by arrest 


44 


147 


321 


371 


404 


3,705 


6,998 


2.109 


Percentage cleared by arrest . 


SO. 


82. 1 


92.0 


50.0 


80.0 


30.3 


26. 


25. 1 1 



Table 21. — Persons charged (held for prosecution), 1940, number and rate per 

100,000 inhabitants, by population groups 

NEW ENGLAND STATES 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Offense charged 



Group 1 



2 cities 
over 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

1,021, 320 



Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligenl 
manslaughter: 
Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100. nun 
b) Manslaughter by negligence: 
Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 
•cry: 
Number of persons charged 
Kaie per 100,000 
v_Lia\ ated assaull : 

\ umber of persons charge* I 

per iiiii.ooo 



11 
1. 1 



6. 3 



114 
40. 1 



197 
19. 2 



< Iroup 11 


Group 

111 


Group 

IV 


Group V 


Group 
VI 


9 cities, 


7 cities. 


23 cities. 


44 cities. 


35 cities 


100.000 


50.000 10 


25,000 to 


10,000 to 


under 


to 250.0011: 


100,000; 


50, 000; 


25,000; 


10,000; 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


tion, 


tion, 


tion, 


tion, 


tion, 


1.216. 570 


529,073 


813,058 


683,086 


227,978 


11 


3 




5 


1 


0.9 


0.6 

12 




0.7 

27 


1.8 
9 


27 


23 


2. 2 


2. 3 


2.8 


4.0 


3.9 


96 


36 


39 


51 


13 


< . 7 


1 - 


- 


7.5 


5. i 


122 


32 29 


34 


11 


9. s 


6.0 


3.6 


5.0 


4.8 



Total, 

120 
cities; 
total 
popula- 
tion, 
1,524,091 



163 
3. 6 



049 
14.3 



125 

9.4 



45 

Table 21. — Persons charged (held for prosecution), 1940, number and rate per 
100,000 inhabitants, by population groups — Continued 

.NEW ENGLAND STATES— Continued 



Offense charged 



Other assaults: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Burglary— breaking or entering: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Larceny — theft : 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Auto theft: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Embezzlement and fraud: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 
possessing: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100.000 

Forgery and counterfeiting: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Rape: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Prostitution and commercialized 
vice: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Sex offenses (except rape and pros- 
titution): 

Number of persons charged 

Hate per 100.000 .... 
Narcotic drug laws: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Weapons: carrying, possessing, etc.: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100.000 

Offenses against family and children: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Liquor laws: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Driving while intoxicated: 

Number of persons charged 

Hate per 100,000 

Traffic and motor vehicle laws: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000. . 
Disorderly conduct : 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000. _ 
Drunkenness: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100.000... 
Vagrancy: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Gambling: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 . 
All other offenses 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 



Group I 



2 cities 
over 

250,00(i; 

popula- 
tion. 

1,024,320 



1. 544 
150.7 



1,643 

160. 4 



2,571 

251.0 



973 
95.0 



161 

15.7 



223 
21.8 



253 
24.7 



187 
18.3 



174 
17.0 



1,543 

l.Mi. i; 



227 
22.2 



149 
14.5 



979 
95.6 



152 
14.8 



558 
54. 5 



51. 197 
1,998 I 



381 
37.2 



39, 701 
3, 875. 8 



139 
13.6 



1,348 
131.6 



5.262 

513. 7 



Group If 



Group 
III 



°™P Group V ,ir v ';"' 



9 cities. 

11)0.000 

to 250,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
1.246,576 


7 cities. '. 
50,1)1)0 to 

1011, Olio. 

popula- 
tion, 
529.073 


1,184 
95.0 


351 
66.3 


681 
54.6 


312 
59.0 


1,401 
112.4 


513 
97.0 


365 
29.3 


119 
22.5 


140 
11.2 


21 
4.0 


105 
8.4 


34 
6.4 


84 
6.7 


23 
4.3 


59 
4.7 


34 
6.4 


259 
20.8 


18 
3.4 


384 
30.8 


252 . 
47.6 


13 
1 


4 

0.8 


60 

4.8 


20 
3.8 


1, 131 
90.7 


505 
95.4 


208 
16.7 


25 
4.7 


716 

57.4 


303 
57.3 


84, 516 
6, 779. 9 


6,011 
1, 136. 1 


2,419 
194.1 


297 
56.1 


27. 356 
2, 194. 5 


7,090 
1. 340. 1 


540 
43.3 


97 
18.3 


762 
61.1 


351 
66.3 


5,692 
456.6 


1.118 

211.3 



23 cities. 
25.000 to 
50,000: 
popula- 
tion, 
813,058 



494 
60.8 



11 cities.! 35 cities 
10,000 to under 



411 
50.9 



1 10. 4 



237 

29.1 



36 
4.4 



33 
4.1 



29 
3.6 



21 
2.6 



24s 
30.5 



L9 
2.3 



505 
62. 1 



76 
9.3 



669 

82.3 



12, 957 
1, 593. 6 



577 
71.0 



83.3 



318 
39.1 



220 

27. 1 



2. 306 
283.6 



25,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
683,0S6 



528 
77.3 



312 
45.7 



712 
104.2 



164 

24.1) 



28 
4. 1 



27 
4.0 



34 
5.0 



It, 



17 

2.5 



201 
29.4 



1 
0.1 



21 

3. 1 



582 
85.2 



59 
8.6 



932 
136.4 



11,389 
1, 667. 3 



327 
47.9 



6.865 
1,005.0 



232 
34.0 



261 

38.2 



1,694 

248.0 



10,000; 
popula- 
tion, 

227,978 



150 

65.8 



169 

74 1 



219 
96. 1 



76 
33.3 



22 
9.7 



15 
6.6 



3 
1.3 



Total, 

120 
cities; 
total 
popula- 
tion, 
1,524,091 



L62 

n. i 



21 
9.2 



305 
133. 8 



2. 195 
962.8 



167 

73. ■■', 



1. S77 
823.3 



56 
24.6 



41 
18.0 



448 
196.5 



16, 520 
365. 2 



46 



Table 22. — Number of offenses known, number and percentage of offenses cleared 
by arrest, 1940, by population groups 

MIDDLE ATLANTIC .STATES 
[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Population group 



Group I.— 3 cities over 250,000; total 

population, 2,832,210: 

Number of offenses known 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest .. 
Group II.— 8 cities, 100,000 to 250,000; 

total population, 1,064,467: 

Number of offenses known 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by auresl 
Group III.— 15 cities, 50,000 to 

100,000; total population. 1 ,084,143: 
Number of offenses known ___ 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest 
Group IV.— 23 cities. 25.000 to 50.000: 

total population, 780,323: 

Number of offenses known 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest 

Group V.— 81 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; 

total population, 1,352,365: 
Number of offenses know n 
Number cleared by arrest 
Percentage cleared by arrest.. . 
Group VI.— 193 cities under 10,000; 

total population, 984,332: 

Number of offenses known 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest 

Total. 323 cities; total population, 

8,097,840: 
Number of offenses known 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest 



Criminal 
homicide 



Murder, 

nonneg- 

ligenl 

man- 
slaugh- 
ter 




124 

116 

93. 5 



22 
81 8 



26 

24 

92. 3 



7 
100. 



21 

21 

100. 



20 

17 

85.0 



121 

114 

94. 2 



66 
64 

97.0 



40 

34 

85 



38 

26 

68 I 



40 

37 

92. 5 



22 

21 



Rape 



209 
199 

95. 2 



70 

65 

92. 9 



70 

62 

88.6 



50 

49 
98.0 



7S 

74 

94.9 



Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


1,048 


860 


623 


724 




84.2 


196 


196 


140 


153 


71.4 


78.1 


311 


315 


136 


285 


43.7 


90. 5 


116 


146 


53 


135 


15. : 


92. 5 


303 




SO 


230 


26. 4 


89.1 


142 


118 : 


77 


105 


54.2 


89. 1 


2. 1 16 


1,893 


1. 109 


1.632 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 



4.848 
2,841 
58 6 



2.417 
1.000 
41.4 



3, 126 

796 



1 . 833 

491 

26. 8 



1.061 



1.594 

709 

44.5 



Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 



Auto 
theft 



7. 758 4. 251 

2, 793 703 

36. 16. 5 



.".. 168 1,660 

2. 143 282 

39.2 17.0 



6,359 1,658 
1,326 359 

20.9 21.7 



4,218 829 

763 150 

18. 1 18. 3 



0.204 1.311 

1.691 I 299 

27.0 22.8 



3, 124 586 

1. 253 267 

40. 1 45. 6 



220 


327 


549 


2. 1 16 


1,893 


16,696 


33. 191 


10.295 


203 


296 


517 


1. 109 


1.632 


6 898 


9, 969 


2,060 


92. 3 


90 5 


94. 2 


52. 4 


86. 2 


41.3 


30. 


20.0 



Table 23. — Persons charged {held for pros, ration), 1940, number and rate per 

100,000 inhabitants, by population groups 

MIDDLE ATLANTIC ST \ IKS 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Group I 


Group 11 


1 Iroup 

111 


i Iroup 

IV 


(iroup V 


Group 
VI 


Total, 
















323 cities; 


Offense charged 


3 cities 


8 fit leS, 


15 cities, 


23 cities. 


SI cities, 


193 cities 


total 


over 


100,000 to 


50,000 to 


25.000 tO 


10,000 to 


under 


popula- 




250,000; 


250.000; 


100,000; 


50,000; 


25,000; 


10,000; 


tion. 




popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


8,097,840 




tion. 


tion. 


tion. 


tion. 


tion, 


tion. 






2,832,210 


1,064,467 


1,084,143 


780,323 


1,352,365 


984,332 




Criminal homicide: 
















[a) Murder and nonnegli- 
















eent manslaughter: 
















Number of persons 
















charged .. 


110 


IS 


26 


7 


21 


15 


197 


Rate per 100,000 


3. 9 


1.7 


2.4 


0.9 


1.6 


1.5 


2.4 


(6) Manslaughter by negli- 
































Number of persons 
















charged 


2! 14 


69 


37 


36 


39 


22 


497 


Rate per 100.1100 


10.4 


6.5 


3.4 


4.6 


2.9 




■ 1 


Robbers : 
















Number ol persons charged 


191 


135 


124 


73 


117 


95 


1 . 1 135 


Rate per 100,1 


17.3 


12. 7 


11.4 


9.4 


8.7 


9.7 


12.3 


Aggravated as.-ault . 
















Number of persons charged. 


766 


171 


276 


142 


225 


94 


1.674 


Rate per 100,000 


27.0 


16. 1 


25. 5 


8. 2 


16.6 


9. 5 


20. 7 



47 

Table 23. — Persons charged (held for prosecution), 1,940, number and 
100,000 inhabitants, by population groups — Continued 

MIDDLE ATLANTIC ST ATES— Continued 



rate per 



Offense charged 



Other assaults: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 . . 
Burglary — breaking or entering: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100.000 . 
Larceny— theft: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Auto theft: 

Number of persons charged - . 

Rate per 100,000., __- 

Embezzlement and fraud: 

Number of persons charged. . 

Rale per 100,000 

Stolen property; buying, receiv- 
ing, possessing: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Forgery and counterfeiting: 

Number of persons charged 

Hate per 100,000... 
Rape: 

Number of persons charged. . 

Rate per 100,000... 
Prostitution and commercialized 
vice: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100.000 
Sex offenses (except rape and 
prostitution): 

Number of persons charged. . 

Rate per 100.000 
Narcotic drug laws: 

Number of persons charged. _ 

Rate per 100,000 . . 
Weapons; carrying, possessing, 
etc.: 

Number of persons charged. . 

Rate per 100,000. 
Offenses against family and chil- 
dren: 

Number of persons charged. . 

Rate per 100,000. 
Liquor laws: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 
Driving while intoxicated: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000 
Traffic and motor vehicle laws: 

Number of persons charged. . 

Rate per 100,000-. 
Disorderly conduct: 

Number of persons charged. . 

Rate per 100.000 . 
Drunkenness: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 ... 
Vagrancy: 

Number of persons charged. . 

Rate per 100,000. 
Gambling: 

Number of persons charged. . 

Rate per 100,000 
All other offenses: 

Number of persons charged. _ 

Rate per 1110.000 



Group 1 


Group II 
8 cities, 

100.001) to 
250.000; 
popula- 
tion. 
1,064,467 


Group 
III 


Group 

IV 


Group V 


Group 
VI 

193 cities 

under 
10,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
984,332 


Total, 


3 cities 

over 
250,000: 
popula- 
tion. 

'J. ST.'. 'Jill 


15 cities, 
50.000 to 
100,000: 
popula- 
tion. 
1,084,143 


23 cities, 
25,000 to 

50,000; 
popula- 
tion. 
780.323 


81 cities, 
1(1,0011 to 
25.0(H); 
popula- 
tion, 
1,352.365 


323cities; 

total 
popula- 
tion, 
8,097,840 


4. 312 
152. 2 


1, 198 
112.5 


1,067 
98. 4 


1.049 
134. 1 


1, 348 
99.7 


71'-' 
72. ■■', 


9. 6H6 
119.6 


2. 643 

93.3 


627 
58.9 


635 
58.6 


370 

47. 1 


620 

45.8 


637 
64.7 


5, 532 
6H. 3 


2. 485 

87.7 


1,326 
124.6 


1. 171 
108. 


792 

101. 5 


1. 299 
96. ! 


1.016 
103.2 


8,08!) 
99.9 


943 
33.3 


167 
15.7 


316 

29. 1 


132 
16.9 


258 
19. 1 


261 
26.5 


2,077 
25.6 


191 
6.7 


147 
13.8 


150 

13.8 


136 

17. 4 


274 
20.3 


134 
13.6 


1,032 
12.7 


386 
13.6 


37 
3.5 


65 
6.0 


39 
5.0 


70 
5.2 


66 
6.7 


663 
8.2 


96 
3.4 


56 

5.3 


43 
4.0 


39 
5.0 


65 

4.8 


61 
6.2 


360 
4. t 


211 
7.5 


72 
6.8 


54 
5.0 


55 
7.0 


63 

4.7 


70 

7.1 


525 
6.5 


7, 183 

253. 6 


548 
51.5 


262 
24. 2 


53 
6.8 


107 
7.9 


15 
1.5 


8, 168 
100.9 


521 
IS. 4 


105 
9.9 


200 

18.4 


109 
14.0 


186 
13.8 


82 
8.3 


1,203 
14.9 


51 
1.8 


22 

2.1 


28 
2.6 


10 
1.3 


8 
0.6 


6 
0.6 


125 
1.5 


457 
16. 1 


73 
6.9 


78 
7. 2 


47 
6.0 


96 

7. 1 


66 
6.7 


817 
10. 1 


1, 232 
43. 5 


356 
33.4 


271 
25.0 


226 
29.0 


492 
36.4 


173 

17.6 


2, 750 
34.0 


884 
31.2 


106 
10.0 


192 
17.7 


81 
10.4 


71 
5.3 


46 
4.7 


1,380 

17.0 


1, 156 
40.8 


299 
28. 1 


463 
42. 7 


399 
51. 1 


670 
49.5 


406 

41.2 


3,393 
41.9 


154, 660 
5, 460. 8 


93, 937 
8, 824. 8 


82, 717 
7. 629. 7 


65. 453 
S. 387. 9 


63, 594 
4, 702. 4 


33, 966 

3. 450. 7 


494, 327 

6. 104. 1 


12, 672 
447.4 


2, 152 
202.2 


3,820 
352.4 


2.999 

3*1.:-; 


5,786 
127 8 


3,985 
404.8 


31. 11 1 
387. 9 


43, 5.58 
1. 538. 


11,850 
1. 113.2 


8,637 
796 7 


5. 541 
710.1 


10, 299 
761.6 


4, 845 
192. 2 


84,730 
1,046.3 


4,424 
156. 2 


851 
79.9 


1,544 

142.4 


505 
64.7 


1.211 
89.5 


1,992 

202. 1 


10.527 
130 


2, 253 

79.5 


463 
43. 5 


697 
64.3 


680 
87. 1 


151 
33.6 


270 
27.4 


4.817 
59. 5 


11, 864 
418.9 


3,040 
285.6 


2.795 
257. 8 


2,663 
341.3 


3,360 

248. 5 


2,211 
224.6 


25. 933 
320. 2 



48 



Table 24. Nwrnber of offenses known, number and percentage of offenses cleared 
by arrest, 1940, by population group* 

EAST NORTH CENTRAL STATES 
[Population figures from 1940 decennial census.) 





Criminal 
















homicide 


Rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 

assault 


Bur- 
glary - 
break- 
ing or 

enter- 


Lar- 
cenj 

theft 




Population group 


Murder, 

nonneg- 

ligent 


Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 


Auto 
theft 






negli- 








ing 








ter 


gence 














Group 1.- 8 cities over 250,000; total 














population. 7.917,086: 


















Number of offenses known 


472 


235 


845 


- 


3.269 


28, 762 


78. 279 


1 1 . 282 


Number cleared by arrest 


396 


ISS 


521 




1,816 


8.448 


13. 124 


2.448 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


83. 9 


80.0 


61.7 


38. 2 


55. 6 


29.4 


16.8 


21.7 


Group II.— 8 cities, 100,000 to 


















250,000; total population, 1,197,819: 


















Number of offenses known 


41 


66 


142 


642 


551 


4.839 


13, 002 


2. 218 


Number cleared by arrest .. 


31 


63 


s4 


238 


251 


1.338 


3, 015 


771 


Percentage cleared bv arrest 


75 6 


95. 5 


59.2 


37.1 


45.6 


27.7 


23.2 


34.8 


Group III— 17 cities, 50,000 to 


















100,000; total population, 1,^69,955: 


















Number of offenses known. . 


25 


41 


103 


518 


353 


3, 540 


10.437 


1.74^ 


Number cleared by arrest- 


19 


29 


7S 


217 


296 


1.322 


2. 623 


444 


Percentage cleared bv arrest 


76.0 


70.7 


75.7 


41.9 


S3. 9 


37.3 


25. 1 


25.4 


Gr< iii] ■ I V.— 39 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; 


















total population, 1,379,147: 


















Number of offenses known 


33 


28 


so 


454 


195 


3, 655 


11.797 


1,945 


Number cleared by arrest 


29 


20 


63 


142 


133 


1. 131 


2, 6S6 


4. -.2 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


S7.9 


71.4 


78.8 


31. 3 


68. 2 


50 9 


22. 8 


23. 2 


Croup V.— 76 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; 


















total population, 1,138,733: 


















Number of offenses known 


29 


16 


62 


327 


192 


3,058 


7. 797 


1. 302 


Number cleared by arrest 


26 


13 


55 


121 


151 


941 


1,985 


493 


Percentage cleared bv arrest 


89. 7 


81.3 


88.7 


37.0 


78. 6 


30.8 


25. 5 


37. 9 


Group VI.— 182 cities under 10,000; 


















total population, 1,018,855: 


















Number of offenses known 


15 


IS 


58 


227 


US 


2. 130 


4,757 


916 


Number cleared by arrest 


15 


16 


45 


98 


107 


752 


1, 548 


375 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


100. 


88. 9 


77. 6 


43. 2 


90. 7 


35. 3 


32.5 


40.9 


Total, 330 cities; total population, 
13.821,595: 
Number of offenses known 


















615 


404 


1 . 290 


12.276 


4. 678 


47.. 984 


126, 069 


19.411 


Number cleared by arrest 


516 


329 


846 


4,681 


2. 754 


13.932 


24, 981 


4.983 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


S3. 9 


81. t 


65. 6 


38. 1 


58.9 


30.3 


19.8 


25.7 



Table 25. — Persons charged (held for prosecution), 1940, number and 
100,000 inhabitants, by population groups 
EAST NORTH CENTRAL STATES 
[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



rate per 





Group 1 


Group 11 


Group 

111 


i Iroup 
IV 


Group V 


( iroup 
VI 


Total, 




8 cities 


8 cities, 


17 cities. 


39 cii ies, 


76 cities, 


182 cities 


330 cities: 

total 
popula- 


offense charged 


over 


[00,000 to 


50,000 to 


2." .('(id io 


10.000 to 


under 




250,000: 


250,000; 


100,000; 


50,000; 


25,000; 


10,000; 




popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


13,821,595 




tion, 


tion, 


tion, 


tion, 


tion, 


tion, 




7,917,086 


1,197,819 


1,169,955 


1,379,147 


1,138,733 


1,018,855 




Criminal homicide: 
















n Murder and nonnegli- 
















gent manslaughter: 
















Number of persons 


















410 
5.2 


31 
2. 6 


20 
1.7 


25 
1.8 


23 
2.0 


10 

1.0 


519 


Kate per 100,000 


3. s 


' Manslaughter bv neg- 
















ligence 
















Number oi persons 
















charged. _ _. 


320 


62 


25 


16 


16 


19 


4"s 


Rate per 100,000 


4.0 


5.2 


2. 1 


1.2 


1.4 


1.9 


3.3 


Robbery: 
















Number of persons charged 


2. 309 


228 


199 


118 


120 


94 


3,068 


Rate per 100.0(1(1 


■Hj •) 


19.0 


17.0 




10.5 


9.2 




\ { | i -;i\ afed assault: 
















Number of persons charged 


1.806 


249 


270 


123 


167 


124 


2. 739 


Rate per 100,000 


22. 8 


20. s 


23. 1 


-v 9 


14.7 


1 2. 2 


1". - 


Other assault-: 
















Number of person 


7. 696 


1,511 


1, 157 


1.225 


793 


583 


12. 965 


Kate per IDO.OOO 


97.2 


126. 1 


98. '1 




69.6 


57.2 


93. 8 



49 



Table 25. — Persons charged {held for prosecution), 1940, number and rate per 
100, 000 inhabitants, by population groups — Continued 
EAST NORTII CENTRAL STATES— Continued 



Offense charged 



Group I 




Burglary — breaking or entering: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Larceny — theft: 

Number of persons charged _ 

Rate per 100,000 

Auto theft: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000 

Embezzlement and fraud: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000 

Stolen property; buying, re- 
ceiving, possessing: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000,. _ 

Forgery and counterfeiting: 

Number of persons charged _ 

Rate per 100,000 

Rape: 

Number of persons charged _ 

Rate per 100,000 

Prostitution and commercial- 
ized vice: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000 

Sex offenses (except rape and 
prostitution) : 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Narcotic drug laws: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000 

Weapons: carrying, possessing, 
etc.: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000 

Offenses against family and 
children: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Liquor laws: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Driving while intoxicated: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Traffic and motor-vehicle laws: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100.000. . 
Disorderly conduct: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Drunkenness: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Vagrancy: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Gambling: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

All other offenses: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 



Group II 




3,831 

is. I 



10, 314 
130. 3 



1, .533 
19.4 



2,959 
37.4 



616 

7.8 



443 
5.6 



514 
6.5 



8,272 
104. 5 



1,850 
23.4 



397 
5.0 



1,009 

12. T 



5,346 
67.5 

3, 764 

47.5 

4,038 
51.0 

i 600, 995 
9, 549. 3 

19, 778 
249.8 

89, 364 
1, 128. 7 

10,230 
129. 2 

22, 570 
285.1 

18, 020 
227 6 



1.002 
83.7 



1,964 
164. 



498 

41.6 



276 
23.0 



80 



184 
15.4 



802 
67.0 



343 
28.6 



i 18 

1.7 



127 
10.6 



3 292 
26.8 



351 
29.3 



1,309 
109.3 



176,317 
14, 719. 8 



2,488 
207.7 



13, 919 
1.162.0 



1,960 
163. 6 



2,973 
248.2 



4,160 
347.3 



Group 
III 



Group 
IV 



17 cities, 
.50,000 to 
100.000; 
popula- 
tion, 
1,169,955 



589 
50.3 



1,668 
142.6 



311 
26.6 



290 
24.8 



53 
4.5 



95 
8.1 



186 
15.9 



254 
21.7 



106 
9.1 



474 

40.5 

255 
21.8 

1,521 
130.0 

114, 557 
9,791.6 

3,690 
315.4 

9,749 
833.3 

1,790 
153.0 



4,638 
396.4 



39 cities, 
25,000 to 
.50,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
1,379,147 



Group V 



Group 
VI 



76 citias, 
10,000 to 

25,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
1,138,733 



651 
47.2 



1, 992 
144.4 



332 
24.1 



219 
15.9 



102 
7.4 



209 
15.2 



59 
4.3 



299 
21.7 



341 
24.7 



4 
0.3 



107 
7.8 



598 

43.4 

342 
24.8 

1,966 
142.6 

« 63, 464 

4.717.3 

3,360 
243.6 

11. 4.54 
830.5 

1,305 
94.6 

650 

47.1 

6,091 
441.6 



67.5 
59.3 



1,166 
102.4 



363 
31.9 



143 
12.6 



6.5 
.5.7 



116 
10.2 



286 
25.1 



136 
11.9 



3 
0.3 



106 
9.3 



321 

28.2 



247 
21.7 



1,683 
147.8 



50, 665 
4, 449. 2 



3,843 
337. 5 



10, 038 
881. .5 



867 
76.1 



676 
59.4 



2,426 
213.0 



182 cities 
undei 
10,000; 

popula 
tion, 

1,018,855 



Total, 

330 cities; 

total 

popula- 
tion, 

13,821,595 



678 

66.5 



1,228 
120 5 



323 
31.7 



III 
10.9 



92 
9.0 



42 
4. 1 



25 

2.5 



0.7 



43 
4.2 



61 
6.0 



1,547 
151.8 



31,824 
3, 123. 5 



2.568 
252. 



7, 585 
744. 5 



542 
53.2 



228 
22.4 



1,834 
180.0 



7. 121. 
53. 7 



18,332 
132. 6 



3, 360 
24. 3 



3, 998 
28.9 



990 
7.2 



1, 139 
8.2 



83 1 
6.0 



9, 870 

71.4 



3, 020 
21.8 



2 438 
3.2 



1. 198 
10.8 



7, 130 
52.0 



5, 020 
36.3 



12, 064 
87.3 



• I.II37.S22 
8, 531. 7 



3.5, 727 
258. .5 



142, 109 
1, 028. 2 



16, 694 
120.8 



27, 986 
202. 5 



37. 169 
268. 9 



>- 7 The number of persons charged and the rate are based on the reports of the number of cities as follows: 



Footnote 


Cities 


Population 


Footnote 


Cities 


Population 


1... 




7 
329 

329 


1,089.418 
13, 713. 194 

1,089,418 
13.713. 194 


5 


7 

38 

328 


6,293,634 


2.._ 


6... 


1,345,352 


3... 


7... 


12, 164, 348 


4... 







50 



Table 26. Number of offense 



offenses known, number and percentage of offenses cleared by 
arrest, 1940, by population groups 



WEST NORTH CENTRAL STATES 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Criminal 
















norm 


cide 


Rape 


Rob- 

bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
as- 
sault 


Bur- 
clary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 


Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 




Population group 


Murder. 

nonneg- 

ligent 


Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 


Auto 

theft 




slaugh- 


ncgli- 








ing 








ter 
















Group I.— 4 cities over 250,000; total 


















population, 1,995,332: 


















Number of offenses known 


106 


36 


165 


1. 154 


344 


5,255 


20. 560 


2.714 


Number cleared by arrest 


95 


21 


127 


634 


273 


2. 725 


6.099 


725 


Percentase cleared by arrest 


vs. 6 


58. 3 


77 


54.9 


79.4 


51.9 


29. 7 


26.7 


Group II— 4 cities, 100,000 to 250,- 


















000; total population, 599,694: 


















Number of offenses known 


9 


18 


24 


162 


115 


1.464 


5,170 


1.1199 


Number cleared by arrest 


9 


15 


22 


49 


103 


407 


1.319 


4-i.i 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


100.0 


S3. 3 


91.7 


30.2 


89. 6 


27. ^ 


25.5 


41.4 


Group III— 5 cities. 50,000 to 100,- 


















000; total population, 353,185: 


















Number of offenses known 


9 


, 


14 


113 


32 


1. 61S 


4.828 


'.'27 


Number cleared by arrest .. 


7 


5 


15 


50 


26 


497 


1.063 


225 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


77. 8 


71.4 


107. 1 


44.2 


81.3 


30.7 


22.0 


24. 3 


Group IV— 6 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; 


















total population, 202.909: 


















Number of offenses known 






11 


25 


10 


524 


1,902 


2.i, 


Number cleared by arrest 


1 




11 


10 




112 


328 


44 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


50.0 


0.0 


loo. o 


40.0 


50.0 


21.4 


17.2 


17. 1 


Group V.— 43 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; 


















total population, 639,989: 


















Number of offenses known.. .. 


9 


3 


41 


161 


60 


1.666 


5, 656 


823 


Number cleared by arrest . 




3 


36 


61 


59 


437 


1. 310 


346 


Percentage cleared bv arrest 


ion. o 


100.0 


87. 8 


37. 9 


98. 3 


26. 2 


23.2 


42. 


Group VI.— 79 cities under 10,000; 


















total population. 421,802: 


















Number of offenses known 


, 




21 




39 


856 


2. 477 


343 


Number cleared by arrest 


7 


1 


19 


31 


32 


320 


920 


162 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


100. 


50.0 


90.5 


47.0 


82.1 


37.4 


37.1 


47.2 


Total, 141 cities; total population, 


















4.212,911: 


















Number of offenses known. . . 


142 


68 


276 


1,681 


600 


11,383 


10,593 


6. 163 


Number cleared bv arrest 


[28 


45 


230 


8£ 


498 


4.498 


11.039 


1. 957 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


90. 1 


66. 2 


83. 3 


49.7 


83.0 


39.5 


27. 2 


31.8 



Table 27. — Persons charged (held for prosecution) , 1940, number and rate per 

100,000 inhabitants, by population groups 

WEST NORTH CENTRAL STAFFS 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Group I 


Group II 


Group 
III 


i Jroup 
IV 


Group V 


Group 
VI 


Total, 

141 
cities; 




4 cities 


4 cities, 


5 cities, 


6 cities. 


43 cities, 


79 cities 


Offense charged 


over 


100,000 to 


50,000 to 


25,000 to 


10.000 to 


under 


total 




250,000; 


250,000: 


100,000; 


50,000; 


25,000; 


10,000; 


popula- 




popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


tion, 




tion. 


tion. 


tion. 


tion. 


tion, 


tion. 


4,212,911 




1,995.332 


599.694 


353,185 


202,909 


639,989 


421,802 




Criminal homicide: 
















(a) Murder and nonnegli- 
















gent manslaughter: 
















Number of persons 


















78 


10 


5 


1 


6 


7 


107 


Rate per 100,000 


3.9 


1.7 


1.4 


0.5 


0.9 


1.7 


2. 5 


(6) Manslaughter by negli- 
















gence: 
















Number of persons 
















charged 

Rate per 100,000 
Robbery: 


33 




3 




4 


1 


46 


1. 7 


0.8 


0.8 




0.6 


0.2 


1.1 
















Number of persons charged. 


467 


59 


28 


10 


45 


30 


639 


Rate per 100,000 


23.4 


9.8 


7.9 


4.9 


7.0 


7. 1 


15.2 


Aggravated assault: 
















Number of persons charged 


294 


56 


28 


5 


55 


29 


467 


Rate per 100,000 


14.7 


9.3 


7.9 


2.5 


8.6 


6.9 


11.1 


Other assaults: 
















Number of persons charged. 


482 


403 


217 


77 


305 


181 


1.665 


Rate per 100,000 


24.2 


67.2 


61.4 


37.9 


47.7 


42.9 


39.5 



51 



Table 27. — Persons charged (held for prosecution), tu'n, number and rate per 
100,000 inhabitants, by population groups Continued 

WEST XokTH CENTRAL STATES— Continued 



Offense charged 



Group I Group II 



4 cities 
over 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

1 ,995,332 



Burglary— breaking or enteri ng: 
Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000-.. 

Larceny— theft: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100.000 ... 
Auto theft: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000 

Embezzlement and fraud: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Stolen property; buying, re- 
ceiving, possessing: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000 

Forgery and counterfeiting: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Rape: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000. __ 
Prostitution and commercial- 
ized vice: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000. .. 
Sex offenses (except rape and 
prostitution) : 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Narcotic drug laws: 

N limber of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000 

Weapons: carrying, possessins, 
etc.: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100.000 
Offenses against family and 
children: 

Number of persons chareed 

Rale per 100,000 
Liquor laws: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Driving while intoxicated: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Traffic and motor vehicle laws: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Disorderly conduct 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per loo.ooo . 
Drunkenness: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Vagrancy: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000 
Gambling: 

Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 . 
All other offenses: 

Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 



4 cities, 

100,000 to 
250,000; 
popula- 
tion, 

5'.l'.l.li'.U 



Group 
III 



944 

47.3 



3,038 
152. 3 



463 
23.2 



619 
31. 



172 
8.6 



150 

7.5 



3, 566 

178.7 



442 
22.2 



157 

7. 9 



195 
9.8 



1,094 

54 8 



384 
19. 2 



97. 6 



301.310 
15 100 7 



9,495 
17.-, 9 



17,841 

894.1 



3.570 
178.9 



; urn 
150.9 



10. 277 
515.1 



270 
45.0 



1.295 

215.9 



120 
20.0 



55 
9.2 



90 
15.0 



25 
4.2 



155 

25. S 



120 
20. 



18 
3.0 



14.3 



3 65 
13. 4 



634 
105. 7 



771 
L29 1 



69. 748 
11.630.6 



513 

s- 5 



11, 427 
1, 905. 5 



3,303 

550.8 



291 

48.5 



5. 158 
860.1 



5 cities, 
50,000 to 
100,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
353.1X5 



140 
39.6 



392 
111.0 



i 133 
46.6 



21 
5.9 



55 
15.6 



9 
2.5 



128 
36.2 



14 

4.0 



*131 
45.9 



241 
68.2 



309 
87. 5 



20. 002 
5, 663. 3 



681 
192. s 



5,640 
1, 596. 9 



589 
166. 8 



599 
169.6 



819 
231.9 



IV 



Gr r °"P Group V 



6 cities, 

25,000 to 

50,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
202.909 



273 
134. 5 



38 
18.7 



4 
2.0 



3.9 

25 
12.3 

3.4 



3 
1.5 



3 
1.5 



1 
0. 5 



93 

45.8 



299 

147.4 



203 
100.0 



9,233 
4, 550. 3 



43 cities, 
10,000 to 

25,000; 
popula- 
tion, 

639,989 



282 
139.0 



2,535 
1, 249. 3 



344 
169. 5 



64 
31.5 



543 

267. 6 



355 
55. 5 



832 
130.0 



251 
39.2 



80 
12.5 



26 
4.1 



101 
15.8 



24 
3.8 



55 
8.6 



32 
5.0 



299 
46.7 



894 
139.7 



21.315 
3, 330. 5 



1,397 
218.3 



7.921 

1, 237. 7 



223 
34.8 



1.475 
230.5 



Group 
VI 



79 cities 
under 
10.000: 

popula- 
tion. 
421,802 



251 
59.5 



651 
154.3 



148 
35.1 



74 
17.5 



58 
13.8 



13.0 



18 
4.3 



18 
4.3 



Total, 

141 
cities; 
total 

popula- 
tion, 
4,212,911 



23 
5.5 



6 
1.4 



19 
4.5 



107 
25.4 



209 

49.5 



700 
166.0 



7.988 
1, 893. 8 



730 

173.1 



4,881 
1, 157. 2 



266 
63.1 



58 
13.8 



426 
101.0 



2,038 

18 i 



i, 18 



1. 155 

27 t 



1.0311 

24.8 



342 
8.1 



498 
11.8 



233 
5.5 



3. 932 
93 



692 

16.4 



282 
6.7 



347 
8.2 



6 1,549 

38.4 

2. 066 
49.0 

4.828 
in 6 

129 596 

10. 197. 1 

13,098 

310. 9 

50. 245 
1,192.6 

8, 955 
212. 6 

4,245 
100.8 

18, 698 

ii.;. s 



<-« The number of persons charged and the rate are based on the reports of the number of cities as follows: 



Footnote 


Cities Population 


Foot not e 


Cities 


Population 


1 


4 285,352 

140 4, 145, 078 

3 1 484,728 


4 


4 
139 


285, 352 


2 


5 


4,030,112 


3 







52 



Table 28. Number of offenses known, number and percentage of offenses cleared by 
arrest, 1940, by population groups 

SOUTH ATLANTIC STATES 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Criminal 
















homicide 
























Aggra- 


Bur- 
glary— 


Lar- 
ceny — 
theft 












Population group 


Murder, 
non neg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 


Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 


Rape 


Rob- 
bery 


vated 

as- 
sault 


break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 


Auto 
theft 


Group L— 2 cities over 250,000: total 
















population, 1,161,388: 


















Number of offenses known. _ __ 


194 


35 


119 


798 


1,117 


4,249 


9,759 


3,480 


Number cleared by arrest 


177 


34 


106 


331 


1,022 


1,242 


2.720 


437 


Percentage cleared bv arrest 


91.2 


97.1 


89.1 


41.5 


91.5 


29.2 


27.9 


12.6 


Group II.— 4 cities, 100,000 to 


















2.50.000: total population, 622.943: 


















Xumber of offenses known . _ 


103 


54 


78 


584 


797 


3,488 


10, 782 


1.640 


Number cleared bv arrest 


98 


53 


68 


225 


634 


781 


2,160 


242 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


95.1 


98.1 


87.2 


38.5 


79.5 


22.4 


20.0 


14.8 


Group III.— 11 cities, 50,000 to 


















100.000: total population, 722,846: 


















Number of offenses known _ 


122 


49 


67 


41S 


1.313 


3.588 


11,002 


1,252 




108 


41 


56 


223 


997 


1,230 


3,148 


276 


Percentage cleared bv arrest 


88.5 


83.7 


83.6 


53.3 


75.9 


34.3 


28.6 


22.0 


( Jroup IV.— 9 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; 


















total population. 315,935: 


















Number of offenses known 


29 


19 


30 


124 


244 


1,304 


3,796 


512 




30 


13 


27 


64 


229 


506 


1,286 


100 


Percentage cleared bv arrest 


103. 4 


68.4 


90.0 


51. 6 


93.9 


38.8 


33.9 


19.5 


( Iroup V.— 15 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; 


















total population, 226,104: 


















Xumber of offenses known 


26 


6 


7 


59 


136 


706 


2,138 


301 


Number cleared bv arrest 


26 


6 


7 


41 


125 


275 


886 


139 


Percentage cleared bv arrest.. 


100.0 


100. 


100.0 


69. 5 


91.9 


39.0 


41.4 


46.2 


Group VI.— 24 cities under 10,000; 


















total population, 133,765: 


















Number of offenses known 


18 


5 


11 


30 


171 


523 


1.203 


179 


Number cleared by arrest _ . 


17 


5 


12 


13 


153 


174 


384 


51 


Percentage cleared by arrest. . 


94.4 


100.0 


109.1 


43.3 


89.5 


33.3 


31.9 


28.5 


Total, 65 cities; total population, 


















3,182,981: 


















Number of offenses known 


492 


16S 


312 


2,013 


3. 778 


13. 858 


38, 680 


7. 364 


Xumber cleared by arrest . _ . 


456 


152 


276 


897 


3,160 


4. 208 


10, 584 


1.245 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


92.7 


90.5 


88.5 


44.6 


83.6 


30.4 


27.4 


16.9 



Table 29. — Persons charged (held for prosecution), 1940, number and rate per 
100,000 inhabitants, by population groups 

SOUTH ATLANTIC STATES 
[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Group I 


Group 11 


Group 
III 


Group 

IV 


Group V 


Group 
VI 


Total, 65 


Offense charged 


2 cities 

over 
250,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
1,161,388 


4 cities, 
100,000 to 
250,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
622,943 


11 cities, 
50,000 to 
100,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
722,846 


9 eities, 
25,000 to 

50,000; 
popula- 
tion, 

315,935 


15 cities, 
10,000 to 

25,000; 
popula- 
tion, 

226,104 


24 cities 
under 
10,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
133,765 


cities; 
total 

popula- 
tion, 

3,182,981 


Criminal homicide: 

(o) Murder and nonnegli- 

gent manslaughter: 

Number of persons 

charged . . 
Rate per 100,000 
(6) Manslaughter by neg- 
ligence: 
Number of persons 

charged. . . 

Rate per 100.000 
i ry: 
Number of persons charged 
Hate per 100,000 


189 
16.3 

161 
13.9 

559 

48.1 


108 
17.3 

82 
13.2 

295 
47.4 


109 
15.1 

63 

8.7 

252 

34.9 


30 
9.5 

S 
2.5 

06 
20.9 


31 
13.7 

7 
3.1 

44 
19.5 


15 
11.2 

4 
3.0 

9 

6.7 


482 
15.1 

325 

10.2 

1.225 
38.5 



53 

Table 29.— Persons charged 'field for prosecution), 1940, number and rate per 
100,000 inhabitants, by population groups Continued 

SOUTH ATLANTIC STATES— Continue! 



Offense charged 



Aggravated assault: 

Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100.000 _. 

Other assaults: 

Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 

Burglary— breaking or en ferine: 
Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100.000 

Larceny — theft: 

Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000. . 

Auto theft: 

Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 

Embezzlement and fraud: 

Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 

Stolen property: buying, receiv- 
ing, possessing: 
Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 .'. 

Forgery and counterfeiting: 
Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 

Rape: 

N'um ber of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 

Prostitution and commercial- 
ized vice: 
Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 . 

Sex offenses (except rape and 
prostitution): 

Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100, oi «i 

Narcotic drug laws: 

Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 

Weapons: carrying, possessing, 
etc.: 
Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 

Offenses against family and 
children: 
Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 

Liquor laws: 

Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 

Driving while intoxicated: 

N'um ber of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 

Traffic and motor vehicle laws: 
Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 

Disorderly conduct: 

Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100.000 

Drunkenness: 

Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 

Vagrancy: 

Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 

Gambling: 

Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 

All other offenses: 

Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 



Group I 



2 cities 

over 
250.000: 
popula- 
tion, 
1,161.388 



1,069 
92.0 



4.067 
350. 2 



1,406 
121. 1 



3,343 

287.8 



651 
56. 1 



131 
11.3 



164 
14.1 



104 
9.0 



99 

8.5 



393 
33.8 



144 
12.4 



17 
1.5 



572 
49.3 



568 
48.9 

1,684 
145.0 

1.968 
169. 5 



171,731 
14. 786. 7 



25, 405 
2,187.5 



27, 737 
2. 388. 3 



1,561 

134.4 



3,069 
264.3 



9, 355 
805.5 



Group II 



4 cities, 
100,000 to 
250,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
622.943 



683 
109.6 



4,196 
673.6 



855 
137.3 



2.489 
399.6 



280 
44.9 



400 
64.2 



164 
26.3 



14.0 
12.4 



1,191 
191.2 



437 
70.2 



17 
2.7 



305 
49.0 



1, 965 
315.4 



1,48 
238. 



650 
104.3 



Group 
III 



84, 591 
13, 579. 3 



9,092 
1. 459. 5 



18, 237 
2. 927. 6 



2,804 
4.50.1 



3,514 

564.1 



5, 216 
837.3 



11 cities. 

50,000 to 
100,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
722,846 



1,168 
161.6 



4,212 
582.7 



1,186 
164. 1 



3,127 
432.6 



254 

35. 1 



163 
22.5 



191 
26.4 



59 
8.2 



787 
108.9 



260 
36.0 



1.0 
497 



566 
78.3 

3,278 
453.5 

1,758 
243.2 

82, 730 
11,445.0 

9,385 
1, 298. 3 

26, 689 
3, 692. 2 

2,785 
385.3 

2,930 
405.3 

10,280 
1.422.2 



Group 
IV 



9 cities. 
25,000 to 

50,000; 
popula- 
tion. 

315,935 



249 

78.8 



1,490 
471.6 



344 

108.9 



1, 157 
366.2 



93 
29.4 



64 
20.3 



82 
26.0 



59 
18.7 



178 
56.3 



292 
92.4 



152 

48.1 



484 
153.2 



835 
264.3 



583 

184.5 



22, 871 
7. 239. 1 



3. 020 
955. 9 



8, 805 
2, 787. 



494 

156. 4 



911 

288.4 



3,460 
1.095.2 



Group V 



15 cities, 
10,000 to 

25,000; 
popula- 
tion, 

226.104 



121 
53.5 



913 
403.8 



273 
120.7 



709 
313.6 



106 
46.9 



158 
69.9 



26 

11.5 



80 
35.4 



50 
22.1 



3 
1.3 



107 
47.3 



64 
28.3 



458 
202.6 



548 
242.4 



17. 936 
7, 932. 6 



2.790 
1,233.9 



6.069 
2, 684. 2 



376 
166. 3 



699 
309.1 



1.661 
734.6 



Group 
VI 



24 cities 
under 
10,000: 

popula - 
tion, 
133,765 



Total, 65 
cities; 
total 

popula- 
tion, 

3.182,981 



180 
134.6 



500 
373.8 



333 
248. 9 



27 

20.2 



21 
15.7 



31 
23.2 



12 

9.0 



15 
11.2 



26 
19.4 



2 
1.5 



53 
39.6 



55 
41.1 



160 
119.6 



472 
352.9 



5,538 
4. 140. 1 



1,585 
1,184.9 



5,224 
3. 905. 4 



271 
202. 6 



284 
212.3 



721 
539.0 



3. 470 
109.0 



15.37S 
483. 1 



4.208 
132. 2 



11. 158 
350. 6 



1,432 
45.0 



943 
29.6 



535 
16.8 



552 
17.3 



278 



2,614 

82.1 



1.247 
39.2 



48 
1.5 



53.0 



3.702 
116.3 



7.902 
248.3 



5,979 
187.8 



385, 397 
12, 108. 1 



51,277 
1.611.0 



92. 761 
2.914.3 



8.291 
260.5 



11.407 
358. 4 



30, 693 
964.3 



54 



Table 30. — Number of offenses known, number and percentage of offenses cleared by 
arrest, 1940, by population groups 

EAST SOUTH CENTRAL STATES 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Criminal 
















homicide 























Aggra- 


Bur- 
glary— 


Lar- 
ceny — 
theft 




Copula! ion yroup 


Murder. M 


Rape 


Rob- 
bery 


vated 

as- 
sault 


break- 
ing or 
enter- 


Auto 
theft 




man- 


negli- 








ing 








ter 
















(roup I. 1 


















Group II.— 1 city, 100,000 to 250,000; 


















population, 111,580: 


















Number of offenses known 


25 


10 




23 


211 


287 


1,086 


292 


Number cleared by arrest 


26 


12 




24 


188 


123 


323 


48 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


104.0 


120.0 




104.3 


S9. 1 


42.9 


29.7 


16.4 


Group III— 3 cities, 50,000 to 100,000; 
















total population, 202,209; 
















Number of offenses known 


44 25 


16 


75 


325 


1. 125 


2,100 


292 


X umber cleared by arrest 


36 1 25 


12 


32 


238 


241 


639 


39 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


81.8 100.0 


75.0 


42.7 


73.2 


21.4 


30.4 


13.4 


Group IV.— 2 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; 
















total population, 67,606: 
















Number of offenses known 


19 3 


2 


28 


61 


236 


561 


104 


Number cleared by arrest 


17 3 


1 


25 


29 


59 


127 


37 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


too.o 


50. 


89.3 


47.5 


25.0 


22.6 


35.6 


Group V— 6 cities. 10.000 to 25,000; 
















total population. 79.329: 


















Number of offenses known 


16 




3 


48 


65 


348 


1, 031 


59 


Number cleared by arrest 


14 




3 


18 


57 


135 


362 


17 


Percentage cleared by arrest- .. 


87. • 




100.0 


37.5 


87.7 


38.8 


35.1 


28.8 


Group VI. — 4 cities under 10,000; 


















:otal population, 20,355: 


















Number of offenses known 


8 


2 




11 


16 


55 


82 


/ 


Number cleared by arrest 


3 


1 




5 


11 


15 


39 


1 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


37.5 


50.0 




45. 5 


68. - 


27.3 


47. 6 


14.3 


Total, 16 cities: total population, 


















481,079: 


















Number of offenses known 


112 


21 


185 


678 


2.051 


4,860 


754 


Number cleared by arrest 


96 41 


16 


104 


523 


573 


1.490 


142 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


102.5 


76. 2 


56.2 


77.1 


27.9 


30. 7 


18.8 



• No cities in this population group represented. 
Table 31 



Persons charged held for prosecution), 1940, number and rate per 
100,000 inhabitants, by population groups 

EAST SOUTH CENTRAL STATES 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





I }roup 1 ( froup 1 1 


Group 
III 


Group 

IV 


Group V 


Group 
VI 


Total, 


' Ifiense charged 


P) 


i city, 
100,000 

to 
250,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
111,580 


3 cities, 

50.000 

to 

100,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

202,209 


2 cities, 
25,000 

to 
50,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
67,606 


6 cities, 
10,000 

to 
25.000; 

popula- 
tion. 
79,329 


4 cities 
under 
10,000; 
popula- 
tion, 

20,355 


16 
cities; 
total 
popu- 
lation. 
481,079 


Criminal homicide: 

Murder and nonnegligent man- 
slaughter: 




27 
24.2 

13 
11.7 

18 
16.1 


36 

17. ^ 

28 
13.8 

44 
21.8 


26 
38.5 

5 

7.4 

44 

05. 1 


11 
13.9 


2 


102 


Hate per 100.000 . . 




9.8 21.2 


(6) Manslaughter by negligence: 




1 
4.9 

4 


47 


Hate per 100 000 




9.8 


Robbery: 




20 

25. 2 


130 


• per 100,000 




19. 7 27. 



See footnote :it end of table. 



55 



Table 31. — Persons charged {held for prosecution), t940, number and rate per 
100,0ixi inhabitants, by population groups — Continued 

EAST SOUTH CENTRAL STATES— Continued 



Group I 



Offense charged 



Aggravated assault: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Other assaults: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000.. 
Burglary — breaking or entering: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100.000... 
Larceny — theft: 

Number of persons charged 

Hate per 100,000 . 
Auto theft: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 
Embezzlement and fraud: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 . 
Stolen property: buying, receiving, pos- 
sessing- 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 
Forgery and counterfeiting: 

Number of persons charged .. 

Rate per 100.000 
Rape- 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000. _ . 
Prostitution and commercialized vice: 

Number of persons charged . . 

Rate per 100.000 
Sex offenses (except rape and prostitu- 
tion): 

Number of persons charged ... 

Rate per 100,000. 
Narcotic drug laws: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 
Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc.: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100.000 
Offenses against family and children: 

Number of persons charged ... 

Rate per 100,000. . 
Liquor laws: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 
Driving while intoxicated: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 
Traffic and motor vehicle laws: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 .... .. 

Disorderly conduct: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100.000 . 
Drunkenness: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 . 
Vagrancy: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 . 
Gambling: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 
All other offenses: 

Number of persons charged . .: 

Rate per 100,000 



Group II 



(') 



1 city, 
loo.ooo 

to 
250,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
111,580 



188 
168.5 



146 
130.8 



299 
268. 



57 

51. 1 



5 
4.5 



14 
12.5 



71 
63.6 



Group 
III 



3 cities, 

50.000 

to 

100,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

202.209 



169 
151. 5 



45 
40.3 



69 

61.8 



692 
620.2 



140 

125.5 



7,752 
, 947. 5 



628 
562.8 



5, 184 
, 646. 



825 
739. 4 



468 
419.4 



236 
116.7 



730 
361.0 



185 
91.5 



546 
270. 



19 
9.4 



90 
44.5 



49 
24.2 



20 
9.9 



12 

5.9 



12 
5.9 



2 



97 
48.0 



12 

5.9 



397 
196.3 



327 
161. 7 



16,636 

8. 227. 1 



1, 101 
544.5 



3.727 
1, 843. 1 



251 

124. 1 



528 
261. 1 



4, 436 
2, 193. 8 



Group 
IV 



2 cities, 
25,000 

to 
50,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
67,606 



35 

51.8 



42 
62. 1 



53 
78. t 



152 
224. S 



40 
59.2 



35 

51.8 



61 
90.2 



26 
38.5 



113.9 



2 
3.0 



Group V 



1 
1.5 



32 
47.3 



32 
47.3 



59 
87.3 



44 
65. 1 



285 
121 6 



2.589 
3, 829. 5 



267 
394.9 



254 

375. 7 



286 
423. 



30 
37.8 



25 
31.5 



2 
2.5 



13 
16.4 



60 
75.6 



47 
59.2 



205 
258.4 



182 
229.4 



1. 132. 



631 
795.4 



3. 002 
3, 784. 2 



414 
521.9 



Group 
VI 



4 cities 
under 
10,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
20,355 



13 
63.9 

78 
383.2 

15 
73.7 

48 
235. 8 



21 
103.2 



Total, 

16 
cities: 
total 
popu- 
lation, 
481.079 



2 
9.8 



3 

14.7 



51 
250. 6 



134 
658. 3 



227 
1. 115.2 



963 
4,731.0 



92 
452. 



144 
707.4 



81 
397.9 



51.5 
107. 1 



1.309 
272.1 



501 
104. 1 



1. 369 
284. 6 



128 
26.6 



139 
28.9 



17.' 
56.4 



148 
30.8 



15 
3. 1 



273 
56.7 



55 
11.4 



276 

57.4 



94 
19.5 



1, 402 
291.4 



74 * 
154. 7 



2.5. 70.5 
5, 343. 2 



.5. 17L 
1. 075. 9 



12, 943 
2. 690. 4 



1. 501 
312.0 



1. 482 

308 1 



.5. 226 
1, 086. 3 



1 No cities in this population group represented. 



56 






Table 32. — Number of offenses known, number and percentage of offenses cleared 
b7j arrest, 19' t 0, by population groups 

WEST SOUTH CENTRAL STATES 
[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Population group 



Group I.— 3 cit ies over 250,1 100; total 
i opulation, 1,043,125: 
Number of offenses known 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest 

Group II- 2 cities, 100,000 to 
250.000; total population, 382,086: 

Number of offenses known 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest . 

Group III. -5 cities, 50.000 to 
100,000; total population, 383,526: 

Number of offenses known 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest 

Group IV.— 6 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; 
total population, 221,221: 

Number of offenses known 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest . 

Group V- 18 cities, 10,000 to 
25,000; total population, 266,019: 

Number of offenses known 

Number cleared by arrest- ... 
Percentage cleared by arrest 

Group VI— 17 cities under 10.000; 
total population, 99,016: 
Number of offenses known 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest 

Total, 51 cities: total population, 
2.394,993: 
Number of offenses known . 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest — 



Criminal 
homicide 



Murder, 
nonneg- 

ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



134 

129 

96.3 



31 

- 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by- 
negli- 
gence 



Rape 



Rob- 
bery 



52 

48 
92.3 



16 

15 

93 - 



15 

10 
66 : 



113 
98 

B6 7 



24 

23 



515 

265 

51 . 5 



12 


11 


18 


12 


7 


18 


.0 


63. 6 


inn 


- 


- 


29 


17 


7 


25 



100. 86. 2 



10 

9 

90.0 



251 

2 ;• 

94.1! 



230 
93 

411.4 



192 
80 

41.7 



53 

31 

58 "■ 



123 

46 

37.4 



15 



4 
80. 



106 
91 



100. 33. 3 



220 
193 



Aggra- 
vated 

as- 
sault 



1, 138 

v77 

77.1 



Bur- 
glary — 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



386 

214 

55. 4 



310 

266 

-- - 



131 
116 



148 
130 

■7. v 



46 

42 

91.3 



3.233 

1 . 057 
32.7 



1.980 

744 
37.6 



1 . 592 
41." 



685 

228 

33.3 



804 

268 
33. 3 



295 

90 

30. 5 



Lar- 
ceny — 

theft 



Auto 
theft 



13,810 

3.128 

22.7 



5.914 
1.580 
26.7 



5, 524 
1.550 
28.1 



3,027 
834 

27.6 



3.133 
1.038 
33.1 



656 

253 

38.6 



1.128 


2. 159 


8.589 


32, 064 


3. 676 


520 


1.645 


3. 051 


S.3S3 


1.022 


46. 1 


76.2 


35. 5 


26.1 


27.^ 



1,677 

352 

21.0 



615 
293 

47. 6 



701 

154 

22.11 



278 

67 

24. 1 



333 

110 

33.0 



46 
63.9 



Table 33. 



-Persons charged (held for prostration), 1940, number and rate per 
100,000 inhabitants, by population groups 
WEST SOUTH CENTRAL STATES 
[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Group I 


Group II 


Group 
III 


Group 
IV 


Group V 


Group 
VI 


Total, 




3 cities 


2 cities, 


5 cities, 


6 cities, 


IS cities. 


17 cities 


51 cities: 

total 
popula- 


Offense charged 


over 


lOO.OOOto 


50,000 to 


25.000 to 


10,000 to 


under 




250,000; 


250.000: 


100,000: 


50,000; 


25,000; 


10,000; 




popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


2,394,993 




tion, 


tion, 


tion, 


tion. 


tion, 


tion, 




1,043,125 


382,086 




22 1.. '21 


266,019 


99,016 




Criminal homicide: 
















■fit Murder and nonnegli- 
















gent manslaughter: 
















Number of persons 
















charged 


101 


42 


29 


12 


17 


7 


208 


Rate per 100,000 


9.7 


11.0 


7.6 


o.4 


6.4 


7.1 


8.7 


(6) Manslaughter by negli- 
















gence: 
















Number of persons 
















charged 


27 


3 


7 


7 


8 


10 


62 


Rate per 100,000 

Robbery: 

Number of persons charged. 


2.6 


0.8 


1.8 


3.2 


3.0 


10.1 


2.6 


249 


98 


84 


40 


69 


6 


546 


Rate per 100,000 


23.9 


25.6 


21.9 


18. 1 


25.9 


6.1 


22. 8 


ited assault: 
















Number of persons charged. 


786 


167 


318 


109 


133 


50 


1,563 


Rateper 100,000 


75.4 


43.7 


82.9 


49.3 


50.0 


50.5 


65.3 


Other assaults: 
















Number of persons charged. 


1,038 


561 


530 


783 


676 


88 


3, »i7ti 


Rate per 100,000 


99.5 


146.8 


138.2 


353.9 


254.1 


88.9 


153. 5 



57 

Table 33. — Persons charged (held for prosecution), 1940, number and rate per 
\00,000 inhabitants, by population groups- Continued 

WEST SOUTH CENTRAL STATES— Continued 



Group I 



Offense charged 



Burglary— breaking or entering: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 
Larceny— theft: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 
Auto theft: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 - 
Embezzlement and fraud: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 . 
Stolen property: buying, receiv- 
ing, possessing: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 . 
Forgery and counterfeiting: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100.000 . 
Rape: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 
Prostitution and commercial- 
ized vice: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 
Sex offenses (except rape and 
prostitution): 

Number of persons charged. 

Rateper 100,000 .. 
Narcotic drug laws: 

Number of persons charged - 

Rate per 100,000 ... 
Weapons; carrying, possessing, 
etc.: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000 
Offenses against family and 
children: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 
Liquor laws' 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 . 
Driving while intoxicated: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000 . 
Traffic and motor vehicle laws: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 
Disorderly conduct: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000... 
Drunkenness: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000 

Vagrancy: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000 
Gambling: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000 . 
All other offenses: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 



3 cities 
over 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

1,043,125 



672 
64.4 



2, 695 

258.4 



177 
17. 



229 
22.0 



125 
12.0 



185 
17.7 



113 
10.8 



1. 651 
158. 3 



247 
23.7 



187 
17.9 



i 133 
17.8 



17 
1.6 



681 
65.3 



223, 713 
21,446.4 



11,837 
1, 134. 8 



17, 157 
1. 644. 8 



7,914 
758. 7 



1,750 
167.8 



Group II 



2 cities, 
100,000 to 
250,000: 
popula- 
tion, 
3s2,om: 



403 
105. 5 



1,241 

324.8 



166 
43.4 



93 
24.3 



161 

42. 1 



22 

5.8 



2,551 
667.7 



179 
46.8 



92 

24.1 



147 
38.5 



7 
1.8 



1. 342 
351.2 



175 

45.8 



3 32, 794 
16, 042. 1 



1,101 
288.2 



11,352 
2.971. 1 



Group 
III 



4.953 

474.8 



2, 138 
559. 6 



383. 9 



2. 594 
678.9 



5 cities, 
50.000 to 

100,000; 
popula- 
tion, 

383,526 



457 
119.2 



1. 243 
324. 1 



S7 
22.7 



48 
12.5 



63 

16.4 



91 
23.7 



22 
5.7 



279 

72.7 



263 
68.6 



95 

24. S 



74 
19.3 



3 
0.8 



180 
46.9 



370 
96.5 



Group 
[V 



6 cities, 
25,000 to 

50,000; 
popula- 
tion, 

221,221 



68, 106 
17, 757. 9 



1,522 
396.8 



8,938 
2, 330. 5 



2, 160 
563. 2 



1,196 
311.8 



1,161 
302.7 



179 
80.9 



651 
294.3 



55 
24.9 



39 

17.6 



14 
6.3 



45 
20.3 



27 

12.2 



7 
3.2 



79 
35.7 



5 
2.3 



66 

29.8 



28 
12.7 



51 
23.1 



248 
112.1 



< 12, 863 
7, 069. 6 



799 
361. 2 



6, 270 
2, 834. 3 



983 
444.4 



471 
212.9 



542 

245. 



Group V °™?P 



18 cities, 
10,000 to 
25,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
266,019 



267 
LOO. I 



300. 4 



114 
42.9 



77 
28.9 



17 



23 

8.6 



115 
43.2 



146 

54.9 



3.4 



84 
31.6 



3.4 



325 
122.2 



518 
194.7 



11,040 
4, 150. I 



1,427 
536. 4 



9, 100 
3, 420. 8 



778 
292. 5 



693 
260.5 



1,341 
504. 1 



VI 



17 cities 
under 
10,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
99,016 



81 
81.8 



56 
56.6 



15 
15. 1 



32 
32.3 



6 
6.1 



4 
4.0 



11 
11.1 



18 
18.2 



4 
4.0 



47 
47.5 



134 
135. 3 



1. 366 
1, 379. 6 



337 
340. 3 



1,832 
1, 850. 2 



156 
157.6 



171 
172.7 



265 
267.6 



Total. 

51 cities: 
total 

popula- 
tion, 

2,394,993 



2, 059 
86.0 



6, 805 
284.1 



655 

27.3 



493 
20.6 



374 
15.6 



561 
23.4 



4,607 
192.4 



925 
38.6 



393 
16.4 



576 
24.1 



1,962 
81.9 



2, 126 

88.8 



3 349, 882 
16. 064. 



17.023 
710.8 



54,649 
2,281.8 



14, 129 
589.9 



5, 748 
240. 



10. 856 
153. 3 



The number of persons charged and the rate are based on the reports of the number of cities as follows: 



Footnote 


Cities Population 


Footnote 


Cities 


Population 


1 


2 7K39I 

50 2, 100, 259 

1 204,424 


4 


5 
49 




2... 


5 


2,178.057 


3 









58 



Table 34. — Number of offenses known, number and percentage of offenses cleared 

by arrest, 1.940, by population groups 



MOUNTAIN" STATES 
[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Criminal 
















homi 


cide 
























Aggra- 


Bur- 
glary— 


Lar- 
ceny — 

theft 












Population group 


Murder, 

nonneg- 

ligent 


Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 


Rape 


Rob- 
bery 


vated 

as- 
sault 


break- 
ing or 

enter- 


Auto 
theft 




man- 

slaugh- 

ter 


negli- 
gence 








ing 






Group I.— 1 city over 250,000: popu- 


















lation, 322,412: 


















Number of offenses known. 


10 


19 


16 


200 


60 


1.140 


4,322 


507 




10 


17 


15 


105 


44 


762 


563 


331 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


100.0 


89. ■ 


93.8 


52.5 


73.3 


66.8 


13.0 


65.3 


Group II. 1 


















Group III.— 1 city, 50,000 to 100,000; 


















population, 52,162: 


















Number of offenses known _ 


1 


2 


1 


50 


22 


204 


480 


65 


Number cleared by arrest. 


1 


9 


1 


14 


16 


41 


98 


8 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


28.0 


72.7 


20.1 


20.4 


12.3 


Group IV.— 5 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; 


















total population, 231,036: 


















Number of offenses known 


7 


9 


15 


68 


27 


7* 


4. 247 


504 




7 


6 


12 


26 


20 


313 


770 


83 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


100. 


66. 7 


80.0 


38. 2 


74.1 


41.2 


18.1 


16.5 


Group V.— 9 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; 


















total population. 142.630: 


















Number of offenses known 




4 


17 


58 


27 


484 


2.206 


396 


Number cleared by arrest . ._ 


3 


3 


13 


44 


24 


231 


930 


109 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


100.0 


75.0 


7i',. 5 


75.9 


S8.9 


47.7 


42.2 


27. 5 


Group VI.— 29 cities under 10,000; 


















Total population, 160,905: 


















Number of offenses known 


5 


. 


21 


29 


.50 


563 


1. 622 


217 


Number cleared by arrest _ .. 


3 


6 


20 


19 


45 


199 


399 


91 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


60.0 


85 : 


95.2 


65.5 


90.0 


35. 3 


24.6 


41.9 


Total. 45 cities: total population, 


















909,145: 


















Number of offenses known. ... 


26 


41 


70 


405 


186 


3.151 


12, 877 


1.689 


Number cleared by arrest 


24 


:-;4 


61 


208 


149 


1. 546 


2.760 


622 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


92. 3 


S2.9 


ST. 1 


51.4 


80.1 


49.1 


21.4 


36.8 



! No cities in this population group represented. 

Table 35. — Persons charged (held for prosecution), 1940, number and rate per 
100,000 inhabitants, by population groups 

MOUNTAIN STATES 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Group I 


Group II 


Group 
III 


Group 
IV 


Group V 


Group 
VI 


Total, 
45 

cities; 
total 

popula- 
tion, 

909,145 


Offense charged 


l city 
over 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

322.412 


0) 


l city, 
50.000 to 
100,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
52,162 


5 cities, 
25,000 to 

50,000; 
popula- 
tion, 

231,036 


9 cities, 
10,000 to 

25.000; 
popula- 
tion, 

142,630 


29 cities 
under 
10,000: 

popula- 
tion, 
160,905 


Criminal homicide: 

Murder and nonnegligent man- 
slaughter: 
Number of persons charged. 


10 
3.1 

19 
5.9 

81 

25.1 






7 
3.0 

6 
2. 6 

29 
12.6 


3 
2.1 

3 
2.1 

36 

25.2 


2 
1.2 

4.4 


22 


Kate per 100,000. . 






2.4 


b) Manslaughter by negligence: 




3 

5.8 

8 
15.3 


38 


Rate per 100,000 




4.2 


Robberj : 

Number of persons charged 

Rate tier 100,000 


20 174 

12. 4 1 19. 1 



See footnote at end of table. 



59 

Table 35. — Persons charged (held for prosecution . U)',i>, number and rate per 
100,000 inhabitants, by population groups Continued 

MOl'NTAIN STATES— Continued 



Offense charged 



Aggravated assault: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 . 
Other assaults: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Burglary— breaking or entering: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 
Larceny— theft : 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Auto theft: 

Number of persons charged 

Kate per 100,000 
Embezzlement and fraud: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, pos- 
sessing: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 ... 
Forgery and counterfeiting: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000. __ 
Rape: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000... 
Prostitution and commercialized vice: 

Number of persons charged - 

Rate per 100,000 

Sex offenses (except rape and prostitu- 
tion): 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100.000 ... 
Narcotic drug laws: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc.: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 
Offenses against family and children: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100.000. . . 
Liquor laws: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Driving while intoxicated: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000... 
Traffic and motor vehicle laws: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 ... 
Disorderly conduct: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Drunkenness: 

Number of persons charged 

Kale per 100,000 

Vagrancy: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 . . 
Gambling: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 __ 
All other offenses: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 



Group I 



1 city 
over 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

322,412 



17 
5.3 



2 
0.6 



136 
42.2 



581 
180.2 



164 
50.9 



56 
17. 4 



4 
1.2 



14 

4.3 



8 
2.5 



17 
5.3 



34 

10.5 



41 
12.7 



277 
85.9 



45, 438 
1. 093. 1 



1,517 

470.5 



6.611 
2. 050. 5 



1.277 
396. 1 



182 
56.4 



692 
214.6 



Group II 



(') 



( Iroup 

111 



1 citv, 
50,000 to 

Kill. 000; 

popula- 
tion, 

52.162 



22 
42. 2 



15 

28.8 



60 
115.0 



8 
15.3 



1 
1.9 



38 

72.8 



10 
19.2 



1 

1.9 



17 
32.6 



57 
109.3 



1,817 
. 483. 4 



359 

ess 2 



748 

.434.0 



436 
835.9 



38 
72.8 



252 

483.1 



Group 
IV 



Group V 



5 cities. 
25,000 to 
50,000; 
popula- 
tion, 

231,(131. 



19 

8.2 



114 
19.3 



159 

0s s 



687 

297 1 



16 
6.9 



51 
22.1 



40 
17.3 



13 
5.6 



359 
155.4 



27 
11.7 



26 
11.3 



SI 
35.1 



50 
21.6 



268 
116.0 



34, 936 
15, 121.5 



I. 198 
1,946.9 



795 
3 44. 1 



121 
52.4 



1,582 
684.7 



9 cities, 
10,000 to 

25,000; 
popula- 
tion. 

142,630 



38 
26.6 



112 

78.5 



147 
103.1 



407 

285. 4 



92 

64.5 



113 
79.2 



9 
6.3 



62 

43.5 



14 

9.8 



133 
93.2 



20 
14.0 



4 

2. S 



21 
14.7 



28 
19.6 



256 
179.5 



10. 219 
7. h'.4. 7 



895 

027. 5 



2, 770 
1.942.1 



2, 175 
1. 524. 9 



15 
10.5 



754 
528.6 



Group 
VI 



29 cities 

under 
10,000; 
popula- 
tion, 

160,905 



42 
26. 1 



107 
66.5 



154 
95.7 



227 
141. 1 



82 
51.0 



4.4 
59 



16 
9.9 



140 

87.0 



31 
19.3 



34 

21.1 



39 
24.2 



297 
184.6 



5, 500 
3. 418. 2 



3,419 

2. 124.9 



607 
414. 5 



129 
80.2 



257 
159.7 



Total. 
15 

cities: 
total 

popula- 
tion, 

909,145 



138 
15.2 



350 
38.5 



614 
67.5 



1,962 
215.8 



388 
42.7 



228 
25.1 



173 
19.0 



58 
6.4 



670 
73.7 



38 
4.2 



129 

14. 2 



144 
15.8 



165 
18.1 



I. l.V 
127.0 



'.'7 910 
10, 769.5 



1. 369 
180.6 



18, 046 
1,984.9 



5.350 
588.5 



is;, 
53.3 



3.537 
389. 



1 No cities in this population group represented. 



60 



Table 36.- Number of off uses known, number and percentagi of offenses cleared 
by arrest, 1940, by population groups 

PACIFIC STATES 
[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Criminal 
















homicide 
























Aggra- 


Bur- 
glary- 


Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 












Population group 


Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 


Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 


Rape 


Rob- 
bery 


vated 
as- 
sault 


break - 
ing or 

enter- 
ing 


Auto 
theft 


i Iroup I.— 3 cities over 250,000; total 


















population, 1,242,093: 


















Number of offenses known 


46 


88 


139 


1.033 


492 


6,490 


16,832 


4,051 


Number cleared by arrest 


38 


74 


95 


302 


274 


1, 562 


2.645 


579 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


82.6 


84.1 


68.3 


29.2 


55.7 


24.1 


15.7 


14.3 


Group II— 5 cities, 100,000 to 250,000; 


















total population, 704,979: 


















Number of offenses known 


28 


69 


37 


483 


149 


3, 565 


11,369 


1,980 


Number cleared bv arrest 


22 


42 


29 


183 


95 


925 


1 . 887 


395 


Percentage cleared by arrest . 


78.6 


60.9 


78.4 


37. 9 


63. S 


25.9 


16.fi 


19.9 


Group III.— 5 cities, 50,000to 100,000; 


















total population, 371,950: 


















Number of offenses known 


8 


17 


34 


112 


39 


1,662 


6,250 


824 


Number cleared by arrest 


6 


10 


29 


57 


33 


649 


1. 183 


161 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


75.0 


58.8 


85.3 


50.9 


84.6 


39.0 


18.9 


19.5 


Group I V.— 12 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; 


















total population, 384,398: 


















Number of offenses known 


8 


9 


29 


173 


72 


1.759 


fi, 375 


1.062 




7 


3 


19 


64 


51 


615 


1.328 


207 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


37. 5 


33.3 


65. 5 


37.11 


70.8 


35. 


20.8 


19.5 


Group V.— 29 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; 


















total population, 409,773: 


















Number of offenses known 


16 


5 


37 


95 


49 


1.269 


5, 228 


858 


Number cleared bv arrest 


15 


4 


35 


42 


42 


461 


1.209 


310 


Percentage cleared by arresl 


93. 8 


so. 


94.6 


44.2 


85. 7 


36.3 


23.1 


36.1 


Group VI.— 67 cities under 10,000: 


















total population, 409,066: 


















Number of offenses known 


10 


6 


32 


121 


6S 


1,442 


5.889 


7Ss 


Number cleared by arrest 


9 


5 


30 


49 


50 


478 


1,359 


217 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


90.0 


83.3 


93.8 


40. 5 


73. 5 


33.1 


23.1 


27. 5 


Total, 121 cities; total population, 


















3,522.259: 


















Number of offenses known 


116 


194 


308 


2,017 


S69 


16, 187 


51,943 


9.563 


Number cleared bv arrest . 


97 


138 


237 


697 


545 


4,690 


9.611 


1,869 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


83. 6 


71.1 


76.9 


34.6 


62.7 


29.0 


18.5 


19.5 



Table 37. — Persons charged (held for prosecution), 1940, number and rate per 

100,000 inhabitants, bij population groups 

PACIFIC states 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Group I 


Group II 


Group 
III 


Group 
IV 


Group V 


Group 
V) 


Total, 
121 cities; 
total pop- 
ulation, 
3,522,259 


Offense charged 


3 cities 
over 


5 cities, 

100,000 to 


5 cities, 
50,000 to 


12 cities, 

25,000 to 


29 cities, 
10,000 to 


67 cities 
under 




250,000; 


250,000; 


100,000; 


50.000; 


25,000; 


10,000: 




popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 




tion. 


tion, 


tion. 


tion, 


tion. 


tion. 






1,242,093 


704,979 


371 .950 


384,398 


409.773 


409,066 




Criminal homicide: 
















(a) Murder and nonnegli- 
















gehl manslaughter: 
















Number of persons 
















charged 


34 


23 




11 


10 


9 


92 


Kate per 100.000 


2.7 


3.3 


1.3 


2.9 


2.4 


2.2 


2.6 


(b) Manslaughter by negli- 
















gence: 
















Number of persons 
















charged 


135 


33 


10 


3 


5 


4 


190 


Kate pi r loii.ooo 


10.9 


4.7 


2.7 


0.8 


1.2 


1.0 


5.4 


ery: 
















Number of persons charged. 


246 


142 


90 


69 


07 


47 


661 


Rate per 100,000 


19. S 


20. 1 


24. 2 


IS. 


16.4 


li.:, 


is. s 



61 



Table 37. — Perso7is charged (held for prosecution), 19 ',0, number and rate per 
100,000 inhabitants, by population groups — Continued 

PACIFIC STATES— Continued 



Group I 



Offense charged 



Aggravated assault: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Other assaults: 

Number of persons charged _ 

Rate per 100,000 

Burglary — breaking or entering: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000 

Larceny — theft: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Auto theft: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000 

Embezzlement and fraud: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Stolen property; buying, re- 
ceiving, possessing: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000... 

Forgery and counterfeiting: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Rape: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Prostitution and commercial- 
ized vice: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Sex offenses (except rape and 
prostitution') : 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Narcotic drug laws: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, 
etc.: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Offenses against family and 
children: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000... 
Liquor laws: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000. 
Driving while intoxicated: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Traffic and motor vehicle laws: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Disorderly conduct: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Drunkenness: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

Vagrancy: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Gambling: 

Number of persons charged. 

Rate per 100,000 

All other offenses: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000 



3 cities 
over 

250,01X1: 

popula- 
tion, 

1.242.093 



241 
19.4 



975 

78.5 



708 
57.0 



2,135 
171.9 



482 
38.8 



143 
11.5 



72 

5.8 



456 
36.7 



75 
6.0 



5,039 
405. 7 



32.8 



294 
23.7 



493 
39.7 

35 

2.8 

1,536 
123.7 

570, 138 
45,901.4 

1,520 
122. 4 

58, 77 1 
4.731.6 

9,397 
756. 5 

6,203 
499.4 

3.737 
300.9 



Group II 



5 cities, 
100,000 to 
250,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
704,979 



63 



415 
58.9 



341 

48.4 



1,171 

166. 1 



177 
25.1 



12.6 



16 
2.3 



132 
18.7 



16 
2.3 



1,126 
159.7 



81 
11. 5 



38 
5.4 



46 
6.5 



16 

2.3 

115 
16.3 

1,220 
173.1 

i 85, 158 
15, 749. 4 

1,871 
265.4 

16. 574 

2.351.0 

8,704 
1. 234. 6 

1, 146 
162.6 

4,149 
588.5 



Group 
III 



5 cities, 
50,000 to 
100,000; 
popula- 
tion. 
371,950 



33 



194 
52.2 



394 
105.9 



590 
158. 6 



42 
11.3 



23.9 



24 
6.5 



108 
29.0 



1.9 



18 
4.8 



140 
37.6 



1.144 
307.6 



63,415 
17, 049. 3 



589 
158. 4 



5.091 
1. 368. 7 



1,839 
494.4 



167 
44.9 



1, 566 
421.0 



Group 
IV 



12 cities, 
25,000 to 

50,000; 
popula- 
tion, 

384.398 



63 

16.4 



Group V G ™ U P 



29 cities, | 67 cities 
10,000 to under 



134 
34.9 



467 
121.5 



618 

160.8 



124 
32.3 



24 
6.2 



148 
38.5 



22 
5.7 



561 
145.9 



63 
16.4 



1.8 



46 
12.0 



1. 246 

324. 1 



66, 126 
17,202.5 



539 
140.2 



7,866 
2, 046. 3 



1,910 
496.9 



249 
64.8 



1,100 
286.2 



25,000; 
popula- 
tion. 
409,773 



58 
14.2 



196 

47.8 



337 

82.2 



812 



216 
52.7 



47 
11.5 



14 
3.4 



116 
28.3 



69 
16.8 



10 
2.4 



34 

8.3 



85 
20.7 



16.8 



1,529 
373.1 



47, 670 
11,633.3 



1.502 
366. 5 



10,037 

2, 1 19 1 



2, 441 

595. 7 



410 

100.1 



1,965 
479.5 



10.000; 
popula- 
tion. 

109.1166 



Total, 
121 cities: 
total pop 
ulation, 

3.522,259 



62 
15.2 



260 
63.6 



369 
90.2 



1, 002 
244.9 



197 

48.2 



47 
11.5 



34 

8.3 



173 

42.3 



29 
7.1 



32 

7.8 



51 
12.5 



2.2 



38 
9.3 



36 



140 
34.2 



1.827 
446.6 



36,060 
8, 815. 2 



1, 446 
353. 5 



11.068 
2, 705. 7 



2,167 
529.7 



264 
64.5 



2,421 
591.8 



1(19. 107 
3. 106 2 



26. i:.s 
751 2 



8, 439 
239. 6 



14,938 

421 ! 



1-2 The number of persons charged and the rate are 
(1) 4 cities. 540.70S population; (2) 120 cities, 3,357,98 



based on the reports of the number of cities as follows: 
i population. 



OFFENSE CLASSIFICATIONS 

In order to indicate more clearly the types of offenses included in part I and 
part II offenses, there follows a brief definition of each classification: 

Part I Offenses. 

1. Criminal homicide. — (a) Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter includes all 
wilful felonious homicides as distinguished from deaths caused by negligence. 
Does not include attempts to kill, assaults to kill, suicides, accidental deaths, or 
justifiable homicides. Justifiable homicides excluded from this classification are 
limited to the following types of cases: (1) The killing of a felon by a peace officer 
in line of duty; (2) the killing of a hold-up man by a private citizen. (b) Man- 
slaughter by negligence includes any death which the police investigation estab- 
lishes was primarily attributable to gross negligence on the part of some individual 
other than the victim. 

2. Rape. — Includes forcible rape, statutory rape (no force used — victim under 
age of consent), assault to rape, and attempted rape. 

3. Robbery. — -Includes stealing or taking anything of value from the person by 
force or violence or by putting in fear, such as strong-arm robbery, stick-ups, 
robbery armed. Includes assault to rob and attempt to rob. 

4. Aggravated assault. — Includes assault with intent to kill; assault by shooting, 
cutting, stabbing, maiming, poisoning, scalding, or by the use of acids. Does not 
include simple assault, assault and battery, fighting, etc. 

5. Burglary — breaking or entering. — Includes burglary, housebreaking, safe- 
cracking, or any unlawful entry to commit a felony or a theft, even though no force 
was used to gain entrance. Includes attempted burglary. Burglary followed by 
larceny is included in this classification and not counted again as larceny. 

6. Larceny — theft (except auto theft). — (a) Fifty dollars and over in value; (b) 
under §50 in value — includes in one of the above subclassifications, depending 
upon the value of the property stolen, thefts of bicycles, automobile accessories, 
shoplifting, pocket-picking, or any stealing of property or article of value which 
is not taken by force and violence or by fraud. Does not include embezzlement, 
"con" games, forgery, worthless checks, etc. 

7. Auto theft- — Includes all cases where a motor vehicle is stolen or driven 
away and abandoned, including the so-called joy-riding thefts. Does not include 
taking for temporary use when actually returned by the taker, or unauthorized use 

I hose having lawful access to the vehicle. 
Part II Offenses. 

8. Other assaults. — Includes all assaults and attempted assaults which are not 
of an aggravated nature and which do not belong in class 4. 

9. Forgery and counterfeiting. — Includes offenses dealing with the making, 
altering, uttering, or possessing, with intent to defraud, anything false which is 
made to appear true. Includes attempts. 

10. Embezzlement and fraud. — Includes all offenses of fraudulent conversion, 
embezzlement, and obtaining money or property by false pretenses. 

11. Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing. — Includes buying, receiving, 
and possessing stolen property as well as attempts to commit any of those offenses. 

12. Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. — Includes all violations of regulations 
Mites controlling the carrying, using, possessing, furnishing, and manufactur- 

(62) 



63 

ing of deadly weapons or silencers and all attempts to violate such statutes or 
regulations. 

13. Prostitution and commercialized vice. — Includes sex offenses of a commercial- 
ized nature, or attempts to commit the same, such as prostitution, keeping 
bawdy house, procuring, transporting, or detaining women for immoral purposes. 

14. Sex offenses (except rape and prostitution and commercialized vice). — In- 
cludes offenses against chastity, common decency, morals, and the like. Includes 
attempts. 

15. Offenses against the family ami children. — Includes offenses of nonsupport, 
neglect, desertion, or abuse of family and children. 

16. Narcotic drug laws. — Includes offenses relating to narcotic drugs, such as 
unlawful possession, sale, or use. Exclude Federal offenses. 

17. Liquor laws. — With the exception of "Drunkenness" (class 18) and "Driving 
while intoxicated" (class 22), liquor law violations, State or local, are placed in 
this class. Exclude Federal violations. 

18. Drunkenness. — Includes all offenses of drunkenness or intoxication. 

19. Disorderly conduct. — ■Includes all charges of committing a breach of the 
peace. 

20. Vagrancy. — Includes such offenses as vagabondage, begging, loitering, etc. 

21. Gambling. — Includes offenses of promoting, permitting, or engaging in 
gambling. 

22. Driving while intoxicated. — Includes driving or operating any motor vehicle 
while drunk or under the influence of liquor or narcotics. 

23. Violation of road and driving laws. — Includes violations of regulations with 
respect to the proper handling of a motor vehicle to prevent accidents. 

24. Parking violations. — Includes violations of parking ordinances. 

25. Other violations of traffic and motor vehicle laws. — Includes violations of 
State laws and municipal ordinances with regard to traffic and motor vehicles 
not otherwise provided for in classes 22-24. 

26. All other offenses. — Includes all violations of State or local laws foe which 
no provision has been made above in classes 1-25. 

27. Suspicion. — This classification includes all persons arrested as suspicious 
characters, but not in connection with any specific offense, who are released with- 
out formal charges being placed against them. 

o 






UNIFORM 

CRIME 
REPORTS 



FOR THE UNITED STATES 
AND ITS POSSESSIONS 




ISSUED BY THE 

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 

WASHINGTON, D. C. 



Volume XII Number 2 

SECOND QUARTERLY BULLETIN, 1941 



UNIFORM 
CRIME REPORTS 

FOR THE UNITED STATES 
AND ITS POSSESSIONS 



Volume XII — Number 2 
SECOND QUARTERLY BULLETIN, 1941 



Issued by the 

Federal Bureau of Investigation 

United States Department of Justice 

Washington, D. C. 




ADVISORY 



International Association of Chiefs of Police 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1941 



U. S. SUPERINTENDENT I 

AUG 25 1941 

CONTENTS 



Page 

Summary of volume XII, No. 2 65-66 

Classification of offenses 66-67 

Extent of reporting area 67-68 

Monthly reports: 

Offenses known to the police — cities divided according to population 

(table 38) 69-70 

Annual trends, offenses known to the police, 1940-41 (table 39) 70-73 

Offenses known to the police — cities divided according to location 

(tables 40, 41) 74-78 

Offenses in individual cities over 100,000 in population (table 42) 79-81 

Offenses known to sheriffs and State police (table 43) 82 

Offenses known in Territories and possessions (table 44) 82-83 

Data from supplementary offense reports (tables 45-47) 83-89 

Police employee data: 

Police killed by criminals, 1940 (table 48) 90-91 

Number of police employees, 1940 (tables 49-53) 91-117 

Data compiled from fingerprint cards, 1941: 

Sex distribution of persons arrested (table 54) 119-120 

Age distribution of persons arrested (tables 55-57) 121-124 

Number with records showing previous convictions (table 58) 124-125 

Definitions of part I and part II offense classifications 127-128 



ANNOUNCEMENT 

An index to the Uniform Crime Reports bulletins issued during; 
the years 1930-1939, volumes I-X, has been prepared by the FBI. 
A copy of the Ten Year Index may be obtained by addressing a 
request to: Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation, United States 
Department of Justice, Washington, D. C. 

(ii) 



UNIFORM CRIME REPORTS 

J. Edgar Hoover, Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation, U. S. Department 
of Justice, Washington, D. C. 

Volume XII July 1941 Number 2 

SUMMARY 

Crime Trends, January- June, 1940-41. 

Murders increased 7.6 percent the first half of this year compared 
with the same period of 1940. Other increases were: Rape, 3.6 per- 
cent; auto theft, 3.0 percent; aggravated assault, 2.6 percent; and 
negligent manslaughter, 1.3 percent. Decreases were as follows: 
robbery, 9.0 percent; burglary, 5.8 percent; and larceny, 1.2 percent. 

The crime situation during the second quarter of 1941 was generally 
more favorable than it was during the first quarterly period. With 
few exceptions the increases which started during January-March 
were less pronounced and the decreases more emphatic during the 
second quarter. 
Distribution of Crimes, 1941. 

The police in 2,034 cities with a combined population of 64,095,186 
reported, during the first half of the year, a total of 425,253 offenses. 
Fifty-nine and two-tenths percent of the crimes reported were lar- 
cenies; 21.6 percent were burglaries; 11.8 percent were auto thefts; 
and 3.2 percent were robberies. The remaining 4.2 percent were 
criminal homicides, rapes, and other felonious assaults. Crimes 
against property occurred per unit of population with greatest fre- 
quency in cities with over 100,000 inhabitants. Murder and felonious 
assault rates were highest in cities with population from 50,000 to 
100,000. 
Police Employees, 1940. 

Last year 13 police officers were killed by criminals in 410 cities 
over 25,000 in population. The rate was 1.24 police officers killed per 
5,000,000 inhabitants, a considerably better record than that of 2 and 
3 years previous when the figure was 3.91. The increasing number of 
police training schools throughout the nation including instruction in 
the use of firearms, technique of arrests, and related subjects is possi- 
bly a factor contributing to this favorable trend. 

Generally the larger cities have more employees per unit of popula- 
tion than the smaller communities. Reports received from cities in 

(65) 



G6 

the New England, Middle Atlantic, and South Atlantic States generally 
showed a larger number of police employees than those in other 
sections of the country. 

Figures arc included in this issue of the bulletin showing the aver- 
age number of police employees per 1,000 inhabitants in cities grouped 
by size and location. The data are also presented for individual 
communities. 
Persons Arrested, 1941. 

The examination of 313,204 fingerprint arrest records during the 
first half of 1941 revealed that persons under 25 years of age repre- 
sented 54.6 percent of those charged with robbery, 62.8 percent of 
those charged with burglary, 48.9 percent of those charged with lar- 
ceny, and 74.6 percent of those charged with auto thefts. 

Nine and one-tenth percent of the arrested persons were women, 
which is an increase over the first half of 1940 when the percentage of 
women arrested was 8.2. The number of women arrested and finger- 
printed during the first half of 1941 was 28,450 as compared with 
24,362 in the first 6 months of 1940. This is an increase of 4,088 or 
16.8 percent. For criminal homicide the figure increased from 309 
in 1940 to 362 in 1941, an increase of 17.2 percent. Corresponding 
percentage increases in other crime classes were as follows: assault, 
22.4; burglary, 20.3; auto theft, 19.4; forgery and counterfeiting, 17.0; 
sex offenses other than rape, 15.7; driving while intoxicated, 38.3; 
disorderly conduct, 28.3; drunkenness, 35.4; and vagrancy, 27.8. It 
should be noted that these figures are limited to persons fingerprinted 
and therefore are not necessarily representative of the trends which 
would be reflected if data were available concerning the number of 
women arrested who were not fingerprinted. 

CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENSES 

The term "offenses known to the police" is designed to include those 
crimes designated as part I classes of the uniform classification occur- 
ring within the police jurisdiction, whether they become known to the 
police through reports of police officers, of citizens, of prosecuting or 
court officials, or otherwise. They are confined to the following group 
of seven classes of grave offenses, shown by experience to be those 
most generally and completely reported to the police: Criminal 
homicide, including (a) murder, nonnegligent manslaughter, and (b) 
manslaughter by negligence; rape; robbery; aggravated assault; 
burglary — breaking or entering; larceny— theft; and auto theft. The 
figures contained herein include also the number of attempted crimes 
of the designated classes. In other words, an attempted burglary or 
robbery, for example, is reported in (he bulletin in the same manner as 
if the crime had been completed. Attempted murders, however, are 
reported as aggravated assaults. 



G7 

"Offenses known to the police" include, therefore, all of the above 
offenses, including - attempts, which are reported by the police depart- 
ments of contributing- cities, and not merely arrests or cleared case--. 
Offenses committed by juveniles are included in the same manner as 
those 1 known to have been committed by adults, regardless of the 
prosecutive action. Complaints which upon investigation are learned 
to be groundless are not included in the tabulations which follow . 

In publishing the data sent in by chiefs of police in different cities, 
the FBI does not vouch for their accuracy. The}^ are given out as 
current information which may throw some light on problems of 
crime and criminal-law enforcement. 

In compiling the tables, returns which were apparently incomplete 
or otherwise defective were excluded. 

In the last section of this bulletin may be found brief definitions 
of part I and part II offense classifications. 

EXTENT OF REPORTING AREA 

In the following table there is shown the number of police depart- 
ments from which one or more crime reports were received during the 
first half of 1941. The cities represented are classed according to size, 
and the population figures employed are from the 1940 decennial 
census. 



Population group 


Total 
number 
of cities 
or towns 


Cities filing returns 


Total 
population 


Population repre- 
sented in returns 




Number 


Percent 


Number 


Percent 


Total 


1,077 


1,007 


93. 5 


62, 715, 897 


61, 358, 575 


97.8 


1. Cities over 250,000, 


37 

55 
107 
213 
665 


37 
55 
102 
207 
606 


100.0 
100.0 
95.3 
97.2 
91.1 


30, 195, 339 
7. 792, 650 
7,343,917 

7, 417, 093 
9, 966, 898 


30, 195, 339 
7, 792, 650 
7, 031, 696 
7, 187, 698 
9,151,192 


100.0 


2. Cities 100,000 to 250,000 

3. Cities 50,000 to 100,000- ._ 


100.0 

95 7 


4. Cities 25.000 to 50.(100 

5. Cities 10,000 to 25,000 


96.9 

91 S 







Note. — The above table does not include 1,866 cities, villages, and rural townships aggregating a total 
population of 9, 440, 124. The cities and villages included in this figure are those of less than 10,000 populatioa 
filing returns, whereas the rural townships are of varying population groups. 

The growth of the uniform crime reporting area is indicated in ttie 
following tabulation. These figures were compiled for the first 6 
months of 1932-41. 



Year 


Number 
of cities 


Population 


Year 


Number 
of citirs 


Population 


1932 

1933 


1. 536 
1,606 
1,645 
1,949 
2,189 


52, 692, 749 
54, 208, 740 

62, 319, 945 

63, 270, 583 

64, 648, 798 


1937.. 

1938. 

1939 


2, 278 

2.512 
2,615 
2,644 

2, *::( 


05,241,398 
66,659 040 


1934 


67 293 028 


1935 


1940 


67 894 245 


1936. . 


1941 


70, 798, 699 





68 

The additional 229 cities shown in the foregoing comparison for the 
first half of 1941 as compared with the corresponding period of 1940 
account in part for the increase of 2,904,454 in the total population. 
However, a large portion of the increase in population results from the 
use of 1940 population figures in presenting the combined population 
of the 2,873 cities. The total population of the cities represented for 
the years prior to 1941 is based on the 1930 decennial census, with the 
exception that the 1933 estimates of the Bureau of the Census were 
used for cities over 10,000 in population. 

A total of 4,700 law-enforcement agencies contributed one or more 
crime reports during the first half of 1941. This includes 2,873 city 
and village law-enforcement agencies, 1,805 sheriffs, 9 State police 
units, and 13 agencies in Territories and possessions of the United 
States. 



MONTHLY REPORTS 

Offenses Known to the Police — Cities Divided According to Population. 

During the first half of 1941 a total of 425,253 offenses were shown 
on the monthly reports received from 2,034 cities over 2,500 in popu- 
lation. The majority (59.2 percent) of the offenses were larcenies; 
21.6 percent were burglaries; 11.8 percent were auto thefts; 3.2 
percent were robberies; and the remaining 4.2 percent were offenses 
of criminal homicide, rape, and aggravated assault. 

Offenses against property (robbery, burglary, larceny, and auto 
theft) occurred more frequently per unit of population in cities with 
100,000 or more inhabitants than in the smaller communities. Murder 
and aggravated assault rates were highest in cities with population 
from 50,000 to 100,000. 

The combined population of the cities whose reports were used in 
the tabulations is 64,095,186. The number of offenses reported and 
the rate per 100,000 inhabitants are shown in table 38 with the cities 
grouped according to size in order that comparisons may be made 
between the figures of a local community and national averages for 
cities of the same population group. Similar data for cities grouped 
not only by size but also by location may be found in table 41. 

(69) 



70 

Table 38.— Offenses known to the police, January to June, inclusive, 1941; number 
a?id rate per 100,000 inhabitants, by population groups 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Population group 



36 cities over 250,000; total popula- 
lion, 29,894,166: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 . . 



55 cities, 100,000 to 250,000; total 
population, 7,792,650: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 



GROUP III 

92 cities, 50,000 to 100,00(1; total 
population, 6,430,879: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 



GROUP IV 

176 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; total 
population, 6,135,696: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 



GROUP V 

504 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; total pop- 
ulation, 7,663,764: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 



GROUP VI 

1,171 cities under 10,000; total popu- 
lation, 6,178,031: 
Number of offenses known 
Rate per 100,000.. 



Total 2,034 cities; total population, 
64,095,186: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 



Criminal 

homicide 



Murder, 
nonneg- 

ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



841 
2.81 



257 
3.30 



Ml 
2.35 



1 22 
1.59 



111 
1.80 



1,698 
2.65 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 

negli- 
gence 



693 
2.32 



187 

2.40 



Its 
.'. 30 



76 
1.23 



1, 269 
1.98 



Rape 



1, 685 
5.64 



148 
2.41 



249 

3.25 



245 
3.97 



4.49 



Rob- 
bery 



10. Otis 
33.7 



1,211 

18.8 



883 

14.4 



803 
10.5 



585 
9.5 



15, 335 
23.9 



Aggra- 
vated 
as- 
sault 



7,221 
24.2 



2, 133 
27.4 



2,072 
32.2 



1, 098 
17.9 



1 , 283 
16. 7 



738 
11.9 



14, 545 
22. 7 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



38, 4113 
187.6 



15,449 
198. 3 



10,902 
169.5 



8, 928 
145.5 



9,174 
119.7 



5. 982 
96.8 



Lar- 

renv— 
theft 



Auto 
theft 



i 101,071 
492.8 



39, 375 
505. 3 



311,918 
480.8 



28, 296 
161.2 



27. 532 
359. 2 



16,676 
269.9 



' 243. 868 
445.8 



30,341 

101.5 



8,099 
103.9 



5, 589 

86. 'J 



5, 105 

83. 2 



4,683 

61. 1 



2. 943 
17 6 



56. 760 
88.6 



1 The number of offenses and rate for burglary and larceny-theft are based on reports as follows: Group I, 
34 cities, total population, 20,507,837; groups I-VI, 2,032 cities, total population, 54,708,857. 

Annual Trends, Offenses Known to the Police, 1940-41. 

During the first half of 1941, crimes against the person have in- 
creased, whereas offenses against property have decreased with the 
exception of auto theft. This is shown by the figures in table 39, 
which is based on reports from 353 cities, each with population in 
excess of 25,000. 

Murder increased 7.6 percent; negligent manslaughter, 1.3 percent; 
rape, 3.6 percent; other felonious assault, 2.6 percent; and auto theft, 
3.0 percent. Decreases were shown as follows: Robbery, 9.0 per- 
cent; burglary, 5.8 percent; and larceny, 1.2 percent. 



71 

With few exceptions, the comparative tabulation reveals a more 
favorable situation in the second quarter of 1941 than in the first 
quarterly period. Generally, for those offense classes showing in- 
creases, they are less pronounced in the second 3-month period of 
this year; and for the crimes showing decreases, the downward trend 
is more emphatic. The exceptions to this general statement are 
negligent manslaughter, rape, and aggravated assault. Negligent 
manslaughter decreased in the first quarter, but showed an increase 
in the second 3-month period; aggravated assault showed a larger 
increase in the second quarter of the year than in the first; and rape 
showed substantially the same rate of increase in both quarters. 

Table 39 includes comparative figures for the 353 cities divided into 
4 groups by size, and considerable variation appears in the trends 
reflected by the data for the several groups. In murder, for example, 
3 groups showed increases in 1941 as compared with 1940, whereas 
the group composed of cities with population in excess of 250,000 
experienced a decrease. For only 2 types of crimes did all 4 groups 
of cities report similar trends; in burglaries all experienced decreases, 
while in auto thefts all groups showed increases. For the remaining 
offense classes, some groups reported increases while others showed 
decreases. 



4 or, 4 50°— 41 



72 



Table 39.- — Annual trends, offenses known to the police, cities over 25,000 in popula- 
tion, January to June, inclusive, 1940—41 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Population group 



36 cities over 250,000; total popula 
tion, 29,894,166: 

January to March 1940_ 

January to March 1941 _ . 

April to June 1940 

April to June 1941 

January to June 1940 

January to June 1941 



55 cities, 100,000 to 250,000; total 
population, 7,792,650: 

January to March 1940 

January to March 1941 

April to June 1940 

April to June 1941 

January to June 1940 . 

January to June 1941 

group in 

91 cities, 50,000 to 100,000; total 
population, 6,373,839: 

January to March 1940 

January to March 1941 _ 

April to June 1940 

April to June 1941 

January to June 1940 

January to June 1941 

GROUP IV 

171 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; total 
population, 5,980,097: 

January to March 1940 

January to March 1941 

April to June 1940 

April to June 1941 

January to June 1940 

January to June 1941 

GROUPS i-iv 

353 cities; total population, 50,040,< 
752: 

January to March 1940. . 

January to March 1941 

April to June 1940 

April to June 1941 

January to June 1940__ 

January to June 1941 



Criminal 












homicide 




















Aggra- 


Bur- 
glary— 


Lar- 
ceny — 
theft 






Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 


Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 


Rape 


Rob- 
bery 


vated 
as- 
sault 


break- 
ing or 

enter- 
ing 


379 


1268 


809 


6,030 


3,191 


2 20, 998 


2 48, 848 


401 


'261 


826 


5,650 


3,158 


2 20, 554 


2 50, 581 


478 


i 216 


836 


5,107 


3,939 


2 19, 628 


2 52, 140 


440 


1255 


859 


4,418 


4,063 


2 17, 909 


2 50, 490 


857 


1484 


1.645 


11,137 


7,130 


2 40, 626 


2 100, 988 


841 


i 516 


1,685 


10, 068 


7,221 


2 38, 463 


-'101,071 


111 


106 


123 


1,183 


887 


8,134 


19, 993 


130 


104 


121 


1,013 


986 


8,152 


19, 547 


118 


84 


140 


927 


1,016 


7,987 


20, 380 


127 


83 


165 


772 


1, 147 


7,297 


19, 828 


229 


190 


263 


2,110 


1,903 


16, 121 


40, 373 


257 


187 


286 


1,785 


2, 133 


15, 449 


39, 375 


71 


64 


91 


617 


903 


5,975 


15.033 


113 


82 


131 


671 


935 


5,637 


15, 270 


79 


67 


128 


548 


1, 147 


5,813 


16, 161 


107 


66 


136 


533 


1,129 


5,200 


15, 539 


150 


131 


219 


1,165 


2.050 


11, 788 


31, 194 


220 


148 


267 


1,204 


2,064 


10, 837 


30, 809 


52 


60 


89 


487 


494 


4, 535 


12, 997 


55 


36 


72 


469 


478 


4,491 


13, 132 


62 


51 


86 


396 


593 


4,973 


15, 755 


80 


41 


76 


387 


596 


4, 208 


14, 600 


114 


111 


175 


883 


1,087 


9,508 


28, 752 


135 


77 


148 


856 


1,074 


8,789 


27, 732 


613 


■498 


1,112 


8,317 


5,475 


2 39, 642 


2 96, 871 


699 


1483 


1,150 


7,803 


5,557 


2 38, 834 


2 98, 530 


737 


1418 


1,190 


6,978 


6,695 


2 38, 401 


2 104, 436 


754 


1445 


1,236 


6,110 


6,935 


2 34, 704 


2 100, 457 


1,350 
1,453 


i 916 
1928 


2,302 
2,386 


15,295 
13,913 


12, 170 
12, 492 


2 78, 043 
2 73, 538 


2 201,307 
2 198, 987 



i The number of offenses of manslaughter is based on reports as follows: Group I, 35 cities, total popula- 
tion, 22,439,171; groups I-IV, 352 cities, total population, 42,585,757. 

2 The number of offenses of burglary and larceny-theft is based on reports as follows: Group I, 34 cities, 
total population, 20,507,837; groups I-IV, 351 cities, total population, 40,654,423. 



73 




74 

Offenses Known to the Police — Cities Divided According to Location. 

Crime is a social disease, and its occurrence is affected by several 
factors which vary in force and extent among the different sections of 
the country. Thus, the extent of crime itself varies greatly among 
the several States and larger geographic divisions. The textual 
matter immediately preceding table 42 indicates some of the factors 
affecting the extent of crime in individual communities. 

In order that regional crime averages might be available to individ- 
uals interested in making comparisons, the data presented in table 38 
concerning the number of offenses of murder, robbery, aggravated 
assault, burglary, larceny, and auto theft per 100,000 inhabitants 
were further subdivided according to the 9 geographic divisions. 
This information is presented in table 41. The figures in table 40 
indicate the number of cities represented in each population group 
within the various geographic divisions. 

Table 40. — Number of cities included in the tabulation of uniform crime reports, 
January to June, inclusive, 1941 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Division 



Population 



Group 
I 



Over 

250,000 



Group 
II 



100,000 

to 
250,000 



Group 
III 



50,000 

to 
100,000 



Group 
IV 



25,000 

to 
50,000 



Group 
V 



10,000 

to 
25,000 



Group 
VI 



Less 
than 
10,000 



Total 



GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION 

New England: 172 cities; total population, 
5,450,670 

Middle Atlantic: 491 cities; total population, 
18,696,776 

East North Central: 503 cities; total popula- 
tion, 16,048,208 

West North Central: 238 cities; total popula- 
tion, 5,195,832 

South Atlantic: i 171 cities; total population, 
5,500,577 

East South Central: 73 cities; total popula- 
tion, 2,301,881 

West South Central: 119 cities; total popula- 
tion, 3,651,650 

Mountain: 89 cities; total population, 
1,384,512 .. ... .. 

Pacific: 178 cities; total population, 5,865,0S0.. 

Total: 2,034 cities; total population, 
64,095,186 



64 

124 

108 

58 

42 

19 

31 

18 
40 



61 

301 

301 

153 

86 

36 

64 

61 
108 



1.171 



172 

491 

503 

238 

171 

73 

119 

89 
178 



2.034 



1 Includes report of the District of Columbia. 



I .) 




70 

In order that the information may be readily available, there are 
listed below the States included in the nine geographic divisions. 



States Divided by Geographic Division 



New England: 
Connecticut. 
Maine. 

Massachusetts. 
New Hampshire. 
Rhode Island. 
Vermont. 



Middle Atlantic: 
New Jersey. 
New York. 
Pennsylvania. 



East North Central: 
Illinois. 
Indiana. 
Michigan. 
Ohio. 
Wisconsin. 



West North Central: 
Iowa. 
Kansas. 
Minnesota. 
Missouri. 
Nebraska. 
North Dakota. 
South Dakota. 



South Atlantic: ' 
Delaware. 
Florida. 
Georgia. 
Maryland. 
North Carolina. 
South Carolina. 
Virginia. 
West Virginia. 



East South Central: 
Alabama. 
Kentucky. 
Mississippi. 
Tennessee. 



West South Central: 
Arkansas. 
Louisiana. 
Oklahoma. 
Texas. 



Mountain: 
Arizona. 
Colorado. 
Idaho. 
Montana. 
N evada. 
New Mexico. 
Utah. 
Wyoming. 



Pacific : 

California. 

Oregon. 

Washington. 



> Includes the District of Columbia. 



Table 41. — Number of offenses known to the police -per 100,000 inhabitants, Janu- 
ary to June, inclusive, 1941, by geographic divisions and population groups 
[Based on 1940 decennial census] 



Geographic division and population 
group 



New England: 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI... 

Total, groups I-VI... 

Middle Atlantic: 

< iroup I 

GroupII 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

Total, groups I-VT. 
Sec footnotes at end of table 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



0.98 
.44 
.65 
.66 
.59 

1.31 



.70 



1.98 
.76 

1. 10 
.47 
.76 
.38 



1.48 



Robbery 



12.8 
7. 1 
5.8 
4.0 
2.4 
2.9 



6.3 



13.5 
8.5 

11.9 
8.3 
7. 7 
5.1 



11.4 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



8. 1 
5.5 
4.4 
1.3 
3. 1 
3.7 



18.7 
14.6 
16. 1 
11.6 
10.1 
6.3 



15.8 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



71.2 
189.5 
143. 6 
116.4 
90.0 
83.3 



122.8 



i 159. 5 
115.0 
132. 4 
102. 3 
88.6 
64.2 



Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 



165. 8 
349. 1 
298. 5 
2S4. s 
189.0 
160.6 



253. 9 



' 223. 6 
226. 6 
253.5 
230. 1 
194.7 
152. 1 



2 210. 8 



Auto 
theft 



162.8 
104.5 
71.2 
56. 6 
32.1 
24.6 



83. 



79.7 
78.9 
67.1 
53. 4 
48.4 
34.5 



70.2 



77 

Table 41. — Number of offenses known to the police per 100,000 inhabitants, Janu- 
ary to June, inclusive, 1941, by geographic divisions and population groups — 
Continued 



Geographic division and population 
group 



East North Central: 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 



Total, groups I-VL 

West North Central: 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV ... 

Group V 

Group VI 



Total, groups I-VL 

South Atlantic:' 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 



Total, groups I-VI_ 

East South Central: 

Group I .- 

Group II _ 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 



Total, groups I- VI. 

West South Central: 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 



Total, groups I- VI. 



Mountain: 
Group I . 
Group 1 1 
Group Ill- 
Group IV. 
Group V . 
Group VI 



Total, groups I- VI. 



Pacific: 
Group I 
Group II . 
Group III. 
Group IV 
Group V 
Group VI. 



Total, groups I- VI 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



2.75 
2.43 
2.16 
1.08 
.49 
1.06 



2.07 



2.71 
1.94 
1.09 
1.22 
.47 
.93 



1.71 



6.30 
9.46 
9. 13 
10.29 
7.88 
2.82 



7.74 



7.05 
15. 23 
7.83 
7.00 
5.61 
14.06 



8.95 



7.07 
4.39 
6.70 
4.40 
3.61 
6.85 



5.92 



.62 



4.25 
1.92 
1.52 
2.80 



.73 



1.73 
1.42 
2. II 
2.06 
.53 
.98 



1.55 



Robbery 



56. 3 

23.6 
20. 1 
14. 7 
13.2 



35.8 



23.6 
19.4 
8.7 
6.1 
8.1 
5.9 



15.2 



40.6 
49.0 
31. 2 

26.6 
15.4 
18.3 



34.3 



58.9 
28.7 
31.0 
22.5 
14.7 
16.3 



37.1 



24.0 
42.3 
26.6 
27.8 
16.2 
14.0 



25.4 



39.4 
14.7 
48.5 
10.5 
12.5 
17.1 



22.8 



55.9 
31.6 
15.0 
24.5 
17.2 
16.0 



39. 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



21.0 

20.9 

20.6 

7.4 

7.5 

4.4 



16.3 



14.5 
11.8 
3.6 

.9 
7.4 
4.9 



9.6 



43. 1 
69. 7 
95.6 
84.5 
97.2 
55.6 



113.0 
104. 6 
66.9 
55. 7 
29.5 
41.1 



83.2 



43.8 
44.3 
52.3 
36.9 
30.8 
22.0 



40.7 



9.0 
9.3 

18.7 
6.2 
3.8 

17.7 



10.5 



20.1 
11.6 
5.8 
6.4 
4.7 
12.1 



14.7 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



157. 3 
170.0 
160.0 
131.3 
116.6 
87.8 



144. 6 



154.5 
142.8 
142. 3 
120. 1 
116.2 
75.5 



131.7 



193. 
300. 



164 
143 



208.4 



300.7 
244.4 
252.0 
210. 1 
141.0 
82.7 



237. 5 



230.7 
256. 2 
222. 1 
168.0 
178. 1 
103. 3 



200.7 
236.8 
211.8 
171.9 

153. 1 
146.7 



179. 6 



285.3 
277.7 
194. 9 
229.8 
171.0 
180.2 



251.9 



Lar- 

cenj 

theft 



434.9 
512. 8 
456.4 
410.8 
337. 6 
21 N u 



His s 



421.2 
409.8 
522.2 
439. 1 
462.9 
220. 1 



409. 3 



539.1 
770.3 
632. 3 
676.5 
439.0 
334.5 



586. 3 



552.4 
567. 4 
483. 4 
555. 5 
360. 5 
180.6 



494.5 



711.9 
832.6 
722.6 
682. 1 
500.5 
307.4 



661.9 



659. 7 
815.7 
831.8 
1, 000. 7 
856.6 
519. S 



748.6 



805.0 
734.2 
779.9 
813. 

701. 3 
688. 2 



773. 3 



1 The rates for burglary and larceny are based on the reports of 4 cities. 

2 The rates for burglary and larceny are based on the reports of 489 cities. 

3 Includes the District of Columbia. 



79 

Offenses in Individual Cities with More than 100,000 Inliabitants. 

The number of offenses reported as having been committed during 
the period of April-June 1941 is shown in table 42. The compilation 
includes the reports received from police departments in cities with 
more than 100,000 inhabitants. Such data are included here in order 
that interested individuals and organizations may have readily avail- 
able up-to-date information concerning the amount of crime com- 
mitted in their communities. Police administrators and other in- 
terested individuals will probably find it desirable to compare the 
crime rates of their cities with the average rates shown in tables 38 
and 41 of this publication. Similarly, they will doubtless desire to 
make comparisons with the figures for their communities for prior 
periods, in order to determine whether there has been an increase or a 
decrease in the amount of crime committed. 

A great deal of caution should be exercised in comparing crime data 
for individual cities, because differences in the figures may be due to a 
variety of factors. The amount of crime committed in a community 
is not solely chargeable to the police but is rather a charge against the 
entire community. The following is a list of some of the factors which 
might affect the amount of crime in a community: 

Population of the city and metropolitan area adjacent thereto. 
The composition of the population with reference particularly 

to age, sex, and race. 
The economic status and activities of the population. 
Climate . 

Educational, recreational, and religious facilities. 
The number of police employees per unit of population. 
The standards governing appointments to the police force. 
The policies of the prosecuting officials and the courts. 
The attitude of the public toward law-enforcement problems. 
The degree of efficiency of the local law-enforcement agency. 

Comparisons between the crime rates of individual cities should not 
be made without giving consideration to the above-mentioned factors. 
It is more important to determine whether the figures for a given com- 
munity show increases or decreases in the amount of crime committed 
than to ascertain whether the figures are above or below those of some 
other community. 

In examining a compilation of crime figures for individual communi- 
ties it should be borne in mind that in view of the fact that the data 
are compiled by different record departments operating under separate 
and distinct administrative systems, it is entirely possible that there 
may be variations in the practices employed in classifying complaints 
of offenses. On the other hand, the crime-reporting handbook has 
been distributed to all contributors of crime reports, and the figures 

406456°— 41 3 



so 

received are included in this bulletin only if they apparently have 
been compiled in accordance with the provisions of the handbook, 
and the individual department has so indicated. 



Table 42. — Number of offenses known to the police, April to June, inclusive, 19/ t l, 
cities over 100,000 in population 

[Based on 1940 decennial census] 



City 



Murder, 

nonnegli- 

gent man- 

* slaughter 



Robbery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 
or enter- 
ing 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



Under 
$50 



Akron, Ohio 

Albany, N. Y 

Atlanta, Ga 

Baltimore, Md 

Birmingham, Ala. 



Boston, Mass 

Bridgeport, Conn. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Cambridge, Mass. 
Camden, N.J 



Canton, Ohio 

Charlotte, N. C 

Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Chicago, 111 

Cincinnati, Ohio 



Cleveland, Ohio. 
Columbus, Ohio. 

Dallas, Tex 

Dayton, Ohio 

Denver, Colo 



Des Moines, Iowa. 

Detroit, Mich 

Duluth, Minn 

Elizabeth, N.J... 
Erie, Pa 



Fall River, Mass. 

Flint, Mich 

Fort Wayne, Ind. 
Fort Worth, Tex. 
Gary, Ind 



Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Hartford, Conn 

Honolulu, T.H 

Houston, Tex 

Indianapolis, Ind 



Jacksonville, Fla. . . 
Jersey City, N.J... 
Kansas City, Kans 
Kansas City, Mo.. 
Knoxville, Tenn. . . 



Long Beach, Calif. 
Los Anceles, Calif. 

Louisville, Ky 

Lowell, Mass 

Memphis, Tenn. 



Miami, Fla 

Milwaukee, Wis 

Minneapolis, Minn. 

Nashville, Tenn 

Newark, N. J 



New Bedford, Mass. 
New Haven, Conn _ 

New Orleans, La 

New York, N.Y.i.. 
Norfolk, Va 



22 
1 
62 
103 
28 

56 
3 

16 

4 

21 

18 
14 
26 
995 
105 

84 
49 
35 
29 
56 

4 
463 
1 
3 
3 

8 
12 

4 
19 
37 

3 
4 

8 
56 

114 



31 
54 
6 

13 

521 

134 

2 



6 

34 

331 

19 



27 
2 

97 
290 
201 

39 
1 

35 
2 

17 



75 

47 
383 

74 

36 
35 
98 
20 
15 



170 
38 
518 
529 
264 

212 
94 

100 
68 
35 

63 
136 
155 
2,370 
449 

313 
376 
424 
176 
358 

101 

1,520 

64 

66 

57 

208 
151 
113 
300 
103 

115 
201 
247 
878 
505 



62 

13 

136 

223 

63 



49 
15 
25 

40 
39 
18 

890 
186 



46 
19 
70 

34 
341 
26 

21 
14 

14 
36 
30 

17 
46 

16 
50 
66 
61 
22 



65 309 94 

Complete data not received 
33 
69 
63 

44 

1,009 

180 

11 



52 
140 

82 
125 

22 
51 
130 



6 


137 


10 


151 


94 


89 


4 


303 


174 


2,082 


144 


616 


1 


56 


241 


294 


55 


302 


15 


165 


11 


371 


73 


219 


103 


390 


3 


136 


1 


158 


120 


154 


684 


2,210 


37 


216 1 



( 2 ) 



460 
113 
983 
1,379 
346 

522 
337 
399 
158 
88 

277 

315 

283 

2.909 

1,190 

2,419 
699 

1,779 
611 
993 

374 
6, 888 
274 
166 
169 

121 
416 
433 
719 
255 

644 
442 
528 
1,573 
583 

736 

282 

7(14 
202 

344 
6,205 
980 
98 
660 

321 
1,010 
853 
433 
688 

258 
306 
388 
4,125 
600 



See footnotes at <'iid of table. 



81 

Table 42. — Number of offenses known to the police, April to June, inclusive, 1941, 
cities over 100,000 in population — Continued 



City 



Oakland, Calif 

Oklahoma City, Okla 

Omaha, Nebr 

Paterson, N. J .. 

Peoria, 111 



Philadelphia, Pa. 
Pittsburgh, Pa. _ 
Portland, Ore?... 
Providence, R. i_ 
Reading, Pa 



Richmond, Va 

Rochester, N. Y.- 
Sacramento, Calif. 

St. Louis, Mo 

St. Paul, Minn... 



Salt Lake City, Utah. 

San Antonio, Tex 

San Diego, Calif 

San Francisco, Calif. .. 
Scranton, Pa 



Seattle, Wash 

Somerville, Mass. 
South Bend, Ind_. 
Spokane, Wash. .. 
Springfield, Mass. 



Syracuse, N. Y. 
Tacoma, Wash. 

Tampa, Fla 

Toledo, Ohio... 
Trenton, N. J.. 



Tulsa, Okla 

Utica, N. Y 

Washington, D. C. 

Wichita, Kans 

Wilmington, Del... 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



Worcester, Miss... 

Yonkers, N. Y 

Youngstown, Ohio. 



Robbery 



Aggra- 
vated 

assault 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 
or enter- 
ing 



Larceny— theft 



41 


28 


45 


75 


4 


16 


9 


43 


10 


11 


166 


214 


131 


102 


69 


25 


4 


6 


3 


8 


35 


98 


4 


9 


15 


10 


124 


119 


16 


12 


7 


4 


37 


88 


42 


12 


122 


80 


6 


7 


.54 


8 


2 




11 




8 


13 




2 


4 


6 


9 


3 


7 


18 


29 


33 


8 


27 


35 


38 


1 




162 


85 


3 


14 


8 


7 


10 


4 


1 


14 


30 


35 



345 

177 
117 
103 
76 

707 
783 

391 
142 
85 

195 
98 
155 
790 
215 

148 
182 
261 
557 
46 



91 
132 
106 

58 
80 
90 
240 
169 

202 
25 

562 
64 
95 

209 
43 
144 



50 
16 

15 
11 

15 

242 

1 17 
164 



43 

90 
95 

117 
17 



240 
10 
24 

19 
9 
16 



$50 and Under 
over $50 



Auto 
theft 



938 
606 

187 
60 
192 

708 
516 
1,057 
131 
168 

585 

449 

472 

1, 739 

5S2 

628 

592 

660 

1,403 

107 

1,011 
81 
344 
455 
216 

192 
364 
300 
703 
197 

559 
143 
2,001 
272 
289 

247 
152 
332 



163 

M 
59 



720 
557 
176 
115 
38 

115 
63 
94 

243 

57 

75 
67 
245 
583 
36 

345 
29 
90 
60 

112 

116 
(il 
31 

110 
59 

46 
18 
751 
43 
49 

88 
30 

78 



1 Figures include offenses committed by juveniles; this is in accord with the uniform reporting procedure 
followed by other cities. 
- Larcenies not separately reported. Figure listed includes both major and minor larcenies. 



82 

Offenses Known to Sheriffs, State Police, and Other Rural Officers, 1941. 

In compiling and publishing national police statistics, a distinction 
is made by the Federal Bureau of Investigation between crimes 
occurring in urban communities and those committed in the rural 
sections of the country. The data presented in the preceding tables 
are based on reports from a large majority of the agencies policing 
the urban areas (places with 2,500 or more inhabitants). Compre- 
hensive data regarding rural crimes are not yet available, but the 
information on hand is shown in table 43, which is based on reports 
received from 1,130 sheriffs, 7 State police organizations, and 91 
village officers. 

Table 43. — Offenses known, January to June, inclusive, 1941, as reported by 1,130 
sheriffs, 7 State police organizations, and 91 village officers 





Criminal homicide 


Rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 
glary- 
break - 
ing or 
entering 


Lar- 
ceny — 
theft 






Murder, 
norneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 


Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 


Auto 
thefl 




673 


564 


1,132 


1,656 


3,344 


13,435 


22, 915 


t, 796 







Offenses Known in Territories and Possessions of the United States. 

The available data concerning crimes committed in the Territories 
and possessions of the United States are presented in table 44. The 
tabulation is based on reports received from the first, second, and 
third judicial divisions of Alaska; Honolulu City and the counties of 
Honolulu, Kauai, and Maui in the Territory of Hawaii; and the 
Isthmus of Panama, C. Z. The tabulation is based on the number of 
offenses known to law enforcement officials of both urban and rural 
areas, with the exception that the data for Honolulu City have been 
segregated from the figures for Honolulu County. 



S3 



Table 44. Number of offenses known in I r niled States Territories and possessions, 
January to June, inclusive, 194 1 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Murder, 
nonneg- 

ligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 
or en- 
tering 


Larceny— theft 


V.uto 

theft 


Jurisdiction reporting 


Ovei 

$50 


Under 
$50 


Alaska: 

First judicial division (Juneau \ 
population, 25,241; number of of- 






8 
1 
1 
19 

2 
G 


4 
13 

558 
82 

18 
01 

34 


9 

2 

I 17 
10 

2 

24 


15 




Second judicial division (Nome), 
population, 11,877; number of of- 


3 


11 
2 




Third judicial division (Valdez), 
population, 19,312; number of of- 


1,090 

102 

11 
88 

375 





llawaii: 

Honolulu City, population, 179.358; 


lf,8 


Honolulu County, population, 78,898; 

number of offenses known 

Kauai County, population, 35,818; 


38 


Maui County, population, 55.534; 






4 


Isthmus of Panama: Canal Zone, popu- 
lation, 51.827", number of offenses 


1 


3 


til 







Data From Supplementary Offense Reports. 

In 60 of the Nation's larger cities (over 100,000) property valued 
at $1,794,533.82 was stolen in 32,411 burglaries during January-June 
of this year. More than half (53.6 percent) of the burglaries involved 
some type of nonresidence structure such as a warehouse, office build- 
ing, or store, and 90.1 percent of them were perpetrated during the 
night. On the other hand 62.0 percent of the residence burglaries 
were committed after nightfall. 

Six thousand seven hundred twenty-four persons in these 60 larger 
cities were personally accosted by thieves who used threat or force to 
rob them of property valued at $779,732.49. The majority (57.6 
percent) of the cases were highway robberies. Oil stations were the 
scenes of 9.6 percent of the robberies and 27.1 percent involved some 
other type of commercial house. 

Thefts, unaccompanied by the elements of robbery or burglary, total- 
ing 79,370 were committed in the 60 cities represented in tables 45-47. 
The property stolen in these larcenies was valued at $2,348,727.14. 
Automobiles parked in public places represent the greatest single 
problem, apparently, since the reports showed that 14.0 percent of 
the larcenies were thefts of automobile accessories, such as fog lights, 
tires, and radios, and 19.6 percent were thefts of clothing, cameras, 
and other personal articles from parked cars. Bicycle thefts made up 
16.3 percent of the total larcenies. 



84 



P 



o 



CO 

u 
to Pj 



2 

w 
o 



Jk 


y ^ 


iv 


1 N j 


M, 








?* 




WW 




Oca 




mO 


Ly 


K H 


wL. 




85 




86 

Table 45.— Number of known offenses with divisions as to the nature of the criminal 
act, time and place of commission, and value of property stolen, January to J tine, 
inclusive, 1941 ; 60 cities over 100,000 in population 

[Total population 19,074,986, based on 1940 decennial census] 



Classification 


Number 
of actual 
offenses 


Classification 


Number 
of actual 
offenses 


Rape: 


433 
383 


Larceny — theft (except auto theft) 
(grouped according to value of article 
stolen) : 
Over $.50 




Statutory . 


8 378 


Total 


816 


$5 to $50 


51, 748 




Under $5 


19 244 


Robbery: 


3,876 

1,740 

647 

72 

223 

5 

161 


Total 




79, 370 




Larceny — theft (grouped as to type of 
offense): 

Pocket-picking-. . _ 

Purse-snatching 












Residence 

Bank ... 


984 
2.618 




Shoplifting. . . ._ 


2,667 




Thefts from autos (exclusive of auto 

accessories) _ . . 




Total 


6,724 


15,565 






Burglary— breaking or entering: 


9,321 
5,719 

15,656 
1,715 


Bicycles 

All other 


12,918 
33, 476 


Committed during night. _ 


Total 




79, 370 


Nonresidence (store, office, etc.) : 
Committed during night.. 










Total . 


32, 41 1 









The police in the 60 cities represented in table 45 reported the theft 
of 17,432 automobiles during January-June of 1941. During the 
same period 16,541 stolen cars were recovered, representing a 94.9 per- 
cent recovery. It may be noted that in an average city 79.0 percent 
of the cars stolen were recovered locally while 15.9 percent were 
recovered by the authorities in other communities. 

Table 46. — Recoveries of stolen automobiles, January to June, inclusive, 1941; 60 
cities over 100,000 in population 

[Total population 19,074,986, base 1 on 1940 decennial census] 

Number of automobiles stolen 17, 432 

Number of automobiles recovered _. 16,541 

Percentage recovered - 94.9 

Property valued at $12,837,015.24 was stolen during the first 6 
months of this year in the 60 cities represented in the two preceding 
tables. As indicated in table 47 which follows, property recovered 
during the same period amounted to 67.7 percent of that stolen. 
Table 47 shows the value of property stolen and recovered subdivided 
by type of property. Excluding automobiles, recoveries of other 
kinds of property amounted to 21.4 percent of that stolen. 



87 




406456°— 41- 



88 



Table 47. — Value of property stolen and value of property recovered with divisions 
as to type of property involved, January to June, inclusive, 1941; 60 cities over 
100,000 in population 

[Total population 19,074,986, based on 1940 decennial census] 



Type of property 



Currency, notes, etc 

Jewelry and precious metals 

Furs 

Clothing __- 

Locally stolen automobiles 
Miscellaneous 

Total 



Value of prop- 
erty stolen 



$1,360,495.68 

1, 234, 597. 63 

196, 780. 90 

564, 789. 95 

7. 931, 009. 96 

1, 549, 341. 12 



12, 837, 015. 24 



Value of prop- 
erty recovered 



$145, 149. 69 

243, 204. 25 

24, 424. 50 

129, 283. 29 

7,641,323.79 

505, 845. 82 



8, 689, 231. 34 



Percent 
recovered 



10.7 
19.7 
12.4 
22.9 
96.3 
32.6 



89 



-S1NUI8VHNI OOO'I U3d S33A01dH3 JO a39wriN- 



!§» 




•S1NWI8VHNI OOO'I H3d S33A01dH3J0 HaanriN 



POLICE EMPLOYEE DATA 

Police Officers Killed by Criminals, 1940. 

Last year 13 police officers were killed by criminals in 410 cities 
over 25,000 in population. Since the combined population of these 
cities is 52,592,342, the rate for last year was 1.24 police officers killed 
per 5,000,000 inhabitants, a considerably better record than that of 
2 and 3 years previous. The corresponding figure for both 1937 and 
1938 was 3.91 per 5,000,000 inhabitants. For 1939 the rate was 
1.79. A factor contributing to this favorable trend may be found in 
the well-supervised police training schools which have been increasing 
in number throughout the country during the more recent years. 
The modern law-enforcement officers training school generally in- 
cludes, among other subjects, instruction in the use of firearms, 
technique of arrests, and related subjects. 

The data for 1940 are shown in table 48, with the cities divided into 
four groups according to size. The tabulation also shows the number 
of police officers killed and the rate per 5 million inhabitants in each 
of the nine geographic divisions. Comparable information for the 
calendar year 1939 may be found in table 50, volume XI, number 2 
of this bulletin. 

(90) 



01 



Table 48. — Number of policemen killed by criminals, 1940, cities over £5,000 in 

population 

[Based on 1940 decennial census] 





Population group 


Total 

Groups 
1 [V 






Group I 


Group II 


Group III 


Group IV 


Number 


Geographic division 


37 cities 
over 250,- 

000; total 
popula- 
tion, 
30,195,339 


55 cit ii's, 
L00,000to 
250,000; 

total 
popula- 
tion, 
7,792,650 


105 cities, 
50,000 to 

100,000; 

total 
popula- 
tion, 
7,187,260 


213cities, 

25,000 to 
50,000; 
total 

popula- 
tion, 

7,417,093 


410cities; 
total 

popula- 
tion, 

52,592,342 


per 

5,000,000 
inhabi- 
tants 


New England: 61 cities; total population, 
4,640,655; number of policemen killed.. 














Middle Atlantic: 79 cities; total popula- 
tion, 16,035,495; number of policemen 
killed 


3 

3 








3 
3 


o. 94 


East North Central: 101 cities; total popu- 
lation, 13,112,140; number of policemen 
killed 








1. 14 


West North Central: 29 cities; total popu- 
lation, 3,661,503; number of policemen 
killed 










South Atlantic: 1 47 cities; total population, 
4,616,676; number of policemen killed 

East South Central: 20 cities; total popu- 
lation, 1,891,962; number of policemen 
killed 


2 


1 


1 




4 


4. 33 


West South Central: 28 cities; total popu- 
lation, 2,939,716; number of policemen 
killed . 






1 




1 


1.70 


Mountain: 11 cities; total population, 










Pacific: 34 cities; total population, 4,858,- 




1 




1 


2 


2. 06 












Total: 

Number of policemen killed . 

Number killed per 5,000,000 inhabi- 


8 


2 

1.28 


1.39 


1 
0.67 


13 

1.24 









i Includes the District of Columbia. 
Number of Police Employees, 1940. 

Last year in an average city in the United States there was one 
police department employee for every 623 inhabitants. Obviously 
this does not mean that the lives and property of each 623 inhabitants 
are constantly under the protection of a police officii in active duty 
status, because less than one-third of the police personnel are on duty 
at one time. The net effective patrol strength of police departments 
is reduced, not only because most police departments operate on a 
modified three-shift basis, but also because at all times there are 
absences due to sickness, vacations, and other causes. In addition, 
a certain proportion of the personnel is assigned to indoor duties and 
others are used on special details which are necessary from time to 
time. 

Generally, it is found that police departments in the larger cities 
have more employees per unit of population than those in the small 
communities. For cities over 250,000 in population the 1940 figure 
was 2.12 police employees per 1,000 inhabitants. The ratio for cities 



92 

under 10,000, on the other hand, was less than half of that, being 1.04 
per 1,000 inhabitants. 

Reports on the number of police employees during 1940 were 
received at the FBI from 2,609 cities representing a combined popula- 
tion of 70,101,108. The reports showed that police departments 
of cities in the Middle Atlantic, New England, and South Atlantic 
States have more police employees per unit of population than those 
in other sections of the Nation. 

Although the police departments in the larger cities generally have 
more employees per unit of population, it is noted that the largest 
number of police employees per 1,000 inhabitants in the East South 
Central States was reported for cities with population from 50,000 
to 100,000, followed by cities from 100,000 to 250,000, and those over 
250,000, respectively. For the Pacific States, the largest number of 
police employees per 1,000 inhabitants is seen in cities over 250,000, 
with the next highest figure for cities with population less than 10,000. 

Summary data prepared from the reports received are presented 
in table 50, which shows, for groups of cities subdivided according to 
size and location, the number of police employees and the number 
per 1,000 inhabitants for the calendar year 1940. Information con- 
cerning the number of police employees per unit of population for 
individual States is shown in table 51. The data presented in both 
tables are supplemented by the figures shown in table 49 which 
indicates the number of cities represented in each group. 

In examining the data presented in tables 50 and 51 it will be 
noted that in several instances there seems to be only a slight differ- 
ence between the average number of police employees listed for 
several of the groups of cities. The significance of the difference is 
more evident when presented in terms of the number of inhabitants 
per police officer. To illustrate, the following tabulation shows these 
data for the cities divided according to size and location. 



Population group 



Group I 

Group II 

Group III 
Group IV. __ 

Group V 

Group VI... 
Groups I-VI 



Average 

number of 

inhabitants 

per police 

employee 



472 
690 
730 
814 
955 
960 
623 



Geographic division 



New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 
West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central- 
West South Central. 

Mountain 

Pacific 



Average 

number of 

inhabitants 

per police 

employee 



508 
493 
679 
771 
650 
874 
916 
982 
669 



The population figures used in preparing the data presented in 
tables 50 and 51 were taken from the 1940 decennial census. 



93 



Table 49. — Number of cities in each State included in the tabulation showing the 

average number of police-department employees, 1940 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Division and State 


Group I, 

over 
250,000 


Group 
II, 

100.000 to 

■J Ml 111)1) 


Group 
III, 

50.000 to 
100,000 


Group 

IV, 

25.000 to 

50,C00 


Group 

V, 

10,000 to 

25.000 


Group 
VI, 

less t han 

lii.iiiHi 


Total 


New England: 206 cities; total 
population, 6.217,578 


2 

8. 
4 
3 
3 
4 
1 
5 


10 

11 

10 
5 
7 
3 
3 
1 
5 


13 
23 
23 

8 
17 
4 
9 
2 
7 


36 
38 
CO 
12 
20 
10 
13 

17 


72 
146 
123 
65 
50 
24 
45 
25 
46 


73 

391 
381 
214 
139 

71 
115 

S3 
135 


206 


Middle Atlantic: 616 cities; 
total population, 20,345,584. .. 

East North Central: 605 cities; 
total population, 16.996, 190. . . 

"West North Central: 308 cities; 
total population, 5.677,974 

South Atlantic ;i 236 cities; 
total population, 6,058.430 

East South Central: 115 cities; 
total population, 2,632,139 

West South Central: 189 cities; 
total population, 4,296,996 

Mountain: 119 cities; total pop- 
ulation, 1,612,208 

Pacific: 215 cities; total popula- 
tion, 6,263,709. . 


616 
605 
308 
236 
115 
189 
119 
215 


Total: 

Cities 

Population 
New England: 
Connecticut... 


37 

30,195,339 


55 
7, 792, 650 


100 
7,264,719 


213 
7, 417, 093 


596 
9. 036, 389 


1,602 
8.391.918 


2,609 
70, 101. 108 




3 


2 

1 
8 
1 
1 


9 
2 

16 
2 

6 

1 

16 
10 
12 

11 
10 
9 
14 
13 

6 
1 
1 
2 


9 

7 
43 
5 
6 
2 

35 

46 

65 

35 
14 

25 
33 

16 

8 
16 
11 
15 
7 
3 
5 


6 
10 
36 
6 
4 
11 

88 
113 
190 

118 
50 
71 

101 
41 

53 
39 
58 
25 
22 
7 
10 


29 


Maine 




20 


Massachusetts 


1 


7 


111 


New Hampshire 


14 


Rhode Island. 


1 




18 


Vermont 




14 


Middle Atlantic- 
New Jersey 


2 
3 
2 

1 
1 
1 
4 
1 


4 
4 
3 

1 
3 
2 
4 


6 
6 
11 

7 
4 
6 
4 
2 

4 
1 

2 

1 


151 


New York . . 


182 


Pennsylvania 


283 


East North Central- 
Illinois 


176 


Indiana. 


82 


Michigan... 


114 


Ohio 


160 


Wisconsin 


73 


West North Central: 
Iowa 


1 
2 
1 


72 


Kansas 




59 


Minnesota.. 


2 
2 


73 


Missouri.. 


46 


Nebraska 


1 


31 


North Dakota 




1 
1 


11 


South Dakota 








16 


South Atlantic- 
District of Columbia . 


1 






1 


Delaware 


1 
3 








4 

29 
18 

9 
25 
15 
21 
18 

19 
21 

11 
17 

22 
20 
30 
43 

8 
18 
14 
12 

3 

8 
15 

5 

96 
17 
22 


5 


Florida. _ . 




1 
4 


4 
1 
2 
4 
2 
5 
2 

3 
5 

1 
1 

1 
3 
2 

7 

1 
1 
1 
2 


8 
8 
4 

13 
4 
6 

4 
5 

10 
5 

6 
3 
13 
23 

5 
6 
4 
1 
3 
2 
4 

33 

5 
8 


45 


Georgia 


1 

1 


32 


Maryland. 




16 


North Carolina 


1 


4 
2 
3 
3 

2 
1 

1 

1 
1 

"7 

1 
1 


47 


South Carolina. 




23 


Virginia . 




2 


37 


West Vireinia. 




30 


East South Central: 
Alabama 


1 
1 




29 


Kentucky 




36 


Mississippi 




23 


Tennessee. . 


1 


3 


27 


West South Central: 
Arkansas 


30 


Louisiana.. 
Oklahoma 


1 


2 
1 


28 

47 


Texas . 


3 


81 


Mountain: 

Arizona 


10 


Colorado 


1 




26 


Idaho 




21 


Montana... _. 








18 


Nevada 








4 


New Mexico 








1 
I 


12 


Utah 




1 




19 


Wyoming 






9 


Pacific: 

California 


3 

1 
1 


3 


7 


13 
1 
3 


155 


Oregon 


24 


Washington _ 


2 




36 



1 Includes the District of Columbia. 



94 



* 




1 r-rrTTTT. : °r 



95 



Table 50. — Average number of police-department employees, 1940, by geographic 
divisions and population groups 

[Population figures from 1040 decennial census] 



Population 



Croup 

I 



Over 

L'.MI.IHK) 



Group 

II 



100,000 

to 
250,000 



Group 
III 



50.000 

to 
100,000 



i Iroup 
IV 



25,000 

to 
50,000 



< iroup 
V 



to, 

to 

25,000 



Group 
VI 



Less 
i han 
10,000 



Total 



New England: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 

inhabitants 

Middle Atlantic: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 

inhabitants 

East North Central: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 

inhabitants 

West North Central: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 

inhabi tan ts 

South Atlantic: ' 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 

inhabitants 

East South Central: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 

inhabitants 

West South Central: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 

inhabitants 

Mountain: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 

inhabitants 

Pacific: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 

inhabitants 

Total: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 
l.iii in inhabitants 

1 Includes the District of Columbia. 



2. 933 

2.86 

29, 050 

2.49 

15,443 

1.95 

3,839 

1.92 

3, 916 

2.15 

1,036 

1.18 

1,874 

1.31 

412 

1.28 

5,534 

1.78 

64. 037 

2. 12 



2,623 

1.93 

2, 525 

1. 75 

1,688 

1.14 

791 

1.10 

1.449 

1.44 

501 

1.23 

059 

1.26 

165 

1.10 

892 

1.27 

11,293 

1.45 



1,643 

1.71 

2,520 

1.62 

1,970 

1.27 

583 

1.06 

1,451 

1.32 

377 

1.34 

688 

1.05 

138 

1. 17 

581 

1.19 

9,951 

1.37 



1,915 

1.47 
1,892 

1.43 
2,301 

1.07 
387 
.98 
'.inn 

1.31 
37(5 

1.16 
429 

1.00 
240 

1.00 

1.21 

9,112 

1.23 



1,332 

1.20 
2,800 

1.21 
1,693 
.91 
879 
.92 
787 

1.06 
376 

1.00 
552 
.84 
327 
.89 
714 

1.09 
9, 460 

1.115 



510 
1.09 

2. 443 
1.21 

1,920 



814 
1.16 
346 
.95 
488 
.82 
354 
.87 
979 
1.30 
8,741 
1.04 



10,956 

1. 76 
41,230 

2.03 
25,015 

1.47 
7, 366 

1.30 
9,317 

1.54 
:;. hi.' 

1. 14 
1,690 

1.09 
1,642 

1.112 
9, 366 

1.50 
112,594 

1.61 



.imU.-.G"— 41- 



96 

Table 51. — Average number of -police-department employees, per 1,000 inhabitants, 

1940, by States 

[Based on 1940 decennial census] 



Division 
and State 



New England: 

Connecticut 

Maine 

Massachusetts 

New Hampshire 

Rhode Island 

Vermont 

Middle Atlantic: 

New Jersey 

New York 

Pennsylvania 

East North Central: 

Illinois^ 

Indiana 

Michigan 

Ohio 

Wisconsin 

West North Central: 

Iowa 

Kansas 

M innesota. 

Missouri 

Nebraska 

North Dakota 

South Dakota 

South Atlantic: 

District of Columbia_ 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Maryland _ 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Virginia.. 

West Virginia 

East South Central: 

Alabama 

Kentucky 

Mississippi 

Tennessee 

West South Central: 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Mountain: 

Arizona 

Colorado 

Idaho 

Montana 

Nevada 

New Mexico 

Utah 

Wyoming 

Pacific: 

California 

Oregon 

Washington 



Population 



Group 

I 



Over 

250,000 



3.10 
2.13 



3.10 
2. 52 
2.21 

1.95 

1. 50 

2. 43 
1.59 

2.08 



1.09 
2.46 



1. 53 
2.25 



1.01 
1.37 



1.13 



1.72 

1.16 



1.86 

1.56 
1.42 



Group 
II 



100,000 

to 
250,000 



2.01 
i.89 



1.89 
1.94 
1.28 

1.28 

1. 17 
1.27 
1.05 



.97 
.88 
1.35 

1.31 



1.58 
1.40 



1.04 
1.58 



1.23 
1.31 



1.10 



1.36 
1.06" 



Group 
III 



50,000 

to 
100,000 



1.92 
1.72 
1.68 
1.39 
1.77 



2.23 
1.92 
1. 15 

1.21 
1.42 
1.48 
.98 

1. 10 

1.00 
1.09 



1.17 
1.05 



1. 10 
1.51 



1.36 

1.70 
.98 
1. 11 

1.51 
1.06 
1.21 



1.08 
1.21 



1.39 
.90 



1.19 



Group 
IV 



25,000 

to 

50,000 



1.40 
1.48 
1.56 
1.21 
1.45 
1.23 

1.62 
1.48 
1. 11 



1.14 
1.33 
.86 
1.22 



1.00 
.99 

1.08 



1.29 
1.20 



1.58 
1.33 
1.21 
1.23 

1.69 
1.31 
.64 

1.04 
1.30 
.99 
.83 

.63 
1.41 

.86 
.93 

1.20 
.98 

1.19 
.90 



1.02 



1.25 

.97 
1.09 



Group 

V 



10,000 

to 
25,000 



1.26 
.92 
1.31 
1.13 
.69 
.79 

1.56 
1.36 

.91 

.84 
1.00 
1.13 

.76 
1. 06 

.81 
.89 
1.01 
.93 
.99 
.88 
.91 



1.18 
.96 
1.13 
1. 12 

1.28 
1.27 
.67 

.96 
1.21 
.96 
.97 

.89 



.81 
.99 
.83 
1.69 

.77 
.70 
.80 

1.14 
.90 

l.Co 



Group 
VI 



Less 
than 

10.000 



1.15 
1.07 
1.08 
1.13 
.57 
1.32 

1.70 
1.46 
.85 



.95 
.90 

1.04 



1.07 
1.37 



1.08 
1.30 
1.24 
1.02 



.s9 
.92 

.76 
.81 
.92 

.77 



.82 
.88 
1.34 

. 74 

.77 
.91 

1.44 
.90 
.95 



97 









w 



© (L5) W 

©^ S3 



£0 



KJ 

fe 




98 

Police Employees in Individual Cities. 

Figures for individual cities with more than 25,000 inhabitants are 
presented in table 52. The cities are divided into groups according 
to size, and for each group the cities are listed alphabetically, first 
by State and then by name of city. For each city separate figures 
are shown for the number of police officers and the number of civilians 
employed in the police department. It is observed that 7 percent 
of the police employees in table 52 were classified as civilians. 

Although information concerning the number of police employees 
is included in the monthly crime reports received from police depart- 
ments, this item was made the subject of a separate detailed inquiry 
in order to obtain the highest possible degree of accuracy and uni- 
formity in the figures published. The report form provided for the 
listing of the number of full-time police officers, the number of full-time 
civilian employees, the number of part-time police officers, and the 
number of part-time civilian employees. Space was also provided in 
which to express the part-time employees in terms of full-time em- 
ployees. 

Some police departments limited their entries concerning part-time 
employees to a statement of the total time worked during 1940, and 
in such instances this information was converted into terms of full- 
time personnel. In these cases it was assumed that a full-time 
employee worked 300 days, or 2,400 hours, a year. In the event the 
total time worked by the part-time employees was equivalent to at 
least 50 percent of that worked by a full-time employee, one full- 
time employee was counted. No employees were included in the 
tabulation if information was available indicating they were not paid 
from police department funds. 

Reserve officers, substitute patrolmen, and other personnel used 
to replace regular employees absent due to vacations, sickness, or 
other causes, were included whenever information could be obtained 
making it possible to express the number of such employees in terms 
of full-time personnel. 

School-crossing guards were included as police employees unless 
advice was received that they were not paid from police department 
funds. 

Table 53 includes figures for individual police departments of cities 
ranging from 2,500 to 25,000 in population. 

Tables 52 and 53 show not only the total number of employees in 
individual cities but also the number per 1,000 inhabitants, based on 
population figures from the 1940 decennial census. 

In connection with the possibility of making comparisons between 
the police personnel figures of individual cities, it should be noted 
that there are several variable factors to be considered which are not 



99 

in any way represented in the tables which follow. Reference is 
made to the following facts: 

1. In some cities, when regular police officers are absent due to 
vacations, days off, sickness, or other causes, their places are taken 
by special or reserve officers who are paid only for the time they 
actually work. This means that the effective strength of the depart- 
ment is not lowered by absences for the reasons mentioned. On the 
other hand, in many cities, absences due to vacations, days off, sick- 
ness, et cetera, result in a lowering of the effective strength of the 
department, due to the fact that no reserve officers are used for re- 
placements. As indicated heretofore, however, whenever the infor- 
mation was available the number of part-time officers was converted 
into terms of full-time personnel and included in the figures published 
in tables 52 and 53. 

2. Some police departments operate on two shifts, whereas in other 
departments the men are distributed among three shifts. Obviously 
the practice followed in any individual community would have a 
substantial influence upon the effective strength of the department. 

3. Differences in automobile equipment, radio-communication fa- 
cilities, and the like are significant and should be considered in any 
careful comparison of law-enforcement facilities in individual com- 
munities. 

4. Some cities use special school-crossing guards to make it un- 
necessary to detail regular police officers to guide children and regulate 
traffic at school crossings during hours when children are going to 
or returning from school. In some instances, the reporting depart- 
ments had apparently calculated the equivalent number of full-time 
employees represented by the school-crossing guards and included 
them in the figure representing the total number of employees. In 
a limited number of cases, it was not clear whether this had been 
done, and this is pointed out as an item to be considered when 
comparing figures for individual communities. 

5. In some cities, a heavy volume of traffic requires a larger than 
average proportion of the force on traffic duty, with a resultant de- 
crease in the number of men available to handle criminal cases. 

6. Differences in police salaries and standards for appointment to 
the force and their influence on the quality and morale of personnel 
are significant. 

7. Communities vary also as to the number of private police em- 
ployed by individuals and organizations. 

8. There is a great variance in cities throughout the United States 
with reference to the number of inhabitants per square mile. 

9. In some of the smaller communities the effective strength of the 
police is augmented by the police work handled within the city limits 
by employees of county and State law-enforcement agencies. 



100 

10. Special police problems exist in some communities having a 
large number of transients in the city during vacation periods, making 
it necessary to increase the number of police employees during certain 
months. It should be remembered that the published figures are 
intended to represent the average number of employees during the 
calendar year, although the number actually on the pay roll may 
fluctuate greatly during the different seasons. 



Table 52. — Number of police-department employees, 1940; cities over 25,000 in 
population (based on 1940 decennial census) 

CITIES WITH OVER 250,000 INHABITANTS 



City 



Birmingham, Ala. . . 
Los Angeles, Calif- .. 

Oakland, Calif 

San Francisco, Calif- 
Denver, Colo 

Washington, D. C . 

Atlanta, Ga 

Chicago, 111 

Indianapolis, Ind 

Louisville, Ky 

New Orleans, La — 

Baltimore, Md 

Boston, Mass 

Detroit, Mich 

Minneapolis, Minn. 

St. Paul, Minn 

Kansas City, Mo 

St. Louis, Mo 

Jersey City, N. J 



Num- 
ber of 
police 
offi- 
cers 



255 

2, 354 

407 

1,269 

398 

1,422 

397 

6,318 

510 

418 

830 

1,717 

2, 205 

3,674 

475 

318 

495 

1,849 



Num- 
ber of 
civil- 
ians 



15 

418 

14 

71 

14 

98 

64 

311 

70 

18 

19 

218 

187 

279 

34 

27 

190 

451 

125 



Total 
num- 
ber of 
em- 
ploy- 
ees 



270 

2,772 

421 

1,340 

412 

1,520 

461 

fi, 629 

580 

436 

849 

1,935 

2,392 

3,953 

509 

345 

685 

2. 300 

1.014 



Num- 
ber 
per 

1,000 
in- 
hab- 
itants 



1.01 
1.84 
1.39 
2.11 
1.28 
2.29 
1.53 
1.95 
1.50 
1.37 
1.72 
2.25 
3.10 
2.43 
1.03 
1.20 
1.72 
2.82 
3.37 



City 



Newark, N. J 

Buffalo, N. Y_._. 
New York, N. Y. 
Rochester, N. Y_ 
Cincinnati, Ohio- 
Cleveland, Ohio- 
Columbus, Ohio- 

Toledo, Ohio 

Portland, Oreg__ 
Philadelphia, Pa- 
Pittsburgh, Pa-._ 
Providence, R. I. 
Memphis, Tenn- 

Dallas, Tex 

Houston, Tex 

San Antonio, Tex 

Seattle, Wash 

Milwaukee, Wis. 



Num- 
ber of 
police 
offi- 
cers 



1,137 

1,128 

18, 177 

430 

703 

1,384 

324 

361 

400 

4.444 

l'012 

474 

270 

268 

359 

226 

473 

1,104 



Num- 
ber of 
civil- 
ians 



118 

139 

1,110 

55 

29 

208 



51 

77 
215 
71 
67 
60 
39 
58 
75 
51 
117 



Total 
num- 
ber of 
em- 
ploy- 
ees 



1,255 

1,267 

19, 287 

485 

732 

1, 592 

324 

412 

477 

4, 659 

1,083 

541 

330 

307 

417 

301 

524 

1,221 



Num- 
ber 
per 

1,000 
in- 
hab- 
itants 



2.92 
2.20 
2.59 
1.49 
1.61 
1.81 
1.06 
1.46 
1.56 
2.41 
1.61 
2.13 
1.13 
1.04 
1.08 
1.19 
1.42 
2.08 



CITIES WITH 100,000 TO 250,000 INHABITANTS 



Long Beach, Calif 

Sacramento, Calif 

San Diego, Calif 

Bridgeport, Conn 

Hartford, Conn 

New Haven, Conn .__ 

Wilmington, Del 

Jacksonville, Fla 

Miami, Fla 

Tampa, Fla 

Peoria, 111 

Fort Wayne, Ind 

Gary, Ind 

South Bend, Ind 

Des Moines, Iowa 

Kansas City, Kans 

Wichita, Kans._ _ 

Cambridge, Mass 

Fall River, Mass 

Lowell, Mass 

New Bedford, Mass.. 

Somerville, Mass 

Springfield, Mass 

Worcester, Mass 

Flint, Mich 

Grand Rapids, Mich.. 

Duluth, Minn 

Omaha, Nebr 



211 


48 


259 


1.58 


125 


22 


147 


1.39 


217 


23 


240 


1.18 


262 


2 


264 


1.79 


•321 


22 


343 


2.0C. 


318 


26 


344 


2.14 


174 


4 


178 


1.58 


219 


15 


234 


1.35 


250 


52 


302 


1.75 


0) 


fl) 


98 


.90 


123 


11 


134 


1.28 


121 


2 


123 


1.04 


140 


19 


159 


1.42 


102 


4 


106 


1.05 


140 


15 


155 


.97 


88 




88 


.72 


96 


23 


119 


1.04 


232 


5 


237 


2. 14 


201 


16 


217 


1.88 


172 


11 


183 


1.80 


205 


10 


215 


1.95 


147 


1 


148 


1.45 


285 


19 


304 


2.03 


342 


26 


368 


1.90 


174 


21 


195 


1.29 


181 


24 


205 


1.25 


132 


4 


136 


1.35 


255 


38 


293 


1.31 



Camden, N. J 

Elizabeth, N.J 

Paterson, N.J 

Trenton, N.J 

Albany, N. Y 

Svracuse, N. Y 

Utica, N. Y 

Yonkers, N. Y 

Charlotte, N. C 

Akron, Ohio 

Canton, Ohio 

Dayton, Ohio 

Younastown, Ohio... 
Oklahoma City, Okla 

Tulsa, Okla 

Erie, Pa 

Reading, Pa 

Scranton, Pa 

< 'liattanooga, Tenn.. 

Knoxville, Tenn 

Nashville, Tenn 

Fort Worth, Tex 

Salt Lake City, Utah. 

Norfolk, Va 

Richmond, Va 

Spokane, Wash 

Tacoma, Wash.. 



194 


10 


204 


214 


5 


219 


259 




259 


225 


21 


246 


335 


38 


373 


290 


10 


300 


153 


12 


165 


278 


9 


287 


103 


2 


105 


251 


18 


269 


120 


4 


124 


187 


20 


207 


142 


24 


166 


245 


9 


254 


141 


31 


172 


130 


5 


135 


150 


5 


155 


: 169 


13 


182 


'118 


2 


120 


141 


29 


170 


' 181 


30 


211 


214 


19 


233 


163 


2 


165 


228 


16 


244 


255 


33 


288 


138 


4 


142 


71 


33 


104 



1.74 
1.99 
1.85 
1.97 
2.86 
1.46 
1.64 
2.01 
1.04 
1.10 
1.14 

.98 

.99 
1.24 
1.21 
1.15 
1.40 
1.30 

.94 
1.52 
1.26 
1.31 
1.10 
1.69 
1.49 
1.16 

.95 



gee footnotes at end of table. 



101 



Table 52. — Number of -police-department employees, 1940; cities over 25,000 in 
poptdation (based on 1940 decennial census) — Continued 

CITIES WITH 50,000 TO 100,000 INHABITANTS 



City 



Num- 
ber of 
police 
offi- 
cers 



X um- 
ber of 
civil- 
ians 



Mobile, Ala 

Montgomery, Ala 

Phoenix, Ariz, . 

Little Rock, Ark 

Berkeley, Calif 

Fresno, Calif 

Glendale, Calif 

Pasadena, Calif 

San Jose, Calif 

Santa Monica, Calif. 

Stockton, Calif 

Pueblo, Colo.... 
New Britain, Conn. . 

Waterbury, Conn 

St. Petersburg, Fla 

Augusta, Ga 

Columbus, Ga 

Macon, Ga 

Savannah, Ga 

Cicero, 111 

Decatur, 111 

East St. Louis, 111 

Evanston, 111 

Oak Park, 111 

Rockford.Ill 

Springfield, 111 

East Chicago, Ind 

Evansville, Ind. 

Hammond, Ind 

Terre Haute, Ind 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa . 

Davenport, Iowa 

Sioux C ity , Io wa 

Waterloo, Iowa 

Topeka, Kans 

Covington, Ky 

Shreveport, La 

Portland, Maine 

Brockton, Mass 

Holyoke, Mass 

Lawrence, Mass 

Lynn, Mass 

Maiden, Mass 

Medford, Mass 

Newton, Mass 

Quincy, Mass 

Dearborn, Mich 

Highland Park, Mich 

Kalamazoo, Mich 

Lansing, Mich 

Pontiac, Mich 

Saginaw, Mich 

Jackson, Miss 

St. Joseph, Mo 

Springfield, Mo 



106 

115 
90 
95 
82 
85 
94 
94 
53 
63 
62 
47 
98 

210 
62 
97 
74 
74 

140 
96 
51 
64 
83 
69 
87 
86 
79 

133 
91 
78 
57 
68 
81 
46 
62 
65 
(') 

122 
95 
95 

128 

158 
91 
88 

147 

126 

135 
99 
69 
85 
61 
87 
68 
88 
58 



12 

1 

(') 

5 
3 
1 

1 

2 
2 
5 
2 

15 

6 
4 
8 

11 
7 

13 
1 



Total 
num- 
ber of 
em- 
ploy- 
ees 



121 

115 
91 
95 



106 
54 
80 
63 
47 
99 

224 
67 

106 
77 
77 

151 
98 
55 
76 
98 
70 
93 

103 
80 

148 
97 



46 
74 
66 
119 

127 



129 
165 

93 
90 
152 
128 
150 
105 
75 
89 
69 
98 
75 
101 
59 



Num- 
ber 
per 

1,000 
in- 
hab- 
itants 



1.54 
1.47 
1.39 
1.08 

.98 
1.65 
1. 14 
1.29 

.79 
1.50 
1.15 

.90 
1.44 
2.26 
1.10 
1.61 
1.45 
1.33 
1.57 
1.51 

.93 
1.01 
1.50 
1.06 
1.10 
1.30 
1.40 
1.52 
1.38 
1.24 

.97 
1.03 
1.08 

.89 
1.09 
1.06 
1.21 
1.72 

1 . 57 
1.79 
1.53 
1.68 
1.60 
1.43 
2.18 
1.09 

2. 30 
2.07 
1.39 
1. 13 
1.04 
1.18 
1.21 
1.33 



City 



Lincoln, Nebr 

Manchester, N. H 

Atlantic City, N. J. 
Bayonne, N.J 



East Orange, N. J 

Hoboken, N. J 

Irvington, N. J 

Passaic, N.J ... 

Union City, N.J 

Binghamton, N. Y 
Mount Vernon, N. Y 
NewRochelle,N. Y 
Niagara Falls, N. Y 

Schenectady, N. Y 

Trov, N. Y 

Asheville, N. C 

Durham, N. C 
Greensboro, N. C . . 
Winston-Salem, N. C. 
Cleveland Heights, 

Ohio 

Hamilton, Ohio 

Lakewood, Ohio 

Springfield, Ohio 

Allentown, Pa 

Altoona, Pa 

Bethlehem, Pa 

Chester, Pa. 

Harrisburg, Pa 

Johnstown, Pa 

Lancaster, Pa 

McKeesport, Pa 

Upper Darby Town- 
ship, Pa 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa 

York, Pa 

Pawtucket, R.I 

Charleston, S. C 

Columbia, S. C . 

Amarillo, Tex 

Austin, Tex 

Beaumont, Tex 

Corpus Christi, Tex. . 

El Paso, Tex 

Galveston, Tex 

Waco, Tex 

Arlington, Va 

Portsmouth, Va 

Roanoke, Va 

Charleston, W. Va__. 
Huntington, W. Va.. 

Wheeling, W. Va 

Madison, Wis 

Racine, Wis 



Num- 
ber of 
piil ice 
offi- 
cers 





Total 


Num- 


num- 


berof 


ber of 


civil- 


em- 


ians 


ploy- 




ees 


9 


86 


3 


HIS 


17 


194 



Num- 
ber 
per 
1,000 
in- 
hab- 
itants 



105 
177 
Complete data not 
ceived 



110 




110 


164 




104 


75 


11 


86 


110 


11 


121 


118 


2 


120 


114 


1 


115 


129 


3 


132 


142 


3 


145 


116 


11 


127 


151 


13 


164 


160 


3 


L63 


65 




65 


84 


5 


89 


75 


2 


77 


109 


2 


111 


53 


8 


61 


52 


1 


53 


58 


10 


68 


54 


4 


58 


94 


10 


104 


69 




69 


(l) 


0) 


59 


58 




58 


120 


11 


137 


60 




60 


59 


4 


63 


71 




71 


86 


10 


96 


105 


2 


107 


55 




55 


128 


6 


134 


123 


10 


139 


85 


3 


88 


43 


2 


45 


M 


2 


83 


58 




58 


48 


12 


60 


85 


12 


97 


0) 


(•) 


75 


55 


1 


56 


37 


1 


38 


44 




44 


91 


1 


92 


78 


3 


81 


73 


5 


78 


70 


1 


71 


75 


5 


80 


66 


2 


68 I 



CITIES WITH 25,000 TO 50,000 INHABITANTS 



Anniston, Ala 

Gadsden, Ala 

Tuscaloosa, Ala 

Tucson, Ariz 

Fort Smith, Ark 

Alameda, Calif 

Alhambra, Calif 

Bakersfield, Calif 

Belvedere Township, 

Calif.2 

Beverly Hills, Calif __ 

Burbank, Calif 

Huntington Park, 

Calif 



30 




30 


1.18 




32 


5 


37 


1.00 




26 


1 


27 


.98 




42 


2 


44 


1.20 




23 




23 


.63 




37 


1 


38 


1.05 




34 


4 


38 


.98 




54 


2 


56 


1.91 




29 


12 


41 


1.10 




55 


8 


63 


2.35 




36 


12 


48 


1.40 




33 




33 


1.15 





Inglewood, Calif 

Riverside, Calif 

San Bernardino, Calif 

Santa Ana, Calif 

Santa Barbara, Calif- 
South Gate, Calif 

Colorado Springs, 

Colo 

Bristol, Conn 

Meriden, Conn 

Middletown, Conn. - . 
New London, Conn__ 

Norwalk, Conn 

Stamford, Conn.. 



31 




31 


37 


2 


39 


43 


1 


44 


45 




45 


40 


5 


45 


20 




20 


30 




30 


28 




28 


52 




52 


34 




34 


55 


2 


57 


51 




51 


92 


3 


95 



See footnotes at end of table. 



102 

Table 52. — Number of police-depart >n< ,ni employees, 1940; cities over £6,000 in 
population (based on 1940 decennial census) — Continued 

CITIES WITH 25,000 TO 50,000 INHABITANTS— Continued 



City 



Num- 
ber of 
police 
offi- 
cers 



Torrington, Conn 

West Hartford, Conn. 
West Haven, Conn. . . 

Miami Beach, Fla 

Orlando, Fla 

Pensacola, Fla 

West Palm Beach, Fla. 

Rome, Ga 

Boise, Idaho 

Alton, 111 

Aurora, Bl 

BeUeville.Hl 

Berwyn, Bl 

Bloomington, EI. . . . 

Danville, 111 

Elgin, Bl 

Galesburg, 111 

Joliet, 111 

May wood, Bl 

Moline, Bl 

Quincy, Bl 

Rock Island, Bl 

Waukegan, til 

Anderson, Ind 

Elkhart, Ind 

Kokomo, Bid 

Lafayette, Ind 

Marion, Bid 

Michigan City, Bid. 

Mishawaka, Ind 

Muncie, Bid 

New Albany, Ind. 

Richmond, Ind 

Burlington, Iowa 

Clinton, Iowa 

Council Bluffs, Iowa- 
Dubuque, Iowa 

Mason City, Iowa. . 

Ottumwa, Iowa 

Hutchinson, Kans 

Ashland, Ky 

Lexington, Ky 

Newport, Ky 

Owensboro, Ky 

Paducah, Ky 

Alexandria, La 

Baton Rouge, La. 

Monroe, La 

Bangor, Maine 

Lewiston, Maine 

Cumberland, Md . 

Hagerstown, Md 

Arlington, Mass - 

Belmont, Mass.. . 

Beverly, Mass 

Brookline, Mass. . 

Chelsea, Mass 

Chicopee, Mass 

Everett, Mass 

Fitchburg, Mass 

Haverhill, Mass 

Melrose, Mass 

Pittsfield, Mass 

Revere, Mass 

Salem, Mass _. 

Taunton, Mass 

Waltham, Mass 

Watertown, Mass 

Ann Arbor, Mich 

Battle Creek, Mich... 

Bay City, Mich 

Hamtramek, Mich 

Jackson, Mich 



31 
47 
28 
82 
39 
47 
37 
33 
31 
P) 
42 
22 
30 
34 
31 
37 
33 
50 
19 
25 
31 
33 
25 
47 
39 
42 
39 
29 
38 
29 
53 
19 
30 

20 
31 
40 
23 
23 
30 
25 
80 
43 
36 
32 
42 
36 
40 
45 
56 
44 
34 
50 
36 
45 
122 
07 
56 
81 
45 
64 
34 
53 
49 
75 
50 
56 
52 
37 
49 
67 
ss 
60 



Num- 


Total 
num- 


Num- 
ber 


ber of 
civil- 


ber of 

em- 


1,000 
in- 
hab- 


ians 


ploy- 




ees 


itants 


1 


32 


1.19 


2 


49 


1.45 




28 


.93 




82 


2.93 


5 


44 


1.20 


5 


52 


1.39 




37 


1.10 


2 


35 


1.33 




31 


1. 19 


0) 


31 


.99 




42 


.89 




22 


.77 


7 


37 


.76 


3 


37 


1.13 




31 


.84 


4 


41 


1.07 




33 


1.14 


3 


53 


1.25 




19 


.71 


1 


26 


.75 




31 


.77 




33 


.77 




25 


.73 


2 


49 


1- 18 


4 


43 


1.29 




42 


1.24 


1 


40 


1.39 




29 


1.08 




38 


1.44 




29 


1.02 




53 


1.07 




19 


.75 


4 


34 


.97 


(') 


25 


.97 




20 


.76 




31 


.75 




40 


.91 


2 


25 


.92 




23 


.73 




30 


1.00 




25 


.85 




80 


1.62 


6 


49 


1.60 




36 


1.19 


4 


36 


1.07 


3 


45 


1.66 


6 


42 


1.21 




40 


1.41 




45 


1.51 




56 


1.45 


5 


49 


1.24 


4 


38 


1.17 


5 


55 


1.37 


2 


38 


1.41 


1 


• 46 


1.80 


4 


126 


2.53 


3 


70 


1.70 


1 


57 


1.37 




81 


1.73 


5 


50 


1.20 




64 


1.37 




34 


1.34 




53 


1.07 


3 


52 


1.51 


3 


7s 


1.89 


3 


53 


1.42 


4 


60 


1.50 


4 


56 


1.58 




37 


1.24 


3 


52 


1.20 


11 


78 


1.63 


2 


90 


1.81 




60 


1.21 



Muskegon, Mich 

Port Huron, Mich. _ . 

Royal Oak, Mich 

Wyandotte, Mich 

Rochester, Minn 

Meridian, Miss 

Joplin, Mo 

University City, Mo . 

Butte, Mont 

Great Falls, Mont. . _ 

Concord, N. H 

Nashua, N. H 

Belleville, N.J 

Bloomfield, N.J 

Clifton, N.J 

Garfield, N.J 

Hackensack, N.J 

Kearny, N. J 

Montclair, N. J 

New Brunswick, N . J 
North Bergen, N. J _. 

Orange, N. J 

Perth Amboy, N. J... 

Plainfield.N.J 

Teaneck, N.J 

West New York, N.J 

West Orange, N. J 

Woodbridge, N..T 

Albuquerque, N. Mex 

Amsterdam, N. Y 

Auburn, N. Y 

Elmira.N.Y 

Jamestown, N. Y 

Kingston, N.Y 

Newburgh.N. Y 

Poughkeepsie, N. Y _ . 

Rome,N.Y 

Watertown, N. Y 

White Plains, N.Y. _ 

High Point, N.C 

Raleigh.N.C .' 

Rocky Mount, N. C . 
Wilmington, N. C.._ 

Fargo, N. Dak 

East Cleveland, Ohio 

Elyria, Ohio 

Lima, Ohio 

Lorain, Ohio 

Mansfield, Ohio 

Marion, Ohio 

Massillon, Ohio 

Middletown, Ohio. . _ 

Newark, Ohio 

Norwood, Ohio 

Portsmouth, Ohio 

Steubenville, Ohio . . . 

Warren, Ohio 

Zanesville, Ohio 

Enid, Okla 

Muskogee, Okla 

Salem, Oreg 

Aliquippa, Pa._ 

Easton, Pa 

Haverford Township, 

Pa 

Hazleton, Pa 

Lebanon, Pa 

Lower Merion Town- 
ship, Pa 

New Castle, Pa 

Norristown, Pa 

Sharon, Pa 

Washington, Pa 



Num- 
ber of 
police 
offi- 
cers 



50 
40 
24 
37 
26 
35 
35 
37 
29 
31 
30 
43 
39 
65 
50 
32 
46 
76 
70 
46 
65 
60 
66 
57 
39 
ss 
44 
36 
36 
34 
45 
78 
55 
39 
49 

61 

30 
38 
1(15 
41 
57 
30 
46 
40 
37 
27 
32 
35 
28 
17 
19 
33 
27 
29 
37 
37 
32 
24 
20 
32 
25 
23 
38 

36 
27 
27 

96 
46 
36 
23 
23 



Num 
berof 
civil- 



Total 
num- 
ber of 
em- 
ploy- 
ees 



51 
41 
24 
43 
26 
35 
39 
37 
29 
31 
30 
43 
39 
67 
51 
32 
46 
78 
77 
47 
67 
60 
67 
62 
41 
88 
44 
37 
36 
34 
46 
78 
56 
39 
51 
64 
30 
38 
105 
41 
59 
31 
46 
42 
48 
27 
32 
36 
29 
17 
19 
34 
27 
32 
38 
37 
32 
24 
20 
32 
30 
23 
38 

38 
27 
27 

101 
49 
36 
23 
23 



See footnotes :if end of tabl< 



103 



Table 52. — Number of polio -<h /xirlmi nl < tiiplmjc< s, I. ')/,(): cities over !-~>,(h)<) in 
population (based on 1940 decennial census) — Continued 

CITIES WITH 25,000 TO 50,000 INHABITANTS— Continued 



City 


Num- 
ber of 
police 
offi- 
cers 


Num- 
ber of 
civil- 
ians 


Total 
num- 
ber of 
em- 
ploy- 
ees 


Num- 
ber 

per 

1,000 
in- 
hab- 
itant? 


City 


Num- 
ber of 
police 
offi- 
cers 


Num- 
berof 

civil- 
ians 


Total 
num- 
ber of 
em- 
ploy- 
ees 


Num- 
ber 
per 
1,000 
in- 
hab- 
itants 


Wilkinsburg, Pa._ 
Williarnsport, Pa.. ... 
Central Falls, R.I 

Cranston, R. I 

East Providence, R. I . 

Newport, R. I 

Warwick, R. I 

Woonsocket, R. I._ __ 

Greenville, S. C 

Spartanburg, S. C. 
Sioux Falls, S. Dak.... 
Johnson City, Tenn. _ . 
Abilene, Tex.. . . .. 

Laredo, Tex 

Lubbock, Tex 

Port Arthur, Tex 

San Angelo, Tex 

Tyler, Tex 

Wichita Falls, Tex 

Ogden, Utah 

Burlington, Vt 

Alexandria, Va 


28 
33 
35 
49 
31 
(') 
45 
72 
58 
52 
40 
21 
31 
31 
31 
25 
26 
28 
49 
39 
31 
4.1 


1 

1 
1 

"~~6 

2 
3 

1 

2 
3 

1 

5 

3 

1 


29 
34 
36 

49 
37 
64 
17 
75 
59 
54 
49 
21 
31 
31 
31 
25 
26 
29 
54 
39 
34 
45 


0.97 
.77 
1.43 
1.04 
1.15 
2. 10 
1.63 
1.52 
1.70 
1.67 
1.20 
.83 
1.16 
.79 
.97 
.54 
1.01 
1.03 
1.20 
.89 
1.23 
1.34 


Danville, Va 

Lynchburg, Va 

Newport News, Va 

Petersburg, Va _ 

Bellingham, Wash 

Everett, Wash 

Yakima, Wash.. . 
Clarksburg, W.Va... 
1'arkcrsburg, W. Va__ 
Appleton, Wis 

Eau Claire, Wis 

Fond du Lac, Wis. . . 

Green Bav, Wis 

Kenosha, Wis 

La Crosse, Wis ... 

Oshkosh, Wis... 
Shebovgan, Wis .... 

Superior, Wis 

Wausau, Wis 

Wauwatosa, Wis.. 
West Allis, Wis 


43 

52 
47 
38 
30 
34 
30 
(') 
17 
28 
26 
27 
32 
51 
66 
47 
49 
45 
50 
36 
39 
44 


1 

8 
1 
(>) 

3 

4 
2 
1 

3 

1 

2 


13 
53 
47 
46 
31) 
35 
30 
22 
17 
28 
29 
27 
32 
55 
68 
48 
49 
45 
53 
36 
40 
Hi 


1.31 
1. 19 
1.27 
1.50 
1.02 
1. 16 
1. 1(1 
.72 
. 56 
.98 
1. 14 
.88 
1. IS 
1.19 
1.39 
1.12 
1.25 
1.11 
1.51 
1.32 
1.44 
1.26 



1 Not separately reported. 

2 Belvidere Township, Calif., is under the jurisdiction of Los Angeles sheriff's office, 
represent employees of the sheriff's office generally assigned to this city. 



Figures listed 



Table 53. — Number of police-department employees, 1940; cities with population 
from 2,500 to 25,000 (based on 1940 decennial census) 

CITIES WITH 10,000 TO 25,000 INHABITANTS 



City 



Florence, Ala 

Huntsville, Ala 

PhenLx City, Ala 

Selma, Ala 

El Dorado, Ark 

Hot Springs, Ark 

Jonesboro, Ark 

North Little Rock, Ark 

Pine Bluff, Ark 

Texarkana, Ark 

Albany, Calif 

Anaheim, Calif 

Bell, Calif 

Brawley, Calif 

Burlingame, Calif 

Compton, Calif. _. 

El Centro, Calif 

Eureka, Calif 

Fullerton, Calif 

Lodi, Calif 

Maywood, Calif 

Merced, Calif 

Modesto, Calif 

Monrovia, Calif 

Monterey, Calif 

National City, Calif.... 

Ontario, Calif 

Palo Alto, Calif 

Pomona, Calif 

Redlands, Calif 

Redondo Beach, Calif. . 
Redwood City, Calif... 



Number 
of em- 
ployees 



Number 
per 1,000 
inhabit- 
ants 



0.53 
1.53 

.72 
1.11 

.63 
1.12 

.94 
1.23 

.56 

.76 

.96 
1.09 

.89 
1.02 
1.07 

.99 
1.30 
1.00 
1.05 

.81 
1.12 
1.18 
1.34 
1.33 
1. 19 

.97 
1.27 
1.37 

.81 
1 . 05 
1.76 
1.04 



City 



Richmond, Calif 

Salinas, Calif 

San Gabriel, Calif... 
San Leandro, Calif. . . 

San Mateo, Calif 

Santa Cruz, Calif 

Santa Rosa, Calif 

South Pasadena, Calif 

Vallejo, Calif 

Ventura, Calif 

Whittier, Calif 

Boulder, Colo 

Fort Collins, Colo... 
Grand Junction, Colo 

Greeley, Colo 

Trinidad, Colo 

Ansonia, Conn 

Danbury , Conn 

Derby, Conn 

East Hartford, Conn. . 

Naugatuck, Conn 

Norwich, Conn 

Stratford, Conn 

Wallingford, Conn 

WUlimantic, Conn 

Clearwater, Fla 

Daytona Beach, Fla.. 
Fort Lauderdale, Fla 

Gainesville, Fla 

Lakeland, Fla 

St. Augustine, Fla 

Sanford, Fla 



Number 
of em- 
ployees 



Number 
per 1,000 
inhabit- 
ants 



1.48 
1.73 
1.18 
L. 03 

I. 19 
1.07 
1. 19 

.84 

1. 15 

1.21 

I. 12 

. 62 

.82 

1. 12 

. 75 

.76 

.57 

1.03 

1.07 

1.34 

1.82 

1.86 

.84 

1 . 05 

1.90 

1.48 

1.24 

1 . 28 

1.09 

1. 13 

1.24 

.78 



104 

Table 53. — Number of police-department employees, 1940; cities with population 
from 2,500 to 25,000 (based on 1940 decennial census) — Continued 



CITIES WITH 10,000 TO 25,000 INHABITANTS— Continued 



City 



Sarasota, Fla 

Albany, Ga 

Brunswick, Qa 

Dalton, Ga 

Decatur, Ga 

East Point, Ga 

Griffin, Ga 

La Grange, Ga 

Waycross, Ga 

Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 
Idaho Falls, Idaho. _ _ 

Lewiston, Idaho 

Nampa, Idaho 

Pocatello, Idaho 

Twin Falls, Idaho 

Blue Island, 111 

Brookfield, 111 

Cairo, 111 

Calumet City, 111 

Canton, 111 

Centralia, 111 

Champaign, 111 

Chicago Heights, 111.. 

Dixon, 111 

East Moline, 111 

Elmhurst, 111 . . 
Elmwood Park, 111. . 

Forest Park, 111 

Freeport, 111 

Granite City, 111 

Harrisburg, 111 

Harvey, 111 

Highland Park, 111 

Jacksonville, 111 

Kankakee, 111 

Kewanee, 111 

La Grange, 111 

La Salle, 111... 

Lincoln, 111 

Mattoon, 111 

Melrose Park, 111 

Mount Vernon, HP . . 

Ottawa, 111 

Park Eidge, 111 

Pekin.Ill 

Streator,Ill 

Urbana, 111 

West Frankfort, 111 

Wilmette, 111 

Winnetka, 111 

Bloomington, Ind 

Connersville, Ind 

Elwood, Ind 

Frankfort, Ind 

Goshen, Ind 

Huntington, Ind 

Jeflersonville, Ind 

La Porte, Ind 

Logansport, Ind 

New Castle, Ind 

Peru, Ind 

Shelby ville, Ind 

Vincennes, Ind 

Whiting, Ind 

Boone, Iowa 

Fort Dodge, Iowa 

Fort Madison, Iowa. 

Iowa City, Iowa 

Marshalltown, Iowa. 

Muscatine, Iowa 

Newton, Iowa 

Oskaloosa, Iowa 

Arkansas City, Kans 

Atchison, Kans 

Chanute, Kans 

Coffeyville, Kans 



Number 
of em- 
ployees 



22 



Number 
per 1,000 
inhabit- 
ants 



1.08 
1.05 
1.06 
1.05 

.no 

.97 

1.41 
.91 
.78 
.70 
. 93 
.95 
.91 

1.27 

1.01 
.90 
.83 
.90 
.68 
.60 
.98 
.77 

1.02 
.75 
.si 
.78 
.73 

1.08 
.80 
.57 
.44 
.67 

1.11 
.76 
.76 
.71 

1.34 
.86 
. 55 
.63 

1.55 
.61 
.94 
.99 
.67 
.67 
.85 
.40 

1.51 

1.37 
.96 
.85 

1.01 
.95 
.53 

1.01 
.70 
.93 

1.19 
.96 

1.13 
.93 
.88 

2.13 

1.05 
.96 
.64 
.76 
.57 
.98 
.76 
.73 
.86 

1.19 
.89 

1.27 




El Dorado, Kans 

Emporia, Kans 

Fort Scott, Kans 

Independence, Kans 

Lawrence, Kans 

Leavenworth, Kans 

Manhattan, Kans 

Newton, Kans 

Ottawa, Kans 

Parsons, Kans 

Pittsburg, Kans 

Salina, Kans 

Bowling Green, Ky 

Fort Thomas, Ky 

Frankfort, Ky 

Henderson, Ky 

Hopkinsville, Ky 

Bogalusa, La 

Lafayette, La 

Lake Charles, La 

Auburn, Maine 

Augusta, Maine 

Bath, Maine 

Biddeford, Maine 

South Portland, Maine 

Waterville, Maine 

Westbrook, Maine 

Annapolis, Md 

Cambridge, Md 

Frederick, Md 

Salisbury, Md 

Adams Town, Mass 

Amesbury Town, Mass 

Andover Town, Mass 

AtholTown, Mass 

Attleboro, Mass 

Braintree Town, Mass. _____ 

Clinton Town, Mass 

Dan vers Town, Mass 

Dedham Town, Mass 

Easthampton Town, Mass.. 

Fairhaven Town, Mass 

Framingham Town, Mass... 

Gardner, Mass 

Gloucester, Mass 

Greenfield Town, Mass 

Leominster, Mass 

Lexington Town, Mass 

Marblehead Town, Mass 

Marlborough, Mass 

Methuen Town, Mass 

Milford Town, Mass 

Milton Town, Mass 

Natick Town , Mass 

Needham Town, Mass 

Newburyport, Mass.. __ 

North Adams, Mass 

Northampton, Mass 

North Attle bo rough Town, 

Mass 

Northbridge Town, Mass. __ 

Peabody, Mass 

Plymouth Town, Mass 

Reading Town, Mass 

Saugus Town, Mass 

Southbridge Town, Mass 

Stoneham Town, Mass 

Swampscott Town, Mass 

Wakefield Town, Mass 

Webster Town, Mass 

Westfield, Mass 

West Springfield Town, 

Mass 

Winchester Town, Mass 

Winthrop Town, Mass 

Woburn, Mass --- 



Number 
of em- 
ployees 


l\ limner 
per 1,000 


inhabit- 
ants 


9 


0.90 


12 


.91 


9 


.85 


8 


.69 


13 


.90 


21 


1.09 


9 


.77 


8 


.72 


7 


.69 


11 


. 77 


11 


.63 


18 


.85 


17 


1.17 


20 


1.81 


11 


.96 


14 


1.06 


13 


1.11 


10 


.68 


15 


.78 


18 


.85 


18 


.91 


20 


1.03 


10 


.98 


14 


.71 


14 


.89 


12 


.72 


16 


1.44 


15 


1.15 


8 


.79 


20 


1.27 


16 


1.20 


12 


.95 


9 


.83 


13 


1.17 


16 


1.43 


28 


1.27 


19 


1. 16 


9 


.72 


10 


.71 


20 


1.29 


13 


1.26 


8 


.73 


25 


1.0S 


21 


1.04 


44 


1.83 


16 


1.02 


26 


1.17 


17 


1.29 


25 


2.30 


19 


1.25 


28 


1.28 


12 


.78 


35 


1.87 


22 


1.59 


17 


1.37 


18 


1.29 


25 


1.13 


SO 


1.21 


21 


2.03 


14 


1.37 


45 


2.07 


14 


1.07 


20 


1.84 


17 


1.15 


15 


.89 


12 


1. 11 


21 


1.29 


35 


2. 65 


25 


1.33 


24 


1.40 


24 


1 . 59 


21 


1.25 


19 


.96 



105 



Table 53. — Number of -police-department employees, 1940; cities with population 
from 2,500 to 25,000 (based on 1940 decennial census) — Continued 

CITIES WITH 10.0(H) TO 25,000 INHABITANTS— Continual 



City 



Adrian, Mich 

Alpena, Mich . . 

Benton Harbor, Mich 

Birmingham, Mich 
Ecorse, Mich 

Escanaba, Mich 

Ferndale, Mich 

Grosse Pointe Park, Mich 
Holland, Mich... 
Iron Mountain, Mich 

lronwood, Mich 

Lincoln Park, Mich 

Marquette, Mich 

Menominee, Mich 

Midland, Mich 

Monroe, Mich 

Mount Clemens, Mich — 
Muskegon Heights, Mich. 

Niles, Mich. 

Owosso, Mich.. 

River Rouge, Mich 

St. Clair Shores, Mich 

SaultSte. Marie, Mich.... 

Traverse City, Mich 

Ypsilanti, Mich 

Albert Lea, Minn 

Austin, Minn 

Brainerd, Minn 

Faribault, Minn 

Fergus Falls, Minn 

Hibbing, Minn 

Mankato, Minn 

St. Cloud, Minn 

South St. Paul, Minn 

Virginia, Minn 

Winona, Minn 

Biloxi, Miss 

Clarksdale, Miss 

Columbus, Miss 

Greenville, Miss 

Greenwood, Miss 

Gulfport, Miss 

Hattiesburg, Miss 

Laurel, Miss 

Natchez, Miss 

Vicksburg, Miss 

Cape Girardeau, Mo 

Carthage, Mo 

Clayton, Mo 

Columbia, Mo 

Hannibal, Mo 

Independence, Mo 

Jefferson City, Mo 

Kirkwood, Mo 

Maplewood, Mo... 

Moberlv, Mo 

Poplar Bluff, Mo 

Richmond Heights, Mo . . 

St. Charles, Mo 

Sedalia, Mo 

Webster Groves, Mo 

Anaconda, Mont 

Billings, Mont 

Helena, Mont.. 

Missoula, Mont 

Beatrice, Nebr 

Fremont, Nebr 

Grand Island, Nebr 

Hastings, Nebr 

Norfolk, Nebr 

North Platte, Nebr 

Scottsbluff, Nebr 

Reno, Nev 

Dover.N.H 

Keene, N. H 

Laconia, N. H 



Number 
of em- 
ployees 


Number 
per 1,000 


inhabit- 
ants 


12 


0.84 


10 


.78 


15 


.90 


18 


1.61 


24 


1.82 


13 


.88 


24 


1.07 


35 


2.77 


11 


.75 


7 


.63 


17 


1.27 


15 


.98 


12 


.75 


7 


.68 


8 


.77 


20 


1.08 


15 


1.04 


39 


2.43 


12 


1.06 


13 


.90 


24 


1.41 


11 


LOG 


12 


.76 


10 


.69 


16 


1.32 


9 


.71 


16 


.87 


7 


.58 


10 


.69 


5 


.46 


29 


1.77 


16 


1.02 


22 


.91 


13 


1.10 


26 


2.12 


20 


.89 


13 


.74 


15 


1.23 


12 


.88 


15 


.72 


13 


.88 


15 


.99 


19 


.90 


14 


.68 


20 


1.31 


32 


1.31 


16 


.82 


7 


.66 


22 


1.68 


20 


1.09 


23 


1.10 


14 


.87 


15 


.62 


11 


.91 


13 


1.01 


12 


.93 


7 


.63 


15 


1.17 


12 


1.11 


13 


.64 


17 


.92 


8 


.73 


20 


.86 


14 


.93 


14 


.76 


8 


.74 


10 


.84 


22 


1.15 


15 


.99 


12 


1.14 


14 


1.13 


10 


.83 


36 


1.69 


16 


1.07 


15 


1.08 


20 


1.48 



City 



Portsmouth, N. II 

Rochester, N.H _. 
Bergenfield, N.J 

Bridgeton.N. J... 
Burlington, N. J.- 
Carteret, N. J . 
Cliffside Park, N. J 
Collingswood, N. J... 
Cranford, N. J 
Dover, N. J. 
Englewood, N. J ... 
Gloucester City, N. J... 
Harrison, N.J 

Hawthorne, N. J 

Hillside, N. J... 

Linden, N.J 

Lyndhurst, N. J 

Maplewood, N. J 

Morristown, N. J 

Neptune, N.J 

North Plain field, N.J... 
Nutley, N. J... 

Pennsauken, N. J 

Phillipsburg, N.J 

Pleasantville, N.J... 

Rahway, N. J 

Red Bank, N. J . 
Ridgefield Park, N. J 

Ridgewood, N. J 

Roselle, N.J.- 
Rutherford, N. J 

South Orange, N. J 

South River, N.J... 

Summit, N. J. . . 

Cnion, N. J 

Weehaukcn, N. J 

Westfield, N. J ... 

Clovis, N. Mex 

Roswell, N. Mex 

Santc Fe, N. Mex 

Batavia,N. Y 

Beacon, N. Y 

Cohoes, N. Y 

Corning, N. Y 

Cortland, N.Y 

Dunkirk, N. Y _ 

Endicott, N. Y 

Floral Park, N. Y 

Freeport, N. Y 

Fulton, N.Y... 

Garden City, N. Y 

Geneva, N. Y 

Glen Cove, N.Y 

Glens Falls, N. Y 

Gloversville, N. Y.._ 

Hempstead, N. Y 

Hornell, N. Y.... 

Hudson, N.Y 

Irondequoit, N. Y 

Ithaca, N. Y 

Johnson City, N. Y 

Johnstown, N. Y 

Kenmore, N. Y ... 

Lackawanna, N. Y 

Little Falls, N. Y . 

Lockport, N. Y 

Lyn brook, N. Y... 

Mamaroneck, N. Y 

Massena, N. Y 

Middletown, N. Y 

North Tonawanda, N. Y 

Ogdensburg, N. Y 

Olean, N.Y 

Oneida, N. Y 

Oneonta, N. Y 

Ossining, N. Y. 



Number 
of em- 
ployees 



V umber 
per 1,000 
inhabit- 
ants 



106 



Table 53. — Number of police-department employees, 1940; cities with population 
from 2,500 to 25,000 (based on 1940 decennial census) — Continued 



(MTIKS WITH Ki.ikki TO '-'.S.iioii INHABITANTS— Continue.! 



City 



Oswego, N. Y 

Peekskill, N. Y 

Plattsburg, N. Y 

Port Chester, N. Y 

Rensselaer, N. Y 

Rockville Centre, N. Y... 
Saratoga Springs, N. Y... 

Scarsdale, N. Y 

Tonawanda, N. Y 

Watervliet, N. Y... 

Concord, N. C 

Fayette v ille, N. C___ 

Gastonia, N. C 

Ooldsboro, N. C 
Greenville, N. C._ 
Hickory, N. C 

Kinston, N. C 

Lexington, N. C_. 

Reidsville, N. C 

Salisbury, N. C 

Shelby, N. C__- 

Statesville, N. C 

Thomas ville, N. C 

Bismarck, N. Dak 

Grand Forks, N. Dak.... 
Minot, N. Dak... 

Alliance, Ohio 

Ashland, Ohio 

Ashtabula, Ohio 

Barberton, Ohio 

Bellaire, Ohio 

Cambridge, Ohio 

Campbell, Ohio 

Chillicothe, Ohio... 

Coshocton, Ohio 

Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio — 

East Liverpool, Ohio 

Euclid, Ohio... 

Findlay, Ohio 

Fostoria, Ohio 

Fremont, Ohio 

Garfield Heights, Ohio. . 

Ironton, Ohio 

Lancaster, Ohio 

Marietta, Ohio 

Martins Ferry, Ohio 

Mount Vernon, Ohio ... 
New Philadelphia, Ohio 

Niles, Ohio 

Painesville, Ohio 

Parma, Ohio 

Piqua, Ohio 

Salem, Ohio 

Sandusky, Ohio 

Shaker Heights, Ohio 

Struthers, Ohio 

Tiffin, Ohio... 
Wooster, Ohio... 

Xenia, Ohio 

Ada, Okla . 

Ardmore, Okla 

Bartles ville, Okla. 

Chickasha, Okla 

Durant, Okla 

El Reno, Okla... 
Guthrie, Okla 

Norman, Okla 

Okmulgee, Okla 

Ponca City, Okla 

Sapulpa, Okla 

Shawnee, Okla. . 

Stillwater, Okla 

\ toria, Oreg 

Mend, < Ireg 
E ugene, Oreg 
Klamath Falls, Oreg . . 
Medford, Oreg. . 



Number 

of em- 
ployees 



23 

25 

12 

44 

15 

38 

21 

28 

19 

22 

16 

26 

28 

15 

12 

19 

18 

10 

15 

19 

13 

11 

10 

12 

20 

14 

11 
9 

19 

17 

10 
7 

13 

14 
8 

11 

12 

23 

15 
9 

10 

14 

14 
15 
13 
11 
7 
7 
10 
10 
12 
11 
6 

18 
35 
10 
14 
7 

10 
11 
17 
15 
12 
G 
10 
9 
12 
11 
18 
10 
2:! 
10 
12 
6 

18 
Ifi 
10 



Number 
per 1,000 
inhabit- 
ants 



1.04 

1. 14 

.73 

1.91 

1.39 

2.04 

1.53 

2.16 

1.46 

1.37 

1.03 

1.49 

1.31 

.87 

.95 

1.41 

1.17 

.95 

1.44 

1.00 

.93 

.96 

.91 

.77 



.72 
.89 
.71 
.72 
.47 
.94 
.70 
.70 
.54 
.51 

1.29 
.74 
.67 
.68 
.82 
.88 
.68 
.89 
.75 
.69 
.57 
.61 
.82 
.73 
.69 
.49 
.72 

1.50 
.85 
.87 
.61 
.94 
.73 

1.01 
.92 
.85 
.60 
.99 
.90 

1.05 
.69 

1.07 
.82 

1.04 
.99 

1. 16 

.60 
.86 
.97 
.89 




Abington, Pa... 

Ambridge, Pa 

Arnold, Pa 

Beaver Falls, Pa 

Bellevue, Pa 

Berwick, Pa 
Bradford, Pa.. . 

Bristol, Pa 

Butler, Pa . 
Canonsburg, Pa.._ 

Carbondale, Pa 

Carlisle, Pa... 

Carnegie, Pa 

Chambersburg, Pa 

Charleroi, Pa. 
Cheltenham, Pa.. . 
Clairton, Pa 

Coatesville, Pa 

Columbia, Pa. .. 

Connellsville, Pa... 

Darby, Pa 

Donora, Pa 

Dormont, Pa 

Du Bois, Pa ... 
Dunmore, Pa 
Duquesne, Pa.. 
Ell wood City, Pa... 

Farrell, Pa 

Greensbure, Pa 

Harrison Township, Pa 

Homestead, Pa . ._ 

Indiana, Pa 

Jeannette, Pa 

Kingston, Pa 

Lansdowne, Pa 

Latrohe, Pa. 

Lewistown, Pa 

Lock Haven, Pa ... 
Mahanoy City, Pa... 
Meadvil'le, Pa. ._ 

Monessen, Pa 

Mount Carmel, Pa . 
Mount Lehanon Township, 

Pa 
MunhaU,~Pa\\~~"~~ 
Nanticoke, Pa _ 

New Kensington, Pa 

North Braddock, Pa 

Oil City, Pa.... 

Phoenixville, Pa 

Pittston, Pa 

Plains Township, Pa. _ 

Plymouth, Pa 

Pottstown, Pa 

Pottsville, Pa... 

Shamokin, Pa 

Shenandoah, Pa 

Steelton, Pa 

Stowe Township, Pa. 

Sunbury, Pa 

Tamaqua, Pa... 

Uniontown, Pa 

Vandergrift, Pa 

Wancn, Pa 

Wavnesboro, Pa 

West Chester, Pa 
Bristol, R.I... 

Cumberland, R. I 

Lincoln, R. I . 

North Providence, K. I 
Westerly, R. I.... 
West Warwick, R.I... 

Anderson, S. C 

Florence, S. C 

(Ireeiiwood, S. C 

Hock Hill. S. C 

Aberdeen, S. Dak 



Number 
per 1 .000 
inhabit- 
ants 



107 



Table o3. — Number of police-department employees, 1940; cities with population 
from 2,500 to 25,000 (based on 1940 decennial census) — Continued 

CITIES WITH 10,000 TO 25,000 INHABITANTS— Continued 



City 


Number 
of em- 
ployees 


Number 
per 1,000 
inhabit- 
ants 


City 


Number 

of Wil- 


Number 
per 1,000 
inhabit- 
ants 


Huron, S. Dak 


9 
10 

11 


0.83 
.94 

.70 


Staunton, Va 


li! 
19 
12 




Mitchell, S. Dak... 


Suffolk, Va 

Winchester, Va 




Rapid Citv, S. Dak... 


99 


Watertown, S. Dak... 


10 

12 


.94 

.86 


Aberdeen, Wash 


19 
16 


1 01 


Bristol, Tenn 


Bremerton, Wash 


1 . 06 


( Jleveland, Tenn 


10 
8 
25 
17 
11 
6 


.88 
.80 
1.03 
1.18 

1. 11 
. CO 


Hoquiam, Wash 


11 
8 
13 

17 
18 
17 




Dyersburg, Tenn 


Longview, Wash 
Olympia, Wash 




Jackson, Tenn 


98 


Kingsport, Tenn. _ 


Vancouver, Wash 
Walla Walla, Wash._ 
Wenatchee, Wash 




Big Spring, Tex 




Boreer, Tex 


1. 46 


Brownsville, Tex 


17 


.77 


Becklev, W. Va 


8 


.62 


Bi ownwood, Tex 


10 


.75 


Bluefield, W. Va 


19 


. 92 


Bryan, Tex 


8 


. 68 


Fairmont, W. Va 


17 


71 


Cleburne, Tex 


5 


. 17 


Martinsburg, W. Va 


10 


. 66 


Corsicana, Tex, . 


13 


.85 


Morgantown, W. Va 


9 


. 54 


Del Rio, Tex.. 


7 


.52 


Moundsville, W. Va 




. 19 


Denison, Tex . . 


13 


.83 


South Charleston, W. Va 


6 


. 58 


Denton, Tex 


10 


.89 


Ashland, Wis 


10 


.90 


Harlingen, Tex.. 


7 
13 


. 53 
1.26 


Beaver Dam, Wis 
Chippewa Falls, Wis 


11 
11 




Highland Park, Tex 


1.06 


Longview, Tex 


8 


.58 


Cudahv, Wis 


12 


1. 11 


McAllen, Tex 


10 


.84 


Janesville, Wis 


22 


. 96 


Marshall, Tex... 


15 


.81 


Manitowoc, Wis 


2 l 


1. 19 


Palestine, Tex._ _ 


10 


.82 


Marshficld, Wis 


9 


.87 


Pampa, Tex. ._ 


7 


.51 


Menasha, Wis 


14 


1.34 


Paris, Tex._ 


14 


.75 


Neenah, Wis 


15 


1. 11 


Sherman, Tex_. . 


12 


.70 


Shorewood, Wis 


IS 


.99 




10 
12 


. 90 
.78 


South Milwaukee, Wis 
Stevens Point, Wis 


11 
16 




Temple, Tex 


1.01 


Texarkana, Tex. 


14 

18 


.82 
1.24 


Two Rivers, Wis 

Watertown, Wis 


10 
11 




University Park, Tex 


.97 


Logan, Utah 


10 


.84 


Waukesha, Wis 


21 


1.09 


Provo, Utah 


11 


.61 


Wisconsin Rapids, Wis 


12 


1.05 


Barre, Vt 


8 


.73 


Casper, Wyo 


16 


.89 


Rutland, Vt ... 


14 


.82 


Chevenne, Wyo 


17 


.76 


Charlottesville, Va 


23 


1.19 


Laramie, Wyo 


9 


.85 


Fredericksburg, Va ... 


11 


1.09 


Sheridan, Wyo 




.60 


Martinsville, Va 


16 


1.59 













CITIES WITH 2,500 TO 10,000 INHABITANTS 



Andalusia, Ala. .. 

Attalla. Ala 

Auburn, Ala 

Carbon Hill, Ala 
Demopolis, Ala... 
Fort Payne, Ala.. 
( luntersville, Ala. 
Homewood, Ala._ 
Jacksonville, Ala. 
Tasper, Ala 

l.allett, Ala 

Leeds, Ala 

Opp, Ala 

Prichard, Ala 

Roanoke, Ala 

Scottsboro, Ala 
Sheffield, Ala ... 
Sylacauga, Ala. . . 
Tarrant City, Ala 
Bisbee, Ariz 

Douglas, Ariz 

Flagstaff, Ariz 

Glendale, Ariz 

Miami, Ariz 

Nogales, Ariz 

Prescott, Ariz. . . 

Winslow, Ariz 

Batesville, Ark. 

Brinkley, Ark 

Camden, Ark 

Crossett, Ark 

Dermott. Ark . 
Fayetteville, Ark. 



0.87 

1.02 

.64 

1. 17 

.73 

.90 

1. 14 

.81 

.67 

1. 17 

1. 14 

.69 

1.26 

1.48 

.911 

1.06 

1.13 

.80 

.73 

1.211 

1.28 

1. 18 

. 62 

1.06 

1. 17 

1.33 

1 53 

.76 

ss 

5fi 

.61 

.97 

.61 



Forrest City, Ark. 
Helena, Ark 
Mc< iehee. Ark 
Malvern, Ark . 
Marianna, Ark. ._ 
Monticello, Ark_. 
Morrilton, Ark . 
Newport, Ark. . 

Rogers, Ark 

Russellville, Ark^ 
Searcy, Ark 
Stuttgart, Ark 
Trumann, Ark. ._ 
Van Buren, Ark 
West Helena, Ark 
Wynne, Ark.. . 
Antioch, Calif . 
Arcadia, Calif. . 
Azusa, Calif 
Banning, Calif. 
Brea, Calif... 
Calexico, Calif 
Chico, Calif. . 
Chino, Calif 
Chula Vista, Calif 
Claremont, Calif. . 
Coalinga, Calif. . 
Colton, Calif. . 
Corona. Calif 
Coronado, < 'alii 
Covina, Calif 
Culver Citv. Calif 
Daly City, Calif... 



108 

Table 53. — Number of police-department employees, 1940; cities with population 
from 2,500 to 25,000 (based on 1940 decennial census) — Continued 

CITIES WITH 2,500 TO 10,000 INHABITANTS— Continued 



City 



Delano, Calif 

Dinuba, Calif 

El Cerrito, Calif 
El Monte, Calif 
El Segundo, Calif 
Emeryville, Calif 

Escondido, Calif 

Exeter, Calif 

Fillmore, Calif 

Fort Bragg, Calif 

Gardena, Calif 

Gilroy, Calif 

Grass Valley, Calif.-- 

II an ford, Calif 

Hawthorne, Calif 

Hay ward, Calif 

Healdsburg, Calif 

Hemet, Calif. . 

Hermosa Beach, Calif 

Hillsborough, Calif. .. 

Hollister, Calif .. 

Huntington Beach, Calif. . 
Laguna Beach, Calif 

La Mesa, Calif 

La Verne, Calif- .. 

Livermore, Calif 

Lompoc, Calif 
Los Gatos, Calif. 

Madera, Calif. _ -- 

Manhattan Beach, Calif--- 
Martinez, Calif. .. 
Marysville, Calif. . 
Mill Valley, Calif.. . 
Montebello, Calif. .. 
Monterey Park, Calif - - 
Mountain View, Calif 
Napa, Calif. .. 
Needles, Calif. .. 
Newport Beach, Calif 
North Sacramento, Calif . 
Oakdale, Calif . 

Oceanside, Calif 

Orange, Calif 

Oroville, Calif . . 
Oxnard, Calif— . 

Pacific Grove, Calif 

Petaluma, Calif 

Piedmont, Calif. 

Pittsburg, Calif 

Porterville, Calif 

Redding, Calif 

R lley, Calif. 

Roseville, Calif 

San A nselmo, Calif. 

San Bruno, Calif 
San Carlos, Calif. . 
San Fernando, Calif 
Sanger, Calif. . . 
San Luis Obispo, Calif 
San Marino, Calif 
San Rafael, Calif. . 
Santa Clara, Calif 
Santa Maria, Calif 
Santa Paula, Calif . 
Sausalito, Calif 

Selma, Calif .-- 

Sierra Madre, Calif 
Signal Hill, Calif.. 
South San Francisco, Calif 
Sunnyvale, Calif. . 
Torrance, Calif- 
Tracy, Calif ... 

Tulare, Calif 

Turlock, Calif. 

Upland, Calif... 
Visalia, Calif. .. 
Watsonville, Calif.. 



Number 
of em- 
ployees 



Number 


per 1,000 


inhabit- 


ants 


1.31 


1.06 


.98 


1.90 


5.08 


5. 10 


1. 10 


1.03 


.92 


1.55 


1.02 


1.38 


1.40 


1.09 


1.33 


1.04 


1.99 


1.54 


1.67 


2.91 


1.55 


2.41 


2.24 


1.27 


1.29 


2.08 


1.18 


1.11 


.93 


1.88 


.95 


1.96 


1.65 


1.62 


1.29 


1.01 


1.03 


.83 


3. 15 


.98 


1.16 


1.29 


1.14 


1.58 


.70 


..80 


1.24 


1.93 


1.16 


1.12 


1.73 


1.26 


1.20 


.86 


.92 


1.42 


1.32 


1.24 


1. 46 


2.20 


1.52 


1.50 


1.06 


.78 


1.13 


1.36 


1.31 


1.88 


1. 14 


1.51 


1.73 


1.45 


2.07 


1.58 


1.46 


1.34 



City 



Woodland, Calif- .. 
Yuba <'ity, Calif. .. 

Alamosa, Colo 

Brighton, Colo 

Canon City, Colo 

Delta, Colo 

Durango, Colo 

Englewood, Colo 

Fort Morgan, Colo 

La Junta, Colo 

Lamar, Colo 

Leadville, Colo. 

Longmont, Colo 

Loveland, Colo . 

Monte Vista, Colo - 

Montrose, Colo 

Rocky Ford, Colo 

Salida, Colo 

Sterling, Colo 

Walsenburg, Colo 

Danielson, Conn 

Groton, Conn. _ -- 

Putnam, Conn. 

Rockville, Conn. . 

Southington, Conn 

Winsted, Conn 

Dover, Del - 
Milford, Del 
Newark, Del. . 

New Castle, Del 

Apalachicola, Fla 

Arcadia, Fla. 

Avon Park, Fla 

Bartow, Fla 
Bradenton, Fla 

Cocoa, Fla.. . . - 

Coral Gables, Fla 

De Funiak Springs, Fla 
Eustis, Fla. 
Fernandina, Fla 
Fort Pierce, Fla 
Hialeah, Fla 
Hollywood, Fla 

Kissimmee, Fla 

Lake Wales, Fla 
Leesburg, Fla 
Marianna, Fla 
New Smyrna Beach, Fla 

Ocala, Fla 

Palatka, Fla 

Palm Beach, Fla 

Palmetto, Fla ... 
Pompano, Fla 

Quincy, Fla. . 

River Junction, Fla 

Sebring, Fla 
Wauchula, Fla 

Winter Haven, Fla 

Winter Park, Fla.-. 

Americus, Ga 

Bainbridge, Ga 

Cairo, Ga .-- 

Calhoun, Ga -- 

Cartersville, Ga. . 

Commerce, Ga 

Cordele, Ga 
Cuthbert, Ga 

Douglasville, Ga 

1 >ublin, Ga .. 
Elberton, Ga 
Newnan, Ga . . 
Pclham, Ga 

Porterdale, Ga 

Quitman, Ga.-- - 

Rossville, Ga 

Statesboro, Ga 

Vidalia, Ga 



Number 
of em- 
ployees 



Number 
per 1,000 
inhabit- 
ants 



109 



Table 53. — Number of police-department employees, 1940; cities with population 
from 2,500 to 25,000 (based on 1940 decennial census) — Continued 



CITIES WITH 2,500 TO 10,000 INHABITANTS— Continued 



City 



Blackfoot, Idaho, 

Burley, Idaho . 

Caldwell, Idaho 

Einmett, Idaho 

Jerome, Idaho 

Malad City, Idaho.. 

Moscow, Idaho 

Payette, Idaho 

Preston, Idaho 

Rexburg, Idaho 

St. Anthony, Idaho. . 
Sandpoint, Idaho 

Wallace, Idaho 

Weiser, Idaho 
Abingdon, 111 
Anna, 111. 

Arlington Heights, 111 
Barrington, 111 
Batavia, 111 . 

Beardstown, 111 

Bellwood, 111 

Belvidere, 111 

Benton, 111 

Bradley, 111. . 
Carbondale, 111 ...... 

Carlinville, 111 

Carmi,Ill 

Carterville, 111 

Charleston, 111 

Chester, 111 . 

Christopher, 111 

Clinton, 111.. 
Collinsville, 111 

Crystal Lake, 111 

DeKalb, 111. 

Des Plaines, 111 

Downers Grove, 111 

Du Quoin, 111.. 

East Alton, 111 

East Peoria, 111 

Edwardsville, 111 

Effingham, 111 

Flora, 111 

Franklin Park, 111 

Oalva, 111 

Geneseo, 111- 

Geneva, 111 

Gillespie, 111 

Glencoe, 111 

GlenEllyn, 111... ... 

Greenville, 111. . . ... 

Havana, 111 

Herrin, 111... 

Highland, 111 

Highwood, 111 

Hillsboro, 111 

Hinsdale, 111 

Homewood, 111 

Hoopeston, 111 

Johnston City, 111. .. 
Kenilworth, HI ... 
La Grange Park, 111 . 

Lake Forest, 111 

Lansing, 111 

Lawrence ville, 111 

Lemont, III 

Libertyville, 111 

Litchfield, 111 

Lockport, 111 

Lombard, 111 

Lyons, 111 

Macomb, 111 

Madison, 111 

Marseilles, 111 

Marshal, 111 
Mendota, 111 
Monmouth, 111 



Number 
of em- 
ployees 



Number 


per 1,000 


inliatiil- 


ants 


1.36 


.75 


.69 


1.25 


.85 


.73 


.67 


.90 


.87 


1. 10 


.69 


.78 


.55 


.62 


.49 


1.24 


.84 


.98 


1.08 


1. 15 


.86 


.41 


1.08 


.58 


.60 


.98 


.69 


.49 


.98 


.52 


.79 


1.02 


1.02 


.87 


1. 16 


.73 


.67 


1.07 


1.47 


.62 


.81 


1. 10 


1.33 


1.42 


1.05 


1.71 


.90 


1.76 


1.37 


2.06 


1.50 


.53 


.79 


1.89 


.89 


1.77 


.98 


.56 


.74 


3.07 


1.17 


2.47 


1.57 


.64 


1. 17 


.76 


.57 


.86 


.85 


1.01 


.80 


1.29 


.90 


2.54 


.95 


1.10 



City 



Morris, 111. . 
Morrison, 111 . 
Mount Carmel, 111 
Mount Olive, 111 
Murphysboro, 111 
Naperville, 111 
Nokomis, 111 .. 

Normal, 111 

North Chicago, 111 

Oglesbv, 111 

Olney, 111 .... 
Pana, 111 . 
Paris, 111 

Paxton, 111 

Peoria Heights, 111 
Peru, 111 
Phoenix, 111 _ 
Pincknev ville, 111 . 

Pontiac, 111 

Princeton, 111 

Riverdale, 111.. 
River Forest, 111 
River Grove, 111 

Riverside, 111. 

Robinson, 111 

Rochelle, 111 

St. Charles, 111 

Salem, 111... 

Sandwich, 111 

Savanna, 111 

Shelby ville. Ill 

Silvis, 111. 

Skokie, 111 

South Beloit, 111 
Sparta, 111 . . 
Spring Valley, 111... 

Staunton, 111 

Steger, 111 

Summit, 111 

Taylor ville, 111 

Tuscola, 111 

Vandalia, 111 

Venice, 111 

Villa Park, 111 . . 

Virden, 111 

Watseka, 111. . 
West Chicago, 111 
Western Springs, 111 

Westmont, 111.. 

West ville, 111 

Wheaton, 111 

White Hall, 111 

Wood River, 111 

Zeigler, 111 

Zion.Ill 

Alexandria, Ind _ 

Angola, Ind 

Attica, Ind. 

Auburn, Ind 

Beech Grove, Ind... 

Bicknell, Ind 

Boon ville, Ind 

Clinton, Ind 

Columbia City, Ind 
Crown Point, Ind. 

Decatur, Ind 

Dunkirk, Ind 

East Gary, Ind ..... 

Franklin, Ind 

Garrett, Ind 

Gas City, Ind 

Greencaslle, Ind 

Green field , Ind 

Greensburg, Ind 

Hartford City, Ind. 
Highland, Ind 
Huntingburg, Ind. . 



Number 

of em- 
ployees 



Number 

per 1,000 

inhabit- 
ants 



110 



Table ~>3.- -Xi< ml>< r of police-department employees, 1,940; cities with population 
from 2,500 to 25,000 (basal on I !).',() decennial census) — Continued 

CITIES WITH 2,500 TO 10,000 INHABITANTS— Continued 



City 



Jasonville, Ind 

Jasper, Ind 

Kendallville, Ind 

Lawrenceburg, Ind 

Lebanon, Ind 

Linton, Ind 

Madison, Ind.. 

Martinsville, Ind 

Mitchell, Ind 

Mount Vernon, Ind 
Nappanee, Ind... 

North Vernon, Ind 

Oakland City, Ind. .. 
Petersburg, Ind 

Plymouth, Ind 

Princeton, Ind 

Rensselaer, Ind 

Rochester, Ind 

Rush ville, Ind 

Salem, Ind 

Seymour, Ind 

Sullivan, Ind 

Valparaiso, Ind 

Wabash, Ind 

Warsaw, Ind 

Washington, Ind 

West Terre Haute, Ind 
Winchester, Ind _ 

Albia, Iowa 

Algona, Iowa 

Anamosa, Iowa 

Atlantic, Iowa 

Belle Plaine, Iowa 

Bettendorf, Iowa 

Carroll, Iowa 

Cedar Falls, Iowa 

Centerville, Iowa 

Chariton, Iowa 

Charles City, Iowa 

Cherokee, Iowa 

("larinda, Iowa 

Clarion, Iowa 

Clear Lake, Iowa 

( 'rt'sco, Iowa 

Creston, Iowa 

Decorah, Iowa 

Dennison, Iowa 

Eagle Grove, Iowa 

Eldora, Iowa 

Kmmetsburg, Iowa 

Fairfield, Iowa 

Olenwood, Iowa 

( irinnell, Iowa 

Hampton, Iowa 

Humboldt, Iowa 

Independence, Iowa 

Iowa Falls, Iowa 

Jefferson, Iowa 

Knoxville, Iowa 

Le Mars, Iowa 

Maquoketa, Iowa 

Marion, Iowa 

Missouri Valley, Iowa- 
Mount Pleasant, Iowa- 
Nevada, Iowa.. 

Oelwein, Iowa 

Onawa, Iowa 

Osage, Iowa 

i 1 ceola, Iowa 

Telia, Iowa 

Perry, Iowa 

Sheldon, Iowa 

Shenandoah, Iowa 

Spencer, Iowa 

Storm Lake, Iowa 

Tama, Iowa 

Vinton, iowa 



Number 
of em- 
ployees 



Number 
per 1,000 
inhabit- 
ants 



0.88 
.40 
.74 
.91 
.61 
.64 
.72 
.60 
1.47 
.53 
.99 
1.29 
.33 
.98 
.70 
.64 
.93 
.78 
.84 
1.25 
.70 
.59 
1.14 
.83 
1.57 
.64 
.80 
.'.14 
.58 
.si 
.49 
.52 
.94 
.32 
.74 
.64 
.71 
.52 
.58 
.80 
.82 
.67 
.80 
.57 
.87 
.94 
.92 
.75 
.56 
.89 
.59 
.44 
.77 
.50 
1.06 
.92 
.90 
.73 
1. 15 
.75 
.74 
. 85 
. 75 
.87 
.89 
.64 
. 58 
.<>3 
1.52 
.55 
.(17 
1.06 
.44 
.76 
.76 
I. 06 
1.20 



City 



Washington, Iowa 

Waverly, Iowa 

Webster City, Iowa. - . 
West Des Moines, Iowa 

Abilene, Kans 

Anthony, Kans 

Augusta, Kans 

Baxter Springs, Kans 

Belleville, Kans 

Caney, Kans 

Cherry vale, Kans_ - . 
Clay Center, Kans- .. 
Concordia, Kans_ . . 
Council Grove, Kans . . 
Dodge City, Kans... 

Eureka, Kans 

Fredonia, Kans 

Galena, Kans 

Garden City, Kans 

Garnett, Kans 

Goodland, Kans-. 
Great Bend, Kans ... 

Hays, Kans 

Herington, Kans 

Hiawatha, Kans 

Hoisington, Kans 

Holton, Kans 

Horton, Kans 

Iola, Kans 

Junction City, Kans. . 
Kingman, Kans... 

Liberal, Kans 

Lyons, Kans 

McPherson, Kans. . _ 

Marysville, Kans 

Neodesha, Kans 

Norton, Kans 

Olathe, Kans 

Osawatomie, Kans 

Pratt, Kans 

Russell, Kans 

Wellington, Kans 

W infield, Kans... 
Catlettsburg, Ky... 
Central City, Ky. 

Corbin, Ky 

Cumberland, Ky__. 

Cynthiana, Ky 

Dawson Springs, Ky. . _ 

Dayton, Ky 

Elsmere, Ky 

Franklin, Ky. 

Fulton, Ky 

Georgetown, Ky 

Glasgow, Ky : 

Harlan, Ky 

Jenkins, Ky 

Lebanon, Ky 

Ludlow, Ky 

Madisonville, Ky. . 
Mount Sterling, Ky... 

Nicholas ville, Ky 

Pikeville, Ky 

Pineville, Ky 

Providence, Ky 

Richmond, Ky 

Russellville, Ky 

Bastrop, La 

De Quincy, La 

De Ridder, La 

Donaldsonville, La 

Ferriday, La 

Hammond, La 

Houma, La 

Jennings, La 

J oneshoro, La 

Leesville, La 



T 


Number 


of em- 


per 1,000 


inhabit- 




ants 


3 


0.57 


4 


.96 


6 


.89 


2 


.47 


3 


.53 


3 


1.04 


6 


1.57 


5 


1.02 


3 


1. 16 


4 


1.52 


•) 


.63 


4 


.89 


5 


.80 


■> 


.70 


9 


1.06 


4 


1.05 


5 


1.42 


5 


1.14 


6 


.95 


2 


.60 


4 


.44 


4 


.63 


2 


.53 


3 


.93 


3 


.81 


6 


2.09 


G 


.83 

82 


4 


1.24 


4 


.91 


3 


.67 


7 


.97 


3 


.89 


3 


.75 


4 


.97 


5 


.76 


4 


.83 


5 


.69 


8 


.84 


4 


.88 


3 


.71 


6 


1. 45 


4 


.83 


2 


.78 


6 


.72 


6 


2.08 


3 


.76 


4 


1.21 


6 


1.36 


6 


1.03 


5 


.98 


5 


1.32 


5 


.81 


8 


.97 


5 


1.05 


4 


1.25 


4 


.96 


5 


1.29 


3 


.68 


4 


1.00 


6 


.91 


7 


2. 15 


3 


.80 


•> 


.70 


4 


.66 


6 


.66 


4 


.54 


3 


1.14 


3 


1.06 



Ill 



Table 53. — Number of police-department employees, 1.940; cities with population 
from 2,500 to 25,000 (based on 1940 decennial census) — Continued 

CITIES WITH 2,500 TO 10,000 INHABITANTS— Continued 



City 



Mansfield, La 

Minden, La 

Natchitoches, La 

Oakdale, La 

Pineville, La 

Plaquemine, La 

Rayne, La 

Slidell, La 

Tallulah, La 

West Monroe, La 

Belfast, Maine. 

Brunswick, Maine 

Calais, Maine 

Fort Fairfield, Maine 

Gardiner, Maine 

Hallowell, Maine 

Old Town, Maine. - 

Presque Isle, Maine 

Rockland, Maine 

Saco, Maine 

Brunswick, Md 

Kaston, Md 

Frostburg, Md 

Greenbelt, Md 

Laurel, Md 

Mount Rainier, Md 

Pocomoke City, Md 

Takoma Park, Md 

Westernport, Md 

Amherst, Mass 

Auburn, Mass 

Ayer, Mass 

Barnstable, Mass 

Bridgewater, Mass 

Canton, Mass 

Concord, Mass 

Dalton, Mass 

Dartmouth, Mass 

Dracut, Mass 

Dudley, Mass 

Franklin, Mass 

Great Barrington, Mass- 

Hingham, Mass 

Hudson, Mass 

Ipswich, Mass 

Longmeadow, Mass 

Ludlow, Mass 

Mansfield, Mass 

Middleborough, Mass... 

Millbury, Mass 

Montague, Mass 

Nantucket, Mass 

North Andover, Mass... 

Orange, Mass 

Palmer, Mass 

Provincetown, Mass 

Randolph, Mass 

Rockport, Mass 

Somerset, Mass 

South Hadley, Mass 

Spencer, Mass 

Uxbridge, Mass 

Walpole, Mass 

Ware, Mass 

Winchendon, Mass 

Albion, Mich. 

Allegan, Mich 

Alma, Mich 

Bad Axe, Mich 

Belding, Mich 

Berkley, Mich 

Bessemer, Mich 

Big Rapids, Mich 

Boyne City, Mich 

Buchanan, Mich 

Cadillac, Mich 



Number 
of em- 
ployees 



Number 
per 1,000 

inhabit- 
ants 



0.74 

.60 

1.17 

.76 

.47 

.99 

.60 

1.05 

.70 

.70 

.72 

1.29 

1.36 

1.49 

.99 

1.03 

1.17 

.55 

.90 

1.27 

1.56 

1.10 

.65 

1.41 

.71 

1.04 

1.46 

.90 

.28 

.62 

1.51 



17 


2.04 


9 


1.01 


8 


1.25 


10 


1.25 


3 


.71 


11 


1.22 


3 


.41 


14 


3.03 


6 


.82 


7 


1.20 


12 


1.50 


9 


1.12 


9 


1.42 


i 


1.21 


9 


1.10 


4 


.61 


6 


.66 


6 


.86 


4 


.53 


i 


2.06 


9 


1.20 


4 


.71 


12 


1.31 


6 


1.64 


4 


.52 


i 


1.97 


5 


.85 


5 


.73 


2 


.30 


6 


.94 


10 


1.34 


4 


.53 


9 


1.37 


5 


.60 


4 


.88 


4 


.56 


1 


.38 


1 


.24 


6 


.94 


4 


.98 


6 


] . 20 


2 


. 69 


2 


. 19 


6 


.61 



Cam, Mich 

t 'enter Line, Mich 

Charlotte, Mich 

Cheboygan, Mich 

Clawson, Mich . . 

Cold water, Mich 

Crystal Falls, Mich 

I >owagiac, Mich 

Durand, Mich 

East Detroit, Mich 

East Grand Rapids, Mich . 

East Lansing, Mich 

Eaton Rapids, Mich 
Fcnton, Mich 
Fremont, Mich 
Gladstone, Mich. . . 
Grand Haven, Mich 
Grand Ledge, Mich ... 
Greenville, Mich. . 
Grosse Pointe, Mich . 
Grosse Pointe Farms, Mich. 
Grosse Pointe Woods, Mich. 
Hancock, Mich... 

Hastings, Mich 

Hillsdale, Mich... 

Houghton, Mich 

Howell, Mich 

Ionia, Mich. . . 

Iron River, Mich 

Ishpeming, Mich 

Kingsford, Mich 

Ludington, Mich 

Manistee, Mich. .. 
Manistique, Mich . . 

Marine City, Mich 

Marshall, Mich.. 

Melvindale, Mich.. 

Mount Pleasant, Mich... 

Munising, Mich 

Negaunee, Mich 

Northville, Mich 

Norway, M ich 

Otsego, Mich 

Petoskey, Mich . 

Pleasant Ridge, Mich 

Plymouth, Mich 

Rochester. Mich 

Rogers City, Mich _ _ 

Roseville, Mich 

St. Clair, Mich . . 

St. Ignace, Mich 

St. Johns, Mich 

St. Joseph, Mich 

South Haven, Mich 

Sturgis, Mich 

Three Rivers, Mich 

Trenton, Mich 

Wakefield, Mich 

Wavne, Mich 

Zeel'and, Mich 

Alexandria, Minn 

Anoka, Minn 

Bayport, Minn 

Bemidji, Minn 

Blue Earth, Minn 

Breckenridge, Minn . 

Chisholm, Minn 

Cloquet, Minn 

Columbia Heights, Minn... 

Crookston, Minn 

Crosby, Minn . 

Detroit Lakes, Minn . 

East Grand Forks, Minn 

Edina, Minn 

Ely, Minn. 



Number 

of em- 
ployees 



\ I] [II I MM 

per 1,000 
inhabit- 
ants 



112 



Table 53. — Number of police-department employees, 1940; cities with population 
from 2,500 to 25,000 (based on 1940 decennial census) — Continued 

CITIES WITH 2,500 TO 10,000 INHABITANTS— Continued 



City 



Eveleth, Minn 

Fairmont, Minn 

Gilbert, Minn 

Grand Rapids, Minn 

Hastings, Minn.- - 

Hopkins, Minn 

Hutchinson, Minn 

International Falls, Minn. 

Jackson, Minn 

Lake Citv, Minn — 

Litchfield, Minn 

Little Falls, Minn 

Luverne, Minn 

Marshall, Minn 

Montevideo, Minn 

Moorhead, Minn 

Morris, Minn 

New Ulm, Minn 

Northfield, Minn.. 
North Mankato, Minn.,. 
North St. Paul, Minn... 

Owatonna, Minn 

Pipestone, Minn 

Red Wing, Minn 

Redwood Falls, Minn 

Richfield, Minn 

Robbinsdale, Minn 

St. James, Minn 

St. Louis Park, Minn 

St. Peter, Minn 

Sauk Center, Minn 

Sauk Rapids, Minn 

Sleepy Eye, Minn 

Staples, Minn 

Stillwater, Minn 

Thief River Falls, Minn.. 

Tracy, Minn 

Two Harbors, Minn 

Wadena, Minn 

Waseca, Minn 

West St. Paul, Minn 

White Bear Lake, Minn.. 

Worthington, Minn 

Columbia, Miss 

Grenada, Miss 

Kosciusko, Miss 

Lexington, Miss 

Louisville, Miss. 

McComb, Miss 

New Albany, Miss 

Starkville, Miss 

West Point, Miss 

Winona, Miss 

Yazoo City, Miss 

Aurora, Mo 

Bonne Terre, Mo 

Boonville, Mo 

Brentwood, Mo 

Cameron, Mo 

Carrollton, Mo 

Chaffee, Mo 

Chillicothe, Mo 

Clinton, Mo 

DeSoto, Mo 

Excelsior Springs, Mo 

Farmington, Mo 

Festus, Mo 

Fulton, Mo 

Higginsville, Mo 

Marceline, Mo 

Marshall, Mo 

Maryville, Mo 

Mexico, Mo 

Monett, Mo. . 

Nevada, Mo. 

Ste. Genevieve, Mo 



Number 
of em- 
ployees 



Number 
per 1,000 
inhabit- 
ants 



2.32 
. 72 

2.00 
.82 
.88 
.73 
.77 
.89 

1.06 

1.25 

!99 
.96 

.87 
.57 
.84 
.93 



.57 
.32 
.81 
.64 
.90 
.92 
.30 
.66 
.88 
.52 
.51 
.66 
.34 
1.03 
1.02 
1.14 
1.00 
.65 
1.24 
1.03 
.70 
.70 
1.75 
,68 
.66 
.86 
.93 
.68 
. 58 
.61 
1.39 
.82 
1.07 
1. 18 
1.24 
.74 



City 



1.83 
.83 
.98 
.66 
.75 
.66 
.39 

1.23 
.54 
.43 
.72 
.85 
.94 
.59 
.70 
.66 

1.37 



Slater, Mo 

Trenton, Mo 

Washington, Mo 

Bozeman, Mont 

Cut Bank, Mont 

Leer Lodge, Mont 

Glendive, Mont 

Havre, Mont 

Kalispell, Mont 

Laurel, Mont 

Lewistown, Mont 

Livingston, Mont 

Miles City, Mont 

Roundup, Mont 

Whitefish, Mont 

Alliance, Nebr 

Auburn, Nebr 

Blair, Nebr 

Chadron, Nebr 

Columbus, Nebr 

Crete, Nebr 

Fairburv, Nebr... 

Falls City, Nebr 

Gering, Nebr 

Holdrege, Nebr 

Kearney, Nebr 

Lexington, Nebr 

McCook, Nebr 

Nebraska City, Nebr 

Plattsmouth, Nebr 

Schuyler, Nebr 

Seward, Nebr 

Sidney, Nebr 

South Sioux City, Nebr. 

Wahoo, Nebr 

West Point, Nebr 

York, Nebr 

Ely, Nev 

Las Vegas, Nev 

Sparks, Nev 

Derrv, N. H. 

Exeter, N. H 

Franklin, N. H 

Littleton, N. H 

Newport, N. H 

Somersworth, N. H 

Audubon, N.J 

Belmar. N. J 

Bernardsville, N. J 

Bogota, N. J 

Boonton, N. J 

Bound Brook, N. J 

Bradley Beach, N. J 

Butler, N.J 

Caldwell, N. J... _. 

CapeMav, N. J 

Carlstadt, N.J 

Chatham, N. J 

Clementon, N.J 

Closter, N.J 

Dunellen, N.J. 

East Paterson, N. J 

East Rutherford, N. J.. 

Edgewater, N. J 

Fairlawn, N. J 

Fairview, N.J 

Flemington, N. J 

Fort Lee, N.J 

Freehold, N.J 

Garwood, N. J 

Glassboro, N. J 

Glen Ridge, N.J 

Glen Rock, N. J 

Guttenberg, N. J 

Hackettstown, N.J 

Haddonfield, N. J 



Number 
of em- 
ployees 



Number 
per 1,000 
inhabit- 
ants 



113 

Table 53. — Number of police-department employees, 1940; cities with population 
from 2,500 to 25,000 (based on 1940 decennial census) — Continued 

CITIES WITH 2,500 TO 10,000 INHABITANTS— Continued 



City 



Number 
of em- 
ployees 



Haddon Heights, N. J 
Haledon, N J 
Hammonton, N. J 
Hasbrouek Heights, N. J 
Hillsdale, N. 3 

Keansburg, N. J 

Keyport, N. J 

Lambertville, N. J 

Leonia, N. J 

Lindenwold, N. J 

Little Ferry, N.J 

Madison, N. J 

Manville, N. J 

Margate City, N. J 

Matawan, N. J 

May wood, N. J _.. 

Merchantville, N. J 

Metuchen, N.J 

Middlesex, N. J 

Midland Park, N.J 

New Milford, N.J 

Newton, N. J 

Northfield, N. J 

North Haledon, N. J 

Ocean City, N.J 

Oceanport, N. J 

Oradell.N.J 

Palisades Park, N. J 

Paramus, N. J 

Park Ridge, N. J 

Penns Grove, N. J 

Pitman, N. J 

Pompton Lakes, N. J 

Princeton, N. J 

Prospect Park, N. J 

Ramsey, N.J 

Raritan, N. J 

Ridgefield, N. J 

River Edge, N. J 

Roselle Park, N. J 

Rumson, N. J 

Runnemede, N. J 

Salem, N.J 

Sayreville, N. J 

Secaucus, N. J 

Somerville, N. J 

South Plainfield, N. J 

Tenafly, N. J 

Verona, N.J 

Vineland, N. J . 

Washington, N.J 

West Caldwell, N. J 

Westville, N.J 

Westwood, N. J 

Wharton, N.J 

Wildwood, N.J 

Woodburv, N. J-. 

Wood-Ridge, N.J 

Alamogordo, N. Mex 

Helen, N. Mex 

Carlsbad, N. Mex 

Clayton, N. Mex 

Gallup, N. Mex 

Portales, N. Mex 

Raton, N. Mex 

Tucumcari, N. Mex 

Albion, N. Y 

Aniitvville, N. Y 

Babylon, N. Y 

Baldwinsville, N. Y 

liallston Spa, N. Y 

Bath.N. Y 

llronxville, N. Y 

Canajohane, N. Y . 

Canandaigua, N. Y 

Canastota, N. Y 

Canisteo, N. Y 



Number 
per 1,000 
inhabit- 
ants 



1.98 
.94 
.65 

1.79 

2. 01 
3.10 
1.75 
1.12 
2.08 

.78 
2.20 
1.38 

.66 
3.06 
1.45 
2.47 
2.45 
1.22 

.53 

.88 
1.87 
1.63 
1.05 

.72 
7.06 

.32 
2.14 
1.23 
1.08 
1.59 
1.08 
1.09 
1.25 
1.94 
2.28 
1.96 

.62 
2.28 

.91 
1.04 

3. 42 
1.00 

. 03 
1.22 
1.54 
1.38 
1.30 
2.29 
1.79 
1.64 
1.08 
1. 71 

1. 12 

2. 00 
.26 

3. IV.) 
1.57 
1.74 

.51 
.99 
.70 
.91 
.85 
.78 
.66 
.65 
1.29 
2.17 
2. 53 
.78 
2. 03 
1.92 
2.90 
. 7H 
1.20 
1.45 
1.18 



City 



Canton, N. Y . 

Carthage, N. Y 

Catskill, N. Y. . 
Cobleskill, N. Y 

Coopersto wn, N . Y 

Corinth, N. Y 
Croton-on-Hudson, N. Y.. 

Dannemora, N. Y 

Dansvffle, N. Y 

Depew, N. Y_.. 

Dobbs Ferry, N. Y 

Dolgeville, N. Y... 

East Aurora, N. Y 

East Rochester, N. Y 

East Syracuse, N. Y 

Ellenville, N. Y 

Elmira Heights, N. Y— 

Elmsford, N.Y 

Fairport, N. Y 

Falconer, N. Y 

Farmingdale, N. Y 

Fort Edward, N.Y 

Fort Plain, N. Y 

Frankfort, N. Y. 

Fredonia, N. Y 

Goshen, N. Y 

Gouverneur, N. Y 

Gowanda, N. Y 

Granville, N. Y 

Green Island, N. Y 

Greenport, N. Y 

Hamburg, N. Y 

Hastings-on-Hudson, N. Y 

Haverstraw, N. Y 

Herkimer, N. Y. 

Highland Falls, N. Y._. 

Homer, N. Y 

Hoosick Falls, N.Y 

Hudson Falls, N. Y 

Ilion, N. Y-.- 

Irvington, N. Y 

Lake Placid, N. Y 

Lancaster, N. Y 

Larchmont, N. Y 

LeRoy,N. Y 

Liberty,N. Y 

Lindenhurst, N. Y 

Lowville, N.Y 

Lyons, N.Y 

Malone, N. Y 

Mechanicville, N. Y 

Medina.N. Y 

Mohawk, N.Y 
Monticello, N. Y... 

Mount Morris, N. Y 

Newark, N. Y 

New York Mills, N.Y. . 

North Pelham, N. Y 

Northport, N.Y 

North Tarrytown, N. Y ... 

Norwich, N. Y 

Nyack, N. Y 

Owego, N. Y 

Palmyra, N. Y 

Patchogue, N. Y 

Pelham Manor, N.Y 

Penn Yan, N. Y 

Perry,N. Y 

Pleasantville, N. Y 

Port Jervis, N. Y 

Potsdam, N. Y _ 

Rve.N. Y 

Sag Harbor, N. Y 

Salamanca, N . Y 

Saranac Lake, N. Y 

Saugerties, N.Y 

Scotia.N.Y 



Number 
of em- 
ployees 



Number 

per 1,000 

inhabit- 
ants 



114 

Table 53. Number of police-department employees, 1940; cities with population 
from 2,500 to 25,000 (based on 1940 decennial census) — Continued 

CITIES WITH 2,500 TO 10,000 INHABITANTS— Continued 



City 



Seneca Falls, N . Y 

Silver Creek, N. Y 

Sloan, N. Y 

Solvay.N. Y 

Southampton, N. Y 

Spring Valley, N. Y 

Springville, N. Y 

Suffern, N. Y 

Tarry town, N. Y 

Ticonderoga, N. Y 

Tuckahoe, N. Y 

Tupper Lake, N. Y 

Walden, N. Y 

Walton, N. Y . 
Wappingers Falls, N. Y- 

Warsaw, N. Y 

Waterford, N. Y 

Waterloo, N. Y... 

Waverlv, N. Y 

Wellsville, N. Y 

Westfleld, N. Y 

West Haverstraw, N. Y . 
Whitehall, N. Y . 

Whitesboro, N. Y 

Yorkville, N. Y 

Albemarle, N. C 

Asheboro, N. C 

Belmont, N. C ... 
Bessemer C-itv, N. C__ . 

Canton, N. C 

Chapel Hill, N. C— 

Dunn, N. C - 

Fdenton, N. C 

Forest City, N. C 

Ilendersonville, N. C 

Lenoir, N. C 

Lincolnton, N. C 

Lumberton, N. C 

Morganton, N. C 

Mount Airy, N. C 

North Wilkesboro, N. C 
Roanoke Rapids, N. C.- 
Rockingham, N. C 

Roxboro, N. C 

Sanford, N. C 

Smithfield, N. C 

Southern Pines, N. C__. 

Spindale, N. C_ 

Tarboro, N. C 
Washington, N. C 
Devils Lake, N. Dak... 
Dickinson, N. Dak . 

Jamestown, N. Dak 

Mandan, N. Dak.. 
Valley City, N. Dak. _. 

Wahpeton, N. Dak 

Williston, N.Dak 

Amherst, Ohio . 

Barnesville, Ohio 

Bedford, Ohio 

Bellefontaine, Ohio... 

Belle vue, Ohio 

Berea, Ohio 

Be.xley, Ohio 

Bridgeport, Ohio 

Bryan, Ohio 

Bucyrus, Ohio 

Carey, Ohio 

Celina, Ohio 

( Ihagrin Falls, Ohio 

Cheviot, Ohio 

Circleville, Ohio.. 
Clyde, Ohio 
Conneaut, Ohio 
Crestline, Ohio 
Crooksville, Ohio 
Deer Park, Ohio 



Number 

of em- 
ployees 



Number 

per 1,0(10 
inhabit- 
ants 



0.93 

1.63 

I. 01 

1.71 
1.83 
1.39 
1.40 
2.65 
2.47 

2. or. 

2.44 
.73 

1. 17 
.81 

1.46 
.84 

2.07 
.75 
.73 
.84 

1. 16 

3. 16 
.62 
.28 
.30 

1.72 

1.00 

1.84 

.56 

1.39 

1.64 

.95 

.78 

.99 

1.49 

]. is 

. 88 

]. 21 

.91 

1.43 

1. 12 

.94 

1.09 

.65 

1.21 

1.09 

.93 

.51 

.84 

.93 

.81 

.51 

.80 

.60 

1.01 

.80 

.69 

1.73 

1.00 

.54 

.51 

1. 14 

1.00 

1. 15 

1.03 

. 56 

. 72 

i'oi 

.41 

I. (HI 

. 88 
.88 

I. 26 
.53 

1.3S 

35 

.85 



City 



Defiance, Ohio . 

Delaware, Ohio . 

Delphos, Ohio 

Dennison, Ohio 

Dover, Ohio 

East Palestine, Ohio 

Eaton, Ohio 

Elmwood Place, Ohio 

Fairport, Ohio 

Fairview, Ohio . 

Franklin, Ohio 

Oalion, Ohio . 

Oallipolis, Ohio 

Geneva, Ohio 

Oirard, Ohio 

Glouster, Ohio 

Grandview Heights, Ohic 

Greenville, Ohio 

Hillsboro, Ohio 

Hubbard, Ohio 

Jackson, Ohio 

Kent, Ohio 

Kenton, Ohio 

Lebanon, Ohio 

Lisbon, Ohio 

Lockland, Ohio 

Logan, Ohio 

London, Ohio 

Louisville, Ohio _ 

Maple Heights, Ohio 

Marysville, Ohio. 

Maumee, Ohio 

Mayfield Heights, Ohio 

Medina, Ohio 

M iamisburg, Ohio 

Middleport, Ohio 

Minerva, Ohio 

Mingo Junction, Ohio 

Montpelier, Ohio 

Mount Healthy, Ohio 

New Boston, Ohio 

Newburgh Heights, Ohio 

New Lexington, Ohio 

Newton Falls, Ohio 

North Canton, Ohio 

North College Hill, Ohio 

Norwalk, Ohio... . 

Oak wood, Ohio 

Oberlin, Ohio 

Orrville, Ohio 

Oxford, Ohio 

Perrysburg, Ohio 

Pomeroy, Ohio 

Port Clinton, Ohio 

Ravenna, Ohio ... 

Reading, Ohio 

Rittman, Ohio 

Rocky River, Ohio 

St. Bernard, Ohio 

St. Marys, Ohio.. 

Sebring, Ohio 

Shadyside, Ohio 

Shelby, Ohio 

Sidney, Ohio 

South Euclid, Ohio.. 

Tippecanoe City, Ohio 

Toronto, Ohio 

Troy, Ohio 

I'hriehsville, Ohio... 
Upper Arlington, Ohio...... 

CJrbana, Ohio 

Van Wert, Ohio 

Wadsworth, Ohio 

Wapakoneta, Ohio . 

Washington Court House, 

Ohio 

Wellston, Ohio 



Number 

of em- 
ployees 



Number 
per 1,000 
inhabit- 
ants 



115 



Table 53. — Number of police-department employees, 1940; cities with population 
from 2,500 to 25,000 (based on 1940 decennial census) — Continued 

CITIES WITH 2,500 TO 10,000 INHABITANTS— Continued 



City 



WellsviUe, Ohio . 
Westerville, Ohio 
AVilloughby, Ohio., 
Wilmington, Ohio 

Wyoming, Ohio 

Altus. Okla 

Alva, Okla... 

Black well, Okla 

Bristow, Okla 

Chandler, Okla . 

Claremore, Okla 

Clinton, Okla 

Cordell, Okla 

Cushing, Okla 

Drumright, Okla 

Duncan, Okla 

Edmond, Okla...... 

Elk City, Okla 

Frederick, Okla 

Henrvetta, Okla 

nobart, Okla... 

Holdenville, Okla... 

Hollis, Okla 

Hugo, Okla 

Kingfisher, Okla 

Marlow, Okla.. 

Miami, Okla 

Nowata, Okla 

Pawhuska, Okla 

Pawnee, Okla 

Perrv, Okla 

Purcell, Okla 

Sand Springs, Okla. 

Tonkawa, Okla 

Wagoner, Okla 

Albany, Oreg 

Ashland, Orcg 

Baker, Oreg 

Burns, Oreg 

Corvallis, Oreg 

Dallas, Oreg 

Grants Pass, Oreg.. 

Hillsboro, Oreg 

Hood River, Oreg.. 
La Grande, Oreg... 
McMinnville, Oreg. 
Marshfield, Oreg. .. 
Oregon City, Oreg.. 

Pendleton, Oreg 

Roseburg, Oreg 

St. Helens, Oreg .. 
The Dalles, Oreg.. 

Ambler, Pa 

Apollo, Pa 

Archbald, Pa 

Ashley, Pa 

Aspinwall, Pa 

Avalon, Pa 

Avoca, Pa 

Bangor, Pa 

Barnesboro, Pa 

Beaver, Pa. 

Bedford, Pa 

Bellefonte, Pa 

Bellwood, Pa 

Bentleyville, Pa... 

Birdsboro, Pa 

Blairsville, Pa 

Bloomsburg, Pa 

Boyertown, Pa 

Brackenridge, Pa... 

Brentwood, Pa 

Bridgeport, Pa 

Brockway, Pa 

Brookville, Pa. 

Brownsville, Pa 

Burnham, Pa 



Number 
of em- 
ployees 



Number 
per 1,000 
inhabit- 
ants 



0.39 
.64 
1.37 
1.00 

2. 69 

. 93 

.59 

1.29 

.83 

1. 10 

1.45 

. 71 

1.08 

.91 

.46 

1. 19 

1.00 

.GO 

.78 

.87 

.58 

.75 

1. 10 

51 

1.49 

1.03 

. 96 

. 77 

1.29 

1.46 

.79 

1.28 

.49 

1. 56 

. 57 

.88 

1.05 

.75 

1.17 

.71 

1.12 

.83 

.80 

1 . 52 

1.03 

.81 

1.14 

1.14 

.57 

.61 

.46 

1.28 

1.01 

.31 

. I'll) 

.63 

1.06 

1.95 

1.05 

.53 

1.04 

1.77 

.01 

.57 

1.08 

. 29 

.91 

.80 

1.63 

1.51 

.47 

1.19 

.68 

.37 

.68 

1.00 

.33 



City 



Camp Hill, Pa 

Castle Shannon, Pa 

Catasauqua, Pa. . 

Clarks Summit, Pa 

Clearfield, Pa... 

Clifton Heights, Pa 

Clymer.Pa 

Coaldale.Pa 

Collingdale, Pa... 

Coplay, Pa 

Corry, Pa 

Crafton, Pa .. 

Curwensville, I'a 

Dale, Pa 

Dallastown, Pa 

Danville, Pa 

Derry, Pa 

Downington, Pa 

Dupont, Pa._ 

Duryea, Pa 

East Conemaugh, Pa 

East Lansdowne, Pa 

East McKeesport, Pa... 
East Mauch Chunk, Pa. 

East Pittsburgh, Pa 

East Stroudsburg, Pa. _ _ 

Ebensburg, Pa 

Edwardsville, Pa 

Elizabeth, Pa 

Elizabethtown, Pa 

Emmaus, Pa 

Emporium, Pa 

Etna, Pa. 

Exeter, Pa 

Ford Citv.Pa 

Forest Citv, Pa - - 

Forest Hills, Pa 

Forty Fort, Pa 

Fountain Hill, Pa.. . 

Franklin, Pa 

Freedom, Pa 

Freeport, Pa 

Gallitzin, Pa. 

Gettysburg, Pa 

Glassport, Pa 

Glenolden, Pa 

Greenville, Pa. 

Grove City, Pa 

Hamburg, Pa 

Hatboro, Pa 

Hellertown, Pa... 
Hollidaysburg, Fa. . . 

Honesdale, Pa 

Huntingdon, I'a 

Ingram, Pa 

Irwin, Pa 

Jenkintown, Pa 

Jermyn, Pa 

Jersey Shore, Pa 

Kane, Pa 

Kennett Square, Pa 

Kitt.anning, Pa 

Kutztown, Pa 

Lansdale, Pa 

Lansford, Pa 

Larksville, Pa 

Lemoyne, Pa 

Lititz, Pa 

.Luzerne, Pa 

McAdoo, Pa 

McDonald, Pa 

Marcus Hook, Pa 

Masontown, Pa 

Mauch Chunk, Pa 

Mayfield, Pa 

Mechanicsburg, Pa 

Media, Pa 



Number 


Number 

per 1,000 




inhabit- 


ployees 


ants 


3 


0.83 


l 


. 25 


5 


1.05 


1 


.37 


2 


.21 


5 


1.02 


o 


.65 


2 


.32 


6 


.74 


5 


1.61 


7 


1.01 


9 


1.26 


2 


.58 


2 


.61 


1 


.34 


3 


.42 


3 


1.00 


4 


.76 


4 


.48 


5 


1 04 


3 


.90 


5 


1.65 


11 


1.81 


5 


.78 


3 


.81 


17 


2. 13 


2 


.67 


15 


2. 23 


2 


.53 


7 


.97 


5 


.86 


3 


.52 


3 


.70 


6 


1.14 


5 


.79 


4 


.83 


10 


1.01 


2 


.62 


2 


.74 


2 


.55 


3 


.51 


8 


.91 


5 


1.04 


5 


.61 


4 


.64 


3 


.81 


3 


1.15 


3 


.74 


4 


.68 


5 


.88 


2 


.28 


8 


2. or, 


3 


.87 


11 


2. IS 


1 


.31 


1 


IS 


5 


.82 


2 


.59 


6 


.79 


4 


1.35 


5 


.54 


2 


.23 


9 


1.06 


2 


.46 


4 


.83 


6 


.85 


4 


.78 


2 


.57 


6 


1.46 


9 


.54 


9 


. 66 


4 


1.26 


5 


.88 


6 


1 1.12 



116 



Table 53. — Number of police-department employees, 1940; cities with population 
from 2,500 to 25,000 (based on 1940 decennial census) — Continued 

CITIES WITH 2,500 TO 10,000 INHABITANTS— Continued 



City 



Meyersdale, Pa 

Middletown, Pa 

Midland, Pa 

Millvale, Pa 

Milton, Pa 

Minersville, Pa 

Monaca, Pa 

Monongahela City, Pa_ . _ 

Montoursville, Pa - 

Mount Joy, Pa 

Mount Perm, Pa 

Mount Pleasant, Pa 

Mount Union, Pa 

Myerstown, Pa 

Nanty Glo, Pa 

Nazareth, Pa 

New Cumberland, Pa 
Northampton, Pa... 
North Belle vernon. Pa. . _ 

North Charleroi, Pa 

North East, Pa 

Northumberland, Pa 

Norwood, Pa 

Oakmont, Pa 

Olyphant, Pa 

Palmerton, Pa 

Palmvra, Pa 

Patton, Pa 

Pen Argyl, Pa 

Philipsburg, Pa 

Port Carbon, Pa 

Port Vue, Pa 

Prospect Park, Pa 

Punxsutawney, Pa 

Quakertown, Pa 

Rankin, Pa 

Renova, Pa 

Reynoldsville, Pa 

Ridgway.Pa ..-.. 

Roaring Spring, Pa 

Rochester, Pa 

Royersford, Pa 

St. Clair, Pa 

St. Marys, Pa 

Schuvlkill Haven, Pa 

Scottdale, Pa 

Sharpsburg, Pa 

Sharpsville, Pa 

Shillington, Pa 

Shippensburg, Pa 

Slatington, Pa 

Somerset, Pa 

South Connellsville, Pa 

South Fork, Pa 

South Oreensburg, Pa 

Southwest Greensburg, Pa_ . 

Spanglcr, Pa 

Spring City, Pa 

Springdale, Pa 

State College, Pa 

Stroudsburg, Pa 

Sugar Notch, Pa 

Summit Hill, Pa 

S warthmore, Pa 

S woyerville, Pa 

Tarentum, Pa 

Taylor, Pa 

Towanda, Pa 

Trafford, Pa 

Turtle Creek, Pa 

Tyrone, Pa .-- 

Verona, Pa 

Waynesburg, Pa 

Weatherly, Pa 

Wesleyville, Pa 

West Homestead, Pa 

Westmont, Pa_ 



Number 
of em- 
ployees 



Number 
per 1,000 
inhabit- 
ants 



0.62 
.57 
1.10 
.90 
.36 
1.04 
.42 
.45 
.33 
.35 
1.09 
.52 
.63 
.74 
.32 
.70 
.22 
.42 
.66 
.37 
.81 
.45 
1.28 
.96 
.97 
.54 
.38 
.32 
.74 
.76 
1.22 
.28 
2.55 
.74 
.78 
1.61 
.79 
.54 
.32 
.37 
1.08 
.28 
.59 
.39 
.61 
.46 
1.10 
.97 
.61 
.57 
1.48 
.74 
.76 
.33 
.76 
1.00 
.31 
.33 
.80 
.80 
.65 
.80 
.92 
1.72 
1.41 
.71 
.78 
.72 
.75 
1.43 
.57 
.92 
1.02 
.73 
.69 
3.97 
1.07 



West Newton, Pa 

West Pittston, Pa 

West Reading, Pa 

West View, Pa 

West Wyoming, Pa_ . . 

West York, Pa 

Windber, Pa 

Wyoming, Pa 

Wyomissing, Pa 

Yeadon, Pa 

Youngwood, Pa 

Barrington, R. I 

Burrillville, R. I—. 
East Greenwich, R. I 

Warren, R.I 

Abbeville, S. C 

Aiken, S. C 

Batesburg, S. C 

Clinton, S. C 

Darlington, S. C 

Dillon, S. C 

Eau Claire, S. C 

Gaffney, S. C 

Georgetown, S. C 

Hartsville, S. C 

Kinestree, S. C 

Lancaster, S. C 

Newberry, S. C 

Summerville, S. C 

Union, S. C 

Brookings, S. Dak 

Canton, S. Dak 

Dead wood, S. Dak__. 
Hot Springs, S. Dak._ 

Lead, S. Dak 

Mobridge, S. Dak 

Pierre, S. Dak 

Sisseton, S. Dak _ 

Vermillion, S. Dak__- 

Yankton, S. Dak 

Alcoa, Tenn 

Athens, Tenn 

Brownsville, Tenn_ _ . 

Cookeville, Tenn 

Elizabethton, Tenn_ _ 

Erwin, Tenn 

Fayette ville, Tenn. . . 

Greene ville, Tenn 

La Follette, Tenn 

Lenoir City, Tenn 

Lewisburg, Tenn 

McMinn ville, Tenn__ 

Morristown, Term 

Paris, Tenn 

Pulaski, Tenn 

Tullahoma, Tenn 

Union City, Tenn 

Alpine, Tex 

Arlington, Tex 

Athens, Tex 

Bonham, Tex 

Bowie, Tex 

Breckenridge, Tex 

Burkburnett, Tex 

Cisco, Tex 

Coleman, Tex 

Commerce, Tex _ 

Dalhart, Tex 

Eastland, Tex 

Electra, Tex 

Floydada, Tex. ..... 

Fort Stockton, Tex... 

Gainesville, Tex 

Jacksonville, Tex 

Kerrville, Tex 

Kingsville, Tex 

Lampasas, Tex 



Number 
of em- 
ployees 



Number 
per 1,000 
inhabit- 
ants 



117 



Table 53. — Number of 'police-department employees, 19/,0; cities with population 

from 2,500 to 25,000 (based on 1940 decennial census) — Continued 

CITIES WITII 2,500 TO 10,000 INHABITANTS— Continued 



City 


Number 
of em- 
ployees 


Number 
per 1,000 
inhabit- 
ants 


City 


Number 
of em- 
ployees 


Number 

per 1,(1(10 

inhabit- 
ants 


Lufkin, Tex 


5 
1 
14 
2 
3 
3 
2 

2 

17 
1 
2 
9 

2 
2 
3 
2 

4 
4 
5 
6 
4 
2 
2 
5 
3 
2 
3 
2 
4 
4 
3 
3 
4 
2 
3 
3 
8 
11 
14 
12 
9 
3 
10 

5 
3 
3 
2 
4 
3 
4 
6 
4 
3 
9 
11 
13 
5 
3 
5 
6 
8 
9 
6 
12 
8 
5 
4 
3 
3 
8 
5 
3 
4 
2 


l). 52 

. 3'.) 

1.64 

.31 

.78 

.47 

.62 

1. 11 

.57 

2.28 

.37 

.42 

1.09 

1.54 

.29 

.35 

.50 

.60 

.83 

.59 

.75 

1.01 

.58 

.60 

.60 

.89 

.64 

.73 

1.06 

.73 

1.39 

.70 

1.06 

.80 

.77 

.56 

.72 

.63 

1.89 

1.44 

1.45 

1.50 

1.84 

.37 

1.34 

1.35 

2.28 

1.47 

.50 

.95 

.69 

1.33 

.69 

.92 

.95 

1.15 

.94 

1.53 

1.25 

1.50 

1.28 

.75 

1.43 

.86 

1.39 

1.12 

1.74 

4.62 

1.09 

1.27 

.68 

.71 

.68 

1.08 

1.03 

.96 

1.40 

.66 


Ellensburg, Wash.. 


5 
8 
4 
3 

10 
3 
4 
6 
3 
6 
3 
3 
4 

4 
3 

16 
6 
5 
4 
5 
6 
2 
2 
8 
3 
3 
1 
8 
5 

10 
8 
4 
5 
5 
5 
4 
3 
5 
4 
2 
6 
2 
2 
4 
6 
9 

5 
3 
4 
4 

4 
4 
8 
4 
6 
6 
3 
6 
3 
4 
4 
4 
4 
8 
4 
6 
10 
13 
5 
4 
2 
5 
4 
7 


84 


McCamey, Tex 


Kelso, Wash 


1. 19 


McKinney, Tex ._ 
Marlin, Tex 


Mount Vernon, Wash 
Port Angeles, Wash 


.94 

77 


Memphis, Tex 


1 06 


Mexia, Tex... 
Mineola, Tex 


Port Townsend, Wash 
Pullman, Wash. 


.64 

91 


Mineral Wells, Tex... 


Puvallup, Wash 


76 


Olnev, Tex . 




74 


Oranee, Tex 


Renton, Wash 
Sedro Woolev, Wash 
Shelton, Wash 
Snohomish, Wash 


1 31 


Paducah, Tex . 

Pharr, Tex 

Plainview, Tex 


1.02 

.81 
1 43 


Ranger, Tex 


Toppenish, Wash 


1.36 


Kobstown, Tex 


Benwood, W. Va 


1 !>4 


Rusk, Tex... 


Buckhannon, W. Va 
Dunbar, W. Va 


'10 




57 


Seymour, Tex 

Stamford, Tex 

Sulphur Springs, Tex. 
Uvalde, Tex ... 


Elkins, W. Va . 
Grafton, W. Va. . 
Hinton, W. Va 
Kenova, W. Va.. 


1.97 

.SI 
.86 
1.03 


Weatherford, Tex . 


Keyser, W. Va.. 


.81 


Weslaco, Tex. . 


Logan, W. Va 
McMechen, W. Va 
Mannington, W. Va. 
Princeton, W. Va 
St. Albans, W. Va. 
Salem, W. Va.... 


1 16 


American Fork, Utah. 
Bountiful, Utah. ... 


.54 
64 


Brigham, Utah 

Cedar Citv, Utah... 
Heber, Utah 


1.08 
.84 
1. 17 


Helper, Utah. _ . . 


Sisterville, W. Va 
Welch, W. Va. 


.37 


Lehi, Utah 


1.28 


Midvale, Utah.. . 


Weston, W. Va. 


.60 


Murray, Utah 


Williamson, W. Va. 
Antigo, Wis 


1.20 


Nephi, Utah 


.84 


Park Citv, Utah.. 


Berlin, Wis 


.94 


Price, Utah.. . 


Burlington, Wis 
Clintonville, Wis 


1 13 


Richfield, Utah... 


1.21 


Spanish Fork, Utah.. 


Columbus, Wis... 


1.81 


Springville, Utah.. 


Delavan, Wis 


1.16 


Bellows Falls, Vt... 


Edgarton, Wis.. 


.92 


Bennington, Vt 


Fort Atkinson, Wis. 


.81 


Brattleboro, Vt... 


Hartford, Wis 


1.02 


Montpelier, Vt 
Newport, Vt 


Jefferson, Wis 

Kaukauna, Wis.. 
Ladvsmith, Wis.. 
Little Chute, Wis 
Mavville, Wis 


.65 

.81 


St. Albans, Vt.. 

St. Johnsburv, Vt ... 
Springfield, Vt.. 


.54 
.60 
1.45 


Waterbury, Vt 


Menomonie, Wis... 
Merrill, Wis. . 


.91 


Windsor, Vt 


1.03 


Winooski, Vt. 


Monroe, Wis.. 


1.13 


Abingdon, Va 

Altavista, Va .. 


Oconomowoc, Wis 
Oconto, Wis 


1.10 
.56 


Appalachia, Va 


Park Falls, Wis... 


1.23 


Big Stone Gap, Va.. 
Buena Vista, Va 


Plymouth, Wis 

Portage, Wis 

Port Washington, Wis 
Reedsburg, Wis. _ 
Rhinelander, Wis. . 
Richland Center, Wis 
Ripon, Wis 


.96 
1.00 


Covineton, Va 


.99 


Franklin, Va 


1. 11 


Galax, Va . 


.94 


Hampton, Va 


.92 


Harrisonburg, Va... 


1.31 


Hopewell, Va. _. 




1.08 


Lexington, Va 


Sheboygan Falls, Wis 


.88 


Norton, Va 


1.03 


Phoebus, Va 


Stoughton, Wis. 

Sturgeon Bay, Wis... 

Tomah, Wis 

Tomahawk, Wis 


.63 


Radford, Va 


.74 


Salem, Va 


1.05 


South Norfolk, Va. 


1.19 


Vinton, Va... _ . 




1. 13 


Virginia Beach, Va 


Waupaca, Wis 


2 31 


Waynesboro, Va 


Waupun, Wis.. __ 

West Bend, Wis 

West Milwaukee, Wis 

Whitefish Bav, Wis 

Whitewater, Wis 

Evanston, Wvo 

Green River, Wyo 


.59 


Williamsburg, Va 


1. 10 


Anacortes, Wash... ._ ... 


2.00 


Auburn, Wash 


1 . 35 


Camas, Wash 


1. 36 


Centralia, Wash 


1. 11 


Chehalis, Wash 


.76 


Clarkston, Wash 


.90 


Colfax, Wash . .. 


Riverton, Wyo 

Rock Springs, Wyo 


1 . 57 


Dayton, Wash 


.71 



DATA COMPILED FROM FINGERPRINT RECORDS 

Source of Data. 

The information concerning the age, sex, race, and previous crim- 
inal history presented in the tabulations which follow was made avail- 
able through the examination of 313,204 arrest records, as evidenced 
by fingerprint cards, received in the FBI during the first 6 months 
of 1 941 . The recording of data for inclusion in the tables was limited 
to instances of arrests for violation of State laws and municipal ordi- 
nances. In other words, fingerprint cards representing arrests for 
violations of Federal laws or representing commitments to any type 
of penal institution have been excluded from this tabulation. 

The number of fingerprint records examined was somewhat larger 
than the number for the first half of 1940, which was 298,423. The 
increase in the number of arrest records examined should not neces- 
sarily be construed as reflecting an increase in the amount of crime, 
nor as an increase in the number of persons arrested, since it quite 
probably is at least partially the result of an increased tendency on 
the part of local agencies to contribute fingerprint records to the Iden- 
tification Division of the FBI. The data compiled from fingerprint 
records obviously does not include all persons arrested, since there 
are individuals taken into custody for whom no fingerprint cards are 
forwarded to Washington. Furthermore, data pertaining to persons 
a nested should not be treated as information regarding the number 
of offenses committed, since two or more persons may be involved in 
the joint commission of a single offense, and on the other hand, one 
person may be arrested and charged with the commission of several 
separate crimes. 

Offense Charged. 

Although a substantial number of the persons represented in the 
following tabulation were arrested and charged with comparatively 

(118) 



119 

minor violations, it should be noted that more than 37 percent (117,- 
640) of the records examined during the first 6 months of 1941 repre- 
sented arrests for major violations as follows: 

Criminal homicide 3, 17!) 

Robbery - 6 . 052 

Assault 18,004 

Burglary 15,914 

Larceny (except auto theft) 29, 663 

Autotheft 6 - 7-">7 

Embezzlement and fraud 8, 063 

St olen property (receiving, etc.) 1, 660 

Arson °3' 

Forgerv and counterfeiting 3, 574 

Rape.." 2,934 

Narcotic drug laws 1, 801 

Weapons (earning, etc.) 2, 970 

Driving Avhile intoxicated 16, 532 

Total 117,640 

Persons charged with murder, jobbery, assault, burglary, larceny, 
or auto theft numbered 79,569, which represents 25 percent of the 
total arrest records examined. 

Sex. 

Excluding persons charged with prostitution and commercialized 
vice, males arrested outnumbered females for all types of crime. 
However, during the first half of 1941, 9.1 percent (28,450) of the 
records represented women. This is an increase over the correspond- 
ing period of 1940 when the percentage of women was 8.2. 

The number of women arrested and fingerprinted during the first 
half of 1941 was 28,450 as compared with 24,362 in the first 6 months of 
1940. This is an increase of 4,088 or 16.8 percent. For criminal 
homicide the figure increased from 309 in 1940 to 362 in 1941, an 
increase of 17.2 percent. Corresponding percentage increases in 
other crime classes were as follows: Assault, 22.4; burglary, 20.3; 
auto theft, 19.4; forgery and counterfeiting, 17.0; sex offenses other 
than rape, 15.7; driving while intoxicated, 38.3; disorderly conduct, 
28.3; drunkenness, 35.4; and vagrancy, 27.8. It should be noted 
that these figures are limited to persons fingerprinted and therefore 
are not necessarily representative of the trends which would be 
reflected if data were available concerning the number of women 
arrested who were not fingerprinted. 

The increase in the number of women arrested as indicated in the 
preceding paragraph is possibly significant, because in most crime 
classes the increase shown in arrests of women is either contrary to 
the trend shown in the arrest figures for men, or the increase in the 
number of women arrested is much more pronounced than in the 
case of men. To illustrate, female arrests for burglary increased 



120 

20.3 percent, whereas male arrests for this classification decreased 
14.7 percent. In the homicide classification, while female arrests 
increased 17.2 percent, male arrests increased only 2.6 percent. The 
main exception to the contrasting trends in the number of arrests for 
males and females is seen in the figures for drunkenness; here female 
arrests increased 35.4 percent and male arrests increased 33.3 percent. 

Table 54.— Distribution of arrests by sex, Jan. 1-Jnne 30, 1941 



Offense charged 



Criminal homicide — 

Robbery 

Assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Auto theft - 

Embezzlement and fraud 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, etc_ 
Arson - 



Forgery and counterfeiting 

Rape 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Other sex offenses 

Narcotic drug laws 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Offenses against family and children . . 

Liquor laws 

Driving while intoxicated 

Road and driving laws 

Parking violations — 

Other traffic and motor vehicle laws 

Disorderly conduct 

Drunkenness 

Vagrancy 

Gambling 

Suspicion 

Not stated 

All other offenses 



Number 



Total Male Female 



Total 313,204 



179 

052 
004 

914 
663 
757 
063 
660 
537 
574 
934 
sis 
152 
801 
970 
537 
309 
532 
356 

29 
262 
3SC 

III!) 
067 
,789 
, 586 
095 
. 0(19 



2,817 

5,747 

16, 359 

15, 558 

26, 964 

6,640 

7, 565 

1,518 

494 

3,326 

2,934 

1,240 

4,317 

955 

2, 854 

4, 394 

4,363 

16, 059 

3,290 

28 

5,132 

14, 234 
65, 684 
23, 202 

6,410 

25, 208 

1,860 

15, 602 



284, 754 



362 
305 

1,645 
356 

2,699 
117 
498 
142 
43 
248 



Percent 



Total Male Female 



3,578 

835 

846 

116 

143 

946 

473 

66 

1 

130 

2,152 

4,425 

2, 865 

379 

3,378 

235 

1,467 



28, 450 



1.0 

1.9 

5.8 

5. 1 

9.5 

2.2 

2.6 

.5 

.2 

1. 1 

.9 

1.5 

1.6 

.6 

.9 

1.4 

1.7 

5.3 

1. 1 

(') 

1.7 

5.2 

22.4 

8.3 

2.2 

9.1 

.7 

5.5 



100. 



1.0 
2.0 
5.7 
5.5 
9.5 
2.3 
2.7 

.5 

.2 
1.2 
1.0 

.4 
1.5 

.3 
1.0 
1.5 
1.5 
5.6 
1.2 
(') 
1.8 
5.0 
23. 1 
8.1 
2.3 
8.9 

.7 
5.5 



1.3 

1. 1 

5.8 

1.2 

9.5 

.4 

1.7 

.5 

.1 

.9 



12.6 
2.9 
3.0 

.4 

.5 

3.3 

1.7 

.2 

(') 

.5 

7.6 

15.5 

10. 1 

1.3 

11.9 

.8 

5.2 



' Less than Mo of 1 percent. 



121 

Age. 

In examining the arrest records received during the first half of 1941 
it was observed that age 19 predominated in the frequency of arrests 
and this age group was followed by ages 21 and 18, respectively. 
During the first half of 1940 arrests for age 18 were less frequent than 
for ages 22-23. 

During 5 of the past 9 years age 19 has predominated in the frequency 
of arrests, 1932-34 and 1939-40, as well as the first half of 1941. 
Arrests for ages 21, 22, and 23 exceeded arrests for age 19 during 
1935-38. 

The following tabulation sets forth figures for the groups in which 
the largest number of arrests occurred during the first half of 1941: 

Age: Number of arrests 

19 12, 409 

21 11, 833 

18 11, 789 

20 11,380 

22 11,026 

During the first 6 months of 1941 persons less than 21 years old 
arrested totaled 53,761 which was 17.2 percent of the total arrest 
records examined. In addition, there were 43,977 (14.0 percent) 
within the ages of 21-24, and 48,717 (15.6 percent) arrested within 
the ages of 25-29, making a total of 146,455 (46.8 percent) less 
than 30 years of age. (With reference to the ages of persons repre- 
sented by fingerprint cards received at the FBI, it should be borne 
in mind that the number of arrest records is doubtless incomplete in 
the lower age groups because in some jurisdictions the practice is not 
to fingerprint youthful individuals.) 



122 



os cm rt< ^ co n co on 

" - >0 O <— ' CO »C CO 



-CO ^-t «o © 



HOO'^Of-O CDiO>0 05 00 — i 00 OS tO CO ^O CO 
CO"co"g©'*0 OSCO*00~ rH CON Tp" »C — 



_ 4 CO OS h- OS CO i . _ 

co sco»oiM co x © — x x os co 



MCCHONiOOO 

id o o co" co" go' cm" r> 



:c /. C «r. C -t I- C C Oj CC' CNi 1 
- x ci ■- ?. t o os x co co * o- 
co »0 CO CO as -— ' CN ~^ — — — ' 



-r ■ - -f w -h wwoocftCNHQ 



— y CO OS CO 
co i- x — • 



I OXOQO'O'^"- 00 CO CO ^ »0 CN 1- r-i OS CO OS 



_> — t-- co ~ i ~ • 

CI — — > CO CM I 



CM -t<os -^ 

^HCCH .-t CO -f "f i-* 



os co x os os x co -r 
_ it--r^cot--xcsco 

^h* ci CO" r-7 —i* 



COCIOSCO©00*f© 
© -+• I- CO' -- — t> -f 
CM O t- I- CO — — os 



00 r-- cm co co co i> o co ■* cm o r» ci co 

1 - CI X OS CO CO OS CO CO Tt< I- O CO X *-< 



CMNiC»OOi- 



C© CO CO OS »0 OOOSrfO^a-i 

co t-- co co X ci co -r 



(N "f OIMIN CO CO CO iO 00 CM CM i 

cm* — " o ci ci i-h 



s 



. , CJ 



i— t CO OS CI CO 
CO -e*H CO OS t- CI CM 
of CI r-" 



T- CO "0 CO T CO OS OOO 

.— t rf<H ^O O CI 



■ X OS h- OS CI CO t- ^ 



O OS O0 CI »C X -* >C 

C O "* o; t^ «o •* 00 
-^©>OCM©^hCMC© 

7 i — " CO* t-4 co" r4 



0«NHHtf>H 

r o. ri — ~ — ■ 



J CO CO co ^oo 
o CO CO O © <— < "* 



CO' OONOS" 



u~ © OS -t* CN ■■* CI CI iO CO GO t~- CI 



coouo^^o-'-rxos 

OS iO X CO I- OS CO CO 
CO CI CO CI .— CO CN CO' 



Ct © CO .-i CO 



i<0 CO CI — © CO 

. co i~ -r r oi -r 

) i— i iO CM CM CO CO 

r-i co" ci tjT ^h" 



NXWO X — I - 



^ O 00 00 CO b- 

•--: io co -^ o 



t-*. CO CI «o 



CO X I - T I - CO C . 

©cococc^-xco»o 
i-i* CN od co" r 



o >o h n io r— ci 

*h CI N O O (N CS 






)COHC4H MXXShON-- 
) CO t^ Q0 r- OS — co o CO I- X 

iHTff-i CM iO *rr (-- CM © 'C 



lOiOOOOO-f O COCOCIOS 



r-n co r- co o ci ci 



x-^co io ■— « -^ co xcio 



i-iciosos^h locococoosxor- 
© r» -f i- x t* os j - co co i - — 

NriTj<H CM CO CO X -— • — • CO 



-^ © OS- GO 00 ^ CO l^COI"-OS NiCrt 
?i co X lo r- os co ^~ CiO-r -r © "■ 



-- CO CO CO — " tN CM 



i-H CO CM w 



CO *0 »0 CO CM ^HuOCOTfCOCOCliO 

co co co x ni-:ionn I- t^ 

^H ,_I ^ ,_, N©WQHH CO 



OON , J (H ^ N 



O CM iO 00 



.-< i-t CM CM 



CI ^OOIOh TfiO^OCCO«H 
iO i—i X CO CM "* iO CO CO iC OS t> «0 

— < r- .— i CO CN CO CO CO OS i— i CO !>• 



(M ,H ^ -H N "I- ^H 

1 CO CO CO ' ~ C I X' CO — i -t- X 



■ OS CO CI CM CM CO X N O CO 
D CI OS Cl I- X 



X CO os r- X OS »o CO CM ^f -^ OS N r^ *o -^ OS CM cm 

— / ■" I CO >— i -O -^ 00 '— ' CO -^ t— ( OS O CM I— CM O OS 
>— i tP CO C* OS t- i— I i— I CM. i— i •— i r-t i— i CN i-H 



xioxcor--coco o^ococo o•*t , ■ , * | "0 ^i-iooi 

[ - t - CO CI © t - CO t-ri^X MX 1 * CO CMOS©^ 



— i - co co t - x r- ^r cm oo os 

-^ co co x © <— i "0 tfc> >— i r ~ os 

CM CM CO X X 



1^ —i X OS C) 

CO i—i CO CO »c 



O X) N »0 O CI 'X r- "O -ct 4 CI 

ci — -r co — co ci ci •— < co co 



N OS CO i-i 



-f CM --H --H 



XCI©l'-CO-^OS ©T^©CO h«h o 'COt-hCI 

Tf ^ iO »C' »0 i— i !— i i— t i-i -—I 



J) IO r-l ,H X N IO OSt"-©» 



CO r-H CO CO CM. 



jt-OSCOCMCIOS HCM^Cl OCCr-i CO TfiOOCOC^ 



I- >> 






5 m 3 S - - 

i <\ W ^ <! H co 






-lb 

1,1 •- 

(m a o 
So I 

° ?'- c ^ -^ m t- ^ ii o 



-*f (M CO CTi CO I - r - ~~ 
HO^C O: 1^ t^ ■* 
CO CO o; o Oi 00 



?i i - cr; ri — co ■ 

CO 'O JO CM ^-< -^ 



^-<accMCM»ocor^'M 

■O iO -h C M N CO TT 



OCNTiOCJCOO 



^ CO ~h CO CO I- O X ! 

'O x i-cicj -rci- 

^H CO >o »o 



PlQOCOrtcONCD 
H CO CN ^ O 



^'OO'OnN'ON 

CO i-h CO ^f CO 



NNcoaoNrHNo 



73 ." 



3 M rt-O 

a c c a 
§ ^ -o > g 

— ' bo g bo<j 



5X2 St 

60 g Jq* 

> O a ? 



123 

A largo proportion of the offenses against property arc commit ted 
by youths less than 21 years old. This is particularly true with refer- 
ence to robberies, burglaries, larcenies, and auto thefts, as indicated 
by the following tabulation: 

Table 56. — Percentage distribution of arrests by age groups 



Age group 


All offenses 


Criminal 
homicide 


Robbery 


Burglary 


Larceny 


Auto theft 


T'nder 21 


17.2 
29. 6 

26.0 

16.7 

10.4 

.1 


12.1 
34.7 
28.0 
15.0 
9.9 
.3 


31.8 
12. o 

18.9 
5.7 
1.5 
. 1 


45.8 

31. 1 

14.8 

5.9 

2.3 

. 1 


32.9 

30. 5 
20.1 

in. »; 

5 7 
.2 


56 9 


21-29 


■"I <) 


30-39 


•1 5 


40-49 


3 








o 






Total 


100.0 


100. 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


1(H) 







During the first 6 months of 1941 there were 72,220 persons of all 
ages arrested for robbery, burglary, larceny, auto theft, embezzlement 
and fraud, forgeiy and counterfeiting, receiving stolen property, and 
arson. The predominance of youthful persons among those charged 
with offenses against property is further indicated by the fact that 
24,312 (38.7 percent) of the persons charged with the foregoing crimes 
were less than 21 years of age. The corresponding percentage for the 
first half of 1940 was 31.9. 

During the first half of 1941, 31.2 percent of all persons arrested 
were less than 25 years of age. However, persons less than 25 years 
old numbered 54.6 of those charged with robbery, 62.8 percent of 
those charged with burglary, 48.9 percent of those charged with lar- 
ceny, and 74.6 percent of those persons charged with auto theft. 
The extent of the participation of youth in the commission of crimes 
against property is further indicated by the fact that more than one- 
half of all crimes against property were committed by persons under 
25 years of age. 



124 



Table 57. — Number and percentage of arrests of persons under 

Jan. 1-June 30, 1941 



25 years of age, 



Offense charged 



Total 

number of 

persons 

arrested 



Number 
under 21 
years of 



Total 
number 
under 25 
years of 



Percentage 

under 21 

years of 

age 



Total per- 
centage 

under 25 
years of 



Criminal homicide 

Robbery 

Assault 

Burglary — breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Auto theft 

Embezzlement and fraud 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, etc 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Rape 

Prostitution and commercialized vice.. 

Other sex offenses 

Narcotic drug laws 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Offenses against family and children.. 

Liquor laws 

Driving while intoxicated 

Road and driving laws 

Parking violations 

Other traffic and motor vehicle laws. .. 

Disorderly conduct 

Drunkenness 

Vagrancy 

Gambling 

Suspicion _ 

Not stated.. 

All other offenses 

Total. 



3,179 

6, 052 

18, 004 

15,914 

29, 663 

6,757 

8,063 

1,660 

537 

3,574 

2, 934 

4,818 

5, 152 

1,801 

2,970 

4,537 

5, 309 

16, 532 

3,356 

29 

5,262 

16,386 

70, 109 

26, 067 

6,789 

28, 586 

2,095 

17,069 



386 

1.926 

2,072 

7,293 

9, 755 

3.842 

558 

318 

82 

538 

803 

386 

763 

206 

512 

209 

420 

631 

599 



1,064 
2,397 
2,775 
4,501 

368 
6, 529 

288 
4. 540 



891 
3,306 
4.877 
9,992 I 
14, 509 
5,041 
1,554 

562 

154 
1, 155 
1,424 
1,648 
1,657 

565 

1, 057 
845 

1,103 

2. 355 
1,368 

5 
2,237 
4,948 
8,240 
8,105 
1,067 
11,334 
585 
7, 154 



313,204 



53, 761 



97, 738 



12.1 

31.8 

11.5 

45.8 

32.9 

56.9 

6.9 

19.2 

15.3 

15.1 

27.4 

8.0 

14.8 

11.4 

17.2 

4.6 

7.9 

3.8 

17.8 



20.2 
14.6 
4.0 
17.3 

5.4 
22.8 
13.7 
26.6 



28.0 
54.6 
27.1 
62.8 
48.9 
74.6 
19.3 
33.9 
28.7 
32.3 
48.5 
34.2 
32.2 
31.4 
35.6 
18.6 
20.8 
14.2 
40.8 
17.2 
42.5 
30.2 
11.8 
31.1 
15.7 
39.6 
27.9 
41.9 



17.2 



31.2 



Criminal Repeaters. 

The figures for the first half of 1941 again indicate the extent of the 
serious problem of the criminal repeat er. The current figures show 
there were 32 persons arrested for criminal homicide whose records 
showed prior convictions of murder or manslaughter. Similarly, the 
following tabulation indicates instances of persons charged with crimes 
during the first six months of 1941 whose criminal histories contained 
prior convictions of the same type of offense: 

Robbery 373 

Burglary 1, 716 

Larceny 2, 976 

Autotheft 357 

Embezzlement and fraud 542 

Forgery and counterfeiting 395 

Rape 48 

Narcotic drug laws 302 

Driving while intoxicated 816 

The compilation generally reflects a tendency on the part of recidi- 
vists to repeat the same type of offense. This is particularly true with 
reference to crimes against property. 

Of the 313,204 arrest records examined during the first six months of 
this year, 49.7 percent represented individuals who already had 
fingerprint cards on file in the Identification Division of the FBI. 



125 

There were, in addition, 3,050 current records bearing notations rela- 
tive to previous criminal activities of persons arrested during the 
fiist half of the year although their fingerprints had not been on file 
prior to 1941. This makes a total of 158,647 persons arrested during 
the first half of 1941 concerning whom there was information on file 
dealing with prior criminal activities and the records showed that 
108,636 of them had been convicted previously of one or more crimes. 
The records of these 108,636 persons revealed a total of 366,680 prior 
convictions. 



Table 58. — Number of cases -in which fingerprint records show one or more prior 
convictions, and the total of prior convictions disclose! by the records, male and 
female, Jan. 1-June SO, 1941 



Offense charged 



Criminal homicide 

Robbery 

Assault 

Burglary — breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft 

Embezzlement and fraud 

stolen property; buying, receiving, etc 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Rape __ 

Prostitution and commercialized vice. 

Other sex offenses 

Narcotic drug laws 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Offenses against family and children _ . 

Liquor laws 

Driving while intoxicated 

Road and driving laws 

Parking violations 

Other traffic and motor vehicle la ws_-. 

D isorderly conduct 

Drunkenness 

Vagrancy 

Gambling 

Suspicion 

Not stated . 

All other offenses 

Total 



Number of 
records show 
ing one or 
more prior 
convictions 



649 
2,457 
5,327 
5,497 
9,598 
2,003 
2,625 

421 

101 
1,407 

718 
1,683 
1,198 

795 

842 
1,016 
1,747 
3,834 

670 
7 
1,299 
5,397 
30, 481 
11,962 
1,445 
9.139 

700 
5,618 



108, 636 



Number of 
prior con- 
victions of 
major of- 
fenses 



812 

4,287 

6, 875 

10, 199 

19,070 

3, 11(1 

4,622 

661 

123 

2, 633 

944 

3,047 

1.522 

2.013 

1. 163 

1,035 

1.344 

3,634 

612 

4 

1,429 

5,298 

22, 123 

12,914 

1,804 

13, 175 

719 

7,210 



132.382 



Number of 
prior con- 
victions of 

minor offenses 



630 

2, 936 

6,340 

6,213 

14, 855 

1.962 

2,857 

544 

125 

1,090 

701 

1,599 

1,413 

888 

1, 111 

982 

3,234 

4, 591 

73r, 

10 

1,621 

12, 584 

105, 764 

34, 636 

1,278 

15,269 

1. 159 

9. 171) 



234. 298 



Total number 
of prior con- 
victions dis- 
closed 



1,442 
7. 223 
13,215 
16,412 
33, 925 
5,072 
7.479 
1,205 
248 

3, 723 
1,645 

4, 646 
2,935 
2,901 
2,274 
2,017 
1, 578 
8,225 
1,348 

14 

3,050 

17, 882 

127, 887 

47,550 

3,082 

2S.444 

1,878 

16, 380 



366, 680 



Race. 

Most of the persons represented in this study were members of 
the white and Negro races. Excluding Mexicans, who numbered 
12,565, members of the white race represent 224,177 of the 313,204 
arrest records received, while 72,870 were Negroes, 1,791 Indians, 416 
Chinese, 336 Japanese, and 1,049 were representatives of other races. 

Inasmuch as whites greatly outnumber Negroes in the general popu- 
lation of the United States, it is significant to express the figures repre- 
senting whites and Negroes arrested in terms of the number of each 
in the general population. According to the 1930 decennial census, 
there were, exclusive of those under 15 years of age, 8,041 ,014 Negroes, 
13,069,192 foreign-born whites, and 64,365,193 native whites in the 



126 

United States. (Similar figures based on the 1940 decennial census 
are not yet available.) 

Of each 100,000 Negroes in the general population of the United 
States, 906 were arrested and fingerprinted during the first 6 months 
of 1941, whereas the corresponding figure for native whites was 317 
and for foreign-born whites 104. The relationship between the three 
figures will of course vary considerably for individual types of 
violations. 

In connection with the foregoing data, it is of some significance to 
point out that the figure for native whites includes the immediate 
descendants of foreign-born individuals. Persons desiring to make a 
thorough study of the comparative amounts of crime committed by 
native whites and foreign-born whites should refer to existing compila- 
tions showing the number of instances in which offenders are of 
foreign or mixed parentage. Such information cannot be presented 
here for the reason that fingerprint arrest records do not provide for 
the recording of such data. 



OFFENSE CLASSIFICATIONS 

In order to indicate more clearly the types of offenses included in pari J and 
part II offenses, there follows a brief definition of each classification: 

Part I Offenses. 

1. Criminal homicide. — (a) Murder and nonnegligent. manslaughter includes all 
wilful felonious homicides as distinguished from deaths caused by negligence. 
Does not include attempts to kill, assaults to kill, suicides, accidental deaths, or 
justifiable homicides. Justifiable homicides excluded from this classification are 
limited to the following types of cases: (1) The killing of a felon by a peace officer 
in line of duty; (2) the killing of a hold-up man by a private citizen, (b) Man- 
slaughter by negligence includes any death which the police investigation estab- 
lishes was primarily attributable to gross negligence on the part of some individual 
other than the victim. 

2. Rape. — Includes forcible rape, statutory rape (no force used — victim under 
age of consent), assault to rape, and attempted rape. 

3. Bobbery. — Includes stealing or taking anything of value from the person by 
force or violence or by putting in fear, such as strong-arm robbery, stick-ups, 
robbery armed. Includes assault to rob and attempt to rob. 

4. Aggravated assault. — Includes assault with intent to kill; assault by shooting, 
cutting, stabbing, maiming, poisoning, scalding, or by the use of acids. Does not 
include simple assault, assault and battery, fighting, etc. 

5. Burglary — breaking or entering. — Includes burglary, housebreaking, safe- 
cracking, or any unlawful entry to commit a felony or a theft, even though no force 
was used to gain entrance. Includes attempted burglary. Burglary followed by 
larceny is included in this classification and not counted again as larceny. 

6. Larceny — theft (except auto theft). — (a) Fifty dollars and over in value; (b) 
under $50 in value — includes in one of the above subclassifications, depending 
upon the value of the property stolen, thefts of bicycles, automobile accessories, 
shoplifting, pocket-picking, or any stealing of property or article of value which 
is not taken by force and violence or by fraud. Does not include embezzlement, 
"con" games, forgery, worthless checks, etc. 

7. Auto theft. — Includes all cases where a motor vehicle is stolen or driven 
away and abandoned, including the so-called joy-riding thefts. Does not include 
taking for temporary use when actually returned by the taker, or unauthorized use 
by those having lawful access to the vehicle. 

Part II Offenses. 

8. Other assaults. — Includes all assaults and attempted assaults which arc not 
of an aggravated nature and which do not belong in class 4. 

9. Forgery and counterfeiting. — Includes offenses dealing with the making, 
altering, uttering, or possessing, with intent to defraud, anything false which is 
made to appear true. Includes attempts. 

10. Embezzlement and fraud. — Includes all offenses of fraudulent conversion, 
embezzlement, and obtaining money or property by false pretenses. 

11. Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing. — Includes buying, receiving, 
and possessing stolen property as well as attempts to commit any of those offenses. 

12. Treasons; carrying, possessing, etc.- — Includes all violations of regulations 
or statutes controlling the carrying, using, possessing, furnishing, and manufactur- 

(127) 



128 

ing of deadly weapons or silencers and all attempts to violate such statutes or 
regulations. 

13. Prostitution and commercialized vice. — Includes sex offenses of a commercial- 
ized nature, or attempts to commit the same, such as prostitution, keeping bawdy 
house, procuring, transporting, or detaining women for immoral purposes. 

14. Sex offenses (except rape and prostitution and commercialized vice). — In- 
cludes offenses against chastity, common decency, morals, and the like. Includes 
attempts. 

15. Offenses against the family and children. — Includes offenses of nonsupport, 
neglect, desertion, or abuse of family and children. 

16. Narcotic drug laws. — Includes offenses relating to narcotic drugs, such as 
unlawful possession, sale, or use. Exclude Federal offenses. 

17. Liquor laws. — With the exception of "Drunkenness" (class 18) and "Driving 
while intoxicated" (class 22), liquor law violations, State or local, are placed in 
this class. Exclude Federal violations. 

18. Drunkenness. — Includes all offenses of drunkenness or intoxication. 

19. Disorderly conduct. — Includes all charges of committing a breach of the 
peace. 

20. Vagrancy. — Includes such offenses as vagabondage, begging, loitering, etc. 

21. Gambling. — Includes offenses of promoting, permitting, or engaging in 
gambling. 

22. Driving while intoxicated. — Includes driving or operating any motor vehicle 
while drunk or under the influence of liquor or narcotics. 

23. Violation of road and driving laws. — Includes violations of regulations with 
respect to the proper handling of a motor vehicle to prevent accidents. 

24. Parking violations. — Includes violations of parking ordinances. 

25. Other violations of traffic and motor vehicle laws. — Includes violations of 
State laws and municipal ordinances with regard to traffic and motor vehicles 
not otherwise provided for in classes 22-24. 

26. All other offenses. — Includes all violations of State or local laws for which 
no provision has been made above in classes 1-25. 

27. Suspicion. — This classification includes all persons arrested as suspicious 
characters, but not in connection with any specific offense, who are released with- 
out formal charges being placed against them. 

o 



5 h 



UNIFORM 

CRIME 
REPORTS 



FOR THE UNITED STATES 
AND ITS POSSESSIONS 




ISSUED BY THE 

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 

WASHINGTON, D. C 



Volume XII Number 3 

THIRD QUARTERLY BULLETIN, 1941 



UNIFORM 
CRIME REPORTS 

FOR THE UNITED STATES 
AND ITS POSSESSIONS 



Volume XII — Number 3 
THIRD QUARTERLY BULLETIN, 1941 



Issued by the 

Federal Bureau of Investigation 

United States Department of Justice 

Washington, D. C. 




ADVISORY 



International Association of Chiefs of Police 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1941 



DOCUMENTS 



CONTENTS 

Page 

Summary of volume XII, No. 3_ 129-130 

Classification of offenses 130 

Extent of reporting area 131 

Monthly reports: 

Offenses known to the police — cities divided according to population 

(table 59) 132-133 

Annual trends, offenses finown to the police, 1940-41 (table 60) 134-136 

Offenses known to the police — cities divided according to .location 

(tables 61, 62) - 137-141 

Offenses in individual cities over 100,000 in population (table 63) __ 142-144 

Offenses known to sheriffs and State police (table 64) 146 

Offenses known in Territories and possessions (table 65) 146 

Data from supplementary offense reports (tables 66-68) 147-148 

Persons charged, 1940: 

Persons charged in individual cities over 25,000 in population (table 

69) 149-154 

Data compiled from fingerprint cards, 1941: 

Sex distribution of persons arrested (table 70) 156-157 

Age distribution of persons arrested (tables 71-73) 157-160 

Number with records showing previous convictions (table 74) _ 160-161 

Definitions of part I and part II offense classifications 163-164 

(ID 



UNIFORM CRIME REPORTS 

J. Edgar Hoover, Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation, U. S. Department 
of Justice, Washington, D. C. 



Volume XII October 1941 Number 3 

SUMMARY 

Crime Trends, January-September, 1940-41. 

All crimes against the person increased and property crimes except 
auto theft decreased during the first 9 months of 1941 as compared 
with the same period of last year. Murders increased 7.9 percent and 
negligent manslaughters went up 15 percent. Offenses of rape in- 
creased 7.2 percent; and other felonious assaults, 5.5 percent. 

Although auto thefts showed a 6.6 percent increase, robberies, 
burglaries, and larcenies decreased 7.7 percent, 6.1 percent, and 1 
percent, respectively. 

Distribution of Crimes, 1941. 

Generally more crimes per unit of population occur in the larger 
cities; however, the murder and aggravated assault rates are highest 
in cities with population from 50,000 to 100,000. 

Fifty-nine and three-tenths percent of the crimes reported during 
January-September 1941, were larcenies. Twenty-one and three- 
tenths percent of all the crimes were burglaries, more than half of 
which involved stores, warehouses, office buildings, or other nonresi- 
dence structures. Eleven and eight-tenths percent of the reported 
crimes were auto thefts; 3.1 percent were robberies; and the remaining 
4.5 percent were criminal homicides, rapes, and aggravated assaults. 
Persons Arrested, 1941. 

Of the 479,701 fingerprint arrest records received during the first 
9 months of this year, 44,347 represented women. Although this 
15 percent increase is probably due in part to an increased tendency on 
the part of local agencies to forward the fingerprints of arrested women 
to the FBI, the figures show that arrests of women for auto theft, 
driving while intoxicated, and disorderly conduct increased 24.3, 
28.3, and 31.3 percent, respectively. Females charged with em- 
bezzlement and fraud decreased 11.6 percent and those arrested for 
narcotic violations declined 35.4 percent. 

(129) 



130 

Age 19 again predominated in the frequency of arrests during 
January-September 1941. Youths under 21, according to the records 
received, commit 32.4 percent of the robberies, 33.2 percent of the 
larcenies, 46.7 percent of the burglaries, and 56.8 percent of the auto 
thefts in the United States. 

Of the 479,701 persons arrested and fingerprinted during the first 
3 quarters of the year 165,086 had previously been convicted of 511,187 
crimes. 
Persons Arrested 1940, Cities Over 25,000 in Population. 

This issue of the bulletin contains a table showing the number of 
persons arrested for murder, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, 
larceny, and auto theft during 1940 in individual cities with population 
of 25,000 or more. 

CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENSES 

The term "offenses known to the police" is designed to include those 
crimes designated as part I classes of the uniform classification occur- 
ring within the police jurisdiction, whether they become known to the 
police through reports of police officers, of citizens, of prosecuting or 
court officials, or otherwise. They are confined to the following group 
of seven classes of grave offenses, shown by experience to be those 
most generally and completely reported to the police: Criminal 
homicide, including (a) murder, nonnegligent manslaughter, and (6) 
manslaughter by negligence; rape; robbery; aggravated assault; 
burglary — breaking or entering; larceny — theft; and auto theft. The 
figures contained herein include also the number of attempted crimes 
of the designated classes. In other words, an attempted burglary or 
robbery, for example, is reported in the bulletin in the same manner as 
if the crime had been completed. Attempted murders, however, are 
reported as aggravated assaults. 

"Offenses known to the police" include, therefore, all of the above 
offenses, including attempts, which are reported by the police depart- 
ments of contributing cities, and not merely arrests or cleared cases. 
Offenses committed by juveniles are included in the same manner as 
those known to have been committed by adults, regardless of the 
prosecutive action. Complaints which upon investigation are learned 
to be groundless are not included in the tabulations which follow. 

In publishing the data sent in by chiefs of police in different cities, 
the FBI does not vouch for their accuracy. They are given out as 
current information which may throw some light on problems of 
crime and criminal-law enforcement. 

In compiling the tables, returns which were apparently incomplete 
or otherwise defective were excluded. 

In the last section of this bulletin may be found brief definitions 
of pari 1 and part II offense classifications. 



131 

EXTENT OF REPORTING AREA 

In the following table there is shown the number of police depart- 
ments from which one or more crime reports were received during the 
first 9 months of 1941. The cities represented are classed according 
to size, and the population figures employed are from the 1940 decen- 
nial census. 



Population group 


Total 
number 
of cities 
or towns 


Cities filing returns 


Total 
population 


Population repre- 
sented in returns 




Number 


Percent 


Number 


Percent 


Total 


1.077 


1,022 


94.9 


62, 715, 897 


61, 782, 663 


98.5 


1. Cities over 250,000 


37 

55 
107 
213 
665 


37 

55 

106 

209 

015 


100.0 
100.0 
99.1 
98.1 
92.5 


30, 195, 339 
7, 792, 650 
7,343,917 
7,417,093 
9, 966, 898 


30, 195, 339 
7, 792, 650 
7, 264, 719 
7, 258, 022 
9,271,933 




2. Cities 100,000 to 250,000.. 




3. Cities 50,000 to 100,000 




4. Cities 25,000 to 50,000 




5. Cities 10,000 to 25,000 









Note.— The above table does not include 1,927 cities, villages, and rural townships aggregating a total 
population of 9,731,037. The cities and villages included in this figure are those of less than 10,000 popula- 
tion filing returns, whereas the rural townships are of varying population groups. 

The growth of the uniform crime reporting area is indicated in the 
following tabulation. These figures were compiled for the first 9 
months of 1932-41. 



Year 


Number of 
cities 


Population 


Year 


Number of 
cities 


Population 


1932 

1933.. _ 


1,546 
1,638 
1,727 
2,050 
2,271 


52, 802, 362 
62,041,342 
62,391,056 
64, 012, 959 
65, 319, 548 


1937 

1938 

1939 


2,358 
2,617 
2,662 
2,668 
2,949 


65,811,861 


1934 


67, 735, 765 


1935 

1936 


1940 

1941 


67,911,590 
71,513,700 



The additional 281 cities shown in the foregoing comparison for the 
first 9 months of 1941 as compared with the corresponding period of 
1940 account in part for the increase of 3,602,110 in the total popu- 
lation. The total population of the cities represented for the years 
prior to 1941 is based on the 1930 decennial census, with the exception 
that the 1933 estimates of the Bureau of the Census were used for 
cities over 10,000 in population while the 1940 decennial census 
figures were used in considering the total number of inhabitants in 
the 2,949 cities set forth above. 

A total of 4,815 law-enforcement agencies contributed one or more 
crime reports during the first 9 months of 1941. This includes 2,949 
city and village law-enforcement agencies, 1,844 sheriffs, 9 State 
police units, and 13 agencies in Territories and possessions of the 
United States. 



MONTHLY REPORTS 

Offenses Known to the Police — Cities Divided According to Population. 

As a general rule, the highest crime rates are found in the larger 
cities. The murder and aggravated assault rates, however, for 
cities with population from 50,000 to 100,000 were higher than the 
corresponding rates for the cities over 100,000, and similar exceptions 
are noted for offenses of manslaughter by negligence and rape. 

Table 59 shows the number of offenses and the rate per 100,000 as 
reported by 2,109 cities representing a combined population of 64,267,- 
531. The data are presented for six groups of cities divided according 
to size. This table can be of use in comparing local crime rates with 
national averages. 

More than half (59.3 percent) of the offenses shown in table 59 
were larcenies. Burglaries constitute 21.3 percent of the total; auto 
thefts, 11.8 percent; and robberies, 3.1 percent. The remaining 
4.5 percent were criminal homicides, rapes, and other felonious 

assaults. 

(132) 



133 



Table 59. — Offenses known to the police, January to September, inclusive, 1941, 
number and rate per 100,000 inhabitants, by population groups 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Population group 



GROUP I 

36 cities over 250,000; total popula- 
tion, 29,894,166: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 

GROUP II 

55 cities, 100,000 to 250,000; total 
population, 7,792,650: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 

group m 

90 cities, 50,000 to 100,000; total 
population, 6,241,303: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 

group IV 

173 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; total 
population, 6,044,081: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 

GROUP V 

505 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; total 
population, 7,676,296: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 

GROUP VI 

1,250 cities under 10,000; total popu- 
lation, 6,619,035: 

Number of offenses known .... 

Rate per 100,000 

Total 2,109 cities; total population, 
64,207,531: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 



Criminal 

homicide 


Rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 

as- 
sault 


Rur- 
glnry — 
breat 
tng or 
entei 
ing 


Lar- 
ceny— 

theft 


Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 


Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 


1,328 
4.44 


'891 
3.14 


2,649 
8.86 


14, 652 
49.0 


11, 699 

39.1 


2 57, 170 
278.8 


2153,310 

747.6 


418 
5.36 


306 
3.93 


448 
5.75 


2,659 
34.1 


3,488 
44.8 


23,159 
297.2 


59, 688 
766.0 


336 
5.38 


201 
3.22 


418 
6.70 


1,779 
28.5 


3,209 
51.4 


15,818 
253.4 


47, 435 
760.0 


207 
3.42 


135 
2.23 


260 
4.30 


1,350 
22.3 


1,846 
30.5 


13, 566 
224.5 


43, 380 
717.7 


214 
2.79 


128 
1.67 


441 
5.74 


1,256 
16.4 


1,980 
25.8 


14, 276 
186.0 


43, 803 
570.6 


206 
3.11 


132 
1.99 


394 
5.95 


1,021 

15.4 


1,487 
22.5 


10, 468 

158.1 


26,541 
401.0 


2,709 
4.22 


• 1, 793 
2.86 


4,610 
7.17 


22, 717 
35.3 


23, 709 
36.9 


2 134,457 
245.0 


2 374,157 
681.8 



Auto 
theft 



46, 405 

155.2 



12,378 

158.8 



8,624 
138.2 



7,661 
126.8 



7,299 
95.1 



4. 752 
71.8 



87, 119 
135. 6 



1 The number of offenses and rate for manslaughter by negligence are based on reports as follows: Group I, 
35 cities, total population, 28,389,889; groups I-VI, 2,108 cities, total population, 62,703,254. 

2 The number of offenses and rate for burglary and larceny — theft are based on reports as follows: Group I, 
34 cities, total population, 20,507,837; groups I-VI, 2,107 cities, total population, 54,881,202. 



134 

Annual Trends, Offenses Known to the Police, 1940-41. 

All crimes against the person showed increases during the first 9 
months of this year when compared with the same period of 1940. 
The same was true of auto thefts. 

Most pronounced was the increase in offenses of manslaughter by 
negligence, which mounted 15 percent. The monthly crime reports 
received show for negligent homicide that although each quarter of 
1941 was higher than the corresponding quarter of 1940 there was a 
general downward trend during the first half of both years. This 
trend continued during the third quarter of 1940 but reversed in the 
third quarter of 1941, causing a somewhat unusual increase during 
this 3-month period over July-September of 1940. A similar varia- 
tion occurred in the number of auto thefts reported during the two 
9-month periods. The number of auto thefts reported during Jan- 
uary-September of 1941 was 6.6 percent greater than the number 
reported during the same period of last year. 

Crimes of rape and murder increased 7.2 percent and 7.9 percent, 
respectively, this year. Aggravated assaults showed seasonal in- 
creases during the second and third quarters of both 1940 and 1941; 
however, the seasonal rise was more pronounced this year, resulting 
in a 5.5 percent increase for the first 9 months over 1940. 

With the exception of auto thefts, property crimes decreased as 
follows: Robbery, 7.7 percent; burglary, 6.1 percent; and larceny, 1 
percent. 

The figures for the first 9 months of 1940 and 1941 reported by 345 
cities with more than 25,000 inhabitants, representing a combined 
population of 49,010,650 are presented in table 60. The cities are 
divided into four groups according to size. The annual crime trends 
presented in the preceding paragraphs referred to the tabulation 
representing all cities over 25,000 treated as a single group. When 
the cities are divided into four groups according to size, the crime 
figures reflect annual variations in several of the groups which differ 
from those previously described. To illustrate, although the general 
murder trend was up, the figures for cities over 250,000 showed a 
slight decrease. Similarly, offenses of manslaughter by negligence 
and rape showed decreases in cities with population from 25,000 to 
50,000, whereas the trend for all cities over 50,000 was to the con- 
trary. Robberies in cities between 50,000 and 100,000, in contrast 
to the general downward trend, remained substantially the same in 
both 1940 and 1941. Although larcenies decreased in the cities over 
100,000, these offenses showed increases in the cities with population 
less than 100,000. 



135 





425174°— 41- 



136 

Table 60. — Annual trends, offenses known to the police, cities over 25,000 in -popula- 
tion, January to September, inclusive, 19^0-1+1 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Criminal 
homicide 



Population group 



35 cities over 250,000: total popula- 
tion, 29,222,507: 

January to March 1940 

January to March 1941 

April to June 1940 

April to June 1941. . 
July to September 1940. 
July to September 1941 
January to September 1940. . 
January to September 1941 . . 

GROUP II 

55 cities, 100,000 to 250,000; total 
population, 7,792,650: 

January to March 1940 

January to March 1941 _ . 

April to June 1940 

April to June 1941 

July to September 1940. .. 
July to September 1941 . 

January to September 1940 

January to September 1941 

GROUP III 

88 cities, 50,000 to 100.000; total pop- 
ulation, 6,129,549: 

January to March 1940 

January to March 1941 

April to June 1940 

April to June 1941 

July to September 1940 

July to September 1941 

January to September 1940 

January to September 1941 

GROUP IV 

167 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; total pop- 
ulation, 5,865,944: 

January to March 1940 

January to March 1941 

April to June 1940 

April to June 1941 

July to September 1940. .. 

July to September 1941 

January to September 1940 

January to September 1941. .. 

GROUPS I-IV 

345 cities; total population, 49,010,- 
650: 

January to March 1940 

January to March 1941 

April to June 1940. . . 

April to June 1941 

July to September 1940. 
July to September 1941. 

January to September 1940 

January to September 1941 



Murder, 
non neg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



372 
397 

470 
431 
486 
481 
1,328 
1,309 



111 
130 
118 
127 
140 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



i 186 
i 206 
i 162 
i 187 
1 153 
i 208 
' 501 
i 601 



106 
106 
84 
83 
72 



Rape 



161 
369 


117 
262 


418 


306 


65 


62 


115 


80 


73 


68 


101 


67 


117 


44 


115 


47 


255 


174 


331 


194 


45 


56 


69 


46 


57 


41 


80 


49 


40 


39 


52 


38 


142 


136 


201 


133 


593 


i 410 


711 


' 438 


718 


J 355 


739 


'386 


783 


'308 


809 


"410 


2,094 


i 1, 073 


2, 259 


i 1, 234 



786 
857 
827 
847 
836 
908 
2, 449 
2,612 



123 
121 
140 
166 
152 
161 
415 
448 



85 
126 
124 
131 
128 
157 
337 
414 



84 
71 
77 
75 
116 
109 
277 
255 



1,078 
1,175 
1,168 
1,219 
1,232 
1,335 
3,478 
3,729 



Rob- 
bery 



5. 882 
5.508 
4.967 
4.287 
4,738 
4,448 
15, 587 
14, 243 



1, 183 
1.015 

927 
772 
834 
872 
2,944 

2. 659 



593 
670 
550 
519 
585 
542 
1,728 
1,731 



476 
447 
334 
382 
457 
414 
1,267 
1,243 



8,134 
7,640 
6,778 
5,960 
6,614 
6,276 
21, 526 
19, 876 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



3,139 
3,095 
3, 85fi 
3, 961 
4,010 
4,371 
11,005 
11,427 



887 
987 
1,016 
1,147 
1.212 
1,354 
3,115 
3,488 



856 
909 
1,101 
1,103 
1,121 
1,182 
3,078 
3,194 



485 
488 
536 
622 
614 
652 
1,635 
1,762 



5,367 
5,479 
6,509 
6,833 
6,957 
7, 559 
18, 833 
19,871 



Bur- 




glary— 


Lar- 


break- 


ceny— 


ing or 


theft 


enter- 




ing 





2 20. 391 
2 19, 508 
2 18,952 
2 1'7, 126 
2 18, 807 
2 17,884 
2 58,150 
2 54, 518 



8, 134 
8,176 
7,987 
7,301 
8,233 
7,682 
24, 354 
23, 159 



5, 756 
5,391 
5, 519 
4,986 
5,499 
5,068 
16, 774 
15,445 



4,486 
4.331 
4,485 
4,261 
4.927 
4,511 
13, 898 
13, 103 



2 38, 767 
2 37, 406 
2 36, 943 
2 33, 674 
2 37, 466 
2 35, 145 
2 113, 176 
2 106, 225 



2 48, 475 
2 49. 882 
> 51.507 
2 49, 857 
2 53, 926 
2 51,374 
153, 908 
•151, 113 



19, 993 

19, 587 

20, 280 
19, 833 
20,900 
20, 268 
61. 173 
59, 688 



14,675 
14, 969 
15,656 
15,389 
15,624 
16. 082 

45, 955 

46. 440 



12. 731 

13. 040 

14. 186 
14. 278 
14,347 
14, 662 
41,264 
41, 980 



2 95. 874 
2 97. 478 

2 101, 629 
99, 357 

2 104. 797 

2 102, 386 
2 302, 300 
2 299, 221 



1 The number of offenses of manslaughter is based on reports as follows: Group I, 33 cities, total popula- 
tion, 20,263,235: groups I-IV, 343 cities, total population, 40,051,378. 

■ The number of offenses of burglary and larceny — theft is based on reports as follows: Group I, 33 cities, 
total population, 19,836,178; groups I-IV, 343 cities, total population, 39,624,321. 



137 

Offenses Known to the Police — Cities Divided According to Location. 

As an aid to persons making st udies of crime conditions in individual 
communities the crime rates (number of offenses committed per 
100,000 inhabitants) presented in table 59 as national averages have 
been subdivided to show the information for individual geographic 
divisions. The crime rates for cities grouped not only according to 
size but also by location are presented in table 62. 

A list of some of the factors affecting the extent of crime in a 
community may be found in the comments immediately preceding 
table 63. Differences in the crime rates throughout the country 
are only to be expected, inasmuch as crime is affected by many 
factors which vary greatly in force and extent among the different 
sections of the country. The illustrations on pages 139, 141, and 145 
graphically present for offenses of robbery, burglary, and auto theft 
the variation in the frequency of crime phenomena among the nine 
geographic divisions. 

In table 61 there is listed the number of police departments whose 
reports were used in preparing the rates for each of the subgroups in 
tables 59 and 62. 



Table 61. — Number of cities included in the tabulation of uniform crime reports, 
January to September, inclusive, 19/ t l 



[Population fipure 


3 based on 1940 d 


scennial 


census] 










Population 




Division 


Group 
I 


< hroup 
II 


Group 
III 


( Jroup 

IV 


Group 
V 


Group 
VI 


Total 




Over 
250,000 


100,000 

to 
250.000 


50.000 

to 
100,000 


25,000 

to 
50,000 


10,000 
to 

25,000 


Less 
than 
10.000 




GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION 

New England: 1(37 cities; total population, 

5,440.701. 

Middle Atlantic: 495 cities; total population, 
18,684,504 


2 

6 

8 

4 

3 

3 

4 

1 
5 


10 

11 

10 

5 

7 

3 

3 

1 
5 


11 

18 
19 
7 

16 
4 
6 
2 


24 

31 

53 

11 

17 

5 

10 

7 
15 


63 

119 

111 

57 

42 

17 

34 

20 
42 


57 

310 

324 

170 

104 

41 

70 

til 
113 


167 
495 


East North Central: 525 cities; total popula- 
tion, 16,008. 272_ 


West North Central: 254 cities; total popula- 
tion, 5,251,308 .. 




South Atlantic: " 189 cities; total population, 
5,584,735 . 




East South Central: 73 cities; total popula- 
tion, 2,200,350 


73 


West South Central: 127 cities; total popula- 
tion, 3,622,005 


127 


Mountain: 92 cities; total population, 
1,448,232 


9 9 


Pacific: 187 cities; total population, 6,027,424 . 


is: 


Total: 2,109 cities; total population, 
64,267,531 


36 


55 on 


173 


505 


1, 250 













1 Includes report of District of Columbia. 



138 

In order that the information may be readily available, there are 
listed below the States included in the nine geographic divisions. 



States Divided by Geographic Division 



New England: 
Connecticut. 
Maine. 

Massachusetts. 
New Hampshire. 
Rhode Island. 
Vermont. 

West North Central: 
Iowa. 
Kansas. 
Minnesota. 
Missouri. 
Nebraska. 
North Dakota. 
South Dakota. 



West South Central: 
Arkansas. 
Louisiana. 
Oklahoma. 
Texas. 



Middle Atlantic: 
New Jersey. 
New York. 
Pennsylvania. 



South Atlantic: 
Delaware. 

District of Columbia. 
Florida. 
Georgia. 
Maryland. 
North Carolina. 
South Carolina. 
Virginia. 
West Virginia. 

Mountain: 
Arizona. 
Colorado. 
Idaho. 
Montana. 
Nevada. 
New Mexico. 
Utah. 
Wyoming. 



East North Central: 
Illinois. 
Indiana. 
Michigan. 
Ohio. 
Wisconsin. 



East South Central: 
Alabama. 
Kentucky. 
Mississippi. 
Tennessee. 



Pacific: 

California. 

Oregon. 

Washington. 



139 




140 



Table 62. — Number of offenses known to the police per 100,000 inhabitants, Janu- 
ary to September, inclusive, 1941, by geographic divisions and population groups 
[Based on 1940 decennial census] 



Geographic division and population 

group 



New England: 
Group I... 
Group II.. 
Group III. 
Group IV.. 
Group V... 
Group VI.. 



Total, groups I-VI. 
Middle Atlantic: 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

Total, groups I-VI. 
East North Central: 

Group I__ 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 



Total, groups I-VI. 
West North Central: 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

Total, groups I-VI. 
South Atlantic: 3 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

Total, groups I-VI_ 
East South Central: 

Group 1 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI.... 

Total, groups I-VI. 
West South Central: 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI... 

Total, groups I-VI. 
Mountain: 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V. 

Group VI 



Total, groups I-VI. 
Pacific: 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI... 



Total, groups I-VI. 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



1.17 
1.18 

.85 
1.49 

.81 
2.18 



1.18 



2.84 
1.25 
2.17 
.93 
1.31 



2. 25 



4.45 
3.84 
2.65 
1.80 
1.31 
1.40 



3.27 



4.26 
3.19 
1.45 
1.63 
1.44 
1.06 



2.70 



10. 19 
15.43 
15.52 
13.72 
11.76 



12.46 



11.82 
24.07 
14.24 
6.96 
12.86 
21.30 



15.04 



11.91 
6.68 
8.19 
8.50 
6.20 

11.80 



9.55 



1.55 
.67 
10.21 
3.66 
1.74 
3.69 



3.04 



2.89 
2. 13 
2.26 
2.66 
.85 
1.25 



2. 36 



Robbery 



17.8 
10.5 
8.3 
6.8 
3.7 
4.9 



9.3 



19.6 
13.3 
17.7 
10.3 
10.5 
8.9 



16.6 



83.0 
39.6 
28.2 
21.2 

22.1 
15.4 



53.5 



32.5 
23.9 
13.3 
19.0 
11.9 
10.1 



21. 



56.9 
69.5 
49.0 
50.5 
22.2 
24.6 



50.2 



89.5 
45.4 
42.0 
33.0 

24.5 
27.9 



57.6 



35.0 
57.4 
41.9 
39.0 
24.6 
22.8 



36. 



57.7 
32.7 
63.8 
27.2 
19.5 
28.3 



36.3 



80.6 
47.1 
34.5 
31.5 
28.4 
22.9 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



13.2 
10.2 
6.7 
4.1 
5.0 
5.2 



8.0 



29.6 
25.4 
24.6 
19.5 
15.3 
8.6 



25.1 



35.0 
36.5 
28.4 
12.0 
10.9 
7.0 



26.4 



25.9 
19.0 
7.0 

4. 1 
11.0 
5.2 



16.0 



71.4 
112.4 
159. 3 
149.9 
144.7 
110.3 



115. 1 



181. li 
153.5 
107.5 
107.8 
58.7 
128.3 



142. 1 



70.5 
76.5 
92.6 
60.7 
48.8 
34.3 



66.3 



14.9 
12.7 
23.0 
14.6 
9.0 
30.5 



17.6 



30.6 
18.4 
10.5 
9.2 
6.9 
16.4 



22.0 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or enter- 
ing 



108.2 
290.8 
204.6 
189.4 
139.4 
143. 3 



9.5 



' 229. 3 
174.4 
172.4 
159.6 
142.5 
102.2 



2 165. 1 



238.6 
2611.4 
222. 1 
203. 1 
L82. 7 
151.7 



219.9 



230. 3 
218.0 
216.4 
198.2 
163 8 
133. 5 



19s. S 



285. 4 
441.6 
316.8 
327. 4 
227. 6 
225.2 



311.9 



438.0 
369.2 
363.8 
291.0 
215. 3 
149.6 



351.4 



349.5 
384.4 
376. 1 
249.4 
269. 5 
177. 5 



319. 2 



326. 9 
346.2 
335.1 
295.7 
281.9 
227.3 



293. 



413.5 
396.0 
336. 5 
331.1 
269.7 
262.0 



Lar- 
ceny — 

theft 



248.3 
555.2 
471.4 
451.4 
317.5 
277.1 



405. 9 



■ 361.9 
358.8 
417.0 
376.9 
330. 7 
232. 9 



2 341.6 



673. 9 
809.5 
695.8 
648.4 
548 '.1 
307.4 



632. 8 



628. 7 
617.3 
800.6 
733. 
696.1 
336. 1 



613.6 



825. 5 

1. 141.6 

1.023.3 

1,017.5 

675.6 

467.8 



890. 2 



840.7 
822. 3 
729.7 
840.6 
608.7 
262.2 



741.3 



1. 027. 2 
1. 168. 9 
1,074.4 
1,014.2 
698.1 
438.7 



944. 



999.3 
1.155.8 
1, 180. 5 
1,376.3 
1, 338. 9 

770.5 



1. 110.3 



1, 196. 9 
1. 113.2 
1. 332. 9 
1, 256. 7 
1, 044. 5 
1,018.2 



368.3 I 1, 169.0 



1 The rates for burglary and larceny are based on reports of 4 cities. 
' The rates for burglary and larceny are based on reports of 493 cities. 
3 Includes the District of Columbia. 



141 




142 

Offenses in Individual Cities With More Than 100,000 Inhabitants. 

The number of offenses committed during the period of July- 
September 1941, is shown in table 63. The compilation includes the 
reports received from police departments in cities with more than 
100,000 inhabitants. Such data are included here in order that inter- 
ested individuals and organizations may have readily available up-to- 
date information concerning the amount of crime committed in their 
communities. Police administrators and other interested individuals 
will probably find it desirable to compare the crime rates of their cities 
with the average rates shown in tables 59 and 62 of this publication. 
In order to determine whether crime has increased or decreased in 
individual communities reference should be made to tables in prior 
issues of the bulletin showing offenses committed in individual cities. 

Caution must be exercised in comparing crime data for individual 
cities, because differences in the figures may be due to a variety of 
factors. The number of crimes committed in a community is a reflec- 
tion against the entire community and not essentially chargeable to 
the police. The following factors contribute to the extent of crime 
in a community. 

Population of the city and metropolitan area adjacent thereto. 
The composition of the population with reference particularly 

to age, sex, and race. 
The economic status and activities of the population. 
Climate. 

Educational, recreational, and religious facilities. 
The number of police employees per unit of population. 
The standards governing appointments to the police force. 
The policies of the prosecuting officials and the courts. 
The attitude of the public toward law-enforcement problems. 
The degree of efficiency of the local law-enforcement agency. 

In comparing crime rates it is always more important to determine 
whether the figures for a given community show increases or decreases 
in the amount of crime committed than to ascertain whether the 
figures are above or below those of some other community. 



143 

Table 63. — Number of offenses known to the police, July to September, inclusive, 
1941, cities over 100,000 in population 

[Based on 1940 decennial census] 



City 



Akron, Ohio 

Albany, N. Y.... 

Atlanta, Oa 

Baltimore, Md__ 
Birminghain, Ala. 



Boston, Mass 

Bridgeport, Conn 
Buffalo, N. Y 
Cambridge, Mass. 
Camden, N. J... 



Canton, Ohio, _ ... 
Charlotte, N. C __ 
Chattanooga, Tenn. 
Chicago, 111... 
Cincinnati, Ohio. .. 



Cleveland, Ohio. 
Columbus, Ohio 

Dallas, Tex 

Dayton, Ohio... 
Denver, Colo 



Des Moines, Iowa- 
Detroit, Mich 

Duluth, Minn 

Elizabeth, N.J... 
Erie, Pa 



Fall River, Mass. 

Flint, Mich 

Fort Wavne, Ind. 
Fort Worth, Tex. 
Gary, Ind 



Grand Rapids, Mich- 
Hartford, Conn 

Honolulu, Hawaii 

Houston, Tex 

Indianapolis, Ind 



Jacksonville, Fla... 
Jersey City, N. J__. 
Kansas City, Kans. 
Kansas City, Mo 
Knoxville, Tenn 



Long Beach, Calif 
Los Angeles, Calif. 

Louisville, Ky 

Lowell, Mass 

Memphis, Tenn 



Miami, Fla 

Milwaukee, Wis. .. 
Minneapolis, Minn. 

Nashville, Tenn 

Newark, N.J 



New Bedford, Mass. 
Xew Haven. Conn 

New Orleans, La 

New York, N. Y.»... 
Norfolk, Va 



Oakland, Calif... 
Oklahoma City, Okla 
Omaha, Nebr 

Paterson, N. J 

Peoria, 111 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



(') 



Robbery 



77 
108 
54 

49 
4 
14 

4 
16 

17 
17 
24 
1,025 
124 

115 
66 
37 
22 
59 



(123 
3 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



(') 



24 
451 

154 

2 

61 

43 
13 
33 
38 
59 

2 
4 

29 
350 

60 

43 
24 
6 
7 
19 



37 

11 

103 

295 

168 

38 
1 

53 
3 

18 

14 
102 

45 
463 

81 

27 
24 
107 
23 
19 

10 
461 



(') 



1 
6 

2 

44 
11 
33 

55 

3 
35 

1 
48 
17 

81 

12 
9 

77 

8 
175 
216 

5 
219 

64 
11 
8 

77 
90 

1 

6 

119 

772 

43 

27 
55 
15 

61 
15 



Burg- 
lary— 
breaking 

or enter- 
ing 



Larceny— theft 



204 
39 
559 
574 
371 

200 
109 
94 
70 
37 

109 

96 

176 

2,578 

396 

357 
468 
446 
97 
407 

141 
1,557 
34 
91 
89 

209 
162 
140 
252 
129 

141 
201 
292 

888 

r ,7'.' 



153 

126 

74 

294 

2, 155 

590 

50 

247 

302 
183 
309 
258 
396 

145 
152 
102 

2,130 

257 

282 

170 
143 
90 
95 



$50 and 
over 



75 
18 
144 
200 
80 

155 
71 
69 
14 
22 

29 
40 
23 

,088 
180 

76 
133 
34 
26 
92 

14 
369 
34 
25 
21 

20 
55 
32 
25 
42 

26 
51 

79 
85 
35 



32 
54 
62 

48 
1, 127 
131 
22 
106 

59 
85 
94 
50 
158 

40 
65 
129 



( 3 ) 



Under 
$50 



509 

115 

1,040 

1,548 

474 

474 
436 
441 
129 



264 

318 

301 

3, 328 

1,256 

2, 580 
725 

1.563 
537 

1,003 

310 
6.452 
280 
157 
181 

126 
441 
498 
629 
368 

559 
493 
466 
1,662 
619 



0) 



753 
) 

251 
761 
203 



502 
6,475 
1, 103 

88 

642 

307 

1, 210 

903 

399 

785 

275 

290 

316 

3, 863 



854 
548 
221 
71 
192 



Auto 

theft 



94 
32 
325 
807 
148 

869 
90 

I :is 
69 
83 

65 

64 
89 
816 
201 

14* 
154 
128 
115 
174 

73 

943 

39 

36 

78 

46 
65 
92 

51 



63 
100 
137 
2.59 
412 



35 
115 

92 

159 
1.920 

372 
24 
62 

56 
169 
249 

12. r . 
443 

37 
82 

277 
2, 882 

208 

159 
70 
62 

113 

79 



See footnotes at end of table. 
425174°— 41— 3 



144 



Table 63.- Number of offenses known to the police, July to Septembei 
1941. cities over 100,000 in population — Continued 



inclusive. 





Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
\ ated 
assault 


Burg- 
lary- 
breaking 
or enter- 
ing 


Larceny— theft 


Auto 
theft 


City 


$50 and 

over 


Under 
$50 




29 
9 
3 
1 
3 

9 
1 


130 

136 

92 

2 

4 

27 
3 
39 
79 
16 

27 

25 

16 

116 

5 

66 
4 

18 
13 
4 

1 
17 

7 
62 
18 

35 

2 

113 

16 

8 
4 
35 


208 
107 
16 
14 

7 

105 
9 
19 

204 
6 

5 

108 

5 

84 
10 

25 


658 
823 
438 
179 

87 

244 
85 
134 
879 
199 

164 
258 
180 
555 

57 

564 
98 
84 
104 
102 

95 
122 

98 
320 
162 

250 
39 

542 
71 
93 

228 
52 
ISO 


246 

134 

181 

43 

13 

102 

29 
32 

C) 
42 

56 
51 
99 
136 

28 

125 
5 
31 
16 
29 

21 
36 
32 

98 
27 

43 
12 
249 
6 
44 

29 
10 


494 
731 
950 
173 
1 52 

604 

477 

1.714 

571 

454 
632 
824 
1.355 
105 

960 
88 
340 
365 
236 

301 
273 
283 
686 
258 

501 
175 
2, 045 
325 
334 

262 

82 

364 


725 


Pittsburgh, Pa 


615 




186 




183 




32 




178 




52 




82 


St. Louis. Mo 

31 Paul, Minn . -- 


17 
2 

1 
6 
4 
3 


289 
60 


Sail Lake ('it v. I'tah 


86 




86 


San Diego, Calif 


208 




611 




35 




6 
2 


345 




33 


South Rend, Ind 


5 
13 

7 

2 
3 

22 
29 
37 

81 


69 






69 






63 






89 


Tacoma. Wash _._ 




109 


Tampa, Fla _ . ._. 


2 

6 


34 


Toledo, Ohio 


128 




77 


Tulsa, Okla 


2 


84 


Titica. N. Y 


20 


Washington, D. C . 


17 

1 
5 


118 
15 

13 

5 

2 
32 


594 




is 




54 


Worcester, Mass ___ _ . . 


78 






99 




4 


147 







1 Complete data not received. 

2 Figures include offenses committed by juveniles; this is in accord with the uniform reporting procedure 
followed by other cities. 

3 Larcenies not separately reported. Figure listed includes both major and minor larcenies. 



145 




146 



Offenses Known to Sheriffs, State Police, and Other Rural Officers, 1941. 
All the foregoing data are based on monthly crime reports received 
from law-enforcement agencies policing urban areas (incorporated 
places with 2,500 or more inhabitants). Comprehensive data regard- 
ing rural crimes are not yet available, but the current information on 
hand is shown in table 64, which is based on the reports from 1,102 
sheriffs, 95 police agencies in rural villages, and 8 State police 
organizations. 

Table 64. — Offenses known, January to September, inclusive, 1941, as reported by 
1 ,102 sheriffs, 8 State police organizations, and 95 village officers 





Criminal homicide 


Rape 


Rob- 
bery 




Bur- 


Larceny 
—theft 






Murder 
nonneg- 

ligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 


Aggra- 
vated 

as- 
sault 


glary— 
break- 
ing or 

enter- 
ing 


Auto 
theft 




1,030 


922 


1,904 


2,581 


5. 310 


19,920 


35,850 


7.694 















Offenses Known in Territories and Possessions of the United States. 

The available data concerning crimes committed in the Territories 
and possessions of the United States are presented in table 65. The 
tabulation is based on reports received from the first and third judicial 
divisions of Alaska; Honolulu City and the counties of Honolulu, 
Kauai, and Maui in the Territory of Hawaii; and the Isthmus of 
Panama, C. Z. The tabulation is based on the number of offenses 
known to law enforcement officials of both urban and rural areas, with 
the exception that the data for Honolulu City have been segregated 
from the figures for Honolulu County. 

Table 65. — Number of offenses known in United States Territories and possessions, 
January to September, inclusive, 1941 
[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Murder 
non neg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
as- 
sault 


Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 


Larceny — 
theft 


Auto 


Jurisdiction reporting 


Over 

$50 


Under 
$50 


theft 


Alaska: 

First judicial division (Juneau), popu- 
lation, 25,241; number of offenses 


2 

4 

6 

. 3 

1 

1 

1 


19 
3 

7 


9 

8 

20 
8 
3 

10 

14 


8 

6 

8.10 
158 
20 
84 

59 


14 

9 

196 
19 

6 
43 


24 

14 

1. 556 
147 
13 
132 

594 




Third judicial division (Valdez), popu- 
lation, 19,312; number of offenses 


o 


Hawaii: 

Honolulu City, population, 179,358; 

number of offenses known. 
Honolulu County, population, 78,898; 

number of offenses known 

Kauai County, population, 35,818; 

number of offenses known 

Maui County, population, 55,534; 


305 

66 
2 

6 


Isthmus of Panama: 

Canal Zone, population, 51,827; num- 


96 







147 



Data From Supplementary Offense Reports. 

During January-September of this year 47,161 burglaries were 
committed in 58 cities over 100,000. The majority (75.7 percent) of 
these offenses were committed during the night; however, the propor- 
tion of burglaries committed after dark varies noticeably according to the 
type of building - involved. Only 62 percent of the burglaries of homes 
were perpetrated during; the night while 88.2 percent of the nonresi- 
dence burglaries were committed after nightfall. More than half (52.5 
percent) of all burglaries involved some type of nonresidence structure. 

In these 58 larger cities 9,630 robberies were perpetrated during the 
first 9 months of the year. The majority (59.9 percent) of these were 
classified as highway robbery. Eight and one-half percent of the 
robberies involved oil stations and 25.6 percent were committed in 
some other type of commercial establishment. The remaining 6 per- 
cent were residence and miscellaneous robberies. 

In analyzing the 114,240 larcenies, unaccompanied by the elements 
of robbery or burglary, committed in the foregoing 58 cities, it was 
found that only 11 percent of them involved property valued at more 
than $50. Sixty-five and two-tenths percent of the larcenies fell 
within the $5 to $50 group, and the remaining 23.8 percent of the 
thefts each involved property valued at less than $5. Automobile 
accessories stolen constituted 13.5 percent of the larcenies, and other 
types of personal property such as cameras and clothing stolen from 
automobiles made up 18.8 percent of the total. The crime reports 
showed that stolen bicycles constituted 17.3 percent of the thefts 
committed. Thus, property stolen from automobiles and bicycle 
thefts make up nearly half of all the larcenies. An analysis of the 
supplementary offense reports received during the first 9 months of 
1941 from the foregoing 58 cities with a combined population of 
19,277,395 is presented in table 66. 

Table 66. — Number of known offenses with divisions as to the nature of the criminal 
act, time and place of commission, and value of property stolen, January to Sep- 
tember, inclusive, 1941; 58 cities over 100,000 in population 

[Total population 19,277,395, based on 1940 decennial census] 



Classification 


Number 
of actual 
offenses 


Classification 


Number 
of actual 
offenses 


Rape: 

Forcible 

Statutory 

Total 

Robbery: 


079 

554 

1,233 


Larceny — Theft (except auto theft) 
(grouped according to value of article 
stolen) : 

Over $50 

$5 to $50 


12, 583 

74.471 


5, 772 

2.349 

817 

114 

324 

6 

248 

9, 630 


Under $5 


27, 186 


Commercial house. . 


Total 

Larceny— Theft (grouped as to type of 
offense) : 


1 14, 240 


















Bank 

Miscellaneous..- 

Total 

Burglary— Breaking or entering: 
Residence (dwelling): 


Purse-snatching - - 

.Shoplifting 

Thefts from autos (exclusive of auto 
accessories) '. 


3, 450 
3, 527 


13,891 
8,528 

21, 830 
2,912 


15,450 


Committed during night 




19,756 


Committed during day 


All other. - 


49, 057 


Nonresidence (store, office, etc.): 
Committed during night 


Total 


114,240 










Total-.. 


47, 161 





148 

There were 26,122 automobiles stolen during the first 3 quarters of 
this year in the 58 cities referred to in table 66 and during this same 
period the police departments in these cities recovered 24,726 auto- 
mobiles or 94.7 percent of those stolen as indicated in table 67. 

Table <>7. Recoveries of stolen automobiles, January to September, inclusive, lu',1 : 

58 cities over 100,000 in population 

[Total population, 19,277,395, 1>:isim| on 1940 decennial census] 

Number of automobiles stolen. _ . 26, 122 

Number of automobiles recovered 24, 726 

Percentage recovered 94. 7 

Excluding automobiles, 20. <X percent of the $7,206,965.43 represented 
in property stolen during the first 9 months of the year was recovered 
by police according to the supplementary offense reports received from 
the 58 cities represented in table 68. Including automobiles, property 
stolen in these cities was valued at $19,203,305.14, of which 68 percent 
was recovered . 



Table 68.- Value of property stolen and value of property recovered with divisions ot- 
to type of property involved, January to September, inclusive, 1941: 58 cities over 
100,000 in population 

[Total population, 19,277,395, based on 1940 decennial census] 



Type of property 



Currency, notes, etc _ 
Jewelry and precious metals 
Furs 

< Nothing. 

Locally stolen automobiles. 
Miscellaneous 



Total- 



Value of prop- Value of prop- 
erty stolen erty recovered 



$2. 093, 358. f.9 

1,803, 176. 19 

246,695. 11 

774, 972. 46 
11, 996, 339. 71 
2. 288, 762. 68 



19, 203, 305. 14 



Percent 
recovered 



$205,781.87 

318, 022. 37 

29, 158. 98 

167, 986. 45 

11,564,035.34 

748, 987. 72 



13, 063, 972. 73 



9.8 
19.3 
11.8 
21. 7 
96. 1 
32.7 



68.0 



PERSONS CHARGED, 1940 

Persons Charged (Held for Prosecution) , 1940, in Individual Cities With 
More Than 25,000 Inhabitants. 

The number of persons arrested in a community and charged with 
crimes should not be used as an index to the number of offenses com- 
mitted, since one person may be arrested for the commission of several 
crimes, and on the other hand several persons may be arrested for the 
commission of one offense. Likewise many offenses for which no 
arrests are made are reported to the authorities. The charge placed 
against an arrested person does not always indicate the type of offense 
committed since various circumstances sometimes cause local author- 
ities to formally charge an offender with a crime less serious than the 
one for which he was arrested. 

The number of offenses of murder, robbery, aggravated assault, 
burglary, larceny, and auto theft committed during 1940 in individual 
cities with population in excess of 25,000 is presented in volume XI, 
No. 4, table 83 of this publication. As a result of the police investiga- 
tion of these reported offenses many persons are arrested and held 
for prosecution, and such arrest data are presented in table 69 of this 
issue. 

The data concerning persons arrested shown in table 69 are based 
on annual crime reports received for 1940 from the police departments 
in the cities listed. Urban communities over 25,000 in population 
which are not listed in table 69 either failed to forward an annual arrest 
report to the FBI, or indicated the report forwarded was incomplete. 
Persons interested in the figures for an individual city will probably 
desire also to examine the data presented on pages 25-61 of volume 
XII, No. 1 of this bulletin which includes national and regional aver- 
ages for 1940, with subdivisions by size of city. 

(149) 



150 

Table 69. Number of persons charged (heldfor prosecution), January to December, 
inclusive, 1940, cities over 25,000 in population 



(Based on 1940 decennial census] 



City 



Akron, Ohio 

Alameda, Calif 

Albany, N. Y 

Albuquerque, N. Mex.C 
Alexandria, La 



Alexandria, Va. 
Aliquippa, Pa_. 
Allentown, Pa_. 

Altoona, Pa 

Amarillo, Tex. 2 _ 



Amsterdam, N. V.-' 
Ann Arbor, Mich_— 

Appleton, Wis. 3 

Arlington, Mass 

Atlanta, Ga 



Atlantic city, N. J. 
Auburn, N.Y.i 2__ 

Augusta, Ga. 1 

Austin, Tex 

Bakersfield. Calif 



Baltimore, Md 

Bangor, Maine 

Battle Creek, Mich. 
Bay City, Mich. 2 ___ 
Beaumont, Tex. 2 



Belleville, 111 

Belleville, N.J... 
Bellingham, Wash 

Belmont, Mass 

Beloit, Wis 



Belvedere Twp., Calif- 
Berkeley, Calif- - 
Berwyn, 111 

Beverly, Mass 

Beverly Hills, Calif . . 



Binghamton, N. Y. 
Bloomington, Hl. 3 „ 

Boise, Idaho 

Boston, Mass 

Bridgeport, Conn 



Brockton, Mass.- 
Brookline, Mass.. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Burlington, Vt 

Cambridge, Mass. 



Camden, N. J 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa 
Central Falls, R. I-.. 

Charleston, S. C 

Charleston, W. Va. 2 . 



Chelsea, Mass 

Chester, Pa 

Chicago, 111. 3 

Chicopee, Mass. 2 - 
Cicero, 111. 2 



Cincinnati. Ohio 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Cleveland Heights, Ohio. 

Clitton, N.J 

Clinton. Iowa 



Murder, 

non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



11 
204 



Robbery 



1 19 
30 



29 
14 
3 

410 

fi 

8 

1 

17 



404 
4 

2 

7 
59 



36 

32 

5 

2 

34 

56 

3 

18 

1,201 



233 

235 

3 

4 

1 



vated 
assault 



4 
10 

1 
16S 

4 



141 
18 
72 



1 
174 
197 



30 

1,108 

3 

2 

155 
72 

1 
5 



Burglary — 

breaking 

or entering 



222 
22 
74 
17 
14 

30 
18 
18 
64 

17 

5 
11 
6 
9 
510 

72 

3 

200 

124 

17 



Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 



896 


1,936 


27 


105 


25 


54 


14 


56 


44 


55 


6 


9 


15 


11 


12 


24 


29 


9 


3 


27 


51 


22 


38 


63 


13 


50 


20 


17 


158 


41 


46 


151 


5 


1 


11 


23 


1,568 


2,354 


63 


113 


43 


67 


20 


90 


322 


945 


23 


28 


188 


350 


150 


330 


17 


135 


13 


35 


161 


290 


136 


378 


46 


96 


83 


150 


898 


3, 276 


9 


18 


9 


19 


521 


1,266 


588 


773 


9 


18 


16 


/ 


10 


34 



Auto 
theft 



326 
20 
71 

279 
71 

177 
64 
45 
47 

86 

25 
30 
20 
29 

1, 407 

169 

26 

344 

362 



See footnotes at end of table. 



151 

Table 69. — Number of persons charged (held for prosecution) , January to December, 
inclusive, 1940, cities over 25,000 in population — Continued 



City 



Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Columbia, S. C 

Columbus. Ga.i 2 

Columbus. Ohio 2 

Concord, N. H 



Council Bluffs, Iowa 2 - 

Covington, Ky 

Cranston, R. I 

Cumberland, Md 

Dallas, Tex 



Danville, 111 

I >a\ enport, Iowa- 
Dayton, Ohio 

Dearborn, Mich.. 
Decatur, 111.' 



Denver, Colo. 3 

Des Moines, Iowa. 

Detroit, Mich. 3 

Dubuque, Iowa — 
Duluth, Minn 



Durham. N. C.i 2 

East Cleveland, Ohio_ 
East Providence, R. I. 
East St. Louis, 111. 3 .-. 
Eau Claire, Wis 



Elgin, 111 

Elizabeth. N. J. 
Elkhart, Ind -.. 
Elmira, N. Y_-_ 
El Paso, Tex... 



Elvria, Ohio 2 

Erie, Pa 

Evansville, Ind__. 
Everett, Wash. 2 .. 
Fall River, Mass. 



Fargo, N. Dak 

Fitehburg, Mass... 

Flint, Mich 

Fond du Lac, Wis. 
Fort Smith, Ark... 



Fort Worth, Tex. 3 . 

Fresno, Calif 

Gadsden, Ala 

Garfield, N. J.»_-- 
Gary, Ind 



Glendale, Calif 

Grand Rapids, Mich- 

Green Bay, Wis 

Greensboro, N. C. a __ 
Greenville, S. C> 



Hackensack, N. J. a . 
Hagerstown, Md__. 

Flamilton, Ohio 

Hammond, Ind 

Hamtramck, Mich. 



Harrisburg, Pa. 2 

Hartford, Conn 

Hazelton, Pa 

Highland Park, Mich. 
High Point, N. C 



Murder, 

non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Robbery 



2 

5 
49 
59 

11 

81 

18 

334 

3 

1 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



208 



6 

40 
17 
20 

17 
33 
217 



2 

110 

1 

1 
14 

1 

2 

35 



18 
24 

28 
6 
5 

15 

4 

22 

70 

4 

13 

228 



Burglary — 

breaking 

or entering 



30 
81 
53 
153 
9 

143 
38 
20 
31 

279 

21 

15 

321 

85 

64 

136 

100 

388 

14 

22 

59 
6 
8 

65 
31 

22 
37 
5 
19 
70 

4 

66 

108 

7 

85 

23 
29 
141 
14 
35 

240 
50 
19 
16 

70 

67 
62 
14 
139 
58 

34 
11 
24 
25 
12 

80 

82 
29 
47 
116 



Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 



47 
211 
154 
503 

33 

15 
21 
55 
36 
1. 103 

32 
94 
590 
198 
103 

581 
265 
950 
108 

206 



29 
196 

62 

45 
79 

17 



14 
97 
304 
49 
95 

34 
41 

118 
34 

134 

595 

124 

91 

11 

220 

60 

249 

89 

288 

301 

21 
90 
85 
59 
66 

85 

255 

36 

52 

201 



See footnotes at end of table. 



152 

Table 69. — Number of persons charged (held for prosecution), January to December , 
inclusive, 1940, cities over 25,000 in population — Continued 



City 



Houston, Tex... 
Hutchinson, Kans 
Indianapolis, Ind . _ 

Irvington, N. J 

Jackson, Mich 



Jackson, Miss 

Jacksonville, Fla... 
Jersey City, N. J. K 

Joliet, 111.3 

Kansas City, Mo__ 



Kenosha, Wis 

Kingston, N. Y__. 
Knoxville, Tenn. 2 . 

Kokomo, Ind 

La Crosse, Wis 



La Fayette, Ind. 
Lakewood, Ohio. 
Lancaster, Pa. 3 .- 
Lansing, Mich... 
Laredo, Tex 



Lawrence, Mass__. 

Lebanon, Pa 

Lewiston, Maine 3 . 

Lincoln, Nebr. 3 

Little Rock, Ark.'. 



Long Beach, Calif. 3 

Lorain, Ohio ' 

Louisville, Ky. 1 

Lowell, Mass 

Lower Merion Township, Pa. 



Lubbock, Tex 

Lynchburg, Va. 2 .-. 

Lynn, Mass 

Madison, Wis. 3 

Manchester, N. H. 



Mansfield, Ohio 

Marion, Ind. 2 

Marion, Ohio ' 

Mason City, Iowa_ 
Maywood, 111 



Medford, Mass 

Melrose, Mass 

Memphis, Tenn 

Meriden, Conn 

Michigan City, Ind. 1 . 



Middletown, Conn. 
Middletown, Ohio.. 
Milwaukee, Wis. 1 --. 
Minneapolis, Minn. 
Mishawaka, Ind 



Moline, 111 

Monroe, La 

Montclair, N.J. 2 

Montgomery, Ala. 2 ... 
Mount Vernon, N. Y. 



Muncie, Ind. 3 

Nashua, N. H 

New Albany, Ind 

Newark, N. J 

New Bedford, Mass, 



Murder, 

non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Robbery 



206 

3 

106 

7 
4 

7 
93 
19 



158 
1 



22 
5 

1 

1 

3 

113 

11 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



268 



115 
2 
9 

121 

151 

62 

5 

172 



3 

188 

1 

3 

1 
2 
6 



13 

6 

891 

2 

2 

12 
41 
8 
2 
5 



4 
1 
2 

3 

1 

L67 

3 

8 



1 
3 
6 
242 
9 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



548 
19 
38 

35 

256 

55 

22 

324 

9 

3 

146 

46 

33 



31 
39 
29 
15 
160 

86 

19 

1,114 

47 
34 

37 
20 
76 
23 
32 

19 

12 
29 
15 
11 

50 
2 
195 
12 
6 

13 

7 

459 

191 

6 



20 

17 

112 

29 

26 

5 

8 

338 

90 



Lar- 
ceny — 

theft 



1, 545 

1 

1,261 

89 

105 

215 

679 

55 

50 

1,107 

120 
29 

299 
95 

124 

63 
19 
46 
50 
6 

58 
26 
58 
69 
343 

152 

14 

2,048 

92 

51 

199 
85 
71 
71 

116 

71 
28 
97 
78 
12 

1 54 
9 

749 
24 
38 

18 

64 

1,432 

653 

32 

50 
148 

24 
310 

10 

57 
19 
48 
585 
114 



See footnotes at end of table. 



153 



Table 69. — Number of persons charged (held for prosecution), January to December, 
inclusive, 1940, cities over 25,000 in population — Continued 



City 


Murder, 

niiii- 
aegligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Robbery 


A ggra- 

vated 
assault 


Burglary — 

breaking 
or entering 


Lar- 
ceny 
theft 


Auto 
theft 








4 

9 

(i 

254 

22 

39 

3 

23 

125 

12 

1 
1 
14 
1 
6 

142 
10 

17 


18 
62 
27 
264 
34 

35 
52 
37 
161 

20 

4 
13 
170 
9 
52 

163 
04 
55 
30 
53 

9 

26 
116 

90 
93 

38 
2,183 
18 
14 
24 

15 

28 

118 

128 

17 

75 
18 
20 
16 
17 

286 

20 

1 

138 
36 

10 

6 
86 
24 
34 

282 

147 
85 
32 
14 

15 

129 
52 
66 

420 


59 
161 
71 
L.040 
01 

43 
54 
01 
178 
30 

23 
9 

576 
47 
134 

646 
313 
163 

29 
86 

50 
45 

232 
09 

232 

157 

1,260 

26 

40 
123 

90 

95 

041 

302 

52 

217 
00 
109 

00 

47 

881 
31 
31 
280 
131 

25 

9 

371 
52 
02 

741 
537 
201 
90 

44 

71 
552 
117 
258 
918 


9 


N'ew Haven, Conn. 2 ..- 


3 


17 

2 

104 

34 

4 


62 

8 


New Orleans, La. 3 . 


48 
8 

3 


87 
19 


New Rochelle, N. Y 


17 
29 


Niagara Falls, N. Y. 2 

Norfolk, Va. 2 

Norristown, Pa -.. 

North Bergen, N. J. . .- . .. 


1 
21 

1 


2 
66 

8 

1 
1 

46 
7 

11 

52 
26 
9 


9 
18 
10 

3 









Oakland, Calif 

Oak Park, 111 


6 


81 
2 


Ogden, Utah 

Oklahoma City. Okla 


3 

20 
5 
3 




100 
29 


Orlando, Fla 

Oshkosh, Wis. - - ... 


19 
6 


Owensboro, Kv 


3 

7 
2 


17 


56 

27 


17 


Parkersburg, W. Va. 2 . 


2 
6 

8 
25 

9 
415 
2 
4 
10 

3 

5 
37 
48 

5 

10 
8 

13 
6 

10 

112 
1 
1 

17 
3 


6 


3 

49 

61 

593 


41 


Paterson, N. J _ -. ... - .. ... 

Peoria, 111 

Petersburg, Va. 1 2 . - .. 


3 
1 

2 

97 


19 

28 

15 


Philadelphia. Pa 

Pittsfleld, Mass . 


092 
1 


Plainfield, N. J. 2 

Pontiae. Mich 

Port Arthur. Tex 

Portland, Maine . .-. ... 


1 
2 

5 


18 
11 

24 
8 

27 

156 

9 

29 

22 

11 

2 

18 

399 

4 


3 
23 

24 


Portland, Oreg. 3 - - 

Portsmouth, Va 

Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 2 


4 
11 


140 
9 


Providence, R.I. 2 

Pueblo. Colo 


2 


60 
9 






4 


Racine. Wis. 2 


1 


10 
9 


Richmond, Va - - 

Riverside, Calif. 3 


38 
2 


102 
6 

3 


Rochester, N. Y. 

Rockford. HI 


1 


32 
3 


83 
9 






10 


Roval Oak, Mich. 2 








o 


Sacramento. Calif - .. 

Saginaw, Mich. 2 .,- 

St. Joseph, Mo. 2 


9 
3 
2 

47 

1 
6 


38 
11 
11 

127 

32 

3 

6 

6 

2 

51 

33 

53 

163 


17 
16 
13 

78 
32 
16 


36 
19 
20 


St. Louis, Mo 


07 
94 


St. Petersburg, Fla 


10 




28 








12 




2 
11 

1 
4 
24 


14 

326 

17 

20 

200 


12 


San Antonio, Tex. 2 


50 




16 




47 


San Francisco, Calif ._ 


255 



See footnotes at end of table. 



154 

Table 69. — Number of persons charged {held for prosecution) , January to December, 
inclusive, 1940, cities over 25,000 in population — Continued 



City 



San Jose, Calif 

Santa Ana, Calif.' 

Santa Barbara, Calif. 1 . 
Santa Monica, Calif. _ . 
Savannah, Ga. 2 



Schenectady, N. Y. 

Scranton, Pa 

Seattle, Wash 

Sheboygan, Wis. 1 .. 
Sioux City, Iowa 3 . 



Sioux Falls, S. Dak. 2 . 

Somerville, Mass 

South Bend, Ind 

South Gate, Calif 

Spokane, Wash. 3 



Springfield, Mass.. 

Springfield, Mo 

Springfield, Ohio 2 . 
Steuben ville, Ohio. 
Superior, Wis 



Syracuse, N. Y. 
Tacoma, Wash. 
Teaneck, N. J.. 
Toledo, Ohio... 
Topeka, Kans.. 



Trenton, N.J. 3 

Troy, N. Y 

Tucson, Ariz 

University City, Mo. 
Upper Darby, Pa 



Utica, N. Y 

Waco, Tex 

Waltham, Mass. 

Warren, Ohio 

Warwick, R. I... 



Washington, D. O.i. 

Washington, Pa 

Watertown, N. Y... 

Wausau, Wis 

Wauwatosa, Wis 



West Allis, Wis 

West Hartford, Conn.. 

West Orange, N. J 

West Palm Beach, Fla. 
Wheeling, W. Va 



White Plains, N. Y. 

Wichita, Kans 

Wichita Falls, Tex.. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 2 .. 
Wilkinsburg, Pa 



Wilmington, Del. 1 

Winston-Salem, N. C. 

Woodbridge, N. J 

Worcester, Mass 

Wyandotte, Mich 



Yakima, Wash 

Yonkers, N. Y. 2 .. 
Zanesville, Ohio 3 . 



Murder, 

non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Robbery 



723 

10 

1 

1 

1 



vated 
assault 



406 
4 
2 



1 
10 

7 

5 

9 

48 

14 

14 

8 

433 

1 

11 



Burglary — 

breaking 

or entering 



65 
34 
39 
108 
90 

49 
117 
211 

12 

21 

21 
99 
62 
13 
34 

25 
30 
29 
31 
60 

92 



250 
40 

62 
29 
49 
9 
11 

62 
75 
25 
46 
11 

2,117 
13 

14 
3 



29 
5 
9 

75 
106 

39 
84 

51 
21 
18 

152 
148 
8 
128 
20 

31 
29 
37 



Lar- 
ceny — 
theft 



139 

66 
91 



81 
142 

425 
54 
65 

31 
91 

156 
57 

133 



135 

2 

120 

391 

257 

11 

691 

82 

135 
84 

204 
35 

55 

128 
498 
62 
82 
24 

2,871 
37 
40 
28 
19 

126 

14 

2 

103 

111 



511 
196 
55 
39 

451 

460 

16 

299 

41 

59 
88 
54 



1 Figures represent the number of charges placed against persons arrested. 

2 Juveniles not included. 

3 Complete data for juveniles not included. 

* Includes persons charged with embezzlement and fraud. 



DATA COMPILED FROM FINGERPRINT RECORDS 

Source of Data. 

There were 479,701 fingerprint cards received by the FBI during 
the first 9 months of 1941 as against 459,167 received during the same 
period of 1940. Through an examination of these arrest records in- 
teresting information is obtained concerning the age, sex, race, and 
previous criminal history of persons arrested for violations of State 
laws and municipal ordinances throughout the country. Fingerprint 
cards representing arrests for violations of Federal laws or commit- 
ments to any type of penal institution have been excluded from the 
compilations which follow. 

The 4.5 percent increase in the number of fingerprint cards exam- 
ined during the first 9 months of 1941 over the corresponding period 
of last year does not necessarily signify an increase in the number of 
persons arrested. The periodic growth in the number of fingerprint 
records received is doubtless due in part to an increased tendency of 
local agencies to utilize the national clearing house of fingerprints 
operated by the Identification Division of the FBI. Inasmuch as 
there are individuals arrested for whom no fingerprint cards are for- 
warded to Washington the data presented obviously do not include 
all persons arrested. Moreover, tabulations pertaining to the num- 
ber of persons arrested should not be confused with information con- 
cerning the number of offenses committed. Two or more persons 
may be arrested and charged with the joint commission of a single 
offense, while on the contrary, one arrested person may be responsible 
for several separate crimes. 

Offense Charged. 

It is of significance to observe that 37 percent (177,402) of the 
fingerprint records examined during the first three quarters of 1941 
reflect arrests for major crimes, as follows: 

Criminal homicide 4, 900 

Robbery 9, 131 

Assault 28, 953 

Burglary 23, 198 

Larceny (except auto theft) 44,000 

Auto theft 10, 436 

Embezzlement and fraud 11, 555 

Stolen property (receiving, etc.) 2, 329 

Arson 741 

Forgery and counterfeiting 5, 299 

Rape 4, 594 

Narcotic drug laws 2, 218 

Weapons (carrying, etc.) 4,582 

Driving while intoxicated 25, 466 

Total 177,402 

(155) 



156 

Charges of murder, robbery, assault, burglary, larceny, or auto 
theft were placed against 120,618 (25 percent) of the persons arrested 
during the first 9 months of the year. 

Sex. 

Arrests of males exceeded the number of females arrested in all 
crime classifications except prostitution and commercialized vice. 
Nevertheless, 9.2 percent of the records examined during the first 9 
months of 1941 represented women. This is an increase over the 
same period in 1940 when 8.4 percent of the persons taken into cus- 
tody were women. 

Fingerprints of arrested women numbered 44,347 for the first three 
quarters of 1941 representing an increase of 5,801 over the 38,546 
received during the same period of 1940. This 15 percent increase 
may be due in part to an increased tendency on the part of local agen- 
cies to forward fingerprints of arrested women to the FBI; however 
marked deviations from this percentage increase are seen for some in- 
dividual offense classifications. For example, arrests of women for 
auto theft increased 24.3 percent; for driving while intoxicated, 28.3 
percent; and for disorderly conduct, 31.3 percent. On the other 
hand, female arrests for gambling decreased 3.9 percent; for embezzle- 
ment and fraud, 11.6 percent; and for narcotic violations, 35.4 percent, 
as compared with arrests of women during January-September 1940. 

With respect to the significance of the increase in the number of 
women arrested as pointed out in the preceding paragraph, a compara- 
tive study of male and female arrest data indicates that in most of 
the crime classes the increase shown in arrests of women is either con- 
trary to the trend shown in the arrest figures for men, or the increase 
in the number of men arrested is less pronounced than in the case of 
women. For example, while the male arrests decreased 9 percent for 
robbery, arrests for women increased 6.5 percent for this offense. 
Similarly, men charged with burglary decreased 14.6 percent while 
women so charged increased 9.6 percent. The increase in the number 
of men arrested for murder and auto theft in each instance was 3.1 
percent, whereas female arrests for these crimes increased 8.2 percent 
and 24.3 percent, respectively. For most offense classes the trends in 
arrests for men and women contrasted noticeably as indicated here- 
tofore. The main exception to this is seen in arrest figures for drunk- 
enness where the arrests for men increased 29.8 percent and for women, 
30 percent. 



157 



Table 70. — Distribution of ai 


rests by sex Jan. 1-Sept. SO, 


1941 






Number 


Percent 




Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 




4, 900 
9, L31 

j.s, 953 

23, 198 

44, 000 

10. 436 

11.555 

2,329 

7U 

5,299 

4,594 

7, 192 

8.321 

2,218 

4.582 

6. 950 

7,897 

25. 466 

5,321 

36 

8,322 

27, 186 

108,221 

38. 123 

10.341 

43, 835 

3,275 

27, 279 


4,335 
8.656 
26, 112 

22, 682 
39, 932 
10, 252 
10, 840 

2,128 

675 

4,936 

4.594 

1,862 

7,034 

1.322 

4,360 

6, 750 

6,475 

24, 731 

5. 209 

33 

8, 129 

23, 522 
1(11, 20s 

33. 445 
9,746 

38, 645 
2,932 

24, 809 


565 
475 

2.841 
516 

4, 068 
184 
715 
201 
66 
363 

5, 330 

1,287 

896 

222 

200 

1,422 

735 

112 

3 

193 

3,664 

7,013 

4,678 

595 

5, 190 

343 

•-'. 470 


1.0 
1.9 
6.0 
4.8 
9.2 
2.2 
2.4 
.5 
.2 
1.1 
1.0 
1.5 
1.7 
. 5 
1.0 
1.4 
1.6 
5.3 
1. 1 

1.7 
5.7 
22.6 
7.9 
2.2 
9. 1 

5.7 


1.0 
2.0 
6.0 
5.2 
9.2 
2.3 
2.5 

.5 

.2 
1. 1 
1. 1 

.4 
1.6 

.3 
1.0 
1.5 
1.5 
5.7 
1.2 

1.9 
5.4 
23.2 

2^2 
8.9 

5^7 


1.3 




1. 1 




6.4 


Burglary— breaking or entering 


1.2 

9. '-' 


Autotheft . 


.4 




1.6 




.5 




. 1 


Forgery and counterfeiting 


.8 


Prostitution and commercialized vice 


12.11 
■2. 9 




2.0 


Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. .. 


.5 
.4 




3.2 




1.7 




.3 




(') 




.4 




8.3 




15.8 




10.5 




1.3 




11.7 




.8 




5.6 






Total — 


479. 701 


435, 354 


44, 347 


100.0 


100. 


100.0 







1 Les? than Mo of 1 percent. 
Age. 

The fingerprint records examined during the first 9 months of 1941 
reflect that age 19 predominated in the frequency of arrests, followed 
by ages 21 and 18, respectively. During the first three quarters of 
1940 arrests for age 18 were less frequent than for age 22. 

During 5 of the past 9 years age 19 has predominated in the fre- 
quency of arrests, 1932-34 and 1939-40, as well as the first 9 months of 
1941. Arrests for ages 21, 22, and 23 exceeded arrests for age 19 
during the years 1935-38. The groups for which the largest number 
of arrests occurred during the first 9 months of 1941 are as follows: 

\p(i- Number of .arrests 

'l9 19, 181 

21__ 18,507 

18 18,436 

20 17,488 

22 1 6, 493 

The compilation for the first 9 months of this year shows 83,130 
arrests of youthful offenders under the age of 21, which is 17.3 percent 
of the total fingerprint records examined. An additional 66,827 (13.9 
percent) of the arrests were for persons within the ages of 21 and 24, or 
a total of 149,957 (31.3 percent) less than 25 years old. Arrests in the 
age group 25-29 numbered 73,818 (15.4 percent) resulting in a total of 
223,775 (46.6 percent) less than 30 years of age. In examining arrest 
data based on fingerprint cards received at the FBI, it should be 
remembered that the number of arrest records is doubtless incomplete 
in the lower age groups because of the practice in some jurisdictions 
not to fingerprint youthful individuals. 



158 



O -h CO 00 O CD iO 
o w >o 03 O CO »o 
© *-* © — < o ^ »o 

t* © GO CO -3* O"" r-T 
CM CM ^t* -^ <-" 



Oi-HOlTf NhcCNONOh CO M CD 1-1 CO H IO U5 OJ 



Ol ^f © © OJN. 



COt^-OltO -HCOCl'OaiOO^M 



M'^'f iCO 



O5COW«tN00CNCl^MI^N 



4 CM 1— 1 CO gc CI ci 



lO-^J* h-OOClt 'ri->OiO OONCOOOOWCON 



I -rt* 1^* CO tO to tO i— * OlOrft 00 CD CN N • 
CD CM CO CO CO 00 t^ CD O.^ N 



co _'.t 1— uu t 1 "j 1— ^t, 'jj <jj •-. 

Ol ^- CO CI ClOrHCO^OOOCN 



^©oicocioocoi-h 

(M*d't'«(N CM 



th »C CN Tt* N O 00 h CO ?1 * 
©CDCOOtMO^r l o c 01 CO 

CO ^ 00 "D 00 1— 1 O 1-1 CO ^ 



OtNOCDCO^HCOaCNa'NNcDCOOJCDX 

co cm co co r- t- o cm ci r- o oomncdi- 



iC ■* CN CN iO "O ^ CNiOOOCD COiOOCCp-ir-iCJ^iOOCI'-tCOCONON I CD 

TfiOQOCDOCN OQOOiO M"OCOfCO--iNCO CO »0 N O O I- Tf< CO 1— t 

•^ CO iO Ol 00 C> Tf ^H »OCM sf t" M CO N Q M « Ot-'^NCOCOCOH O 

N N H CO*" N!DCO*h M N I N 



O 1^ OS CM »0 t"» © 

H CO CO ^* N CD CO 
CD CD N tJ* O CO N 

eoi-T-* i-T 



)!OON COOCCOOONfCDCCCCOCDaCOat 



iOCD-*0 rf< N N m O O iO 00 

CM CD CO 



.tNCOHOCC 



; O © Ol -rf t--COO0r^cDO0TfCD *o 

co"nVh tP cm" 1 ©" 



NOCDON>ON 

i-H -^Of Tj*" t-T 



COtNCOOiCDTfCOCiCOt-^CDcD^TfOi 
"":COCNCDhi005 (D O N CO t- N CN t'. 1 
H CO CD CO Ol tO CO ©00©r--l>-COTrOl 



In ^o CO ^ CJ 00 t-- © CO O0 tO CS CO CO CI CD --h 'iT. © "*" CD ■ © t~ CO I - t - CM CO I "** 

N-T'CI-iCN CM t- "t HHWOWtN *0 CC O 00 O 1^ t^ CD -* CM O 



i-H CO* tO* TjT *-T 10 



CD tO -rf CM i— 1 •— 1 OS 
^H CM OS CO ^ OO CM 
OS t^ CD »-* CM CM OS 

i-T o co" CD" f-T ^h" 



CD *-> t* ~ 



t^ cd r^ os -r 'X 01 01 n ci c c w co co >o s I 00 

HrHi<iNiONoO'H r- i-- os co co cm — < os i i-h 

OOCO-^OOTfCMCOi— l lOCOOCONCO'OC | 00 

_T^' ^_T^_r»tr^H* rHWcO^WSV-T*^ tJH 1 CO" 



-tf OXOOINON 

1 00 !-• ^h 00 co *a co 

H-^^NiOCOCO 



TfcD^HCO CM 00 © '-" '-" C CI — — • © CO X X »0 CD CM O 

"T^"OOO>0»0G0 OOCO^HiOOOCMCMCD 



■* CO -h ^ Ol CN N N CO OS i— l- 



CM ^-f t-^ 



IS 



OS CO CO © CM CO "^ 



COCMCOCM^CO00CMCOOSCO©CMijOCM00^ 



■-" as ^ 2 © ~ x X. -— ( --< — »c :- — ^ 0-1 -z ■/. \~ ci o — r. '" CO ^ CD 
CN ^ rH 00 >0 CO CO Ol Ol »C CO H >h CO CN CD (N ^OhNNNhOJ 



12 



O CO Q0 (N CO "O Tt* 
CN'OOCSN'^ CO 



O 00 I» O r-tOOlC0©iO©>— 'CO© 1"^ *"-©©©©© 



_H^^ _ ^ 1 CD 



cocooNOCNr- 

— I - — CO t- 00 >o 

5) CD -h CN -t CO CO 



6 CO (- OO >0 OS CO CO © 'D CD I - CM t - CD © »D 



; -r r - 00 cm >o — .— 1 os tji © cm ©■ cd re x 

r- t- TTi CM CI 



CO CO CM T-t CM CD CO 



! H O ^ N H H CN 

^* cm" t-T of i-T 



rvi O 10 ■* CN ^ N OS-^OOi— < CD C N CO CO -h (N CI r« CO »C' 'f O N CN CO CO 



CO ci CO CO tO ^ CO COCNr-Hi-H HNCHJO 



,-. t-. © iD CO CO CM 



CM CO Ol CO CM 1— 1 ^h • 



^^CONCOCOhO 

iOO^iOhOhM 

r-* i-T f-T of i-T 



I ■<* t- Ol CD CO © CM 

to to co r-- ci oi to 

,_| b- © OO © •— ' Ol 



oo-^aooico©^cc 

COONCShCOCOh 
i— I CO MHr-(COCO 



I 21 



— 1 CO CO t - CI © ^H 1^ Ol 00 CO tO 
© CM 00 CO — ' © *o © -*< CO W CO 



-H ^H CM 



Ol HHCN 



OlTfCMrfCOcDCOOO -h 

Tf< OS CO CN CO O rn Tf 00 

iO©CO00i— ICNHCO ^h 

i-T H 'i-H Ol* ^h" I ©" 



■^Ol©Ol^-i"^00CO i 

CO Ol CO CO iO CM © i-t J 

Tf © © r^ --i co r-t -^ 

^_r of ^h 1 



I Ol t^- OO CD © CD © 



COfOcOCN- 



I^COCNCNNOiO — 
■^NCONrH'ONC 



CDNiO»OhNNCi © 

t— 01»0— tOCDiOCD tJ* 



< »0 CO © •— 1 CD 



© 00 co co © cm © *o ci -x - r 

=?> ■$« CO t- ^ rp — ** M ' n ^ 

Ol Ol CD CO © 



I I- CD' ■— • CO LO tO 00 



co^cor-^rprji ^oito© 1— » © b- corHt 
r^i r>a en m os 1— t 



0101^^©iOcD01 -^ 

X >X C) O CO CI Tt* 00 i-t 

Ol ^h ID © CO I ■* 



CO»0©»0©OSC1 t^tOt-CD CONr-N 'COCNCO 

H CD CD 05 "O N >h i-H i-HCM >— 1 1— ' 



CO TT © CO © © C 

0-1 r ~ ci co © 



r>-oO'D©'-H©© ocooioo 

-H TJ* CO N r- D Ol .-H 1-H 



* r- co © cm *o co tth 



01©»D»OCO©©© 
^h CO ^ to Ol CO 



«0 CN r-« 00 t^ t)< CO COCOON ©CO.— (©COCOOOC 
HhCDCNOhh i-H ^H CO 



©COCMtOOliOOOCC I © 



ltd 



T3 - 

a to 

a & 

a Q 







'■o 






1 ^ 


















. ca 












! u 










h 


1 ! <u 




P 


■ a 






•H 




























C 


!"0 




c 


. 










c 






— 


• 




r 







C5 


1*3 






: 3 


c 




m 'S <B 






-S mS S § 
a a otj-o 

^ --^ (^ TO Q 






oic 



m cs s S-C --^- g 

.- 1 tt .? 1-1 o S *3 ■- >- ca 03 S 1 o s 



159 

Youths less than 21 years old commit a large proportion of the 
offenses against property. This is particularly (rue with reference to 
robbery, burglary, larceny, and auto theft, as shown in the following 
tabulation: 



Table 72. — Percentage distribution of arrests by age group* 



Age group 



l'nder21 

21-29 

30-39 

40-49 

50 and over 

Unknown 

Total 



All of- 
fenses i 



17.3 
29.3 
26.0 
L6. 8 
10.5 
.1 



100.0 



Criminal 
homicide 



12.3 
34.9 
27.8 
15.2 
9.5 
.3 



100. 



Robbery 



32.4 

42. 1 

18.3 

5.7 

1.4 

.1 



100. 



Burglary 



46.7 



14.9 
6.1 
2.3 

. 1 



100.0 



Larceny 



33.2 
30. 1 
20.0 
10.7 
5.8 
.2 



100. 



Auto 

theft 



56. 8 

30.3 

9. 1 

2.9 

.8 

.1 



100.0 



i Not limited to specific crimes listed in the table. 

The extent to which youthful offenders committed crimes against 
property is further revealed by an examination of the age distribution 
of all persons arrested for such crimes. During the first 9 months of 
1941 there were 106,689 persons of all ages arrested for robbery, 
burglary, larceny, auto theft, embezzlement, and fraud, forgery and 
counterfeiting, receiving stolen property, and arson; and 36,649 (34.4 
percent) of those persons were less than 21 years old. The corre- 
sponding percentage for the first 9 months of 1940 was 32.3. 

A further indication of the predominance of youth in the commis- 
sion of crimes against property is indicated by the following figures. 
During the first 9 months of this year, 31.3 percent of all persons 
arrested were less than 25 years of age. However, persons less than 
25 years old numbered 55.6 percent of those charged with robbery. 
63.1 percent of those charged with burglary, 49.2 percent of those 
charged with larceny, and 74.8 percent of those charged with auto 
theft. More than one-half of all crimes against property during the 
first 9 months of 1941 were committed by persons under 25 years of 
asre. 



160 



Table 73. — Number and percentage of arrests of persons under 25 years of age, 

Jan. 1-Sept. 80, 1941 



Offense charged 



Criminal homicide 

Robbery 

Assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Auto theft 

Embezzlement and fraud 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, etc 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Rape 

Prostitution and commercialized vice- 

Other sex offenses 

Narcotic drug laws 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc — 
Offenses against family and children^. 

Liquor laws 

Driving while intoxicated 

Road and driving laws 

Parking violations 

Other traffic and motor vehicle laws___ 

Disorderly conduct 

Drunkenness 

Vagrancy 

Gambling 

Suspicion 

Not stated 

All other offenses 

Total 



Total 

number of 

persons 

arrested 



4,900 

9,131 

28, 953 

23, 198 

44,000 

10, 436 

11,555 

2,329 

741 

5,299 

4,594 

7,192 

8,321 

2,218 

4,582 

fi,950 

7,897 

25, 466 

5,321 

36 

8,322 

27, 186 

108, 221 

38, 123 

10, 341 

43, 835 

3,275 

27, 279 



479. 701 



Number 

under 21 

years of 

age 



601 

2,954 

3, 403 

10, 836 

14,628 

5,925 

907 

457 

115 

827 

1,270 

562 

1,254 

238 

831 

338 

605 

1,024 

991 

1 

1,782 

3,994 

4,278 

6,822 

636 

10, 233 

458 

7, 160 



83, 130 



Total 

number 

under 25 

years of age 



1,398 

5.073 

7.860 

14, 642 

21,659 

7,804 

2,359 

798 

221 

1,743 

2,242 

2.433 

2, 614 

637 

1,643 

1,354 

1,625 

3,729 

2,195 

9 

3,589 

8.161 

12, 483 

12, 153 

1,696 

17,536 

930 

11,371 



149. 957 



Percentage 
under 21 
years of 

years of age 



12.3 
32.4 
11.8 
46.7 
33.2 
56.8 

7.8 
19.6 
15.5 
15.6 
27.6 

7.8 
15.1 
10.7 
18.1 

4.9 

7.7 

4.0 
18.6 

2.8 
21.4 
14.7 

4.0 
17.9 

6.2 
23.3 
14.0 
26.2 



17.3 



Total per- 
centage 

under 25 
years of age 



28.5 
55.6 
27.1 
63.1 
49.2 
74.8 
20.4 
34.3 
29.8 
32.9 
48.8 
33.8 
31.4 
28.7 
35.9 
19.5 
20.6 
14.6 
41.3 
25.0 
43.1 
30.0 
11.5 
31.9 
16.4 
40.0 
28.4 
41.7 



31.3 



Criminal Repeaters. 

The current figures again disclosed the serious problem of the 
criminal repeater. During the first 9 months of 1941 there were 45 
persons arrested for criminal homicide whose records showed prior 
convictions of murder or manslaughter. Similarly, the figures listed 
hereafter indicate instances of persons charged with crimes during the 
first 9 months of 1941 whose criminal histories contained prior con- 
victions of the same type of offense: 

Robbery 508 

Burglary 2, 470 

Larceny 4, 271 

Auto theft 513 

Embezzlement and fraud 757 

Forgery and counterfeiting 617 

Rape 66 

Narcotic drug laws 402 

Driving while intoxicated 1, 296 

The compilation generally reflects a tendency on the part of recidi- 
vists to repeat the same type of offense. This is particularly true with 
reference to crimes against property. 

Over half of the 479,701 arrest records examined during the first 
9 months of 1941 were those of persons already represented by finger- 
print cards on file in the Identification Division of the FBI. Previ- 
ous criminal activities of persons arrested during the first 9 months of 



1G1 



1941 were also indicated on 3,716 current records although their 
fingerprints had not been on file prior to 1941. This makes a total of 
244,843 individuals arrested during the current period concerning 
whom there was information on file dealing with prior criminal activi- 
ties, and the records reflect that 165,086 of them had previously been 
convicted of one or more crimes. The records of this group of 1 65,086 
persons indicated a total of 511,187 prior convictions. 

Table 74. — Number of cases in which fingerprint records show 1 or more prior con- 
victions, and the total of prior convictions disclosed by the records, Jan. 1-Sept. SO, 
1941 



Offense charged 



Criminal homicide 

Robbery 

Assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft 

Embezzlement and fraud 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, etc 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Rape 

Prostitution and commercialized vice. 

Other sex offenses 

Narcotic drug laws 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Offenses against family and children- . 

Liquor laws ... 

Driving while intoxicated 

Road and driving laws 

Parking violations 

Other traffic and motor vehicle laws.-. 

D isorderly conduct 

Drunkenness 

Vagrancy 

Gambling 

Suspicion 

Not stated 

All other offenses 

Total 



Number of 

records 

showing 1 or 

more prior 

convictions 



032 

578 
519 
843 
916 
nil 
694 
587 
140 
115 
130 
493 
926 

(M)S 

•266 

556 
613 
146 
051 
9 
050 
926 
835 
Tit 
226 
649 
(171 



Number of 
prior con- 
victions 
of major 
offenses 



1.282 

5,934 

10, 538 

14, 264 

26,287 

4, 408 

6,292 

902 

165 

3,820 

1,453 

4,016 

2,418 

2,553 

1,729 

1, 513 

1,931 

5,605 

953 

4 

2,143 

8,028 

31, 142 

16, 989 

2,664 

18,811 

1,064 

11,065 



188, 063 



Number of 
prior con- 
victions 
of minor 

offenses 



1,032 
4,165 

10, 025 
8,527 

20,636 
2,912 
3,882 
765 
107 
1,639 
1,064 
2,347 
2, 378 
1, 165 
1,635 
1,562 
4,661 
7,195 
1,100 
12 
2,523 

18, 398 
141, 880 

44, 278 
2,002 

21,160 
1,715 

14,299 



323, 121 



Total num- 
ber of 
prior con- 
victions 
disclosed 



2,314 

10, 099 

20, 563 

22, 791 

40, 923 

7, 330 

10, 174 

1,667 

332 

5, 459 

2,517 

6,303 

4, 796 

3,718 

3, 304 

3,105 

6,592 

12,800 

2,053 

16 

4,660 

26, 426 

173, 022 

61, 267 

4,666 

39, 971 

2.779 

25. 304 



511. 137 



Race. 

A majority of the persons whose fingerprint records were examined 
were members of the white and Negro races. With the exception of 
Mexicans, who numbered 18,409, members of the white race were 
represented by 342,544 of the 479,701 arrest records received, while 
113,384 were Negroes; 2,807, Indians; 595, Chinese; 431, Japanese; 
and 1,531 were of other races. 

In an examination of the data representing whites and Negroes 
arrested it is desirable to express the figures in terms of the number 
of each in the general population for the reason that whites greatly 
outnumber Negroes. According to the 1930 decennial census, there 
were, exclusive of those under 15 years of age, 8,041,014 Negroes, 
13,069,192 foreign-born whites, and 64,365,193 native whites in the 
United States. (Similar figures based on the 1940 decennial census 
are not yet available.) 



162 

Of each 100,000 Negroes in the general population of the United 
States, 1,410 were arrested and fingerprinted during the first 9 months 
of 1941. The corresponding figure for native whites was 485 and for 
foreign-born whites, 159. The relationship between the three figures 
will vary considerably for individual types of violations. 

The preceding figures for native whites include the immediate 
descendants of foreign-born individuals as information is not available 
on fingerprint records showing the parentage of native whites. 



OFFENSE CLASSIFICATIONS 

In order to indicate more clearly the types of offenses included in part I and 
part II offenses, there follows a brief definition of each classification: 

Part I Offenses. 

1. Criminal homicide. — (a) Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter includes all 
wilful felonious homicides as distinguished from deaths caused by negligence. 
Does not include attempts to kill, assaults to kill, suicides, accidental deaths, or 
justifiable homicides. Justifiable homicides excluded from this classification are 
limited to the following types of cases: (1) The killing of a felon by a peace officer 
in line of duty; (2) the killing of a hold-up man by a private citizen, (b) Man- 
slaughter by negligence includes any death which the police investigation estab- 
lishes was primarily attributable to gross negligence on the part of some individual 
other than the victim. 

2. Rape. — Includes forcible rape, statutory rape (no force used — victim under 
age of consent), assault to rape, and attempted rape. 

3. Robbery. — Includes stealing or taking anything of value from the person by 
force or violence or by putting in fear, such as strong-arm robbery, stick-ups, 
robbery armed. Includes assault to rob and attempt to rob. 

4. Aggravated assaidt. — Includes assault with intent to kill; assault by shooting, 
cutting, stabbing, maiming, poisoning, scalding, or by the use of acids. Does not 
include simple assault, assault and battery, fighting, etc. 

5. Burglary — breaking or entering. — Includes burglary, housebreaking, safe- 
cracking, or any unlawful entry to commit a felony or a theft, even though no force 
was used to gain entrance. Includes attempted burglary. Burglary followed by 
larceny is included in this classification and not counted again as larceny. 

6. Larceny — theft (except auto theft). — (a) Fifty dollars and over in value; 
(6) under $50 in value — includes in one of the above subclassifications, depending 
upon the value of the property stolen, thefts of bicycles, automobile accessories, 
shoplifting, pocket-picking, or any stealing of property or article of value which 
is not taken by force and violence or by fraud. Does not include embezzlement, 
"con" games, forgery, worthless checks, etc. 

7. Auto theft. — Includes all cases where a motor vehicle is stolen or driven 
away and abandoned, including the so-called joy-riding thefts. Does not include 
taking for temporary use when actually returned by the taker, or unauthorized use 
by those having lawful access to the vehicle. 

Part II Offenses. 

8. Other assaults. — Includes all assaults and attempted assaults which are not 
of an aggravated nature and which do not belong in class 4. 

9. Forgery and counterfeiting. — Includes offenses dealing with the making, 
altering, uttering, or possessing, with intent to defraud, anything false which is 
made to appear true. Includes attempts. 

10. Embezzlement and fraud. — Includes all offenses of fraudulent conversion, 
embezzlement, and obtaining money or property by false pretenses. 

11. Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing. — Includes buying, receiving, 
and possessing stolen property as well as attempts to commit any of those offenses. 

(163) 



164 

12. Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. — Includes all violations of regulations 
or statutes controlling the carrying, using, possessing, furnishing, and manufactur- 
ing of deadly weapons or silencers and all attempts to violate such statutes or 
regulations. 

13. Prostitution and commercialized vice. — Includes sex offenses of a commercial- 
ized nature, or attempts to commit the same, such as prostitution, keeping bawdy 
house, procuring, transporting, or detaining women for immoral purposes. 

14. Sex offenses (except rape and prostitution and commercialized vice). — In- 
cludes offense's againsi chastity, common decency, morals, and the like. Includes 
attempts. 

15. Offenses against the family and children. — Includes offenses of nonsupport, 
neglect, desertion, or abuse of family and children. 

16. Narcotic drug laws. — Includes offenses relating to narcotic drugs, such as 
unlawful possession, sale, or use. Exclude Federal offenses. 

17. Liquor laws. — With the exception of "Drunkenness" (class 18) and "Driving 
while intoxicated" (class 22), liquor law violations, State or local, are placed in 
this class. Exclude Federal violations. 

18. Drunkenness. — Includes all offenses of drunkenness or intoxication. 

19. Disorderly conduct. — Includes all charges of committing a breach of the 
peace. 

20. Vagrancy. — Includes such offenses as vagabondage, begging, loitering, etc. 

21. Gambling. — Includes offenses of promoting, permitting, or engaging in 
gambling. 

22. Driving while intoxicated. — Includes driving or operating any motor vehicle 
while drunk or under the influence of liquor or narcotics. 

23. Violation of road and driving laws. — Includes violations of regulations with 
respect to the proper handling of a motor vehicle to prevent accidents. 

24. Parking violations. — Includes violations of parking ordinances. 

25. Other violations of traffic and motor vehicle laws. — Includes violations of 
State laws and municipal ordinances with regard to traffic and motor vehicles 
not otherwise provided for in classes 22-24. 

26. All other offenses. — Includes all violations of State or local laws for which 
no provision has been made above in classes 1-25. 

27. Suspicion. — This classification includes all persons arrested as suspicious 
characters, but not in connection with any specific offense, who are released with- 
out formal charges being placed against them. 

o 



UN I FORM 

CRIME 
REPORTS 



FOR THE UNITED STATES 
AND ITS POSSESSIONS 




ISSUED BY THE 

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 

WASHINGTON, D. C 



Volume XII Number 4 

FOURTH QUARTERLY BULLETIN, I94J 



UNIFORM 
CRIME REPORTS 

FOR THE UNITED STATES 
AND ITS POSSESSIONS 



Volume XII — Number 4 
FOURTH QUARTERLY BULLETIN, 1941 



Issued by the 

Federal Bureau of Investigation 

United States Department of Justice 

Washington, D. C. 




ADVISORY 



International Association of Chiefs of Police 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1942 



CNDENT OF DOCW 

MAR 12 1942 



CONTENTS 

Page 

Summary of volume XII, No. 4 165-169 

Classification of offenses 170 

Extent of reporting area 170-171 

Monthly reports: 

Offenses known to the police — cities divided according to popula- 
tion (table 75) 172-173 

Monthly trends, offenses known to the police, 1941 (table 76) 174-176 

Offenses known to the police — cities divided according to location 

(tables 77-79) 177-182 

Offenses in individual cities over 25,000 in population (table 80) " 183-190 

Offenses known to sheriffs and State police (tables 81-82) 191 

Offenses known in Territories and possessions (table 83) 192 

Data from supplementary offense reports (tables 84-87) 193-198 

Traffic deaths and offenses of manslaughter by negligence (table 88). 199-200 
Estimated number of major crimes, 1940-41 (table 89) 201 

Data compiled from fingerprint cards, 1941: 

Sex distribution of persons arrested (table 90) 202-203 

Age distribution of persons arrested (tables 91-93) 204-207 

Number with records showing previous convictions (table 94) 207-208 

Race distribution of persons arrested (table 95) 209 

Definition of part I and part II offense classifications 210-211 

Index to volume XII 212-213 

(ii) 



UNIFORM CRIME REPORTS 

J. Edgar Hoover, Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation, U. S. Department of 
Justice, Washington, D. C. 

Volume XII January 1942 Number 4 

SUMMARY 

Estimated Number of Major Crimes, 1940-41. 

The estimated number of major crimes in the United States during 
1941 was 1,531,272, an increase of 14,246 (0.9 percent) over 1940. 

Murder increased 0.3 percent; negligent manslaughter, 3.5 percent; 
rape, 2.2 percent ; aggravated assault, 4.0 percent ; larceny, 1.9 percent; 
and auto theft, 7.0 percent. Robbery decreased 6.7 percent and 
burglary, 4.4 percent. 

Crime Rates. 

Average figures for cities divided according to size disclose several 
exceptions to the general proposition that the larger cities have the 
highest crime rates. Cities with 50,000 to 100,000 inhabitants 
reported more crimes of murder, aggravated assault, and larceny per 
unit of population than the average city with more than 250,000 
inhabitants. 

During 1941, the average city with population of 50,000 to 100,000 
experienced increases in all crime classes except burglary. With all 
cities divided into six groups on the basis of size, the number of auto 
thefts per unit of population showed an increase in each of the six 
groups. 

With cities divided according to location, the 1941 crime record 
shows burglaries, larcenies, and auto thefts committed most frequently, 
in proportion to population, in the Pacific States, whereas robberies, 
aggravated assaults, and murders occurred most frequently in the East 
South Central States. For auto theft, all sections of the country 
showed increases in 1941 except the West North Central States, which 
showed a decrease despite the Nation-wide average increase of 7.0 
percent. These variations are a reflection of the truth that the extent 
of crime in a community, like other social phenomena, is determined 
by many factors. 

(165) 



166 

Monthly Variations in Crimes. 

Crime varies with the seasons, but offenses against the person 
generally show opposite seasonal trends to those reflected by crimes 
against property. 

For offenses against the person the highest daily crime average was 
seen in the third quarter of 1941, with July the peak month for murder, 
August the peak month for aggravated assault, and the highest number 
of rapes in September. In the case of negligent manslaughter, how- 
ever, the fourth quarter of 1941 was predominant, with December the 
peak month. 

Robberies and burglaries were most frequent during the first and 
fourth quarters of 1941, with the highest daily average in December. 
In each quarter of 1941 the larceny record was higher than in the pre- 
ceding period, with November the peak month. The largest number 
of auto thefts occurred in the third and fourth quarters of the year, 
with the highest frequency in December. 

The many factors contributing to the commission of crimes are 
subject to constant change, especially in time of war, because of the 
numerous and rapid modifications occurring in the social and economic 
features of many communities. For this reason an increasing number 
of law-enforcement agencies carefully study monthly, weekly, daily, 
hourly, yearly, and geographical variations in the occurrence of crime 
within their jurisdiction, in order to more efficiently plan and execute 
a preventive and remedial program. 

The general upward trend shown by the monthly auto theft figures 
for 1941 indicates the possibility of a continued increase in auto thefts 
during 1942. 

Distribution of Crimes by Type. 

More than 59 percent of the crimes committed in 1941 were lar- 
cenies; 21 percent were burglaries; 11.9 percent were auto thefts; 
and 3.1 percent were robberies. Thus it is seen that almost 96 per- 
cent of the offenses were for the purpose of obtaining property. Mur- 
ders, negligent manslaughters, rapes, and other felonious assaults 
constituted the remaining 4.3 percent. 

More than 58 percent of the robbery cases were classed as highway 
robberies; 33.9 percent of the robberies involved oil stations, chain 
stores, and other commercial houses. Almost half of the burglaries 
in 1941 involved residences. Two-thirds of the residence burglaries 
occurred at night, whereas 90 percent of nonresidence burglaries were 
committed during the night. 

Thefts of auto parts, accessories, and other property from automo- 
biles constituted 36 percent of the total larcenies in 1941, and in view 
of the probable difficulty of obtaining replacements, automobile 
ow r ners might well make additional provisions to safeguard their 



167 

property. In 67.2 percent of the larcenies, the stolen property was 
valued from $5 to $50; in 22.3 percent of the cases the property was 
valued at less than $5; and property valued in excess of $50 was stolen 
in 10.5 percent of the cases. 

The average value of property stolen per offense of robbery was 
$112.37; for burglary, $60.56; and for larceny, $29.84. The average 
automobile stolen in 1941 was valued at $458. In auto thefts, re- 
coveries were effected in 95 percent of the cases, whereas slightly less 
than 22 percent of other types of property was recovered. The 
average value of property stolen per offense was higher in 1941 than 
in 1940. 

Persons Arrested. 

During 1941 the FBI examined 630,568 fingerprint arrest records. 
Age 19 predominated in the frequency of arrests and was followed in 
this respect by ages 18, 21, 20, and 23 in the order indicated. The 
records revealed that 33.0 percent of all robberies, 46.6 percent of 
burglaries, 33.3 percent of larcenies, and 57.6 percent of auto thefts 
were committed by youths under 21 years of age. 

Women were represented by 9.2 percent of the total records. The 
corresponding figure for prior years was: 1940 — 8.5 percent, 1939 — 
7.6 percent, 1938—6.8 percent, 

The scope of the problem of the criminal repeater was again shown 
by the figures reflecting that 213,027 of the total of 630,568 persons 
represented had records showing 238,937 prior convictions of major 
crimes and 391,975 convictions of less serious violations, a total of 
630,912 prior convictions. Fifty-one persons were arrested for 
criminal homicide during 1941 whose records showed prior con- 
victions of murder or manslaughter. 



168 




109 







170 



CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENSES 

The term "offenses known to the police" is designed to include those 
crimes designated as part I classes of the uniform classification occur- 
ring within the police jurisdiction, whether they become known to the 
police through reports of police officers, of citizens, of prosecuting or 
court officials, or otherwise. They are confined to the following group 
of seven classes of grave offenses, shown by experience to be those 
most generally and completely reported to the police: Criminal homi- 
cide, including (a) murder, nonnegligent manslaughter, and (6) man- 
slaughter by negligence; rape; robbery; aggravated assault; burglary- 
breaking or entering; larceny — theft; and auto theft. The figures 
contained herein include also the number of attempted crimes of the 
designated classes. In other words, an attempted burglary or robbery, 
for example, is reported in the bulletin in the same manner as if the 
crime had been completed. Attempted murders, however, are 
reported as aggravated assaults. 

"Offenses known to the police" include, therefore, all of the above 
offenses, including attempts, which are reported by the law-enforce- 
ment agencies of contributing communities and not merely arrests or 
cleared cases. Complaints which upon investigation are learned to be 
groundless are not included in the tabulations which follow. 

In publishing the data sent in by chiefs of police in different cities, 
the FBI does not vouch for their accuracy. They are given out as 
current information which may throw some light on problems of 
crime and criminal-law enforcement. 

In compiling the tables, returns which were apparently incomplete 
or otherwise defective were excluded. 

In the last section of this bulletin may be found brief definitions of 
part I and part II offense classifications. 

EXTENT OF REPORTING AREA 

In the table which follows, there is shown the number of police 
departments from which one or more crime reports were received 
during the calendar year 1941. Information is presented for the cit ies 
divided according to size, and the population figures employed are 
from the 1 940 decennial census. 



Population group 


Total 
number 
of cities 
or towns 


Cities filing returns 


Total 
population 


Population repre- 
sented in returns 


Number 


Percent 


Number 


Percent 


Total 


1,077 


1,026 


95.3 


62,715,897 


61,826,111 


98.6 






1. Cities over 250,000.. .. 


37 

55 

107 

213 

665 


37 

55 

106 

209 

619 


100. 
100. 
99.1 
98.1 
93.1 


30, 195. 339 
7,792,650 
7,343,917 
7,417,093 
9,966,898 


30, 195, 339 
7, 792, 650 
7,264,719 
7. 25S, 022 
9, 315, 381 


100.0 


2. Cities 100,000 to 250,000-- . 


100.0 


3 Cities 50,000 to 100,000.- 


98.9 


4 Cities 25,0011 to 50,000.. . 


'.17. 9 


5 Cities 10,000 to 25,000 


93. 5 







Note.— The above table does not include 1,962 cities, villages, and rural townships aggregating a total 
population of 9,906,324. The cities and villages included in this figure are those of less than 10,000 population 
filing returns, whereas the rural townships are of varying population groups. 



171 

The growth in the crime-reporting area is evidenced by the following 
figures for 1930-41: 



1930 
1931 
1932 
1933 
1934 
1935 



Xumher of 
cities 



1, 127 
1,511 
1,578 
1,658 
1,799 
2,156 



Population 



45, 929, 965 
51, 145,734 
53. 212,23(1 
62. 357, 262 
(i2. 757. 643 
64, 615, 330 



Year 



1936 
1937 
1938 
1939 
1940 
1941 



Xumher of 
cities 



2,318 
■J. 129 
2,662 
2,698 
2,747 

2, HNS 



Population 



65, 639, 430 

66, 279, 987 

67, 555, 972 
67, 964, 488 

70, 563, 340 

71, 732, 435 



The foregoing comparison shows that during 1941 there was an 
increase of 241 cities contributing as compared with 1940. The 
increase in the population represented by contributing police depart- 
ments amounted to 1,169,095. 

In addition to the 2,988 city and village police departments which 
forwarded crime reports during 1941, one or more reports were 
received during that year from 1 ,897 sheriffs and State Police organi- 
zations, and from 13 agencies in Territories and possessions of the 
United States. This makes a grand total of 4,898 agencies contribut- 
ing crime reports during 1941. The corresponding figure for 1940 
was 4,369. 



444555 °— 42- 



172 



MONTHLY REPORTS 

Offenses Known to the Police — Cities Divided According to Population. 

The crime record for 1941 disclosed several exceptions to the general 
proposition that the larger cities have the highest crime rates. As in 
prior years, cities with 50,000 to 100,000 inhabitants reported the 
largest number of aggravated assaults per unit of population but 
the excess of such figures over the rates for cities with more than 
100,000 inhabitants was considerably greater than in 1940. In addi- 
tion, the murder and larceny rates for cities with 50,000 to 100,000 
inhabitants were higher than those for cities over 250,000 in popula- 
tion, the excess in the murder classification being quite substantial. 

The number of offenses reported and the rate per 100,000 inhabitants 
for all population groups are presented in table 75. The table is 
based on reports from 2,109 cities with a combined population of 
65,815,613. The cities have been divided into six groups according 
to size, in order that interested individuals may compare local crime 
rates with national averages for cities of approximately the same size. 
Table 79 lists similar figures divided further on a regional basis. 

In comparing the data in table 75 with the similar compilation for 
1940 (see vol. XI, No. 4, p. 161), it is seen that group I cities experi- 
enced increases in rape, aggravated assault, and auto theft during 
1941. Group II cities showed increases in murder, negligent man- 
slaughter, rape, aggravated assault, and auto theft. Group III cities 
had increases in all types of crimes except burglary. In group IV 
cities increases were experienced in murder, negligent manslaughter, 
aggravated assault, larceny, and auto theft. For group V cities the 
record reveals increases in negligent manslaughter, rape, aggravated 
assault, larceny, and auto theft, and for group VI cities in negligent 
manslaughter, larceny, and auto theft. 

It will be noted that on the average cities of all sizes showed de- 
creases in burglary during 1941, and cities of all sizes except group 
III showed decreases in robbery. On the other hand, cities of all 
sizes showed increases in auto theft during 1941; cities of all sizes 
except group VI showed increases in aggravated assault; and all 
cities except group I showed increases in negligent manslaughter. 

The cities represented in table 75 reported last year 6,595 criminal 
homicides, 6,041 rapes, and 31,845 other felonious assaults. Although 
the figures for the foregoing crimes are large, they constitute only 4.3 
percent of the total crimes reported. The following tabulation indi- 
cates the percentage distribution of the crimes for 1941: 



Offense 


Rate per 

100.000 


Percent 


Offense 


Rate per 
100,000 


Percent 


Total 


1,581.5 


100. 




49.4 

48.4 

9.2 

5.5 

4.5 


3.1 




A guravated assault - 


3 1 


Larceny 


'ill n 
332. 
188.5 


59.7 
21.0 
11.9 


.6 


Murder 

Manslaughter. . 


.3 




.3 











173 



Although only 3.1 percent of the crimes reported were robberies, 
the cities represented in table 75 reported 32,521 such offenses (thefts 
from the person accompanied by the element of force or threat of 
force). 

The estimated total of serious crimes committed in the United 
States last year is presented in table 89. 

Table 75. — Offenses known to the police, January to December, inclusive, 1941; 
number and rate per 100,000 inhabitants, by population groups 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Population group 



GROUP I 

36 cities over 250,000: total popula- 
tion, 29,894,166: 
Number of offenses known. . 
Rate per 100.000.. 



55 cities, 1110,000 to 250,000; total 
population, 7,792,650: 
Number of offenses known 
Rate per 100,000. .. 



GROUP III 

lis cities, 50,000 to 100,000: total pop- 
ulation, 6,788,991: 
Number of offenses known . 
Hate per 100,000 

GROUP IV 

198 cit ics, 25,000 to 50,000; total pop- 
ulation, 6,883,125: 

Number of offenses known 

Kate per 100.000 



GROUP V 

539 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; total 
population, 8,176,562: 

Number of offenses known 

Kate per 100,000 



GROUP VI 



1,183 cities under 10,000; total popu- 
lation, 6,280,119: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 



TOT A I., GROUPS I-VI 

2, 109 cities; total population, 65,815,- 
613: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 



Criminal homi- 
cide 



Murder, 

nonneg- 

ligent 

man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



1,763 
5.90 



560 
7.19 



482 
7.10 



294 
4.27 



304 
3.72 



202 
3.22 



3, 605 
5.48 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



1,524 
5. 10 



356 

5.24 



290 
4.21 



209 
2.56 



159 
2. 53 



Rape 



3,446 
11.53 



7.80 



563 

8.29 



393 
5.71 



574 
7.02 



457 
7.28 



6,041 
9.18 





Aggra- 


Rob- 


vated 


bery 


as- 




sault 


20, 853 


15, 486 


69.8 


51.8 


3,784 


4,596 


48.6 


59.0 


2,874 


4,879 


42.3 


71.9 


2,017 


2,772 


29.3 


40.3 


1,783 


2,638 


21.8 


32.3 


1.210 


1,474 


19.3 


23.5 


32, 521 


31,845 


49.4 


48.4 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 
or en- 
tering 



i 77, 622 
378. 5 



31,358 
402.4 



24, 434 
359.9 



20, 710 
300.9 



20, 247 

247.6 



12.994 
206.9 



Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 



210,883 
1028. 3 



82, 910 
1064. 



72, 756 
1071. " 



67, 741 
984.2 



63, 092 

771. ('. 



35, 297 
562. 



1 187, 365 
332. 



i 532, 679 
944.0 



Auto 
theft 



64, 452 
215.6 



17, 330 
222.4 



13, 134 
193.5 



11,975 
174.0 



10, 847 
132.7 



6. 296 
LOO. 3 



124, 034 
188.5 



1 The number of offenses and rate for burglary and larceny-theft are based on reports as follows: Group I, 
34 cities, total population, 20,507,837; groups I-VI, 2,107 cities, total population, 56,429,284. 






174 

Monthly Trends, Offenses Known to the Police (Daily Average), 1941. 

The seasonal variations reflected by the 1941 crime record were 
generally similar to those in 1940. Crimes against the person in most 
instances show opposite seasonal trends to those reflected by crimes 
against property, according to the monthly reports received during 
1941 from 387 cities in the United States with over 25,000 inhabitants. 

With reference to offenses against the person, the highest daily 
crime average was seen in the third quarter of 1941, with July the 
peak month for murder, August the peak month for aggravated 
assault, and the highest number of rapes in September. In the case 
of negligent manslaughters, however, the fourth quarter of 1941 was 
predominant, with December the peak month. 

This variation in the record for negligent manslaughters is quite 
similar to the record for prior years, and this is to be expected, inas- 
much as the frequency of automobile fatalities has generally been high 
during the fourth quarter of the year as the result of less favorable 
driving conditions. The large majority of negligent manslaughters 
consists of automobile fatalities. 

As previously indicated, the 1941 seasonal variations were generally 
the same as those in 1940, but in 1941 the seasonal fluctuations were 
more marked in crimes against the person, with greater differences 
between the months showing the lowest and highest daily averages. 
This is especially true of negligent manslaughter. 

Robberies and burglaries were most frequent during the first and 
fourth quarters of 1941, with the highest daily average in December. 
The seasonal variation in robberies and burglaries was more marked 
in 1941 than in 1940, with a greater range between the highest and 
lowest months. The larceny record for 1941 followed quite closely the 
general pattern observed in 1940, with each quarter of the year show- 
ing a higher daily average than the preceding one. The peak month 
in larcenies in 1941 was November. It may be noted that in years 
prior to 1940 the monthly variation in larceny figures was generally 
such as to indicate low points in the second and third quarters of the 
year. 

The auto theft record for 1941 disclosed the highest number of such 
crimes in the third and fourth quarters of the year with peak frequency 
occurring in December. The second quarter of the year witnessed the 
lowest daily average of such crimes. 



175 

In reviewing the data in table 76, it is seen that the fourth quarter 
of 1941 witnessed the highest daily average of negligent manslaugh- 
ters, robberies, larcenies, and auto thefts, and that December was the 
predominant month in the number of negligent manslaughters, rob- 
beries, burglaries, and auto thefts. 

The foregoing facts point to the need for each law-enforcement 
agency to compile and study its own figures regarding monthly, 
weekly, daily, yearly, and geographical variations in the occurrence 
of crime within its jurisdiction. The many forces contributing to the 
commission of crimes are not static, but are, on the other hand, subject 
to constant change, with the result that those charged with the respon- 
sibility of combating crime must persistently study its various mani- 
festations in order to more efficiently carry out a preventive and 
remedial program. This is especially true in time of war because of 
the numerous and rapid modifications occurring in the social and eco- 
nomic features of many communities. It may be noted that an in- 
creasing number of police departments regularly prepare and use the 
types of tabulations mentioned for the purposes indicated. 

Auto thefts, which increased 7.0 percent in 1941, are likely to con- 
tinue to increase in 1942, unless owners take greater precautions 
against thefts. This likelihood of an increased number of auto thefts 
in 1942 is indicated by the monthly trends seen in table 76, coupled 
with the discontinuance of automobile manufacture. 

Similarly, larcenies which increased 1.9 percent in 1941 also are 
likely to continue to increase in 1942. 

The analysis presented in table 84 of this bulletin indicates that 
17.9 percent of all larcenies in 1941 were thefts of automobile acces- 
sories, whereas the corresponding figure in 1940 was 14.2 percent. 
This classification includes, of course, automobile tires, and there is 
an obvious danger of increased thefts of automobile tires as well as 
other parts and accessories, because of the restricted supply of these 
materials as the result of war conditions. 

With reference to the robbery classification, it was noted that the 
highest frequency of such crimes occurred in the fourth quarter of 
1941. A similar condition existed in the robbery figures for 1940. 
Yet the robbery total for 1941 showed a 6.7 percent decrease as com- 
pared with 1940. From this it appears that the high frequency of 
robbery in the fourth quarter of 1941 should not necessarily be taken 
as an indication that this type of crime will tend to increase in 1942. 



176 

Table 76. — Monthly trends, offenses known to the -police {daily average), January 
to December, inclusive, 1941, 387 cities over 25,000 in population 

[Total population, 51,358,932, based on 1940 decennial census] 



Month 



Criminal homi- 
cide 



Murder 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



Rape 



Rob- 
bery 



Aggra- 
vated 

as- 
sault 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



Lar- 
ceny — 
theft 



Auto 
theft 



January . 

February 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September 

October 

November- - 
December 

January to March 

April to June 

July to September - 
October to December 
January to December 



8.52 
8.71 
7.55 
8.40 
7.90 
8.63 
9.48 
8.94 
9.10 
7.39 
8.73 
8.58 



7.68 
6.82 
5.84 
5.80 
6.03 
6.30 
6. 16 
6.16 
7.40 
8.35 
9.07 
10. 55 



12.19 
13.43 
13.19 
13.27 
13.84 
14.53 
14.23 
14.32 
16. 67 
14.29 
13.07 
11.74 



90.5 
93.8 
83.4 
76.3 
61.8 
68.5 
69.2 
73.8 
71.6 
83.0 
93.0 
106. 7 



60. 1 
69.9 
64.3 
78.9 
76.5 
82.1 
85.9 
91.7 
81.5 
71.3 
75.6 
73.8 



430. 6 
453. 3 
452.1 
419.0 
379.4 
386.7 
400. 5 
414. 1 
4 Hi. 1 
416. 5 
433. 6 
467. 2 



8.24 
8.31 
9.17 
8.23 
8.49 



6.78 
6.04 
6. 57 
9.33 
7.18 



12.92 
13.88 
15.05 
13.03 
13.73 



71.5 
94.2 



64.6 
79.2 
86.4 
73.6 
76.0 



445. 1 
394.8 
410. 2 
439. 1 
422.3 



1,128.6 
1, 145. 2 
1. 138. 3 
1, 186. 3 
1.129. 1 
1,118. 1 
1, 128. 5 
1. 180.9 
1. 20S. 2 
1,290.6 
1, 322. 3 
1.299.9 



1. 137. 1 
1. 144.4 
1, 172. 1 
1,304.1 
1. 189.8 



281.1 
283.9 
290.5 
279.6 
266. 8 
266. 8 
274.1 
292.5 
299. 7 
318.5 
329.2 
330. 7 



285.2 
271.0 
288. 7 

321,. 1 
292. 9 



177 

Offenses Known to the Police — Cities Divided According to Location. 

The amount of crime and the predominant types of crime vary sub- 
stantially among cities, States, and other regional divisions. Bur- 
glaries, larcenies, and auto thefts, for example, are most frequently 
committed on the average in the States comprising the Pacific divi- 
sion, whereas robberies, aggravated assaults, and murders are highest 
in frequency in the States comprising the East South Central division. 
Furthermore, there is a considerable amount of variation in the crime 
rates of individual States located in the same geographical division. 

The irregular distribution of crime among the various portions of 
the United States is not surprising, since it is well recognized that the 
frequency of crimes, as well as other social phenomena such as births, 
deaths, diseases, marriages, divorces, automobile accidents, etc., is 
affected by a large variety of factors. For a list of some of the factors 
affecting the extent of crime, reference may be made to the text 
preceding table 80. 

State and regional crime averages are presented in tables 78 and 79 
so that local officials and other interested individuals may compare 
them with local data. The number of cities represented in the State 
and regional averages is shown in table 77. 

The States represented in each geographic division in table 79 are, 
of course, the same as indicated in table 78. The population groups 
shown in table 79 are the same as those shown in table 75, but are set 
out here again for convenience: Group I. Over 250,000 inhabitants; 
Group II. 100,000 to 250,000; Group III. 50,000 to 100,000; Group 
IV. 25,000 to 50,000; Group V. 10,000 to 25,000; Group VI. Under 
10,000. 

For the Nation as a whole, robbery decreased 6.7 percent, and 
burglary 4.4 percent during 1941 as compared with 1940. In com- 
paring the 1941 crime rates for geographic divisions as presented in 
table 78 with the similar tabulation for 1940 (see vol. XI, No. 4, p. 175) 
it is observed that robbery and burglary decreased in each geographic 
division with the exception of the West South Central and Mountain 
groups. Auto theft, which increased 7.0 percent in the Nation as a 
whole, showed an increase in each geographic division with the excep- 
tion of the West North Central group. Larceny increased 1.9 percent 
throughout the Nation as a whole, but the New England, East North 
Central, West North Central, and West South Central divisions 
showed decreases in this type of crime. Similarly, aggravated assault, 
which increased 4.0 percent nationally, showed decreases in the New 
England and East South Central divisions. The Nation-wide murder 
increase amounted to less than 1 percent, and the Middle Atlantic, 
East South Central, and Pacific divisions showed decreases in this 
type of crime during 1941. 



178 



Table 77. — Number of cities in each State included in the tabulation of uniform 
crime reports, January to December, inclusive, 1941 





Population 




Division and State 


Over 

250,000 


100,000 

to 
250,000 


50,000 

to 

100,000 

10 

18 

23 

s 

17 
4 
9 

2 

7 


25M00 

to 
50,000 


10,000 

to 
25,000 


Less 

than 
10,000 


Tptal 


GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION 

New England: 178 cities; total population, 
5,642,443 


2 
6 
8 
4 
3 
3 
4 

1 

5 


10 

11 

10 

5 

7 

3 

3 

1 
5 


30 
36 

58 

12 

18 

8 

12 

7 
17 


65 

130 

118 

60 

44 

20 

36 

24 
42 


61 

302 

301 

166 

87 

33 

59 

58 
116 


178 


Middle Atlantic: 503 cities; total population, 
18,976,937 


503 


East North Central: 518 cities; total popu- 
lation, 16,409,264 


518 


West North Central: 255 cities; total popu- 
lation, 5,380,105 


255 


South Atlantic: ' 176 cities; total population, 
5,641,190 


176 


East South Central: 71 cities; total popula- 
tion, 2,297,756 


71 


West South Central: 123 cities; total popu- 
lation, 3,879,211 


123 


Mountain: 93 cities; total population, 1,485,- 
351 

Pacific: 192 cities; total population, 6,103,356 


93 

192 


New England: 






1 

1 


2 

1 

1 

12 

6 
8 

10 
14 
12 

13 
10 
14 
8 
13 

1 
6 
2 

1 
1 

1 


6 
3 
1 
42 
6 
7 

48 
32 
50 

31 
14 
33 
23 

17 

11 
7 

14 
3 
5 
7 

13 


8 
5 
9 
30 
3 
6 

102 
69 
131 

77 
37 
93 
57 
37 

50 

38 

18 

6 

17 
30 


17 








10 








11 


Massachusetts 


1 

1 


7 

3 

4 
4 
3 

4 
3 
1 
2 

1 

1 


5 
1 
2 

6 
4 
8 

4 
4 
7 
6 
2 

4 
2 


97 


Rhode Island 


17 




26 


Middle Atlantic: 

New York ______ 


3 
1 
2 

4 

1 
1 

1 
1 

2 


173 


New Jersev 


124 


Pennsylvania _ __ ... 


206 


East North Central: 

Ohio 


133 


Indiana _ ___ _ _ _ 


69 


Illinois _ ___ _ _ 


149 


Michigan 


97 


Wisconsin __ 


70 


West North Central: 

Minnesota _ 


65 




56 


Missouri _____ 


2 


38 




10 










13 






1 
2 


1 
1 


26 


Kansas _ __ 




17 


South Atlantic: 


1 


1 




1 








3 

6 
18 

9 
17 
10 

8 
16 

11 
10 
9 
3 

15 

17 
20 

6 

11 
3 

13 
8 
8 
6 
3 

18 
16 

82 


4 




1 




2 

5 
1 
4 
2 
I 
3 

4 

1 
2 

1 

1 
3 
2 
6 

2 

1 


4 
6 
4 

13 
4 

6 

5 
3 
3 

9 

3 
3 

13 

17 

3 
6 
4 
5 
3 

2 

1 

5 

30 


13 




2 


3 

3 
4 
2 
4 
1 

1 

2 

1 

1 
1 

7 


34 






17 






1 


39 






18 


Georgia _ _ __ _ 


1 


3 
3 


21 


Florida, _ _____ 


29 


East South Central: 

Kentucky.-- ._----_ 


1 
1 
1 


22 


Tennessee __--..-. 


18 


Alabama. __ _ _ __ 


17 




14 


West South Central: 






20 




1 


2 
1 


15 




34 


Texas 

Mountain: 


3 


54 
11 










18 










7 




1 




1 


1 
1 
1 
1 


21 




12 








1 


10 


Utah 




1 


10 






4 


Pacific: 


1 
1 
3 


2 
3 


7 


3 
1 
13 


31 




23 


California _ 


138 



1 Includes District of Columbia. 



179 




444555' 12 



180 



Table 78. 



Number of offenses known to the police per 100,000 inhabitants. January 
to December, inclusive, 1941, by States 

[Based on 1940 decennial census] 



Division and State 


Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary- 
breaking or 
entering 


Larcenv— 

theft 


Auto 

theft 


GEOGRAPHIC r>i VISION 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 


1.68 
2.93 
4.19 
3.46 
16.31 
18.98 
12.19 
3.97 
3. 16 


12.9 
22.4 
76. 7 
30.6 
69.9 
81.6 
53.8 
47. 1 
77.2 


Ki. '.' 
32.8 
34.5 
21.2 
151.0 
169. 3 
96.0 
21.2 
29.5 


253. 1 
' 223. 1 
306.9 
258.6 
422.2 
470.6 
417.5 
408.9 
499.9 


565. 8 
i 479. 6 
889.0 
835.7 
1.235.8 
1,033.0 
1.305. 8 
1,516.4 
1, 593. 9 


180.3 
150.9 
153. 1 

13(1.8 
262. 8 




'.'14.8 


West South Central -- 


180.6 




212.3 




373.9 


New England: 


2.04 
2.21 
5.00 
1.57 
.95 
1.99 

2.88 
2.28 
3.38 

4.81 
3.38 
5.05 
3.73 
1.32 

1.65 

1. 52 
6.39 
2.47 


12.3 
1.1 

9.0 
15.0 

8.8 
11.4 

14.7 
26.9 

35. 9 

56.7 
64.0 
112. 1 

81.7 
10. 5 

18.0 
16. 1 
52.0 
11.5 
12.5 
13.8 
39. 1 

45.8 

47. 1 
73. 5 
59.2 
43.6 
70. 1 
86.5 
83. 1 

111.0 
81.9 
62. 1 
53. 4 

81.8 
40.5 
63.4 
52.1 

36.7 
22.3 
32.7 
55.0 
37.1 
84.6 
38.9 
43.4 

52. 2 
82.0 
81.4 


5.5 
7.2 


266.5 
173.1 
149.9 
240.5 
274. 1 
300. 5 

3 153. 4 
274. 1 

4 258. 3 

301.0 
398.7 
288.8 
370. 3 
155.9 

247. 2 
194.3 
296.6 
220.3 
199.8 
190. 8 
340.0 

359.8 
240. (i 
459.3 
299.8 
405. 1 
417.6 
494. 5 
662.1 

535. 3 
402.4 
525.4 
406.9 

409.5 
173.3 
409.4 
509.4 

318.3 
390.2 
333.4 
395.0 
333.5 
515.7 
498.7 
451.6 

521.5 
535.1 
492.2 


795. 2 

488.9 
603. 5 
495. 6 
502. 4 

774. 2 

3 491. 3 

545. 3 

* 422. 5 

967.0 

937. ti 

539.9 

1,405.9 

775. 1 

742. 3 
838. 5 
890. 8 
861. 5 

1,043.8 
571. 2 

1. 020. 6 

1, 167. 8 
789. 6 
1.415.7 
880.5 
1, 007. 7 
1, 365. 4 
1, 544. 5 
1, 544. 2 

l, 178. : 

1, 030. 4 

868. 2 

1.0.54.6 

1,065.6 

640.2 
1, 225. 1 
1,601.9 

1, 227. 
1, 380. 5 
1, 692. 
1, 365. 9 
1.661.3 
2,019. ti 

1, 573. 9 

2, 214. 5 

1,361.4 
1.630. 1 
1. 633. 5 


152.7 




63. 6 


Vermont 

Massachusetts. 

Rhode Island 


75.9 


8.9 
12.9 

15.8 

30.2 
45.2 
32.4 

27.3 
32.9 
37.5 
53.9 

5.5 

7.9 
5.9 
44.0 
5.8 
2.9 
14.6 
20.9 

45.0 
100.3 
199.9 
101.5 
329.8 
215.9 
121.6 
103.7 

138. 5 
197.6 
182.3 
127. 3 

79.6 
90.7 
86.1 
103.1 

20.7 
7.4 
10. 1 
19.7 
64.5 
30.9 
9.3 
20.4 

17.1 
16.1 
33.1 


192.5 
1.54. 3 


Middle Atlantic: 


194.4 
138.9 


New Jersey 


184.7 
159.9 


East North Central: 

Ohio -- - 


137.4 




260. 2 




112.6 




208.4 




106.8 


West North Central: 


137. 6 
165.8 
121.7 




182.5 




108. 


Nebraska 

Kansas 

South Atlantic: 

Delaware 


2.51 
3.66 

7.89 
9.07 
14.53 
8.41 
18.76 
22.00 
31.84 
19.50 

12. 33 
22.06 
22.36 

17.92 

17. 64 
12.46 
6.15 
13.34 

2.67 
2.03 
3.77 
2.72 
8.86 
9.63 
1.22 
15.31 

2.27 
2.06 
3.44 


126.9 
139.7 

213.0 
321.1 




277.1 




161.2 




183.7 




221.5 




287.1 




184.5 


East South Central: 

Kentucky 


293. 1 
199. 1 


Alabama 


194.2 
122.1 


West South Central: 


189.9 




210.9 




151.0 


Mountain: 


177.8 
215.5 




223.4 




210.1 




177.9 




211. 1 




244.1 


Utah - 


220. 6 




482. 2 


Pacific: 


311.2 




284.3 




394.7 







i The rates for burglary and larceny are based on the reports of 501 cities with a total population of 9,590,608. 

- Includes report of District of Columbia. 

3 The rates for burglary and larceny are based on reports of 172 cities. 

* The rates for burglary and larceny are based on reports of 205 cities. 



181 




182 

Table 79. — Number of offenses known to the police per 100,000 inhabitants, January 
to December, inclusive, 1941, by geographic divisions and population groups 

[Based on 1940 decennial census] 



Geographic division and population 
group 



NEW E.M.l AM> 



' Iroup I - 
Group II 
Group III. 
Group IV 
Group V 
Group VI 



Group I 

Group II— 
Group III 
Group IV. 
Group V. 
Group VI 



MlDlil.E ATLANTIC 



EAST NORTH CENTRA! 



Group I - 
Group II 
Group II I _ 
Group IV. 
Group V 
Group VI 



WEST NORTH CENTRA!. 



Group I „ 

Group II 
< rroup III. 

i iron) > IV 
Group V 
Group VI 



SOUTH ATLANTIC 



Group 1 2 - 
Group II. 
Group III 
Group IV 
Group V 
Group VI 



EAST SOUTH CENTRAL 



Group 1 
Group II. 
Group III 
( rroup IV 
Group V 
Group VI 



WEST SOUTH CENTRAL 



Group I... 
i Iroup II - 
Group Ill- 
Group IV 
Group V 
Group VI. 



Group I 
Group II 
Group III 
Group IV 
Group V . 
Group VI. 



MOUNTAIN 



( iroup I 
Group II. 
Group III 
Group IV 
( Iroup V 
Group VI 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
genl man- 
slaughter 



1. 66 
2 50 
1. 16 

1 . 38 
1.09 

2. 2'J 



3.76 
1.67 
2. 84 
1.28 

1 . 49 
1.36 



5.81 
4. 85 
2. 96 
2. 32 
1.81 
1.80 



■1. 44 
2. 19 



14.(111 
1!) 71 



9. 


69 


15. 35 


31 


19 


is 


87 


11 


70 


Hi 


02 


19. 


96 


16 


04 


9. 


16 


11 


89 


1(1 


66 


8 


32 


9 


IS 


2 


79 




67 


11 


06 


4 


47 


2 


02 


5 


93 


3.82 


3 


40 


3 


OS 


3 


26 


1 


34 


1 


39 



26. 7 

18.1 
24.7 
13.2 
15. 1 
10.3 



121.2 
60. 2 

40. 1 
30. 1 
29. 2 

20.2 



45. (I 
34. 8 
21.9 

24. 
17.7 
13.4 



64. 1 
63 6 



41. 5 
38. 7 
36. 3 



51.5 

SO, 1 

73. 2 

50. 3 

29. 9 
26. 3 



76. : ; 
.'.4.0 
9! 
38. 2 
24. 6 
28. 7 



1 1 is. 2 
62. 1 
50 7 
15 3 
;i i 
31.2 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



IS. 4 
13.3 

8.2 

4.4 
7.3 
5.9 



38.8 
32.4 
33. 1 
25. 
19. 6 
12.0 



46.3 
51. 1 
36. 5 
15. 2 

12. 7 
8.2 



36.4 
24.0 



212. 

1(19. 



Burglary- 
breaking or 
entering 



130. 1 


194 s 


111' 


123. 8 


89. 4 


71.4 


97. 9 


107. 2 


147.1 


78. 8 


63. 4 


42.5 


21.1 


13. 3 


31. 5 


21. ! 


11.0 


32. 9 


40. 6 


25. 1 


17.4 


1 2. 2 


11.9 


20. 3 



153. 1 

3S4. 2 

217 7 
is:, 2 
189.3 



300. 2 
239. 9 
250. 7 
213 v 
188. s 
133.6 



332. 
301. 7 
347. 8 
282. 1 
24.'.. 1 
193.7 



301.6 

2S2. 3 
295. 1 
249.8 
214. 7 
162. 1 



37S. 5 
595 s 
431. 7 
430. 4 
335. 6 
301.0 



Lar- 
ceny 
Ihefl 



357. 
777. 4 
0)7.3 
01 7. 3 
447. -1 
378. 9 



524.9 

501 
576. 1 

.•.L'n. 2 
454.0 
323. 4 



929. 
1. 141. 6 
1,004. 1 
925 9 
751. 1 
154. 4 



847. s 

S44. 2 
1. 130. :, 
99S. 3 
896. 3 
161 2 



1. 152. 9 
1 , 587. 3 
1, 107 7 
!, 351 5 
917. 7 
658. 3 



599 7 


1 . 1 76. 9 


472. 6 


1. 133. 5 


17s 1 


1,014. 8 


391 


1. (ISO. 


299, 6 


830. 1 


199. 


343. 5 


451. 1 


1.40S. s 


5 IS. 5 


1,620. 6 


473. 4 


1.418. 6 


314. 7 


1. 406 5 


350 S 


912. 


232. s 


052. 3 


471.4 


1.431. 1 


522.2 


1,578.0 


186 5 


1.053. 1 


420. 5 


1 . 865. ' 


353. 3 


1,695.9 


310 L' 


1.030.4 


:.c,i 9 


1.009. 4 


519. 8 


1. 517. 4 


41(1.9 


1. 843 o 


456. s 


1,806. 5 


337. 5 


1, 157 2 


358. 9 


1,360 S 



Auto 
theft 



i The rales for burglary and larceny are based on the reports of 1 cities. 
2 Includes the District of Columbia. 



183 

Offenses in Individual Cities H ith More Than 25,000 Inhabitants. 

The Dumber of offenses reported as having been committed during 
the calendar year 194] is shown in table 80. The compilation includes 
the reports received from police departments in cities with more than 
25,000 inhabitants according to the 1940 decennial census. Such 
data are included here in order that interested individuals and organi- 
zations may have readily available up-to-date information concerning 
the amount of crime committed in their communities. Police admin- 
ist rators and other interested individuals will probably find it desirable 
to compare the crime rates of their cities with the average rates shown 
in tables 7") and 79 of this publication. In order to determine whether 
ciime has increased or decreased in individual communities reference 
should be made to tables in prior issues of the bulletin showing offenses 
committed in individual cities. 

Caution should be exercised in comparing crime data for individual 
cities, because differences in the figures may be due to a variety of 
factors. The amount of crime committed in a community is not 
solely chargeable to the police but is rather a charge against the 
entire community. The following is a list of some of the factors 
which might affect the amount of crime in a community. 

Population of the city and metropolitan area adjacent thereto. 

The composition of the population with reference particularly 
to age, sex. and race. 

The economic status and activities of the population. 

Climate. 

Educational, recreational, and religious facilities. 

The number of police employees per unit of population. 

The standards governing appointments to the police force. 

The policies of the prosecuting officials and the courts. 

The attitude of the public toward law-enforcement problems. 

The degree of efficiency of the local law-enforcement agency. 
In comparing crime rates it is generally more important to determine 
whether the figures for a given community show increases or decreases 
in the amount of crime committed than to ascertain whether the 
figures are above or below those of some other communitv. 



184 



Table 80.- 



-Number of offenses known to the police, January to Decembei 
1-941. cities over 25,000 in population 



inclusive,, 



[Based on 1940 decennial census! 



City 



Abilene, Tex 

Akron, Ohio 

Alameda, Calif 

Albany, N. Y 

Albuquerque, N. Mex. 



Alexandria, La 
Alexandria, Va _ 
Alhambra, Calif. 
Aliquippa, Pa .. 
Allentown, Pa. . . 



Alton, 111 

Altoona, Pa 

Amarillo, Tex.. . 
Amsterdam, N. Y. 
Anderson, Ind 



Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Anniston, Ala 

Appleton, Wis 

Arlington, Mass... 
Arlington, Va 



Asheville, N. C 

Ashland, Ky 

Atlanta, Ga 

Atlantic City, N. J. 
Auburn, N. Y 



Augusta Qa. 
Aurora, 111 ._ 



Austin, Tex 
Rakersfield, Calif. 
Baltimore, Md . 



Bangor, Maine 
Baton Rouge, La ... 
Battle Creek, Mich. 

Bay City, Mich 

Bayonne, N. J 



Beaumont, Tex. . . 

Belleville, 111 

Belleville, N. J ... 
Bellingham, Wash. 
Belmont, Mass 



Beloit, Wis... 

Belvedere Township, Calif. 

Berkeley, Calif... 

Berwyn, 111.. 

Bethlehem, Pa 



Beverly, Mass 

Beverly Hills, Calif. 
Binghamton, X. Y 
Birmingham, Ala... 
Bloomfield, N. J 



Bloomington, 111.. 
Boise, Idaho 
Boston, Mass. . 
Bridgeport, Conn. 
Bristol, Conn 



Brockton, Mass _ 
Brookline, Mass. . 
Buffalo, N. Y 
Bui-bank, Calif . 
Burlington, Iowa. 



Murder, 
nonncgli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



Robbery 



1 
116 

5 



30 

4 

429 

23 



36 
11 
21 
16 
449 

8 
7 
17 
2 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Burgla- 
ry— 
breaking 

or 
entering 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 

over 



Only 2 months received 

102 868 253 

44 4 

193 47 

144 31 



91 


102 


2 


3 


11 


16 


18 


1 


'.Ml 


108 


33 


138 


in 




4 


20 


15 


7 


15 


19 


11 


12 


29 


13 


2 


1 


23 


2 


6 


6 



175 13 

178 61 

207 24 

93 17 

218 

73 

168 15 

192 72 

42 12 

177 23 



121 66 

Only 1 month received 



397 

3 

344 

87 



35 

10 

158 

4 

997 



43 

87 
143 

237 

37 

2. 253 

203 
32 

295 
92 
503 
133 
2,132 



95 
217 
177 



No reports received 



259 
90 
53 
54 



57 
225 
300 
101 
Only 7 months received 



15 


60 


8 




3 


7 


f, 




?, 




4 


1 


46 


21 


14 


14 


32 


3 



16 


2 


2 


12 


202 


618 


4 


5 


11 


13 


5 


2 


217 


150 


15 


4 


-1 


3 


14 


1 


8 


2 


69 


155 


16 


1 


2 






152 

1,734 

100 

129 

90 

837 

351 

61 

183 
316 
447 
106 
38 



71 

11 

675 

157 

15 

30 
38 
57 
53 
900 

23 
55 
16 
12 



11 
35 

31 

330 

17 

14 
20 
625 
241 



Under 
$50 



1,872 
227 
416 

1, 033 

457 
441 
501 
167 



160 
330 
687 

84 
211 

452 

165 
209 
252 

445 
212 
4,535 
666 
228 

691 

211 
1, 703 

862 
5,887 

280 
351 
585 
619 



624 
161 
103 
157 
130 

315 

184 
844 
173 



112 

281 

582 

1,853 

132 

191 

254 

2. 001 

1,391 



Auto 
theft 



397 
32 

176- 
US 



72 
21 
115 

23; 

73 
115 

18- 
117 



22 
83 

76 

29 

1. 294 

265 

21 

94 
50 
101 

112 
3, 065 

72 
58 
117 
120 



89 
38 
20 
27 
10 

52 

177 
68 
19 



101 

573 
59 

101 

141 
3,217 
360 



14 


138 


24 


56 


283 


73 


65 


296 


9s 


222 


1.419 


680 


9 


S01 


192 


12 


212 


72 



185 



Table 80.- 



-Number of offenses known to the police, January to Decembei 
1941, cities over 25,000 in population — Continued 



inclusive. 



City 



Burlington, VI 
Butte, Mont 
Cambridge, Mass . 
Camden, X. J 
Canton, Ohio 



( Velar Rapids, Iowa 
Centra] Falls, R. I.. 

Charleston, S. C 

Chilliest on, W. Va . 
Charlotte, N. C... 



Chattanooga, Tenn. 

< Ihelsea, Mass 

Chester, Pa . 

Chicago, 111. . 
Chicopee, Mass 



Cicero, 111... 
Cincinnati, Ohio 

Clarksburg, W. Va 

Cleveland, Ohio 
Cleveland Heiehts, Ohio. 



Clifton, N. J 

Clinton, Iowa 
Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Columbia, S. C 

Columbus, Ga 



Columbus, Ohio 

Concord, X. H._ 

Corpus Christi, Tex_. 
Conncil Bluffs, Iowa. 
Covington, Ky .. 



Cranston, R. I 

Cumberland, Md. 

Dallas, Tex 

Danville, 111 

Danville, Va. 



Davenport, Iowa. 

Dayton, Ohio 

1 tear born, Mich. . 

Decatur, 111 

Denver, Colo 



Des Moines, Iowa- 
Detroit, Mich 

Dubuque, Iowa... 

Duluth, Minn 

Durham, N. C 



Kast Chicago, Ind 

East Cleveland) Ohio. 
Easton, Pa 

East Orange, X.J 

East Providence, R. I. 



Kast St. Louis, 111. 
Eau Claire, Wis... 
Elgin, 111 

Elizabeth, N. J... 
Elkhart, Ind 



Elmira, X. Y 
El Paso, Tex. 
Elyria, Ohio. 
Enid, Okla... 
Erie, Pa 



Evanston, 111 
E\ ans\ ille. Ind 
Everett, Mass 
K\ erett, Wash . 
Fall River, Mass. 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 

■ lauL'hter 



16 
10 
22 

41 

1 

1 

228 



Robbery 



1 
35 

24 
67 
74 

13 
2 

125 
96 
72 

102 

9 

37 

5, 313 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



353 
172 
317 

189 

6 

27 

1,544 

1 



Bur- 
glars 
breaking 
or 

entering 



Larcenj theft 



$5(1 an. 1 

n\ er 



62 
219 
307 
303 
313 



44 
386 

324 

522 



629 

127 

163 

10,514 



S8 
10 


105 


2 


4 


3 




1 


2 


56 


107 


38 


41 


61 


102 



19 

15 

47 
96 
140 

34 

3 

162 

238 
179 

97 
33 

22 

,125 
19 

30 

697 

259 
16 

37 
19 



31 


46 


5 


1 


25 


27 


5 


1 


6 




164 


347 


16 


12 


19 


87 


18 


9 


112 


63 


37 


33 


31 


28 


246 


68 


36 


29 


2,242 


1,416 


13 


2 


31 


73 


44 


75 


6 


2 


1 


5 


27 


1 


5 


1 


63 


100 





3 


3 


3 


22 


17 


8 


3 


5 


5 


78 


64 


5 


1 


5 


10 


13 


15 


13 


13 


36 


76 



23 



456 

50 

86 
300 

L66 

465 

No reports received 
3 1 152 ' 

6 I 714 



55 ] 164 

242 I 1,758 
Xo reports received 
1, 595 
91 



90 

77 

63 

440 

205 



1,707 479 

Only 1 month received 

361 125 

97 27 

158 25 

109 20 
90 32 

1, 764 186 

165 26 

214 32 

186 23 

681 86 

253 158 
251 36 

1,520 I 361 

464 108 

6,570 1,356 

48 19 

242 114 

254 65 

181 55 

110 5 

11 
267 1 7 

115 14 

227 88 

50 1 5 

13 

343 82 

73 28 

18 

S.5 

25 



Undei 

$.-,0 



306 
209 

550 
449 

1. 1(14 

435 
140 
819 
826 
1,480 

1,366 

170 

196 

12.575 

138 

216 

5. 025 

9, 588 
234 



181 

458 

1,174 

974 

2, 926 

1 . 207 
357 
321 

186 

316 

7, 753 

121 

475 

749 
2.277 
1.295 

520 
4.253 



; 



1 . 332 
26, 34 

336 
989 
462 

537 
203 
135 

209 
197 

426 
232 
172 
547 
446 

354 

1.325 
179 
359 

673 

593 
1,391 

185 
567 



99 

152 



186 

Table 80. — Number of offenses known to the police. January to December, inclusive, 
19-'iU cities over 25,000 in population -Continued 



City 



E argo, X. Dak 

Fitchburg, Mass 
Flint, Mich 
Fond 'In Lac, Wis 

Fort Smith, Ark . 

Fort Wayne, Inrl. . 
Fort Worth, Tex... 

Fresno, Calif 

Gadsden, Ala 

Galesburg, 111 



Galveston, Tex 

Garfield, N.J 

Gary, Ind 

Glendale, Calif 

Grand Rapids, Mich. 



Great Falls, Mont 

Green Bay, Wis 

Greensboro, N. C. 
Greenville, S. C.._. 
Haekensack, N. J.. 



Hagerstown, Md... 

Hamilton, Ohio 

Hammond, Ind. 

Hamtramck, Mich 
Harrisburg, Pa - - 



Hartford. Conn 
Haverford Township, Pa. 
Haverhill, Mass.. 

Hazelton, Pa . 

Highland Park, Mich 



High Point, N. C. 
Hoboken, X. J... . 
Holyoke, Mass 
Honolulu. T. H . 
Houston, Tex 



Huntington, W. Va 
Huntington Park, Calif 
Hutchinson, Kans 

Indianapolis, Ind 

Inglewood, Calif 



Irvington, N. J 

Jackson. Mich 

Jackson, Miss 

Jacksonville, Fla 

Jamestown, X. V 



Jersey City, X. 3 
Johnson City, Term 

Johnstown, Pa 

Joliet, 111 

Joplin, Mo 



Kalamazoo. Mich. . 
Kansas City, Kans 
Kansas City, Mo 

Kearny. X. ,1 

Kenosha, Wis 



Kingston, N. Y_. 
Knoxville, Tenn 

Kokomo, Ind . 
La Crosse. Wis 
La Fayette, Ind. 



Lakewood, Ohio. 

Lancaster, Pa 

Lansing, M ich 

Laredo, Tex 

Lawrence, Mass. 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
geut man- 
slaughter 



14fi 

3 

226 

27 
17 



25 
290 

51 

15 

5 

450 

21 

11 

14 

32 

203 

1 



35 
44 

14 
147 

258 

1 



Aggra- 
vated 

assault 



Burgla- 
ry- 
breaking 

or 
entering 



134 

1 
17 

17 
109 
25 

64 

1 

342 

6 

166 



138 
96 
35 



59 
1 06 
632 

30 
102 

399 

1.043 

397 

119 
138 

280 

58 

539 

339 



89 

7'.' 

418 

180 



80 
57 
226 
19fi 
338 

851 
70 
98 
50 

514 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



33 

14 
1911 

IS 

36 

125 
100 

88 
23 

4 



142 
81 



33 

it; 
81 
67 
12 

18 
83 
73 
129 
119 



83 



159 109 

Only 11 months received 
Only 9 months received 
30 1.056 264 

202 3, 264 332 



134 
3 



312 



3 
10 

89 

240 

3 



262 
197 
104 
2.691 
191 

164 

134 

297 

1.381 



92 

45 

3 

304 

43 

30 
59 

60 

503 

19 



Complete data not received 
41 l 77 | 

Only 5 mouths received 
13 119 



15 



3 

334 
4 
3 



179 

248 

5 is 

691 

43 

85 

30 
343 

95 
89 

si 

123 
145 
226 



52 


252 


3S 


523 


31 


649 


122 


1,125 


306 


3,101 


17 


127 


9 


205 


11 


116 


254 


1,048 


23 


374 


18 


:, Is 


25 


453 


19 


301 


19 


394 


54 


623 


7 


233 


26 


324 



Under 

$511 



199 

190 

1,693 

116 

522 

1.830 

3, 1S1 

1,002 

367 

143 

427 
65 

1. 162 
1,330 

2, 336 

645 

359 

si '.I 
591 
82 

310 

377 
650 

575 
819 

1.876 

83 

183 

42 

844 

295 



1.990 
6,843 

836 
666 
324 

2. 658 
677 

21(1 

534 

1,063 

3, 082 
226 



187 

Table 80. — Number of offenses known to the police, Jauuari/ to December, inclusive, 
1941, cities over 25,000 in population -Continued 



City 



Lebanon, Pa 

Lewiston, Maine 
Lexington, Ky ._ 

Lima. Ohio 

Lincoln, Nebr 



Little Rock, Ark _ 
Long Beach, Calif 

Lorain, Ohio 

Los Angeles, Calif. 
Louisville, Ky 



Lowell, Mass. . . 

Lower Merion Township. Pa 

Lubhock, Tex 

Lynchburg, Va 

Lynn. Mass 



Macon, Ga 

Madison, Wis 

Maiden, Mass 

Manchester, N. El- 
Mansfield, Ohio 

Marion, Ind 

Marion, Ohio 

Mason City, Iowa. 

Massillon, Ohio 

Ma\ WOOd, 111 



McKeesport, Pa. 
Medford, Mass.. 
Melrose, Mass 
Memphis, Tenn_ 
Meriden, Conn. 



Meridian, Miss 

Miami, Fla 

Miami Beach, Fla__ 
Michigan City, Ind. 
Middletown, Conn. 

Middletown, Ohio.. 
Milwaukee, Wis. .. 
Minneapolis, Minn. 

Mishawaka, Ind 

Mobile, Ala 



Moline, El 

Monroe, La 

Montclair, N. J 

Montgomery, Ala 

Mount Vernon, N. Y. 



Muncie, Ind 

Muskegon, Mich 
Muskogee, Okla_. 

Nashua, N. H 

Nashville, Tenn_. 



New Albany, Ind... 

Newark, N.J 

Newark, Ohio 

New Bedford, Mass. 

New Britain, Conn. 



New Brunswick, N. J. 

Newburgh, N. Y. 

New Castle, Pa. __ 
New Haven, Conn... 
New London, Conn... 



New Orleans, La 

Newport, Ky. _ 

Newport, R.I.. 

Newport News, Va 
New Rochelle. N. Y. 

444555°— 4 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



Robbery 



23 

2, 062 

560 

10 

5 



Aggra- 

\ uted 
assault 



5 

369 

10 

29 

254 

43 

2 



73 

117 

4 

83 



9 

1 

45 

6 

22 

19 

18 

1 

150 

1 
214 



4 

27 

2 

158 

19 

2 

90 

3 



2 

2 

108 



Burgla- 
ry- 
breaking 

or 
entering 



Larcenj theft 



49 

53 

266 

149 

106 

622 

1, 158 

106 

9,208 
2,428 

204 
154 
144 
171 
355 



$50 and 
over 



165 264 108 

4 174 56 

Only 6 months received 



14 
27 
93 
33 

19 

0) 
192 
35 

4, 442 
798 

62 
41 
30 
73 
105 



2 

740 

1 

60 

235 

4 

1 



16 
55 
29 
1 
109 

5 

19 

20 

174 

8 



17 

2 

270 

5 
342 
10 
5 
5 

15 
3 
2 

13 
3 

431 

22 

2 

155 
23 



94 
135 

58 
72 
36 
56 
66 

90 
86 
76 
1,113 
138 

246 
1,350 

104 
35 
34 

125 

757 

1,424 

37 

412 

91 

87 
101 
477 
147 

19.5 
131 
192 
72 
952 

48 

1, 557 

75 

591 

178 

120 

93 

110 

609 

56 

523 
103 

85 
241 

90 



(') 



23 



73 
20 

18 

380 

25 

30 

388 

211 

17 

18 

28 
243 
525 



36 
12 
26 
37 
27 

49 

37 

10 

3 

264 

6 
587 

14 
111 

13 

20 
23 

11 

259 

23 

592 
22 
18 



Under 

$50 



137 

324 

1,000 

492 

465 

1, 161 

1,728 

410 

25, 570 

4,213 

373 
224 
706 
598 
906 

839 
361 

399 
374 

303 

298 
183 
234 
112 

155 
245 
107 

2,878 
178 

268 
1,631 
569 
196 
120 

385 
4,250 
3,300 

210 

758 

269 
344 
143 
436 
330 

282 
512 
405 
160 
1,586 

231 
3,171 

545 
1, 075 

335 

202 
186 
194 
1,208 
217 

1,495 
220 
205 
491 
244 



188 



Table 80. 



-Number of offenses known to the police, January to December, inclusive, 
1941, cities over 25,000 in 'population — Continued 





Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 


Robbers 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burgla- 
ry- 
breaking 

or 
entering 


Larceny— theft 


Auto 


City 


*. r >() and 
over 


Under 
$.50 


theft. 






l 

1,361 

13 

177 

13 

5 

12 
163 
43 

9 

144 

39 

13 

11 


1 

2,743 

41 

179 

11 


160 

8,387 

245 

908 

92 

133 


(') 
(') 
62 
287 
9 

25 


436 

15. 788 

415 

2. 548 

52 

134 

182 

3. 779 
396 

755 
2, 548 
938 
130 
460 

318 
290 

153 
457 
162 

1, 593 
292 
336 
546 
345 

774 

410 

2, 645 
1,362 

2. 739 
279 
174 
555 
321 

502 
764 

4. 131 

853 

344 

1.204 
511) 
259 

539 
539 
627 

147 

2, 594 
365 
710 
305 

1. 704 

.".73 
404 
434 
143 
173 

_MI(i 

2. 0S4 
1.244 
1.001 
7, 421, 


58 


New York, N. Y.» 

Niagara Falls, N. Y .. 


268 

2 

30 


11,330 
142 


Norfolk, Va 


649 

46 




2 

1 
13 


35 




Only 3 

3 

132 

2 

2 

258 

61 

57 

18 








125 

1,381 

258 

189 
787 
494 
95 
289 

63 
54 
90 
123 

76 

317 
177 
485 
264 
246 

349 

sports rece 

148 

3,324 

355 

:-i. 570 

170 

103 

373 

42 

134 
392 

1.99(1 


16 

208 

49 

24 
91 
78 
20 
61 

21 
12 
7 
19 
13 

119 
55 
41 
43 
66 

62 
ved 

42 

1,080 

57 

522 

16 

35 

75 

6 

11 
83 
702 


15 


Oakland. Calif, 


645 


Oak Park, HI 


•35 




2 
8 
10 


139 


Oklahoma City, Okla . 


312 




305 




37 


Orlando, Fla 


4 

1 
1 
2 
8 
1 

2 
3 
1 


81 




18 




4 

19 
4 

20 

15 
32 
8 
44 

58 

16 
759 
76 

614 

5 

20 

3 

3 

17 

344 

30 

1 
28 
31 
16 

7 
20 
14 

13 

144 
13 
25 
1 
20 

14 
18 
4 
8 


1 

6 

46 

4 

7 
33 
144 
31 
36 

62 
No n 
158 
801 

12 

340 

1 

2 

24 

12 

8 

3 

65 


75 


Owensboro, Ky._ 


42 

11(1 


Parkersbure, W. Va 


42 

206 




S4 




349 




107 


Pensaeola, Fla _.. 

Peoria, 111 :... . 

Perth Am boy, N. J 

Petersburg, Va 

Philadelphia, Pa 


3 

3 

6 

105 

10 

25 
1 


105 

261 

80 
3. 1 65 




200 


Pittsburgh, Pa 

Pittsfield, Mass 


2,301 

75 


Plainfleld, N. J 


94 


Pontiac, Mich 

Port Arthur, Tex 


3 
1 

2 
1 

7 

14 

1 
3 
3 

1 

1 
10 
6 

1 

32 
1 
4 


1 92 


Port Huron, Mich 

Portland, Maine ... 


1(12 
20fi 


Portland, Oreg .-, 


795 


Portsmouth, Ohio 


No reports received 






232 

12 
38 
25 
11 
Only 6 


246 

69 

733 

217 

101 

months re 

131 


83 

48 

194 

15 

28 

sen ed 

29 


123 




30 


Providence, R. I - 


607 
124 




31 


Quincv, Mass 


97 


Raleigh, N. C 


100 
24 
Only i 
10 

356 

10 

67 

1 

41 

13 

3 

50 

22 

1 

1 

55 

47 

16 

628 


273 57 
314 51 

months received 


93 
139 








so 

880 
158 
137 
42 
436 

206 
96 
76 
79 
32 

119 
809 
335 
224 
3, 042 


45 

342 

7 

89 

11 

147 

57 
37 
20 
5 
9 

14 
176 
49 
54 


60 




584 




64 




157 




13 




4 


318 


Rockford, ill 


114 


Rock Island. Ill 


1 
4 
2 

1 

5 

8 

4 

66 


47 


Rockv Mount. N. C 


53 




66 


Rome, N. Y 


3(1 


Roval Oak, Mich 


7 
136 

12 
21 

457 


74 
414 




179 




129 


St. Louis, Mo _ 


1 . 061 



189 

Table 80. -Number of offenses known to the police, January to December, inclusive, 
1941, cities over 25,000 in population — Continued 



City 



St. Paul, Minn 

St. Petersburg, Fia .... 

Salem, Mass 
Salem, Ores 
Salt Lake City, Utah. 



San Angelo, Tex 
San Antonio, Tex . 
San Bernardino, Calif 

San Diego, Calif 

San Francisco, Calif 



San Jose, Calif . 

Santa Ana, Calif 

Santa Barbara, ("alif. 
Santa Monica, Calif 
Savannah. C,a 



Schenectady, N. Y. 

Scranton, Pa 

Seattle, Wash 

Sharon, Pa 

Sheboygan, Wis 



Shreveport, La 

Sioux City, Iowa ... 
Sioux Falls, S. Dak 
Somerx ille, Mass 
South Bend, Ind . 



South Gate, Calif 

Spartanburg, S. C. 

Spokane, Wash 

Springfield, 111 
Springfield, Mass 



Springfield, Mo 

Springfield, Ohio . 
Stamford, Conn 
Steubenville, Ohio 
Stockton, Calif ... 



Superior, Wis . 
Syracuse, X. Y 
Tacoma, Wash 
Tampa. Fla _ 
Taunton, Mass. 



Teaneck, N.J _. 
Terre Haute, Ind 

Toledo, Ohio 

Topeka, (Cans 
Torrington, Conn 



Trenton, N. J _. 
Troy, X. V 
Tucson, Ariz ... 
Tulsa. Ok la 
Tuscaloosa \la 



Tyler, Tex 
Union City. X. .1 
University City, Mo 
Upper Darby, Pa 



Utica, X. V 






2 


Waltham, Mass. 




VVarren, Ohio . 


4 


Warwick, K. I 




Washington, I). C 

Washington, Pa 


53 


Waterbury, Conn 


1 


Waterloo. Iowa 





Watertow n, Mass. 
Watertown, N. Y. 



Murder, 

nonnegli- 
genl man- 
slaughter 



11 
81 

2 
123 
27 
llo 
558 



9 
54 
57 

10 

20 

242 

2 

1 

29 
22 

10 
14 
54 

17 
15 
53 
40 
8 

lti 
14 
3 
32 
65 

6 
11 
05 
45 



Aggra- 
vated 

assault 



31 
186 

17 

1 

49 
14 
22 

2(10 
6 



9 
4 

18 

3 

705 



2 
20 

14 

418 

2 

38 
344 

6 
5 



14 

158 

10 
39 

57 

1 



Burgla- 
ry— 
breaking 

or 
entering 



425 

63 

130 

783 

45 
903 
210 



167 
120 
127 
302 
192 

200 
239 

2, 595 
58 
82 

268 
169 
117 
355 
415 

218 
80 
530 
229 
352 

249 
231 

104 
167 
356 

122 
399 
439 

517 



Lara ny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



176 
88 
15 
33 

213 

13 
292 

53 
377 
543 

32 
23 
35 
160 
318 



533 
10 

17 

61 
90 
22 
37 
128 

32 
45 
85 
62 
123 

50 

55 
88 
34 
44 

19 
114 
119 
123 



Only 5 months received 



1 

15 

121 

6 

1 

104 

9 
24 
195 
29 



34 

270 

1, 159 

530 

30 

647 
151 
240 
888 
94 



121 
3 
10 



164 
68 
136 
55 
2. 521 

47 
294 
86 
58 
54 



13 

54 

323 

22 

16 

129 
36 
73 

230 
54 



75 21 

Only 1 1 months receh ed 
138 I 58 

148 12 

183 I 44 



18 
17 
24' 

1.070 

15 
98 
26 
17 
27 



Cnder 
$50 



2, 083 

1.035 
255 
:.7!l 

2,153 

141 
2.620 

833 
2. 940 

5. 766 

978 
686 

605 
1,617 
2, 324 

450 

415 

4, 154 

76 

34(1 

1.212 
959 
534 
310 

1.297 

512 
304 
1,645 
889 
911 



672 

300 

290 

1.065 

390 

991 

1 . 352 

1.377 



73 

325 

2.863 

873 

87 

947 

27li 

1.019 

2.346 

270 

121 

255 
2(11 
665 

41.1 
HI 
413 
135 
7,967 

128 

301 
566 
124 
591 



190 



Table 80. — Nvmbcr of offenses known to the police, January to December ^inclusive. 
1941, cities aver 25,000 in population — Continued 



City 



Waukegan, 111 

Wausau, Wis 

Wauwatosa, Wis 

West Allis, Wis_ . 
West Hartford, Conn 



West Haven, Uonn. . . 
West New York. N. J._ 
West Orange, N. .1 
West Palm Beach, Fla. 
Wheeling, W. Va 



White Plains, N. Y. 

Wichita, Kans 

Wichita Falls, Tex _ 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa 

Wilkinsburg, Pa 



Williamsport, Pa 

Wilmington, Del 

Wilmington, N. C 

Winston- Salem, N. C. 
Woodbridge.N. J 



Woonsocket, R. I. 
Worcester, Mass . 
Wyandotte, Mich_ 
Yakima, Wash . 
Yonkers, N. Y 



York, Pa 

Youngstown, Ohio_ 
Zanesville, Ohio 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



157 

19 



Aggra- 
vated 

assault 



Burgla- 
ry- 
breaking 

or 
entering 



92 
27 
35 
60 

134 



Larceny — theft 



$50 and 
over 



1 103 I 15 
Only 3 months received 



22 

14 

47 
35 
76 
10 
33 

2 
46 
315 
190 

4 

2 
14 



74 
18. r . 
235 

49 
288 
172 
194 
110 

110 

429 
115 
299 
63 



48 
165 
240 



665 
163 



15 
73 
36 

39 
29 
61 
40 
11 

11 

162 

68 

33 

9 

21 
122 
14 
53 
34 

16 
61 
45 



Under 
$50 



149 
295 
148 
422 
134 

183 

134 
535 
300 

164 

1, 253 

1. 445 

253 

124 

329 

1,248 

385 

380 



224 
1,028 
165 
931 
506 

356 
1.334 

417 



Auto 
theft 



17 

57 
47 

53 

124 
156 

89 
42 

73 
250 
129 

83 

8 

45 
403 
2<> 

7S 
95 

84 

464 

81 



1 Larcenies not separately reported. Figure listed includes both major and minor larcenies. 

2 Figures include offenses committed by juveniles .this is in accord with the uniform reporting procedure 
followed by other cities. 



191 

Offenses Known to Sheriffs, State Police, and Other Rural Officers, 1941. 

In compiling uniform crime reports, the FBI tabulates urban 
crimes separately from rural crimes. The figures presented in the 
preceding tables are based on reports received from police depart- 
ments in urban communities (places with 2,500 or more inhabitants). 
Available rural crime data are presented in table 82, and in table 81 
is shown a percentage distribution of urban and rural crimes. 

Table 81. — Comparison of average groups of 100 urban crimes and 100 rural 

crimes 



Offense 


Pei 


cent 


Offense 


Percent 


Urban 


Rural 


( 'rhan 


Rural 


Total 


Kill. II 


100.0 


Robbery 


3.1 


3.5 








59. 7 
21.0 
11.9 


is 
26. 7 
10. 7 


Rape_ . 
Murder 


.6 2.3 




.3 1.3 






.3 1 ' 











The preceding comparison reveals that 4.3 percent of the urban 
crimes were offenses against the person (criminal homicide, rape, and 
aggravated assault), whereas the corresponding' rural figure was 11.1 
percent. 

Obviously, this does not mean that the total of crimes against the 
person committed in rural areas is greater than in urban communities, 
because the figures in table 81 represent only average groups of fOO 
urban crimes and 100 rural crimes. In connection with the rural 
crime data, it may be noted that some of the reports listing rural 
crimes indicate that they possibly were limited to instances in which 
arrests were made. Such incompleteness would tend to decrease 
the proportion of property crimes and to increase the percentage 
of rural crimes against the person, inasmuch as property crimes are 
less frequently followed by arrests than are the more serious crimes 
against the person. 



Table 82. — Offenses known, January to December, inclusive, 1941, as reported l>y 
1 ,.'.',.') sheriffs, 9 State police organizations, and 95 village officers 



Criminal homicide 



Murder, 

nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 
by negli- 
gence 



Rape 



Rob- 
bery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Burglary 
breaking Larceny- 
or enter- theft 
ing 



Alltn 

thefl 



Offenses known 



2, 665 



3. (167 



7, 191 



30, 487 



12, L66 



192 

Offenses Known in Territories and Possessions of the United States. 

There are presented in table 83 the available data concerning- 
ciimes committed in Territories and possessions of the United States. 
Included are the figures taken from reports received from the first, 
second, and third judicial divisions of Alaska; Honolulu City, and the 
county of Honolulu in the Territory of Hawaii; and the Isthmus of 
Panama, C. Z. The tabulation is based on offenses reported by law- 
enforcement officials policing both the urban and rural areas, except 
that the data for Honolulu City have been segregated from the 
figures for Honolulu County. 



Table 83. — Number of offenses known in United Slate.* Territories and possessions,. 
January to December, inclusive, 1941 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Jurisdiction reporting 



Murder, 




nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaughter 


Bob- 
bery 


3 




1 


2 


4 


1 


8 


25 


4 


5 


3 


14 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 





Larceny — 


Burglary 


theft 


breaking 




or enter- 






ing 


Over 


Under 




$.50 


$50 


14 


19 


34 


38 


3 


22 


9 


9 


18 


1, 056 


264 


1,990 


215 


33 


196 


73 


66 


874 ' 



Auto 

theft 



Alaska: 

First judicial division (Juneau), 
population, 25,241; number of 

offenses known .. . 

Second judicial division (Nome), 
population, 11,877; number of 

offenses known 

Third judicial division (Valdez), 
population, 19,312; number of 

offenses known 

Hawaii: 

Honolulu City, population, 179,358; 

number of offenses known 

Honolulu County, population, 78,898; 
number of offensesk now n 
Isthmus of Panama: Canal Zone, popula- 
tion, 51,827; number of offenses know a 



3 

2 

417 
83 

117 



193 

Data From Supplementary Offense Reports. 

Residences totaling 47,781 were burglarized last year find 66.9 per- 
cent of these homes were unlawfully entered during the night, accord- 
ing to the supplementary offense reports received from 232 cities in 
the United States with population in excess of 25,000. Stores, office 
buildings, warehouses, and other nonresidence structures totaling 
51,200 were burglarized, and 90.6 percent of these crimes were com- 
mitted during the night. 

Robberies numbered 18,338 in these cities, of which 10,676 (58.2 
percent) were classed as highway robbery. Thirty-three and nine- 
tenths percent of the robberies involved oil stations, chain stores, 
banks, and other commercial houses. 

Larcenies unaccompanied by the elements of burglary or robbery 
totaled 283,075 in the cities represented in table 84. Thefts of 
automobile accessories last year accounted for 17.9 percent of the 
larcenies, as compared with 14.2 percent in 1940, which indicates 
that this type of theft is increasing. Thefts of other types of property 
from automobiles made up 18.1 percent, and 18.3 percent more were 
bicycle thefts. Thus, more than half of the larcenies were thefts of 
bicycles or some type of property from automobiles. 

In 67.2 percent of the larcenies, the stolen property was valued from 
$5 to $50; in 22.3 percent of the cases the property was valued at 
less than $5; and property valued in excess of $50 was stolen in 10.5 
percent of the cases. 

More than half (52.1 percent) of the 2,596 offenses of rape reported 
were forcible in nature, and the remainder were classed as statutory 
offenses (no force used — victim under age of consent). 



194 



Table 84. — Number of known offenses with divisions as to the nature of the' criminal 
act, time and place of commission,, and value of property stolen, January to Decem- 
ber, inclusive, 1941; cities over 25,000 in population, grouped by size 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Number of actual offenses 




( Iroup 1 


Group II 


Group III 


Group IV 


Total 


Classification 


22 cities. 

over 

250,000; 

population 

15,243,646 


36 cities. 

100,000 

to 

250,1 Kill: 

population 
5,019,766 


61 cities, 
50,000 

to 
100,000; 

population 
4,283,223 


113 cities, 
25,000 

to 

50.000; 

population 

3,950,226 


232 cities; 

total 
population 
28,496,861 


Rape: 

Forcible. ... . _ _ 

Statutory 


789 
791 


245 
159 


200 
173 


118 
121 


1.352 
1.214 


Total 


1,580 


404 


373 


239 


2. 596 


Robbery: 


7, 485 

3,664 

1,145 

120 

591 

19 

350 


1,593 
356 
180 
28 
71 
2 
92 


987 
209 
153 
32 
65 
1 
81 


611 
174 
112 
19 
51 
5 
142 


10. 076 




4. to:; 




1.590 




199 


Residence ... . 

Bank 


77^ 
27 


> 1 iscellaneous 


665 


Total 


13, 374 


2,322 


1,528 


1, 114 


18,338 


Burglary — breaking or entering: 

Residence (dwelling): 

Committed during night ._ 

Committed during day 

Nonresidence (store, office, etc.): 

Committed during night 

Committed during day 


17. 882 
9,243 

21,340 
3,044 


5,365 
2, 864 

10,805 
667 


1,895 
2,311 

8,212 
602 


3,814 
1,407 

6, 009 

521 


31.950 
1 5, 825 

46,366 
4,834 


Total 


51, 509 


19, 701 


16,020 


11,751 


98,981 


Larceny— theft (except auto theft) 
(grouped according to value of article 
stolen): 


17, 797 
91,208 
29, 7 1 1 

138,719 


4,767 
35, 823 
12,701 


3, 933 
33,710 
11,324 


3, in:. 

29, .508 

9, i25 


29, 002 


$5 to $50 


190.249 


Under $5 


m. 104 






Total 


53, 291 


48, 967 


42, 098 


283,075 


Larceny — theft (grouped as to type of 
offense): 

Pocket-picking .. 

Purse-snatching. . 

Shoplifting.. 

Thefts from autos (exclusive of auto 


1.005 
4,910 
3,324 

29, 033 
27. 929 
20, 093 
51,825 


861 
1,127 
2,037 

8,512 

:. st it; 

10,064 
22, 824 


620 
863 

1,838 

7. 427 
8,241 
10,690 
19,288 


443 

564 

1,601 

6, 171 
6, 621 

10. 956 
15.742 


3,529 

7, 404 
8,800 

51, L43 
50 657 




.'.] so:; 


All other 


109,679 




Total 


138, 719 


53, 291 48. 967 


42, 098 


283. 075 









195 



ttS 



& 








w / 




00 


ggg£ 




26 %y 


fim 


wt<J 


Ab^J 


wfcp^ 


Wfi 




1m 




m 


, 





196 

The supplementary offense reports received last year from 232 
cities in the United States, each with a population in excess of 25,000, 
listed thefts of 59,782 automobiles, while during the year 56,590 
stolen cars (94.7 percent) were recovered. As indicated in the data 
presented in table 85, the proportion of stolen automobiles recovered 
is highest in the group II cities and lowest in the cities with popula- 
tion from 50,000 to 100,000. 



Table 85. — Number of automobiles stolen and recovered, January to December, 
inclusive, 1941; cities over 25,000 in population, grouped by size 

[Population figures from 194(1 decennial census] 



Population group 



Number (if , Number of 

automobiles automobiles 

stolen recovered 



Percent 
recovered 



Group I: 22 cities over 250,000; total population, 15,243,646 . 
Group II: 36 cities, 100,000 to 250,000; total population, 5,019,766 
Group III: 61 cities, 50,000 to 100,000; total population, 4,283,- 

223 .. 

Group IV: 113 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; total population, 3,950,- 

226 

Total, groups I-IV: 232 cities: total population, 28,496,- 
861 



95. 3 
96.0 




11)7 



Property totaling $43,881,904.79 was stolen last year in the 232 
cities represented in the two preceding tables, of which 67.6 percent 
was recovered. The figures showing property stolen and recovered 
in these cities, subdivided according to type of propertj involved, are 
presented in table 86. Exclusive of automobiles, $16,459,812.26 in 
money, jewelry, furs, clothing, and other property was stolen during 
1941. while recoveries were valued at $3,51)5,474.44 (21.8 percent). 
For 1940, the corresponding figure was 26.4 percent. 

In examining the data in table 86 for groups of cities divided accord- 
ing to size, and comparing the figures with those in the similar tabula- 
tion for 1940 (see vol. XI, No. 4, p. 194), it is noted that although 
cities in groups I and 11 showed decreases in the percentage of property 
recovered, cities in groups III and IV generally reported a higher 
percentage of recovery of stolen property during 1941. 

Table 86. — Value oj property stolen and value of property recovered with divisions as 
to type of property involved, January to December, inclusive, W.' t l: cities over 
25,000 iri population, grouped by size 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Population group 


Type of proper! > 


Value of 
property 

stolen 


Value of 
property 
recovered 


Percent 
recov- 
ered 


■Groupl: 22cities over 250,000; 
total population, 15,243,646. 


Currency, notes, etc 
Jewelry and precious metals 
Furs 


$2, 522, 569. 98 

2. 528, 360. 42 

615.858.11 

1, 160.814.36 

16, 497, 450. 55 


$236, 515. 24 

398. 132. 39 

39. 779. 76 

195, 389. 25 

15, 852. 253. 85 

910, 209. 65 


9.4 
15.7 
6.5 




Clothing 

Locally stolen automobiles 

Currency, notes, etc. 
Jewelry and precious metals 
Furs 


16.8 
96.1 
26.5 


Total .. 


26. 754.950.75 


17. 632, 340. 14 


65.9 






■Group II: 36 cities, 100,000 to 
250,000; total population. 
5,019,766. 


727, 609. 14 
531, 467. 83 
44. 721.. 55 
258, 272. 79 
1, 567, 343.98 
890, 529. 02 


95, 835. 03 
116.410.84 
8, 434. 48 
71. 702. 28 
4. 384, 823. 24 
332. 293. 79 


13.2 
21.9 
18.9 




Clothing 

Locally stolen automobiles 

Miscellaneous 


27.8 
96.0 
37.3 


Total . 


7. 019. 944. 31 


5,009,499.66 


71.4 




( 'urrencv, notes, etc 
Jewelry and precious metals 
Furs 

Clothing 

Locally stolen automobiles 
Miscellaneous 




•Group 111: 61 cities, 50,000 to 
100,000; total population. 
4,283.223. 


637, 029. 16 
417,642.95 
47.921.63 
197,434.86 
3, 543, 394. 28 
770,406.91 


198, 595. 90 

138,958 ns 

11, 134.48 

60, 557. 80 

3,214.449. 14 

267,211.99 


31.2 
33.3 
23.2 
30.7 
90.7 
34.7 


Total 


5,613,829. 7".' 


3, 890, 907. 39 


69.3 








'.roup IV: 113 cities, 25,000 


to;,. 323. 14 

380,665.21 

39,921.72 

149,439.03 

2. SI 3. '.« 13. 72 
703. 927. 12 


86, 635. 04 

114,873.85 

5,088.00 

33,880 67 

2,603,569. Id 

273. 775. 92 


21.4 


to 50,000; total population, 
3,950,226. 


Jewelry and precious metals 

Purs 

Clothing 

Locally stolen automobiles 


30.2 
12.7 
22.7 
92.5 
38.9 








Total. 


4. 493, 179. 94 


3, 117,822.58 


69.4 




< iurrencj . notes, etc 
Jewelrj and precious metals 
Furs 




Total, groups I-IV: 232 cities, 
total population, 28,496,861. 


1,292,531.42 
3,858, 136.41 
748,423.01 
1, 765,961.04 
27, 122,092 5 ! 
5,794, 760 38 


617,581.21 
768,375. Hi 
64. 436. 72 
361. 530.00 
26,055,095. 33 
1. 783.551. 35 


14.4 
19. 9 
s 6 




Clothing . 

Locally stolen automobiles 

Miscellaneous 


20.5 
95.0 
30.8 


Total 


43,881,904 79 


29, 650. 569. 77 


67.6 









198 

In 231 of the Nation's cities with over 25,000 inhabitants, IS, 336 
persons were personally accosted and robbed of $2,060,331.69, an 
average of $112.37 stolen in each robbery. The loot stolen in the 
98,937 burglaries amounted to $5,991,486.42, an average of $60.56 
per offense. 

Although the property stolen in the average larceny, unaccom- 
panied by the elements of robbery or burglary, amounted to only 
$29.84, the aggregate property stolen in 282,844 such eases was valued 
at $8,439,585.13. 

The 59,750 automobiles stolen were valued at $27,389,155.38 or 
$458.40 per car. However, recoveries were effected in 95 percent of 
such cases, whereas slightly less than 22 percent of other types of 
property was recovered. 

In examining the data shown in table 87 it should be remembered 
that the number of actual offenses includes attempted crimes, and 
inasmuch as the thefts were not consummated, the value of the 
property sought was not reported. This naturally tends to reduce 
the figure with reference to the average value of property stolen per 
offense. 

The average value of property stolen during 1941 was higher for 
each offense classification than in 1940. 

Table 87. — Value of property stolen, by type of crime, January to December, inclu- 
sive, 1941; 231 cities over 25,000 in population. 

[Total population, 28,400,605. based on 1940 decennial census] 



Classification 



Kobbery . . 
Burglary 
Larceny- theft 
Auto theft 

Total 



Number of 
actual 
o tie rises 



18,336 

98. 937 

282, S44 

59,750 



Value of prop- 
erty stolen 



$2,060,331 69 
5.991. 186. 4? 
8,439.585 13 

27,389, 155. 38 



459,867 43,880.558.62 



A v erage 

value per 
offense 



$1 12. 37 
f.0.56 
29.84 
458. 40 



95. 42 



199 




200 

One out of every three traffic fatalities is primarily attributable to 
the gross negligence of sonic person other than the victim, according 
to the supplementary homicide reports for 1941 received from 285 
cities, each with over 25,000 inhabitants. The police of these cities 
reported 6,787 traffic fatalities and their investigation disclosed that 
2,310 (34.0 percent) of them were actual offenses of manslaughter 
by negligence. 

In other words, the police investigation of 34.0 percent of the traffic 
deaths disclosed that they were primarily attributable to the gross 
negligence of persons other than the victims. 

Under the system of uniform crime reporting such cases are classed 
as actual offenses of negligent manslaughter regardless of the charge 
placed against the offender or the findings of the court or a semijudicial 
body. In other words, the classification is based upon the facts 
revealed by the police investigation. 



Table 88. — Number of traffic fatalities and number of offenses of manslaughter by 
negligence, January to December, inclusive, 1941, cities over 25,000 inhabitants 
by population groups 

[Population based on 1940 decennial census] 





Number of 
traffic 
deaths 


Manslaughter by negli- 
gence 


Population group 


Number of 
offenses 


Percentage 
of traffic 
deaths 


Group I: 33 cities over 250,000; total population 28,563,038 


4,386 

1,150 

648 

603 


1,449 
428 
226 
207 


33.0 


Group II: 52 cities, 100,000 to 250,000; total population, 7,372,646. . 
Group III: 66 cities, 50,000 to 100,000; total population, 4,607,493 
Group TV: 134 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; total population, 4,675,808... 


37.2 
34.9 
34.3 


Total, groups I-1V: 285 cities; total population, 45,218,985.. 


6,787 


2,310 


34.0 



201 

Estimated Number of Major Crimes in the United States, 1940-41. 

The estimated number of major crimes in the United Stales during 
1941 showed an increase of 14,240 (0.9 percent) over 1940. The 1941 
estimate is 1,531,272, and includes offenses of criminal homicide, rape, 
robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny, and auto theft. 

All offense classifications showed increases in 1941 except robbery 
and burglary, which showed decreases of 0.7 percent and 4.4 percent 
respectively. 

The largest increase in 1941 (7.0 percent) was reflected in the auto 
theft classification. Aggravated assault increased 4.0 percent, 
negligent manslaughter 3.5 percent, rape 2.2 percent, and larceny 1.9 
percent. The increase in murder was less than one percent. 

These estimates are based on monthly crime reports received by 
the FBI from police departments of cities with a combined population 
in excess of 05 million. 

It is recognized that the larceny classification includes many thefts 
involving property of small value. However, it is also noted that the 
estimated total of major crimes does not include miscellaneous crimes 
of a serious nature, such as embezzlement, fraud, forgery, counter- 
feiting, arson, receiving stolen property, drug violations, carrying 
concealed weapons, etc. It is therefore believed that the estimated 
totals set out in table 89 are conservative. 



Table 89. — Estimated number of major crimes in the United States, 1940-41 



Offense 



.Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 

Manslaughter by negligence 

Rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary 
Larceny 
\uin theft 

Total 



Number of offenses 



7,540 

4,425 

9,055 

53, 435 

46, 538 

316.369 

902, 113 

177.551 



1,517,026 



7,562 

4,582 

9,257 

49, 832 

48, 385 

302, 475 

919, 120 

190,059 



1,531,272 



Change 



Number Percent 



+22 
+157 
+202 

-3. 603 
+ 1,847 
- 13, 894 

+ 17,007 
+ 12, 508 



+14, 246 



+0.3 
+3.5 
+2.2 
-6.7 
+4.0 
-4.4 
+1.9 
+7.0 



+0.9 



202 

DATA COMPILED FROM FINGERPRINT RECORDS 

Source of Data. 

During the calendar year 1941 the FBI examined 630,568 arrest 
records, as evidenced by fingerprint cards, in order to obtain data 
concerning the age, sex, race, and previous criminal history of the 
persons represented. The compilation has been limited to instances 
of arrests for violation of State laws and municipal ordinances. In 
other words, fingerprint cards representing arrests for violations of 
Federal laws or representing commitments to any type of penal in- 
stitution have been excluded from this tabulation. 

The number of fingerprint records examined was somewhat larger 
than for prior years, which were as follows: 1940, 609,013; 1939, 
576,920; 1938, 554,376. The increase in the number of arrest records 
examined should not necessarily be construed as reflecting an increase 
in the amount of crime, nor as an increase in the number of persons 
arrested, since it quite probably is at least partially the result of an 
increased tendency on the part of local agencies to contribute finger- 
print records to the Identification Division of the FBI. The tabu- 
lation of data from fingerprint cards obviously does not include all 
persons arrested, since there are individuals taken into custody for 
whom no fingerprint cards are forwarded to Washington. Further- 
more, data pertaining to persons arrested should not be treated as 
information regarding the number of offenses committed, since two 
or more persons may be involved in the joint commission of a single 
offense, and on the other hand one person may be arrested and charged 
with the commission of several separate crimes. 

Offense Charged. 

Persons charged with murder, robbery, assault, burglary, larceny, 
or auto theft numbered 159,109 which represents 25 percent of the 
total arrest records examined. Arrests for arson, rape, embezzlement 
and fraud, receiving stolen property, forgery and counterfeiting, nar- 
cotic drug violations, carrying concealed weapons, and driving while 
intoxicated numbered 74,212. Combined with the preceding figure, 
this makes a total of 233,321 arrests for major violations during 1941. 
This constitutes 37 percent of the total fingerprint arrest records 
examined during the year. Figures for individual offense classes are 
shown in table 90. 

Sex. 

The records examined during 1941 included 57,799 sets of finger- 
prints of women arrested. This represents an increase of 5,849 (11.3 
percent) over the 51,950 female arrests during the preceding year. 
Some offense classes, however, showed decreases in the number of 
women arrested as follows: Receiving stolen property, 6.1 percent; 



203 

embezzlement and fraud, 16.9 percent; narcotic violations, 52.0 per- 
cent; arson, 12.8 percent; and offenses against family and children, 2.0 
percent. On the other hand, some of the classifications showing sub- 
stantial increases in female arrests were assault, 12.9 percent; auto 
theft, 15.4 percent; carrying concealed weapons, 13.0 percent; driving 
while intoxicated, 18.8 percent; disorderly conduct, 26.5 percent; 
drunkenness, 21.1 percent; vagrancy, 30.8 percent. 

Males arrested and fingerprinted during 1941 numbered 572,769 as 
compared with 557,063 the preceding year, an increase of 2.8 percent. 
Some of the offense classes reflecting the largest increases in male 
arrests were assault, 11.0 percent; offenses against family and children, 
17.1 percent; driving while intoxicated, 18.0 percent; disorderly con- 
duct, 17.8 percent; drunkenness, 23.4 percent. In addition, criminal 
homicide arrests of males increased 4.2 percent, and auto theft arrests 
5.0 percent. 

In 1941, arrests of women numbered 9.2 percent of the total records 
examined, and the corresponding figures for prior years are as follows: 
1940, 8.5 percent; 1939, 7.6 percent; 1938, 6.8 percent. 



Table 90. — Distribution of arrests by sex Jan. 1-Dec. 31, 1941 



Offense charged 



Number 



Total Male 



Female 



Percent 



Total Male Female 



Criminal homicide 

Robbery 

Assault 

Burglary — breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Auto theft 

Embezzlement and fraud 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, etc 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Rape 

Prostitution and commercialized vice. 

Other sex offenses 

Narcotic drug laws 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Offenses against family and children... 

Liquor laws 

Driving while intoxicated 

Road and driving laws 

Parking violations 

Other traffic and motor vehicle laws. . . 

Disorderly conduct 

Drunkenness 

Vagrancy 

Gambling 

Suspicion 

Not stated 

All other offenses 

Total 



165 
826 
037 
396 
057 
845 
978 
910 
810 
930 
273 
167 
593 
139 
295 
363 
007 
386 
39 
184 
948 
748 
090 
510 

S(X 

085 
311 



5, 910 

11,544 
34, 157 

29, 371 
52, 938 
13,817 
13,960 

2,730 
828 
6,353 
5,930 
2,429 
9,409 
1,651 
5,844 
9,052 
8,491 

33, 054 

7,234 

36 

10, 921 

30, 314 
133, 594 

42, 925 
12,698 
51, 029 
3,654 
32, 896 



718 
621 

3, 669 
666 

5, 458 
24(1 
885 
248 
82 
457 



6,844 

1, 758 

942 

295 

243 

1,872 

953 

152 

3 

263 

4, 634 

9,154 

6,165 

S!L> 

6,819 

431 

3,415 



1.1 

1.9 
6.0 
4.8 
9.3 
2.2 
2.4 

.5 

.1 
1.0 

.9 
1.5 
1.8 

.4 
1.0 
1.5 
1.6 
5.4 
1.2 
(0 
1.8 
5.5 
22.6 
7.8 
2. 1 
9.2 

.6 
5.8 



1.0 
2.0 
6.0 
5.1 
9.3 
2.4 
2.4 

. 5 

.1 
1.1 
1.0 

.4 
1.7 

.3 
1.0 
1.6 
1.5 
5.8 
1.3 
0) 
1.9 
5.3 
23.3 
7.5 
2.2 
8.9 

.6 
5.8 



630, 568 572. 769 



57,799 100.0 



100.0 



1.2 

1. 1 

6.4 

1.2 

9.5 

.4 

1.5 

.4 

.1 



11.9 

3.0 

1.6 

.5 

.4 

3.2 

1.7 

.3 

P) 

.5 

8.0 

15.8 

10.7 

1.4 

11.8 

.7 

5.9 



100.0 



1 Less than Mo of 1 percent. 



204 

Age. 

Age 19 again predominated in the frequency of arrests. This was 
true not only in 1941 but also in 1932-34 and 1939-40. During 1935- 
38 arrests for ages 21, 22, and 23 exceeded arrests for age 19. 

In 1941, arrests for age 18 were second in frequency to age 19. 
The only other year in which this condition existed during the decade 
1932-41 was 1939. 

The 110,772 persons under 21 years of age arrested and fingerprinted 
in 1941 constitute 17.6 percent of the total of 630,568. The corre- 
sponding percentages for prior years were: 1940, 17.5; 1939, 18.9; 
1938, 18.8; 1937, 18.0; 1936, 17.4. 

In addition to those under voting age, there were 87,670 (13.9 
percent) between the ages of 21 and 24, making a total of 198,442 
(31.5 percent) less than 25 years old. Arrests of persons from 25 to 
29 years old numbered 96,398 (15.3 percent). The resultant total is 
294,840 (46.8 percent) less than 30 years of age. (With reference to 
the ages of persons represented by fingerprint cards received at the 
F B I, it should be borne in mind that the number of arrest records is 
doubtless incomplete in the lower age groups because in some juris- 
dictions the practice is not to fingerprint youthful individuals.) 

The 1941 figures clearly indicate that youths committed a large 
portion of the total offenses against property. This is a continuation 
of the trend revealed in prior years, and is especially true with refer- 
ence to robbery, burglary, larceny, and auto theft as shown in the 
following tabulation. 



Table 91. — Percentage distribution of arrests by age groups, male and female, 

Jan. 1-Dec. 31, 1941 



Age group 


All 
offenses ' 


Criminal 
homicide 


Robbery 


Burglary 


Larceny 


Auto 
theft 


Under 21 


17.6 
29.2 
25.9 
16.7 
10.4 
.2 


13.0 
34.8 
27.6 
15.0 
9.4 
.2 


33.0 

41.7 

18.2 

5.7 

1.3 

. 1 


46.6 
29.8 
15. 1 
6.0 
2.4 
. 1 


33.3 
30.0 
20.0 
10.8 
5.7 
.2 


57.6 


21-29 

30-39 

40-49 


29.9 

8.8 
2.8 


50 and over 

Unknown 


.8 
.1 


Total 


100. 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


Kill (1 


100.0 



1 Not limited to specific crimes listed in the table. 



205 



x »o © r-- © r— o 
oi © 01 co o. ic -r 
© — x c co ■ c J' 



tC N t' C X f — 

f> CC CO ^C ^ — 



x© o © 

OS OS 



NHrHW 



CO t- CO S3 IOCO 1>- C 



Ol — .". r- 



© O OS f CI CC 



o- © © / cc 

N cc o r- 

~. -' -* i -" 

If CO 

XiOjCOf -H 



rft © t— -f 'O — > CI »C X Ct "C © — -r 

CN © CO i — t i— i «— t -" ^ "•* lO UD Q3 l-- ww ww uu i— 

CC i-H r ) I - CO — — CO ft "J** CO CO CO i— ■ rf iO CO X CO 



-V / S - Z. f ' - f 

x -r -r — — — r — 



-t :i r. co i ~ -*< © 
i— i co t -r — >-~ co 



N oi h- oc - ■ i-cori 
— ri cc : i 

co i>- © -- '~ i - -r cs 

co' © cc* — ' w cl 



c rcr-L-.-1-c 



C M - C <-C C 



• © *-*■ •— « co <-< -^ » 



^ccd X x c. - c: : 

NO ft © © f — 



>~ S Z Z S S — 7- 

'O — — C 

■* co os cn oi x co © 



«0 00 O •— i CD i— ' © 00 C7> <— ' *C -f X © S3 3^C C"tO CCOOh^ 



- '-i-tCitcc »o ~ -r oi i"T ~ 



iO Tf CO — X CN 00 



CO *C OSCN 



HQOCOOOOMOM 



C K S O O S H 
X X X OS rt* "* oi 



j CO Ol CD r- CN 00 

00 ** OS CN CO CD 



IC Ol © CO' CD OX X; f O O X © 

© «C' CO X -fC CX H ^05C 

-f — © — ~ CI © — Ol Ol Tt* CD 



ft X X — ' CD iO CD CD O O OS 



X — I- CD CO 
HOOOOrHCO - 

OMCCCII- 

i-TrMCOCScD 



1 - X CN 1 - -*«OOi «0 



I 74 CC OS CN CD "* 



O CD >CiCC 



OS CO f CM -f 'OS 

X CD' CD OS 



CCCOTt* CO 



<£, Trf< t-i -tf CM OS O 



i-t ft CN . 



r-( HH»OH 



) CD' CO X CD' OS 



. ft ft CSNiHXi-tf 



rHNCNCOCON'OO) 
OS l>- f t X i— i CC -f CC 
dCD — I-CNtOCD'* 

n* >-' i - ©* csTcs »oT 



N iO CC CN iC X CC CO CO "O CM COOSX X ^JOOOH t CO CC"S* CD i- I i— 'X 



l- "C f -* I - 'i O f CO X t— CiOO W3 C 71 33 I 



re :o x -h t- cm »o •<-: 



CNC ■"tOOl"*'* <— i CN CN iOtJ^iH CN COCOOSCO ^O CM I- »C CO •— ' h CN 

.-TcnTi-H CN — ' 



CO -r — CI O- "M — c oi — X 
Ol © >.- — C7 iC i— < CN CM 



CD OS CD 1 —i CO CD — »C CO I - X X CO 
OWHl> 

-r cc C- CO 



JXHHKCNTfOl 
iC CN 00 N « CC -- C) 






.-'.- ci -r cm cd cm © rr os co -r co co *o r-~ * 



t- © X © X — CO © CC C © X — Ol 



I f- CC — Ol © -T 



CD ^ ft CN 



«C 01 ■— — ci •- c 

*C CO lO X CO CO » 
i-Tofr-T CN 



CN —■ -*> iO © I"- X 1 OS CO CO 



t— © CN CO CO ■— ' CN X CN © © © -h «C © >C' CO 



X 3 X ~. © — 'O 01 -f © I- X © X O © cc -r X 

- 1 © -r >c x o. -^r i-H cn co -^ *^ co " 



. © io co -r ^ © 

n »c co o co ce i-t CC' 



© oi oi © o; — - -r cc «.c oi © 

© I - -C X X I - X 01 CO X -h 

OI © 01 © — © CO t-t CN ^ 



f©Tp t}4 -^COCNOSfi X©t-X©©0© 

x^r^ x ©cm©© oscccoco-r©-t<© 

CM -t" OI CN CN CD -^ CO CO OS © iM t - i— » CO 



© © iO © •* i 



-fiONO i-h©iO »C COCDWN 



s 



: ri i - © oi © x x © co -f -^ 



M © oi -r x <- cc — 



iO CO CO CO t— OS o © I~ -T" © -"I* *C X CO © X ft CN 

t- I- —* I- I- OI uC CN CN CO © Tf © lO X »0 1^- -^ CO 

■— — -C©rCI-01 — CNCO 1-HCO CN ftCNCO 

— Ol'-f'— " 

iO © LO © OI »-C -r 'O T X CN NO0M ^O © «0 CN »C 

© -r © M X X cc ~ 01 ' t Ol i~ C l CO 1>- CN !-- © CO 

».C 1,0 © 'O © •— — • Ol CN f« i-H ft 



© X — © © © © IQCOHQ tOCDOS -^ 

»C -^ ft *C' CO © © »C CM l— CN CN -^ © 

CO CO rH ^ CI ft ft f> 



•—<©CO©XCN© ©1--CO© lONH CO 

CN N OO 00 t C CN fl CNCO CN CN 



N rH N »0 rH CN (N CO 00 N CN XOCO X lOX^^O 
CN CD id >0 00 Oi H CN ft CN © ft 



iO CO N GO CN CN CO ©tJH^h© — >CNCN '© CO^fCOCO 

„ H Oi CO t C> CN ft CNCN ft hCN»Oh 



r-*©©CN©'»Oft© 
CO ft I- © CO CN IO © 
NTfOO^CNHHh 



ft fCN CO f< 



CJCNcOH-HCtO 
rHCOCOiOOCOtOO 
©CNCNCOCNftfiX 



' f Ol CO ft 



IC CO ^J 4 CN Ol © t^ ^ 
© X X CO CC © I - — 

CM © -* CO ^— CN ^ 



IO © -^ I- I- IV- »o t- 

H ITS N CO »0 CN iO "O 



N CO N CN CN Q C -^ 

COOlCOHHlOH-t 

ft © © 



CMCMCN©X©CN© 
Ol ©CM I- I; f< I~ 



CO 00 »o 



© © »C' © © iC © CO 

ft©©©-— «©ftl" 



■SB« 



>. 






eo jo 

.2 - 

h j5 



-"btS'tf 

b a 5 c 



x 



«•<( 



K tt o S 1 d B a> a S^id 33 fe o a ** a a , 



j£j £g Bstf3 SgSsS gap-SB J M 



-~ -.,- SfH-S ~C oSS "■" C cs 03 So; 



206 




207 

The extent of the problem of the youthful offender is further indi- 
cated by an examination of the age distribution of all persons arrested 
for crimes against property. During the calendar year 1941, there 
were 140,198 persons of all ages arrested for robbery, burglary, larceny, 
auto theft, embezzlement and fraud, forgery and counterfeiting, re- 
ceiving stolen property, and arson; and 48,580 (34.7 percent) of those 
persons were less than 21 years old. The corresponding percentages 
for prior years are as follows: 1940, 32.2; 1939, 32.9; 1938, 31.5; 1937, 
31.0; 1936, 28.5. These figures indicate rather clearly an increasing 
participation in the commission of major crimes against property by 
persons under voting age. 

Further evidence of the youth problem in crime is seen in the figures 
which show that persons less than 25 years old numbered 56.0 per- 
cent of those charged with robbery, 63.1 percent of those charged with 
burglary, 49.1 percent of those charged with larceny, and 75.5 percent 
of those charged with auto theft. 



Table 93. 



-Number and percentage of arrests of persons under 25 years of age, 
male and female, Jan 1-Dec. SI, 1941 



Offense charged 



Criminal homicide 

Robbery 

Assault - 

Burglary— breaking or entering - 

Larceny — theft 

Auto theft... 

K mbezzlement and fraud 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, etc 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Rape 

Prostitution and commercialized vice. 

Other sex offenses 

Narcotic drug laws 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Offenses against family and children .. 

Liquor laws 

Driving while intoxicated 

Road and driving laws 

Parking violations 

Other traffic and motor vehicle laws.-. 

Disorderly conduct 

Drunkenness 

Vagrancy 

Gambling 

Suspicion 

Not stated 

All other offenses 

Total 



Total num 
ber of per- 
sons ar- 
rested 



6,628 

12, 165 
37, 826 
30. 037 
58, 396 
14,057 
14, 845 

2,978 
910 
6,810 
5,930 
9,273 
11, 167 
2. 593 
6,139 
9,295 

10, 363 
34, 007 

7,386 
39 

11, 184 
34. 948 

142, 748 
49. 090 

13. 510 
57. 848 

4, 085 
36.311 



630, 568 



Number 

under 21 

years of age 



864 
4,011 
4,556 
14, 004 
19, 472 
8,100 
1,198 

578 

152 
1,065 
1,648 

741 
1,705 

263 
1,175 

461 

769 
1,421 
1,385 
1 
2,487 
5,224 
5,763 



13, 795 
601 



110,772 



Total num- 
ber under 
25 years of 
age 



1,943 

6.808 

10. 379 

18, 961 

28, 684 

10.616 

3,073 

1,019 

286 

2,238 

2,876 

3, 167 

3.528 

702 

2,257 

1,818 

2,073 

5, 032 

3,024 

10 

4,870 

10. 603 

16. 547 

15.941 

2, 261 

23, 446 

1.188 

15,092 



198. 442 



Percentage 

under 21 

years of age 



13.0 
33.0 
12.0 
46.6 
33.3 
57.6 

8.1 
19.4 
16. 7 
15. 6 
27.8 

8.0 
15.3 
10.1 
19.1 

5.0 

7.4 

4.2 
18.8 

2.6 
22.2 
14.9 

4.0 
18.2 

6.6 
23. 8 
14.7 
26.2 



17.6 



Total per- 
centage 
under 25 

years of age 



29.3 
56.0 
27.4 
63.1 
49.1 
75.5 
20.7 
34.2 
31.4 
32.9 



48. 5 
34.2 
31.6 
27.1 
36.8 
19.6 
20.0 
14.8 
40.9 
25.6 
43.5 
30.3 
11.6 
32.5 
16.7 
40. 5 
29.1 
41.6 



31.5 



Criminal Repeaters. 

Fifty-one persons were arrested for criminal homicide during 1941 
whose records showed prior convictions of murder or manslaughter. 
Similarly, there were 653 persons charged with robbery and 3,126 
charged with burglary w T hose records showed prior convictions of 
robbery and burglary respectively. Confirming the results of tabu- 



208 

lations in previous years, the 1941 data reveal a tendency on the 
part of recidivists to repeat the same type of crime, especially inso- 
far as crimes against property are concerned. 

As shown in table 94, 213,027 of the persons arrested and finger- 
printed in 1941 already had records on file showing convictions of 
previous offenses. The records of those persons showed a total of 
630,912 prior convictions, of which 238,937 involved major offenses 
while 391,975 represented less serious violations. 

Although women represented 9.2 percent of the total persons ar- 
rested and fingerprinted during 1941, only 6.1 percent of the 213,027 
persons whose records showed prior convictions were women. Simi- 
larly, whereas 51.9 percent of the total males arrested and finger- 
printed during the year already had fingerprint cards on file, the 
corresponding percentage for women was 39.6. 

Table 94. — Number of cases in which fingerprint records show one or more prior 
convictions, and the total of prior convictions disclosed by the records, male and 
female, Jan. 1-Dec. 31, 1941 



Offense charged 



Criminal homicide 

Robbery 

Assault. _. ... 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Auto theft 

Embezzlement and fraud 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, etc. 

Arson . 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Rape 

Prostitution and commercialized vice- - 

Other sex offenses 

Narcotic drug laws 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Offenses against family and children 

Liquor laws 

Driving while intoxicated 

Road and driving laws___ 

Parking violations _. 

Other traffic and motor vehicle laws . 

Disorderly conduct.-.. 

Drunkenness. .. 

Vagrancy 

Gambling 

Suspicion 

Not stated. . 

All other offenses 



Tnt;ll 



Number of 
records show- 
ing one or 
more prior 
convictions 



714 
976 
048 
116 
<)i',s 
705 
736 
173 
698 
122 
206 
198 
206 
698 
L02 
376 
259 
U7 
9 
1 1X7 
329 
969 
023 
ssn 
538 
307 
570 



213,027 



Number of 
prior con- 
victions of 
major 
offenses 



1,711 
7,637 

13, 203 
21.415 
32, 522 

3,816 

7,546 

1,073 

195 

4,840 

1,797 

4,864 

3,017 

3,140 

2,303 

2, 055 

2,477 

7,341 

1,297 

4 

2. 747 

9,729 

39, 428 

20, 744 

3,386 

23, 384 

1,261 

14, 005 

238, 937 



Number of 
prior con- 
victions of 
minor 
offenses 



1,356 

5, 359 

12, 447 

10, 365 

25,314 

3,678 

4,763 

929 

191 

2,034 

1,270 

2,827 

2,963 

1,389 

2,053 

2,030 

5, 701 

9,389 

1,411 

12 

3,174 

22, 285 

171, 526 

52, 131 

2,448 

25, 524 

1,986 

17, 420 

391,975 



Total num- 
ber of prior 
convictions 

disclosed 



3,067 
12, 996 
25, 650 

31, 780 
57, 836 

9,494 

12. 309 

2,002 

386 

6,874 

3,067 

7,691 

5,980 

4,529 

!. 356 

4,085 

8,178 

16, 730 

2,708 

16 

5,921 

32, 014 
210. 954 

72. 875 
5, 83 1 

is. '.Ills 
3, '247 

31.425 

630, 912 



209 

Race. 

Most of the persons represented in lliis tabulation were members 
of the white and Negro races. With the exception of Mexicans, 
who numbered 23,127, members of the white race represent 452,275 
of the 630,568 arrest records received, while 148,119 were Negroes, 
3,624 Indians, 775 Chinese, 570 Japanese, and 2,078 were of other 
races. 

Table 95. — Distribution of arrests according to race, mah and female, Jan. 1- 

Dec. 81, 1941 



( (Sense charged 



Race 



White 



Negro 



In- 
dian 



Chi- 
nese 



Jap- 
anese 



Mex- 
ican 



All 

others 



Total 
all races 



Criminal homicide . .... 
Robbery 

Assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Auto theft _ 

Embezzlement and frauds . . 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, etc. 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Rape 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

other sex offenses 

Narcotic drug laws 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Offenses against family and children .. 

Liquor laws. 

Driving while intoxicated. .. 

Road and driving laws 

Parking violations 

Other traffic and motor vehicle laws. 

Disorderly conduct 

I >runkenness 

Vagrancy 

Gambling. . 

Suspicion 

Not stated. 

All other offenses ... .. 



Total. 



3,288 
7,385 

19, 115 

20, 810 

38, 427 

11, 166 

12. 727 
2,008 

703 
6,052 
4,129 
6.619 
8,863 

1, 540 
2,847 
7,441 
5, 169 

29, 604 
5. 406 
24 
8.016 
23. 496 
115.2611 
36. 081 
6,903 

39. 936 

2, 960 
26, 300 

452, 275 



3, 130 
4,138 

17, 021 
8, 233 

18, 134 
2,289 
1,932 

894 

188 

615 

1,483 

2,297 

1,954 

543 

3, 045 

1,450 

5,038 

2, 468 

1,729 

14 

2,575 

9,811 

17. 544 

9.976 

5. 757 

16,282 

866 

8,713 

148, 119 



24 

37 

139 

108 

21 IS 

93 

26 

3 

1 

34 

25 

72 

34 

8 

8 

33 

33 

284 

38 



65 

190 

1,455 

245 

11 
240 

36 
174 

3.624 



5 

20 

28 

16 

26 

2 

4 

2 

1 

4 

2 

15 
267 

3 
13 



10 
14 
20 
39 
169 
21 
8 
61 



24 
1!)2 
69 
3 
22 



141 
502 

1,291 
784 

1,455 

484 

125 

65 

15 

76 

243 

207 

248 

195 

173 

352 

98 

1,558 

191 

1 

460 

1,327 

S, 157 

2,528 
262 

1. 103 
189 
897 



35 

78 

216 

76 

136 

21 

22 

6 

2 

19 

46 

47 

44 

30 

50 

15 

9 

55 

15 



570 23, 127 



50 
106 
223 
197 
216 
197 

23 
144 

2,078 



6,628 

12, 165 
37, 826 
30, 037 
58, 396 
14,057 
14, 845 

2,978 

910 

6,810 

5,930 

9,273 

11, 167 

2. 593 

6,139 

9, 295 

10, 363 

34, 007 

7,386 

39 

11. 184 

34, 948 

142, 748 

49, 090 

13, 510 
57, 848 

4,085 
36,311 

630.568 



OFFENSE CLASSIFICATIONS 

In order to indicate more clearly the types of offenses included in part I and 
part II offenses, there follows a brief definition of each classification: 

Part I Offenses. 

1. Criminal homicide. — (a) Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter includes all 
wilful felonious homicides as distinguished from deaths caused by negligence. 
Does not include attempts to kill, assaults to kill, suicides, accidental deaths, or 
justifiable homicides. Justifiable homicides excluded from this classification are 
limited to the following types of cases: (1) The killing of a felon by a peace officer 
in line of duty; (2) The killing of a hold-up man by a private citizen, (b) Man- 
slaughter by negligence includes any death which the police investigation estab- 
lishes was primarily attributable to gross negligence on the part of some individual 
other than the victim. 

2. Rape. — Includes forcible rape, statutory rape (no force used — victim under 
age of consent), assault to rape, and attempted rape. 

3. Robbery. — Includes stealing or taking anything of value from the person by 
force or violence or by putting in fear, such as strong-arm robbery, stick-ups, 
robbery armed. Includes assault to rob and attempt to rob. 

4. Aggravated assault. — Includes assault with intent to kill; assault by shooting, 
cutting, stabbing, maiming, poisoning, scalding, or by the use of acids. Does not 
include simple assault, assault and battery, fighting, etc. 

5. Burglary — breaking or entering. — Includes burglary, housebreaking, safe- 
cracking, or any unlawful entry to commit a felony or a theft, even though no force 
was used to gain entrance. Includes attempted burglary. Burglary followed by 
larceny is included in this classification and not counted again as larceny. 

6. Larceny — theft (except auto theft). — (a) Fifty dollars and over in value; 
(b) under $50 in value — includes in one of the above subclassifications, depending 
upon the value of the property stolen, thefts of bicycles, automobile accessories, 
shoplifting, pocket-picking, or any stealing of property or article of value which 
is not taken by force and violence or by fraud. Does not include embezzlement, 
"con" games, forgery, worthless checks, etc. 

7. Auto theft. — Includes all cases where a motor vehicle is stolen or driven 
away and abandoned, including the so-called joy-riding thefts. Does not include 
taking for temporary use when actually returned by the taker, or unauthorized use 
by those having lawful access to the vehicle. 

Part II Offenses. 

8. Other assaults. — Includes all assaults and attempted assaults which are not 
of an aggravated nature and which do not belong in class 4. 

9. Forgery and counterfeiting. — Includes offenses dealing with the making, 
altering, uttering, or possessing, with intent to defraud, anything false which is 
made to appear true. Includes attempts. 

10. Embezzlement and fraud. — Includes all offenses of fraudulent conversion, 
embezzlement, and obtaining money or property by false pretenses. 

11. Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing. — Includes buying, receiving, 
and possessing stolen property as well as attempts to commit any of those offenses. 

(210) 



211 

12. Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. — Includes all violations of regulations 
or statutes controlling the carrying, using, possessing, furnishing, and manufactur- 
ing of deadly weapons or silencers and all attempts to violate such statutes or 
regulations. 

13. Prostitution and commercialized vice. — -Includes sex offenses of a commercial- 
ized nature, or attempts to commit the same, such as prostitution, keeping bawdy 
house, procuring, transporting, or detaining women for immoral purposes. 

14. Sex offenses (except rape and prostitution and commercialized vice). — In- 
cludes offenses against chastity, common decency, morals, and the like. Includes 
attempts. 

15. Offenses against the family and children. — Includes offenses of nonsupport, 
neglect, desertion, or abuse of family and children. 

16. Narcotic drug laws. — Includes offenses relating to narcotic drugs, such as 
unlawful possession, sale, or use. Exclude Federal offenses. 

17. Liquor laws. — With the exception of "Drunkenness" (class 18) and "Driving- 
while intoxicated" (class 22), liquor law violations, State or local, are placed in 
this class. Exclude Federal violations. 

18. Drunkenness. — Includes all offenses of drunkenness or intoxication. 

19. Disorderly conduct. — Includes all charges of committing a breach of the 
peace. 

20. Vagrancy. — Includes such offenses as vagabondage, begging, loitering, etc. 

21. Gambling. — Includes offenses of promoting, permitting, or engaging in 
gambling. 

22. Driving while intoxicated. — Includes driving or operating any motor vehicle 
while drunk or under the influence of liquor or narcotics. 

23. Violation of road and driving laws! — Includes violations of regulations with 
respect to the proper handling of a motor vehicle to prevent accidents. 

24. Parking violations. — Includes violations of parking ordinances. 

25. Other violations of traffic and motor vehicle laws. — Includes violations of 
State laws and municipal ordinances with regard to traffic and motor vehicles 
not otherwise provided for in classes 22-24. 

26. All other offenses. — Includes all violations of State or local laws for which 
no provision has been made above in classes 1-25. 

27. Suspicion. — This classification includes all persons arrested as suspicious 
characters, but not in connection with any specific offense, who are released with- 
out formal charges being placed against them. 



INDEX TO VOLUME XII, UNIFORM CRIME REPORTS 

[All references are to page numbers] 

Age of offenders. (See Arrests.) 

Annual crime trends: Page 

( 'ities grouped by size 6-8, 70-73, 134-136 

Estimated total number of major crimes, 1940-41 168-169, 201 

Arrests— based on fingerprint records 118-126, 155-162, 202-209 

Age of offenders 121-124, 157-160, 204-207 

Race of offenders 125-126, 161-162, 209 

Recidivism 124-125, 160-161,207-208 

Sex of offenders 119-120, 156-157,202-203 

Automobiles — percentage of stolen recovered. __ 86,94,148,196 

Classification of offenses. _ 2-3, 62-63, 66-67, 127-128, 130, 163-164, 170, 210-211 

Cleared by arrest, offenses 18-24, 36-38 

By geographic divisions _ _ ! 39-61 

Convictions, previous. (See Arrests — recidivism.) 

Crimes. (*See Arrests, estimated number, offenses, persons charged, persons 

found guilty, and persons released.) 
Criminal repeaters. (See Arrests — recidivism.) 

Employees, number of police 89-117 

Fingerprint records 118-126, 155-162,202-209 

Offenses known to the police: 

Annual variations. 6-8, 70-73, 134-136, 168-169,201 

Cities grouped by location 9-11, 74-78, 137-141, 145, 177-182 

Cities grouped by location and size 9-11, 74-78, 137-141, 182 

Cities grouped by size 5-6, 69-70, 132-133, 172-173 

Cleared by arrest 18-24, 36-38 

Cleared by arrest, by geographic divisions 39-61 

Divided as to time and place and value of property stolen 84-87, 

147, 193-195 

Individual cities over 100,000 in population 12-14, 79-81, 142-144 

Individual cities over 25,000 in population 183-190 

Monthly variations 174-176 

Rural areas 14-15, 82, 146, 191 

Compared with urban areas _ 191 

Territories and possessions of the United States 15, 82-83, 146, 192 

Persons charged (held for prosecution) 21-29 

By geographic divisions 39-61 

For individual cities with more than 25,000 inhabitants 149-154 

Persons found guilty 29-33 

Persons released (not held for prosecution) 33-36 

Police department employees 89-1 17 

Police officers killed by criminals, 1940 90-91 

Possessions and Territories of the United States, offenses in__ 15, 82-83, 146, 192 

Property, value stolen and recovered - 83, 88, 148, 197-198 

Prosecution, persons held for. (See Persons charged and persons found 
guilty.) 

(212) 



213 

Race of offenders. (See Arrests.) 

Recidivism. (»See Arrests.) Page 

Reporting area, extent of 3-4, 67-68, 131, 170-171 

Rural crime data 14-15, 82, 146, 191 

Compared with urban 191 

Sex of offenders. (See Arrests.) 

Sheriffs' reports 14-15, 82, 146, 191 

State crime rates. (See Offenses known — cities grouped by location.) 

State police reports 14-15, 82, 146, 191 

Territories and possessions of the United States, offenses in 15, 82-83, 146, 192 

Traffic fatalities, percentage classed as negligent homicide 199-200 

Trends, annual crime: 

Cities grouped by size 6-8, 70-73, 134-136 

Estimated total number of major crimes, 1940-41 169-168, 201 

Trends, monthly crime 174-176 

Value of property stolen and recovered 83, 88, 148, 197-198 

o 






tf 



,ll|p!.?S. l ;H?. U 9UBR4Rv 



3 9999 06351 991