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Full text of "Uniform crime reports for the United States"

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Given By „,,-,- 

13. S. SUPT. OF DOCUMENTS 



UNIFORM 

CRIME 
REPORTS 



FOR THE UNITED STATES 
AND ITS POSSESSIONS 




ISSUED BY THE 

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 

WASHINGTON, D. C. 



Volume XIV Number 1 

SEMIANNUAL BULLETIN, 1943 



UNIFORM 
CRIME REPORTS 

FOR THE UNITED STATES 
AND ITS POSSESSIONS 



Volume XIV — Number 1 
SEMIANNUAL BULLETIN, 1943 



Issued by the 

Federal Bureau of Investigation 

United States Department of Justice 

Washington, D. C. 




ADVISORY 



International Association of Chiefs of Police 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1943 



^ 



F^UBLIC 



0. 8. SUPERINTENDENT OF DOCUMENT 

SEP 21 1943 

Contents fff //' 



Summary of volume XIV, No. 1 1-3 

Classification of offenses 3 

Monthly reports: 

Offenses known to the police — cities divided according to population 

(table 1) 4-5 

Annual trends, offenses known to the police, 1939-43 (table 2) 6-9 

Offenses known to the police — cities divided according to location 

(tables 3, 4) 8, 10-12 

Offenses in individual cities over 100,000 in population (table 5) 12-14 

Data from supplementary offense reports (tables 6, 7) 14-16 

Police employee data: 

Number of police department employees per 1,000 inhabitants, April 

30, 1943, cities grouped by size and location (tables 8, 9) 17-20 

Number of auxiliary police per 1,000 inhabitants, April 30, 1943, 

cities grouped by size and location (tables 8, 10) 20-22 

Number of police employees in indijydual cities over 25,000 in popu- 
lation, 1940, 1942, 1943 (tabie-U) 21,23-26 

Number of auxiliary police, 1943, in individual cities over 25,000 in 

population (table 11) 23-26 

Annual reports: 

/ Offenses known and offenses cleared by arrest, 1942 — cities divided 

I according to population (table 12) 27-30 

I Persons charged (held for prosecution), 1942 — cities divided according 

/ to population (tables 13, 14) 31-33 

I Offenses known, offenses cleared by arrest, and persons found guilty, 

\ 1942 (table 15) 34-35, 37 

^ Persons charged (held for prosecution), and persons found guilty, 

1942 (table 16) 36 

Persons released (not held for prosecution), 1942 — cities divided 

according to population (tables 17, 18)_-- 36, 38-40 

Offenses known, offenses cleared by arrest, and persons charged, 1942, 

by geographic divisions (tables 19, 20) 40-43 

Data compiled from fingerprint cards, 1942: 

Sex distribution of persons arrested (table 21) 44-45 

Age distribution of persons arrested (tables 22, 23) 45-48 

Definitions of part I and part II offense classifications 49-50 

(II) 



UNIFORM CRIME REPORTS 

J. Edgar Hoover, Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation, U. S. Department 
of Justice, Washington, D. C. 

Volume XIV July 1943 Number 1 



SUMMARY 

Crime Trends, January-June, 1939-43. 

While other crimes tend to decrease, rape and aggravated assault 
continue to increase under wartime conditions. Compared with the 
pre-war average for January-June of 1939-41, rapes increased 10.5 
percent during the first half of 1942, and for the first half of 1943 
exceeded the pre-war average by 28.4 percent. Aggravated assaults 
by June of last year were 8.5 percent over the pre-war average and 
during January-June of 1943 were 13.8 percent in excess of the pre- 
war average. 

Murders, the first half of this year, were 4.4 percent under the 
pre-war average, and negligent manslaughters, following generally 
the trend in traffic deaths, were down 9.5 percent from the average 
for January-June of 1939-41. Property crimes showed decreases 
during the first half of this year from the pre-war average as follows: 
Robbery, —10.9 percent; burglary, —10.8 percent; larceny, —13.4 
percent; and auto theft, —5.2 percent. 

Although the number of property crimes decreased, there was a 
10.2 percent increase in the average value of property stolen per 
offense of burglary, and a similar increase of 27.1 percent for larceny, 
with the result that the total value of property involved in crimes 
against property was substantially the same in 1943 as in the fu'st 
half of 1942. 

Police Department Employees and Auxiliary Police, April 30, 1943. 

There were 1.77 police department employees per 1,000 inhabitants 
on April 30 of this year in cities over 25,000. The survey this year 
showed a 3.1 percent reduction in police strength since April 30, 1942. 
An inquiry of a limited number of cities over 25,000 indicated a per- 
sonnel turnover during the 18-nionth period ending June 30, 1943, 
ranging from 5.7 percent to 60.0 percent with a 22.9 percent turn-over 
in the average department. 

For every 100 police department employees on April 30 of this 
year the reporting cities showed 203 auxiliary police, representing 
volunteers for auxiliary police duty who may be called to assist the 
police department during an air raid or other war emergency condition. 

(1) 



Compilations are included in this issue of the bulletin showing the 
number of police department employees and the number of auxiliary 
police per '1,000 inhabitants as of April 30, 1943, for cities grouped 
according to size and location. The survey covers every city in the 
Nation with more than 25,000 inhabitants. A tabulation for indi- 
vidual cities is also presented showing the number of police employees 
on April 30, 1943, in comparison with the figures for April 30 of last 
year and the average personnel in the individual departments during 
1940. 

Offenses Cleared by Arrest, 1942. 

Of eacli group of 1,000 crimes against the person, 817 were followed 
by the arrest of the offender last year, while in a representative group 
of 1,000 crimes against property 265 were cleared. Murders ranked 
first with 90.6 percent cleared followed by negligent manslaughters 
with a percentage cleared of 86.1. Of the rapes reported, 81.2 percent 
were cleared and arrests were made in 80.5 percent of the other 
felonious assaults. 

For crimes against property the proportion cleared for individual 
offenses was as follows: Robbery, 43.3 percent; burglary, 31.5 per- 
cent; auto theft, 25.0 percent; and larceny, 24.6 percent. 

Persons Found Guilty, 1942. 

Of all persons formally charged by the police, 79.4 percent were 
found guilty last year. The proportion of those charged who were 
found guilty ranged from 42.6 percent for manslaughter by negli- 
gence to 87.2 percent for driving while intoxicated. 

Of those charged with crimes against the person, 69.4 percent were 
found guilty (49.8 percent guilty as charged, and 19.6 percent guilty 
of a lesser offense). Of those charged with crimes against property, 
75.9 percent were found guilty (67.2 percent guilty as charged, and 
8.7 percent guilty of a less serious ofl'ense). 

Persons Arrested, 1943. 

Of the 230,740 fingerprint arrest records received at the FBI 
during the first half of this year, 193,998 represented males and 36,742, 
females. Male arrests declined 29.3 percent and female arrests in- 
creased 18.4 percent. For male ari'ests the predominating age was 
18 followed by age 17, and for females ages 19 and 18 predominated 
in that order. 

For males and females combined the arrests of i)ersons age 17 
showed a 17.7 percent increase. Arrests of girls under 21 during the 
first half of 1943 increased 64.7 percent over the first half of 1942; 
the lunnber of such arrests for the first half of 1943 exceeded the figure 
for the entire 1941 calendar year. For offenses against connnon 
decency arrests of girls under 21 increased 89.5 percent the first half 
of 1943. 



Of the 230,740 arrest records examined, 47.3 percent represented 
persons who already had fingerprmt records on file at the FBI. 
For males the percentage with prior records was 50.2 atid for females 
the percentage was 31.6. 

CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENSES 

The term "offenses known to tlie police" is designed to include those 
crimes designated as part I classes of tiie miiform classification occur- 
ring within the police jurisdiction, whether they become known to the 
police through reports of police officers, of citizens, of prosecuting or 
court officials, or otherwise. They are confined to the following group 
of seven classes of grave offenses, shown by experience to be those most 
generally and completely reported to the police: Criminal homicide, 
including (a) murder, nonnegligent manslaughter, and (b) manslaugh- 
ter by negligence; rape; robbery; aggravated assault; burglary — break- 
ing or entering; larceny — theft; and auto theft. The figures contained 
herein include also the number of attempted crimes of the designated 
classes. In other words, an attempted burglary or robbery, for ex- 
ample, is reported in the bulletin in the same manner as if the crime 
had been completed. Attempted murders, however, are reported as 
aggravated assaults. 

"Offenses known to the police" include, therefore, all of the above 
offenses, including attempts, which are reported by the law-enforce- 
ment agencies of contributing communities and not merely arrests or 
cleared cases. Offenses committed by juveniles are included in the 
same manner as those known to have been committed by adults, 
regardless of the prosecutive action. Complaints which upon inves- 
tigation are learned to be groundless are not included in the tabulations 
which follow. 

In publishing the data sent in by chiefs of police in different cities, 
the FBI does not vouch for their accuracy. They are given out as 
current information which may throw some light on problems of 
crime and criminal-law enforcement. 

In compiling the tables, returns which were apparently incomplete 
or otherwise defective were excluded. 

In the last section of this bulletin may be found brief definitions of 
part I and II offense classifications. 



MONTHLY REPORTS 

Offenses Known to the Police — Cities Divided According to Population. 

The monthly crime reports received from 2,100 cities during the 
first 6 months of 1943 were used in preparing the crime rate tabulations 
presented in this issue of the Uniform Crime Reports bulletin. A 
combined population of 65,064,727 is represented by the reporting 
cities, and the number of offenses reported together with the rate per 
100,000 inhabitants are presented in table 1 with the cities grouped 
according to size. Similar data for cities grouped not only by size 
but also by location may be found in table 4. 

As a general rule more crime per unit of population is reported by 
cities with population in excess of 100,000 than is reported by the 
smaller communities. This was true for the first half of 1943 for all 
offense classes except aggravated assault and larceny. As indicated 
in table 1 the highest aggravated assault rate was for cities with popu- 
lation of 50,000 to 100,000 while the number of larcenies per 100,000 
inliabitants in cities with population from 25,000 to 100,000 exceeded 
the rate for cities with population in excess of 250,000. 

A comparison of the data in table 1 with the comparable tabulation 
presented in the semiannual issue of the bulletin for last year gives 
some indication of the trends in crime among cities of various popula- 
tion groups even though the two tabulations are not based on the 
reports of identical cities. Such a comparison shows increases in the 
number of offenses of rape per 100,000 inhabitants for cities of all 
population groups except the group of cities with less than 10,000 
inhabitants. Aggravated assaults increased in cities of all sizes except 
those in the 25,000-100,000 population group. Robl)eries increased 
in cities from 50,000 to 250,000, and also in cities with population 
under 10,000. Only two population groups showed increases in 
murder, the 50,000-100,000 group and cities under 10,000. Auto 
thefts showed increases in the cities from 100,000 to 250,000, and in 
cities with population less than 25,000. Offenses of manslaughter by 
negligence, burglary, and larceny showed decreases in all population 
groups. 

(4) 



Table \.- -Offenses known to the police, January to June, inclusive, 1943; number 

and rate per 100,000 inhabitants, by population groups 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Population group 



Criminal homi- 
cide 



Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



Rape 



Rob- 
bery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
entering 



Larceny 
—theft 



Auto 
theft 



GROUF I 

36 cities over 250,000; total popula- 
tion, 29,894,166; 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 

GROUP II 

55 cities, 100,000 to 250,000; total 
population, 7,792,650: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 

GROUP III 

96 cities, 50,000 to 100,000; total 
population, 6,631,627: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 

GROUP IV 

184 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; total 
population, 6,374,633: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 

GROUP V 

522 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; total 
population, 7.933,125: 

Number of offenses known 

Ratejier 100,000 

GROUP VI 

1,207 cities under 10,000; total popu- 
lation, 6,438,526: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 

TOTAL, GROUPS I-VI 

2,100 cities; total population, 
65,064,727: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 



220 
2.82 



177 
2.67 



128 
2.01 



110 
1.39 



1,612 
2.48 



1 493 
1.74 



176 
2.26 



93 
1.46 



59 
0.74 



51 
0.79 



1 971 
1.53 



1,994 
6.67 



436 
5.60 



311 



248 



337 
4.25 



224 
3.48 



3,550 
5.46 



9,538 
31.9 



1,380 
20.8 



806 
12.6 



679 
8.6 



581 
9.0 



8,120 
27.2 



2,193 
28.1 



1,949 
29.4 



1,708 
26.8 



1,151 
14.5 



859 
13.3 



14, 872 
22.9 



15, 980 
24.6 



t 34, 291 
167.2 



15, 095 
193.7 



9,992 
150.7 



8,540 
134.0 



5,977 
92.8 



2 82, 759 
148.6 



2 79, 106 25, 860 
385. 7 86. 5 



37, 365 
479.5 



28,626 
449. 1 



28, 701 
361.8 



14. 988 
232.8 



2 218, 627 
392.7 



8,708 
111.7 



29, 841 5, 406 
450. 81. 5 



4,664 
73.2 



4,919 
62.0 



3,101 
48.2 



52, 658 



1 The number of offenses and rate for manslaughter by negligence are based on reports as follows: Group 
I, 35 cities, total population, ^,389,889; groups I-Vl, 2,099 cities, total population, 63,560,450. 

2 The number of offenses and rate for burglary and larceny — theft are based on reports as follows: Group 
I, 34 pities, total population, 20,507,837; groups I-VI, 2,098 cities, total population, 55,678,398. 



ANNUAL CRIME TRENDS 

OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE 

January-June, 1939-1943 

318 CITIES WITH OVER 25,000 INHJkBITJiNTS; 
COMBINED POPULATION 45,062,198 



Murder 



Negligent 
Manslaughter 





^**aM**^^**M«** 



Offense 1939 I940 1941 19^2 1943 




^^^^^Q^^^^l 1 259 


1,185 


1,277 


1,264 


1,183 




Manslaughter 
by Negligence 


789 


971 


90I 


973 


802 




Rape 


2,05l 


2,038 


2,155 


2, 3 CO 


2,673 




Aggravated 
Assault 


9,682 


IO,206 


10,649 


1 l,042 


1 1,585 









' 


Rape 












Aggravated 
Assatilt 








1939 


1940 


1941 


1942 


1943 








1939 


1940 


1941 


1942 


1943 









FiGUUE 1. 



Annual Trends, Offenses Known to the Police, 1939 43. 

The offenses which appear to have definitely emerged as wartime 
crimes are rape and aggravated assault. Although other offenses have 
shown a tendency to decline in number, these crimes have continued 
to show steady upward trends since the outbreak of the war. Rapes 
and aggravated assaults for the first half of 1942 were 10.5 percent and 
8.5 percent, respectively, in excess of the pre-war average for 1939-41, 
and during January-June of 1943 rapes increased 16.2 percent and 
aggravated assaults rose 4.9 percent over the figures for the first half 
of 1942. "VMien compared with the pre-war average for January-June 
of 1939-41, offenses of rape during the first half of this year showed an 
increase of 28.4 percent and aggravated assaults were up 13.8 percent. 

The recent disruptions in the economic and social status of the popu- 
lation in many cities and the resultant increased congestion and 
personal contact are factors which probably contribute to the rise in 
assaults and rapes during boom conditions such as these. The decline 
in the number of other types of crimes is undoubtedly partially attri- 
butable to the fact that millions of males are in the armed forces and 
also to the fact that employment has reached unprecedentedly high 
levels in the United States. 

Murders during 1942 showed little change from the pre-war average 
for 1939-41, with a 2.2 percent increase at the end of June and a 1.6 
percent increase by the close of the year. The first half of 1943 
showed murders 4.4 percent under the pre-war average. Negligent 
manslaughters started high in 1942, but the excess over the pre-war 
average gradually diminished to an increase of only 1.3 percent at the 
end of the year. These deaths are composed almost entirely of traffic 
deaths and with the curtailment in the use of automobiles such offenses 
naturally declined. A 9.5 percent decrease in manslaughter by negli- 
gence was recorded for the first half of 1943 from the average figures 
for January- June of 1939-41. 

Crimes against property showed decreases during the first half of 
1943 from the pre-war average as follows: Robbery, —10.9 percent; 
burglary, —10.8 percent; larceny, —13.4 percent; and auto theft, 
— 5.2 percent. However, each of these crimes, though still under the 
pre-war average at the end of June, showed tendencies during the 6- 
month period to approach the pre-war average; that is, the marked 
decreases noted at the beginning of 1943 have gradually duninished 
during the 6-month period. 

This trend was particularly noticeable for auto thefts. These 
offenses decreased steadily during 1942 but the excess of the pre-war 
average over the 1943 figures has gradually become smaller as indi- 
cated by the following figures showing the difference between the 
number of auto thefts during the first half of 1943 and the average 
figures for 1939-41 for each month: January, —25.0 percent; February, 

547232°— 43 2 



8 



— 16.9 percent; March, —7.7 percent; April, +4.3 percent; May, 
+ 14.4 percent; and June, +1.7 percent. For the 6-month period of 
January-June of this year auto thefts were still 7.0 percent under the 
figure for the first half of 1942 and 5^ percent under the pre-war 
average for January- June. 

There are presented in table 2 the annual trends in offenses known 
to the police in 318 cities with population in excess of 25,000. Figures 
for the first half of 1942 and 1943 are shown by quarters in comparison 
with the average for the same period of 1939-41. 

Table 2.- — Annual trends, offenses known to the police, 318 cities over 25,000 in 
population, January-June, 1939-43 
[Total population, 45,062,198, based on 1940 decennial census] 



Criminal homi- 
cide 



Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



Rape 



Rob- 
bery 



vated 
assault 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



Jl^'"! Auto 
theft ^'^^^ 



January to March: 
Average 1939-41 

1942 

1943 

April to June: 

Average 1939-41 

1942 __ 

1943 

January to June: 
Average 1939-41 

1942 

1943 



591 

595 
575 

646 
669 



1,237 
1,264 
1,183 



476 
553 
421 

410 
420 
381 



973 
802 



1,0!7 
1,115 
1,243 

1,064 
1,185 
1,430 

2,081 
2,300 
2,673 



7, 350 
7,046 
6,310 

5,927 
5,776 
5,526 

13, 277 
12, 821 
11,836 



4,597 
4,957 
5,513 

5,584 
6,085 
6,072 

10, 181 
11,042 
11,585 



36, 674 
36, 299 
31, 679 

33, 961 

30. 634 
31, 336 

70. 635 
66, 933 
63,015 



,740 

,801 
,482 

049 
672 
543 

789 
473 
025 



20, 731 
21, 999 
17, 321 

19, 558 
19. 069 
20, 890 

40, 289 
41,068 
38, 211 



Offenses Known to the Police — Cities Divided According to Location. 

Because the frequency of crime varies greatly among the different 
sections of the country, the data shown in table 1 are subdivided in 
table 4 with the ciimp rates presented for cities grouped not only by 
size, but also by geographic division. The figures shown in tables 1 
and 4 are supplemented by the information appearing in table 3 
which shows the number of cities represented in each group. 

A compilation similar to table 4 appears in the semiannual issue of 
the bulletin for 1942 and though not based on exactly the same cities 
the regional crime rates for the two periods are generally comparable. 
A comparison of the crime rates for the first half of 1942 and 1943 
shows murder increases this year in the West North Central, West 
South Central, and Mountain geographic divisions. Robberies 
increased in the New England, the South Atlantic, Mountain, and 
Pacific States; aggravated assaults increased in the New England, East 
North Central, Alountain, and Pacific States; buiglaries showed 
increases in the West North Central, Mountain, and Pacific States; 
and auto thefts increased in the West South Central, Mountain, and 
Pacific geographic divisions. Larcenies showed decreases in all 
geographic divisions. 



9 



ANNUAL CRIME TRENDS 

OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE 

January-June, 1939-1943 

318 CITIES WITH OVER 25,000 INHABITANTS; 
COMBINED POPULATION 45,062,198 





1939 


























1939 




1940 




1941 

































































1 


943 












































































'■:■•'■: 































1 Offense \ 1939 1 I940 1 1941 1 1942 1 1943 










Larceny 












Auto Theft 








1939 


1940 


1941 


1942 


1943 






1 


»9 


1940 


1941 


1942 


1943 









Figure 2. 



10 

Table 3. — Number of cities inrbided in the tahvlation of uniform crim.e re-ports, 
Januarij to June, inclusive, 1943 

[Population figures based on 1940 decennial census] 



GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION 

New England: 172 cities; total population, 
5,586,074 

Middle Atlantic: 497 cities; total population, 
18,773,151 

East North Central: 506 cities; total popula- 
tion, 16,129,608 

West North Central: 255 cities; total popula- 
tion, 5,346,212 

South Atlantic: ' 187 cities; total population, 
5,583,991 

East South Central: 87 cities; total popula- 
tion, 2,378,530 

West South Central: 124 cities; total popula- 
tion, 3.777,462 

Mountain: 86 cities; total population, 
1,445,710 

Pacific: 186 cities; total population, 6,043,989, . 

Total: 2,100 cities; total population, 65,064,727. 







Population 








Group 


Group 
II 


Group 
III 


Group 
IV 


Group 

V 


Group 
VI 


Total 


Over 
250,000 


100,000 

to 
250,000 


50,000 

to 
100,000 


25,000 

to 
50,000 


10,000 

to 
25,000 


Less 
than 
10,000 




2 


10 


11 


29 


65 


55 


172 


6 


11 


19 


27 


130 


304 


497 


8 


10 


22 


55 


109 


302 


506 


4 


6 


8 


11 


60 


167 


255 


3 


7 


15 


19 


43 


100 


187 


3 


3 


4 


8 


20 


49 


87 


4 


3 


8 


11 


32 


66 


124 


1 
5 


1 
5 


2 

7 


7 
17 


23 

40 


52 
112 


86 
186 


36 


55 


96 


184 


522 


1,207 


2,100 



1 Includes report of District of Columbia. 

In order that the information may be readily available, there are 
listed below the States included in the nine geographic divisions. 

States Divided by Geographic Divisions 



New England: 
Connecticut. 
Maine. 

Massachusetts. 
New Hampshire. 
Rhode Island. 
Vermont. 

West North Central: 
Iowa. 
Kansas. 
Minnesota. 
Missouri. 
Nebraska. 
North Dakota. 
South Dakota. 

West South Central: 
Arkansas. 
Louisiana. 
Oklahoma. 
Texas. 



Middle Atlantic: 
New Jersey. 
New York. 
Pennsvlvania. 



South Atlantic: i 
Delaware. 
Florida. 
Georgia. 
Maryland. 
North Carolina. 
South Carolina. 
Virginia. 
West Virginia. 

Mountain: 
Arizona. 
(Colorado. 
Idaho. 
Montana. 
Nevada. 
New Mexico. 
Utah. 
Wyoming. 



East North Central: 
Illinois. 
Indiana. 
Michigan. 
Ohio. 
Wisconsin. 

East South Central: 
,\labama. 
Kentucky. 
Mississippi. 
Tennessee. 



Pacific : 

California. 

Oregon. 

Washington. 



'Includes District of Columbia. 



11 



Table 4. — Nxnmher of offenses known to the -police -per 100,000 inhabitants, January 
to June, inclusive, 1943, by geographic divisions and population groups 

[Based on 1940 decennial census] 



New England: 

Group I__ 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI__. 

Total, groups I-VI 

Middle Atlantic: 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

Total, groups I-VI 

East North Central; 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

Total, groups I-VI 

West North Central: 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

Total, groups I-VI 

South Atlantic: 3 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

Total, groups I-VI 

East South Central: 

Group I ^ ^ 

Group II _ _ 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

Total, groups I-VI 

West South Central: 

Group I 

Group II ^..._ _ 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

Total, groups I-VI 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Murder, 

nonneg- 
Ugent man- 
slaughter 



0.39 
0.52 
0.84 
0.30 
0.49 
1.15 



0.54 



1.73 
0.97 
0.84 
0.53 
0.39 
0.56 



1.30 



2.44 
1.95 
1.35 
1.16 
0.79 
0.93 



1.82 



2.66 
2.36 
1.09 
0.56 
0.68 
0.60 



1.66 



5.30 
5.67 



6.64 



8.75 
8.35 
10.68 
6.67 
6.87 
6.39 



.20 



8.76 
5.15 
5.71 
4. .52 
3.76 
7.73 



.62 



Robbery 



10.8 
11.9 
10.2 
1.7 
2.6 
2.3 



7.3 



12.0 
9.7 
7.4 
5.5 
5.6 
4.9 



50.0 
31.3 
16.4 
9.5 
7.2 
6.4 



31.5 



16.0 
13.3 
6.9 
4.7 
5.8 
3.9 



10.4 



36.3 
51.6 
33.6 
32.4 
11.6 
17.6 



33.7 



48. 1 
28.2 
20.6 
28.2 
24.9 
12.0 



32.5 



25.8 
23.5 
52.6 
15.4 
10.4 
13.9 



25.5 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



7.2 
8.4 
3.9 
2.6 
2.0 
2.6 



17.4 
16.3 
11.3 
11.2 
7.0 
6.2 



14.5 



Burglary- 
breaking 

or 
entering 



67.9 
195.7 
119.3 
91.2 
92.1 
76.5 



115.8 



1 111.7 
97.3 
113.8 
97.7 
77.3 
60.4 



2 92.0 



28.9 
26.0 
16.5 
7.5 
4.8 
6.5 



20.1 



22.9 
12.8 
4.2 
0.8 
4.0 
3.8 



12.0 



152.8 
181.6 
147.8 
115.2 
101.2 
80.7 



137.9 



125.8 
120.2 
131.7 

94.5 
110.4 

77.4 



113.4 



49.3 
71.5 
99.8 
161.5 
71.0 
51.8 



77.7 



53.3 
59.2 
37.7 
59.2 
69.1 
26.8 



52.3 



63.4 
42.0 
48.7 
35. 6 
21.7 
33.6 



47.1 



158.1 
298.6 
186.7 
206.9 
138.4 
118.9 



188.2 



223.4 
243.6 
207.2 
194,5 
170.9 
90.7 



201.1 



194.9 
245.9 
138.2 
1.55. 9 
129.1 
119.9 



173.4 



Lar- 
ceny — 
theft 



134.7 
345.5 

268.8 
238.3 
187.3 
151.8 



235.2 



1 169.4 
211.5 
228.3 
220. 
176.5 
118.2 



2 182. 



325.6 
505.1 
423.8 
410.1 
345.6 
195.7 



350.5 



316.1 
329.1 
477.7 
361.7 
338.3 
171.6 



318.5 



434.8 
745.2 
623.8 
655.1 
427.2 
269.6 



533.1 



449.6 
534.5 
458.5 
548.9 
464.8 
105.5 



441.6 



541.2 
770.6 
537.2 
662.2 
426.1 
245.4 



540.5 



12 



Table 4. — Number of offenses knorvn to the police per 100,000 inhabitants, January 
to June, inclusive, 194S, by geographic divisions and population groups — Con. 



Mountain: 
Group I- _. 
Group II _ 
Group III- 
Group IV- 
Group v.. 
Group VI. 



Total, groups I-VI, 



Pacific: 

Group I--. 
Group II- . 
Group III- 
Group IV- 
Group V-., 
Group VI. 



Total, groups I- VI. 



Murder, 

li.°^Tnfan-: ^"^bcry 
slaughter 



2.79 
1.33 
4.25 
1.22 
0.89 
2.92 



47.8 
18.0 
69.7 
34.6 

9.8 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



2.08 



2.38 
1.56 
1.64 
1.27 
0.52 
1.16 



1.82 



31.8 



69.5 
34.3 
28.1 
19.4 
23.4 
17.5 



47.9 



7.8 
22.0 
57.0 
9.8 
8.0 
19.7 



15.9 



32.7 
21.>8 
13.5 
12.7 
15.2 
16»4 



24.8 



Burglary- 
breaking 

or 
entering 



313.9 
314.8 
279.0 
183.0 
155.8 
163.3 



223.6 



260.2 
244.5 
213.6 
217.3 
200.9 
172.6 



23G. 2 



Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 



632.4 
651.6 
919.4 
967.9 
758.0 
416.0 



702.9 



661.2 
721.2 
833.3 
761.0 
1,001.8 
700.1 



727.8 



Auto 
theft 



107.9 
146.1 
163.3 
190.7 
81.0 
84.2 



119.7 



277.8 
225.7 
141.2 
155.2 
222.3 
164.2 



232.8 



1 The rates for burglary and larceny are based on the reports of 4 cities. 

2 The rates for burglary and larceny are based on the reports of 495 cities. 
' Includes the District of Columbia. 

Offenses in Individual Cities With More Than 100,000 Inhabitants. 

The number of offenses reported as having been committed during 
the period of January-June 1943 is shown in table 5. The compila- 
tion includes the reports received from police departments in cities 
with more than 100,000 inhabitants. Police administrators and 
other interested individuals will probably find it desirable to compare 
the crime rates of their cities with the average rates shown in tables 
1 and 4 of this publication. Similarly, they will doubtless desh'e 
to make comparisons with the figures for their communities for 
prior periods, in order to determine whether there has been an increase 
or a decrease in the amount of crime committed. 

Caution should be exercised in comparing crime data for individual 
cities, because differences in the figures may be due to a variety of 
factors. The amount of crime committed in a conunmiity is not 
solely chargeable to the police but is rather a charge against the 
entire community. The following is a list of some of the factors 
which might affect the amount of crime in a community: 

Population of the city and metropolitan area adjacent thereto. 
The composition of the population with reference particularly 

to age, sex, and race. 
The economic status and activities of the poi)ulation. 
Climate. 

Educational, i-ecreational, and religious facilities. 
The number of police employees per unit of population. 
The standards governing appoint men ts to the police force. 
The policies of the prosecuting ollicials and the courts. 
The attitude of the public toward law-enforcement problems. 
The degree of efficiency of the local law-enforcement agency. 



13 



It should be remembered that the war has brought about marked 
changes in some of the foregoing factors in many communities. 

In comparing crime rates, it is generally more important to deter- 
mine whether the figures for a given community show increases, or 
decreases in the amount of crime committed than to ascertain whether 
the figures are above or below those of some other communit}^. 

Table 5. — Number of offenses known to the police, January to June, inclusive, 
194s, cities over 100,000 in pop^dation 



City 



Akron, Ohio 

Albany, N. Y 

Atlanta, Ga 

Baltimore, Md---_ 
Birmingham, Ala. 



Boston, Mass 

Bridgeport, Conn. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Cambridge, Mass. 
Camden, N. J 



Canton, Ohio 

Charlotte, N. C 

Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Chicago, 111- - 

Cincinnati, Ohio.... 



Cleveland, Ohio- 
Columbus, Ohio. 

Dallas, Tex 

Dayton, Ohio 

Denver, Colo 



Des Moines, lovra. 

Dctroit, Mich 

Duluth, Minn 

Elizabeth, N. J.... 
Erie, Pa 



Fall River, Mass.. 

Flint, Mich 

Fort Wayne, Ind. 
Fort Worth, Tex.. 
Gary, Ind 



Grand Rapids, Mich- 
Hartford, Conn 

Honolulu, Hawaii 

Houston, Tex.- 

Indianapolis, Ind 



Jacksonville, Fla.. 
Jersey City, X. J... 
Kansas City, Kans. 
Kansas City, Mo... 
Knoxville, Term 



Long Beach, Calif. 
Los Angeles, Calif. 

Louisville, Ky 

Lowell, Mass 

Memphis, Term... 



Miami, Fla 

Milwaukee, Wis 

Minneapolis, Minn. 

Nashville, Tenn 

Newark, N. J 



New Bedford, Mass 

New Haven, Conn 

New Orleans, La 

New York, N. Y. 2 

Norfolk , Va 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Murder 
nonnegligent 
man- 
slaughter 



Robbery 



2 
40 
102 
17 



101 

5 

157 

281 



106 
3 

20 
11 
36 

43 

28 

39 

2,023 

200 

346 
128 
73 
66 
154 

11 

1,017 

5 



2 
56 

2 
132 
120 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



45 
17 
128 
570 
138 

63 
1 
91 
10 
43 

39 
153 
47 

787 



51 
51 
200 
56 
25 

18 

1,116 

1 

10 

10 



57 

5 

81 

106 

2 

49 

19 

84 

108 



76 108 546 

Complete data not received. 



Burglary 
—breaking 
or entering 



461 

82 

757 

1,119 

625 

370 
228 
194 
199 

176 

178 
236 
374 
4,523 
930 

733 
815 
928 
363 
1,012 

154 
3,209 
104 
123 
110 

232 
320 
157 
418 
307 

297 
716 
441 
1,206 
953 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



182 
23 
285 
470 
220 

247 
156 
112 
25 

71 

79 
124 

77 

1,892 

344 

160 
270 
146 
81 
235 



51 
45 
26 

28 
138 
58 
80 
101 

44 
155 
146 
293 
271 

307 



Under 

$50 



845 

135 

1,506 

2,089 

826 

717 
621 
610 
230 
236 

347 

645 

620 

4,346 

1,782 

2,965 
941 
2,448 
1,273 
1,804 

482 
6,920 
477 
211 
279 

230 

855 

627 

1,172 

447 

1,017 
1,085 
659 
2,654 
1,747 

1,088 



54 


16 


201 


50 


288 


82 


17 


248 


141 


874 


18 


82 


148 


100 


463 


76 


31 


. 485 


(1) 


1,032 


,070 


388 


3,466 


2,424 


7,552 


240 


220 


848 


709 


1,150 


2 


3 


135 


33 


137 


95 


111 


492 


155 


895 


60 


139 


541 


167 


511 


33 


26 


431 


156 


1,709 


13 


8 


379 


254 


1,047 


58 


112 


470 


131 


785 


122 


189 


639 


266 


859 


13 


6 


255 


60 


366 


8 


6 


211 


72 


467 


60 


210 


221 


227 


808 


555 


1,247 


2,392 


(') 


5,132 


140 


111 


748 


283 


959 



14 



Table 5. — Number of offenses known to the police, January to June, inclusive, 
1943, cities over 100,000 in population — Continued 



City 



Oakland, Calif 

Oklahoma City, Okla_ 

Omaha, Nebr 

Paterson, N. J 

Peoria, 111 



Philadelphia, Pa_ 
Pittsburgh, Pa... 
Portland, Oreg..- 
Providence, R. I. 
Reading, Pa 



Richmond, Va 

Rochester, N. Y_- 
Saeramenlo, Calif. 
St. Louis, Mo.. -_ 
St. Paul, Minn ._ 



Salt Lake City, Utah. 

San Antonio, Tex 

San Diego, Calif 

San Francisco, Calif... 
Scranton, Pa 



Seattle, Wash 

Somerville, Mass.. 
South Bend, Ind.. 
Spokane, Wash... 
Springfield, Mass. 



Syracuse, N. Y. 
Tacoma, Wash. 

Tampa, Fla 

Toledo, Ohio... 
Trenton, N. J.. 



Tulsa, Okla... 

Utica, N. Y 

Washington, D. C. 

Wichita, Kans 

Wilmington, Del... 



Worcester, Mass... 

Yonkers, N. Y 

Youngstown, Ohio. 



Murder, 
nonnegligent 
man- 
slaughter 



Robbery 




Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering $50 and 
over 



Larceny — theft 



992 
413 
247 
167 
110 

1,682 

1,130 

1,132 

326 

104 

443 
273 
368 
1,534 
350 

472 
428 
375 
1,498 
127 

1,015 
161 
209 
229 
134 

200 
267 
247 
507 
209 

458 

55 

1,008 

161 

238 

385 
115 
293 



(') 



175 
111 
65 
31 
30 

374 
183 
527 



253 
70 
121 



107 
121 
268 
470 
29 

372 
15 
83 
61 
64 

60 
79 

125 
155 
55 

130 
2fi 

656 
36 

123 

133 
37 
29 



Under 
$50 



2,293 
1,651 

416 
98 

294 

947 
606 
2,003 
317 
261 

1,532 

686 

1,164 

3,046 

877 

870 
1,029 
1,042 
2,923 

134 

1, 855 
135 
580 
725 
313 

599 
593 
730 
1,323 
325 

896 
266 
2, 926 
473 
638 

363 
191 
385 



Auto 
theft 



893 
225 
228 
125 
65 

872 
645 
680 
211 
65 

268 
176 
204 
375 
91 

. 219 

202 

692 

1,927 

43 

1,026 
54 
100 
105 
94 

226 
184 
169 
346 
66 

225 
36 
683 
109 
134 

152 
34 
181 



1 Larcenies not separately reported. Figure listed includes both major and minor larcenies. 

2 Figures include offenses committed by juveniles; this is in accord with the uniform reporting procedure 
followed by other cities. 

Supplement to Return A Data. 

An analysis of siipplemonlaty monthly crime reports forwarded to 
the FBI indicates that the rape increase this year is hirgely attribu- 
table to an increase in forcible rapes. The Supplement to Keturn A 
reports received from 60 cities over 100,000 m reporting an 8.6 per- 
cent increase in rape show an increase in statutory offenses (no force 
used — victim under age of consent) of only 1.3 percent and a 14.4 
percent increase in forcible rapes. 

These cities reported a 13.1 percent increase in highway robbery 
and a 15.2 percent inci-ease in robberies involvuig chain stores and at 



15 

the same time robberies of oil stations declined 76.9 percent (from 225 
to 52). This latter trend is doubtless due, at least in part, to the fact 
that so many gasoline filling stations are now operating only during 
daylight hours. 

Although reflecting a general decrease in burglaries the supple- 
mentary reports show a slight rise ( + 1-3 percent) in burglaries of 
residences during the daytime, which may be the result in part of 
increased employment with more homes being left vacant during the 
day. It is significant to observe that while the 60 reporting cities 
over 100,000 show a 4.0 percent decrease in the number of burglaries 
committed, the total loot in such offenses increased 5.8 percent (from 
$1,543,947.47 in the first half of 1942 to $1,634,083.52 during the first 
half of 1943). The value of the property stolen in the average bur- 
glary increased 10.2 percent, from $52.77 in 1942 to $58.17 in 1943. 

Similarly, despite a 16.9 percent decrease in the number of larcenies 
committed in these 60 cities, the total value of property stolen in such 
offenses increased 5.6 percent from $2,122,925.92 in the first half of 
1942 to $2,231,028.62 in 1943. This means that the average value of 
property stolen per offense of larceny increased 27.1 percent from 
$26.81 to $34.07. 

The decrease in the number of larcenies was atti-ibutable entirely 
to thefts involving property valued at less than $50.00, while a 6.4 
percent increase was recorded for larcenies involving property valued 
at $50.00 and over. Pocket-picking and purse-snatching increased 
26.2 percent and 19.9 percent, respectively, whUe pronounced decreases 
were recorded for several other types of thefts as follows: Thefts of 
bicycles, —14.0 percent; thefts of automobile accessories, —66.8 per- 
cent; and thefts of other types of property from automobiles, —28.4 
percent. 

The following tabulation shows the number of automobiles stolen 
and the number recovered during January-June of 1942 and 1943 in 
the 60 cities included in this study. ' 



January-June 


1942 j 1943 


Number of automobiles stolen 


1 
17 423 1 17 nn5 


Number of automobiles recovered ._ ._ 


16, 995 
97.5 


16,634 
97 8 


Percent recovered _, _ 







The tabulations based on the analysis of the Supplement to Return 
A reports received from 60 cities over 100,000 during the first 6 months 
of 1942 and 1943 are presented in tables 6 and 7. The combined pop- 
ulation represented is 16,363,434. 



547232° — 43 



16 



Table 6. — Number of known offenses with divisions as to the nature of the criminal 
act, time and -place of commission, and value of property stolen, Jamtary to June, 
inclusive, 1942-43; 60 cities over 100,000 in population; total population, 
16,363,434 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Classifieation 



Rape: 

Forcible 

Statutory 

Total 

Robbery: 

Highway 

Commercial house 

Oil station _.. 

Chain store 

Residence 

Bank 

Miscellaneous 

Total 

Burglary — breaking or entering: 

Residence (dwelling) : 

Committed during night 

Committed during day 

Nonresidence (store, office, etc.): 

Committed during night 

Committed during day 

Total 

Larceny — theft (except auto theft) (grouped according to value of article 
stolen): 

$50 and over 

$5 to $50 1 :. 

Under $5 

Total 

Larceny — theft (grouped as to type of ofifense) : 

Pocket-picking 

Purse-snatching 

Shoplifting ^. 

Thefts from autos (exclusive of auto accessories) 

Auto accessories - 

Bicycles 

All others 

Total 



Number of oflenses 



1942 



486 
391 



3,340 
759 
225 
33 
250 
8 
209 



8,177 
4,297 

14, 983 
1,799 



29, 256 



8,560 
51, 025 
19, 232 



78, 817 



1,107 
1,710 
2,826 
12, 117 
13, 872 
14, 480 
32, 705 



78, 817 



556 
396 



3,778 

693 

52 

38 

241 

4 

221 



5,027 



7,319 
4,354 



14, 869 
1,549 



28,091 



9,104 
42, 345 
14, 039 



65,488 



1,397 
2,051 
2,772 
8,681 
4,604 
12, 451 
33, 532 



65,488 



Percent 
change 



+14.4 
-1-1.3 



-1-8.6 



-f-13. 1 
-8.7 

-76.9 

-1-15.2 
-3.6 

-50.0 
+5.7 



+4.2 



-10.5 
+1.3 



-0.8 
-13.9 



-4.0 



+6.4 
-17.0 
-27.0 



+26.2 
+19.9 

-1.9 
-28.4 
-66.8 
-14.0 

+2.5 



-16.9 



Table 7. — Value of property stolen, by type of crime, January to June, inclusive, 
1942-43; 60 cities over 100,000: total population, 16,363,434 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Number of offenses 


Value of properly sIoIiti 


Average value per offense 


Clas.sification 


1942 


1943 


Percent 
change 


1942 


1943 


Percent 
change 


1942 


1943 


Percent 
change 


Robbery 

Burglary... 

Larceny — theft.. 
Auto theft 


4,824 
29, 256 
78,817 
17,423 


5, 027 
2H, 091 
(15, 488 
17, 002 


+4.2 
-4.0 
-Ui. 9 
-2.4 


$388, 095. 82 
1, 543, 947. 47 
2,112,925.92 
8,118,458.33 


$377, 408. 78 
1, 6M, 083. 52 
2,231,028.62 
7, 931, 720. 84 


-2.8 
+5.8 
+5.6 
-2.3 


$80.45 
52.77 
26. 81 

465. 96 


$75. 08 
58.17 
34. 07 

466. 52 


-6.7 
+10.2 
+27. 1 

+0.1 


Total 


130, 320 


115, 608 


-11.3 


12, 163, 427. 54 


12, 174, 241. 76 


+0.1 


93.34 


105. 31 


+12.8 



POLICE EMPLOYEE DATA 

Number of Police Employees, April 30, 1943. 

On April 30, 1943, there were 1.77 police employees for each 1,000 
inhabitants in cities over 25,000 in the United States as compared 
with 1.83 on April 30, of a j^ear ago. A reduction of 3.1 percent in the 
number of police employees since April 30, 1942, was reflected this 
year in the reports received at the FBI from cities over 25,000. 

In many instances, marked increases in population have not been 
accompanied by proportionate increases in the number of police de- 
partment employees. For example, a release of the Bureau of the 
Census relative to estimates of the civilian population by comities on 
May 1, 1942,^ showed increases of 10 i)ercent or better in a group of 
15 metropolitan counties which included 19 cities with a population in 
excess of 25,000. While the civilian population of these metropolitan 
counties increased 18.1 percent from April 1, 1940 to May 1, 1942, the 
police personnel in the 19 cities over 25,000 in these counties increased 
only 4.3 percent from 1940 to April 30, 1942, and during the next year 
(April 30, 1942 to April 30, 1943), decreased 0.6 percent. There are 
some cities in the country whicii have shown increases in population 
during the past 2 years whose police departments have actually shown 
decreases in personnel. 

In addition to shortages in personnel, many departments are oper- 
ating w^ith a substantial proportion of inexperienced employees. 
Inquiries of 53 selected cities throughout the United States with 
population in excess of 25,000 reflected a personnel turn-over from 
January 1, 1942, through June 30, 1943, ranging from 5.7 percent to 
60.0 percent. The median ^ turn-over was 22.9 percent. 

The following tabulation shows the distribution of the percentage 
turn-over in the 53 cities: • 

Percent turn-over Number of cities 

10.0 or less 3 

10.1 to 20.0 19 

20.1 to 30.0 14 

30.1 to 40.0 9 

40.1 to 50.0 4 

50.1 to 60.0 4 

It was observed that the police personnel turn-over problem was 
found to be acute most frequently in the smaller cities. 

' U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Washington, D. C, Series P-3, No. 33, dated 
February 25, 1943. 

2 The median represents the midpoint in a list of tlie cities arranged in order according to the percentage 
turn-over, with half of the cities showing more, and half showing less, than the median. 

(17) 



18 

Table 9 shows the number of police department employees and the 
number per 1,000 inhabitants, on April 30, 1943, for groups of cities 
divided according to size and location. Each city in the United 
States with a population in excess of 25,000 is included in the tabu- 
lation, and, as in the past, the sin-vey of the police personnel includes 
the civilian employees such as clerks, stenographers, and other em- 
ployees without police powers. As refl<>cted in the tabulation, there 
is a considerable variation among groups of cities of difl'erent size and 
location with reference to the number of employees per unit of popu- 
lation. In examining the figures it should be remembered that the 
1940 decennial census popidation figures were used in calculating the 
number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants. The data presented in 
table 9, and also table 10 with reference to auxiliary police, are supple- 
mented by the figures shown in table 8 which indicate the number of 
cities used in preparing the averages. 



Table 8. — Number of cities iiiduded in the tabulation, of police department employees, 
Apr. 30, 194.3, by geographic divisions and population groups 

iPopulation figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Population 




Division 


Group I 


Group II 


Group III 


Group IV 


Total 




Over 

250,000 


100,000 to 
250,000 


50,000 to 
100,000 


25,000 to 
50,000 




New England: 61 cities; total population, 4,640,655 .. 
Middle Atlantic: 80 cities; total poiiulation, 16,003,985. 
East North Central: 101 cities; total population, 
13,112,140 


2 
7 

8 

4 
3 

3 

4 

1 
5 


10 
11 

10 

5 
7 

3 

3 

1 
5 


13 
24 

23 

8 

17 

4 

9 

2 

7 


36 
38 

60 

12 

20 

10 

13 

7 
17 


61 
80 

101 


West North Central: 29 cities; total population, 
3,661,503 . 


29 


South Atlantic: i 47 cities; total population, 4,616,676. 

East South Central: 20 cities; total population, 

1,891,962 


47 
20 


West vSouth Central: 29 cities; total population, 
3,037,883 


29 


Mountain: 11 cities; total population, 835,805 

Pacific: 34 cities; total population, 4,858,390 


11 
34 


Total: 


37 
30,195,339 


55 
7, 792, 650 


107 
7,343,917 


213 
7,417,003 


412 


Population.. 


52, 748. 999 







1 Includes the District of Coliunbia. 



19 




M 



20 

Table 9. — Police department employees, Apr. SO, 1943, number and rate per 1,000 
inhabitants, by geographic divisions and population groups 

[Population figures from 194u decennial census] 



Division 



New England; 

Number of police 
Average number 

Itants 

Middle Atlantic: 
Number of police 
Average number 

itants 

East Nortii Central: 
Number of police 
Average number 

itants 

West Nortii Central: 
Number of police 
Average number 

itants 

South Atlantic: i 
Number of police 
A-verage number 

itants 

East South Central: 
Number of police 
Average number 

itants ... 

West South Central: 
Number of police 
Average number 

itants 

Mountain: 

Number of police 
Average number 

Itants 

Pacific: 

Number of police 

Average number 

itants 



employees 

of employees per 1,000 inhab- 



employees . _ 

of employees per 1,000 inhab- 



employees 

of employees per 1,000 inhab- 



employees- . _ 

of employees per 1,000 inhab- 



employees 

of employees per 1,000 inhab- 



employees 

of employees per 1,000 inhab- 



employees 

of employees per 1,000 inhab- 



employees 

of employees per 1,000 inhab- 



employees 

of employees per 1,000 inhab- 



Total: 

Number of police employees.. 

Average number of employees per 1,000 inhab- 
itants 



Population 




Group I 


Oroui) II 


Group III 


Group IV 


Total 


Over 
2W,000 


100,000 to 
250,000 


50,000 to 
100.000 


25,000 to 
50,000 




2, ses 


2,590 


1.565 


1,911 


8,931 


2.80 


1.91 


1.63 


1.47 


1.92 


27, 096 


2,434 


2,672 


1,830 


34, 632 


2.37 


1.69 


1.63 


1.38 


2.15 


15, 075 


1,705 


2,032 


2, 325 


21, 137 


1.90 


1.15 


1.31 


1.08 


1.61 


3, ,')78 


Sue 


550 


383 


5, 31 1 


1.79 


1.11 


1.00 


0.97 


1.45 


4,276 


1,542 


1,517 


924 


8.259 


2.34 


1.54 


1.38 


1.35 


1.79 


1,039 


494 


397 


389 


2,319 


1.18 


1.21 


1.41 


1.20 


1.23 


1,833 


596 


752 


469 


3,650 


1.28 


1.14 


1.15 


1.09 


I.ZO 


423 


174 


186 


264 


1,037 


1.31 


1.16 


1.58 


1.03 


1.24 


5,593 


1,090 


636 


704 


8, 023 


1.80 


1. 55 


1.31 


1.28 


1.65 


63,378 


U, 425 


10. 307 


9,189 


93,299 


2.07 


1.47 


1.40 


1.24 


1.77 



• Includes the District of Columbia. 



Number of Auxiliary Police, April 30, 1943. 

For every 100 police department employees listed on the April 30 
survey report of this year, there were 203 auxiliary police reported. 
This latter figure includes all volunteers for auxiliary police work who 
were accepted for service as of April 30, and who may be called to 
assist tlie police during an air raid or other emergency condition 
arising as a result of the war. Average figures showing the number of 
auxiliary police per 1,000 inhabitants are present(>(l in table 10 with 
th(^ data subdivided for the cities grouped according to size and 
location. 



21 



Table 10. — Avxiliary police, April SO, 194S, number and rate per 1,000 inhabi- 
tants, by geographic divisions and population groups 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Division 



New England: 

Number of auxiliary police 

Average number of auxiliary police per 1,000 in- 
habitants.. 

Middle Atlantic: 

Number of auxiliary police 

Average number of auxiliary police per 1,000 in- 
habitants -.. 

East North Central: 

Number of auxiliary police 

Average number of auxiliary police per 1,000 in- 
habitants. - -_ 

West North Central: 

Number of auxiliary police 

Average number of auxiliary police per 1,000 in- 
habitants.. 

South Atlantic: 3 

Number of auxiliary police 

Average number of auxiliary police per 1,000 in- 
habitants. . 

East South Central: 

Number of auxiliary police 

Average number of auxiliary police per 1,000 in- 
habitants . - 

West South Central: 

Number of auxiliary police . 

Average number of auxiliary police per 1,000 in- 
habitants.- 

Mountain: 

Number of auxiliary police 

Average number of auxiliary police per 1,000 in- 
habitants — 

Pacific: 

Number of auxiliary police 

Average number of auxiliary police per 1,000 in- 
habitants 



Total: 

Number of auxiliary police 

Average number of auxiliary police per 1,000 in- 
habitants . 



Population 



Group I Group II Group III Group IV 



Over 

250,000 



3,979 

3.88 

20, 684 

1.77 

20, 462 

2.58 

2,879 

1.44 

5,221 

2.86 

6,080 

6.91 

4,506 

3.16 

550 

1.71 

22, 379 

7.19 

86, 740 
2.87 



100,000 to 
250,000 



7,348 

5.41 
6,782 

4.71 
11,014 

7.42 
2.884 

4.00 
5,394 

5.37 
1,170 

2.87 
750 

1.43 
1,500 
10.00 
5,996 

8.51 

42, 838 
5.50 



50,000 to 
100,000 



4,466 

4.65 
6,029 

3.68 
4,512 

2.91 
1,427 

2.60 
5,220 

4.73 
3,146 
11.20 

<613 

1.21 
138 

1. 17 
2,324 

4.77 

' 27, 875 
3.87 



25,000 to 
50,000 



6,639 
5.11 

1 6. 698 

5.22 

2 7, 889 

3.70 
1,040 

2.63 
3,320 

4.85 
1,288 

3.97 

<480 

1.47 
800 

3.25 
2,907 

5.27 

5 31,061 
4.29 



Total 



22, 432 
4.83 

1 40, 193 

2.50 

2 43, 877 

3.35 
8,230 

2.25 
19, 155 

4.15 
11, 684 

6.18 
«6,349 

2.28 
2,988 

3.57 
33, 606 

6,92 

i 188, 514 
3.60 



' Data for the Middle .\tlantic Geographic Division are based on reports as follows: Group IV, 37 cities; 
groups I-IV, 79 cities, total population, 16,048,879. 

2 Data for the East North Central Geographic Division are based on reports as follows: Group IV, 59 
cities; groups I-IV, 100 cities, total population, 13,085,373. 

3 Includes the District of Columbia. 

■• Data for the West South Central Geographic Division are based on reports as follows: Group III, 7 
cities; group IV, 10 cities; groups I-IV, 24 cities, total population 2,786,058. 

5 Data for total — all Geographic Divisions— are based on reports as follows: Group III, 105 cities, total 
population, 7,195,016; group IV, 208 cities, total population, 7,242,296; groups I-IV, 405 cities, total popula- 
tion, 52,425,301. 

Police Employees in Individual Cities. 

During 1941 the police employee survey dealt with the average 
number of employees in police departments during the calendar year 
1940. The surveys conducted in 1942 and in 1943 provided for the 
collection of police persoimel figures as of April 30 of those years. In 
each instance the figures included not only police officers but also 
civilian employees, such as clerical employees and stenographers 
without police powers. In view of recent marked changes in the 
population of many cities, table 11 consists of comparative data for 



22 




23 



3 years, showing the total poKce employees for each city over 25,000 
as of 1940 (average for the year), the number on April 30, 1942, and 
the number on April 30, 1943. The number of auxiliary police as of 
April of this year is also included. The cities are divided into groups 
according to size and then listed alphabetically, first by State and then 
by name of city. 

In examining the figures with reference to police personnel in indi- 
vidual cities as presented in table 11, the comments concerning popula- 
tion changes and turnover in personnel immediately preceding table 
9 should be borne in mind. For a list of other factors to be considered, 
reference should be made to the data preceding table 5. 

Table 11. — Police-department, employees — including civilians. Average number 
for calendar year 1940; number as of Apr. SO, 1942; arid number of police em- 
ployees and auxiliary police as of Apr. SO, 1943; cities over 25,000 in population 
[Based on 1940 decennial census] 
CITIES WITH OVER 250,000 INHABITANTS 



City 



Birmingham, Ala__. 
Los Angeles, Calif__. 

Oakland, Calif 

San Francisco, Calif 

Denver, Colo_ 

Washington, D. C._ 

Atlanta, Qa 

Chicago, III 

Indianapolis, Ind 

Louisville, Ky 

New Orleans, La 

Baltimore, Md 

Boston, Mass 

Detroit, Mich 

Minneapolis, Miun. 

St. Paul, Minn 

Kansas City, Mo_-. 

St. Louis, Mo 

Jersey City, N. 3 



Number of police 
department 
employees 



Aver- 
age 
1940 



Apr. 
30, 
1942 



270 


286 


2,772 


3,172 


421 


436 


1,340 


1,378 


412 


447 


1, 520 


1,703 


461 


459 


6,629 


6,661 


680 


579 


436 


480 


S49 


853 


1,935 


1,925 


2,392 


2,341 


3,953 


3,818 


509 


506 


345 


356 


685 


662 


2,300 


2,269 


1,014 


977 



Apr. 
30, 
1943 



277 

2, 
439 

1,345 
423 

1,800 
458 

6,534 
559 
457 
851 

2,018 

2,352 

3,680 
506 
305 
620 

2,147 



Num- 
ber of 
auxil- 
iary 
police 
Apr. 
30, 
1943 



5,280 

14, 084 

2,360 

1,935 

550 

2,861 

650 

12, 200 

389 

800 

4,200 

1. 710 

3,178 

905 

500 

543 

800 

1,036 

225 



City 



Newark, N. J 

Buffalo, N. Y-... 
New York, N. Y. 
Rochester, N. Y_ 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Cleveland, Ohio-. 
Columbus, Ohio. 

Toledo, Ohio 

Portland, Orcg... 
Philadelphia, Pa- 
Pittsburgh, Pa... 
Providence, R. I, 
Memphis, Tenn__ 

Dallas, Tex 

Houston, Tex 

San Antonio, Tex 
Seattle, Wash_.._ 
Milwaukee, Wis. 



Number of police 


department 


employees 


Aver- 


Apr. 


Apr. 


age 


30, 


30, 


1940 


1942 


1943 


1,255 


1,228 


1,177 


1,267 


1,279 


1,320 


19, 287 


18, 752 


17, 81S 


485 


501 


515 


732 


720 


702 


1,592 


1,554 


1,603 


324 


358 


361 


412 


413 


366 


477 


505 


539 


4,659 


4,848 


4,766 


1,083 


1,065 


1,172 


541 


540 


513 


330 


308 


305 


307 


321 


307 


417 


384 


399 


301 


274 


276 


524 


628 


582 


1,221 


1,268 


1,270 



Num- 
ber of 
auxil- 
iary 
police 
Apr. 
30, 
1943 



800 
418 

5,189 
552 
396 

1,204 

2,400 
650 

3,500 
12, 000 

1,500 
801 



306 



500 
2,318 



CITIES WITH 100,000 TO 250,000 INHABITANTS 



Long Beach, Calif_- 
Sacramento, Calif.. 
San Diego, Calif. . . 
Bridgeport, Conn.. 

Hartford, Conn 

New Haven, Conn. 
Wilmington, Del... 
Jacksonville, Fla... 

Miami, Fla 

Tampa, Fla 

Peoria, 111 

Fort Wayne, Ind... 

Gary, Ind 

South Bend, Ind... 
Dps Moines, Iowa.. 
Kansas City, Kans. 

Wichita, Kans 

Cambridge, Mass... 

Fall River, Mass 

Lowell, Mass 

New Bedford, Mass 
Somerville, Mass 

547232°— 43 4 



259 


300 


286 


1,316 


147 


150 


151 


160 


240 


349 


373 


1,856 


264 


261 


268 


140 


343 


441 


324 


180 


344 


340 


351 


240 


178 


214 


219 


813 


234 


262 


265 


3,000 


302 


284 


278 


46 


98 


106 


102 


300 1 


134 


129 


122 


185 


123 


128 


127 


532 


159 


160 


160 


225 


106 


121 


99 


500 


155 


157 


156 


700 


88 


105 


104 


355 


119 


151 


156 


1,173 


237 


230 


224 


500 


217 


211 


212 


900 


183 


179 


187 


348 


215 


194 


211 


250 


148 


150 


138 


340 



Springfield, Mass 

Worcester, Mass 

Flint, Mich 

Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Duluth, Minn 

Omaha, Nebr 

Camden, N. J 

Elizabeth, N.J 

Paterson, N. J._ __ 
Trenton, N. J.... 

Albany, N. Y 

Syracuse, N. Y 

Utica, N. Y.. 

Yonkers, N. Y . 

Charlotte, N. C 

Akron, Ohio 

Canton, Ohio 

Dayton, Ohio 

Youngstown, Ohio 

Oklahoma City, Okla 

Tulsa, Okla 

Erie, Pa 



304 


302 


303 


368 


362 


372 


195 


194 


212 


205 


214 


193 


136 


137 


130 


293 


285 


254 


204 


208 


215 


219 


213 


220 


259 


238 


255 


246 


245 


238 


373 


373 


351 


300 


313 


289 


165 


158 


161 


287 


278 


264 


105 


115 


116 


269 


268 


262 


124 


138 


144 


207 


202 


209 


166 


166 


177 


254 


260 


201 


172 


174 


165 


135 


138 


129 



450 

4,000 

250 

5,300 

256 

400 

374 

185 

153 

450 

2,850 

1,131 

400 

964 

440 

2,500 

800 

382 

340 

250 

500 

75 



24 



Table 11. — Police-department employees — -inclyding civilians. Average nnmher for 
calendar year 1940; number as of Apr. SO, 1942; and number of police employees 
and auxiliary police as of Apr. 30, 1943; cities over 25,000 in population — Con. 

CITIES WITH 100,000 TO 250,000 INHABITANTS— Continued 



City 



Reading, Pa 

Scranton, Pa 

Chattanooga, Tenn 
'Knoxville, Tenn.-. 

Nashville, Tenn 

Fort Worth, Tex___ 



Number of police ] Num- 
departmcnt i ber of 
employees auxil- 

iary 

police 
Apr. 
30, 
1943 



Aver- 


Apr. 


Apr. 


age 


30, 


30, 


1940 


1942 


1943 


155 


152 


146 


182 


177 


166 


120 


118 


121 


170 


157 


145 


211 


220 


228 


233 


234 


230 



200 

940 

160 

70 



City 



Salt Lake City, Utah 
Norfolk, Va 

Richmond, Va 

Spokane, Wash 

Tacoma, Wash 



Number of police 


department 


employees 


Aver-i Apr. 


Apr. 


age 


30, 


30, 


1940 


1942 


1943 


165 


164 


174 


244 


242 


213 


288 


348 


349 


142 


149 


149 


104 


143 


131 



Num- 
ber of 
auxil- 
iary 
police 
Apr. 
30, 
1943 



CITIES WITH 50,000 TO 100,000 INHABITANTS 



Mobile, Ala 

Montgomery, Ala-__ 

Phoenix, Ariz.. 

Little Rock, Ark 

Berkeley, Calif 

Fresno, Calif 

Glendale, Calif 

Pasadena, Calif 

San Jose, Calif 

Santa Monica, Calif. 

Stockton, Calif 

Pueblo, Colo 

New Britain, Conn. 
Waterbury, Conn... 
St. Petersburg, Fla.. 

Augusta, Ga 

Columbus, Ga 

Macon, Ga 

Savannah, Ga 

Cicero, 111 

Decatur, 111. 

East St. Louis, 111... 

Evanston, 111 

Oak Park, 111 

Rockford, 111 

Springfield, III 

East Chicago, Ind._ 

Evansville, Ind 

Hammond, Ind 

Terre Haute, Ind . . . 
Cedar Rapids, Iowa 

Davenport, Iowa 

Sioux City, Iowa 

Waterloo, Iowa 

Topeka, Kans 

Covington, Ky 

Shrevcport, La. 

Portland, Maine 

Brockton, Mass 

Holyoke, Mass. 

Lawrence, Mass 

Lynn, Mass 

Maiden, Mass 

Medford, Mass 

Newton, Mass 

Quincy, Mass 

Dearborn, Mich. . .. 
Highland Park, Mich... 
Kalamazoo, Mich. 

Lansing, Mich 

Pontine, Mich 

Saginaw, Mich 

.Tackson, Miss 

St. Joseph, Mo 



121 


122 


123 


2,000 


115 


152 


133 


950 


91 


113 


137 


73 


95 


105 


87 


(') 


84 


94 


108 


281 


100 


89 


76 


120 


94 


111 


110 


818 


106 


112 


100 


373 


54 


66 


67 


292 


80 


92 


99 


210 


63 


69 


76 


230 


47 


49 


49 


65 


99 


109 


139 


200 


224 


232 


207 


157 


67 


88 


74 


125 


106 


126 


120 


250 


77 


86 


86 


115 


77 


73 


72 


475 


151 


153 


144 


700 


98 


93 


106 


260 


55 


62 


63 


307 


76 


72 


79 


125 


98 


108 


88 


238 


70 


72 


72 


100 


93 


91 


89 


260 


103 


110 


119 


44 


80 


86 


83 


300 


148 


148 


149 


254 


97 


105 


106 


151 


78 


76 


78 


240 


60 


67 


57 


200 


68 


68 


70 


54 


89 


90 


85 


180 


46 


50 


48 




74 


66 


67 


307 


66 


66 


65 


131 


119 


115 


127 


235 


127 


114 


115 


532 


98 


98 


90 


502 


96 


95 


97 


300 


129 


129 


128 


205 


165 
93 
90 
152 
128 
150 


173 
100 
90 
159 
134 
150 


145 
85 
83 
137 
135 
151 


450 
385 
350 
500 
491 
161 


105 


104 


102 


27 


75 


80 


85 


175 


89 
69 
98 


91 
74 
109 


94 
73 
94 


135 
454 
320 


75 
101 


84 
98 


76 
85 


65 
556 



Springfield, Mo 

Lincoln, Nebr 

Manchester, N. H 

Atlantic City, N. J 

Bayonne, N. J 

East Orange, N. J 

Hoboken, N. J 

Irvington, N. J 

Passaic, N. J. .. 

Union City, N.J 

Binghaniton, N. Y 

Mount Vernon, N. Y... 

New Rochelle, N. Y 

Niagara Falls, N. Y..... 

Schenectady, N. Y 

Troy, N. Y 

Asheville, N. C. 

Durham, N. C 

Greensboro, N. C 

Winston-Salem, N. C... 
Cleveland Heights, Ohio 

Hamilton, Ohio 

Lakewood, Ohio 

Springfield, Ohio 

Allentown, Pa 

Altoona, Pa 

Bethlehem, Pa. 

Chester, Pa 

Harrisburg, Pa 

Johnstown, Pa.. 

Lancaster, Pa... 

McKeesport, Pa 

Upper Darby Twp., Pa 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa 

York, Pa 

Pawtucket, R. I. 

Charleston, S. C 

Columbia, S. C 

Amarillo, Tex 

Austin, Tex. 

Beaumont, Tex 

Corpus Christi, Tex 

El Paso, Tex 

Galveston, Tex 

Waco, Tex 

Arlington, Va... 

Portsmouth, Va 

Roanoke, Va 

Charleston, W. Va 

Huntington, W. Va 

Wheeling, W. Va 

Madi.son, Wis 

Racine, Wis — 



59 


64 


56 


86 


83 


82 


108 


109 


99 


■ 194 


224 


207 


F) 


n 


207 


110 


109 


109 


164 


157 


150 


86 


84 


85 


121 


120 


123 


120 


118 


118 


115 


121 


106 


132 


126 


114 


145 


139 


124 


127 


124 


124 


164 


163 


173 


163 


150 


150 


65 


66 


58 


89 


81 


88 


77 


98 


92 


1 "1 


110 


100 


61 


73 


61 


! 53 


53 


53 


68 


70 


74 


58 


61 


57 


104 


101 


93 


69 


68 


66 


59 


55 


52 


58 


74 


75 


137 


146 


137 


60 


64 


61 


63 


62 


62 


71 


81 


74 


96 


100 


107 


107 


105 


99 


55 


60 


56 


134 


128 


105 


139 


152 


137 


88 


118 


130 


45 


46 


62 


83 


116 


122 


58 


61 


63 


60 


86 


79 


97 


97 


89 


75 


98 


69 


56 


55 


54 


38 


43 


46 


44 


49 


59 


92 


99 


83 


81 


73 


78 


78 


85 


79 


71 


76 


71 


80 


83 


85 


68 


70 


71 



See footnotes at end of table. 



25 



Table 11.^ — Police-department employees — inchiding civilians. Average number for 
calendar year 1940; number as of Apr. SO, 1942; and number of police employees 
and auxiliary police as of Apr. SO, 1943; cities over 25,000 in population — Con. 

CITIES WITH 25,000 TO 50,000 INHABITANTS 



City 



Anniston, Ala 

Gadsden, Ala 

Tuscaloosa, Ala 

Tucson, Ariz 

Fort Smith, Ark 

Alameda, Calif 

Alhambra, Calif 

Bakersfield, Calif 

Belvedere Twp., Calif __ 

Beverley Hills, CaHf 

Burbank, Calif 

Huntington Park, Calif. 

Inglewood, Calif 

Riverside, Calif 

San Bernardino, Calif__. 

Santa Ana, Calif 

Santa Barbara, Calif 

South Gate, Calif 

Colorado Springs, Colo.- 

Bristol, Conn 

Meriden, Conn 

Middlctown, Conn 

New London, Conn 

Norwalk, Conn 

Stamford, Conn_._ 

Torrington, Conn 

West Hartford, Conn 

West Haven, Conn 

Miami Beach, Fla 

Orlando, Fla 

Pensacola, Fla 

West Palm Beach, Fla_^ 

Rome, Ga 

Boise, Idaho 

Alton, 111 

Aurora, 111 

Belleville, 111 

Berwyn, 111 

Bloomington, 111 

Danville, 111 

Elgin, 111 

Galesburg, 111 

Joliet, 111 

Maywood, 111 

Moline, 111 

Quincv, 111 

Rock Island, 111 

Waukegan, 111 

Anderson, Ind 

Elkhart, Ind 

Kokomo, Ind 

Lafayette, Ind 

Marion, Ind 

Michigan City, Ind 

Mishawaka, Ind 

Muncie, Ind 

New Albany, Ind 

Richmond, Ind 

Burlington, Iowa 

Clinton, Iowa 

Council Blufls, Iowa 

Dubuque, Iowa 

Mason City, Iowa 

Ottumwa, Iowa 

Hutchinson, Kans 

Ashland, Ky 

Lexington, Ky 

Newport, Ky 

Owensboro, Ky 

Paducah, Ky 



Number of police 
department 
employees 



Aver- 


Apr. 


age 


30, 


1940 


1942 


30 


35 


37 


36 


27 


25 


44 


43 


23 


25 


38 


47 


38 


43 


56 


53 


41 


33 


63 


66 


48 


77 


33 


41 


31 


31 


39 


48 


44 


57 


45 


46 


45 


44 


20 


30 


36 


42 


28 


30 


52 


50 


34 


30 


57 


58 


51 


60 


95 


100 


32 


32 


49 


54 


28 


32 


82 


75 


44 


51 


52 


51 


37 


39 


35 


32 


31 


35 


31 


22 


42 


42 


22 


18 


37 


40 


37 


31 


31 


25 


41 


40 


33 


31 


53 


53 


19 


19 


26 


24 


31 


34 


33 


27 


25 


25 


49 


60 


43 


46 


42 


42 


40 


41 


29 


31 


38 


34 


29 


30 


53 


54 


19 


22 


34 


35 


25 


32 


20 


21 


31 


30 


40 


38 


25 


25 


23 


25 


30 


28 


25 


26 


80 


80 


49 


49 


36 


36 


36 


38 



Apr. 
30, 
1943 



31 
37 
24 

48 
27 
44 
40 
50 
33 
56 
74 
35 
27 
45 
52 
55 
44 
23 
41 
42 
57 
27 
61 
56 
107 
34 
55 
33 
46 
57 
48 
33 
34 
35 
24 
45 
19 
37 
31 
25 
38 
32 
55 
19 
26 
31 
29 
23 
49 
45 
42 
43 
35 
36 
33 
54 
19 
31 
34 
22 
30 
37 
22 
23 
28 
27 
80 
50 
38 
38 



Num- 
ber of 
auxil- 
iary 
police 
Apr. 
30, 
1943 



162 

400 

65 

250 

(') 

435 

225 

115 

292 

75 

85 

102 

120 

77 

150 

150 

160 

141 

200 

26 

100 

76 

148 

250 

280 

81 

120 

125 

21 

81 

80 

58 

35 

75 

87 

42 

68 

156 

311 

100 

140 

80 

90 

176 

44 

114 

125 

108 

360 

150 

135 

75 

110 
144 
200 

60 
150 

80 
100 

35 
156 

58 
178 

86 
125 
115 

42 

44 



City 



Ale.xandria, La 

Baton Rouge, La 

Monroe, La 

Bangor, Maine 

Lewiston, Maine 

Cumberland, Md 

Hagerstown, Md 

Arlington, Mass 

Belmont, Mass 

Beverly, Mass 

Brookline, Mass 

Chelsea, Mass 

Chicopee, Mass 

Everett, Mass 

Fitchburg, Mass 

Haverhill, Mass 

Melrose, Mass 

Pittsfield, Mass 

Revere, Mass 

Salem, Mass 

Taunton, Mass 

Waltham, Mass.-. 

Watertown, Mass 

Ann Arbor, Mich 

Battle Creek, Mich 

Bay City, Mich 

Hamtramck, Mich 

Jackson, Mich 

Muskegon, Mich 

Port Huron, Mich 

Royal Oak, Mich 

Wyandotte, Mich 

Rochester, Minn 

Meridian, Miss __- 

Joplin, Mo 

University City, Mo 

Butte, Mont 

Great Falls, Mont 

Concord, N. H 

Nashua, N. H 

Belleville, N. J 

Bloomfield, N.J 

Clifton, N.J 

Garfield, N.J 

Hackensack, N. J 

Kearny, N. J 

Montclair, N. J 

New Brunswick, N. J.-. 

North Bergen, N. J 

Orange, N. J 

Perth Amboy, N. J 

Plainfleld, N. J 

Teaneck, N. J 

West New York, N. J... 

West Orange, N. J 

Woodbridge, N. J 

Albuquerque, N. Mex_. 

Amsterdam, N. Y 

Auburn, N. Y 

Elmira, N. Y 

Jamestown, N. Y 

Kingston, N. Y 

Newburgh, N. Y 

Poughkeepsie, N. Y 

Rome, N. Y 

Watertown, N. Y 

White Plains, N. Y. 
High Point, N. C_ 
Raleigh, N. C 



Number of police 


department 


employees 


Aver- 


Apr. 


Apr. 


age 


30, 


30, 


1940 


1942 


1943 


45 


52 


51 


42 


56 


45 


4C 


36 


36 


45 


44 


42 


56 


51 


45 


49 


49 


44 


38 


37 


39 


55 


58 


59 


38 


3S 


39 


46 


47 


46 


126 


118 


115 


70 


70 


68 


57 


60 


61 


81 


84 


82 


50 


51 


44 


64 


63 


64 


34 


34 


33 


53 


57 


58 


52 


55 


56 


78 


70 


60 


53 


56 


53 


60 


54 


50 


56 


55 


55 


37 


38 


36 


52 


63 


57 


78 


89 


76 


90 


93 


103 


60 


60 


61 


51 


49 


45 


41 


42 


43 


24 


26 


28 


43 


51 


51 


26 


26 


26 


35 


40 


42 


39 


36 


31 


37 


38 


38 


29 


28 


31 


31 


30 


30 


30 


32 


33 


43 


43 


41 


39 


43 


39 


67 


59 


61 


51 


49 


48 


32 


37 


33 


46 


53 


46 


78 


84 


80 


77 


74 


70 


47 


52 


48 


67 


71 


69 


60 


65 


58 


67 


66 


58 


62 


61 


55 


41 


40 


31 


88 


84 


81 


44 


46 


43 


37 


41 


41 


36 


39 


26 


34 


36 


34 


46 


47 


47 


78 


78 


71 


56 


61 


57 


39 


41 


38 


51 


48 


48 


64 


59 


61 


30 


35 


34 


38 


42 


38 


105 


102 


93 


41 


47 


43 


59 


64 


62 



See footnotes at end of table. 



26 



Table 11. — PoUce-department emploijees — including civilians. Average number for 
calendar year 1940; number as of Apr. SO, 19^2; and number of police employees 
and auxiliary police as of Apr. SO, 194S; cities over 25,000 in population — Con, 

CITIES WITH 25,000 TO 50,000 INHABITANTS— Continued 



City 



Rocky Mount, N. C... 

Wilmington, N. C 

Fargo, N. Dak 

East Cleveland, Ohio-. 

Elyria, Ohio 

Lima, Ohio 

Lorain, Ohio 

Mansfield, Ohio 

Marion, Ohio 

Massillon, Ohio 

Middletown, Ohio 

Newark, Ohio 

Norwood, Ohio 

Portsmouth, Ohio 

Steubenville, Ohio.. 

Warren, Ohio. 

Zanesville, Ohio 

Enid, Okla 

Muskogee, Okla 

Salem, Oreg 

Aliquippa, Pa 

Easton, Pa 

Haverford Twp., Pa 

Hazleton, Pa 

Lebanon, Pa 

Lower Merion Twp., Pa 

New Castle, Pa 

Norristown, Pa 

Sharon, Pa 

Washington, Pa 

Wilkinsburg, Pa 

Williamsport, Pa 

Central Falls, R.I 

Cranston, R. I _ - 

East Providence, R. I-. 

Newport, R. I 

Warwick, R. I 



Number of police 
department 
employees 



Aver- 
age 
1940 



Apr. 
30, 
1942 



33 
56 
38 
48 
27 
37 
45 
35 
21 
21 
33 
27 
34 
40 
37 
44 
26 
24 
39 
34 
21 
39 
40 
26 
2 

115 
48 
34 
23 
20 
28 
38 
36 
50 
36 
66 
39 



Apr. 
30, 
1943 



33 
54 
38 
38 
25 
38 
41 
33 
24 
22 
33 
27 
35 
38 
37 
42 
24 
21 
37 
33 
20 
39 
37 
29 
28 
109 
50 
33 
23 
20 
20 
40 
29 
53 
40 
63 
35 



Num- 
ber of 
au.xil- 
iary 
police 
Apr. 
30, 
1943 



66 
151 

10 
183 

89 
138 
285 
108 
202 
189 

90 
100 
125 

37 
464 
235 
250 

25 



100 
120 
114 

75 
140 
240 
215 

75 
155 
149 
265 

59 

95 
195 
225 
483 
158 
275 



City 



Woonsocket, R. I... 

Oreenville, S. C 

Spartanburg, S. C__. 
Sioux Falls, S. Dak. 
Johnson City, Tenn. 

Abilene, Tex 

Laredo, Tex 

Lubbock, Tex 

Port Arthur, Tex... 

San Angelo, Tex 

Tyler, Tex 

Wichita Falls, Tex.. 

Ogden, Utah 

Burlington, Vt 

Alexandria, Va 

Danville, Va 

Lynchburg, Va 

Newport News, Va. 

Petersburg, Va 

Bellingham, Wash.. 

Everett, Wash 

Yakima, Wash 

Clarksburg, W. Va.. 
Parkersburg, W. Va 

Appleton, Wis 

Beloit, Wis 

Eau Claire, Wis 

Fond du Lac, Wis.. 

Green Bay, Wis 

Kenosha, Wis 

La Crosse, Wis .. 

Oshkosh, Wis 

Sheboygan, Wis 

Superior, Wis 

Wausau, Wis 

Wauwatosa, Wis 

West Allis, Wis 



Number of police 


department 


employees 


Aver- 


Apr. 


Apr. 


age 


30, 


30, 


1940 


1942 


1943 


75 


79 


82 


59 


59 


60 


54 


51 


54 


49 


52 


54 


21 


21 


22 


31 


41 


36 


31 


36 


33 


31 


32 


36 


25 


26 


27 


26 


30 


32 


29 


30 


28 


54 


74 


60 


39 


47 


43 


34 


33 


33 


45 


63 


62 


43 


52 


49 


53 


52 


51 


47 


70 


71 


46 


47 


48 


30 


31 


30 


35 


35 


34 


30 


34 


29 


22 


(2) 


25 


17 


24 


21 


28 


26 


28 


29 


33 


28 


27 


28 


27 


32 


31 


30 


55 


55 


55 


68 


66 


64 


48 


50 


62 


49 


49 


' 47 


45 


44 


43 


53 


50 


51 


36 


36 


34 


40 


41 


39 


46 


49 


49 



Num- 
ber of 
auxil- 
iary 
police 
Apr. 
30, 
1943 



167 
675 
250 
40 
200 



(>) 



80 

150 

150 

200 

200 

218 

300 

35 

400 

250 

30 

75 

100 

100 

130 

83 

67 

50 

59 

120 

100 

85 

120 

27 

109 

142 



' Number of auxOiary police not available. 
2 No report received. 



ANNUAL REPORTS, 1942 

Offenses Cleared by Arrest, 1942. 

Generally, the more serious offenses are most frequently followed 
by the arrest of the offender, accordmg to the annual crime reports 
received at the FBI for the calendar year 1942. Of the crimes commit- 
ted against persons, 81.7 percent were cleared last year, while arrests 
were made in 26.5 percent of the offenses against property. Murders 
ranked first with 90.6 percent cleared, fpllowed by negligent man- 
slaughters with a percentage cleared of 86.1. Of the rape cases re- 
ported, 81.2 percent were cleared by arrest as were 80.5 percent of 
the other felonious assaults. 

A somewhat smaller proportion of the less serious, but much more 
frequent, crimes against property were cleared last year as indicated 
by the following figures: Robbery, 43.3 percent; burglaiy, 31.5 per- 
cent; auto theft, 25.0 percent; and larceny, 24.6 percent. 

Comprehensive information concerning the number of offenses 
committed during the calendar year 1942 may be found in volume 
XIII, No. 2 of this bulletin. The estimated number of major crimes 
for the United States as a whole is presented in table 37 of that issue. 
Supplementing these data, the tabulations which follow indicate the 
average degree of success the police had last year in coping with the 
crime problem. The data presented in table 12 are based on the re- 
ports of 1,193 cities representing a combined population of 33,773,488. 

The summary presented in table 12 indicates the relation between 
the number of offenses committed, offenses cleared by arrest, and the 
number of persons arrested and held for prosecution. It should be 
remembered that the arrest of one individual may clear several crimes, 
while on the otiier hand the arrest of several persons may clear only 
one offense. Generally, an offense is treated as cleared by arrest 
when one or more of the offenders involved in its commission has 
been taken into custody and made available for prosecution. 

The police in a number of communities follow the practice of arrest- 
ing and formally charging with manslaughter all drivers of vehicles 
involved in fatal accidents, pending the outcome of their investigations. 
Because of this practice, summary tabulations will reflect a larger fig- 
ure for the number of persons charged with manslaughter than that 
representing the number of such offenses cleared by an-est, and in 
some instances the figure representing persons charged will even exceed 
the figure representing the number of offenses of manslaughter by 
negligence committed. 

(27) 



28 



m 



U 

C3 

O 

CD 
O) 
CD 

d 

O 

d 



O 

d 

CD 

d 



OS 





cu 



(A 

c 
•(3 



hi I 



;s$ssss$ss;^ss5s5sssssssssss^ 



I / 

I I 






^0 



i<^ssss55s^^;^5s^^s^ r^ 



5S5 / 

Z X o / 

= 3 



SS^iSSSS^S^SSSSSSSSSSS^SS^SSSSSS^ 



d 



pa 

d 
o 



o 



^^^(S^SSS^^^S^^SSS^^SSSSSSSS^SS^^^ 



-3 ^ 



S 00 ^ 



29 

Frequently in connection with crimes against property the number 
of offenses cleared will exceed the number of persons charged, since 
the police throiigh careful investigation incident to the arrest of an 
offender, will, through his arrest, clear a number of previously un- 
solved crimes, and the tendency of a recidivist to repeat the same 
type of crime is found to be most pronounced on the part of persons 
committing crimes against property. 



Table 12. — Offenses known, offenses cleared by arrest, and persons charged {held for 
prosecution), 194^, by population groups, number per 100 known offenses 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Population group 



OKOUP I 

20 cities over 250,000; total popula- 
tion, 10,621,959: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Persons charged 

nEOUP II 

38 cities, lOd.OUO to 250,000; total 
population, 5,506,196: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Persons charged 

OROUP III 

65 cities, 50,000 to 100,000; total pop- 
ulation, 4,566,754: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Persons charged 

OROUP IT 

124 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; total pop- 
ulation, 4,293,043: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 
Persons charged 

GROUP V 

359 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; total pop- 
ulation, 5,499,898: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Persons charged 

GROUP VI 

587 cities under 10,000; total popu- 
lation, 3,285,638: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Persons charged 

TOTAL GROUPS i-vi 

1,193 cities; total population, 
33,773,488: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Persons charged 



Criminal 
homicide 



Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



100.0 
91.4 
94.2 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



100.0 
89.6 
157.1 



Rape 



100.0 
92.3 

88.5 


100.0 
84.9 

78.7 


100.0 
87.9 
87.9 


100.0 
73.5 
76.5 


100.0 
87.0 
82.1 


100.0 
88.7 
62.3 


100. 
91.0 
79.0 


100.0 
91.6 
105.6 


100.0 
89.8 
88.6 


100.0 
80.8 
79.5 


100.0 
90.6 
89.3 


100.0 
86.1 
107.6 



100.0 
72.5 
73.2 



100.0 

8.5.8 
82.5 



100.0 

85.5 
87.5 



100.0 
80.9 
77.9 



100.0 
86.2 
88.6 



100.0 
81.2 
81.9 



Rob- 
bery 



100. 100. 
81. 9 42, 4 
85. 40. 5 



100.0 
44.3 
41.1 



100.0 
37.6 
47.0 



100.0 
40.8 
45. 1 



100.0 
50.6 
51.9 



100.0 
51.5 
56.0 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



100 
78.9 
64.5 



100.0 
80.7 
76.2 



100.0 
83.7 
90.3 



100.0 
72.5 
73.0 



100.0 
89.0 
85.9 



100.0 
89.3 
94.7 



100. 100. 
43. 3 80. 5 
43. 5 75. 5 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
entering 



100.0 
31.5 
23.7 



100.0 
30.6 
20.7 



100.0 
28.0 
20.5 



100.0 
29.9 
24.1 



100.0 
34.0 
27.6 



100.0 
39.8 
37.4 



100.0 
31.5 
24.1 



ceny— 
theft 



100.0 

25.7 
19.7 



100. 
25.0 
16.7 



100.0 
21.8 
17.6 



100. 
20.5 
16.3 



100. 
26.0 
18.0 



100.0 
31.6 
24.8 



100.0 
24.6 
18.4 



30 




31 

Persons Charged (Held for Prosecution), 1942, 

Just as there are variations in the number of offenses committed 
per unit of population in cities of varying population groups, so are 
there variations in the number of persons arrested and charged by the 
police. For example, the annual crime reports for 1942 showed that 
the number of persons charged with criminal homicide and robbery 
in cities with over 100,000 inhabitants was approximately double the 
rate for the smaller communities. Similarly, the figures showing ar 
rests for prostitution and commercialized vice per 100,000 inhabitants 
in the larger cities greatly exceed those for the smaller communities. 
On the other hand, the police in the small cities made many more 
arrests for driving while intoxicated per unit of population than those 
in the larger communities. 

The annual reports of persons charged by the police during 1942, 
are summarized in table 13 with the reporting cities grouped according 
to size. As the tabulation indicates, the majority of persons charged 
by the police were proceeded against for comparatively minor viola- 
tions; however, a substantial number were arrested for serious crimes 
as reflected by the following figures, based on reports of 1,193 cities: 



Murder 1, 567 

Manslaughter by negligence 1, 543 

Robbery 5, 2 19 

Aggravated assault 13, 148 

Burglary 21, 875 

Larceny ^. 54, 677 

Autotheft 11,499 



Embezzlement and fraud 5, 036 

Stolen property (receiving, 

etc.) 3, 277 

Forgery and counterfeiting 3, 055 

Rape 2,464 

Narcotic drug laws 1, 383 

Weapons 6 481 



The information presented in table 13 is useful not only in comparing 
local figures concerning persons arrested with national averages for 
cities of the same size but also is of value to persons interested in pre- 
paring estimates as to the number of minor crimes committed. 
Estimates concerning the number of serious crimes committed in the 
United States during 1942 were presented in volum^e XIII, No. 2 of 
the bulletin. 



32 



Table ]3. -Persons charged (held for prosecution), 1942, number and rate per 
100,000 inhabitants, by population groups 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Group I 


Group II 


Group III 


Group IV 


Group V 


Group VI 


















Total, 




20 cities 


38 cities, 


65 cities, 


124 cities. 


359 cities, 


587 cities 


1,193 


Offense charged 


over 


100,000 to 


50,000 to 


25,000 to 


10,000 to 


under 


cities; 
total pop- 
ulation, 
33,773,488 




250,000; 


250,000; 


100,000; 


50,000; 


25,000; 


10,000; 




popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 




tion. 


tion. 


tion, 


tion, 


tion. 


tion. 




10,621,959 


5,506,196 


4,566,7.54 


4,293,043 


5,499,898 


3,285,638 




Criminal homicide: 
















(a) Murder and nonnegli- 
















gent manslaughter: 
















Number of persons 
















charged 


710 


322 


174 


151 


132 


78 


1, 567 


Rate per 100,000. . _ 


6.68 


5.85 


.3.81 


3.52 


2.40 


2.37 


4.64 


(6) Manslaughter by negli- 
















gence: 
















Number of persons 
















charged 


831 


214 


153 


132 


151 


62 


1,543 


Rate per 100,000___ 


7.82 


3.89 


3. 35 


3.07 


2.75 


1.89 


4.57 


Robbery: 
















Number of persons charged 


2,200 


1,064 


655 


422 


564 


314 


5,219 


Rate per 100,000 


20.7 


19. 3 


14. 3 


9.8 


10.3 


9.6 


15. 5 


Aggravated assault: 
















Number of persons charged 


4.102 


2,263 


2,222 


2, 081 


1,518 


962 


13, 148 


Rate per 100,000 


38. 6 


41. 1 


48. 7 


48. 5 


27.6 


29.3 


38. 9 


Other assaults: 
















Number of persons charged 


14, 848 


10, 668 


7, 058 


6,166 


6,795 


3,442 


48,977 


Rate per 100,000 


139. 8 


193. 7 


154. 6 


143. 6 


123. 5 


104. 8 


145. 


Burglary — breaking or enter-, 
ing: 

Number of persons charged _ 
















6,438 


4,106 


2,741 


2,752 


3,408 


2,430 


21,875 


Rate per 100,000 


60. 6 


74. 6 


60. 


64. 1 


62.0 


74.0 


64.8 


Larceny— theft: 
















Number of persons charged 


16, 578 


9,978 


7, 89(i 


7,179 


8,114 


4.932 


54, 677 


Rate per 100,000 


156. 1 


181. 2 


172. 9 


1(37. 2 


147. 5 


150. 1 


161.9 


Auto theft; 
















Number of persons charged 


4, 003 


2,164 


1,237 


1,235 


1,693 


1,167 


11, 499 


Rate per 100,000 _ 


37.7 


39.3 


27.1 


28.8 


30.8 


36.5 


34.0 


Embezzlement and fraud; 
















Number of persons charged _ 


1,877 


972 


5.56 


594 


698 


339 


5, 03ti 


Rate per 100,000 


17.7 


17.7 


12.2 


1:5.8 


12.7 


10.3 


14.9 


Stolen property; buying, re- 
















ceiving, possessing: 
















Number of persons charged. 


909 


641 


249 


318 


856 


304 


3,277 


Rate per 100,000 


8.6 


11.6 


5. 5 


7.4 


15.6 


9.3 


9.7 


Forgery and counterfeiting; 
















Number of persons charged . 


795 


541 


519 


367 


490 


343 


3, 055 


Rate per 100,000 


7.6 


9.8 


11.4 


8.5 


8.9 


10.4 


9.0 


Rape: 
















Number of persons charged 


853 


415 


325 


253 


355 


263 


2,464 


Rate per 100,000 


8.03 


7.54 


7. 12 


5.89 


6.46 


8.00 


7.30 


Prostitution and commercial- 
















ized vice: 
















Number of persons charged . 


19,964 


7,167 


3,443 


1, 632 


1,753 


345 


34,304 


Rate per 100,000 


188.0 


130.2 


75.4 


38.0 


31.9 


10.5 


101.6 


Sex offenses (except rape and 
















prostitution): 
















Number (if persons charged 


2, 628 


2, 590 


2, 103 


1,357 


1.183 


546 


10,407 


Rate iHT 1(10,000 


24.7 


47.0 


46.1 


31.6 


21.5 


16.6 


30.8 


Narcotic dru).' laws: 
















Number of persons charged 


819 


191 


169 


46 


86 


72 


1, 38.< 


Rateper 100,000 ... 


7.7 


3.5 


3.7 


1.1 


1.6 


2.2 


4. 1 


Weapons; carrying, possessing, 
















etc.: 
















Number of persons charged 


2,218 


1,408 


955 


689 


806 


405 


6,481 


Rate per 100,000 


20.9 


2,5.6 


20.9 


16.0 


14.7 


12.3 


19. 2 


Offenses against family and 
















children: 
















Number of persons charged 


1 5, 288 


-' 5, 097 


2,227 


3 1,841 


2,088 


875 


< 17,416 


Rate per 100,000 


51.2 


94.5 


48.8 


43.3 


38.0 


26.6 


52.3 


Liquor laws; 
















Number of persons charged 


3, 387 


7,009 


2,403 


1,674 


2,786 


n,949 


» 19, 108 


Rate per 1(M),000 


31.9 


127.3 


52.6 


36.7 


50.7 


69.4 


56.6 


Driving whili^ intoxicated: 
















Number of jiersons charged 


10, 393 


5,188 


5, 4<i8 


6,782 


9,127 


6, 805 


43, 76:< 


Rate per 100,000- " 


97.8 


94.2 


119.7 


158.0 


165. 9 


207.1 


129.6 


TrafTie and motor vehicle laws; 
















Number of persons charged 


1, 590, 632 


7 868, 491 


s 479. 860 


» 343, 715 


340, 233 


10 143,415 


"3,766,346 


Rate per 100,000 . 


14, 974. 9 


16, 298. 9 


10, 948. 8 


8, 290. 4 


6, 186. 2 


4,369.3 


n.:va. 5 



See footnotes at end of table. 



33 

Table 13. — Persons charged (held for prosecvtion) , 1942, number and rate 
100.000 inhabitants, by population groups — Continued 



per 





Group I 


Group II Group III 


Group IV 


Group V 


Group VI 


Total, 
1,193 
cities; 
total pop- 
ulation, 
33,773,488 


Offense charged 


20 cities 
over 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

10,621,959 


38 cities, 
100,000 to 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
5,506,196 


65 cities, 
50,000 to 
100,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
4,566,754 


124 cities, 
25,000 to 
50,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
4,293,043 


359 cities, 
10,000 to 
25,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
5,499,898 


587 cities 
under 
10,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

3,285,638 


Disorderly conduct: 

Number of persons charged . 
Rate per 100,000 


68, 803 
647.7 

224, 018 
2, 109. 

32, 939 
310.1 

17, 910 
168.6 

56, 731 
534. 1 


26, 394 
479.4 

150, 226 
2, 728. 3 

19, 564 
355.3 

12, 630 
229.4 

43, 325 
786.8 


18, 806 
411.8 

78, 891 
1, 727. 5 

11, 162 
244.4 

8,213 
179.8 

23,546 
515.6 


17,864 
416.1 

78, 131 
1, 819. 9 

5,815 
135.5 

4,821 
112.3 

12 21, 155 
496.8 


25, 676 
466.8 

108. 297 
1, 969. 1 

7,585 
137.9 

5,632 
102.4 

20, 557 
373.8 


16, 004 

487.1 

62, 118 
1, 890. 6 

5, 205 
158.4 

5 2, 736 
83.4 

10, 519 
320.2 


173, 547 
513.9 


Drunkenness: 

Number of persons charged _ 

Rate per 100.000. 

Vagrancy: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100.000_ 
Gambling: 

Number of persons charged . 

Rate per 100,000 


701, 681 
2, 077. 6 

82, 270 
243.6 

« 51, 942 
153.8 


All other offenses: 

Number of persons charged . 
Rate per 100,000. . 


13 175, 833 
521.2 



1-13 The number of persons charged and the rate are based on the reports from the number of cities indi- 
cated below: 



Footnote 


Cities 


Population 


Footnote 


Cities 


Population 


1 - - - 


19 

37 

123 

1,190 

586 

1,192 

37 


10, 327, 225 
5, 391, 230 

4, 255, 392 
33, 326, 137 

3, 282, 245 
33, 770, 095 

5, 328, 534 


8 


62 
120 
586 

1,184 
123 

1,192 


4, 382, 770 


2 


9 


4, 145, 943 


3 

4 

5 ... 


10.- 

11 

12 

13 


3, 282, 358 
33, 261, 462 

4, 258, 085 


6. 


33, 738, 530 


7 





The foregoing table includes opposite "traffic and motor vehicle 
laws" persons charged with violations of road and driving laws, park- 
ing regulations, and all other traffic and motor vehicle laws (excluding 
driving while intoxicated). Most of the cities represented, however, 
reported separate figures for each of these three categories and these 
data are presented in table 14 with the cities grouped according to size. 

Table 14. — Persons charged (held for prosecution), traffic violations, except driving 
while intoxicated, 1942: number and rate per 100,000 inhabitants, by population 
groups 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Group I 


Group II 


Group III 


Group IV 


Group V 


Group VI 


















Total, 




16 cities 


29 cities, 


52 cities, 


98 cities, 


327 cities, 


475 cities 


997 cities; 


Offense charged 


over 


100,000 to 


50,000 to 


25,000 to 


10,000 to 


under 


total pop- 




250,000; 


250,000; 


100,000; 


50,000; 


25,000; 


10,000; 


ulation, 




popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


26,271,832 




tion. 


tion. 


tion. 


tion. 


tion. 


tion, 






7,252,348 


4,190,518 


3,702,048 


3,453,634 


4,975,880 


2,697,404 




Road and driving laws: 
















Number of persons charged. 


354, 665 


78, 121 


79, 375 


48, 219 


67, 397 


34, 534 


662,311 


Rate per 100,000 


4, 890. 3 


1, 864. 2 


2, 144. 1 


1, 396. 2 


1, 354. 5 


1, 280. 3 


2, 521. 


Parking violations: 
















Number of persons charged. 


729, 522 


540, 693 


297, 496 


204, 869 


217, 119 


64,491 


2, 054, 190 


Rate per 100,000 


10, 059. 1 


12,902.8 


8, 036. 


5, 9.32. 


4, 363. 4 


2, 390. 9 


7, 819. 


Other traffic and motor vehicle 
















laws: 
















Number of persons charged 


119, 597 


22, 184 


33, 293 


24,412 


31, 979 


13, 306 


244, 771 


Rate per 100,000 


1, 649. 1 


529.4 


899.3 


706.8 


642.7 


493.3 


931.7 



34 



PERSONS CHARGED AND NUMBER 
FOUND GUILTY 

Calendar Y«ar 1942 

CRIMES AGAINST THE PERSON 

113 CITIES WITH OVER 25,000 INHABITANTS. TOTAL POPULATION 11,623,518 



NEGLIGENT 
MANSLAUGHTER 




ysuu 



AGGRAVATED 
ASSAULT 



74.7 

PER CENT A 





\ 
J 


WffW 



^/979 



Figure 7. 



35 

Offenses Known, Offenses Cleared by Arrest, and Persons Found Guilty, 
1942. 

Of those charged with crimes against the person, 69.4 percent were 
found guilty (49.8 percent guilty as charged, and 19.6 percent guilty of 
a lesser offense). Of those charged with crimes against property, 75.9 
percent were found guilty (67.2 percent guilty as charged, and 8.7 per- 
cent guilty of a less serious offense). 

Tabulations concerning persons found guilty for the part I and 
part II offense classes are presented separately in tables 15 and 16, 
respectively, smce the annual crime reports do not provide for the 
listing of data relating to offenses known to the police for the part II 
crimes as shown in table 16. For the part I offense classes, the pro- 
portion of persons found guilty ranged from 42.6 percent for man- 
slaughter by negligence to 76.6 percent for larceny. For the part II 
oft'ense classes, the proportion of persons charged who were found 
guilty ranged from 56.5 percent for other assaults (simple assault, 
assault and battery, etc.), to 87.2 percent for driving while intoxicated. 
A total of 2,274,190 persons were charged by the police in the 113 
cities represented in tables 15 and 16 and 1,804,904 (79.4 percent) were 
found guilty. 

The offense classes in table 16 are not identical to those listed in 
table 13 because some of the reports used in preparing the compilation 
relative to persons found guilty did not include separate figures for the 
offense classes which have been consolidated in table 16. 



Table 1.5. — Offenses known, offenses cleared by arrest, and numher of persons found 
guilty, 194^; 113 cities over 26,000 in population 

[Total population, 11,623,518, based on 1940 decennial census] 



Ofifense (part I classes) 



Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegli- 

gent manslaughter 

(6) Manslaughter by negli- 
gence 

Rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary — breaking or entering. . 
Larceny — theft (except auto 

theft) 

Auto theft 



Total 187,007 



Number 

of offenses 

known 

to the 

police 



685 

599 

1,163 

5,674 

7,788 

33. 222 

116, 332 
21, 544 



Number 

of offenses 

cleared 

by arrest 



629 

520 

944 

2,173 

5,801 

10, 702 

28, 315 
5,367 



54, 451 



Number 
of persons 
charged 
(held for 
prosecu- 
tion) 



602 

544 

845 

2,140 

4,979 

7.093 

18. 906 
3,990 



Number 
found 

guilty of 
offense 

charged 



Number 
found 

guilty of 
lesser 
offense 



295 

189 

366 

1,270 

2,623 

4,418 

13, 376 
2,550 



39,099 25,087 



43 

160 

304 

1,095 

955 

1,100 
423 



4,147 



Total 
found 
guilty (of 
offense 
charged 
or lesser 
offense) 



362 

232 

526 
1,574 
3,718 
5,373 

14, 476 
2,973 



29, 234 



Percent- 



found 
guilty 



60.1 

42.6 
62.2 
73.6 
74.7 
75.8 

76.6 
74.5 



36 



Table 16. — Ahtmber of persons charged {held for prosecution) and number found 
guilty, 1942; 113 cities over 25,000 in population 

[Total population, 11,623,518, based on 1940 decennial census] 



Offense, (part II classes) 



Other assaults 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Embezzlement and fraud 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, etc 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Sex offenses (including prostitution and 

commercialized vice) 

Offenses against the family and children. .. 

Narcotic drug laws 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness; disorderly conduct and 

vagrancy 

Gambling : 

Driving while intoxicated 

Traffic and motor vehicle laws 

All other offenses 



Total 3 2,235,091 3 1,765.003 



Number of 
persons 
charged 
(held for 
prosecu- 
tion) 



19,117 
1,050 
2,002 
993 
2,668 

16, 018 

1 8,546 

705 

9,558 

347, 063 

25, 849 

13, 905 

2 1, 723, 944 

63, 673 



Number 
found 

guilty of 
offense 

charged 



Number 
found 

guilty of 
lesser 

offense 



10, 266 
713 

1,171 
597 

1,953 

12,804 

1 4, 685 

569 

6,902 

263, 422 

18.719 

11,1.34 

2 1,396,121 

35, 947 



530 
93 

147 
48 

119 

303 

' 228 

8 

1,148 

2,411 

601 

994 

2 2, 684 

1,353 



Total 

found 

guilty (of 

offense 

charged or 

of lesser 

offense) 



Percentage 
found 
guilty 



10,796 

806 

1,318 

645 

2,072 

13, 107 

'4,913 

577 

8,050 

265, 833 

19, 320 

12, 128 

2 1, 398, 805 

37, 300 



3 10,667 I 3 1,775, 670 



56.5 
76.8 
65.8 
65.0 

77.7 

81.8 

'57.5 

81.8 

84.2 

76.6 
74.7 
87.2 
2 81.1 
58.6 



'79.4 



■ Based on the reports of 112 cities with a total population of 11,508,552. 

2 Based on the reports of 112 cities with a total population of 11,540,936. 

3 The total figures are subject to footnotes 1 and 2. 

Persons Released {Not Held for Prosecution), 1942. 

A study of the number of persons dealt with by the police would 
not be complete unless consideration is given to the number of those 
taken into custody and not formally charged but released by the 
police department. For that reason the annual reports provide not 
only for the listing of the number of persons arrested and formally 
charged with the commission of specific crimes but also for the record- 
ing of information as to the number of persons arrested but released 
by the police without being formally charged. 

A tabulation of "persons released by the police" concerns the 
number of persons taken into custody when it is thought they had 
been involved in the commission of some crime, but who were later 
released by the police without being formally charged, either because 
the police investigation established their innocence or because the 
evidence available was not sufficient to warrant the filing of formal 
charges against them. Included also are some instances in which 
youthful persons were released when the complainant refused to 
prosecute. Individuals taken into custody and i-eleascd with a 
reprimand or on the "golden rule" principle are likewise included, 
as well as persons summoned, notified, or cited to ajipear in court or 
at the police department for alleged traffic violations, who failed to 
appear and who were not subsequently arrested. 

The annual reports of 705 police departments, as they pertain to 
persons released, are summarized in table 17. The tabulation 
presents the number taken into custody and released by the police, 
together with the rate per 100,000 inhabitants, for cities grouped 
according to size. 



37 



PERSONS CHARGED AND NUMBER 
FOUND GUILTY 

CttlaiMfaur Year 1942 

CRIMES AGAiNST PROPERTY 

113 CiTlES WITH OVER 25,000 INHABITANTS TOTAL POaiUTiON 11,623<518 



ROBBERY 



73.6 



-< 



i,27o :•:•:•: 



2,I40 



BURGLARY 



75.8 




.;.;.;. «,IH8 v.v 



7,093 



KEY 



GUILTY OF 

LESSER 
OFFENSE 

GUILTY OF 
OFFENSE 
CHARGED 



TOTAL 
PERSONS 
CHARGED 



76.6 



LARCENY 



mj,tQO.m 



:•:•:•: 13,376 



18,906 



AUTO THEFT 



74.5 



3,990 



v:v 2,550 ; 



tX 



Figure 8, 



38 



Table 17. — Persons released wi'thonf being held for proservtion, 19^2; number and 

rate per 100,000 inhabitants, by population groups 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Offense 



Criminal homicide: 
■ (a) Murder and nonnegli- 
gent manslaughter: 
Number of persons 

released 

Rate per 100,000 

(6) Manslaughter by negli- 
gence: 
Number of persons 

released . _ 
Rate per 100,000 _ „ _ 
Robbery: 

Number of persons released 

Rate per 100,000 

Aggravated assault: 

Num ber of persons released 

Rate per 100,000 

Other assaults: 

Number of persons released. 

Rate per 100,000 

Burglary— breaking or enter- 
ing^ 
Number of persons released _ 

Rate per 100,000 

Larceny — theft: 

Number of persons released. 

Rate per 100,000 

Auto theft: 

Number of persons released. 

Rate per 100,000 

Embezzlement and fraud: 

Number of persons released. 

Rate per 100,000 

Stolen property; buying, re- 
ceiving, possessing: 

Number of persons released. 

Rate per 100,000 

Forgery and counterfeiting: 
Number of persons released. 
Rate per 100,000 



Group I 



Number of persons released 

Rate per 100,000.. .._ 

Prostitution and commercial- 
ized vice: 

Number of persons released 

Rate per 100,000 

Sex offenses (except rape ancl 
prostitution) : 

Number of persons released. 

Rate per 100,000 

Narcotic drug laws: 

Number of persons released. 

Rate per 100,000 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, 
etc.: 

Number of persons released . 

Rate per 1(H),0(X) 

Offenses against family and 
children: 

Number of persons released 

Rate per 100,000 

Liquor huvs: 

X u inber of persons released . 

Rate per 100,000. .. 

Driving while intoxicated: 

Number of persons released. 

Rate per 100,000 



15 cities 
over 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

6,679,564 



112 
1.68 



144 
2. 16 



8.3.3 



748 
11.2 



2,217 
3.3.2 



874 
1,3.1 



2,712 
40.6 



624 
9.3 



252 
3.8 



81 
1.2 



4,118 
61.7 



139 
2.1 



Group II 



53 
0.8 



295 
4.4 



1 72 

1. 1 



220 
3.3 



427 
6.4 



19 cities, 
100,000 to 
250,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
2,600,178 



18 
0.69 



23 

0.88 



109 
4.2 



72 
2.8 



196 

7.5 



316 
12.2 



777 
29.9 



249 
9.6 



24 

0.9 



13 
0.5 



29 
1. 12 



72 
2.8 



82 
3.2 



15 
0.6 



39 
1.5 



42 

1.6 



71 
2.7 



Group III 



37 cities, 
50,000 to 
100,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
2,614,995 



13 
0.50 



28 
1.07 



100 
.3.8 



86 
3.3 



356 
1.3.6 



297 
n.4 



850 
32.5 



10 
0.4 



36 

1.4 



27 
1.03 



97 
3.7 



106 
4. 1 



n 

0.4 



38 
1.5 



63 
2.4 



23 

0.9 



1.9 



Group IV 



80 cities, 

25,000 to 
50,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

2,768,443 



21 
0.76 



24 

0.87 



121 
4.4 



240 

8.7 



203 

7.3 



460 
16.6 



1, 173 
42.4 



198 
7.2 



63 
2.3 



65 
2.3 



30 

1.1 



21 
0.76 



73 
2.6 



115 
4.2 



,34 

1.2 



104 
3.8 



40 
1.4 



100 
3.6 



Group V 



241 cities, 
10,000 to 
25,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
3,663,528 



17 
0.46 



25 
0.68 



81 
2.2 



62 

1.7 



443 
12. ! 



493 
1.3.5 



1, 336 
36.5 



253 
6.9 



83 
2.3 



140 
3.8 



59 
1.6 



47 
L28 



261 
7.1 



138 
3.8 



67 

1.8 



409 
11.2 



194 
5.3 



2(H) 
5.5 



Group VI 



313 cities 
under 
10,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

1,8.30,779 



5 
0.27 



5 
0.27 



45 
2.5 



72 
3.9 



259 
14. 1 



430 
23.5 



795 
4.3.4 



206 
11.3 



20 

1. 1 



63 
3.4 



31 
1.7 



46 
2.51 



83 
4.5 



53 
2.9 



12 
0.7 



3.7 



240 
1,3. 1 



74 
4.0 



107 
6.8 



See footnotes at end of table. 



39 

Table 17. — Persons released without being held for -prosecution, 1942; number and 
rate per 100,000 inhabitants, by population groups — Continued 





Group I 


Group II 


Group III 


Group IV 


Group V 


Group VI 


Total, 

705 cities; 

total 

popula- 

lation, 

20,157,487 


Offense 


15 cities 
over 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

6,679,564 


19 cities, 
100,000 to 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
2,600,178 


37 cities, 
50,000 to 
100,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
2,614,995 


80 cities, 

25,000 to 
50,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

2,768,443 


241 cities, 
10,000 to 
25,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
3,663,528 


313 cities 
under 
10,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

1,830,779 


Traffic and motor vehicle laws: 
Number of persons released. 
Rate per 100,000 


22,547 
337.fi 

2,432 
36.4 

28, 474 
426.3 

2.614 
39.1 

9,223 
1.38. 1 

29, 687 
444.4 

16, 830 
252.0 


65, 201 
2, 507. fi 

339 
13.0 

15, 581 
599.2 

757 
29. 1 

43 
1.7 

8,709 
334.9 

689 
26.5 


3 25, 041 
976.6 

1,305 
49.9 

7,423 
283.9 

670 
25.6 

136 
5.2 

14, 940 
571.3 

2,069 
79.1 


43, 766 
1, 580. 9 

856 
30.9 

3,447 
124.5 

388 
14.0 

119 
4.3 

8,975 
324.2 

2,736 
98.8 


42, 316 
1, 155. 1 

1,903 
51.9 

5,220 
142.5 

1,521 
41.5 

207 
5.7 

10, 010 
273.2 

2,933 
80.1 


21, 706 
1, 185. 6 

1,462 
79.9 

6,372 
348.0 

1,377 

75.2 

172 
9.4 

5,324 
290.8 

2,569 
140.3 


i 220, 577 
1, 097 


Disorderly conduct: 

Number of persons released. 
Rate per 100,000 


8,297 
41 2 


Drunkenness: 

Number of persons released. 
Rate per 100,000 - . 


66, 517 
330 


Vagrancy: 

Number of persons released. 
Rate per 100,000 


7,327 
36.3 


Gambling: 

Number of persons released. 
Rate per 100,000 


9,900 
49. 1 


Suspicion: 

Number of persons released. 
Rate per 100,000 - 


77, 645 
385 2 


All other oflenses: 

Number of persons released- 
R ate per 100,000 


27, 826 
138 







' -* The number of persons released and the rate are based on the reports from the number of cities indicated 
below: 



Footnote 


Cities 


Population 


Footnote 


Cities 


Population 


1. 


14 
704 


6, 384, 830 
19, 862, 753 


3 


36 

704 


2, 564, 185 
20, 106, 677 


2 -- .-- -— 


4 





Since more detailed information was not included on many of the 
annual reports used in preparing the foregoing tabulations, the figures 
opposite classification "traffic and motor vehicle laws" include all types 
of violations of traffic laws. The reports of 430 of the cities, however, 
did show separate figures concerning persons released by the police for 
(1) violations of road and driving laws, (2) parking violations, and (3) 
violations of other traffic and motor vehicle laws. The available data 
are presented in table 18. Warning tags issued in some cities for 
minor violations of traffic regulations are included. 



40 



Table 18. — Persons released ivithout being held for prosecution, traffic violations, 
except driving while intoxicated, 194^; number and rate per 100,000 inhabitants, 
by population groups 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Offense charged 



Road and driving laws: 

Number of persons re- 
leased 

Rate per 1(10.000 

Parkinc violations: 

Number of persons re- 
leased 

Rate per 100.000 

Other traffic and motor vehicle 
laws: 
Number of persons re- 

Rate per 100,000.. 




157, 260 
1, 196. 9 



24.042 
18.3.0 



Offenses Known, Offenses Cleared by Arrest, and Persons CJiarged by 
Geographic Divisions, 1942. 

The data concerning offenses cleared and persons charged in tables 
12 and 13 are presented in tables 19 and 20 with the cities represented 
grouped by geographic division in order to make possible the com- 
parisons of local figures with the average for other cities in the same 
section of the country. For a list of the States mcluded in each of the 
nine geographic divisions reference may be made to the data im- 
mediately preceding table 4 of this issue of the bulletin. 

Since marked variations are regularly seen in the number of 
offenses committed per 100,000 population in th(> different sections of 
the country, it normally follows that somewhat similar variations 
may be expected in the number of persons arrested in the several 
geographic divisions. 

In examining the data presented in table 20 it should be remembered • 
that the figures for prostitution and commercialized vice may be con- 
sidered conservative, for in many jurisdictions persons taken into 
custody for such violations are frequ(>ntly charged with other sex 
oft'(>iises (such as adultery, fornication, lewd and lascivious conduct), 
vagrancy, or disorderly conduct, and such arrests therefore are listed 
opposite those offense classes. Similarly persons arrested for intoxi- 
cation may be charged with disorderly conduct; persons arrested for 
felonious assaults may be charged with a misdemeanor assault; and 
persons arrested for auto theft may be charged with the use of an 
automobile without the owner's consent. 

The tabulations, in other words, may be influenced by the local 
policy as to what offense is charged. Theoretically, an off'ender 



41 

should be charged with the offense committed, but in many instances 
the charge placed against the offender by the police is dependent upon 
the policy and practice of other officials, such as the prosecuting 
attorneys and judges. These local practices are, of course, materially 
affected by public opinion and established customs in the community. 



Table 19. — Number of offenses known, number and percentage of offenses cleared 
by arrest, 1942, by geographic divisions 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Geographic division 



NEW ENGLAND STATES 

126 cities; total population, 3,662,489 

Number of ofTenses known 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest. .. 

MIDDLE ATLANTIC STATES 

274 cities; total population, 7,631,467: 

Number of offenses known 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest-.^ 

EAST NORTH CENTRAL STATES 

294 cities; total population, 7,527,740: 

Number of offenses known 

Number cleared bj^ arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest. ._ 

WEST NORTH CENTRAL STATES 

138 cities; total population, 4,087,778: 

Number of offenses known 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest 

SOUTH ATLANTIC STATES 

95 cities; total population, 3,237,713: 

Number of offenses known 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest 

EAST SOUTH CENTRAL STATES 

30 cities: total population, 593,013: 

Number of offenses known 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest 

WEST SOUTH CENTRAL STATES 

69 cities; total population, 2,661,305: 

Number of offenses known. 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest 

MOUNTAIN STATES 

44 cities; total population, 985,177: 

Number of offenses known 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest 

PACIFIC STATES 

123 cities; total population, 3,386,806: 

Number of ofTenses known 

Number cleared by arrest 

Percentage cleared by arrest 



Criminal 
homicide 



Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



192 

182 

94.8 



244 

202 

82.8 



153 
147 
36.1 



519 

481 

92.7 



109 

102 

93.6 



329 

293 
89.1 



32 

30 

93.8 



140 
121 
36.4 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



Kape 



93 

74 

79.6 



344 

319 

92.7 



218 

170 

78.0 



67 
75.3 



146 

135 

92.5 



42 

35 

83.3 



134 

122 

91.0 



71 

66 

93.0 



297 

246 

82.8 



236 
205 



572 
514 



658 

495 

75.2 



300 

255 

85.0 



407 
353 

86.7 



26 

29 

111.5 



210 
164 

78.1 



127 

92 

72.4 



471 

336 

71.3 



Rob- 
bery 



404 

195 

48.3 



1,486 

751 

50.5 



2,633 
937 
35.6 



972 

462 

47.5 



2,105 
1,244 
59.1 



207 

130 

62.8 



1,161 
497 
42.8 



501 

224 

44.7 



2,532 

759 

30.0 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



30G 
240 

78.4 



2,059 
1.794 
87.1 



1,674 
1,252 
74.8 



1,488 
1,025 
68.9 



6,481 
5,463 
84.3 



909 
802 
88.2 



2,900 
2,353 
81.1 



276 

231 

83.7 



1,327 
858 
64.7 



9,387 
2,853 
30.4 



12,812 
4,791 
37.4 



19, 224 
5,866 
30.5 



9,007 

2,969 

33.0 



12, 074 

3,756 

31.1 



707 
37.4 



8,520 

2,654 

31.2 



4,526 
1,470 
32.5 



13, 213 

3,509 
26.6 



Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 



22, 685 
5,265 
23.2 



31, 473 

8,854 

28.1 



67, 979 

15, ,548 

22.9 



33,001 

9,330 

28.3 



40,153 

12, 310 

30.7 



5,464 
1,977 
36.2 



32, 018 

8,919 

27.9 



14, 575 
3,109 
21.3 



50, 282 

8,032 

16.0 



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DATA COMPILED FROM FINGERPRINT RECORDS 

Source of Data. 

During the first 6 months of 1943 the F B I examined 230,740 arrest 
records, as evidenced hy fingerprint cards, in order to obtain data con- 
cerning the age, sex, race, and previous criminal histoiy of the persons 
represented. The compilation has been limited to instances of arrests 
for violations of state laws and municipal ordinances. In other words, 
fingerprint cards representing arrests for violations of Federal laws or 
representing commitments to any type of penal institution have been 
excluded from this tabulation. 

The number of fingerprint records examined was considerably 
smaller than the 305,570 examined in the first 6 months of 1942. The 
tabulation of data from fingerprint cards obviously does not include 
all persons arrested, since there are individuals taken into custody for 
whom no fingerprint cards are forwarded to Washington. Further- 
moi'e, data pertaining to persons arrested should not be treated as in- 
formation regarding the number of offenses committed, since two or 
more pex'sons may be involved in the joint commission of a single 
offense, and on the other hand one person may be arrested and charged 
with the commission of several separate crimes. 

Offense Charged. 

More than 35 percent (80,930) of the records examined during the 
first 6 months of 1943 represented arrests for major violations. Per- 
sons charged with murder, robbery, assault, burglary, larceny, or auto 
theft numbered 58,975, constituting 25.6 percent of the total arrest 
records examined. 

Sex. 

Fingerprint cards received representing arrests of males during the 
first 6 months of 1943 numbered 193,998, which represents a 29.3 per- 
cent decrease from the 274,525 cards received during the first 6 months 
of 1942. 

Female arrest prints increased, however, from 31,045 during the 
first 6 months of 1942 to 36,742 for the first 6 months of 1943. Al- 
though this 18.4 percent increase possibly may be due in part to an in- 
creased tendency on the part of the police to forward finger])rints of 
arrested women to Washington, the increase was so substantial as to 
indicate clearly a continued upswing in crime and delinquency among 
women and girls. The following are some of the changes in the arrests 
of males and females of all ages during the first 6 months of 1943 as 
compared with the corresponding period in 1942: 

(44) 



45 



Offense 



Burglary 

Larceny 

Embezzlement and fraud 



Percent change 



Male Female 



-20.5 
-32.5 
-44.5 



4-11.5 
4-10.8 
-f28.2 



Oflense 



Disorderly conduct 

Drunkenness 

Vagrancy 



Percent change 



Male Female 



-20.6 
-26.4 
-41.0 



-f49.5 
-fl2.9 
-1-49.6 



Age. 

During the first 6 months of 1943, age 18 predominated in the 
frequency of arrests, and age 19 was next. However, data for the 
separate sexes present a somewhat modified picture; for males age 18 
predominated with age 17 second in frequency, and for females age 
19 predominated with age 18 next. It is significant to observe that 
during the past decade the predominant age groups among females 
arrested have been ages 21, 22, and 23. The increased participation 
in crime on the part of young girls is reflected in the figures for the 
first half of this year which reflect that ages 19 and 18 were most 
frequently represented among the arrest records of females. 

For males and females combined, the figures for the groups in which 
the largest number of arrests occurred dui'ing the first 6 months of 
1943 are as follows: 

Number of 
Age: arrests 

18 12,747 

19 10, 644 

17 : 10,418 

22 7,914 

20 7,793 

For males and females combined there was a decrease in arrests of 
those under 21 years of age from 56,462 in the first half of 1942 to 
52,517 in 1943 ( — 7.0 percent). Ages 19 and 20 showed substantial 
decreases amounting to 18.1 percent and 34.1 percent respectively. 
At age 18 there was a slight decrease, amounting to less than 1 percent. 

For all ages 18 and over, there was a general decrease of 26.9 per- 
cent in the number of arrests (males and females combined). On 
the other hand, there was an increase at age 17 amounting to 17.7 
percent, and for all ages under 18 the combined increase in arrests 
totaled 13.6 percent. 

The increase in delinquency is most evident when an examination 
is made of figures for gLrls under 21 years of age, which disclose a 64.7 
percent increase, from 6,020 during the first half of 1942 to 9,915 in 
1943. The extent of the upward trend in arrests of females under 21 
years of age is more clearly revealed when it is noted that there were 
only 9,675 such arrests during the entire 1941 calendar year. 

For offenses against common decency the number of girls under 21 
years of age arrested dm'ing the first half of 1943 increased 89.5 per- 



46 



cent. This general category includes such offenses as drunkenness, 
vagrancy, disorderly conduct, prostitution and commercialized vice, 
and other sex crimes, such as adultery and fornication. 

For crimes against property (robbery, burglary, theft, and related 
offenses) arrests of girls under 21 years of age increased 30.8 percent; 
for miscellaneous offenses arrests increased 62.8 percent; but for 
assaults and homicides there was a decrease of 8.3 percent. 

The increase in delinquency on the part of girls under 21 years of 
age and boys under 18 years of age again shows the urgent need for 
efforts toward greater effectiveness in the planning and operation of 
community-wide crime prevention programs. This is a problem 
which no community can neglect without suffering the consequences 
in terms of degraded youth and rising crime costs. 

In addition to the arrests of 52,517 males and females under voting 
age, there were 29,583 (12.8 percent) between the ages of 21 and 24, 
making a total of 82,100 (35.6 percent) less than 25 years old. Arrests 
of persons 25 to 29 years old numbered 31,241 (13.5 percent). The 
resultant total is 113,341 (49.1 percent) less than 30 years of age. 
(With reference to the ages of persons represented by fingerprint 
cards received at the F B I, it should be borne in mind that the num- 
ber of arrest records is doubtless incomplete in the lower age groups 
because in some jurisdictions it is not the practice to fingerprint youth- 
ful individuals.) 

Table 21. — Distribution of arrests by sex, Jan. 1-June SO, 194S 



Offense charged 




Number 




Percent 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Criminal homicide 


2,180 

5,246 

16, 042 

11, 186 

19, 810 

4,511 

3,712 

982 

' 289 

1,896 

2,617 

4,018 

5,453 

539 

2, 662 

3, 533 
3,037 
9,258 
2,124 

24 

2,243 

16, 154 

55, 995 

16. 709 

6, 364 

19, 534 

647 

13,975 


1,881 

4,995 

14, 247 

10, 876 

16,611 

4,438 

3, 189 

871 

256 

1,678 

2,617 

1, 035 
3,516 

481 
2,504 
3,358 

2, 437 
8,845 
2,079 

23 
2, 163 
12, 229 
50, 169 
10, 794 
5, 963 
15,5,33 
513 
10, 697 


299 
251 

1,795 
310 

3,199 
73 
523 
111 
33 
218 

"'2,' 983" 

1. 937 

58 

158 

175 

600 

413 

45 

1 

80 

3, 925 

5,826 

5,915 

401 

4,001 

134 

3,278 


0.9 
2.3 
7.0 
4.8 
8.6 
2.0 
1.6 
0.4 
0.1 
0.8 
1.1 
1.7 
2.4 
0.2 
1.2 
1.5 
1.3 
4.0 
0.9 

(') 
1.0 
7.0 

24.3 
7.2 
2.8 
8.5 
0.3 
6.1 


1.0 
2.6 
7.3 
5.6 
8.6 
2.3 
1.6 
0.4 
0.1 
0.9 
1.3 
0.5 
1.8 
0.2 
L3 
1.7 
1.3 
4.6 
1. 1 
0) 
1.1 

6.3 
25.9 
5.6 
3.1 
8.0 
0.3 
5.5 


0.8 


Robbery _ -. 


0.7 


Assault 


4.9 


Burglary — breaking or entering 


0. S 


Larceny — theft 


8.7 


Autotheft 


0.2 


Embezzlement and fraud 


1.4 


Stolen property; buying, receiving, etc _- 

Arson . 


0.3 
0. 1 


Forgery and counterfeiting 


0.6 


Rape 




Prostitution and commercialized vice 


8. 1 


Other sex offenses . 


5.3 


Narcotic drug laws . 


0.2 


Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. 


0.4 


Offenses against family and children . . . 


0.5 


Liquor laws . .. 


1.6 


Driving while intoxicated... 


1. 1 


Road and driving laws 


0. 1 


Parking violations 


(') 




0.2 


Disorderly conduct 


10.7 


Drunkenness.. 


15.9 


Vagrancy 


16. 1 


(lambling '. 


1. 1 


Suspicion ^.. 


10.9 


Not stated 


0.4 


All other offenses . . 


8.9 






Totals 


230, 740 


193, 998 


36, 742 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 







■ Less than 1/10 of 1 percent. 



47 



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48 



Table 23. — Number and percentage of arrests of persons under 25 years of age, male 
and female, Jan. l~June SO, 194S 



Offense charged 



Criminal homicide 

Robbery 

Assault 

Burglary — breaking or entering. 

Larceny— theft 

A uto theft _. 

Embezzlement and fraud. _ 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, etc 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Rape .._ 

Prostitution and commercialized vice.. 

Other sex offenses 

Narcotic drug laws 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Offenses against family and children... 

Iviquor laws 

Driving while intoxicated.- 

Rnad and driving laws 

Parking violations 

Other traffic and motor vehicle laws... 

D isorderly conduct 

Drunkenness 

Vagrancy 

Gambling 

Suspicion 

Not stated 

All other offenses 

Totals 



Total 


Number 


Total 

number 

under 25 

years of 

age 


Percent- 


number 


under 21 


age under 


of persons 


years of 


21 years 


arrested 


age 


of age 


2,180 


285 


574 


13.1 


fi, 246 


2,156 


3,241 


41.1 


16,042 


2,314 


4,616 


14.4 


11. 186 


6,548 


7,911 


58.5 


19,810 


7,376 


10, 208 


37.2 


4,511 


2,936 


3,703 


65.1 


3,712 


560 


1,061 


15.1 


982 


207 


338 


21.1 


289 


77 


98 


26.6 


1,896 


519 


796 


27.4 


2,617 


842 


1,293 


32.2 


4,018 


754 


1,686 


18.8 


5, 453 


978 


2,006 


17.9 


539 


35 


89 


6.5 


2,662 


692 


1,076 


26.0 


3, 533 


191 


668 


5.4 


3,037 


286 


582 


9.4 


9, 258 


439 


1,107 


4.7 


2,124 


499 


867 


23.5 


24 


4 


10 


16.7 


2,243 


589 


975 


26.3 


16,154 


3,682 


6,206 


22.8 


55, 995 


3,330 


7,226 


.5.9 


16, 709 


4,834 


7,705 


28.9 


6,364 


562 


1,146 


8.8 


19, 534 


6,367 


9, 340 


32.6 


647 


139 


250 


21.5 


13, 975 


5. 316 


7,322 


38.0 


230, 740 


52, 517 


82,100 


22.8 




26.3 
61.8 
28.8 
70.7 
.51.5 
82.1 
28.6 
34.4 
33.9 
42.0 
49.4 
42.0 
36.8 
16.5 
40.4 
18.9 
19.2 
12.0 
40.8 
41.7 
43.5 
38.4 
12.9 
46.1 
18.0 
47.8 
38.6 
52.4 



3.5.6 



Criminal Repeaters. 

Of the 230,740 arrest records examined, 109,045 (47.8 percent) rep- 
resented persons who ah-eady had fing-erprint records on file in the 
Identification Division of the FBI. For males the percentage with 
prior records was 50.2 and for females the percentage was 31.6. 

Race. 

Most of the persons represented in this study were memhei-s of the 
white and Negro races. Including Mexicans, who numhered 9,086, 
members of the white race represented 166,964 of the 230,740 arrest 
records received, while 60,291 were Negroes, 2,615 Indians, 256 
Chinese, 63 Japanese, and 551 were representatives of otber races. 



OFFENSE CLASSIFICATIONS 

In order to indicate more clearly the types of offenses included in part I and 
part II offenses, there follows a brief definition of each classification: 

Part I Offenses. 

1. Criminal homicide. — (a) Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter includes all 
wilful felonious homicides as distinguished from deaths caused by negligence. 
Does not include attempts to kill, assaults to kill, suicides, accidental deaths, or 
justifiable homicides. Justifiable homicides excluded from this classification are 
limited to the following types of cases: (1) The killing of a felon by a peace oflScer 
in line of duty; (2) The killing of a hold-up man by a private citizen, {h) Man- 
slaughter by negligence includes any death which the police investigation estab- 
lishes was primarily attributable to gross negligence on the part of some individual 
other than the victim. 

2. Rape. — Includes forcible rape, statutory rape (no force used — victim under 
age of consent), assault to rape, and attempted rape. 

3. Robbery. — Includes stealing or taking anything of value from the person by 
force or violence or by putting in fear, such as strong-arm robbery, stick-ups, 
robbery armed. Includes assault to rob and attempt to rob. 

4. Aggravated assault. — Includes assault with intent to kill; assault by shooting, 
cutting, stabbing, maiming, poisoning, scalding, or by the use of acids. Does not 
include simple assault, assault and battery, fighting, etc. 

5. Bvrglary — breaking or entering. — Includes burglary, housebreaking, safe- 
cracking, or any unlawful entry to commit a felony or a theft, even though no force 
was used to gain entrance. Includes attempts. Burglary followed by larceny 
is included in this classification and not counted again as larceny. 

6. Larceny — theft (except auto theft). — (a) Fifty dollars and over in value; 
(6) under $50 in value — includes in one of the above subclassifications, depending 
upon the value of the property stolen, thefts of bicycles, automobile accessories, 
shoplifting, pocket-picking, or any stealing of property or article of value which 
is not taken by force and violence or by fraud. Does not include embezzlement, 
"con" games, forgery, worthless checks, etc. 

7. Auto theft. — Includes all cases where a motor vehicle is stolen or driven 
away and abandoned, including the so-called joy-riding thefts. Does not include 
taking for temporary use when actually returned by the taker, or unauthorized use 
by those having lawful access to the vehicle. 

Part II Offenses. 

8. Other assaults. — Includes all assaults and attempted assaults which are not 
of an aggravated nature and which do not belong in class 4. 

9. Forgery and counterfeiting. — Includes offenses dealing with the making, 
altering, uttering, or possessing, with intent to defraud, anything false which is 
made to appear true. Includes attempts. 

10. Embezzlement and fraud. — Includes all offenses of fraudulent conversion, 
embezzlement, and obtaining money or property by false pretenses. 

11. Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing. — Includes buying, receiving, 
and possessing stolen property as well as attempts to commit any of those offenses. 

(49) 



50 

12. Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. — Includes all violations of regulations 
or statutes controlling the carrj-ing, using, possessing, furnishing, and manufactur- 
ing of deadly weapons or silencers and all attempts to violate such statutes or 
regulations. 

13. Prosithdion and commercialized vice. — Includes sex offenses of a commercial- 
ized nature, or attempts to commit the same, such as prostitution, keeping bawdy 
house, procuring, transporting, or detaining women for immoral purposes. 

14. Sex offenses (except rape and prostitution and commercialized vice). — In- 
cludes offenses against chastity, common decency, morals, and the like. Includes 
attempts. 

15. Offenses against the family and children. — Includes offenses of nonsupport, 
neglect, desertion, or abuse of family and children. 

16. Narcotic drug laws. — Includes offenses relating to narcotic drugs, such as 
unlawful possession, sale, or use. Excludes Federal offenses. 

17. Liquor laws. — With the exception of "drunkenness" (class 18) and "driving 
while intoxicated" (class 22), liquor law violations. State or local, are placed in 
this class. Excludes Federal violations. 

18. Drunkenness. — Includes all offenses of drunkenness or intoxication. 

19. Disorderly conduct. — Includes all charges of committing a breach of the 
peace. 

20. Vagrancy. — Includes such offenses as vagabondage, begging, loitering, etc. 

21. Gambling. — Includes offenses of promoting, permitting, or engaging in 
gambling. 

22. Driving while intoxicated. — Includes driving or operating any motor vehicle 
while drunk or under the influence of liquor or narcotics. 

23. Violation of road and driving laws. — Includes violations of regulations with 
respect to the proper handling of a motor vehicle to prevent accidents. 

24. Parking violations. — Includes violations of parking ordinances. 

25. Other violations of traffic and motor vehicle laws. — Includes violations of 
State laws and municipal ordinances with regard to traffic and motor vehicles 
not otherwise provided for in classes 22-24. 

26. All other offenses. — Includes all violations of State or local laws for which 
no provision has been made above in classes 1-25. 

27. Suspicion. — This classification includes all persons arrested as suspicious 
characters, but not in connection witli any specific offense, who are released with- 
out formal charges being placed against tliem. 

o 



UNIFORM 

CRIME 
REPORTS 



FOR THE UNITED STATES 
AND ITS POSSESSIONS 




ISSUED BY THE 

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 

WASHINGTON, D. C. 




Volume XIV 
ANNUAL 


Number 2 
BULLETIN • 1943 



UNIFORM 
CRIME REPORTS 

FOR THE UNITED STATES 
AND ITS POSSESSIONS 



Volume XIV— Number 2 
ANNUAL BULLETIN, 1943 



Issued by the 

Federal Bureau of Investigation 

United States Department of Justice 

Washington, D. C. 




ADVISORY 



Intematioral Association of Chiefs of Police 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1944 



y.S.SUPER(NTrNnFNT Of DOCUMENTS 

MAft 21 1944 



Contents 

Summary of volume XIV, No. 2 51-53 

Classification of offenses 53 

Extent of reporting area 54 

Monthly reports: 

Offenses known to the police — cities divided according to population 

(table 24) : - _ 55-56 

Annual trends, offenses known to the police (table 25) 57-60 

Monthly variations, offenses known to the police (table 26) 61-64 

Offenses known to the police- — cities divided according to location 

(tables 27-29) 65-70 

Offenses in individual cities over 25,000 in population (table 30) 71-78 

Data from supplementary offense reports (tables 31-33) 78-81 

Offenses known to sheriffs and State police (table 34) 81 

Offenses known in Territories and possessions (table 35) 81-82 

Estimated number of major crimes, 1942-43 (table 36) 82-85 

Data compiled from fingerprint cards, 1943: 

Sex distribution of persons arrested (table 37) 86-87 

Age distribution of persons arrested (tables 38- 39) 87-94 

Percentage with previous fingerprint record (table 40) 94 

Race distribution of persons arrested (table 41) 96 

Definition of part I and part II offense classifications 97-98 

Index to volume XIV 99-100 

(n) 



UNIFORM CRIME REPORTS 

J. Edgar Hoover, Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation, U. S. Department 
of Justice, Washington, D. C. 



Volume XIV January 1944 Number 2 

SUMMARY 

Crime Trends, 1939-43. 

Reports received from 318 of the nation's larger cities showed the 
following increases in 1943 as compared with 1942: Rape, 9.7 percent; 
burglary, 3.4 percent; auto theft, 11.5 percent. On the other hand, 
the following decreases were shown: Murder, 12.3 percent; negligent 
manslaughter, 10.3 percent; aggravated assault, 0.5 percent; robbery, 
2.0 percent; larceny, 10.6 percent. 

The pronounced auto theft increase of 11.5 percent in 1943 caused 
the figure for that year to be 5.5 percent over the pre-war average 
for 1939-41. Auto thefts increased last year in all sections of the 
country except the Middle Atlantic, South Atlantic, and East South 
Central States. The continued increase in rapes during 1943 resulted 
in the figure for last year being 21.9 percent above the average for 
1939-41, Other felonious assaults last year were 7.1 percent above 
the pre-war average for 1939-41. Although burglaries increased 3.4 
percent over 1942, the figure last year was 10.2 percent below the 
average for 1939-41. 

The average value of property stolen pe^ offense showed substantial 
increases in 1943 as compared with 1942, as follows: Robbery, 7.3 
percent; burglary, 21.7 percent; larceny, 30.8 percent; auto theft, 
6.7 percent. Although larcenies as a whole decreased in number, a 
39.5 percent increase occurred in pocket-picking and a 22.9 percent 
increase in purse-snatching. Shoplifting showed a decrease of 6.2 
percent, and thefts of auto accessories decreased 56.4 percent. 

Daytime residence burglaries increased 7.2 percent but nighttime 
residence burglaries declined 10.6 percent. Nonresidence burglaries 
committed during the night hours increased 9.4 percent. 

Although oil station robberies decreased 72.7 percent last year, 
highway robberies increased 5.6 percent. 
Estimated Number of Major Crimes, 1943. 

On the average day last year there were 27 criminal homicides, 29 
rapes, and 136 other felonious assaults; there were 124 robberies, 745 

(51) 



52 

burglaries, 2,209 larcenies, and 514 auto thefts. The estimated total 

of major crimes occurring in the United States during 1943 was 

1,381,681. 

Monthly Variations in Crime. 

Wartime conditions continued to show a marked influence on the 
seasonal variations in crime, upsetting to some extent the trends which 
had been considered normal in peacetime. This serves as a reminder 
that local law enforcement administrators need to employ tabulations 
showing yearly, quarterly, monthly, daily, and hourly variations in 
the frequency of local crimes, together with compilations revealing 
the geographic distribution of offenses, in order that available law 
enforcement officers may bo used most eft'ectively. 

Crime Rates, 1943. 

Tables are presented in this bulletin showing the number of offenses 
reported and the rate per 100,000 inhabitants for cities grouped by size 
and location. The figures for the reporting cities divided into six groups 
by size disclose that all six groups of cities showed decreases for murder, 
manslaughter, and larceny; five groups shovved decreases in aggra- 
vated assaults; and 4 groups showed decreases in robberies; all six 
groups showed increases in auto thefts; four showed increases in 
burglaries and rapes. 

As a general proposition the larger cities have higher crime rates 
than the smaller communities. The exceptions are that aggravated 
assaults occurred with greatest frequency in cities with population 
from 50,000 to 100,000 and that larcenies in cities over 250,000 in 
population were lower than in cities with from 25,000 to 250,000 
inhabitants. 
Persons Arrested, 1943. 

Last year 490,764 fingerprint arrest records were examined and 
79,122 represented women. This is an increase of 12.5 percent over 
the number of women arrested and fingerprinted in 1942. Male 
arrests decreased 20.2 percent last year. For the first time in 12 years, 
age 17 predominated in the frequency of males arrested, and age 18 
predominated in the frequency of female arrests. Boy arrests under 
18 increased 23.4 percent and girl arrests under 21 years of age increased 
47.9 percent. 

Arrests of females under 21 years of age for offenses against common 
decency increased 56.9 percent, for crimes against property 30.1 per- 
cent, and for miscellaneous violations 53.2 percent. Arrests for 
assaults and homicides decreased 5.5 percent. 

Arrests of males under 18 years of age increased 39.8 percent for 
rape, 39.0 percent for robbery, 27.7 percent for burglary, and 23.4 
percent for auto theft. 



53 

Of the total fingerprint arrest records received last year, 47.7 percent 
represented persons who already had fingerprint records on file in the 
Identification Division of the FBI. For males the percentage was 
51".! and for females, 29.8. 

The seriousness of the problem of juvenile delinquency is more clearly 
seen when it is noted that compared with arrests in 1941, the figures 
for 1943 show that arrests of girls under 21 years of age increased 
130.4 percent. 

CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENSES 

The term "offenses known to the police" is designed to include those 
crimes designated as part I classes of the uniform classification occur- 
ring within the police jurisdiction, whether they become known to the 
police through reports of police officers, of citizens, of prosecuting or 
court officials, or otherwise. They are confined to the following group 
of seven classes of grave offenses, shown by experience to be those most 
generally and completely reported to the pohce: Criminal homicide, 
including (a) murder, noonegligent manslaughter, and (b) manslaugh- 
ter by negligence ; rape ; robbery ; aggravated assault ; burglary — break- 
ing or entering; larceny — theft ; and auto theft. The figures contained 
herein include also the number of attempted crimes of the designated 
classes. In other words, an attempted burglary or robbery, for ex- 
ample, is reported in the bulletin in the same manner as if the crime 
had been completed. Attempted murders, however, are reported as 
aggravated assaults. 

"Offenses known to the police" include, therefore, all of the above 
offenses, including attempts, which are reported by the law-enforce- 
ment agencies of contributing communities and not merely arrests or 
cleared cases. Offenses committed by juveniles are included in the 
same manner as those known to have been committed by adults, 
regardless of the prosecutive action. Complaints which upon inves- 
tigation are learned to be groundless are not included in the tabulations 
which follow. 

In publishing the data sent in by chiefs of police in different cities, 
the FBI does not vouch for their accuracy. They are given out as 
current information which may throw some light on problems of 
crime and criminal-law enforcement. 

In compiling the tables, returns which were apparently incomplete 
or otherwise defective were excluded. 

In the last section of this bulletin may be found brief definitions of 
part I and II offense classifications. 



54 

EXTENT OF REPORTING AREA 

In the table which follows, there is shown the number of police 
departments from which one or more crime reports were received dur- 
ing the calendar year 1943. Information is presented for the cities 
divided according to size, and the population figures employed are 
from the 1940 decennial census. 



Population group 


Total 
number 
of cities 
or towns 


Cities filing returns 


Total pop- 
ulation 


Population repre- 
sented in returns 




Number 


Percent 


Number 


Percent 


Total -- 


1,077 


1,027 


95.36 


62, 715, 897 


61.768,408 


98.49 






1. Cities over 250,000 


37 
55 
107 
213 
665 


37 

55 

105 

208 

622 


100. 00 
100.00 
98.13 
97. 65 
93.53 


30, 195, 339 
7, 792, 650 
7,343,917 
7, 417, 093 
9, 966, 898 


30, 195, 339 
7, 792, 650 
7, 203, 857 
7, 242, 098 
9, 334, 464 


100.00 


2. Cities 100,000 to 250,000 . . 


100.00 


3. Cities 50,000 to 100,000 - 


98.09 


4. Cities 25,000 to 50,000 


97.64 


5 Cities 10,000 to 25,000 .. . 


93.65 







Note. — The above table does not include 1,918 cities, villages, and rural townships aggregating a total 
population of 9,517,397. The cities and villages included in this figure are those of less than 10,000 popula- 
tion filing returns, whereas the rural townships are of varying population groups. 

In addition to the 2,945 city and village police departments which 
forwarded crime reports during 1943, one or more reports were re- 
ceived during the year from 1,937 sheriffs and State Police organiza- 
tions and from 8 agencies in Territories and possessions of the United 
States, making a grand total of 4,890 agencies contributing crime 
reports to the FBI during 1943. 



MONTHLY REPORTS 

Offenses Known to the Police — Cities Divided According to Population. 

Table 24 presents the number of known offenses and the rate per 
100,000 during 1943 as reported by the police departments of 2,089 
cities with a combined population of 65,598,206. The figures are also 
presented for the cities divided into six groups by size. This informa- 
tion makes it possible for police administrators and other interested 
individuals to compare local data with national averages. 

When compared with similar data for 1942, the figures in table 24 
disclose that decreases occurred in all offense classes except rape, 
burglary, and auto theft. When examining the figures for the indi- 
vidual groups of cities divided by size, it is noted that ail six groups 
of cities showed decreases in murder, manslaughter, and larceny; all 
but group II showed decreases in aggravated assaults, and all but 
groups II and VI showed decreases in robberies. On the other hand, 
all six groups of cities showed increases in auto thefts; all but groups 
III and IV showed increases in burglaries; and all but groups III and 
VI showed increases in rapes. 

It is interesting to note that the average figures for group II cities 
show increases in all offense classes except homicide and larceny, 
whereas the average figures for group III cities reflect decreases in all 
offense classes except auto theft. 

Confirming the studies of prior years, table 24 reflects as a general 
proposition that the larger cities have higher crime rates than the 
smaller communities. With the exception of aggravated assault and 
larceny, cities over 100,000 in population reported higher crime rates 
than the smaller cities. For aggravated assault the highest rate was 
reported by cities with from 50,000 to 100,000 inhabitants, and for lar- 
ceny the average rate for cities with over 250,000 inhabitants is lower 
than the rates for cities with from 25,000 to 250,000 inhabitants. 

The following tabulation shows the percentage distribution of the 
crimes reported for 1943: 



Offense 



Total 

Larceny 

Burglary... 
Auto theft- 



Kate per 
100,000 



1, 432. 1 



829.4 
300.9 
187.8 



Percent 



100.0 



57.9 
21.0 
13.1 



Offense 



Assault 

Robbery 

Rape 

Murder 

Manslaughter 



Rate per 
100,000 



49.7 

45.3 

10.7 

4.8 

3.5 



Percent 



3.5 
3.2 



(55) 



56 



The foregoing figures reveal that only 4.8 percent of the total 
crimes represented in table 24 were composed of homicides, rapes, 
and other felonious assaults. Nevertheless, it should be noted that 
the cities represented in the tabulation reported 3,130 murders, 2,220 
negligent manslaughters, 7,041 rapes, and 32,627 aggravated assaults. 
Although robberies constituted only 3.2 percent of the total offenses, 
29,695 such crimes are included in the compilation. 

The estimated total of serious crimes committed in the United 
States during 1943 is presented in table 36. 

Table 24. — Offenses known to the police, January to December, inclusive, 1943; 
number and rate per 100,000 inhabitants, by population groups 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Criminal homi- 
cide 


Rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
entering 


Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 




Population group 


Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 


Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 


Auto 
theft 


GROUP I 

36 cities over 250,000; total pop- 
ulation, 29,894,166: 
Number of offenses known . . 
Rate per 100,000 _. 


1,663 
5.56 

461 
6.03 

329 

4.85 

268 
3.81 

204 
2.64 

205 
3.30 


1 1, 097 
3.86 

372 
4.86 

245 
3.61 

245 
3.48 

151 
1.88 

110 
1.77 


3,956 
13.23 

848 
11.08 

593 

8.75 

497 
7.06 

667 
8.31 

480 
7.72 


19, 059 
63.8 

3,879 
50.7 

2,306 
34.0 

1,767 
25.1 

1,527 
19.0 

1,157 
18.6 


16, 386 
54.8 

4,383 
57.3 

4,002 
59.0 

3,888 
55.2 

2,348 
29.3 

1,620 
26.1 


2 69, 859 
340.6 

30, 386 
397.2 

20,800 
306.8 

19,038 
270.5 

17,764 
221.4 

11,289 
181.7 


2 167, 352 
816.0 

77, 639 
1, 014. 9 

64,329 
948.8 

65, 334 
928.3 

60,(>81 
756.5 

30,883 
497.0 


59,725 
199.8 


GROUP II 

54 cities, 100,000 to 250,000; 
total population, 7,650,052: 
Number of offenses known _ . 
Rate per 100,000 


20,323 
265.7 


GROUP III 

98 cities, 50,000 to 100,000; total 
population, 6,779,840: 
Number of offenses known. 
Rate per 100,000 . 


12, 756 
188.1 


GROUP IV 

202 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; total 
population, 7,037,935: 
Number of offenses known. . 
Rate per 100,000.. 


11,904 
169.1 


GROUP V 

531 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; total 
population, 8,021,763: 
Number of offenses known . . 
Rate per 100,000... 


11,460 
142.9 


GROUP VI 

1,168 cities under 10,000; total 
population, 6,214,450: 
Number of ofTcnses known . 
Rate per 100,000 


6.993 
112.5 






TOTAL, GROUPS I-VI 

2,089 cities; total population, 
65,598,206: 
Number of offenses known.. 
Rate per 100,000 


3,130 
4.77 


" 2,220 
3.46 


7,041 
10.73 


29,695 
45.3 


32,627 
49.7 


> 169, 136 
300.9 


« 466, 218 
829.4 


123, 161 
187.8 







• The number of offenses and rate for manslaughter by negligence are based on reports as follows: Group 
I, 35 cities, total population, 28,389,889; groups 1-VI, 2,088 cities, total population, 64,093,929. 

» The number of offenses and rate for burglary and larceny— theft are based on reports as follows: Group 
I, 34 cities, total population, 20,507,837; groups I-VI, 2,087 cities, total population, 56,211,877. 



57 

Annual Trends, Offenses Known to the Police. 

Monthl.y crime reports received from 318 of the Nation's larger 
cities showed increases in rape, burglary, and auto theft during 1943 
with homicides, robberies, aggravated assaults, and larcenies declining. 

Auto thefts showed the most pronounced increase (+11.5 percent) 
which placed the 1943 figure for these crimes 5.5 percent over the 
pre-war average for 1939-41. This is a significant trend in view of 
the wartime restrictions on the use of private automobiles. Auto 
thefts increased last year in all sections of the country except the Mid- 
dle Atlantic, South Atlantic, and East South Central States. The 
trend ranged from a 9.6 percent decrease in the Middle Atlantic States 
to a 40.5 percent increase in the Pacific geographic division. 

Offenses of rape, which have shown consistent increases during the 
past several years, were up 9.7 percent in 1943 over the previous year 
and 21.9 percent over the average for 1939-41. The New England 
and Atlantic Coast States showed decreases in offenses of rape but 
increases were recorded for the rest of the Nation . The South Atlan- 
tic States reported a 14.9 percent decrease while a 56.4 percent increase 
was registered in the States comprising the Mountain geographic 
division. 

While burglaries increased 3.4 percent over 1942, the annual figure 
was stUl 10.2 percent under the pre-war average. Three geographic 
divisions (West North Central, South Atlantic, and East South Cen- 
tral) showed decreases and the other six showed increases. The 
largest decrease was 9.2 percent in the East South Central States, and 
on the other extreme, the Pacific region showed a 16.1 percent increase. 

Aggravated assault decreased slightly (—0.5 percent) during 1943, 
but the figure was still 7.1 percent in excess of the average for 1939-41. 
Of the nine geographic divisions, four (New England, East North 
Central, Mountain, and Pacific) reported increases in aggravated 
assault. The percentage change ranged from —33.2 for the East 
South Central States to +52.5 for the Pacific area. 

Robberies declined 2.0 percent last year. Only three geographic 
divisions (New England, Mountain, and Pacific) showed increases. 
Larcenies declined in all sections of the country except the Pacific 
division, and the total for the country last year was 10.6 percent un- 
der the figure for 1942. 

With reference to the general decrease in robberies and larcenies it 
is significant to note that an analysis of the crime reports received last 
year from the larger cities of the Nation reflects that despite the de- 
crease in the number of property crimes committed there was a substan- 
tial increase in the total value of property stolen. (See tables 31-33.) 

Negligent manslaughters which showed a 10.3 percent decrease last 
year from 1942 declined in all geographic divisions except the Pacific 
area, where an 8.7 percent increase was recorded; and murder which 

573845—44 2 



58 




59 

showed a 12.3 percent decrease for the Nation decHned in all sections 
except the Mountain States, where a 29.4 percent increase was shown. 
Table 25 summarizes for the past 5 years the offenses known to the 
police in 318 cities with population in excess of 25,000. The data 
are presented not only for the United States as a whole but also for the 
nine geographic divisions separately. In examining the trends for 
individual geographic divisions, due consideration should be given to 
the fact that substantial shifts in population have occurred subsequent 
to the 1940 decennial census. 



Table 25. — Annual trends, offenses known to the police, 318 cities over 25,000 
in population, January to December, inclusive, 1939-43, by geographic 
divisions 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Geographic divisions 



NEW ENGLAND 

44 citifis, total population 
3,030,386: 

1939 . 

1940 

1941 

Average— 1939-41 

1942 

1943 

MIDDLE ATLANTIC 

57 cities, total population, 
13,531,551: 

1939 

1940 

1941 

Average— 1939-41 

1942 

1943 _.. 

EAST NORTH CENTRAL 

85 cities, total population, 
12,131,211: 

1939 

1940 

1941 

Average— 1939-41 

1942 , 

1943 

WEST NORTH CENTRAL 

27 cities, total population, 
3,541,995: 

1939 

1940 

1941 

Average— 1939-41 

1942 . . 

1943 



Criminal homi- 
cide 



Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



490 
471 
439 
467 
452 
3-1 



609 
571 
602 
594 
603 
544 



174 
141 
160 
158 
150 
145 



Rape 



54 
92 
116 

87 
80 
75 



523 
596 



606 
643 



354 
397 
431 
393 
392 
373 



174 
186 
182 
179 
183 
171 



1,231 
1,387 
1,256 
1,292 
1, 253 
1,183 



1,267 
1,181 
1,271 
1,241 
1,338 
1,517 



223 
235 
259 
239 
262 
335 



Rob- 
bery 



600 
423 
396 
440 



3,117 
3,395 
2,841 
3,118 
2,673 
2,335 



12, 538 
11, 708 
11, 125 
11, 791 
10, 481 
9,321 



2,161 
1,625 
1,306 
1,698 
1,006 
941 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 

or 
entering 



352 
366 
304 
342 
296 
377 



4,677 
4,404 
4,813 
4,632 
4,459 
4,225 



4, 323 
4,444 
5,056 
4,608 
5,374 
5,935 



1,107 
1,064 
946 
1,038 
1,443 
1,081 



Lar- 
ceny — 
theft 



9,656 


19, 208 


10,073 


20, 680 


9,785 


20,534 


9,838 


20,139 


8,815 


21, 094 


8,966 


17, 656 


18, 087 


40, 969 


22, 170 


44, 107 


20,597 


40, 662 


20, 285 


41,914 


16, 933 


40, 156 


17, 506 


32, 140 


40,480 


108, 736 


41,234 


117, 551 


38, 949 


117, 703 


40, 222 


114, 664 


35, 697 


107, 806 


36,876 


96, 998 


10, 845 


36, 510 


10, 056 


35, 777 


10, 312 


31, 608 


10,406 


34, 632 


8,297 


30, 458 


8,087 


25, 697 



Auto 
theft 



4,711 
5,053 
5,201 
4,988 
4,301 
4,332 



16, 431 
20, 129 
20,393 
18, 985 
16, 636 
15, 047 



17, 261 
17, 926 
18, 859 
18, 016 
16, 507 
19, 123 



6,252 
5,437 
5,205 
5,631 
4,679 
4,781 



60 



Table 25. — Annual trends, offenses known to the police, 318 cities over 25,000 
in -population, January to December, inclusive, 1939-43, by geographic 
-Continued 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 



Geographic divisions 



SOUTH ATLANTIC • 

35 cities, total population, 
3,917,445: 

1939 

1940 - 

1941 

Average— 1939-41 

1942 

1943 

EAST SOUTH CENTEAL 

12 cities, total population, 
1,228,352: 

1939 

1940 

1941 

Average— 1939-41 

1942 

1943 

WEST SOUTH CENTRAL 

20 cities, total population, 
2,414,637: 

1939 

1940 

1941 

Average— 1939-41 

1942 .._ 

1943 _.. 

MOUNTAIN 

11 cities, total population 
835,805: 

1939 

1940 

1941 

Average— 1939-41 

1942 

1943 

PACIFIC 

27 cities, total population 
4,430,816: 

1939 

1940 

1941 

Average— 1939-41 

1942 

1943 

TOTAL— ALL DIVISIONS 

318 cities, total population 
45,062,198: 

1939 

1940 

1941 

Average— 1939-41 

1942 

1943 



Criminal homi- 
cide 



Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



557 
594 
621 
591 
613 
482 



268 
298 
250 
273 
251 
209 



315 
285 
328 
310 
341 
335 



173 
188 
161 
173 
197 
189 



2,643 
2,610 
2, 645 
2,632 
2,673 
2,345 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



172 
188 
218 
192 
187 
182 



101 
89 
102 



97 
88 
127 
104 
104 
100 



382 
395 
349 
375 
366 



1,776 
1,968 
2,202 
1,978 
2,003 
1,796 



Rape 



357 
370 
434 
388 
489 
416 



71 
120 
117 
101 
109 
111 



162 
206 
236 
201 
180 
217 



53 
46 
77 
58 
101 
158 



572 
564 
626 
587 
849 
1,116 



4,110 
4,295 
4, 458 
4,286 
4, 764 
5,224 



Rob- 
bery 



2,780 
2,968 
3,015 
2,922 
3,146 
2,868 



969 
1,127 

940 
1,012 
1,003 

677 



1,375 
1,313 
1,391 
1,359 
1,185 
1,113 



528 
483 
581 
602 



4,158 
4,168 
4,099 
4,142 
3,907 
5,535 



28, 030 
27, 215 
25,641 
26, 965 
24, 370 
23, 894 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



4,853 
4,449 
5,121 
4,808 
6,019 
5,482 



2,219 
3,579 
2,480 
2, 759 
1,872 
1,251 



1,807 
1,919 
2,225 
1,984 
2,065 
2,054 



135 
189 
177 
166 
216 
287 



1,536 
1,506 
1,542 
1,527 
1,789 
2,729 



21,009 
21,920 
22,664 
21,864 
23, 533 
23,421 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 

or 
entering 



16,915 
17, 303 
16, 838 
17,018 
15, 763 
15, 430 



6,546 
6,687 
5,741 
6,325 
6,365 
4,874 



10, 803 
10, 399 
11, 277 
10, 827 
9,545 
9,582 



3,219 
3,504 
3,909 
3,544 
4,335 
4,491 



25, 609 
25, 291 
23,646 
24,848 
19, 678 
22, 844 



142, 160 
146,717 
141,054 
143,313 
124, 428 
128, 656 



Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 



44,560 
49,311 

52, 935 
48.935 

53, 772 
45, 630 



11,568 
12, 941 
12,912 
12, 474 
13. 721 
11, 547 



36, 698 
35,415 
35, 791 
35, 969 
34,448 
29,297 



10, 932 
13,315 
13,511 

12, 586 
13,840 

13, 245 



60,988 
67,904 
72, 099 
66, 996 
61,810 
64, 998 



370, 169 
397,001 
397, 755 
388,309 
377, 105 
337,208 



1 Includes the District of Columbia. 



61 

Monthly Variations, Offenses Known to the Police. 

Wartime conditions continue to show a marked influence on the 
seasonal variations in crime, upsetting to some extent the trends which 
had been considered normal in peacetime. Figures 10 and 11 show 
the percent of monthly deviation from the annual average for the year 
1943 in comparison with similar data for 1942 and the average for 
1939-41. The data included in the illustrations and in table 26, 
which presents the daily averages for 1943, are based on the monthly 
crime reports received from 318 cities with population in excess of 
25,000. 

Murders and aggravated assaults during 1943 were most frequent 
during the third quarter and least frequent during the last quarter of 
the year. Offenses of rape occurred with greatest frequency during 
the second quarter and were least frequent during the winter months. 
The distribution of murders throughout the year was generally similar 
to the pre-war average for 1939-41 except that the upward swing in 
murders during the summer season started in May during 1943, a 
month earlier than usual, and was interrupted by a sharp drop in 
July. In contrast with the pre-war average, murders during both 1942 
and 1943 showed a drop during September, following the peak reached 
in August. 

Offenses of rape and aggravated assault generally followed the 
seasonal pattern established during the years 1939-42 except for a 
sharp rise in these offenses during June. 

Negligent manslaughters, consisting almost entirely of traffic 
fatalities, followed the seasonal pattern of traffic deaths as heretofore, 
occurring with least frequency during the summer months and rising 
sharply during the fall and winter period. During November and 
December 24.0 percent of the 1943 negligent manslaughters occurred. 

Robberies during 1943 were least frequent during the summer 
months and most frequent during the winter. As indicated in figure 
11, the distribution of robbery offenses during the past 5 years creates 
a rather well-defined pattern, high in frequency during the winter and 
low during the summer months. 

Burglaries during 1943 followed the same general seasonal variation 
as reflected for 1939-41 except for an unusual rise in these offenses 
during August. The distribution of burglaries during 1942 stands 
out as unusual among the other years shown in figure 1 1 . 

The distribution of larceny offenses during 1943 was generally 
similar to the pre-war average for 1939-41 except that the fluctuation 
was somewhat more noticeable; that is, the seasonal curve started 
and ended the year lower than usual, indicating that during 1943 a 
larger proportion of larcenies were committed during the summer. 
As in the case of burglaries, the 1942 larceny curve stands out as 
imusual. 



62 



MONTHLY VARIATIONS 
Offenses Known to the Police 



1939-1943 



318 CITIES TOTAL POPULATION 45,062,198 



(Offenses Against the Person) 



Murd 



urder 

JAN F£8. A\All APR MAY JUNE JULY AU6 SEPT. OCT NOV DEC 






HB 




---- 3 YEAR 
AVERAGE (1939-41) 

I9A2 

■^— 1943 



Negligent Manslaughter 

JAN FEB. MAR- APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG SEPT OCT NOV DEC 




= = = = 3 YEAR 
AVERAGE (1939-41) 

'Mil 1 1942 

^^ 1943 



Rape 



JAN. FEB. MAR APR MAY JUNE JULY AUS. SEPT OCT NOV DEC 




= = = = 3 YEAR 

AVERAGE (1939-41) 

1942 

■^^ 1943 




Figure 10. 



63 

On the average during 1939-41, auto thefts showed a tendency to 
decline shortly after the first of the year to a low figure during the 
summer months with a rise in these oft'enses durmg the winter. Both 
1942 and 1943 reflected a seasonal variation quite different from this 
pre-war pattern. During 1942 a larger proportion of auto thefts 
were committed during the first part of the year and a smaller 
proportion toward the end of the year. The 1943 curve reveals ab- 
normally low figures in the first part of the year and unusually high 
figures during the last quarter of the year, indicating a radical change 
in the auto theft situation during the course of the year. 



Table 26. — Monthly variations, offenses known to the police (daily average), January 
to December, inclusive, 1943, 318 cities over 26,000 in population 
(Totallpopulation, 45,062,198, based'on 1940 decennial census] 



Month 



Criminal homicide 



Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 
by neg- 
ligence 



Rape 



Robbery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 
or ■ 9' 
entering 



Larceny — 
theft 



Auto 
theft 



January 

February 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July 

August 

September.- 

October 

November 

December 

January to March 

April to June 

July to September 

October to December- 
January to December 



6.77 
6.18 
6.19 
5.93 
6.77 
7.33 
6.35 
7.94 
5.93 
5.74 
5.43 
6.45 



6.39 
6.68 
6.75 
5.88 
6.42 



5.26 
4.54 
4.23 
4.37 
4.35 
3.83 
3.35 
3.97 
4.73 
6.26 
6.63 
7.48 



4.68 
4.19 
4.01 
6.79 
4.92 



13.58 
13.82 
14.03 
14.00 
15.84 
17.30 
15.55 
15.45 
14.67 
14.23 
11.80 
11.45 



13.81 
15.71 
15.23 
12.50 
14.31 



72.9 
72.3 
65.3 
67.3 
61.3 
53.6 
60.2 
64.6 
63.3 
66.6 
65.2 
73.3 



70.1 
60.7 
62.7 
68.4 
65.5 



61.0 
62.9 
60.0 
59.9 
65.9 
74.4 
70.3 
75.0 
63.8 
61.5 
57.5 
57.6 



61.3 
66.7 
69.8 
58.9 
64.2 



342.1 
356.1 
358.1 
352.4 
349.4 
331.2 
334.1 
397.3 
338.8 
349.5 
360.6 
359.7 



770.3 
850.2 
864.4 
923.8 
938.0 
958.4 
969.1 
982.6 
976.9 
1,012.9 
958.0 
878.5 



352.0 
344.4 
356.9 
356.6 
352.5 



827.6 
940.0 
976.2 
949.7 
923.9 



169.9 
192.3 
215.2 
233.5 
241.1 
213.7 
235.2 
249.4 
270.9 
304.4 
288.4 
304.7 



192.5 
229.6 
251.6 
299.3 
243.6 



64 



MONTHLY VARIATIONS 
Offenses Known to the Police 



1939-1943 



318 CITIES TOTAL POPULATION 45,062,198 



{Offenses Against Property) 



Robbery 



JAN, -FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG SEPT OCT NOV DEC 



-I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 



= -z- 3 YEAR 
AVERAGE (1939-41) 

>""> 1942 

^^ 1943 




Burglary 



JAN. EEa MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT NOV DEC 






==== 3 YEAR 
AVERAGE (1939-41) 

1942 

^^ 1943 



Larceny 



JAN. FEB MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG SEPT OCT. NOV DEC 



^vUNOT Slpvfn^ 3NllVlfM#f "Jill 



= = -= 3 YEAR 
AVERAGE (1939-41) 

1 1942 

■IB— 1943 




Auto Theft 



JAN. FEB. MAR APR MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT NOV DEC 



IMFlllMff 9pfiVI0 SWMWMff* F9U 



1 1 r 



= = = = 3 YEAR 
AVERAGE (1939-41) 

■" 1942 

1^ 1943 

__j I I I 



f 



Figure 11. 



65 

Offenses Known to the Police — Cities Divided According to Location. 

There is considerably more crime in some sections of the country 
tlian in others, and this is normal since the extent of crime is affected 
by so many factors, such as the age, sex, race, and economic status 
of the population, to list a few. Crimes against property (robbery, 
burglary, larceny, and auto theft) are generally higher in frequency 
per unit of population in the Mountam and Pacific geographic divi- 
sions, whUe the rates for offenses against the person (murder and 
felonious assault) are generally higher in the States comprising the 
South Atlantic and East South Central divisions. 

The number of offenses per 100,000 inhabitants reported by the 
cities represented in table 24 are again presented in table 29 with the 
cities grouped not only by size but also by geographic division. State 
crime rates are presented in table 28, and both of these tables as well 
as table 24 are supported by the data shown in table 27 in which is 
indicated the number of cities whose 1943 crime reports were used in 
compiling the crime rate data. 

In examining the crime rates for the several States and geographic 
divisions it should be remembered that the 1940 decennial census 
population figures were used in preparing the data presented and 
there have doubtless been marked changes in the population in many 
communities since 1940. 



57;{S43— 44 -.i 



66 



Table 27. — Number ^of cities in each State included in the tabulation of uniform 
crime reports, January to December, inclusive, 1943 





Population 




Division and State 


Over 
250,000 


100,000 

to 
250,000 


50,000 

to 
100,000 


25,000 

to 
50,000 


10,000 

to 
25,000 


Less 
than 
10,000 


Total 


r.EOOEAPHIC DIVISION 

New England: 176 cities; total population, 
5,691,644 --- 


2 

6 

8 

4 

3 

3 

4 

1 
5 


10 

10 

10 

5 

7 

3 

3 

1 
5 


n 

20 
23 
8 
15 
4 
8 

2 

7 


30 

35 

59 

12 

20 

10 

12 

7 
17 


67 

130 

116 

61 

43 

20 

31 

22 
41 


56 

295 

294 

157 

100 

41 

59 

51 
115 


176 


Middle Atlantic: 496 cities; total population, 
18,925,365 


496 


East North Central: 610 cities; total popula- 
tion, 16,412,376 


510 


West North Central: 247 cities; total popula- 
tion, 5,351,478 


247 


South Atlantic:' 188 cities; total popula- 
tion, 6,610,717 


188 


East South Central: 81 cities; total popula- 
tion, 2,388,100 


81 


West South Central: 117 cities; total popula- 
tion, 3,733,417 - 


117 


Mountain: 84 cities; total population, 
1,406,316 


84 


Pacific: 190 cities; total population, 6,078,793. 
New England: 


190 






1 
1 


2 
2 
1 
13 
6 
6 

10 
14 
11 

14 
9 

14 
9 

13 

1 
6 
2 
1 
1 


5 
6 

1 

43 

5 

7 

43 
32 
55 

32 
14 
31 
24 
15 

11 
8 

13 
3 
5 
6 

15 


5 
7 
29 
2 
6 

91 
69 
135 

86 
37 
86 
53 
32 

53 
33 
18 
6 
6 
13 
28 


15 


New Hampshire 






14 


Vermont . 






9 




1 
1 


7 

3" 

3 
4 
3 

4 
3 
1 
2 

1 
1 


6 

1 
2 

6 
5 
9 

4 
4 
7 
6 
2 

4' 
2 


99 


Rhode Island - 


15 




24 


Middle Atlantic: 

New York - - . 


3 

1 
2 

4 
1 

1 
1 

1 

2 


156 


New Jersey 


125 




215 


East North Central: 

Ohio 


144 




68 


Illinois 


140 


Michigan 


95 




63 


West North Central: 


68 




52 




2 


37 


North Dakota 


10 










12 






1 
2 


1 
1 


21 


Kansas - 




47 


South Atlantic: 


1 


1 




1 








3 

7 
20 

9 
20 

9 
13 
19 

13 
12 
11 
5 

S 
<1 
16 
26 

6 
10 

3 
11 

7 
S 
2 

15 
15 
85 


4 




1 




2 

5 
2 
4 
2 

1 
4 

5 
1 
3 

1 

1 
3 

6 

2 
1 


3 
6 
6 
13 
4 
4 
7 

5 
5 
2 

8 

4 
3 

1! 
13 

4 
5 
3 
5 
2 

2 

1 

7. 

4 

30 


13 




2 


3 
3 
4 
1 
3 
1 

1 

2" 
1 

1 
1 

6 


36 






20 


North Carolina _. -. 




1 


42 


South Carolina 




16 


Georgia - 


1 


"3" 

3" 


OT 




34 


East South Central; 


1 
1 
1 


25 


Tennessee -- 


•lO 




IJ 




15 


West South Central: 






14 


Louisiana -. 


1 


2" 

1 


17 




31 


Texas - 


3 


5r. 


Mountain: 


12 










16 










6 




1 




1 


1 
1 
1 
1 


19 




10 








1 


9 


Utah -... 




1 


9 






;% 


Pacific: 

Washington . 


1 
1 
3 


2 




3 

1 
13 


28 




21 


California - - 


3 


7 


141 



1 Includes District of Columbia. 



67 




68 

Table 28. — Number of offenses known to the police per 100,000 inhabitants, Janu- 
ary to December, inclusive, 1943, by States 

[Based on 1940 decennial census] 



Division and State 



GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION 



New England— 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central-. 
West North Central. 

South Atlantic 2 

East South Central-. 
West South Central. 

Mountain 

Pacific 



New England: 

Maine 

New Hampshire. 

Vermont 

Massachusetts... 

Rhode Island 

Connecticut 

Middle Atlantic: 

New York 

New Jersey 

Penns.vlvania 

East North Central: 

Ohio 

Indiana-. 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin.- 

West North Central: 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

Missouri 

North Dakota. . . 
South Dakota... 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

South Atlantic: 

Delaware 

Maryland 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina.. 
South Carolina. . 

Georgia.- 

Florida 

East South Central: 

Kentucky. 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

West South Central: 

Arkansas 

Louisiana- 

Oklahoma 

Texas.. - 

Mountain: 

Montana-- 

Idaho-- 

Wyoming .- 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona... 

Utah 

Nevada 

Pacific: 

Washington 

Oregon 

California 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



0.91 
2.47 
3.80 
3.14 
12.51 
14.87 
12.29 
4.55 
3.93 



2.61 
1.62 



.64 
.97 
1.28 

2.30 
2.17 
2.95 

4.79 
3.53 
3.85 
3.76 
1.10 

1.41 
1.11 
5.79 



1.53 
2.84 
3.68 

2.39 
10.52 
15.56 

2.39 
12.82 
12.70 
16.22 
15.83 

10.37 
15.24 
19.44 
14.66 

11.86 
11.33 
6.64 
14.46 

.60 



8.77 
4.46 
4.19 
8.56 
5.71 
13.00 

3.12 
3.58 
4.11 



Robbery 



15.8 
18.8 
62.1 
21.7 
64.7 
61.3 
41.1 
56.0 
106.3 



16.8 
.5.7 
9.4 

16.3 
6.7 

22.3 

11.7 
24.1 
30.2 

58.4 
43.4 
80.8 
71.2 
7.7 

13.0 
10.5 
36.0 
7.4 
12.2 
12.5 
28.9 

121.8 
62.5 
94.3 
69.1 
42.9 
30.9 
69.7 
54.0 

84.7 
59.8 
42.2 
49.8 

47.4 
31.7 
47.7 
41.9 

51.1 
23.2 
14.0 
67.5 
38.8 
98.4 
44.5 
55.2 

51.6 
93.9 
117.5 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



10.9 
28.6 
41.0 
23.1 
159.3 
105.1 
93.2 
31.4 
53.4 



6.3 

8.1 



10.0 
11.0 
16.6 

27.9 
44.3 
22.8 

30.3 
49.7 
37.5 
73.1 
5.6 

6.6 
4.3 
50.4 
3.3 
5.3 
26.9 
16.6 

17.5 
124.4 
178.6 
101.6 
435.7 
110.9 

91.2 
118.8 

110.3 
87.5 
96.4 

169.4 

89.4 
102.2 

54.5 
102.2 

18.0 
9.0 
10.5 
27.0 
66.1 
76.3 
31.4 
6.5 

24.7 
40.8 
59.9 



Burglary — 

breaking 

or entering 



235.5 
1 190. 1 
284.0 
212.1 
374.8 
396.2 
350.9 
428.3 
493.9 



277.9 
110.0 

in.i 

219.7 
219.3 
329.2 

3 138. 9 

259. 8 

* 187. 7 

303.3 
303. 
239.3 
347.0 
163.9 

170.6 
169.9 
234.9 
157.8 
261.7 
189.4 
309.2 

409.9 
247.7 
520.2 
292.5 
375.1 
317.6 
367.5 
511.1 

479.4 
3.'i6. 5 
386.3 
332.6 

241.8 
132.8 
404.6 
428.0 

219.3 
282.3 
152.6 
488.7 
373.3 
535.7 
511.4 
666.1 

482.4 
628.9 
482.4 



Larceny- 
theft 



507.7 
1 404. 5 

773.6 

656.9 
1,094.5 

891.4 
1, 066. 6 
1, 373. 1 
1, 559. 4 



697.3 
370.4 
625.9 
429.8 
459.5 
776.2 

3 465. 4 

436.4 

< 326. 2 

826.5 
1,049.0 

466.8 
1,041.3 

827.3 

560.4 
679.3 
635.8 
624.7 
851.6 
713.1 
802.9 

1, 330. 8 
659.3 
1, 477. 7 
590.0 
1,038.2 
1, 340. 6 
1,314.0 
1, 284. 7 

974.1 
810.8 
879.6 
966.9 

902.2 

530.5 

1,219.4 

1,238.7 

1,012.9 
92t). 2 
1,026.1 
1,261.4 
1.101.0 
2, 228. 3 
1, 725. 1 
1, 998. 4 

1, 437. 2 
1.811.0 
1,556.5 



Auto theft 



1 The rates for burglary and larceny are based on the reports of 494 cities with a total population of 9,539,036. 

' Includes report of District of Columbia. 

' The rales for burglary and larceny are based on reports of 155 cities. 

* The rates for burglary and larceny are based on reports of SU4 cities. 



69 




70 



Table 29. — Number of offenses known to the police -per 100,000 inhabitants, January 
to December, inclusive, 194S, by geographic divisions and population groups 

[Based on 1940 decennial census] 



Geographic division and 
population group 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 


Robbery 


Aggravated 
assault 


Burglary- 
breaking or 
entering 


Larceny- 
theft 


0.88 


25.3 


17.6 


138.6 


302.9 


.81 


26.4 


18.0 


386.4 


697.9 


1.08 


17.1 


9.3 


257.8 


580.3 


.65 


4.7 


5.3 


195.5 


517.0 


1.16 


5.0 


4.2 


184.3 


445.1 


1.12 


10.0 


4.5 


158.3 


357.0 


3.25 


22.4 


33.6 


1 227. 4 


1 361. 3 


2.00 


22.3 


31.0 


231.2 


496.2 


1.94 


14.6 


25.1 


230.9 


499.0 


1.07 


9.9 


28.3 


199.8 


504.5 


.77 


10.6 


13.9 


149.9 


369.6 


1.03 


11.4 


13.5 


117.6 


267.2 


5.19 


97.1 


59.1 


313. 


707.4 


4.65 


66.6 


56.5 


390.2 


1, 123. 6 


2.83 


35.5 


32.2 


295.2 


950.3 


2.35 


22.1 


16.1 


242.6 


902.1 


1.26 


16.3 


9.5 


210.9 


765.2 


1.71 


13.4 


13.2 


164.4 


439.1 


4.86 


33.2 


44.1 


226.8 


631.4 


4.44 


27.5 


25. 5 


238.5 


742.8 


2.55 


16.0 


7.8 


263.4 


1,037.1 


.76 


7.3 


3.8 


193.4 


718.5 


1.46 


11.9 


6.5 


196.9 


676.4 


1.12 


9.9 


7.1 


142.9 


330.7 


12.83 


73.4 


103.9 


302.9 


882.9 


16.63 


96.2 


145.9 


605.3 


1, 521. 9 


10.37 


58.9 


209.8 


373.2 


1, 277. 2 


14.61 


59.3 


309.5 


421.5 


1, 332. 1 


8.93 


27.1 


146.0 


273.9 


892.1 


8.87 


35.1 


101.2 


238.3 


576.1 


15.92 


82.9 


108.6 


469.8 


959.0 


15.72 


60.4 


97.8 


435.0 


966.2 


17.80 


35.6 


81.5 


406.9 


946.5 


12.33 


57.0 


115.0 


349.7 


953.2 


11.86 


51.2 


145.3 


322.2 


926.2 


12.94 


25.9 


62.7 


164.7 


216.5 


15.76 


54.6 


118.3 


392.3 


1, 078. 


12.40 


46.5 


88.3 


486.8 


1, 530. 4 


10.92 


33.1 


84.4 


310.4 


1, 031. 1 


7.93 


33.0 


108.8 


315.2 


1, 252. 9 


5.62 


16.0 


39.3 


233. 3 


781.7 


13.90 


32.5 


02.4 


234.0 


514.1 


5.89 


91.5 


20.2 


656.3 


1,311.4 


3.33 


36.0 


40.7 


556.2 


1,366.6 


5.95 


112.3 


88.5 


545.2 


1,766.6 


5.29 


53.3 


23.2 


362.0 


1, 989. 2 


2.55 


30.9 


18.5 


289.9 


1,385.4 


4.68 


30.8 


37.8 


246.2 


667.9 


5.07 


152.0 


71.2 


652.3 


1.420.8 


3.12 


76.0 


46.4 


481.6 


1, 476. 4 


2.46 


65.6 


31.6 


440.8 


1, 805. 7 


1.81 


43.5 


25.6 


429.6 


1,696.8 


2.88 


63.3 


36.2 


455.1 


2, 175. 3 


3.18 


37.8 


30.8 


352.1 


1. 449. 1 



Auto theft 



NEW ENGLAND 



Group I-_. 
Group II.. 
Group III. 
Group IV. 
Group V... 
Group VI. 



MIDDLE ATLANTIC 



Group I... 
Group II.. 
Group III. 
Group IV.. 
Group V... 
Group VI.. 



EAST NORTH CENTRAL 



Group I... 
Group II.. 
Group III. 
Group IV. 
Group V... 
Group VI. 



WEST NORTH CENTRAL 



Group I_.. 
Group II. . 
Group III. 
Group IV. 
Group V... 
Group VI. 



SOUTH ATLANTIC ^ 



Group I... 
Group II- . 
Group III. 
Group IV. 
Group V... 
Group VI. 



EAST SOUTH CENTRAL 



Group I_.. 
Group II. . 
Group Ill- 
Group IV. 
Group V... 
Group VI. 



WEST SOUTH CENTRAL 



Group I--. 
Group II. . 
Group III- 
Group IV- 
Oroup V--. 
Group VI. 



Group I. . . 
Group II-- 
Oroup III. 
Group IV. 
Group V--. 
Group VI. 



Group I... 
Group II.. 
Group III. 
Group IV. 
Group V... 
Group VI. 



• The number of offenses and rates for burglary and larceny— theft are based on reports of 4 cities. 
' Includes the District of Columbia. 



71 

Offenses in Individual Cities With More Than 25,000 Inhabitants. 

The number of offenses reported as having been committed during 
the period of January-December 1943 is shown in table 30. The 
compilation includes the reports received from police departments in 
cities with more than 25,000 inhabitants. Police administrators and 
other interested individuals will probably find it desu*able to compare 
the crime rates of their cities with the average rates shown in tables 24 
and 29 of this publication. Similarly, they wUl doubtless desire to 
make comparisons with the figures for their communities for prior 
periods, in order to determine whether there has been an increase or a 
decrease in the amount of crime committed. 

Caution should be exercised in comparing crime data for individual 
cities, because differences m the figures may be due to a variety of 
factors. The amount of crime committed in a community is not 
solely chargeable to the police but is rather a charge against the entire 
community. The following is a list of some of the factors which 
might affect the amount of crime in a community: 

Population of the city and metropolitan area adjacent thereto. 
The composition of the population with reference particularly to 

age, sex, and race. 
The economic status and activities of the population. 
Climate. 

Educational, recreational, and religious facilities. 
The number of police employees per unit of population. 
The standards governing appomtments to the police force. 
The policies of the prosecuting officials and the courts. 
The attitude of the public toward law-enforcement problems. 
The degree of efficiency of the local law-enforcement agency. 

It should be remembered that the war has brought about marked 
changes in some of the foregoing factors in many communities. 

In comparing crime rates, it is generally more important to deter- 
mme whether the figures for a given community show increases or 
decreases in the amount of crime committed than to ascertain whether 
the figures are above or below those of some other community. 



72 



Table 30. — Number of offenses known to the police, January to December, inclu- 
sive, IOj^S, cities over 25,000 in population {based on 1940 decennial census) 



City 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



Robbery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 




Abilene, Tex. 

Akron, Ohio 

Alameda, Calif 

Albany, N. Y 

Albuquerque, N. Mex. 



Alexandria, La... 
Alexandria, Va... 
Alhambra, Calif. 

Aliquippa, Pa 

AUentown, Pa... 



Alton, ni. 

Altoona, Pa 

Amarillo, Tex 

Amsterdam, N. Y. 
Anderson, Ind 



Aim Arbor, Mich. 

Aimiston, Ala 

Appleton, Wis 

Arlington, Mass... 
Arlington, Va 



Asheville, N. C 

Ashland, Ky 

Atlanta, Ga.. 

Atlantic City, N. J. 
Auburn, N. Y 



Augusta, Ga 

Aurora, 111 

Austin, Tex 

Bakersfield, Calif- 
Baltimore, Md 



Bangor, Maine 

Baton Rouge, La 

Battle Creek, Mich. 

Bay City, Mich 

Bayoime, N. J 



Beaumont, Tex 

Belleville, 111 

BeUeville, N. J 

Bellingham, AVash. 
Belmont, Mass 



Beloit, Wis 

Belvedere Twp., Calif. 

Berkeley, Calif 

Berwyn, 111 

Bethlehem, Pa 



Beverly, Mass 

Beverly Hills, Calif. 
Binghamton, N. Y.. 

Birmingham, Ala 

Bloomfleld, N.J 



Bloomington, 111.. 

Boise, Idaho 

Boston, Mass 

Bridgeport. Conn. 
Bristol, Coim 



Brockton, Mass... 
Brookline, Mass.. 

BulTalo, N. Y 

Burbank, Calif.... 
Burlington, Iowa. 



Burlington, Vt 

Butte, Mont 

Cambridge, Mass. 

Camden, N. J 

Canton, Ohio 



207 
5 
11 
6 

23 
22 
13 
12 



10 

30 

322 

11 



39 
10 
16 

7 
604 

3 
11 
10 

4 



13 

2 

148 

2 

4 

2 

242 

18 



No reports received 
104 " 

7 
27 
4 



174 
181 



244 
12 

252 
61 



No reports received 



1,089 


4.53 


1,688 


72 


11 


321 


177 


57 


320 


115 


29 


527 


96 


45 


392 


144 


59 


524 


169 


2S 


390 


70 


24 


100 


152 


67 


385 


62 


12 


121 


245 


18 


351 


209 


118 


442 


17 


11 


55 


192 


54 


222 


76 


56 


546 


72 


44 


108 


33 


26 


396 


64 


10 


146 


145 


76 


566 


213 


103 


401 


68 


25 


172 


1,469 


636 


3,066 


262 


345 


563 


4 


20 


204 


238 


66 


703 


38 


27 


154 


371 


45 


1, 033 


160 


101 


753 


2,225 


1,115 


4,364 


47 


28 


230 


146 


65 


203 


177 


40 


577 


157 


21 


559 



260 


62 


30 


16 


46 


7 


35 


18 


33 


14 


57 


28 


185 


9 


351 


74 


47 


18 



Only 6 months received 



1 

2 

239 

1 



158 
19 



1 

182 
3 



6:» 
122 

81 
133 

98 

391 

94 

892 

102 



23 


10 


91 


63 


29 


184 


126 


79 


681 


1,222 


503 


1,942 


104 


21 


94 


61 


26 


142 


143 


35 


343 


728 


631 


1,474 


484 


357 


1,197 


30 


20 


129 


169 


48 


247 


163 


45 


224 


415 


25;{ 


1,.328 


144 


59 


550 


56 


5 


213 


38 


25 


284 


79 


19 


196 


364 


44 


485 


383 


142 


441 


353 


173 


767 



73 

Table 30. — Number of offenses known to the police, January to December, inclu- 
sive, 1943. cities over 25,000 in population (based on 1940 decennial census) — 
Continued 



City 



Cedar Rapids, Iowa 
Central Falls, R. I. 
Charleston, S. C... 
Charleston, W. Va_ 
Charlotte, N. C. .. 



Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Chelsea, Mass 

Chester, Pa 

Chicago, ni_ -. 

Chicopee, Mass 



Cicero, 111 

Cincinnati, Ohio 

Clarksburg, W. Va 

Cleveland, Ohio- ..- 

Cleveland Heights, Ohio. 



Clifton, N. J 

Clinton, Iowa 

Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Columbia, S. C 

Columbus, Ga 



Columbus, Ohio 

Concord, N. H 

Corpus Christi, Tex.. 
Council Bluffs, Iowa- 
Covington, Ky 



Cranston, R. I 

Cumberland, Md. 

nallas, Tex _. 

Danville, 111 

Danville, Va 



Davenport, Iowa 
Dayton, Ohio 
Dearborn, Mich 

Decatur, 111 

Denver, Colo 



Des Moines, Iowa- 
Detroit, Mich 
Dubuque, Iowa __ 
Duluth, Minn , 
Durham, K. C 



East Chicago, Ind 

East Cleveland, Ohio. 

Easton, Pa 

East Orange, N. J 

East Providence, R. I. 



East St. Louis, 111. 
Eau Claire, Wis _- 

Elgin, 111 

Elizabeth, N. J._. 
Elkhart, Ind 



Flmira, N. Y_ 
El Paso, ^'ex_ 
Elyria, Ohio.. 
Enid, Okla.-.. 
Ere, Pa 



Evanston, 111 

Evansville, Ind. . 

Everett, Mass 

Everett, Wash. . 
Fall River, Mass 



Fargo, N. Dak 

Fitchburg, Mass... 

Flint, Mich 

Fond du Lac, Wis. 
Fort Smith, Ark... 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



Robbery 



26 
1 

169 



56 



5 
1 

209 
46 

86 

3 

29 

3.892 



34 

378 

1 

761 

15 



4 
41 
37 

249 
1 
14 



2 

3 

143 

17 

24 

5 
159 
29 

7 
295 

28 

1, 957 

1 

15 

20 

21 
9 
1 

29 
2 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Bur- 
glary — 
break- 
ing or 
entering 



Larceny — theft 



$50 and 
over 



Only 11 months received 

258 372 223 

301 506 245 



81 

23 

39 

1,594 

2 

53 

263 

1 

223 



25 
2 
14 

7 

5 

407 



118 
29 
20 
65 

24 

2,036 

1 

2 

337 



124 
3 

5 

18 



623 

121 

191 

9,192 

52 

119 

2,039 

96 

1,736 

154 

116 
46 
61 
249 
224 

1,735 
36 
231 
60 
212 

81 
74 
1,763 
93 
112 

143 
741 
269 
241 
2,116 

324 

6, 504 

56 

179 

201 

236 
146 

79 
183 

31 

161 
41 
47 

246 
73 

53 
274 
39 

75 
220 



153 
30 
38 
4, 365 
23 

46 

665 

8 

481 

17 

33 

17 

89 

229 

190 

671 
12 

120 
14 
22 

25 
51 
294 
16 
55 

20 
188 
166 

20 
553 

100 
1,833 

14 
120 

38 

69 
10 
17 
14 
6 



26 

16 

106 

46 

23 
116 
20 



76 

211 

Only 3 months received 

10 
113 



316 

18 
55 



2 

2 


144 
442 


2 

2 

134 


49 
85 
673 

27 


13 


95 



1 Auto 

Under theft 
$50 



575 
100 

477 ! 
1.272 i 

1,153 
141 
157 

9,727 
119 

150 
3,427 

119 
6,561 

198 

95 

226 

755 

1,088 

866 

2,114 

73 

641 

261 

250 

189 
166 
4,794 
223 
368 

720 

2,804 

673 

504 

3,675 

1,117 

14, 662 

274 

924 

214 

396 
212 
129 
118 
118 



193 
447 
394 

406 
675 
156 
198 

572 

492 
1,733 

509 
441 

202 
160 
2,007 
156 
460 



573845—44- 



74 



Table 30. — Number of offenses known to the police, January to December, inclu- 
sive, 1943, cities over 25,000 in population {based on 1940 decennial census) — 
Continued 



City 



Fort 'Wavnc, Ind 
Fort Worth, 'Pex 

Fresno, Calif 

Gadsden, Ala 

Qalesburi;, 111 



Galveston, Tex 

Garfield, N.J 

Garv, Ind _ 

Glendale, Calif 

Grand Rapids, Mich 



Great Falls, Mont 

Green Bay, Wis 

Greensboro, N. C 

Greenville, S. C 

Greenwich Town, Conn- 



Hackensack, N. J_ . _ 

Hagerstown. Md . 

Hamilton, Ohio 

Hamilton Township, N. J. 
Hammond, Ind 



Hamtramck, Mich... 

Harrisbur?, Pa._ 

Hartford, Conn 

Haverford Twp., Pa. 
Haverhill, Mass 



Hazelton, Pa 

Highland Park, Micli. 

Hiffh Point, N. C 

Hohoken, N.J 

Holyoke, Mass _. 



Honolulu, T. H 

Houston, Tex 

Huntington, W. Va 

Huntington Park, Calif. 
Hutchinson, Kans 



Indianapolis, Ind. 
Inglewood, Calif . 
Irvington, N. J... 

J-ickson, Mich 

Jackson, Miss 



Jacksonville, Fla 

Jamestown, N. Y__. 

Jersey City, N. J 

Johnson City, Tenn. 
Johnstown, Pa 



Joliet, 111 

Joplin, Mo . 
Kalamazoo, Mich . 
Kansas City, Kans 
Kansas City, Mo . 



Kearny, N. J 

Kenosha, Wis . . 
Kingston, N. Y. . 
Knnxville, Tonn 
Kokomo, Ind. . .. 



La Cross,', Wis 
La Faytte, Ind 
T^akewond, Ohio 
Lnnca.sler, Pa ... 
Lansing, Mich... 



Larcvio, Tex 

I-avvren(e, Mass.. 

liehiinon. Pa 

Lewiston, ATainc. 
Lixin-^ton, Ky... 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



Robbery 



3 

19fi 

18 

18 

7 
2 
21 
12 



Bur- 

Aggra- glary— 
vated break- 
assault i ing or 



32 

123 

3 



14 

292 

22 

20 

2 

207 
4 
2 
21 
12 



15 

14 

91 

215 



25 
164 
42 
95 
2 



entering 



330 

762 

385 

75 

58 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and Under 
over $50 



Auto 
theft 



No reports received 



6 
203 



361 

87 

3 

21 
13 
22 
10 
12 

6 
54 
105 



88 
695 
243 
520 



64 
333 
198 

30 



43 
102 
319 

140 

255 

1,342 

38 



15i 
172 
163 
51 

7 



18 
201 

83 
106 

51 
17 
125 
101 



22 
47 
23 
30 
92 

97 

141 

394 

10 

19 



Only 11 months received 

18 I 390 I 7S 

141 I 120 I 22 

Only 11 months received 
Only 5 months received 



47 
168 



192 
1 
3 

36 
92 



9t3 
2,600 
263 
209 
81 

1,690 
143 
246 
153 
242 



373 
616 
lU 

77 
17 

627 
58 
32 
95 
94 



170 227 1,155 732 

4 4 35 18 

Complete data not received 
16 9 I 53 18 

7 I 61 27 



1 I 86 

No reports received 



3 

34 
101 

2 
1 

5 

161 

7 

9 
3 

3 
7 
13 

21 

6 

3 

1 

116 



183 
418 
676 

104 
63 
42 
307 
123 



no 

169 
126 
195 



207 
29 
61 

320 



31 

49 
96 
.387 

24 
12 
23 
251 
26 

32 
32 
16 
27 
81 

16 
34 
11 
19 
128 



1,372 

2,424 

1,231 

254 

113 



96 

953 

966 

2,242 

640 
182 
615 
499 
38 

155 
3.'^3 
268 
225 
764 

291 
747 
1,849 
43 
125 



439 
262 



1,467 

5,455 

552 

458 
367 

3. 6.50 
42.5 
227 
627 
744 

2,199 
102 

126 
159 



855 

604 

2,162 

79 
3.59 
116 

SS7 
238 

965 
412 
271 
316 
957 

402 
219 

142 
200 
682 



Soo footnotes at end of table. 



75 

Table 30. — Number of offenses known to the police, January to December, indu^ 

sive, 1943, cities over 25,000 in population (based on 1940 decennial censi(s) — - 
Continued 



City 



LiiTiii, Obio 

Liijpnln. Nebr 

Little Rock, Ark_. 
Long Beach, Calif. 
Lorain, Ohio 



Los Angeles, Calif 

Louisville, Ky 

Lowell, Mass 

Lower Merion Twp., Pa. 
Lubbock, Tex 



Lynchburg, Va. 

Lynn, Mass 

Macon, Ga 

Madison, Wis.-. 
Maiden, Mass.. 



Manchester, N. H. 

Mansfield, Ohio 

Marion, Ind 

Marion, Ohio 

Mason City, lowa. 



Massillon, Ohio.. 

May wood, III 

Mckeesport, Pa. 
Medford, Mass... 
Melrose, Mass... 



Memphis, Tenn 

Meriden, Conn 

Meridian, Miss 

Miami, Fla 

Miami Beach, Fla. 



Michigan City, Ind. 
Middlotown, Conn.. 
Middletown, Ohio.. 

Milwaukee, Wis 

Minneapolis, Minn. 



Mishawaka, Ind. 

Mobile, Ala 

Moline, 111 

Monroe, La 

Montclair, N. J.. 



Montgomery, Ala 

Mount Vernon, NY. 
Muncie, Ind 

Muskegon, Mich 

Muskogee, Okla 

Nashua, N. H 

Nashville, Tenn 

New Albany, Ind 

Newark, N. J 

Newark, Ohio 



New Bedford, Mass... 
New Britain, Conn... 
New Brunswick, N. J. 

Newburgh, N. Y 

New Castle, Pa 

New Haven, Conn 

New London, Conn... 

New Orleans, La 

Newport, Ky. 

Newport, R. I 

Newport News, Va 

New Rochelle, N. Y_ . 

Newton, Mass 

New York, N. Y.2 

Niagara Falls, N. Y.__ 



Murder, 
normegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



47 



Robbery 



201 
4 



Ifi 

1 

44 

151 

13 

2,439 

377 

9 

4 

1 

6 
25 
40 
13 
23 



23 
6 

15 
2 
2 

204 
3 
15 

116 
4 



13 
3 
10 
16 
52 

1 

122 

10 

254 

2 

23 
11 



3 

25 

9 

177 

49 

2 

113 

1 

2 

1,043 

25 



! Bur- 
Aggra- ; glary— 
vated i break- 
assault ing or 
entering 



15 
6 
33 
62 
19 

877 

440 

7 

6 

37 

64 

14 

161 

3 



336 
4 



174 
111 
249 
950 
93 

7,716 

2,000 

256 



130 
311 
327 
246 
172 

78 
125 
69 
66 

25 



34 

104 
74 
148 

910 

109 

133 

1,016 

148 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



(') 
(') 
35 

5,687 

1,514 

61 

46 

40 

38 
126 
176 
103 

37 

11 
36 
25 
37 



(') 



17 
11 
22 
14 

4 

409 
20 
17 

334 
90 



Only 2 months received 
33 
11 

903 
823 



15 
58 
366 

571 

18 
167 
26 
32 
31 

35 
16 
26 

57 
65 


253 
23 
559 

7 

19 567 123 

2 141 17 
Only 4 months received 

3 146 28 
6 86 23 



156 

1 

393 

7 



42 
362 
59 
68 



327 
52 
130 
264 
206 

29 

841 

. 70 

1,501 

64 



21 

4 

426 

46 

2 

175 

14 

1 

2,440 

44 



425 

56 

397 

141 

53 

345 

75 

148 

6,061 

224 



143 
41 

476 
36 
35 

276 
27 



Under 
$50 



464 
078 
823 
2,063 
381 

16. 075 

2,306 

290 

258 

622 

262 
774 
1,021 
378 
281 

201 
237 
253 
377 
100 

215 
123 
136 
164 
114 

1,761 
210 
176 
957 
203 



109 

404 

3,712 

1,989 

200 
917 
230 
258 
187 

430 
108 
357 
392 
414 

125 

1,237 

122 

1,788 
3,59 

923 

381 

166 
163 

971 
178 
1. 505 
281 
264 

824 
146 
405 
10, 321 
284 



See footnotes at end of table. 



76 



Table 30. — Number of offenses known to the police, January to December, inclu- 
sive, 194s, cities over 25,000 in 'population {based on 1940 decennial census) — 
Continued 





Mmder. 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 
—break- 
ing or 
entering 


Larceny— theft 


Auto 
theft 


City 


$50 and 
over 


Under 
$50 




41 


247 
9 
4 

4 

579 
35 
42 
59 
47 


8 


227 

15 

1 


1,487 575 
67 , 17 
108 20 


1,910 
67 
106 

162 

4, .571 

.318 

960 

3,090 

1,140 

110 
447 
541 
161 
377 

224 
170 
1,141 
298 
262 

462 
370 
607 
1.55 
263 

1,726 

1, 526 

1,170 

1.83 

241 

361 
644 
217 
753 
4,689 

378 

1.056 

443 

7.57 

•^ 362 

474 

5.52 
225 
506 

142 

3, 055 

449 

449 

196 
1.576 
595 
302 
4.53 

179 

215 

178 

2,256 

1.083 

644 

5.629 

1.8.50 

798 

179 


915 




50 




1 


32 


Norwalk, Conn 


Only 6 months received 








28 

1,969 
147 
238 
892 
491 

123 
145 
63 
47 
131 

89 
81 
336 
202 
379 

198 
197 

2.17 
67 
165 

3,154 
446 

1, 985 
125 
90 

176 

51 

114 

428 

2, 493 

139 
280 
62 
692 
195 

62 


24 

451 
33 
113 
246 
146 

12 
69 
19 
6 
44 

12 
13 

145 
.56 
69 

72 

68 
71 
93 
61 

879 

167 

403 

32 

30 

69 

17 

32 

173 

1,260 

51 
179 

44 
247 

22 

11 


12 


Oakland, Calif 


19 


337 

4 

7 

182 

100 

43 
11 


1,774 


Oak Park. Ill 


36 


Ogdcn, Utah 


9 
12 
10 


216 


Oklahoma City, Okla 


517 


Omaha, Nehr 


491 




24 


Orlando, Fla 


12 


84 


Oshkosh, Wis 


22 


Ottumwa, Iowa . 


1 
1 

3 


1 
8 

14 
2 
21 
12 
26 

13 
21 
24 
4 
17 

691 
101 
491 


4 
6 

44 
3 
21 
38 
113 

29 
40 
13 
79 
63 

637 
59 

141 
3 
13 

16 
25 
8 
12 
173 

13 
207 
16 
22 
45 

4 

No re 

5 

67 
12 

No re 

4 

265 

14 

28 

3 
34 
6 


62 


Owpnsboro. Ky 

I'aducah. Kv 


74 

58 




50 




1 


193 




77 


Paterson, N. J .- _- 


4 


328 


Pawtueket, R. I 


101 


Pciisacola, Fla . - -- 


10 
3 


79 


IVoria, 111 


208 




89 




4 

90 
5 

34 
2 

1 

2 
6 
2 
3 
13 

1 

10 
2 
3 
2 

1 


40 




2,219 




313 


Pittsburgh, Pa 

I'ittsfleld Mass 


1,286 
2.5 


Plainfield, N.J 

Pontiac, Mich . ._ 


2 

24 


n 

31 

411 

13 

84 


38 
246 


Port Arthur, Tex 


131 


Port Huron, Mich -. 


45 


Portland, Maine. -.- 


272 


Portland, Oreg - - .- 


1,.504 


Portsmouth, Ohio ,.. 

Portsmouth, Va 


54 
214 


Poughkeepsie N Y 


25 


Providence. R. I.- - 


17 
31 

6 

6 

5 

25 

4 
164 

4 

2 
22 

7 
14 


536 


Pueblo, Colo . .... 


131 


Quincv, III -. .- 


25 


Quincy, Mass 


lorts received 






102 
227 
208 

lorts recei\ 

65 

881 

99 

141 

48 

6.52 

64 

no 

75 

73 

28 

79 

712 

233 

211 

2,229 

718 

325 

52 


42 
13 
64 

ed 

40 

563 

62 

49 

12 
158 
65 
20 
20 

4 

12 

6 

325 

"1 

62 
(') 
174 
76 

18 


79 


Raleigh, N. C 


4 


122 




122 


Revere, Mass. 

Kiehniond, Ind. 


1 
30 

1 
7 


46 




579 


Riverside, Calif 


128 


Roanoke, Va. 


Oi 




19 


Rochester, N. Y 


3 


448 


Rock ford. Ill ... 


72 


Rock Island, 111 


1 
1 

4 


.58 


Rocky Mount, N. C 


67 

18 

1 


3:5 


Rome, Oa 


3 
1 
5 
184 
9 

15 

319 

65 

13 


29 


Rome, N. Y .. 


54 


Roval Oak Mich 


1 

5 

1 

6 

56 

1 

3 


57 


Sacramento . Calif 


97 
24 

12 

692 

45 

4 


501 


Saginaw, Mich. 


131 


St. Joseph, Mo 


83 


St. Louis, Mo 


1, 122 


St. Paul, Minn 


212 


St. Petersburg, Fla 


21 


Salem. Mass- 


65 



See footnotes at ond of table. 



77 

Table 30. — Number of offenses known to the police, January to December, inclu- 
sive, 1943, cities over 26,000 in population {based on 1940 decennial census) — 
Continued 



City 



Salem, Oreg- -_.. 

Salt Lake City, Utah. 

San Angelo, Tex 

San Antonio, Tex._.-- 
San Bernardino, Cnlif. 



San Diego, Calif 

San Francisco, Calif— 

San Jose, Calif 

Santa Ana, Calif 

Santa Barbara, Calif- 



Santa Monica, Calif. 

Savannah, Ga __. 

Schenectady, N. Y... 

Scranton, Pa 

Seattle, Wash 



Sharon, Pa 

Sheboygan, Wis 

Shreveport, La 

Sioux City, Iowa 

Sioux Falls, S. Dak. 



Somerville, Mass.. 
South Bend, Ind.. 
South Gate, Calif. 
Spartanburg, S. C. 
Spokane, Wash... 



Springfield, 111 

Springfield, Mass. 
Springfield, Mo... 
Springfield, Ohio.. 
Stamford, Conn... 



Steubenville, Ohio. 

Stoekton, Calif 

Superior, Wis 

Syracuse, N. Y 

Tacoma, Wash 



Tampa, Fla 

Taunton, Mass.... 

Teaneck, N. J 

Terre Haute, Ind. 
Toledo, Ohio 



Topeka, Kans 

Torrington, Conn- 
Trenton, N. J 

Troy, N. Y 

Tucson, Ariz 



Tulsa, Okla.--- 

Tuscaloosa, Ala 

Tyler, Tex 

Union City, N. J 

University City, Mo. 



Upper Darby, Pa. 

Utica, N. Y 

Waco, Tex 

Waltham, Mass... 
Warren, Ohio 



Warwick, R. I 

WashLDgton, D. C. 

Washington, Pa 

Waterbury, Conn.. 
Waterloo, Iowa 



Watertown, Mass. 
Watertown, N. Y. 

Waukegan, 111 

Wausau, Wis 

Wauwatosa, Wis.. 



Murder, 
normegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



Robbery 



76 



6 

54 

4 

16S 

36 



1,067 
10 
13 
5 



43 

1 

15 

258 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



13 
171 



81 
6 
11 

133 

4 
1 



413 
4 
14 



3 

61 

6 

688 

38 

91 

755 

10 

13 

5 

30 
181 
10 
24 
75 



Burglary 
— break- 
ing or 
entering 



84 
834 

79 
840 



657 
2,861 
132 
136 
155 

356 
119 
182 
235 
2,164 

57 

43 

119 

309 

174 

327 
429 
222 
148 



175 
264 
200 
167 
154 

125 

345 

86 

474 

587 



Larceny — theft 



$50 and 
over 



91 536 

No reports received 
1 
14 
102 

12 
4 
102 
15 
30 

117 
37 
23 



26 

7 

156 

5 

11 



420 
1 



66 
193 

16 
256 

75 

616 
1,047 
48 
71 
64 

164 

409 

92 

66 

778 

21 
5 
67 
91 

74 

37 
195 
61 
58 
128 

52 
142 
41 
45 
114 

18 
165 

21 
149 
171 

304 



Under 
$50 



760 
1,856 

133 
1,994 

641 

2,197 
5,848 
1,190 
1,008 
490 

1,210 

1,764 

385 

289 

3,846 

52 
185 
722 
671 
404 

293 

1,390 

508 

547 

1,416 

684 
629 
742 
480 
374 

189 
1,328 

412 
1,449 
1,236 

1,596 



48 


4 


28 


235 


58 


605 


979 


372 


2,743 


345 


32 


504 


27 


3 


51 


464 


144 


639 


194 


33 


191 


168 


107 


1,027 


898 


321 


1,770 


52 


37 


279 


66 


12 


144 


87 


6 


79 


124 


41 


198 


135 


9 


261 


122 


80 


580 


134 


44 


605 


97 


20 


311 


148 


26 


516 


2 


28 


73 


1,833 


1,262 


5,665 


60 


13 


72 


216 


131 


272 


8S 


13 


526 


65 


6 


76 


92 


47 


451 


88 


58 


144 


33 


15 


246 


49 


5 


168 



78 



Table 30. — Number of offenses known to the police, January to December, inclu- 
sive, 194s, cities over 26,000 in population {based on 1940 decennial census) — 
Continued 



City 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



Robbery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Burglary 
— break- 
ing or 
entering 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



Under 
$50 



Auto 
theft 



West AUis, Wis 

West Hartford, Conn. 

West Haven, Conn 

West New York, N. J. 
West Orange, N. J 



West Palm Beach, Fla. 

Wheeline, W. Va 

White Plains, N. Y 

Wichita, Kans.. 

Wichita Falls, Tex 



57 30 

81 25 

Only 4 months received 
No reports received 



399 
154 



Wilkes-Barre, Pa.. 
Wilkinsburg, Pa.. 
WUliamsport, Pa_. 
Wilmington, DeL_. 
Wilmington, N. C. 



Winston-Salem, N. C. 

Woodbridge, N. J 

Woonsocket, R. I 

Worcester, Mass 

Wyandotte, Mich 



Yakima, Wash 

Yonkers, N. Y 

York, Pa 

Youngstown, Ohio. 
Zanesville, Ohio 







68 
144 


15 
54 


103 

485 


18 


45 


13 


6 


185 


39 


218 


2 


37 


35 


25 


118 


14 


24 


308 


80 


1,030 


17 


50 


217 


91 


728 


10 


7 


113 


43 


161 


3 


23 


65 


10 


132 


12 


8 


70 


14 


294 


153 


18 


499 


274 


1,341 


112 


1,050 


167 


312 


897 


13 


123 


344 


76 


548 




2 
2 


79 
86 


11 
14 


103 
139 


2 


82 


27 


774 


276 


705 


3 


2 


42 


18 


137 


6 


2 


121 


137 


757 


9 


32 


186 


59 


313 



202 
23 



Only 1 month received 
111 I 704 
167 



58 



929 
324 



73 

53 

34 

185 



6 

50 

279 

180 

68 
15 
51 
365 
31 



44fi 
60 



' Larcenies not separately reported. Figure listed includes both major and minor larcenies. 
2 Figures include offenses committed by juveniles; this is in accord with the uniform reportmg pro- 
cedure followed by other cities. 

Supplement to Return A Data, 

Supplementary offense reports received monthly during 1943 from 
police departments of the larger cities furnish additional details con- 
cerning the nature of the crimes committed, and the information 
based on such reports appears in tables 31-33. 

The 58 cities with a combined population of 17,986,1 14 represented in 
table 31 reported a 9.5 percent increase in rapes. Further analysis dis- 
closes a 15.5 percent increase in forcible rapes and a 1 .6 percent increase 
in statutory violations (no force used — victim under age of consent). 

The over-all figures for robberies showed a decrease in 1943, but 
highway robberies continued the increase reflected in 1942, showing a 
5.6 percent increase. On the other hand, the marked reduction in oil 
station robberies which occurred during 1942 continued in 1943 as 
shown by a decrease of 72.7 percent last year. 

Burglaries during 1943 increased 2 percent in the cities represented 
in this compilation. Residence burglaries committed during daytime 
increased 7.2 percent, whereas nighttime residence burglaries showed a 
reduction of 10.6 percent. This is possibly attributable to the fact 
that gasoline rationing and other wartime conditions caused more 
people to be home in the early evening hours, thereby decreasing 
nighttime burglaries, while on the other hand increased employment 



79 

of women has undoubtedly resulted in many dwelling places being 
entirely unoccupied during the daytime with an upward trend in 
burglaries during those hours. 

Nonresidence burglaries increased 9.4 percent during the night 
hours but showed no substantial change in the number committed 
during daytime. 

Larcenies subdivided according to value of property stolen reflected 
an 18.8 percent increase in those instances where the property was 
valued at $50 or more. On the other hand, thefts of property valued 
from $5 to $50 decreased 9.8 percent, and thefts of articles valued at 
less than $5 showed a reduction of 13 percent. When larcenies are 
subdivided according to the nature of the theft, it is observed that 
cases of pocket-picking increased 39.5 percent and purse-snatching 
22.9 percent. On the other hand, shoplifting showed a decrease of 
6.2 percent, thefts of auto accessories a decrease of 56.4 percent, and 
other thefts from autos a decrease of 9.7 percent. 

The cities represented in the tabulation showed a 21.1 percent in- 
crease in the number of automobiles stolen. During 1943, 96.8 per- 
cent of the stolen automobiles were recovered, as indicated in the 
following figures for the 58 cities represented in tables 31 and 32: 





1942 


1943 


Nnmbpr nf ant.omohilfts st.nlpn 


36, 814 

36,084 

98.0 


44,572 


Number of automobiles recovered 


43, 153 


Percent recovered 


96.8 







On the average the cities represented in tables 31-33 showed in- 
creases in the number of burglaries and auto thefts committed but 
showed a decrease in the number of robberies and larcenies. How- 
ever, the average value of property stolen per offense showed a sub- 
stantial increase for each offense category: For robbery, +7.3 percent; 
burglary, +21.7 percent; larceny, +30.8 percent; and auto theft, 
+6.7 percent. It is significant to note that notwithstanding the fact 
that the number of property crimes reported decreased 1.0 percent, 
the total value of property stolen increased 25.8 percent, from $29,- 
248,598.44 in 1942 to $36,787,647.18 m 1943. 

Table 33 reflects the value of property stolen and the value of prop- 
erty recovered, subdivided by type of property, during 1942 and 1943. 
The compilation reveals that in 1942, 66.7 percent of the stolen prop- 
erty was recovered, whereas in 1943 the corresponding figure was 
66.9 percent. Notwithstanding this slight percentage increase, the 
value of property recovered by the police in the cities represented 
rose from $19,448,106.47 m 1942 -to $24,511,646.04 m 1943. The 
percentage of stolen property recovered is highest in the case of auto- 
mobfles and lowest in the case of furs. Exclusive of automobiles, 
the cities represented in table 33 reported property stolen during 1943 



80 



amounting to $14,198,342.16 and recoveries of $3,037,926.80 
percent of the value of property stolen). 



(21.4 



Table 31. — Number of known offenses with divisions as to the nature of the criminal 
act, time and place of commission, and value of property stolen, January to Decem- 
ber, inclusive, 194S-43; 58 cities over 100,000 in population; total population, 
17,986,114 





Number of offenses 


Percent 


Classification 


1942 


1943 


change 


Eape: 

Forcible - 


1, 175 
893 


1,357 
907 


-M5.5 




-fl.6 






Total - - - - 


2,068 


2. 264 


-f9.5 






Robbery: 


9,873 

3,126 

922 

54 

663 

30 

526 


10,422 

2,664 

252 

47 

673 

18 

633 


-f5.6 




-14.8 




-72.7 


Chain store -- -- 


-13.0 




-fl.5 


Bank . 


-40.0 


Miscellaneous 


-t-20.3 






Total -- ---- 


15, 194 


14, 709 


-3.2 


Burglary— breaking or entering: 
Residence (dwelling): 


21, 495 
9, 517 

30, 988 
3.594 


19, 213 
10, 199 

33. 892 
3,595 


-10.6 




-f7.2 


Nonresidence (store, office", etc.): 


-f9.4 




0.0 






Total - 


65, 594 


66, 899 


+2.0 


Larceny— theft (except auto theft) (grouped according to value of 


23, 675 
115, 247 
35, 387 


28, 134 
103. 994 
30, 775 


+ 18.8 




-9.8 


Under$5 - 


-13.0 






Total.. -- 


174, 309 


162, 903 


-6.5 


Larceny— theft (grouped as to type of offense): 

Pocket-picking _. 


2,856 
4.645 
5,364 
28,771 
30, 383 
31, 910 
70, 380 


3,985 
5,707 
5,030 
25, 975 
13, 246 
29.896 
79,064 


+39.5 




+22.9 


Shoplifting - .- 


-6.2 


Thefts from autos (exclusive of auto accessories) - -. 


-9.7 




-56.4 


Bicycles - -. - 


-6.3 




+ 12.3 




174, 309 


162, 903 


1 -6.5 




1 



?ABLE 32. — Value of property stolen, by type of crime, January to December, in- 
clusive, 1943-43; 58 cities over 100,000; total population, 17,986,114 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Numlier of offenses 


Value of property stolen 


Average value per 
offense 


Classification 


1942 


1943 


Per- 
cent 
change 


1942 


1943 


Per- 
cent 
change 


1942 


1943 


Per- 
cent 
change 


Robbery. 

Burglary 

Larceny— theft 
Auto theft 


15, 194 

65, 594 
174, 309 
36, 814 


14, 709 
66, 899 
162, 903 
44, 572 


-3.2 

+2.0 

-6.5 

+21.1 


$1,401,121.10 

4, 597, 578. 66 

5, 764, 073. 69 
17, 485, 824. 99 


$1, 455, 755. 19 
5,706,919.41 
7, 044, 994. 69 

22, 579, 977. 89 


+3.9 
+24.1 
+22.2 
+29.1 


$92. 22 
70.09 
33.07 

474. 98 


$98. 97 
85.31 
43. 25 

506.60 


+7.3 
+21.7 
+30.8 

+6.7 


Total.... 


291,911 


289.083 


-1.0 


29, 248, 598. 44 


36,787,647.18 


+25.8 1 100.20 


127. 26 


+27.0 



81 



Table 33. — Value of property stolen and value of property recovered by type of 
property, January to December, inclusive, 1942-43; 57 cities over 100,000; total 
population, 17,885,596 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial censusl 





1942 


1943 


Type of property 


Value of 

property 

stolen 


Value of 
property 
recovered 


Per- 
cent 
recov- 
ered 


Value of 

property 

stolen 


Value of 
property 
recovered 


Per- 
cent 
recov- 
ered 


Currency, notes, etc 


$3, 544, 874. 23 

2,365,098.31 

540, 919. 82 

1, 286, 320. 91 

17,432,121.19 
3,966,567.09 


$454,587.88 

513, 365. 36 

50, 192. 45 

260, 443. 89 

16, 975, 324. 20 

1, 194, 192. 63 


12.8 

21.7 
9.3 
20.2 
97.4 
30.1 


$4,622,386.37 

2,641,319.46 

6,38,815.94 

1, 412, 898. 37 

22, 419, 161. 90 
4, 882, 922. 02 


$666,815.51 

547, 389. 12 

83, 294. 61 

311, 019. 50 

21, 473, 719. 24 

1, 429, 408. 06 


14.4 


Jewelry and precious metals.. 
Furs. . 


20.7 
13.0 


Clothin? 


22.0 


Locally stolen automobiles — 
Miscellaneous... 


95.8 
29.3 






Total 


29, 135, 901. 55 


19, 448, 106. 47 


66.7 


36, 617, 504. 06 


24, 511, 646. 04 


66.9 



Offenses Known to Sheriffs, State Police, and Other Rural Officers, 1943. 

Urban and rural crimes are tabulated separately under the Uniform 
Crime Reporting system. The data presented in the foregomg tabu- 
lations are based on reports received from police departments in 
urban communities (places with 2,500 or more inhabitants). 
Comprehensive data for the rural areas are not yet available but the 
information on hand is presented in table 34. The offenses shown 
are those reported by 985 sheriffs, 8 State police organizations, and 
107 vUlage officers. 

Table 34. — Offenses known, January to December, inclusive, 1943, as reported by 
985 sheriffs, 8 State police organizations, and 107 village officers 





Criminal homicide 


Rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
as- 
sault 


Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 


Larceny- 
theft 






Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 


Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 


Auto 
theft 


Offenses known 


964 


625 


1,830 


2,274 


4,879 


18, 733 


31, 783 


9,528 



Offenses Known in Territories and Possessions of the United States. 

There are presented in table 35 the available data concerning 
crimes committed in Territories and possessions of the United States. 
Included are the figures reported by the first and fourth Judicial 
Districts of Alaska; Honolulu City and the County of Honolulu in 
the Territory of Hawaii; and the Isthmus of Panama, C. Z. The 
tabulation is based on offenses reported by law-enforcement officers 
policing both the rural and urban areas, except that the data for 
Honolulu City have been segregated from the figures for Honolulu 
County. 



82 

Table 35. — Number of offenses known in United States Territories and pos- 
sessions, January to December, inclusive, 1943 

[Population figures from 1940 decennial census] 





Murder, 
nonneg- 

ligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bu" 

glary— 
breaking 
or en- 
tering 


Larceny— theft 


Auto 
theft 


Jurisdiction reporting 


Over $50 


Under 
$50 


Alaska: 

First judicial division (Jun- 
eau), population, 25,241; 
number of offenses 
known ._ 


4 

2 

14 
2 

8 




8 

2 

47 
13 

19 


9 

4 

943 
224 

92 


25 


13 

20 

1,467 
215 

1,049 


7 


Fourth judicial division 
(Fairbanks), population, 
16,094; number of offenses 
known. 






Hawaii: 

Honolulu City, population, 
179,358; number of of- 
fenses known .. . . 


14 


373 
49 

134 


195 


Honolulu County, popula- 
tion, 78,898; number of 
offenses known 


49 


Isthmus of Panama: 

Canal Zone, population. 
51,827; number of offenses 
known 


25 


143 







Estimated Number of Major Crim.es in the United States, 1942-43. 

Table 36 presents the estimated number of major crimes in the 
United States during the past 2 years and discloses increases in the 
number of rapes, burglaries, and auto thefts. Decreases are reflected 
in the r(?maining types of crimes. 

The conditions reflected by this compilation are obviously not such 
as to justify a feeling of satisfaction in view of the fact that we have 
increases in three classifications, notwithstanding that several million 
of the Nation's young men have been removed from civilian life for 
the duration. This increase is a reflection of the more frequent partic- 
ipation by youth in the commission of crimes, as is shoAvn in more 
detail in the section of this publication dealing with data compiled 
from the fingerprint records of arrested persons. 

During the average day last year, 3,785 crimes of the types shotvn 
in the tabulation were estimated to have occurred. This means 158 
per hour. On the average day there were 27 criminal homicides, 29 
rapes, and 136 other felonious assaults. There were also 124 robberies, 
745 burglaries, 2,209 larcenies, and 514 auto thefts. 

The estimates for both 1942 and 1943 are based on monthly reports 
received from approximately 2,100 cities representing a combined 
population in excess of 65,000,000. Any study of annual crime 
trends should be accompanied by a reference to table 25 and the text 
preceding it. 

It is recognized that the larceny classification includes many thefts 
involving property of small value. However, it is also noted that the 
estimated total of major crimes does not include miscellaneous crimes 



83 







84 

of a serious nature, such as embezzlement, fraud, forgery, counter- 
feiting, arson, receiving stolen property, drug violations, carrying 
concealed weapons, et cetera. It is therefore believed that the 
estimated totals set out in table 36 are conservative. 



Table 36. — Estimated number of major crimes in the United States, 1942-43 



Offense 



Number of offenses 



Change 



Number Percent 



Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 

Manslaughter by negligence 

Rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault .. 

Burglary 

Larceny 

Auto theft - 

Total 



7,569 

4,019 

10, 107 

47, 126 

52, 094 

266, 147 

882, 061 

167, 625 



1, 436, 748 



6,517 

3,464 

10, 734 

45,268 

49, 738 

271, 884 

806, 325 

187, 751 



1, 381, 681 



-1,052 

-555 

+627 

-1,858 

-2,356 

+5, 737 

-75, 736 

+20, 126 



-55, 067 



-13.9 
-13.8 
+6.2 
-3.9 
-4.5 
+2.2 
-8.6 
+12.0 



-3.& 



85 




DATA COMPILED FROM FINGERPRINT RECORDS 



Source of Data. 

During the 1943 calendar year the F,B I exammed 490,764 arrest 
records, as evidenced by fingerprint cards, in order to obtain data 
concerning the age, sex, race, and previous criminal history of the per- 
sons represented. The compilation has been limited to instances of 
arrests for violations of State laws and municipal ordinances. In other 
words, fingerprint cards representing arrests for violations of Federal 
laws or representing commitments to any type of penal institution 
have been excluded from this tabulation. 

The number of fingerprint records examined was considerably 
smaller than the 585,988 examined in 1942. The tabulation of data 
from fingerprint cards obviously does not include all persons arrested, 
since there are individuals taken into custody for whom no fingerprint 
cards are forwarded to Washington. Furthermore, data pertaining 
to persons arrested should not be treated as information regarding 
the number of offenses committed, since two or more persons may be 
involved in the joint commission of a single offense, and on the other 
hand one person may be arrested and charged with the commission 
of several separate crimes. 
Offense Charged. 

More than 35 percent (175,150) of the records examined during 
1943 represented arrests for major violations. Persons charged with 
murder, robbery, assault, burglary, larceny, or auto theft numbered 
129,393, constituting 26.4 percent of the total arrest records examined. 
Sex. 

Fingerprint cards representing arrests of males during 1943 num- 
bered 411,642, which represents a 20.2 percent decrease from the 
515,635 cards received during 1942. 

Female arrest records increased, however, from 70,353 during 1942 
to 79,122 in 1943, an increase of 12.5 percent. 

The following are some of the changes in the arrests of males and 
females of aU ages during 1943 as compared with 1942: 



flense 



Burglary 

Larceny 

Embezzlement and fraud 



Percent change 



Male Female 



-5.4 
-16.2 
-34.3 



+33.2 

+6.8 

+15.8 



Offense 



Disorderly conduct 

Drunkenness 

Vagrancy 



Percent change 



Male Female 



-15.4 
-20.1 
-27.3 



+31.3 

+1.8 

+24.6 



(86) 



87 

The number and percentage of arrests by sex during 1943 are pre- 
sented in Table 37. 

Table 37. — Distribution of arrests by sex, Jan. 1-Dec. SI, 1943 



Ofiense charged 



Number 



Total Male Female 



Percent 



Total Male 



Female 



Criminal homicide 

Robbery 

Assault 

Burglary — breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft 

Autotheft 

Embezzlement and fraud 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, etc 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Rape 

Prostitution and commercialized vice. 

O ther sex oflenses 

Narcotic drug laws 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Offenses against family and children.. 

Liquor laws 

Driving while intoxicated 

Road and driving laws 

Parking violations 

Other traffic and motor- vehicle laws. - . 

Disorderly conduct 

Drunkenness 

Vagrancy 

Gambling 

Suspicion 

Not stated 

All other offenses 

Total 



4,688 

10, 827 

34, 668 

23, 791 

44,498 

10, 921 

7,674 

2,417 

622 

3,880 

5,861 

9,263 

12, 020 

1,361 

5,550 

7,710 

6,775 

18, 392 

4,745 

53 

4,549 

^5, 319 

111,031 

35, 013 

13, 930 

41, 364 

2,230 

31, 612 



4,070 

10, 251 

30, 611 

23, 053 

37, 605 

10, 681 

6,662 

2,115 

558 

3,424 

5,861 

2,483 

8,111 

1,184 

5,204 

7,292 

5,508 

17, 505 

4,641 

52 

4,400 

26, 627 

99,292 

22, 749 

12, 901 

33, 035 

1,636 

24, 131 



618 

576 
4,057 

738 
6,893 

240 
1,012 

302 
64 

456 



6,780 

3,909 
177 
346 
418 

1,267 

887 

104 

1 

149 

8,692 
11, 739 
12, 264 

1,029 

8,329 
594 

7,481 



1.0 

2.2 

7.1 

4.8 

9.1 

2.2 

1.6 

.5 

.1 

.8 

1.2 

1.9 

2.5 

.3 

1.1 

1.6 

1.4 

3.7 

1.0 

(') 

.9 

7.2 

22.6 

7.1 

2.8 

8.4 

.5 

6.4 



490, 764 



411, 642 



79. 122 



100.0 



1.0 

2.5 

7.4 

5.6 

9.2 

2.6 

1.6 

.5 

.1 

.8 

1.4 

.6 

2.0 

.3 

1.3 

1.8 

1.3 

4.3 

1.1 

1.1 
6.5 
24.1 
5.5 
3.1 
8.0 
.4 
5.9 



100.0 



0.8 
.7 

5.1 
.9 

8.7 
.3 

1.3 
.4 
.1 
.6 



0) 



8.6 
5.0 
.2 
.4 
.5 
1.6 
1.1 
.1 

.2 
11.0 
14.8 
15.5 
1.3 
10.5 
.8 
9.5 



100.0 



' Less than Jio of 1 percent. 



Age. 

There were 112,281 males and females under voting age arrested 
and fingerprinted during 1943. This amounts to 22.9 percent of the 
total arrests. In addition there were 64,444 (13.1 percent) between 
the ages of 21 and 24, making a total of 176,725 (36.0 percent) less 
than 25 years old. Arrests of persons 25 to 29 years old numbered 
66,981 (13.6 percent). The resultant total is 243,706 (49.7 percent) 
less than 30 years of age. It should be remembered that the number 
of arrest records is doubtless incomplete in the lower age groups be- 
cause of the practice of some jurisdictions not to fingerprint youthful 
offenders. 

Although there was a 7.6 percent decrease in the number of arrests 
of males under 21 years of age (due entirely to the decrease in arrests 
of males aged 18 to 20) the figures again show that youths play a pre- 
dominant part in the commission of crimes against property. For 
males and females combined the following figures represent the por- 
tion of offenses committed by persons under 21: Larceny, 37.1 per- 
cent; robbery, 39.3 percent; burglary, 55.8 percent; and auto theft, 
65.1 percent. These percentages are somewhat higher than those for 



88 




89 

1942, which is partially the result of the decrease in the number of 
arrests of persons 21 years of age and over. 

During 1943, there were 104,630 persons of all ages arrested for 
robbery, burglary, larceny, auto theft, embezzlement, fraud, forgery, 
counterfeiting, receiving stolen property, and arson; and 44,047 
(42.1 percent) of those persons were less than 21 years old. 

The extent of the participation of youth in the commission of 
crimes against property is further indicated by the following figures: 
During 1943, 36.0 percent of all persons arrested were less than 25 
years of age. However, persons less than 25 years old numbered 
60.0 percent of those charged with robbery, 69.1 percent of those 
charged with burglary, 51.5 percent of those charged with larceny, 
and 81.4 percent of those charged with auto theft. More than one- 
half of all crimes against property during 1943 were committed by 
persons under 25 years of age. 

For males and females combined, the figures for the groups in which 
the largest number of arrests occurred during 1943 are as follows: 



Age 


Number of 
arrests 


Age 


Number of 
arrests 


18. - _ 


26, 294 
23, 746 
21,325 


22 


16, 978 


17 


20 


16, 778 


19 











For males and females combined, there was a slight decrease in 
arrests of those under 21 years of age, from 112,486 in 1942 to 112,281 
in 1943 (—0.2 percent). However, arrests of persons less than 18 
years old increased 26.3 percent, while arrests of persons in the 18-20 
age group decreased 13.6 percent. 

As would be expected under existing wartime conditions, figures 
for the separate sexes show different trends in certain age groups. 
Boy arrests under 18 increased 23.4 percent and girl arrests under 18 
increased 49.4 percent. On the other hand, whereas boy arrests in 
the 18-20 age bracket decreased 24.1 percent, girl arrests in this age 
group increased 47.4 percent. The over-all data for female arrests 
show increases at all ages up to 30, but the increase was 47.9 percent 
among those imder 21 years of age, 16.4 percent for ages 21-24, and 
only 0.8 percent for ages 25-29. On the other hand, male arrests 
show a 9.5 percent decrease at age IS, and more substantial decreases 
at all higher ages. 

Age 17 predominated in the frequency distribution of male arrests 
during 1943, the first time since these tabulations were started by the 
F B I in 1932. Age 18 was second in the frequency of arrests. The 
top position occupied by age 17 results partially from the decreases in 



90 




9^1 

arrests in older age groups; nevertheless, it should be noted that male 
arrests for age 17 increased 27.7 percent during 1943. 

Arrests during 1943 of males under 18 years of age increased 39.8 
percent for rape, 39.0 percent for robbery, 27.7 percent for burglary, 
and 23.4 percent for auto theft as compared with 1942. 

Female arrests in 1943 occurred most frequently at age 18, followed 
by age 19. This, too, is a new development in the data, occurring 
for the first time in 12 years. In 1942, age 22 predominated, followed 
by age 21 ; and in prior years ages 21-23 usually predominated in the 
frequency of female arrests. In 1943, female arrests at age 18 in- 
creased 54.3 percent, and at age 19 the increase was 52.9 percent. 

As previously indicated the figures for girls under 21 years of age 
disclose a 47.9 percent increase, from 15,068 in 1942 to 22,292 in 1943. 

For offenses against common decency the number of girls under 21 
years of age arrested during 1943 increased 56.9 percent. This general 
category includes such offenses as drunkenness, vagrancy, disorderly 
conduct, prostitution, and commercialized vice, and other sex crimes, 
such as adultery and fornication. 

For crimes against property (robbery, burglary, theft and related 
offenses) arrests of girls under 21 years of age increased 30.1 percent; 
for miscellaneous violations arrests increased 53.2 percent; but for 
assaults and homicides there was a decrease of 5.5 percent. 

The seriousness of the juvenile delinquency problem is more clearly 
seen when it is remembered that the increase in female arrests during 
1943 is in addition to a similar substantial increase which occurred in 
1942. When compared with arrests iti 1941, the figures for 1943 show 
that arrests of girls under 21 increased 130.4 percent. These figures 
indicate that the factors contributing to delinquency are still very 
powerful, and point to the need for each community to intensify its 
efforts to stop the rising tide of delinquency and juvenile crime. 
All of the constructive influences which an aroused community can 
provide are urgently needed to combat this menace to our internal 
strength. 



92 



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Table 39. — Number and percentage of arrests of persons under 25 years of age, 
male and female, Jan. 1-Dec. 31, 1943 



Offense charged 



Total num- 
ber of 
persons 
arrested 



Number 

imder 21 

years of 

age 



Total num- 
ber under 
25 years of 
a?e 



Percentage 
under 21 
years of 



Total per- 
centage 
under 25 

years of age 



Criminal homicide.- 

Robbery 

Assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering _ . 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft 

Embezzlement and fraud __- 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, etc 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Rape 

Prostitution and commercialized vice. . 

Other sex offenses.- 

Narcotic drug laws 

AVeapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Offenses against family and chOdren... 

Liquor laws 

Driving while intoxicated 

Road and driving laws 

Parking violations 

Other traffic and motor vehicle laws... 

Disorderly conduct 

Drunkenness 

Vagrancy 

Gambling _._ 

Suspicion 

Not stated 

All other offenses 

Total 



4,688 

10, 827 

34, 668 

23. 791 

44. 498 

10, 921 

7,674 

2,417 

622 

3,880 

5,861 

9,263 

12, 020 

1,361 

6, 550 

7,710 

6,775 

18, 392 

4,745 

53 

4,549 

35, 319 

111,031 

35.013 

Ic, 930 

41,364 

2,230 

31,612 



619 

4,255 

4,733 

13, 284 

16,506 

7,114 

1,137 

502 

187 

1,062 

1,886 

1,852 

2,101 

117 

1,369 

410 

559 

882 

1,066 

6 

1,234 

7,737 

6,058 

10, 455 

1,174 

13,326 

453 

12,197 



1,239 

6,492 

9,661 

16, 443 

22,918 

8,892 

2,171 

824 

244 

1,674 

2,930 

3,983 

4,099 

282 

2,201 

1,497 

1,203 

2 302 

1.894 

13 

1 902 

IJ. 334 

13,908 

16, 689 

2,421 

19, 825 

826 

16, 768 



13.2 
39.3 
13.7 
55.8 
37.1 
65.1 
14.8 
20.8 
30.1 
27.4 
32.2 
20.0 
17.5 
8.6 
24.7 
5.3 
8.3 
4.8 
22.5 
11.3 
27.4 
21.9 
5 5 
29.9 
8.4 
32.2 
20.3 
38.6 



26.4 
60.0 
27.9 
69.1 
51.5 
81.4 
28.3 
34.1 
39.2 
4.3.1 
50.0 
43.0 
34.1 
20.7 
39.7 
19.4 
17.8 
12.5 
39.9 
24.5 
43.8 
37.8 
12.5 
47.7 
17.4 
47.9 
37.0 
53.0 



490, 764 



112, 281 



176, 725 



22.9 



36.0 



Criminal Repeaters. 

Of the 490,764 arrest records examined, 234,087 (47.7 percent) 
represented persons who ah'eady had fingerprint records on file in 
the Identification Division of the FBI. For males the percentage 
with prior records was 51.1 and for females the percentage was 29.8. 
These figures pertain to fingerprint arrest records, and in no way 
relate to the civil identification files of the FBI. 

Table 40. — Percentage with previous fingerprint records, arrests, male and female, 

Jan. 1-Dec. 31, 1943 



Offense 



Narcotic drug laws 

Drunkenness 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Robbery 

Embezzlement and fraud 

Vagrancy _ _ 

Liquor laws 

Burglary 

Assault 

Larceny.. 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 

Auto theft.. 

All other offenses 



Percent 



77.6 
58.9 
58.6 
58. 1 
64.3 
51.9 
49.1 
47.1 
45.9 
45.6 
45.4 
44.1 
43.9 
42.3 



Offense 



Parking violations '... 

Suspicion 

Rape 

Prostitution and commercialized vice. 

Disorderly conduct 

Weapons 

other traffic and motor vehicle laws... 
Stolen property; buying, receiving, etc 

Driving while intoxicated 

Criminal homicide 

Arson 

Other sex offenses.. 

Road and driving laws 



Percent 



41.5 
41.4 
41.2 
41.1 
40.5 
40.3 
38.7 
37.8 
37.7 
37.4 
37.1 
34.2 
33.8 



1 Only 53 flngeri)rint cards received representing arrests for violations of parking regulations. 



95 








1- 




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o 



Race. 

Most of the persons represented in this study were members of the 
white and Negro races. Including Mexicans, who numbered 18,384, 
members of the white race represented 358,254 of the 490,764 arrest 
records received, while 125,339 were Negroes, 5,438 Indians, 499 
Chinese, 102 Japanese, and 1,132 were representatives of other races. 

Table 41. — Distribution of arrests according to race, male and female, Jan. 1- 

Dec. 31, 1943 



Offense charged 



Race 



White 



Negro 



Indian 



Chinese 



Japanese 



All 
others 



Total 
all races 



Criminal homicide 

Robbery 

Assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft 

Embezzlement and fraud 

Stolen property; buying, re- 
ceiving, etc. 

Arson ._ 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Rape 

Prostitution and commer- 
cialized vice 

other sex offenses.-. 

Narcotic drug laws 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, 

etc 

Offenses against family and 

children 

Liquor laws. 

Driving while intoxicated. 

Road and driving laws 

Parking violations 

other traflSc and motor vehicle 

laws 

Disorderly conduct. 

Drimkenness 

Vagrancy 

Gambling.. 

Suspicion 

Not stated 

All other offenses 

Total.. 



2,514 
6,004 
19, 052 
17, 217 
29,039 
9,018 
6,321 

1,473 

466 

3,340 

4,308 

6,216 

9,949 

806 

2,493 

6,293 
3,956 
17, 026 
3,633 

42 

3,305 
25, 262 
94, 819 
25,323 

6,326 
28,252 

1,709 
24, 092 



2,107 
4,674 

15,206 
6,379 

15, 089 
1,801 
1,303 

925 

149 

500 

1,436 

2,872 

1,960 

347 

2,984 

1,352 
2,776 
1,172 
1,078 
10 

1,208 
9,581 

13, 746 
9,042 
7,388 

12, 714 

484 

7,056, 



35 

90 
187 
142 
287 



4 

5 

33 

60 

150 
72 
10 



47 
34 
161 
24 



29 

383 

2,308 

557 

22 
298 

34 
328 



7 

10 
21 

7 
11 

2 

4 

2 

1 
1 

17 

10 

10 

169 



25 
49 
174 
44 
62 
13 
10 

11 

1 
4 
39 

15 
29 
28 

38 

15 

3 

31 

7 



6 
71 
133 
64 
98 
76 

3 
83 



4,688 
10,827 
34,668 
23,791 
44,498 
10, 921 

7,674 

2,417 

622 

3,880 

5,861 

9,263 

12,020 

1,361 

5,550 

7,710 
6,775 
18, 392 
4,745 
53 

4,549 
35, 319 
111,031 
35, 013 
13, 930 
41,364 

2,230 
31,612 



358, 254 



125, 339 



5,438 



1,132 



490, 764 



OFFENSE CLASSIFICATIONS 

In order to indicate more clearly the types of oflfenses included in part I and 
part II offenses, there follows a brief definition of each classification: 

Part I Offenses. 

1. Criminal homicide. — (a) Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter includes all 
wilful felonious homicides as distinguished from deaths caused by negligence. 
Does not include attempts to kill, assaults to kill, suicides, accidental deaths, or 
justifiable homicides. Justifiable homicides excluded from this classification are 
limited to the following types of cases: (1) The killing of a felon by a peace officer 
in line of duty; (2) The killing of a hold-up man by a private citizen. (&) Man- 
slaughter by negligence includes any death which the police investigation estab- 
lishes was primarily attributable to gross negligence on the part of some individual 
other than the victim. 

2. Rape. — Includes forcible rape, statutory rape (no force used — -victim under 
age of consent), assault to rape, and attempted rape. 

3. Robbery.— Inclxxdes stealing or taking anything of value from the person by 
force or Aiolence or by putting in fear, such as strong-arm robbery, stick-ups, 
robbery armed. Includes assault to rob and attempt to rob. 

4. Aggravated assaw/L— Includes assault with intent to kill; assault by shooting, 
cutting, stabbing, maiming, poisoning, scalding, or by the use of acids. Does not 
include simple assault, assault and battery, fighting, etc. 

5. Burglary— breaking or entering. — Includes burglary, housebreaking, safe- 
cracking, or any unlawi'ul entry to commit a felony or a theft, even though no force 
was used to gain entrance. Includes attempts. Burglary followed by larceny 
is included in this classification and not counted again as larceny. 

6. Larceny — thejt (except auto theft). — (a) Fifty dollars and over in value; 
(6) under $50 in value — includes in one of the above subclassifications, depending 
upon the value of the property stolen, thefts of bicycles, automobile accessories, 
shoplifting, pocket-picking, or any stealing of property or article of value which 
is not taken by force and violence or by fraud. Does not include embezzlement, 
"con" games, forgery, worthless checks, etc. 

7. Auto thejt. — Includes all cases where a motor vehicle is stolen or driven away 
and abandoned, including the so-called joy-riding thefts. Does not include taking 
for temporary use when actually returned by the taker, or unauthorized use by 
those having lawful access to the vehicle. 

Part II Offenses. 

8. Other assaults. — Includes all assaults and attempted assaults which are not 
of an aggravated nature and which do not belong in class 4. 

9. Forgery and counterfeiting. — Includes offenses dealing with the making, 
altering, uttering, or possessing, with intent to defraud, anything false which is 
made to appear true. Includes attempts. 

10. Embezzlement and fraud. — Includes all offenses of fraudulent conversion, 
embezzlement, and obtaining money or property by false pretenses. 

11. Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing. — 'Includes buying, receiving, 
and possessing stolen property as well as attempts to commit any of those offenses. 

(97) 



98 

12. Weapons^ carrying, possessing, etc. — 'Includes all violations of regulations 
or statutes controlling the carrying, using, possessing, furnishing, and manufactur- 
ing of deadly weapons or silencers and all attempts to violate such statutes or 
regulations. 

13. Prostitution and commercialized vice. — 'Includes sex offenses of a commer- 
cialized nature, or attempts to commit the same, such as prostitution, keeping 
bawdy house, procuring, transporting, or detaining women for immoral purposes. 

14. Sex offenses (except rape and prostitution and commercialized vice). — In- 
cludes offenses against chastity, common decency, morals, and the like. Includes 
attempts. 

15. Offenses against the family and children. — Includes offenses of nonsupport, 
neglect, desertion, or abuse of family and children. 

16. Narcotic drvg laws. — Includes offenses relating to narcotic drugs, such as 
unlawful possession, sale, or use. Excludes Federal offenses. 

17. Liquor laws. — 'With the exception of "drunkenness" (class 18) and "driving 
while intoxicated" (class 22), liquor law violations, State or local, are placed in 
this class. Excludes Federal violations. 

18. Drunkenness. — Includes all offenses of drunkenness or intoxication. 

19. Disorderly conduct. — 'Includes all charges of committing a breach of the 
peace. 

20. Vagrancy. — Includes such offenses as vagabondage, begging, loitering, etc. 

21. Gambling. — -Includes offenses of promoting, permitting, or engaging in 
gambling. 

22. Driving while intoxicated. — -Includes driving or operating any motor vehicle 
while drunk or under the influence of liquor or narcotics. 

23. Violation of road and driving laws. — 'Includes violations of regulations with 
respect to the proper handling of a motor vehicle to prevent accidents. 

24. Parking violations. — -Includes violations of parking ordinances. 

25. Other violations of traffic and motor vehicle laws. — Includes violations of 
State laws and municipal ordinances with regard to traffic and motor vehicles 
not otherwise provided for in classes 22-24. 

26. All other offenses. — Includes all violations of State or local laws for which 
no provision has been made above in classes 1-25. 

27. Suspicion. — ^This classification includes all persons arrested as suspicious 
characters, but not in connection with any specific offense, who are released with- 
out formal charges being placed against them. 



INDEX TO VOLUME XIV, UNIFORM CRIME REPORTS 

[All references are to page numbers] 

Age of offenders. {See Arrests.) 

Annual crime trends: Page 

Cities grouped by size 8 

Cities grouped by location 57-60 

Estimated total number of major crimes, 1942-43 82-85 

Arrests — based on fingerprint records 44-48, 86-96 

Age of offenders 45-48, 87-94 

Race of offenders. . 48, 96 

Recidivism 48, 94 

Sex of offenders 44-46,86-87 

Automobiles — percentage recovered 79 

Classification of offenses 3, 49-50, 53, 97-98 

Cleared by arrest, offenses 27-30, 35-36, 41 

By geographic divisions 41 

Crimes. {See Arrests, estimated number, offenses, persons charged, 

persons found guilty, and persons released.) 
Criminal repeaters. {See Arrests — recidivism.) 

Employees, number of police 17-26 

Fingerprint records 44-48, 86-96 

Monthly variations, offenses known to the police 61-64 

Offenses known to the police: 

Annual trends 8, 57-60 

Cities grouped by location 8-12, 65-69 

Cities grouped by location and size 10-12, 70 

Cities grouped by size 4-5, 55-56 

Cleared by arrests 27-30, 35-36, 41 

Cleared by arrest, by geographic divisions 41 

Divided as to time and place and value of property stolen 14-16, 78-81 

Individual cities over 100,000 in population 13-14 

Individual cities over 25,000 in population 71-78 

Monthly variations 61-64 

Rural areas 81 

Territories and possessions of the United States 81-82 

Persons charged (held for prosecution) 29-36 

By geographic divisions 40-43 

Persons found guilty 35-36 

Persons released (not held for prosecution) 38-40 

Police department employees 17-26 

Auxiliary police 20-26 

Possessions and Territories of the United States, offenses in 81-82 

Property, value stolen 15-16, 80 

Property, value stolen and recovered 81 

Prosecution, persons held for. {See Persons charged and persons found 
guilty.) 

(99) 



100 

Patte 
Race of offenders. {See Arrests.) 
Recidivism. (See Arrests.) 

Reporting area, extent of 54 

Rural crime data 81 

Sex of offenders. {See Arrests.) 

Sheriffs' reports 81 

State crime rates. {See Ofifenses known — cities grouped by location.) 

State police reports 81 

Territories and possessions of the United States, offenses in 81-82 

Trends, annual crime: 

Cities grouped by size . 8 

Cities grouped by location 57-60 

Value of property stolen ---_ 15-16, 80 

Value of property stolen and recovered 81 

Variations, monthly crime 61-64 

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