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Full text of "Uniform crime reports for the United States"

UNIFORM 

CRIME 
REPORTS 

FOR THE UNITED STATES 
AND ITS POSSESSIONS 




ISSUED BY THE 

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 




WASHINGTON, D. C 


Nun 

• 




Volume XXIII 
SEMIANNUAL BULLETIN 


nber 1 
1952 



/'^ ^"/z V'^' 



UNIFORM 
CRIME REPORTS 

FOR THE UNITED STATES 
AND ITS POSSESSIONS 



Volume XXIII— Number 1 
SEMIANNUAL BULLETIN, 1952 



Issued by the 

Federal Bureau of Investigation 

United States Department of Justice 

Washington, D. C. 




ADVISORY 



International Association of Chiefs of Police 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1952 



CONTENTS 



PclL,. 

Summary of volume XXIIi, No. 1 ]-_' 

Classification of offenses 1 

Crime trends: 

Estimated numljer of major crimes, January-June, 1951-52 (table 1). 3-1 

Urban crime trends, January-June, 1951-52 (table 2) 4 .") 

Rural crime trends, January- June, 1951-52 (table 3) 4-.") 

Crime rates: 

Urban crime rates, January-June, 1952 — cities divided according to 

population (table 4) 6-7 

Urban crime rates, January- June, 1952 — cities divided according to 

location (tables 5-7) 8-10 

Rural crime rates, January-June, 1952 (table 8) 11 

Offenses in individual areas: 

Offenses in cities with more than 25,000 inhabitants (table 9) 12-20 

Police employee data: 

Police employees killed, 1951 (table 10) 21 

Number of police employees per 1,000 inhabitants, April 30, 1952^ 

cities grouped by size and location (tables 11, 12) 21-24 

Police employees in individual cities, April 30, 1952 (tables 13, 14) 24-44 

Offenses cleared and persons arrested: 

Offenses cleared by arrest, 1951 — cities divided according to size 

(table 15) 45-48 

Offenses cleared by arrest, 1951 — cities divided according to location 

(table 16) 49 

Persons charged, 1951 — ^cities divided according to population (tables 

17, 18) 50-53 

Persons charged, 1951 — cities divided according to location (table 19) _ ^ 54-55 
Offenses known, offenses cleared, persons charged and persons found 

guilty, 1951^ — -part I offense classes (table 20) 56-58 

Persons charged and persons found guilty, part II offense classes 

(table 21) 59-60 

Persons released, 1951 — cities divided according to population 

(tables 22, 23) 61-63 

Data compiled from fingerprint cards: 

Sex distribution of persons arrested, January-June, 1952 (table 24) _ _ 64-65 
Age distribution of persons arrested, January-June, 1952 (tables 

25,26) 66-67 

Definition of part I and part II offense classifications 68-69 

(II) 



UNIFORM CRIME REPORTS 

J. Edgar Hoover, Director, Federal Bureau of Investrgation, U. S. Department of 
Justice, Washington, D. C. 

Volume XXIII JULY 1952 Number 1 

SUMMARY 

Estimated Number of Major Crimes, January-June 1952 

More than a million major crimes and a 6.4 percent nation-wide 
increase in crime was tallied up in the first 6 months of 1952. A 
continuation of this rate will bring well over 2 million serious crimes 
for the year. Killers increased their activities to slay 6,430 individuals 
in this country during the first 6 months of 1952. Over 50,000 
additional victims suft'ered felonious assaults while property of 29,190 
individuals was forcefidly taken from them by robbers. 
Crime Trends 

Substantial increases occurred in all crimes except rapes during 
the first half of 1952. Robberies jumped 13.8 percent throughout 
the nation while murder with the smallest gain was up 110 deaths or 
3.4 percent. Rapes decreased only Ko of 1 percent. City crimes 
increased 0.4 percent with increases in all classifications except rape. 
Rural crimes increased 6.6 percent with a decrease in murders only. 
Police Killed, 1951 

During the calendar year 1951, 64 police officers were killed in 
line of duty. This is a 77 .8 percent increase over 1950. 
Number of Police Employees, April 30, 1952 

Police increased in 1952 to 175 from the 170 per 100,000 inhabitants 
reported in 1951. These data are based on special reports of 3,565 
cities. 
Offenses Cleared by Arrest, 1951 

Police cleared 79 of each 100 crimes against the person in 1951 
by the arrest of 68 oft'enders. They arrested 19 persons for the 24 
crimes against property solved out of each 100 offenses. 
Persons Found Guilty, 1951 

Seventy-two percent of the persons arrested and formally charged 
by the police in 1951 were found guilty. A person was most likely 
to be convicted in 1951 if charged with violation of liquor laws and 
most likely to go free if charged with negligent manslaughter. 
Persons Arrested, January-June 1952 

The FBI examined 423,214 fingerprint arrest records during 
first half 1952 to obtain age, sex, race, and criminal history data. 

(1) 



Persons under 21 represented over 30 percent of the 95,600 persons 
arrested for crimes against property. Over 42 percent of the persons 
were arrested for major violations. Arrests of females increased 
from 41,944 to 42,799, or 2 percent. Male arrests reflected virtually 
no chanoje. 

CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENSES 

The term "offenses known to the police" is designed to include those | 
crimes designated as part I classes of the uniform classification occur- 
ring within the police jurisdiction, whether they become known to the 
police through reports of police officers, of citizens, of prosecuting or 
court officials, or otherwise. They are confined to the following group 
of seven classes of grave offenses, shown by experience to be those most 
generally and completely reported to the police: Criminal homicide, 
including (a) murder, nonnegligent manslaughter, and (6) manslaugh- 
ter by negligence ; rape ; robbery ; aggravated assault ; burglary — break- 
ing or entering ; larceny — theft ; and auto theft. The figures contained 
herein include also the number of attempted crimes of the designated 
classes. In other words, an attempted burglary or robbery, for ex- 
ample, is reported in the bulletin in the same manner as if the crime 
had been completed. Attempted murders, however, are reported as 
aggravated assaults. 

"Offenses known to the police" include, therefore, all of the above 
offenses, including attempts, which are reported by the law-enforce- 
ment agencies of contributing communities and not merely arrests or 
cleared cases. Offenses committed by juveniles are included in the 
same manner as those known to have been committed by adults, 
regardless of the prosecutive action. Complaints which upon inves- 
tigation are learned to be groundless are not included in the tabula- 
tions which follow. 

In publishing the data sent in by chiefs of polic? in different cities, 
the FBI does not vouch for their accuracy. They are given out as 
current information which may throw some liglit on problems of 
crime and criminal-law enforcement. 

In compiling the tal)les, returns which were ai)parently incomplete 
or otherwise defective were excluded. 

In the last section of this bulletin may be found brief definitions of 
part I and II ofiense classifications. 



i 



CRIME TREND" U.S. 

BASED ON THE ESTIMATED NUMBER OF MAJOR CRIMES 

Jdn."June 1951 vs. Jan.--June 1952 

PERCENT CHANGE 



TOTAL 


1 

9 
5 

1 

L 
E 
V 
E 
L 


^ 


1+6.4 


+13.8 


MURDER 


+3.4 










NEGLIGENT 
MANSLAUGHTER 




+ 7.7 


RAPE 0.1 






ROBBERY 








AGGRAVATED ASSAULT - 


+9.3 






BURGLARY 


+8.7 








LARCENY 




+4.8 








AUTOTHEFT 


+ 8.8 







FBI CHART 



Figure 1. 



CRIME TRENDS 

Estimated Number of Major Crimes, January-June 1951—52 

More than a million major crimes in one-half year resulted from 
the 6.4 percent nation-wide increase in crime during the first half of 
1952 as compared with the same period in 1951. With a continuation 
of the present trend, well over 2 million major crimes will occur in 
1952. 

All crimes except rapes reflected substantial increases. Offenses of 
rape reflected a very slight decrease of Ko of 1 percent. Mui'ders in- 
ci-eased 3.4 percent and negligent manslaughters (principally traffic 
killings) mcreased 7.7 percent. The remaining crime against the 
pei'son, aggravated assault, increased 9.3 percent. 

The greatest increase occurred in the crimes having property as 
their object, with robberies jumping 13.8 percent over the 1951 semi- 
annual figures. Bmglaries increased 8.7 percent and auto thieves 
stole 107,120 automobiles, 8,700 or 8.8 percent more than were taken 
m the same period of 1951. Other thefts increased 4.8 percent. 

The estimated major crime figures for the first 6 months of 1951-52 
are presented below. This estimate of major crime is considered 
conservative because other important crimes such as arson, embezzle- 
ment, carrying concealed weapons, and others are not included. 



Table 1.— CRIME TRENDS, URBAN AND RURAL 

[Estimated number of major crimes in the United States January-June 1951-52] 



Offense 


Number of offenses 
January-June 


Change 




1951 


1952 


Number 


Percent 


TOTAI 


960, 600 


1, 022, 200 


+61, 600 


+6.4 






3.260 
2, 840 
8, .330 
25. 650 

38, 520 
206, 930 
576, 650 

98,420 


3. 370 
3,060 
8,320 
29, 190 

42. 090 
224, 840 
604, 210 
107, 120 


+110 

+220 

-10 

+3, 540 

+3, 570 
+ 17.910 
+27, .5(K) 

+8, 700 


+3.4 




+7.7 


Rape..- 




Robbery ... 


+ 13 8 




+9.3 


Burglary — breaking or entering 


+8.7 




+4.8 


Autotheft 


+8.8 




^ 



Urban and rural crime trends are presented separately in the 
following tables. Murders were up 10.2 percent in cities but de- 
creased 7.3 percent in rural areas. The upswing in robberies was 
rather evenly distributed, the cities experienced a 14 percent increase 
while rural areas reflected an increase of almost 13 percent. 

Offenses of rape increased 3.6 percent in rural areas but decreased 
2.8 percent in cities. With the exceptions of the murder and rape 
classifications, all crimes increased in l)oth the cities and the country. 

(4) 



Table 2.— URBAN CRIIVIE TRENDS, JANUARY-JUNE 1951-1952 

[Offenses known to the police in 2,436 cities, total population 65,822,524, based on 1960 decennial census] 



Murder and iionnegligent manslaughter. 

Manslaughter by negligence 

Rapc- 



Robbery 

Aggravated assault- 
Burglary 

Larceny 

Autotheft 



Number of offenses 
January -June 



521, 154 



1,486 

957 

3,651 

15, 659 

22, 444 
115,061 
304, 562 

57, 334 



24, 837 
125, 747 
317, 100 

62, 560 



Change 
Number Percent 



+33, 175 



+ 151 

+88 

-102 

+2, 195 

+2, 393 
f 10. 686 
f 12, 538 

+5, 226 



+6.4 



+ 10.2 

•+9.2 

-2.8 

+ 14.0 

+10.7 
+9.3 
+4.1 
+9.1 



Table 3.— RURAL CRIME TRENDS, JANUARY-JUNE 1951-52 

[Based on reports of 1,646 sheriffs, 96 rural village officers, and 11 State police; total rural population 
43,422,431, based on the 1950 decennial census] 



Offense 


Number of offenses 
January-June 


Percent 
change 




1951 


1952 




TOTAL 


98,556 


105,100 


+6.6 








932 

932 

2,040 

2,761 

5,718 
31,490 
44, 840 

9,843 


864 

992 

2.114 

3, 116 

5,9.53 
33, 636 
47, 796 
10, 629 




Manslaughter by negligence 


+6 4 


Rape 


+3 6 










Burglary — breaking or entering 


+6 8 




+6.6 











CRIME RATES 

Urban Crime Rates, January June 1952 

The largest cities had the highest incidence of crime in all classi- 
fications except negligent manslaughter and larceny during the first 
6 months of 1952. The latter 2 crimes wore higher per unit of popu- 
lation in the second largest cities, 100,000 to 250,000 inhabitants. 
Cities with 50,000 to 100,000 inhabitants were second in the incidence 
of aggravated assaults. 

The 2 smallest city groups were consistent in all crime classes in 
that Group V cities (10,000-25,000 inhabitants) were m fifth place 
and Group VI (less than 10,000 inhabitants) were in sixth place. 

Crime rates are the raw figures reported by contributors converted 
to the number of oftenses per 100,000 inhabitants. Crime rates 
afford a ready means for comparing crime experience in cities arranged 
by size as well as by geographic location. The crime rates for the j 
first half of 1952 are based on reports from 2,636 cities havmg a com- 
bined population of 68,461,360, over three-fourths of the urban 
population in the United States. 

Crime rates for the first half of 1 952 arranged geographically reflect 
that murder occurred with greater frequency in the East South 
Central States with the South Atlantic States having the highest 
rates of aggravated assault. New England was low in murders, 
robberies, and serious assaults, but was higher than the Middle 
Atlantic States in burglary, larceny, and auto thefts per unit of 
population. 

The Pacific States were high in crimes against property (robbery, 
burglary, larceny, and auto theft), but were at midpoint in murders. 

Crime rates are also set forth for each State in order that studies 
may be made within geographic divisions. 

(6) 



Table 4.— URBAN CRIME RATES, JANUARY-JUNE 1952, BY POPU- 
LATION GROUPS 

[Offenses known to the police and rate per 100,000 inhabitants. Population figures based on 1950 decennial 

census] 



Population 



TOTAL, GROUPS I-VI 

2,636 cities; total population, 
68,481,360: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 

OROTP I 

38 cities over 250,000; total popula- 
tion, 24,570,376: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 

(5R0T'P II 

6a cities, 100,000 to 250,000; total pop- 
ulation, 9,226,775: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 

GROUP III 

118 cities, 50,000 to 100,000; total pop- 
ulation, 8,395,026: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 

OROUP IV 

226 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; total popu- 
lation, 7,924,542: 

Number of ofTenses known 

Rate per 100,000 

GROUP V 

647 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; total popu- 
lation, 9,980,169: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 

GROUP VI 

1,544 cities under 10,000; total popu- 
lation, 8,364,472: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000.. 



Criminal 


homicide 


Mur- 




der, 


Man- 


nonneg- 


slaugh- 


ligent 


ter by 


man- 


negli- 


slaugh- 


gence 


ter 





1,672 
2.44 



824 
3.35 



1,073 
1.57 



514 
2.09 



200 
2.17 



120 
1.51 



67 
0.67 



Rape 



2,145 
8.73 



419 

4.54 



305 
3.63 



266 
3.36 



283 
2.84 



Rob- 
bery 



18, 240 
26.6 



Aggra- 
vated 



25, 470 
37.2 



12,464 
50.7 



2.142 
23.2 



1,343 
16.0 



3,278 
35.5 



3,148 
37.5 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



129, 546 
189.2 



58, 251 
237.1 



14,766 
175.9 



13, 369 
134.0 



8,923 
106.7 



327, 409 
478.2 



131, 575 
635.5 



41,410 
414.9 



21,215 
253.6 



5,174 
61.8 



3,105 
37.1 



220524—52 2 



Table 5.— URBAN CRIME RATES, JANUARY-JUNE 1952, BY GEO- 
GRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND STATES 
[OlTeuses known per 100,000 inhabitants. Population based on 1950 decennial census] 



Division and State 



New England, 



Connecticut-. 

RTainc 

M:iss:icliilsottf 

K.^W Il:,Il,|isll 
KImM.' M:in.l 
\-criMuiil 



Middle Atlantic 

New Ji^rsey 

New ■^'ork 

Pennsylvania.. 

East North Central, 



Illinois... - 

Indiana - 

Michigan 

Ohio 

Wisconsin 

West North Central. 



lovi'a 

Kansas 

Minnesota 

Missouri 

Nebraska 

North Dakota- 
South Dakota- 
South Atlantic ' 



Delaware 

Florida-- 

Georgia.- 

Maryland 

North Carolina - 
South Carolina. 

Virginia 

West Virginia... 
t South Central... 



Alabama 

Kentucky.. 
Mississippi- 
Tennessee-- 



West South Central- 
Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texiis 

Mountain 



Arizona 

Colorado 

Idaho --- 

Montana 

Nevada 

New Mexico. 

Utah 

Wyoming 

Pacific.-- -.. 



California-... 

Oregon 

Washington. 



Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Robbery 



1.91 
.93 
1.60 



.61 
1.38 

.53 
3.39 



14.7 
5.7 
14.0 
36.5 



62.5 
22.8 
36.7 
21.7 
5.0 
21.5 



Aggra- 
vated 



11.3 
3.2 
5.0 



11.1 
32.4 



24.5 
52.2 
20.0 
G. 1 
27.1 



6.0 
17.0 
16.5 
43.5 
8.3 
3.1 
3.2 
27.2 



20.8 
25.7 
21.7 
32.5 
14.2 
10.7 
38.7 



17.2 
49.0 
8.0 
24.8 



20.7 
26.3 
14.9 
21.1 
27.1 



45.9 

11^3 
14.7 
57.9 
18.5 
14.2 
13.8 
43.4 



46.7 
16.0 
40.1 



19.0 
3.5 
71.8 
11.0 
1.9 

112.7 



Burg- 
lary — 
breaking 
or enter- 
ing 



134.5 



163.8 
100. 5 
122. 1 

77.6 
221.0 

87.0 
123.7 



185. 
99.2 
101.8 
163.8 



168.7 
200.1 
202.5 
149.3 
62.9 
155.8 



16.8 
51.2 

106.6 
52.6 

184.2 
62.2 

131.3 
2014 
50.7 



60^1 
46.4 



54.7 
41.2 
21.8 
44.4 
17.5 



41.3 
17.3 
12.3 



14.6 
34.0 



40.2 
13.2 
10.6 



100.0 
188.9 
128.0 
213. 2 
123. 7 
84.6 
126. 6 
243.9 



348.4 
333.4 



208.7 
20iD.9 
251. 7 
114.3 
217.1 



197.8 
304.7 
134.1 
208.4 
241.5 



179.6 
14.5. 



274.6 
266.6 



434.4 
310.3 
209.0 
166. 1 
379. 1 
180.7 
235. 2 
141. 1 
271.9 



275. 7 
271.6 
250.3 



1 Includes the District of Columbia. 



Table 6.— URBAN CRIME RATES, JANUARY-JUNE 1952, BY 
GRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND POPULATION GROUPS 

[Offenses known per 100,000 inhabitants. Population based on 1950 decennial census] 



Division and group 



GEO- 



New England. 



<!roup I 

(Jroup II_-. 
(iroup III.. 
Group IV. __ 

Group V 

Group VI. _. 
Middle Atlantic. 



Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

GrouD IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

East North Central . 

Group I 

Group II 

(iroup III 

Group IV 

(iroup V 

Group VI 

West North Central, 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

South Atlantic 1 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

East South Central.. 
Group I. 



Group II _. 
Group III- 
Group IV. 
Group v.. 
Group VL 



West South Central. 

Group I 

Group II 

Group HI 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

Mountain 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

Pacific 



Group I-_ 
Group II.. 
Group HI. 
Group IV. 
Group v.. 
Group VL 



Murder, 






Burg- 






nonneg- 




Aggra- 


lary- 


Lar- 


Auto 
theft 


ligent 


Robbery 


vated 


breaking 


ceny- 


man- 




assault 


or enter- 


theft 


slaughter 






ing 






2.44 


26.6 


37.2 


189.2 


478.2 


93.8 


.60 


7.3 


6.0 


134. 5 


307.9 


61.5 


.87 


12.7 


12.2 


84.8 


266. 8 


12.5. 6 


. 72 


9.1 


7.2 


170.4 


341.2 


76.6 


.65 


6.1 


3.6 


136.7 


331.4 


44.5 


.35 


3.0 


4.4 


139.3 


3.55. 4 


37.6 




4.4 
.5.3 


2.8 
2.2 


96.9 
118.8 


216.5 
207.2 


20.6 


.93 


23.6 


1.07 


11.2 


14.8 


123.7 


244.7 


61.1 


1.97 


27.6 


30.2 


186.7 


2.53. 3 


118.0 


1. 39 


10.3 


1.5.1 


142.2 


300.8 


68.7 


. 72 


11.0 


18.8 


141.4 


257. 8 


63.4 


.49 


4.0 


10.0 


113. 5 


288.3 


.50.8 


1.08 


6.2 


7.7 


86.4 


236.8 


37.9 


.54 


5.3 


6.8 


78.9 


165.5 


27.2 


2.05 


36.5 


32.4 


163.8 


454. 6 


83.4 


3.05 


62.8 


51.7 


194. 5 


485. 8 


110.0 


2.48 


23.7 


34.3 


206. 7 


560. 9 


87.5 


1. 56 


18.3 


26.6 


1.53. 1 


491. 


76.5 


1. 14 


11.1 


8.9 


130.4 


460. 5 


62.9 


.78 


7.4 


7.5 


117.0 


418.3 


45.0 


.20 


8.0 


5.2 


95.8 


232.7 


34.6 


1.60 


21.5 


27.1 


155.8 


426.7 


73.4 


2. 96 


4.3.6 


59.9 


21,5. 5 


476. 6 


113.1 


2.24 


19.5 


2.3.3 


230.7 


606.1 


101.3 


.45 


12.4 


10.6 


123.7 


517. 2 


60.9 


.17 


6.9 


3.8 


94.3 


432. 8 


48.6 


.57 


3.4 


3.1 


109.9 


398.8 


39.6 


.74 


4.6 


3.0 


81.3 


188.6 


24.8 


5. 34 


27.2 


112.7 


243.9 


517.5 


126. 5 


6.05 


43.4 


1.56.1 


263. 5 


549.8 


199.2 


7.37 


45.7 


106.8 


344.9 


718. 5 


173.9 


4.78 


17.8 


117.8 


230.2 


.502. 1 


95.8 


3.95 


13.0 


77.6 


225. 4 


565. 6 


87.5 


3.84 


8.7 


92.3 


196.2 


399.4 


59.9 


4.76 


11.2 


69.5 


138.9 


231.3 


43.5 


6.21 


25.8 


50.7 


217. 1 


356.5 


100.0 


5.41 


42. 2 


44.4 


278.4 


417.7 


149.4 


9.46 


32.1 


,58.0 


275. 4 


432.8 


127.2 


6.20 


22.3 


59.9 


216. 1 


429.6 


76.3 


5. 10 


12.0 


79.2 


145. 6 


375.7 




6. .34 


8.5 


41.3 


162.8 


243.3 


54.0 


4.16 


8.3 


28.2 


98.7 


125.1 


26.7 


4. .57 
6.64 


20.9 


40.9 


241.5 


5.58. 4 


119.5 


33.7 


50.0 


320.8 


6.53. 4 


174.7 


3.22 


21.6 


39.9 


304.8 


748. 9 


120.7 


2.39 


11.2 


61.7 


195. 7 


673.4 


128. 4 


4. .34 


17.1 


34.2 


191.7 


510. 6 


91.0 


3. 13 


5.2 


26.8 




309.0 


45.7 


3.20 


5.9 


16.7 


93.9 


186.2 


31.3 


1.43 


27.1 


17.5 


266. 6 


786.0 


119.7 


1.20 


55.6 


2.5.7 


413.2 


777.1 


129.6 


2.08 


35.0 


13.8 


.384. 5 


1, 080. 5 


195.5 


1.38 


29.9 


18.4 


246.3 


823.5 


168.2 


2.13 


26.4 


26.7 


235. 6 


1, 074. 5 


154.2 


1.07 


7.2 


7.7 


153.3 


630.9 


69.0 


1.01 


13.1 


12.7 


192.9 


504.8 


58.1 


1.62 


43.4 


34.0 


271.9 


843.2 


137.9 


2.02 


61.3 


52.4 


300.8 


776.9 


160.8 


1.36 


37.5 


1.3.5 


245. 1 


996.9 


126.6 


.52 


3a 8 


18.5 


266. 


924.3 


118.2 


1.92 


21.6 


14.3 


263.5 


971.1 


114.5 


1.03 


17.7 


10.6 


230.3 


908.7 


105. 4 


1.04 


11.8 


11.3 


183. 6 


766.4 


98.6 



' Includes the District of Columbia. 



10 



Table 7.— NUMBER OF CITIES IN EACH POPULATION GROUP, GEO- 
GRAPHIC DIVISION, AND STATE REPRESENTED IN THE URBAN 
CRIME RATE TABULATIONS FOR JANUARY-JUNE 1952 (TABLES 4-6) 





Total 




Population group 






Division and State 


Over 

250,000 


100,000 

to 
250,000 


50,000 

to 
100,000 


25,000 

to 
50,000 


10,000 

to 
25,000 


Less 
than 
10,000 


TOTAI: 

Popul;ition, 68,401,360..— 


2,636 


38 


83 


118 


226 


647 


1.544 


New England: 

Population, 5,349,700 


144 


1 


11 


15 


23 


37 


57 


Connecticut 


21 
22 
63 
15 
8 
12 

592 




4 


1 
1 
10 
1 
2 


5 
2 

2 
2 

1 

35 


8 
16 
5 
2 

1 

135 


„ 






. . 


MiissiirliiiscttS 

.\i'\s lliiiip^hire 


1 


6 


'■• 


];li,i,|,. Isl 111(1 




1 


. 






10 
384 


Middle Atlantic: 

Popubition, 10,535,194 


4 


12 


22 




145 
185 
262 

625 


1 
2 
1 

9 


4 
4 

4 

10 


8 
6 

8 

30 


14 
10 

63 


37 
42 
56 

147 


81 






Pennsylvania 


ivv 


East North Central : 










168 
85 
120 
165 

87 

325 


1 
1 

i 

5 


4 
2 
3 


9 
4 
7 
6 

4 

9 


14 
9 
9 
19 
12 

18 


41 
18 
32 
41 
15 

71 






44 




6'! 








rr 


West North Central : 


4 










59 
76 
56 
30 
12 

270 




1 
2 


4 


2 
3 
3 


10 
20 
14 
13 
7 
3 
4 

61 




Kansas - - 




■{ 1 




2 
2 


i-.i; 




2 








•'1 






2 
29 


■, 








18 




South Atlantic : 

Popiilition 7 432 646 


3 


7 


152 






Delaware 


4 
1 
50 
35 
19 
58 
29 
42 

125 




1 








3 




1 












2 

1 


2 
3 


8 
14 


8 
7 
16 

9 

5 

29 


0- 




1 


IS 








1 


5 
3 
3 
2 

4 




South Carolina 




•^11 






2 




West Virginia 




■'1 


East South Central : 


3 


5 










37 
33 
24 
31 

188 


1 


2 


1 
2 


11 


11 
6 
6 
6 

58 


,,, 






M ississippi 




1 1 




1 
5 


3 
7 




West South Central: 

Population 5 727,110 


7 


100 








22 
22 
43 
101 

133 




3 
2 




11 


6 
4 
16 
32 

24 




Louisiana 


1 




1 t 










4 

1 


7 
3 


M 


Mountain: 

Population, 2,168,429 


92 






Arizona 


13 
29 
22 
16 

5 
18 
20 
10 

234 




1 




22 


7 
6 
3 


U) 




1 


1 


in 


Idaho 






Montana 








10 


Nevada 








4 


New Mexico 






} 


2 

4 
85 


14 


Utah 




1 


16 






5 


Pacific: 

Population, 8,598,501 


7 


5 


10 


105 






California 


166 
29 
39 


5 


3 


10 


15 
2 
5 


67 
8 
10 


66 




18 


Washington 


1 


2 




21 



■ 11 

Rural Crime Rates, January-June 1952 

The number of offenses reported by law enforcement officers 
policing rural areas together with the rate per fOO,000 inhabitants, is 
based on reports received from 1 ,854 sheriffs, 200 rural village officers, 
and 13 vState police organizations. A rural population of 48,132,984 
is represented in the rural crime data. 

A comparison of the rural crime rate tabulations with those for 
urban areas will reflect that for crimes against the person the rural 
rates to a large extent will compare favorably with, and in many 
instances exceed, those for the urban areas whereas for crimes against 
property the rates are generally lower for the rural areas. 

In this connection, it should be observed that in some instances it is 
found that the monthly reports purporting to reflect offenses known 
submitted by rural police agencies are limited to cases in which arrests 
were made. Despite a screening process it is likely that some reports 
compiled in this fashion were included in the tabulations for the rural 
areas and, generally speaking, any incompleteness thus created in the 
data would be most pronounced in the more frequently committed 
crimes against property where the proportion followed by arrests is 
lower in comparison with the generally more serious crimes against 
persons. 



Table 8.— RURAL CRIME RATES, JANUARY-JUNE 1952 

[OfEenses known and rate per 100.000 inhabitants, as reported by 1,854 sheriffs, 200 rural village officers, and 
13 State police; total rural population 48,132,984, based on 1950 decennial census] 



Offense 


Offenses known 


Number 


Rate 




1,085 
1,139 
2, 4C6 
3,635 

7.375 
39, 531 
57, 432 
12, 978 


2.25 


Manslaughter by negligence 


2.37 




5. 12 




7.6 




15.3 




82 1 


Larceny-theft 


119.3 




27.0 







12 

OFFENSES IN INDIVIDUAL AREAS 

Offenses in Individual Cities With More Than 25,000 Inhabitants 

The number of offenses reported as having been committed during 
the period of January-June, 1952, is shown in table 9. The com- 
pilation includes the reports received from police departments in 
cities with more than 25,000 inhabitants. Police administrators and 
other interested individuals will probably find it desirable to compare 
the crime rates of their cities with the average rates shown in tables 
4, 5, and 6 of this publication. Similarly, they will doubtless desire 
to make comparisons with the figures for their communities for prior 
periods, in order to determine whether there has been an hicrease or 
a decrease in the amount of crime committed. 

Caution should be exercised in comparing crime data for individual 
cities because the differences in the figures may be due to a variety of 
factors. Such comparisons are not desirable even though the figures 
for individual communities are converted into terms of the number of 
offenses per 100,000 inhabitants. 

The following is a list of some of the factors which affect the amount 
of crime in the community: 

Population of the city and metropolitan area adjacent thereto. 

The composition of the population with reference particularly to 
age, sex, and race. 

The economic status and activities of the population. 

Climate. 

Educational, recreational, and religious facilities. 

The number of police employees per unit of population. 

The standards governing appointments to the police force. 

The policies of the prosecuting officials and the courts. 

The attitude of the public toward law-enforcement problems. 

The degree of efficiency of the local law-enforcement agency. 

The figures presented in the following tabulation are those reported 
by the individual police departments in the cities represented without 
reducing the data to crime rates (number of offenses per 100,000 
inhabitants) . 

In considering the volume of crime committed locally, it is generally 
more important to determine whether the figures for a given com- 
munity show increases or decreases rather than to ascertain whether 
they exceed or fall short of those for some other individual communit}^ 
and it should be remembered that the amount of crime committed in a 
community is not solely chargeable to the police but is rather a charge 
against the entire community. 

In publishing these figures the F. B. I. acts as a service agency. The 
figures published are those submitted by the contributing agencies. 



13 

( Table 9.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, 
JANUARY-JUNE 1952, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION 

[Based on 1950 decennial census. Included in this listing are communities classified as urban places under 
either the 1940 or 1950 census] 



City 



Abilene, Tex 

Abington. Pa.. 

Akron, Ohio 

Alameda, Calif- 
Albany, Ga 



Albany, N. Y 

Albuquerque, N. M_ 
Alexandria. La, _ ___ 

Alexandria, \'a 

Alhambra. Calif 



Aliquippa, Pa. 
Allentown, Pa. 
Alliance. Ohio. 

Alton, 111 

Altoona, Pa 



Amarillo, Tex 

Anisterdani, N. Y. 

Anderson, Ind 

Ann .\rbor, Mich- 
Anniston, Ala 



Appleton, Wis.. 
Arlington. Mass. 

Arlington, Va 

Asheville, N. C. 
Ashland, Ky 



Athens, Ga 

Atlanta, Ga 

Atlantic City, N. J. 

Auburn, N. Y 

Augusta, Ga 



Aurora, 111 

Austin, Tex 

Bakcrsfield, Calif. 

Baltimore, Md 

Bangor, Maine 



Barberton, Ohio 

Baton Rouge, La.... 
Battle Creek, Mich. 

Bay City, Mich 

Bayonne, N. J 



Beaumont, Tex 

Belleville, 111 

Belleville, N.J .... 
Bellingham-, Wash. 
Belmont, Mass 



Beioit, Wis 

Belvedere, Calif. 
Berkeley, Calif.. 

Berwyn, 111 

Bessemer, Ala... 



Bethlehem, Pa 

Beverly, Mass 

Beverly n ills, Calif. 

Billings, Mont 

Biloxi, Miss 



Binghamton, N. Y. 
Birmingham, Ala.. 
Bloomfield, N. J... 
Bloomington, 111... 
Bloomington, Ind.. 



Murder, 
n on neg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



Rob- 
bery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Burgla 



mgor 
enter- 
ing 



Larceny-theft 



Over I Under 

$50 ] $50 



Auto 
theft 



Only 5 months received 



1 


25 


14 


13 


54 


528 


205 


1,278 


2 


37 


21 


303 


20 


38 


25 


56 


22 


96 


75 


213 


18 


252 


56 


458 



Only 5 months received 
145 
5 



151 


102 


434 


157 


92 


260 


23 


13 


52 


93 


91 


243 


83 


10 


99 


61 


22 


150 


60 


25 


165 


145 


136 


601 


11 


9 


21 


46 


19 


228 


60 


78 


155 


44 


43 


180 


23 


7 


179 


37 


15 


31 


197 


173 


388 


76 


99 


221 



No reports received 



44 


15 


41 


1.057 


811 


1.983 


193 


179 


178 


26 


19 


72 


109 


39 


110 


34 


43 


77 


275 


91 


9.54 


226 


143 


442 


1,724 


1,194 


1,744 


41 


21 


116 


24 


21 


83 


189 


94 


217 


89 


71 


286 


48 


26 


216 


71 


50 


165 


214 


69 


534 


19 


19 


67 



16 
59 
No reports received 



3 
1 

3 
22 
29 




21 
47 

45 
233 
253 


29 
6 

22 
70 
93 


28 

145 

308 
618 




2 
47 
24 



Only 4 months received 
I 33 I 57 I 16 I 

Only 5 months received 

-I I 11 I 15 I 

No reports received 



7 


4 


9 


16 


2 


J 


91 


180 


3 


1 


2 




3 


i 



112 


137 


307 


73 


50 


210 


78 


65 


312 


793 


443 


665 


37 


29 


114 


44 


41 


111 


47 


25 


121 



14 

Table 9.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, 
JANUARY-JUNE 1952, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Con. 



City 



Boise, Idaho 

Boston, Mass 

Bremerton, Wash. 
Bridgeport, Conn. 
Bristol, Conn 



Brockton, Mass.. 
Brookline, Mass.. 
Brownsville, Tex. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Burbank, Calif... 



Burlington, Iowa.. 

Burlington, Vt 

Butte, Mont 

Cambridge, Mass. 
Caniden, N. J 



Canton, Ohio 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

Champaign, 111 

Charleston, S. C 

Charleston, W. Va... 



Charlotte, N. C 

Charlottesville, Va.. 
Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Chelsea, Mass 

Chester, Pa 



Cheyenne, Wyo.. 

Chicago, 111 

Chicopee, Mass.. 

Cicero, 111 

Cincinnati, Ohio. 



Clarksburg, W. Va 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Cleveland Heights, Ohio. 

Clifton, N.J 

Clinton, Iowa 



Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Columbia, Mo 

Columbia, S. C 

Columbus, Ga 

Columbus, Ohio 



Compton, Calif 

Concord, N. H._ 

Corpus Christi, Tex.. 
Council Bluffs, Iowa. 
Covington, Ky 



Cranston, R. I 

Cumberland, Md 

Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio. 
Dallas, Tex 

Danville, III. 



Danville, Va 

Davenport, Iowa 

Dayton, Ohio 

Daytona Beach, Fla. 
Dearborn, Mich 



Decfitur, III 

Denver, Colo 

Des Moines, Iowa. 

Detroit, Mich 

Duhu(4ue, Iowa... 



Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



Rob- 
bery 



2 
10 
34 

10 
1 

GO 
7 

23 

5 
3,332 

26 
168 



231 

25 

1,229 



27 



Burgla- 
ry- 
break - 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



Larceny-theft 



Over 

$50 



7 36 27 

2,004 7,148 5,456 

No reports received 

39 

180 



Only 1 month received 

85 
18 
90 

6 

6 
48 



137 


67 


125 


706 


569 


1,360 


17 


14 


24 


1,148 


552 


5,246 


58 


16 


134 


60 


54 


94 


15 


21 


117 


41 


52 


375 



222 


194 


467 


210 


80 


198 


895 


734 


1, 552 


217 


147 


353 


20 


20 


64 


395 


198 


686 


41 


52 


153 


146 


74 


256 


51 


4.3 


105 


36 


18 


84 


32 


19 


48 


2,126 


493 


4,387 


36 


41 


57 


109 


99 


221 


105 


65 


401 


363 


202 


1,131 


76 


81 


148 


169 


155 


883 


129 


38 


326 


1,718 


876 


2,355 


402 


238 


657 


4,683 


1,519 


11,552 


22 


23 


116 



See footnote at end of table. 



15 

Table 9.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, 
JANUARY-JUNE 1952, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Con. 





Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burgla- 
ry— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 


Larceny-theft 




City 


Over 

$50 


Under 
$50 


Auto 
theft 




1 
8" 


12 
10 
16 
4 




114 
130 

85 
58 
52 

193 
31 

183 
24 
44 

475 
21 

256 
48 
82 

20 
31 
153 

22 
57 

72 

78 
61 
31 

145 
26 
96 
31 

57 

370 
33 


99 
90 
73 

7 
33 

92 
19 
49 
13 

24 

213 
10 
134 

35 
48 

10 
27 
73 

5 
72 

129 
203 
49 

28 

73 
37 
36 
32 

47 

266 
18 


544 
266 
207 
130 

78 

131 
89 

213 
72 
94 

916 
65 

261 
82 

171 

58 
221 
335 
140 
338 

319 
621 
106 
300 
26 

319 
143 
233 
91 
153 

834 
155 

206 

446 

2,080 

15 

790 

67 

146 

81 

53 
589 

521 

142 

1,009 

59 

175 
78 

291 
64 

283 

32 

56 
118 

90 
192 

370 
166 
186 
509 
46 


64 


Piirliani, N. C 


226 
16 


47 
65 


East Cleveland, Ohio 


6 








13 




1 


9 
103 


5 

2 

194 


2S 


East Providence R. I 


7 


East St. Louis, 111 


9 


115 


Easton, Pa 


27 


Eau Claire, Wis 




2 

43 

1 
20 
3 

2 
2 
11 
3 
5 

9 
34 
2 
3 
3 

3 
4 
15 
5 
1 

35 




10 


El Paso, Tex 


4 


38 
4 
15 


234 


Elgin 111 


9 


Elizabeth, N. J 

Elkhart, Ind 


3 


114 
30 


Ehnira, N. Y 

Elyria, Ohio 


1 




30 
6 


Enid, Okla 




20 


Erie, Pa 


1 


25 


105 


Euclid, Ohio 




Eugene, Oreg 




11 

. 21 
23 

2 
12 

4 


44 






37 


Evansville, Ind 


5 


207 




14 






37 


Fairmont, W. Va 




22 


Fall River, Mass 




47 


Fargo, N Dak 




19 


Fayetteville, N. C 

Ferndale, Mich 


1 
1 


19 

1 


87 
21 




8 


Flint Mich 


1 


116 


117 




12 


Fort Dodge, Iowa 


2 1 10 


No re 


norts received 






3 1 155 1 139 
No reDorts received 


46 


Fort Smith, Ark 






1 
30 
1 


13 

74 
2 

57 


16 
67 

46 
42 

17 
4 


974 

326 
80 

74 
31 


153 
233 
9 
198 
28 

38 
18 
ived 

15 
296 

120 
ived 

23 
112 
11 

60 
19 

134 
47 

131 

11 
27 
28 
48 
63 

134 

84 
99 
263 
11 


94 


Fort Worth, Tex 


433 




11 




191 




3 


37 




2 
6 

1 
69 

20 


24 


Galesburg, 111 




19 










Garfield, N. J 


2 
116 

2 


42 

308 

223 


18 


Gary Ind 


10 


191 


Glendale, Calif 


101 












1 
14 


28 
381 
45 

28 
35 

222 
25 

227 

30 
49 
90 
30 
106 

150 
57 
228 
412 


g 


Grand Rapids, Mich 





25 

4 

2 

1 
19 

1 
12 


125 






18 


Great Falls, Mont 




36 


Green Bay, Wis 




15 


Greensboro, N C 


3 

1 
3 


220 
10 
24 


64 




4 


Greenville, S. C 


118 

7 


Hackensack, N. J 




5 

1 

10 

9 
20 
38 

1 


9 


18 






11 








15 


Hamilton, Ohio 


^ 


24 

5 

19 
17 
35 

8 


67 


Hammond, Ind 


76 


Hamtramck Mich 




51 






50 


Hartford, Conn 


3 
3 


160 


Hatticsburg, Miss 


9 



21i0.524— 52 S 



16 

Table 9.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, 
JANUARY-JUNE 1952, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Con 



City 



Haverford, Pa 

Haverhill, Mass.. 

Hazleton, Pa 

Hempstead, N. Y. 
High Point, N. C. 



Highland Park, Mich. 
Hoboken, N.J 

Holvnke, Mass 

Honolulu, T. H 

Hot Springs, Ark 



Houston, Tex 

Huntington, W. Va 

Huntington Park, Calif. 

Hutchinson, Kans 

Independence, Mo 



Indianapolis, Ind.. 
Inglewood, Calif... 
Iowa City, Iowa. . . 
Irondequoit, N. Y. 
Irvington, N. J 



Ithaca, N. Y... 
Jackson, Mich, 
Jackson, Miss . 
Jackson, Tenn. 
Jacksonville, Fl 



Jamestown, N. Y... 
Jefferson City, Mo_. 

Jersey City, N. J 

Johnson City, Tenn. 
Johnstown, Pa 



Joliet.Hl 

Joplin, Mo 

Kalamazoo, Mich. 

Kankakee, 111 

Kannapolis, N. C. 



Kansas City, Kans. 
Kansas City, Mo... 

Kearney, N. J 

Kenosha, Wis 

Key West, Fla 



Kingston, N. Y.. 
Knoxville, Tenn. 

Kokomo, Ind 

La Crosse, Wis... 
La Orange, Oa... 



Lackawanna, N. Y. 

Lafayette, Ind 

Lafayette, La 

Lake Charles, La. . . 
Lakeland, Fla 



Lakewood, Ohio. 

Lancaster, Pa 

Lansing, Mich... 

Laredo, Tex. 

Laurel, Miss 



Lawrence, Mass.. 

Lawton, Okla 

Lebanon, Pa 

Lewiston, Maine. 
Lexington, Ky... 



Lima, Ohio.. 

Lincoln, Nebr 

Lincoln Park, Mich. 
Linden, N. J. 
Ldttle Rock, Ark. 



Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



Rob- 
bery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Burgla- 
ry— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



92 



84 



7 14 123 

2 25 65 

1 2 52 

Only 5 months received 
10 



Larceny-theft 


Over 


Under 


$50 


$50 


22 


60 


33 


91 


9 


37 


32 


60 


32 


85 


104 


350 


27 


27 


35 


94 



110 



19 


29 


39 


2,202 


715 


2,665 


79 


52 


155 


103 


105 


258 


70 


19 


190 


79 


45 


148 


1 336 


820 


1,782 


179 


161 


292 


13 


19 


60 


23 


2 




169 


34 


110 


54 


33 


56 


86 


78 


304 


106 


52 


267 


54 


29 


68 


763 


658 


1,207 


44 


28 


62 


10 


19 


53 


418 


154 


390 


60 


15 


66 


37 


40 


130 


38 


28 


139 



No reports received 



9 
5 


6 

1 


42 

239 

2 

3 


42 

246 

1 



1.34 


90 


386 


32 


17 


59 


18 


12 


52 


303 


119 


550 


998 


910 


1,363 


36 


28 


59 


51 


29 


135 



No reports received 



2 


2 


13 


26 


91 


34 


75 1 305 1 177 
Only 5 months received 


289 






45 


31 


245 


2 


4 


38 


22 


60 


2 


16 


31 


20 


38 


1 


9 


66 


42 


250 



No reports received 



No reports revived 
1 27 17 

55 260 117 



'4"! 29 I 



No reports received 
3 1 68 I 

12 I 335 I 



(') I 



14 


68 


46 


135 


15 


116 


114 


105 


2 


66 


24 


149 


22 


46 


29 


185 


5 


119 


55 


344 


6 


54 


26 


78 


1 


46 


12 


41 


4 


110 


22 


136 


18 


93 


56 


180 



See footnote at end of table. 



17 



Table 9.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, 
JANUARY-JUNE 1952, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION- Con. 



City 



Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



Rob- 
bery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Burgla- 
ry- 
break - 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



Larceny-theft 



Over 

$50 



Under 
$50 



Lockport, N. Y 

Long Beach, Calif. 

Lorain, Ohio 

Los Angeles, Calif.. 
Louisville, Ky . 



Lowell, Mass 

Lower Merion, Pa. 

Lubbock, Tex 

Lynchburg, Va 

L>iin, Mass 



Lynwood, Calif 

Macon, Ga 

Madison, Wis 

Maiden, Mass 

Manchester, N. H. 



Manitowoc, Wis... 
Mansfleld, Ohio.... 

Marion, Ind 

Marion, Ohio 

Mason City, Iowa. 



Massillon, Ohio.. 

Maywood, 111 

McKeesport, Pa. 
Medford, Mass.. 
Melrose, Mass 



Memphis, Tenn.._. 

Meriden, Conn 

Meridian, Miss 

Miami, Fla 

Miami Beach, Fla. 



Michigan City, Ind. 
Middletown, Conn_ 
Middletown, Ohio.. 

Milwaukee, Wis 

Minneapolis, Minn. 



Mishawaka, Ind. 

Mobile, Ala 

Moline, 111 

Monroe, La. 

Montclair, N. J.. 



Montgomery, Ala 

Morgantown, W. Va.. 
Mount Lebanon, Pa.. 
Mount Vernon, N. Y. 
Muncie, Ind 



Muskegon, Mich.. 
Muskogee, Okla... 

Nashua, N. H 

Nashville, Tenn.._ 
New Albany, Ind_ 



New Bedford, Mass... 
New Britain, Conn___ 
New Brunswick, N. J. 

New Castle, Pa 

New Haven, Conn 



New Kensington, Pa. 
New London, Conn.. 

New Orleans, La 

New Rochelle, N. Y. 
New York, N. Y 



Newark, N. J 

Newark, Ohio 

Newburgh, N. Y_ 

Newport, Ky 

Newport, R. I 



78 
5,657 
1,537 



6 144 

No reports received 
Only 5 months received 
--- 



13 
3,872 



95 
125 

51 

921 
74 
149 
1,020 
445 

152 
52 
133 

Mil 

86 
372 



42 


16 


70 


341 


198 


431 


13 


12 


30 


77 


34 


121 


860 


669 


1,072 


75 


56 


105 


21, 786 


20, 020 


16, 019 


1,798 


726 


1 289 


53 


48 


215 


31 


34 


101 


44 


32 


64 


67 


36 


133 



See footnote at end of table. 



18 



Table 9.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICh, 
JANUARY-JUNE 1952, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Con. 



City 



Newport News, Va_ 

Newton, Mass 

Niagara Falls. N. Y. 

Norfolk, Va.__ 

Norman, Okla 



Norristown, Pa 

North Bergen, N. J 

North Little Rock, Ark. 

Northampton, Mass 

Norwalk, Conn 



Norwood, Ohio 

Nutley, N. J 

Oak Park, 111 

Oak Ridge, Tenn. 
Oakland, Calif.... 



Odessa, Tex 

Ogden, Utah ._ 

Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Omaha, Nebr 

Orange, N. J -. 



Orlando, Fla 

Oshkosh, Wis... 
Ottumwa, lowa. 
Owensboro, Ky. 
Paducah, Ky . 



Palo Alto. Calif 

Panama City. Fla.-. 
Parkersburg. W. Va. 

Parma, Ohio 

I, Calif 



Passaic, N. J 

Paterson, N. J... 
Pawtucket, R. I. 
Pensacola, Fla.. 
Peoria, 111. 



Perth Amboy. N. J. 

Petersburg, Va 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Phoenix, Ariz 

Pine Bluff. Ark 



Pittsburgh. Pa... 
Pittsfield. Mass. 
Plainfield. N. J.. 
Pocatello, Idaho - 
Pomona, Calif... 



Pontiac, Mich 

Port Arthur, Tex.. 
Port Huron, Mich. 
Portland, Maine... 
Portland, Oreg 



Portsmouth, Ohio... 

Portsmouth, Va 

Poughkccpsie. N. Y. 

Providence. R. I 

Provo, Utah.. 



Pueblo. Colo.. 

Quincy. Ill 

Quincy. Mass. 
Racine, Wis... 
Raleigh. N. C. 



Rapid City, S. Dak... 

Reading. Pa . 

Redondo Beach. Calif_ 
Redwood City, Calif.. 
Reno, Nev 



Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
rnan- 
skiugh- 



Rob- 
bery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Burgla- 
ry— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



Larceny-theft 



Over 

$50 



Only 4 months received 



39 
17 
68 
7 
1. 439 

73 
101 
860 
408 

65 

130 
32 
17 

72 



Only 1 month received 



46 78 

53 39 

52 32 

23 15 

223 



6 160 

61 290 52 

Only 4 months received 
40 100 55 

46 295 100 



1 14 36 (') 

17 I 40 50 70 

Records system undergoing revision 
616 I 300 



Under 
$50 



04 


28 




Only 3 


264 


127 


1 


2 


4 


10 


9 


5 


13 


50 


2 


15 


7 


5 


8 


5 


92 


70 


7 


7 


21 


176 


1 


10 


27 


31 


25 





4 


2 




2 


1 


3 


9 


98 


1 


1 


10 


10 


4 




4 


3 


28 





344 
104 
260 
267 
2,278 



See footnote at onil of tabic. 



19 



Table 9.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, 
JANUARY-JUNE 1952, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Con. 



City 



Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



Rob- 
bery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Burgla- 
ry— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



Larceny-theft 



Over 

$50 



Under 

$50 



Revere, Mass 

Richmond, Calif. 
Richmond, Ind._ 
Richmond, Va... 
Riverside, Calif, _ 



Roanoke, Va 

Rochester, Minn. 
Rochester, N. Y. 
Rock Island, 111.. 
Rockford, 111 



Rocky Mount, N. C. 
Rome, Oa 

Rome, N. Y 

Roswcll, N. Mex 

Royal Oak, Mich 



Sacramento, Calif. 

Saginaw, Mich 

St. Cloud, Minn_- 

St. Joseph, Mo 

St. Louis, Mo 



St. Paul, Minn 

St. Petersburg, Fla. 

Salem, Mass 

Salem, Oreg...: 

Salina, Kans 



Salt Lake City, Utah. 

San Angelo, Tex 

San .\ntonio, Tex 

San Bernardino, Calif- 
San Diego, Calif 



San Francisco, Calif. 

San Jose, Calif 

San Leandro, Calif.. 

San Mateo, Calif 

Sandusky, Ohio 



Santa Ana, Calif 

Santa Barbara, Calif. 
Santa Fe, N. Mex ... 
Santa Monica, Calif.. 
Savannah, da 



Schenectady, N. Y 

Scranton, Pa 

Seattle, Wash 

Shaker Heights, Ohio. 
Sharon, Pa 



Sheboygan, Wis.. 
Shreveport, La... 
Sioux City, Iowa- 
Sioux Falls, S. D. 
Somerville, Mass 



South Bend, Ind.. 
South Gate, Calif. 
Spartanburg, S. C. 
Spokane, Wash... 
Springfield, 111 



Springfield, Mass.. 

Springfield, Mo 

Springfield, Ohio... 

Stamford, Conn 

Steubenville, Ohio. 



Stockton, Cahf.. 
Stratford, Conn. 
Superior, Wis.- 
Syracuse, N. Y. 
Tacoma, Wash.. 



77 
2,360 

545 
253 
70 



12 495 232 

Onlv 5 months received 



1,178 
234 
601 



Only 4 months received 
1 



19 

33 

11 244 

7 424 



119 

1,171 

50 

1,216 

329 

292 
59 
1,076 
140 
300 

92 
36 
50 
75 
221 

1,049 
535 
149 

288 



1,460 
327 



2,102 

438 

1,782 

4,161 
933 



346 
348 
134 
5.56 
364 

114 
134 
2,393 
103 
42 

78 
416 

376 
257 
50 

557 
200 
227 
1,921 
372 

292 
228 
320 



20 



Table 9.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, 
JANUARY-JUNE 1952, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Con. 



City 



Tallahassee, Fl 
Tampa, Fla... 
Taunton, Mass 
Teaneck, N. J. 
Temple, Tex.. 



Terre Haute, Ind. 

Toledo, Ohio 

Topeka, Kans 

Toriington, Conn- 
Trenton, N. J 



Troy, N. Y 

Tucson, Ariz 

Tulsa, Okla 

Tuscaloosa, Ala- 
Tyler, Tex 



Union City, N. J 

Union, N. J 

University City, Mo_ 

Upper Darby, Pa 

Utica, N. Y 



Vallejo, Calif 

Valley Stream, N. Y- 

Vancouver, Wash 

Vicksburg, Miss 

Waco, Tex 



Waltham, Mass 

Warren, Ohio 

Warwick, R. I 

Washington, D. C- 
Washington, Pa-... 

Waterbury, Conn.. 

Waterloo, Iowa 

Watertown, Mass_. 
Watertown, N. Y-. 
Waukegan, 111 



Wausau, Wis., 

Wauwatosa, Wis 

West Allis, Wis 

West Hartford, Conn. 
West Haven, Conn-.. 

West New York, N. J 

West Orange, N. J 

West Palm Beach, Fla 

Weymouth, Mass 

Wheeling, W. Va 



White Plains, N. Y. 

Wichita, Kans 

Wichita Falls, Tex.. 
Wilkes Barre, Pa.... 
Wilkinsburg, Pa 



Williamsport, Pa 

Wilmington, Del 

Wilmington, N. C 

Winona, Minn 

Winston Salem, N. O. 



Woodbridge, N. J- 
Woonsocket, R. 1. 
Worcester, Mass-. 
Wyandotte, Mich- 
Yakima, Wash 



Yonkers, N. Y 

York, Pa 

Youngstown, Ohio- 
Zanesville, Ohio...- 



Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



Rob- 
bery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Burgla- 
ry— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



Larceny-theft 



Over 

$50 



25 91 44 

Only 2 months received 
1 

1 



114 
22 
Only 5 months received 
40 



48 



1 

5 

1 

2,175 



10 



I I 

Complete data not received 

11 1 40 1 26 1 

2 I I 82 I 49 I 

No reports received 
2 1 58 I 34 I 

Only 3 months received 



No reports received 



75 


10 


83 


34 


22 


26 


49 


13 


128 


106 


66 


257 


605 


566 


1,361 


152 


100 


437 



269 


118 


198 


124 


50 


43 


175 


193 


694 


596 


363 


859 


49 


48 


75 


14 


1 


2 


67 


18 


64 


69 


33 


71 


57 


60 


115 


64 


31 


211 


103 


54 


246 


67 


70 


255 


54 


35 


59 


73 


55 


255 


18 


14 


23 


130 


27 


436 


49 


28 


162 


95 


56 


166 


75 


50 


88 


2,708 


1,030 


4,692 




20 


65 


111 


55 


150 


64 


5 


230 


63 


26 


79 


43 


40 


120 


66 


27 


117 


12 


10 


111 


21 


8 


76 


14 


18 


151 


51 
nthsr 


16 
;ceived 


19 

1 



520 


289 


1,021 


150 


131 


468 


60 


40 


% 


49 


8 


90 


47 


26 


161 


425 


177 


538 


111 


58 


189 


19 


17 


68 


240 


81 


248 



5 




51 


66 


75 


21 


4 


304 


148 


450 


2 
12 




49 
110 


46 
67 


140 
465 


8 


G 


14 


164 


55 


359 


2 


5 


123 


32 


235 


37 


9 


302 


207 


455 


5 


1 


49 


27 


155 



Larcenies not separately reported. Figure listed includes both major and minor larcenies. 



POLICE EMPLOYEE DATA 

Police Killed, 1951 

The 64 police killed in line of duty during 1951 represent a 77.8 
percent increase over the 1950 figure. In 1950, 2.13 police officers 
per 5,000,000 inhabitants were killed in line of duty while the com- 
parable rate for 1951 is 3.81. 

All police killed while on active police duty are included in the 
following table. The number of deaths and the death rate per 
5,000,000 inhabitants are shown by cities grouped by size and by 
geographic location. 

Table 10.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES KILLED, 
1951, BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION AND POPULATION GROUPS 

[Includes only those employees killed while on active duty with their local police agencies.] 





TO 

Num- 
ber 


TAL 


Population group 


Geographic division 


Rate per 
5,000,000 
inhab- 
itants 


Over 
250,000 


100,000 

to 
250,000 


50,000 

to 
100,000 


25,000 

to 
50,000 


10,000 

to 
25,000 


Less 
than 
10,000 


Total number 


64 




16 
2.31 


10 
6.60 


10 

5.70 


9 
5.25 


8 
3.53 


11 


Rate per 5,000,000 inhabitants 


3.81 


4 66 




" 




New England 


2 
8 

13 
3 

'I 

9 
4 
7 


1.74 
1.85 
3.35 
2.24 

7.13 
8.21 
6.46 
8.13 
8.90 


__ 

3 
2 

1 


1 

2 
2 


1 

1 
5 








Middle Atlantic.^ 


-. 


1 
1 


2 


East North Central 


1 


West North Central 


1 


South Atlantic 


2 


2 


4 
2 
2 


1 
1 
1 

2 


2 
3 


West South Central 


3 


2 


^ 






1 

















Number of Police Employees, April 30, 1952 

Police increased in 1952 to 175 from the 170 per 100,000 inhabitants 
reported in 1951. The 3,565 cities responding to a special question- 
naire listed 147,040 police employees as of April 30, 1952, for a com- 
bined urban population of 83,964,712. 

Although the number of police per 1 ,000 inhabitants is expressed in 
the accompanying table by city sizes and geographic location, such 
rates are averages only and accordingly cannot be construed as stand- 
ards. The police employee figures include civilian employees of 
police organizations as well as police officers. 

(21) 



22 



Table 11.— POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 30, 1952, 
NUMBER AND RATE PER 1,000 INHABITANTS, BY GEOGRAPHIC 
DIVISIONS AND POPULATION GROUPS 

[Population figures from 1950 decennial census] 





TOTAL 


Population group 


Division 


Group 


Group 


Group 
III 


Group 
IV 


Group 


Group 
VI 




Over 
250.000 


100,000 

to 
250,000 


50,000 

to 
100,000 


25.000 

to 
50,000 


10,000 

to 
25,000 


Less 
than 
10.000 


TOTAL: 


147. 040 
1.75 


76, 430 
2.21 


14. 866 
1.66 


13. 612 
1.65 


12, 280 
1.43 


15, 001 
1.32 


14, 851 
1 26 


Average number of employees per 1,000 
inhabitants 






New England ; 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1.000 


11, 889 

2.07 

45, 019 

2.08 

32, 474 

1.67 

9,144 

1.37 

15. 327 

1.82 

4.857 

1.33 

8.275 

1.19 

3.279 

1.33 

16,776 

1.87 


3,041 

3.79 
30, 116 

2.45 
18. 577 

2.15 
4,404 

1.84 
5. 153 

2.47 
1..390 

1.27 
3,186 

1.39 
654 

1.57 
9,909 

2.17 


3.494 

2.10 
2,839 

1.79 
2,226 

1.49 
518 

1.26 
2,297 

1.82 
781 

1.44 
1,278 

1.25 
426 

1.47 
1,007 

1.52 


2,106 

1.85 

2,973 

1.87 

2,910 

1.42 

801 

1.19 

2,159 

1.55 

409 

1.49 

695 

1.12 

239 

1.10 

1.320 

1.58 


1,641 

1.70 

2,319 

1.73 

2,916 

1.26 

692 

1.02 

1,656 

1.59 

583 

1.31 

719 

1.16 

553 

1.37 

1.201 

1.56 


991 
1.42 
3,492 

2.813 

1.19 
1.285 

1.09 
1,853 

1.58 
788 

1.38 
1,223 

1.04 
546 

1.20 
2.010 

1.52 


616 


Middle Atlantic: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 
inhabitants 


3,280 
1 32 


East North Central : 

Num ber of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 


3,032 


West North Central: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 
inhabitants 


1.444 
1 07 


South Atlantic:' 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 


2,209 


East South Central: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 


906 


West South Central : 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 
inhabitants 


1.174 

94 


Mountain : 

Number of police employees. . _ 

Average number of employees per 1,000 

inhabitants 

Pacific: 

Number of police employees .-. 

Average number of employees per 1,000 
inhabitants 


861 

1.27 

1.329 

1.61 







Includes the District of Columbia. 



23 



oo 



LO 



cn 
£2 fe 






Q_ 

2 




CNI 




sSS 






^ioi 



^ioi 
5» ^ 



j|gi 






Lfa 




220524—52-^ 



24 



Tablio 12.— number OF CITIES USED IN TABULATIONS REGARDIN(; 
NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 30, 1952, 
AND POLICE KILLED, 1951 

(Population figures from 1950 decennial census] 




TOTAL 


Population group 


Division 


Group 


Group 
II 


Group 
HI 


Group 
IV 


Group 


Group 
VI 




Over 
250,000 


100,000 to 
250,000 


,50,000 to 
100,000 


25,000 to 
50,000 


10.000 to 
25.000 


Less than . 
10.000 


TOTAL: 

Population represented 

Number of cities 


83, 964, 712 
3,565 


34, 568, 350 
40 


8, 933. 727 
61 


8,773.381 
124 


8, 563. 448 
245 


11, 324, 805 
739 


11,811,001 
2, 356 




New England: Total population, 
5,742,396--. 


194 
710 
773 
402 
437 
205 
357 
186 
301 


7 
8 
5 
3 
3 
5 
1 
7 


11 

12 
10 
3 
7 
4 
7 
2 
5 


16 
23 
30 
9 
19 
4 
9 

11 


26 
38 
64 
21 
31 
14 

12 


42 
154 
160 

79 

37 

75 
29 

88 


98; 
476 . 
501 
285 
302 
143 
244 i 
139 
168 


Middle Atlantic: Total popula- 
tion, 21 ,f)7H,347 


East Norl li ('ciitral: Total popu- 
lation, i!t,:i!tr>,.i!iH 

West Nortti Cciilriil: Total popu- 
lation, (;,(iH,s,(i:!:t_ 

South Atlantic: Total popula- 
tion, K,ii2,r>riK 


East Soulli Central: Total popu- 


Wesl Soiilli Cinlral: Total popu- 
lati(Hi, C,,',)? 1,(17!) 

Mownlain: Totiil population, 
2,4M»,221 - . 

Pacific: Total population, 
8,963,549 





Police Employees in Individual Cities 

Raw fi^uros reported l)y iiulividual cities are presented in the fol- 
lowing two tables. Cities with 25,000 and over inhabitants are 
gi-ouped since civilian employees are presented separately for these 
larger cities. All other urban places are listed in the second hvdividual 
city tabulation. 

As indicated, these police employee figures relate to organizations 
l)()Iicing urban communities. Normally, in each instance such a body 
would be a municipal police force. However, in some instances it 
was found that in lieu of a municipal |)olice body, designated deputy 
sheriO's of the county provide regularly the necessary police services 
and these figures were hicluded in the tallies. A very few cities re- 
ported employees assigned to combined fire and police de|)artinents. 

It is not appropriate to compai-e j)olice strength between individual 
cities based solely on the number of police employees. The number 
of hours worked per day and per week must be known, together with 
data on eciuipment, private or "merchant" police and similar infor- 
mation. 

School crossing traffic may be handled by regular ])olice officers, or 
special part-time crossing guards who may or may not be classed as 
officers as distuigushed from civilian employees. Part-time employees 
are listed in terms of their equivalent as full-time employees. Police 
employees not paid from public funds provided for such services were 



' 25 

exchidod from the tiiblcs. Employees on military or other types of 
i extended leave also were exeluded. 
' The following indicates the extent of the use of civilian employees 

in police departments in cities of different sizes: 

Percent 
civilian 
Population group: employees 

Total, all cities 8. 1 

Group I (over 250,000) 8. 8 

Group II (100,000-250,000) . 10. 8 

Group III (50,00a 100,000) 9. 1 

Group IV (25,000 50,000) 6. 7 

Group V (10,000-25,000) 4. 7 

Group VI (2,500^10,000) 5. 1 



Table 13.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 
30, 1952, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION 

[Based on 1950 decennial census] 



City 



ALABAMA 

Anniston 

Bessemer 

Birmingham 

Gadsden. 

Mobile 

Montgomery 

Tuscaloosa 

ARIZONA 

Phoenix 

Tucson 

ARKANSAS 

Fort Smith 

Hot Springs. -. 

Little Keck 

North Little Rock.. 
Pine Bluff.... 

CALIFORNIA 

Alameda.- 

Alhambra 

BakorsfiekL. 

Borkcley 

Beverly Hills 

Hiirbank 

Conipton 

Fresno 

Glendale 

Huntington Park 

Inglcwood 

Long Beach 

Los Angeles -.. 

Lynwood... 

Oakland.. 

Palo Alto 

Pasadena 

Pomona 

Hedondo Heach 

Hcdwood City 

Kichmond 

Riverside 

Sacramento 



Number of police de- 
partment employees 



TOTAL ^'■''•^ ^'^"■ 
officers lans 



89 



58 
87 
46 
155 
123 
46 
52 
313 
4,105 



City 


Number of police de- 
partment employees 










TOTAL 


Police 
officers 


Civil- 
ians 


CALIFORNIA-Con. 










124 

449 
1,667 

129 
33 
54 
64 
72 

151 
59 

108 
70 


108 

386 
1, 570 

122 
33 
52 
60 
58 

120 
49 
98 
56 


16 


San Diego 


63 


San Francisco 


97 

7 








2 






Santa Barbara.. 

Santa Monica 

South Gate 


14 
31 
10 
10 


Vallejo 


14 


COLORADO 










70 
654 
79 


64 
560 
73 




Denver 

Pueblo 


94 


CONNECTICUT 








Bridgeport 


349 
55 
56 
105 
337 
85 
43 
140 
420 
63 
69 
179 
43 
67 

73 
43 


336 
54 
51 
93 

305 
84 
41 

133 

391 
60 
67 

168 
41 

43 


13 


Bristol 




Fast Hartford... 

Greenwich ... 

Hartford 


5 
32 


Meriden 


1 


Middletown 


2 




7 


New Haven 


29 




3 


Norwalk 


2 




11 




2 


Torrington 


1 


JA'aterbury 


C16J 


West Hartford .. 


West Haven 




DELAWARE 








Wilmington 


207 


181 


26 


DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 








Washington... 


2,225 


2,071 


154 



26 



Table 13.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 
30, 1952, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Continued 



City 


Number of police de- 
partment employees 


City 


Number of police de- 
partment employees 


TOTAI 


Police 
officers 


Civil- 
ians 


TOTAL 


Police 
officers 


Civil- 
ians 


FLORIDA 


62 
69 
41 

366 
29 
39 

667 

169 
90 
36 
75 

100 
44 
72 

39 

36 
702 
156 
119 

38 
104 

44 
180 

56 
36 

36 

58 
32 
67 
40 
36 
7.517 

120 
33 
43 
90 
36 

128 
35 
21 
69 
26 
26 
32 
89 

147 
46 
44 

100 

113 
40 

69 
38 
123 

68 
184 
189 
246 
135 
849 
48 
37 
44 
47 
84 
27 


48 
60 
37 
319 
28 
32 
575 
132 
77 
28 
06 
92 
41 

39 

34 
613 
145 
119 

37 
102 

38 
162 

48 
30 

36 
52 
31 
. 41 
36 
35 
7,164 
85 
33 
41 
73 
35 
90 
31 
21 
66 
25 
24 
30 
83 
137 
42 
44 
93 
93 
38 

66 
35 
116 
55 
106 
186 
198 
119 
706 
48 
37 
44 
42 
81 
27 


4 
9 
4 
47 
1 
7 
92 
37 
13 
8 
9 
8 
3 
4 

11 

i 

2 
6 
18 

8 
5 

16 
4 

353 
35 

2 
17 

1 
38 

4 

3 

1 

2 

10 

4 
- 

20 
2 

3 
7 
3 
18 
3 
47 
10 
143 

- 
3 


INDIANA-Goa. 


50 
165 
92 

34 
86 
26 
37 
85 
202 
44 
25 
22 
38 
32 
93 
67 

36 
170 

27 
110 

35 
85 
92 
540 
63 
55 
50 

60 
123 
38 
29 
51 
982 

58 
55 
115 

2,226 
53 
52 

80 
50 
67 
3,041 
HI 
134 
239 
85 
80 
121 
253 
73 
33 
42 
61 
123 
141 


49 
154 
90 

33 

77 
26 
35 
83 
186 
44 
25 
22 
32 
30 
81 
66 

32 
147 
27 

84 

32 

78 

475 
47 
53 
50 

56 
112 
37 
29 
43 
975 

47 
52 
108 

2,016 
47 
47 

74 
45 
57 
2,817 
106 
129 
230 
83 
77 
118 
234 
67 
33 
40 
58 
122 
136 




Fort Lauderdale 


South Bend 


n 


Gainesville 


Terre Haute 


2 




IOWA 




Key West - -- 




Lakeland 




Miami 




Miami Beach 


Cedar Rapids 


q 














Pensacola 


Davenport 


2 








Tallahassee 


Dubuque 




West Palm Beach 


Fort Dodge 










GEORGIA 


Mason City 


6 














Athens 


Waterloo 






KANSAS 








Columbus 














Rome 


Salina 






Topeka 




IDAHO 

Boise 


KENTUCKY 

Ashland 




Pocatello 


3 






7 


ILIINOIS 


Lexington 


4 


Alton 


Louisville 


65 








Belleville 


Owensboro 


2 


Berwyn 


Paducah 






LOUISIANA 




Champaign 




Chicago 








Danville 


Baton Rouge 




Decatur 


Lafayette 


1 








Elgin 


Monroe 


8 






7 


Oalesburg 


MAINE 




Granite City 




Joliet 


11 


Kankakee 


Lewiston 


3 


Mavwood 


Portland 


7 


Moline 


MARYLAND 




Oak Park 




Peoria 




Quincy 


210 






6 


Rockford 


Hagerstown 


5 




MASSACHUSETTS 








INDIANA 


6 






5 


Anderson 


Beverly 








224 


East Chicago 


Brockton 


5 


Elkhart 


Brookline 


5 


Evansville 


Cambridge 


9 


Fort Wayne 


Chelsea 


2 


Gary 


Chicopee 


3 


Hammond 


Everett 


3 




Fall River 


19 






6 


Marion 


Framingham 








2 




Haverhill 


3 


Muncie 


Holyoke 




New Albany.. 


Lawrence 


5 



27 

Table 13.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 
30, 1952, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Continued 



City 



MASSACHUSETTS— Con. 

Lowell 

Maiden 

Medford 

Melrose 

New Bedford 

Newton 

Northampton 

Pittsfield -. 

Quincy 

Revere 

Salem 

Somerville 

Springfield 

Taunton 

Waltham 

Watertown 

Weymouth 

Worcester 

MICHIGAN 

Ann Arbor 

Battle Creek 

Bay City --.. 

Dearborn 

Detroit - 

Ferndale 

Flint- 

Grand Rapids... 

Hamtramek 

Highland Park 

Jackson 

Lansing 

Lincoln Park _ 

Muskegon 

Pontiac 

Port Huron 

Royal Oak 

Saginaw 

Wyandotte 

MINNESOTA 

Duluth 

Minneapolis 

Rochester 

St. Cloud 

St. Paul 

Winona 

MISSISSIPPI 

Biloxi 

Greenville 

Hattiesburg 

Jackson 

Laurel 

V icksburg 

MISSOURI 

Columbia 

Independence 

JetTerson City 

Joplin 

Kansas City 

St. Joseph 

St. Louis 

Springfield 

University City... _. 

MONTANA 

Billings 

Butte 

Great Falls 



Number of police de- 


partment employees 


TOTAI 


Police 
officers 


Civil- 
ians 


204 


187 


17 


119 


117 


2 


115 


115 




62 


48 


4 


219 


207 


12 


166 


161 


5 


35 


35 




73 


71 


2 


149 


144 


5 


74 


71 


3 


86 


78 


8 


166 


164 


2 


370 


349 


21 


70 


58 


12 


68 


64 


4 


72 


67 


5 


47 


4.5 


2 


390 


366 


24 


63 


57 


6 


56 


48 


8 


80 


73 




190 


158 


32 


4,704 


4,327 


377 


41 


35 


6 


252 


207 


45 


273 


234 


39 


99 


96 


3 


125 




13 


78 


72 


6 


141 


137 


4 


37 


36 


1 


68 


62 


6 


99 


88 


11 


54 


43 


11 


50 


45 


5 


141 


130 


11 


57 


51 


6 


146 


131 


15 


640 


583 


57 


42 


41 


1 


29 


29 




368 


343 


25 


31 


31 




35 


35 




42 


38 


4 


25 


25 




152 


117 


35 


24 


24 




28 


26 




31 


29 




33 


32 


I 


25 


25 




39 


35 


4 


713 


579 


1.34 


100 


95 


5 


2,354 


1,913 


441 


81 


67 


14 


46 


40 


6 


35 


33 


2 


38 


33 


3 


37 


36 


1 



City 



NEBRASKA 

Lincoln 

Omaha 

NEVADA 

Reno 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

Concord 

Manchester 

Nashua 

NEW JERSEY 

Atlantic City 

Bayonne 

Belleville 

Bloomfield 

Camden 

Clifton 

East Orange 

Elizabeth 

Garfield 

Hackensack 

Hamilton 

Hoboken 

Irvington 

Jersey City 

Kearny 

Linden 

Montelair 

New Brunswick 

N ewark 

North Bergen.-- 

Nutley 

Orange 

Passaic 

Paterson 

Perth Amboy 

Plainfield 

Teaneck 

Trenton 

Union City 

Union 

West New York 

West Orange 

Woodbridge 

NEW MEXICO 

Albuquerque 

Roswell 

Santa Fe 

NEW YORK 

Albany 

Amsterdam 

Auburn 

Bingham ton 

Buffalo 

Elmira 

Hempstead 

Irondequoit 

Ithaca 

Jamestown 

Kingston 

Lackawanna 

Lockport 

Mount Vernon 

New Rochelle 

New York 

Nevvburgh 

Niagara Falls 

Poughkeepsie— 



Number of police de- 
partment employees 



142 
259 
40 
58 
57 
187 
113 
946 
113 
96 
105 
72 
1,360 
96 
43 
78 
121 
245 
90 
81 
57 
265 
128 
72 



Police Civil- 
officers ians 



177 
208 
55 
87 
196 
84 
139 
247 
40 
58 
57 
176 
104 
839 
112 
96 
101 
70 
1,219 
83 
42 
75 
121 
236 
86 
70 
57 
247 
120 
60 

56 
54 



279 
41 
51 

117 
1,226 
97 
57 
25 
37 
57 
42 
64 
36 

136 

138 

18, 596 

55 

137 



28 



Table 13.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 
30, 1952, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Continued 



City 


Number of police de- 
partment employees 


City 


Number of police de- 
partment employees 


TOTAL 


Police 
officers 


Civil- 
ians 


TOTAL 


Police 
officers 


Civil- 
ians 


NEW YORK-Con. 

Rochester 

Rome - 


559 
45 
174 
362 
188 
167 
46 
118 
260 

79' 
2S6 
107 
70 
146 
77 
20 
100 
50 
92 
160 

45 
27 

30 
31 

148 

857 

2,168 

90 

526 
24 

322 
58 
36 
57 
78 
74 
55 
52 
43 
32 
27 
47 
35 
46 
27 
47 
29 
58 
84 
40 

452 
51 

301 
34 

36 
34 
66 
18 
335 
229 


«. 

42 
162 
304 
152 
157 

42 
112 
231 

77 
202 
96 
67 
128 

19 
81 
46 
76 
142 

41 
25 

30 
27 

143 

815 

1,802 

62 

438 
23 

269 
51 
32 
50 
71 
57 
51 
52 
41 
31 
27 
45 
35 
44 
25 
46 
28 
57 
79 
40 

3H0 
50 

256 
34 

35 
33 
45 
18 
263 
214 


119 
3 
12 
58 
36 
10 
4 
6 
29 

24 
11 

3 
18 

6 

19 
4 
16 

18 

4 
2 

"'""4 

5 

42 

366 

28 

53 

4 

17 
4 

1 

2 

2 
2 

1 

5 

""'"72 

45 

'"72 
15 


OREGON 

Eugene 

Portland 


47 
762 

32 
34 
116 
104 
74 
80 
47 
184 
128 
43 
32 
85 
77 
110 
90 
36 
60 
34 
40 
4,996 
1:497 
177 
186 
32 
110 
30 
98 
42 
46 
79 

73 
89 
73 
175 
516 
51 
90 

161 
134 
125 
66 

23 
67 

159 
37 
425 
315 

69 

58 
115 
183 
89 
63 


38 
662 

32 
27 
106 
99 
70 
72 
45 
166 
126 
41 
32 
78 
73 
101 
78 
31 
50 
33 
40 
4,707 
1, 452 
134 
173 
31 
92 
30 
95 
28 
45 
77 

73 
86 
71 
164 
441 
49 
85 

144 

123 
114 

23 
60 

149 
37 
340 
304 

55 

55 
110 
152 
83 
40 


9 
100 


Schenectady 


PENNSYLVANIA 


Syracuse... 




Utica 




Watertown 

White Plains .. . . 


Aliquippa 

AUentown 


7 
10 


Yonkers 


Altoona.. 

Bethlehem 


5 
4 




NORTH CAROLINA 


Chester 

Easton 


8 







18 
2 




Harrisburg 




Fayetteville 


Hazleton 




Greensboro 




7 


High Point... 






Kannapolis 


Lower Merion 


<f 


Raleigh 


McKeespo^t 








5 
10 


Wilmington 


New Castle 










Norristown 




NORTH DAKOTA 








Pittsburgh 


45 








Grand Forks . . .. 




13 




Sharon 


1 


OHIO 


Upper Darby 


18 








Alliance 


Wilkes-Barre 

Wilkinsburg 


3 
14 


Barberton 


Canton 


Williamsport 


I 










RHODE ISLAND 




Cleveland Heights 








Cuyahoga Falls . .. 






East Providence 


■^ 


East Cleveland 


Newport 




Elyria 


Pawtucket 


1 ] 


Euclid 








Warwick 

Woonsoeket 


' ,, 


Lakewood 






SOUTH CAROLINA 
Charleston 








Mansfield 








Massillon 


11 


Middletown 






Newark 


Spartanburg 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

Rapid City 




Norwood 




Parma 








Sandusky 




Shaker Heights 




7 




TENNESSEE 








Toledo 








Younestown. . 






Zanesville 




85 




Nashville 


11 


OKLAHOMA 


Oak Ridge 


4 


Enid 


TEXAS 








Muskogee 




5 






31 




Beaumont 

Brownsville 




Tulsa.. - 


13 



29 



Table 13.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 
30, 1952, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Continued 



City 


Number of police de- 
partment employees 


City 


Number of police de- 
partment employees 


TOTAL 


Police 
oflBcers 


Civil- 
ians 


TOTAL 


Police 
ofHcers 


Civil- 
ians 


TEXAS— Con. 

Corpus Christi - 

Dallas 


130 
563 
164 
415 
85 
815 
61 
91 
60 
66 
43 
411 
21 
40 
94 
71 

61 
26 
236 

39 

88 
117 
37 
70 
70 
88 
322 
43 
91 
329 
125 

43 
63 


98 
484 
135 

8,1 
704 
49 
84 
63 
54 
42 
312 
20 
40 
92 
62 

60 
21 
221 

36 

82 
98 
37 
78 
66 
62 
300 
40 
84 
303 
122 

41 
45 


32 
79 
19 
27 

"iii 

2 

7 
7 
2 
1 
99 
1 

9 

5 
15 

3 

6 
19 

4 
6 
22 
3 

26 
3 

2 

8 


WASHINGTON— Con. 


50 
744 
221 
222 
58 
64 

98 
31 
29 
98 
14 
32 
78 

39 
39 
56 
35 
84 
82 
71 

168 

41 

1,604 

60 

123 
55 
59 
39 
54 
67 

35 

636 


49 
640 
197 
199 

54 
56 

30 
29 

14 
31 

77 

39 
37 
49 
33 
78 
74 
64 

133 

39 

1,383 

60 

120 
55 
57 
39 
54 
65 

30 

452 




Seattle . 


104 


El Paso 




24 


Fort Worth 


Tacoma 


23 






2 


Houston 


Yakima 

WEST VIRGINIA 


8 


Laredo 




Lubbock _- 

Odessa 






9 








San Antonio 


Fairmont 




Temple 

Tyler 

Waco 

Wichita Falls- 


Huntington 

Morgantown 

Parkersburg 

Wheeling 


10 


UTAH 
Ogden 

Provo 


WISCONSIN 

Appleton 








2 


VERMONT 


Eau Claire 

Fond du Lac 


6 
2 






6 


Burlington 


Kenosha 


8 


VIRGINIA 


La Crosse 

Madison 


7 
25 




Manitowoc 




Alexandria 


Milwaukee 

Oshkosh 


121 


Arlington County 






Racine 

Sheboygan 


3 


Danville 




Lynchburg 


Superior 


2 


Newport News 


Wausau 

Wauwatosa 




Norfolk 




Petersburg 


West Allis 


2 


Portsmouth 


WYOmNG 

Cheyenne 




Richmond 










5 


WASHINGTON 

Bellingham 


HAWAH 

Honolulu 






83 









30 



Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 

30, 1952, CITIES WITH POPULAIION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000 

[Based on 1950 decennial census] 



City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


ALABAMA 

Albertville 



12 

9 
11 

10 
19 

5 
5 
5 
3 

5 
G 
9 
25 

36 
4 

10 
3 

14 
4 
5 

24 

10 
4 
3 
6 
9 

38 

12 
7 
5 
5 
4 

12 
G 
3 

19 

25 
3 

24 


3G 

19 
20 
13 
9 
14 

4 

4 
3 
7 
7 
8 
2 
4 

12 
7 

10 
13 
7 

12 
19 
7 
12 
11 
13 
12 
15 


ARKANSAS 

Arkadelphia_. 

Batesville 


4 

5 
12 
9 
3 
2 
5 
3 
3 

16 
3 

15 
3 
9 
5 

18 
7 
7 
5 
4 
4 
7 
4 

10 
2 

4 

5 
3 

20 
5 
5 
4 
4 
4 

19 
5 
24 
13 
32 
6 
8 
6 
8 
18 
9 
11 
6 
23 
8 
9 
6 
10 
20 
6 
33 
11 
9 
19 
9 
23 
8 
4 
3 
12 
22 


CALIFORNIA-Con. 
Colusa 














Athens 


Blytheville 






Attalla 


Camden 

Clarendon 

Clarksville 

Crossett 

De Queen 


Corona 

Coronado 




Auburn 


19 


Boaz 


Culver City 


44 


Brewton 


Daly City 


20 




D(> Witt 


Davis 

Delano 

Dinuba 

El Cajon 




Chickasaw 


Dermott 


12 




Eudora 

Fayetteville 














24 
16 


Demopolis 


Forrest City 


El Monte 






Elba 


Helena 

Jonesboro 

Magnolia 

Malvern 

Marianna 


Emeryville 

Escondido 

Eureka 








E vergreen 


34 


Fairfield 

Fairhope 


Exeter _ 

Fairfield 

Fillmore 


5 


Florala 


Mena 


,. 




Monticello 

Newport 




Fort Payne 


Fullerton 


1(5 














Qilroy 

Glendora 

Grass Valley...- 

Gridley 

Hanford 

Hawthorne 

Hayward -__ 

Ilealdsburg 

Hemet 




Haleyville ._.- 


Paris 


6 






Huntsville 

Jasper 

Lanett 


Prescott 

Searcy 

Siloam Springs 

Springdale 


5 
17 
27 


Leeds 








Marion 


Texarkana 


fy 


Mountain Brook 

Nortliport 


Trumann 

Van Buren 

Warren 


Hillsborough 

Hollister 

Huntington Beach ._ 

Indio 

La llabra 


9 


Oneonta. — 


17 




West Helena . 












CALIFORNIA 

Albany 

Alluras __. 






Prichard 


La Verne 


5 




Laguna Beach 








Shawmut 


Lindsay 


g 


Sheffield... 










Lodi 

Lompoc 

Los Banos 




Talladega 


Arcadia 


10 


Troy 


Areata.. 

Atherton 




Tuscumbia 


Los Oatos 


g 








Union Springs 




Manhattan Besch 

Manteca 




Azusa 




ARIZONA 


Banning 

Barstow 

Beaumont 

Bell 




Ajo . 


Marysville 


21 




21 




Menlo Park 




Casa Grande 


Belmont - . 


Merced 


21 


Chandler 


Benicia 


Mill Valley 


g 


Clifton 




Millbrae 

Modesto 




Coolidge 


Blythe 


39 


Douglas 


• Brawley... 


Montebello 


29 


Eloy 




Flagstaff 


Burlingame 


Monterey Park 

Mountain View 

Napa 


23 


Olendale... 


Calexico 

Carmel by the Sea .. 
Chico 




Globe 




Kinj^man 


National City 

Needles 


25 


Mesa 


9 


Miami 




Newport Beach -.. 

North Sacramento 


26 


Nogales 


Claremont 








5 




Coachella 

Coalinga 


Oceanside 

Ojai 


26 


Winslow 


3 


Yuma. 


Colton 


Ontario 


30 



31 



Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 
30, 1952, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 

on 1950 decennial census] 



City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


CALIFORNIA^Con. 


14 
12 
36 
10 

i 

18 
22 
5 
4 
13 

21 
26 
8 
3 
4 

34 
11 
22 
16 

24 
24 
29 
20 
20 
11 
21 
41 

24 

7 
9 

11 

8 

12 
21 
21 
18 
7 
8 
41 
14 
21 
14 
13 
15 
6 
33 
20 
8 
21 
5 
9 
36 
7 
4 
3 
16 
6 
9 

7 
13 
25 
4 
5 
4 


COLORADO— Con. 

Craig 

Delta 


3 
6 
6 
2 

15 

16 
8 
7 

20 
20 
3 
8 
7 
3 
3 
11 
8 
5 
7 
5 
5 
7 

12 
13 
7 

5 
13 

53 
4 

24 
12 

28 
3 

48 
4 

9 
8 
10 
16 
19 
3 

18 
26 
21 
10 

15 
9 
5 
9 
4 

6 
4 
8 

12 

19 
2 

39 
7 

61 
3 
4 
7 


FLORIDA-Con. 

DeFuniak Springs... 
De Land 




Oroville 


13 












Edgewater 

Englewood 

Florence 

Fort Collins 


Dunedin 


8, 




Paso Robles 

Petaluma 


Fernandina 

Fort Meade 


8 
3 










Pittsburg 


Golden 

Grand Junction 

Greeley 

Gunnison 






Placerville 


Green Cove Springs.. 

Gulfport 

Haines City 




Port Hueneme 

Porterville 


4 


Red Bluff 


Hallandale 

Hialeah 




Redding 


Lamar 


36 




Leadville 


Holly Hill 




Reedley 


Littleton 


Hollywood 

Homestead 

Jacksonville Beach 

Kissimmee 


42- 


Rialto 




9 




Loveland 

Manitou Springs 




Roseville 


5, 




Lake Wales 




San Anselmo 


Montrose 


Lake Worth 


25, 






Leesburg 

Live Oak 




San Carlos 


Salida 


4. 












Trinidad 








Miami Shores 

Miami Springs 

Mount Dora 






CONNECTICUT 

Bethel 

Branford 




San Pablo 


4 


San Rafael 


New Smyrna Beach.. 
North Miami 




Sanger 


22- 




Ocala 


25. 








Santa Maria 


Danielson 


Ormond 


5, 




Derby 

Groton 






Santa Rosa 


Palm Beach 


43 
























s 


Selma 


Plymouth 


Plant Citv 


18- 




Portland 


Pompano Beach 


11 














South San Francisco 


Seymour 


Riviera Beach 

St. Augustine 

St Cloud 


i 11 


Sunnyvale 


Shelton 


2a 


Susan ville 




i 3' 


Taft 


Stafford Springs 

Taftville 


Sanford - 


i 19' 




Sarasota ^- 


25 








6, 


Tulare 


Thompsonville 

Wallingford 


Starke 


6, 


Turlock 


Stuart 


3; 


Ukiah 


Willimantic 


Tarpon Springs 

Titusville 


ft 




Winsted 


4 


Vacavilie 


DELAWARE 

Dover 


Vero Be'ich 


9- 


Ventura 


Wauflnila 


4 


Visalia 


West Minmi 


6, 


Wasco 


Winter Haven 

Winter Park 

GEORGIA 

Adel -- 


16, 


Watson ville 


Milford 


13; 


Weed 


New Castle 




West Covina 


Newark 






Seaford 






FLORIDA 

Apalachicola 


5 


Willows 


Alma 


3 






16 




Ashburn 




Yreka City 


Aubumdale 


Bainbri''"e 


13 
















4 


COLORADO 




Brunswick , 


29- 






Cairo 


6 


\lamosa 


Clearwater 


Calhoun 


5 






Camilla , 


4 








5 








9 


Canon Citv 


Dade City 


Carters ville 


7 








la 


220524—52- 









32 



Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 

30, 1952, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 

[Based on 1950 decennial census] 



City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


GEORGIA-Continued 


9 
3 

16 
5 

12 
5 
4 

14 
5 

25 
4 
9 

29 
3 
2 

11 

12 
2 
4 
4 

16 
2 

28 

14 
5 
4 
8 
6 
5 
6 
3 

4 

20 
11 
5 
3 

4 
13 
4 
4 
6 
6 
6 
3 
7 
4 
6 
4 
4 
12 
16 
6 
14 
7 
29 
6 
5 
4 
30 
7 

2 
9 

4 
8 
15 
13 
4 
4 
2 
34 


IDAHO— Continued 


7 
5 
20 
5 
13 
22 
5 
5 
3 
4 

3 
6 
21 
5 
4 

2 
2 
3 

15 
6 
6 
7 

14 
9 
4 
5 

12 

14 
3 
10 
13 
13 
7 
5 
2 
6 
4 
14 
4 
5 
32 
2 
2 
11 
6 
5 
12 
4 
16 
4 

13 
3 
4 
6 
15 
S 
8 
23 
23 
16 
5 
2 
6 
20 
15 
20 
1 
4 
3 
7 


ILLINOIS-^ Continued 


2 




Kellogg. . .. 






College Park 


Lewiston 


Gillespie 


3 


Commerce 


Montpelier 


Glen ElljTi 


14 










Covington 


Nampa 


Glenview 


8 








5 










Dawson 


Rexburg 


Harvard 


4 








IS 


Donalsonville 


St. Anthony 


Havana 


4 


Doufrlas 


Salmon 


Highland 


4 






Highland Park 

Flighwood 




Eastman 


Twin Falls 


5 




Wallace. 


Hillsboro 


5 




Weiser 






Fitzgerald 


ILLINOIS 




5 


Forest Park 


Hoopeston 


5 


Forsvth 


Jacksonville 


16 


Fort Valley 




5 


Gainesville 


Aledo 


Johnston City 

Kenilworth 


2 


Greensboro 


Anna 


10 




Arlington Heights 

Barrington 




16 


Hapoville 


La Grange 


22 


ITartvvell 


Batavia 


La Grange Park 

La Salle . 


9 






13 


Ilazclhurst 


Bell wood. 


Lake Forest 


19 


Hogansville 


Belvidere 


Lansing 


4 








6 


LaFayette 


Benton . 


Lemont 


3 




Blue Island 










Libert vville. . 




Manchester 


Brookfiold 


Lincoln 




Marietta. 


Bushnell 




8 


Milledgeville 


Cairo 


Litchfield .... .. 


6 


Millen 


Calumet City 


Lockport 


4 


Montezuma 


Canton 


Lombard 










2 


Nashville 


Carlinville 


Lyons 


15 




Carl vie 


Macomb 


10 


Ocilla 






13 


Pelham 


Casey 


Marion 




Porterdale 


Centralia 


Markam 


(; 








3 


Rockmart 


Chester 


Marshall 


4 


Rossville-. 


Chicago Heights 








19 


Summersville 


Christopher 


McLeansboro 


2 


Swainsboro 


Collinsville 


Melrose Park 


19 




















De Kalb 


Midlothian 


11 




Deerfield 




1 


Thomson 


Des Plaines 


Monmouth 


10 


Tifton 


Dolton _ 


Morris 


n 




Downers Grove 

Du Quoin 




3 


Valdosta 


Morton 


3 


Vidalia 


Dwight 


Morton Grove 

Mount Carmel ... 

Mount Morris 

Mount Prospect 

Mount Vernon 


5 


Warner Robins 

"Washington 


East Alton 

East Peoria 


3 






5 


West Point 


Effingham 


16 




r, 


IDAHO 


ElmwoodPark 

E vergreen Park 

Fairfield 


Murphysboro... 

Naperville 


5 

8 


Alameda 


Newton 

Niles 


2 


Blaekfoot 


Farmington 


6 


Buhl 


Flora 


Nokomis 


3 




Forest Park 

Franklin Park... 


<) 


Caldwell 


North Chicago 

North Lake 


111 


Emmett 


Fulton 


North Riverside 

Northbrook 

Oak Lawn 


4 


Gooding 




4 


Grangeville 




10 


Idaho Falls 


Geneva 


Oglesby 


4 



33 



Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 
30, 1952, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 

[Based on 1950 decennial census] 



City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


1 
Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


ILLINOIS-Continued 


8 
3 

16 
5 
4 

12 

17 
4 

13 
4 
9 
2 
2 

5 
23 
10 
5 
13 
5 
7 
5 
2 
2 
7 

2 
7 
4 

20 
2 
2 
2 
5 
3 
3 

14 
5 

10 
3 

5 
7 
4 

10 
7 

12 

2 
5 
5 

4 
11 

4 

12 
27 
2 
18 

7 

9 

8 
4 
4 
5 

19 
7 


INDIANA-Con. 
Bicknell 


5 
7 
6 

12 
4 
3 
2 
3 
2 
3 
9 
6 

25 

22 
4 
4 
9 
3 
3 
3 
5 

13 
1 

21 
7 
3 
3 

14 

10 
6 

10 
4 
3 
8 
4 
9 

'3 
3 
13 

5 
3 
30 

10 
9 
30 

s 

4 
4 
9 
4 
4 
20 

3 

2 
3 

8 
3 
5 
11 
4 
10 
19 
4 
7 
5 

5 






Oregon 


BlufFton 


Vincennes 


24 




Boonville 

Brazil 

Bremen. 

Brookville 


Wabash 






Warsaw 

Washington 

West. Lafavette 

West Terre Haute 

Whiting 




Pana 


15 


Paris -.- -- 






Cambridge City 

Charlestown 

Chesterton 




Park Ridge 




Paxton ^ 


Winchester 


g 




Clarksville 


IOWA 

\lbia 




Peoria Heights 

Peru 

Pinckneyville 

Pittsfleld - 


Clinton 

Columbia City 

Connersville.." 

Crawfordsville 

Crown Point 


3 






Pontiac 


Ames 

Anamosa 

Atlantic 


18 






River Forest 


Decatur 


5 




Delphi 

Dunkirk 

East Gary 

Edinburg 

Elwood 








Belle Plaine 




Riverside 


Bettendorf 


7 


Robinson 


Bloomfleld 

Boone 


3 


Rochelle 


14 


Rock Falls 




Carroll 

Cedar Falls 




Rockdale Junction 


Frankfort 

Franklin 

Garrett 


14 






8 
3 


St. Charles 


Chariton ... 


Salem 


Gas Citv 


Charles City 


12 












Greencastle 

Greenfield 

Greensburg 

Greenwood 

Griffith 


Clarinda . . 




Silvis 


Clarion 


3 


Skokie .. 


Clear Lake. .. 




South Beloit 


Creseo 


3 


South Holland 


Cre'Jton 


10 




Hartford City 

Hiphland 


DeWitt 




Spring Valley 


Decorah 


5 




Hoburt 

Huiitingburg 






Steger 


Eagle Grove 


4 


Sterling 




Eldora 


3 










Streator 




Estherville 


8 






Fairfield 


3 


Summit 


Kendallville 


Fort Madison 


12 
















3 


Tuscola 


Lawrenceburg 


Harlan 


4 


Urbana 




3 


Vandalia 


Linton 


Humboldt ... 


4 






Independence 


5 


Villa Park 








Virden 


Mitchell 


Iowa Falls 





Waterloo 


Moiiticello 


Jefferson 


4 




Mount Vernon 

Munster 


Keokuk 


21 


West Chicago 


Knoxville 


4 


West Frankfort 




Le Mars 


5 










Western Springs 


Noblesville 


MaQUoketa 


6 


North Manchester 

North Vernon 







Westville 


Marshalltown 

Missouri Valley 

Monticello 

Mount Pleasant 

Muscatine 


19 


Wheaton 


2 


Wllmette 


Peru 


4 


Wilmington 


Petersburg 




Winnetka 


Plainfleld 


18 


Wood River 


Plvmouth 


Nevada 

New Hampton 

Newton 




Woodstock 


Portland 


3 




Rensselaer 


13 




Oelwein 










3 




Salem 


Osage 


3 






3 


Angola 

Attica 






11 


Speedway 


Red Oak 


8 




Sullivan 


Rock Rapids 


3 


Allrnra 


Tell City 


Sheldon . 


3 


Bedford 


1 Tipton 


Shenandoah 




Beech Grove 


1 Union City 


Sibley 


2 



34 



Table 14— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 
30, 1952, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 

[Based on 1950 decennial census 



City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


IOWA Continued 


8 
7 
2 
2 
5 
4 
3 
4 
9 
4 
3 

5 
4 

1.5 
16 
7 
5 
3 

4 

4 

12 
3 
4 
22 
4 
5 
3 
IH 
10 
3 
3 

19 
8 
12 
4 
3 
11 
4 
4 

14 
11 
5 

4 
2 
2 

10 
9 

14 
3 
5 

19 

20 
4 

21 
5 

16 
3 

12 
3 
4 
5 

12 
4 

16 
2 

21 

10 
7 
2 

11 

11 


KENTUCKY 

Bardstown 

Belle vue 


4 
5 
4 
32 
3 
4 

5 
6 

6 
2 
12 
16 
6 
7 
11 
4 
11 
fi 
10 
41 
18 
5 
3 

3 
6 

16 
5 
4 
8 
5 
6 

10 
7 
5 
5 
6 

15 
5 

11 
1 
4 
3 

13 

14 
15 
1 
19 

4 
4 
3 
4 

9 
3 

16 
6 
4 
4 
7 
2 
3 
8 

14 

18 
4 

16 
■ 5 


LOUISIANA— Con. 




Storm Lake 


Ponchatoula 


'. 






Port Allen 


^ 


Tipton 


Bowling Green 

Campbellsville 

Carrollton 


Rayne 


14 


Vinton 


Ruston 


10 




Slidell 










Waverly 


Corbin 


Tallulah 




"Webster City 








West Des Moines 


Cvnthiana 


Ville Platte 




Winterset 


Danville 


Vinton 


, 










KANSAS 


Erlaiiffer 


Winnfield 


5 




Fort Thomas 






Abitone 


Frank-fort. 


MAINE 




Anthony 


Franklin 




Arkansas City 


Georgetown 












Baxter Sprtngs- 


FTarlan 


Bar Harbor 


3 


Belleville 








Beloit 




Belfast 




Caney. 


Henderson 


Biddeford 


14 












Jenkins 


Calais 




Clav Center. 


Kciivir Redbud 


Camden 


2 


Coffey ville 














Concordia 


Ludlow 


Dover Foxcroft 


2 




Mavsville 




Dodge City 


Miildli'shoroiigh 

Mnrrhea.! ... 
AbirjMjilirM 

Mduiit snrling 

Nicholasville 






El Dorado 


Fairfield 


4 


Ellinwood 


Farmington 


f, 


Ellis 






Emporia 


Gardiner 


Ci 


Eureka 


Hallowell 




Fort Scott 
















Galena.- 


Pineville 


Kitterv 


c 


GardenCity 
















Goodland 




Mexico 




Great Bend 




Millinocket 














South Fort Mitchell.. 
Versailles 


Old Orchard Beach... 




Hiawatha 




Hoisington 


Williamsburg 


Orono 


4 


Holton 


Winchester 


Pittsfield 


;{ 


Hugoton 


LOUISIANA 

Abbeville. 


Rockland 


10 








ioia_. """:":::: 


Saco 


10 


Jimction City... 


















South Portland 




Lawrence 


Bogalusa 


4 


















Manhattan 


De Quincy 


Winslow 




Marvsvillc 


Donaldsonviile 


MARYLAND 








Neodesha 


Franklin 




Newton 


Haynesville 


5 










Olathe 








Osawatomie 


Jonesboro 


Brentwood 




Ottawa 


Kaplan 




3 


Paola... 








Parsons 


Lake Arthur 


Capitol Heights 

Cheverly... 




Phillipsburg. 


Ma|ih'wo,Kl 

MoTvan City 

New Iberia. '..'.". !;]^;^^ 


2 


Pittsburg 




Pratt 


("risficld 


4 


Russell 


12 


Scott City 


Elkton 




Wellington 






Winfield 


PineviUe 


Frederick 





35 



Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 

30, 1952, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 

[Based on 1950 decennial census] 



City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


MARYlAND~Con. 

Frostburg 


8 
9 
5 
11 
6 
9 
4 

26 
12 
2 
6 

16 

14 
7 
12 
38 
6 
7 

}1? 
16 

5 
14 

4 
11 
27 

23 
4 
8 
25 
20 
12 
18 
8 
19 
29 
3 
5 
10 
40 
25 
6 
7 
9 
24 
3 
6 
7 
14 
4 

4 
5 
25 

21 
10 
3 
4 
20 

14 

32 
14 
4 
5 
30 
3 


MICHIGAN-Con. 

Buchanan , 

Cadillac 


7 
9 
3 
7 
3 
5 
6 
2 
7 
12 
10 
3 
27 
10 
14 
3 
40 
19 

4 
4 

11 
4 

11 
6 
6 

27 

33 

20 
5 
6 

23 
8 

18 
5 
4 
6 
6 

18 
5 
7 
5 

17 

14 
3 
7 

17 
9 
8 
5 
3 

16 

3 
15 
11 
24 

26 

24 
4 

10 
5 

24 

11 
2 

24 
9 
3 
4 

23 
7 
5 
7 

16 


MICHIGAN— Con. 

River Rouge 


32 


Creenbelt 


Rochester 


g 




Caro .. 




Hvattsville 


Center Line 


Romeo 


5 


"Laurel 


Charlevoix 


Roseville 

St. Clair 

St. Clair Shores 

St. Ignace 

St Johns 


20 


Mount Rainier. . . . 


Charlotte 




Pocomoke City 

Salisbury 

Takoma Park. 


Cheboygan 

Chelsea 

Clawson 

Coldwater 


28 












St. Louis 

Sault Ste Marie 

South Haven 






Duraud 


18 


MASSACHUSETTS 


East Detroit 


10 




Kast Grand Rapids. .. 
East Lansing 






Adams 


Tecumseh 

Three Rivers 

Traverse City 

Trenton 

Vandercook 










Amherst 


Ecorse 

Escanaba.. 


16 


Athol 


20 




Fenton 




Bridgewater 


Fremont... 


Wakefield 


3 




Qard.enCity 


Wayne 




Clinton 


Gladstone 


Ypsilanti 


30 


Dalton 


Grand Haven 


Zeeland 




Falmouth 


Grand I^edge 


MINNESOTA 

Albert Lea 




Foxborough 


Greenville 






Grosse Poiiite Farms. 
Grosse Pointe Park.. 
Grosse Pointe Woods. 
Hancock 




Gardner 


1" 


Great Barrington 

Greenfield . 


Alexandria 

Anoka 

Austin 


8 
28 


Hopedale 


fiastines 




Hazel Park 




Hillsdale 






Marlborough 


Holland 


Blue Earth 


4 


Mi.Mleborough .... 


Hollv 


Brainerd 

Breckenridge 

Brooklyn Center 

Cambridge 

Chisholm 

Cloquet 

Columbia Heights. _-- 
Crookston 


13 

4 


Milford 


Houghton 




Howell 


.\'r\\ buryport 

North ^danis 


Huntington Woods... 

Inkster 

Ionia 

Iron Mountain 

Iron River 

Iron wood 


1 
12 
9 
8 
8 

5 
9 
9 
11 
13 
11 


North Brookfleld 

Orange 




Peabody.- 








Provincetow-n 


Kingsford 


East Grand Forks'.'... 

Edina 

Ely 

Eveleth 

Fairmont 




Livonia 




Ludington 

Manistee 

Manistique 

Marine City 


Spencer 




Faribault 

Fergus Falls 


14 
9 


Ware 


Webster.. 




2 
3 
3 




Marshall 


Glencoe 

Glenwood 


W.-itfiold 


Mason 


Willi;iriistown 


Melvindale 


Grind Rapids 


Wirichondon .- 


Menominee 

Midland 


Granite Falls 


3 


Wuburn 








Milan 

Monroe 

Mount Clemens 

Mount Morris 

Mount Pleasant 

Munising 


nibbing 


20 


MICHIGAN 


Hopkins 


7 






5 




International Falls.... 

Lake City 

Le Sueur 




Albion 


4 


Algonac ... 


3 


•Mlegan 


Muskegon Heights 

Negaunee 


Litchfield 




Allen Park 








Luveme 




Alpena 


Niles 


27 


Bad Axe.. 




Marshall 


7 












Moorhead 


15 






6 


Bessemer 


Pctoskey 


New Ulm 


10 


Big Rapids 




North Mankato 

North St. Paul 

Northflcld 


3 




Pleasant Ridge 

1 Plymouth 




Boyne City .. 


4 



36 



Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 

30, 1952, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 

[Based on 1950 decennial census] 



City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


MINNESOTA— Con. 


4 
10 

2 

V' 

11 ; 

4 

12 1 

4 1 

I 

4 

19 
3 

4 

I 
1 

22 

4 
6 
4 

'I 
9 

6 

4 

4 

2n 
10 

6 
22 
11 

3 
24 

8 
25 

2 

9 
6 

5 

4 
9 

4 
30 
4 

11 
5 
4 

'! 

3 
12 

5 
5 
3 
2 


MTSSOURI-Con. 


15 
3 
2 
4 

18 
3 

13 

3 
7 
16 
31 
2 
5 
2 
3 
5 

3 

4 
3 

7 
5 
24 
6 
4 

3 
4 
10 
8 
2 
12 
2,5 
15 
2 

2 

4 
5 
5 
3 

23 
3 

10 
5 

14 

11 
5 

12 
3 

18 

13 
2 
3 
9 
4 

18 
5 
9 
3 

14 
5 
4 

25 
3 
3 
2 
7 
2 
2 


MISSOURI-Con. 

Vandalia.. 






Brentwood 


Washington 


5 






Webster Groves. . 
Wellston... 


23 




California 


11 




West Plains 




Red Wing 


Cape Girardeau 


MONTANA 








Richfield 


Carthage 






Caruthersville 


10 






11 


St Louis Park 




Cut Bank 


4 






Deer Lodge... 


2 


Sauk Center 




Dillon 


4 






Glasgow 


5 




Dexter 

Fldon 


Glendive 


8 


Sleepy Eye 

South St. Paul 

Springfield 


Havre 


10 


Eldorado Springs 

Excelsior Springs 

Fayette 


Helena 

Kalispell... 


18 
12 


I^aurel 


3 


Stillwater -. . . 


lycwistown .. 


7 


Thief River Falls 




Lmngston 


10 






Miles City 


12 


Two Harbors 




Missoula 


25 




FredericktowTi 




2 


Wadena. 


Shelby 


4 






Sidney 

Whitefish 


4 


'W^s.t St Pnul 


Hannibal 


5 




Wolf Point 












NEBRASKA 

Alliance 




WUlraar 






Windom 


















Jackson 




MISSISSIPPI 






Jennings 




15 




Kennett 


Belle^TJe 


4 




Kinloch 

Kirksville 


Blair 


3 








r>!aI-t = HQlo' 


Kirkwood 


j Chadron 






Ladue 




., 




Lamar 


Crete 


4 




Lebanon 






Corinth 


Lees Summit 


Falls City 


., 




Lexington 




16 




Louisiana 
















Maiden 




37 




Maplewood 








Marceline 


Holdrege 


5 




Marshall 




13 




Maryville 






Leland 


Mexico 


McCook 


12 




Moberly... 


Nebraska City 

Norfolk 


5 


Louisville 


Monett 


16 


McComb 


Nevada 


North Platte 


23 




New Madrid.. _. 

North Kansas City... 
Ovorland 


O'Neill.. 


3 


Natchez 


Ogallala 


4 


New Albany 


Plattsmouth 


4 




Paeodale 




3 


Ocean Springs 


PiTie Lawn 


Scottsblufl 


15 




Poplar Bluff.. . 




4 








11 




Richmond Heights.... 
! Rock Hill 


Superior 


5 




Valentine 


4 


Tupelo 


' Rolla 


Wahoo 


2 


Water Valley 


St Ann 


West Point 


3 






York 


6 






NEVADA 
Boulder City 




Yazoo City 


Salom -. 




MISSOURI 


Sedalia 

Shrewsbury 


22 




Slater 


Carson City .-. 


6 






Elko 


11 


Berkeley 


Trenton 


Ely 


5 








66 


Bolivar 


1 Valley Park 


North Las Vegas 


7 



37 



Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 

30, 1952, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROxM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 

[Based on 1950 decennial census] 



City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


NEVADA-Continued 


9 
4 

30 
15 
22 
3 
9 
6 
4 
16 
19 
8 
4 
3 
5 
35 
14 
7 
1 

51 
5 

13 
6 

15 

29 

15 
11 
5 

12 
13 

22 

4 
15 

9 
13 
25 
14 

4 

2 
30 

7 
22 

8 
15 
22 

8 
18 
27 

3 
23 

4 
50 

6 
37 
16 

8 

3 
11 
30 

4 

8 
10 

4 

7 
22 


NEW JERSEY-Con. 


14 

26 
13 
5 
12 
19 

,§ 

64 
17 
16 
17 
4 
5 
8 
10 
10 
7 
20 
3 

16 
8 
4 
33 
47 
21 

11 
14 

5 
14 

9 
15 

9 

5 

5 
17 

5 
27 

7 
25 
15 

7 

6 
22 

4 
24 

5 

28 
14 

6 
10 
17 

8 
19 

5 
11 

9 
25 

9 
19 

9 
10 

6 
22 

4 
56 

6 

4 
27 
16 
17 
31 


NEW JERSEY-Con. 
River Edge 


15 




Gloucester City.. 


Riverside ... 


6 




Riverton 

Rockaway 


5 


NEW HAMPSHIRE 


Haekettstown 

Haddon Heights 


2 
33 




Roselle Park 


16 




Haledon 


Rumson 


10 




Hammonton 


Runnemede 


6 






Rutherford 


21 




Hasbrouck Heights... 


Salem 


10 


t^ . r." 


Sayreville 


16 




Highland Park 

Highlands 


Secaucus . 


24 




Somerville.. 


20 






South Amboy 

South Bound Brook.. 
South Orange 


20 




Hillsdale 


4 






37 


Mil ford 


Kenilworth 


South Plainfield 

South River . ... 


12 






20 


. ewpo t--- 




Summit 


39 






Tenafly 


25 




Leonia 


Toms River 


12 






Totowa 


8 






Union Beach- 


3 


NEW JERSEY 


Lodi 


Ventnor City 


27 




Verona 


















Waldwick 










Atlantic Highlands... 


Wallington 




Manville 




\udubon .. - -. 








Margate City 


Washington 

West Caldwell 

West Long Branch-.. 
West Paterson 












Maywood 


3 




Merchantvilie 

Mctuehen 








Middlesex 








Midland Park 

Millto\TO 












Bound Brook 


Millville 


Wildwood 


24 


Bradley Beach 

Brideeton 


Morris Plains 


Williamstown 




Morristown 


17 




Mount Ephraim 




19 










New Milford 


NEW MEXICO 




nape May 


New Providence 










North Arlington 

N orth Haledon 

North Plainfield 

Northfield 


7 






12 


riavton 


Belen 


8 




Carlsbad 


17 










Cloister 


Ocean Citv 


Clovis 


16 








5 


Crosskill 


Oceanport 


Farraiugton 


8 




Oradell 


Gallup... . 


16 




Palisades Park 

Palmyra 


Hobbs 


19 




Las Cruces 


12 




Paramus 


Las Vegas City 


9 


Kast Rutherford 




4 






25 




Penns Grove 


Lovington 


7 


Ess Harbor City 


Pliillipsburg 


Portales 


6 


Pitman . . .. ... 


Raton - . 


6 






Silver City 


11 




Point Pleasant 

Point Pleasant Beach. 
Pompton Lakes 


Socorro 


4 


Fair view 


Truth or Consequen- 






6 






12 




Prospect Park 


NEW YORK 
Albion 








Frankliu 


Ramsey 








6 




Red Bank 


Amityville 


12 




Ridgefield 


Babylon .. 


15 




Ridgefield Park 

' Ridgewood 


Baldwinsville 


4 


aien Ridge 


Ballston Spa 


4 



38 



Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 

30, 1952, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 

[Based on 1950 decennial census] 



City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


NEW YORK-^Con. 

Batavia 


23 

21 

5 

fi 
22 

3 
12 

4 

2 

4 

.5 

7 

3 
43 

2 

2 
29 
28 

8 

fi 

9 
14 

3 
27 

9 

7 

8 

9 

5 

9 
32 

2 
24 

3 

2 

3 

7 
42 
20 
40 
27 
26 
34 
28 

4 

6 

3 

2 

6 

4 
10 

2 

17 
12 
14 

1 

4 

2 

5 
21 

4 
16 

8 
52 
13 
13 
52 
24 
12 
26 

7 1 

10 1 


NEW YORK-Con. 

Larchmont 

LeRoy 


22 

4 

10 
15 
12 

4 
43 

3 
39 

6 
12 
18 
32 
12 

9 
30 

3 

10 
13 

3 

11 
15 

3 
19 
31 

8 
11 
12 

32 

17 
15 
25 
23 
9 
fi 
16 
34 
23 
6 
4 
24 
14 
45 
13 
9 

19 
15 
48 

13 
9 

30 
6 

40 

11 
8 
3 
5 
6 

15 
4 

I 

3 
9 
20 
5 

22 
20 

6 
2 
5 


NEW YORK-Con. 

^^'a^saw 


3 


Bath 


Waterford . .. 




Liberty 




4 
24 


Blasdell 


Lindenhurst 


Watervliet 




Little Falls 






Bronxville 


Liverpool 


Wellsville 


13 


Canajnharie 


Long Beach 


AVest Elmira 


2 




Lowvillo . 


Westfield .. 




Canastota 


Lvn brook 


Whitehall 


3 


Canisteo 


Lvons 


Whitesboro 


J 


Canton 


Malone 


Yorkville 

NORTH CAROIINA 

Ahoskie 










Catskill 


Mamaroneck 




Cohleskill 


Massena 










Cocperstown 


Middletown 


Albermarle 






Mohawk 










Beaufort 

Belmont 




Cortland 


Mount Kisco 






Mount Morris 

New York Mills 

Newark 


Bessemer City 

Boone 




Croton on Hudson 




Dansville 


Brevard 






North Pelham 

North Syracuse 

North Tarrvtown 

North Tonawanda_..- 












T)olgfevillo 


Chapel Hill 




Dunkirk 


ChcrrvvUle 










East Rochester 


Norwich 


Concord 






Nvack 






Ellenville 








Elmira Heights 


Olean 


Dunn 


10 




Oneida 










Elizabeth City 

Elkin 




Falconer 


Ossining 


fi 


Floral Park _. 




Forest City 




















Frankfort. 




Graham 






PeokskilL^. 

Pelham Manor 

Penii Yan 


Greenville 




Freeport 


1 Hamlet 


9 


Fulton 


1 Henderson 


20 






Hendersonville 

Hickory 




Geneva 


Plattsburg 


31 


Glen Cove 


Pleasantville 


Jacksonville 


10 


Glens Falls.. 




Kings Mountain 










Goshen 


Potsdam 

Rensselaer 


Laurinburg 


14 




Leaks ville 










Granville 


Rockville Centre 

Rye_-_ 

Salamanca 

Saranac Lake 

Saratoga Springs 


Lexington 


22 






9 








Hamburg 


Lumberton 


IS 


Hamilton 


Marion 


9 






15 






Mooresville 




Herkimer 


Scotia 


Morehead City.. 


9 


Highland 






Highland Falls 








Homer 


Silver Creek 


Mount Olive 


.■i 


Hoosick Falls 






9 


Hornell 


Pnhviv _ 


North Wilkesboro 

Oxford . . 


9 




S,,nt!i I'.lrns Falls.. ^.. 

S ll:.I.i|MMn 

SpriiiL' \ mIIcv 






Plvniouth 

Reidsville 


4 


Hudson Falls 


25 




Roanoke Rapids 

Rockingham 


16 


Ilion. .. 


SulTem 


7 


Irvington 


Tarrytown 


Roxboro 




Islip 




Rutherfordton 


5 




'J'oimwunda 

Tuckuhdr 




Johnstown 


San ford 


13 


Kenmorc. 

Lake Placid 


TupiMT Lake 

Wald.Mi. . 

Walton .. 


Scotland Neck 

Selnia 


2 

4 




Shelby . 




Lancaster 


Wappingers Falls 


Smithfield- 


10 



39 



Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 

30, 1952, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 

[Based on 1950 decennial census] 



City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


NORTH CAROLINA - 
Continued 


6 
25 
15 
22 

4 

5 
17 

8 

6 
30 

21 
7 

10 
4 

10 
7 

23 
3 
8 
4 

10 

3 

4 

16 
31 
9 
2 
5 
5 
7 
14 
18 
9 
9 
15 
17 
13 
5 
6 
10 
9 
8 
15 
3 
18 
16 
5 
3 
8 
9 
9 
17 
9 
8 
3 
11 
13 
6 
8 

10 
8 
4 
14 
22 
5 
11 
4 


OHIO Continued 

Elmwood Place.. 


5 

15 
5 
9 

22 

15 
6 

18 
8 

20 
6 

12 
1 
7 
4 
6 
4 

10 
3 
6 
5 
3 

16 
7 
9 
9 

23 
7 
4 
6 
5 

U 
6 
5 
2 
3 
7 
3 

13 
4 

13 

14 
5 
9 
7 
8 
9 
4 
3 
6 
3 

15 
8 
4 
8 
3 

12 
8 
7 
5 

18 
3 
3 
5 
6 
6 

13 

25 
7 
4 
3 
5 

18 
8 
7 


OHIO— Continued 
Piqua 










Statesville 


Fairport Harbor 

Fairview Park 

Findlay 


Port Clinton 


g 








Thoniasville 


Reading 


12 


Valdese 


Fostoria 

Franklin 

Fremont 


Rittman 


2 








\\';i.shington 


Rossford 


3 


Wuyuesville 

White ville 


Oallipolis 

Garfield Heights 


St. Bernard 

St. Clairsville 

St. Marys 

Salem 

Sebring 


14 
3 


Wilson 


Girard. 

Golf Manor 


12 




4 


NORTH DAKOTA 


Grand view Heights... 

Granville .. 

Greenfield 

Greenhills 


Shadyside 






Shelby 

Sidney 


10 
13 


Devils Lake 


Silverton . 


6 




Greenville 


Solon 


4 






South Euclid 


18 


,];iniostown 


Hillsboro 


Strongsville 


5 




Hubbard 


Struthers 


15 


Minot 


Huron 


Tallmadge. 


3 


Rugby -- 


fronton 


Tiffin . 


16 




Tipp City 




Wahpeton 


Kent 


Toronto . 


6 


Williston 


Kenton 


Troy 


11 




Lancaster 


Uhrichs ville 


6 


OHIO 




University Heights... 

Upper Arlmgton 

Upper Sandusky 


19 




Leetonia 


13 


Ada 


Lincoln Heights 


5 




9 


Ashland 


Lockland 


Van Wert 


15 






Wadsworth 


10 


Athens 


London 


Wapakoneta 


6 






Warrensville Heights. 
Washington C. H .. 
Wauseon 


6 


Avon Lake 


Louisville 


12 


Barnesville 


I^vndhurst 


1 


Bay.. 




Wellington. .. 

Wellston 


3 


Bedford 


Maple Heights 

Mariemont 


6 


Bellaire 


Wellsville 


7 


Bellefontaine 


Marietta 


West Carrollton 

Westerville 


7 


Bellevue 


Martins Ferry.. 

Marysville 

Maumee.. 

Mayfleld Heights 

Medina 

Miamisburg 

Middleport 

Minerva 

Mingo Junction 

Montpelier 

Mount Vernon 


5 




Westlake 


s 


Bexley 


Whitehall . . 


2 


Bowling Oreen 


Willard 


5 


Brecksville 

Bridgeport 


Wlllouarhby 

Willowick 


15 
9 








Brooklyn 


Windham 


4 


Bryan 


Wooster 


16 


Cadiz 


Xenia 

OKLAHOMA 
Ada 


15 






Campbell 


Nelsonville 




Carey 


New Boston 




ritiTollton... 


New Lexington 

New Philadelphia 

Newburgh Heights... 

Ne wcomerstown 

Newton Falls 










1 hii'Tin Falls 


\lva 


5 




Anadarko 

Ardmore 




Cliillicothe 


27 


Circle ville 


Niles 


Atoka 


3 


Clyde 


North Baltimore 

North Canton 

North College Hill.... 
North Olmsted.. .. 

North Royalton 

Norwalk 


Bartlesville 


23 






5 








Coshocton 


Broken Arrow 

Chandler 


3 


Crestline 


2 


Deer Park. 


Checotah 

Cherokee 

Chlckasha 


2 


Defiance 


Oakwood 


5 


Delaware 




18 


Dennison . 


Orrville 


Claremore 


7 


Dover 


Ottawa 


Clinton 


10 


East Liveri)ool 


Oxford 


Cordell 


2 


East Palestine. 


Painesville 


Cushing 


13 


Eastlake 


Parma TTeights 

Perrysburg 




2 


Eaton 


Drumrigiit... 


4 



40 



Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 

36, 1952, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,00(^-Con. 

[Based on 1950 decennial census] 



City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


OKlAHOMA^Con. 

Duncan 


19 

10 
5 

10 
8 
7 

13 

3 
8 
4 
6 
3 
2 
5 
3 
4 
3 
4 
4 
22 
15 
11 
5 
3 
6 
30 
6 

3 
5 
25 
3 
4 
4 
3 
6 
11 
2 
11 
26 
19 
4 
4 
4 
6 
3 
2 
3 
3 
9 
5 

14 
9 

19 

12 
2 

12 
4 

11 
5 

16 
5 
5 

13 
4 
6 
6 
6 

25 

10 
8 


OREGON-Continued 

McMinnville 


8 

24 
4 
6 
3 
6 
3 
6 

12 
5 

15 
5 
4 

14 
5 
8 
4 

16 
7 

11 
5 
2 

2 
6 

19 
3 
2 
4 

12 
2 
5 
4 
6 
2 
3 
4 
8 
8 

22 
2 
8 

13 
1 
2 

11 
5 
6 
7 
3 
3 

22 

23 

15 
9 
5 

13 

I 

12 
2 
30 
2 
4 
14 
18 
15 
11 
4 
3 
18 
24 
4 


PENNSYLVANIA- 
Continued 

Clarks Summit 






Medford.. 

Milwaukie 




Eflmond- 


5 


El Reno - 


Newberg 


Clifton Heights 

Clvmer 


Elk City 


Newport 




Frederirk 








Guthrie 


Nyssa 


Coatesville 


1 


Guymon 


Ontario 




Healdton 






Henryetta 




Connellsvillc 

Conshohocken 


Hobart 






Holdenville 




Hollis. 






14 
9 
12 


Hominy 






Hugo 


St. Helens 




Idabel 


Seaside 




Lindsay 


Silvcrton 


Curwensville 


2 


Madill 




Mangum 






5 

2 
6 

15 
17 


Marlow 


The Dalles 




McAlester 




Derry - 


Miami 


West Linn 


Midwest City 


PENNSYLVANIA 




Nichols Hills 




Nowata 


Downingto \vn 


Okemah 


8 
3 
10 
14 
22 
3 
2 
5 


Okmulgee 


Ambler 




Pauls Valley 






Pawhuska 








Apollo 




Perry 




PoncaCity 




East Conemaugh 

East Lansdowne 

East Mauch Chunk, _. 

East McKeesport 

East Pittsburgh 

East Stroudsburg 


Poteau 


Ashland 


Pryor Creek 




Purcell 




4 

15 
6 
4 
4 
5 
2 
2 


Sallisaw 


A valon 


Sand Springs 


A voca 


Sapulpa. - .- 


Baden 


Sayre. . 






Seminole- 






Shawnee 




Elizabeth 


Stillwater 


Beaver Falls 


Elizabethtown 






15 
2 
4 
8 


Tahlequah 


Bellefonte 




Tonkawa 






Vinita.. 






Wagoner 


Bentleyville 


Etna 


Walters 






4 
21 
5 
3 

7 


Watonga 






Weathcrford 


Blakely 


Ford City 


Wewoka 






Woodward 


Boyertown 


Forest Hills 










OREGON 


Braddock 


Fountain Hill . 

Frackville 






Bradford 


J 


Albany 


Brentwood 


Franklin 

Freedom 


15 
4 
3 
2 


Ashland 








Baker 




Freeport 


Beavcrton 




Bend 


Brookville 


Gettysburg 


- 


Bums 


Brownsville 




2 


Coos Bay 
















Coryallis 


California 






Dallas 


Camp Hill 






Forest Grove 


Cannonsburg 


Greenville 


s 


Grants Pass 


Carbondale 






Gresham.. 


Carlisle 




., 


Hermiston.... 






1(1 


Hillsboro 


Castle Shannon 






Hood River 




. 


Klamath Falls 

Ln Grande 

Lebanon 


Chaiiibersburg 

Clairton 

Clarion 


Hollidaysburg 

Homestead 

Honesdalc 


5 
22 
4 



41 



Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 

30, 1952, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 

[Based on 1950 decennial census] 



City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


PENNSYLVANIA- 
Continued 

Hummelstowri 


1 

5 
13 

4 

14 
12 

4 
4 
2 
3 
17 
9 
4 
3 

17 

5 

7 
13 

2 

3 

C 

3 

4 
16 

14 

5 
6 
2 
2 
3 
2 
3 
4 

16 

22 
5 
9 
2 
5 

13 
3 
1 
9 
6 
4 
9 

19 
9 
1 
9 
7 
8 

10 
8 
6 
3 
1 

25 
2 

12 
2 
6 
5 
6 
4 

22 
2 
4 
2 

11 


PENNSYIVANIA— 
Continued 

Northumberland 


4 

7 
24 

2 

7 

6 

5 

4 

2 

2 

3 

2 

4 
13 

5 
25 
16 

2 
25 
27 
4 
13 
5 

12 
4 
3 
4 
5 
2 
6 
3 
6 
5 
5 
5 

12 
2 
9 

28 
3 
8 

5 
5 
9 
4 
4 
1 

12 
6 
3 

32 


PENNSYLVANIA— 
Continued 

Upland 


3 


Vandergrift 

Verona _ .. 


7 




Oakmont 


5 




Oil City 


Warren_ 


13 


Jeannette 


Old Forge 


Waynesboro 


8 


Olyphant 


Wavmesburg 


5 




Oxford 


Weatherly 


1 




Palmerton 


Wellsboro 


4 




Palmyra 


Wesley ville 


3 






West Chester 


14 


Kennett Square 


Patton 


AVest Hazleton 

West Homestead 

West Mifflin 




Pen Argyl __ 


12 




Perkasie 


14 




Philipsburg 

Phoenixville 


West Newton 


2 




AVest Pittston .__. 

West Reading 

West View 

W,'st Wvoiniiig 

Wcsl, ^'tiil; _..... 
W,.slni<.iil_ 


8 


Lansdale -- 


Pitcairn 


6 




6 




Plymouth 


2 




Port Allegany 


3 




5 




Portage 


Whitt'liall 


8 








13 




Pottsville 

Prospect Park 

Punxsuta wney 

Quakertown 


Wilson 


4 




Windber 






Winton 


3 




Wyomissing ___ 


8 






Yeadon 


15 




Red Lion 


Youngwood- 








Zelienople 


3 


Mahanoy City 


Ridgwav- 


RHODE ISLAND 
Bristol 










Mansfield 


Roaring Spring 

Rochester 






15 






Central Falls 


35 


McAdoo 


St. Clair 


Westerly 


17 


McDonald -. - 


St. Marys 


SOUTH CAROLINA 
Abbeville 




McKees Rocks 

Meadville 


Schuylkill Haven 

Scottdale 




Mechanicsburg 




8 






20 






Anderson 


39 








2 


Midland 


Shillington 


Bamberg 


3 




Shippensburg 

Slatington 


Batesburg 


3 


Millersville 


Beaufort 


7 






Belton 


5 






Bennettsville 


9 


Minersville 




Camden 


16 




South Greensburg 

South Williamsport--. 


Cayce 






Cheraw 


7 




Chester. __ 


12 






Clinton 


11 


Moosic 




Clover 








Conway 


14 




Steelton 


Darlington 


13 






Denmark 


4 






Dillon 


9 






Duncan 


1 








5 






Edgefield. 


3 








39 


Myerstown 




Fort Mill 


11 


Nanticoke 


Tamaqua 


Gaffney 

Georgetown 


16 


Nanty Glo 




13 


Narherth 




Great Falls 


8 


Nazareth 


Throop 


Greenwood 

Greer 

Honea Path 


32 






17 






3 


New Holland 


TrafEord 


Kingstree .. 


7 






Lake City.. 


8 


North Catasauqua 

North East 






17 


Tyrone 


Laurens . . .. 


13 


North Wales 






8 


Northampton 


1 Uniontown 


McColl 


5 



42 



Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 

30, 1952, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 

[Based on 1950 decennial census] 



City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


SOUTH CAROLINA- 
Continued 


9 
10 
16 
25 
42 
5 
25 
16 
6 
4 
6 
9 

24 
4 

7 
3 
4 
7 

15 
6 
3 
9 

14 
5 

10 
3 
3 
2 
4 
5 

15 
3 
4 
9 

7 
20 
18 

5 
23 

6 
5 

17 

15 
3 
7 

11 

16 
7 
2 

10 
2 

33 
4 
8 
9 
5 

4 
4 
5 

13 
3 
7 
7 


TENNESSEE- Con. 


15 
4 

15 

10 
6 
6 

11 
3 
3 
4 
5 

15 
5 

1 
10 
11 
4 
3 
2 
3 

n 

2 
6 
2 
5 

22 
3 
8 
4 

21 
4 
8 

16 
3 
5 
5 
5 
6 

24 

22 

2 
4 
3 
9 
6 
2 

10 
3 
4 
2 
8 
2 
1 
3 
8 

17 
6 
1 
4 
5 
4 
5 

17 

21 

8 
3 
5 
6 
11 
8 


TEXAS— Continued 

Elgin 






Mount Pleasant 




MuUins 


Falfurrias... _. 


4 


Myrtle Beach 


Paris 


Fort Stockton.- 

Fredericksburg 


3 




Pulaski ._ 


8 
12 


Rock Hill. 


Rockwood 

Shelby vine 


Gainesville 




Odlpm Prjrt 


7 




South Pittsburg _ 

Sparta . . 




Union 


Gatesville 


3 
4 
2 
12 

5 
19 




Sweetwater 






Trenton 






Union City 






Winchester 


Graham _ 

Grand Prairie 




TEXAS 


SOUTH DAKOTA 








Haltom,.. 


11 




Alamo Heights. 

Alice 








Hamlin .. 


3 








20 


Canton 


Alvin 


Henderson 


11 


Deadwood. 


Andrews 


Henrietta 


2 


Hot Springs 




Hereford 


4 


Huron.. 


Arlington 


Highland Park 
Hillsboro 


19 


Lead 




6 


Lemmon 




Hondo 


1 


Madison 


Bastrop 


Huntsville 


5 


Mitchell 




Irvmg 


6 






Jacksboro 


2 


Pierre 


Beeville 


Jacksonville. 


9 


Redfield 


Bellaire 


Jasper 

Jefferson 


3 


Sisseton 




2 


Spearfish 




Kaufman. 


2 






Kenedy 


4 


Vermillion 




Kermit 


4 






Kerrville 


9 


Webster ■ 


Bowie 


Kilgore 


14 


Winner... 




Killcen. 


8 


Yankton 


Breckenridge 


Kingsville 


13 




Brenham 




2 
13 
1 
9 




Brownfield.. 




Alcoa. 


Brownwood 

Bryan 


Lancaster_... 

Lpvelland 


Bristol . 

Brownsville 


Carrizo Springs 

Carthage 


Littlcfifld.... 

Livingston 


6 


Cleveland 

Clinton 


Childress 

Cisco 


Lufkin.... 

Luling 


15 
2 
2 

19 

13 
3 

14 
6 


Columbia.... 

Cookeville 


Clarksville 

Cleburne... 


Marshall 


Dickson 


Cleveland 




Dyersburg 


Coleman 


A/TnTrinnoTT 


Elizabethton 


College Station " 

Colorado City 
















5 
5 

7 
8 
5 


Gallatin 






Grecneville 




Mineral Wells 


Harriman . 




Henderson 


Corsicana 




Humboldt 




Mount Pleasant 


7 


Jefferson City 




Kingsport 


Cuero.. 




3 


LaFollette 


Dalhart 


Nederland 

New Braunfels 

Nocona. 

Olney 

Orange 

Paducah 


Lawrenceburg 


Decatur . 


13 


Lebanon.. 




4 

2 
26 


Lenoir City. 


Denison 


Lewisburg 


Denton 


Lexington 




Loudon 


Dumas 


1") 


Martin 


Kagle Lake 






Maryville 


Eagle Pass 


Paris 


22 


McKenzic... 


Eastland 






McMinnville. 




Perryton 

Pharr.. 




Milan 


Electra... 


9 



43 



Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 

30, 1952, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 

{Based on 1950 decennial census] 



City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


1 
i 

City 


Number 
of police ■ 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


TEXAS-Continued 


18 
5 

2 
8 
10 
3 
2 
5 
2 
21 
2 
4 
1 
3 
5 
7 

12 
16 
3 
7 
1 
8 
27 
24 
3 
21 
6 
16 
10 
9 
2 
10 
12 
4 
3 

5 
4 
2 
10 
6 
2 
4 

3 

12 
6 
6 
3 
5 
4 
3 
8 
3 
1 
3 
5 
4 
5 
6 
3 

5 
10 

3 
2 
9 

4 


VERMONT-Con. 
Rutland 


23 

7 
8 
9 
2 
4 
6 

7 

4 

4 

7 

6 

4 

6 

5 

23 

8 

3 

4 

8 

6 

8 

5 

7 

14 

7 

7 

20 

11 

7 

18 

19 

20 

17 

11 

4 

7 

25 

9 

5 

5 

12 

13 

3 

10 

15 

29 

24 

33 

4 

15 

18 

6 

20 

8 

27 

6 

9 

3 

6 
12 

9 

2 

5 

3 

2 
10 

4 


WASHINGTON-Con. 


2 


Port Lavaca. 


St. Albans 


Grand Coulee 










Quanah 


Springfield 


Kelso 




Raymond ville 

Robstown 


Waterbury 






Windsor 


Kent 




Rotan . 


Winooski... 


Kirkland 




Rusk 


VIRGINIA 


Longview 




San Benito 


Moses Lake 




Seymour 


Mount Vernon 

Navy Yard, Bremer- 






Sinton 


AltaVista 




Slaton 


Ashland 


North Richland 

Olympia 




Smithville 


Bedford.... .. 


South Houston-. 


Big Stone Gap 

Blacksburg 


Omak - 




Stamford .. . .. . 


Pasco 




Stephenville 


Blackstone 


Port Anffplps 




Sulphur Springs 


Bluefield 


Port Townsend 




Bristol 


Tahoka 


Buena Vista 


Pullman 




Taylor ._ 


Chincoteague . 


Puyallup 




Teague 


Christiansburg 

Clifton Forge 


Raymond 

Renton 




Terrell 




Texarkana-. 


Colonial Heights 








Sedro Woolley 




Tulia 


Culpeper 




University Park 


Emporia 


Snohomish 




Uvalde 


Falls Church. 


Sumner 






Farmville 








Franklin 


Toppenish... 

Tumwater 

Walla Walla 




Weatherford 


Fredericksburg 

Front Royal 








Weslaco 


Galax 






W. University Place.. 


Hampton 


Wenatchee 








WEST VIRGINIA 

Beckley 




Yorktown 


Hilton 






Hopewell 




UTAH 


Lexington 






Luray 


Benwood 




American Fork 


Marion 


Bluefield 




Bingham Canvon 


Martinsville 


Buckhannon 




Bountiful 


Norton 


Charles Town 




Brigham 


Orange 


Cedar City 


Phoebus 


Chester 




Clearfield 


Pulaski.... 


Dunbar 




Helper 


Radford 


Elkins 






Richlands 






Lehi.-.::::::::::::::: 


Salem 






Logan .. 


South Boston 


Hinton 




Midvale 


South Norfolk 

Staunton 












Nephi.... 


Suffolk 






Orem 


Vinton 








Virginia Beach 

Waynesboro 






Pleasant Grove 


McMechen 




Price 








Richfield 


Winchester. - 


Mullens 




Roy 


Wytheville 


New Martinsville 

Nitro 




St. George. 


WASHINGTON 
Aberdeen. 




South Salt Lake 


Oak Hill 




Spanish Fork 






Springville 






Tooele 

Vernal 


Anacortes 

Auburn 


Point Pleasant 






Buckley.,. 


Salem 




VERMONT 


Camas 




Bellows Falls 


Centralia 

Chehalis 


South Charleston 

War 


15 
3 


Bennington 


Cheney 


Weirton 


22 




Colfax 


Welch 




Essex Junction 


Colville 




Middlebury 


Dayton 


Weston 

Williamson 


■* 


Montpelier 

Newport 






Enumclaw. 


10 



44 

Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 

30, 1952, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 

[Based on 1950 decennial census] 



City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


WISCONSIN 


3 
12 
13 
13 
10 
6 
3 
3 
7 
3 

16 
6 
4 
17 
7 
f. 
2 
5 
4 
4 
10 

5 

4 
6 
32 
3 
8 
3 
4 
4 
7 
2 
4 


WISCONSIN-Con. 


3 
16 
18 
2 
3 
2 
21 
10 
13 
1 
12 
19 
3 
6 
4 
7 
4 
2 
3 
6 
4 
6 
10 
6 
13 
6 
6 
6 
3 
7 
3 
24 
19 
8 
4 
19 


WISCONSIN-Con. 




Antigo 


Marinette 


Sturgeon Bay 


9 




Marshfield 








Mauston 


Tomahawk 


4 




Mayville.- 






Berlin 


Medford 


Viroqua 


6 












Menomonie 

MerrilL.. 


Waukesha 


33 






5 




Monona 


Waupun 


6 


Chippewa Falls. 

Clintonville- 




West Bend.. 




Neenah 

Neillsville-. 


West Milwaukee 

Whitefish Bay 

Whitewater 

Wisconsin Rapids 

WYOMING 

Buffalo.. 


15 




26 


Cudahy 


New London 


5 


De Pere 


New Richmond 

Oconomowoc 


19 


Delavan 




Bodgeville 

Edgerton 

Elkhom 






Onalaska 




Park Falls.. - 


3 


Evansville 


Platteville 

Plymouth 

Port Washington 


Casper 


25 




Cody... . 




Fox Point 


Douglas 










Hartford 


Reedsburg.... 


Green River 






Lander 

Laramie .. 




Hudson 


Rice Lake 


14 


Hurley 


Richland Center 






Powell 




Jefferson 


River Falls 


Rawlins 


10 










Kewaunee 


Sheboygan Falls 


Rock Springs 


10 




Sheridan 

Thermopolis.. 

Torrington 

Worland 


12 


Ladysmith 


South Milwaukee 

Sparta 

Spooner 


3 




6 


Lake Mills 


4 















OFFENSES CLEARED AND PERSONS ARRESTED 

Offenses Cleared by Arrest, 1951 

Police cleared 79 of each 100 crimes against the person in 1951 by 
the arrest of 68 offenders. They arrested 19 persons for the 24 crimes 
against property cleared out of each 100 such crimes in 1951. The 
average for all part I crimes was 27 out of each 100 offenses cleared by 
the arrest of 22 persons. 

The percentage of oft'enses against the person cleared ranged m the 
individual categories from 94.9 percent for murders to 77.1 percent for 
aggravated assaults. Clearances of negligent manslaughters were 
second highest, 86.8 percent, followed by rape, 78.9 percent. Clear- 
ances by arrest in crimes against property were highest m the robbery 
classification with 40.3 percent. For each 100 burglaries, auto thefts 
and larcenies, the police cleared 29.1 percent, 25.3 percent and 21.0 
percent respectively. 

These averages are based on the reports of 1,724 police agencies 
representing a combined population of 55,776,246. The police re- 
ported 886,078 part I oft'enses with 240,547 cleared by the arrest of 
193,961 persons. Of these crimes, 51,533 involved felonious assaults 
and killings and 40,490 were cleared by the police. The reports reflect 
that 200,057 of the 834,545 crimes against property were cleared by 
arrest of 159,066 offenders. 

As indicated by the above figures, the arrest of one individual 
may clear several crimes. The contrary is also encountered in police 
work. Several individuals may be arrested for the joint commission 
of one crime, thus clearing only one oft'ense. 

(45) 



46 



OFFENSES CLEARED BY ARREST 

OFFENSES AGAINST THE PERSON 



CALENDAR YEAR 1951 

• 1,724 CITIES 

• 55,776,246 POPULATION 

NOT CLEARED 





^''^j!0^ 


^ 

^ 




^^^ 


d 



CLEARED 




FBI CHART 



Figure 3 



47 



Table 15.— OFFENSES KNOWN, CLEARED BY ARREST, AND PER- 
SONS CHARGED (HELD FOR PROSECUTION), 1951, BY POPULA- 
TION GROUPS, NUMBER PER 100 KNOWN OFFENSES 

[Population figures from 1950 decennial census] 



Population group 



TOTAL, GROUPS I- VI 

1,724 cities; total population, 
55.776,246: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Persons charged 

GROUP I 

33 cities over 250,000; total popula- 
tion, 22,362.425: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Persons charged 

GROUP II 

50 cities, 100,000 to 250,000; total pop- 
ulation, 7,156,914: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Persons charged 

GROUP m 

96 cities, 50,000 to 100,000; total popu- 
lation, 6,893,728: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Persons charged 

GROUP IV 

189 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; total popu- 
lation, 6,640,525: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Persons charged 

GROUP V 

518 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; total popu- 
lation, 7,975,779: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Persons charged 

GROUP VI 

838 cities under 10,000; total popula- 
tion, 4,746,875: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Persons charged 



Criminal hom- 
. icide 



Mur- 
der, 
non- 
negli- 
gent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



100.0 
94.9 
93.7 



100.0 
97.1 



100.0 
90.6 
99.2 



100. 
92.2 



100.0 
95.6 



100.0 
94.3 
101.0 



100.0 

85.6 
81.7 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



100. 
86.8 



100.0 
87.6 
84.7 



100.0 
94.5 
82.5 



100.0 
79.9 



100.0 
79.4 
77.0 



100.0 
86.5 



100.0 
81.3 
79.7 



Rape 



100.0 
78.9 
72.8 



100.0 
79.0 
62.9 



100.0 
76.8 
81.4 



100.0 

74.7 
87.3 



100.0 

79.2 
91.8 



100.0 
84.6 
92.7 



Rob- 
bery 



100.0 
40.3 
39.9 



100.0 
40.2 
36.2 



100.0 
37.6 
42.9 



100.0 
40.0 

48.5 



100.0 
40.9 
51.4 



100.0 
45.0 
51.3 



100.0 
48.4 
56.0 



Aggra- 
vated 



100.0 
77.1 
64.8 



100.0 
73.7 
54.0 



100.0 
71.5 
62.0 



100.0 

84.2 
81.0 



100.0 

84.7 
87.5 



100.0 
89.1 
91.5 



100.0 
89.9 
94.4 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



100.0 
29.1 
21.9 



100.0 

28.5 
20.0 



100.0 
27.3 
20.9 



100.0 
28.1 
20.2 



100.0 
28.6 
2.3.1 



100.0 
32.4 
26.3 



100.0 
36.8 



Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 



100.0 
21.0 
16.2 



100.0 
21.0 
16.5 



100.0 
19.5 
16.1 



100.0 
19.8 
15.7 



100.0 
19.1 
15.7 



100.0 
22.5 
14.5 



100.0 
27.5 
20.5 



The number of offenses cleared and the number of persons charged 
are expressed in the foregoing table in terms of each 100 crimes known 
to the police m 1 ,724 cities. This tabulation is arranged by grouping 
cities of similar size. The following table presents the actual number 
of offenses known and cleared, together with the percent cleared in 
these same cities arranged by geographic location. 



48 



OFFENSES CLEARED BY ARREST 

OFFENSES AGAINST PROPERTY 



CALENDAR YEAR 1951 

• 1,724 CITIES 

• 55,776,246 POPULATION 



( ^ 




i 


h 




^^^ 

^^^>^ 


^^ 




^ 






NOT CLEARED 



CLEARED 




FBI CHART 



Figure 4. 



49 



Table 16.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN, NUMBER AND PER- 
CENTAGE CLEARED BY ARREST, 1951, BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVI- 
SIONS 

[Population figures from 1950 decennial census] 





Criminal hom- 
















icide 








Bur- 
















Mur- 








Aggra- 


glary— 


Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 




Geographic division 


der, 
non- 
negli- 


Man 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 


Rape 


Rob- 
bery 


vated 
as- 
sault 


break- 
ing or 
enter- 


Auto 
theft 




gent 








ing 








slaugh- 


gence 
















ter 
















TOTAL, All DIVISIONS 


















1,724 cities; total population. 


















55,776,246: 


















Number of offenses known 


2.732 


1,783 


6,315 


27, 654 


40, 703 


190, 479 


518,954 


97,458 


Number cleared by arrest 


2,593 


1,548 


4,983 


U, 140 


31,366 


55, 522 


108, 728 


24, 667 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


94.9 


86.8 


78.9 


40.3 


77.1 


29.1 


21.0 


25.3 


New England States: 


















109 cities; total population, 


















4,291,491: 


















Number of offenses known. _ 


53 


142 


273 


673 


543 


9,817 


27,287 


5,369 


Number cleared by arrest. . _ 


50 


116 


270 


385 


519 


3,294 


6,446 


1, 405 


Percentage cleared by arrest. 


94.3 


81.7 


98.9 


57.2 


95.6 


33.6 


23.6 


26.2 


Middle Atlantic States: 


















389 cities; total population, 
9,791,609: 
Number of offenses known _ _ 


















245 


286 


576 


2,512 


3,129 


21, 560 


43, 757 


10, 216 


Number cleared by arrest . . . 


228 


273 


487 


953 


2,450 


5,686 


9,026 


2,311 


Percentage cleared by arrest. 


93.1 


95.5 


84.5 


37.9 


78.3 


26.4 


20.6 


22.6 


East South Central States: 


















54 cities; total population, 
1,862,782: 
Number of offenses known. _ 


















217 


105 


197 


881 


2,011 


7,767 


14,013 


3,978 


Number cleared by arrest . _ . 


208 


97 


160 


256 


1,499 


1,920 


3,207 


935 


Percentage cleared by arrest. 


95.9 


92.4 


81.2 


29.1 


74.5 


24.7 


22.9 


23.5 


West South Central States: 


















98 cities; total population. 


















4,167,986: 


















Number of offenses known. . 


412 


222 


532 


1,759 


3,245 


19, 551 


45, 898 


9,884 


Number cleared by arrest . . . 


382 


206 


415 


699 


2,623 


5,185 


10, 943 


2,399 


Percentage cleared by arrest. 


92.7 


92.8 


78.0 


39.7 


80.8 


20.5 


23.8 


24.3 


Mountain States: 


















86 cities; total population, 
1,582,925: 
Number of offenses known _ _ 


















40 


18 


197 


929 


622 


7,952 


25,529 


3,555 


Number cleared by arrest . _ . 


43 


15 


151 


389 


472 


2,140 


5,055 


1,025 


Percentage cleared by arrest. 


9.3.5 


83.3 


76.6 


41.9 


75.9 


26.9 


19.8 


28.8 


East North Central States: 


















438 cities; total population, 
16,997,458: 
Number of offenses known. _ 


















781 


429 


2,407 


11, 924 


12, 003 


54, 128 


164, 773 


27. 148 


Number cleared by arrest. ._ 


7.53 


343 


1,906 


4,807 


8,602 


16, 554 


33, 520 


7, 761 


Percentage cleared by arrest. 


96.4 


80.0 


77.3 


40.3 


71.7 


30.6 


20.3 




West North Central States: 


















193 cities; total population, 


















5,503,595: 


















Number of offenses known. . 


182 


111 


501 


2,300 


3,240 


18, 079 


48, 051 


8,509 


Number cleared by arrest . . . 


173 


96 


417 


1,083 


2,294 


5,840 


11,319 


2,550 


Percentage cleared by arrest. 


95.1 


86.5 


74.3 


47.1 


70.8 


32.3 


23.6 


30.0 


South Atlantic Statas:' 


















159 cities; total population. 


















5,929,742: 


















Number of offenses known. . 


630 


259 


781 


2, 839 


13, 993 


24, 056 


59, 191 


14, 256 


Number cleared by arrest. _. 


601 


241 


680 


1,397 


11,604 


8,084 


16,411 


3,179 


Percentage cleared by arrest. 


95.4 




87.1 


49.2 


82.9 


33.6 


27.7 


22.3 


Pacific States: 


















198 cities; total population. 


















5,648,658: 


















Number of offenses known. . 


166 


211 


731 


3,837 


1,917 


27, 569 


90, 455 


14, 543 


Number cleared by arrest . . . 


155 


161 


497 


1,171 


1, .303 


6,819 


12, 801 


3,102 


Percentage cleared by arrest. 


93.4 


76.3 


68.0 


30.5 


08.0 


24.7 


14.2 


21.3 



Includes the District of Columbia. 



50 

Persons Charged, 1951 

The larger eities tend generally to report a greater number of per- 
sons arrested and charged per 100,000 inhabitants. While the arrest 
rate in the largest cities in most crime classifications greatly exceeds 
that in smaller cities, there are extreme variations. 

Cities with populations in excess of 250,000 were lowest in 1951 in 
arrest rates for liquor law violations and driving while intoxicated. 
The smallest city group (those cities having less than 10,000 inhab- 
itants) were exceeded in arrests per 100,000 population for driving 
while intoxicated by only one large city group, cities with 50,000 to 
100,000 inhabitants. Persons were arrested and charged more fre- 
quently per unit of population for crimes of burglary and auto theft 
in cities under 10,000 population than in cities in the 10,000 to 
100,000 population groups. 

The following three tables concerning persons arrested and charged 
present data taken from arrest records of the reporting police depart- 
ments. In this respect, the information differs greatly from the 
number of crimes committed (offenses known) as reported by the 
police. This distinction may be illustrated by a typical armed 
robbery of a business establishment by three armed bandits. When 
the police department is notified of the occurrence of this crime it 
prepares an appropriate memorandum of the available facts. Later 
an investigation or ofl^ense report is written. Based on this informa- 
tion, one ofi'ense known (robbery) would be scored on the monthly 
crime report of the police department. If the police arrest and charge 
the three criminals with the robbery, only one offense of robbery 
would be listed on the monthly crime statistics report as cleared by 
arrest. However, in preparing the annual report of persons arrested 
and charged, the police would properly list 3 separate persons charged 
although only one offense of robbery is involved. If only one in- 
dividual breaks into three business houses for the purpose of stealing 
merchandise and he is later arrested and charged with burglary, the 
police would in their report show 3 oft'enses of this type, 3 offenses of 
burglary cleared by arrest, and one individual arrested and charged. 

Special questionnaires were collected from the 1,724 police depart- 
ments represented in the following tabulations and in addition, letters 
were written to 45 percent of these departments as an aid in deter- 
mining the quality of the reports. Of the 1,724 reports used, 96 
percent correctly included the number of persons charged and not the 
number of charges placed against an individual. For example, an 
individual arrested and charged, on the same occasion, with robbery 
and assault, should be reported as one person charged with robbery, 
the more serious offense according to the crime classification in use. 

Over 90 percent of the reporting police departments indicated that 
all or some juveniles were included in the arrest data on persons 
charged and over 85 percent stated that all juveniles arrested and 



51 

charged were represented in the returns. Ahnost 99 percent of the 
returns inchidmg juvenile arrests listed them opposite the classifica- 
tion indicating the crime committed, such as robbery or auto theft, 
etc., although some technical charge such as "juvenile delinquent" 
may have been placed against the offender at the time of his arrest. 
There were 21 departments that reported arrests of juveniles opposite 
"all other offenses." 



Table 17.— PERSONS CHARGED (HELD FOR PROSECUTION), 1951, 
NUMBER AND RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS, BY POPULA- 
TION GROUPS 

[Population figures from 1950 decennial census] 



Offense charged 



Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegli- 
gent manslaughter: 
Number of persons 

charged 

Rate per 100,000 

.b) Manslaughter by neg- 
ligence: 
Number of persons 

charged 

Rate per 100.000 

Robbery: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Aggravated assault: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Other assaults: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Burglary— breaking or enter- 
ing: 
Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Larceny— theft: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Auto theft: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Embezzlement and fraud: 
Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Stolen property; buying, re- 
ceiving, possessing: 
Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Forgery and counterfeiting: 
Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Rape: 

Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Prostitution and commercial 
ized vice: 
Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Sex offenses (except rape and 
prostitution): 
Number of persons charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Narcotic drug laws: 

Number of persons charged. 
Rate per 100,000 



Total ^'•°"P 



1,724 cities: 
total pop- 
ulation, 
55,776,246 



26,28 
47. 



89, 757 
160.9 



41, 715 
74.8 



84, 126 
150.8 



2,191 
39.8 



13, 542 
24.3 



4,467 
8.0 



8,554 
15.3 



21.511 
38.6 



7,119 
12.8 



33 cities 
over 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
22,362,425 



705 
3.15 



12, 766 
57.1 



33, 628 
150.4 



35, 331 
158.0 



10, 273 
45.9 



6,304 
28.2 



3,063 
13,7 



2,431 
10.87 



Group 
II 



50 cities, 
100,000 to 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
7,156,914 



378 
5.28 



1,395 
19.5 



3,135 
43.8 



6,073 
84.9 



12, 754 
178,2 



2,526 
35.3 



1,239 
17.3 



582 
8.13 



5,340 

74.7 



3,424 
47.8 



Group 

in 



96 cities, 
50,000 to 

100,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
6,893,728 



257 
3.73 



146 
2.12 



4,053 

58.8 



12, 198 
170.9 



4.622 
67.0 



10, 277 
149.1 



2,163 
31.4 



1,182 
17.1 



3,460 
50.3 



2,572 
37.3 



Group Group Group 
IV V VI 



189 cities, 
25,000 to 

50,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
6.640,525 



237 
3.57 



157 
2.36 



2,955 
44.5 



11,718 
176.5 



4,675 
70.4 



2,313 
34.8 



1,678 
25.3 



1,319 
19.9 



518 cities, 
10.000 to 

25.000; 

popula- 
tion, 
7,975,779 



195 
2.44 



113 
1.42 



11, 899 
149.2 



5,247 
65.8 



2. 566 
32.2 



1,171 
14.7 



1,229 
15.4 



1,113 
14.0 



838 cities 
under 
10,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

4,746,875 



1,099 
23.2 



5,425 
114.3 



3,468 
73.1 



5,889 
124.1 



600 
12.6 



645 
13.6 



253 
5.33 



52 



Table 17.— PERSONS CHARGED (HELD FOR PROSECUTION), 1951, 
NUMBER AND RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS, BY POPULA- 
TION GROUPS— Continued 

[Population figures from 1950 decennial census] 



Offense charged 



Weapons; carrying, possessing, 
etc.: 
Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 

Offenses against family and 
children: 
Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 

Liquor laws: 

Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 

Driving while intoxicated: 
Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 

Traffic and motor vehicle laws: 
Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 

Disorderly conduct: 

Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 

Drunkeimess: 

Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 

Vagrancy: 

Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 

Gambling: 

Number of persons charged 
Rate per 100,000 

All other offenses: 

Number of persons charged. 
Rate per 100,000 



1,724 cities 
total pop- 
ulation, 
65,776,246 



15. 894 
28.5 



26. 418 
47.4 



39.643 

71.1 



324. 844 
582.4 



1, 152, 384 
2, 066. 1 



115, 109 
206.4 



72, 803 
130. 5 



> 266, 201 

477.5! 



Group 

I 



3.3 cities 
over 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
22,362,425 



7,762 
34.7 



6 5,991,641 
30, 627. 2 



166, 6% 
745.4 



51, 401 
229.9 



116,178 
519,5 



Group 
II 



50 cities, 
100,000 to 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
7,156,914 



2,223 
31.1 



14. 703 
205.4 



2, 577, 
36, 015, 5 



36, 049 
503.7 



181. &38 
2, 537. 9 



25, 560 
357,1 



11,321 

158,2 



27, 614 

385,8 



Group 
III 



96 cities, 
50.000 to 
100,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
6,893,728 



4,625 
67 



19,946 
289.3 



2,013,172 
29, 852. 4 



36, 448 
528.7 



132, 926 



12, 673 

183.8 



6,307 
91.5 



35. 279 
511.8 



Group 
IV 



189 cities, 
25,000 to 
50,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
6,640,525 



3,607 
54.3 



5, 322 
80.1 



15,440 
232.5 



,823,485 
», 175. 7 



132, 706 



10, 314 
155.3 



32,829 
494.4 



Group 

V 



518 cities, 
10,000 to 
25,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
7,975,779 



1,426 
17.9 



20. 5C7 

257.8 



'2,069,191 
26, 540. 4 



11 37, 522 
471.5 



Groap 
VI 



838 cities 
under 
10,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

4,746,875 



82,247 
1, 732. 7 



2,065 
43. 5 



Footnotes 1-12: The number of persons charged and the rate are based on the reports from the number of 
cities indicated below: 



Footnote 


Cities 


Population 


Footnote 


Cities 


Population 


1_ 


1.722 
32 
517 

1,695 
31 
94 


54, 805, 442 
21,412,717 

7, 954, 683 
52, 424, 704 
19, 563, 149 

6, 743, 763 


7... - 


184 
507 
829 
1,721 
517 
836 




2 


8 


7 796 391 


3 


9 


4, 692, 660 






5 

6 .^.. 


11 — - 

12 


7, 958, 275 









All the 1,724 departments represented in the preceding tabulations 
did not separately report the three traffic violation classifications 
other than driving while intoxicated. However, a detailed analysis 
is available from 1,513 cities for (1) violation of road and driving 
laws, generally considered as moving violations, (2) parking viola- 
tions, and (3) other traffic and motor vehicle laws not including 
driving while intoxicated. These tlctailed data are in the following 
table. 



53 

Table 18.— PERSONS CHARGED (HELD FOR PROSECUTION), TRAFFIC 
VIOLATIONS, EXCEPT DRIVING WHILE INTOXICATED, 1951; 
NUMBER AND RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS, BY POPULATION 
GROUPS 



[Population figures from 1950 decennial census 


1 






\ 


TOTAL 


Group 


Group 
II 


Group 
III 


Group 
IV 


Group 


Group 
VI 


Offense charged 


1.513 cities; 
total pop- 
ulation. 
47,252.001 


29 cities 
over 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

18.688.208 


42 cities. 
100,000 to 

250.000; 

popula- 
tion. 
6.036,961 


83 cities, 
50.000 to 

100,000; 

popula- 
tion. 
5.977,566 


155 cities. 
25,000 to 
50,000; 
popula- 
tion. 
5.371.452 


448 cities, 
10,000 to 
25.000; 
popula- 
tion, 
6,886,092 


756 cities 
under 
10.000; 

popula- 
tion. 

4,291.722 


Road and driving laws: 

Number of persons 


2, 635, 348 
5, 577. 2 

10. 721. 250 
22, 689. 5 

579, 815 
1, 227. 1 


1, 432, 055 
7. 662. 9 

3, 816, 132 
20,420.0 

285, 725 
1,528.9 


283, 144 
4, 690. 2 

2, 001, 220 
33. 149. 5 

60, 785 
1, 006. 9 


312, 439 
5, 226. 9 

1, 468, 383 
24, 564. 9 

68, 033 
1, 138. 1 


179. 876 
3, 348. 7 

1. 339, 485 
24, 937. 1 

44, 003 
820.3 


260, 080 
3, 776. 9 

1, 465, 761 
21, 285. 8 

83, 405 
1,211.2 




Rate per 100.000 

Parking violations: 

Number of persons 


3, 908. 8 
630, 269 


Rate per 100,000 

Other traffic and motor vehicle 
laws: 
Number of persons 

charged 

Rate per 100.000 


14, 685. 7 

37, 804 
880.9 



Persons charged by 1,724 police departments during 1951 are 
represented in the following table by geographic area. The number 
of persons charged for each 100,000 inhabitants is also presented for 
each crime classification for each area. 

Comparison of the rates among the geographic divisions should be 
made with caution. Although a uniform crime classification is 
followed in preparing reports concerning persons arrested and charged 
by the police there may be many points of dissimilarity in the actual 
practices of the police in placing charges against arrested persons. In 
some areas it may be the local custom to place a charge of reckless 
driving against the operator of a motor vehicle who has negligently 
caused the death of another. Although the police would properly 
follow the uniform crime reporting system ui reporting the occurrence 
of an offense of negligent manslaughter, other factors may affect the 
actual charge for which the offender will be tried in court. Local 
custom is also reflected in the practice in some jurisdictions to charge 
an arrested person with disorderly conduct or vagrancy rather than 
filing a charge more nearly describing the actual violation, such as 
drunkenness, prostitution and commercialized vice, and assaults 
(fighting) . 



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PERSONS FOUND GUILTY 

(Percent of Persons Charged -Part 1 0ffenses) 

Calendar Year 1951 
CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY 




226 Cities Over 25,000 inliabitants Total Population 25,228,419 



Figure 5. 



57 

Persons Found Guilty, 1951 

Seventy-two percent of the persons arrested and formally charged 
by the police in 1951 were found guilty. The 226 cities representing 
25,228,419 inhabitants whose figures are represented in the accom- 
panying tables, obtained information from court records in order to 
follow and record the dispositions of cases of interest to the police. 

A person was most likely to be convicted in 1951 if charged with 
violation of liquor laws (83.7 percent found guilty). Persons charged 
with negligent manslaughter were more often found not guilty, with 
only 48.1 percent convicted. 

Information presented here concerning persons found guilty per- 
tains to final disj)ositions and not the dispositions at any preliminary 
judicial point according to the questionnaires returned by the cities 
whose figures are used here. Grouping of a few crime classes resulted 
from the unavailability of the desired information for single crime 
classifications. 

Table 20.— OFFENSES KNOWN, CLEARED BY ARREST AND NUMBER 
OF PERSONS FOUND GUILTY, 1951; 226 CITIES OVER 25,000 IN 
POPULATION 

[Total population 25,228,419 based on 1950 decennial census] 



Offense (Part I classes) 



Total- 



Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegli- 

gent manslaughter.- 

(b) Manalaughter by neg- 

ligence 

Rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary — breaking or enter- 
ing 

Larceny — theft (except auto 

theft) 

Auto theft 



Number of offenses 



Ivnown 
to the 
police 



464,664 



1,258 

806 
3, 929 
18, 120 
25, 246 

96, 277 

270, 968 
48, 060 



Cleared 
by arrest 



123,119 



1,212 

668 
3,018 
7,219 
18, 992 

28,185 

52, 218 
11,607 



Charged 
(held for 
prosecu- 
tion) 



1.133 

539 
2,279 
5.954 
13, 507 

17, 058 

37, 728 
9,611 



Number of Persons 



Number found guilty 



Total Offense Lesser 
guilty charged offense 



729 

259 
1,362 
4,326 
7,000 

12, 770 

28, 743 
6.164 



4,816 
10, 716 



5! 222 



5,947 



195 

63 

400 

975 

2,184 

2,054 



Percent- 
age found 
guilty 



64. 3 
48.1 



58 



PERSONS FOUND GUILTY 

(Percent of Persons Charged -Part 1 Offenses) 

Calendar Year 1951 
CRIMES AGAINST THE PERSON 




NEGLIGENT 48.1 ^<^ 

MANSLAUGHTER 539 charged 




226 Cities Over 25,000 Inhabitants Total Population 25,228.419 



Fi<;i RE 6. 



59 



Table 21.— NUMBER OF PERSONS CHARGED (HELD FOR PROSECU- 
TION) AND NUMBER FOUND GUILTY, 1951, 226 CITIES OVER 25,000 
IN POPULATION 

[Total population, 25,228,419, based on 1950 decennial census] 



Offense (Part II classes) 



TOTAL. 



Other assaults 

Forsery and counterfeiting 

Embezzlement and fraud- 

Stolon pnip'-rty; buying, receiving, etc 

Weapons; earryiiii;, possessing, etc 

Sex olTcnses (including prostitution and com- 
mercialized vice) 

Offenses against the family and children 

Narcotic drug laws . 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness; disorderly conduct: vagrancy.. 

Gambling 

Driving while intoxicated 

Traffic and motor vehicle laws 

All other offenses 



Number of persons charged (held for 
prosecution) 



TOTAL 
CHARGED 



1 8, 585, 514 

40, 235 
3,091 
6,818 
1, 920 
7,387 

23, 219 
13, 714 
4,235 
16, 050 
689, 635 
33, 308 
47, 131 

2 7, 580, 949 

117,822 



Number found guilty 



TOTAL Offense Lesser 

GUILTY charged offense 



6, 150, 754 



23, 913 
2,182 
4,331 
894 
5,631 

16, 070 
8, 659 
2.879 
13, 205 
512, 404 
22, 523 
33, 082 
, 386, 178 



713 
279 
349 
68 
205 

621 

390 

56 

232 

2, 303 

171 

3,209 

! 42, 115 

1,797 



Percent- 

ige found 

guilty 



71.6 



61.2 
79.6 
68.6 
50.1 
79.0 

71.9 

69^3 
83.7 
74.6 
68.1 
77.0 
71.6 
57.8 



1 The total figures are subject to footnote 2. 

2 Based on the reports of 214 cities, total population 22,824,023. 



60 



PERCENT OF PERSONS CHARGED 

PART 1 1 OFFENSES. CALENDAR YEAR 1951 




OTHER ASSAULTS 



61.2% 



FORGERY AND COUNTERFEITING 



EMBEZZLEMENT AND FRAUD 



STOLEN PROPERTY; Cfl 1*/ 

BUYING, RECEIVING, ETC. UU.I/o 



WEAPONS; CARRYING, POSSESSING, ETC. 



SEX OFFENSES (INCLUDING 

PROSTITUTION AND COMMERCIALIZED VICE) 



OFFENSES AGAINST 
FAMILY AND CHILDREN 



NARCOTIC DRUG LAWS 



LIQUOR LAWS 



DRUNKENNESS; 

DISORDERLY CONDUCT; VAGRANCY 



GAMBLING 



DRIVING WHILE INTOXICATED 



TRAFFIC AND MOTOR VEHICLE LAWS 



ALL OTHER OFFENSES 



57.8% 



FBI CHART 



♦FIGURES BASED ON REPORTS OF 214 CITIES WITH OVER 

25,000 INHABITANTS, TOTAL POPULATION 22,824,023 

ALL OTHER FIGURES BASED ON REPORTS OF 226 CITIES WITH OVER 

25,000 INHABITANTS, TOTAL POPULATION 25,228,419 



Figure 7. 



61 

Persons Released — Not Held for Prosecution, 1951 

In addition to listing arrest information for those persons against 
whom formal charges are placed, the police also tabulate data relative 
to those persons arrested who are released before being formally 
charged. Figures concerning persons released do not include persons 
who are charged and found not guilty. 

Persons released data include persons failing to respond to a sum- 
mons, notice, or citation, who are not subsequently brought into 
court by arrest or other means. The data include persons released 
with a warning as is the practice in some jurisdictions. 



Table 22.— PERSONS RELEASED WITHOUT BEING HELD FOR 
PROSECUTION, 1951; NUMBER AND RATE PER 100,000 INHABIT- 
ANTS, BY POPULATION GROUPS 

[Population figures from 1950 decennial census] 





TOTAL 


Group I 


Group II 


Group III 


Group IV 


Group V 


Group VI 


Offense Charged 


1,256 
cities; 
total, 
popula- 
tion, 
39,831,068 


26 cities 
over 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

14,373,714 


37 cities, 
100,000 to 
2.50,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
5,065,101 


78 cities, 
50,000 to 
100,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
5,601,550 


153 cities, 
25,000 to 

50,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
5,386,646 


397 cities, 
10,000 to 
25,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
6,128,805 


565 cities 
under 
10,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

3,275,252 


Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegli- 
gent manslaughter: 
Number of persons re- 
leased 


281 
0.71 

195 
0.49 

1,948 
4.9 

2,140 

5.4 

7.029 
17.6 

6,035 
15.2 

12, 387 
31.1 

2,708 
6.8 

984 
2.4 

539 
1.4 

989 
2.4 

611 
1.53 

4,898 
12.3 


155 
1.08 

88 
0.61 

1,040 

7.2 

1,041 
7.2 

3. 634 
2.5.3 

1, 564 
10.9 

4,107 
28.6 

770 
5.4 

314 
2.2 

182 
1.3 

173 
1.2 

244 
1.70 

4,444 
30.9 


44 
0.87 

12 
0.24 

254 
5.0 

345 
6.8 

660 
13.0 

650 
12.8 

1,439 
28.4 

264 
5.2 

157 
3.1 

48 
0.9 

119 
2.3 

87 
1.72 

199 
3.9 


16 
0.29 

39 
0.70 

165 
2.9 

126 
2.2 

322 
5.7 

556 
9.9 

819 
14.6 

325 
5.8 

54 
1.0 

36 
0.6 

90 
1.6 

47 
0.84 

63 
1.1 


35 
0.65 

29 
0.54 

247 

987 
18.3 

1,145 
21.3 

2, 255 
41.9 

432 
8.0 

198 
3.7 

115 
2.1 

307 
5.7 

95 
1.76 

19 

0.4 


14 
0.23 

15 
0.24 

159 
2.6 

185 
3.0 

885 
14.4 

1,223 
20.0 

2,164 
35.3 

521 

8.5 

154 
2.5 

85 
1.4 

183 
3.0 

102 
1.66 

120 
2.0 


17 


Rate per 100,000 

(b) Manslaughter by negli- 
gence; 
Number of persons re- 


0.52 
12 


Rate per 100,000 

Robbery: 

Number of persons released. 


0.37 

83 
2.5 


Aggravated assault; 

Number of persons released _ 


140 
4.3 


Other assaults: 

Number of persons released. 
Rate per 100,000 


541 
16.5 


Burglary— breaking or enter- 
ing: 
Number of persons released . 


897 
27.4 


Larceny — theft: 

Number of persons released. 


1, 603 
48.9 


Auto theft: 

Number of persons released 
Rate per 100,000 


396 
12.1 


Embezzlement and fraud: 

Number of persons released . 
Rate per 100,000 


87 
2.7 


Stolen property; buying, re- 
ceiving, possessing: 
Number of persons released. 
Rate per 100,000 


73 
2.2 


Forgery and counterfeiting: 
Number of persons released. 
Rate per 100,000 


97 
3.0 


Rape: 

Number of persons released. 

Rate per 100,000 

Prostitution and commercial- 
ized vice; 

Number of persons released. 

Rate per 100,000 


36 
1.10 

53 
1.6 



62 



Tablk 22.— persons RELEASED WITHOUT BEING HELD FOR 
PROSECUTION, 1951; NUMBER AND RATE PER 100,000 INHABIT- 
ANTS, BY POPULATION GROUPS— Continued 

[Population figures from 1950 decennial census] 





TOTAL 


Group I 


Group II 


a roup HI 


Group IV 


Group V 


Group VI 


Ollense Charged 


1,256 
cities; 
total 
popula- 
tion, 
39,831,068 


26 cities 
over 

2,'50,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
14,373,714 


37 cities, 
100,000 to 

2.50,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
5,065, 101 


78 citias, 
50,000 to 

100,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
5,601,5.50 


153 cities, 
25,000 to 

50,000; 

popula- 

5,386,640 


397 cities, 
10,000 to 

25,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
6,128,805 


565 cities 
under 
10,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

3,275,252 


Sex offenses (except rape and 
prostitution): 
Number of persons released 
Rate per 100 000 


1,381 
3.5 

797 
2.0 

1,183 
3.0 

1.887 
4.2 

1.448 
3.6 

' 1, 401 
3.5 

3 1,034,776 

2,755.0 

9.704 
24.4 

75,417 
189.3 

6,084 
15.3 

4,649 
11.7 

• 120, 202 
301.9 

" 20,883 
52.0 


341 
2.4 

469 
3.3 

657 
4.6 

402 
2.8 

6,'>4 
4.5 

129 
0.9 

* 181,924 
1,4.52.6 

1,840 
12.8 

38, 682 
269. 1 

594 
4.1 

3,817 
26.6 

73, 607 
512. 1 

5, 389 
37.5 


156 
3.1 

141 

2.8 

146 
2.9 

124 
2.4 

81 
1.6 

222 
4.4 

90,639 

1, 789. 5 

674 
13.3 

1.5.013 
296.4 

790 
15.6 

219 

4.:i 

7,733 
152.7 

2,172 
42.9 


131 
2.3 

63 

41 
0.7 

94 
1.7 

81 
1.4 

127 
2.3 

•155,388 
2, 8.50. 3 

1.051 
18.8 

6,918 
123.5 

.562 
10.0 

58 
1.0 

1.5, 1,58 
270.6 

1,777 
31.7 


378 
7.0 

41 

0.8 

143 
2.7 

222 
4.1 

233 
4.3 

148 
2.7 

« 252, 792 
4, 790. 6 

1, 409 
26.2 

4,431 
82.3 

962 
17.9 

190 
3.5 

7, 436 
138.0 

3,80n 
70.5 


247 
4.0 

53 
0.9 

123 
2.0 

494 

8.1 

202 
.3.3 

2 366 
6.0 

' 243. 285 
4, 063. 9 

2, 576 
42.0 

5. 503 

1. ,563 
2,5.5 

257 
4.2 

10, 8,59 
177.2 

■2 3. 884 
63.6 


128 
3 9 


Narcotic drug laws: 

Number of persons released 


30 
0.9 


Weapons; carrying, possessing, 
etc.: 
Number of persons released 
Rate per 100 000 


73 
2.2 


Offenses against family and 
children: 
Number of persons released 


351 
10.7 


Liquor laws: 

Number of persons released 
Rate per 100,000 


197 
6.0 


Driving while intoxicated: 

Number of persons released- 
Rate per 100 000 


409 
12.5 


Traffic and motor vehicle laws: 
Number of persons released _ 
Rate per 100,000 

Diserderly conduct: 

Number of persons released. 


M 10. 748 
3,401.7 

2. 154 

65. 8 


Drunkenness: 

Number of persons released 
Rate per 100,000 


4,870 
148.7 


Vagrancy: 

Number of persons released 
Rate per 100 000 


1,613 
49.2 


Gambling: 

Number of persons released 
Rate per 100,000 


lOS 
3.3 


Suspicion: 

Number of persons relea.sed 


10 5, 409 
165.7 


All other offenses: 

Number of persons released 


3,861 
117.9 







Footnotes 1-12: The number of persons released and the rate are based on the reports from the number of 
cities indicated below: 



Footnote 


Cities 


Population 


Footnote 


Cities 


Population 


1 

2 


1,255 
396 
1,238 
25 
76 
150 


39,809,972 
6, 107, 709 
37, 559, 751 
12, ,524, 146 
5,451,585 
5, 276, 785 


7 

8 


388 

562 
1,254 

563 
1,2.55 

396 


5, 986, 492 
3, 255, 642 


3 . 


9 




4 


10 


3 263 889 


a.._ _ 


11 


39,813,504 


6 - 


12 









63 

Table 23.— PERSONS RELEASED WITHOUT BEING HELD FOR PROSE- 
CUTION, TRAFFIC VIOLATIONS, EXCEPT DRIVING WHILE IN- 
TOXICATED, 1951; NUMBER AND RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS, 
BY POPULATION GROUPS 

[PopuUition figures from 1950 decennial census] 





TOTAI 


Group I 


Group II 


Group III 


Group IV 


Group V 


Group VI 




737 cities; 
total 

popula- 
tion, 

19,927,666 


12 cities 


14 cities, 


40 cities, 


89 cities, 


234 cities. 


348 cities 


Offense charged 


over 


100,000 to 


50,000 to 


25,000 to 


10,000 to 


under 




250,000; 


250,000; 


100,000; 


50,000; 


25,000; 


10,000; 




popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 


popula- 




tion, 


tion. 


tion, 


tion, 


tion, 


tion. 




6,149,531 


2,022,824 


2,973,150 


3,116.885 


3,613,300 


2,051,976 


Road and driving laws: 
















Number of persons released _ 


109, 300 


30, 666 


3,343 


4,202 


30, 954 


16,409 


23, 726 


Rate per 100.000 


548.5 


498.7 


165.3 


141.3 




454.1 


1,156.3 


Parking violations: 
















Number of persons released 


805, 848 


115, 192 


72, 074 


125. 616 


196, 777 


218, 994 


77, 195 


Rate per 100,000 


4, 043. 9 


1, 873. 2 


.3,563.0 


4, 225. 


6, 313. 3 


6, 060. 8 


3, 762. 8 


Other traffic and motor veliicle 
















laws: 
















Number of persons released 


38, 969 


10, 961 


2, 403 


3,018 


6,941 


7,185 


8, 461 


Rate per 100,000 - . 


195.6 


178.2 


118.8 


101.5 


222.7 


198.8 


412.3 







DATA COMPILED FROM FINGERPRINT RECORDS 

Source of Data 

Persons arrested by local law enforcement a<i:encies for whom finger- 
prints were received at the FBI totalled 423,214 during the first half 
of 1952. Age, sex, race, and previous criminal history data were noted 
from these arrest records of violators of State laws and municipal 
ordinances. Fingerprint records representing Federal law violators 
or commitments to penal institutions are regularly excluded from 
this study. 

The 423,214 fingerprint cards examined exceeded the 419,451 records 
processed during the first half of 1951 by less than 1 percent. All 
persons arrested by law enforcement agencies are not represented in 
fingerprint records since fingerprints are not recorded or sent to the 
F B I for all arrests. 

Arrest data do not indicate the number of offenses or crimes that 
have occurred since all crimes are not followed by the arrest of the 
offender. The number of persons arrested is not an index to the 
number of crimes committed currently by those persons since one 
individual may be responsible for several crimes, and it is possible for 
several persons jointly to have committed a single crime. 

Persons less than 21 years of age represented over 30 percent (28,785) 
of the 95,600 persons arrested for crimes against property during the 
first half of 1952. Although only 29.4 percent of all persons arrested 
were less than 25 years of age these same individuals numbered 55.1 
percent of all persons charged with robbery, 60.2 percent of those 
charged with burglary, 43.4 percent of those charged with larceny, 
and 69.4 percent of those charged with auto theft. Persons under 25 
years of age represented approximately one-half of all persons arrested 
for crimes against property during the first 6 months of 1952. 
Offense Charged 

Over 42 percent (178,241) of the persons represented by the finger- 
print cards were arrested for major violations. Charges of murder, 
robbery, assault, burglary, larceny, and auto theft numbered 112,520, 
or 26.6 percent of the total arrest records examined. 
Sex 

The number of males arrested during the first half of 1952 remained 
practically unchanged, increasing to 380,415 or less than 1 percent 
over the 377,507 examined. for the same period of 1951. 

Female arrests increased from 41,944 during the 1951 half year to 
42,799 in the same period of 1952, or 2.0 percent. 

((i4) 



65 

Age 

Persons under 21 years of age numbered 63,820 or 15.1 percent of 
the total arrests during the fh'st 6 months of 1952. An additional 
60,475 (14.3 percent) between the ages of 21 and 24 results in 124,295 
(29.4 percent) less than 25 years old. Arrests in the age group 25 to 
29 numbered 71,076 (16.8 percent) with the total arrests of all males 
and females below 30 years of age reaching 195,371, or 46.2 percent. 
These figures are complete to the extent that youthful offenders are 
fingerprinted. 



Table 24.— DISTRIBUTION OF ARRESTS BY SEX, 


JANUARY-JUNE 1952 


OffcTise Charged 


Number 


Percent 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 
100.0 


Female 


TOTAL 


423, 214 


380, 415 


42, 799 


100.0 


100 






Criminal homicide 


3,189 
9,704 

31, 042 

22, 907 
34, 839 
10, 839 

9.960 
1,686 
445 
5,220 
4, 483 
5,206 
9,663 
6,430 
5,122 
9,060 
7,503 

32, 375 
7.697 

221 
9,115 
22, 134 
99, 396 

23. 525 
7,643 

21, 136 
3,067 
19. 607 


2,752 
9,242 
27, 719 
22, 322 
30, 615 
10, 576 
8,942 
1,539 
385 
4,494 
4,483 
2,122 
8, 075 
5,375 
4,893 
8,578 
6,223 
30,905 
7,529 
215 
8,786 

18, 995 
90, 414 

19, 516 
6,848 

18, 655 
2,708 
17.509 


437 

402 
3,323 

585 
4,224 

263 
1,018 

147 
60 

720 


.8 
2.3 
7.3 
5.4 
8.2 
2.6 
2.4 

.4 

.1 
1.2 
1.1 
1.2 
2.3 
1.5 
1.2 
2.1 
1.8 
7.6 
1.8 

.1 
2.2 
5.2 
23.5 
5.6 
1.8 
5.0 

.7 
4.6 


2" 4 
7.3 
5.9 
8.0 

IS 

d 

'.f> 

2.1 

1.4 
1.3 
2.3 
1.6 
8.1 
2.0 

2! 3 
5.0 
23.7 
5.1 

1.8 
4.9 
.7 
4.6 


1 






Assault 


7 8 






Larceny-theft 


9 9 






Embezzlement and fraud 


2 4 


Stolen property; buying, receiving.etc. ^ _ 


.3 










Prostitution and commercialized vice 


3,084 
1, 588 
1, 0.55 

229 

482 
1,280 
1,470 

108 
6 

329 
3,139 
8,982 
4,009 

795 
2,481 

359 
2,098 


7.2 


Narcotic drug laws 


2 5 


Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Ofleuses against family and children 


.5 
1.1 
3.0 


Driving while Intoxicated 


3 4 


Road and driving laws 


4 




.8 
7.3 


Other traffic and motor vehicle laws 


Drunkenness 


21 




9.4 


Gambling 

Suspicion 

Not stated 


1.9 

5.8 
.8 


All other offenses 


4 9 







Less than ^-io of 1 percent. 



66 






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67 



Table 26.— NUMBER AND PERCENTAGE OF ARRESTS OF PERSONS 
UNDER 18, UNDER 21, AND UNDER 25 YEARS OF AGE, JANUARY- 
JUNE 1952 



Offense Charged 



TOTAL 

Criini rial homicide 

Robbery 

Assault 

Burglary — breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft 

Embezzlement and fraud -_. 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, etc 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Rape -- 

Prostitution and commercialized vice.. 

Other sex offenses 

Narcotic drug laws 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Offenses against family and children. __ 

Liquor laws 

Driving while intoxicated 

Road and driving laws 

Parking violations 

Other traffic and motor vehicle laws... 

Disorderly conduct 

Drunkenness 

Vagrancy 

Gambling 

Suspicion ' 

Not stated 

All other offenses 



Number of persons arrested 



Under Under Undc 
18 21 25 



20, 505 



117 

879 

707 

4,322 

3,304 

'l45 
72 
39 
182 
364 
53 
250 
260 
231 
26 
230 
101 
255 
2 
224 
661 
446 



2,165 



2,952 
3,204 
9,415 
9,111 
5,529 

729 

252 
80 

717 
1,429 

421 
1,068 
1,186 

875 

358 
1,392 
1,189 
1,658 
10 
1,591 
3,175 
3,643 
3,604 

253 
4,616 

315 
4,664 



124, 295 



864 
5,351 
8,045 
13, 792 
15, 131 
7, 518 
2,078 
532 
122 
1,623 
2, 460" 
1,473 
2,587 
2,872 
1,791 
1,647 
2,124 
4.423 
3,409 
46 
3,515 
6,966 
11,444 
7.084 
761 
8,287 
672 
7.678 



Percentage 



Under Under Under 
21 25 



3.7 
9.1 
2.3 

18.9 
9.5 

26.7 
L5 
4.3 
8.8 
3.5 
8.1 
1.0 
2.6 
4.0 
4.5 
0.3 
3.1 
0.3 
3.3 
0.9 
2.5 
3.0 
0.4 
3.6 
0.6 
7.7 
2.0 

11.0 



15.1 



12.0 
30.4 
10.3 
41.1 
26.2 
51.0 

7.3 
14.9 
18.0 
13.7 
31.9 

8.1 
11.1 
18.4 
17.1 

4.0 
18.6 

3.7 
2L5 

4.5 
17.5 
14.3 

3.7 
15.3 

3.3 
2L8 
10.3 
23.8 



29.4 



27.1 
55.1 
25.9 
60.2 
43.4 

20^9 
31.6 
27.4 
31.1 
54.9 
28.3 
26.8 
44.7 
35.0 
18.2 
28.3 
13.7 
44.3 
20.8 
38.6 
31.5 
11.5 
30.1 
10.0 
39.2 
21.9 



Age groups reflecting the largest number of arrests for males and 
females combined, are as follows: 

Age: Number of arrests 

18 15,540 

23 15,305 

21 15, 246 

22 . 15,040 

24 14,884 

Male arrests occurred most frequently at age 18, followed by ages 
23, 21, 19, and 24, in that order. During the first half of 1952, fe- 
males, age 22, were arrested most frequently, with decreasing numbers 
of arrests for ages 23, 21, 24, and 26, in that order. 
Criminal Repeaters 

Of the 423,214 fingerprint arrest records, 256,432 (60.6 percent) 
represented persons who already had fingerprint cards on file in the 
Identification Division of the FBI. 
Race 

Most of the persons represented in this study were members of 
the white and Negro races. Members of the white race represented 
304,111 of the 423,214 arrest records examined, while 111,376 were 
Negroes, 5,151 were Indians, 351 Chinese, 99 Japanese, and 2,126 
were representatives of other races. 



OFFENSE CLASSIFICATIONS 

In order to indicate more clearly the types of offenses included in part I and 
part II offenses, there follows a brief definition of each classification: 
Part I Offenses 

1. Criminal homicide. — (a) Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter includes all 
willful felonious homicides as distinguished from deaths caused by negligence. 
Does not include attempts to kill, assaults to kill, suicides, accidental deaths, or 
justifiable homicides. Justifiable homicides excluded from this classification are 
limited to the following types of cases: (1) The killing of a felon by a peace officer 
in line of duty; (2) the killing of a hold-up man by a private citizen, (h) Man- 
slaughter by negligence includes any death which the police investigation estab- 
lishes was primarily attributable to gross negligence on the part of some individual 
other than the victim. 

2. Rape. — Includes forcible rape, statutory rape (no force used — victim under 
age of consent), assault to rape, and attempted rape. 

3. Robbery. — Includes stealing or taking anything of value from the person by- 
force or violence or by putting in fear, such as strong-arm robbery, stick-ups, 
robbery armed. Includes assault to rob and attempt to rob. 

4. Aggravated assault. — Includes assault with intent to kill: assault by shooting, 
cutting, stabbing, maiming, poisoning, scalding, or by the use of acids. Does not 
include simple assault, assault and battery, fighting, etc. 

5. Burglary — breaking or entering. — Includes burglary, housebreaking, safe- 
cracking, or any unlawful entry to commit a felony or a theft, even though no 
force -was used to gain entrance. Includes attempts. Burglary followed by 
larceny is included in this classification and not counted again as larceny. 

6. Larceny — theft (except auto theft). — (a) Fifty dollars and over in value; 
(6) under $50 in value — includes in one of the above subclassifications, depending 
upon the value of the property stolen, thefts of bicycles, automobile accessories, 
shoplifting, pocket-picking, or. any stealing of property or article of value which 
is not taken by force and violence or by fraud. Does not include embezzlement, 
"con" games, forgery, worthless checks, etc. 

7. Auto theft. — Includes all cases where a motor vehicle is stolen or driven away 
and abandoned, including the so-called joy-riding thefts. Does not include taking 
for temporary use when actually returned by the taker, or unauthorized use by 
those having lawful access to the vehicle. 

Part II Offenses 

8. Other assaults. — Includes all assaults and attempted assaults which are not 
of an aggravated nature and which do not belong in class 4. 

9. Forgery and counterfeiting. — Includes offenses dealing with the making, alter- 
ing, uttering, or possessing, with intent to defraud, anything false which is made 
to appear true. Includes attempts. 

10. Embezzlement and fraud. — Includes all offen.ses of fraudulent conversion, 
embezzlement, and obtaining money or property by false pretenses. 

11. Stolen property, buying, receiving, possessing. — Includes buying, receiving, 
and possessing stolen property as well as attempts to commit any of those offenses. 

(68) 



12. Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. — Includes all violations of regulations or 
statutes controlling the carrying, using, possessing, furnishing, and manufacturing 
of deadly weapons or silencers and all attempts to violate such statutes or regula- 
tions. 

13. Prostitution and commercialized vice. — Includes sex offenses of a commer- 
cialized nature, or attempts to commit the same, such as prostitution, keeping 
bawdy house, procuring, transjjorting, or detaining women for immoral purposes. 

14. Sex offenses (except rape and prostitution and commercialized vice). — ■ 
Includes offenses against chastity, common decency, morals, and the like. In- 
cludes attempts. 

15. Offenses against the family and children. — Includes offenses of nonsupport, 
neglect, desertion, or abuse of family and children. 

16. Narcotic drug laws. — Includes offenses relating to narcotic drugs, such as 
unlawful possession, sale, or use. Excludes Federal offenses. 

17. Liquor laws. — With the exception of "drunkenness" (class 18) and "driving 
while intoxicated" (class 22), liquor law violations, State or local, are placed in 
this class. Excludes Federal violations. 

18. Drunkenness. — Includes all offenses of drunkenness or intoxication. 

19. Disorderly conduct. — Includes all charges of committing a breach of the 
peace. 

20. Vagrancy. — Includes such offenses as vagabondage, begging, loitering, etc. 

21. Gambling. — Includes offenses of promoting, permitting, or engaging in 
gambling. 

22. Driving while intoxicated. — Includes driving or operating any motor vehicle 
while drunk or under the infiuence of liquor or narcotics. 

23. Violation of road and driving laws. — Includes violations of regulations with 
respect to the proper handling of a motor vehicle to prevent accidents. 

24. Parking violations. — Includes violations of parking ordinances. 

25. Other violations of traffic and motor vehicle laws. — Includes violations of 
State laws and municipal ordinances with regard to traffic and motor vehicles 
not otherwise provided for in classes 22-24. 

26. All other offenses. — Includes all violations of State or local laws for which 
no provision has been made above in classes 1-25. 

27. Suspicion. — This classification includes all persons arrested as suspicious 
characters, but not in connection with any specific offense, who are released 
without formal charges being placed against them. 

o 



'-) • 



UNIFORM 

CRIME 
REPORTS 

FOR THE UNITED STATES 
AND ITS POSSESSIONS 




ISSUED BY THE 

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 

WASHINGTON, D. C 



Volume XXill Number 2 

ANNUAL BULLETIN • J952 



UNIFORM 
CRIME REPORTS 

FOR THE UNITED STATES 
AND ITS POSSESSIONS 



Volume XXIII— Number 2 
ANNUAL BULLETIN, 1952 



Issued by the 

Federal Bureau of Investigation 

United States Department of Justice 

Washington, D. C. 




International Association of Chiefs of Police 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1953 



Doctun I'ublic Li'jrary 
Superintendent of Documents 

MAY! 1953 



CONTENTS 



Page 

Summary of volume XXIII, No. 2 71-72 

Crime trends: 

Estimated number of major crimes (table 27) 73-74 

Urlmn crime trends (tables 28-30) 75-83 

Rural crime trends (table 31) __- 83-84 

Monthly variations (table 32) 85-90 

Crime rates: 

Urban crime rates (tables 33-36) 91-95 

Rural crime rates (table 37) 96 

Offenses in individual areas: 

Offenses in cities with more than 25,000 inhabitants (table 38) 97-105 

Offenses in Territories and possessions (table 39) 106 

Supplemental crime data: 

Offense analysis (ta))le 40) 107-108 

Value of property stolen by type of crime (table 41) 108-109 

Value of property stolen and value of property recovered (table 42) _ 109 

Age, sex, and race of persons arrested: 

Age distribution of persons arrested (tables 43-44) 110-115 

Sex distrilnition of persons arrested (table 45) _ 116 

Race distribution of persons arrested (table 46) 116-117 

Reporting area 118 

Classification of offen^ies 119-121 

Index to volume XXIII 122-123 

in) 



UNIFORM CRIME REPORTS 

J. Edgar Hoover, Director, Federal Bureau of Invostigation, U. S. Department of 
Justice, Washington, D. C. 

Volume XXIII JANUARY 1953 Number 2 



SUMMARY 

Estimated Number of Major Crimes 

Major crimes climbed above the 2 million mark in 1952. The up- 
surge in crime was reflected in all crime categories for an overall 
increase of 8.2 percent over the 1,882,160 estimated crimes in 1951. 
Crimes of violence rose 10.2 percent Avhile burglaries and thefts in- 
creased 8 percent. The total of 2,036,510 major crimes estimated for 
1952 reflected a continuance of the general rise in crime noted at the 
mid-year point. 
Crime Trends, Urban-Rural 

Crime in cities rose 8.1 percent in 1952 with increases reflected in 
each crime classification for the first time in 7 years. A study of cities 
arranged by location reflects increases from 2.2 percent to 14.8 percent. 
Aggravated assaults and robberies lead other crimes with increases 
of 12.5 percent and 11.2 percent, respectively. 

City crimes in 1952 were 32.9 percent above the 1937-39 prewar 
average. These long range trend figures show all crimes in excess of 
the base years 1937-39 with increases from 7.4 percent for negligent 
manslaughters to 116.5 percent for aggravated assaults. 

Rural crimes in 1952 were 8.6 percent above 1951 with robberies 
showing the greatest increase, 13.5 percent. Only negligent man- 
slaughters decreased in rural areas (1 percent). 
Monthly Variations 

Crimes against the person increase in the warm months of the year 
while crimes against property tend to rise in the dark winter months. 
Pocket-picking, purse-snatching, shoplifting, and thefts from autos 
(except accessories) conform generally to the crime against property 
trend while bicycle thefts occur more frequently during vacation and 
the early fall months. Auto accessory thefts rise soon after the first 
of the year but start their decline before the end of spring. Negligent 
manslaughters (mostly traffic deaths) are an exception to the seasonal 
pattern of crimes against the person, occurring with less frequency 
during summer months. 



(71) 



72 

Property Recovered 

Police recovered over 92 percent of stolen automobiles in 1952. 
Recoveries of other types of stolen property were made as follows: 
Cm-rency and jewelry, 11.6 percent; fm-s, 6.2 percent; clothing, 19.1 
percent; and miscellaneous property, 28 percent. 
Persons Arrested 

The original uniform crime reporting plans of the International 
Association of Chiefs of Police have been rounded out with the adop- 
tion of age, sex, and race arrest data as reported by contributors. 
Prior to this issue of the bulletin and until the police generally could 
prepare the full complement of reports required, the FBI has pub- 
lished arrest analyses obtained from fingerprint arrest cards. Age, 
sex, and race data in this and subsequent annual issues cannot be 
compared with fingerprint data previously published. 

Of the 1,110,675 arrests reported by 232 cities over 25,000 in popu- 
lation, 86,128 or 7.8 percent were of persons under 18 years of age. 
Nearly half (48 percent) of all persons arrested for crimes against 
property involved persons under 21 years of age. The 232 cities 
represented in the arrest tabulations have a combined population of 
23.3 million 



CRIME TRENDS 

Estimated Number of Major Crimes 

Over 2 million major crimes for the year resulted from an upswing 
in all crime categories in 1952. Crimes of violence rose 10.2 percent 
throughout the Nation accompanied by an increase of 8.0 percent in 
burglaries and thefts. The 1952 estimated total crime, 2,036,510, 
was 8.2 percent above the 1951 figure, 1,882,160. 

Felonious assaults lead the increases with an 11.8 percent rise. 
Armed and strong-arm robberies followed closely and were up 11.6 
percent. Other vicious crimes increased as follows: Murder, 5.7 
percent; rape, 2.6 percent; and manslaughter by negligence, 2.5 percent. 

Thieves stole 9.3 percent more automobiles, burglarized 8.8 percent 
more places and committed 7.5 percent more other thefts in 1952 than 
in 1951. 

Estimates cover major crimes, the part I class of offenses, as desig- 
nated by the International Association of Chiefs of Police under the 
uniform crime reporting program. Other crimes of major impor- 
tance are not included since the program does not provide for 
collecting "offenses known to the police" data about them. Examples 
of those crimes necessarily excluded from the estimates of major 
crimes are arson, sex crimes other than rape, carrying concealed 
weapons, and embezzlement. Accordingly, the total major crime 
figures are considered conservative. 



Table 27.— CRIME TRENDS, URBAN AND RURAL 

[Estimated number of major crimes in the United States, 1951-52] 



Offense 


Number 


of offenses 


Change 


1951 


1952 


Number 


Percent 


TOTAL-- .. ... .- . 


1, 882, 160 


2, 036, 510 


+154,350 


+8.2 






Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 


6,820 
5,510 
16.800 
52,090 

78,640 

407, 130 

1, 118, 210 

196, 960 


7,210 
5,650 
17, 240 
58, 140 

87, 930 

442, 760 

1, 202, 270 

215,310 


+390 

+ 140 

+440 

+6, 050 

+9,290 
+35. 630 
+84, 060 
+18, 350 


+5.7 




+2.5 


Rape.- 


+2.6 
+ 11.6 


Aggravated assault 


+ 11.8 




+8.8 


Larceny— theft 


+7.5 
+9.3 







(73) 



74 



CRIME TREND -as. 

BASED ON THE ESTIMATED NUMBER OF MAJOR CRIMES 

1951 vs. 1952 -- PERCENT CHANGE 



TOTAL 

MURDER 

NEGLIGENT 
MANSLAUGHTER 

RAPE 

ROBBERY 

AGGRAVATED 
ASSAULT 

BURGURY 

URGENY 

AUTO THEFT 



1952 PERCENT CHANGE 



+ 8.2 




+ 5.7 



t 

I 



+ 2.5 
+ 2.6 



+ 11.6 
+ 11.8 



+ 8.8 
+ 7.5 
^ + 9.3 



fm ctwtT 



Figure 8. 



75 

Urban Crime Trends 

Urban crime in 1952 rose 8.1 percent over the previous year and for 
the first time in 7 years increases were registered in each offense 
classification. The 1951-52 trend data are based on the crime reports 
received for those years from 2,330 cities representing a combined 
population of 67,095,898. With these reporting cities divided into 
six individual groups according to population, increases were registered 
for each group ranging from a 2.7 percent rise for the group with popu- 
lation of 50,000 to 100,000 to an increase of 12.6 percent in cities under 
10,000 population. 

In addition, a rearrangement of the cities according to the nine 
geographical divisions of the country shows increases in every area 
from 2.2 percent in East South Central to 14.8 percent in the South 
Atlantic States, 

Aggravated assault and robbery showed the greatest increases, 12.5 
percent and 11.2 percent, respectively, followed by an upward trend 
in auto theft of 9.8 percent and in burglary, 8.6 percent. The rise in 
car thefts and burglaries was general throughout the country, showing 
upward trends during 1952 in cities of every population gi'oup and in 
each geographic division. 

Murders in urban communities rose 8.5 percent during 1952 and 
other increases were: Larceny, 7.1 percent; negligent manslaughter, 
6.2 percent; and a slight rise in rape of 0.3 percent. 

The crimes reported by the foregoing 2,330 cities during 1951-52 
are sho^^'ll in table 28 with the cities subdivided according to popula- 
tion group and in table 29 with the cities grouped by State and geo- 
graphic division. In view of the widespread nature of the increases, 
the additional tabulation, table 30, was prepared in the interest of 
presenting long-term-crime-trend data. The figures in table 30 are 
limited to the crime reports of 363 cities with over 25,000 inhabitants, 
total population 47,407,067, according to the 1950 census and the 
offenses reported by these cities during each of the years 1937-52 are 
shown. The tabulation includes all of the Nation's larger cities from 
which complete and apparently correctly prepared reports were 
received for each of the years indicated. 

The long-term-crime-trend information is graphically sho^vn in 
figure 10 where the data for the years 1940-52 are presented in relation 
to the average for the years 1937-39. The table and illustrations 
point up an almost uninterrupted rise over the years in crimes of rape 
and other felonious assaults to very high points in 1952. Alurders 
and negligent manslaughters have followed generally similar trends, 
declining during the early war years, up in 1945 and 1946, then declin- 
ing until 1950. 

The graphs plotted over the years by the crimes of burglary and 
larceny are quite similar. They both showed a tendency to decline 



76 

during the earlyrpart of World War II but increased rather steadily 
since. Auto theft and robbery frequency fluctuated sharply during 
the period studied but like all offenses ended up in 1952 in excess of 
the prewar average figures. 

The crime trend data covering 1937-52 are shown in terms of raw 
figures and it must be recognized that the jjopulation of the reporting 
cities has undergone marked changes during the 16 years shown. 
Between the 1940 and 1950 decennial censuses for example, the num- 
ber of inhabitants alone in these 363 cities included in the study 
increased nearly 16 percent. Some of the other factors affecting the 
extent of crime in a community are presented on page 97. 



Table 28.— URBAN CRIME TRENDS, 1951-52, BY POPULATION 

GROUPS 

[Offenses known to the police in 2,330 cities, total population 67,095,898, based on 19.50 decennial census] 



Population group 



TOTAL: 

1951 

1952 

Percent change. 



Group I: 38 cities over 
250,000; total popula- 
tion, 24,565,777: 

1951 ._. 

1952 -. 

Percent change 

Group II: 63 cities, 
100,000 to 250,000; total 
population, 9,245,979: 

1951 _ ._ 

1952 -. 

Percent change 

Group III: 121 cities, 
50,000 to 100,000; total 
population, 8,578,659: 

1951 

1952-- 

Percent change 

Group IV: 238 cities, 
25,000 to 50,000; total 
population, 8,370,623: 

1951 

1952 

Percent change 

OroupV: 605 cities, 10,fK)0 
to 25,000; total popula- 
tion, 9,350,032: 

1951 

1952 

Percent change _ 

Group VI: 1,205 cities 
under 10,000; total 
population, 6,984,828: 

1951 

1952 

Percent change 



1, 053, 088 
1, 138, 106 

+8.1 



456, 453 
505, 478 
+ 10.7 



172, 429 

179. 828 

+4.2 



135, 280 
138, 888 

+2.7 



121, 178 
128. 120 

+5.7 



111, 908 
123. 152 
+10.0 



55, 840 
62, 860 
+12.6 



Murder 

and 
nonneg 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



3,218 
3,490 

+8.5 



1.643 
1,809 
•f 10. 1 



510 

592 

+9.0 



272 

297 

+9.2 



250 

276 

+10.4 



161 
174 

+8.1 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 



2.110 
2.241 
+6.2 



973 
1,076 
+10.6 



240 

280 
+ 16. 7 



246 

275 

+11.8 



106 

95 

■10.4 



Rape 



7,446 
7,465 
+0.3 



4,487 
4,458 
-0. G 



519 
552 

+6.4 



354 

420 

+18.6 



Rob- 
bery 



32, 834 
36, 293 
+ 11.2 



21,453 
24. 623 

+14.8 



4,244 
4.362 

-f2.8 



2,629 

2,783 
+5.9 



1,925 
1.900 
-1.3 



1, 516 
1, 635 

+7.8 



867 

990 

+14.2 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



47, 527 
53,471 
+ 12.5 



30. 659 

+17.5 



6,391 
7,004 
+9.6 



6,390 
6,763 

+5.8 



4,173 



3,012 
3,364 
+11.7 



1,472 
1,731 
+17.6 



Bur- 

glary- 
break- 
ing or 
entering 



232, 632 

252. 526 

+8.6 



102. 851 
114.053 

+10.9 



38, 956 
42, 291 

+8.6 



29, 124 
29. 773 

+2.2 



24, 944 
26, 645 

+6.8 



23, 349 
25, 016 

+7.1 



13,408 
14, 748 
+ 10.0 



Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 



609, 598 
653, 136 

+7.1 



238, 688 

260. 586 

+9.2 



101, 738 

103, 751 

+2.0 



82,539 
84, 310 

+2.1 



78, 201 
83, 052 
+6.2 



73,880 
82,202 

+11.3 



34, 552 
39, 235 
+13.6 



Auto 
theft 



117,921 

129, 484 

+9.8 



68. 214 
+13.2 



19,296 
20,403 
+5.7 



13,342 
13,966 

+4.7 



10,896 
11.449 

+5.1 



9,198 
9,985 

+8.6 



4,920 
5,467 
+11.1 



77 



URBAN CRIME TRENDS 

Offenses Known to the Police 

1951--1952 PERCENT CHANGE 



1952 PERCENT CHANGE 




+ 11.2 



+ 12.5 



+9.8 



2,330 CITIES 
TOTAL POPULATION 67,095,898 



Figure 9. 



248072°— 53- 



78 



Table 29. 



URBAN CRniE TRENDS, 1051-52, 
DIVISIONS AND STATES 



[Offenses known to the police in 2,330 cities, total population, 67,095,! 



BY GEOGRAPHIC 

based on 1950 decennial census] 



Divisions and States 



Murder 

and Man- 
nonnee-i slaugh- 



ligent 
man- 
ilaugh- 



ter by 
negli- 
gence 



Rape 



Rob- 
bery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Bur- 

ing or 
enter- 
ing 



TOTAL, 2,330 cities; pop- 
ulation, 67,095,898: 

1951 

1952 

Percent change 



New England, 144 cities; 
popuhUion, 5,656,775: 



1952 

Percent change. 



Connecticut, 27 cities; 
population, 1,165,015: 

1951 

1952 

Maine, 21 cities; popula- 
tion, 353,930: 

1951 

1952 

Massachusetts, 61 cities; 
jiopulation, 3,264,244: 

1951 

1952 

New Hampshire, 14 cities; 
population, 243,696: 

1951 

1952 

Rhode Island, 9 cities; 
population, 512,708: 

1951.-- 

1952 

Vermont, 12 cities; popu- 
lation, 117,182: 

1951 

1952 

Middle Atlantic, 535 cities; 
population, 10,504,936: 

1951 

1952- 

Percent change 



New Jersey, 134 cities; 
population, 3,104,748: 

1951-- 

1952-.- 

New York, 179 cities; 
population, 3,843,805: 

1951 

1952.- 

Pennsylvania, 222 cities; 
population, 3,556,383: 

1951 

1952 

East North Central, 563 
cities; population, 18,- 
199,767: 

1951 

1952- 

Percent change -. 



1,053,086 
1, 138, 106 

-fS.l 



3,218 
3,490 

+8.5 



2,110 
2,241 
-f6.2 



7,446 
7,465 
+0.3 



32, 834 
36. 293 
+ 11.2 



47, 527 
53.471 
+12.5 



56, 3S0 
58. 1S9 
+S.2 



12, 003 
13, 430 



3,318 
3,515 



31,827 
31, 082 



1,896 
1,994 



6.404 
7,101 



872 
1,017 



90,8/4 
98, 828 
+8.8 



Illinois, 149 cities; popu- 
lation, 5,941,245: 

1951 

1952 



32, 536 
36, 480 



33, 095 
34,742 



25,210 
27, 606 



274, 393 

288, m 

+5. 



70,498 



73 

eg 

■IS. I 



n8 

+9.1 



170 

196 

+15.3 



31,3 
301 

■ie.2 



823 

776 

-5.7 



755 
+15. 1 



650 

668 

+2.8 



2.370 

2,m 

+6.1 



3, 215 
3,308 
+2.9 



794 
838 
+5. 5 +18. 5 



2. .522 
2, 334 
-7.5 



438 
462 



12, 147 
13, 092 
+7.8 



301 ] 128 
M7 I 106 



855 
790 



It 106 
12. 905 
+6.6 



6, 279 4, 
7, 201 5, 230 



232, e 

252.526 853,138 

+8.6 +7.1 



12. 645 
14.005 
+10.8 



34, 870 
35, 128 
+0.7 



2, 718 7, 564 

3, 526 8, 050 



6,958 
7,217 



19, 207 
18, 400 



1,359 
1.444 



, 725 3, 859 
(1 4.067 



22,848 
25, 632 
+12.2 



7,376 
7,730 



6,594 
6,973 



56, 388 

58, 153 
+3.1 



18, 990 
19, 408 



49,611 
53,412 
+7.7 



16,703 
18. 068 



20, 612 

21, 552 



12, 296 

13, 792 



161,710 

169.953 

+5.1 



29, 650 
39, 234 



79 



Table 29.— URBAN CRIME TRENDS, 1951-52, BY GEOGRAPHIC 
DIVISIONS AND STATES— Continued 



Divisions and States 



Indiana, 7(3 cities; popula- 
tion, 1,991,295: 

1951 

1952 

Mictiigan, 108 cities; pop- 
ulation, 3,869,400: 

1951 

1952 

Ohio, 150 cities; popula- 
tion, 4,601,255: 

1951 

1952 --- 

Wisconsin, 80 cities; pop- 
ulation, 1,796,572: 

1951 

1952 

West North Central, 292 
cities; population, 
6,249,650: 

1951 

1952 

Percent change 



Iowa, 68 cities; popula- 
tion, 1,113,136: 

1951 

1952 

Kansas, 52 cities; popula- 
tion, 836,094: 

1951 

1952 

Minnesota, 71 cities; pop- 
ulation, 1,495,705: 

1951 

1952 

Missouri, 44 cities; pop- 
ulation, 1,902,376: 

1951 

1952 

Nebraska, 29 cities; pop- 
ulation, 552,159: 

1951 

1952 

North Dakota, 12 cities; 
population, 161,910: 

1951 

1952.. 

South Dakota, 16 cities; 
population, 188,270: 

1951 

1952 

South Atlantic, ' 221 cities; 
population, 7,373,234: 



1952 

Percent change- 



Delaware, 3 cities; popu- 
lation, 121,758: 

1951 

1952 

Florida, 43 cities; popu- 
lation, 1,270,361: 

1951 

1952 



31, 254 
35, 503 



65, 197 
66, 486 



20, 200 
20, 827 



92, 622 
+7.1 



13,421 
14, 469 



17, 077 
19,282 



31, 537 
34, 368 



7,883 
7,526 



2,003 

1,785 



1,990 
2,455 



141, 626 
162, 620 
+14-8 



2,726 
2,753 



28,414 
31, 087 



Murder 
and 

nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 

slaugh- 



m 

246 
+33.7 



W 

772 
+4.2 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



110 

121 

+10.0 



Rape 



Rob- 
bery 



864 

927 

+7.3 



2,384 
2,819 
+18.2 



1,413 
1,740 



3,470 
4,245 
+22.3 



Aggra- 
vated 



4,556 
4,475 



3, 260 
3,662 
+12.3 



2,697 
2,951 



15, 672 
17,372 
+10.8 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



6,914 

7,557 



15, 614 
15, 067 



12, 440 
13, 534 



2,428 
2,587 



19, 282 
19, 776 
+2.6 



2,700 
2,290 



3,300 

4,151 



^,089 



31.201 
S7, 654 
+20.7 



7,949 
8,628 



Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 



55, 104 
50, 535 



42, 718 
42, 510 



51, 646 
66, 944 
+8.3 



8,446 
9,272 



11, 308 
12,412 



15, 664 
17, 129 



5, 194 
4, 982 



1,431 
1,359 



72, 510 
81, 837 
+12.9 



1,673 



15, 614 
17, 200 



2,663 
3,005 



1 Includes the District of Columbia. 



80 



Table 29. 



-URBAN CRIME TRENDS, 1951-52, BY GEOGRAPHIC 
DIVISIONS AND STATES— Continued 



Divisions and States 



Georgia, 24 cities; popula- 
tion, 898,812: 

1951... 

1952 

Maryland, 18 cities; pop- 
ulation, 1,144,641: 

1951 

1952 ._ 

North Carolina, 48 cities; 
population, 1,024,588: 

1951 

1952 ._ 

South Carolina, 26 cities; 
population, 429,330: 

1951 

1952 

Virginia, 37 cities; popu- 
lation, 1,229,696: 

1951 

1952 

West Virginia, 21 cities; 
population, 451,870: 

1951 

1952 

East South Central, 99 
cities; population, 
3,089,383: 

1951 

1952 

Percent change 

Alabama, 27 cities; popu- 
lation, 917,890: 

1951... ■ .- 

1952. 

Kentucky, 29 cities; pop- 
ulation, 723,643: 

1951. 

1952 

Mississippi, 19 cities; pop- 
ulation, 387,160: 

1951 

1952 

Tennessee, 24 cities; pop- 
ulation, 1,060,690: 

1951 

1952 

West South Central, 155 
cities; population, 
5.672,835: 

1951 

1952 

Percent change 

Arkansas, 20 cities; popu- 
lation, 337,481: 

1951... 

1952 

Louisiana, 23 cities; popu- 
lation. 1,094,064: 

1951 

1952... _ 

Oklahoma, 39 cities; pop- 
ulation, 867,767: 

1951 

1952 

Texas, 73 cities; popula- 
tion, 3,373,5^3: 

1951 

1952 



15, 142 
19, 104 



19, 980 
19, 532 



7,101 
8.161 



26, 900 
29, 473 



J^^,m 

+2.2 



13, 193 
13, 551 



14, 120 
15, 747 



4,005 
4,223 



15, 686 
14, 499 



105, m9 

us,.ni 

+7.1 



4,009 
4,842 



13, 184 
13, 836 



16, 586 
16, 630 



72,090 
78, 033 



Murder 

and 
nonneg 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



379 

S89 

+2.6 



516 

601 

+16.5 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



Rape 



Rob- 
bery 



51 
42 


117 
124 


13 
16 


27 
40 


53 
49 


30 


m 

HO 
-8.7 


65S 

859 

+0.9 


13 
15 


18 
13 


52 
61 


148 
172 


29 

18 


131 

104 


169 
146 


356 
370 



1,517 
1.6S0 
+7.i 



2, i65 
2,491 
+10.0 



1,310 
1,,555 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



1, 450 
2, 105 



4,154 
3,982 



2,613 
2,936 



3,SSS 
3,357 
+i.2 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



4,m 

4.975 
+10.6 



2, 923 

3. 405 



3,189 
4,601 



3,042 
5, 022 



4, 527 
4, 095 



1,548 
1,821 



13, 049 
13, 641 
+4.5 



3,855 
4,023 



1.071 
1.027 



4,430 
4, 292 



24, 844 
26, 82-4 
+S.Q 



Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 



7,920 
9,070 



15, 253 
15,609 



2, 536 
2, 520 



22, 422 
22, 253 
-0.8 



5,815 
5,923 



2,130 
2,367 



60. 139 
63. 162 
+5. 



3,949 
4,003 



2,120 
2, 796 



9, 848 
9,993 



41, ( 
4:5,634 I 



81 



Table 29. 



-URBAN CRIME TRENDS, 1951-52, BY GEOGRAPHIC 
DIVISIONS AND STATES— Continued 



Divisions and States 



Mountain, 108 cities; pop- 
ulation, 1,926,344: 

1951 

1952 

Percent change 

Arizona, 10 cities; popu- 
lation, 209,859: 

1951 

1952 

Colorado, 24 cities; popu- 
lation, 643,829: 

1951 

1952 

Idaho, 19 cities; popula- 
tion, 193,324: 

1951 

1952 

Montana, 15 cities; popu- 
lation, 171,991: 

1951 

1952 

Nevada, 5 cities; popula- 
tion, 53,554: 

1951 

1952 

New Mexico, 10 cities; 
population, 186,934: 

1951 

1952 

Utah, 16 cities; popula- 
tion, 354,469: 

1951 

1952 

Wyoming, 9 cities; popu- 
lation, 112,384: 

1951 

1952 

Pacific, 213 cities; popu- 
lation, 8,422,974: 

1951 

1952 

Percent change 

California, 151 cities; pop- 
ulation, 6,620,747: 

1951 

1952 

Oregon, 25 cities; popula- 
tion, 612,282: 

1951 

1952 

Washington, 37 cities; 
population, 1,189,945: 

1951 

1952 



7,578 
9,325 



13, 852 

14, 478 



4,381 
4,742 



1,569 
1,766 



2,533 
3,256 



7,470 
8,002 



2,073 
2,427 



m, 474 
gg8, 73S 
+10. S 



164, 714 
183, 834 



13, 566 

14, 938 



29, 194 
29, 960 



Murder 

and 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



Bl 

71 

-\-S9.S 



Z71 

gss 

+4-4 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



38 

40 

+S.S 



S6S 

4n 

+17.0 



212 

216 

+1.9 



1,353 
1,620 
+12.3 



Rob- 
bery 



1,064 
1.107 
+4-0 



7,726 
+16.4 



640 

705 

+10.2 



4,269 
6. 432 
+51.0 



3,855 



Bur- 
glary- 
break - 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



10, 180 
+10.6 



3,763 
3,734 



1,367 
1,549 



43, 176 
46. 661 
+8.1 



2,840 
3,563 



5, 509 
5,916 



Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 



27, 722 
30,609 
+10.1 



4,878 
5,708 



7,854 
8,548 



3,135 
3,419 



1,019 



1,566 
1,839 



6,252 
5,526 



1,429 

1,789 



128, 978 

140, 938 

+9.3 



100, 469 
111, 774 



9,142 
9, 658 



19, 367 
19, 506 



82 



URBAN CRIME TRENDS 

1940-52 Trend Versus 1937-39 Average 

OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE 
363 CITIES TOTAL POPULATION 47,407,067 




1940 '41 '42 '43 '44 '45 '46 '47 '48 '49 '50 '51 '52 



Fic. 10 



83 



Table 30.- 

lOfienses known to the police in 



-URBAN CRIME TRENDS, 1937-52 

53 cities with over 25,000 inhabitants, total population 47,407,067 based 
on 1950 decennial census] 





Murder, 


Man- 
Slaughter 
by negli- 








Bur- 




Total 


nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 


Rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


glary- 
breaking 
or 


Larceny- 
theft 




slaughter 










entering 




667, 140 


2,813 


2,241 


3,527 


30, 413 


21,482 


149, 237 


356, 764 


671, 707 


2,416 


1,635 


3,431 


31,088 


21,175 


149, 163 


375, 883 


895, 992 


2,565 


1,437 


3. 671 


29.217 


21,541 


155, 267 


399, 686 


722, 324 


2,519 


1.622 


3,707 


28, 097 


22, 529 


157,637 


422, 857 


727, 665 


2,611 


2,015 


4,051 


26, 930 


23, 832 


151,276 


426,213 


682. 233 


2, 671 


1,844 


4,-159 


25, 622 


26, 756 


134, 654 


404, 932 


657, 059 


2,375 


1,540 


4,921 


25,011 


25, 359 


137, 286 


367,100 


668, 350 


2,485 


1,556 


5,208 


24, 129 


28,717 


141, 184 


366, 391 


754, 386 


2, 681 


1,861 


5,686 


29, 881 


31,102 


166,903 


397, 514 


803, 995 


3,051 


1,872 


5,874 


34, 362 


34, 667 


183, 763 


429, 513 


775, 948 


2.911 


1,645 


6,022 


33, 199 


37, 247 


179, 045 


427, 794 


780, 094 


2.915 


1,634 


5, 995 


31,403 


39, 787 


181,386 


436, 357 


810, 714 


2,662 


1,509 


6,056 


33,315 


41,278 


190, 722 


456, 049 


810, 945 


2,719 


1,773 


5,926 


29, 388 


41,404 


187,016 


458,112 


858, 470 


2,645 


1,750 


6,285 


29, 497 


40, 896 


186, 067j_iaj-, 970 


901, 175 


2,860 


1,902 


6,303 


32,893 


46, 322 


201,311 


560, 354 



Auto 
theft 



1937. 
1938. 
1939. 
1940 
1941. 
1942. 
1913 
1944 
1945 
1946 
1947. 
1948. 
1949. 
1950. 
1951. 
1952. 



100, 663 
86,916 
82, 608 
83,356 
90, 737 
81,295 
93, 407 
98, 680 
118,758 
110,893 
88, 085 
80,617 
78, 523 



Rural Crime Trends 

Rural crime in 1952 increased 8.6 percent over the figures for 1951 
according to the crime reports received from 1,631 police agencies 
serving a rural population of 37,221,277. 

Except for criminal homicide and rape the rural trends were gen- 
erally similar to those for individual crime classes reported by the 
police in urban areas. Robbery showed the most pronounced rise, 
13.5 percent over 1951, while aggravated assault increased 9.4 percent; 
burglary, 9.2 percent; larceny, 8.4 percent; and auto theft, 7.7 percent. 
Criminal homicide in rural areas showed very little change from 1951 
to 1952, murder going up 0.9 percent and negligent manslaughter 
decreasing 1 percent, while in urban communities murders rose 8.5 
percent and negligent manslaughters were up 6.2 percent. 

On the other hand, the 1952 rural rape figure was 5.6 percent over 
that for the previous year while only a 0.3 percent rise was registered 
for these crimes in the cities. 

Table 31.— RURAL CRIME TRENDS, 1951-52 

[Based on reports of 1 ,478 sheriffs, 143 rural village officers, and 10 State police; total rural population 37,221,277 
based on the 1950 decennial census] 





Number of offenses 


Offense 


1951 


1952 


Percent 
change 


TOTAL 


189, 386 


205,611 


-f 8 6 






Murder and noiTnegligent manslaughter 


1,745 
2,049 
3,884 
5, 318 

10, 925 

58, 585 
88, 278 
18, 602 


1,760 
2,028 
4,103 
6,035 

11,951 
63, 991 
95,710 
20, 033 


-fO.9 


Manslaughter by negligence 


—1.0 


Rape 


+5.6 




Aggravated assault 


+9 4 






Larceny — theft 


+8 4 


Auto theft 









84 



RURAL CRIME TRENDS 

Offenses Known to the Police 

1951--1952 PERCENT CHANGE 



1952 PERCENT CHANGE 




+13.5 



REPORTING AREA 

Sheriff s Offices 1 ,478 

Rural Villages 143 

State Police 10 

Rural Population 37,221,277 



Fig. 11. 



85 

Monthly Variations 

Predictions as to the general trend which crime will take during 
future months can be made with reasonable dependability, so uni- 
formly marked have been the seasonal variations throughout the years. 
It is a foregone conclusion, for example, that the frec|uency of attacks 
against the person will step up noticeably as the days grow warmer and 
longer and it is just as certain that offenses against property will scribe 
a seasonal curve inverse to that drawn by crimes against the person. 
In studying the monthly crime reports received from departments 
across the country, the same seasonal trends are found generally to 
prevail in the North, South and West. 

Murder during 1952 followed the month-to-month pattern already 
established; lowest during the first of the year, rising to a peak during 
the summer, then falling off briefly only to jump again in December. 
September murders were 45 percent more frequent than those in 
January. 

While negligent manslaughters are crimes against the person, they 
are in a special category since practically all of them represent traffic 
fatalities wherein the police investigation established gross negligence. 
Consec^uently, these oft'enses show a definite tendency to decline in 
frequency during the summer, rising sharply during the winter when 
driving conditions may be generally less favorable. 

Robberies, burglaries and auto thefts in traditional style dropped to 
low frequency points during the Summer of 1952 and occurred most 
often during the colder seasons. This trend was not so pronounced in 
auto thefts as it was for robberies and burglaries. In the case of rob- 
beries, the upswing during the winter was particularly marked, the 
reported frequency being 54 percent higher in December than m June. 
Both robberies and burglaries, as usual, appeared to rise in frequency 
during July and August and then decline only to go up abruptly at the 
end of the year. These seasonal patterns are graphically presented in 
figures 12 and 13. 

Larceny showed only a moderate seasonal variation and, slight as 
the variation was, it is consistent with that shown over the years. 
Most crimes are larcenies, and in this particular study nearly ji million 
such offenses are involved. In an efl'ort to throw additional light on 
a crime classification of such gigantic proportions an analysis was made 
of over ji million larcenies reported by 402 cities over 25,000 in 
population from which the details were available by way of supple- 
mentary monthly reports. Interesting seasonal patterns are observed 
among the various component parts comprising the general category 
of larceny-theft. 



248072°— 53- 



86 



MONTHLY VARIATIONS 
Offenses Known to the Police , 1952 

2,450 URBAN POUCE AGENCIES- TOTAL POPULATION 76,094,589 

(Offenses Against the Person) 



Murder 

-»ii.<<S-j-><i/iOz 



Negligent Manslaughter 




Rape 



^^.A^ 

i) 



Aggravated Assault 

nu!5<?=>T<wOZQ 




t^ 



Figure 12. 



87 



MONTHLY VARIATIONS 
Offenses Known to the Police, 1952 

2,450 URBAN POUCE AGENCIES -- TOTAL POPULATION 76,094,589 

(Offenses Ageiinst Property) 



Robbery 



Burglary 



? g I i I i i i i y I y I .„. jsiii i I i I g i y 




Larceny 




§ 



Auto Theft 




Figure 13. 



88 



As would be expected, bicycle thefts show a very pronounced in- 
crease during the summer months, falling off again in the winter. 
Purse-snatchings and thefts from automobiles (excluding auto acces- 
sory thefts) are crimes of stealth and tend to increase with the addi- 
tional darkness of the winter months. They reflect the same general 
seasonal variation as shown for robberies and burglaries. 

Shoplifting oft'enses during 1952 showed some tendency to increase 
in frequency during the early months of the year and then dropped 
noticeably to a low point in July. The increase at the end of the 
year was very pronounced. These offenses all occur in retail stores 
and thus tend to increase with the additional crowds during popular 
sho])ping seasons. 

Pocket-picking showed a rather irregular trend during the year 
but jumped noticeably in August and again verj^ sharply during 
December. 

The 1952 seasonal pattern carved by auto accessory thefts shows 
high points during February-April, dropping to a low in July. 
In October these offenses rose again and then declined to a new low 
frequency point during December. There may be some relationship 
between the seasonal pattern in auto accessory thefts and new car 
sales. 

The seasonal variations reflected in this analysis of larceny offenses 
may be observed in the graphic presentation of figures 14 and 15. 

Table 32.— MONTHLY VARIATIONS, URBAN COMMUNITIES, 1952 

[Daily average, offenses known to the police in 2,450 cities, total population 76,094,589, based on 1950 
decennial census] 



Criminal homicide 



January-December. 

January-March 

April-June 

July-September... 
October-December 

January.. 

February 

March 

April 

May 

June 

July _._ 

August 

September 

October 

November... 

December 



Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



10.31 
11.1,8 
10.87 



8.13 
10.17 
9.84 
9.73 

11.03 
10.13 
11.35 
11.32 

11.77 
10.81 
10..% 
11.29 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



7.05 



S.fi9 
6.45 
5. 97 
9.07 



6.97 
7.21 
5.94 

7.37 

0. 19 
5.80 
5.84 
5.45 

6.63 
8.52 
8.17 
10.48 



Rape 



23.93 



ei.98 

26.1,1 
SS.82 



22.32 
22.24 
21.39 
24.23 

26. 52 
22.73 
25.65 
25.48 

28.17 
23.74 
22.83 
21.87 



Rob- 
bery 



123. 



1S7.9 
110.7 
113.7 
133. 



145.2 
142.8 
125.9 
114.9 

111.4 
105.8 
113.6 
117.0 

110.5 
111.8 
124.2 
102.5 



Aggra- 
vated 



H7.0 
172.0 
192.1 



142.8 
147.1 
151. 1 
1.59. 2 

175.8 
180.7 
190.5 
200.1 



163.0 
170.3 
164.6 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



814.0 



882.6 
777.9 
781. 3 
811 3 



768.1 
742.7 
776.1 
804.9 

762.2 
739. 3 
808.7 
894.6 



Larceny- 
theft 



1.979. S 
2. 021 S 
1.976.7 
2, 015. 5 



1, 930. 7 

2, 045. 1 
1,967.0 
2. 090. 7 

2, 037. 1 
1,945.0 
1, 948. 
2,004.7 

1, 977. 4 
2, 052. 8 
2, 002. 8 
1,990.4 



Auto 
theft 



396.0 

3715 
380.5 



392.4 

374. 6 
350. 5 
376.8 
385.3 

379.5 
387.8 
410. 3 
414.3 



LARCENY BY TYPE - MONTHLY VARIATIONS 

OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, 1952 

• 402 URBAN POLICE AGENCIES •TOTAL POPULATION 56,897,992 

Percent of Annual Average 



POCKET PICKING 




JAN, 
FEB. 
MAR 
APR. 
MAY 
JUNE 
JULY 
AUG, 


^ 


§ 


i y 


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 


1 


1 


1 




■m- 






i 


1+50% 
+ 40% 
+ 30% 


■JTW a 






/ 


+ 20% 


'^JkJS 


fe 


^ 


/ 


+ 10% 


A ANNUAL 1 


^s/^ 




-10% 


J^f 








-20% 


- 








-30% 


- 








-40% 
-50% 



PURSE SNATCHING 



SHOP LIFTING 



i s I S I i i 



+ 60% 

+ 50% 
+ 40%( 
+ 30% 


1 1 1 1 1 

h A// 


^ 


+ 20% 


V-?^ 




+ 10% 




^^ / 


1 WNUU k 


|.»e»ageP 


% 


/ 


-10% 


-20% 


\ 


^^^r 


-30% 


T^ 


^^^ 


-40% 


- 


- 


-50% 







CHART A 



Figure 14. 



LARCENY BY TYPE - MONTHLY VARIATIONS 

OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, 1952 

•402 URBAN POLICE AGENCIES •TOTAL POPULATION 56,897,992 

Percent of Annual Average 



THEFTS FROM AUTOS 

lUCEPI tCCESSOIUUI 



+ 50% 

+ 40% 


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 


+ 30% 


- 


+ 20% 


- 


pSJ 


rS * >^H 


lAVEMCCp 




-10% 


-30% 
-40% 
-50% 


: ^: 



AUTO ACCESSORIES 




BICYCLES 



ALL OTHER THEFTS 



i s i I i 




CHART B 



FlCiURK 15. 



CRIME RATES 

Urban Crime Rates 

Over 1% million crimes were reported during 1952 by the police in 
2,450 cities representing approximately 85 percent of the population 
of all urban communities. Over half (56.5 percent) of the offenses 
were larcenies; 23 percent were burglaries; and 11 percent were car 
thefts. While only 9.5 percent were criminal homicides, rapes, 
aggravated assaults and robberies, it should be observed that a total 
of 122,490 such vicious crimes in these categories were reported by 
the cities represented. 

In most instances it is found that the larger cities have the highest 
crime rates and similar differences in the rates are reflected in the 
different sections of the country. Accordingly, the number of offenses 
per 100,000 inhabitants is shown in the tables which follow with the 
cities grouped according to population and also by geographical 
division and individual States. 

The number of cities whose reports were used in preparing the 
urban crime rate tables is shown in table 36. 

(91) 



92 



Table 33.— URBAN CRIMPJ RATES, 1952, BY POPULATION GROUPS 

[Offenses known to the police and rate per 100,000 inhabitants. Population figures based on 1950 decennial 

census] 



Population group 



Criminal homicide 



TOTAL, GROUPS I-VI 

2,450 cities; total population, 
7a,094,.58y: 

Number of oflfenses known. 
Rate per 100,000 

GROUP I 

39 cities over 250,000; total popu- 
lation, 32,457,734: 
Number of offenses known- 
Rate per 100,000. .._ --- 

GROUP n 

63 cities, 100,000 to 250,000; total 
population, 9,245,979: 
Number of offenses known _ 
Rate per 100,000 

GROUP ni 

123 cities, 50,000 to 100,000; total 
population, 8,708,684: 
- Number of otTense's known. 
Rate per 100,000 

GBOUP IV 

243 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; total 
population, 8,559,230: 
Number of offenses known. 
Rate per 100,000 

GROUP V 

624 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; total 
population, 9,647,867: 
Number of offenses known . - 
Rate per 100,000 

GROUP VI 

1,3.58 cities under 10,000; total 
population, 7,475,095: 
Number of offenses known. . 
Rate per 100,000.. 



Murder, 
nomieg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaughter 



2,115 
6.52 



592 
6.40 



346 
3.97 



304 
3.55 



204 
2. 73 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



2,579 
3.39 



384 
4.15 



277 
3.24 



141 
1.46 



110 
1.47 



8,760 
11.51 



5,603 
17.45 



841 
9.10 



564 
6.59 



569 
5.90 



462 
6.18 



Rob- 
bery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



45, 320 
59.6 



33, 380 
102.8 



4,362 

47.2 



2,853 
32.8 



1,682 
17.4 



1, 091 
14.6 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



61,985 297,912 
81.5 381.5 



7,004 
75.8 



4, 058 
47.4 



1,943 
20.0 



731, 724 142, 308 
11. 6 187. 



42, 291 
457.4 



30, 210 
346.9 



27. 207 
317.9 



25,840 
267. 8 



15,720 
210. 3 



Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 



Auto 
theft 



331, 535 
1, 021. 4 



103, 761 
122.1 



85, 683 
983.9 



84, 318 
874.0 



41, .546 

555.8 



79, 710 
245.6 



20, 403 
220.7 



14, 207 
163.1 



93 



Table 34. 



-URBAN CRIME RATES, 1952, BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS 
AND STATES 



[Offenses known per 100,000 inhabitants. 


Population based on 


950 decennial census^ 




Division and State 


Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaughter 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burg- 
lary- 
breaking 
or enter- 
ing 


Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 


Auto 

theft 


TOTAL 


5.05 


59.6 


81.6 


391.5 


961.6 


187.0 








1.09 


13.7 


13.4 


248.7 


618.3 


121.6 






Connecticut 


1.78 
.82 
.83 

1.95 

.85 
2.88 


15.3 
10.1 
14.4 

4.7 
15.8 
1.7 

60.2 


23.9 
7.6 

11.1 
3.9 

14.8 
1.7 

61.1 


299.6 
196.4 
221.1 
170,8 
378.6 
177.5 

369.6 


684.9 
681.1 
563. 7 
570.4 
793.2 
614.4 

676.0 


109 5 




78.6 


Massachusetts 


131.5 




38.6 


Rhode Island - 


171.1 


Vermont 


64.0 


Middle Atlantic. . 


132.4 








2.57 
3.20 
2.11 

4.58 


30.4 

78.4 
27.7 

71.4 


55.3 
75.3 
20.8 

70.3 


353. 5 
428.3 
196.5 

318.1 


588.5 
788.4 
393.5 

929.4 


141.4 


New York 


130.8 




129.7 


East North Central 


166.4 








5.79 
5.26 

4^32 
1.99 

3.91 


120.0 
47.5 
69.4 
43.9 
11.1 

44.9 


87.3 
50.6 
114.4 
41.5 
13.8 

58.4 


324.9 

378.5 

292:2 
143.6 

315.2 


656. 8 

1, 092. 

1,301.1 

917.9 

879.5 

890.3 


183.5 




191.1 


Michigan 

Ohio 


207.3 
125.3 




99.2 


West North Central 


150.8 








1.70 
4.81 
1.06 
8.01 
2.34 


13.0 
39.0 
31.7 
91.3 

18.7 
4.3 

7.8 

56.8 


8.7 
42.3 

8.4 
154.7 
20.0 

3.7 

5.7 

233.3 


205. 3 
375.1 
275.9 
422. 7 
255.9 
161.8 
221.7 

506.6 


803.0 
1, 102. 2 
824.0 
895.2 
896.7 
839.4 
954.9 

1, 099. 


104.9 


Kansas 

Minnesota 

Missouri 

Nebraska 


146.1 
131.3 
205.4 
156.2 

88.9 




2.09 
10.48 


81.4 




261.5 






Delaware 

Florida 


3.29 
9.97 

20.67 
8.56 

11.19 
7.59 
8.95 
6.01 

12.31 


50.1 
52.7 
45.0 
71.1 
29.3 
22.6 
64.0 
30.3 

51.2 


23.8 
102.8 
231.4 
139.6 
384.4 
135.3 
238.8 

51.2 

106.8 


589.7 
673.9 
503.0 
438.7 
397.5 
416.2 
506.9 
246.6 

429.8 


1, 374. 

1, 343. 7 

984.1 

893.7 

893.3 

1, 089. 2 

1, 269. 3 

537.6 

704.8 


209.4 
234.4 


Georgia 


280.4 


Maryland 

North Carolina 


468.6 
157.1 


South Carolina 


180.2 




285. 7 


West Virginia 


133.9 




201.3 






Alabama 


13.07 
9.11 
13.05 
13.64 

10.62 


33.1 
98.8 
18.9 
45.4 

43.6 


143.3 
130.0 

86.2 
64.4 

88.0 


417.5 
567.4 
263.7 
402.9 

467.2 


629.6 
933.1 

605. 7 
645.7 

1, 099. 6 


179.5 




318.2 


Mississippi 

Tennessee 

West South Central 


79.6 
181.9 

250.2 






Arkansas 

Louisiana 


10. 36 
10.60 
5.69 
11.92 

3.69 


46.3 
44.8 
33.7 
45.4 

58.6 


95.7 
85.7 
40.7 
100.0 

36.4 


321.2 
269.5 
456. 7 
548.3 

526.7 


794.7 

616.0 

1, 139. 

1,275.8 

1,581.8 


126.2 
216.7 


Oklahoma 

Texas 


207.2 
285.0 


Mountain 


249.8 


Arizona 


7.06 
3.77 
1.99 
2.33 
7.47 
3.74 
1.95 
5.15 

3.38 


109.4 
80.8 
21.4 
23.3 

121.4 
30.5 
27.6 
48.9 

90.8 


79.0 
38.4 
30.9 
17.4 
31.7 
36.9 
19.3 
32.6 

76.0 


917.7 
574.6 
408.0 
332.0 
821.6 
410.3 
434.8 
297.8 

551.7 


2, 585. 5 
1, 363. 3 
1, 730. 3 
1, 507. 1 
2,031.6 
983.8 
1, 570. 8 
1,614.2 

1, 870. 1 


538.7 




217.6 


Idaho 

Montana 


207.3 

187.2 


Nevada 


265.2 


New Mexico 


262.7 


Utah 


195.8 
189.7 


Pacific 


292.6 






California 


3.59 
3.18 
2.33 


99.0 
39.4 
73.2 


90.8 
25.4 
21.3 


560. 5 
563.3 
495.9 


1, 684. 9 
1, 587. 5 
1, 633. 5 


306.1 


Oregon 


197.7 




269.0 







1 Includes the report of the District of Columbia. 
248072°— 53 4 



94 



Table 35.- 



URBAN CRIME RATES, 1952, BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS 
AND POPULATION GROUPS 



[Offenses known per 100,000 inhabitants. Population figures based on 1950 decennial census] 



Division and proup 



Murder, 

non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Robbery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 



TOTAI 

New England 

Group I-- 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

Middle Atlantic 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

East North Central. 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

West North Central 

Group I-- 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

South Atlantic ' 

Group I 

Group II _ 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

East South CentraL 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

West South Central 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

Mountain 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

Pacific 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 



5.05 



4.04 
2.27 
2.02 
2.86 
2.94 
2.87 



13.7 

2.3.8 
18.8 
12.1 

6.8 
7.0 

.'i. 4 



246.7 



27.0 
18.9 
8.2 



142.7 
318.1 
257.3 
242.1 
194. 5 
215.3 



527.0 
710.5 
645.8 
623.0 
487.3 
500.3 
676.0 



21.5 

12.8 



9.3 
71.4 



93.5 
28.1 
33.9 
21.1 
16.5 
12.8 
70.3 



494.9 
282.1 
276. 
234.0 
171.7 
156.9 
318.1 



808.3 
602. 4 
554. 5 
584.3 
497.3 
379.5 
929.4 



121.9 
51.5 
3.5.8 
21.9 

1.5.6 
16.5 
44.9 



113.0 
73.8 
58.0 
20.1 
11.0 
12.0 
58.4 



372.1 
382.3 
300.6 
261.3 
2.39. 6 
194.6 
315.2 



892.0 
516.6 



11.9 
9.9 
9.6 

56.8 



127.0 
50.7 
19.7 
5.9 
9.0 
8.4 
233.3 



436. 2 
463. 
2.56.8 
197.6 
222.2 
148.0 
506.5 



975. 5 

1, 219. 2 

1,051.6 

909.1 

&53.2 

420.6 

1, 099. 



38.2 
27.2 
20.3 
12.5 
51.2 



343.8 
193. 7 
246. 5 
168.3 
180.6 
115.2 
106.8 



574.3 
684.7 
4.52. 2 
459.2 
360.8 
262.8 
429.8 



1,218.8 

1,402.9 

1. 055. 2 

1, 141. 1 

793.3 

471.3 

704.8 



79.8 
56.0 
41.6 
24. 2 
30.3 
17.3 
43.6 



lOS. H 
102. 6 
120. 1 
150. 
102. 7 
43.2 



543. 8 
539. 6 
399.7 
283.2 
311.0 
205.5 
467.2 



822.2 
779.1 
863.2 

565^5 
263.7 



66.8 
43. 1 
24.9 
38.4 
12.0 
17.6 
58.5 



102. 3 
89.4 

127.0 
90.9 
50.3 
38.6 
36.4 



414.7 
250. 1 
182.8 



1, 254. 4 
1. 337. 3 
1,264.0 
1,004.4 
702.2 
421.6 
1, 681. 8 



111. 1 
73.4 
60.2 
55. 
21.6 
28.6 
90.8 



56.8 
38.4 
42.3 
43.0 
14.4 
24.5 
78.0 



733. 6 
748.9 
496.3 
481.8 
339.1 
376.4 
551.7 



1,311.5 
2, 082. 8 
1,611.6 
2, 241. 8 
1,385.8 
1, 114.7 
1. 670. 1 



125.7 
75.6 
69.2 
48.9 
38.4 
27.3 



599.1 
476.8 
564.9 
572.2 
470.0 
385.1 



1, 530. 9 
1, 878. 6 
1, 894. 
1,941.3 
1,828.0 
1,525.0 



1 Includes the report of the District of Columbia. 



95 



Table 36 —NUMBER OF CITIES IN EACH POPULATION GROUP, 
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION, AND STATE REPRESENTED IN THE 
URBAN CRIME RATE TABULATIONS (TABLES 33-35) 





Total 






Population group 






Division and State 


1 
Over 
250,000 


100,000 

to 
250,000 


50,000 

to 
100,000 


25,000 

to 
50,000 


10,000 

to 
25,000 


Less 
than 
10,000 


TOTAL: 

Population, 76,094,589 .... 


2,450 


39 


63 


123 


243 


624 


1,368 


New England: 

Population, 5,696,902 


148 


1 


11 


16 


32 


37 


51 




28 
23 
61 
15 
9 
12 

550 




4 


1 
1 
11 
1 
2 


10 
2 

14 
2 
3 

46 


5 

15 
5 
2 

131 


8 


Maine 




11 


Massachusetts 


1 


6 


14 


New Hampshire 

Rhnrle Tslnnfl 


7 




1 








10 


Middle Atlantic: 

Population, 18,629,922 


6 


9 


24 


334 


New Jersey - -- 


141 
182 
227 

588 


2 
3 

1 

8 


3 

4 

10 


8 
6 
10 

30 


16 
16 
14 

62 


35 
42 
54 

145 


77 


New York 


111 




146 


East North Central: 

Population, 18,395,405. 


333 




156 
80 
114 
155 
83 

304 


1 
1 

4 
5 


4 
3 


9 
4 

7 
6 
4 

9 


14 
9 
9 
18 
12 

18 


40 
19 
31 
40 
15 

72 


91 




43 


Michigan 


64 




84 




51 


West North Central : 

Population, 6,313,718 


4 


196 


Iowa 


54 
74 
48 
30 
12 
17 

237 




1 
1 


4 


3 
3 


10 
20 
14 
14 

7 

4 
55 


47 






29 




2 
2 

1 


54 




2 
1 


27 






21 






2 
28 


7 








19 


11 


South Atlantic: 

Population, 7,492,773 


3 


9 


123 




3 
1 
46 
27 
18 
50 
28 
37 
27 

113 




1 








2 


District of Columbia. . 


1 










3 
1 


2 
3 


9 
3 

5 
1 
5 
3 

13 


9 
6 

14 
5 

10 
5 

26 


23 


n rcria 


1 
1 


13 




9 


North Carolina 

South Carolina 


1 


5 
3 

3 

4 


25 




19 




3 


16 






16 


East South Central : 

Population, 3,208,556 


3 


5 


62 




33 
34 
20 
26 

167 


1 


2 


1 


3 
2 
5 
3 

12 


9 
6 
6 
5 

53 


17 




23 






8 




1 
5 


3 
8 


14 


West South Central: 

Population, 5,778,962 


8 


81 




21 
23 
41 
82 

116 




2 
2 




3 
3 
3 
3 

10 


6 
6 

15 
26 


11 




1 




11 






21 


Texas 


4 

1 


3 


38 


Mountain : 

Population, 2,031,022 


78 




11 
27 
21 
15 
5 

10 
17 
10 

227 




1 




1 
2 
2 

1 

1 
1 

22 


6 
6 
3 


8 




1 


1 


18 






13 










10 


Nevada 








4 








1 


1 

1 
4 

83 


7 






1 


13 






5 


Pacific: 

Population, 8,547,329 


7 


5 


10 


100 


California 


160 
28 
39 


5 

1 
1 


3 


10 


15 


64 

8 


63 




17 




2 




20 






1 



96 



Rural Crime Rates 

The offenses and the rates per 100,000 inhabitants based on the 
reports of 1,615 sheriffs, 154 rural village officers and 11 State police 
serving approximately two-thirds of the rural population of the 
nation are shown in table 37. 

The rural crime rates for criminal homicide and rape are not very 
different from those for urban communities jjut for tho other offense 
classifications the rural rates arc substantially lower and in this con- 
nection it should be observed that uniform crime reporting for the 
rural area is probably not as complete as that for urban communi- 
ties. In some instances it appeared that the reports used in preparing 
the rural data may have been limited to cases in which arrests were 
made and any incompleteness thus resulting would be most pronounced 
for crimes against property where arrests are least likely to occur. 
On the other hand, it is rather well established that the rm-al areas 
do experience lower crime rates than the cities for most offense 
classifications. 

Table 37.— RURAL CRIME RATES, 1952 

[Offonses known and rate per 100,000 inhabitants, as reported by 1,015 slierifls, 154 rural village officers, 
and 11 State police; total rural papulation 40,091,017, based on 1950 decennial census] 



Offense 


Offenses known 


Number 


Rate 




2,025 
2,277 
4.632 
7,017 

13, 804 
70, OSS 
104, 803 
23,517 


4.98 


Manslaughter by negligence 


5.60 


Rape 


11 38 


Robbery - 


17.2 




33.9 




173.7 


Larceny — theft 


257.7 




57.8 







97 

OFFENSES IN INDIVIDUAL AREAS 

Offenses in Individual Cities With More Than 25,000 Inhabitants 

The number of offenses reported as having been committed during 
the period of January-December, 1952, is shown in table 38. The 
compilation includes the reports received from police departments in 
cities with more than 25,000 inhabitants. Police administrators and 
other interested individuals will probably find it desirable to compare 
the crime rates of tlieir cities with the average rates shown in tables 
33, 34, and 35 of this publication. Similarly, they will doubtless de- 
sire to make comparisons with the figures for their communities for 
prior periods, in order to determined whether there has been an increase 
or a decrease in the amount of crime committed. 

Caution should be exercised in comparing crime data for individual 
cities because the differences in the figures may be due to a variety of 
factors. iSucli comparisons are not desirable even though the figures 
for individual communities are converted into terms of the number of 
offenses per 100,000 inhabitants. 

The following is a list of some of the factors which affect the amount 
of crime in the community: 

Population of the city and metropolitan area adjacent thereto. 

The composition of the i)opulation witli reference particularly to 
age, sex, and race. 

The economic status and activities of the population. 

Climate. 

Educational, recreational, and religious facilities. 

The number of police employees per unit of population. 

The standards governing appointments to the police force. 

The policies of the prosecuting officials and the com'ts. 

The attitude of the public toward law-enforcement problems. 

The degree of efficiency of the local law-enforcement agency. 

The figures presented in the following tabulation are those reported 
by the individual police departments in the cities represented without 
reducing the data to crime rates (number of offenses per 100,000 
inhabitants) . 

In considering the volume of crime committed locally, it is generally 
more important to determine whether the figures for a given com- 
munity show increases or decreases rather than to ascertain whether 
they exceed or fall short of those for some other individual community, 
and it should be remembered that the amount of crime committed in a 
community is not solely chargeable to the police but is rather a charge 
against the entire community. 

In publishing these figures the FBI acts as a service agency. The 
figures published are those submitted by the contributing agencies. 



98 



Table 



.—NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, 1952, 
CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION 



City 



Murder, 
nonncgli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



Robbery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and Under 
over $50 



Abilene, Tex.... 
Abington, Pa... 

Akron, Ohio 

Alameda, Calif- 
Albany, Ga 



Albany, N. Y 

Albuquerque, N. Mex. 

Alexandria, La. 

Alexandria, Va 

Alhambra, Calif 



Aliquippa, Pa.. 
Allentown, Pa. 
Alliance, Ohio. 

Alton, 111 

Altoona, Pa — 



Amarillo, Tex 

Amsterdam, N. Y. 

Anderson, Ind 

Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Anniston, Ala 



Appleton, Wis... 
Arlington, Mass. 

Arlington, Va 

Ashcville, N. C. 
Ashland, Ky 



Athens, Ga 

Atlanta, Ga 

Atlantic City, N. J. 

Auburn, N. Y 

Augusta, Ga. 



Aurora, 111 

Austin, Tex 

Bakersfield, Calif. 

Baltimore, Md 

Maine 



Barbcrton, Ohio 

Baton Rouge, La 

Battle Creek, Mich. 

Bay City, Mich 

Bayonne, N. J 



Beaumont, Tex 

Belleville, 111 

Belleville, N. J 

Bellingham, Wash. 
Belmont, Mass 



Beloit, Wis 

Belvedere, Calif. 
Berkeley, Calif... 

BerwjTi, 111 

Bessemer, Ala... 



Bethlehem, Pa 

Beverly, Mass 

Beverly Hills, Calif. 

Billings, Mont 

Biloxi, Miss 



Binghamton, N. Y. 
Birmingham, Ala.. 
Bloomfield, N. J... 
Bloornington, 111... 
Bloomington, Ind.. 



Onlv 9 months received 
4 1 46 I 25 

153 1,141 466 

4 I 90 I 44 

Only months received 





85 


246 


994 


25 


107 

1 

361 


16 


2 


12 


34 


283 


47 


21 


791 


1,575 


4 


4 


10 


13 


18 


36 


13 
16 


43 


21 


18 


108 


2 




4 




4 


1 


2 






2 


43 


■ 105 


69 


43 


32 




13 


84 


10 


10 


7 


4 


17 


8 



No reports received 



2,208 
362 
40 
158 

58 
539 
442 
4, 365 
66 

35 
357 
192 
107 
183 



.s 


1 


154 


430 


9 


3 


7 




3 


i 



Only 11 months received 



135 
1,709 



45 

2,508 

587 



422 
843 
221 
952 
497 

125 
495 
208 
264 
435 

1,138 
53 
453 
314 
364 



0) 


99 


1,526 


3,853 


499 


480 


27 


141 


88 


227 


87 


136 


177 


1,810 


279 


885 


3,182 


5,301 


46 


248 


30 


183 


183 


445 


133 


569 


66 


457 


101 


307 


160 


1,017 


42 


138 


23 


65 


77 


167 


22 




49 


318 


120 


536 


176 


1,297 


57 


146 


28 


82 


67 


166 


32 


140 


51 


69 


276 


692 



1,504 
210 
244 
235 



Sec footnote at end of table. 



99 



Table 



-NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, 1952, 
CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Continued 



City 



Boise, Idaho 

Boston, Mass 

Bremerton, Wash. 
Bridgeport, Conn. 
Bristol, Conn 



Brockton, Mass.. 
Brookline, Mass.. 
Biownsville, Tex. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Biirbank, Calif..- 



Burliugton, Iowa. 

Burlington, Vt 

Butte, Mont . 

Cambridge, Mass. 
Camden, N. J 



Canton, Ohio 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

Champaign, 111 

Charleston, S. O 

Charleston, W.Va.... 

Charlotte, N. C 

CharlottesviU(i, Va .. 
Chattanooga, Tenu.. 

Chelsea, Mass 

Chester, Pa 



Cheyenne, Wyo.. 

Chicago, 111 

Chicopee, Mass.. 
Cicero, 111 

Cincinnati, Ohio. 



Clarksburg, W. Va 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Cleveland Heights, Ohio. 
Clifton, N.J 

Clinton, Iowa. 



Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Columbia, Mo. 

Columbia, S. C 

Columbus, Ga 

Columbus, Ohio 



Compton, Calif 

Concord, N. H 

Corpus Ohristi, Tex_. 
Council Bluffs, Iowa. 
Covington, Ky 



Cranston, R. I 

Cumberland, Md 

Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio. 

Dallas, Tex 

DanvUle, 111 



Danville, Va 

Davenport, Iowa 

Dayton, Ohio 

Daytona Beach, Fla. 
Dearborn, Mich 



Decatur, 111 

Denver, Colo 

Des Moines, Iowa. 

Detroit, Mich 

Dubuque, Iowa 



Duluth, Minn 

Durham, N. C 

East Chicago, Ind 

East Cleveland, Ohio. 
East Hartford, Conn.. 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



Robbery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



21 
6,201 



2 

5 

2 

387 

12 

12 

19 

132 

8 

20 

13 

462 

43 

2, 2.53 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 



135 

1,144 

75 

440 

47 

176 

116 

261 

1,078 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and Under 
over $50 



171 

1, 666 

96 

374 

29 



Only 10 months received 
12 150 

70 510 257 



55 



64 
284 


75 
366 


1 

728 

9 


1 
395 


10 

5 


1 
1 


7 


1 



11 73 

4, 283 13, 498 10, 979 

No reports received 

261 140 

1,415 1,199 



41 
2,174 
141 
126 
45 



30 
1,120 
25 
94 
53 



135 
Only 1 month received 
147 429 367 
46 367 
303 1, 862 1, 570 



280 
53 
42 

6 

230 

39 

3,614 



184 
340 

252 
3,050 

847 

8,770 

38 

209 
245 
180 
115 
114 



162 
135 
445 
154 
302 

86 

1,750 

472 

3,045 

39 

221 
165 
202 
20 
74 



531 
2,558 
443 
965 
117 

377 

159 

485 

1,585 

1,079 



630 
114 

987 
978 

1,055 
111 
878 
145 
39 

721 
12. 021 

225 
2,769 

44 
10,201 
262 
199 
254 

597 

967 

415 

3,203 



131 

1, .304 

295 

492 

211 
151 
122 
8,494 
113 



835 
2,113 

269 
1,618 

580 
5,205 
1,448 
22, 715 

238 

970 
564 
452 
279 
164 



See footnote at end of table. 



100 



Table 38.- 



-NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, 
CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Continued 



1952, 



City 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 

or 
entering 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and Under 
over $50 



East Orange, N. J 

East Providence, R. I. 

East St. Louis, III 

Easton, Pa 

Eau Claire, Wis 



El Paso, Tex... . 

Elgin, 111.. 

Elizabeth, N. J. 
Elkhart, Ind... 
Elmira, N. Y... 



Elyria, Ohio.. 
Enid, Okla.... 

Erie, Pa 

Euclid, Ohio.. 
Eugene, Oreg. 



Evanston, 111 

Evansville, Ind... 

Everett, Mass 

Everett, Wash.... 
Fairmont, W. Va. 



Fall River, Mass... 

Fargo, N. Dak 

Fayetteville, N. C. 

Ferndale, Mich 

Fitch burg, Mass... 



Flint, Mich 

Fond du Lac, Wis 
Fort Dodge, Iowa- 
Fort Lauderdale, I 
Fort Smith, Ark.. 



Fort Wayne, Ind 

Fort Worth, Tex.... 
Framingham, Mass, 

Fresno, Calif 

Gadsden, Ala 



Gainesville, Fla. 
Galesburg, 111... 
Galveston, Tex. 
Garfield, N. J... 
Gary, Ind 



Glendale, Calif 

Gloucester, Mass 

Grand Forks, N . Dak. 
Grand Rapids, Mich.. 
Granite City, 111 



Great Falls, Mont. 
Green Bay, Wis... 
Greensboro, N. C. 
Greenville, Miss... 
Greenville, S. C_... 



Greenwich, Conn. 
Haekensack, N. J. 
Hagerstown, Md.. 
Hamilton, N. J... 
Hamilton, Ohio... 



Hammond, Ind 

Hamtramck, Mich. 

Harrisburg, Pa 

Hartford, Conn 

Hattiesburg, Miss.. 



Haverford, Pa 

Haverhill, Mass.. 

Hazleton, Pa 

Hempstead, N. Y. 
High Point, N. C. 



14 I 



5 


36 


45 


149 


1 







109 


7 


1 


1 


3 





6 



16 50 30 

1 09 54 

Only 6 months received 

83 10 

114 167 

150 249 

579 421 

133 81 

162 82 

Only 9 months received 



6 




7 


16 


26 


55 


75 


55 


7 




14 


5 



No reports received 
6 I 244 I 205 I 

Only 6 months received 



31 152 65 

10 63 37 

No reports received 

5 I 06 32 

260 I 652 596 

247 



8 I 441 

Only 9 months received 
59 
716 
99 



25 



59 



307 
179 
429 
121 
200 

1,787 
131 
523 
146 
393 



617 

1,319 

196 

655 



405 I 



938 

3, 972 

44 

1,300 

104 

245 
179 

101 
1,296 



38 


288 


221 


2,080 


25 


186 


126 


328 


46 


181 


236 


543 


86 


151 


■m 


533 


27 


74 


52 


115 


56 


319 


122 


170 


136 


368 


306 


828 


146 


299 


201 


427 


•WO 


1,101 


34 


72 


45 


127 


47 


167 


11 


56 


89 


115 


63 


209 



101 

Table 38.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, 1952, 
CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Continued 



City 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
sent man- 
slaughter 



Highland Park, Mich. 

Hoboken, N.J 

Holvoke, Mass 

Honolulu, T. H. 

Hot Springs, Ark 



Houston, Tex 

Huntington, W. Va 

Huntington Park, Calif. 

Hutchinson, Kans 

Independence, Mo 



Indianapolis, Ind_- 
Inglewood, Calif... 
Iowa City, Iowa... 
Irondequoit, N. Y.. 
Irvington, N. J 

Ithaca, N.Y 

.Tackson, Mich 

.Tackson, Miss 

Jackson, Tenn 

Jacksonville, Fla... 



Jamestowti, N. Y... 
Jefferson City, Mo.. 
Jersey City, N. J.. ^ 
Johnson City, Tenn. 
Johnstown, Pa 



Joliet,Ill 

Joplin, Mo 

Kalamazoo, Mich._ 

Kankakee, 111 

Kannapolis, N. C. 

Kansas City, Kans. 
Kansas City, Mo... 

Kearny, N. J 

Kenosha, Wis 

Key West, Fla 



Kingston, N.Y. . 
Knoxville, Tenn. 

Kokomo.Ind 

La Crosse, Wis.. 
La Orange, Oa.- 



Lackawanna, N. Y. 
LaFayette.Ind..--. 

Lafayette, La 

Lake Charles, La... 
Lakeland, Fla 



Lakewood, Ohio. 

Lancaster, Pa 

Lansing, Mich... 

Laredo, Tex 

Laurel, Miss 



Lawrence, Mass.. 

Lawton, Okla 

Lebanon, Pa 

Lewiston, Maine- 
Lexington, Ky... 



Lima, Ohio 

Lincoln, Nebr 

Lincoln Park, Mich. 
Linden, N.J 

Little Rock, Ark 



Lockport, N. Y 

Long Beach, Calif.. 

Lorain, Ohio 

Los Angeles, Calif-. 
Louisville, Ky 




Robbery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



3 

257 

40 

2,506 

530 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 



22 96 

No reiKjrts received 
205 
75 
33 



U)9 

120 

82 

1,441 

70 

4, 420 
181 
198 
103 
137 

2.489 
397 
26 
37 
361 

75 
183 
232 
116 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and Under 
over $50 



1,390 
102 
187 
63 
91 

1, 025 
300 
32 

5 
78 

73 
108 



595 

2, 050 

72 

103 



No reports received 



2 36 50 

137 I 021 I 344 

Only months received 

58 
11 71 38 



28 53 

10 121 

No reports received 
32 
23 300 

2 

40 
13 
30 



33 



11 184 

37 187 

No reports received 

2 00 34 
133 487 263 

48 199 100 

60 230 100 

Nojeports received 

3 132 50 
22 5.38 (') 



1 

104 

32 

3,620 

582 



39 

1, 745 

100 

11,259 

2,811 



10 

(') 

1»3 

12, 212 

1,897 



701 
70 
193 
2,901 
71 

5,218 
300 
490 
321 
243 

3, 081 
574 
105 
88 
238 

155 
577 
600 
1.54 
2,293 

120 
92 
747 
121 
250 



781 
145 
107 

1,044 

2,700 

128 

335 



143 
536 



157 
1, 586 

84 

3, 347 

221 

19, 616 

2,387 



See fwotnote at end of table. 



102 



Table 38.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, 
CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Continued 



1952, 



City 



Murder, , 

nonnegli- Roy,Kerv 
gent man-! "oooery 
slaughter 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 

or 
entering 



Larceny— theft ! 



$50 and Under 
over $50 



Lowell, Mass 

Lower Merion, Pa. 

Lubbock, Tex 

Ljmchburg, Va 

Lynn, Mass 



Lynwood, Calif 

Macon, Ga 

Madison, Wis 

Maiden, Mass 

Manchester, N. H. 



Manitowoc, Wis.. 
Mansfield, Ohio..- 
Maplewood, N. J- 

Marion, Ind 

Marion, Ohio 

Mason City, Iowa- 



Massillon, Ohio. 
Maywood,Ill-.. 
McKeesport, Pa. 
Medford, Mass.. 
Melrose, Mass.-. 



Memphis, Term... 
Meriden, Conn.-.. 
Meridian, Miss — 

Miami, Fla 

Miami Beach, Fla. 



Miehigan City, Ind. 
Middletown, Conn.. 
Middletown, Ohio.. 

Milwaukee, Wis 

Minneapolis, Minn. 



Mishawaka, Ind. 

Mobile, Ala 

Moline.Ill 

Monroe, La 

Montclair, N. J.. 



Montgomery, Ala 

Morgantown, W. Va. 
Mount Lebanon, Pa-_ 
Mount Vernon, N. Y. 
Muncie, Ind 



Muskegon, Mich.. 
Muskogee, Okla.. 

Nashua.N.H 

Nashville, Tenn... 
New Albany, Ind. 



New Bedford, Mass. - 
New Britain, Conn... 
New Brunswick, N. J. 

New Castle, Pa 

New Haven, Conn — 



New Kensington, Pa. 
New London, Conn.. 

New Orleans, La 

NewRocheUe.N. Y.. 
New York, N.Y 



Newark, N.J 

Newark, Ohio 

Newburgh, N. Y. 

Newport, Ky 

Newport, R. I 



Newport News, Va.. 

Newton, Mass. 

Niagara Falls, N. Y. 

Norfolk, Va. 

Norman, Okla 



165 

2.323 

337 



r>5 

63 
44 

14 

785 

18 

96 

1,158 

624 

131 

26 

65 

1.421 

1, 164 



11 274 221 

Only 6 months received 



6 

621 

31 

8,042 

752 

Only 

6 

12 



106 

3 

91 

1,184 



152 
107 
613 

25 

134 

1, 627 

131 

42. 591 



77 

1,285 

121 

40, .582 



3,344 
months received 



82 
106 
140 

340 
282 
180 
1.852 
34 



216 

189 

1,441 



4,516 
3.152 

181 
744 
236 
270 
145 

628 
59 
36 
120 
749 



326 
1.53 

865 

62 

256 

2,020 

220 

30, 367 

2,841 



495 

316 

2, 197 

188 



103 



Table 38.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE 
CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Continued 



1952, 





Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 
glary- 
breakmg 

or 
entering 


Larceny— theft 


A .. 


City 


$50 and 
over 


"S" 


theft 


Norristown, Pa 






9 

Only 

60 

2 
36 


63 

11 months 

183 

33 
127 

8 
89 
35 
125 
20 
2, 684 

140 

233 

1, 632 

804 
129 

265 
75 
43 


25 

received 

104 

55 
82 

81 
44 
21 
88 
23 
495 

110 
193 
1,337 
251 
46 

180 
46 

81 
coived 

165 
65 

85 

eceived 
1.33 
193 

66 
129 
ergoing re 
554 
123 

959 
47 
114 
102 
110 

166 
25 
48 

120 
1. 678 

132 
307 

528 
55 

325 
54 
78 
106 
186 

71 
172 

48 
103 
374 

213 
57 
996 
143 


87 

364 
92 
262 

105 
131 
97 
241 
134 
6,618 

366 
1,217 
2,622 
2,090 

113 

386 
522 
175 
380 

469 
71 
181 
163 
1,371 

157 
675 

532 
1,016 

169 

428 

i'ision 

2, 697 

91 

452 
220 
420 
456 
571 

211 

498 

598 

4,437 

369 
716 
318 
1,804 
569 

815 
502 
301 
642 
573 

238 
632 
202 
467 
526 

201 

2,302 

84 

2,508 

682 


46 

114 
10 

24 

16 

24 

7 


North Bergen, N.J 

North Little Rock, Ark 


4 


25 


Northampton, Mass 


Norwalk Conn 


2 


3 

8 
6 

1 
23 


Norwich, Conn .. .. 






3 
11 


Nutley,N.J 

Oak Park, 111. 






2 
13 

5 
2 

17 

1 

5 

1 


53 
357 

10 
33 
130 
34 

18 

190 


10 
1,179 

137 
194 
869 
639 
28 

209 
45 




673 

13 

28 

114 

81 

4 

11 
3 
3 

15 

1 






Oklahoma City, Okla 




Orange, N.J 


Oshkosh, Wis 




6 




Owensboro, Ky 




104 


Paducah, Ky 




Only ' mnnth re 




Palo Alto, Calif - 


2 


101 
105 
98 
48 
674 

278 
573 
4 months 
326 
492 

84 


33 


Panama Citv Fla 


3 


24 




4 
2 
47 

14 

28 

11 
93 

4 
26 

151 
21 

536 
5 
2 
7 
19 

20 
4 
10 
17 
233 

17 
37 

7 


1 




Parma, Ohio 




5 


Pasadena, Calif 


2 
.. 

4 
4 

^ "2 

10 
3 

25 


35 

9 
114 
Only 
139 
106 

39 

107 


162 


PassaicN.J 

Paterson, N.J- 


79 
214 


Pensacola, Fla 


109 


Peoria 111 


221 


Perth Amboy, N. J 

Petersburg, Va 


112 


Philadelphia, Pa 






Phoenix, Ariz 


83 
23 

246 


1,272 
102 

1, 9.34 
1.38 
1.35 
135 
196 

458 
58 
138 
199 
2,642 

249 
471 
222 
1,313 
141 

3.56 
129 
197 
129 
314 

69 
230 
227 
112 
3.34 

118 
604 
61 
1,276 
221 


730 


Pine BlufiE, Ark 


28 


Pittsburgh, Pa 


2,196 




34 


Plainfleld.N.J 




4 
25 

8 

85 
25 
11 
13 
142 

9 
378 
22 
61 


68 


Pocatello Idaho 


2 


117 




68 


Pontiac Mich 


3 

2 

1 


122 




37 


Port Huron, Mich 


37 




136 


Portland, Oreg 


10 

1 
5 

. 1 
3 


76 


Portsmouth, Va 


189 


Poughkeepsie, N. Y 

Providence, R. I 

Prov'O, Utah 


38 
678 
29 




60 
6 

14 
3 

19 

3 

15 
14 
6 
59 

11 
67 
4 
185 
12 


16 
4 
3 
5 
231 

1 

16 
4 
7 
11 

4 
76 

3 
256 
30 


205 


Quincy, 111 


66 




1 
2 
6 


69 




46 


Raleigh, N.O 

Rapid City, S. Dak 


109 






124 


Redondo Beach, Calif 




43 


Redwood City, Calif 


1 
3 


59 




112 


Revere, Mass 


80 




7 
1 
34 
1 


177 


Richmond, Ind 


45 




1,184 


Riverside, Calif 


S5 



104 



Table 38. 



-NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, 
CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Continued 



1952, 



City 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



Robbery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 

or 
entering 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and Under 
over $50 



Roanoke, Va 

Rochester, Minn- 
Rochester, N. Y_ 
Rock Island,' 111.. 
Rockford, 111 



Rocky Mount, N. C_ 
Rome, Ga 

Rome, N. Y 

Roswell, N. Mex 

Royal Oak, Mich 



Sacramento. Calif. 
Sasiiunv, Mich.... 
St. Cloud, Minn.. 

St. Joseph, Mo 

St. Louis, Mo 



St. Paul, Minn 

St. Petersburg, Fla. 

Salem, Mass 

Salem, Oreg. 

Salina, Kans 



Salt Lake City, Utah. 

San Angelo, Tex 

San Antonio, Tex 

San Bernardino, Calif. 
San Diego, Calif 



San Francisco, Calif. 

San Jose, Calif 

San Leandro, Calif... 

San Mateo, Calif 

Sandusky, Ohio 



Santa Ana, Calif 

Santa Barbara, Calif- 
Santa Fe, N. Mex._.. 
Santa Monica, Calif.. 
Savannah, Qa 



Schenectady, N. Y 

Scranton, Pa 

Seattle, Wash 

Shaker Heights, Ohio. 
Sharon, Pa... 



Sheboygan, Wis 

Shreveport, La. 

Sioux City, Iowa 

Sioux Falls, S. Dak. 
Somerville, Mass 



South Bend, Ind.. 
South Gate, Calif. 
Spartanburg, S. C. 
Spokane, Wash... 
Springfield, 111 



Springfield, Mass.. 

Springfield, Mo 

Springfield, Ohio... 

Stamford, Conn 

Steuben ville, Ohio. 



Stockton, Calif.. 
Stratford, Conn. 
Superior, Wis... 
Syracuse, N. Y.. 
Tacoma, Wash.. 



Tallahassee, Fla. 

Tampa, Fla 

Taunton, Mass.. 
Teaneck, N. J... 
Temple, Tex 



266 

46 

207 

4,505 

1.145 

508 
169 



1,199 

4,637 
390 
123 
90 
117 



1, 016 

141 



381 
298 
33 
79 
72 

518 

51 

1. 061 

350 
1,669 

1, 7,';8 
81 
90 
126 
71 



13 208 135 

33 198 141 

Only 11 months received 



61 


36 


75 


355 


12 


3 


13 


15 


541 


137 


3 


4 


6 
1 


4 




38 


21 


12 


4 




IS 




44 


72 


57 


1 


13 


15 


100 


43 


34 


22 


21 


33 


19 


4 


25 


42 


25 


45 


20 


13 


157 


48 


4 




2 


2 


48 


23 


137 


8 


6 


69 


94 


175 


2 


4 


1 


2 


8 


18 



573 

115 

2,137 

323 



209 
75 
123 
161 
408 

2.015 

1, 209 

277 

591 

6,990 

3.034 
679 
158 
673 
443 

2,249 
233 



533 


643 


1,114 


725 


532 


672 


159 


121 


298 


346 


106 


349 


3. 133 


1,428 


4,818 


67 


32 


191 


66 


25 


97 


52 


33 


181 


142 


242 


758 


202 


150 


760 


144 


110 


458 


311 


68 


145 


438 


307 


1,100 


306 


219 


404 


172 


97 


427 


605 


718 


3,306 


287 


158 


700 


308 


165 


676 


197 


175 


425 


235 


101 


655 


457 


27ti 


639 


86 


71 


114 


738 


575 


1,372 


49 


84 


146 


94 


27 


487 


631 


498 


1,466 


806 


504 


1,591 


179 


66 


201 


997 


475 


1,342 


122 


29 


238 


86 


32 


57 


79 


47 


218 



105 



Table 38.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, 
CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Continued 



1952, 



City 



Terre Haute, Ind. 

Toledo, Ohio 

Topeka, Kans 

Torringtou, Conn. 
Trenton, N. J 

Troy. N. Y 

Tucson, Ariz 

Tulsa, Okla 

Tuscaloosa, Ala... 
Tyler, Tex 



Union City, N. J 

Union, N. J 

University City, Mo. 

Upper Darby, Pa 

Utica, N. Y... 



Vallejo, Calif 

Valley Stream, N. Y. 

Vancouver, Wash 

Vicksburg, Miss 

Waco, Tex. 



Waltham, Mass 

Warren, Ohio 

Warwick, R. I 

Washington, D. C. 
Washington, Pa... 

Waterbury, Conn.. 

Waterloo, Iowa 

Watertown, Mass.. 
Watertown, N. Y.. 
Waukegan, 111 



Wausau, Wis 

Wauwatosa, Wis 

West Allis, Wis 

West Hartford, Conn. 
West Haven, Conn... 



West New York, N. J.. 

West Orange, N. J 

West Palm Beach, Fla. 

Weymouth, Mass 

Wheeling, W. Va 



White Plains, N. Y. 

Wichita, Kans 

Wichita Falls, Tex.. 
Wilkes-Barre, Pa.... 
Wilkinsburg, Pa 



Williamsport, Pa 

Wilmington, Del 

Wilmington, N. C 

Winona, Minn 

Winston-Salem, N. C. 



Woodbridge, N. J. 
Woonsocket, R.T. 
Worcester, Mass.. 
Wyandotte, Mich. 
Yakima, Wash 



Yonkers, N. Y 

York, Pa...- 

Youngstown, Ohio. 
Zanesville, Ohio 



Murder, 

^^.1 Robbery 
slaughter I 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 

or 
entering 



258 

409 

1,102 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and Under 
over $50 



Complete data not received 



171 

135 

5,391 

41 

218 
118 

113 
111 



113 

96 

2, 035 

43 



months received 



17 


2 


15 


53 


74 


103 


4(1 


225 


g 


9 


20 


8 


6 


2 


(11 


27 


25 


261 


1 




40 


i65 



171 
1,036 
301 
116 
109 

149 
694 
235 
43 
422 



No reports received 

102 

625 

125 

253 



Only 

Complete data not received 

...I 85 I 60 I 

I 160 I 88 I 

No reports received 

100 79 



572 
2,991 
871 
52 
506 

99 
1, 336 

1,688 
129 



340 
2,064 
902 
193 
130 

352 
1.114 
406 
242 
462 



155 

983 

264 

1, 067 

672 
531 
923 
320 



Larcenies not separately reported. Figure listed includes both major and minor larcenies. 



106 



Offenses in Territories and Possessions 

A complete set of crime reports was received in 1952 from each of 
eight law enforcement agencies in Territories and possessions of the 
United States. Urban and rural data are combined in the reporting 
by agencies in the Territories and possessions except that the figures 
for Honolulu City were separately reported. 



Table 39.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN IN UNITED STATES i 
TERRITORIES AND POSSESSIONS, 1952 
[Population figures based on 1950 decennial census] 





Murder, 
nonneg- 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 
glary- 


Larceny— theft 


Auto 
theft 




man- 
slaughter 


or enter- 
ing 


Over 

$50 


Under 

$50 


Guam: Population, 59,498; number of of- 
fenses known 


1 

2 
13 

8 


7 

1 
49 
6 


35 

13 

54 
18 
5 
8 
8 
619 


132 

134 
1,441 

340 
74 

213 

149 
2,674 


30 

14 
412 
103 
22 
61 

716 


40 

230 

2,901 

580 

140 

306 

1,063 

5,854 


115 


Hawaii: 

Hawaii County, population, 68,350; 

number of offenses known 

Honolulu City, population, 248,034; 

number of offenses known 

Honolulu County, population, 104,986; 


311 
68 


Kauai County, population, 29,905; 


4 


Maui County, population, 48,519; 

number of offenses known 

Isthmus of Panama: Canal Zone, popula- 
tion 52 822" number of offenses known 


3 


8 
124 


78 
18 


Puerto Rico: Population, 2,210,703; num- 


145 


116 







SUPPLEMENTAL CRIME DATA 

A supplementary crime report furnislied by the larger police agencies 
(cities with 25,000 or over in population) furnished interesting and use- 
ful analyses not obtained in the basic monthly crime report requested 
of all contributors. 

Of the larger departments, 402, representing a combined population 
of 56.9 million, reported that 53.7 percent of the 7,500 offenses of rape 
were forcible in natrure, while 3,470, or 46.3 percent, were characterized 
as statutory cases (no force used — victim under age of consent). 

Over 52 percent (22,175) of the 42,443 robberies occurred on the 
streets or highways and 13,902 (32.8 percent) involved banks, chain 
stores, oil stations, and other commercial establishments. Only about 
one out of 11 was a residence robbery. 

Over three-fourths of the 249,093 burglaries occurred during the 
night and of the 59,097 daylight burglaries over three-fourths involved 
dwellings. Residence burglaries numbering 101,520, night and day, 
represented over two-fifths of the total. 

Thefts of accessories and articles from automobiles constituted 40.6 
percent of the 575,996 larcenies reported while pocket-pickings and 
purse-snatchings represented only 3.3 percent of the thefts. Available 
information as to frequency trends from month to month for the 
several types of larceny offenses is presented under the heading of 
seasonal variations beginning on page 85. 

Police reported 122,238 autos stolen and 112,898 or 92.4 percent 
recovered for the 402 cities mentioned above. 

(107) 



108 



Table 40.— OFFENSE ANALYSIS, BY NATURE OF CRIMINAL ACT, 
TIME AND PLACE OF COMMISSION, AND VALUE OF PROPERTY 
STOLEN, 1952 



[Offenses known to the police in 402 cities over 25,000 in population; total population, 56,89 
1950 decennial census] 


7,992 based on 


Classifleation 


Number of 
offenses 


Percent dis- 
tribution 


""t^oUI 


7,500 


100 






Forcible - - 


4,030 
3,470 




Statutory 


46 3 






Bobbery: 
Total 


42, 443 


100 






Highway 


22, 175 
11,489 

1,645 
680 

3,726 

2,640 


52 2 


Commercial house 


27 1 






Chain store 


1 6 






Bank - - - --- - 


2 




6 2 






Burglary— breaking or entering: 
Total 


249,093 


100.0 






Eesidence (dwelling): 

Committed during night 


57, 012 
44, 508 

132, 984 

14, .589 


22 9 






Nonresidence (store, office, etc.): 


53.3 


Committed during day 


5 9 






larceny-theft (except auto theft) (grouped according to value of article stolen) : 
Total 


575, 996 


100.0 








169, 082 
331, 520 
75, 394 


29 4 


$5 to $50 


57 5 




13.1 






larceny— theft (grouped as type of offense): 
Total . 


575, 996 


100.0 






Pocket-picking 


7,788 
10, 936 
21, 483 
121, 035 
112, 669 
85, 015 
217, 070 


1 4 






Shoplifting 


3.7 


Thefts from autos (exclusive of auto accessories) 


21 






Bicycles 




All others ---. - 


37.6 







Over a quarter of a billion dollars property loss was reported 
by 383 of the cities represented in the foregoing tabulation. Addi- 
tional information from these cities reflects an average loss of $1,060 
in 119,275 auto thefts and a loss of $117 on the average in 847,486 
robberies, burglaries, and larcenies. 

Victims lost $235 in the average robbery in 1952, a 21 percent 
increase over the $194 average robbery loss of 1951. The average 
burglary loss in 1952 was $180 or an increase of more than 29 percent 
over the 1951 figure of $139. 

The average theft loss other than autos was $81 in 1952, almost 
31 percent higher than the corresponding 1951 loss. 



109 



Table 41.— VALUE OF PROPERTY STOLEN, BY TYPE OF CRIME, 1952 

[Based on the reports of 383 cities over 23,000 in population; total population, 55,169,175 based on 1950 decen- 
nial census. All values. have been rounded off to even dollars] 



Classification 


Number 

of 
offenses 


Value of 

property 

stolen 


Average 
value per 
offense 


TOTAL 


966, 761 


$225, 492, 490 


$233 




Robbery 


41, 864 
243,011 
562,611 
119, 275 


9, 822, 274 
43, 707, 833 
45, 505, 812 
126, 456, 571 




Burglary 


180 


Larceny — theft 


81 
1,060 







Automobiles represent over 55 percent of the merchandise stolen 
by criminals. The remainder is made up of currency, 11 percent; 
jewelry, 8 percent; clothing, 6 percent; furs, 4 percent; and bicycles, 
automobile accessories, luggage, and miscellaneous items, 16 percent. 

Victhns of auto thefts are more likely to recover their stolen prop- 
erty than are victims of other types of thefts. While 92 percent of 
the stolen automobiles are located, only 18 percent of the value of 
other articles is recovered. 

These observations are based on the figures of 380 cities over 
25,000 population representing a total of 52,907,222 inhabitants. 
The following tal)le reflects the value of property stolen by type of 
property, the value recovered, and the percentage of recovery. 



Table 42. 



-VALUE OF PROPERTY STOLEN AND VALUE OF PROPERTY 
RECOVERED, BY TYPE OF PROPERTY, 1952 



[Based on reports of ; 



I cities over 25,000 in population; total population, 52,907,222 based on 1950 decennii 
census. All values have been rounded off to even dollars] 



Type of property 


Value of 


property 


Percetit 
recovered 


Stolen 


Recovered 


TOTAL ._.. 


.$216,371,811 


$127, 788, 812 


59.1 






Curren,cy, notes, etc 


24, 554, 910 
16, 937, 071 
7, 813, 476 
12,455,297 
119,366,967 
35, 244, 090 


2, 514, 070 
2, 287, 092 
483, 602 
2, 378, 184 
110,253,494 
9, 871, 770 


10 2 




13.5 


Furs ■ 


0.2 




19.1 






Miscellaneous 


28.0 







AGE, SEX, AND RACE OF PERSONS ARRESTED 

Under the original plans of the Committee on Uniform Crime 
Records of the International Association of Chiefs of Police it was con- 
templated that annual reports would be requested of contributing law 
enforcement agencies for the purpose of collecting data as to the age, 
sex, and race of persons dealt with by the police. During the early 
years of the uniform crime reporting program, however, the introduc- 
tion of new reports was held to a minimum so that greater emphasis 
could be placed on the growth of the reporting area and the quality of 
crime figures collected through the basic reports of offenses known to 
the police and the annual returns of persons charged and persons 
found guilty. 

In lieu of reports dealing with the age, sex, and race of persons ar- 
rested, the FBI in the past has gleaned what information of this type 
was available from the fingerprint arrest cards received at the Identi- 
fication Division of the FBI in Washington. This source for such 
information, it has always been recognized, was incomplete since the 
information was necessarily limited to cases in which persons taken 
into custody were fingerprinted and the fingerprint cards forwarded 
to Washington. The practice as to fmgerprinting arrested persons, 
particularly in the lower age groups, is not consistent and the incom- 
pleteness that might be expected, resulted. However, for two decades 
a great deal of information relative to this general subject was pro- 
vided by this source. 

Several years ago, the FBI began experimenting with different 
types of forms to be used by the police in reporting on the age, sex, and 
race of persons taken into custody and as a result a form which 
appeared to contain the most advantages was finally adopted and the 
police during recent years have been encouraged in its use. The form 
provides for recording separately for each crime class within the uni- 
form classification of offenses, excluding traffic, arrests by sex for 
individual ages 15-24 and for arrests under 15 years of age as a group. 
Grouped also are ages 25-29, 30-34, 35-39, 40-44, 45-49 and 50 and 
over. The columns for race include White, Negro, Indian, Chinese, 
Japanese, and all others. 

The report form adopted provides for the recording of persons taken 
into custody and formally charged as well as persons arrested and re- 
leased without a formal charge being placed against them. Juvenile 
arrests were intended to be included opposite the oft'ense classifica- 
tion in connection with which they were taken into custody regardless 
of the technical charge, such as juvenile delinquency, which might be 
placed against them. 

(110) 



Ill 

Questionnaires accompanying the annual returns furnished con- 
siderable information about them and the tabulations on the following 
pages were limited to the reports of those cities which from all indica- 
tions had been prepared in accordance with the instructions adopted 
for such reports. 

Some of the questions were designed to determine whether the 
reporting department included all juveniles taken into custody for 
offenses within its jurisdiction in conformity with uniform crime 
reporting procedures. In addition to the answers to these questions, 
the nature of the entries in the lower-age columns in relation to the 
entire return shed further light on the usability of each report. 

A number of departments whose reports were used in the tabulations 
volunteered the information that there were other agencies in the 
community which on occasions detained juveniles under circumstances 
amounting to technical arrest, which activity was not reflected in 
the police age, sex, and race of persons arrested report. Thus, it is 
quite probable the arrest figures herein presented, while far more com- 
plete than comparable data obtained from an examination of finger- 
print arrest records, are still conservative in the lower-age groups. 

Data pertaining to persons arrested should not be used as an indica- 
tion of the volume of crime as there are many offenses committed 
for which no one is arrested. The oft"enses known to the police data 
on earlier pages of this bulletin provide the best source for information 
as to the extent and fluctuation of crime in general. As a further 
word of caution, the figures presented as to the age, sex, and race 
of persons arrested during 1952 should not be compared with the 
data compiled from fingerprint records as presented in previous 
issues of the Uniform Crime Reports bulletin since the age, sex, and 
race arrest statistics for 1952 and those for all prior periods are from 
completely incomparable sources. 
Number of Arrests 

The age, sex, and race of persons arrested report forms were 
requested first from the police in cities with a population in excess 
of 25,000 and the form has met with growing favorable response and 
interest on the part of the police generally. In 1952 for the first time 
the form was forwarded to cities with a population under 25,000 and 
the response, while very encouraging, was not considered sufficiently 
widespread to include the summary data in the tabulations for the 
first year. In this connection it nuiy be observed that it is the aitn 
under the uniform crime reporting program to include at some future 
date tabulations on the age, sex, and race of persons arrested for 
cities of all sizes as well as for the rural areas. 



112 

Complete reports as to the age, sex, and race of persons arrested 
were received for 1952 from 232 cities with more than 25,000 inhabit- 
ants representing a combined urban population of 23,334,305 which 
is a little more than one-third of the population of cities in this group 
and approximately 15 percent of the total population of the country. 
The arrests reported by this group of 232 cities number 1,110,675 
and, by way of comparison, it may be observed that fingerprint arrest 
records received at the FBI during 1952 from all law-enforcement 
agencies numbered 847,938. 

Age 

Of the 1,110,675 arrests reported by the 232 cities over 25,000 in 
population represented in this study, 86,128 or 7.8 percent were 
of persons who had not yet reached their eighteenth birthday while 
13.3 percent were under 21 and 23.1 percent were under 25 years of age. 

As an indication of the participation of youth in crimes against 
property it is observed that while only 7.8 percent of all persons 
arrested were 17 years of age or less, this group accounted for 19.4 
percent of the arrests for robbery, 36.9 percent of the arrests for 
larceny, 47.8 percent of the arrests for burglary, and 52.6 percent 
of all auto theft arrests. 

Nearly half (48 percent) of all persons arrested for crimes against 
property involved people who had not yet reached their twenty-first 
birthday. 



113 



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114 

Table 44.— NUMBER AND PERCENTAGE OF ARRESTS OF PERSONS 
UNDER 18, UNDER 21, AND UNDER 25 YEARS OF AGE, 1952; 232 
CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION 

[Total population 23,334,305, based on 1950 decennial census] 



Oflcnse charged 



TOTAL - 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent man 

slaughter 

(b) Manslaughter by negligence 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Other assaults 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft 

Embezzlement and fraud 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, etc- 

Forgery and counterfeiting. 

Rape - 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Other sex offenses 

Narcotic drug laws 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Offenses against family and children 

Liquor laws... .-. 

Driving while intoxicated 

Disorderly conduct - 

Drunkenness 

Vagrancy.— 

Gambling. 

Suspicion 

All other offenses 



Number of persons arrested 



1, 110, 675 



6,554 
11,882 
45. 539 
22, 744 

39, 871 
11, 996 
6,505 
1,767 

3,969 
2,051 
12,438 
10, 058 

3,103 
8,039 
11,028 
16, 217 

41,259 
126, 269 
506. 023 

45, 727 

26, 738 
44, 350 
105, 299 



1,271 

641 
1,613 
10, 869 

14, 695 

6,314 

194 

329 

243 

297 

148 

1,219 



1,079 

215 
10, 099 
2,734 



5,698 
24, 927 



Under Under 
21 25 



147, 632 



140 
116 

2,439 
1,461 
4,429 
14, 023 

18,710 

8.224 

555 

C02 

002 

717 

1,252 

2,038 

406 
1,5.52 
1,302 
2,674 

1,473 
20, 095 
12, 059 

5,147 

949 
12, 222 
34,545 



315 
230 

3,865 
3,142 
10, 809 
16,848 

22, 903 

9.648 

1,270 

739 

1,311 
1,119 

4,470 
3, 566 

1,206 
2,749 
2,784 
4,073 

5, 546 
37, 400 
42,815 
10,154 

2, 965 
19,433 

47, V.52 



Percentage 



Under 
18 



19.4 
5.4 
3.5 

47.8 

36.9 
52.6 
3.0 
18.6 

6.1 

14.5 
1.2 
12.1 



6.2 
6.7 

.5 
8.1 

.5 
3.7 

1.0 
12.8 
23.7 



Under 
21 



10.9 
12.1 

37.2 
12.3 
9.7 
61.7 

46.9 

8.5 
28.4 

15.2 
35.0 
10.1 
20.3 

13.1 
19.3 
11.8 
16.5 

3.6 
16.0 

2.4 
11.3 

3.5 
27.6 
32.8 



Under 
25 



24.5 
23.9 



26.4 
23.7 



19.5 
41.8 



54.6 
35.9 
35.5 



34.2 
25.2 
25.1 

13.4 
29.9 
8.5 
22.2 

U. 1 
43.8 
45.3 



115 



r 


WW% NUMBER OF PERSONS ARRESTED 

T, T, 1 UNDER 25 YEARS OF AGE 

\\ y'l i ^ NUMBER OF ARRESTS PER AGE GROUP 

^ ^yd 1 MALE AND FEMALE 

M ^-^ 232 CITIES-TOTAL POPULATION 23,334,305 
E ^% CALENDAR YEAR 1952 




■HI 21,095 ^^^^^H 
El 21,048 ^^^^^H 
EEl 19,361 ^^^^^^i 
Ell 25!l6^^^^| 




E^^^^^^^^2e!69^^^H 




^^^ ^^jl^i^^^H 


WT^^ 30,272 ^H 



116 



Sex 



There were 8 men arrested for each femah^ taken into custody in the 
232 cities inchided in these tabidations but there are significant dif- 
ferences in the criminal tendencies of males and females which are 
revealed when a study is made of an average group of 1,000 men 
arrested in comparison with an average group of 1,000 arrested 
women. For example, such a comparison reveals more women than 
men charged with murder, aggravated assault and liquor law viola- 
tions while the criminal male leans more toward robbery, burglary, 
auto theft, and driving while intoxicated. 



Table 45.— DISTRIBUTION OF ARRESTS BY SEX, 1952; 232 CITIES 
OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION 

[Total population 23,334,305, based on 1950 decennial census] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 

(b) Manslaughter by negligence 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault ___ 

other assaults 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Auto theft 

Embezzlement and fraud__ 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, etc 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Rape 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

other sex offenses 

Narcotic drug laws 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Offenses against family and children 

Liquor laws 

Driving while intoxicated 

Disorderly conduct 

Drunkeimess 

Vagrancy . _-. 

Gambling 

Suspicion 

All other offenses 

1 Less than J-^o of 1 percent. 



TOTAL Male Female 



6,554 
11, 882 
45, 539 
22, 744 

39, 871 

11, 996 
6,605 
1,767 

3,969 
2,051 

12, 438 

10, 068 

3,103 
8,039 

11, 028 
16,217 

41, 259 
126, 269 
606, 023 

45, 727 

26, 738 
44, 350 
105, 299 



1,045 
907 



9,829 
41, 542 
22, 196 

34. .330 
11,725 
5,554 
1,619 

3, 3.^3 
2,051 
2,956 

7,792 

2, 638 
7,568 
9,866 
12, 970 

39, 635 
105, 609 
468,113 

38, 992 

24, 494 

39. 449 
90,260 



243 
54 

277 
2,053 
3,997 

548 

5,541 
271 
951 



465 

471 

1.162 

3,247 

1.724 
19, 660 
37, 910 

6. 735 

2,244 
4,901 
15,039 



TOTAL Male Female 



1.1 
.6 
.2 

.4 
.2 
1.1 
.9 

.3 
.7 
1.0 
1.5 

3.7 
11.2 
46.6 

4.1 

2.4 
4.0 
9.5 



1.0 
1.3 

4.0 
10.6 
47.2 

3.9 

2.5 
4.0 
9.1 



1.4 
16.4 
31.7 

5.6 



117 



Race 

More than 98 percent of the persons arrested in 1952 were members 
of the white and Negro races. Ahnost 73 percent were members of 
the white race while sHghtly more than 25 percent were reported as 
members of the Negro race. The balance were Indians, Chinese, 
Japanese, and other races. 



Table 46.— ARRP:STS BY 



RACE, 1952; 232 
POPULATION 



CITIES OVER 2.5,000 IN 



[Total population 23,334,3(A based on 195(J deconnial census] 



Ofifense charged 



TOTAL ..-. 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegllgent man 

slaughter 

(b) Manslaughter by negligence 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Other assaults 

Burglary — breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft. _ 

Autotheft 

Embezzlement and fraud.. 

Stolen propert5>; buymg, receiving, etc.... 

Forgery and counterfeiting - 

Rape 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Other sex ofifenses... 

Narcotic drug laws 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Offenses against family and children 

Liquor laws 

Driving while intoxicated. 

Disorderly conduct 

Drunkenness 

Vagrancy 

Gambling 

Suspicion 

All other offenses. 



Total all 
races 



6,554 
11, 882 
45, 539 
22,744 

39, 871 

6!505 
1,767 



2,051 
12, 438 
10, 058 



11,028 
16,217 

41, 259 
125, 269 
506,023 

45, 727 



44, 350 
105, 299 



White Negro Indian 



808, 357 



444 
792 

3,617 
4,270 
26, 914 

15, 752 

26, 784 
9,641 
5,356 
1,166 

3, 398 
1, 257 
8,783 
7,401 

1,635 
3,257 
7,750 
8,726 

34, 586 
80, 397 
404, 245 
34, 744 



32, 491 

76, 818 



2,890 
7, 555 
18,421 

6,878 

12,800 

2,274 

1,133 

597 

559 

781 

3,546 

2,459 

1,447 
4.744 
3,224 
7,358 

6,375 
43, 772 
85, 614 
10, 155 

18, 558 
11, 577 
27, 728 



5 
86 
149 

4 
14 
35 
101 

230 

877 

14.474 

733 

2 

186 



Chi- 
nese 



Japa- 



All 
others 



206 
1,576 



REPORTING AREA 

In 1952, law enforcement agencies numbering 5,788 forwarded one 
or more crime reports under the uniform crime reporting program. 
This is 507 more than the 5,281 agencies contributing during 1951, 
or an increase of 9.6 percent. 

With the 1950 decennial census a new definition was adopted as to 
urban and rural areas different in some respects from that of prior 
censuses. This created a problem with respect to Uniform Crime 
Reporting since boundaries established by the 1950 census separating 
urban and rural areas do not in some instances correspond with the 
jurisdictional boundaries of reporting police agencies. Reports re- 
ceived from some agencies therefore will include both urban and rural 
crimes according to the 1950 census distinction. Because of this, 
and in the interests of continuity, the Uniform Crime Reporting dis- 
tinction between urban and rural follows generally the 1940 census 
definition which includes as urban communities incorporated places 
of 2,500 or more inhabitants, as well as some areas classified as urban 
under special rules relating to population, size, and density. Minor 
exceptions have been made where a very few communities, definitely 
urban in character but classed as rural under the 1940 definitions, 
have been included in the urban tabulations. 

The tabulation presented below indicates the number of urban 
police departments participating in the crime reporting program in 
1952, together with the population represented. 



Population group 


Total 

number 

of 

cities 
or towns 


Cities filing 
returns 


Total 
population 


Population repre- 
sented in returns 




Number 


Percent 


Number 


Percent 


TOTAL 


4,027 


3,214 


79.8 


89, 071, 906 


84, 294, 086 


94.6 






1 Cities ovtT 250,000 


41 
66 
128 
275 
814 
2,703 


127 

263 

734 

1,983 


100.0 
100.0 
99. 2 
95.6 
90.2 
73.4 


34, 832, 955 
9,614,111 
9, 073, 363 
9. 640, 304 
12, 467, 229 
13, 443, 944 


34, 832, 955 
9,614,111 
9, 006, 795 
9, 248, 795 
11,340,322 
10, 251, 108 


160 






3. Cities 50,000 to 100,000 


99 3 


4. Cities 25,000 to 50,000 . 


95.9 


5. Cities 10,000 to 25,000 


91.0 


6 Cities "^ 500 to 10 000 


76 3 







In addition to the 3,214 urban places in the table, one or more 
reports were received from 234 rural townships antl villages, 2,329 
sheriffs and State police organizations and 11 agencies in Territories 
and possessions of the United States. 

(118) 



119 

CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENSES 

The police statistics herein concern local offenses only and in no 
manner relate to crimes characterized as exclusively Federal. 

The term "offenses known to the police" is designed to include those 
crimes designated as part I classes of the uniform classification occm'- 
ring within the police jurisdiction, whether they become known to the 
police through reports of police officers, of citizens, of prosecuting or 
court officials, or otherwise. They are confined to the following group 
of seven classes of grave offenses, shown by experience to be those 
most generally and completely reported to the police: Criminal 
homicide, including (a) murder, nonneghgent manslaughter, and (6) 
manslaughter by negligence; rape; ro])bery; aggravated assault; 
liinglary — breaking or entering; larceny — theft; and auto theft. The 
figures contained herein include also the number of attempted crimes 
of the designated classes. In other words, an attempted burglary or 
robbery, for example, is reported in the bulletin in the same manner 
as if the crime had been completed. Attempted murders, however, 
are reported as aggravated assaults. 

"Oft'enses known to the police" include, therefore, all of the above 
offenses, including attempts, which are reported by the law-enforce- 
ment agencies of contributing communities and not merely arrests or 
cleared cases. Offenses committed by juveniles are included in the 
same manner as those knoAvn to have been committed by adults, 
regardless of the prosecutive action. Complaints which upon investi- 
gation are learned to be groundless are not included in the tabulations. 

In publishing the data sent in by chiefs of police in difi'eront cities, 
the FBI does not vouch for their accuracy. They are given out as 
current information which may throw some light on problems of 
crime and criminal-law enforcement. 

In compiling the tables, returns which were apparently incom- 
plete or otherwise defective were excluded. 

In order to indicate more clearly the types of offenses included in 
part I and part II offenses, there follows a brief definition of each 
classification: 
Part I Offenses 

1. Criminal homicide.— (a) Murder and nonneghgent manslaughter 
includes all willful felonious homicides as distinguished from deaths 
caused by negligence. Does not include attempts to kiU, assaults to 
kill, suicides, accidental deaths, or justifiable homicides. Justifiable 
homicides excluded from this classification are limited to the following 
types of cases: (1) The kilhng of a felon by a peace officer in line of 



120 

duty; (2) the killing of a hold-up man by a private citizen. (6) Man- 
slaughter by negligence includes any death which the police investiga- 
tion establishes was primarily attributable to gross negligence on the 
part of some individual other than the victim. 

2. Rape. — Includes forcible rape, statutory rape (no force used^ 
victim under age of consent), assault to rape, and attempted rape. 

3. Robbery. — Includes stealing or taking anything of value from the 
person by force or violence or by putting in fear, such as strong-arm 
robbery, stick-ups, robbery armed. Includes assault to rol) and 
attempt to rob. 

4. Aggravated assault. — Includes assault with intent to kill; assault 
by shooting, cutting, stabbing, maiming, poisoning, scalding, or l)y 
the use of acids. Does not include simple assault, assault and battery, 
fighting, etc. 

5. Burglary — breaking or entering. — Includes burglary, housebreak- 
ing, safecracking, or any unlawful entry to commit a felony or a theft, 
even though no force was used to gain entrance. Includes attempts. 
Burglary followed by larceny is included in this classification and not 
counted again as larceny. 

6. Larceny — theft (except auto theft). — (a) Fifty dollars and over in 
value; (6) under $50 in value — includes in one of the above sub- 
classifications, depending upon the value of the property stolen, 
thefts of bicycles, automobile accessories, shoplifting, pocket-picking, 
or any stealing of property or article of value which is not taken by 
force and violence or by fraud. Does not include embezzlement, 
"con" games, forgery, worthless checks, etc. 

7. Auto theft. — Includes all cases where a motor vehicle is stolen or 
driven away and abandoned, including the so-called joy-riding thefts. 
Does not include taking for temporary use when actiuilly returned by 
the taker, or unauthorized use by those having lawful access to the 
vehicle. 

Part II Offenses 

8. Other assaults. — Includes all assaults and attempted assaults 
which are not of an aggravated nature and which do not belong in 
class 4. 

9. Forgery and counterfeiting. — Includes offenses dealing with the 
making, altering, uttering, or possessing, with intent to defraud, any- 
thing false which is made to appear true. Includes attempts. 

10. Embezzlement and fraud. — Includes all offenses of fraudulent 
conversion, embezzlement, and obtaining money or property by false 
pretenses. 

11. Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing. — Includes buying, 
receiving, and possessing stolen property as well as attempts to com- 
mit any of those offenses. 



121 

12. Weajyons; carrying, 'possessing, etc. — Inchidos all violations of 
regulations or statutes controlling the carrying, using, possessing, 
furnishing, and manufacturing of deadly weapons or silencers and all 
attempts to violate such statutes or regulations. 

13. Prostitution and commercialized vice. — Includes sex offenses of a 
commercialized nature, or attempts to commit the same, such as 
prostitution, keeping bawdy house, procuring, transporting, or de- 
taining women for immoral purposes. 

14. Sex ofenses (except rape and prostitution and commercialized 
vice).- — ^Includes offenses against chastity, common decency, morals, 
and the like. Includes attempts. 

15. Offenses against the family and children. — ^Includes offenses of 
nonsupport, neglect, desertion, or abuse of family and children. " 

16. Narcotic drug laws. — Includes offenses relating to narcotic drugs, 
such .as unlawful possession, sale, or use. Excludes Federal offenses. 

17. Liquor laws. — With the exception of "drunkenness" (class 18) 
and "driving while intoxicated" (class 22), liquor law violations, 
State or local, are placed in this class. Excludes Federal violations. 

18. Drunkenness. — Includes all offenses of drunkenness or in- 
toxication. 

19. Disorderly conduct. — Includes all charges of committing a 
breach of the peace. 

20. Vagrancy. — Includes such offenses as vagabondage, begging, 
loitering, etc. 

21. Gambling. — Includes offenses of promoting, permitting, or 
engaging in gambling. 

22. Driving while intoxicated. — Includes driving or operating any 
motor vehicle while drunk or under the influence of liquor or narcotics. 

23. Violation oj road and driving laws. — Includes violations of regu- 
lations with respect to the proper handling of a motor vehicle to 
prevent accidents. 

24. Parking violations. — Includes violations of parking ordinances. 

25. Other violations oj traffic and motor vehicle Zatys— Includes viola- 
tions of State laws and municipal ordinances with regard to traffic and 
motor vehicles not otherwise provided for in classes 22-24. 

26. All other offenses. — ^Includes all violations of State or local laws 
for which no provision has been made above in classes 1-25. 

27. Suspicion. — This classification includes all persons arrested as 
suspicious characters, but not in connection with any specific offense, 
who are released without formal charges being placed against them. 



INDEX TO VOLUME XXIII, UNIFORM CRIME REPORTS 

(All referencos arc to page numbers) 

Page 
Age of offenders. {See Arrests.) 

Age, sex, and race of persons arrested, reports from police 110-117 

Annual crime trends: 

Cities grouped by size 75-76 

Cities grouped by location 75, 78-81 

Estimated total number of major crimes, 1952 73-74 

Long term trends 75-76, 82-83 

Rural crime trends 3-5, 73-74, 83-84 

Urban crime trends 3-5, 73-83 

Arrests — based on age, sex, and race of persons arrested, reports from 

police 110-117 

Age of offenders 110-115 

Sex of offenders 110-112, 116 

Race of offenders 110-112, 117 

Arrests — based on fingerprint records 64-67 

Age of offenders 65-67 

Race of offenders 67 

Recidivism 67 

Sex of offenders 64-65, 67 

Automobiles — percentage recovered 107 

Classification of offenses 2, 68-69, 119-121 

Cleared by arrest, offenses 45-49, 57 

By geographic divisions 49 

Crimes. (See Arrests, estimated number, offenses, persons charged, per- 
sons found guilty, and persons released.) 
Criminal repeaters. (See Arrests — recidivism.) 

Employees, number of police 21-44 

Fingerprint records 64-67 

Monthly variations, offenses known to the police 85-90 

Monthly variations, larceny classification 89-90 

Offenses known to the police: 

Annual trends 3-5, 73-84 

Cities grouped by location 6, 8-10, 75, 78-81, 93-95 

Cities grouped by location and size 9, 94 

Cities grouped by size 6-7, 76, 92 

Cleared by arrest 45 49, 57 

Cleared by arrest, geographic divisions 49 

Divided as to time and place and value of property stolen 107-109 

Individual cities over 25,000 in population 12-20, 97-105 

Monthly variations 85-90 

Monthly variations, larceny classification 89-90 

Rural areas 3-5, 11, 73-74, 83-84, 96 

Territories and possessions of the United States 106 

Persons charged (held for prosecution) 47, 50-60 

By geographic divisions 53-55 

Persons found guilty 56-60 

Persons released (not held for prosecution) 61-63 

Police department employees 2 1-44 

Police killed _ 2l 

(122) 



123 

Page 

Possessions and Territories of the United States, offenses in 106 

Property, value stolen 108-109 

Property, value stolen and recovered 109 

Prosecution, persons held for. {See Persons charged and persons found 

guilty.) 
Race of offenders. {See Arrests.) 
Recidivism. {See Arrests.) 

Reporting area, extent of 118 

Rural crime data 3-5, 11, 73-74, 83-84, 96 

Sex of offenders. {See Arrests.) 

Sheriffs' reports 3-5, 11, 73-74, 83-84, 96 

State crime rates. {See Offenses knov^^n — cities grouped by location.) 

State police reports 3-5, 11, 73-74, 83-84, 96 

Territories and possessions of the United States, offenses in 106 

Trends, annual crime: 

Cities grouped by location 78-81 

Cities grouped by size 76 

Long term 82-83 

Rural 3-5, 73-74, 83-84 

Urban 3-5, 73-83 

Urban crime rates 6-10, 91-95 

Value of property stolen 108-109 

Value of property stolen and recovered 109 

Variations, monthly crime 85-90 

Variations, monthly larceny classification 89-90 

o 



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