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Full text of "Uniform crime reports for the United States"

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Given By 
U S. SUPT. OF DOCUMENTS 



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UNIFORM 


CRIME 


REPORTS 


FOR THE UNITED STATES 
AND ITS POSSESSIONS 




ISSUED BY THE 

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 

WASHINGTON, D. C 



Volume XXIV 
SEMIANNUAL BULLETIN 



Number ( 
1953 



UNIFORM 
CRIME REPORTS 

FOR THE UNITED STATES 
AND ITS POSSESSIONS 



Volume XXIV— Number 1 
SEMIANNUAL BULLETIN, 1953 



Issued by the 

Federal Bureau of Investigation 

United States Department of Justice 

Washington, D. C. 




ADVISORY 



International Association of Chiefs of Police 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1953 



Boston Public LH^rar^ 

Superintendent of Documentf \ ^ tr :i ir / 



CONTENTS ^ 

Page 
Summary of volume XXIV, No. 1 1 

Crime trends: 

Estimated number of major crimes, January-June, 1952-53 (table !)_ 2-3 

Urban crime trends, January-June, 1952-53 (table 2) 4 

Rural crime trends, January-June, 1952-53 (table 3) 4 

Crime rates: 

Urban crime rates, January-June, 1953 — cities divided according to 

population (table 4) 5-6 

Urban crime rates, January-June, 1953 — cities divided according to 

location (tables 5-7) 7-9 

Rural crime rates, January-June, 1953 (table 8) 10 

Offenses in individual areas: 

Offenses in cities witii more than 25,000 inhabitants (table 9) 11-19 

Police employee data: 

Police employees killed, 1952 (table 10) 20 

Number of pohce employees per 1,000 inhabitants, April 30, 1953 — 

cities grouped by size and location (tables 11, 12) 20-23 

Police employees in individual cities, April 30, 1953 (tables 13, 14)_._ 23-43 
Offenses cleared and persons arrested: 

Offenses cleared by arrest, 1952 — cities divided according to size (table 

15) 44^7 

Offenses cleared by arrest, 1952 — cities divided according to location 

(table 16) 48 

Persons charged, 1952 — cities divided according to population (tables 

17, 18) 49-52 

Persons charged, 1952 — cities divided according to location (table 19) . 52-55 
Offenses known, offenses cleared, persons charged and persons found 

guilty, 1952 — part I offense classes (table 20) 56-58 

Persons charged and persons found guilty, part II offense classes 

(table 21) 56-57,59-60 

Persons released, 1952 — cities divided according to population (tables 

22, 23) 61-63 

Classification of offenses 64-65 



[n] 



UNIFORM CRIME REPORTS 

J. Edgar Hoover, Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation, U. S. Department 
of Justice, Washington, D. C. 

Volume XXIV JULY 1953 Number 1 

SUMMARY 

Estimated Number of Major Criryies, January-June, 1952-53 

Major crimes increased 2.5 percent in the first six months of 1953 
compared with the same period in 1952. The 1,047,000 crimes at the 
midyear point of 1953 represented a 9.0 percent increase over the 1951 
semiannual figures. Victims of killers in this country numbered 
6,470 while over 54,000 other individuals were feloniously assaulted 
by rapists or potential killers. Over 29,000 victims were confronted 
by robbers using guns, other weapons or force. 
Crime Trends 

Total crime increased 2.5 percent led by an 8.4 percent rise in 
aggravated assaidts and a 6.5 percent rise in offenses of rape. Auto 
thefts increased 5.1 percent but other property crimes and criminal 
homicides increased only nominally. 

City crimes registered only a 0.5 percent increase in total crime but 
reflected a 7.0 percent and 6.6 percent increase, respectively, in 
aggravated assaults and negligent manslaughters. Murders and 
rapes increased 0.1 percent and 3.0 percent, respectively, while city 
robberies, burglaries and thefts decreased slightly. City auto thefts 
rose 4.8 percent. 

Rural crimes increased 9.0 percent supported by increases in all 
classes except negligent manslaughters (—6.0 percent). 
Police Employee Data 

In 1952, 63 police in 3,671 cities were killed in line of duty. The 
rate 3.64 killed per 5 million population is an improvement over the 
3.81 in 1951. 

As of April 30, 1953, police numbered 1.78 per 1,000 inhabitants as 
compared with 1.75 in 1952. 
Offenses Cleared By Arrest, 1952 

For each 10 homicides in 1952, 9 were cleared by the police. Ex- 
cluding larcenies, police cleared by arrest 1 out of 2.9 of the remaining 
more serious crunes. Only 1 out of 5 larcenies was cleared. 
Persons Found Guilty, 1952 

Of each 100 persons charged by the police in 1952 with major 
(Part I) crimes, 70 were found guilty. Almost 67 percent of the 
persons charged with Part II crimes were convicted. 

(1) 



CRIME TREND- U. S. 

BASED ON THE ESTIMATED NUMBER 
OF MAJOR CRIMES 

Jan. -June 1952 vs. Jan. -June 1953 

PERCENT CHANGE 



TOTAL 



Negligent 
Manslaughter 

Rape 





Figure 1. 



CRIME TRENDS 

Estimated Number of Major Crimes, January-June, 1952-53 

The 1,047,000 crimes in the first half of 1953 represented an increase 
of 2.5 percent over the same period of 1952 and a 9.0 percent increase 
over the 1951 six-months figure. 

Increases over 1952 ranged from 8.4 percent for aggravated assaults 
to 0.6 percent for murder. Crimes of rape increased 6.5 percent and 
negligent manslaughters (mostly traffic killings) rose 0.7 percent. 
All crimes against the person combined (murder, negligent man- 
slaughter, rape, and aggravated assault) increased 7.2 percent. 

Property crimes (auto theft, burglary, robbery, and larceny) in- 
creased 5.1 percent, 3.4 percent, 1.4 percent, and 1.2 percent respec- 
tively. Grouping property crimes a 2.2 percent increase is noted. 

The nationwide estimated increase of 2.5 percent in crime is based 
on a reported 9.0 percent increase in rural crime and a 0.5 percent 
increase in city crime. Table 1 presents the details of the crime 
estimate for the first 6 months of 1952-53. While the estimated 
total major crimes includes larceny of all classes. Part II offenses, 
some of which are of a serious nature such as arson and embezzlement, 
are excluded and for that reason the estimated total is considered to be 
conservative. 

Table 1.— CRIME TRENDS, URBAN AND RURAL 

[Estimated number of major crimes in the United States January-June, 1952-53] 



Offense 



TOTAL, _ 

Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 

Manslaughter by negligence 

Rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Auto theft 



N umber of offenses 
January-June 



1952 



1, 022, 200 



3,370 
3,060 
8,320 
29, 190 

42, 090 
224, 840 
604, 210 
107, 120 



1, 047, 290 



3,390 
3,080 
8,860 
29, 610 

45, 630 
232, 510 
611,610 
112,600 



Change 



Number Percent 



+25, 090 



+20 
+20 
+540 
+420 

+3, .540 
+7, 670 
+7, 400 
+5, 480 



+2.5 



+.6 

+.7 

+ 6.5 

+ 1.4 

+8.4 
+3.4 
+ 1.2 
+5.1 



(3) 



Urban Crime Trends 

Although city crimes increased only 0.5 percent, crimes against 
the person in the first 6 months of 1953 were 6.2 percent above the 
1952 half-year figures. This increase was led by aggravated assaults, 
plus 7.0 percent. 

The nominal rise of 0.2 percent in city crimes with propert}^ as their 
object resulted principally from a 4.8 percent increase in auto thefts. 

Table 2.— URBAN CRIME TRENDS, JANUARY-JUNE, 1952-53 
. [Offenses known to the police in 2,182 cities, total population 72,731,766 based on 1950 decennial census] 



Offense 



TOTAL- 



Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter. 

Manslaughter by negligence 

Rape 

Robbery 



Aggravated assault 

Burglary — breaking or entering. 

Larceny — theft 

Auto theft 



Number of offenses 
January— June 



1952 



622, 307 



1. 675 
1, 156 
4,040 

21,857 

27, 794 
145, 990 
354,194 

65, 601 



625, 359 



1,677 

1.232 

4,163 

21,772 

29,741 
145, a59 
352, 082 

68, 733 



Change 



Number 



+3. 062 



+2 

+76 

+123 

-85 

+1,947 

-31 

-2, 112 

+3. 132 



Percent 



+0.5 



+0.1 
+6.6 
+3.0 
-0.4 

+7.0 



(1) 



-0.6 

+4.8 



1 Decrease of less than 1/10 of 1 percent. 

Rural Crime Trends 

The 9.0 percent increase in rural crime was led by a 14.1 percent 
increase in burglaries and a 13.8 percent increase in aggravated 
assaults. Rape and robbery each increased over 10 percent, while 
thefts, including autos, rose 6 percent. 

Negligent manslaughters registered the only decrease, 6.0 percent, 
but wilful killings increased 1.5 percent. 

Table 3.— RURAL CRIME TRENDS, JANUARY-JUNE, 1952-53 

[Based on reports of 1,428 sheriffs, 84 rural village officers, and 10 State police; total runil population, 
37,718,834, based on the 1950 decennial census) 



Offense 



Number of offenses 
January— June 



1953 



Change 



Number 



Percent 



TOTAL 

Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter. 

Manslaughter by negligence 

Rape... 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary — breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Autotheft 



103, 999 



113,380 



+9,381 



850 
1,004 
2, 066 
3,030 

5,874 
32.383 
48, 135 
10, 657 



863 

944 

2,289 

3,342 



36. 939 
51,012 
11,304 



+ 13 

-60 

+223 

+312 

+813 
+4, 556 
+2, 877 

+647 



+9.0 



+ 1. ■'■> 

-6.0 

+10.8 

+10.3 

+13.8 

+ 14. 1 

+6.0 

+6.1 



CRIME RATES 

Urban Crime Rates, January-June 1953 

Crime rates differ from trends in that the trends are based on a 
comparison of actual figures from identical contributors for 2 or more 
given periods, while the rates are actual figures in terms of units of 
population (100,000) and are not necessarily limited to the reports 
of contributors used in the trends. Rates provide a means of study- 
ing local figures in relation to national or other geographic area crime 
experience. 

The largest cities, Group I (those cities with a population of over 
250,000) had the highest rates except for larceny. The Group II 
(cities with a population of from 100,000 to 250,000) exceeded all 
others in larcenies. 

The smallest cities had the lowest rate in all offenses with three ex- 
ceptions — Group IV (25,000 to 50,000 in population) was lower in 
rape and Group V (10,000 to 25,000 in population) was lower in 
murder and rape than the smallest cities, Group VI (population 2,500 
to 10,000). 

An arrangement of the rates by geographic areas reflects wide 
variations among the various sections of the country. 

The Pacific States as a group had the highest crime rate for robbery, 
burglary, larceny, and auto theft. 

The East South Central States as a group exceeded all others in 
murder, and the South Atlantic States had the largest assault rate. 
The New England States ranked lowest in all crime rates. 

An analysis of these variations points up the inadvisability of com- 
paring rates of localities in different geographic areas and emphasizes 
the many factors affecting the volume of crime. 

(5) 



Table 4.— URBAN CRIME RATES, JANUARY-JUNE, 1953, BY POPULA- 
TION GROUPS 

(Offenses known to the police and rate per 100,000 inhabitants. Population figures based on IS.IO decennial 

census] 



Population group 



Mur- 
der, Man- 

nonnog-l slaugh- 



Criminal 
homicide 



ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



ter hy 
negli- 
gence 



Rape 



Rob- 
bery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 



Auto 
theft 



TOTAL, GROUPS I-VI 

2,454 cities; total population, 
78,609,955: 

Nnmberof oflfensesknown 

Rate per 100,000 



40 cities over 250,000; total popula- 
tion, 34,524,513: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 



GROUP n 

66 cities, 100,000 to 250,000; total 
population, 9,694,111: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 



GROUP in 

121 cities, 50,000 to 100,000; total 
population, 8,528,691: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 



240 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; 
population, 8,482,821: 
Number of offenses known 
Rate per 100,000 



total 



653 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; total 
population, 10,098,483: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 



GROUP VI 

1,334 cities under 10,000; total popu- 
lation, 7,281,336: 

N um ber of offenses known 

Rate per 100,000 



1,848 
2.35 



1,014 
2.94 



168 
1.97 



160 



129 
1.28 



100 
1.37 



1.354 
1.72 



4,629 
6.76 



23, 648 81, 748 
30. 1 40. 4 



157, 574 
200.5 



' 365, 634 75, 540 
477. 6 96. 1 



801 
2.32 



188 
1.94 



144 



117 
1.38 



.38 



501 
5.17 



320 
.3.75 



289 
3.41 



275 
2.72 



251 
3.45 



17, 351 
50.3 



2,482 
25.6 



1,391 
16.3 



966 
11.4 



864 
8.6 



594 
8.2 



20, 227 
58.6 



3,573 
36.9 



3,119 
36.6 



1.915 
22.6 



1.775 
17.6 



1,139 
15.6 



84,048 
243.4 



21,887 
225.8 



15, 232 
178.6 



14.164 
167.0 



14,220 
140.8 



8,023 
110.2 



1 162,660 
501.2 



52, 732 
544.0 



42, 029 
492.8 



42. 478 
500.8 



43. 464 
430. 4 



22,171 
304.5 



I The number of offenses and rates for larceny-theft are based on reports as follows: Groups I- VI, 2,453 
cities, total population, 76,538,350; Group I, 39 cities, total population, 32,452,908. 



Table 5.— URBAN CRIME RATES, JANUARY-JUNE 1953, BY 

GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND STATES 

[Offenses known per 100,000 inhabitants. Population based on 1950 decennial census] 



Division and State 



TOTAL. 
New England... 



Connecticut 

Maine 

Massachusetts.. - 
New Hampshire. 

Rhode Island 

Vermont 



Middle Atlantic 

New Jersey 

New York 

Pennsylvania. - 

East North Central. 



Illinois 

Indiana 

Michigan. . 

Ohio 

Wisconsin. 



West North Central.. 

Iowa 

Kansas 

Minnesota 

Missouri 

Nebraska.. 

North Dakota.- 
South Dakota... 

South Atlantic * 

Delaware.. 

Florida 

Georgia 

Maryland 

North Carolina- 
South Carolina., 

Virginia 

West Virginia... 

East South Central... 



Alabama 

Kentucky... 
Mississippi. 
Tennessee... 



West South Central. 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma. 

Texas 



Mountain 

Arizona 

Colorado 

Idaho.. 

Montana 

Nevada 

New Mexico. 

Utah 

Wyoming 

Pacific. 



California 

Oregon 

Washington. 



Murder, 

non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



.99 
1.24 
.67 



1.50 



1.17 
L43 
1.81 

1.96 



2.48 
1.95 
2.10 
1.71 
.67 

1.61 



.55 
1.67 

.40 
3.43 
1.54 



6.10 



1.54 
5.50 
6.73 
3.25 
5.99 
4.50 
5.84 
3.74 

6.05 



6.54 
6.15 
4.74 
5.90 

5.26 



5.78 
4.50 
2.96 
6.06 

2.00 



4.59 
2.03 
1.05 
2.01 
2.00 
1.62 
1.37 
.78 

1.53 



1.59 
.89 
1.53 



Robbery 



8.6 
5.6 
8.0 
1.6 
6.1 
.8 

30.7 



17.3 
37.6 
24.5 

33.7 



55.3 
22.4 
34.5 
22.1 
5.5 

24.9 



5.6 
22.6 
16.9 
50.1 
12.3 
3.9 
2.8 

29.7 



23.8 
31.9 
21.0 
39.6 
14.3 
14.8 
30.3 
12.6 

26.3 



19.8 
44.4 
9.5 
23.5 

22.2 



18.5 
22.4 
20.6 
23.0 

28.8 



60.4 
39.1 
7.3 
17.1 
.56.0 
18.9 
12.1 
12.5 

47.7 



52.9 
19.6 
33.7 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



6.9 



15.8 
4.3 
4.6 
2.7 
7.3 
4.2 

31.5 



25.1 
40.4 
17.4 

35.6 



42.8 
21.7 
59.0 
24.1 

8.4 

27.6 



4.1 
24.8 

4.2 
71.0 

4.6 

L7 
111.4 



10.7 

59.6 
105.2 

68.2 
180.4 

65.1 
102.6 

27.3 

62.6 



25.0 
55.0 

41.3 



52.3 
32.3 
21.6 
48.3 

18.6 



32.5 
20.1 
15.7 
20.6 
16.0 
22.1 
7.4 
12.5 

39.8 



47.7 
14.9 
8.1 



Burglary, 
breaking 

or 
entering 



200.5 



127.2 



170.5 
98.7 

113.4 
81.8 

170.5 
87.6 

190.9 



175.9 
216.9 
148.3 

150.2 



154.2 
191.2 
176.4 
137.1 
70.0 

167.2 



118.4 
185.4 
142.2 
231.6 
121.8 
93.7 
90.0 

257.8 



237.3 
356.6 
237.4 
250.8 
191.9 
222.4 
247.3 
130.8 

228.1 



246.7 
281.6 
171.6 

188.7 

259.8 



201.6 
122.5 
244.9 
317.1 

273.9 



466.9 
328.9 
185.1 
158.9 
410.3 
222.5 
197.9 
144.1 

294.2 



306.8 
246.0 
249.1 



Larceny, 
theft 



294.0 



342.5 
334.5 
267.7 
233.3 
369.4 
282.7 

2 332. 5 



296.9 
377.5 
I 227. 2 

435.5 



296.5 
519.0 
583.9 
456.1 
414.2 

455.8 



420.6 
553.1 
417.6 
470.1 
440.5 
477.9 
403.7 

562.7 



641.9 
706.2 
455.9 
565.4 
450.0 
560.8 
660.6 
297.3 

359.1 



339.1 
496.9 
254.5 
306.1 

603.4 



424.5 
336.5 
620.8 
709.9 

807.7 



1, 310. 6 
753.1 
853.7 
734.4 

1, 056. 7 
521.2 
777.8 
627.7 

842.1 



868.0 
736.0 
753 5 



166.6 
95.3 
136.0 



' The rate for larceny is based on the reports of 2,453 cities with a total population of 76,538,350. 
' The rate for larceny is based on the reports of 521 cities with a total population of 18,801,906. 
3 The rate for larceny is based on the reports of 218 cities with a total population of 3,894,657. 
* Includes the District of Columbia. 



268455° — 53- 



Table 6.— URBAN CRIME RATES, JANUARY-JUNE 1953, BY 
GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND POPULATION GROUPS 

[Offenses known per 100,000 inhabitants. Population based on 1950 decennial census] 



Division and group 



TOTAL 

New England 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

Middle Atlantic 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

East North Central. 

Group I-- 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

West North Central 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

South Atlantic * 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

East South Central- 
Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

West South Central 

Group I 

Group II -. 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

Mountain 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 

Pacific - 

Group I 

Group II 

Group III 

Group IV 

Group V 

Group VI 



Murder, 

non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary, 
breaking 

or 
entering 


Larceny, 
theft 


Auto 
theft 


2.35 


30.1 


40.4 


200.5 


1 477. 6 


96.1 


.72 


7.4 


6.9 


127.2 


294.0 


58.9 


1.25 


17.2 


12.2 


71.6 


263.5 


126.3 


.54 


9.3 


13.0 


173.9 


360.1 


76.6 


1.32 


6.1 


4.1 


135. 9 


309.2 


49.9 


.50 


5.5 


2.9 


119.4 


277.6 


35.2 


.29 


2.5 


1.8 


109.3 


233.8 


27.2 


.30 


.9 


4.2 


79.5 


225.6 


22.9 


1.50 


30.7 


31.5 


190.9 


2 332. 5 


70.8 


2.12 


47.0 


46.1 


247.6 


3 390. 1 


89.3 


.50 


13.1 


12.9 


143.7 


295. 


62.4 


.93 


9.8 


16.3 


134.8 


267.8 


54.4 


.78 


6.2 


9.1 


124.1 


303.7 


41.9 


.32 


5.1 


8.5 


85.7 


255.8 


38.3 


.67 


3.8 


6.2 


71.2 


203.3 


28.0 


1.96 


33.7 


35.6 


150.2 


435.5 


85.1 


2.99 


56.1 


56.7 


170.9 


441.1 


111.3 


2.01 


29.1 


33.8 


192.1 


549.7 


91.8 


1.12 


16.7 


27.9 


134.1 


463.8 


77.5 


.83 


10.1 


11.3 


133.9 


468.3 


62.8 


.70 


7.6 


8.5 


115.2 


431.9 


44.3 


.75 


6.4 


5.5 


94.5 


251.0 


36.0 


1.61 


24.9 


27.6 


167.2 


455.8 


78.2 


3.00 


48.3 


57.8 


226.4 


505.4 


124.8 


2.07 


24.1 


26.7 


200.8 


601.2 


85.1 


.45 


11.9 


12.2 


146.2 


551.9 


61.0 


.32 


6.8 


2.4 


126.2 


422.1 


46.7 


.74 


6.5 


4.1 


126.6 


405.5 


39.9 


.35 


6.1 


3.3 


75.3 


229.7 


27.1 


5.10 


29.7 


111.4 


257.8 


562.7 


132.4 


4.58 


48.0 


155.1 


289.3 


596.1 


196.3 


5.93 


41.9 


97.8 


331.4 


663.5 


173.7 


5.29 


18.8 


107.8 


230.2 


559.2 


96.1 


5.49 


13.4 


87.1 


231. 7 


635.1 


89.5 


4.91 


9.1 


85.8 


205.6 


434.5 


63.2 


4.24 


14.1 


79.2 


146.0 


309.2 


53.4 


6.05 


26.3 


62.6 


228.1 


359.1 


101. 


6.05 


40.2 


77.8 


282.8 


412.2 


144.3 


7.51 


24.5 


47.3 


243.5 


385.8 


110.1 


4.38 


24.8 


90.2 


209.9 


405.5 


83.2 


6.68 


12.6 


79.9 


180.7 


362.9 


68.1 


4.59 


15.7 


36.5 


188.0 


266.1 


44.0 


5.23 


9.0 


22.0 


107.6 


152. 1 


44.8 


5.26 


22.2 


41.3 


259.8 


603.4 


134.4 


7.82 


33.6 


44.6 


351.5 


684.2 


211. 3 


4.86 


27.1 


42.2 


277.0 


732. 1 


127.2 


3.61 


14.4 


64.8 


251.5 


708.1 


145.4 


6.04 


9.9 


37.3 


197. 3 


558.4 


84.8 


2.28 


5.9 


28.2 


145.4 


404.2 


45.7 


2.69 


13.3 


24.6 


116.6 


239.9 


30.0 


2.00 


28.8 


18.6 


273.9 


807.7 


123.4 


3. 13 


53.2 


29.3 


383.6 


740.3 


133.0 


2.08 


37.4 


17.7 


371.0 


1,118.6 


207.3 


2.76 


36.3 


21.1 


318.0 


828.5 


169.6 


2.29 


25.8 


18.6 


263.2 


1, 072. 4 


157.5 


.87 


7.2 


9.3 


172.7 


670.1 


64.9 


1.25 


16.9 


15.2 


180.6 


575.3 


60.5 


1.53 


47.7 


39.8 


294.2 


842.1 


156.9 


1.76 


64.6 


62.0 


324.5 


786. 2 


194.0 


1.66 


44.2 


11.2 


224.7 


831.3 


109.9 


.81 


38.0 


19.0 


294.3 


964.1 


118.0 


1.81 


28.4 


19.2 


304.1 


982.9 


143.1 


1.01 


23.4 


13.1 


251.4 


937.1 


110.5 


1.22 


13.5 


12.3 


219.3 


752.8 


92.4 



1 The rate for larceny is based on the reports of 2,453 cities with a population of 76,538,350. 

2 The rate for larceny is based on the reports of 521 cities with a total population of 18,801,906. 
' The rate for larceny is based on the reports of 6 cities with a total population of 10,219,176. 

* Includes the District of Columbia. 



Table 7— NUMBER OF CITIES IN EACH POPULATION GROUP, GEO- 
GRAPHIC DIVISION, AND STATE REPRESENTED IN THE URBAN 
CRIME RATE TABULATIONS FOR JANUARY-JUNE 1953 (TABLES 

4-6) 





Total 


Population group 


Division and State 


Over 
250,000 


100,000 

to 
250,000 


50,000 

to 
100,000 


25,000 

to 
50,000 


10,000 

to 
25,000 


Less 
than 
10,000 


TOTAL: 

Population, 78,609,955 _-. 


2,454 
172 


40 


66 


121 


240 


653 


1,334 


New England: 

Population 6 230 070 


1 


11 


17 


32 


63 


48 








25 
16 
89 
15 
14 
13 

522 




4 


2 
1 

11 
1 
2 


10 
2 

14 
2 
3 
1 

44 


3 
7 
43 
4 
5 
1 

137 


6 






6 




1 


6 


14 




8 






1 


3 




11 


Middle Atlantic: 

Population 20 873,511 --- 


7 


12 


23 


299 








138 
165 
219 

597 


2 
3 
2 

9 


4 
4 
4 

10 


7 
6 
10 

29 


14 
16 
14 

63 


40 
42 
55 

144 


71 




94 




134 


East North Central: 

Population 18 638,366 


342 








156 
78 
117 
166 
80 

274 


1 
1 
1 
5 
1 

5 


1 
4 
2 
3 


8 
4 
7 
6 
4 

9 


14 
9 
9 
19 
12 

19 


38 
18 
33 
41 
14 

73 


94 




42 




65 


Ohio 


92 




49 


West North Central : 

Population 6 201082 _ - 


4 


164 








64 
51 
66 
42 
25 
11 
15 

247 




1 
2 

1 


4 

1 


7 
2 
3 
4 


10 
20 
15 
15 
6 
3 
4 

58 


42 




26 




2 

2 

1 


45 




2 
1 


19 







17 






2 
1 

27 


6 








1 
18 


9 


South Atlantic: 

Population, 7,621,911 


3 


. 9 


132 








5 
1 
49 
34 
17 
58 
26 
38 
19 

98 




1 








4 


District of Columbia 


1 










Florida - --- 


3 
1 


2 
3 


7 
4 
2 
5 
1 
5 
3 

12 


10 
8 
6 

16 
6 
9 
3 

24 


27 




1 
1 


17 




g 




1 


5 
2 
3 
3 

4 


31 






17 






3 


18 




10 


East South Central : 

Population 3,042,748 . 


3 


5 


50 






Alabama - 


29 
30 
14 
25 

163 


1 
1 


2 


1 
2 

1 


3 
3 
3 
3 

10 


8 
6 
5 
5 

51 


14 




18 






5 




1 

4 


3 

8 


13 


West South Central: 

Population, 5,268,420 


8 


82 








24 
21 

34 

84 

129 




1 
2 
2 
3 

2 




2 
2 
2 
4 

10 


5 

6 

14 

26 

22 


16 




1 




10 






16 


Texas 


3 

1 


8 
3 


40 


Mountain: 

Population, 2,095,646 --- 


91 








16 
30 
19 
14 
4 
13 
19 
14 

252 




1 




1 
1 
2 
3 
1 




14 


Colorado . 


1 


1 


7 
6 
3 
_. 

1 
4 

81 


20 


Idaho - -- 




11 










8 


Nevada 








3 


New Mexico -- 






1 
1 


11 


Utah 




1 


1 
1 

23 


15 


Wyoming 




9 


Pacific : 

Population, 8,638,201-... .._ 


7 


5 


10 


• 126 






California 


182 
31 
39 


5 

1 
1 


3 


10 


16 
2 

5 


63 
8 
10 


85 


Oregon -. 


20 


Washington _. 


2 




21 









10 



Rural Crime Rates, January-June 1953 

The number of offenses reported by the law enforcement officers in 
the rural areas and the rate per 100,000 population are based on the 
reports of 1,546 sheriffs, 132 rural village officers and 10 State police 
with a combined rural population of 39,692,574. 

Offenses against the person in urban areas were 71.3 percent greater 
than in the rural areas, although the murder rates were very similar, 
2.34 for the rural areas, and 2.35 for the urban areas. 

For offenses against property, the individual rates show more varia- 
tion. The rural rate for these offenses is 275.2; the urban rate 804.3, 
or almost three times greater. 

In comparing the rural areas with the urban areas, it should be 
noted that the reporting in the rural areas is probably not quite as 
complete as that from the urban areas, and in some instances reports 
used in preparing the rural data may be taken from arrest records. 
The reports were carefully analyzed for this before tabulations were 
prepared and all that were recognized as such were eliminated. 

Table 8.— RURAL CRIME RATES, JANUARY-JUNE 1953 

[Offenses known and rate per 100,000 inhabitants, as reported by 1,M6 sheriffs, 132 rural village officers, and 
10 State police; total rural population 39,692,574, based on 1950 decermial census] 



Offenses known 



Offense 



Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 

Manslaughter by negligence. 

Rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering., 

Larcency — theft 

Auto theft... 




OFFENSES IN INDIVIDUAL AREAS 

Offenses in Individual Cities With More Than 25,000 Inhabitants 

The number of offenses reported as having been committed during 
the period of January-June, 1953, is shown in table 9. The com- 
pilation includes the reports received from police departments in 
cities with more than 25,000 inhabitants. Police administrators and 
other interested individuals will probably find it desirable to compare 
the crime rates of their cities with the average rates shown in tables 
4, 5, and 6 of this publication. Similarly, they will doubtless desire 
to make comparisons with the figures for their communities for prior 
periods, in order to determine whether there has been an increase or 
a decrease in the amount of crime committed. 

Caution should be exercised in comparing crime data for individual 
cities because the differences in the figures may be due to a variety of 
factors. Such comparisons are not necessarily significant even though 
the figures for individual communities are converted into terms of the 
number of offenses per 100,000 inhabitants. 

The following is a list of some of the factors which affect the amount 
of crime in the community: 

Population of the city and metropolitan area adjacent thereto. 

The composition of the population with reference particularly to 
age, sex, and race. 

The economic status and activities of the population. 

Climate. 

Educational, recreational, and religious facilities. 

The number of police employees per unit of population. 

The standards governing appointments to the police force. 

The policies of the prosecuting officials and the courts. 

The attitude of the public toward law-enforcement problems. 

The degree of efficiency of the local law-enforcement agency. 

The figures presented in the following tabulation are those reported 
by the individual police departments in the cities represented without 
reducing the data to crime rates (number of offenses per 100,000 
inhabitants). 

In considering the volume of crime committed locally, it is generally 
more important to determine whether the figures for a given com- 
munity show increases or decreases rather than to ascertain whether 
they exceed or fall short of those for some other individual community, 
and it should be remembered that the amount of crime committed in a 
community is not solely chargeable to the police but is rather a charge 
against the entire community. 

In publishing these figures the F. B. I. acts as a service agency. The 
figures published are those submitted by the contributing agencies. 

(11) 



12 



Table 9.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, JANU- 
ARY-JUNE 1953, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION 



City 



Abilene, Tex 

Abington, Pa.. 

Akron, Ohio 

Alameda, Calif- 
Albany, Qa 



Albany, N.Y 

Albuquerque, N. Mex. 

Alexandria, La 

Alexandria, Va 

Alhambra, Calif 



Aliquippa, Pa. 
Allentown, Pa. 
Alliance, Ohio. 

Alton, 111 

Altoona, Pa 



Amarillo, Tex 

Amsterdam, N. Y. 

Anderson, Ind 

Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Anniston, Ala 



Appleton, Wis... 
Arlington, Mass. 

Arlington, Va 

Asheville, N. C. 
Ashland, Ky 



Athens, Ga 

Atlanta, Ga 

Atlantic City, N. J. 

Auburn, N. Y 

Augusta, Ga 



Aurora, 111 

Austin, Tex 

Bakersfield, Calif. 

Baltimore, Md 

Bangor, Maine 



Barberton, Ohio 

Baton Rouge, La 

Battle Creek, Mich. 

Bay City, Mich 

Bayonne, N. J 



Beaumont, Tex 

Belleville, 111 

Belleville, N.J 

Bellingham, Wash. 
Belmont, Mass 



Beloit, Wis 

Belvedere, Calif. 
Berkeley, Calif... 

Berwyn, 111 

Bessemer, Ala 



Bethlehem, Pa 

Beverly, Mass 

Beverly Hills, Calif. 

Billings, Mont 

Biloxi, Miss 



Binghamton, N. Y. 
Birmingham, Ala.. 
Bloomfield, N. J... 
Bloomington, 111... 
Bloomington, Ind.. 



Boise, Idaho 

Boston, Mass 

Bremerton, Wash. 
Bridgeport, Conn. 
Bristol, Conn 



Mur- 
der, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



Rob- 
bery 



2 
1 
105 
12 
2 

11 
24 

23 
13 

1 

10 
2 
3 

5 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



122 
17 



24 

12 

432 



79 



138 
3 



140 
3 
35 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
entering 



54 
505 
45 
65 



Larceny-theft 



Over 
$50 



49 
25 
209 
18 
41 



15 133 51 

21 235 56 

Onlv 4 months received 

98 

1 

11 



No reports received 



Only 5 months received 



154 
8 

760 
1 

3 
33 
14 



32 



339 

184 

2,604 

26 

17 
169 
72 
53 
97 

224 
21 
41 
40 
18 

36 
203 
229 

48 
52 



41 
20 
No reports received 
4 I 98 I 155 

Only 4 months received 



Under 
$50 



325 

36 

1,200 

257 
81 

194 
421 



183 


102 


525 


137 


81 


243 


16 


11 


55 


87 


87 


290 


43 


7 


99 


48 


11 


119 


69 


22 


142 


154 


93 


465 


18 


6 


29 


64 


34 


208 


50 


58 


120 


63 


29 


217 


29 


17 


224 


27 


13 


45 


196 


205 


426 


93 


96 


221 



44 


32 


9 


42 


462 


1,113 


801 


1,956 


50 


273 


162 


201 


1 


11 


22 


63 


137 


79 


41 


100 



66 


1,101 


147 


467 


1,969 


3,453 


16 


113 


20 


83 


97 


293 


72 


315 


26 


205 


42 


159 


74 


593 


22 


72 


11 


70 


37 


76 


15 


53 


21 


155 


56 


232 


87 


608 


21 


57 


19 


41 


33 


117 


31 


63 


ived 





354 I 



96 


39 


235 


,140 


470 


847 


42 


18 


65 


37 


41 


118 


34 


34 


133 


63 


61 


323 


574 


836 


1,276 


37 


59 


302 


411 


192 


683 


30 


14 


47 



13 

Table 9.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, JANU- 
ARY-JUNE 1953, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Con. 



City 



Brockton, Mass.. 
Brookline, Mass. . 
Brownsville, Tex. 
Buffalo, N. Y.... 
Burbank, Calif... 



Burlington, Iowa- 
Burlington, Vt 

Butte, Mont 

Cambridge, Mass. 
Camden, N. J 



Canton, Ohio 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa- 
Champaign, 111 

Charleston, S. C 

Charleston, W. Va-. 



Charlotte, N. C 

Charlottesville, Va.. 
Chattanooga, Teim- 

Chelsea, Mass 

Chester, Pa 



Cheyenne, Wyo-- 

Chicago, 111 

Chicopee, Mass.- 

Cicero, 111 

Cincinnati, Ohio- 



Clarksburg, W. Va 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Cleveland Heights, Ohio- 

Clifton, N.J 

Clinton, Iowa 



Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Columbia, Mo 

Columbia, S. C 

Columbus, Ga 

Columbus, Ohio 



Compton, Calif 

Concord, N. H. 

Corpus Christi, Tex.. 
Council Bluffs, Iowa- 
Covington, Ky 



Cranston, R. I 

Cumberland, Md 

Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio- 

Dallas, Tex 

Danville, 111 



Danville, Va 

Davenport, Iowa 

Dayton, Ohio 

Daytona Beach, Fla- 
Dearborn, Mich 



Decatur, 111 

Denver, Colo 

Des Moines, Iowa. 

Detroit, Mich 

Dubuque, lowa... 



Duiuth, Minn 

Durham, N. C 

East Chicago, Ind 

East Cleveland, Ohio- 
East Hartford, Conn.. 



Mur- 
der, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



128 



Rob- 
bery 



1 
21 

14 
44 

24 
2 
5 

24 
30 

14 
1 

36 
4 

14 

3 

2,877 

23 
121 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



346 
7 
3 



5 
17 
108 



5 

204 

3 



4 

12 

103 

11 



1 

2 

82 

44 

216 

13 

70 

1 

15 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
entering 



100 

76 
87 
482 
173 

16 
57 
76 
115 

277 

168 
63 
56 
258 
146 

246 
16 

300 
27 



Larceny-theft 



Over 



56 
22 
28 
223 
189 

6 

42 
66 
110 
142 

99 
56 
34 
175 



(') 



(') 



4 46 42 

2, 051 6, 264 4, 972 

No reports received 

27 

153 



No reports received 
64 
33 
215 



7 

1 

127 

1 

37 

1 
3 



422 
1 



57 

6 

128 



Only 5 months received 



Under 
$50 



185 
83 
255 
696 
615 

104 
160 
205 
138 
245 

431 
315 
84 
602 
492 

596 
73 

378 
35 
46 

305 
5,223 



106 


65 


121 


633 


564 


1,291 


38 


13 


32 


1,020 


518 


4,933 


27 


11 


92 


53 


44 


101 


21 


18 


122 


113 


76 


252 



181 


184 


594 


144 


110 


282 


861 


704 


1,524 


313 


31 


456 


24 


17 


69 


412 


179 


799 


52 


36 


213 


116 


61 


197 


54 


52 


102 


42 


21 


71 


27 


15 


67 


2,410 


505 


5,079 


74 


27 


52 


116 


64 


169 


143 


102 


432 


365 


167 


879 



12 


11 


168 


124 


815 


6 


1 


108 


46 


227 


221 


122 


1,595 


783 


2, 295 


27 


20 


412 


241 


717 


1,104 


1,876 


3,899 


1,431 


9,567 


1 




43 


14 


111 


11 


4 


92 


101 


366 


8 


220 


134 


87 


228 


12 


8 


93 


105 


206 


3 


3 


62 


15 


118 


1 




71 


34 


82 



See footnotes at end of table. 



14 



Table 9.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, JANU- 
ARY-JUNE 1953, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Con. 



City 



East Orange, N. J 

East Providence, R. I 

East St. Louis, 111 

Easton, Pa 

Eau Claire, Wis 



El Paso, Tex._.. 
Elgin, Illinois... 
Elizabeth, N. J. 
Elkhart, Ind... 
Elmira, N. Y 



Elyria, Ohio.. 
Enid, Okla-... 

Erie, Pa 

Euclid, Ohio.. 
Eugene, Oreg. 



Evanston, 111 

Evansville, Ind... 

Everett, Mass 

Everett, Wash 

Fairmont, W. Va. 



Fall River, Mass... 

Fargo, N. Dak 

Fayetteville, N. C. 

Ferndale, Mich 

Fitchburg, Mass... 



Flint, Mich 

Fond du Lac, Wis 

Fort Dodge, Iowa 

Fort Lauderdale, Fla. 
Fort Smith, Ark.. 



Fort Wayne, Ind... 

Fort Worth, Tex 

Framingham, Mass. 

Fresno, Calif 

Gadsden, Ala __ 



Gainesville, Fla. 
Galesburg, Dl... 
Galveston, Tex.. 
Garfleld, N. J... 
Gary, Ind 



Glendale, Calif 

Gloucester, Mass 

Grand Forks, N. Dak. 
Grand Rapids, Mich.. 
Granite City, 111 



Great Falls, Mont. 

Green Bay, Wis 

Greensboro, N. C.. 
Greenville, Miss... 
Greenville, S. C... 



Greenwich, Conn. 
Hackcnsack, N. J. 
Hagcrstown, Md.. 
Hamilton, N. J... 
Hamilton, Ohio... 



Hammond, Ind 

Hampton, Va 

Hamtramck, Mich. 

Harrisburg, Pa 

Hartford, Conn 



Hattiesburg, Miss. 

Haverford, Pa 

Haverhill, Mass.... 

Hazleton, Pa 

Hempstead, N. Y.. 



Mur- 
der, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



Rob- 
bery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



185 
1 
2 

34 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
entering 



184 
32 

154 
36 
25 

344 
23 

179 
49 
95 

49 
38 
129 
26 
53 

84 

373 

47 

93 



Larceny-theft 



Over 

$50 



81 
29 
55 
18 
14 

212 
15 

121 
38 
49 

31 
12 

()4 
4 
79 

95 

208 

27 

66 



Only 3 months received 



124 



No reports received 



No reports received 
1 13 I 16 

138 472 259 

4 243 ! 145 

Only 4 months received 



7 
1 

7 

1 

182 

Only 2 months received 

16 



Under 
$50 



177 
119 
168 
76 
72 

795 
73 

310 
56 

157 

63 
118 
329 
110 
225 

227 

698 

71 

294 



119 


95 


255 


38 


19 


149 


56 


39 


293 


72 


33 


102 


73 


37 


168 


315 


331 


870 


12 


14 


165 



11 
6 


4 

38 


169 
94 


133 

45 


272 
170 


15 

105 

1 

48 
8 


15 
61 


140 

1,050 

14 

430 

56 


122 
239 

17 
194 

15 


420 

2.060 

34 

565 

87 


25 
35 




21 
3 


59 
50 


34 

8 


125 
50 


i 



49 
654 



663 



25 


13 


159 


275 


115 


873 


60 


6 


96 


26 


47 


90 


45 


33 


77 


177 


136 


240 



238 


130 


281 


27 


14 


39 


48 


31 


71 


75 


34 


191 


68 


52 


140 


99 


70 


169 


133 


210 


397 


141 


122 


254 


67 


.59 


115 


233 


122 


213 


379 


272 


580 


48 


12 


31 


46 


23 


61 


43 


15 


60 


18 


3 


23 


68 


56 


61 



15 



Table 9.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, JANU- 
ARY-JUNE 1953, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Con. 



City 



High Point, N. C 

Highland Park, Mich. 

Hoboken, N. J 

Holyoke, Mass 

Honolulu City, T. H.. 



Hot Springs, Ark 

Houston, Tex 

Himtington, W. Va 

Huntington Park, Calif. 
Hutchinson, Kans 



Independence, Mo. 
Indianapolis, Ind.. 
Inglewood, Calif... 

Iowa City, Iowa 

Irondequoit, N. Y. 



Irvington, N. J. 
Ithaca, N. Y._.. 
Jackson, Mich.. 
Jackson, Miss... 
Jackson, Tenn.. 



Jacksonville, Fla 

Jamestown, N. Y... 
Jefferson City, Mo__. 

Jersey City, N. J 

Johnson City, Tenn. 



Johnstown, Pa 

^oliet, HI 

/oplin, Mo 

'alamazoo, Mich. 
-,ankakee, 111 



Kannapolis, N. C 
Kansas City, Kans. 
Kansas City, Mo... 

Kearny, N. J 

Kenosha, Wis 



Key West, Fla._. 
Kingston, N. Y__ 
Knoxville, Tenn. 

Kokomo, Ind 

La Crosse, Wis... 



La Grange, Ga 

Lackawanna, N. Y_ 

LaPayette, Ind 

Lafayette, La 

Lake Charles, La... 



Lakeland, Fla 

Lakewood, Ohio. 

Lancaster, Pa 

Lansing, Mich... 
Laredo, Tex 



Laurel, Miss 

Lawrence, Mass.. 

Lawton, Okla 

Lebanon, Pa 

Lewiston, Maine. 



Lexington, Ky 

Lima, Ohio 

Lincoln, Nebr 

Lincoln Park, Mich. 
Linden, N. J 



Little Kock, Ark 

Lockport, N. Y 

Long Beach, Calif.. 

Lorain, Ohio 

Los Angeles, Calif 

See footnote at end of table. 
268455°— 53 3 



Mur- 
der, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



Rob- 
bery 



5 
133 
6 
16 
4 

3 

169 

21 

1 

2 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



147 

5 

1,366 



47 
12 
20 
3 
31 

33 

113 

61 

4 

4 



160 
11 



50 

37 

247 

1 

2 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
entering 



56 
620 



53 
2,406 



149 
64 



215 
16 
25 

152 
33 
61 

159 



729 
66 
14 

381 

82 

55 
43 
135 
91 
20 

25 

255 

941 

40 

50 



Larceny-theft 



Over 
$50 



40 
34 
106 



35 
821 
147 

12 



52 
49 
76 
50 
18 

596 
27 
13 

119 
21 

45 
34 

75 



19 
115 
738 
34 
54 



No reports received 
II 53 I 19 

51 I 243 I 134 

No reports received 



Under 
$50 



No reports received 



No reports received 



No reports received 



107 

300 

66 

104 

1,484 

25 
2,416 
208 
255 
173 

116 
1,593 

298 
52 
51 

148 
106 
245 
278 
107 

1,271 

68 

48 

272 

64 

130 
42 
106 
457 
38 

84 

568 

1.523 

67 

99 



61 
242 



Auto 
theft 



23 


13 


354 


44 


9 


71 


52 


16 


40 


53 


57 


198 



8 


51 


39 


63 


25 


119 


66 


94 


2 


51 


16 


166 


19 


50 


24 


210 


6 


86 


56 


396 


24 


75 


36 


134 


1 


58 


5 


46 


2 


54 


25 


189 


12 


120 


28 


180 



2 


1 


29 


15 


129 


39 


145 


244 


128 


295 


10 


38 


128 


40 


267 


4 


9 


95 


77 


504 



2 


55 


36 


101 


5 


386 


265 


631 


3 


26 


9 


35 


77 


951 


(') 


1,717 


9 


77 


54 


91 


2,055 


6,378 


6,742 


10,281 



16 

Table 9.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, JANU- 
ARY-JUNE 1953, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Con. 



City 



Louisville, Ky 

Lowell, Mass 

Lower Merion, Pa. 

Lubbock, Tex 

Lynchburg, Va 



Lynn, Mass 

Lynwood, Calif. 

Macon, Ga 

Madison, Wis... 
Maiden, Mass. . 



Manchester, N. H. 
Manitowoc, Wis. . 
Mansfield, Ohio... 
Maple wood, N. J.. 
Marion, Ind 



Marion, Ohio 

Mason City, Iowa. 

Massillon, Ohio 

May wood. 111. 

McKeesport, Pa... 



Medford, Mass.. 
Melrose, Mass. . 
Memphis, Tenn. 
Meriden, Conn.. 
Meridian, Miss.. 



Miami, Fla 

Miami Beach, Fla.. 
Michigan City, Ind. 
Middletown, Conn.. 
Middletown, Ohio. . 



Milwaukee, Wis 

Mirineapolis, Minn. 

Mishawaka, Ind 

Mobile, Ala 

Moline, 111 



Monroe, La 

Montelair, N. J 

Montgomery, Ala 

Morgantown, W. Va.. 
Mount Lebanon, Pa.. 

Mount Vernon, N. Y. 

Muncie, Ind 

Muskegon, Mich 

Muskogee, Okla 

Nashua, N. H_ 



Nashville, Tenn . 

New Albany, Ind 

New Bedford, Mass... 
New Britain, Conn . . . 
New Brunswick, N. J. 



New Castle, Pa 

New Haven, Conn... 
New Kensington, Pa. 
New London, Conn.. 
New Orleans, La 



New Rochelle, N. Y. 

New York, N. Y 

Newark, N. J 

Newark, Ohio 

Newburgh, N. Y 



Newport, Ky 

Newport, R. 1. 

Newport News, Va. 

Newton, Mass 

Niagara Falls, N. Y. 



Mur- 
der, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



Rob- 
bery 



144 
15 



243 

8 
10 
19 

7 

16 
19 
21 
6 
1 



117 
3 



190 
13 
3 
1 
6 

62 
162 



59 
2 
9 
4 
5 

10 
13 
1 
2 
189 

2 

4,162 

245 

1 

4 

4 
3 
5 
2 
11 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



330 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
entering 



1,267 

108 

131 

452 

74 

261 
97 
291 
115 
32 

49 
38 
96 
22 
28 

67 
14 
27 
31 



62 

21 

679 

60 



Larceny-theft 



Over 

$50 



944 
46 
59 

164 
19 

104 
67 

124 
68 
24 

23 
11 
47 
5 
15 

39 
1-9 
4 
11 
60 

28 

5 

417 

12 



Under 
$50 



1,208 
139 
165 
654 
163 

361 
144 
330 
357 
95 

134 
129 
173 
15 
148 

134 

85 
148 

55 
134 

134 
40 

612 
61 



Only 4 months received 

182 
8 
11 



129 
32 
4 
95 



7 
1 

19 
Only 5 months received 



23 

3 

2 

243 

7 

4,321 

375 



1,250 


592 


1,077 


264 


48:3 


434 


49 


60 


212 


19 


16 


53 


73 


39 


181 


364 


787 


1,996 


1, 036 


656 


1,849 


37 


24 


98 


443 


105 


392 


53 


39 


125 


81 


26 


152 


28 


40 


90 


244 


111 


345 


15 


16 


26 


9 


8 


22 


60 


61 


73 


125 


79 


332 


114 


77 


196 



37 


20 


74 


391 


281 


580 


21 


35 


116 


141 


104 


454 


87 


49 


124 


66 


21 


166 


31 


39 


78 


294 


132 


394 


22 


20 


27 


55 


33 


88 


741 


610 


1,263 


51 


61 


68 


21,481 


1 '.1,608 


14,536 


1,602 


649 


1,463 


55 


46 


178 


28 


42 


100 


43 


42 


73 


54 


25 


150 


137 


152 


390 


132 


83 


263 


95 


80 


127 



17 



Table 9.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, JANU- 
ARY-JUNE 1953, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Con. 



City 



Norfolk, Va 

Norman, Okla 

Norristown, Pa 

North Bergen, N. J 

North Little Rock, Ark- 



Northampton, Mass- 

Norwalk, Conn 

Norwich, Conn 

Norwood, Ohio 

Nutley, N.J 



Oak Park, 111 

Oak Ridge, Tenn_ 
Oakland, Calif. _.. 

Odessa, Tex 

Ogden, Utah 



Oklahoma City, Okla_ 

Omaha, Nebr 

Orange, N J 

Orlando, Fla 

Oshkosh, Wis 



Ottumwa, Iowa 

Owensboro, Ky 

Paducah, Ky 

Palo Alto, Calif.... 
Panama City, Fla. 



Parkersburg, W. Va. 

Parma, Ohio 

Pasadena, Calif 

Passaic, N. J 

Paterson, N. J 



Pawtucket, R. I 

Pensacola, Fla 

Peoria, 111 

Perth Amboy, N. J. 
Petersburg, Va 



Philadelphia, Pa. 

Phoenix, Ariz 

Pine Bluff, Ark.. 
Pittsburgh, Pa._. 
Pittsfield, Mass.. 



Plainfield, N.J... 
Pocatello, Idaho.. 

Pomona, Calif 

Pontiac, Mich 

Port Arthur, Tex. 



Port Huron, Mich. 
Portland, Maine... 

Portland, Oreg 

Portsmouth, Ohio. 
Portsmouth, Va 



Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

Providence, R. I 

Provo, Utah 

Pueblo, Colo 

Quincy, 111. 



Quincy, Mass 

Racine, Wis 

Raleigh, N. C 

Rapid City, S. Dak. 
Reading, Pa 



Redondo Beach, Calif 

Redwood City, Calif 

Reno, Nev 

Revere, Mass 

Richmond, CaUf. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Mur- 
der, 
noniieg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



Rob- 
bery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
entering 



Larceny-theft 



Over 

$50 



304 
5 
14 

82 
40 

10 
1 



43 
4 
19 

997 

85 

8 

229 



1 

4 

112 

22 

19 

1 
25 



Only 5 months received 



Only 2 months received 
131 



Only 5 months received 



034 
41 
14 

123 
1 



10 
5 

47 
10 

9 
4 

88 

7 

167 

17 
35 



11 
1 

5 

3 

110 



29 
69 

4, 938 
666 
125 

1,149 
69 

66 
52 
138 
152 
25 

36 

118 

1,134 

106 



75 
626 

49 
314 
116 

117 
79 

148 
49 
90 



168 
79 
256 



(2) 



Under 
$50 



172 575 936 696 1,127 

Only 1 month received 
2 I 4 I 33 1 23 I 44 

No reports received 
No reports received 



4 


21 


37 


61 


32 


82 


21 


15 


40 


47 


7 


45 





54 
10 


40 

7 


100 
46 


23 


144 


1,364 


227 


3, 302 


8 


61 


67 


313 


14 


143 


117 


578 


62 


911 


598 


1,449 


10 


364 


103 


848 



243 


183 


313 


34 


20 


317 


24 


2 


98 


67 


45 


229 


109 


67 


100 


46 


83 


227 


25 


38 


55 


41 


65 


68 


40 


17 


61 


272 


205 


729 


71 


35 


51 


290 


31 


333 



00 


321 


100 


534 


.34 


95 


60 


241 


294 


1,442 


64 


82 


577 


491 


22 


54 


51 


204 


53 


264 


79 


288 


04 


285 


15 


125 


20 


191 


f)3 


292 


797 


1,986 


72 


221 


160 


403 


36 


136 


288 


792 


20 


267 


168 


463 


47 


126 


45 


187 


41 


300 


75 


318 


26 


105 


65 


296 


18 


137 


.53 


203 


145 


258 


39 


96 


101 


1,132 



18 



Table 9.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, JANU- 
ARY-JUNE 1953, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Con. 



City 



Richmond, Ind . 
Richmond, Va,.. 
Riverside, Calif.. 

Roanoke, Va 

Rochester, Minn. 



Rochester, N. Y 

Rock Island, 111 

Rockford, 111 

Rocky Mount, N. C 
Rome, Qa 



Rome, N. Y 

Roswell, N. Mex.. 
Royal Oak, Mich. 
Sacramento, Calif. 
Saginaw, Mich 



St. Cloud, Minn.... 

St. .loseph. Mo 

St. Louis, Mo 

St. Paul, Minn 

St. Petersburg, Fla. 



Salem, Mass 

Salem, Oreg 

Salina, Kans 

Salt Lake City, Utah. 
San Angelo, Tex 



San Antonio, Tex 

San Bernardino, Calif 

San Diego, Calif 

San Francisco. Calif... 
San Jose, Calif... 



San Leandro, Calif... 

San Mateo, Calif 

Sandusky, Ohio 

Santa Ana, Calif 

Santa Barbara. Calif 



Santa Fe, N. Mex... 
Santa Monica, Calif. 

Savannah, Qa 

Schenectady, N. Y.. 
Scranton, Pa 



Seattle, Wash 

Shaker Heights, Ohio 
Sharon, Pa 

Sheboygan, Wis 

Shreveport, La 



Sioux City. Iowa 

Sioux Falls, S. Dak. 

Somerville, Mass 

South Bend, Ind.... 
South Gate. Calif. . . 



Spartanburg, S. C. 
Sjjokane, Wash. .. 

Springfield, III 

Springfield, Mass. 
Springfield, Mo .. 



Springfield, Ohio... 

Stamford, Conn 

Steubenville, Ohio. 

Stockton, Calif 

Stratford, Conn 



Superior, Wis 

Syracuse, N. Y.. 
Taconia, Wash... 
Tallahassee, Fla. 
Tampa, Fla 



Mur- 
der, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



Rob- 
bery 



4 
124 
16 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



5 

120 

13 

22 



3 

629 

58 

12 

2 
3 
4 

23 
2 



Bur- 
glary- 
break - 
ing or 
entering 



53 
573 
104 
106 

33 

401 
63 

145 
44 

47 



Larceny-theft 



Over 

$50 



60 
482 
123 
105 

23 

239 
56 

77 
38 
25 



1 24 31 

Only 2 months received 

1 
36 
73 



Under 

$50 



12 

1,076 

22 



Only 3 months received 



Only 2 months received 

21 

235 

3 

12 



15 

3 

32 

120 



63 

1,241 

387 

363 

59 



178 



138 

58 



67 1 



97 


16 


216 


405 


508 


1,092 


108 


69 


545 


4 


15 


80 


123 


37 


307 


468 


870 


3,830 


620 


218 


1,483 


243 


177 


307 


90 


19 


93 


63 


32 


242 


62 


24 


195 


406 


268 


1,228 


111 


20 


149 



37 


22 


285 


181 


407 


113 


58 


713 


886 


1,611 


650 


341 


2,635 


912 


4,321 


23 


8 


243 


46 


919 


5 


2 


87 


55 


242 


4 


2 


48 


60 


311 


1 


12 


32 


28 


134 


8 


1 


88 


77 


305 


7 


10 


110 


60 


429 



278 


285 


652 


465 


250 


326 


65 


54 


117 


131 


40 


173 


1,610 


694 


2, 348 


11 


8 


108 


12 


11 


58 


35 


23 


87 


67 


157 


420 


90 


86 


425 


46 


46 


163 


180 


74 


193 


301 


173 


561 


169 


125 


237 


61 


46 


199 


280 


138 


1,043 


89 


60 


252 


125 


84 


285 


127 


68 


223 


97 


44 


285 


232 


156 


277 


70 


35 


93 


353 


311 


542 


82 


38 


75 


49 


15 


238 


393 


227 


617 


300 


250 


838 


80 


22 


127 


mi 


272 


621 



19 



Table 9.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, JANU- 
ARY-JUNE 1953, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Con. 



City 



Taunton, Mass,.. 

Teaneck, N.J 

Temple, Tex 

Terre Haute, Ind. 
Toledo, Ohio 



Topeka, Kans 

Torrington, Conn. 

Trenton, N.J 

Troy, N. Y 

Tucson, Ariz 



Tulsa, Okla 

Tuscaloosa, Ala... 

Tyler, Tex 

Union City, N. J. 
Union, N. J 



University City, Mo. 

Upper Darby, Pa 

Utica, N. Y 

Vallejo, Calif 

Valley Stream, N. Y. 



Vancouver, Wash. 
Vicksburg, Miss.. 
Waco, Tex 

Waltham, Mass... 
Warren, Ohio 



Warwick, R. I 

Washington, D. C. 

Washington, Pa 

Waterbury, Conn.. 
Waterloo, Iowa 



Watertown, Mass. 
Watertown, N. Y. 

Waukegan, 111 

Wausau, Wis 

Wauwatosa, Wis.. 



West Allis, Wis 

West Hartford, Conn.. 

West Haven, Conn 

West New York, N. J. 
West Orange, N.J 



West Palm Beach, Fla. 

Weymouth, Mass 

Wheeling, W. Va 

White Plains, N. Y 

Wichita, Kans 



Wichita Falls, Tex. 
Wilkes Barre, Pa... 
Wilkinsburg, Pa... 
Williamsport, Pa... 
Wilmington, Del.. . 



Wilmington, N. C 

Winona, Minn 

\rmston- Salem, N. C. 

Woodbridge, N. J 

Woonsocket, R. I 



Worcester, Mass. . 
Wyandotte, Mich. 

Yakima, Wash 

Yonkers, N. Y 

York, Pa 



Youngstown, Ohio. 
Zanesville, Ohio 



Mur- 
der, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



Rob- 
bery 



33 



4 

5 

109 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



17 

4 

146 



Bur- 
glary- 
break - 
ing or 
entering 



36 
63 
54 
101 

588 



Larceny-theft 



Over 
$50 



16 
16 
25 
73 
535 



37 207 82 

Only 5 months received 



Under 
$50 



Complete data not received 
3 
7 



493 
1 



2 
3 
105 
1 
4 



2,165 
"'""25' 



Complete data not received 



109 
3 

7 
2 
10 



128 
No reports received 



148 
30 
91 

273 
1,426 

393 



30 


40 


304 


140 


229 


7 


6 


68 


22 


56 


28 


13 


228 


94 


667 


62 


52 


565 


446 


930 


3 


83 


37 


26 


76 



89 


37 


94 


59 


27 


104 


105 


53 


92 


85 


38 


195 


121 


45 


271 


56 


41 


206 


27 


46 


89 


76 


48 


326 


47 


10 


37 


181 


79 


521 


81 


24 


127 


67 


52 


158 


92 


34 


40 


2,599 


876 


3,958 


19 


31 


65 


108 


60 


178 


88 


64 


327 


64 


22 


80 


49 


21 


127 


43 


48 


136 


15 


16 


97 


31 


14 


102 


17 


21 


144 


20 


28 


32 


18 


21 


28 



41 


21 


54 


166 


60 


208 


ports rece 


ived 




50 


32 


36 


122 


78 


140 


406 


242 


1,109 


172 


222 


581 


62 


24 


61 


33 


16 


100 


70 


34 


178 


280 


192 


577 


132 


65 


170 


15 


20 


117 ! 


185 


76 


246 



2 
21 




39 
395 


70 
147 


120 
481 


5 


2 
10 




72 
139 


37 
65 


137 
528 


2 


4 


8 


147 


70 


312 


4 


9 


62 


44 


270 


39 


9 


169 


220 


492 


2 


2 


45 


49 


223 



' Larcenies not separately reported. Figure listed includes both major and minor larcenies. 
2 Larceny figures not available. 



POLICE EMPLOYEE DATA 

Police Killed, 1952 

In 1952, 63 police in 3,671 cities lost their lives in performance of 
ofRcial duties. The reporting? cities have a combined population of 
86.6 million. In terms of population units of 5 million, the 1952 
rate of 3.64 is an improvement over the 1951 rate of 3.81. 

Table 10 summarizes available data on police killed in line of duty 
during 1952 and the data are arranged by size of cities and geographic 
location together with the death rates per 5 million inhabitants. 

Tarle 10.— number of POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES KILLED, 
1952, BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND POPULATION GROUPS 

[Includes only those employees killed while on active duty with their local police agencies] 





TOTAL 


Population group 


Geographic division 


Num- 
ber 


Rate per 
5,000,000 
inhabi- 
tants 


Over 
250,000 


100,000 

to 
250,000 


50,000 

to 
100,000 


25,000 

to 
50,000 


10,000 

to 
25,000 


Less 
than 
10,000 


Total number ___ ___ _ _ 


63 




19 
2.72 


6 
3.20 


5 
2.83 


9 
4.77 


10 
4.16 


14 


Rate per 5,000,000 inhabitants 


3.64 


5.81 


New England 


1 
6 
15 
2 

10 
11 
6 
2 
10 


.75 
1.35 
3.79 
1.45 

5.83 
14.46 
4.18 
4.10 
5.62 






1 
1 
1 








Middle Atlantic 


3 
5 
1 

1 
2 
3 

4" 


-. 


1 


1 
4 




East North Central 


4 


West North Central 


1 


South Atlantic. 


3 

1 


2 


1 
5 
1 


2 


1 


East South Central 


3 


West South Central 


2 


Mountain. 


1 




1 


Pacific 




1 


3 


2 











Number of Police Employees, April 30, 1953 

Reports on the number of employees as of April 30, 1953, were re- 
ceived from the police departments in 3,671 cities representing a 
combined urban population of 86,614,866, approximately 97 percent 
coverage. The figures as to the number per 1,000 inhabitants in 
cities grouped according to size and location are presented in table 1 1 , 
and the data include both police officers and civilian employees. 

There has been a definite tendency during recent years toward the 
employment of civilian personnel for clerical functions and other 
duties where a commissioned police officer is not required. For 
instance, since 1947 the number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants 
has increased from 1.75 to 1.78. Actually, for cities with population 
in excess of 50,000 the number of commissioned police officers per 
1,000 inhabitants has decreased while the number of civilian employees 

(20) 



21 



has shown definite increases. For cities under 50,000 in population, 
substantial increases were registered in the figures for both pohce 
officers and civihan employees. 

The extent of the use of civilian employees which incidentally often 
effects a budget savings is suggested in the following tabulation: 

PCTCCTlt 

Population group: civilian employees 

Total, all cities 8. 8 

Group I (over 250,000) 10. 

Group II (100,000-250,000) 11. 6 

Group III (50,000-100,000) 9. 4 

Group IV (25,000-50,000) 6. 9 

Group V (10,000-25,000) 4. 7 

Group VI (2,500-10,000) 5. 2 

T.^BLE 11.— POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 30, 1953, NUM- 
BER AND RATE PER 1,000 INHABITANTS, BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVI- 
SIONS AND POPULATION GROUPS 

[Population figures from 1950 decennial census] 





TOTAL 


Population group 


Division 


Group 

I 


Group 
II 


Group 
III 


Group 
IV 


Group 
V 


Group 
VI 




Over 
250,000 


100,000 

to 
250,000 


50,000 

to 
100,000 


25,000 

to 
50,000 


10,000 

to 
25,000 


Less 
than 
10,000 


TOTAL: 

Number of police employees 


154, 227 
1.78 


78, 037 
2.23 


15, 474 
1.65 


14, 086 
1.60 


14, 348 
1.62 


16, 707 
1.39 


15 575 


Average number of employees per 1,000 
inhabitants.. _ 


1 29 






New England: 

Number of police employees 


13, 443 

2.01 

46, 945 

2.11 

33, 592 

1.70 

9,626 

1.40 

15, 862 

1.85 

6,206 

1.37 

8,791 

1.23 

3,370 

1.38 

17, 404 

1.92 


3,052 
3.81 

30, 748 

2.50 

19,039 

2.14 

4,412 

1.84 

5,515 

2.53 

1,377 

1.26 

3,214 

1.40 

632 

1.52 

10,048 

2.21 


3,470 

2.09 
2,928 

1.84 
2,312 

1.55 
749 

1.29 
2,024 

1. .59 
996 

1.50 
1,491 

1.29 
462 

1.60 
1,042 

1.58 


1,972 

1.89 

3,156 

1.89 

3,069 

1.46 

853 

1.27 

2,327 

1.60 

418 

1.53 

678 

1.22 

237 

1.09 

1,376 

1.65 


2,500 

1.80 

3,008 

1.74 

3,046 

1.32 

741 

1.10 

1,734 

1.67 

623 

1.40 

764 

1.24 

604 

1.50 

1,328 

1.63 


1,859 

1.45 
3,850 

1.53 
2,963 

1.25 
1,308 

1.13 
1,922 

1.67 
705 

1.37 
1,345 

1.10 
579 

1.31 
2,176 

1.61 


590 


Average number of employees per 1,000 
inhabitants _._ 


1 14 


Middle Atlantic : 

Number of police employees - 


3 255 


Average number of employees per 1,000 
inhabitants 


1 34 


East North Central: 

Number of police employees.- 


3 l&J 


Average number of employees per 1,000 
inhabitants 


1 22 


West North Central : 




Average number of employees per 1,000 
inhabitants 


1 12 


South Atlantic : i 

Number of police employees 


2,330 
1 .58 


Average number of employees per 1,000 
Inhabitants 


East South Central : 

Number of police employees 


1,086 
1 34 


Average number of employees per 1,000 
inhabitants 


West South Central: 

Number of police employees 


1,299 
97 


Average number of employees per 1,000 
inhabitants ^. 


Mountain : 

Number of police employees 


856 


Average number of employees per 1,000 
inhabitants .... 


1 28 


Pacific: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 
inhabitants 


1,434 
1.72 



1 Includes the District of Columbia. 



22 




23 



Table 12.— NUMBER OF CITIES USED IN TABULATIONS REGARDING 
NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APRIL 30, 1953, 
AND POLICE KILLED, 1952 

[Population figures from 1050 decennial census] 



Division 



TOTAL: 

Population represented 

Number of cities 

New England: Total population, 
6,697,967 

Middle Atlantic: Total popula- 
tion, 22,228,268 

East North Central: Total popu- 
lation, 19,777,295 

West North Central: Total popu- 
lation, 6,876,634 

South Atlantic: Total population, 
8,571,654 

East South Central: Total popu- 
lation, 3,804,370 

West South Central: Total popu- 
lation, 7, 1 70,579 

Mountain: Total population, 
2,437,437 

Pacific: Total population, 
9,050,662 



TOTAI 



86,614,866 
3,671 



225 

721 
781 
409 
442 
221 
381 
184 
307 



Population group 



Group I 



Over 
250,000 



34,932,955 
41 



Group II 



100,000 

to 
250,000 



9,364,835 
65 



Group 
III 



50,000 to 
100,000 



8,819,944 
125 



Group 
IV 



25,000 to 
50,000 



9,430,637 
269 



Group V 



10,000 to 
25,000 



Group 
VI 



Less than 
10,000 



12,023,554 12,042,941 
784 2, 387 



81 
161 
160 

78 
74 
34 
77 
28 
91 



79 
468 
507 
292 
306 
161 
266 
138 
170 



Police Employees in Individual Cities 

The number of police officers and the number of civilian employees 
as of April 30, 1953 are shown in table 13 for individual cities having 
a population of 25,000 and over. Personnel figures for those police 
departments in cities having less than 25,000 are presented in table 
14 but the figures for civilian personnel are not segregated. 

Variation in practices among cities not only occurs in the use of 
civilian employees but also some departments indicated then school 
guards were augmented by school children or adults not paid from 
police funds. These differences would affect any comparisons of 
police strength between two or more departments. 

The unreliability of comparisons between police departments based 
solely on the number of reported police personnel is also emphasized 
by other factors. Probably the greatest variation in the number of 
police employees as between cities would normally be expected to 
result from wide differences in the hours of the workweek. A correl- 
ative consideration would include studies of the amount of annual 
leave or vacation granted. Daily or seasonal mfluxes of people from 
urbanized fringe areas to an industrial center or because of entertain- 
ment or vacation attractions would bear directly on a comparison of 
police strength between cities. These are not all of the differences 
which may affect necessary police strength but they are sufficient to 

268455°— 53 4 



24 

show that caution should be used in approaching comparisons of these 
data. 

In processing the reports part-time employees expressed in terms of 
equivalent full-time employees were included to the extent of the 
equivalent number of full-time personnel. Wliere a basis for ratio 
was not reported the FBI converted the hours worked by part-time 
employees on the assumption that a regular emploj^ee worked 208 
hours during the month. If a part-time employee worked at least 
75 percent of the normal working hours for the month, one fuU-time 
employee was added. 

Over 340 letters were du-ected to contributors concerning adjust- 
ments, exclusion of employees not paid from funds allocated for 
police department personnel, and other items relating to the uniformity 
of the data. 

Table 13.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APR. 30, 
1953, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION 



City 



ALABAMA 

Anniston 

Bessemer 

B irmingham 

Gadsen 

Mobile -- 

Montgomery 

Tuscaloosa 

ARIZONA 

Phoenix 

Tucson 

ARKANSAS 

Fort Smith- 

Hot Springs 

Little Rock 

North Little Rock.. 
Pine Bluff 

CALIFORNIA 

Alameda 

Alliambra 

Bakersfield 

Berkeley 

Beverly Hills 

Burbank 

Compton. 

Fresno 

Glondale. - 

Huntington Park... 

Ingle wood 

Long Beach 

Los Angeles 

Lynwood 

Oakland 

Palo Alto 

Pasadena 

Pomona _ 

Rcdondo Beach 

Redwood City 

Richmond 

Riverside 



Number of police 


department employees 


TOTAL 


Police 
oflBcers 


Civil- 
ians 


46 


45 


1 


34 


34 




423 


379 


44 


77 


76 


1 


166 


142 


24 


156 


143 


13 


54 


52 


2 


213 


180 


33 


79 


69 


10 


51 


49 


2 


38 


37 


1 


126 


117 


9 


61 


61 




36 


36 




73 


67 


6 


76 


66 


10 


102 


91 


11 


138 


132 


6 


76 


65 


11 


116 


88 


28 


61 


50 


11 


190 


169 


21 


162 


123 


39 


47 


46 


1 


61 


56 


5 


421 


327 


94 


5,139 


4,192 


947 


28 
789 
38 


27 
658 
36 


1 

131 

2 


193 


150 


43 


52 


46 


6 


30 

45 


29 
43 


1 
2 


143 


128 


15 


82 


77 


5 



City 



CALIFORNIA— Con. 



Sacramento 

San Bernardino. 

San Diego 

San Francisco... 

San Jose 

San Leandro 

San Mateo 

Santa Ana 

Santa Barbara.. 
Santa Monica... 

South Gate 

Stockton 

Vallejo 



COLORADO 



Colorado Springs. 

Denver 

Pueblo 



CONNECTICUT 



Bridgeport 

Bristol 

East Hartford.. 

Greenwich 

Hartford 

Meriden 

Middletown... 
New Britain... 

Now Haven 

New London. .- 

Norwalk 

Norwich 

Stamford 

Stratford. 

Torrington 

Waterbury 

West Hartford. 
West Haven... 



TOTAL 



DELAWARE 
Wilmington 



Number of police 
department employees 



263 

148 

481 

1,673 

136 

38 

53 

74 

78 

154 

51 

127 

79 



76 
632 

75 



360 
65 
56 

102 

306 
80 
43 

160 

427 
64 
86 
51 

175 
51 
58 

273 
76 
65 



246 



Police Civil- 
officers ians 



230 
116 
406 
1,576 
128 
34 
51 
70 
64 
121 
49 
114 
65 



68 
536 



348 
64 
48 
91 

262 
78 
40 

145 

398 
61 
82 
49 

165 
49 
57 

256 
71 
55 



216 



30 



25 

Table 13.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APR. 30, 
1953, CITIES OVER 25,000 POPULATION— Continued 



City 



DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 

Washington 

FLORIDA 

Daytona Beach 

Fort Lauderdale 

Gainesville 

Jacksonville 

Key West 

Lakeland 

Miami Beach 

Orlando 

Panama City 

Pensacola 

St. Petersburg 

Tallahassee 

Tampa 

West Palm Beach 

GEORGIA 

Albany 

Athens 

Atlanta 

Augusta 

Columbus 

La Grange ._ 

Macon 

Rome 

Savannah 

IDAHO 

Boise 

Pocatello 

IILIWOIS 

Alton _ 

Aurora 

BellevUle 

Berwyn 

Bloomington 

Champaign 

Chicago 

Cicero 

Danville 

Decatur 

East St. Louis 

Elgin 

Evanston 

Galesburg 

Granite City 

Joliet 

Kankakee 

Maywood 

Moline 

Oak Park 

Peoria 

Qulncy 

Rock Island 

Rockford 

Springfield 

Waukegan 

INDIANA 

Anderson ._ 

Bloomington 

East Chicago 

Elkhart 

Evansville 

Fort Wayne 

Gary 

Hammond 

Indlanapwlis 



Number of police 


department employees 


TOTAL 


Police 
officers 


Civil- 
ians 


2,223 


2,065 


158 


67 


61 


6 


79 


69 


10 


44 


40 


4 


360 


306 


54 


26 


26 




35 


29 


6 


170 


128 


42 


97 


85 


12 


39 


32 


7 


79 


69 


10 


111 


97 


14 


52 


51 


1 


211 


187 


24 


75 


70 


5 


43 


42 


1 


43 


42 


1 


739 


643 


90 


165 


149 


16 


120 


120 




38 


37 


1 


109 


107 


2 


44 


38 


6 


176 


157 


19 


62 


53 


9 


38 


33 


5 


40 


40 




58 


55 


3 


32 


31 


1 


45 


45 




39 


35 


4 


34- 


34 




7,647 


7,035 


612 


106 


105 


1 


32 


32 




60 


47 


3 


97 


79 


18 


41 


40 


1 


128 


90 


38 


36 


32 


4 


22 


22 




71 


67 


4 


26 


25 


1 


24 


24 




32 


29 


3 


78 


74 


4 


147 


140 


7 


47 


43 


4 


44 


44 




104 


97 


7 


109 


93 


16 


42 


40 


2 


72 


67 


5 


39 


36 


3 


128 


122 


6 


58 


54 


4 


188 


171 


17 


198 


194 


4 


249 


202 


47 


140 


123 


17 


859 


745 


114 




INDIANA— Con. 

Kokomo 

LaFayette 

Marion 

Michigan City 

Mishawaka 

Muncie 

New Albany 

Richmond 

South Bend 

Terre Haute 

IOWA 

Burlington 

Cedar Rapids 

Clinton 

Council Bluffs 

Davenport 

Des Moines 

Dubuque 

Fort Dodge 

Iowa City 

Mason City 

Ottumwa 

Sioux City 

Waterloo 

KANSAS 

Hutchinson 

Kansas City 

Saliaa 

Topeka 

Wichita 

KENTUCKY 

Covington 

Lexington 

Louisville 

Newport 

Owensboro 

Paducah 

LOUISIANA 

Alexandria 

Baton Rouge 

Lafayette 

Lake Charles 

Monroe 

New Orleans 

Shreveport 

MAINE 

Bangor... 

Lewiston 

Portland 

MARYLAND 

Baltimore 

Cumberland 

Hagerstown 

MASSACHUSETTS 

Arlington 

Belmont 

Beverly 

Boston 

Brockton 

Brookline 

Cambridge. 

Chelsea 



Number of police 
department employees 



TOTAL 



67 
53 
43 
45 
47 

100 
32 
51 

183 
91 



33 



45 
92 
210 
48 
25 
22 
39 
32 
99 
72 



36 
165 

32 
121 
229 



83 
94 
516 
55 
52 
59 



61 
136 
40 
28 
55 
1,005 
140 



58 
54 
118 



2,553 
53 
55 



82 
50 
74 
3,052 
113 
136 
232 



Police 


Civil- 


officers 


ians 


57 




53 




43 




44 


1 


42 


5 


90 


10 


32 




51 




171 


12 


89 


2 


32 


1 


80 


8 


28 




40 


5 


85 


7 


189 


21 


47 


1 


25 




22 




32 


7 


31 


1 


78 


21 


71 


1 


33 


3 


143 


22 


30 


2 


93 


28 


189 


40 


79 


4 


88 


6 


470 


46 


48 


7 


50 


2 


59 




59 


2 


121 


15 


37 


3 


28 




45 


10 


1,005 




130 


io 


46 


12 


51 


3 


111 


7 


2,227 


326 


48 


5 


49 


6 


75 


7 


45 


5 


74 




2,826 


226 


108 


5 


131 


6 


224 
84 


8 
5 



26 

Table 13.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APR 30, 
1953, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Continued 



City 



MASSACHUSETTS— Con. 

Chicopee 

Everett 

Fall River 

Fitchburg 

Framingham 

Gloucester 

Haverhill 

Holyoke 

Lawrence 

Lowell - 

Maiden — 

Melrose 

New Bedford. 

Northampton 

Pittsfleld 

Quincy..- 

Revere 

Salem 

SomervUIe 

Springfield 

Taunton 

Waltham 

Watertown _ 

Weymouth 

Worcester . 

MICHIGAN 

Ann Arbor... 

Battle Creek.- 

Bay City 

Dearborn 

Detroit 

Femdale 

Flint -. 

Grand Rapids 

Hamtramck 

Highland Park 

Jackson 

Kalamazoo 

Lansing. _. 

Muskegon 

Pontiac. 

Port Huron 

Royal Oak_ 

Saginaw 

Wyandotte.- - 

MINNESOTA 

I5uluth 

Minneapolis 

Rochester 

St. Cloud. 

St. Paul 

Winona 

MISSISSIPPI 

Greenville 

Hattiesburg 

Jackson. - - 

Laurel 

Meridian 

Vicksburg 

MISSOURI 

Columl)ia 

Independence 

Jefferson City 

Joplin 

Kansas City 

St. Joseph 

St. Louis 

Springfield 

University City 



Number of police 


department employees 


TOTAI 


Police 
officers 


Civil- 
ians 


81 


78 


3 'i 


119 


1)6 


3 


243 


222 


21 • 


77 


69 


8 


33 


33 




46 


44 


2 


66 


65 


1 


124 


123 


1 


145 


141 


4 


202 


190 


12 


121 


121 




60 


51 


9 


215 


203 


12 


37 


37 




81 


79 


2 


149 


143 


6 


80 


69 


11 


87 


80 


7 


160 


158 


2 


370 


3.50 


20 


65 


58 


7 


71 


66 


5 


74 


69 


5 


49 


47 


2 


384 


354 


30 


66 


60 


6 


54 


46 


8 


89 


74 


15 


197 


173 


24 


4,618 


4,235 


383 


43 


40 


3 


320 


243 


77 


263 


219 


44 


100 


96 


4 


121 


109 


12 


75 


70 


5 


111 


97 


14 


145 


141 


4 


75 


69 


6 


115 


99 


16 


50 


40 


10 


57 


50 


7 


141 


133 


8 


65 


56 


9 


145 


133 


12 


644 


582 


62 


42 


41 


1 


32 


31 


1 


374 


352 


22 


34 


34 




42 


38 


4 


28 


28 




164 


126 


38 


26 


26 




70 


61 


9 


33 


33 




34 


31 


3 


36 


35 


1 


29 


29 




40 


38 


2 


711 


565 


146 


105 


98 


7 


2,333 


1,892 


441 


98 


89 


9 


44 


43 


1 



City 



MONTANA 



Billings 

Butte 

Great Falls. 



NEBRASKA 



Lincoln . 
Omaha.. 



NEVADA 



Reno- 



NEW HAMPSHIRE 



Concord 

Manchester. 
Nashua. _ . 



NEW JERSEY 



Atlantic City 

Bayonne 

Belleville 

Bloomfield 

Camden 

Clifton 

East Orange 

Elizabeth..- 

Garfield 

Hackensack 

Hamilton 

Hoboken 

Irvington 

Jersey City 

Kearney 

Linden 

Maple wood 

Montclair 

New Brunswick. 

Newark 

North Bergen 

Nutley 

Orange 

Passaic 

Paterson 

Perth .\mboy 

Plainfleld 

Teaneck 

Trenton 

Union City 

Union. 

West New York. 
West Orange 



NEW MEXICO 



.A.lbuquerque- 

RoswelL 

Santa Fe 



NEW YORK 



Albany 

Amsterdam . . 

Auburn 

Bingham ton. 

Buffalo 

Elmira 

Hempstead 
Irondequoit-- 

Ithaca 

Jamestown... 

Kingston 

Lackawanna. 
Lockport . . - 



Number of police 
department employees 



TOTAL 



109 
350 



86 



45 
126 
49 



211 

217 

61 

91 

285 

89 

142 

256 

41 

60 

61 

177 

110 

1,010 

113 

102 

49 

108 

72 

1,371 

106 

37 

95 

128 

266 

93 

84 

45 

259 

137 

77 

88 

65 



318 
42 
56 

126 
1,418 

100 
67 
25 
42 
61 
43 
65 
34 



27 

Table 13.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APR. 30, 
1953, CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Continued 




NEW YORK— Con. 

Mount Vernon 

New Rochelle 

New York 

Newburgh 

Niagara Falls 

Poughkeepsie 

Rochester 

Rome 

Schenectady -- 

Syracuse -- 

Troy -- 

IJtica 

Watertown 

White Plains 

Yonkers 

NORTH CAROLINA 

Asheville 

Charlotte 

Durham 

Fayette ville - 

Greensboro 

High Point 

Kannapolis 

Raleigh 

Rocky Mount 

Wilmington 

Winston-Salem 

NORTH DAKOTA 

Fargo 

Grand Forks. _ - - - 

OHIO 

Akron 

Alliance 

Barberton 

Canton 

Cincinnati 

Cleveland 

Cleveland Heights. -. 

Columbus -- 

Cuyahoga Falls 

Dayton 

East Cleveland 

Elyria.-- _-_ 

Euclid 

Hamilton 

Lakewood 

Lima 

Lorain. _ 

Mansfield 

Marion --. 

MassiUon 

Middletown 

Newark 

Norwood 

Parma 

Portsmouth 

Sandusky 

Shaker Heights 

Springfield 

Steuben vUle 

Toledo 

Warren 

Youngstown 

ZanesvOle 

OKLAHOMA 

Enid 

Lawton 

Muskogee -.. 

Norman 

Oklahoma City ._ 

Tulsa 



Number of police 
department employees 




161 

152 

20,052 

60 
170 

84 
548 

43 
172 
411 
193 
169 

48 
119 
271 



222 

120 
70 

145 
77 
23 

111 
49 
90 

173 



304 
30 
31 

148 

910 

2,120 

90 

557 
24 

326 
53 
39 
66 
75 
80 
53 
53 
46 
32 
27 
59 
36 
47 
31 
49 
33 
61 
88 
43 

466 
54 

290 
33 



39 
39 

47 

17 

350 

260 



147 


14 


137 


15 


9,147 


905 


60 




158 


12 


72 


12 


432 


116 


43 




161 


11 


332 


79 


152 


41 


159 


10 


45 


3 


113 


6 


240 


31 


79 


1 


192 


30 


100 


20 


64 


6 


125 


20 


.71 


6 


22 


1 


89 


22 


46 


3 


77 


13 


148 


25 


48 


9 


27 


2 


256 


48 


30 




27 


4 


143 


5 


876 


34 


1,786 


334 


65 


25 


461 


96 


23 


1 


287 


39 


45 


8 


36 


3 


55 


11 


73 


2 


63 


17 


49 


4 


53 




44 


2 


31 


1 


27 




56 


3 


35 


1 


44 


3 


29 


2 


48 


1 


32 


1 


60 


1 


80 


8 


43 




391 


75 


52 


2 


257 


33 


33 




38 


1 


36 


3 


44 


3 


17 




314 


36 


237 


23 



Number of police 
department employees 




OREGON 

Eugene 

Portland 

Salem 

PENNSYLVANIA 

Abington 

Aliquippa 

Allentown 

Altoona 

Bethlehem 

Chester 

Easton 

Erie 

Harrisburg 

Haverford... 

Hazleton... 

Tohnstovm ^ 

Lancaster 

Lebanon 

Lower Merion 

McKeesport 

Mount Lebanon 

New Castle 

New Kensington 

Norristown 

Philadelphia 

Pittsburgh 

Reading 

Scranton 

Sharon 

Upper Darby 

Washington -. 

Wtlkes-Barre 

Wilkinsburg 

Williamsport 

York 

RHODE ISLAND 

Cranston 

East Providence 

Newport 

Pawtucket 

Providence 

Warwick 

Woonsocket 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

Charleston 

Columbia 

Greenville 

Spartanburg 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

Rapid City 

Sioux Falls 

TENNESSEE 

Chattanooga 

Jackson 

Johnson City 

Knoxville 

Memphis 

Nashville 

Oak Ridge 

TEXAS 

Abilene 

Amarillo 

Austin 

Beaumont 

Brownsville 



49 

766 



34 

36 

125 

105 

79 

78 

46 

194 

136 

45 

30 

88 

77 

35 

110 

92 

40 

62 

31 

45 

,884 

,465 

178 

186 

34 

137 

32 

98 

43 

48 

81 



74 
71 
89 
162 
520 
62 



156 
142 
126 
75 



161 
35 
36 
183 
438 
330 
53 



69 
116 
186 
110 

63 



38 
665 
65 



34 

29 

117 

102 

72 

69 

44 

171 

124 

42 

30 

80 

73 

35 

99 

79 

38 

51 

31 

45 

4,182 

1,414 

131 

173 

33 

104 

30 

95 

28 

47 

80 



149 

441 

60 

94 



140 
129 
115 
69 



151 
35 
32 
153 
355 
276 
51 



65 
110 
153 
106 

42 



28 



Table 13.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APR. 30, 
1953, CITIES OVER 25,000 IX POPULATION— Continued 



City 



TEXAS— Continued 

Corpus Christi 

Dallas 

El Paso 

Fort Worth 

Houston 

Laredo 

Lubbock 

Odessa-- 

Port Arthur 

San Angelo 

San Antonio 

Temple -.- 

Tyler 

Waco 

Wichita Falls 

UTAH 

Ogden_- 

Provo 

Salt Lake City 

VERMONT 

Burlington 

VIRGINIA 

Alexandria 

Arlington 

Charlottesville. - - - - . 

Danville 

Hampton 

Lynchburg — 

Newport News 

Norfolk 

Petersburg 

Portsmouth 

Richmond ..- _. 

Roanoke — 

WASHINGTON 

Bellingham — 

Bremerton 



Number of police 


department employees 


TOTAL 


Police 
officers 


Civil- 
ians 


120 


106 


14 


571 


491 


80 


173 


141 


32 


421 


380 


41 


822 


615 


207 


52 


48 


4 


116 


99 


17 


60 


52 


8 


58 


56 


2 


55 


55 




395 


327 


68 


30 


29 


1 


40 


40 




102 


99 


3 


70 


63 


7 


63 


59 


4 


34 


27 


7 


249 


229 


20 


45 


42 


3 


103 


94 


9 


130 


113 


17 


41 


39 


2 


70 


69 


1 


60 


57 


3 


66 


63 


3 


71 


65 


6 


336 


298 


38 


49 


46 


3 


93 


86 


7 


343 


309 


34 


124 


119 


5 


44 


42 


2 


62 


45 


7 



City 



WASHINGTON— Con. 

Everett.- 

Seattle 

Spokane --. 

Taeoma 

Vancouver 

Yakima •-- 

WEST VIRGINIA 

Charleston 

Clarksburg 

Fairmont-. 

Huntington 

Morgantown 

Parkersburg 

Wheeling 

WISCONSIN 

Appleton 

Beloit 

Eau Claire 

Fond du Lae 

Green Bay -.. 

Kenosha.' 

La Crosse. 

Madison 

Manitowoc 

Milwaukee 

Oshkosh 

Racine 

Sheboygan 

Superior 

Wausau 

Wau watosa 

West Allis.- - 

WYOMING 
Cheyenne 

HAWAn 
Honolulu 



Number of police 
department employees 



TOTAI 



51 

779 

224 

224 

52 

68 



108 
30 
29 

104 
20 
32 
80 



42 
46 
57 
39 
85 
81 
69 

161 

41 

1,558 

60 

125 
55 
58 
41 
52 
73 



48 



Police 
officers 



678 
198 
184 
52 
59 



42 
43 
49 
36 
80 
73 
63 

127 

39 

1,441 

60 

114 
55 
57 
41 
52 
71 



40 



Civil- 
ians 



3 
101 
26 
40 



34 

2 

117 



29 

Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APR. 30, 
1953, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000 



City 



ALABAMA 

Albortville .. 

Alexander City... 

Aliceville 

Andalusia. 

Athens.. 

Atmore... 

Attalla- 

Auburn 

Bay Minette 

Boaz 

Brewton 

Primdidge 

Chickasaw 

Childersburg 

Clan ton 

Cordova. 

Cullman 

Decatur. 

Dothan 

Elba 

Enterprise 

Evergrpcn 

Fairfield 

Fairhope 

Fayette 

Florala 

Florence. 

Fort Payne 

Geneva 

Greenville 

Guntersville 

Hartselle 

Home wood 

Jackson 

.Jacksonville 

Jasper 

Lanett 

Iveeds 

Lipscomb 

Marion 

Monroeville 

Mountain Brook. 

Northport 

Oneonta.. 

Opelika 

Opp 

Phenix City 

Piedmont 

Prattville 

Prichard 

Roanoke 

Selma 

Shawmut 

Sheffield 

Sylacauga 

Talladega... 

Tallassee 

Troy 

Tuscumbia 

Tuskegee 

Union Springs .._ 
Wetumpka 

ARIZONA 

.\jo . 

Avondale 

Pisbee 

Casa Grande 

Chandler 

Clifton 

Coolidge 

Douglas. 

Eloj 

Flagstafl 

Glen dale 

Globe 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



City 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



ARIZONA— Con. 

Kingman 

Mesa 

Miami 

Nogales 

Prescott 

Tempe 

ToUeson 

Winslow 

Yuma 

ARKANSAS 

Arkadelphia 

Batesvillo 

Bentonville 

Bbtheville._ 

Brinkley 

Camden 

Clarendon 

Clarksville 

Conway 

Crossett 

De Queen 

De Witt 

El Dorado 

Eudora 

Fayette ville 

Fordyce 

Hamburg 

Harrison 

Helena 

Hope 

Jonesboro 

Magnolia 

Malvern 

Marianna 

Marked Tree 

Mena 

Monticello 

Morrllton 

Nashville 

Newport 

Osceola 

Paris 

Piggott 

Pocahontas. 

Prescott 

Russellville 

Searcy 

Siloam Springs 

Springdale 

Stamps 

Stuttgart 

Texarkana 

Trumann 

Van Buren... 

Warren 

West Helena 

Wynne 

CAUFORNIA 

Albany 

Alturas 

Anaheim 

Antioch 

Arcadia... 

Areata 

Atherton 

Atwater 

Auburn 

Azusa 

Baiming 

Barstow 

Beaumont 

Bell- 

Belmont 



City 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 



CAUFORNIA— Con. 

Benicia 

Bishop 

Blythe - 

Brawley 

Brea 

Burlingame 

Calexico 

Carmel by the Sea... 

Chico 

Chino 

Chowcbilla 

Chula Vista 

Claremont 

Clovis. 

Coachella 

Coalinga 

Colton 

Colusa 

Concord 

Corcoran 

Coming 

Corona 

Coronado 

Covina 

Culver City 

Daly City.... .- 

Davis 

Delano 

Dinuba 

El Cajon 

El Centro 

El Cerrito 

El Monte 

El Segundo 

Emeryville 

Escondido 

Eureka 

Exeter 

Fairfax 

Fairfield 

Fillmore 

Fontana 

Fort Bragg 

Fullerton 

Gardena 

Gilroy 

Glendora 

Grass Valley 

Hanford 

Hawthorne 

Hay ward 

Healdsburg 

Hemet 

Hermosa Beach 

Hillsborough 

Hollister 

Huntington Beach... 

Indio 

La Habra 

La Mesa 

La Verne 

Laguna Beach 

Larkspur 

Lindsay 

Livermore 

Lodi 

Lompoc 

Los Banos 

Los Gatos 

Madera 

Manhattan Beach... 

Manteca... 

Martinez 

Marysville 

Maywood 

Menlo Park 

Merced 



30 



Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APR. 30, 
1953, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 



City 



CALIFORNIA— Con. 



Mm Valley.. _ _. 

Millbrae 

Modesto 

Monrovia 

Monte hello 

Monterey 

Monterey Park 

Mountain View 

Napa... 

National City 

Needles 

Nevada City 

Newport Beach 

North Sacramento... 

Oakdale 

Oceanside 

Ojai 

Ontario 

Orange 

Oroville 

Oxnard 

Pacific Orove 

Palm Springs 

Paso Robles 

Petaluma 

Piedmont -.. 

Pittsburg 

Placerville 

Port Hueneme 

Porterville 

Red Bluff 

Redding 

Redlands 

Reedley 

Rialto 

Riverbank 

Roseville 

Salinas 

San Anselmo 

San Bruno 

San Carlos 

San Fernando 

San Gabriel 

San Luis Obispo 

San Marino 

San Pablo 

San Rafael 

Sanger 

Santa Clara 

Santa Cruz 

Santa Maria 

Santa Paula.. _ 

Santa Rosa 

Sausallto.. 

Seal Beach 

Sebastopol 

Selma 

Sierra Madre 

Signal Hill 

South Pasadena 

South San Francisco. 

Sunnyvale 

Susanville 

Taft - 

Torrance 

Tracy 

Tulare. 

Turlock. 

Ukiah 

Upland 

Vacavllle 

Ventura 

Vlsalia 

Wasco 

Watsonvlllc- 

Weed 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 




CALIFORNIA— Con. 



West Covina. 

Whittier 

Willits 

Willows 

Woodlake 

Woodland 

Yreka City... 
Yuba Citv-.-- 



COLORADO 



Alamosa 

Aurora 

Boulder 

Brighton 

Canon City 

Cortez -- 

Craig 

Delta 

Durango 

Englewood 

Florence 

Fort Collins 

Fort Morgan 

Golden 

Grand Junction.. 

Greeley 

Gunnison 

La Junta 

Lamar 

Leadville 

Littleton 

Longmont 

Loveland 

Manitou Springs. 

Monte Vista 

Montrose... 

Rocky Ford 

Salida 

Sterling. 

Trinidad 

Walsenburg 



CONNECTICUT 



Ansonia 

Bethel... 

Branford 

Danbury 

Danielson 

Derby... 

Groton 

Jewctt City 

Naugatuck 

Plymouth 

Putnam.. 

Rockville... 

Shelton 

Southlngton 

Stafford Springs. 

Thomaston 

Thompson ville.. 

Wallinpford- 

WiUimantic 

Winsted 



DELAWARE 



Dover. 

Elsmere 

Laurel 

Lewes 

Milford 

New Castle. 

Newark 

Seaford 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



City 



FLORIDA 



Apalachicola 

Arcadia 

Aubumdale 

i Avon Park 

Bartow 

Belle Glade 

Boynton Beach 

Bradenton 

Chipley 

Clearwater. 

Cocoa. 

Coral Gables 

Crestview 

Dade City 

Dania 

De Funiak Springs.. 

De Land 

Dunedin 

Eustis 

Fernandina. 

Fort Meade. 

Fort Myers 

Fort Pierc* 

Green Cove Springs. 

Gulfport 

Haines City 

Hallandale 

Hialeah 

Holly Hill 

Hollywood 

Homestead 

Jacksonville Beach.. 

Kissimmee 

Lake City.. 

Lake Wales 

Lake Worth 

Leesburg 

Live Oak 

Madison 

Marianna 

Melbourne 

Miami Shores 

Miami Springs 

Mount Dora 

New Smyrna Beach. 

North Miami 

Ocala 

Opalocka. 

Ormond. 

Palatka... 

Palm Beach 

Palmetto 

Perry 

Pinellas Park 

Plant City 

Pompano Beach 

Quincy 

Riviera Beach 

St. Augustine 

St. Cloud 

Sanford 

Sarasota 

Sebring 

South Miami 

Starke 

Stuart 

Titus ville 

Vero Beach 

Wauchula 

West Miami.. 

Winter Garden 

Winter Haven 

Winter Park 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em 
ployees 



31 

Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APR. 30, 
1953, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 



City 



GEORGIA 



Adel 

Alma 

Americus 

Ashbum 

Bainbridge 

Barnes ville 

Baxley 

Brunswick 

Buford 

Cairo 

Calhoun 

Camilla 

Canton 

CarroUton 

Carters ville 

Cedartown 

Chamblee 

Cochran 

College Park 

Commerce 

Cordele 

Covington 

Cuthbert _. 

Dawson 

Decatur 

Donalsonville.-- 

Douglas 

Dublin 

East Point 

Eastman 

Eatonton 

Elberton 

Fitzgerald 

Forest Park 

Forsyth 

Gainesville 

Greensboro 

GrifSn 

Hape ville 

Hartwell 

Hawkins ville 

Hazelhurst 

Hogans ville 

Jesup 

Lafayette 

Lawrence ville. - 

Manchester 

Marietta 

Milledge ville- -- 

MiUen 

Monroe 

Moultrie 

Newnan 

Ocilla 

Pelham 

Porterdale 

Quitman 

Rockmart 

Statesboro 

Summerville 

Swainsboro 

Sylvania 

Sylvester 

Tallapoosa 

Thomaston 

Thomas ville 

Thomson 

Tifton 

Valdosta 

Vidalia 

Warner Robins. 

Washington 

Waycross 

West Point 

Winder. 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



City 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



IDAHO 

Alameda 

Blackfoot 

Buhl 

Burlev --_ 

Caldwell 

Coeur d'Alene 

Emmett 

Gooding 

Idaho Falls 

Jerome 

Kellogg 

Lewiston 

Malad City 

Montpelier 

Moscow 

Nampa.-. 

Payette 

Preston 

Rexburg.. __ 

Rupert 

St. .\nthony 

Salmon 

Sandpoint 

Twin Falls 

Wallace 

Weiser 

IIIINOIS 

Aledo 

Anna 

Arlington Heights 

Barrington 

Batavia 

Beardstown 

Bellwood 

Belvidere 

Blue Island 

Bradley 

Brookfleld 

Bushnell 

Cairo 

Calumet City 

Canton 

Carbondale 

Carlin ville 

Carlyle 

Carmi 

Carthage 

Casey 

Centralia 

Charleston 

Chicago Heights - 

Chillicothe 

Christopher 

Clinton 

Colllnsville 

Creve Coeur 

Crystal Lake 

De Kalb 

Des Plaines 

Dolton 

Downers Grove.-. 

Du Quoin 

Dwight 

East Alton 

East Moline 

East Peoria 

Edwardsville 

Effingham 

Eldorado 

Elmhurst--- 

Elmwood Park, .. 
Evergreen Park- . 
Fairfield 



City 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 



ILLINOIS— Con. 



Farmington 

Flora 

Forest Park 

Franklin Park 

Freeport 

Fulton _. 

Galena 

Geneseo 

Geneva 

Georgetown 

Gibson City 

Gillespie 

Glen Ellyn 

Gleneoe 

Glenview 

Greenville 

Harrisburg 

Harvard 

Harvey 

Havana 

Herrin 

Highland 

Highland Park.. 

Highwood 

Hillsboro 

Hinsdale 

Homewood 

Hoopeston 

Jacksonville 

Jersey ville 

Johnston City... 

Kenilworth 

Kewanee 

La Grange 

La Grange Park. 

La Salle 

Lake Forest 

Lansing 

Lawrenceville 

Lemont 

Lewistown 

Libertyville 

Lincoln,. . 

Lincolnwood 

Litchfield 

Lockport 

Lombard 

Loves Park 

Lyons 

Macomb 

Madison 

Marengo 

Marion 

Markham 

Marseilles 

Marshall 

Mascoutah 

Mattoon 

McLeansboro 

Melrose Park 

Mendota 

Metropolis 

Midlothian 

Momence 

Monmouth 

Monticello 

Morris 

Morrison 

Morton 

Morton Grove. _. 
Mount CarmeL . 
Mount Prospect 
Mount Vernon.. 

Mundelein 

Murphysboro 

Naperville 



268453°— 53 5 



32 

Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APR. 30, 
1953, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 



City 



ILLINOIS— Continued 



Newton 

Niles 

Nokomis 

Normal 

North Chicago 

North Lalfe 

North Riverside - _ 

Northbrook 

Oak Lawn 

Oglesby 

Olney 

Oregon 

Ottawa. 

Palatine 

Pana 

Park Forest 

Park Ridge 

Paxton 

Pekin 

Peoria Heights 

Peru 

Pinekney ville 

Pittsfield 

Pontiae 

Princeton 

Rantoul 

River Forest 

River Grove 

Riverdale 

Riverside 

Robinson 

RochcUe 

Rock Falls 

Rockdale Junction. 

Rush ville 

St. Charles 

Salem 

Sandwich 

Savanna 

Shelby ville 

Silvis 

Skokie 

South Beloit.. 

South Holland 

Sparta.- 

Spring Valley 

Staunton 

Steger 

Sterling 

Stickney 

Streator 

Sullivan 

Summit 

Sycamore 

Taylorville 

Urbana 

Vandalia 

Venice.. -- 

Villa Park..- 

Virden 

Washington 

Waterloo. . 

Watseka 

Westchester 

West Chicago 

Western Springs... 

Westmont... 

Westville. 

Wheaton 

White Hall 

Wilmette 

Wilmington 

Winnetka 

Wood River.. 

Woodstock 

Zeigler.. 

Zion... 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



City 



Number 

of police 

dei)art- 

meiit 

employees 



INDIANA 

Alexandria 

Angola. 

Attica 

Auburn 

Aurora 

Batesville 

Bedford 

Beech Grove 

Bicknell 

Bluffton 

Boonville 

Brazil 

Bremen 

Brookville 

Cambridge City... 

Charlestown 

Chesterton 

Clarksville 

Clinton 

Columbia City 

Columbus 

Connersville 

Crawfordsville 

Crown Point 

Danville 

Decatur 

Delphi 

Dunkirk 

East Gary 

Edinburg 

Elwood 

Fairmount 

Frankfort 

Franklin 

Garrett 

Gas City 

Goshen 

Greencastle 

Greenfield 

Greensburg 

Greenwood 

Griffith 

Hartford City 

Highland 

Hobart 

Huntingburg 

Huntington 

Jasonville 

Jasper 

Jefferson ville 

Kendall ville 

La Porte 

Lawrence burg 

Lebanon 

Linton.- 

Logansport 

Madison 

Martinsville 

Mitchell 

Monticello 

Mount Vernon 

Munster 

Nappanec 

New Castle 

Noblesville -- 

North Manchester 

North Vernon 

Oakland City 

Paoli 

Peru 

Petersburg 

Plainfleld 

Plymouth 

Portland 

Princeton... 

Rensselaer 

Rochester 



City 



INDIANA— Con. 

Rush ville 

Salem 

Scottsburg. 

Seymour 

Shelby ville... 

Speedway 

Sullivan 

Tell City. 

Tipton 

Union City 

Valparaiso 

Vincennes 

Wabash 

Warsaw 

Washington 

West Lafayette 

West Terre Haute . 

Whiting 

Winchester 

IOWA 

Albia.. 

Algona 

Ames 

Anamosa ..- 

Atlantic 

Audubon 

Belle Plaine 

Bettcnilorf 

Bloomfield 

Boone 

Carroll.. 

Cedar Falls. 

Centerville 

Chariton 

Charles City 

Cherokee 

Clarinda.. 

Clarion.. 

Clear Lake 

Creston 

De Witt.. 

Decorah.. 

Denison 

Eagle Grove 

Eldora.. 

Emmetsburg 

Estherville.. 

Fairfield 

Forest City 

Fort Madison 

Glenwood 

Grirmell 

Hampton 

Harlan 

Hawarden 

Humboldt 

Indoi)endence 

Indianola 

Iowa Falls 

Jefferson 

Keokuk 

Knoxville 

Le Mars 

Manchester 

Maquoketa 

Marion 

Marshalltown 

Missouri Valley 

Monticello 

Mount Pleasant... 

Muscatine 

Nevada 

New Hampton 

Newton.. 

Oelwein 



Number 
of police 
depart- ' 
ment em- 
ployees 



33 

Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APR. 30, 
1953, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 



City 



IOWA— Continued 

Onawa 

Osage 

Osceola ._ 

Oskaloosa 

Pella... .-_ 

Perry. 

Red Oak 

Rock Rapids 

Sac City 

Sheldon 

Shenandoah 

Sibley 

Spencer 

Storm Lake 

Tama 

Tipton_ 

Vinton 

Washington 

Waukon _. 

Waverly 

Webster City 

West Des Moines 

Winterset 

KANSAS 

Abilene 

Anthony 

Arkansas City 

Atchison 

Augusta 

Baxter Springs 

Belleville. 

Beloit 

Caney 

Chanute 

Cherry vale.- .-. 

Clay Center 

Coffevville 

Colby 

Columbus 

Concordia 

Council Grove 

Dodge City 

El Dorado 

Ellinwood 

Ellis. 

Emporia.- 

Eureka 

Fort Scott 

Fredonia 

Garden City 

Garnett 

Goodland 

Great Bend 

Hays 

Herington 

Hiawatha 

Hoisington 

Helton 

Hugoton 

Independence 

lola 

Junction City 

Kingman 

Lamed 

LawTence 

Leavenworth 

Liberal 

Lyons 

Manhattan 

Marysville 

McPherson 

Neodesha 

Newton 

Norton 

Olathe 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



City 



KANSAS— Continued 

Osawatomie 

Ottawa 

Paola 

Parsons 

Phillipsburg 

Pittsburg 

Pratt 

Russell 

Scott City 

Wellington 

Winfleld 

KENTUCKY 

Bardstown 

Belle vue 

Berea 

Bowling Green 

Carrollton 

Catlettsburg 

Central City 

Corbin 

Cumberland 

Cynthiana 

Danville.. 

Dayton 

Elizabethto wn 

Elsmere 

Erlanger 

Fort Thomas 

Frankfort 

Franklin 

Fulton... 

Georgetown 

Glasgow 

Greenville 

Harlan 

Harrodsburg 

Hazard 

Henderson 

Hopkins villa 

Jenkins 

Lebanon 

London... 

Ludlow 

Mayfield 

Maysville 

Middlesboro 

Monticello 

Morehead 

Morganfield 

Mount Sterling 

Paintsville 

Paris 

Park Hills 

Pikeville 

Pineville 

Prestonsburg 

Princeton 

Providence 

Richmond 

Russell ville 

Shelby ville 

Somerset 

South Fort Mitchell.. 

Versailles 

Winchester 

LOUISIANA 

Abbeville 

Amite 

Bastrop 

Berwick 

Bogalusa 

Bossier City 

Bunkie 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



City 


Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 


LOUISIANA-Con. 
Church Point- - 


4 


De Quincy 


3 


De Ridder.. 


5 


Donaldsonville 

Ferriday 


6 
3 


Franklin .. 


g 


Hammond-. 


11 


Harahan - ... 


2 


HaNTiesville 


3 


Homer 

Houma 


5 
17 


Jackson 


1 
3 


Jennings . 


7 


Jonesboro 

Kaplan 


4 
4 




10 


Leesville 


11 


Mansfield 


5 


Minden... . 


10 


Morgan City .. 


11 


Natchitoches.. . -. 


12 


New Iberia 


20 




4 


Opelousas 


15 


Pineville.. 


5 


Plaquemine. . 


g 




4 


Port Allen ... 


3 


Ravne 


10 




10 


St. Martinville 

SlidelL. 


3 
4 


Springhill 


5 


Tallulah 


7 




10 


Ville Platte.. 


g 


Vinton 


4 


West Monroe 


14 


Winnfield 


6 




4 


MAms 

Auburn 


25 


Augusta.. 


25 


Bar Harbor.. 


4 


Bath 


13 


Belfast 


6 


Biddeford 


14 


Brewer.. 


7 


Brunswick 

Calais.. 


12 
6 


Camden 

Caribou . 


4 

s 


Dexter 


2 


Dover Fo.xcroft 

Eastport 


2 
2 


Ellsworth 


5 


Fairfield 


3 


Farmington 


8 


Gardiner 


7 


Hallowell 

Houlton 


4 
9 


Kennebunk 


4 


Kittery 


9 


Lincoln . .. 


3 


Livermore Falls 

Madawaska 


1 
3 


Madison 


1 


Millinocket ... 


5 


Norway 


2 


Old Orchard Beach... 
Old Town 


7 
7 


Orono. 


4 


Pittsfield 


3 


Presque Isle 


9 



34 



Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APR. 
1953, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 



30, 



City 



MAINE— Continued 



Rockland 

Rumford - 

Saco 

Sanford 

Skowhegan 

South Portland - 

Waterville 

Westbrook 

Winslow 



MARYLAND 



Annapolis 

Bel Air 

Bladensburg 

Brentwood 

Brunswick 

Cambridge 

Capitol Heights. 

Cheverly 

Crisfleld. 

Easton 

Elkton 

Frederick 

Frostburg 

Oreenbelt 

Havre de Grace. 

Hyattsville 

Laurel 

Mount Rainier. . 
Poeomoke City.. 

Riverdale 

Salisbury 

Takoma Park 

Westcrnport 



MASSACHUSETTS 



Abington 

Adams 

Amesbury 

Amhurst 

Andover 

AthoL 

Attleboro 

Auburn__ -- 

Ayer 

Barnstable 

Blackstone 

Braintree_ 

Bridgewater - 

Canton 

Clinton 

Concord.. 

Dalton 

Danvers 

Dartmouth 

Dedham.-- 

Dracut 

Easthampton 

Fairhaven ^- 

Falmouth.. 

Foxborough 

Franklin - 

Gardner 

Great Barrington. 

Greenfield 

Hingham... 

Hudson. 

Ipswich 

Lee 

Leominster 

Lexington 

Ludlow ._ 

Marblehead 

Marlboro 

Maynard... 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



City 



MASSACHUSETTS- 

Continiud 

Methuen 

Middleborough 

Milford .-- 

Millbury 

Milton 

Montague 

Nantucket 

Natick 

Necdhani 

Newburyport 

North Adams 

North Andover 

North Attleboro 

North Brookfleld.. 

Northbridge 

Norwood 

Orange 

Palmer 

Peabody... --. 

Plymouth 

Province town 

Randolph 

Reading 

Rockland 

Rockport 

Saugus 

Sharon_.. 

Somerset 

South Hadley 

Southbridge 

Spencer 

Stoneham 

Stoughton 

S wampscott 

Wakefield 

Walpole. 

Ware 

Webster 

Wellesley 

West Springfield 

Westborough 

Westfield 

Whitman 

Williamstown 

Winchendon 

Winchester 

Winthrop 

Woburn 

MICHIGAN 

Adrian 

Albion.. 

Algouae 

Allegan 

Allen Park 

Alma 

Alpena 

Bad Axe 

Belding 

Benton Harbor 

Berkley 

Bessemer 

Big Rapids. 

Birmingham 

Boyne City 

Buchanan 

Cadillac 

Caro 

Center I^ine 

Charlevoix 

Charlotte 

Cheboygan 

Chelsea.... 

Clawson -.. 

Coldwater 

Dowagiac 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



City 



mCHIGAN-Con. 

Durand 

East Detroit 

East Grand Rapids.. 

East Lansing 

Eaton Rapids 

Ecorse 

Escanaba 

Esscxville 

Fenton 

Fremont 

Garden City 

Gladstone 

Grand Haven. 

Grand Ledge 

Greenville . . 

Grosse Pointe 

Qrosse Pointe Farms 
Grosse Pointe Park.. 
Grosse Pointe Woods 

Hancock 

Hastings 

Hazel Park 

Hillsdale 

Holland 

Houghton - . 

Howell 

Hudson 

Huntington Woods. - 

Inkster 

Ionia 

Iron Moimtain 

Iron River 

Ironwood 

Ishpeming 

Ktngsford 

Lapeer 

Laurium 

Livonia 

Ludington 

Manistee 

Manisti<4ue 

Marine City. 

Marquette _ 

Marshall 

Marysville 

Mason 

MelvLndale 

Menonmiee 

Midland 

Milan 

Monroe 

Mount Clemens 

Mount Morris 

Mount Pleasant 

Munising 

Muskegon Heights... 

Negaunee 

Newberry 

Niles 

Northville 

Norway 

Otsego 

Owosso 

Petoskev 

Plain well 

Pleasant Ridge 

Plymouth 

River Rouge 

Rochester 

Rogers City 

Romeo. 

Roseville - 

St. Clair 

St. Clair Shores 

St. Ignace — 

St. Johns 

St. Joseph 



Number 
of police 
dejiart-' 
ment em- 
ployees 



I 



35 

Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APR. 30, 
1953, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 



City 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



MICHIGAN— Cod. 



St. Louis 

Sault Ste Marie- 
South Haven 

Sturgis 

Tecumseh 

Three Rivers 

Traverse City... 

Trenton 

Vassar 

Wakefield 

Wayne 

Ypsilanti 

Zeeland 



MINNESOTA 



Albert Lea 

Alexandria 

Anoka 

Austin 

Bayport 

Beniidji 

Benson 

Blue Earth 

Brainerd. 

Breckenridge 

Brooklyn Center 

Chisholm. 

Cloquet 

Columbia Heights.. 

Crookston 

Crystal 

Detroit Lakes 

East Grand Forks. . 

Edina 

Ely 

Eveleth ___..... 

Fairmont 

Faribault 

Fergus Falls 

Fridlcy 

Glencoe 

Glenwood 

Golden Valley 

Grand Rapids 

Granite Falls 

Hastings 

Hibbing 

Hopkins 

Hutchinson 

International Falls. 

Lake City 

Le Sueur 

Litchfield 

Little Falls 

Luverne 

Mankato 

Marshall 

Montevideo 

Moorhead 

Morris 

New Ulm 

North Mankato. -- 

North St. Paul 

Northfleld 

Ortonville 

Owatorma 

Park Rapids 

Pipestone 

Proctor 

Red Wing 

Redwood Falls 

Richfield 

Robbinsdale 

St. James 

St. Louis Park 

St. Peter 



City 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



MINNESOTA— Con. 



Sauk Centre 

Sauk Rapids. 

Shakopee 

Sleepy Eye 

South St. Paul-.-. 

Springfield 

Staples..- 

Stillwater 

Thief River Falls. 

Tracy 

Two Harbors 

Virginia 

Wadena 

Waseca 

West St. Paul 

White Bear Lake. 

Willmar 

Windom 

Worthington 



MISSISSIPPI 



Aberdeen 

Amory 

Bay St. Louis.. 

Booneville 

Clarksdale 

Cleveland 

Columbia 

Corinth 

Ellisville 

Forest 

Greenwood 

Grenada 

Hazlehurst 

Indianola 

Kosciusko 

Leland 

Lexington 

Louisville 

McComb 

Moss Point 

Natchez 

Newton 

Ocean Springs- 
Oxford 

Pascagoula 

Philadelphia... 
Port Gibson... 

Tupelo 

Waynesboro. -- 

West Point 

Winona 

Yazoo City 



MISSOURI 



Aurora 

Berkeley 

Bethany 

Boonville 

Brentwood 

Brookfleld 

Butler 

California 

Cameron 

Cape Girardeau. 

Carrollton 

Carthage 

Caruthersville... 

Chaflee 

Charleston 

Chillicothe 

Clayton 

Clinton 

Crystal City 

Dexter.-- 



City 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 



MISSOURI— Con. 



Eldon 

Eldorado Springs 

Excelsior Springs 

Farmington 

Fayette 

Ferguson 

Festus 

Florissant 

Fredericktown 

Fulton---- 

Glendale 

Hannibal- - - 

Harrisonville 

Hayti 

Higginsville 

Jackson 

Jennings. 

Kennett 

Kinloch 

Kirksville 

Kirkwood 

Ladue 

Lamar 

Lebanon 

Lees Summit 

Liberty 

Louisiana 

Macon 

Maiden 

Maplewood 

Marceline 

Marshall 

Maryville 

Mexico 

Moberly 

Monett 

Nevada 

New Madrid 

North Kansas City- 

O verland 

Pagedale 

Poplar Bluff 

Portage ville. 

Richmond.. 

Richmond Heights.. 

Rock Hill 

Rolla 

St. Ann.... 

St. Charles 

Salem 

Sedalia 

Shrewsbury -- 

Slater 

SuUivan 

Trenton 

Valley Park 

Vandalia 

Warrensburg 

Washington 

Webb City 

Webster Groves 

Wellston 

West Plains 



MONTANA 



Anaconda.-. 

Bozeman 

Cut Bank.. 
Deer Lodge. 

DUlon 

Glasgow 

Glendive 

Hamilton... 

Havre 

Helena 

Kalispell 



36 

Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APR. 30, 
1953, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 



City 



MONTANA— Con. 

Laurel 

Lowistown __ 

Livingston _ 

Miles City 

Missoula. 

Roundup 

Shelby—. 

Sidney 

Whitefish 

Wolf Point ._ 

NEBRASKA 

Alliance 

Auburn 

Beatrice 

Bellevue 

Blair - 

Broken Bow 

Chadron 

Columbus 

Cozad 

Crete.... 

Fairbury 

Falls City 

Gering 

Gothenburg 

Grand Island 

Hastings... 

Holdrege 

Kearney _ 

Lexington 

McCook 

Nebraska City 

Norfolk 

North Platte 

O'Neill 

Ogallala 

Plattsmouth 

Schuyler 

Scottsblufl 

Seward 

Sidney 

South" Sioux City 

Superior 

Valentine 

Wahoo 

West Point 

York 

NEVADA 

Boulder City 

Carson City 

Elko.. 

Fly 

Las Vegas 

North Las Vegas 

Sparks 

Winnemucca 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

Berlin 

Claremont- 

Dcrry 

Dover 

Durham 

ExcUt... 

Franklin 

Hanover 

Keene 

Laconia 

Lebanon 

Littleton 

Milford 

Newport 



Number 
of pohce 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



City 



NEW HAMPSHIRE— 

Continued 

Portsmouth 

Rochester 

Somerworth 

NEW JERSEY 

Asbury Park 

Atlantic Highlands 

Audubon 

Barrington 

Belmar 

Bergenfield 

Beverly 

Bogota 

Boonton 

Borden town 

Bound Brook 

Bradley Beach 

Bridgeton 

Burlington 

Butler 

Caldwell 

Carlstadt 

Carteret 

Chatham 

Clayton 

Clemen ton 

CHfiside Park 

Closter 

Collings wood 

Cranford 

Cresskill 

Dover 

Dumont 

Dunellen 

East Paterson 

East Rutherford... 

Eatontown 

Edgewater 

Englewood 

Fair Haven 

Fair Lawn 

Fairview 

Fanwood 

Flemington 

Florence 

Fort Lee 

Franklin 

Freehold 

Garwood- 

Gibbstown 

Glassboro... 

Glen Ridge 

Glen Rock 

Gloucester City 

Guttenberg... 

Hackettstown 

Haddon Heights... 

Haddonfield.. 

Hammonton 

Harrison 

Hasbrouck Heights 

Hawthorne 

Highland Park. .. 

Highlands 

Hightstown 

Hillsdale 

Hillside 

Keansburg 

Kenilworth 

Keyport 

Lakcwood 

Lambert ville 

Leonia 

Linden wold. 

Little Ferry 

Little Silver 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



City 



NEW JERSEY— Con. 

Lodi 

Long Branch 

Lyndhurst 

Madison.. 

Manasquan 

Manville 

Margate City 

Matawan 

Maywood 

Merchantville 

Metuchen 

Middlesex 

Midland Park 

Millburn 

Milltovm 

Millville 

Morris Plains 

M orristown 

Mount Ephraim 

Neptune 

New M ilford 

New Providence 

Newton 

North Arlington 

North Haledon 

North Plainfleld 

Northfield. 

Oaklyn 

Ocean City... 

Ocenn Grove 

Oceanport 

Oradell 

Palisades Park 

Palmyra 

Paramus ^ 

Park Ridge 

Pan Isboro 

Penns Grove 

Pennsauken 

Phillipsburg 

Pitman 

Pleasantville 

Point Pleasant 

Point Pleasant Beach 

Pompton Lakes 

Princeton 

Prospect Park 

Rahway 

Ramsey 

Raritan 

Red Bank 

Ridgefield 

Ridgefield Park 

Ridgewood 

River Edge 

Riverside 

Riverton.. 

Roselle 

Roselle Park 

Rumson 

Runnemede 

Rutherford 

Salem 

Sayre ville 

Secaucus 

Somerville 

South Aniboy 

South Bound Brook.. 

South Orange 

South PlainHeld 

South River 

Sununit.. 

Tenaflv 

Toms River 

Totowa 

Union Beach 

Ventnor City... 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 



■ 37 

Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APR. 30, 
1953, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 



City 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



NEW JERSEY— Con. 

Verona 

Vineland 

Waldwick 

Wallington 

Washington 

Weehawken 

West Caldwell 

West Long Branch _ _ 

West Paterson 

Westfield 

Westville 

Westwood 

Wharton 

Wildwood 

Williamstown 

Wood Ridge 

Woodbury 

Wood-Lynne 

NEW MEXICO 

Alamogordo 

Artesia 

Belen 

Carlsbad 

Clayton 

Clovis 

Deming 

Farmington 

Gallup 

Hobbs 

Las Vegas City 

Las Vegas Towti 

Lordsburg 

Los Alamos 

Portales 

Raton 

SOver City 

Socorro 

Tucumcari 

NEW YORK 

Albion 

Amityville 

Attica 

Babylon 

Baldwinsville 

Ballston Spa 

Batavia 

Bath 

Beacon 

Blasdell 

Brockport 

Bronxville 

Canajoharie 

Canandai gua 

Canastota 

Canisteo 

Canton 

Carthage 

CalskOl 

Cobleskill 

echoes 

Cooperstown 

Corinth 

Corning 

Cortland 

Coxsackie 

Croton-on-Hudson 

Dansville 

Depew 

Dobbs Ferry 

Dolgeville _ 

Dunkirk - 

East Aurora 

East Rochester 



City 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



NEW YORK— Con. 

East Syracuse 

Ellen vDle 

Elmira Heights 

Elmsford 

Endicott 

Falconer 

Fa vette vUle 

Floral Park 

Fort Edward 

Fort Plain 

Frankfort 

Fredonia 

Freeport 

Fulton 

Garden City 

Geneseo 

Geneva 

Glen Cove 

Glens Falls 

Gloversville 

Goshen 

Gouverneur 

Gowanda 

Granville 

Green Island 

Greenport 

Hamburg 

Hamilton 

Hastings on Hudson. 

Haverstraw 

Herkimer 

Highland 

Highland Falls 

Homer 

Hoosick Falls 

Hornell 

Horseheads 

Hudson 

Hudson Falls.- 

Huntington 

Dion 

Irvington 

Islip 

Johnson City 

Johnstown 

Kenmore 

Lake Placid 

Lakewood 

Lancaster 

Larchmont 

Le Roy 

Liberty 

Lindenhurst 

Little Falls 

Liverpool 

Long Beach 

Low ville 

Lynbrook 

Lyons 

Malone 

Malverne 

Mamaroneck 

Massena 

Mechanicville 

Medina..- 

M iddletown 

Mohawk 

Monticello 

Mount Kisco 

Mount Morris.- 

New York Mills 

Newark 

North Pelham 

North Syracuse 

North Tarrytown 

North Tonawanda... 
Northport 



City 



NEW YORK- Con. 

Norwich 

Nyack 

Ogdensburg 

Olean 

Oneida 

Oneonta 

Ossining 

Oswego 

Owego 

Palmyra 

Patchogue 

PeekskUl 

Pelham Manor 

Penn Yan 

Plattsburg 

Plcasantville 

Port Chester .-. 

Port Jervis 

Potsdam 

Rensselaer 

Riverhead 

RockviUe Centre 

Rye 

Salamanca 

Saranac Lake 

Saratoga Springs 

Saugerties 

Scarsdale 

Scotia 

Seneca Falls 

Silver Creek 

Sloan 

Solvay 

South Glens Falls... 

South Nyack... 

Southampton 

Spring Valley 

Sprmg vUle 

SufEern 

Tarrytown 

Ticonderoga 

Tonawanda 

Tuckahoe 

Tupper Lake 

Walden 

Wappingers Falls 

Warsaw 

Warwick 

Waterford 

Waterloo -. 

Water vliet 

Watklns Glen 

Wellsville 

Westfleld 

Whitehall 

Whitesboro 

Yorkville 

NORTH CAROLINA 

Ahoskie 

Albermarle 

Asheboro 

Beaufort 

Belmont 

Bessemer City 

Boone 

Brevard 

Burlington 

Canton 

Chapel Hill 

Concord 

Cramerton 

Draper 

Dunn— - -- 

Edenton 

Elizabeth City 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 



38 

Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APR. 30, 
1953, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 



City 



NORTH CAROLINA 

Continued 

Elkin._ _ 

Farmville_ 

Forest City 

Qastonia 

Qoldsboro 

Graham- 

Greenville 

Hamlet 

Henderson 

Henderson ville 

Hickory 

Jacksonville 

Kings Mountain 

Kinston. 

Laurinburg. 

Leaksville 

Lenoir 

Lexington 

Lincointon 

Loulsburg 

Lumberton 

Marion 

Monroe 

Mooresvllle. -.. 

Morehead City 

Morganton 

Mount Airy.. 

Mount Olive 

Newton . - 

North Wilkesboro. . 

Oxford 

Plymouth 

Reidsville 

Roanoke Rapids 

Rockingham . . _ 

Roxboro 

Rutherford ton 

Salisbury 

Sanford 

Scotland Neck 

Selma 

Shelhv 

Siler Citv-.- 

Smithfield 

Southern Pines 

Spindale... 

Statesville 

Tarboro--. 

Thomasville 

Valdese... 

Wadesboro--. 

Wake Forest 

Washington 

Wavnesville 

Whiteville 

Williamston 

WUson 

NORTH DAKOTA 

Bismarck 

Devils Lake 

Dickinson 

Grafton 

Jamestown 

Mandan 

Minot 

Rugby 

Valley City 

Wahpeton 

Willlston 

OHIO 

Ada 

Amherst 

Ashland 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



City 



OHIO— Continued 

Ashtabula _ 

Athens 

Avon 

Avon Lake 

Barnesville _.. 

Bay 

Bedford... 

Bellaire 

Bellefontaine 

Bellevue.. 

Berea 

Bexley... 

Bowling Green 

Brecksville 

Bridgeport 

Brook Park 

Brooklyn 

Bryan 

Bucyrus 

Cadiz 

Cambridge 

Campbell 

Carey 

CarroUton 

Celina 

Chagrin Falls 

Cheviot 

Chillicothe 

Circleville 

Clyde.- 

Columbiana 

Coshocton 

Crestline 

Deer Park 

Defiance 

Delaware 

Deimison 

Dover 

East Liverpool 

East Palestine 

Eastlake 

Eaton.' 

Elmwood Place 

Fairborn 

Fairport Harbor 

Fairview Park 

Flndlay 

Fostoria 

Franklin 

Fremont 

Gallipolis 

Garfield Heights 

Geneva 

Girard 

Golf Manor 

Grand view Heights.. 

Granville 

Greenfield _ 

Greenhills 

Greenville 

Hicksville 

nillsboro 

Hubbard 

Huron.- 

Iron ton 

Jackson... 

Kent 

Kenton... 

Lancaster 

Lebanon .. 

Leetonia 

Lincoln Heights 

I/isbon 

Lockland. 

Logan . . 

Louisville 

Lyndhur.st 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



City 



OHIO— Contmued 

Madnira 

Maple Heights 

Mafiemont. ... 

Marietta 

Martins Ferry 

Marysville . ... 

Maumee.- 

Mayfield Heights 

Medina ..-. 

Miamisburg 

Middleport .. 

Minerva . . 

Mingo Junction 

Montpelier 

Mount Vernon 

Napoleon 

Nelsonville 

New Boston 

New Philadelphia... 
Newburgh Heights.. 
Newcomersto wn . . . . . 

Newton Falls.. 

Niles .. .. 

North Baltimore 

North Canton 

North College Hill... 

North Olmsted 

North Royalton 

Norwalk.. 

Oakwood 

Oberlin 

Orrville 

Ottawa 

Oxford 

Painesville 

Parma Heights . . 
Perrysburg. ...... 

Piqua 

Pomeroy 

Port Clinton... 

Ravenna .. 

Reading . 

Rittman.. . 

Rocky River . 

Rossford.. . . 

St. Bernard 

St. Clairsville 

St. Marys 

Salem 

Sebring . 

Shadvside 

Shelby 

Sidney 

Solon 

South Euclid 

Strongsville 

Struthers 

Tallraadge 

Tiffin .. 

Tipp City 

Toronto.- 

Troy 

Uhrichsville . 

University Heights. . 
Upper Arlington.. .- 

Upper Sandusky 

Urbana... 

Van Wert. 

Wadsworth. 

Waiiakoneta 

Warrciisville Heights 

Washington C. H 

Wauseon 

Wellington 

Wellston 

Wellsville 

West CarroUton 



Number 
of police' 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 



39 

Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APR. 30, 
1953, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 



City 



OHIO— Continued 

Westerville 

Westlake 

Whitehall 

Wickhffe 

Willard 

Willoughby 

Willowick 

Wilmington 

Windham 

Wooster 

Wyoming 

Xenia 

OKLAHOMA 

Ada 

Altus 

Alva 

Anadarko 

Antlers 

Ardmore 

Atoka 

Bartlesville 

Bethany 

Blaekwell 

Broken Arrow 

Chandler 

Checotah 

Cherokee 

Chickasha 

Claremore.-- 

Clinton 

Cordell 

Cashing 

Dewey _ 

Drumright _ 

Duncan 

Durant 

Edmond 

El Reno 

Elk City 

Eufaula 

Frederick , 

Guthrie 

Guymon 

Healdton 

Henryetta 

Hobart 

Holden ville 

Hollis 

Hominy 

Hugo_ 

Kingfisher 

Konawa 

Lindsay 

Madill 

Mangum _ , 

Marlow 

McAlester.- 

Miami 

Midwest City 

Nichols Hills 

Nowata 

Okmulgee 

Pawhuska 

Pawnee 

Perry 

Ponea City 

Pryor Creek 

Sallisaw 

Sapulpa 

Sayre 

Seminole 

Shawnee 

Stillwater 

Sulphur.- 

Tahlequah 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



City 



OKLAHOMA— Con. 

Tonkawa 

Vinita 

Walters 

Watonga 

Wewoka 

Woodward 

OREGON 

Albany 

Ashland_ ._ 

Astoria 

Baker 

Beaverton.._ 

Bend 

Bums 

Coos Bay 

Coquille 

Corvallis 

Dallas 

Forest Grove 

Grants Pass 

Gresham 

Hermiston 

Hillsboro 

Hood River 

Klamath Falls 

La Grande 

Lebanon 

McMinn ville 

Medford 

Milwaukie 

Newberg 

Newport _ 

North Bend,. 

Nyssa 

Ontario 

Oregon City 

Oswego 

Pendleton 

Prine vOle. 

Redmond. 

Roseburg 

St. Helens 

Silverton... 

Springfield--. 

Sweet Home 

The Dalles- -.- 

Tillamook 

West Linn 

PENNSYLVANIA 

Aldan 

Ambler 

Ambridge 

Ann ville 

Apollo 

Archbald 

Arnold 

Ashland.- - 

Ashley 

Aspinwall 

Athens 

Avalon 

Baden 

Bangor 

Barnesboro- - - 

Beaver 

Beaver Falls... 

Bedford. 

Bellefonte 

Bellevue 

Bellwood 

Bentley ville 

Berwick 

Bethel - 

BlairsvUle 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



City 



PENNSYLVANIA- 

Continued 

Blakely 

Bloomsburg 

Boyertown 

Brackenridge 

Braddock 

Brentwood _ 

Bridgeport.. 

Bridgeville.- ., 

Bristol 

Brockway 

Brookville 

BrownsvOle 

Bumham 

Butler 

California 

Camp Hill 

Canonsburg 

C arbondale . . 

Carlisle 

Carnegie... 

Castle Shannon 

C atasauqua 

Chambersburg 

Cheltenham 

Clarion 

C larks Summit 

Clearfield 

Clifton Heights 

Clymer... 

Coaldale 

Coatesville 

Collingdale 

Connellsville 

C onshohocken 

Coplay --- 

Coraopolis-- 

Corry 

Crafton 

Cresson 

Curwensville 

Dale 

Danville 

Darby 

Derry 

Dickson City 

Donora 

Dormont 

Downingtown 

Doyiestown 

Dravosburg 

Du Bois 

Dunmore 

Dupont 

Duquesne 

Duryea 

East Conemaugh 

East Lansdowne 

East Mauch Chunk 
East McKeesport... 

East Pittsburgh 

East Stroudsburg--- 

Ebensburg 

Eddystone 

Edgewood. 

E d wards ville 

Elizabeth 

Elizabethtown 

Ellwood City 

Emmaus 

Emporium 

Emsworth 

Ephrata 

Etna... 

Exeter 

FarrelL 

Ford City 



Number 
of police- 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 



40 



Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APR. 30, 
1953, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 



City 



PENN.— Con. 



Forest City 

Forest Hills 

Forty Fort 

Fountain Hill 

Franklin 

Freedom 

Freeland 

Freeport 

Galiitzin 

Gettysburg 

Girardville 

Glassport 

Glenolden 

Greencastle 

Greensburg 

Greenville 

Grove City 

Hanover 

Hanover Twp... 

Hatboro 

Hellertown 

Hollidaysburg.-- 

Homestead 

Honesdale. 

Hummelstown... 

Huntingdon 

Indiana — 

Ingram..- 

Irwin 

Jeannette 

Jenkintown 

Jermyn 

Jersey Shore 

Johnsonburg 

Kane 

Kenhorst 

Kennett Square - 

Kingston. .- 

Kittanning 

Kulpmont 

Kutztown 

Lansdale 

Lansdo wne 

Lansford 

Larks ville 

Latrobe 

Laureldale 

Leechburg 

Lehigh ton 

Lemoyne 

Lewisburg 

Lewistown 

Lititz 

Littlestown 

Lock Haven 

Luzerne- 

Lykens 

Mahanoy City.- . 

Manheim- -. 

Mansfield 

Marcus Hook 

Masontown.- . . 
Mauch Chunk... 

McAdoo 

McDonald 

McKees Rocks- . 
McSherrystown. 

Mead ville 

Mechanicsburg- 

Media 

Meyersdale 

Middletown 

Midland 

MlUersburg 

Millvale 

Milton 

MlnorsviUe 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



6 
5 

14 
4 
3 
2 
2 
8 
2 
9 
4 
2 

25 
8 
6 

11 

21 
7 
8 
4 

31 
5 
1 
6 

15 
4 
4 

15 

12 
1 
3 
4 
4 
2 
5 

18 
9 
4 
3 

12 

17 
5 
8 

13 
2 
2 
5 
4 
4 

16 
3 
1 

15 
5 
2 
6 
2 
2 
8 
3 
2 
3 
2 
16 
1 
21 
5 
10 
2 
6 
13 
3 
16 
7 
4 



City 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



PENN.— Con. 



Monaca 

Monps,sen 

Monongahela 

Montoursville 

Moosic 

Morrisvillf. _. 

Mount Carmel 

Mount Joy 

Mount Oliver 

Mount Pcnn 

M ount Pleasant 

Mount Union 

Muncy 

Munhall 

Myerstown 

Nanticoke 

Nanty Glo 

Narberth 

Nazareth 

New Cumberland . . . 

New Holland 

North Belle Vernon. 

North Braddock 

North Catasauqua... 

North East 

North Wal"s 

Northam pton 

Northumberland 

Oakmont 

Oil Citv 

Old Forge.... 

Olyphant - 

Oxford... 

Palmerton 

Palmyra 

Parkesburg 

Patton 

Pen Argyl 

Penbrook.. 

Philipsburg 

Phoenix ville 

Piteairn 

Pittston.. 

Plains 

Plymouth 

Port Allegany 

Port Carbon 

Port Vue 

Portage 

Pottstown - . 

Pottsville 

Prospect Park 

Punxsuta wney 

Quakerto wn 

Rankin 

Red Lion 

Renovo... 

Reynolds ville 

Ridgway 

Roaring Spring 

Royersford.. — 

St. Clair 

St. Marys 

Schuylkill Haven 

Scottdale 

Se wick ley 

Shaler 

Shamokin 

Sharon Hill 

Rharpsburg 

Sharpsville 

Shenandoah 

ShilUnpton 

Shippensburg 

Slatting ton 

Somerset. 

Soiiderton 



2 
10 
8 
7 
4 
1 

22 
2 
14 
2 
5 
8 
4 
1 
2 
21 
2 
3 
2 
10 
2 
7 

27 

2 

6 

5 

5 

4 

1 

2 

3 

1 

5 

14 

6 

24 

6 

19 

1 

1 

2 

2 

26 

27 

4 

13 

6 

13 

4 

2 

3 

4 

2 

3 

5 

4 

6 

6 

14 

13 

15 

6 

12 
4 

12 
4 
4 
3 
8 
3 



City 



Number 
of police' 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 



PENN.— Con. 

South Connellsville. 

South Fork 

South Greensburg-. 
South Williamsport- 

Spangler... 

Spring City... 

Springdale 

State College 

Stroudsbure 

Summit Hill 

Sunbury. 

Susquehanna 

Swarthmore 

Swissvale. 

Swoyerville 

Tamaqua 

Tarentum 

Taylor 

Throop 

Titusville 

Towanda 

TrafTord 

Trevorton 

Turtle Creek 

Tyrone 

Union City 

Uniontown 

Vandergrift 

Verona 

Warren 

Waynesboro 

Waynesburg 

Weatherly 

Wellsboro . 

Wesley ville 

West Chester 

West Hazleton 

West Homestead 

West Mifflin 

West Newton 

West Pittston 

West Reading 

West View. 

West Wyoming 

West York 

Westmont... 

Whitehall 

Wilmerding 

Wilson 

Windber.. 

Winton. 

Wyoming 

Wyomissing 

Yeadon 

Youngwood 



RHODE ISLAND 



Barrineton — 

Bristol... 

Burrillville 

Central Falls 

Cumberland- 

East Greenwich 

Johnston 

Lincoln 

North Providence 

Warren. 

West Warwick 

Westerly 



SOUTH CAROLINA 



Abbeville. 

Aiken 

Anderson. 
Andrews.. 



41 

Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APR. 30, 
1953, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 



City 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



SOUTH CAROLINA- 

Continued 

Bamberg .r. 

Batesburg 

Beaufort 

Bolton 

Bcnnettsville 

Bishopville 

Camden 

Cheraw 

Chester 

Clinton 

Clover 

Conway 

Darlington 

Denmark 

Easley 

Florence 

Fort Mill 

Gaffney 

Georgetown 

Great Falls 

Greenwood 

Greer 

Honea Path 

Kingstree 

Lake City 

Lancaster 

Laurens 

Manning 

Marion 

McColl 

MullLns 

Myrtle Beach_. 

Newberry 

Orangeburg 

Rock Hill 

Seneca 

Summerville 

Sumter 

Union 

Walhalla 

Williamston 

York 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

Aberdeen 

Belle Fourche 

Brookings 

Canton 

Deadwood 

Hot Springs 

Huron 

Lead 

Lemmon 

Madison 

Mitchell -■ 

Mobridge 

Pierre 

Redfield 

Sisseton 

Spearfish 

Sturgis 

Vermillion 

Watertown. 

Webster 

Winner 

TENNESSEE 

Alcoa 

Belle Meade 

Bristol.,- 

Brownsville 

Clarksv ille 

Cleveland 

Clinton 

Columbia 



City 



TENNESSEE— Con. 

Cookeville 

Covington 

Dayton 

Dickson 

Dyersburg 

Elizabeth ton 

Etowah 

Fayetteville 

Franklin 

Gallatin 

Greeneville 

Harriman 

Henderson 

Humboldt 

JefTerson C ity 

Kingsport 

Lawrenceburg 

Lebanon 

Lenoir City 

Lewisburg 

Lexington 

Loudon -. 

Maryville 

McKenzie 

McMiimville 

Milan 

Morristown 

Mount Pleasant 

M urfreesboro 

Newport 

Paris 

Pulaski- 

Ripley 

Rockwood-- --. 

Rogersville 

Shelby ville 

South Pittsburg 

Sparta 

Sweetwater 

Tullahoma 

Union City 

Winchester- - 

TEXAS 

Alamo 

Alamo Heights 

Alice 

Alvin -_- 

Andrews — --- 

Aransas Pass 

Arlington 

Athens 

Atlanta 

Ballinger 

Bastrop 

Bay City.- 

Baytown 

Beeville 

Belton 

Benavides 

Big Spring 

Bonham.- 

Borger 

Bowie - 

Brady 

Breckenridge 

Brownfleld 

Brown wood 

Bryan--- _. 

Burkburnett _. 

Canadian 

Canyon 

Carrizo Springs 

Carthage .. 

Center 

Childress 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



City 



TEXAS— Continued 

Cisco 

Clarendon 

Cleburne -. 

Cleveland 

Coleman--. 

College Station 

Colorado City 

Columbus 

Comanche 

Commerce 

Conroe 

Corsicana 

Crockett 

Crystal City 

Cuero 

Dalhart 

Decatur - 

Del Rio - 

Denison 

Denton 

Dublin 

Dumas 

Eagle Lake 

Eastland 

Edinburg 

Edna 

El Campo . -. 

Electra--- - 

Elgin — -. 

Falfurrias 

Fort Stockton 

Fredericksburg 

Freeport-. 

Gainesville 

Galena Park 

Garland 

Gatesville 

Georgetown . . 

Giddings 

Gilmer 

Glade water 

Gonzales _ 

Graham 

Grand Prairie 

Greenville 

Hamlin 

Harlingen 

Haskell 

Hearne 

Henderson 

Henrietta 

Hereford-- 

Highland Park 

Hondo 

Hunts ville 

Irving 

Jacksboro 

Jacksonville-- . 

Jasper 

Kaufman 

Kenedy 

Kermit 

Kilgore--- 

Killeen.. 

King.sville 

Lake Jackson 

Lampasas 

Lancaster 

Levelland 

Liberty 

Littlefield 

Livingston.- ._. 

Llano 

Longview 

Lufkin 

Luling 

Marfa 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 



42 



Table 14.— NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APR. 30, 
1953, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 



City 



TEXAS— Continued 

Maiiin ._ 

Marshall-- -- 

MrAllen 

McCamey 

McKinney 

Memphis 

Mercedes -- 

Mexia 

Midland 

Mineola 

Mineral Wells - 

Mission 

Monahans 

Mount Pleasant 

Nacogdoches 

Navasota 

Nederland 

New Boston 

New Braunfels 

Nocona 

Olney 

Orange 

Palacios -- 

Palestine 

Pampa.- 

Paris 

Pasadena 

Pearsall 

Pecos 

Perryton 

Pharr 

Plainview 

Port Lavaca 

Premont 

Quanah 

Ranger 

Raymond ville 

Robstown 

Rosenberg 

Rotan 

Rusk 

San Augustine 

San Benito 

San Juan 

San Marcos 

Seminole 

Seymour 

Shamrock 

Sherman 

Slaton 

Smithville 

Snyder 

South Houston 

Stamford 

Stephen ville 

Sulphur Springs 

Sweetwater 

Tahoka 

Taylor - 

Teague 

Terrell 

Texarkana 

Tulla.. 

I'nlversity Park 

Uvalde 

Vernon 

Victoria 

Waxahachle- 

Weatherford-- 

Weslaco 

W. University Place.. 

Winnsboro 

Yoakum 

Yorktown 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



City 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



UTAH 

American Fork. . . 
Bingham Canyon 

Bountiful. -. 

Brigham 

Cedar City 

Clearfield 

Heber 

Helper 

Layton 

Lehi -. 

Logan 

Midvale 

Murray 

Nephi 

Orem - 

Payson 

Pleasant Orove.. 

Price 

Richfield 

Roy 

St. George 

South Ogden 

South Salt Lake. 

Spanish Fork 

Spring ville 

Tooele 

Vernal 

VERMONT 

Barre 

Bellows Falls 

Bennington 

Brattleboro 

Essex Junction... 

Middlebury 

Montpelier 

Newport 

Rutland 

St. Albans 

St. Johnsbury 

Springfield 

Waterbury 

Windsor --. 

Winooski 

VIRGINIA 

Abingdon 

AltaVista. -.. 

Appalachia 

Bassetts 

Bedford 

Big Stone Gap 

Blacksburg 

Blackstone 

Bristol 

Buena Vista 

Chase City 

Chincoteague 

Christiansburg.- 

Clifton Forge 

Colonial Heights. 

Covington 

Culpeper 

Emporia 

Falls Church 

Farmville 

Franklin 

Fredericksburg. . 

Front Royal 

Galax 

Harrisonburg 



City 



VIRGINIA— Con. 

Hopewell 

Lexington. .-. 

Luray 

Marion 

M artins ville 

Norton 

Orange 

Pulaski 

Radford.. 

Richlands 

Salem 

SaltvUle 

South Boston 

South Norfolk 

Staunton 

Suffolk 

Vinton 

Virginia Beach 

Waynesboro 

W illiamsburg 

Winchester 

WASHINGTON 

Aberdeen - 

Anacortes 

Auburn 

Buckley 

Camas 

Centralia 

Chehalis 

Cheney 

Clarkston 

Colfax 

Colville 

Dayton.. 

EUensburg... 

Enumclaw 

Ephrata..- 

Grand Coulee 

Grand view. 

Hoquiam 

Kelso 

Kennewick 

Kent 

Kirkland. 

Longview — 

Medical Lake 

Moses Lake 

Mount Vernon 

Navy Y^ard, Bremer 

ton. 

Olympia... 

Omak 

Pasco 

Port Angeles... 

Port Townsend 

Prosser 

Pullman 

Puyallup--. 

Raymond 

Renton 

Richland 

Sedro Woolley 

Shelton. 

Snohomish 

Sumner 

Sunnyslde 

Toppenish 

Tumwater 

Walla Walla 

Wapato 

Wenatchee 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 



43 



Table 14 —NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, APR. 30, 
1953, CITIES WITH POPULATION FROM 2,500 TO 25,000— Con. 



City 



WEST VIRGINIA 



Beckley 

Benwood 

Bluefleld 

Buckhannon 

Charles Town 

Chesapeake. 

Chester 

Dunbar 

Elkins 

Follansbee 

Grafton 

Hinton 

Kenova 

Keyser 

Keystone 

Logan 

Mannington 

Marmet 

Martinsburg-.- -_, 

McMechen 

MoundsvUle 

Mullens 

New Martlnsvllle- 

Nitro... - 

Oak Hill 

Paden City 

Phillppi 

Piedmont 

Point Pleasant — 

Princeton 

Rich wood 

South Charleston- 
Vienna 

War 

•Weirton 

Wellsburg 

SVeston 

*.Vestover 

AVilliamson 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



WISCONSIN 



Algoma 

, Antigo 

Ashland 

Baraboo 

Beaver Dam 

Berlin 

Black River Falls. 
Bloomer 



City 



WISCONSIN— Con. 



Burlington 

Cedarburg 

Chippewa Falls 

Clinton ville 

Columbus 

Cudahy 

De Pere 

Delavan 

Dodgeville 

Edgerton 

Elkhom 

Evansville 

Fort Atkinson 

Fo.x Point 

Greendale 

Hartford 

Horieon 

Hudson 

Hurley 

Janesville 

Jefferson 

Kaukauna 

Kewaunee 

Kimberly 

Ladysmith 

Lake Geneva 

Lake Mills 

Lancaster 

Little Chute 

^farinette 

Marshfield 

Mauston 

Mayville 

Medford 

Menasha 

Menomonie 

Merrill 

Monona 

Monroe 

Neenah 

Neillsville 

New Richmond. -- 

Oconomowoc 

Oconto 

Park Falls 

Platte ville 

Plymouth 

Port Washington - 

Portage 

Prairie Du Chien. 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment 
employees 



City 



WISCONSIN— Con. 



Reedsburg 

Rhinelander 

Rice Lake 

Richland Center. _. 

Ripon 

River Falls 

Sha,wano 

Sheboygan Falls. . . 

Shorewood 

South Milwaukee.. 

Sparta 

Spooner 

Stevens Point 

Stoughton 

Sturgeon Bay 

Tomah 

Tomahawk 

Two Rivers 

Viroqua 

Watertovm 

Waukesha 

Waupaca 

Waupun 

West Bend 

West Milwaukee. - 

Whitefish Bay 

Whitewater 

Wisconsin Rapids. 



Number 
of police 
depart- 
ment em- 
ployees 



WYOMING 

Buflalo 

Casper 

Cody 

Douglas 

Evanston 

Green River 

Lander 

Laramie 

Lovell 

Newcastle -- 

Powell 

Rawlins 

Riverton 

Rock Springs 

Sheridan 

Thermopolis 

Torrington 

Worland 



6 

14 

7 

7 

6 

3 

7 

3 

24 

19 

8 

4 

20 

6 

9 

6 

4 

15 
6 
16 
33 
5 
6 
7 

16 
28 



4 
27 
5 
3 
4 
4 
4 
16 
4 
3 
4 
10 
6 
10 
12 
3 
6 
6 



OFFENSES CLEARED AND PERSONS ARRESTED 

Offenses Cleared by Arrest, 1952 

Police cleared by arrest 1 out of 4 reported crimes in 1952. In 
some categories the proportion cleared was high, 9 out of 10 homicides 
for example, but the clearance rate for all offenses as a group is held 
down by the large number of larcenies. Only 1 out of 5 larcenies 
was cleared and more larcenies are reported than all the other Part I 
offenses combined. Excluding larcenies, the police cleared 1 out of 
2.9 of the remaining more serious crimes. 

The clearance rate for crimes against the person is noticeably 
higher than for crimes against property. This is not altogether 
attributable to the fact that the offender is usually observed by the 
victim, for the highest percentage of crimes cleared is for murder and 
in these cases the best witness is deceased. The concentration of 
police effort on these more vicious crimes is an important contributing 
factor to the success reflected in clearances ranging from 75.0 percent 
for aggravated assaults to 93.1 percent for murders. Over 78 percent 
of the rape offenses and 87.5 percent of the negligent manslaughters 
were cleared by arrest. The negligent manslaughters to a large extent 
represent traffic victims. 

Crimes against property were cleared at the rate of 23 per 100 
offenses with 18 persons being arrested and charged. Thirty-six 
percent of the robberies were cleared. Almost 27 percent of the 
burglaries and nearly 26 percent of the auto thefts were cleared in 
1952. Larceny clearances were less than 20 percent. 

Police departments in 1,706 cities, representing a combined popu- 
lation of 61.6 million, reported 275,273 clearances by arrest out of 
the 1,053,984 known Part I offenses. These clearances resulted from 
the arrest and charging of 217,191 persons. 

Generally, an offense is cleared by arrest when at least one of the 
perpetrators of the crime is identified with the crime and is arrested 
and charged although there are certain technical exceptions. The 
number of persons charged does not indicate the number of offenses 
cleared since the latter term pertains to offenses known as distin- 
guished from individuals arrested. In addition, several persons may 
be arrested and charged with the commission of only one crime, 
such as a gang arrested in a warehouse burglary. Also, the arrest of 
a lone bandit and his identification with 5 armed robberies would 
clear 5 offenses. 

(44) 



45 




61,592,916 POPULATION 

Kl CHARTI 

Figure 3. 



46 



Table 15.— OFFENSES KNOWN, CLEARED BY ARREST, AND PERSONS 
CHARGED (HELD FOR PROSECUTION), 1952, BY POPULATION 
GROUPS, NUMBER PER 100 KNOWN OFFENSES 

[Population figures from 1950 decennial census] 



Population group 



TOTAL, GROUPS I-VI 

1,706 cities; total population, 61,592- 
916: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Persons charged 

GROUP I 

31 cities over 250,000; total popula- 
tion, 27,861,794: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Persons charged. 

GROUP 11 

51 cities, 100,000 to 250,000; total popu- 
lation, 7,361,057: 

Offenses known 

OffeJises cleared by arrest 

Persons charged 

GROUP III 

97 cities, 50,000 to 100,000; total popu- 
lation, 6,859,727: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Persons charged... 

ORG UP IV 

194 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; total popu- 
lation, 6,810,619: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Persons charged. 

GROUP V 

523 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; total popu- 
lation, 8,086,433: 

Offenses known.. 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Persons charged 

GROUP VI 

810 cities under 10,000; total popula- 
tion, 4,613,286: 

Offenses known 

Offenses cleared by arrest 

Persons charged. 



Criminal homi- 


cide 


Mur- 




der, 


Man- 


nonneg- 


slaugh- 


ligent 


ter by 


man- 


negli- 


slaugh- 


gence 


ter 





100.0 
93.1 
93.8 



100.0 
92.6 
92.9 



100.0 
93.7 



100.0 
94.3 
100.0 



100.0 
95.8 
102.5 



100. 
92.3 
90.1 



100.0 
92.3 
80.0 



100.0 
87.5 



100.0 
85.1 
87.1 



100. 
91.9 
86.5 



100.0 
87.1 
74.3 



100.0 
86.9 
82.6 



100.0 
96.4 
106.6 



100.0 
89.4 
95.3 



Rape 



100.0 
78.2 
75.4 



100.0 
76.8 
71.7 



100.0 

78.2 
75.5 



100.0 
76.3 
72.5 



100.0 
84.9 
86.0 



100.0 
82.2 
92.1 



100.0 
85.4 
91.6 



Rob- 
bery 



100.0 
36.0 
36.2 



100.0 
34.3 
32.9 



100.0 
39.9 

42.7 



100.0 
38.4 
43.3 



100.0 
43.7 
51.1 



100.0 
44.1 
52.9 



100.0 
47.4 
51.8 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



100.0 
75.0 
61.7 



100.0 
71.1 
52.5 



100.0 
72.1 
57.6 



100.0 
85.5 
82.9 



100.0 
85.9 
87.1 



100.0 
90.6 
94.4 



100.0 
85.5 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



100.0 
26.7 
19.4 



100.0 
23.9 
16.5 



100.0 
28.8 
18.5 



100.0 
27.7 
19.2 



100.0 
32.1 
26.5 



100.0 
29.7 
24.0 



100.0 
36.6 
33.9 



Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 



100.0 
19.8 
15.0 



100.0 
19.5 

14.7 



100.0 
20.9 
13.9 



100.0 
18.1 
14.8 



100.0 
19.6 
15.6 



100. 
19.2 
14.6 



100.0 
25.9 
20.1 



The above table shows by city groups, the number of offenses 
cleared and the number of persons charged for each 100 offenses 
known, as reported by police in 1,706 cities. The actual figures 
reported as to offenses and clearances, arranged by geographic location, 
appear in the following table. 



47 




Figure 4. 



48 

Table 16.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN, NUMBER AND PER- 
CENTAGE CLEARED BY ARREST, 1952, BY GEOGRAPHIC 
DIVISIONS 



[Population figures from 1950 decennial census] 





Criminal homi- 
















cide 


























Bur- 
glary— 














Geographic division 


Mur- 
der, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 


Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 


Rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 


Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 


Auto 
theft 


TOTAL, All DIVISIONS 


















1,706 cities; total population. 


















61,592,916: 


















Number of offenses known 


3.123 


2,106 


7,242 


37, 755 


51,677 


242, 883 


595, 301 


113, 892 


Number cleared by arrest 


2,908 


1,842 


5,661 


13, 581 


38, 748 


64, 868 


118, 123 


29,542 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


93.1 


87.5 


78.2 


36.0 


75.0 


26.7 


19.8 


25.9 


New England States: 


















141 cities; total population, 


















5.122,763: 


















Number of offenses known . . _ 


58 


177 


274 


654 


641 


12. 025 


30. 763 


6,000 


Number cleared by arrest 


51 


166 


255 


328 


571 


4.204 


7.791 


1 963 


Percentage cleared by arrest- 


87.9 


93.8 


93.1 


50.2 


89.1 


35.0 


25.3 


32.7 


Middle Atlantic States: 


















391 cities; total population. 


















16,452,118: 


















Number of offenses known . _ _ 


489 


549 


1,731 


10, 442 


10, 884 


63, 922 


118, 776 


21, 214 


Number cleared by arrest 


421 


475 


1.330 


2,734 


7,173 


11,519 


16, 318 


4,518 


Percentage cleared by arrest. 


86.1 


86.5 


76.8 


26.2 


65.9 


18.0 


13.7 


31.3 


East North Central States: 


















437 cities; total population. 


















16,410,141: 


















Number of oflenses known . . . 


792 


468 


2,197 


12, 518 


12. 529 


53. 447 


155. 327 


28,068 


Number cleared by arrest 


743 


404 


1,681 


4,789 


9.353 


17.536 


35, 030 


8,790 


Percentage cleared by arrest- 


93.8 


86.3 


76.5 


38.3 


74.7 


32.8 


22.6 


31.3 


West North Central States: 


















186 cities; total population. 


















5,263,126: 


















Number of offenses known . _ _ 


234 


112 


549 


2,699 


3,542 


18, 134 


49,904 


8,706 


Number cleared by arrest 


217 


101 


415 


1,085 


2,448 


4,821 


9,693 


2,474 


Percentage cleared by arrest. 


92.7 


90.2 


75.6 


40.2 


69.1 


26.6 


19.4 


28.4 


South Atlantic States: ' 


















152 cities; total population. 


















5,945,216: 


















Number of offenses known . 


661 


263 


835 


3. 586 


15, 959 


30. 144 


66, 555 


16,485 


Number cleared by arrest 


626 


253 


701 


1.734 


13.050 


10. 066 


18. 055 


3.760 


Percentage cleared by arrest . 


94.7 


96.2 


84.0 


48.4 


81.8 


33.4 


27.1 


22.8 


East South Central States: 


















51 cities; total population. 


















1,775,538: 


















Number of oflenses known. _ 


213 


94 


202 


1,051 


2, 055 


8,497 


14, 173 


4.299 


Number cleared by arrest 


204 


86 


171 


323 


1,516 


1,953 


2,944 


944 


Percentage cleared by arrest 


95.8 


91.5 


84.7 


30.7 


73.8 


23.0 


20.8 


22.0 


West South Central States: 


















83 cities; total population. 


















3,887,462: 


















Number of offenses known . 


455 


179 


541 


1,936 


3,582 


20,532 


46.733 


11. 162 


Number cleared by arrest 


443 


173 


441 


823 


2,860 


5,720 


10,608 


2,826 


Percentage cleared by arrest. 


97.4 


96.6 


81.5 


42.5 


79.8 


27.9 


22.7 


25.3 


Mountain States: 


















76 cities; total population, 
1,596,632: 
Number of offenses known... 


















57 


38 


183 


971 


585 


8,367 


26. 392 


3.803 


Number cleared by arrest 


55 


25 


130 


442 


420 


2,506 


5,003 


1.051 


Percentage cleared by arrest. 
Pacific States: 

189 cities; total population, 


96.5 


65.8 


71.0 


45.5 


71.8 


30.0 


19.0 


27.6 


















5,139,920: 


















Number of offenses known . . 


164 


226 


730 


3,898 


1,900 


27.820 


86, 678 


14. 155 


Number cleared by arrest 


148 


159 


537 


1,323 


1.357 


6, 543 12. 681 


3.216 


Percentage cleared by arrest. 


90.2 


70.4 


73.6 


33.9 


71.4 


23.5 


14.6 


22.7 



' Includes the District of Columbia. 



49 

Persons Charged, 1952 

During 1952, 1 out of 24 persons was arrested and charged by city 
police for some violation more serious than traffic. For traffic viola- 
tions, 1 out of 4 persons was formally charged according to the reports 
of 1,706 cities having a combined population of 61.6 million. 

Generally, the larger cities report more persons arrested and 
charged per unit of population, but in 1952, there were more persons 
arrested and charged per imit of population m the smallest city group 
for drunken driving and dealing in stolen property. 

Cities over 250,000 in population were lowest in the rate of persons 
charged for forger}^, liquor law violations, driving while intoxicated, 
and drunkenness. 

The basis of scoring data concerning persons charged is the number 
of persons and not the number of charges placed against a person. 
Questionnaires collected with the reports aid in obtaining uniformity 
in the compilation of these data. Of the 1,706 reports used, only 4.7 
percent were based on the number of charges placed rather than the 
number of persons charged. In addition, letters were written to 829 
or 48.6 percent of these police departments concerning the data in- 
cluded in the annual reports. 

As indicated above, one person may be arrested and charged for 
the commission of several offenses or several persons involved in one 
crime may be arrested and charged. Accordingly, the number of 
persons charged will not agree with the number of offenses cleared 
by arrest. 

Juvenile offenders arrested and charged by the police are included 
in the accompanying data and over 91 percent of the 1,706 police 
departments reported that all or some juveniles were represented in 
the entries. Of these, over 93 percent included all juveniles. Of the 
returns reporting juveniles, 98.9 percent included juvenile arrests 
opposite the classification indicating the crime committed, such as 
robbery, burglary, etc., even though some technical charge such as 
"juvenile delinquent" may have been placed against the offender. 

Only 17 departments reported juvenile arrests opposite "all other 
offenses" rather than the classification indicating the nature of the 
offense committed. 



50 



Table 17.— PERSONS CHARGED (HELD FOR PROSECUTION), 1952, 
NUMBER AND RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS, BY POPULATION 
GROUPS 

[Population figures from 1950 decennial census] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL 



1,706 
cities; 
total 
popula- 
tion, 
61,592,916 



Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonneg- 

ligent manslaughter: 
Number of persons 

charged 

Rate per 100,000 

(b) Manslaughter by neg- 

ligence: 
Number of persons 

charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Robbery: 

Number of persons 

charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Aggravated assault: 

Number of persons 

charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Other assaults: 

Number of persons 

charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Burglary — breaking or enter- 
ing: 
Number of persons 

charged 

Rate perlOO.OOO 

Larceny — theft: 

Number of persons 

charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Auto theft: 

Number of persons 

charged ._ 

Rate per 100,000 

Embezzlement and fraud: 
Number of persons 

charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Stolen property; buying, re- 
ceiving, possessing: 
Number of persons 

charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Forgery and counterfeiting: 
Number of persons 

charged-- 

Rate per 100,000 

Rape: 

Number of persons 

charged 

Rate per 100,000 

Prostitution and commercial- 
ized vice: 
Number of persons 

charged 

Rate per 100,000 .._. 

Sex offenses (except rape and 
prostitution) : 
Number of persons 

charged -. 

Rate per 100,000 

Narcotic drug laws: 

Number of persons 

charged 

Rate per 100,000 



2,929 
4.76 



1,824 
2 



13, 653 
22.2 



31, 865 
51.7 



1 91, 072 
147.9 



47, 018 
76.3 



89, 028 
144.5 



25, 415 
41.3 



14, 609 
23.7 



3 4, 497 
7.3 



9,185 
14.9 



5,459 
8 



28,094 
45.6 



21, 102 
34.3 



10,218 
16 



Group I 



31 cities 
over 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

27,861,794 



1,740 
6.25 



949 
3.41 



9,390 
33.7 



17, 554 
63.0 



35, 344 
126.9 



21, 997 
79.0 



40. 258 
144.5 



12, 90 
46.3 



7,126 
25.6 



2,338 
8.4 



3,512 
12.6 



3, 365 
12.08 



17,895 
64.2 



9,429 
33.8 



8, 022 
28.8 



Group II 



51 cities, 
100,000 

to 
250,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
7,361,057 



362 
4.92 



268 
3.64 



1,409 
19.1 



3.330 
45.2 



15, 578 
211.6 



5,948 
80.8 



11,716 
159.2 



3, 335 
4,5.3 



2,783 
37.8 



533 
7.2 



1,280 
17.4 



530 
7.20 



4,638 

as.o 



3, 44S 
46.8 



Group III 



Group IV 



97 cities, 
,50,000 to 
100,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
6,859,727 



194 cities, 
25,000 to 
,50,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
6,810,619 



279 
4.07 



185 
2.70 



1,027 
15.0 



4,431 
64.6 



12, 027 
175.3 



4,674 
68.1 



10, 198 
148.7 



2,297 
33.5 



1.229 
17.9 



309 
4.5 



1,228 
17.9 



406 
5.92 



3,234 
47.1 



2,305 
33.6 



631 
9.2 



523 cities, 
10,000 to 
25,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
8,086,433 



Group V 



244 
3.58 



794 
11.7 



2,570 
37.7 



10, 940 
160.6 



5,513 
80.9 



10,501 
154.2 



2,558 
37.6 



1.581 
23.2 



391 

5.7 



1,079 
15.8 



1,436 
21.1 



2,982 
43.8 



308 
4.5 



200 
2.47 



146 
1.81 



2,824 
34.9 



2 11,619 
143.9 



5,191 
64.2 



10,395 
128.5 



2,640 
32.6 



1.186 
14.7 



530 
6.6 



1,349 
16.7 



475 
5.87 



541 
6.7 



2,092 
25.9 



243 
3.0 



See footnotes at end of table. 



51 

Table 17.— PERSONS CHARGED (HELD FOR PROSECUTION), 1952, 
NUMBER AND RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS, BY POPULATION 
GROUPS— Continued 

[Population figures from 1950 decennial census] 





TOTAL 


Group I 


Group II 


Group III 


Group IV 


Group V 


Group VI 


Offense charged 


1,706 
cities; 
total 
popula- 
tion, 
61,592,916 


31 cities 
over 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

27,861,794 


51 cities, 
100,000 

to 
250,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
7,361,057 


97 cities, 
50,000 to 
100,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
6,859,727 


194 cities, 

25,000 to 
50,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

6,810,619 


523 cities, 
10,000 to 
25,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
8,086,433 


810 cities 
under 
10,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

4,613,286 


Weapons; carrying, possess- 
ing, et,c.: 
Number of persons 

charged _ 

Rate per 100,000 . 


16, 933 
27.5 

6 32, 239 
52.4 

' 40, 051 
65.0 

» 112, 770 
186.4 

13 16,336,957 
28,393.4 

328, 639 
533.6 

1,114,932 
1,810.2 

114,048 
185.2 

86, 258 
140,0 

2» 298, 083 
484.1 


8,805 
31.6 

14, 368 
51.6 

12, 320 
44.2 

I" 28, 695 
106.6 

14 5,953,628 
23, 755. 1 

168, 618 
605.2 

465, 856 
1,636.1 

51, 225 
183.9 

62, 241 
223.4 

151, 848 
545.0 


1,996 
27.1 

4,096 
55.6 

7,169 
97.4 

11 15,411 
213.0 

15 2,803,354 
41, 832. 5 

36, 433 
494.9 

181,315 
2, 463. 2 

24, 931 
338.7 

8,999 
122.3 

28,255 
383.8 


2,145 
31.3 

4,733 
69.0 

6,881 
100.3 

16,937 
246.9 

18 2,252,951 
33, 867. 9 

36, 334 
529. 7 

140, 003 
2, 040. 9 

13,294 
193.8 

5,874 
85.6 

32, 778 
477.8 


1,694 
24.9 

3,901 
57.3 

4,626 
67.9 

IS, 476 
227.2 

■"2,100,882 
31, 480. 8 

29,824 
437.9 

120, 055 
1,762.8 

9,877 
145.0 

4,115 
60.4 

35, 265 
517.8 


1,435 
17.7 

« 3, 714 
46.1 

5,594 
69.2 

12 21,314 
264.3 

18 2,179,088 
27, 438. 9 

33, 809 
418.1 

135, 088 
1,670.6 

8,669 
107.2 

3,112 
38.5 

21 33, 077 
409.9 


858 
18.6 


Offenses against family and 
children: 
Number of personscharged. 
Rate per 100,000 


1,427 
30.9 


Liquor laws: 

Number of persons charged. 
Rate per 100,000 


8 3, 461 
75.1 


Driving while intoxicated: 
Number of personscharged. 
Rate per 100,000 


14,937 
323. 8 


Traffic and motor vehicle laws: 
Number o f persons charged . 
Rate per 100,000. . 


19 1,047,054 
23, 233. 5 


Disorderly conduct: 

Number o f persons charged . 
Rate per 100,000 - - . . 


23, 621 
512.0 


Drunkenness: 

Number of persons charged . 
Rate per 100,000 .- 


82,615 
1, 790. 8 


Vagrancy: 

Number of persons charged . 
Rate per 100,000 


6,052 
131.2 


Gambling: 

Number of personscharged. 
Rate per 100,000 


1,912 
41.4 


AH other offenses: 

Number f persons charged . 
Rate per 100,000 _ 


22 16, 860 
366.0 







Footnotes 1-22: The number of persons charged and the rate are based on the reports from the number of 
cities indicated below: 



Footnote 


Cities 


Population 


Footnote 


Cities 


Population 


1 


1,705 

522 
1,705 

809 
1,704 

521 
1,705 

809 

1,703 

30 

50 


61,580,343 

8, 073, 860 
61,582,962 

4, 603, 332 
61,562,841 

8, 056, 358 
61,585,740 

4,606,110 
60, 497, 343 
26,912,086 

7, 236, 288 


12 


522 

1,665 

29 

46 

94 

190 

514 

792 

1,704 

522 

809 


8,065 337 


2 


13 

14 

15 

16 


57, 537, 854 


3 


25,062,518 
6, 701 386 


4 


5 - 


6, 652, 173 


6 


17 

18 - 


6 673 529 


7 


7,941,591 


8 


19 

20 


4, 506, 657 


9 


61,568,959 


10 


21 


8, 069, 510 


11 - 


22 


4, 606, 252 



Traffic and motor vehicle law violations other than driving while 
intoxicated were not separately reported by all cities represented in 
Table 17. Separate figures were available in the reports of 1,405 of 
these cities for (1) violations of road and driving laws, considered as 
moving violations, (2) parking violations, and (3) other traffic and 
motor vehicle law violations excluding driving while intoxicated. 
These figures are presented in Table 18. 



62 



Table 18— PERSONS CHARGED (HELD FOR PROSECUTION), TRAFFIC 
VIOLATIONS, EXCEPT DRIVING WHILE INTOXICATED, 1952; 
NUMBER AND RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS, BY POPULATION 
GROUPS 

[Population figures from 1950 decennial census] 





Total 


Group I 


Group II 


Group III 


Group IV 


Group V 


GroupVI 


Offense charged 
I 


1,405 
cities; 
total pop- 
ulation, 
49,651,356 


23 cities 
over 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

22,076,962 


39 cities, 
100,000 to 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
5,788,516 


84 cities, 
50,000 to 
100,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
5,862,869 


160 cities, 
25,000 to 
50,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
5,602,424 


404 cities, 
10,000 to 
25,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
6,349,849 


695 cities 
under 
10,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

3,970,736 


Road and driving laws: 

Number of persons charged . 
Rate per 100,000 


2,517,318 
5, 070. 

11, 073, 156 
22, 301. 8 

638, 151 
1, 285. 3 


1,331,590 
6,031.6 

3,521.411 
15,950.6 

328, 323 
1, 487. 2 


296,407 
5, 120. 6 

1,961,089 
33, 879. 

75, 179 
1, 298. 8 


284, 116 
4, 846. 

1, 704, 070 
29, 065. 5 

72.270 
1, 232. 7 


203, 397 
3,630.5 

1. 538, 658 
27, 464. 1 

48. 712 
869.5 


242, 687 
3,821.9 

1, 586, 943 
24,991.8 

67.295 
1,059.8 


159, 121 
4,007 3 


Parking violations: 

Number of persons charged. 
Rate per 100,000 


760, 985 
19, 164. 8 


Other traffic and motor vehicle 
laws: 
Number of persons charged _ 
Rate per 100,000 


46, 372 
1, 167. 8 







Stepped-up police activity responded to the 8.1 percent city crime 
increase in 1952.^ A comparison of the number of persons charged 
in 1951 and 1952 in terms of units of general population with the 1952 
city crime trends reflects certain close correlations. 

A rise of 8.5 ^ percent in city murders was accompanied by a 3.7 
percent increase in persons charged. Robberies increased 11.2 per- 
cent and the police charged 12.1 percent more persons in this category. 
Negligent manslaughters (mostly traffic deaths) rose 6.2 percent and 
13.0 percent more persons were charged. Aggravated assaults oc- 
curred with 12.5 percent greater frequency and police arrested and 
charged 9.8 percent more persons. The larceny classification was 
the exception with 4.2 percent less persons charged during a time of 
7.1 percent increase in this crime. 

A study of crime figures arranged by geographic areas indicates 
that the number of persons charged corresponds generally ^\^th the 
incidence of crime. Police in areas having consistently high crime 
rates arrest and charge more persons per unit of population than do 
the police in the more crime free areas. For this obvious reason, 
police in a given jurisdiction find it significant to compare their local 
crime data with the averages presented for their particular geo- 
graphic area. In addition, it should be noted that laws and local 
customs affecting the placing of charges against arrested persons vary 
greatly between the sections of the country. 

Figures from the 1,706 cities presented in the foregoing tabulations 
of this section are arranged in the following table by geographic 
divisions along with the number of persons charged in terms of units 
of 100,000 population. 

> Uniform Crime Reports, Annual Bulletin, 1952, Volume XXIII, No. 2. 



53 






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56 



PERSONS FOUND GUILTY 

(PERCENT OF PERSONS CHARGED -PART 1 OFFENSES) 
CALENDAR YEAR 1952 

CRIMES AGAINST THE PERSON 




MURDER 



55.5% 

1,394 Charged 



NEGLIGENT 38.5% 

MANSLAUGHTER 728 

Charged 



RAPE 



56.6% 

2,189 Charged 



AGGRAVATED 
ASSAULT 



50.3% 

14,628 Charged 



208 Cities Over 25,000 InhabiUnts Total Population 25,102,123 



FBI 
CHART 



Figure 5. 

Persons Found Guilty, 1952 

Seventy percent of the persons charged with major (Part I) crime 
by the poHce were fomid guilty in 1952. Almost 67 percent of thos 
charged with Part II crimes were convicted. Eliminating traffic vie 
lations, other than driving while intoxicated, 71 percent of all per>()ii 
charged were found guilty. 

Convictions were returned against over four-fifths (88.0 percent) c 
the persons charged with driving while intoxicated during 1952. Thi 



57 

represented the highest conviction rate in any crime classification, 
and a driver neghgently causing the death of a person has 5 times 
more chance of going free if charged with manslaughter by negligence 
than an individual charged with driving while intoxicated. 

The smallest percentage of convictions (38.5) for any crime class 
was recorded for persons charged with manslaughter by negligence. 
The second lowest rate of convictions was in aggravated assaults 
(50.3 percent found guilty). Although only 23.0 percent of the lar- 
cenies and 34.8 percent of the burglaries were cleared by arrest, 76.1 
percent of the persons charged with larceny and 77.6 percent of those 
charged with burglary were found guilty. Other than driving while 
intoxicated only forgery and counterfeiting (81.1 percent guilty) and 
liquor law violations (81.1 percent guilty) had higher conviction rates 
than burglary and larceny. 

The police in 208 cities, combined population of 25,102,123, reported 
the data concerning the number of persons found guilty presented 
in tables 20 and 21. Such information is collected by the police for 
administrative use on the local level. Questionnaires accompanying 
the individual returns and correspondence assisted in selecting figures 
for persons found guilty that represented final dispositions rather than 
preliminary or other interim findings. Certain classifications are not 
individually presented because sufficient detail was not available in 
some of the usable reports. 

T^BLE 20.— OFFENSES KNOWN, CLEARED BY ARREST AND NUMBER 
OF PERSONS FOUND GUILTY, 1952; 208 CITIES OVER 25,000 IN 
POPULATION 



[Total population 25,102,123 based on 1950 decennial census] 



Offense (Part I classes) 



Total.. 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonneg- 

ligent manslaughter. 

(b) Manslaughter by neg- 

ligence 

Rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary — breaking or enter- 
ing... 

Larceny— theft (except auto 

theft) 

Auto theft 



Number of offenses 



Known 
to the 
police 



432, 834 



1,113 

765 
3,075 
13, 949 
23,783 

90, 435 

254,639 
45, 075 



Cleared 

by 
arrest 



138, 161 



1,317 

796 
2,839 
8,062 
21,299 

31, 507 

58, 677 
13, 664 



Charged 
{held for 
prosecu- 
tion) 



1,394 

728 
2,189 
7,063 
14,628 

18, 814 

39, 631 
10, 977 



Number of persons 



Found guilty 



Total 
guilty 



774 

280 
1,238 
5,347 
7,361 

14, 593 

30, 149 
7,100 



Offense 
charged 



57, 780 



573 
235 



4,375 
5,340 



12, 316 



27,884 
6,189 



Lesser 
offense 



9,062 



201 

45 

370 

972 

2,021 

2,277 

2,265 
911 



Percent- 
age 
found 
guilty 



*70.0 



55.5 

38.5 
56.6 
75.7 
50.3 

77.6 

76.1 
64.7 



58 



PERSONS FOUND GUILTY 

(PERCENT OF PERSONS CHARGED --PART 1 OFFENSES) 
CALENDAR YEAR 1952 

CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY 




ROBBERY 



75.7% 

7,063 Charged 




BURGLARY 



LARCENY 



77.6% 

18,814 Charged 



76.1% 

39,631 Charged 



i i . i Hi..i... i ^.], i ., i ij i .i..U...^ ^ ^ ^ ^^ 




AUTO THEFT 



64.7% 

10,977 Charged 



208 Cities Over 25,000 Inhabitants 



Total Population 25,102,123. 



FBI 
CHART 



Figure 6. 



59 



Table 21.— NUMBER OF PERSONS CHARGED (HELD FOR PROSECU- 
TION) AND NUMBER FOUND GUILTY, 1952, 208 CITIES OVER 
25,000 IN POPULATION 

[Total population, 25,102,123, based on 1950 decennial census] 



Offense (Part II classes) 



Number of persons charged (held for prosecution) 



TOTAL 
CHARGED 



TOTAL__ 

Other assaults 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Embezzlement and fraud 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, etc 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Sex offenses (including prostitution and com 

mereialized vice) 

Offenses against the family and children 

Narcotic drug laws 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness; disorderly conduct; vagrancy . 

Gambling 

Driving while intoxicated 

Traffic and motor vehicle laws 

All other offenses 



■8,712,798 



39, 782 
3,385 
7,672 
1,928 
7,742 



24, 366 
15, 641 
4,692 
17,833 

677, 808 
29, 102 
43, 356 
, 710, 242 
129, 249 



Found guilty 



TOTAL 
GUILTY 



1 5, 819, 772 



24,231 
2,746 
4,891 
987 
5,873 



16, 392 
9,461 
3,316 

14, 456 

499, 858 

19, 117 

38, 134 

2 5, 106, 735 

73, 575 



Offense 
charged 



Lesser 
offense 



1 5, 749, 845 , i 70, 127 



23,462 

2,443 

4,540 

910 

5,687 



15, 844 
9,139 
3,274 

14, 084 

497, 218 

18,911 

34, 998 

2 5,047,017 

72, 118 



769 
303 
351 

77 
186 



548 
322 
42 
372 

2.640 

206 

3,136 

2 59, 718 

1,457 



Percent- 
age found 
guilty 



1 66.8 

60.9 
81. 1 
63. S 
51.2 
75.9 



67.3 
60.5 
70.7 
81.1 

73.7 
6,5.7 
88.0 
66.2 
.56.9 



1 The total figures are subject to footnote 2. 

2 Based on the reports of 199 cities, total population 22,699,776. 



60 



PERSONS FOUNDtt. 

PERCENT OF PERSONS CHARGED 

PART II OFFENSES, CALENDAR 

YEAR 1952 



OTHER ASSAULTS 



FORGERY AND COUNTERFEITING 



EMBEZZLEMENT AND FRAUD 



STOLEN PROPERTY; 
BUYING, RECEIVING, ETC. 



51.2% 



WEAPONS; CARRYING, POSSESSING, ETC 



SEX OFFENSES (INCLUDING PROS- 
TITUTION AND COMMERCIALIZED VICE) 



OFFENSES AGAINST 
FAMILY AND CHILDREN 



NARCOTIC DRUG LAWS 



LIQUOR LAWS 



DRUNKENNESS; 

DISORDERLY CONDUCT; VAGRANCY 



GAMBLING 



DRIVING WHILE INTOXICATED 



TRAFFIC AND MOTOR VEHICLE LAWS 



ALL OTHER OFFENSES 




♦FIGURES BASED ON REPORTS OF 199 CITIES WITH OVER 
25,000 INHABITANTS, TOTAL POPULATION 22,699,776 

ALL OTHER FIGURES BASED ON REPORTS OF 208 CITIES WITH OVER 
25,000 INHABITANTS, TOTAL POPULATION 25,102,123 
FBI CHART 



Figure 7. 



61 



Persons Released — Not Held for Prosecution, 


1952 








The foregoing tables of arrest figures pertain to those persons 


arrested by the pohce against whom formal charges were filed. 


The 


following tables relate only to those persons arrested by the 


police 


but released without a formal charge being placed. From 


tliis it 


will be noted that the two tables which follow do not includ 


3 data 


relating to persons found not guilty after having been chaiged. 




Persons who ignore a summons or other notice to appear an 


d who 


are not subsequently arrested for the omission are represen 


ted in 


the following tables. In addition, the figures include formal warnings 


and so-called "golden rule" releases. Individuals arrested for other 


jurisdictions are not included in the report of the arresting a 


?ency. 


Table 22.— PERSONS RELEASED WITHOUT BEING HELD FOR PROSE- 


CUTION, 1952; NUMBER AND RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS, BY 


POPULATION GROUPS 




[Population figures from 1950 decennial census] 




Offense charged 


TOTAL 


Group I 


Group II 


Group III 


Group IV 


Group V 


Group 
VI 


1,141 

cities; 
total 

popula- 
tion, 

35,620,638 


19 cities 
over 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

14,024,833 


26 cities, 
100,000 to 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
3,756,214 


60 cities, 
50,000 to 
100,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
4,245,090 


131 cities, 
25,000 to 

50,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
4,581,402 


380 cities, 
10,000 to 
25,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
5,902,509 


.525 cities 
under 
10,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

3, 110, 590 


Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegli- 
gent manslaughter: 
Number of persons re- 
leased 

Rate per 100,000 


319 
0.90 

164 
0.46 


106 
0.76 

33 
0.24 


41 
1.09 

22 
0.59 


25 
0.59 

33 
0.78 


63 
1.38 

46 
1.00 


80 
1.36 

25 
0.42 


4 
0. 13 


(b) Manslaughter by negli- 
gence: 
Number of persons re- 
leased . 


5 


Rate per 100,000 


0.16 


Robbery: 

Number of persons released. 
Rate per 100,000 


2,121 
6.0 

2,301 
6.5 

7,084 
19.9 

6,244 
17.5 

12,062 
33.9 

2,447 
6.9 

1,368 
3.8 

1440 
1.2 

758 
2.1 


1,244 
8.9 

1,011 
7.2 

3.487 
24.9 

2,113 
15.1 

4,171 
29.7 

725 
5.2 

663 
4.0 

118 
0.8 

137 
1.0 


251 
6.7 

500 
13.3 

1, 1.38 
30.3 

639 
17.0 

1,153 
30.7 

343 
9.1 

267 
7.1 

26 
0.7 

153 
4.1 


175 
4.1 

183 
4.3 

289 
6.8 

426 
10.0 

597 
14.1 

197 
4.6 

41 
1.0 

31 
0.7 

63 
1.5 


225 
4.9 

283 
6.2 

614 
13.4 

993 
21.7 

2,316 
50.6 

410 
8.9 

198 
4.3 

111 
2.4 

120 
2.6 


151 
2.6 

199 
3.4 

851 
14.4 

1,132 
19.2 

2,162 
36.6 

456 
7.7 

219 
3.7 

76 
1.3 

171 
2.9 


75 
2. 4 


Aggravated assault: 

Number of persons released. 
Rate per 100,000 


125 
4.0 


Dther assaults: 

Number of persons released. 
Rate per 100,000 


705 
22. 7 


Jurglary— breaking or entering: 
Number of persons released 
Rate per 100,000.- - 


941 
30.3 


^arceny— theft: 

Number of persons released. 
Rate per 100,000 


1,663 
53.5 


Vuto theft: 

Number of persons released- . 
Rate per 100,000 


316 
10.2 


Embezzlement and fraud: 

Number of persons released.. 
Rate per 100,000 _. . 


80 
2. 6 


Stolen property; buying, receiv- 
ing, possessmg: 
Number of persons released.. 
Rate per 100,000 


2 78 
2.5 


^orgery and counterfeiting: 
Number of persons released-. 
Rate per 100,000 


114 
3.7 


iape: 




Number of persons released.. 
Rate per 100,000 


549 
1.54 


218 
1.55 


90 
2.40 


36 
0.85 


85 
1.86 


77 
1.30 


43 
1.38 


See footnotes at end of tat 


le. 















62 



Table 22. -PERSONS RELEASED WITHOUT BEING HELD FOR PROSE- 
CUTION, 1952; NUMBER AND RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS. BY 
POPULATION GROUPS— Continued 

[Population figures from 1950 decennial census 



Offense charged 



Total 



1,141 
cities; 
total 

popula- 
tion, 

35,620,638 



Prostitution and commercial- 
ized vice: 

Number of persons released. 

Rate per 100,000 

Sex offenses (except rape and 
prostitution): 

Number of persons released . 

Rate per 100,000.. _-^-_ 

Narcotic drug laws: 

Number of persons released. 

Rate per 100.000..-- 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, 
etc.: 

Numberof persons released- 

Rate per 100,000 

Offenses against family and 
children: 

Numberof persons released. 

Rate per 100,000-.- 

Liquor laws: 

Number of [)ersons released. 

Rate|)i"r 100,000-.. 

Driving wliile intoxicated: 

Num ber of persons released., 

Ra te per 100,000. . . 

Traffic and motor vehicle laws: 

Number of persons released. 

Rate per 100,000 

Disorderly conduct: 

Number of persons released. 

Ra te per 100,000. . . 

Drunkenness: 

Number of persons released.. 

Rate per 100,000..- 

Vagrancy: 

Number of persons released. 

Rate per 100,000.-. 

Oambling: 

N um ber of persons released . 

Rate per 100,000--- 

Suspicion: 

N uni ber of persons released . 

Rate per 10(1.000.-.- - - -- 
All other offenses: 

Nuin ber of persons released- 

Rate per 100,000 



4,533 
12.7 



1,154 
3.2 



873 
2.5 



891 
2.5 



2,412 



3 1,911 

5.4 

» 1, 833 
5.2 

1,017,528 
3, 080. 9 

11,310 
31.8 

u 77, 770 
218.4 

6.448 
18.1 

3.772 
10.6 

i« 90, 320 
253.6 

22, 925 
64.4 



Group I 



19 cities 
over 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

14,024,833 



28.4 



271 
1.9 



453 
3.2 



395 

2.8 



758 
5.4 



768 
5.5 



128 
0.9 



' 80, 624 
662. 2 



2,124 
15.1 



38, 729 
276.1 



452 
3.2 



2,811 
20.0 



52. 276 
372.7 



6,007 
42.8 



Group II 



26 cities, 
100,000 to 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 
3,756,214 



240 
6.4 



150 
4.0 



211 

5.6 



152 
4.0 



232 
6.2 

113 
3.0 

6 143 
3.9 

"150,177 
4, 346. 7 

1,175 
31.3 

16, 296 
4.33. 8 



31.9 



207 
5.5 



3, 824 
101.8 



2,004 
53.4 



Group III 



60 cities, 
50,000 to 
100,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
4,245,090 



55 
1.3 



122 
2.9 



64 
1.5 



72 
1.7 



185 
4.4 



128 
3.0 



175 
4.1 



10 68, 807 
1,680.2 



1,406 
33.1 



5, 725 
134.9 



190 
4.5 



9, 820 
231.3 



1,939 
45.7 



Group IV 



131 cities, 

25,000 to 
50,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
4,581,402 



41 
0.9 



236 
5.2 



54 
1.2 



79 
1.7 



233 
5.1 

300 
6.5 

308 
6.7 

"200,224 
5, 826. 1 

1,720 
37.5 

4, 553 
99.4 

1.000 
21.8 

231 
5.0 

7,600 
165.9 

4,068 



Group V 



.380 cities, 
10.000 to 
25,000; 
popula- 
tion, 

5,902,509 



108 
1.8 



242 
4.1 



71 
1.2 



108 
1.8 



593 
10.0 



349 
5.9 



723 
12.2 



'2 323,178 
5,601.6 



2.813 
47.7 



7.824 
132.6 



1.435 
24.3 



232 
3.9 



11,387 
192.9 



4,452 
75.4 



Footnotes 1-17: The number of persons released and the rate are based on the reports from the number 
of cities indicated below: 



Footnote 



1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 



Cities 



1,140 

524 

1,140 

524 

1,140 

25 

1,117 

18 

24 



Population 



35, 610, 684 

3, 100, 636 
35, 613, 462 

3,103,414 
35, 495, 869 

3,631,445 
33, 02(), 722 
12,175,265 

3, 454, 930 



10 
11 
12 
13 
14 
15 
16 
17 



Cities 



58 
128 
372 
517 

1,140 
524 

1,140 
524 



Popular ii 



4, 0115. 

4, 466. 

5, 7()9, 
3. 065. 

35,616, 
3, 106. 

35, 614, 
3, 104, 



63 



Table 23.— PERSONS RELEASED WITHOUT BEING HELD FOR PROSE- 
CUTION, TRAFFIC VIOLATIONS, EXCEPT DRIVING WHILE IN- 
TOXICATED, 1952; NUMBER AND RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS, 
BY POPULATION GROUPS 

[Population figures from 1950 decennial census] 



Offense charged 


Total 


Group I 


Group II 


Group III 


Group IV 


Group V 


Group VI 


686 cities; 

total 
popula- 
tion, 

15,916,880 


8 cities 
over 

250,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

4,296,350 


8 cities, 
100,000 to 
250,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
1,324,623 


27 cities, 
50,000 to 
100,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
1,908,356 


82 cities, 
25,000 to 
50,000; 
popula- 
tion, 
2,850,465 


238 cities. 

10,000 to 
25,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

3,631,666 


323 cities 
under 
10,000; 

popula- 
tion, 

1,905,420 


ioad and driving laws: 

Number of persons re- 
leased 

Rate per 100,000. . 


87. 912 
552.3 

847, 639 
5, 325. 4 

39, 853 
250.4 


12, 661 
294.7 

45, 161 
1. 051. 1 

17, 32H 


3,971 
299.8 

114,683 
8, 657. 8 

4.041 


3.254 
170. 5 

60, 820 
3, 187. 

1.860 
97.5 


36.811 
1.291.4 

217.602 
7, 633. 9 

5.750 
201.7 


16,234 
147. 

301. 200 
8. 293. 7 

5,680 
156.4 


14, 981 
786 2 


Parking violations: 

Number of persons re- 
leased 

Rate per 100,000 

Dther traffic and motor vehicle 
laws: 
Number of persons re- 


108, 173 
5, 677. 1 

5. 194 


Rate per 100,000 


403. 3 305. 1 


272 6 











CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENSES 

The police statistics herein concern local offenses only and in no manner relate 
to crimes characterized as exclusively Federal. 

The term "offenses known to the police" is designed to include those crimes 
designated as part 1 classes of the uniform classification occurring within the police 
jurisdiction, whether they become know^n to the poHce through reports of police 
officers, of citizens, of prosecuting or court officials, or otherwise. They are con-i 
fined to the following group of seven classes of grave offenses, shown by experiencflj 
to be those most generally and completely reported to the pohce: Criminal homi-|j: 
cide, including (a) murder, nonnegligent manslaughter, and (6) manslaughter bj| 
negligence; rape; robbery; aggravated assault; burglary — breaking or entering I 
larceny — theft; and auto theft. The figures contained herein include also th<|, 
number of attempted crimes of the designated classes. In other words, an at-f 
tempted burglary or robbery, for example, is reported in the bulletin in the sara< 
manner as if the crime had been completed. Attempted murders, however, an 
reported as aggravated assaults. 

"Offenses known to the police" include, therefore, all of the above offenses 
including attempts, which are reported by the lavA'-enforcement agencies of con 
tributing communities and not merely arrests or cleared cases. Offenses commit 
ted by juveniles are included in the same manner as those known to have beei 
committed by adults, regardless of the prosecutive action. Complaints whicJ 
upon investigation are learned to be groundless are not included in the tabulations 

In publishing the data sent in by chiefs of police in different cities, the FBI doe 



not vouch for their accuracy. They are given out as current information whici 
may throw some light on problems of crime and criminal-law enforcement. 

In compiling the tables, returns which were apparently incomplete or other wis I 
defective were excluded. 

In order to indicate more clearly the types of offenses included in part I an 
part II offenses, there follows a brief definition of each classificaiton: 

Part I Offenses 

1. Criminal homicide. — (a) Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter includes a< 
willful felonious homicides as distinguished from deaths caused by negligencf 
Does not include attempts to kill, assaults to kill, suicides, accidental deaths, c 
justifiable homicides. Justifiable homicides excluded from this classification ai 
limited to the following types of cases: (1) The killing of a felon by a peace ofFicf 
in line of duty; (2) the killing of a hold-up man by a private citizen, (b) Mai 
slaughter by negligence includes any death which the police investigation estal 
lishes was primarily attributable to gross negligence on the part of some individuj 
other than the victim. 

2. Rape. — Includes forcible rape, statutory rape (no force used — victim und« 
age of consent), assault to rape, and attempted rape. 

3. Robbery. — Includes stealing or taking anything of value from the person b " 
force or violence or by putting in fear, such as strong-arm robbery, stick-up 
robbery, armed. Includes assault to rob and attempt to rob. 

4. Aggravated assaidt. — Includes assault with intent to kill; assault by shootinj 
cutting, stabbing, maiming, poisoning, scalding, or by the use of acids. Does n( 
include simple assault, assault and battery, fighting, etc. 

5. Burglary — breaking or entering. — Includes burglary, housebreaking, safi 
cracking, or any unlawful entry to commit a felony or a theft, even though n 
force was used to gain entrance. Includes attempts. Burglary followed b 
larceny is included in this classification and not counted again as larceny. 

6. Larceny — theft (except auto theft). — (a) Fifty dollars and over in valu< 
(6) under $50 in value — includes in one of the above subclassifications, dependin 
upon the value of the property stolen, thefts of bicycles, automobile accessorie 

(64) 



t 



65 

io])lifting, pocket-picking, or any stealing of property or article of value which is 
)t taken by force and violence or by fraud. Does not include embezzlement, 
;oii" games, forgery, worthless checks, etc. 

7. Auto theft. — Includes all cases where a motor vehicle is stolen or driven away 
id abandoned, including the so-called joy-riding thefts. Does not include taking 
r temporary use when actually returned by the taker, or unauthorized use by 
lO^e having lawful access to the vehicle. 

art II Offenses 

8. Other assaults. — Includes all assaults and attempted assaults ^\hich are not 
an aggravated nature and which do not belong in class 4. 

9. Forgery and counterfeiting. — Includes offenses dealing with the making, 
toring, uttering, or possessing, with intent to defraud, anything false which is 
ade to appear true. Includes attempts. 

10. EmhezzUment and fraud. — Includes all offenses of fraudulent conversion, 
iilsezzlement, and obtaining money or property by false pretenses. 

11. Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing. — Includes buying, receiving, 
id possessing stolen property as well as attempts to commit any of those offenses. 

12. Weapons; carrying, posses.'^ing, etc. — Includes all violations of regulations or 
atutes controlHng the carrying, using, possessing, furnishing, and manufacturing 

deadly weapons or silencers and all attempts to violate such statutes or reg- 
ations. 

1.3. Prostitution and comrnercialized vice. — Includes se.x offenses of a commer- 
alized nature, or attempts to commit the same, such as prostitution, keeping 
n\ (ly house, procuring, transporting, or detaining women for immoral purposes. 

14. Sex offenses (except rape and prostitution and commercialized vice). — ■ 
icludes offenses against chastity, common decency, morals, and the like. In- 
udes attempts. 

1.5. Offenses against the family and children. — Includes offenses of nonsupport, 
'iilect, desertion, or abuse of family and children. 

Hi. Narcotic drug laws. — Includes offenses relating to narcotic drugs, such as 
ilawful possession, sale, or use. Excludes Federal offenses. 

17. Liquor laws. — With the exception of "drunkenness" (class 18) and "driving 
hile intoxicated" (class 22), liquor law violations, state or local, are placed in this 
ass. Excludes Federal violations. 

18. Drunkenness. ^Includes all offenses of drunkenness or intoxication. 

19. Disorderly conduct. — Includes all charges of committing a breach of the 
?ace. 

20. Vagrancy. — Includes such offenses as vagabondage, begging, loitering, etc. 

21. Gambling. — Includes offenses of promoting, permitting, or engaging in 
unbUng. 

22. Driving while intoxicated. — Includes driving or operating any motor vehicle 
hile drunk or under the influence of liquor or narcotics. 

23. Violation of road and driving laws. — Includes violations of regulations with 
spect to the proper handling of a motor vehicle to prevent accidents. 

24. Parking violations. — Includes violations of parking ordinances. 

2.5. Other violations of traffic and motor vehicle laws. — Includes violations of state 
ws and municipal ordinances with regard to traffic and motor vehicles not other- 
ise provided for in classes 22-24. 

26. All other offenses. — Includes all violations of state or local laws for which 
) provision has been made above in classes 1-25. 

27. Suspicion. — This classification includes all persons arrested as suspicious 
laracters, but not in connection with any specific offense, who are released with- 
it formal charges being placed against them. 

o 



UNIFORM 

CRIME 
REPORTS 



FOR THE UNITED STATES 




ISSUED BY THE 

FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 

WASHINGTON, D. C. 



Volume XXiV 
ANNUAL BULLETIN 



Number 2 
1953 



UNIFORM 
CRIME REPORTS 

FOR THE UNITED STATES 



Volume XXiV — Number 2 
ANNUAL BULLETIN, 1953 



Issued by the 

Federal Bureau of Investigation 

United States Department of Justice 

Washington, D. C. 




ADVISORY 



International Association of Cliiefs of Police 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1954 






Page 

Summary of volume XXIV, No. 2 07-68 

Crime trends: 

Estimated number of major crimes (table 24) 69-71 

Urban crime trends (tables 25-27) 72-80 

Rural crime trends (table 28) 80-82 

Monthly variations (table 29) 82-85 

Crime rates: 

Urban crime rates (tables 30-33) 86-91 

Rural crime rates (table 34) 92-93 

Offenses in individual areas: 

Offenses in cities with more than 25,000 inhabitants (table 35) 94-102 

Offenses in jurisdictions outside the United States (table 36) 103 

Supplemental crime data: 

Offense analysis (table 37) 104-105 

Value of property stolen by type of crime (table 38) 106 

Value of property stolen and value of property recovered (table 39) _. 107 
Age, sex, and race of persons arrested: 

Age distribution of persons arrested (tables 40-41) 108-112^ 

Sex distribution of persons arrested (table 42) 113' 

Race distribution of persons arrested (table 43) 114 

Reporting area 115: 

Classification of offenses 1 16-1 18 

Index to volume XXIV . 119-120 

(11) 



UNIFORM CRIME REPORTS 

J. Edgar Hoover, Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation, U. S. 
Department of Justice, Washington, D. C. 



Volume XXIV JANUARY 1954 Number 2 

SUMMARY 

Estimated Number of Major Crimes 

Major crimes reached a new high of 2,159,080 in 1953. The 
3 percent increase over the previous high in 1952 was supported by 
increases in all crime classes except murder, down 1.2 percent. 

Crime is outstripping population rate of growth 4 to 1. Our popu- 
lation increased 5 percent and crime jumped 20 percent since 1950. 

Robberies, up 8.5 percent, lead the increases with burglarv, up 
S.2 percent, second. Larceny, aggravated assault and auto theft 
increased 5.4, 5.3, and 5.2 percent, in that order. Crimes of rape 
increased 3.8 percent while the rise in negligent manslaughter was 
nominal, up 0.7 percent. 

Over 400 million dollars was lost in property crimes. Over 13,000 
stolen autos in 1953 worth over 14 million dollars remained unre- 
covered at the year's end. 
Crime Trends, Urban-Rural 

People in our cities were victims of 4.5 percent more major crimes 
in 1953. All city crimes increased but murder, down 2.2 percent. 
Increases ranged from 2.6 percent for rape to 8.3 percent for robbery. 

City crimes in 1953 stood 39 percent above the pre-World War II 
average of 1937-39. 

Rural crimes, those in areas outside cities, increased 9.6 percent 
with increases from 0.4 percent in murders to 16.5 percent for burgla- 
ries. Rural negligent manslaughters were down 5.5 percent. 

Monthly Variations 

The crime calendar shows criminal assaults and murders at their 
peak in the warm months. Negligent manslaughters, predominantly 
traffic deaths, are more frequent in winter months when bad driving 
conditions prevail. Robbers and thieves prefer to operate during 
the darker months, October-December. 

(67) 



68 

Property Recovered 

Over 59 percent of the value of stolen property was recovered i 
1953 and 88 percent of this consisted of autos. There were reco^ 
erics of over 11 percent of stolen currency, jewelr3^, furs, clothing, an 
miscellaneous. 
Persons Arrested 

Arrests of about 4 million persons in cities are estimated froj 
reports of 1,174 cities reporting 1,791,160 arrests in 1953. Arres^ 
include driving while intoxicated and negligent manslaughter but n« 
other traffic matters. Every other person (49.3 percent) arrested f<l 
burglary was under 18 years of age and 1 out of 3 was not yet 1 
Over half of the car theft arrests were juveniles and 29.0 percent we] 
not old enough to get a regular driver's permit in most State 
Arrests of young people under age 18 increased 7.9 percent in 19^! 
while adult arrests increased 1 .9 percent. 



CRIME TRENDS 

Estimated Number of Major Crim.es 

Major crimes went over the 2 million mark again in 1953 — 6 percent 
above 1952 — for a new high of 2,159,080 estimated major crimes and 
the rise cannot be charged to an increase in population alone. The 
number of persons residing in the United States increased about 5 
percent from the 1950 census to 1953 while crime totals rose over 20 
percent. 

All but 1 crime class showed increases over 1952 — ranging from 
negligent manslaughter, up 0.7 percent, to robbery, up 8.5 percent. 
Murders decreased 1.2 percent. 

With criminal homicides grouped (murders and negligent man- 
slaughters) it is seen that killers took the lives of 12,810 people in 1953, 
only 50 fewer than the 12,860 victims the year before. Murderers 
killed 7,120 of the 12,810 victims, while the remaining 5,690 died as a 
result of the criminal negligence of others. 

Strong-arm thugs and criminals armed with deadly weapons forcibly 
took more than 14 million dollars in 1953. These potential killers 
threatened their victims in the 63,100 robberies and obtained an 
..verage of $222 per robbery. Robberies increased 8.5 percent, the 
lighest percent increase in any major crime in 1953. 

Rapes numbered 17,900 in 1953 increasing 3.8 percent over the 
1952 figures and over half of these were forcible cases. In addition 
:.o the foregoing, there were 92,600 people stabbed, shot, cut, clubbed 
or seriously beaten in 1953. They numbered 5.3 percent more than 
the 87,930 people maimed, crippled, or w^ounded in aggravated 
assaults during 1952. 

Burglars were second only to robbers in increased activities in 1953. 
Homes, business houses, and other structures were illegally entered 
479,120 times (8.2 percent more frequently). Burglars took more 
than 78 million dollars in money and property. The loss in each 
burglary was $163, on the average. 

Car thieves stole 226,530 automobiles— 11,220 more than in 1952— 
an increase of 5.2 percent. Police reported the value of the average 
auto stolen as $1,038 and 93.9 percent of the stolen autos recovered. 
This indicates 13,818 stolen autos unrecovered in 1953, or an unre- 
covered loss of over 14 million dollars ($14,343,084). 

Other thefts numbered 1,267,020 in 1953, a 5.4 percent increase. 
Almost 29 percent of these were thefts of property valued at $50 
and over. In more than 39 percent of the theft cases accessories 
or other articles were stolen from autos, when the cars themselves 
were not stolen. About 17 percent were bicycle thefts. Other types 
of thefts included in the larceny-theft class are: pocket-picking; 
purse-snatching; shoplifting; and miscellaneous. 

(69) 



70 



Over 400 million dollars was lost to property crimes (robbery, 
burglary, larceny, and auto theft). Police figures indicate a recovery' 
rate of about 59 percent, with autos accounting for about 88 percent 
of recovered stolen property. 

Table 24.— CRIME TRENDS, URBAN AND RURAL 

[Estimated numVwr of major crimes in the United States, 1952-53] 



Offense 



Number of offenses 



Change 



Number Percent 



TOTAL 

Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 

M anslaughter by negligence 

Rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault. .- 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft 

Autotheft 



2, 036, 510 



2, 159, 080 



+ 122.570 



+6.01 



7,210 

5,650 

17, 240 

58,140 

87, 930 

442, 760 

1, 202, 270 

215, 310 



7,120 

5,6S0 

17,900 

63, 100 

92, 600 

479, 120 

1, 267, 020 

226, 530 



-90 

+40 

+660 

+4, 9<)0 

+4, 670 
+36, 360 
+64, 7.50 
+ 11,220 



-1.2 
+0.7' 
+3.81 
+8.5 

+5.3 
+8.2 

+5.4 
+5.2 



Estimates are resorted to in the absence of complete reporting: 
from all areas in the United States in order to present an approximate* 
picture of the magnitude of the crime problem. Estimated crime- 
totals are limited to the crimes (offenses) identified in table 24 above. 
These are the Part I class of offenses considered of major importance 
in the police problem. The uniform crime reporting program asi 
designed by the International Association of Chiefs of Police is further 
explained beginning on page 116 (classification of offenses). 

Certain important crimes are not included in the estimated total! 
crimes. For example, the program has no provision for collecting) 
the number of arsons, sex crimes other than rape, carrying concealedl 
weapons, and embezzlement. Accordingly, the estimated totall 
major crime presented here is considered conservative. 

These estimates are based on reports representing almost 60 percent 
of the rural population and over 83 percent of the urban population. 
In building up the figures to 100 percent of the population, it is 
actually necessary to estimate for only slightly more than one-fourth 
of the population in this country. In connection with estimating' 
for the unrepresented rural area, it is recognized that some rural 
crime reports received are incomplete and adjustments are made fori 
calculated incompleteness in some categories. 

It will be noted that some of the text above is not supported by the 
data shosvn in table 24. The additional approximations were obtainedl 
as a matter of interest by iipplying to the estimated crime the analyses ' 
of crimes by type, valuation of property, and recovery percentages 
available in the section on supplemental crime data beginning on 
page 104 of this bulletin. 



71 



CRIME TREND- -U. S. 

based on the estimated number of major crimes 

1952 VS. 1953 -PERCENT CHANGE 



+8.5 




+3.8 



+0.7 



+8.2 



+5.3 



tL* +5.2 



1952 LEVEL 



1 r 



-1.2 



I I I I I 
I I I I I 



I I 



I I 



I I 



I I 



I I 



I I i i 



TOTAL MURDER NEGLIGENT UK ROBBERY AGGRAVATED BUR61ARY URGENT AUTO THEFT 
MANSLAUGHTER ASSAULT 



Figure 8. 



72 

Urban Crime Trends 

City crime went up again in 1953. People in our cities were vic- 
tims of 4.5 percent more major crimes in 1953 than in 1952. However,; 
the 1953 figures may be indicative of a leveling off of the general 
increase in city crimes that has continued since 1947. 

Since the last general decrease in city crime (1947) percent increases 
in crimes for urban places (cities) were as follows: 1948, +0.3; 1949, 
+4.2; 1950, +0.4; 1951, +5.2; 1952, +8.1; and 1953, +4.5. 

In the total for all cities, major crimes increased in all categories 
during 1953 except murder, which declined 2.2 percent. Increases 
ranged from +2.6 percent for rape up to +8.3 percent for robbery. 

All individual groups of cities also reflected increases (cities placed 
into six groups by size). A high for 1953 was the increase of 6.9 
percent in the group of cities of 10,000 to 25,000 inhabitants. The 
smallest increase, +2.4 percent, occurred in the group of cities with 
100,000 to 250,000 inhabitants. 

For urban crime trends the reports for 2 years from identical cities 
are compared. A full set of reports for 1952 and 1953 from the police 
in the same 2,262 cities were used in the trends. Over 83 percent oi 
the urban population is represented by these cities. 

Generally, under the uniform crime reporting system a place is 
urban (city) if it is incorporated and has 2,500 or more people. This 
broad definition follows the 1940 Bureau of the Census distinct ior 
between urban and rural. The 1950 Bureau of the Census urban 
definition includes certain densely populated areas called "urbanizec 
fringe" areas just outside of city limits that may not agree with police 
reporting jurisdictions. For this reason, the 1940 definition has been 
retained for crime reporting purposes. The Bureau of the Census 
has pubhshed 1950 population figures under both the "1950 rule" and 
the '4940 rule." 

A city police chief can compare his own figures for 1952 and 1953 
and note the trend in his city, increases or decreases in the various 
crime classes. Then he can check his local trend data against the 
national figures given here in tables 25 and 26. This basic survey of 
trends gives direction to his additional studies of the local crime prob- 
lem, such as: special types of robberies or burglaries; areas in his city 
with the greatest frequency of these crimes; time of day that they 
occur; possible rearrangement of patrol to combat the problem; and 
the like. 



73 

Table 25.— URBAN CRIME TRENDS, 1952-53, BY POPULATION GROUPS 

[Oflenses known to the police in 2,262 cities, total population 74,145,884, based on 1950 decennial census] 



Population group 



rOTAl: 

1952 

1953 

Percent change 

iTOUp I: 37 cities over 
250,000; total popula- 
tion, 31,717,978; 

1952 

1953 

Percent change 

3roup II: 62 cities, 100,000 
to 250,000; total popu- 
lation, 9,124,665: 

1952 

1953 

Percent change 

3roup III: 124 cities, 
50,000 to 100,000; total 
population, 8,759,964: 

1952 

1953 

Percent change. 

3roup IV: 230 cities, 
25,000 to 50,000; total 
population, 8,111,918: 

1952 

1953 

Percent change 

3roup V: 636 cities, 10,000 
to 25,000; total pupu- 
lation, 9,827,137: 

1952 - 

1953 

Percent change 

Group VI: 1,173 cities 
under 10,000; total pop- 
ulation, 6,604,222: 

1952 

1953 --- 

Percent change 



Total 



1, 257, 546 
1, 313, 596 

-1-4.5 



630, 043 
860, 781 

-h4.9 



176, 698 
180, 982 

+2.4 



141, 433 

147, 764 

-1-4.5 



124, 014 

128, 197 

-1-3.4 



124, 899 

133, 537 

-1-6.9 



60, 459 

62, 335 

-fS.l 



Murder 

and 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



8,593 
3.515 
-2.2 



1,962 
1,946 
-0.8 



554 

550 

-0.7 



345 
351 

-1-1.7 



277 
273 
-1.4 



288 

248 

-13.9 



167 

147 

-12.0 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 



2,497 
2,656 

-1-6.4 



1,312 

1,552 
-1-18.3 



386 

347 

-10.1 



286 
274 

-4.2 



269 

239 

-11.2 



144 

148 

-1-2.8 



100 

96 

-4.0 



Rape 



8,585 
8,806 
+2.6 



5,589 
5,661 
+ 1.3 



840 
1,006 

+ 19.8 



663 
675 

+ 1.8 



523 

539 

+3.1 



565 

528 
-6.5 



405 

397 

-2.0 



Rob- 
bery 



44, 504 

48,212 

+8.3 



32, 891 
35,750 

+8.7 



4,316 
4,869 
+12.8 



2,884 
2,969 
+2.9 



1,820 

1,878 
+.3.2 



1,648 
1,836 

+ 11.4 



945 

910 

-3.7 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



59, 935 
62. 604 

+4.5 



37. 325 
39, 469 

+.5.7 



6,962 
7,435 
+6.8 



6,781 
6,894 
+ 1.7 



3,730 
3,731 

(>) 



3,465 
3,355 
-3.2 



1,672 
1,720 
+2.9 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



289, 795 

305, 535 

+5.4 



152,267 

160, 807 

+5.6 



41, 750 

43,113 

+3.3 



30, 335 

31, 863 
+5.0 



25, 308 

27, 060 

+6.9 



26,002 

28,363 

+9.1 



14, 133 
14, 329 
+ 1.4 



Lar- 
ceny — 
theft 



710, 562 

737. 190 

+3.7 



321,261 

331,034 

+3.0 



101,800 

103, 862 

+2.0 



85, 886 

90,212 

+5.0 



81,160 

83, 736 

+3.2 



82, 746 

88, 822 

+7.3 



37, 709 
39, 524 

+4.8 



Auto 
theft 



138, 075 
145, 078 

+5.1 



77, 436 

84, 562 

+9.2 



20, 090 

19, 800 

-1.4 



14, 253 
14, 526 
+1.9 



10, 927 

10, 741 

-1.7 



10, 041 
10, 237 
+2.0 



5,328 
5,212 
-2.2 



1 Increase of less than Mo of 1 percent. 



293671°— 54- 



74 




Figure 9. 



75 



TvBLE 26.— URBAN CRIME TRENDS, 1952-53, BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVI- 
SIONS AND STATES 



[OfTenses known to the police in 2,262 cities, total population, 74,145,884 


, based on 1950 decennial census] 


Divisions and States 


Total 


Murder 

and 
n on neg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 


Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 


Rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
?ntering 


Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 


Auto 
theft 


TOTAL: 

1952 


1, 257, 546 
1, 313, 596 

+4.5 


3,593 
3,515 
-2.2 


■ 2,497 
2,656 

+6.4 


8,585 
8,806 
+2.6 


44, 504 

48, 212 

+8.3 


59, 935 
62, 604 

+4.5 


289, 795 

305, 535 

+ 5.4 


710, 562 
737, 190 

+3.7 


138, 075 


1963 


146, 078 


Percent change 

New England, 173 cities; 
population, 6,107,550: 

1952 

1953 


+ 5.1 


60, 994 

62, 754 

+2.9 


65 

84 

+29.2 

21 
21 

3 

5 

28 
50 

■+ 7 >;. L- 

1 

7 

7 

1 

631 

518 

-2.4 


203 

213 

+4-9 


312 

314 

+0.6 


791 
905 

+14- i 


762 

917 

+20.3 


U, 854 

15, 356 

+3.4 


36,957 

37, 924 

+2.6 


7, 050 
7,041 


Percent change 

Connecticut, 23 cities; 

population, 1,103,563: 
1 1952 


-0.1 


13, 070 
13, 635 

3,300 
3,066 

- "/. I 

34, 134 
35, 547 

+ V. ■ 

2,014 
2,118 

7,535 
7,492 

941 
896 

245,989 

252, 439 

+2.6 


40 
59 

2 
5 

138 
131 

4 
6 

18 
11 

1 
1 

603 

704 

+16.7 


49 
59 

17 
18 
i. •■ 

194 

178 

» ?:. •'- 

8 
11 

36 
41 

8 
7 

1,886 
1,877 
-0.5 


171 
193 

32 
30 

- ••', X 

489 

587 

9 

'■J ' ', ■ 

85 
83 

2 
3 

11,270 

11,561 

+2.6 


281 
361 

28 
22 

367 
418 
/ 7, -7 

"% 
10 

76 
106 

1 

11,469 

12, 481 

+8.8 


3,410 

3,718 

641 
599 

- '-..< 

8,131 
8,421 

425 
506 

2,048 
1,936^ 

199 
176 

69,33.5 
71, 653 

+3.3 


7,830 

7, 951 
.'. i 

2,297 
2,076 

- 7-4 

20, 342 
21,319 

V. r 

1,452 
1,418 

4,371 
4,544 

665 
616 

126, 122 

127, 874 

+1-4 


1,268 


1953 


1,273 


Maine, 18 cities; popula- 
tion, 317,802: 
1 1952 . 


280 


i 1953 

Massachusetts, 92 cities; 
population, 3,729,795: 
1952 


311 

4, 445 


1953 




NewHampshire, 15cities; 
population, 264,306: 


99 


1953 


157 


population, 592,322: 
1952 


894 


1953 


764 


Vermont, 9 cities; popu- 
lation, 99,762: 

1952 


64 


1953 


93 


Middle Atlantic, 525 
cities; population, 
18,639,859: 
1952 


24, 773 


1953 




Percent change 

New Jersey, 136 cities; 
population, 3,271,268: 
1952 


+4.0 


38, 795 

39, 376 

177, 765 
182, 329 

29, 429 
30, 734 

288, 146 

296, 883 

+3.0 

83, 647 
82, 744 

35, 272 
37,036 


80 
89 

374 
364 

77 
65 

841 

812 

-3.4 


151 
126 

350 
497 

102 
81 

517 

546 

+5.6 


248 
245 

1,399 
1,392 

239 
240 

2, 336 
2,315 
-0.9 


1,010 
1,253 

9,214 
9,391 

1,046 
917 

13,093 
H, 887 
+13.7 


1,827 
1,816 

8,840 
9,846 

802 
819 

12, 923 
13, 589 
+5.2 


11, 731 
11, 444 

50, 121 
52, 672 

7,483 
7,5.37 

58, 282 

59, 409 

+1.9 


19, 127 
20,036 

92, 162 
91, 348 

14, 833 
16, 490 

169, 659 

173, 247 
+2.1 


4,621 


1953 


4,367 


New York, 169 cities; 
population, 11,665,437: 
1952 


15, 305 


1953 . 


16, 819 


Pennsylvania, 220 cities; 
population, 3,703,154: 
1952 


4,847 


1953 




East North Central, 552 
cities; population, 
18,235,646: 
1952 - - - 


SO, 495 


1953 - 

Percent change 

Illinois, 143 cities; popu- 
lation, 5,982,544: 
1952 --- - 


+5.2 


348 
340 

106 
79 


195 
196 

68 
64 


788 
703 

136 
169 


7,198 
7,915 

938 


5,228 
5,462 

977 


19, 505 
19, 612 

7,588 


39, 360 
38, 122 

21,643 


11,025 


1953 _ 


10, 394 


Indiana, 77 cities; popu- 
lation, 1,988,123: 

1952 


3,816 


1953 


1,026 1 919 


8,285 1 22,457 


4,037 



76 

Table 26.— URBAN CRIME TRENDS, 1952-53, BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVI- 
SIGNS AND STATES— Continued 



Divisions and States 



East North Central — Con. 
Michigan, 105 cities; pop- 
ulation, 3,850,500: 

1952 

1953 

Ohio, 149 cities; popula- 
tion, 4,629,078: 

1952 - 

1953- ---- --- 

Wisconsin, 78 cities; pop- 
ulation, 1,785,401: 

1952 

1953 --- 

West North Central, 257 
cities; population, 
6,075,413: 

1952 

1953 

Percent change 



Iowa, 61 cities; popula- 
tion, 1,079,341: 

1952 

1953 

Kansas, 49 cities; popula- 
tion, 827,482: 

1952 

1953 

Minnesota, 64 cities; pop- 
ulation, 1,460,248: 

1952 

1953 

Missouri, 35 cities; popu- 
lation, 1,842,180: 

1952 

1953.... 

Nebraska, 24 cities; popu- 
lation, 534,344: 

1952 __ 

19.53 

North Dakota, 11 cities; 
population, 157,009: 

1952 

1953 

South Dakota, 13 cities; 
population, 174,799: 

1952 

19.53 _ 

South Atlantic,! 198 cities; 
population, 6,757,392: 

1952 

1953 _ 

Percent change 



Delaware, 4 cities; popu- 
lation, 124,845: 

1952 ., 

1953 

Florida, 35 cities; popula- 
tion, 1,071,859: 

1952 

1953 

Georgia, 21 cities; popula- 
tion, 550,781: 

19,52 

19.53 -. 

Maryland, 16 cities; pop- 
ulation, 1,138,506: 

1952 

1953 



Total 



82.003 
86, 953 



66,415 
67, 934 



20, 809 
22, 216 



91, 650 

96, 8i7 

+5.7 



12,511 
13,408 



14, 405 
14, 935 



19, 155 
21. 155 



33, 960 
35, 870 



7,440 
7,546 



1,781 
1,995 



2,398 
1,938 

H6, 798 

152, 828 

+4-1 



2,753 
2,791 



26, 456 
29, 094 



8,453 
9,457 



23, 256 
27, 818 



Murder 

and 
nonneg- 
llgent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



150 
174 



201 
199 



157 
137 



660 
+2.8 



103 
114 



71 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



85 
117 



148 
137 



121 

157 



Rape 



976 
923 



326 

363 



110 
157 



575 

6i6 

+12.3 



324 
352 



Rob- 
bery 



2,714 
3,448 



2,042 
2,260 



201 
238 



2,788 
3,150 
+13.0 



+ 11.1 



188 
262 



139 
158 



328 
348 



476 
533 



1,726 
1,966 



97 
120 



i,163 
+7.S 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



4,474 
4,836 



248 
329 



,650 
-1.1 



Bur- 

glary- 

break- 

ingor 

entering 



15,0.56 
15, 702 



13,564 
12,867 



2,569 
2,943 



19, 539 

20, 613 

+5.5 



563 
721 



165 
201 



812 
1,011 



82 
115 



358 
449 



127 
135 



2,955 
2,836 



151 
106 



16, 09 J, 
16, 192 
+0.6 



2,247 
2,508 



3,152 
3,447 



4,115 
4,542 



7,978 
8,112 



1,385 
1,320 



261 
332 



401 
352 



33, 82i 

35,017 

+3.5 



Lar- 
ceny — 
theft 



50,475 
51,804 



42, 328 
43, 965 



15, 853 
16,899 



55, 294 

58, 002 

+4.9 



1, 085 
1,333 



1,085 
1, 242 



1, .596 
1,674 



718 
597 



7,247 
8,171 



2,349 
2, 593 



4,996 
5,937 



8,810 
9,506 



9,205 
9,339 



12, 328 
13, 403 



16,887 
17, 702 



4,911 
5,080 



1,357 
1,534 



1,796 
1,438 



73, ess 

77, 595 
+5.S 



1,673 
1,762 



14, 775 
15, 714 



3,582 
4,103 



10, 203 
13, 331 



'Includes the District of Columbia. 



77 

'able 26.— urban crime TRENDS, 1952 
SIGNS AND STATES— 


-53, BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVI- 
-Continued 


Divisions and States 


Total 


Murder 

and 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 


Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 


Rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
entering 


Lar- 

cenv — 
theft 


-\uto 
theft 


uth Atlantic— Con. 

orth Carolina, 47 cities; 

population, 1,023,267: 

1952 

1953 

)Uth Carolina, 20 cities; 

population, 398,367: 

1952 

1953 

irginia, 33 cities; popula- 
tion, 1,197,639: 

1952 

1953 ..^ 

'est Virginia, 21 cities; 

population, 449,950: 

1952 

1953 

ist South Central, 99 

cities; population, 

3,076,292: 

1952- 

1953 


19, 862 
19, 262 

7,963 
8,633 

29, 084 
29, 119 

4,695 
4,578 

47. 757 

47, 995 

+0.5 


115 
114 

30 
35 

108 
139 

26 
27 

595 

578 

-S.8 


69 

57 

10 

7 

55 
63 

5 
3 

127 

104 

-18.1 


98 
93 

66 
45 

227 
194 

7 
18 

267 

205 

-21.0 


330 
284 

93 
90 

779 
770 

135 
123 

1,625 
1,521 
-6.4 


4,032 
3, 783 

547 
523 

2,896 
2,871 

232 
222 

5,409 
5, 775 
+10.7 


4,110 
4,193 

1, 756 
1,894 

6,110 
5,906 

1,147 
1,146 

15, 551 
15, 845 
+2.2 


9,276 
9,246 

4,688 
5, 253 

15,425 
16,004 

2,514 
2,494 

22, 010 

21, 929 

-0.4 


1,632 
1,492 

773 

786 

3,484 
3,172 

629 
645 

6, 585 
6,24'B 
-2.2 


Percent change _- 

labama, 31 cities; popu- 
lation, 963,560: 
1952__ 


13, 885 
14, 121 

15,957 
16,462 

3,666 
3,577 

14, 249 
13, 835 

100, 781 

107, 594 

+6.8 


133 
146 

71 
81 

46 
31 

143 
120 

612 

491 

-4.1 


22 
23 

42 
29 

16 
2 

47 
50 

201 

215 

+0.0 


65 
63 

127 
73 

38 
16 

27 
51 

697 

692 

-0.8 


325 
343 

758 
662 

68 
47 

474 
469 

2,197 
2,SU 
+6.7 


1,367 
1,258 

1,028 
1,092 

309 

284 

705 
1,141 

4,499 
4,251 
-5.5 


4,120 
4,461 

4,338 
4,243 

893 
1,121 

4,200 
4,018 

25, 866 

25, 921 

+8.6 


6,114 
6,220 

7,144 
7,680 

2,003 
1,809 

6,749 
6,220 

65, 760 

60, 057 

+7.7 


1,739 
1,607 

2,449 
2,602 

293 
267 

1,904 
1,766 

15, 149 

15, 746 

+4.6 


1953 


entucky, 32 cities; pop- 
ulation, 752,071: 
1952 


1953 


[ississippi, 15 cities; 
population, 331,333: 
1952 


1953.. 


ennessee, 21 cities; pop- 
ulation, 1,029,328: 
1952 

1953.... 


est South Central, 136 
cities; population, 
4,911,873: 
1952 


1953 


Percent change 

rkansas, 15 cities; pop- 
ulation, 280,558: 
1952 


4,043 
4,564 

11,821 
12, 571 

15,988 
16,441 

68, 929 

74, 018 

48, 759 

60, ges 

+4.5 

9,549 
9,841 


26 
29 

84 
75 

50 
47 

352 
340 

7^ 

76 

+6.6 


11 
6 

60 
57 

18 
29 

112 
121 

45 

56 

-16.5 


13 
16 

169 
179 

97 
73 

318 
324 

225 

247 

+9.8 


141 
114 

462 
450 

290 
296 

1,304 

1,484 

1,180 
1,186 
+0.5 


249 
255 

861 
833 

422 
311 

2,967 
2,852 

724 

716 

-1.1 


958 
1,202 

2,658 
2,563 

3,769 
3,767 

16, 481 
18, 389 

10, 559 
11,566 
+11.7 


2,314 

2,580 

.5, 372 
5,815 

9,574 
10,097 

38,500 
41,545 

51,216 

52, 288 

+5.4 


331 
362 

2,155 
2,599 

1,768 
1,821 

8,895 
8,963 

4,920 


1953.. 


ouisiana, 19 cities; pop- 
ulation, 912,883: 
1952.... 


1953 


klahoma, 35 cities; pop- 
ulation, 831,575: 
1952 


1953 


exas, 67 cities; popula- 
tion, 2,886,857: 
1952.... 


1953 


.ountain, 106 cities; pop- 
ulation, 1,931,118: 
1952 


1953 


Percent change 

rizona, 11 cities; popu- 
lation, 214,040: 
1952.... 


-2.5 


16 
14 


13 
4 


30 

41 


243 

267 


180 
162 


2,035 
2,254 


5,853 
5,946 


1,179 


1953 




1,153 



78 

Table 26.— URBAN CRIME TRENDS, 1952- 
SIONS AND STATES— 


53, BY GEOGRAPHIC Div| 
Continued 


Divisions and States 


Total 


Murder 

and 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 


Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 


Rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
entering 


Lar- 
ceny — 
theft 


i 

Auto 

theft 


Mountain — Con. 
Colorado, 27 cities: pop 
ulation, 716, 559: 
1952 


16, 409 
18, 002 

4,834 
4,971 

3,558 
3,449 

1,681 
1,674 

2,305 
2,608 

7,809 
7,917 

2,594 
2,460 

S20, 692 

2!i5,33It 

+8.t 


27 
39 

4 
4 

4 
3 

4 
2 

4 
3 

7 
10 

6 

1 

281 

290 

+1.0 


8 

3 
3 

2 
6 

i 

8 
2 

8 
13 

1 

Jti9 
Hi 

+6.0 


75 
103 

14 
25 

22 
19 

10 

2 

16 
18 

49 
27 

9 
12 

1,502 
1.618 
+7.7 


579 
595 

43 
41 

38 
41 

64 

57 

48 
52 

96 
86 

69 
47 

7, 679 
8.i95 
+10. 6 


275 
310 

62 

58 

30 
27 

17 
11 

55 
50 

67 
59 

38 
39 

6,365 
7, 033 
+10. 5 


4,117 
4,960 

819 
841 

564 
529 

421 
526 

585 
685 

1,464 
1,411 

3.54 
360 

46, 185 
52, 157 
+12.9 


9,769 
10, 450 

3,473 
3,687 

2, 579 
2,519 

1,025 
972 

1,190 
1, 389 

5,433 
5,525 

1,894 
1,800 

139, 881 

U8, 29/, 

+6.0 


1,59 


1953 _ 


1,531 


Idaho, 21 cities; popula- 
tion, 200,713: 

1952 

1953 - 


41 

:ti 


Montana, 14 cities; pop- 
ulation, 168,723: 

1952 


:!i 


19.53 . - - 


3C 


Nevada, 4 cities; popula- 
tion, 49,651: 
1952 


Hi 


1953 - 


1(1 


New Mexico, 5 cities; pop- 
ulation, 127,859: 

1952 


3d 


1953 


4(' 


Utah, 13 cities; popula- 
tion, 333,184: 

1952 


<k> 


1953 


7i 


Wyoming, 11 cities; popu- 
lation, 120,389: 
1952 


2: 


1953 


2i 


Pacific, 216 cities; popu- 
lation, 8,410,741: 
1952 


24. ; 


1953 


~~ .'' 


Percent change 


+"' 


California, 154 cities; pop- 
ulation, 6,596,251: 
1952 


181, 4C2 
200, 623 

16, 035 
15, 289 

29, 255 
29, 422 


238 
231 

21 
14 

28 
45 


352 
386 

36 

28 

31 
30 


1,270 
1,416 

59 
67 

173 
135 


6,546 
7,427 

260 
301 

873 
767 


5,946 
6,631 

168 
201 

251 
201 


36,618 
42, 632 

3, 705 
3, 350 

5,862 
6,175 


110, 519 
119, 5,50 

10, 481 
10, 094 

18,881 
18,650 


19,9 


1953 

Oregon, 27 cities; popula- 
tion, 655,443: 

1952 


22,3 . 

1,3 
1.2 

3,1; 


1953 


Washington, 35 cities; pop- 
ulation, 1,159,047: 
1952 


1953 


3,4., 







Long-term trends show that major crimes have increased ov( 
39 percent in our larger cities since the 1937-39 pre- World War 1 
average. Population in these cities increased 16.2 percent betwee 
1940 and 1950. No exact population figures are available for 195 
for the specific cities represented; however, as a matter of mteres 
the projected urban growth for the United States was applied to tb 
cities in this study and this indicates a population rise of aboi 
22 percent (1940-1953). 

The long-range figures presented in table 27 and shown graphicall 
in figun^ 10 are based on the reports of 363 identical cities of over 25,00 
hihabitants. Their 1950 combined population was 47,586,584 an 
their 1940 population was 40,951,490. 



79 




Figure 10. 



80 

Table 27.— URBAN CRniE TRENDS, 1937-53 

[Offenses known to the police in 363 cities with over 25,000 inhabitants, total population 47,586,584 based on 

1950 decennial census] 



Year 


Total 


Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 
by negli- 
gence 


Rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 
or enter- 
ing 


Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 


Auto 
theft 


1937 


667, 140 
671. 707 
695. 992 
722, 324 

727, 665 
682, 233 
657, 059 
688, 350 

754, 386 
803, 995 
775, 948 
780, 094 

810,714 
810, 945 
858, 470 
901, 175 
943,455 


2,813 
2,416 
2,565 
2,519 

2,611 
2.671 
2.375 

2.485 

2,681 
3,051 
2.911 
2,915 

2, 662 
2,719 
2,645 
2,860 
2, 805 


2,241 
1,635 
1,437 
1,622 

2, 015 
1,844 
1,,')40 
1, 556 

1, 861 
1,872 
1,645 
1,634 

1,509 
1,773 
1,750 
1,902 
1,799 


3, 527 
3.431 
3. 671 
3,707 

4,051 
4, 4.59 
4,921 
5,208 

5,686 
5,874 
6,022 
5,995 

6,056 
5,926 
6,285 
6,303 
6,534 


30, 413 
31.088 
29, 217 
28, 097 

26, 930 
25. 622 
25,011 
24,129 

29,881 
34. 362 
33. 199 
31, 403 

33,315 
29,386 
29,497 
32, 893 
36,449 


21, 482 
21, 175 
21,. 541 
22, 529 

23, 832 
26, 756 
25, 359 
28,717 

31, 102 
34. 667 
37, 247 
39, 787 

41,278 
41,404 
40, 896 
46, 322 
48, 241 


149, 237 
149, 163 
155, 267 
157, 637 

151,276 
134.654 
137, 286 
141, 184 

166. 903 
183. 763 
179, 045 
181, 386 

190, 722 
187,016 
186, 067 
201.311 
212, 477 


356, 764 
375, 883 
399, 686 
422, 857 

426, 213 
404, 932 
367, 100 
366,391 

397, 514 
429, 513 
427, 794 
436,357 

456, 649 
4,58, 112 
491,970 
500, 354 
519, 633 


100,663 
86, 916 
82.608 
83.356 

90. 737 
81,295 
93. 467 
98,680 

118,758 
110,893 
88,085 
80,617 

78. 523 ! 
84,609 
99, 360 
109, 230 
116, 517 


1938 


1939 


1940 


1941 - 


1942 


1943 


1944 


1945 


1946 


1947 - - 


1948 


1949 


1950 


1951 - - --- 


1952 


1953 





Rural Crime Trends 

Crimes in rural areas increased 9.6 percent in 1953, over twice the 
percentage increase noted in city crime. 

The 1952 and 1953 reports of 1,507 law-anforcement agencies cover-' 
ing a total rural population of 36,658,117 were compared to obtain 
these rural trend figures. In the individual offense classifications, the 
only decrease seen was in negligent manslaughters, down 5.5 percent. 
Increases range from a +0.4 percent for murder to a +16.5 percent i 
for burglaries. Increases were substantial in other categories. 

Crime in rural areas (outside the limits of cities and towns) has in- 
creased each year since the publication of such tabulations began with 
the 1944 annual issue of this bulletin. Rural crime trend figures are 
summarized for the United States as a whole and are not broken down 
by geographical divisions or states. This presentation of the rural 
crime data is necessary since the broad coverage available for cities 
has not been obtained for rural areas. Reports from law-enforcement 
agencies representing rural areas are coiitril)uted on a voluntary basis 
as are the reports from city police departments. 




Figure 11. 



293671°— 54- 



82 



Table 28.— RURAL CRIME TRENDS, 1952-53 

[Based on reports of 1,392 sheriffs, 104 rural village officers, and 11 State police; total rural population 
36,658,117, based on the 1950 decennial census] 



Offense 



Number of offenses 



1952 



1953 



Percent 
change 



TOTAL. _ 

Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 

Manslaughter by negligence 

Rape --- 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary — breaking or entering.. 

Larceny — theft 

Auto theft 



207, 406 



227,814 



1,672 
2,114 
4,250 
6,258 

11,710 
64,134 
95,606 
21, 662 



1,679 
1,997 
4,480 
6,852 

12, 684 

74, 745 

102, 005 

22, 872 



+9.61 



+0.41 
-5.6- 

+5.4 
+9.5 

+8.3 

+16.5 

+6.7 

+5.6 



Monthly Variations 

A glance at the calendar tells us what crimes are in season. Police 
tabulations do not show the causes of crime, but they do reveal 
definite seasonal crime patterns when examined from month-to-month. 
These crime seasons have varied so little from year-to-year that fairly; 
reliable forecasts can be made for the current year. This feature is of 
inestimable value to the alert police administrator. 

A study of the figures by quarters of the 3^ear supports the following | 
general observations: Criminal assaults and murders occur more 
frequently during July-September. This seems to establish as warm 
weather crimes all but one of the offenses against the person. The 
one exception is the negligent manslaughter classification. Crimes 
against the person classifications are: (1) murder and nonnegligent 
manslaughter; (2) manslaughter by negligence; (3) rape; and (4) 
aggravated assaults. 

Traffic killings as reflected in the negligent manslaughter classifi- 
cation reflect a seasonal pattern opposite that of other crimes against 
the person. Negligent manslaughter includes such negligent killings 
as the negligent shooting of a hunter mistaken for a deer; however, 
the grossly negligent driver in an auto accident accounts for most 
victims counted in the negligent manslaughter class. Traffic deaths 
classed as accidental or due to the negligence of the victim are not 
counted as oft"enses. 

The first and last quarters of the year are high in the frequency of 
negligent manslaughters. These are the darker months of the year 
and darkness and generally unfavorable driving conditions prevailing 
in the colder months undoubtedly contribute to the rise in these crimes. 
Detailed studios of contributing factors in traffic fatalities are avail- 
able through the reporting system of the National Safety Council. 



83 



MONTHLY VARIATIONS 
Offenses Known to the Police , 1953 

2,542 URBAN POUCE AGENCIES" TOTAL POPULATION 76,811,320 

(Offenses Against the Person) 



Murder 



Negligent Manslaughter 





Rape 



+ 50% 

+ »o;5 
+ x% 
+ x% 

+ lOS 

I ANNUAL 



->u*<< -) -> < 



-JOS — 

-MX — 

-*o% I— 

-SOX 





Aggravated Assault 



^ "^ c£ 

£^ $ I 

u. < < 



i § § ^ 

3 J 3 ij" 



Si 




84 



MONTHLY VARIATIONS 
Offenses Known to the Police , 1953 

2,542 URBAN POUCE AGENCIES - TOTAL POPULATION 76,811,320 

(Offenses Against Property) 




Figure 13. 



85 



Robbery and thievery are high for the months October through De- 
cember. These are crimes with property as their object and the darker 
months of the year seem generally more conducive to such activity. 
Crimes against property are as follows: (1) robbery; (2) burglary — 
breaking or entering; (3) larceny — theft; and (4) auto theft. 

Larceny makes the least clearly defined seasonal picture of the 
crimes plotted by month on the graphs in figures 12 and 13. A 
variety of criminal activities are lumped into the larceny classification. 
A study of larcenies by type in prior ^^ears has shown that generally 
purse-snatching, shoplifting, and thefts from autos are high during 
October-March, but on the other hand bicycle thefts reach their low 
during those months. Auto accessory thefts reach their high in the 
early months of the year and fall off to a low in December. Pocket- 
picking steps up at the year's end but is low in the first few months 
of the year. 

Table 29.— MONTHLY VARIATIONS, URBAN COMMUNITIES, 1953 

[Daily average, offenses known to the police in 2,542 cities, total population 76,811,320, based on 1950 decen- 
nial census! 





Criminal homicide 


Rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated as- 
sault 


Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 
or en- 
tering 


Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 




Month 


Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 


Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 


Auto 
theft 


January-December. . 


10.2 


7.6 


24.7 


134.7 


178.0 


862.5 


2, 079. 4 


409.9 


January-M arch 

April-June 


9.3 
10.1 
11.3 

9.9 


7.7 
7-4 
6.3 
8.9 


U.0 

26.9 
23.4 


137. 3 
Ul.l 
125. 1 
165.1 


1613 
180.4 
196.8 
170.1 


886.1 
798. 4 
837.3 
928.3 


1,969.2 
2,061.0 
2, 073. 8 
2,211.1 


iU.8 
393. 3 


July-September 

October-December. 


393. 7 
437.8 


January. . . . ... 


9.4 
9.4 
9.1 
9.9 

9.5 
U.O 
10.5 
12.7 

10.7 
9.7 

10.3 
9.5 


8.7 
6.8 
7.5 
7.6 

6.8 
7.8 
5.9 
6.8 

6.2 
7.7 
7.7 
11.1 


24.0 
24.0 
24.1 
23. 1 

24.4 
26.1 
27.5 
27.7 

25.4 
24.3 
22.8 
23.1 


147.6 
138.5 
126.0 
111.9 

112.2 
109.2 
114.9 
127.8 

132.8 
139. 6 
156.3 
198.9 


156.0 
164.4 
172.6 
170.7 

184.4 
185.9 
196.4 
203.7 

190.0 
179.2 
168.6 
162.5 


906.8 
881.3 
869.8 
831.8 

787.7 
776.0 
815.3 
858.4 

838. 1 

835.7 

938.7 

1,010.7 


1,873.4 
1,987.1 
2, 048. 7 
2, 073. 7 

2, 038. 3 
2,071.8 
2. 004. 
2, 107. 6 

2,111.0 
2, 227. 6 
2,211.3 
2, 194. 2 


426.9 


February _ 


41.5.4 


March . 


402.3 


April 


393.8 


May 


403.5 


June . . - - 


382.3 


July 


374.6 


August 


393.8 


September. .. 


413.4 


October 


436.3 


November _.. 


447.8 


December. . 


429.8 







CRIME RATES 

Crime rates, the number of crimes per 100,000 people in the general 
population, provide a device for eliminating differences in the number 
of inhabitants in various areas. They are presented here so that cer- 
tain studies or comparisons might be possible. Basically, a crime rate 
is determined by dividing the number of crimes by the population rep- 
resented and multiplying the answer by 100,000, carrying the rate out 
to 1 decimal place. Possibly a simpler method would involve adjust- 
ing the raw crime figures by the ratio of the local population to 100,000. 
Thus, a city of 25,000 with 80 burglaries would have a burglary rate 
of 320.0 per 100,000 (100,000-^-25,000X80) and a city of 300,000 with 
750 auto thefts would have an auto theft rate of 250.0 (100,000-^ 
300,000X750). 

Before any use is made of crime rates it would be well to review the 
factors which affect the amount of crime in the community as listed in 
the text concerning offenses in individual areas in this bulletin. 

Also, it should be noted that the FBI prepares these crime rates on 
the basis of the latest available decennial census figures from the 
Bureau of the Census. The last regular census for the United States 
was as of April 1, 1950. The Bureau of the Census from time to time 
publishes up-to-date estimates of population. These estimates are for 
individual states and the country as a whole. However, generally 
there are no over-all estimates available for individual cities. 

The Bureau of the Census in its estimates of population does not 
attempt to delineate between urban and rural population. Under 
the uniform crime reporting system, crime figures are collected sepa- 
rately for urban communities (cities) and for rural conmiunities and 
are presented separately for the benefit of contributors as well as other! 
students of the crime problem. 

The latest estimates of population by individual states as of July 1, 
1953, by the Bureau of the Census are provisional, but they show that 
for the United States (urban and rural combined) the population since 
1950 increased 5.1 percent. Thus, it will be observed that since the 
crime rate tables are based on the 1950 population it may be desirable 
for certain purposes to make adjustments in the population figures 
and refigure or adjust the rates. 

(86) 



87 

Urban Crime Rates 

Urban crime rates are shown for the following: (1) all cities together; 
(2) each of the city groups (cities in 6 groups by size); (3) geographic 
divisions; (4) States; and (5) each of the city groups within geographic 
divisions. 

As in the past, the crime rates tend to show that, generally, the 
larger population centers have more crime per 100,000 people in the 
general population. 

In the absence of estimated population increases for all cities, the 
trend in urban growth reflected in the decennial censuses of 1930, 1940, 
and 1950 was projected through 1953 and the percent distribution of 
urban and rural population thus determined was applied to the total 
estimated United States population as of July 1, 1953. A comparison 
of this projected urban population with the known urban population 
as of April 1, 1950, reflected an increase of about 5.2 percent. For 
illustration purposes it was assumed that the population of the 2,542 
cities represented in the urban crime rate tables had increased 5.2 
percent. The 1950 population shown in the tables for the 2,542 cities 
is 76,811,320. This was increased by 5.2 percent and the crime rates 
recalculated. The effect of the increased population on rates is shown 
in the following: 

Urban Crime Rates 



Murder and normegligent manslaughter 

Negligent manslaughter 

Rape 

Robbery. _ 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary — breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft 

It is obvious, of course, the increased population figure gives lower 
rates. The estimated rates are 4.9 percent less (before rounding off 
rates). Accordingly, it is highly important in any use made of the 
crime rate figures published here to recognize the problem of shifts in 
population since the last decennial census. 



1950 popula- 
tion 


Estimated 

population 

(1953) 


4.8 

3.6 

11.7 

64.0 


4.6 
3.4 
11.2 
60.9 


84.6 
409.9 
988.1 
194.8 


80.4 
389.6 
939.3 
185.2 



88 

Table 30.— URBAN CRIME RATES, 1953, BY POPULATION GROUPS 

[Offenses known to the police and rate per 100,000 inhabitants. Population figures based on 1950 

decennial census] 



Population group 



TOTAL, GROUPS I-VI 

2,542 cities; total population, 
76,811,320: 
Number of offenses known- 
Rate per 100,000 



Criminal homicide 



Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaughter 



38 cities over 250,000; total popu- 
lation, 32,149,292: 
Number of offenses known. _ 
Rate per 100,000 



54 cities, 100,000 to 250,000; total 
population, 9,460,149: 
Number of offenses known _ _ 
Bate per 100,000 



126 cities, 50,000 to 100,000; total 
population, 8,894,684: 
Number of offenses known _ . 
Rate per 100,000 



237 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; total 
population, 8,373,754: 
Number of offenses known _ . 
Rate per 100,000 



667 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; total 
population, 10,271,379: 
Number of offenses known _ 
Rate per 100,000 



1,410 cities under 10,000; total 
population, 7,662,062: 
Number of oft'enses known . . 
Rate per 100,000 



3,707 
4.8 



2,020 
6.3 



581 
6.1 



361 
4.1 



290 
3.5 



277 
2.7 



178 
2.3 



Man- 
slaughter 
by negli- 
gence 



Rape 



2, 782 9, 020 
3.8 11.7 



1,578 
4.9 



369 
3.9 



282 
3.2 



258 
3.1 



158 
1.5 



117 
1.5 



5,696 
17.7 



1,024 
10.8 



700 
7.9 



Rob- 
bery 



49, 171 
84.0 



552 
5.4 



494 
6.4 



36, 040 
112.1 



5,027 
53.1 



2,987 
33.6 



554 1, 974 
6. 6 23. 6 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



64,981 314,828 
84. 6 409. 9 



1,934 
18.8 



1,209 
15.8 



40,453 
125.8 



7,707 
81.5 



6,988 
78.6 



3,939 
47.0 



3, 695 
36.0 



2,179 
28.4 



Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 



758, 991 
988.1 



163,027 336,730 
507.1 1,047.4 



32, 339 
363.6 



91,339 
1,026.9 



27, 882 86, 285 
333.0 ,1,030.4 



29, 865 
290.8 



16, 950 
221.2 



92, 085 
896.5 



45, 892 
599.0 



Auto 
theft 



149. 629 
194.8 



86, 373 

268.7 



44,765 ,106,660 20.382 
473.2 11,127.5 215.5 



14,656 

164.8 



11.154 
13:12 



10, 725 
104 



4.4 



^2. 7 



89 



Table 31.— URBAN CRIME RATES, 1953, BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS 

AND STATES 
I Offenses known per 100,000 inhabitants. Population based on 1950 decennial census] 



Division and State 



TOTAL 
S'ew England. 



Connecticut 

Maine 

Massachusetts. -. 
New Hampshire- 
Rhode Island 

Vermont 



ffiddle Atlantic. 



New Jersey 

New York 

Pennsylvania.. 

!ast North Central. 



Illinois 

Indiana 

Michigan.. 

Ohio 

Wisconsin. 



Vest Worth Central. 



Iowa , 

Kansas 

Minnesota 

Missouri 

Nebraska 

North Dakota. 
South Dakota. 

louth Atlantic i 



Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Maryland 

North Carolina. 
South Carolina. 

Virginia 

West Virginia... 

iast South Central... 



Alabama 

Kentucky. . 
Mississippi. 
Tennessee.. 



ffest South Central. 



Arkansas. . 
Louisiana.. 
Oklahoma. 
Texas 



lountain. 



Arizona 

Colorado 

Idaho 

Montana 

Nevada 

New Mexico. 

Utah 

Wyoming 



"acific. 



California 

Oregon 

Washington . 



Murder, 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaughter 



4.8 



Robbery 



1.4 



1.8 
1.6 
1.3 
.4 
1.2 



2.7 
3.1 

1.7 

4.4 



5.6 
3.9 
4.5 
4.2 
1.1 

3.4 



1.1 
3.8 
1.1 
7.5 
1.9 



10.4 



3.1 
10.9 
15.5 

6.9 
11.3 

8.3 
11.6 

6.0 

12.2 



14.9 
10.7 
9.2 
11.6 



10.2 
8.3 

5.6 
11.4 

3.8 



6.7 
5.3 
2.0 
1.9 
3.5 
1.9 
3.1 



3.5 
2.1 
3.8 



14.7 



16.8 
9.4 

1.5.6 
3.4 

14.0 
2.9 

61.2 



38.1 
80.3 
24.1 

80.5 



130.6 
50.7 
88.4 
47.9 
13.2 

51.1 



14.7 

41.4 

35.8 

105. 

22.3 

8.1 

8.7 

60.5 



45.3 
65.7 
47.2 
88.3 
27.0 
23.2 
63.2 
27.4 

48.6 



35.0 
87.4 
14.2 
44.6 

47.2 



36.6 
51.8 
35.6 
50.2 

61.4 



114.6 
81.8 
20.1 
46.8 

110.0 
38.8 
25.5 
38.6 



110.8 
44.9 
65.3 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



14.9 



30.6 
6.9 

11.1 
3.8 

17.9 



54.6 
84.2 
22.2 



73.4 



90.0 
45.2 
123.9 
43.5 
18.3 

59.0 



10.5 
53.4 
9.0 
151.3 
19.9 
1.9 
6.0 

231.8 



17.7 
119.6 
223.5 
145.1 
364. 2 
131.7 
235. 

49.1 

121.2 



128.0 
144.2 
83.8 
110.2 

86.1 



97.9 
93.1 
39.2 
95.6 

39.4 



78.8 
42.8 
28. 5 
34.3 
28.4 
41.3 
18.0 
33.2 

82.2 



98.7 
30.6 
17.2 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 
or en- 
tering 



409.9 



249.0 



318.1 
188. 5 
224.9 
191.4 
326.8 
175.6 

381.3 



346.8 
450.6 
203.6 

323.8 



325.4 
409.9 
405.1 
278.0 
164.7 

336.0 



228.8 
412.0 
309.1 
435.3 
246.9 
207.6 
205. 7 

514.3 



459. 9 
735. 
477.2 
517.6 
400.6 
452. 4 
493. 
254.4 

443.0 



454.1 
560.2 
332.1 
384.0 

515.2 



411.0 

278.5 
448.0 
618.0 

583.6 



978.7 
684.2 
418.5 
336.1 
1, 014. 7 
501.8 
421.0 
298.3 

617.2 



644.0 
505.3 
527.3 



Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 



615.8 



687.9 
653.2 
.570. 4 
536.5 
767.2 
611.7 

682.1 



607.9 

782. 5 
445. 7 

942.6 



631.2 

1, 107. 

1, 339. 8 

945.4 

940.9 

942.8 



865.6 
1,117.1 
904.4 
947.7 
946.3 
963.6 
839.5 

1, 129. 2 



1, 355. 2 
1,362.9 

958. 9 
1,165.3 

874.0 
1,210.2 
1,316.7 

551.1 

703.7 



639. 5 

1,014.0 

534.7 

595.0 

1, 193. 4 



852.0 

632.0 

1, 201. 

1, 402. 

1, 652. 1 



2, 601. 1 
1, 475. 1 
1, 822. 8 
1,481.2 
1,917.6 
1, 167. 7 
1, 633. 6 
1, 432. 6 

1, 755. 8 



1, 806. 
1, 524. 6 
1, 600. 3 



Auto 
theft 



194.8 



113.6 



108. 5 
97.9 

118.6 
59.4 

129.0 
90.7 

137.7 



131.9 
144.0 
123.7 

174.6 



172.4 
199.3 
257.4 
131.1 



169.2 



9.5.7 
144.7 
158. 3 
251.3 
165.9 
67.5 
72.6 

264.9 



259. 5 
254.3 
285.0 
477.2 
144. 5 
182.0 
255.0 
120.7 

199.7 



163.6 

343. 5 

79.1 

168.9 

270.1 



125.1 
281.6 
216.3 
298.2 

248.4 



500.6 
213.5 
154.7 
239.2 
221.7 
286.8 
229.0 
161.5 

318.4 



336.3 
185.6 
291.8 



> Includes the report of the District of Columbia. 
293671° — 54 — — 4 



90 



Table 32.— URBAN CRIME RATES, 1953, BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS 
AND POPULATION GROUPS 

[Offenses known per 100,000 inhabitants. Population figures based on 1950 decennial census] 



Division and group 



TOTAL 
New England. 



Group I 

Group II 

Group Ill- 
Group IV_- 

Group V 

Group VL.. 

Middle Atlantic. 



Group I... 
Group II.. 
Group Ill- 
Group IV_ 
Group V... 
Group VL 



East North Central. 



Group I--- 
Group II.. 
Group III. 
Group IV. 
Group V... 
Group VI. 



West North Central. 



Group I 

Group II .- 
Group III.. 
Group IV.. 

Group V 

Group VI.. 

South Atlantic >. 



Group I... 
Group II.. 
Group III. 
Group IV- 
Group V.-. 
Group VI- 



East South Central. 



Group I... 
Group II.. 
Group III. 
Group IV_ 
Group v.. 
Group VI- 



West South Central- 



Group I... 
Group II-. 
Group III. 
Group IV. 
Group V... 
Group VI- 



Mountain. 



Group I... 
Group II-. 
Group Ill- 
Group IV. 
Group V... 
Group VI. 



Pacific. 



Group I.-.. 
Group II-. 
Group III. 
Group IV.. 
Group V... 
Group VI. 



Murder, 
nonnpR- 

ligent 

man- 
slaughter 



4.8 



1.4 



2.7 
1.4 
1.9 

.8 
.7 
.3 

2.8 



3.9 
2.1 
1.9 
l.fi 
.9 
.8 

4.4 



6.8 
5.2 
2.6 
1.8 
1.6 
1.3 

3.4 



6.3 
4.3 
.9 
1.0 
1.1 
1.0 

10.4 



10.1 
11.9 
10.8 
10.7 
10.3 
6.8 

12.2 



12.4 
17.0 
9.5 
10.7 
9.2 
9.4 

9.8 



15.6 
8.1 
6.9 

11. 1 
4.4 
2.6 

3.8 



4.2 
4.1 
3.2 
.9 
3.5 

3.4 



4. 1 
3.9 
2.2 
2.2 
2.5 
2.9 



Robbery 



64.0 



14.7 



31.8 
20.4 
11.4 
10. 5 
.5.0 
3.6 

61.2 



100.7 
24.9 
20.4 
13.3 
12.6 
7.0 

80.5 



138. 4 
64.4 
37.5 
24.6 
20.9 
14.7 

51.1 



101.9 
49.8 
22.0 
10.9 
13.1 
9.2 

60.5 



99.5 
85.1 
38.0 
28.2 
20.3 
23.9 

48.6 



79.4 
47.0 
48.2 
20.8 
2.3.4 
13.0 

47.2 



73.5 
56. 5 
29.6 
21.5 
13.0 
26.6 

61.4 



117.8 
76. 5 
59.3 
64.7 
16.8 
32. 9 

99.4 



136. 9 
89.5 
80.1 
49.5 
45.8 
30.8 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



84.6 



14.9 



30.4 

27.8 
7.6 
7.1 
3.2 
5.8 

66.2 



103. 5 
32.2 
36.7 
19.5 
16.4 
11.6 

73.4 



117.5 
76.0 
60.6 
23. 1 
18.1 
10.5 

59.0 



124.2 
58. 1 
27.1 
6.2 
8.5 
3.9 

231.8 



328.0 
214.6 
221.0 
178.5 
172.6 
140.4 

121.2 



142.3 
92.2 
182.9 
166.9 
91.4 
48.4 

86.1 



89.7 
94.4 
130.6 
99.9 
54.4 
46.5 

39.4 



62. 1 
41.2 
44.6 
42.1 
13.1 
32.5 

82.2 



129.2 
23.7 
40.2 
26.1 
28.5 
29. 1 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 

or 
entering 



409.9 



249.0 



142.6 
347.2 
262.2 
231.9 
207.1 
167.0 

381.3 



520. 6 
292.7 
267. 
244.3 
178.0 
140.2 

323.8 



370. 7 
430.2 
282.6 
286.2 
2.52. 9 
201.5 

338.0 



451. 2 
466.0 
296.3 
223.7 
248.2 
150.4 

514.3 



559. 5 
674.8 
488.7 
451.6 
407.9 
279.4 

443.0 



540. 9 
509. 4 
417.9 
323.0 
384.3 
215. 2 

515.2 



698.3 
576.8 
481.9 
420.5 
266.9 
216.6 

583.6 



841.8 
789. 1 
679. 2 
556. 5 
346. 9 
378.1 

617.2 



685. 2 
474.2 
591.4 
607.0 
558.5 
446. 1 



Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 



615.8 



571.8 
74.5. 7 
663.0 
573.4 
500. 
4.33. 8 

682.1 



803.4 
601.2 
581.5 
614.2 
.537. 3 
393.2 

942.6 



969.6 

1, 169. 2 

1,010.6 

1, 034. 2 

920.9 

492.0 

942.8 



1,048.1 

1,273.5 

1,153.3 

881.9 

845.2 

441.8 

1. 129. 2 



1,226.4 
1,33.5.8 
1,123.3 
1,215.0 
872.5 
582.5 

703.7 



820.3 
768.6 
826.3 
716.4 
535. 6 
292.9 

1, 193. 4 



1,347.0 
1, 536. 8 
1, 394. 
1, 0,59. 5 
783.1 
440.5 

1. 652. 1 



1, 449. 1 
2, 242. 3 
1, 693. 8 
2, 222. 5 
1,405.3 
1,215.5 

1,755.8 



1,633.1 
1,778.6 
1,972.9 
2, 054. 2 
1,990.3 
1, 568. 7 



1 Includes the report of the District of Columbia. 



91 



Table 33.— NUMBER OF CITIES IN EACH POPULATION GROUP, GEO- 
GRAPHIC DIVISION, AND STATE REPRESENTED IN THE URBAN 
CRIME RATE TABULATIONS (TABLES 30-32) 





Total 


Population group 


Division and State 


Over 
250,000 


100,000 to 
250,000 


50,000 to 
100,000 


25,000 to 
50,000 


10,000 to 
25,000 


Less than 
10,000 


TOTAL: 

Population, 76,811,320 


2,542 


38 


64 


126 


237 


667 


1,410 


New England : 

Population, 6,278,349 


180 


1 


11 


17 


32 


66 


53 




26 
18 
95 
15 
16 
10 

559 




4 


2 

1 

11 
1 
2 


11 
2 

13 
2 
3 
1 

44 


3 

6 

45 

5 

6 

1 

141 

41 
42 

58 

145 


6 






9 


Massachusetts 

New Hampshire 


1 


6 


19 

7 




1 


4 






8 


Middle Atlantic : 

Population, 18,963,375 


6 


11 


24 


333 


New Jersey 


149 
173 
237 

615 


2 
3 

1 

8 


4 
4 
3 

10 


8 
6 
10 

31 


14 
16 
14 

63 


80 




102 




151 


East North Central: 

Population, 18,574,531 


358 




167 
88 
113 
165 
82 

283 


1 

1 
1 
4 

1 

5 


1 
4 
2 
3 


10 

4 
7 
6 
4 

9 


14 
9 
9 
19 
12 

18 


40 
18 
31 
41 
15 

72 


101 




52 




63 


Ohio 


92 




50 


West North Central : 

Population, 6,202,919 


4 


175 




67 
53 
70 
40 
25 
12 
16 

246 




1 
2 

1 


4 

1 


7 
2 
3 
3 


10 
19 
15 
14 
7 
3 
4 

58 


45 






29 




2 
2 
1 


49 




2 

1 


19 






16 






2 

1 

27 


7 








1 
20 


10 


South Atlantic : 

Population, 7,771,087 


3 


9 


129 




5 
1 
46 
30 
19 
56 
27 
40 
22 

109 




1 








4 


District of Columbia.-- 


1 










3 

1 


2 
3 


7 
4 
2 
5 
1 
5 
3 

11 


10 

7 
7 
16 
5 
9 
4 

27 


24 




1 

1 


14 




9 




1 


5 
3 
4 
3 

4 


29 






18 






3 


19 






12 


East South Central : 

Population, 3,138,618 


3 


5 


59 




36 
33 
16 
24 

162 


1 

1 


2 


1 
2 

1 


3 
2 
4 
2 

11 


9 
6 
5 

7 

54 


20 




22 






6 




1 
4 


3 

7 


11 


West South Central : 

Population, 5,178,011 


8 


78 




21 
23 
38 
80 

130 




1 

1 
2 
3 

2 




3 
2 
2 
4 

10 


5 
6 
16 
27 

21 


12 




1 




13 






18 


Texas 


3 

1 


8 
3 


35 


Mountain : 

Population, 2,087,979 


93 




16 
30 
22 
17 
6 
9 
16 
14 

258 




1 




1 
1 
2 
3 

1 




14 




1 


1 


7 
6 
3 


20 






14 










11 






_ _ 


5 








1 
1 




8 


Utah 




1 


1 
1 

21 


1 

4 

83 


12 






9 


Pacific : 

Population, 8,616,451 


7 


5 


10 


132 


California . - 


186 
33 


5 

1 
1 


3 


10 


14 


66 


88 


Oregon 

Washington 


2 1 8 


22 


39 


2 





5 


9 


22 



92 



Rural Crime Rates 

Raw crime figures for rural areas are shown in table 34. Also these 
crimes in terms of numbers per 100,000 people are presented. The 
reports of 1,725 law-enforcement agencies representing a rural popu- 
lation of 39,917,306 were used. 

Crime rates for rural areas are presented in summary form for the 
entu'e United States. No breakdown by geographic division or State 
is practicable. The coverage of crime reporting from rural areas is not 
as broad as that from urban centers. 

Obviously incomplete or incorrect reports are excluded from tables 
on rural crime data. However, in-some instances it appears possible 
that some of the rural reports used were limited to arrest data. 
Such incompleteness usually exists in the classifications for crimes 
against property where proportionately the fewest arrests are made. 
Along with this it should be noted that generally rm-al areas have 
lower crime rates than cities. 

The 1950 decennial population figures were used in preparing the 
rural crime rates. As observed in the text on urban crime rates, 
current shifts in population should be recognized in any attempt to 
analyze crime rate figures. A study of the possible effects of popu- f 
lation shifts was made by projection as outlined in the urban crime 
rate text. 

Table 34.— RURAL CRIME RATES, 1953 

[Offenses known and rate per 100,000 inhabitants, as reported by 1,573 sheriffs, 141 rural village officers, 
and 11 State police; total rural population 39,917,306, based on 1950 decennial census] 



Offense 



Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 

Manslaughter by negligence 

Rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Autotheft 



Offenses known 



Number Rate 



1,910 
2,212 
5,006 
7,770 

14, 319 
82, 743 
112,463 
25, 049 



4.8 
5.5 
12.5 
19.5 

3.S. 9 

2M 7 
02. S 



Based on the July 1, 1953, population estimate for the United States, 
it was found that rural population had increased about 4.9 percent 
since April 1, 1950. This projected increase for rural areas was 
applied to the population represented in table 34 and the rural rates 
recalculated. The two sets of rural crime rates follow: 



93 



Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter. 

Manslaughter by negligence 

Rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault _ 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft 



Rural Crini 


e Rates 




1950 
population 


Estimated 

population 

(1953) 


4.8 
5.5 
12.5 
19.5 




4.6 
5.3 
12.0 
18.6 


35.9 
207.3 
281.7 

62.8 




34.2 
197.6 
268.6 

59.8 



The 1953 rural crime rates obtained by the 1953 projected popula- 
tion are 4.7 percent less in each class (before rounding off rates) than 
the 1953 rural crime rates based on the 1950 population count. 



OFFENSES IN INDIVIDUAL AREAS 

Offenses in Individual Cities With More Than 25,000 Inhabitants 

The number of offenses reported as having been committed during 
the period of January-December, 1953, is shown in table 35. The 
compilation includes the reports received from police departments in 
cities with more than 25,000 inhabitants. Police administrators and 
other interested individuals will probably find it desirable to compare 
the crime rates of their cities w^ith the average rates shown in tables 
30, 31, and 32 of this publication. Similarly, the}^ w^ill doubtless 
desire to make comparisons with the figures for their communities 
for prior periods, in order to determine whether there has been an 
increase or a decrease in the amount of crime committed. 

Caution should be exercised in comparing crime data for individual 
cities because the differences in the figures may be due to a variety 
of factors. Such comparisons are not necessarily significant even 
though the figures for individual communities are converted into 
terms of the number of offenses per 100,000 inhabitants. 

The following is a list of some of the factors which affect the amount 
of crime in the community: 

Population of the city and metropolitan area adjacent thereto. 

The composition of the population with reference particulary to 
age, sex, and race. 

The economic status and activities of the population. 

Climate. 

Educational, recreational, and religious facilities. 

The number of police employees per unit of population. 

The standards governing appointments to the police force. 

The policies of the prosecuting officials and the courts. 

The attitude of the public toward law-enforcement problems. 

The degree of efficiency of the local law-enforcement agency. 

The figures presented in the following tabulation are those reported 
by the individual police departments in the cities represented without 
reducing the data to crime rates (number of offenses per 100,000 
inhabitants). 

In considering the volume of crime committed locally, it is gen- 
erally more important to determine whether the figures for a given 
community show increases or decreases rather than to ascertain 
whether they exceed or fall short of those for some other individual 
community, and it should be remembered that the amount of crime 
committed in a community is not solely chargeable to the police 
but is rather a charge against the entire community. 

In publishing these figures the FBI acts as a service agency. The 
figures published are those submitted by the contributing agencies. 

(94) 



95 

Table 35.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, 1953, 
CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION 



City 



Abilene, Tex... 
Ahington, Pa.. 

Akron, Ohio 

Alameda, Calif. 
Albany, Qa 



Albany, N.Y 

Albuquerque, N. Mex. 

Ale.xandria, La. 

Alexandria, Va 

Alhambra, Calif 



Aliquippa, Pa.. 
Allcntowm, Pa. 
Alliance, Ohio. 

Alton, 111 

Altoona, Pa 



Amarillo, Tex 

Amsterdam, N. Y. 

Anderson, Ind 

Ann Arbor, Mich. 
Anniston, Ala 



Appleton, Wis... 
Arlington, Mass. 

Ailington, Va 

Asheville, N. C. 
Ashland, Ky 



Athens, Oa 

Atlanta, Ga 

Atlantic City, N. J. 

Anbnm, N. Y 

Augusta, Oa 



Aurora, 111 

Austin, Tex 

Bakersfield, Calif. 

Baltimore, Md 

Bangor, Maine 



Barberton, Ohio 

Baton Rouge, La 

Battle Creek, Mich. 

Bay City, Mich 

Bayonne, N. J 



Beaumont, Tex 

Belleville, 111 

Belleville, N. J 

Bellingham, Wash. 
Belmont, Mass 



Beloit, Wis 

Berkeley, Calif. 

Berwyn, 111 

Bessemer, Ala.. 
Bethlehem, Pa. 



Beverly, Mass 

Beverly Hills, Calif. 

Billings, Mont 

Biloxi, Miss 

Binghamton, N. Y.. 



Birmingham, Ala. 
Bloomfield, N. J.. 
Bloomington, 111. . 
Bloomington, Ind 
Boise, Idaho 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



Robbery 



3 

4 

255 

19 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



290 
41 



155 
2 
13 
5 
4 



10 

1 

2(19 



26 

42 

116 

208 

10 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 
or enter- 
ing 



145 

1,089 
88 
114 

219 
581 
139 
355 
273 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



87 
60 
488 
53 
81 

95 
215 

51 
199 
163 



22 33 24 

Only 9 months received 



Under 
$50 



6 
2 
15 

42 
1 

30 

6 

158 



104 
137 

325 
32 
145 
113 
141 

61 

57 
376 

228 



101 
81 
Onlv 1 month received 



19 
30 
65 

201 
20 
65 

132 

57 

38 
22 
371 
195 



119 
2 

255 

15 

323 

19 

1,656 

1 

5 
78 
26 



63 

2,220 

581 

23 

177 

55 

595 

433 

5,416 

47 

43 
379 
150 
125 
157 

441 
53 
59 
80 
43 

64 
535 
92 



59 
74 
182 



38 

1, 715 

370 

42 

81 

73 

132 

287 

4,191 

36 

40 
180 
125 

51 
107 

161 
40 
22 
75 
24 

53 
209 
49 
32 
62 

47 

49 

305 



Only 9 months received 
■ 1 162 



340 
3 
2 
3 
6 



1,947 
89 
79 
86 
139 



879 
47 
82 
64 

126 



581 
88 
2,411 
509 
165 

440 
973 
212 
1,054 
509 

107 

195 
279 
321 

919 

58 
497 
289 
384 

601 
113 
847 
414 



82 
3,981 
471 
103 
196 

218 
1,984 

934 
7,200 

195 

190 
587 
641 
450 
300 

1,117 
148 
119 
122 
120 

340 

1,249 

119 

90 

241 

100 



577 

1,667 
114 
259 
264 
651 



96 



Table 35.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, 1953, 
CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Continued 



City 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



Boston, Mass. 

Bremerton, Wash 

Bridgeport, Conn 

Bristol, Conn 

Brockton, Mass 

Brookline, Mass 

Brownsville, Tex 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Burbank, Calif 

Burlington, Iowa 

Burlington, Vermont. 

Butte, Mont... 

Cambridgp, Mass 

Camden, N. J 

Canton, Ohio 



Cedar Rapids, Iowa- 
Champaign, 111 

Charleston, S. C 

Charleston, W. Va... 
Charlotte, N. C 

Charlottesville, Va.. 
Chattanooga, Tenn. . 

Chelsea, Mass 

Chester, Pa 

Cheyenne, Wyo 

Chicago, 111. — 

Chieopee, Mass 

Cicero, 111 

Cincinnati, Ohio 

Clarksburg, W. Va.. 



Cleveland, Ohio. 

Cleveland Heights, Ohio. 

Clifton, N. J 

Clinton, Iowa 

Colorado Springs, Colo... 



Columbia, Mo... 
Columbia, S. C. 
Columbus, Ga... 
Columbus, Ohio. 
Compton, Calif. . 



Concord, N. H 

Corpus Christi, Tex.. 
Council Bluffs, Iowa- 
Covington, Ky 

Cranston, R. I 



Cumberland, Md 

Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio. 

Dallas, Tex 

Danville, 111.... 

Danville, Va 



Davenport, Iowa 

Dayton, Ohio... 

Daytona Beach, Fla. 

Dearborn, Mich 

Decatur, 111 



Denver, Colo 

Des Moines, Iowa- 
Detroit, Mich 

Dubuque, Iowa 

Duluth, Minn 



Durham, N. C 

East Chicago, Ind 

East Cleveland, Ohio. 
East Hartford, Conn.. 
East Orange, N. J 



Robbery 



15 
2 
2 
1 

2 
1 
80 
1 
3 

1 
13 

1 
1 

28 

7 

130 



255 
4 
24 



5 

1 

101 

55 

1 

1 
60 
33 
68 
52 

4 

10 
47 
54 
30 

3 

72 

7 

37 

17 



62 

259 

2 

787 
11 
8 
4 
9 



13 
33 

256 



-Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



436 
15 



17 
124 



244 
3 
73 
3 



6 
22 

225 
22 



44 

5 

102 

27 

10 

2 

165 

94 
439 

24 

141 

4 

53 

15 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 
or enter- 
ing 



1,143 
65 

624 
59 

213 

161 

209 

1,164 

347 

34 

98 
153 
220 
573 
348 

146 
104 

608 
277 
576 

56 
705 

48 
160 
109 



64 
96 
101 

4, 352 13, 279 10, 655 
No reports received 
65 
342 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



1,786 
90 

390 
34 

128 

38 

65 

526 

339 

11 

84 
128 
1% 
264 
209 

134 

57 
352 
(') 



(') 



Under 
$50 



351 
1 



No reports received 
117 

54 
316 

14 



2 
283 



851 

2 

106 

12 
241 
Only 9 months received 



22 


22 


24 


4 


490 


258 


65 


36 


2,841 


3,870 


1 




19 


6 


15 


445 


38 


12 


/ 


8 


2 




18 


23 



2,797 
530 

1. 155 
106 
439 

199 

441 

1,470 

1,112 

200 

332 
456 
289 
392 
838 

657 
171 

1,169 
927 

1,106 

187 

813 

64 

106 



10, 944 



225 


148 


303 


1,271 


1,257 


2,823 


87 


19 


63 


2,087 


1, 162 


11,122 


72 


26 


217 


87 


71 


219 


48 


40 


247 


174 


137 


615 



353 


380 


1,150 


34« 


232 


537 


1,869 


1, 592 


3,208 


650 


75 


1,017 


45 


38 


158 


839 


435 


1, 461 


84 


81 


389 


240 


139 


469 


97 


HI 


254 


53 


41 


120 


62 


43 


138 


4,832 


1,050 


10,012 


147 


56 


146 


185 


128 


311 


261 


204 


928 


747 


330 


1,719 



361 


283 


1,874 


237 


90 


463 


3,500 


1,561 


4, 464 


78(i 


466 


1,527 


9,131 


3,415 


22, 672 


85 


56 


255 


171 


200 


817 


261 


191 


451 


208 


228 


454 


104 


36 


242 


125 


62 


181 


353 


183 


402 



See footnote at end of table. 



97 

Table 35.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, 
CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Continued 



1953, 



City 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



Robbery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 
or enter- 
ing 



Larceny — theft 



$50 and 
over 



Under 
$50 



Auto 
theft 



Sast Providence, R. I. 

5ast St. Louis, 111 

laston. Pa 

lau Claire, Wis 

SI Paso, Tex 



'Elein,m 

'Elizabeth, N. J_ 
Elkhart, Ind^.. 
Elmira, N. Y.__ 
Elyria, Ohio 



Enid, Okla..., 

Eric, Pa 

Euclid, Ohio., 
Eiiccne, Ore.. 
Eviinston, 111. 



Evansville, Ind__. 

Everett, Mass 

Everett, Wash.... 
Fairmont, W. Va. 
Full River, Mass. 



Farfio, N. D. 

Fayelteville, N. C. 

FiMiidale, Mich 

Fitchburg, Mass... 
Flint, Mich 



Fund du Lac, Wis 

Fi-rt Dodge, Iowa 

Fort Lauderdale, Fla. 

Fort Smith, Ark 

Foit Wayne, Ind 



Fort Worth, Te.t.... 
Framingham, Mass. 

Fresno, Cahf 

Oailsden, Ala. 

Oaincsville, Fla 



Galesburg, 01... 
Galveston, Tex. 
Garfield, N.J_.. 

Garv, Ind 

r.leudale, Calif. 



Gloucester, Mass 

Grand Forks, N. D... 
Grand Rapids, Mich. 

Granite City, 111 

Great Falls, Mont.... 



Green Bay, Wis... 
Greensboro, N. C. 
iGreeiiville, Miss._ 
Greenville, S. C... 
( ireenwich, Conn. 



Ilackcnsack, N. J. 
Haiicrstown, Md.. 

Hamilton, N. J 

Hamilton, Ohio... 
Hammond, Ind... 



Hampton, Va 

Hamtramck, Mich. 

Harrisburg, Pa 

Hartford, Conn 

Hattiesburg, Miss.. 



Haverford, Pa 

Haverhill, Mass... 

Hazleton, Pa 

Hempstead, N. Y. 
High Point, N. O. 



3 
197 



42 
1 
2 
2 

1 

14 
3 
3 

25 

106 



2 
12 

5 
43 
11 

4 
156 



18 
14 
34 

200 

105 
8 
6 

5 

1 
197 
46 



1 

472 
5 
2 



124 
1 



282 



61 
335 

71 

56 

710 

62 
337 

85 
155 

91 

57 
330 

48 
113 
151 



120 
220 

26 
259 

81 
107 
138 
146 

779 

35 



No reports received 



312 
191 
364 



100 i 2,047 464 

Only 7 months received 



.53 
120 
38 
26 
422 

21 
220 
68 
99 
69 

20 
122 

12 
230 
218 

422 

50 

127 

6 

187 

53 
62 
55 
100 
806 



226 

71 

309 



723 
105 
122 



416 
24 
70 



9 88 26 

No reports received 



1 
300 



33 
931 
513 



29 
6.52 
264 



Only 8 months received 

55 35 

625 273 
143 21 
67 120 



1 

407 

8 

31 

4 

23 



4 
56 
12 

79 
28 
30 
126 
13 



92 
449 
110 

428 
53 

87 
153 
130 
241 
319 

324 
137 
370 
795 
113 



91 
33 
140 
141 



55 
259 

91 
233 

28 

72 

59 

133 

118 

429 

246 
150 
242 
551 
24 

57 
37 
17 
108 
61 



237 
399 

149 

1.50 

2,025 

144 
560 
108 
320 
164 



284 
488 
612 

1,341 

147 

627 

15 

562 

355 
588 
226 
341 
1,914 



508 
274 
939 

3, 708 

1,098 



126 
269 



87 
1,345 
1, 230 



306 

1, 8.32 

225 

252 

148 

498 
266 

487 
70 

155 
392 
312 

388 
869 

471 

265 

462 

1,202 

76 

139 
109 
61 
119 

180 



98 



Table 35.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE 
CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Continued 



City 



Highland Park, Mich... 

Hoboken, N. J 

Holyoke, Mass 

Honolulu City, Hawaii - 
Hot Springs, Ark _ - 



Houston, Tex 

Huntington, W. Va 

Huntington Park, Calif. 

Hutchinson, Kans 

Independence, Mo 



Indianapolis, Ind.. 
Inglewood, Calif. - 
Iowa City, Iowa... 
Irondequoit, N. Y. 
Irvington, N. J 



Ithaca, N. Y 

Jackson, Mich 

Jackson, Miss 

Jackson, Term 

Jacksonville, Fla. 



Jamestown, N. Y ... 
Jefferson City, Mo.. 

Jersey City, N. J 

Johnson City, Term. 
Johnstown, Pa 



Joilet, 111 

Joplin, Mo 

Kalamazoo, Mich.. 

Kankakee. Ill 

Kannapolis, N. C. 

Kansas City, Kans. 
Kansas City, Mo. .. 

Kearny, N. J 

Kenosha, Wis 

Key West, Fla 



Kingston, N. Y., 
Knoxville, Tenn. 

Kokomo, Ind 

La Crosse, Wis... 
La Grange, Ga... 



Lackawanna, N. Y. 

La Fayette, Ind 

Lafayette, La 

Lake Charles, La. . 
Lakeland, Fla 



Lakewood, Ohio 

Lancaster, Pa 

Lansing, Mich... 

Laredo, Tex 

Laurel, Miss 



Lawrence, Mass. 

Lawton, Okla 

Lebanon, Pa 

Lewiston, Maine. 
Lexington, Ky... 



Lima, Ohio. 

Lincoln, Nebr 

Lincoln Park, Mich. 

Linden, N. J 

Little Rock, Ark 



Lockport, N. Y 

Long Beach, Calif 

Lorain, Ohio 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Louisville, Ky 

See footnote at end of table. 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
eent man 
slaughter 



114 
4 
1 



Robbery 



4fi 

11 

8 

34 

in 

19 
34 



371 

44 

1 

3 

11 

1 
13 

15 

8 

169 

4 

2 

84 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



37 
63 
4 
S3 
40 

203 
114 
11 



317 
15 



3 
37 
59 

9 
111 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 
or enter- 
ing 



213 

168 

104 

1,127 

100 

4,631 
229 
290 
157 
105 

2,176 

395 

31 

47 

280 

81 
Ififi 
344 
121 
1,572 

115 

29 

677 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



89 
505 
49 

1,406 

137 

208 

14 

59 

1,675 

276 

32 

6 

99 

161 

87 

55 

1,123 

50 
20 

258 



Under 
$50 



12 


8 


13 


24 


21 


12 


3 


13 


2 


18 




98 


105 


89 


499 


457 


4 


1 


4 


3 



2 


1 


1 


10 


5 


22 


13 


13 



12 


35 


121 


8 


50 


195 


12 


2 


114 


6 


38 


82 


9 


18 


200 


6 


45 


132 


2 


2 


115 


14 


3 


131 


6 


22 


200 



No reports received 

1 57 26 

292 456 255 



70 251 

25 195 1 

No reports received 



96 



679 
129 
222 
2,788 
60 

5,066 
393 
522 
307 
227 

3,713 

593 

93 

114 

299 

282 
494 
544 
235 
2,365 

125 

75 

547 



Only 8 months received 
113 



83 
256 
176 
55 
45 



594 

1,610 

72 

95 

No reports received 



5 74 36 113 

98 I 424 I 248 | 448 
No reports received 

58 36 844 

100 29 114 

99 41 73 

180 114 449 

No reports received 



95 


242 


89 


152 


197 


247 


185 


923 


16 


78 


33 


130 


308 


1,127 


,428 


2,830 


61 


132 


76 


307 



114 


148 


124 


178 


32 


336 


51 


401 


130 


805 


Ki 


247 


18 


84 


41 


359 


57 


381 



231 
618 



556 
1,067 



12 


6 


147 


67 


205 


77 


7 


601 


544 


1,206 


4 


4 


53 


12 


61 


341 


190 


2, 052 


(') 


3,620 


16 


29 


166 


116 


249 


2,956 


4,223 


13, 8,34 


13, 854 


21, 276 


494 


549 


2,543 


2,054 


2,500 



99 

Table 35.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, 1953, 
CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Continued 



City 



Lowell, Mass 

Lower Merion, Pa_ 

Lubbock, Tex 

Lynchburg, Va 

Lynn, Mass 



Ljmwood, Calif 

Macon, Ga 

Madison, Wis 

Maiden, Mass 

Manchester, N. H. 



Manitowoc, Wis.. 
Mansfield, Ohio.-. 
Maplewood, N. J. 

Marion, Ind 

Marion, Ohio 



Mason City, Iowa. 

Massillon, Ohio 

May wood. 111 

Mckeesport, Pa... 

Medford, Mass 



Melrose, Mass... 
Memphis, Term. 
Meriden, Conn.. 
Meridian, Miss.. 
Miami, Fla 



Miami Beach, Fla... 
Michigan City, Ind. 
Middletown, Conn.. 
Middletown, Ohio.. 
Milwaukee, Wis 



Minneapolis, Minn. 

Mishawaka, Ind 

Mobile, Ala 

Moline, 111 

Monroe, La 



Montclair, N. J 

Montgomery, Ala 

Morgantown, W. Va.. 
Mount Lebanon, Pa_. 
Mount Vernon, N. Y. 

Muncie, Ind 

Muskegon, Mich 

Muskogee, Okla 

Nashua, N.H 

Nashville, Tenn 



New Albany, Ind 

New Bedford, Mass... 
New Britain, Conn... 
New Brunswick, N. J_ 
New Castle, Pa 

New Haven, Conn 

New Kensington, Pa.. 
New London, Conn... 

New Orleans, La 

New Rochelle, N. Y.. 

New York, N. Y 

Newark, N. J 

Newark, Ohio 

Newburgh, N. Y 

Newport, Ky 

Newport, R. I 

Newport News, Va 

Newton, Mass 

Niagara Falls, N. Y„. 
Norfolk, Va 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



19 



Robbery 



38 



321 
31 



217 
3 
2 

349 

27 

7 

2 

8 

150 

356 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



664 

2 

104 

400 

17 

25 

2 

13 

292 

83 

9 

181 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 
or enter- 
ing 



120 
113 
291 
54 
243 

132 

231 

146 

38 

56 

25 
125 
15 
40 
124 

38 
6 
31 
110 
47 

18 

761 

27 

99 

1,091 

758 
186 
32 
90 
1,679 

1,328 

72 

200 

64 

50 

91 
215 
27 
20 
112 

3 243 180 

35 225 186 

Only 10 months received 



232 
247 
751 
153 

480 

205 
534 
209 



67 
194 
56 



27 
63 
54 
138 
103 

45 

1,412 

128 

150 

2,523 

487 
101 
37 
148 
992 

2,384 

76 

922 

108 

126 

52 

499 

35 

12 

126 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



Under 
$50 



1 




117 


101 


5 


1 


21 


14 


6 


15 


9 


6 


14 


4 


33 


39 


1 


8 


4 


9 


380 


533 


6 


31 


890 


9,028 


628 


786 


1 




5 


8 


12 


5 


9 


10 


11 


61 


4 


6 


26 


92 


358 


1,313 



103 


35 


841 


568 


52 


64 


346 


256 


152 


142 


123 


34 


84 


67 


609 


306 


28 


33 


129 


57 


1,617 


1,188 


133 


125 


44, 948 


40, 339 


3,270 


1,276 


122 


92 


85 


86 


94 


79 


88 


67 


309 


379 


314 


171 


162 


211 


1,745 


1,391 



297 
307 
1,181 
332 
753 

280 
637 
750 
215 
302 

234 
415 
23 
292 
341 

180 
267 
115 
305 
252 

85 

1,090 

111 

245 

2,437 

760 
446 
108 
384 
4,597 

4,001 
199 
834 
292 
289 

192 

630 

70 

31 

167 

719 
441 

158 
1,160 

280 
965 
268 
319 
170 

881 

49 

196 

2,427 

156 

29, 523 

3,228 

396 

197 

159 

331 

820 

553 

316 

2,263 



100 

Table 35.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, 1953, 
CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Continued 



City 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



Robbery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 
or enter- 
ing 



Larceny — theft 



$50 and 
over 



Under 
$50 



Norman, Okla 

Norristown, Pa 

North Bergen, N.J 

North Little Rock, Ark. 
Northampton, Mass 



Norwalk, Conn. 
Norwich, Conn. 
Norwood, Ohio- 

Nutley, N. J 

Oak Park, 111... 



Oak Ridge, Term 

Oakland, Calif 

Odessa, Tex 

Ogden, Utah.. _ 

Oklahoma City, Okla. 



Omaha, Nebr... 

Orange, N. J 

Orlando, Fla 

Oshkosh, Wis... 
Ottumwa, Iowa. 



Owensboro, Ky 

Paducah, Ky 

Palo Alto, Calif 

Panama City, Fla 

Parkersburg, W. Va. 



Parma, Ohio 

Pasadena, Calif.. 

Passaic, N. J 

Paterson, N. J... 
Pawtucket, R. I. 



Pensacola, Fla. 

Peoria, 111 

Perth Amboy, N. J. 

Petersburg, Va 

Philadelphia, Pa 



Phoenix, Ariz... 
Pine Bluff, Ark. 
Pittsburgh, Pa.- 
Pittsfield, Mass. 
Plainfleld, N. J. 



Pocatello, Idaho 

Pomona, Calif 

Pontiac, Mich 

Port .\rthnr, Tex 

Port Huron, Mich... 

Portlnnd, Maine 

Portland, Oreg 

Portsmouth, Ohio 

Portsmouth, Va 

Poughkeepsie, N. Y. 

Providence, R. I 

Provo, Utah... 

Pueblo, Colo 

Qutncy, 111 

Quinoy, Mass 



Racine, Wis 

Raleigh, N. C... 

Rapid City, S. Dak... 

Readmg, Pa 

Redondo Beach, Calif. 

Redwood City, Calif.. 
Reno, Nev 

Revere, Mass ... 

Richmond, Calif.. 

Richmond, Ind 



See footnote at end of table. 



Only 8 months received 
3 1 7 I 66 I 39 

No reports received 
No reports received 



Only 6 months received 



Only 3 months received 



248 
1 
5 



525 
117 
53 



293 
43 



5 


1 


3 
2 




2 


6 
60 




31 


U 


25 


61 


109 


10 


1 


18 


96 


104 


88 


9 


21 


36 


156 


2,266 


1,216 


167 


94 


12 


58 


463 


258 


1 


2 


6 


6 


11 


19 


24 


6 


40 


80 


6 


25 


1 


12 


10 


8 


260 


173 


59 


15 


49 


339 


5 


28 


54 


88 


1 
61 




26 


4 


1 


7 


5 


14 


5 


22 


286 


3 


1 


28 


9 


35 


9 


10 


8 


52 


6 


22 


2 


72 


82 


18 


8 



25 I 151 91 

Only 9 months received 

85 

68 

75 



75 
550 
162 
574 
225 

222 

703 

60 

129 

9,847 

1,420 
268 

2,295 
119 
119 

112 

271 

297 

45 

87 

214 

2,331 

218 

419 

155 

1,287 

88 

619 

233 

196 

145 

289 

64 

212 

286 

107 
435 
169 
526 
105 



90 I 







20 


51 


72 


4 


23 


149 


98 


207 


6 


6 


50 


38 


71 


3 


1 


92 


35 


114 



28 




111 


76 


218 


1 


36 


20 


22 


94 


628 


334 


2,870 


528 


6,976 


7 


9 


127 


105 


659 


23 


29 


278 


230 


1,127 


135 


105 


1,689 


1,269 


2,859 


82 


74 


746 


258 


1,841 



597 
671 
184 



142 


405 


73 


99 


112 


164 


35 


130 


421 


1,414 


75 


154 


57 


646 


111 


425 


103 


571 


185 


1,089 


81 


153 


126 


459 


(2) 




560 


2,856 


100 


162 


1,215 


1,025 


05 


206 


103 


361 


116 


431 


165 


626 


151 


632 


32 


228 


44 


442 


142 


617 


1,683 


4,106 


150 


410 


298 


762 


<Xi 


310 


621 


1,734 


43 


47.T 


308 


8.33 


83 


314 


99 


373 


92 


732 


144 


571 


50 


205 


120 


574 


60 


312 


110 


468 


340 


435 


81 


179 


208 


2,230 


117 


140 



101 

Table 35.— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, 1953, 
CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Continued 



City 



Richmond, Va.-. 
Riverside, Calif.. 

Roanoke, Va 

Rochester, Minn. 
Rocliester, N. Y. 



Rock Island, 111 

Rockford, 111 .. 

Rocky Mount, N. O. 

Rome, Ga 

Rome, N. Y 



Roswell, N. Mex-. 
Royal Oak, Mich. 
5acramento, Calif. 

-^asinaw, Mich 

t. Cloud, Minn.. 



-^t. Joseph, Mo 

■it. Louis, Mo 

it. Paul, Minn 

?t. Petersburg, Fla. 
Ui'in, Mass 



3alem, Oreg 

5alina, Kansas 

Salt Lake City, Utah. 

?an Angelo, Tex 

San Antonio, Tex 



?an Bernardino, Calif- 
San Diego, Calif 

San Francisco, Calif 

^an Jose, Calif 

San Leandro, Calif 



San Mateo, Calif 

Sandusky, Ohio 

Santa Ana, Calif 

Santa Barbara, Calif. 

Santa Fe, N. Mex 



Santa Monica, Calif- 
Savannah, Ga 

Schenectady, N. Y... 

Scranton, Pa 

Seattle, Wash 



Shaker Heights, Ohio. 

Sharon, Pa 

Sheboygan, Wis 

Shreveport, La 

^ioux City, Iowa 



5ioux Falls, S. Dak. 

5omerville, Mass 

5outh Bend, Ind 

5outh Gate, Calif.. - 
■ipartanburg, S. C--. 



3pokane, Wash... 

Springfield, 111 

Springfield, Mass. 
Springfield, Mo... 
Springfield, Ohio.. 



Stamford, Conn 

Steubenville, Ohio. 

Stockton, Calif 

Stratford, Conn 

Superior, Wis 



Syracuse, N. Y.. 
Facoma, Wash... 
Tallahassee, Fla. 

Tampa, Fla 

Taunton, Mass.. 



Murder, 
nonnegli- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



Robbery 



28 



144 
14 
16 
2 

GO 

21 
18 
2 
4 
3 



10 

258 

29 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



5 

1,378 

129 

20 



4 

6 

54 

5 

238 

77 

273 

,289 

44 

10 

6 

1 

14 

10 



70 



13 

4 

491 



22 

17 

137 



52 
138 

7 
144 

2 



270 

28 

53 

2 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 
or enter- 
ing 



1, 092 
212 

318 

67 

831 

137 
263 

75 
90 
48 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



941 
220 
195 
52 
491 

141 
172 

75 
62 
53 



Only 2 months received 



2 

74 

159 



174 

789 

265 

28 

249 
4,854 
1,223 

505 



28 
2,325 

38 

18 
Only 11 months received 



43 

1, 052 

155 

34 

76 

1,843 

485 

306 



1 

7 

25 

18 

439 

41 

140 

706 

21 

4 

7 
24 

4 
29 



102 
111 
860 
220 
2,393 

494 

1,453 

5,301 

521 

148 

108 

65 

204 

271 



67 

55 

628 

46 

1,159 

396 

1,873 

1,829 

131 

110 

163 

58 

160 

139 



Only 7 months received 



48 
555 



16 
120 



21 

7 

74 

227 

11 



611 
892 
158 
290 
3,379 

29 

38 

70 

146 

228 

97 
373 
656 
398 
123 

619 
198 
240 
262 
175 

391 
199 
614 
129 
91 

639 

643 

160 

1,322 

87 



686 
495 
147 
93 
1,525 

27 

24 

51 

284 

196 

95 
140 
413 

264 
82 

357 
131 
169 
131 



605 
95 
28 

512 
514 

53 
611 

40 



Under 
$50 



2, 5 14 
745 
063 
201 

2. 203 

335 
6S2 

268 
99 
152 



463 
2,281 
1,351 

214 

636 
7,988 
3,148 

646 



486 
396 

2,435 
319 

4,409 

926 
3,161 
8,983 
1,966 

481 

657 
291 
657 
785 



1,332 
622 
294 
347 

5,001 

238 
112 
198 
830 
885 

337 
3,59 
1,390 
513 
335 

2,551 
570 
579 
379 
571 

581 
193 
1,178 
170 
470 

1,391 
1,641 

271 
1,373 

291 



Auto 

theft 



1, 116 

109 

132 

!4 

368 

84 
111 
46 
41 
30 



52 
584 
133 

35 



80 
,513 



41 
43 

437 
94 

994 

226 
1,264 
4,368 

291 
52 

65 
20 
110 
49 



198 
366 

78 
87 



35 

10 

19 

155 

161 

56 
80 
167 
92 
92 

341 
151 
169 
87 
91 



71 

225 

23 

43 

292 
311 

33 
394 

29 



102 

Table 35— NUMBER OF OFFENSES KNOWN TO THE POLICE, 
CITIES OVER 25,000 IN POPULATION— Continued 



City 



Teaneck, N.J 

Temple, Tex 

Terre Haute, Ind. 

Toledo, Ohio. 

Topeka, Kans 



Torrington, Conn. 

Trenton, N. J 

Troy, N. Y 

Tucson, Ariz 

Tulsa, Okla 



Tuscaloosa, Ala 

Tyler, Tex 

Union City, N. J 

Union, N. J. --- 

University City, Mo. 



Upper Darby, Pa 

Utica, N. Y 

Vallejo, Calif 

Valley Stream, N. Y_ 
Vancouver, Wash 



Vicksburg, Miss. 

Waco, Tex 

Waltham, Mass- 
Warren, Ohio — 
Warwick, R. I--. 



Washington, D. C. 
Washington, Pa — 
Water bury, Conn- 
Waterloo, Iowa 

Watertown, Mass.. 



Watertown, N. Y. 

Waukegan, 111 

Wausau, Wis 

Wauwatosa, Wls.. 
West Allis, Wis... 



West Hartford, Conn.. 

West Haven, Conn 

West New York, N. J.. 

West Orange, N. J 

West Palm Beach, Fla. 



Weymouth, Mass.. 
Wheeling, W. Va... 
White Plains, N. Y. 

Wichita, Kans 

Wichita Falls, Tex.. 



Wilkes-Barre, Pa.. 
Wllkinsburg, Pa... 
Williamsport, Pa.. 
Wilmington, Del-. 
Wilmington, N. C. 



Winona, Minn 

Wlnston-Salem, N. C. 

Woodbridge, N. J 

Woonsocket, R.I 

Worcester, Mass 



Wyandotte, Mich.. 

Yakima, Wash 

Yonkers, N. Y 

York, Pa.. 

Youngstown, Ohio. 



Zanesville, Ohio. 



Murder, 
noimegU- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



Robbery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



68 
13 
51 
112 



904 

1 

12 

15 



15 
11 
100 
25 



6 
52 

2 
18 
10 
10 
104 



Bur- 
glary- 
breaking 
or enter- 
ing 



115 
101 
270 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



36 
52 
120 



Only 11 months received 
78 



162 

Complete data not received 

6 

12 

1 

16 
3 



Under 
$50 



4 

246 

2 

5 



4,521 



Complete data not received 
64 52 

68 281 109 



No reports received 
1 

61 
206 
200 



3 

18 
282 



250 
Only 6 months received 



62 
171 
598 



413 


183 


878 


104 


55 


17 


58 


10 


642 


271 


531 


19f 


173 


67 


118 


85 


477 


200 


1,386 


315 


1,094 


927 


1,722 


529 


78 


59 


131 


22 



182 


78 


152 


109 


60 


181 


206 


113 


209 


197 


77 


403 


230 


111 


653 


117 


76 


425 


53 


88 


183 


130 


103 


554 


79 


29 


62 


385 


176 


1,064 


135 


54 


275 


143 


115 


344 


157 


102 


91 


4,580 


1,939 


7,749 


36 


47 


128 


235 


129 


323 


136 


148 


632 


111 


48 


151 


100 


95 


270 


98 


101 


305 


37 


30 


246 


85 


39 


210 


48 


41 


320 


59 


46 


84 


47 


43 


65 



125 
401 



94 


57 


62 


256 


185 


317 


1,153 


553 


2,391 


372 


420 


1,262 


153 


69 


146 


82 


27 


165 


181 


79 


328 


551 


389 


1,217 


321 


120 


364 


32 


53 


262 


365 


140 


462 



2 


94 


104 


211 


16 


788 


310 


1,103 


1 


124 


62 


258 


n 


311 


135 


1,110 


29 


287 


143 


656 


24 


157 


87 


563 


32 


389 


437 


1,010 


3 


115 


94 


416 



> Larcenies not separately reported. 
' Larceny figures not available. 



Figure listed includes both major and minor larcenies. 






103 



Offenses Known in Jurisdictions Outside the United States 

A number of police agencies outside the 48 States are among the 
voluntary contributors under the uniform crime reporting program. 
Areas represented here are closely associated with the United States 
and include the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, territories of Alaska 
and Hawaii, the Panama Canal Zone, and Guam. 

Rural and urban crime are combined except where available 
separately for cities. In presenting crime figures from contributors 
Ion other pages of this bulletin, the rural and urban data are compiled 
separately. 

The following crime figures were not used in tables on crime trends 
and crime rates. 

Table 36.— OFFENSES KNOWN IN JURISDICTIONS OUTSIDE THE 
UNITED STATES, 1953 

[Population figures based on 1950 decennial census] 



Jurisdiction reporting 


Murder, 

non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burgla- 
ry- 
breaking 

or 
entering 


Larceny— theft 




Over 
$50 


Under 
$50 


theft 


\laska: 

Second judicial division (Nome), 
population, 12,272; number of 
offenses known. 


1 


13 
17 

1 
34 
4 
1 
1 

3 

103 


6 
12 

35 

8 
53 
10 

1 
2 

5 

571 


24 
72 

154 

157 

1,127 

299 

66 

148 

147 
2,826 


10 
123 

48 

31 
505 
129 
10 
11 

82 
689 


14 
160 

90 

282 
2,788 
598 
174 
343 

751 
5,206 




Anchorage city, population, 11,254; 
number of offenses known 


162 


3uam: Population, 59,498; number of 
offenses known 


5 

2 
9 
2 
4 
4 

3 

158 


Bawaii: 

Hawau County, population, 68,350; 
number of offenses known 




Honolulu City, population, 248,034; 
number of offenses known. .. 


24 


Honolulu County, population, 104,986; 
number of offenses known. 




Kauai County, population, 29,905; 
number of offenses known 




Maui County, population, 48,519; 
number of offenses known 




ifothmus of Panama: Canal Zone, 
population, 52,822; number of offenses 
known 




Puerto Rico: Population, 2,210,703; 
number of offenses known . 


23 









SUPPLEMENTAL CRIME DATA 

Crimes of rape are forcible in nature in about 54 percent of the 
cases; almost 53 percent of the robberies occur on the street or high- 
way; 'oil stations are victims in less than 5 percent of the robberies 
over 24 percent of the burglaries occur in the daytime; and in mort 
than 78 out of 100 daytime burglaries, homes are attacked. 

Such analyses are made by police locally as a part of the administrai 
tive study of the local crime problem. This additional detail con< 
cerning crime is forwarded by cities of 25,000 or more inhabitants t< 
the FBI each month in a supplementary crime report. 

Breakdowns are for the rape, robbery, burglary, larceny, and aut< 
theft classifications. In addition to indicating certain types of crime 
within these main classifications, this form provides for collectin 
information concerning the value of property stolen as well as th 
value of stolen property recovered by tj^pe of property. 

In connection with the larceny classification, this supplementar 
type information indicates that almost 17 percent of the thefts i 
cities involve bicycles. On a local basis, such information is pertiner 
to such questions as to whether the licensing of bicycles as an identifio 
tion aid is sufficient, and whether additional precautionary steps a] 
needed in certain areas of the city. Such information is useful in a 
educational program among owners of bicycles and so on. 

One serious problem highlighted by the analysis of the larcei 
classification is the frequency with which automobiles are attack( 
for theft aside from the theft of the automobiles themselves. In mo 
than 39 percent of the cases of larceny, property of some kind 
stolen from an automobile; either accessories of the automobde 
other property contained in the automobile. This portion of t 
analysis can be extended locally to include a review of the areas 
the city where such thefts are concentrated. Armed with this inf( 
mation the police may institute certain tactical changes such as shi: 
of patrol strength to the trouble areas. 

Although purse-snatchings and pocket-pickings together constiti 
only 3.5 percent of the thefts, it may be noted that almost 21,000 
these crimes were reported by the police whose reports were used 
the following analyses. Purse-snatching particularly is closely al 
to the crime of robbery. If the purse-snatcher forcibly overpow. 
the victim by knocking the victim down, the ofi"ense would be class 
under the rules as a crime of robbery rather than pm-se-snatchii 
The purse-snatchings included in the larceny classification are th( 
which are unaccompanied by any such force. 

For each 100 automobiles stolen in 1953, the poUce recovered 
(93.9 percent recovery). 

(104) 



105 



Of the 477 cities of 25,000 or more forwarding a full set of crime 
'ports during 1953, 418 furnished the supplementary crime data 
5ed here in addition to the basic monthly report which reflects the 
)tal crimes in each major classification (the Part I offenses). 

Although cities under 25,000 in population and rural areas are not 
iquested to send in the supplementary crime reports, it is possible 
L any general study to apply the percentage distribution obtained 
om the supplementary reports to the total crimes estimated in this 
illetin for the United States. This might serve as a rough guide to 
le number of the various crimes such as pocket-picking, purse- 
latching, residence burglaries, highway robberies, and so on, that 
!cur each year. An application of this idea will be noted in the text 
1 estimated crimes, beginning on page 69. 

^BLE 37.— OFFENSE AN.A.LYSIS, BY NATURE OF CRIMINAL ACT 
TIME AND PLACE OF COMMISSION, AND VALUE OF PROPERTY 
STOLEN, 1953 

lenses known to the police in 418 cities over 25,000 in population; total population 56,050,636, based on 1950 

decennial census] 



Classification 


Number of 
offenses 


Percent distri- 
bution 


Total 


7,723 




Forcible 




4,150 
3,573 




Statutory 




abery: 

Total 


46.3 


44, 891 




Highway .. 




23,711 
11,777 
2,142 
842 
3,797 
117 
2,505 




Commercial house 




Oil station 


26. 2 


Chain store 




Residence. "" ^ 


1.9 


Bank 




Miscellaneous.. 


0. 2 


rglary— breaking or entering: 
Total 


5. 6 


258, 402 




Residence (dwelling): 

Committed during night 




58, 233 
49,483 

137, 064 
13, 622 


22.5 
19.1 

53.1 
5.3 


Committed during day 


Nonresidence (store, office, etc.) : 
Committed during night 


Committed during dav 


ceny— theft (except auto theft) (grouped according to value of article 
Total 






$50 and over 




171, 294 
344, 251 
81, 938 




$5.00 to $50.00 


28.7 


Under $5.00 




ceny— theft (grouped as type of offense) : 
Total ... 




597, 483 




Pocket-picking 




8,115 

12,605 

23, 910 

122 IfiS 




Purse-snatching.. 




Shoplifting 


2. 1 


Thefts from autos (exclusi ve of auto accessories) 




Auto accessories 


112,291 I 18.8 
101, 260 16. 9 


Bicycles 


All others 






60. t 



106 



The average victim of robbery, burglary or other theft in 1953 los 
$223 as against $233 in 1952. However, the property loss was near! 
a quarter of a billion dollars in the 400 cities furnishing informatio 
concerning the value of property stolen. 

In 1953 the average loss in a robbery was $222 w^iile $163 was log 
in the average burglary. The average value was $1,038 for each autc 
mobile stolen while the average loss in other types of thefts was $76. 

On a per capita basis, $4.13 was lost to robbers and thieves by eac 
of the inliabitants in the 400 cities represented in the tabulation. . 
corresponding figure for 1952 was $4.09 per capita in the reportin 
cities. 

Table 38.— VALUE OF PROPERTY STOLEN, BY TYPE OF CRIME, 19{ 

[From reports of 400 cities over 25,000 in population; total population 54,425,S18, based on 1950 decenn 
census. All values have been rounded off to even dollars] 



Classification 



TOTAL.. 

Robbery 

Burglary 

Larceny— theft 
Auto theft 



Number of 
offenses 



1,005,929 



44, 240 
252. 148 
584, 934 
124, 607 



Value of prop- 
erty stolen 



$224,552,605 



9, 824, 044 
41, 054, 580 
44, 294, 102 
129, 378, 979 



Averagi 

value pc 

offeii.se 



As usual, automobiles constituted over half of the property loss 
criminals in the reporting cities. Over 56 percent of the value 
merchandise reported stolen by these cities was for automobih 
Further analyses of the types of property stolen shows that curren' 
and other negotiables accounted for 11.5 percent of the proper 
stolen while jewelry and precious metals comprised 7.6 percent of t. 
loot and furs 3.1 percent of property stolen. Clothing and miscellan 
ous items totaled 21.2 percent of the value of property stolen. 

As might be expected, stolen automobiles are high on the list 
property recovered; 92.3 percent of the value of automobiles stoL 
is recovered. 

The information concerning the value of property stolen and t. 
value of property recovered was furnished on the supplementa 
forms by 396 of the cities furnishing such forms. These cities repi 
sented a total population of 52,096,989 under the 1950 decenni 
census. 



107 



Table 39.— VALUE OF PROPERTY STOLEN AND VALUE OF PROPERTY 
RECOVERED, BY TYPE OF PROPERTY, 1953 

[From reports of 396 cities over 2i'i,000 in population; total population 52,096,989, based on 1950 decennial 
census. All values have been rounded off to even dollars] 



Type of property 



Value of property 



Stolen 



Recovered 



Percent 
recovered 



TOTAL,. ._ 

Currency, notes, etc -.. 

Jewelry and precious metftls 

Furs.. 

Clothing 

Locally stolen automobiles.. 
Miscellaneous.. 



$215, 129, 407 



.$127, 678, 432 



59.3 



24, 714, 639 
16, 331, 525 
6, 573, 324 
11,479,93? 
121, 837, 419 
34, 192, 562 



2, 895, 275 
2,041,142 
304,917 
1, 262, 456 
112,514,775 
8, 659, 867 



11.7 
12.5 
4.6 
11.0 
92 3 
25.3 



AGE, SEX, AND RACE OF PERSONS ARRESTED 

Source 

For the second year, the age, sex, and race of persons arrested data 
are from special report forms sent in by city police. Since the figures 
are only for arrests in 1,174 cities, they are not total arrests in the 
United States; however, the reporting area covers about 42 percent 
of the city population. Thus, the tables give a rather complete 
index to the spread of arrests in cities by crime class, age, sex, and 
race. 

These statistics since 1952 cannot be compared with similar data 
published prior to that year. Before 1952 the only local arrest infor- 
mation available for analysis as to personal characteristics was that 
shown in fingerprint arrest cards received by the FBI from local police 
agencies. Not all persons arrested are fingerprinted (particularly 
young persons) so that source fell far short of completeness, but the 
data were valuable until such time as the police generally were in a 
position to fill out the present annual Age, Sex, and Race of Persons 
Arrested form. 

The annual arrest report form now used calls for a tally of all 
persons arrested for violations that happened in the reporting city. 
(Arrests for driving while intoxicated and negligent manslaughters are 
included but other traffic matters are not.) 

All persons arrested are counted even though some are released and 
not formally charged before a court. Each person arrested is counted 
rather than the number of charges that may be filed against one 
person. An arrest of a juvenile is put opposite the offense actually 
committed. This is true even though a technical charge, such as 
juvenile delinquency, must be filed under local procedure. 

Reports were not used in the following situations: (1) if police 
advised that not all juveniles were counted; or (2) it was obvious 
from the report that juveniles were not inchidefl. On the other 
hand, a few reports were used when the police indicated that due to 
local procedures not all the youthful oft'enders detained came into 
their hands. For this reason the juvenile arrest data still tend to 
understate the problem although the picture is much more complete 
than it was from the fingerprint cards used before 1952. 

It will be recognized that the number of arrests does not represent 
the number of crimes that occur. This is true because there is not an 
arrest for each crime. As pointed out on page 110 (Classification of 
Offenses), no information is collected for "od'enses known" for the 
Part II class of offenses. Offenses known data for the Part I class of 
offenses appear in other parts of this bulletin. 

(108) 



109 

Additional arrest information will be found in the semiannual 
issue of this bulletin. Such information is derived from another 
annual report, Return C, received from police. Return C includes 
arrest information for Part I and Part II offense classes. It shows by 
classification the number of persons: (1) arrested and released without 
a formal charge; (2) charged; (3) charged as the result of an arrest; 
(4) charged after being summoned, notified, or cited; (5) found guilty 
of the offense charged; and (6) found guilty of a lesser offense than 
originally charged. Return C does not list arrest information by age, 
sex, or race. 

dumber of Arrests, 1953 

Last year 1,791,160 arrests were reported by the 1,174 city police 
lepartments represented in the following tabulations. The 1950 popu- 
lation of these communities was 37,255,808, or about 42 percent of the 
people living in cities in the United iStates. Assuming the arrest rate 
^\ as the same for the unreported area (58 percent of the urban popula- 
tion) it may be roughly stated that about 4,000,000 people were ar- 
losted in our urban communities during 1953. 

Stated another way, considering the estimated increase in urban 
copulation since 1950, 1 out of every 22 city residents was arrested 
ast year for something more serious than a traffic violation. 

For a discussion of estimates as to current urban population, see 
3age 87 of this bulletin. 

For crime against the person, there were 96,662 arrests while 159,013 
irrests were made for crimes with property as their object in the re- 
oorting cities. Crimes against the person are : cruninal homicide; rape ; 
md assault. Property crimes are: robbery; burglary; larceny; auto 
:heft; embezzlement and fraud; buying and receiving stolen property; 
ind forgery and counterfeiting. 
ige of Persons Arrested, 1953 

Of the 1,791,160 arrests recorded by the 1,174 reporting cities, 8.4 
Percent were persons 17 years of age or less and 14.7 percent were 
mder 21. 

Over two-fifths of the arrests were for public intoxication and youths 
mder 18 comprised less than 1 percent of that group. On the other 
land, 53.6 percent of the persons arrested for auto theft were juveniles 
md, in fact, 29.0 percent were not even old enough to get a regular 
Iriver's license in most states (age 16). Nearly half (49.3 percent) 
)f the persons arrested for burglary were not yet 18 and two-thirds 
)f these were under 16 years of age. 



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Ill 

ABLE 41.— NUMBER AND PERCENTAGE OF ARRESTS OF PERSONS 
UNDER 18, UNDER 21, AND UNDER 25 YEARS OF AGE, 1953; 1,174 
CITIES OVER 2,500 IN POPULATION 

[Total population 37,255,808, based on 1950 decennial census] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL. 



riminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent man- 

slaughter 

(b) Manslaughter by negligence 

obbery.- 

egravated assault - 

ther assaults 



urglary— breaking or entering..- 

arceny— theft... 

uto theft 

mbezzlement and fraud 

olen property; buying, receiving, etc. 



orgery and counterfeiting 

ape 

restitution and commercialized vice. 

ther sex offenses .._ 

arcotic drug laws... 



eapons; carrying, possessing, etc... 
ffenses against family and children. 

iquor laws 

riving while intoxicated 

isorderly conduct 



runkenness 

agrancy 

ambling. 

jspicion 

11 other offenses. 



Number of persons arrested 



Total 



1, 791, 160 



2,199 

1,191 

11.786 

21,114 

68, 135 

36, 879 
68, 195 
20, 391 
11,877 
2,734 

7,151 
4,023 
20, 345 
14, 341 
5,681 

13, 185 
19,616 
33, 714 

79, 498 
199, 548 

774, 096 

75, 754 
39, 656 

76, 703 
183, 348 



Under 
18 



149, 806 



90 

46 

2,116 

1,277 
3,586 

18,170 

27, 367 

10, 9.38 

431 

681 

473 
6.52 
235 
2,296 
235 

1,546 
1,229 

2,872 

389 

15,994 

4,595 
3,099 
453 
11,578 
39, 458 



Under 
21 



263, 400 



242 

172 

4,290 

2,815 

8,355 

23, 319 
34, 907 
14, 2.38 
1,517 
1,000 

1,185 
1, .519 
2,180 
3,453 
933 

3,030 
2,286 

7,647 

2,921 

34, 338 

22,083 
9,065 
1,408 
23, 266 
57, 231 



Under 
25 



446,311 



519 

365 

6,721 

5,591 

17,925 

27, 608 
41,699 
16, 523 
2,842 
1,337 

2,171 
2,254 
7,971 
5,387 
2,344 

5,079 
4,968 
10, 677 
11,786 
63, 256 

71, 856 
16, 827 
4,084. 
35,961 
80,560 



Percentage 



Under 
18 



4.1 
3.9 
18.0 
6.0 
5.3 

49.3 
40.1 
53.6 
3.6 
24.9 

6.6 
16.2 

1.2 
16.0 

4.1 

11.7 
6.3 

8.5 
0.5 
8.0 

0.6 
4.1 
1.1 
15.1 
21.5 



Under 
21 



14.7 



11.0 
14.4 
36.4 
13.3 
12.3 

63.2 
51.2 
69.8 
12.8 
36.6 

16.6 
37.8 
10.7 
24.1 
16.4 

23.0 
11.7 
22.7 
3.7 
17.2 

2.9 
12.0 

3.6 
30.3 
31.2 



Under 
25 



23.6 
30.6 
57.0 
26.5 
26.3 

74.9 
61.1 
81.0 
23.9 
48.9 

30.4 
56.0 
39.2 
37.6 
41.3 

38.5 
25.3 
31.7 
14.8 
31.7 

9.3 
22.2 
10.3 
46.9 
43.9 



Persons under 21 represented 50.6 percent of the arrests for crimes 
gainst property (robbery, burglary, larceny, auto theft, embezzlement 
nd fraud, buying and receiving stolen property, and forgery and 
ounterf citing) . 

Arrests of juveniles (under 18) rose 7.9 percent in 1953 while adult 
rrests increased 1.9 percent. These trends were reflected in reports 
at in by 209 large cities showing a combined population of 20,696,876. 
ti 1952 the police in these places, for violations other than traffic, 
rrested 964,980 persons, 78,709 of whom were under 18 years of age, 
tid in 1953 the arrests by the same departments numbered 988,437, 
iveniles constituting 84,952 of this total. 



112 



""wK^^ 



PERSONS ARRESTED UNDER 
18 YEARS OF AGE 

PERCENT OF TOTAL ARRESTS 

Crimes Against Property 

1,174 CITIES-TOTAL POPULATION 37,255,808 

CALENDAR YEAR 1953 



OFFENSES •UNDER 18 

18.0% 



Robbery 



Burglary 



Larceny 



Auto Theft 



Embezzlement 
and Fraud 



49.3% 



40.1% 



53.6% 



3.6% 



[ 



24.9% 



Receiving Stolen | 
Property 



6.6% 



Forgery and H~ 
Counterfeiting B- 




TOTAL ARRESTS. 
ALL AGES 



11,786 



36,879 



68,195 



20,391 



11,877 



2,734 



7,151 



H 
iff 



i 



nncnufn 

fc-'---rifT'iiiii(iTfrnirii 



Figure 14. 



113 



^v of Persons Arrested, 1953 

j Of the 1,791,160 persons arrested in 1,174 cities last year, 194,238 
!• 10.8 percent were females. Male arrests numbered 1,596,922 or 
1.2 percent of the arrests in these cities. 

Although male arrests outnumbered female arrests 8 to 1, a com- 
iiative study of the criminal tendencies of each sex may be made. 
y a percent distribution of arrests, it is noted that out of a thousand 
•rests of women, 2 are arrested for murder while only 1 male in a 
lousand arrested is charged with murder. Female criminals also 
■nd more to crimes of aggravated assault, larceny, and embezzlement 
id fraud than do males. In 1,000 arrests of females, 17 are arrested 
ir aggravated assault as compared with 11 out of 1,000 male arrests. 
1 1,000 arrests for each sex, 49 women and 37 men are arrested for 
Tceny, 11 women and 6 men for embezzlement and fraud, and 5 
omen and 4 men for forgery and counterfeiting. 

The male criminal is more active in burglary, 23 of each\l,000 males 
Tested being so charged, but only 4 in 1,000 females are apprehended 
>r burglary. Twelve males are auto thieves in 1,000 male arrests 
hile only 3 in 1,000 female arrests are car thieves. 

ABLE 42.— DISTRIBUTION OF ARRESTS BY SEX, 1953; 1,174 CITIES 
OVER 2,500 IN POPULATION 

[Total population 37,255,808, based on 1950 decennial census] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL. 



iminal homicide; 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter. 

(b) Manslaughter by negligence 

Dbbery 

jgravated assault 

;her assaults 



Jrglary — breaking or entering 

irceny-theft 

ito theft 

inbezzlement and fraud 

olen property; buying, receiving, etc. 



)rgery and counterfeiting 

ape 

•j ostitution and commercialized vice. 

;her sex ofTenses 

arcotic drug laws 



eapons; carrying, possessing, etc... 
iffenses against family and children. 

quor laws 

riving while intoxicated 

isorderly conduct 



runkenness 

igrancy 

ambling 

ispicion 

11 other ofTenses- 



Number 



Total 



1, 791, 160 



2,199 

1,191 

11,786 

21,114 

68, 135 

36, 879 
68, 195 
20, 391 
11,877 
2,734 

7,151 
4,023 
20, 345 
14, 341 
5,681 

13, 185 
19, 616 
33, 714 
79, 498 
199, 548 

774, 096 

75, 754 
39, 656 

76, 703 
183, 348 



Male Female 



1, 596, 922 



1,838 

1,095 

11, 285 

17, 760 

61, 345 

36, 113 

58,695 

19, 870 

9,698 

2,474 

6,148 
4,023 
5,479 
11, 197 

4,787 

12,506 
17, 794 
27,247 
76, 252 
166, 757 

714, 446 
66, 445 
35, 990 
68,755 

158, 923 



194, 238 



361 
96 

501 
3,354 
6,790 

766 
9,500 

521 
2,179 

260 

1,003 



14, 866 
3,144 



679 

1,822 

6,467 

3,246 

32, 791 

59, 650 
9,309 
3,666 
7,948 

24,425 



Percent 



Total Male Female 



.1 
.1 
.7 
1.2 
3.8 

2.1 

3.8 

1.1 

.7 

.2 

.4 
.2 
1.1 
.8 
.3 

.7 

1.1 

1.9 

4.4 

11.1 

43.3 
4.2 
2.2 
4.3 

10.2 



100.0 



.1 

.1 

.7 

1.1 

3.8 

2.3 

3.7 
1.2 
.6 
.2 

.4 
.3 
.3 
.7 
.3 



1.1 

1.7 
4.8 
10.4 

44.6 
4.2 
2.3 
4.3 

10.0 



100.0 



(') 



.2 

.3 

1.7 
3.5 



4.9 
.3 

1.1 
.1 



7.7 
1.6 
.5 



3.3 

1.7 
16.9 

30:7 

4.8 

1.9 

4.1 

12.6 



* Less than H o of 1 percent. 



114 



Race of Persons Arrested, 1953 

Table 43 reflects the race of persons arrested in 1,174 cities in 1953 
Over 97 percent of the 1,791,160 persons arrested were members o 
the white and Negro races. Arrests of members of the white rac 
numbered 1,270,466, or 70.9 percent of all arrests in the 1,174 cities 
while 481,095 arrests or 26.9 percent were of members of the Negr 
race. Other arrests, totaling 39,599 or 2.2 percent included Indians 
Chinese, Japanese, and other races. 

Table 43.— ARRESTS BY RACE, 1953; 1,174 CITIES OVER 2,500 V. 

POPULATION 

[Total population 37,255,808, based on 1950 decennial census] 





Total aU 
races 


Race 


Offense charged 


White 


Negro 


Indian 


Chinese 


Japa- 
nese 


All 
othei 


TOTAL 


1, 791, 160 


1,270,466 


481, 095 


32, 084 


407 


144 


6,9 






Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent man- 


2,199 
1,191 
11,786 
21, 114 
68, 135 

36, 879 
68, 195 
20, 391 
11,877 
2,734 

7,151 
4,023 
20, 345 
14, 341 
6,681 

13, 185 
19,616 
33, 714 
79, 498 
199, 548 

774, 096 

75, 754 
39, 656 

76, 703 
183, 348 


883 

959 

5, 992 

7,611 

39, 728 

26, 285 

45, 893 

15, 772 

9,727 

1,738 

6,074 
2,371 
10, 403 
10,915 
2,563 

5,771 
13, 762 
18. 130 
66, 763 
124, 622 

602, 083 
58, 301 
12, 696 
49, 658 

131, 766 


1,306 
231 

5,665 
13,388 
27,980 

10,318 

21,647 

4,374 

2,099 

972 

1,035 
1.628 
9,769 
3,306 
3,018 

7,334 
5,765 
15,017 
11,623 
72, 340 

144, 718 
15,788 
26, 834 
26, 359 

48, 581 


5 

55 

68 

313 

136 
314 
143 

28 
18 

27 
10 
158 
72 
11 

44 

52 

429 

783 
2,018 

23, 753 

1,141 

18 

418 

2,070 








(b) Manslaughter by negligence 


1 
3 
7 
8 

13 

22 

4 

2 

1 

2 
2 
2 
9 
27 

2 
4 

8 
12 
19 

117 
9 

38 
11 
84 






3 
. 

3 
5 
1 
2 

2 

3 
3 

1 
2 

7 
8 

64 

13 

1 

25 










1 




1 




; 










Stolen property; iJuying, receiving, etc 








Prostitution and commercialized vice 












Offenses against family and children 














3,: 
















1 







REPORTING AREA 

Over 95 percent of the people in cities and towns and 79.7 percent 
»f those in rural areas are represented by the law-enforcement agencies 
v'ho sent in crime figures in 1953. The table below shows details of 
he status of reporting by cities and towns. However, this table is 
lot an index to the contributors or population represented in other 
ables of this bulletin. The number of contributors whose reports 
vere used and the population represented by these contributors are 
dentified for individual crime tables. 

There are included in crime tables reports from a contributor if (1) 
hat agency has reported for the full period of time and (2) the reports 
re not obviously incorrectly compiled. 

Under the 1950 decennial census, the Bureau of the Census pub- 
ished urban (city and town) population figures under two definitions. 
levy briefly the 1950 definition of an urban place permits inclusion of 
ertain densely populated areas outside of a city's limits in the count 
,»f the population for that city. The 1940 definition describes a place 
.s urban if it has 2,500 or more people and is incorporated. Since the 
940 definition coincides with the main jurisdictional limits of prac- 
iically all our contributors and for purposes of continuity we continue 
o use the 1940 definition of an urban place with a very few minor 
ixceptions for special circumstances. 

; For the above reason, the table below follows closely the 1940 defini- 
'ion in showing the number of urban police departments contributing 
rime reports in 1953 and the population represented by them: 



Population group 



TOTAL 

Cities over 250,000 

Cities 100,000 to 250,000 
Cities .50,000 to 100,000_ 
Cities 25,000 to 50,000__ 
Cities 10,000 to 25,000.. 
Cities 2,.500 to 10,000... 



Cities or towns 



Number 



Total 



4,026 



41 
66 
129 
275 
814 
2,701 



Contrib- 
utors 



3,356 



41 
66 
128 
262 
748 
2,111 



Percent 
contrib- 
utors 



83.4 



100.0 
100.0 
99.2 
95.3 
91.9 
78.2 



Population 



Number 



Total 



89, 281, 777 



34, 932, 955 
9,694,111 
9, 134, 357 
9,631,270 
12, 464, 800 
13, 434, 284 



Represent- 
ed by con- 
tributors 



85, 167, 422 



34, 932, 955 
9,694.111 
9, 067, 789 
9,181,324 
11,478,641 
10, 812, 602 



Percent 
repre- 
sented 



95.4 



100.0 
100.0 
99.3 
95.3 
92.2 
80.5 



In addition to the 3,356 urban places in the table, 1 or more reports 
vere received from 203 rural townships and villages, 2,159 sheriffs 
.nd State police organizations, and 10 agencies in Territories and other 
egions administered by the United States. 

(115) 



CLASSIFICATION OF OFFENSES 



Readers who are not entirely familiar with the uniform crime- 
reporting program may be interested in a brief explanation of the 
contents of crime reports included hi this bulletin: 

1. These crime figures are called "police statistics" to distinguish 
them from judicial or penal statistics in the criminal field. 

2. Crimes that are exclusively Federal are not included. 

3. Each reporting agency counts only those crimes or arrests foi 
crimes committed in its jurisdiction. A sheriff reports only for his 
rural areas outside the city or town limits of any urban places in his 
county. This feature avoids duplication. 

4. "Offenses known to the police" is a term that refers to thosi 
crimes included in the Part I offenses of the crime reporting classii 
fication. (See below for individual classes.) The Part I offenses ar. 
limited to seven classes of grave off'enses shown by experience to b 
those most generally and completely reported to the police. 

5. Off'enses (crimes) for the Part I classes are reported as the; 
become known. The police may learn of the occurrence of crime in ;' 
number of ways: reports of police officers; citizens' complaint 
notification from prosecuting or court officials; or otherwise. 

6. Offenses are included without regard to: (a) the age of tli ' 
offender; (b) the value of property involved; (c) the recovery of stole 
property; (d) arrests; or (e) prosecutive action. The purpose is t 
show the amount of crime that has occurred as distinguished fror 
arrest data and the classifying is based strictly on the facts i: 
possession of the police. 

7. Complaints that are found by pohce investigation to be ground 
less are not included in crime tables in this bulletin, and returns tha 
appear incomplete or defective are excluded. 

8. Arrest data is not included in "offenses known" information bu 

arrest data is collected separately for the entire crime classificatioi 

Parts I and II. So, the only information for Part II offenses is tha 

based on arrest data. 

In publishing the data sent in by chiefs of police in different cities 



th e FBI does not vouch for their accuracy. They are given out a 
cu rrent information which may throw some light on problems of crim 
and criminal-law enforcement. 

The complete classification of crimes is shown below with brie 
definitions for each: 

(116) 



117 

'art I Offenses 

1. Criminal homicide. — {a) Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 
icludes all willful felonious homicides as distinguished from deaths 
aused by negligence. Does not include attempts to kill, assaults to 
;ill, suicides, accidental deaths, or justifiable homicides. Justifiable 
omicides excluded from this classification are limited to the following 
ypes of cases: (1) The killing of a felon by a peace officer in line of 
uty; (2) the killing of a holdup man by a private citizen. (6) Man- 
laughter by negligence includes any death which the police investiga- 
ioii establishes was primarily attributable to gross negligence on the 
art of some individual other than the victim. 

2. Rape. — Includes forcible rape, statutory rape (no force used — 
ictim under age of consent), assault to rape, and attempted rape. 

3. Robbery. — Includes stealing or taking anything of value from the 
erson by force or violence or by putting in fear, such as strong-arm 
3l)bery, stickups, robbery armed. Includes assault to rob and at- 
?mpt to rob. 

4. Aggravated assault. — Includes assault with intent to kill; assault 
y shooting, cutting, stabbing, maiming, poisoning, scalding, or by 
le use of acids. Does not include simple assault, assault and battery, 
ghting, etc. 

5. Burglary — breaking or entering. — Includes burglary, housebreak- 
ig, safecracking, or any unlawful entry to commit a felon}^ or a theft, 
veil though no force was used to gain entrance. Includes attempts. 
airglary followed by larceny is included in this classification and not 
3unted again as larceny. 

6. Larceny — theft (except auto theft). — (a) Fifty dollars and over in 
alue; (b) under $50 in value — includes in one of' the above subclassi- 
cations, depending upon the value of the property stolen, thefts 
f bicycles, automobile accessories, shoplifting, pocket picking, or any 

Pilling of property or article of value which is not taken by force 
tid violence or by fraud. Does not include embezzlement, "con" 
ames, forgery, worthless checks, etc. 

7. Auto theft. — Includes all cases where a motor vehicle is stolen or 
riven away and abandoned, including the so-called joy-riding thefts. 
>oos not include taking for temporary use when actually returned by 
le taker, or unauthorized use by those having lawful access to the 
ehicle. 

art II Offenses 

8. Other assaults. — Includes all assaults and attempted assaults 
hich are not of an aggravated nature and which do not belong in 
ass 4. 

9. Forgery and counterfeiting. — Includes offenses dealing with the 
laking, altering, uttering, or possessing, with intent to defraud, any- 
ling false which is made to appear true. Includes attempts. 



118 

10. Embezzlement and fraud. — Includes all offenses of fraudulent 
conversion, embezzlement, and obtaining money or propert}^ by false 
pretenses. 

11. Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing. — Includes buying 
receiving, and possessing stolen property as well as attempts to com- 
mit any of those offenses. 

12. Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. — Includes all violations o: 
regulations or statutes controlling the carrying, using, possessing 
furnishing, and manufacturing of deadly weapons or silencers and al. 
attempts to violate such statutes or regulations. 

13. Prostitution and commercialized rice. — Includes sex offenses of i 
commercialized nature, or attempts to commit the same, such ai 
prostitution, keeping bawdy house, procuring, transporting, or de 
taining women for immoral purposes. 

14. Sex ofenses (except rape and prostitution and commercialize! 
vice).— Includes offenses against chastity, common decency, moral? 
and the like. Includes attempts. 

15. Offenses against the family and children. — Includes offenses o 
nonsupport, neglect, desertion, or abuse of family and children. 

16. Narcotic drug laws. — Includes offenses relating to narcotic drugs 
such as unlawful possession, sale, or use. Excludes Federal offenses 

17. Liquor laws. — With the exception of "drunkenness" (class IS 
and "driving while intoxicated" (class 22), liquor law violations 
State or local, are placed in this class. Excludes Federal violation. 

18. Drunkenness. — Includes all offenses of drunkenness or intox 
cation. 

19. Disorderly conduct. — In eludes -all charges of committing a breac 
of the peace. 

20. Vagrancy. — Includes such offenses as vagabondage, begginji 
loitering, etc. 

21. Gambling. — Includes offenses of promoting, permitting, ( 
engaging in gambling. 

22. Driving while intoxicated. — Includes driving or operating an 
motor vehicle while drunk or under the influence of liquor or narcotic 

23. Violation oj road and driving laws. — ^Includes violations of reg\; 
lations with respect to the proper handling of a motor vehicle 1 
prevent accidents. 

24. Parking violations. — Includes violations of parking ordinance 

25. Other violations of traffic and motor vehicle laws. — Includes violi 
tions of State laws and municipal ordinances with regard to traffic aD| 
motor vehicles not otherwise provided for in classes 22-24. 

26. All other offenses. — Includes all violations of State or local lav 
for which no provision has been made above in classes 1-25. 

27. Suspicion — This classification includes all persons arrested i 
suspicious characters, but not in connection with any specific offens 
who are released without formal charges being placed against them. 



INDEX TO VOLUME XXIV, UNIFORM CRIME REPORTS 

(All references are to page numbers) 

6 of offenders. (See Arrests.) Page 

e, sex and race of persons arrested, reports from police 108-114 

nual crime trends: 

Cities grouped by size 72-73 

Cities grouped by location 75-78 

Estimated total number of major crimes, 1953 69-71 

Long term trends 78-80 

Rural crime trends 4, 80-82 

Urban crime trends 4, 72-80 

/rests — based on age, sex, and race of persons arrested, reports from 

jolice 108-114 

Age of offenders 108-112 

Sex of offenders 113 

Race of offenders jj4 

/toinobiles^ — percentage recovered 69-70, 106 

(iissification of offenses 64-65, 116-118 

C 'ared by arrest, offenses 44-48 

By geographic divisions^ 48 

C mes. (See Arrests, estimated number, offenses, persons charged, 
persons found guilty, and persons released.) 

Eiployees, number of police 20-43 

J-isdictions outside the United States, offenses in 103 

^)nth]y variations, offenses known to the police 82-85 

Censes known to the police: 

Annual trends 2-4, 69-82 

Cities grouped by location 75-78 

Cities grouped by location and size 72-78 

Cities grouped by size 72-73 

Cleared by arrest 44-48 

Cleared by arrest, geographic divisions 48 

Divided as to time and place and value of property stolen 104-107 

Individual cities over 25,000 in population 11-19, 94-102 

?kIonthly variations. 82-85 

Rural areas 10, 80-82 

Jurisdictions outside the United States 103 

F-sons charged (held for prosecution) 49-60 

By geographic divisions 52-55' 

P-sons found guilty 56-60 

P-sons released (not held for prosecution) .._ 61-63 

? ice department employees 20-43 

^ice killed 20 

?ipeity, value stolen 106-107 

Piperty, value stolen and recovered __ 106-107 

(119) 



120 



Prosecution, persons held for. (See Persons charged and persons found 

guilty.) 
Race of offenders. (See Arrests.) 

Reporting area, extent of 

Rural crime data 4, 10, 80-82, 

Sex of offenders. (See Arrests.) 

Sheriffs' reports 4,10, 80-82, 

State crime rates. (See Offenses known — cities grouped by location.) 

State police reports 4, 10, 80-82, 

Trends, annual crime: 

Cities grouped by location 

Cities grouped by size 

Long term 

Rural- _- 4, 

Urban 4, 

Urban crime rates 5-9, 

Value of property stolen 

Value of property stolen and recovered 

Variations, monthly crime 



92-fl 
92-j 
9241 

75-7 

72-7 
i 
81-8 
72 
86-1 



I 



: 



o 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 0635 



998 5