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Full text of "Uniform crime reports for the United States"

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CRIME 



IN THE UNITED STATES 



'^ / ^ 




ISSUED BY 

JOHN EDGAR HOOVER. DIRECTOR 
FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 



UNIFORM CRIME REPORTS-1964 



\2^m FOR RELEASE 

Monday, P.M., July 26, 1965 
PRINTED ANNUALLY 



UNIFORM 

CRIME 

REPORTS 

for the United States 



PRINTED ANNUALLY — 1964 



Advisory: Committee on Uniform Crime Records 
International Association of Chiefs of Police 
Edward M. Toothman, Chief of Police 
Oakland, California, Chairman 



J. Edgar Hoover, Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation 
U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, D.C., 20535 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office. Washington, D.C. 20402 

Price 55 cents 



Contents 

Page 

Preface vii-viii 

Crime factors xi 

Summary 1 

Crime Index totals 2 

Crime and population 3-6 

Criminal homicide 6-8 

Aggravated assault 8-9 

Forcible rape 9-1 1 

Robbery 11-14 

Burglary 14-1 7 

Larceny 1 7-1 8 

Auto theft 19-20 

Clearances 20-22 

Persons arrested 22-25 

Persons charged 25-26 

Careers in Crime 26-32 

Police employee data 32-37 

Introduction 38-47 

The index of crime, 1964 48-87 

United States, 1964 (table 1) 49 

United States, 1963-64, by regions, geographic divisions 

and States (table 2) 50-53 

States (table 3)___ 54-68 

Standard metropolitan statistical areas (table 4) 69-87 

General United States crime statistics, 1964 89-104 

Crime trends, 1963-64, by population groups (table 5) 90-91 

Crime rates, by population groups (table 6) 92-93 

City crime trends, 1964 versus average of 1959-63 (table 

7) 94 

Offenses known, cleared by arrest, by population groups 

(tables) 95-96 

Offenses known, cleared by arrest, by geographic divi- 
sions (table 9) 97-98 

Offenses cleared by arrest of persons under 18 years of age 

(table 10) 99-100 

Disposition of persons formally charged by the police 

(table 11) 101 

ni 



General United States crime statistics, 1964 — Continued 

Offenses known, cleared; persons arrested, charged and Page 

disposed of (table 12) 101 

Police disposition of juvenile offenders taken into custody 

(table 13) 102 

Offense analysis, trends and average values, 1963-64 (table 

14) ^ 103 

Type and value of property stolen and recovered (table 15) _ 103 

Murder victims — weapons used (table 16) 104 

Murder victims by age, sex and race (table 17) 104 

Arrests ^. _ T 105-142 

Number and rate by population groups (table 18) 106-107 

Total arrests by age groups (table 19) 108-109 

Total arrest trends, 1963-64 (table 20) 110 

Total arrests of persons under 18, under 21 and under 25 

(table 21) 111 

Total arrests, distribution by sex (table 22) 112 

Total arrest trends by sex, 1963-64 (table 23) 113 

Total arrests by race (table 24) 1 14-1 16 

City arrests by age (table 25) 117-118 

City arrest trends, 1963-64 (table 26) 119 

City arrests of persons under 18, under 21 and under 25 

(table 27) 120 

City arrests, distribution by sex (table 28) 121 

City arrest trends by sex, 1963-64 (table 29) 122 

City arrests by race (table 30) 123-125 

Suburban arrests by age (table 31) 126-127 

Suburban arrest trends, 1963-64 (table 32) 128 

Suburban arrests of persons under 18, under 21 and under 

25 (table 33) 129 

Suburban arrests, distribution by sex (table 34) 130 

Suburban arrests by race (table 35) 131-133 

Eural arrests by age (table 36) 134-135 

Rural arrest trends, 1963-64 (table 37) 136 

Rural arrests of persons under 18, under 21 and under 25 

(table 38) 137 

Rural arrests, distribution by sex (table 39) 138 

Rural arrests by race (table 40) 139- 14 1 

Suburban and rural arrest trends b}' sex, 1963-64 (table 

41) \ 142 

Police empWee data 143-170 

Full-time police employees, number and rate (table 42) _ 144-145 

Civilian emplo3^ees, percent of total (table 43) 146 

Police officers killed (table 44) 147 

Assaults on police officers (table 45) 148 

IV 



Police employee data — Continued Page 

Full-time State police employees and State police killed 

(table 46) 149 

Police employees in individual cities (tables 47 and 48) _ 150-170 
Offenses in individual areas 25,000 and over by population 

groups (table 49) 171-186 



Preface 

Uniform Crime Reports, a national collection of police statistics, 
provides information for a wide range of users — the police, legislators, 
courts, corrections, social scientists and the general public. Since the 
Program measures police activity as it relates to crime, the primary 
objectives are the collection and dissemination of meaningful data for 
the law enforcement community. The information collected nation- 
ally is merely a by-product of essential information needed by local 
police agencies to plan and perform more efficiently and effectively. 

The success of a law enforcement agency will depend first on the 
number and quality of its employees. Manpower not only accounts 
for the greatest proportion of police protection costs but also the 
effectiveness of the police operation will largely depend on its optimum 
use. To achieve the best allocation and deployment of available 
manpower, continued studies must be undertaken to determine needs 
for police service in terms of time, area and type of activity. This 
can be accomplished intelligently only when records containing the 
necessary details are complete and accurate. The manpower quality 
factor, of course, is dependent on selection standards and the adequacy 
of educational and training programs. 

In logical order, information is the second most important asset in 
achieving full effectiveness of law enforcement operations, both 
administrative and investigative. It is incumbent then upon police 
leadership to insure that controls are established requiring that all 
information coming to the attention of each officer is promptly and 
accurately reported and is thereafter systematically recorded in the 
department's files. Likewise, the data must be continuously retrieved 
not only for investigative use but also for analysis and assistance in 
planning and in making management decisions. Finally for ultimate 
value the processed information must be disseminated externally 
where required as weU as internally, and especially to the uniformed 
patrol for guidance in performing their vital duties more effectively. 

While the basic principles of records keeping remain the same, the 
increasing practical application of automatic data processing equip- 
ment to law enforcement information storage and retrieval is bringing 
great benefits. We should continue to be alert for ah new technological 
developments which can provide law enforcement with a greater 
capacity and a more rapid exchange of essential information. Cer- 

VII 



tainly for the future, practical solutions to such problems as machine 
reading of single fingerprints promise great advances. 

The need to fully utilize the valuable information accessible to 
law enforcement agencies is not new but the urgency that all depart- 
ments recognize and apply the necessary standards is immediate. 
With our continually increasing urbanization of population and 
mobility of offenders, law enforcement has a growing need to share 
m the data available to each agency and, by so doing, each com.munity 
will be afforded better police protection. 



A^ 



*^'Wo-sA«-\. 



John Edgar Hoover, Director. 



vin 



Crime Factors 

Uniform Crime Reports give a nationwide view of crime based on 
police statistics made possible by the voluntary cooperation of local 
law enforcement agencies. Since the factors which cause crime are 
many and vary from place to place, readers are cautioned against 
drawing conclusions from direct comparisons of crime figures between 
individual communities without first considering the factors involved. 
The national material summarized in this publication should be used, 
however, as a starting point to determine deviations of individual 
cities from the national averages. Crime is a social problem and the 
concern of the entire community. The law enforcement effort is 
limited to factors within its control. Some of the conditions which 
will affect the amount and type of crime that occurs from place to 
place are briefly outlined below: 

Density and size of the community population and the metro- 
politan area of which it is a part. 

Composition of the population with reference particularly to age, 
sex and race. 

Economic status and mores of the population. 

Relative stability of population, including commuters, seasonal, 
and other transient types. 

Climate, including seasonal weather conditions. 

Educational, recreational, and religious characteristics. 

Eft'ective strength of the police force. 

Standards governing appointments to the police force. 

Policies of the prosecuting officials and the courts. 

Attitude of the public toward law enforcement problems. 

The administrative and investigative efficiency of the local law 
enforcement agency. 



XI 



Sumniary 



(This section is jor the reader interested in the general crime picture. 
Technical data, oj interest 'primarily to police, social scientists, and 
other students, are presented in the following sections. Ij you wish 
assistance in the interpretation oj any information in this publication, 
please communicate with the Director, Federal Bureau oj Investigation, 
U.S. Deptartment oj Justice, Washington, D.C., 20535) 

Crime Capsule 

More than 2,600,000 serious crimes were reported during 1964. A 
13 percent rise over 1963. 

* * * 

National crime rate: 14 serious offenses per 1,000 inhabitants in 
1964. Eleven percent rise in rate over 1963. Since 1958 crime has 
increased 6 times faster than our population growth. 

* * * 

Surb urban crime has sharpest trend, up 17 percent. 

* * * 

Firearms used in 55 percent of all murders and 15 percent in assaults 
to kill. A knife or other cutting instrument used in 24 percent of all 
murders and 40 percent of aggravated assaults. 

* * * 

More than 300 robbery offenses occurred each day during 1964. 
Nationally, 57 percent were armed robberies, any weapon, and 43 
percent were strong-arm type. 

* * * 

More than 1,100,000 burglaries reported in 1964. A 12 percent 
increase over 1963. Nationally, 76 percent were by forcible entry. 

* * * 

Since 1958 car thefts have more than doubled the increase in auto 
registrations. 1,265 cars stolen each day during 1964. 

* * * 

Arrests for all criminal acts, excluding traffic, increased 5 percent 
over 1963. For persons under 18 arrests up 17 percent. 

* * =H 

In 1964 there were 57 officers murdered in line of duty. Thirty-one 
additional died in accidents and one of every 10 officers was assaulted. 

* * :ic 



Since 1960, 96 percent of the 225 officers slain were killed with 
firearms. Six of these killed by paroled murderers. 

* * * 

Careers in Crime: a special study particularly of the persistent 
offender is reported in this publication for the second year. 

Crime Index Totals 

The crimes of murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, 
robbery, aggravated assault, bm^glary, larceny $50 and over and auto 
theft are used in this Program as an index to determine the trend of 
crime in the United States. These offenses are tabulated on the 
basis of counts made by law enforcement agencies as the offenses 
become known to them. While they obviously do not measure ''or- 
ganized crime" or "white collar crime," these offenses do as a group 
represent the most common local crime problem. In calendar year 
1964 there was an estimated total of 2,604,400 crimes in these cate- 
gories. This represents an increase in the Crime Index of 13 percent 
over 1963. Each category of crime used in the Index showed an 
increase in 1964, ranging from 8 percent in murder to 21 percent in 
forcible rape. 

The property crimes of burglary, larceny $50 and over and auto 
theft made up 87 percent of the total Crime Index offenses. As a 
group they were up 13 percent in 1964 over 1963 and 61 percent over 
1958. Crimes of violence — -murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, 
forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault — comprised 13 percent 
of the Crime Index total and registered a 15 percent jump as a group 
over the prior year and a 40 percent rise when compared with 1958. 

The upward trend in cities grouped by popidation size was con- 
sistent. The sharpest upswing was a 20 percent rise in the cities 
having 10,000 to 25,000 inhabitants and from that peak ranged 
downward to a 5 percent rise in cities with more than 1,000,000 
inhabitants. Suburban areas registered a 17 percent increase in 
Crime Index offenses in 1964 while city crime was up 13 percent and 
rural crime 8 percent. 

Geographically, all regions had sharp increases led by the Southern 
States. Crimes of violence, as well as the propert}^ crimes, were up 
in all regions. 

The following table contains 1964 estimated crime figures for the 
United States. The violent crimes of murder, forcible rape, aggra- 
vated assault and robbery recorded the sharpest increases in a num- 
ber of years. The property crimes of burglary, larceny $50 and over 
and auto theft continued the rising trend of the past several years 
with auto theft showing the most significant jump in volume during 
1964. The 1964 estimates set forth indicate the volume of 



these offenses. The trend is based on the actual reportmg experience 
of comparable units. 





Estimated 


crime, 1964 


Percent change over 
1963 


Crime Index classification 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 
inhab- 
itants 


Number 


Rate 


Total 


2, 604, 400 


1,361.2 


+ 13 


+11 






9,250 
20, 550 
111,750 
184, 900 
1, 110, 500 
704, 500 
463, 000 


4.8 
10.7 
58.4 
96.6 
580.4 
368.2 
242.0 


+8 
+21 
+12 
+17 
+12 
+13 
+ 16 


+7 
+20 
+10 
+15 


Forcible rape 


Robberv _ _ 


Aggravated assault 




+11 
+11 
+14 


Larcenv $50 and over 


Auto theft 





Crime and Population 

The use of a crime rate puts the incidence of crime in perspective 
as it relates to population changes. According to figures released 
by the United States Bureau of the Census, total United States 
population grew 1.5 percent in 1964. In 1964 the national crime 
rate was 1,361 offenses per 100,000 population. This was an 11 
percent rise over 1963. Since 1958 the increase in crime has been 
almost 6 times greater than the population growth. It is pertinent 
to mention that a crime rate, for all practical purposes, is a victim 
risk rate. It must be kept in mind that these crime counts do not 
represent the number of criminals but, more accurately, the number 
of victims. 

A number of factors which affect the nature and extent of crime 
in a particular community are set forth on page xi of this publication. 
A crime rate is limited to a consideration of the numerical factor 
of population and does not incorporate any of the other elements 
which contribute to the amount of crime in an area. The statistical 
tables in subsequent sections of this book disclose the varying crime 
experiences, particularly among large cities and suburban com- 
munities, are affected by a complex set of involved factors and not 
solely by numerical population differences. 

The volume of crime in each offense category exceeded the popu- 
lation increase thus resulting in a rise in the crime rate. The overall 
crime rate increase is largely influenced by the voluminous property 
crimes. However, the murder rate was up 7 percent, forcible rape 
20 percent, aggravated assault 15 percent and robbery 10 percent 
over 1963. A relationship is indicated between population growth 
and the crime rate inasmuch as those areas having the fastest growing 
populations generally are reporting the highest crime rates. 

The accompanying charts illustrate the trend in serious crime from 
1958 through 1964. They show the percent increase in the volume 



CRIME AND POPULATION 

1958-1964 

PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1958 



+ 60 



50 



+ 40 



+ 30 



+ 20 



+ 10 



i 

I 

I 

I 

I 

I 
y 

# 
/ 
/ 
/ 

# > 

f / 

f / 

s -/— 

i I 

i / 

i / 

/ / 

' / 
/ / 

f / 

/ -J- 

^ / 

^ / 

y / 

/ / 

/ / 
4 J- 

/ 



K 



Crime 
up 58% 



A 



Crime Rate 
up 44% 



\ 



Population 
up 10% 



1958 1959 I960 1961 1962 1963 1964 

CRIME = INDEX OF CRIME OFFENSES 

CRIME RATE = NUMBER OF OFFENSES PER 100,000 POPULATION 



FBI CHART 



Chart 1 



CRIMES OF VIOLENCE 

1958-1964 
PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1958 



-1-60 
+ 50 
-H 40 
+ 30 
+ 20 
+ 10 



7 
/ 

JL_ 

7 

/ / 



VIOLENT 
CRIME 
UP 40% 



RATE 
UP 27% 



1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 
LIMITED TO MURDER, FORCIBLE RAPE, ROBBERY, AND AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 



FBI CHART 



Chart 2 



CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY 

1958-1964 
PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1958 



-I- 60 
+ 50 
+ 40 
+ 30 
+ 20 
+ 10 



/ 
/ 

/ 

4^ 



PROPERTY 
CRIME 
UP 61% 



RATE 
UP 46% 



1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 

LIMITED TO BURGLARY, LARCENY $50 AND OVER, AND AUTO THEFT 



FBI CHART 



Chart 3 



777-528°— 65 2 



of crime, tlie trend in tlie crime rate and population growth. The 
Crime Index offenses are further charted by vohime and by rate, 
broken down as to crimes of violence and crimes against property. 
It can readily be observed the rate for crimes of violence has increased 
27 percent during the 7-year interval while crimes against property 
have shown a rate increase of 46 percent over the same period of time. 
Arrest data commencing on page 105 ^^dll enable the reader to obtain 
information on other types of crimes as well as further data relating 
to the seven Crime Index offenses treated thus far. 

Criminal Homicide 

In this ProgTam murder and nonnegiigent manslaughter include 
all willful killings without due process of law. There are two types 
of justifiable killings which are not included; namety, a police officer 
or a private citizen killing a felon. In 1964 the number of willful 
killings increased 8 percent over the pre^dous year. The national 
murder rate was 4.8 killings per 100,000 persons. There were 9,250 
victims of murder, the highest number since the postwar year of 1946. 
This annual increase in murder, 1964 over 1963, was the sharpest 
trend for this crime in recent years. 

Murder occurs in a seasonal pattern; that is, more frequently 
in the summer months of the year. On a monthly basis this is gen- 
erally true with the usual exception of December. The seasonal 
pattern for murder is common in the city, suburban and rural areas. 
It was noted in last year's publication that December, 1963, for the 
first time in 10 years was sharpty below the annual average. In 
1964, December again was the peak month for this offense. Murder 
per unit of population was highest in the Southern States and in our 
large population centers. In 1964 increases were reported in all 
cities, large and small, when grouped by population size and also in 
suburban areas. Rural areas showed a decrease. 

In 1964, 55 percent or 5,090 murders were committed with fire- 
arms. A knife or other cutting instrument was used in 24 percent 
of the willful killings; personal weapons, that is, beatings, strangu- 
lations, etc., in 10 percent; blunt objects 5 percent; and the remaining 
6 percent were committed with other weapons such as poison (1/10 
of 1 percent), arson, exj^losives, etc. A gun, because of its accessi- 
bility and lethal nature, makes murder easy. Firearms were used 
in 57 percent of the suburban murders, 65 percent of the rural killings 
and 53 percent of those occurring in cities. Regionally, guns were 
used in 35 percent of the murder in the Northeastern States, 53 
percent in the Western States, 57 percent in the North Central 
States and 64 percent in the Southern States. When examined by 
motive or circumstance, guns predominated in all murders except 
sex killings wherein personal w^eapons, i.e., hands, fists, feet, etc., and 

6 



stabbings were most common. The handgun was used in 70 per- 
cent of murder by firearms, the shotgun in 20 percent and the rifle 
and other weapons in 10 percent. 

Circumstances or motives surrounding these willful killings indi- 
cate the extent to which this crime is generally beyond police control. 
Conditions that breed murder — social, human and material — vary 
widely from one area to another. In 1964 killings within the family 
made up 31 percent of all murder. Over one-half of these involved 
spouse killing spouse and 20 percent parents killing children. Mur- 
der outside the family unit, usually the result of altercations with 
acquaintances, made up 49 percent of the willful killings. In the lat- 
ter category romantic triangles or lovers' quarrels comprised 22 percent 
and killings resulting from drinking situations 17 percent. Felony 
murder, which is defined in this Program as those killings resulting 
from robberies, sex motives, gangland slayings and other felonious 
activities, made up 15 percent of these offenses and in another 5 
percent of the total police were unable to identify the reasons for the 
kiUings; however, the circumstances were such as to suspect felony 
murder. 

There were over 1,350 felony murders committed in 1964 during the 
course of crimes such as robberies, gangland sla3dngs, sex crimes, 
murders of police officers, etc. It is the law enforcement position that 
this is generally the type of killing for which the death penalty should 
be retained as a deterrent rather than the impulsive type murders 
described earlier. Statistical measurement of the deterrent effect of 
the death penalty or the lack of it is not conclusive from data currently 
available but the following is set forth for information. The felony 
murder rate in the eight noncapital punishment states for the three- 
year period 1962-1964 was 4 per milfion inhabitants. In the re- 
maining states where the death penalty was legally possible, the felony 
murder rate was 6 per million population. On the other hand, the 
proportion of felony murder to the total willful killings in the non- 
capital punishment states during the same period was 17 percent, while 
in capital punishment states the percentage of felony murder was 13 
percent. i\.s indicated earlier, the basic conditions which cause 
murder, including felony murder, vary widely from state to state. 
The extent to which these conditions exist will essentially determine 
the amount of murder, other factors are contributory. In subsequent 
pages more detailed information is set forth on murders, particularly 
with respect to police killings. 

The victims of murder are 3 to 1 male. In 1964, 6 percent were 9 
years of age or younger. Over one-half the victims of murder were 
Negro and over one-half the arrests for murder were Negro. The 
most common ages to become a victim of murder were the 20's and 
30's. Arrests for murder were 5 to 1 male. About one-third of the 



persons arrested for murder were under 25 years of age. Nationally, 
police arrests for murder during calendar year 1964 increased 8 percent. 
Manslaughter by negligence which is principall}" made up of traffic 
fatalities continued to increase recording a 9 percent rise over 1963. 
Total city experience was an 1 1 percent increase in manslaughter while 
suburban areas remained at about the same level and the rural areas 
recorded a 15 percent increase. 

Aggravated Assault 

During the calendar year 1964 aggravated assault rose 17 percent, 
follomng closel}^ the trend established by the other crimes of violence. 
This serious offense has been increasing steadily for several years, 
show^ing a 46 percent increase since 1958. There were an estimated 
184,900 serious assaults with intent to kill or commit serious injury 
during 1964. For each 100,000 persons in the United States there 
were 97 ^dctims of these ^dcious attacks. Past surveys and experience 
have shown that nearlj^ two-thirds of these offenses involve persons 
within the same family unit or the victim and assailant are acquainted. 
In this respect, as well as the nature of the attack, aggravated assault 
is similar to murder. 

Sectionally, the aggravated assault rate was highest in the Southern 
States and in the large population centers. The cities with over 
250,000 population recorded a serious assault rate per unit of popula- 
tion 3 times greater than that in the suburban and rural areas. 

These crimes generally occur beyond the reach of police patrol. 
Law enforcement's efforts are generalh" limited to a call for assistance 
and arrest of the offender. While typically a crime of social disorder, 
aggravated assaults frequently involve hazards for police. In the 
last five years, 45 police officers have been killed responding to this 
tj^pe of call for police assistance usually involving family disputes. 
Many more officers have been seriously injured. Police nationally 
solved 74 percent by the arrest of the offender. Police arrests for 
aggravated assault also increased 17 percent during the past year. 
Arrests for persons under 18 years of age increased 22 percent while 
adult arrests were up 16 percent. 

Seasonal variations for aggravated assault during 1964 followed 
the pattern which has been in effect for many years; namely, high in 
the summer months and tapering off in the colder months. August 
recorded the high for the year while January was the lowest month. 
Generally, rural and suburban areas followed the same seasonal 
trend as the cities. 

In examining arrests for this offense b}^ sex, males outnumbered 
females by more than 6 to 1. The 20-24 year olds led the arrest 
rate age group. Persons under 18 years of age made up 15 percent 
of the total arrests for this offense nationally. This was consistent 



in city and suburban areas; however, the rural areas reported only 8 
percent of the individuals arrested for this offense were under the age 
of 18. It is interesting to note that since weapons are generally 
used in this crime, arrests for young persons in the rural areas for 
carrying and possessing weapons were substantially lower when 
compared to city and suburban areas. 

Of all the serious offenses in the Crime Index, aggravated assault 
shows the least possibility of conviction on original charge. This is 
due primarily to the relationship between the assailant and victim. 
About 82 percent of the persons arrested for aggravated assault were 
formally charged. Of these, 32 percent were found guilty as charged, 
20 percent were found guilty of a lesser charge, 34 percent were 
acquitted or dismissed and another 14 percent were referred to 
juvenile court. 

Nationall^^, weapons used in aggravated assault are 15 percent by 
firearms, 40 percent knife or other cutting instrument, 23 percent 
blunt object or other weapon, and 22 percent personal weapons. 
While this ratio of weapons is fairly consistent among large and small 
cities and suburban areas, the rural area reports about 20 percent of 
the aggravated assault is committed with the use of a gun. By 
applying the 15 percent firearms to the total of 184,900 aggravated 
assaults in 1964, it is reasonably estimated there were 27,700 attacks 
with a gun in which the victim survived. Geographically the North- 
eastern States reported 9 percent of the assaults to kill by gun, the 
North Central States 15, Western States 16 and the Southern States 
19 percent. 

Forcible Rape 

There were 20,550 forcible rapes or assaults to commit this offense 
in the United States during 1964. It is an accepted fact that many of 
these crimes are not reported to the police primarily because of fear 
or embarrassment on the part of the victims. The volume of these 
offenses constituted a 21 percent increase over 1963 and for the first 
time in many years the number of these crimes showed a marked in- 
crease in relation to population growth. Since 1958 forcible rapes have 
increased 30 percent. In 1964 on the average 56 offenses occurred 
each day. 

Actual rapes by force constituted two-thirds of the total offenses 
reported in this category, assaults to rape one-third. The number of 
victims per 100,000 females rose from 17 in 1963 to 21, up 23 percent. 
Forcible rape is primarily a big city crime, and cities with population 
in excess of 250,000 persons reported a rate more than double that in 
the suburban or rural areas. It is a seasonal offense in that it is com- 
mitted most frequently during the summer months of June through 
September and occurs least often in January, February and March. 

9 



In 1964 the prevalence of this offense reached its high point in the 
cities during July, August in the rural areas, and September in the 
suburbs. The chart which follows illustrates the 5-year average 
seasonal variations for this offense as well as the monthly variations 
for 1964. 

The trend of forcible rape offenses in the rural areas rose 28 percent 
over 1963. The suburbs were up 26 percent, and cities as a group 
gained 21 percent. Cities over one million had the smallest percentage 
increase over 1963, 9 percent, but accounted for 21 percent of the total 
crimes in this classification. Geographically, all regions reported sharp 
increases over 1963. 

Sunilar to other crimes against the person, this crime is generally 
beyond reach of police preventive patrols. In 1964 police were suc- 
cessful in solving 67 percent of these crimes, a decrease of 4 percent 
from 1963. Based on information available for the first time this year 
it has been determined that in 14 of every 100 cases solved, persons 
under 18 years of age were involved. 

The number of young persons arrested for this crime increased 8 
percent and arrests of persons 18 years and over were down 2 percent. 
Sixty-two percent of the individuals arrested were under 25 jeo-rs of 
age, 40 percent were under 21 and 19 percent under 18. The highest 
arrest rate was for persons in the 18-21 year age group. The largest 
increase in arrests for this offense was in the suburbs, up 9 percent, 
followed by the rural areas which had an 8 percent increase. Arrests 
for this offense in cities declined 2 percent. 

For varying reasons all persons arrested for a specific crime are not 
turned over to the courts for prosecution. In this crime the victim 
frequently refuses to prosecute; however, 77 percent of those arrested 
were held for prosecutive action. Of this number 31 percent were 
found guilty as charged, 15 percent were found guilty on a lesser charge, 
32 percent were acquitted or their cases were dismissed and 22 percent 
were turned over to juvenile court jurisdiction. 

Other sex offenses, including statutory rape where no force is used, 
are collected on the basis of persons arrested. Persons arrested for 
these offenses account for slightly over 1 percent of all police arrests. 
Arrests for persons under 18 were up 7 percent while adult arrests 
for these crimes were down 5 percent. 

The proportion of young persons arrested for other sex offenses in 
1964 rose with persons under 18 accounting for 24 percent of these 
arrests against 21 percent in 1963. The percentages of arrests of 
persons in the young age brackets by both city and suburban law 
enforcement agencies registered increases, while rural areas had a 
slight decline. Fifty-six percent of the persons prosecuted were found 
guilty of the offense as charged and 7 percent were found guilty of a 
lesser offense. An additional 17 percent were acquitted or dismissed 

10 



while in 20 percent of the cases the offenders were referred to juvenile 
court jurisdiction. 

Assaults to rape or attempted forcible rapes have always been in- 
cluded in the definition of this crime classification. In 1964 the monthly 
and annual returns were subdivided to collect separate counts on 
rape by force and attempts. This resulted in more complete reporting 
for which adjustments have been made in national and area trends. 

Robbery 

Robbery comprises 4 percent of the Crime Index offenses. It is a 
vicious type of crime due to the force or threat of force used to deprive 
the victim of money and/or property. In many instances bodily in- 
jury occurs to the victim of these attacks. In 1964 there were over 
111,750 such crimes, an increase of 12 percent over 1963. An average 
loss of $280 resulted in each robbery with the total loss in property 
exceeding $31 million. 

More than 300 robbery offenses occurred each day throughout 1964. 
Robbery since 1958 has risen 36 percent in volume and the national 
rate during 1964 was 58 offenses per 100,000 population, up from 53 in 
1963. The cities experienced 12 percent increases in the number of 
robberies being committed, the suburbs a 16 percent jump, while the 
rural areas had an increase of less than one percent. 

Geographically by region. Southern States experienced a sharp 20 
percent rise over 1963 in the volume of robbery offenses followed by 
the Northeastern States with a 14 percent increase. The Western 
States were up 11 percent and the North Central States rose 5 percent. 

Armed robberies, with any weapon, constituted 57 percent of the 
overall offenses nationally and in the cities, while 43 percent were of 
the strong-arm type. The suburban areas showed a somewhat higher 
ratio of armed to unarmed robbery with 63 percent recorded as armed 
and 37 percent unarmed, while the rural areas followed closely with 
59 percent armed, 41 percent strong-arm. By region the Western 
States reported that 61 percent of the robbery offenses were armed 
and in 39 percent strong-arm methods were applied. The ratio in 
the Northeastern States was 60 percent armed and 40 percent un- 
armed. In the Southern States 58 percent were armed and 42 per- 
cent were unarmed. In the North Central States 53 percent were 
armed robberies and 47 percent were strong-arm. 

The seasonal variation for this crime changed slightly from the ex- 
perience over the past five years as exhibited in Chart 4. The peak 
was reached in December and the low point in May. Robberies in 
the suburbs closely followed the city experience, while rural robberies 
were generally more frequent in the summer months with a peak in 
August. 

11 



CRIMES 



KEY: 1959 - 1963 MOVING AVERAGE 

AGAINST THE PERSON 



f30% 
4-20 




— 30 



JAN. 



FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. 



+30% 
+ 20% 
+ 10% 

ANNUAL 



NEGLIGENT 
HANSIAUGHTER 



AVERAGE! 
- 10% 

-20% 






-30% ' ^ — ^ — — -^ 

JAN. FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. 

+ 30% r — — — 



+ 20% 
+ 10% 

ANNUAL 



AVERAGE 
- 10% 

-20% 



— 30% 



FOPCiELE RAPE 



JAN. FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. 



+30' 
+ 20' 
+ 10' 

ANNUAL 



20% 
-30% 

12 



AGGRAVATED 
ASSAULT 




Chart 4 



BY MONTH 



VARIATIONS FROM 1964 ANNUAL AVERAGE 

AGAINST PROPERTY 



+ 30% 


ROBBERY 




i 


4-20% 

4- 10% 
ANNUAL 


L^ ^' 


^^-- 




^^^X^^ 


AVERAGE 




^^,^<!^^^^^' 


f^-^ 


-— 10% 


^^Jl,I."r-^-^'^ 






-30% 





JAN. FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC« 



4-30% 



4-20% 



4- 10% 
ANNUAL 



BURGLARY 



AVERAGE 

- 10% 
-20% 



"'^^ 



-30% 



JAN. FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. 



+ 30% 1^: 




-30% 



JAN. FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. 



+30% 
+20% 
+ 10% 

ANNUAL 



AVERAGE 

-10% 
-20% 
-30% 



AUTO THEFT 



FBI CHART 



Chart 4 



13 



Street robberies increased 9 percent over 1963 and made up over 
half the total volume. While city bank robbery only constituted 1 
percent of the total robbery picture, it increased 26 percent with an 
average loss of $3,309. Robberies of service stations comprise 5 per- 
cent of the total, but this category experienced a substantial 22 per- 
cent rise over 1963. The average loss was $126. Chain store robbery 
which is 3 percent of all robberies gained 14 percent over 1963. Resi- 
dence robbery which is 9 percent of the total increased 7 percent and 
business house robbery which constitutes 21 percent of this offense 
increased 5 percent. 

The robbery rate has increased 23 percent since 1958. Cities over 
250,000 population had an incidence rate 7 times greater than the 
suburban areas and 16 times the rate in the rural sections of the coun- 
try. The largest cities with a million or more people recorded a 
robbery rate three and one-half times the level reached in other cities, 
8 to 1 more than suburban areas and about 20 times higher than the 
rate in rural areas. Geographically, the robbery raite was highest in 
the East North Central and Pacific States. 

Nationally in 1964 police cleared through arrest of the offender 37 
percent of the robbery oft'enses, a decrease from the previous year. 
One out of five of the solved cases involved persons under 18. These 
young offenders were involved in 62 percent strong-arm robbery and 
38 percent armed robbery. 

For each 100,000 population during 1964 there were 30 arrests for 
this crime. Arrest activity hj city police showed a 6 percent uicrease 
over 1963. The sharpest increase was for persons under 18, up 10 
percent. Arrests in the suburbs were up 4 percent; however, rural 
arrests were down 4 percent. Young persons under the age of 18 
made up 28 percent of all police arrests for robbery and persons under 
25 accounted for 68 percent. The high arrest rate age group was 
20-24. 

Seventy-eight out of each 100 persons arrested for robbery were 
formally charged by the police. Of those charged, 39 percent were 
found guilty as charged, 12 percent were convicted on a lesser charge 
and 19 percent were acquitted or the charge was dismissed. In 30 
percent of the cases the offenders were referred to juvenile court 
jurisdiction. 

Burglary 

More than 1,100,000 burglaries were committed in the United 
States during 1964. This is a 12 percent increase over 1963. Since 
1958 burglaries have risen 57 percent and in 1964 the daily average 
for this offense exceeded 3,000. The average value of property taken 
in each burglary amounted to $224 or total loss in excess of $248 
million. If the destruction and damage to property which resulted 

14 



from burglary were known and could be added to this amount, the 
total cost of this crime would be substantially increased. 

Burglary includes both forcible and unlawful entry where no 
breaking is involved. Data collected during 1964 indicate that 
nationally forcible entry burglary comprises 76 percent of these 
offenses while 17 percent were of the unlawful entry type, no force 
used, and the remaining 7 percent were attempts to commit forcible 
entry burglary. City burglary figures indicate 75 percent forcible 
entry and 17 percent unlawful entry while the proportion in the sub- 
urbs was 74 percent and 18 percent. In the rural areas forcible entry 
was used in 82 percent of the burglaries while unlawful entry accounted 
for 14 percent. 

Almost three-fourths of these crimes occurred at night and more 
than one-half of the places victimized were nonresidential in character. 
It is noted, however, that all residential burglaries increased over 
1963 with daytime entries of residences showing a sharp 26 percent 
upswing. On the other hand, daytime burglaries of nonresidential 
places accounted for only 5 percent of the total crimes in this category. 
Residential burglaries accounted for 47 percent of the total volume 
with slightly over half being committed at night. The monthly and 
seasonal pattern in 1964 paralleled the 5-year average with the low 
point during the late spring and early summer months rising gradually 
to a peak in December. The suburban area follows this pattern but 
the rural burglary frequency is highest in the summer months with 
August the peak month. 

Burglary is the Crime Index offense which happens most often. 
It made up 43 percent of the serious crime in 1964. The fact this 
crime is increasing more rapidly than the population growth is 
demonstrated by the rise of 11 percent in the burglary rate. In 1963 
there were 524 offenses per 100,000 population, but in 1964 the rate 
rose to 580. This is primarily a big city crime with the influence 
being felt in the suburban areas. The rate for cities was double 
that for rural areas and about one and one-half the suburban rate. 
The incidence of burglary in the suburbs, however, is climbing 
faster than in either the large cities or rural sections of the country. 

By geographic region, the burglary rate was highest in the Western 
and Southern States. When measuring the increase in burglary based 
on the volume of these crimes, the Southern States showed the 
greatest percent change, up 16 percent, followed by the North- 
eastern States up 13 percent, the Western States up 11 percent and 
the North Central States which had a 10 percent increase. 

Nationally, police were able to solve 1 of every 4 burglary offenses 
by the identification and the arrest of the offender. Thirty-eight 
percent of the solutions involved persons under 18 years of age. Be- 
cause of the nature, volume and lack of witnesses, burglary presents 

15 



police with problems of solution which are extremely difficult to 
overcome. 

Nationally tiiere was a 10 percent increase in arrests for burglary. 
Slightly more than one-half of the persons arrested were under 
18 years of age and the additional involvement of youths can be 
seen when it is noted that 8 out of every 10 burglary arrests were 
accounted for by persons under 25 years of age. The highest arrest 
rate for this crime was the 15-19 age group. 

Police charged 80 percent of the persons they arrested for this 
crime and of that number 28 percent were found guilty as charged. 
An additional 10 percent were convicted on a lesser charge, 10 percent 
were acquitted or their cases were dismissed and 52 percent were 
referred to juvenile court jurisdiction. 

Many burglaries are successful only because this crime is made 



CRIME CLOCKS 



1964 




SERIOUS CRIMES 

5 EACH MINUTE 




MURDER, FORCIBLE RAPE 
OR ASSAULT TO KILL 

ONE EVERY 2 Vs MINUTES 




MURDER 

ONE EVERY HOUR 






FORCIBLE RAPE 

ONE EVERY 26 MINUTES 



AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 

ONE EVERY 3 MINUTES 



ROBBERY 

ONE EVERY 5 MINUTES 






BURGLARY 

ONE EVERY 28 SECONDS 



LARCENY 
($50 and over) 

ONE EVERY 45 SECONDS 



AUTO THEFT 

1 EACH MINUTE 



FBI CHART 



Chart 5 



16 



essentially easy in at least 17 percent of the incidents when 
doors, windows or other means of entry are left imsecure. Law en- 
forcement agencies in many areas today are endeavoring to educate 
the citizens they serve concerning steps they can take to reduce the 
incidence of this crime and better protect their property. 

Larceny 

Larceny, as the term is used in the Uniform Crime Reporting 
Program, includes such crimes as shoplifting, pocket-picking, purse- 
snatching, thefts from autos, thefts of auto accessories, etc. In 
compiling the Crime Index only those larceny-theft cases are used 
where the value of goods stolen amounts to $50 or more. In 1964 
there were an estimated 705,000 thefts over $50 in value, an increase 
of 13 percent over 1963. This crime ranks second only to burglary 
in volume among the Crime Index violations and since 1958 larcenies 
have increased 69 percent. 

Large cities over 250,000 population reported an average increase 
of 6 percent in serious theft, the suburban area 20 percent and rural 
11 percent. Regionally, the sharp trends in thefts over $50 ranged 
from 1 1 percent in the Northeastern and 13 percent in the North Cen- 
tral States to 18 in the Southern and 17 percent in the Western States. 

Seasonal variations in larceny show no sharp changes but are fairly 
consistent from month to month. Comparing 1964 with the 5-year 
monthly variations it is found that the 1964 experience follows the 
long-term variations very closely with the peak number of larcenies 
having been reported in August and the least number in January. 
On the average throughout the year there was one reported offense 
of larceny every 45 seconds. 

When related to population and without regard for value of goods 
stolen, a national theft rate of 1,286 larcenies per 100,000 population 
is obtained. This means that on the average about 13 of every 1,000 
persons in the United States were theft victims during 1964, an 
increase of one per thousand over 1963. Rural areas had the lowest 
larceny rate, an average of 4 thefts per 1,000 population; suburban 
areas followed with a rate of 11 and the Nation's cities had a rate 
of 17 per 1,000. 

Many thefts, particularly those of small value, are never reported 
to law enforcement agencies. The loss from those crimes which were 
reported to police in 1964, including those where the value of property 
stolen was less than $50, was $207 million. This is an average loss 
of $84 for each reported offense. 

An analysis of larceny by type discloses these crimes occur most 
often as thefts from autos and of automobile accessories. These two 
classifications accounted for 40 percent of all larcenies by volume in 

17 



1964. Stolen bicycles made up 16 percent, shoplifting 7 percent, 
purse-snatching 2 percent, pocket-picking 1 percent and thefts from 
buildings, other than shoplifting, 17 percent. Thefts from coin- 
operated devices, such as vending machines, parking meters, telephone 
booths, etc., were responsible for another 3 percent of the larceny 
offenses. All classifications of larceny had increases in 1964 with 
pocket-picking showing the sharpest rise, up 37 percent. Purse- 
snatching rose 22 percent and shoplifting 17 percent. 

The foregoing figures for thefts from buildings and thefts from 
coin-operated machines were made possible through the revised 
breakdown on larceny used in the 1964 collection. This additional 
information has permitted the isolation and identification of 20 percent 
of the larceny offenses previously recorded in the ''all other" categor}^ 

Larceny is a crime of opportunity. This means the dift'erence 
between a crime falling into the $50 and over group and one in the 
under $50 group is primarilj^ a matter of the value of property avail- 
able to the thief. The criminal act in any instance is the same. 
For example, it is pm'ely a matter of chance whether a camera stolen 
from an automobile happens to be worth $20 or $150. 

The solution of larceny cases is difficult because, as in other crimes 
against property, there are usually no witnesses; the stolen goods are 
generally of such a nature they are readily assimilated into everyda}^ 
use; and identification, therefore, is almost impossible. The volume 
of these crimes makes complete investigation of each reported case 
an impossibility. The fact well over half of these crimes occur on 
the street indicates they are best subject to control through police 
patrols. However, citizen alertness in providing better security to 
personal property is needed for any real reduction in the crime of theft. 
In 1964 law enforcement agencies nationally cleared 19 percent of all 
reported cases. City crime data shows that 43 percent of all larcenies 
cleared involved only young persons under 18 years of age. In the 
subm'bs 45 percent of the solutions and in rural areas 29 percent of 
the theft solutions involved only persons under the age of 18. 

During 1964 police made 271 arrests for larceny-theft violations 
per 100,000 population. Persons under 25 years of age accounted 
for 75 percent of all arrests. Persons under 21 were involved in 66 
percent and those under 18 years of age in 54 percent. The highest 
arrest rate was in the 15-19 year age group. Total arrests on larcen}^ 
charges increased 13 percent over 1963. Cities and suburban areas 
had the greatest increase, up 13 percent and rural areas rose 7 percent. 

Police charged 79 percent of the persons they arrested for larceny. 
Of this number 40 percent were found guilty of the original charge, 
4 percent guilty of a lesser charge, 13 percent acquitted or dismissed 
and 43 percent were referred to juvenile court jurisdiction. 

18 



Auto Theft 

Auto theft is a substantial law enforcement problem. In 1964 
there were over 463,000 autos stolen, a 16 percent increase over 1963. 
On the average, there were about 1,265 cars stolen each day during 
the year. Since 1958 auto theft, which has increased 61 percent in 
volume, has more than doubled the 26 percent increase in car registra- 
tions. 

The average value of each car stolen during 1964 was $1,048 for a 
total loss in excess of $485 million. Eighty-nine percent of the stolen 
autos were recovered, but the remaining 11 percent constituted a loss 
in excess of $53 million to the car owners and insurance companies. 
We are unable to measure the human loss — personal injury or death — - 
but we do know that auto theft activity, regardless of the theft 
purpose, frequently results in injury or death to the perpetrators, 
innocent bystanders and police officers. Property damage constitutes 
an additional loss, either in damage to the stolen vehicle and/or to 
public or private property. 

Geographically, the Northeastern and Southern regions led in auto 
theft activity with increases of 19 and 18 percent respectively. These 
regions were followed by the North Central and Western States, 
which experienced rises of 14 and 12 percent. In the suburban areas 
auto theft surged upward 20 percent followed by cities 16 percent 
while the rural areas reported a 3 percent rise. 

Nationally, the greatest volume of auto theft occurred during 
the month of October. This was true both in the cities and suburban 
areas. In the rural areas, auto theft reached its peak in September, 
but the months of June, July and August also experienced a high 
volume of auto theft. 

The police were able to arrest the person or persons responsible 
in 26 percent of the total auto theft cases. About 50 percent of these 
solutions involved persons under the age of 18. The increase in auto 
theft arrests for persons under 18 in the past 5 years has more than 
doubled the growth of the young age population 10-17 years which 
is primarily identified with this crime. 

Total arrests for car theft during the year increased 13 percent, 
with male offenders under 18 years of age contributing a 14 percent 
rise. Persons 18 years of age and over contributed an increase of 10 
percent. In the suburban areas total auto theft arrests were up 15 
percent while arrests of young persons rose 13 percent and those 18 
and over were up 19 percent. In the rural areas total arrests were up 
12 percent while the arrests of young persons were up 17 percent and 
those over 18 years of age accounted for a rise of 7 percent. 

The highest arrest rate for auto theft is for persons in the 15-19 
age group. Offenders under the age of 18 accounted for 64 percent 

19 



of all auto theft arrests while persons under the age of 25 were re- 
sponsible for 89 percent of the total arrests. In prior auto theft 
surveys it has been shown based on arrests that when only persons 
under the age of 18 are involved, 58 percent of the thefts involved two 
or more persons within this young age group. In about one-third of 
such thefts the young person acts alone and in the remaining per- 
centage this person usually acts in concert with an adult. 

Eighty-three percent of the persons arrested for auto theft were 
charged in court. Twenty-one percent of these were found guilty as 
charged while 7 percent were convicted of a lesser offense. Eleven 
percent were acquitted or dismissed and 61 percent were diverted 
to the juvenile authorities. 

At least 42 percent of all cars stolen have the key in the ignition or 
the ignition is unlocked. Public awareness of this fact could reduce 
auto theft. Drivers must recognize their responsibility to lock their 
ignition and secure their automobiles. By so doing, they will remove 
the easy opportunity for the commission of auto theft, specifically, 
those thefts committed by young persons, most of which are impulsive 
acts and in too many instances are the beginning of criminal careers. 

About 25 percent of all cars stolen are used in another crime, for 
resale or are taken for the purpose of stripping for parts. The remain- 
ing 75 percent are taken for transportation or the reason for theft is 
unknown. In most auto thefts there are no ^\atnesses to the criminal 
act and neither the police nor the complainant are able to identify the 
reason for the theft. In most all instances when police recover an 
abandoned stolen car, they are unable to identify the purpose of theft. 
The purpose of theft usually is not kno^\^l unless an arrest is made. 
A theft of an automobile whether for use in another crime, resale, 
stripping for parts or for transportation demands about the same 
amount of police service. 

Most auto thefts, two-thirds, occur at night and over one-half of the 
thefts are from private residences, apartments and/or from streets in 
residential areas. 

Local law enforcement agencies in which jurisdiction the cars are 
stolen on the average recover about 64 percent mthin 48 hours. 
However, an average of 20 percent of all cars stolen are recovered by 
agencies outside the jurisdiction where the theft occurred. In some 
of the larger metropolitan areas over 50 percent of the automobiles 
stolen are recovered in another police jm'isdiction. Only about 5 
percent of all cars stolen are driven interstate. 

Clearances 

Nationally the 1964 clearance or police solution rate of 24.5 percent 
declined two percent from 1963. Specifically, the police cleared by 
arrest of the offender or by exceptional means 90 percent of the murder, 

20 



CRIMES CLEARED BY ARREST 

1964 



AGAINST THE PERSON 



CLEARED 



90% 



MURDER 



ano/ NEGLIGENT 

00 /o MANSLAUGHTER 



C7q/ FORCIBLE 
b//o RAPE 



TA of AGGRAVATED 
/*/^ ASSAULT 



NOT CLEARED 



AGAINST PROPERTY 



CLEARED 



37% 



25% 



19% 



26% 



NOT CLEARED 



ROBBERY 



BURGLARY 



LARCENY 



AUTO THEFT 



FBI CHART 



Chart 6 



777-528°— 65 a 



21 



67 percent of the reported forcible rape and 74 percent of the aggra- 
vated assault. The robbery clearance was -37 percent, auto theft 26 
percent, burglary 25 percent and larceny-theft 19 percent. The 
propert}^ crime clearance rates are generally low because of the volume 
of these offenses, the lack of witnesses and the relatively thin police 
protection in terms of numbers. The restrictive court decisions 
affecting police prevention and enforcement activity have influenced, 
at least in part, the dowTiward trend in clearances and the increases in 
acquittals and dismissals. 

In 1964 the police nationwide provided a new index to the involve- 
ment of young people in criminal acts. The chart on page 23 shows 
the relationship of arrests and crimes chargeable to persons under 18 
years of age. Arrests are counted on the basis of the number of 
persons taken into custody for a particular crime. The unit of count 
on clearances is the offense without regard to the number of persons 
who are arrested and charged. Persons under 1 8 3^ears of age were repre- 
sented in 48 percent of all the arrests for the predatory or Crime Index 
type offenses. Based on clearances 37 percent of these predatory or 
serious crimes were identified as having been committed by young 
offenders. The young age group, 10-17 years, makes up about 15 per- 
cent of our national population but commit 43 percent of all the property 
crimes — bm^giary, larceny and auto theft — based on police solutions. 
Arrests indicate the number of young people involved and it is a fact 
that they are prone to engage in criminal activity in concert with other 
persons, usually other juveniles. Both arrests and clearances are useful 
indices since arrests suggest the number of young people involved and 
clearances reveal the extent to which young people can be identified 
with the number of crimes committed in a community. Clearances 
are one measure of police activity to control crime; arrests for criminal 
acts are another which are discussed in subsequent pages. The 
increasing demands for police service in many forms dilutes police 
preventive time to better control the above crimes. In 1964 the 
police officer handled on the average 10 arrests for drunkenness and 
related violations, 11 charges for other criminal acts, and 174 traffic 
citations, 5 percent of which were physical custody arrests or in which 
warrants were served. 

Persons Arrested 

Characteristics of age, sex, and race of persons arrested by police 
for specific criminal acts are collected under the Uniform Crime 
Reporting Program. A total count of all crimes will never come to 
the attention of police. Reluctance on the part of victims due to 
embarrassment, fear, low value of property stolen, etc., are some of the 
reasons for this situation. Similarly, not all crimes that are reported 
result in solution through the arrest of the offender. Arrests, however, 

22 



OFFENSES AND ARRESTS 

PERSONS UNDER 18 YEARS OF AGE 

(PERCENT OF ALL AGES) 

1964 

10 20 30 40 50 60 70 



MURDER 

NEGLIGENT 
MANSLAUGHTER 

FORCIBLE RAPE 

ROBBERY 

AGGRAVATED 
ASSAULT 

BURGLARY 
LARCENY 
AUTO THEFT 






m 



OFFENSES 
ARRESTS 




FBI CHART 



Chart 7 



23 



provide useful data on offenders by age, sex, and race. Remember, 
this is a count of arrests and one person may be taken into custody more 
than once durino- the year. This is especially true for certain types of 
offenses, such as drunkenness and related violations. 

In 1964 arrests for all criminal acts, excluding traffic, increased 5 per- 
cent over 1963. Nationally there were 35 arrests for each 1 ,000 persons. 
For cities the rate was 41, suburban areas 21 and rural 15. The 
total volume of city arrests increased 5 percent. Suburban and rural 
arrests increased 8 percent each. 

Considering the increase in crime, police control through arrest 
activity showed a similar trend. Nationwide, police arrests were up 12 
percent for the serious offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, 
aggravated assault, burglary, larceny, and auto theft. This trend was 
consistent in all areas, ranging from a 13 percent increase in suburban 
communities to a 12 percent rise in the cities and 9 percent in the rural 
area. When viewed nationally, arrests for persons under 18 rose 15 
percent for these crimes, while adult arrests were up 9 percent. The 
experience was similar in urban, rural and suburban places. For the 
country as a whole, these young people comprised 48 percent of all 
police arrests for serious offenses. Young people comprised 54 percent 
of the total arrests for the serious crimes in the suburban communities 
and 38 percent in the rural area. 

A review of total arrests of persons under the age of 18 reveals a 
continued upswing in their involvement with police. The nationwide 
increase in all arrests, again excluding traffic, for persons under 18 
was 17 percent. In cities where volume is the highest, arrests of 
these young persons rose 17 percent. Suburban and rural areas 
recorded 21 percent and 22 percent increases each. Thirty percent 
of the total arrests in suburban areas were for persons under 18, 20 
percent in cities, and in the rural areas young people made up 19 
percent of arrests for all criminal acts. Regionally, the North Central 
and Western States recorded 21 percent increases in juvenile arrests, 
while the Northeastern States were up 13 percent and the Southern 
States, 12. 

Nationally, males are arrested eight times more often than females 
for all criminal acts. The overall arrest trend for females for the 
serious crimes, however, showed a sharp 20 percent rise. Arrests of 
girls under 18 increased 27 percent. Sharpest increases for female 
arrests for these serious crimes were recorded in the burglary and 
auto theft categories. Girls under the age of 18 comprised over 
45 percent of the runaways held for protective custody by police. 

Both male and female arrests for narcotic drug violations rose 
sharply in 1964. Nationally, 49 percent of the narcotic drug arrests 
were opium derivatives, marijuana 26, synthetic narcotics 6, and 
nonnarcotic drugs such as barbiturates 19 percent. Gamblmg arrests 

24 



were up for the first time in 5 years, almost one-third of which were 
for bookmaking and numbers. 

Nationally, the number of arrests for the crimes of violence and 
crimes against property rose 30 percent 1964 over 1960. When 
related to the population increase, the arrest rate for homicide, forcible 
rape, aggravated assault, robbery, burglary, larceny, and auto theft as 
a total was up 22 percent during this 5-year period. The young age 
group arrests for these crimes increased 49 percent in volume and 
persons 18 years of age and older 15 percent. 

In 1964 arrests of persons under 18 for burglary increased 29 percent 
over 1960, for larceny 61 percent, and auto theft 54 percent. Arrests 
of young people for murder rose 26 percent, forcible rape 23, aggra- 
vated assault 60, and robbery 35 percent. Adult arrests during the 
same period followed a similar but less marked trend with auto theft 
arrests up 26 percent and aggravated assault arrests 18 percent. 

Other specific arrest trends for all age groups 1964 over 1960 
include a 20 percent rise in fraud and embezzlement, 20 percent 
increase in carrying or possessing dangerous weapons, 11 percent rise 
in sex offense arrests, 29 percent narcotic drug violations, 14 percent 
rise in arrests for driving under the influence, and 32 percent upswing 
in liquor law violations. 

Considerably more details on arrests by age, sex, race, and offense 
are available in statistical tables beginning on page 105. 

Persons Charged 

In every jurisdiction law enforcement officers arrest a certain 
number of offenders who are not turned over to the courts for prosecu- 
tion. There are many reasons for this; such as, failure of victims to 
cooperate in the prosecution, arrested persons are released with a 
warning, sufficient evidence cannot be gathered to make a formal 
charge, police determine the arrested person did not commit the 
offense, etc. It is pointed out, for example, that law enforcement 
agencies nationally handle within their departments and release 
without formal charge or referral to juvenile authorities about half 
the juveniles taken into custody. In this Program all law enforce- 
ment agencies are urged to obtain and report final dispositions in 
cases involving persons they arrest. Tables containing this data 
commence on page 101. Included in the statistical count are juveniles 
(local age limit) who are arrested and turned over to juvenile court 
jurisdiction in connection with specific criminal acts. In using these 
hgures it must be borne in mind that pohce handling of juvenile 
offenders differs widely. 

Reports received from over 1,600 cities of all sizes disclose that for 
all criminal acts, except traffic, 68 percent of those prosecuted were 
found guilty as charged, 3 percent guilty of a lesser charge, 15 percent 

25 



were acquitted or otherwise dismissed and 14 percent were referred 
to juvenile court authorities. Acquittals and dismissals of adult 
offenders for the serious crimes amounted to 26 percent of the total 
adults charged compared to 24 percent in 1963, Acquittal and dis- 
missal increases were recorded for murder, forcible rape, robbery, 
burglar}', larceny and auto theft. Only aggravated assault showed a 
decline. 

Juvenile referrals increased 13 percent with the greatest volume 
increase among the serious offenses in auto theft where, of all persons 
charged, 61 percent were juveniles, up from 58 percent in 1963. 

All serious crimes except murder and aggravated assault contributed 
to the above-mentioned drop in persons found guilty as charged. 
These were also the two serious crimes where offenders were most 
often found guilty of a lesser offense. For all serious offenses 1 of 
every 3 persons held for prosecution was found guilty on the original 
charge, 8 percent guilty of a lesser offense, 15 percent acquitted or 
dismissed and 43 percent referred to juvenile court. 

Among all tA^pes of criminal acts the highest percentage of convic- 
tions on original charge were in the crimes against public order and 
decency — driving under the influence, drunk, disorderly conduct and 
vagrancy. Acquittals and dismissals continued high in narcotic drug 
law violations and gambling wdth 36 percent each. Dispositions of 
narcotic cases shoAv a rise in juvenile referrals from 3.3 percent in 
1963 to 4.6 percent in 1964. 

Arson and vandalism, added to the list of specific crime categories 
in 1964, were found to involve principally arrests of juveniles. In 
61 percent of the arson cases and 53 percent of the vandalism offenses, 
the offenders were referred to juvenile authorities. 

Careers in Crime 

This is the second year that material from a new statistical program 
has appeared in this publication. It is made possible by the coopera- 
tive exchange of criminal fingerprint data among local, state, and 
Federal law enforcement agencies. These law enforcement agencies 
submit to the Identification DiA^sion of the FBI criminal fingerprint 
cards on persons arrested. Submissions are not made uniformly by 
all law enforcement agencies on all charges. Generally, the practice 
is to submit a criminal fingerprint card on all serious offenses, felonies 
and certain misdemeanors. On the Federal leA^el, nearly all arrested 
persons are fingerprinted by the Federal investigative agencies, 
United States Marshals and the Bureau of Prisons. 

Through this positive means of identification the criminal history 
of an offender becomes known. It is limited to the degree, oj course, 
that the offender is detected, arrested and fingerprint cards submitted. 
At the present time the criminal history and other characteristics of 

•26 



offenders who are being handled in the Federal criminal administra- 
tion of justice are being stored in automatic data processing equip- 
ment. Each of the fingerprint files of these known offenders in the 
Identification Division is being ''flashed" which establishes a method 
of following up on these offenders as to future criminal involvement 
which can be added over time. These offenders are for the most 
part persons arrested on a Federal charge in 1963 and 1964, parolees, 
probationers or persons who have violated the latter leniency, a 
number of serious state violators under the Fugitive Felon Act, and 
about 21 percent were local violators. Excluded from this were 
military criminal fingerprint submissions and chronic arrests for 
immigration violations. The analysis that follows is limited to an 
examination of the prior criminal activity of those offenders on whom 
fingerprint cards were received in 1963 and 1964. Follow-up infor- 
mation on these offenders subsequent to the above period will be 
available in future publications over a more meaningful period of 
time. 

For the 92,869 offenders processed in 1963 and 1964, 76 percent 
were repeaters; that is, they had a prior arrest on some charge. The 
remainder, 24 percent, were arrested for the first time on a charge in 
1963 or 1964. Leniency in the form of probation, suspended sentence, 
parole and conditional release had been afforded to 51 percent of the 
offenders. After first leniency this group averaged more than 3 new 
arrests. 

A percent distribution of these 92,869 offenders by age, sex and 
race in 1964 is set forth below: 



Age group (1964) 


Number 


Percent 


Male 


Female 


White 


Nonwhlte 


Under 20 


4,950 
18,839 
17, 396 
26, 023 
15, 795 

9,866 


5.3 
20.3 
18.7 
28.0 
17.0 
10.6 


Percent 
95.8 
93.1 
92.3 
92.9 
93.8 
95.5 


Percent 
4.2 
6.9 
7.7 
7.1 
6.2 
4.5 


Percent 
75.4 
76.8 
70.5 
67.6 
70.6 
72.8 


Percent 
24.6 


20-24 


23.2 


25-29 


29.5 


30-39- 


32.4 


49-49 - 


29.4 


50 and over _ - 


27.2 






Total 


92, 869 


99.9 


93.4 


6.6 


71.5 


28.5 



The proportion of persons under 20, namely 5 percent, is low in com- 
parison to the average local experience because of the rather general 
practice not to submit fingerprints on juveniles and the fact that 
fewer young people become involved in Federal offenses. The older 
age group percentages generally fit local arrest experience. This is 
more pronounced when arrests for drunkenness and related offenses 
are removed from local police data because criminal fingerprint cards 
for these offenses are not generally submitted to the FBI by local 
police agencies. 

Examining the past criminal careers of the off'enders whose records 
were processed in 1963 and 1964, the following analysis is of interest. 

27 





Age group (1964) 


Percent 




One arrest 


2 or more 
arrests 


Under 20 . 


53 
31 
21 
19 
20 
21 


47 


20-24 - - --- 


69 


25-29 - 


79 


30-39 


81 


40-49 - - - - __-.--. 


80 


50 and over 


79 








Total . 


24 


76 







The above analysis provides an indication of the extent to which 
criminal repeaters contribute to the total crime problem. Keep in 
mind while the last charges which brought the offenders into the 
analysis were 79 percent Federal and 21 percent local, the nature of 
the Federal offenses are by and large local in character; that is, robbery, 
theft, burglary, etc. With the exception of a few unusual offenses 
the criminality involved in local and Federal violations is similar. 

Of the almost 434,000 charges accumulated by these offenders 
over a period of 10 years, 74 percent were for local crimes and 26 
percent Federal charges. The total charges when broken down by 
type of crime were 43 percent offenses against property; 11 percent 
violent crimes; 16 percent vice; 24 percent offenses against public 
order, such as disorderly conduct, drunkenness, vagrancy, etc.; and 
7 percent parole, probation violation, escape, etc. 

The high proportion of criminal repeaters by age groups, particularly 
above 25 years of age, is due in part to released parolees from Federal 
prisons and fugitive felon offenders who make up about 17 percent 
of the total 92,869 offenders. These types are more apt to have at 
least 2 criminal charges than the average offender. The above table 
and others that follow nonetheless demonstrate that our criminal 
population is much smaller than total annual crime counts and arrest 
data suggest since there is an extremely high percentage of oft'enders 
who repeat criminal acts over a wide range of years. 

For the criminal repeaters, those with 2 or more arrests, the average 
criminal career (span of A^ears between first and latest charge) was 
10 years during which period they averaged 5 arrests for different 
criminal acts. An analysis of the criminal careers and average charges 
by age group in 1964 is set forth below. 



Age group (1964) 


Percent 
first arrest 
under 20 


Average 

age first 

arrest 


Average 

criminal 

career in 

years 


Average 
number 
of charges 


Under 20. 




16M 

19 

21 

24 

29 

3532 


13^ 
3 
6 
10>-^ 

mi 

23 


3 


20-24 . 


62 
41 
30 
22 
10 


4 


25-29 


5 


30-39 


7 


40-49. 


8 


50 and over . . . . 


7 






Total 


34 


24 


10 


5 



28 



The average criminal career above and the average number of ar- 
rests for these repeaters disclose the high volume of offenses being 
committed by a relatively small criminal population. The intensit}^ 
of this criminal activity is highest in the younger age groups. This 
activity declines with increasing age due to a number of factors 
including longer time served in prison sentences. 

The average age at first arrest and the percent first arrested under 
the age of 20 indicate some dropout of the young offender with in- 
creasing age and the beginning of criminal activity for some offenders 
at a later age. The oldest age groups in this analysis will be influenced 
by the fact that criminal fingerprint card submissions were not as 
consistently received from police agencies 30 years ago. It should be 
noted again that criminal fingerprint submissions on juvenile offenders 
will also be incomplete. 

The analysis concerning specific types of offenders is identical with 
the material published last year. For the murder or serious assault 
offender, 19 percent repeated these crimes. For robbery, 25 percent 
repeated; burglary, 36 percent; auto theft, 33 percent; gambling, 38 
percent; bogus checks, 38 percent; and 49 percent of the narcotic 
offenders repeated in this offense. 

A review of the Crime Index or serious charges accumulated by 
these offenders over the years reveals that for the murder offender 49 
percent were violent crimes and 51 percent crimes against property; 
the robber 42 percent violent and 58 percent property; the burglar 
85 percent property crimes and the auto thief similarly 88 percent 
property offenses. Offenders in the last two categories are generally 
younger than the average robber or murderer. Bogus check of- 
fenders' criminal activity was 83 percent property crimes and 17 
percent violent offenses. For the gambler two-thirds of the charges 
were property crimes and 33 percent violent crimes. The narcotic 
offenders, although engaged primarily in property crimes 74 percent, 
also committed violent crimes 26 percent, most of which were robbery. 

The mobility of these offenders during their criminal careers is 
shown below on a state basis. Of course, this factor of mobility 
would be higher if based on police jurisdictions within a state and 
particularly in metropolitan areas. The mobility of the under 20 age 
group though comparatively lower in relation to the older age groups 
is influenced upward by the interstate character of Federal crimes, 
particularly auto theft. 



Age group (1964) 


Percent 

arrested 

in 1 state 


Percent 

arrested 

in 2 states 


Percent ar- 
rested 3 or 
more states 


Under 20 _ . . 


74.9 

58.7 
52.2 
48.6 
49.2 
55.4 


21.7 

28.7 
26.4 
25.0 
22.2 
21.7 


3.4 


20-24 


12.6 


25-29 


21.4 


30-39 . - 


26.5 


40-49 


28.6 


50 and over. _. ,.. .. _ - _- 


23.0 


Total 


53.5 


25.0 


21.5 



29 



Murder Offender 

The criminal careers of 1,574 offenders who were arrested for murder 
at some stage in their careers have been reviewed. These persons 
who are still criminally active accumulated a total of 1,644 murder 
charges during the period 1915 through 1964, These charges are 
distributed in time as follows: 

Charges Percent 

1915-1939 182 11 

1940-1949 338 21 

1950-1959 527 32 

1960-1964 597 36 

A distribution b}' age in 1964 for these offenders disclosed that 2 
percent were under 20 years of age, 21 percent were in the 20's, 29 
percent in the 30 's and 48 percent were over the age of 40. The 
records also revealed that 93 percent were male, 7 percent female and 
by race 49 percent were white, 46 percent Negro and the remaining 
5 percent were of other races. 

Of the 1,574 offenders, 63 or 4 percent had more than one murder 
charge. All criminal charges accumulated by the 1,574 persons were 
83 percent local in nature; however, 39 percent of all charges were 
Crime Index offenses. 

The average criminal career, the time between the first and latest 
known arrest, was 16 years 4 months with an average of 7.5 arrests for 
any criminal violation. 

A study of the mobility of these offenders revealed that 42 percent 
were arrested in only one state; however, 31 percent were arrested for 
criminal acts in two states and 27 percent in three or more states. In 
other words, 58 percent of the 1,574 persons have been charged in two 
or more states for various criminal violations. 

A review of the records of 265 oft'enders who were known to have 
been released on parole disclosed these parolees on the average were 
223^ years of age when first arrested on any criminal charge; 26 years 
8 months when arrested and charged with murder and in 1964 had an 
average age of 43 years. 

After parole the 265 offenders as of 1964 had committed 737 addi- 
tional offenses or an average of 2.8 charges for each parolee. Of these 
oft'enses 25 percent were for serious or Crime Index offenses. Twelve 
of the 265 parolees or 4.5 percent were again charged with having 
committed another murder. As a matter of interest, 105 or 40 percent 
of the 265 parolees were first offenders when they were initially charged 
with murder. 

Bank Robber 

The following study is based on 868 offenders who were arrested 
and charged with bank robbery during calendar years 1963 and 1964. 

30 



The age distribution for these offenders when arrested for bank robbery 
is shown below: 

Percent 

Under 20 5 

20-24 21 

25-29 25 

30-39 30 

40-49 12 

50 and over 7 

According to the data 95 percent of the offenders were male, 5 
percent female; and by race 82 percent white, 18 percent Negro. The 
average age of the bank robber was 31 while the average age at first 
arrest on any charge was 23. 

Of the 868 bank robbers, 78 percent had been arrested for other 
criminal offenses prior to their arrest and charge for bank robbery. 
The initial charges for these persons were 92 percent local in nature 
with the remaining 8 percent Federal offenses being predominantly 
desertion from the arnied forces. The initial local charges in order of 
frequency were burglary, larceny, local robbery and auto theft. Bank 
robbery was the first criminal offense for 22 percent or 195 of the 
868 persons. 

The average criminal career for the bank robber, i.e., the span of 
time between his first and latest known criminal charge, was 10 years 
6 months. During this period the robber averaged 5 arrests. Local 
criminal charges accounted for 94 percent of these arrests and almost 
half of them were serious crimes against the person or property. 
Burglary was the most common of these offenses. 

Only 3 percent or 25 of the 868 offenders had two or more charges 
of bank robbery. However, 29 percent or 249 had been arrested and 
charged with local robberies prior to the commission of the bank 
robbery. The relatively low number of persons repeating the crime 
of bank robbery is undoubtedly influenced by the high conviction rate 
and the prison sentences meted out by the courts. Over 90 percent 
of the convicted offenders are sentenced to prison terms. On the 
average the period of sentence is 11 years of which an average of five 
years is served prior to release on parole or otherwise. 

In regard to mobility, 51 percent of the bank robbers were arrested 
in only one state during the course of their criminal career while 26 
percent were arrested in two states and the remaining 23 percent in 
three or more states. This shows that almost half of the bank robbers 
utilize a high degree of mobility and commensurate therewith increase 
the difficulties of law enforcement in effecting solutions of these 
offenses. 

31 



Fugitive Felons 

Under the Fugitive Felon Act FBI assistance is available to local 
and state law enforcement agencies when a local felon resorts to 
unlawful interstate flight to avoid prosecution, custody, confinement 
or to avoid testimony. 

An analysis of 5,294 persons arrested or upon whom process was 
issued under this Act during 1963 and 1964 discloses some interesting 
facts. Ninety-six percent of these felons w^ere males. A distribution 
by race indicates that over 82 percent were white, ^¥llen viewed by 
age groups, 38 percent of these offenders were in their 20's and 36 
percent between 30 and 39. The under 20 age group was low, 
amounting to slightly less than 2 percent. 

On the average, the criminal careers of these felons extended almost 
12 years. Over this period of time these offenders averaged 7 arrests. 
Five percent, or 263, had prior fugitive felon warrants issued for their 
location and apprehension. 

The mobility of these offenders is revealing. Over 46 percent were 
arrested in three or more states during their 12-year criminal careers. 
Twenty-nine percent were arrested in two states and the remainder 
confined their criminal activity to one state. 

During their criminal careers these 5,294 offenders accumulated a 
total of 13,076 arrests for the more serious or Crime Index offenses 
for an average of a little over 2 each. Wlien the 36,240 total charges 
are considered the property crimes appear high, amounting to 15,274 
or a little more than 42 percent of these charges. The violent crimes 
against the person, namely, murder, forcible rape, robbery and 
felonious assault, made up approximately 11 percent of the total 
charges, or 4,089 offenses. 

Keeping in mind that criminal fingerprint card data does not present 
a complete picture of the criminal acts committed by a group of 
offenders, the above analysis does indicate the extent to which these 
felons contribute to the crime problem over the years. 

Further analysis of the data available in this statistical program is 
being developed and will appear in this and other law enforcement 
publications. 

Police Employee Data 

In later sections of this publication tables are provided containing 
information on average police strength for cities by geographic division 
and population group, percent civilian employees, police officers killed 
and assaulted in the line of duty and individual city listings showing 
police employee strength for places with over 2,500 population which 
made their figures available. 

The national police employee rate for all cities in 1964 remained 
at the same level as in 1963; namely, 1.9 police employees per 1,000 

32 



population. Many departments are below this average since, when 
arrayed, the midpoint in police employee strength falls at 1.4 per 1,000 
population. Although the number of persons employed in state and 
local police protection increased substantially during 1964, the 
ratio of police to population discloses this increase in police employ- 
ment is enabling law enforcement to barely maintain its relative 
strength. This ratio has remained virtually unchanged since 1958 
despite an incidence of crime and other demands for police service 
which have continued to increase at a rapid pace. In this era of 
rapidly shifting populations and mushrooming suburban growth, 
frequent evaluations of personnel requirements are mandatory for all 
communities if they are to have the necessary police protection. 

The suburbs, which had the sharpest increases in crime during the 
past several years, are well below the average for all cities with respect 
to police strength. Nationally, these communities located in the 
metropolitan areas had a police employee rate of 1.3 per 1,000 popula- 
tion and displayed a wide range from .1 to 9.3. 

For sheriffs' departments the average police employee rate is less 
than one (.9) police employee per 1,000 inhabitants and, again, there 
is a wide rate range from .1 to 8.5. This rate includes both sworn and 
civilian personnel of these departments. It must be recognized that 
the law enforcement responsibilities of these agencies differ consider- 
ably in various sections of the United States. In some jurisdictions, 
for example, the sheriff's activity is limited in large part to civil 
functions. The departments used in computing this rate, however, 
are all engaged in full-scale police activity and are responsible for all 
phases of law enforcement in their jurisdictions. In using this rate, 
caution must be exercised because of the variations in the nature and 
extent of the duties performed by sheriffs' offices. 

It is noted the percentage of civilian employees being used by law 
enforcement agencies increased during 1964 in both city departments, 
from 9.9 percent to 10.4 percent and in sheriffs' departments, 10.4 to 
11.6. The ratio in suburban agencies remained unchanged at 10 
percent. This may be indicative of a desirable trend toward employ- 
ing civilians for certain nonpolice functions to release sworn officers 
for patrol and enforcement duties. 

The figures on average police strength and rate ranges as set forth 
in Table 42 are supplied as a guide and must not be interpreted as 
desirable or recommended police strength. Careful analysis of the 
varied factors which contribute to the need for police service in a 
given community is essential in order to determine adequate manpower 
requirements. 

In 1964 the number of law enforcement officers murdered in the 
line of duty reached a new high with 57 killings reported by local and 
state agencies. These deaths bring the total of such murders to 225 

33 



for the five-year period 1960-64. In addition to those murdered by 
felons, 31 additional law enforcement officers died in accidents in 1964 
while on official duty. 

An analysis of the type of activity in which the 225 officers were en- 
siaged at the time of their deaths, discloses that 28 percent were mak- 
ing arrests or transporting prisoners, 23 percent were slain investi- 
gating robberies in progress or pursuing robbery suspects and 20 
percent died responding to so-called "disturbance" calls, such as 
family disputes, man with gun complaints, etc. Interrupting bur- 
glaries in progress or pursuing burglary suspects and investigating 
suspicious persons or circumstances each accounted for 12 percent of 
the deaths. The remaining five percent of the killings were com- 
mitted by mentally deranged or disturbed individuals who gave no 
warning in making their unprovoked attacks on the officers. 

A significant point emerging from the analysis of police murdered 
during 1964 relates to the number of multiple killings — those single 
incidents where two or more officers from the same department were 
killed simultaneously. There were 5 such occasions in 1964 account- 
ing for the deaths of 11 officers compared to a total of 7 double killings 
in the four preceding years. This year also witnessed the first incident 
since 1960 where a female was charged with the actual murder of a 
police officer. 

All but three of the 57 ofl&cers slain in 1964 were victims of firearms. 
Since 1960, 96 percent of all police murders have been committed w^ith 
rifles, shotguns or handguns with the latter predominating, having 
been used in 79 percent of all police murders. Policemen who were 
murdered had a median of 6 years of service as law enforcement 
officers; 9 percent had been emplo3^ed in this capacity for 1 year or 
less, and 34 percent had 10 or more years of police service. 

In further analyzing police activity with relation to officers killed it 
is noted that 149 of the 225 men were engaged in car patrol, 20 were 
on foot patrol, 39 were detectives or were officers working on a special 
assignment and 17 were technically off duty but who interceded in an 
effort to prevent the commission of a crime. More than one officer 
was at the scene to give assistance in 128 of the fatal incidents while 
97 officers were operating by themselves. 

The analysis presented last year regarding police deaths in cities 
where department policy is known with respect to the use of one-man 
patrol cars, two-man cars and combinations of these, has been updated 
to include 1964 figures. There have been 77 police killed during the 
five-year period 1960-1964 in 62 cities where the aforementioned 
policy is known. Figures disclose that 40 (52 percent) of the officers 
killed were working in two-man cars and 37 (48 percent) in one-man 
cars. The officers operating the one-man cars, however, were receiv- 
ing assistance from fellow officers at the scene of the crime in 21 

34 



POLICE KILLED BY FELONS 

BY TYPE OF POLICE ACTIVITY 
1960--1964 



RESPONDING TO "DISTURBANCE" CALLS 
(Family quarrels, man with gun, etc.) 



BURGLARIES IN PROGRESS, OR 
PURSUING BURGLARY SUSPECT 



ROBBERIES IN PROGRESS, OR PURSUING 
ROBBERY SUSPECTS 



ATTEMPTING OTHER ARRESTS AND 
TRANSPORTING PRISONERS 



INVESTIGATING SUSPICIOUS PERSONS 
AND CIRCUMSTANCES 



BERSERK OR DERANGED PERSON 
(No warning - unprovoked attack) 



45 
20% 



28 

12% 



51 
23% 



62 

28% 



28 

12% 



II 

5% 



225 POLICE KILLED 

INCLUDES CITY, COUNTY, AND STATE POLICE 



FBI CHART 



Chart 8 



of the incidents. Thus, of the 77 deaths the officers were being- 
aided at the scene in 79 percent of the cases and were unaccompanied 
at the scene in 21 percent of the cases. Cities with combinations of 
1 and 2-man cars reported 31 deaths of officers in 2-man car operations 
and 22 where 1-man cars were being employed. 

It has been ascertained that in 1963, the most recent year for which 
figures are available, there was a slight trend away from exclusive 
use of either 1- or 2-man cars and toward more flexibility. As a 
result, in 1963 there was a slight increase in the number of cities using 
combinations of 1- and 2-man cars. It can be assumed that this 
trend continued in 1964. 

During the period of 5 years 294 persons were involved in the 225 
police murders. Of this number, 249 were arrested, 33 were killed 
justifiably by police at the time of or shortly after the incident, 
10 committed suicide, 1 died a natural death and 1 drowned before 
being taken into custody. 

The criminal histories of these persons disclose 78 percent had 
prior records of arrest and more than half of this group had previous 
arrests on assaultive- type crimes; such as rape, robbery, assault 
with a deadly weapon, assault to kill and assault on a police officer. 
There were, in fact, 6 officers murdered by men who had been con- 



35 



victed on earlier murder charges and later released on parole. Further, 
there were 7 officers murdered by persons who had been convicted 
and later paroled on charges of assault to kill. Convictions had been 
recorded for 70 percent of the 294 responsible persons on some criminal 
charge and one-half had received some form of prior leniency during 
their criminal careers. Almost one-third of the killers were on parole 
or probation when they murdered the police officer. 

A more detailed analysis discloses 101 individuals benefited from 
parole on 150 occasions. More than 25 percent of these persons had 
been paroled on two or more occasions after convictions on different 
charges. The table below clearly shows that killers o f police officers 
had received frequent leniency in the form of parole from charges of 
robbery, burglar}' and grand tlieft. In fact, one-third of all paroles 
were granted to robbers, 23 percent to burglars and 19 percent to 
other thieves. These figures do not include other types of leniency 
such as probation, suspended sentences, commutation of sentence, 
etc., which these persons may have been granted during their criminal 
careers. 



Charge 


Persons 
paroled 


Paroles on 
specific 
charges 


Percent of 

total 

paroles 




6 
31 

7 
24 
16 

7 
10 


7 
49 

8 
35 
29 

9 
13 


5 


Robbery - - 


33 




5 


Burglary 


23 


Grand theft 


19 




6 


All other 


9 






Total - -- -- ----- 


101 


150 


100 







There were 14 persons under age 18 arrested for their participation 
in these police killings and 98, or 39 percent were under 25 years of 
age. 

Nationally, the assault rate in 1964 was 10 per 100 officers and 
4.3 suffered personal injury. Law enforcement officers in the South 
Atlantic States had the highest overall assault rate of 17.3 per 100 
followed by the West South Central States with 11.9, the Pacific 
States 10.9 and the Mountain States 10.5, all of which were above 
the national rate of 10. The East North Central States had the 
lowest rate with 6.8 assaults per 100 policemen. An analysis of 
assaults on law enforcement officers by geographic division and pop- 
ulation group is set forth in Table 45. 



36 



POLICE EMPLOYEE DATA 

AVERAGE NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, AND 
RANGE IN NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES, PER 1,000 INHABITANTS 

BY POPULATION GROUPS, DECEMBER 31, 1964 







9.3 






K^r*^H 




5.1 




iisiiii 

AV, 
\A 

ji 






4.0 






AV. 
\A 

.1 








AV. 
2.6 

1,1 


3.7 

f ■'■■| 


3.5 










2.8 




AV. 
1.5^ 

.5 




AV. 

1.4 










AV. 

1.7 








$1 














1 














ALL 
CITIES 


CITIES CITIES CITIES CITIES CITIES CITIES 
OVER 100,000 50,000 25,000 10,000 LESS 
250,000 TO TO TO TO THAN 
250,000 100,000 50,000 25,000 10,000 



FBI CHART 



Chart 9 



37 



777-528°— 65- 




A0 a Earn lEttfnrrf m? nt (0ff tr^r, «.;, fundament J J,.i.^ h to 

ierue manhincl; to dafeauard lived ana propertu; to protect tne innocent aaainit 
deception, tne weak aaainst oppression or intimidation, and tne peacehut 
aaainst violence or disorder-, and to respect tne (constitutional riakts o^ all 
men to lioerlu, equalitu and Justice. 

11 tUtii Keep mu private life unsullied as an example to all; maintain coura- 
aeouS calm in tne face of danger, scorn, or ridicule; develop Self-restraint; and 
be constanttu mindful of the weij-are of- others, ^rtonest in tnou^nt and deed 
in both mu personal and official life, ^ wilt be exemplary in ot>ei^in^ the taws 
Of the tand and the reaulationS of mu department. lAJhatever ^ see or hear of- 
a confidential nature or that is conj-ided to me in m^ off iciai capacity witl be 
hept ever Secret unless revelation is necessaru in tne performance of mu dutu. 

11 iUXli never act officioustu or permit personal feelinas, prejudices, animos- 
ities or friendsnipS to influence tnu decisions. lA/itn no coi-npromise for crime 
and witn relentless prosecution of criminals, ^ witl enforce the law courteouSlu 
and appropriatelu without tear or favor, matice or ill wilt, never emplouina 
unneceSSaru force or violence and never accepting ^ratuitiei. 

II l*^rO]^tttHi^ the badg.e of m^ office as a symbol of public faith, and 
^ accept it as a public trust to be held so lona as ^ am true to the ethics of 
the police Service. ^ witl constanttu strive to achieve these objectives and idealSy 
dedicatina. musetf before L^od to mu chosen profession . . . law enforcement. 



38 



Introduction 

Background 

The Uniform Crime Reporting Program is the outgrowth of a need 
for a national and uniform compihition of j^olice statistics. This 
need was expressed by hiw enforcement executives many years ago. 
In 1930, crime reports were solicited from police departments through- 
out the Nation based on uniform classifications and procedures 
developed by the Committee on Uniform Crime Records of the 
International Association of Chiefs of Police (lACP). In that year 
the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), on request of the above 
organization, assumed the role as the national clearinghouse. 

The Committee on Uniform Crime Records, lACP, continues to 
serve in an advisory capacity to the FBI in the operation of this 
Program. The assistance of the Committee is especially valuable in 
actively promoting the quality of the reports supplied by the cooperat- 
ing law enforcement agencies. In this connection, the Field Service 
Division of the lACP is also playing an active and effective part in 
quality control through surveys of police record and crime reporting 
systems. Dr. Peter P. Lejins, Professor, Department of Sociology, 
University of Maryland, continues as a consultant to the FBI in the 
conduct of this Program. 

The Committee on Uniform Crime Records convened for its spring 
meeting in Washington, D.C., in April 1965. Briefly, the Committee 
approved a more refined collection of robbery by type, a revision 
in the larceny classification, and a special nationwide survey on sex 
oflPenses and restated its position with regard to the definition of auto 
theft and the format utilized in the publication of crime statistics. 
They noted that the crime reporting program is made possible by the 
voluntary cooperation of thousands of law enforcement agencies which 
submit reports to the FBI. Historically, the purpose of the Program 
has been to measure the nature and extent of police activity as it 
relates to crime. The Committee wholeheartedly reaffirmed this 
objective. 

Committees on Uniform Crime Reporting within state law enforce- 
ment associations continue to be active in promoting greater interest 
in Uniform Crime Reporting, in fostering more widespread use of 
uniform crime statistics, in encouraging new contributors, and in 
lending assistance to current contributors when the need arises. 

39 



Objectives 

The fundamental objective of this Program is to produce a reliable 
fund of nationwide criminal statistics for administrative and opera- 
tional use of law enforcement agencies and executives. At the same 
time, meaningful data is provided for other professionals with related 
interests in the crime problem and for scholars, as well as to inform 
the public of general crime conditions. 

Specifically, the means utilized to attain these goals are: (1) an 
attempt is made to measure the extent, fluctuation and distribution 
of serious crime in the United States through the use of a Crime 
Index consisting of seven selected offenses. This count is based on 
these seven offenses being reported to the police or coming directly to 
their attention. (2) The total volume of all types of criminal offenses 
is compiled as they become known by police arrests. (3) Since the 
above are also measures of law enforcement activity, related data is 
collected to demonstrate effectiveness of enforcement activities, 
available police strength and significant factors involved in crime. 

In furtherance of these objectives, substantial revisions were made 
in the Program effective 1/1/64. The changes did not alter definitions 
or the basic method of collection but have provided greater detail on 
the nature of certain crime classifications and characteristics of the 
age, sex and race of persons arrested. These revisions have also 
provided in some respects a clearer understanding of the types of 
criminal acts that fall within these broad crime classifications. 

Reporting Procedure 

Under this national voluntary system each contributing law en- 
forcement agency is wholly responsible for compiling its own crime 
reports for submission to the FBI. Each contributor is supplied with 
the Uniform Crime Reporting Handbook which outlines in detail pro- 
cedures for scoring and classifying offenses. The Handbook illus- 
trates and discusses the monthl}^ and annual reporting forms, as well 
as the numerous tally sheets made available to facilitate the periodic 
tabulation of the desired data. 

The publication of the Uniform Crime Reporting ^'Newsletter," 
which was initiated in October, 1963, has continued with issues being 
published when pertinent. This ''Newsletter" is utilized to explain 
revisions in the Program as well as to present information and instruc- 
tional material to assist contributors. 

Recognizing that a sound records system is necessary if crime re- 
porting is to meet desirable standards, the FBI furnishes a Manual 
of Police Records to law enforcement agencies upon request. Special 
Agents of the FBI are widely utilized to encourage new contributors 
and to assist them by explaining the procedures and definitions nec- 
essary under this uniform system. 

40 



On a monthly basis, city police, sheriffs and state police report the 
number of offenses that become known to them in the following crime 
categories: criminal homicide, forcible rape, robbery, assault, burglary, 
larceny, and auto theft. This count is taken from a record of all 
complaints of crimes received by the police from victims or other 
sources or discovered by the police in their own operations. Com- 
plaints determined by police investigation to be unfounded are elimi- 
nated from this count. The number of ' 'offenses known" in these 
crime categories is reported to the FBI without regard to whether 
anyone is arrested, stolen property is recovered, local prosecutive 
policy, or any other consideration. Police agencies report on a 
monthly basis the total number of these crimes which they clear by 
arrest and, separately, the crimes cleared by the arrest of persons 
under 18 years of age. Police additionally report certain other 
analytical data pertaining to specific crime categories, including total 
arrests made for the month for all criminal acts separated as to adults 
and juveniles. 

In annual reports, ''offenses known" data and clearances by arrest 
are summarized by the contributors. Annual forms provide a report 
of persons arrested for all criminal offenses with respect to age, sex 
and race of the offender, as well as an accounting of the number of 
persons formally charged and their disposition. Police employee data 
are collected annually, including the number of police killed and 
assaulted. 

Reporting Area 

During the calendar year 1964, crime reports were received from 
law enforcement agencies representing 97 percent of the total United 
States population living in standard metropolitan statistical areas, 
89 percent of the population in other cities, and 75 percent of the 
rural population. The combined coverage accounts for 92 percent 
of the national population. 

Presentation of crime data by areas as used in this publication 
follows as closely as practical the definitions used by Bureaus of the 
Budget and Census; namely, standard metropolitan statistical areas, 
other cities and rural areas. In addition, statistics are presented in 
certain tables relative to "suburban'' areas. A suburban area consists 
of cities with 50,000 or less population together with counties which 
lie within a standard metropolitan statistical area. In this use of 
suburban the core city experience is, of course, excluded. The sub- 
urban area concept is used because of the peculiar crime conditions 
which exist in these communities surrounding the major core cities. 
These metropolitan areas are not rural in nature, yet neither are they 
comparable to large cities although they have many of the problems 
identified with the latter. 

41 



Standard metrojjolitan statistical areas are generally made up of an 
entire county or counties having at least one core city of 50,000 or 
more inhabitants, with the whole meeting the requirements of certain 
metropolitan characteristics. In New England, ^'town" instead of 
''county" is used to describe standard metropolitan statistical areas. 
These towns do not coincide generally with established crime re- 
porting units; therefore, metropolitan state economic areas in New 
England are used in this area tabulation since they encompass an 
entire county or counties. Standard metropolitan statistical areas 
make up an estimated 66.2 percent of the total United States 
population. 

Other cities are urban places outside standard metropolitan statis- 
tical areas. Most of these places of 2,500 or more inhabitants are 
incorporated and comprise 12.8 percent of the 1964 estimated popula- 
tion. Rural areas are made up of the unincorporated portion of 
counties outside of urban places and standard metropolitan statistical 
areas and represent 21.0 percent of our national population. Through- 
out this Program, sheriffs, county police and many state police re- 
port on crimes committed within the limits of the county but outside 
cities, while police report on crimes committed within the city limits 
(urban places). 

Verification Processes 

Uniformity of crime data collected under this Program is of primary 
concern to the FBI as the national clearinghouse. With the receipt 
of reports covering approximately 8,000 jurisdictions, prepared on a 
voluntary basis, the problems of attaining uniformity are readily 
apparent. Issuance of instructions does not complete the role of the 
FBI. On the contrary, it is standard operating procedure to examine 
each incoming report not only for arithmetical accuracy but also, 
and possibly of even more importance, for reasonableness as a possible 
indication of errors. 

Variations in the level and ratios among the crime classes established 
by previous reports of each agency are used as a measure of possible or 
probable incompleteness or changes in reporting policy. Necessary 
arithmetical adjustments or unusual variations are brought to the 
attention of the submitting agency by correspondence. During 1964 
19,323 letters were addressed to contributors primarily as a 
result of verification and evaluation processes. Correspondence 
wdth contributors is the principal tool for siiper\dsion of quality. Not 
only are the individual reports studied, but also periodic trends for 
individual reporting units are prepared, as are crime rates in descending 
order for all units grouped for general comparability to assist in detect- 
ing variations and fluctuations possibly due to some reason other than 
chance. For the most part, the problem is one of keeping the con- 

42 



tribiitors informed of the type information necessary to the success of 
this Program. 

For example, the subdivision in 1964 of forcible rape, and 
particularly aggravated assault by type of weapon used, and the 
inclusion of simple assault as a Part I offense resulted in improved 
reporting of this crime category. Considerable correspondence 
with contributors was necessary to verify entries and identify 
cluing es in reporting practices in order to eliminate noncomparable 
data from Crime Index tabulations. 

The elimination of duplication of crime reporting by the various 
agencies is given constant attention. In addition to detailed instruc- 
tions as to the limits of reporting jurisdictions between sheriffs and 
police in urban places, lists of urban places by county are furnished to 
sheriffs, county police, and in some instances state police organizations. 

Uniform Crime Reporting has been taught to all law enforcement 
officers attending the FBI National Academy. The Academy was 
established in 1935, and there are 2,910 graduates who are still in law 
enforcement, over 28 percent of whom are the executive heads of 
law enforcement agencies. The FBI also presents this subject to 
regional police schools throughout the country. 

Contacts by Special Agents of the FBI are utilized to enlist the 
cooperation of new contributors and to explain the purpose of this Pro- 
gram and the methods of assembling information for reporting. When 
correspondence, including specially designed questionnaires, fails. 
Special Agents may be directed to visit the contributor to affirmatively 
resolve the misunderstanding. 

Variations from the desired reporting standards which cannot be 
resolved by the steps indicated above are brought to the attention of 
the Committee on Uniform Crime Records of the lACP. The Com- 
mittee may designate a representative to make a personal visit to the 
local department to assist in the needed revision of records and 
reporting methods. 

It is clear, of course, that regardless of the extent of the statistical 
verification processes used by the FBI, the accuracy of the data as- 
sembled under this Program depends upon the degree of sincere effort 
exerted by each contributor to meet the necessary standards of 
reporting and, for this reason, the FBI is not in a position to vouch 
for the validity of the reports received. 

The Crime Totals 

Communities not represented by crime reports are relatively few, 
as discussed previously and as shown by an examination of the tables 
which follow presenting 1964 crime totals for the Index of Crime classi- 
fications. The FBI conducts a continuing program to further reduce 
the unreported areas. 

43 



Within each of the three areas — standard metropoHtan statistical, 
other urban, and rural — it is assumed that the unreported portion 
had the same proportionate crime experience as that for which re- 
ports were received. In lieu of figures for the entire year from those 
agencies, reports for as many as 9 months were accepted as sufficiently 
representative on which to base estimates for the year. Estimates 
for unreported areas are based on the reported crime experience of 
similar areas within each state. Certain refinements are made of 
this basic estimating procedure as the need arises. 

Crime Trends 

Crime data for trends are homogeneous to the extent that figures 
from identical reporting units are used for each of the periods tabu- 
lated. Exclusions are made when figures from a reporting unit are 
obviously inaccurate for any period or when it is ascertained that 
unusual fluctuations are due to such variables as improved record 
procedures and not to chance. 

As a matter of standard procedure, crime trends for individual places 
are analyzed by the FBI five times a year. Any significant increase 
or decrease is made the subject of a special inquir}^ with the contrib- 
uting agency. Whenever it is found that crime reporting procedures 
are responsible for the dift'erence in level of crime, the figures for 
specific crime categories or totals are excluded from the trend tabu- 
lations. On the other hand, crime rate tables by state and standard 
metropolitan statistical area contain the most reliable reports available 
for the current year, and care should be exercised in an}^ direct com- 
parisons with prior issues. Changes in crime level may have been 
due in part to improved reporting or records procedures rather than 
to chance. 

Population Data 

In computing crime rates by state, geographic division, and the 
Nation as a whole, population estimates released by the Bureau of 
the Census on August 31, 1964, were used. Population estimates 
for individual cities and counties were prepared by using Special 
Census Reports, state sources and estimates, commerical sources, 
and extrapolation where no other estimate was available. Complete 
1964 population estimates for individual cities and counties were 
used from 13 states while official sources in other states provided 
limited data which was used selectively. The estimated United 
States population increase in 1964 was 1.5 percent over 1963, according 
to figures published b}^ the Bureau of the Census. 

44 



Classification of Offenses 

A stumbling block to a uniform national crime reporting system in 
the United States results from variations in definitions of criminal 
violations among the states. This obstacle, insofar as uniformity of 
definitions is concerned, was removed by the adoption of an arbitrary 
set of crime classifications. To some extent the title of each classifica- 
tion connotes in a general way its content. However, in reading the 
explanation of each category, it is very important to keep in mind that 
because of the differences among the state codes there is no possibility 
in a system such as this to distinguish between crimes by designations 
such as ''felony" and ''misdemeanor." 

A continuing program is carried out to furnish contributors with 
timely supplemental instructions as the need arises in certain classifi- 
cations. These are aimed at the clarification of any misunderstand- 
ings which may arise and the redirection of attention to the proper 
application of classification procedures under this system. 

Brief definitions of crime classifications utilized in this Program are 
listed below : 

1. Criminal homicide. — (a) Murder and nonnegligent manslaugh- 
ter: all willful felonious homicides as distinguished from deaths 
caused by negligence. Excludes attempts to kill, assaults to kill, 
suicides, accidental deaths, or justifiable homicides. Justifiable 
homicides are limited to: (1) the killing of a person by a peace officer 
in line of duty; (2) the killing of a person in the act of committing a 
felony by a private citizen. (6) Manslaughter by negligence: any 
death which the police investigation establishes was primarily attribut- 
able to gross negligence of some individual other than the victim. 

2. Forcible rape. — Rape by force, assault to rape and attempted 
rape. Excludes statutory offenses (no force used — victim under 
age of consent). 

3. Robbery. — Stealing or taking anything of value from the person 
by force or violence or by putting in fear, such as strong-arm robbery, 
stickups, armed robbery, assault to rob, and attempt to rob. 

4. Aggravated assault. — Assault with intent to kill or for the pur- 
pose of inflicting severe bodily injury by shooting, cutting, stabbing, 
maiming, poisoning, scalding, or by the use of acids, explosives, or 
other means. Excludes simple assault, assault and battery, fighting, 
etc. 

5. Burglary — breaking or entering. — Burglary, housebreaking, 
safecracking, or any unlawful entry to commit a felony or a theft, 
even though no force was used to gain entrance and attempts. 
Burglary followed by larceny is not counted again as larceny. 

6. Larceny — theft (except auto theft). — (a) Fifty dollars and over 
m value; (6) under $50 in value. Thefts of bicycles, automobile ac- 
cessories, shoplifting, pocket-picking, or any stealing of property or 

45 



article of value which is not taken by force and violence or by fraud. 
Excludes embezzlement, "con" games, forgery, worthless checks, etc. 

7. Auto theft. — Stealing or driving away and abandoning a motor 
vehicle. Excludes taking for temporary use when actually returned 
by the taker or unauthorized use by those having lawful access to the 
vehicle. 

8. Other assaults. — Assaults and attempted assaults which are not 
of an aggravated nature. 

9. Arson. — Willful or malicious burning with or without intent to 
defraud. Includes attempts. 

10. Forgery and counterfeiting. — Making, altering, uttering or 
possessing, with intent to defraud, anything false which is made to 
appear true. Includes attempts. 

11. Fraud. — Fraudulent conversion and obtaining money or prop- 
erty by false pretenses. Includes bad checks except forgeries and 
counterfeiting. 

12. Embezzlement. — Misappropriation or misapplication of money 
or property entrusted to one's care, custody or control. 

13. Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing. — Buying, 
receiving, and possessing stolen property and attempts. 

14. Vandalism. — Willful or malicious destruction, injury, dis- 
figurement or defacement of property without consent of the owner 
or person having custody or control. 

15. Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. — All violations of regu- 
lations or statutes controlling the carrying, using, possessing, fur- 
nishing, and manufacturing of deadly weapons or silencers and 
attempts. 

16. Prostitution and commercialized vice. — Sex offenses of a 
commercialized nature and attempts, such as prostitution, keeping 
bawdy house, procuring, transporting, or detaining women for im- 
moral purposes. 

17. Sex offenses (except forcible rape, prostitution, and commer- 
cialized vice). — Statutory rape, offenses against chastity, common 
decency, morals, and the like. Includes attempts. 

18. Narcotic drug laws. — Offenses relating to narcotic drugs, such 
as unlawful possession, sale or use. Excludes Federal offenses. 

19. Gambling. — Promoting, permitting, or engaging in gambling. 

20. Offenses against the family and children. — Nonsupport, 
neglect, desertion, or abuse of family and children. 

21. Driving under the influence. — Driving or operating any 
motor vehicle while drunk or under the influence of liquor or narcotics. 

22. Liquor laws. — State or local liquor law violations, except 
''drunkenness" (class 23) and ''driving under the influence" (class 21). 
Excludes Federal violations. 

23. Drunkenness. — Drunkenness or intoxication. 

46 



24. Disorderly conduct. — Breach of the peace. 

25. Vagrancy. — ^Vagabondage, begging, loitering, etc. 

26. All other offenses. — All violations of state or local laws except 
classes 1-25. 

27. Suspicion. — Arrests for no specific offense and released without 
formal charges being placed. 

28. Curfew and loitering laws (juveniles). — Offenses relating to 
violation of local curfew or loitering ordinances where such laws exist. 

29. Runaway (juveniles). — Limited to juveniles taken into pro- 
tective custody under provisions of local statutes as runaways. 



47 



The Index of Crime, 1964 

In this section, tabulations are shown to indicate the probable 
extent, fluctuation and distribution of crime for the United States 
as a whole, geographic divisions, individual states and standard 
metropolitan statistical areas. The measure used is a Crime Index 
consisting of seven important offenses which are counted as they 
become known to the law enforcement agencies. Crime classifications 
used in the Index are: murder and nonnegiigent manslaughter, forc- 
ible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary — breaking or entering, 
larceny $50 and over, and auto theft. 

The total number of criminal acts that occur is unknown, but those 
that are reported to the police provide the first means of a count. 
Not all crimes come readily to the attention of the police; not all 
crimes are of sufficient importance to be significant in an index; and 
not all important crimes occur with enough regularity to be meaningful 
in an index. With these considerations in mind, the above crimes 
were selected as a group to furnish an abbreviated and convenient 
measure of the crime problem. 

It is important to remember in reviewing the tables in this section 
that the volume of crime in a state or standard metropolitan sta- 
tistical area is subject to the factors set forth on page xi. Estimates 
of current permanent population are used to construct crime rates. 
With our highly mobile population all communities, metropolitan 
areas and states are aft'ected to a greater or lesser degree b}^ the element 
of transient population. This factor is not accounted for in crime 
rates since no reliable estimates are available nationwide. 



48 



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49 



Table 2. — Index of Crime by Regions, 

[Number and rate per 100,000 



Area 



United States Total. 

Percent change ' 

Northeast 



Percent change. 
New England 



Percent chan§ 
Connecticut 



Maine 

Massachusetts.. - 
New Hampshire. 

Rhode Island 

Vermont 



Year 



1964 



1963 
1964 



1963 
1964 



Middle Atlantic. 



Percent change. 
New Jersey 



New York 

Pennsylvania. 

North Central 



Percent change 

East North Central. 

Percent change.. 
Illinois 



Indiana... 
Michigan.. 

Ohio 

Wisconsin. 



West North Central.. 

Percent change. 
Iowa 



Kansas 

Minnesota 

Missouri 

Nebraska 

North Dakota. 
South Dakota. 



South - 



Percent change. 
South Atlantic 3. . 



Percent change . 
Delaware 



1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 

1963 
1964 



1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 

1963 
1964 



1963 
1964 



1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 

1963 
1964 



1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 

1963 
1964 



1963 
1964 



1963 

I 1964 
See footnotes at end of table. 



Population 



Total offenses 



Number Rate per 
100, 000 



188,531,000 
191, 334, 000 



46,371,000 
47, 125, 000 



10, 769, 000 
11,070,000 



2, 666, 000 

2, 766, 000 

982. 000 

989, 000 

5, 218, 000 

5. 338, 000 

627, 000 

654, 000 

885, 000 

914, 000 

390. 000 

409, 000 



35, 603, 000 
36. 055. 000 



6, 470, 000 
6. 682, 000 
17, 708, 000 
17, 915, 000 
11, 424, 000 
11, 459, 000 



52, 890, 000 

53, 370, 000 



37, 226, 000 
37, 619. 000 



10, 182, 000 
10, 489, 000 
4, 694, 000 
4, 825, 000 
8, 116. 000 
8, 098, 000 
10, 173, 000 
10, 100, 000 
4, 061, 000 
4, 107, 000 



15, 664, 000 
15,751,000 



2, 780, 090 
2, 756, 000 
2, 225, 000 

2, 225, 000 

3, 500, 000 

3, 521, 000 

4, 328, 000 
4, 409, 000 
1,460,000 
1, 480, 000 

634, 000 
645, 000 
737, 000 
715, 000 



58, 217, 000 

59, 252, 000 



27, 705, 000 
28,311,000 



476, 000 
491,000 I 



2, 274, 991 

2, 604, 426 

+ 13.1 



513, 890 

586, 408 

+14.1 

107, 398 

129, 662 

+20.7 

25, 980 

30, 996 

5,360 

6,577 

59, 333 

73, 139 

3,330 

3, 571 

10, 789 

13,278 

2,606 

2,101 



406, 492 
456, 746 
+ 12.4 
79, 866 
91,006 
238, 974 
267, 927 
87, 652 
97, 813 



583, 200 
655, 005 

+12.3 
441,669 
489, 998 

+10.9 
166, 980 
178, 740 

51, 128 

56, 053 
109, 450 
124. 034 

89, 960 
101, 843 

24, 151 

29, 328 



141,531 
165, 007 
+16.6 

16, 039 

17, 924 
17, 413 
21,345 
31, 045 
38, 994 
60,030 
67, 672 

9,689 
10, 990 
2,998 
3,567 
4,317 
4,515 



617,418 

727, 133 

+17.8 

313, 796 

374, 921 

+19.5 

5,849 

6,339 



1, 206. 7 
1, 361. 2 
+ 11.1 



1, 108. 2 

1, 244. 3 

+12.3 

997.4 

1,171.3 

+ 17.4 

974.5 

1, 120. 6 

545.8 

665.0 

1, 137. 1 

1,370.1 

531. 1 

546.0 

1,219.1 

1,452.8 

668.2 

513.7 



1,141.8 
1, 266. 8 
+ 10.9 
1, 234. 4 
1,361.9 
1, 349. 5 
1, 495. 6 
767.2 
853.6 



1, 102. 6 
1, 227. 3 
+11.3 
1, 186. 4 
1, 302. 5 

+9.8 
1, 640. 
1, 704. 1 
1, 089. 2 
1, 161. 7 
1,348.6 
1, 531. 6 

884.3 
1, 008. 3 

594.7 

714.1 



903.5 

1,047.6 

+15.9 

577.0 

650.4 

782.6 

959.3 

887.0 

1, 107. 4 

1,387.0 

1.534.9 

663.6 

742.6 

472.9 

553.0 

585.7 

631.5 



1,060.5 
1, 227. 2 

+15.7 
1, 132. 5 
1,324.3 

+16.9 
1, 228. 7 
1, 291. 



Murder and 
nonnegligent 
manslaughter 



Nu 



imber Rate per N 
100, 000 



8,540 
9,249 
+8.4 



1,352 

1,607 

+18.9 

201 

188 

-6.5 

47 

49 

19 

15 

101 

105 

20 

6 

12 

11 

2 

2 



1,151 
1,419 
+23.3 
181 
207 
705 
833 
265 



1,703 

1,846 

+8.4 

1,296 

1,396 

+7.7 

523 

572 

129 

145 

268 

269 

306 

350 

70 

60 



407 

450 

+10.6 

35 

35 

57 

75 

41 

51 

223 

240 

29 

34 

13 

6 



4,314 

4,577 
+6.1 
2,141 
2,313 
+8.0 
22 
21 



4.5 

4.8 

+6.7 



2.9 
3.4 
+17.2 
1.9 
1.7 
-10.5 
1.8 
1.8 
1.9 
1.5 
1.9 
2.0 
3.2 
.9 
1.4 
1.2 
.5 
.5 



3.2 
3.9 
+21.9 
2.8 
3.1 
4.0 
4.6 
2.3 
3.3 



3.2 
3.5 

+9.4 
3.5 
3.7 

+5.7 
5.1 
5.5 
2.7 
3.0 
3.3 
3.3 
3.0 
3.5 
1.7 
1.5 



Forcible rape 



um1)er R 



16, 484 
20, 551 

+21.4 



3,085 

3,745 

+21.4 

443 

623 

+40.6 

88 

152 

36 

236 
320 
30 
25 
20 
25 
33 
24 



2,642 

3,122 

+ 18.2 

561 

609 

1,200 

1,507 

881 

1,006 



2.6 
2.9 
+11.5 
1.3 
1.3 
2.6 
3.4 
1.2 
1.4 
5.2 
5.4 
2.0 
2.3 
2.1 
.9 
1.2 
1.3 



7.4 
7. 7 

+4.1 
7.7 
8.2 

+6.5 
4.6 
4.3 



4,619 

5,598 

+21.2 

3,525 

4,228 

+19.9 

1,416 

1,569 

343 

456 

1,034 

1,358 

617 

721 

115 

124 



1,094 
1.370 
+25.2 
100 
137 
148 
246 
91 
157 
592 
661 
102 
85 
22 
45 
39 
39 



4,405 

6,061 

+37.6 

2,159 

2, 859 

+32.4 

39 

36 



50 



Geographic Divisions and States, 1963-64 



inhabitant 


3; percent c 


hange ovei 


1963] 














Robbery 


Aggravated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny $50 
and over 


Auto theft 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 




100,000 




100,000 




100,000 




100,000 




100,000 


100, 257 


53.2 


148, 129 


78.6 


987, 302 


523.7 


614.367 


325.9 


399,912 


212.1 


111,753 


58.4 


184, 908 


96.6 


1,110,458 


580.4 


704, 536 


368.2 


462, 971 


242.0 


+ 11.9 


+ 10.0 


+ 16.6 


+ 15.0 


+ 11.7 


+ 10.7 


+ 12.9 


+ 11.3 


+ 15.8 


+ 14.4 


18,316 


39.5 


28, 541 


61.5 


202, 814 


437.4 


155. 162 


334. 6 


104, 620 


225.6 


20, 971 


44.5 


34, 777 


73.8 


229, 262 


486.5 


172,013 


365. 


124, 033 


263. 2 


+14.5 


+12.7 


+21.8 


+20. 


+13.0 


+11.2 


+ 10.9 


+9.1 


+ 18.6 


+ 16.7 


2,062 


19.1 


2,741 


25.5 


46, 421 


431. 1 


27. 142 


252.1 


28, 388 


263.6 


2,343 


21.2 


4,100 


37.0 


55, 010 


496. 9 


32, 595 


294.4 


34, 803 


314.4 


+ 13.6 


+11.0 


+49.6 


+45.1 


+ 18.5 


+ 15.3 


+20.1 


+ 16.8 


+22. 6 


+19.3 


366 


13.7 


691 


25.9 


12,553 


470.9 


7,332 


275.0 


4,903 


183.9 


414 


15.0 


1,158 


41.9 


14,713 


531.9 


8,793 


317.9 


5,717 


206.7 


64 


6.5 


132 


13.4 


2,617 


266.5 


1,536 


156.4 


956 


97.3 


75 


7.6 


240 


24.3 


3,248 


328.4 


1,868 


188.9 


1,054 


106. 6 


1,409 


27.0 


1,502 


28.8 


23, 121 


443. 1 


13,865 


265.7 


19, 099 


366.0 


1,636 


30.6 


2, 197 


41.2 


28, 278 


529.7 


16, 470 


308.5 


24, 133 


452.1 


43 


6.9 


71 


11.3 


1,751 


279.3 


844 


134.6 


571 


91.1 


43 


6.6 


75 


11.5 


1,827 


279.3 


1,046 


159.9 


549 


83.9 


153 


17.3 


315 


35.6 


4,765 


538.4 


3,126 


353.2 


2,398 


271.0 


162 


17.7 


380 


41.6 


5,880 


643.4 


3,876 


424.1 


2,944 


322.1 


27 


6.9 


30 


7. 7 


1,614 


413.9 


439 


112.6 


461 


118.2 


13 


3.2 


50 


12.2 


1,064 


260.1 


542 


132.5 


406 


99.3 


16, 254 


45.7 


25, 800 


72.5 


156, 393 


439.3 


128, 020 


359.6 


76, 232 


214.1 


18, 628 


51.7 


30, 677 


85.1 


174,252 


483.3 


139,418 


386. 7 


89, 230 


247. 5 


+ 14.6 


+13.1 


+18.9 


+17.4 


+ 11.4 


+ 10.0 


+8.9 


+7.5 


+17.1 


+ 15. 6 


3,367 


52.0 


4.227 


65.3 


35, 993 


556. 3 


18,711 


289.2 


16, 826 


260. 1 


3,812 


57.0 


.5, 197 


77.8 


40, 143 


600. 7 


22, 115 


331.0 


18, 923 


283.2 


8,232 


46.5 


15, 423 


87.1 


80, 676 


455. 6 


91, 265 


515. 4 


41, 473 


234.2 


9,829 


54.9 


18, 508 


103.3 


90, 277 


503.9 


97, 745 


545.6 


49, 228 


274. 8 


4,655 


40.7 


6,150 


53.8 


39, 724 


347.7 


18, 044 


157.9 


17, 933 


157.0 


4,987 


43.5 


6,972 


60.8 


43, 832 


382.5 


19, 558 


170.7 


21, 079 


184.0 


38, 655 


73.1 


31,857 


60.2 


245, 830 


464. 8 


150, 742 


285.0 


109, 794 


207.6 


40, 675 


76.2 


41, 409 


77.6 


269. 955 


505.8 


170, 239 


319.0 


125, 283 


234.7 


+5.2 


+4.2 


+30.0 


+28.9 


+9.8 


+8.8 


+ 12.9 


+11.9 


+14.1 


+13.1 


32, 414 


87.1 


25, 838 


69.4 


179, 961 


483.4 


112,201 


301.4 


86, 434 


232.2 


34, 081 


90.6 


33, 176 


88.2 


192, 193 


510.9 


126, 601 


336.5 


98, 323 


261.4 


+5.1 


+4.0 


+28.4 


+27.1 


+6.8 


+5.7 


+12.8 


+11.6 


+13.8 


+12.6 


19, 193 


188.5 


11, 784 


115.7 


55, 117 


541.3 


40, 093 


393.8 


38, 854 


381.6 


19, 123 


182.3 


14, 761 


140.7 


57, 416 


547.4 


42, 744 


407.5 


42, 555 


405. 7 


2,163 


46.1 


1,859 


39.6 


23, 495 


500.5 


13, 619 


290.1 


9,520 


202. 8 


2,731 


56.6 


2,766 


57.3 


23, 962 


496.6 


15, 628 


323. 9 


10, 365 


214.8 


6,520 


80.3 


7,749 


95.5 


47, 867 


589.8 


27, 884 


343.6 


18, 128 


223.4 


7,113 


87.8 


9,130 


112. 7 


51,990 


642. 


33, 163 


409.5 


21, Oil 


259.5 


4,145 


40.7 


3,836 


37.7 


43, 898 


431.5 


22, 113 


217.4 


15, 045 


147.9 


4,663 


46.2 


5,583 


55.3 


47, 100 


466. 3 


24, 901 


246.5^ 


18, 525 


183.4 


393 


9.7 


610 


15.0 


9,584 


236. 


8,492 


209.1 


4,887 


120. 3 


451 


11.0 


936 


22.8 


11,725 


285.5 


10. 165 


247.5 


5,867 


142.9 


6,241 


39.8 


6,019 


38.4 


65, 869 


420.5 


38, 541 


246.0 


23, 360 


149.1 


6,594 


41.9 


8,233 


52.3 


77, 762 


493.7 


43, 638 


277.0 


26, 960 


171.2 


+5.7 


+5.3 


+36.8 


+36.2 


+18.1 


+17.4 


+13.2 


+12. 6 


+15.4 


+14.8 


253 


9.1 


241 


8.7 


7,516 


270.4 


5,629 


202.5 


2,265 


81.5 


310 


11.2 


525 


19.0 


8,004 


290.4 


6,274 


227.6 


2,639 


95.8 


648 


29.1 


879 


39.5 


8,234 


370.1 


5,045 


226.7 


2,402 


108.0 


623 


28.0 


1,494 


67.1 


9,626 


432.6 


6,175 


277.5 


3,106 


139.6 


1,186 


33.9 


645 


18.4 


14, 160 


404.6 


9,748 


■278. 5 


5,174 


147.8 


1,285 


36.5 


1,075 


30.5 


18, 833 


534.9 


11, 209 


318.3 


6,384 


181.3 


3,788 


87.5 


3,850 


89.0 


28, 644 


661.8 


12, 532 


289.6 


10, 401 


240.3 


3,955 


89.7 


4,492 


101.9 


33, 051 


749.6 


13, 831 


313.7 


11,442 


259.5 


227 


15.5 


221 


15.1 


4,290 


293.8 


2,989 


204.7 


1,831 


126.4 


306 


20.7 


333 


22.5 


4,832 


326.5 


3.198 


216.1 


2,202 


148.8 


61 


9.6 


86 


13.6 


1,207 


190.4 


998 


157.4 


611 


96.4 


56 


8.7 


122 


18.9 


1,546 


239.7 


1,208 


187.3 


584 


90.5 


78 


10.6 


97 


13.2 


1,818 


246.7 


1,600 


217.1 


676 


91.7 


59 


8.3 


192 


26.9 


1,870 


261.5 


1,743 


243.8 


603 


84.3 


21, 644 


37.2 


59, 725 


102.6 


284, 129 


488.0 


153, 772 


264.1 


89, 429 


153.6 


26, 045 


44.0 


74, 686 


126.0 


328, 601 


554.6 


181, 266 


305.9 


105, 897 


178.7 


+20.3 


+18.3 


+25.0 


+22.8 


+15.7 


+13.6 


+17.9 


+15.8 


+18.4 


+16.3 


11,938 


43.1 


32, 796 


118.4 


140, 824 


508.3 


78, 902 


284.8 


45, 036 


162. 5 


14, 434 


51.0 


41,287 


145.8 


166, 043 


586. 5 


93, 293 


329.5 


54, 692 


193.2 

4I8.9 


+20.9 


+18.3 


+25.9 


+23.1 


+17.9 


+15.4 


+18.2 


+15.7 


+21.4 


175 


36.8 


117 


24.6 


3,120 


655. 4 


1,4.34 


-^301.3 


942 


m7. 9 


196 


39.9 


183 


37.3 


3,071 


625.5 


1,588 


323.4 


1,244 


253.4 



51 



Table 2.^Index of Crime by Regions, 

[Number and rate per 100,000 



Area 



Florida 

Georgia 

Maryland 

Xorth Carolina. 
South Carolina. 

Virginia 

West Virginia. - 



East South Central. 

Percent change . 
Alabama 



Year 



Kentucky- 
Mississippi. 
Tennessee.. 



West South Central. 

Percent change.. 
Arkansas 



Louisiana- 
Oklahoma. 
Texas 



1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 

1963 
1964 



1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 

1963 
1964 



West. 



Percent change- 
Mountain 



Percent change. 
Arizona 



Colorado 

Idaho 

Montana 

Nevada 

New Mexico. 

Utah 

Wyoming 



Pacific. 



Percent change- 
Alaska 



California... 

Hawaii 

Oregon 

Washington. 



1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 

1963 
1964 



1963 
1964 



1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 

1963 
1964 



1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 
1963 
1964 



Population 



652, 000 

705, 000 

140, 000 

294, 000 

289, 000 

432, 000 

760, 000 

852, 000 

2, 483, 000 

2, 555, 000 

4, 331, 000 

4, 378, 000 

1, 778, 000 

1, 797, 000 



12, 425, 000 
12, 678, 000 



3, 347, 000 
3, 407, 000 
3, 095, 000 
3, 159, 000 

2, 290, 000 
2, 314, 000 

3. 694. 000 
3, 798, 000 



18, 087, 000 
18, 263, 000 



1, 858, COO 
1, 933, 000 
3, 418, 000 
3, 468, 000 
2, 487, 000 
2, 465, 000 
10, 323, 000 
10, 397, 000 



31, 053, 000 
31, 587, 000 



7, 645, 000 
7, 697, 000 



1,559,000 

1,581,000 

1,961,000 

1,966,000 

713,000 

692, 000 

707, 000 

705, 000 

368, 000 

408, 000 

1, 018, 000 

1,008,000 

983, 000 

992, 000 

337, 000 

343. 000 



23, 407, 000 
23. 891, 000 



248, 000 

250, 000 

17,590,000 

18, 084. 000 

694. 000 

701,000 

1,826,000 

1,871,000 

3, 050, 000 

2, 984, 000 



Total offenses 



Xuml>er 



90, 008 
108, 535 
45, 803 
52, 781 
40. 321 
49. 251 
37. 587 
45. 205 
27, 192 
31, 081 
40, 115 
48, 917 
8.422 
9, 672 



103, 544 
124, 390 

+20. 1 
28, 409 
35, 390 
28, 672 
32, 688 
9,005 
14, 392 
37, 458 
41, 920 



200. 078 

227. 822 

+13.9 

12. 043 

14. 473 

33. 860 

41. 804 

26. 763 

29. 844 

127, 412 

141, 701 



560, 483 

635, 880 

+13. 5 

112,310 

118.210 

+5.3 

30,171 

32, 505 

30, 090 

30, 474 

5,614 

6,145 

7,977 

7.786 

11,004 

11,387 

13,374 

14, 404 

11,062 

12,196 

3,018 

3.313 



448.173 

517,670 

+15.5 

3.202 

3.506 

380, 690 

438, 281 

9,418 

11,083 

20, 865 

25, 073 

33, 998 

39. 727 



Rate per 
100. 000 



1, 592. 4 

1,902.5 

1, 106. 3 

1, 229. 2 

1, 225. 9 

1, 435. 1 

789.6 

931.7 

1, 095. 1 

1, 216. 5 

926. 2 

1,117.3 

473.7 

538.2 



833.4 
981.2 

+ 17.7 
848.8 

, 038. 8 
926.4 

, 034. 7 
393.2 
622. 

, 014. 

, 103. 8 



1, 106. 3 

1, 247. 5 

+12.8 

648.2 

748.7 

990.6 

1, 205. 4 

1, 076. 2 

1.210.7 

1,234.3 

1.363.0 



1, 804. 9 

2, 013. 2 
+11.5 

1, 468. 9 

1, 536. 2 

+4.6 

1, 935. 3 

2, 055. 9 
1,534.5 
1,550.0 

787.4 

888.0 

1,128.3 

1,104.4 

2, 990. 1 

2, 790. 9 

1,313.7 

1,429.0 

1,125.4 

1, 229. 5 

895.6 

965. 9 



1,914.6 
2. 166. 8 
+13.2 
1,291.1 
1,402.4 
2, 164. 2 
2, 423. 5 
1,357.0 
1,581.0 
1,142.7 
1,340.1 
1,114.7 
1,331.3 



Murder and 
nonnegligent 
manslaughter 



Number 



463 
489 
390 
503 
207 
229 
370 
369 
249 
206 
249 
297 
95 
67 



915 
938 
+2.5 
340 
316 
172 
164 
164 
233 
239 
225 



1,258 
1,326 
+5.4 
137 
147 
235 
287 
129 
110 
757 
782 



1,171 

1,219 

+4.1 

339 

332 

-2.1 

93 

83 

94 

82 

18 

28 

14 

19 

29 

32 

55 

54 

24 

15 

12 

19 



887 
+6.6 
16 
26 
673 
740 
12 
15 
55 
34 
76 
72 



Rate per 
100. 000 



8.2 
8.6 
9.4 

11.7 
6.3 
6.7 
7.8 
7.6 

10.0 
8.1 
5.8 
6.8 
5.3 
3.7 



7.0 
7.3 
+4.3 
7.4 
7.6 
6.9 
8.3 
5.2 
4.5 
7.3 
7.5 



3.8 
3.9 

+2.6 
4.4 
4.3 

-2.3 
6.0 
5.2 
4.8 
4.2 
2.5 
4.0 
2.0 
2.7 
7.9 
7.8 
5.4 
5.4 
2.4 
1.5 
3.6 
5.5 



3.6 
3.7 
+2.8 
6.5 
10.4 
3.8 
4.1 
1.7 
2.1 
3.0 
1.8 
2.5 
2.4 



Forcible rape 



Number 



398 
589 
396 
529 
308 
346 
336 
451 
143 
258 
374 
456 
74 



703 

1,204 

+71.3 

192 

397 

166 

254 

98 

217 

247 

336 



1,543 

1,998 

+29.5 

113 

157 

212 

384 

200 

269 

1,018 

1,188 



4,375 

5,147 

+ 17.6 



+13.0 

299 

259 

285 

336 

39 

41 

59 

53 

60 

54 

120 

120 

77 

100 

21 

35 



3,492 

4,149 

+18.8 

37 

56 

3,080 

3,621 

18 

18 

161 

225 

196 

229 



1 Population for each State for 1963 and 1964 is Bureau of the Census provisiona 
subject to change. All rates were calculated on the estimated population l)efore 

2 Offense totals based on all reporting agencies and estimates for mireported 
change obtained from agencies furnishing comparable data 1963 and 1964, table 5 

52 



I estimate as of July 1, and 
rounding, 
areas. National percent 
Aggravated assault and 



Geographic Divisions and States, 1963-64 — Continued 

inhabitants; percent change over 1963] 



Robbery 


Aggravated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny $50 
and over 


Auto theft 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Numlier 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


4,017 


71.1 


6,282 


111.1 


46, 604 


824.5 


22, 569 


399.3 


9, 675 


171.2 


4,958 


86.9 


9,073 


159.0 


54, 959 


963.4 


26, 692 


467.9 


11,775 


206.^1 


1,410 


34.1 


4,148 


100.2 


19, 400 


468.6 


11. 461 


276.8 


8,598 


207.7 


1,445 


33.7 


4, 995 


116.3 


22, 706 


528.8 


12. 654 


294.7 


9,949 


231.7 


1,721 


52.3 


2, 664 


81.0 


15, 968 


485. 5 


11,639 


353.9 


7,814 


237.6 


2,041 


59.5 


4,223 


123.0 


18, 735 


545. 9 


14,410 


419.9 


9,267 


270.0 


849 


17.8 


8,295 


174.3 


14, 757 


310.0 


8,447 


177.5 


4,533 


95.2 


1,034 


21.3 


10, 264 


211.5 


17, 922 


369.4 


10, 253 


211.3 


4,912 


101.2 


535 


21.6 


3,140 


126.5 


12, 697 


511.4 


7,257 


292.3 


3,171 


127.7 


658 


25.8 


3,104 


121.5 


14, 106 


552. 1 


8, 586 


336.0 


4,163 


162.9 


1,221 


28.2 


4.676 


108.0 


17,208 


397.3 


10, 890 


251.4 


5,497 


126.9 


1,462 


33.4 


6,094 


139.2 


20, 746 


473.9 


13, 300 


303.8 


6, 562 


149.9 


260 


14.6 


603 


33.9 


4, 023 


226.3 


2, 051 


115.4 


1, 316 


74.0 


303 


16.9 


718 


40.0 


4,818 


268. 1 


2, 267 


126.2 


1.410 


78.5 


3, 17G 


25.6 


9,048 


72.8 


49, 222 


396. 2 


26, 234 


211.1 


14, 246 


114.7 


3, 756 


29.6 


12,517 


98.7 


57, 676 


454. 9 


32, 148 


253.6 


16, 151 


127.4 


+18.3 


+ 15.6 


+38.3 


+35.6 


+17.2 


+14.8 


+22. 5 


+20.1 


+ 13.4 


+ 11.2 


828 


24.7 


4,249 


127.0 


12, 399 


370.5 


7,368 


220.1 


3,033 


90.6 


992 


29.1 


4,964 


145.7 


15, 627 


458.7 


9,415 


276.4 


3, 079 


108. 


1,109 


35.8 


1,353 


43.7 


13, 508 


436.5 


8,399 


271.4 


3, 965 


128.1 


1,140 


36.1 


1,861 


58.9 


14,571 


461. 2 


10, 172 


322.0 


4, 526 


143. 3 


' 191 


8.3 


1,203 


52.5 


4,259 


186. 


1, 964 


85.8 


1, 126 


49.2 


476 


20.6 


2,896 


125.2 


6, 157 


266.1 


3.143 


135.8 


1, 270 


54.9 


1,048 


28.4 


2.243 


60.7 


19. 056 


515.9 


8. 503 


230.2 


6, 122 


165.7 


1,148 


30.2 


2. 796 


73.6 


21, 321 


561. 4 


9.418 


248.0 


6. 676 


175.8 


6, 530 


36.1 


17, 881 


98.9 


94, 083 


520. 2 


48, 636 


268. 9 


30, 147 


166. 7 


7, 855 


43.0 


20, 882 


114.3 


104, 882 


574.3 


55, 825 


305.7 


35, 054 


191.9 


+20.3 


+19.1 


+ 16.8 


+15.6 


+ 11.5 


+10.4 


+14.8 


+13.7 


+16.3 


+15.1 


466 


25.1 


1,120 


60.3 


5,491 


295.5 


3,304 


177.8 


1,412 


76.0 


565 


29.2 


1,557 


80.5 


6,436 


332. 9 


3,898 


201.7 


1,713 


88.6 


1,446 


42.3 


3,386 


99.1 


13, 528 


395.8 


8,283 


242.3 


6,770 


198.1 


1,849 


53.3 


4. 006 


115.5 


16, 730 


482.4 


10, 539 


303.9 


8,009 


230.9 


981 


39.5 


1,431 


57.5 


12,659 


509.0 


6, 657 


267.7 


4,706 


189.2 


1,038 


42.1 


2,100 


85.2 


14, 047 


569. 8 


7,399 


300.1 


4,881 


198.0 


3,637 


35.2 


11,944 


115.7 


62, 405 


604. 5 


30, 392 


294.4 


17, 259 


167. 2 


4,403 


42.4 


13,219 


127.1 


67, 669 


650.9 


33, 989 


326. 9 


20, 451 


196.7 


21, 642 


69.7 


28, 006 


90.2 


254, 529 


819.6 


154, 691 


498.1 


96, 069 


309.4 


24, 062 


76.2 


34, 036 


107.8 


282, 640 


894.8 


181,018 


573.1 


107, 758 


341.2 


+11.2 


+9.3 


+21. 5 


+19.5 


+ 11.0 


+9.2 


+ 17.0 


+15. 1 


+12.2 


+10.3 


3,581 


46.8 


4,273 


55.9 


47,979 


627. 5 


34, 014 


444.9 


21,241 


277.8 


3,694 


48.0 


6,021 


78.2 


50, 127 


651.4 


37, 396 


486.0 


19, 642 


255.3 


+3.2 


+2.6 


+40.9 


+39.9 


+4.5 


+3.8 


+9.9 


+9.2 


-7.5 


-8.1 


897 


57.5 


1,649 


105.8 


12, 944 


830.3 


8,629 


553.5 


5,737 


368.0 


967 


61.2 


1,871 


118.3 


13, 726 


868.2 


10, 251 


648.4 


5,348 


338.3 


1,340 


68.3 


789 


40.2 


13. 149 


670.6 


8,423 


429.5 


6,010 


306.5 


1,323 


67.3 


1,300 


66.1 


13, 367 


679.9 


8,734 


444.2 


5,332 


271.2 


87 


12.2 


218 


30.6 


2,405 


337. 3 


2,147 


301.1 


700 


98.2 


71 


10.3 


397 


57.4 


2,285 


330.2 


2,653 


383.4 


670 


96.8 


146 


20.7 


165 


23.3 


3,380 


478.1 


2,480 


350. 8 


1,733 


245.1 


110 


15.6 


323 


45.8 


3,328 


472.1 


2,537 


359.9 


1,416 


200.9 


437 


118.7 


229 


62.2 


4,221 


1, 147. 


3,553 


965.5 


2.475 


672.5 


448 


109.8 


449 


110. 


4,416 


1, 082. 3 


3,879 


950.7 


2,109 


516.9 


377 


37.0 


859 


84.4 


5,801 


569.8 


3,863 


379. 5 


2,299 


225.8 


466 


46.2 


1,014 


100.6 


6,471 


642.0 


3,931 


390.0 


2,348 


232.9 


225 


22.9 


272 


27.7 


4, 916 


500.1 


3,722 


378.7 


1,826 


185.8 


263 


26.5 


510 


51.4 


5, 233 


527.5 


4,065 


409.8 


2,010 


202.6 


72 


21.4 


92 


27.3 


1,163 


345. 1 


1,197 


3.55. 2 


461 


136.8 


46 


13.4 


157 


45.8 


1,301 


379.3 


1.346 


392.4 
515.5 


409 


119.2 


18, 061 


77.2 


23, 733 


101.4 


206, 550 


882.4 


120, 677 


74, 828 


319.7 


20, 368 


85.3 


28, 015 


117.3 


232. 513 


973.2 


143, 622 


601.2 


88. 116 


368.8 


+12.8 


+ 10.5 


+18.0 


+15.7 


+12.6 


+ 10.3 


+19.0 


+16.6 


+17. 8 


+ 15.4 


55 


22.2 


164 


66.1 


946 


381.5 


1,097 


442.3 


887 


357.7 


53 


21.2 


240 


96.0 


1,109 


443.6 


1. 137 


454.8 


885 


354. 


16, 458 


93.6 


22, 103 


125.7 


175, 703 


998.9 


98, 956 


562.6 


63, 717 


362. 2 


18, 667 


103.2 


24, 880 


137.6 


196, 883 


1, 088. 7 


117,703 


650.9 


75, 787 


419.1 


80 


11.5 


105 


15.1 


4,944 


712.4 


2, 585 


372.5 


1,674 


241.2 


95 


13.6 


447 


63.8 


5,880 


838.8 


2,825 


403.0 


1.803 


257.2 


554 


30.3 


623 


34.1 


8,823 


483.2 


7,526 


412.2 


3.123 


171.0 


703 


37.6 


1,047 


56.0 


10, 727 


573. 4 


8,447 


451.5 


3,890 


207.9 


914 


30.0 


738 


24.2 


16. 134 


529.0 


10, 513 


344.7 


5,427 


177.9 


850 


28.5 


1,401 


46.9 


17. 914 


600.3 


13,510 


452.7 


5,751 


192.7 



forcible rape totals in some areas reflect in part more complete, reporting in 1964 due to : 
of collection. 
3 Includes the District of Columbia. 



more definitive form 



53 



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87 



General United States Crime Statistics 

The data presented in this section are primarily of value to law 
enforcement executives, news media and others for the purpose of 
comparing the crime experience of a community with the averages 
reported nationally by communities of similar size. Crime trends and 
rates are tabulated by grouping places according to population size. 
Police performance in clearing crimes by arrest is presented by 
population group and geographic division. 

National city averages are also shown indicating the type and value 
of the property stolen, by offense and type, and value recovered by 
police investigation. Robbery, burglary, and larceny-theft are 
examined by type, as well as where and when they occurred. 

City, suburban, and rural area arrest rates are shown for all criminal 
offenses. Arrest rates by population group are also listed for spe^^ific 
offenses. This is another step in building totals for crime categories 
other than those in the Crime Index and in presenting crimes known 
to the police through arrests. 

Statistical data relating to suburban areas are provided for the use 
of law enforcement officials in suburban communities in making limited 
comparisons. Places used to establish totals for suburban areas in- 
clude cities with 50,000 or less population and county law enforcement 
agencies in standard metropolitan statistical areas. Of course, the 
crime experience of the large core city is excluded. 

It is important to remember in studying averages that usually about 
half the units used must be above and about half below. National 
averages can provide the police administrator with valuable guidance 
in analyzing the local crime count, as well as the performance of his 
force in combating crime. The analysis, however, does not end with 
such a comparison, for it is only through an appraisal of local conditions 
that a clear picture of the community crime problem or the effective- 
ness of the police force is possible. 



55 



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93 



Table 7. — City Crime Trends, 1964 versus Average 1959-63 

[Offenses known to the police in 3,057 cities over 2,500; 1964 estimated population 99,882,000] 



Offense 



Number of offenses 



Average 
1959-63 



1964 



Percent 
change 



TOTAL 

Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 

M anslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft: 

$50 and over 

Under $50 

Auto theft 



004, 662 



+29.9 



4,326 
2,892 
8,373 
57, 491 

85, 124 
543, 364 

350, 086 

1, 022, 200 

239, 786 



3,580 
11,114 
75, 214 

110,449 
711,887 

479, 300 
, 274, 764 
333, 045 



+22.7 
+23.8 
+32.7 
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+29.8 
+31.0 

+36.9 

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Burglary— 
breaking 
or enter- 
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11 


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5 



100 



Table 11. — Disposition of Persons Formally Charged by the Police, 1964 

[1,751 cities; 1964 estimated population 58,915,000] 



Offense 



TOTAL 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent man 

slaughter 

(b) Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault - 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Autotheft 

Subtotal for above offenses 

ther assaults. 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud. 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possess 

ing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling 

Offenses against the family and children^. 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct- 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses 



Charged 
(held for 
prosecu- 
tion) 



132, 220 



2,242 

757 

3,365 

15, 740 

33, 005 

69, 023 

150, 009 

41. 730 



315, 871 



91,072 

1,850 

11,073 

18, 044 

4,351 

7,330 
26, 904 

20, 880 
10, 095 
28, 480 
15, 783 
53, 067 
23, 484 

98, 097 

72, 710 

756, 065 

268, 031 

67, 872 

241, 161 



Percent of persons charged 



Guilty 



Offense 
charged 



68.4 



46.1 
42.9 
31.3 
39.4 
34.4 
28.0 
40.1 
21.0 



34.3 



52.6 
21.3 
61.9 
71.2 
70.5 

38.5 
24.2 

60.7 
71.4 
56.0 
49.0 

58.8 



79.5 
68.0 
89.4 
75.2 
80.4 
50.2 



Lesser 
offense 



19.8 
8.3 
14.8 
11.9 
19.2 
9.6 
3.9 
6.8 



7.8 



3.5 
5.6 
12.7 
3.7 
6.4 

7.3 

2.5 

5.9 
3.5 
6.8 
10.3 
4.5 
2.9 



10.3 
LO 
.2 
.6 
.8 
1.2 



Acquitted 

or 
dismissed 



15.4 



26.1 
43.2 
31.7 
18.4 
33.1 
10.2 
12.7 
10.9 



14.7 



33.7 
12.3 
15.8 
22.6 
20.8 

29.2 
20.7 

18.3 
24.2 
16.9 
36.1 
35.9 
29.4 

9.6 
14.3 

9.6 
16.8 
14.0 
19.7 



Referred 

to 

juvenile 

court 



13.5 



8.0 
5.5 
22.2 
30.4 
13.3 
52.3 
43.3 
61.3 



43.3 



10.2 
60.8 
9.7 
2.4 
2.3 

25.0 
52.5 

15.1 

.9 

20.3 

4.6 

.8 

6.9 

.6 

16.6 

.9 

7.4 

4.8 

28.9 



Table 12. — Offenses Known, Cleared; Persons Arrested, Charged and Disposed 

of in 1964 

[1,658 cities; 1964 estimated population 56,807,000] 



Type 



Offenses known 

Offenses cleared 

Percent cleared 

ARRESTS 

Total persons charged 

Percent of arrests. 

Guilty 

Percent of arrests 

Percent of charged 

Guilty of lesser offense 

Percent of arrests. 

Percent of charged 

Acquitted or dismissed 

Percent of arrests. 

Percent of charged 

Referred to juvenile court 

Percent of arrests 

Percent of charged 



TOTAL 



1, 626, 574 

388, 946 

23.9 

378, 269 

303, 191 

80.2 

101,910 

26.9 

33.6 

23,918 

6.3 

7.9 

44, 832 

11.9 

14.8 

132, 631 

35.0 

43.7 



Murder 

ar.d non- 
nouiigent 

man- 
slaughter 



2,951 
2,649 



3,055 

2, 162 

70.8 

984 

32.2 

45. 5 

431 

14.1 

19.9 

572 

18.7 

26.5 

175 

5.7 

8.1 



Forci- 
ble 
rape 



5,719 
3,929 

68.7 

4,222 

3,261 
77.2 

1,012 
24.0 
31.0 
478 
11.3 
14.7 

1,048 
24.8 
32.1 
723 
17.1 
22.2 



Rob- 
bery 



38, 376 

14, 783 
38.5 

19, 579 

15, 334 
78.3 

5,966 
30.5 
38.9 

1,858 
9.5 
12.1 

2,842 
14.5 
18.5 

4,668 
23.8 
30.4 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



60, 374 

44, 753 

74.1 

38, 061 

31,285 
82.2 

10, 119 
26.6 
32.3 
6,165 
16.2 
19.7 

10, 774 
28.3 
34.4 
4,227 
11.1 
13.5 



Bur- 
glary — 
break- 
ing or 
entering 



368, 824 

93, 515 

25.4 

82, 756 

66, 459 

80.3 

18, 287 

22.1 

27.5 

6,450 

7.8 

9.7 

6,810 

8.2 

10.2 

34,912 

42.2 

52.5 



Lar- 
ceny- 
theft 



967, 454 
180, 498 

18.7 

181,992 

144, 257 

79.3 

57, 192 

31.4 

39.6 

5,782 

3.2 

4.0 

18, 341 

10.1 

12.7 

62, 942 

34.6 



Auto 
theft 



182, 876 

48, 819 

26.7 

48, 604 

40, 433 

83.2 

8,350 

17.2 

20.7 

2,754 

5.7 

6.8 

4,445 

9.1 

11.0 

24, 884 

51.2 

61.5 



7T7-52S°— 65- 



101 



Table 13. — Police Disposition of Juvenile Offenders Taken Into Custody^ 1964 

[1964 estimated population] 



Population group 



TOTAL 

2,776 agencies ; total population 95,502,000 : 

Number 

Percent 



TOTAL CITIES 

2,241 agencies; total population 80,348,000: 

Number 

Percent 



43 cities over 250,000; population 
34,460,000: 

Number 

Percent 



GROUP II 

65 cities, 100,000 to 250.000; population 
9,427,000: 

Number 

Percent 



oEoi^p m 

150 cities, 50,000 to 100,000; population 
10,505,000: 

Number 

Percent 



CROUP IV 

79 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; population 
9,811,000: 

Number 

Percent 



GROUP V 

656 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; population 
10,160,000: 

Number 

Percent 



GROUP VI 

1,048 cities under 10,000; population 5, 
000: 

Number 

Percent 



SUBURBAN AREA 3 

1,082 agencies; population 22,633,000: 

Number 

Percent 



RURAL AREA 

460 agencies; population 7,056,000: 

Number 

Percent 



Total 1 



814, 075 
2 100. 



Handled 
within 
depart- 
ment and 

released 



742, 130 
100.0 



251, 158 
100.0 



108, 728 
100.0 



117, 503 
100.0 



107,174 
100.0 



100, 569 
100.0 



56, 998 
100.0 



191,936 
100.0 



29, 783 
100.0 



383, 898 

47.2 



351, 691 

47.4 



95, 470 
38.0 



^,771 
44.9 



65, 494 
55.7 



58, 284 
54.4 



54, 685 
54.4 



28, 987 
50.9 



112, 309 

58.5 



10, 156 
34.1 



Referred 
to juve- 
nile court 
juris- 
diction 



381,337 
46.8 



347, 003 



146, 245 

58.2 



52, 658 
48.4 



42, 929 
36.5 



Referred 

to welfare 

agency 



12, 858 
1.6 



11,617 
1.6 



3,165 
1.3 



2,621 
2.4 



2,315 
2.0 



42,312 1,371 

39. 5 1.3 



39, 557 
39.3 



23, 302 
40.9 



),167 
36.0 



16, 237 
54.5 



1,296 
1.3 



849 
1.5 



1,827 
1.0 



Referred 

to other 

police 

agency 



21, ( 



19, 369 
2.6 



4,477 
1.8 



1, 355 
1.2 



4,519 
3.8 



3,675 
3.4 



3,141 
3.1 



,202 
3.9 



6,500 
3.4 



Referred 
to crim- 
inal or 
adult 
court 



1 Traffic and neglect cases not included 

2 Because of rounding, the percentages 

3 Agencies and population represented 



may not add to precisely 100.0 percent. 

in suburban area are also included in other city groups. 



102 



Table 14. — Offense Analysis, Trends, 1963-64; Percent Distribution and Aver- 
age Value 

[599 cities over 25,000; 1964 estimated population 71,897,000] 



Classification 



Number of offenses 



1963 



Percent 
change 



Percent 
distribu- 
tion 
1964 



Average 
value 



Robbery: 

TOTAL- 



72, 719 



81, 289 



+11.1 



100.0 



Highway 

Commercial house 

Gas or service station. 

Chain store 

Residence 

Bank 

Miscellaneous 



Burglary— breaking or entering: 
TOTAL 



38, 452 
15, 882 
3,582 
1.803 
6,989 
661 
5,350 



515,957 



42, 058 
16, 721 
4,377 
2,060 
7,486 
830 
7,757 



581, 836 



+9.4 
+5.3 
+22.2 
+14.3 
+7.1 
+25.6 
+45.0 



+ 12. 



51.7 
20.6 
5.4 
2.5 
9.2 
1.0 
9.5 



1 100. 



Residence (dwelling): 

Night 

Day 

Nonresidence (store, office, etc.): 

Night 

Day 



Larceny— theft (except auto theft, by value): 
TOTAL 



128, 243 
103, 584 



258, 042 



1,265,816 



142, 727 
130, 845 



277, 714 
30, 550 



1, 392, 106 



+ 11.3 
+26.3 



+7.6 
+ 17.1 



+ 10.0 



24.5 
22.5 



47.7 
5.3 



1 100. 



$50 and over. 

$5 to $50 

Under .$5 



357, 087 
691, 705 
217, 024 



Larceny— theft (by type): 
TOTAL 



400, 792 
759, 600 
231,714 



106 



+ 12.2 
+9.8 
+6.8 



+ 10.0 



28.8 
54.6 
16.6 



1 100. 



Pocket-picking 

Purse-snatching 

Shoplifting 

From autos (except accessories). 

Auto accessories 

Bicycles 

From buildings 

From coin operated machines... 
All others 



9,393 

19, 316 

88,854 

247, 903 

255, 619 

188, 556 



Auto theft. 



456, 175 
263. 048 



12, 834 
23, 626 
103. 834 

278, 072 

279, 689 
218, 248 
240, 497 

37, 558 
197, 748 

305, 234 



+36.6 
+22.3 
+16.9 
+12.2 
+9.4 
+15.7 



+4.3 
+16.0 



1.7 

7.5 
20.0 
20.1 
15.7 
17.3 

2.7 
14.2 



$280 



155 
436 
126 
450 
449 
,309 
180 



240 
275 



189 
248 



249 

22 

2 



97 
64 
27 

110 
42 
27 

167 
13 

111 

1,048 



Because of rounding the percentages may not add to precisely 100.0. 

Table 15. — Type and Value of Property Stolen and Recovered, 1964 

[599 cities over 25,000; 1964 estimated population 71,897,000] 



Tvpe of property 


Value of property 


Percent 




Stolen 


Recovered 


recovered 


TOTAL 


$592, 500, 000 


$307, 100, 000 


52 






Currency, notes, etc - 


55, 100, 000 
46, 100, 000 
11,000,000 

22, 000, 000 
319, 100, 000 
139, 200, 000 


6, 000, 000 

3, 300, 000 

500, 000 

2, 100, 000 

273, 600, 000 

21, COO, 000 


11 




7 


Furs .- 


4 


Clothing . --- ... --- 


9 


Locally stolen automobiles - - 


86 




16 







103 



Table 16. — Murder Victims — Weapons Used, 1964 















Weapons 




















Per- 
sonal 












Num- 








Blunt 


weap- 










Age 


ber 


Percent 




Cutting 


object 


ons 






Other 


Un- 








Gun 


or 


(club, 


(stran- 




Explo- 


(drown- 


known 










stab- 


ham- 


gula- 


Poison 


sives 


ings. 


and not 










bing 


mer, 
etc.) 


tions 
and 
beat- 
ings) 






arson, 
etc.) 


stated 


TOTAL 


7,990 




4,393 
55.0 


1,905 
23.8 


426 


800 


11 


8 


247 


200 


Percent 


1 100. 


5.3 


10.0 


.1 


. 1 


3.1 


2.5 


Infant (under 1)- 


135 


1.7 


7 


7 


8 


58 




1 


29 


25 


1-4 


210 
99 
116 

545 
929 
943 
947 

984 
818 
630 
462 

328 
259 
167 
97 

132 


2.6 
1.2 
1.5 

6.8 
11.6 
11.8 
11.9 

12.3 
10.2 
7.9 

5.8 

4.1 
3.2 
2.1 
1.2 

1 7 


32 
34 
56 

325 
580 
612 
605 

559 
457 
341 
246 

167 
120 
66 
41 

37 


14 

7 
26 

140 
237 
229 
235 

256 
224 
170 
113 

75 
59 
32 
17 

19 


15 

4 
5 

21 
22 
24 
35 

52 
39 
34 
25 

29 
33 
21 
13 

32 


71 
13 
6 

33 

45 
47 
44 

91 
72 
63 
65 

50 
39 
36 
17 

34 


2 

1 
3 


1 

1 


43 
30 
10 

11 

28 
15 
15 

12 
15 
9 
6 

3 
2 

2 

5 


32 


5-9 


9 


10-14 


10 


15-19 - - 


15 


20-24 


2 


2 
1 

1 


15 


25-29 


15 


30-34 


11 


35-39 


12 


40-44 


11 


45-49 


1 




12 


50-54 


7 


55-59 






4 


60-64 - 




1 


5 


65-69 




70-74 














5 


Unknown 


189 


2.4 


108 


45 


14 


16 


1 




5 





1 Because of rounding the percentages may not add to precisely 100.0. 

Table 17 .—Murder Victims by Age, Sex and Race, 1964 





Num- 
ber 


Percent 


Sex 


Race 


Age 


IMale 


Female 


White 


Negro 


Indian 


Chinese 


Japa- 
nese 


All others 
(includes 
race un- 
known) 


TOTAL 


7,990 




5,890 
73.7 


2,100 
26.3 


3,563 
44.6 


4,309 
53.9 


49 
.6 


19 
.2 


7 
.1 


43 




1 100. 


. 5 








Infant (under 
1) 


135 

210 

99 

116 

545 
929 
943 
947 

984 
818 
630 
462 

328 

259 

167 

97 

132 
189 


1.7 
2.6 
1.2 
1.5 

6.8 
11.6 
11.8 
11.9 

12.3 
10.2 
7.9 

5.8 

4.1 
3.2 
2.1 
1.2 

1.7 
2.4 


74 
111 

47 
66 

402 
711 
717 
691 

729 
613 
486 
345 

272 
195 
124 
67 

91 
149 


61 
99 
52 
50 

143 
218 
226 
256 

255 
205 
144 
117 

56 
64 
43 
30 

41 
40 


94 
132 
60 
71 

247 
356 
362 
346 

401 
332 

287 
236 

176 
147 
97 
69 

99 
51 


38 
75 
37 
44 

294 

565 
565 
590 

576 
475 
336 
219 

146 
111 
68 
25 

30 
115 








3 


1-4 


1 


14 
6 

5 
5 
3 
2 

2 
1 

1 
1 

1 

4 


I 

1 

I 

1 
1 




1 


5-9 - - 




10-14 






1.5-19 - - - 


2 

1 

1 

1 


2 


20-24 


3 


25-29 


1 


30-34 


1 


35-39 




40-44 


2 


45-49 


3 


50-54 


4 


55-59 





60-64 




65-69 


1 
2 






70-74 






75 and over 




2 


Unknown 






19 











1 Because of rounding the percentages may not add to precisely 100.0. 

101 



Arrest Data 

Annual reports prepared by contributing law enforcement agencies 
giving certain personal characteristics of persons arrested are pre- 
sented in the following tabulations. Arrest rates for all criminal 
acts are shown by population group for cities and for suburban and 
rural areas representing 69 percent of the United States population. 
Trend information is shown for city, suburban and rural areas, as 
well as tabulations by age, sex and race. 

It will be noted that revisions made in this collection which became 
effective with submission of the 1964 annual reports has permitted a 
broader presentation of arrest data this year. The age breakdowns 
have been extended at both the lower and upper limits thus permitting 
a more refined collection of arrests by age, especially in the younger 
age brackets. Also for the first time, arrests of young persons under 
18 are shown by race. In addition, arrest figures are now shown for 
the typical juvenile offenses of runaway, vandalism and curfew and 
loitering law violations. This has brought about a better description 
of a large portion of arrests of persons under 18 formerly tallied in 
the ''all other" category. Several offense classifications have also 
been clarified by subdivision. 

In interpreting arrest information, it should be kept in mind that 
the same person may be arrested several times in a year for the same 
type or different offenses. Each arrest is counted. The arrest of 
one person may clear several crimes and several persons may be 
arrested for one crime. 

Police arrest practices vary widely, particularly with respect to 
juveniles. For the purpose of this Program, law enforcement agencies 
score an arrest when a person is taken into custody for committing 
a specific offense. A juvenile is counted as arrested when he or she 
has committed a crime, and the circumstances are such that if the 
individual were an adult an arrest would have been made. 

Although arrest information is primarily a measure of law enforce- 
ment activity, it provides useful information on characteristics of 
persons arrested for criminal acts. It is also a gauge of criminality 
when used within its limitations, as must be done with all forms of 
criminal statistics, including court and penal. 



105 





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110 



Table 21. — Total Arrests of Persons Under 18, Under 21, and Under 25 Years 

of Age, 1964 

[3,977 agencies; 1964 estimated population 132,439,000] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 
manslaughter 

(6) Manslaughter by negli- 
gence 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary — breaking or entering. _ 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft 

Subtotal for above offenses^ 

Other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, 

etc 

Prostitution and commercialized 

vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape 

and prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic)-.. 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations 
Runaways 



Total 



4, 685, 



6,412 

2,685 
9,450 
39, 134 
79, 895 
187; 000 
358, 569 
97, 356 



780, 501 



191,455 

5,220 

30, 637 

45, 998 



18, 152 
76, 814 

47, 287 

28, 190 

58, 082 

37, 802 

103, 814 

57, 454 

225, 672 

153,829 

, 458, 821 

475, 756 

132, 955 

510, 624 

102, 106 

64, 784 

70. 517 



Number of persons arrested 



Under 
18 



961, 132 



546 

185 
1,776 
10, 790 
11,791 
96, 087 
193, 670 
62. 734 



377. 579 



26, 722 

3, 315 

3,111 

1,323 

193 

6,293 
59, 413 

9,662 

537 

13, 720 

3,305 

2,270 

805 

1,774 

40, 044 

21,918 

75, 300 

9,052 

149, 836 

19, 659 

64, 784 

70. 517 



Under 
21 



1, 421, 606 



1,175 

570 

3,769 

18, 575 

20, 148 

126, 141 

238, 391 

77. 980 



486. 749 



46, 369 
3,730 
7,193 
4,424 

785 



65,311 

16, 431 

3,700 

20, 461 

8, 795 

6, 435 

5,360 

11, 920 

96, 669 

75, 625 

139, 379 

25, 495 

213, 192 

39, 344 

64, 784 

70. 517 



Under 
25 



1, 919, 641 



2,104 

1,030 
5,819 
26, 484 
31, 886 
149, 353 
270, 107 
86, 421 



573. 204 



75, 526 
4,070 
12, 765 
11,360 
2,198 

11, 424 
68, 902 

24, 183 

12, 069 

28, 681 
17, 413 
16, 480 
14, 892 
36,011 
108, 429 
182, 321 
208, 053 
40, 695 
278, 719 
56, 945 
64, 784 
70. 517 



Percentage 



Under 
18 



20.5 



B.5 



18.8 
27.6 
14.8 
51.4 
54.0 
64.4 



48.4 



14.0 
63.5 
10.2 
2.9 
2.2 

34.7 
77.3 

20.4 

L9 

23.6 

8.7 

2.2 

L4 

.8 

26.0 

1.5 

15.8 

6.8 

29.3 

19.3 

100.0 

100.0 



Under 
21 



30.3 



18.3 

21.2 
39.9 

47.5 
25.2 
67.5 
66.5 
80.1 



62.4 



24.2 
71.5 
23.5 
9.6 
9.1 

49.2 
85.0 

34.7 

13.1 

35.2 

23.3 

6.2 

9.3 

5.3 

62.8 

5.2 

29.3 

19.2 

41.8 

38.5 

100.0 

100.0 



Under 
25 



4L0 



32.8 

38.4 
61.6 
67.7 
39.9 
79.9 
75.3 
88.8 



73.4 



39.4 
78.0 
41.7 
24.7 

25.5 

62.9 



51.1 

42.8 

49.4 
46.1 
15.9 
25.9 
16.0 
70.5 
12.5 
43.7 
30.6 
54.6 
55.8 
100.0 
100.0 



111 



Table 22.— Total Arrests, Distribution by Sex, 1964 

[3,977 agencies; 1964 estimated population 132.439,000] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent man- 
slaughter 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence- _.. 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering — 

Larceny— theft- 

Auto theft 

Subtotal for above offenses 

Other assaults - 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement- 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing-- 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc — - 
Prostitution and commercialized vice. 
Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 

prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws. 

Gambling.- 

Offenses against family and children. - 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations-. . 
Runaways 



Total 



4, 685. 080 



6,412 
2,685 
9,450 
39, 134 
79, 895 
187, 000 
358, 569 
97, 356 



rSO, 501 



191,455 

5,220 

30, 637 

45, 998 

8,610 

18, 152 
76, 814 
47, 287 
28, 190 

58, 082 

37, 802 

103, 814 

57, 454 

225, 672 

153, 829 

458, 821 

475, 756 

132,955 

510, 624 

102, 106 

64, 784 

70, 517 



Number 



Male 



5, 268 

2,418 

9,450 

37, 062 

69,018 

180, 153 

285, 705 

93. 241 



682. 315 



171, 906 

4,765 

25, 064 

37, 238 

7,124 

16, 374 

72, 173 

44, 172 

6,191 

49, 041 

32, 492 

95, 264 

52, 118 

210, 871 

135, 001 

1,342,494 

412,080 

120, 876 

437, 501 

91, 147 

52, 484 

39. 408 



Female 



546, 931 



1,144 
267 



2,072 
10, 877 

6.847 
72, 864 

4.115 



98, 186 



19, 549 

455 

5,573 



1,778 

4,641 

3,115 

21, 999 

9,041 

5,310 

8,550 

5, 336 

14,801 

18, 828 

116,327 

63, 676 

12, 079 

73, 123 

10, 959 

12, 300 

31. 109 



Percent 



Total 



100.0 



.1 
.1 

.2 
.8 
L7 
4.0 
7.7 
2.1 



16.7 



4.1 
.1 
.7 

1.0 



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1.6 
1.0 



1.2 

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2.2 

1.2 

4.8 

3.3 

31.1 

10.2 

2.8 

10.9 

2.2 

1.4 

1.5 



Male 
1 100. 



Female 
1 100. 



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.1 
.2 
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L7 
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4.2 
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1.7 
1.1 

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1.2 

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2.3 

1.3 

5.1 

3.3 

32.4 

10.0 

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10.6 

2.2 

1.3 

1.0 



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2.0 

1.3 

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18.0 



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LO 
L6 
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4.0 

1.7 

1.0 

1.6 

1.0 

2. 7 

3^4 

21.3 

11.6 

2.2 

13.4 

2.0 

2.2 

5.7 



Because of rounding, the sum of the individual classifications may not add to precisely 100.0 percent. 



112 



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113 



Table 2i.— Total Arrests by Race, 1964 

[3,940 agencies; 1904 estimated population 117,874,000] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL. 



Criminal homicide: 

(«) Murder and nonnegligent 
manslaughter 

(6) Manslaughter by negli- 
gence 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering... 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft 



Total 



4,381,419 



5,442 

2,427 
8,095 
33, 536 
66, 528 
168, 980 
335, 537 



Subtotal for above offenses... 

Other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiv- 
ing, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, 

etc 

Prostitution and commercialized 

vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape 

and prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and chil- 
dren 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except trafEc).. 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law viola- 
tions 

Runaways 



703, 771 



176, 954 

4,583 

27, 477 

43, 695 

7,840 

14, 308 
69, 695 

43. 528 

24,271 

52, 785 
23. 730 
73, 516 

55. 489 
215.010 
141,868 
1, 440, 585 
407, 422 
129, 729 
486, 115 
101, 467 

63, 528 
69, 053 



Total arrests 



Race 



White 



3, 053, 818 



2,310 

1,925 

4, 321 

15, 061 

30, 839 

113. 624 

232, 134 

63, 345 



463, 559 



108, 319 
3,574 

22, 320 

36, 344 
6,707 

9,246 
56, 032 

21, 588 

11,277 

38, 901 
14. 135 

19, 287 

37, 876 
178, 773 

109, 606 
1, 029, 909 

265, 958 
92. 764 
350, 654 

49, 155 
58, 717 



Negro 



1, 194, 377 



3,041 

472 
3,651 
17,994 
34, 725 
52, 176 
97, 680 
22, 876 



232, 615 



65, 621 
943 

4,788 



4,856 
12,917 

21, 388 

12, 744 

12, 956 
9,277 

51, 238 

16,912 
32, 298 
29, 073 
332, 096 
134, 725 
32, 269 
126, 724 
31, 547 

13, 066 
8,250 



Indian 



9,195 



44 

13 

50 

261 

481 

1,398 

2, 353 

912 



5,512 



1,259 
40 
241 

178 
28 

92 

281 

207 

120 

249 
•69 
37 



2,947 
2,226 
70. 848 



635 



509 
780 



Chinese 



Japanese 



2,488 



19 

13 

142 



29 
136 

59 

32 
145 

20 

22 

29 



3 
2 
20 
20 
192 
251 
83 



26 
14 

21 

61 

34 

427 

13 
132 

35 
436 

73 

82 



102 
53 



All 
others 
(includes 
race un- 
known) 



3.444 



13 

69 

190 

452 

1, 550 

2,931 

968 



6,216 



1,667 

19 

104 

142 

14 

104 
422 

325 

99 



202 
2,385 



211 

821 



7.160 
2,373 



3,657 
141 



674 
1.224 



114 



Table 24. — Total Arrests by Race, 1964 — Continued 





Total 


Arrests under 18 




Race 


Offense charged 


White 


Negro 


Indian 


Chinese 


Japanese 


All 

others 
(includes 
race un- 
known) 


TOTAL 


905, 128 


671,477 


217, 057 


6,450 


332 


696 


9,116 




Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 
manslauglter 


425 

171 

1,464 

8,668 

9,478 

87, 642 

183,025 

57, 833 


192 

147 

643 

3,081 

4,506 

59, 538 

128, 420 

42, 331 


222 

22 

808 
5,507 
4,850 
26, 260 
51,601 
14, 278 


4 




1 
1 


6 


(b) Manslaughter by negli- 
gence 




Forcible rape.-- --- 


5 

32 

40 

611 

921 

371 




8 


Robbery-- . . - .. 


1 

2 

26 

103 

36 


2 

5 

116 

135 

65 


45 


Aggravated assault 


Burglary— breaking or entering. _. 
Larceny — theft - 


1,091 

1, 845 

752 


Auto theft 






Subtotal for above offenses. . 


348, 708 


238, 858 


103. 548 


1,984 


168 


325 


3,823 


Other assaults 


23, 655 
3,003 

2,851 

1,218 

172 

5,299 
54, 438 

8,730 

492 

12, 508 
2,418 
1,767 

762 

1,740 

38, 050 

21, 544 

72, 359 

8,933 

144, 589 

19, 308 

63, 528 
69, 053 


13,951 

2,413 

2,383 

911 

132 

3,650 
45, 410 

5, 429 

236 

9,260 

1, 789 

527 

606 

1,602 

35, 461 

17,908 

52, 866 

5, 750 

110,071 

14,392 

49, 155 

58,717 


9,229 

552 

426 

294 

40 

1,553 

8,472 

3,205 

254 

2,980 

593 

1,064 

152 

95 

1,875 

2,751 

18, 774 

2,904 

32, 144 

4, 836 

13, 066 

8, 250 


96 
22 

15 

5 


4 

4 
3 
4 


15 
2 

1 


360 


Arson - - , 




Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 


23 

4 


Embezzlement . . . . 






Stolen property; buying, receiv- 
ing, possessing ... 


26 
209 

22 


2 
12 

4 


6 
19 

7 

1 

15 
6 
19 


62 




316 
63 


Weapons; carrying, possessing, 
etc 


Prostitution and commercialized 
vice . - - .. 


1 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape 
and prostitution) 


29 
4 


2 


222 


Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling -_- - 


25 
153 


Offenses against family and 
children-- . .. 


3 

25 

483 

736 

365 

39 

1,036 

62 

509 
780 


1 


Driving under the influence -- . 


47 
■ 4 

22 
29 




17 


Liquor laws 


11 
10 

7 

15 
82 


211 
138 


Disorderly conduct 


349 


Vagrancy . . 


219 


All other offenses (except traffic) -- 
Suspicion.— - - .. . 


1,209 
14 


Curfew and loitering law viola- 
tions 


102 
53 


674 




1 224 







115 



Table 24. — Total Arrests hy Race, 1964 — Continued 



Offense charged 



TOTAL. 



Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegli- 
gent manslaughter... 

(6) Manslaughter by negli- 
gence 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft 



Subtotal for above oflfenses. 



Other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiv- 
ing, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, 

etc 

Prostitution and commercialized 

vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape 

and prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and 

children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

D isorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) . 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law viola- 
tions 

Runaways 



Total 



3, 476. 291 



5,017 

2.256 
6,631 
24. 868 
57, 050 
81,338 
152,512 
30. 393 



360, 065 



153. 299 

1.575 

24, 626 

42. 477 

7,668 

9,009 
15,257 

34, 798 

23, 779 

40, 277 
21.312 
71, 749 

54, 727 
213,270 
103,818 
1,419.041 
335. 063 
120, 796 
341, 526 

82, 159 



Arrests 18 and over 



Race 



White 



2, 382, 341 



2,118 

1.778 
3,678 
11,980 
26, 333 
54, 086 
103. 714 
21,014 



224, 701 



94, 368 

1.161 

19, 937 

35, 433 

6,575 

5,596 
10, 622 

16, 159 

11,041 

29,641 
12,346 
18, 760 

37, 270 
177,171 

74, 145 

1,012,001 

213.092 

87,014 
240, 583 

54. 725 



Negro 



977, 320 



2,819 

450 
2.843 
12,487 
29,875 
2.5,916 
46, 079 
8,598 



129, 067 



56, 392 

391 

4,362 

6,691 

1,049 

3,303 

4,445 

18, 183 

12,490 

9,976 

8,684 

50, 174 

16, 760 
32, 203 
27, 198 
329, 345 
115,951 
29,365 
94, 580 
26,711 



Indian 



92, 745 



40 

13 

45 
229 
441 
787 
1,432 
541 



3, 528 



1,163 

18 
226 
173 

28 

66 
72 

185 

120 

220 
65 
37 

465 
2,922 
1,743 
70,112 
3,869 
3, 557 
3,603 

573 



Chinese 



765 



Japanese 



127 



14 

26 

2 

1 
5 

2 

10 

17 

12 

138 

9 
38 
20 
135 
54 
26 



249 



28 
408 

13 
132 

24 
426 

66 

67 
214 



All 

others 

(includes 

race un- 

knoA^Ti) 



21.328 



37 

12 

61 

145 

377 

459 



2,393 



1,307 

4 

81 

138 

14 

42 
106 

262 



377 

177 

2,232 

210 

804 

688 

7,022 

2,031 

767 

2,448 

127 



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119 



Table 27. — City Arrests of Persons Under 18, Under 21, and Under 25 Years of 

Age, 1964 

[3,012 cities over 2,500; 1964 estimated population 99,326,000] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 
manslaughter 

(6) Manslaughter by negli- 
gence 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft 

Autotheft 

Subtotal for above offenses _ 

Other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiv- 
ing, possessing--. 

Vandahsm 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 
Prostitution and commercialized 

vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape 

and prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and chil- 
dren 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic)-- 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law viola- 
tions 

Runaways--. 



Total 



4.155,924 



5,282 

1,909 
7,452 
35,912 
69, 764 
151,862 
315,975 
84, 376 



672. 532 



168, 025 
4,131 
23, 380 
33, 877 
6,436 

15,827 
67, 149 
42, 303 

27. 073 

51,425 
35, 663 
97, 725 

39, 895 
187, 428 
126, 065 
1, 360, 290 
440, 167 
125. 763 
424, 538 

86, 659 

61, 305 

58, 268 



Number of persons arrested 



Under 

18 



848, 760 



463 

132 
1,521 
10,318 
10, 821 
78, 513 
175, 917 
55, 483 



333, 168 



24, 777 

2.806 

2, 557 

1,161 

168 

5, 726 
52, 405 
8,791 

505 

12, 295 
3,084 
2,171 

579 

1,440 

33, 081 

19, 086 

70, 280 

8,506 

128, 298 

18,303 

61, 305 

58, 268 



Under 
21 



1, 237, 668 



381 

3,013 

17,326 

17, 958 

101,451 

212,390 

68. 201 



421. 706 



41, 758 

3,046 

5, 666 

3,449 

605 



56, 947 
14, 766 

3,597 

18, 065 
8,220 
6,113 

3, 937 
9,713 
77, 737 
66, 572 
128, 251 
23, 791 
180, 560 
35, 651 

61, 305 

58, 268 



Under 
25 



1, 669, 142 



1, 756 

702 
4,620 
24, 453 
27, 952 
120, 243 
238, 741 
75. 282 



493. 749 



67, 087 
3,274 
10, 004 

8, 562 
1,684 

10, 030 
59, 968 
21, 642 

11,639 

25. 289 
16, 321 
15, 741 

10, 465 
29, 720 
86, 764 
163, 002 
190, 870 
38, 002 
234, 647 
51, 109 

61, 305 

58, 268 



Percentage 



Under 
18 



20.4 



6.9 
20.4 
28.7 
15. 5 
51.7 
55. 7 
65. 8 



14.7 

67.9 

10.9 

3.4 

2.6 

36.2 
78.0 
20.8 

1.9 

23.9 

8.6 
2.2 

1.5 

.8 

26.2 

1.4 
16.0 

6.8 
30.2 
21.1 

100.0 
100.0 



Under 
21 



29.8 



18.7 

20.0 
40.4 
48.2 
25.7 
66.8 
67.2 
80.8 



62.' 



24.9 
73.7 
24.2 
10.2 
9.4 

50. 2 

84.8 
34.9 

13.3 

35.1 

23.0 

6.3 

9.9 
5.2 
61.7 
4.9 
29.1 
18.9 
42.5 
41.1 

100.0 
100.0 



Under 
25 



40.1 



33.2 

36.8 
62.0 
68.1 
40. 1 
79.2 
75. 6 
89.2 



73.4 



39.9 
79.3 

42.8 
25.3 
26.2 

63.4 
89.3 
51.2 



49.2 
45.8 
16.1 

26.2 
15.9 
68.8 
12.0 
43.4 
30.2 
55. 3 
59.0 

100.0 
100.0 



120 



Table 28. — City Arrests, Distribution by Sex, 1964 

[3,012 cities over 2,500; 1964 estimated population 99,326,000] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent man 

slaughter 

(b) Manslaughter by negligence-- 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary — breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Auto theft—- 

Subtotal for above offenses 

Other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice- 
Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 

prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children.. 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations... 
Runaways- 



Number 



Total 



4,155,924 



5,282 

1,909 

7,452 

35,912 

69, 764 

151,862 

315,975 

84, 376 



672, 532 



168, 025 

4,131 

23, 380 

33,877 

6,436 

15,827 
67, 149 
42, 303 
27, 073 

51,425 

35, 663 

97, 725 

39, 895 

187,428 

126,065 

1,360.290 

440, 167 

125, 763 

424, 538 

86, 659 

61,305 

58, 263 



Male Female 



3, 660, 051 



4,297 
1,703 

7, 452 
34, 007 
59,712 
146, 185 
248, 406 
80, 717 



582, 479 



150, 096 

3,748 
18, 864 
27, 164 

5,282 

14,219 

62, 944 

39,414 

5,900 

43, 126 

30, 642 

89, 619 

35, 388 

174,393 

109, 838 

251,503 

380, 259 

114,236 

361,779 

77, 683 

49, 798 

31,677 



495, 873 



206 



1,905 
10, 052 

5,677 
67, 569 

3, 659 



90, 053 



17,929 

383 

4,516 

6,713 

1, 154 

1,608 

4, 205 

2,889 

21, 173 

8, 299 
5,021 
8, 106 
4, 507 
13,035 
16, 227 
108, 787 
59, 908 
11,527 
62, 759 
8,976 
11,507 
26, 591 



Percent 



Total Male 



100.0 



(2) 



.2 
.9 
1.7 
3.7 
7.6 
2.0 



16.2 



4.0 
.1 



.4 
1.6 
1.0 

.7 

1.2 

.9 

2.4 

1.0 

4.5 

3.0 

32.7 

10.6 

3.0 

10.2 

2.1 

1.5 

1.4 



1 100. 



(2) 



.2 
.9 
1.6 
4.0 
6.8 
2.2 



15.9 



4.1 
.1 
.5 
.7 
.1 

.4 
1.7 
1.1 

.2 

1.2 

.8 
2.4 
1.0 
4.8 
3.0 
34.2 
10.4 
3.1 
9.9 
2.1 
1.4 



Female 



100.0 



(2) 



.4 

2.0 

1.1 

13.6 

.7 



18.2 



3.6 
.1 



1.4 

.2 



.3 



1.7 

1.0 

1.6 

.9 

2.6 

3.3 

21.9 

12.1 

2.3 

12.7 

1.8 

2.3 

5.4 



1 Because of rounding, the sum of the individual classifications may not add to precisely 100.0 percent. 
■ Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 



121 



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122 



Table SO.— City Arrests by Race, 1964 

[2,993 cities over 2,500; 1964 estimated population 90,768,000] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 

manslaughter 

(b) Manslaughter by negli- 

gence 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary — breaking or entering.. 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft 

Subtotal for above offenses. 

Other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiv- 
ing, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, 

etc '..- 

Prostitution and commercialized 

vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape 

and prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and 

children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) . 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law 

violations 

Runaways 



Total 



3, 925, 932 



4,583 

1,844 

6,534 

30. 901 

57, 312 

141,321 

301, 067 

77, 819 



621, 381 



156, 325 
3,815 

21, 532 
32, 484 

5,862 

12, 704 
62, 507 

39, 522 

23, 443 

47, 072 

22, 070 
70, 166 

39,271 
180, 676 
123, 845 
1, 349, 145 
377,291 
122, 843 
409, 543 

86, 140 

60, 187 
58, 108 



Total arrests 



Race 



White 



675, 355 



1,759 

1,416 

3,084 
13, 136 
24, 428 
89, 660 
202, 923 
54, 262 



390, 668 



91,712 
2,882 

17, 061 
25, 878 

4,961 

7,880 
49, 415 

18, 661 

10, 540 

33, 900 
12, 775 
17, 400 

24, 530 
148, 627 

93, 954 
958, 614 
241, 237 

86, 969 
284, 717 

58, 123 

46, 087 

48, 764 



Negro 



137, 244 



2,756 



3,371 
17, 359 
32, 241 
49, 335 
93, 254 
21,936 



220, 660 



62, 201 

878 
4,248 
6,340 

867 

4,674 
12, 513 

20, 386 



12, 357 

9,038 

49, 849 

14, 396 
29, 456 
27, 308 
321,217 
130, 933 
31, 369 
118,042 
27, 346 

12, 944 

7,556 



Indian 



83, 115 



28 

5 
21 

204 
257 
762 
,808 
596 



31 
117 
97 
21 

61 

187 



118 

205 
65 
31 

192 
1,820 
1,835 
62, 376 
3,019 
3,455 
3,282 

522 

395 
559 



Chinese 



1,025 



2 

10 

11 

37 

179 



279 



18 

10 

141 

8 
32 
28 

136 
41 
32 

135 
20 

21 
26 



Japanese 



3 
2 
20 
20 

186 
228 
81 



543 



55 

33 

415 

13 

125 
33 

429 
65 
78 

270 
7 



All 
others 
(includes 
race un- 
known) 



26, 824 



36 

12 

54 

172 

355 

1,341 

2,675 

905 



5,550 



1,461 
17 

85 

126 

11 

79 
352 

278 



537 

149 

2,330 

132 

616 

687 

6,373 

1,996 

940 

3,097 

122 

643 
1,150 



123 



Table 30. — City Arrests by Race, 1964 — Continued 









Arrests 


under 18 










Total 


Race 


Offense charged 


White 


Negro 


Indian 


Chinese 


Japanese 


All 
others 
(includes 
race un- 
known) 


TOTAL 


811,819 


688, 585 


209, 396 


4,552 


322 


646 


8,318 


Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 

manslaughter 

(b) Manslaughter by negli- 

gence 


369 

129 

1,276 

8,271 

8.606 

73, 978 

168. 971 

52, 113 


153 

108 

490 

2,808 

3,865 

47, 516 

116, 292 

37, 169 


206 

19 
775 
5,390 
4,651 
25, 054 
49, 976 
13, 875 


3 




1 
1 


6 
1 


Forcible rape 


4 

25 

21 

319 

766 

255 




7 




1 

2 

24 

103 

34 


2 

5 
110 

128 
63 


45 


\^ravated assault 


62 


Burglary— breaking or entering.-- 
Larceny — theft 


955 
1,706 


Auto theft 


717 






Subtotal for above offenses- - 


313, 713 


208, 401 


99, 946 


1,393 


164 


310 


3, 499 




21, 967 

2,654 

2,367 

1,095 

156 

4,941 
49, 165 

7,993 

471 

11,312 
2,228 
1,690 

564 

1,430 

33, 004 

18, 940 

67, 775 

8,412 

125, 661 

17,986 

60, 187 
58, 108 


12, 516 

2.082 

1,955 

800 

118 

3,335 
40, 564 

4,799 

220 

8,188 
1,612 

487 

438 
1,316 
30, 637 
15, 709 
48, 910 
5,303 
93, 150 
13, 194 

46, 087 
48, 764 


9,023 
532 
384 

287 
38 

1,524 
8.186 

3,108 

249 

2,884 

588 

1,027 

122 

88 
1,811 
2,616 

18, 267 
2,843 

30, 635 
4,738 

12, 944 
7,556 


69 

21 

6 

2 


4 
4 
3 
4 


15 
2 


340 


\rson 


13 


Forgery and counterfeiting 


19 


Fraud - 




2 


Embezzlement 






Stolen property; buying, receiv- 
ing, possessing 


26 
132 

16 


2 
12 

4 


6 
16 

7 

1 

9 
5 
19 


48 


Vandalism 


255 


Weapons; carrying, possessing, 
etc 


59 


Prostitution and commercialized 


1 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape 
and prostitution) - 


26 
4 


2 

1 
4 


203 


Narcotic drug laws 


18 


Gambling 


153 


Offenses against family and 
children - - 


3 

14 
373 

486 
270 

32 
687 

38 

395 
559 


1 


Driving under the influence 


1 

8 
1 
5 
6 
46 
4 

21 
26 




11 


Liquor laws--. . . 


9 
6 
5 
14 
72 


166 




122 


Disorderly conduct 


318 


Vagrancv . . 


214 


All other offenses (except traffic).. 
Suspicion .... 


1,071 
12 


Curfew and loitering law viola- 


97 
53 


643 


Runaways 


1, 150 







124 



Table 30. — City Arrests by Race, 1964 — Continued 



Offense charged 



TOTAL. 



Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonneghgent 
manslaughter 

(6) Manslaughter by negli- 
gence 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering... 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft 



Subtotal for above offenses. 



Other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiv- 
ing, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, 

etc 

Prostitution and commercialized 

vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape 

and prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and chil- 
dren 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic). 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law viola- 
tions 

Runaways 



Total 



114,113 



4,214 

1,715 
5,258 
22, 630 
48, 706 
67, 343 
132, 096 
25, 706 



307, 668 



134,358 

1,161 

19, 165 

31,389 

5,706 

7,763 
13, 342 

31, 529 

22, 972 

35, 760 
19, 842 
68, 476 

38, 707 
179, 246 

90, 841 
330, 205 
309, 516 
114,431 
283, 882 

68, 154 



Arrests 18 and Over 



Race 



White 



2, 086, 770 



1,606 

1,308 
2,594 
10, 328 
20, 563 
42, 144 
86, 631 
17,093 



182, 267 



79, 196 

800 

15,106 

25, 078 

4,843 

4,545 
8,851 

13, 862 

10, 320 

25,712 
11,163 
16,913 

24, 092 
147,311 

63, 317 
942, 905 
192, 327 

81, 666 
191,567 

44, 929 



Negro 



927. 848 



2,550 



2,596 
11,969 
27, 590 
24, 281 
43, 278 

8, 061 



120, 714 



53, 178 

346 

3,864 

6, 053 

829 

3,150 
4,327 

17, 278 

12,417 

9,473 

8, 450 

48, 822 

14, 274 
29, 368 
25, 497 
318,601 
112,666 
28, 526 
87, 407 
22, 608 



Indian 



78, 563 



25 

5 
17 
179 
236 
443 
1,042 
341 



80G 
10 

111 
95 
21 

35 

55 

161 



179 
61 
31 



189 
1,806 
1,462 
61,890 
2,749 
3,423 
2, 595 

484 



Chinese 



Japanese 



703 



115 



5 

16 

9 

137 



31 
20 
135 
36 
26 
89 
16 



1,723 



2 
2 
18 
15 
76 
100 
18 



233 



15 


48 




1 


12 


6 


23 


16 


2 





28 
396 

13 
125 

24 
423 



All 
others 
(includes 
race un- 
known) 



18, 506 



11 
47 
127 
293 
386 
969 
188 



2,051 



1,121 



124 
11 



219 

92 

334 

131 

2,177 



131 

605 

521 
6,251 
1,678 

726 
2,026 

110 



125 



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128 



Table 33. — Suburban Arrests of Persons Under 18, Under 21, and Under 25 

Years of Age, 1964 

[1,468 agencies; 19G4 estimated population 31,082,0 00] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent man- 

slaughter 

(b) Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Auto theft 

Subtotal for above ofTenses 

Other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, pos- 
sessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice..- 
Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 

prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Runaways 



Total 



749 

624 

1,554 

4,018 

10, 084 

33, 945 

71, 193 

17, 584 



139, 751 



31.304 
1,132 
5,210 
9.819 
1,535 

2,775 
18,815 



9,013 

3,060 

4,380 

13, 566 

46. 027 

29, 082 

127, 772 

69, 201 

9.597 

105. 782 

22, 709 

14, 140 

17,071 



Number of persons arrested 



Under 
18 



52 

48 

231 

826 

1,530 

18, 997 

41,500 

11,685 



74, 869 



4,166 
793 
499 
250 

28 

1,146 

16, 435 

1,819 

20 

2, 681 

428 

227 

260 

414 

10, 883 

5,041 

16, 538 

822 

36, 588 

3,877 

14, 140 

17,071 



Under 
21 



129 

145 

640 

1,795 

2,809 

24, 668 

50, 719 

14,516 



95, 421 



7,653 
884 

1,178 
843 
151 

1,635 
17, 593 
2,810 



3, 839 

1,060 

442 

1,167 

2,669 

23, 137 

13, 081 

28, 495 

2,525 

50, 408 

8,003 

14. 140 

17, 071 



Under 

25 



370, 690 



230 

254 

1,018 

2,685 

4,460 

28, 655 

56, 549 

15, 895 



109, 746 



12. 459 

941 

2, 135 

2,230 

389 

2,013 

18,097 

3,796 

356 

5,104 
1,854 
852 
3,390 
7,781 

24, 995 

25, 553 
39, 308 

3,781 
63, 375 
11,324 
14, 140 
17,071 



Percentage 



Under 

18 



30. 



6.9 
7.7 
14.9 
20.6 
15.2 
56.0 
58.3 
66.5 



53.6 



13.3 
70.1 
9.6 

2.5 
1.8 

41.3 

87.4 

29.2 

2.4 

29.7 

14.0 

5.2 

1.9 

.9 

37.4 

3.9 

23.9 

8.6 

34.6 

17.1 

100.0 

100.0 



Under 
21 



42.7 



17.2 
23.2 
41.2 
44.7 
27.9 
72.7 
71.2 
82.6 



68.3 



24.4 

78.1 

22.6 

8.6 

9.8 

58.9 
93.5 
45.1 
10.5 

42.6 

34.6 

10.1 

8.6 

5.8 

79.6 

10.2 

41.2 

26.3 

47.7 

3.5.2 

100.0 

lOO.O 



Under 
25 



30.7 
40.7 
65.5 
66.8 
44.2 
84.4 
79.4 
90.4 



78.5 



83.1 
41.0 
22.7 
25.3 

72.5 
96.2 
61.0 
42.6 

56.6 
60.6 
19.5 
25.0 
16.9 
85.9 
20.0 
56.8 
39.4 
59.9 
49.9 
100.0 
100.0 



129 



Table 34. — Suburban Arrests, Distribution by Sex, 1964 

[1,468 agencies; 1964 estimated population 31,082,000] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL -- 

Criminal homicide: 

(o) Murder and nonnegligent man 
slaughter 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft 

Subtotal for above offenses 

Other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice__ 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitu 

tion) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Runaways 



Number 



Total 



688, 805 



749 

624 

1,554 

4,018 

10, 084 

33, 945 

71, 193 

17, 584 



139, 751 



31, 304 
1,132 
5,210 
9,819 
1,535 
2,775 

18,815 

6,228 

836 

9,013 

3,060 

4,380 

13, 566 

46, 027 

29, 082 

127, 772 

69, 201 

9,597 

105, 782 

22, 709 

14, 140 

17, 071 



Male Female 



609, 779 



619 

549 

1, 554 

3,840 

9,148 

32, 728 

57, 471 

16, 935 



122. 844 



28, 851 
1,062 
4,227 
7,826 
1,261 
2,536 

17, 934 

5, 940 

213 

7,920 
2,682 
3,982 
12, 783 
42,909 
26, 143 
117,042 
61, 644 
8,924 
91,400 
20, 039 
11,391 
10, 226 



79, 026 



178 

936 

1,217 

13, 722 

649 



16, 907 



2,453 

70 

983 

1,993 
274 
239 
881 
288 
623 

1,093 



783 
3,118 
2,939 

10, 730 

7,557 

673 

14, 382 
2,670 
2,749 
6, 845 



Percent 



Total 



1 100. 



.1 

.1 

.2 

.6 

1.5 

4.9 

10.3 

2.6 



20.; 



4.5 
.2 
.8 

1.4 
.2 
.4 

2.7 
.9 
.1 



2.0 
6.7 
4.2 
18.5 
10.0 
1.4 
15.4 
3.3 
2.1 
2.5 



Male Female 



100.0 



.6 
1.5 
5.4 
9.4 

2.8 



20.1 



4.7 
.2 
.7 

1.3 
.2 
.4 

2.9 

1.0 

1.3 

.4 

2^1 

7.0 

4.3 

19.2 

10.1 

1.5 

15.0 

3.3 

1.9 

1.7 



100.0 



1.2 

1.5 

17.4 



3.1 
.1 

1.2 

2.5 
.3 
.3 

1.1 
.4 
.8 

1.4 

.5 

.5 

1.0 

3.9 

3.7 

13.6 



18.2 
3.4 
3.5 



1 Because of rounding, the sum of the individual classifications may not add to precisely 100.0 percent. 

2 Less than one-tenth of one percent. 



130 



Table 35.— Suburban Arrests by Race, 1964 

[1,457 agencies', 1964 estimated population 30.274,000] 









Total Arrests 






Total 


Race 


Offense charged 


White 


Negro 


Indian 


Chinese 


Japanese 


All 
others 
(includes 
race un- 
known) 


TOTAL 


669, 469 


674, 819 


85, 899 


6,713 


124 


160 


2,764 




Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 
manslaughter . . . . _ 


716 

613 

1,476 

3,927 

9,798 

32, 976 

68, 976 

17, 331 

135, 813 


448 

531 

1,108 

2,891 

7, 026 

28, 418 

58, 820 

15, 084 


261 

76 

347 

997 

2,653 

4,261 

9,634 

2, 057 


3 

3 

7 

13 

30 

130 

237 

112 






4 


(b) Manslaughter by negligence 


1 




2 


Forcible rape . 




14 


Robbery . . . 






26 






2 
16 
22 

6 


87 


Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft - _ . 


11 

23 

2 


140 
240 


Auto theft 


70 






Subtotal for above offenses 


114, 326 


20, 286 


535 


37 


46 


583 


Other assaults . .. _ . 


30, 134 
1,091 
6,029 
9,432 
1,633 

2,725 

18, 242 

6,060 

826 

8,768 
3,028 
4,166 

13, 088 
46, 239 
27, 964 

123, 193 

67, 376 

9,424 

102, 778 
22, 616 

14, 076 
16, 889 


24, 513 
995 

4,494 
8,675 
1,331 

2,313 

17, 112 

4, 505 

713 

7,892 
2,587 
2,155 
10, 700 
40, 955 

25, 958 
104, 786 

56, 487 
7,748 
90, 250 
17, 173 
13, 435 
15, 716 


5,399 
94 
507 
714 
200 

400 
1, 069 
1,487 

101 

804 

364 

1,997 

2,251 

3,720 

1,669 

14,528 

10, 389 

1,556 

11,436 

5,384 

538 

1,006 


113 

1 

14 

32 


1 
1 
2 


5 


103 






Forgery and counterfeiting - - 




12 


Fraud . 


1 


10 






2 


Stolen property; buying, receiving, 


7 
22 
13 

2 

18 

3 

3 

82 

370 

185 

3,253 

210 

90 

623 

39 

26 

72 






5 


Vandalism 


2 
.. 

1 

3 

1 

1 

8 

3 

6 
25 

2 
16 

2 

3 

5 




37 


Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice- 


2 


43 

5 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 
prostitution) 




2 

1 

"-'-'-'2 
11 

5 
49 
11 
2 
14 
1 
4 
4 


41 




70 


Gambling . . . 


10 


Offenses against family and children,. 


52 
175 




144 


Drunkenness _....-- 


571 




253 


Vagrancy -_--.. 


26 


All other offenses (except traffic) 


439 
17 


Curfew and loitering law violations. __ 


70 

86 







131 



Table 35. — Suburban Arrests by Race, . 


r964— Continued 






Arrests Under 18 




Total 


Race 


Offense charged 


White 


Negro 


Indian 


Chinese 


Japanese 


All 

others 

(includes 

race im- 

known) 


TOTAL 


204, 461 


185, 472 


17, 575 


646 


37 


42 


689 






Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 


48 

47 

216 

791 

1,503 

18, 351 

40, 131 

11,513 

72, 600 


38 

37 

160 

512 

1,123 

16,191 

35, 145 

10, 243 


10 

9 

55 

275 

362 

2,014 

4,766 

1,172 










(6) Manslaughter by negligence. - 








1 








1 


Rnhbprv 


1 

2 

61 

94 

48 






3 








16 


Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft - . - 


2 


8 
7 
4 


70 
112 


Autotheft - - ------ 


44 






Subtotal for above offenses 


63, 449 


8,663 


206 


16 


19 


247 




4,031 
769 
474 
231 

28 

1,132 

15,981 

1,796 

18 

2,595 

417 

215 

261 

408 

10, 731 

4,878 

16, 245 

805 

36, 041 

3,840 

14, 076 

16, 889 


3, 438 

722 

427 

202 

26 

973 

15, 084 

1,582 

15 

2,380 
385 
157 
227 
395 
10, 435 

4,619 

14, 480 
632 

33. 158 
3, 535 
13, 435 

15, 716 


569 

45 

43 

27 

2 

154 

846 

210 

3 

211 

24 

58 

31 

9 

193 

165 

1,715 

168 

2,597 

298 

538 

1,006 


11 
1 
2 
2 


1 
1 


1 


11 










2 










"R m 1-IP7 7 Ipm en t 








Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

nn'^sPssinB' 


2 
19 

1 






3 




2 




30 


Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc,— - 


1 


2 






Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 
prostitution) 


2 




1 


1 


"NTi^rrotiP f\rMP^ laxr«; 




8 












Offenses against family and children-. 

TJrivintT iinHpr thp inflnpnpp 


3 
3 

53 

68 

17 

3 

148 

26 
72 












1 




1 


2 


47 


T)rnnlrPnnp<;<; 


26 


Disorderly conduct 


1 


1 


31 


Vagrancy 


2 


All other offenses (except traffic) 


' 


9 


122 


Curfew and loitering law violations. __ 
Runaways .____- _---. 


3 

5 


4 
4 


70 

86 







132 



Table 35. — Suburban Arrests by Race 


, 1964 — Continued 






Arrests 18 and Over 




Total 
465, 008 


Race 


Offense charged 


White 


Negro 


Indian 


Chinese 


Japanese 


All 
others 
(includes 
race un- 
known) 


TOTAL 


389, 347 


68, 324 


5,067 


87 


118 


2,065 




Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 
manslaughter . . 


668 

566 

1,260 

3,136 

8,295 

14, 625 

28, 845 

5,818 


410 

494 

948 

2,379 

5,903 

12, 227 

23, 675 

4,841 


251 
67 

292 

722 
2,291 
2,247 
4,868 

885 


3 
3 

7 
12 
28 
69 
143 
64 






4 


(6) Manslaughter by negligence.- 


1 




1 


Forcible rape -_._ _. 




13 


Robbery 






23 




4 
16 


2 

8 
15 
2 




Burglary— breaking or entering.. _ 

Larceny — theft 


70 
128 
26 


Autotheft ... - - - ... -- 








Subtotal for above offenses 


63, 213 


50, 877 


11, 623 


329 


21 


27 


336 


Other assaults . - .. . 


26, 103 

822 

4,555 

9,201 

1,505 

1,593 

2,261 

4,254 

808 

6,163 
2,611 
3,951 
12, 827 
44, 831 

17, 233 
118,315 

51, 130 

8,619 

66, 737 

18, 776 


21,075 

273 

4,067 

8,473 

1, 305 

1,340 

2,028 

2,923 

698 

5,512 

2,202 

1,998 

10, 473 

40, 560 

15, 523 

100, 167 

42, 007 

7,116 

57, 092 

13, 638 


4,830 

49 

464 

687 

198 

246 

223 

1,277 

98 

593 
340 
1, 939 
2,220 
3,711 
1,476 
14, 363 
8,674 
1,388 
8,839 
5,086 


102 




4 


92 


Arson . .. . . . . 






Forgery and counterfei ting .. 


12 
30 


2 




10 


Fraud .. ... .... .._ 


1 


10 


Embezzlement . . . . .. 




2 


Stolen property; buying, receiving, 
possessing-- . . .. . 


5 
3 
12 
2 

16 
3 
3 

79 

367 

132 

3,185 

193 

87 
475 

32 






2 








7 


Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 




1 


41 


Prostitution and commercialized vice. 


5 

1 
3 
1 
1 
8 
2 
6 
24 
2 
9 
2 


5 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 
prostitution) 


1 
1 


40 




62 


Gambling.- -- - 


10 


Offenses against family and children.. 
Driving under the influence 


2 
11 

3 
49 
10 

2 

5 

1 


52 
174 
97 


Drunkenness. 


545 
222 


Vagrancy... 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations 


24 

317 

17 


Runaways . - . _ - . 

































T77-528' 



133 



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136 



Table 38. — Rural Arrests of Persons Under 18, Under 21, and Under 25 Years 

of Age, 1964 



[830 agencies; 1964 estimated population 20,773,000] 








Total 


Number of persons arrested 


Percentage 


Offense charged 


Under 
18 


Under 
21 


Under 
25 


Under 
18 


Under 
21 


Under 
25 


TOTAL 


307, 203 


57, 187 


102,317 


143,361 


18.6 


33.3 


46 7 






Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 
manslaughter 


690 

515 

1,124 

1,589 

5.659 

21,692 

22, 631 

7,658 


51 

34 

135 

215 

449 

10, 197 

8,010 

4,008 


115 

119 

407 

584 

1,160 

14, 977 

13, 078 

5,615 


206 

210 

640 

986 

2,198 

17, 855 

16, 386 

6,501 


7.4 
6.6 
12.0 
13.5 
7.9 
47.0 
35.4 
52.3 


16.7 
23.1 
36.2 
36.8 
20.5 
69.0 
57.8 
73.3 


29 9 


(b) Manslaughter by negligence.- 
Forcible rape 


40.8 
56 9 




62 1 


Aggravated assault 


38 8 


Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft 


82.3 
72.4 
84 9 






Subtotal for above offenses 


61, 558 


23, 099 


36, 055 


44, 982 


37.5 


58.6 


73.1 


Other assaults 


12,391 
699 
4,784 
7,344 
1,226 

1,543 

5,527 

2,788 

507 

3,313 

830 

3,938 

8,813 

25,711 

20, 342 

62, 791 

20, 957 

4,053 

46, 329 

3,405 

2,081 

6,273 


796 

300 

374 

74 

14 

389 

3,735 

356 

21 

641 
94 
52 

101 

259 
4,909 
1,636 
2,070 

283 
8,856 

774 
2,081 
6,273 


2,309 
425 

1,043 
581 
95 

672 

4,731 

808 

46 

1,133 

229 

163 

763 

1,614 

13, 942 

5,748 

5,704 

760 

15, 659 

1,483 

2,081 

6,273 


4,486 

501 

1,820 

1,766 

271 

945 
5,116 
1,324 

170 

1,640 

419 

371 

2,369 

4,441 

16, 107 

12, 953 

9,429 

1, 205 

22, 601 

2,091 

2,081 

6,273 


6.4 
42.9 
7.8 
1.0 
1.1 

25.2 
67.6 
12.8 
4.1 

19.3 

11.3 

1.3 

1.1 

1.0 

24.1 

2.6 

9.9 

7.0 

19.1 

22.7 

100. 

100.0 


18.6 

60.8 

21.8 

7.9 

7.7 

43.6 

85.6 

29.0 

9.1 

34.2 

27.6 

4.1 

8.7 

6.3 

68.5 

9.2 

27.2 

18.8 

33.8 

43.6 

100.0 

100.0 


36 2 




71.7 


Forgery and counterfeiting 


38 


Fraud 


24 




22 1 


Stolen property; buying, receiving. 


61.2 


Vandalism 


92 6 


Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice- 
Sex ofTenses (except forcible rape and 
prostitution) 


47.5 
33.5 

49 5 


Narcotic drug laws . 


50.5 


Gambling 


9 4 


Offenses against family and children- 
Driving under the influence 


26.9 
17 3 




79.2 


Drunkenness 


20.6 


Disorderly conduct ... .... 


45.0 


Vagrancy 


29.7 


All other ofTenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion.. 


48.8 
61. 4 


Curfew and loitering law violations... 
Runaways. 


100.0 
100.0 







137 



Table 39.-f-Rural Arrests, Distribution by Sex, 1964 

[830 agencies; 1964 estimated population 20,773,000] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent man- 
slaughter 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft 

Subtotal for above offenses 

Other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prosti- 
tution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Runaways 



Number 



Total Male Female 



307, 203 



515 
1,124 
1,589 
5,659 
21, 692 
22,631 
7,658 



61, 558 



12,391 
699 
4,784 
7,344 
1,226 
1,543 
5,527 
2,788 
507 

3,313 

830 

3,938 

8,813 

25,711 

20, 342 

62, 791 

20, 957 

4,053 

46, 329 

3,405 

2,081 

6,273 



283, 500 



482 
1,124 
1,497 
5,308 
21, 070 
21, 140 
7,373 



58, 603 



11,632 
654 
4,162 
6,207 
1,050 
1,464 
5,279 
2,666 
153 

2,982 

726 

3,700 

8,352 

24, 720 

18, 655 

58, 847 

19, 109 

3,770 

41, 908 

3,133 

1,621 

4,107 



23, 703 



92 

351 

622 

1,491 

285 



2,955 



759 
45 
622 
1,137 
176 
79 
248 
122 
354 

331 
104 
238 
461 
991 
1,687 



3,944 

1,848 
283 

4,421 
272 
460 

2.166 



Percent 



Total Male Female 



1 100. 



.2 
.4 
.5 
1.8 
7.1 
7.4 
2.5 



20.0 



4.0 
.2 

1.6 

2.4 
.4 
.5 

1.8 



1.1 
.3 
1.3 
2.9 
8.4 
6.6 

20.4 
6.8 
1.3 

15.1 

1.1 

.7 

2.0 



1 100. 



.2 
.2 

.4 
.5 
1.9 
7.4 
7.5 
2.6 



20.7 



4.1 
.2 

1.5 

2.2 
.4 
.5 

1.9 
.9 
.1 

1.1 

.3 
1.3 
2.9 
8.7 
6.6 

20.8 
6.7 
1.3 

14.8 
1.1 
.6 
1.4 



1 100. 



.4 
1.5 
2.6 



12.5 



3.2 
.2 

2.6 

4.8 
.7 
.3 

1.0 
.5 

1.5 

1.4 
.4 
1.0 
1.9 
4.2 
7.1 

16.6 
7.8 
1.2 

18.7 
1.1 
1.9 
9.1 



Because of rounding, the sum of the individual classifications may not add to precisely 100.0 percent. 



138 



Table 40. — Rural Arrests by Race, 1964 

[818 agencies; 1964 estimated population 15,524,000] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 

manslaughter 

(b) Manslaughter by negligence- 
Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft 

Subtotal for above offenses 

Other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc.— 
Prostitution and commercialized vice 
Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 

prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambhng 

Offenses against family and children. 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness. 

Disorderly conduct. 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations.. 
Runaways 



Total Arrests 



Total 



248, 955 



334 

755 

1,088 

4,937 

15,052 

16, 503 

5,263 



44, 381 



10, 719 

417 

3,647 

6,758 

1,031 

861 
3,550 
1,978 

226 

2,601 

387 

1,361 

7,918 

22, 409 

11,646 

59, 113 

17, 082 

3,897 

38, 513 

3,354 

1,956 

5,150 



Race 



White 



209, 476 



29fi 

635 

833 

3,447 

13, 266 

14, 442 
4,605 



37, 822 



8,362 

386 

3,236 

6,391 

962 

722 
3,341 
1,501 

186 

2,359 

335 

929 

6,873 

19, 905 

10, 169 

45, 463 

13, 667 

3,467 

33, 825 

2,992 

1,783 

4,800 



Negro 



705 



131 

31 

92 

200 

1,227 

1,091 

1,407 

848 



4,527 



1,853 

20 

283 

292 

59 

87 

74 

423 

38 

164 
46 

364 

801 
1,380 
1,011 
5,364 
1,963 

268 
3,257 

252 
48 

131 



Indian 



14, 218 



23 
50 
212 
561 
460 
272 



1,599 



343 

9 

116 

60 

7 

28 
86 

28 
1 

29 
3 
3 

208 

996 

330 

7,673 

1,158 

126 

1,022 

92 

111 

190 



Chinese 



Japanese 



All 
others 
(includes 
race un- 
known) 



2,445 



5 

1 

5 

5 

51 

128 

181 

36 



157 
2 
10 
12 
3 

24 
46 
26 

1 

43 

2 

52 

36 

117 

135 

608 

290 

33 

381 

18 

10 

27 



139 



Table 40. — Rural Arrests by Race, 1964 — Continued 





Arrests under 18 




Total 


Race 


Offense charged 


White 


Negro 


Indian 


Chinese 


Japanese 


All 
others 
(includes 
race un- 
known) 


TOTAL - 


41, 852 


37, 923 


1,802 


1.581 


2 


41 


503 






Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 


27 

24 

79 

172 

369 

6,871 

5,530 

2,607 


18 

24 

73 

140 

289 

6,148 

5, 006 

2,377 


8 


1 








(b) ISIanslaughter bv neghgence 








Forcible rape 


4 

26 

54 

367 

291 

114 


1 

6 

17 

259 

121 

100 






1 


Robbery -- - - .. . _ . 














9 


Burglary — breaking or entering 




5 
5 
1 


92 




107 


\uto theft 




15 










15, 679 


14, 075 


864 


505 




11 


224 










655 

168 

321 

53 

5 

194 

2,381 

247 

10 

492 

74 

44 

72 

239 

3,117 

1,531 

1,844 

275 

6,590 

755 

1,956 

5,150 


532 
160 

285 

48 

5 

171 

2,235 

215 

8 

443 

71 

24 

66 

217 

2,963 

1,242 

1,613 

246 

6,042 

679 

1,783 

4,800 


90 

5 

25 

2 


20 

1 

7 
1 






13 


A.rson - - 






2 


Forgery and counterfeiting 




1 


3 


Fraud - . . . 




2 


Embezzlement 








Stolen property; buying, receiying. 
possessing - - 


10 

33 

23 

2 

23 








13 




70 
6 




3 


40 


Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc..-- 
Prostitution and commercialized yice 




3 








Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 
prostitution) 


1 




6 

1 


19 






2 




20 

6 

6 

31 

67 

126 
17 

217 
56 
48 

131 








Offenses against family and children. _ 










11 

96 
214 

93 

6 

231 

18 
111 
190 






5 


Liquor laws 




1 

4 

1 
1 
8 


26 






4 


Disorderly conduct 




11 






5 


All other offenses (except traffic) 




92 


Suspicion 




9 






4 


10 


Runaways 


2 


27 









140 



Table 40. — Rural Arrests by Race, 1964 — Continued 



Offense charged 



TOTAL. 



Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 
manslaughter 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence.. 

Forcible rape. 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary — breaking or entering. 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft 



Subtotal for above ofEenses. 



Other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting. 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 
Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 

prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambhng 

Offenses against family and children. 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations.. 
Runaways 



Arrests 18 and over 



Total 



207, 103 



422 

310 

676 

916 

4,568 

8,181 

10, 973 

2,656 

28. 702 



10, 064 

249 

3,326 

6,705 

1,026 

667 
1,169 
1,731 



313 
1,317 
7,846 

22, 170 
8,529 

57, 582 

15,238 
3,622 

31, 923 
2.599 



Race 



White 



171, 553 



280 
272 
562 
693 

3, 158 
7,118 
9,436 
2,228 



23. 747 



7,830 

226 

2, 951 

6.343 



551 
1,106 
1,286 

178 

1, 916 
264 
905 

6,807 
19, 688 

7, 206 
44, 221 
12, 054 

3,221 
27, 783 

2.313 



Negro 



123 
31 

88 
174 

1, 173 
724 

1,116 
234 



3,663 



1,763 

15 

258 

290 

59 

77 
41 
400 



141 
46 

344 

795 
1,374 

980 
5,297 
1,837 

251 
3,040 

196 



Indian 



12, 637 



22 
44 
195 
302 
339 
172 



1,094 



323 



28 
16 
22 

1 

28 

3 

3 

208 

985 

234 

7,459 

1,065 

120 

791 

74 



Chinese 



Japanese 



All 
others 
(includes 
race un- 
known) 



1.942 



188 



144 



52 

36 
112 
109 
604 
279 

28 
289 

16 



141 



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142 



Police Employee Data 

Tables in the following section relate to police personnel. Figures 
which are presented in the tables on full-time police officers and civilian 
employees are based on national averages. These figures are not to 
be construed as representing recommended or desirable police strength. 
Each community must evaluate the numerous factors which affect its 
police requirements before arriving at a conclusion as to local police 
needs. Rate ranges are provided as supplemental data for those 
interested in using these figures to make limited comparisons. 

Police killed and assaulted tables are prepared from figures sub- 
mitted in this Program as a part of the annual collection. Supple- 
mental data relating to police killed are obtained by means of a special 
questionnaire. Additional details regarding police deaths derived 
from this survey are presented earlier in this bulletin. 



143 



Table 42. — Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1964, 
Num^ber and Rate per 1,000 Inhabitants, by Geographic Divisions and 
Population Groups 

[1964 estimated population] 





TOTAL 


Population group 


















(3.570 


Group I 


Group II 


Group III 


Group IV 


Group V 


Group VI 


Geographic division 


cities; 


(.53 cities 


(87 cities. 


(207 cities. 


(380 cities. 


(973 cities. 


(1,870 




population 


over 


100,000 to 


50,000 to 


25,000 to 


10,000 to 


cities under 




106,358,000) 


250,000; 


250,000; 


100,000; 


50,000; 


25,000; 


10,000; 






population 


population 


population 


population 


population 


population 






41,133,000) 


12,682,000) 


14,330,000) 


13,284,000) 


15,082,000) 


9,847,000) 


TOTAL: 3,570 cities; 
















population 106,358,000: 
















Number of police 
















employees 


202. 189 


105. 502 


20. 937 


21.275 


19,261 


20. 973 


14,241 


Average number of 
















employees per 
















1,000 inhabitants- 


1.9 


2.6 


1.7 


1.5 


1.4 


1.4 


1.4 


Rate range 


0. 1-9. 3 


1. 1-4. 


0. 9-2. 8 


0. 5-3. 7 


0. 2-3. 5 


0. 1-5. 1 


0. 1-9. 3 






New England: 326 cities ; 
















population 7,830,000: 
















Number of police 
















employees 


14, 656 


2,775 


2,906 


3.223 


2,409 


2.413 


930 


Average number of 
















emplovees per 
















1,000 inhabitants. 


1.9 


4.0 


2.4 


1.7 


1.6 


1.3 


1.3 


Rate range 


0. 1-4. 


(') 


2. 1-2. 8 


1.0-2.6 


1.0-2.6 


. 1-2. 8 


. 2-3. 8 


Middle Atlantic: 768 
















cities; population 
















24,568,000: 
















Number of police 
















employees 


59, 379 


39, 982 


3.182 


3,930 


4. 060 


5.126 


3,099 


Average number of 
















employees per 
















1,000 inhabitants- 


2.4 


3.3 


2.0 


1.6 


1.6 


1.4 


1.4 


Rate range 


0. 1-5. 4 


2. 0-4. 


1. 4-2. 4 


. 5-3. 7 


. 6-3. 3 


. 3-5. 1 


. 1-5. 4 


East North Central: 
















786 cities; population 
















22,946,000: 
















Number of police 
















employees 


43, 465 


24, 718 


3,511 


4,127 


3,912 


4,101 


3,096 


Average number of 
















employees per 
















1.000 inhabitants 


1.9 


2 7 


1.5 


1.3 


1.4 


1.3 


1.4 


Rate range 


0. 1-4. 6 


l.l-3.d 


1.2-1.9 


..5-1.8 


. 8-3. 1 


. 1-3. 6 


.2-4.6 


West North Central: 
















411 cities; population 
















7,991,000: 
















Number of police 
















employees 


12. 229 


5,649 


569 


1,273 


1,244 


1,797 


1,697 


Average number of 
















employees per 
















1,000 inhabitants. 


1.5 


2.1 


1.3 


1.2 


1.2 


1.2 


1.3 


Rate range 


0. 3-4. 3 


1..3-3.5 


1.2-1.4 


.7-1.4 


. 4-1. 7 


. 6-2. 7 


. 3-4. 3 


South Atlantic: 331 
















cities; population 
















11,034,000: 
















Number of police 
















employees 


22, 487 


9,445 


4,336 


2,626 


2,120 


2.360 


1,600 


Average number of 
















employees per 
















1,000 inhabitants- 


2.0 


2.8 


1.6 


1.8 


1.7 


1.7 


1.8 


Rate range 


0. 4-9. 3 


1.5-3.9 


. 9-2. 5 


1. 2-3. 7 


. 7-3. 5 


. 7-3. 5 


. 4-9. 3 


East South Central: 
















136 cities; population 
















4,087,000: 
















Number of police 
















employees 


6,167 


2,654 


1,074 


360 


760 


715 


604 


Average number of 
















employees per 
















1,000 inhabitants- 


1.5 


1.5 


1.5 


1.9 


1.4 


1.4 


1.5 


Rate range 


0. 2-3. 3 


1.3-1.6 


1. 4-2. 


1 5-2.6 


1.1-2.1 


. 6-2. 2 


. 2-3. 3 



See footnotes at end of table. 



144 



Table 42. — Full- Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1964, 
Number and Rate per 1,000 Inhabitants, by Geographic Divisions and 
Population Groups — Continued 

[1904 estimated population] 





TOTAL 


Population group 


















(3,570 


Group I 


Group II 


Group III 


Group IV 


Group V 


Group VI 


Geographic division 


cities; 


(53 cities 


(87 cities. 


(207 cities. 


(380 cities. 


(973 cities. 


(1,870 




population 


over 


100,000 to 


50,000 to 


25,000 to 


10,000 to 


cities under 




106,358,000) 


250,000; 


250,000; 


100,000; 


50,000; 


25,000; 


10,000; 






population 


population 


population 


population 


population 


population 






41,133,000) 


12,682,000) 


14,330,000) 


13,284,000) 


15,082,000) 


9,847,000) 


West South Central: 
















250 cities; population 
















9,670,000: 
















Number of police 
















employees 


13, 049 


6,562 


2,127 


1,160 


1,204 


1,140 


856 


Average number of 
















employees per 
















1,000 mhabitants.- 


1.3 


1.5 


1.4 


1.2 


1.1 


1.2 


1.3 


Rate range 


0. 3-2. 8 


1.1-1.8 


1.1-1.9 


.7-1.6 


.7-1.6 


. 4-2. 3 


. 3-2. 8 


Mountain: 175 cities; 
















population 4,266,000: 
















Number of police 
















employees 


6,383 


1,737 


958 


1,157 


995 


691 


845 


Average number of 
















employees per 
















1,000 mhabitants- 


1.5 


1.7 


1.4 


1.6 


1.3 


1.3 


1.6 


Rate range 


0. 4-3. 5 


1. 5-1. 9 


1.2-1.7 


1.0-3.0 


1.0-1.8 


. 4-3. 1 


. 6-3. 5 


Pacific: 387 cities; pop- 
















ulation 13,966,000: 
















Number of police 
















employees 


24, 374 


11,980 


2,274 


3,419 


2, 557 


2,630 


1,514 


Average number of 
















employees per 
















1,000 inhabitants.- 


1.7 


2.0 


1.6 


1.4 


1.5 


1.6 


1.8 


Rate range 


0. 2-4. 


1.2-2.4 


1.2-2.0 


. 9-2. 6 


. 2-3. 5 


. 9-3. 5 


.2-4.0 



Suburban Police and County Sheriff Departments 



Suburban: 2 1,697 agencies; population 
35,563,000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 

1,C00 inhabitants 

Rate range 



46, 131 



1.3 

0. 1-9. 3 



Sheriflfs: 1,140 agencies; population 
29,337,000: 

Number of employees 

Average number of employees per 

1,000 inhabitants 

Rate range 



25, 259 



0.9 
0. 1-8. 5 



1 Only one city this size in geographic division. 

2 Agencies and population represented in suburban area are also included in other city groups. 
Population figures rounded to the nearest thousand. All rates were calculated on the population before 

rounding. 



145 



Table 43. — Civilian Police Department Employees, December, 1964, Per- 
centage of Total by Population Group 

[3,570 cities over 2,500; 1964 estimated population 106,358,000] 



Population group 



Percentage 

civilian 
employees 



TOTAL, AIL CITIES 

Group I (over 2.^0,000) 

(Over 1,000,000) 

(500,000-1,000.000) 

(250,000-500,000) 

Group II (100,000-250,000).. 
Group III (50,000-100,000)-- 
Group IV (25,000-50,000) . - . 

Group V (10,000-25,000) 

Group VI (2,500-10,000) 

Suburban agencies' 

Sheriff officesi 



10.4 



11.0 
9.3 
12.3 
14.6 
12.0 
10.6 
8.9 
7.5 
9.5 

10.0 
11.6 



1 See previous table for agencies used and population. 



146 



Table 44. — Number of Police Officers Killed,^ 1964, by Geographic Divisions 

and Population Groups 

[4,730 agencies; 1964 estimated population 141,013,000] 





Total 


Population group 


Geographic division 


Group I 


Group II 


Group III 


Group IV 


Group V 


Group VI 


County 




Over 
250,000 


100,000 

to 
250,000 


59,000 

to 
100,000 


25,000 

to 
50,000 


10,000 

to 
25,000 


Under 
10,000 


and 
State 
police 


TOTAL 


88 


34 


11 


2 


2 
2 


3 


6 


30 


New England 


4 
12 
12 

5 

25 
5 

13 
2 

10 




1 
2 




1 


Middle Atlantic^- . . 


7 
9 
1 

7 
1 
3 




2 
1 
1 


1 


East North Central 








2 


West North CentraL, 


1 
4 








2 


South Atlantic 






2 


12 


East South Central . 








4 


West South Central 


3 






1 


1 


5 








2 


Pacific 


6 




2 






1 


1 













1 57 killed by felons; 31 killed in accidents. 



147 







s 

An 

e 











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t-' 00 CC GO t^' ci — ■ O O 






148 



Table 46. — FuU-Time State Police Employees, December 31, 1964, and State 

Police Killed, 1964 



State police 


TOTAL 


Police 
officers 


Civilian 


Police 
killed 


Alaska 


153 
747 
275 
1,040 
732 
293 

1,056 
828 

1,535 
138 

1,283 

2,726 

2,535 

144 

190 

1,064 

361 


105 
538 
218 
703 
551 
243 

776 
664 

1,238 
123 

1,029 

2,440 

2,201 

121 

124 
760 

281 


48 
209 

57 
337 
181 

50 

280 
164 
297 
15 
254 

286 

334 

23 

66 

304 

80 




Connecticut . .._ - . ..... 




Delaware.. . . . . 




Indiana 








Maine ... . . 


1 


Maryland ... . . .... 








Michigan _ 








New Jersey 




New York . . . .... 




Pennsylvania 


1 


Rhode Island 








Virginia 




West Virginia. ... 









149 



fr77-528°— 65- 



-11 



Table 47. Number of Full-Time Police Department Em,ployees, December 31, 

1964, Cities Over 25,000 in Population 



City by state 


Number of police department 
employees 


City by state 


Number of pohce department 
employees 


Total 


Police 
officers 


Civilians 


Total 


Police 
officers 


Civilians 


ALABAMA 


532 
58 
90 
166 
317 
41 

87 

34 
40 
52 

763 
62 
41 

346 
39 

26 
33 
98 
44 
191 
97 
59 

81 
95 

230 
70 

166 

158 
94 
79 

160 
37 
61 

120 
73 
92 
37 
66 
61 
49 
40 
70 
44 
75 

283 

116 
58 

131 

169 
32 
53 
89 
76 
50 

115 
48 
37 
42 


474 
56 
84 
139 
252 
39 

70 

32 
37 
47 

657 
58 
37 

269 
39 

24 
27 
93 
43 
170 
92 
59 

74 

192 
61 

130 

147 
87 
60 

131 
30 
52 
96 
59 
72 
28 
58 
51 
43 
37 
53 
38 
64 

249 
91 
49 

110 

136 
26 
48 
74 
59 
46 

103 
38 
33 
42 


58 
2 
'6 
27 
65 
2 

17 

2 
3 

5 
106 

4 
4 

77 


CALIFORNIA— Con. 

Long Beach 


672 
6.367 
46 
50 
43 
71 
48 
54 
62 
58 
37 
50 
98 

819 
56 
76 

205 
10 

106 
55 
60 
65 

155 

158 

370 

206 
36 

847 
2,042 

354 
77 
96 
47 

187 

101 
89 
47 
41 

167 
47 
82 
45 

175 
92 

159 
86 
60 
67 
54 
86 

32 
60 
54 
128 
974 
40 
32 
41 
137 

386 
52 
61 
75 
37 


569 

.5, 018 

39 

40 

40 

61 

41 

48 

54 

51 

31 

45 

75 

625 

49 

68 

62 

65 

73 

170 

10 

90 

48 

49 

56 

127 

128 

309 

175 

29 

717 

1.791 

325 

61 

80 

36 

143 

83 

74 

41 

34 

126 

45 

76 

37 

1.50 

70 

132 

73 

51 

56 

44 

69 

26 
54 
54 
108 
811 
39 
25 
32 
125 

374 
49 
61 
72 
36 


103 


Birmingham 


Los Angeles 

Lynwood 

Manhattan Beach... 


1,349 


Dothan- -- 




10 
3 


Huntsville 


Mobile 




10 


Selma- 










6 


ALASKA 


Monterey Park 

Mountain View 

Napa.- . 


8 
7 
6 


ARIZONA 


National City 

Newport Beach 

Oakland 


5 
23 
194 




Oceanside 


7 


Flagstaff — - -- 




8 


Glendale . -- 


Orange 


15 


Mesa 


Oxnard 


12 




Palo A-lto 


4 


Scottsdale . 


Pa'^adena 


35 




Pleasant Hill 

Pomona 




Tucson 


16 








ARKANSAS 


2 
6 
5 

1 

21 

5 


Redondo Beach 

Redwood City 


11 
9 
28 




Riverside 


30 






61 






San Bernardino 

San Bruno 


31 


Fort Smith 










130 






San Francisco 


251 
29 


North Little Rock-.- 






16 




18 
38 

9 

36 
11 

7 
19 
29 

7 

9 
24 
14 
20 

9 

8 
10 

6 

3 
17 

6 
11 
34 
25 

9 
21 
33 

6 

5 
15 
17 

4 
12 
10 

4 




San Mateo 


16 


CALIFORNIA 


San Rafael 


11 




Santa A.na 


44 


Alameda 


Santa Barbara 

Santa Clara - 


18 
15 


X nfihpim 


Santa Cruz 


6 








Bakerstield 


Santa ISIonica 

Santa Rosa . . 


41 
2 


Beverly Hills 


South Gate . . 


6 




South San Francisco. 
Stockton 


8 


Burbank 


25 


Burlingame 


Sunnyvale 

Torrance 


22 


Chula Vista 


27 


Compton 


Vallejo 


13 


Concord 


Ventura 

West Covina 

Westminster . . _ . 


9 
11 




10 


Culver City 

Daly City 


Whittier 


17 


COLORADO 




El Cajon 




El Cerrito 




El Monte 


6 


Eureka 


Aurora 


6 


Fremont 


Boulder 




Fresno 


Colorado Springs 

Denver 


20 


FuUerton 


163 




Englewood 

Fort Collins . . 


1 




7 


Glendale 


Greelev 


9 


Glendora 


Pueblo 


12 




CONNECTICUT 

Biidgeport 




Havward 




Huntington Beach... 
Huntington Park 


12 


Bristol... 


3 








La Mesa 


East Hartford 

Enfield 


3 


Lodi 


1 



150 



Table 47. — Number of Fiill-Time Police Department Employees, December 31. 
1964, Cities Over 25,000 in Population — Continued 



City by state 


Number of police department 
employees 


City by state 


Number of police department 
employees 




Total 


Police 
officers 


Civilians 


Total 


Police 
officers 


Civilians 


CONNECTICUT— 
Continued 


65 
137 

81 
388 

57 

82 

52 

169 

420 

71 

137 

209 

75 

49 

37 

235 

110 

74 

256 

3,113 

88 

123 

268 

53 

52 

83 

103 

157 

502 

42 

103 

871 

268 

54 

40 

176 

45 

121 

327 

61 

95 

598 

145 

80 

56 

882 

157 

183 

159 

56 

57 

198 

36 

93 
693 


64 
123 

79 
350 

53 

76 

50 

155 

394 

68 

127 

201 

71 

48 

37 

224 

102 

73 

223 

2,884 

61 
91 
213 
43 

38 

68 

84 

129 

422 

41 

84 

627 

208 

47 

37 

143 

38 

107 

256 

50 

88 

446 

120 

79 
48 
760 
144 
173 
156 
49 
53 
162 
35 

86 
580 


1 
14 

2 
38 

4 
6 
2 
14 
26 
3 

10 
8 
4 
1 


IDAHO 

Boise 


78 
63 
57 

52 
41 
91 
42 
58 
50 
27 
57 
11,710 
62 

106 
46 
85 
45 
95 
64 
50 

140 
28 
32 
37 
39 
33 
44 
85 
40 
32 
43 
41 
86 
26 
41 
34 

182 
51 

183 
75 
97 

112 
26 
68 
32 
42 

82 

229 

260 

280 

181 

1,010 

78 

63 

57 

55 

113 

44 

64 

207 

110 

32 
41 
133 


69 
53 
45 

42 
34 
82 
39 
58 
44 
24 
54 
10, 244 
51 

105 
38 
72 
43 
90 
55 
47 

111 
25 
29 
32 
39 
32 
37 
78 
40 
30 
39 
40 
74 
21 
38 
29 

165 
48 

167 
59 
84 
95 
23 
61 
27 
35 

68 

212 

252 

241 

168 

895 

77 

62 

52 

52 

105 

44 

60 

197 

106 

31 
33 
110 


9 


Fairfield 


Idaho Falls . 


10 


Greenwich... , . 


Pocatello 


12 


Hamden 

Hartford 


ILLINOIS 

Alton 

Arlington Heights. _. 
Aurora 

Belleville -.- 




Manchester Town- 
ship 


10 


Meriden 

Middletown 

New Britain 


7 
9 
3 


New Haven 


Berwyn 




New London . . _ 


Bloomington 


6 


Nor walk . . 


Calumet City 

Champaign 


3 




3 


Stratford __ __ 


1,466 
11 




Chicago Heights 

Cicero 

Danville 

Decatur 


Wallingford 


1 


Waterbury 

West Hartford 


11 

8 
1 

33 

229 

27 
32 
55 
10 
14 
15 
19 
28 
80 

1 

19 

244 

60 

7 

3 
33 

7 

14 
71 
11 

152 
25 

1 

8 

122 

13 

10 

3 

7 

4 

36 

1 

7 
113 


8 
13 


West Haven 


Des Plaines 

East St. Louis 

Elgin- - 


2 


DELAWARE 


5 
9 


Wilmington 

DISTRICT OF 
COLUMBIA 


Elmhurst 

Evanston 

Evergreen Park 

Freeport 

Galesburg 

Granite City 


3 
29 
3 
3 
5 


Washington- -. -- 


Harvev 


1 


FLORIDA 


Highland Park 

Joliet 

Maywood 


7 
7 


Clearwater 


Morton Grove 

Niles 

Oak Lawn 


2 


Daytona Beach 

Fort Lauderdale 


4 
1 


Fort Myers.- - _. 


Oak Park 


12 


Fort Pierce 


Park Forest 


5 


Gainesville 


Park Ridge 


3 


Hialeah 

Hollywood -_ 


Pekin 

Peoria 


5 
17 


Jacksonville _ - --_ 


3 


Key West 




16 


Lakeland . ---__„ 


Rock Island--- . 


16 


Miami 


Skokie 

Springfield 

Urbana 

Waukegan 

W^heaton 


13 


Miami Beach 

North Miami 

North Miami Beach. 
Orlando 


17 
3 

7 
5 


Panama City. 


Wilmette 


7 


Pensacola 

St. Petersburg 


INDIANA 
Elkhart 




Tallahassee. _ 


14 


Tampa-- .. 




17 


West Palm Beach- _ - 


Fort Wayne- .- 


8 


GEORGIA 


Gary 

Hammond 


39 
13 


Albany.. . ... 


Indianapolis 

Kokomo 

Lafayette 

Marion 

Michigan City 

Muncie 


115 
1 


Athens 

Atlanta 


1 
5 
3 


Columbus 


8 


Macon 




Marietta . 


Richmond 

South Bend 


4 


Rome 


10 






4 


Valdosta 


IOWA 
Ames 




HAWAII 


1 


Hilo 




8 


Honolulu 


Cedar Rapids 


23 



151 



Tabic il .—IWiimber of Full-Tinic Police Department Employees, December 31 
1964, Cities Over 25,000 in Population — Continued 



Citv by state 


Number of police department 
employees 


City by state 


Number of police department 
employees 




Total 


Police 
officers 


Civilians 


Total 


Police 
officers 


Civilians 


IOWA— Continued 

Clinton 


35 
64 
115 
258 
68 
41 
44 
37 
128 
104 

41 
42 
37 
29 
53 
175 
356 

37 
43 
93 
177 
633 
66 
76 
61 

53 

299 

39 

48 

69 

31 

1,172 

253 

32 
57 
69 
120 

3, 502 
63 
65 

90 
42 
51 
61 
2,775 
56 
138 
148 
239 

91 
119 
249 

79 

77 


34 
56 
108 
233 
64 
25 
34 
35 
100 
94 

34 
36 
36 
29 
40 
139 
279 

36 
41 
83 
155 
529 
53 
74 
61 

53 
267 
39 
46 
62 
31 
1,045 
220 

31 

48 
63 
107 

3,143 
57 
62 

81 
41 
47 
58 
2,572 
54 
134 
141 
229 
73 
88 
116 
232 
72 
76 


1 

8 

7 

25 

4 

16 

10 

2 

28 

10 

7 
6 
1 

13 
36 

77 

1 
2 
10 
22 
104 
13 
2 


MASSACHU- 
SETTS -Con. 

Haverhill 


77 
116 
144 
41 
33 
191 
124 
120 
51 
56 
44 
43 
249 
43 
39 
89 
170 
88 
1.57 
38 
102 
40 
43 
50 
81 
44 
405 

47 

112 

80 

91 

43 

207 

63 

4,862 

54 

28 

47 

274 

264 

83 

114 

35 

92 

147 

212 

61 

89 

33 

33 

86 

67 

135 

54 

40 

56 

103 

153 

80 

49 

170 

64 

48 

35 
46 
23 


74 
114 
135 
39 
32 
177 
124 
116 
49 
54 
41 
42 
234 
43 
39 
84 
162 
84 
1.56 
37 
100 
38 
41 
49 
79 
44 
353 

47 
97 
67 
86 
36 

182 
60 
4,422 
46 
26 
42 

226 

225 
74 

100 
30 
81 

120 

190 
58 
73 
30 
30 
71 
61 

108 
46 
34 
52 
86 

139 
75 
38 

153 
58 
43 

35 
43 
19 




Pnnnpil Tl1nff<? 


3 


Davenport 


HolToke - ______ 


2 


Des Moine'! 


Lawrence. 


9 




Leominster __ 


2 


Iowa Citv 


Lexington __ . 


1 




Lowell . ._ 


14 




Maiden ,_. . 




Sioux City 


Medford 


4 




Melrose . 


2 




Milton 


2 


KANSAS 


Natick 


3 




Needham 


1 




New Bedford 

Northampton 

Norwood 


15 


Lawrence 




Overland Park 




Prairie Village 

Salina 


Pittsfield 


5 


Quincy . 


8 




Revere 


4 


Wichita 


Somerville _ _ _ 


1 




Wakefield 


1 


KENTUCKY 


Waltham 


2 




Wellesley ._ _ 


2 




Westfield 


2 


Bowling Green 

Covington 


West Springfield 

Weymouth 


1 
2 


Lexington 


Woburn 




Louisville 


Worcester^ _ __- _ 


52 




MICHIGAN 

Allen Park 




Owensboro 




Paducah 










LOUISIANA 


Ann Arbor 


15 




Battle Creek 


13 


\lexandria 


Bay Citv 


5 


Baton Rouge 

Bossier City 


32 


Birmingham. 


7 


Dearborn . 


25 


Lake Charles 


2 

7 


Dearborn Heights. _ - 
Detroit.. _ 


3 
440 


New Iberia 


East Detroit 


8 




127 
33 

1 
9 
6 
13 

359 
6 
3 

9 
1 
4 
3 
203 
2 
4 
7 

10 
4 
3 
3 

17 
7 
1 


East Lansing 


2 




5 




Flint - - 


48 


MAINE 


Grand Rapids 

Ilamtramck... . 


39 
9 


Auburn 


Highland Park 

Holland 


14 




5 




Jackson . 


11 


Portland 


Kalamazoo 


27 




Lansing 


22 


MARYLAND 


Lincoln Park 


3 
16 


Baltimoie 


Madison Heights 

Midland 


3 




3 






15 




Oak Park 


6 


MASSACHUSETTS 


Pontiac 


27 






8 


Arlington 


Redford Township... 
Roseville 


6 


Attleboro 


4 


Belmont 


Royal Oak . ... 


17 






14 


Boston 


St. Clair Shoies 

Southfield 


5 


Braintree 


11 




Warren 

W yandotte 

W yoming 


17 


Brookline 

Cambridge 


6 
5 


Chelsea 


MINNESOTA 








Everett 




Fall River 




Fitchburg 


Bloomington 


3 


Framingham 


Brooklyn Center 


4 



152 



Table 47. — Number of Full -Time Police Departm,ent Em^ployees, December 31. 
1964, Cities Over 25,000 in Population — Continued 



City by state 



MINNESOTA— Con. 

Crystal 

Duluth 

Edina 

Minneapolis 

Minnetonka 

Richfield 

Rochester 

Roseville 

St. Cloud 

St. Louis Park 

St. Paul 

MISSISSIPPI 

Greenville 

Gulfport 

Jackson 

Laurel 

Natchez 

Vicksburg 

MISSOURI 

Cape Girardeau 

Columbia 

Ferguson 

Florissant 

Independence 

Joplin 

Kansas City 

Kirkwood 

St. Joseph 

St. Louis 

Sedalia 

Springfield 

University City 

Webster Groves 

MONTANA 

Billings 

Great Falls 

Missoula 

NEBRASKA 

Grand Island 

Omaha 

NEVADA 

Las Vegas 

North Las Vegas 

Reno 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

Concord 

M anchester 

Nashua 

Portsmouth 

NEW JERSEY 

Atlantic City 

Bayonne 

Bergenfield 

Camden 

Cherry Hill Town- 
ship 

Clifton 

Cranford Township.. 



Number of police department 
employees 



Total 



20 
136 
30 
789 
12 
35 
76 
21 
43 
41 
453 



67 
42 
336 
47 
42 
41 



37 
56 
26 
53 
89 
56 

1,130 
42 
108 

2,439 
33 
119 
55 
33 



39 
482 



298 
47 
166 



45 
125 



43 



223 
166 
37 
277 

52 
116 
41 



Police 
officers 



19 
119 
26 
727 
12 
33 
71 
21 
41 
39 
412 



55 
40 
282 
43 
42 
32 



33 
49 
25 
51 
79 
48 

892 
36 

108 

1,846 

33 

113 
51 
28 



39 
421 



247 
45 
134 



41 
120 
63 
40 



187 
156 
37 
242 

46 
111 
40 



Civilians 



238 



593 



City by state 



NEW JERSEY— Con. 

East Brunswick 

Township 

East Orange 

Edison 

Elizabeth 

Englewood 

Ewing Township.. _ 

Fair Lawn 

Garfield 

Hamilton Township 

Hoboken 

Irvington 

Jersey City 

Kearny 

Linden 

Livingston 

Lodi 

Long Branch 

Madison Township. 

Montclair 

Neptune Township. 

Newark 

New Brunswick 

North Bergen 

Township 

Nutley 

Orange 

Paramus 

Parsippany— Troy 
Hills Township.. 

Passaic 

Paterson 

Pennsauken 

Perth Amboy 

Plainfield 

Rahway 

Ridgewood 

Sayreville 

Teaneck Township.. 

Trenton 

Union City 

Union Township 

Vineland 

Wayne Township.... 

Westfield 

West New York 

Woodbridge Town- 
ship 

NEW MEXICO 

Albuq uerque 

Farmington 

Hobbs 

Las Cruces 

Roswell 

Santa Fe 

NEW YORK 

Albany 

Amherst 

Amsterdam 

Auburn 

Binghamton 

Brighton 

Buffalo 

C heek to waga . 

Clarkstown 

Colonie Town 

Elmira 

Freeport 



Number of police department 
employees 



Total 



27 
161 
80 
259 
61 
31 
45 
49 
94 
162 
110 
955 
120 
117 
39 
35 
51 
36 
96 
35 
1,658 
81 

119 
53 

75 
64 

29 
127 
337 
40 
102 
94 
66 
39 
35 
61 
273 
122 
87 
50 
54 
51 
84 

125 



291 
44 
33 
39 
59 
55 



257 
67 
39 
61 
145 
33 
1,516 
68 
43 
30 
95 
65 



Police 
officers 



26 
161 
76 
242 
61 
29 
43 
47 
90 
161 
101 
839 
119 
117 
38 
34 
48 



35 

1,385 
79 

99 
51 
74 
61 

29 
119 
309 

34 

91 
87 
63 
38 
32 
59 
245 
101 
86 
49 
50 
50 
84 

115 



248 
34 
33 
38 
59 
49 



219 
64 
35 
56 

1.36 
29 

296 
65 
43 
29 
93 
61 



153 



Table 47. — Number of FuU-Tiine Police Department Employees, December 31, 
1964, Cities Over 25,000 in Population — Continued 



City by state 



NEW YORK— Con. 

Garden City 

Glen Cove 

Greenburgh 

Hempstead 

Irondequoit 

Ithaca 

Jamestown 

Lackawanna 

Lockport 

Mount Vernon 

Newburgh 

New Rochelle 

New York 

Niagara Falls 

North Tonawanda... 

Orangetown 

Port Chester 

Poughkeepsie 

Rochester 

Rockville Centre 

Rome 

Schenectady 

Syracuse 

Tonawanda Town... 

Troy 

Utica 

Watertown 

West Seneca 

White Plains 

Yonkers 

NORTH CAROLINA 

Asheville. 

Burlington 

Charlotte 

Durham 

Fayetteville 

Gastonia 

Goldsboro 

Greensboro 

Greenville 

High Point 

Kannapolis 

Kinston 

Raleigh 

Rocky Mount 

Wilmington 

Wilson 

Winston-Salem 

NORTH DAKOTA 

Bismarck 

Fargo 

Grand Forks 

Minot 

OHIO 

Akron 

Alliance 

Ashtabula 

Barberton 

Canton 

Chillicothe 

Cincinnati 

Cleveland 

Cleveland Heights... 

C olumbus 

Cuyahoga Falls 

Dayton 

East Cleveland 



Number of police department 
employees 



Total 



178 

27, 128 

193 

40 

39 

54 

80 

621 

50 

63 

159 

441 

78 

140 

199 

58 

34 

166 

406 



117 
58 
383 
130 
83 

43 

240 
36 

108 
28 
50 

175 
61 
97 
43 

217 



328 
37 
30 
37 

173 
31 

980 

2,162 

69 

727 
49 

427 
72 



Police 
ofRcers 



57 
40 
72 
67 
36 
47 
70 
67 
44 

174 
58 

156 
25, 897 

173 
39 
38 
51 
75 

529 
50 
57 

149 

391 
76 

133 

184 
57 
34 

162 

376 



111 
53 

340 

121 
77 
66 
43 

217 
34 

103 
28 
47 

157 
56 
76 
42 

201 



308 
33 
30 
36 

162 
29 

883 

1,806 

66 

592 
47 

377 
64 



Civilians 



3 

18 
2 

22 
,231 

20 
1 
1 
3 
5 

92 



1 

11 

2 

97 

256 

3 

135 

2 

50 

8 



City by state 



OHIO— Continued 

Elyria 

Euclid 

Fairborn 

Findlay 

Hamilton 

Kettering 

Lakewood 

Lancaster 

Lima 

Lorain 

Mansfield 

Maple Heights 

Marion 

Massillon 

Mentor 

Middletown 

Parma 

Portsmouth 

Sandusky 

South Euchd 

Springfield 

Toledo 

Upper Arlington 

Warren 

Whitehall 

Youngstown 

Zanesville 

OKLAHOMA 

Bartlesville 

Enid 

Lawton 

Midwest City 

Muskogee 

Norman 

Oklahoma City 

Stillwater 

Tulsa 

OREGON 

Corvallis 

Eugene 

Medford 

Portland 

Salem 

PENNSYLVANIA 

Abington Township 

Aliquippa 

Allentown 

Altoona 

Baldwin Borough... 
Bensalem Township 

Bethlehem 

Bristol Township 

Cheltenham Town- 
ship 

Chester 

Easton 

Erie 

Harrisburg 

Haverford Town- 
ship 

Hazleton 

Johnstown 

Lancaster 

Lebanon 

Lower Merion 

Township 

Millcreek Township 



Number oi police department 
employees 



Total 



49 



39 
100 
37 
72 
34 
77 
71 
76 
42 
41 
37 
23 
80 
65 
54 
44 
38 
118 
579 
27 
78 
29 
300 
42 



41 
54 
76 
34 
53 
35 

408 
31 

351 



29 
100 

48 
811 

96 



60 
31 

158 
99 
20 
23 

115 
51 

57 
94 
55 
194 
160 

59 
37 

85 
95 



Police 
officers 



65 
29 
33 
97 
35 
68 
32 
68 
70 
73 
36 
39 
34 
21 
72 
55 
53 
40 
32 
108 
539 
26 
76 
26 
273 
36 



37 

46 
73 

28 
46 
35 

358 
31 

296 



25 
100 
42 



60 
30 

133 
93 
16 
22 

107 
45 

54 
80 
51 
177 
153 

56 
34 
79 
91 
42 

117 
17 



154 



Table 47. — Number of Full-Tiine Police Department Employees, December 31. 
1964, Cities Over 25,000 in Population — Continued 



City by state 



PENNSYLVANIA- 
Continued 

Mount Lebanon 

Township 

Norristown 

Penn Hills Town- 
ship 

Philadelphia 

Pittsburgh 

Pottstown 

Reading 

Scranton 

Springfield Town- 
ship 

State Collese 

Upper Darby 

Township 

West Mifflin 

Wilkes-Barre 

Wilkinsburg 

Williamsport 

York 

RHODE ISLAND 

C ranst on 

East Providence 

Newport 

Pawtucket 

Providence 

Warwick 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

Charleston 

Columbia 

Florence 

Rock Hill 

S partanburg 

Sumter 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

Aberdeen 

Rapid City 

Sioux Falls 

TENNESSEE 

Jackson 

Johnson City 

Knoxville 

M emphis 

Nashville 

Oak Ridge 

TEXAS 

Abilene 

Amarillo 

Austin 

Baytown 

Beaumont 

Big Spring 

Brownsville 

Bryan 

Corpus Christi 

Dallas 

Denton 

El Paso 

Fort Worth 

Galveston 

Garland 

Grand Prairie 



Number of police department 
employees 



Total 



42 

58 

44 
6,557 
1,547 
35 
189 
188 

22 
26 

153 
26 

105 
40 

57 
79 



94 
81 
85 
159 
546 
127 



152 
174 
44 

57 
96 



55 
44 
255 
912 
577 
40 



134 

219 

347 

47 

136 

45 

70 

27 

225 

1,421 

38 

378 

569 

88 

54 

33 



Police 
officers 



38 

57 

40 

5,866 

1,515 

34 

154 

174 

18 
21 

128 
26 

103 
32 
55 
78 



94 
74 
79 
147 
464 
115 



130 
160 
43 
51 
76 
37 



52 

38 

240 

737 

518 

37 



117 

173 

248 

40 

122 

39 

46 

25 

206 

1,221 

33 

343 

490 

79 

45 

31 



Civilians 



4 
1 

4 
691 
32 
1 
35 
14 

4 
5 



15 

175 

59 

3 



17 
46 
99 

7 
14 

6 
24 

2 

19 

200 

5 
35 
79 

9 

9 

2 



City by state 



TEXAS— Continued 

Haltom City 

Harlingen 

Houston 

Irving 

Killeen 

Kingsville 

Longview 

Lubbock 

Marshall 

McAUen 

Mesquite 

Midland 

Odessa 

Orange 

Pampa 

Pasadena 

Port Arthur 

Richardson 

San Antonio 

Sherman 

Temple 

Texas City 

Tyler 

Victoria 

Wichita Falls 

UTAH 

Ogden 

Provo 

Salt Lake City 

VERMONT 
Burlington 

VIRGINIA 

Alexandria 

Arlington 

Charlottesville 

Chesapeake 

Danville 

Hampton 

Lynchburg 

Newport News 

Norfolk 

Petersburg 

Portsmouth 

Richmond 

Roanoke 

Virginia Beach 

WASHINGTON 

Bellingham 

Bremerton 

Everett 

Richland 

Seattle 

Spokane 

Tacoma 

Vancouver 

Walla Walla 

Yakima 

WEST VIRGINIA 

Charleston 

Fairmont 

Huntington 

Parkersburg 

Wheeling 



Number of police department 
employees 



Total 



29 
51 
1.508 
50 
29 
26 
55 

197 
30 
27 
47 

104 

114 
32 
28 
84 
88 
35 

755 
31 
40 
33 
61 
47 

126 



82 

44 

321 



52 



158 
230 

61 
100 

98 
120 

91 
149 
479 

46 
147 
455 
141 
110 



48 

50 

78 

39 

,047 

270 

249 

55 

39 

78 



141 

38 
128 
48 
92 



Police 
officers 



29 
34 
1,306 
44 
29 
26 
54 

182 
30 
25 
41 
92 
93 
29 
20 
74 
81 
29 

633 
29 
38 
31 
58 
39 

113 



70 
42 

258 



130 

205 

60 

96 

88 

103 

84 

140 

435 

43 

133 

422 

133 

104 



40 

48 

70 

33 

902 

234 

230 

53 

30 

67 



132 
33 

107 
42 
91 



155 



Table 47. — Nutnber of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 
1964, Cities Over 25,000 in Population — Continued 



City by state 


Number of police department 
employees 


City by state 


Number of police department 
employees 


Total 


Police 
officers 


Civilians 


Total 


Police 
officers 


Civilians 


WISCONSIN 


82 
57 
62 
53 

121 
55 

125 
74 

236 

55 

1, 933 

70 

160 
80 
60 
61 


76 
54 
50 
45 

110 
49 

110 
68 

195 

51 

1.794 

67 

146 
78 
60 
58 


6 

3 
12 

8 
11 

6 
15 

6 
41 

4 
139 

3 
14 

2 

_ 


WISCONSIN— Con. 
Wausau 


48 
86 
129 

49 
66 

153 

5,342 


48 
76 
112 

41 
52 

143 

4,683 




Beloit 


Wauwatosa 

West Allis 

WYOMING 

Casper 

Cheyenne 

GUAM 
Agana.- - 


10 


Eau Claire 


17 


Fond du Lac 




Green Bay 








Kenosha 


8 


La Crosse 


14 










Milwaukee 




Oshkosh 


10 


Racine 


PUERTO RICO 

San Juan 




Sheboygan 




Superior 




"W'aukesha 


659 









156 



Table 48. — Number of Full -Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 
1964, Cities With Population Under 25,000 



City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


ALABAMA 

Abbeville 


4 

21 

15 

22 

8 

4 

14 

8 

15 

20 

8 

17 

6 

5 

4 

8 

21 

5 

8 

5 

5 

11 

19 

13 

6 

6 

7 

8 

10 

19 

17 

16 

36 
14 

10 
19 

18 
23 
11 
18 
10 
9 
10 
2 
1 
19 
9 
17 
12 
4 
25 
7 
8 
4 
9 
18 

9 
6 
2 
16 
13 
12 
10 
4 
5 
3 
9 


ARKANSAS— Con. 

Siloam Springs 

Springdale 

Van Buren 


6 
14 

7 
8 

22 

5 
11 
26 

9 
10 
16 
15 
14 
48 
18 
30 

8 
26 
24 

5 
11 

2 
11 

1 
20 
17 

4 

8 

4 
16 
14 
34 
20 
10 
28 

8 
15 
11 
11 

3 

1 
31 

6 
12 

6 
22 

9 

1 

6 
21 
16 

3 
13 

6 
11 

9 
39 
51 
11 
23 

5 
33 

1 
25 

7 
11 
24 
10 

1 

7 

3 
19 

4 


CALIFORNIA- 
Continued 

Grass Valley 

Greenfield 




Alexander City 


12 

4 


Auburn 


Walnut Ridge 

CALIFORNIA 

Albany 

Alturas 

Anderson 


Gridley 


g 


Boaz 


Grover City 


5 




7 


Chickasaw 


Gustine 


6 


Childersburg 

Demopolis 

Fairfield 


Half Moon Bay 


6 
27 


Hemet 


17 


Fayette 


Antioch 


Hercules 


1 


Fort Payne 


Arroyo Grande 

Arvin 


Hermosa Beach 

Hillsborough 

Hollister 


31 


Gardendale 


17 


Geneva 


Atherton 


13 


Graysville 

Hartselle 


Holtville 


9 


Auburn 




3 






9 


Hueytown 


Banning 


Imperial Beach 


18 


Barstow 

Beaumont 


29 


Leeds 


lone 


3 




Bell 

Belmont 




2 


Midfield 


Jackson 


4 




Belvedere 

Benicia 

Biggs 

Bishop -- 




9 


Northport 

Onpnnfn 




4 


King City 


10 


Oxford 


Kingsburg 


9 


Plpnt^anf Grnvp 


Blue Lake 


Laguna Beach 

Lakeport 


30 


Prattville 


Blythe 


7 




Brea. 


La Palma . 


4 


Sheffield 






8 


Troy 


Broadmoor 


La Verne - . - _ _ 


13 








7 




Carlsbad 


Lindsay 


9 


ALASKA 




Livermore. - . __ 


24 




Chico 


Livingston 


5 




Chino 


Lompoc 

Los Altos 


31 






25 




Claremont 


Los Banos 


19 


ARIZONA 






23 




Clovis- -- - - 


Madera - _ 


26 




Coachella 

Coalinga 




18 


Bisbee 


Martinez 


16 




Colfax 




28 


Chandler 


Colnia 


McFarland _ 


8 










Douglas 


Colusa 


Merced -- . _ . 


36 


Eloy 


Corcoran 

Corning 


Millbrae 


19 


Globe 


Milpitas- - -- - 


18 


Hnlbrook 


Pnronndn 


Montague 


2 


Huachuca 


Corte Madera 

Cotati 


Montclair. ._ 


27 




Monterey --_ 


55 


Kingman 


Crescent City 


Needles .-- 


11 




Newark 


19 


Nogales 


Davis 


Newman . -- - 


4 




Del Rey Oaks 


Novato -- 


22 




Oakdale 


9 


Prescott 


Dixon 


Ojai-- 


13 


Safford 


Dos Palos 


Orange Cove 

Orland . 


7 




Dunsmuir 

El Centro 


8 


Tolleson 


Oroville 


24 


Williams 


El Segundo 


Pacifica-- 


24 






Paciflc Grove 

Palm Springs 

Palos Verdes 
Estates 


16 


ARKANSAS 


Emeryville 


64 




Escondido 

Etna 


22 


Arkadelphia 

Batesville 


Parlier 


4 


Fairfield 


Paso Robles 

Patterson 


16 


Booneville 


Fillmore 


4 






Perris 


7 


Conway 






22 


Fort Bragg 


Piedmont. 


20 






Pinole 


14 






Pismo Beach 

Pittsburg 


8 




Gait 


31 


Piggott 


Gilroy 


Placentia. 


18 


Russell ville 


Gonzales 


1 Placerville 


10 



777-528' 



157 



Table 48. — Number of Full -Time Police Department Employees^ December 31, 
1964, Cities With Population Under 25,000 — Continued 



City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


CAIIFORNIA- 
Continued 

Ple'i'^'inton 


10 

19 

2 

19 

34 

13 

29 

5 

6 

3 

3 

26 
3 

17 
27 
26 
35 
42 
14 
8 
27 
35 
27 
34 
28 
11 
14 
11 
16 
5 
7 
8 
35 
27 
24 
5 
9 
11 
23 
27 
2 
17 
14 
21 

39 

31 

21 

62 

30 

45 

12 

28 

4 

4 

11 

7 

4 

26 

9 

23 

10 
5 
8 
6 
8 
11 
13 
12 
17 
3 


COLORADO— 

Continued 

Fort ^Morgan 

Glenwood Springs. . 
Golden . 


14 

7 

11 

37 

9 

10 

12 

7 

27 

19 

15 

4 

1 

8 

6 

6 

8 

11 

8 

13 

20 
25 
15 

37 
20 

17 
3 
22 
14 
33 
28 
26 
27 
10 
17 
15 
9 
12 
19 

26 

8 
28 

1 
19 

8 
35 
26 
15 
44 
29 
25 

9 
11 
13 
10 

28 
13 
21 
4 

6 

4 
10 


FLORIDA— 
Continued 

Bartow 


22 


Port Hueneme 


Bay Harbor Is- 


13 


Red Bluff - 


Grand Junction 

Gunnison... 


Biscayne Park 


4 




37 


Reedlev 


La Junta. 


Boynton Beach 

Bradenton 


25 


Rialto 


Lamar 


33 


Rio Vista -- - 


Leadville... 




4 


Ripon 


Littleton... 


Cocoa Beach 

Dade City 


21 


Rocklin.. _ . - 


Longmont . 


9 


Rhonert Park 






18 


Roseville 


Manitou Springs 

Meeker. 


Deerfield Beach 

Dunedin 


21 


Ross -. 


16 


St Helena - -_ 


Monte Vista 

Montrose 


Eau Gallie.. 


38 


San \nselmo 


Eustis 


12 




Rocky Ford 

Salida. .. . 


Florida City 


5 




3 


San Fernando 


Thornton 


Green Cove 






Walsenburg 


9 


Sanger 


Westminster 

CONNECTICUT 
Bethel 


Gulfport 


12 


San Jacinto 


Haines City 


14 




35 


San Pablo 


Holly Hill 


10 


Santa Paula. . 


Jacksonville Beach. 


26 


Seal Beach 




16 


Seaside 


Branford 


Lake Citv 


19 


Sebastopol 


Cheshire 


Lake Wales 


15 




Clinton 


Lake Worth 

Lantana 


48 


Shatter 


Danielson 


fi 


Sierra Madre 




Live Oak 


10 








9 


Sonoma 


Glastonbury 


Margate 


5 




Miami Shores 

Miami Springs 


31 


South Pasadena 

Stanton . 


Groton Borough 

Monroe . ... 


30 
15 


State Harbor Police 


Naugatuck 


Mount Dora 

New Port Richey... 
New Smyrna 
Beach 


8 


Suisun City 


New Canaan 

Newington 


10 


Susan ville 




Taft 


North Haven 

Old Saybrook 

Orange 


22 


Tracy 

Tulare 


North Palm Beach. 

Oakland Park 

Ocala 


8 
17 


Tulelake 


Plainville 


33 


Turlock ... - ... 


Putnam 


Ormond Beach 

Palatka 


18 


Tustin 


Ridgefield 


18 


Ukiah 


Rockville 


Palm Bay 


7 


University of 


Rocky Hill 


Palm Beach 

Palm Springs 

Pinellas Park 

Plant^itinn 


63 


California 


Shelton 


4 


Upland. 




21 


Vaca ville 


Southington 

Sprague 


19 


Vernon . . 


Pompano Beach 

Port St Joe 


59 


Visalia 


Stonington 


4 


Walnut Creek 


Suffield 




26 




Town of Groton 

Trumbull 


Riviera Beach 

Rockledge 


41 


Watsonville .. 


8 


Weed 


Waterford 


Safety Harbor 

St. Petersburg 


4 


Williams 


Westport 




Willits 


Wethersfield 

^Villiniantic 


18 


Willows 


Snnfnrri 


26 


Woodlake 


Wilton - 




14 


Woodland-. . 


Winsted 


South INIiami 

Starke 


27 


Yreka 


Wolcott 


11 


Yuba City 


Woodbridge 

DELAWARE 


Stuart 


11 






17 


COLORADO 


Tarpon Springs 

Treasuie Island 

West Miami 

Wilton Manors 

Winter Haven 

Zephyrhills 

GEORGIA 
Adel 


13 
11 


Alamosa .. ... 


Alilford 


8 


Aspen 




19 


Brighton 




35 


Broomfield 


Seaford 

Smyrna 


g 


Brush 




Canon City .. 


FLORIDA 

Apalachicola 

Auburndale 




Commerce City 


8 


Cortez 




21 


Durango 


Bflinbridpp 


16 


Florence 


Barnesville... 


6 



158 



Table 48.— /Vumber of Full -Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 
1964, Cities With Population Under 25,000 — Continued 



City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


GEORGIA— 
Continued 


8 

7 

17 
19 
28 
18 
14 
10 
31 
47 
16 

8 
42 

5 

5 
23 

7 
13 
11 
25 

6 
33 

17 

4 

20 

16 

7 

5 

9 

9 

28 

5 

17 

15 

22 

6 

12 

3 

8 

4 

4 

28 

8 

4 

15 

9 

9 

11 

3 

15 

6 

3 

1 

7 

9 

19 

23 

14 

16 

9 

17 

4 

5 

17 
14 
6 
3 
7 


ILLINOIS— 
Continued 

Coal City... . 


3 
10 
15 
20 
28 
14 
18 
29 
2 
3 

13 

21 

12 

8 

4 

19 

22 

3 

7 

3 

11 

24 

6 

6 

9 

2 

4 

3 

21 

23 

6 

3 

6 

13 

6 

6 

6 

21 

12 

16 

7 

6 

12 

11 

30 

22 

5 

26 

6 

13 

17 

6 

16 
23 
6 
5 
13 
11 
14 
12 
16 
4 
15 
2 
2 
5 
10 
3 
40 
9 
8 
12 
4 
11 
8 


TLLINOIS- 
Continued 


4 




Crest Hill 


Morton. 


7 




Crystal Lake 

Deerfield . . 


Mount Morris 

Mount Olive 

Mount Vernon 


4 


Cor dele 


4 




DeKalb 


17 






16 


Elberton 


Dixon 


Naperville 


17 




Downers Grove 

Dupo 

Dwight 

East Alton 


Nashville 


3 


Gainesville 


Nokomis 


3 


Griffin 


Normal 


16 




North Aurora 

Northbrook 


3 


Jackson 


East Moline 

Edwardsville 

Effingham 


21 




North Chicago 

Northfield 


22 




14 


McRae 


Eldorado 


Northlake 


18 


Milledgeville 

Rossville 


Elk Grove Village.. 

Elmwood Park 

Eureka 


North Riverside 

0' Fallon 


14 

4 


Statpsbni'o 


Oglesby 


4 




Fairfield 

Fairmont City 

Flora 


Olney 


12 


Warner Robins 

"Wn'shinp'tnn 


Olympia Fields 

Orland Park 

Ottawa 


2 

2 


Waycross 


Franklin Park 

Galena 


22 




Palos Park 


1 




Geneseo 

Geneva 




8 


IDAHO 


Paris 


11 








5 




Gibson City 

Gillespie . _ 


Peoria Heights 

Peru 

Pinckney ville 

Pittsfield 




Buhl 


8 
















Coeur d'Alene 


Glen Ellyn 


4 


Emmett 


Golf 


Piano -- -. 








Grange ville 


Grayslake 

Hanover Park 

Harwood Heights... 
Hi phi arid 


Polo 


















Kellogg.. 


Rantoul.. ^_. 










Riverdale 








Montpelier 




River Forest 

Riverside 


25 




Hillsboro 








Mountain Home.... 






6 




Hofiman Estates.... 


Rochelle 








Payette 


Rockdale 








Rupert 




RnpV Falls; 


22 


Salmon 




Rolling Meadows... 
Roselle 


in 


Sandpoint 










Shelley . - . 




Round Lake Park.. 
St. Charles ..- 








Soda Sprmgs 




16 


Twin Falls... 


La Grange Park 

Lake Bluff 


Sandwich 










Schiller Park 

Silvis 


11 






Lake Forest 

Lake Zurich 


9 


ILLINOIS 


South Beloit 


7 
3 




La Salle 


Staunton. . _ 


3 




Lawrenceville 


Stone Park. _ 


12 




Stream wood 


22 




Lincolnwood 

Lisle 


20 


Belvidere 


Sullivan 


5 


Benld 


Litchfield 




4 


B ensen ville 


Lockport 


Sycamore.- 


8 






Taylorville . 


11 


Bethalto 


Lyons 


Thornton 


1 


B nn rh>rm n a i 9 


Macomb 


Vandalia 


10 








15 






Villa Park 


24 






Washington 


8 


Brookfield 


Marquette Heights. 


Washington Park... 
Waterloo. ._ __ 


3 


Cahokia 


3 


Canton 


Matteson 


Watseka 


11 






Wauconda - 


7 


Carpenters ville 

Cary 


McLeansboro 

Melrose Park 

Mendota 




17 


Western Springs 

West Frankfort 

Westville 


16 


Casey 


5 






2 




Midlothian . . .. 


White Hall 


4 


Chester 


Milan 


Wilmington 

Winnetka 


6 


Christopher 


Monmouth 


25 


Clarendon Hills..... 


Morris 


Wood River 


13 



Table 48.— TVumber of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 
1964, Cities With Population Under 25,000— Continued 



City by state 



INDIANA 



Angola 

Auburn 

Aurora 

Batesville 

Bedford 

Beech Grove 

Berne 

Bicknell 

Boonville 

Brazil 

Brookville 

Chesterfield 

Chesterton 

Clarksville 

Clinton 

Columbus 

Connersville 

Crawfordsville 

Crown Point 

Decatur 

Delphi 

Dunkirk 

Dyer 

East Gary 

Fairmount 

Frankfort 

Franklin 

Garrett 

Gas City 

Goshen 

Greencastle 

Greenfield 

Greenwood 

Griffith 

Highland 

Hobart 

Huntingburg 

Huntington 

Jasonville 

Jasper 

Jeffersonville 

Kendall ville 

Knox 

La Porte 

Lawrence 

Lawrenceburg 

Lebanon 

Logansport 

Madison 

Mitchell 

Mooresville 

Mount Vernon 

Munster 

New Castle 

Noblesville 

North Manchester. 

North Vernon 

Peru 

Petersburg 

Plainfield 

Plymouth 

Portage 

Portland 

Princeton 

Rensselaer 

Rochester 

Rock ville 

Rushville 

Scottsburg 

Sellersburg 

Seymour 

Shelbyville 

Speedway 

Tell City 

Valparaiso 

Vincennes 



Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 



City by state 



INDIANA— 
Continued 



Wabash 

Warsaw 

West Lafayette - 
Whiting 

IOWA 



Algona 

Anamosa 

Ankeny 

Audubon 

Belmond 

Bettendorf 

Bloomfield 

Boone 

Cedar Falls 

Centerville 

Chariton 

Charles City 

Clarinda 

Clear Lake 

Cresco 

Creston 

Decorah 

D yersville 

Eagle Grove 

Eldora 

Esther ville 

Evansdale 

Fairfield 

Fort Madison 

Glenwood 

Grinnell 

Hampton 

Humboldt 

Independence 

Indianola 

Jefferson 

Keokuk 

Knoxville 

Le Mars 

Manchester 

Maquoketa 

Marion 

Marshalltown 

Missouri Valley.... 
Mount Pleasant... 

Mount Vernon 

New Hampton 

Newton 

Oelwein 

Osage 

Osceola 

Oskaloosa 

Pella 

Perry 

Rock Rapids 

Sheldon 

Shenandoah 

Sibley 

Spencer 

Spirit Lake 

Storm Lake 

Urbandale 

Vinton 

Waverly 

Webster City 

West Burlington. - 
West Des Moines. 
Windsor Heights.. 

KANSAS 

Abilene 

Anthony 

Arkansas City 



Number of 
police de- 
partment 
employees 



City by state 



KANSAS— Con. 



Atchison 

Augusta 

Baxter Springs. 

Belleville 

Beloit 

Caney 

Chanute 

Cherryvale 

Clay Center.. - 

Coffeyville 

Colby 

Columbus 

Concordia 

Council Grove. 

Derby 

Dodge City 

Ellis 

Emporia 

Eureka 

Fairway 

Fredonia 

Garden City... 

Garnett 

Goodland 

Great Bend 

Hays 

Herington 

Hiawatha 

Hoisington 

Holton 

Horton 

Humboldt 

Independence.. 

lola 

Junction City.. 

Kingman 

Earned 

Leavenworth. - 

Leawood 

Liberal 

Lindsborg 

Lyons 

Manhattan 

Marysville 

McPherson 

Merriam 

Mulvane 

Norton 

Oakley 

Olathe 

Osawatomie... 

Ottawa 

Paola 

Parsons 

Phillipsburg-.- 

Pratt 

Roeland Park. 

Russell 

Shawnee 

Ulysses 

Valley Center. 

WaKeeney 

Wellington 

Winfield 



Number of 
police de- 
partment 
employees 



KENTUCKY 



Bardstown 

Beaver Dam... 

Bellevue 

Benton 

Berea 

Cynthiana 

Danville 

Elizabethtown. 
Flatwoods 



160 



Table 48. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees^ December 31, 
1964, Cities With Population Under 25,000— Continued 



City by state 


Number of 
pohce de- 
partment 

employees 


City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


KENTUCKY-Con. 

Florence 

Fort Thomas - 


9 
14 

38 
9 
9 

16 
8 
1 

35 
3 
6 
5 
7 

24 

17 
4 

10 

17 

6 

13 

3 

5 

14 
10 
9 
4 
20 

21 
30 
11 
12 
19 
2 
15 
4 
6 
8 
9 
4 
4 
14 
6 
14 
8 
22 
5 
25 

34 
5 

15 
6 

20 
6 

I 

4 
5 
2 
3 
5 
9 
2 
2 
9 
3 
6 
2 

11 


MAINE-Con. 

Orono 

Pittsfield 


5 
3 

12 

13 

13 

12 

17 

4 

8 

36 

2 

1 

23 

2 

17 
6 

15 

61 

6 

3 
27 
9 
3 
13 

38 
11 
13 
13 
16 
10 
9 

34 

201 

23 

2 

30 

12 

6 

18 

25 

14 

13 

30 

2 

9 

17 

10 

8 

39 

17 

5 

6 

19 

1 

7 

27 

13 

24 

20 

13 

21 

25 
15 
4 
12 


MASSACHUSETTS- 
Continued 

East Bridgewater... 

Easthampton 

East Lcngmeadow.. 


g 


Frankfort 

Franklin 

Georgetown 


Presque Isle 

Rockland 

Rumford _ 


16 
16 


Glasgow. 


Saco 

Sanford . . 


Fairhaven 


18 


Harrodsburg__ 


Falmouth 


25 


Highland Heights.,. 
Hopkins ville 


Scarborough 

Skowhegan.. 


Foxborough 

Franklin 


14 
11 


Jeffersontown.. 


South Portland 

Van Buren 

Waldoboro . 




2S 


Lancaster 

Lawrenceburg 


Georgetown 

Grafton 


fi 


Ludlow 


Waterville 


Great Barrington... 
Greenfield 




Mavfield 


Wells 

Westbrook 

Winthrop 


32 


Middlesboro 


Groveland... . 


3 


Monticello 


Harwich 

Hingham 

Holbrook 


9 


Mount Sterling 

Murray 


MARYLAND 

Aberdeen 

Annapolis -. 


37 


Nicholas ville 


Holliston 


13 


Paintsville- _ 


Hopedale 


4 


Paris. 




19 


Park Hills 


Bel Air 


Hull 


25 


Prestonsburg 


Bladensburg 

Brunswick 

Cambridge 

Crisfield 

District Heights 

Easton 


Ipswich ... 


13 


Princeton.. 


Leicester 


9 


Russellville . -_ 


Lincoln 


6 


St. Matthews 


Littleton 


4 


Williamsburg 

Winchester 


Longmeadow 

Ludlow 


19 
17 




Elkton _- 


Lynnfield 


16 


LOUISIANA 

Bastrop 


Frederick 

Frostburg 

Greenbelt 

Havre de Grace 


Marblehead 

Marion 

Marlboro 


33 
29 


Bogalusa ... .. 


Marshfield... 


19 


De Ridder 


Mattapoisett 

Medfield 


10 


Donaldsonville 


Laurel 

Mount Rainier 

Salisbury 

Sparrows Point 

Takoma Park 

Thurmont 

University of 

Maryland 

Westminster 

MASSACHUSETTS 

Acton 

Acushnet 

Adams 

Agawam 


9 


Eunice 


Merrimac 

Middleboro 


2 


Golden Meadow. . 


20 


Hammond 

Haynesville 

Jonesboro 

Kaplan.- . 


Milford 

Millbury 

Millis 


24 
9 
6 

10 


Mamou 

Marks ville 


Nahant Township.. 
Nantucket . .. 


9 
10 




Newburyport 

North Adams 

North Andover 

Northboro 


19 


Plaquemine 


31 


Port Allen 


19 


Rayne 


7 


Springhill 

Thibodaux 

Vivian 


Northbridge 

North Brookfield... 
North Reading 


12 

2 
13 






6 




Amherst 


Orange 


6 


MAINE 


Andover 

Ashburnham 

Ashland 

Athol 


Oxford 

Palmer .. 


5 
13 


Augusta 


Pepperell 


2 




Plainville 

Provincetown 

Reading 

Roekport 

Salisbury 

Saugus 


4 


Bath 

Brewer 

Brunswick 

Calais 


Auburn 

Ayer 

Barnstable 

Bedford 


10 

32 

9 

9 


Camden 


Bellingham 

Blackstone 

Bourne 


30 






29 


Eastport 


Seekonk 


13 


Ellsworth 


Boylston 

Bridgewater 

Burlington 


Sharon 

Shirley . 


14 
3 




Shrewsbury 


19 


Fort Fairfield 


Somerset 

Southborough 

Southbridge 

South Hadley 

Stoneham 


11 


Gardiner 


Chelmsford 


5 


Hallowell 


Clinton 


30 


Hampden 


Cohasset 


13 


TTniilton 


Concord 

Dalton Town 

Danvers 


31 


Madawaska 

Millinocket 


Stoughton 

Sudbury . 


23 
13 


Milo 

Old Orchard Beach 


Dartmouth 

Dover 

Dracut 


Swampscott 

Swansea 


28 
11 


Old Town 


Tewksbury 


19 



161 



Table 48. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 
1964, Cities With Population Under 25,000 — Continued 



City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 
employees 


City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


MASSACHU- 
SETTS— Continued 


2 

4 

1 

21 

8 

23 

14 

24 

1 

9 

11 

14 

10 

10 

21 

36 

28 

6 

29 
19 
5 
14 
20 

9 

2 

5 

41 

23 

3 

4 

16 

11 

1 

28 
13 
4 
2 
9 

4 

18 
15 
2 
4 
3 
4 
12 
22 
20 
12 
6 
4 
9 
6 
19 
7 
8 
9 
19 

28 

32 

44 
6 

31 
9 
8 
6 


MICHIGAN -Con. 

Huntington Woods. 
Ironwood 


13 
18 
14 

7 
14 

5 

4 
13 

1 
12 

4 
25 
11 

8 

5 
24 
14 

33 

9 

39 

33 

16 
5 

29 

13 
5 

28 
3 

11 
4 
5 

29 
8 

10 
4 
8 

16 
5 

45 

16 

12 
4 
9 
2 
5 

10 

22 

26 
2 
14 
1 
3 
4 
15 
4 
11 
13 
21 
24 
4 
5 
4 

33 

3 

2 

37 

4 

25 
8 
15 


MINNESOTA-Con. 

Aurora 


4 


TnriQfiplfl 


Babbitt... 


3 




Ishpeming 


Bavport 


3 


XJpton 


Lake Orion. . . 


Bemidji 


16 


Walpole 


Lapeer .. 


Benson 


6 


Ware 


Lathrup Village 

Laurium . . . 


Blaine 


8 


W fi rph a rn 


Blue Earth 


5 




Ludington. 


Brainerd .. _ . 


15 


Webster 


Mackinac Island.... 


Bieckenridge 

Brooklyn Park 


8 


West Boylston 

West Bridgewater-. 

WoctfrirH 


9 


Marine City 

Marquette 


2 


Chaska . -.. 


2 


We'^ton 


Marshall 


Chisholm 


12 


We'^tport 


Marvsville 


Columbia Heights.. 

Coon Rapids 

Crookston 


16 


Williamstown 

AVilmington 


Mason 


16 


Alelvindale 


17 


Menominee... . . 


Ciosbv._. 


7 


\\'inthrnr> 


Michigan State 

University 

Milford 


Deephaven ... 


2 


Wrentham 


Detroit Lakes 

Elv 


8 




10 


MICHIGAN 




Eveleth 


11 




IMount Clemens 

Mount Morris 

Mount Pleasant 




13 




Falcon Heights 

Faribault _ . . .. 


3 


\lbion 


20 




Fergus Falls 

Fridley _-. 


17 




Muskegon Heights.. 
Negaunee . 


17 




Gilbert 


6 


Battle Creek 

Township 

Bedford Township.. 


New Baltimore 

Niles 


7 


Golden Valley 

Grand Rapids 

Hastings. - . 


16 


North Muskegon.-. 
Northville 


8 
11 




Norway 


Hibbing 


22 


Berkley 




Hopkins 

Hovt Lakes 


18 


Berrien Springs 

Bessemer 


Owosso 


3 


Oxford 


Hutchinson. 


7 


Beverlv Hills 


Petoskev 


International Falls.. 


10 




Plainwell 


5 


Blissfield 


Pleasant Ridge 


Lauderdale. . 


1 






4 




Portland 


Little Falls 


8 


Cadillac 


River Rouge 

Riverview 


Alankato . - 


33 


Caro 


]Marshall 


12 


Caspian 


Rochester . 


Mendota Heights... 

^Montevideo 

Aloorhead 


3 


Charlotte. 


Rogers City 

Romeo 


8 


Cheboygan 


24 


Chelsea 


Roosevelt Park 

St Clair 




5 






4 


Coldwater 


St Johns 


Mounds View 


2 




St. Joseph 


3 


Crystal Falls 

Davison 


St Louis 


New Brighton 

New Hope . . . 


5 


Sault Ste. Marie— 
Scottville - 


9 




New Prague 

New Ulm 


2 


East Grand Rapids. 
Escanaba 


South Haven 

South Range 

Sparta 


16 


Northfield 


9 




North Mankato 

North St. Paul 

Orono 


5 


Fenton 


Stambaugh 


8 


Flat Rock 


Sturgis 


3 


Gaylord . _ 


Swartz Creek 


Ortonville 


4 


Gibraltar 




16 


Gladstone 


Three Rivers 

Traverse City 

Troy 


Park Rapids 


4 




6 






7 


Grandville 


Vassar 


Red Wing 


16 


Greenville 


Wakefield 


Redwood Falls 

Robbinsdale 

St. Anthony 

St. Paul Park 

St Peter 


4 


Grosse Pointe 

Grosse Pointe 


Walled Lake 

Wavne 


15 
8 


Farms 


Whitehall 


3 


Grosse Pointe 


Woodhaven 


8 


Park 




Sauk Centre 

Sauk Rapids 

Shakopee 


5 


Grosse Pointe 


Z eel and 


3 


Woods 


MINNESOTA 

Albert Lea 


6 


Hancock 


Silver Bay 


4 


Harper Woods 


Sleepy Eye 


4 


South' St. Paul 

Springfield . 


27 


Hillsdale 


Alexandria 


3 


HoUy 


Anoka 


Staples 


4 



162 



Table 48. — Number of Full -Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 
1964, Cities With Population Under 25,000 — Continued 



City by state 



MINNESOTA— Con. 

Stillwater 

Thief River Falls. .- 

Tracy 

Two Harbors 

Virginia 

Wabasha 

Wadena 

Wayzata 

Wells 

West St. Paul 

White Bear Lake--. 

Willmar 

Windom 

Winona 

Worthington 

MISSISSIPPI 

Bay St. Louis 

Brookhaven 

Cleveland 

Durant 

Greenwood 

Indianola 

Long Beach 

McComb 

Ocean Springs 

Senatobia 

Waynesboro 

MISSOURI 

Ballwin 

Bellefontaine 

Neighbors 

Bel-Ridge 

Berkeley 

Bolivar 

Boonville 

Brentwood 

Bridgeton 

Brookfield 

Butler 

Carthage 

Centralia 

Charleston 

Clayton 

Crestwood ^-. 

Creve Coeur 

Crystal City 

Dellwood 

Eldon 

Excelsior Springs. -. 

Farmington 

Fayette 

Flat River 

Frontenac 

Gladstone 

Glendale 

Hannibal 

Hazelwood 

Hermann 

Hillsdale 

Jackson 

Jennings 

Ladue 

Lamar 

Liberty 

Maiden 

Maplewood 

Marceline 

Marshall 

Maryville 

Mexico 

Moberly 

Moline Acres 



Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 



City by state 



MISSOURI— Con. 

Monett 

Nevada 

Normandy 

North Kansas City 

Northwoods 

O'Fallon 

Olivette 

Overland 

Pacific 

Pagedale 

Palmyra 

Pine Lawn 

Potosi 

Raytown 

Richmond Heights. 

Riverview 

Rock Hill 

Rolla 

St. Ann 

St. Charles 

Ste. Genevieve 

Salem 

Shrewsbury 

Slater 

Trenton 

Valley Park 

Vandalia 

Vinita Park 

Warrensburg 

Warson Woods 

Webb City 

West Plains 

MONTANA 

Anaconda 

Baker 

Bozeman 

Choteau 

Conrad 

Culbertson 

Dillon 

Glasgow 

Glendive 

Havre 

Helena 

Lewistown 

Livingston 

Miles City 

Red Lodge 

Shelby 

Sidney 

Whitefish 

Wolf Point 

NEBRASKA 

Alliance 

Auburn 

Aurora 

Beatrice 

Bellevue 

Blair 

Chadron 

Columbus 

Cozad 

Crawford 

Crete 

Fairbury 

Fremont 

Gering 

Hastings 

Holdrege 

Kearney 

McCook 

Millard 

Nebraska City 



Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 



City by state 



NEBRASKA— Con. 

Norfolk 

North Platte 

Ogallala 

Plattsmouth 

Ralston 

ScottsblufE 

Seward 

Sidney 

Superior 

Wahoo 

Wayne 

York 

NEVADA 

Boulder City 

Carson City 

Elko 

Fallon 

Sparks 

Winnemueca 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

Berlin 

Claremont 

Conway 

Derry 

Dover 

Durham 

Hampton 

Hudson 

JalTrey 

Keene 

Littleton 

Milford 

Newmarket 

Newport 

Peterborough 

Rochester 

Salem 

Somersworth 

NEW JERSEY 

Absecon 

Allendale 

Asbury Park 

Atlantic Highlands- 

Audubon 

Bay Head 

Beachwood 

Berkeley Heights. .- 
Bernards Township. 

Bogota 

Boonton 

Bordentown 

Bound Brook 

Bradley Beach 

Bridgeton 

Brielle 

Brigantine 

Burlington 

Butler 

Caldwell 

Cape May 

Carlstadt 

Carteret 

Cedar Grove Town- 
ship 

Chatham Town- 
ship 

Clark 

Clayton 

I Cliffside Park 

I Closter 



Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 



163 



Table 48. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 
1964, Cities With Population Under 25,000 — Continued 



City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 
employees 


NEW JERSEY— Con. 

Collingswood 

Cresskill 


24 
12 

16 
4 
6 
18 
21 
28 
14 

12 
24 
20 
15 
19 

9 
11 
14 
10 

8 
21 
14 

4 
13 
15 
46 

3 
14 
10 
13 
23 
21 
24 

19 

3 

11 

27 
14 
19 
17 
59 
24 
6 
20 
22 
6 
16 
63 
8 
4 
2 
12 
12 
17 
10 
6 
29 

25 
7 
9 
10 
12 

17 
9 

33 
28 
3 
12 


NEW JERSEY— Con. 

Mantoloking 

Manville 


5 
14 

15 

55 
20 
10 
22 
12 

18 
8 

49 
5 

28 

4 

7 

12 

23 
36 
23 

fi 

15 
21 
10 

2 
26 
18 

7 

9 

12 

6 
28 

5 
19 

5 
14 

9 

40 
11 
25 
15 

28 
21 
12 

13 

13 
13 

13 

28 

32 
12 
25 
16 

14 
15 
25 

23 
4 
16 

10 


NEW JERSEY-Con. 
Red Bank 


35 


Ridgefield 


21 


Deal 


Maple Shade 

Township 

Maplewood Town- 
ship 

Margate City 

Matawan 

Mavwood . 


Ridgefield Park 

Ringwood 


20 


Delanco Township . 


8 


River Edge _ 


17 


Denville Township. 


Riverside 

Township 

Rochelle Park 

Township 

Rockaway.. .. . 


11 








11 




Merchant ville 

Metuchen 

Middlesex 




Township 

East Paterson 


Rockaway 
Township 


17 


Midland Park 

Millburn Town- 
ship 

Milltown . - 


9 


Ffitnntnwn 


Roselle 


35 


Edsewater 


RosellePark 

Roxbury 

Township 

Rumson 


21 


Egg Harbor City... 




Millville 


14 


Englewood Cliffs- -. 
Fairfield 


Mine Hill Town- 
ship . 


13 


Runnemede 

Rutherford 

Saddle Brook 

Township 

Scotch Plains 

Sea Isle City 


8 




Montvale.. . ... _ 


38 




Montville Town- 
ship 

Moorestown Town- 
ship. .- 






17 


Flemington 


26 


Florence Township. 


12 




28 




Morris Township... 

Mountain Lakes 

Mountainside 

Mount Holly 

Neptune City 

Netcong 

New Milford 

New Providence 

New Shrewsbury... 

Newton 

North Brunswick 

Township 

North Haledon 

North Plainfield-... 
Northvale . . 


Shrewsbury . 


7 


Franklin 


Somerdale. .. . 


4 


Freehold 


Somers Point 

Somerville ... 


9 




24 




South Brunswick 

Township 

South Orange 

South Plainfield 

South River 

Sparta Township... 
Springfield 




Glen Ridge 


13 


Glen Rock 


45 


Gloucester City 

Gloucester Town- 
ship 

Green Brook 


31 
20 
13 
32 


Township 


Spring Lake Heights 
Stratford 


9 
6 


ship 


Summit 


40 




Tenaflv 


30 


Haddonfield 

Haddon Heights 

Haddon Township.. 
Hanover Township 


North Wildwood... 

Norwood 

Oakland 

Oaklvn 


Toms River 

Union Beach 

Upper Penns Neck 

Township 

Upper Saddle 

River . 


38 
8 

16 


Harrison 

Hasbrouck Heights . 
Haworth 

Hawthnrnp 


Ocean City 

Ocean Grove 

Ocean Township.... 
Oradell 


6 


Ventnor City 

Verona 


26 
25 


Highland Park 

Highlands 


Palisades Interstate 
Park 


Voorhees 

Township 

Waldwick 


6 


Hillsdale 


Palisades Park 

Park Ridge 


11 


Hillside Township 


Wallington 

Wall Township 

Wanaque 


15 


Ho-Ho-Kus 


Passaic Township... 
Paulsboro 


24 


Hopatcong 


7 




Pemberton 

Township 

Penns Grove 

Pequannock 

Township 

Phillipsburg 

Piscataway 

Township 

Pitman 


Washington 

Washington 

Township 

Watchung 


6 


Jefferson Township. 
Keansburg 


11 


Kenilworth 


11 




Weehawken 

Township 

West Caldwell 

West Deptford 

Township 

West Long 

Branch 

West Paterson 

West wood - - - 




Kinnelon 

Lakewood 


43 
22 


Lawrence Town- 
ship 


10 


Lincoln Park 

Linwood 


Pleasantville 

Point Pleasant 

Point Pleasant 
Beach 


8 


Little Ferry 

Little Silver 


10 
20 




Pompton Lakes 






Township 


Wildwood 

Wildwood Crest -..- 
WoodchffLake ._.- 


25 


Lower Township. . . 
Lyndhurst Town- 
ship 


Princeton 

Township 

Prospect Park 

Ramsev 


12 
6 

4 


Madison.. .... 


Wood-Ridge 

Wrightstown 

Wyckoff 


21 


Magnolia. . . 


Randolph 
Township 


2 


Manasquan 


14 



164 



Table 48. — Number of Full -Time Police Department Employees^ December 31. 
1964, Cities With Population Under 25,000 — Continued 



City by state 



NEW MEXICO 



Aztec 

Clayton 

Deming 

Espanola 

Eunice 

Gallup 

Jal 

Las Vegas City-_ 
Las Vegas Town. 

Los Alamos 

Portales 

Silver City 

Tucumcari 

Tularosa 

University Park. 



NEW YORK 

Altamont 

Amityville 

Ardsley 

Asharoken 

Attica 

Baldwinsville 

Ballston Spa 

Batavia 

Bath 

Beacon 

Bethlehem 

Blasdell 

Briarclifl Manor- 

Bronxville 

Canajoharie 

Canandaigua 

Canastota 

Canisteo 

Canton 

Carmel 

Carthage 

Cayuga Heights. 

Cazenovia 

Chittenango 

Clyde 

Cobleskill 

Cohoes 

Cooperstown 

Corinth 

Corning 

Cornwall 

Cortland 

Dansville 

Dobbs Ferry 

Dolgeville 

Dunkirk 

East Aurora 

Eastchester 

Ellenville 

Elmira Heights. . 

Elmsford 

Endicott 

Evans 

Fairport 

Falconer 

Floral Park 

Fort Edward 

Fort Plain 

Fredonia 

Fulton 

Geneva 

Glens Falls 

Gloversville 

Goshen 

Gouverneur 

Gowanda 

Granville 



Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 



City by state 



NEW YORK— Con. 



Green Island 

Greenport 

Hamilton 

Harrison 

Hastings-on- 

Hudson 

Haverstraw 

Herkimer 

Highland 

Highland Falls 

Hoosick Falls 

Hornell 

Horseheads 

Hudson Falls 

Ilion 

Irvington 

Johnson City 

Johnstown 

Kenmore 

Lake Placid 

Lancaster Town 

Lancaster Village.. _ 

Larchmont 

Le Roy 

Lewiston 

Liberty 

Liverpool 

Lynbrook 

Lyons 

Malone 

Malverne 

Mamaroneck 

Massena 

Mechanicville 

Medina 

Middletown 

Monticello 

Mount Kisco 

Mount Pleasant 

Newark 

New Castle 

New Paltz 

New York Mills.... 

North Castle 

North Pelham 

Northport 

North Tarrytown... 

Norwich 

Nunda Town 

Nyack 

Ogdensburg 

Olean 

Oneida 

Oneonta 

Orchard Park 

Ossining 

Oswego 

Owego 

Oxford 

Painted Post 

Palisades Interstate 

Park 

Palmyra 

Peekskill 

Pelham 

Pelham Manor 

Penn Yan 

Plattsburgh 

Pleasant ville 

Port Jervis 

Potsdam 

Poughkeepsie 

Town 

Rensselaer 

Riverhead Town 

Rotterdam 



Number of 
poUce de- 
partment 

employees 



City by state 



NEW YORK— Con 



Rye 

Sag Harbor 

St. Johnsville 

Salamanca 

Saranac Lake 

Saratoga Springs.. - 

Saugerties 

Scarsdale 

Scotia 

Seneca Falls 

Sherrill 

Skaneateles 

Sloan 

Sloatsburg 

Solvay 

Southampton 

South Glens Falls. 

South Nyack 

Spring Valley 

Suffern 

Ticonderoga 

Tuckahoe 

Tupper Lake 

Tuxedo 

Tuxedo Park 

Vestal 

Walden 

Wappingers Falls. . 

Warsaw 

Warwick 

Waterloo 

Watkins Glen 

W^averly 

Webster 

Westfield 

Whitehall 

Whitesboro 

Yorkville 



NORTH 
CAROLINA 

Ahoskie 

Albemarle 

Asheboro 

Ayden 

Beaufort 

Belhaven 

Belmont 

Blowing Rock... 

Boone 

Chapel Hill 

Cherryville 

Clayton 

Clinton 

Concord 

Davidson 

Draper 

Edeuton 

Elizabeth Citv... 

Elkin 

Forest City 

Fuquay Springs _ 

Garner 

Graham 

Granite Falls 

Havelock 

Henderson 

Hendersonville. - 

Hickory 

Jacksonville 

Lake Waccamaw 

Laurinburg 

Leaksville 

Lenoir 

Lexington 



Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 



165 



Table 48. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 
1964, Cities With Population Under 25,000— Continued 



City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


NORTH 
CAROIINA-Con. 


13 

7 
26 
22 
13 
19 
21 

6 

5 
31 

6 
31 
26 
13 
43 

4 
29 
17 

3 

6 

3 
41 
17 
29 

5 
10 

8 
15 
12 

3 
11 
16 

6 
20 
11 

4 

3 
10 
15 

14 
18 
15 
4 
2 
12 
4 
13 
14 

1 
20 
13 
14 
11 

5 
22 
20 

5 
17 
12 

5 
14 
19 
11 
19 
19 

5 

5 

3 


OHIO— Continued 

Chagrin Falls 

Cheviot 

Circleville 


8 
8 
13 
8 
2 
4 
16 
16 

2 

9 

17 

17 

4 

19 

15 

32 

6 

6 

4 

22 

22 

12 

25 

8 

17 

9 

6 

3 

6 

5 

7 

13 

1 

8 

5 

11 

13 

8 

5 

3 

4 

6 

9 

11 

12 

10 

13 

16 

13 

6 

12 

5 

10 
13 
9 
4 
4 
5 
6 
21 
7 
15 
15 

5 

14 
3 
8 
4 
4 
5 
14 
5 
5 
22 


OHIO— Continued 

Napoleon 


9 


Lincolnton 


Navarre . 


2 




Nelson ville 

New Boston 

Newburgh HeightS- 

New Carlisle 

Newcomerstown..-- 

New Lexington 

New Philadelphia.. - 

Newton Falls 

Niles -- 


5 




Clyde 


10 




Coal Grove 


7 


Morehead City 


4 




8 


Mount Airy 

Mount Olive 

Al urf r eesb oro 


Coshocton 


5 


Crestline 

Crooksville 


17 
8 


New Bern 


Deer Park 


22 


Red Springs 

Reidsville 


Defiance 


North Baltimore. ..- 

North Canton 

North Olmsted 

North Royalton 

Norwalk - 


3 


Delaware 


12 


Roanoke Rapids 


23 


Dover 


13 


Salisbury 


Eastlake _-- 


14 


Scotland Neck 

Shelby 


East Liverpool 

Eaton 


Oak Harbor 


2 
37 




Elmwood Place 

Fairport Harbor 

Fairview Park 

Fostoria 


Oberlin 


8 


Spencer 

Spray 


Ontario 


4 


Oregon.- 


21 


Spring Lake 

Statesville 


Orrville 


13 


Ottawa 

Ottawa Hills 

Oxford 


4 


Tarboro 


Fremont - - 


8 






6 


Valdese 




Painesville .. 


20 


Wadesboro 


Gallipolis 


Parma Heights 

Paulding 


16 


^ ake Forest 


Geneva 


3 


Washington 


Georgetown 


Pepper Pike.. 


6 


Waynesville 


Germantown 

Gibsonburg 


12 


Piqua 


19 


NORTH DAKOTA 


Golf Manor.-- 

Grandyiew HeightS- 
Granville 


Port Clinton 


8 
12 


Bottineau 


Reading 


15 


Devils Lake 


Greenfield 


Reynoldsburg 

Richmond Heights.. 


14 




Greenhills 

Greenville.- 

Grove City 


10 


Grafton 


9 


Jamestown 


Rocky River 

St Bernard 


25 


Mandan 


Harrison 


18 




Heath 

Hicksville 

Highland Heights. .- 
Hilliard 




19 


South West Fargo _ _ 
Valley City 


Sebring 


7 


Seven Hills 


5 


AVilliston 




6 




Hillsboro 


Sheffield Lake 

Shelby 


5 


OHIO 


Hubbard 


11 






18 


Amberlev 


Independence... 


Silver Lake. 

Silverton 


3 




8 


Athens 


Kent 


Solon . . 


18 


Aurora 


Kenton 


South Charleston- - 


2 






5 






Stow - ... -- 


14 


Barnesville 


Leetonia 


Strongsville 

Tallmadge 


15 


Bay Village 


Lincoln Heights 

Lockland.-- 

Logan 

Louisville 

Loveland 

Madeira 

Mariemont 

Marietta 


13 




Tiffin - -- - 


25 




Tipp City 


4 


ship 

Bedford . . 


Trotwood 


6 


Trov 


13 


Bedford Heights 

Bellaire 


Twinsburg 

Union City - .. 


12 
4 


Bellevue 


Urbana- 


14 


Belpre. .... 


]1 




Maumee 

Medina 

Mentor-on-the- 
Lake 

Miamisburg 

Middleport 

Mingo Junction 


Van Wert 


13 


Bexlev 


Wadsworth 


18 


Blanchester.. 


Wapakoneta 

Washington Court 
House 


7 


Bowling Green 

Brecksville 


14 


Bridgeport 


Wauseon 

Waverly.- 


3 


Brooklyn . 


4 


Brook Park.. 


6 


Bryan 


Montgomery 

Montpelier 

Moraine 

Mount Gilead 

Mount Healthy 

Mount Vernon 


Wellsville 


7 


Cambridge.-- 


West Carrollton 

Westerville 


6 


Campbell 


10 


Canfield 


West Jefferson 

Westlake 

Wickliffe 


2 


Carev 


21 


Carrollton 


18 



166 



Table 48. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 
1964, Cities With Population Under 25,000— Continued 



City by state 



OHIO— Continued 

Willard 

Willoughby 

Willoughby Hills. - 

Willowick 

Wilmington 

Windham 

Wintersville 

Woodlawn 

W^ooster 

Worthington 

Wyoming 

Yellow Springs 

OKLAHOMA 

Ada 

Alva 

Anadarko___ 

Blackwell 

Broken Arrow 

Cherokee 

Chickasha 

Claremore 

Cleveland 

Clinton 

Collinsville 

Cushing 

Del City 

Dewey 

Drumright 

Duncan 

Durant 

Elk City 

El Reno 

Guthrie 

Healdton 

Henryetta 

Hollis 

Hominy 

Idabel 

Kingfisher 

Lindsay 

Madill 

Mangum 

McAlester 

Miami 

Nichols Hills 

Nowata 

Perry 

Purcell 

Sallisaw 

Sand Springs 

Sapulpa 

Spiro 

Tahlequah 

Tecumseh 

Tonkawa 

Vinita 

Wagoner 

Warr Acres 

Wewoka 

OREGON 

Albany 

Ashland 

Astoria 

Baker 

Beaverton 

Bend 

Brookings 

Central Point 

Coos Bay 

Cottage Grove 

Dallas 

Empire. 



Number of 
poUce de- 
partment 

employees 



City by state 



OREGON— Con. 



Forest Grove 

Gladstone 

Grants Pass 

Ilillsboro 

Hood River 

Klamath Falls 

La Grande 

Lake Oswego 

Lake view 

Lebanon 

Milton-Freewater. 

Milwaukie 

Myrtle Point 

Newberg 

Newport 

North Bend 

Ontario. 

Oregon City 

Pendleton 

Prineville 

Redmond 

Reedsport 

Roseburg 

St. Helens 

Seaside 

Silverton 

Springfield 

The Dalles 

Tillamook 

Toledo 

West Linn 

Woodburn 



PENNSYLVANIA 



Aldan 

Ambler 

Ambridge 

Annville 

Arnold 

Ashland 

Athens 

Baden 

Barnesboro 

Beaver 

Beaver Falls 

Bedford 

Bellefonte 

Bellevue 

Bellwood 

Ben Avon 

Bentleyville 

Berwick 

Birdsboro 

Blairsville 

Boyertown 

Bradford 

Brentwood 

Bristol 

Brownsville 

Burnham-Derry 

Township 

Butler 

Butler Township. _. 

Cain Township. 

Cambridge Springs. 

Camp Hill 

Canonsburg 

Carnegie.. 

Chambersburg 

Churchill 

Clairton 

Clarion 

Clarks Summit 

Clearfield 

I Clymer 



Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 



City by state 



PENNSYLVANIA— 
Continued 

Coaldale 

Coal Township 

Columbia 

C onnellsville 

Coplay 

Coraopolis 

Corry 

Coudersport 

Crafton 

Cresson 

Cressona 

Cumru Township. 

Curwensville 

Dallastown 

Danville 

Darby 

Derry 

Dickson City 

Doylestown 

Du Bois 

Duquesne 

Duryea. 

East Lansdowne..- 
East Norriton 

Township 

East Stroudsburg.- 
Easttown Town- 
ship 

Ebensburg 

Edgeworth 

Elizabethtown 

Elizabeth Town- 
ship 

Ellwood City 

Emmaus 

Emporium 

Ephrata 

Etna 

Exeter Township.. . 

Farrell 

Fleetwood 

Ford City 

Forest City 

Forest Hills 

Forty Fort 

Fountain Hill 

Frackville 

Franklin Township 

Freedom 

Freeland 

Glassport 

Greensburg 

Green Tree 

Grove City 

Hamburg 

Hampden Town- 
ship 

Hanover 

Hatboro 

Hellertown 

Honesdale 

Horsham Town- 
ship 

Hummelstown 

Huntingdon 

Indiana 

Ingram 

Jeannette 

Jefferson 

Jenkintown 

Jersey Shore 

Jim Thorpe 

Johnsonburg 

Kenhorst 

Kennett Square 



Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 



167 



Table 48. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 
1964, Cities With Population Under 25,000 — Continued 



City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


PENNSYLVANIA— 
Continued 

Kingston _ . 


18 
17 
4 
2 

4 
4 
6 
3 
4 

16 
4 
2 

16 

5 
6 

6 

14 
2 

8 

8 

28 

16 
1 

18 

25 
4 

12 
3 
7 
9 
5 

21 

12 
2 

10 
9 
4 

11 
3 

7 

1 
23 

2 
14 

5 

10 

6 
2 
2 
30 
2 
3 
4 

15 

2 

14 
27 

4 

6 

4 

6 

5 

2 

2 


PENNSYLVANIA— 
Continued 

Penn Township 
(Westmoreland 
Countv) 


5 

2 
5 

19 
3 
7 

15 

23 
2 
2 

28 
5 

11 
9 

46 
2 
2 
2 
3 
9 
1 

1 
4 
5 

2 

4 

21 

33 

8 
7 
5 
5 
3 
2 
8 
4 

7 
2 

1 
3 

1 
1 
2 
4 

6 

24 

5 
12 
16 

9 

2 

3 

12 
18 

9 

4 

1 
19 

5 

3 

23 
16 

7 
8 


PENNSYLVANIA- 
Continued 

Uniontown 


34 




Upper Gwynedd 




Lansford 


7 


Laureldale 

Lawrence Park 


Penn Township 

(York County)-.. 
Philipsburg 


Upper Merion 
Township 


27 


Township 


Upper Saucon 






Phoenixville 


2 




Upper Southamp- 
ton Township 

Vandergrift 




Lemoyne 


Plains Township-... 

Pleasant Hills 

Plymouth 


9 


Lewisburg 


9 


Lewistown 


Verona 


6 


Ligonier... . 


Port Allegany 

Port Carbon 

Pottsville 




32 


Littlestown 


Weatherlv 


2 


Lock Haven 


Wellsboro... 


4 


Lower Allen Town- 


Prospect Park 

Punxsutawney 

Quakertown 

Radnor Township.. 
Renovo 


Weslevville 


3 




West Chester 

West Goshen 
Township 


23 


Lower Burrell 

Lower Providence 


8 


Township . . 


West Lampeter 




Lower Southamp- 


Republic — 


1 


ton Township 


Reserve Township.. 

Reynoldsville 

Rochester.. 


Westmont-. 


5 


Lykens- 


West Newton 

West Norriton 
Township 


3 


Mahanov Citv 




Marcus Hook . . 


Rockledge 


7 


Marple Township. _. 
McCandless Town- 


Rosslyn Farms 
Borough 


West Reading 

West View 


6 

8 


ship.. . . 


Royersford 


Whitehall 


17 


McConnellsburg .. 


St. Marys 


Whitehall Town- 
ship 




McKees Rocks 


Salisbury Town- 
ship 


16 


Meadville.. 


Whitemarsh Town- 
ship 




Mechanicsburg 


Selinsgrove 


18 


Media 


Shaler Township.... 
Sharon .. 


Whitpain Town- 
ship 




Meyersdale . . 


6 


Millvale 


Sharon Hill 


Wilkins Township.. 

Williamstown 

Willistown Town- 
ship 


6 


Milton 


Sharpsburg 


2 


Miners ville 


Sharpsville 




Monessen .. 


Shillington 


6 


Monongahela 


Slatington .. 


Wilson Borough 

Windber 


4 


Montoursville 


Slippery Rock 

Somerset 


5 


M orris ville 


Winton Boro 

Wyomissing 

Yeadon. 


3 


Mount Oliver 

Mount Penn .. 


Souderton 

South Fayette 

Township 

South Greensburg- . 
South Lebanon 

Township 


10 

18 


Mount Pleasant . . 


Youngwood 


2 


Mount Union 




4 


Muhlenberg Town- 
ship .. 


RHODE ISLAND 




Muncy ... . 


Southmont 

Southwest Greens- 
burg 




Munhall 


17 


Myerstown . 


Burrillville 


6 


Nanticoke... 


S peers Boro 


Central Falls 

Cumberland 

East Greenwich 

Jamestown 


36 


Narberth... 




24 


Nether Providence 


Springdale.. . .. 


13 


Township. 


Springettsbury 
Township 


4 


New Brighton .... 


Johnston 


19 


New Cumberland.. 


Springfield Town- 
ship 


Lincoln . 


15 


New Eagle 


Narragansett 

North Kingstown... 
North Smithfield_._ 


14 


New Holland 

New Kensington 


Spring Township... 
Steelton 


23 
3 


North Belle Vernon 


Stowe Township.... 

Str oudsburg 

Sugar Notch 

Summit Hill 

Sunbury 


11 


North Catasauqua. 


Smithfield 


13 


North East. .. 


South Kingstown- . 
Westerly 


20 


North Huntingdon 


23 


Township 


West Warwick 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

Aiken.... 


29 


North Sewickley 


Swissvale 




Township 


Tamaqua 




North Versailles 


Taylor 




Township 


Telford 


23 


Oil City 


Titusville 




47 


Old Forge.. 


Towanda 


Andrews 


6 


Olyphant 


Trafford 


Beaufort 


15 


Oxford. 


TredyfTrin Town- 
ship 

Turtle Creek 

Tyrone 


Bennettsville 

Camden .. . .. 


11 
20 


Palmer Township.. 


Palmyra 


Chester 


11 


Pen Argyl 


Conway 


18 


Penbrook... 


Union City 


Darlington 


18 



168 



Table 48.- 



Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 
1964, Cities With Population Under 25,000— Continued 



City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


SOUTH CAROIINA 
— Continued 


1 

9 
19 
34 
17 
20 

5 
13 
23 
10 
32 

9 

6 
17 

2 

5 

3 
16 

5 
11 
18 

7 
15 

5 
10 

8 
16 

4 

12 
25 
44 
7 
25 
23 
23 
4 
5 
13 
10 
6 
17 
4 

12 

26 

5 

29 

1 

9 

6 

10 

19 

16 

5 

3 

15 

7 

12 

15 

17 
8 
3 
7 
10 
24 
6 
3 


TEXAS— Continued 

Brownfield 


19 

24 

12 

3 

14 

9 

4 

7 

18 

5 

5 

1 

5 

28 

8 

4 

11 

25 

2 

5 

3 

13 

8 

12 

5 

16 

8 

15 

12 

26 

15 

13 

5 

6 

12 

24 

16 

3 

19 

24 

16 

10 

20 

3 

4 

4 

15 

11 

6 

7 

24 

7 

4 

4 

24 

8 

5 

14 

15 

9 

6 

21 

8 

17 

5 

3 

15 
28 
4 
12 
34 
12 
6 
13 
10 
6 


TEXAS— Continued 

Richland Hills 


9 


Duncan 




4 
17 

7 


Fort Mill 


Burkburnett 

Canadian 


Robstown 


Gaflney ._. 


Rockdale 

Rosenberg 


Greenwood- _. _ . 


Carrollton 


Greer 


Carthage 


Rotan 


2 


Hartsville 


Castle Hills 


Rusk 


Honea Path 


Cisco 


San Benito 


14 


Lake City 




Slaton. 






CockrellHill 

College Station 


South Houston 

Stephenville 


11 
10 


North Augusta 

Orangeburg .. 


Winnsboro 


Comanche 


Taft 


2 




Corsicana 


Taylor 


14 


SOUTH DAKOTA 


Crockett 


Tulia 


8 




Daingerfield 

Deer Park 


Uvalde.. 


13 


Belle Fourche 


Vernon 


19 


Brookings 


Denison 


Waxahachie 

Weather ford 

Wellington 


18 


Canton 


Dimmitt 


12 


Deadwood. 


Donna 


1 


Fort Pierre 


Dublin 


Weslaco 


14 


Huron . .._ . 




West Columbia 

White Settlement... 
Winters 


2 


Lead 


Duncanville 


10 


Madison 


Mitchell 


Eastland 


Yoakum 


4 


Mobridge . _ 




UTAH 

American Fork 

Bountiful 




Pierre ... _. . 


Electra 




Sisseton 






Spearfish 


Euless 


g 


Vermillion 


Farmers Branch 

Freeport 


13 


Watertown... 


Heber 


4 


Winner . . 


Galena Park 

Georgetown 


Helper 


4 




Layton . 


7 


TENNESSEE 


Gilmer. . 


Lehi -. 


5 




Graham 


Mid vale 


6 


Alcoa ... 


Greenville 


Moab 


5 


Bristol 






16 


Clarksville 


Henrietta 


Park City 


2 


Clinton 




Roy 


9 


Columbia 


Highland Park 

Hillsboro 


St. George 

South Ogden 

Sunset 


4 
5 


Dyersburg- 


Greeneville... 


Huntsville 


4 


Jefferson City- 


Hurst 


Tooele 


13 


La Folette 


Ingleside 


Vernal 


6 


Lebanon 


Iowa Park 


VERMONT 




Lexington 


Jefferson 

Kermit 

Kerrville 

Lake Jackson 

Lake Worth Village. 

Lamesa 

Lewis ville. 








Marvville 


16 




Essex Junction 

Hartford 




Millington.. . . 


7 




Manchester Center. 


2 


Mount Pleasant-. 


2 


Murfreesboro-. 


Liberty 

Mathis 

McKinney 

Mercedes 


Montpelier 


9 


Norris. . 




1 


Ripley 




7 


Rockwood 


Northfield 


2 


Savannah... 


Randolph 

Rutland 


2 


Shelbyville . 


Mission 


27 


Signal Mountain . 


Monahans 

Mount Pleasant 

Muleshoe 

Nacogdoches 

Nederland 

New Braunfels 

Olney 

Palacios 


St. Albans. 


10 


Smyrna... 


South Burlington... 
Springfield . . 


10 


South Fulton 


9 


Springfield 

Sweetwater 


Windsor 

Winooski 

VIRGINIA 


6 
6 


Tullahoma 




Union City 




TEXAS 


10 


Alice 


Paris 

Pear Ridge 

Pecos 

Plain view 


AltaVista 

Bedford 


6 
12 




Big Stone Gap 

Blacksburg 


9 


Atlanta 


11 


Ballinger 

Bonham 


Piano 

Portland 


Bristol 

Buena Vista 

Chase City 


24 
13 


Borger 


Port Lavaca 

Raymond ville 

Refugio 


5 


Brady 


Covington 

Fianklin 


16 


Bridgeport 


14 



169 



Table 48. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 
1964, Cities With Population Under 25,000 — Continued 



City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


City by state 


Number of 
police de- 
partment 

employees 


City by state 


Number of 
pohce de- 
partment 
employees 


VIRGINIA-Con. 

Fredericksburg 

Front Royal 

Harrisonburg 

Hopewell 


28 
18 
22 
25 
15 

8 
13 

8 

2 
16 
16 
18 

6 
17 
35 
29 

8 
11 
27 
18 
31 
10 

27 

8 
24 
26 
3 
4 
9 
17 
10 

5 

4 

5 

5 

4 

22 

14 

8 

11 

1 

5 

16 

16 

18 

16 

12 

28 

3 

15 

14 

18 

16 

11 

6 

1 

24 

19 

6 

4 

19 

6 

40 

3 

11 


WASHINGTON— 
Continued 


7 
10 
10 

3 
4 
30 

25 
4 
2 

10 
5 
8 
8 
9 
2 

19 

23 
8 
6 
8 
5 
4 
3 
8 
2 

4 

12 

14 

8 

19 

7 

24 

13 

9 

3 

21 

8 

4 

26 

3 

5 

9 

6 

20 

25 

6 

12 
17 
8 
9 
4 
6 
4 
6 
13 
3 
3 
4 
12 


WISCONSIN-Con. 

Little Chute 

Marinette - .-- 


4 
18 


Sunnyside 

Toppenish 

Town of Mercer 
Island 

WashougaL- ._ . .- 


Marshfield 


22 


IMavville - .-- 


4 


TyPvinB+nn 


]\Ienasha . 


28 


Manassas 


Menomonee ralls_.. 
Menomonie.— 


20 


Marion 


14 


"NJnrtnn 


Wenatchee 


Mequon 


12 




WEST VIRGINIA 

Benwood 

Bluefield 


Merrill 


16 


Pulaski 


Middleton. 


6 


Radford 


Monona - -. .- - 


10 




Monroe - - . 


12 


Saltville 


Neenah .-- 


36 








5 




Chester 


New Holstein 

New Richmond 

Oak Creek 


3 


Suffolk 


Dunbar . _ . 


5 


Vinton 


FoUansbee . . _ 


23 




Grafton .-. 


Oconomowoc 

Onalaska 


12 


W aynesbor 

Williamsburg 


Hinton 


2 




Peshtigo - -- 


4 




Platteville_ - 


11 


Wvtheville 


Martinsburg 

Morgantown_._. 

Nitro 


Port Washington. -- 
Prairie du Chien.— 
Reedsburg 


9 


WASHINGTON 


6 
10 




Point Pleasant 

Ravenswood.. 


Rhinelander 

Rice Lake. _ - 


15 
11 




Richland Center.-. 
Ripon -- - 


8 


\uburn 


Ripley - - 


8 






River Falls 


6 






Rothschild 


3 


B urlington 


Williamstown 

WISCONSIN 


Schofield - - 


4 






9 


Centralia 


Sheboygan Falls 

Shorewood - - -- 


5 


Chehalis 


27 


Clarkston 


South Milwaukee. __ 


29 




Antigo ----- 


10 


Colfax 


\shland 


Spooner 


5 


College Place 

Colville 




Stevens Point 

Stoughton - . 


29 


Beaver Dam 

Berlin 


10 


Des Aloines 


Sturgeon Bay,. 


9 




Brookfield- -- - 


5 








8 


Enumclaw 


Cedarburg 


Two Rivers 


20 




Chilton 




4 


Fircrest 


Chippewa Falls 

Clintonville 


Waterford 


3 


Grandview 


Watertown 


19 










Kelso 


Cudahv - --- 




9 




Dodgeville - - - 


West Bend - - 


16 


Kent 


Elkhorn.- -- -- 


West Milwaukee... 

Whitefish Bay 

Whitewater 

Wisconsin Rapids... 

WYOMING 

Buffalo 


24 


Kirkland 




26 






9 


Lvnden 


Fox Point 


30 




Glendale . 






Grafton - - - 




Moses Lake 


Greendale 




Mountlake Terrace 


Greenfield 


5 




Hales Corners 

Hartford 




5 


Oak Harbor 


Gillette 


13 


Orting 


Horicon 


Green River 


5 


Pasco - 




11 


Port Angeles 

Port Orchard 


Hurlev 


Laramie - . . 


23 


Jefferson 


Powell 


10 


Port Townsend - .. 






13 








15 


Raymond . _ . 


Kiel 

Kimberly 

Lake Geneva 

Lake Mills 


Rock Springs 

Sheridan 


17 


Renton 


16 


Selah 




10 


Shelton 


Torrington . . 


10 











170 



Table 49. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1964, Cities and Towns 
25,000 and Over in Population 



City 



Cities over 250,000 in 
population 



Akron, Ohio 

Atlanta, Ga 

Baltimore, Md. .- 
Birmingham, Ala, 
Boston, Mass 



Buffalo, N.Y 

Chicago, 111 

Cincinnati, Ohio.. 
Cleveland, Ohio i. 
Columbus, Ohio.. 



Dallas, Tex... 
Dayton, Ohio. 
Denver, Colo.. 
Detroit, Mich. 
El Paso, Tex.. 



Fort Worth, Tex_. 
Honolulu, Hawaii - 

Houston, Tex 

Indianapolis, Ind.. 
Jersey City, N.J... 

Kansas City, Mo.. 
Long Beach, Calif. 
Los Angeles, CaliL 

Louisville, Ky 

Memphis, Tenn.L 



Miami, Fla.i 

Milwaukee, Wis 

Minneapolis, Minn. 
Nashville, Tenn.L. 
Newark, N.J 



New Orleans, La 

New York, N.Y 

Norfolk, Va 

Oakland, Calif 

Oklahoma City, Okla. 



Omaha, Nebr 

Philadelphia , Pa- 
Phoenix, Ar'z 

Pittsburgh, Pa... 
Portland, Oreg... 



Rochester, N.Y... 
Sacramento, Calif. 

St. Louis, Mo 

St. Paul, Minn..__ 
San Antonio, Tex. 



San Diego, Calif 

San Francisco, Calif. 

San Jose, Calif 

Seattle, Wash 

Tampa, Fla 



Toledo, Ohio 

Tulsa, Okla 

Washington, D.C. 
Wichita, Kans 



Index 

total 



5,758 
15, 594 

18, 637 
8,799 

19,011 

9,798 
117, 272 

6,871 
17, 254 
10, 506 

12,852 
5,070 

14, 615 

40, 749 

4,886 

7,024 
7,757 
27, 787 
12, 815 
3,144 

15, 081 
11,035 

106, 151 
10, 573 
11,533 

13,610 
9,965 

14, 220 
9,845 

21,055 

19, 626 
173, 406 

6,280 
9,969 
8,118 

4,560 
32, 114 

16, 405 
16, 556 

9, 764 

4,904 
7,143 

26, 692 
8,862 
14, 697 

9,859 
24, 302 

5,016 
11,718 

9,531 

6,225 

6,147 

22, 932 

4,374 



Criminal 
homicide 



Murder 
and 
non- 
negli- 
gent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



12 
106 
144 

58 
52 

21 
398 

38 
116 

25 

149 
31 
33 

125 
5 

68 

9 

137 

45 

17 



17 
177 
43 
45 

31 

29 
17 



82 
636 
32 
37 
21 

22 

188 
40 
41 



22 

17 

120 



14 
132 

16 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



15 
36 
68 
15 
36 

1 

212 
30 
20 
16 



58 
10 
216 
32 
32 



56 
56 

38 
59 
34 
43 
33 

18 
119 
49 

27 
27 



Forci- 
ble 
rape 



25 
105 
148 

38 

84 

42 
188 
113 
106 



114 
30 
163 

475 
25 

45 

7 

236 

94 

15 

205 

115 

987 

46 



152 
1,054 

42 
66 



34 
461 
113 
139 

44 

26 

67 

249 

32 

78 



52 



41 



Rob- 
bery 



270 

591 

1,382 

317 



379 

16, 832 

457 

1,691 

470 

664 
266 
986 
4,739 
136 

364 

71 

1,437 

1,142 

125 

1,180 
807 

6,740 
553 
352 

1,151 

245 

806 

329 

1,654 

1, 289 

7,988 

268 

771 

518 

220 
2,753 

558 
1, 132 

474 

119 
369 
2,202 
335 
339 

419 
1,708 
126 
491 
560 

405 

173 

2,279 

145 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



136 
1,066 
2,596 
1,070 

884 

347 

11,841 

702 

1,088 

593 



373 

537 

3,792 

281 

418 

252 

2,499 

502 

177 

1, 126 
437 

8,900 
399 
365 



442 

499 

311 

2,119 

1,074 

14, 831 

850 

505 

506 

33 

4,404 
873 
759 
245 

136 
172 

2,054 

296 

1,036 

447 

1,653 

81 

328 

812 

310 

327 

2,605 

283 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



1,942 
5,506 
4,792 
3,448 
4,582 

4,096 
31,709 
2,764 
8,739 
4,688 

5,634 
2,337 
6,088 
15, 839 
2,554 



4, 121 

13, 995 

5, 280 

846 

6,484 
4,676 
43, 362 
3,983 
5,837 

6,658 
2, 324 
6,877 
4,960 
8,004 

6,970 
45, 693 
2,388 
4,552 
4,387 

1,924 
12, 869 
6,764 
5,777 
3,715 

2,581 
2,916 
13, 463 
4,411 
6,843 

3,073 
9,974 
2, 600 
4,932 
4,901 



Larceny- 
theft 



$50 
and 
over 



1,594 
4,010 
5,401 
2,780 
2,349 

2,208 
23, 426 
1,709 
1,042 
2,576 

1,573 

971 

3,358 

6,169 

787 

1,135 
1,898 
4,973 
2,493 
127 

3,337 

2,553 
26, 453 
3,708 
3,283 

2,843 
3, 938 
3,260 
1,995 
4,415 

4,455 

70, 348 

1, 867 

2,109 

707 

985 
4,443 
5,269 
3,427 
3,425 

1,135 
2,165 
2,767 
2,128 
4,320 

4,089 
3,663 
754 
3,983 
2,165 

2,021 
2,002 
3,518 
1,057 



Under 

$50 



5,406 
9,088 
0, 292 
4,740 
3,354 

3,932 
55, 124 

7,306 
12, 572 

6,214 

16. 106 
4,846 
8,373 

30, 206 
5,305 

8,762 
5,110 
14, 055 
9,423 
276 

12, 274 
4,710 

40, 902 
5,063 
5,140 

6,434 
10, 014 
8,450 
2,339 
6,232 

6,210 
41, 226 
4,796 
8,427 
7,234 

5,769 
17, 006 
10, 851 
4,690 
7,313 

4,153 

5,247 
28, 092 
5,325 
9,849 



27, 384 
10,511 
9,686 
5,925 

8,159 
4,630 
7,402 
5,533 



See footnote at end of table. 



171 



Table 49. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1964, Cities and Towns 
25,000 and Over in Population — Continued 



City 



Cities 100,000 to 250,000 
in population 



Abilene, Tex 

Albany, N.Y 

Albuquerque, N. Mex. 

Alexandria, Va 

Allentowii, Pa 



Amarillo, Tex 

Anaheim, Calif... 

Arlington, Va 

Austin, Tex 

Baton Rouge, La. 



Beaumont, Tex... 
Berkeley, Calif... 
Bridgeport, Coim. 
Cambridge, Mass. 
Camden, X.J 



Canton, Ohio 

Charlotte, N.C 

Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Columbia, S.C 

Columbus, Ga 



Corpus Christi, Tex. 

Dearborn, Mich 

Des Moines, lowa... 

Duluth, Minn 

EUzabeth, N.J 



Erie, Pa 

Evansville, Ind 

Fall River, Mass 

Flint, Mich 

Fort Lauderdale, Fla. 



Fort Wajme, Lid 

Fresno, Cahf 

Garden Grove, CaliL 
Gary, Ind 

Glendale, Calif 



Grand Rapids, Mich_ 

Greensboro, N.C 

Hammond, Ind 

Hampton, Va 

Hartford, Conn 



Huntsville, Ala 

Jackson, Miss 

Jacksonville, Fla--. 
Kansas City, Kans- 
Knoxville, Tenn 



Lansing, Mich... 

Lincoln, Nebr 

Little Rock, Ark. 

Lubbock, Tex 

Macon, Ga 



Madison, Wis 

Mobile, Ala 

Montgomery, Ala... 
New Bedford, Mass- 
New Haven. Conn.. 



Index 
total 



1,307 
1,707 
4,971 
2,112 
1,060 

3, 250 
3, 599 

2,874 
3,894 
3,587 

1.447 
2,533 
2,849 
3,122 
2,855 

1,414 

5,824 
2,626 
3,037 

1,887 

4,462 
2,078 
2,982 
1,363 
2,560 

1,344 

3,689 
2,093 
7, 530 
3,782 

2,739 
4,453 
2,601 
5, 365 
2,185 

2,809 
2,397 
1,994 
1, 396 
3,192 

2,918 
1,420 
6,834 

2,740 
2,694 

1,782 
1,261 
3,537 
2,959 
3,173 

1,192 
5,114 



2,719 
2,428 



Criminal 
homicide 



Murder 
and 
non- 
negh- 
gent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



3 


1 


5 


1 


1 


15 


7 


4 


1 


8 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



5 


g- 


4 


10 


30 




21 


24 


17 


o 


15 


16 


12 




9 


15 


3 


3 




1 


4 


9 


1 


5 


4 


7 




1 



Forci- 
ble 
rape 



Rob- 
bery 



16 
45 
164 
111 
30 



76 
48 
89 
65 

39 
182 
51 
77 
213 

55 
221 
95 
59 
50 

95 
78 
89 
17 
151 



38 
418 
135 

122 
159 

33 
473 

54 

143 

27 
125 
35 



57 
22 
629 
181 
50 

32 
17 
156 
64 
75 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



20 

68 

181 

351 

6 

159 
75 
156 
453 
149 

241 
91 
45 
38 

166 



121 



28 

46 

15 

212 



168 
56 
271 



133 

128 
78 

683 
35 

105 
803 
118 
92 
217 

717 
145 
493 
384 

225 



82 
241 
232 
447 



28 7 

158 318 

Incomplete 
51 I 145 
39 150 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



631 

758 

2,710 

850 



1,577 
1, 836 



Larceny- 
theft 



$50 
and 
over 



468 
248 
904 
546 
415 



966 
1,127 
1,268 
1, 904 943 
1, 700 1, 230 



748 
1,348 
1,373 

826 
1,314 

508 
2,842 
1,713 
1,452 

760 

1,880 
785 

1,286 
644 

1,201 

551 
1, 826 
1,044 
2,267 
1,824 

811 
1,646 
1,172 
1,476 

957 

1, 273 
592 
614 
660 

1,533 

857 

788 

3,115 

1,183 

1,367 

484 

459 

1,350 

1,328 

1,609 

372 
3,039 

1,183 
932 



227 
516 
687 
797 
563 

511 
1,417 
346 
819 
420 

1,571 
729 

1,040 
449 
421 

294 
1,098 

318 
2,446 
1,117 

1,214 

1,517 

930 

1,414 

726 



647 
718 
469 
672 

907 
259 
1,795 
426 
460 

778 

529 

1,242 

1,008 

658 



961 



Under 

$50 



509 
464 



564 
5,038 
1,831 

925 

2,442 
2,684 
2,572 
4,510 
3,372 

1,771 
3,385 
1,621 
719 
1,266 

1,378 
2,735 
1,281 
2,340 
1,193 

2,847 
3,496 
3,001 
1, 810 
1,802 

1,361 
2,561 
480 
4, 520 
2,987 

3,306 
3.919 
1,722 
2,667 
1,761 

2,055 
1,955 
1,628 
1,005 
2,472 

1,435 
1,837 
4,496 
1,869 
1,782 

2,584 
2,434 
2,941 
2,540 
1,767 

2,265 
1,986 

1,276 
1,984 



822 
833 



172 



Table 49.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1964, Cities and Towns 
25,000 and Over in Population — Conliniiied 



City 



Cities 100,000 to 250,000 
in population— Con. 

Newport News, Va 

Niagara Falls, N.Y.., 

Pasadena, Calif 

Paterson, N.J 

Peoria, 111 



Portsmouth, Va._ 
Providence, R. I- 

Raleigh, N.C 

Richmond, Va__- 
Riverside, Calif. . 



Roanoke, Va 

Rockford, 111 

Saginaw, Mich 

St. Petersburg, F3a_._ 
Salt Lake City, Utah. 

San Bernardino, 
CaUf 

Santa Ana, Calif 

Savannah, Ga 

Scranton, Pa 

Shreveport, La 



South Bend, Ind_ 
Spokane, Wash... 
Springfield, Mass. 
Stamford, Conn_. 
Syracuse, N.Y.'.. 



Tacoma, Wash. 
Topeka, Kans.. 
Torrance, Cahf. 
Trenton, N.,I... 
Tucson, Ariz... 



Utica, N.Y 

Virginia Beach, Va 

Waco, Tex 

Warren, Mich 

Waterbury, Conn 

Wichita Falls, Tex 

Winston-Salem, N.C_. 

Worcester, Mass 

Yonkers, N.Y 

Youngstown, Ohio 

Cities 50,000 to 100,000 
in population 

Abington TowTiship, 
Pa 

Alameda, Calif 

Albany, Ga 

Alhambra, Calif 

Altoona, Pa 



Amherst, N.Y 

Anchorage, Alaska 
Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Appleton, Wis 

Arlington, Mass.. 



Index 
total 



2,180 
1. 622 
3, 315 
2,551 
2,567 

2,752 
5,479 
2,287 
6,534 
3,304 

1,865 
1,443 
1, 442 
3,970 
5,238 



3,231 

2, 599 

3, 608 
928 

3,509 

1,787 

1, 626 
2,027 
1,808 
4,527 

2.407 
1,430 
3,835 
3,119 
4,212 

661 
1,702 
2,285 
2,073 

1,872 

1,169 

2,487 

2, 263 
3,108 
1,942 



516 
509 
537 
1,093 
412 

717 
1,059 
1,392 

273 

2S3 I 



Criminal 
homicide 



Murder 
and 
non- 
negli- 
gent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



Forci- 
ble 
rape 









Larceny- 






Bur- 


theft 










Aggra- 


glary— 






Rob- 


vated 


break- 






bery 


assault 


ing or 


$50 








enter- 


and 


Under 






mg 


over 


$50 


98 


312 


911 


532 


1,718 


62 


51 


642 


614 


1,098 


108 


230 


1,538 


913 


2, 993 


172 


140 


1, 266 


183 


1, 165 


179 


180 


947 


631 


1,992 


91 


258 


1,341 


632 


1,558 


93 


219 


2,289 


1,126 


3, 060 


40 


416 


892 


645 


1,605 


241 


527 


3,057 


1,319 


5,051 


80 


120 


1,637 


1, 042 


2,458 


77 


137 


868 


479 


1,598 


85 


37 


673 


444 


1,707 


57 


226 


647 


242 


2,143 


172 


219 


2.205 


1,050 


4,672 


175 


132 


2,206 


1,898 


4,942 


115 


121 


1,367 


1,087 


2,327 


84 


153 


1,387 


469 


2,851 


195 


368 


1, 755 


767 


1,584 


12 


26 


444 


146 


853 


112 


548 


1,547 


639 


3,216 


53 


66 


778 


556 


3,029 


35 


40 


676 


423 


3,450 


17 


34 


583 


497 


1, 255 


48 


96 


937 


404 


403 


151 


289 


1,625 


1,725 


3,520 


65 


70 


1,143 


628 


2,690 


46 


147 


682 


335 


2,299 


107 


76 


1,982 


1,076 


2,282 




159 


1,345 


444 


194 


144 


174 


1,820 


1,080 


6,134 


17 


14 


329 


174 


1,101 


50 


173 


622 


668 


1, 565 


43 


220 


1,402 


390 


1,924 


44 


80 


928 


738 


1, 986 


25 


67 


727 


424 


588 


40 


152 


484 


308 


1,834 


74 


746 


1,003 


372 


1,513 


47 


44 


1,089 


294 


1,868 


78 


148 


1,269 


899 


1, 762 


71 


154 


821 


522 


1,381 


11 


5 


222 


202 


311 


24 


13 


241 


114 


992 


19 


41 


293 


34 


74 


34 


57 


433 


402 


759 


6 


13 


215 


31 


45 


10 


6 


352 


233 


486 


30 


63 


308 


330 


857 


37 


72 


309 


756 


1,686 


2 




125 


75 


925 


3 


2 


152 


57 


97 



See footnote at end of table. 



,777-528°- 



173 



Table 49. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1964, Cities and Towns 
25,000 and Over in Population — Continued 



City 



Cities 50,000 to 100,000 
in population— Con. 

Arlington, Tex 

Asheville, N.C 

Atlantic City, N.J.... 

Augusta, Ga 

Aurora, Colo 

Aurora, 111 

Bakersfield, Calif 

Bay Cit5% Mich 

Bayonne, N.J 

BerwjTi, 111 

Betlilehem, Pa 

Billings, Mont 

Binghamton, N.Y 

Bloomfield, N.J 

BloomiQgton, Minn,. 

Boise, Idaho 

Bristol, Conn 

Bristol To\\'nship, Pa. 

Brockton, Mass 

Brookline, Mass 

Brow-nsville, Tex 

Buena Park, Calif 

Burbank, Calif 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa... 
Champaign, 111 

Charleston, S.C 

Charleston, W. Va 

Cheektowaga, N.Y 

Chesapeake, Va 

Chester, Pa 

Cheyenne, Wyo 

Chicopee, Mass 

Cicero, 111 

Cleveland Heights, 

Ohio 

Clifton, N.J 

Colonic To\\Ti, N.Y... 
Colorado Springs, 

Colo 

Compton, Calif 

Concord, Calif 

Costa Mesa, Calif 

Council Bluffs, Iowa,. 

Covington, Ky 

Cranston, R.I 

Cuj^ahoga Falls, Ohio. 
Daly City, Calif 

Davenport, Iowa 

Dearborn Heights, 

Mich 

Decatur, 111 

Do\\Tiey, Calif 

Dubuque, Iowa 



Index 
total 



787 
1,097 
3.066 



1,693 
650 



446 
446 

935 

317 

471 

1,679 

1,491 



862 

1,682 

897 

678 

2,739 
1,455 
620 
1,040 
1,450 



564 

509 

1,030 

4,953 

941 

1,730 



1,584 

1,175 

348 

1,046 

1,303 

873 
1,105 
2,381 

317 



Criminal 
homicide 



Murder 
and 
non- 
negli- 
gent 
man- 

slaugh 
ter 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



Forci- 
ble 
rape 



Rob- 
bery 



7 

18 

134 

43 

16 

83 
52 
21 
16 
23 

16 
21 
3 
5 
4 

12 

1 
15 
21 
20 

13 
21 
79 
15 
20 

126 
63 
12 
23 

110 

10 

2 

50 

13 

5 



278 
19 
27 

17 

27 



22 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



28 
62 
56 
218 
17 

37 

52 

26 

120 

5 

32 
17 



18 
31 
12 
53 

158 

161 

5 

115 

201 

25 

1 

93 



50 

520 

17 

49 

4 
43 
14 
12 
16 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



322 

1,514 

331 

403 



303 
201 

372 
381 
235 
155 
156 

268 
201 
260 
835 
733 

518 
429 
731 
336 



1.101 
495 
315 

488 



243 

87 
290 

201 
300 

265 

511 

1,828 

452 

954 

341 

875 

588 

94 

331 



553 



414 
560 



Larceny- 
theft 



$50 
and 
over 



423 

415 
795 
145 

202 

239 

669 
170 
177 
120 

197 
340 
163 

188 
222 

521 
59 
104 
475 
268 

153 
216 

543 
322 
201 

1,017 
452 
195 

280 
205 

210 
143 



116 
128 

157 

164 

1,187 

287 

544 

304 
363 

417 
184 

287 



267 
336 
940 
130 



Under 

$50 



1,029 
750 
911 
178 
754 

856 

2,217 

1,430 

305 

164 

832 

1,182 

761 

309 

482 

1,193 
265 
323 

809 
860 

1,031 

844 

1,444 

1,543 

816 

2.376 

1.144 

615 

278 
225 

1,069 



509 



342 

1,630 
2,016 
1,392 
1,154 



913 

651 
541 
569 

1,912 

1,052 

1,281 

1,244 

601 



174 



Table 49. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1964, Cities and Towns 
25,000 and Over in Population — Continued 



City 



Cities 50,000 to 100,000 
in population— Con. 



Durham, N.C 

East Chicago, Ind.. 
East Detroit, Mich. 
East Orange, N.J... 
East St. Louis, IlL. 



Edison, N.J 

Elgin, 111 

Euclid, Ohio... 
Eugene, Oreg— . 
Evanston, 111... 



Fairfield, Conn 

Fayette ville, N.C. 

Florissant, Mo 

Fort Smith, Ark.. 
Fremont, Calif 



Fullerton, Calif.. 
Gadsden, Ala..., 
Gainesville, Fla. 
Galveston, Tex.. 
Garland, Tex 



Great Falls, Mont. 
Green Bay, Wis... 
Greenville, S.C.._- 
Greenwich, Conn.. 



Hamilton Township, 
NJ 

Hamilton, Ohio 

Harrisburg, Pa 

Haverford Township, 

Fa 

Hay ward, Calif 



Hialeah, Fla 

High Point, N.C... 

Holyoke, Mass 

Huntington, W. Va. 
Huntington Beach, 
Calif 



Independence, Mo. 
Inglewood, Calif.. . 
Irondequoit, N.Y. 

Irving, Texas 

Irvington, N.J 



Jackson, Mich 

Joliet, 111 

Kalamazoo, Mich. 

Kenosha, Wis 

Kettering, Ohio.. 



Lafayette, La 

Lake Charles, La. 
Lakewood, Ohio.. 

Lancaster, Pa 

Laredo, Tex 



Las Vegas, Nev. 
Lawrence, Mass. 
Lawton, Okla... 
Lexington, Ky__ 
Lima, Ohio 



Index 
total 



1.344 
1.490 
684 
1.591 
1,925 

657 

415 

242 

1,307 

1,025 

982 

1.260 

288 

938 

1, 056 

1,121 

860 

955 

1,950 

1,172 

1,238 
409 

2,200 
282 



750 
1,059 
1,170 

321 
1,952 

2,150 
760 
790 

1,680 

819 

1, 063 

3,060 

244 

940 

835 

684 
1,100 
1,301 

607 



765 
575 
292 
497 



2,601 
1,025 
1,352 
2,655 
841 



Crim 


inal 










Larceny- 


homicide 








Bur- 


theft 










Murder 




Forci- 




Aggra- 


glary— 






and 


Man- 


ble 


Rob- 


vated 


break- 






non- 


slaugh- 


rape 


bery 


assault 


nig or 


$50 




negli- 


ter by 








enter- 


and 


Under 


gent 


negli- 








mg 


over 


$50 


man- 


gence 














slaugh- 
















ter 
















10 


4 


16 


58 


373 


465 


228 


762 


1 


1 


16 


130 


226 


403 


351 


728 




2 


1 


24 


15 


255 


236 


823 


2 


4 


5 


45 


74 


643 


520 


813 


17 


2 


9 


202 


194 


667 


304 


380 






4 
o 


26 


29 
39 


259 
133 


270 
145 


267 
435 


2 


2 


1 






11 
6 


1 

8 


112 
445 


39 
640 


612 
1,418 




1 


5 


2 


6 


6 


38 


119 


312 


356 


1,619 




1 




3 


2 


402 


438 


612 


13 


3 


16 


46 


328 


571 


38 


984 




1 




2 


5 


124 


105 


359 


3 


3 


9 


31 


80 


410 


228 


599 




5 


7 


27 


27 


483 


353 


1, 719 


5 


2 


5 


26 


21 


348 


531 


1,384 


6 


2 


8 


10 


89 


383 


214 


502 


6 


4 


9 


15 


74 


589 


192 


1,337 


9 


14 


16 


82 


413 


637 


538 


796 


1 




8 


19 


26 


656 


326 


693 


4 


4 


10 


22 


47 


574 


344 


1,118 






1 
15 


1 

67 


3 

126 


135 
1,052 


162 
568 


531 
1,110 


14 


7 




3 


3 


4 


8 


122 


98 


176 




11 


6 


9 


14 


324 


251 


595 


2 


2 


4 


23 


139 


308 


449 


1,374 


4 


7 


6 


60 


51 


541 


302 


609 








2 

38 


49" 


141 

702 


140 
716 


374 
1,662 


2 


4 


11 


3 


8 


2 


40 


147 


974 


708 


1,818 


7 


9 


1 


7 


44 


401 


192 


428 


3 


8 


5 


5 


6 


333 


215 


615 


6 


3 


1 


67 


322 


677 


350 


858 




12 


10 


22 


36 


557 


110 


426 






7 
10 


20 
133 


77 
71 


519 
1,216 


288 
1,070 


1,085 
1,359 


4 








1 


4 
13 


3 
19 


167 
411 


49 
354 


349 
1,429 


1 


2 


1 


4 


1 


19 


14 


361 


186 


678 






6 
6 


14 
46 


83 
96 


296 
357 


233 
412 


699 

748 


8 




1 


2 


3 


19 


96 


584 


472 


2,171 


2 


5 


3 


18 


12 


245 


127 


773 




2 


3 


6 


11 


171 


138 


761 


2 




4 


12 


109 


371 


232 


513 


2 


2 


1 


16 


45 


342 


133 


378 


1 




5 


8 


12 


169 


38 


680 


1 


i 


8 


17 


41 


231 


110 


848 



Incomplete 



1^ 


3 


5 


122 


162 


770 


971 


1,878 


1 




4 


23 


20 


512 


136 


264 


7 


1 


12 


37 


149 


494 


451 


1,502 


15 


8 


1 


112 


128 


1,065 


972 


1,761 


3 


1 


2 


31 


18 


426 


252 


1,017 



175 



Table 49. — Number of Offenses Knoun to the Police, 1964, Cities and Towns 
25,000 and Over in Population — Continued 



City 



Cities 50,000 to 100,000 
in population— Con. 

Lincoln Park, Mich..- 

Livonia. Mich 

Lorain, Ohio 

Lowell, Mass 

Lower Merion Town- 
ship, Pa 



Lynchburg, Va... 

Lynn, Mass 

IMalden, Mass 

Manchester, N.H. 
Medford, Mass... 



Meriden, Conn 

Meridian, Miss 

Miami Beach, Fla. 

Midland, Tex 

Monroe, La 



Mount Vernon, N.Y 
Muncie, Ind 

New Britain, Corm.. 

Newport, R.I 

New Rochelle, N.Y. 



Newton, Mass 

North Little Rock, 
Ark 

Norwalk, Conn 

Oak Park, 111 

Odessa, Tex 



Ogden, Utah 

Ontario, Calif 

Orange, Calif 

Orlando, Fla 

Overland Park, Kans 



Oxnard, Calif.... 
Palo Alto, Calif. 

Parma, Ohio 

Pasadena, Tex.. 
Passaic, N.J 



Pawtucket, R.I 

Penn Hills TowTiship, 
Pa 

Pensacola, Fla 

Pine Bluff, Ark 

Pittsfield, Mass 



Pomona, Calif 

Pontiac, Mich 

Port Arthur, Tex. 
Portland, Maine. 
Prichard, Ala 



Pueblo, Colo 

Quincy, Mass 

Racine, Wis 

Rapid City, S. Dak- 
Reading, Pa 



Index 
total 



904 

852 



1,472 



472 
,117 
622 
534 
454 

665 
592 



565 

1,424 
1,106 
1,012 
315 
1,242 

1,291 



510 

966 
1,545 

830 
2,984 

364 

1,204 

1,107 

371 

507 

1,663 

910 

482 

1,521 

702 

273 

1,977 

2,077 

540 

952 



1,042 

1,418 

1,231 

821 

834 




Incomplete 



Criminal 










Larceny- 


homicide 








Bur- 


theft 










Murder 




Forci- 




Aggra- 


glary— 






and 


Man- 


ble 


Rob- 


vated 


break- 






non- 


slaugh- 


rape 


bery 


assault 


ing or 


$50 




negU- 


ter by 








enter- 


and 


Under 


gent 


negli- 








ing 


over 


$50 


man- 


gence 














slaugh- 
















ter 
















2 


2 


5 


23 


25 


215 


414 


1,280 


3 


1 


7 


21 


38 


477 


116 


1,433 


2 


3 


11 


22 


44 


238 


84 


785 




2 


9 


23 


67 


404 


304 


652 


1 


3 


4 


18 


5 


245 


216 


471 


5 




5 


15 


40 


249 


97 


875 


2 


4 


14 


67 


129 


836 


383 


1,234 


2 


1 


2 


16 


3 


163 


166 


221 




1 


2 


7 


10 


250 


133 


652 




1 




7 


4 


156 


183 


466 






3 


6 


14 


313 


236 


376 




5 


1 


/ 


41 


382 


95 


393 




4 


1 


67 


33 


986 


798 


1,798 




3 


6 


5 


111 


421 


220 


706 




2 


2 


8 


219 


180 


58 


1,119 


2 




4 


46 


44 


626 


457 


585 


3 


4 


7 


33 


27 


507 


287 


956 




3 


2 


21 


56 


503 


249 


597 


i 




1 


5 


7 


119 


115 


238 


2 




6 


40 


43 


432 


507 


477 




1 


16 


23 


30 


546 


461 


474 


8 


3 


12 


40 


101 


473 


189 


863 


1 


3 


7 


10 


56 


272 


334 


698 






1 


25 


1 


163 


61 


234 


8 




2 


14 


36 


253 


92 


1,852 


2 


4 


8 


21 


86 


441 


196 


1,971 


4 




19 


27 


146 


757 


436 


1,071 


3 


2 


8 


14 


44 


490 


181 


416 


9 


5 


25 


149 


351 


1,195 


840 


1, 657 






1 


6 


g 


167 


144 
381 


365 
772 




1 


7 


27 


68 


492 




2 


5 


16 


8 


480 


442 


1,439 


2 


1 




1 


7 


228 


72 


360 




5 


3 


10 


70 


217 


114 


880 


i 


3 


7 


83 


220 


770 


330 


578 






2 


12 


5 


365 


263 


796 






3 


10 


24 


268 


84 


208 


8 


3 


1 


55 


59 


875 


340 


1,516 


6 


1 


5 


16 


51 


388 


168 


467 




8 




1 


5 


88 


119 


135 


2 


8 


11 


48 


82 


916 


543 


1,114 


9 


10 


7 


166 


166 


784 


714 


1,838 


3 




4 


10 


21 


215 


162 


607 




i 


4 


19 


22 


315 


339 


1,275 



6 


2 


44 


112 


370 


322 


1,478 


4 


2 


16 


13 


564 


404 


867 




1 


25 


114 


510 


296 


1.990 


1 


1 


19 


24 


206 


433 


885 


1 


2 


19 


31 


399 


162 


876 



176 



Table 49. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1964, Cities and Towns 
25,000 and Over in Population — Continued 



City 



Cities 50,000 to 100,000 
in population— Con. 

Redford Township, 
Mich 

Redondo Beach, Calif- 
Redwood City, Calif- . 
Reno, Nev 

Richmond, Calif 



Rock Island, 111 

Rome, N.Y 

Roseville, Mich 

Royal Oak, Mich 

St. Clair Shores, Mich. 



St. Joseph, Mo 

Salem, Oreg 

Salinas, Calif 

San Angelo, Tex 

San Leandro, Calif. 



San Mateo, Calif 

Santa Barbara, Calif. 
Santa Clara, Calif.. . 
Santa Monica, Calif. 
Schenectady, N.Y... 



Sioux City, Iowa... 
Sioux Falls, S. Dak. 

Skokie,Ill 

Somerville, Mass... 
South Gate, Calif... 



Springfield, 111 

Springfield, Mo... 
Springfield, Ohio. 
Stockton, Calif. -- 
Sunnyvale, Calif. 



Tallahassee, Fla 

Terre Haute, Ind... 
Tonawanda Town, 

N.Y 

Troy, N.Y 

Tuscaloosa, Ala 



Tyler, Tex 

Union City, N.J 

Union Township, N.J 
University City, Mo.. 
Upper Darby Town- 
ship, Pa 



Vallejo, Calif 

Waltham, Mass 

Warren, Ohio 

Warwick, R. I 

Water ford Township, 
Midi-. 



Waterloo, Iowa 

Waukegan, 111... 

Wauwatosa, Wis 

West Allis, Wis 

West Covina, Calif.... 



Index 
total 



744 
2,052 
1,157 
2,453 

2,758 

971 

226 

899 

1,229 



645 
1,061 
1,820 

601 
1,685 

1.590 
1,626 
1.267 
3.573 

575 

1, 050 
607 
1, 399 
1,711 
1,681 

1,265 
993 
934 

2,340 

770 

655 
1,058 

457 
777 



320 
931 
751 
576 

626 

1,422 
679 
890 

1,624 

1,003 



965 

372 

413 

1,556 



Criminal 
homicide 



Murder 
and 
non- 
negli- 
gent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



Forci- 
ble 
rape 



Rob- 
bery 



29 

60 

15 

147 

159 



28 
149 

7 

12 

6 

26 

26 

78 

83 

19 

25 

127 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



21 
53 
14 
79 
251 



43 

160 

33 

30 
36 
35 
46 
25 



50 

45 

199 

4 

21 
26 
134 
33 
31 

35 
45 
35 
88 
33 

61 
14 



14 3 

36 56 

Incomplete 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



227 

894 

421 

1,079 

1,466 



107 



491 
382 



314 

535 



379 

849 



622 

498 

1,221 

324 



427 
210 



448 
530 
424 
863 
273 

401 

458 

242 
418 



Larceny- 
theft 



$50 
and 
over 



323 
635 
391 

656 
522 

421 
64 
333 
325 
393 

166 
302 
491 
104 
546 

545 

641 

485 

1,324 

85 

374 
236 
653 
389 
553 

392 
254 
229 
815 
303 

95 
363 

142 
93 



Under 
$50 



1,118 
1,573 
449 
1,815 
2,387 

865 

317 

1,044 

1,929 

1,205 

831 
1,344 
1,085 

376 
1,326 

2,091 
1,461 
1,817 
2,153 
513 

1,378 
904 
866 

1,071 
649 

1,173 

1,784 
1,236 
2,085 
1,321 

1,104 
976 

321 
231 



?. 


18 


179 


42 


241 


23 


42 


452 


128 


202 


8 


11 


303 


276 


587 


14 


6 


294 


204 


709 


20 


34 


289 


133 


1,256 


80 


59 


588 


409 


1,452 


8 


15 


241 


252 


499 


25 


57 


327 


286 


767 


6 


29 


791 


695 


1,033 


" 


58 


366 


492 


948 


23 


38 


232 


262 


1,014 


46 


55 


339 


327 


796 


6 


6 


100 


200 


590 


4 


13 


127 


171 


1,055 


41 


60 


729 


479 


977 



ITT 



Table 49. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1964, Cities and Towns 
25,000 and Over in Population — Continued 





Index 
total 


Criminal 
homicide 


Forci- 
ble 
rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 


Larceny- 
theft 




City 


Murder 
and 
non- 
negli- 
gent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 


Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negU- 
gence 


$50 
and 
over 


Under 
$50 


Auto 
theft 


Cities 50,000 to 100,000 
in population— Con. 

West Hartford, Conn. . 
West Palm Beach, 
Fla 


337 

1,273 
196 
471 

1,125 

1,243 

424 

2,595 

812 
549 

718 

146 
625 
217 
510 
292 

544 
236 
101 
737 

482 

889 
170 
152 
323 
474 

1,107 
265 
139 
150 
231 

134 
1.006 
174 
489 
166 

777 
545 
354 
281 
314 

229 
246 

238 
85 
636 




2 
5 


13 
2 

-- 

4 
3 
3 

2 
4 

11 


6 

44 
1 
9 

24 

40 

9 

137 

10 
2 

37 

1 
39 

3 
16 
10 

9 

2 

1 

16 

25 

19 
1 
2 

7 
4 

6 
__ 


3 

89 

6 

10 

99 

35 
17 

26 

8 
30 

52 

3 

34' 
14 
19 

17 
12 

59" 
154 

23 
3 
1 

7 
41 

97 

4 


206 

632 
83 
223 
352 

613 

192 

1,197 

283 
204 

329 

55 
392 

85 
167 
119 

338 
95 
53 
209 
128 

361 

49 

52 

170 

241 

484 
144 
75 
59 
111 

52 

498 
82 

167 
55 

403 
278 
181 
135 
75 

101 
113 

113 
34 
247 


74 

269 
80 
168 
493 

339 

108 
596 

340 
215 

118 

63 

92 

49 

224 

103 

91 

97 

37 

239 

119 

383 
81 
86 

147 

346 

88 
38 
57 
63 

38 
274 

24 
143 

72 

171 
155 
133 
62 
173 

93 
69 

88 
36 
146 


127 

1,404 

74 

421 

465 

488 

261 

2,163 

568 
934 

563 

250 
504 
176 
810 
472 

685 
400 
58 
191 
339 

768 
566 
159 
317 
410 

463 
171 

248 
218 
618 

105 
506 
413 
498 
245 

1.096 
325 
334 

101 
722 

175 
373 

143 

78 
285 


48 
221 


Weymouth, Mass 


24 


Wheeling, Vi. Va 

White Plains, N.Y.— 

Whittier, Calif 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa 

Wilmington, Del 

Woodbridge To\\-n- 


3 
-. 

5 


1 
2 

7 

6 
3 

1 


60 
154 

211 
91 
633 

169 


Wyoming, Mich 

York, Pa . 


93 
166 


Cities 25,000 to 50,000 
in population 

Aberdeen, S. Dak 


24 


Alexandria, La 

Aliquippa, Pa 


10 
2 
1 
1 


1 
.- 

2 


6 
7 
4 

1 

7 
2 


86 
37 


Allen Park, Mich 

Alliance, Ohio — 


84 
39 


Alton, 111 ._. 


82 


Ames, Iowa 


1 




27 


Amsterdam, N.Y 


10 


Anderson, Ind 


6 
10 

.- 

1 
1 


6 
3 

3 
1 


8 
10 

7 
.- 


200 


Anniston, Ala .-. 


36 


Arcadia, Calif 


96 


Arlmgton Heights, 111.. 


35 

9 


Ashland, Ky __ 


69 


Ashtabula, Ohio 




7 

4 
1 
3 


34 


Athens, Ga 


4 


6 


166 


Attleboro, Mass.. 


28 


Auljurn, Maine 

Auburn, N.Y 


_. 
2 

-- 

1 


\ 

2 
1 


15 
29 


Austin, Minn. 


1 

16" 
1 
2 
1 

1 
2 


1 
37 

9 
10 

5 

12 
12 
12 
1 
3 

3 
3 

5 


8 

2 
49 

2 
23 
12 

83 
45 

io" 

7 
--- 

7 


46 


Baldwin Borough, Pa. 
Baldwm Park, Calif __ 

Bangor, Maine 

Barberton, Ohio 

BartlesviUe, Okla 


41 
132 

53 
143 

21 


Battle Creek, Mich.... 
Bavtown, Tex 


4 
2 


3 
f 
2 


103 
51 


Belleville, 111.. 


28 


Belleville, N.J 


73 


Bellingham, Wash 


55 


Belmont , Mass. . . . _ _ 






32 


Beloit,W^is 


1 


2 


1 
3 


47 


Bensalem Township, 
Pa 


22 


Bergenfield, N.J 


15 


Bessemer, Ala 


6 




4 


19 


132 


82 



178 



Table 49. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1964, Cities and Towns 
25,000 and Over in Population — Continued 



City 



Cities 25,000 to 50,000 
in population — Con. 



Bethel Park, Pa 

Beverly, Mass 

Beverly Hills, Calif. 

Big Spring, Tex 

Biloxi, Miss 



Birmingham, Mich. 
Bismarck, N. Dak.. 

Bloomington, 111 

Bloomington, Ind.. 
Blytheville, Ark 



Bossier City, La 

Boulder, Colo 

Bowling Green, Ky. 

Braintree, Mass 

Bremerton , Wash . . . 



Brooklyn Center, 
Minn 

Bryan, Tex 

Burlingame, Calif. 
Burlington, Iowa.. 



Burlington, N.C 

Burlington, Vt 

Butte, Mont 

Calumet City, 111 

Cape Girardeau, Mo. 



Carlsbad, N. Mex._ 

Casper, Wyo 

Charlottesville, Va. 

Chelsea, Mass 

Cheltenham Town- 
ship, Pa 



Cherry Hill Town- 
ship, N.J 

Chicago Heights, 111. 

Chillicothe, Ohio 

Chula Vista, Calif... 
Clarksburg, W. Va.. 



Clarkstown, N.Y. 
Clearwater, Fla.. 

Clinton, Iowa 

Clovis, N. Mex— 



Columbia, Mo 

Columbus, Miss.. 

Concord, N.H 

Coral Gables, Fla. 
Corvallis, Oreg... 



Covina, Calif 

Cranford Township, 
N..T 

Crystal, Minn 

Culver City, Calif.. 
Cumberland, Md... 



Index 
total 



379 
507 
386 
621 

270 
197 
598 
493 
367 

297 
595 
555 
496 
395 



226 
292 
607 
171 

380 
342 
500 
534 
360 



600 
380 
522 

501 



1,007 
863 
123 

728 
160 

369 
803 
267 
481 

325 
303 
125 
1,187 
144 

571 

128 

162 

1,176 



Criminal 
homicide 



Murder 
and 
non- 
negli- 
gent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



Forci- 
ble 
rape 



Rob- 
bery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



Incomplete 



1 

4 

50 
137 

1 
10 
22 

2 
19 

32 
32 
59 
1 
23 



54 

21 

1 

122 

1 

27 

33 

16 



Incomplete 
2 

10 32 

11 16 



5 

134 

1 

23 

4 

4 
28 

3 
19 

35 
29 

2 
54 

4 



Larceny- 
theft 



$50 
and 
over 



Under 
$50 



117 


146 


379 


195 


211 


216 


209 


84 


357 


171 


189 


210 


110 


125 


661 


69 


71 


512 


209 


235 


637 


180 


175 


474 


189 


107 


283 


123 


101 


186 


58 


441 


882 


230 


185 


335 


148 


229 


257 


147 


136 


695 


114 


82 


399 


147 


59 


217 


285 


219 


430 


105 


31 


313 


89 


137 


352 


107 


94 


522 


155 


157 


418 


193 


153 


326 


204 


85 


462 



268 


220 


603 


145 


161 


467 


201 


93 


111 


274 


122 


223 


323 


502 


409 


292 


205 


436 


83 


19 


110 


389 


229 


692 


90 


26 


99 


167 


164 


405 


415 


274 


786 


115 


103 


604 


252 


184 


754 


136 


104 


673 


174 


73 


294 


55 


43 


62 


497 


473 


719 


81 


41 


720 


242 


151 


326 


47 


49 


115 


87 


46 


137 


405 


419 


469 


• 85 


55 


222 



179 



Table 49. — IWiimber of OJfenses Known to the Police, 1964, Cities and Towns 
25,000 and Over in Population — Continued 



City 



Cities 25,000 to 50,000 
in population— Con. 



Danbury, Conn 

Danville, 111 

Danville, Va 

Daytona Beach, Fla. 
Decatur, Ala 



Dedham, Mass... 

Denton. Tex 

Des Plaines,Ill... 

Dothan, Ala 

East Brunswick 
To\vnship, N.J. 



East Cleveland, Ohio. 
East Hartford, Conn. 
East Lansing, Mich.. 
Easton, Pa 

East Point, Ga 



East Providence, R. 

Eau Claire, Wis 

Edina, Minn 

El Cajon, Calif 

El Cerrito, Calif 



El Dorado, Ark- 

Elkhart. Ind 

Elmhurst, 111.... 

Elmira, N.Y 

El Monte, Calif. 



Elvria, Ohio 

Enfield. Conn 

Englewood, Colo. 
Englewood, N.J.. 
Enid, Okla 



Eureka, Calif 

Everett, Mass 

Everett, Wash 

Evergreen Park, 111... 
Ewing Township, N.J 



Fairborn, Ohio 

Fair La^^■n, N.J 

Fairmont, W. Va 

Falls To\\-nship, Pa. 
Fargo, N. Dak 



Farmington, N. Mex. 

Ferguson, Mo 

Ferndale, Mich 

Findlay, Ohio 

Fitchburg, Mass 



Flagstaff, Ariz 

Florence, Ala 

Florence, S.C 

Fond du Lac, Wis.. 
Fort Collins, Colo.. 



Fort Dodge, Iowa.. 

Fort Myers, Fla 

Fort Pierce, Fla 

Framingham, Mass. 
Freeport, 111 



Index 
total 



315 
618 
569 
1,674 
298 

302 
385 
447 
296 

159 

444 
551 
150 
264 
354 

559 
197 
296 
638 
428 

395 
479 
289 
392 
1.701 

257 
150 
497 
308 
444 

435 
537 
800 
317 

477 

255 
301 
130 
143 
512 

437 
195 
535 
298 
524 

590 



527 
230 
483 

378 
502 
176 
445 
200 



Criminal 










Larceny- 


homicide 








Bur- 


theft 










Murder 




Forci- 




Aggra- 


glary— 






and 


Man- 


ble 


Rob- 


vated 


break- 






non- 


slaugh- 


rape 


bery 


assault 


ing or 


$50 




negli- 


ter by 








enter- 


and 


Under 


gent 


negli- 








ing 


over 


$50 


man- 


gence 














slaugh- 
















ter 
















1 




3 


3 


20 


147 


82 


204 


1 


3 


3 


27 


40 


224 


243 


639 


6 


1 


2 


13 


80 


290 


130 


572 


4 


1 


6 


55 


203 


758 


485 


1,614 


3 




3 




5 


180 


77 


250 




5 




3 


3 


110 


95 


146 


1 


1 




5 


8 


159 


186 


588 




2 


i 


10 


42 


144 


184 


516 


3 




2 


3 


26 


151 


78 


287 








4 

33 
2 


3 

16 
11 


83 

203 
251 


27 

86 
213 


264 

465 
442 






1 
1 




2 




2 


1 


1 


17 


27 


93 


315 


1 


1 


1 


9 


8 


100 


74 


438 








1 


1 


200 


95 


202 


1 


1 




4 


7 


223 


194 


580 










2 


93 


69 


435 






1 


3 


2 


108 


146 


689 




4 


4 


7 


25 


280 


228 


691 






1 
4 


12 


9 
139 


210 


143 
139 


565 
336 


4 








2 


10 


63 


146 


200 


361 






1 




30 


97 


112 


378 






3 
22 


6 
65 


14 

70 


139 

844 


184 
313 


589 
823 


3 


1 


2 


3 


1 


7 




139 


77 


187 


1 


1 


1 




3 


69 


62 


294 


1 


1 


6 


11 


12 


241 


148 


528 


1 


2 


6 


13 


21 


179 


55 


71 






1 


3 


14 


168 


113 


576 


3 


1 


9 


13 


6 


111 


212 


602 


1 


1 


1 


13 


19 


223 


112 


173 


4 


4 


8 


19 


11 


381 


219 


1.655 




1 




4 


2 


56 


155 


355 




5 




12 


9 


207 


154 


303 


1 




3 


3 


11 


103 


66 


523 




4 




3 


5 


106 


161 


319 




2 




3 


19 


65 


39 


86 




1 


3 


3 


3 


70 


50 


225 


1 


2 


2 


7 


2 


225 


206 


790 






2 


8 


34 


172 


179 


310 








3 


1 


90 


72 


328 




2 


4 


21 


22 


184 


209 


490 




3 


2 


6 


8 


142 


86 


493 




1 


1 


8 


11 


283 


102 


341 






5 


14 


79 


202 


241 


350 



Incomplete 



4 
1 

1 

1 
4 






14 






1 
1 


3 
2 


6 

5 

12 
1 

9 






1 


4 


2 



22 


305 


83 


611 


1 


119 


59 


317 


11 


127 


252 


752 


11 


183 


116 


371 


24 


289 


104 


315 


66 


25 


80 


226 


31 


120 


203 


407 


20 


83 


71 


169 



180 



Table 49. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police^ 1964, Cities and Towns 
25,000 and Over in Population — Continued 



City 



Cities 25,000 to 50,000 
in population— Con. 



Freeport, N.Y 

Galesburg, 111 

Gardena, Calif 

Garden City, Mich. 
Garden City, N.Y.. 



Garfield, N.J 

Garfield Heights, Ohio. 

Gastonia, N.C 

Glen Cove, N.Y 

Glendale, Ariz 



Glendora, Calif 

Gloucester, Mass 

Goldsboro, N.C 

Grand Forks, N. Dak. 
Grand Island, Nebr,.. 



Grand Prairie, Tex. 
Granite City, 111.... 

Greeley, Colo 

Greenburgh, N.Y_. 
Greenville, Miss 



Greenville, N.C___ 

Gulfport, Miss 

Hackensack, N.J.. 
HagerstowTi, Md__ 
Haltom City, Tex.. 



Hamden, Conn 

Hamtramck, Mich. 

Harlingen, Tex 

Harvey, 111 

Hattiesburg, Miss_. 



Haverhill, Mass__. 
Hawthorne, Calif- 
Hazel Park, Mich_ 

Hazleton, Pa 

Hempstead, N.Y._ 



Highland Park, 111.- _ 
Highland Park, Mich. 

Hilo, Hawaii 

Hobbs, N. Me.x 

Hoboken, N.J 



Holland, Mich 

Hollywood, Fla 

Hot Springs, Ark 

Houma, La 

Huntington Park, Calif 



Hutchinson, Kans. 
Idaho Falls, Idaho. 

Inkster, Mich 

Iowa City, Iowa 

Ithaca, N.Y 



Jackson, Tenn 

Jamestown, N.Y 

Janesville, Wis 

Jefferson City, Mo_- 
Johnson City, Tenn. 



Index 
total 



547 
259 
1,482 
335 
319 

146 
227 
745 
257 
497 

371 
330 
601 
446 
328 

732 

562 
427 
633 
438 

408 
390 
557 
624 
320 



1,413 

465 
531 
276 

771 
1,444 



157 
665 

192 
1,523 
152 
546 
843 

80 

1,459 

534 

314 

1,252 

307 
635 



347 

290 

527 
201 
338 
229 
611 



Criminal 
homicide 



Murder 
and 
non- 
negli- 
gent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negU- 
gence 



Forci- 
ble 
rape 



Rob- 
bery 



4 

111 

4 

23 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



10 

177 

13 

19 

27 
4 

59 
2 

1 

42 
12 
13 
43 
21 



103 
71 
16 
3 



4 64 13 

Incomplete 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



148 



Incomplete 
2 
1 

13 



29 
67 

2 

154 

32 

18 

44 

16 
25 



253 
115 
489 
122 
110 

75 
109 
227 
141 

228 

229 
163 
319 

152 

128 

352 
358 
158 
237 
211 

180 
206 
189 
347 
81 

171 
352 
223 
115 
132 

416 
643 



Larceny- 
theft 



$50 
and 
over 



96 
99 
593 
100 
183 

30 
62 

229 
61 

171 

71 
70 
142 
168 
140 

207 
78 
188 
285 
174 



123 
230 
130 
81 



530 
118 



168 
514 



Under 

$50 



125 
464 
636 
621 
205 

120 
305 
598 
13 
400 

153 
81 
456 
318 
371 

516 
614 

682 
380 

388 

259 
370 
288 
545 
151 

367 
869 
395 
507 
277 



640 



46 


71 


129 


267 


188 


179 


66 


88 


167 


557 


442 


1,272 


81 


45 


240 


290 


147 


413 


395 


84 


102 


51 


13 


293 


574 


471 


1,305 


278 


167 


307 


138 


125 


228 


565 


283 


815 


183 


45 


683 


217 


346 


925 



6 


79 


173 


347 


12 


68 


154 


417 


40 


289 


129 


390 


3 


124 


34 


63 


2 


159 


127 


567 


9 


96 


82 


322 


38 


149 


228 


450 



181 



Table 49. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1964, Cities and Towns 
25,000 and Over in Population — Continued 



City 



Cities 25,000 to 50,000 
in population — Con. 

Johnstown, Pa 

Joplin, Mo 

Kankakee, 111 

Kannapolis, N.C 

Kearny, N.J 

Key West, Fla 

Killeen, Tex 

Kingsport, Tenn 

Kingston, N.Y 

Kingsville, Tex 

Kinston, N.C 

Kirkwood, Mo 

Kokomo, Ind 

Lackawanna, N.Y 

La Crosse, Wis 

Lafayette, Ind 

La Habra, Calif 

Lakeland, Fla 

La Mesa, Calif 

Lancaster, Ohio 

Las Cruces, N. Mex.. 

Laurel, Miss 

LawTcnce, Kans 

Lebanon, Pa 

Leominster, Mass 

Le^\iston, Maine 

Lexington, Mass.-... 
Linden, N.J 

Livingston, N.J 

Lockport, N.Y 

Lodi, Calif 

Lodi, N.J 

Lombard ,111 

Long Beach, N.Y 

Long Branch, N.J 

Long view, Tex 

Lynwood, Cahf 

Madison Heights, 

Mich 

Manchester Town- 
ship, Conn 

Manhattan Beach, 
Cahf 

Manitowoc, Wis 

Mansfield, Ohio 

Maple Heights, Ohio. 
Marietta, Ga 

Marion, Ind 

Marion, Ohio 

Marshall, Tex 

Mason City, Iowa 

Massillon, Ohio 



Index 
total 



261 
732 
327 
240 
314 

333 

418 
372 
409 
232 

314 
228 
585 
499 
349 

701 
597 
676 
422 
378 

536 
367 
510 
170 

255 

318 
246 
530 
183 
289 

253 
326 
93 
724 
442 

458 
1,251 

466 

457 



1,141 

287 
702 
196 
782 

408 
477 
174 
359 
314 



Criminal 
homicide 



Murder 
and 
non- 
negli- 
gent 
man- 

slaugh 
ter 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negh- 
gence 



Forci- 
ble 
rape 



Rob- 
bery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



128 

451 

98 

70 

119 

129 
210 
207 
118 
122 

111 
74 
235 
160 
136 

344 
252 
323 
193 
133 

215 
207 
158 
73 
129 

147 

128 
218 



113 
123 



249 
167 



229 
559 



218 
239 



663 
148 
299 
111 
321 

128 
170 
71 
154 
137 



Larceny- 
theft 



$50 
and 
over 



104 
103 

218 
106 
117 

244 
244 
193 
173 
139 

238 

106 

238 

62 

70 

107 
87 

173 
63 
90 



132 

36 

305 

158 

113 
371 



152 



297 
103 
216 
38 
212 

155 
249 
63 
120 
104 



Under 

$50 



248 
654 
275 
264 
131 

95 
215 
394 
260 
260 

344 

308 
787 
200 
702 



498 
855 
538 
372 

536 

270 
775 
340 
297 

481 
153 
406 
249 



294 
183 
154 
394 
195 

156 
418 

520 

332 



527 



433 
495 

671 
818 
196 
414 



182 



Table 49. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1964, Cities and Towns 
25,000 and Over in Population — Continued 



City 



Cities 25,000 to 50,000 
in population— Con. 



Maywood, 111 — 
Mc Allen, Tex__- 
McKeesport, Pa. 
Medford, Oreg.— 
Melrose, Mass— 



Menlo Park, Calif- 
Mentor, Ohio 

Mesa, Ariz 

Mesquite, Tex 

Methuen, Mass--. 



Michigan City, Ind.. 

Middletown, Conn.,. 

Middletown. Ohio.... 

Middletown Town- 
ship, N.J 

Middletown Town- 
ship, Pa 



Midland, Mich 

Midwest City, Okla.. 
Milford Town, Conn. 
Millcreek Township, 

Pa 

Milton, Mass 



Minnetonka, Minn. 

Minot, N. Dak 

Mishawaka, Ind 

Missoula, Mont 

Modesto, Calif 



Moline, 111 

Monrovia, Calif 

Montclair, N.J 

Montebello, Cahf 

Monterey Park, Calif . 



Morton Grove, 111 

Mountain View, Calif- 
Mount Lebanon 

Township, Pa 

Mount Prospect, IlL-. 



Muskegon, Mich. 
Muskogee, Okla.. 

Napa, Calif 

Nashua, N.H 

Natchez, Miss 



Natick, Mass 

National City, Calif. 

Needham, Mass 

Neptune TowTiship, 
N.J 

New Albany, Ind... 



Newark, Ohio 

New Brunswick, N.J. 

Newburgh, N.Y 

New Castle, Pa 

New Iberia, La 



Index 
total 



491 

158 
588 
552 
157 

329 
220 
1,032 
490 
593 

674 
212 
765 

384 



224 
568 

548 

283 
253 

130 

368 

463 

551 

1,328 

618 
666 
457 
844 
790 

207 
505 

187 
139 



568 
425 
203 
251 

197 
667 
145 

362 



421 

1,040 

653 



Criminal 










Larceny — 


homicide 








Bur- 


theft 










Murder 




Forci- 




Aggra- 


glary— 






and 


Man- 


ble 


Rob- 


vated 


break- 






non- 


slaugh- 


rape 


bery 


assault 


mgor 


$50 




negli- 


ter by 








enter- 


and 


Under 


gent 


negli- 








ing 


over 


$50 


man- 


gence 














slaugh- 
















ter 
















1 




2 


30 


17 


210 


143 


241 






3 

1 
2 


6 
23 
11 


44" 

7 


105 

258 
214 


30 

106 
242 


361 
361 
793 






2 




1 






2 

7 


6 
17 


80 
143 


49 
99 


237 
318 




2 


4 












92 
364 


96 

489 


162 
939 




3 


4 


14 


26 




1 


2 


7 


26 


211 


192 


648 




4 


1 


6 


11 


424 


78 


197 




4 


3 


11 


78 


267 


203 


429 




4 


6 


2 


8 


96 


63 


187 


1 


2 




10 


9 


366 


234 


663 


1 


1 


8 


3 


48 


140 


146 


270 



Incomplete 



15 



27 

7 

4 
51 
110 



89 


97 


716 


238 


208 


452 


168 


260 


577 


148 


91 


172 


139 


38 


47 


73 


42 


44 


90 


161 


399 


197 


182 


824 


244 


168 


927 


815 


201 


2,080 


277 


213 


609 


311 


195 


281 


191 


170 


302 


440 


175 


499 


280 


351 


414 


49 


103 


116 


153 


234 


767 


107 


37 


86 


39 


45 


238 


313 


261 


1,074 


300 


96 


518 


203 


147 


842 


74 


72 


439 


90 


95 


316 


54 


95 


132 


253 


227 


854 


55 


78 


123 


150 


111 


198 


200 


165 


296 


142 


176 


551 


409 


368 


526 


271 


181 


313 



ll 



Incomplete 
11 2 I 31 I 



50 I 24 I 124 I 



183 



Table 49. — Number of OJfenses Knoun to the Police, 1961, Cities and Towns 
25,000 and Over in Population — Continued 



City 



Cities 25,000 to 50,000 
in population — Con. 

New London, Conn.-. 

Newport, Ky 

Newport Beach, Calif. 

Niles, 111 

Norman, Okla 



Norristown, Pa 

Northampton, Mass... 
North Bergen Town- 
ship. N.J 

North Las Vegas, Nev. 
North Miami, Fla 



North Miami Beach, 
Fla 

North Tonawanda, 
N.Y 

Nor-wich. Conn 

Norwood, IMass 

Norwood, Ohio 



Nutley, N.J 

Oak Lawn, 111 

Oak Park, Mich.. 
Oak Ridge, Tenn. 
Oceanside, CaUf-, 



Orangp, N.J 

Orange. Tex 

Omngetown. N.Y.. 

Oshkosh, Wis 

Ottimiwa. Iowa 



Owensboro, Ky 

Paciflca. Cahf 

Paducah, Ky 

Pampa. Tex 

Panama City, Fla.. 



Paramus. N.J 

Parkersburg. W. Va. 

Park Forest. Ill 

Park Ridge, 111 

Parsippany-Troy 
Hills To^sTiship, 
N.J 



Peabodv, Mass 

Pekin, 111 

Pennsauken, N.J... 
Perth Amboy, N.J. 
Petersburg, Va 



Phenix City, Ala__. 

Plainfield, X.J 

Pleasant Hill, Calif. 

Pocatello, Idaho 

Ponca City, Okla... 

Port Chester, N.Y._ 
Port Huron, Mich.. 
Portsmouth. X.H_. 
Portsmouth, Ohio.. 
PottPtown, Pa 



Criminal 
homicide 



Murder 
Index and 
total I non- 
negli - 
gent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



703 
503 
2,057 
340 
670 

460 
113 

637 
819 
773 



219 
216 
285 
343 

134 
416 
412 
105 



759 
310 
141 
366 
218 



843 
379 
693 
273 
416 

357 
488 
131 
177 



249 
427 
512 
641 
653 

331 

762 
422 
719 
140 

233 
421 
234 
800 
204 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



Forci- 
ble 
rape 



Rob- 
bery 



20 



Bur- 
Aggra- glary- 



Larceny- 
theft 



vated 
assault 



18 



break- [ 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



263 
199 
1,035 
108 
232 

214 
40 

216 
366 
351 



236 



153 



$50 
and 
over 



118 

147 

31 

394 

327 
130 
36 
166 
111 



195 

468 
158 
186 

83 

283 

33 



129 
254 
281 
201 
276 

161 
318 
233 



72 
247 

75 
423 

48 



251 
155 

148 
351 

85 
42 

210 
210 
315 



133 

61 
95 
74 
84 

37 
136 
171 

42 
297 

180 
93 
82 
98 
70 

280 
69 
60 
66 

143 

205 
116 

48 
35 



39 

86 

114 

218 

106 

78 
239 

88 
292 
'36 



113 

216 
67 



Under 

$50 



447 
346 
,489 
227 
668 

216 
94 

175 
390 
735 



662 

133 
168 
185 
220 

60 
594 
637 
219 
864 



631 
374 
.567 
329 
384 

748 

328 

492 

92 



343 

360 
248 
456 
600 

172 
631 
715 
1,305 
167 

228 
683 
203 
917 
203 



184 



Table 49. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1964, Cities and Towns 
25,000 and Over in Population — Continued 





Index 

total 


Criminal 
homicide 


Forci- 
ble 
rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 
glary- 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 


Larceny- 
theft 




City 


Murder 
and 
non- 
negli- 
gent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 


Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 


$50 
and 
over 


Under 
$50 


Auto 
theft 


Cities 25,000 to 50,000 
in population— Con. 

Poughkeepsie, N.Y.... 
Prairie Village, Kans 


570 
255 
161 
398 
371 

377 

718 
637 
266 
431 

71 
427 

96 
349 
509 

394 

444 
458 
551 
254 

759 
288 
253 
626 

478 

420 
439 
262 

294 
682 

797 
697 
604 
580 
471 

189 
978 
317 
348 
297 

342 

277 
123 
107 
817 

442 

479 
865 

228 
156 






2 


7 
5 


25 

2 

9 

8 
11 

3 

15 

18 
7 
5 

\ 

2 
6 

8 
91 
86 

4 

34 
9 
3 

7 

39 

re 

64 

4 
6 

54 
33 
20 
39 
20 

1 
38 
39 

72 

10 
6 
5 
2 

7 

15 

29 
36 

7 
7 


303 
97 
40 

143 

175 

167 
323 
177 
100 
170 

28 
171 

52 
169 
203 

244 

126 

202 

241 

99 

293 
106 
100 
240 
291 

153 
218 
103 

161 

205 

441 
254 
401 
211 
260 

76 
434 
122 
152 
118 

137 
141 
69 
87 
330 

107 

212 
415 

99 

74 


123 
129 

72 
171 

83 

178 
286 
162 
135 
168 

20 
158 

19 
110 
241 

72 

233 
95 
126 
119 

349 
155 
106 

298 
29 

163 

85 
59 

75 
317 

187 
259 
58 
199 
135 

71 
402 
112 
75 
83 

98 

89 

35 

8 

348 

214 

145 
209 

97 
50 


433 

248 
1,027 

148 
290 

152 
540 
212 
391 
436 

171 

785 
157 
364 
619 

370 

189 
455 
267 
358 

543 
335 
923 
765 
172 

852 
441 

558 

108 
598 

690 
499 
871 
912 
644 

101 
611 
437 
362 
503 

310 

895 
229 
122 
880 

650 

502 
914 

368 
93 


110 






22 


Provo, Utah 








47 




2 


2 
1 


2 

1 

1 
6 
1 


9 
4 

4 

9 

22 

3 

1 
7 
1 
6 
4 

3 

12 
5 

7 
2 

12 
3 

2 

4 
3 

4 
11 
10 

6 
11 

10 
8 

13 
9 

15 

2 
13 
11 
18 
14 

6 
2 
3 

iJ 

16 

11 
40 

2 

1 


63 


Rahway, N.J 


97 
24 


Redlands, Calil 

Revere, Mass 


1 
3 


4 


78 
254 




19 


Richfield Minn 






86 


Richland W ash 








21 


Richmond, Ind 

Ridgewood, N.J 

Ridley To^^-nship, Pa, 
Rochester Minn 


3 


2 
1 


1 
1 
4 


77 
17 
59 
59 


Rock Hill, S.C 

Rockville Centre, 

N Y 


1 
3 


1 

6 
1 


. 1 

-- 
4 


68 
64 


Rocky Mount, N.C.-- 
Ronie, Ga 


61 

84 


Roseville M!inn 


30 


Roswell, N. Mex 

St Charles, Mo 


7 


1 


1 
3 



63 
12 


St. Cloud, Minn 

St. Louis Park, Minn 


i" 


1 


42 

76 


Salem Mass 




1 

4 
4 
1 


154 


Salina, Kans 


1 


2 
2 
1 

1 


56 


San Bruno, Calif 

Sandusky, Ohio 

San Luis Obispo, 
Calif 


116 

25 

46 


San Rafael Calif 


143 


Santa Cruz, Calif 






2 
4 
13 

1 
1 

-- 


103 


Santa Fe, N. Mex 

Santa Maria, Calif 

Santa Rosa, Calif 

Sarasota, Fla . 


1 

1 

9 

3 

__ 


2 

1 
1 

11 


138 
98 

119 
37 


Sayreville, N.J 

Scottsdale, Ariz 

Sedalia, Mo 


39 
83 
33 


Selma, Ala 


1 


2 


2 

2 


28 


Shaker Heights, Ohio., 
Shawnee Okla 


80 






91 


Sheboygan , Wis 

Sherman Tex 




3 


f 

1 

3 
1 


39 
10 


South Euclid, Ohio- _.. 
Southfield, Mich 

Southgate, Mich 

South San Francisco, 
Calif 


3 

1 
3 


2 
3 

4 

2 
4 


9 
116 

86 

80 


Spartanburg, S.C 

Springfield Township, 
Pa 


159 
22 


State College, Pa 






24 



185 



Table 49. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police^ 1964, Cities and Towns 
25,000 and Over in Population — Continued 



City 



Cities 25,000 to 50,000 
in population— Con. 

Steuben ville, Ohio 

Stillwater, Okla 

Stratford, Conn 

Sumter, S.C 

Superior, Wis 



Taunton, Mass 

Teaneck Township, 
XJ 



Tempe, Ariz 

Temple, Tex 

Texarkana, Tex. 



Texas City, Tex... 
Torrington, Conn. 
Upper Arlington, 

Ohio 

Urbana, 111 

Valdosta, Ga 



Vancouver, Wash- 
Ventura, Calif 

Vicksburg, Miss... 

Victoria, Tex 

Vineland, N.J 



Wakefield, Mass 

Walla Walla, Wash__. 
Wallingford, Conn.-- 

WatertowTi, Mass 

Watertown, N.Y 

Waukesha, Wis 

Wausau, Wis 

Wayne To^^^lship, 
N.J 

Webster Groves, Mo- 
Weirton, W. Va 

Wellesley, Mass 

Westfield, Mass 

Westfield, N.J 

West Haven, Conn.-. 
West Mifflin, Pa 

Westminster, Calif. __ 
West New York, N.J 

West Orange, N.J 

West Seneca, N.Y.... 
West Springfield, 
Mass 

Wheaton, 111 

Whitehall, Ohio 

Wilkinsburg, Pa 

AVilliamsport, Pa 

Wihnette, 111 

Wilmington, N.C 

Wilson, N.C 

Woburn, Mass 

Woonsocket, R.I 

Wyandotte, Mich 

Yakima, Wash 

Yuma, Ariz 

Zanesville, Ohio 

Agana, Guam 

San Juan, P.R 



Index 
total 



479 
163 
474 
386 
343 



907 
741 
331 

395 



134 
250 
375 

304 
788 
217 
404 
291 

178 
323 
326 
374 
446 

258 
124 

473 
183 
194 

230 
237 
128 
528 
166 

1,035 
468 
295 
343 

384 

114 

288 
360 
328 
287 



505 
340 
462 
433 

1,307 

797 

547 

440 

40, 440 



Criminal 
homicide 



Murder 
and 
non- 
negli- 
gent 
man- 
slaugh- 
ter 



1 

2 

203 



Man- 
slaugh- 
ter by 
negli- 
gence 



Forci- 
ble 
rape 



4 
330 



Rob- 
bery 



3 

1 

1 
5 
1 
3 
362 



20 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Incomolete 



33 

8 

1 

4 

14 

24 

32 

23 

9 

1,065 



12 

104 

68 

3 

108 
10 



204 
222 



6 

14 

11, 022 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 



220 
63 
149 
214 
167 



150 
.315 
321 
145 

144 
110 

51 
80 
161 

100 
356 
47 
997 
159 



124 
170 
143 



134 

48 

222 
106 
129 



40 
192 
103 



247 
141 
171 

139 

58 
129 
129 
144 
111 

441 
108 
143 
148 
183 

551 
302 
269 
248 



Larceny- 
theft 



$50 
and 
over 



136 

87 

232 

129 

87 



114 
358 
196 
133 

101 

55 

65 
120 
95 

112 
280 
33 
80 
27 

72 
137 
101 
110 
123 



39 

181 
49 
37 



103 
54 

235 
27 



31 
106 

55 
120 
130 

185 
98 
91 

142 
92 

396 
281 
133 

82 



Under 
$50 



2,469 

478 

595 

306 

10, 180 



1 Figures not comparable with prior years. 

186 



U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE:1965 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 

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