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Full text of "Uniform crime reports for the United States"

BOSTON 
PUBLIC 
LIBRARY 




MBilimWI 



/// /o,FOR RELEASE 
^ y/'MONDAY AM 
\^^j3 .MARCH 29, 197 1 



UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING 
(1970 Preliminary Annual Release) 



^uc 



During calendar year 1970 crime in the United States, as measured by the Crime Index offenses, 
increased 11 percent over 1969. The violent crimes as a group rose 12 percent with robbery up 17 per- 
cent, murder and aggravated assault up 7 percent and forcible rape up 2 percent. The property crimes 
increased 10 percent. Larceny $50 and over was up 14 percent, burglary 10 percent and auto theft 
5 percent. Crime in the large core cities with 250,000 or more inhabitants increased 6 percent, suburban 
areas reported a 15 percent rise and the rural areas 14 percent (Table I). Geographically, the Southern 
States reported an increase of 13 percent in the Crime Index offenses, the North Central States 11 per- 
cent, the Northeastern States 10 percent and the Western States 9 percent (Table 2). Armed robbery, 
which makes up about two-thirds of all robbery offenses, recorded an increase of 20 percent during the 
year. Aggravated assaults committed with firearms increased 10 percent. 



TABLE I 



CRIME INDEX TRENDS 
(Percent change 1970 over 1969, offenses known to the police) 



Lar- 







Popula- 






















ceny 


Population 


Number 


tion in 












Forci 


i- 


Aggra- 




$50 


Group 


of 


thou- 








Prop 


1- Mur- 


• ble 


Rob- 


vated 


Bur- 


and Auto 


and Area 


Agencies sands 


Total 


Violent erty 


der 


rape 


bery 


assault glary 


over theft 


Total all agencies 


5244 


157,942 


+ 


11 


+ 12 


+ 10 


+ 7 


+ 2 


+ 17 


+ 


7 


+ 10 


+ 14 + 5 


Cities over 25,000 


835 


90,086 


+ 


9 


+ 12 


+ 9 


+ 7 


+ 3 


+ 17 


+ 


6 


+ 10 


+ 11 + 5 


Suburban area 


2031 


47,078 


+ 


15 


+ 13 


+ 15 


+ 5 


- 


+ 21 


+ 


10 


+ 13 


+ 20 +10 


Rural area 


1146 


18,209 


+ 


14 


+ 7 


+ 15 


+ 11 


+ 5 


+ 14 


+ 


6 


+ 11 


+ 24 + 3 


Over 1,000,000 


6 


19,537 


+ 


8 


+ 13 


+ 6 


+ 11 


- 2 


+ 21 


+ 


1 


+ 7 


+ 2+9 


500,000 to 1,000,000 20 


13,055 


+ 


3 


+ 6 


+ 2 


+ 3 


+ 1 


+ 8 


+ 


4 


+ 5 


+ 6-4 


250,000 to 500,000 


30 


10,652 


+ 


8 


+ 12 


+ 8 


+ 8 


+ 5 


+ 14 


+ 


10 


+ 11 


+ 8+3 


100,000 to 250,000 


93 


13,788 


+ 


14 


+ 12 


+ 14 


+ 13 


+ 10 


+ 17 


+ 


8 


+ 15 


+ 16 + 7 


50,000 to 100,000 


251 


17.468 


+ 


14 


+ 14 


+ 14 


+ 2 


+ 10 


+ 18 


+ 


12 


+ 13 


+ 18 + 7 


25,000 to 50,000 


435 


15.586 


+ 


15 


+ 17 


+ 15 


+ 3 


+ 2 


+ 25 


+ 


14 


+ 14 


+ 18 + 8 


10,000 to 25,000 


1118 


17,776 


+ 


15 


+ 15 


+ 15 


- 10 


- 2 


+ 19 


+ 


16 


+ 12 


+ 21 +10 


Under 10,000 


1873 


9,779 


+ 


14 


+ 11 


+ 15 


- 6 


+ 11 


+ 16 


+ 


11 


+ 10 


+ 21 + 9 



TABLE 2 



Region 



CRIME INDEX TRENDS BY GEOGRAPHIC REGION 
(1970 over 1969) 



Total Violent Property 



Mur- 
der 



For- 
cible 
rape 



Aggra- 
Rob- vated 
bery assault 



Lar- 
ceny 
Bur- $50 and 
glary over 



Auto 
theft 



Northeastern States 
North Central States 
Southern States 
Western States 

TABLE 3 



Years 



+ 10 
+ 11 
+ 13 
+ 9 



+ 17 
+ 10 
+ 11 

+ 5 



+ 9 +13 

+ 11 + 8 

+ 13 +4 

+ 9 +6 



+ 1 

+ 1 

+ 4 

+ 1 



+ 24 
+ 16 
+ 15 
+ 6 



+ 8 

+ 4 

+ 9 

+ 5 



+ 8 
+ 12 
+ 12 
+ 10 



+ 11 
+ 16 
+ 18 
+ 11 



CRIME INDEX TRENDS 



(Percent change 1965-1970, each year over previous year) 



Total Violent Property 



Mur- 
der 



For- 
cible 
rape 



Aggra- 
Rob- vated 
bery assault 



Lar- 
ceny 
Bur- $50 and 
glary over 



+ 9 

+ 1 

+ 6 

+ 4 



Auto 
theft 



1966/1965 
1967/1966 
1968/1967 
1969/1968 
1970/1969 



+ 11 
+ 16 

+ 17 
+ 12 

+ 11 



+11 
+16 
+19 
+11 

+ 12 



+ 11 
+ 17 
+ 17 
+ 12 
+ 10 



+ 11 
+ 11 
+ 13 

+ 7 

+ 7 



+ 10 

+ 7 
+ 15 
+ 17 

+ 2 



+ 14 

+ 28 
+ 30 
+ 14 
+ 17 



+ 9 
+ 9 
+ 11 
+ 9 

+ 7 



Issued by John Edgar Hoover, Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation 

United states Department of Justice, Washington, D- C 20535 

Advisory: committee on Uniform crime Records, International Association of chiefs 



+ 10 
+ 16 
+ 14 

+ 7 
+ 10 



of Police 



+ 13 
+ 17 
+ 21 
+ 19 
+ 14 



+ 13 
+ 18 
+ 19 
+ 12 
+ 5 



Jsii 






S I u S i 3 



^|35^5e"o"^ 









J 



m 



jS III 
1 1 Ifs 









I a I I f 
I I I I I 



jsaaaaaaa El as 



FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 
UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 



OFFICIAL BUSINESS 
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE, S300 




POSTAGE AND FEES PAID 
FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 



FOR RELEASE 
MONDAY AM 
MARCH 29, 1971 



/Vi^e. TAM-^SoM- Gou-'^ocS 



BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 
BOSTON, MASS. 02117 



FIRST CLASS MAIL 

Q 



■ 



PLEASE NOTE 

Figures used in this release are submitted voluntarily by law enforcement agencies 
throughout the country. Individuals using these tabulations are cautioned against 
drawing conclusions by making direct comparisons between cities due to the existence 
of numerous factors which affect the amount and type of crime from place to place. Some 
of these factors ore listed in the annual Uniform Crime Reports. More valid use can be 
made of these figures by determining deviations from national averages and through com- 
parisons with averages for cities in similar population groups. (Table 1) It is important 
to remember that crime is a social problem and, therefore, a conjCern of the entire com- 
munity. The efforts of law enforcement are limited to factors within its control. 



70 



GRIME 



IN THE UNITED STATES 



ISSUED BV--JOIIN EDGAR HOOVER, o„^i„-VB\ 



UNIFORM CRIME REPORTS-1970 




FOR RELEASE 

TUESDAY P.M., AUGUST 31, 1971 

PRINTED ANNUALLY 



UNIFORM 

CRIME 

REPORTS 

for the United States 



PRINTED ANNUALLY— 1970 



Advisory: Committee on Uniform Crime Records fo (c\, \ 






International Association of Chiefs of Police ^^ police^^'' 



J. Edgar Hoover, Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation 
U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, D.C. 20535 



For eale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office 

WaBhington, D.C. 20402 - Price $1.75 

Stock Number 2701-0008 



^^ 7) 






Contents 

Page 

Preface vi 

Crime factors vii 

Summary 1-53 

Crime Index totals 2-5 

Crime and population 5-6 

Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 6-10 

Aggravated assault 10-12 

Forcible rape 12-14 

Robbery 14-18 

Burglary 18-21 

Larceny 21-25 

Auto theft 25-30 

Clearances 30-33 

Persons arrested 33-36 

Persons charged 36-37 

Careers in Crime 37-42 

Police employee data 42-44 

Police killed data 44-53 

Introduction 57-62 

The Index of Crime, 1970 63-97 

United States, 1970 (table 1) 64 

United States, 1960 to 1970 (table 2) 65 

United States, 1969-1970, by regions, geographic divisions and 

states (table 3) 66-71 

States (table 4) . 72-81 

Standard metropolitan statistical areas (table 5) 82-97 

General United States crime statistics, 1970 99-118 

Crime trends, 1969-1970, by population groups (table 6) lOO-lOl 

Crime trends, 1969-1970, suburban and nonsuburban cities, by 

population groups (table 7) 102 

Crime trends, 1969-1970, suburban and nonsuburban counties by 

population groups (table 8) 103 

Crime rates, by population groups (table 9) 104-105 

Crime rates, suburban and nonsuburban cities, by population 

groups (table 10) 106 

Crime rates, suburban and nonsuburban counties, by population 

groups (table 11) 107 

Offenses known, cleared by arrest, by population groups (table 

12) 108-109 

Offenses known, cleared by arrest, by geographic divisions (table 

13) 110-111 

Offenses cleared by arrest of persons under 18 years of age (table 

14) 112-113 

Disposition of persons formally charged by the police (table 15)--- 114 
Persons charged-percent arrested or summoned (table 16) 115 



General United States crime statistics, 1970 — Continued Page 

Offenses known, cleared, persons arrested, charged and disposed 

of (table 17) 115 

Police disposition of juvenile offenders taken into custody (table 18) . 116 

Offense analysis (table 19) 117 

Type and value of property stolen and recovered (table 20) 117 

Murder victims — weapons used (table 21) 118 

Murder victims by age, sex and race (table 22) 118 

Arrests, 1970 119-159 

Number and rate by population group (table 23) 120-121 

Arrest trends, 1960-1970 (table 24) 122 

Arrest trends, 1965-1970 (table 25) 123 

Arrest trends by sex, 1960-1970 (table 26) 124 

Total arrest trends, 1969-1970 (table 27) 125 

Total arrests by age group (table 28) 126-127 

Total arrests of persons under 15, under 18, under 21, and under 

25 (table29) 128 

Total arrests, distribution by sex (table 30) 129 

Total arrest trends by sex, 1969-1970 (table 31) 130 

Total arrests by race (table 32) 131-133 

City arrest trends, 1969-1970 (table 33) 134 

City arrests by age (table 34) 135-136 

City arrests of persons under 15, under 18, under 21, and under 25 

(table 35) 137 

City arrests, distribution by sex (table 36) 138 

City arrest trends by sex, 1969-1970 (table 37) 139 

City arrests by race (table 38) 140-142 

Suburban arrest trends, 1969-1970 (table 39) 143 

Suburban arrests by age (table 40) 144-145 

Suburban arrests of persons under 15, under 18, under 21, and 

under 25 (table 41) 146 

Suburban arrests, distribution by sex (table 42) 147 

Suburban arrests by race (table 43) 148-150 

Rural arrest trends, 1969-1970 (table 44) 151 

Rural arrests by age (table 45) 152-153 

Rural arrests of persons under 15, under 18, under 21, and under 

25 (table46) 154 

Rural arrests, distribution by sex (table 47) 155 

Rural arrests by race (table 48) 156-158 

Suburban and rural arrest trends by sex, 1969-1970 (table 49) 159 

Police employee data, 1970 161-184 

Full-time police employees; number, rate and range (table 50) 162 

Full-time police officers; number, rate and range (table 51) 163 

Civilian employees, percent of total (table 52) 164 

Police officers killed (table 53) 164 

Assaults on police officers by geographic divisions and population 

groups (table 54) 164 

Assaults on police officers, percent distribution of weapons used 

(table 55) 165 

Full-time state police and highway patrol employees, and police 

killed (table 56) 165 



Police employee data, 1970— Continued Page 

Police employees in individual cities and suburban counties (tables 

57, 58 and 59) 166-184 

OflFenses in individual areas 25,000 and over by population groups 

(table 60) 185-201 

Offenses in individual suburban counties (table 61) 202-208 



Preface 

In the last several years great strides have been made by law enforcement 
in developing and implementing statewide programs to collect meaningful 
crime statistics. The FBI is presently receiving Uniform Crime Reports data 
from central state sources in ten states and is assisting in the development of 
similar programs in an additional ten states for implementation in 1972. These 
programs are an integral part of central state systems designed to provide 
criminal justice information services. Statistical data on crime and the basic 
activities of the criminal justice agencies are essential to each state if it is to 
intelligently analyze the crime problem, plan for and evaluate the criminal 
justice response. 

Vital to the success of these state programs are adequate field staffs to 
assist local agencies by counseling them in proper records management and 
crime reporting practices. Administrative services of this kind provided by the 
state agency should include periodic audits since conclusions drawn and 
decisions made from the statistical information are only as valid as the reliability 
of the data base. 

The National Crime Information Center and its related state computer 
systems, while initially established as operational information systems, will 
increasingly provide valuable statistical information as a by-product. With the 
addition, in the near future, of offenders' criminal history records, a ready 
source becomes available for in depth research, particularly that aimed at 
evaluating criminal justice measures. Progress is being made in adapting new 
technology to meet the needs in this area, however, it must be again stressed 
that proper and accurate recording of data is vital. We all share a most 
important responsibility to constantly improve on identification, communica- 
tion, information collecting and processing techniques if we expect to derive 
from these systems more meaningful and rewarding results. 



^•^ 



-Mw-O-^M-V, 



John Edgar Hoover, Director 



Crime Factors 

Uniform Crime Reports give a nationwide view of crime based on police 
statistics made possible by the voluntary cooperation of local law enforcement 
agencies. Since the factors which cause crime are many and vary from place to 
place, readers are cautioned against drawing conclusions from direct com- 
parisons of crime figures between individual communities without first con- 
sidering the factors involved. The national material summarized in this publi- 
cation should be used, however, as a starting point to determine deviations of 
individual cities from the national averages. 

Crime is a social problem and the concern of the entire community. The 
law enforcement effort is limited to factors within its control. Some of the 
conditions which will affect the amount and type of crime that occurs from place 
to place are briefly outlined below : 

Density and size of the community population and the metropolitan area 
of which it is a part. 

Composition of the population with reference particularly to age, sex and 
race. 

Economic status and mores of the population. 

Relative stability of population, including commuters, seasonal, and other 
transient types. 

Climate, including seasonal weather conditions. 

Educational, recreational, and religious characteristics. 

Effective strength of the police force. 

Standards governing appointments to the police force. 

Policies of the prosecuting officials and the courts. 

Attitude of the public toward law enforcement problems. 

The administrative and investigative efficiency of the local law enforcement 
agency, including the degree of adherence to crime reporting standards. 



vu 



Summary 

This section is for readers who are interested in the general crime -picture for 
the United States. The volume, trend and rate of crime related to current 
population are discussed in context with the Crime Index offenses — murder and 
nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, 
larceny $50 and over in value and auto theft. In addition. Crime Index offences are 
treated individually to better delineate the nature of these criminal acts. Arrests, 
persons charged, clearances of crime, police employee data, police killed, and police 
assaults are discussed. Statistical data concerning the criminal recidivism of persons 
who have at least on one occasion during their criminal career become involved in 
the commission of a federal offense are also examined. In subsequent sections 
technical data of interest primarily to police, social scientists and other students 
are presented. If you desire assistance in the interpretation of any information in 
this publication, please communicate with the Director, Federal Bureau of Investiga- 
tion, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, D.C. 20535. 



4-180 

+ 170 

+ 160 

+ 150 

+ 140 

+ 130 

+ 120 

+ 110 

+ 100 

+ 90 

+ 80 

+ 70 

+ 60 

+ 50 

+ 40 

+ 30 

+ 20 

+ 10 



Chart 1 

CRIME AND POPULATION 

I960 - 1970 
PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1960 



*- 

t 

» — 

» 

^ 

» -f- 

/ 

g 

t g. 

g 

9 g 

r / 
1 ^t 

I g 

g 

« M 

g 
g 

g 

? ir 

g 

g 

g 

g 

/ g 

f 

0. ^'- . 

g 

g 

4 g 

g 
g 
g 
^ -K. 

V 



\ 



CRIME 

UP 176% 



CRIME RATE 

UP 144% 



<^ POPU 
I UP 



LATION 

13% 



1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 

CRIME = CRIME INDEX OFFENSES 

CRIME RATE = NUMBER OF OFFENSES PER 100.000 POPULATION 



FBI CHAR 



Charts 



-i-160 

+ 150 

+ 140 

+ 130 

+ 120 

+ 110 

+ 100 

+ 90 

+ 80 

+ 70 

+ 60 

+ 50 

+ 40 

+ 30 

+ 20 

+ 10 





CRIMES OF VIOLENCE 

I960 - 1970 
PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1960 



-10 



, #- 

/ 

/ 

? — 

1 

^ — y. 

1 — J. — 

i w 

* £_ 

J -f 

/ X 

I X 

# — -g- 

/ f 
I i 

I J. 

/ / 
r g 
^ / 

/ / 

/ g 

* g 

/ g 

3 -g 

# g 

* g 

* g 

^^ ^r 

« — _^^^ 

* ^ 
* ^ 



VIOLENT CRIME 
UP 156% 



RATE 
UP 126% 



1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 

LIMITED TO MURDER, FORCIBLE RAPE, ROBBERY AND AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 



FBI CHART 



Charts 



•1-180 
+ 170 
-t-160 
-t-150 
-t-140 
+ 130 
+ 120 
+ 110 
+ 100 
+ 90 
+ 80 
+ 70 
+ 60 
+ 50 
+ 40 
+ 30 
+ 20 
+ 10 



CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY 

I960 - 1970 
PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1960 





















1 
1 


















1 
t 

-* 


















1 


















1 
1 


/' 


















1 
t 
* 


/ 
















1 
* 


4 


r 














1 
» 


/ 


















1 X 


















1 t 
t i 

M 


















» 




















1 




















'/ 


















/ 
















.y 


/ 
















/ 


^ 


r 
















■^y 


^ 
















y;> 


r 














^ 


*•'' 


.^ 

















^PROPE 



RTY CRIME 

p 180% 



i 



RATE 
UP 147% 



1960 



1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 



LIMITED TO BURGLARY, LARCENY $50 AND OVER, AND AUTO THEFT 



FBI CHART 



CRIME INDEX TOTALS 

The Uniform Crime Reporting Program 
employs seven crime classifications to establish 
an index to measure the trend and distribution 
of crime in the United States. These crimes — 
murder, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, 
burglary, larceny $50 and over in value, and auto 
theft — are counted by law enforcement agencies 
as the crimes become known to them. These 
crimes were selected for use in the Crime Index 
because, as a group, they represent the most 
common local crime problem. They are all serious 
crimes, either by their very nature or due to the 
volume in which they occur. Offenses of murder, 
forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault 
are categorized as violent crimes. Offenses of 
burglary, larceny $50 and over in value, and auto 
theft are classed as crimes against property. 

It is believed desirable to point out that there 
is no way of determining the total number of 
crimes which are committed. Many criminal 
acts occur which are not reported to official 
sources. In light of this fact, the best source for 
obtaining a count of crime is the next logical 
universe, namely, crimes which come to police 
attention. The crimes used in the Crime Index 
are those considered to be most consistently 
reported to police and the computations of crime 
trends and crime rates are prepared using this 
universe — offenses kno\vn to police. 

The crime counts set forth in this publication 
are actual offenses established by police investi- 
gation. When police receive a complaint of a 
crime and the follow-up investigation discloses 
no crime occurred it is "unfounded." On a national 
average, police investigations "unfound" 4 percent 
of the citizen complaints concerning Crime Index 
offenses ranging from 3 percent in the larceny 
classification to 18 percent in forcible rape com- 
plaints. Unfounded complaijits are eliminated 
from these crime counts. 

In calendar year 1970 an estimated 5,568,200 
Index offenses were reported to law enforcement 
agencies, an 11 percent increase over 1969. The 
violent crimes as a group made up 13 percent of 
the Crime Index total and rose 12 percent, with 
murder up 8 percent, forcible rape 2 percent, 
robbery 17 percent, and aggravated assault 8 
percent. Each of the voluminous property crimes 
recorded an increase, which contributed to the 
11 percent rise in this group of offenses represent- 



ing 87 percent of the Crime Index total. Individ- 
ually, biu-glary was up 11 percent, larceny $50 
and over in value increased 15 percent, and auto 
theft was up 6 percent. Since 1960, the violent 
crimes as a group have increased 156 percent, 
property crimes 180 percent, and the combined 
Crime Index 176 percent in volume. 

As in prior years the suburban areas continued 
to show an above average rise in the volume of 
crime with a 14 percent increase over 1969. The 
large core cities having populations in excess of 
250,000 were up 6 percent in volume and the rural 
areas registered a 15 percent upswing. The 
largest American cities over 1 milHon population 
registered an average increase of 8 percent. As 
noted in prior issues, while the suburban areas 
continued to record sharp percentage upswings in 
the volume of crime, a much higher level of 
crime occurs in the large cities. 

Crime increases were noted in each crime classifi- 
cation and each geographic region with the volume 
of crime in 1970 up 14 percent in the Southern 
States, 12 percent in the North Central States, 11 
percent in the Northeastern States, and 9 percent 
in the Western States. 

Estimated 1970 crime figures for the United 
States are set forth in the following table. 

CRIME AND POPULATION 

Crime rates relate the incidence of crime to 
population. From a realistic point of view, a 
crime rate should be considered as a victim risk 
rate. The discussion that follows will demonstrate 
that the risk of becoming a victim of crime in 
this country is increasing and that population 
growth cannot alone account for the crime 
increases. 

The Crime Index rate for the United States rose 
from 2,477 offenses per 100,000 inhabitants in 1969 
to 2,740 in 1970, an 11 percent increase in the 
victim rate. The national crime rate, or the risk 
of being a victim of one of these crimes, has in- 
creased 144 percent since 1960. Many factors 
influence the nature and extent of crime in a 
particular community. A number of these factors 
are shown on page vii of this publication. A crime 
rate only takes into consideration the numerical 
factor of population and does not incorporate 
any of the other elements which contribute to 
the amount of crime in a given area. The statistical 



National Crime, Rafe, and Percent Change 



Crime Index offenses 



Violent... 
Property. 



Murder 

Forcible rape 

Robbery... 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary 

Larceny $60 and over- 
Auto thett 



Estimated crime 1970 



731,400 
4, 836, 800 

15, 810 
37, 270 
348,380 
329,940 
2.169,300 
1, 746, 100 
921,400 



Rate per 

100,000 

Inhabitants 



360.0 
2,380.6 

7.8 
18.3 
171.6 
162.4 
1,067.7 
869.4 
463.5 



Percent change over 1 



+11.7 
+11.3 



+8.4 

+2.2 
+17.1 

+7.7 
+ 11.3 
+14.5 

+6.7 



+11.0 
+10.6 



+8.3 

+1.1 
+16.4 

+7.0 
+10.6 
+13.8 

+6.0 



Percent change over ) 



+90.9 
+89.9 



+60.6 
+62.3 

+152. 3 
+65.6 
+71.9 

+ 120.4 
+86.9 



+82.2 
+81.1 



+62.9 
+63.8 

+ 140.6 
+48.3 
+64.0 

+110.2 
+78.3 



Percent change over 1960 



+156. 6 
+179. 7 



+75.7 
+121. 1 
+224. 4 
+117.1 
+141. 7 
+244.9 
+182. 9 



+126. 4 
+146. 8 



+56.0 
+94.7 
+186.3 
+91.7 
+113.3 
+204.4 
+149. 7 



tables in this publication disclose the varying 
crime experiences, especially among large cities 
and subm-ban communities, are affected by a 
complex set of involved factors and are not solely 
limited to numerical population diflFerences. The 
text tables set forth on these pages reveal the 
variation in crime experience by geographic region 
and particulariy large core cities as contrasted 
with the suburban and rural areas. 

The above table discloses each crime category 
recorded a rate increase ranging from 1 percent in 
forcible rape to 16 percent in robbery offenses. 
The number of crimes per unit of population is, as 
expected, highest in the large metropolitan centers 
and in those areas where the population is rapidly 
increasing. 

The accompanying charts illustrate the trend of 
crime in the United States for 1960 tlu-ough 1970 
by showing percentage changes in volume and rate 
of crime together with the population increase. 

Crime Rate by Area, 1970 

[Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants] 







Area 




Crime Index offenses 


Total 

U.S. 


Cities 
over 
260,000 


Subur- 
ban 


Rural 




2,740.6 


6, 336. 1 


2,137.0 


927.4 








360.0 
2,380.6 


980.4 
4,364.7 


176.7 
1,960.3 


120.0 


Property 


807.4 




7.8 
18.3 
171.6 
162.4 
1,067.7 
869.4 
463.6 


17.6 

39.7 

689.4 

333.9 

1, 947. 9 

1,290.1 

1, 116. 7 


3.8 
13.0 
68.3 
101.6 

871.7 
800.8 
287.8 


6.4 




9.9 




14.1 




89.6 




434.1 




302.7 




70.7 







Crime Rafe by Region, 1970 

[Rate per 100,000 inhabitants] 



Crime Index offenses 



Violent... 
Property.- 



Murder 

Forcible rape 

Robbery. --- 

Aggravated assault — 

Burglary 

Larceny $60 and over.. 
Autotheft 



North- 
eastern 
States 



386.3 
2, 460. 6 



6.8 
12.7 
232.8 
134.0 
1,066.6 
823.2 
671.9 



North 
Central 
States 



323.2 
2, 076. 5 

6.6 
17.0 
172.7 
127.0 
896.6 
769.7 
419.3 



362.2 
2, 038. 

11.2 
18.0 
130.2 
202.7 
960.7 
760.2 
327.1 



380.0 
3,381.3 

6.4 
28.9 
167.6 
187.3 
1, 641. 8 
1, 269. 3 
670.2 



Separate charts provide similar information rela- 
tive to crimes of violence and crimes against 
property. Since 1960, the rate for crimes of violence 
as a group increased 126 percent and property 
crime rates rose 147 percent. 

The reader's attention is directed to the tables 
containing arrest data which commence on 
page 119 for additional information on the seven 
Crime Index offenses, as well as arrest statistics for 
other criminal acts. 

MURDER AND NONNEGLIGENT 
MANSLAUGHTER 

This Crime Index offense includes all willful 
killings without due process and is scored on the 
basis of police investigation as opposed to any 
decision of a court, coroner, jury or other judicial 
body. Deaths caused by negligence are not in- 
cluded in this category but are counted as man- 



slaughter by negligence. Attempts to kill or 
assaults to kill are scored as aggravated assaults 
and not as murder. The crime count for this 
oflFense classification also excludes suicides, ac- 
cidental deaths and justifiable homicides. 

Volume 

In 1970, there were an estimated 15,810 murders 
committed in the United States. This represents a 
numerical increase of 1,220 over the 14,590 
homicides recorded in 1969. This crime makes up 
slightly more than 2 percent of the crimes of 
violence and represents less than one-half of 1 
percent of all Crime Index offenses. 

The frequency of murder in 1970 was highest 



during the period August through December, with 
August and September representing the high 
months of the year. In a breakdown by region, 45 
percent of the murders in 1970 occurred in the 
Southern States followed by the North Central 
States with 23 percent, Northeastern States with 
18 percent, and the Western States with 14 percent 
of the total. 

Trend 

Murder increased 8 percent in 1970 over 1969. 
The long term trend in this serious crime reveals 
an increase from 9,000 in 1960 to 15,810 murders 
in 1970. This is a rise of 76 percent. (Chart 4.) 

Regionally, murder offenses rose 13 percent in 



MURDER 

I960 - 1970 



PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1960 

, NUMBER OF OFFENSES UP 76 PERCENT 

.RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS UP 56 PERCENT 



+ 80 
+ 70 
+ 60 
+ 50 
+ 40 
+ 30 
+ 20 
+ 10 




-10 



/ 



1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 



FBI CHART 



Chart 4 



the Northeastern States, 8 percent in the North 
Central States, and 7 percent m both the Western 
and Southern States. Large core cities with 250,000 
or more population and subuiban areas had an 8 
percent rise in the number of murders in 1970, 
while rural areas experienced a 15 percent increase 
in the number of murder offenses. 

Murder Rate 

There were 7.8 victims per 100,000 inhabitants 
in 1970. This is a rise from the 7.2 murder rate 
recorded in 1969 and represents an 8 percent 
increase in the murder rate, 1970 over 1969. 
Nationwide, cities with 250,000 or over in popu- 
lation had a murder rate of 17.5 per 100,000 
inhabitants, up 11 percent over 1969. In the 
suburbs the murder rate was 3.8 per 100,000 while 
the rate in the rural areas was 6.4 per 100,000 
inhabitants. 

As in past years, the number of murder victims 
in proportion to population was highest in the 
Southern States where the rate of 11.2 was 8 
percent above 1969. In the North Central States a 
rate of 6.5 was 7 percent above the prior year and 



the Western States rate of 6.4 was up 5 percent. 
The Northeastern States had a rate of 5.8 which 
was 12 percent higher than the 1969 rate. 

Nature of Murder 

Through the use of a supplemental report, 
details are collected on murder offenses to obtain 
data on age, sex, and race of the victims, the 
weapon used to commit the offenses and the 
circumstances or motives which lead to the crime. 

Males outnumbered females as victims of mur- 
der by more than 3 to 1 in 1970, which is similar to 
the experience in 1969. Nationwide, the ratio of 
arrests for murder was more than five males to 
each female. Forty-four of every 100 victims were 
white and 55 were Negro. The remaining 1 percent 
was distiibuted among all other races. It was 
determined that six out of every ten murder 
victims were between 20 and 45 years of age, with 
the largest number, 30 percent, falling in the 20 to 
29 age group. 

Fu'earms continue to be the predominant 
weapon used in murder, as illustrated in the 
accompanying chart. For the year 1970, as in 1968 



MURDER 

BY TYPE OF WEAPON USED 
1970 



B2% 



RIFLE 


b"; 


't 






SHOTGUN 




8% 








CUTTING OR STABBING 










OTHER WEAPON 

(CLUB, POISON, etc.) 




8% 








PERSONAL WEAPON 

(HANDS. FISTS. FEET.etc.) 




8% 



19% 



FBI CHART 



Chart 5 



and 1969, 65 percent of the homicide victims were 
killed through the use of a firearm. As in prior j-ears 
handguns were again the predominate firearm 
used, \nth 52 percent of the murders resulting 
from the use of handguns, 8 percent from the use of 
shotguns, and 5 percent of the murder victims died 
from rifle wounds. Cutting or stabbing weapons 
weie used in 19 percent of the murders, other 
weapons (blunt objects such as hammers and clubs, 
poison, arson, explosives, drowning, etc.) in 8 
percent, and in the remaining 8 percent of the 
murders, personal weapons such as hands, fists 
and feet were used. 

An analysis of types of murder weapons by 
region shows that in 1970 the Southern States led 
in homicides by use of firearms with seven of every 
ten victims succumbing from gunshot wounds. 
Knives or other cutting instruments were used 
most frequently as murder weapons in the North- 
eastern States where three out of every ten homi- 
cide victims died of cut or stab wounds. The use 
of personal weapons resulting in murder hj stran- 
gulation and internal injuries was highest in the 
Northeastern States and lowest in the Southern 
States. Since 1964, murder through the use of a 
firearm has more than doubled while use of a cut- 
ting or stabbing instrument has increased 35 
percent. 

Murder, type of weapon used 
[Percent distribution! 



Region 


Total 

aU 

weapons 

used 


Fire- 
arms 


Knife or 
other 
cutting 
instru- 
ment 


Other 
weapon; 

club, 
poison, 

etc. 


Personal 
weapons 


Northeastern States 

North Central States__.. 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


49.9 
70.6 
73.1 
S6.6 


28.3 
15.6 
16.3 
18.4 


9.9 
5.9 
5.6 
13.4 


11.9 
7.9 
5.0 




11.6 






Total - 


100.0 


65.4 


18.9 


7.6 


8.1 



As it has been pointed out in prior issues of this 
publication, police are powerless to prevent a large 
number of these crimes, which is made readily 
apparent from the circumstances or motives which 
surround criminal homicide. The significant fact 
emerges that most murders are committed by 
relatives of the victim or persons acquainted with 
the victim. It follows, therefore, that criminal 
homicide is, to a major extent, a national social 
problem beyond police prevention. In 1970, 
killings within the family made up about one- 
fourth of all murders. Over one-half of these 
involved spouse killing spouse and the remainder 
involved other family killings such as parents 
killing children and other in-family relationship 
type murders. In this Program, felony murder is 
defined as those kilhngs resulting from robberies, 
sex motives, gangland slayings, and other felonious 
activities. These known and suspected felonious 
kilhngs comprise 29 percent of the total murder 
offenses in 1970, up from 27 percent in 1969 and 25 
percent known or suspected felonious homicides in 
1968. The following table demonstrates by geo- 
graphic region the percentage of murder by type or 
circumstance in 1970. 

During 1970, 7 percent of the murders were the 
result of romantic triangles or lovers' quariels. 
More than four of every ten were the direct 
result of arguments outside the family unit and 
not involving the romantic triangle situations. It 
is known that the persons participating in these 
arguments were most frequently acquainted prior 
to the fatal act. 

In situations involving husband and wife, the 
wife was the victim in 54 percent of the cases and 
the husband in 46 percent. In these incidents, 
47 percent of the victims were white, 52 percent 
were Negro and the remaining 1 percent other 
race or race not stated. 



Murder by circumttance 

[Percent distribution] 



Region 


Total 


Spouse 
killing 
spouse 


Parent 
kiUing 
chUd 


Other 
family 
kiUmgs 


Romantic 
triangle 

and lovers 
quarrels 


Other 
arguments 


Known 
felony 
type 


Suspected 
felony 
type 




100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


9.6 
11.3 
13.8 
12.5 


3.7 
3.0 
2.2 
4.9 


6.1 
8.9 
8.8 
7.0 


7.9 
5.0 
8.4 
6.4 


38.4 
39.5 
46.0 
32.2 


25.4 
22.4 
13.9 
28.0 


8.9 


North Central States 


9.9 




6.9 


Western States. . 


9.0 






Total ._. 


100.0 


12.1 


3.1 


8.1 


7.1 


40.8 


20.4 


8.4 







In lovers' quarrels, the females were the victims 
in 55 percent of the murders, but when a third 
party entered the scene to complete a romantic 
triangle, a male was the victim in 93 percent of 
the confrontations. 

The victims of felony-tj'pe murders were 64 
percent white, 35 percent Negro, and 1 percent 
other race or race not stated. 

Clearances 

Nationwide, police continue to be successful in 
clearing or solving by arrest a higher percentage of 
the murder cases than any other Crime Index 
offense. In 1970, 86 percent of the criminal 
homicides were solved. Persons under 18 years of 
age were involved in 6 percent of the willful 
killings solved by the police. 

Persons Arrested 

Based on reports submitted by law enforcement 
agencies, 10 percent of all persons arrested for 
murder were under 18 years of age, and 43 percent 
were under 25. The involvement of the young age 
group under 18 years of age is indicated in the 
long-term arrest trends for murder, 1960-1970, 
where a 203 percent increase occurred. The 
increase in adult arrests for murder during this 
period was 94 percent. Numerically, the 20 to 24 
year age group had the heaviest involvement 
during 1970 wath 23 percent of the total arrests 
coming from within this age group. Negroes made 
up 60 percent of the arrests for murder in 1970, 
and 55 percent of the victims of homicide were 
also Negroes. There was an 8 percent increase in 
the number of arrests of females for murder in 
1970. 

Persons Charged 

Law enforcement agencies' reports disclose that 
67 percent of all adults charged with murder in 
1970 were prosecuted during the year. Forty-four 
percent of the adults prosecuted were foimd 
guilt}' as charged, and 15 percent were convicted 
on some lesser charge. The remaining 41 percent 
won release by acquittal or dismissal of the charges 
against them. Of all individuals processed for 
murder, 12 percent were juveniles who had their 
cases referred to juvenile court jurisdiction. 

AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 

Aggravated assault is defined as an unlawful 
attack b}- one person upon another for the purpose 
of inflicting severe bodilj- injurj- usually accom- 



panied by the use of a weapon or other means 
likely to produce death or serious bodily harm. 
Attempts are included since it is not necessary that 
an injury result when a gun, knife, or other weapon 
is used which could and probably would result in 
serious personal injury if the crime was successfully 
completed. 

Volume 

In calendar year 1970, there was an estimated 
total of 329,940 aggravated assaults. This is an 
increase of 23,520 offenses over the previous year. 
This violent crime against the person made up over 
6 percent of the Crime Index offenses in 1970 and 
comprised 45 percent of the crimes of violence. 
Regionally, the Southern States recorded 38 per- 
cent of the total count of these crimes followed 
by the North Central States 22 percent, while the 
Northeastern and Western States each accounted 
for 20 percent. As has been the experience in prior 
years, the warm summer months recorded the high 
frequencies dining 1970. (See Chart 14.) 

Trend 

In 1970, the volume of aggravated assault 
offenses increased 8 percent over 1969 and 117 
percent over 1960. Cities with 250,000 inhabitants 
and over had a 3 percent increase in volume. The 
suburban areas reported a 12 percent rise and rural 
areas were up 7 percent. The Western States 
reported an upward trend of 9 percent while 
North Central States registered an increase of 5 
percent. The Northeastern and Southern States 
each recorded an increase of 8 percent. 

Aggravated Assault Rate 

For each 100,000 persons in the United States 
during 1970, there were 162 victims of aggravated 
assault. Large core cities 250,000 and over in 
population recorded a victim rate of 334 per 
100,000, suburban 102, and rural areas 90. 
Overall, the victim rate for aggravated assault 
increased 7 percent over 1969, and 92 percent 
over 1960. (See Chart 6.) The Southern States 
were again highest with a rate of 203 per 100,000 
followed by the Western States 187, Northeastern 
States 134, and the North Central States 127. 
This victim rate was up 5 percent in large core 
cities while the suburban area rate was up 7 
percent and the rural area 5 percent. 

Nature of Aggravated Assault 

Most aggravated assaults occur within the 
family unit, or among neighbors or acquaintances. 



10 



Chart 6 



+ 120 
+ 110 

+ 100 
+ 90 
+ 80 
+ 70 
+ 60 
+ 50 
+ 40 
+ 30 
+ 20 
+ 10 

- 10 


AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 

I960 - 1970 

PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1960 

___. NUMBER OF OFFENSES UP 117 PERCENT 

mm^ RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS UP 92 PERCENT 






















/ 




















* 






















J 
















4 

* 


* 


/ 
















* 


/ 
















/ 




r 














.^ 


/ 


/ 
















/ 


/ 
















,,--' 


^ 


















— ^ 
















^^- 


/ 
















^ 


K^ 


r 


































19 


60 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 19 


70 



FBI CHART 



11 



The victim and offender relationship, as well as 
the very nature of the attack makes this crime 
similar to murder. In 1970, 24 percent of the 
serious assaults were committed with the use of a 
firearm. A knife or other cutting instrument was 
used in 28 percent of the assaults, 24 percent were 
committed with blunt objects or other dangerous 
weapons, and 23 percent with personal weapons, 
such as hands, fists and feet. The collection of 
crime counts in this offense category was broken 
down into the above subclassifications commencing 
in 1964 in order to further define the nature of 
these serious assaults. A comparison of the assault 
subclassifications for 1970 with 1964 indicates that 
assaults with firearms have increased 167 percent; 
assaults mth a knife or other cutting instrument 
have risen 15 percent; those assaults where blunt 
objects or other dangerous weapons are used 
increased 75 percent, and those assaults through 
use of personal weapons have cHmbed 75 percent. 
The table which follows demonstrates the regional 
experience of aggravated assault in 1970 by type 
of weapon used. 

Aggravated Assault By Type of Weapon Used 

[Percent distribution] 



Region 


Total 

all 

weapons 

used 


Fire- 
arms 


Knife or 
other 
cutting 
Instru- 
ment 


other 

weapon; 

club, 

poison, 

etc. 


Personal 
weapons 


Northeastern States 

North Central States.... 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


16.8 
27.9 
27.7 
22.3 


31.3 
26.7 
29.2 
23.9 


31.6 
20.8 
19.9 
28.4 


20.3 
24.6 




25.4 






Total. 


100.0 


24.3 


28.0 


24.4 


23.3 







Clearances 

Performance, as measured by solutions, indi- 
cates American law enforcement agencies were 
successful in solving 65 of each 100 cases in 1970 
which is the same level achieved in 1969. This 
relativelj- high solution ratio follows that of the 
other crimes against the person. Persons under 18 
years of age were identified in 10 percent of these 
clearances. Due to the nature of these crimes, 
arrests are frequently made upon the response of 
patrol units. This type of patrol call is hazardous 
to the officers. Since 1961, 98 officers have lost 
their lives responding to disturbance-type calls, 
which frequently involve fkmily arguments. 
Persons Arrested 

Comparing aggravated assault arrests for 1970 
with those in 1960 indicates that arrests of young 



persons under 18 increased 133 percent while 
arrests of adults were up 54 percent. As a group, 
persons 21 years of age and over accounted for 70 
percent of the arrests for aggravated assault in 
1970 and those under age 21 accounted for 30 
percent. Arrests of males outnumbered females by 
about 7 to 1. 

Persons Charged 

Law enforcement agencies have difficulty in 
obtaining convictions based on original charge in 
the aggravated assault category. The close family 
or other relationship which exists between victims 
and assailants in this categorj^ accounts for the 
victim's frequent unwillingness to testify for the 
prosecution. Acquittals and dismissals, therefore, 
continue to run high, four out of each ten cases. 
Seventy-one out of every 100 adults arrested for 
aggravated assault in 1970 were prosecuted. Forty- 
four percent of the adults prosecuted for this 
offense were convicted on this charge, 16 percent 
were convicted of lesser charges while 18 percent 
of all persons processed were referred to juvenile 
court jurisdiction. 

FORCIBLE RAPE 

Forcible rape, as defined under this Program, is 
the carnal knowledge of a female through the use of 
force or the threat of force. Assaults to commit 
forcible rape are also included ; however, statutory 
rape (without force) is not counted. Crime counts 
in this offense category are broken down by actual 
forcible rapes and attempted forcible rapes. 

Volume 

During 1970, there was an estimated total of 
37,270 forcible rapes. Numerically, the volume 
increased by 800 offenses over 1969. Forcible 
rape made up less than 1 percent of the Crime 
Index total and 5 percent of the crimes of violence 
in 1970. The greatest volume was recorded in the 
Southern States with 30 percent of the total, while 
the Western States recorded 27 percent, the North 
Central States 26 percent and the Northeastern 
States 17 percent. 

A comparison of the month-to-month variations 
of forcible rape in 1970 with the long-term sea- 
sonally adjusted trend followed the pattern set 
for many years. Chart 14 reflects the month-to- 
month variations of forcible rape during 1970, as 
well as a comparison with the prior 5-year ex- 
perience. 



12 



Chart 7 



FORCIBLE RAPE 

I960 - 1970 

PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1960 

NUMBER OF OFFENSES UP 121 PERCENT 

RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS UP 95 PERCENT 



+ 130 



+ 120 



+ 110 



+ 100 



+ 90 
+ 80 



+ 70 



+ 60 



+ 50 



+ 40 



+ 30 



+ 20 



+ 10 



-10 



/ 

I 

/ 
I 

I 

? 

/ ^ 

# y 

t / 

/ i 
t i 
i. J- 

' a' 

^^ 

— ^,p^ 

» M 

— f-M- 

/ X 



1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 



FBI CHART 



13 



Trend 

The volume of forcible rape offenses in 1970 in- 
creased 2 percent over 1969, and 121 percent over 
1960. This crime was committed most often in the 
big cities with 250,000 or more inhabitants which 
accounts for 45 percent of the forcible rapes. In 
1970, this group of cities registered a one percent in- 
crease and the suburban areas also were up 1 per- 
cent. A rise of 5 percent was recorded in the rural 
areas. Geographically, the Southern States were 
up 5 percent, the Northeastern States 2 percent, 
the Western States 1 percent and the North Cen- 
tral States remained at the 1969 level. 
Forcible Rape Rate 

A crime rate equates the number of crimes per 
unit of population, and in its proper perspective, 
is a victim risk rate. In 1970, 36 out of every 
100,000 females in this country were reported forc- 
ible rape victims. Since 1960, the forcible rape 
victim rate has increased 95 percent. In calendar 
year 1970, the forcible rape rate increased 1 per- 
cent over 1969. 

The large core cities recorded a victim risk 
rate of 77 per 100,000 females, while the subur- 
ban area rate was 25 and the rural area 19. 
Again, as experienced in 1969, females residing 
in the Western States were most often the 
victims of forcible rape. In these States, the 
forcible rape rate was 56 per 100,000 females. 
The North Central States recorded a rate of 33, 
followed by the Southern and Northeastern 
States with rates of 35 and 25 per 100,000 
females respectively. 

Nature of Offertses 

In 1970, 71 percent of all oflFenses reported in 
this crime class were actual rapes by force 
while the remainder were attempts or assaults 
to commit forcible rape. This offense is a violent 
crime against the person, and of all the Crime 
Index offenses, law enforcement administrators 
recognize that this offense is probably one of 
the most under-reported crimes due primarily 
to fear and/or embarrassment on the part of 
the victims. As a national average, 18 percent 
of all forcible rapes reported to police were 
determined by investigation to be unfounded. 
In other words, the police established that no 
forcible rape offense or attempt occurred. This 
is caused primarily due to the question of the 
use of force or threat of force frequently com- 
plicated by a prior relationship between victim 
and offender. Crime counts in this publication 

14 



are limited to actual offenses established by 
police investigation. 

Clearances 

The solution rate in 1970 was 56 percent 
which is a 0.9 percent increase over the clearance 
rate achieved in 1969. The large cities with 
250,000 or more inhabitants had a solution rate 
of 56 percent while the suburban law enforce- 
ment agencies solved 52 percent and the rural 
areas 70 percent. Nationally, 13 percent of the 
forcible rape offenses were cleared by the arrest 
of persons under the age of 18. 

Persons Arrested 

Males 17 to 20 years of age constituted the 
greatest concentration of arrests for forcible 
rape in 1970. Total arrests for this offense 
increased 1 percent with the arrest of persons 
under 18 years of age up 3 percent over 1969. 
Sixty-four percent of the arrests for forcible 
rape during the year were of persons under the 
age of 25. All arrests for forcible rape in 1970 
compared to 1960 indicate an increase of 55 
percent. Figures for the same years indicate 
that arrests of those under 18 years of age have 
increased 85 percent. In 1970, approximately 
48 percent of the persons arrested for forcible 
rape were Negroes, 50 percent whites, and all 
other races comprised the remainder. 

Persons Charged 

Of all adults arrested for forcible rape in 1970, 
70 percent were prosecuted for this offense. 
Thirty-six percent were found guilty of the 
substantive offense. An additional 18 percent of 
the adults prosecuted were convicted of lesser 
offenses. Prosecutive problems accounted for 
acquittals and/or dismissals in 46 percent of the 
cases. Juvenile referrals amounted to 22 percent 
of the persons processed on forcible rape charges 
in 1970. 

ROBBERY 

Robbery is a vicious type of crime which takes 
place in the presence of the victim to obtain 
property or a thing of value from a person by use 
of force or threat of force. Assault to rob and 
attempts are included. This is a violent crime and 
frequently results in injury to the victim. For 
crime reporting purposes data on robbery is 
collected for armed robbery where any weapon is 
used, and strong-arm robbery where no weapon 
other than a personal weapon, is employed. The 



latter category includes crimes such as mugging, 
yoking, etc. 

Volume 

During calendar year 1970, there were an 
estimated 348,380 robberies committed in the 
United States. This represents a significant in- 
crease over the 297,580 robberies which occurred 
in calendar year 1969. This oflFense makes up 6 
percent of the total Crime Index and comprises 
48 percent of the crimes of violence. In 1970, these 
offenses occurred most frequently during the 
period August through December. 

Geographically, the heaviest volume of robbery 
occurred in the Northeastern States, which 
reported 33 percent of the total in 1970. The 
percentage distribution in the other geographic 
regions showed the North Central States had 28 
percent, the Southern States 23 percent, and the 
Western States 16 percent. 

Trend 

In 1970 robbery offenses increased 17 percent 
in volume when compared with 1969. Since 1960, 
robbery has increased 224 percent. Large core 
cities with over 250,000 population witnessed a 
16 percent rise in the volume of robbery. Suburban 
areas surrounding the large core cities recorded 
a 20 percent increase while the rural areas reported 
an upward trend of 14 percent. 

There were substantial increases in robbery 
in each geographic region. The Northeastern 
States had the sharpest increase with a 24 percent 
rise, while the North Central States were up 17 
percent, the Southern States 16 percent, and the 
Western States 6 percent. 

The accompanying chart depicts the long-term 
trend in the volume of robbery and the robbery 
rate, 1960-1970. 

Robbery Rate 

The 1970 robbery rate of 171 victims per 100,000 
inhabitants was 16 percent above the 1969 rate 
and 186 percent above the 1960 rate. Robbery 
is a big city crime. American cities with over 
250,000 population accounted for nearly three 
out of every four robberies which occurred in the 
United States during 1970. 

Cities with over 250,000 inhabitants had a 
robbery rate of 589 victims per 100,000 inhabit- 
ants. There were 58 robbery victims per 100,000 
in the surburban areas, up 16 percent over the 
preceding year, and 14 victims in the rural 
portions of the country. Robbery rates in the 



/Jobbery by Geographic Region 






Total 


North- 
eastern 


North 
Central 


Southern 


Western 


Armed— any weapon — 
Strong.ann~no weapon. 


63.3 
36.7 


66.6 
34.4 


61.5 
38.5 


63.3 
36.7 


61.6 
38.4 




100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 







larger cities were about 10 times greater than they 
were in the suburban areas, again pointing out 
the fact that robbery rates tend to increase in 
proportion to density of population. On a geo- 
graphic basis, this crime occurred most frequently 
in relation to population in the Northeastern 
States where the rate was 233, 23 percent higher 
than 1969. The North Central States followed 
with a rate of 173, which was a 16 percent increase, 
the Western States 157, a 4 percent rise, and the 
Southern States 130, a 16 percent increase. 

Nature of Robbery 

Supplemental information is obtained from 
dfeies with populations of 2,500 or more as to 
robbery by type as a part of the monthly collec- 
tion of statistical data under this Program. In 
1970, these figures disclosed that 55 percent of 
the robberies were committed in the street. 
Nationally, bank robbery offenses increased 29 
percent, but continued to account for less than 
one percent of total robbery. The average bank 
robbery dollar loss decreased from $4,526 in 1969 
to $4,166 in 1970. 

The long-term trends in robbery by type as 
illustrated by the following charts show bank 
robbery has increased 409 percent since 1960. 
During this same period, gas or service station 
holdups have increased 230 percent, chain store 
robberies 389 percent, street robberies 229 percent, 
robberies in residences 213 percent, and holdups of 
other commercial or business establishments rose 
144 percent. 

Armed perpetrators were responsible for 6 out 
of every 10 robbery offenses during 1970, while 37 
percent were muggings, yokings, or other violent 
confrontations where personal weapons were used 
to subdue or overcome the victim. Since 1964, 
armed robbery has increased 198 percent and 
unarmed robbery increased 129 percent. 

Special surveys have indicated that approxi- 
mately 63 percent of all armed robbery is com- 
mitted with a firearm, 24 percent with a knife or 
other cutting instrument, and 13 percent with 
blunt objects such as clubs, etc. 

15 



Charts 



+ 230 

•(■220 

■1-210 

+ 200 

+ 190 

+ 180 

+170 

+ 160 

+ 150 

+ 140 

+ 130 

+ 120 

+ 110 

+ 100 

+ 90 

+ 80 

+ 70 

+ 60 

+ 50 

+ 40 

+ 30 

+ 20 

+ 10 



ROBBERY 

I960 - 1970 



PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1960 

NUMBER OF OFFENSES UP 224 PERCENT 

RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS UP 186 PERCENT 



-10 



i 

# 

t 
I 

t_ 

I 


» 

1 
f 
I 
# 

I i 

i i 

1 M. 

i I 

I I 

t /_ 

I # 

/ # 

/ / 

* -§■ 

I I 
* / 
^ .# 

r , ' 

I A 

I Z. 

( X 
» # 
f # 
1 ^ 

I / 
I i 

» — -f 

I / 
( # 

» — #- 

I I 
I / 

I I 
I I 

1_# 

i # 
I I 

i__L 

t i 

* w 

1 — J' 

I I 
t I 

1. — / 

I / 
I / 

I / 

r / 
4 / 
/ # 

*— -# 

* I 
* a' 
* ^ 
y ^ 



1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 



16 



FBI CHART 



STREET ROBBERY 

1960-1970 




UP 229% 



ROBBERY OF 
COMMERCIAL HOUSE 

1960-1970 

UP 144% 




















/^ 








.■.■y.........-^.^.-.'i777^^^^^m^mi-. : 


■:■:■:■:■:■: 







1960 1961 1962 1963 19S4 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 



1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 



ROBBERY OF GAS STATION 

1960-1970 

UP 230% 

A 








M 








x-'y'y.- ■'-■'-■'■■'■■'■< 








<■:'. \ M 






--r-T'n '~~ 


Wmm^i 








1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 



1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 



ROBBERY OF RESIDENCE 

1960-1970 

UP 213% 






i 


■:-:-:-:-:.tvX??!:::v:::::::bi:!:v. W:--:- Wtt: W^. 









+ 450% 
+ 400% 
+ 350% 
+ 300% 
+ 250% 
+ 200% 
+ 150% 
+ 100% 
+ 50% 




BANK ROBBERY 

1960-1970 

UP 409% 










J 


/ 




•:■:•:•:•:■ 






M 




Mm 






/•■•' 




■:■:•:•:•:•] 






M 










(■:■■:■■:■■■■'■■ 






















































































"^— t : 






~;w;> 











I960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 



1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 

FBI CHART 



17 



As it has been pointed out in prior issues of this 
pubUcation, the full impact of this violent crime 
on the victim cannot be completely measured in 
terms of dollar loss alone. While the object of the 
attack is money or property, many victims of the 
mugger and the strong-arm robber, as well as the 
armed robber, suffer serious personal injury as a 
result of the attack. During 1970, the average 
value loss to the victims of robbery was $235 for a 
total loss of $82 million. 

Clearances 

In 1970, law enforcement agencies were success- 
ful in solving 29 percent of these crimes. Seventy- 
nine percent of the robberies which were cleared 
by arrest involved adults. Fourteen percent of the 
armed robberies and 32 percent of the strong-arm 
type which were cleared, involved arrests of 
persons under 18 years of age. 
Persons Arrested 

Nationally, arrests for robbery increased 10 
percent in 1970 compared to 1969. The greatest 
volume of arrests occurred in cities and were up 10 
percent. In the rural areas arrests increased 5 
percent and in the suburban areas arrests rose 
14 percent. 

Arrest data discloses that 77 percent of the 
persons arrested for robbery were under 25 years 
of age, and 57 percent were under 21 years of age. 
Nationally, 33 percent of the persons arrested for 
robbery were under 18. This greater proportion of 
young age arrests, compared to solutions, is 
accounted for in part by the fact they act in 
groups such as in strong-arm robbery. Robbery 
arrests for this young age group recorded a 9 
percent increase in 1970 over 1969. In the sub- 
urban areas young persons made up 27 percent of 
the arrests, and in the rural areas 15 percent. 

In 1970, six of every 100 persons arrested for 
robbery were females and arrests of women for 
this offense rose 8 percent in 1970 when related to 
1969. 

From a standpoint of race, 65 percent of those 
arrested were Negro, 33 percent were white, and 
all other races made up the remaining 2 percent. 
Persons Charged 

In 1970, 57 percent of all adults arrested for 
robberj' were prosecuted, and 41 percent of the 
persons processed for this crime were juveniles 
whose cases were referred to juvenile court juris- 
diction. Of the adults prosecuted in 1970, 47 
percent were convicted of the substantive charge, 



13 percent were convicted on lesser charges, and 
40 percent were acquitted or their cases were 
dismissed. 

BURGLARY 

Under this Program, burglary is defined as the 
unla'tt'ful entry of a structure to commit a felony 
or theft, even though no force was used to gain 
entrance. Collection of crime counts in this cate- 
gory is broken down into three subclassifications: 
forcible entry, unlawful entry where no force is 
used, and attempted forcible entry. 

Volume 

An estimated total of 2,169,300 burglaries 
occurred during 1970. Volumewise, there was an 
increase of 219,500 offenses over 1969. The large 
cities over 250,000 population accounted for 38 
percent of all burglaries during 1970. This offense 
makes up 39 percent of the Crime Index offenses 
and 45 percent of the voluminous property crimes. 
The Southern States reported 28 percent of the 
total volume, the Western States, 25 percent, 
the Northeastern States, 24 percent and the 
North Central States, 23 percent. 

Highs were recorded during the last half of 1970, 
with the peak month being December. 

Trend 

Since 1960, burglary has increased 142 percent. 
In 1970, burglary rose 11 percent over 1969. 
Cities over 250,000 population recorded an 
increase of 7 percent while the suburban and 
rural areas were each up 12 percent. By region, the 
Southern States registered the largest overall gain 
in volume; up 14 percent. The North Central 
States were up 12 percent, the Western States 10 
percent and the Northeastern States 9 percent. 

Burglary Rate 

The long-term rise in the burglary rate, 1960- 
1970 was 113 percent. The 11 percent rise in the 
burglary rate, 1970 over 1969, followed a 6 percent 
rise in the rate, 1969 over 1968. It should be 
remembered the crime rate equates the number of 
offenses per 100,000 inhabitants and this continu- 
ing upswing in volume indicates the increasing 
number of victims of burglary both residential and 
nonresidential. The Western States again recorded 
the highest burglary rate in 1970 with 1,542 
offenses per 100,000 inhabitants followed by the 
Northeastern States wth a rate of 1,065, the 
Southern States 961 and North Central States 897. 



18 



Chart 10 



+ 150 

+ 140 

+ 130 

+ 120 

+ 110 

+ 100 

+ 90 

+ 80 

+ 70 

+ 60 

+ 50 

+ 40 

+ 30 

+ 20 

+ 10 



19 


BURGLARY 

I960 - 1970 

PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1960 

---- NUMBER OF OFFENSES UP 142 PERCENT 
^_ RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS UP 113 PERCENT 






















* 






















t 






































/' 


r 

> 
















* 


/ 


/ 
















t 
/ 

/ 


> 


/ 


















^ 
















/ 


/ 


















t 
* 


/ 
















/^ 


/ 
















„ 




/ 














> 


•'-''J 


/ 
















,/ 


^ 
















::> 


>^ 














^^^^ 


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50 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 19' 


ro 



FBI CHART 



19 



RESIDENCE 
BURGLARY 

NIGHTTIME 

1960-1970 

UP 129% 












A 




/W-y''' 






/ 






















































Chart 11 

+ 400% 

+ 350% 
+ 300% 
+ 250% 
+ 200% 
+ 150% 
+ 100% 
+ 50% 



RESIDENCE 
BURGLARY 

DAYTIME 

1960-1970 

UP 337% 







I960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 

+ 200% 



NONRESIDENCE 
BURGLARY 

NIGHTTIME 

1960-1970 

UP 61% 




+ 150% 



+ 100% 



+ 50% 



I960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1960 1961 1962 1983 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 

FBI CHART 
20 




NONRESIDENCE 
BURGLARY 

DAYTIME 

1960-1970 

UP 155% 



Core cities over 250,000 population recorded a 
rate of 1,948 per 100,000 inhabitants while the 
suburban and rural areas had rates of 872 and 434 
respectively. 
Nature of Burglary 

As it has been pointed out in prior issues, 
burglarj" is a crime of stealth and opportunity 
committed bj' amateurs and professionals alike. 
In 1970, 77 percent of the burglaries involved 
forcible entry, while 17 percent were unlawful 
entry (mthout force) and 6 percent were attempts. 
Residential biu-glary accoimted for 58 percent of 
the total while nonresidential amounted to 42 
percent in 1970. Daytime burglaries of residences 
rose 13 percent in 1970, and accounted for over 
one-half of these offenses. Since 1960, there has 
been a substantial increase of 337 percent in 
daytime residential burglaries. It should be noted 
that unattended apartments and homes during 
daytime hours are becoming increasingly easy 
prey for the burglar. Daytime burglaries of 
nonresidences rose 7 percent in 1970, but accounted 
for only 6 percent of the total burglary. 

As a group, residential and nonresidential 
nighttime burglary represented 62 percent of the 
total volume. Prevention and detection are most 
difficult for law enforcement agencies due to the 
tremendous volume of these offenses and the lack 
of adequate police patrols. In 1970, property 
owners suffered an economic loss of $672 million, 
with an average dollar loss of $310 per burglary. 
Residential burglary losses amounted to $407 
million while nonresidential losses due to burglaries 
amounted to $265 million. 
Clearances 

Law enforcement agencies were successful in 
solving 19 percent of the burglary offenses in 1970 
which is a 3 percent increase over the 1969 clear- 
ance rate. 

Adults were identified in 63 percent of all cases 
solved while young persons under 18 years of age 
were identified in 37 percent. Law enforcement 
agencies m cities 250,000 and above solved 22 
percent of these crimes in 1970. In the suburban 
areas 16 percent were solved while 21 percent were 
cleared in the rural areas. 

Persons Arrested 

In 1970, total arrests for burglary increased 6 
percent. Arrests of persons under 18 years of age 
increased 2 percent and arrests of persons 18 years 
and over rose 1 1 percent. Burglary arrests increased 
5 percent in the cities, 6 percent in suburban areas. 



and rural areas recorded an 11 percent increase. 
An analysis of the period 1960-1970, reveals a 62 
percent increase in burglary arrests. Arrests of 
individuals under the age of 18 increased 72 
percent, while arrests of adult burglary offenders 
increased 52 percent, 1960-1970. 

Nationally, persons under 25 accounted for 83 
percent of all arrests for burglary in 1970. Of the 
total, young persons under 18 accounted for 52 
percent of all arrests for this crime. Females were 
involved in five out of 100 arrests for burglary 
during 1970. Arrests of whites outnumbered 
Negroes by almost 2 to 1. 

Persons Charged 

Nationally, in 1970, 70 percent of the adults 
arrested for burglary were prosecuted. Of the 
adults, 53 percent were found guilty as charged, 
17 percent were convicted of lesser charges and 30 
percent were freed through acquittal or dismissal 
of charges. Juveniles referred to juvenile court 
jurisdiction accounted for 57 percent of all persons 
processed for burglary in 1970. 

LARCENY-THEFT 

Larceny-theft is the unlawful taking or stealing 
of property or articles of value without the use of 
force or violence or fraud. It includes crimes such 
as shoplifting, pocket-picking, purse-snatching, 
thefts from autos, thefts of auto parts and ac- 
cessories, bicycle thefts, etc. In the Uniform Crime 
Reporting Program this crime category does not 
include embezzlement, "con" games, forgery, and 
worthless checks. Auto theft, of course, is excluded 
from this category for crime reporting purposes 
inasmuch as it is a separate Crime Index offense. 

The Crime Index offense of larceny is limited to 
those thefts where the value of property stolen is 
$50 or more. 

Volume 

Larceny, the second most voluminous Index 
crime is exceeded only by burglary. In 1970 there 
were 1,746,100 offenses of larceny $50 and over, 
up from 1,524,600 in 1969. This crune makes up 
31 percent of the Crime Index total. From a sea- 
sonal standpoint, larceny was highest in the sum- 
mer months and reached a peak in August. 

The Southern States accounted for 27 percent 
of larceny-thefts while the Western and North 
Central States each contributed 25 percent, and 
the Northeastern States 23 percent. 

21 



Trend 

In 1970, the Index offense of larceny $50 and 
over, recorded a 15 percent increase over 1969 
and 245 percent over 1960. Substantial increases 
were noted in all population groups ^\^th cities 
over 250,000 population up 5 percent. The subur- 
ban areas increased 19 percent and the rural 
areas registered a 25 percent upward trend. 

Geographically, larceny increased 17 percent 
in the North Central States, 19 percent in the 
Southern States, and 11 percent in the Western 
and the Northeastern States. 

Larceny Rate 

During 1970, the larceny crime rate rose to 
859 offenses per 100,000 inhabitants, an increase 
of 14 percent over the 1969 rate and 204 percent 
over 1960. In 1970, the large core cities registered 
a crime rate of 1,290 per 100,000 inhabitants. 
The suburban larceny rate was 801 and the 
rural rate was 303. Viewed geographically, the 
Western States reported the highest larceny rate 
with 1,269 offenses per 100,000 inhabitants 
which was 8 percent above 1969. The Northeastern 
States had a rate of 823 up 11 percent; the North 
Central States 760 up 16 percent, and the Southern 
States 750 an increase of 20 percent in the rate. 

Nature of Larceny-Theft 

The average value of property stolen in each 
larceny in 1970 was $106, up from $74 in 1960. 
This average value includes losses from the 
voluminous thefts under $50 in value, of which 
there were 2,500,000 in 1970. When average 
value is applied to the estimated crimes in this 
category, the dollar loss to victims was in excess 
of $450 milhon. It is true that a portion of the 
goods stolen was recovered and returned to vic- 
tims, but the relatively low percentage of these 
crimes cleared by arrest, and the lack of specific 
identification characteristics on such property 
indicates these recoveries will not materially 
reduce the overall loss. In addition, of course, 
many offenses in this category, particularly where 
the value of the stolen goods is small, never 
come to police attention. 

Since dollar valuation of property stolen in 
thefts determines whether or not a theft be- 
comes a Crime Index offense, economic conditions 
are a factor. The rising cost of living with its 
upward influence on prices, coupled with in- 
creased demand for more expensive commodities, 
present greater criminal opportunity and also 
exert some unreal effects on the larceny $50 and 



over trend. Likewise, the average value of property 
stolen in larceny was 43 percent over the 1960 
figures. However, the volume of thefts $50 and 
over was 245 percent more than the larceny 
volume recorded in 1960. 

The dollar valuation of larceny (larceny $50 and 
over in value) as a Crime Index offense has been 
the subject of discussion by the Committee on 
Uniform Crime Records of the lACP. In recent 
years, beginning with the April, 1963, meetmg in 
Washington, D.C., the Committee has considered 
raising the dollar valuation in order to take account 
of the increasing cost of living factor. It has been 
felt, however, that this does not solve the problem 
but merely postpones it. Furthermore, it does not 
come to grips at all with the problem of fixing dol- 
lar valuation within the thousands of reporting law 
enforcement agencies. 

In the past, discussion has dealt with the pos- 
sibility of selecting a certain type or types of lar- 
ceny-theft to be utilized as the Crime Index offense 
without respect to dollar value. In 1964, the FBI 
began an expanded collection of data on larceny 
by type. It should be noted that the percent dis- 
tribution of larceny by type and area is significant. 
Likewise, the trend in "street larceny," without 
relation to dollar loss, suggests a better indicator of 
this crime experience than the present reporting 
subdivisions of "larceny $50 and over in value" 
and "larceny under $50 in value". In this regard, 
it should be noted that the category "streetlarceny" 
should include pocket-picking, purse-snatching, 
thefts from autos, automobile accessories, thefts 
from coin-operated machines and "all other" 
larceny. 

The term "street larceny" is used to identify 
this group of thefts since they generally occur 
within reach of police patrols. When "street thefts" 
are used collectively, a larceny upswing of 5 per- 
cent was registered, 1970 over 1969, and 62 percent, 
1970 over 1964. During the same periods, larceny 
$50 and over in value increased 15 percent and 139 
percent respectively. 

In 1970, the average value of goods and property 
reported stolen from victims of pickpockets was 
$80, by purse-snatchers $47, by shoplifters $26, by 
thefts from autos $139, and by miscellaneous thefts 
from buildings $185. 

The accompanying table presents distribution 
of larceny by type for large cities, suburban and 
rural areas. Cities and suburban areas appear to 
have similar characteristics except for pocket- 
picking and purse-snatching which are consider- 



22 



Chart 12 



+ 250 



•t-240 



+ 230 



+ 220 



+ 210 



+ 200 



+ 190 



+ 180 
+ 170 



+ 160 
+ 150 



+ 140 



+ 130 
+ 120 



+ 110 



+ 100 



+ 90 
+ 80 



+ 70 
+ 60 



+ 50 



+ 40 



+ 30 



+ 20 



+ 10 



LARCENY 

($50 AND OVER) 

1960 - 1970 



PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1960 

NUMBER OF OFFENSES UP 245 PERCENT 

RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS UP 204 PERCENT 



I 

I 

~ t 

I 
I 
1 — 

I 
t 
f 

I 
i 

$ 

I 

I i 

I 1 

I 
I I 

I I 

I / 
I I 
I / 
» # 

I i 
I I 

# -f 

I I 

I i' 
1 J 

I I 
I I 

! / 

I / 
I # 

1 / 

t I 
I I 

f — # ' 

* 1 

#^ A 

I I 
I / 

A / 

r # 

4 / 
/ / 

» # 

t I 
* # 
« f. 

' J 
* 3 
* £_ 

» — -r 

4 / 

» a 

< M. : 

* g 

* g 

. ^ ^E 

^/- 

*__^^r_ 

y -^ 

» — -^ ■ ■ — 

^'/^ 



1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 



FBI CHART 



23 



Chart 13 



POCKET-PICKING 

1960-1970 

UP 109% 




T 03U/D 


PURSE-SNATCHING / 


+ 300% 


1960-1970 / 


+ 250% 


UP 332% 


k 




l-'/y. 




+ 200% 


h 


1 


i^iss: 


+ 150% 


A 


II 




||i;;i 


+ 100% 




A 


■ 








+ 50% 












■■:-x':':- 





rsggllllll 


III 




in 


Hi 




ill 


III 



1968 1969 1970 



SHOPLIFTING 
1960-1970 

UP 221% 












i 




/■■/'■: 








M 


if 










^. 

















































T itauTO 


THEFT FROM AUTOS 


+ 200% 


1960-1970 


+ 150% 


UP 131% 


+ 100% 


X 


d 




+ 50% 




/ 






:|i;i|: 




^^.r?<??i|ii:; 

















WyfyWy-M^WyA 















I960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 



1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 



THEFT OF AUTO ACCESSORIES 
1960-1970 



UP 69% 




+ 150% 
+ 100% 
+ 50% 



THEFT OF BICYCLES 

1960-1970 




^ 


^ 


UP 105% 


p-^ 










.^^ 


0-:< 
















■■:■■:■■:■■:■■:■■. 












■:yy:-y, 


i-x-i^i'JT:-:-:-:^:-: '--'^'i'- 














■:■:■:<■<: 



1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1966 1969 1970 



I960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1968 1967 1968 1969 1970 

FBI CHART 



24 



ably less in the suburban or residential areas. 
This, of course, is to be expected as these theft 
opportunities flourish where population and busi- 
ness houses are highly concentrated. It is interest- 
ing to note that figures for shoplifting are quite 
similar in the city and suburban areas while there 
is a decided drop in the rural area. The shopping 
center which is still largely absent in rural areas 
contributes substantially to these figures. Thefts 
from autos made up 22 percent of larceny in large 
cities over 250,000 in population, 14 percent in 
suburban areas and 12 percent in rural areas. 

From one year to another, the distribution of 
larceny as to type of theft remains relatively 
constant. As in prior years, a major portion of 
these thefts, 40 percent, represented thefts of 
auto parts and accessories and other thefts from 
automobiles. Other major types of thefts which 
contributed to the large number of these crimes 
were thefts from buildings, 16 percent, and stolen 
bicycles, 15 percent. Miscellaneous types of lar- 
cenies, not falling into any of the specific categories 
for which statistics were collected made up 15 
percent of the total. The remainder was distributed 
among pocket-picking, purse-snatching, shop- 
lifting and thefts from coin-operated machines. 

Larceny Analysis, 1970 

(Percent distribution] 



Classification 



Pocket-picking 

Purse-snatclilng 

Shoplltting 

From autos (except accessories) 

Auto accessories 

Bicycles 

From buildings _ 

From coinoperated maclilnes 

All otliers 

Total 



Total 
United 
States 



19.0 
20.6 
14.6 
16.3 



Cities 
over 
250,000 



21.6 
21.9 
10.6 
18.2 



14.2 
23.6 
14.5 
14.7 



12.4 
15.5 



Clearances 

The nature of larceny, a crime of opportunity, 
sneak thievery, and pettj* unobserved thefts, 
makes it an extremely difficult one for law enforce- 
ment officers to solve. A lack of witnesses and the 
tremendous volume of these crimes work in the 
thief's favor. In 1970, 18 percent of the larceny 
offenses brought to police attention were solved. 
Involvement of the young age group is demon- 
strated by the fact that 40 percent of these crimes 



which were cleared in the Nation's cities were 
solved by arrest of persons under 18 years of age. 
Juvenile clearance figures for suburban areas and 
rural areas were 43 percent and 27 percent, 
respectively. 

The larceny clearance percentages were con- 
sistent in all population groups ranging from 16 
percent in the suburbs to a high of 20 percent in 
the cities over 250,000 inhabitants and 19 percent 
in the rural areas. Nationally, the larceny solution 
rate rose to 18.4 percent from 17.9 percent in 1969. 
Persons Arrested 

Forty-eight percent of the total arrests for serious 
crimes in 1970 were for larceny. Arrests for this 
crime were up 13 percent, 1970 over 1969. Volume- 
wise, 51 percent of these arrests were of persons 
under 18 years of age and when individuals under 
21 were considered, the ratio rose to two-thirds. 
When examined by sex of arrested persons, it 
was determined that females comprised 28 per- 
cent of all arrests for larceny-theft and had a 
higher involvement in this offense than for any of 
the Index offenses. In fact, women were arrested 
more often for larceny than any other offense in 
1970. 

Arrests of females rose 19 percent in 1970; while 
arrests of males increased 11 percent. Arrests of 
whites out-numbered Negroes by 2 to 1 with all 
other races comprising about 2 percent of the 
arrests for larceny-theft. The total volume of 
arrests for larceny-theft in 1970, as compared 
with the 1960 figures, indicates a 108 percent in- 
crease. It is significant to note that arrests of 
individuals under 18 were 1 12 percent greater than 
1960. The number of adult arrests rose 104 percent 
over the number of recorded arrests in 1960, for 
this offense. 

Persons Charged 

As in prior years, law enforcement agencies 
nationally charged more than twice as many 
offenders for larceny-theft than for any other 
serious offense. Seventy-one percent of the 
adults prosecuted for larceny-theft were found 
guilty of this offense, 6 percent were found 
guilty of a lesser charge, and 23 percent had their 
cases dismissed or were acquitted. Thirty-eight 
percent of persons processed in 1970 for larceny 
were referred to juvenile court jurisdiction. 

AUTO THEFT 

In Uniform Crime Reporting, auto theft is 
defined as the unlawful stealing or driving away 

25 



439-758 O - 71 



Chart 14 



CRIMES 

KEY: 1965-1969 MOVING AVERAGE 

AGAINST THE PERSON 



+ 30% 








-v/AVAV.vXv.y.v.- 






""^" 


+ 20% 

+ 10% 
ANNUAL 


% MURDER -—■-—- 1;:;. 














yi 


^ 


"* * *• r:i*»S:;5>??? 


<^ 


iiii 


li 


AVERAGE 

- 10% 












■x: m 












- 20% 

- 30% 

















JAN. FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. 




JAN. FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. 



+ 30% f7- 
+ 20% 




- 20% 



30% 



JAN. FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. 



+ 30% 



+ 20% mAGGMVATEB ASSAtiM 



+ 10% 

ANNUAL 



AVERAGE 

- 10% 

- 20% 

- 30% 



26 



Chart 14 



BY MONTH 



VARIATIONS FROM 1970 ANNUAL AVERAGE 

AGAINST PROPERTY 



+ 30% 



20% WBOBBEBY 



+ 10% 

ANNUAL 



AVERAGE 

- 10% 



- 20% 



30% 



JAN. FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. 




JAN. FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. 




JAN. FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. 




30% 



FBI CHART 



27 



of a motor vehicle, including attempts. This 
definition excludes taking for temporary use when 
the vehicle is actually returned by the taker 
provided prior authority for its use has been 
granted or can be assumed. 

Volume 

In 1970, 921,400 motor vehicles were reported 
stolen. Geographically, the volume of auto theft 
was highest in the Northeastern States which 
reported 30 percent of the total number followed 
by the North Central States with 26 percent. 
The Southern and Western States each reported 
22 percent. This crime made up 17 percent of the 
total Crime Index offenses. As was experienced in 
prior years, seasonal variations during 1970 
disclosed auto theft reached its peak in the fall of 
the year with October, the high month in volume. 

Trend 

Auto thefts in 1970 volume\vise increased 6 
percent over 1969. This offense has been steadily 
rising each year since 1960, ^\-ith an overall increase 
of 183 percent 1960-1970. As it has been pointed 
out in prior issues, it should be remembered that it 
is invalid to assume more auto thefts occur solely 
because of more automobile registrations. From 
1960 through 1970, the percentage increase in 
auto theft has been four times greater than the 
percentage increase in automobile registrations 
and four times greater than the percentage 
increase in the young age population, 15 to 24 
years. 

Auto theft increased 3 percent in big cities ^\'ith 
250,000 or more inhabitants while the suburban 
areas registered a 10 percent increase. The rural 
areas increased four percent. 

Geographically, auto thefts were up 9 percent 
in the Northeastern States. The Southern and 
Western States each reported rises of 6 percent, 
and the North Central States 2 percent. The 
accompanying chart shows the trend in auto 
thefts, 1960-1970. 

Auto Theft Rate 

There was an increase in the auto theft rate from 
432 offenses per 100,000 inhabitants in 1969 to 453 
offenses in 1970, an increase of 5 percent. Since 
1960, the auto theft rate has risen 150 percent. As 
in 1969, citizens in cities ^\•ith 500,000 to 1 million 
population were deprived more often of their 
motor vehicles in 1970 than in any other popu- 
lation group, with 1,238 per 100,000 inhabitants 
suffering an auto theft. It should be recalled that 



as a part of a prior special study 30 percent of the 
autos stolen in the District of Columbia were 
owned by nonresident victims. This ratio mil 
undoubtedly hold true in other large core cities 
because of the high mobility of the general 
population. 

Nationally, the auto theft rate in large core cities 
as a group averaged 1,117. In the suburbs the rate 
was 288, and in the rural areas the auto theft rate 
was 71. 

The auto theft rates by geographic region dis- 
closed the Northeastern States were high in 1970 
with 572 followed by the Western States 570, the 
North Central States 419, and the Southern States 
327 auto thefts per 100,000 inhabitants. 

Across the Nation in 1970, one of every 100 
registered automobiles was stolen or a rate of 10 
per 1,000 registered autos. Regionally, this rate 
was the highest in the Northeastern States where 
14 cars per 1,000 registered vehicles were stolen. 
In the other three regions the figm-es were 12 in 
the Western States, 9 in the North Central States, 
and 7 in the Southern States. 

Nature of Auto Theft 

Auto theft rates again clearly indicate that this 
crime is primarily a big city problem, since the 
highest rates appear in the most heavily populated 
sections of the Nation. In 1970, the average value 
of stolen automobiles was $948 at the time of 
theft, and although police were successful in 
recovering 84 percent of the stolen vehicles, the 
remaining unrecovered 16 percent represented a 
tlollar loss of $140 million. 

Prior studies conducted under the Uniform 
Crime Reporting Program have documented the 
fact that auto theft is primarily a crime of 
opportunity. The young offender who is most often 
involved finds the vehicle subject to theft con- 
veniently ready to drive away or in many instances 
the ignition can be easily compromised. 

Clearances 

Due to the fact that prior studies have docu- 
mented two-thirds of all auto thefts occur at 
night and over one-half are from private residences, 
apartments, or streets in residential districts, law 
enforcement agencies were successful in solving 
only 17 percent of these thefts by arrest of the 
offender. These crimes occur under cover of 
darkness and there are seldom any witnesses to 
the theft. On the other hand, police nationally 
are successful in recovering about 84 percent of 
all stolen cars. Over one-half of the stolen vehicles 



28 



+ 190 



+ 180 



+ 170 



+ 160 
+ 150 



+ 140 



+ 130 



+ 120 



+ 110 



+ 100 



+ 90 



+ 80 



+ 70 



+ 60 



+ 50 



+ 40 



+ 30 



+ 20 



+ 10 



Chart 1 5 

AUTO THEFT 

I960 - 1970 

PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1960 

■-NUMBER OF OFFENSES UP 183 PERCENT 
^RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS UP ISO PERCENT 



4 
; t- 

* 

* 

*■ 

/ 
/ 
/ . 
> -^ 

t ^ 
/ ^ 
—t ^ 

^ AT 

I J 

i X 

1 y^ 

/ X 

i M 

# — -f- 

* k 
# — J. 

I / 
/ / 

i! / 

/ / 
# / 

# ■§■ 

/ / 
/ f 

L Ji 

I i 
I i 
t g 

» — -f 

# / 

* i 

^ — - — -J -f 

/ f 

~:^y 

* ^r 

.f- ^^^C 

/ ^^^^ 
/ ^ 

^z 

5^ 



1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 



FBI CHART 



29 



are taken and recovered within 48 hours. Although 
recovery of the veliicle does not clear the offense, 
the property is available for return to the victim. 
This high recovery percentage can be attributed 
to the fact that approximately 75 percent of all 
cars stolen are used for transportation or the 
purpose of the theft is unknown. The remainder 
were taken for resale, stripping for parts, or use in 
another crime. 

In the Nation's largest cities 17 percent of auto 
thefts were cleared during 1970. Police in the 
suburban areas were again somewhat more 
successful clearing up 18 percent. Throughout the 
country auto theft clearance percentages ranged 
from 14 percent in the Middle Atlantic States to 
21 percent in the West North Central States. 

In all geographic divisions and population groups 
the participation of the young age group popula- 
tion is indicated by the high proportion of these 
clearances which were through the arrest of persons 
under 18 years of age. In the large core cities, 42 
percent were solved bj- an arrest in this age group 
while juveniles account for 40 percent in the 
suburbs and 33 percent in the rural areas. 

Persons Arrested 

As in prior years, persons arrested for auto 
theft come primarily from the young age group 
population. In 1970, 56 percent of all persons 
arrested for this crime were under 18 years of age. 
When persons under 21 are included in the compu- 
tations, the proportion of arrests rises to 75 
percent. 

The national trend in auto theft arrests disclosed 
a decrease of 4 percent in 1970 when compared to 
1969. Adult arrests rose 3 percent while arrests of 
persons under 18 decreased 8 percent. Diu-ing the 
period 1960-1970, auto theft arrests increased 68 
percent. Arrests of individuals under the age of 18 
rose 51 percent during the same period. The long- 
term arrest trend for adults disclosed a 94 percent 
increase for auto theft, 1960 through 1970. 

Of all crimes against property, next to burglary, 
auto theft as measured by arrest showed the least 
participation by females. Females under 18 
recorded a 7 percent decrease in arrests for auto 
theft. White persons made up 61 percent of the 
arrests for auto theft, Negroes 36 percent and all 
other races the remainder. 

Persons Charged 

Police reports disclosed that of all persons 
formally processed for auto theft in 1970, 63 

30 



percent were referred to juvenile court jurisdiction. 
No other Crime Index offense results in such a high 
percentage of juvenile referrals. When the remain- 
ing adult offenders were considered as a group, 50 
percent of those prosecuted on charges of auto 
theft were found guilty as charged, 12 percent 
were convicted of lesser charges, and 38 percent 
were acquitted or their cases were dismissed. 

NCIC Stolen Vehicle File 

The National Crime Information Center 
(NCIC) is a computerized law enforcement system 
which provides law enforcement with the ability 
to immediately enter auto theft record information 
into the system and to immediately modify the 
record when the vehicle is recovered. The system 
currently has on file some 660,000 active stolen 
vehicle records. 

A review of the auto theft data entered in the 
NCIC system for November, 1970, shows there 
was a total of 62,756 vehicle records entered in the 
system. When looking at this monthly total by 
type of vehicle it was determined automobiles 
made up 91 percent of these records, motorcycles 
7 percent, trucks approximately 2 percent and 
mini-bikes less than 1 percent. 

Of the autos entered in the system during No- 
vember, 1970, 69 percent were recovered by law 
enforcement by December 31, 1970. During the 
same period 87 percent of the trucks, 30 percent 
of motorcycles and 28 percent of the mini-bikes 
were recovered. 

The NCIC records show the 1964-year model to 
be the most frequently stolen of all vehicles. 

CLEARANCES 

In this Program police clear a crime when they 
have identified the offender, have sufficient evi- 
dence to charge him and actually take him into 
custody. Crime solutions are also recorded in 
exceptional instances when some element beyond 
police control precludes the placing of formal 
charges against the offender, such as the victim's 
refusal to prosecute or local prosecution is de- 
clined because the subject is being prosecuted 
elsewhere for a crime committed in another juris- 
diction. The arrest of one person can clear several 
crimes or several persons may be arrested in the 
process of clearing one crime. 

Law enforcement agencies in the nation cleared 
20 percent of Index Crimes diu-ing 1970. It is to be 
noted this is the same percentage of clearances as 
experienced during 1969. 



Chart 16 



CRIME CLOCKS 

1970 




SERIOUS CRIMES 

n EACH MINUTE 




VIOLENT CRIMES 



ONE EVERY 43 SECONDS 




MURDER 

ONE EVERY 33 MINUTES 






FORCIBLE RAPE 

ONE EVERY 14 MINUTES 



AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 

ONE EVERY 96 SECONDS 



ROBBERY 

ONE EVERY 91 SECONDS 






BURGLARY 

ONE EVERY 15 SECONDS 



LARCENY 
($50 and over) 

ONE EVERY 18 SECONDS 



AUTO THEFT 

ONE EVERY 34 SECONDS 



FBI CHART 



31 



Chart 1 7 



CRIMES CLEARED BY ARREST 
1970 



AGAINST THE PERSON 



NOT CLEARED 



CLEARED 



MURDER 



NEGLIGENT 
MANSLAUGHTER 



FORCIBLE 
RAPE 



56% 



AGGRAVATED 
ASSAULT 



65% 



86% 



81% 



AGAINST PROPERTY 



NOT CLEARED 



R06BSRY 



BURGLARY 



LAltCENY 



AUTO mWFT 



CLEARED 



29% 



19% 
18% 

17% 



32 



FBI CHART 



The murder clearance rate increased 0.5 percent, 
forcible rape increased 0.9 percent, robbery in- 
creased 8.2 percent, burglary increased 2.6 percent, 
larceny $50 and over increased 2.6 percent and 
auto theft decreased 5.6 percent. The highest over- 
all Crime Index clearance rate regionally was 
recorded by the Southern States with 22 percent, 
the North Central States 21 percent, the Western 
States 18 percent and the Northeastern States 
with 17 percent. 

Reports submitted by law enforcement agencies 
in 1970 disclosed police were successful in solving 86 
percent of the murder offenses, 56 percent of forcible 
rapes, 65 percent of aggravated assaults and 29 per- 
cent of the robberies. Solutions in the property crime 
categories showed police cleared 19 percent of the 
burglaries, 18 percent of the larcenies and 17 percent 
of the auto thefts. Police are able to clear a higher 
percentage of the crimes against the person, not 
only because of the more intense investigative effort 
afforded these violent offenses, but also due to the 
smaller volume of these crimes requiring police at- 
tention and, more importantly, because witnesses are 
usually available who can identify the perpetrators. 

The accompanjdng chart reveals the crime and 
police clearance experience in the 1960's. From 
1960 to 1970 the Crime Index offenses rose 176 
percent. Police response to this sharp upward trend 
was an 87 percent increase in the number of arrests 
for Crime Index type offenses. However, the 
clearance rate, which relates the number of known 
offenses cleared, has declined. In 1960, the ratio 
of Crime Index offenses cleared to crimes reported 
was 31 out of 100. In 1970, for each 100 Crune Index 
offenses 20 were cleared. 

There are a niunber of factors influencing the 
overall poUce solution rate. These include court 
decisions which have resulted in restrictions on 
poUce investigative and enforcement practices; 
increases of police workloads in criminal and non- 
criminal matters, riots, disturbances, marches, etc. 
The almost constant rate of police strength is not 
commensurate with the sharp increase in crime and 
the increasing mobility of those who commit 
crimes. Clearance tables are provided commencing 
on page 108. 

Offenses Cleared by Arrests of Juveniles 

It has been noted in several prior sections of this 
publication that persons under 18 years of age are 
becoming increasingly involved with pohce through 
commission of serious crimes. Persons 10 to 17 
years of age make up approximately 16 percent of 



the total United States population. One means of 
measuring the involvement of the young age group 
in crime is to identify the number of crimes in 
which they are the offenders. In 1970, 29 percent of 
all Crime Index offenses solved involved persons 
under 18 years of age. 

PERSONS ARRESTED 

In 1970, arrests for all criminal acts, excluding 
traffic, increased 5 percent over 1969. The total 
volume of city arrests rose 4 percent while arrests 
in suburban areas were up 8 percent and the 
number of arrests in the rural areas increased 
16 percent. Nationally, there were 43 arrests for 
each 1,000 persons in the United States. In 1969, 
there were 40 arrests for each 1,000 inhabitants. 
The arrest rate for big cities as a group was 58 
per 1,000 inhabitants, up from 55 in 1969, for 
suburban areas 29, up from 28 in the prior year 
and in the rural areas the arrest rate rose to 20 up 
from 18 arrests per 1,000 people in 1969. 

Arrests are primarily a measure of police 
activity. Arrest practices, policies and enforcement 
emphasis will vary from place to place and within 
a community from time to time. The volume of 
police arrests for certain unlawful conduct such as 
drunkenness, disorderly conduct, and certain 
local ordinances is particularly influenced by the 
above. On the other hand, robbery, burglary, and 
other arrests for serious crimes are more likely the 
result of standard procedures. Arrests are first a 
measure of police activity as it relates to crime. 
Arrests do, however, provide a useful index to 
measure involvement in criminal acts by the age, 
sex, and race of the perpetrators, particularly 
for those crimes which have a high solution rate. 
Procedures used in this Program require that an 
arrest be counted on each separate occasion when 
a person is taken into custody, notified or cited. 
Arrests do not measure the number of individuals 
taken into custody since one person may be 
arrested several times during the year for the 
same or different offenses. As noted above, this 
happens frequently for certain types of offenses 
against public order such as drunkenness, va- 
grancy, disorderly conduct and related violations. 

In 1970, law enforcement agencies nationally 
made an estimated 8 million arrests for all crimi- 
nal acts, excluding traffic offenses. A percent dis- 
tribution of arrests by type of offense in 1970 in- 
dicates that approximately 8 percent were for 
crimes against the person, property crime arrests 

33 



Chart 1 8 



CRIME AND CRIMES CLEARED 


I960 - 1970 


PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1960 








CRIME INDEX 


+ 170 




















-4 


<Cr UP 176% 


-1-160 
-H50 


















/ 


t 




-H30 
















i 


/ 






















/ 








■mo 

-1-100 
















/ 








INDEX-TYPE 
















/ 






-^90 

-t-80 
















/ 






ARRESTS 
<; UP 87% 




















A 


\v^ 














/ 




> 


'7 


V CRIMES 
\ CLEARED 
UP 83% 


-r/O 
-t-60 














/ 




'-'/ 


/ 












/ 




/ 
/ 


/ 






+ 50 












f 




/ / 








+ 40 










^ 




.r' 
















/ 


y^ 





■> 


/ 






+ 30 
+ 20 








/ 
























X* 


y^ 














+ 10 



-^ 


■^ 




















-10 
-20 
-30 
-40 












**•••.. 


•... 










J CLEARANCE 


















**•••• 




<1 RATE 
1 DOWN 34% 






19 


60 19 


61 19 


62 19 


63 19 


64 19 


65 19 


66 19 


67 19 


68 19 


69 19 


/U 



FBI CHART 



34 



made up 22 percent of the total, crimes against 
morals 10 percent, crimes against public order 
and decency 48 percent and all other offenses 
(except traffic) 12 percent. 

Arrest Trends 

In 1970, police arrests of adults increased 6 
percent, while arrests for juveniles had an overall 
increase of 4 percent. For the period 1960-1970, 
poUce arrests for all criminal acts, except traffic 
offenses, increased 31 percent. During this same 
period, arrests of persons under 18 years of age 
more than doubled while the number of persons 
in this young age group, 10 to 17 rose 29 percent. 
It is apparent, therefore, the involvement of 
young persons as measured by police arrests is 
escalating at a pace almost four times their per- 
centage increase in the national population. As it 
has been pointed out in prior issues, a relatively 
11 small percentage of the total young age population 
!■ become involved in criminal acts, about 5 out of 
:j 100. Adult arrests, 1960-1970, rose 17 percent in 
j volume. As in the 1960's, decreases in police arrests 
1) have occurred in the high volume offenses such as 
ij drunkenness, vagrancy, gambling, and sex offenses 
other than forcible rape and prostitution. 

When only the serious crimes are used in com- 
puting the long term trend 1960- 1970, total arrests 
increased 86 percent. Adult arrests rose 79 per- 
cent, while arrests of juveniles for serious crimes 
rose 95 percent. Arrests of" adults for violent 
crimes were up 67 percent and for property 
crimes 86 percent. Juvenile arrests for violent 
crimes increased 167 percent, 1960-1970, while 
arrests of persons under 18 for the property crimes 
rose 89 percent. 

Narcotic Drug Laws 

IPercont) 



Region 


Heroin 

or 
cocaine 


Mari- 
juana 


Synthetic 
narcotics 


Other 




69.6 
18.4 
22.4 
10.6 


29.2 
54.6 
50.2 
56.6 


3.0 
5.0 
7.0 
7.6 




North Central States 




Southern States. .. . 


20 4 


Western States 








Total 


31.3 


45.4 


6.5 









Age 

Nationally, persons under 15 years of age made 
up 9 percent of the total police arrests; under 18, 
25 percent; under 21, 39 percent; and under 25, 



52 percent. In the suburban areas, the involve- 
ment of the young age groups in police arrests is 
again markedly higher than the national figures 
with the under 15 age group represented in 13 
percent ; under 18, 35 percent; under 21, 50 percent; 
and under 25, 63 percent. In the rural areas the 
distributions were lower for the younger age 
groups, with the under 15 group being involved in 
5 percent; under 18 in 20 percent; under 21 in 37 
percent; and those under 25, 52 percent of total 
police arrests. When only the serious crimes are 
considered 20 percent of all arrests in 1970 were 
for persons under the age of 15 and almost one- 
half were under 18 years of age. 

In reviewing arrest figures, it is important to 
keep in mind that police arrest practices and 
emphasis vary which \vill account for some varia- 
tions in these statistics from year to year. It is 
noted arrests of persons under 18 for Narcotic 
Drug Law violations have increased sharply in 
recent years. In fact, in 1970, 53 percent of the 
individuals arrested for violations of the Narcotic 
Drug Laws were persons under 21 years of age. 
Twenty -six percent of the marijuana arrests in 
1970 were persons under the age of 18 and 62 
percent of the arrests for this offense involved 
persons under 21 years of age. It should be noted 
that in 1964 less than one-fourth or 23 percent of 
the persons arrested for Narcotic Drug Law viola- 
tions were under 21 years of age. 

Arrests for Narcotic Drug Law violations 1970 
over 1969 were up 44 percent nationally. From 
1960 to 1970, arrests for this violation increased 
741 percent. There is set forth a tabulation by 
geographic region showing the type of narcotic 
drug involved in the arrest of the offender in 1970. 

Sex 

Male arrests outnumbered female arrests 6 to 1 
in 1970. Male arrests in 1970 rose by 4 percent, 
while female arrests were up 11 percent. Females 
were arrested in 17 percent of the serious or Crime 
Index type offenses. Ten percent of the arrests for 
violent crimes in 1970 involved females and 
arrests of females for these types of crimes in- 
creased 7 percent, 1970 over 1969. Again, as in 
prior years their involvement was primarily for 
larceny, which accounted for one out of every five 
female arrests. In fact, 19 percent of all property 
crime arrests in 1970 were of females. Females 
accounted for 24 percent of the forgery, 27 percent 
of the fraud, 25 percent of the embezzlement, and 
16 percent of the narcotics arrests. Over one-half 



35 



of the runaway — police custody cases — were girls 
under 18 years of age. 

Long-term arrest trends, 1960-1970, revealed 
that arrests for young females under 18 years of 
age increased 204 percent, while arrests for young 
males under 18 rose 98 percent. It is noted that 
arrests for young females under 18 for each Crime 
Index offense more than doubled, 1960-1970. 
When the serious crimes, as a group, are considered, 
arrests of males 1960-1970, were up 73 percent 
and female arrests increased 202 percent. 

Traffic 

Supplemental data submitted by agencies over 
2,500 in population relating to traffic enforcement 
disclosed that nationwide, 55 percent of the cita- 
tions and summonses issued and arrests made in 
trafl&c matters were for parking violations. Haz- 
ardous traffic violations accounted for 34 percent, 
and other regulatory violations 11 percent. In the 
Southern States 44 percent of the traffic arrests 
were for hazardous violations, in the Western 
States 43 percent of the arrests were for this type 
of infraction, in the North Central States 29 
percent, and in the Northeastern States 13 
percent. 

Arrest Rates 

The following table sets forth arrest rates by 
geographic regions for Crime Index type offenses. 
Arrest rates indicate law enforcement activity in 
response to crime rates. 

Arrests by Region, 1970 

[Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants] 



offense 


North- 
eastern 
States 


North 
Central 
States 


Southern 

State,s 


Western 

States 




5.9 
7.8 
60.3 
72.2 
143.0 
246.1 
64.7 


8.7 
10.3 
65.3 
58.0 
167.8 
465.6 
78.1 


12.1 
11.3 
51.0 
112.6 
202.2 
451.5 
73.0 




Forcible rape 


12.0 


Aggravated assault 


97.3 






Autotheft 








Total ... 


600.0 


843.7 


913.8 









PERSONS CHARGED 

Disposition data reveals the results of cases in 
which law enforcement agencies have made an 
arrest and subsequentl}- formally charged the 
offender in a court of jurisdiction. This informa- 
tion is important to the law enforcement admini- 



strator in evaluating the quality of investigations 
and court presentation functions. 

In 1970, 80 percent of the adults arrested for 
Crime Index type offenses were prosecuted in the 
courts. Of the adults prosecuted for Crime Index 
offenses 61 percent were found guilty as charged, 
and 10 percent of a lesser charge. 

It must be recognized that not all arrested 
persons are turned over to the courts for prosecu- 
tion. There are various reasons for this: failure of 
the victim to cooperate or appear for the prosecu- 
tion, persons arrested are released with a warning, 
evidence is obtained which discloses the arrested 
person did not commit the offense or there is not 
sufficient evidence obtainable to support either a 
formal charge or a subsequent prosecution. For 
example, about one-half of the juveniles arrested 
are handled by the individual law enforcement 
agencies without preferring a formal charge or 
referring them to juvenile authorities. All con- 
tributors to this Program are urged to obtain and 
report final disposition in cases involving persons 
they arrest. Tables containing this data commence 
on page 114. Keep in mind that police methods of 
handhng juvenile offenders differ widely. Also, the 
tables concerning juveniles (local age limit) refer 
to those who were arrested and turned over to 
juvenile authorities in connection with specific 
criminal acts. 

In 1970, 41 percent of the murder defendants 
were either acquitted or their cases dismissed at 
some prosecutive stage. Forty-six percent of those 
charged with forcible rape were acquitted or had 
their cases dismissed, and 39 percent of the persons 
charged with aggravated assault won their freedom 
through acquittal or dismissal. 

Of the adults who were prosecuted for Crime 
Index offenses, 29 percent were acquitted or their 
cases were dismissed. Larceny, 71 percent, re- 
corded the highest percentage for persons found 
guilty on the original charge in 1970. This was 
followed by 53 percent on the original charge for 
burglary, 50 percent for auto theft, 47 percent for 
robbery, 44 percent for aggravated assault, 44 per- 
cent for murder and 36 percent for forcible rape. 
The offense which had the highest percentage of a 
lesser charge was forcible rape where 18 percent of 
the defendants were convicted on some charge 
other than forcible rape. 

Forty-three percent of the persons processed 
for the Crime Index categories were young persons 
referred to juvenile court jurisdiction. Again, as 



36 



in 1969, juvenile referrals were highest for auto 
theft with 63 percent of those processed for this 
offense, 57 percent burglary, 38 percent larceny, 
41 percent robbery, 22 percent forcible rape, 18 
percent aggravated assault and 12 percent murder. 
During 1970, as in past years, arson, auto theft, 
burglary and vandalism recorded high percentages 
of juvenile referrals. When all crime categories are 
reviewed, it is noted that convictions on original 
charges remained high in the offenses against 
public order and decency — driving under the 
influence, drunkenness, disorderly conduct and 
vagrancy. As in prior years offenses against trust 
such as fraud and embezzlement also recorded a 
high percentage of conviction on original charges. 

CAREERS IN CRIME 

From 1963 through 1969 the Uniform Crime 
Reporting Program processed data on some 
240,000 offenders for statistical use. This study 
has been used to document the extent to which 
criminal recidivism over a period of time con- 
tributes to annual crime counts and has also been 
used to show the need for the centralization of 
law enforcement information at the state and 
national level in view of criminal repeating and 
mobility. This study was made possible by the 
cooperative exchange of criminal fingerprint data 
among local, state and federal law enforcement 
agencies. While the basis of selection in this 
study was a federal offense, it should be kept in 
mind that most federal criminal violations are 
also violations of local and state laws. The offender 
records examined in this study are, therefore, felt 
to be comparable to the local and state experience 
for the more serious violators. 

The Careers in Crime study brought to the 
Uniform Crime Reporting Program valuable 
statistical experience in the field of criminal 
histories, and has demonstrated the potential use 
of criminal history information to measure the 
success or failiu-e of the entire criminal justice 
system. The key to the effectiveness of the system 
is in kno\ving what happened to the people who 
were handled or treated by the criminal justice 
process, specifically, whether they were deterred 
from further criminal acts and/or rehabilitated. 

Beginning in January 1970, the FBI com- 
menced converting Federal offender records to 
computer form for an operational criminal history 
file within the National Crime Information 
Center (NCIC). The record formats and data 
elements for criminal history, although designed 



for operational use, were established with full 
recognition of the value of criminal history for 
statistical and research purposes. 

Profile 

A summary of 37,884 offenders arrested on 
federal charges in 1970 is set forth in table A. 
Of these offenders, 25,909 or 68 percent had 
previously been arrested on a criminal charge. 

These 37,884 offenders had an average criminal 
career of 5 years and 5 months (span of years 
from first to last arrest). During this time they 
were arrested on criminal charges an average 
of four times each for a total of 158,000 charges. 
These offenders had a total of 52,936 convictions 
and 22,240 imprisonments of 6 months or more 
during their crime careers prior to their arrest 
in 1970. 

The extent to which these offenders had a 
prior arrest for any offense is set forth in the 
following table. Likewise, percent convicted for 
a prior crime is set forth. 

Keep in mind that this presentation is con- 
servative and understates the amoimt of crime 
committed by these offenders since it is based 
on police detection, arrest and submission of a 
fingerprint card. As indicated in earlier pages 
of this publication law enforcement agencies do 
not clear or solve most crimes. It is also true that 
the prior conviction and imprisonment rates 
are slightly lower than actual because police 
agencies do not always submit such data after 
arrest, conviction and release. 

A profile of criminal repeating for selected 
offenders is shown in the following table. Average 
age for the first arrest is high because of the 
general practice not to submit criminal finger- 
print cards on juveniles. Criminal career is the 
average years between the first and last arrest. 

The offender profile is classified by type of 
crime for which arrested in 1970. 

A study of the 25,909 repeat offenders indicate 
that 45 percent were rearrested in the same 
state during their criminal careers and 55 per- 
cent were rearrested at least one time in states 
other than that of the original arrest. Twelve 
percent of the repeat offenders were arrested in 
tliree different states during their criminal career 
and 10 percent were rearrested in more than 
three different states. 

4 Year Follow-up 

A part of the Careers in Crime Program was the 
follow-up on offenders after their release from the 

37 



Table A— Profile of Offenders Arrested During 1970 

[By last charge in 1970] 



Total number of subjects 

Average age at last charge --- — 

Average age at first charge -- -- - 

Average criminal career 

Average number of charges during criminal career. 

Frequency of charges (percent of total subjects): 

One --- - 

Two -- 

Three 

Four or more. - - 



Frequency of convictions (percent of total subjects): 

One 

Two - 

Three 

Four or more.- 



MobiUty (percent of persons rearrested): 

One State 

Two States. 

Three States 

Four or more States 



Total number of subjects 

Average age at last charge 

Average age at first charge 

Average criminal career -- 

Average number of charges during criminal career. 

Frequency of charges (percent of total subjects): 

One.- 

Two - 

Three --- 

Four or more 



Frequency of convictions (percent of total subjects): 

One 

Two -- 

Three... 

Four or more 



Mobility (percent of persons rearrested): 

One State - 

Two States. 

Thiee States 

Four or more States 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



31.6 
19.8 
11.3 
37.3 



22.1 
10.3 



46.5 
32.8 
11.8 



22.1 
20.3 
14.0 
43.6 



23.2 
12.5 



40.8 
41.7 



11.6 
33.0 



52.6 
34.8 



35.5 
21.5 
14.6 
28.5 



28.3 
11.7 



21.9 
18.1 
13.1 



21.7 
12.0 



49.0 
29.0 
11.3 
10.7 



66.0 
17.6 



32.8 
19.4 
12.0 
35.8 



23.9 
10.1 



27.6 
22.1 
10.5 



31.8 

22.2 



65.4 
28.6 



Weapons Narcotics 



19.8 
10.6 



57.5 
27.1 



Stolen 
Gambling property 



23.0 
12.3 
34.0 



63.8 


43.2 


25.3 


33.3 


6.7 


11.9 


4.2 


11.6 



50.7 
33.7 



39.7 
21.1 
11.4 

27.8 



37.0 
10.6 



35.3 
21.1 
12.0 
31.6 



62.7 
28.2 



26.0 
20.1 
12.5 
42.4 



10.1 
6.3 
13.0 



10.6 
10.6 



federal criminal justice system. The records of 
offenders released during 1965 were followed for 
new arrests through 1969. Charts and tables are 
presented in this section on the rearrest experience 
by offense; type of release; and age, sex and race 
of the offender. 

Keep in mind that this Program for completeness 
depends on the criminal fingerprint identification 
function. The arrest fingerprint card establishes 
the charge and, usually on minor charges, the 
actual disposition. Otherwise, to obtain disposition 



data at prosecutive or court level the system relies 
on the submission of a second form. Further, for 
correctional release, another form or fingerprint 
card must be submitted. For the follow-up study 
only those records can be used that are complete 
and actually show a release in a given year (1963, 
1965) back to the community. If the disposition 
or correctional release information is not received 
routinely for a specific charge it does not become 
known on a subsequent rearrest. 

Of the 16,332 offenders released to the 



38 



Chart 19 



PERCENT OF PERSONS REARRESTED 
WITHIN 4 YEARS 



BY TYPE OF RELEASE IN 1965 



85% 





75% 




mmm 




SA% 


61% 




62% 










637e 




" 
















37% 















FINE SUSPENDED 

AND SENTENCE 

PROBATION AND/OR 

PROBATION 



PAROLE 



FINE 



MANDATORY 
RELEASE 



ACQUITTED 

OR 
DISMISSED 



TOTAL 



community in 1965, 63 percent had been rearrested 
bj* the end of the fourth calendar year after release. 
Of those persons who were acquitted or had their 
cases dismissed in 1965, 85 percent were rearrested 
for new offenses. Of those released on probation 56 
percent repeated, parole 61 percent, and manda- 
tory release after serving prison time 75 percent. 
Offenders receiving a sentence of fine and probation 
in 1965 had the lowest repeating proportion with 
37 percent rearrest. This type of sentence is 
generallj' found in connection with violations such 
as income tax, fraud and embezzlement. 

When criminal repeating is viewed by type of 
crime for which arrested, convicted, or released in 
1965, rearrests ranged from 16 percent for the 
income tax violators to 80 percent of the auto 
thieves. The predatory crime offenders had high 
repeat rates with 76 percent of the burglars being 
rearrested within 4 years, 68 percent of assault 
offenders, and 57 percent of the robbers released 
in 1965. Likewise, 69 percent of the narcotic 
offenders who are frequently users were rearrested 
after release. The fact that 67 percent of the 



FBI CHART 

forgery offenders were rearrested for new violations 
within the 4-year follow-up, documents law 
enforcement experience with this type offender. 

The younger the age group, the higher the re- 
peating rate has been documented many times, as 
it is here. Nevertheless, this fact calls for greater 
rehabilitation efforts directed at the young of- 
fender, if hardened criminal careers are to be 
aborted. Of the offenders under 20 released in 
1965, 74 percent were rearrested by the end of 
1969, 71 percent of those 20 to 24 years of age, and 
65 percent of the offenders 25 to 29 years. When 
viewed by race the Negro rearrest rate, 68 per- 
cent, was higher than the white offender rate of 
60 percent. All other races, made up primarily of 
Indian Americans, had a rearrest rate of 65 per- 
cent between release in 1965 and 1969. Of the 
1,290 female offenders released in 1965, 41 per- 
cent had been rearrested for new offenses by 1969. 

Table B sets forth the cumulative percentage of 
rearrest by age group and by year after release. 
By the end of the second calendar year (1967), 
after release during 1965, 53 percent of the of- 

39 



Chart 20 



PERCENT REPEATERS 

BY TYPE OF CRIME IN 1965 

PERSONS RELEASED IN 1965 AND REARRESTED WITHIN 4 YEARS 



AUTO THEFT 

BURGLARY 

NARCOTICS 

ASSAULT 

FORGERY 

LARCENY 

ROBBERY 

GAMBLING 

LIQUOR LAWS 

FRAUD 

EMBEZZLEMENT 

ALL OTHERS 

TOTAL 



80% 



76% 



169% 



J 68% 
67% 



162% 



57% 



48% 



45% 



42% 



18% 



59% 
363% 



FBI CHART 



Table B. — Persons Rearrested offer Release in 1963 and 196S 

(Cumulative percentage by year after release] 





Total all ages 


Under 20 


20-24 


25-29 


30-39 


40-49 


50 and over 


When Rearrested 


1963 


1965 


1963 


1965 


1963 


1965 


1963 


1965 


1963 


1965 


1963 


1965 


1963 


1966 




21.8 
43.0 
52.6 
57.9 
60.9 


21.2 
42.7 
52.5 
58.3 
62.5 


23.0 
52.3 
62.8 
67.9 
70.6 


23.3 
51.8 
63.2 
69.6 
73.6 


25.3 
49.3 
59.3 
64.3 
67.5 


25.4 
50.6 
61.2 
67.5 
71.2 


23.6 
45.8 
55.9 
61.9 
64.9 


22.3 
44.3 
54.7 
60.5 
65.0 


22.3 
42.8 
62.4 
57.8 
61.1 


20.9 
41.6 
51.7 
57.5 
62.4 


18.4 
34.2 
43.1 
48.4 
51.8 


17.6 
34.7 
52.9 
48.5 
52.4 


11.4 
25.4 
32.5 
36.7 
39.0 


12.3 


By end of first year after release 

By end of second year after release.. 

By end of third year after release 

By end of fourth year after release.. . 


23.8 
30.6 
34.8 
38.1 



fenders had been rearrested. This pattern supports 
prior studies of this kind and is consistent for all 
age groups. Of all offenders rearrested during this 
4-j'ear follow-up, over one-half were under 30 
years of age and the majority of these rearrests 
occurred within 2 j-ears after release. There is set 
forth in table B the rearrest experience of federal 
offenders released to the community in 1965 and 

40 



for comparison purposes the experience of a gener- 
all}' different group released in 1963. The latter 
experience has been previously published in prior 
issues of Uniform Crime Reports. The repeat rate 
for both groups over the similar periods of follow- 
up (4 years) is about the same. This is true not 
only for each age group as shown here but also by 
type of offense and type of release. 



Charf 21 



PERCENT REPEATERS 

BY AGE GROUP 



74% 



71% 



65% 



62% 



53% 



UNDER 20 20-24 



38% 



25-29 



63% 



30-39 



40-49 50 & OVER TOTAL 
PERSONS RELEASED IN 1965 AND REARRESTED WITHIN 4 YEARS ^^^ ^^^^ 



FBI CHART 



Table C. — 4-Year FollowUp of Persons Released in 1965 

[By age, sex and race) 



Age 


Total 


Eace 


Sex 




White 


Negro 


Other 


Male 


Female 


Total all ages 


16,332 
62.6 


10,890 
60.4 


3,980 
67.6 


1,462 
64.5 


15,042 
64.3 




Percent with subsequent charge , ' 


1,290 
41.1 


Percent with subsequent charge. 


1,761 

73.7 
3,816 

71.2 
2,780 

66.0 
4,066 

62.4 
2,601 

52.6 
1,418 

38.1 


1,220 

71.6 
2,661 

68.8 
1,800 

62.2 
2,533 

61.1 
1,709 

51.0 
967 

36.9 


330 
77.2 

825 
77.6 

720 
71.1 
1,192 
68.4 

603 
56.7 

310 
40.6 


201 
80.1 

330 
74.8 

260 
67.7 

341 
58.9 

189 
53.4 

141 
40.4 


1,669 

74.9 
3,479 

73.7 
2,624 

67.0 
3,712 

64.5 
2,314 

54.4 
1,344 

38.8 


82 


20-24 


48.8 


Percent with subsequent charge 


337 


25-29... 


45.4 


Percent with subsequent charge 


256 


30-39 


45.7 


Percent with subsequent charge 


354 


40-49 




Percent with subsequent charge 


187 


50 and over . . 




Percent with subsequent charge 


74 




24.3 



41 



Table D—^Year Follow-Up by Age Group and Type of Releate in 196S 



Type of release 



Total 

PeTcent with a subsequent charge 
Probation and suspended sentence 

Percent with a subsequent charge. 
Fine - 

Percent with a subsequent charge. 
Fine and probation 

Percent \vith a subsequent charge. 
Acquitted or dismissed 

Percent with a subsequent charge. 
Parole and pre-release 

Percent with a subsequent charge 
Mandatory release 

Percent with a subsequent charge 



16,332 
62.6 
5,787 
66. 1 
1,340 
61.6 
663 
37.0 
995 
84.6 
4,421 
61.3 
3,126 
74.8 



1,751 
73.7 



83.3 

28 

50.0 



76.8 

79 

79.7 



3,816 
71.2 

1,422 
63.2 
235 
77.4 



82.7 
1,555 
74.7 



2,780 
65.0 



4,066 
62.4 

1,258 
56.4 



51.8 
1,253 
76.2 



POLICE EMPLOYEE DATA 

This publication has a section on Law Enforce- 
ment Employee Data which contains tables show- 
ing average police emploj^ee strength bj' geographic 
divisions and population group, percentages of 
civilian employees, and an individual listing of 
pohce emploj-ees for reporting cities and surround- 
ing suburban counties. Tables are published 
containing data relative to law enforcement officers 
killed and assaulted in the line of duty to supple- 
ment the narrative material which follows. 

Employee Rates 

The average number of police employees per 
1,000 inhabitants in 1970 (including civilian em- 
ployees) was 2.3 which is a 5 percent increase over 
the 1969 rate of 2.2. 

Most United States cities continue to operate 
with a police employee ratio of less than the 
national average of 2.3 per 1,000. When arrayed by 
quartile, 50 percent of all American cities have 
police emploj-ee ratios ranging from 1.2 to 1.9 
police employees per 1,000 inhabitants. 

Nationally, large cities with 250,000 or more 
inhabitants as a group, had an average ratio of 3.3 
employees per 1,000 inhabitants, an increase of 6 
percent over the 1969 figure of 3.1. 

The ratio of police employees to population in 
the suburban areas was 1.7, the same as the ratio 
in 1969. Again it should be noted those commu- 
nities which are experiencing rapidly growing and 
increasing densities of population are also recording 
the largest percentage increases in the volume of 
crime. One-half of the suburban police depart- 
ments have from 1.0 to 1.8 emploj^ees per 1,000 
inhabitants. The average rate of full-time em- 
ployees in sheriffs' departments was 1.3 per 1,000 



inhabitants, however, in three-fourths of these 
departments the rate was 1.0 or fewer employees. 
Police departments in the Middle Atlantic 
States continued to have the highest rate, 3.0 
employees per 1,000 inhabitants. Cities in the 
West South Central States had the lowest ratio of 
1.8. 

Civilian Employees 

In Table 52 the percentage of total law enforce- 
ment personnel represented by civilian employees 
is tabulated by population group. On the average, 
during 1970, 13.2 percent of all city police person- 
nel were civilian employees, up from 12.5 percent 
in 1969. Law enforcement administrators are 
continuing to utilize greater numbers of civilian 
emploj-ees, thereby- relieving sworn personnel for 
active police duties. 

Sworn Personnel 

Computing law enforcement employee rates on 
the basis of sworn personnel only (excluding 
civilian employees) determines that the average 
rate for all cities was 2.0 in 1970 compared to the 
1969 rate of 1.9 per 1,000 inhabitants. The city 
rates, nationallj', range from 0.1 to 7.5 per 1,000 
inhabitants. The average ratio of sworn employees 
in sheriffs' departments was 1.1, the same as in 
1969 and the rate range for the 1,252 reporting 
county agencies was 0.1 to 9.9 per 1,000 inhab- 
itants. Caution should be exercised, however, in 
using rates for comparative purposes since there is 
a wide variation in the responsibiUties of various 
law enforcement agencies throughout the countrj'. 
Just as the conditions which affect the amount 
and type of crime that occurs vary from place to 
place, so do the requirements for types of police 
services based upon the conditions which exist in 



42 



Chart 22 



POLICE EMPLOYEE DATA 

AVERAGE NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, AND 
RANGE IN NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES, PER 1,000 INHABITANTS 

BY POPULATION GROUPS, DECEMBER 31, 1970 



8.7 



7.5 



AV. 
3.3 



1.4 





5.6 






AV. 

1.7 

♦ ♦ ♦ * ♦ ■» 

mm 




b.l 


? Q 


4.2 








0.7 




Hi 
iiiiii 




iiii 
wm 




mm 

mm 






, 













m^ 



m 



ALL CITIES CITIES CITIES CITIES CITIES CITIES 

CITIES OVER 100,000 50,000 25,000 10,000 LESS 

250,000 TO TO TO TO THAN 

250,000 100,000 50,000 25,000 10,000 



FBI CHART 
43 



a given community. For example, the increased 
need for police service in a community which has 
a highly mobile or seasonal population, differs from 
a community which has a relatively- stable or fixed 
population. In addition, a small community 
situated between two large cities may require a 
greater number of law enforcement personnel to 
handle crime conditions based solely on its geo- 
graphic location. 

The functions of the sheriffs also vary widely 
in different sections of the countrj^. In certain 
areas the sheriffs' responsibilities are limited almost 
exclusively to civil functions and/or the administra- 
tion of the county jail facilities. The sheriffs' 
departments used in computing rates, however, 
are all engaged in poUce activity and are respon- 
sible for all phases of policing in their jurisdiction. 

State Police and State Highway Patrols 

There were 54,754 employees in State Police 
and State Highway Patrol organizations in 1970. 
This was an increase of 4 percent over 1969. Of 
the total employees, 74 percent were sworn per- 
sonnel, and 14,284, or 26 percent, were civilian 
employees. 

The poUce employee strengths of State Police 
and State Highway Patrol organizations are set 
forth in Table 56. This table provides additional 
data relative to the miles of primary highwaj- and 
the number of state motor vehicle registrations 
per sworn employee, by state. 

Annual Average Number Per Officer 





Geographic region 


Police activity 


North- 
eastern 
States 


North 
Central 
States 


Southern 

States 


Western 
States 




11.3 

2.8 
8.3 
99 


12.6 

6.9 
U.3 
96 


13.2 

12.9 
18.2 
128 


22.1 


Drunk and disorderly conduct 


14.6 




2-2.4 




220 







Police Activity 

The volume and type of police activity, both 
criminal and noncriminal, vary widely from place 
to place. Likewise, police policy and practice are 
not standardized, resulting in \videly differing 
arrest rates from one community to another. The 
table above is provided to show the relative police 
workloads b)^ geographic region using reported 
Crime Index offenses, criminal arrests made, and 
traffic charges issued per sworn police officer. 



The variations in officer workload result from | 
many factors. It assumes that all sworn officers 
in all regions are assigned to such duties. This is 
not the case. Many police officers are fully en- 
gaged in administrative functions, special assign- 
ments and other non-line duties. 

It is pointed out the figures set forth in the 
detailed police employee tables (Tables 50 and 51) 
represent national averages. They should be used 
as a guide or indicator and not considered as 
recommended or desirable pohce strengths. Ade- 
quate manpower for a specific place can only be 
determined after a careful study and analysis of 
the various factors which contribute to the need 
for police service in that community. 

LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS KILLED 

During 1970, 100 law enforcement officers were 
killed by felonious criminal action. This is a 16 
percent increase over 1969, when 86 law enforce- 
ment officers were slain. During the period 1961- 
1970 (10 years) 633 officers were murdered. 
The average number of police officers slain was 59 
a year during the period 1961-1969. Specifically, 
there were 37 killed in 1961 ; 48 in 1962; 55 in 1963; 
57 in 1964; 53 in 1965; 57 in 1966; 76 in 1967; 64 
in 1968; 86 in 1969; and 100 in 1970. 

Circumstancei Surrounding Deaths 

Examination of circumstances under which 
police officers were murdered in 1970, discloses a 
most urgent need for officers to be more alert than 
ever before in connection with all their duties, 
regardless of how routine these duties have been in 
the past. It is essential that officers be extremely 
alert with all individuals with whom they come 
into contact. No arrest situation can be considered 
routine as evidenced by the fact that during the 
period 1961-1970 more officers were killed attempt- 
ing arrests than in any other manner. During 1970, 
37 officers were killed while attempting arrests 
for crimes other than robbery or burglary. Nine- 
teen officers were slain by felons they encountered 
during the commission of a robbery, or who they 
were in pursuit of as robbery suspects. In connec- 
tion with the crime of burglary, 5 officers were 
killed at the scene of the burglary or while pursuing 
burglary suspects. 

During the period 1966-1970, 29 officers were 
slain from ambush, 19 of which occurred during 
1970, 3 occurred in 1969, and 7 in 1968. There were 
no ambush slayings in 1966 or 1967. In 1970, 4 



44 



Law Enforcement Officers Killed, 1961-1970 
(By Type of Weapons Used) 



Type of weapon used 


Total 


Percent 
distribu- 
tion! 


1961-1965 


Percent 
distribu- 
tion' 


1966-1970 


Percent 
distribu- 
tion 1 




466 
78 
60 


73.6 
12.3 
9.6 


185 
35 
21 


74.0 
14.0 
&4 


281 
43 
39 


73.4 




11.2 


Rifle ---- - - 


10.2 








604 


95.4 


241 


96.4 


363 


94.8 








6 
2 
8 
13 


.9 
.3 
1.3 
2.1 


1 


•^ 


5 
2 
5 

8 


1.3 




.6 




3 

5 


1.2 
2.0 


1.3 




2.1 


Total 




633 


100.0 


250 


100.0 


383 


100.0 







I Because of rounding, percentages may not add to total. 

ofl&cers were slain by mentally deranged persons. 
During the period 1961-1970 a total of 25 officers 
were murdered by mentally deranged i)ersons, 
20 of which occurred during the period 1966-1970. 

Seven officers were murdered while investigat- 
ing suspicious persons or circumstances in 1970, 
and 6 met death in responding to "disturbance 
calls" involving such things as family quarrels, 
man with gun, etc. Three officers were slain while 
they were transporting or otherwise engaged in 
custody of prisoners. 

During 1970, 35 officers were slain in the North 
Central States, 24 in the Southern States 22 in 
the Western States and 19 in the Northeastern 
States. The following chart shows the number of 
law enforcement officers killed by region for 
each of the two 5-year periods, 1961-1965 and 
1966-1970. 

Weapons Used 

Ninetj'-three of the police murders in 1970 were 
perpetrated through use of firearms. Of these 
deaths, 73 were caused through the use of hand- 
guns, 12 with shotguns, and rifles were used to 
kill 8 of the officers. Five officers were killed when 
their own guns were used against them by their 
assailants. The premeditated slajang of 2 officers, 
in two separate incidents, occurred through the 
use of bombs. Three policemen met death as a 
result of being assaulted with knives, while 1 
officer was killed through the use of personal wea- 
pons when he was beaten mth hands, fists, feet, 
etc. by two men. One officer was feloniously 
killed through the use of an automobile, when he 
was run down by an offender who was wanted for 
robbery and auto theft. 



During the period 1961-1970, firearms were 
used bj' felons to commit 95 percent of the police 
killings. Seventy-four percent of the weapons used 
were handguns. Specifically, of the 633 law enforce- 
ment officers slain by criminal action during this 
period, 466 were killed through use of handguns, 
78 with shotguns, 60 with rifles, 6 with knives, 2 
with bombs, 8 with personal weapons such as 
hands, fists, and feet, and 13 by other means such 
as clubs, automobiles, etc. A total of 80 officers or 
13 percent were murdered with their own hand- 
guns. The preceding table shows the type of 
weapons used to kill officers from 1961 through 
1970. 

Profile of Victim Officers 

During the period 1961-1965, the median age 
of the victim officer was 32 and the most common 
age was 28. Ninety-four percent of the officers 
were white and 5 percent Negro. The median 
years of service were 5 and 10 percent of the officers 
had 1 year or less service. Forty-six percent had 5 
years or less service and 32 percent had 10 years 
or more. During the period 1966-1970, the median 
age dropped to 30 and the most common age for 
victim officers was 24. Eighty-six percent of the 
victims were white and 13 percent were Negro. 
The median years of service remained at 5. Fifteen 
percent of the victims had 1 year or less of service, 
47 percent 5 years or less, and 28 percent over 10 
years of service. For the entire 10-year period, 
1961-1970, the victim officers' median age was 31 
and the most common age was 25. For this 10- 
year period, 89 percent of the officers were white 
and 10 percent Negro. The median years of service 
for the entire period was 5. Thirteen percent had 



45 



Chart S3 



LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS KILLED 

BY REGION 
19611970 



NORTHEAST 



NORTH CENTRAL 



SOUTH 



WEST 



1961.1965 
1966-1970 



250 KILLED 
383 KILLED 



1961-1970 TOTAL 633 KILLED 



121 




133 



FBI CHART 



46 



Chart 24 



LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS KILLED 



BY TYPE OF ACTIVITY 
19611970 



RESPONDING TO 




l48 
|50 


1961-1965 [ 
1966-1970 1 
1961-1970 


j 250 KILLED 


DISTURBANCE CALLS 


Hm 383 KILLED 
TOTAL 633 KILLED 


BURGLARIES IN PROGRESS 

OR PURSUING BURGLARY SUSPECT 


1 28 

■■r25 





ROBBERIES IN PROGRESS 

OR PURSUING ROBBERY SUSPECT 



ATTEMPTING OTHER ARRESTS 



CIVIL DISORDERS 



HANDLING, TRANSPORTING, 
CUSTODY OF PRISONERS 



INVESTIGATING SUSPICIOUS 
PERSONS AND CIRCUMSTANCES 



UNPROVOKED 
MENTALLY DERANGED 



TRAFFIC STOPS 




112 



FBI CHART 
47 



Profile of Victim Officers 



Law enforcement officers 


1961-65 


1966-70 


1961-70 




32 
28 
94 
6 
1 
6 
10 
46 
32 


30 
24 
86 
13 
1 
6 
IS 
47 
28 


31 




Percent White 

































1 year or less of service, 47 percent had 5 years 
or less, and 29 percent had over 10 years of service. 
The preceding table sets forth additional informa- 
tion concerning the victim officers. 

Types of Asiignment 

Officers wlio are assigned patrol duties within 
law enforcement organizations have the most 
hazardous type of assignment. During the course 
of his duties the patrol officer is frequently in 
contact with suspicious persons who are in auto- 
mobiles or on foot. Each of these situations consti- 
tutes a threat to the officer's personal safety. The 
patrol officer is readily identifiable because of his 
uniform and/or patrol vehicle. The patrol officer 
cannot hide his presence or official capacity. The 
patrol officer frequently must determine quickly 
and accurately if a person, or persons, is involved 
in a criminal act, and if the person, or persons, 
constitutes a danger to his personal safety. The 
patrol officer does not have the benefit of 20/20 
hindsight, wliich other people not immediately 
involved, constantly utilize. The patrol officer also 
risks his life through frequent encounters with 
cri min al offenders at, or near, crime scenes. These 
perils are in a large measure substantiated by the 
fact that officers assigned to patrol duty are the 
most frequent targets of the police killer. Officers 
assigned in other capacities are confronted with 
equally tense and dangerous types of situations 
while performing their duties, but not with the 
same frequency. 

During 1970, 64 patrol officers were slain. Sixty 
of these officers were assigned to patrol cars while 
four were foot patrolmen. Twenty-four officers 
were detectives or officers on special assignments. 
During 1970, in the liighest tradition of the law 
enforcement profession, 12 officers while in an 
off-duty status were taking appropriate police 
action concerning crimes committed in their 
presence when they were slain. Since 1961, 72 
percent or 456 of the 633 officers slain by felons 

48 



were assigned to patrol duties. In 1970, 40 of the 
officers were alone when killed. During the period 
1961-1970, 35 percent or 224 of the officers were 
alone when they sacrificed their lives for the com- 
munity they were sworn to protect. Information 
is set forth in the following table concerning types 
of assignment and circumstances involved in con- 
nection with the murders of officers during the 
periods of 1961-1965 and 1966-1970. 
Time of Murder 

The months of January and June proved to 
be the most dangerous for law enforcement 
officers during 1970. During each of these months 
15 officers were feloniously murdered. 

In 1970, more officers were slain on Friday than 
on any other day of the week. Tliis is in contrast to 
1969, when more officers were killed on Sunday. 
During the period 1961-1970, Friday proved to be 
the most dangerous day. One hundred eight 
officers were killed on Friday, 96 Saturday, 92 
Monday, 89 Thursday, 88 Sunday, 83 Wednesday, 
and 77 on Tuesday. During the period 1966-1970, 
Monday was the most dangerous day with 63 
officers slain followed by Friday with 58, Satur- 
day 56, Sunday 55, Thursday 54, Tuesday 51, 
and Wednesday 46. During the period 1961-1965, 
Friday was the most dangerous day with 50 
officers being killed, followed by Saturday with 
40, Wednesday 37, Thursday 35, Sunday 33, 
Monday 29, and Tuesday 26. During the 10-year 
period, 1961-1970, 70 percent of all killings of 
law enforcement officers occurred between 4:00 
p.m. and 4:00 a.m. The most dangerous times 
were between 1 1 :00 p.m. and midnight when 53 
officers were killed and from 1:00 a.m. until 2:00 
a.m. when 54 officers were murdered. Chart 25 
shows the distribution of police murders by hour 
of day in all instances when known. 
Criminal Offenders 

Law enforcement cleared 91 of the 100 police 
murders that occurred in calendar year 1970. In 
clearing these crimes, law enforcement arrested 
133 persons. Thirty-nine percent of the offenders 
were white and 61 percent Negro. 

During the period 1961-1970, 633 officers were 
slain; 849 offenders were arrested, clearing 96 
percent of these killings. Seventy-one percent 
of the offenders had prior arrest for criminal 
charges. Fifty-seven percent of the offenders had 
been convicted of prior criminal charges and 
38 percent had prior arrests for violent types 
of crime such as murder, rape, armed robbery, 







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49 



Chart 25 



LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS KILLED 

BY HOUR OF DAY 

1961 - 1970 



A. 



P.M. 



A.M. 



8 to 9 

9 to 10 

10 to 11 

.11 to 12 

12 to 1 

1 to 2 

2 to 3 

3 to 4 

4 to 5 

5 to 6 

6 to 7 

7 to 8 

8 to 9 
9 to 10 

10 to 11 

.11 to 12 

12 to 1 

1 to 2 

2 to 3 

3 to 4 

4 to 5 

5 to 6 

6 to 7 
. 7 to 8 



14 



17 



22 



19 



14 
13 
14 



23 
22 



31 



25 



31 



35 



39 



44 



53 



39 



54 



44 



27 



18 



11 



50 



FBI CHART 



Chart 26 



CRIMINAL HISTORY PROFILE OF 

849 PERSONS ARRESTED FOR 

MURDERING LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS 

1961 1970 



TOTAL OFFENDERS 
ARRESTED 



OFFENDERS WITH 

PRIOR ARREST 

FOR CRIMINAL CHARGE 



OFFENDERS CONVICTED 
ON PRIOR CRIMINAL 
CHARGE 



PRIOR ARREST FOR 
VIOLENT CRIME 



PRIOR ARREST FOR 
NARCOTIC CHARGE 



PRIOR ARREST FOR 
POLICE ASSAULT 




1 



849 

(100%) 



I 



i 



3% 



FBr CHART 
51 



aggravated assault, etc. Sixty-seven percent of 
those who had previously been convicted on 
criminal charges hail been granted leniency in the 
form of parole or probation. In fact, 23 percent 
of the offenders were on parole or probation when 
they were involved with the murder of an officer. 
Seven percent of the offenders had a prior arrest 
for a narcotics charge and 3 percent had prior 
arrests for police assault. 

Nmety-six percent were male and 4 percent 
female. During this period, 56 percent of the 
offenders were white and 44 percent Negro. 

In 1970, 10 offenders were killed at the scene 
of the crime or soon thereafter by officers and one 
offender committed suicide. For the period 
1961-1970, 92 assailants were killed at the crime 
site or within a short time after the murder was 
committed; 18 committed suicide shortly after 
the killing and four died from other causes. 

Between 1961 and 1970 the offenders ranged 
in age from 13 years to 82. During this period the 
median age of these offenders was 25 while one- 
half were between the ages of 20 and 30. Nine per- 
cent, or 78 were under the age of 18 and 20 was 
the most common age of the police killers. In 1970, 
the median age of the offenders was 25 and one- 
half of these jjersons were between the ages of 20 
and 30. Six of the persons committing these fatal 
attacks were under the age of 18. The most com- 
mon age of the police killer was 20 in 1970. 

The following table sets forth additional details 
regardmg the offender. 

Geographic Locations 

The 100 law enforcement officers slain during 
1970 were from 70 different law enforcement 
agencies in 27 states. The Chicago, 111., Police 
Department had 10 officers murdered and the 
New York City Police Department had seven 
officers slain. The State of California had the 
highest number of officers killed during the year. 
While safeguarding life and property, 20 law en- 
forcement officers were murdered. The State of 
Illinois was second mih 12 and New York State 
was third with nine, followed by the States of 
Michigan and Ohio with seven each. 
Assaults on Officers 

One of the increasingly serious problems facing 
law enforcement today is the growing attitude of 
disrespect for police and the failure of citizens to 
come to the aid of the officers being attacked as 

52 



Profile of Offender 



TotaL 

Under age of 18 

From 20 to 30 years of age 

Male - 

Female 

White _.. 

Ncgro--- 

Prior criminal arrest 

Convicted on a prior crim- 
inal charge 

Prior arrest for crime of 
violence - - 

Convicted on criminal 
charge — granted leniency. 

On parole or probation at 
timeof kiUing 

Conviction on prior murder 
charge 

Prior arrest on narcotic drug 
law violation 

Prior arrest for assaulting 
policeman or resisting 
arrest 



Total 


Percent 

oiall 
offenders 


1961- 
1965 


Per- 
cent 


1966- 
1970 


849 


100 


319 


100 


630 


78 


9 


21 


7 


67 


424 


60 


161 


60 


263 


819 


96 


308 


97 


511 


30 


4 


11 


3 


19 


477 


66 


209 


66 


268 


372 


44 


110 


34 


262 


607 


71 


246 


77 


361 


486 


87 


212 


66 


273 


322 


38 


128 


40 


194 


324 


38 


138 


43 


186 


199 


23 


99 


31 


100 


20 


2 


8 


3 


12 


61 


7 


26 


8 


36 


29 


3 


13 


4 


16 



Most common age of offender: 1961-65, age 26; 1966-70, ago 20; 1961-70, 
age 20. 



they attempt to perform their lawful duties. These 
duties often necessitate confrontations with emo- 
tionally aroused citizens protesting real or 
imagined grievances. These situations have, in a 
large measure, accounted for the upward trend 
of assaults on police. There was an increase of 11 
percent in the rate of assaults on police in 1970 
over 1969. Nationally, there were 18.7 assaults for 
every 100 officers in 1970 up from 16.9 in 1969 
and 15.8 in 1968. Geographically, the highest 
assault rate occurred in the East North Central 
States with 27 for every 100 officers, followed by 
21 in South Atlantic and Pacific States. 

While every assault does not result in personal 
injury to the police officer, many of them — 34 
percent in 1969 and 35 percent in 1970 — did 
result in physical harm to the officer and usually 
in loss of duty time. The national assault-\vith 
injury rate of 6.6 per 100 officers reflects tin' 
continuing hazards of the law enforcement pro- 
fession when compared ^v^th the rates of 5.7 ii\ 
1969, 6.6 in 1968, and 5.4 in 1967. In 1970, 81 
percent of the police assaults were by use of hands, 
fists, feet, teeth, etc. Where weapons were used in 
committing these assaults firearms were used in 31 
percent, a knife or cutting instrument in 15 per- 
cent and blunt objects or other weapons in 54 
percent. Table 54 sets out police assault rates 



for geographic divisions and population groups 
for 1970. 

Accidental Deaths 

Three hundred forty-five law enforcement offi- 
cers died as a result of accidents occurring in the 
line of duty for the period of 1961 through 1969. 
In 1970, an additional 46 officers died, bringing the 
total number of such deaths from 1961 through 
1970 to 391. These officers were not included in 
the preceding information concerning law enforce- 
ment officers who were killed as a result of felonious 



criminal action. Automobile accidents have claimed 
the lives of 204 officers making it the leading cause 
of accidental deaths in the law enforcement profes- 
sion. Seventy-nine officers have been killed in 
accidents involving motorcycles. Forty-two died 
as a result of accidents while they were directing 
traffic or while they were at the scene of a previous 
accident. The other deaths took place when fire- 
arms were accidentally discharged, helicopter 
crashes, falls, etc. Thirteen officers were killed in 
these types of accidents in 1970. 



53 




Slant lEnfnrr^m^nt (Hoht of lEtI|ir0 

Kb a iCam iEntnrr^m^nt ®tttr?r. my funJumentJ Jut^ u to 

Serve ntannina; to safeauara tivei and propertu; to protect tke innocent aaainit 
deception, tke weak aaainit oppression or intimidation, and tke peaceful 
aaainst violence or disorder; and to respect tke {constitutional riakts of alt 
men to lioertu, equatitu and Justice. 

ll Utlli keep mu private life unsullied as an example to all; maintain coura- 
aeous calm in tke J-ace of danaer, scorn, or ridicule; develop self-restraint; and 
be constantiu mindful of tke welfare of otkers. J^onest in tkouakt and deed 
in botk mu personal and off icial life, .Jr will be exemplaru in obeuina tke laws 
of tke land cutd tke reauiations of mu department. vUkatever ^ see or kear of 
a confidential nature or tkat is confided to me in mu official capacitu wilt be 
kept ever secret untess revetation is necessaru in tke performance of mu dutu. 

JI UjUi never act officioustu or permit personal feetinas, prejudices, animos- 
ities or friendskips to influence mu decisions. lAJitk no compromise for crime 
and witk relentless prosecution of criminals, ^ will enforce tke law courteouslu 
and appropriatelu witkout fear or favor, malice or ill will, never emplouina 
unnecessaru force or violence and never acceptina aratuities. 

It ir< f Oj^tttZF tke badae of mu office as a sumbol of public faitk, and 
^ accept it clS a public trust to be keld So lona as .Jr am true to tke etkics of 
tke police Service. ^ will constantiu strive to ackieve tkese objectives and ideals, 
dedicatina myself before \jod to mu ckosen profession . . . law enforcement. 



55 



INTRODUCTION 



Background 

The Uniform Crime Reporting Program is the 
outgrowth of a need for a national and uniform 
compilation of law enforcement statistics. This 
need was expressed by law enforcement executives 
many years ago. In 1930, crime reports were 
solicited from law enforcement agencies through- 
out the Nation based on uniform classifications 
and procedures developed by the Committee on 
Uniform Crime Records of the International 
Association of Chiefs of Police (lACP). In that 
year the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), 
on request of the above organization, assumed 
the role as the national clearinghouse. 

The Committee on Uniform Crime Records, 
lACP, continues to serve in an advisory capacity 
to the FBI in the operation of this Program. In 
this connection, the Field Service Division of the 
lACP is also playing an active and effective part 
in quaUty control through surveys of police record 
and crime reporting systems. Dr. Peter P. Lejins, 
Professor, Department of Sociology, University 
of Maryland, continues as a consultant to the 
FBI in the conduct of this Program. 

The National Sheriff's Association (NSA) in 
June 1966, established a Committee on Uniform 
Crime Records to serve in an advisory capacity 
to the NSA membership and the national Uni- 
form Crime Reporting Program. This Committee 
actively encourages sheriffs throughout the coun- 
try to fully participate m this important Program. 
Committees on Uniform Crime Reporting \vith- 
in state law enforcement associations are active 
in providmg service by promoting interest in the 
Uniform Crime Reporting Program, fostering 
more \videspread and more intelUgent use of 
uniform crime statistics and by lending assistance 
to contributors when the need exists. 

In the last several years the FBI has been 
actively assisting individual states m the develop- 
ment of statewide programs of police statistics 
compatible with the national system. These 
statistical programs have been given impetus by 
developing stateudde computerized law enforce- 
ment information systems, of which they are an 



essential part. Through such mandatory state 
programs more complete and a better quality of 
reportmg is envisioned. Likewise, through coordi- 
nation with the state agency the data is available 
for the use of the state, and the collection machin- 
ery to the national agency is substantially 
streamlined. 

In 1969 the FBI ceased the collection of all data 
directly from municipalities and counties in New 
Jersey and Michigan. In California the FBI no 
longer collects the monthly offenses kno^vn reports 
direct from law enforcement agencies; however, 
the annual arrest, disposition of persons charged, 
and law enforcement employee reports continue 
to be collected direct from the individual law 
enforcement agencies. During 1969 and 1970 seven 
additional states began collecting all Uniform 
Crime Reporting data from individual agencies. 
These states are Kentucky, Rhode Island, Penn- 
sylvania, Minnesota, Nebraska, Florida, and Wis- 
consin. At least 12 additional states have enacted 
necessary legislation to establish State Uniform 
Crime Reporting Programs. Most of these states 
are actively working with the FBI in an effort to 
estabhsh their systems in 1972. The conditions 
under which these systems are estabUshed are as 
follows : 

(1) The state program must conform to the 
national Uniform Crime Reports standards and 
information required. This, of course, does not 
prohibit the state from collecting other statistical 
data beyond the national collection. (2) The state 
agency must have a proven effective mandatory 
statewide program with at least 2 years experience. 
(3) Coverage \vithin the state by a state agency 
must at least be equal to that attained by Uniform 
Crime Reports. (4) The state agency must have 
adequate field staff assigned to assist local units in 
record practices and crime reporting procedures. 
(5) The state agency must furnish to the FBI all 
of the detailed data regularly collected by the FBI 
in the form of dupHcate returns, computer print- 
outs or magnetic tape. (6) The state must have the 
proven capability (tested over a period of time) to 
supply all the statistical data required to the FBI 

57 



439-758 O - 71 ■ 



in time to meet national Uniform Crime Reports 
publication deadlines. (7) The FBI will continue 
its internal procedures of verifying and reviewing 
individual agency reports for both completeness 
and quality. (8) The FBI will continue to have 
direct contact with uidividual reporting units with- 
in the state where necessary in connection with 
crime reporting matters, but will coordinate such 
contacts with the state agency. (9) Upon request, 
the FBI will continue its training programs within 
the state with respect to police records and crime 
reporting procediu-es. For mutual benefit these will 
be coordinated with the state agency. (10) Should 
circumstances develop whereby the state agency 
cannot provide the data required by the national 
program, the FBI will reinstitute a direct collec- 
tion of Uniform Crime Reports from police units 
uithm the state. 

Objectives 

The fundamental objective of this Program is to 
produce a reUable fund of nationwide criminal 
statistics for administrative and operational use of 
law enforcement agencies and executives. At the 
same time, meaningful data is provided for other 
professionals with related interests in the crime 
problem and for scholars, as well as to inform the 
pubUc of general crime conditions. 

Specifically, the means utilized to attain these 
goals are: (1) An attempt is made to measure the 
extent, fluctuation and distribution of serious crime 
in the United States through the use of a Crime 
Index consisting of seven selected offenses. This 
count is based on these seven offenses being 
reported to the police or coming directly to their 
attention. (2) The total volume of all types of 
criminal offenses is compiled as they become known 
by police arrests. (3) Since the above are also 
measures of law enforcement activity, related data 
is collected to demonstrate effectiveness of enforce- 
ment activities, available poUce strength and sig- 
nificant factors involved in crime. 

Reporting Procedure 

Under this national voluntary system each con- 
tributing law enforcement agency is wholly respon- 
sible for compiling its own crime reports for 
submission to the FBI. Each contributor is 
supplied with the Uniform Crime Reporting Hand- 
book which outlines in detail procedures for 
scoring and classifying offenses. The Handbook 
illustrates and discusses the monthly and annual 
reporting forms; as well as the numerous tally 



sheets made available to facilitate the periodic 
tabulation of the desired data. 

The publication of the Uniform Crime Reporting 
"Newsletter," which was initiated in October 1963, 
has continued with issues being published when 
pertinent. This "Newsletter" is utilized to explain 
revisions in the Program as well as to present 
information and instructional material to assist 
contributors. 

Recognizing that a sound records system is 
necessary if crime reporting is to meet desirable 
standards, the FBI furnishes a Manual of Police 
Records to law enforcement agencies upon request. 
Special Agents of the FBI are widely utilized to 
encourage new contributors and to assist them by 
explaining the procedures and definitions necessary 
under the uniform system. 

On a monthly basis, law enforcement agencies 
(police, sheriffs, and state police) report the num- 
ber of offenses that became known to them during 
the month in the foUomng crime categories: 
Murder and nonnegUgent manslaughter, man- 
slaughter by negligence, forcible rape, robbery, 
assault, burglary, larceny and auto theft. This 
count is taken from a record of all complaints of 
crimes received by the law enforcement agency 
from victims, other sources, and /or discovered by 
officers. Whenever complaints of crime are deter- 
mined through investigation to be unfounded or 
false they are eliminated from this count. The 
number of "offenses known" in these crime cate- 
gories is reported to the FBI \\athout regard to 
whether anyone is arrested for the crime, stolen 
property recovered, local prosecutive policy, or 
any other consideration. Law enforcement agencies 
on a monthly basis report the total number of these 
reported crimes which they clear either by arrest 
or by exceptional means. A separate count of 
crimes cleared which involve only persons under 
the age of 18 is shown. Law enforcement agencies 
also report the number of justifiable homicides 
which occur, the number of law enforcement of- 
ficers killed, and the value of property stolen and 
recovered during the month. Total arrests are also 
reported for all criminal acts, except traffic, sep- 
arated as to adults and juveniles. 

On an annual basis law enforcement agencies 
provide detailed arrest reports on persons arrested 
for all criminal offenses, except traffic, with respect 
to the age, sex, and race of the offenders, as well as 
a report on the number of persons formally charged 
and their ultimate disposition. Law enforcement 
employee data specifically encompasses the number 



58 



Ill' sworn and other personnel, and is collected as 
of December 31 each year. As State Uniform 
Crime Reporting systems are developed the states 
are encouraged to have law enforcement agencies 
report the detailed arrest data by crime category, 
age, sex, and race on a monthly basis as well as the 
report concerning the number of persons formally 
charged and the disposition of such charges. Begin- 
ning in January 1972, a monthly collection will be 
made on law enforcement officers assaulted. Data 
will be collected concerning the type of weapon 
used and the circumstances of the assault as well as 
information concerning injury, if any, to the victim 
officer. 

Reporting Area 

During calendar year 1970, crime reports were 
received from law enforcement agencies repre- 
senting 97 percent of the total United States 
population living in standard metropohtan sta- 
tistical areas, 88 percent of the population in other 
cities, and 71 percent of the rural population. The 
combined coverage accounts for 91 percent of the 
national population. 

Presentation of crime data by areas as used in 
this pubhcation follows as closely as practical the 
definitions used by the Office of Management and 
Budget and the Bureau of the Census for standard 
metropohtan statistical areas and other cities. There 
is, however, some deviation insofar as the rural area 
is concerned. For crime reporting purposes rural is 
generally the unincorporated portion of a county 
outside of standard metropohtan statistical areas. 
In addition, statistics are i^resented in certain 
tables relative to "suburban" areas. A suburban 
area consists of cities with 50,000 or less population 
together with counties which are within a standard 
metropolitan statistical area. In this use of sub- 
urban the core city experience is, of course, ex- 
cluded. The suburban area concept is used because 
of the particular crime conditions which exist in 
these communities surrounding the major core 
cities. These metropolitan areas are not rural in 
nature, yet neither are they comparable to large 
cities although they have many of the problems 
identified with the latter. 

Standard metropohtan statistical areas are 
generally made up of an entu-e county or counties 
having at least one core city of 50,000 or more 
inhabitants, with the whole meetmg the require- 



ments of certain metropohtan characteristics. In 
New England, "towai" instead of "county" is used 
to describe standard metropohtan statistical areas. 
These towns do not coincide generally with estab- 
lished crime reporting units; therefore, metro- 
l)olitan state economic areas in New England are 
used in these area tabulations since they encom- 
pass an entire county or counties. Standard 
metropohtan statistical areas, as used in this 
pubhcation, make up approximately 69 percent 
of the total United States population. 

Other cities are urban places outside standard 
metropolitan statistical areas. Most of these places 
of 2,500 or more inhabitants are incorporated and 
comprise 12 percent of the 1970 population. Rural 
areas are made up of the unincorporated portions 
of counties outside of urban places and standard 
metropohtan statistical areas and represent 19 
percent of our national population. Throughout 
this Program, sheriffs, county police and many 
State pohce report on crimes committed within the 
hmits of the counties but outside cities, while local 
pohce report on crime committed within the city 
hmits (urban places). 

Verification Processes 

Uniformity of crime data collected under this 
Program is of primary concern to the FBI as the 
national clearinghouse. With the receipt of reports 
covermg approximately 9,200 jurisdictions, pre- 
pared on a voluntary basis, the problems of attain- 
ing uniformity are readily apparent. Issuance of 
instructions does not complete the role of the FBI. 
On the contrary, it is standard operating procedure 
to examine each incoming report not only for 
arithmetical accuracy but also, and possibly of 
even more importance, for reasonableness as a 
possible indication of errors. 

Variations in the level and ratios among the 
crime classes established by previous reports of 
each agency are used as a measure of possible or 
probable incompleteness or changes m reporting 
policy. Necessary arithmetical adjustments or 
unusual variations are brought to the attention 
of the submitting agency by correspondence. Dur- 
ing 1970, 21,250 letters were addressed to con- 
tributors primarily as a result of editing and eval- 
uation processes. Correspondence with contrib- 
utors is the principal tool for supervision of 
quahty. Not only are the individual reports stud- 



59 



ied, but also periodic trends for individual report- 
ing units are prepared, as are crime rates in 
descending order for all units grouped for general 
comparability to assist in detecting variations and 
fluctuations possibly due to some reason other than 
chance. For the most part, the problem is one of 
keeping the contributors informed of the type 
information necessary to the success of this 
Program. 

The elimination of duplication of crime reporting 
by the various agencies is given constant attention. 
In addition to detailed instructions as to the limits 
of reporting jurisdictions between sheriffs and 
police in urban places, lists of urban places by 
county are furnished to sheriffs, county police 
and in some instances state police organizations. 

Uniform Crime Reporting has been taught to 
all law enforcement officers attending the FBI 
National Academy. The Academy was established 
in 1935 and there are 3,175 graduates who are still 
in law enforcement, 28 percent of whom are the 
executive heads of law enforcement agencies. The 
FBI also presents this subject to regional law 
enforcement schools throughout the country. 

Contacts by Special Agents of the FBI are uti- 
lized to enlist the cooperation of new contributors 
and to exj)lain the ])urpose of this Program and 
the methods of assembling information for rc])ort- 
ing. When correspondence, including specially 
designed questionnaires fail, Special Agents may 
be directed to visit the contributor to affirmatively 
resolve the misunderstanding. 

Variations from the desired reporting standards 
which cannot be resolved by the steps indicated 
above are brought to the attention of the Com- 
mittee on Uniform Crime Records of the lACP. 
The Committee may designate a representative to 
make a personal visit to the local department to 
assist in the needed revision of records and 
reporting methods. 

It is clear, of course, that regardless of the 
extent of the statistical verification processes 
used by the FBI, the accuracy of the data assem- 
bled under this Program depends upon the degree 
of sincere effort exerted by each contributor to 
meet the necessary standards of reporting and, 
for this reason, the FBI is not in a position to 
vouch for the validity of the reports received. 

The Crime Totals 

Communities not represented by crime reports 
are relatively few, as discussed previously and as 
shown by an examination of the tables which 



follow presenting 1970 crime totals for the Index 
of Crime classifications. The FBI conducts a 
continuing program to further reduce the imre- 
ported areas. 

Within each of the three areas — standard 
metropolitan statistical, other urban and rural — 
it is assumed that the uiireported portion had the 
same proportionate crime experience as that for 
which reports were received. In lieu of figures for 
the entire year from those agencies, reports for 
as many as 9 months are accepted as sufficiently 
representative on which to base estimates for the 
year. Estimates for unreported areas are based on 
the reported crime experience of similar areas 
within each state. Certain refinements are made 
of this basic estimating procedure as the need 
arises. 

Crime Trends 

Crime data for trends are homogeneous to the 
extent that figures from identical reporting units 
are used for each of the periods tabulated. In all 
trend tabulations only those reporting imits are 
used which have provided comparable data for 
the period under consideration. National, geo- 
graphic and area trends are always established 
on the basis of 2 consecutive years. Exclusions 
from trend computations arc made when figures 
from a reporting unit are obviously inaccurate for 
any period or when it is ascertained that unusual 
fluctuations are due to such variables as improved 
records procedures and not to chance. 

As a matter of standard procedure crime trends 
for individual places are analyzed five times a year 
by the FBI. Any significant increase or decrease 
is made the subject of a special inquiry with the 
contributing agency. In 1970 for example, more 
than 2,200 letters were sent to police administra- 
tors of contributing agencies inquiring as to the 
reason for significant increases or decreases in 
pertinent crime classifications. The communication 
containing this inquiry specifically directs atten- 
tion to possible changes in records or reporting 
procedures. When it is found that crime reporting 
procedures are in part responsible for the difference 
in the level of crime, the figures for specific crime 
categories or totals are excluded from the trend 
tabulations. Year-to-year trends in Uniform 
Crime Reports are valid and may be used to I 
reasonably establish long-term trends as well as ] 
to re-estimate crime volume and reconstruct crime 
trends for prior years. It can be assumed logically 
that the current year is the most complete in terms 



60 



of volume. Trend or percent change as established 
by comparable units for each 2-year period is then 
applied as the basis for re-estimating the volume 
of crime for prior years. 

On the other hand, crime rate tables by state 
and standard metropolitan statistical area contain 
the most reliable reports available for the current 
year, and care should be exercised in any direct 
comparisons with prior issues. Changes in crime 
level may have been due in part to improved 
reporting or records procedures rather than to 
chance. 

Population Data 

In computing crune rates by state, geographic 
division, standard metropolitan statistical area 
and the Nation as a whole, the 1970 Decennial 
Census Reports issued by the Bureau of the Census 
were used. The estuuated United States popula- 
tion increase in 1970 was 1 percent over 1969 
according to the Decennial Census Reports. 

Classification of Offenses 

A stumbling block to a uniform national crime 
reporting system in the United States results 
from variations in definitions of criminal viola- 
tions among the states. This obstacle, insofar as 
uniformity of definitions is concerned, was re- 
moved by the adoption of a standard set of crime 
classifications. To some e.xtent the title of each 
classification connotes in a general way its content. 
However, in reading the explanation of each 
category, it is very important to keep in mind 
that because of the differences among the state 
codes there is no possibility in a system such as 
this to distinguish between crimes by designations 
such as "felony" and "misdemeanor." 

A continuing program is carried out to furnish 
contributors with timely supplemental instruc- 
tions as the need arises in certain classifications. 
These are aimed at the clarification of any mis- 
understandings which may arise and the redirec- 
tion of attention to the proper application of 
classification procedures under this system. 

Brief definitions of crime classifications utilized 
in this Program are listed below : 

1. Criminal homicide. — (a) Murder and nonnegli- 
gent manslaughter: all willful felonious homicides 
as distinguished fi'om deaths caused by negligence. 
Excludes attempts to kill, assaults to kill, suicides, 
accidental deaths, or justifiable homicides. Justifi- 
able homicides are limited to: (1) the killing of a 
person by a peace officer in line of duty; (2) the 



killing of a person in the act of committing a 
felony by a private citizen. (6) Manslaughter by 
negligence: any death which the police investiga- 
tion establishes was primarily attributable to 
gross negligence of some individual other than 
the victim. 

2. Forcible rape. — Rape by force, assault to rape 
and attempted rape. Excludes statutory offenses 
(no force used — victim under age of consent). 

3. Robbery. — Steahng or taking anything of 
value from the care, custody or control of a person 
by force or violence or by putting in fear, such as 
strong-arm robbery, stickups, armed robbery, 
assault to rob and attempts to rob. 

4. Aggravated assault. — Assault with intent to 
kill or for the purpose of inflicting severe bodily 
injury by shooting, cutting, stabbing, maiming, 
poisoning, scalding, or by the use of acids, ex- 
plosives, or other means. Excludes simple assault, 
assault and battery, fighting, etc. 

5. Burglary — breaking or entering. — Burglary, 
housebreaking, safecracking, or any breaking or 
unlawful entry of a structure with the intent to 
commit a felony or a theft. Includes attempts. 

6. Larceny — theft (except auto theft). — (a) Fifty 
dollars and over in value; (6) under $50 in value. 
Thefts of bicycles, automobile accessories, shop- 
lifting, pocket-picking, or any stealing of property 
or article of value which is not taken by force 
and violence or by fraud. Excludes embezzlement, 
"con" games, forgery, worthless checks, etc. 

7. Auto theft. — Stealing or driving away and 
abandoning a motor vehicle. Excludes taking for 
temporary or unauthorized use by those having 
lawful access to the vehicle. 

8. Other assaults. — Assaults and attempted as- 
saults which are not of an aggravated nature. 

9. Arson. — Willful or malicious burning with or 
without intent to defraud. Includes attempts. 

10. Forgery and counterfeiting. — Making, alter- 
ing, uttering or possessing, with intent to defraud, 
anything false which is made to appear true. 
Includes attempts. 

11. Fraud. — Fraudulent conversion and obtain- 
ing money or property by false pretenses. Includes 
bad checks except forgeries and counterfeiting. 

12. Embezzlement. — Misappropriation or misap- 
plication of money or property entrusted to one's 
care, custody or control. 

13. Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing. 
Buying, receiving, and possessmg stolen property 
and attempts. 

61 



14. Vandalism. — Willful or malicious destruc- 
tion, injuiy, disfigurement or defacement of 
property without consent of the owner or person 
having custody or control. 

15. Weapons,- carrying, possessing, etc. — All 
violations of regulations or statutes controlling 
the carrying, using, possessing, furnishing and 
manufacturing of deadly weapons or silencers. 
Includes attempts. 

16. Prostitution and commercialized vice. — Sex 
offenses of a commei'cialized nature and attempts, 
such as prostitution, keeping a bawdy house, 
procuring or transporting women for immoral 
pm-poses. 

17. Sex offenses (except forcible rape, prostitu- 
tion, and commercialized vice). — Statutory rape, 
offenses against chastity, common decency, morals 
and the like. Includes attempts. 

18. Narcotic drug laws. — Offenses relating to 
narcotic drugs, such as unlawful possession, sale or 
use. Excludes violations limited strictly to Federal 
control. 

19. Gambling. — Promoting, permitting, or en- 
gaging in gambling. 



20. Offenses against the family and children. — 

Nonsupport, neglect, desertion, or abuse of family 
and children. 

21. Driving under the influence. — Driving or 
operating any motor vehicle while drunk or under 
the influence of liquor or narcotics. 

22. Liquor laws. — State or local liquor law viola- 
tions, except "drunkenness" (class 23) and 
"driving under the influence" (class 21). Excludes 
Federal violations. 

23. Drunkenness. — Drunkenness or intoxication. 

24. Disorderly conduct. — Bleach of the peace. 

25. Vagrancy. — ^Vagabondage, begging, loiter- 
ing, etc. 

26. All other offenses. — All violations of state or 
local laws, except classes 1-25 and traffic. 

27. Suspicion. — Ai-rests for no specific offense 
and released without formal charges being placed. 

28. Curfew and loitering laws (juveniles). — Offenses 
relating to violation of local curfew or loitering 
ordinances where such laws exist. 

29. Runaway (juveniles). — Limited to juveniles 
taken into protective custody under provisions of 
local statutes as runaways. 



I 



62 



The Index of C 



rime. 



1970 



In this section, tabulations are shown to indi- 
cate the probable extent, fluctuation and distribu- 
tion of crime for the United States as a whole, 
geographic di\'isions, individual states and stand- 
ard metropolitan statistical areas. The measure 
used is a Crime Index consisting of seven impor- 
tant offenses which are counted as they become 
known to the law enforcement agencies. Crime 
classifications used in the Index are: murder and 
nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible rape, robbery, 
aggravated assault, burglary — breaking or enter- 
ing, larceny $50 and over and auto theft. 

The total number of criminal acts that occur is 
unknown, but those that are reported to the police 
provide the first means of a count. Not all crimes 
come readily to the attention of the police; not all 
crimes are of sufficient importance to be signifi- 
cant in an index; and not all important crimes 
occur with enough regularity to be meaningful in 
an index. With these considerations in mind, the 
above crimes were selected as a group to furnish 



an abbreviated and convenient measure of the 
crime problem. 

It is important to remember in reviewing the 
tables in this section that the volume of crime in a 
state or standard metropolitan statistical area is 
subject to the factors set forth on page vii. The 1970 
Decennial Census Reports published by the Bureau 
of the Census have been used to construct crime 
rates. With our highly mobile population all 
communities, metropolitan areas and states are 
affected to a greater or lesser degree by the ele- 
ment of transient population. This factor is not 
accounted for in crime rates since no reliable 
estimates by state are available nationwide. 

Tables are presented showing the comparative 
crime experience by population group of suburban 
cities having 50,000 or less inhabitants with cities 
of the same size isolated from subiu-ban areas. The 
effects of being a part of the metropolitan fringe 
can be readily discerned by a review of these 
tables. 



63 



Table ■{.—Index of Crime, United Sfafet, 1970 



Area 


Popula- 
tion 1 


Total 
crime 
index 


Violent = 
crime 

731,402 
360.0 


Property ' 
crime 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny 

$60 and 

over 


Auto 
theft 




203,184,772 


5,568,197 
2,740.6 


4,836,795 
2,380.5 


15,812 
7.8 


37,273 
18.3 


348,380 
171.5 


329,937 
162.4 


2,169,322 
1,067.7 


1,746,107 
859.4 


921,366 




453.5 








Standard Metropolitan Statistical 


140,226,949 

97.2% 
100. 0% 






















Area actually reporting ' 


4,691,726 

4,762,638 

3, 396. 4 


634,446 

641,078 
467.2 


4,067,279 

4,121,660 

2,939.2 


12, 093 

12,266 

8.7 


30,847 

31,302 

22.3 


331,819 

333,810 

238.0 


269, 687 

263, 701 

188.1 


1,797,699 

1,826,851 

1,302.1 


1, 420, 012 

1,446,224 

1,031.3 


839, 668 
849,486 




606.8 




24,092,789 

87. 8% 
100. 0% 




Area actually reporting 


396,460 
446, 129 
1,847.6 


37,896 
43,696 

181.4 


368,666 
401,434 
1,666.2 


906 

1,070 

4.4 


1,877 

2,124 

8.8 


8,149 
9,098 
37.8 


26,963 
31,403 
130.3 


166,296 

174, 776 

726.4 


163, 380 

182,246 

766.4 


39,879 
44,413 




184.3 




38,865,034 

71. 3% 
100.0% 




Area actually reporting 


267,388 

360,430 

927.4 


28,736 
46,629 
120.0 


238,663 
313,801 

807.4 


1,634 

2,477 
6.4 


2,614 

3,847 

9.9 


3,639 
6,472 
14.1 


20,948 

34,833 

89.6 


129,021 

168,696 

434.1 


88,702 

117,637 

302.7 


20,930 
27,468 




70.7 









1 Population is Bureau of the Census decennial census, 1970. 

2 Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault; property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny $50 and over and auto theft . 

3 The percentage representing area actually reporting will not coincide with the ratio between reported and estimated crime totals since these data represent 
the sum of the calculations for individual states which have varying populations, portions reporting and crime rate-s. 



64 



Table 9.— Index of Crime, United States, 1960-1970 



Number of ofTenses: 

1960—179,323,175 

1961—182,953,000 

1962—185,822,000.. 

1963—188,531,000 

1964—191,334,000... 

1965— 193,818,000.. ._ _. 

1966—195,857,000... 

1967—197,864,000 

1968—199,861,000 

196»-201,921,000 

1970—203,184,772 

Percent change 1960-1970 '.. 

Rale per 100.000 inhabitanla: (') 

1960 

1961.. 

1962 

1963.. 

1964 

1965.. 

1966 

1967 

1968.- 

1969 

1970 

Percent change 1960-1970 '.. 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



!, 014, 600 
!, 082, 400 
!, 213, 600 
!, 435, 900 
!, 755, 000 
!, 930, 200 
1, 264, 200 
1, 802, 300 
1, 466, 600 
i, 001, 400 
i, 568, 200 
+ 176.4 

1,123.4 
1, 138. 2 
1, 191. 2 
1,292.0 
1, 439. 9 
1, 511. 9 
1,666.6 
1, 921. 7 
2,234.8 
2,.47a 9 
2, 740. 6 
+143.9 



285,200 
286, 100 
298,200 
313, 400 
360,100 
383,100 
425, 400 
494,600 
588,800 
655, 100 
731,400 
+ 156.5 

159.0 
156.4 
160.5 
166.2 
188.2 
197.6 
217.2 
250.0 
294.6 
324.4 
360.0 
+126.4 



1,729,400 
1,796,300 
1,915,400 
2, 122, 500 
2, 396, 000 
2, 547, 200 
2, 838, 800 
3, 307, 700 
3, 877, 700 
4, 346, 400 
4, 836, 800 
+179. 7 

964.4 
981.8 
1, 030. 8 
1, 125. 8 
1,251.7 
1,314.2 
1,449.4 
1, 671. 7 
1, 940. 2 
2, 162. 5 
2, 380. 5 
+146. 8 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



9,000 
8,630 
8,430 
8,530 
9,250 
9,860 
10,920 
12,090 
13,650 
14,590 
15, 810 
+75.7 

5.0 



16,860 
16,890 
17,210 
17,310 
21,020 
22, 970 
25, 330 
27,100 
31,060 
36,470 
37, 270 
+121. 1 

9.4 
9.2 
9.3 
9.2 
11.0 
11.9 
12.9 
13.7 
15.5 
18.1 
18.3 
+94.7 



107, 390 
106, 210 
110,390 
115,980 
129, 830 
138, 100 
157,320 
202, 050 
261, 730 
297, 580 
348, 380 
+224.4 



58.1 
59.4 
61.6 
67.9 
71.3 
80.3 
102.1 
131.0 
147.4 
171.6 
+186.3 



152,000 
154,400 
162, 100 
171,600 
200,000 
212, 100 
231,800 
253,300 
282,400 
306,420 
329,940 
+117. 1 

84.7 
84.4 
87.3 
91.0 
104.6 
109.5 
118.4 
128.0 
141.3 
161.8 
162.4 
+91.7 



897, 400 

934, 200 

978,200 

1,068,800 

1, 193, 600 

1,261,800 

1,387,200 

1,605,700 

1, 828, 900 

1,949,800 

2, 169, 300 

+141. 7 

500.5 
510.6 
526.4 
566.9 
623.8 
651.0 
708.3 
811.5 
915.1 
965.6 
1, 067. 7 
+113.3 



Larceny 

$60 and 

over 



606,200 

628,500 

573, 100 

648,600 

732,000 

792, 300 

894,600 

1,047,100 

1,271,100 

1, 524, 600 

1, 746, 100 

+244.9 

282.3 
288.9 
308.4 
344.0 
382.6 
408.8 
456.8 
529.2 
636.0 
755.1 



325, 700 
333,500 
364,100 
405,200 
469,300 
493, 100 
557,000 
654,900 
777,800 
871,900 
921,400 
+182. 9 

181.6 
182.3 
196.0 
214.9 
24S.3 
254.4 
284.4 
331.0 
389.1 
431.8 
453.5 
+149. 7 



' Population is Bureau of the Census provisional estimates as of July 1, except Apr. 1, 1960 and 1970, census. 

' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny $50 and over and auto 
ift. 
' Percent change and crime rates calculated prior to rounding number of offenses. Revised estimates and rates based on changes In reporting practices. 



65 



Table 3. — Index of Crime by Regions, 

(Number and rate per 100,000 



United States ToUl ' 

Percent change. 

Northeast 



Percent Change.. 
New England 



Percent change.. 
Connecticut 



Maine 

Massachusetts... 
New Hampshire.. 

rjliode Island 

Vermont 



Middle Atlantic- 



Percent change. 
New Jersey _ 



New York 

Pennsylvania. 



North Central. 



Percent change 

East North Central.. 



Percent change.. 
Illinois 



Indiana 

Michigan.. 

Ohio 

Wisconsin. 



1969 
1970 



1969 
1970 



1969 
1970 



1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 



1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 



1969 
1970 



1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 



201,921,000 
203, 184, 772 



4S, 782, 000 
48, 999, 999 



11,512,000 
11,847,186 



3,000,000 

3, 032, 217 

978,000 

993, 663 

5,467,000 

6, 689, 170 

717,000 

737, 681 

911,000 

949,723 

439,000 

444, 732 



Total Crime Index 



5,001,452 

5,568,197 

+11.3 



1,261,399 
1, 394, 492 

+10.6 
266, 977 
302,549 
+13.3 
70,048 
78, 076 
10,129 
11,344 
149, 807 
170,900 



25, 448 
27, 787 
4,509 
5,644 



2, 476. 9 
2, 740. 5 
+10.6 



2,845.9 

+10.1 
2,319. 1 
2, 553. 8 

+10.1 
2, 334. 9 
2, 574. 9 
1,035.7 
1,141.6 
2, 740. 2 
3,004.0 
981.3 
1, 192. 7 
2, 793. 4 
2, 925. 8 
1,027.1 
1, 269. 1 



655,061 
731,402 

+11.7 



161, 188 

188, 809 

+17.1 

17, 521 

20, 218 

+15.4 

4,415 

5,167 

681 

823 

10, 272 

11,542 



324.4 
360.0 
+11.0 



330.4 
385,3 

+16.6 
162.2 
170.7 
+12.2 
147.2 
170.4 
69.6 
82.8 
187.9 
202.9 
45.3 
56.0 
175.0 
204.7 
53.3 
74.0 



4,346,391 

4,836,795 

+11.3 



1,100,211 
1,205,683 

+9.6 

249, 456 

282,331 

+13.2 

65,633 

72,909 

9,448 

10, 521 

139, 535 

159,358 

6,711 

8,385 

23,854 

25,843 

4,275 

5,315 



2, 152. 5 
2,380.5 
+10.6 



2,265.4 
2, 460. 6 

+9.1 
2, 166. 9 
2,383.1 
+10.0 
2, 187. 8 
2,404.6 

966.1 
1,058.8 
2, 652. 3 
2,801.1 

936.0 
1, 136. 7 
2, 618. 4 
2, 721. 1 

973.8 
1, 195. 1 



Murder and nonneg- 
ligent manslaughter 



37,271,000 
37, 152, 813 



7,148,000 
7, 168, 164 
18,321.000 
18, 190, 740 
11,803,000 
11,793,909 



56, 078, 000 
56,577,067 



39, 904, 000 
40, 252, 678 



11,047,000 
11,113,976 
6,118,000 
5, 193, 669 
8, 766, 000 
8, 875, 083 
10. 740, 000 
10,652,017 
4, 233. 000 
4,417,933 



994, 422 
1,091,943 
+9.8 
176, 722 
196, 709 
653, 405 
713, 453 
165, 295 
181, 781 



2,668.1 
2, 939. 1 
+10.2 
2. 458. 3 
2, 744. 2 
3,566.4 
3, 922. 1 
1,400.4 
1,541.3 



143, 667 
168, 591 
+17.3 
17,226 
20,683 
104, 398 
122, 976 
22,043 
25,032 



385.5 
453.8 
+17.7 
241.0 
287.1 
569.8 
676.0 
186.8 
212.2 



850, 765 
923, 352 
+8.5 
158,496 
176, 126 
549,007 
690,477 
143, 252 
156, 749 



1,217,113 
1,357,129 

+11.5 

907,025 

1,023,688 

+12.9 
246, 154 
260,868 

99,241 
117,923 
279,883 
324, 742 
223,223 
253,158 

68,624 

66,907 



2, 170. 4 
2,398.7 

+10.5 
2, 273. 
2, 542. 9 

+11.9 
2, 228. 2 
2, 347. 1 
1,939.1 
2. 270. 5 
3, 192. 8 
3, 659. 
2, 078. 4 
2,376.6 
1.382.6 
1,514.4 



164, 486 
182,866 

+11.2 

132, 160 

147,738 

+11.8 

49,543 

52,006 

9,752 

11,714 

42,796 

49,947 

26,648 

30, 279 

3,411 

3,792 



293.3 
323.2 

+10.2 
331.2 
367.0 

+10.8 
448.5 
467.9 
190.6 
225.5 
488.2 
562.8 
248.1 
284.3 



1,052,627 
1,174,263 

. +11.6 
J74,875 
'875,' 850 

+13.0 
196,611 
208,852 

89, 489 
106, 209 
237,087 
274, 795 
196, 676 
222, 879 

55, 113 

63,115 



2, 282. 6 
2, 485. 3 
+8.9 
2, 217. 3 
2, 457. 1 
2, 996. 6 
3, 246. 
1,213.7 
I, 329. 1 



1, 877. 1 
2,07S.S 

+10.6 
1,941.8 
2, 176. 9 

+12.1 
1,779.8 
1,879.2 

1, 748. 5 
2, 045. 

2, 704. 6 

3, 096. 3 
1,830.3 
2, 092. 4 
1,302.0 
1,428.6 



14,587 
16,812 

+8.4 



2,521 
2,849 

+ 13.0 



2,171 
2,480 
+14.2 



1,320 
1,439 



3,427 
3,697 

+7.9 
2,703 
2,890 
+6.9 



See footnotes at end of table. 



66 



Geographic Divitions and Sfate, 1969-70 

inhabitants percent change over 196nl 



Forcible rape 


Robbery 


Aggravated assault 


Burglary 


Larceny $60 and over 


Auto theft 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 




100,000 




100,000 




100,000 




100,000 




100,000 




100,000 


36,470 


18.1 


297,584 


147.4 


306,420 


151.8 


1,949.843 


965.6 


1,524.618 


755.1 


871,930 


431.8 


37,273 


18,3 


348,380 


171.5 


329,937 


162.4 


2.169.322 


1,067.7 


1.746.107 


859.4 


921.366 


453.5 


+2.2 


+1.1 


+17. 1 


+16.4 


+7.7 


+7.0 


+11.3 


+10.6 


+14.5 


+13.8 


+5.7 


+5.0 


6.133 


12.6 


91,984 


188.6 


60,550 


124.1 


480.652 


985.3 


362.780 


743.7 


256.779 


526,4 


6,238 


12.7 


114.071 


232.8 


65,651 


134.0 


522.080 


1,065,5 


403.380 


823.2 


280.223 


571.9 


+ 1.7 


+.8 


+24.0 


+23.4 


+8.4 


+8.0 


+8.6 


+8.1 


+ 11.2 


+10.7 


+9.1 


+8.6 


1,015 


8.8 


7,547 


65.6 


8,609 


74.8 


105,973 


920.5 


73,332 


637.0 


70, 161 


609.4 


1,154 


9.7 


8,786 


74.2 


9,909 


83.6 


120, 083 


1,013.6 


86, 181 


727.4 


76,067 


642.1 


+13.7 


+ 10.2 


+16.4 


+13.1 


+15.1 


+11.8 


+13.3 


+ 10.1 


+17.6 


+14.2 


+8.4 


+5.4 


260 


8.7 


1,696 


56.5 


2,373 


79.1 


29,624 


987.5 


23,176 


772.6 


12,834 


427.8 


276 


9.1 


2,136 


70.4 


2,649 


87.4 


32,874 


1,084.2 


25,363 


836.1 


14,682 


484.2 


58 


5.9 


111 


11.3 


496 


60.7 


4,996 


610.7 


3,108 


317.8 


1,345 


137.6 


70 


7.0 


125 


12.6 


613 


61.7 


5,588 


562.4 


3,481 


360.3 


1,462 


146.1 


592 


10.8 


4,965 


90.6 


4,534 


82.9 


66,460 


1,032.6 


36, 136 


661.0 


46,960 


858.8 


6S4 


12.0 


5,658 


99.5 


5,003 


87.9 


64,523 


1, 134. 1 


44,880 


788.9 


49,965 


878.1 


29 


4.0 


75 


10.5 


203 


28.3 


3,322 


463.3 


2,362 


329.4 


1,027 


143.2 


44 


6.0 


89 


12.1 


265 


35.9 


4,172 


565.6 


2,944 


399.1 


1,269 


172.0 


36 


4.0 


669 


73.4 


861 


94.6 


8,950 


982.4 


7,405 


812.8 


7,499 


823.2 


34 


3.6 


744 


78.3 


1,136 


119.6 


9,677 


1,018.9 


8,008 


843.2 


8,168 


859.0 


40 


9.1 


41 


9.3 


142 


32.3 


2,632 


699.6 


1,147 


261.3 


496 


113.0 


46 


10.3 


34 


7.6 


243 


64.6 


3,249 


730.6 


1,516 


340.7 


561 


123.9 


5,118 


13.7 


84,437 


226.5 


61,941 


139.4 


374, 679 


1,005.3 


289,448 


776.6 


186, 628 


600.7 


5,084 


13.7 


105,285 


283.4 


65, 742 


150.0 


401,997 


1, 082. 


317, 199 


853.8 


204, 156 


549.5 


-.7 




+24.7 


+25.1 


+7.3 


+7.6 


+7.3 


+7.6 


+9.6 


+9.9 


+9.4 


+9.7 


914 


12.8 


9,667 


136.1 


6,286 


87.9 


68,123 


953.0 


53,131 


743.3 


37,242 


521. 


927 


12.9 


12, 145 


169.4 


7,099 


99.0 


74,649 


1,041,4 


61, 520 


858.2 


39,957 


567.4 


2,849 


15.6 


64,349 


351.2 


35,880 


196.8 


238,990 


1,304.6 


196,069 


1,070.2 


113,948 


622.0 


2,823 


15.5 


80,641 


443.3 


38,073 


209.3 


257, 262 


1,414.2 


209,123 


1, 149. 6 


124,092 


682.2 


1,355 


11.5 


10,431 


88.4 


9,775 


82.8 


67,566 


572.4 


40,248 


341.0 


36,438 


300.2 


1,334 


11.3 


12,499 


106.0 


10, 570 


89.6 


70,086 


594.3 


46, 566 


394.7 


40, 107 


340.1 


9,660 


17.2 


83,253 


148.5 


68,146 


121. S 


452.664 


807.2 


366,851 


654.2 


233,112 


415.7 


9.633 


17.0 


97,693 


172.7 


71.843 


127.0 


507,268 


896.6 


429.789 


759.7 


237,206 


419.3 


-.3 


-1.2 


+17.3 


+16.3 


+5.4 


+4.5 


+12.1 


+11.1 


+17.2 


+16.1 


+1.8 


+.9 


7,242 


18.1 


68,981 


172.9 


53,224 


133.4 


330, 774 


828.9 


267, 747 


671.0 


176,354 


441.9 


7,231 


18.0 


81,414 


202.3 


56,203 


139.6 


377,022 


936.6 


316, 165 


786.5 


182,663 


463.8 


-.2 


-.6 


+18.0 


+17.0 


+6.6 


+4.6 


+14.0 


+13.0 


+18.1 


+17.1 


+3.6 


+2.7 


2,113 


19.1 


26,153 


236.7 


20,327 


184.0 


81,602 


738.7 


62, 693 


566.6 


52, 416 


474.5 


2,270 


20.4 


27,908 


251.1 


, 20,762 


186.8 


86, 067 


765.4 


66,234 


696.0 


67, 651 


517.8 


780 


15.2 


4,667 


91.2 


4,053 


79.2 


38, 935 


760.7 


31,327 


612.1 


19,227 


375.7 


930 


17.9 


5,584 


107.6 


4,960 


95.3 


44,664 


860.0 


39,270 


756.1 


22,276 


428.9 


2,399 


27.4 


23,361 


266.6 


16,307 


186.0 


109,647 


1,260.8 


83,983 


958.1 


43,457 


495.7 


2,035 


22.9 


30,921 


348.4 


16,204 


182,6 


132, 646 


1,493.5 


101, 614 


1, 143. 8 


40,736 


459.0 


1,646 


15.3 


13,604 


126.7 


10, 714 


99.8 


79,489 


740.1 


66,310 


608.1 


61, 776 


482.1 


1,700 


16.0 


15,539 


146.9 


12,341 


116.9 


90,953 


853.9 


79,438 


745.8 


52,488 


492.8 


305 


7.2 


1,196 


28.3 


1,823 


43.1 


21,101 


498.5 


24,634 


679.6 


9,478 


223.9 


296 


6.7 


1,462 


33.1 


1,946 


44.0 


23,792 


638.5 


29,709 


672.6 


9,614 


217.6 



67 



Table 3. — Index of Crime by Regions, 

[ Number and rate per 100,000 



Area 


Year 


Population ' 


Total Crime Index 


Violent crime 3 


Property crime ' 


Murder and nonneg- 
ligent manslaughter 




Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


West North Central 


1969 
1970 


16. 174, OOO 
16, 324, 389 


310,088 
333,541 

+7.6 
36,340 
40,548 
40,956 
48,216 
74,842 
80, 034 
127,098 
129,329 
20,622 
22, 612 
4,602 
5,227 
6,728 
7,676 


1,917.2 
2,043.2 
+6.6 
1,270.8 
1,435.3 
1,764.6 
2, 143. 8 
2,022.8 
2, 103. 4 
2, 732. 7 
2, 765. 
1.416.3 
1,617.2 
748.3 
846.1 
1,020.9 
1, 162. 1 


32,336 

35,128 

+8.6 

1,918 

2,241 

3,873 

4,661 

6,253 

6,782 

18,260 

18, 986 

2,302 

2,731 

220 

211 

510 

616 


199.9 
216.2 
+7.7 
69.0 
79.3 
166.9 
202.8 
142.0 
162.0 
392.6 
406.9 
168.9 
184.1 
36.8 
34.2 
77.4 
92.6 


277, 762 

298,413 

+7.4 

33,422 

38,307 

37,083 

43.654 

69.689 

74, 262 

108,838 

110,343 

18,220 

19, 781 

4,382 

6,016 

6,218 

7,060 


1, 717. 3 

1,828.0 

+6.4 

1,201.8 

1,366.0 

1, 697. 7 

1,941.0 

1,880.8 

1,951.4 

2,340.1 

2,359.1 

1,257.4 

1,333.1 

712.5 

812.0 

943.6 

1,069.7 


724 
807 
+ 11.6 
39 
64 
81 
107 
69 
76 
486 
499 
36 
44 
1 
3 
13 
25 


4.5 
4.9 
+8.9 
1.4 
1.9 
3.6 
4.8 
1.9 
2.0 
10.4 
10.7 
2.5 
3.0 
.2 
.6 
2.0 
3.8 






1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 


2,781,000 
2,825,041 
2, 321, 000 
2, 249, 071 

3, 700, 000 
3,805,069 
4,651,000 

4, 677, 399 
1,449,000 
1,483,791 

615,000 
617, 761 
669,000 
666,257 








Nebraska. . 


North Dakota 






South 


1969 
1970 


63,086,000 
62,798,347 


1,323,179 
1,507,263 
+13.9 
702, 992 
816,474 
+ 16.1 
11,966 
14,887 
201,160 
244,399 
82,750 
101, 279 
123, 552 
131,283 
80, 216 
94. 696 
45.541 
53,540 
81, 070 
99,904 
13,910 
16, 722 


2, 097. 4 
2,400.2 

+ 14.4 
2, 306. 1 
2, 662. 

+ 15.4 
2, 216. 9 

2, 716. 1 
3, 166. 9 

3, 599. 7 

1, 783. 

2, 206. 7 

3, 281. 6 
3,347.0 
1.541.1 
1,861.4 
1,691.7 
2, 066. 8 

1, 736. 3 

2, 149. 2 
764.7 
968.7 


205,766 
227,440 

+10.6 
119, 722 
130, 464 
+9.0 
1,276 
1,403 
29,411 
33,824 
11,235 
13,976 
24,296 
24,612 
17, 755 
18,423 
6,429 
7,387 
10,643 
12,040 
1,766 
2,158 


326.2 
362.2 

+11.0 
392.7 
425.4 
+8.3 
236.3 
256.0 
462.9 
498.2 
242.1 
304.6 
646.3 
624.9 
341.1 
362.6 
238.8 
285.2 
228.0 
259.0 
97.1 
123.7 


1,117,413 
1.279,823 

+14.6 
583,270 
686, 010 
+17.6 
10,690 
13,484 
171, 749 
210, 675 
71,515 
87,303 
99,257 
106, 771 
62, 461 
76, 173 
39,112 
46,163 
70,427 
87,864 
12, 144 
14,664 


1,771.3 
2,038.0 

+15.1 
1,913.4 
2.236.6 

+16.9 
1. 979. 6 
2,460.1 
2,703.0 
3, 101. 6 
1,640.9 
1,902.2 
2, 636. 3 
2, 722. 1 
1,200.0 
1, 498. 9 
1,452.9 
1, 781. 6 
1, 608. 4 
1,890.2 

667.6 

835.0 


6,677 

7,055 

+7.3 

3,217 

3,627 

+12.7 

39 

38 

720 

860 

651 

702 

360 

362 

656 

666 

336 

377 

276 

391 

102 

109 


10,4 
11.2 

+7.7 
10.6 
11.8 
+11.3 
7.2 
6.9 
11.3 
12.7 
11.9 
16.3 
9.3 
9.2 
10.7 
11.1 
12.5 
14.6 
5.9 
8.4 
5,6 
6.2 




South Atlantic <--. .. 


1969 
1970 


30,484,000 
30, 671, 337 






1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 


540,000 

548,104 

6, 364, 000 

6, 789, 443 

4,641,000 

4, 689, 575 
3,766,000 
3, 922, 399 

5, 205, 000 

6, 082, 059 
2, 692, 000 
2. 590, 516 
4, 669, 000 
4,548,494 
1,819,000 
I, 744, 237 


Florida. 












West Vu-ginia 




East South Central 


1969 
1970 


13, 107, 000 
12,804,662 


193, 239 
219,448 
+13.6 
66,647 
64,249 
63, 746 
61, 967 
17, 476 
19. 141 
66,371 
74, 101 


1,474.3 
1,713.8 
+16.2 
1. 676. 
1. 866. 4 
1, 662. 9 
1, 924. 6 
740.6 
863.4 
1, 666. 6 
1,888.3 


27,176 
32, 103 
+18.1 
8,842 
10,186 
6,746 
7,167 
3,364 
3,974 
9,236 
10, 787 


207.3 
260.7 
+20.9 
260.4 
296.7 
177.8 
222.3 
142.1 
179.3 
231.7 
274.9 


166,063 
187, 345 
+12.8 
46, 806 
64,064 
48,000 
64,800 
14,122 
16, 167 
67, 136 
63,314 


1, 267. 
1, 463. 1 
+16.6 
1, 326. 6 
1,669.7 
1.486.1 
1, 702. 2 
698.4 
684.1 
1,433.8 
1.613.4 


1,396 
1,362 
-2.4 
486 
404 
336 
367 
192 
266 
382 
346 


10.6 
10.6 






1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 


3,631,000 
3, 444, 166 
3, 232, 000 
3, 219, 311 
2, 260, 000 

2, 216, 912 

3, 986, 000 
3,924,164 


13.7 
11.7 
10.4 
11.1 
8.1 
11.6 
9.6 
8.8 










West South Central 


1969 
1970 


19, 496, 000 
19, 322, 468 


426,948 
471, 341 
+ 10.4 
28,296 
30,846 
73,644 
87.606 
43.020 
49.929 
282.089 
302. 961 


2, 190. 
2,439.3 
+11.4 
1.418.3 
1,603.8 
1,963.8 
2. 404. 7 
1,676.2 

1, 960. 9 

2, 621. 6 
2, 706. 8 


68,868 
64,873 
+ 10.2 
4,390 
4,276 
13, 492 
16,063 
4,662 
6,061 
36, 334 
40,473 


302.0 
336.7 
+11.2 
220.1 
222.3 
360.3 
413.6 
181.2 
197.8 
324.8 
361.6 


368,080 
406,468 
+ 10.4 
23,906 
26,669 
60,062 
72,643 
38.368 
44,868 
246,766 
262,488 


1,888.1 
2.103.6 
+11.4 
1. 198. 2 
1,381.4 
1,603.6 
1, 991. 2 
1, 494. 1 
1. 763. 2 
2, 196. 8 
2.344.3 


1,966 

2,066 

+6.1 

197 

196 

366 

426 

148 

161 

1.264 

1,294 


10.1 
10.7 
+6.9 

9.9 
10.1 

9.6 
11.7 

6.8 

6.9 
11.3 
11.6 






1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 


1, 996, 000 

1, 923, 296 
3, 746, 000 
3,641,180 
2,668,000 

2, 669, 26t 
11,187,000 
11,196,730 






Teias 





See footnotes at end of table. 



68 



Geographic Divhions and Sfate, 1969-70 — Continued 

inhabitants; percent change over 1969] 



Forcible rape 


Robbery 


A ggravatcd assault 


Burglary 


Larceny $50 and over 


Auto theft 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 




100,000 




100,000 




100,000 




100,000 




100,000 




100,000 


2, 418 


14.9 


14,272 


88.2 


14,922 


92.3 


121,890 


753.6 


99,104 


612.7 


56,758 


350.9 


2,402 


14.7 


16,279 


99.7 


15,640 


95.8 


130, 246 


797.9 


113,624 


696.0 


54,543 


334.1 


-.7 


-1.3 


+14.1 


+13.0 


+4.8 


+3.8 


+6.9 


+6.9 


+14.7 


+13.6 


-3.9 


-4.8 


178 


6.4 


622 


22.4 


1,070 


38.8 


13,603 


489.1 


14,882 


635.1 


4,937 


177. S 


175 


6.2 


804 


28.6 


1,208 


42.8 


14,331 


507.3 


19,031 


673.7 


4,945 


175.0 


350 


15.1 


1,271 


54.8 


2,171 


93.6 


16,091 


693.3 


16, 701 


676.6 


5,291 


22ao 


325 


14.5 


1,689 


75.1 


2,440 


108.5 


19,829 


881.7 


18,053 


802.7 


5,772 


266.6 


424 


11.5 


3,016 


81.5 


1,744 


47.1 


28,836 


779.4 


26,633 


717.1 


14,220 


384.3 


369 


9.7 


3,389 


89.1 


1,949 


51.2 


30, 507 


801.7 


30, 592 


804.0 


13,153 


345.7 


1,270 


27.3 


8,483 


182.4 


8,022 


172.5 


52,037 


1,118.8 


29, 896 


642.8 


26,906 


578.5 


1,283 


27.4 


9,393 


200.8 


7,811 


167.0 


53, 184 


1, 137. 


32,003 


684.2 


25,156 


537.8 


98 


6.8 


761 


61.8 


1,417 


97.8 


6,989 


482.3 


7,109 


490.6 


4,122 


284.6 


138 


9.3 


850 


57.3 


1,699 


114.5 


7,486 


504.6 


7,964 


536.7 


4,331 


291.9 


25 


4.1 


44 


7.2 


150 


24.4 


1,533 


249.3 


2,264 


368.1 


686 


95.1 


38 


6.2 


40 


6.5 


130 


21.0 


1,769 


286.4 


2,685 


434.6 


562 


91.0 


73 


11.1 


86 


12.9 


339 


51.4 


2,801 


425.0 


2,719 


412.6 


698 


105.9 


74 


11.1 


114 


17.1 


403 


60.6 


3,140 


471.3 


3,296 


494.7 


624 


93.7 


10,749 


17.0 


70,764 


112.2 


117,676 


186.6 


528,284 


837.4 


395, 138 


626.3 


193.991 


307.5 


11,331 


18.0 


81.793 


130.2 


127,261 


202.7 


603, 288 


960.7 


471,0% 


750.2 


205,439 


327.1 


+6.4 


+5.9 


+15.6 


+16.0 


+8.1 


+8.7 


+14.2 


+14.7 


+19.2 


+19.8 


+6.9 


+6.4 


5,448 


17.9 


44,941 


147.4 


66, 116 


216.9 


274, 114 


899.2 


207, 759 


681.5 


101,397 


332.6 


5,527 


18,0 


51,674 


168.5 


69,636 


227.0 


320,086 


1,043.6 


259, 736 


846.8 


106, 189 


346.2 


+1.5 


+.6 


+15.0 


+14.3 


+6.3 


+4.7 


+16.8 


+16.1 


+25.0 


+24.3 


+4.7 


+4.1 


67 


12.4 


614 


113.7 


556 


103.0 


4,391 


813.1 


3,824 


708.1 


2,475 


458.3 


92 


16.8 


559 


102.0 


714 


130.3 


5,366 


979.0 


5,133 


936.5 


2,985 


644.6 


1,347 


21.2 


10,345 


162.8 


16, 999 


267.6 


86,308 


1,358.3 


61,110 


961.8 


24,331 


382.9 


1,509 


22.2 


12,636 


186.1 


18, 819 


277.2 


106,036 


1, 661. 8 


77,609 


1, 143. 1 


26,930 


396.6 


794 


17.1 


2,895 


62.4 


6,995 


150.7 


32, 555 


701.5 


26,288 


566.4 


12,672 


273.0 


740 


16.1 


4,396 


95.8 


8,139 


177. 3 


41,301 


899.9 


31,838 


693.7 


14,164 


308.6 


1,125 


29.9 


11,086 


294.4 


11,734 


311.7 


41, 970 


1. 114. 7 


34,976 


929.0 


22,311 


592.6 


936 


23.9 


13,280 


338.6 


9,934 


253.3 


41,234 


1,051.2 


44,059 


1,123.3 


21,478 


547.6 


602 


11.6 


2,111 


40.6 


14,486 


278.3 


29,429 


565.4 


25,256 


485.2 


7,776 


149.4 


640 


12.6 


2,502 


49.2 


14,716 


289.6 


36,011 


708.6 


32,609 


639.7 


7,653 


160.6 


360 


13.4 


1,345 


50.0 


4,388 


163.0 


19, 293 


716.7 


13,667 


507.7 


6,162 


228.6 


444 


17.1 


1,656 


60.0 


5,011 


193.4 


23,466 


905.8 


16,302 


629.3 


6,385 


246.5 


690 


14.8 


3,645 


78.1 


6,032 


129.2 


31,266 


669.7 


26,272 


562.7 


12,889 


276.1 


717 


15.4 


4,276 


92.0 


6,666 


143.2 


37,448 


805.6 


36, 692 


787.2 


13,824 


297.4 


93 


6.1 


347 


19.1 


1,224 


67.3 


6,870 


322.7 


4,720 


259.5 


1,654 


85.4 


116 


67 


476 


27.3 


1,467 


83.5 


6,777 


388.6 


6,176 


3510 


1,612 


92.4 


1,684 


12.1 


7,026 


53.6 


17, 172 


131.0 


77,628 


591.6 


58,366 


448.3 


30,169 


230.2 


1,883 


14.7 


7,714 


60.2 


21,144 


166.1 


88,386 


690.3 


67, 023 


623.4 


31,936 


249.4 


+18.9 


+2L6 


+9.8 


+12.3 


+23.1 


+26.0 


+14.0 


+16.7 


+14.8 


+17.6 


+6.9 


+8.3 


494 


14.0 


1,448 


41.0 


6,416 


181.7 


23, 168 


666.8 


17,602 


498.5 


6,046 


171.2 


637 


18.6 


1,731 


60.3 


7,413 


216.2 


26,283 


763.1 


20,085 


583.2 


7,696 


223.6 


370 


11.4 


2,236 


69.2 


2,803 


86.7 


18,399 


669.3 


18,422 


670.0 


11, 179 


346.9 


441 


13.7 


2,344 


72.8 


4,016 


124.7 


22,662 


703.9 


20,988 


681.9 


11,150 


346.3 


216 


9.1 


345 


14.6 


2,602 


110.3 


7,479 


316.9 


4,921 


208.8 


1,722 


73.0 


198 


8.9 


421 


19.0 


3,100 


139.8 


7,786 


361. 2 


6,645 


264.6 


1,737 


78.4 


605 


12.7 


2,996 


76.2 


6,352 


134.3 


28,492 


716.0 


17,421 


437.2 


11,223 


281.6 


607 


16.5 


3,218 


82.0 


6,616 


168.6 


31,666 


806.7 


20,305 


617.4 


11.383 


289.3 


3,717 


19.1 


18, 798 


96.4 


34,388 


176.4 


176,642 


906.1 


129, 013 


661.8 


62,426 


320.2 


3,921 


20.3 


22, 406 


116.0 


36,481 


188.8 


194, 817 


1,008.2 


144,337 


747.0 


67,314 


348.4 


+6.5 


+6.3 


+ 19.2 


+20.3 


+6.1 


+7.0 


+10.3 


+11.3 


+11.9 


+12.9 


+7.8 


+8.8 


347 


17.4 


886 


44.4 


2,961 


148 4 


11,717 


687.3 


10,168 


509.7 


2,020 


101.3 


328 


17.1 


877 


46.6 


2,876 


149.6 


13, 176 


686.1 


11,297 


587.4 


2,096 


109.0 


829 


22.1 


3,843 


102.6 


8,464 


226.0 


26, 013 


694.6 


21, 899 


684.8 


12,140 


324.2 


841 


23.1 


6,131 


140.8 


8,666 


237.8 


32, 426 


890.0 


26,101 


716.4 


14,016 


384.7 


366 


14.3 


1,248 


48.6 


2,890 


112.5 


17,667 


687.6 


14, 614 


565.2 


6,197 


241.3 


400 


16.6 


1,378 


63.8 


3,132 


122.4 


20,303 


793.3 


17,616 


684.4 


7,049 


275.4 


2,176 


19.4 


12,822 


114.6 


20,073 


179.4 


121, 256 


1, 083. 9 


82,432 


736.9 


42,068 


376.0 


2,362 


21.0 


15, 019 


134.1 


21, 808 


194.8 


128,912 


1, 161. 3 


89, 423 


798.7 


44,163 


394.3 



69 



Table 3. — Index of Crime by Regions, 

[Number and rate per 100,000 



Percent change.. 
Mountain 



Percent change.. 
Arizona 



Colorado 

Idaho 

Montana 

Nevada 

New Mexico. 

Utah 

Wyoming 



Percent change.. 
Alaska 



California 

Hawaii 

Oregon 

Washington. 



1969 
1970 



1969 
1970 



1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 



1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 
1969 
1970 



33,974,000 
34,809,359 



8, 021, 000 
8, 283, 686 



1,693,000 

1,772,482 

2, 100, 000 

2, 207, 259 

718,000 

713, 008 

694, 000 

694, 409 

467, 000 

488, 738 

994, 000 

1,016,000 

1,045,000 

1, 059, 273 

320, 000 

332, 416 



25, 953, 000 
26, 525, 774 



282,000 

302, 173 

19, 443, 000 

19, 953. 134 

794, 000 

769, 913 

2, 032, 000 

2, 091, 385 

3, 402, 000 

3, 409, 169 



Total Crime Index 



1,199,761 
1,309,313 

+9.1 
209, 348 
245, 573 
+17.3 
62, 233 
61, 066 
63, 532 
80,834 
10, 874 



728 



10, 330 
11.366 
16, 221 
19, 531 
28, 562 
29, 113 
22, 762 
25, 134 
4,834 
5,801 



990,413 

1, 063, 740 

+7.4 

7,462 

8,130 

804, 483 

859, 373 

23, 094 

26, 148 

53, 877 

62,476 

101, 607 

107, 613 



3,531.4 
3,761.4 

+6.5 
2, 610. 
2,964.6 
+13.6 
3, 085. 2 

3. 445. 2 

3. 025. 3 
3, 662. 2 
1, 614. 6 
1, 785. 1 
1, 488. 6 
1,636.8 
3, 549. 5 
3, 996. 2 
2, 873. 4 
2, 866. 6 
2, 178. 2 
2,372.8 
1, 510. 6 
1, 745. 1 



Violent crime * 



123,621 
132,287 

+7.0 
19, 665 
22,849 
+16.2 
5,742 
6,564 
6,275 
7,874 



1,642 
1,948 
2,772 
2,975 
1,460 
1,459 



376 



380.0 

+4.4 
245.2 
276.8 
+12.5 
339.2 
370.3 
298.8 
356.7 
112.3 
123.3 
98.3 
111.5 
359.3 



139.7 
137.7 



Property crime - 



1,076,140 
1,177,026 

+9.4 
189,683 
222, 724 
+17.4 
46, 491 
54, 502 
57, 257 
72,960 
10,068 
11,849 

9,648 
10, 592 
14, 579 
17, 683 
25, 790 
26, 138 
21, 302 
23, 675 

4,548 

5,425 



3, 167. 5 
3,381.3 

+6.7 

2. 364. 8 
2, 688. 7 

+ 13.7 
2, 746. 1 

3. 074. 9 

2, 726. 6 
3, 305. 5 
1,402.2 
1,661.8 
1, 390. 2 

1, 525. 3 
3, 190. 2 

3, 597. 6 

2, 594. 6 
2, 572. 6 
2, 038. 5 
2, 235. 
1, 421. 3 
1,632.0 



,816.2 
, 010. 2 
+5.1 
1, 642. 6 
1, 690. 5 
, 137. 6 
, 307. 



1, 651. 4 
1,987.3 



103, 956 

109, 438 

+5.3 



684 
938 
4,527 
5,373 
8,243 
7,546 



400.6 
412.6 
+3.0 
221.3 
278.0 
462.3 
474.8 
86.1 
121.8 
222.8 
256.9 
242.3 
221.3 



886, 457 

954, 302 

+7.7 

6,828 

7,290 

714, 605 

764, 632 

22, 410 

25, 210 

49, 350 

67, 103 

93,264 

100,067 



3, 415. 6 
3, 597. 6 
+5.3 
2,421.3 
2, 412. 5 
3, 675. 4 
3, 832. 1 
2, 822. 4 
3, 274. 4 
2,428.6 
2, 730. 4 
2,741.4 
2,935.2 



Murder and nonneg- 
ligent man.slaughter 



Number Rate per 
100,000 



2,062 
2,211 

+7.2 



1,386 
1,376 



' Population for each state for 1969 is Bureau of the Census provisional estimate as of July 1 and 1970 is decennial census. 

' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny $50 and over, and auto 



70 



Geographic Divisions and Sfate, 1969-70 — Continued 

inhabitants; percent cliange over 1969] 



Forcible rape 


Robbery 


Aggravated assault 


Burglary 


Larceny $60 and over 


Auto theft 


Number 
9,928 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


29.2 


51,583 


161.8 


60,048 


176.7 


488,243 


1,437.1 


399,849 


1.176.9 


188.048 


553.5 


10, 071 


28.9 


54.823 


1S7.S 


65, 182 


187.3 


536,686 


1,541.8 


441,842 


1,269.3 


198,498 


570.2 


+1.4 


-1.0 


+6.3 


+3.8 


+8.5 


+6.0 


+9.9 


+7.3 


+10.5 


+7.9 


+5.6 


+3.0 


1,664 


20.7 


6,267 


78.1 


11,320 


141.1 


82,578 


1,029.5 


76,346 


961.8 


30,760 


383.5 


1,906 


23.0 


7,509 


90.6 


12,881 


155.5 


97,424 


1, 176. 1 


89, 752 


1,083.5 


35,548 


429.1 


+14.5 


+11.1 


+19.8 


+16.0 


+13.8 


+10.2 


+18.0 


+14.2 


+17.6 


+13.8 


+15.6 


+11.9 


390 


23.0 


1,692 


99.9 


3,558 


210.2 


22, 053 


1,302.6 


17,012 


1,004.8 


7,426 


438.6 


478 


27.0 


2,130 


120.2 


3,788 


213.7 


26,464 


1,493.0 


19,155 


1,080.7 


8,883 


501.2 


605 


28.8 


2,324 


110.7 


3,234 


154.0 


23,798 


1, 133. 2 


22,812 


1,086.3 


10,647 


507.0 


795 


36.0 


2,849 


129.1 


4,093 


185.4 


30,481 


1,380.9 


29,491 


1,336.1 


12,988 


588.4 


72 


10.0 


120 


16.7 


600 


83.6 


4,236 


590.0 


4,888 


680.8 


944 


131.5 


88 


12.3 


146 


20.5 


612 


85.8 


4,803 


673.6 


6,018 


844.0 


1,028 


144.2 


77 


11.1 


154 


22.2 


426 


61.4 


3,899 


561.8 


4,251 


612.6 


1,498 


216.9 


73 


10.5 


155 


22.3 


524 


75.5 


4,123 


593.7 


4,929 


709.8 


1,540 


221.8 


94 


20.6 


781 


170.9 


726 


158.9 


6,245 


1,366.5 


5,774 


1,263.6 


2,560 


660.2 


96 


19.6 


921 


188.4 


888 


181.7 


8,116 


1,660.6 


6,238 


1,276.3 


3,229 


660.7 


242 


24.3 


633 


63.7 


1,836 


184.7 


11,672 


1, 174. 2 


10, 111 


1,017.2 


4,007 


403.1 


220 


21.7 


672 


66.1 


1,988 


195.7 


11, 598 


1, 141. 5 


10, 557 


1,039.1 


3,983 


392.0 


147 


14.1 


512 


49.0 


775 


74.2 


8,867 


848.5 


9,324 


892.2 


3,111 


297.7 


115 


10.9 


563 


53.1 


745 


70.3 


9,692 


915.0 


10,633 


1,003.8 


3.350 


316.3 


37 


11.6 


51 


15.9 


165 


51.6 


1,808 


565.0 


2,173 


679.1 


567 


177.2 


41 


12.3 


73 


22.0 


243 


73.1 


2,147 


645.9 


2,731 


821.6 


547 


164.6 


8,264 


31.8 


45, 316 


174.6 


48,728 


187.8 


405, 665 


1,563.1 


323,504 


1,246.6 


167,288 


606.0 


8,165 


30.8 


47,314 


178.4 


52, 301 


197.2 


439, 262 


1,656.0 


352,090 


1,327.4 


162,960 


614.3 


-1.2 


-3.1 


+4.4 


+2.2 


+7.3 


+5.0 


+8.3 


+5.9 


+8.8 


+6.6 


+3.6 


+1.4 


83 


29.4 


190 


67.4 


321 


113.8 


2,455 


870.6 


2,705 


969.2 


1,668 


691.6 


79 


26.1 


217 


71.8 


507 


167.8 


2,387 


789.9 


3,237 


1,071.2 


1,666 


561.3 


7,053 


36.3 


39,240 


201.8 


42,199 


217.0 


325,891 


1, 676. 1 


256,771 


1,320.6 


131,943 


678.6 


7,005 


35.1 


41,277 


206.9 


45,083 


225.9 


349,788 


1, 753. 


277,330 


1,389.9 


137, 514 


689.2 


97 


12.2 


282 


36.5 


278 


35.0 


10,360 


1,304.8 


7,795 


981.7 


4,255 


535.9 


91 


11.8 


487 


63.3 


332 


43.1 


11, 211 


1, 456. 1 


9,525 


1, 237. 2 


4,474 


581.1 


371 


18.3 


1,760 


86.6 


2,315 


113. 9 


22,853 


1, 124. 7 


20,026 


985.5 


6,471 


318.5 


377 


18.0 


2,144 


102.5 


2,755 


131.7 


26,632 


1, 273. 4 


23,510 


1, 124. 1 


6,961 


332.8 


660 


19.4 


3,844 


113.0 


3,615 


106.3 


44,106 


1, 296. 5 


36,207 


1,064.3 


12,951 


380.7 


613 


18.0 


3,189 


93.5 


3,624 


106.3 


49,244 


1,444.5 


38,488 


1, 129. 


12,335 


361.8 



3 Offense totals based on all reporting agencies and estimates for unreported areas. 
' Includes the District of Columbia. 



71 



Table 4. — Index of Crimt by Stafe, 1970 



ALABAMA 

standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actuallyreporting 

Estimated total -- 

Other cities.- 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



ALASKA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area,,. 
Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Slate total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



ARIZONA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, 

Area actually reporting... 

Estimated total 

Other cities,.. 

Area actually reporting .,, 

Estimated total .,. 

Rural .,, 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total .,. 

Stale total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants. 



ARKANSAS 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area, 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities,. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



CALIFORNIA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting .., 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Rural. 

Area actually reporting 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,801,098 
86. 8% 
100. 0% 
644, 894 
69. 7% 
100. 0% 
1, 098, 176 
33. 3% 
100. 0% 
3,444,165 



None 
86,069 
100. 0% 
216, 114 
100. 0% 
302, 173 



1, 320, 164 
99. 8% 
100. 0% 
174, 706 
97. 0% 
100. 0% 
277,623 
66. 9% 
100. 0% 
1,772,482 



696, 030 
93. 9% 
100. 0% 
474, 692 
66.0% 
100. 0% 
863,673 
37. 6% 
100. 0% 
1,923,296 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



18, 600, 006 
100. 0% 
591, 801 
100. 0% 
861, 327 
100. 0% 

19,953,134 



44, 314 

47,486 



5,864 
9,829 



6,936 
64,249 

1,866.4 



3,676 
8,130 



61, 693 
61,804 



6,167 
6,329 



61,066 
3, 446. 2 



16, 926 
17,610 

4,978 
7,642 

2,181 
6,793 
30,845 



816, 642 

20, 872 

21, 869 
859,373 
4, 307. 



6,130 
6,614 



1,652 

1,006 
3,019 
10, 185 

296.7 



6,668 
6,566 



6,564 
370.3 



2,434 
2,666 



4,276 
222.3 



92, 111 

1,363 

1,277 
94,741 

474.8 



Prop- 
erty! 
crime 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



39,184 
41,971 

4,879 
8,177 

1,303 
3,916 
54,064 

1, 669. 7 



3,322 
7,290 

2, 412. 6 



46, 136 
46,238 

4,566 

4,699 

1,992 

3,665 

54,502 

3, 074. 9 



14, 492 
14, 966 



4,363 
6,696 



6,019 
26,569 
1,381.4 



724, 631 

19, 619 

20,682 
764,632 
3, 832. 1 



Larceny Auto 

$60 and theft 

over 



1,278 
1,347 



1,731 
60.3 



2,130 

120.2 



3,339 
3,601 



2,416 
7,413 



3,046 
3,060 



3,788 
213.7 



1,646 
1,625 



2,876 
149.6 



18,906 
20,291 



26,283 
763.1 



1,268 
2,387 



22,828 
22, 867 



1,600 
26,464 
1, 493. 



7,013 
7,264 



2,283 
3,469 



2,463 
13, 176 

686.1 



7,005 
36.1 



242 
41,277 
206.9 



45,083 

226.9 



10, 306 
349,788 
1,753.0 



72 



Table 4. — Index of Crime by State, 1970 — Continued 



COLORADO 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total _ 

State total.— 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 



CONNECTICUT 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Rural. 

Area actually reporting 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



DELAWARE 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting. _ 

Rural - - 

Area actually reporting 

State total - 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



FLORIDA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total , 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



GEORGIA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area- 
Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural. 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total 

State total. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1, 681, 739 
100. 0% 
239, 879 
93. 7% 
100. 0% 
385, 641 
77.3% 
100. 0% 
2,207,259 



2, 685, 163 
97.3% 
100.0% 
171, 661 
100.0% 
276, 413 
100.0% 

3,032,217 



386, 866 
100.0% 
42, 867 
100. 0% 
119,381 
100. 0% 
548,104 



99.2% 
100. 0% 
712,836 
94.0% 
100.0% 
1,419,616 
64.6% 
100. 0% 
6,789,443 



2, 280, 230 
96.1% 
100.0% 
671,679 
67. 3% 
100.0% 
1, 637, 666 
33.2% 
100. 0% 
4,589,575 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



3,684 

4,638 

80,834 

3,662.2 



70,883 
72,168 



2,932 
78,076 
2, 674. 9 



1,463 
14,887 

2, 716. 1 



196, 649 
198, 007 

20,890 
22, 213 

16,607 
24,179 
244,399 



70,903 
73, 158 



16, 375 
101,279 

2, 206. 7 



563 
7,874 
356.7 



4,783 
4,833 



5,167 
170.4 



1,403 

266.0 



27,497 
27,641 



2,412 
2,664 



3,619 
33,824 

498.2 



1,227 
1,822 

1,368 
4,126 
13, 976 
304.5 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



5,777 
6,166 

3,149 

4,075 

72, 960 

3, 306. 6 



66,100 
67, 325 



2,789 
72, 909 
2, 404. 5 



1.302 
13,484 
2, 460. 1 



169, 162 
170, 366 

18,478 
19,649 

13,271 
20, 660 
210,575 
3, 101. 6 



63,060 
65, 129 

7,356 
10, 924 

3,730 
11,250 
87, 303 

1,902.2 



Mtu-der 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



1,108 
1,113 



1,509 

22.2 



2,849 
129.1 



2,014 
2,028 



2,136 
70.4 



11,187 
11,241 



12,636 
186.1 



4,395 

96.8 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



339 

340 

440 

4,093 

186.4 



2,428 
2,460 



2,649 

87.4 



14,692 
14,674 



1,664 
1,662 



2,493 
18,819 

277.2 



3,334 
3,443 



1,418 

1,087 
3,278 
8,139 
177.3 



26, 780 

1,696 
1,809 

1,462 

1,892 

30,481 

1,380.9 



29, 162 
29, 703 



1,769 
32.874 
1, 084. 2 



5,366 
979.0 



83,411 
83,961 

9,637 
10,248 

7,634 
11,827 
106,036 

1,661.8 



29, S81 
30, 497 

3,130 
4,648 

2,041 
6,156 
41,301 



Larceny 

$60 and 

over 



3,623 
3,760 

1,409 

1,823 

29,491 

1,336.1 



23,081 
23,694 



1,020 



5,133 

936.5 



62, 610 
63, 117 



7,163 
7,649 



77,609 
1, 143. 1 



22,304 
23,138 



1,237 
3,731 
31,838 



73 



439-758 O - 11 - 6 



Table 4. — Index of Crime by Sfafe, 1970 — Continued 



HAWAU 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area... 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total. 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total _ 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants. 



IDAHO 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting. 

Other cities. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



ILLINOIS 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total. 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



INDIANA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total.. 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total 

Rural.. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



IOWA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities , 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



630, 628 
100.0% 
54, 380 
61.2% 
100.0% 
89,005 
70.5% 
100.0% 
769, 913 



8, 903, 065 
96.9% 
100.0% 
930, 345 
81.5% 
100.0% 
1,280,566 
63.6% 
100. 0% 
11,113,976 



1,006,669 
97.8% 
100.0% 
736,317 
85.1% 
100.0% 
1, 083, 155 
79.7% 
100.0% 
2,825,041 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



26,148 

3, 396. 2 



6,475 
6,641 

3,294 

3,653 

12,728 

1, 785. 1 



232,884 
237,945 

10, 740 
13, 177 

6,197 

9,736 

260,858 

2, 347. 1 



12,931 
14,184 

9,681 

9,844 

117,923 

2, 270. 6 



21, 766 
22,228 

9,035 
10,617 

6,138 

7,703 

40,548 

1,435.3 



48,984 
49, 523 



1,214 
1,489 



52,006 

467.9 



9,832 
9,937 



11,714 

225.5 



1,488 
1,509 



2,2il 

79.3 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



1,010 
25,210 

3, 274. 4 



6,136 

6,199 

3,040 

3,371 

11,849 

1, 661. 8 



183,900 
188,422 



11,688 

6,564 

8,742 

208,852 

1,879.2 



82,340 



11,937 
13,094 

9,005 

9,157 

106, 209 

2, 045. 



20,278 
20, 719 

8,620 
10, 129 

5,943 

7,469 

38,307 

1,366.0 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



2,059 
2,092 



2,270 

20.4 



27,168 
27,340 



27,908 

251.1 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



222 


2,268 


224 


2,291 


184 


1,489 


204 


1,651 


612 


4,803 


85.8 


673.6 



18,765 
19,090 



20,762 

186.8 



6,110 


3,748 


33, 799 


6,149 


3,804 


34,411 


287 


624 


4,518 


315 


684 


4,956 


118 


464 


5,210 


120 


462 


6,297 


5,584 


4,950 


44,664 


107.6 


95.3 


860.0 



11,211 

1,456. 1 



73,808 
75, 625 



4,160 
5,104 



85, 067 

765.4 



654 


6,882 


666 


7,009 


316 


3,216 


370 


3,779 


137 


2,823 


172 


3,543 


1,208 


14,331 


42.8 


607.3 



74 



Table 4. — Index of Crime by State, 1970 — Continued 



KANSAS 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total. 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Slate total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



KENTUCKY 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 



LOUISIANA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State toUl 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 



MAINE 

tandard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

D ther cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

•tate total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



MARYLAND 

tandard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

)ther cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

ural 

Area actually reporting 

itatetoUl 

Rate per 100,000 hihabitants 



951,592 
100.0% 
619, 252 

99.6% 
100.0% 
678, 227 

94.3% 

100.0% 

2,249,071 



1, 288, 084 
100. 0% 
584,885 
99. 7% 
100. 0% 
1, 346, 342 
98. 9% 
100. 0% 
3,219,311 



1,998,071 
97.4% 
100.0% 
448, 768 
78. 9% 
100.0% 
1, 196, 341 
49. 6% 
100.0% 
3,643,180 



283,807 
97. 1% 
lOO. 0% 
398, 999 
88.3% 
100. 0% 
310, 857 
100.0% 
993, 663 



3,307,337 
99.8% 
100.0% 
146, 262 
98. 4% 
100.0% 
468,800 
100.0% 
3,922,399 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



11,848 
11,898 

5,725 
6,072 
48,215 

2. 143. 8 



10, 105 
10, 215 
61, 957 

1, 924. 5 



70,647 
71, 780 

5,036 
6,383 

4,675 

9,443 

87,606 

2, 404. 7 



4,103 
4,185 

3,968 
4,495 

2,664 
11,344 
1,141.6 



123,592 
123,814 

2,394 
2,433 

5,036 
131,283 
3, 347. 



1,273 
1,276 

1,684 
1,703 
7,157 
222.3 



11,406 
11,569 



1,027 

1,221 
2,467 
15,063 
413.5 



23,829 
23,852 



24,512 

624.9 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



10,947 
10,994 

5,281 

5,601 

43,654 

1,941.0 



8,421 

8,512 

54,800 

1, 702. 2 



59, 241 
60,211 

4,225 
5,356 

3,454 

6,976 

72,543 

1,991.2 



3,810 
3,888 



2,425 
10, 521 
1, 058. 8 



99,763 
99,962 

2,116 
2,151 

4,658 
106,771 

2,722.1 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



325 

14.6 



Larceny 

$50 and 

over 



1,689 
75.1 



2,344 

72.8 



4,719 
4,751 



6,131 
140.8 



2,440 

108.5 



1,022 
1,025 

1,196 
1,209 
4,015 
124.7 



5,847 
5,961 



1,907 
8,665 
237.8 



13,280 
338.6 



9,518 
9,532 



9,934 

253.3 



4,672 
4.692 

2,497 
2,648 
19,829 



3,385 
3,394 

4,722 
4,773 
22,662 
703.9 



26, 149 
26, 615 

2,081 
2,638 

1,671 
3,173 
32,426 
890.0 



1,844 
1,879 

1,8 
2,133 

1,576 

5,5 

562.4 



38,160 
38,212 



2,087 
41,234 

1,051.2 



10,106 
5,305 



2,619 
18, 053 

802.7 



2,847 
2,855 

2,681 
2,710 
20, 988 
651.9 



20,277 
20,637 

1,754 
2,224 

1,604 
3,240 
26, 101 

716.4 



1,320 
1,353 



1,317 

1,492 



3,481 
350.3 



40,873 
40,985 



2,103 
44,059 
1, 123. 3 



See footnotes at end of table. 



75 



Table 4. — Index of Crime by State, 1970 — Continued 



MASSACHUSETTS 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Stale total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 



MICHIGAN 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. . 

Area actually reporting ., 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

.A.rea actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants. 

MINNESOTA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total . _ _ 

Riu-al 

.\rea actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Stale total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



MISSISSIPPI 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total. 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Stale total 

Rate piT 100,000 inhabitants 



MISSOURI 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total . 

Stale total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Sec footnotes at end of tabic. 



5, 523, 413 
94. 3% 
100. 0% 
117,997 
91.3% 
100.0% 
47, 760 
100.0% 
5,689,170 



6, 806. 151 
95. 6% 
100.0% 
957, 837 
83.9% 
100.0% 
1,111,095 
94. 7% 
100.0% 
8,875,083 



2, 165, 029 
99.6% 
100.0% 
523, 660 
97. 4% 
100.0% 
1,116,380 
94. 8% 
100. 0% 
3,805,069 



393, 488 
76. 4% 

100. 0% 

614, 344 
79.5% 

100. 0% 

1, 209, 08» 

32. 7% 

100.0% 
2,216,912 



2, 997, 393 
97.2% 
100.0%, 
496, 769 
85.2% 
100.0% 
1, 183, 237 
55.2% 
100.0% 
4,677,399 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



159, 560 
166, 867 



3,353 
3,672 



170, 900 

3,004.0 



282, 872 
291,906 

16, 796 
20, 013 

12, 148 
12,823 
324,742 
3, 659. 



7,223 
7,413 



80, 034 

2, 103. 4 



5,066 
5,421 

8,132 
10,225 

1,142 
3,495 
19, 141 



112,118 
113,671 

6,353 
7,455 

4,525 

8,203 

129,329 

2, 765. 



II, 055 
11,390 



11,542 

202.9 



46, 276 

47, 217 



1,550 
1,847 



49,947 

562.8 



5,350 
5,355 



5,782 
152.0 



1,325 
3,974 
179.3 



17,399 
17, 514 



18,986 

405.9 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



148, 505 
155,477 



3,243 
3,551 



159,358 

2, 801. 1 



236, 596 
244,689 

15, 246 
18,166 

11,312 
11,940 
274,795 
3, 096. 3 



58,632 
58,797 



8,229 
74,252 

1,951.4 



4,602 
4,787 



6,529 
8,210 



2,170 
15, 167 



94, 719 

96, 157 

5,901 
6,924 

4,006 

7,262 

110,343 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



1,746 
1,788 



1,283 

27.4 



5,515 
5,634 



5,658 

99.5 



29,858 
30, 274 



30,921 
348.4 



3,299 
3,301 



9,113 
9,145 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



4,703 
4,893 



5,003 

87.9 



13,942 
14,416 



16,204 
182.6 



1,674 
1,676 



1,949 

51.2 



6,684 
6.75* 



7,811 
167.0 



Burglary 



1,715 
1,878 



64,523 
1,13^.1 



112, 862 
116,177 



8,921 

7,056 

7,448 

132,546 

1, 493. 5 



23,792 
23,841 



2,533 

3,917 
4,133 
30,507 
801.7 



277 


2,352 


396 


2,464 


1,340 


3,321 


1,685 


4,176 


333 


374 


1,019 


1,145 


3,100 


7,785 


139.8 


351.2 



45,259 
45, 916 



2,624 
3,079 



53,184 

1, 137. 



76 



Table 4. — Index of Crime by Sfafe, 1970 — Continued 



MONTANA 

standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities .- 

Area actually reporting _ 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total 

Slate total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



NEBRASKA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting t.. 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Hnral.... 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total. 

State total. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



NEVADA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area... 

Area actually reporting... 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total.. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total - 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting — 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting. 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



NEW JERSEY 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.. 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities - 

Area actually reporting , 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



169, 171 




100.0% 


4,442 


202,343 




94.9% 


3,466 


100.0% 


3,654 


322,895 




87.7% 


2,869 


100.0% 


3,270 


694.409 


11,366 



394,356 
93.9% 

100.0% 
37, 189 

100.0% 
57, 193 
89.4% 

100.0% 

488,738 



223,941 
96. 2% 
100.0% 
308,990 
92.9% 
100. 0% 
204.760 
100.0% 
737,681 



6,611,330 
100. 0% 

1,496,666 
100.0% 
160,268 
100.0% 

7,168,164 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



15,913 
16,042 



2,045 

2.974 

22,512 

1, 517. 2 



16, 115 
17,416 



1,281 

1,434 

19,531 

3,996.2 



2,207 
2,309 

4,363 
4.694 

1,796 

8,798 

1, 192. 7 



3,216 
196,709 
2, 744. 2 



2,378 
2,384 



2,731 

184.1 



1,657 
1,675 



20,583 

287.1 



Prop- 
erty" 
crime 



3,302 
3,481 

2,586 

2,948 

10,692 

1, 625. 3 



13,535 
13,658 

3,125 
3,314 

1,931 

2,809 

19,781 

1,333.1 



14,558 
15, 741 

618 

1,094 
1,224 
17,683 

3, 597. 6 



2,086 
2,180 

4,167 
4,484 

1,721 

8.385 

1, 136. 7 



141,486 

31,669 

3,071 
176.126 

2,457.1 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



Forci- 
ble 
rape 



10,977 
1,119 



12,146 

169.4 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



1.437 
1,442 



1,699 
114.6 



7,099 
99.0 



Biu^lary 



1,076 
1,134 



4,931 
4,979 



1,176 
1,246 



1,261 
7,486 
504.5 



8,116 

1,660.6 



1,173 
4.172 
666.6 



89,979 

12,961 

1,709 
74.649 
1,041.4 



Larceny 

$60 and 

over 



1,730 
1,824 



1,246 
4,929 

709.8 



1,686 

932 
1,356 
7,964 
536.7 



4,816 
5,296 



1,701 
1,831 



46,468 

13,983 

1,079 
61,620 

868.2 



77 



Table 4. — Index of Crime by State, 1970 — Continued 



NEW MEXICO 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. . 

Area actually reporting. 

Otlier cities 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total 

Rural.-.. 

Area actually reporting.. 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



NEW YORK 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total. 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

State total... 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

NORTH CAROLINA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total. 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



NORTH DAKOTA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Slate total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



OHIO 

Standard MetropoUtan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural... 

Area actually reporting.. 

Estimated total 

Statetotal 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



316, 774 
100. 0% 
386, 017 
96. 2% 
100. 0% 
316, 209 
98.3% 
100.0% 
1,016,000 



16, 726, 064 
99. 2% 
100,0% 
960, 184 
93. 3% 
100.0% 
1, 514, 492 
100. 0% 
18,190,740 



1, 896, 423 
90.0% 
100.0% 
862, 148 
86.0% 
100.0% 
2,323,488 
41. 2% 
100.0% 
5,082,059 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



10, 697 
11,020 

2,746 
2,793 
29,113 

2,866.6 



680, 259 
682, 690 

13, 396 

14, 367 

16,406 
713,453 
3, 922. 1 



61, 327 
54,143 

16, 867 
19,842 

8,501 
20, 611 
94,596 
1,861.4 



73,663 




100.0% 


1,041 


189, 766 




100.0% 


2,683 


364,362 




81. 8% 


1,311 


100.0% 


1,603 


617,761 


5,227 



219,811 
224,536 



13, 876 
16,480 



13, 143 
253,158 



2,975 

292.8 



120, 479 
120, 650 



1,243 
1,332 



122, 976 

676.0 



8,415 

8,771 

3,692 
4,225 

2,238 
5,427 
18,423 



27,152 
27,546 



1,044 
30,279 
284.3 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



10,076 

2,346 
2,385 
26,138 

2, 672. 6 



569, 780 
662,040 

12,163 
13,025 

16, 412 
590,477 
3, 246. 



42,912 
46, 372 



13, 275 
15, 617 



15,184 
76, 173 

1, 498. 9 



1,215 
1,486 
5,016 
812.0 



12,363 
13,791 



222,879 

2,092.4 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



1,361 
1,364 



2,685 
2,691 



1,554 
1,682 



1,700 

16.0 



80,133 
80, 213 



80,641 
443.3 



2,502 
49.2 



14, 974 
16,096 



15,539 

145.9 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Burglary 



1,9 

196.7 



36,300 
36,382 



38,073 
209.3 



6,204 
6,458 

3,056 
3,596 

1,923 
4,663 
14,716 



1,142 
1,274 



12,341 

115.9 



4,262 
4,432 



241,070 
241,921 

5,305 
6,686 

9,665 
257,262 
1,414.2 



20,057 
21,343 

5,677 
6,561 

3,344 
8,107 
36,011 
708.6 



76,265 
78,076 

5,602 
6,249 

4,625 
6,629 
90,953 
853.9 



See footnotes at end of table. 



78 



Table 4. — Index of Crime by State, 1970 — Continued 



OKLAHOMA 

standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural - 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



OREGON 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total.. 

Rural 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



PENNSYLVANIA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area- 
Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total. 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



RHODE ISLAND 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

SUIe total.... 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



SOUTH CAROLINA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

O ther cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estunated total... 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



1, 280, 691 
100.0% 
346,952 
99.5% 
100.0% 
463, 742 
99.6% 
100.0% 
2,091,385 



100.0% 
176,200 
100.0% 
3,734 
100.0% 
949,723 



1,017,254 
97. 6% 
100.0% 
445,589 
78.3% 
100.0% 
1, 127, 673 
51. 6% 
100.0% 
2,590,516 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



34,632 
34,686 

7,940 
9,053 

3,906 

6,190 

49,929 

1,950.9 



7,903 
7,941 

6,087 

6,111 

62,476 

2, 987. 3 



150, 377 
159, 074 

9,094 
10,386 

12,321 
181,781 
1, 541. 3 



23,342 
4,195 



27,787 

2, 925. 8 



8,842 
11,294 

6,578 
12,756 
53,540 
2,066.8 



3,473 
3,477 



5,061 

197.8 



5,373 
256.9 



22,803 
23,535 



25,032 

212.2 



1,944 

204.7 



3,713 
3,770 



1,276 
1,630 



7,387 
285.2 



Prop- 
erty! 
crime 



31,159 
31,209 



8,306 

3,378 

5,353 

44,868 

1, 763. 2 



7,347 
7,383 

5,463 

5,485 

57, 103 

2, 730. 4 



127, 574 
135, 539 

8,453 
9,654 

11,556 
156,749 
1, 329. 1 



21, 732 
3,884 



25,843 

2, 721. 1 



25,235 
25,720 

7,666 
9,664 

6,653 
10, 769 
46, 153 
1, 781. 6 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Larceny 

$60 and 

over 



1,141 
1,182 



1,164 
1,155 



1,378 
53.8 



2,144 

102.5 



11,833 
12, 115 



12,499 

106.0 



1,125 
1,140 



1,555 

60.0 



1,8 
1,936 



3,132 

122.4 



1,846 

428 
430 

478 

480 

2,755 

131.7 



1,136 

119.6 



2,217 
2,256 



1,493 
5,011 
193.4 



14,533 
14,563 

2,875 
3,278 

1,560 
2,472 
20,303 
793.3 



3,109 
3,124 

2,739 

2,760 

26,632 

1, 273. 4 



55,171 
68,477 

3,691 
4,101 

7,608 
70,086 
594.3 



9,677 
1, 018. 9 



12,390 
12, 611 



3,669 
4,674 



3,187 
6,181 



10,976 
U,001 

3,620 
4,127 

1,607 
2,388 
17,516 
684.4 



3,476 
3,493 



23,510 

1, 124. 1 



36,200 
39, 137 

3,675 
4,197 

3,222 
46,556 
394.7 



8,008 
843. 2 



8,713 
8,932 

3,037 
3,879 

1,800 
3,491 
16,302 
629.3 



See footnotes at end of table. 



79 



Table 4. — Index of Crime by Sfate, 1970 — Continued 



SOUTH DAKOTA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total _ 

Rural - 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total -- --- 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



TENNESSEE 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area... 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities.-- - - 

Area actually reporting - 

Estimated total 

Rural - 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Slate total.- - 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants -. 



TEXAS 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting.- 

Estimated total -- 

Other cities--- 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total.. 

Rural - 

Area actually reporting, 

Estimated total 

SUtetoUl 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

UTAH 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities - 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitauts 

VERMONT 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 
Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

SUtetoUl 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



9S,209 
•00.0% 
ilO, 622 

94.0% 
100.0% 
360, 426 

58.7% 
100.0% 
666,257 



1,917,569 
96.2% 
100.0% 
592, 403 
64.7% 
100.0% 
1,414,192 
23.4% 
100.0% 
3, 924, 164 



821,680 
98.4% 

100.0% 
78,966 
39.7% 

100.0% 

161,628 
69.0% 

100.0% 
1,059,273 



None 
209,214 

79. 67o 
100.0% 
236, 618 

97.7% 
100.0% 
444, 732 



3,244 
3,453 

1,709 

2,911 

7,676 

1, 152. 1 



56,383 
57,326 



5,031 

7,780 



74, 101 

1,888.3 



258, 024 
267, 993 

16,236 
18, 910 

8,756 
16,058 
302, 961 

2, 705. 8 



22,525 
22,778 



1,436 
25,134 

2, 372. 8 



2,425 
3,045 



2,699 
6,644 



7,665 
7,766 



10, 787 

274.9 



34,805 
35, 914 



1,642 
1,913 



40,473 
361.5 



1,333 
1,351 



1,459 

137.7 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



3,036 
3,232 

1,530 
2,606 
7,060 



48, 718 
49,560 



4,365 
6,751 



63,314 

1,613.4 



223,219 
232,079 



14.594 
16,997 



13,412 
262,488 
2, 344. 3 



21, 192 
21,427 



23,675 
2, 235. 



2,459 

2,817 

5,315 

1,195.1 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



1,033 
1,077 



1,294 
11.6 



2,352 

21.0 



2,721 


4,321 


24, 114 


2,735 


4,394 


24,602 


121 


493 


2,089 


187 


762 


3,231 


69 


341 


893 


296 


1,460 


3,823 


3,218 


6,616 


31,656 


82.0 


168.6 


806.7 



14, 244 
14,442 



15, 019 
134.1 



17,606 
18,364 



1,462 

1,081 
1,982 
21,808 
194.8 



1,221 
1,300 



1,354 
3,140 
471.3 



109,333 
113,642 

7,184 
8,367 

3,764 

6,903 

128,912 

1,151.3 



8,579 
8,670 



9,692 

915.0 



3,249 

730.6 



80 



Table 4. — Index of Crime by State, 1970 — Continued 



VIRGINIA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total. -. - 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting _ 

Estimated total 

Rural --- - 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State toUI 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants. 



WASfflNGTON 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural -. 

Area actually reporting __ 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

WEST VIRGINIA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

WISCONSIN 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.. 

Areaactuallyreportlng 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting... 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting.. 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

WYOMING 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 
Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

SUtetoUI. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



2, 846, 034 
97. 6% 
100. 0% 
406, 388 
95. 8% 
100.0% 
1,396,072 
99.5% 
100.0% 
4,648,494 



2,248,837 
99.7% 
100.0% 
516, 543 
94. 4% 
100.0% 
643, 789 
92. 3% 
100.0% 
3,409,169 



545,243 
93.6% 
100.0% 
325,385 
48.6% 
100.0% 
873, 609 
100.0% 
1,744,237 



2, 643, 177 
99.0% 
100.0% 
722, 410 
97. 5% 
100.0% 
1,152,346 
86. 1% 
100.0% 
4,417,933 



None 
190,297 

94.6% 
100.0% 
142, 119 

86.6% 
100.0% 
332,416 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



6,365 

6,642 

6,680 

99,904 

2, 149. 2 



80,246 
80,458 

14, 240 
15,092 

11,129 
12,063 
107,613 
3, 156. 6 



1,395 
2,870 

3,893 
16,722 

958.7 



48,385 
48,706 



8,212 

9,639 

66,907 

1,514.4 



3,663 
3,871 

1,672 

1,930 

5,801 

1,745.1 



9,630 
9,814 

1,027 
1,072 

1,146 
1,154 
12,040 

259.0 



5,859 
5,870 



7,546 
221.3 



1,064 
1,096 



2,158 

123.7 



3,086 
3,103 



3,792 

85.8 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



75,431 
77,045 



5,496 
5,526 
87, 864 



74,387 
74,688 

13,29<1 
14,095 

10,502 
11,384 
100,067 
2, 935. 2 



1,254 

2,580 

3,121 
14,664 
835.0 



45,299 
45,603 



8,114 
8,325 



9,187 
63,115 
1,428.6 



1,503 

1,735 

5,425 

1,632.0 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



3,927 
3,996 


4,868 
4,967 


31,862 
32,442 


156 
163 


804 
839 


2,125 
2,219 


116 

117 

4,276 

92.0 


845 

850 

6,656 

143.2 


2,772 
2,787 
37,448 
805.6 



2,855 
2,858 


2,441 
2,448 


37,651 
37,749 


224 
237 


649 
688 


5,207 
5,519 


87 

94 

3,189 

93.5 


450 

488 

3,624 

106.3 


5,513 

5,976 

49,244 

1,444.5 



1,303 
1,306 



1,462 
33.1 



1,467 

83.6 



1,514 
1,627 



1,946 
44.0 



Burglary 



1,747 
6,777 



15,092 
15,229 

3,079 
3,159 

4,652 
5,404 
23,792 
538.5 



1,424 
1,505 



2,147 
64S.9 



' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
2 Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny $50 and over, and auto theft. 

For standard metropolitan statistical areas in this table the percentage actually reporting may not coincide with the ratio between reported and estimated 
crime totals since these data represent the sum of such calculations for individual areas varying in size, portions reporting, and crime rates. 
Population is 1970 census. 



81 



Tabic 5. — Index of Crime, 1970, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas 



standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Total 
Crime 
Index 


Violent 1 
crime 


Prop- 
erty" 
crime 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Forc- 
ible 
rape 


2,084 


141 


1,943 


13 


12 


1,828.7 


123.7 


1, 705. 


11.4 


10.6 


20, 025 


1,982 


18,043 


37 


172 


20,068 


1,982 


18,086 


37 


172 


2,954.5 


291.8 


2,662.7 


5.4 


25.3 


10, 626 


822 


9,804 


20 


44 


1,474.2 


114.0 


1,360.2 


2.8 


6.1 


15,300 


1,622 


13,678 


23 


124 


4,845.2 


513.7 


4,331.6 


7.3 


39.3 


7,168 


616 


6,653 


13 


27 


7,449 


538 


6,911 


13 


28 


1,370.4 


99,0 


1,271.5 


2.4 


5.2 


1,250 


102 


1,148 


6 


10 


923.5 


75.4 


848.1 


4.4 


7.4 


4,330 


329 


4,001 


17 


17 


2, 998. 7 


227.8 


2. 770. 9 


11.8 


11.8 


60,942 


3,142 


47,800 


38 


311 


3, 586. 5 


221.2 


3. 365. 3 


2.7 


21.9 


1,669 


162 


1,607 


4 


15 


1,891 


176 


1,716 


4 


16 


1,365.8 


126.4 


1,239.4 


2.9 


11.6 


9,213 


728 


8,486 


S 


37 


9,264 


733 


8,631 


5 


37 


3,967.2 


313.1 


3,644.1 


2.1 


16.8 


3,318 


108 


3,210 




9 


1, 198. 3 


39.0 


1,169.3 




3.3 


48,622 


6,346 


43, 176 


281 


297 


49,594 


6,446 


44, 148 


2S4 


301 


3,667.6 


391.8 


3, 175. 7 


20.4 


21.7 


8,396 


630 


7,766 


9 


38 


4, 796. 6 


369.9 


4,436.6 


6.1 


21.7 


6,201 


847 


4,354 


66 


47 


2,062.0 


334.2 


1,717.8 


22.1 


18.6 



Burglary 



Abilene. Tex 

(Includes Taylor and Jones Counties.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Akron, Ohio 

(Includes Summit and Portage Coun- 
ties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Albany-Sclienectady-Troy, N. Y 

(Includes Albany, Rensselaer, Saratoga 
and Schenectady Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Albuquerque, N. Mei 

(Includes Bernalillo County.) 

Area actually reporting... 

Hate per 100,000 inhabitants. 

AUentown-Bethlehem-Easton, Pa.,-N.J_ . 
(Includes Lehigh and Northampton 
Coxmties, Pa. and Warren County, 
N.J.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Altoona, Pa 

(Includes Blair County.) 

Area actually reporting.. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Amarillo, Tex. 

(Includes Potter and Randall Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove, Calif. 
(Includes Orange County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants... 

Anderson, Ind.. 

(Includes Madison County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Ann Arbor, Mich 

(Includes Washtenaw County.) 

Area actually reporting... 

Estimated total.. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Appleton-OahlcoBh, Wis 

(Includes Calumet, Outagamie and 
Winnebago Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Atlanta, Ga 

(Includes Clayton, Cobb, De Kalb, 
Fulton and Gwinnett Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

AttanUc City, N.J 

(Includes Atlantic County.) 

Area actually reporting.. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Aaeusta, Ga.-S.C 

(Includes Richmond County, Oa. and 
Aiken County, S.C.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

See footnote at end of table. 



llS.flSS 

100.0% 
679, 239 



99.7% 
100. 0% 



720,786 

100. 0% 
315,774 
100. 0% 
543,551 



96. 3% 
100. 0% 



135,356 

100.0% 



144.396 

100.0% 



1,420,386 

100.0% 



91.9% 
100.0% 



100.0% 
276, 894 

100. 0% 
1,390,164 

97.3% 
100.0% 

175.043 

100.0% 
253,460 

100.0% 



50 


66 


43.9 


57.9 


839 


934 


839 


934 


123.5 


137.6 


389 


369 


64.0 


51.2 


466 


1,010 


147.3 


319.8 


158 


317 


167 


330 


30.7 


60.7 


24 


62 


17 7 


46.8 


111 


184 


76.9 


127.4 


1,333 


1,460 


93.8 


102.8 


44 


99 


49 


106 


35.4 


76.6 


346 


341 


347 


344 


148.2 


146.9 


27 


72 


9.8 


26.0 


2,670 


2,098 


2,700 


2,161 


194.2 


155.4 


414 


169 


236.6 


96.6 


222 


622 


87.6 


205.9 



6,513 
6,527 
960.9 



4,665 
647.2 



6,257 
1,981.5 



2,723 
2,830 
520.7 



1,826 
1, 263. 9 



22,828 
1,607.2 



4,612 

4,531 

1,936.6 



1,686 
672.4 



20,166 
20, 677 
1,480.2 



3,224 
1,841.8 



2,316 
913.4 



82 



Table 5. — Index of Crime, 1970, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas — Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Larceny 

$60 and 

over 



Anstiii, Tex 

(Includes Travis County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

BakersBeld, Calif. 

(Includes Kern County.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Baltimore, Md. 

(Includes Baltimore City and Anne 
Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, How- 
ard and Harford Counties.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Baton Rouge. La 

(Includes East Baton Rouge Parish.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Bay City, Mich.. 

(Includes Bay County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Beaumont-Port Arthur, Tei 

(Includes Jefferson and Orange Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Binghamton, N.Y.-PA. 

(Includes Broome and Tioga Counties, 
N.Y. and Susquehanna County, 
Pa.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Birmingham, Ala. 

(Includes Jefferson, Shelby and Walker 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Bloomington-Normal, Hi 

(Includes McLean County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Hate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Boise, Idaho. 

(Includes Ada County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Boston-Loweli-Lawrence, Mass 

(Includes Essex, Middlesex, Norfolk 
and Suffolk Counties.) 

Area actually reporting... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 hihabitants 

Bridgeport-Danbury-Nor walk-Stamford, 

Conn _. 

(Includes Fairfield County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Brockton, Mnaa 

(Includes Plymouth County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Brownsrilie-Hariingen-San Benito, Tei.. 
(Includes Cameron County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants... 

See footnote at end of table. 



295,616 

100.0% 



329, 162 

100.0% 
2,070,670 

100. 0% 

285,167 

100, 0% 

117,339 

98.9% 
100.0% 



80. 6% 
100.0% 



99.2% 
100. 0% 



91. 0% 
100.0% 



104,389 

100. 0% 



112.230 

100. 0% 
3,375,396 



94.9% 
100. 0% 



792,814 

100. 0% 



333,314 



84.6% 
100.0% 



140,368 

100.0% 



8,222 
2, 782. 3 



12,096 
3, 674. 8 



12, 348 
4, 330. 1 



7.979 
2. 625. 6 



3,902 
3,933 



18.923 
19, 796 
2.677.8 



2.634 
2,257.9 



100, 569 
104, 670 
3. 098. 



24.311 
3, 066. 4 



6.786 

7.968 

2. 390. 5 



2.987 
2, 128. 



1.483 
601.8 



20, 879 
1, 008. 3 



1.770 
620.7 



1,236 
1,338 
423.5 



2.641 
2,747 
371.6 



8,266 
8,450 
260.3 



1,460 
184.2 



6,739 
2, 280. 4 



11,239 
3,414.4 



69,606 
3,361.5 



10,578 
3, 709. 4 



1.240 

1,276 

1, 087. 4 



6,641 
2. 102. 



3,663 

3,692 

1,219.8 



16, 282 
17.049 
2, 306. 2 



1,534 
1,469.6 



2,279 
2, 030. 7 



92.293 
96. 120 
2.847.7 



6, 294 

7,422 

2. 226. 7 



2.716 
1, 934. 2 



11,687 
564.4 



4.631 
4.597 
136.2 



8,197 
395.9 



1,226 
429.6 



1,932 
2,004 
271.1 



3,101 
3,205 
95.0 



367 

398 

119.4 



4,202 
1,421.9 



27,983 
1,361.4 



6,665 
1, 948. 



3,366 

3,764 

1, 191. 4 



1,992 
2,004 
662.1 



6,793 
7,176 
970,7 



33,934 
35, 672 
1,053.9 



3.261 

3,744 

1, 123. 3 



1,491 
1. 062. 2 



1,369 
463.3 



4,991 
1.516.3 



27. 107 
1. 309. 1 



3,332 
1, 168. 4 



1,801 
2,170 



1,273 
1.284 
424.2 



6,112 
6.413 
867.5 



1.142 
1,017.6 



26,101 
27,339 
809.9 



2.010 
2,376 
712.6 



Table 5. — Index of Crime, 1970, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas — Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



Prop- 
erty! 
crime 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Buffalo, N.Y 

(Includes Erie and Niagara Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Canton, Ohio.. 

(Includes Stark County.) 

Area actually reporting... 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants.. 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa 

(Includes Linn County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Champaign-Urtana, III... 

(Includes Champaign County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants. 

Charleston, S.C... 

(Includes Charleston and Berkeley 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Charleston, W. Va 

(Includes Kanawha County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Charlotte. N.C 

(Includes Mecklenburg and Union 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants. 

Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ga 

(Includes Hamilton County, Tenn. and 
Walker County, Ga.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Chicago, III 

(Includes Cook, Du Page, Kane, Lake, 
McHenry and Will Counties.) 

Area actually reporting... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.-Ind. 

(Includes Hamilton, Clermont and 
Warren Counties, Ohio, and Camp- 
bell, Kenton and Boone Counties, 
Ky. and Dearborn County, Ind.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Cleveland. Ohio 

(Includes Cuyahoga, Lake. Oeauga and 
Medina Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total.. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Colorado Springs. Colo 

(Includes El Paso County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Colnmbia, S.C 

(Includes Lexington and Richland 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

See footnote nt end of tabic. 



1,349,211 

100. 0% 



372,210 

100.0% 



163, 213 

100. 0% 



163,281 

100.0% 
303,849 

100.0% 



89. 4% 
100. 0% 



97. 2% 
100.0% 



97. 8% 
100.0% 



100.0% 



235,972 

100.0% 
322,880 



96.4% 
100.0% 



32, 419 
2, 402. 8 



7,282 
1,956.4 



3,498 
2, 142. 3 



8,787 
1,891.9 



4,468 

4,979 

2, 169. 4 



16, 258 
3,971.5 



8,473 
2, 778. 7 



191,086 
194,621 
2, 788. 7 



32, 246 
32, 781 
2, 367. 



62, 444 
63,632 
3, 082. 7 



7,343 
3, 111. g 



9,142 
9,392 



3,706 
274.7 



2,527 
617.3 



43,843 
44,216 
633.6 



3,427 
3,466 
250.3 



9,355 
453.2 



1,326 
410.7 



28,713 
2. 128. 1 



6.501 
1. 746. 6 



1,973 
1,208.8 



2,947 
1,804.9 



3,967 

4,465 

1,945.4 



13, 731 
3, 354. 2 



7,653 
2, 509. 8 



147, 242 
150, 405 
2, 155. 1 



28,819 
29,316 
2, 116. 7 



53,181 
64,277 
2,629.6 



6,645 
2,816.0 



7,842 

8,066 

2, 498. 1 



1,763 
1,776 
26.4 



1,953 
144.8 



25, 182 
25,300 
362.5 



1,648 
1,661 
119.9 



5,913 
6,943 
287.9 



1,491 
110.5 



1,772 
432.9 



16, 015 
16,241 
232.7 



1,462 
1,484 
107.2 



2,672 
2,727 
132.1 



3,614 
1, 189. 4 



1,769 
2,076 
904.5 



7,017 
1,714.1 



4,476 
1, 467. 9 



56,610 
57,894 
829.6 



12,461 
12,636 
912.3 



16, 651 
17,053 



2,748 
1, 164. 6 



4,233 

4,335 

1,342.6 



84 



Table 5. — Index of Crime, 1970, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas — Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Total 
Crime 
Index 


Violent 1 
crime 


Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 


3,364 


286 


3,068 


4,1M 


362 


3,762 


1, 724. 3 


147.6 


1,676.8 


31,843 


3,324 


28,619 


32,219 


3,368 


28,861 


3, 616. 6 


366.6 


3, 160. 


11,024 


1,636 


9,489 


11,096 


1,641 


9,666 


3,896.6 


641.0 


3,364.6 


63,437 


9,268 


64,169 


64,396 


9,382 


66,013 


4, 138. 6 


603.0 


3,636.7 


7,488 


760 


6,698 


8,042 


796 


7,247 


2,217.8 


219.2 


1,998.4 


26,461 


3,666 


21,906 


26,696 


3,666 


22,031 


3,010.4 


419.3 


2,691.1 


2,609 


339 


2,270 


2,087.0 


271.2 


1,816.9 


69,177 


6,843 


63,334 


4,820.8 


476.0 


4,344.8 


8,099 


673 


7,626 


2,830.8 


200.3 


2,630.6 


212,827 


38,148 


174,679 


216,249 


38,604 


177, 746 


6,148.9 


916.8 


4, 232. 1 


4,407 


186 


4,222 


1,660.8 


69.7 


1,691.1 


6,037 


764 


4,283 


2,646.6 


396.0 


2,249.6 


9,647 


810 


8,837 


2,686.0 


226.4 


2,469.6 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny 

$60 and 

over 


18 

26 

10.6 


114 
134 
66.2 


134 

169 
70.8 


1,274 
1,616 
677.3 


1,001 
1,264 
629.8 


316 
318 
34.7 


1,824 
1,834 
200.2 


1,130 
1.160 
126.6 


11,682 
11,748 
1,282.2 


11,039 
11.172 
1,219.3 


77 

77 

27.0 


371 

372 

130.6 


1,049 
1,064 
370.0 


4,497 

4,623 

1,688.0 


3.766 

3.797 

1,333.1 


626 
638 
41.0 


3,181 
3,201 
205.7 


6,180 
6,267 
337.9 


24,163 
24,692 
1,680.6 


21,084 
21.437 
1.377.7 


41 

44 

12.1 


291 
302 
8a 3 


417 

437 

120.6 


2,796 
2,963 
817.1 


2.846 
3.141 
866.2 


147 
148 
17.4 


2,036 
2,038 
239.7 


1,296 
1,302 
163.1 


10,817 
10,863 
1,277.6 


7.779 
7.832 
921.1 


4 

3.2 


131 
104.8 


199 
169.2 


1,129 
903.1 


892 
713.6 


610 
49.7 


2,367 
192.8 


2,764 
226.2 


23,041 
1,877.0 


19,490 
1,687.7 


36 
12.6 


366 
127.6 


166 
64.6 


2,318 
810.2 


3.938 
1.376.4 


1,290 
1,306 
31.1 


27,080 
27,237 
648.6 


9,164 
9,343 
222.6 


82, 167 
83,423 
1,986.3 


61.096 
62.502 
1.488.2 


18 
6.8 


68 
21.9 


106 
39.9 


1,867 
699.8 


1,630 
614.3 


31 
16.3 


166 

87.2 


633 
280.0 


2,118 
1,112.6 


1,626 
863.6 


47 
13.1 


316 
88.0 


433 
120.6 


4,981 
1,386.3 


2.260 
629.0 



Colnmbns, Ga.- Ala 

(Includes Chattahoochee and Muscogee 
Counties. Qa. and Russell County. 
Ala.) 

Area actually reporting.. 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants _. 

Colambns. Ohio 

(Includes Franklin. Delaware and 
Pickaway Counties.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100.000 inhabitants 

Corpos Chrlsti. Tex 

(Includes Nueces and San Patricio 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants. 

Dallas, Tei 

(Includes CoUin, Dallas, Denton, Ellis, 
Kaufman and Rockwall Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants. 

Davenport-Rock Island-Mollne, lowa-Dl.. 
(Includes Scott County, Iowa, and 
Rock Island and Henry Counties, 
lUlnois.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Dayton. Ohio 

(Includes Greene, Miami, Montgomery 
and Preble Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Decatur, III 

(Includes Macon County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants- 

Denver, Colo 

(Includes Adams, Arapahoe, Boulder, 
Denver and Jeflerson Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Dea Moines, Iowa 

(Includes Polk County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants.. 

DdToit, Mich 

(Includes Macomb, Oakland and 
Wayne Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total - - 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants. 

Dnlnth-Superior, Minn.-Wis 

(Includes St. Louis County, Minn, and 
Douglas County, Wis.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants. 

Dnrham, N.C 

(Includes Durham and Orange Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

EIFkso, Tex 

(Includes El Paso County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

See footnote at end of table. 



80.8% 
100.0% 



96.6% 
100.0% 



100.0% 
1,565,950 



96. 6% 
100.0% 



92.3% 
100.0% 



99.0% 
100. 0% 

125.010 

100. 0% 
1,227,629 

100.0% 

286,101 

lOO. 0% 

4,199.931 

97. 3% 
100.0% 

266.350 

100.0% 
190,388 
100.0% 
359.291 

100. 0% 



85 



Table 5. — Index of Crime, 1970, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas — Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Erie, Pa 

(Includes Erie County.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Eugene. Oreg 

(Includes Lane County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

EransTille, Ind.-Ky 

(Includes Vanderburgh and Warwick 
Counties, Ind. and Henderson 
County, Ky.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total 

Kate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Fall River-New Bedford, Mass... 

(Includes Bristol County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Fargo-Moorhead, N. Dak-Minn 

(Includes Cass County, N. Dak. and 
Clay County, Minn.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Fayetteville, N.C 

(Includes Cumberland County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Flint, Mich 

(Includes Genesee and Lapeer Coun- 
ties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total. _ 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Fort Lauderdale-Hoilywood, Fla 

(Includes Broward County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Fort Smith, Ark.-Okia 

(Includes Sebastian and Crawford 
Counties, Ark. and Le Flore 
and Sequoyah Counties, Okla.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Fort Wayne, Ind 

(Includes Allen County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Fort Worth, Tex 

(Includes Johnson and Tarrant Coun- 
ties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants... 

Fresno, Calif 

(Includes Fresno County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Gain esTllle, Fla 

(Includes Alachua Coimty.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Gary-Hammond-East Chicago, Ind. 

(Includes Lake and Porter Counties.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

See footnote at end of table. 



263,664 

100.0% 
213,358 
100.0% 
232,775 



i*7.6% 
100.0% 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



97.4% 
100.0% 



98.1% 
100.0% 



83.6% 
100. 0% 



620,100 
100.0% 
160.421 

100. 0% 



280,455 

100. 0% 
762, 086 



98. 9% 
100.0% 



413,053 
100.0% 



104,764 

100. 0% 
633,367 

100. 0% 



3,764 
1,423.8 



7,107 

7,223 

3,103.0 



14,788 
16,060 
3, 387. 3 



4,913 

6,048 
, 380. 7 



13, 873 
16,347 
3,291.4 



26,687 
4,303.7 



1,739 
1,084.0 



24, 172 
24,344 
3, 194. 4 



16,843 
4,077.7 



4,109 
3,922.1 



24, 719 
3, 902. 8 



1,027 
484.3 



2,244 
2,503 
604.0 



2,682 
416.4 



2,290 
2,305 
302.5 



1,081 
261.7 



2,834 
447.4 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



3,329 
1, 262. 6 



6,097 
1, 857. 6 



6,292 

6,400 

2, 749. 4 



14,095 
14,346 
3, 228. 7 



1,861 
1,647.8 



3,917 
4,021 



13,844 
2, 787. 4 



24, 106 
3, 887. 3 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



7,659 
2, 730. 9 



15, 762 
3,816.0 



3,631 
3, 370. 4 



21,885 
3, 455. 3 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



1,174 
189.3 



1,140 
1,143 
150.0 



Larceny 

$60 and 

over 



1,418 
1,678 
317.7 



1,202 
193.8 



1,062 
167.7 



1,543 

585.2 



2,466 

2,607 

1,077.0 



6,770 

6,877 

1,547.8 



1,554 
1,606 
766.9 



5,314 

6,221 

1, 252. 6 



11, 070 
1,785.2 



2,709 
966.9 



9,877 

9,938 

1, 304. 1 



1,193 
452.5 



3,106 
1,455.3 



3,022 

3,069 

1,318.4 



3,633 
3,614 
813.4 



2,036 
2,077 
979.5 



4,915 

5,931 

1, 194. 2 



8,787 
1,417.0 



6,590 
1,040.5 



4,069 
1,450.9 



7,394 
7,470 



5,894 
1,426.9 



1,525 
1, 455. 7 



6,738 
1,063.8 



86 



Table 5. — Index of Crime, 1970, Standard Metropolifan Statistical Areas — Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



tnnd Rapids, Mich 

(Includes Kent and Ottawa Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total _ . . 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Sreen Bay, Wis. 

(Includes Brown County.) 

Area actually reporting _ 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Sreensboro-High Point, N.C , 

(Includes Guilford, Forsyth, Randolph 
and Yadkin Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total - 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants.. 

rreenrille, S.C 

(Includes Greenville and Pickens Coun- 
ties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Hairisburg, Pa... 

(Includes Cumberland, Dauphin and 
Perry Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants. 

Hartford-New Britain-Bristol, Conn 

(Includes Hartford County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Honolulu, Hawaii 

(Includes Honolulu County.) 

Area actually reporting ., 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Houston. Tex 

(Includes Harris, Brazoria, Fort Bend, 
Liberty and Montgomery Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total _ _ 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants. 

Hnntington-AshUnd, W. Va.-Ky.-Ohio. . . 
(Includes Cabell and Wayne Counties, 
W. Va., Boyd County, Ky. and 
Lawrence County, Ohio.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

HuntSTille, Ala 

(Includes Madison and Limestone Coun- 
ties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Indianapolis, Ind 

(Includes Marion, Hamilton, Hancock, 
Hendricks, Johnson, Morgan, Shel- 
by and Boone Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Jackson, Micfa 

(Includes Jackson County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

See footnote at end of table. 



98.2% 
100.. 0% 



158,244 

100. 0% 
603,895 



89.1% 
100.0% 



95.6% 
100.0% 



100.0% 

816,737 

95.8% 
100.0% 

630,528 

100.0% 

1,986,031 



78. 6% 
100.0% 



92.2% 
100.0% 



100. 0% 
1,109,882 



97. 1% 
100.0% 



98. 3% 
100.0% 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



11,887 
2,204.5 



2,252 
1, 423. 1 



14, 774 
15,668 
2, 594. 5 



9,480 

9,772 

3, 262. 7 



4,874 

5,461 

1,329.9 



21, 148 
21, 789 
2, 667. 8 



23,954 
3, 799. 



64,971 
71,316 
3, 592. 7 



4,327 
4,685 



5,769 
2, 527. 6 



33,610 
34,244 
3, 085. 4 



2,574 

2,647 

1,847.5 



1,141 
1,172 
217.3 



2,808 
2,907 
481.4 



1,061 
1,092 
364.6 



10,459 
11,164 
562.4 



452 
198.0 



4,283 
4,322 



Prop- 
erty! 
crime 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



10,445 
10, 715 



2,211 
1,397.2 



11,966 
12, 761 
2, 113. 1 



8,419 

8,680 

2, 898. 1 



4,144 

4,681 

1, 140. 



19,225 
19,841 
2, 429. 3 



23,120 
3,666.8 



54,512 
60,152 
3,030.3 



3,727 

4,062 

1,600.8 



5,317 
2,329.6 



29,327 
29,922 
2, 696. 



2,295 

2,361 

1,647.9 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



6,529 
6,655 
335.3 



2,263 
2,277 
205.2 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



2,199 
2,267 
375.4 



1,033 
1,049 
128.4 



3,156 
3,637 
183.2 



1,569 
1,590 
143.3 



5,329 
5,439 



5,671 

6,091 

1,008.6 



3,978 
1, 328. 2 



2,495 
2,718 
661.9 



8,312 

8,684 

1,051.0 



10,252 
1,625.9 



27,679 
30,413 
1, 532. 1 



1,603 
1,751 



2,372 
1, 039. 3 



14,269 
14,494 
1, 305. 9 



1,150 
1,177 
821.5 



87 



Table 5. — Index of Crime, 1970, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas — Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Jackson, Miss _ 

(Includes Hinds and Eankin Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Jacksonville, Fla 

(Includes Duval County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Jersey City, N.J 

(Includes Hudson County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Johnstown, Pa 

(Includes Cambria and Somerset Coun- 
ties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Kalamazoo. Mich 

(Includes Kalamazoo County.) 

Area actually reporting - 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Kansas City, Mo.-Kans.. 

(Includes Clay, Jackson, Cass and 
Platte Counties, Mo. and Johnson 
and Wyandotte Counties, Kans.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Kenosha, Wis _. 

(Includes Kenosha County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

KnoxviUe, Tenn 

(Includes Anderson, Blount and Knox 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants. 

I^ayette, La 

(Includes Lafayette Parish.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Lafayette- West Lafayette, Ind 

(Includes Tippecanoe County.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Lake Charles, La 

(Includes Calcasieu Parish.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Lancaster, Pa.. 

(Includes Lancaster County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Lansing, Mich 

(Includes Clinton, Eaton and Ingham 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Las Vegas, Nev 

(Includes Clark County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

See footnote at end of table. 



79.2% 
100.0% 



528,866 
100. 0% 



609,266 

100.0% 
262,822 



95.3% 
100. 0% 



97.2% 
100.0% 



99.9% 
100.0% 



117,917 

100.0% 
400,337 



98. 6% 
100. 0% 



111,745 

100.0% 

109,378 

100.0% 

145,415 

100.0% 

319,693 

96.9% 
100.0% 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



82. 2% 
100.0% 



273,288 

100.0% 



3,876 

4,082 

1, 576. 6 



26,293 
4, 971. 6 



15, 807 
2, 694. 4 



1,401 
1,576 
599.6 



6,848 
6,019 



46, 331 
46,373 



7,960 

8,046 

2,009.8 



3,368 
3, 014. 



2,050 
1,874.2 



2,948 
2,027.3 



2,340 
2,623 



13,338 
15,380 
4,064.2 



11,905 
4,356.2 



7,456 
7,469 
593.6 



1,013 
1,020 
254.8 



323 
222.1 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



1,072 
283.3 



1,208 
442.0 



3, 624 

3,631 

1, 402. 4 



22, 080 
4,175.0 



13, 987 
2, 295. 7 



1,284 
1,444 
549.4 



4,894 

6,047 

2, 604. 1 



38, 875 
38, 914 
3, 096. 6 



2,664 
2, 174. 4 



6,947 

7,026 

1, 765. 



2,765 
2, 474. 4 



1,985 
1,814.8 



2,625 
1,805.2 



2,129 
2,297 
718.5 



12, 479 
14, 308 
3, 781. 



10, 697 
3, 914. 2 



Murder 
and non- 
negUgent 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



1,635 
290.2 



1,112 
182.5 



3,693 
3,694 
294.0 



108 
91.6 



Aggra- 

vated Burglary 

assault 



2,274 
430.0 



3,021 
3,023 
240.6 



1,902 
734.6 



12, 014 
2, 271. 7 



2,227 

2,290 

1, 136. 2 



18,804 
18,819 
1,497.6 



1,021 
865.9 



3,577 
3,618 
903.7 



1,463 
1, 300. 3 



1,331 
915.3 



6,793 

6,542 

1, 728. 8 



5,284 
1,933.5 



88 



Table 5. — Index of Crime, 1970, Standard Metropolitan Statistieal Areas — Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Lawton, Okia 

(Includes Comanche County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Lexington, Ky 

(Includes Fayette County.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Uma, Ohio 

(Includes Allen, Putnam and Van Wert 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Lincoln, Nebr 

(Includes Lancaster County.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants. 

Little Rocli- North Little Rock, Ark 

(Includes Pulaski and Saline Counties.) 

Area actually reporting — 

Estimated total. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Lorain- Elyria, Ohio. 

(Includes Lorain County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total.. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Loa Angeles-Long Beach, Calif. 

(Includes Los Angeles County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Louisrille, Ky.-Ind 

(Includes Jeflerson County, Ky. and 
Clark and Floyd Counties, Ind.) 

Area actually reporting _ 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Lubbock, Tei 

(Includes Lubbock County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Lynch borg, Va.. 

(Includes Lynchburg City and Amherst 
and Campbell Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Macon, Ga.. 

(Includes Bibb and Houston Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Madison, Wis 

(Includes Dane County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants. 

Manchester-Nashua, N.H 

(Includes Hillsborough County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Mansfield , Ohio 

(Includes Richland County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

See footnote at end of table. 



108,144 
100.0% 



174,323 

100.0% 
171,472 



93.9% 
100.0% 



167,972 

100.0% 

323,296 

88.8% 
100.0% 

2S6,843 

96.1% 
100.0% 



7,032,075 

100.0% 
826,553 



98.3% 
100.0% 



179,295 
100. 0% 
123,474 

100.0% 

206,342 

89. 5% 
100.0% 

290,272 

100. 0% 

223,941 

95.2% 
100.0% 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



97. 7% 
100. 0% 



3,403 
3, 146. 7 



6,682 
3, 776. 7 



3,487 

3,666 

2, 137. 4 



3,018 
1,796.7 



11,628 
12, 212 
3, 777. 3 



4,961 

6,117 

1,992.3 



366, 096 
5,063.9 



30,396 
30,671 
3, 710. 7 



6,178 
3,446.7 



1.689 
1,286.9 



6,626 

7,113 

3,447.2 



6,037 
2,079.8 



2,207 

2,309 

1,031.1 



2,966 

3,006 

2,312.4 



1,734 
1,855 
573.8 



61,859 
737.5 



2,946 
356.4 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



6,060 
3, 470. 6 



3,141 

3,305 

1.927.4 



2,681 
1, 596. 1 



9,894 
10,357 
3,203.6 



4,419 

4,672 

1, 780. 1 



304, 236 
4, 326. 4 



27,466 
27,725 
3,354.3 



6,337 

2, 976. 7 



1,203 
974.3 



6,102 

6,656 

3, 177. 2 



5,749 
1,980.6 



2,085 
2,180 
973.6 



2,603 

2,650 

1,961.6 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



3,514 
50.0 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



22 


14 


17.8 


11.3 


26 


31 


27 


34 


13.1 


16.6 


6 


40 


2.1 


13.8 


7 


6 


8 


6 


3.6 


2.7 


9 


16 


9 


16 


6.9 


12.3 



21,610 
307.3 



1,696 
1,601 



1,078 
1,157 
357.9 



26,073 
370.8 



1,047 
126.7 



1,312 
1,213.2 



2,647 
1,618.4 



1,435 
1,495 
871.9 



4,609 

4,760 

1, 469. 2 



1,823 
1,879 
731.6 



139, 267 
1,980.5 



9,344 
1, 130. 5 



2,662 
1,428.9 



2,774 

2,985 

1,446.6 



2,230 
768.2 



1,093 
1,110 

853.9 



439-158 O - 11 - T 



Table 5. — Index of Crime, 1970, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas — Continued 



standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



McAUen-Pbarr-Edinbnrg. Tei 

(Includes Hidalgo County.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total 

Kate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Memphis. Tenn.- Ark 

(Includes Shelby County, Tenn. and 
Crittenden County, Ark.) 

Areaactuallyreporting... 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Miami, Fla 

(Includes Dade County.) 

Areaactuallyreporting. 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Mil waukee, Wis. 

(Includes Milwaukee, Waukesha, 
Ozaukee and Washington Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn 

(Includes Anoka, Dakota, Hennepin, 
Ramsey and Washington Counties.) 

Area actually reporting... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Mobile. Ala 

(Includes Mobile and Baldwin 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Modesto. Calif.. 

(Includes Stanislaus County.) 

Area actually reporting... 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Monroe. La. 

(Includes Ouachita Parish.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Mnnde. Ind 

(Includes Delaware County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Muskegon-Muskegon Heights, Mich 

(Includes Muskegon County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Nashville. Tenn 

(Includes Davidson, Sumner and Wil- 
son Counties.) 

A rea ac tually reporting 

E stimated total. 

R ate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Newark, NJ... 

(Includes Essex, Morris and Union 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100.000 inhabitants 

New Haven- Waterbory. Conn 

(Includes New Haven County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total. . - 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



96.1% 
100.0% 



98. 3% 
100. 0% 



99. 9% 
100.0% 



99. 6% 
100.0% 



87. 4% 
100.0% 



194,506 

100. 0% 



116, 3«7 
100. 0% 



129.219 

100. 0% 

157,426 

98. 8% 
100. 0% 

640,982 



87.8% 
100.0% 



100.0% 
744.948 



95. 8% 
100.0% 



Total 

Crime 
Index 



2,176 

2,323 

1,279.6 



23,646 
3, 057. 4 



66,905 
67, 736 
5,342.8 



28,044 
28,063 
1,999.0 



58,696 
58,866 
3, 246. 7 



10,852 
11,912 
3. 162. 3 



7,607 
3, 910. 9 



1,498 
1,298.2 



2,448 
1,894.6 



6,068 

6,113 

3, 247. 9 



17,977 
18,834 
3,481.4 



64,607 
3,479.9 



20,901 
21,473 
2,882.6 



2,923 
379.6 



11,079 
11,167 



1,797 
1,797 
128.0 



5,192 
5,197 



1,128 
1,244 



3,067 
3,161 
682.6 



10, 121 
646.1 



1,119 
1,141 
153.2 



Prop- 
erty - 
crime 



Murder 
and non- 
'gligent 
man- 
slaughter 



2,084 

2,219 

1,222.4 



20. 623 
2, 677. 9 



65, 826 
56, 569 
4, 462. 



26, 247 
26,266 
1,870.9 



53,504 
53,669 
2, 959. 2 



9,724 
10,668 
2, 832. 



1,149 
995. 8 



2,173 
1,681.6 



4,410 

4,469 

2,832.4 



14, 920 
16,683 
2, 899. 



64,486 
2, 934. 8 



19, 782 
20,332 
2.729.3 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



Robbery 



1,069 
137.5 



5,379 
5,412 
436.9 



3,237 
3,239 
178.6 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



380 6,184 

20. 6 333. 1 



1,649 
201.1 



5,292 
5,342 
421.4 



1,605 
1,607 



1,933 
357.3 



3,381 

182.1 



1,333 
1,385 
762.9 



23,219 
23,566 
1,858.0 



7,002 
7,009 
499.3 



21,685 
21,734 
1, 198. 4 



6,118 

6,516 

1, 729. 8 



3,173 
1,631.3 



2,070 

2,090 

1, 327. 6 



7,066 

7,603 

1,386.9 



24,422 
1,316.4 



8,902 
9,145 

1,227.6 



7,913 
1,027.6 



22,802 
23,112 
1,823.0 



13,562 
13, 572 



20,693 
20,787 
1, 146. 1 



2,329 
2,748 
729.5 



2,109 

2,132 

1,354.3 



4,448 
4,660 



17,686 
962.6 



6,623 
6,763 
906.6 



See footnote at end of table. 



90 



Table 5.— Index of Crime, 1970, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas — Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



New London-Groton-Norwich, Conn 

(Includes New London County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

New Orleans, La.- 

(Includes Jefferson, Orleans, St. Ber- 
nard and St. Tammany Parishes.) 

Area actual! y reporting. _ 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Newport News-Hampton, Va 

(Includes Newport News and Hampton 
Cities and York County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

New York, N.Y. 

(Includes Bronj, Kings, Manhattan, 
Queens, Richmond, Nassau, Rock- 
land, Suffolk and Westchester 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Norfolk-Portsmouth, Va. 

(Includes Norfolk, Chesapeake, Ports- 
mouth and Virginia Beach Cities.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Ogden, Utah... _ 

(Includes Weber County.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants... 

Oklahoma City, OkIa_ 

(Includes Canadian, Cleveland and 
Oklahoma Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Omaha, Nebr.-Iowa 

(Includes Douglas and Sarpy Counties, 
Nebr. and Pottawattamie County, 
Iowa.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Orlando, Fla 

(Includes Orange and Seminole Coun- 
ties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Oxnard-Ventura, Calif 

(Includes Ventura County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Paterson-aiflon-Passaic, N.J 

(Includes Bergen and Passaic Counties.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants.... 

Pensacola, Fla. 

(Includes Escambia and Santa Rosa 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants , 

Peoria, m 

(Includes Peoria, Tazewell and Wood- 
ford Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants.... 

See footnote at end of table. 



98. 6% 
100.0% 



96.1% 
100. 0% 



98.1% 
100. 0% 



99. 6% 
100. 0% 



680,600 

100. 0% 
126,278 
100.0% 
640,889 

100.0% 
541,453 



100.0% 
428,003 

100.0% 
376,430 
100.0% 



1,358,794 

100. 0% 
243,075 

100. 0% 
341,979 



96. 8% 
100.0% 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



4,623 

4,685 

1,987.8 



43,971 
45,104 
4, 310. 1 



7,149 

7,317 

2, 604. 5 



600, 949 
601,800 
6, 220. 



24,004 
3, 626. 9 



2,971 
2, 352. 7 



15, 939 
2, 487. 



16,639 
2,888.3 



14,544 
3, 398. 1 



11,266 
2,992.9 



30,642 
2, 265. 1 



8,664 

8,863 

2, 691. 7 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



7,293 
7,466 
712.5 



113.C05 
113,065 



3,283 
482.4 



1,667 
258.5 



2,167 
400.2 



1,695 
372.7 



1,422 
415.8 



4,242 

4,301 

1, 864. 7 



36,678 
37,648 
3,597.6 



6,367 

6,516 

2, 230. 3 



487,944 
488,736 
4, 239. 3 



20, 721 
3,044.6 



2.725 
2,157.9 



14,282 
2,228.5 



13,472 
2,488.1 



12,949 
3,025.4 



10,690 
2, 839. 8 



28,333 
2, 085. 2 



7,673 
3, 166. 6 



7,176 

7,441 

2, 175. 9 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Forc- 
ible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny 

$50 and 

over 


3 


22 


71 


185 


2,109 


1,676 


3 


22 


72 


187 


2,136 


1,701 


1.3 


9.5 


31.2 


81.1 


926.6 


737.5 


121 


423 


3,912 


2,837 


14,611 


12,684 


125 


436 


3,944 


2,951 


15,077 


12,944 


11.9 


41.7 


376.9 


282.0 


1,440.7 


1,236.9 


23 


66 


268 


425 


2,963 


2,776 


23 


67 


276 


436 


3,013 


2,851 


7.9 


22.9 


94.5 


148.9 


1,031.3 


976.8 


1,208 


2,290 


76,613 


32,894 


209,644 


169,242 


1,209 


2,292 


76,641 


32,923 


209,942 


169, 610 


10.6 


19.9 


664.8 


285.6 


1,821.0 


1,471.2 


69 


147 


1,332 


1,735 


7,934 


10,126 


10.1 


21.6 


195.7 


264.9 


1, 165. 7 


1,487.7 


5 


24 


95 


122 


1,111 


1,153 


4.0 


19.0 


75.2 


96.6 


879.8 


913.1 


38 


140 


592 


887 


7,396 


3,916 


6.9 


21.8 


92.4 


138.4 


1,163.9 


611.0 


35 


91 


811 


1,230 


4,999 


4,610 


6.5 


16.8 


149.8 


227.2 


923.3 


851.4 


48 


127 


445 


975 


7,602 


4,482 


11.2 


29.7 


104.0 


227.8 


1,776.2 


1,047.2 


8 


97 


179 


292 


6,072 


4,692 


2.1 


25.8 


47.6 


77.6 


1,347.4 


1,219.9 


35 


77 


1,338 


869 


11,080 


10,677 


2.6 


6.7 


98.5 


63.2 


816.4 


778.4 


20 


34 


212 


430 


3,816 


3,126 


8.2 


14.0 


87.2 


176.9 


1,569.9 


1,286.0 


21 


51 


474 


842 


3,637 


2,549 


22 


63 


486 


862 


3,738 


2,664 


6.4 


15.5 


141.8 


252.1 


1,093.0 


779.0 



Table 5.— Index of Crime, 1970, Standard Mefropolitan Statistical Areai — Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



PhUadelphia, Pa.-N.J _.. 

(Includes Bucks, Chester, Delaware, 
Montgomery and Philadelphia 
Counties, Pa. and Burlington, Cam- 
den and Gloucester Counties, NJ.) 

Area actually reporting.. 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants.. 

Phoenix, Ariz 

(Includes Maricopa County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

(Includes Allegheny, Beaver, Washing- 
ton and Westmoreland Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Pittsfield, Mass. 

(Includes Berkshire County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Portland, Maine 

(Includes Cumberland County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Portland, Oreg.-Wash 

(Includes Clackamas, Multnomah and 
Washington Counties, Oreg. and 
Clark County, Wash.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants. 

ProTidence-Pawtucket- Warwicli, R.I 

(Includes Bristol, Kent and Providence 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

ProTO-Orem, Utah 

(Includes Utah County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total _ 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Pueblo, Colo. 

(Includes Pueblo County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Racine, Wis 

(Includes Racine County.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Raleigh, N.C 

(Includes Wake County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Reading, Pa 

(Includes Berks County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Richmond, Va.. 

(Includes Richmond City and Chester- 
field, Henrico and Hanover 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Soe footnote at end of table. 



95. 8% 
100.0% 



99. 7% 
100.0% 



89. 7% 
100.0% 



90. 7% 
100. 0% 



97.6% 
100.0% 



90.2% 
100.0% 



118,238 
100.0% 



170,838 

100.0% 



96.6% 
100.0% 



90.2% 
100.0% 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



97, 369 
100, 173 
2, 079. 2 



41, 037 
41, 148 



45,291 
48, 748 
2,030.1 



1,678 
2,000 



2,667 

2,707 

1,406.0 



40, 734 
4, 036. 6 



23,342 
3, 032. 3 



1,677 

1,930 

1,400.8 



3,092 
2, 618. 1 



6,640 
2, 468. 8 



2,666 

3,076 

1, 037. 5 



21,278 
4, lOS. 2 



16,234 
15, 471 
321.1 



4,626 
4,634 
468.2 



6,230 
6,621 
271.6 



3,679 
364.6 



1,610 
209.1 



1,993 
384.6 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



82, 126 
84,702 
1,758.1 



36, 611 

36, 614 



39,061 
42, 227 
1, 768. 5 



1,602 

1,910 

1, 278. 4 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



2,496 


2 


2,543 


2 


1, 320. 8 


1.0 


37, 056 


48 


3, 672. 


4.8 


21, 732 


28 


2, 823. 1 


3.6 


1,581 




1,816 


1 


1,318.1 


.7 


2,740 


4 


2, 317. 4 


3.4 


3,512 


8 


2, 055. 7 


4.7 


4,616 


17 


4,824 


18 


2,111.6 


7.9 


2,453 


3 


2,827 


4 


963.8 


1.3 


19,285 


77 


3,720.7 


14.9 



Robbery 



8,269 
8,350 
173.3 



3,373 

3,486 
146.1 



21 


49 


10.9 


25.5 


228 


1,888 


22.6 


187.1 


30 


644 


3.9 


83.7 


1 


5 


2 


8 


1.5 


6.8 


23 


64 


19.6 


54.1 


20 


274 


11.7 


160.4 


23 


141 


26 


150 


10.9 


65.7 


12 


88 


14 


101 


4.7 


34.1 


129 


1,016 


24.9 


196.0 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



5,815 
5,944 
123.4 



2,662 
2,667 
266.1 



1,616 
160.1 



36,255 
36, 325 
754.0 



18,266 
18,295 
1, 889. 



16,386 
16,700 



1,094 
1,116 
679.1 



17,680 
1, 762. 



1,668 
912.0 



1,664 
1,755 
768.2 



21,694 
22,644 
470.0 



12,244 
12,295 



11,465 
12,632 
526.1 



14,211 
1,408.2 



6,093 
791.6 



1.316 
1,113.0 



1,467 
862.9 



2,635 

2,720 

1, 190. 6 



9,181 
1,771.3 



7,016 
1,353.6 I 



92 



Table 5. — Index of Crime, 1970, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas — Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Roanoke, Va 

(Includes Roanoke City and Roanoke 
County.) 

Area actually reporting _ 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Rochester, N.Y 

(Includes Monroe, Livingston, Orleans 
and Wayne Counties.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total. _ 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants.. 

Rockford, III 

(Includes Winnebago and Boone 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Sacramento, Calif 

(Includes Sacramento, Placer and Yolo 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants. 

Saginaw, Mich 

(Includes Saginaw County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

St. Louis. Mo.-Ill 

(Includes St. Louis City and Jefferson, 
St. Charles, St. Louis and Franklin 
Counties, Mo. and Madison and St. 
Clair Counties, 111.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants.. 

Salem. Oreg 

(Includes Marion and Polk Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Salinas- Monterey, Calif 

(Includes Monterey County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Salt Lake City, Utah 

(Includes Salt Lake and Davis 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

San Antonio. Tei 

(Includes Bexar and Guadalupe 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants. 

San Bernardino-Riverside-Ontario. Calif.. 
(Includes Riverside and San Bernar- 
dino Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

San Diego, Calif. 

(Includes San Diego County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

San Francisco-Oakland, Calif. 

(Includes Alameda, Contra Costa, 
Marin, San Francisco and San 
Mateo Counties.) 

Area actually reporting , 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



87.9% 
100.0% 



95.5% 
100.0% 



95.8% 
100.0% 



100.0% 
219, 743 



97.1% 
100.0% 



95.3% 
100.0% 



186,658 
100.0% 



250,071 

100.0% 
557,635 

100.0% 



100.0% 



1,357,854 

100.0% 
3,109,519 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



5,044 
2, 780. 



19, 118 
19,891 
2, 253. 6 



6,526 

5,662 

2, 081. 1 



33, 292 
4, 158. 4 



5,642 

5,835 

2, 655. 4 



82,069 
84,263 
3, 565. 9 



3,782 
2, 026. 2 



8,825 
3, 529. 



17, 877 
3,205.9 



30,299 
3, 506. 8 



44,325 
3, 877. 5 



39,686 
2, 922. 7 



165, 715 
6,329.3 



1.708 
1,762 
199.6 



2,213 
276.4 



12,356 
12, 566 
531.4 



3,565 
412.6 



3,546 
310.2 



3,024 
222.7 



19,437 
625.1 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



3,826 
4,426 



17,410 
18,129 
2,063.9 



5,012 

5,137 

1,888.2 



31,079 
3, 882. 



4,706 

4,878 

2, 219. 9 



69, 713 
71, 707 
3, 034. 6 



3,443 

1,844.5 



8,226 
3, 289. 5 



16,886 
3,028.1 



26,734 
3,094.2 



40, 779 
3, 667. 3 



36,662 
2, 700. 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



1,041 
130.0 



6. Ml 
6,604 
279.5 



1,187 
103.8 



1,263 
93.0 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



4,672 
4,790 



2, 116 
244.9 



1,997 
174.7 



1,442 
106.2 



146,278 268 1,334 10,813 7,032 67,282 49,237 29,769 

4,704.2 8.3 42.9 347.7 226.1 2,163.7 1,583.4 957.0 



2,040 
1, 124. 4 



8,994 
7,265 



12,670 
1, 582. 6 



3,063 

3,124 

1,421.7 



33, 626 
34, 467 
1,458.2 



1.776 
951.6 



3,632 
1,452.4 



6,881 
1,234.0 



12,918 
1,496.1 



21, 153 
1,850.4 



13,728 
1,011.0 



See footnote at end of table. 



93 



Table 5, — Index of Crime, 1970, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas — Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



San Jose, Calif. 

(Includes Santa Clara County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Santa Barbaia, Calif. 

(Includes Santa Barbara County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants... 

Santa Rosa, Calif 

(Includes Sonoma County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants -.. 

SaTannah, Ga 

(Includes Chatham County.) 

Area actually reporting .-. 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Saanton, P» _ 

(Includes Lackawanna County.) 

Area actually reporting.. 

Estimated total .-. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Seattle-Ererett, Wash 

(Includes King and Snohomish 
Coimties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Shreveport, La 

(Includes Bossier and Caddo Parishes.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Sionx City, lowa-Nebr 

(Includes Woodbury County, Iowa and 
Dakota County, Nebr.) 

Area actually reporting.. 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Sonth Bend, Ind _. 

(Includes St. Joseph and Marshall 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Spoluuie, Wash 

(Includes Spokane County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

SpringBeld, ni 

(Includes Sangamon County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Springfield, Mo.... 

(Includes Greene County.) 

Area actually reporting.. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Springfield, Ohio 

(Includes Clark County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Springfield-Chlcopee-Holyoke, Mass 

(Includes Hampden and Hampshire 
Coimties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total.. 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

See footnote at end of table. 



1,064,714 

100.0% 

264,324 

100.0% 



204,885 

100.0% 



187,767 



97. 9% 
100.0% 



90.8% 
100.0% 



99.6% 
100.0% 



2S3,887 
100.0% 
116,189 



88.7% 
100.0% 



96.0% 
100.0% 



287,487 
100.0% 



161,336 

100.0% 



152,929 

100.0% 



157,115 

100.0% 
683,031 



98.0% 
100.0% 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



33,762 
3, 170. 1 



7,370 

7,482 

3, 984. 7 



2,370 

2,673 

1,141.8 



68,660 
68,772 
4, 133. 4 



6,614 
2, 216. 6 



2,176 
2,305 



7,708 
2, 762. 6 



3,279 
2,032.4 



3,969 
2,688.8 



2,826 
1, 798. 



16,348 
16,617 
2,860.1 



2,692 
243.4 



238 
101.7 



4,333 
4,344 
306.5 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



31,160 
2, 926. 6 



7,920 
2,996.3 



6,608 

6,610 

3, 620. 3 



2,167 

2,435 

1,040.1 



54,227 
64,428 
3,827.9 



5,446 
1, 853. 1 



2,059 

2,182 

1, 878. 



6,781 

6,990 

2,496.2 



6,993 
2,432.5 



2,986 
1,850.2 



3,816 
2, 496. 3 



2,661 
1, 623. 7 



16,641 
15,901 
2, 727. 3 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



2,323 
2,326 
163.6 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



1,340 
125.9 



1,611 
1,618 
113.8 



Larceny 

$60 and 

over 



14,236 
1,337.0 



3,057 
1,492.1 



2,812 

2,865 

1, 620. 6 



1,038 
443.4 



28,001 
28,099 
1,976.2 



2,666 
903.7 



3,128 

3,207 

1, 146. 2 



3,182 
1, 106. 8 



1,628 
1,009.1 



6,640 

6,650 

1, 140. 6 



10,954 
1,028,8 



3,384 
1,280.2 



2,644 
1,290.6 



2,934 

2,976 

1,684.9 



18,479 
18,658 
1,306.2 



1,916 
652.0 



2,669 
2,660 
946.3 



3,013 
1,048.0 



1,678 
1,097.2 



4,300 
4,383 
761.8 



94 



Table 5. — Index of Crime, 1970, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas — Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



StenbenTille-Weirton, Ohio-W. Va 

(Includes Jefferson County, Ohio and 
Brooke and Hancock Counties. 
W. Va.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants. 

Stockton, Calif... 

(Includes San Joaquin County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Bate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Syracuse, N. Y 

(Includes Madison, Onondaga and 
Oswego Counties.) 

Area actually reporting , 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Tacoma, Wash.. 

(Includes Pierce County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants. 

Tallahassee, Fla... 

(Includes Leon County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Tampa-St. Petersburg, Fla 

(Includes Hillsborough and Pinellas 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estmiated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants... 

Terre Haute. Ind 

(Includes Vigo, Clay, Sullivan and Ver- 
million Comities.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Texarkana. Tex.-Ark 

(Includes Bowie County, Tex. and 
Miller County, Ark.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Toledo. Ohio-Mich 

(Includes Lucas and Wood Counties. 
Ohio, and Monroe County, Mich.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estmiated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Topeka, Kans 

(Includes Shawnee County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Trenton, N.J 

(Includes Mercer County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Tucson. Ariz 

(Includes Pima County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants. 

Tnlaa, Okja 

(Includes Creek, Osage and Tulsa 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

See footnote at end of table. 



94.8% 
100.0% 



290,208 

100.0% 
635,946 



94. 7% 
100. 0% 



411,027 

100.0% 



84.9% 
100.0% 



97. 3% 
100.0% 



91. 6% 
100.0% 



1S5,322 

100.0% 



303,968 

100.0% 



351,667 

100.0% 
476,991 



99.4% 
100.0% 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



1,816 

1.976 

1. 193. 



13, 119 
4, 520. 6 



10, 677 
11,335 
1. 782. 4 



11.792 
2,868.9 



2.662 

2.934 

2, 847. 2 



34,910 
35.057 
3, 462. 1 



3.321 

3.414 

1, 949. 3 



1,974 
1, 950. 6 



16, 798 
17,694 
2.640.4 



5,208 
3, 363. 



11.908 
3.917.6 



10.656 
3,030.1 



16.109 
15.163 
3, 185. 6 



1,175 
404.9 



4,705 
464.6 



1,829 
1,906 
276.2 



1,117 
367.5 



1,032 
293.5 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



Murder 
and non- 
negUgent 

man- 
slaughter 



1,592 

1,743 

1,062.4 



11,944 
4, 116. 7 



10,419 
1,638.3 



10, 807 
2, 629. 3 



2,312 

2,594 

2, 617. 3 



30, 221 
30,352 
2,997.6 



3,132 

3,219 

1,837.9 



1,640 
1, 620. 6 



14,969 
16,688 
2, 268. 2 



4,628 
2,979.6 



10, 791 
3,550.0 



9,624 
2, 736. 7 



13,905 
13, 955 
2,931.8 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



1,765 
1,771 
174.9 



1,072 
1,098 
168.6 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



2,624 
2,633 
260.0 



483 
137.3 



6,540 
1,909.0 



4,788 
5,018 



6,233 
1, 273. 2 



1,268 

1,397 

1, 356. 7 



17,458 
17, 517 
1,729.9 



1,458 
1,491 
851.3 



7,234 

7,680 

1,094.6 



1,816 
1, 169. 2 



5,144 
1, 692. 3 



4,672 
1,300.1 



6,785 

5,805 

1, 219. 6 



Larceny 

$50 and 

over 



4,473 
1,64L3 



4,352 
684.3 



4,009 
976.4 



9,870 
9,925 



1,297 
1,335 
762.2 



6,838 
6,127 
884.7 



2,402 
1, 546. 5 



3,690 
1,213.9 



3,050 
867.3 



5,705 2,416 

6, 730 2, 420 

1,203.8 608.4 



95 



Table 5. — Index of Crime, 1970, Sfandard Mefropolitan Sfafistical Areas — Continued 



standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Tuscaloosa, Ala 

(Includes Tuscaloosa County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Utica-Rome, N.Y - 

(Includes Herkimer and Oneida Coun- 
ties.) 

Area actually reporthig 

Estimated total - 

Rate per 100,000 tahabltants,. 

VaUeJo-Napa, CaUf. 

(Includes Solano and Napa Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

VIneland-MiUrille-Bridgeton. N.J 

(Includes Cumberland County.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Waco, Tei ..- — 

(Includes McLennan County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Washington, D.C.-Md.-Va 

(Includes District of Columbia; Mont- 
gomery and Prince Georges Coun- 
ties, Md. and Alexandria, Fairfax and 
FaUs Church Cities and Arlington, 
Fairfax, Loudoun and Prince Wil- 
liam Counties, Va.) 

Area actually reporting - - - 

Estimated total - 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Waterloo, Iowa 

(Includes Black Hawk County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

West Palm Beach, Fla 

(Includes Palm Beach County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 tahabltants 

Wheeling, W. Va.-Ohlo - 

(Includes Marshall and Ohio Counties, 
W. Va., and Belmont County, 
Ohio.) 

Area actually reporttog - - 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Wichita, Kans 

(Includes Sedgwick and Butler Counties.) 

Area actually reporttog 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Wichita Falls, Tex 

(Includes Archer and Wichita Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Wilkes- Barre-Hazelton, Pa 

(Includes Lujeme County.) 

Area actually reporttag 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 tahabltants 

WUmlngton, Del.-NJ.-Md 

(Includes New Castle County, Del., 
Salem County, N.J., and Cecil 
County, Md.) 

Area actually reporttag 

Rate per 100,000 tahabltants 

See footnote at end of table. 



116,029 

100.0% 
340,477 



97. 8% 
100.0% 



249,081 

100. 0% 



121,374 

100.0% 



147.553 

100.0% 
2,861,123 



99.7% 
100. 0% 



132,916 

100.0% 



348,753 



97. 1% 
100. 0% 



86.0% 
100. 0% 



389,352 
100. 0% 



127.621 

100.0% 



92.8% 
100.0% 



2,660 
2, 292. 5 



2,976 
873.8 



2,622 
2, 160. 3 



4,394 
2, 977. 9 



117, 389 
117,611 
4, 110. 7 



2,338 
1,769.0 



11,898 
12, 278 
3, 520. 6 



1,844 
1,009.2 



13,038 
3, 348. 6 



1,978 
1, 649. 9 



2,189 
2,633 
740.0 



14,362 
2, 873. 3 



22,006 
22,029 
769.9 



1,726 
1,765 
506.1 



1,119 
287.4 



2,234 
1, 925. 4 



2,678 
2,817 
827.4 



1,272 
264.7 



3,854 
2,611.9 



95,383 
95, 682 
3,340.7 



2,065 
1,663.6 



10, 173 
10, 613 
3, 014. 6 



1,284 
1,697 
928.8 



11, 919 
3,061.2 



1,706 
1,336.8 



2,076 
2,390 
698.2 



13, 080 
2,618.7 



16.6 120.6 



14,399 
14,407 
503.5 



6,625 
6,639 
232.0 



1,209 
346.7 



1,222 
1, 053. 2 



1,678 
463.6 



3,653 
1,426.4 



957 
788.5 



2,103 
1,425.3 



40,936 
40,987 
1,432.6 



6,164 

6,308 

1,622.0 



844 
661.3 



6,139 
1, 028. 8 



96 



Tgble 5. — Index of Crime, 1970, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas — Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Population 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



Murder 
Prop- and non- 
erty ' negligent 
crime man- 
slaughter 


Forc- 
ible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny 

$60 and 

over 


2,720 


11 


10 


169 


260 


1,466 


1,063 


3,014 


13 


12 


176 


276 


1,611 


1,173 


2,811.1 


12.1 


11.2 


164.2 


266.5 


1,502.5 


1,094.0 


18, 677 


12 


36 


470 


307 


8,213 


4,763 


19, 779 


13 


39 


491 


340 


8,727 


5,142 


3, 100. 3 


2.0 


6.1 


77.0 


63.3 


1,367.9 


806.0 


3,397 


6 


31 


261 


211 


2,012 


988 


3,600 


6 


32 


265 


216 


2,056 


1,026 


1,062.1 


1.8 


9.7 


80.4 


66. B 


623.6 


311.3 


10,106 


37. 


63 


698 


602 


4,440 


3,398 


10,203 


37 


63 


701 


607 


4,476 


3,439 


1,903.6 


6.9 


9.9 


130.8 


113.2 


835.1 


641.6 



Wilmington, N.C 

(Includes New Hanover and Brunswick 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total -.. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Worcester, Mass 

(Includes Worcester County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

York, Pa , - 

(Includes York and Adams Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

VounKStown- Warren, Ohio 

(Includes Mahoning and Trumbull 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total.. 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 



107, 219 



77. 4% 
100.0% 



637, 9C9 



91. 6% 
100.0% 



97. 6% 
100.0% 



3,160 

3,490 

3,265.0 



19,401 
20,662 
3, 238. 7 



3,906 

4,019 

1,219.6 



11,496 
11,601 
2,164.4 



211 

230 

214.6 



5,611 
6,910 



2,268 
2,288 
426.9 



' Violent crime Is offenses oJ murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
' Property crime Is offenses of burglary, larceny $60 and over and auto theft. 



97 



General United States Crime Statistics 



The data presented in this section are primarily 
of value to law enforcement executives, news media 
and others for the purpose of comparing the crime 
experience of a community with the averages 
reported nationally by communities of similar size. 
Crime trends and rates are tabulated by grouping 
places according to population size. Police perform- 
ance in clearing crimes by arrest is presented by 
population group and geographic division. 

National city averages are also shown indicating 
the type and value of the property stolen, by 
offense and type, and value recovered by police 
investigation. Robbery, burglary and larceny- 
theft are examined by type, as well as where and 
when they occurred. An analysis is provided 
showing weapons used to commit murders as well 
as a distribution of murder victims by age, sex, 
and race. Dispositions made of persons formally 
charged for all criminal offenses are set forth in 
Table 15 and disposition data on juvenile offenders 
is provided by population group in Table 18. 

City, suburban and rural arrest rates are 
shown for all criminal offenses. Arrest rates by 
population group are also listed for specific 



offenses. This is another step in building totals for 
crime categories other than those in the Crime 
Index and in presenting crimes known to the police 
through arrests. 

Statistical data relating to suburban areas are 
provided for the use of law enforcement officials in 
suburban communities in making limited com- 
parisons. Places used to establish totals for 
suburban areas include cities with 50,000 or less 
population together with county law enforcement 
agencies in standard metropolitan statistical areas. 
Of course, the crime experience of the large core 
city is excluded. 

It is important to remember in studying averages 
that usually about half the units used must be 
above and about half below. National averages 
can provide the police administrator with valuable 
guidance in analyzing the local crime count, as 
well as the performance of his force in combating 
crime. The analysis, however, does not end with 
such a comparison, for it is only through an 
appraisal of local conditions that a clear picture of 
the community crime problem or the effectiveness 
of the police operation is possible. 



99 



Tabic 6.- 



Zrime Tnnds, Ofhnses Known to fhe Police, 1969-70, by Population Groups 

[1970 population] 





a rand 
total 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent 
crime" 


Property 
crime ' 


Criminal homicide 


Forci- 
ble rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 
glary — 
break- 
ing or 
entering 


Larceny — thett 




Population group 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 
by 
negli- 
gence 


$60 and 
over 


Under 
$60 


Auto 
thett 


TOTAL ALL AGENCIES: 
6,695 agencies; total popu- 
lation 168.120,000: 
1969 


6,494,613 

7,146,430 

-1-10.0 


4,501,202 

4,977,076 

+10.6 


587,746 
665,606 
+11.5 


3,913,456 

4,321.470 

+10.4 


12,795 
13,764 

+7.6 


7,624 
7,136 
-6.4 


32,433 
33,237 

+2.5 


285,303 
332.665 
+16.6 


257,215 
275,940 

+7.3 


1,753,914 

1,936.974 

+10.4 


1,345,158 

1,527,334 

+13. B 


1.985.687 
2.162.218 

+8.9 


814,384 


1970 


857.162 


Peicent change 


+5.3 


TOTAL CITIES: 4,033 cities; 

total population 116,634,000: 

1969 


5,485,492 
6,017,238 

-1-9.7 


3,769,672 

4,143,305 

+9.9 


517,956 
578,860 
+11.8 


3,251,716 

3,564,445 

+9.6 


10,522 
11,208 
+6.5 


4,708 
4,330 
-8.0 


25,603 
26,300 

+2.7 


267.901 
312,682 

+16.7 


213.930 

228,670 

+6.9 


1,420,969 

1,565,196 

+10.1 


1,104,469 

1,237,071 

+12.0 


1,711.112 

1,869,603 

+9.3 


726,278 


1970 . 


762,178 


Percent chance 


+4.9 


OKOUP I 

66 cities over 260,000; popu- 
lation 41,436,000: 
1969 


2,704,010 

2,889,867 

-f-6.9 

1,221,076 

1,318,697 

+8.0 

842,716 

872, 164 

+3.6 

640,218 

699,106 

+9.2 

720,463 
805, 147 
+11.8 


2,052,616 

2,184,463 

+6.4 

981,111 
1,054,699 

+7.6 

638,006 

664,195 

+2.6 

433,600 

476,669 

+9.7 

470,266 
634,336 
+13.6 


361,489 
400,731 
+10.9 

199,310 
225,811 
+13.3 

105,798 

111,091 

+6.0 

56,381 
63,829 
+13.2 

61,096 
67,323 
+12.2 


1,691,127 

1,783,732 

+5.6 

781,801 

828,888 

+6.0 

532,207 

543,104 

+2.0 

377, 119 

411,740 

+9.2 

419, 160 
477,012 
+13.8 


6,822 
7,361 
+7.9 

3,127 
3,468 
+10.6 

2,342 
2,366 
+1.0 

1,353 
1,637 
+13,6 

1,262 
1,407 
+11.6 


2,495 
2,289 
-8.3 

812 

770 

-5.2 

937 

874 

-6.7 

746 

645 

-13.6 

736 

710 

-3.6 


16.403 

16,611 

+.7 

7,392 
7,216 
-2.4 

5,931 
6,161 
+3.9 

3,080 
3,134 

+1.8 

2,961 
3,208 
+8.3 


212,065 
246,638 
+16.3 

120,205 
146,815 
+21,3 

63,334 
67,168 
+6.1 

28,626 
33,556 
+17.6 

20,928 
24,622 
+17.2 


126, 199 

130, 321 

+3.3 

68,686 
69,322 
+1.1 

34,191 
36,396 
+3.6 

23,422 
26,603 
+9.3 

25,946 
28,186 
+8.6 


756,261 

811,320 

+7.3 

352,384 

376,634 

+6.9 

236,080 
246,699 

-H.5 

167,787 
188,087 
+12.1 

182,607 
210,348 

+16.3 


483,973 

506,702 

+4.7 

230,066 

235,688 

+2.4 

135,006 

141,189 

+4.6 

118,902 

129,825 

+9.2 

144,799 
167, 769 
+16.9 


648,899 

703,106 

+8.4 

239,163 
263,128 
+10.0 

203,774 

217,086 

+6.6 

206,972 

222,892 

+8.2 

249,471 

270. 102 

+8.3 


450,903 


1970 


465,710 




+3.3 


6 cities over 1,000,000; popu- 
1989 


199,362 




216,666 




+8.7 


19 cities, 600,000 to 1,000,000: 
population 12,227,000: 
1969 - 


161, 121 


1970 


165,216 




-3.7 


30 cities, 260,000 to 600,000; 
population 10,466,000: 


90,430 


1970 


93,828 




+3.8 


QEOUP n 

96 cities, 100,000 to 260,000; 
population 13,602,000: 
1969 --- 


91,854 


1970 


98,895 


Percent change 


+7.7 



See footnotes at end of table. 



100 



Table 6. — Crime Trends, Offenses Known to the Police, 1969-70, by Population Groups — Continued 



Population group 



246 cities, SO.OOO to 100,000; 
population 16,993,000: 

1969 

1970. 

Percent change 

QROUP TV 

486 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; 
population 16,833,000: 

1969 

1970 

Percent change 

QEOITP V 

1,117 cities, 10,000 to 26,000; 
population 17,490,000: 

1969. 

1970 

Percent change 

GROUP VI 

2,034 cities under 10,000; 
population 10,380,000: 

1969 

1970 

Percent change 

SUBURBAN AREA ' 

2,234 agencies; population 
66,121,000: 

1969 

1970 

Percent change 

BUBAL AREA 

1,322 agencies; population 
21,981,000: 

1969.. 

1870 

Percent change 



692, 771 
778, 337 
+12.4 



592,667 
670,381 
+13.1 



524,060 
690,366 
+12.7 



251, 621 
283,160 
+12.6 



257,465 
290,301 
+12.8 



Crime 
Index 
total 



431,765 
488,417 
+13.1 



369,770 
423,422 
+14.5 



300,608 
346,480 
+16.3 



144,657 
166,188 
+14.9 



1,047,113 

1, 194, 566 

+14.1 



194,029 
223,830 
+14.8 



39,303 
44,201 
+12.6 



30,028 
35,194 
+17.2 



24,104 
27,628 
+14.6 



87,583 
99,249 
+13.3 



20,265 
21, 874 
+7.9 



392,462 
444,216 
+13.2 



339, 742 
388,228 
+14.3 



276,504 
318,854 
+13.3 



Criminal homicide 



11,936 132,721 
13, 785 152, 403 
+15.5 +14.8 



959,530 

1,095,317 

+14.2 



174,664 
201,056 
+15.6 



Man- 
slaughter 
by 
negli- 
gence 



1,977 
2,130 

+7.7 



1,025 
1,178 
+14.9 



Forci- 
ble rape 



1,780 
1,797 
+1.0 



1,641 
1,464 
-10.8 



2,267 
2,603 
+10.9 



1,803 
1,857 
+3.0 



1,510 
1,486 



7,257 
7,318 
+.8 



2,087 
+6.2 



Rob- 
bery 



15,553 
17,960 
+15.4 



11,079 
13,808 
+24.6 



7,458 
+21.0 



2,110 
2,406 
+14.0 



27,767 
33,187 
+19.5 



3,030 
+14.1 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



20,628 
22,864 
+10.8 



16,438 
18,808 
+14.4 



15,829 
18, 116 
+14.4 



8,891 
10,376 
+16.7 



60,682 
66,614 
+11.9 



Bur- 
glary — 
break- 
ing or 
entering 



164, 370 
184,950 
+12.5 



136, 751 
155,811 
+13.9 



Larceny — theft 



59, 261 
65,931 
+11.3 



433,687 
484,258 
+11.7 



164,687 
181,425 
+17.3 



146,096 
171,053 
+17.1 



117,294 
140, 749 
+12.3 +20.0 



57,620 
69,373 
+20.4 



379,244 
450, 137 
+18.7 



14,601 97,181 
15,579 108,906 74,732 
+6.7 +12.1 +24.9 



> Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 

' Property crime is oflenses of burglary, larceny $50 and over and auto theft. 

' Includes suburban, city, and county police agencies within metropolitan areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban cities are also included in other city groups. 



101 



Table 7. — Crime Trends, Of femes Known to the Police, 1969-70, for Suburban and Nonsuburban Cities^ by Population Groups 

[1970 Population) 





Grand 
total 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent 
crime 2 


Property 
crime ' 


Criminal homicide 


Forci- 
ble rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 
break- 
ing or 
entering 


Larceny — theft 




Population group 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 
by 
negli- 
gence 


$50 and 
over 


Under 
$60 


Auto 
theft 


Suburban Cities 
TOTAL SUBURBAN CIT- 
IES: MM cities; total pop- 
uUtlon 26.616,000: 
1969 


821,115 
930,040 
+13.3 


510,612 
584,625 
+14.5 


38,058 
44.377 
+16.6 


472.454 
540.248 
+14.3 


729 
752 

+3.2 


SOS 

455 

-9.9 


2,410 
2,468 

+2.4 


13.021 
16.234 

+24.7 


21.898 
24.923 
+13.8 


197.923 
221.386 
+11.9 


198.391 
234,606 
+18.3 


310.098 
344.960 
+11.2 


76,140 


1970 


84.256 




+10.7 






QEOUP IV 

313 cities 25,000 to 60,000; 
population 10,888,000: 
1969 -... 


374, 661 
424,630 
-f-13.3 

317,796 
360, 169 
-1-13.3 

128,768 
145, 341 
-(-12.9 

647,133 
613,857 
-(-12.2 


242,666 
276, 046 
+13.8 

190,428 
219,978 
+16.6 

77,428 
88,601 
+14.4 

304,523 
351,465 

+15.4 


18,948 
21,835 
+15.2 

13,369 
15,941 
+19.2 

6,741 
6,601 
+16.0 

28,010 
32,228 
+15.1 


223,708 
254,211 
+13.6 

177, 059 
204,037 
+16.2 

71,687 
82,000 
+14.4 

276,613 
319,237 
+15.6 


356 
364 

+2.2 

255 

273 

+7.1 

118 

115 

-2.5 

844 

804 

-4.7 


276 

223 

-18.9 

163 

165 

-4.9 

67 

77 

+14.9 

333 
330 
-.9 


1,119 
1,161 
+2.9 

966 

944 

-1.3 

335 

373 

+11.3 

1,572 
1,610 

+2.4 


7,701 
9,675 
+25.6 

3,935 
6,059 
+28.6 

1,385 
1,600 
+8.3 

6,334 
7,438 

+17.4 


9.772 
10,645 
+8.9 

8,223 
9,665 
+17.6 

3,903 
4,613 

+18.2 

19.260 
22.376 
+16.2 


89,377 
101,303 
+13.3 

77,615 

85,889 
+10.7 

30,931 
34, 194 
+10.6 

119,918 
137,192 
+14.4 


93,261 

.108,240 

+16.1 

73,932 
88,997 
+20.4 

31,208 
37,369 
+19.7 

122,619 
146,669 
+19.5 


131,620 
148,261 
+12.6 

127,206 
140.036 
+10.1 

51,273 
66,663 
+10.6 

242.277 

262,062 

+8.2 


41,080 


1970 - 


44,668 




+8.7 


GROUP V 

681 cities 10,000 to 26,000; 
population 10,844,000: 
1969 


25,612 


1970 


29,151 




+14.3 


OBOUP VI 

900 cities under 10,000; popu- 
lation 4,883,000: 
1969 


9,648 


1970 - 


10,437 




+9.3 


Nonsuburban Cities 

TOTAL NONSUBUBBAN 

CITIES: 1,743 clUes; total 
popuUUon 18,087,000: 
1969 -- 


33,976 


1970 - 


36.476 




+4.4 






OEOUP IV 

173 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; 
population 6,944,000: 
1969 


218, 116 
245,861 
-(-12.7 

206,264 
230.187 
+11.6 

122,763 
137,819 
+12.3 


127, 114 
147,376 
+16.9 

110, 180 
126,602 
+14.8 

67,229 
77,687 
+16.4 


11,080 
13,369 
+20.6 

10,735 
11,685 
+8.8 

6,196 
7,184 
+16.0 


116,034 
134, 017 
+16.5 

99,446 
114,817 
+16.6 

61,034 
70,403 
+15.4 


362 

357 

+1.4 

344 

293 

-14.8 

148 

164 

+4.1 


176 

179 

+2.3 

112 

82 
-26.8 

46 

69 

+60.0 


684 

706 

+3.2 

564 

642 

-2.2 

334 
362 

+8.4 


3,378 
4,133 

+22.4 

2,231 
2.399 
+7.5 

725 

906 

+26.0 


6,666 
8,163 
+22.5 

7,606 
8,451 
+11.1 

4,988 
5,762 
+16.6 


47,374 
54,608 
+16.1 

44,214 
60.947 
+16.2 

28.330 
31.737 
+12.0 


52,845 
62,813 
+18.9 

43,362 
61,762 
+19.3 

26,412 
32,004 
+21.2 


90,827 
98,296 
+8.2 

96,972 

103,603 

+8.0 

66,478 
60,163 

+8.4 


16,815 


1970 


16.696 




+5.6 


GROUP V 

436 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; 
population 6,646,000: 
1969 


11,869 


1970 


12, 118 




+2.1 


GROUP VI 

1,134 cities under 10,000; pop- 
ulation 6,497,000: 
1969 


6,292 


1970 


6,662 




+6.9 







' Suburban places are within Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas and Include suburban city and county police agencies within the metropolitan area. 
Excludes core cities; nonsuburban places are outside S.M.S.A.'s. 

3 Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
• Property crime Is offenses of burglary, larceny $60 and over and auto theft. 



102 



Table 8. — Crime 



Trendt, Offenses Known to the Police, 1969-70, for Suburban and Nonsuburban Counties by Population Groups 

[1970 population] 



Population group 



Soburban Conntlee 

Over 100,000 

78 counties, population 
18,695,000: 

1969. 

1970 

Percent change 

iS,000 to 100,000 

177 counties, population 
9,6M,000: 

1969 

1970 

Percent change 

10.000 to 16,000 

63 counties, population 
1,204,000: 

1969 

1970... 

Percent change 

NonSQbarbmn Counties 

iS.OOO to 100,000 

247 counties, population 
9,952,000; 

1969.. 

1970 

Percent change 

10,000 to 16,000 

486 counties, population 
7,696,000: 

1969.. 

1970 

Percent change 

Under 10,000 

1)73 counties, population 
3,285,000: 

1969 

1970 

Percent change 



641,486 
607,706 
+12.2 



143,076 
157,463 

+iai 



16,722 
17,782 
+13.1 



84,108 
98,221 
+16.8 



61, 171 
68,996 
+12.8 



32,182 
37,026 
+16.1 



Crime 
Index 
total 



378, 295 
432,429 
+14.3 



105,358 
118,659 
+12.6 



12,824 
14,611 
+13.2 



60,626 
73,429 
+21.1 



46,652 
63,253 
+14.4 



24,888 
28,719 
+16.4 



34,860 
39,133 
+12.3 



10,220 
10,835 
+&0 



1,272 
1,477 
+16.1 



6,969 
8,160 
+17.3 



6,414 
6,396 
-.3 



2,584 
2,814 

+a9 



95,138 
107,824 
+13.3 



11,652 
13,034 
+12.8 



53,667 
65,269 
+21.6 



41,138 
47,857 
+16.3 



22,304 
25,905 
+16.1 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



slaughter 
by 
negli- 
gence 



Forci- 
ble rape 



3,071 
3,095 
+.8 



1,230 
1,153 



Rob- 
bery 



11,250 
13,116 
+16.6 



2,252 
2,577 
+14.4 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



19,790 
22,095 
+11.6 



6,408 
6,762 
+5.6 



4,100 
3,998 



1,978 
2,147 
+8.6 



Bur- 
glary — 
break- 
ing or 
entering 



160,982 
179,828 
+11.7 



49,887 
66,031 
+12.3 



6,884 
+7.8 



29,630 
36,112 
+18.9 



22,365 
25,198 
+12.7 



11,766 
13,206 
+12.3 



Larceny — theft 



132, 076 
157,354 
+19.1 



35,224 
41, 475 

+17.7 



4,070 
4,964 
+21.7 



19,976 
25,648 
+28.4 



16,093 
19, 813 
+23.1 



9,223 
11,224 
+21.7 



162, 779 

174,826 

+7.4 



37,419 
38,608 
+2.9 



2,868 
3,181 
+11.3 



23,382 
24,700 
+5.6 



14,604 
16,606 
+7.6 



7,232 
8,247 
+14.0 



' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
* Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny $60 and over and auto theft. 



103 



Table 9. — Crime Rates, Offenses Known to the Police, 1970, 6y Population Groups 

[1970 population. Rate=Number of crimes per 100,000 inhabitants] 





Grand 
total 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent 
crime ' 


Property 

crime ■ 


Criminal homicide 


Forci- 
ble rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 
glary — 
break- 
ing or 
entering 


Larceny 


—theft 




Population group 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 
by 
negli- 
gence 


$60 and 
over 


Under 
$50 


Auto 
theft 


TOTAL ALL AGENCIES: 

6,414 agende8;total popa- 
Utlon 177.476,000: 
Nomber of ofTenses 
known --. 


r, 548, 166 
4253.1 


5,243,654 
2954.6 


690,510 
389.1 


4,553,144 
2565.5 


14, 164 
8.0 


7,331 
4.1 


34,585 
19.5 


341,508 
192.4 


300,263 
169.2 


2.034,717 
1146.5 


1,631,645 
919.4 


2,297,181 
1294.4 


886,782 
499.7 






TOTAL CITIES: 4,481 
cities; total population 
121,254,000: 
Number of offenses 
Ifjiown -- 


5,346,537 
5234.1 


4,351,684 
3588.8 


607,784 
501.2 


3,743,800 
3087.6 


11,316 
9.3 


4,437 
3.7 


27,163 
22.4 


320,634 
264.4 


248,671 
205.1 


1,635,042 
1348.4 


1,323,567 
1091.6 


1,990,516 
1641.6 


785, 191 
647.6 






OEOtrp I 

66 cities over 260,000; popu- 
lation 42,181,000: 
Number of oSenses 


3,016,998 
7162. 6 

1,318,697 
7036. 

988.273 
7618,8 

710, 128 
6786.0 

876,429 
6237.6 

817,711 
4692.7 


2,260,404 
5336.1 

1, 064, 699 
6627. 1 

717, 566 
6631.8 

478, 149 
4668.6 

689,646 
4196. 6 

616,607 
2969.0 


413, 669 
980.4 

225,811 
1204.8 

123, 182 
949.6 

64,666 
616.9 

63,278 
460.3 

47,661 
273.6 


1,836,846 
4364.7 

828,888 
4422.3 

694, 374 
4682.2 

413,683 
3961. 6 

626, 368 
3746. 1 

467,946 
2686.5 


7,361 
17.5 

3,468 
18.4 

2,366 
18.2 

1,637 
14.7 

1,407 
10.0 

912 
6.2 


2,317 
6.6 

770 
4.1 

902 
7.0 

645 
6.2 

744 
6.3 

665 
3.2 


16,764 
39.7 

7,216 
38.6 

6,414 
49.4 

3,134 
29.9 

3,331 
23.7 

2,671 
16.3 


248,611 
689.4 

146, 816 
778.0 

69,241 
633.8 

33, 665 
320.6 

27,960 
198.9 

19,202 
110.2 


140,823 
333.9 

69,322 
369.9 

46, 161 
348.2 

26,340 
261.7 

30, 690 
217.7 

24,876 
142.8 


821,629 
1947.9 

376,634 
2008.9 

267,008 
1981. 3 

188,087 
1797. 1 

236,693 
1684.6 

194,203 
1114. 6 


644,192 
1290. 1 

236,688 
1267. 6 

176,836 
1363.3 

131,668 
1268.0 

186,099 
1317.3 

190,629 
1094.0 


764,277 
1811.9 

263,128 
1403.9 

269,816 
2080.1 

231,334 
2210.3 

286, 039 
2036.7 

301,549 
1730. 6 


471,024 


Rate 


1116.7 


e cities over 1,000,000; pop- 
ulation 18,743,000: 
Number of offenses 

known .. 

Rate 


216,666 
1166.0 


20 cities, 600,000 to 1,000,000; 

population 12,971,000: 

Number of offenses 


160,630 




1237.6 


30 cities, 260,000 to 600,000; 

population 10,466,000: 

Number of offenses 


93,828 




896.6 


OEOUP n 

98 cities, 100,000 to 260,000; 

population 14,061,000: 

Number of offenses 


104,676 




744.3 


QBOUF m 

252 cities, 60,000 to 100,000; 

population 17,426,000; 

Number of offenses 


83,114 


Rate -- 


477.0 



See footnotes at end of table. 



104 



Table 9. — Crime Rates, Offenses Known to the Police, 1970, by Population Groups— Continued 



Population group 



GBOCP IT 

604 cities, 26,000 to 60,000; 

population 17,398,000: 

Number of offenses 

known _ 

Rate 



OEOtTP V 

1,177 cities, 10,000 to 26,000; 

population 18,466,000: 

Number of offenses 

known 

Rate.- 



GROUP TI 

2,394 cities under 10,000; 

population 11,733,000: 

Niunber of offenses 

known 

Rate - - 



SUBURBAN AREA ' 

2,416 agencies; population 
69,177,000: 
Number of offenses 

known 

Rate.. 



RURAL AREA 

1 ,663 agencies; population 
26,012,000: 
Number of offenses 

known 

Rate 



701,308 
4030. 9 



619. 420 
3364.3 



314, 671 
2682.0 



1, 864, 242 
3160.3 



318,002 
1271. 4 



Crime 
Index 
total 



443,429 
2648.7 



366, 779 
1980. 8 



186, 719 
1691. 4 



1, 264, 691 
2137. 



37,297 
214.4 



29,403 
169.2 



16,686 
141.4 



104, 666 
176.7 



26,481 
101.9 



406, 132 
2334.3 



336, 376 
1821. 6 



170, 133 
1460. 1 



1, 160, 036 
1960.3 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

mau' 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 
by 
negli- 
gence 



Forci- 
ble rape 



Rob- 
bery 



1, 960 14, 316 
11.2 



7,671 
13. 



3,333 
13.3 



20,302 
116.7 



19, 430 
106.2 



12, 650 
107.8 



50,116 
101.6 



18,412 
73.6 



Bur- 
glary — 
break- 
ing or 
entering 



163, 667 
940.1 



144, 969 
786.0 



73,981 



61S, 868 
871.7 



119,345 
477.2 



Larceny — theft 



Under 
$60 



178,394 
1026.4 



257, 466 
1479. 8 



253,395 
1372. 2 



81, 379 
326.4 



697,811 
1010. 2 



70, 198 
280.7 



43, 220 
234.0 



19,086 
162.7 



170,303 

287.8 



I Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
' Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny $50 and over and auto theft. 

' Includes suburban, city, and county police agencies within metropolitan areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban cities are also included hi other city groups. 
Population figures rounded to the nearest thousand. All rates were calculated on the population before rounding. 



105 



439.758 O - 71 



Table 10. — Crime Rates, Offenses Known to the Police, 1970, for Suburban and Nonsuburban Cities by Population Groups 

[1970 population. Rate: Number of crimes per 100,000 inhabitants] 



Population group 



Suburban Cities 

TOTAL SUBURBAN 
CITIES: 
2,045 cities; total popula- 
tlon 27,967,000: 
Number of olTenses 

icnown 

Rate - --. 



QEOCP IT 

323 Cities, 25,000 to 50,000; 

population 11,190,000: 

Number of offenses 

known 

Rate 



QRODP V 

714 cities, 10,000 to 26,000; 

population 11,428,000: 

Number of offenses 

known 

Rate 



1,008 cities under 10,000; 
population 5,350,000: 
Number of offenses 

known 

Rate 



Nonsuborlian CitJefl 

TOTAL NONSUBURBAN 
CITIES: 
2.030 cities :toUI 
popniation 19,630,000: 
Number of offenses 

linown 

Rate 



OBOUPIV 

181 cities, 26,000 to 60,000; 
population 6,209,000: 
Number of offenses 

known 

Rate 



OEOCP V 

463 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; 
population 7,039,000: 
Number of offenses 

Itnown 

Rate 



OEOUP VI 

1,386 cities under 10,000; 

population 6,383,000: 

Number of offenses 

known 

Rate 



980,616 
3606.3 



442,185 
3951. 7 



379,662 
3322.3 



168,768 
2967.8 



654,784 
3335.6 



259, 123 
4173. 6 



239,768 
3406.4 



166,903 
2442.6 



Crime 
Indes 
total 



618,800 
2212. 6 



288,605 
2578.3 



233,042 
2039.3 



97,253 
1817.9 



377, 127 
1921. 2 



164.924 
2496. 3 



132, 737 
1886.9 



89,466 
1401. 6 



47,310 
169.2 



16,879 
147.7 



7,605 
140.3 



35,976 
183.3 



14,371 
231.6 



12,624 
177.9 



9,081 
142.3 



571,490 
2043.4 



265, 679 
2373.4 



216, 163 
1891. 6 



89, 748 
1677. 6 



341, 151 
1737.9 



140, 653 
2263.9 



120,213 
1707.9 



80,385 
1259.4 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughtei 
by 
negli- 
gence 



Forcl 
ble rape 



Rob- 
bery 



16,988 
60.7 



6,286 
46.2 



1,688 
31.6 



2,601 
35.6 



1,061 
16.9 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



26,935 
96.3 



11,337 
101.3 



10,311 
90.2 



25,447 
129.6 



8,965 
144.4 



9,119 
129.6 



Bur- 
glary — 
break- 
ing or 
entering 



235,538 
842.2 



106,642 
953.0 



37, 616 
701.3 



146,979 

748.7 



56,925 
916.9 



63,689 
761.4 



36,465 
671.3 



Larceny — theft 



112,129 
1002.1 



94,272 
824.9 



40,765 
762.0 



156,481 
797.2 



66,265 
1067.3 



63,916 
766.0 



361,344 
1292. 



153, 461 
1371. 4 



146,460 
1281.6 



61,433 
1148.3 



277,307 
1412.7 



104,016 
1675. 4 



106,935 
1519. 3 



66,357 
1039.6 



■ Violent crime Is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
* Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny $60 and over and auto theft. 



106 



Table 11. — Crime Rates, Offenses Known to the Police, 1970, Suburban and Nonsuburban Counties by Population Groups 

[1970 population. Bate: Number of crimes per 100,000 Inhabitants] 





Grand 
total 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent 
crime' 


Property 
crime 2 


Criminal homicide 


Forci- 
ble rape 


Rob- 
bery 


assault 


Bur- 
break- 
ing or 
entering 


Larceny — theft 




Population group 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 
by 
negli- 
gence 


$60 and 
over 


Under 
$60 


Auto 
theft 


Sabnrbaii Counties 




























Over 100,000 




























82 counties, population 
19,676,000: 
Number of offenses 




























known 

Rate 


642,687 
3283.0 


460,194 
2360.8 


40,699 
207.9 


419, 496 
2142. 9 


878 
4. 6 


453 
2.3 


3,266 
16.6 


13,638 
69.2 


23,027 
117.6 


193, 669 
988.7 


166, 178 
848.9 


182,040 
929.9 


69,768 
306.3 


tS.OOO to 100,000 


















194 counties, population 
10,263,000: 
Number of offenses 




























known 


163,605 
1694.7 


123,405 
1203.6 


11,380 
111.0 


112,025 
1092.6 


375 
3.7 


314 
3.1 


1,180 
11.5 


2,668 
26.0 


7,167 
69.8 


58,271 
568.3 


42,963 
419.0 


39,786 
388.1 


10, 791 
105.3 


Rate,- --- 


10,000 to t6,000 






















70 counties, population 
1,329,000: 
Number of offenses 




























known 


18,830 
1417. 2 


16.479 
1166.0 


1,632 
116.3 


13,947 
1049.7 


65 
4.9 


92 
6.9 


165 
12.4 


269 
19.6 


1,043 
78.6 


7,277 
547.7 


6,365 
403.8 


3,269 
246.3 


1,305 
98.2 


Rate 


Nonsuburban Counties 






















ie,ooo to 100,000 




























271 counties, population 
10,740,000: 
Number of offenses 




























known 


104,819 
976.9 


78,622 
731.1 


9,139 
85.1 


69,383 
646.0 


376 
3.6 


107 
1.0 


808 
7.6 


1,124 
10.6 


6.831 
63.6 


37,227 
346.6 


27,307 
264.2 


26,190 
243.8 


4,849 
46.1 


Rate - -- 


10,000 to IS, 000 






















688 counties, population 
9,243,000: 
Number of offenses 




























known 


80,791 
874.1 


63,059 
682.2 


7,068 
76.6 


66,991 
606.8 


373 
4.0 


171 
1.9 


635 
6.9 


712 
7.7 


6,348 
57.9 


29,906 
323.6 


22,608 
244.6 


17,561 
190.0 


3,477 
37.6 


Rate 


Under 10,000 
























686 counties, population 
3,961,000: 
Number of offenses 




























known , 


43,062 
1087.2 


33,409 
843.5 


3,603 
88.4 


29,906 
766.1 


189 
4.8 


69 
1.7 


287 
7.2 


368 
9.0 


2,669 
67.4 


16,244 
384.9 


12,830 
323.9 


9,684 
242.0 


1,832 
46.3 


Rate 





1 Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
' Property crime is offenses of biuglary, larceny $60 and over and auto theft. 



107 



Table 12.— Offenses Known and Percent Cleared by Arrest, 1970, by Population Groups 

[1970 population] 





Grand 
total 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent 
crime" 


Property 
crime' 


Criminal homicide 


For- 
cible 
rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 

ingor 
enter- 
ing 


Larceny 


-thett 




Population group 


Murder 

and 
nonneg- 

llgent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 

negli- 
gence 


Total 


$50 
and 
over 


Auto 
theft 


TOTAL CITIES 

4.068 citlea:totiiI population 
102,316,000: 

Offensea known 

Percent cleared by 
arrest — 


5,044,868 
21.0 


3,310,390 
20.1 


418,393 
47.6 


2,891,997 
16.1 


8,898 
86.5 


3,978 
80.9 


21,038 
56.4 


Ml. 897 
29.1 


186,560 
64.9 


1,247,541 
19.4 


2,775,734 
18.4 


1,045,234 
11.7 


699,222 
16.9 


OBOUP I 

81 Cities over 250,000; total 
population 29,323,000: 

Oflenses known- 

Percent cleared by 


1,993,910 
22.7 

356,055 
27.4 

988,273 
21.7 

649,682 
21.5 

840,938 
19.9 


1,387,265 
23.2 

233,634 
28.0 

717,656 
22.0 

436,076 
20.3 

567,267 
19.0 


239,966 
48.3 

68,059 
45.7 

123, 182 
41.8 

58,714 
47.4 

61,413 
1 50.3 


1,147,310 
18.0 

175, 676 
22.2 

694,374 
17.9 

377, 361 
16.1 

605,844 
15.2 


5,222 
86.9 

1,461 
87.6 

2,366 
86.0 

1,405 
84.1 

1,363 

88.7 


1,965 
81.6 

482 
86.7 

902 
84.6 

681 
73.7 

719 

80.1 


11,518 
66.3 

2,268 
67.8 

6,414 
65.1 

2,836 
67.6 

3,261 

66.6 


136.951 
29.8 

35.980 
36.4 

69.241 
27.3 

30,730 
27.8 

26,903 
28.3 


87,264 
62.4 

18,360 
69.2 

45. 161 
59.9 

23.743 
69.6 

29,906 
67.7 


602,922 
21.9 

76,979 
23.8 

257,008 
22.5 

169, 936 
20.3 

227,317 
18.8 


936,426 
19.6 

154,514 
24.7 

446.651 
17.8 

334,261 
19.3 

451,360 
17.6 


330,746 
13.2 

32, 676 
19.9 

176,836 
13.2 

121,335 
11.3 

178,398 
U.O 


313,642 
16.6 


3 cities over 1,000,000; total 
population 6,548,000: 

Oflenses known 

Percent cleared by 


67,021 
21.6 


20 cities, 600,000 to 1,000,000; 
total population 12,971,000: 

Oflenses known.- 

Percent cleared by 


160.530 
18.7 


28 cities, 280,000 to 600,000; 
total population 9,804,000: 

Oflenses known.- 

Percent cleared by 


86,091 
14.* 


OBOUF n 

94 cities, 100,000 to 260,000; 
total population 13,541,000: 

Oflenses known 

Percent cleared by 


100,129< 
14.4 



See footnotes at end of table. 



108 



Table IS. 


— Offenses Known 


and Percent Cleared by Arrest, 


7970, by Population Groups— Continued 




Population group 


Grand 
total 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent 
crime' 


Property 
crime ' 


Criminal homicide 


For- 
cible 
rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 


Larceny— theft 




Murder 

and 
nonneg- 
ligent 
man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 
by 
negli- 
gence 


Total 


$60 
and 
over 


Auto 
theft 


OBOOF in 

233 cities, 60,000 to 100,000; 
1 total population 16,120,000: 


728,663 
19.6 

646,028 
19.6 

554,443 
19.8 

280,088 
21.1 

1,626,636 
17.8 

273,984 
24.8 


457,984 
18.0 

406,289 
17.0 

326, 924 
18.6 

166,671 
20.2 

1,096,243 
16.6 

211,490 
25.7 


42.763 
50.6 

33,812 
49.0 

26,011 
68.0 

14,449 
64.3 

90,618 
48.7 

20,031 
71.7 


415, 231 
14.6 

372,477 
14.1 

299,913 
16.2 

161,222 
16.0 

1,005,625 
13.8 

191,469 
20.9 


832 
84.9 

662 
86.4 

549 
90.5 

280 
83.6 

1,889 
82.3 

1,049 
87.7 


519 
81.7 

400 
74.3 

226 
89.3 

160 
78.7 

1,642 
69.1 

1,385 
62.6 


2,339 
53.1 

1,767 
66.9 

1,396 
68.1 

768 
62.9 

6.484 
62.3 

1,916 
70.2 


16,774 
27.3 

12,873 
26.4 

6,991 
28.4 

2,405 
33.6 

30,186 
28.7 

2,619 
47.6 


22,808 
66.1 

18, 610 
• 63.3 

17, 076 
69.1 

10,996 
70.7 

52,059 
69.7 

14,447 
75.2 


172,968 
17.6 

149,433 
16.5 

129,304 
17.6 

65,697 
17.8 

442,802 
16.9 

106,023 
21.1 


440,281 
17.8 

406,468 
18.6 

360,220 
17.6 

182,991 
18.2 

943,641 
15.7 

131,426 
18.6 


170,221 
11.2 

166, 219 
10.7 

131,926 
10.9 

68,724 
11.6 

414,890 
9.9 

70,317 
16.6 


72,042 
16.9 

57,825 
17.5 

38,683 
22.1 

16,901 
27.0 

147,933 
18.1 

16, 119 
38.2 


Percent cleared by arrest. 

OBOtJP IV 

465 cities, 26,000 to 60,000; 
total population 16,076,000: 


Percent cleared by arrest. 

QBOUP V 

1,065 cities, 10,000 to 26,000; 
total population 16,638,000: 


Percent cleared by arrest- 

QEOUP VT 

2,160 cities under 10,000; 
total population 10,618,000: 


Percent cleared by arrest. 

9CBCEBAN ABEA ' 

2,141 agencies; total 
population 52,066,000: 


Percent cleared by arrest. 

BUBAL ABEA 

1,360 agencies; total 
population 21,136,000: 

j Oflenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest. 



> Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 

• Property crime is oflenses of burglary, larceny $50 and over and auto theft. 

' Includes suburban, city, and county police agencies within metropolitan areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban cities are also Included in other city groups 



109 



Table 13. — Ofhnses Known and Percent Cleared by Arrest, 1970, by Geographic Divisiom 

[1970 population] 





Qrand 
total 


Crime 
Tndei 
total 


Violent 
crime 1 


Property 
crime ' 


Criminal homicide 


For- 
cible 
rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 
break- 
ing or 

enter- 
ing 


Larceny— theft 




Geographic division 


Murder 

and 
nonneg- 

llgent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 
by 
negli- 
gence 


Total 


$50 
and 
over 


Auto 
theft 


TOTAL ALL DIVISIONS 




























4,068 clUes; total popniation 
102,316.000; 

OfTenses known. 

Percent cleared b; arrest. 


5,044,868 
21.0 


3,310,390 
20.1 


418,393 

47.6 


2,891,997 
16.1 


8,898 
86.5 


3,978 
80.9 


21,038 
56. 4 


201,897 
29.1 


186,560 
64.9 


1,247.541 
19.4 


2,775,734 
18.4 


1,045,234 
1L7 


599,222 
16.9 


NEW ENGLAND STATES 




























341 cities; total population 
8,750,000: 


339, 391 
17.3 


256,214 
16.9 


17,923 
49.8 


238,291 
14.4 


322 

81.4 


255 
69.4 


928 
61.9 


8,232 
29.3 


8,441 
67.3 


96,716 
16.3 


156, J39 
15.5 


73,217 
12.0 


68,358 


Percent cleared by arrest. 


14.3 


MIDDLE ATLANTIC STATES 




























984 cities; total population 
18,144,000: 


605,467 
25.4 


432,207 
17.6 


51,617 
42.8 


380,590 
14.2 


1,078 
813 


555 
76.2 


2,280 
68.3 


28,067 
25.2 


20,192 
63.5 


156,898 
18.0 


306,494 
14.8 


133,789 
10.1 


89,903 


Percent cleared by arrest. 


13.6 


EAST NOETH CENTRAL STATES 




























870 cities; total population 
23,349,000: 

Offenses known_ 

Percent cleared by arrest. 


1,121,946 
22.2 


696,638 
21.3 


102,013 
46.0 


594,625 
17.1 


2,040 
84.5 


811 

87.8 


4,951 
55.1 


54,136 
32.4 


40,886 
61.1 


235,557 
21.0 


642,765 
19.9 


218,268 
12.7 


140,800 
17.4 


WEST NOETH CENTRAL STATES 




























429 cities; total population 
8,860,000: 


436,610 
22.1 


264,083 
21.3 


30,627 
44.9 


233,456 
18.2 


630 
84.8 


290 
71.7 


1,911 
58.7 


15,451 
25.8 


12,635 
64.3 


98,868 
21.9 


257,940 
19.6 


85,803 
12.2 


48,785 


Percent cleared by arrest. 


21-4 



See footnotes at end of table. 



110 



Table 1 3. — Offenses Known and Percent Cleared by Arrest, 1970, by Geographic Divisions — Continued 



Geographic division 



BOOTH ATLANTIC STATES 

3fi0 cities; total population 
11,626,000: 

Offenses known.- 

Percent cleared by arrest. 

KAST SOUTH CENTRAL STATES 

238 cities; total population 
4,620,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest. 

WEST SOOTH CENTRAL STATES 

300 cities; total population 
11,022,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest. 

MOUNTAIN STATES 

202 cities; total population 
4,622,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest. 



PA cine STATES 

164 cities; total population 
11,323,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest. 



179,961 
20.4 



671, 161 
24.8 



Crime 
Indei 
total 



600,048 
21.7 



135,594 
19.1 



373,223 
23.1 



179,914 
18.2 



760, 179 I 472, 469 
19. 5 I 18. 6 



89,255 
47.8 



16,411 
60.4 



50,322 
62.6 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



410, 793 
16.0 



119,183 
13.4 



322,901 
18.4 



16,803 163,111 
61. 7 14. 7 



43,422 
46.6 



Man- 
slaughter 
by 
negli- 
gence 



Forci- 
ble rape 



Rob- 
bery 



3,040 42,496 
69. 1 26. 2 



5,703 
28.6 



2,678 
67.1 



1,302 
49.9 



3,192 
60.7 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



20,266 
31.7 



21,362 
30.6 



41,767 
67.0 



9,396 
77.4 



26,014 



8,974 
63.2 



18,286 
61.1 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
entering 



190, 676 
18.7 



64,975 
16.0 



163,647 
21.3 



70,447 
18.8 



9,868 
19.6 



Larceny — tlieft 



382,977 
17.8 



86,278 
16.9 



306,861 
22.3 



183,620 
18.2 



452,770 
17.6 



161,700 
11.7 



42,139 



109,653 
14.0 



66,345 
9.0 



68,618 
18.4 



22,069 
14.7 



69,701 
19.3 



27,319 
18.2 



165,420 
1L4 



73,769 
16.3 



' Violent crime is offenses 
' Property crime is offenses 



of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault, 
of burglary, larceny $50 and over and auto theft. 



Ill 



Table 14.— Of/enscs Ckand, 1970, by Arrest of Persons Under 18 Years of Age 

[Percent ot total cleared; 1970 population] 





Grand 
total 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent 
crime' 


Property 
crime ' 


Criminal homicide 


For- 
cible 
rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 

break- 
ing or 
enter- 
ing 


Larceny— theft 




Population group 


Murder 

and 
nonneg- 
ligent 

slaughter 


Man- 
.slaughter 

by. 

negli- 
gence 


Total 


$60 
and 
over 


Auto 
theft 


TOTAL CITIES 

3,981 cities; total popolaUon 

95,924.000: 


955,812 
34.8 


699,603 
29. S 


174,636 
13.4 


424,867 
36.1 


6,722 
6.0 


2,882 
6.0 


10,488 
13.2 


47,010 
21.3 


110,416 
10.6 


224,246 
36.8 


463,783 
40.4 


110,356 
28.6 


90,266 


Percent under 18 


43.6 


QEODP I 

48 cities over 260,000; total 
population 24,882,000: 


373,167 
29.9 

35,742 
22.0 

201,022 
29.4 

136,403 
32.6 

160,092 
33.6 

134,368 
36.7 


269, 991 
26.4 

26,724 
18.9 

147,349 
26.7 

86,918 
28.2 

103,933 
29.3 

77,139 
30.7 


84,579 
14.1 

9,226 
14.4 

48,372 
15.1 

26,981 
12.2 

30,241 
12.8 

20,074 
13.3 


175,412 
32.3 

17,498 
21.2 

98,977 
32.3 

58,937 
35.5 

73,692 
36.0 

57,065 
36.7 


3,650 
6.6 

544 
6.3 

1,946 
6.8 

1,160 

7.8 

1,163 
5.9 

646 
5.3 


1,297 
5.2 

127 
11.0 

748 
6.2 

422 
3.6 

561 
6.1 

416 
6.0 


5,343 
12.7 

634 
17.8 

3,249 
12.1 

1,660 
12.3 

1,776 
13.4 

1,137 
11.9 


29,584 
21.2 

3,866 
13.9 

17,532 
23.6 

8,186 
19.3 

7,396 
21.2 

4,148 
20.8 


46,002 
10.3 

4,282 
16.4 

25,645 
10.3 

16,075 
8.9 

19,906 
10.0 

14,143 
11.7 


97,595 
31.1 

8,348 
25.1 

55,692 
30.3 

33,655 
34.0 

40,947 
36.3 

28,454 
38.9 


146,692 
34.9 

11,376 

27.6 

71,976 
33.6 

63,340 
37.6 

74,468 
38.3 

74,750 
41.1 


34,813 
23.5 

2,485 
13.0 

19,051 
22.8 

13,277 
26.6 

18,860 
27.1 

17,937 
28.3 


43,004 


Percent under 18 

2 cities over 1,000,000; total 
population 3,181,000; 


42.0 
6,666 


Percent under 18 

19 cities, 500,000 to 1,000,000; 
total population 12,256,000: 


19.5 
24,234 


Percent under 18 

27 cities 260,000 to 600,000; 
total population 9,446,000: 


44.6 
12,105 


Percent under 18 

QEOtJPn 

91 cities, 100,000 to 260,000; 
total population 13,135,000: 


49.3 
13,885 


Percent under 18 

OBonpra 

224 cities, 60,000 to 100,000; 
total population 16,516,000: 


47.3 
10,674 


Percentunderl8 


45. 2 



See footnotes at end of table. 



112 



Table 14. — Offenses Cleared, 1970, by Arrest of Persons Under 18 Years of ^ge— Continued 



Population group 



454 cities, 26,000 to 60,000; 
total population 16,667,000; 

Total clearances , 

Percent under 18 



1,047 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; 
total population 16,347,000: 

Total clearances 

Percent under 18 



QEODP VI 

2,117 cities, under 10,000; 
total population 10,379,000: 

Total clearances 

Percent under 18 



SUBURBAN AHEA ' 

2,090 agencies; total popula- 
tion 49,910,000: 

Total clearances 

Percent under 18 



BUBAL ABEA 

1,306 agencies; total popula- 
tion 20,151,000: 

Total clearances 

Percent under 18 



123,620 
41.0 



107,083 
40.9 



67,682 
41.3 



63,690 
26.6 



Crime 
Index 
total 



32,645 
35.0 



174,081 
32.1 



50,586 
24.6 



16, 114 
13.3 



14,681 
11.6 



9,047 
11.7 



42,148 
14.2 



50, 792 
41.0 



44,308 
40.6 



131, 933 
37.9 



37, 660 
30.3 



Criminal homicide 



Man- 
slaughter 
by 



Forci- 
ble rape 



3,197 
13.7 



Rob- 
bery 



3,168 
22.3 



1,941 
21.7 



7,758 
22.2 



1,161 
11.6 



11,417 
11.0 



11,371 
10.1 



7,677 
10.6 



29, 691 
12.6 



Bur- 
glary^ 
break- 
ing or 
entering 



23,929 
45.1 



21,937 
44.9 



67,209 
41.4 



21,002 
34.0 



Larceny — theft 



73,341 
46.4 



61,963 
46.3 



142,248 
43.0 



23,151 
26.6 



13,968 
32.6 



7,768 
37.1 



39, 018 
30.6 



10,894 
21.7 



9,843 
44.3 



8,403 

42.7 



4,456 
40.9 



' Violent crime oflenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 

' Property crime is oflenses of burglary, larceny $60 and over and auto theft. 

3 Includes suburban, city, and coimty police agencies within metropolitan areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban cities are also Included In other city groups 



113 



Table 1 5. — Disposition of Persons Formally Charged by the Police; 1970 

[3,026 cities; 1970 population 68,897,000] 



Charged 

(held for 

prosecution) 



Guilty 



Referred to 
juvenile 

COlU't 



Total 

Criminal homicide; 

(a) Murder and nonnegUent manslaughter. . . 

(b) Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault. 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft 

Autotheft 

Violent crime ' 

Property crime' 

Subtotal for above offenses 

Other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Oambllng 

Offenses against family and children. 

Driving under the Influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness _ 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses 



3,686 
961 
4,916 
23,320 
38,466 
97,282 
236,496 
47. 619 

70.286 
381,296 



462,643 



123,729 
3.163 
13,903 
28,133 
2,884 
20.043 



37,164 
11, 818 
19,278 
93.683 
27,877 
22,919 
177,846 

106,006 
803,823 
217,237 
29,606 
376,637 



36.2 
38.4 
27.7 
26.2 
36.3 
23.1 
46.6 
18.7 

31.9 
36.6 



46.4 
17.8 
66.9 
66.4 
61.1 
36.6 
24.B 



67.6 
61.9 
40.6 
69.0 
66.1 
76.8 

66.1 
91.6 
60.6 



16.6 
11.1 
14.6 



34.3 

4Z2 
34.8 
23.6 
31.1 
12.9 
14.6 
13.9 

29.0 
14.0 



36.0 
16.4 
21.2 
26.8 
32.3 
21.3 
19.9 

22.0 
27.2 
21.2 
26.1 
26.0 
29.1 



23.0 
23.9 
16.8 



21.9 
40.1 
18.1 
66.6 
36.0 
62.1 

26.3 
44.2 



13.7 
62.2 
12.6 



10.3 
36.4 



18.9 
28.4 
1.3 
12.9 



21.1 
1.6 

16.4 
7.1 



' Violent crime Is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
' Property crime Is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



114 



Table 16. — Persons Charged — Percent Arrested or Summoned — 7970 

[1,223 cities; 1970 population 31,200,000) 



Niunber of 
persons 
charged 



Percent of charged 



Arrested Summoned 



Total - 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegUgent manslaughter... 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape -.. 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Autotheft 

Violent crime 

Property crime 

Subtotal for above oflenses 

Other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud- 

Embezzlement _ 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 

Vandalism t _ 

Weapons: carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice.. 

Sex oflenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws... 

Gambling 

Oflenses against family and children 

Driving under the Influence... 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness... 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other oflenses 



1,262 
734 
2,878 
14,619 
22,827 
62, 362 
130, 766 
22,626 



41,486 
206,734 



247,964 



66,673 
2,012 
7,941 

19,002 
1,360 

16, 740 

18,206 

19,866 
9,071 
10,409 
64,806 
10,607 
13,337 
62,368 

48,324 
317, 696 
120, 837 

13,471 
193,963 



84.7 
93.8 
94.9 



82.2 
79.3 



91.6 
71.6 

94.4 
91.3 
89.3 
94.2 
91.6 
67.6 
91.4 

74.9 
96.0 
86.4 
90.3 
78.4 



3.6 
16.3 



13.6 
21.2 
13.6 



18.3 
16.6 



17.8 
20.7 
10.9 
16.6 
19.4 



Table 1 7. — Offenses Known, Cleared; Persons Arrested, Charged and Disposed of in 1970 

[2,221 cities; 1970 population 69,632,000] 



Type 


TOTAL 


Violent I 
crime 


Property ' 
crime 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary- 
breaking 
or en- 
tering 


Larceny- 
theft 


Auto 
theft 




2,925,235 

579,389 

19.8 


209,384 

100,868 

48.2 


2,716,861 

478,621 

17.6 


4,499 
3,863 
86.6 


11,861 
6,667 
66.2 


97,668 

27,012 

27.7 


96,466 

63,336 

66.3 


728,806 

138,266 

18.6 


1,642,098 

286,373 

17.4 


344,981 

66,882 

16.6 










TOTAL ARRESTS.. . 


661,768 

19.2 

279,446 

9.6 

489,471 

16.7 

139, 170 

4.8 

22,641 

.8 

65,295 

2.2 

169,342 

5.8 


89,378 

42.7 

20,703 

9.9 

83,167 

39.7 

20,060 

9.6 

7,116 

3.4 

18,208 

8.7 

16,792 

7.6 


472.390 

17.4 

268,743 

9.6 

406,304 

16.0 

119, 120 

4.4 

16,626 

.6 

47,087 

1.7 

163,660 

6.7 


4,588 

102.0 

496 

11.0 

4,302 

96.6 

1,164 

26.9 

406 

9.0 

1,076 

23.9 

366 

7.9 


6,081 
61.3 

1,243 

10.6 

6,738 

48.4 

1,232 

10.4 

626 

6.3 

1,660 

13.1 

980 

8.3 


31,337 

32.1 

10, 616 

10.8 

28,286 

29.0 

6,660 

6.7 

1,670 

1.6 

4,736 

4.9 

8,262 

8.6 


47,372 

49.6 

8,448 

8.8 

44,841 

47.0 

12,104 

12.7 

4,616 

4.7 

10,846 

11.4 

6,196 

6.6 


116,565 

16.0 

64,276 

8.8 

103, 138 

14.2 

19,269 

2.6 

6,319 

.9 

10, 969 

1.6 

48,248 

6.6 


299,450 

18.2 

169, 603 

9.7 

263, 616 

16.4 

92,087 

6.6 

7,264 

.4 

30,138 

1.8 

78,469 

4.8 


56,375 
16.3 






34,866 

lai 


Per 100 offenses.. 




49,860 




14.4 




7,804 




2.3 


PersonsguUty of lesser oflenses. 


1,962 


Per 100 oflenses.. 


.6 


Persons acquitted or dismissed. 


6,990 


Per 100 oflenses . 


1.7 


Juveniles referred to juvenile court 


26,843 
7.8 







' Violent crime Is oflenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
' Property crime Is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



115 



Table 1 8. — Police Disposition of Juvenile Offenders Taken Into Custody, 1970 

(1970 popolatlonl 



Population group 


Total 1 


Handled 
within de- 
partment 
and released 


Referred to 
juvenile 

court juris- 
diction 


Referred to 
welfare 
agency 


Referred to 

other police 

agency 


Referred to 
criminal or 
adult court 


TOTAL, ALL AGENCIES 

3,933 agencies; total population 101,370,000: 


1,266,151 
100.0 


571,552 
45.1 


636,375 
50.3 


20,035 
1.6 


27,800 
2.2 


10,389 




0.8 






TOTAL CITIES 

3,184 agencies; total popnUtlon 79,568,000: 


1,104,336 
100.0 


504,558 
45.7 


550,367 
49.8 


17, 186 
1.6 


23,220 
2.1 


9,005 




.8 






OBOCP I 

37 cities over 260,000; population 21,311,000: 


288,019 
100.0 

160,066 
100.0 

200,461 
100.0 

181, 499 
100.0 

171,919 
100.0 

102,373 
100.0 

401,866 
100.0 

40,845 
100.0 


108,447 
37.7 

69, 764 
43.6 

100,654 
60.2 

88,171 
48.6 

87,661 
61.0 

49,861 
48.7 

211, 626 
52.6 

13,632 
33.4 


169, 656 
68.9 

84,382 
82.7 

90,926 
46.4 

82,326 
46.4 

76,044 
44.2 

47,033 
46.9 

168,638 
42.0 

23,737 
68.1 


6,258 
2.2 

2,494 
1.6 

2,827 
1.4 

3,316 
1.8 

1,348 

.8 

946 
.9 

4,644 
1.2 

889 
2.2 


2,947 
1.0 

2,704 
1.7 

4,800 
2.4 

6.405 
3.0 

4,594 
2.7 

2,770 
2.7 

12,888 
3.2 

1,768 
4.3 


711 




.2 


GEorp n 
78 cities, 100,000 to 250,000; population 10,719,000: 


721 




.6 


GBOUP m 
192 cities, 50,000 to 100,000; population 13,342,000: 


1,284 




.6 


271 cities, 26,000 to 50,000; population 12,859,000: 


2,281 




1.3 


GROUP V 

831 cities, 10,000 to 26,000; population 13,092,000: 


2,275 




1.3 


1,678 cities, under 10,000; population 8,246,000: 


1,763 




1.7 


BUBUEBAN AEEA • 

1,683 agencies; population 33,847,000: 


4,170 




1.0 


BUBAL AEEA 


832 




2.0 







' Includes all oflenses except traffic and neglect cases. 

> Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

' Includes suburban, city, and county police agencies within metropolitan 



areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban cities also included In other city groups. 



116 



Table 19. — Offense Analysis 1970 — Percent Distribution, Average Value, and Percent Cliange 

Over 1969 

[1,308 cities, 2,600 and over; 1970 population 89,882,0001 



Classification 



Total. 



Highway 

Commercial house 

Gas or service station. 

Chain store 

Residence 

Bank'- 

Miscellaneous 



BUBGLABY— BEEAKINQ OB ENTEEING 



Total. 



Residence (dwelling) : 

Night 

Day. 

Nonresldence (store, oflSce, etc.) : 

Night 

Day 



LAECENT^THErr (EXCEPT AUTO THEFT) 



Total.. 



By type: 

Pocket-picking 

Purse-snatching 

ShoplUting 

From autos (except accessories) . 

Auto accessories.. 

Bicycles 

From buildings 

From coin-operated machines. . . 
All others 



By value: 

$60 and over. 

Under $60 

Autotheft 



273,760 



160,066 
46,688 
11,869 

9,029 
32,762 

1,693 
22,874 



334,134 
410, 261 



471, 107 
78,027 



2,619,466 



36, 101 
80,677 
231,164 
603,300 
626,466 
366,488 
427,842 
38,364 
310, 096 



1,036,288 
1,484,178 



Percent 

change over 

1969 



-fl4.4 



-1-14.9 
-t-12.3 

-1-6.1 
-1-29.1 
-1-34.6 
-1-30.4 

-6.2 



-1-10.0 
-1-13.3 



-1-3.4 
-f6.6 



-1-9.1 
+12.6 
-fl7.3 
+.» 
-1-7.7 
-1-16.9 
-1-6.7 
-2.7 
-1-6.9 



-f8.9 
-t-7.4 



61.8 
16.7 



26.8 
31.7 



20.0 
20.9 
14.6 
17.0 



293 
248 



• Because of rounding the percentages may not add to total. 
' For total U.S., bank robbery Increased from 1,813 offenses in 1 



) to 2,331 In 1970 or 28.6 percent. 



Table 20. — Type and Value of Property Stolen and Recovered, 1970 

[1,307 cities 2,600 and over; 1970 population 82,014,000] 





Value of property 






Stolen 


Recovered 


Percent 
recovered 


Total 


$1,111,900,000 


$466,400,000 


42 








101,200,000 
78,000,000 
9,000,000 
33,300,000 
626,600,000 
363,900,000 


10, 200, 000 
6,400,000 
400,000 
4,600,000 
403, 100, 000 
42,700,000 


10 




7 




6 


Clothing-.. 


14 




77 




12 







117 



Table 21. — Murder Viefims— Weapons Used, 1970 





Number 


Weapons 


Age 


Gun 


Cutting or 
stabbing 


Blunt 
object 
(club, 
hammer, 
etc.) 


Peri?onal 
weapons 
(strangu- 
lations and 
beatings) 


Poison 


Explosives 


Other 
(drownings, 
arson, etc.) 


Unknown 
and not 
stated 


Total 


13,649 
100.0 


9,039 
66.2 


2,424 
17.8 


604 
4.4 


1,031 
7.6 


11 

0.1 


8 
0.1 


353 
2.6 


179 




1.3 








96 
262 
100 
189 

1,222 
2,172 
1,886 
1,472 

1.259 

1,247 

1,003 

793 

672 
462 
298 
201 

221 
215 


6 

38 
36 
112 

869 
1,668 
1,424 
1,068 

868 
860 
644 
497 

329 
269 
161 
95 

62 
146 


4 

13 

8 
30 

203 
421 
332 
271 

234 

227 
189 
149 

127 
68 
48 
32 

42 
26 


5 
18 
6 
9 

46 
43 
38 
39 

61 
56 
63 
49 

40 
38 
38 
21 

33 
13 


66 
119 
32 
12 

53 
90 
61 
74 

66 
74 

84 
77 

53 
49 
33 
30 

61 

7 






20 
61 
16 
22 

37 
36 
15 
17 

19 
15 
18 
11 

9 
21 
9 
8 

17 
12 


6 




4 




9 


6-9 




3 


10-14 






4 




1 
1 
2 




14 


20-24 . -. 




13 


26-29 




13 


30-34 - - - 


3 

1 
2 
2 


10 


36-39- -.- 




10 


40-44 


1 

1 


13 


46-49_ . 


12 


60-64 


10 


65-69 






14 








7 








9 


70-74 






15 








6 




1 




11 









■ Because of rounding tbe percentages do not add to total. 



Table 22. — Murder Victims by Age, Sex, and Race, 1970 





Number 


Percent 


Sex 


Race 




Male 


Female 


White 


Negro 


Indian 


Chinese 


Japanese 


All others 


Totml 


13,649 




10,681 

78.3 


2,968 
21.7 


5.999 
44.0 


7,490 
54.9 


75 
0.5 


13 
0.1 


12 
0.1 


60 




■100.0 


0.4 










96 
262 
100 

189 

1,222 
2,172 
1,885 
1,472 

1,259 

1,247 

1,003 

793 

672 
462 
298 
201 

221 
216 


.7 
1.8 

.7 
1.4 

9.0 
16.9 
13.8 
10.8 

9.2 
9.1 
7.3 
6.8 

4.2 
3.3 
2.2 
1.6 

1.6 
1.6 


56 
136 

51 
117 

988 
1,736 
1,601 
1,162 

990 
980 
812 
637 

472 
3«7 
236 
161 

129 
161 


40 
116 

49 
72 

234 
437 
384 
310 

269 
267 
191 
156 

100 
86 
62 
60 

92 
64 


58 
129 
65 
82 

466 
828 
769 
690 

626 
600 
468 
399 

317 
274 
176 
127 

170 
87 


35 
121 

42 
106 

740 
1,331 
1,108 

861 

720 
732 
634 
391 

262 
174 
119 

72 

61 
102 








3 




1 
1 


1 






5-9 


2 




10-14 


2 
2 




16-19 


10 
9 
9 

12 

10 
10 
6 

1 


2 
1 
2 


2 


20-24 


3 


25-29 


1 
1 

1 
2 

1 
1 


a 


30-34 


8 


36-39. 




3 


40-44. 




3 


46-49. 


4 


1 


60-64 


1 


65-59 




3 


eo-M.. 


1 
1 




1 


2 


66-69 


1 


2 


70-74. 




2 














6 






21 











' Because of rounding the percentages may not add to total. 



118 



Arrest Data 



Tables in the following section provide certain 
personal characteristics of individuals arrested for 
all criminal acts. Arrest rates and trends are shown 
for city, suburban and rural areas, as well as the 
United States as a whole. Tabulations are pub- 
lished containing characteristics of persons ar- 
rested by age, sex and race. 

Arrest statistics are collected annually from con- 
tributing law enforcement agencies and the figures 
used in the tables this year were submitted by 
agencies representing 75 percent of the United 
States population. In using these arrest figures it 
b important to remember that the same person 
may be arrested several times during 1 year for 
the same type or for different offenses. Each arrest 
is counted. Further, the arrest of one person may 
solve several crimes and, in other instances, two 



or more persons may be arrested during the solu- 
tion of one crime. 

Arrests are primarily a measure of police activ- 
ity, as it relates to crime. Although police arrest 
practices vary, particularly with respect to 
juveniles, contributors to this Program are in- 
structed to count one arrest each time an individ- 
ual is taken into custody for committing a specific 
crime. A juvenile is counted as a person arrested 
when he commits an offense and the circumstances 
are such that if the offender were an adult, an 
arrest would be made. 

Arrest data, while primarily a measure of law 
enforcement activity, is also a gauge of criminality 
when used within its limitations, as must be done 
%vith all forms of criminal statistics, including 
court and penal. 



Tofal Estimated Arrests,^ United Statet, 1970 



Total.. 



Criminal homicide: 

Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter. 

Manslaughter by negligence 

Foixdblerape 

Robbery 



Burglary— breaking or entering. 

. Larceny— theft 

Auto theft 



Violent crime. -. 
Property crime - 



Subtotal for above offenses. 
Other assaults 



8,117,700 



16,230 
4,190 
19,060 
98,210 
165,060 
368,100 
748,200 
163,300 



287,560 
1,269,600 



348,900 



Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting... 

Fraud 

Embezzlement. -- 

Stolen property: buying, receiving, possessing 

Vandalism... 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (eicept forcible rape and prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children.^ 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Dnmkenness _ 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except trafllc) 

Suspicion... 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Bunaways 



11,900 
55,600 
104,600 
10,000 
74,000 
141,900 
120,400 
61,700 
69,700 
416,600 
91,700 
78,500 
556,700 
309,000 
1,826,600 
710,000 
113,400 
1,042,600 
83,500 
129,600 
232,700 



' Arrest totals based on all reporting agencies and estimates for unreported areas. 



119 



Table S3. — Arrests, Number and Rate, 1970, by Population Groups 





Cities 


Other areas 


Offense charged 


Total 

(5.270 
agencies: 

toUl 
population 

151,604,000) 


Total city 

arrests 

(3,929 

cities; 

population 

111,408,000) 


Group I 
(65 cities, 

over 

250,000; 

population 

41,819,000) 


Group II 
(90 Cities, 
100.000 to 
250,000; 
population 
12,916,000) 


Group III 
(230 cities, 
60,000 to 
100,000; 
population 
16,959,000) 


Group IV 
(433 cities, 
25,000 to 
60,000; 
population 
16,036,000) 


Group V 
(971 cities, 

10,000 to 

25,000; 

population 

15,416,000) 


Group VI 

(2,160 
cities 
under 
10,000; 
population 
10,264,000) 


Suburban 
area > 
(2,018 
agencies; 
population 
45,206,000) 


Rural 

(1,131 
agencies; 
population 
19,366,000) 




6,500,300 
4.287.7 


5,597,804 
5,024.6 


2,440,545 
5,835.9 


723,705 
5,603.4 


707, 902 
4,435.8 


645,284 
4,291.7 


636,641 
4,129.8 


443,727 
4,323.3 


1,327,608 
2,936.8 


386,006 


Rate per 100,000 
Inhabitants. 


1.993.2 


Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and non- 
negligent man- 


12,836 
8.6 

3.020 

2.0 

16,411 

10.2 

87,687 

67.8 

126, 971 

83.1 

286,418 

188.3 

616,099 

406.4 

127,341 

84.0 


10,774 
9.7 

2,013 

1.8 

12,266 

11.0 

79,747 

71.6 

104,899 

94.2 

231,031 

207.4 

549,600 

493.2 

108,982 

97.8 


7.278 
17.4 

804 

1.9 

7,218 

17.3 

56,928 

136.1 

54,669 

130.7 

106,823 

266.4 

211,476 

606.7 

67,620 

137.8 


1,306 
10.1 

286 

2.2 

1,478 

11.4 

8,207 

63.6 

13,684 

105.2 

31,884 

246.9 

73, 261 

667.2 

13, 731 

106.3 


839 
6.3 

273 

1.7 

1,364 

8.6 

6,262 

39.2 

11, 726 

73.6 

30,468 

190.9 

82,977 

619.9 

13,810 

86.6 


622 
4.1 

260 

1.7 

969 

6.4 

4,362 

29.0 

8,814 

68.6 

24, 716 

164.4 

80,027 

532.3 

10,515 

69.9 


494 
3.2 

235 

1.6 

747 

4.8 

2,727 

17.7 

9,387 

60.9 

23,114 

149.9 

67,319 

436.7 

8,376 

54.3 


236 
2.3 

156 

1.6 

490 

4.8 

1,271 

12.4 

6,730 

66.6 

14,026 

136.7 

34,440 

335.6 

4,931 

48.0 


1,797 
4.0 

742 

1.6 

3,147 

7.0 

11, 678 

26.6 

26, 614 

66.4 

67, 738 

149.8 

144,361 

319.3 

26,667 

59.0 


927 


Rate perlOO.OOO... 
(W Manslaughter by 


4.8 
656 


Rate per 100,000. . . 


3.4 
1,304 


Rate per 100,000 


6.7 




1,928 


Rate per 100,000 


10.0 




8,058 




41.6 


Burglary-^breaking or entering- . 


21, 567 
111.4 




22,867 


Rate per 100,000 


iiai 


Auto theft 


6,613 




34.1 








241,905 

169.6 

1,028,868 

678.6 


207,676 
186.4 

889, 613 
798.4 


126,083 
301.6 

376, 919 
898.9 


24,675 

190.3 

118,876 

920.4 


20, 170 
126.4 

127, 266 
797.4 


14,767 

98.2 

116,258 

766.6 


13,355 

86.6 

98,808 

641.0 


8,726 

86.0 

53,397 

620.3 


42,036 

93.0 

238,766 

628.2 


12,217 


Rate per 100,000 


63.1 




61,047 




263.6 






Subtotal for above 


1,273,783 
840.2 


1,099,202 
986.6 


602,806 
1,202.3 


143, 736 
1, 112. 9 


147, 698 
926.6 


130, 285 
866.6 


112, 398 
729. 1 


62,279 
606.8 


281,544 
622.8 


63,920 


Rate per 100,000 


330.1 




287,027 

189.3 

9,409 

6.2 

43,833 

28.9 

76,861 

60.7 

8,172 

6.4 

61,617 
40.6 


260, 748 

226.1 

7,738 

6.9 

34,886 

31.3 

64,266 

48.7 

7,060 

6.3 

63,396 
47.9 


109,846 

262.7 

3,206 

7.7 

16,414 

36.9 

18,046 

43.2 

1,649 

3.7 

28,118 
67.2 


38,642 
299.2 
1.006 
7.8 
5,209 
40.3 
10,087 
78.1 
3,009 
23.3 

6,764 
44.6 


29,949 

187.7 

1,028 

6.4 

6,074 

31.8 

7,476 

46.8 

617 

3.9 

6,911 
37.0 


29,728 

197.7 

994 

6.6 

3,844 

26.6 

7,238 

48.1 

1,291 

8.6 

5,868 
. 39.0 


26,813 

173.9 

967 

6.3 

3,626 

22.9 

7,639 

49.6 

377 

2.4 

5,011 
32.6 


16,771 

153.7 

637 

6.2 

1,818 

17.7 

3,783 

36.9 

217 

2.1 

2,733 
26.6 


59,470 

131.6 

2,428 

5.4 

9,427 

20.9 

19, 678 

43.3 

1,604 

3.3 

13,248 
29.3 


12,943 




66.8 




832 


Rate per 100,000 


4.3 


Forgery and counterfeiting 

Rate per 100,000 


3,826 
19.8 




12,328 


Rate per 100,000 


63.7 




673 


Rate per 100,000 


3.6 


Stolen property; buying. 


3,007 


Rate per 100,000 


16.6 



See footnotes at end of table. 



120 



Table S3. — Arrestt, Number and Rate, 1970, by Population Groupi— Continued 



Offense charged 



/andallsm 

Rate per 100,000 

Weapons; carrying, possess- 
ing, etc 

Rate per 100,000 

Prostitution and commercial- 
ized vice 

Rate per 100,000 

Jex offenses (except forcible 

rape and prostitution) 

Rate per 100,000 

Varcotic drug laws 

Rate per 100,000 

ambling 

Rate per 100,000 

Offenses against family and 

children 

Rate per 100,000 

Driving under the influence.. 

Rate per 100,000 

Liquor laws 

Rate per 100,000 

Drunlienness 

Rate per 100,000 

Disorderly conduct 

Rate per 100,000 

Vagrancy 

Rate per 100,000 

A.11 other offenses (except 

traffic) 

Rate per 100,000 

Suspicion (not included in 

totals) 

Rate per 100,000 

Curfew and loitering law 

violations 

Rate per 100,000 

Runaways 

Rate per 100,000 



Total 
(5,270 

agencies 
total 

population 



151,604,000) 111,408,000) 



111,671 
73.7 

102, 725 
67.8 

49,344 
32.5 

49,328 

32.5 

346,412 

228.5 

84,804 

55.9 

58,620 

37.3 

423, 622 

279.4 

222,464 

146.7 

1,512,672 

997.8 

589, 642 

388.9 

101, 093 



804, 780 
530.8 



70, 173 
46.3 



179, 073 
118.1 



Toiai city 
arrests 
(3,929 
cities; 

population 



94,920 
85.2 

92,353 
82.9 

47,394 
42.5 

41,304 

37.1 

292, 141 

262.2 

79,999 

71.8 



33.1 

341,083 

306.2 

177,888 

159.7 

1,376,719 

1,235.7 

540,076 

484.8 

94,862 

85.1 

640.352 
574.8 

65,553 
58.8 

97,008 

87.1 

137. 628 

123.4 



Group I 
(55 cities, 
over 
250,000; 
population 
41,819,000) 



33, 274 
79.6 

61,409 
122.9 

42,960 
102.7 

21, 732 
52.0 
164, 398 
393.1 
65,920 
157.6 

13,071 

31.3 

126, 117 

301.6 

34,087 

81.6 

581,475 

1,390.4 

242, 825 

580.7 

65,478 

156.6 

238.796 
571.0 



33,471 

80.0 

46,548 

111.3 



Group n 

(90 cities, 
100,000 to 
250,000; 
population 
12,915,000) 



10, 981 
85.0 

11,606 
89.9 

2,259 
17.6 

5,811 
45.0 
30,871 
239.0 
6,764 
52.4 

6,962 

53.9 

31,842 

246.6 

16,680 

121.4 

216,678 

1,677.7 

69,905 

463.8 

9,629 

74.6 

82,304 
637.3 

5,684 
44.0 

7,646 

58.4 

17,425 

134.9 



Group in 
(230 cities, 
50,00010 
100,000; 
population 
16,959,000) 



13,387 
83.9 



9,364 
68.7 



7.1 

6,115 
32.1 
36,545 
229.0 
2,656 
16.6 



29.0 

44,425 

278.4 

22,033 

138.1 

171,663 

1,075.7 

62,636 

331.9 

6,517 

34.6 

88,769 
556.2 

12,031 

75.4 

16,269 
101.9 

26, 111 
163.6 



Group IV 
(433 cities, 
25,000 to 
50,000; 
population 
15,035,000) 



8,234 
54.8 



3.9 

3,848 
25.6 
26, 707 
177.6 
2,268 
15.1 



31.1 
46, 319 
301.4 
30, 079 
200.1 
143, 432 
954.0 
60, 777 
404.2 
6,542 
36.9 

86,097 
572.6 

8,179 
54.4 

14,292 

95.1 

20,859 

138.7 



Group V 
(971 cities, 

10,000 to 

25,000; 

population 

15,416,000) 



14,468 
93.9 



7,364 
47.8 



3,212 
20.8 
21,768 
141.2 
1,618 
10.5 



4,749 

30.8 

50,156 

326.4 

38,838 

251.9 

160,608 

977.0 

65,848 

427.1 

4,737 

30.7 

84,985 
551.3 

6,364 
41.3 

16,032 

97.5 

16, 219 

105.2 



Group VI 
(2.150 
cities 
under 
10,000; 
population 

10,264,000) 



9,497 
92.5 



4,376 
42.6 



1.4 

1,686 

15.5 

11,852 

115.5 

773 

7.5 

2,793 

27.2 

43,224 

421.1 

37, 171 

362.2 

112,863 

1,099.7 

48,185 

469.5 

3,959 

38.6 

59, 401 
578.8 



64.8 

10,399 
101.3 

10,366 
101.0 



Suburban 
area < 
(2,018 



population 
45,206,000) 



32,774 
72.5 



16,712 
37.0 



4.8 

10,645 
23.5 
83,967 
185.7 
5,017 
11.1 

15,961 

35.3 

103,042 

227.9 

62,337 

137.9 

186, 121 

409.6 

114, 799 

253.9 

8,669 

19.0 

212, 720 
470.6 



29,421 

65.1 

67,133 

126.4 



Rural 
area 
(1,131 



population 
19,366,000) 



7,089 
36.6 



3,640 
18.3 



1.2 

2,469 
12.7 
12,492 
64.6 
2,160 
11.2 

9,168 

47.3 

41,960 

216.7 
27,900 

144.1 
72,552 

374.6 
19,707 

101.8 

2,245 
11.6 

71,136 
387.3 



2,254 

1L6 

13,589 

70.1 



Includes suburban, city and county police agencies within metropolitan areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban cities are also included in other city groups. 
Population figures rounded to the nearest thousand. All rates were calculated on the population before rounding. 
' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
3 Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



121 



439-758 O - 71 - 9 



Table 24.— Total Arrest Trends, 1960-70 

[2,628 agencies; 1970 population 98,698,000] > 





Number of persons arrested 


Offense charged 


Total all ages 


Under 18 years of age 


18 years of age and over 




1960 


1970 


Percent 
change 


1960 


1970 


Percent 
change 


1960 


1970 


Percent 
change 




3,543,884 


4,644,006 


+31.0 


617,039 


1,104,943 


+113.7 


3,026,845 


3,639,063 


+16.9 






Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegUgent man- 


6,008 
1,968 
7,149 
33,794 
67,006 
123,891 
207,584 
57,931 


10,109 
1,824 
11,094 
74, 401 
93, 012 
200,261 
432, 272 
97,124 


+101.9 
-7.3 

+56.2 
+120. 2 

+63.2 

+61.6 
+108.2 

+67.7 


380 
153 
1,284 
8,385 
6,730 
58,983 
100,689 
35,387 


1,152 
158 
2,380 
25,660 
15,686 
101,650 
213,920 
63,417 


+203. 2 
+3.3 

+85.4 
+204.7 
+133. 1 

+72.3 
+112.5 

+61.0 


4,628 
1,815 
5,865 
25,409 
50, 276 
64,908 
106,895 
22,544 


8,967 
1,666 
8,714 
48,861 
77, 326 
98,611 
218,362 
43,707 


+93. t 




-8.2 




+48. e 




+92.5 




+53. S 




+51. t 




+104.; 




+93. ( 








102,957 
389,406 


188,616 
729, 657 


+83.2 
+87.4 


16,779 
196,059 


44,768 
368,987 


+166.8 
+89.2 


86, 178 
194,347 


143,848 
360,670 


+66. ( 




+85. ( 








494,331 


920,097 


+86.1 


211,991 


413,913 


+95.3 


282,340 


606,184 


+79.; 








131,488 
21,331 
36, 102 

10,125 
33,546 

29,060 

47,913 
31,611 

121, 611 
40,373 

147,819 

86,093 
1,281,703 
424,843 
140, 602 
466,334 
118,658 


208,813 
32,306 
69,051 

46, 427 
77,660 

46,803 

36,768 
265, 734 
76,325 
38,129 
281,460 

136,679 

1,097,260 

436,862 

82,311 
803,331 

51,764 


+58.8 
+51.6 
+68.2 

+358.6 
+131. 6 

+57.6 

-23.3 
+740. 6 
-38.1 
-5.6 
+90.4 

+58.8 
-14.4 
+2.8 
-41.5 
+72.3 
-66.4 


13,627 

1,551 

883 

2,710 
6,952 

425 

10,033 
1,664 
1,534 
668 
1,130 

17, 661 
13,090 
50,631 
8,463 
174,426 
21,999 


37,408 
3,355 

2,678 

13,312 
12,344 

1,037 

7,139 
54,856 
1,442 
417 
2,928 

43,715 
28.682 
86,563 
9,435 
385,919 
13,294 


+176. 5 
+116.3 
+192.0 

+391. 2 
+77.6 

+144.0 

-28.8 

+3, 196. 6 

-6.0 

-26.6 

+159. 1 

+148.9 
+118.3 
+71.3 
+11.5 
+121.3 
-39.6 


117,961 
19, 780 
34,219 

7,415 
26,593 

28,635 

37,880 
29,947 

120,077 
39,805 

146,689 

68,532 
1, 268, 613 
374, 312 
132, 139 
291,908 

96,659 


171,406 
28,951 
66,473 

S3, 116 
65,316 

44,766 

29,629 
210,878 
73,883 
37,712 
278, 622 

92,964 

1, 068, 678 

350,299 

72,876 
417,412 

38,470 


+46.; 




+46.. 




+65.1 


Stolen property; buying, receiving, pos- 


+346.1 




+145.1 


Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 


+56.; 
-21.1 




+604.; 




-38.1 


Offenses against family and children 


-5.; 
+89.1 




+36.- 




-16.t 

-44.1 
+43.1 
-60.5 













' Based on comparable reports from 1,898 cities representing 81,246,000 population and 630 counties representing 17,452,000 population. 
2 Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
' Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



122 



Table 25.— Total Arrest Trends, 1965^70 

[3,381 agencies; 1970 population 122,233,000] 



Oflense charged 



TOTAL..-- -- 

Criminal homicide: 

(o) Murder and nonnegligent man- 
slaughtcr.-- -- --- 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary — breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft --. 

Autotheft 

Violent crime ' 

Property crime ! 

Subtotal for above offenses 

Other assaults - 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, pos- 
sessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons: carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 

prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

GambUng 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws. 

Drunkermess 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion (not included in totals) 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Runaways 



Number of persons arrested 



Total all ages 



6,661 
2,389 
9,726 
43,424 
77, 176 
177, 860 
348, 666 
92,894 



26, 122 
46,038 
6,779 

17,448 
79,289 
49,373 

33,041 

64,212 
43,660 

110,639 
51,728 

212, 271 

163, 224 
1, 383, 664 
630, 269 
113,906 
472, 934 
69, 761 
66, 237 
81,194 



10,829 
2,211 
12, 776 
78,388 
101,316 
236, 604 
626,834 
107, 962 



203, 307 
870, 290 



239, 616 
7,733 
36,482 
62, 691 
7,263 

63,436 
91, 100 
87,864 

46, 396 

42, 102 
293,971 
78, 986 
43, 610 
337,689 

174, 618 
1,266,073 

496, 367 
94,270 

646, 802 
66, 907 
90,842 

142, 214 



Percent 
change 



+62.6 
-7.6 
+3L4 
+80.6 
+31.3 
+32.4 
+61.1 
+16.2 



+48.4 
+40.6 



+41.8 



+27.6 
+38.5 
+39.7 
+36.2 
+7.1 

+206. 3 
+14.9 
+77.9 



-22.3 
+675. 
-28.6 
-16.7 
+69.0 

+13.9 
-8.6 
-6.4 
-17.2 
+36.6 
-18.4 
+37.1 
+75.2 



Under 18 years of age 



13, 370 
12, 179 
92,588 
193, 654 
58,654 



28,260 
344,896 



29,926 
3,714 

2,678 



6,292 
61,130 
10,342 



13, 016 
5,117 
2,467 
638 
1,664 

41,660 
23, 615 
87, 171 
7,487 
141,968 
18,837 
66,237 
81,194 



190 
2,729 
26,968 
17,660 
122, 550 
270,344 
60,935 



48,448 
463,829 



602,467 



46,036 
4,662 
3,988 
2,776 
280 



14, 933 

1,068 

8,751 
65,194 
1,600 
641 
3,627 

69,194 
31,541 

103,499 
10,836 

193,077 
18, 077 
90,842 

142,214 



+100.8 
+12.4 
+29.5 

+101. 7 
+44.2 
+32.4 
+39.6 
+3.9 



+71.6 
+31.6 



+34.6 



+60.6 
+25.3 

+64.7 
+63.7 

+7.7 

+156. 3 
+7.5 
+44.4 



-32.8 
+1, 174. 1 
-38.9 
+19,1 
+113.2 

+42.1 
+34.1 
+18.7 
+44.7 
+36.0 
-4.0 
+37.1 
+75.2 



18 years of age and over 



6,068 
2,220 
7,617 
30,064 
64,997 
86, 272 
165,012 
34,240 



108,736 
274,624 



23,644 
44,343 



11,166 
18, 159 
39, 031 

32, 223 

41,197 
38,433 

108, 182 
61,190 

210, 617 

111,564 
1,360,139 
443, 098 
106,418 
330,966 
60,914 



9,638 
2,021 
10,046 
51,420 
83, 766 
112,954 
266,490 
47,017 



154,859 
416,461 



32,494 
69,916 



37, 374 
26, 401 
72, 921 

44,337 

33,361 

228, 777 
77, 485 
42, 969 

334,062 

115,324 

1,234,632 

392, 858 

83,435 
452, 726 

38,830 



+68.8 
-9.0 
+31.9 
+71.1 
+28.9 
+32.6 
+65.6 
+37.3 



+42.4 
+51.7 



+48.7 



+23.2 
+64.8 
+38.0 
+36.1 
+7.1 

+235.0 
+39.9 
+86.8 



-19.0 
+496.3 



-16.1 
+68.6 

+3.4 
-9.2 
-11.3 
-21.6 
+36.8 
-23.7 



I Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
■ Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



123 



Tgble 26.— Tofo/ Arrest Trends by Sex, 1960-70 

[2,628 agencies; 1970 population 98,698,000] ' 



Offense charged 



Percent 
change 



1970 Percent 
change 



1960 1970 Percent 



TOTAL.--- 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 
manslaughter -. 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence.-. 

Forcible rape - 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault - -. 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft 

Violent crime ' — 

Property crime > - 

Subtotal for above offenses 

Other assaults - - - . 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Embezzlement and fraud - 

Stolen property; buying, receiving 

possessing - - 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. . . 

Prostitution and commercialized vice.. 
Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 

prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

QambUng - 

Offenses against family and children. . 
Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness - 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy - 

All other offenses (except traffic). . - 
Suspicion (not Included in totals). 



870.460 



387,073 



234,483 



4,137 
1,769 
7,149 
32, 191 
48,503 
119,908 
173, 267 
65,837 



8,582 
1,613 
11,094 
69,786 
80,585 
190,949 
309,684 
92, 245 



+55.2 
+116.8 
+66.1 
+59.2 
+78.7 
+65.2 



353 
144 
1,284 
7,996 
6,041 
57, 232 
85,986 
34,043 



142 
2,380 
23,737 
13,421 
97,200 
157,911 
50,633 



+203.7 
-1.4 

+85.4 
+196.9 
+122. 2 
+69.8 
+83.6 
+48.7 



211 



+75.3 
+6.0 



16 



3,983 
34,317 
2,094 



4,615 
12, 427 
9,312 
122.588 
4,879 



+187. 9 
+46.1 
+133.8 
+257.2 
+133. 



1,751 
14,703 
1,344 



1.813 
2,265 
4,450 
56,009 
2,784 



91,980 
349, 012 



170, 047 
592,878 



+84.9 
+69.9 



15, 674 
177, 261 



40, 610 
305, 744 



+159. 1 
+72.5 



10, 977 
40, 394 



18, 569 
136, 779 



+69.2 
+238.6 



1,105 
17, 798 



4,158 
63,243 



118,484 
17,884 
29,752 

9,247 
31,718 

8,084 

39, 115 

26,931 
110,615 

36,940 
139,246 

73,479 
1,181,269 
366,476 
129,912 
394,909 
106,663 



180, 980 
24,388 
42, 816 

41,990 
72,466 

9,473 

31,809 
224,694 
69, 162 
34,487 
262, 596 

118,790 

1,021,668 

369,815 

64,661 
634,561 

44,311 



+52.7 
+36.4 
+43.9 

+354.1 
+128.5 



-18.7 
+734. 3 
-37.5 
-6.6 
+88.6 

+61.7 
-13.6 
+.9 
-50.2 
+60.7 
-58.0 



11,533 
1,199 



2,525 
6,749 



7,118 
1,421 
1,492 
397 
1,073 

15, 059 
11,727 
42,948 
7,649 
135,210 
19, 267 



29,428 
2,429 



12, 371 
11,832 



6,606 
43, 436 
1,393 
271 
2,763 

36, 057 
24,639 
71,432 
7,749 
272,311 
10,852 



+155. 2 
+102.6 
+168.1 

+389.9 
+75.3 



-21.2 

+2, 956. 7 

-6.6 

-31.7 

+157. 5 

+139.4 
+110. 1 

+66.3 

+2.6 

+101. 4 

-43.7 



13,004 
3,447 
6,350 



4,680 
10,996 
3,433 
8,573 

12, 614 
100,444 
58,368 
10, 690 
71, 425 
13,095 



27,833 
7,918 
16,235 

4,437 
6,194 

36,330 

4,969 
41,040 
6,163 
3,642 

18,854 

17,889 
75, 692 
67,047 
17, 650 
168, 770 
7,463 



+114. 
+129.7 
+203.5 

+405.4 
+184.3 

+73.2 

-43.6 
+776. 9 

-44.0 

+6.1 

+119.9 

+41.8 
-24.6 
+14.9 
+65.1 
+136. 3 
-43.1 



1,533 
11,420 



2,502 
1,363 
7,583 



1 Based on comparable reports from 1,898 cities representing 81,246,000 population and 630 counties representing 17,452,000 population. 
' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
I Property crime Is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



124 



Table il.— Total Arrest Trends, 1969-70 

[4,222 agencies; 1970 population 137,267,000] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL - - -.-. 5,628,997 



Nxunber of persons arrested 



Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 
manslaughter 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence. 

Forcible rape 

Eobbery - 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary — break ing or entering 

Larceny — thett -. 

Auto theft 



Violent crime •... 
Property crime '_. 



Subtotal for above offenses. 



Other assaults 

Arson -.- 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud... 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving. 



Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc... 

Prostitution and commercialized vice. 
Sex offenses (except forcible rape 

and prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling.. _ 

Offenses against family and children.. 
Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness _. 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion (not included in totals) 

Curfew and loitering law violations. _ 
Runaways _.. 



11, 172 
3,111 
13, 936 
76, 213 
110, 694 
247,368 
502, 945 
122, 802 



212, 015 
873, 115 



251,306 
8,270 
35,623 
59, 692 
6,065 

44,669 
103,694 
87, 939 

47, 979 

49,811 
227, 661 
77,885 
47, 912 
335, 549 

201,612 
1, 390, 965 
565, 967 
103,448 
640,564 
92,847 
98, 375 
155,770 



11,942 
2,700 
14, 116 
83,691 
115,232 
261, 690 
667, 728 
118, 251 



224, 981 
947,669 



262, 500 
8,597 
39,811 
66,465 
7,631 

56,061 
102,224 
96,204 

48, 127 

46,163 
327, 792 
82,470 
46,607 
375, 784 

194,71? 
1,364,126 

543, 927 
95,502 

724, 433 
62,464 
96,342 

162, 961 



Per- 
cent 
change 



+6.9 
-13.2 
+1.3 
+9.8 
+4.1 
+5.8 
+12.9 
-3.7 



+6.1 
+8.6 



+8.0 



+4.5 
+4.0 
+11.8 
+11.3 
+24.2 

+25.6 
-1.4 
+8.3 



-7.3 
+44.0 
+5.9 
-2.7 
+12.0 

-3.4 
-L9 
-3.9 

-7.7 
+13.1 
-32.7 
-2.1 
+4.6 



Under 15 years of age 



37 

560 
9,142 
6,030 
63,460 
140, 146 
19, 787 



15,888 
223,392 



17, 797 
3,635 



4,705 
50,006 
3,966 



4,283 
7,933 



4,929 
40,362 

1,926 
77,106 

5,367 
25, 667 
62,003 



35 

596 
9,395 
6,420 
60,499 
144,259 
17,763 



16, 591 +4. 4 
222,521 



+15.4 
-5.4 
+6.4 
+2.8 
+6.5 
-4.7 
+2.9 

-10.2 



19, 566 
3,423 



5,076 
46,645 
4,223 



3,721 
9,621 



5,940 

4,658 
40,212 

2,038 
79,416 

5,560 
24,841 
64,379 



Under 18 years of age 



1,447,635 



-20.2 
-26.3 
+31.1 



+6.4 

-13.1 
+21.3 
-19.7 
+42.3 
+8.0 

+1.3 
-5.5 
-.4 
+6.9 
+3.0 
+3.4 
-2.8 
+3.8 



48, 579 
473, 678 



2,898 


2,986 


25,934 


28,275 


18,647 


19,509 


133,984 


136,018 


267, 555 


289,053 


72,039 


66,175 



522, 412 

44,839 
5,184 
4,027 
2,990 
246 

14,230 
76,996 
15,138 



10,823 
56, 187 

1,671 
788 

3,621 

67, 671 
41,277 

115, 642 
11,022 

198, 750 
20,764 
98,375 

155, 770 



52,072 
491, 246 



Per- 
cent 
change 



+18.4 
-14.1 
+3.0 
+9.0 
+4.6 
+1.5 
+8.0 
-8.1 



+7.2 
+3.7 



48, 758 
5,169 
4,246 



16, 801 
73,870 
15, 937 



9,660 
73,139 
1,692 



66,583 
36, 999 

115, 308 
11,892 

212,673 
18, 182 
96,342 

162,961 



18 years of age and over 



10, 072 
2,866 
11,038 
50, 279 
92, 047 
113,384 
235, 390 
50,763 



163, 436 
399, 537 



4,418,286 



10,640 
2,481 
11, 130 
55, 416 
96,723 
125, 672 
278,676 
62, 076 



565, 829 



-10.7 
+30.2 



-10.9 
+12.0 



-10.4 
-.3 
+7.9 
+7.0 

-12.4 
-2.1 
+4.6 



206, 467 
3,086 
31, 596 
56,702 
5,819 

30,439 
27, 698 
72, 801 

47,003 

38,988 
171, 474 
76, 214 
47,124 
331,928 

133, 941 

1,349,688 

450, 325 

92, 426 
441,814 

72,083 



172, 909 
456,423 



631,813 



213, 742 
3,438 
36, 565 
63,583 
7,221 

39,260 
28,354 
79, 267 



38, 503 
264, 653 
80,878 
46, 906 
371,730 

128, 129 

1,327,126 

428, 619 

83,610 
511, 860 

44,282 



Per- 
cent 
change 



+48.5 
+6.1 
-2.6 

+12.0 

-4.3 



-9.5 
+15.9 
-38.6 



' Violent crime is offenses of mxnrder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
' Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



125 



Table 28.— Total Arrests by Age, 1970 

[6,270 agencies; 1970 population 161,604,000] 





Grand 

total 

all ages 


Ages 

under 

16 


Ages 

under 

18 


Ages 
18 and 
over 


Age 


Offense charged 


10 and 
under 


11-12 


13-14 


16 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


TOTAL - 


6,670,473 
100.0 


607.133 
9.2 


1,660,643 
26.3 


1.909,830 

74.7 


78,020 
1.2 


134.362 
2.0 


394,751 

6.0 


323,317 
4.9 


372,374 
6.7 


357,819 
6.4 


343,657 
6.2 


304,092 
4.6 


261,888 




4.0 






Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 


12,836 
3,020 
16,411 

87,687 
125,971 
285,418 
616.099 
127,341 


187 

41 

634 

9,696 

6,767 

66,491 

164, 776 

19, 166 


1.346 
243 
3,206 
29,289 
20, 766 
148, 296 
312. 066 
71.466 


11,490 
2,777 

12, 206 

68,398 
106,216 
137. 122 
304,033 

66,886 


18 

6 

22 

647 

708 

8,774 

21,816 

460 


26 
9 
90 
2,176 
1,496 
16,908 
42, 143 
2,161 


144 

27 
622 
6,872 
4,663 
40.809 
90,816 
16,644 


271 
26 
660 
5,616 
3,881 
28.616 
66,199 
18,417 


398 
63 

866 
6.724 
4,811 
28,967 
64,248 
19.104 


490 
113 
1,066 
7,265 
6,297 
26,322 
46,844 
14, 770 


677 
152 
1,169 
7,437 
6,863 
22,268 
41,316 
10, 623 


626 
179 
1,140 
6,037 
6,684 
17, 060 
31,609 
7,677 


692 


(6) Manslaughter by negligence.... 


124 
1,019 




6,011 




6.385 


Burglsfly— breaking or entering. 


13.247 
24.640 




5,784 








241,905 

100.0 

1,028.858 

100.0 


17,283 

7.1 

239.431 

23.3 


64,696 

22.6 

631,818 

61.7 


187,309 
77.4 

497,040 
48.3 


1.396 

.6 

31.060 

3.0 


3,787 

1.6 

60, 212 

6.9 


12, 101 

6.0 

148, 169 

14.4 


10.427 

4.3 

103. 132 

10.0 


12,788 

6.3 

102, 319 

9.9 


14,098 
6.8 

86,936 
8.4 


15, 146 
6.3 

74, 097 
7.2 


14,286 
6.9 

56,246 
6.6 


13,007 




5.4 




43,671 




4.2 






Subtotal for above offenses 


1,273,783 
100.0 


266,766 
20.2 


686, 667 
46.1 


687, 126 
63.9 


32,460 
2.6 


64,008 
6 


160,297 
12.6 


113, 686 
8.9 


116, 170 
9.0 


101, 147 
7.9 


89,396 
7.0 


70, 711 
6.6 


66,702 
4.6 








287,027 
9,409 
43,833 
76,861 
8,172 

61,617 
111,671 
102,725 

49,344 

49,328 
346,412 

84,804 
66,620 
423,522 
222,464 
1,512,672 
689,612 
101,093 
804,780 
70,173 
105,648 
179,073 


20,814 

3,673 

726 

702 

70 

6,630 

60,597 

4.616 

104 

4,017 

10, 161 

218 

263 

95 

6,612 

6,031 

42, 796 

2,179 

88.784 

6,205 

26,966 

70,230 


62.282 
6,694 
4.632 
3,087 
349 

18,664 
80. 632 
17,010 
1.166 

10,421 

77.766 

1.649 

867 

4.633 

76,288 

40. 966 

124.077 

12,311 

237,361 

20,760 

105. 548 

179.073 


234,746 
3,816 
39,201 
73, 774 
7,823 

42,963 
31,039 
86, 716 
48,188 

38,907 
268,666 

83, 166 

66. 763 
418,889 
147, 176 
1,471,706 
466, 666 

88.782 
667,419 

49.423 


2,766 

1,217 

39 

62 

4 

409 

12,372 

314 

4 

412 

177 

9 

87 

2 

87 

122 

6,630 

141 

14,022 

806 

1,720 

6,189 


6.116 
898 
131 
169 
16 

1,191 

14.463 

960 

7 

818 

992 

14 

61 

18 

476 

469 

10, 033 

376 

17.729 

1.279 

4.094 

11.076 


12,943 

1,568 

656 

481 

60 

4,030 

23,762 

3,262 

93 

2,787 

8.982 

196 

125 

76 

6,049 

4,460 

27, 132 

1,662 

67,033 

4,121 

21, 162 

63.966 


9,383 
764 
726 
610 
60 

3,679 

12,668 

3,182 

144 

2,080 

13,641 

280 

102 

236 

11,147 

6,666 

22.434 

1,878 

47,029 

4,034 

22, 714 

46, 618 


10, 676 

661 

1.287 

772 

100 

4,547 

10, 183 

4,369 

276 

2,202 

23, 143 

438 

168 
1.268 
24.203 
11,766 
27, 487 
3.360 
61, 163 
4,896 
32,098 
42, 176 


11,410 

506 

1,894 

1,103 

129 

4,698 

7,294 

4,963 

633 

2,122 

30.821 

713 

324 

3,046 
33.326 
17. 626 
31,361 

4.894 
50.386 

6.616 
23.770 
20,050 


12,358 

384 

2,490 

2,206 

238 

4,892 
4.606 
6.798 
1,940 

2,200 
37,306 
1,012 
2,100 
7.655 
38.673 
28,843 
37.508 
6,793 
50,882 
6,680 


11,842 
308 

2,747 

2,689 

277 

4,268 
3,373 
6.174 
3.286 

2.136 
36,624 
1,181 
2.083 
8.910 
31.640 
27,891 
32, 103 
5,974 
45,490 
5,486 


11,529 




257 




2,729 




3,039 




322 




3,634 




2,375 


Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice. . 
Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 


4,619 
3.860 

2,068 




31,724 




1.241 


Offenses against family and children... 


2,187 
9,622 




22,338 




27,018 




27,303 




4,766 


All other offenses (except trafBc). 


40,236 
4,329 


Curfew and loitering law violations. . . 























See footnotes at end of table. 



126 



Tabic 28. — Total Arrests by Age, 1970 — Continued 



O flense charged 



TOTAL 

Percent distribution ' 



Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegllgent 
manslaughter 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence. 

Forcible rape. - 

Robbery - . 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary — breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Autotheft 



Violent crime ' 

Percent distribution ' 
Property crime • 

Percent distribution ' 



Subtotal tor above offenses 

Percent distribution ' . _ 



Other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting. . _ 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

Vandalism _ 

Weapons: carrying, possessing, etc. . . 

Prostitution and commercialized 
vice. 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 

prostitution). 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children. 
Driving under the influence. 



Liquor laws 

Drunljenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy. , 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations. 
Runaways 



166 
968 
6,496 
6,604 
11,056 
20,764 
4,672 



12. 696 



2,716 
3,696 



3,226 
2,131 
4,916 

5,763 

2,212 
27,963 
1,610 
2,668 
13,361 



28,276 
6.796 

37, 891 
3,982 



906 
4,891 
5,466 
9,746 
18,346 
3,940 



161 

878 
4,171 
5,282 
8,797 
16,919 
3.295 



134 

666 
3,279 
4,670 
6,633 
12. 297 
2,639 



2,031 
483 

2,387 
10. 210 
18, 809 
21,212 
41. 796 



1,368 
316 

1,280 

4,618 
13, 424 
10,686 
25, 963 

3,870 



2,433 
10. 906 



19. 132 
2,272 



6,276 
2,633 
12,460 



9,002 
480 



11,861 



10,943 



9.111 

3.8 

21,469 



12J39 



2,675 
4,231 



2,912 
1,847 
4,921 

8,781 

2.268 
24. 128 
1.802 
2,777 
14,366 

4,451 
36.342 
26,949 

6.515 
34,060 

3,465 



2,236 
20, 019 
1,796 
3,077 
14, 632 

3,614 

34,226 
23,433 

6,344 
30,930 

2,913 



2,217 
3,783 



2,167 
1,276 
3,843 



2.586 
12,697 

2,543 
30,221 
18, 805 

4,002 
24,834 

2.212 



33,437 

13.8 

70, 867 



7,803 
15,691 
1,676 

7,358 
4,667 
14,862 

9,468 

6,931 
38,848 
10,056 
11.310 
56,096 

7,729 
133, 256 
66, 772 
12.413 
86, 630 
7,222 



20,690 

8.6 

40,609 



7.977 

3.3 

16, 969 



6,161 



4,713 
10, 803 
1,263 

4,216 
2,835 
10,169 

3,744 

4.464 
17.448 
10,682 

8,663 
60,662 

6,663 

138,089 
46,916 

7,384 
66,741 

3,986 



3.120 
8,397 



2,730 
2,101 
8,055 

2,117 

3.840 
9.824 

10, 321 
7,134 

61,224 

6,328 
163, 006 
41,406 

6,131 
46, 510 

2.928 



2,311 
6,413 



1,368 

2,990 
6,914 

10,338 
6,151 

63,366 

5,168 
199.324 
37. 967 

6.013 
39. 620 

2,316 



1,466 
4,309 



1,290 
1,156 
4,766 

981 

2,234 
2,777 
9,204 
3.161 
47,704 

4,682 
200, 603 
30, 119 

5,167 
29,484 

1,666 



586 

1,471 
1,322 
7,632 
1,679 
36,121 



166, 823 
21.091 
4,169 
19,426 
1,046 



5,876 

769 

23,134 

2,614 
117,882 
13,114 
3,360 
11,811 
620 



12,636 

1,706 
73, 163 
7,301 
1,960 
6,701 



8,016 

1,606 
60.129 
7,420 
2,011 
6,980 
405 



1 Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

2 Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 

' Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 

« Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 



127 



Table 29. — Tofal Arrests of Persons Under 15, Under 78, Under 21, and Under 25 Years of Age, 1970 

[6,270 agencies; 1970 population 161,604,000) 



Offense charged 



Number of persons anested 



Grand total Under 
all ages 



Percentage 



TOTAL .- 

Criminal homicide: 

(o) Murder and nonnegllgent manslaughter. 

(b) Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary — breaking or entering 

Larceny— thett 

Autotheft -- 

Violent crime ' 

Property crime ' .-. 

Subtotal for above offenses 

Other assaults -._ 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing... 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the inffuence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkermess 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Runaways 



12,836 
3,020 
15,411 
87,687 
125,971 
285,<I18 
616,099 
127,341 



241,905 



287,027 
9,409 
43,833 
76,861 
8,172 
61,517 
111,671 
102,725 

49, 344 
49,328 

346,412 
84,804 
56,620 

423,522 

222,464 
1,512,672 
589,642 
101,093 
804,780 
70, 173 
105,548 
179,073 



41 
634 

9,696 
6,767 
66, 491 
164, 775 
19, 165 



1,346 

243 

3,205 

29,289 
20, 756 
148, 296 
312,066 
71,466 



3,240 
698 
6,633 
49, 674 
37,688 
200,861 
409, 431 
95,440 



6,675 
1,332 
9,940 
67, 510 
58, 610 
237,092 
476, 757 
109,886 



22.9 
26.1 
15.1 



16.5 
52.0 
50.7 
66.1 



17,283 
239, 431 



54,696 
631,818 



97,035 
705, 732 



141, 635 
823, 735 



22.6 
61.7 



586,657 



803,465 



966, 602 



20, 814 
3,673 



6.630 
60, 697 
4,516 



4,017 
10, 151 



95 

6,612 

5,031 
42, 795 

2,179 
88,784 

6,206 
26,966 
70, 230 



62,282 
6,594 
4,632 
3,087 
349 
18, 554 
80,632 
17,010 

1,156 
10, 421 
77, 756 



4,633 

75,288 

40, 966 
124, 077 

12,311 
237, 361 

20, 760 
106, 648 
179. 073 



88,011 
6.543 

12, 698 
11,020 
1,186 
31, 348 
90,885 
32, 601 

10, 232 
16, 824 
183, 310 
5,083 
7,227 
30, 720 

167, 939 
124, 718 
220, 991 

29,844 
373, 969 

37, 145 
105, 548 
179, 073 



135,030 
7,286 
23, 124 
26,640 
2,864 
42, 330 
97, 805 
60,958 

30,284 
25,400 
269. 069 
12,154 
18,224 



184, 636 
261,416 
317,453 

52,600 
501,684 

49, 717 
105, 648 
179, 073 



26.5 
39.2 



18.2 
59.6 
10.6 



30.2 
72.2 
16.6 



21.1 
22.4 



33.8 
2.7 
21.0 
12.2 
29.5 
29.6 
100.0 
100.0 



42.4 
66.6 
29.8 
70.4 
66.6 
74.9 



28.7 
14.3 
14.5 
51.0 
81.4 
31.7 

20.7 
34.1 
62.9 



76.5 
8.2 
37.5 
29.6 
46.5 
52.9 
100.0 
100.0 



43.4 
44.1 
64.6 
77.0 
46.4 
83.1 
77.4 
86.3 



47.0 
77.4 
62.8 
34.7 
35.0 
68.8 
87.6 
49.6 

61.4 
51.5 
77.7 
14.3 
32.2 
20.2 

83.0 
17.3 
63.8 
61.9 
62.3 
70.8 
100.0 
100.0 



> Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
2 Property crime Is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 
* Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 



128 



Tabic 30.— Total Arrests, Distribution by Sex, 1970 

[S,270 agencies; 1970 population 151,604,000] 



Oflense charged 



TOTAL 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegUgent manslaughter... 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering _ 

Larceny — theft __- 

Auto theft - 

Violent crime ' 

Property crime * .- 

Subtotal for above offenses 

Other assaults _ 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. 

Prostitution and conrmercjalized vice. 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Rimaways 



Number of persons arrested 



12,836 
3,020 
15.411 
87,687 
125,971 
285,418 
616,099 
127,341 

241,905 
1,028,858 



287,027 
9,409 
43,833 
76,861 
8,172 
61,517 
111,671 
102,725 

49,344 
49,328 

346,412 
84,804 
56,620 

423,622 

222,464 
1,512,672 
589,642 
101,093 
804,780 
70, 173 
105,548 
179,073 



10, 857 
2,697 
15, 411 
82,340 
110, 057 
272,047 
443,902 
120,858 

218,665 
836,807 



249, 613 
8,547 
33,437 

56,018 
6,160 
65,770 
103, 158 
95,860 

10,199 
43,033 

292,265 
77, 936 
51,608 

395,683 

193, 764 
1,406,611 

500,973 
81, 139 

674,580 
60,291 
83,122 
86, 751 



323 

6,347 
16, 914 
13,371 
172, 197 

6,483 

23,240 
192, 061 



37,414 
862 
10. 396 
20,843 
2,012 
5,747 
8,613 
6,876 

39, 146 

6,295 
54,147 
6,869 
6,012 
27,939 

28,700 
107, 061 
88,669 
19,954 
130,200 
9,882 
22,426 
92,322 



87.4 
95.3 
72.1 
94.9 

90.4 
81.3 



76.3 
72 9 
75.4 
90.7 
92.4 
93.3 

20.7 
87.2 
84.4 
91.9 
91.1 



87.1 
92.9 
86.0 
80.3 
83.8 
85.9 
78.8 
48.4 



16.4 
10.7 



23.7 
27.1 
24.6 



79.3 
12.8 
16.6 



16.0 
19.7 
16.2 
14.1 
21.2 
51.6 



Percent of total ' 



Total Male Female 



' Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

2 Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 

3 Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
' Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



129 



Table 31 .—Total Arrest Trends by Sex, 1969-70 

[4,222 agencies; 1970 population 137,267,000] 





Males 






Females 








Total 


Under 18 


Total 


Under 18 




1969 


1970 


Per- 
cent 
change 


1969 


1970 


Per- 
cent 
change 


1969 


1970 


Per- 
cent 
change 


1969 


1970 


Per- 
cent 
change 


TOTAL 


4,848,940 


5,05»,952 


+4.4 


1.154,107 


1,182,666 


+2.5 


780,057 


862.736 


+10.6 


293,628 


321.736 


+9.6 


Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 




9,472 
2,782 
13,936 
71, 442 
96,626 
236, 561 
368, 115 
116,404 

191,476 
721, 080 


10, 112 

2,406 
14, 116 
78,532 
100,320 
249, 185 
407, 752 
112, 188 

203,080 
769, 125 


+6.8 
-13.6 
+1.3 
+9.9 
+3.8 
+5.3 
+ 10.8 
-3.6 

+6.1 
+6.7 


1,003 

222 
2,898 
24,166 
16, 302 
128,312 
203,631 
68,217 

44,369 
400,160 


1,208 
195 
2,986 
26, 275 
16, 755 
129, 741 
214, 175 
62,630 

47,224 
406,546 


+20.4 
-12.2 
+3.0 

+8.7 
+2 8 
+1.1 
+5.2 
-8.2 

+6.4 
_+1.6 


1,700 
329 


1,830 
294 


+7.6 
-10.6 


97 
33 


94 

24 


-3.1 


(W Manslaughter by negllgence.- 


-27.3 




4,771 
14,068 
10, 807 
134,830 

6,398 

20,539 
152,035 


5,159 
14,912 
12,505 
159,976 

6,063 

21, 901 

178,644 


+8.1 
+6.0 
+15.7 
+18.7 
-6.2 

+6.6 
+17.4 


1,768 
2,345 
6,672 
63,924 
3,822 

4,210 
73,418 


2,000 
2,754 
6,277 
74, 878 
3,646 

4,848 
84,700 


+13.1 




+17.4 


Burglary— breaking or entering 


+10.7 
+17.1 




-7.2 




+15.2 




+15.4 








916, 338 


974, 611 


+6.5 


444,751 


453,965 


+2.1 


172,903 


200, 739 


+16.1 


77,661 


89,672 


+16.3 




220,811 
7,487 
27,482 
44,039 
4,779 

40,772 
96,134 
82, 193 

9,686 

43,268 
192,231 
71,763 
43,395 
313,967 

175,494 
1,291,342 

482,862 
91,336 

540,819 
78,946 
78,443 
75, 319 


228, 118 
7,791 
30,306 
48, 198 
5,636 

60,802 
94,385 
88,794 

9,973 

40,163 
276, 573 
75, 793 
42,228 
350,667 

169,329 
1, 266, 827 

461, 762 
76, 121 

607, 657 
53,672 
76,032 
78,396 


+3.3 
+4.1 

+10.3 
+9.4 

+17.9 

+24.6 
-1.8 
+8.0 

+3.0 

-7.2 
+43.9 
+5.6 
-2.7 
+11.7 

-3.6 
-1.9 
-4.4 
-16.7 
+12 3 
-32.0 
-3.1 
+4.1 


36,628 
4,769 
3,082 
2,394 
179 

13, 187 
71, 180 
14,446 

287 

8,446 
44,423 
1,620 
592 
3,463 

66,212 
35,893 
96,351 
9,468 
153,085 
17, 622 
78,443 
75, 319 


38,839 
4,786 
3,116 
2,197 
234 

15,676 
68,919 
16,282 

345 

7,570 
57, 616 
1,539 
469 
3,840 

54,846 
31,961 
95,265 
9,885 
161,988 
14,939 
76,032 
78,396 


+6.3 
+.4 
+1.1 
-8.2 
+30.7 

+18.1 
-3.2 

+6.8 

+20.2 

-10.4 

+29.7 
-5.0 
-20.8 
+11.2 

-2.4 
-11.0 
-1.1 
+4.4 
+5.8 
-16.2 
-3.1 
+4.1 


30,496 
783 

8,141 
16,653 

1,286 

3,897 
7,660 

6,746 

38,293 

6,543 
35,430 
6,122 
4,617 
21, 592 

26,118 
99,623 
83,115 
12, 112 
99,745 
13,901 
19,932 
80,451 


34,382 
806 

9,505 
18,267 

1,895 

5,259 
7,839 
6,410 

38,154 

6,000 
61,219 
6,677 
4,379 
25,217 

25,383 

97,298 
82, 175 
19,381 
116,876 
8,792 
20,310 
84,565 


+12.7 
+2.9 
+16.8 
+16.7 
+47.4 

+34.9 
+3.7 
+11.6 

-.4 

-8.3 
+44.6 
+9.1 
-3.1 
+16.8 

-2.8 
-2.3 
-1.1 
+60.0 
+17.2 
-36.8 
+1.9 
+5.1 


8,311 
415 
945 

696 
67 

1,043 

4,816 

693 

689 

2,377 

11,764 

61 

196 

168 

11,469 
5,384 

19,291 
1,554 

45,665 
3,142 

19,932 

80,451 


9,919 
373 

1,130 
685 
76 

1,225 

4,951 

655 

752 

2,090 

15,623 

53 

233 

214 

11,737 
5,038 

20,043 
2,007 

50,585 
3,243 

20,310 

84,565 


+19.3 




-10.1 




+19.6 




+14.9 




+13.4 


Stolen property; buying, receiving. 


+17.4 




+2.8 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 


-6.6 
+9.1 
-12.1 




+32.0 




+3.9 


Offenses against family and children. . 


+18.9 
+27.4 




+2.4 




-6.4 




+3.9 




+29.2 


All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion (not included hi totals) 

Curfew and loitering law violations. . . 


+10.8 
+3.2 
+1.9 
+6.1 







' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
« Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



130 



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133 



Toble 33.— City Arrest Trends, 1969-70 

[3,181 cities over 2,600; 1970 population 103,043,000] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL.. 



Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonncgUgent manslaughter. 

(4) M anslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape - 

Robbery - --- 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— brealiing or entering 

Larceny— theft -- - 

Autotheft 



Violent crime '. . 
Property crime * 



Subtotal for above offenses. 



Other assaults -- 

Arson - 

Forgery and counterfeiting .- 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possesshig. . 
Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc - 



Prostitution and commercialized vice,. 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution). 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling - - 

Offenses against family and children -.. 

Driving under the influence 



Liquor laws 

Drunkenness - 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy.- 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion (not included In totals) 

Curfew and loitering law violations.. 
Runaways 



Number of persons arrested 



Total all ages 



9,766 
2,231 
11,660 
70,038 
96,667 
206,433 
462,488 
108, 071 



187, 021 
766, 992 



966, 244 



222, 829 
6,871 
29,693 
44,000 
4,706 
39,966 
90,940 
80,944 

46,994 
43, 396 

198, 160 
73, 776 
33,719 

281,262 

167, 889 
1,294,208 

628, 087 
98, 322 

626,083 
88,394 
91, 661 

124,903 



10,336 

1,891 
11,679 
76,887 
98,418 
216, 654 
612, 149 
102, 702 



197, 220 
831,406 



232, 100 
7,196 
32,694 
49,477 
6,636 
49, 767 
87,872 



46, 319 
39,309 

280,143 
78,268 
32, 626 

309,279 

168, 771 
1,261,427 

604,248 
90, 676 

690,060 
68,668 
88,734 

126, 641 



Percent 
change 



+6.8 
-16.2 
+.2 
+9.8 
+2.9 
+6.4 
+13.2 
-6.0 



+6.6 
+8.6 



+7.9 



+4.2 
+4.7 
+10.6 
+12.4 
+41.0 
+24.6 
-3.4 
+7.1 



+41.4 
+6.1 



-6.4 
-2.6 
-4.6 
-7.9 
+12.4 
-33.8 
-3.1 
+1.3 



Under 18 years of ago 



1,017 
187 
2,632 
24,616 
16, 778 
112,196 
245, 600 
64,124 



44,843 
421,820 



466, 860 



40,889 
4,469 
3,503 
2,710 
216 
13,036 
67, 061 
13,981 

954 
9,378 
48,960 
1,626 

624 
2,891 

65,868 
34,844 

106,899 
10,384 

171,665 
19, 176 
91,661 

124,903 



1970 Percent 

change * 



1,171 
173 
2,665 
26, 726 
17,391 
113,398 
265, 424 
67,992 



47.843 
436,814 



44,509 
4,446 



1,071 
8,149 
62,118 



3,342 

53, 782 
30,923 

106,974 
10,466 

178, 166 
16,330 
88,734 

126,641 



+9.0 
+3.7 



+8.1 
-9.6 



+6.7 
+3.6 



+8.9 
-.3 
+4.6 
-3.7 
+14.9 
+ 16.0 
-4.6 
+5.3 

+12.3 
-13.1 
+26.9 



+.8 
+3 8 
-14.8 



18 years of age and over 



2,044 
9,028 
46, 522 
78, 879 
93, 237 
206,988 
43,947 



142, 178 
344, 172 



488,394 



181,940 
2,412 
26,090 
41,290 
4,491 
26,929 
23,889 



46,040 
34,017 

149, 210 
72,160 
33,096 

278, 371 

112,021 
1,269,364 
421, 188 
87,938 
363,428 
69, 218 



9,165 
1,718 
9,024 
60,161 
81,027 
103, 156 
246, 725 
44,710 



149, 377 
394,691 



187, 691 
2,761 
29,034 
46, 866 
6,389 
34,660 
23,904 
71,975 

45,248 
31,160 

218, 026 
76,712 
31,942 

306,937 

104,989 

1,230,604 

398,274 

80, HI 
411,886 

42,228 



Percent 
change ^ 



+4.8 
-16.9 

m 

+10.2 
+2.7 
+10.6 
+19.2 
+1.7 



+6.1 
+14.6 



+11.7 



+3.1 
+14.1 
+11.3 
+13.6 
+42.3 
+28.7 
+.1 

+7.6 

+.5 
-8.4 
+46.1 
+6.3 



+16.6 
-39.0 



' In 742 cities over 26,000 population, arrests of persons under 18 years of age increased 1.7 percent and arrests of persons 18 and over increased 4.6 percent; 
in 2,439 cities under 26,000 population, arrests of persons under 18 increased 6.0 percent and arrests of persons 18 and over Increased 6.6 percent. 
' Increase of less than one-tenth of one percent. 

' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
* Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



134 



Table 34.— Cifjr Arrests by Age, 1970 

[3,929 cities over 2,600; 1970 population 111,408,000) 



Offense cliarged 



TOTAL 

Percent distribution ' 



Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 
manslaughter 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence. 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Auto theft 



Violent crime '... 

Percent distribution ' 
Property crime * 

Percent distribution ' 



Subtotal for above offenses- 
Percent distribution ' 



Other assaults 

Arson.- 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud-. - 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing-- 

Vandalism - - 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc.. . 

Prostitution and commercialized 
vice... 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape 
and prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children. 

Driving under the influence 



Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations. 
Runaways I 137,5 



See footnotes at end ol table. 



Grand 

toUl all 

ages 



5,663,357 
100.0 



10, 774 
2,013 
12,256 
79,747 
104,899 
231,031 
549,500 
108, 982 



207, 676 
100.0 

889,513 
100.0 



1,099,202 
100.0 



250,748 
7,738 
34,885 
54, 266 
7,060 

53,395 
94, 920 
92,353 



47,394 

41,304 
292,141 
79,999 
36,883 
341,083 

177,888 
1,376,719 

540, 076 
94,862 

640,352 
65,553 
97, 008 



33 

672 
9,223 
6,115 
55, 096 
143, 965 
16,836 



16, 072 



215.896 
24.3 



232.000 
21.1 



19, 169 
3,240 



5,124 
44, 216 



3,408 
8,706 



5,620 

4,290 
39, 210 

1,814 
74,611 

5,713 
26, 307 
56,029 



1,423,617 

26.1 



183 
2,670 
27, 635 
18, 248 
121,116 
283, 867 
61,796 



49,648 

23.9 

466, 769 



516,600 
47.0 



47, 343 
4.770 
3,926 



16,313 
69, 069 
16, 686 



8,687 
65, 156 
1,697 
683 
3,763 

59, 775 
33, 963 

113,078 
10, 796 

196, 219 
IS, 714 
97,008 

137, 628 



Ages 
18 and 
over 



1,239,740 

74.9 



9,679 
1,830 
9,586 
52, 212 
86, 651 
109,916 
266,643 
47, 186 



158,028 
76.1 

422, 744 
47.5 



582, 602 
53.0 



30, 959 
51,516 
6,783 

37, 082 
26,861 
76, 767 



46, 266 

32, 717 
226, 986 
78, 402 
36,200 
337, 320 

118, 113 

1, 342, 766 

426, 998 

84,067 
445, 133 

46, 839 



13, 560 
39,542 
1,950 



1,113 

12,722 



9,227 
319 
16,263 
1,213 
3,923 
8,881 



20 
466 
6,631 
4,104 
34,069 
83,896 
14, 482 



11,225 



132, 436 
14.9 



143, 681 
13.1 



11,886 
1,366 



3,623 
20, 740 
3,017 



2,353 
7,670 



63 

6,144 

3,766 
24, 996 

1,373 
48, 274 

3,745 
19,704 
42, 121 



22 
671 
6,324 
3,437 
23,263 
51,086 
15,909 



90,258 
10.1 



3,253 
10, 719 
2,964 



1,716 
11,655 



9,120 

6,463 
20,508 

1,683 
38, 875 

3,613 
20, 921 
36,842 



47 
706 
6,287 
4,196 
22, 808 
47,983 
16,284 



11, 652 



1,774 
19, 266 



18, 958 
9,660 
24,860 
2,968 
41,090 
.4,384 
29, 424 
31, 710 



81 
821 
6,701 
4,600 
19, 960 
40, 823 
12,768 



116 
878 
6,656 
4,767 
16, 958 
35,404 
8,803 



4,692 
13, 245 
27,292 

6,537 



12,466 



12,881 



12,204 



4,056 
5,831 
4,431 



25,628 



2,458 

26, 077 
14, 660 
28,600 

4,430 
40,643 

5,004 
21,366 
14,947 



1,981 
1,712 



1,748 
30, 122 



30, 299 
23,731 
34,111 

6,314 
40, 150 

6,237 



2,221 
2,044 



3,671 
2,636 
4,673 



3,222 

1,761 
29,831 
1,131 
1,641 
7,072 

24,834 
23,440 
29,334 

6,603 
36, 187 

6,195 



766 
6,394 
4,442 
10, 426 
21, 476 



2,200 
2,216 



3,103 
1,904 
4,154 



3,765 

1,710 
26,243 

1,194 
1,604 
7,594 

17,830 

22,789 
24,826 

4,471 
31, 976 

4,118 



135 



Table 34. — City Arrests by Age, 1970 — Continued 





Age 


Offense charged 


21 


22 


23 


24 


26-29 


30-34 


36-39 


40-44 


45-49 


50-54 


56-59 


60-64 


65 and 
over 


Not 
known 




215,634 
3.8 


199,428 
3.5 


182,616 
3.2 


147,367 
2.6 


553,475 
9.8 


412,833 
7.3 


383.895 
6.8 


389,696 
6.9 


346, 142 
6.1 


263,983 
4.7 


180,458 
3.2 


109,184 
1.9 


95,214 
1.7 






(») 




Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 


636 
96 
760 
4,897 
4,556 
8,955 
18,224 
3,954 


613 
117 

698 
4,394 
4,461 
7,901 
15,919 
3,306 


616 
93 
686 
3,697 
4,316 
7,057 
13,840 
2,790 


414 

86 
516 
2,907 
3,834 
6,408 
10,646 
2,178 


1,708 
319 

1,930 

9,130 
15, 573 
17, 490 
36,376 

6,699 


1,143 
206 

1,042 

4,116 
11, 142 

8,806 
22,536 

3,259 


892 
164 
616 
2,179 
9,008 
5,630 
16, 760 
1,904 


734 
117 
381 
1.258 
7,196 
3,769 
14, 193 
1,306 


644 

106 

223 

681 

6,161 

2,117 

11,084 

826 


381 
81 

110 

319 
3,260 
1,070 
8,110 

410 


267 
43 
69 
208 
2,011 
672 
8,672 
193 


145 
41 
27 
70 
1,170 
278 
3,701 
83 


173 
42 
26 
77 
1,159 
214 
4,471 
68 




(6) Manslaughter by negligence. 






20 






Burglary — breaking or entering 


19 
39 




8 








10,737 
6.2 

31, 133 
3.6 


10,056 
4.8 

27,125 
3.0 


9,213 

4.4 

23,687 

2.7 


7,671 

3.7 

18,232 

2.0 


28,341 

13.6 

60, 566 

6.8 


17,443 
8.4 

34, 601 
3.9 


12,695 
6.1 

24,294 
2.7 


9,569 

4.6 

19,268 

2.2 


6,699 

3.2 

14,027 

1.6 


4,070 
2.0 

9,590 
1.1 


2,646 

1.2 

6,337 

.7 


1,412 
.7 

4,062 
.6 


1,435 
.7 

4,763 
.6 


60 




■ (•) 






(') 






Subtotal for above offenses 


41,966 
3.8 


37,298 
3.4 


32,993 
3.0 


26,988 
2.4 


89,226 
8.1 


52,250 
4.8 


37, 153 
3.4 


28,954 
2.6 


20,731 
1.9 


13,741 
1.3 


8,926 
.8 


6,615 
.6 


6,230 
.6 


116 
(1) 








10,698 

162 

2,270 

2,644 

342 

2,789 
1,772 
4,384 

5,689 

1,867 
23,372 

1,668 

1,823 
10,916 

4,660 
32,421 
25, 947 

6,622 
30, 148 

3,796 


10,773 

133 

2,364 

2,919 

407 

2,622 
1,636 
4,377 

5,469 

1,919 
20,314 

1,727 

1,888 
11, 595 

3,654 
30,609 
23,659 

6,261 
26,829 

3,296 


10, 691 

137 

2,156 

3,096 

416 

2,350 
1,394 
4,182 

4,641 

1,869 
16,964 

1,698 

2,013 
11,707 

2,863 
29,897 
21,394 

6,130 
24,348 

2,788 


9,007 

124 

1,765 

2,704 

309 

1,908 
1,066 
3,432 

3,453 

1,538 
11,740 

1,763 

1,674 
10, 172 

2,072 
26,376 
17,127 

3,823 
19,222 

2,104 


37, 616 
463 

6,215 
11,087 

1,448 

6,476 
3,935 
13,377 

9,017 

5,947 
33, 789 

9,649 

7,212 
46, 661 

6,524 
118, 648 
61,066 
11,858 
67,810 

6,863 


26, 786 
334 
3,616 
7,268 
1,084 

3,684 
2,480 
9,151 

3,605 

3,767 
15,539 

9,968 

5,374 
40,983 

4,687 
124,807 
42,969 

7,063 
43,619 

3,799 


21,667 

271 

2,405 

6,666 

799 

2,341 

1,874 
7,198 

2,043 

2,976 
8,870 
9,781 
4,336 

41,410 

4,429 

148,966 

38,042 
5,754 

36,267 
2,768 


17,698 

229 

1,710 

4,240 

515 

l,7t)2 
1,474 
6,900 

1,297 

2,510 
5,393 
9,732 
3,142 

43, 173 

4,339 

184, 167 

34,926 
5,639 

30, 797 
2,169 


12, 193 

184 

1,081 

2,847 

363 

1,065 
1,017 
4,272 

948 

1,878 
2,517 
8,647 
2,009 

38,609 

3,984 

186, 739 

27,857 
4,875 

22,961 
1,476 


7,316 
104 
637 

1,567 
206 

667 

677 

2,740 

558 

1,267 
1,197 
7,057 
1,076 

27,956 

3,058 

154,640 

19, 656 
3,873 

16,329 
973 


4,066 
73 
257 

799 
96 

349 

346 

1,838 

364 

849 

543 

6.447 

508 

18,340 

2,231 

110, 181 

12,229 

3,132 

9,321 

564 


2,136 
39 
106 
339 

49 

180 

206 

1,031 

196 

498 

287 
3,788 

196 
10, 116 
1,436 
68, 691 
6,811 
1,838 
6,387 

340 


2,204 
37 
81 
370 
24 

162 

193 

1,037 

223 

620 

262 
4,363 

186 
6,330 
1,300 
66,682 
7,054 
1,906 
6,594 

376 


24 




1 








g 




1 


Stolen property; buying, receiving, 


4 




6 


Weapons: carrying, possessing, etc.. 
Prostitution and commercialized 


13 
5 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 


4 




23 




12 


Offenses against family and children. 


1 
7 




13 




82 




93 




5 


All other offenses (except traffic) 


189 



































































1 Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

' Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 

3 Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 

* Property crime Is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



136 



Table 35.— G7y Arrests of Persons Under 15, Under 18, Under 21, and Under 25 Years of Age, 1970 

[3,929 cities over 2,600; 1970 population 111,408,000] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL- - 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligcnt manslaughter. . 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape 

Robbery.. _ 

Aggravated assault. ? 

Burglary— brealcing or entering 

Larceny — theft. 

Auto theft 

Violent crime ' 

Property crime *. 

Subtotal for above offenses. 

Other assaults 

Arson — 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement — 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice... 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws. 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children.. 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Runaways... 



Grand 
totol, 
all ages 



10,774 
2,013 
12,256 
79,747 
104,899 
231,031 
549,500 
108,982 



207,676 
889,513 



250,748 
7,738 
34,885 
54,266 
7,060 
53,395 
94, 920 
92,353 

47.394 
41,304 

292,141 
79,999 
36,883 

341,083 

177,888 
1,376,719 

540,076 
94,862 

640,352 
65,553 
97,008 

137,528 



Number of persons arrested 



33 

572 
9,223 
6,115 
55,095 
143, 965 
16,835 



16, 072 
215, 895 



19, 169 
3,240 



6,124 
44,216 
4,196 



6,620 

4,290 
39, 210 

1,814 
74,611 

5,713 
26,307 
65,029 



1,195 
183 
2,670 
27, 635 
18, 248 
121, 116 
283,867 
61, 796 



49,648 
466, 769 



616, 600 



47,343 
4,770 
3,926 
2,760 
277 
16, 313 
69,069 
15, 586 

1,128 
8,587 
65, 165 
1,697 
683 
3,763 



69, 775 
33,963 

113,078 
10, 796 

195, 219 
18, 714 
97,008 

137,628 



2,805 
504 
6,192 
45, 794 
32,049 
161, 745 
3»)8,029 
81,999 



85,840 
611, 773 



698, 117 



78,283 
6,447 
10, 328 
8,722 
1,011 
27,206 
77,045 
29, 421 



13,806 
151, 361 
4,909 
5,446 
24, 320 

132, 738 
103, 913 
201, 348 
27,183 
303,531 
34,264 
97,008 
137, 528 



4,782 
895 
7,842 
61,689 
49,204 
191,066 
426,668 
94,226 



123, 517 
711, 960 



836, 362 



119, 352 
6,003 
18, 873 
20,084 
2,486 
36, 776 
82, 813 
45, 796 

29,138 
20, 989 
223. 731 
11,666 
12,844 



145, 887 
223, 216 
289,475 
48, 919 
404,078 
46, 246 
97,008 
137, 528 



26.2 
15.4 



21.8 
34.5 
17.4 
62.4 
61.7 



23.9 
52.6 



26.0 
25.0 
42.4 
67.4 
30.6 
70.0 
67.0 
76.2 



18.9 


31.2 


61.6 


70.4 


11.3 


29.6 


6.1 


16.1 


3.9 


14.3 


30.6 


51.0 


72.8 


81.2 


16.9 


31.9 


2.4 


21.1 


20.8 


33.4 


22.3 


51.8 



20.9 


37.3 


11.4 


28.7 


30.6 


47.4 


28.5 


62.3 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 



1 Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 

2 Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 

3 Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 



439-758 O - 71 



Table 36.— City Arrests, Distribution by Sex, 1970 

[3,929 cities over 2,600; 1970 population 111,408,000) 



OSense charged 



TOTAL 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter. .. 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape — -- 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault — - - 

Burglary — breaking or entering-. _ 

Larceny— theft .- 

Auto theft - -- -- 

Violent crime ' - 

Property crime ' 

Subtotal for above offenses 

Other assaults - 

Arson. 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sei offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling... 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws.. 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except trafBc) 

Suspicion.. — 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Runaways .- 



Niunber of persons arrested 



10,774 
2,013 
12,256 
79,747 
104,899 
231,031 
549,500 
108,982 



207,676 
889,513 



250,748 
7,738 
34,885 
54,266 
7,060 
53,395 
94,920 
92,353 

47,394 
41,304 

292, 141 
79,999 
36,883 

341,083 

177,888 
1,376,719 

540,076 
94,862 

640,352 
65,553 
97,008 

137,528 



9,126 
1,772 
12,256 
74, 836 
90, 966 
220, 398 
390, 227 
103, 627 



187, 183 
714, 152 



3, 107 



217, 233 
6,974 
26, 376 
39, 087 
5,197 
48,294 
87,500 
86,090 

0,891 
35, 936 

246, 297 
73,648 
32, 719 

317,714 

164,864 
1, 280, 895 

467,854 
75,923 

534, 427 
66, 395 
76, 820 
64,263 



241 



4,911 
13, 934 
10, 633 
159, 273 
6,465 



20, 493 
175,361 



8,609 
15, 179 
1,863 
5,101 
7,420 
6,263 

37, 503 
6,369 

45,844 
6,451 
4,164 

23, 369 

23,034 
95,824 
82, 222 
18, 939 
106,926 
9,158 
20,188 
73, 265 



Percent of total ' 



88.0 
100.0 



96.4 
71.0 
95.0 



86.6 
90.1 
75.6 
72.0 
73.6 
90.4 
92.2 
93.2 

20.9 
87.0 
84.3 
91.9 



87.1 
93.0 
84.8 
80.0 
83.5 
86.0 
79.2 



15.3 
12.0 



24.4 
28.0 



79.1 
13.0 
16.7 



16.2 
20.0 
16.5 
14.0 



11.6 
10.0 



' Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

' Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 

5 Violent crime Is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 

' Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



138 



Table 37.— City Arrest Trends hy Sex, 1969-70 

[3,181 cities over 2,500; 1970 population 103,043,000] 



Offense charged 



Percent 
change 



Percent 
change 



TOTAL- 



Criminal homicide: 

(a) MurderandnonnegUgentmanslaughter. 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence. 

Forcible rape.. 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary — breaking or entering _ . 

Larceny — thelt 

Autotheft--- - --- 



Violent crime '-- 
Property crime ' 



Subtotal for above oflenses- 



Other assaults 

Arson-- 

Forgery and counterfeiting,.- -. 

Fraud - 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing. 

Vandalism - - 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 



Prostitution and commercialized vice - . 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitu- 
tion) - - 

Narcotic drug laws -.. 

Gambling-- - 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving imder the influence _ _ 



Liquor laws- - 

Drunkenness - - 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy - - 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion (not included in totals)-.. 
Curfew and loitering law violations- 
Runaways 



8,260 
1,974 
11,560 
65,619 
82, 931 
196, 552 
328,322 
102,600 



8,762 
1,666 
II, 579 
72,109 
86, 170 
206, 437 
363,354 
97, 512 



+6.1 
-15.6 
+.2 
+9.9 
+2.7 
+5.0 
+10.7 
-5.0 



933 
163 
2,532 
22. 829 
14, 651 
107, 628 
185, 768 
60,773 



1,089 
152 
2,566 
24,817 
14, 899 
108, 392 
195, 159 
54,920 



226 



+4.6 
-12.5 



24 



21 



+.9 
+8.7 
+1.7 



4,419 
12, 726 



124, 166 
6,471 



4,778 
13,248 
10,117 
148, 795 

5,190 



+8.1 
+4.1 
+ 13.9 
+19.8 
-5.1 



1,687 
2,127 
4,6 

59, 742 
3,351 



1,909 

2,492 
6,006 
70, 265 
3,072 



168,370 
627,474 



177, 620 
667,303 



+5.6 
+6.3 



40, 946 
354, 069 



43,360 
358,471 



+5.9 
+1.2 



18,661 
138, 518 



797, 818 



846,589 



+6.1 



395, 167 



401, 983 



195,329 
6,192 
22, 725 
32,301 
3,669 
36, 462 
84,227 
76, 619 

9,387 

37, 579 
167, 402 
68,044 
29, 801 
262, 769 

146, 116 
1,203,661 

449,715 
86,763 

440,488 
76, 080 
73,237 
68,301 



201,086 
6,479 
24, 762 
36,681 
4,861 
45, 022 
80, 989 
80,804 

9,732 

34,090 
236,184 
71,963 
28, 762 
287, 902 

137,921 
1, 173, 708 

427, 439 
72, 097 

492,850 
60,416 
70,368 



+2.9 
+4.6 
+8.9 
+10.6 
+32.5 
+23.5 
-3.8 
+6.9 



+41.1 
+6.8 



-6.6 
-2.6 
-6.0 
-16.9 
+11.9 
-32.9 
-3.9 
+.9 



33,263 

4,096 
2,654 
2,169 
153 
12, 078 
62,843 
13,351 



7,303 
38, 721 
1,679 
464 
2,776 

46, 657 
30, 492 
89, 249 
8,927 
132,212 
16,395 
73,237 
68,301 



35,250 
4,122 
2,649 
1,989 
173 
14,009 
69,666 
14, 120 



6,394 
48, 773 
1,604 



44,466 
26,946 
87,863 
8,963 
135, 986 
13,551 
70,368 



+6.0 
+.6 
-.2 
-8 3 
+13.1 
+16.0 
-6.1 
+6.8 

+ 17.5 

-12.4 
+26.0 
-4.7 
-15.7 
+14.1 

-4.7 
-11.6 

-1.6 
+.4 

+2.9 
-17.3 

-3.9 



27,600 

679 

6,868 

11,699 
1,037 
3,513 
6,713 
5,326 

36,607 

6,816 
30,758 
6,731 
3,918 
18,503 



19, 600 +5. 1 
164, 102 +18. 5 



3,898 
67, 761 



4,483 
78,343 



183,927 +16.8 



31,014 

717 

7,942 

13, 796 
1,775 
4,746 
6,883 
6,894 

36,687 

5,219 
43, 959 
6,306 
3,763 
21,377 



21, 773 
90,647 
78, 372 
11,669 
84,695 
13,314 
18,314 I 18,376 



20,860 
87, 719 
76,809 
18,479 
97, 200 



+. 9 I 66, 602 67, 732 +1. 7 



+12.8 
+5.6 
+15.6 
+17.9 
+71.2 
+36.1 
+2.5 
+10.7 

-.1 

-10.3 
+42.9 
+10.0 
-4.0 
+15.5 

-4.2 
-3.1 

-2.0 
+59.7 
+14.9 
-38.8 
+.3 



7,636 
363 



2,075 
10,229 



116 

9,211 

4,362 
17, 660 

1,457 
39,443 

2,781 
18,314 
66,602 



1,108 

4,312 

603 



1,766 
13,345 



176 

9,316 

3,977 
18, 121 

1,602 
42, 180 

2,779 
18,376 
67, 732 



' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
2 Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



139 






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141 



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142 



Tabic 39. — Suburban Arresf Trends, 1969-70 

[1,676 agencies; 1970 population 39,776,000] 



Offense charged 



Number ol persons arrested 



Total all ages 



Percent 
change 



Under 18 years ot age 



Percent 
change 



18 years of age and over 



Percent 
change 



TOTAL.... 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegllgent manslaughter. . . 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault _ 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft _ 

Auto theft _ 

Violent crime ' _ 

Property crime * 

Subtotal for above offenses 

Other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement __. 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 

Vandalism _. _ 

Weapons: carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the Influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness _ 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy. 

All other offenses (except traffic). 

Suspicion (not included in totals) 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Runaways.. _ 



1,067,085 



1,410 
668 
2,627 
9,084 
19,703 
66,641 
112, 274 
23,607 



32,824 
192, 322 



226,814 

60,144 
2,062 
7,140 

16, 417 
1,694 
8,897 

29,696 

12,497 

2,026 
9,414 
48, 609 
4,081 
12,866 
77, 324 

62,909 
163,480 
99,446 
8,317 
164, 636 
13,636 
24,968 
46,861 



626 
2,689 
10,324 
22,026 
69, 792 
126,783 
23,627 



36,666 
210, 202 



247, 392 

63, 116 
2,160 
8,419 
17,483 
1,286 
11, 372 
29,223 
14, 419 

1,980 
9,492 

76, 747 
4,344 

12,269 



62,329 
160,667 
101,636 
7,269 
179, 610 
12,660 
26,318 
61, 810 



+8.3 
-6.4 
+2.4 
+13.7 
+11.8 
+5.7 
+12.9 
+.6 



+11.4 

+9.3 



476 
2,487 
3,317 
32, 673 
63,682 
14,387 



3,243 

24,761 
3,133 



2,662 
14,781 



1,041 

22,292 
12,967 
30,394 

1,290 
66,093 

6,321 
24,968 
46,861 



496 
2,898 
3,648 
33,232 
69,996 
14,142 



+16.4 
-16.9 
+4.4 
+16.6 
+10.0 
+2.0 
+9.9 
-1.7 



1,300 
606 

2,162 

6,697 
16,386 
23,968 
48,692 

9,120 



1,399 
672 

2,193 

7,426 
18,377 
26,660 
66,788 

9,486 



7,170 
117,369 



+12.2 
+6.1 



26,436 
81,680 



29,396 
92,833 



+6.4 



10,460 
1,482 



4,164 
24,029 
3,200 



2,626 
22,106 



1,161 

22,164 
11,064 
31,316 

2,002 
62,796 

6,729 
26,318 
61, 810 



+9.6 
-1.7 
-1.2 
+4.9 
+13.3 
+28.4 
-3.0 
+2.1 



-4.9 
+11.6 



-14.7 
+3.0 

+66.2 

+11.9 
+7.7 
+6.4 

+13.0 



40,606 

664 

6,287 

14,904 
1,649 
6,664 
4,834 
9,364 



2,002 
6,862 
33,828 
3,934 
12,640 
76,283 

30,617 
160, 613 
69,062 
7,027 
108, 443 
8,214 



42,666 

678 

7,676 

16,946 
1,234 
7,208 
6,194 

11,219 



1,947 
6,966 
63,641 
4,209 
11,960 
88,106 

30,176 
149, 603 
70, 319 
6,267 
116, 714 
6,921 



-2.7 
+1.7 

+68.6 
+7.0 
-4.7 

+16.6 

-1.4 
-.6 

+1.8 
-26.0 

+7.6 
-16.7 



1 Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
' Property crime Is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



143 



Table 40. — Suburban Arrests by Age, 1970 

[2,018 agencies; 1970 population 45,206,000) 



OUense charged 



TOTAL 

Percent distribution ' 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 

manslaughter 

(b) Manslaughter by negligence. 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault, _ 

Burglary — breaking or entering 

Larceny —theft,, 

Auto theft. 

Violent crime 3 

Percent distribution ^ — 

Property crime * 

Pircent distribution' 

Subtotal for above offenses 

Percent distribution i 

Other assaults. 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeit! ng 

Fraud ,.. 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc.. 

Prostitution and commercialized 

vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 

prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws .- 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children. 
Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkermess 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations. 
Runaways 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Grand 
total 

all ages 



1,344,050 
100.0 



1,797 
742 
3,147 
11,578 
25,514 
67,738 
144,361 
26,667 

"42^036" 

100.0 

238,766 

100.0 



281,544 
100.0 



59,470 
2,428 
9,427 

19,578 
1,504 

13, 248 
32,774 
16,712 



2.191 

10,645 
83,967 
5,017 
15,961 
103,042 

62,337 
185, 121 
114,799 
8,569 
212,720 
16,442 
29,421 
57,133 



169, 153 
12.6 



1,281 
16, 232 
38, 821 



59, 139 
24 8 



61,485 
21.8 



4,679 
1,104 



1,454 
16,954 
1,140 



1,100 
3,275 



2,475 
1,704 

12,510 
523 

29,403 
1,935 
6,700 

22,229 



463,761 
34.5 



140, 924 
60.1 



11,504 
1,640 



26, 775 
3,587 



2,902 
24, 525 



1,358 

25. 931 
12, 124 
34,538 

2,123 
75,164 

7,137 
29,421 
67, 133 



1,656 
679 
2,559 
8,413 
21.309 
30, 060 
66, 265 
10, 689 



33, 937 



106,004 
44 4 



8,626 
18, 989 
1,442 

8,430 
5,999 
13, 125 



7,743 
69, 442 

4,866 
15, 676 
101,684 

36,406 
172,997 
80, 261 
6,446 
137, 666 
9,305 



2,037 
5,699 



3,704 
10, 327 



110,249 
8.2 



36, 994 
15.5 



13, 916 
4,395 



8,619 27,452 28,323 
13. 7 9. 8 10. 1 



7,655 
14, 368 
4,399 



26,322 
11.0 



219 
930 
1,108 
6,242 
11,991 
3,098 



2,301 



45 
283 
1,192 
1,405 
5,716 
10, 105 
2,252 



2,962 



1,229 
4,038 



23,664 21,080 15,1 



1,177 


2,791 


2,033 


248 


451 


205 


21 


108 


138 


28 


83 


90 


4 


16 


5 


278 


1,088 


997 


4,800 


8,119 


4,221 


288 


758 


638 




2 
765 


4 

568 


211 


290 


2,939 


4,460 


4 


37 


17 


25 


64 


65 


3 


24 


63 


181 


2,261 


3.962 


121 


1,668 


2,187 


2,998 


7,680 


6,450 


83 


413 


424 


6,930 


18,534 


15,456 


402 


1,329 


1,642 


907 


5,678 


6,420 


3,425 


17,022 


15,033 



1,177 
3,382 



8,416 
3,492 
7,808 
626 
16,329 
1,869 
9,052 



1,190 
2,218 
1,019 



11,078 

4,741 

7,770 

661 

13, 977 
1,801 
7,249 
6,252 



1,192 
1,128 
1,199 



12, 072 

7,098 

8,974 

866 

13,840 

i,e 



9,087 
6,155 
6,877 
660 
11,282 
1,272 



56,955 
4.2 



218 
873 
1,161 
3,015 
5,260 
1,124 



2,328 

5.5 

9,389 



6,148 
6,524 
6,357 



144 



Table 40. — Suburban Arrests by Age, 1970 — Continued 

















Age 














Offense charged 


21 


22 


23 


24 


26-29 


30-34 


35-39 


40-44 


45-49 


60-54 


55-59 


60-64 


66 and 
over 


Not 
known 


TOTAL. 


50,227 
3.7 


4S,701 
3.4 


41,994 
3.1 


33,421 
2.5 


119,675 
8.9 


84,375 
6.3 


72,787 
5.4 


69, 149 
5.1 


56,498 
4.2 


40,263 
3.0 


25,503 
1.9 


14,536 
1.1 


11,776 
.9 


25 

(i) 


Percent distribution ' 


Criminal homicide: 

ia) Murder and nonnegligent 


97 

3S 

214 

823 

1,156 

2,461 

4,369 

932 


65 

50 

200 

729 

1,116 

2,078 

3,879 

762 


99 

27 

204 

600 

1,103 

1,959 

3,463 

610 


74 
25 
147 
506 
969 
1,404 
2,618 
437 


270 
117 
482 
1,391 
3,870 
4,340 
8,863 
1,369 


206 
68 
233 
631 

2,579 

2.091 

6,471 

660 


171 
62 
161 
328 

2,128 

1,264 

3,%5 

410 


147 
66 
74 
183 
1,750 
788 
3,340 
276 


95 
43 
41 
74 
1,195 
480 
2,540 
186 


71 
26 
27 
43 
768 
223 
1,801 
81 


52 
23 
11 
28 
436 
123 
1,140 
65 


17 
10 
6 
9 
226 
43 
763 
13 


37 
19 
11 
7 
228 
27 
838 
7 




(b) Manslaughter by negligence.. 




Robbery _. 




Burglary— breaking or entering 




Autotheft.. 










2,290 
5.4 

7,762 
3.3 


2,110 
5.0 

6,709 
2.8 


2,006 
4.8 

6,032 
2.5 


1,686 
4.0 

4,459 
1.9 


6,013 

14.3 

14,572 

6.1 


3,648 
8.7 

8,222 
3.4 


2,788 
6.6 

5,639 
2.4 


2,154 
6.1 

4,403 
1.8 


1,405 
3.3 

3,206 
1.3 


909 

2.2 

2,105 

.9 


527 

1.3 

1,318 

.6 


257 
.6 

819 
.3 


283 
.7 

872 
.4 














« 




Subtotal for above offenses 


10,087 
3.6 


8,869 
3.2 


8,065 
2.9 


6,170 
2.2 


20,702 
7.4 


11,938 
4.2 


8,489 
3.0 


6,613 
2.3 


4,654 
1.7 


3,040 
1.1 


1,868 
.7 


1,086 
.4 


1,174 
.4 


1 






2,349 
48 
527 
898 
61 

663 
376 
870 

207 

455 

6,373 

66 

637 
3,360 

1,416 
6,390 
5,387 

391 
8,895 

772 


2,398 
42 

657 
1,015 

135 

683 
367 

787 

343 

426 

5,226 

80 

755 
3,451 

993 
6,103 
4,594 

385 
7,875 

618 


2,393 
47 
598 

1,036 
67 

617 
302 
778 

265 

476 

4,266 

109 

808 

3,478 

737 
6,700 
4,213 

286 
7,371 

493 


2,054 
34 
604 

1,021 
61 

416 
243 
613 

173 

418 

2,687 

112 

751 

3,104 

600 
4,606 
3,309 

238 
6,997 

411 


8,676 

107 

1,714 

4,276 

256 

1,313 

774 

2,131 

481 

1,367 
6,977 
682 
3,186 
13, 676 

1,344 

18,860 
11,256 
742 
20,271 
1,184 


6,423 

89 

1,065 

2,910 

240 

746 

462 

1,386 

157 

843 
2,687 

698 
2,521 
12,288 

824 
16,946 
7,539 

447 
13,676 

590 


6,233 
60 

682 
2,154 

189 

470 

294 

1,121 

91 

610 
1,263 

630 
2,110 
12,222 

742 
17,923 
6,380 

386 
11, 275 

463 


4,691 
41 

610 
1,720 

127 

334 

. 250 
924 

72 

626 

689 

631 

1,481 

13, 123 

701 
20,449 
6,596 

379 
10,025 

367 


3,030 
31 
362 

1,059 
78 

232 
183 
654 

40 

440 
321 
521 

947 
11,549 

646 

19,304 

4,452 

377 

7,373 

265 


1,770 
18 
141 
645 
41 

153 

106 
397 

23 

271 
183 
444 
477 
8,551 

482 

15,522 

2,842 

320 

4,701 

236 


939 
13 
64 

257 
26 

69 
75 
242 

19 

180 
68 
336 
180 
6,474 

340 

10, 711 

1,692 

228 

2,640 

83 


624 
3 
22 

108 

7 

29 
36 
148 

7 

102 
33 

236 

69 

2,862 

190 
6,450 
964 
136 
1,472 
53 


404 
6 
14 
54 
2 

15 
34 

128 

7 

145 
28 

243 

60 

1,734 

183 
5,266 
829 
141 
1,260 
59 














5 








Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized 


1 


Sex offenses (eicept forcible rape and 












Offenses against family and children.. 


1 


















All other offenses (except traffic) 


10 






Runaways 





























































1 Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

' Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 

3 Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 

* Property crline is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



i 



145 



Table 41. — Suburban Arrests of Persot)S Ui>der 75, Under 18, Under 21, and Under 25 Yean of Age, 1970 

12,018 agencies; 1970 population 45,206,000] 







Number o 


persons arrested 




Percentage 


Offense charged 


Grand 
total 
all 
ages 


Under 
15 


Under 
18 


Under 
21 


Under 
26 


Under 
15 


Under 
18 


Under 
21 


Under 
25 




1,344,050 


169,153 


463,761 


678. 120 


849,463 


12.6 


34.5 


50.5 


63.2 






Criminal homicide: 


1,797 
742 
3,147 
11,578 
25,514 
67,738 
144,361 
26,667 


22 

10 

89 

944 

1,281 

16,232 

38,821 

4,086 


141 
63 

688 
3.165 

4,205 
37,688 
79,096 
15,978 


397 
181 
1,337 
6,226 
8,000 
50,457 
101,311 
20, 879 


732 
318 
2,102 
8,884 
12,334 
68.359 
116,640 
23,610 


1.2 
1.3 
2.8 
8.2 
5.0 
24.0 
26.9 
15.3 


7.8 
8.5 
18.7 
27.3 
16.5 
65.6 
64.8 
59.9 


22.1 
24.4 
42.5 
63.8 
31.4 
74.6 
70.2 
78.3 


40.7 




42.9 




66.8 




76.7 




48.3 




86.2 




80.1 




88.5 








42,036 
238,766 


2,336 
59, 139 


8,099 
132, 762 


16,960 
172, 647 


24,052 
197, 609 


6.6 
24.8 


19.3 
55.6 


38.0 
72.3 


57.2 




82.8 


™ . 






281,544 


61,485 


140.924 


188, 788 


221, 979 


21.8 


50.1 


67.1 


78.8 








59,470 
2,428 
9,427 
19,578 
1,504 
13,248 
32,774 
16,712 

2,191 
10,645 
83,967 

5,017 
15,961 
103,042 

62.337 
185, 121 
114,799 
8,569 
212,720 
16,442 
29,421 
57, 133 


4,679 

1,104 

135 

126 

20 

1,464 

16,954 

1,140 

2 

1,100 

3,276 

42 

132 

27 

2,476 
1,704 

12, 510 
623 

29,403 
1, 935 
6,700 

22,229 


11,504 

1,640 

901 

609 

62 

4,818 

26, 776 

3,687 

49 
2,902 

24, 625 
161 
385 

1,358 

25, 931 
12, 124 
34, 538 

2,123 
75,164 

7,137 
29,421 
57, 133 


18, 786 
1,889 
2,575 
2,510 
214 
7,709 

29. 274 
6,532 

306 
4,387 
53,275 

330 
1,978 
8,269 

53,238 
30, 901 
55, 746 
4,112 
109, 879 
10,868 
29, 421 
57,133 


27, 980 
2,060 
4,861 
6,480 
638 
9,887 

30, 561 
9,580 

1,294 
6,161 

71,817 

697 

4,929 

21,662 

56,884 
53,700 
73, 249 
5,411 
140, 017 
13, 162 
29,421 
57. 133 


7.9 
45.5 

1.4 
.6 

1.3 
11.0 
51.7 

6.8 

.1 
10.3 
3.9 

.8 
.8 

4.0 

.9 

10.9 

6.1 
13.8 
11.8 
22.8 
38.9 


19.3 

67.6 
9.6 
3.1 
4.1 
36.4 
81.7 
21.5 

2.2 
27.3 
29.2 
3.0 
2.4 
1.3 

41.6 

6.6 
30.1 
24.8 
35.3 
43.4 
100.0 
100.0 


31.6 
77.8 
27.3 
12.8 
14.2 
58.2 
89.3 
39.1 

14.0 
41.2 
63.4 

6.6 
12.4 

8.0 

85.4 
16.7 
48.6 
48.0 
51.7 
66.1 
100.0 
100.0 


47.0 




84.8 




51.6 




33.1 




36.8 




74.6 




93.2 




67.3 




59.1 




57.9 




85.5 




13.9 




30.9 




21.0 




91.3 




29.0 




63.8 




63.1 




66.8 




80.1 




100.0 




100.0 







I Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
' Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 
' Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 



146 



Table 42. — Suburban Arrests, Distribution by Sex, 1970 

[2,018 agencies; 1970 population 45,20e,000] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL.. 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter.. 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape 

Robbery , 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Autotheft 

Violent crime 3_ 

Property crime * 

Subtotal for above offenses 

O ther assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud.. 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution.) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling... 

Offenses against family and children _ 

Driving under the influence. 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct. 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Runaways 



Number of persons arrested 


Percent 
male 


Percent 
female 


Percent of total ' 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


1,344,050 


1,137,585 


206,465 


84.6 


15.4 


100. 


100.0 


100.0 


1,797 


1,503 


294 


83.6 


16.4 


.1 


.1 


.1 


742 


647 


95 


87.2 


12.8 


.1 


.1 


P) 


3,147 
11,578 


3,147 

10,964 




100.0 
94.7 




.2 

.9 


.3 
1.0 




614 


5.3 


.3 


25,514 


22, 786 


2,728 


89.3 


10.7 


1.9 


2.0 


1.3 


67,738 


64,661 


3,077 


96.6 


4.6 


5.0 


5.7 


1.5 


144,361 


104,341 


40,020 


72.3 


27.7 


10.7 


9.2 


19.4 


26,667 


26,223 


1,444 


94.6 


6.4 


2.0 


2.2 


.7 


42,036 


38,400 


3,636 


91.4 


8.6 


3,1 


3.4 


1.8 


238,766 


194,225 


44,541 


81.3 


18.7 


17.8 


17.1 


21.6 


281,544 


233,272 


48,272 


82.9 


17.1 


20.9 


20.5 


23.4 


59,470 


52,333 


7,137 


88.0 


12.0 


4.4 


4.6 


3.5 


2,428 


2,289 


139 


94.3 


6.7 


.2 


.2 


.1 


9,427 


7,176 


2,251 


76.1 


23.9 


.7 


.6 


1.1 


19,578 


13,959 


5,619 


71.3 


28.7 


1.6 


1.2 


2.7 


1,504 


1,117 


387 


74.3 


26.7 


.1 


.1 


.2 


13,248 


12, 176 


1,072 


91.9 


8.1 


1.0 


1.1 


.6 


32,774 


3D, 614 


2,260 


93.1 


6.9 


2.4 


2.7 


1.1 


16,712 


15,765 


947 


94.3 


6.7 


1.2 


1.4 


.6 


2,191 


376 


1,816 


17.1 


82.9 


.2 


W 


.9 


10,645 


9,662 


1,083 


89.8 


10.2 


.8 


.8 


.5 


83,967 


70,859 


13, 108 


84.4 


15.6 


6.2 


6.2 


6.3 


5,017 


4,576 


442 


91.2 


8.8 


.4 


.4 


.2 


15,961 


14, 957 


1,004 


93.7 


6.3 


1.2 


1.3 


.6 


103,042 


95,632 


7,410 


92.8 


7.2 


7.7 


8.4 


3.6 


62,337 


64,266 


8,081 


87.0 


13.0 


4.6 


4.8 


3.9 


185,121 


168,404 


16.717 


91.0 


9.0 


13.8 


14.8 


8.1 


114.799 


99,238 


15,561 


86.4 


13.6 


8.6 


8.7 


7.6 


8,569 


7,263 


1.306 


84.8 


16.2 


.6 


.6 


.6 


212,720 


177,976 


34.745 


83.7 


16.3 


15.8 


16.6 


16.8 


16,442 


14,163 


2,279 


86.1 


13.9 


1.2 


1.2 


1.1 


29,421 


22,567 


6,864 


76.7 


23.3 


2.2 


2.0 


3.3 


57,133 


29,158 


27,975 


51.0 


49.0 


4.3 


2.6 


13.6 



I Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

- Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 

' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape,robbery and aggravated assault. 

1 Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



147 



Table 43. — Suburban Arrests by Race, 1970 

|2,001 agencies; 1970 population 44,903,000] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL. 



Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent man- 
slaughter 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary^breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft . _ 

Auto theft.. 



Total arrests 



Violent crime * . 
Property crime ' 



Subtotal for above offenses . 



Other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting — 

Fraud 

Embezzlement — 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, pos- 
sessing - 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. 



Prostitution and commercialized vice — 
Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 

prostitution) 

Narcotic drag laws 

Gambling. — 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy.. 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion... 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Runaways 



1,788 
733 
3,127 
11,556 
25,395 
67,341 
143, 259 
26,471 



41,866 
237, 071 



279,670 



59,337 
2,415 
9,397 

19,588 
1,502 

13,114 
32,464 
16,657 

2,189 

10,599 
83,321 
4,955 
15,881 
102, 616 

61,725 
183, 024 
114,141 

8,556 
210,874 
16,406 
29,265 
56,808 



1,099 
617 
2,187 
6,490 
18, 220 
54, 642 
114,508 
20, 650 



12,211 
27, 682 
5,609 



27, 996 
189, 800 



218,413 



46, 015 
2,142 
7,394 

16, 143 
1,320 

9,712 
29, 675 
11,811 

1,396 

9,440 
74, 685 

3,038 
13,063 
91,086 

68,494 
156, 408 
95. 543 
7.251 
180, 208 
14, 529 
27.421 
52, 295 



13, 465 

45, 402 



1,940 
3,402 



3,287 
2.687 
4,715 

774 

1,063 
8.170 
1,867 
2,704 
8,862 

2,688 
22,832 
17, 508 
1,203 
29,084 
1,805 
1,621 
3,627 



Percent distribution 



61.5 
84.2 
69.9 
66.2 
71.7 
81.1 



78.7 
82.4 
87.9 

74.1 
91.4 
70.9 



61.3 

82.3 



94.8 
85.5 



37.8 
13.2 
28.8 
43.1 
27.2 
18.1 
19.3 



32.2 
19.2 



?1,S 


.3 
.1 
.3 
.1 

.6 

.2 
.2 
.2 

.1 

.3 

.1 

.3 

.6 

.4 
1.7 
.3 
.7 
.3 
.2 
.4 
.4 






11.0 

20.6 
17.4 




.1 
.1 


11 5 






26.1 






8 






?8 3 






35.4 
10.0 




.1 


9.8 
37.7 
17.0 


.3 


.1 


8.6 






4.4 






12.5 






16.3 






14.1 






13.8 






11.0 






6.2 






6.4 




.1 



See footnotes at end of table. 



148 



Table 43. — Suburban Arrests by Race, 1970 — Continued 





Arrests under 18 ■ 


Percent distribution 


Offense charged 


Total 


White 


Negro 


Indian 


Chi- 
nese 


Japa- 
nese 


AU 
Others 


White 


Negro 


Indian 


Chi- 
nese 


Japa- 
nese 


All 
others 


TOTAL 


425,964 


373,274 


48,768 


1,128 


102 


201 


2,491 


87.6 


11.4 


0.3 






0.6 








Criminal homicide: 

(o) Murder and nonnegligent man- 
slaughter 


123 

69 
524 
2,902 
3,922 
34,624 
70,635 
14,770 


69 
54 
314 
1,473 
2,744 
28,675 
58,744 
11,852 


54 
6 

207 
1,405 
1,139 
5,780 
11,431 
2,749 










56.1 
91.5 
69.9 
50.8 
70.0 
82.5 
83.2 
80.2 


43.9 

8.5 
39 5 
48.4 
29.0 
16.7 
16.2 
18.6 










(6) Manslaughter by negligence 


















Forcible rape 


3 
7 
14 
92 
134 
74 








.6 
.2 
.4 
.3 
.2 
.6 








Robbery 


1 
6 
24 
9 


1 
2 
21 

36 
7 


16 
22 
160 
266 
79 






.6 
.6 
.4 
.4 
.6 




.1 


.1 
.1 

.1 






Autotheft _ 




Violent crime '.. 


7,471 
120,029 


4,600 

99,171 


2,806 
19,960 


24 
300 


1 
39 


3 

64 


38 
495 


61.6 
82.6 


37.5 
16.6 


.3 

.2 






.5 
.4 






.1 




Subtotal for above offenses 


127,559 


103,825 


22, 770 


324 


40 


67 


633 


81.4 


17.9 


.3 




.1 


.4 


Other assaults 


10,667 

1,498 

844 

514 

50 

4,145 
24,302 
3,279 

47 

2,711 

23,093 

140 

265 

1,263 

22,608 
11,422 
31,537 

2,077 
70,693 

7,095 
27,572 
52,583 


8,032 

1,362 

726 

426 

48 

3,153 
22,440 
2,711 

35 

2,361 

21,737 

74 

238 

1,201 

21,985 
10, 567 
26,728 

1,906 
62,761 

6,563 
25,880 
48,516 


2,689 

131 

109 

88 

2 

970 

1,721 

563 

12 

326 
1,097 
65 
27 
44 

454 

678 
4,429 

158 
7,406 

616 
1,380 
3,244 


12 

1 
1 


1 


3 
3 


30 
1 

8 


75.3 
90.9 
86.0 
82.9 
96.0 

76.1 
92.3 
82 7 

74.6 

87.1 
94.1 
62.9 
89.8 
95.1 

97.2 
92.5 
84.8 
91.8 
88.8 
92.5 
93.9 
92.3 


24.3 
8.7 
12.9 
17.1 
4.0 

23.4 

7.1 
16.9 

25.6 

12.0 
4.8 
46.4 
10.2 
3.5 

2.0 
5.9 

14.0 
7.6 

10.5 
7.3 
6.0 
6.2 


.1 
.1 
.1 






.3 






.2 


Forgery and counterfeiting 


.9 


Fraud 










Embezzlement 


















Stolen property; buying, receiving, pos- 
sessing 


2 
27 
3 


1 
4 

1 


2 
2 


17 
108 
11 








.4 
.4 
.3 




.1 

.1 






Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 






Prostitution and commercialized vice 








Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 


10 
18 


1 

8 


2 
22 


11 
211 

1 


.4 
.1 




.1 
.1 


.4 
.9 




Gambling 


Offenses against family and children 
















Driving under the influence 


11 

85 
93 
70 
2 
166 
6 
107 
190 






7 

76 

81 
297 

10 
316 

10 
188 
676 


.9 

.4 
.8 
.2 
.1 
.2 
.1 
.4 
.4 








Liquor laws. 


2 

1 
3 

16 

5 
19 


6 

2 
10 

1 
28 

1 
12 
40 














.7 
.9 
.5 


Disorderly conduct 












All other offenses (except traffic) 














Curfew and loitering law violations 






.7 






.1 









See footnotes at end of table. 



149 



Table 43. — Suburban Arrests by Race, 1970 — Continued 





Arrests 18 and over » 


Percent distribution 


Offense charged 


Total 


White 


Negro 


Indian 


Chi- 
nese 


Japa- 
nese 


All 
others 


White 


Negro 


Indian 


Chi- 
nese 


Japa- 
nese 


All 
others 


TOTAL 


808,027 


671,890 


127,817 


5,258 


217 


241 


2,604 


83.2 


15.8 


0.7 






3 










Criminal homicide: 

(a) Mm"der and nonnegligent man- 


1,513 
610 
2,336 
7,718 
19,981 
27,701 
58,671 
10,066 


957 
513 
1,681 
4,695 
14,490 
22, 006 
45,011 
7,491 


548 
89 
633 
3,068 
5,272 
5,521 
13, 178 
2,446 


4 
2 
5 
19 
89 
82 
165 
68 






4 
6 
15 
34 
120 
82 
241 
66 


63.3 
84.1 
72.0 
59.5 
72.5 
79.4 
76.7 
74.4 


36.2 
14.6 
27.1 
39.8 
26.4 
19.9 
22.5 
24.3 


.3 
.3 
.2 
.2 
.4 
.3 
,3 
.7 






.3 












1.0 




1 
2 
7 
1 
38 
3 


1 

3 

9 
38 
2 






.6 








.4 








.6 








.3 




.1 


.1 


.4 




.6 












31,548 
96,438 


21, 723 
74, 508 


9,621 
21, 145 


117 
315 


10 
42 


4 

49 


173 
379 


68.9 
77.3 


30.2 
21.9 


.4 
.3 






.5 






.1 


.4 








128,596 


96, 744 


30 755 1 434 


52 


63 


658 


75.2 


23.9 


.3 






.4 
















45,500 
712 

7,912 
17,895 

1,283 

7,436 
5,358 
11,638 

2,070 

7,244 
55,267 

4,575 
13,885 
91,874 

29,389 
161,181 
75,349 
6,328 
125,224 
9,311 


35,549 
607 

6,187 
14,921 

1,125 

5,494 
4,697 
8,014 

1,331 

6,521 
48,856 

2,797 
11, 373 
82, 826 

27,278 
136,671 
62, 675 
5,220 
105,038 
7,966 


9,629 

104 

1,673 

2,936 

150 

1,867 

616 

3,635 

720 

667 
6,134 
1,729 
2,416 
8,326 

1,883 
21,099 
12, 014 

1,022 
19, 262 

1,290 


140 

1 
27 
24 

6 

21 
22 
27 

3 

25 
68 
2 
42 
452 

167 

2,922 

308 

61 
479 

27 


6 


2 


174 


78.1 
86.3 
78.2 
83.4 
87.7 

73.9 
87.7 
68.9 

64.3 

90.0 
88.4 
61.1 
81.9 
90.2 

92.8 
84.8 
83.2 
82.6 
83.9 
85.6 


21.2 
14.6 
21.1 
16.4 
11.7 

25.1 
11.6 
30.4 

34.8 

9.1 
11.1 
37.8 
17.4 

9.1 

6.4 
13.1 
15.9 
16.2 
15.4 
13.9 


.3 

.1 
.3 
.1 

.6 

.3 
.4 
.2 

.1 

.3 
.1 

.3 

.5 

.6 
1.8 

.4 
1.0 

.4 

.3 






.4 












2 
1 


5 
1 


18 
12 
2 

62 
20 
58 

14 

37 
160 
32 
49 
214 

67 
451 
290 

23 
367 

26 




.1 


.2 




.1 








.2 


Stolen property; buying, receiving, 


2 
2 
2 

2 
20 
14 

12 

2 
16 
38 

45 

1 


1 

2 

2 

2 

39 
1 
5 

44 

2 
22 
24 

2 
33 

1 






.7 








.4 


Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 






.5 




.1 


.7 
.5 




.3 


.1 


.3 




.7 


Offenses against family and children 


.4 






.2 








.2 








.3 




.1 




.4 




.4 








.3 








.3 



































































' Violent crime is oflenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
2 Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 
' Data used only when adult and juvenile race furnished. 



150 



Table 44.— Rural Arrest Trends, 1969-70 

(872 agencies; 1970 population 15,753,000) 



Number of persons arrested 



Ofiense charged 



Total all ages 



Under 18 years of age 



Percent 
change 



18 years of age and over 



Percent 
change 



TOTAL- 



Criminal homicide: 

(o) Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter. 

(d) Manslaughter by negligence... 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault. 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft - 

Autotheft 



Violent crime '. . . 
Property crime'. 



Subtotal for above offenses. 



Other assaults.. 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing. 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 



Prostitution and commercialized vice.. 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) . 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 



Liquor laws- 

Drunkenness.. 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion (not included in totals) 

Curfew and loitering law violations. 
R unaways 



565 
834 
1,299 
4,816 
14,480 
16,004 



7,500 
34,322 



2,253 
6,920 
373 
1.438 
4,760 
2,095 

292 
1,786 
4,391 
2,055 
6,262 
25,490 

21,025 
39,663 
12,358 
1,839 
49,803 
1,372 
1,420 
8,167 



194,058 224,073 



937 
1,366 
5,347 
16,023 
17, 517 
5,026 



+21.6 
-5.8 
+12.4 
+6.2 
+11.0 
+10.7 
+16.7 
+3.9 



6,548 
5,061 
2,369 



7,218 
6,196 
2,410 



+150. 
-38.9 
+60.0 
+13.8 
+14.5 
+10.2 
+22.4 
+1.7 



1,132 

4,465 
7,932 



8,320 
38, 565 



+10.9 
+12.4 



+23.3 
+13.2 



+11.9 



+13.5 



2,597 
7,938 
670 
2,116 
6,566 
2,424 



1,866 
9,290 
1,942 
6,571 
30,487 

22,688 
46, 442 
12, 801 



1,672 
10,344 



+8.3 
+12.6 
+15.3 
+14.7 
+62.8 
+47.1 
+16.9 
+16.7 

-32.2 

+4.6 
+111.4 
-5.6 
+4.9 
+19.6 

+7.9 
+17.1 
+3.6 



+17.7 
+26.7 



6,829 
1,639 
1,382 



1,420 
8,167 



7,527 
1,631 
1,505 



1,672 
10,344 



+6.2 
+50.5 
+23.1 
+1.9 
+284.6 
+34.6 
+ 17.1 
+16.5 

-18.2 
-6.2 
+86.6 
-25.0 
-28,6 
-16.6 

+10.2 
+6.0 
+8.9 
-1.3 
+9.9 
+6.8 
• +17.7 

+26.7 



2,032 
6,817 



281 
1,511 
3,485 
2,039 
6,178 
25, 121 

14, 196 
38, 124 
10, 976 
1,681 
40, 089 
797 



610 
787 
1,176 
4,945 
8,806 
11,322 
2,616 



7,538 
22, 742 



1,636 
2,179 
2.186 



6.611 
30. 179 

16. 161 
44.811 
11.296 
1.631 
46. 537 
826 



' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
2 Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



151 



Table 45.— Rural Arreits by Age, 1970 

[1,131 agencies; 1970 population 19,366,000) 





Grand 

total 

all ages 


Ages 

under 

IS 


Ages 

under 

18 

76, 263 

19.7 


Ages 










Age 










Offense charged 


18 and 
over 


10 and 
under 


11-12 


13-14 


16 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 




387,903 
100.0 


17, 458 

4.5 


311,640 

80.3 


1,930 

.6 


3,064 

.8 


12,464 

3.2 


14,385 

3.7 


21,731 

6.6 


22,689 

5.8 


25,072 

6.6 


22,199 

5.7 


18,894 








Criminal homicide: 

(o) Murder and nonnegligent 


927 
666 
1.304 
1,928 
8,058 
21,567 
22,867 
6,613 


8 
4 
13 

47 

92 

2,964 

2,240 

640 


53 

30 

194 

286 

565 

9.660 

8.042 

3,160 


874 
626 
1,110 
1,642 
7,493 
11,917 
14, 825 
3,463 


1 

19 
337 
244 

23 


1 
1 

1 
7 
16 
690 
491 
49 


7 

3 

11 

40 

57 

1,937 

1,505 

568 


8 

1 

34 

36 

72 

1,799 

1,434 

770 


13 
4 

67 

86 

160 

2,537 

2,098 

1,019 


24 
21 
90 
118 
241 
2,360 
2,270 
721 


39 
23 
115 
185 
369 
2,346 
2,446 
626 


37 
44 
119 
176 
364 
1,749 
1,829 
443 


3g 


(W Manslaughter by negligence. 


31 

109 




167 




383 


Burglary — brealjing or entering 


1,311 
1.291 




354 








12,217 
100.0 

51,047 
100.0 


160 

1.3 

5,844 

11.4 


1,098 

9.0 

20, 842 

40.8 


11,119 
91.0 

30, 205 
59.2 


20 
.2 
604 
1.2 


25 

.2 

1,230 

2.4 


115 

.9 

4,010 

7.9 


150 

1.2 

4,003 

7.8 


316 

2.6 

5,664 

11.1 


473 

3.9 

6,341 

10.6 


708 

5.8 

6,418 

10.6 


695 

6.7 

4,021 

7.9 


698 




5.7 




2,956 




6.8 






Subtotal for above offenses 


63,920 
100.0 


6,008 
9.4 


21,970 
34.4 


41,950 
65.6 


624 
1.0 


1,256 
2.0 


4,128 
6.6 


4,164 
6.6 


6,973 
9.3 


6,835 
9.1 


6,149 
9.6 


4,760 
7.4 


3,685 
6.8 








12,943 

832 

3,825 

12,328 
673 

3,007 
7,089 
3,540 

237 

2,469 
12,492 
2,160 
9,168 
41,960 

27,900 
72,552 
19,707 
2,246 
71,136 
1,897 
2,254 
13,569 


151 

160 

36 

9 

2 

96 

2,012 

66 

1 

76 
190 

2 
11 

6 

602 
131 
427 
17 

3,157 
14S 
423 

3,827 


876 
367 
371 
137 
61 

711 

4,409 

320 

9 

361 
2,360 
14 
93 
432 

8,997 
2,356 
2.520 
186 
13, 160 
740 
2,254 
13, 569 


12,067 

465 

3,454 

12, 191 
622 

2,296 
2,680 
3.220 

228 

2,108 
10, 132 
2,146 
9,075 
41, 528 

18,903 
70, 196 
17, 187 

2,059 
57,976 

1,157 


9 
51 
4 


43 

46 

7 


99 
63 

25 
9 
2 

80 

1,006 

49 

1 

57 
171 
1 
7 
6 

456 
118 
302 
12 

2,094 
115 
370 

3,296 


123 

68 
62 
13 
3 

121 
754 
43 

2 

74 
321 
2 
13 
30 

1,097 
296 
398 
24 

2,478 
153 
506 

3,661 


247 
70 

118 
42 
24 

247 
862 
89 

3 

97 

749 

3 

22 
118 

3,030 
772 
765 
61 

3,614 
195 
707 

3,963 


355 
69 

155 
73 
22 

247 
791 
122 

3 

114 

1,100 

7 

47 

278 

4,368 

1,157 
940 
94 

3,911 
244 
619 

2,138 


614 

69 
249 
267 

22 

311 

624 
178 

8 

160 

1,775 

6 

228 

856 

6,255 
1,971 
1,220 

168 
4,800 

172 


667 
61 
245 
362 
21 

234 
416 
195 

6 

115 
1,791 
13 
265 
929 

4,372 
1,864 
1,116 

136 
4,495 

147 


671 




46 




219 




450 








23 




3 

479 
6 


13 

528 
11 


206 




262 


Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc... 

Prostitution and commercialized 
vice 


153 
14 


Sei offenses (except forcible rape and 


6 
2 

1 

10 
4 

42 

3 

571 

11 
8 

96 


13 

17 

4 

36 
9 
83 
2 
492 
22 
46 
436 


131 




1,483 




16 


Offenses against family and children. 


287 
1,104 




2,907 




1,974 




1,110 




106 


All other offenses (except traffic) — 


4,060 
86 


Curfew and loitering law violations. 























See footnotes at end of table. 



152 



Table 45. — Rural Arrests by Age, 1970 — Continued 





Age 


Offense charged 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25-29 


30-34 


35-39 


40-44 


45-49 


50-54 


55-59 


60-64 


65 and 
over 


Not 
known 


TOTAL 


15,988 
4.1 


15,486 
4.0 


14,463 

3.7 


12,077 
3.1 


40,740 
10.5 


31,340 
8.1 


28,236 
7.3 


26,373 

6.8 


21,410 
5.5 


16,519 
4.3 


11,046 

2.8 


6,364 
1.6 


5,427 
1.4 


6 




Criminal liomicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 


41 
39 
89 
151 
381 
930 
1,016 
275 


38 
52 
81 
124 
439 
810 
929 
249 


37 
42 
75 
114 
416 
733 
812 
206 


42 
35 
64 
93 
356 
561 
629 
165 


141 

104 

188 

297 

1,216 

1,493 

1,981 

472 


101 
70 
102 
144 
947 
776 
1,295 
269 


87 
37 
67 
86 
767 
530 
827 
153 


77 
56 
35 
41 
660 
300 
648 
114 


65 
32 
25 
29 
490 
187 
466 
71 


43 
21 
22 
16 
316 
113 
304 
33 


31 

12 
5 

13 
181 

47 
189 

25 


24 
9 
7 
3 
96 
14 
86 
8 


31 
19 
7 
4 
112 
17 
87 
10 




(h) Manslaughter by negligence,. 












Burglary — breaking or entering 


1 












662 

6.4 

2,221 

4.4 


682 

5.6 

1,988 

3.9 


642 

5.3 

1,751 

3.4 


555 

4.5 

1,345 

2.6 


1,842 

15.1 

3,946 

7.7 


1,294 

10.6 

2,339 

4.6 


1,007 
8.2 

1,510 
3.0 


813 

6.7 

1,062 

2.1 


609 
5.0 
714 
1.4 


397 
3.2 
450 

.9 


230 
1.9 
261 
.5 


130 
1.1 
108 

.2 


164 
1.3 
114 

.2 






P) 






(') 




Subtotal tor above offenses 


2,922 
4.6 


2,722 
4.3 


2,435 
3.8 


1,935 
3.0 


5,892 
9.2 


3,703 
5.8 


2,654 
4.0 


1,931 
3.0 


1,365 
2.1 


868 
1.4 


603 
.8 


247 
.4 


287 
.4 


2 
(>) 






569 
31 
180 
506 
24 

167 

199 
176 

14 

129 

1,285 

15 

368 
1,278 

995 
2,117 
994 
108 
3,817 
94 


699 
25 
208 
585 
32 

160 
150 
192 

23 

120 
974 
32 
417 
1,436 

596 
2,472 
1,056 

71 
3,544 

73 


647 
26 
203 
668 
32 

122 
140 
175 

21 

121 
813 
30 
542 
1,508 

447 
2,286 
940 
84 
3,173 
50 


570 
24 
183 
542 

29 

84 
108 
149 

20 

100 
470 
40 
437 
1,276 

329 
2,223 
811 
74 
2,630 
43 


2,012 
58 

592 
2,283 

138 

329 
288 
543 

47 

299 

952 

210 

1,808 

5,161 

784 
7,788 
2,588 

200 
8,644 

124 


1,671 
37 

449 
1,902 

105 

177 
155 
371 

26 

225 

275 

225 

1,471 

4,662 

590 
7,304 
1,753 

132 

6,139 

68 


1,283 
28 
312 

1,539 
68 

162 
102 
321 

14 

219 

108 

208 

1,271 

4,860 

604 
7,854 
1,592 

199 

4,874 

64 


1,064 
30 
276 

1,233 
55 

126 
100 

278 

10 

169 
83 
271 
934 
5,026 

572 
8,511 
1,362 

198 

4,069 

76 


701 
17 
168 
862 
37 

100 

52 
183 

10 

117 
57 
269 
524 
4,603 

467 
7,686 
1,008 

153 

2,990 

61 


511 
13 
100 
549 
18 

58 
34 
111 

11 

68 
27 
236 
280 
3,772 

406 
6,619 
758 
163 
1,981 
37 


284 
10 
47 

262 
9 

27 
21 
84 

1 

45 
17 
228 
139 
2,664 

261 
4,625 
433 
125 
1,254 
37 


139 
6 
15 

104 
S 

17 
8 
63 

2 

33 

8 

170 

64 

1,462 

188 
2,761 
256 
86 
714 
17 


164 
5 
9 
97 
4 

16 

22 
48 

1 

67 
13 
177 
38 
1,042 

141 

2,241 

190 

65 
792 

18 




























Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. . . 
Prostitution and commercialized 




Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 












Offenses against family and children.. 


2 


















All other offenses (except traffic) 





































































1 Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

! Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 

> Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 

* Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



153 



Table 46. — Rural Arrests of Persons Under 15, Under 18, Under 21, and Under 25 Years of Age, 1970 

11,131 agencies; 1970 population 19,366,000] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL 

Criminal homicide; 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence. 

Forcible rape 

Robbery,. 

Aggravated assault ._ 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft 

Violent crime ^ 

Property crime ' 

Subtotal for above offenses.. 

Other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud. 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex otienses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws... 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion ., 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Runaways 



Grand 

tot. I 

all ages 



1,304 
1,928 
8,058 
21,567 
22,867 
6,613 



12,217 
51,047 



3,825 
12,328 
673 
3,007 
7,089 
3,540 

237 
2,469 

12,492 
2,160 
9,168 

41,960 

27,900 
72,552 
19,707 
2,245 
71,136 
1,897 
2,254 
13,569 



Number of persons arrested 



Under 16 Under 18 Under 21 Under 26 



2,964 
2,240 



16, 066 
13, 608 
4,673 



3,199 
33,237 



161 


876 


160 


367 


36 


371 


9 


137 


2 


61 


96 


711 


2,012 


4,409 


66 


320 


1 


9 


76 


361 


190 


2,360 


2 


14 


11 


93 


6 


432 


602 


8,997 


131 


2,366 


427 


2,620 


17 


186 


3,167 


13, 160 


148 


740 


423 


2,264 


3,827 


13, 669 



1,462 
6,710 



21, 631 

8,166 

6,966 

688 

26, 616 
1,146 
2,264 

13, 669 



296 
846 
1,296 
3,273 
18, 090 
16, 994 
6,468 



6,740 
40,642 



1,868 
3,607 



1,995 
6,307 



1,237 
10, 961 



23,898 

17,263 

9,767 

926 

39, 679 
1,406 
2,264 

13, 669 



Under 16 Under 18 Under 21 Under 26 



14.9 
14.8 
7.0 
44.7 
36.2 
47.6 



23.6 
62.2 



14.6 
18.9 



12.8 
8.3 
18.6 
39.0 
100.0 
100.0 



18.1 
19.6 
41.2 
42.2 
20.9 



21.1 
62.7 
28.3 
9.8 
17.4 
48.6 
80.6 
23.9 

16.6 
31.1 
69.3 



77.2 
11.3 



26.2 
37.3 



100.0 
100.0 



36.2 
46.1 
64.9 
67.2 
40.6 



47.0 

79.4 



39. S 
78.6 
48.6 
28.4 
34.8 
66.3 
89.0 
43.4 

48.6 
60.1 

87.7 



21.0 

86.7 
23.8 
49.6 
41.2 
66.8 
74.1 
100.0 
100.0 



I Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
3 Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 
' Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 



154 



Table 47. — Rural Arrests, Distribution by Sex, 1970 

[1,131 agencies; 1970 population 19,366,000] 



Offense cliarged 



TOTAL 

Criminal homicide: 

(fl) Murder and nonnegligent manslaugliter. , . 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence _. 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault .__ 

Burglary^breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Auto theft 

Violent crime ^ _,- _ 

Property crime 3.. _ 

Subtotal for above offenses.. 

Other assaults 

Arson. 

Forgery and counterfeiting. 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen properly; buying, receiving, possessing 

Vandalism.. 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness _._ 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curiew and loitering law violations 

Runaways... 



Number of persons arrested 



927 
656 
1.304 
1,928 
8,058 
21,567 
22,867 
6,613 



12,217 
51,047 



3,825 
12,328 



7,089 
3,540 

237 
2,469 

12,492 
2,160 
9,168 

41,960 

27,900 
72,552 
19,707 
2,245 
71,136 
1,897 
2,254 
13,569 



Male Female 



791 
608 
1,304 
1.840 
7,663 
20,626 
20, 766 
6,264 



11,488 
47,634 



3,132 
0,718 
680 
2,780 
6,726 
3,362 

81 
2,268 

10, 779 
2,011 
8,777 

40,233 

24,637 
68, 616 
17,909 
2,069 
63,164 
1,678 
1,688 
8,278 



1,042 
2,112 



3,263 
4,036 
1,798 



Percent of total > 



85.3 
92.7 
100.0 
96.4 
93.7 
96.2 
90.8 
94.6 



94.0 
93.1 



92.2 
94.6 
81.9 
78.8 
86.2 
92.6 
94.9 
96.0 

34.2 
91.6 



96.7 
96.9 



94 4 
90.9 
92.2 



70.6 
61.0 



18.1 
21.2 
13.8 



66.8 
8.6 

ia7 



11.2 
11.6 
29.6 
39.0 



I Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

' Violent crime Is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 

' Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 

> Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 



155 



Table 48. — Rural Arrests by Race, 1970 

(1,107 agencies; 1970 population 18,998,000] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL- 



Crlmlnal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent man- 
slaughter. 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape. -. 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

B urglary — breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft - --. 



Violent crime'. . 
Property crime " 



Subtotal for above oflenses. 



Other assaults 

Arson. _ 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, pos- 
sessing. _ 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 



Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex oflenses (except forcible rape and pros- 
titution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling.. 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness. 

Disorderly conduct. 

Vagrancy 

All other oflenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Runaways 

See footnotes at end of table. 



911 

647 
1,279 
1,896 
7,770 
21,184 
22,353 
6,422 



11,866 
49.959 



3,739 
12,141 



2,920 
6,928 
3,482 

238 

2,386 
12, 164 
2,157 
9,022 
39, 169 

25,788 
71, 108 
19, 169 
2,203 
69,677 
1,790 
2,265 
13,358 



323,370 34,329 14,374 



605 
623 
1,049 
1,376 
6,970 
18, 806 
19, 377 
5,622 



9,000 
43.704 



3,208 
10, 999 



2,619 
6,627 
2,655 



2,166 
11,491 
1,882 
7,822 
32, 621 

24, 146 
68,834 
15,609 
1,953 
60,000 
1,647 
2,109 
12, 378 



1,636 
2,344 



2,407 
4,675 



1,036 
3,181 



6,448 
2,731 



Percent distribution 



82.0 
72.6 



75.9 
87.5 



28.6 
13.6 



23.8 
19.3 



90.6 
92.2 



94.2 
76.2 



94.6 
87.3 



92.0 
93.1 
92.7 



16.6 
8.9 

11.7 
8.6 
6.9 

11.0 
3.1 
21.4 

39.1 

7.3 
4.4 
12.2 
11.6 
8.1 

2.8 
7.7 

14.2 
6.6 

10.7 
5.0 
2.0 
3.0 


2.4 
2.3 
2. 1 
.8 
.6 

1.7 
2.1 
1.2 








.1 








.2 














1.3 
.6 






0.1 


.1 
.1 


1.6 
3.7 

2.7 
8.9 
4.1 
5.0 
2.4 
2.7 
3.5 
3.7 




■' 




' 




.1 










.3 







136 



Table 48. — Rural Arresii by Race, 1970 — Continued 



Offense charged 



TOTAL - 

Criininal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent man- 

slaughter 

(b) Manslaughter by negligence. _ 

Forcible rape. 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault. 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft. 

Auto theft... 

Violent crime > 

Property crime ^ 

Subtotal for above offenses 

Other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

Vandalism... 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and pros- 
titution) .. 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambhng 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness.. 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

AU other offenses {except traffic). 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Runaways 

See footnotes at end of table. 



8,244 
6.947 
2,824 



1,002 
18,015 



Arrests under 18 ' 



7,337 
6,119 
2,473 



805 


616 


311 


276 


343 


294 


124 


107 




48 
631 


597 


3,811 


3,692 


278 


230 


9 


9 


323 


291 


2,068 


2,003 


12 


9 


75 


70 


368 


33S 


6,992 


6,692 


2,178 


1,728 


2,316 


1,930 


176 


168 


12,102 


10, 748 


660 


610 


2,154 


2,010 


12,233 


11,316 



Percent distribution 



76.8 
88.6 
77.9 
74.3 
76.2 
89.0 



20.3 
23.1 
17.2 



86.7 
86.3 
98.0 



90.1 
96.9 
76.0 
93.3 
91.0 

96.7 
79.3 
83.3 
96. S 
88.8 
92.4 
93.3 
92.6 



11.4 
11.3 



157 





Table 


48. — Rural Arrests by Race, 


1970 — Continued 














Arrests 18 and over' 




Percent distribution 


Offense charged 


Total 


White 


Negro Indian ' 


Chinese Japa- 1 
1 nese 1 


All 
others 


White 


Negro 


Indian Chinese Japa- 1 
1 nese 1 


All 
others 




278,693 


236,360 


29.384 11.325 


lis 53 


1,453 


84.8 


lO.B 


4.1 




0.5 










Criminal homicide: 

(o) Murder and nonnegligent man- 


828 
570 
986 
1.539 
6,825 
10,682 
13,400 
3,160 


547 
466 
811 
1,118 
5,204 
9.320 
11,385 
2,668 


241 
84 
153 
363 

1,376 

1,086 

1,676 

333 


21 
14 
16 

62 
197 
271 
286 
136 






19 
5 
6 
6 

45 
33 
62 
23 


66.1 
81.8 
82.3 
72.6 
76.2 
87.2 
85.0 
84.4 


29.1 
14.7 
15.6 
23.6 
20.1 
9.9 
12.5 
10.5 


2.6 
2.5 
1.6 
3.4 
2.9 
2.6 
2.1 
4.3 






2.3 


(6) Manslaughter by negligence 




1 
1 




0.2 
.1 


.9 
.6 




.4 




1 


4 

2 
2 




.1 


.7 




.3 








.4 








.7 








. 








10,178 
27,242 


7,680 
23, 373 


2,132 
3.064 


286 
692 


1 


5 
4 


76 
108 


76.5 
86.8 


20.9 
11.2 


2.8 
2.6 






.7 








.4 










37,990 


31, 519 


6,280 


991 


1 


10 


189 


83.0 


13.9 


2.6 




.6 










11,129 

422 

3,105 

11,742 
541 

2,020 
2,309 
2,766 

216 

1,905 
8,962 
2,092 
7,916 
35,346 

12,983 
65,421 
15,841 

1,975 
52.882 

1.130 


8,860 

369 

2.639 

10,648 

495 

1,737 
2,162 
2,100 

126 

1,729 
8.441 
1,852 
6,783 
30,635 

11,840 
54.023 
12, 639 

1,741 
44,986 

1,037 


1.943 
46 
386 

989 
42 

230 
112 
606 

83 

136 
428 
229 
991 
3,146 

650 
6,177 
2,453 

116 

6,274 

68 


266 
7 
74 
88 
3 

45 
24 
35 




2 


69 


79.6 
87.4 
86.0 
90.7 
91.5 

86.0 
93.6 
75.9 

68.3 

90.8 
94.2 
88.6 
86.7 
86.7 

91.2 
82.6 
79.8 
88.2 
86.1 
91.8 


17.5 
10.9 
12.4 

8.4 
7.8 

11.4 

4.9 
21.9 

38.4 

7.1 
4.8 
10.9 
12.5 
8.9 

6.0 

7.9 
16.6 

6.9 
11.9 

6.0 


2.3 

1.7 
2.4 
.7 
.6 

2.2 
1.0 
1.3 






.6 










(i tp f iti 


1 

1 


1 
1 
1 


4 
16 

8 
11 
24 

7 

12 
42 
7 
12 
130 

91 
363 
97 
12 
368 
2 






.1 


orgery g 






.1 






.2 




Stolen property; buying, receiving, pos- 


.4 












.6 




1 








.9 


Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 






3.2 


29 
37 

130 
1,403 

391 

6,825 
641 
102 

1,222 
23 






1.5 
.4 






.6 




7 
1 


7 
3 


.1 


.1 
.1 


.6 




.3 


Offenses against family and children 


1.6 
4.0 

3.0 
8.9 
4.0 
6.2 
2.3 
2.0 




.2 


28 

10 
41 
9 
3 
16 


4 

1 
2 
2 
1 
18 


.1 

.1 
.1 
.1 

.2 


.1 


.4 




.7 




.5 




.6 




.6 




.7 


A ^ P 






.2 


^ "Vi -V • It-* 





































































I Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
! Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 
' Data used only when adult and juvenile race furnished. 



158 



Table 49. — Suburban and Rural Arrest Trends ' by Sex, 1969-70 



Offense charged 



TOTAL.. 



Criminal lioraicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegUgent 
manslaughter 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence- 
Forcible rape.- 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary — breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Auto theft 



Violent crime '. . 
Property crime ' 



Subtotal for above offenses. 



Other assaults.- 

Arson 

Forgery and coimterfeitlng 

Fraud- 

Embezzlement _ 

Stolen property: buying, receiving, 

possessing 

Vandalism - -.. 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. 



Prostitution and commercialized 
vice.- - 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape 
and prostitution)- 

Narcotic drug laws.. 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and chil- 
dren 

Driving under the influence 



Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) . . , 
Suspicion (not included in totals).. 
Curfew and loitering law violations 
Runaways 



1,67S suburban agencies; 1970 population 39,775,000 



1,197 
606 
2,627 
8,595 
17,796 
54,049 
82,227 
22,213 



30,215 
158,489 



189,310 



44,543 
1,921 
5,453 

11,152 



8,234 
27,688 
11,837 



8,392 
40,729 
3,655 

11,999 
72,089 

46,498 
149,080 
86,930 
7,533 
139,803 
11,841 
19,088 
23,799 



1,281 
542 
2,689 
9,776 
19, 677 
56,968 
91, 736 
22,315 



33,423 
171, 019 



204,984 



46, 718 
2,029 
6,406 

12, 469 
935 

10,444 
27,168 
13, 602 



8,529 
63,975 
3,955 

11,423 

82,784 

45, 597 
145, 934 
87, 817 
6,091 
150,^93 
10,829 
20, 094 
26, 312 



+7.0 
-10.6 

+2.4 
+ 13,7 
+ 10.6 

+5.4 

+ 11.6 

+.5 



+10.6 
+7.9 



+8.3 



+4.9 
+5.6 
+17.5 
+ 11.8 
-28.0 

+26.8 



+1.6 
+57.1 
+8.2 



-19.1 

+7.7 



+5.3 
+ 10.6 



1,907 
2,492 
30,047 
1,294 



1,687 
4,265 



1,022 
7,880 



6,411 
14,400 

12, 516 
784 

24,733 
1,694 
5,870 

22,062 



648 
2,348 
2,824 
35,047 
1,312 



3,142 
39,183 



2,013 
5,014 



6,482 

6,732 
14, 733 
13, 818 

1,178 
28,917 

1,821 

6,224 
25,498 



+15.5 
+33.9 



+12.1 
+23.1 
+13.3 
+16.6 
+1.4 



+20.4 
+15.8 



+19.3 
+17.6 
-11.6 

+40.0 
+7.8 
+23.8 



+49.4 
-8.7 



+23.8 

+6.0 
+2.3 
+10.4 
+50.3 
+16.9 
+7.5 
+6.0 
+15.6 



872 rural agencies; 1970 population 15,753,000 



518 
834 
1,231 
4,519 
13,967 
13, 617 
4,581 



7,057 
32,065 



1,877 
5,490 



1,362 
4,488 
1,983 



1,650 
3,769 
1,942 



24,361 

18,630 
36, 742 
11,276 
1,688 
44,542 
1,208 
1,102 
5,196 



16, 219 
15, 862 



7,785 
35,850 



2,078 
6,152 



1,953 

5.287 
2,297 



1,730 
8,019 
1,801 

6,318 
29,247 

19,934 
43,464 
11, 677 
1,672 
50,861 
1,264 
1,223 
6,363 



+20.1 

-5.0 
+12.4 

+5.6 
+10,2 

+9.0 
+17.3 

+4.1 



+10.3 
+11.8 



+11.3 



+7.4 
+13.1 
+10.7 
+12.1 
+52.3 

+44.6 
+17.8 
+16.8 



+4.8 
+113.3 



+4.6 
+20.1 

+7.6 
+18.3 

+3.6 

-6.9 
+14.2 

+4.6 
+11.0 
+22.3 



1969 1970 Percent 



2,495 
2,921 
1,082 



2,764 
2,988 
1,124 



+30.8 
-14.9 



-2.9 
+23.6 
+56.7 
+11.3 
-.4 



+20.8 
+20.3 



+19.8 



+20.7 
+6.4 
+38.0 
+24.9 
+56.0 

+89.5 
+2.2 
+13.4 



+100.2 

+24.8 

+12.9 
+8.9 

+10.4 
+2.3 
+3.9 
-23.8 
+21.0 
+6.7 
+41.2 
+34.3 



' In suburban agencies male arrests under 18 increased 6.1 percent and female arrests under 18 increased 15.2 percent. In rural agencies male arrests under 
18 increased 14.3 percent and female arrests under 18 increased 22.2 percent. 

2 Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
' Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



159 



'olice 



EmpI 



oyee 



Data 



This section contains tables relating to police 
personnel. Figures showing police strength by 
number of full-time police officers and civilian em- 
ployees are based on national averages. These 
figures should not be interpreted as indicating 
recommended or desirable police strength. Ade- 
quate police requirements for a specific place can 
only be determined following careful study and 
analysis of the local situation together with a 
thorough evaluation of the numerous factors which 
affect local police needs. 

Two tables containing police employee rates are 
set forth. In the first, total employees including 
civilian personnel are used, whereas in the second 
table only sworn personnel are used to compute 
rates. 

The poUce employee rate ranges in Table 50, 
which include civilians, show the interquartile 
range between the upper limits of the lowest 
quartile and the lower limits of the highest quar- 
tile. In other words, 50 percent of the cities shown 
in each population group and geographic division 
have a police strength within the rate ranges 
shown. By arraying rates in this manner, extremes 
are eliminated. 

In Table 51 where rates are published for poUce 
officers, complete rate ranges are provided as sup- 
plemental data for those who may be interested 
in using these figures to make limited comparisons. 

Another table is presented showing poUce 
strength for all state police and state highway 
patrol organizations. This table is designed to 



show, by state, the number of miles of state and 
Federal highway per sworn employee, as weU as 
the number of registered vehicles per officer. These 
rates are only a rough yardstick as to comparative 
workload and personnel strength because of widely 
differing functions and other factors. The wide 
variations in sworn and civilian personnel among 
the various states can be accounted for in part 
by the differences in responsibilities assigned to 
the departments. It is pointed out, for instance, 
that state poUce generally are responsible not 
only for traffic patrol, but also conduct a major 
portion of the criminal investigative work in the 
unincorporated areas of the states. On the other 
hand, the activities of the state highway patrol 
organizations for the most part are limited to 
traffic and highway patrol, which includes han- 
dling aU types of crime which come to their 
attention during the performance of their patrol 
functions. Many of these state highway patrol 
groups also are authorized to and do participate 
in criminal investigative work when requested to 
do so by local departments or sheriffs' offices. 

The annual collection of police employee data 
provides figures for police killed and assaulted. 
Collection of these data is supplemented with 
respect to police killed in the line of duty through 
the use of a special questionnaire, by means of 
which additional details on this important subject 
are accumulated. Data relative to police killed 
and assaulted are also presented in the Summary 
Section of this publication. 



161 



Table 50. — Full-Time Police Department Employees,^ December 31, 1970, Number and Rate per 1,000 Inhabitants, by Geographic 

Divisions and Population Groups 

(1970 population] 



Geographic division 



TOTAL: 4.068 cities; population 114,751.000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1.000 inhabitants. 
Interquartile range 



New England: 338 cities; population 8,933.000: 

Number of police employees _ 

Average number of employees per 1 ,000 inhabitants. 

Interquartile range_ _ _ 

Middle Atlantic: 939 cities; population 26.686,000: 

Number of police employees, _,_ 

Average number of employees per 1 ,000 inhabitants . 

Interquartile range _ _ _ 

East North Central: 901 cities; population 23.914.000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1.000 inhabitants. 

Interquartile range 

West North Central: 409 cities; population 8.712,000: 

Number of police employees- 

Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants. 

Interquartile range. 

South Atlantic: 348 cities; population 10,700,000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1 ,000 inhabitants . 

Interquartile range 

East South Central: 258 cities; population 6,038.000: 

Number of police employees 

Average numt>er of employees per 1.000 inhabitants. 

Interquartile range 

West South Central: 280 cities; population 10,754,000: 

Number of police employees... 

Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants. 

Interquartile range. .- 

Mountain : 183 cities; population 4,814,000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants. 

Interquartile range.. 

Pacific: 412 cities; population 16.200,000: 

Number of police employees. 

Average number of employees per 1,000 Inhabitants. 

Interquartile range. 



TOTAL 

(4.068 

cities; 

population 

114.751.000) 



269, 127 

2.3 

1. 2-1, 9 



19.369 

2.2 

1.3-2.0 

76,371 

3.0 

1.1-2.2 

56,212 

2.4 

1.3-2.0 

16, 189 

1.9 

1.3-1.9 

27,591 

2.6 

1. 9-2. 7 

9.812 

1.9 

1.5-2.3 

18, 966 

1.8 

1.3-1.9 

9,211 

1.9 

1.5-2.4 

35.406 

2.2 

1.6-2.4 



Population group 



Group I 

(65 

cities over 

260,000; 

population 

41,275,000) 



136.397 

3.3 

l.S-2.6 



3,099 
4.8 
(') 

50,184 

4.3 

3.0-4.4 

31,095 

3.6 

1. 8-3. 3 

6,746 

2.7 

1.8-3.6 

10,077 

3.8 

2. 1-2. 7 

3,371 

19 

1. 6-2. 1 

9,831 

2.0 

1.6-1.9 

3,027 

2.2 

1. 9-2. 4 

18,967 

2.8 

1.9-3.0 



Group II 

(94 cities, 

100,000 to 

260,000; 

population 

13,470,000) 



1.4-2.1 



3,940 

2.8 

2. 7-3. 3 

3,433 

2.6 

2. 1-3. 2 

4,387 

1.9 

1. 8-2. 2 

1,821 

1.7 

1. 4-1. 7 

5,699 

2.0 

1. 6-2. 3 

2,124 

2.1 

1. 9-2. 4 

2,032 

1.9 

1.6-2.3 

1,493 

2.2 

1. 8-3. 6 

3,204 

1.7 

1. 6-2. 1 



Group III 
(242 cities, 
60,000 to 
100,000; 
population 
16,742,000) 



1.2-LS 



4,737 

2.0 

1. 7-2. 3 

6,363 

1.9 

1. 4-2. 3 

6,313 

1.6 

1.3-1.8 

1,272 

1.4 

1. 3-1. 6 

3,408 

2.4 

1.9-Z7 

431 

1.9 

1. 9-2. 1 

2,491 

1.6 

1. 2-1. 7 

1,381 

1.5 

1. 2-1. 6 

5,183 

1.7 

1. 4-1. 8 



Group IV 
(471 cities, 
26,000 to 
50,000; 
population 
16,254,000) 



1. 2-1. 8 



Group V 

(1,027 cities, 

10,000 to 

26,000; 

population 

16,194,000) 



3,471 

1.8 

1. 6-2. 

6,994 

1.9 

1. 4-2. 3 

6,629 

1.6 

1.2-1.8 

2,063 

1.3 

1. 1-1. 6 

3,016 

2,1 

1. 9-2. 4 

1,470 

2.0 

1. 8-2. 3 

1,635 

1.4 

1. 3-1. 7 

1,217 

1.6 

1.4-1.9 

3,353 

1.7 

1. 4-1. 8 



1.2-1.8 



3,009 

1.6 

1.4-1.8 

6,798 

1.7 

1. 3-2. 

5,609 

1.6 

1.3-1.8 

2,232 

1.6 

1.3-1.8 

3,092 

2.2 

1. 9-2. 6 

1,046 

1.6 

1. 4-2. 

1,791 

1.6 

1. 3-1. 7 

1,027 

1.7 

1. 6-2. 1 

2,839 
1.8 



Group VI 

(2,179 cities, 

under 10,000; 

population 

10,816,000) 



19,939 

1.8 

1.1-2.0 



1.113 
1.5 

1.1-1.9 

4,609 

1.7 

1. 0-2. 2 

4,279 

1.8 

l.J-2.1 

2,055 

1.7 

1. 3-2. 

2,300 

2.4 

1. 9-2. 9 

1,371 

1.9 

1. 6-2. 3 

1,286 

1.7 

1. 3-2. 2 

1,066 

2.1 

1. 6-2. 6 



2.2 



Suburban Police and County Sheriff Departments 



Suburban: ' 2.076 agencies; population 48,291.000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants. 
Interquartile range 



Sheriffs : 1.252 agencies; population 37.178,000: 

Number of police employees 49,484 

Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants 1.3 

Interquartile range 0.3-1. 



> Includes civilians. 

» Only one city this size in geographic division. 

> Includes suburban city and county police agencies within metropolitan areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban cities are also included in other city groups. 
Population figures rounded to the nearest thousand. All rates were calculated on the population before rounding. 



162 



Table 51. — Full-Time Police Deparfment Officers, December 31, 1970, Number and Rate per 1,000 Inhabitants, by Geographic 

Divisions and Population Groups 

[1970 population] 



Geographic division 



ToUl: 4,068 cities; population 114,751,000: 

Number of police oflicers 

Average number of officers per 1,000 inhabitants... 
Rate range .. 



New England: 338 cities; population 8,933,000: 

Number of police officere 

Average number of officers per 1,000 inhabitants. . 

Rate range 

Middle Atlantic: 939 cities; population 25,686,000: 

Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per 1,000 inhabitants. . 

Rate range 

East North Central: 901 cities; population 23,914,000: 

Number of police officers ._ 

Average number of officers per 1,000 inhabitants. 

Rate range 

West North Central: 409 cities; popuhitioil 8,712,000: 

Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per 1,000 inhabitants. 

Rate range. , 

South Atlantic: 348 cities; population 10,700,000: 

Number of police officers _ 

Average number of officers per 1,000 inhabitants. 

Rate range 

East South Central: 258 cities; popuktion 5.038,000: 

Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per 1,000 inhabitants. 

Rate range 

West South Central: 280 cities: popubtion 10,754,000: 

Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per 1,000 inhabitants. 

Rate range. . 

Mountain: 183 cities; population 4,814,000: 

Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per 1,000 inhabitants. 

Rate range.. _. 

Pacific: 412 cities; population 16,200,000: 

Number of police officers _ 

Average number of officers per 1,000 inhabitants. 

Rate range 



TOTAL 

(4,068 

cities; 

population 

114,751,000) 



233,562 

2.0 

0. 1-7. 5 



17,878 

2.0 

0.2-4.5 

69,671 

2.7 

0.1-7.4 

48,734 

2.0 

0.1-6.5 

13,512 
1.6 

0.6^.4 

23,590 

2.2 

0.4-7.4 

8,333 

1.7 

0.3-4.7 

16,069 

l.S 

0.5-2.8 

7,524 

1.6 

0.6-5.0 

28,251 

1.7 

0.4-7.5 



Population group 



Group I 
(55 cities 

over 

250,000; 

population 

41,275,000) 



1. 2-«. 7 



2,798 
4.4 

(') 

45,629 

3.9 

2.3-4.0 

26,799 

3.1 

1.5-3.8 

5,340 

2.1 

1. 2-3. 6 

8,495 

3.2 

L4-6.7 

2,840 

1.6 

1.3-1.8 

8,181 

1.6 

1. 2-2. 4 

2,447 

1.8 

1.3-2.3 

14,796 

2.1 

1.2-2.8 



Group n 
(94 cities, 
100,000 to 

260,000; 
population 
13,470,000) 



0.8-3.3 



3,547 

2.6 
2. 0-3. 

3,024 

2.3 

1. 4-3. 3 

3,834 

1.7 

.8-2.2 

1,480 

1.4 

1.0-1.7 

4.770 

1.7 

1. 0-2. 4 

1,682 

1.7 

1. 2-2. 1 

1,756 

1.6 

1. 3-2. 3 

1,184 

1.7 

1. 4-3. 

2,602 
1.4 



Group III 
(242 cities, 
50,000 to 
100,000; 
population 
16,742,000) 



0. 1-3. 9 



4,358 

1.9 

1. 4-2. 6 

4,853 

1.7 

. 7-3. 9 

4,603 

1.4 

. 1-1. 9 

1,134 

1.2 

.7-1.8 

2.927 

2.1 

1. 4-3. 4 

378 

1.7 

1. 4-1. 9 

2,137 

1.3 

.9-2.2 

1,149 
1.3 

.8-2.7 

4,104 

1.3 

.8-2.1 



Group IV 
(471 cities, 
25,000 to 
50,000; 
population 
16,254,000) 



0.3-4.7 



3,265 

1.7 

.9-2.8 

6,544 

1.8 

.6-4.7 

5,019 

1.4 

.3-3.1 

1,832 

1.2 

. 7-1. 6 

2,620 

1.9 

.9-2.8 

1,285 

1.8 

1. 4-2. 4 

1,364 

1.3 

. 7-1. 9 

996 

1.3 

.6-2.0 

2,771 

1.4 

.8-3.6 



Group V 

(1,027 cities, 

10,000 to 

25,000; 

population 

16,194,000) 



2,870 

1.6 

.2-2.6 

6,391 

1.6 

.1-4.9 

4,828 

1.4 

.3-3.3 

1,982 

1.4 

.6-3.3 

2,762 

1.9 

.9-3.3 

963 

1.6 

.8-2.3 

1,663 

1.3 

.6-2.8 

864 

1.5 

. 7-2. 4 

2,377 

1.5 

.5-3.6 



Group VI 
(2,179 cities 
under 10,000; 
population 
10,816,000) 



1,040 

1.4 

.3-4.5 

4,230 

1.6 

.1-7.4 

3,651 

1.5 

.1-«.S 

1,744 

1.4 

.6-6.4 

2,016 

2.1 

.4-7.4 

1,195 

1.7 

.»-4.7 

1,088 

1.4 

.6-2.7 

884 

1.7 

.7-5.0 

1,601 

1.9 

.4-7.5 



Suburban Police and County Sheriff Departments 



Suburban: ' 2,076 agencies; population 48,291.000: 

Number of police officers. , 

Average number of officers per 1,000 inhabitants.. 



Rate range _ 0. 1-7.4 



SherilTs: 1,252 agencies; papulation 37,178,000: 

Number of officers 

Average number of officers per 1,000 inhabitants.. 



1 Only one city this size in geographic division. 

? Includes suburban city and county police agencies within metropolitan areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban cities are also included in other city groups. 
Population figures rounded to the nearest thousand. All rates were calculated on the population before rounding. 



163 



Table 52. — Civilian Police Department Employees, 


December 37 


, 7970, Percentage of Total by Population Groups 




Population group 


Percentage 

civilian 
employees 


Population group 


Percentage 

civilian 
employees 


TOTAL. ALL CITIES . . 


13.2 


Group III (50 000-100,000) 










Group I (Over 250,000) 


14.0 
12.8 
15.2 
16.7 
15.1 






(Over 1,000,000) 


Group VI (Under 10,000) 




(600,000-1,000,000) 






(250,000-500,000) . . . 


Sherifis 




GroupII (100,000-250,000) 











Table 53. — Number of Police Officers Killed,' 1970, by Geographic Division and Population Groups 





ToUl 






Population group 






Geographic division 


Group I 


Group II 


Group III Group IV 


Group V 


Group VI 


County, 

State 




Over 
250,000 


100,000 

to 
250,000 


50,000 

to 
100,000 


26,000 

to 
60,000 


10,000 

to 
26,000 


Under 
10,000 


police, 

and 

highway 

patrol 


TOTAL 


146 


69 


10 


7 


6 


9 


7 










2 
29 
38 

6 
23 

6 
15 

4 
24 


1 

17 
17 
2 
5 
1 
5 
2 
9 


1 












Middle Atlantic 


2 

1 


2 


2 
3 




6 




2 


5 


10 


West North Central 


1 


3 




3 


2 


2 

1 
1 




11 


East South Central 


1 
1 
1 




2 




3 




2 


3 






1 




1 


2 






12 













> 100 killed by felons; 46 killed In accidents. 

Table 54. — Assaults on Police Officers, 1970 by Geographic Divisions and Population Groups 

[6,185 agencies; 1!170 population 130,713,000] 



TOTAL 

New England , 

Middle Atlantic ._, 
East North Central- 
West North Central 

-South Atlantic 

East South Central- 
West South Central. 

Mountain 

Pacific-- 



Rate I Assaults 
per 100 with 
police I injury 



18.7 15,166 



Rate 
per 100 

police 
officers 



2,466 


16.3 


984 


9,654 


13.3 


4,334 


11,584 


26.9 


3,477 


2,263 


15.9 


741 


5,942 


20.7 


1,967 


1,386 


19.6 


312 


3,065 


19.7 


898 


1,721 


18.8 


605 


5,090 


20.6 


1,847 



Population group 



TOTAL-- 

Group I (over 250,000) 

Group II (100,000 to 250,000) 
Group III (50,000 to 100,000) 
Group IV (25,000 to 60,000)- 
Group V (10,000 to 25,000) . 
Group VI (under 10,000) - - - 

Suburban agencies * 

Sheriffs 



Rate ' Assaults I Rate 

per 100 with i per 100 

police injury | pohce 
officers 



20.143 


21.3 


7,188 


5,0«4 


29.0 


1,778 


4,337 


19.2 


1,444 


3,880 


16.9 


1,318 


3,850 


16.9 


1,296 


3.078 


17.2 


1,044 


8.024 


13.4 


2,987 


2,879 


9.2 


1,100 



■ Includes suburban city and county police agencies within metropolitan areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban cities are also Included In other city groups. 



164 



Table 55.- 



-Assaults on Police Officers, 1970, Percent Distribution ofWeapons Used 

[5,091 agencies; 1970 population 123,525,000] 



Population group 


Total 
assaalta 


Fire- 
arms 


Knife or 
cutting 
instru- 
ment 


other 
dan- 
gerous 
weajwn 


Hands, 

fists, 
feet, etc. 


Geographic division 


Total 
aasanlts 


Fire- 
arms 


Knife or 
cutting 
instru- 
ment 


other 
dan- 
gerous 
weapon 


Hands, 

fists, 
feet, etc. 


TOTAL ALL 
AGENCIES 


38,467 
100.0 


2,240 
5.8 


1,094 
2.8 


a 962 
10.3 


31, 171 
81.0 


TOTAL 


38,467 
lOO.O 


2,240 
5.8 


1,094 
2.8 


a 962 
10.3 


31,171 
81.0 


Oroupl (over 250,000) 


17,252 
10,640 
3.357 
3.255 
4.126 
4,047 
3,715 
3,805 
2,978 
7,648 
2.544 


7.2 
6.2 
12.2 
6.6 
4.7 
4.0 
3.3 
4.3 
4.6 
6.0 
8.3 


2.9 

ai 
a4 

1.9 
2.3 
2.6 
2.2 
2.9 

ai 
ai 

4.2 


12.1 
11.1 
18.3 
9.2 
11.3 
9.7 
6.3 
5.9 
10.4 
8.9 
9.6 


77.7 
79.7 
66.1 
8a3 
81.7 
83.6 
88.2 
86.9 
82.0 

8ao 

78.0 


2,306 
7,034 
11,179 
2,237 
5,730 
1,155 
3.044 
1,520 
4,262 


a 6 
4.0 
6.3 
10.6 
6.8 
2.9 
6.7 
8.6 
6.7 


2.1 

a3 

2.6 
2.7 
2.8 
2.5 

ai 
ao 
a2 


12.3 
a 6 
ia3 

12.0 
9.9 
2.6 

10.1 
9.6 

14.6 


82.0 




89.1 


(600,000 to 1,000,000) 

(250,000 to 600,000) -- 

Group II (100,000 to 260.000).. 

Group III (60,000 to 100,000).. 

Group IV (25,000 to 60,000)... 

Group V (10,000 to 25,000).... 

Group VI (under 10,000) 




77.9 


West North Central 


74.8 




81.6 




92.0 


West South Centra] 


80.1 
78.8 


Pacific 


76.6 






Sheriffs 









< Includes suburban city and county police agencies within metropolitan areas. Excludes core cities. Suburl>an cities are also included in other city groups. 
Due to rounding percentage may not add to 100.0. 

Table 56. — Full-Time State Police and Highway Patrol Employees, December 31, 1970 



Miles of 
primary 
highway 
per 
police 
officer 



State 
motor 
veUcle 
registra- 
tion per 
police 
officer 



Total 


Police 
oflScers 


Civil- 
ians 


Police 
killed 


Miles of 
primary 
highway 
per 
pohce 
officer 


391 


304 


87 




32.0 


147 


112 


35 




19.1 


197 


160 


37 




12.4 


2,024 


1,658 


466 


1 


1.3 


397 


275 


122 




46.3 


3.861 


a 350 


511 


2 


4.4 


1,186 


934 


262 


1 


14.1 


93 


78 


16 




86.5 


1,912 


1,098 


814 


2 


17.2 


495 


487 


8 


1 


24.6 


738 


638 


100 




7.6 


4,090 


a 605 


586 


1 


4.6 


170 


144 


26 




7.2 


652 


681 


71 


1 


16.5 


163 


128 


35 




66.8 


884 


665 


219 




14.1 


3,948 


2,107 


1,841 


1 


31.6 


332 


325 


7 




16.3 


297 


206 


91 




12.1 


1,275 


916 


359 


2 


10.2 


1,142 


716 


426 




9.6 


536 


378 


158 


1 


ia9 


670 


375 


295 




31.7 


88 


85 


3 




68.7 



Alabama. . 

Alaska 

Arizona. -- 
Arkansas.. 
California. 



Colorado 

Connecticut.. 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Idaho 

lUinois 

Indiana 

Iowa 

Kansas 



Kentucky 

Louisiana... . 

Maine 

Maryland. 

Massachusetts. 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi 

Missouri 

Montana. 



14,284 



1,301 
1,065 



2,276 
1,153 



1,724 
1,140 



16.9 
19.8 



12.6 
23.1 



lai 

24.9 
32.5 



24.9 
20.0 
10.7 
33.2 



1,789 
2.512 
2.182 

3,101 
2,214 
905 
4,429 
3,413 

3,689 
3.138 
3.319 
4.384 

4,876 

2,767 
2,783 
1,691 
1,596 
2,683 

2,692 
4,657 
2,096 
3.295 
2,656 



Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina. 
North Dakota... 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania... 
Rhode Island. . 
South Carolina.. 
South Dakota... 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vennont 

Virginia... 

Washington 

West Virginia. . . 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 



165 



Table 57. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1970, Cities 25,000 and over in Population 



Annlston 

Bessemer 

Birmingham.. 

Dothan 

Florence 

Gadsden 

HuntsviUe 

Mobile 

Montgomery. 
Phenuc City.. 

Selma 

Tuscaloosa 



Anchorage... 

ARIZONA 

Flagstaff 

Glendale 

Mesa 

Phoenix 

Scottsdale 

Tempe 

Tucson.. 

Yuma 

ARKANSAS 

El Dorado 

Fayette vllle 

Fort Smith 

Jonesboro 

Little Rocfc 

North Little Rock... 

Pine Bluff.. 

West Memphis 

CALIFORNIA 

Alameda 

Alhambra. 

Anaheim.. 

Antioch 

Arcadia 

Azusa... 

Bakersfield 

Baldwin Park 

Berkeley 

Beverly Hills 

Buena Park... 

Burbank 

Burlingarae 

Chula Vista 

Compton 

Concord 

Corona 

Costa Mesa 

Covina 

Culver City.. 

Cypress 

Daly City 

Downey 

El Ca)on 

El Cerrlto 

El Monte 

Escondido 



Number of Police 
department employees 



CALIFORNIA— Con. 

Fairfield 

Fountain Valley 

Fremont 

Fullerton 

Qardena 

Garden Grove 

Glendale 

Glendora... 

Hawthorne 

Hayward 

Huntington Beach 

Huntington Park 

Inglewood 

La Habra 

La Mesa 

Livermore. 

Lodi 

Lompoc 

Long Beach 

Los Angeles 

Lynwood 

Manhattan Beach 

Modesto 

Monrovia. 

Montebello.- 

Monterey 

Monterey Park 

Mountain View 

Napa 

National City,. ._ 

Newark 

Newport Beach 

Novate 

Oakland 

Oceanside 

Ontario 

Orange 

Oxnard 

Paclflca. 

Palo Alto _ 

Pasadena 

Pomona.. 

Redlands 

Redondo Beach 

Redwood City 

Rialto 

Richmond 

Riverside.. 

Sacramento 

Salinas 

San Bernardino 

San Bruno 

San Carlos 

San Diego 

San Francisco 

San Gabriel 

San Jose 

San Leandro 

San Luis Obispo 

San Mateo 

San Rafael 

Santa Ana 

Santa Barbara 

Santa Clara 

Santa Cruz.. 

Santa Maria 

Santa Monica 

Santa Rosa 



Number of Police 
department employees 



1,128 
2.343 



CALIFORNIA— Con. 



South Gate 

South San Francisco. 

Stockton.. 

Sunnyvale 

Torrance 

Upland 

Vallejo 

Ventura.. 

Visalia 

Walnut Creek 

West Covina 

Westminster 

Whittier 

COLORADO 

Arvada 

Aurora 

Boulder 

Colorado Springs 

Denver 

Englewood 

Fort Collins 

Greeley 

Lakewood. 

Littleton 

Pueblo 

CONNECTICUT 

Bridgeport 

Bristol 

Danbury. 

East Hartford 

East Haven... 

Enfield 

Fairfield 

Greenwich , 

Hamden 

Hartford 

Manchester 

Meriden 

Middletown — 

Milford... , 

New Britain 

New Haven — 

New London.. 

Norwalk 

Norwich 

Shelton 

Southington. 

Stamford 

Stratford 

Torrington.. 

Trumbull 

Wallingford 

Waterbury 

West Hartford 

West Haven 

Westport 

Wethersfleld 

DELAWARE 

Wilmington.. 



Number of Police 
department employees 



166 



Table 51.— Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1970, Cities 25,000 and over in Population— Con. 



Number of Police 
department employees 



DISTRICT OF 
COLUMBIA 



Washington 

FLORIDA 



Boca Raton 

Clearwater 

Coral Gables 

Daytona Beach 

Fort Lauderdale 

Fort Myers 

Fort Pierce 

Gainesville 

Hialeah 

Hollywood 

Jacksonville 

Key West 

Lakeland 

Melbourne 

Miami.- .._ 

Miami Beach 

North Miamii 

North Miami Beach. 

Orlando .-. 

Panama City 

Pensacola.. 

Pompano Beach 

Saint Petersburg 

Sarasota 

Tallahassee 

Tampa 

Titusville --. 

West Palm Beach 



GEORGIA 



Albany 

Atlanta 

Columbus 

East Point 

Macon 

Marietta 

Rome 

Savannah 

Valdosta 

Warner Robins. 



HAWAII 



Hilo 

Honolulu. 



Idaho Falls. 

Lewiston 

Pocatello 

ILUNOIS 

Alton 

Arlington Heights. 

Aurora 

Belleville 

Berwyn 

Bloomington 

Calumet City 



Number of Police 
department employees 



ILLINOIS— Con. 



Champaign 

Chicago 

Chicago Heights.. 

Cicero __ 

Danville 

Decatur... 

De Kalb. 

Des Plaines 

Downers Grove... 
East Saint Louis.. 

Elgin... 

Elmhurst. 

Elmwood Park ... 

Evanston 

Evergreen Park... 

Freeport 

Galesburg. 

Granite City 

Harvey 

Highland Park. . . 

Jollet. 

Kankakee.. 

Lansing 

Lombard 

Maywood 

Moline 

Morton Grove... 

Mount Prospect. 

Nlles 

Northbrook. J... 

North Chicago... 

Oak Lawn. 

Oak Park 

Park Forest 

Park Ridge 

Pekin _. 

Peoria 

Quincy 

Rantoul 

Rockford.. 

Rock Island 

Skokie 

Springfield 

TJrbana 

Villa Park 

Waukegan 

Wheaton 

Wllmette.. 



INDIANA 



Anderson 

Bloomington 

Columbus 

Elkhart 

Evansville 

Fort Wayne 

Gary 

Hammond 

Indianapolis 

Kokomo 

Lafayette 

Marion 

Michigan City. 

Mishawaka 

Muncie 

New Albany 

Richmond 



South Bend.. 
Terre Haute. 



IOWA 



Ames 

Burlington 

Cedar Falls 

Cedar Rapids.. 

Clinton 

Council Bluffs. 

Davenport 

Des Moines 

Dubuque. 

Iowa City , 

Marshalltown.. 

Mason City 

Ottumwa 

Sioux City 

Waterloo 



Hutchinson 

Kansas City 

Lawrence 

Leavenworth... 

Manhattan 

Overland Park.. 
Prairie Village. . 

Salina 

Topeka.. 

Wichita 



Ashland 

BowUng Green. 

Covington 

Lexington 

Louisville 

Newport 

Owensboro 

Paducah 



LOUISIANA 



Alexandria 

Baton Rouge. 
Bossier City. . 

Houma 

Lafayette 

Lake Charles. 

Monroe 

New Iberia — 
New Orleans.. 
Shreveport 



Bangor... 
Lewiston. 
Portland.. 



MARYLAND 

Annapolis 

Cumberland.. 

Hagerstown... 



Number of Police 
department employees 



Total 


Police 




officers 


254 


226 


113 


103 


44 


36 


46 


34 


37 


34 


159 


131 


48 


44 


87 


79 


133 


122 


348 


293 


79 


74 


46 


39 


33 


30 


SO 


37 


38 


37 


124 


102 


133 


116 


60 


42 


405 


293 


61 


48 


32 


30 


44 


36 


72 


58 


35 


30 


63 


53 


217 


164 


499 


337 


42 


41 


60 


56 


111 


98 


261 


217 


750 


614 



56 
85 


43 

70 


66 


63 


76 


73 


432 


382 


63 


56 


46 


41 


78 


70 


71 


69 


117 


90 


48 


39 


1,845 


1,454 


409 


342 


65 


63 


87 


76 


163 


136 


75 


70 


71 


66 


77 


69 



Table 57. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1970, Cities 25,000 and over in Population — Con. 



City by State 



MASSACHUSETTS 

A rlington 

Attleboro 

Belmont 

Beverly , 

Boston 

Braintree. 

Brocfeton 

Brookline _. 

Cambridge 

Chelmsford 

Chelsea 

Chicopee 

Dan vers 

Dedham 

Everett 

Fall River 

Fit«hburg 

Framingham 

Gloucester 

Haverhill 

Holyoke. _ _ 

Lawrence 

Leominster. 

Lexington 

Lowell 

Lyim 

Maiden 

Marlborough 

Medford 

Melrose 

Methuen 

Milton 

Natlck 

Needham 

New Bedford 

Newton 

Northampton 

Peabody 

Plttsfleld 

Quincy 

Revere 

Salem 

Saugus 

Springfield 

Taunton 

Wakefield 

Waltham 

Watertown 

Wellesley 

Westfleld 

West Springfield 

Weymouth 

Wobum 

Worcester 

MICHIGAN 

Ann Arbor 

Battle Creek 

Bay City 

Birmingham 

Bloomfleld Township.. 

Clinton Township 

Dearborn Heights 

Detroit 

East Detroit 

Femdale 

Flint 



Number of Police 
department employees 


Total 


Police 
ofDcere 


CivU- 

ians 


101 


90 


11 


55 


52 


3 


68 


63 


5 


72 


70 


2 


3,099 


2,798 


301 


69 


65 


4 


180 


171 


9 


161 


161 


10 


266 


262 


13 


as 


37 


1 


76 


72 


3 


106 


103 


3 


36 


34 


1 


63 


62 


1 


121 


118 


3 


269 


233 


26 


79 


73 


6 


103 


100 


3 


69 


66 


3 


82 


76 


6 


113 


no 


3 


162 


146 


7 


40 


38 


2 


64 


47 


7 


198 


184 


14 


191 


183 


8 


118 


117 


1 


40 


38 


2 


137 


131 


6 


66 


64 


2 


42 


41 


1 


67 


66 


1 


67 


64 


3 


47 


46 


1 


273 


262 


21 


226 


208 


18 


44 


44 




78 


74 


4 


89 


81 


8 


211 


194 


17 


110 


104 


6 


90 


84 


6 


33 


32 


1 


364 


328 


26 


72 


70 


2 


48 


46 


2 


118 


114 


4 


94 


89 


5 


42 


40 


2 








60 


69 


1 


94 


93 


1 


66 


61 


4 








182 


142 


40 


81 


66 


16 


87 


81 


6 


61 


40 


11 


60 


48 


2 


43 


36 


7 


81 


76 


6 


6,690 


6,169 


431 


63 


66 


7 


69 


61 


8 


444 


389 


66 



MICHIGAN— Con. 

Garden City... 

Grand Rapids. 

Hamtramck. 

Highland Park 

HoUand 

Inkster 

Jackson 

Kalamazoo 

Lansing 

Lincoln Park. 

Livonia 

Madison Heights 

Midland 

Portage 

Port Huron... 

Redford Township 

Roseville 

Royal Oak 

Saint Clair Shores 

Saginaw 

Saginaw Township 

Southfield 

Taylor 

Wyandotte 

Wyoming 

Ypsilanti 

MINNESOTA 

Austin 

Bloomington 

Brooklyn Center 

Brooklyn Park 

Coon Rapids 

Crystal. 

Duluth 

Edina. 

Fridley... 

Mankato 

Maplewood 

Minneapolis 

Minnetonka 

Moorhead 

Richfield 

Rochester.. 

Roseville 

Saint Cloud... 

Saint Louis Park 

Saint Paul 

South Saint Paul 

Winona 

MISSISSIPPI 

Columbus 

Greenville 

Gulfport 

Hattiesburg 

Jackson 

Meridian 

Pascagoula 

Vicltsburg 

MISSOURI 

Cape Girardeau 

Columbia 

Ferguson 



Number of Police 
department employees 


Total 


Police 
officers 


Civil- 
ians 


43 


38 


6 


388 


330 


58 


60 


58 


2 


131 


111 


20 


44 


39 


6 


69 


52 


7 


103 


91 


12 


174 


143 


31 


274 


237 


37 


70 


65 


6 


136 


116 


19 


46 


42 


4 


43 


39 


4 


38 


31 


7 


62 


62 


10 


74 


62 


12 


74 


70 


4 


117 


97 


20 


97 


91 


6 


186 


172 


14 


13 


12 


1 


119 


102 


17 


65 


67 


8 


65 


69 


6 


53 


63 




60 


49 


1 


41 


37 


4 


80 


73 


7 


33 


27 


6 


22 


20 


2 


32 


30 


2 


28 


27 


1 


165 


135 


30 


48 


43 


6 


27 


22 


6 


41 


41 




27 


26 


1 


868 


791 


77 


26 


25 


1 


27 


26 


1 


46 


43 


3 


102 


95 


7 


38 


37 


1 


52 


49 


3 


53 


49 


4 


532 


469 


63 


33 


32 


1 


38 


36 


2 


50 


42 


8 


111 


95 


16 


80 


68 


12 


68 


53 


16 


341 


271 


70 


98 


83 


16 


66 


48 


7 


46 


43 


2 


44 


40 


4 


73 


66 


8 


50 


46 


4 



MISSOURI— Con. 

Florissant 

Independence 

Jeflerson City 

Joplin. 

Kansas City 

Kirkwood 

Raytown 

Saint Charles 

Saint Joseph 

Saint Louis 

Springfield 

University City 

Webster Groves 

MONTANA 

Billings.- 

Great Falls 

Missoula.. 

NEBRASKA 

Grand Island 

Lincoln. 

Omaha 



NEVADA 

Las Vegas 

North Las Vegas 

Reno 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

Concord 

Manchester 

Nashua 

Portsmouth — 

NEW JERSEY 

Atlantic City. 

Bayonne 

Belleville 

Bergenfield 

Bloomfield 

Bridgewater Township. 

Camden 

Cherry Hill 

Clifton... 

Cranford Township 

Dover Township 

East Brunswick 

Township 

East Orange. 

Edison 

Elizabeth 

Ewing Township 

Fair Lawn 

Fort Lee 

Franklin Township 

Garfield 

Gioucestcr Township... 

Hackciisack 

Hamilton Township 

Hoboken 

Irvington 



Number of Police 
department employees 



168 



Table 51.— Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1970, Cities 25,000 and over in Population— Con. 



NEW JERSEY— Con. 



Jersey City.. — 

Kearny 

Lakewood - 

Linden, __ 

Livingston 

Lodi 

Long Branch-- 

Madison Township 

Middletown Township 

Montclair — 

Neptune Township 

Newark 

New Brunswick 

North Bergen 

Township 

Nutley 

Orange -.- 

Paramus 

Parsippany-Troy HillS- 

Passaic 

Paterson - 

Pennsauken -. 

Perth Amboy - 

Piscataway Township- 

Plainfield --_ 

Rahway 

Ridgewood 

Sayreville 

Teancck Township 

Trenton -. 

Union City- -.- 

Union Township 

Vineland 

Wayne Township 

Westfield --.. 

West New York..- 

West Orange-.- 

Willingboro Township-. 
Woodbridge Township. 



Number of Police 
department employees 



NEW ME ICO 



AlbuquerquB- 

Clovis 

Hobbs 

Las Cruces 

Roswell 

Santa Fe 



Albany 

Amherst -- 

Auburn 

Binghamton... 

Brighton 

Buflalo 

Cheektowaga.- 

Clarkstown 

Colonic Town- 

Elmira 

Freeport -- 

Garden City... 

Glen Cove 

Greece 

Greenburgh 

Hempstead 

Irondequoit 



439-758 O - 71 - 12 



86 


8 


319 


40 


116 


15 


114 


4 


65 


5 


83 


6 


53 


2 


85 




96 


4 


33 


8 


137 


13 


370 


124 


35 


11 


43 


9 


63 


9 


54 


8 


70 


31 


239 


31 


101 


3 


62 


8 


140 


13 


34 


4 


1,430 


221 


103 


4 


78 




47 


2 


108 


1 


70 


4 


60 


6 


50 


5 


47 


3 


100 


5 


75 


1 


46 


1 



NEW YORK— Con. 



Ithaca 

Jamestown 

Kingston 

Lackawanna 

Lockport... 

Long Beach 

Mount Vernon. 

Newburgh.. _ 

New Rochelle -,. 

New York 

Niagara Falls 

North Tonawanda... 

Orangetown _ 

Port Chester 

Poughkeepsie.. 

Poughkeepsie Town. 

RamapoTown 

Rochester 

Rome 

Rotterdam 

Schenectady 

Syracuse 

Tonawanda Town... 

Utica 

Vestal 

W atertown 

West Seneca. 

White Plains 

Yonkers L 



Number of Police 
department employees 



NORTH CAROUNA 



Asheville 

BurUngton 

Charlotte 

Durham 

Fayetteville 

Qastonia 

Goldsboro 

Greensboro 

Greenville 

High Point 

Kannapolis 

Raleigh 

Rocky Mount. - 

Wilmington 

Wilson 

Winston-Salem. 



NORTH DAKOTA 



Bismarck 

Fargo 

Grand Forks.. 
Minot... 





505 




41 




44 


Beavercreek Township. 


8 
37 




210 




1,118 




2,643 


Cleveland Heights 

Columbus..- 


80 
1,039 



OmO— Con. 



Cuyahoga Falls. .. 

Dayton 

Delhi Township.. 
East Cleveland- -- 

Elyria 

Fairbom 

Findlay 

Garfield Heights.. 

Hamilton 

Kettering 

Lakewood.. 

Lancaster 

Lima 

Lorain 

Mans&eld 

Maple Heights.. - 

Marion 

Massillon.. 

Mentor.. 

Middletown. 

North Olmsted. -- 

Norwood--- - 

Parma 

Parma Heights.. . 

Portsmouth 

Sandusky.. 

Shaker Heights. . . 

South Euclid 

Springfield 

Steubenville 

Toledo 

Upper Arlington.. 

Warren 

WhitehaU 

Xenia 

Youngstown 

Zanesville 



OKLAHOMA 



Bartlesville 

Del City 

Enid ;... 

Lawton 

Midwest City.. 

Muskogee 

Norman. 

Oklahoma City. 

Ponca City 

Shawnee 

Stillwater 

Tulsa 



Corvallis... 

Eugene 

Portland 

Salem 

Springfield - 



PENNSYLVANIA 

Abington Township. - 

AUentown. - 

Altoona-- - - 

Baldwin Borough 

Bethel Park- 



Number of Police 
department employees 



169 



Table 57. — Number of Full-Time Police Departmenf Employees, December 31, 1970, Cifies 25,000 and over in Population — Con. 



PENNSYLVANIA— 
Con. 

Bethlehem _. 

Bristol Township 

Cheltenham Township. 

Chester... 

Easton 

Erie 

Haverford Township. . 

Johnstown 

Lancaster 

I^banon 

Lower Merion 
Township... 

Lower Paxton 
Township 

Marple Township 

McKcesport 

MlUcreek Township. . . 

MonroevUle. 

New Castle 

Norrlstown 

North Huntingdon 
Township 

Perm Hills Township.. 

Philadelphia 

Pittsburgh 

Pottstown 

Radnor Township 

Reading 

Ridley Township 

Ross Township 

Scran ton 

Shaler Township 

Springfield Township.. 

State College 

Upper Darby Town- 
ship.. 

Warminster Township. 

West Mifflin 

Wilkes-Barre 

Wllklnsburg 

WUliamsport. 

York 

RHODE ISLAND 

Cranston 

Cumberland 

East Providence 

Mlddletown 

Newport 

North Kingstown 

Pawtucket 

Providence 

Warwick 

Woonsockct 

SOUTH CAROUNA 

Anderson 

Charleston 

Columbia 

Florence 

Greenville 

Rock Hill 

Spartanburg 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

Aberdeen 

Rapid City 



Number o( Police 
department employees 


Total 


Police 
officers 


Civil- 
ians 


138 


125 


13 


66 


60 


6 


64 


61 


3 


156 


127 


29 


60 


65 


6 


234 


2U8 


26 


73 


68 


5 


94 


85 


9 


132 


119 


13 


46 


44 


2 


149 


129 


20 


19 


19 




34 


30 


4 


77 


74 


3 


39 


32 


7 


32 


28 


4 


61 


60 


1 


72 


70 


2 


20 


16 


4 


63 


54 


9 


8,663 


7,780 


883 


1,768 


1,739 


29 


42 


34 


8 


62 


49 


3 


199 


168 


31 


34 


29 


6 


38 


36 


2 


191 


177 


14 


25 


26 




30 


27 


3 


36 


i.i 


3 


175 


144 


31 


38 


33 


6 


31 


29 


2 


98 


95 


3 


43 


36 


7 


71 


69 


2 


108 


103 


5 


116 


105 


11 


28 


27 


1 


88 


82 


6 


27 


27 




94 


85 


9 


32 


29 


3 


166 


146 


21 


498 


422 


76 


167 


149 


18 


96 


91 


6 


67 


60 


7 


183 


146 


37 


226 


204 


22 


52 


45 


7 


154 


144 


10 


81 


62 


19 


102 


88 


14 


36 


36 


1 


73 


67 


6 



SOOTH DAKOTA 

Con. 

Sioux Falls 

TENNESSEE 

Chattanooga 

Clarksvllle 

Jackson 

Johnson City. 

Kingsport 

Knoxville. 

Memphis 

Nashville 

Oak Ridge 

TEXAS 

Abilene 

Amarillo 

Arlington 

Austin.. 

Baytown 

Beaumont 

Brownsville 

Bryan 

Corpus Christ! 

Dallas 

Denton 

El Paso. 

Farmers Branch 

Fort Worth 

Galveston 

Garland 

Grand Prairie. 

Harlingen 

Houston 

Hurst.. 

Irving 

Killeen 

KingsviUe 

Laredo 

Longview. 

Lubbock 

McAllen 

Mesqulte 

Midland. 

Odessa 

Pasadena 

Port Arthur 

Richardson.. 

San Angelo.. 

San Antonio 

Sherman 

Temple 

Teiarkana 

Texas City... 

Tyler 

Victoria 

Waco 

Wichita Falls 

UTAH 

Bountiful 

Ogden 

Orem 

Provo 

Salt Lake City 



Number of Police 


department employees 


Total 


Police 


Civil- 




officers 


ians 


104 


94 


10 


282 


256 


26 


62 


60 


2 


85 


76 


9 


74 


65 


9 


76 


66 


20 


334 


260 


74 


1,272 


1,089 


183 


716 


693 


123 


47 


44 


3 


127 


106 


21 


221 


m2 


39 


117 


103 


14 


429 


326 


103 


74 


59 


15 


188 


175 


13 


86 


67 


18 


43 


39 


4 


307 


262 


46 


2,060 


1,635 


425 


66 


46 


10 


467 


392 


76 


37 


34 


3 


755 


660 


106 


111 


101 


10 


110 


88 


22 


68 


45 


13 


53 


38 


15 


2,063 


1,794 


269 


34 


27 


7 


106 


87 


19 


51 


43 


8 


39 


28 


11 


79 


79 




76 


70 


6 


236 


208 


28 


28 


26 




67 


63 


14 


143 


131 


12 


117 


95 


22 


102 


89 


13 


97 


86 


11 


69 


63 




110 


95 


16 


1.068 


912 


156 


54 


46 




55 


56 




49 


43 




41 


40 


1 


78 


76 


3 


64 


62 


12 


170 


132 


38 


141 


116 


25 


21 


16 


6 


118 


96 


22 


21 


18 


3 


51 


47 


4 


310 


243 


67 



VERMONT 

Burlington 

VIRGINIA 

Alexandria 

Arlington 

Charlottesville 

Chesapeake 

Danville. 

Hampton 

Lynchburg. 

Newport News.. 

Norfolk... 

Petersburg 

Portsmouth 

Richmond 

Roanoke 

Virginia Beach 

WASHINGTON 

Bellevue 

Bellingham 

Bremerton 

Everett 

Longview 

Renton 

Richland 

Seattle 

Spokane. 

Tacoma 

Vancouver 

Yakima 

WEST VIRGINIA 

Charleston 

Fairmont 

Huntington 

Morgantown 

Weirton 

Wheeling 

WISCONSIN 

Appleton 

Beloit.. 

Brookfield 

Eau Claire 

Fond du Lac 

Green Bay 

Janesville 

Kenosha 

La Crosse 

Madison 

Manitowoc 

Menomonee Falls 

Milwaukee 

New Berlin 

Oshkosh 

Racine 

Sheboygan 

Superior 

Waukesha j. 

Wausau 

Wauwatosa. 

West AUis 

WYOMING 

Casper 

Cheyenne 



Number of Police 
department employees 



170 



Table 58. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1970, Cities with Populatioiy under 25,000 



Albert ville... 

Alexander City... 

Athens __ 

Auburn 

Boaz 

Chickasaw 

Evergreen 

Fayette 

Fort Payne 

Graysville 

Greenville__ 

Hartselle 

Homewood 

Hueytown _.. 

Lafayette. 

Leeds 

Midfleld.... 

Mountain Brook. 

Northport__. 

Oneonta 

Oxford 

PeUCity 

Pleasant Orove... 

Saraland 

Sylacauga 

Tallassee 

Thomasville 

Troy... 

Tuscumbia. 

Union Springs 



Fairbanks.. 

Juneau 

Ketchikan.. 

Kodiak 

Petersburg. 
Sitka 



Avondale 

Bisbee 

Casa Grande 

Chandler 

Douglas 

Globe 

Huachuca City.. 

Kingman 

Miami 

Nogales 

Page 

Peoria 

Prescott. 

Saflord 

Sierra Vista 

Tolleson 

WiUcox 

Williams 

Winslow 



ARKANSAS 



Arkadelphia.. 

Batesville 

Benton ville.. 
Blythevillc . 

Brinkley 

Camden 



Total 
police em- 
ployees 



City by State 



ARKANSAS— Con. 

ClarksvlUe 

Hope 

Malvern.. 

Mena 

Monticello 

Morrilton 

Newport. 

Paragould 

Pocahontas 

Rogers 

Russellville 

Springdale 

Texarkana. 

Walnut Ridge 



CAUFORNIA 

Anderson 

Angels Camp... 

Areata 

Arroyo Grande. 

Arvin 

Atherton... 

Atwater 

Auburn 

Banning 

Barstow 

Beaumont. 

BeU 

Belmont 

Benicla 

Bishop 

Blythe 

Brea 

Brisbane 

Broadmoor 

California City 

Calipatria 

Calistoga 

Campbell 

Carlsbad 

Carmel. 

Carpinterla 

Ceres 

Chico 

Chino 

Chowchilla 

Cloverdale 

Coalinga 

Colma 

Colton.- 

Colusa 

Corcoran 

Coming 

Coronado 

Corte Madera 

Crescent City 

DelRey Oaks 

Dinuba 

Dixon 

Dorris 

Dos Palos 

El Segundo 

EmeryvlUe 

Escalon.. 

Etna 

Eureka 

Exeter... 



Total 
police em- 
ployees 



CALIFORNIA— Con. 

Farmersville 

Femdale 

FiUmore — 

Firebaugh 

Folsom 

Fontana 

Fort Bragg 

Fort Jones... 

Fort una 

Foster City 

Gait 

Gilroy.. 

Gonzales... 

Grass Valley 

Gridley.. 

Grover City 

Half Moon Bay 

Hanford 

Healdsburg 

Hemet 

Hermosa Beach — 

Hillsborough. 

HoUister.. 

HoltvUle 

Huron 

Imperial 

Imperial Beach 

Indio 

lone.. 

Irwindale 

Isle ton.. 

Jackson 

Kensington 

Kerman -. 

Klngsburg 

Lafayette 

La Palma 

Larkspur. 

Lcmoore 

Lindsay 

Live Oak 

Livingston 

Los Altos 

Los Banos 

Los Gatos 

Madera. 

Marysville 

Maywood 

McFarland... 

Mendota 

Merced 

Millbrae 

MillValley 

Montague 

Montclair 

Morro Bay... — 

Nevada City 

Newman 

Orange Cove 

Orland 

Oroville 

Pacific Grove. 

Palm Springs... 

Palos Verdes Estates 

Parlier 

Petaluma 

Piedmont 

Pinole 

Pismo Beach 



Total 
police em- 
ployees 



CAUFOKNIA— Con. 

Pittsburg 

Placentia 

Pleasant Hill 

Pleasanton 

Port Hueneme 

Redding 

Reedley 

Ridgecrest 

Rio Vista 

Ripon .- 

Rlverbank 

Rocklin.... 

Rohnert Park 

Roseville 

Ross. 

Saint Harlior 

Saint Helena 

San Anselmo 

San element* 

Sand City 

San Fernando 

Sanger... 

San Jacinto 

San Juan Bautlsta 

San Marino 

San Pablo 

Santa Paula 

Sausalito 

Sebastopol 

Selma 

Shafter 

Sierra Madre 

Soledad 

Sonoma 

Sonora 

South Lake Tahoe 

South Pasadena 

Stanton 

Suisun City 

Susanville... - 

Sutter Creek 

Tchachapi 

Tracy -. - 

Tulare -■ 

Turlock 

Ukiah... 

University of California, 

Berkeley.. 

University of California, 

Davis.. 

University of California, 

Irvine — 

University of California, 

Riverside 

University of California, 

Medical School 

Vacavllle 

Vernon 

Wasco — 

Watsonville 

Weed 

Westmorland 

Wheatland 

Willits 

Willows 

Woodlakc 

Woodland 

YrekaCity 

Yuba City 



Total 
police em- 
ployees 



171 



Table 58.— Number o( Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1970, Cities with Population under 25,000— Con. 




COLORADO 

Aspen 

Brighton 

Broomfleld 

Brush 

Cherry Hills.... 

Colorado State Uni- 
versity 

Commerce City 

Cortez 

Delta 

Durango 

Edgewater 

Florence. 

Glendale... 

Golden 

Grand Junction 

Gunnison 

Kremmling-- 

La Junta 

Lamar 

Leadville 

Longmont 

Loveland 

Manzanola 

Monte Vista 

Montrose 

Rifle 

Rocky Ford. 

Salida 

Sterlhig 

Thornton.. 

Vail 

Westminster 

CONNECTICUT 

Avon 

Bethel 

Bloomfleld 

Cheshire 

Clinton 

Danielson... 

Darien 

Fannlngton 

Glastonbury 

Granby 

Groton 

Guilford 

Monroe 

Naugatuck 

New Canaan... 

North Haven 

Orange 

Putnam 

Ridgefleld. 

Seymour 

Simsbury 

Sprague Town 

Stafford Springs 

Stonington 

Waterford 

Wllllmantic 

Wilton 

Windsor 

Wolcott 

Woodbrldge 



DELAWARE 

Dover. 

Laurel 

Milford 

Newark 

Seaford 

Smyrna 

FLORIDA 

Apalachicola 

Apopka 

Aubumdale 

Bartow 

Biscayne Park 

Boynton Beach 

Bradenton 

Brooksville 

Clewiston 

Cocoa 

Cocoa Beach 

Dade City 

Dania 

Deerfield Beach 

De Land 

Dunedin , 

Eustis 

Florida City 

Frostproof.. 

Hallandale 

Holly Hill 

Jacksonville Beach 

Kissimmee.. 

Lake City 

Lake Wales.. 

Lake Worth 

Lantana 

Largo 

Lecsburg 

Lighthouse Point 

Maitland 

Margate 

Miramar 

Mount Dora 

Neptune Beach 

New Port Richey 

North Palm Beach 

Oakland Park 

Ocala 

Ocoee 

Opa Locka 

Ormond Beach 

Palatka 

Palm Beach 

Palm Beach Gardens... 

Pinellas Park 

Plantation 

Quincy 

Safety Harbor 

Saint Augustine 

Saint Cloud.. 

Saint Petersburg Beach 

Sanford 

Sebring 

South Miami 

South Pasadena 

Starke 



FLORIDA— Con. 



Stuart 

Tarpon Springs.. 

Tavare^ 

Temple Terrace. 
Treasure Island.. 

Venice 

Vero Beach 

Wilton Manor... 

Windermere 

Winter Garden.. 
Winter Haven... 

Winter Park 

Zephyrhills 



Adel... 

Bame^villc 

Bremen 

Camilla 

Canton.. 

Carters ville 

Decatur. 

Douglasville... 

Dublin 

Elberton 

Fort Valley.... 

Gainesville 

Garden City... 

Greensboro 

Griffin 

Hawkins ville.. 

Hinesville 

Lafayette 

La Orange 

Lawrenceville. 

Manchester 

Milledgeville. . 
Montezuma... 

Perry.. 

Rossville 

Statesboro 

Sylvania 



Total 
police em- 



Thomaston 

ThomasviUe 

Trion 

Waycross 

Waynesboro 

West Point 

Winder 

IDAHO 

American Falls 

Blackfoot 

Buhl... 

Burley. 

Caldwell 

Coeur d'Alene. 

Craters of the Moon. 

Emmett 

Grace 

OrangevUle 

Jerome 

Kellogg 



IDAHO— Con. 



Moscow 

Mountain Home. 

Narapa 

Payette 

Eexburg 

Rupert 

Sandpoint 

Shelley 

Soda Springs 

Twin Falls 

Wallace. 

Weiser 



ILLINOIS 



Abingdon. . . 

Addison 

Algonquin.. 

Antioch 

Barrington. . 
Barton ville. 

Batavia 

Bellwood 

Benld. 

Bensen ville.. 



Bethalto 

Bolingbrook 

Bourbonnais 

Bradley. — 

Bridgeview 

Broadview 

Brookfield 

Cahokia 

Calumet Park 

Canton 

Carbondale.. 

Carmi 

Carol Stream 

CarpentersviUe 

Carterville . 

Gary... 

Casey 

Centralia 

Chester 

Chicago Ridge 

Clarendon Hills... 

Columbia 

Crest Hill 

Crestwood 

Crete 

Crystal Lake 

Deerfleld 

Dixon 

Du Quoin 

East Alton 

East Moline 

EfHngham 

Elk Grove Village. 

Eureka 

Fairmont City 

Flossmoor 

Forest Park 

Fox Lake 

Franklin Park 

Fulton 



172 



Table 58.— Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1970, Cities with Population under 25,000-Con. 



ILUNOIS— Con. 



Galena 

Galva 

Geneseo 

Geneva -.. 

Genoa 

Georgetown -.. 

Gibson City 

Glencoe 

Olendale Heights 

Glen EUyn 

Glenview 

GoU ..- 

Grayslake 

Hanover Park 

Harrisburg 

Harvard- --. 

Harwood Heights 

Highland 

Highwood 

Hinsdale. 

Hoffman Estates 

Homewood 

Hoopeston _ 

Huntley- --. 

Itasca 

Jacksonville 

Jerseyvllle.- — 

Justice - 

Kenilworth 

Kewanee — 

La Orange - -. 

La Grange Park 

LakeBlufl.. 

Lake Forest 

Lakemoor 

Lake Zurich -.. 

Lawrence ville 

Lebanon — 

Lemont 

Liberty ville .-. 

Lincolnwood 

Lisle — 

Litchfield 

Lyons — 

Macomb 

Maple Park 

Marquette Heights. 

Mascoutah 

Matteson 

Mattoon - 

McHenry 

Mehose Park 

Mendota- 

Milan --- 

Momence 

Morrison -- 

Morton 

Mount Morris 

Mount Olive 

Mount Vernon 

Mundelein.- 

Murphysboro 

Naperville 

New Lenox -. 

Nokoniis 

Norridge 

North Aurora 



Total 
police em- 
ployees 



Northern Illinois 

University 

Northfleld ..- 



ILLINOIS— Con. 



Northlake 

North Riverside 

Oak Forest 

O'Fallon 

Oglesby 

Olney 

Olympia Fields 

Orland Park 

Palos Park- 

Paxton -- - 

Phoenix.- 

PitUfleld 

Piano 

Polo — 

Posen 

Riverdale 

River Forest 

Robinson -. 

Rock Falls_ 

Rolling Meadows.... 

Roselle.. 

Rosemont — 

Round Lake Beach. 
Round Lake Park.. 

Saint Charles 

Salem 

Sandwich — 

Sauk Village 

Schaimiburg 

Schiller Park 

Shelbyville 

Sllvis 

South Elgin... 

Spring Valley 

Staunton 

Stone Park. 

Streator 

Sycamore 

Tuscola 

Vandalia 

Venice.. .-- 

Washington 

Washington Park... 

Watseka 

Wauconda 

Westchester 

West Dundee. 

Western Springs... 

Westmont.. 

Wheeling 

White Hall 

Wilmington 

Winfield 

Winnetka 

Wood Dale 

Woodstock 

Worth 



Total 
police em- 
ployees 



INDIANA 



Alexandria — 

Angola 

Attica 

Auburn 

Batesville 

Bedford 

Beech Grove. 

Berne.. 

Bicknell 

Bluflton 



INDIANA— Con. 



Brookville,. 

Brownsburg 

Chesterfield 

Chesterton 

Clinton 

Coimersville — 

Corydon 

Crown Point 

Decatur 

Dunkirk 

Dyer.. 

East Gary 

Fairmount. 

Frankfort 

Garrett 

Gas City 

Goshen 

Greencastle 

Greensburg.. 

Greenwood 

Hartford City 

Highland 

Hobart 

Huntington 

Jasper 

Jeffersonville 

Knox... 

La Porte 

Lawrence 

Lebanon 

Lincoln Boyhood... 

Logansport 

Long Beach 

Madison 

Monticello 

Mooresville... 

Mount Vernon 

Munster.. 

New Haven 

New Whiteland 

North Manchest«r.. 

North Vernon 

Peru.. 

Portage — 

Portland... -■ 

Princeton 

Rensselaer 

Rochester... 

RushvUle — 

ScUersburg 

Seymour 

Speedway 

Valparaiso 

Vincennes 

Wabash 

Warsaw 

West Lafayette 

West Terre Haute. 
Whiting 



Total 
police em- 
ployees 



IOWA 



Algona 

Ankeny 

Atlantic 

Audubon. . . 
Bloomfleld.. 

Boone 

Centerville. 
Chariton... 



Clarinda 

Clarion 

Clear Lake 

Cllve 

Coral vUle 

Decorah.. 

Eldora 

Estherville 

Evansdale 

Fort Madison 

Grinnell 

Hampton 

Harlan 

Humboldt 

Independence 

Jefferson 

KnoxvUle 

Le Mars 

Manchester 

Maquoketa 

Marion 

Missouri Valley.. 

Monticello 

Mount Pleasant. 
Mount Vernon... 

Muscatine 

Newton .- 

Oelweln 



Oskaloosa — 

Pella 

Perry. 

Red Oak 

Sheldon 

Shenandoah - 
Sibley 



Spirit Lake 

Storm Lake -- 

Tama 

Washington 

Waverly 

Webster City 

West Burlington.. 
West Des Moines.. 
Windsor Heights.. 
Winterset 



KANSAS 

Abilene 

Atchison 

Augusta 

Belleville -- 

Belolt 

Caney 

Chanute 

Cherryvale 

Clay Center 

Cofleyville 

Colby - 

Columbus 

Concordia 

Council Grove 

Derby... 

EUlnwood 

Ellis 

Emporia 

Eureka 



173 



Table 58.— Number of Full-Time Police Departmenf Employees, December 31, 1970, Cities with Population under 25,000— Con. 



City by State 



KANSAS— Con. 

Fairway 

Fort Scott _... 

Fredonia 

Garden City 

Gardner 

Gamett _ 

Goodland. 

Great Bend 

Haysville ., 

Herington 

Hiawatha. 

Hillsboro 

Hoisington 

Holton 

Horton 

Hugoton 

Humboldt 

Independence 

Io!a... 

Junction City _. 

Lamed 

Leawood 

Lcnexa 

Liberal 

Lyons 

Marysvllle 

Mcpherson 

Merriam 

Mission 

Neodesha 

Oakley - 

Olathe 

Osage City 

Osawatomle 

Ottawa 

Paola - 

Parsons 

Philllpsburg 

Pittsburg 

Pratt 

Rocland Park 

Russell 

Scott City 

Shawnee 

Ulysses 

Valley Center 

WaKecney 

Wellington 

Westwood 

Wlnfleld 

EENTUCKY 

Albany 

Alexandria 

Anchorage 

Auburn - 

Augusta 

Barbourvllle 

Bardstown 

Beattyville 

Beaver Dam 

Belle vue 

Benton , 

Berea 

Bloom field 

Brandenburg. , 

Brooksvllle 

Burkcsvllle 



Total 
police em- 



KENTUCKY— Con. 

Cadiz 

Calvert City 

Campbellsville 

Carlisle 

Carroll ton.- 

Catlettsburg _ 

Cave City... 

Central City 

Clarkson 

Clinton.. 

Cloverport 

Corbin 

Corydon. 

Crotton 

Cumberland 

Cynthiana 

Danville 

Dawson Springs.. 

Dayton... 

Earlington.. 

Eddyville.. 

Edmonton 

Ellzabethtown 

Elkton... 

Eminence 

Erlanger 

Falmouth... 

Flatwoods 

Flemingsburg 

Florence 

Fort Mitchell 

Fort Thomas 

Frankfort 

Franklin 

Fulton 

Georgetown. 

Glasgow 

Grayson 

Oreensburg... 

Greenup 

Greenville 

Guthrie 

Hardinsburg 

Harlan 

Harrodsburg 

Hartford 

Hawesville. 

Hazard 

Henderson 

Hickman 

Highland Heights 

Hodgenville 

Hopkinsville 

Irvington 

Jackson 

Jamestown 

Jeflersontown 

Jenkins 

La Grange 

Lakeside Park 

Lancaster 

Lawrenccburg 

Lebanon 

Leitchfleld 

Liberty 

London 

Louisa 

Ludlow 

Madisonville 

Manchester 



Total 
police em- 
ployees 



KENTUCKY— Con. 

Marlon 

Martin 

Mayfield 

Maysville 

Middlesboro... 

Midway , 

Monticello 

Morehead 

Morganfield 

Morgantown 

Mount Sterling 

Mount Vernon 

Mount Washington 

Muldraugh 

Murray 

New Castle 

Nicholasville 

Olive Hill 

Owenton.. 

Owingsville 

Paintsville 

Paris 

Park Hills... 

Pembroke 

Pewee Valley 

Pikeville 

Pineville. 

Prestonsburg 

Princeton 

Providence 

Eaceland 

Radclifl 

Richmond 

Russell Springs 

Russellville 

Saint Matthews 

Scottsville 

Shelbyvillc 

Shepherdsville 

Shively 

Somerset 

Southgate 

Springfield 

Stanford 

Sturgis 

Taylor Mill 

Taylorsville 

Tompkinsville 

Vanceburg 

Versailles 

Vine Grove 

Warsaw 

West Liberty 

West Point 

Williamstown 

Wilmore 

Winchester 

LOUISIANA 

Berwick 

Bogalusa 

De Quincy 

De Ridder 

DonaldsonviUo 

Franklin 

Golden Meadow. 

Hammond 

Jennings... 

Jonesboro 



Total 
police em- 
ployees 



LOUISIANA— Con 



Kaplan 

Mamou 

Marksville 

Minden.. 

Morgan City, . 

New Roads 

Pineville 

Plaquemine. . . 

Rayne 

Ruston 

Sulphur 

Thibodaux 

Vivian 

Welsh 

West Monroe.. 



Auburn 

Bath 

Brewer 

Brunswick 

Bucksport. 

Calais 

Camden 

Cape Elizabeth. 

Caribou 

Dexter... 

Ellsworth 

Farmington 

Gardiner 

Hallowell 

Hampden 

Houlton 

Kittery 

Limestone 

Lincoln 

Madawaska 

Madison 

Mexico 

Millinocket 

Old Town 

Orono 

Pittsfleld 

Presquelsle 

Rockland 

Rumford 



Sanford 

Scarborough 

Skowhegan 

South Portland. 

Topsham 

Waterville 

Wells... 

Westbrook 

Winthrop 



MARYLAND 



Aberdeen 

Bel Air 

Bladensburg 

Brunswick 

Cambridge 

Chestertown 

Crlsfield 

District Heights. 

Easton 

Elkton 



174 



Table 58.— Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1970, Cities with Population under 25,000— Con. 



MARYLAND— Con. 

Frederick 

Frostburg 

Greenbelt 

Havre De Grace 

Hyattsville. 

Laiirel... 

Mount Ranier. 

Riverdale 

Salisbury.. 

Sparrows Point. 

Takoma Park.. 

University of Maryland 

University Park. 

Westminster 



MASSACHUSETTS 



Total 
police em- 
ployees 



Acton 

Acushnet. 
Adams 



Amesbury 

Amherst 

Andover 

Ashburnham 

Athol 

Auburn 

Avon 

Ayer 

Barnstable 

Bedford 

Blackstone 

Bourne... 

Boylston 

Bridgewater 

Burlington... 

Chatham 

Clinton 

Cohassct 

Concord 

Dalton. 

Dartmouth... 

Dover 

Dracut 

Dudley.. 

Duibury 

East Bridgewater... 

Easthampton.. 

East Longmeadow.. 

Easton 

Fairhaven 

Falmouth... 

Foxboro 

Franklin 

Gardner 

Grafton 

Greenfield 

Groveland 

Hanson 

Hingham 

Holden 

Holliston 

Hopedale 

Hudson 

HuU 

Lincoln.. 

Littleton 

Ludlow 

Lynnfleld 



MASSACHUSETTS— 
Con. 

Mansfield 

Marblehead 

Marion 



Marshfield 

Mashpee 

Mattapoisett 

Maynard 

Medfield 

Medway 

Merrimac 

Middleboro 

Millbury... 

Millis 

Montague 

Newbury 

Newburyport 

North Adams 

North Andover 

North Attleboro.* . 

Northbridge 

Norton 

Norwell 

Orange 

Pembroke 

Provincetown . . 

Reading 

Rehoboth 

Rockport 

Rowley... 

Salisbury 

Scituate 

Seekonk 

Sharon 

Shrewsbury 

Somerset 

Southboro 

Southbridge ., 

South Hadley . 

Southwick . 

Sterling 

Stoneham 

Stoughton 

Stow ...-. 

Sudbury 

Sutton 

Swampscott . 

Swansea 

Topsflcld 

Tyngsborough — . 

Uxbridge 

Walpole... 

Ware 

Wareham 

Wayland . 

Webster .-. 

Westboro 

West Boylston 

Weston 

Westport 

Westwood 

Wilbraham 

WiUiamstown 

Wilmington 

Winchester... 

Wrentham 



MICHIGAN 



Ahmeek. 
Algonac. 



Total 
police em- 
ployees 



MICHIGAN— Con. 

Allegan 

Alma 

Almont 

Armada 

Auburn 

Bangor 

Baraga 

Bath Township 

Bedford Township 

Bellevue.. 

Berrien Springs 

Bessemer 

Big Rapids 

Birch Run 

Bllssfleld 

Bloomfield Hills 

Boyne City 

Breckenridge 

Breedsville 

Bridgman 

Brighton — 

Bronson 

Brooklyn ... 

Brown City 

Calumet 

Capac 

Caro 

Carson City 

Caspian 

Cass City 

Cement City 

Charlotte 

Cheboygan ... 

Chelsea 

Chesaning... 

Clare 

Clarkston.. 

Clawson 

Coloma Township. 

Colon 

CoopersviUe 

Conmna 

CrosweU 

Crystal Falls 

Decatur 

Deckerville 

De Witt 

Dimondale — 

Dundee 

Durand 

East Grand Rapids 

East Jordan... 

East Tawas 

Ecorse 

Emmctt Township 

Essexville 

Farmlngton. 

Farwell 

Fenton 

Ferris State College 

Ferrysburg 

Flat Rock. 

Flushing 

Fowlerville 

Frankenmuth 

Frankfort 

Fremont 

Fruitport 

Galesbure 



Total 
police em- 



Total 
police em- 
ployees 



MICHIGAN— Con. 

Gibraltar 

Gladstone 

Goodrich 

Grand Blanc 

Grand Blanc Township 

Grand Ledge ... 

GrandviUe 

Grant .. 

Green Oak Township... 
Grossc lie Township.... 

Grosse Pointe 

Grosse Pohite Farms... 

Grosse Pointe Park 

Grosse Pointe Shores... 
Grosse Pointe Woods... 

Hancock 

Harbor Beach 

Harper Woods 

Hastings. 

Hazel Park... 

Hesperia .. 

Hillsdale 

HoUy 

Homer 

Hopkins 

Houghton... 

Howard Township 

Howell 

Huntington Woods 

Ionia 

Iron River 

Ironwood 

Ishpemlng 

Ithaca 

JonesvUle 

Keego Harbor 

Kentwood 

Lake Linden 

Lake Odessa 

Lake Orion — 

L'Anse 

Lapeer 

Lathrup Village 

Laurlum 

Lawton — 

Lexington 

Linden 

Litchfield 

Ludlngton 

Mackinaw City 

Manistee 

Manistique 

Marcellus 

Marine City 

Marietta 

Marquette Township. . 

Marshall 

Mason 

Mayvllle 

Melvlndale.. 

Memphis 

Mendon 

Menominee 

Michiana 

Michigan State 

University 

Milan — 

Monroe 

Montague 

Montrose 



175 



Table 58.— Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1970, Cities with Population under 25,000— Con. 



MICHrCAN— Con. 



Mount Morris 

Muskegon Heights 

Muskegon Townslilp.. 

Nashville 

Negaunee 

Newaygo 

New Baltimore _ . . 

New Buffalo. 

New Haven 

Niles.... , 

Niles Township 

North Branch 

Northville 

NorthviUe Township. 

Norton Shores 

Novl 

Olivet 

Onaway 

Ontonagon 

Orchard Lake 

Oscoda Township 

OtlsvlUe - 

Otsego 

Ovid 



Oxford 

Parchment 

Pennfleld Township... 

Petoskey 

Pinckney 

Pinconning 

Plainwell 

Plymouth... 

Pontiac Township 

Port Austin 

Portland 

Potterville 

Quincy 

Reading 

Richmond 

River Rouge 

Riverview 

Rochester 

Rockford 

Rogers City 

Romulus Township. . . 

Roosevelt Park. 

Royal Oak Township. 

Saint Charles 

Saint Johns 

Saint Joseph 

Sandusky 

Sault Sainte Marie 

Schoolcraft. 

Scottville 



Total 
police em- 
ployees 



Shepherd 

Sheridan 

South Range. 

Spring Lake 

Stambaugb 

Sturgls 

SwartE Creek 

Sylvan Lake 

TawasCity 

Thrc6 Rivers 

Traverse City 

Trenton 

Tuscarora Township. 



MICHIGAN— Con. 



Utica 

Vicksburg 

Wakefield... 

Walker Township 

Walled Lake 

Waterford Township. 

Watervliet... 

Wayland 

Wayne 

Webberville 

We5t Branch 

White Cloud 

Whitehall 

White Pigeon 

Williamston 

Wixom 

Wolverine Lake 

Woodhaven 

Zeeland 



MINNESOTA 



Albert Lea 

Alexandria. 

Anoka 

Arden Hills 

Aurora , 

Babbitt 

Bayport... . 

Bemidll 

Blue Earth 

Brainerd 

Breckenridge 

Cloquet 

Columbia Heights 

Cottage Orove Village. 

Crookston. 

Crosby 

Deephaven 

Detroit Lakes. 

Eagan Township 

East Grand Forks 

Ely - 

Eveleth 

Fairmont 

Faribault 

Fergus Falls 

Forest Lake 

Gilbert. 

Glenwood 

Golden Valley 

Grand Rapids 

Hastings 

Hibbing 

Hopkins 

Hoyt Lakes... 

Hutchinson 

International Falls 

Inver Grove Heights. . 

Jackson.. 

La Crescent 

Lake City 

Lauderdale 

Little Falls 

Luveme 

Mahtomedi 

Marshall 

Mendota Heights 

Montevideo 

Morris 



Total 
police em- 



MINNESOTA-Con. 



Mound 

Mounds View 

New Brighton 

New Hope. 

Newport 

New Prague 

New Ulm 

Northfleld 

North Mankato 

North Saint Paul.. 

Orono 

Ortonville 

Owatonna 

Park Rapids 

Pipestone 

Plymouth-. 

Red Wing 

Redwood Falls 

Robbinsdale 

Saint Anthony 

Saint James 

Saint Peter... 

Sauk Rapids 

Silver Bay. 

Sleepy Eye 

Springfield 

Spring Lake Park. 

Spring Valley 

Stillwater 

Tracy 

Two Harbors 

Virginia 

Wadena 

Waseca 

Wayzata 

West Saint Paul... 
White Bear Lake.. 

Willmar... 

Worthington 



MISSISSIPPI 



Aberdeen... 

Batesville 

Bay Saint Louis.. 

BooneviUe 

Brookhaven 

Cleveland 

Clinton 

Durant 

Greenwood 

Grenada 

Hazlehurst 

Indianola 

Long Beach 

McComb 

Moss Point. 

New Albany 

Newton 

Ocean Springs 

Okolona. , 

Port Gibson 

Senatobia 

Tupelo.. 

Water Valley 



MISSOURI 

Ballwin 

Bellefontaine Neighbors. 
Berkeley 



Total 
police em- 
ployees 



Total 
police em- 
ployees 



MISSOURI— Con. 

Blue Springs. 

Boonville. 

Brentwood 

Bridgeton. 

Butler 

Cameron 

Carthage 

Charlack 

Clayton. 

Clinton 

Crestwood 

Dellwood 

De Soto 

Eldon 

Excelsior Springs 

Farmington 

Fayette 

Fenton 

Frontenac 

Gladstone... 

Glendale 

Hannibal 

Hanley Hills.. 

HarrisonviUe 

Hazelwood 

Hermann... 

Higginsville 

Jackson. 

Jennings 

Ladue... 

Lamar 

Liberty 

Louisiana 

Manchester 

Maplewood 

Marceline 

Marshall 

MaryviUe 

Mexico 

Moberly 

Moline Acres 

Monett 

Neosho 

Normandy 

North Kansas City 

Olivette 

Overland 

Pagedale 

Pine Lawn 

Poplar Bluff 

Potosi 

Richmond 

Richmond Heights 

Riverview 

RopkHUl 

RoUa 

Saint Ann 

Saint John Village 

Sedalla 

Shrewsbury 

Slater 

Valley Park 

Vlnita Park 

Warrensburg 

Warson Woods 

Washington 

Webb City 

Wellstown 

West Plains 

Woodson Terrace 



176 



Table 58.— Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1970, Cities with Population under 25,000 — Con. 



Total 
police em- 



NEW HAMPSHIRE- 
Con. 

Hampton 

Hooksett.- _ _ 

Keene 

Laconia 

Lebanon 

Littleton _ 

MUford 

Newport 

Pelham 

Peterborough 

Rochester 

Somereworth 

NEW JERSEY 

AbsecoD 

Allendale 

AUenhurst.. 

Allentown 

Alpha 

Alpine 

Asbury Park 

Atlantic Highlands 

Audubon Park.. 

Avalon 

Avon-by-the-Sea 

Bamegat Light _ . , 

Barrington 

Bay Head 

Beach Haven 

Beachwood 

Bedminster Township... 

BeUmawr. 

Belmar 

Belvidere 

Berkeley Heights 

Berkeley Township 

Berlin 

Bernards Township 

Bernards ville 

Beverly 

Bloomingdale 

Bogota ■; 

Boonton 

Boonton Township. 

Bordentown 

Bound Brook. _ 

Bradley Beach.. 

Bridgeton 

Brielle 

Brigantine 

Brooklawn 

BurUngton 

Burlington Township. . . 

Butler 

Caldwell 

Califon 

Cape May 

Carlstadt 

Carteret 

Cedar Grove Township. 

Chatham 

Chatham Township 

Chester 

Chester Township 

Cinnaminson Township. 

Clark 

Clayton 

Clementon 

CllflsidePark 



Total 
police em- 



NEW JEESEY— Con. 

Clinton 

Clinton Township 

Closter 

Collingswood 

Cranbury Township 

Cresskill 

Deal 

Deerfleld Township 

Delanco Township 

Dehan Township 

Demarest 

Denville Township 

Deptford Township 

Dover 

Dumont 

Dunellen 

East Greenwich Town- 
ship.. 

East Hanover Township. 

East Newark 

East Paterson.. ., 

East Eutherford 

East Whidsor Township. 

Eatontown 

Edge water.. 

Edgewater Park Town- 
ship. 

Egg Harbor City 

Emerson 

Englewood 

Englewood Cliffs 

Essex Fells.. 

Evesham Township 

Fairfield 

Fair Haven 

Fairview 

Fanwood 

Far Hills. 

Flemington 

Florence Township 

Florham Park 

Franklin 

Franklin Lakes 

Franklin Township 

Freehold 

Freehold Township 

Frenchtown. 

Galloway Township 

Garwood 

Glassboro... 

Glen Ridge 

Glen Rock 

Gloucester City. 

Green Brook 

Greenwich Township 

Guttenberg 

Hackettstown 

Haddonfleld 

Haddon Heights 

Haddon Township 

Haledon 

Hamilton Township 

Hanunonton 

Hanover Township 

Harding Township 

Hardyston Township 

Harrington Park 

Harrison... 

Harvey Cedars.. 



Total 
police em- 



NEW JERSEY— Con. 

Hasbrouck Heights 

Haworth.. 

Hawthorne 

Hazlet Township 

Helmetta 

High Bridge Boro 

Highland Park — 

Highlands... 

Hlghtstown 

Hillsborough Township. 

Hillsdale 

Hillside Township. 

Ho-Ho-Kus 

Holland Township 

Holmdel Township 

Hopatcong 

Hopewell. 

Hopewell Township 

Interlaken 

Island Heights 

Jackson Township 

Jamesburg 

Jefferson Township 

Keansburg 

Kcnllworth - 

Keyport 

Klnnelon 

Lacey Township 

Lakehurst 

Lambert ville 

Laurel Springs 

Lavallette 

Lawnslde... 

Lawrence Township 

(Cumberland County) . 
Lawrence Township 

(Mercer County) 

Lebanon Township 

Leonia 

Lincoln Park 

Lindenwold 

Linwood 

Little Egg Harbor 

Township 

Little Falls Township... 

Little Ferry - 

Little Silver... 

Loch Arbour 

Long Beach Township. . 

Longport 

Lower Township 

Lumberton 

Lyndhurst Township — 

Madison 

Magnolia 

Mahwah Township 

Manasquan 

Manchester Township... 

Mantoloklng 

Mantua Township 

Man ville 

Maple Shade Township. 
Maplewood Township... 

Margate City 

Marlborough 

Matawan 

Matawan Township 

Maywood 

Medford Lakes 

Medford Township 

Mendham.. 



Total 
police em- 
ployees 



177 



Table 58. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1970, Citiet with Population under 25,000 — Con. 



NEW JERSEY— Con. 

Mendham Township 

Merchantville. - 

Metuchen 

Middlesex 

Middle Township 

Midland Park 

Milford 

Millbum Township 

Milltown 

MUMUe 

Mine Hill Township 

Monmouth Beach 

Monroe 

Monroe Township 

Montvale 

MontvUle Township 

Moonachie 

Mooi^town Township. . . 

Morris Plains 

Morristown 

Morris Township 

Mountain Lakes. 

Mountainside 

Mount Arlington 

Mount Ephraim 

Mount HoUy... 

Mount Laurel Township. 

Mount Olive Township. 

Mullica Township 

Neptune 

Netcong 

NewMiUord 

New Providence 

New Shrewsbury , 

Newton 

North Arlington 

North Bnmswick Town- 
ship , 

North Caldwell 

North Egg Harbor 
Township 

Northfleld 

North Haledon 

North Hanover Town- 
ship.. 

North Plainfield 

Northvale 

North Wildwood 

Norwood 

Oakland. 

Oaklyn 

Ocean City 

Ocean Gate... 

Ocean Grove 

Oceanport 

Ocean Township, Mon- 
mouth County 

Ocean Township, Ocean 
County 

Ogdensburg 

OldTappan 

Oradell 

Oxford Township 

Palisades Park 

Palmyra. 

Park Ridge 

Passaic Township 

Paulsboro 

Peapack and Gladstone. 

Pembcrton 

Pemberton Township. .. 



Total 
police em- 
ployees 



City by State 



NEW JERSEY— Con. 

Pennington. 

Penns Grove 

Pennsville Township 

Pcquannock Township.. 

Phillipsburg 

Pine Beach 

Pine Hill 

Pitman 

Pleasantville 

Plumsted Township 

Pohatcong 

Point Pleasant 

Point Pleasant Beach 

Pompton Lakes 

Princeton 

Princeton Township 

Prospect Park 

Ramsey 

Randolph Township 

Raritan 

Raritan Township 

Readington Township — 

Red Bank... 

Ridgefleid 

Ridgcfleld Park 

Ringwood 

Riverdale 

River Edge 

Riverside - - 

Riverton 

River Vale. 

Rochelle Park Township 

Rockaway 

Rockaway Township 

Roseland 

Roselle 

Roselle Park 

Roxbury Township 

Rumson , 

Runnemede 

Rutherford 

Saddle Brook Township. 

Saddle River 

Salem 

Scotch Plains 

Sea Bright 

Sea Girt 

Sea Isle City 

Seaside Heights 

Seaside Park 

Sccaucus 

Ship Bottom 

Shrewsbury 

Somerdale 

Somers Point 

Somervllle. 

South Amboy 

South Beimar 

South Bound Brook 

South Brunswick Town- 
ship 

South Hackensack 

South Orange 

South Plainfield 

South River 

South Toms River 

Sparta Township 

Spotswood 

Springfield 

Spring Lake.. 

Spring Lake Heights 



Total 
police em- 



NEW JERSEY— Con. 

Stafford Township 

Stanhope 

Stone Harbor 

Stratford 

Summit 

Surf City 

Sussex 

Swedesiwro 

Tenafly 

Tetertmro 

Tewksbury Township... 

Totowa 

Tuckerton 

Union Beach 

Upper Deerfield Town- 
ship 

Upper Penns Neck 

Upper Saddle River 

Ventnor City 

Verona 

Voorhees Township 

Waldwick. 

Wailington 

Wall Township 

Wanaque. 

Washington 

Washington Township, 

Bergen County 

Washington Township, 

Gloucester County 

Washington Township, 

Morris County. 

Watchung 

Weehawken Township. . 

Wenonah 

West Caldwell 

West Cape May... 

West Deptford Town- 
ship .- 

West Long Branch 

West Milford Township. 

West Paterson 

Westville 

West Wildwood.. 

West Windsor Township 

Westwood - 

Wharton. 

Wildwood 

Wildwood Crest 

Wlnfleld Township 

WInslow Township 

Woodbine 

Woodbury 

Woodcllfl Lake- 

Woodlynne 

Wood Ridge 

Woodstown 

Woolwich 

Wrightstown 

Wyckofl.. 



NEW MEXICO 

Alamogordo 

Artesia 

Aztec 

Belen 

Bernalillo 

Carlsbad 

Clayton 

Doming 

Eunice 



Total 
police em- 



City by State 



NEW MEXICO— Con. 

Farmington 

Gallup 

Las Vegas City 

Los Alamos 

Milan. 

Portales. 

Silver City 

State University 

Tucumcari 



NEW YORK 



Alfred 

Amityville 

Angola 

Ardsley 

Asharoken 

Baldwinsville 

Ballston Spa 

Batavia 

Bath 

Beacon 

Betlilehem... 

Blasdell 

Briarclifl Manor... 

Bronxville.. 

Camden 

Canajoharie 

Canandaigua 

Canisteo 

Canton 

Carmel 

Carthage 

Cayuga Heights 

Cazenovia 

Chittenango 

Clyde 

Cobleskill... 

Cohoes 

Cooperstown. 

Corinth 

Coming. 

Cornwall 

Cortland. 

Coxsackie 

Croton-on-Hudson. 

Dansville 

Delhi 

Depew 

Dobbs Ferry 

DolgeviUe 

Dryden 

Dunkirk 

East Aurora 

Eastchoster... 

East Rochester 

Ellenville... - 

Elmira Heights 

Elmsford 

Endicott 

Evans 

Fairport 

Fayetteville. 

Floral Park 

Fort Edward 

Fredonla .- 

Glens Falls... 

Gioversvllle 

Gouvemeur. 

Green Island. 

Greenport 



178 



Table 58.— Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1970, Cities with Population under 25,000— Con 



NEW YORK— Con. 



Groton. -._ 

Hamburg 

Hamilfon 

Harrison... 

Hastings on Hudson 

Haverstraw 

Herkimer 

Highland... 

Higliland Falls 

Hoosick Falls 

Homell 

Horseheads 

Hudson 

Hudson Falls 

nion -. 

Irvington 

Johnson City 

Johnstown. 

Lake Placid 

Lancaster Town 

Lancaster Village 

Larclunont 

Le Roy 

Liberty 

Liverpool 

Lynbrook 

Lyons 

Malone 

Malveme. ■- 

Mamaroneck Town 

Mamaroneck Village 

Massena 

Medina 

Middletown 

Mohawk. 

Mount Kisco 

Mount Pleasant... 

New Castle 

New Paltz 

North Pelham 

Northport 

North Syracuse 

North Tarrytown 

Niuida 

Ogdensburg... 

Olean 

Oneida 

Oneonta 

Orchard Park 

Ossining — 

Oswego 

Owego- - 

Painted Post 

Palisades Interstate Park 

Palmyra- - , 

Pelham 

Pelbam Manor 

Penn Yan... 

Plattsburgh 

Pleasantville 

Port Jervis 

Queensbury 

Rensselaer 

Riverhead Town 

Rye 

Sag Harbor 

Saint Johnsville 

Salamanca. - 

Sands Point 

Saranac Lake 



Total 
police em- 
ployees 



NEW YORK— Con. 

Saratoga Springs 

Saugerties 

Scotia 

Skaneateles 

Sloan 

Sloatsburg 

Sodus Point 

Solvay 

Southampton 

South Nyack 

Spring Valley 

Springville 

Stony Point 

Suffem 

Ticonderoga 

Tonawanda 

Tuckahoe 

Tapper Lake 

Tuxedo 

Tuxedo Park 

Vanderbilt Mansion 

Walden 

Walton 

Wappingers Falls 

Warwick 

Waterloo 

Watervliet 

Watkins Glen 

Waverly 

Westficld 

WhitehaU 

Woodbury 

NORTH CAROLINA 

Albemarle 

Asheboro 

Ayden 

Bessemer City 

Blowing Rock 

Brevard _ 

Canton 

Cherry ville '. 

Clayton 

Clinton 

Concord 

Edenton 

EliiabethCity 

Elk in 

Enfield 

Farmvllle 

Forest City 

Granite Falls 

Hamlet 

Havelock. 

HendersonviUe 

Jacksonville 

Kings Mountain 

Kinston 

Laurlnburg 

Lenoir.. 

Lexington 

Llncolnton 

Lumberton. 

Marion 

Monroe 

Moores ville 

Morchead City.. 

Morgan ton 

Mount Airy 



Total 
police em- 
ployees 



NORTH CAROLINA 
Con. 

Mount Olive.. 

Red Springs 

Roxboro... 

Salisbury 

Sanford 

Scotland Neck 

Selma 

Shelby 

SUerCity 

Smithfield 

Southern Pines... 

Spencer 

Statesville... 

Tarboro 

Thomasville 

Valdcse. 

Washington 

WaynesviUe 

Williamston 

Zebulon. 

NORTH DAKOTA 

Bottineau 

Devils Lake 

Dickinson 

Grafton 

Jamestown . _ 

Mandan 

Rugby 

Valley City.. 

Wahpeton... 

West Fargo 

Willis ton 

OHIO 

Alger. 

Amberley 

Arlington Heights 

Ashland 

Ashtabula 

Avon Lake 

Bay Village 

Beacbwood. 

Bedford 

Bedford Heights 

Bellaire 

Bellcfontaine. 

Bellevue 

Belpre.. 

Berea 

Bexley.. 

Blanchester — 

Blue Ash. 

Bowling Green 

Brecksville 

Broadview Heights 

Brimswick 

Bryan 

Bucyrus. 

Cambridge 

Canfield 

Centervllle 

Chagrin Falls 

Chardon 

Chester Township 

Cheviot 

Chillicothe 



Total 
police em- 



OHIO— Con. 

Circleville 

Clyde 

Coldwater 

Conneaut 

Crestline 

Crooks ville.. 

Darbydale 

Deer Park 

Defiance 

Delaware 

Detmison — 

Dover 

Eastlake 

East Liverpool 

Eaton 

Elm wood Place 

Fairfax 

Fairfield 

Fairview Park.. 

Fayette 

Forest Park 

Fostoria 

Franklin 

Fremont 

Gahanna 

Gallon.... — 

Gallipolis 

Germantown 

Glendale 

Grand view Heights... 

Greenfield- 

Greenhills 

Greenville. 

Grove City 

Heath 

Hicksville 

Highland Heights 

Hilliard .-- 

Hillsboro 

Hubbard -- 

Huron 

Indian Hill 

Lebanon — 

Leetonia 

Lockland 

Logan... 

Loudon vlUe 

Louisville 

Lyndhurst 

Madeira 

Mariemont 

Marietta .- 

Martins Ferry 

Marys ville 

Mason 

Maumee — 

Medina 

Mentor-On-The-Lake 

Miainisburg 

Middleburg Heights.. 

Middleport 

Mingo Junction 

Mogadore 

Montgomery 

Moraine 

Mount Oilead.. 

Mount Healthy 

Napoleon 



179 



Table 58— Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1970, Cities with Population under 25,000— Con. 



City by State 



Total 
police em- 



Navarre 

New Boston 

Newburgh Heights.. 

N ewcomerstown 

New Lexington 

New Philadelphia.. - 

Newton Falls 

Niles 

North Baltimore 

North Canton 

North KidgeviUe 

North Royalton 

Oakwood 

Oakwood Village — 

Oberlta 

Ontario 

Orrville 

Orwell 

Ottawa... 

Ottowa Hills 

Oxford 

Painesville 

Pepper Pike 

Perrysburg 

Piqua. 

Port Clinton.- 

Ravenna 

Reynoldsburg 

Richmond Heights. 

Rocky River 

Rosstord 

Russell Township. 

Saint Bernard 

Salem --- 

Sebrhig 

Seven Hills -- 

Shadyside — 

Sharonville--. 

Sheffield liake 

Shelby 

Sidney 

Silver Lake 

Silverton 

Solon 

South Charleston.. 

South Russell 

Springdale 

Stow... 

Strongsville. 

Tallmadge 

Terrace Park 

Tiffin.. 

Toronto 

Trenton. 

Trotwood 

Troy. 

Twinsburg 

UhrichsvUle 

Urbana 

Vandalia. 

Van Wert 

Vermilion 

Wadsworth... 

Wapakoneta ..■ 

Warrensville Heights 

Washington Court House 

Wauseon.. 

Waverly 

Wellington 

WellsvUle , 



OHIO— Con. 



West Carrollton... 

Westerville 

Westlake 

Wicklifle 

Willoughby 

Willoughby Hills.. 

Wilmington 

Windham.. 

Woodlawn 

Wooster 

Worthington 

Wyoming 

Yellow Springs... 



Total 
police em- 



OKLAHOMA 



Ada.- 

Alva. 

Ardmore.. 

Bethany.- 

Blackwell 

Cherokee 

Chickasha 

Cleveland 

Commerce 

Dewey 

Duncan 

Edmond 

Elk City 

El Reno 

Henryetta 

Hominy -- 

Kingfisher 

Madill 

Miami 

Nichols HlUs. . 

Nowata. 

Okmulgee 

Pauls Valley.. 

Perry 

Purcell 

Sallisaw 

Sand Springs- 

Sapulpa 

Tahlequah — 

Tecumseh 

Tonkawa 

Village 

Vinita 

Weatherford-. 

Wcwoka 

Woodward... 
Yukon 



Albany 

Ashland 

Astoria 

Baker 

Beaverton 

Bend 

Cannon Beach.. 

CanyonviUe 

Coos Bay 

Coquille 

Cottage Grove- 
Dallas 

I Florence 



City by State 



OREGON— Con. 



Forest Grove 

Gladstone. 

Grants Pass. 

Hermiston 

Hillsboro 

Hood River. 

Joseph — 

Klamath Falls 

Lake Oswego 

Lakeview 

Lebanon 

McMlnnviJle 

Mill City 

Milton-Frecwater.. 

Milwaukie 

Monmouth. 

Myrtle Creek 

Myrtle Point 

Newberg. 

Newport. 

North Bend 



Ontario 

Oregon City.. 

Prineville 

Redmond 

Roseburg 

Saint Helens- 
Seaside 

Silverton 

Sutherlin 

Sweet Home. 
The Dalles... 

Tigard. 

Tillamook... 

Toledo 

Winston 

Woodbum. . . 



PENNSYLVANIA 

Aliquippa 

Ambler .■ 

Ambridge.- — 

Annvllle 

Apollo 

Arnold — 

Ashland 

Aston Township 

Avalon 

Avoca - 

Baldwin Township 

Bangor 

Bamesboro --. 

Beaver 

Beaver Falls -.. 

Bedford... 

Bellelonte.- 

Belle Vernon 

Bellevue 

Bentleyville 

Berwick -- 

Birdsboro... 

Boothwyn 

Boyertown 

Braddock 

Bradford 

Brentwood 

Bristol ,-. 

Brookhaven ... 



Total 
police em- 



PENNSYLVANIA— 
Con. 

Brownsville 

Bumham-Dcrry Town- 

ship-- 

Butler 

Butler Township 

Caernarvon Township. 

California. — 

Camp Hill -- 

Canonsburg 

Carbondale 

Carlisle 

Carnegie 

Catasauqua... 

Center Township 

Chambersburg 

Churchill 

Clairton 

Clarion 

Clearfield.- 

Columbia. 

C onewago Township 

Connellsville- --- 

Coplay 

Coraopolis - 

Corry 

Crafton - 

Cresson 

Cressona -- 

Cumru Township 

Curwensville 

Dallastown - 

Danville 

Derry -.- 

Donora - - 

Doylestown -.- 

Dravosburg 

Du Bois 

Duiunore 

Dupont-. - 

Duquesne.. 

East Conemaugh 

East Lansdowne 

East Norriton Township 
East Pennsboro Town- 
ship . 

East Stroudsburg 

Easttown Township 

East Whiteland Town- 
ship 

Edgewood.- 

Edgeworth . . - 

EUwoodCity-.. 

Emmaus 

Emporium 

Etna 

Exeter Township 

Fairview Township 

Farrell. 

Femdale 

Fleetwood 

Forest City 

Forest Hills 

Forty Fort. 

Franklin Township 

Freeland — 

Freeport 

Oallitiln.. 

Gettysburg 

Olassport... 

Oreencastle 



180 



Table 58. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1970, Oties with Population under 25,000 Con. 



PENNSYLVANIA- 
Con. 

Green Tree 

Greenville 

Grove City 

Hamburg 

Hanover. _ 

Hatboro 

Hatfield Township 

Heidelberg 

Hellertown 

Honesdale 

Hopewell Township 

Horsham Township 

Huminelstown 

Huntingdon 

Indiana 

Jefferson. 

Jenkintown 

Jersey Shore.. 

Jessup 

Kennedy Township 

Kennet Square 

Kingston 

Kulpmont 

Lansdale _ 

Lansford 

Latrobe 

Lawrence Park 

Township... 

Leetsdale 

Lehighton 

Lemoyne 

Lewisburg 

Lewistown. 

Liberty Boro 

Ligonier 

Littlestown 

Lock Haven 

Lower Allen Township. . . 

Lower Burrell 

Lower Makefield 

Township 

Lower Providence 

Township 

Lower Saucon Township. 

Lower Southhampton 

Loyalhanna Township. . . 

Lykens 

Mahanoy City 

Manheim 

Mansfield 

Marcus Hook 

McAdoo.. 

McCandle«s Township. . . 

McConnellsburg 

McDonald - 

Meadville 

Mechanicsburg. 

Millcreek Township 

Millers ville 

Milton 

Miners ville 

Monaca 

Monessen 

Montoursville 

M orris ville 

Mount Oliver 

Mount Pleasant 

Mount Union 

Muhlenberg Township... 
Myerstown, ,. 



Total 
police em- 
ployees 



PENNSYLVANIA— 
Con. 

Narberth 

Nether Providence 

Township 

New Brighton 

New Cumberland 

New Eagle 

New Holland 

Northampton Township. 

North Belle Vernon 

North Braddock 

North Catasauqua 

North East 

North Versailles 

Township. 

Oakmont 

Oil City 

Olyphant 

Palmer Township 

Palmyra 

Parkesburg 

Penbrook 

Penn Township. 

Peters Township 

Philipsburg 

Pitcaim 

Plains Township 

Pleasant Hills 

Port Allegany 

Port Carbon 

Port Vue 

Pottsville 

Prospect Park 

Punxsutawney 

PjTnatuning Township... 

Quakertown 

Reserve Township 

Re>-noldsville... 

Richland Township 

Ridley Park.. 

Roaring Spring. 

Robeson Township.. 

Rochester 

Rockledge 

Rosslyn Farms Boro 

Royersford 

Saint Clair. 

Saint Marys. 

SaUsbury Township 

Scottdale 

Selinsgrove 

Sharon 

Sharon Hill 

Sharpsburg 

Shenandoah 

Shippensbm'g 

Slippery Rock 

Somerset 

South Fork. 

South Greensburg 

South Lebanon 

Township 

Southmont.. 

South Williamsport 

Speers Boro 

Spring City. 

Sprlbgettsbury 

Township 

Springfield Township 

Spring Garden Township. 
Stowe Township 



Total 
police em 
ployees 



PENNSYLVANIA— 
Con. 

Sunbury 

Swissvale 

Tamaqua... 

Taylor 

Tltusville 

Towanda 

Traflord 

Tredyflrln Township.... 

Trevorton 

Tyrone 

Union City 

Unlontown 

Upper Dublin Township 
Upper Gwynedd 

Township 

Upper Merion Township 
Upper Moreland 

Township 

Upper Saucon Township. 
Upper Southampton 

Township 

Upper Yoder Township.. 

Vandergrift 

Verona 

Washington 

Waynesburg 

Wellsboro 

West Chester.. 

West Goshen Township.. 

West Homestead 

West Lampeter 

Township 

Westmont 

West Newton 

West Norriton 

Township 

West Reading 

West View.. 

Whitehall 

Whitehall Township 

Whltemarsh Township... 

Whitpaln Township 

Wllklns Township 

Willlamstown 

Wlllistown Township 

Wilson 

Wyomisslng.. 

Yeadon... 

Youngwood 

RHODE ISLAND 

Barrington... 

Bristol 

Burrlllvllle 

Central Falls 

Coventry 

East Greenwich 

Jamestown 

Johnston 

Lincoln 

Narragansett 

North Providence 

North Smlthfield 

Portsmouth 

Smlthfield 

South Kingstown 

Tiverton 



Total 
police em- 



RHODE ISLAND 
Con. 

Warren.. 

Westerly 

West Warwick 



SOUTH CAROUNA 



Bamberg 

Barnwell 

Bennetts ville. 

Camden 

Chester 

Clemson 

Conway 

DarUngton 

Duncan 

Greenwood 

Greer 

Lake City 

Marion.. 

Newberry 

Orangeburg.... 



Sumter 

Union 

Willlston... 
Winnsboro- 



SOUTH DAKOTA 



Belle Fourche. 

Brookings 

Chamberlain.. 

Flandreau 

Hot Springs. . . 

Lead 

Madison 

Mitchell 

Pierre 

Spearflsh 

Vermillion 



Yankton 

TENNESSEE 

Alcoa 

Bristol. 

Camden 

CoUegedale 

Columbia... 

Crossville.. 

Dayton 

Gallatin 

Greenevllle 

Henderson 

Humboldt 

Jefferson City 

Lebanon 

Lenoir City 

Lexington 

Maryville. 

McKenzie 

McMiim ville 

Milllngton 

Morristown 

Paris 

Pulaski 

Red Bank 

Savannah 

Sevlerville 



181 



Table 58. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1970, Cities with Population under 25,000 — Con. 



Total 
police em- 
polyees 



TEXAS— Con. 

Iowa Park 

Jacinto 

Jefferson-- - 

Keller - - 

Kenedy 

Kennedale 

Kermit - 

Kilgore.-- -.. 

Lake Jackson 

Lake Worth 

Lamesa 

Lancaster..- 

La Porte 

League City 

Lewis ville. 

Littlefield 

Lockhart 

Lufkin 

Marshall 

McGregor 

McKinney 

Mercedes 

Meiia 

Mineola 

Mission 

Mount Pleasant 

Nacogdoches 

North Richland Hills 

Olmos Park 

Olney... 

Orange 

Palestine 

Pampa 

Paris 

Pecos 

Plain view 

Piano 

Port Aransas 

Port Isabel 

Portland 

Port Lavaca... 

Raymond ville 

Richland Hills 

Richmond... 

Robstown 

Rosenberg 

Rusk 

San Benito 

San Marcos.. 

Scguin 

Seminole 

Sinton 

Slaton 

Stamford 

Stephenville 

Sweetwater 

Talt 

Taylor 

Tulia 

University of Texas, 

Austin.. 

University ot Texas, 

Galveston 

University o( Texas, 

San Antonio 

Uvalde 

Waxahachie 

Weatherford 

Winters 



Total 

police em- 

polyees 



City by State 



UTAH 

American Fork 

Helper 

Layfon. 

Midvale 

Pleasant Grove 

Richfield 

Roy 

Saint George 

Sandy..- 

South Ogden 

Spanish Fork 

Sunset 

Tooele 

Vernal 

VERMONT 

Bellows Falls 

Brattleboro 

Colchester 

Essex Junction 

Hartford.. 

Middlebury 

Montpelier 

Newport 

Northfleld 

Proctor 

Randolph 

Saint Albans 

Saint Johnsbury 

Windsor 

Winooski 

Woodstock 

VIRGINIA 

Abingdon 

Bedford.. 

Big Stone Gap 

Blacksburg 

Bluefleld 

Bristol. 

Buena Vista — ... 

Cape Charles. . . 

Chase City ... 

Christlansburg.... 
Clifton Forge...... 

Covington 

Culpeper 

Dublin 

Emporia 

Fairfax 

Falls Church.. 

Franklin 

Fredericksburg 

Harrisonburg 

Hopewell 

Lexington 

Luray 

Manassas 

Manassas Park 

Marion 

Martinsville. 

Norton 

Orange 

Pulaski 

Radford 

Saltville 

South Boston 



Total 
police em- 



VIRGINIA— Con. 



Staunton 

Suffolk 

Vienna 

Vinton.. 

Warrenton 

Waynesboro... 
Williamsburg, 

Winchester 

Wise 

Wytheville.... 



WASHINGTON 



Anacortes 

Auburn 

Blaine 

Bothell.. 

Burlington. _ 

Camas 

Clarkston 

Clyde Hill Town. 

College Place 

Colville 

Des Moines 

Edmonds 

EUensburg 

Enumclaw 

Ephrata 

Fircrest 

Goldendale 

Grand Coulee 

Grandview 

Hoquiam 

Issaquah 

Kelso 

Kennewick 

Kent 

Khkland 

Lacey 

Marysville 

Mercer Island 

Moses Lake 

Mount Vernon... 

Oak Harbor 

Ocean Shores 

Orting 

Othello 

Pasco 

Port Angeles 

Port Orchard 

Port Townsend... 

Puyallup 

Raymond 

Redmond 

Sedro WooUey 

Selah 

Shelton 

Snohomish 

Sumner 

Toppenlsh — 

Walla Walla 

Wapato 

Washougal 

Wenatchee 



WEST VIRGINIA 



Beckley 

Bluefield... 
16 ■ Bridgeport. 



Total 

police em- 

polyees 



182 



Table 58. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1970, Cities with Population under 25,000 — Con. 



WEST VIRGINIA— Con. 

Clarksburg - . 

Grafton 

Mc Mechen 

Philippi... - 

Point Pleasant 

Ravenswood 

Ripley 

Saint Albans 

Summer^vlUe _ 

WiUiamstown 

WISCONSIN 

Algoma _ 

Antigo 

Ashland.- 

BaralDoo --. 

Bayside 

Beaver Dam 

Berlin... 

Black River Falls 

Brown Deer 

Burlington 

Cedarburg 

Chilton.... 

Chippewa Falls 

Clintonville 

Columbus.. 

Cornell 

Cudahy 

De Forest 

Delavan 

De Pere 



Total 
police em- 
polyees 



WISCONSIN— Con. 

Dodgeville 

Elkhom 

Elm Grove 

Evansville 

Fort Atkinson.. 

Fox Point 

Franklin 

German town... 

Glendale 

Grafton 

Greendale 

Greenfield 

Hales Comers 

Hartford 

Horicon 

Hudson... 

Hurley 

Jefferson 

Eaukauna 

Kewaunee 

Kiel 

Kimberly 

Lake Geneva 

Lake Mills 

Lancaster 

Little Chute 

Marinette.. 

Marshfleld 

Mayville 

Menomonie 

Merrill 

Middleton... 

Monona 



Total 
police em- 



WISCONSIN— Con. 

Monroe 

Muskego.. _ 

Neenah 

Neillsville 

Nekoosa 

New Holstein 

New Richmond 

Oak Creek 

Oconomowoc 

Oconto 

Onalaska 

Park Falls... 

Peshtigo 

Platteville 

Plymouth 

Portage 

Port Washington... 

Prairie du Chien 

Reedsburg--. 

Rhinelander 

Rice Lake 

Richland Center 

Ripon 

River Falls 

Rothschild 

Saint Francis 

Schofield.. 

Shawano 

Sheboygan Falls 

Shorewood 

South Milwaukee 

Sparta. 

Spooner 



Total 

police em- 

polyees 



City by State 



WISCONSIN— Con. 

Stevens Point 

Stoughton 

Sturgeon Bay 

Sun Prairie. 

Tomah 

Tomahawk.. 

Two Rivers 

Viroqua... 

Waterford 

Watertown.. 

Waupaca... 

Waupun 

West Bend 

West Milwaukee.. 

Whitefish Bay 

Whitewater 

Wisconsin Dells 

Wisconsin Rapids 

WYOMING 

Buffalo.... 

Lander.. 

Laramie 

Newcastle 

Powell 

Rawlins 

Riverton 

Rock Springs 

Sheridan 

Thermopolls 

Torrington 

Worland 



Total 

poUce em- 

polyees 



Table 59. — Number of Full-Time Employees, December 31, 1970, Suburban Counties 



Suburban county by 
State 


Total em- 
ployees 


Suburban county by 
State 


Total em- 
ployees 


Suburban county by 
State 


Total em- 
ployees 


Suburban county by 
State 


Total em- 
ployees 


ALABAMA 


12 
118 

421 
256 

19 
10 
75 

607 
350 
299 
343 

6,434 
191 
607 
543 

688 


CALIFORNIA— Con. 


292 
340 
554 

93 
144 
129 
469 

93 

99 
79 
70 
129 
28 

102 

316 

1,347 

241 

219 


FLORIDA— Con. 


17 
85 

54 
52 
57 
34 
119 

246 

45 

398 
161 
120 
39 
28 
71 
55 


ILLINOIS— Con. 


4S 


MobBe 








32 




Santa Clara . . . 


GEORGIA 

Bibb 




121 


ARIZONA 


Solano. 




6 




INDIANA 

Allen 












Pima 




Clayton 






Yolo... 




76 


ARKANSAS 


COLORADO 






6 




HAWAD 




10 




Lake 


105 


MUlcr . 


Marshall 


7 


Pulaski 






86 






IDAHO 
Ada 


Vanderburgh 


69 


CAUFORNIA 






10 




IOWA 






Pueblo 






ILUNOIS 






FLORIDA 












Kern 




35 




Lake 


















3S 


Dade 






Polk 


72 








18 


San Diego 


Pinellas 


Rock Island 


Woodbury 


IS 



183 



Table 59. — Number of Full-Time Employees, Detember 31, 1970, Suburban Counties — Con. 



KANSAS 

Butler 

Johnson 

Sedgwick 

Shawnee 

Wyandotte 

KENTUCKY 

Boone 

Boyd - 

Campbell 

Daviess _ 

Fayette 

Henderson 

Jefferson 

Kenton 

LOUISIANA 

Calcasieu.- -.- 

Kast Baton Rouge... 

Jefferson 

Ouachita 

Saint Tammany 

MAINE 

Androscoggin 

Cumberland 

MARYLAND 

Baltimore 

Harford 

Howard 

Montgomery 

Prince Georges 

MICHIGAN 

Bay 

Clinton 

Eaton 

Genesee 

Ingham 

Jackson _ 

Kalamazoo. 

Kent 

Lapeer. 

Macomb 

Oakland 

Saginaw 

Washtenaw 

Wayne 

MINNESOTA 

Anoka 

Clay 

Dakota 

Hennepin 

Olmsted 

Saint Louis 

Washington 



Suburban county by Total em. Suburban county by Total em- Suburban county by Total em- 
State ployees State ployees State ployees 



Clay 

Jackson 

Jefferson.. _ 

Platte 

Saint Charles 

Saint Louis 

MONTANA 

ie 

NEBRASKA 

Douglas 

Lancaster 

NEVADA 

Clark 

NEW JERSEY 

Atlantic 

Bergen 

Camden - 

Cumberland 

Essex 

Gloucester 

Hudson — 

Morris 

Passaic... 

Salem 

Union 

Warren 

NEW YORK 

Broome 

Herkimer 

Livingston 

Madison 

Monroe 

Nassau .■- 

Niagara 

Onondaga 

Rensselaer. 

Rockland 

Schenectady 

Suffolk 

Tioga 

Wayne 

NORTH CAKOUNA 

Cumberland 

Durham 

Forsyth 

Guilford 

Mecklenburg 

Orange 



NORTH CAROLINA— 

Con. 

Union 

Wake. 



NORTH DAKOTA 

Cass.... 

OHIO 



Belmont 

Delaware 

Franklin 

Geauga 

Greene 

Hamilton 

Lake 

Lorain 

Lucas 

Mahoning 

Medina 

Miami 

Montgomery. 

Portage 

Putnam 



OKLAHOMA 



Canadian.. 
Cleveland . 
Comanche . 



Clackamas.. 

Lane 

Marion 

Multnomah. 

Polk.. 

Washington. 



PENNSYLVANIA 

Allegheny 

SOUTH CAROUNA 

Aiken 

Berkeley 

Charleston 

Lexington — 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

Minnehaha -. 

TENNESSEE 

Anderson 

Knox 

Shelby 



Archer _ 

Cameron... 

Ector 

El Paso 

Fort Bend.. 

Grayson 

Hidalgo 

Jefferson 

Johnson 

Lubbock... 
McLennan. 

Nueces 

Potter 

Randall 

Taylor 

Travis 

Wichita.... 



Davis 

Salt Lake. 

Utah 

Weber 



Amherst... 

Campbell 

Chesterfield 

Fairfax 

Hanover.. 

Henrico 

Prince George.. 
Prince William. 



WASHINGTON 



Clark. 

King. 

Pierce 

Snohomish. 
Spokane 



WISCONSIN 



Brown 

Calumet 

Dane 

Kenosha 

Milwaukee 

Outagamie 

Ozaukee.. 

Racine 

Washington 

Waukesha 

Winnebago 

OTHER AREAS 



Canal Zone. 
Guam 



184 



Table 60. — Nvmber of Offenses Known to the Police, 1970, Cities and Towns 25,000 and Over in Population 



Citiet over tBOflOO in population 



Akron, Ohio 

Atlanta, Ga 

Austin, Tex 

Baltimore, Md 

Birmingham, Ala.. 



Boston, Mass 

Buffalo, N.Y 

Chicago, 111 

Ctacinnati, Ohio. 
Cleveland, Ohio.. 

Columbus, Ohio.. 

Dallas, Tex 

Denver, Colo 

Detroit, Mich 

El Paso, Tex 



Fort Worth, Tex... 
Honolulu, Hawaii- 
Houston, Tex 

Indianapolis, Ind.. 
Jacksonville, Fla. . 



Jersey City, N.J... 
Kansas City, Mo_ . 
Long Beach, Calif. 
Los Angeles, Calif. 
Louisville, Ky 



Memphis, Tenn 

Miami, Fla 

Milwaukee, Wis 

Minneapolis, Minn.. 
Nashville, Tenn 



Newark, NJ 

New Orleans, La. 
New York, N.Y- 

Norfolk, Va 

Oakland, Calif.— 



Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Omaha, Nebr. 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Phoenix, Ariz 

Pittsburgh, Pa 



Portland, Oreg 

Rochester, N.Y... 
Sacramento, Calif. 
Saint Louis, Mo_.. 
Saint Paul, Minn.. 



San Antonio, Tex 

San Diego, Calif 

San Francisco, Calif. 

San Jose, Calif 

Seattle, Wash 



Tampa, Fla _ 

Toledo, Ohio 

Tucson, Ariz 

Tulsa, Okla 

Washington, D.C. 

Wichita, Kans...- 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



13,252 
27,378 
6,794 
62,150 
13,362 

38,294 
18,284 
128,017 
17, 396 
44,664 

25,784 
60,391 
37,835 
127,630 



16,652 
16,056 



26,277 
25,223 



16,695 
176, 719 
19,420 

21, 614 
23,903 
20,188 
23,420 
17,703 

31, 781 
35,371 
617, 716 
13,402 

28,712 

11,386 
11,962 
46,734 
29,483 



23,276 
12,442 
11,708 
45,915 
15,060 

27,221 
23,232 
67,136 
14,492 
31, 176 

13,986 
13,407 
8,629 
12,667 
69, 311 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



23,198 
1,236 
6,475 



6,406 
2,073 
1,607 



2,982 
1,194 
12,695 
1,332 



1,818 
1,016 

4,666 
3,632 
74,102 



6,296 
1,160 



5,881 

544 

1,984 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



7,159 
1,509 



4,399 
1,686 
4,881 



2,746 
1,206 
2,211 



1,401 
2,864 



1,814 

2,170 
2,270 
31,265 
1,149 
1,088 



1,137 
3,947 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



11,529 
3,515 

19,041 
4,365 

10,002 
5,959 

35,190 
6,396 

10,765 

9,096 
19,610 
15,111 
50,868 

4,827 

7,301 
6,876 
25,626 
10,309 
11,568 

1,815 
11,265 

6,471 
67,993 

5,399 



8,436 
4,303 
9,723 
6,934 

11,375 
11,086 
181, 694 
4,351 
13,787 

5,666 
3,739 
15,163 
14,097 
8,432 

9,476 
4,564 
4,618 
19,011 
6,927 

11,660 
6,902 

18,844 
6,830 

14, 770 

6,216 
5,742 
3,782 
4,682 
22,348 

4,444 



4,773 
7,251 
962 
13,866 
4,267 

7,643 
6,406 
16, 479 
6,118 
6,234 

8,558 
16,069 
10,669 
26,666 

2,146 

3,126 
5,463 
10,833 
6,063 
6,602 

417 
6,736 
4,118 
43, 876 
6,024 

7,300 
6,281 
9,356 
6,731 
4,394 

6,105 
9,829 
132, 572 
6,371 
6,066 

1,843 
2,889 
6,263 
7,172 
6,571 

7,819 
4,916 
3,933 
4,532 
3,929 

7.353 
10, 613 
14, 515 
2,630 
8,942 

4,404 
4,482 
2,175 
4,781 
9,414 

4,011 



4,693 
12, 714 

8,472 
19,452 

4,248 

4,914 
6,679 

85,606 
8,399 

12, 312 

9,146 
A 996 
11,027 
30,056 

9,204 

12,322 
7,746 
18, 174 
12, 311 
9,692 

1,012 
9,020 
7,762 
50,700 
3,994 

5,293 
6,841 
9,048 
8,924 
3,116 

5,876 
8,592 

60,433 
6,163 

14,160 

8,442 
6,377 
18, 159 
21,467 
4,347 

8,814 
7,696 
8,638 
26,479 
4,665 

14, 962 
16,021 
16,423 
17, 617 
13,189 

7,614 
9,234 
8,644 
4,226 
23,224 



439-758 O - 7t - 13 



Tgble 60.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1970, Cities and Towns 25,000 and Over in Popu/of/ott— Continued 



City 



CUie) 100,000 to 160,000 
in population 

Albany, N.Y 

Albuquerque, N. Mei 

Alexandria, Va 

Allentown, Pa 

Amarillo, Tex 

Anaheim, CalU 

Arlington, Va 

Baton Rouge, La 

Beaumont, Tex 

Berkeley, Calif 

Bridgeport, Conn 

Cambridge, Mass 

Camden, N.J 

Canton, Ohio 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa. 

Charlotte, N.C 

Chattanooga, Tenn 

Colorado Springs, Colo 

Columbia, S.C 

Columbus, Ga. 

Corpus Christl, Tex 

Dayton, Ohio 

Dearborn, Mich 

Des Moines, Iowa 

Duluth, Minn 

Elljiabeth, NJ 

Erie, Pa 

EvansvUle, Ind 

Flint, Mich 

Fort Lauderdale, Fla 

Fort Wayne, Ind 

Fremont, CalU 

Fresno, Calif 

Garden Grove, Calif 

Gary, Ind 

Glendale, Calif 

Grand Rapids, Mich 

Greensboro, N.C 

Hammond, Ind ., 

Hampton, Va 

Hartford, Conn 

Hialeah, Fla 

Hollywood, Fla 

Huntington Beach, Calif... 
HuntsTlUe, Ala 

Independence, Mo 

Jackson, Miss 

Kansas City, Kans 

Enoxville, Tenn 

Lansing, Mich 

Las Vegas, Ner 

Lexington, Ky 

Lincoln, Nebr 

Little Rock, Ark 

Livonia, Mich 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



3,368 
13,363 
6,366 
2,667 
3,991 

7,226 
5,366 
8,377 
3,460 
6,442 

9,922 
7,663 
7,004 
3,418 
1,537 

12,982 
5,132 
6,390 
5,209 
2,673 

9,706 
16,097 
3,618 
6,763 
2,072 

4,727 
2,524 
6,898 
10, 613 
8,633 



8,854 
5,063 
11,472 

3,981 
7,422 
6,623 
4,437 
2,640 

9,305 
4,293 
6,013 
4,073 
6,467 

1,950 
3,636 
7,860 
6,669 



4,331 
6,037 
2,846 
7,607 
3,219 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



breaking 
or entering 



1,629 


630 


434 


6,236 


4,866 


6,446 


1,663 


1,936 


3,307 


841 


1,324 


1,363 


1,697 


1,561 


2,149 


3,390 


2,569 


4,388 


1,493 


2,473 


2,346 


3,783 


2.324 


4,173 


1,751 


644 


3,363 


3,846 


787 


6,919 


2,993 


3,341 


2,028 


2,181 


1,448 


1,18« 


2,726 


1,046 


1,767 


861 


1,670 


1,746 


672 


606 


2,662 


6,430 


4,135 


4,250 


2,756 


482 


1,364 


1,925 


2,286 


2,876 


2,406 


1,342 


2,952 


1,056 


676 


766 


3,905 


3,328 


3,211 


6,813 


4,138 


7,614 


1,075 


1,646 


3,493 


1,963 


3,157 


4,067 


765 


809 


1,669 


1,764 


930 


2,116 


949 


749 


2,282 


1,922 


2,629 


1,933 


4,116 


3,346 


5,358 


3,315 


3,176 


4,312 


2,080 


3,624 


4,769 


1,826 


740 


3,382 


3,346 


3,004 


6,996 


1,931 


2,283 


2,269 


3,412 


2,286 


1,964 


1.696 


1,274 


2,236 


3,737 


1,964 


3,528 


1,906 


1,979 


2,586 


934 


1,602 


1,601 


994 


1,107 


1,812 


2,885 


2,602 


6,328 


1,407 


1,941 


1.260 


2,039 


1.697 


3,499 


1,623 


1,846 


2,909 


2,218 


2,241 


2,684 


801 


892 


1,140 


1,760 


1,162 


3,000 


3,797 


966 


4,611 


2,347 


1,360 


1,603 


3,612 


3,217 


4,093 


1,971 


947 


1,900 


1,867 


2,233 


1,816 


718 


1,516 


3,203 


2,960 


2,973 


3,612 


1,640 


1,074 


1,120 



186 



Table 60.— Number of Offenxs Known to ffce Po/iee, 7970, CiHts and Towns 25,000 and Over in Population— Continued 



Ciliet 100,000 to 150,000 in 
population— Continued 



Lubbock, Tex 

Macon, Ga 

Madison, Wis 

Mobile, Ala 

Montgomery, Ala.. 



New Bedford, Mass. 
New Haven, Conn.. 
Newport News, Va_ , 

Parma, Ohio __. 

Pasadena, Calif 



Paterson, N.J... 

Peoria, 111 - 

Portsmouth, Va_ 
Providence, R.I. 
Raleigh, N.C-.. 



Richmond, Va 

Riverside, Calif 

Rockford, 111 

Saint Petersburg, Fla. 
Salt Lake City, Utah. 

San Bernardino, Caiif- 

Santa Ana, Calif 

Savannah, Ga. 

iScranton, Pa 

Shreveport, La 



South Bend, Ind. 
Spokane, Wash... 
Springfield, Mass. 
Springfield, Mo... 
Stamford, Conn.. 



Stockton, Calif. 

Syracuse, N.Y 

Tacoma, Wash 

Topeka, Kans 

Torrance, Calif 

Trenton, N.J 

Virginia Beach, Va. . 

Warren, Mich 

Waterbury, Conn 

Winston-Salem, N.C. 

Worcester, Mass 

Yonkers, N.Y 

Youngstown, Ohio.- 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



Citii 



> 60,000 to 100,000 in 
population 



Abilene, Tex. _ 

Abington Township, Pa. 

Alameda, Calif.. 

Albany, Ga 

Alhambra, Calif... 

Altoona, Pa 

Amherst, N.Y. 

Anderson, Ind 

Ann Arbor, Mich 

Appleton, Wis 



4,620 
9,187 
4,178 

4,657 
8,473 



7,111 

6,907 
5,902 
4,120 
11,091 
4,390 

15,007 
8,103 
4,167 
7,886 

10, 361 

6,447 
5,619 
5,369 
1,745 
4,667 



6,560 
7,834 
3,688 
3,665 

6,147 
6,480 
6,096 
4,701 



7,424 
4,413 
5,257 
3,336 
6,261 
11,396 
6,477 
5,900 



1,748 
1,067 
1,271 



1,4 

8 

5,763 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



2,254 
2,464 
1,723 
6,282 
1,564 

2,168 
3,783 
1,841 
455 
3,199 

2,705 
2,323 
1,702 
3,926 
1,135 

6,658 
4,069 
1,473 
4,003 
4,169 

2,569 
3,293 
2,022 
604 
2,007 

2,195 
2,432 
3,117 
1,732 
2,206 

2,461 
2,671 
2,611 
1,682 
1,992 

3,333 

946 
1,670 
1,390 
2,012 
4,612 
2,089 
2,575 



2,297 
1,734 
1,809 

1,057 
1,910 
1,618 



1,644 

1,248 
1,256 
2,304 

4,340 

2,529 
1,711 
2,009 
3,927 

2,285 



1,110 

1,847 
2,143 
1,402 
1,644 



1,785 
2,902 
2,366 
890 
1,722 
2,260 
2,314 



2,665 
1,361 
3,670 



1,214 
3,336 
2,539 
932 
4,072 

1,341 

2,723 
1,691 
4,913 
1,710 

6,068 
4,013 
3,633 
5,208 
6,585 

2,364 



3,343 
4,249 



4,079 
4,743 
2,865 
2,763 
2,197 

1,562 
3,168 
2,362 
692 
2,030 
2,084 
2,717 



3,400 
1,365 



Table 60.— Number of Offense* Known to ffce Police, 1970, Citiet and Towns 25,000 and Over in Popu/of/on— Continued 



cafes 60,000 to 100,000 in 
pojmWiOTi— Continued 



Arlington, Mass 

Arlington, Tex 

Arlington Heights, 111. 

AshevUle, N.C 

Augusta, Ga- 



Aurora, Colo. 

Aurora, 111 

Bakersfield, Calif.. 

Bayonne, N.J 

Bellevue, Wash 



Berwyn, 111 

Bethlehem, Pa 

Billings, Mont 

Blnghamton, N.Y. 
Bloomfleld, NJ... 



Bloomington, Minn. . 

Boise, Idaho 

Boulder, Colo. 

Bristol, Conn 

Bristol Township, Pa 



Brockton, Mass 

Brookllne, Mass 

Brownsville, Tex . . 
Buena Park, Calif. 
Buibank, Calif 



Champaign, 111 

Charleston, S.C 

Charleston, W. Va._ 
Cheektowaga, N.Y. 
Cherry Hill, N.J... 



Chesapeake, Va 

Chester, Pa 

Chlcopee, Mass 

Chula Vista, Calif. 
Cicero, 111 



Clarkstown, N.Y 

Clearwater, Fla 

Cleveland Heights, Ohio. 

CUfton, N.J 

Colonic Town, N.Y 



Columbia, Mo 

Compton, Calif 

Concord, Calif 

Costa Mesa, Calif 

Council Bluffs, Iowa. 



Covington, Ky... 

Cranston, R.I 

Daly City. Calif.. 
Danbury, Conn.. 
Davenport, Iowa. 



Dearborn Heights, Mich.. 

Decatur, III 

Des Plalnes, 111 

Downey, Calif. 

Dubuque, Iowa 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



1,812 
1,268 

2,729 
1,678 
3,847 



1,278 
2,072 
1,369 



1,840 

2,115 
3,659 
1,671 
1,727 
2,454 

1,898 
3,422 
2,818 
1,237 
2,227 

2,064 
3,416 
1,218 
1,863 
1.041 

846 
1,813 
1,286 
1,200 



1,243 
10,092 
3,627 



1,488 

2,186 

907 

2,726 

2,039 
2,376 
1,167 
3,306 
1,262 



Criminal homicide 



Man- 
slaughter 
by 

negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



3,329 
1.408 
1,327 



1,004 

404 

1,166 



1,260 
1,210 



1,469 
1.633 



1,753 
1,003 



1,452 
2,033 
2,697 



1,404 

1,878 



1,179 
1,919 



3,087 
2,661 
1,816 
1,211 

1,324 



1.561 
2,021 



188 



Table 60.— Number of Offense% Known to the Police, 1970, Cities and Towns 25,000 and Over in Population— Continued 





Total 
Crime 
Index 


Criminal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 


Larceny— theft 




City 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 
by 

negligence 


$60 and 
over 


Under 
$60 


Auto theft 


Cities 60,000 to lOOfiCO in 
population— Continued 


3,646 
961 
3,449 
4,470 
1,666 

1,362 
1,270 
814 
2,178 
1,028 

666 
3,398 
1,991 
2,244 
1,621 

4,670 
846 

2,627 
806 

1,188 

1,408 
2,832 
1,308 
3,360 
3,867 

1,876 
1,700 
1,673 
837 
1,196 

3,937 
630 

1,786 
2,067 
2,778 

490 
2,193 
6,028 
1,891 
2,403 

2,736 
6,168 
871 
2,413 
1,786 

2,688 
4,349 
1,722 
1,118 
821 

2,499 

1,603 

600 


16 


11 
1 

8 
1 
5 


18 
3 
26 
80 

7 

20 
12 
2 
31 

8 

2 
14 
17 

9 


136 
9 
371 
460 
39 

24 
64 
9 
99 
47 

11 
62 
111 
34 
14 

80 
9 
96 
13 

22 

14 

90 
22 
119 
247 

26 
33 
40 

8 

238 
12 
36 
71 

273 

3 
96 
140 
34 
44 

121 
461 
9 
40 
114 

167 
188 
97 
38 

7 

93 
64 
23 


386 
36 

227 
289 
16 

29 
114 

32 
146 

42 

8 
44 
113 

76 
9 

68 
11 
687 
21 
63 

30 

66 
72 
296 
316 

162 
83 
68 
23 
6 

243 
12 
6 
261 
262 

10 
64 

166 
49 
37 

229 
120 

18 
190 

38 

143 

618 
47 
36 
2 

233 
61 
21 


1,469 

367 

1,270 

1,631 

640 

602 
311 
273 

772 
422 

164 

1,030 

842 

673 

662 

1,927 
176 
679 
279 
461 

466 

640 

649 

1,298 

1,494 

639 
678 
620 
239 
637 

1,416 
266 
786 
600 

1,212 

101 
736 

1,664 
772 

1,086 

964 
1,622 
189 
799 
738 

808 
1,668 
647 
616 
321 

1,214 
726 
182 


1,141 
424 
949 
634 

676 

616 
649 
402 
427 
218 

83 

2,002 
460 

1,163 
624 

966 
661 
806 
387 
480 

646 
1,6% 

378 
1,366 
1,478 

866 
681 
629 
609 
490 

1,369 
260 
633 

1,042 
667 

290 
829 
2,284 
880 
696 

1,149 
1,681 

682 
1,046 

491 

1,084 

1,646 

664 

386 

381 

646 
498 
30 


1,614 
409 

1,261 
627 
416 

1,001 
944 
664 
684 
660 

868 
2,717 
3,010 
1,691 

487 

639 
1,141 
666 
961 
826 

492 
2,213 

464 
2,113 
1,243 

1,163 

926 

1,413 

678 

669 

882 
318 
836 
1,636 
921 

219 
674 
3,323 
924 
669 

2,029 
1,626 
1,027 
1,614 
908 

1,208 
3,486 
1,896 
1,081 
1,609 

1,400 
889 
672 


393 




123 




6 
36 

1 

1 
1 


602 




1,340 


Edison, N.J 


279 


El Cajon, Calif 


171 


Elgin, 111.... 


1 

2 
1 
3 

4 

1 
2 


119 


Elmhurst, 111 


96 


El Monte, Calil 


8 

1 


696 


Elyria, Ohio 

Euclid, Ohio 


290 
427 




6 
6 

1 


261 




453 




299 




3 

1 
2 


312 


Fall Hiver, Mass 


2 


8 
6 
13 

1 
10 

3 

10 
6 
8 

21 

8 
7 
11 
3 


1,620 


Fargo, N. Dak 


94 


FayettevlUe, N.C. 


8 
1 


238 






104 


Fort Smith, Ark 


4 

6 
2 


162 






280 


Fulierton, Calif 


3 
5 
10 
16 

2 
6 


328 




177 


Gainesville, Fla 


4 
3 

1 
4 
2 


264 




297 


Garland, Tex 


182 




212 


Great Falls, Mont 


316 






61 








166 


Greenville, S.C 


23 


9 
2 
6 
6 


26 
1 
3 
9 

16 


634 




100 


Hamilton, N.J 


2 
6 
8 

1 

1 


320 




189 




460 


Haverlord Township, Pa 




86 


2 
1 

10 
3 

2 


7 

18 
7 
6 

16 
19 

7 
16 

3 

24 
17 
3 
6 


471 


Hayward, Calif 


766 


High Point, N.C 


10 
3 

3 

4 


139 




632 


Huntington, W. Va 


263 




1,261 






66 




8 
2 

7 
6 
2 


7 
3 

1 
4 


316 




399 


JoUet, 111 


366 




318 




362 




1 
3 


139 






110 




6 
10 
1 


18 
7 
2 


290 




1 
4 


147 


Lakewood, Ohio.. 


241 



189 



Table 60.— Number of Offenses Known to 


the Police, 


7970, Cities and Towns 25,000 and Oyer in Population— Continued 




Total 
Crime 
Index 


Crlmtaal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 


Larceny— theft 




City 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 


$50 and 
over 


Under 

$50 


Auto theft 


CUies 60,000 to 100,009 in 
population—Continued 


1,077 
1,306 
1,962 
3,138 
1,888 

2,023 
2,664 
2,620 
1,366 
843 

4,288 

829 

1,290 

1,961 

886 

1,304 

1,829 

1,090 

2,892 

609 

807 
1,626 
3,493 

987 
1,690 

2,168 
2,089 
422 
2,867 
2,106 

2,666 
3,266 
1,144 
2,036 
2,682 

874 

993 

1,134 

2,269 

2,684 

2,660 
6,466 

913 
1,389 

972 

3,362 
2,462 
766 
1,468 
2,499 

1,661 

810 

2,243 

2,070 

849 


1 

1 
2 
6 
1 

1 
3 
3 
2 
8 

3 


2 


10 
1 

1 
32 
6 

13 

22 
10 
4 
4 

9 
2 
6 
9 
3 

6 
3 
3 
10 

7 

3 

9 
1 
9 

4 

19 


64 
14 
37 
120 
140 

81 
141 
63 

27 
40 

146 
26 
26 
70 
11 

42 
36 
19 
132 

7 

16 
13 
79 
16 
37 

82 

119 

7 

106 

90 

23 
177 
7 
70 
48 

18 
92 
42 

87 
49 

67 
267 
11 
13 
32 

77 
71 
10 
34 
136 

36 
43 
119 
62 
4 


46 
66 
36 
310 
41 

66 
136 
66 
26 
66 

139 
8 
32 

291 
1 

36 
66 
61 
44 

7 

69 

9 

113 

216 

36 

39 
112 

18 
104 

77 

66 

198 
17 

179 
88 

48 
29 
76 
79 
122 

69 
476 
2 
65 
64 

122 
60 
10 
68 

207 

20 
16 
107 
96 
18 


436 

699 

690 

1,206 

787 

440 
836 
773 
432 
397 

1,992 
194 
620 
671 
277 

396 

660 

326 

1,637 

276 

393 

464 

1,229 

372 

429 

633 
724 
134 
1,367 
627 

1,049 

1,201 

462 

723 

1,262 

323 
410 
629 
804 
1,134 

1,351 

2,492 

370 

406 

354 

1,643 
802 
307 
667 
860 

612 
403 
870 
1,220 
337 


433 

398 

337 

1,239 

784 

1,062 
769 
720 
614 
283 

800 
267 
653 
766 
340 

687 
806 
673 
760 
266 

246 
767 
1,741 
228 
766 

769 
769 
106 
882 
972 

916 
1,379 
686 
860 
982 

326 
276 
241 
878 
939 

963 
1,867 
431 
805 
461 

1,064 

1,260 

337 

425 

663 

328 
161 
960 
608 
367 


1,066 

431 

266 

1,632 

1,233 

1,126 

1,142 

681 

546 

843 

1,163 
121 
663 
893 
174 

447 
2,036 
1,088 
2,138 

240 

491 

662 

2,657 

1,727 

1,333 

626 
631 
176 
817 
687 

485 
1,496 

619 
1,160 

897 

861 

896 

2,644 

2,647 

1,122 

2,436 

2,461 

1,679 

897 

664 

1.306 
1,882 

234 
1,037 

681 

1,116 
189 

1,456 
510 
383 




Laredo, Tei 






1 
10 








Lima, Ohio 




Lincoln Park, Mich 


1 
4 
6 
1 
4 

1 




Lorain, Olilo 






1,006 
362 


Lower Merlon Township, Pa . . 












2 

7 


10 




Mansfield, Ohio. 


248 




6 

2 
4 
2 
4 

2 


264 




1 
2 
2 
4 
2 

3 


238 










Miami Beach, Fla. 


416 


Middletown Township, N.J... 
Midland, Tex. . 


46 

78 


Milford, Conn 


281 


Modesto, Calif. 


1 
8 
2 

4 
2 
3 

2 


4 

2 


321 
148 


Mountain View, Calif 


321 


Mount Vemon, N.Y 




637 






314 




2 
2 


164 




8 
2 

7 
6 
2 
19 
12 

9 
2 
3 
17 
14 

11 
20 
1 
5 
3 

18 
11 
4 
16 
11 

3 
3 
7 
7 
4 


399 


New HocheUe, N.Y 


338 








506 


Niagara FaUs, N.Y 


2 
4 
14 
3 

1 


2 
3 

2 


293 




76 


North Little Rock, Ark 


171 
297 


Oak Lawn, 111 




149 


Oak Park, m. 




184 




7 
3 
2 


1 
3 


137 


Ogden, Utah 


391 


Ontario, Calif 


324 


Orange, Calif 




219 




10 


6 


344 


Oshkosh, Wis 


98 




2 
2 

2 


2 
2 


103 




66 


Oinard, Calif... . 


426 


Palo Alto, Calif. 


1 

4 

2 


258 


Parslppany-Troy Hills, N J. .. 




88 




2 

4 

3 

1 
9 
6 


378 


Passaic, N. J 


618 


Pawtucket, E.l... 


660 


Penn Hills Township, Pa 


6 
6 
2 

4 


184 
181 


Pine Blufl, Ark... 


81 


Plttsfield, Mass 


129 



190 



Table 60.— Number of Offenses Known fo fhe Police, 1970, Cities and Towns 25,000 and Over in Population — Continued 



City 



CUits 60,000 to 100,000 in 
popuiatitm — Continued 



Pomona, Calif. 

Pontiac, Mich 

Port Arthur, Tex-. 
Portland, Maine... 
Provo, Utah 



Pueblo, Colo 

Qulncy, Mass 

Racine, Wis 

Reading, Pa 

Redford Township, Mich. 



Redondo Beach, Calif. 
Redwood City, Calif. . 

Reno, Nev _ 

Richmond, Calif. 

Roanoke, Va 



Rochester, Minn.. 
Rocklsland, ni.- 

Rome, N.Y 

Roseville, Mich... 
Royal Oak, Mich. 



Saglnaw, Mich 

Saint Clah: Shores, Mich. 

Saint Joseph, Mo 

Salem, Oreg 

Salinas, CaUf... 



San Angelo, Tex 

San Leandro, Calif 

San Mateo, Calif 

Santa Barbara, Calif. 
Santa Clara, Calif 



Santa Monica, Calif.. 
Santa Rosa, Calif.... 
Schenectady, N.Y... 

Scottsdale, Ariz 

Sioui City, Iowa 



Sioux Falls, S. Dak.. 

SkoMe, ni... 

Somerville, Mass 

Southfleld, Mich 

South Gate, Calif... 



Springfield, 111.- 

Springfield, Ohio 

Sterlhig Heights, Mich. 

Sunnyvale, Calif 

Tallahassee, Fla 



Taylor, Mleh 

Tempe, Ariz _ 

Terre Haute, Ind 

Tonawanda Town, N.Y.. 
Troy, N.Y 



Tuscaloosa, Ala 

Tyler, Tex... 

Union City, N.J 

Union Township, N.J 

Upper Darby Township, Pa. 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



1,920 

1,445 

4S0 



2,721 
3,350 
3,171 
1,602 



3,166 
2,095 
3,213 
5,322 
3,721 

803 



4,113 
1,945 
1,983 
1,969 
2,402 

1,377 
2,731 
3,096 
2,412 
2,643 

5,588 
2,167 
1,175 
2,090 
2,047 

1,096 
1,815 
2,837 
2,720 
2,616 

2,553 
1,592 
1,730 
1,746 
2,231 

2,627 
2,711 
2,189 
1,167 
1,378 

2,108 
1,758 
1,582 
1,404 
1,659 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



1,575 
2,863 



1,226 
1,153 



1,324 
2,331 
1,549 



773 
1,124 
1,377 
1,025 
1,038 

1,768 



1,251 
1,618 



1,203 
1,180 
1,061 



1,006 
1,277 
1,056 



2,380 
1,172 



1,335 



2,392 
2,484 
2,706 



1,943 
2,309 



1,668 
1,276 



2,423 
2,618 



2,110 
1,750 



1,631 
2,034 



1,182 
1,540 



3,340 
1,277 



765 
626 

432 

1,017 

155 

593 

1,375 



191 



Table 60.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1970, Cities and Towns 25,000 and Over in Population — Continued 



CUki 60.000 to 100,000 in 
population— Continned 

UHca, N.Y 

VaUejo, CaUl 

Ventura, CalU 

Waco, Tex 

Waltham, Mass 

Warren, Ohio 

Warwick, R.l 

Waterford Township, Mich-. 

Waterloo, Iowa 

Waukegan, 111 

Wauwatosa, Wis 

West Allis, Wis 

West Covins, Calif 

West Hartford, Conn 

West Haven, Conn 

Westland, Mich 

Westminster, Calif. 

West Pahn Beach, Fla 

Weymouth, Mass 

White Plains, N.Y 

Whltticr, Calif 

Wichita Falls, Tex 

Wilkes-Barre, Pa 

Wlhnington, Del 

Woodbridgc Township, NJ. 

Wyoming, Mich 

York, Pa 

CUU> 11,000 to 50,000 in 
popvialion 

Aberdeen, S. Dak 

Alexandria, La 

Allen Park, Mich 

Alliance, Ohio _ 

Alton, ni 

Ames, Iowa 

Amsterdam, N.Y 

Anchorage, Alaska 

Anderson, S.C 

Annapolis, Md 

Anniston, Ala 

Antioch, Calif 

Arcadia, Calif 

Arvada, Colo 

Ashland, Ky 

Athens, Oa 

Atlantic City, N J 

Attleboro, Mass 

Auburn, N.Y 

Austin, Minn 

Azusa, Calif 

Baldwin Borough, Pa 

Baldwin Park, Calif 

Bangor, Maine 

Barberton, Ohio 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



3,181 
2,216 
3,772 
1,269 

2,122 
2,361 
2,228 
1,730 
2,226 

991 

997 

2,410 

1,053 

1,0«9 



2,089 
2,679 



2,186 
1,658 



6,990 
1,771 



1,170 
1,658 



1,603 
1,158 



1,204 
1,229 



1,678 
6,644 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 
by 



Forcible 
rape 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



Larceny— theft 



1,174 


1,990 


1,125 


844 


1,171 


2,139 


328 


300 


850 


522 


1,333 


1,175 


1,072 


1,168 


759 


1,457 


863 


1,116 


652 


669 


698 


1,439 


1,147 


1,400 



1,014 
2,563 



1,411 
2,261 



192 



Table 60. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1970, Cities and Towns 25,000 and Over in Population — Continued 



CUlu 16,000 to 60.000 in 
popwto/foTi— Continued 



Bartlesvtlle, Okla 

Battle Creek, Mich 

Bay City, Mich 

Baytown, Tex 

Beavercreck Township, Ohio. 



BeUevUle, Ul 

BeUevUle, N.J 

Belllngham, Wash- 
Belmont, Mass 



Belolt, Wis 

Bensalem Township, Pa. 

Bergenfleld, N J 

Bessemer, Ala 

Bethel Park, Pa 



Beverly, Mass 

Beverly Hills, CallL-. 

Big Spring, Tex 

Blloxi,Miss 



Birmingham, Mich 

Bismarck, N. Dak 

Bloomflcld Township, Mlch- 

Bloomlngton, 111-- 

Bloomlngton, Ind 



Boca Raton, Fla 

Bossier City, La 

Bountiful, Utah 

Bowling Green, Ky- 
Bralntree, Mass 



Bremerton, Wash - 

Brldgewater Township, N.J. 

Brighton, N.Y 

Brookfleld, Wis 

Brooklyn Center, Minn 



Brookljm Park, Minn. 

Brook Park, Ohio 

Bryan, Texas 

Burlingame, Calif 

Burlington, Iowa 



Burlington, N.C 

Burlington, Vt 

Calumet City, 111 

Cape Girardeau, Mo.. 
Casper, Wyo 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



Cedar Falls, Iowa 

Chapel Hill, N.C 

Charlottesville, Va. . _ - . 

Chelmsford, Mass 

Chelsea, Mass 

Cheltenham Township, Pa.. 

Cheyenne, Wyo 

Chicago Heights, 111 

Clarksvllle, Tenn 

Clinton, Iowa 

See footnote at end of table. 



2,109 
1,173 



66S 
1,139 



1,237 

366 

1,134 



1,337 
1,106 



1,011 
1,783 



1,373 
1,013 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 




Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



1,160 
1,433 



193 



Table 60. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1970, Cities and Towns 25,000 and Over in Population— Coni'mued 



CUiet 16,000 to 60,000 in 
pop«Z(i<((m— Continued 

Clinton Township, Mich 

CloTis, N. Mex 

Columbus, Ind 

Columbus, Miss 

Concord, N.H 

Coon Rapids, Minn 

Coral Gables, Fla 

Corona, Calif 

Corrallis, Oreg 

Covina, Calif.- 

Cranford Township, N.J... 

Crystal, Minn 

Culver City, CaUf 

Cumberland, Md 

Cumberland, R.I 

Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio 

Cypress, Calif 

Danvers, Mass - 

Danville, 111 

Danville, Va _ 

Daytona Beach, Fla 

Decatur, Ala 

Dedham, Mass 

DeKalb, ni 

Del City, Okla 

Delhi Township, Ohio 

Denton, Texas 

DeWItt, N.Y 

Dothan, Ala 

Dover Township, N.J 

Downers Grove, 111 

East Brunswick Township, 

N.J 

East Chicago, Ind 

East Cleveland, Ohio 

East Detroit, Mich 

East Haven Town, Coim... 

East Lansing, Mich 

Easton, Pa 

East Point, Ga 

East Providence, R.I 

Eau Claire, Wis 

Edlna, Minn 

El Cerrito, Calif 

El Dorado, Ark 

Elkhart, Ind 

Elmlra, N.Y 

Elmwood Park, 111 

Enfield, Conn 

Englewood, Colo 

Enid, Okla 

Escondldo, Calif 

Everett, Mass 

Evergreen Park, ni 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



3.123 
1,020 
1.177 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Burglary— 
breaking 
or entering 



Incomplete 



Larceny— theft 



194 



Table 60. — Number of Offenses Known lo the Police, 1970, Cities and Towns 25,000 and Over in Population — Continued 



Cities 15,000 to 10,000 in 
population— Continmi 



Ewlng Township, N.J. 
Falrbom, Ohio... 



Fairfield, CaUf 

Fair Lawn, N.J 

Fairmont, W. Va 

Falls To\vnship, Pa... 
Farmers Branch, Tex.. 



Fayetteville, Ark. 

Ferguson, Mo 

Femdale, Mich... 
Flndlay, Ohio 



Fltchburg, Mass. 
Flagstaff, Ariz... 

Florence, Ala 

Florence. S.C... 



Fond du Lac, Wis.. 
Fort Collins, Colo- 
Fort Dodge, lowa. 

Fort Lee, N.J 

Fort Myers, Fla... 



Fort Fierce, Fla 

Fountain Valley, Calif.... 
Franklin Township, N.J- 

Freeport, 111... 

Freeport, N.Y 



Fridley, Minn 

Galesburg, 111 

Gardena, CaUf 

Garden City, Mich- 
Garden City, N.Y- 



Garfleld, N.J 

Garfield Heights, Ohio... 

Oastonia, N.C 

Genesee Township, Mich. 



Glen Cove, N.Y 

Glendale, Ariz 

Glendora, Calif 

Gloucester, Mass. 

Gloucester Township, N.J. 



Ooldsboro, N.C 

Grand Forks, N. Dak. 
Grand Island, Nebr... 

Granite City, 111 

Greeley, Colo 



Greenburgh, N.Y 

Greenville, Miss 

Greenville, N.C 

Groton Town, Conn.. 
Gulfport, Miss 



Hackensack, N.J 

Hagerstown, Md.. 

Haltom City, Tex , 

Hamburg Town, N.Y., 
Hamden, Conn 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



1,062 
1,080 



793 

3ei 

610 

1,230 

846 

673 

1,444 

1,336 

1,371 

S77 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



Man- 
slaughter 
by 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Incomplete 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



144 


326 


748 


119 


238 




642 


51 


289 


95 


213 


43 


788 


327 


757 


74 


417 


43 


438 


486 


1,177 


108 


188 


86 


101 


75 


321 


113 


1,043 


171 


87 


15 


224 


88 


764 


165 


402 


69 


148 


154 


182 


82 


429 


85 


979 


109 


614 


66 


969 


296 


1,016 


137 


376 


110 


688 


24 


823 


182 


208 


63 


393 


112 


328 


292 


638 


69 


626 


274 


332 


40 


482 


112 



195 



Table 60.— Number of Offenses 


Known to the Police, 


1970, Cities and Towns 25,000 and Over in Population— Conimued 




Total 
Crime 
Index 


Criminal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary— 
breaking 
or entering 


Larceny — theft 




City 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 


$50 and 
over 


Under 
$50 


Auto theft 


Cities ts,000 to 60,000 fn 
popuiatiim — Continued 


2,196 
779 

2,637 
768 

1,290 

199 
2,006 

699 
3.486 

533 

992 
1,728 

628 
1,086 

623 

1,861 

673 

804 

1,149 

3,028 

781 
836 
1,723 
943 
376 

626 
696 
760 
617 
222 

1,196 

1,073 

417 

870 

620 

873 
1,342 
282 
609 
616 

426 

836 

943 

1,312 

1,239 

1,404 

1,106 

1,061 

784 

461 

1,460 

1,654 

860 

364 

866 


9 
1 
2 
8 




11 
10 
23 


321 

6 

183 

9 
8 

2 

116 

6 

685 

7 

14 
89 
2 
46 
22 

171 
11 
20 
19 

306 

6 
16 

99 
44 

7 

3 
16 
18 
34 

3 

17 
61 

4 
21 

6 

33 
48 
14 
13 
3 

12 
26 
111 

22 
39 

83 
64 

8 
12 

6 

38 
36 
27 

1 
8 


193 
90 

343 
28 


647 
316 
738 
312 
690 

81 
647 
183 
1,166 
263 

369 
646 
189 
407 
288 

695 
214 
494 
363 
1,662 

226 
262 
646 
390 
194 

272 
191 
263 
239 
136 

429 
211 
84 
301 
157 

344 

458 
102 
212 
207 

189 
264 
322 
428 
397 

674 
399 
442 
213 
136 

638 
299 
140 
145 
368 


527 
299 
635 
335 
345 

93 
819 
470 
987 
186 

481 
219 
271 
410 
226 

434 
324 
222 
671 
549 

433 

466 
816 
387 
108 

274 
300 
274 
109 
64 

582 
466 
207 
366 
226 

361 
658 
103 
261 
231 

166 
389 
267 
689 
696 

679 
455 
471 
369 
197 

612 
1,007 
260 
167 
298 


827 
486 
468 
366 
302 

66 
394 
334 
1,268 
360 

567 
186 
499 
267 
176 

669 

231 

1,641 

1,007 

1,176 

684 
662 
1,126 
636 
73 

902 
580 
268 
191 
71 

1,011 
263 
211 
279 
441 

404 
624 
362 
209 
428 

606 
597 
224 
891 
651 

1,177 
268 
878 
406 
188 

853 
974 
179 
371 
380 




Harlingen, Tei 

Harvey, 111 


3 
3 


57 


Hattlesburg, Miss 


66 


Haverhill, Muss .. 














1 
13 

1 
14 

3 

3 

4 


6 
42 
3 
167 
17 

44 
137 
31 

96 
45 

78 
22 
8 
23 
331 

37 
14 
138 

49 
27 

11 
67 
93 
24 
11 

65 
205 
74 
15 
26 

60 
79 
23 
54 
42 

15 
4 

63 
6 

47 

22 
84 
26 
106 
20 

7 
42 
90 
12 

8 




Hempstead, N.Y 


3 






Highland, Park 111 




37 


Highland Park, Mich 

Hllo, Hawaii 


12 
1 

4 
6 


1 
1 


664 


Hobbs, N. Mex 


77 




1 

2 

1 
2 




Holland, Mich 


36 


Hot Springs, Ark 


6 
6 

4 


12 


110 


Honma, La 


37 


Huntington Park, Calil- 


14 
1 

2 
3 

28 

4 
6 
16 

8 


466 


Hurst, Tex 




101 




1 
1 
6 


1 






79 


Inkster, Mich . 


1 


246 




77 


Ithaca, N.Y 






81 




4 
3 




106 




3 


62 


Jamestown, N.Y. 


40 


Janesvllle, Wis 


1 
1 
4 




1 
2 
4 


63 




2 
2 

1 


30 




104 




111 




1 


2 

3 

9 

1 


16 


Joplin, Mo 


4 


100 


Kankakee, m 


3 
2 
1 
1 

3 

2 
2 
1 
1 


118 


Kannapolis, N.C 




45 


Kcamy. N.J 




16' 




1 


8 

10 
23 

7 


96 


Key West, Fla--- 


62 


Killeen, Tex 




174 




1 
1 


31 


Kingston, N.Y 


78 


Klngsvillc, Tex 


1 
3 


30 


Klrkwood, Mo 




51 




2 
3 


1 


161 




2 
5 
11 

3 
6 
4 

2 


186 






163 


La Habra, Calif 


1 

2 

1 




149 




1 
2 


141 


Lakewood, NJ 


98 


La Mesa, Calit 


111 






4 

1 

8 

1 


82 






104 




2 
3 

1 
1 


6 
4 
3 


167 




163 




49 






28 


Leominster. Mass 




1 


183 



196 



Table 60.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1970, Cities and Towns 25,000 and Over in Population— Continued 



City 



Cities 15,000 to 50,000 in 
population— CoDtinued 



Lewiston, Idaho.. 
Lewiston, Maine.. 
Lexington, Mass.. 

Linden, N.J 

Littleton, Colo... 



Llvermore, CaliJ-. 
Livingston, N.J.. 
Lockport, N.Y... 

Lodi, Calif 

Lodl, N.J 



Lombard, HI 

Lompoc, Calif 

Long Beach, N.Y. 
Long Branch, N.J. 
Longview, Tex 



Longview, Wash 

Lower Paxton Township, Pa. 

Lynwood, Calif _ 

Madison Heights, Mich 

Madison Township, N.J 



Manchester Township, Conn. 

Manhattan, Kans 

Manhattan Beach, CaUf 

Manitowoc, Wis 

Mankato, Minn 



Maple Heights, Ohio.. 

Maplewood, Minn 

Marietta, Ga 

Marion, Ind_ 

Marion, Ohio 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



Marlborough , Mass 

Marple Township, Pa. 

Marshalltown, Iowa 

Mason City, Iowa 

Massillon, Ohio 



Maywood, 111 , 

McAUen, Tex 

McKeesport, Pa 

Medford, Oreg _. 

Melbourne, Fla.. 

Melrose, Mass 

Menlo Park, Calif 

Menomonee Falls, Wis 

Mentor, Ohio 

Meridian, Miss 

Methuen, Mass 

Michigan City, Ind 

Middletown, Conn 

Middletown, R.I _. 

Middletown, Ohio 

Middletown Township, Pa. 

Midland, Mich 

Midwest City, Okla 

Millcreek Township, Pa 

Milpitas, CaUf 



2,446 
1,181 



1,020 
1,397 



1,822 

938 

1,041 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



1,099 
1,306 



Table 60. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 


1970, Cities and To 


yfns 25,000 and over in Population — Continued 




Total 
Crime 
Index 


Criminal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 


Larceny— theft 




City 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 


$50 and 
over 


Under 
$60 


Auto theft 


Cilies SSflOO to 60,000 in 
popu^adon— Continued 

MUton, Mass 


367 
436 

320 
836 
945 

1,276 

939 

944 

1,813 

1,581 

1,257 
781 
397 
689 
222 

605 
2,563 

969 
1,013 

602 

1,626 

527 

1,127 

1,220 

696 

1,192 

233 

3,088 

1,753 

986 

195 
1,265 

858 
1,854 
3,077 

770 
166 
717 
306 
1,318 

267 
608 

256 

231 

2,150 

1,800 

1,632 

361 

353 

1,287 

560 
886 
671 
334 
948 




3 




10 
4 


6 


164 
145 
104 
326 
246 

616 
408 
423 
700 
529 

429 
266 
122 
276 
103 

151 
904 
301 
463 

158 

472 
189 
432 
376 
414 

350 
106 
989 
671 
306 

74 
488 
385 
638 
1,316 

223 
70 

209 
63 

416 

121 
126 

104 

122 

1,129 

722 
468 
82 
168 
636 

156 
240 
290 
138 
369 


116 
262 
154 
364 
620 

600 
248 
360 
691 
793 

612 
460 
189 
319 
81 

350 
1,103 
459 
391 
290 

689 
268 
415 
570 
185 

679 
99 
986 
458 
326 

86 
477 
206 
756 
1,461 

418 
24 
216 
163 
439 

111 
219 

91 
96 
495 

647 
617 
200 
112 
468 

228 
404 
301 
146 
383 


86 
188 
429 
861 
1,108 

886 
388 
302 

449 
690 

445 
672 
111 
341 
73 

272 
1,684 
427 
928 
126 

1,048 
282 
412 
761 
836 

629 
235 
735 
387 
261 

483 
399 
491 
769 
1,714 

291 
257 
165 
108 
198 

252 
193 

170 
91 
632 

1,078 
832 
321 
169 
643 

201 
271 
739 
125 
734 




Minnpt.onka, Minn 




2 
4 
4 
6 

2 
7 
2 
8 
6 

3 

2 
6 
3 




Mlnot, N. Dak 






12 
10 
4 

78 
75 
4 
62 
48 

12 
14 
29 
23 
4 

43 

290 
54 
47 
2 

36 




Mlshawaka, Ind 


1 
3 

2 
3 
1 
1 
2 




22 
12 

24 
54 
55 
79 
36 

30 
3 
4 
8 








155 

163 
144 

99 
272 
168 


Moline, ru 






2 

2 
2 
1 


Montclalr, N.J 






Monterey Park, Calif 


Moorheart, Minn ... 








Morgantown, W. Va 


3 






Morton Grove, 111 




61 


Mount Lebanon Township, Pa. 






34 


Mount Prospect, 111 




1 




8 
110 
23 
13 
5 

122 

1 

101 

37 

9 

10 
2 
266 
86 
40 

6 
36 
36 
84 
28 

2 
7 

32 
2 

31 

2 
47 

13 

1 
86 

114 
63 
4 
12 
14 

2 
45 
3 
4 
60 


53 


Muskegon, Mich 


3 
3 

1 


14 
6 
6 
4 

13 


129 




4 




Napa, Calif 




Natick, Mass 


2 


143 


National City, CaUf 


4 


291 


Needham, Mass 


2 


69 


Neptune Township, N.J 




10 
6 
2 

7 
2 
6 


57 
7 
28 

136 
8 
109 
313 
70 

19 
113 

36 
110 
60 

45 
36 
77 
12 
12 

3 
35 

2 

7 

103 

64 
76 
3 
12 
28 

14 
4 

12 
2 
31 


112 


New Albany, Ind 


4 
1 


2 
1 








Newark, Ohio 


110 


New Berlin, Wis 






16 


New Brunswick, N.J 


6 
7 
2 

1 




738 






219 


New Castle, Pa 


4 

1 




241 


New Iberia, La . 




11 




5 


147 




5 

1 
1 


2 
1 


191 


Newport, R.I 




265 




16 


196 


NUes,Ill 


4 


82 






2 
11 
4 


17 








172 








61 


North Bergen Township, N.J. 


2 


1 


418 


Northbrook, ni 


1 
1 

2 


19 


North Chicago, 111 


1 


1 

3 

1 
2 


79 


North Huntingdon, Town- 
ship, Pa . -. 


43 




1 
2 

2 


6 


North Las Vegas, Nev 


13 


322 


North Miami, Fla 


251 


North Miami Beach, Fla 




4 


304 


North Ohnsted, Ohio 




1 


72 






6 
7 


44 




1 


3 


143 




160 


Norwood, Ohio 


3 




1 
2 


189 


Novate, Calif 




63 


Nutley, N.J 






44 


Oak Park, Mich 








105 



198 



Table 60. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1970, Cities and Towns 25,000 and over in Population — Continued 



CUiea il,000 to 60,000 in 
population— Contlnu^A 

Oak Ridge, Tenn 

Oceanside, Calif 

Orange, N.J 

Orangetown, N.Y 

Orein, Utah,. 

Ottumwa, Iowa 

Paciflca, Call! 

Paducah, Ky 

Panama City, Fla 

Paramus, N.J 

Parkersbuig, W. Va 

Park Forest, 111 

Park Ridge, m... 

Panna Heights, Ohio 

Pascagoulfl, Miss 

Peabody, Mass -. 

Pekin, 111 

Pennsauken, N.J.- 

Perth Amboy, N.J 

Petersburg, Va 

Phenlx City, Ala 

Plscataway Township, N.J. 

Piainfield, N.J 

Pocatello, Idaho 

Pompano Beach, Fla 

PoncaCity, Okla 

Portage, Mich 

Port Chester, N.Y 

Fort Huron, Mich 

Portsmouth, N.H 

Portsmouth, Ohio 

Pottstown, Pa.. 

Poughkcepsie, N.Y 

Poughkeepsie Town, N.Y.. 
Prairie Village, K&oa 

Prichard, Ala 

Quincy, HI 

Radnor Township, Pa 

Rah way, N.J 

Ramapo Town, N.Y 

Rantoul, 111 

Rapid City, S. Dak 

Raytown, Mo 

Redlands, Calif 

Renton, Wash 

Revere, Mass 

Rialto, Calif. 

Richardson, Tex 

Richfield, Miim 

Richland, Wash 

Richmond, Ind.. 

Ridgewood, N.J 

Ridley Township, Pa 

Rock Hill, S.C 

Ross Township, Pa 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



1,648 
1,271 



1,413 
1,064 



2,763 
1,401 
2,103 



1,227 
1,236 



1,339 
1,205 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



Incomplete 



199 



Table 60— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1970, Cities and Towns 25,000 and over in Population— Confmueii 



Cities IS, 000 to 60,000 in 
pojMiadon— Continued 

Rockvllle Centre, N.Y 

Rocky Mount, N.C 

Rome, Ga 

Roseville, Minn 

Roswell, N. Mex 

Rotterdam, N.Y 

Saginaw Township, Mich... 

Saint Charles, Mo 

Saint Cloud, Minn 

Saint Louis Park, Minn 

Salem, Mass 

Salina, Kans 

San Bruno, CalU 

San Carlos, CalU 

Sandusky, Ohio 

San Gabriel, Calif 

San Luis Obispo, Calif 

San Rafael, Calif 

Santa Cruz, Calif _ 

Santa Fe, N. Mex 

Santa Maria, Calif 

Sarasota, Fla 

Saugus. Mass... 

SayrevUle, N.J 

Seaside, Calif.... 

Selma, Ala ._ 

Shaker Heights, Ohio 

Shaler Township, Pa 

Shawnee, Okla 

Sheboygan, Wis 

Shelby Township, Mich 

Shelton, Conn 

Sherman, Texas 

South Euclid, Ohio 

Southgate, Mich... 

Southington Town, Conn. ., 

South Saint Paul, Minn 

South San Francisco, Calif. . 

Spartanburg, S.C 

Springfield, Oreg 

Springfield Township, Pa. . 

State College, Pa 

Steubenville, Ohio 

Stillwater, Okla 

Stratford, Conn 

Superior, Wis , 

Taunton, Mass 

Teaneck Township, N.J 

Temple, Tei. 

Teiarkana, Tei.„ 

Texas City, Tex 

TItusville, Fla 

Torrington, Conn 

Troy, Mich 

Trumbull, Conn 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



1,988 
1,661 
1,349 

1,119 
1,649 



1,651 
2,170 



Crimhial homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



234 


95 


1,388 


101 


854 


133 


405 


5 


1,076 


57 


569 


196 


380 


86 


881 


68 


400 


101 


131 


80 


976 


238 


918 


208 


458 


193 


612 


82 


1,203 


131 


199 




169 


66 


326 


89 


426 


66 


549 


659 


166 


61 


213 


98 


1,079 


59 


217 


64 


165 


47 


161 


12 


194 


29 


637 


160 


231 


43 


200 


69 


670 


241 


935 


216 


931 


70 


384 


110 


435 


36 


442 


80 


326 


17 


402 


243 


818 


144 


447 


490 


484 


98 


420 


92 


271 


106 


682 


66 


484 


69 


160 


39 


1,030 


188 


3S4 


66 



200 



Table 60. — Number of Offenses 


Known to the Police, 


7970, Cities and Towns 25,000 and over 


in Population — Continued 




Total 
Crime 
Indei 


Criminal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 


Larceny 


—theft 




City 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 


$60 and 
over 


Under 
$50 


Auto theft 


CUies 16,000 to 60,000 in 
popuJa/ion— Continued 

University City. Mo 


1,627 
668 
426 
667 
670 

946 
640 
394 
486 
661 

219 
1,097 
1,073 

474 
673 

1,167 
680 
361 
840 
637 

388 
306 
1,608 
431 
389 

481 

686 
666 
313 
618 

316 
813 
689 
1,192 
786 

1,284 
337 
262 
866 
870 

998 
728 
430 
461 
2,610 

864 
480 
619 
736 
1.031 

648 
2,896 
1,343 
1,669 

772 


3 




4 
6 
1 
4 
6 

1 
2 


111 
13 
2 
31 
17 

16 

4 


32 
22 
10 
31 
80 

29 
38 
8 
62 

77 

19 
37 
41 
18 
13 

14 
46 


740 
200 
201 
238 
176 

468 
303 
109 
2)6 
266 

114 
370 
630 
167 
317 

332 
197 
89 
341 
227 

126 
112 
322 
206 
210 

187 

298 
166 
142 
198 

86 
298 
241 
829 
281 

376 
123 
101 
266 
363 

341 
292 
243 
249 
1,166 

217 
140 
188 
177 
332 

170 
1,078 
622 
626 
384 


327 
340 
196 
197 
318 

361 
167 
262 
149 
161 

63 
446 
339 
220 
247 

664 
268 
210 
320 
263 

206 
138 

948 
172 
89 

219 

229 
292 
108 
206 

97 
191 
239 
531 
368 

619 
146 
112 
464 
333 

206 
360 
79 
168 
812 

349 
269 
174 
217 
623 

267 

1,316 

337 

646 

266 


973 
734 
1,284 
341 
366 

606 
263 
224 
146 
690 

226 
468 
1,320 
136 
327 

872 
186 
176 
180 
428 

606 
742 
681 
382 
150 

144 

203 
208 
334 
480 

72 
94 
188 
426 
465 

230 
167 
366 

407 
682 

243 
692 
77 
961 
1,038 

703 
418 
62 
61 
1,016 

621 

2,967 

1,066 

929 

378 


310 


Upland, Calif 




88 








16 


Urbana, lU 


1 
2 


1 
1 


66 




72 




81 




1 


1 
1 


36 


Vestal, N.Y 


26 


Vicksburg, Ml^ 


3 

2 




11 
4 

4 
34 

24 
7 
4 

14 

7 
7 
16 

1 

6 
1 

17 
16 
8 

2 

4 

5 
4 

27 

8 
6 

10 
6 

14 

19 
11 
2 
39 
26 

100 
11 
10 
7 

162 

17 
6 
8 
6 

24 

19 
100 
83 
63 
28 


66 




2 


1 


60 


VlUa Park, ni 


29 


Vlneland, N.J._ 


2 
3 


6 
2 
3 
6 


6 
3 

1 


202 


Visalia, Calif . 


133 


Wakefield, Mass 


61 






92 


Walnut Creek, Calif. 




4 

1 


129 






1 


72 




2 

1 
1 

1 


43 








7 
8 

2 
11 

9 
10 
11 

4 

8 
4 

16 
41 

11 

9 
4 
6 
11 

41 

8 
16 
27 

9 

63 
20 
26 
11 
206 

163 
6 


166 


Watertown, N.Y.-- 




1 
1 


36 


Waukesha, Wis 




46 






43 




1 




1 

2 

1 


210 


Webster Groves, Mo 


2 


26 


Weirton, W. Va 


1 


69 


Wellesley, Mass 


1 


69 


West Bloomfield Township, 
Mich 




4 

2 

1 
1 

2 


43 


Westfleld, Mass 


1 




97 


Westfleld, N.J 


1 


42 




2 
1 


43 


West Mifflin, Pa 


3 


110 


West New York, N.J 


31C 






1 


2 

1 


93 






11£ 


West Seneca, N.Y 




1 


112 






2 

1 
2 
2 
6 

3 

2 
1 
3 
10 

4 
1 


32- 


Wethersfield, Conn. 




3 


4' 






3( 


Wheeling, W. Va 


2 
3 


1 


7 


Whitehall, Ohio. .. 


13 






28< 




1 


1 


6 


Willlngboro Townsliip, N.J 


T 


Wibnette, 111. 


1 
11 

6 




3- 






16. 


Wilson, N.C 


2 


101 




6 








14 




1 
2 






22 
18 

24 
180 
108 
138 
4 


31 




3 


1 

1 
10 

7 
10 


13 




6 


Yakima, Wash 


2 
2 
4 


2 


21 


Ypsllantl, Mich 


18' 






17 








101 




"1 ""'" 







> Larceny figures undasslfled. 



Table 61. — Number of Offenses Known fo the Police, 1970, Suburban Counties 



County by State 



Jefferson,.. 
Limestone. 

Madison 

MobUe 

Shelby 



Maricopa.. 
Ptma 



ARKANSAS 



Crittenden.. 

Pulaski 

Sebastian.. 



CAUFORNIA I 



Alameda 

Contra Costa 

Fresno 

Kern 

Los Angeles 

Marin 

Monterey 

Napa 

Orange 

Placer 

Riverside 

Sacramento 

San Bernardino.. 

San Diego 

San Joaquin 

San Mateo 

Santa Barbara.. 

Santa Clara 

Solano 

Sonoma 

Stanislaus 

Ventura 

Yolo 



Adams... 
Arapahoe.. 
Boulder... 
El Paso.... 
Jefferson... 
Pueblo... 



DEXAWARE 



Alachua 

Broward 

Dade 

Escambia 

Hillsborough . 

Orange 

Palm Beach.. 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



2,778 
2,127 



2,145 
1,067 



1,784 
2,882 



749 
8.700 
27,705 
6,671 
5,610 
6,271 
3,844 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Burglary- 
breaking 



2,076 
3,192 
2,862 
2,986 
30, 073 

708 
1,353 

419 
2,615 

686 
3,711 
5,500 
4,706 
3,069 
2,629 
1,928 
1,620 
3,018 

349 
1,839 
1,642 
2,222 



383 
2,636 
9,211 
2,802 
3,332 
3,381 
1,447 



Larceny— theft 



1.335 
2.256 
2,174 
3,039 
19,206 
1,136 

942 

308 
1,331 

615 
1,922 
7,878 
2,464 
2,673 
1,994 
1,225 
1,663 
2,790 

293 
1,019 



169 
1,606 
10,425 
1,962 
1,112 
1,327 
1,388 



4,034 
22,771 
1,096 



2,392 
445 
2,929 
6,181 
2,201 
2,166 
1,552 
1,121 
1,693 
1,908 
204 
1,007 
1,447 
2,709 



262 
1.393 
8,224 
1,839 
2,968 
1.008 
1,556 



202 



Table 


61— Number of Offe 


nses Known to fhe Police, 1970 


Suburban 


Counfiei — Continued 






Total 
Crime 
Index 


Criminal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary- 
breaking 

or 
entering 


Larency— theft 




County by State 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 

negligence 


$60 and 
over 


Under $50 


Auto 
theft 


FLORIDA— Con. 
Pinellas -.. 


2,685 

455 

1,407 

377 
1,879 
1,318 
3,147 
1,695 

118 
2,410 

7,898 

576 

870 

3,166 

1,993 

212 

1,420 

732 

433 

233 

1,485 

638 

492 

703 

1,039 

101 

1,134 
65 
362 
135 
1,806 
431 
4,716 
274 
601 
430 
233 
259 
30 
68 

166 
190 
399 
765 
362 
173 
129 


4 
2 

8 

3 

6 
1 
10 
6 




15 
6 
28 

3 
26 

9 
29 
10 

I 
37 

30 

12 

4 
27 
26 
2 
22 
4 
7 
1 
17 
3 
6 
12 
14 


64 
8 
13 

8 
44 
42 
91 
46 


166 
39 
178 

11 
137 
4 
195 
12 
9 
86 

81 

79 

67 
208 
138 
10 
116 
24 
20 
1 
17 
17 
91 
22 
39 


1,824 
144 
661 

189 
738 
603 

1,461 
743 
62 

1,217 

3,377 

269 

372 
1,201 
933 
120 
752 
281 
197 
125 
689 
335 
232 
460 
382 
69 

678 
62 
170 
101 
509 
265 
2,356 
189 
278 
183 
104 
168 
15 
60 

44 
115 
148 
237 
150 
84 
64 


436 

214 
480 

137 
732 
592 
929 
578 
49 
766 

3,164 

173 

412 

1,274 

717 

71 
376 
362 
189 
102 
612 
200 
137 
167 
494 

26 

400 

2 

129 

28 

716 

162 

1,291 

62 

248 

168 

106 

53 

10 

5 

113 
60 
203 
396 
174 
78 
64 


1,110 
68 
331 

49 
631 
238 
432 
342 

14 
747 

6,108 

133 

239 
792 
465 

31 
768 
198 

96 

66 
176 
179 
128 

71 
310 

29 

289 

1 

123 


186 




1 

7 

3 

7 


42 




39 


GEORGIA 
Bibb - 


26 




196 




167 


Cobb 


5 
6 
2 
16 


432 




201 




7 


Richmond. 

HAWAn 


15 
10 


82 

106 

6 

67 
19 

26 
11 

32 

22 
29 
2 

27 


207 
1,131 


IDAHO 
Ada 




37 


ILLINOIS 






11 




4 
3 


22 


374 




157 






8 






6 
2 


128 




4 


56 




12 




2 




1 






218 




3 




71 




1 


25 






30 




3 




78 






4 


INDIANA 


1 


22 


12 


46 


70 




1 








3 
1 

7 


13 
1 
61 


2 


35 








4 


Lake --. 


1 


1 


24 


618 
37 
2,166 
40 
487 
62 
11 
187 
3 


488 




4 




13 


1 
6 
6 
1 


96 


112 


191 
11 
29 
53 
21 
21 
4 


667 




12 




4 
1 




11 


31 


Shelby 


5 


20 






3 






1 


1 


6 


10 






1 












3 


IOWA 


1 






1 
1 
5 
21 
7 
1 
1 




82 
30 
111 
80 
62 
22 
32 


7 








2 
13 

47 
1 
2 
2 


12 




2 
3 




6 
1 
3 
1 


23 


Polk -. 




60 






27 


Scott 






7 


Woodbury 




6 


8 



Tgble 61. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1970, Suburban Counties — Continued 





Total 
Crime 
Index 


Criminal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Agra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary- 
breaking 
or 

entering 


Larceny— theft 




County by State 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 


$50 and 
over 


Under $60 


Auto 
theft 


KANSAS 
Butler 


376 
372 
944 
607 
443 

300 
40 

242 

271 
1,391 

132 
6,934 

361 

367 

550 

1,328 

3,967 

7,821 

874 

349 

779 

188 
313 

15,012 
257 
1,184 
11,080 
16,716 

166 

806 

2,086 

1,774 

829 

610 

922 

176 

1,353 

1,020 

3,202 

618 

798 

1,909 

381 
93 
162 
366 
253 
233 
771 
593 


2 
1 

1 




9 
6 
9 
3 


2 
7 
11 
8 
6 

6 
1 
6 
9 
37 


6 
48 
37 
43 
31 

13 
4 

23 
31 
62 


211 
172 
452 
234 

179 

164 
19 

114 
67 

718 

66 

2,356 

171 

124 
267 
547 
1,772 
3,209 
239 
124 
316 

144 

221 

4,629 

131 

495 

3,448 

6,469 

86 
405 
657 
824 
602 
303 
394 
118 
542 
432 

1,619 
309 
477 

1,076 

177 
42 
67 
122 
145 
65 
462 
301 


128 
116 
361 
192 
134 

66 
13 
76 
145 
441 
67 
2,960 
101 

139 
212 
633 
1,008 
2,507 
308 
136 
248 

38 
81 

7,044 

106 

466 

5,605 

5,872 

56 
314 

1,026 
702 
116 
237 
420 
40 
620 
454 

1,102 
269 
253 
387 

168 
40 
74 
186 
73 
139 
245 
245 


118 
62 

386 
70 

103 

42 
6 
80 
95 
661 
14 
2,009 
44 

90 
143 
287 
1,150 
1,973 
176 
184 
360 

39 
42 

8,406 

124 

664 

6,222 

6,131 

46 
383 

978 
719 
402 
341 
613 
119 
388 
754 
1,129 
652 
605 
946 

73 
38 
46 

95 
63 
118 
162 
116 


18 
22 
73 

27 

87 

61 
3 
20 
11 
105 




4 
4 








6 




KENTUCKY 






Boyd 










1 
1 
6 


3 
1 
4 


4 

7 
22 




Fayette 


Henderson 




16 
4 

4 

6 
4 

10 
16 


25 


69 
6 

6 

5 
11 
46 
80 
14 
10 
19 


142 
15 

11 
18 
27 
97 
271 
9 
6 
9 


174 
10 

60 
16 
134 

661 
458 
236 
40 
109 


1,218 




LOUISIANA 


1 


23 


Caddo 










3 
4 






1,280 


Lafayette... 




8 
6 


13 

1 








MAINE 

Androscoggin 


6 












7 

469 
9 
88 
152 
873 

2 
24 
103 
41 




MARYLAND 


11 


7 


89 
1 
11 
28 
116 

1 
6 

23 
8 
7 
6 
9 
3 

12 
8 

30 
1 
2 

10 

6 

1 
4 
7 

4 
1 
4 
1 


432 


2,348 
10 


Harford 




2 
13 
39. 


1 
4 
46 


16 
294 
916 










3,431 
11 


MICHIGAN 
Clinton 




1 
2 


12 
6 
2 


10 
72 
26 
15 
12 
12 

2 
26 
19 
51 

2 
15 
47 

3 








Ingham 


173 


Jackson. 


1 
1 


88 


Kalamazoo. 




12 
11 


39 


Kent 




76 


Lapeer 


2 




11 


Macomb 


6 

1 


57 
40 
65 
18 
14 
68 

4 

3 
3 

1 
2 
6 
16 
3 


96 




3 

9 


64 


Oakland 


326 


Ottawa 




19 


Saginaw 


4 

2 




33 


Washtenaw 


2 


329 


MINNESOTA 
Anoka 


24 


Clay 




1 


7 


Dakota 




2 
4 


12 


Hennepin 


1 




44 


Olmsted 




29 








1 
4 

4 


21 


Saint Louis 


1 
1 


1 


39 


Washington 


38 



204 



Table 61. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1970, Suburban Counties — Continued 





Total 
Crime 
Index 


Criminal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Apgra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary- 
breaking 

or 
entering 


Larceny— theft 




County by State 


Murder 
and non- 
negugent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 


$60 and 
over 


Under $50 


Auto 
theft 


MISSISSIPPI 


169 

640 
229 
182 
291 
494 

1,316 
580 

6,393 

219 
S16 

446 
172 

4,869 

659 
18 

747 

203 

451 
16 
32 

236 
23 

341 
12 

378 

1,712 

537 

786 

277 

41 

1,832 

21,665 

640 

1,226 

91 

147 

10 

87 

96 

29,098 

217 

217 


6 

1 
1 


1 
1 


8 

9 
4 
4 
1 
9 

11 
6 

43 

3 

4 

4 

1 

27 

4 

1 

8 


11 

15 
2 
4 

7 
4 
6 
12 
97 


56 

73 
11 
8 
2 
39 
112 
18 
162 

11 

69 

5 
10 

194 

22 
2 

26 
8 

26 


63 

132 
116 
89 
117 
261 
773 
267 
3,074 

116 
175 

226 
66 

1,889 

326 
2 

320 

114 

222 
2 
7 

116 
8 

174 
6 

233 

981 

306 
242 
181 
20 
697 
6,980 
266 
536 
50 
91 
5 
44 
36 
9,907 
129 
96 


16 

168 
88 
72 
134 
148 
302 
243 
1,939 

67 
228 

169 
73 

1,797 

193 

8 

228 

48 

117 

8 

10 

76 

11 

89 

4 

100 

346 

126 

338 

53 

7 

943 

8,828 

280 

532 

9 

42 

3 

26 

43 

14.352 

64 

64 


46 

129 
15 
23 
84 
110 
263 
124 
3,708 

74 
136 

U2 
133 

899 

68 


20 


MISSOUKI 


142 




7 


Clay 




5 




1 
1 


2 
4 


29 




32 




111 




2 

7 

1 




32 




28 


1,071 


MONTANA 


31 






1 

6 
4 

212 

26 
2 

24 
9 

16 
3 
7 
6 
1 

16 
1 

10 

29 

13 
10 
2 
3 
13 
725 
10 
18 
1 
1 


39 


NEBRASKA 




3 

1 


35 




1 
8 


17 


NEVADA 
Clark 


732 


NEW JERSEY 


16 
6 
20 
13 
il 
4 
1 
6 


88 




1 
2 


2 




78 
18 
30 

1 


140 




24 




8 


3 


60 




3 








1 
6 

1 
13 


7 




1 


2 
1 
4 


16 
1 
23 


30 




1 




3 


6 
3 

11 


43 




1 




1 
4 


5 

27 

8 
1 
2 
3 
6 

21 
1 

11 
3 
1 
2 


7 
100 

34 

121 
10 
6 
18 

229 
34 


41 

610 

689 

308 

282 

4 

2,076 

12,643 

264 

1,359 

50 

111 

9 

21 

51 

11, M6 

120 

212 


22 


NEW MEXICO 


225 


NEW YORK 




SI 


Erie 


1 


1 


72 




29 




1 
3 
14 
3 
2 
1 


1 


1 




163 




3 

8 

1 


4,868 




47 




127 




23 
3 


4 






9 


















17 

8 

286 

4 

43 


1 










3 

678 


6 


Suffolk 


27 


4 
3 


67 


3.891 


Tioga 


20 


Wayne 


1 


6 


1 


17 



205 



Table 61. — Number of Offenses Known to fhe Police, 1970, Suburban Counties — Continued 





Total 
Crime 
Index 


Criminal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary- 
breaking 

or 
entering 


Larceny 


—theft 




County by State 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 

negligence 


$60 and 
over 


Under $60 


Auto 
theft 


NORTH CAROUNA 


2,386 
666 
733 
958 

2,650 
650 
264 
273 
843 

125 

1,101 
222 
767 
664 
300 

2,424 
700 
499 

2,463 
405 
449 
582 
669 
779 
682 
681 
683 

2,121 
818 
269 
122 
802 

1,806 

2,234 
631 
112 
666 

164 
137 
266 
66 
216 
105 
916 

2.119 
1,678 
1,141 
6,648 
188 
2.102 

1 630 


13 
6 
2 
4 

13 


2 


14 

1 
6 
5 
23 


53 
2 
7 
21 
58 
17 
15 
7 
16 


112 

10 

42 
193 
126 

44 

63 

81 

35 

2 

81 
6 
12 
8 
1 
83 
25 
35 
42 
111 
33 
88 
17 
107 
51 
30 
21 
32 
37 
10 
16 
27 
40 
177 
68 
10 
149 

10 
4 
43 

26 
8 
24 
17 

64 
49 
73 
302 
11 
69 

4 


875 
311 
421 
423 
1.359 
300 
112 
131 
462 

64 

444 
113 
340 
376 
182 
846 
285 
305 

1,039 
142 
314 
262 
298 
376 
230 
277 
307 

1,127 
392 
179 
62 
447 
806 
830 
276 
33 
339 

75 

81 
107 

13 
124 

25 
632 

1,081 
873 
676 

3,011 
104 

1,110 

126 


1,229 
202 
205 
289 
861 
241 
44 
40 
283 

61 

484 
77 
332 
190 
107 
1,064 
336 
116 
1,046 
75 
39 
125 
116 
238 
212 
196 
202 
693 
280 
70 
34 
277 
760 
734 
111 
65 
139 

67 
49 
86 
11 
63 
19 
268 

809 
660 
422 
2.280 
69 
714 

3 


1.263 
84 
233 
206 
653 
129 
33 
16 
66 

60 

702 
36 
365 
183 
70 
927 
123 
123 
1.458 
31 
46 
162 
76 
173 
93 
164 
142 
1.466 
304 
42 
74 
233 
1,235 
666 
187 
60 
104 

15 
24 
90 

2 
10 

6 
142 

473 
841 
604 
3.063 
41 
618 






34 




1 


50 
23 


Guilford 




12 






48 




2 

6 
7 

2 




12 
6 
3 

1 

3 
6 
13 
2 


16 






4 




1 




NORTH DAKOTA 
Cass 


16 


OHIO 
Allen 


3 


23 
6 

12 
8 


66 


Belmont 


2 


12 


Clark 




68 




1 
1 
1 

1 




79 


Delaware 


1 




Franklin . 


30 


78 
5 
6 
39 
27 
7 
18 
34 
17 
29 
6 
17 
118 
21 
4 

8 
66 
39 
19 


333 


Geauga 




49 






11 

18 
9 
1 
7 
2 
4 

10 
3 
4 
9 

18 


26 




2 
2 
2 
3 
1 
1 


21 
2 
1 
6 

16 
2 

10 






39 




53 








101 




37 




60 




1 
1 
10 
3 
2 
2 
2 
4 
2 
6 


68 




8 
7 


31 




232 




67 


Preble 




4 








8 


Richland 




6 
12 

22 


36 


Stark 


3 

2 


118 




430 




62 


Van Wert 






4 


Warren . 






4 


13 

3 

1 
9 
4 
8 
4 
16 

10 
10 
13 
142 


22 


OKLAHOMA 






9 








1 
6 
3 
4 
14 
4 

18 
9 
10 
43 

7 
10 

2 


1 




1 
3 
3 
2 
2 

1 
4 

3 

2 

1 
3 

3 


3 


14 




6 






6 




1 


17 




87 


OREGON 


8 
9 
6 
3 


146 




83 




46 




868 


Polk 


6 






16 
20 


180 


PENNSYLVANIA 
Allegheny 




472 



206 



Table 61. — Number of Offenses Known to the Polite, 1970, Suburban Counties — Continued 



County by State 



SOUTH CAROUNA 



Aiken 

Berkeley... 
Charleston. 
Greenville- - 
Lexington.. 

Pickens 

Richland. -- 



SOUTH DAKOTA 



Minnehaha _ 

TENNESSEE 



Anderson.. 
Hamilton.. 

Knox 

Shelby.... 



Archer 

Bexar 

Bowie 

Cameron — 

CoUin 

Denton . 

Ector 

El Paso 

Fort Bend.. 
Grayson — 
Guadalupe. 

Hidalgo 

Jefferson — 

Johnson 

Lubbock... 
McLennan. 

Nueces 

Potter- 

Randall 

Tarrant 

Taylor 

Travis 

Webb 

Wichita 



Davis 

Salt Lake. 

Utah 

Weber 



Amherst 

Campbell 

Chesterfield . . . 

Fairfax 

Hanover 

Hemlco- 

Prince George. 

Rpanoke 

York-- 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



6,167 
4,677 



1,075 
9,760 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 
man- 



Man- 
slaughter 
by 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Burglary- 
breaking 



2,180 
2,109 



486 
4,054 



Larceny— theft 



1,481 
1,322 



2,669 
223 



3,027 



61 


36 


24 


84 


46 


1 


11 


1 


100 


67 


41 


6 


167 


46 


24 


9 


85 


15 


4,137 


710 


104 


23 


87 


7 


46 


6 


151 


IS 


604 


64 


8,837 


2.001 


96 


28 


2.940 


626 


144 


9 


286 


36 


33 


9 



207 



Table 61.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1970 


, Suburban 


Counties- 


-Continued 






Total 
Crime 
Index 


Criminal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary— 
breaking 

or 
entering 


Larceny— thett 




County by State 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 

negligence 


$50 and 
over 


Under $80 


Auto 

theft 


WASHINGTON 

Clark 


1,307 
14, 167 
4,960 
3,370 
1,876 

638 
137 
909 
306 
1,043 
182 
366 
136 
816 
326 
632 

727 
1,136 
88,227 






2 
95 
42 
19 
20 

2 

2 
8 
1 
4 
1 
4 
3 
2 


20 
194 
60 
23 

25 

11 


25 
237 
206 
93 
73 

7 
6 

99 
9 

37 

18 
7 
1 
9 
2 

17 

12 

43 

12,218 


666 
6,863 
2,293 
2,192 

750 

266 
62 
313 
202 
474 
3 
172 
66 
382 
143 
279 

423 
613 

22,786 


525 

4,806 

1,835 

718 

870 

287 
60 
345 
47 
433 
114 
141 
62 
337 
161 
306 

201 

388 

12,869 


796 

3,836 

1,640 

986 

761 

607 

73 
306 

69 
427 

94 
283 

78 
622 

96 
180 

996 

630 

10,382 


79 




10 
9 

6 




1,962 






616 






320 






138 


WISCONSIN 


1 


6 


64 




18 




3 




12 
1 

11 
3 

1 


129 






46 






6 

1 


84 






43 






31 






1 
1 


16 




2 


20 
2 
2 

23 

10 

2,006 


63 




18 






16 

2 

7- 
339 


1 

6 

— 8 

637 


28 


OTHER AREAS 


2 

6 

167 


60 




168 




7,864 







' Does not include auto theft offenses reported by California Highway Patrol. 
' Includes crime from both sheriff and county police. 
• Fiscal year figures. 



208 



U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE: 1971 0—439-758 



■liiiifil 

3 9999 06352 41^ o