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Full text of "Uniform crime reports for the United States"

BOSTON 
PUBLIC 
LIBRARY 








IN THE UNITED STATES 



/. 



ISSUED BY-L. PATRICK GRAY, III, Acting Director-FBI 



UNIFORM CRIME REP0RT$-1971 




FOR RELEASE 

TUESDAY A.M., AUGUST 29, 1972 

PRINTED ANNUALLY 



iCiimenfo 



^^r./(WZ 



UNIFORM 

CRIME 

REPORTS 

for the United States 



PRINTED ANNUALLY— 1971 



Advisory: Committee on Uniform Crime Records ^o CptV ^ 

International Association of Chiefs of Police 05 police^^'* 









L. Patrick Gray, III, Acting Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation 
U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, D.C. 20535 



t'oT sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government l*rinting Office 
Washinpton, D.C. 20402 - Price $1.75 
Stock Number 2701-0009 



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^l<kTr or?// 



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Contents 

Page 

Preface vi 

Crime factors vii 

Summary 1 -50 

Crime Index totals 2-5 

Crime and population 5-6 

Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 6-10 

Aggravated assault 10-12 

Forcible rape 12-14 

Robbery 14-18 

Burglary 18-21 

Larceny 2 1-25 

Auto theft 25-31 

Clearances 31 

Persons arrested 3 1-35 

Persons charged 35 

Careers in crime 36-38 

Police employee data 38-41 

Police killed data 41-50 

Introduction 53-58 

The Index of Crime, 1971 59-94 

United States, 1971 (table 1) 60 

United States, 1960 to 1971 (table 2) 61 

United States, 1970-1971, by regions, geographic divisions and 

states (table 3) 62-67 

States (table 4) 68-77 

Standard metropolitan statistical areas (table 5) 78-94 

General United States crime statistics, 1971 95-114 

Crime trends, 1970-1971, by population groups (table 6) 96-97 

Crime trends, 1970-1971, suburban and nonsuburban cities, by 

population groups (table 7) 98 

Crime trends, 1970-1971, suburban and nonsuburban coimties by 

population groups (table 8) 99 

Crime rates, by population groups (table 9) 100-101 

Crime rates, submban and nonsuburban cities, by population 

groups (table 10) 102 

Crime rates, subm-ban and nonsuburban counties, by population 

groups (table 11) 103 

Offenses known, cleared by arrest, by population groups (table 12) __ 104-105 
Offenses known, cleared by arrest, by geographic divisions 

(tablets) 106-107 

Offenses cleared by arrest of persons under 18 years of age (table 14). 108-109 
Disposition of persons formallj' charged by the police (table 15) — 110 
Persons charged — percent arrested or summoned (table 16) 111 



lU 



General United States crime statistics, 1971 — C!ontinued Page 

OflFenses kno^v^l, cleared, persons arrested, charged, and disposed of 

(table 17) 111 

Police disposition of juvenile offenders taken into custody (table 18).. 1 12 

Offense analysis (table 19) 113 

Type and value of property stolen and recovered (table 20) 113 

Murder victims — weapons used (table 21) 114 

Murder victims by age, sex and race (table 22) 114 

Arrests, 1971 115-155 

Total estimated arrests. United States, 1971 (table 23) 115 

Number and rate by population group (table 24) 1 16-117 

Arrest trends, 1960-1971 (table 25) 118 

Arrest trends, 1966-1971 (table 26) 119 

Arrest trends by sex, 1960-1971 (table 27) 120 

Total arrest trends, 1970-1971 (table 28) 121 

Total arrests by age group (table 29) 122-123 

Total arrests of persons under 15, under 18, under 21, and imder 25 

(table 30) 124 

Total arrests, distribution by sex (table 31) 125 

Total arrest trends by sex, 1970-1971 (table 32) 126 

Total arrests by race (table 33) 127-129 

City arrest trends, 1970-1971 (table 34) 130 

City arrests by age (table 35) 131-132 

City arrests of persons under 15, imder 18, under 21, and imder 25 

(table 36) 133 

City arrests, distribution by sex (table 37) 134 

City arrest trends by sex, 1970-1971 (table 38) 135 

City arrests by race (table 39) 136-138 

Suburban arrest trends, 1970-1971 (table 40) 139 

Suburban arrests by age (table 41) 140-141 

Suburban arrests of persons imder 15, under 18, under 21, and 

imder25 (table 42) 142 

Suburban arrests, distribution by sex (table 43) 143 

Subiu-ban arrests bj' race (table 44) 144-146 

Rural arrest trends, 1970-1971 (table 45) 147 

Rural arrests by age (table 46) 148-149 

Rural arrests of persons under 15, under 18, under 21, and under 25 

(table 47) 150 

Rural arrests, distribution by sex (table 48) 151 

Rural arrests bj- race (table 49) 152-154 

Suburban and rural arrest trends by sex, 1970-1971 (table 50) 155 

Police employee data, 1971 157-196 

Full-time police employees; number, rate, and range (table 51) 158 

Full-time police officers; number, rate, and range (table 52) 159 

Percent distribution of police employees by male and female 

(table 53) 160 

Police department patrol and shift assignments (table 54) 161 

Police department assignments (table 55) 162 

Police department patrols (table 56) 162 

Civilian emploj^ees, percent of total (table 57) 163 

Police officers killed (table 58) 163 



IV 



Police employee data 1971 — Continued Page 

Assaults on police officers bj' geographic divisions and population 

groups (table 59) 163 

Assaults on police officers, percent distribution of weapons used 

(table 60) 164 

Full-time state police and highway patrol employees, and police 

killed (table 61) 164 

Police employees in individual cities, universities, and suburban 
and rural counties with 50,000 or more inhabitants (tables 

62, 63, 64, 65, and 66) 165-196 

Offenses in individual areas 20,000 and over, by popidation groups, and 

universities (tables 67 and 68) 197-219 

Offenses in individual suburban and rural counties with 50,000 or more 

inhabitants (tables 69 and 70) 220-230 



Preface 

Crime statistics are essential not only to law enforcement agencies, but to 
all elements of the Criminal Justice System. Legislators and other government 
officials also need such information to fulfill their responsibilities concerning 
crime. This is true at all levels of government — local, State, and Federal. 

Law enforcement administrators need to know the volume, extent, trend, 
and nature of the crime problem, in addition to the basic characteristics of 
known offenders. This information is necessary if intelligent planning is to 
occur and realistic programs developed to effectively deal with crime matters. 
Law enforcement agencies also need this information for use in advising their 
communities of current conditions. The effective processing of offenders by 
courts and correctional institutions is materially aided through the use of such 
data. 

Crime statistics provide administrators, educators, and researchers in the 
public and private sectors of our society with required data to study, evaluate, 
and where necessary, modify existing social programs in addition to instituting 
new programs. 

Uniform Crime Reports is a law enforcement program that provides this 
country's onljr nationwide view of crime. This program presents a practical 
measure of the Nation's most common local crime problems. Since 1930, when 
this program was instituted, law enforcement agencies have voluntarily provided 
the basic information from which these statistics are derived. 

In recent years the FBI has actively encouraged the development and 
implementation of mandatory State Uniform Crime Reporting Programs. As 
of this time, 13 States have initiated central collection systems for criminal 
statistics and numerous other States are working with the FBI in planning and 
developing such systems. Each program is developed in conformance with 
national Uniform Crime Reporting standards which assures the crime infor- 
mation is submitted in accordance with standard crime definitions. 

Under the state program concept each state must have an adequate 
field staff to assist law enforcement agencies in connection with proper records 
management and crime reporting practices. In addition, each State must 
develop acceptable quality control procedures which should include periodic 
audits of the source agencies to insure reliability of the data base. The Law 
Enforcement Assistance Administration under the provisions of the Omnibus 
Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 offers financial assistance to states 
in connection with the development and implementation of such systems. 
It is strongly urged that all States join in the establishing of mandatory State 
systems which will improve the overall quality and amount of information 
available for use by those concerned with the administration of criminal 
justice. 




L. Patrick Gray, III, 

Acting Director. 



VI 



Crime Factors 

Uniform Crime Reports give a nationwide view of crime based on police 
statistics made possible by the voluntary cooperation of local law enforcement 
agencies. Since the factors which cause crime are many and vary from place to 
place, readers are cautioned against drawing conclusions from direct com- 
parisons of crime figures between individual communities without first consider- 
ing the factors involved. The national material summarized in this publica- 
tion should be used, however, as a starting point to determine deviations of 
individual cities from the national averages. 

Crime is a social problem antl tlie concern of the entire community. The 
law enforcement effort is limited to factors within its control. Some of the 
conditions which will affect the amount and type of crime that occurs from 
place to place are briefly outlined below: 

Density and size of the community population and the metropolitan area 
of which it is a part. 

Composition of the population with reference particularly to age, sex and 
race. 

Economic status and mores of the population. 

Relative stability of population, including commuters, seasonal, and 
other transient types. 

Climate, including seasonal weather conditions. 

Educational, recreational, and religious characteristics. 

Effective strength of the police force. 

Standards governing appointments to the police force. 

Policies of the prosecuting officials and the courts. 

Attitude of the public toward law enforcement problems. 

The administrative and investigative efficiency of the local law enforcement 
agency, including the degree of adherence to crime reporting standards. 



Vll 



Summary 

This section is for readers who are interested in the general crime picture jor 
the United States. The volume, trend and rate oj crime related to current population 
are discussed in context with the Crime Index ojfenses — murder and nonnegligent 
manslaughter , forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny $50 and 
over in value and auto theft. In addition, Crime Index ojfenses are treated indi- 
vidually to better delineate the nature of these criminal acts. Arrests, persons charged, 
clearances of crime, police emjAoyce data, police killed, and police assaults are 
discussed. Statistical data concerning the criminal recidivism of persons who have 
at least on one occasion during their criminal career become involved in the com- 
mission of a federal offense are also examined. In subsequent sections technical 
data of interest primarily to police, social scientists and other students are presented. 
If you desire assistance in the interpretation of any information in this publication, 
please communicate with the Director, Federal Bureau of Investigation, U.S. 
Department of Justice, Washington, D.C. 20535. 



+ 100 
+ 90 
+ 80 
+ 70 
+ 60 
+ 50 
+ 40 
+ 30 
+ 20 
+ 10 



CHART 1 

CRIME AND POPULATION 

1966 - 1971 
PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1966 



crimen: crime index offenses 

crime rate = number of offenses per 100.000 inhabitants 



E=ZE 

—^.^ 

A * 

^* 
^* 

^* 
^* 



1966 






CRIME 

UP 83% 



CRIME RATE 
UP 74% 



j populati 
<Jup5% 



ON 



1967 



1968 



1969 



1970 



1971 



FBI CHART 



CHART 2 



CRIMES OF VIOLENCE 

1966 - 1971 



+ 100 
+ 90 
+ 80 
+ 70 
+ 60 
+ 50 
+ 40 
+ 30 
+ 20 
+ 10 



PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1966 

LIMITED TO MURDER, FORCIBLE RAPE, ROBBERY AND AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 



X y 

^ * 
^T * 

^ 

^* 

x* 



] VIOLENT CRIME 
/. UP 90% 



RATE 
UP 80% 



1966 1967 1968 1969 



1970 1971 



FBI CHART 



CHART 3 



CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY 

1966 - 1971 
PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1966 



+ 100 
+ 90 
+ 80 
+ 70 
+ 60 
+ 50 
+ 40 
+ 30 
+ 20 
+ 10 



LIMITED TO BURGLARY. LARCENY $50 AND OVER. AND AUTO THEFT 



. , _^ ^< 

^y 

>^ 






PROPERTY CRIME 
UP 82% 



RATE 
UP 73% 



1966 1967 



1968 



1969 



1970 1971 



FBI CHART 



CRIME INDEX TOTALS 

The Uniform Crime Reporting Program utilizes 
seven crime classifications to establish an index to 
measure the trend and distribution of crime in the 
United States. These crimes — murder, forcible 
rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, lar- 
ceny $50 and over in value, and auto theft — are 
counted by law enforcement agencies as the crimes 
become known to them. These crimes were selected 
for use in the Crime Index because, as a group, 
they represent the most common local crime 
problem. They are all serious crimes, either by 
their very nature or due to the volume in which 
they occur. Offenses of murder, forcible rape, 
robbery, and aggravated assault are categorized as 
violent crimes. Offenses of burglary, larceny $50 
and over in value, and auto theft are classed as 
crimes against property. 

It is believed desirable to point out that there 
is no way of determining the total number of 
crimes which are committed. Many criminal acts 
occur which are not reported to official sources. 
Estimates as to the level of unreported crime can be 
developed through costly victim interview survej's, 
but this, or course, does not remedy the reluctance 
of victims and/or other members of society to re- 
port all crimes to law enforcement agencies. 

In light of this situation, the best source for 
obtaining a count of crime is the next logical 
universe, namely, crimes which come to police 
attention. The crimes used in the Crime Index are 
those considered to be most consistently reported 
to police and the computations of crime trends and 
crime rates are prepared using this universe — 
offenses known to police. 

The crime counts set forth in this publication 
are actual offenses established by police investiga- 
tion. When police receive a complaint of crime and 
the follow-up investigation discloses no crime 
occurred it is "unfounded." On a national average, 
police investigations "unfound" 4 percent of the 
citizen complaints concerning Crime Index of- 
fenses ranging from 3 percent in the larceny 
classification to 18 percent in forcible rape 
complaints. Unfounded complaints are eliminated 
from these crime counts. 

In calendar year 1971 an estimated 5,995,200 
Index offenses were reported to law enforcement 
agencies, a 7 percent increase over 1970. The vio- 
lent crimes as a grouj) made up 14 percent of the 
Crime Index total and rose 11 percent, with 



murder, forcible rape, and robberj' each up 11 
percent and aggravated assault up 10 percent. 
Each of the voluminous property' crimes recorded 
an increase, which contributed to the 7 i)ercent 
rise in this group of offenses representing 86 percent 
of the Crime Index total. Individually, burglary 
was up 9 percent, larceny $50 and over in value 
increased 7 percent, and auto theft was uj) 2 per- 
cent. Since 1966, the violent crimes as a group have 
increased 90 percent, property crimes 82 percent, 
and the combined Crime Index 83 percent in 
volume. 

As in ])rior j'ears, the suburban areas continued 
to show an above average rise in the volume of 
crime with an 11 percent increase over 1970. The 
large core cities having populations in excess of 
250,000 were up 2 percent in volume and the rural 
areas registered a 6 percent upswing. The largest 
American cities over one million population regis- 
tered an average increase of 3 percent. It should 
be noted that while the suburban areas continue to 
record sharp percentage ujiswings in the volume of 
crime, a much higher level of crime occiu-s in the 
large cities. 

Crime increases were noted in each crime classifi- 
cation and each geographic region in 1971 with the 
Northeastern and Western States each up 9 per- 
cent and the Southern and North Central States 
each up 6 percent. 

Estimated 1971 crime figures for the United 
States are set forth in the following table. 

CRIME AND POPULATION 

Crime rates relate the incidence of crime to 
population. A crime rate should be considered a 
victim risk rate in that it demonstrates the risk of 
becoming a victim of crime. 

The Crime Index rate for the United States in 
1971 was 2,907 per 100,000 inhabitants. This was 
a 6 percent increase in the victim rate over 1970. The 
national crime rate, or the risk of being a victim 
of one of these crimes, has increased 74 percent 
since 1966. Many factors influence the nature and 
extent of crime in a particular community. A 
number of these factors are shown on page vii of 
this publication. A crime rate takes into considera- 
tion only the numerical factor of population and 
does not incorporate any of the other elements 
which contribute to the amount of crime in a given 
area. The statistical tables in this publication 
disclose that the varying crime experiences. 



National Crime, Rate, and Percent Change 



Clime Index offenses 



Total 

Violent 

Property 

Murder 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault. . 

Burglary. 

Larceny $50 and over 
Auto theft 



Estimated crime 1971 



Number 



5, 995, 200 



810,020 
6,185,200 



17,630 

41, 890 

385,910 

364,600 

2, 368, 400 

1, 875, 200 

941,600 



Rate per 

100,000 

inhabitants 



2,906.7 



392.7 
2,614.0 



Percent change over 1970 



Number 



8.5 


20.3 


187.1 


176.8 


1, 148. 3 


909.2 


456.5 



+7.4 



+10.6 
+6.9 



Kate 



+6.8 



+8.9 
+6.4 



Percent change over 1966 



Number 



+83.2 



+89.9 
+82. 2 



+11.1 
+ 11.3 

+10.8 

+ 10.1 

+8.8 

+7.2 

+2.1 



-t-9.0 
+9.7 
+9.2 
+8.6 
+7.2 
+5.6 
+.6 



+61.0 
+63.7 

+146. 4 
+66.7 
+70.2 

+ 109.2 
+69.0 



Rate 



+74.0 



+80.4 
+73.0 



+51.8 
+55.0 
+133.0 
+48.8 
+61.6 
+98.6 
+60.6 



Percent change over 1960 



Number 



+196. 9 



+183.2 
+199.1 



+95. 2 
+ 146.0 
+259. 5 
+ 139.0 
+163. 
+269.6 
+188.9 



Rate 



+168. 1 . 



+146.2 
+160.1 



+70.0 
+113.7 
+212. 4 
+107.8 
+128.7 
+221. 4 
+161.2 



especially in large cities and suburban communities, 
are affected bj' a complex set of involved factors 
and are not solely related to numerical population 
differences. The text tables set forth on these pages 
reveal the variations in crime experience by 
geogra])hic region and particularly' large core cities 
as contrasted with the suburban and rural areas. 

The above table discloses each crime categorj' 
recorded a rate increase ranging from less than one 
percent in auto theft to 10 percent in forcible rape 
offenses. The number of crimes per unit of popula- 
tion is, as expected, highest in the large metro- 
politan centers and in those areas where the 
l)opulation is rapidly increasing. 

The accompanying charts illustrate the trend of 
crime in the United States for 1966 through 1971 
bv showing percentage changes in volume and 
rate of crime together with the population increase. 

Crime Rate by Area, 1971 

I Rate per 100,000 inhabitants] 







Al 


ea 




Crime Index offenses 


Total 
U.S. 


Cities 

over 

250,000 


Subui'ban 


Ruial 


Total .. . ... 


2906.7 


6413.6 


2410. 8 


1032. 3 






Violent 


392.7 
2614.0 


1047.6 
4366.0 


205.7 
2205.1 


133.4 


Property 


898.9 








8.6 
20.3 
187.1 
176.8 
1148. 3 
909.2 
456.5 


19.2 
43.6 
633.4 
351.4 
2026.1 
1240.8 
1099.1 


4.2 
14.4 
69.7 
117.4 
974.5 
924.4 
306.3 


6.9 




11.1 


Robbery 


14.9 




100.5 




484.9 


Larceny $50 and over 


344.4 


Autotheft 


69.6 







Crime Rate by Region, 1971 

(Rate per 100,000 inhabitants) 



Crime Index offenses 



Total... 

Violent 

Property.. 

Murder 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault. . 

Burglary. 

Larceny $50 and over 
Auto theft.. 



North- 
eastern 
States 



3071. 6 



454.9 
2616.7 



6.8 
14.4 
285.0 
148.8 
1169. 4 
867.0 
600.2 



North 
Central 
States 



330.1 
2200.6 



18.7 
172.4 
132.1 
977.8 
813.2 
409.6 



Southern 
States 



386.9 
2113. 8 



12.2 
20.6 
130.6 
223.4 
1012. 2 
783.5 
318.1 



Western 
States 



417.3 
3597.1 



7.0 

30.7 

176.7 

204.0 

1653.1 

1363.1 

680.8 



Separate charts provide similar information 
relative to crimes of violence and crimes against 
jn-operty. Since 1966, the rate for crimes of 
violence, as a group, increased 80 percent and the 
property crime rate rose 73 percent. 

MURDER AND NONNEGLIGENT 
MANSLAUGHTER 

This Crime Index offense includes all willful 
killings without due process and is scored on the 
basis of police investigation as opposed to any 
decision of a court, coroner, jury, or other judicial 
body. Deaths caused by negligence are not in- 
cluded in this category but are counted as man- 
slaughter by negligence. Attempts to kill or 
assaults to kill are scored as aggravated assaults 
and not as murder. The crime count for this offense 
classification also excludes suicides, accidental 
deaths, and justifiable homicides. 



Volume 

In 1971, there were an estimated 17,630 murders 
committed in the United States. This represents 
a numerical increase of 1,770 over the 15,860 
homicides recorded in 1970. This crime makes uj) 
slightly more than 2 percent of the crimes of vio- 
lence and represents less than one-half of one per- 
cent of all Crime Index offenses. 

The frequency of murder in 1971 was highest 
in December. In a breakdown by region, 44 per- 
cent of the murders in 1971 occurred in the 
Southern States followed bj" the North Central 
States with 23 percent, Northeastern States with 
19 percent, and the Western States with 14 per- 
cent of the total. 



Trend 

Murder increased 11 percent in 1971 over 1970. 
The trend in this serious crime reveals a numerical 
increase from 10,950 in 1966 to 17,630 murders in 
1971. This is a rise of 61 percent. (Chart 4.) 

Regionally, murder offenses increased 18 per- 
cent in the Northeastern States, 6 percent in the 
North Central States, 11 percent in the South- 
ern States, and 12 percent in the Western States. 
Large core cities with 250,000 or more inhabitants 
had a 10 percent rise in the number of murders in 
1971, while the suburban areas experienced a 6 
percent increase in the number of murder offenses. 
Murder offenses in the rural areas were up 2 
percent. 



CHART 4 



MURDER 

1966 - 1971 



PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1966 

NUMBER OF OFFENSES UP 61 PERCENT 

RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS UP 52 PERCENT 



+ 70 




Murder Rate 

There were 8.5 victims per 100,000 inhabitants 
in 1971. This is a rise from the 7.8 murder rate 
recorded in 1970 of 9 percent. Nationwide, cities 
with 250,000 or over in population reported a 
murder rate of 19 victims per 100,000 inhabitants, 
up 10 percent over 1970. In the suburbs the 
murder rate was 4.2 while the rate in the rural 
areas was 6.9 per 100,000 inhabitants. 

As in past years, the number of murder 
victims in proportion to population was highest 
in the Southern States where the rate of 12.2 was 
a 9 percent increase compared to the rate m 1970. 
In the Western States a rate of 7.0 was 9 percent 
above the prior year and the North Central 
States rate of 6.9 was up 5 percent. The North- 
eastern States had a rate of 6.8 which was 17 
percent higher than the 1970 rate. 

Nature of Murder 

Law enforcement agencies provide, m addition 
to the number of murder offenses, certain details 
on each of these offenses for the purpose of 
presenting further analysis concerning this offense. 



This is accomplished through the use of a supple- 
mental report which contains data on the age, sex, 
and race of the victims; the weapon used to commit 
the offenses; and the circumstances or motives 
which led to the crime. 

Males outnumbered females as victims of 
murder by almost 4 to 1 in 1971, which is similar 
to the experience in 1970. Nationwide, the ratio 
of arrests for murder was more than five males to 
each female. Forty-four of every 100 victims were 
white and 55 were Negro. The remaining one 
percent was distributed among all other races. 
It was determined that six out of every ten murder 
victims were between 20 and 45 years of age, with 
the largest number, 3 of every 10, in the 20 to 29 
age group. 

Firearms continued to be the predominant 
weapon used in murder, as illustrated in the ac- 
companying chart. For the year 1971, as in the 
previous three years, 65 percent of the homicide 
victims were killed thi-ough the use of a firearm. 
As in prior years handguns were again the leading 
type of firearm used, with 51 percent of the 



CHART 5 



MURDER 

BY TYPE OF WEAPON USED 
1971 



HANDGUN 

RIFLE 

SHOTGUN 



CUTTING OR STABBING 
OTHER WEAPON 

ICLUB, POISON, etc I 

PERSONAL WEAPON 

(HANDS, FISTS. FEET.etc 





Hi 6% 


^iili 8% 






6% 


9% 



Z] 51% 



20% 



FBI CHART 



murders resulting from the use of handguns, 8 
percent from the use of shotguns, and 6 percent 
of the murder victims ched from rifle wounds. 
Cutting or stabbing weapons were used in 20 
percent of the murder offenses, other weapons 
(blunt objects such as hammers and clubs, poison, 
arson, explosives, drowning, etc.) in 6 percent, 
and in the remaining 9 percent of the mm-ders, 
personal weapons such as hands, fists, and feet 
were utilized. 

An analysis of types of murder weapons by 
region shows that in 1971 the Southern States led 
in homicide by use of firearms with seven of every 
ten victims succumbing from gunshot wounds. 
Knives or other cutting instruments were used 
most frequently as murder weapons in the North- 
eastern States where tliree out of every ten homi- 
cide victims died of cut or stab wounds. The use 
of personal weapons resulting in death by strangu- 
lation and internal injuries was liighest in the 
Western States and lowest in the Southern States. 
Since 1966, murder through the use of a firearm 
has increased 75 percent while use of a cutting or 
stabbing instrument has increased 39 percent. 

As it has been pointed out in prior issues of this 
publication, police are powerless to prevent a large 
number of these crimes, which is made readily 
apparent from the circumstances or motives which 
surround criminal homicide. The significant fact 

Murder, type of weapon used 

[Percent distribution] 



Region 


Total 

all 

weapons 

used 


Fire- 
arms 


Knife or 
other 
cutting 
instru- 
ment 


Other 
weapon; 

club, 
poison, 

etc. 


Personal 
weapons 


Northeastern States 

North Central States.... 
Southern States 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


49.2 
69.9 
73.6 
58.0 


30.8 
15.3 
16.1 
21.3 


8.7 
6.4 
4.7 
8.5 


11.3 

8.4 
5.7 


Western States.. 


12.2 






Total . 


100.0 


65.1 


19.8 


6.5 


8.6 







emerges that most murders are committed by 
relatives of the victim or persons acquainted with 
the victim. It follows, therefore, that criminal 
homicide is, to a major extent, a national social 
problem beyond police pi'evention. In 1971, killings 
within the family made up about one-fourth of all 
murders. Over one-half of these involved spouse 
killing spouse and the remainder involved other 
family killings such as parents killing children and 
other in-family relationship type murders. In this 
Program, felony murder is defined as those killings 
resulting from robberies, sex motives, gangland 
slayings, and other felonious activities. These 
known and suspected felonious killings comprise 28 
percent of the total murder offenses in 1971. 
Felonious murders made up 27 percent of all mur- 
ders in 1969 and 29 percent in 1970. The following 
table demonstrates by geographic region the per- 
centage of murder by type or circumstance in 1971. 

During 1971, 6 percent of the murders were the 
result of romantic triangles or lovers' quarrels. 
More than four of every ten were the direct result 
of arguments outside the family unit and not in- 
volving the romantic triangle situations. It is 
known the persons participating in these argu- 
ments were most frequently acquainted prior to 
the fatal act. 

In situations involving husband and wife, the 
wife was the victim in 52 percent of the cases and 
the husband in 48 percent. In these incidents, 46 
percent of the victims were white, 52 percent were 
Negro, and the remaining victims were other races. 

In lovers' quarrels, the females were the victims 
in 58 percent of the murders, but when a tliird 
party entered the scene to complete a romantic 
triangle, a male was the victim in 92 percent of the 
confrontations. 

The victims of felony-type murders were 62 
percent white, 37 percent Negro, and one percent 
other race or race was not stated. 



Murder by circumifartce 

[Percent distribution] 



Region 


Total 


Spouse 
kiUing 
spouse 


Parent 
killing 
child 


Other 
family 
killings 


Romantic 
triangle 

and lovers 
quarrels 


Other 
arguments 


Known 
felony type 


Suspected 
felony typo 




100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


9.6 
11.3 
16.3 
13.3 


4.3 
3.2 

2.4 
6.7 


4.7 
9.4 
10.4 
6.5 


5.6 
6.4 
7.6 
5.4 


40.3 
38.2 
46.5 
36.9 


25.4 
24.8 
14.0 
23.9 


10.2 


North Central States 


7.7 


Southern States 


4.8 


Western States 


8.3 






Total 


100.0 


12.8 


3.S 


8.4 


6.3 


41.5 


20.4 


7.1 







472-311 O - 72 - 2 



Clearances 

Nationally, police continue to be successful in 
clearing or solving by arrest a higher percentage of 
the murder cases than any other Crime Index 
offense. In 1971, 84 percent of the criminal 
homicides were solved. Persons imder 18 years of 
age were involved in 5 percent of the willful 
killings solved by the police. 

Persons Arrested 

Based on reports submitted by law enforcement 
agencies, 10 percent of all persons arrested for 
mm-der were under 18 years of age, and 44 percent 
were under 25. During the period 1966-1971 there 
was an 87 percent increase in the number of 
persons under 18 years of age arrested for murder. 
The increase in adult arrests for murder offenses 
during this period was 68 percent. Numerically, 
the 20 to 24 year age group had the heaviest 
involvement during 1971 with 24 percent of the 
total arrests coming from within this age group. 
Negroes made up 62 percent of the arrests for 
murder in 1971 and 55 percent of the victims of 
homicide were also Negroes. There was a 16 per- 
cent increase in the number of arrests of females 
for murder in 1971. 

Persons Charged 

Law enforcement agencies' reports disclose that 
57 percent of all adults arrested for murder in 
1971 were prosecuted during the year. Forty-four 
percent of the adults prosecuted were found 
guilty as charged, and 23 percent were convicted 
on some lesser charge. The remaining 33 percent 
won release by acquittal or dismissal of the 
charges against them. Of all individuals pro- 
cessed for murder, 13 percent were juveniles who 
had their cases referred to juvenile court jurisdic- 
tion. 

AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 

Aggravated assault is defined as an unlawful 
attack by one person upon another for the purpose 
of inflicting severe bodily injury usually accom- 
panied by the use of a weapon or other means 
likely to produce death or serious bodily harm. 
Attempts are included since it is not necessary 
that an injury result when a gun, knife, or other 
weapon is used which could and probably would 
result in serious personal injury if the crime 
were successfully completed. 



Volume 

In calendar year 1971, there was an estimated 
total of 364,600 aggravated assaults. This is an 
increase of 33,400 offenses over the previous year. 
This violent crime against the person made up 
over 6 percent of the Crime Index offenses in 1971 
and comprised 45 percent of the crimes of vio- 
lence. Regionally, the Southern States recorded 
39 percent of the total count of these crimes fol- 
lowed by the North Central States 21 percent, 
while the Northeastern and Western States each 
accounted for 20 percent. As has been the ex- 
perience in prior years, the warm summer months 
recorded the high frequencies during 1971; how- 
ever, the number of these offenses during the 
month of October was higher than the monthly 
average. 

Trend 

In 1971, the volume of aggravated assault 
offenses increased 10 percent over 1970 and 57 
percent over 1966. Cities with 250,000 inhabitants 
and over had a 6 percent increase in volume. The 
suburban areas reported a 12 percent rise and rural 
areas were up 5 percent. The North Cefitral States 
registered an increase of 4 percent and the Western 
States were up 11 percent. The Northeastern and 
Southern States each recorded an increase of 12 
percent. 

Aggravated Assault Rate 

For each 100,000 persons in the United States 
during 1971, there were 177 victims of aggravated 
assault. Large core cities Avith 250,000 or more 
inhabitants recorded a victim rate of 351 per 
100,000 suburban 117, and rural areas 100. Over 
all, the victim rate for aggravated assault in- 
creased 8 percent over 1970, and 49 percent over 
1966. (See Chart 6.) The Southern States were 
highest with a rate of 223 per 100,000 followed 
by the Western States 204, Northeastern States 
149, and the North Central States 132. This vic- 
tim rate was up 5 percent in large core cities 
while the suburban and rural areas were up 16 
percent and 12 percent respectively. 

Nature of Aggravated Assault 

Most aggravated assaults occur \\dthin the 
family unit, among neighbors or acquaintances. 
The victim-offender relationship, as well as the 
very natiu-e of the attack makes this crime similar 
to murder. In 1971, 25 percent of the serious 



10 



CHART 6 



+ 70 
+ 60 
+ 50 
+ 40 
+ 30 
+ 20 
+ 10 



1966 



AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 

1966 - 1971 

PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1966 

NUMBER OF OFFENSES UP 57 PERCENT 

RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS UP 49 PERCENT 






1967 



1968 



1969 



1970 



1971 



FBI CHART 



11 



assaults were committed with the use of a firearm. 
A knife or other cutting instrument was used in 
27 percent of the assaults, 24 percent were com- 
mitted with blunt objects or other dangerous 
weapons, and 24 percent with personal weapons, 
such as hands, fists, and feet. A comparison of the 
assault subclassifications for 1971 with 1966 indi- 
cates that assaults with firearms have increased 
109 percent; assaults with a knife or other cutting 
instrument have risen 26 percent; those assaults 
where blunt objects or other dangerous weapons 
are used increased 66 percent, and those assaults 
through use of personal weapons have climbed 51 
percent. The table which follows demonstrates 
the regional experience of aggravated assault in 
1971 by type of weapon used. 

Aggravated Assault, Type of Weapon Used 

[Percent distribution] 



Region 


Total 

aU 

weapons 


Fire- 
arms 


Knife 
or other 
cutting 
instru- 
ment 


other 

weapon: 

club, 

poison, 

etc. 


Personal 
weapons 


Northeastern States 

North Central States.... 
Southern States 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


18.8 
28.0 
28.2 
23.2 


31.8 

28.6 
27.2 
23.6 


29.9 
20.6 
19.2 
27.8 


19.8 
26.9 
26.4 


Western States 


26.6 






Total 


100.0 


26.1 


27.0 


23.6 


24.3 







Clearances 

Performance, as measured by solutions, indi- 
cates American law enforcement agencies were 
successful LQ solving 66 of each 100 cases in 1971 
compared with 65 of every 100 cases in 1970. This 
relatively high solution ratio follows that of the 
other crimes against the person. Persons under 18 
years of age were identified in 10 percent of these 
clearances. Due to the nature of these crimes, 
arrests are frequently made upon the response of 
patrol units. This type of patrol call is hazardous 
to the officers. Since 1962, 101 officers have lost 
their lives responding to disturbance-type calls, 
which frequently involve family arguments. 

Persons Arrested 

Aggravated assault arrests for 1971 increased 70 
percent over 1960 and 25 percent since 1966. 
Since 1966 arrests of persons 18 years of age and 
over for aggravated assault have increased 23 per- 
cent and arrests of persons under 18 years of age 
for this offense have increased 35 percent. As a 
group, persons 21 years of age and over accounted 
for 69 percent of the arrests for aggravated 



assault in 1971 and those under age 21 accoimted 
for 31 percent. Arrests of males outnumbered 
females by about 7 to 1. 

Persons Charged 

Law enforcement agencies have difficulty La 
obtaining convictions based on original charge in 
the aggravated assault category. The close family 
or other relationship which exists between vic- 
tims and assailants ki this category accoimts for 
the victim's frequent unwillingness to testify for 
the prosecution. Acquittals and dismissals, there- 
fore, continue to run high, four out of each ten 
cases. Seventy-one out of every 100 adults arrested 
for aggravated assault in 1971 were prosecuted. 
Forty-three percent of the adults prosecuted for 
this offense were convicted on this charge, 17 per- 
cent were convicted of lesser charges while 20 per- 
cent of all persons processed were referred to 
juvenile court jurisdiction. 

FORCIBLE RAPE 

Forcible rape, as defined under this Program, is 
the carnal knowledge of a female through the use 
of force or the threat of force. Assaults to commit 
forcible rape are also included ; however, statutory 
rape (without force) is not counted in this cate- 
gory. Crime counts in this offense classification 
are broken down by actual forcible rapes and 
attempted forcible rapes. 

Volume 

During 1971 there was an estimated total of 
41,890 forcible rapes. Numerically, the volume 
increased by 4,240 offenses over 1970. Forcible 
rape made up less than one percent of the Crime 
Index total and 5 percent of the crimes of violence 
in 1971. The greatest volume was recorded in the 
Southern States with 31 percent of the total, 
while the Western States and North Central 
States each recorded 26 percent, and the North- 
eastern States 17 percent. 

A comparison of the month-to-month variations 
of forcible rape in 1971 with the long-term season- 
ally adjusted trend followed the pattern set for 
many years. Chart 14 reflects the month-to-month 
variations of forcible rape during 1971, as well as 
a comparison \vith the prior 5-year experience. 

Trend 

The volume of forcible rape offenses m 1971 
increased 11 percent over 1970, and 64 percent 
over 1966. This crime was committed most often 
in the large cities with 250,000 or more inhabitants 



12 



+ 70 
+ 60 
+ 50 
+ 40 
+ 30 
+ 20 
+ 10 



1966 



CHART 7 

FORCIBLE RAPE 

1966 - 1971 

PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1966 

NUMBER OF OFFENSES UP 64 PERCENT 

RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS UP 55 PERCENT 











y 










>0 






y 




c 






//' 










^ 








y^' 










^ 









1967 



1968 



1969 



1970 



1971 



FBI CHART 



13 



which accounts for 44 percent of the forcible rapes. 
In 1971, this group of cities registered an 8 percent 
increase and the suburban areas were up 10 i)er- 
cent. A rise of 7 percent was recorded in the rural 
areas. Geographically, the Southern .States were 
up 16 percent, the Northeastern States 14 percent, 
the Western States 8 percent, and the North 
Central States 7 percent. 

Forcible Rape Rate 

A crime rate equates the number of crimes per 
unit of population, and in its proper perspective, 
is a victim risk rate. In 1971, 40 out of every 
100,000 females in this country were reported 
forcible rape victims. Since 1966, the forcible rape 
victim rate has increased 55 percent. In calendar 
year 1971, the forcible rape rate increased 10 
percent over 1970. 

The large core cities recorded a victim risk rate 
of 85 per 100,000 females, w'hile the suburban area 
rate was 28 and the rural area 22. Again, as ex- 
perienced in 1970, females residing in the Western 
States were most often the victims of forcible rape. 
In these States, the forcible rape rate was 60 per 
100,000 females. The Southern States recorded a 
rate of 40, followed by the North Central and 
Northeastern States with rates of 36 and 28 per 
100,000 females respectively. 

Nature of Offenses 

In 1971, 72 percent of all ofifenses reported in 
this crime class were actual rapes by force W'hile 
the remainder were attempts or assaults to commit 
forcible rape. This offense is a violent crime 
against the person, and of all the Crime Index 
offenses, law enforcement administrators recog- 
nize that this offense is probably one of the most 
under-reported crimes due primarily to fear and/ 
or embarrassment on the part of the victims. As a 
national average, 18 percent of all forcible rapes 
reported to police were determined by investiga- 
tion to be unfounded. In other words, the police 
established that no forcible rape offense or attempt 
occurred. This is caused primarily due to the 
ciuestion of the use of force or threat of force fre- 
quently comijlicated by a prior relationship be- 
tween victim and offender. Ciimc counts in this 
publication are limited to actual offenses estab- 
lished by ijolice investigation. 

Clearartces 

The solution rate in 1971 was 55 ])ercent which 
is a 3 percent decrease from the clearance rate 
achieved in 1970. The large cities with 250,000 or 



more inhabitants had a solution rate of 55 percent, 
while the suburban law enforcement agencies 
solved 51 percent and the rural areas 70 percent. 
Nationally, 13 percent of the forcible rape offenses 
solved were cleared by the arrest of persons under 
the age of 18. 

Persons Arrested 

Males 17 to 20 years of age constituted the great- 
est concentration of arrests for forcible rape in 
1971. Total arrests for this offense increased 6 per- 
cent with the arrest of persons under 18 years of 
age up 5 percent over 1970. Sixty-four percent of 
the arrests for forcible rape during the year were of 
persons under the age of 25. All arrests for forcible 
rape hi 1971 compared to 1966 indicate an in- 
crease of 31 percent. Figures for the same years 
indicate that arrests of those under 18 years of 
age have increased 42 percent. In 1971, approxi- 
mately 50 percent of the persons arrested for 
forcible rape were Negroes, 48 percent whites, and 
all other races comprised the remainder. 

Persons Charged 

Of all adults arrested for forcible rape in 1971, 
70 percent were prosecuted for this offense. 
Prosecutive problems accounted for acquittals 
and/or dismissals in 48 percent of the cases. 
Thirty-five percent of the adults prosecuted were 
found guilty of the substantive offense and 17 
percent were convicted of lesser offenses. Juvenile 
referrals amounted to 24 percent of the persons 
processed on forcible rape charges in 1971. 

ROBBERY 

Robbery is a vicious type of crime which takes 
place in the presence of the victim to obtain 
property or a thing of value from a person by use 
of force or threat of force. Assault to commit 
robbery and attempts are included. This is a 
violent crime and frequently results in injury to 
the victim. For crime reporting purposes informa- 
tion concerning robbery is collected for armed 
robbery wiiere any weapon is used, and strong-arm 
robbery where no weapon other than a personal 
weajjon, is employed. The latter category includes 
crimes such as mugging, yoking, etc. 

Volume 

During the calendar year 1971, there were an 
estimated 385,910 robberies committed in the 
United States. This represents an increase of 
37,670 robberies over the prior year. This offense 
makes up 6 percent of the total Crime Index and 



14 



comprises 48 percent of the crimes of violence. In 
1971, these offenses occurred most frequently 
during the winter months. 

Geographically, the heaviest volume of robbery 
occuiTcd in the Northeastern States, which re- 
ported 37 percent of the total in 1971. In the other 
geographic regions the North Central States had 
26 percent, the Southern States 22 percent, and 
the remainder occured in the Western States. 

Trend 

In 1971 robbery offenses increased 11 percent in 
volume when compared with 1970. Since 1966, 
robbery has increased 145 percent. Large core 
cities over 250,000 population reported an 8 per- 
cent rise in the volume of robbery. Suburban areas 
surrounding the large core cities recorded a 17 
])ercent increase while the rural areas reported an 
upward trend of 11 percent. 

There were substantial increases in robbery in 
each geographic region. The Northeastern States 
had the sharpest increase — a 24 percent rise; while 
the Western States were u]) 14 percent, the 
Southern States 2 percent, and the North Central 
States one percent. 

The accompanying chart depicts the trend in 
the volume of robbery and the robbery rate, 
1966-1971. 

Robbery Rate 

The 1971 robbery rate of 187 victims per 100,000 
inhabitants was 9 percent above the 1970 rate and 
133 percent above the 1966 rate. Robbery is 
primarily a large city crime. American cities with 
more than 250,000 inhabitants accounted for seven 
out of every ten robberies which occurred in the 
United States during 1971. 

Cities with over 250,000 inhabitants had a rob- 
bery rate of 633 victims per 100,000 inhabitants. 
There were 70 robbery victims per 100,000 in the 
suburban areas, up 20 percent over the preceding 
year, and 15 victims in the rural portions of the 
country for each 100,000 inhabitants. Robbery 
rates in the larger cities were 9 times greater than 
the rates in the suburban areas, again pointing 
out the fact that robbery rates tend to increase 
in proportion to density of population. On a geo- 
graphic basis, this crime occurred most frequently 
in relation to population in the Northeastern 
States where the rate of 285 was 22 percent liigher 
than 1970. The Western States had a rate of 176, 
the North Central States 172, and the Southern 
States 131 per 100,000 inhabitants. 



Nature of Robbery 

Supplemental robbery information is obtained 
from cities as a part of the monthly collection of 
statistical data under this Program. In 1971, these 
figures disclosed that 55 percent of the robberies 
were committed in the street. Nationally, bank 
robbery offenses increased from 2,331 offenses in 
1970 to 2,586 offenses in 1971. The average bank 
robbery dollar loss increased from $4,166 in 1970 to 
$4,463 in 1971. 

The 1966-1971 trends in robbery by type, as 
illustrated by the following charts, show bank 
robbery has increased 122 percent. During this 
same period, gas or ser\'ice station holdups have 
increased 73 percent, chain store robberies 220 
percent, street robberies 151 percent, robberies in 
residences 167 percent, and holdups of other com- 
mercial or business establishments rose 121 
percent. 

Armed perpetrators were responsible for 65 
percent of the robbery offenses during 1971, while 
35 percent were muggings, yokings, or other violent 
confrontations where personal weapons were used 
bj^ the offender to subdue or overcome the victim. 
Since 1966, armed robbery has increased 175 
percent and strong-arm robbery 104 percent. 

Robber/ by Geographic Region 





Total 


North- 
eastern 
States 


North 
Central 
States 


Southern 
States 


Western 
States 


Armed— any weapon 

Strong-arm — no weapon. 


6S.3 
34.7 


69.6 
30.4 


61.9 
38.1 


63.9 
36.1 


62.6 
37.4 


Total.... 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 



Special surveys have indicated that approxi- 
mately 63 percent of all armed robbery is com- 
mitted with a firearm, 24 percent with a knife or 
other cutting instrument, and 13 percent with 
blunt objects such as clubs, etc. 

As it has been pointed out in prior issues of this 
publication, the full impact of this violent crime 
on the victim cannot be completely measured in 
terms of dollar loss alone. While the object of the 
attack is money or property, many victims of the 
mugger and the strong-arm robber, as well as the 
armed robber, suffer serious personal injury as a 
result of the attack. During 1971, the average 
value loss to the victims of robbery was $226 for 
a total loss of $87 million. 



15 



CHART 8 



+ 150 



1966 



ROBBERY 

1966 - 1971 



PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1966 

• NUMBER OF OFFENSES UP 145 PERCENl 

• RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS UP 133 PERCENT 




1967 



1968 



1969 



1970 



1971 



FBI CHART 



16 



STREET ROBBERY 

1966-1971 



UP 151% 





CHART 9 
+150% 






+100% 



+50% 



ROBBERY OF 
COMMERCIAL HOUSE 
1966-1971 



UP 121% 



ROBBERY OF GAS STATION 
1966-1971 



UP 73% 




+ 150% 



+100% 



+ 50% 



1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 



+ 200% 




1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1966 19B7 1968 1969 1970 1971 



ROBBERY OF RESIDENCE / 


1966-1971 / 




UP 167% / 




.^f 


ri 


/ 





+ 150% 



+foo% 



+ 50% 



BANK ROBBERY 
1966-1971 

UP 122% 


y 





/ 


,..,,:-::::::::::::: 






/ 




/hmm-. 









1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1966 1967 1968 1969 



1970 1971 

FBI CHART 



17 



Clearances 

In 1971, law enforcement agencies were suc- 
cessful in solving 27 percent of these crimes. 
Eighty percent of the robberies which were 
cleared by arrest involved adults. Fourteen per- 
cent of the armed robberies and 31 percent of the 
strong-arm type which were cleared, involved 
arrests of persons under IS years of age. 

Persons Arrested 

Nationally, arrest for robbery increased 15 per- 
cent in 1971 compared to 1970. The greatest 
volume of arrests occurred in cities and were up 
16 percent. In the rural areas arrests increased 7 
percent and in the suburban areas arrests rose 19 
percent. 

Arrest data discloses that 77 percent of the 
persons arrested for robbery were under 25 years 
of age, and 55 percent were under 21 years of age. 
Nationally, 32 percent of the persons arrested for 
robbery were under 18. This greater proportion of 
young age arrests, compared to solutions, is ac- 
counted for in part by the fact the young age 
offenders act in groups such as in strong-arm 
robbery. Robbery arrests for this young age group 
recorded an 11 percent increase in 1971 over 1970. 
In the suburban areas young persons made up 28 
percent of the arrests, and in the rural areas 18 
percent. 

In 1971, six of every 100 persons arrested for 
robbery were females. Arrests of women for this 
offense rose 19 percent in 1971 when related to 
1970. 

From a standpoint of race, 66 percent of those 
arrested were Negro, 32 percent were white, and 
all other races made up the remaining 2 percent. 

Persons Charged 

In 1971, 53 percent of all adults arrested for 
robbery were prosecuted. Forty-three percent of 
the persons processed for this crime were juveniles 
whose cases were referred to juvenile court juris- 
diction. Of the adults prosecuted in 1971, 35 
percent were con\acted of the substantive charge, 
20 percent were convicted on lesser charges, and 
45 percent were acquitted or their cases were 
dismissed. 

BURGLARY 

Under this Program, burglary is defined as the 
unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony 
or theft, even though no force was used to gain 
entrance. Collection of crime counts in this 
category is broken down into three subclassifica- 



tions: forcible entry, unlawful entry where no 
force is used, and attempted forcible entry. 

Volume 

An estimated total of 2,368,400 burglaries 
occurred during 1971. This was an increase of 
191,800 offenses over 1970. The large cities over 
250,000 population accounted for 36 percent of all 
burglaries during 1971. This offense makes up 
40 percent of the Crime Index offenses and 46 
percent of the property crimes. The Southern 
States reported 27 percent of the total volume, the 
Western States 25 percent, and the Northeastern 
States and North Central States 24 percent each. 

The highest volume of burglary offenses were 
recorded during the last half of 1971, with the 
peak month being December. 

Trend 

Since 1966, burglary has increased 70 percent. 
In 1971, burglary rose 9 percent over 1970. Cities 
over 250,000 population recorded an increase of 
4 percent while the suburban and rural areas were 
up 10 and 6 percent respectively. Regionally, the 
Northeastern States reported an increase of 10 
percent followed by the Western and North 
Central States each with an increase of 9 percent. 
The Southern States reported a 7 percent rise in 
volume. 

Burglary Rate 

During the period 1966-1971, the burglary rate 
increased 62 percent. The burglary rate rose 7 
percent m 1971 over 1970. The crime rate equates 
the number of offenses per 100,000 inhabitants 
and this continuing upswing indicates the in- 
creasing number of victims of burglary both 
residential and nonresidential. The Western States 
again recorded the highest burglary rate in 1971 
with 1,653 offenses per 100,000 inhabitants fol- 
lowed by the Northeastern States with a rate of 
1,159, the Southern States 1,012, and the North 
Central States 978. The large core cities OTth over 
250,000 inhabitants recorded a rate of 2,026 per 
100,000 inhabitants while the suburban and rural 
areas had rates of 974 and 485 respectively. 

Nature of Burglary 

As it has been pointed out in prior issues, 
burglary is a crime of stealth and opportunity 
committed by amateurs and professionals alike. 
In 1971, 77 percent of the burglaries involved 
forcible entry, while 17 percent were unlawful 
entry (without force) and 6 percent were attempts 



18 



CHART 10 



+ 70 
+ 60 
+ 50 
+ 40 
+ 30 
+ 20 
+ 10 



1966 



BURGLARY 

1966 - 1971 

PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1966 

NUMBER OF OFFENSES UP 70 PERCENT 

RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS UP 62 PERCENT 



^^ \ 



1967 



1968 



1969 



1970 



1971 



FBI CHART 



19 



R 
B 

N 

19 

u 

( 


ESIDENCE 
URGLARY 

IGHTTIME 

66-1971 

P 89% 


i 


in-ie????a 


W y^^- 




'''■■^iiiii 


/ 


y 

y 






/ 


/-:::■■'■■■■■ 















CHART 11 
+120% 



+100% 



+ 80% 



+ 60% 



+ 40% 



+ 20% 



RESIDENCE 
BURGLARY 

DA YTIME 

1966-1971 

UP 108% 




dm) 



^ Iib' issf" 







1966 



1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 



NGNRESIDENCE 
BURGLARY 

NIGHTTIME 


1966-1971 

UP 29% 


^Fff 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 


1^ 








liiii: 


/ 









+ 100% 



+ 80% 



+ 60% 



+ 40% 



+20% 




NGNRESIDENCE 
BURGLARY 



DA YTIME 

1966-1971 

UP 82% 



=£G£»SSS ; 



kL-. 



19G6 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 



,..J 
1971 



FBI CHART 



20 



to commit forcible entry. Residential burglary 
accounted for 60 percent of the total offenses 
while nonresidential burglary amounted to 40 
percent in 1971. Daytime burglaries of residences 
rose 14 percent in 1971, and accounted for over 
one-half of these residential offenses. Since 1966, 
there has been a substantial increase of 108 
percent in daytime residential burglaries. 

As a group, residential and nom-esidential 
nighttime burglary represented 62 percent of 
the total volume. Prevention and detection are 
most difficult for law enforcement agencies due 
to the tremendous volume of these offenses. In 
1971, property owners suffered an economic loss 
of $739 million, with an average dollar loss of $312 
per burglary. Residential burglary losses amounted 
to $457 million while nonresidential losses due to 
burglaries amounted to $282 million. 

Clearances 

Law enforcement agencies were successful in 
solving 19 percent of the burglary offenses in 
1971. 

Adults were identified in 65 percent of all cases 
solved while young persons under 18 years of age 
were identified in 35 percent. Law enforcement 
agencies in cities 250,000 and above solved 20 
percent of these crimes in 1971. Li the suburban 
areas 16 percent were solved while 21 percent were 
cleai'ed in the rural areas. 

Persons Arrested 

In 1971, total arrests for burglary increased 7 
percent. Arrests of persons under 18 years of age 
increased 4 percent and arrests of persons 18 
years and over, rose 10 percent. Burglary arrests 
increased 8 percent in the cities, 8 percent in 
subiu-ban areas, and the rural areas recorded a 
5 percent increase. An analysis of the period 1966- 
1971, reveals a 42 percent increase in burglary 
arrests. Arrests of individuals under the age of 
18 increased 32 percent, while arrests of adult 
burglary offenders increased 53 percent, 1966- 
1971. 

Nationally, persons under 25 accounted for 83 
percent of all arrests for burglary in 1971. Of the 
total, young persons under 18 accounted for 51 
percent of all arrests for this crime. Females 
were involved in five of every 100 arrests for 
burglary during 1971. Arrests of whites outnum- 
bered Negroes by almost 2 to 1. 



Persons Charged 

Nationally, in 1971, 72 percent of the adults 
arrested for burglary were prosecuted. Of the 
adults prosecuted, 51 percent were found guilty 
as charged, 18 percent were convicted of lesser 
charges and 31 percent were freed through acquit- 
tal or dismissal of charges. Juveniles referred to 
juvenile court jurisdiction accounted for 56 percent 
of all persons processed for burglary in 1971. 

LARCENY-THEFT 

Larceny-theft is the unlawful taking or stealing 
of property or articles of value without the use of 
force, violence, or fraud. It includes crimes such 
as shoplifting, pocket-picking, purse-snatching, 
thefts from autos, thefts of auto parts and 
accessories, bicycle thefts, etc. In the Uniform 
Crime Reporting Program this crime category 
does not include embezzlement, "con" games, 
forgery, and worthless checks. Auto theft, of 
course, is excluded from this category for crime 
reporting purposes inasmuch as it is a separate 
Crime Index offense. 

The Crime Index offense of larceny is limited to 
those thefts where the value of property stolen is 
$50 or more. 

Volume 

In 1971 there were 1,875,200 offenses of larceny 
$50 and over, up from 1,749,800 such crimes in 
1970. This offense makes up 31 percent of the 
Crime Index total. From a seasonal standpoint, 
larceny was highest in the summer months of 1971 
and reached a peak in August. 

The offense of larceny was evenly distributed in 
that each geographic region had approximately 
one-fourth of the total offenses. 

Trend 

In 1971, larceny $50 and over increased 7 percent 
over 1970 and 109 percent over 1966. The large 
cities A\dth over 250,000 inhabitants reported a 
decrease of 3 peixent in the volume of this offense. 
The suburban and rural areas, however, recorded 
increases of 13 and 9 percent respectively. 

Geogi'aphically, larceny increased 9 percent in 
the Western States, 8 percent in the North Central 
States, 6 percent in the Southern States, and 5 
percent in the Northeastern States. 

Larceny Rate 

During 1971, the larceny crime rate rose to 909 
offenses per 100,000 inhabitants, an increase of 6 
percent over the 1970 rate and double the rate of 



21 



1966. In 1971, the large core cities registered a 
crime rate of 1,241 per 100,000 inhabitants. The 
suburban larceny rate was 924 and the rural rate 
was 344. Viewed geographically, the Western 
States reported the highest larceny rate with 1,363 
offenses per 100,000 inhabitants which was 7 
percent above 1970. The Northeastern States had 
a rate of 857 up 4 percent; the North Central 
States 813 up 6 percent, and the Southern States 
784 reported an increase of 4 percent in the rate. 

Nature of Larceny-Theft 

The average value of property stolen in each 
larceny in 1971 was $110, up from $90 m 1966, and 
$74 in 1960. This average value includes losses 
from the large number of thefts under $50 in 
value. When average value is applied to the esti- 
mated crimes in this category, the dollar loss to 
victims was in excess of $485 million. It is true that 
a portion of the goods stolen was recovered and 
retiu-ned to victims, but the relatively low per- 
centage of these crimes cleared by arrest, and the 
lack of specific identification characteristics on 
such property indicates these recoveries will not 
materially reduce the overall loss. In addition, 
many offenses in this category, particularly where 
the value of the stolen goods is small, never come 
to police attention. 

Since dollar valuation of property stolen in 
thefts determines whether or not a theft becomes 
a Crime Index offense, economic conditions are a 
factor. The rising cost of living with its upward 
influence on prices, coupled with increased demand 
for more expensive commodities, present greater 
criminal opportunity and also affects the larceny 
$50 and over trend. 

In 1964, the FBI began an expanded collection 
of data on larceny by type. It should be noted that 
the percent distribution of larceny by type and 
area is significant. Likewise, the trend in "street 
larceny," without relation to dollar loss, suggests 
a better indicator of this crime experience than the 
present reporting subdivisions of "larceny $50 
and over in value" and "larceny imder $50 in 
value." In this regard, it should be noted that the 
category "street larceny" will include pocket- 
picking, purse-snatching, thefts from autos, auto- 
mobile accessories, thefts from coin-operated 
machines, and "all other" larceny. The "street 
larceny" category will replace "larceny $50 and 
over" as the Crime Index offense in 1973. 



The term "street larceny" is used to identify 
this group of thefts since they generally occur 
within reach of police patrols. When "street lar- 
cenies" are used collectively, a larceny decrease of 
one percent was registered, 1971 over 1970, and 
a 57 percent increase, 1971 over 1966. During the 
same periods, larceny $50 and over in value in- 
creased 7 percent and 109 percent respectively. 

In 1971, the average value of goods and prop- 
erty reported stolen from victims of pickpockets 
was $85, by purse-snatchers $50, by shoplifters 
$25, by thefts from autos $149, and by miscellan- 
eous thefts from buildings $202. 

The accompanying table presents distribution 
of larceny by type for large cities, suburban, and 
rural areas. Cities and suburban areas appear to 
have similar experience except for pocket-picking 
and purse-snatching which are considerably less 
in the suburban areas. This, of course, is to be 
expected as these theft opportunities flourish 
where population and business houses are highly 
concentrated. It is interesting to note that figures 
for shoplifting are quite similar in the city and 
suburban areas while there is a decided drop in 
the rural area. The shopping center which is still 
largely absent in rural areas contributes substan- 
tially to these figures. Thefts from autos made 
up 20 percent of larceny in large cities over 
250,000 in population, 15 percent in suburban 
areas, and 14 percent in rural areas. 

Larceny Analysis, 1971 

(Percent distribution] 



Classification 



Pocket-picking 

Purse-snatcliing 

ShoplUting 

From autos (except accessories) 

Auto accessories 

Bicycles 

From buildings 

From coin-operated machines. . 
All others 

Total 



Total 
United 
States 



1.1 

2.7 
9.6 
18.0 
18.9 
17.0 
16.3 
1.6 
14.9 



100.0 



Cities 

over 

250,000 



Suburban 



2.6 
5.6 
8.9 
20.2 
20.6 
12.4 
17.9 
1.2 
10.9 



100.0 



0.3 

1.6 
9.6 
14.7 
20.9 
18.7 
15.6 
1.3 
17.6 



100.0 



Rural 



0.2 
.3 

3.7 
13.8 
14.9 

4.8 
16.8 

1.7 
44.8 



100.0 



From year to year, the distribution of larceny 
as to type of theft remains relatively constant. As 
in prior years, a major portion of these thefts, 37 
percent, represented thefts of auto parts and acces- 
sories and other thefts from automobiles. Other 



22 



CHART 12 



+ 110 
+ 100 
+ 90 
+ 80 
+ 70 
+ 60 
+ 50 
+ 40 
+ 30 
+ 20 
+ 10 



LARCENY 

($50 AND OVER) 

1966 - 1971 



PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1966 

NUMBER OF OFFENSES UP 109 PERCENT 

RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS UP 99 PERCENT 



/^ 

X / 
X ^ 

X ' 
X ' 
X / 
X / 

X / 

y • 
/*' 

X/ 

fi 

x/ 

X/ 
X/ 
X/ 

X-^ 

x5^ 

X/ 
X/ 
/> 
ji 

X' 
X' 
X' 

x^ 

x^ 

y/ 
y> 
y/ 

X' 

^^ 



1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 



FBI CHART 



23 



CHART 13 
+ 140% 



POCKET-PICKING 

1966-1971 



UP 42% 




PURSE-SNATCHING 

1966-1971 




i96e 



1967 1968 



1969 



1970 



1971 



1966 



1967 



1968 



1969 



1970 



1971 



SHOPLIFTING 

1966-1971 

UP 84% 






1966 1967 1968 1969 



1970 



THEFT OF AUTO ACCESSORIES 

1966-1971 

UP 40% 



1966 



1967 



1968 



1969 



1970 



1971 




+ 100% 

+ 80% 
+ 60% 

+ 40% 

+ 20% 



+ 100% 



THEFT FROM AUTOS 

1966-1971 



UP 57% 



1966 



1967 



1968 



1969 



1970 



1971 



THEFT OF BICYCLES 

1966-1971 

UP 57% 




1971 



1966 



1967 



1968 



1969 



1970 1971 

FBI CHART 



24 



major types of thefts which contributed to the 
large number of these crimes were thefts from 
buildings, 16 percent and stolen bicycles, 17 per- 
cent. Miscellaneous types of larcenies, not falling 
into any of the specific categories for which sta- 
tistics were collected, made up 15 percent of the 
total. The remainder was distributed among 
l)ocket-picking, purse-snatching, shoplifting, and 
thefts from coin-operated machines. 

Clearances 

The nature of larceny, a crime of opportunity, 
sneak thievery, and petty unobserved thefts, 
makes it an extremely difficult one for law enforce- 
ment officers to solve. A lack of witnesses and the 
tremendous volume of these crimes work in the 
offender's favor. In 1971, 19 percent of all larceny 
offenses brought to police attention were solved. 
Involvement of the young age group is demon- 
strated by the fact that 40 percent of these crimes 
which were cleared in the Nation's cities were 
solved by arrest of persons under 18 years of age. 
Juvenile clearance figures for suburban areas and 
rural areas were 42 percent and 26 percent 
respectively. 

The larceny clearance percentage for the cities 
over 250,000 inhabitants was 19 percent. The 
suburbs reported a 16 percent clearance rate and 
the rural areas a 19 percent rate. 

Persons Arrested 

Forty-eight percent of the total arrests for 
serious crimes in 1971 were for larceny. Arrests for 
this crime were up 7 percent, 1971 over 1970. 
Fifty percent of these arrests were of persons 
under 18 years of age and when individuals under 
21 were considered, the ratio rose to two-thirds. 
When examined by sex of arrested persons, it was 
determined that females comprised 28 percent of 
all arrests for larceny-theft and had a higher 
involvement in this offense than for any of the 
Index offenses. In fact, women were arrested more 
often for larceny than any other offense in 1971. 

Ai-rests of females rose 8 percent in 1971; while 
arrests of males increased 7 percent. Arrests of 
whites out-numbered Negroes by 2 to 1 with all 
other races comprising about two percent of the 
arrests for larceny-theft. The total volume of 
arrests for larceny-theft in 1971, as compared with 
the 1966 figures, indicates a 53 percent increase. 
Arrests of individuals under 18 were 37 percent 
greater than 1966. The number of adult arrests 
rose 74 percent over the number of arrests for this 
offense in 1966. 



Persons Charged 

As in prior years, law enforcement agencies 
nationally charged more than twice as many 
offenders for larceny-theft than for any other Crime 
Index offense. Seventy-one percent of the adults 
prosecuted for larceny-theft were found guilty of 
this offense, 6 percent were found guilty of a 
lesser charge, and 23 percent had their cases dis- 
missed or were acquitted. Thirty percent of persons 
processed in 1971 for larceny were referred to 
juvenile court jurisdiction. 

AUTO THEFT 

In Uniform Crime Reporting, auto theft is 
defined as the unlawful stealing or driving away 
of a motor vehicle, including attempts. This 
definition excludes taking for temporary use by 
those persons having lawful access to the vehicle. 
Volume 

In 1971, 941,600 motor vehicles were reported 
stolen. Geographically, the volume of auto theft 
was highest in the Northeastern States which 
reported 32 percent of the total number followed 
by the North Central States with 25 percent. 
The Western States reported 22 percent and the 
Southern States reported the remainder. This 
crime made up 16 percent of the total Crime 
Index offenses. Seasonal variations during 1971 
disclosed auto theft was highest during the months 
July through October. 

Trend 

Auto thefts in 1971 volumewise increased 2 
percent over 1970; however, this was the smallest 
increase of any Crime Index offense. The number 
of auto thefts has increased 69 percent since 1966. 
As it has been pointed out in prior issues, it 
should be remembered that it is invalid to assume 
more auto thefts occur solely because of more 
automobile registrations. From 1966 tlirough 
1971, the percentage increase in auto theft has 
been more than double the percentage increase in 
automobile registrations. 

Auto theft decreased one percent in large cities 
with 250,000 or more inhabitants while the 
suburban areas registered a 6 percent increase. 
The rural areas decreased less than one percent. 

Geographically, auto thefts were up 6 percent 
in the Northeastern States. The Western States 
reported a rise of 4 percent, and the Southern and 
North Central States each reported a decrease of 
one percent. The accomimnying chart shows the 
trend in auto thefts, 1966-1971. 

25 



472-311 0-72-3 



CHART 14 



CRIMES 



KEY: ---- 1966-1970 MOVING AVERAGE 



AGAINST THE PERSON 



+ 30% 




30% 



JAN 



FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. 



20% S 



WmQUmiT MAHSLAmHTER 




JAN. FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. PEC. 



+ 20% 




- 30% tii: 



JAN. FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC 



+ 30% tvT; 



- 20% 



IC 



ANNUAL 



AVERAGE 

- 10% 

- 20% 
30% 



ImSMVATEB ASSAULT 



I -^ 







26 



CHART 14 (Continued) 

BY MONTH 



VARIATION FROM 1971 ANNUAL AVERAGE 

AGAINST PROPERTY 



+ 30% 




JAN. FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. 




- 30 

JAN 

+ 30% 
+ 20^ 



+ 10% 

ANNUAL 



FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. 
LAmEUY 




JAN. FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. 



+ 30 



+ 20% 




FBI CHART 



27 



CHART 15 



+ 70 
+ 60 
+ 50 
+ 40 
+ 30 
+ 20 
+ 10 



AUTO THEFT 

1966 - 1971 

PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1966 

NUMBER OF OFFENSES UP 69 PERCENT 

RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS UP 60 PERCENT 



X/ 

A 



1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 



FBI CHART 



28 



Aufo Theft Rate 

The 1971 auto theft rate of 457 offenses per 
100,000 inhabitants showed an increase of less than 
one percent over 1970. Since 1966, the auto theft 
rate has risen 60 percent. Citizens in cities with 
over one miUion population were deprived more 
often of their motor vehicles in 1971 than in any 
other population group, with almost 12 thefts per 
1,000 inhabitants. 

Nationally, the auto theft rate in large core 
cities with 250,000 or more inhabitants was 1,099 
which was a decrease of 2 percent as compared to 
the rate in 1970. The suburban areas had an in- 
crease of 6 percent in the auto theft rate wliich 
was 306 per 100,000 inhabitants in 1971. The rural 
areas had an auto theft rate of 70 which was a 2 
percent decrease compared to 1970. 

Regionally the Northeastern States had the 
highest auto theft rate in 1971. Tliis rate was 600 
and an increase of 5 percent over 1970. The 
Western States had a rate of 581 per 100,000 
inhabitants which was an increase of 2 percent. 
The North Central States had a rate of 410 which 
was 2 percent lower than the prior year and the 
Southern States reported a decrease of 3 per- 
cent in the auto theft rate to 318 auto thefts per 
100,000 inhabitants. 

Across the Nation in 1971, one of every 100 
registered automobiles was stolen. Regionally, this 
rate was the highest in the Northeastern States 
where 15 cars per 1,000 registered vehicles were 
stolen. In the other three regions the figures were 
12 in the Western States, 9 in the North Central 
States, and 7 in the Southern States. 

Nature of Auto Theft 

Auto theft rates again clearly indicate that this 
crime is primarily a large city problem, since the 
highest rates appear in the most heavily populated 
sections of the Nation. In 1971, the average value 
of stolen automobiles was $933 at the time of 
theft. 
Clearances 

Due to the fact that prior studies have docu- 
mented two-thirds of all auto thefts occur at 
night and over one-half are from private residences, 
apartments, or streets in residential districts, law 
enforcement agencies were successful in solving 
only 16 percent of these thefts by arrest of the 
offender. These crimes occur under cover of dark- 
ness, and there are seldom any witnesses to the 
theft. On the other hand, police nationally are 



successful in recovering about 82 percent of all 
stolen cars. Over one-half of the stolen vehicles 
are taken and recovered within 48 hours. Although 
recovery of the vehicle does not clear the offense, 
the property is available for return to the victim. 
This high recovery percentage can be attributed 
to the fact that approximately 75 percent of all 
cars stolen are used for transportation or the pur- 
pose of the theft is unknown. The remainder were 
taken for resale, stripping for parts, or use in 
another crime. 

In the Nation's largest cities 16 percent of auto 
thefts were cleared during 1971. Police in the sub- 
urban areas were again somewhat more successful, 
clearing 17 percent. Throughout the Nation auto 
theft clearance percentages ranged from 13 percent 
in the Middle Atlantic States to 22 percent in the 
West North Central States. 

In all geographic divisions and population 
groups the participation of the young age group 
population is indicated by the high proportion of 
these clearances which were through the arrest of 
persons under 18 years of age. In the large core 
cities, 35 percent of the auto thefts were cleared by 
arrests in this age group while juveniles accounted 
for 41 percent of the solutions in the suburbs and 
34 percent in the rural areas. 

Persons Arrested 

As in prior years, persons arrested for auto theft 
come primarily from the young age group popu- 
lation. In 1971, 53 percent of all persons arrested 
for this crime were under 18 years of age. When 
persons under 21 are included in the computa- 
tions, the proportion of arrests rises to 72 percent. 

The national trend in auto theft arrests dis- 
closed an increase of less than one percent in 1971 
when compared to 1970. Adult arrests rose 8 per- 
cent while arrests of persons under 18 decreased 
6 percent. During the period 1966-1971, auto 
theft arrests increased 14 percent. 

Of all crimes against property, next to burglary, 
auto theft as measured by arrest showed the least 
participation by females. Females under 18 years 
of age recorded a decrease of less than one percent 
in arrests for auto theft. White persons made up 62 
percent of the arrests for auto theft, Negroes 35 
percent, and all other races the remainder. 

Persons Charged 

Police reports disclosed that of all persons for- 
mally processed for auto theft in 1971, 64 percent 
were referred to juvenile court jurisdiction. No 
other Crime Index offense results in such a high 



29 



CHART 16 




CRIME CLOCKS 



SERIOUS CRIMES 

n EACH MINUTE 




FORCIBLE RAPE 

ONE EVERY 13 '^'f^UTES 



BURGLARY 

ONE EVERY 13 SECONDS 




VIOLENT CRIMES 

MURDER, FORCIBLE RAPE. 
ROBBERY OR ASSAULT TO KILL 

ONE EVERY 39 SECONDS 



MURDER 

ONE EVERY 30 f^lNUTES 





AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 

ONE EVERy86 SECONDS 



LARCENY 
($50 and over) 

ONE every 17 SECONDS 



3 



ROBBERY 

ONE EVERY 82 SECONDS 




AUTO THEFT 

ONE EVERY 33 SECONDS 



FBI CHART 



30 



percentage of juvenile referrals. When the re- 
maining adult offenders were considered as a group, 
46 percent of those prosecuted on charges of auto 
theft were found guilty as charged, 15 percent were 
convicted of lesser charges, and 39 percent were 
acquitted or their cases were dismissed. 

CLEARANCES 

In this Program police clear a crime when they 
have identified the offender, have sufficient evi- 
dence to charge him, and actually take him into 
custody. Crime solutions are also recorded in 
exceptional instances when some element beyond 
police control precludes the placing of formal 
charges against the offender, such as the victim's 
refusal to prosecute after the offender is identified 
or local prosecution is declined because the subject 
is being prosecuted elsewhere for a crime com- 
mitted in another jurisdiction. The arrest of one 
person can clear several crimes or several persons 
may be arrested in the process of clearing one 
crime. 

Law enforcement agencies in the Nation cleared 
20 percent of Index Crimes durmg 1971. In 1971 
law enforcement agencies solved 84 percent of the 
murder offenses, 55 percent of forcible rapes, 66 
percent of aggravated assaults, and 27 percent of 
the robberies. Solutions in the property crime 
categories showed police cleared 19 percent of the 
burglaries, 19 percent of the larcenies, and 16 
percent of the auto thefts. Police are able to clear 
a higher percentage of the crimes against the per- 
son, not only because of the more intense investi- 
gative effort afforded these violent crimes re- 
quiring poHce attention, but more importantly, 
because ^ntnesses are usually available who can 
identify the perpetrators. 

The highest overall Crime Index clearance rate 
regionally was recorded by the Southern States 
\vith 22 percent, followed by the North Central 
States with 20 percent, the Western States with 
19 percent, and the Northeastern States ^vdth 17 
percent. 

The accompanying chart reveals crime and 
police clearance experience for the last five years. 
From 1966 to 1971 the Crime Index offenses rose 
83 percent. Police response to this sharp upward 
trend was a 44 percent increase in the number of 
arrests for Crime Index type offenses. However, 
the clearance rate, which relates the number of 
knowia offenses cleared, has declined. In 1966, the 
ratio of Crime Index offenses cleared to crimes 



reported was 24 out of 100. In 1971, for each 100 
Crime Index offenses 20 were cleared. 

There are a number of factors influencing the 
overall police solution rate. These include court 
decisions which have resulted in restrictions on 
police investigative and enforcement practices; 
increases of police workloads in criminal and non- 
criminal matters, riots, disturbances, marches, 
etc. The almost constant rate of police strength is 
not commensurate with the sharp increase in 
crime and the increasing mobility of those who 
commit crimes. 

Offenses Cleared by Arrest of Juveniles 

One means of measuring the involvement of the 
young age group in crime is to identify the num- 
ber of crimes in which they are the offenders. 
In 1971, 28 percent of all Crime Index offenses 
solved involved persons under 18 years of age, 
while persons 10 to 17 years of age account for 
about 16 percent of the total United States 
population. 

PERSONS ARRESTED 

In 1971, law enforcement agencies made an 
estimated 8.6 million arrests nationally for all 
criminal acts except traffic offenses. The arrest 
rate was 44 arrests for each 1,000 persons. In 
1970, there were 43 arrests for each 1,000 in- 
habitants. The arrest rate for big cities as a 
group was 61 per 1,000 inhabitants, up from 58 
in 1970; for suburban areas 33, up from 29 in 
the prior year; and in the rural areas the arrest 
rate rose to 22, up from 20 arrests per 1,000 
people in 1970. 

Arrests are primarily a measure of police ac- 
tivity. Arrest practices, policies, and enforce- 
ment emphasis mil vary from place to place and 
\vithin a community from time to time. The 
volume of police arrests for certain unla\vful con- 
duct such as drunkenness, disorderly conduct, and 
certain local ordinances is particularly influenced 
by the above. On the other hand, robbery, bur- 
glary, and other arrests for serious crimes are 
more likely the result of standard procedures. 
Arrests are first a measure of police acti\'ity as it 
relates to crime. Arrests do, however, pro\ade a 
useful index to measure involvement in criminal 
acts by the age, sex, and race of the perpetrators, 
particularly for those crimes which have a high 
solution rate. Procedures used in this Program 
require that an arrest be counted on each separate 
occasion when a person is taken into custody, 



31 



CHART 17 



CRIMES CLEARED BY ARREST 

1971 



AGAINST THE PERSON 



NOT CLEARED 



CLEARED 



AGAINST PROPERTY 



NOT CLEARED 



ROBBERY 



BURGLARY 



LARCENY 



AUTO THEFT 



CLEARED 



27% 



19% 



19% 



16% 







MURDER 84% 






NEGLIGENT noo/ 
MANSLAUGHTER 0*5/0 




WMi:: 




FORCIBLE rro/ 

RAPE 30/o 




















AGGRAVATED qpo/ 
ASSAULT 00 /o 





FBI CHART 



32 



CHART 18 



+ 100 
+ 90 
+ 80 
+ 70 
+ 60 
+ 50 
+ 40 
+ 30 
+ 20 
+ 10 



-10 



-20 



1966 



CRIME AND CRIMES CLEARED 

1966 - 1971 
PERCENT CHANGE OVER 1966 



1967 



1968 



1969 



1970 




CRIME INDEX 
UP 83% 



CRIMES 
CLEARED 
UP 49% 



INDEX-TYPE 

ARRESTS 

UP 44% 




CLEARANCE 
RATE 
'^2T^ I DOWN 19% 



FBI CHART 



33 



notified, or cited. Arrests do not measure the 
number of individuals taken into custody since 
one person may be arrested several times during 
the year for the same or different offenses. As 
noted above, this happens frequently for certain 
types of offenses against pubUc order such as 
drunkenness, vagrancy, disorderly conduct, and 
related violations. 

Arrest Trends 

In 1971, police arrests for all offenses except 
traffic increased 3 percent over 1970. During this 
time arrests of persons under 18 years of age in- 
creased 5 percent and arrests of persons 18 years 
of age and over increased 3 percent. When only 
the serious crimes are used to compute this trend, 
the increase was 5 percent for persons under 18 
years of age and 9 percent for those 18 years of age 
and over, with an increase of 7 percent for all ages. 

During the five-year period, 1966-1971, police 
arrests increased 26 percent with the arrests of 
persons under 18 years of age up 40 percent and 
the arrests of persons 18 years of age and over up 
22 percent. When only the serious crimes are used 
in computing this five-year trend, the increase was 
44 percent. Arrested persons under 18 years of age 
increased 31 percent while the adult arrests in- 
creased 57 percent. Adult arrests for violent crimes 
were up 44 percent and for property crimes 64 
percent. Violent crime arrests for persons under 18 
years of age increased 65 percent while the prop- 
erty crime arrests increased 28 percent. 

Age 

Nationally, persons under 15 years of age made 
up 10 percent of the total police arrests; under 18, 
26 percent; under 21, 40 percent; and under 25, 54 
percent. In the suburban areas, the involvement of 
the young age groups in poUce arrests is again 
markedly higher than the national figures with the 
under 15 age group represented in 13 percent; 
under 18, 34 percent; under 21, 50 percent; and 
imder 25, 63 percent. In the rural areas the dis- 
tributions were lower for the younger age groups, 
with the under 15 group being involved in 5 per- 
cent; under 18 in 19 percent; under 21 in 36 per- 
cent; and those under 25, 52 percent of total police 
arrests. When only the serious crimes are con- 
sidered, 19 percent of all arrests in 1971 were for 
persons under the age of 15 and almost one-half 
were under 18 years of age. 



In reviewing arrest figures, it is important to 
keep in mind that poUce arrest practices and 
emphasis vary which will account for some varia- 
tions in these statistics from year to year. It is 
noted arrests of persons under 18 for Narcotic 
Drug Law violations have increased sharply in 
recent years. In fact, in 1971, 52 percent of the 
individuals arrested for violations of the Narcotic 
Drug Laws were persons under 21 years of age. It 
shoxild be noted that in 1966 one-third of the per- 
sons arrested for Narcotic Drug Law violations 
were under 21 years of age. Twenty-six percent of 
the marijuana arrests in 1971 were persons under 
the age of 18 and 62 percent of the arrests for this 
offense involved persons under 21 years of age. 

Arrests for Narcotic Drug Law violations 1971 
over 1970 were up 11 percent nationally. From 
1966 to 1971, arrests for this violation increased 
469 percent. There is set forth a tabulation by 
geographic region showing the type of narcotic 
drug involved in the arrest of the offender in 1971. 

Narcotic Drug Laws 

IPercent] 



Begion 


Heroin 

or 
cocaine 


Marijuana 


Synthetic 
narcotics 


other 


Northeastern States 


83.2 
21.2 
19.4 
12.8 


33.4 
82.6 
SO. 3 
82.4 


4.0 

6.9 
8.2 
8.0 


9.4 




19.4 




22.1 


Western States 


28.9 






Total 


28.6 


48.9 


6.8 


19.0 







Sex 

Male arrests outnumbered female arrests 6 to 1 
in 1971. Male arrests in 1971 rose by 3 percent, 
while female arrests were up 7 percent. Females 
were arrested in 17 percent of the serious or Crime 
Index type offenses. Ten percent of the arrests 
for violent crimes in 1971 involved females and 
arrests of females for these types of crimes in- 
creased 14 percent, 1971 over 1970. Again, as in 
prior years their involvement was primarily for 
larceny, which accounted for 18 percent of all 
female arrests. In fact, 19 percent of all property 
crime arrests in 1971 were of females. Females 
accounted for 25 percent of the forgery, 29 percent 
of the fraud, 25 percent of the embezzlement, and 
16 percent of the narcotics arrests. Over one-half of 
the runaway — poUce custody cases — were girls 
under 18 years of age. 



34 



The five-year arrest trends, 1966-1971, revealed 
that arrests for young females under 18 years of 
age increased 79 percent, while arrests for young 
males under 18 rose 32 percent. When the serious 
crimes, as a group, are considered, arrests of males 
1966-1971, were up 39 percent and female arrests 
increased 80 percent. 

Arrest Rates 

The following table sets forth arrest rates by 
geographic regions for Crime Index type ofiFenses. 
Arrest rates indicate law enforcement activity in 
response to crime. 

Arrests by Region, 1971 

[Rate per 100,000 inhabitants] 



Offense 



Murder 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault. 

Burglary 

Larceny 

Auto theft 

Total 



North- 
eastern 
States 


North 
Central 
States 


Southern 
States 


7.1 


8.8 


12.7 


8.6 


9.6 


12.2 


83.4 


65.3 


64.4 


81.2 


69.0 


119.6 


173.7 


170.7 


•20i.8 


302.1 


466.8 


446.2 


72.1 


69.6 


67.6 


728.0 


828.8 


916.3 



Western 
States 



8.6 

13.1 

73.0 

111.3 

295.2 
672.1 
151.2 



1,224.6 



PERSONS CHARGED 

Disposition data reveals the results of cases in 
which law enforcement agencies have made an 
arrest and subsequently formally charged the 
offender in a court of jurisdiction. This information 
is important to the law enforcement administrator 
in evaluating the quahty of investigations and 
court presentation functions. 

In 1971, 82 percent of the adults arrested for 
Crime Index type offenses were prosecuted in the 
courts. Of the adults prosecuted for Crime Index 
offenses, 60 percent were found guilty as charged 
and 11 percent of a lesser charge. 

It must be recognized that not all arrested 
persons are turned over to the courts for prose- 
cution. There are various reasons for this: failure 
of the victim to cooperate or appear for the 
prosecution, persons arrested are released with a 
warning, evidence is obtained which discloses the 
arrested person did not commit the offense, or 
there is not sufficient evidence obtainable to 
support either a formal charge or a subsequent 
prosecution. 



For example, about one-half of the juveniles 
arrested are handled by the individual law 
enforcement agencies without preferring a formal 
charge or referring them to juvenile authorities. 
All contributors to this Program are urged to 
obtain and report final disposition in cases 
involving persons they arrest. Tables containing 
this data commence on page 110. Keep in mind 
that police methods of handling juvenile offenders 
differ widely. Also, the tables concerning juveniles 
(local age limit) refer to those who were arrested 
and turned over to juvenile authorities in connec- 
tion with specific criminal acts. 

In 1971, 33 percent of the murder defendants 
were either acquitted or their cases dismissed at 
some prosecutive stage. Forty-eight percent of 
those charged with forcible rape were acquitted 
or had their cases dismissed, and 40 percent of the 
persons charged with aggravated assault won their 
freedom through acquittal or dismissal. 

Of the adults who were prosecuted for Crime 
Index offenses, 29 percent were acquitted or their 
cases were dismissed. Larceny, 71 percent, re- 
corded the highest percentage for persons found 
guilty on the original charge in 1971. This was fol- 
lowed by 51 percent on the original charge for 
burglary, 46 percent for auto theft, 44 percent for 
murder, 43 percent for aggravated assault, 35 per- 
cent for robbery, and 35 percent for forcible rape. 
The offense which had the highest percentage guilt j^ 
of a lesser charge was murder where 23 percent 
of the defendants were convicted on some charge 
other than murder. 

Thirty-nine percent of the persons processed 
for the Crime Index categories were yoimg persons 
referred to juvenile court jurisdiction. Again, as in 
1970, juvenile referrals were highest for auto theft 
with 64 percent of those processed for this offense, 
56 percent burglary, 43 percent robbery, 30 per- 
cent larceny, 24 percent forcible rape, 20 percent 
aggravated assault, and 13 percent murder. 

During 1971, as in past years, auto theft, arson, 
burglary, and vandalism recorded high percentages 
of juvenile referrals. When all crime categories are 
reviewed, it is noted that convictions on original 
charges remained high in the offenses against 
public order and decency — driving under the 
influence, drunkenness, disorderly conduct, and 
vagrancy. As in prior years, offenses against trust, 
such as fraud and embezzlement, also recorded a 
high percentage of conviction on original charges. 



35 



CAREERS IN CRIME 

From January, 1963, through December, 1969, 
the Uniform Crime Reporting Program processed 
criminal history data on some 240,000 offenders 
for statistical use. This study has been used to 
document the extent to which criminal recidivism 
over a period of time contributes to annual crime 
counts and has also been used to show the need for 
the centraUzation of law enforcement information 
at the state and national level in view of criminal 
repeating and mobiUty. This offender based study 
was made possible by the cooperative exchange of 
criminal fingerprint data among local, state, and 
Federal law enforcement agencies. While the basis 
of selection in this study was a Federal offense, it 
should be kept in mind that most Federal criminal 
violations are also violations of local and state 
laws. The offender transaction records examined 
in this study are, therefore, believed to be com- 
parable to the local and state experience for the 
more serious violators. 

The Careers in Crime study brought to the Uni- 
form Crime Reporting Program valuable statistical 
experience in the field of criminal histories, and 
has demonstrated the use of offender based 
transaction information to measure the success 
or failure of the entire criminal justice system. The 
key to the effectiveness of the system is in knowing 
what happened to the people who were handled or 
treated by the criminal justice process, specifically, 
whether they were deterred from further criminal 
acts and/or rehabilitated. 

Since January, 1970, the FBI has been convert- 
ing Federal offenders' records to computer form for 
the operational Computerized Criminal History 
(CCH) file. Although this is an operational 
program, it was designed and established with full 
recognition of the statistical and research potential 
of offender based data. 

A summary of 68,914 offenders in the CCH file 
who were arrested during 1971 is set out in the 
following tables. Of these 68,914 individuals, 
47,197 (68 percent) were repeat offenders. These 
offenders had an average criminal career of six 
years and two months (number of years between 
first and last arrest) during wluch time they were 
arrested an average of four times each. The 68,914 
offenders had a documented total of 294,000 
charges during their criminal careers, with 79,242 
convictions and 28,488 imprisonments of sLx 
months or more. 



Of the 47,197 repeat offenders, 23,114 were 
rearrested in states other than that where first 
arrested. Of the 23,114 "mobile" offenders 4,780 
were arrested in three different states and 3,952 
were arrested in four or more different states. 

It should be kept in mind that this presenta- 
tion is conservative and understates the amount 
of crime committed by these offenders since it is 
based on poUce detection, arrest, and submission 
of a fingerprint card. As indicated in earlier pages 
of this publication, law enforcement agencies do 
not clear or solve most crimes. Only one-fifth of 
the serious crimes committed during 1971 were 
solved by arrest. It is also true that the prior 
conviction and imprisonment rates are slightly 
lower than actual because police agencies do not 
always submit such data after arrest, conviction, 
and release. In fact, disposition has not been 
received on over 150,000 of the 294,000 charges. 

A profile of criminal repeating for selected 
offenders is shown in the following table. Average 
age for the first arrest is high because of the general 
practice not to submit criminal fingerprint cards 
on juveniles. Criminal career is the average years 
between the first and last arrest. 

The offender profile is classified by type of 
crime for which arrested in 1971. 

When criminal repeating is viewed by type of 
crime for which arrested in 1971, repeaters ranged 
from 33 percent for the embezzler to 77 percent 
for the murderer. The predatory crime offenders 
had high repeat rates with 75 percent of the 
robbers and auto thieves and 73 percent of the 
burglars arrested in 1971 being repeat offenders. 
Like\\-ise, 63 percent of the narcotic offenders who 
were frequent users were repeaters. 

The Careers in Crime study has consistently 
documented the fact that the younger age group 
shows- a greater frequency of repeating. This fact 
calls for greater rehabilitation efforts directed at 
the young offender, if hardened criminal careers 
are to be aborted. 

Over half of the offenders under 20 years of 
age who were arrested in 1971 were repeat 
offenders. These repeat offenders under 20 were 
rearrested more frequently than any other age 
group, with an arrest every 4 months. The arrest 
rate for the other age groups were: 20-24 years, 
every 9 months; 25-29 years, every 14 months; 
30-34 years, every 18 months; 35-39 years, 
every 22 months; 40-49 years, every 28 months; 
and over 50 years of age, once every 38 months. 



36 



CHART 19 



BY TYPE OF CRIME 

PERSONS ARRESTED IN 1971 



FORGERY 

AUTO THEFT 

ROBBERY 

BURGLARY 

ASSAULT 

FRAUD 

GAMBLING 

WEAPONS 

LARCENY 

NARCOTICS 

EMBEZZLEMENT 

ALL OTHERS 

TOTAL 



idm 



71% 



11 



FBI CHART 



37 



Profile of Offenders Arrested During 1971 

[By last charge in 1971] 





Total 


Murder 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Rape 


Robbery 


Burglary 


Larceny 


Auto 
theft 




68,914 

30 

24 

6 

4 

31.6 
20.3 
11.5 
36.7 

19.9 
8.9 
5.2 
9.5 

51.0 
30.5 
10.1 
8.4 


760 

31 

23 

8 

5 

22.8 
21.1 
12.0 
44.1 

18.3 
9.9 
6.1 

11.3 

49.7 
30.1 
11.4 
8.8 


4,291 
32 
24 
8 
4 

29.2 
23.1 
12.3 
35.4 

19.4 
8.5 
6.2 
8.6 

66.1 
31.7 

8.2 
5.0 


496 
26 
21 
6 
4 

34.7 

21.8 

9.9 

33.6 

13.5 
7.3 
3.0 

8.1 

55.6 

27.6 

9.3 

7.7 


3,823 
25 
20 
5 
6 

25.1 
17.2 
12.3 
45.4 

17.8 
9.8 
6.2 

10.0 

66.4 
27.8 
9.4 

7.4 


3,387 

25 

20 

6 

6 

27.3 
18.7 
11.4 
42.6 

16.6 
8.2 
5.3 

10.0 

57.4 

27.1 

9.0 

6.5 


6,937 
29 
23 
6 
4 

33.7 

21.4 
10.4 
34.6 

22.4 
8.6 
4.1 
9.6 

56.3 
28.7 
9.3 
6.7 


3,510 




27 




21 




6 


Average number of charges during criminal career 

Frequency of charges (percent of total subjects) : 


6 
25.3 




17.4 




11.6 




46.7 


Frequency of convictions (percent of total subjects): 


17.9 




9.4 




7.1 




14.9 


Mobility (percent of persons rearrested) : 

One State -- 


32.0 


Two States - 


34.1 


Three States - -- 


16.3 




17.6 








Forgery 


Embezzle- 
ment 


Fraud 


Weapons 


Narcotics 


Gambling 


Stolen 
property 


All other 
offenses 




2,467 
30 
23 

5 

24.4 
17.2 
11.0 
47.4 

IB. 2 
11.1 
6.6 
15.4 

49.7 
27.1 
11.2 
12.0 


1,227 

32 

29 

3 

2 

67.4 
16.2 
6.4 
10.0 

20.4 
3.6 
1.6 
1.6 

67.7 

29.5 

5.8 

7,0 


3,505 
34 

27 
7 
4 

30.3 
22.6 
12.5 
34.7 

20.2 
8.8 
4.4 
8.5 

48.8 

30.4 

9.9 

10.9 


3,913 

32 

24 

8 

4 

31.9 
20.7 
11.8 
35.6 

19.8 
9.7 
5.0 
8.8 

61.7 

31.4 

10.1 

6.8 


9,856 

26 

22 

4 

4 

36.8 
22.6 
11.9 
28.7 

18.2 
6.4 
3.3 
6.6 

63.8 
33.1 

9.2 
3.9 


1,787 
46 
34 
12 

4 

30.8 
20.6 
12.6 
36.1 

20.0 
9.9 
6.1 
6.8 

65.1 

26.2 

6.1 

2.6 


2,773 
29 
23 
6 
6 

26.6 
19.4 
12.1 
41.9 

19.2 
9.4 
6.0 
9.3 

65.7 

26.8 
9.4 
8.1 


20,192 




32 




25 




7 


Frequency of charges (percent of total subjects): 

One - --- 


4 
31.5 




19.8 




11.2 




37.6 


One - 


21.8 




10.0 




6.1 




11.0 


MobiUty (percent of persons I'earrested) : 

One State 


47.3 




31.4 


Three States 


10.9 




10.4 







Percent Repeaters by Race and Sex 
Persons Arrested in 1971 



Sex 



Total: 

Number of persons arrested 
Percent repeaters.. 

Male: 

Number of persons arrested 
Percent repeaters. 

Female: 

Number of persons arrested 
Percent repeaters... 



Total 



68,914 
68.6 



60,487 
70.6 



8,427 
53.0 



40, 380 
66.6 



35, 997 



4,383 
49.1 



Race 



White Negro Other 



27, 727 
71.6 



23,782 
73.9 



3,945 
58.0 



807 
55.1 



708 
58.8 



99 
29.3 



POLICE EMPLOYEE DATA 

This publication has a section on Law Enforce- 
ment Emploj-ee Data which contains tables show- 
ing average police employee strength by sex, geo- 
graphic divisions and population group, percent- 
ages of civilian employees, and an indi\'idual 
listing of police employees for reporting cities and 
surrounding suburban counties. This year data is 
set forth showing number and type of patrol 
assignments established by law enforcement agen- 
cies. Tables containing data relative to law en- 
forcement officers killed and assaulted in the line 



38 



of duty are published to supplement the narrative 
material which follows. 

Employee Rates 

The average number of police employees per 
1,000 inhabitants in 1971 (including civiUan em- 
ployees) was 2.4, which is a 4 percent increase 
over the 1970 rate of 2.3. Male employees repre- 
sented 91.6 percent of all police employee strength. 

Most United States cities continue to operate 
with police emjiloyee ratio of less than the national 
average of 2.4 per 1,000. When arrayed by quartile, 
50 percent of all American cities or law enforce- 
ment agencies have police ratios ranging from 1.4 
to 2.3 police employees per 1,000 inhabitants. 

Nationally, large cities with 250,000 or more 
inhabitants as a group, had an average ratio of 3.3 
employees per 1,000 inhabitants. 

The ratio of police employees to population in 
the suburban areas was 1.8, per 1,000 inhabitants 
an increase from the 1.7 rate in 1970. Again it 
should be noted those communities which are ex- 
periencing rapidly growing and increasing densi- 
ties of population are also recording the largest 
percentage increases in the volume of crime. One- 
half of the suburban police departments have 
from 1.2 to 2.2 employees per 1,000 inhabitants. 
The average rate of full-time employees in sheriff's 
departments was 1.4 per 1,000 inhabitants; how- 
ever, in three-fourths of these departments the 
rate was 1.3 or fewer employees. 

Police departments in the Middle Atlantic 
States continue to have the highest rate, 2.9 em- 
ployees per 1,000 inhabitants. Cities in the West 
South Central States had the lowest ratio of 1.8. 

Civilian Employees 

In Table 57 the percentage of total law enforce- 
ment personnel represented by civilian employees 
is tabulated by population group. On the average, 
during 1971, 13.7 percent of all city pohce per- 
sonnel were civilian employees, up from 13.2 
percent in 1970. Of all civilian employees, 54 
percent were female and 46 percent were male per- 
sonnel. Law enforcement administrators are con- 
tinuing to utilize greater numbers of civilian em- 
ployees, thereb^y relieving sworn personnel for 
active police duties. 

Sworn Personnel 

Computing law enforcement employee rates on 
the basis of sworn personnel only (excluding 
civilian employees) determines that the average 
rate for all cities was 2.1 in 1971, compared to 



the 1970 rate of 2.0 per 1,000 inhabitants. The 
city rates, nationally, range from 0.1 to 9.7 per 

1.000 inhabitants. In cities, males represented 
99 percent of all sworn personnel, while in subur- 
ban agencies males constituted 97 percent and 
in the rural areas 94 percent. The average ratio 
of sworn employees in sheriff's departments was 

1.1 per 1,000 inhabitants, the same as in 1970 
and the rate range for the 1,539 reporting county 
agencies was 0.1-8.8 per 1,000 inhabitants. 
Caution should be exercised, however, in using 
rates for comparative purposes since there is a 
wide variation in the responsibilities of various 
law enforcement agencies throughout the country. 
Just as the conditions which affect the amount 
and type of crime that occurs vary from place 
to place, so do the requirements for types of 
police services based upon the conditions which 
exist in a given community. For example, the 
increased need for police service in a community 
which has a highly mobile or seasonal population, 
differs from a community which has a relatively 
stable or fixed population. In addition, a small 
community situated between two large cities 
may require a greater number of law enforcement 
personnel to handle crime conditions based solely 
on its geographic location. 

The functions of the sheriffs also vary widely 
in different sections of the country. In certain 
areas the sheriffs' responsibilities are limited 
almost exclusively to civil functions and/or the 
administration of the county jail facilities. The 
sheriffs' departments used in computing rates, 
however, are all engaged in police activity and 
are responsible for all phases of policing in their 
jurisdiction. 

It is pointed out that the figures set forth in 
detailed police employee tables (Tables 51 and 52) 
represent national averages. They should be used 
as a guide or indicator and not considered as 
recommended or desirable police strengths. Ade- 
quate manpower for a specific place can only be 
determined after a careful study and analysis 
of the various factors which contribute to the need 
for police service in that community. 

Police Patrols 

In 1971, information was collected from law 
enforcement agencies concerning the types of 
patrols being utilized throughout the Nation. 
According to the information received, 86 percent 
of the patrols utilized in cities were vehicle 
patrols and 14 percent were foot patrols. In cities 



39 



CHART 20 



POLICE EMPLOYEE DATA 

AVERAGE NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, AND 
RANGE IN NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES, PER 1,000 INHABITANTS 

BY POPULATION GROUPS, DECEMBER 31, 1971 



9.7 



AV. 




ALL 
CITIES 



7.6 



3.3 



1.4 



6.0 



4.5 



AV 



1,0 



4.0 



AV. 
L8 



*■ » *■*■*■* 



J 



AV 
L8 



,1 



5.4 



AV. 
1,8 



.1 



CITIES 

OVER 

250,000 



CITIES 
100,000 

TO 
250,000 



CITIES 
50,000 

TO 
100,000 



CITIES 
25,000 

TO 
50,000 



CITIES 
10,000 

TO 
25,000 



AV. 
1.9 



.1 



CITIES 

LESS 

THAN 

10,000 



FBI CHART 



40 



with over 250,000 inhabitants 81 percent were 
vehicle patrols and 19 percent were foot patrols. 
In the areas covered by sheriff's and county 
police departments 94 percent were vehicle 
patrols and 6 percent were foot patrols. For all 
cities, patrol distribution indicated that 34 per- 
cent ot the patrol activity was during the day, 
35 percent during the evening hours, and after 
midnight 31 percent. For large cities with over 
250,000 inhabitants, 36 percent of the patrol 
activity was during the day, 36 j^ercent during 
the evening hours, and 28 percent after midnight. 
In the areas covered by sheriff's and county police 
39 percent of the patrol activity was during the 
day, 31 percent during the evening hours, and 29 
percent after midnight. 

The distribution of one and two man vehicle 
patrols for all cities indicated that 82 percent of 
the vehicle patrols during the day involved one 
man cars, 72 percent during the evening hours, 
and after midnight 70 i)ercent. In the large cities 
with 250,000 or more inhabitants 61 percent of 
the daytime patrols involved the use of one man 
cars, 53 percent during the evening hours, and 
after midnight 51 percent. In the areas covered by 
sheriff's and county police departments, 93 percent 
of the daytime patrols involved the use of one 
man cars, 78 percent during the evening hours, 
and after midnight 76 percent were one man 
vehicles. 

State Police and State Highway Patrols 

There were 57,131 employees in State Police and 
State Highway Patrol organizations in 1971. This 
was an increase of 4 percent over 1970. Of the 
total employees, 72 percent were sworn personnel 
and 15,766, or 28 percent, were civilian employees. 

The police employee strengths of State Police 
and State Highway Patrol organizations are set 
forth in Table 61. This table provides additional 
data relative to the miles of primary highway and 
the number of state motor vehicle registrations 
per sworn employee, by state. 

LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS KILLED 

A total of 126 law enforcement officers were 
killed due to felonious criminal action in 1971. 
This is an increase over 1970 when 100 law 
enforcement officers were slain. During the ten- 
year period, 1962-1971, 722 officers were killed. 
The average number of law enforcement officers 
slain was 72 a year during the period 1962-1971. 



Specifically, there were 48 officers killed in 1962; 
55 in 1963; 57 in 1964; 53 in 1965; 57 in 1966; 
76 in 1967; 64 in 1968; 86 in 1969; 100 in 1970; 
and 126 in 1971. 

Circumstances Surrounding Deaths 

Examination of circumstances under which 
police officers were murdered in 1971 continues 
to disclose a most urgent need for officers to be 
more alert in connection with all their duties, 
regardless of how routine these duties may have 
been in the past. It is essential that officers be 
extremely alert with all individuals whom they 
contact. No arrest situation can be considered 
routine as evidenced by the fact that during the 
period 1962-1971 more officers were killed at- 
tempting arrests than in any other matter. 
During 1971, 22 officers were killed while attempt- 
ing arrest for crimes other than robbery or 
burglary. Twenty-five officers were slain by 
persons they encountered during the commission 
of a robbeiy, or who they were in pursuit of as 
robbery suspects. In connection with the crime of 
burglary, seven officers were killed at the scene 
of the burglary or while pursuing burglary 
suspects. 

During the period 1967-1971, 49 officers were 
slain from ambush. Twenty (or 41 percent) of the 
officers were slain in 1971, 19 in 1970, three in 
1969, and seven in 1968. There were no ambush 
slayings in 1967. In 1971, seven officeis were slain 
by mentally deranged persons. During the period 
1962-1971 a total of 32 officers were murdered by 
mentally deranged persons, 22 of which occurred 
during the period 1967-1971. 

Twenty officers were slain while making traffic 
stops in 1971. Nine officers were murdered while 
investigating suspicious persons or circumstances 
and nine were killed responding to "disturbance 
calls" involving such things as family quarrels, 
man with gun, etc. Seven officers were slain while 
they were transporting or otherwise engaged in 
custody of prisoners. 

In 1971, 49 officers were slain in the Southern 
States, 28 in the North Central States, 26 in the 
Northeastern States, and 23 in the Western 
States. The following chart shows the number of 
law enforcement officers killed by region for each 
of the two five-year periods, 1962-1966 and 
1967-1971. 



41 



472-3:i 0-72-4 



CHART 21 



LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS KILLED 

BY REGION 
1962-1971 



NORTHEAST 



NORTH CENTRAL 



SOUTH 



WEST 



1962-1966 liiili 270 KILLED 
1967-1971 miH 452 KILLED 
1962-1971 TOTAL 722 KILLED 



mil 


43 


76 










1 50 




^^M 


Hi 


^^H 


1 135 








^^^^ 


130 












47 




■H 


■ 


Is. 





157 



FBI CHART 



42 



CHART 22 



LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS KILLED 



BY TYPE OF ACTIVITY 
1962-1971 



RESPONDING TO 
DISTURBANCE CALLS 



BURGLARIES IN PROGRESS 

OR PURSUING BURGLARY SUSPECT 



ROBBERIES IN PROGRESS 

OR PURSUING ROBBERY SUSPECT 



ATTEMPTING OTHER ARRESTS 



55 



46 



25 



1962-1966 [gailigil 270 KILLED 
1967-1971 11110452 KILLED 
1962-1971 TOTAL 722 KILLED 



31 



49 



CIVIL DISORDERS 


i. 




HANDLING, TRANSPORTING, 


mm 12 




CUSTODY OF PRISONERS 




23 


INVESTIGATING SUSPICIOUS 




■■i 31 


PERSONS AND CIRCUMSTANCES 




■ 28 


AMBUSH 


11112 


UNPROVOKED 


11 10 




MENTALLY DERANGED 
TRAFFIC STOPS 


iiio 


22 



49 



39 



90 



116 



FBI CHART 



43 





Law Enforcement Officers Killed 1962- 

[By type of weapon used] 


1971 










ipon used 


1962-1971 


1962-1966 


1967-1971 


Type of we£ 


Total 
number 


Percent 


Number 


Percent 


Number 


Percent 




630 

84 
76 


73.4 
11.6 
10.6 


196 
38 
27 


72.6 
14.1 
10.0 


334 
46 
49 


73.9 




10.2 


Rifle 


10.8 










690 
8 
2 
9 
13 


96.6 

1.1 

.3 

1.2 

1.8 


261 
3 


96.7 
1.1 


429 
6 
2 
7 
9 


94.9 


Knife -.- 


1.1 




.4 


Personal Weapons - 


2 

4 


.7 
1.6 


1.6 




2.0 








Total 


722 


100.0 


270 


100.0 


462 


100.0 









Due to rounding percentages may not add. 

Weapom Used 

One hundred twenty-one of the police murders 
in 1971 were perpetrated through use of firearms. 
Of these deaths, 94 were caused through the use of 
handguns, 16 with rifles, and shotguns were used 
to kill eleven of the officers. Eleven percent (or 14) 
of the officers slain had their own weapons used 
against them by the assailants. Two policemen 
met death as a result of being assaulted with 
knives, while two officers were killed through the 
use of personal weapons when they were beaten 
with hands, fists, feet, etc. One officer was felon- 
iously killed through the use of an automobile, 
when he was run down and dragged by the 
offender. 

During the period 1962-1971, firearms were used 
by felons to commit 96 percent of the police 
killings. Seventy-three percent of the weapons used 
were handguns. Specifically, of the 722 law 
enforcement officers slain by criminal action during 
this period, 530 were killed through use of hand- 
guns, 84 v/ith shotguns, 76 with rifles, eight with 
knives, two with bombs, nine with personal weap- 
ons such as hands, fists, and feet, and thirteen by 
other means such as clubs, automobiles, etc. A 
total of 93 officers, or thirteen percent, were 
murdered with their own handguns. 

The preceding table shows the type of weapons 
used to kill officers from 1962 through 1971. 

Profile of Victim Officers 

During the period 1962-1966, ninety-two per- 
cent of the officers were white and six percent were 
Negro. The median years of service were five and 
one-half. Thirteen percent of the victim officers 
had one year or less service. Forty-one percent 
had less than five years of service, 29 percent had 



5 to 10 years of service, and 30 percent had more 
than ten years. 

During the period 1967-1971 eighty-five per- 
cent of the victims were white and 14 percent were 
Negro. The median years of service was five and 
one-half. Fourteen percent of the victims had one 
year or less of service, 45 percent had less than 5 
years of service, 27 percent had 5 to 10 years of 
service, and 28 percent over ten years of service. 

For the entire ten-year period, 1962-1971, 87 
percent of the officers were white and twelve 
percent Negro. The median years of service for the 
entire period was five and one-half. Thirteen 
percent had one year or less service, 43 percent 
had less than 5 years of service, 28 percent had 
five to ten years, and 29 percent had over ten 
years of service. 

Profile of Victim Officers 



Law enforcement oflBcers 



Percent white 

Percent Negro 

Percent other race --- 

Median years of service.. 

Percent with 1 year or less service 

Percent with less than 5 years service. 
Percent with 6 to 10 years of service.. 
Percent over 10 years of service 



1962-66 


1967-71 


92 


86 


6 


14 


2 


1 


6^ 


W 


13 


14 


41 


46 


29 


27 


30 


28 



87 
12 
1 
6H 
13 
43 
28 
29 



Types of Assigrtment 

Officers who are assigned patrol duties within 
law enforcement organizations have the most haz- 
ardous type of assignment. During the course of 
his duties the patrol officer is frequently in contact 
with suspicious persons who are in automobiles or 
on foot. Each of these situations constitutes a 
threat to the officer's personal safety. The patrol 
officer is readily identifiable because of his uniform 



44 



and/or patrol vehicle. The patrol officer cannot 
hide his presence or official capacity, and fre- 
quently must determine quickly and accurately if 
a person is involved in a criminal act, and if that 
person constitutes a danger to his, the officer's, 
personal safety. The patrol officer does not have 
the benefit of 20/20 hindsight, which other people 
not immediately involved, constantly utilize. The 
patrol officer also risks attack through frequent 
encounters with criminal offenders at or near 
crime scenes. These perils are in a large measure 
substantiated by the fact that officers assigned to 
patrol duty are the most frequent targets of the 
police killer. Officers assigned in other capacities 
are confronted with equally tense and dangerous 
types of situations while performing their duties, 
but not with the same frequency. 

During 1971, 81 patrol officers were slain. 
Seventy-four of these officers were assigned to 
patrol cars while seven were foot patrolmen. 
Thirty officers were detectives or officers on special 
assignments. During 1971, in the highest tradi- 
tion of the law enforcement profession, 15 officers 
while in an off-duty status were taking appropriate 
police action concerning crimes committed in their 
presence when they were slain. During the period 
1962-1971, 70 percent or 508 of the 722 officers 
slain by felons were assigned to patrol duties. In 
1971, 39 of the on-duty officers were alone and 
unassisted when killed. During the period 1962- 
1971, 34 percent or 246 of the officers were alone 
when they sacrificed their lives for the community 
they were sworn to protect. Information is set 
forth in the following table concerning types of 
assignment and circumstances involved in connec- 
tion with the murders of officers during the periods 
of 1962-1966 and 1967-1971. 

Time of Murder 

The month of February proved to be the most 
dangerous for law enforcement officers during 
1971. During this month 19 officers were feloni- 
ously slain. 

In 1971, as in previous years, Friday continued 
to be the most dangerous day of the week for law 
enforcement officers. During the period 1962-1971, 
one hundred thirty officers were killed on Friday, 
106 on Saturday, 106 on Sunday, 101 Monday, 
98 Thursday, 93 Wednesday, and 88 on Tuesday. 

During the period 1967-1971, Friday was the 
most dangerous day with 76 officers slain followed 
by Monday with 66, Sunday 65, Tuesday 65, 
Thursday 63, Saturday 62, and Wednesday 55. 



During the period 1962-1971, 71 percent of all 
killings of law enforcement officers occurred be- 
tween 4:00 p.m. and 4:00 a.m. The most dangerous 
times were between 1:00 a.m. and 2:00 a.m. when 
61 officers were slain and from 10:00 p.m. until 
11:00 p.m. when 58 officers were murdered. 

Criminal Offenders 

Law enforcement cleared 115 of the 126 police 
murders that occurred in calendar year 1971. One 
hundred seventy-four offenders were identified in 
connection with these crimes. Forty-two percent 
of the offenders were white and 58 percent Negro. 

During the period 1962-1971, 722 officers were 
slain; 975 offenders were identified, clearing 96 
percent of these killings. Seventy-seven percent of 
the offenders had prior arrests for criminal charges, 
with sixty-one percent of the offenders having been 
convicted of those charges. Forty-three percent 
had prior arrests for violent types of crime such as 
murder, rape, armed robbery, aggravated assault, 
etc. Sixty-one percent of those who had pre- 
viously been convicted on criminal charges had 
been granted leniency in the form of parole or 
probation. Twenty-nine percent of the previously 
convicted offenders were on parole or probation 
when they were involved mth the murder of an 
officer. Eleven percent of the offenders had a prior 
arrest for a narcotics charge and nine percent had 
prior arrests for police assault. 

Ninety-six percent were male and four percent 
female. During this ten-year period, 52 percent 
of the offenders were white and 48 percent were 
Negro. 

For the period, 1968-1970, 343 known persons 
were involved in connection with the killing of 
239 law enforcement officers. Forty-six offenders 
or 13 percent were killed at the scene of the crime 
or soon thereafter, five committed suicide, and five 
offenders are known fugitives. A total of 287 
individuals or 84 percent were arrested and 
charged in connection with these police killings. 
There were 162 offenders or 56 percent found 
guilty of murder. Available court disposition 
data discloses that 27 were sentenced to the death 
penalty, 81 were sentenced to life imprisonment, 
53 received prison terms ranging from four to 200 
years, and one offender received a sentence of 
five years probation. Twenty-seven offenders were 
found guilty of lesser offenses such as manslaugh- 
ter, assault, etc. Eighteen offenders were found 
guilty of other crimes committed such as robbery. 



45 



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46 









CHART 23 


LAW EN 

1 


FORCEMENT OFFICERS KILLED 

BY HOUR OF DAY 
1962 - 1971 


A.M.- 
P.M.- 

A.M. 


- 8 to 9 
9 to 10 

10 to 11 

11 to 12 
~ 12 to 1 

1 to 2 

2 to 3 

3 to 4 

4 to 5 

5 to 8 

6 to 7 

7 to 8 

8 to 9 
9 to 10 

10 to 11 
Jl to 12 
~ 12 to 1 

1 to 2 

2 to 3 

3 to 4 

4 to 5 

5 to 6 

6 to 7 
_ 7 to 8 


^,,,...mm^Q 


- 18 


:-:-:.:.:.:.:.:.:::::.: ^4 


23 


^ 17 


18 


16 


26 


27 


35 


27 


34 


39 


45 


58 


56 


43 


61 


52 


31 


19 




11 




-:-.— 6 





FBI CHART 
47 



CHART 24 



CRIMINAL HISTORY OF PERSONS 
MURDERING LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS 



TOTAL OFFENDERS 
IDENTIFIED 



OFFENDERS WITH 

PRIOR ARREST 

FOR CRIMINAL CHARGE 



OFFENDERS CONVICTED 
ON PRIOR CRIMINAL 
CHARGE 



PRIOR ARREST FOR 
VIOLENT CRIME 



PRIOR ARREST FOR 
NARCOTIC CHARGE 



PRIOR ARREST FOR 
POLICE ASSAULT 



1962-1971 




11% 



9% 



975 

(100%) 



77% 



61 % 



43% 



FBI CHART 



48 



Disposition of Offenders Involved in Murders of Law Enforcement 
Officers, 1968-1970 



Profile of Offender 





Total 


Percent 
distri- 
bution 


Known offenders 


343 


100.0 




Fugitives 


6 

46 

5 

287 


1.6 
13.4 

1.5 
83.7 


Justifiably killed. 


Committed suicide 


Arrested and charged 




Arrested and charged. 


287 


100.0 




Guilty of murder 


162 
27 
18 
62 
11 
15 
2 


66.4 
9.4 
6.3 

18.1 

3.8 

6.2 

.7 


Guilty of lesser offense related to murder 




Acquitted or otherwise dismissed 


Committed to mental institution 


Case pending 







Offenders 



burglary, etc., when the police murders occurred. 
Fifty-two individuals or 18 percent were found 
not guilty by juries. Further, 11 offenders were 
committed to mental institutions, and two 
offenders died while awaiting trial. 

In 1971, 24 offenders were killed at the scene of 
the crime or soon thereafter and five offenders 
committed suicide. For the period 1962-1971, 118 
assailants were killed at the crime site or within 
a short time after the murder was committed; 21 
committed suicide shortly after the killing and 
four died from other causes. 

Between 1962 and 1971 the offenders ranged 
in age from thirteen years to 82. During this 
period the median age of these offenders was 25 
years. Fifty-three percent were between the ages 
of 20 and 30. Seven percent, or 64 were under the 
age of 18 and 20 was the most common age of the 
police killers. In 1971, the one hundred seventy- 
four offenders identified with police killings had 
a median age of 23. Sixty-three percent of these 
persons were between the ages of 20 and 30. 
Twelve of the persons committing these fatal 
attacks were under the age of 18. 

Geographic Locations 

The 126 law enforcement officers slain during 
1971 were from 92 different law enforcement 
agencies in 32 states and the District of Columbia. 
Among the cities. New York City ranked highest 
with twelve officers slain in 1971. Ten of these 
were New York City PoUce Department officers, 
while two were New York City Housing Authority 
policemen. In Chicago, Ilhnois, five officers 



Total. 

Under age 18... 

From 20 to 30 years of age.. - 

Male 

Female 

White 

Negro.. 

Prior criminal arrest 

Convicted on prior criminal 

charge 

Prior arrest for crime of 

violence 

Convicted on criminal 

charges— granted leniency. 
On parole or probation at 

time of killing 

Arrested on prior murder 

charge 

Prior arrest on narcotic drug 

law violation... 

Prior arrest for assaulting 

policeman or resisting 

arrest 

Prior arrest for weapons 

violation 



Total 


Percent 

of all 
offenders 


1962- 
1966 


Per- 
cent 


1967- 
1971 


975 


100 


361 


100 


614 


64 


7 


28 


8 


36 


521 


53 


171 


47 


360 


933 


96 


346 


96 


687 


42 


4 


15 


4 


27 


507 


52 


231 


64 


276 


468 


48 


130 


36 


338 


749 


77 


277 


77 


472 


697 


61 


241 


67 


356 


419 


43 


151 


42 


268 


362 


37 


148 


41 


214 


175 


18 


88 


24 


87 


26 


3 


10 


3 


16 


107 


11 


23 


6 


84 


84 


9 


22 


6 


62 


170 


17 


44 


12 


126 



Per- 
cent 



6 

57 
96 
4 

45 
65 
77 



44 
36 
14 
3 
14 

10 
21 



were slain, all members of the Chicago Police 
Department. 

Among the states, New York ranked highest 
with 16 officers killed while safeguarding life 
and property. The state of Texas followed closely 
with 15 officers killed. The state of California was 
third with 14 officers slain followed by Michigan 
where 8 officers died by means of a felonious act. 

Accidental Deaths 

Three hundred fifty-seven law enforcement 
officers have died as a result of accidents occurring 
in the line of duty during the past nine-year 
period, 1962-1970. In 1971, 52 additional officers 
died, -bringing the total number of such 
deaths from 1962 through 1971 to 409. These 
officers are not included in the preceding informa- 
tion concerning law enforcement officers who 
were killed as a result of felonious criminal 
action. The leading cause of accidental deaths in 
the law enforcement profession is automobile 
accidents which have claimed the lives of 209 
officers. Seventy-five officers have been killed in 
accidents involving motorcycles. Fifty officers 
died as a result of accidents while they were 
directing traffic or while they were at the scene 
of a previous accident. The other deaths occurred 
when firearms were accidentally discharged, heli- 



49 



copter and plane crashes, falls, etc. These types 
of accidents claimed the lives of 14 officers in 
1971. 

ASSAULTS ON OFFICERS 

One of the serious problems facing law enforce- 
ment toda^' is the attitude of disrespect for the 
police and the failure of citizens to come to the aid 
of the officers being attacked as they attempt to 
perform their lawful duties. These duties often 
necessitate confrontations with emotionally aroused 
citizens protesting real or imagined grievances. 
These situations have, in a large measure, ac- 
counted for the increasing number of assaults on 
police. There was an estimated total of 75,400 
assaults on police in 1971. Nationally, there were 
18.7 assaults for every 100 officers in 1971; 18.7 
in 1970, 16.9 in 1969, and 15.8 in 1968. While the 
national assault rate remained at the same level as 
in 1970 — 18.7 assaults for every 100 officers — the 



total number of estimated assaults increased by 
more than 2,000. The Pacific, South Atlantic, and 
East North Central States had an assault rate of 
23 for every 100 officers, while the East South 
Central States had a rate of 21. 

While every assault does not result in personal 
injury to the police officer, many of them — 35 
percent in 1971 — did result in physical harm to 
the officer and usually in loss of duty time. The 
national assault-with-injury rate of 6.6 per 100 
officers indicates the continuing hazards of the law 
enforcement profession. In 1971, 81 percent of the 
police assaults were by use of hands, fists, feet, 
teeth, etc. When weapons were used in committing 
these assaults, firearms were used in 35 percent, a 
knife or cutting instrument in 18 percent, and 
blunt objects or other weapons in 47 percent. 
Table 59 sets out police assault rates for geographic 
divisions and population groups for 1971. 



50 



0° -^^ » 



Ah a ICam '^wiatttmtnX ©f f trf r, m^ funJamentJ Jut^ u to 

serve manhina; to safeguard lives and properlu; to protect the innocent aaainst 
deception, the weak against oppression or intimidation, and the peaceful 
against violence or disorder; and to respect the Constitutional rights of all 
men to tibertu, equatitu and justice* 

11 Ullli heep m^ private life unsullied aS an example to all; maintain coura- 
geous calm in the face of danger. Scorn, or ridicule; develop Self-restraint; and 
oe constantly mindful of the welfare of others. ^J4onest in thougnt and deed 
in both m^ personal and off icial life, ^ will oe exemptaru in ooeuina the laws 
of the land and the regulations of m^ department. Whatever ^ See or hear of 
a confidential nature or that is confided to me in mu official capacitu will be 
Kept ever secret unless revelation is neceisaru in the performance of mu dutu. 

11 UJlll never act officiouslu or permit personal feelings, prejudices, animoi- 
ilies or friendships to influence mu decisions. VUith no compromise for crime 
and with relentless prosecution of criminals, .jf will enforce the law courleouilu 
and appropriatelu without fear or favor, malice or ill will, never emplouing 
unnecessaru force or violence and never accepting gratuities. 

11 rPrOQtttEP the had^e of mu office as a Sumool of public faith, and 
~y accept it as a public trust to be held So long as .^ am true to the ethics of 
the police service, .jf will constantlu strive to achieve these objectives and ideals, 
dedicating muselj- before \-lod to mu chosen profession . . . law enforcement. 



51 



INTRODUCTION 



Background 

The Uniform Crime Reporting Program is the 
outgi-owth of a need for a national and uniform 
compihition of hiw enforcement statistics. This 
need was expressed by law enforcement executives 
many years ago. In 1930, crime reports were solic- 
ited from law enforcement agencies throughout 
the Nation based on uniform classifications and 
])rocedures developed by the Committee on Uni- 
form Crime Records of tlie International Associa- 
tion of Chiefs of Police (lACP). In that year the 
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), on request 
of the above organization, assumed the role as 
the national clearinghouse. 

The Committee on Uniform Crime Records, 
lACP, continues to serve in an advisory capacity 
to the FBI in the operation of this Program. In 
this connection, the Field Service Division of the 
lACP is also l)laying an active and effective part 
in quality control through surveys of police 
records and crime reporting systems. Dr. Peter P. 
Lejins, Professor, De])artment of Sociology, Uni- 
versity of Maryland, continues as a consultant to 
the FBI in the conduct of this Program. 

The National Sheriff's Association (NSA) in 
June, 1966, established a Committee on Uniform 
Crime Records to serve in an advisory capacity to 
the NSA membership and the national Uniform 
Crime Reporting Program. This Committee 
actively encourages sheriffs throughout the coun- 
try to fvdly participate in this important Program. 

Committees on Uniform Crime Rejjorting with- 
in state law enforcement associations are active in 
providing service by |)romoting interest in the 
Uniform Crime Reporting Program, fostering 
more widespread and more intelligent use of 
miiform crime statistics, and by lenthng assistance 
to contributors when the need exists. 

In the last several years, the FBI has been 
actively assisting inchvichud states in the develop- 
ment of statewide programs of police statistics 
comi)atible with tlie national system. These 
statistical programs have been given im])etus by 
developing statewide comi)uterizcd law enforce- 
ment hiformation systems, of which they are an 



essential part. Through such mandatory state 
programs more complete and a better quality of 
reporting is envisioned. Likewise, through coordi- 
nation with the state agency the data is available 
for the use of the state, and the collection machin- 
ery to the national agency is substantially 
streamlined. 

Each state Uniform Crime Reporting Program 
needs mandatory authority to collect police 
statistics from law enforcement agencies. Although 
this usually requires specific authorizing legisla- 
tion, such systems may be based on general 
intergovernmental powers and/or imposed by 
executive order or regulation. 

In 1969, the FBI ceased the collection of all 
data directly from municipalities and counties 
in New Jersey and Michigan. In California the 
FBI no longer collects the monthly offenses 
known reports direct from law enforcement 
agencies; however, the annual arrest, disposition 
of persons charged, and law enforcement em- 
ployee reports continue to be collected direct 
from the individual law enforcement agencies. 
During the 1969-1971 period, nine additional 
states began collecting all Uniform Crime Re- 
l)orting data from individual law enforcement 
agencies. These states are Kentucky, Rhode 
Island, Illinois, Pennsylvania,Minnesota,Nebraska, 
Florida, Wisconsin, West Virginia, and Dela- 
ware. At least 20 additional states have enacted 
necessary legislation to establish State Uniform 
Oime Rei)orting Programs. Most of these states 
are actively working with the FBI in an effort to 
establish their systems in 1972. The conditions 
imder which these systems are established are as 
follows: 

(1) The state program must conform to the 
national Uniform Crime Reports standards and 
information required. This, of course, does not 
l)rohibit the state from collecting other statistical 
data beyond the national collection. (2) The 
state agenc}' must have a ])roven effective manda- 
tory statewide program and have instituted 
acceptable quality control procedures. (3) Cov- 
erage within the state by a state agency must 



53 



at least be equal to that attained by Uniform 
Crime Reports. (4) The state agency must have 
adequate field staff assigned to assist local units 
in record practices and crime reporting procedures. 
(5) The state agency must furnish to the FBI 
all of the detailed data regularly collected by the 
FBI in the form of duplicate returns, computer 
printouts, and/or magnetic tape. (6) The state 
must have the proven capabilit}^ (tested over a 
period of time) to supply all the statistical data 
required to the FBI in time to meet national 
Uniform Crime Reports publication deadhnes. 
(7) The FBI will continue its internal procedures 
of verifying and reviewing individual agency 
reports for both completeness and quality. (8) 
The FBI will continue to have direct contact 
with individual reporting units within the state 
where necessary in connection with crime re- 
porting matters, but will coordinate such contacts 
with the state agency. (9) Upon request, the 
FBI will continue its training programs within 
the state with respect to police records and 
crime reporting ]5rocedures. For mutual benefit 
these will be coordinated with the state agency. 
(10) Should circumstances develop whereby the 
state agency cannot provide the data required 
by the national program, the FBI will reinstitute 
a direct collection of Uniform Crime Reports 
from police units within the state. 

Objectives 

The fundamental objective of this Program is to 
produce a reliable fund of nationwide criminal 
statistics for administrative and o]ierational use 
of law enforcement agencies and executives. At 
the same time, meaningful data is ])rovided for 
other professionals with related interests in the 
crime problem and for scholars, as well as to 
inform the public, of general crime conditions. 

Specifically, the means utilized to attain these 
goals are; (1) An attemjjt is made to measure the 
extent, fluctuation, and distribution of serious 
crime in the United States tlu'ougii the use of a 
Crime Index consisting of seven selected offenses. 
This count is based on tliese se\en offenses being 
reported to the iiolice or coming directly to their 
attention; (2) the total volume of all types of 
criminal offenses is comjjiled as tliey become known 
by police agencies; (3) since the above are also 
measures of law enforcement activity, related 
data is collected to demonstrate effectiveness of 
enforcement activities, available jjolice strength, 
and significant factors involved in crime. 



Reporting Procedure 

Under this national voluntary system each 
contributing law enforcement agency is wholly 
responsible for compiling its own crime rei)orts for 
submission to the FBI. Each contributor is 
supplied with the Uniform Crime Reporting 
Handbook which outlines in detail procedures 
for scoring and classifying offenses. The Hand- 
book illustrates and discusses the monthly and 
annual reporting forms as well as the numerous 
tally sheets made available to facilitate the peri- 
odic tabulation of the desired data. 

The publication of the Uniform Crime Re- 
porting "Newsletter," wliich was initiated in 
October, 1963, has continued with issues being 
jjublished when pertinent. This "Newsletter" is 
utilized to explain revisions in the Program as 
well as to present information and instructional 
material to assist contributors. 

Recognizing that a sound records system is 
necessary if crime reporting is to meet desirable 
standards, the FBI furnishes a Manual of Police 
Records to law enforcement agencies upon re- 
quest. Special Agents of the FBI are widely 
utilized to encourage new contributors and to 
assist them by explaining the procedures and 
definitions necessary under the uniform system. 

On a monthly basis, law enforcement agencies 
(police, sheriffs, and state police) report the num- 
ber of offenses that became known to them during 
the month in the following crime categories: 
murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, man- 
slaughter by negligence, forcible rape, robbery, 
assault, burglary, larceny, and auto theft. This 
count is taken from a record of all complaints of 
crimes received by the law enforcement agency 
from victims, other sources, and/or discovered by 
officers. Whenever complaints of crime are deter- 
mined through investigation to be unfounded or 
false they are eliminated from this count. The 
number of "offenses known" in these crime cate- 
gories is rei)orted to the FBI without regard to 
whether anyone is arrested for the crime, stolen 
projjerty recovered, local prosecutive pohcy, or 
any other consideration. Law enforcement agen- 
cies on a monthly basis rei)ort the total number 
of these reported crimes which they clear either 
by arrest or by excejitional means. A separate 
count of crimes cleared which involve only ])er- 
sons under the age of 18 is shown. Law enforce- 
ment agencies also report the number of justifi- 
able homicides which occur, the number of law 



54 



enforcement officers killed, and the value of prop- 
erty stolen and recovered during the month. 
Total ai rests are also reported for all criminal 
acts, except traffic, separated as to adults and 
juveniles. 

On an annual basis law enforcement agencies 
provide detailed arrest reports on persons arrested 
for all criminal offenses, except traffic, with respect 
to the age, sex, and race of the offenders, as well 
as a report on the number of persons formally 
charged and their ultimate disposition. Law 
enforcement employee data specifically encom- 
passes the number of sworn and other personnel, 
and is collected as of December 31 each year. 
During the initial stages of the development of 
state programs the state authority is encouraged 
to have law enforcement agencies report the 
detailed arrest data by crime category, age, sex, 
and race, and the report concerning the number 
of persons formally charged and the disposition of 
such charges on a monthlj- basis. In January, 
1972, a monthly collection was instituted con- 
cerning the number of law enforcement officers 
assaulted by type of assignment. Additional 
information relative to the type of weapon used, 
the circumstances of the assault, and whether or 
not the victim officer sustained injury is also 
collected. 

Reporting Area 

During calendar year 1971, crime reports were 
received from law enforcement agencies represent- 
ing 98 percent of the total United States popula- 
tion living in standard metropolitan statistical 
areas, 89 percent of the population in other cities, 
and 75 percent of the rural population. The com- 
bined coverage accounts for 93 percent of the 
national population. 

Presentation of crime data by areas as used in 
this publication follows as closely as practical the 
definitions used by the Office of Management and 
Budget and the Bureau of the Census for standard 
metropolitan statistical areas and other cities. 
There is, however, some deviation insofar as the 
rural area is concerned. For crime reporting pur- 
poses rural is generally the unincorporated portion 
of a county outside of standard metropolitan sta- 
tistical areas. In addition, statistics are presented 
in certain tables relative to "suburban" areas. A 
suburban area consists of cities with 50,000 or less 
population together with counties which are within 
a standard metropolitan statistical area. In this 
use of suburban, the core city experience is, of 



course, excluded. The suburban area concept is 
used because of the particular crime conditions 
which exist in these communities smrounding the 
major core cities. 

Standard metropolitan statistical areas are gen- 
erally made up of an entire county or counties 
having at least one core city of 50,000 or more 
inhabitants, \vith the whole meeting the require- 
ments of certain metropolitan characteristics. In 
New England, "town" instead of "county" is used 
to describe standard metropolitan statistical areas. 
These towns do not coincide generally with estab- 
lished crime reporting units; therefore, metropoli- 
tan state economic areas in New England are used 
in these area tabulations since they encompass an 
entire county or counties. Standard metropolitan 
statistical areas, as used in this publication, make 
up approximately 71 percent of the total United 
States population. 

Other cities are urban places outside standard 
metropolitan statistical areas. Most of these places 
of 2,500 or more inhabitants are incorporated and 
comprise 11 percent of the 1971 population. Rural 
areas are made up of the unincorporated portions 
of counties outside of urban places and standard 
metropolitan statistical areas and represent 18 per- 
cent of our national population. Throughout this 
Program, sheriffs, county police, and many state 
police report on crimes committed within the limits 
of the counties but outside cities, while local police 
report on crime committed within the city limits 
(urban places). 

Verification Processes 

Uniformity of crime data collected under this 
Program is of primary concern to the FBI as the 
national clearinghouse. With the receipt of reports 
covering appro.ximately 9,600 jurisdictions, pre- 
pared on a voluntary basis, the problems of at- 
taining uniformity are readily apparent. Issuance 
of instructions does not complete the role of the 
FBI. On the contrary, it is standard operating pro- 
cedure to examine each incoming report not only 
for arithmetical accuracy but also, and possibly of 
even more importance, for reasonableness as a pos- 
sible indication of errors. 

Variations in the level and ratios among the 
crime classes established by previous reports of 
each agency are used as a measure of possible or 
probable incompleteness or changes in reporting 
policy. Necessary arithmetical adjustments or un- 
usual variations are brought to the attention of the 
submitting agency by correspondence. During 



55 



1971, 22,000 communications were addressed to 
contributors primarily as a result of editing and 
evaluation processes. Correspondence with con- 
tributors is the principal tool for supervision of 
quaUty. Not only are the individual reports stud- 
ied, but also periodic trends for individual report- 
ing units are prepared, as are crime rates in 
descending order for all units grouped for general 
comparabiUty to assist in detecting variations and 
fluctuations possibly due to some reason other 
than chance. For the most part, the problem is one 
of keeping the contributors informed of the type 
information necessary to the success of this 
Program. 

The eUmination of duplication of crime report- 
ing by the various agencies is given constant 
attention. In addition to detailed instructions as 
to the limits of reporting jurisdictions between 
sheriffs and police in urban places, lists of urban 
places by county are furnished to sheriffs, county 
police, and in some instances state police organiza- 
tions. 

Uniform Crime Reporting has been taught to all 
law enforcement officers attending the FBI Na- 
tional Academy. The Academy was established in 
1935, and there are 3,223 graduates who are still in 
law enforcement, 28 percent of whom are the 
executive heads of law enforcement agencies. The 
FBI also schedules Uniform Crime Reporting 
seminars and workshops throughout the country 
for law enforcement. 

Contacts by Special Agents of the FBI are 
utilized to enlist the cooperation of new contribu- 
tors and to explain the purpose of this Program 
and the methods of assembling information for 
reporting. When correspondence, including spe- 
cially designed questionnaires fail, Special Agents 
may be directed to visit the contributor to affirma- 
tively resolve the misunderstanding. 

Variations from the desired reporting standards 
which cannot be resolved by the steps indicated 
above are brought to the attention of the Com- 
mittee on Uniform Crime Records of the lACP. 
The Committee may designate a representative 
to make a personal visit to the local department 
to assist in the needed revision of records and 
reporting methods. 

It is clear, of course, that regardless of the 
extent of the statistical verification processes 
used by the FBI, the accuracy of the data assem- 
bled under this Program depends upon the degree 
of sincere effort exerted by each contributor to 



meet the necessary standards of reporting, and 
for this reason, the FBI is not in a position to 
vouch for the validity of the reports received. 

The Crime Totals 

Communities not represented by crime reports 
are relatively few, as discussed previously and 
as shown by an examination of the tables which 
foUow presenting 1971 crime totals for the Index 
of Crime classifications. The FBI conducts a 
continuing program to further reduce the unre- 
ported areas. The continuing development and 
implementation of mandatory state Uniform 
Crime Reporting Programs will virtually elimi- 
nate unreported areas. 

Within each of the three areas — standard 
metropolitan statistical, other urban, and rural — 
it is assumed that the unreported portion had the 
same proportionate crime experience as that for 
which reports were received. In lieu of figures 
for the entire year from those agencies, reports 
for as many as 9 months are accepted as suffi- 
ciently representative on which to base estimates 
for the year. Estimates for unreported areas 
are based on the reported crime experience of 
similar areas within each state. Certain refinements 
are made of this basic estimating procedure as 
the need arises. 

Crime Trends 

Crime data for trends are homogeneous to the 
extent that figures from identical reporting 
units are used for each of the periods tabulated. 
In all trend tabulations only those reporting 
units are used which have provided comparable 
data for the period under consideration. National, 
geographic, and area trends are always established 
on the basis of 2 consecutive years. Exclusions 
from trend computations are made when figures 
from a reporting unit are obviously inaccurate 
for any period or when it is ascertained that 
unusual fluctuations are due to such variables as 
improved records procedures and not to chance. 

As a matter of standard procedure crime trends 
for individual places are analyzed five times a 
year by the FBI. Any significant increase or de- 
crease is made the subject of a special inquiry with 
the contributing agency. In 1971, for example 
more than 2,300 letters were sent to police adminis- 
trators of contributing agencies inquiring as to the 
reason for significant increases or decreases in 
pertinent crime classifications. The communica- 
tion containing this inquiry specifically directs 



56 



attention to possible changes in records or report- 
ing procedures. When it is found that crime re- 
porting procedures are in j^art responsible for the 
diiTerence in the level of crime, the figures for 
specific crime categories or totals are excluded from 
the trend tabulations. Year-to-year trends in 
Uniform Crime Reports are valid and may be 
used to reasonably establish long-term trends as 
well as to re-estimate crime volume and reconstruct 
crime trends for prior years. It can be assumed 
logically that the current year is the most com- 
plete in terms of volume. Trend or percent change 
as established by comparable imits tor each two-year 
period is then applied as the basis for reestimating 
the volume of crime for prior years. 

On the other hand, crime rate tables by state 
and standard metropolitan statistical area con- 
tain the most reliable reports available for the cur- 
rent year, and care should be exercised in any 
direct comparisons with i)rior issues. Changes in 
crime level may have been due in part to improved 
reporting or records procedures rather than to 
chance. 

Population Data 

In computing crime rates by state, geographic 
division, standard metropolitan statistical area, 
and the Nation as a whole, population estimates 
released by the Bureau of the Census on July 1, 
1971, were used. Population estimates for in- 
dividual cities and counties were prepared using 
special census reports, state sources and estimates, 
commercial sources, and extrapolation where no 
other estimate was available. Complete 1971 
population estimates for individual cities and 
counties were used from 10 states while official 
sources in other states provided limited data 
which was used selectively. The estimated United 
States population increase in 1971 was one per- 
cent over 1970 according to the figures published 
by the Bureau of the Census. 

Classification of Offenses 

A problem area in connection with a uniform 
national crime reporting system in the United 
States results from variations in definitions of 
criminal violations among the states. This obstacle, 
insofar as uniformity of definitions is concerned, 
was removed by the adoption of a standard set 
of crime classifications. To some extent the title 
of each classification generally connotes its con- 
tent. However, in reading the explanation of 
each category, it is ver}' important to keep in 



mind that because of the differences among 
the state codes there is no possibility in a system 
such as this to distinguish between crimes by 
designations such as "felony" and "misdemeanor." 

A continuing program is carried out to furnish 
contributors ^vith timely supplemental instructions 
as the need arises in certain classifications. These 
are aimed at the clarification of any misunder- 
standings which may arise and the redirection 
of attention to the proper application of classifica- 
tion procedures under this system. 

Brief definitions of crime classifications utilized 
in this Program are listed below: 

1. Criminal homicide. — (a) Murder and nonnegli- 
gent manslaughter: all willful felonious homicides 
as distinguished from deaths caused by negligence. 
Excludes attempts to kill, assaults to kill, suicides, 
accidental deaths, or justifiable homicides. Justi- 
fiable homicides are hmited to: (1) the killing of a 
person by a peace officer in line of duty; (2) the 
killing of a pei-son in the act of committing a felony 
by a private citizen, (b) Manslaughter by negH- 
gence: any death which the police investigation 
establishes was primarily attributable to gross 
negligence of some individual other than the 
victim. 

2. Forcible rape. — Rape by force, assault to rape 
and attempted rape. Excludes statutory offenses 
(no force used — victim under age of consent). 

3. Robbery. — Stealing or taking anything of value 
from the care, custody, or control of a person by 
force or violence or by putting in fear, such as 
strong-arm robbery, stickups, armed robbery, 
assaults to rob, and attempts to rob. 

4. Assravated assault. — Assault with intent to kill 
or for the purpose of inflicting severe bodily injury 
by shooting, cutting, stabbing, maiming, poison- 
ing, scalding, or by the use of acids, explosives, or 
other means. Includes attempts. Excludes simple 
assault, assault and battery, fighting, etc. 

5. Burglary. — breaking or entering — Burglary, 
housebreaking, safecracking, or any breaking or 
unlawful entry of a structure with the intent to 
commit a felony or a theft. Includes attempts. 

6. Larceny. — theft (except auto theft) — (a) Fifty 
dollars and over in value; (b) under $50 in value. 
Thefts of bicycles, automobile accessories, shop- 
lifting, pocket-picking, or any stealing of property 
or article of value which is not taken by force and 
violence or by fraud. Excludes embezzlement, 
"con" games, forgery, worthless checks, etc. 

57 



472-311 0-72-5 



7. Aoto tHeft. — Stealing or driving away and 
abandoning a motor vehicle. Excludes taking for 
temporary use by those having lawful access to 
the vehicle. 

8. Other assaults. — Assaults and attempted as- 
saults which are not of an aggravated nature. 

9. Arson. — Willful or malicious burning with or 
without intent to defraud. Includes attempts. 

10. Forgery and counterfeiting. — Making, altering, 
uttering or possessing, with intent to defraud, any- 
thing false which is made to appear true. Includes 
attempts. 

11. Fraud. — Fraudulent conversion and obtaining 
money or property by false pretenses. Includes 
bad checks except forgeries and counterfeiting. 

12. Embezzlement. — Misappropriation or mis- 
application of money or property entrusted to 
one's care, custody, or control. 

13. Stolen property," buying, receiving, possessing. — 
Buying, receiving, and possessing stolen property 
and attempts. 

14. Vandalism. — Willful or maUcious destruc- 
tion, injury, disfigurement, or defacement of 
property without consent of the owner or person 
having custody or control. 

15. Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. — All vio- 
lations of regulations or statutes controlling the 
carrying, using, possessing, furnishing, and manu- 
facturing of deadly weapons or silencers. Includes 
attempts. 

16. Prostitution and commercialized vice. — Sex 
offenses of a commercialized nature and attempts, 
such as prostitution, keeping a bawdy house, 
procuring or transporting women for immoral 
purposes. 



17. Sex offenses (except forcible rape, prostitution, 
and commercialized vice). — Statutory rape, of- 
fenses against chastity, common decency, morals, 
and the like. Includes attempts. 

18. Narcotic drug laws.— Offenses relating to 
narcotic drugs, such as unlawful possession, sale, 
use, growing, manufacturing, and making of 
narcotic drugs. 

19. Gambling. — Promoting, permitting, or engag- 
ing in gambling. 

20. Offenses against the family and children. — 
Nonsupport, neglect, desertion, or abuse of 
family and children. 

21. Driving under the influence. — Driving or 
operating any motor vehicle or common carrier 
while drunk or under the influence of liquor or 
narcotics. 

22. Liquor laws. — State or local liquor law vio- 
lations, except "drunkenness" (class 23) and 
"driving under the influence" (class 21). Excludes 
Federal violations. 

23. Drunkenness. — Drunkenness or intoxication. 

24. Disorderly conduct. — Breach of the peace. 

25. Vagrancy. — Vagabondage, begging, loitering, 
etc. 

26. All other offenses. — All violations of state or 
local laws, except classes 1-25 and traflBc. 

27. Suspicion. — Arrests for no specific offense and 
released without formal charges being placed. 

28. Curfew and loitering laws (juveniles). — 
Offenses relating to violation of local curfew or 
loitering ordinances where such laws exist. 

29. Runaway (juveniles). — Limited to juveniles 
taken into protective custody under provisions 
of local statutes as runaways. 



58 



The Index of Crime, 1971 



In this section, tabulations are shown to in- 
dicate the probable extent, fluctuation, and 
distribution of crime for the United States as a 
whole, geographic divisions, individual states, 
and standard metropolitan statistical areas. The 
measure used is a Crime Index consisting of seven 
important offenses which are counted as they 
become known to the law enforcement agencies. 
Crime classifications used in the Index are: 
murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible 
rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary — 
breaking or entering, larceny $50 and over, and 
auto theft. 

The total number of criminal acts that occur 
is unknown, but those that are reported to the 
police provide the fust means of a count. Not all 
crimes come readily to the attention of the police ; 
not all crimes are of sufficient importance to be 
significant in an index; and not all important 
crimes occur with enough regularity to be mean- 
ingful in an index. With these considerations in 
mind, the above crimes were selected as a group 



to furnish an abbreviated and convenient measure 
of the crime jjroblem. 

It is important to remember in reviewing the 
tables in this section that the volume of crime in 
a state or standard metropolitan statistical area 
is subject to the factors set forth on page VII. 
Estimates of current permanent population are 
used to construct crime rates. With our highly 
mobile population all communities, metropolitan 
areas, and states are affected to a greater or lesser 
degree by the element of transient population. 
This factor is not accounted for in crime rates 
since no reliable estimates by state are available 
nationwide. 

Tables are presented showing the comparative 
crime experience by population group of subur- 
ban cities having 50,000 or less inhabitants with 
cities of the same size isolated from suburban areas. 
The effects of being a part of the metropolitan 
fringe can be readily discerned by a review of 
these tables. 



59 







Tabid. 


— Index of Crime, 


United Sfatei, 1971 










Area 


Popula- 
tion' 


Total 

Crime 
Index 


Violent ' 
crime 


Property! 
crime 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny 

$50 and 

over 


Auto 
thelt 




206,256,000 


5,995,211 
2,906.7 


810,018 
392.7 


5,185,193 
2,514.0 


17.627 
8.5 


41,888 
20.3 


385,908 
187.1 


364,695 
176.8 


2.368,423 
1,148.3 


1,875,194 
909.2 


941, BT6 


Rnfp npr ifto 000 Inhabitants 


456.5 








Standard MetropoUtan Statistical 


145,878,000 

97. 6% 
100. 0% 




















Area actually reporting ». 


6, 106, 494 

6, 173, 916 

3,646.7 


709, 246 

715, 731 

490.6 


4,397,248 

4.458.186 

3,056.1 


13,675 

13,846 

9.6 


36,106 

35,675 

24,4 


370,643 

372.486 
266.3 


289, 822 

293,825 

201.4 


1,988,830 

2,016,759 

1, 381. 8 


1,542,374 

1, 566, 824 

1,074.1 


866,044 
875,602 




600.2 




23,068,000 

89. 1% 
100.0% 

37,309,000 

74. 8% 
100. 0% 




Area actually reporting 


393, 215 
436,146 
1, 890. 7 


39,332 

44,622 

193.0 


363.883 
391,623 
1, 697. 7 


1,026 

1,192 

6.2 


1,966 

2,177 

9.4 


7,083 
7,874 
34.1 


29,268 

33,279 

144.3 


154,562 

171, 744 

744.5 


163,293 

179,867 

779.7 


36,028 
40,012 


Rate per 100,000 inhabitants. . 


173.6 


Area actually reporting 


304,206 
385, 150 
1,032.3 


33,089 

49, 766 

133.4 


' 271, 117 
335,386 

898.9 


1,705 

2,690 

6.9 


3,044 

4,136 

11.1 


4,068 

5.648 

14.9 


24,272 

37, 491 

100.5 


146, 321 
180,920 
484.9 


103,926 

128,603 

344.4 


20,870 
26,962 


Rate per 100,000 inhabitants. . 


69.6 



1 Population is Bureau of the Census provisional estimate as of July 1, 1971. .., ^ j . .t. ,. 

2 Violent crime is oflenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault; property crime isoflensesof burglary, larceny $50 and over and auto theft 
> The percentage representing area actually reporting will not coincide with the ratio between reported and estimated crime totals smce these data represent 

the sum of the calculations for individual states which have varying populations, portions reporting and cnme rates. 



60 



Table i.— Index of Crime, Unifed States, 1960-1971 



Population' 



Number of offenses: 

1960—179,323,176 

1961— 182,963,000. 

1962—186,822,000 

1963—188,631,000. 

1964 — 191,334,000 

1966 — 193,818,000 

1966—196,867,000.. 

1967—197,864,000... 

1968—199,861,000... 

1969—201,921,000. 

1970—203, 184,772. 

1971 — 206,266,000 

Percent change 1960-1971 '. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants :3 

1960 

1961 

1962 

1963 

1964 

1966 

1966 

1967 

1968 

1969 

1970 

1971 

Percent change 1960-1971 ». 



Total 


Violent ' 


Crime 


crime 


Index 




2,019,600 


286,980 


2,087,600 


286,880 


2, 219, 000 


298,900 


2,441,900 


314, 230 


2,761,700 


361, 060 


2, 937, 400 


384,020 


3, 272, 200 


426, 470 


3,811,300 


496, 740 


4,477,200 


690, 160 


6, 013, 100 


666,620 


6,681,200 


732, 940 


6,996,200 


810, 020 


+196.9 


+183.2 


1, 126. 2 


169.6 


1,141.0 


166.8 


1,194.2 


160.9 


1, 296. 2 


166.7 


1,443.4 


188.7 


1,616.6 


198.1 


1,670.7 


217.7 


1, 926. 2 


260.6 


2,240.2 


296.3 


2,482.7 


326.1 


2,746.9 


360.7 


2,906.7 


392.7 


+168. 1 


+146.2 



Property '■ 
crime 



1, 733, 600 
1,800,600 

1, 920, 100 
2, 127, 700 

2, 400, 600 
2, 663, 400 

2, 846, 700 
3,315,600 

3, 887, 000 
4, 366, 600 

4, 848, 300 
6, 186, 200 

+199. 1 

966.7 

984.2 

1,033.3 

1,12a 6 

1.264.7 
1. 317. 4 
1, 462. 9 
1,676.7 
1,944.9 
2, 167. 6 
2,386.1 
2,614.0 
+160. 1 



Murder 
and non- 
negUgent 

man- 
slaughter 



8,660 
8,460 
8,660 
9,280 
9,880 
10, 960 
12, 130 
13, 690 
14,640 
16, 860 
17,630 
+96.2 

6.0 
4.7 
46 
4.6 
4.9 
6.1 
6.6 
6.1 
6.S 
7.3 
7.8 
8.6 
+70.0 



Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


17,030 


107,340 


162,680 


17,060 


106, 170 


164, 990 


17,390 


110,340 


162, 710 


17,490 


116, 930 


172, 260 


21,230 


129, 780 


200,760 


23,200 


138,040 


212, 900 


26,690 


167,260 


232,680 


27,380 


201, 970 


264,260 


31,380 


261,620 


283,470 


36,840 


297,460 


307, 680 


37,660 


348,240 


331,190 


41,890 


386,910 


364,600 


+146.0 


+269.6 


+139. 


9.6 


69.9 


86.1 


9.3 


6&0 


817 


9.4 


69.4 


87.6 


9.3 


61.6 


91.4 


11.1 


67.8 


104.9 


12.0 


71.2 


109.8 


13.1 


80.3 


118.8 


13.8 


102.1 


128.6 


16.7 


130.9 


141.8 


18.2 


147.3 


162.3 


18.6 


171.4 


163.0 


20.3 


187.1 


176.8 


+113. 7 


+212. 4 


+107. 8 



Burglary 



900,400 

937,300 

981,600 

1, 072, 400 

1, 197, 600 

1,266,000 

1, 391, 900 

1,611,100 

1,836,000 

1,966,400 

2, 176, 600 

2, 368, 400 

+163.0 

602.1 

612.3 

628.2 

668.8 

626.9 

663.2 

710.7 

814.2 

918.1 

968.9 

1, 071. 2 

1, 148. 3 

+128.7 



Larceny 

$60 and 

over 



607, 300 

629,600 

674,300 

649, 900 

733,600 

794,000 

896,600 

1,049,300 

1, 273, 800 

1, 627, 800 

1,749,800 

1, 876, 200 

+269.6 

282.9 
289.6 
309.1 
344.7 
383.4 
409.7 
467.7 
630.3 
637.3 
766.6 
861.2 
909.2 
+221.4 



Auto 
theft 



326,900 
333,700 
364, 300 
406,400 
469,600 
493,400 
667,300 
666,200 
778,200 
872,400 
921, 900 
941, 600 
+188.9 

181.7 
182.4 
196.0 
216.0 
246.4 
264.6 
284.5 
331.1 
389.4 
4321 
463.7 
466.6 
+161. 2 



' Population is Bureau of the Census provisional estimates as of July 1, except Apr. 1, 1960 and 1970, census. 

' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. Property crime is ofleiL'ies of burglary, larceny $60 and over and auto tbeft. 

3 Percent change and crime rates calculated prior to rounding number of offenses. Revised estimates and rates based on changes in reporting practices. 



61 



Table 3. — Index of Crime by Regions, 

(Number and rate per 100,000 





Year 


Population ' 


Total Crime Index 


Violent crime » 


Property 


crime ' 


Murder and nonnegli- 
gent manslaughter 




Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 




1970 
1971 


203,184,772 
206,256,000 


5,581,195 
5,995,211 

+ 7.4 


2,746.9 

2.906.7 

+5.8 


732.937 

810,018 

+ 10.5 


360.7 
392.7 
+8.9 


4,848.258 

5, 185, 193 

+6.9 


2,386.1 
2,614.0 

+5.4 


15.860 
17.627 
+11.1 


7.8 

8.5 

+9.0 












1970 
1971 


48, 999, 999 
49,691,000 


1,394,492 
1,523,243 

+9.2 

302, 649 

344, 779 

+ 14.0 

78. 076 

81, 686 

11,344 

13,616 

170. 900 

200, 796 

8,798 

10,868 

27, 787 

31,456 

6,644 

6,468 


2.845.9 
3.071.6 

+7.9 

2, 663. 8 

2. 868 1 

+ 12.3 

2, 674. 9 

2, 661. 3 
1,141.6 
1,347.6 

3. 004. 
3. 487. 3 
1, 192. 7 

1, 426. 2 

2, 926. 8 

3, 276. 6 
1,269.1 
1, 410. 


188.809 
225,613 

+ 19.6 

20, 218 

26,167 

+24.6 

6,167 

6,968 

823 

840 

11,642 

16,317 

413 

680 

1,944 

2,129 

329 

333 


385.3 
454.9 

+18.1 

170.7 

209.4 

+22.7 

170 4 

193.7 

82.8 

83.7 

202.9 

266.0 

66.0 

76.1 

204.7 

221.8 

74.0 

72.7 


1.205.683 
1.297.630 

+7.6 

282, 331 

319,612 

+13.2 

72, 909 

76, 718 

10, 621 

12, 676 

169. 368 

186, 479 

8,386 

10,288 

28,843 

29. 326 

6,316 

6,126 


2,460.6 
2.616.7 
+6.3 
2. 383. 1 
2. 668. 8 
+11.6 
2,404.6 
2, 467. 6 
1, 068. 8 

1, 263. 8 

2, 801. 1 

3, 221. 2 
1, 136. 7 
1,360 1 

2, 721. 1 

3, 064. 8 
1, 196. 1 
1, 337. 3 


2.849 
3.359 

+ 17.9 

369 

387 

+4.9 

106 

96 

16 

20 

197 

220 

16 

17 

30 

29 

6 

6 


5.8 
6.8 
+17.2 
3.1 
3.2 
+3.2 
3.6 
3.1 
1.6 
2.0 
3.5 
3.8 
2.0 
2.2 
3.2 
3.0 
1.3 
1,1 




New England .. -- 


1970 
1971 


11, 847, 186 

12, 021, 000 


Percent change 


Connecticut 


1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 


3, 032, 217 

3, 081, 000 

993, 663 

1,003,000 

6,689,170 

6, 768, 000 

737, 681 

762, 000 

949, 723 

960, 000 

444,732 

468,000 




Massachusetts . - - . 




Rhode Island- 






Middle Atlantic 


1970 
1971 


37, 162, 813 
37, 670, 000 


1,091,943 
1, 178, 464 
+ 7.9 
196. 709 
224, 670 
713, 463 
736. 904 
181, 781 
216, 890 


2, 939. 1 

3, 136. 7 

+6.7 

2, 744. 2 
3.077.7 

3, 922. 1 

4, 006. 9 
1,641.3 
1, 826. 8 


168, 691 
200,446 
+18.9 
20,683 
26,441 
122, 976 
143, 214 
26,032 
30, 791 


463.8 
633.6 
+17.6 
287.1 
362.2 
676.0 
778.7 
212.2 
269.2 


923, 362 
978, 018 
+6.9 
176, 126 
198, 229 
690, 477 
693. 690 
166, 749 
186, 099 


2,485.3 

2, 603. 2 

+4.7 

2, 467. 1 

2, 716. 6 

3, 246. 
3, 228. 2 
1,329.1 
1, 666. 6 


2,480 

2,972 

+19.8 

412 

426 

1,439 

1,817 

629 

729 


6.7 
7.9 
+17.9 
6.7 
6.8 
7.9 
9.9 
6.3 
6.1 


Percent change . 


New Jersey - 


1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 


7. 168, 164 
7, 300, 000 
18, 190, 740 
18, 391, 000 
11,793,909 
11, 879, 000 


New York --. 








1970 
1971 


56.577,067 
57,268,000 


1,368,713 
1.449,287 

+6.9 

1,036,172 

1, 102, 064 

+6.6 

260, 868 

274,320 

117.923 

121, 664 

336. 326 

360, 384 

263, 168 

267, 278 

66. 907 

78, 408 


2,419.2 
2,530.7 

+4.6 
2,671.7 
2, 706. 4 

+6.2 
2,347.1 
2. 460. 2 

2, 270. 6 
2,306.9 

3, 789. 6 

4, 006. 6 
2,376.6 
2, 479. 8 
1,614 4 
1,761.7 


184,009 
189.044 

+2.7 
148, 881 
163, 792 

+3.3 
62,006 
63. 436 
11,714 
12, 643 
61.090 
61,697 
30, 279 
32, 169 

3,792 

3,967 


325.2 
330.1 

+ 1.6 
369.9 
377.7 
+2.1 
467.9 
477.3 
226.6 
237.8 
676.7 
574.6 
284.3 
298.4 
86.8 
88.4 


1,184,704 
1,260,243 

+6.4 

886, 291 

948, 262 

+7.0 

208. 862 

220, 884 

106, 209 

109, 121 

286,236 

308, 687 

222, 879 

236, 119 

63,116 

74, 461 


2,094.0 
2.200.6 

+6.1 
2, 201. 8 
2,328.7 

+6.8 
1, 879. 2 

1, 972. 9 

2, 046. 

2, 069. 

3, 213. 9 
3,431.0 
2, 092. 4 
2, 181. 6 
1, 428. 6 
1,663.3 


3,741 
3,978 

+6.3 

2,934 

3.237 

+10.3 

1,066 

1,079 

260 

279 

831 

942 

699 

811 

88 

126 


6.6 
6.9 

+4.6 
7.3 
7.9 

+8.2 
9.6 
9.6 
4.8 
6.3 
9.4 
10.6 
6.6 
7.6 
2.0 
2.8 


Percent change 


East North Central .. 


1970 
1971 


40, 262, 678 
40, 721, 000 




Illinois 


1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 


11,113,976 
11, 196, 000 
6, 193, 669 
6, 274, 000 
8, 876, 083 
8, 997, 000 
10, 662, 017 
10, 778. 000 
4, 417, 933 
4, 476, 000 




Michigan 




Wisconsin ,- 





See footnotes at end of table. 



62 



Geographic Divisions and Stafe, 1970-71 

inhabitants; percent change over 1970) 



Forcible rape 


Robbery 


Aggravated assault 


Burglary 


Larceny $60 and over 


Auto theft 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 




100,000 




100,000 




100,000 




100,000 




100,000 




100,000 


37.650 


18.5 


348,236 


171.4 


331,191 


163.0 


2,176,597 


1,071.2 


1,749,767 


861.2 


921,894 


453.7 


41,888 


20.3 


385,908 


187.1 


364,595 


176.8 


2,368,423 


1,148.3 


1,875,194 


909.2 


941,576 


466.5 


+11.3 


+9.7 


+10.8 


+9.2 


+10.1 


+8.5 


+8.8 


+7.2 


+7.2 


+5.6 


+2.1 


+.6 


6,238 


12.7 


114,071 


232.8 


65,651 


134.0 


522,080 


1,065.5 


403,380 


823.2 


280,223 


571.9 


7,117 


14.4 


141,336 


285.0 


73,801 


148.8 


574,949 


1,159.4 


425,018 


857.0 


297,663 


600.2 


+14.1 


+13.4 


+23.9 


+22.4 


+12.4 


+11.0 


+10.1 


+8.8 


+6.4 


+41 


+6.2 


+4 9 


1,164 


9.7 


8,786 


74.2 


9,909 


83.6 


120,083 


1,013.6 


86,181 


727.4 


76,067 


642.1 


1,32S 


11.0 


11.769 


97.8 


11, 696 


97.3 


136, 602 


1,128.0 


97,830 


813.8 


86,180 


716.9 


+14.8 


+13.4 


+33.8 


+31.8 


+18.0 


+16.4 


+ 12.9 


+11.3 


+13.6 


+11.9 


+13.3 


+11.6 


276 


9.1 


2,136 


70.4 


2,649 


87.4 


32,874 


1,084.2 


25,353 


836.1 


14, 682 


484 2 


367 


11.9 


2,663 


83.2 


2,942 


96.5 


32,884 


1,067.3 


26,223 


861.1 


16,611 


539.1 


70 


7.0 


126 


12.6 


613 


61.7 


6,688 


662.4 


3,481 


350.3 


1,462 


146.1 


74 


7.4 


144 


14.4 


602 


60.0 


6,631 


661.1 


4,626 


461.2 


1,419 


141.6 


684 


12.0 


5,658 


99.6 


5,003 


87.9 


64,623 


1,134.1 


44,880 


788.9 


49,965 


878.1 


716 


12.4 


8,069 


140.1 


6,313 


109.6 


77,146 


1,339.8 


51,626 


896.6 


66,709 


984 9 


44 


6.0 


89 


12.1 


286 


35.9 


4,172 


666.6 


2,944 


399.1 


1,269 


172 


63 


8.3 


123 


16.1 


377 


49.6 


6,082 


666.9 


3,804 


499.2 


1,402 


184 


34 


3.6 


744 


78.3 


1,136 


119.6 


9,677 


1,018.9 


8,008 


843.2 


8,168 


869.0 


64 


5.6 


816 


84.9 


1,231 


128.2 


10,636 


1, 097. 4 


9,389 


978.0 


9,402 


979.4 


46 


10.3 


34 


7.6 


243 


54 6 


3,249 


730.6 


1,616 


340.7 


651 


123.9 


62 


11.4 


46 


9.8 


231 


50.4 


3,326 


726.0 


2,163 


472 3 


637 


139.1 


6,084 


13.7 


106,286 


283.4 


66, 742 


150.0 


401,997 


1, 082. 


317, 199 


863.8 


204,166 


649.6 


6,792 


16.4 


129,677 


344.9 


62,106 


165.3 


439,347 


1, 169. 4 


327, 188 


870.9 


211,483 


662.9 


+ 13.9 


+12.4 


+ 23.1 


+21.7 


+11.4 


+ 10.2 


+9.3 


+8.1 


+3.1 


+2.0 


+3.6 


+2.4 


927 


12.9 


12,146 


169.4 


7,099 


99.0 


74, 649 


1, 041. 4 


61,620 


858.2 


39, 957 


667.4 


1,068 


14.6 


16,062 


220.0 


8,896 


121.8 


88,720 


1,216.3 


67,163 


920.0 


42,346 


680.1 


2,823 


16.6 


80,641 


443.3 


38, 073 


209.3 


267,262 


1,414 2 


209,123 


1, 149. 6 


124,092 


682.2 


3,167 


17.2 


97,071 


627.8 


41, 169 


223.8 


263,264 


1, 431. 4 


204,386 


1,111.3 


126,061 


686.4 


1,334 


11.3 


12, 499 


106.0 


10,670 


89.6 


70,086 


694 3 


46,666 


394 7 


40,107 


340.1 


1,667 


13.2 


16,444 


138.4 


12,061 


101.4 


87,373 


736.6 


65,640 


468.4 


43,086 


362.7 


10,000 


17.7 


97,530 


172.4 


72,738 


128.6 


514, 120 


908.7 


432,929 


765.2 


237,655 


420.1 


10,708 


18.7 


98,716 


172.4 


75,642 


132.1 


559,968 


977.8 


465,726 


813.2 


234,549 


409.6 


+7.1 


+6.6 


+1.2 




+4.0 


+2.7 


+8.9 


+7.6 


+7.6 


+6.3 


-1.3 


-2.6 


7,698 


18.9 


81,261 


201.9 


67,098 


141.8 


383, 874 


953.7 


319, 306 


793.3 


183,112 


464 9 


8,076 


19.8 


84,134 


206.6 


68,346 


143.3 


421, 600 


1,035.3 


344, 101 


845.0 


182. 561 


448.3 


+6.3 


+4.8 


+3.6 


+2 3 


+2 2 


+1.1 


+9.8 


+8.6 


+7.8 


+6.6 


-.3 


-1.6 


2,270 


20.4 


27.908 


261.1 


20,762 


186.8 


86,067 


766.4 


66,234 


696.0 


67,651 


617.8 


2,418 


21.6 


28,900 


268.1 


21,039 


187.9 


93,682 


836.7 


73,936 


660.4 


63,267 


476.8 


930 


17.9 


6,684 


107.6 


4,960 


95.3 


44,664 


860.0 


39,270 


756.1 


22,275 


428.9 


926 


17.6 


6,478 


122.8 


4.861 


92.2 


47, 470 


900.1 


41, 422 


786.4 


20,229 


383.6 


2,402 


27.1 


30, 758 


346.6 


17, 099 


192 7 


139,398 


1, 670. 7 


104,664 


1, 179. 2 


41,184 


464 


2,404 


26.7 


29,703 


330.1 


18, 648 


207.3 


161, 756 


1, 686. 7 


112. 138 


1, 246. 4 


44,793 


497.9 


1,700 


16.0 


16,639 


146.9 


12,341 


116.9 


90, 953 


853.9 


79,438 


746.8 


52.488 


492 8 


1,988 


18.4 


17,642 


163.7 


11,718 


108.7 


100,620 


932.6 


81, 098 


762.4 


63,501 


496.4 


2% 


6.7 


1,462 


33.1 


1,946 


44.0 


23,792 


638.6 


29,709 


672.6 


9,614 


217. 6 


341 


7.6 


1,411 


31.6 


2,079 


46.4 


28,172 


629.4 


36,608 


793.3 


10, 771 


240.6 



63 



Table 3. — Index of Crime by Regions, 

(Number and rate per 100,000 



Area 



West North Central. 



Percent change. 
Iowa.- 



Kansas- 



Year 



1970 
1971 



Minnesota.. 



Missouri.. 



Nebraska. 



North Dakota. 



South Dakota. 



Sonth. 



Percent change. 
South Atlantic ' 



1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 



Population ■ 



16, 324, 389 
16, 647, 000 



2, 826, 041 
2, 862, 000 
2, 249, 071 

2, 268, 000 

3, 806, 069 

3, 881, 000 

4, 677, 399 
4, 749, 000 
1, 483, 791 
1,512,000 

617, 761 
626,000 
666, 267 
670, 000 



Total Crime Index 



Number 



1970 
1971 



Percent change- 
Delaware. -- 



Florida- 



Georgia 

Maryland.. 



North Carolina. 



South Carolina. 



Virginia 

West Virginia.. 



1970 
1971 



East South Central. 

Percent change.. 
Alabama 



1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 



62,798,347 
63,915,000 



30,671,337 
31, 243, 000 



648, 104 
668, 000 
6, 789, 443 
7,041,000 
4, 689, 676 
4, 664, 000 

3, 922, 399 
4,000,000 
6, 082, 069 
6, 146, 000 
2,690,616 
2, 627, 000 

4, 648. 494 
4,714,000 
1,744,237 
1,762,000 



333, 641 

347, 233 

+4.1 

40. 648 

42, 117 

48, 216 

47, 969 

80,034 

88,921 

129,329 

130. 083 

22, 612 

24.088 

6,227 

6,288 

7,676 

7,767 



Rate per 
100,000 



2, 043. 2 
2, 098. 6 

+2.7 
1,436.3 
1.476.8 
2, 143. 8 
2. 124. 4 
2, 103. 4 
2, 291. 2 
2, 766. 
2. 739. 2 
1,617.2 
1. 693. 1 

846.1 
1,006.1 
1,162.1 
1, 169. 3 



Violent crime ' 



Number 



Kentucky.. 

Mississippi - 
Tenn6ssee.. 



West South Central. 



1970 
1971 



1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 



12, 804, 662 
12, 977, 000 



3,444,165 
3, 479, 000 
3, 219, 311 
3, 282, 000 
2,216,912 
2, 226, 000 
3, 924, 164 
3, 990, 000 



1,508,677 
1,598,290 

+6.9 

817. 888 

874, 766 

+7.0 

16, 301 

19, 661 

244,399 

284, 401 

101,279 

111,081 

131,283 

136, 626 

94, 696 

99, 810 

63,640 

54, 663 

99,904 

100, 180 

16, 722 

17,680 



2,402.4 
2,500.6 

+4.1 
2, 666. 6 
2, 799. 9 

+6.0 

2, 974. 1 

3, 521. 7 

3, 699. 7 

4, 039. 2 

2. 206. 7 
2,381.7 

3, 347. 
3, 390. 6 
1,861.4 

1, 939. 6 

2, 066. 8 
2, 080. 4 
2, 149. 2 
2, 126. 2 

968.7 
1,009.1 



219, 448 
236, 419 
+7.7 
64,249 
65,843 
61, 957 
63,641 
19, 141 
24,828 
74, 101 
82,207 



1,713.8 


1,821.8 


+6.3 


1, 865. 4 


1,892.6 


1, 924. 6 


1,936.0 


863.4 


1,116.4 


1,888.3 


2,060.3 



1970 
1971 



Percent change. 
Arkansas — 



Louisiana.. 



Oklahoma. 



Texas.. 



19, 322, 468 
19,694,000 



1970 


1, 923, 296 


1971 


1,944,000 


1970 


3,643,180 


1971 


3,681,000 


1970 


2, 659, 253 


1971 


2,610,000 


1970 


11, 196, 730 


1971 


11,460,000 



471,341 
487. 106 
+3.3 
30,845 
30,668 
87,606 
92,601 
49, 929 
64,820 
302, 961 
309, 126 



2, 439. 3 

2, 473. 4 

+1.4 

1, 603. 8 
1,671.9 
2,404.7 

2, 515. 6 
1, 950. 9 
2, 100. 4 
2, 705. 8 
2, 697. 4 



See footnotes at end of table. 



36,128 

36,262 

+.4 

2,241 

2,822 

4.661 

4,843 

6.782 

6.993 

18. 986 

18, 367 

2,731 

2,366 

211 

238 

616 

644 



Rate per 
100,000 






227, 832 
247,279 

+8.6 

130, 856 

140, 966 

+7.7 

1,795 

2,060 

33.824 

38, 676 

13, 976 

15, 898 

24, 612 

24,867 

18,423 

19, 636 

7,387 

8,163 

12,040 

13.233 

2,158 

2,311 



32, 103 

37,223 

+16.9 

10,186 

10,835 

7,167 

7,717 

3,974 

6,151 

10, 787 

12,620 



64, 873 

69,090 

+6.5 

4,276 

4,680 

15. 063 

16,208 

6,061 

6,638 

40,473 

42,664 



216.2 

213.0 

-1.0 

79.3 

98.9 

202.8 

214.6 

152.0 

164.4 

406.9 

386.5 

184.1 

165.8 

34.2 

38.1 

92.6 

96.1 



Property crime ' 



Number 



298, 413 
311,981 
+4.6 
38, 307 
39, 295 
43,664 
43,126 
74,262 
82,928 

110, 343 

111, 726 
19. 781 
21. 733 

6.016 
6.050 
7,060 
7,123 



Rate per 
100,000 



1, 828. 
1,885.4 
+3.1 
1,356.0 
1, 377. 8 
1,941.0 
1, 909. 9 

1, 961. 4 
2, 136. 8 

2, 359. 1 
2, 352. 6 
1,333.1 
1, 437. 4 

812.0 

968.0 

1, 069. 7 

1, 063. 1 



Murder and nonnegU- 
gent manslaughter 



Number 



362.8 
386.9 

+6.6 
426.6 
461.2 
+6.8 
327.6 
369.2 
498.2 
647.9 
304.5 
340.9 
624.9 
621.4 
362.6 
379.6 
286.2 
310.7 
269.0 
280.7 
123.7 
131.9 



1,280,845 
1,351,011 

+6.5 

687, 032 

733, 800 

+6.8 

14,606 

17, 691 

210, 675 

246, 826 

87, 303 

95,183 

106, 771 

110,768 

76, 173 

80, 274 

46,163 

46.490 

87.864 

86,947 

14, 664 

16, 369 






260.7 


286.8 


+14.4 


295.7 


311.4 


222.3 


235.1 


179.3 


276.3 


274.9 


313.8 



187, 346 
199, 196 
+6.3 
64, 064 
65,008 
64,800 
66, 824 
15,167 
18, 677 
63, 314 
69, 687 



336.7 
360.8 
+4.6 
222.3 
240.7 
413.6 
413.1 
197.8 
260.6 
361.6 
372.3 



406,468 

418,016 

+2.8 

26, 669 

25,878 

72, 543 

77, 393 

44,868 

48,282 

262,488 

266,462 



2,039.6 
2,113.8 

+3.6 
2, 240. 
2, 348. 7 

+4.9 

2, 646. 6 
3, 152. 6 
3,101.6 

3, 491. 4 

1, 902. 2 

2, 040. 8 
2, 722. 1 
2, 769. 2 
1, 498. 9 
1,659.9 
1,781.6 
1, 769. 7 
1, 890 2 
1,844.4 

836.0 
877.2 



1, 463. 1 

1,536.0 

+4.9 

1, 569. 7 

1,681.1 

1, 702. 2 

1,700.9 

684.1 

839.0 

1,613.4 

1, 746. 6 



2, 103. 6 
2, 122. 6 
+.9 
1,381.4 
1,331.2 
1,991.2 
2, 102. 6 
1,763.2 

1, 849. 9 

2, 344. 3 
2, 325. 1 



Rate per 
100,000 



807 

741 

-8.2 

64 

62 

107 

116 

76 

96 

499 

424 

44 

39 

3 

8 

26 



7,059 

7,810 

+10.6 

3,631 

3,943 

+8.6 

42 

34 

860 

933 

702 

746 

362 

449 

665 

673 

377 

436 

391 

386 

109 

113 



1.362 
1,706 
+25.3 
404 
524 
357 
368 
266 
328 
346 
496 



2,066 

2,161 

+4.6 

196 

204 

426 

409 

161 

170 

1,294 

1,378 



4.9 
4.6 
-8.2 
1.9 
1.8 
4.8 
6.1 
2.0 
2.4 
10.7 
8.9 
3.0 
2.6 
.5 
1.3 
3.8 
1.2 



11 
12.2 

+8.9 

11.8 

12.6 

+6.8 

7.7 

6.1 

12.7 

13.3 

16.3 

16.0 

9.2 

11.2 

11.1 

11.1 

14.6 

16.6 

8.4 

8.2 

6.2 

6.4 



10.6 
13.1 
+23.6 
11.7 
16.1 
11.1 
10.9 
11.6 
14.7 
8.8 
12.4 



10.7 


11.0 


+2.8 


10.1 


10.6 


11.7 


U.l 


6.9 


6.6 


11.6 


12.0 



64 



Geographic Divisiom and State 1970-71- 

inbabitants; percent change over 1970) 



Continued 



Forcible rape 


Robbery 


Aggravated assault 


Burglary 


Larceny $60 and over 


Auto theft 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 




100,000 




100,000 




100,000 




100,000 




100,000 




100,000 


2,402 


14.7 


16,279 


99.7 


16,640 


96.8 


130,246 


797.9 


113,624 


696.0 


64,543 


3311 


2,632 


16.9 


14,682 


88.1 


17,297 


1016 


138,368 


836.2 


121,626 


736.0 


61,988 


3112 


+9.6 


+a2 


-10.4 


-11.6 


+10.6 


+9.1 


+6.2 


+18 


+7.0 


+6.6 


-17 


-6.0 


178 


6.2 


804 


28.6 


1,208 


42.8 


11331 


607.3 


19,031 


673.7 


1946 


176.0 


2SS 


8.9 


866 


30.4 


1,649 


67.8 


16,160 


631.6 


19,763 


693.0 


4,372 


163.3 


326 


14 6 


1,689 


76.1 


2,440 


108.6 


19,829 


881.7 


18,063 


802.7 


6,772 


266.6 


360 


16.9 


1,483 


66.7 


2,886 


127.8 


20,064 


888.6 


17,668 


777.6 


6,604 


243.8 


360 


9.7 


3,389 


89.1 


1,949 


61.2 


30,607 


801.7 


30,692 


804.0 


13,163 


346.7 


468 


12.1 


2,987 


77.0 


2,443 


62.9 


34,219 


881.7 


36,396 


912.0 


13,314 


343.1 


1,283 


27.4 


9,393 


200.8 


7,811 


167.0 


63,184 


1, 137. 


32,003 


6812 


26,166 


537.8 


1,246 


28.2 


8,633 


179.7 


8,166 


171.7 


66,427 


1, 167. 1 


32,461 


683.3 


23,848 


602.2 


138 


9.3 


860 


67.3 


1,699 


1116 


7,486 


6015 


7,964 


536.7 


1331 


291.9 


212 


14.0 


644 


36.0 


1,660 


103.2 


8,337 


661.4 


9,646 


631.3 


3,860 


2616 


38 


6.2 


40 


6.6 


130 


21.0 


1,769 


286.4 


2,686 


434.6 


662 


91.0 


26 


4.2 


47 


7.6 


167 


26.1 


2,124 


339.8 


3.384 


641.4 


642 


86.7 


74 


11.1 


114 


17.1 


403 


60.6 


3,140 


471.3 


3,296 


494.7 


624 


93.7 


66 


9.9 


122 


18.2 


448 


66.9 


3,037 


463.3 


3.628 


526.6 


668 


83.3 


11,341 


18.1 


81,812 


130.3 


127,620 


203.2 


603,711 


961.3 


471,616 


751.0 


205,518 


327.3 


13, 187 


20.6 


83,603 


130.6 


142,779 


223.4 


646, 936 


1.012.2 


600,783 


783.6 


203,292 


318.1 


+ 16.3 


+ 13.8 


+2.1 


+.2 


+11.9 


+9.9 


+7.2 


+5.3 


+6.2 


+13 


-1.1 


-2.8 


6,637 


18.1 


61, 693 


168.6 


69, 996 


228.2 


320, 608 


1,046.0 


260,266 


848.6 


106,268 


346.6 


6,647 


21.3 


63,268 


170.6 


77, 118 


246.8 


346, 474 


1, 109. 


283,484 


907.4 


103,842 


332.4 


+20.0 


+17.7 


+3.0 


+1.2 


+10.2 


+8.2 


+8.1 


+6.1 


+8.9 


+6.9 


-2.3 


-11 


102 


18.6 


678 


106.6 


1,073 


196.8 


6,789 


1,066.2 


6,663 


1,031.4 


3,064 


669.0 


102 


18.3 


804 


144.1 


1.120 


200.7 


7,769 


1, 390. 6 


6,669 


1, 177. 2 


3,263 


6818 


1,609 


22.2 


12,636 


186.1 


18,819 


277.2 


106,036 


1,561.8 


77,609 


1, 143. 1 


26,930 


396.6 


1,708 


24.3 


13, 422 


190.6 


22, 612 


319.7 


118, 176 


1,678.4 


99, 999 


1,420.2 


27,662 


392.7 


740 


16.1 


4,396 


96.8 


8,139 


177.3 


41,301 


899.9 


31,838 


693.7 


11 164 


308.6 


1,004 


21.6 


4,868 


104.2 


9,291 


199.2 


49,003 


1. 060. 7 


32, 102 


688.3 


11 078 


301.8 


936 


23.9 


13,280 


338.6 


9,934 


263.3 


41,234 


1,061.2 


44,069 


1, 123. 3 


21, 478 


647.6 


997 


24.9 


13, 016 


326.4 


10,396 


269.9 


44,900 


1,122.6 


44,796 


1, 119. 9 


21, 072 


626.8 


640 


12.6 


2,602 


49.2 


14, 716 


289.6 


36,011 


708.6 


32, 609 


639.7 


7,663 


160.6 


743 


14.4 


2,676 


62.0 


16,646 


302.1 


38, 715 


762.3 


33,890 


668.6 


7,669 


149.0 


444 


17.1 


1,666 


60.0 


6,011 


193.4 


23,466 


905.8 


16,302 


629.3 


6,386 


246.6 


466 


17.3 


1,638 


62.4 


6,634 


2116 


21062 


916.9 


16, 899 


643.3 


6,629 


210.6 


717 


16.4 


4,276 


92.0 


6,666 


143.2 


37,448 


806.6 


36,692 


787.2 


13,824 


297.4 


906 


19.2 


4,860 


102.9 


7,092 


150.4 


38,207 


810.6 


34,873 


739.8 


13,867 


2912 


116 


6.7 


476 


27.3 


1,467 


83.6 


6,777 


388.6 


6,176 


3610 


1,612 


92.4 


87 


6.0 


620 


36.4 


1,491 


86.1 


6,792 


387.7 


6,636 


378.7 


1,942 


110.8 


1,883 


117 


7,714 


60.2 


21,144 


165.1 


88,386 


690.3 


67,023 


623.4 


31,936 


249.4 


2,176 


16.8 


8,797 


67.8 


24,644 


189.1 


96,638 


743.9 


69,733 


637.4 


32,925 


253.7 


+16.6 


+14.3 


+14.0 


+12.6 


+16.1 


+116 


+9.2 


+7.8 


+10 


+2.7 


+3.1 


+1.7 


637 


18.6 


1,731 


60.3 


7,413 


216.2 


26,283 


763.1 


20,086 


683.2 


7,696 


223.6 


661 


19.0 


2,006 


67.6 


7,646 


219.7 


27,078 


778.3 


20,234 


681.6 


7,696 


221.2 


441 


13.7 


2,344 


72.8 


4,016 


124.7 


22,662 


703.9 


20,988 


661.9 


11,160 


346.3 


489 


14.9 


2,641 


77.4 


4,329 


131.9 


23,696 


719.0 


21,323 


649.7 


10,905 


332.3 


198 


8.9 


421 


19.0 


3,100 


139.8 


7,785 


361.2 


6,646 


2616 


1,737 


78.4 


306 


13.7 


799 


36.9 


4,719 


212.0 


9,900 


444.7 


6,664 


2919 


2,213 


99.4 


607 


16.6 


3,218 


82.0 


6,616 


168.6 


31,666 


806.7 


20,306 


617.4 


11, 363 


289.3 


721 


18.1 


3,462 


86.6 


7,861 


196.8 


35, 964 


901.4 


21, 612 


641.7 


12,111 


303.5 


3,921 


20.3 


22,405 


116.0 


36,481 


188.8 


191 817 


1,008.2 


144, 337 


747.0 


67,314 


348.4 


4,364 


22.2 


21,448 


108.9 


41, 117 


208.8 


203,924 


1,035.5 


147, 666 


749.3 


66,525 


337.8 


+11.3 


+9.4 


-4.3 


-6.1 


+12.7 


+10.6 


+17 


+2.7 


+2.2 


+.3 


-1.2 


-3.0 


328 


17.1 


877 


46.6 


2,876 


149.5 


13, 176 


686.1 


11, 297 


587.4 


2,096 


109.0 


332 


17.1 


947 


48.7 


3,197 


164.6 


12,642 


660.3 


11, 060 


668.4 


2,186 


112.4 


841 


23.1 


6,131 


140.8 


8,665 


237.8 


32,426 


890.0 


26,101 


716.4 


11016 


3817 


872 


23.7 


4,974 


136.1 


8,963 


243.2 


33,667 


911.9 


29,040 


788.9 


11786 


401.7 


400 


16.6 


1,378 


63.8 


3,132 


122.4 


20,303 


793.3 


17,616 


6814 


7,049 


275.4 


432 


16.6 


1,660 


69.4 


4,386 


168.0 


23, 064 


883.7 


17,954 


687.9 


7,264 


278.3 


2,362 


21.0 


16,019 


134.1 


21, 808 


1918 


128,912 


1,151.3 


89,423 


798.7 


44,163 


3913 


2,728 


23.8 


13, 977 


122.0 


24,681 


2116 


134, 651 


1,176.0 


89, 622 


781.2 


42,289 


369.0 



65 



Tqble 3. — Index of Crime by Regions, 

(Number and rate per 100,000 



Area 


Year 


Population ' 


Total Crime Index 


Violent crime ' 


Property crime ' 


Murder and nonnegli- 
gent manslaughter 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 

1 


Rate per 
100,000 


West - 


1970 
1971 


34,809,359 
36,482,000 


1,309,313 
1,424,391 

+8.8 
246,673 
268,028 

+9.1 
61,066 
64,897 
80,834 
87,043 
12,728 
14,739 
11,366 
12,524 
19,631 
19,484 
29,113 
36,750 
26,134 
27,793 

8,801 

6,798 


3,761.4 
4,014.4 

+6.7 
2,964.5 
3, 135. 2 

46.8 
3,446.2 
3, 609. 8 
3, 662. 2 
3, 812. 7 

1, 785. 1 

2, 013. 5 
1,636.8 
1.768.9 
3,996.2 
3,843.0 
2,866.6 

3, 47a 9 
2,372.8 
2,528 9 
1, 746. 1 
1,705.3 


132,287 
148,082 

+11.9 

22,849 

25,778 

+12.8 

6,664 

7,407 

7,874 

8,630 

879 

917 

774 

971 

1,948 

1,887 

2,976 

3,848 

1,469 

1,889 

376 

632 


380.0 
417.3 

+9.8 
276.8 
301.8 
+9.3 
370 3 
400.6 
356.7 
373.6 
123.3 
126.3 
111.8 
)37.1 
398.6 
372.2 
292.8 
373.3 
137.7 
163.7 
113.1 
186.8 


1,177,026 
1,276,309 

+8.4 
222.724 
242,260 

+8.8 
64,802 
87, 490 
72,960 
78, 613 
11,849 
13,822 
10,692 
11,653 
17,583 
17,897 
26,138 
31,906 
23,676 
26,104 

6,425 

6, -266 


3,381.3 
3,597.1 

+6.4 
2.888.7 
2,833.7 

+6.4 
3, 074. 9 
3, 109. 2 
3,305.6 
3, 439. 
1,661.8 
1,888.3 
1,826.3 
1,631.8 
3, 697. 6 
3, 47a 8 
2, 672. 6 
3,097.6 
2.235.0 
2,376.3 
1, 632. 
1,648.8 


2,211 

2,480 

+12.2 

663 

664 

+.2 

168 

124 

137 

149 

33 

24 

22 

31 

43 

58 

96 

120 

36 

30 

19 

18 


6.4 
7.0 

+9.4 
6.7 
6.6 

-3.0 
9.6 
6.7 
6.2 
6.6 
4.6 
3.3 
3.2 
4.4 
8.8 
11.4 
9.4 
11.7 
3.4 
2.7 
6.7 
S.3 






1970 
1971 


8, 283, 586 
8, 649, 000 




Arizona 


1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 


1,772,482 

1, 849, 000 

2, 207, 269 
2.283,000 

713, 008 

732,000 

694,409 

708,000 

488,738 

507,000 

1,016,000 

1,030,000 

1, 059, 273 

1, 099, 000 

332, 416 

340,000 




Idaho 






New Mexico 


Utah -.- 


Wynming 




Pacific 


1970 
1971 


26,628,774 
26,933,000 


1,063,740 

1,168,383 

+8.7 

8,130 

9,014 

889,373 

942,658 

26,148 

28,170 

62, 476 

68,728 

107, 613 

107, 793 


4,0la2 

4, 293. 6 

+7.1 

2, 890. 6 

2, 879. 9 
4,307.0 
4,661.3 
3, 396. 2 

3, 670 3 
2,987.3 
3,184.8 
3, 156. 6 
3,125.3 


109,438 

122,304 

+11.8 

840 

1,112 

94,741 

104,872 

938 

1,830 

6,373 

8,336 

7.846 

8,158 


412.8 
464.1 

+iai 

278.0 
366.3 
474.8 
518.6 
121.8 
231.9 
256.9 
293.6 
221.3 
236.4 


954,302 

1,034,059 

+8.4 

7.290 

7,902 

764,632 

837, 788 

26,210 

28,340 

67,103 

62, 393 

100,087 

99,638 


3, 597. 8 
3,839.4 
+6.7 
2,412.6 
2,624.6 
3, 833. 1 
4, 142, 7 
3, 274. 4 
3,338.4 
2, 73a 4 
2, 891. 2 
2, 936. 2 
2,888.9 


1,688 

1,926 

+ 18.2 

37 

42 

1,376 

1,642 

28 

42 

97 

70 

120 

130 


6.3 

7.2 

+14.3 

12.2 

13.4 

6.9 

8.1 

3.6 

6,3 

4.6 

3.2 

3.6 

3,8 




Alaska— 


1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 
1970 
1971 


302, 173 

313,000 

19, 963, 134 

20,223,000 

769, 913 

789,000 

2,091,385 

2, 168, 000 

3, 409, 189 

3,449,000 


California 


Hawaii 




Washington 





> Population for each state for 1971 is Bureau of the Census provisional estimate as of July 1 and 1970 is decennial census. 

i Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Property crime is offense of burglary, larceny, $60 and over, and auto 
theft. 



66 



Geographic Divisions and State 1970-71 — Continued 

inhabitants; percent change over 1970) 



Forcible rape 


Robbery 


Aggravated assault 


Burglary 


Larceny $60 and over 


Auto theft 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 


Number 


Rate per 




100,000 




100,000 




100,000 




100,000 




100,000 




100,000 


10,071 


28.9 


54,823 


157.5 


65, 182 


187.3 


536,686 


1541.8 


441,842 


1269.3 


198,498 


570.2 


10,876 


30.7 


62,353 


175.7 


72,373 


204.0 


586,570 


1653.1 


483,667 


1363.1 


206,072 


580.8 


+8.0 


+ 6.2 


+13.7 


+11.6 


+11.0 


+8.9 


+9.3 


+7.2 


+9.6 


+7.4 


+3.8 


+1.9 


1,906 


23.0 


7,609 


90.6 


12,881 


166.6 


97,424 


1176. 1 


89. 762 


1083.6 


36,648 


429.1 


2,212 


26.9 


8,181 


96.7 


14,831 


173.6 


103, 327 


1208. 6 


103.002 


1204.8 


36,921 


420.2 


+16.1 


+12.6 


+8.9 


+6.6 


+16.1 


+11.6 


+6.1 


+2.8 


+14.8 


+11.2 


+1.0 


-2.1 


478 


27.0 


2,130 


120.2 


3,788 


213.7 


26, 464 


1493. 


19, 166 


1080. 7 


8.883 


601.2 


663 


29.9 


2,096 


113.3 


4,636 


250.7 


26, 649 


1436. 9 


22.606 


1222. 6 


8.336 


460.8 


796 


36.0 


2,849 


129.1 


4,093 


186.4 


30, 481 


1380.9 


29.491 


1336.1 


12.9S8 


688.4 


877 


38.4 


3,080 


134.9 


4,424 


193.8 


33,104 


1460. 


32. 614 


1424.2 


12. 895 


664.8 


88 


12.3 


146 


20.6 


612 


85.8 


4,803 


673.6 


6.018 


844.0 


1.028 


144.2 


77 


10.6 


163 


22.3 


663 


89.2 


5.430 


741.8 


7.173 


979.9 


1.219 


166.6 


73 


10.6 


166 


22.3 


624 


76.5 


4,123 


693.7 


4.929 


709.8 


1.640 


221.8 


100 


14.1 


203 


28.7 


637 


90.0 


4,637 


664.9 


6,344 


764.8 


1.672 


222.0 


96 


19.6 


921 


188.4 


888 


181.7 


8,116 


1660. 6 


6,238 


1276. 3 


3,229 


660.7 


136 


26.6 


868 


171.2 


826 


162.9 


7,636 


1606.9 


6.888 


1368. 6 


3.074 


606.3 


220 


21.7 


672 


66.1 


1,988 


196.7 


11,698 


1141.6 


10,667 


1039.1 


3,983 


392.0 


262 


26.4 


1,039 


100.9 


2,424 


236.3 


13, 926 


1352. 


13,380 


1299.0 


4,699 


446.6 


116 


10.9 


663 


63.1 


746 


70.3 


9,692 


916.0 


10,633 


1003.8 


3.360 


316.3 


161 


14.6 


666 


60.6 


833 


76.8 


10,053 


914.7 


12,443 


1132.2 


3,608 


328.3 


41 


12.3 


73 


22.0 


243 


73..1 


2,147 


646.9 


2.731 


821.6 


647 


164.6 


47 


13.8 


68 


20.0 


399 


117.4 


1,993 


686.2 


2,666 


780.9 


618 


181.8 


8,166 


30.8 


47,314 


178.4 


62, 301 


197.2 


439,262 


1656. 


362,090 


1327.4 


162. 960 


614 3 


8,664 


32.2 


64, 172 


201.1 


67, 642 


213.6 


483,243 


1794 2 


380, 665 


1413. 4 


170, 161 


631.8 


+6.1 


+4.6 


+14.6 


+12.7 


+10.0 


+8.3 


+10.0 


+8.3 


+8.1 


+6.6 


+4.4 


+2.8 


79 


26.1 


217 


71.8 


607 


167.8 


2,387 


789.9 


3,237 


1071. 2 


1,666 


661.3 


136 


43.6 


210 


67.1 


724 


231.3 


2,666 


848.6 


3,610 


1163. 4 


1,636 


622.7 


7,006 


36.1 


41,277 


206.9 


46,083 


226.9 


349. 788 


1753.0 


277.330 


1389. 9 


137. 614 


689.2 


7,300 


36.1 


47, 626 


236.6 


48,304 


238.9 


392, 277 


1939. 8 


301. 134 


1489. 1 


144.376 


713.9 


91 


11.8 


487 


63.3 


332 


43.1 


11,211 


1456. 1 


9.626 


1237.2 


4.474 


581.1 


138 


17.6 


734 


93.0 


916 


116.1 


11.339 


1437. 1 


10.525 


1334. 


4,476 


567.3 


377 


18.0 


2,144 


102.6 


2,766 


131.7 


26,632 


1273. 4 


23.610 


1124.1 


6,961 


332.8 


478 


22.2 


2,383 


110.4 


3,404 


167.7 


28.933 


1340.7 


25,670 


1189.5 


7.790 


361.0 


613 


18.0 


3,189 


93.6 


3.624 


106.3 


49.244 


1444.6 


38.488 


1129.0 


12.336 


361.8 


612 


17.7 


3,219 


93.3 


4,194 


121.6 


48.038 


1392. 8 


39.726 


1161. 8 


11,874 


344 3 



3 Oflense totals based on all reporting agencies and estimates for unreported areas. 
« Includes the District of Columbia. 



67 



Table 4.— Index of Crime by Stafe, 1971 



Area 



ALABAMA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area... 

Area actually reporting - 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total - 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



ALASKA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area- 
Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



Population 



ARIZONA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total.- 

Rural - 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



ARKANSAS 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area- 
Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural---- 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inh abltants 



1,938,000 

86. 7% 

100.0% 

600,000 

57.0% 

100.0% 

1, 041, 000 

40.8% 

100.0% 

3,479,000 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



None 
122,000 
100.0% 
191,000 
100.0% 
313,000 



1,383,000 
100. 0% 
185,000 
92.9% 
100.0% 
281,000 
73.6% 
100.0% 
1,849.000 



CALIFORNIA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area... 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

State total 

R ate per 100,000 inhabitants - - 

See footnotes at end of table. 



604,000 

90. 1% 

100.0% 

611, 000 

76. 5% 

100.0% 

829,000 

40. 1% 

100. 0% 

1,944,000 



18,864,000 
99.9% 
100.0% 
649,000 
99.8% 
100.0% 
810,000 
100.0% 
20.223,000 



Violent I 

crime 



46,068 
49,471 

S,407 
9,488 

2,808 
6,883 
65,843 

1, 892. a 



6,117 

2,897 
9,014 

2,879.9 



55,844 

6,256 
6,666 

2,498 

3,397 

64,897 

3,509.8 



16, 070 
17,306 

6,235 
6,933 

2,633 

6,319 

30,658 

1,671.9 



899,776 
899,840 

20,693 
20,744 

22,074 
942,658 
4,661.3 



5,619 
6,046 

J. 074 
1,885 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



826 



1,112 

355.3 



«,387 



666 

282 

384 

7,407 

40afi 



2,460 
2,672 

947 
1,234 

302 

754 

4,680 

24D.7 



102,085 
102,090 

1,346 
1,348 

1,434 

104,872 

518.6 



40,449 
43,428 

4,333 
7,601 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



1,185 


1,623 


2,904 


3,979 


0,835 


55,008 


311.4 


1. 681. 1 



6,291 

2,611 

7,902 

2,624.6 



49,477 

4,647 
5,000 

2,216 

3,013 

57,490 

3, 109. 2 



13,620 
14,634 

4,288 
5,679 

2,231 

6,665 

25,878 

1, 331. 2 



797,690 
797,760 

19,348 
19,396 

20,640 
837, 786 
4, 142. 7 



247 
264 

46 
81 

73 

179 

624 

16.1 



22 

20 

42 

13.4 



Forci- 
ble 
rape 



10 
11 

16 
22 
124 

6.7 



90 

33 
44 

28 

70 

204 

10.5 



1,602 
1,602 

36 
36 

105 

1,642 

8.1 



Robbery 



378 
409 

26 
46 

84 
206 
661 
19.0 



103 

33 

136 

43.6 



468 

41 
44 

30 

41 

553 

29.9 



170 
196 

37 

49 

35 

87 

332 

17.1 



7,070 
7,070 

79 
79 

151 

7.300 

36.1 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



1,580 
1,664 

101 
177 

67 

164 

2,005 

67.6 



170 

40 
210 
67.1 



1,915 

128 
138 

31 

42 

2,095 

113.3 



666 
709 

127 
168 

28 

70 

947 

48.7 



46,956 
46,958 

396 
397 

271 
47,626 
235.6 



Burglary 



3,414 
3,709 

901 
1,581 

961 
2,355 
7,645 
219.7 



631 

193 

724 

231.3 



3,893 

430 
463 

205 

279 

4,635 

260.7 



1,831 

1,677 

750 
993 

211 

527 

3,197 

164.5 



46,667 
46,660 

836 
837 

907 

48.304 

238.9 



Larceny 

$60 and 

over 



19,899 
21, 397 

2,164 
3,796 

769 

1,885 

27,078 

778.3 



1,690 

1,066 
2,656 
848.6 



23, 012 

1,924 
2,070 

1,079 

1,467 

26.549 

1, 435. 9 



6,468 
7,013 

2,128 
2,818 

1,127 
2,811 
12,642 
660.3 



373,013 
373,039 

8,795 
8,817 

10,421 
392,277 
1,939.8 



Auto 
theft 



14,209 
16,409 

1,698 
2,979 

763 

1,846 

20,234 

681.6 



2,608 

1,102 

3,610 

1, 153. 4 



18, 951 

2,266 
2,437 



1,217 
22,605 

1, 222. 6 



5,867 
6,228 

1,826 
2,417 

964 
2,406 
11,050 

668.4 



283,745 
283,770 

8,610 
8,631 

8,733 
301, 134 
1,489.1 



6,341 
6,622 

471 

826 

101 

248 

7,696 

221.2 



1,193 

443 
1,636 

522.7 



7,614 

458 
493 

242 

329 

8,336 

450.8 



1,285 
1,393 

336 
444 

140 

349 

2.186 

112.4 



140,932 
140,941 

1,943 
1,948 

1,486 

144,375 

713.9 



68 



Table 4. — Index of Crime by Sfate, 1971 — Continued 



Area 



COLORADO 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



CONNECTICUT 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area- 
Area actually reporting . . _ 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

EuraL 

Area actiwUy reporting 

Slate total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



DELAWARE 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Rural -- 

Area actually reporting 

Statetotal - 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



FLORIDA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting ._ 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Statetotal 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 



GEORGIA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total -. 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total ..- 

State totaL 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



Population 



1, 639, 000 

94.0% 

100.0% 

260,000 

93.3% 

100.0% 

384,000 

90.6% 

100.0% 

2,283,000 



2,626,000 
99. 1% 
100.0% 
177,000 
100.0% 
279,000 
100.0% 

3,081,000 



394,000 
100.0% 

66,000 
100. 0% 

99,000 
100.0% 
658,000 



6, 487, 000 
100.0% 
666,000 
100. 0% 
899,000 
100. 0% 

7,041,000 



2, 354, 000 

96.0% 

100.0% 

684,000 

70. 6% 

100.0% 

1, 626, 000 

28.0% 

100. 0% 

4,664,000 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



70,309 
73,655 

7,498 
8,033 

4,846 

6,366 

87,043 

3,812.7 



74,770 
75,238 

3,417 

3,031 
81,686 
2,661.3 



16,007 

1,756 

1,889 

19,6SI 

3. 621. 7 



246,643 

17,724 

21,134 
284,401 

4,039.2 



78, 760 
81,047 

9,696 
13, 596 

4,606 

16,438 

111,081 

2, 381. 7 



Violent 1 
crime 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



7,288 
7,620 

443 

475 

484 

535 

8.530 

373.6 



5,436 
5,457 

360 

161 
6,968 
193.7 



1,416 

321 

324 
2,060 
369.2 



33,947 

2,035 

2,693 
38,575 

547.9 



9,824 
10,053 

1,314 
1,861 

1,116 
3,984 
15,898 
340.9 



63,021 
66,135 

7,055 
7,558 

4,361 

4,820 

78,513 

3,439.0 



69,334 
69,781 

3,067 

2,870 

75,718 

2,467.6 



14,692 

1,434 

1,666 

17,591 

3, 152. 5 



211,596 

15,689 

18,541 
245,826 
3, 491. 4 



68,926 
70,994 

8,281 
11,735 

3,489 
12,454 
95,183 

2, 040. 8 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Forci- 
ble 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny 

$60 and 

over 


123 
126 


751 
772 


2,901 
2,976 


3,613 
3,647 


27,276 
28,432 


24,402 
25,871 


9 
10 


31 
33 


66 
60 


347 
372 


2,437 
2,611 


4,014 
4,300 


12 

13 

149 

6.6 


65 

72 

877 

38.4 


41 

45 

3,080 

134.9 


366 

405 

4,424 

193.8 


1,865 

2,061 

33,104 

1,460.0 


2,120 

2,343 

32,514 

1,424.2 


88 
88 


317 
319 


2,436 
2,443 


2,595 
2,607 


29,373 
29,562 


24,067 
24,263 


3 


19 


66 


263 


1,638 


1,163 


5 

96 

3.1 


29 
367 
11.9 


56 

2,663 

83.2 


72 
2,942 
95.6 


1,784 
32,884 
1,067.3 


797 

26,223 

861.1 


22 


68 


689 


646 


6,266 


5,363 


2 


6 


62 


252 


648 


615 


10 


39 


53 


222 


846 


601 


34 

6.1 


102 
18.3 


804 
144.1 


1,120 

200.7 


7,759 
1,390.5 


6,569 

1, 177. 2 


736 


1,434 


12,634 


19,244 


101,360 


84,840 


63 


66 


467 


1,439 


7,562 


7,060 


136 
933 
13.3 


208 
1,708 
24.3 


421 
13,422 

190.6 


1,829 
22,612 

319.7 


9,263 
118,176 

1,678.4 


8,099 
99,999 
1,420.2 


430 
438 


662 
679 


4,110 
4,172 


4,622 
4,764 


35,797 
36, 805 


22,096 
22,823 


63 

89 


48 
68 


195 
276 


1,008 
1,428 


3,910 
5,541 


3,397 
4,814 


61 
218 
745 

16.0 


72 

267 

1,004 

21.6 


116 

410 

4,858 

104.2 


868 
3,099 
9,291 
199.2 


1,865 

6,667 

49,003 

1, 050. 7 


1,251 

4,465 

32, 102 

688.3 



Auto 

theft 



11,343 
11,832 

604 
647 

376 

416 

12,896 

564.8 



15,894 
15,966 



366 



16, 611 

639.1 



2,973 

171 

119 
3,263 

684.8 



26,396 

1,067 

1,189 

27,652 

392.7 



11,033 
11,366 

974 
1,380 

373 

1,332 

14,078 

301.8 



See footnotes at end of table. 



69 



Table 4. — Index of Crime by State, 1971 — Continued 



HAWAD 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area- 
Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural - 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



IDAHO 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area- 
Area actually reporting 

Other cities - 

Area actuaUy reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural -- 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total- 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 



ILLINOIS 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area- 

Area actually reporting --- 

Estimated total - 

Other cities.- - 

Area actually reporting - 

Estimated total..- - 

Rural - 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total-.- 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants - - 



INDIANA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area- 
Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities -- 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total -- -- 

Rural - 

Area actuaUy reporting 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 



IOWA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area- 
Area actually reporting - 

Estimated total 

Other cities --- - --- 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural -- - - 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total - 

State total 

Rate per 100.000 Inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Population 



648,000 
100.0% 
68,000 
88.1% 
100. 0% 
84,000 
73.0% 
100.0% 
789,000 



113,000 
100.0% 
301,000 

99. 1% 
100.0% 
318,000 

92. 6% 
100.0% 
732,000 



8, 969, 000 

94.9% 

100.0% 

945,000 

83.1% 

100.0% 

1, 282, 000 

79. 6% 

100. 0% 

11,196,000 



3,266,000 

96. 7% 
100.0% 
797,000 

90.6% 

100.0% 

1,221,000 

97. 6% 
100.0% 

5,274,000 



1, 018, 000 

97. 8% 

100.0% 

762. 0011 

88.9% 

100. 0%, 

1,082,0011 

74.8% 

100. 0?{. 

2,852,000 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



24,630 

1.697 
1,811 

1,337 

1,829 

28,170 

3, 670. 3 



2,868 

8.201 
8,273 

3,336 

3,608 

14,739 

2, 013. 6 



237, 963 
246,071 

14, 476 
17, 427 

8,616 

10, 822 

274,320 

2. 460. 2 



93,090 
96,224 

13. 786 
16.231 

9.949 

10.209 

121, 664 

2, 306. 9 



22,971 
23,439 

10,163 
11, 431 

6,421 

7,247 

42, 117 

1, 476. 8 



Violent I 
crime 



1,261 

263 
298 

206 

281 

1,830 

231.9 



228 

413 

416 

262 

273 

917 

126.3 



60,098 
60,908 

1,224 
1,473 

841 

1,055 

53, 436 

477.3 



10, 621 
10,804 

948 
1,047 

674 

692 

12,643 

237.8 



1,879 
1,902 

604 
680 

180 

240 

2,822 

98.9 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



1,334 
1,613 

1,131 

1,648 

26,340 

3,338.4 



2,630 

7.788 
7,857 

3,084 

3,335 

13,822 

1,888.3 



187, 865 
195, 163 

13, 251 
15,954 

7,775 

9,767 

220,884 

1, 972. 9 



82,469 
86,420 

12,837 
14,184 

9,275 

9,617 

109, 121 

2, 069. 



21,092 
21,637 

9,650 
10, 761 

6,241 

7,007 

39,295 

1, 377. 8 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



4 

6 

42 

5.3 



24 
3.3 



1,014 
1,027 

22 
26 

21 

26 

1,079 



213 

216 

27 
30 

33 
34 
279 
6.3 



36 
36 

10 
U 

4 

6 

52 

1.8 



Forci- 
ble 
rape 



124 

2 
2 

9 
12 
138 

17.6 



29 
29 

20 

22 

77 

10.5 



2,157 
2,212 

88 
106 

80 

100 

2,418 

21.6 



767 
771 



66 
925 
17.6 



168 
160 



62 



27 
36 
255 

8.9 



Robbery 



U 
734 
93.0 



40 



22 
24 
163 

22.3 



28,116 
28,353 

319 
384 

130 

163 

28,900 

258.1 



6,980 
6,044 

284 
314 

117 

120 

6,478 

122.8 



718 
726 



106 

26 

36 

866 

30.4 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



381 

249 
282 

186 

253 

916 

116.1 



274 
276 

204 
221 
653 

89.2 



18, 811 

19, 316 

795 
957 

610 

766 

21,039 

187.9 



3,671 
3.774 

666 
614 

461 

473 

4,861 

92.2 



968 



449 
606 

123 

164 

1,649 

67.8 



Burglary 


Larceny 

$50 and 

over 


9,699 


9,426 


762 
864 


466 
528 


640 

876 

11,339 

1, 437. 1 


417 

571 

10,625 

1,334.0 


1,093 


1,251 


2,693 
2,717 


4,368 
4,407 


1,498 
1,620 
5,430 

741.8 


1,401 
1,516 
7,173 

979.9 


79, 691 
82,864 


68,024 
61,142 


4,863 
5.856 


7,213 
8,684 


3.951 

4,963 

93,682 

836.7 


3,271 

4,109 

73,935 

660.4 


36,666 
36,689 


29,617 
30,962 


6,060 
6,591 


6,320 
6,983 


6,068 

5,190 

47,470 

900.1 


3,389 
3,477 
41,422 

786.4 


7,723 
7,866 


10,299 
10,633 


3.644 
3.986 


6.218 
6.869 


2.474 
3.308 
15. 160 
531.6 


2,614 
3.361 
19,763 
693.0 



70 



Table 4. — Index of Crime by State, 1971 — Continued 



KANSAS 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities.- 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated totaL 

Rural _._ 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100.000 Inhabitants 



KENTtJCKY 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting .-_ 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

StatetotsI -.- -- 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



LOUISIANA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area- 
Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities..- 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Statetotal 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 



MAINE 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural - -.- 

Area actually reporting 

Statetotal 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 



MARYLAND 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting _ 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting _ 

Estimated total 

Rural _._ 

Area actually reporting 

Statetotal _ 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 



Population 



944,000 

99. 6% 

100.0% 

662,000 

99. 2% 

100. 0% 

662,000 

92. 7% 

100.0% 

2,258,000 



1, 311, 000 
100.0% 
609,000 
100.0% 

1,361,000 
100.0% 

3,282,000 



2, 126, 000 

94.3% 

100.0% 

404,000 

79.0% 

100.0% 

1, 162, 000 

63.6% 

100.0% 

3,681,000 



290,000 
96.8% 
100.0% 
404.000 
8&7% 
100.0% 
309,000 
100.0% 
1,003,000 



3, 371, 000 
100.0% 
160,000 
98.4% 
100.0% 
478,000 
100.0% 

4,000,000 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



29,672 
29,681 

11, 814 
11,911 

6,910 

6,377 

47,969 

2,124.4 



42,740 

9,062 

11, 749 
63,541 

1, 936. 



76,341 
78,241 

3,807 
4,821 

6,111 

9,639 

92,601 

2, 616. 6 



4,863 
4,993 

4,783 
6,616 

3,008 

13,516 

1, 347. 6 



127, 162 

2,831 
2,877 

6,686 
135,625 
3, 390. 6 



Violent I 
crime 



3,268 
3,272 

1,076 
1,086 

461 

486 

4,843 

214.5 



4,278 

1,428 

2,013 
7,717 
236.1 



11,387 
11,787 

686 
742 

1,436 
2,679 
15.208 
413.1 



317 
326 

236 
271 

243 
840 
83.7 



23,939 



623 
24,857 
62L4 



Prop- 
erty* 
crime 



26,314 
26,409 

10,738 
10,826 

5,469 

5,891 

43,126 

1,909.9 



38,462 

7,628 

9,736 
65,824 
1, 700. 9 



63,964 
66,454 

3,221 
4,079 

3,676 

6,860 

77, 393 

2,102.6 



4,636 
4,667 

4,648 
5,244 

2,765 
12,676 
1,283.8 



103,223 

2,442 
2,482 

6,063 
110,768 
2, 769. 2 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



23 

27 

29 

115 

6.1 



162 

40 

166 
358 
10.9 



270 
279 

23 
29 

64 

101 

409 

11. 1 



6 
7 

7 
20 

2.0 



8 
8 

32 
449 
11.2 



Forci- 
ble 
rape 



234 



65 



289 

60 

160 
489 
14.9 



642 
676 



166 
872 
23.7 



17 
20 

26 
74 
7.4 



8 
8 

60 

997 

24.9 



Robbery 



1,120 
1,126 

286 

287 

66 

71 

1,483 

66.7 



2,107 

164 

270 
2,541 

77.4 



4,694 
4,674 

64 
81 

117 

219 

4,974 

136.1 



144 

14.4 



12,783 

114 
116 

116 
13,015 
325.4 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



1,842 
1,850 

703 
709 

302 

326 

2,885 

127.8 



1,740 

1,162 

1,427 
4,329 
131.9 



6,881 
6,158 

475 
802 

1,176 
2,193 
8,953 
243.2 



206 
211 

179 
206 

186 

602 

60.0 



9,818 

269 
263 

316 
10,396 
269.9 



Burglary 



12,461 
12, 610 

4,745 
4.784 

2,667 
2,770 
20,064 
888.8 



14,414 

3,500 

6,682 
23,696 

719.0 



27, 310 
28,452 

1,700 
2,163 

1,687 

2,962 

33,567 

911.9 



2,180 
2,246 

2,254 
2,699 

1,787 
6.631 
661.1 



41,653 

1,133 

1,162 

2,196 
44,900 
1, 122. 6 



Larceny 

$60 and 

over 



9,709 
9,737 

5,037 
5,078 

2,542 
2,743 
17,558 
777.6 



14,910 

3,284 

3,149 
21,323 

849.7 



23,140 
24,164 

1,228 
1,556 

1,786 

3,331 

29,040 

788.9 



1,774 
1,826 

1,776 
2,048 

762 
4.626 

461.2 



41, 375 

979 
996 

2,426 
44,796 
1, 119. 9 



Auto 
theft 



4,144 
4,162 

968 

964 

360 

378 

5,504 

243.8 



9,138 

862 

905 
10,905 
33Z3 



13,604 
13,848 

293 
371 

304 

667 

14, 786 

40L7 



682 
596 

618 
697 

228 
1.419 

141.6 



20,296 

330 
335 

442 

21,072 

626.8 



71 



Table 4. — Index of Crime by State, 1971 — Continued 



Area 



MASSACHUSETTS 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. .- 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total .-. 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total - 

Rural - 

Area actually reporting - 

State total -- 

Kate per 100,000 inhabitants 



Population 



6, 690, 000 

96. 6% 

100.0% 

123,000 

84.2% 

100. 0% 

46,000 

100.0% 

5,758,000 



MICHIGAN 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area... 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting - 

Rural - 

Area actually reporting 

Slatetolal - -- 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants — 



7,039,000 
100. 0% 
861,000 
100.0% 

1, 097, 000 
100. 0% 

8,997,000 



MINNESOTA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.- 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities- - 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total - 

Rural 

Area actually reporting-. 

Estimated total 

State total. - 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



2,216,000 

100.0% 

672,000 

96. 4% 

100.0% 

1, 083, 000 

96. 8% 

100.0% 

3,881,000 



MISSISSIPPI 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting.. 

Estimated total - 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural.- - 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total - 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



MISSOURI 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting - - - 

Estimated total 

Other cities - 

Area actually reporting .- 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



397,000 

86.9% 

100. 0% 

665,000 

94.2% 

100. 0% 

1,164,000 

40. 8% 

100. 0% 

2,226,000 



3, 023, 000 

99.1% 
100. 0% 
617,000 
81.8% 
100. 0% 
1,209,000 
61.3% 
100. 0% 
4,749,000 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



189,444 
196, 061 

3,767 
4,474 

261 
200,796 
3,487.3 



317, 972 

16, 418 

26,994 
360,384 
4,006.6 



70,623 

8,622 
8,843 

9,262 

9,665 

88,921 

2,291.2 



6,604 
6,894 

11,601 
12, 319 

2,291 

5,616 

24,828 

1,116.4 



Violent I 
crime 



112, 129 
112,791 

7,146 
8,736 

4,386 

8,666 

130,083 

2, 739. 2 



Prop- 
erty ! 
crime 



14,682 
16, 017 

214 

264 

46 
15,317 

266.0 



48,430 

1,409 

1,868 

51.697 

674.6 



6,428 

269 
268 

288 

297 

6,993 

154.4 



877 
971 

2,907 
3,087 

854 
2,093 
6,151 
276.3 



16,662 
16, 615 

646 

788 

489 

054 

18,367 

386.6 



174, 762 
181,044 

3,663 
4,220 

215 
185,479 
3, 221. 2 



Murder 
and non- 
negUgent 

man- 
slaughter 



269,542 

16,009 

24,136 
308,687 
3, 431. 



65,095 

8,263 
8,575 

8,964 

9,258 

82,928 

2, 136. 8 



6,727 
6,923 



9,232 

1,437 
3,622 
18, 677 
839.0 



95,667 
96, 176 

6,501 
7,948 

3,896 

7,602 

111,726 

2, 352. 6 



Forci- 
ble 
rape 



217 
219 



220 
3.8 



866 

26 

60 
942 
10.6 



74 



16 

15 

95 

2.4 



60 
76 

77 
82 

70 
171 
328 
14.7 



369 
370 

11 
13 

21 
41 
424 
8.9 



Robbery 



662 
680 



715 

12.4 



2,033 

137 

234 
2.404 

26.7 



403 

22 
23 

41 

42 

468 

12.1 



93 



47 
115 
305 
13.7 



1,004 
1,097 

27 
33 

69 

116 

1.246 

26.2 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Burglary 



7,880 
7,997 

69 
70 

2 
8,069 
140.1 



29,247 

302 

154 

29,703 

330.1 



2,887 
66 



31 

32 

2.987 

77.0 



311 
354 

232 
246 

81 

199 

799 

36.9 



8,261 
8,269 



122 
149 



116 
8,533 
179.7 



Larceny 

$60 and 

over 



6,923 
6,121 

131 
156 

36 
6,313 

109.6 



16,294 

944 

1,410 
18,648 
207.3 



165 
171 

201 

208 

2,443 

62.9 



423 
461 

2,605 
2,660 

656 
1,608 
4,719 
212.0 



6,848 
6,879 

486 
593 

360 

683 

8,155 

171.7 



72, 070 
74, 712 

1,977 
2,348 

85 
77, 145 
1,339.8 



129,709 
7,146 



14, 901 
151.756 



26, 697 

2,866 
2,974 

4,404 

4,648 

34,219 

881.7 



2,712 
2,796 

4,648 
4,936 

886 
2,169 
9,900 
444.7 



47,108 
47,356 

2,976 
3,637 

2,273 

4,436 

65,427 

1, 167. 1 



48,141 
50,209 

1,138 
1,362 

64 
51,625 

896.6 



Auto 
theft 



64,661 
56,123 

438 
520 

66 
56,709 

984.9 



97,634 


42,299 


6,699 


1,164 


7,905 


1,330 


112,138 


44,793 


1,246.4 


497.9 



26,428 

4,609 
4,783 

4,051 

4,184 

35,395 

912.0 



2,131 
2,218 

3,172 
3,368 



978 
6.564 

294.9 



25,698 
25,956 

2,987 
3,662 

1,467 

2,843 

32,451 

683.3 



11,970 

788 
818 

609 

526 

13,314 

343.1 



884 
910 



874 
928 



72 



Table 4.— Index of Crime by State, T977— Continued 



Area 



MONTANA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 



NEBRASKA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area- 
Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities- 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 



NEVADA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area- 
Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



NEW HAMPSHIRE 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total _ 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



NEW JERSEY 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area- 
Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Population 



171,000 
100. 0% 
210,000 

93. 1% 
100.0% 
327,000 

81.8% 
100.0% 
708, 000 



644,000 

99.4% 

100.0% 

428,000 

98. 1% 

100.0% 

440,000 

98. 1% 

100. 0% 

1.612,000 



413,000 
100.0% 
39,000 
100. 0% 
66,000 
89. 7% 
100.0% 
507,000 



242,000 
100. 0% 
362,000 
88.4% 
100. 0% 
168,000 
100.0% 
762, 000 



6, 673, 000 
100.0% 
499,000 
100.0% 
127,000 
100. 0% 

7,300,000 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



4,671 

3,964 
4,246 

3,033 

3,707 

12,524 

1, 768. 9 



16, 290 
16,335 

4,067 
4,147 

3,638 

3,606 

24,088 

1, 693. 1 



17,643 

776 

1,046 

1,166 

19,484 

3, 843. 



6,704 
6,463 

1,479 

10,868 

1, 426. 2 



209,911 

12, 421 

2,338 
224,670 
3, 077. 7 



Violent > 
crime 



278 

269 
288 

332 

405 

971 

137.1 



2,037 
2,039 

160 
162 

161 

164 

2.365 

166.8 



1,653 

76 

143 

169 
1,887 
372.2 



166 

318 
360 

64 
680 

76.1 



26,673 

653 

116 
26.441 

362.2 



Prop- 
erty! 
crime 



4,293 

3,685 
3,958 

2,701 

3,302 

11,553 

1,631.8 



14, 253 
14,296 

3,917 
3,995 

3,377 

3,442 

21,733 

1,437.4 



16, 890 

701 

903 

1,006 

17,597 

3, 470. 8 



2,780 

6,386 
6,093 

1,416 
10,288 
1,360.1 



184, 238 

11, 768 

2,223 
198.229 
2, 716. 6 



Murder 
and non- 
negUgent 

man- 
slaughter 



4 
4 

11 
13 
31 

4.4 



28 

4 
4 

7 

7 

39 

2.6 



49 

3 

5 

6 

58 

11.4 



10 
17 

2.2 



4 
426 
5.8 



Forci- 
ble 
rape 



19 
20 

60 

61 

100 

14.1 



164 
166 

17 

17 

29 

30 

212 

14.0 



118 

6 

10 
11 
135 

26.6 



28 
32 

18 
63 

8.3 



64 

15 
1,058 
14.6 



Robbery 



86 

72 
77 

33 

40 
203 

28.7 



617 
617 

15 
15 

12 

12 

644 

36.0 



816 



43 

868 

171.2 



67 
76 

6 
123 

16.1 



16,762 

273 

37 
16,062 
220.0 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



169 

174 
187 

238 

291 

637 

90.0 



1,328 
1,329 

114 
116 

113 

115 

1,560 

103.2 



670 
67 



826 

162.9 



220 
249 

31 
377 
49.6 



8,617 

319 

69 
8,895 
121.8 



Burglary 



1,673 

1,406 
1,610 

1,189 
1,4M 
4,637 

664.9 



6,232 
6,253 

1,481 
1,610 

1,544 
1,674 
8,337 
661.4 



7,060 

244 

297 

331 

7,635 

1,505.9 



1,265 

2,606 
2,835 

992 
5,082 

666.9 



81,961 

6,630 

1,239 
88,720 
1, 215. 3 



Larceny 

$50 and 

over 



1,746 
1,874 

1,219 
1,490 
5,344 
754.8 



5,663 
6,680 

2,107 
2,149 

1,686 
1,717 
9,546 
631.3 



6,983 

340 

607 

566 

6,888 

1,358.6 



1,086 

2,214 
2,606 

214 
3,804 

499.2 



61,239 

5,122 

802 

67, 163 

920.0 



472-311 0-72-6 



73 



Table 4.— Index of Crime by State, 1977— Continued 



NEW MEXICO 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting • 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

State toUl 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 



NEW YORK 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area- 
Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total - 

Rural 

Area actually reporting... 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



Population 



NORTH CAROLINA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area- 
Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total-- - 

State total - - - 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 



NORTH DAKOTA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area- 
Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Rural - 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total 

State total - 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 



OHIO 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting -. 

Estimated total - 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting - - 

Estimated total -. 

Rural 

Area actually reporting -- 

Estimated total .- - - 

State total -- -- 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



318,000 
100. 0% 
414,000 
96. 7% 
100.0% 
298,000 
100. 0% 
1,030,000 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



16,214,000 

99.6% 

100. 0% 

819,000 

93. 9% 

100. 0% 

1,367,000 

100. 0% 

18,391,000 



2,093,000 

94. 7% 

100. 0% 

811,000 

86.6% 

100. 0% 

2, 242, 000 

41. 6% 

100. 0% 

6,146,000 



70,000 
100. 0% 
194,000 
100. 0% 
360,000 

83.3% 
100. 0% 
625,000 



8, 414, 000 

97. 4% 

100. 0% 

984,000 

86.1% 

100.0% 

1, 380, 000 

72. 1% 

100.0% 

10,778,000 



Violent I 
crime 



18, 876 

12,856 
13,430 

3,446 
35,750 

3, 470. 9 



706,031 
707, 763 

12,336 
13, 136 

16,006 
736,904 
4,006.9 



66,246 
68. 319 

16,847 
18,313 

9,616 
23, 178 
99,810 
1, 939. 6 



1,339 

3,016 

1,610 

1,933 

6,288 

1,006.1 






233, 614 
237,467 

12,964 
16,037 

10,666 
14,784 
267,278 
2, 479. 8 



Prop- 
erty' 
crime 



2,036 

1,227 
1,281 

629 
3,845 
373.3 



140,644 
140,768 

1,462 
1,646 

903 
143,214 

778.7 



9,708 
10,082 

3,301 
3,816 

2,362 
6,669 
19,536 
379.6 



44 

66 

118 

138 

238 

38.1 



29,614 
29,930 

1,013 
1,176 

760 

1,083 

32, 159 

298.4 



11,629 
12, 149 

2,916 
31,905 

3,097.6 



Murder 
■ind non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



568, 387 
666, 998 

10,883 
11,889 

16,103 
593,690 
3,228.2 



46.841 

48,267 

12,846 
14, 498 

7,264 
17, 809 
80,274 
1, 669. 9 



1,296 

2,960 

1,498 
1,796 
6.050 
968.0 



203,900 
207, 627 

11, 941 
13,861 

9,906 

13, 731 

235,119 

2, 181. 5 



40 

29 
30 

60 

120 

11.7 



1,763 
1,786 



Forci- 
ble 
rape 



44 
1,817 



266 

277 



89 
103 



193 
573 
11.1 



1.3 



764 
769 



Robbery 



143 



262 

26.4 



3,022 
3,027 

82 
68 

86 
3,167 

17.2 



407 
426 



743 
14.4 



3 

4 

16 
19 
26 
4.2 



1,794 
1,812 



13 


77 


18 


107 


811 


1,988 


7.6 


18.4 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



738 

182 
190 

114 
1,039 

100.9 



96,626 
96,633 

322 
343 

146 

97,071 

527.8 



1,988 
2,043 



291 



123 

296 

2,675 

62.0 



14 

17 

47 

7.8 



17,019 
17, 146 

296 
342 

112 

168 

17,642 

163.7 



Burglary 



Larceny 

$80 and 

over 



1,117 

968 
1,008 

299 
2,424 
238.3 



39,343 

39,400 

1,061 
1,130 

629 
41, 159 

223.8 



7,046 
7,306 

2,861 
3,296 

2,051 
4,944 
15.545 
302.1 



28 



80 

96 

157 

25.1 



10,037 
10,204 

638 
741 

568 

773 

11,718 

108.7 



7,432 

6,046 
6,272 

1,222 

13.926 

1, 362. 



248, 010 
248,630 

4,761 
6,070 

9,664 
263.254 
1,431.4 



21,466 
22,313 

6,888 
6,423 

4,140 

9,979 

38,716 

762.3 



441 

833 

708 

860 

2.124 

339.8 



88, 679 
87,034 

6,348 
6,208 

6,261 

7,278 

100,520 

932.6 



Auto 
theft 



6,962 

6,411 
6,663 

776 
13,380 

1,299.0 



194, 033 
194, 774 

4,962 
6,273 



2,466 

1,172 
1,224 

919 
4.599 

446.5 



123,339 
123,894 

1,170 
1,246 



4,338 1,211 
204,385 126.051 
1,111.3 685.4 



20,264 
20,996 

8,699 
6,470 

2,668 
6,424 
33,890 
688.6 



704 

1,877 

669 

803 

3,384 

641.4 



67, 874 
69,377 

6,181 
6,014 

4,117 

6,707 

81,098 

782.4 



4,822 
4,968 

1,389 
1,606 

469 
1,106 
7.669 
149.0 



160 

260 

118 
142 
642 

86.7 



60,347 
61, 116 

1,412 
1,639 

638 

746 

53,501 

496.4 



74 



Table 4. — Index of Crime by State, 1971 — Continued 



OKLAHOMA 

standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural -- - 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



OREGON 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area- 
Area actually reporting 

Estimated total .-. 

Other cities — 

Ar«a actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

State total -- 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 



PENNSYLVANIA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

State total - 

Rate per 100.000 inhabitants 



RHODE ISLAND 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

State totel 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



SOUTH CAROLINA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities.. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting _ 

Estimated total 

State total.. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Population 



1, 309, 000 

96. 3% 

100.0% 

681,000 

87. 6% 

100.0% 

720,000 

72. 2% 

100.0% 

2,610,000 



1, 329, 000 
99.6% 
100.0% 
360,000 
99.6% 
100.0% 
470,000 
100.0% 
2,158,000 



9, 657, 000 

92.0% 

100.0% 

876,000 

79. 1% 

100.0% 

1,447,000 

100. 0% 

11,879,000 



779,000 
100.0% 
177,000 
97.9% 
100.0% 
4,000 
100.0% 
960,000 



1, 218, 000 

97. 2% 

100. 0% 

411,000 

77.4% 

100,0% 

998,000 

68.0% 

100.0% 

2,627,000 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



37,383 

38,204 

8,792 
10, 037 

4,763 
6,679 
54,820 

2, 100. 4 



63,667 
63,739 

8,566 
8,608 

6,381 

68,728 

3,184.8 



178, 664 
191, 849 

9,226 
11,668 

13,383 
216,890 
1,825.8 



26,630 

4,504 
4,600 

226 

31,455 

3,276.6 



34,911 
36,011 

7,265 
9,371 

6,374 

9,271 

54,653 

2,080.4 



Violent 1 
crime 



4,647 
4,621 

884 
1,009 

666 

908 

6,538 

260.6 



4,915 
4,928 

678 
681 

726 
6,335 
293.6 



28,130 
29,224 



872 

695 
30,791 

269.2 



1,847 

253 
268 

24 
2,129 
221.8 



4,860 
4,999 

1,011 
1,306 

1,077 
1,868 
8,163 
310.7 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



32,836 
33,683 

7,908 
9.028 

4,097 

6,671 

48,282 

1,849.9 



48, 662 
48,811 

7,888 
7,927 

6,665 

62,393 

2, 891. 2 



150, 434 
162, 625 

8,534 
10, 786 

12,688 
186,099 
1, 566. 6 



4,251 
4,342 

201 

29,326 

3, 054. 8 



30,061 
31, 012 

6,244 
8,065 

4,297 

7,413 

46, 490 

1, 769. 7 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



104 
107 

17 
19 

32 

44 

170 

6.6 



33 
38 

7 
7 

26 
70 
3.2 



665 
682 

12 
15 

32 
729 

6.1 



26 



29 
3.0 



198 
202 

54 
70 

95 

164 

436 

16.6 



Forci- 
ble 
rape 



320 
325 

31 
35 

62 

72 

432 

16.6 



380 
381 



36 



61 
478 
22.2 



1,344 
1,404 



49 

114 
1,567 
13.2 



46 

7 

7 

2 
54 

5.6 



282 
291 

36 
46 

69 

119 

45S 

17.3 



Robbery 



1,246 
1,267 

146 
167 

91 

126 

1,550 

69.4 



2,233 
2,236 

87 
87 

61 
2,383 
110.4 



16,490 
16, 978 

221 
279 

187 
16,444 
138.4 



749 

69 
60 

6 
815 

84.9 



1,280 
1,309 

113 
146 

106 

183 

1,638 

62.4 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



2,878 
2,932 

690 

788 

481 

666 

4,386 

168.0 



2,264 
2,274 

648 
661 

679 
3,404 
167.7 



10.631 
11,160 

419 
629 

362 
12,051 
101.4 



1,027 

184 
188 

16 
1,231 

128.2 



3,090 
3,197 

809 
1,045 

807 
1,392 
5,634 
214.5 



Burglary 



16, 229 
16, 677 

3,290 
3,766 

1,973 

2,731 

23,064 

883.7 



22,716 
22, 790 

3,299 
3,316 

2,828 
28,933 
1,340.7 



69, 132 
74,453 

3,582 

4,527 

8,393 

87,373 

735.6 



8,841 

1,660 
1,693 

101 

10,535 

1, 097. 4 



14, 911 
15,386 

3,433 
4,434 

2,469 

4,242 

24,062 

915.9 



Larceny 

$50 and 

over 



10,803 
11,124 

3,817 
4,368 

1,786 

2,472 

17,954 

687.9 



19,339 
19,406 

3,796 
3,816 

2,449 
25,670 
1, 189. 6 



42, 930 
47,472 

3,790 
4,790 

3,378 
55,640 

468.4 



7,076 

2,193 
2,240 

73 
9,389 

978.0 



11,038 
11,397 

2,189 
2,828 

1, 560 
2,674 
16,899 
643.3 



75 



Table 4. — Index of Crime by State, 1971 — Continued 



Area 



Population 



SOUTH DAKOTA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities --- 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Kural - 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total - 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



TENNESSEE 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total - 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total - 

Rural - - 

Area actually reporting -- 

Estimated total 

State total -- - 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 



96,000 
100.0% 
211,000 

92.4% 
100.0% 
363,000 

59.1% 
100.0% 
670,000 



TEXAS 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities - 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Stete total 

Rate per 100,000 IrJiabltants - . 

UTAH 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area- 
Area actually reporting 

Other cities - 

Area actually reporting - . - 

Estimated total - 

Rural- - 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total - 

State toUl - 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants.- 



1,969,000 

97.4% 

100.0% 

614,000 

71.9% 

100.0% 

1,417,000 

22.2% 

100. 07o 

3,990,000 



8, 668, 000 

93. 6% 

100.0% 

1,200,000 

84.8% 

100.0% 

1,692,000 

69.9% 

100.0% 

11,460,000 



853,000 
100.0% 
82,000 
90. 9% 
100.0% 
165, 000 
79. 8% 
100.0% 
1,099,000 



VERMONT 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 
Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total .-- -- 

Rural - -.- 

Area actually reporting 

Statetotal 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



None 
231,000 

79. 9% 
100.0% 
227,000 
100.0% 
468,000 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



1,370 

3,113 
3,370 

1,788 

3,027 

7,767 

1,159.3 



61, 332 
61, 965 

6,318 

8,792 

2,538 

11,450 

82,207 

2,060.3 



266, 637 
276, 620 

14, 755 
17, 403 

9,648 

16, 103 

309, 126 

2, 697. 4 



26, 072 

1,011 
1,110 

1,286 

1,611 

27,793 

2, 628. 9 



2,890 
3,617 

2,841 

6,468 

1, 410. 



Violent ' 
crime 



Prop- 
erty' 
crime 



203 
219 

215 

364 

644 

96.1 



8,624 
8,608 

964 
1,328 

673 
2,584 
12,520 
313.8 



36,863 
37, 986 

1,680 
1,981 

1,616 

2,697 

42,664 

372.3 



1,607 

72 
78 

83 

104 

1,689 

163.7 



179 

224 

109 
333 

72.7 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



1,309 

2,910 
3,161 

1,673 

2.663 

7,123 

1,063.1 



62,808 
63,367 

5,364 

7,464 

1,965 

8,866 

69,687 

1, 746. 6 



229, 774 
237,634 

13, 075 
16,422 

8,033 
13,406 
266,462 
2, 325. 1 



23,565 

939 
1,032 

1,203 

1.607 

26, 104 

2, 376. 3 



2,711 
3,393 

2,732 

6,125 

1,337.3 



Forci- 
ble 
rape 



1 
1 

4 

7 

8 

1.2 



273 

277 

37 
62 

37 
167 
496 
12.4 



1,124 
1,167 

63 
74 

82 

137 

1,378 

12.0 



29 



1 

1 

30 

2.7 



1 
1 

4 

S 

1.1 



Robbery 



20 

16 
17 

17 
29 
66 
9.9 



547 
656 

« 

67 

24 
108 
721 
18.1 



2,267 
2,369 

66 

78 

168 

281 

2,728 

23.8 



143 

6 
5 

10 

13 

161 

14.6 



12 
16 

37 
52 

11.4 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



39 
122 

18.2 



2,963 
2,976 

142 
198 

62 

279 

3.452 

86.5 



13, 227 
13,415 

236 

278 

170 

284 

13,977 

122.0 



Burglary 



132 
143 

171 
289 
448 
66.9 



4,741 
4,800 

734 
1,021 

460 
2.030 
7,851 

196.8 



20,245 
21,035 

1,316 
1,561 

1,196 

1,996 

24,581 

214.6 



684 



7 


65 


9 


81 


665 


833 


60.6 


75.8 


18 


148 


23 


186 


22 


46 


45 


231 


9.8 


60.4 



Larceny 

$50 and 

over 



504 

1,170 
1,287 

748 
1,266 
3,037 
453.3 



26,627 
26,952 

2,666 
3,657 

1,209 

6,465 

35,964 

901.4 



115,382 
119, 270 

6,946 
8,193 

4,307 

7,188 

134,651 

1,176.0 



8,815 

466 
500 

589 

738 

10,053 

914.7 



1,133 
1,418 

1,907 
3,325 

726.0 



Auto 

theft 



716 

1,483 
1,606 

713 
1,207 
3,528 

626.6 



16, 277 
16, 413 

2,115 
2,943 

600 

2,256 

21,612 

541.7 



74, 677 
77,963 

6,220 
6,167 

3,237 

5,402 

89,522 

781.2 



11,290 



414 
456 



12,443 

1, 132. 2 



1,208 
1,612 

661 
2,163 

472.3 



90 

267 
278 

112 

190 

658 

83.3 



9,904 
9,992 



964 

266 
1,166 
12,111 
303. S 



39, 716 
40,401 

909 
1,072 

489 

816 

42,289 

369.0 



3,460 

70 
77 

67 

71 

3,608 

328.3 



370 
463 

174 

637 

139.1 



76 



Table 4. — Index of Crime by Sfate, 1971 — Continued 



Area 



VIRGINIA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting -.. 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Sute total. 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 



WASHINGTON 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area.. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



WEST VIRGINIA 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Slate total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 



WISCONSIN 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Other cities.. 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

sute total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



WYOMING 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area. 
Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



Population 



2, 894, OOO 
99.8% 
100.0% 
417,000 
97.6% 
100. 0% 
1, 403, 000 
96.3% 
100.0% 
4,714,000 



2,608,000 
99.1% 
100.0% 
403,000 
97. 2% 
100. 0% 
639,000 
97. 2% 
100. 0% 
3,449,000 



PUERTO RICO 

Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area... 

Area actually reporting 

Other areas 

Area actually reporting 

Stale total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 



637,000 

96. 1% 

100.0% 

268,000 

63.9% 

100. 0% 

847,000 

100.0% 

1,762,000 



2,677,000 
99.9% 
100.0% 
772, 000 
98. 8% 
100.0% 
1, 128, 000 
100.0% 
4,476,000 



None 
197,000 

93.9% 
100.0% 
143,000 
100.0% 
340,000 



1, 214, 000 
100. 0% 

1,661,000 
100. 0% 

2,765,000 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



86, 661 
86, 722 

6,748 
6,916 

6,239 

6,643 

100, 180 

2, 126. 2 



87, 311 
88,036 

9,962 
10,240 

9,248 

9,618 

107,793 

3, 126. 3 



10, 369 
10, 799 

1,746 
2,729 

4,162 

17,680 

1,009.1 



66, 978 
67, 032 



9,982 

11,394 
78,408 
1,761.7 



3,886 
4,139 

1,659 

5,798 

1, 706. 3 



40,414 

22,080 
62.494 
2, 260. 6 



Violent ' 
crime 



10,864 
10,876 

964 

977 

1,317 

1,381 

13,233 

280.7 



6,873 
6,928 

636 
661 

667 

676 

8,155 

236.4 



1,214 
1,243 

178 
278 

790 
2,311 

131.9 



3,223 
3,223 



393 

341 
3,957 

88.4 



296 
316 

217 

532 

156.6 



7,890 

7,344 
15,234 
661.0 



Prop- 
erty 3 
crime 



76, 697 
76,847 

5,794 
6,938 

4,922 

6,162 

86,947 

1,844.4 



80,438 
81, 107 

9,417 
9,689 

8,691 

8,842 

99,638 

2,888.9 



9,166 
9,666 

1,667 
2,461 

3,362 
15,369 

877.2 



63, 756 
63,809 

9,477 



11,053 
74,461 
1,663.3 



3,691 
3,824 

1,442 

5,266 

1, 648. 8 



32,524 

14, 736 
47,260 
1, 709. 6 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



266 
266 

37 
38 

87 

91 

385 

8.2 



106 
106 

10 
10 

14 

14 

130 

3.8 



68 
113 
6.4 



95 
95 

12 
12 

19 
126 
2.8 



7 
7 

11 

18 

5.3 



133 

111 
244 

8.8 



Forci- 
ble 
rape 



761 
763 

40 
41 

97 
102 
906 
19.2 



476 
479 

53 
56 

76 

78 

612 

17.7 



34 

7 
11 

42 
87 
5.0 



266 
266 

25 
25 

60 
341 
7.6 



252 

272 
524 
19.0 



Robbery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



4,621 
4,629 

182 
186 

129 

135 

4,850 

102.9 



3,045 
3,069 

97 
100 

68 

60 

3,219 

93.3 



468 
476 

41 

64 

81 

620 

36.4 



1,262 
1,262 



90 

69 
1,411 

31.6 



40 
43 

26 

68 

20.0 



2,270 

621 
2,791 
101.0 



6,316 
5,327 



712 

1,004 
1,053 
7,092 
160.4 



3,247 
3,284 



375 



609 

524 

4,194 

121.8 



666 
686 

126 
197 

609 
1,491 

85.1 



1,600 
1,600 



213 

2,079 

46.4 



239 
265 

144 

399 

117. 4 



6,235 

6,440 
11,675 
422.3 



Burglary 



Larceny 

$50 ana 
over 



32,930 
32,984 

2,650 
2,613 

2,489 

2,610 

38,207 

810.6 



39,649 
39,929 

3,666 
3,669 

4,314 

4,440 

48,038 

1,392.8 



3,806 
4,005 

626 
979 

1,808 
6,792 
387.7 



17, 891 
17, 911 

3,730 
3,774 

6,487 
28,172 

629.4 



1,391 
1,481 



612 



16.2 



16,906 

9,094 

26,000 

940.6 



30,467 
30,532 

2,534 
2,597 

1,663 

1,744 

34,873 

739.8 



30,661 
30,977 

4,839 
4,979 

3,663 

3,770 

39,726 

1, 161. 8 



4,204 
4,363 

767 
1,184 

1,098 
6,635 

378.7 



26, 417 
20,446 

4,971 
6,030 

4,032 

35,508 

793.3 



1,791 
1,907 

748 
2,655 
780.9 



9,602 

2,978 
12,480 
451.4 



Auto 

thoft 



12,310 
12,331 

710 

728 

770 

808 

13,867 

294.2 



10, 128 
10,201 

1,012 
1,041 

614 

632 

11,874 

344.3 



1,146 
1,198 

184 

288 

466 
1,942 
110.8 



9,447 
9,462 

776 
786 

634 
10,771 
240.6 



182 

618 

181.8 



6,116 

2,664 
8,780 
317.6 



' Violent crime Is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 

2 Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny $50 and over and auto theft. 

For standard metropolitan statistical areas in this table the percentage actually reporting may not coincide with the ratio between reported and estimated 
crime totals since these data represent the sum of such calculations for individual areas varying in size, portions reporting and crime rates. 

Population by area for each state is 1971 estimate; total population for each state is Bureau of the Census provisional estimate as of July 1, 1971, and subject 
to change. 

77 



Table 5.— Index of Crime, 1971, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Population 



Abilene, Tex 

(Includes Taylor and Jones Counties.) 

Area actually reporting - 

Rate perlOO.OOO inhabitants 

Akron, Ohio 

(Includes Summit and PortageCounties.) 

Area actually reporting. - - 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants.- 

Albany-Schcnectady-Troy, N. Y 

(Includes Albany, Rensselaer, Saratoga 
and Schenectady Counties.) 

Area actually reporting - - 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Albuquerque, N. Mei 

(Includes Bernalillo County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Allentown.Bethlehem-EaBton,Pa.-N.J — 
(Includes Lehigh and Northampton 
Counties, Pa., and Warren County, 
N.J.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Altoona, Pa 

(Includes Blair County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

AnuiriUo, Tex 

(Includes Potter and Randall Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Anaheim-Santa Ana-Garden Grove, Calif. 
(Includes Orange County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Anderson, Ind 

(Includes Madison County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Bate per 100,000 inhabitants — 

Ann Arbor, Mich 

(Includes Washtenaw County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants... -. 

Appleton-Oshkosh, Wis 

(Includes Calumet, Outagamie and 
Winnebago Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

AsheviUe, N.C 

(Includes Buncombe County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Atlanta, Ga 

(Includes Clayton, Cobb, De Kalb, 
Fulton and Gwinnett Counties.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants - . 

Atlantic City, N.J 

(Includes Atlantic County.) 

Area actually reporting -■ 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants — . 

See footnotes at end of table. 



118,000 

100. 0% 



686,000 

97. 1% 
100. 0% 



736,000 

100. 0% 
318,000 
100. 0% 
543,000 



94.9% 
100. 0% 



139,000 

93. 6% 
100. 0% 



148.000 

100. 0% 



1, 489, 000 

100.0% 



142,000 

88.2% 
100.0% 



238,000 
100.0% 
281,000 

100.0% 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



147,000 

100.0% 
1,455,000 



98. 1% 
100.0% 



Violent 
crime ' 



2,054 
1, 733. 5 



21, 148 

21,507 

3, 134. 5 



12,396 
1, 684. 9 



18, 875 
5, 926. 6 



9,317 
9,801 
1, 805. 6 



1,587 

1,742 

1,267.5 



4,494 
3, 043. 3 



58,639 
3, 930. 3 



2,123 

2,612 

1, 771. 1 



12,661 
6. 316. 9 



3,751 
1,336.4 



2,908 
1,979.8 



53,292 
54,015 
3, 711. 4 



Prop- 
erty 
crime 2 



178,000 

100.0% 



4, 814. 5 



174 
146.9 



2,062 
2,091 
304.7 



965 
131.2 



2,035 
639.0 



733 

773 

142.4 



87 

100 

72.2 



363 

245.8 



3,504 
236.3 



207 

230 

162.2 



1,044 
438.3 



180 
64.1 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 
man- 
slaughter 



1, 586. 7 



19, 086 

19, 416 

2, 829. 7 



11, 431 

1, 553. 7 



16, 840 

5, 287. 6 



8,584 

9,028 

1, 663. 1 



1,500 

1,642 

1, 185. 3 



4,131 
2, 797. 6 



55,036 
3, 695. 1 



1,916 

2,282 

1, 608. 9 



11,617 
4, 877. 5 



3,671 
1, 272. 3 



175 2. 733 

119. 1 1, 860. 6 



6,705 
6,795 
466.9 



766 
429.4 



46,587 

47,220 

3, 244. 5 



7, 823 
4,385.1 1 



9 
7.6 



48 
49 
7.1 



15 
2.0 



40 
12.6 



13 

14 
2.6 



17 
11.6 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



37 

2.6 



7 

7 

4.9 



14 

6.9 



3 
1.1 



11 

7.5 



307 
310 
21.3 



17 
9.5 



Robbery 



18 
15.2 



169 

171 

24.9 



48 
6.5 



143 

44.9 



41 
43 

7.9 



11 
12 

8.7 



21 
14 2 



402 
27.0 



24 

26 

18.3 



80 
33.6 



16 

5.7 



20 



416 

419 

28.8 



25 
14.0 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



41 
34.6 



987 



145.4 



466 
63.3 



735 
230.8 



285 
303 
56.8 



25 

31 

22.4 



122 
82.6 



1,364 
91.6 



50 

58 

40.9 



430 
180.5 



16 
5.7 



2,828 
2,845 
195 5 



554 
310.6 



106 
89.5 



858 

873 

127.2 



Burglary 



436 
59.3 



1,117 
350.7 



394 
413 
76.1 



50 

56 

40.4 



203 
137.5 



1,701 
114.2 



126 

139 

98.0 



520 
218.3 



928 
783.2 



7,205 

7,328 

1, 068. 



5,699 
774.6 



7,432 
2,333.6 



3,964 

4,158 
766.0 



146 
51.7 



68.6 



3,154 
3,221 
221.3 



170 
96.3 



Larceny Auto 
$50 and theft 
over 



993 
1,065 
761.6 



1,770 
1, 198. 6 



25,689 
1, 718. 1 



792 

926 

652.9 



5,960 
2, 502. 4 



1,706 
607.8 



671.3 



24,295 
24, 579 
1, 688. 8 



3,425 
1,919.9 



827 
698.0 



7,433 

7,570 

1, 103. 3 



488.8 



6,952 
2, 182. 9 



3,618 
3,783 
696.9 



339 

392 
283.0 



1,914 
1, 296. 2 



24,136 
1, 620. 5 



941 
1,113 

784.7 



4,590 
1, 927. 2 



1,609 
573.3 



1,316 
895.9 



14, 713 
14,950 
1, 027. 2 



3,248 
1, 820. 6 



125 
105.5 



4,448 
4,518 
658.5 



2,136 
290.3 



2,466 
771.2 



1,002 
1,087 
200.2 



168 

196 

140.8 



447 
302.7 



5,310 
356.5 



183 

243 

171.3 



1,067 
448.0 



256 
91.2 



431 

293.4 



7,579 
7,691 
528.4 



1,160 
644.6 



78 



Table 5. — Index of Crime, 1971, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas — Continued 



standard Metropolitan Statistical Area Population 



Augusta, Ga.-S.C , 

(Includes Richmond County, Qa., and 
Aiken County, S.C.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants , 

Austin, Tex - 

(Includes Travis County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Bsketeficld, CBlif.--- 

(Includes Kern County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 hihabltants 

Baltimore, Md _ 

(Includes Baltimore City and Anne 
Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, How- 
ard and Harford Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Baton Rouge, ta -. 

(Includes East Baton Rouge Parish.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants _ 

Battle Creek, Mich 

(Includes Calhoun County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 hihabltants 

Bay City, Mich 

(Includes Bay County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Beanmont-Port Arthur, Tex , 

(Includes Jefferson and Orange Coun- 
ties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 hihabitants 

Biloxi-Gulf port. Miss 

(Includes Harrison County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Binghamton, N.Y.-Pa 

(Includes Broome and Tioga Counties, 
N.Y. and Susquehanna County, Pa.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Birminghani, Ala _ 

(Includes Jefferson, Shelby and Walker 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Bloomington-Normal, III 

(Includes McLean County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Boise, Idaho 

(Includes Ada County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Boston-Lowell-Lawrence, Mass 

(Includes Essex, Middlesex, Norfolk 
and Suffolk Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



2SS,0W 



100.0% 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



303,000 
100.0% 
334,000 
100.0% 
2,092,000 

100.0% 



287,000 
100.0% 



143,000 

100.0% 



119,000 
100.0% 
319,000 



92.3% 
100.0% 



136,000 
100.0% 
306,000 



99.2% 
100.0% 



746,000 

90.2% 
100.0% 

105, 000 

100.0% 



113,000 

100. 0% 

3,402,000 



96.7% 
100.0% 



6,399 
2,092.2 



10,673 
3, 496. 



13,609 
4,018.6 



87,378 
4, 177. 6 



12,884 
4,484.0 



4,661 
3, 262. 8 



2,992 
2, 613. 2 



8,196 

8,727 

2, 739. 9 



1,793 
1, 324. 6 



3,910 

3,960 

1,292.7 



19,729 
20, 713 
2, 774. 8 



1,621 
1,541.3 



2,868 
2, 519. 1 



118,615 
121, 658 
3, 676. 7 



Violent 1 
crime ' 



861 
333.6 



2,041 
674.7 



1,091 
327.0 



19,437 
929.3 



1,T72 
616.7 



661 
386.4 



266 
214.2 



1,440 
1,486 
466.6 



267 
197.3 



151 

167 

51.4 



2,789 
2,912 
390.1 



141 
134.1 



228 
201.0 



10, 902 
11,056 
324.9 



Prop- 
erty ' 
crime 



4,638 
1, 768. 6 



8,632 
2,820.3 



12, 418 
3, 721. 6 



67,941 
3,248.2 



11, 112 
3, 867. 3 



4,100 
2,867.6 



2,737 
2,299.0 



6,766 

7,241 

2, 273. 3 



1,626 
1, 127. 4 



3,756 

3,793 

1,241.4 



16,940 

17,801 

2,384.7 



1,480 
1, 407. 2 



2,630 
2,318.1 



107, 713 
110,602 
3, 250. 7 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



47 
18.2 



29 



31 

9.3 



361 
17.3 



34 
11.8 



8 
6.6 



6 

4.2 



40 

41 

12.9 



27 
19.9 



3 

3 

1.0 



101 
106 
14.2 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



6 
5.3 



163 
164 
4.8 



26.6 



79 
26.1 



76 
22.8 



716 
34.2 



109 
37.9 



49 
34.3 



19 
l&O 



47 

60 

16.7 



12 
8.9 



18 

18 

5.9 



152 

161 

21.6 



10 
9.5 



26 
22.9 



427 
435 
12.8 



Robbery 



264 
98.4 



131.2 



423 
126.8 



10,401 
497.3 



136.8 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



110 

92.4 



426 

434 

136.3 



117 
86.4 



51 

52 
17.0 



627 

651 

87.2 



55 
52.3 



40 
35.3 



6,289 
6,343 
186.4 



494 
191.4 



1,536 
607.7 



662 
168.4 



7,960 



1,236 
430.2 



174 320 

121. 7 223. 8 



121 
10L6 



928 

961 

301.7 



111 
82.0 



82 

84 

27.5 



1,909 
1,994 
267.1 



74 

70.4 



166 
137.5 



4,023 
4,114 
120.9 



Burglary 



2,425 
939.7 



6,232 
1, 729. 6 



6,963 
1,784.1 



29,686 
1,414.6 



6,627 
1,923.6 



2,118 
1,481.3 



1,276 
1, 071. 8 



3,716 

3,907 

1,226.6 



651 
480.9 



1,975 
1,991 
651.6 



7,092 

7,523 

1,007.8 



703 

168.4 



1,093 
963.4 



41, 412 
42,627 
1,252.9 



Larceny 

$80 and 

over 



1,620 
889.0 



2,162 
714.7 



6,169 
1,640.1 



24,966 
1, 193. 6 



3,716 
1, 293. 3 



1,726 
1,206.4 



1,248 
1,048.3 



2,602 
2,739 
869.9 



667 
486.4 



1,336 
1,350 
441.8 



6,415 
6,763 
906.0 



632 
600.9 



1,261 
1,102.6 



28,920 

29,871 

877.9 



Auto 
theft 



229.8 



1,138 
376.2 



1,306 
391.4 



13,390 
640.2 



1,869 
660.6 



267 
179.7 



213 
178.9 



696 
186.8 



218 
161.1 



446 

452 

147.9 



3,433 
3,516 
470.9 



146 
137.9 



252.1 



37,381 
38,104 
1,119.9 



See footnotes at end of table. 



79 



ToW« 5. — Imi^x of Crim; 1971, Standard Mttn^litan SttrtisHcol Anas — ConHnu«d 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Bridcepcrt-BBBbniT-NerinUi-SiMnford, 
Conn - 

(Includes Fairfield County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Brockton, M«a9 

(Includes Plymouth County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total - 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

BrownSTiDe-HarDngen-San Benito, Tex. 
(Includes Cameron County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants.. 

Buffalo, N.Y... 

(Includes Erie and Niagara Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Canton, Ohio. 

(Includes Stark County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa 

(Includes Linn County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Cliampaign-Urbana, III.. 

(Includes Champaign County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Charleston, S.C 

(Includes Charleston and Berkeley 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Charleston, W. Va 

(Includes Kanawha County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total... 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Charlotte, N.C 

(Includes Mecklenburg and Union 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total. .-- 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ga 

(Includes Hamilton County, Tenn., 
and Walker County. Ga.) 

Area actually reporting .-- 

Estimated total. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Chicago, ni .- 

(Includes Cook, Du Page, Kane, Lake, 
McHemy and Will Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total. • 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Cincinnati, Ohio-Ky.-Ind 

(Includes Hamilton, Clermont and 
Warren Counties, Ohio, and Camp- 
bell, Kenton and Boone Counties, 
Ky., and Dearborn County, Ind.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Population 



809, 0«« 
100. 0% 



341,000 

91.2% 
100.0% 



141, om 

100.0% 



i,3«8,ooe 

100.0% 



376,000 

100. 0% 



163,000 
100. 0% 



163,000 

100. 0% 
309,000 



99. 1% 
100. 0% 



90.6% 
100.0% 



421,000 



99.3% 
100.0% 



306,000 



86. 7% 
100.0% 



7,050,000 



95.6% 
100.0% 



1,398,000 



96.8% 
100.0% 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



Violent ' 
crime 



27, 176 
3,361.0 



8,723 

9,531 

2,794.7 



2,670 
1,896.0 



36,987 
2, 703. 2 



8,063 
2, 142. 8 



2,463 
1, 510. 6 



3,861 
2,368.5 



9,373 

9,461 

3, 062. 6 



4,687 

4,888 

2, 142. 



14, 369 

14,483 

3, 441. 7 



7,479 

8,433 

2, 754. 7 



198, 146 
203, 853 
2, 891. 4 



38, 106 

38, 956 

2, 787. 4 



1,651 
204.2 



616 

666 

163.0 



276 
196.0 



4,446 
324.9 



878 
233.3 



77 
47.2 



669 
342.4 



1,282 
1,294 
418.9 



544 

666 

247.6 



2,409 
2,434 

578.4 



760 
843 

276.4 



46,264 

46,837 

660.1 



4,090 
4,164 
297.2 



Prop- 
erty ' 
crime 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



26,626 
3, 156. 9 



8,207 

8,975 

2, 631. 7 



2,394 
1, 700. 



32,642 
2, 378. 3 



7,185 
1, 909. 4 



2,386 
1, 463. 4 



3,292 
2, 016. 2 



8,091 

8,167 

2,643.6 



4,043 

4,323 

1, 894. 4 



11, 960 

12,049 

2, 863. 3 



6,719 

7,590 

2, 479. 3 



162, 882 
168, 016 
2, 241. 3 



34, 015 
34, 801 
2, 490. 2 



27 
3.3 



6 

5 

1.5 



4 

2.8 



20 
5.3 



6 
3.1 



6 
3.1 



44 

44 

14.2 



24 

25 

11.0 



73 

74 
17.6 



62 

56 

18.0 



914 
923 



Forc- 
ible 

rape 



116 

117 
8.4 



64 

7.9 



60 

62 

16.2 



13 

9.2 



184 
13.4 



46 
12.2 



14 

8.6 



29 
17.8 



Robbery 



95 



31.1 



15 
16 

7.0 



136 

136 

32.3 



44 

63 

17 3 



1,896 
1,934 



13. 1 27. 4 



272 
19.5 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



932 
116.3 



lie 

129 
37.8 



14 

9.9 



2,716 
198.4 



636 
142.4 



36 
22.1 



178 
109.0 



489 

491 

168.9 



212 

217 

95.1 



669 

662 

167.3 



403 

431 

140.8 



26, 170 
26, 339 
373.6 



2,292 
2.317 
165.8 



628 

77.7 



346 

370 

108.5 



246 
174.0 



1,458 
106.6 



276 
73.3 



22 
13.5 



347 
212.5 



654 

663 

214.6 



293 

307 

134.6 



1,642 
1,562 
371.2 



Burglary 



Larceny 

$50 and 

over 



Auto 

theft 



261 

304 

99.3 



16,284 
16,641 
236.0 



1,414 
1,448 
103.6 



10,943 
1,363.4 



4,233 

4,566 

1, 335. 9 



1,298 
921.7 



13,002 
960.2 



2,892 
768.6 



904 
654.4 



1,784 
1, 092. 6 



4,060 

4,098 

1, 326. 5 



1,514 
1,663 
724.4 



6,478 

6,519 

1, 649. 1 



3,651 

3,994 
1, 304. 7 



62, 761 

64, 977 

92L6 



16, 362 
16, 654 
1,191.7 



8,621 
1,066.2 



2,371 
2,624 
769.4 



813 
577.3 



12,734 
930.7 



3,112 
827.0 



1,087 
666.7 



1,244 

761.9 



2.804 
2,833 
917.0 



2,036 
2,140 
937.8 



4,172 

4,211 

1, 000. 7 



1,403 
1,698 
554.7 



44,984 
47, 180 
669.2 



12, 421 
12, 757 
912.8 



6,961 
737.2 



1,603 
1,795 
526.3 



283 
201.0 



6,806 
497.4 



1,181 
313.9 



395 
242.3 



264 
161.7 



1,227 
1,236 
400.1 



493 

630 

232.3 



1,310 
1,319 
313.4 



1,765 
1,898 
620.0 



46, 137 
45, 869 
650.5 



5,232 
5,390 
385.7 



80 



Tabic 5.— Index of Crime, 1971, Standard Mefropolitan Statistical >4fcos— Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Cleveland. Ohio 

(Includes Cuyahoga, Lake, Geauga and 
Medina Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total.-. _. 

Rate per 100,000 inliabitants 

Colorado Springs, Colo 

(Includes El Paso County.) 

Area actually reporting _ 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Columbia. S.C 

(Includes Lexington and Richland 
counties.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total.. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Columbus. Ga.-Ala. 

(Includes Chattahoochee and Muscogee 
Counties, Ga., and Russell County, 
Ala.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Columbus. Ohio 

(Includes Franklin, Delaware and 
Pickaway Counties.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Corpus Christi. Tex 

(Includes Nueces and San Patricio 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants. 

Dallas, Tex 

(Includes Collin, Dallas, Denton, Ellis, 
Kaufman and Rockwall Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Davenport- Rock Island-Moline. Iowa-Ill. . 
(Includes Scott County, Iowa, and Rock 
Island and Henry Counties, 111.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Dayton, Ohio 

Includes Greene, Miami, Montgomery 
and Preble Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total... _ 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Daytona Beach, Fla 

(Includes Volusia County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Decatur, ni 

(Includes Macon County.) 

Area actually reportiag 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Denver. Colo 

(Includes Adams, Arapahoe, Boulder, 
Denver and Jefferson Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Dee Moines. Iowa 

(Includes Polk County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



Population 



2,078,000 



96. 5% 
100. 0% 



250,000 

100.0% 
333, 000 



97. 6% 
100.0% 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



238,000 



100.0% 



929, 000 



99. 7% 
100.0% 



291,000 



98. 8% 
100.0% 



1, 672,000 



94. 3% 
100.0% 



364,000 



93. 8% 
100.0% 



859,000 



99.0% 
100.0% 



176,000 

100.0% 



124,000 

100.0% 

1,268,000 



92.2% 
100.0% 



291,000 

100.0% 



66, 418 

66, 713 

3, 210. 4 



7,894 
3, 160. 6 



10, 917 

11,187 

3,363.6 



4,726 
1, 989. 3 



33, 471 

33, 626 

3, 607. 6 



11,099 

11, 176 

3, 839. 3 



68,602 

69,882 

3, 808. 9 



8,006 

8,474 

2, 329. 2 



22, 871 

23,017 

2,680.5 



7,629 
4,340.0 



2,627 
2.037.9 



68, 767 

62,113 

4, 899. 9 



8.013 
2, 763. 6 



Violent 1 
crime 



10. 165 
10, 259 
493.7 



609 
243.8 



1,603 
1,639 
492.8 



621 
219.3 



3,606 
3,609 
388.3 



1,374 
1,380 
474.1 



9,947 
10, 131 
644.4 



1,099 
1,122 
308.4 



3.664 
3,676 
428.1 



907 
616.0 



322 
269.7 



6,294 
6,626 
614.8 



696 
239.2 I 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



66,263 

56,454 

2, 716. 7 



7,285 
2, 916. 8 



9,314 

9,648 

2, 870 8 



4,205 
1, 770. 



29. 866 

29, 917 

3, 219. 2 



9,725 
9,795 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



306 
308 
14.8 



11 
4.4 



56 

67 

17.1 



31 
13.0 



3,365.2 


16.1 


48,656 


236 


49, 761 


244 


3, 164. 5 


16.6 


6,907 


10 


7,352 


U 


2,020.8 


3.0 


19,207 


111 


19,341 


111 


2, 262 4 


12.9 


6,722 


26 


3,824.0 


14.8 


2,205 


6 


1,778.2 


4.8 


62,473 


109 


65,587 


112 


4,386.1 


8.8 


7,317 


13 


2,514.4 


4.6 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



509 

516 

24.8 



105 
42.0 



72 

74 

22.2 



32 
13.5 



316 
316 
34.0 



72 

72 

24.7 



Robbery 



6,599 
6,640 
319.6 



216 
86.5 



376 

383 

116.2 



224 
94.3 



2,032 
2.034 
218.9 



282 

283 

97.2 



656 


3,041 


673 


3,070 


42.8 


196.3 


50 


279 


62 


287 


14.3 


78.9 


169 


2,087 


170 


2,092 


19.8 


243.6 


64 


289 


36.4 


164.4 


14 


106 


11.3 


86.6 


623 


2,619 


644 


2,693 


60.8 


212.4 


72 


386 


24.7 


132.3 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



2,741 
2,796 
134.6 



277 
110.9 



1,099 
1,125 
338.3 



234 

98.5 



1,176 
1,177 
126.7 



973 

978 

336.0 



6,015 
6,144 
390.8 



760 

772 

212.2 



1,297 
1,303 
151.7 



628 
300.4 



196 
168.1 



2,943 
3,077 
242.7 



226 
77.7 



Burglary 



18, 332 

18, 777 
903.6 



2,900 
1, 161. 1 



4.761 

4,868 

1,463.7 



2,060 
867.1 



12,988 

13,007 

1,399.6 



4,643 

4,671 

1,604.8 



22.742 
23,341 
1,484.6 



3,244 
3,387 
931.0 



9,906 

9,965 

1, 169. 4 



3,711 
2, 111. 1 



1,161 
936.3 



23,079 
24,235 
1,911.8 



2,318 
796.6 



Larceny 

$50 and 

over 



11,646 
12, 039 
579.4 



3,490 
1, 397. 3 



3,643 

3,631 

1,091.7 



1,378 
680.0 



10,906 

10, 927 

1, 176. 8 



3,861 

3,896 

1,338.2 



17,719 

18, 137 

1, 153. 6 



2,910 
3,144 

864.2 



6,441 
6,497 
766.6 



2,331 
1, 326. 1 



813 
666.6 



19,386 
20,865 
1, 646. 2 



4,116 
1, 414. 4 



Auto 
theft 



See footnotes at end of table. 



81 



Table 5.— Index of Crime, 1971, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas — Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Population 



Detroit, Mich - 

(Includes Macomb, Oakland and Wayne 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Ouluth-Superior, Minn.-Wis 

(Includes St. Louis County, Minn., and 
Douglas ICounty, Wis.) 

Area actualy reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Durham, N.C - 

(Includes Durham and Orange Coun- 
ties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Elmira.N.Y 

(Includes Chemung County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

El Paso, Tex 

(Includes El Paso County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Erie, Pa 

(Includes Erie County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total - 

Rate per 100,000 uihabitants 

Eugene-Springfield, Greg 

(Includes Lane County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100.000 Inhabitants 

EransTilU, Ind.-Ky 

(Includes Vanderburgh and Warwick 
Counties, Ind., and Henderson 
County, Ky.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total - 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Fall River-New Bedford, Mass 

(Includes Bristol County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total - 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants - - 

Fargo- Moorhead, N. Dak.-Minn 

(Includes Cass County, N. Dak., and 
Clay County, Minn.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Fayetterille, N.C 

(Includes Cumberland County.) 

Area actually reporting - 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

FUnt, Mich - 

(Includes Genesee and Lapeer CouU' 
ties.) 

Area actually reporting _ 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Fort Laoderdale-Hollywood, Fla 

(Includes Broward County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate rer 100,000 inhabitants 

Fort Mycre, Fla - - 

(Includes Lee County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



4,250,000 



100.0% 



268,000 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



224,029 
5, 271. 3 



Violent, • 
crime 



100. 0% 6, 682 

2, 082. 9 



195,000 

98.2% 
100.0% 

100,000 

100.0% 



365,000 

100.0% 



262,000 

98. 5% 
100.0% 



224,000 

100.0% 
236,000 



97. 6% 
100.0% 



450,000 



95.3% 
100.0% 



118,000 



100.0% 



220,000 

100.0% 
505,000 

100.0% 



656,000 

100.0% 



114,000 

100.0% 



6,940 

6,074 

3,118.8 



1,378 
1,372.5 



13, 671 
3,742.6 



4,711 

4,778 

1, 822. 1 



7,346 
3,273.6 



6,726 

6,857 

2,902.1 



18,166 

18,737 

4,163.1 



2,281 
1,934.6 



6,169 
2,360.3 



17,355 
3,436.7 



32,002 
4,881.1 



3,697 
3,244.4 



Prop- 
erty I 
crime 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



37,742 
888.0 



187 
69.8 



1,013 
1,043 
535.5 



114 
113.5 



1,148 
314.3 



617 

622 

199.1 



386 
172.0 



1,066 
1,074 



186,287 
4,38X2 



6,395 

2,oiai 



4,927 

6,031 

2,683,2 



1,264 
1,259.0 



12,62 
3,428.2 



4,194 

4,266 

1,623.0 



6.960 
3,101.5 



6,660 
6,783 
451.5 2,447.5 



868 

887 

197.1 



66 
66.0 



762 
346.6 



2,686 
631.9 



3,302 
603.6 



Z76 
242.2 



17,308 

17,860 

3,966.1 



2,216 
1,878.5 



4,407 
2,003.8 



14,669 

2,904,8 



28,700 
4, 377. 4 



3,421 
3,002.2 



693 
16.3 



8 
3.0 



28 

29 

14.9 



2 
2.0 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



Robbery 



1,347 
31.7 



27 
10.1 



66 

67 

29.3 



12 
12 
4.6 



6 

2.7 



12 
12 
5.1 



26 
11.8 



49 

9.7 



9.9 



13 
11.4 



25,726 
606.3 



48 
17.9 



8.0 



17 87 

4.7 23.8 



33 

33 

12.6 



48 
21.4 



63 

64 

27.1 



8 62 

8 54 

1.8 12.0 



3 
2.5 



31 
14.1 



65 182 



27.8 



14 
12.3 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



26 
24.9 



417 
114.2 



296 

298 

113.6 



119 
63.0 



359 

369 

82.0 



17 
14.4 



201 
91.4 



146 744 

28. 9 147. 3 



1,446 
220.6 



83 

72.8 



Burglary 



9,976 87,643 
234. 7 2, 062. 2 



104 
38.8 



Larceny 

$60 and 

over 



Auto 
theft 



63, 566 35, 078 
1, 495. 7 825. 4 



2,392 
892.6 



79 

78.7 



627 
171.6 



176 

179 

68.3 



213 

94.9 



2,166 
807.9 



156 773 1,998 2,593 

160 797 2,046 2,639 

82.2 409.2 1,060.5 1,366.0 



281 710 

284 714 

120.2 302.2 



439 

456 

101.3 



604 
229.2 



1,747 
346.9 



1,609 
246.4 



166 

146.7 



469 
467.2 



7,933 
2, 171. 7 



2,092 
2,119 
808.1 



3,063 
1, 360. 6 



2,490 

2,536 

1,072.9 



8,164 

8,392 

1,864.6 



767 
650.6 



1,714 
779.3 



6,449 
1, 277. 



13,091 
1, 996. 7 



1,619 
1,420.8 



743 
740.0 



838 
312.7 



336 

346 

177.7 



62 
6L8 



2, 396 2, 194 
665. 9 600. 6 



1,617 
1,640 
687.3 



1, 614. 7 



2,350 

2,408 

1, 019. 1 



4,990 

6,168 

1, 148. 3 



1,217 
1,032.1 



2,176 
989.4 



6,286 
1,244.8 



11, 696 
1,768.6 



1,631 
1, 343. 6 



685 

697 

227.7 



508 
226.4 



820 

840 

365.5 



4,164 
4,290 
963.2 



231 
195.9 



517 
236.1 



1,934 
383.0 



4,014 
612.2 



271 
237.8 



82 



Tabic 5.— Index of Crime, 1971, Standard Metropolifan Statistical Areas — Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Fort Smith, Ark.-Okla.. 

(Includes Sebastian and Crawford 
Counties, Ark., and Leflore and 
Sequoyah Counties, Okla.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Fort Wayne, Ind 

(Includes Allen Coimty.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Fort Worth, Tei. 

(Includes Johnson and Tarrant Coun- 
ties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Fresno, Calif 

(Includes Fresno County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Gainesrille, Fla 

(Includes Alachua County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Galveston-Texas Qty, Ten 

(Includes Galveston County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Gary-Hammond-East Chicago, Ind 

(Includes Lake and Porter Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Gastonia, N.C 

(Includes Gaston County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Grand Rapids, Mich 

(Includes Kent and Ottawa Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants. 

Green Bay, Wis 

(Includes Brown County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants,. _ 

Greensboro-High Point, N.C. 

(Includes Guilford, Forsyth, Randolph 
and Yadkin Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Greenville, S.C. 

(Includes Greenville and Pickens Coun- 
ties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Hamilton-Middletown, Ohio 

(Includes Butler County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Harrisburg, Pa _ 

(Includes Cumberland, Dauphin and 
Perry Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



Population 



96. 3% 
100.0% 



285,000 
100.0% 
782,000 



93.2% 
100. 0% 



419,000 

99. 6% 
100. 0% 



109,000 

100. 0% 



172,000 

96. 7% 
100.0% 



99. 4% 
100. 0% 



151,000 

100. 0% 



548,000 
100. 0% 
160,000 
100. 0% 
613,000 



84. 2% 
100. 0% 



306, 000 



92. 6% 
100. 0% 



228,000 

100.0% 
411,000 



81.3% 
100.0% 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



1,616 

1.783 

1, 085. 7 



8,850 
3,104.4 



21,449 
22,602 
2, 890. 1 



20,858 

20,923 

4, 992. 6 



4,917 
4, 526. 1 



6,378 

6,501 

3, 769. 5 



27,537 

27,623 

4,315.2 



3,300 
2, 184. 9 



12, 148 
2. 216. 4 



2,132 
1, 329. 8 



14, 708 

16,253 

2, 649. 6 



8,946 

9,688 

3, 161. 1 



5,623 
2, 463. 6 



6,093 

6,429 

1,663.9 



Violent ■ 
crime 



295 

306 

186.3 



588 
206.3 



2,011 
2,110 
269.8 



1,336 
1,341 
320.0 



678 
624.1 



1,083 
1,094 
634.3 



3,547 
3,552 
554. 9 



742 
491.3 



1,111 
202.7 



32 

20.0 



3,127 
3,358 
547.4 



1,157 
1,258 
410.5 



708 
310.2 



764 

874 

212.6 



Prop- 
erty ! 
crime 



1,321 

1,477 
899.4 



8,262 
2, 898. 1 



19, 438 

20,492 

2, 620. 3 



19,522 

19,582 

4, 672. 6 



4,239 
3,902.0 



5,296 

5,407 

3, 135 2 



23,990 

24, 071 

3, 760. 3 



2,558 
1, 693. 6 



11, 037 
2, 013. 7 



2,100 
1, 309. 9 



11,581 

12, 895 

2, 102. 2 



7,789 

8,430 

2, 750 6 



4,916 
2, 163. 4 



4,320 

5, 66.'i 

1,351.3 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



112 

114 

14.6 



33 
33 

7.9 



16 
13.8 



31 

31 
18.0 



78 

78 

12.2 



7 
4.6 



19 
3.5 



71 

80 

13.0 



63 

56 

18.3 



14 

16 

3.9 



19 

19 

11.6 



Robbery 



114 
120 
16.3 



96 

96 

22.9 



40 
36.8 



51 

62 
30.2 



187 

187 

29.2 



26 
17.2 



125 

22.8 



2 
1.2 



96 
111 
18.1 



62 



32 
14.0 



39 

41 
25.0 



55 368 

19. 3 129. 1 



994 
1,014 
129.7 



664 

666 

135.1 



138 
127.0 



471 

473 

274.3 



2,193 
2,195 
342.9 



92 
60.9 



309 
56.4 



16 
9.4 



450 
490 
79.9 



291 

311 

101.6 



231 
101.2 



367 

416 

101.2 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny 

$50 and 

over 


221 


628 


640 


230 


592 


715 


140.1 


360.5 


435.4 


157 


3,086 


4,426 


65.1 


1,082.1 


1, 552. 2 


791 


9,197 


6,621 


862 


9,614 


7,035 


110.2 


1,229.3 


899.6 


643 


8,969 


7,282 


646 


8,995 


7,307 


154.1 


2, 146. 3 


1,743.6 


485 


1,827 


2,056 


446.4 


1,681.7 


1,892.5 


630 


2,615 


2,206 


638 


2,659 


2,260 


312.0 


1,541.8 


1,310.4 


1,089 


8,941 


7,629 


1,092 


8,971 


7,567 


170.6 


1,401.4 


1, 182. 1 


617 


1,188 


1,099 


408.5 


786.6 


727.6 


658 


6,006 


4,094 


120.1 


1,096.8 


747.0 


12 


875 


1,041 


7.5 


545.8 


649.3 


2,610 


5,712 


4,652 


2,677 


6,380 


5,202 


436.4 


1,040.1 


848.1 


761 


3,668 


2,964 


823 


3,988 


3,206 


268.6 


1, 301. 2 


1, 046. 1 


443 


1,854 


2,584 


194.1 


812.3 


1, 132. 1 


350 


2,203 


1,673 


403 


2,738 


2,030 


98.0 


666.0 


493.8 



See footnotes at end of table. 



83 



Table 5.— Index of Crime, 1971, Standard Mefropolitan Statistical Areas — Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Population 



Hartford-New Britain-Bristol, Conn 

(Includes Hartford County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Honolulu, Hawaii..- - 

(Includes Honolulu County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Houston, Tex -. - -- 

(Includes Harris, Brazoria, Fort Bend, 
Liberty and Montgomery Counties.) 

Area actually reporting. -.. 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Huntington-Ashland, W. Va.-Ky.-Ohio... 
(Includes Cabell and Wayne Counties, 
W. Va., Boyd County, Ky., and 
Lawrence County, Ohio.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Huntsrille, Ala - 

(Includes Madison and Limestone 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Indianapolla, Ind — 

(Includes Marion, Hamilton, Hancock, 
Hendricks, Johnson, Morgan. 
Shelby and Boone Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Jackson, Mich 

(Includes Jackson County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Jackson, Miss 

(Includes Hinds and Rankin Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total - 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Jacksonville, Fla 

(Includes Duval County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100.000 inhabitants 

Jersey City, NJ... - 

(Includes Hudson County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Johnstown, Pa - --• 

(Includes Cambria and Somerset 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total ■ 

Rate per 100, 000 inhabitants 

Kalamazoo, Mich 

(Includes Kalamazoo County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Kansas City, Mo.-Kans. 

(Includes Clay, Jackson, Cass and 
Platte Counties, Mo., and Johnson 
and Wyandotte Counties, Kans.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



827,000 

98. 8% 
100.0% 



648,000 

100.0% 

2,044,000 



82.0% 
100.0% 



257, 000 



100.0% 



234.000 

100.0% 
1,123,000 



95. 0% 
100.0% 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



144,000 

100.0% 



262,000 

80. 1% 
100.0% 



540,000 
100.0% 
620,000 
100. 0% 
266,000 



91. 6% 
100. 0% 



206,000 

100. 0% 

1,268,000 



99. 6% 
100. 0% 



Violent ' 
crime 



20, 016 

20,216 

2,444.4 



24, 630 
3, 786. 6 



66,364 

71,923 

3,519.0 



4,797 
1,864.9 



5,686 
2, 390. 2 



31,091 

32, 381 

2, 883. 7 



4,042 
2, 799. 4 



4,811 

6,101 

1,947.4 



26,276 
4, 680. 



19,902 
3,212 



1,616 
2,002 
763.1 



6,622 
3, 222. 3 



46,067 
46,206 
3,644.7 



Prop- 
erty » 
crime 



2,050 
2,059 
249.0 



1,261 
193.1 



9,688 
10, 436 
510.6 



674 
223.1 



445 
190.4 



3,885 
3,968 
352.5 



304.0 



610 

704 

268.8 



3,678 
681.0 



2,769 
446.3 



139 

170 

63.9 



1,042 
607.0 



6,987 
7,003 
562.4 



17,966 

18, 167 

2, 196. 4 



23,279 
3, 693. 3 



66, 676 

61,487 

3, 008. 4 



4,223 
1,641.7 



6,141 
2, 199. 8 



27,206 

28,423 

2,531.2 



3.603 
2,495.4 



4,201 

4,397 

1,67a 6 



21,698 
3.999.0 



17,143 

2,766.7 



Mxirder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



1,477 
1,832 
689.1 



6,680 
2.715.2 



39,080 
39,203 
3,092.3 1 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



29 
29 
3.5 



31 

4.8 



339 
370 
18.1 



18 
7.0 



22 
9.4 



68 

69 

6.1 



3 

2.1 



33 

4g 
18.3 



86 
1.5.9 



50 
S.1 



4 

4 

L6 



6 

2.4 



Robbery 



94 

96 

11.5 



124 

19.1 



680 
661 
31.9 



30 
11.7 



28 
12.0 



328 
333 

29.7 



26 
18 



71 

79 

30.2 



261 
48.3 



80 
12.9 



11 
13 

4.9 



31 
16.1 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



151 643 

151 644 

11.9 1 42.9 



827 

830 

100.4 



715 
110.4 



6,274 
6,396 
264.0 



186 
71.9 



107 
45.8 



2,306 
2,330 
207.5 



93 

64.4 



194 
237 
90.6 



1,298 
240.3 



1,936 
312.4 



68 

72 

27.1 



231 
112.4 



3,108 
3,114 

246.6 



Burglary 



1,100 
1,105 
133.6 



381 

58.8 



3,495 
4,019 
196.6 



341 
132.6 



288 
123.2 



1,184 
1,226 
109.2 



317 

219.6 



312 
340 

129.8 



2,033 
376.4 



111.8 



66 

81 

30.5 



776 
377.1 



3,186 
3,194 
261.9 



Larceny 

$50 and 

over 



9,699 
1,481.7 



29,279 
31,782 
1,666.0 



1,769 
683.8 



2,362 
1,006.4 



13,566 

14, 010 

1,247.6 



1,877 
1.300.0 



2,061 
2,144 
818.6 



12, 456 
2, 306. 1 



6,433 
1.038.2 



1,014 
381.4 



2,282 
1,110.4 



19, 694 

19,654 

1,550.3 



6,272 
6,366 
768.5 



9,426 
1,456.0 



Auto 
theft 



1,969 
766.6 



2,163 
926.6 



8.023 
8,695 
766.4 



1,460 
1,011.2 



1,474 
1,661 

596.9 



6,476 
1. 198. 9 



2,862 
461.9 



474 

606 

227.9 



2,941 
1,431.1 



11,436 
11,475 
906.2 



4,006 
4,033 
487.6 



4,264 
666.6 



13,786 13,611 
15,711 13,994 
I. 7 684. 7 



495 
192.4 



626 
267.9 



6,618 
6,818 
618.1 



266 
184.2 



692 
264.2 



2,668 
494 



7.848 
1.266.6 



144 
212 

79.7 



367 
173.7 



8,061 
8,074 



84 



Table 5.— Index of Crime, 1971, Standard Metropolitan Statistical >treat— Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Kenosha, Wis 

(Includes Kenosha County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Killeen-Temple, Tei 

(Includes Bell and Coryell Counties.) 

Area actually reporting ., 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

KnorriUe, Tenn 

(Includes Anderson, Blount and Znox 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Lafayette, Ui -- 

(Includes Lafayette Parish.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants.. 

Lafayette- West Lafayette, Ind 

(Includes Tippecanoe County.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants... 

Lake Charles, La... _ 

(Includes Calcasieu Parish.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Lakeland-Winter Haven, Fla 

(Includes Polk County.) 

Area actually reporting... 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Lancaster, Pa 

(Includes Lancaster County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants.. 

Lansing- East Lansing, Mich 

(Includes Clinton, Eaton and Ingham 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Las Vegas. Nev 

(Includes Clark County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants... 

Lawton, Okla 

(Includes Comanche County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Lexington, Ky. 

(Includes Fayette County.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Lima, Ohio 

(Includes Allen, Putnam and Van Wert 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhab Itauts 

Lincoln, Nebr 

(Includes Lancaster County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Little Bock-North Utile Rock, Ark 

(Includes Pulaski and Saline Counties.) 

Area actually reporting.. 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



Population 



119,000 

100.0% 



166.000 
100.0% 
408,000 



98.6% 
100.0% 



113.000 

100.0% 



111.000 

100.0% 



146,000 

100.0% 



236,000 
100. 0% 



318.000 

96.9% 
100. 0% 



388,000 



100.0% 



284,000 
100.0% 



114,000 
100. 0% 



179.000 

100. 0% 
174,000 



92. 7% 
100. 0% 



170,000 

100.0% 



328,000 

88.6% 
100.0% 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



3,469 

2,896.4 



3,666 
2, 141. 6 



7,680 

7,761 

1,903.1 



2,903 
2, 578. 2 



1,839 
1,650.6 



3,366 
2, 299. 5 



8,946 
3, 796. 9 



2,667 
2,894 
908.9 



16,468 
3, 986. 4 



12,071 
4,243.6 



3,636 
3, 187. 4 



6,871 
3,842.8 



3,374 

3,602 

2, 065. 7 



3,419 
2, 014. 6 



11,141 

11, 910 

3, 636. 6 



Violent > 

crime 



296 
246.9 



495 
298.2 



811 

819 

200.8 



364 
323.3 



53.9 



446 
304.0 



1,202 
610.2 



216 
234 
73.5 



9M 
246.0 



1,254 
440.9 



657 
575.9 



646 
360.7 



269 

277 

168.9 



265 
156.1 



1,695 
1,833 

569.7 



Prop- 
erty ' 
crime 



3,164 
2, 648. 6 



3,060 
1,843.4 



6.942 
1, 702. 3 



2,539 
2,264.9 



1,779 
1, 696. 7 



2.921 
1. 995. 5 



7,744 
3,288.7 



2,461 
2,660 
836.4 



14,504 
3, 739. 4 



10, 817 
3,802.8 



2,979 
2,611.4 



6,226 
3,482.1 



3.115 

3,326 

1,906.9 



3,164 
1,858.4 



9,446 

10. 077 

3, 076. 8 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



Robbery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



8 


27 


113 


6.7 


22.6 


94.0 


7 


67 


142 


4.2 


34.3 


86.6 


43 


32 


187 


43 


32 


188 


10.6 


7.8 


46.1 


7 


19 


98 


6.2 


16.9 


87.0 


2 


4 


32 


1.8 


3.6 


28.7 


14 


33 


82 


9.6 


22.5 


56.0 


20 


48 


284 


8.5 


20.4 


120.5 


6 


16 


112 


5 


16 


120 


1.6 


5.0 


37.7 


9 


82 


356 


2.3 


21.1 


91.8 


39 


86 


629 


13.7 


30.2 


221.1 


6 


64 


165 


6.3 


66.1 


144.6 


19 


40 


191 


10.6 


22.4 


106.8 


8 


9 


148 


8 


10 


156 


4.6 


6.7 


88.9 


3 


32 


27 


1.8 


18.9 


15.9 


53 


122 


528 


67 


138 


555 


17.4 


42.1 


169.6 



147 
123.0 



549 

656 

136.3 



240 
213.1 



22 
19.7 



316 
215.9 



860 
360.8 



84 

93 

29.2 



507 
130.7 



600 
176.8 



422 
369.9 



396 
220.9 



94 
104 
69.6 



203 
119.6 



992 
1,083 
330.7 



Burglary 



1,381 



Larceny 

$60 and 

over 



1,287 
776.3 



3,431 
3,466 

849.7 



1.366 
1, 212. 3 



638 
572.6 



1,360 
922.3 



3,668 
1, 556. 8 



1,246 
1,337 
419.9 



7,144 
1,841.9 



4,936 
1,735.3 



1,392 
1,220.2 



2,478 
1,386.9 



1,476 
1,554 
89L2 



877 
616.7 



4,276 

4,615 

1, 409. 1 



1,205 



1,166.0 1,008.7 



1,401 
844.0 



1,860 
1,888 
463.0 



903 
802.0 



924 
829.3 



1,291 
882.0 



3,419 
1, 461. 1 



1,026 
322.2 



6,296 
1, 623. 



3,969 
1, 391. 8 



1,240 
1, 087. 



3,186 
1,781.3 



1,411 
1,498 
869.1 



1,981 
1, 167. 2 



4,266 

4,481 

1,368.2 



See footnotes at end of table. 



85 



Table 5.— Index of Crime, 1971, Standard Mefropolitan Statistical Areas— Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Long Branch-Asbury Park, N.J 

(Includes Monmouth County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Lorain-Elyria, Ohio... 

(Includes Lorain County.) 

Area actually reporting.. 

Estimated total - 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants... 

Los Angeles-Long Beach, Calif. 

(Includes Los Angeles County.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Louisrille, Ky.-Ind - 

(Includes Jefferson County, Ky., and 
Clark and Floyd Counties, Ind.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total.. 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Lubbock, Tex 

(Includes Lubbock County.) 

Area actually reporting .- 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants.. 

Lynchburg, Va 

(Includes Lynchburg City and Amherst 
and Campbell Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants.. 

Macon, Ga - 

(Includes Bibb and Houston Counties.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total - - 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants. 

Madison, Wis - -- 

(Includes Dane County.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total.. - - - - 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Manchester- Nashua, N.H 

(Includes Hillsborough Covmty.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Mansfield, Ohio 

(Includes Richland County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

McAllen-Pharr-Edinburg, Tei 

(Includes Hidalgo County.) 

Area actually reporting- 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Memphis, Tenn.- Ark 

(Includes Shelby County, Tenn., and 
Crittenden County, Ark.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Miami, Fla - 

(Includes Dade County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100.000 Inhabitants - 

Milwaukee, Wis 

(Includes Milwaukee, Waukesha, 
Ozaukee and Washington 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Populatioi I 

471,000 

100. 0% 



2S9,000 

97.3% 
100. 0% 



,059,000 
100. 0% 
842,000 



96. 2% 
100. 0% 



181,000 
100. 0% 
126,000 

100. 0% 

211,000 

89.4% 
100. 0% 



294,000 

99. 3% 
100. 0% 



242,000 

100. 0% 



131.000 

97. 7% 
100. 0%, 



182,000 

96. 1% 
100. 0% 



797,000 



97.2% 
100. 0% 



1,311,000 

100. 0% 

1.422,000 



Total 

( 'I'ilTlC 

Index 



13,083 
2, 780. 1 



5,380 

5,605 

:, 126. 6 



384,232 
6, 443. 6 



28,621 
29, 137 
3, 459. 7 



6,914 
3, 823. 2 



1,642 
1,307.1 



6,847 

7,366 

3, 496. 2 



8,289 

8,319 

2, 828. 8 



2,936 
1,211.3 



2,601 

2,663 

2, 021. 8 



2,107 

2,269 

1, 240. 2 



26,106 
26, 673 
3,338.0 



76,080 
6, 726. 1 



Violent i 
crime 



99. 9% 
100.0% 



32,438 
32, 462 
2, 282. 4 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



209.7 



538 

548 

211.7 



56,099 
794.8 



2,804 
2,843 
337.6 



872 
482.2 



268 
213.3 



678 

723 

343.1 



286 

285 

96.9 



341 
346 

262.9 



101 
66.6 



3,442 
3,626 
442.6 



12, 466 
950.0 



1,787 
1,787 
126.6 



Murder 
.ind non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



12,096 
2, 570. 4 



4,842 

4,957 

1, 914. 8 



328, 133 
4, 648. 8 



25, 717 
26,294 
3, 122. 1 



6,042 
3,341.1 



1,374 
1,093.8 



6,169 

6,643 

3, 152. 2 



8,004 

8,034 

2, 731. 9 



166 2,780 

64.4 1,146.9 



2,260 

2,308 

1, 768. 9 



2,019 

2,168 

1.184.8 



22,664 
23,047 
2, 892. 6 



62, 624 
4, 776. 2 



30,661 
30, 67.'i 
2, 166. 7 



7 
1.5 



12 

12 

4.6 



755 
10.7 



116 
116 
13.8 



33 

18.2 



27 

29 

13.8 



7 

7 

2.4 



4 
1.7 



3 

3 

2.3 



2 

2 

1.1 



104 
107 
13.4 



224 
17.1 



61 
61 
4.3 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



65 
11.7 



41 

42 

16.2 



3,618 
61.3 



184 

187 

22.2 



61 
33.7 



29 
23.1 



42 

47 

22.3 



63 

53 

18.0 



13 
6.4 



27 

27 

20.6 



Robbery 



5 

6 

3.3 



316 
326 
40.8 



297 
22.7 



136 
136 
9.6 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



474 
100.7 



210 
214 
82.7 



24, 597 
348.6 



1,705 
1,719 
204.1 



151 
83.5 



63 

42.2 



322 
337 

169.9 



81 

81 

27.6 



42 
17.3 



451 
95.8 



276 

280 

108.2 



27, 129 
384.3 



Burglary 



5,648 
1, 200. 2 



2,358 
2,401 
927.4 



156, 920 
2, 209. 



Larceny 

$60 and 

over 



800 9,048 

821 9,303 

97. 5 1, 104. 6 



627 
346.7 



176 
140.1 



287 
310 

147.1 



144 

144 

49.0 



97 
40.0 



76 


236 


77 


238 


68.7 


181.4 


26 


65 


29 


64 


16.9 


36.1 


1,217 


1,806 


1,233 


1,861 


164.7 


233.6 


6,617 


6,418 


420.8 


489.6 


780 


810 


780 


810 


54.8 


67.0 



2,936 
1,623.6 



836 
665.5 



2,991 

3,232 

1,533.6 



3,322 

3,333 

1,133.4 



1,256 
617.8 



961 

969 

738.4 



1,266 
1,310 

719.2 



11,662 

11,868 

1. 489. 6 



26.768 
2, 040. 8 



7,866 
7,866 
563.0 



5,371 
1,141.3 



1,447 
1,495 
577.6 



100, 741 
1,427.2 



9,006 

9,235 

1,096.5 



2,701 
1,493.6 



460 
366.2 



2,028 

2,189 

1,038.7 



3,985 

4,001 

1,360.5 



1,086 
447.6 



1,060 
1,080 
823.0 



678 

646 

364.7 



Auto 
thett 



1,077 
228.9 



1,037 
1,061 
409.8 



71, 472 
1, 012. 6 



7,663 
7,756 
920.9 



405 
224.0 



78 
62.1 



1,150 
1,222 
679.9 



697 

700 

238.0 



440 

181.5 



249 

269 

197.4 



186 

202 

110.9 



7.781 
7,917 
993.6 



26, 196 
1, 997. 8 



16,806 
16, 818 
1,112.2 



3,221 
3,262 
409.4 



9,671 
737.6 



6,990 
6,992 
491.6 



86 



Table 5. — Index of Crime, 1971, Standard Meiropolifan Statisfical Areas — Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Minneapolis-St. Paul. Minn 

(Includes Anoka, Dakota, Hennepin. 
Ramsey and Washington Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Mobile, AU 

(Includes Mobile and Baldwin Coun- 
ties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Modesto, Calif. 

(Includes Stanislaus County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Monroe, La 

(Includes Ouachita Parish.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Montgomery. Ala -. 

(Includes Montgomery and Elmore 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Muncie, Ind 

(Includes Delaware County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100.000 inhabitants 

Moakegon-Mnskegon Heights, Mich 

(Includes Muskegon Coimty.) 

Area actually reporting... 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants-. 

Nashville, Tenn 

Includes Davidson, Sumner and Wilson 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Newark, N.J. 

(Includes Essex, Morris and Union 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

New Brunswick-Perth- Amboy-SayreTille 

NJ 

(Includes Middlesex County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

New Haven- Waterbury, Conn 

(Includes New Haven County.) 

Area actually reporting .- 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants.... 

New Orleans, I*.. , 

(Includes Jefferson, Orleans, St. Bernard 
and St. Tammany Parishes.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Newport News-Hampton, Va 

(Includes Newport News and Hampton 
Cities and York County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total , 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



Population 



1,861,000 

100.0% 
381,000 



87.6% 
100.0% 



200,000 
100.0% 



116,000 

100.0% 
201,000 



68.2% 
100.0% 



129,000 

100.0% 



158,000 
100.0% 
649,000 



91.7% 
100.0% 



1,888,000 



100.0% 



696,000 

100.0% 



766,000 

98.6% 
100. 0% 

1,049,000 



96.0% 
100.0% 



299,000 



98. 1% 
100. 0% 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



64,070 
3, 443. 



10,238 

11,322 

2, 971. 



8,368 
4, 169. 7 



1,680 
1,461.6 



4,499 

6,001 

2,486.8 



2,847 
2,201.2 



6,728 
3, 622. 7 



21,073 

21,626 

3,938.6 



72,482 
3,838.2 



15, 771 
2, 652. 6 



22, 708 

22, 913 

3,036.1 



46,303 
46, 670 
4, 439. 3 



6,629 

6,800 

2, 273, 3 



Violent I 
crime 



5,282 
283.8 



1,169 
1,292 
339.0 



676 
336.8 



385 
332.7 



386 

468 

227.7 



246 
190.2 



798 
504.7 



3,679 
3,755 
683.9 



12,369 
665.0 



1,100 
186.0 



1,364 
1,373 
181.9 



7,126 
7,301 
696.0 



949 

970 

324.3 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



68,788 
3, 169. 2 



9,069 

10,030 

2,632.0 



7,683 
3,833.0 



1,296 
1,118.9 



4,113 

4,643 

2, 269. 1 



2,601 
2,011.0 



4,930 
3,118.0 



17,394 

17, 870 

3, 254. 7 



60,113 
3,183.2 



14, 671 
2,467.6 



21,344 

21,540 

2,853.3 



38,177 

39, 269 

3,743.3 



6,680 

6,830 

1, 949. 



Miu'der 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



3.6 



52 

65 

14.4 



10 
6.0 



17 
14.7 



34 

38 

18.9 



6 
4.6 



14 
8.9 



79 

83 

16.1 



197 
10.4 



22 
3.7 



31 

31 

4.1 



134 

138 

13.2 



22 
22 
7.4 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



382 
20.5 



101 

106 

27.8 



58 
28.9 



20 
17.3 



40 

48 

23.9 



21 
16.2 



24.7 



159 
168 



440 
23.3 



45 
7.6 



105 
106 
14.0 



411 
426 
40.6 



60 

62 

17.4 



Robbery 



2,834 
152.3 



495 

621 

136.7 



214 
106.8 



23 
19.9 



211 

224 

111.4 



111 

85.8 



287 
181.6 



1,184 
1,195 
217.6 



7,822 
414.2 



721 
121.3 



562 

566 
74.8 



3,720 
3.756 
357.9 



302 

310 

103.6 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



2,000 
107.6 



621 

610 

160.1 



393 
196.1 



325 
280.8 



101 

148 

73.6 



108 
83.6 



458 
289.7 



2,267 
2,309 
420.5 



3,910 
207.1 



312 
62.5 



2,861 
2,982 
284.3 



676 

686 

195.9 



Burglary 



24,077 
1,293.9 



5,827 

6,266 

1,641.4 



3,376 
1,683.8 



667 
667.7 



1,736 
1,994 
991.6 



1,087 
840.4 



2,680 
1, 631. 7 



8,671 
1,679.3 



28,885 
1, 629. 6 



5,776 
971.5 



8,770 

8,863 

1,172.7 



14,607 
15,006 
1, 430. 4 



2,674 
2,728 
912.0 



Larceny 

$50 and 

over 



23,683 
1,267.3 



2,135 
2,563 



3,482 
1,737,1 



460 
388.8 



1,836 
1,986 
987.6 



1,210 
936.6 



2,047 
1,294.6 



6,668 

6,676 

1,033.8 



18.363 
972.4 



6,744 
966.1 



7,178 
7,264 
962.2 



13,937 

14.380 

1,370.8 



2,449 
2,624 
843.8 



See footnotes at end of table. 



87 



ToWe 5. — Smhx of Crime, 1971, Standanl Metropolitan Statistical Areas — Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Population 



New York, N.Y 

(Includes Bronx, Kings, Manhattan, 
Queens, Richmond, Nassau, Rock- 
land, Suflolk and Westchester 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting — 

Estimated total. -. -■ 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Norfolk- VirgiBia Be»<*-Portsmoo«i. V»- 
(Includes Norfolk, Chesapeake, Ports- 
mouth and Virginia Beach Cities.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Norwich-Groton-New London, Conn 

(Includes New London County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total --- 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants --- 

Ogden, Utah 

(Includes Weber County.) 

Area actually reporting - -- 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Oklahoma City, Okia 

(Includes Canadian, Cleveland and 
Oklahoma Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Omaha, Nebr.-Iowa 

(Includes Douglas and Sarpy Counties, 
Nebr., and Pottawattamie County, 
Iowa.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Orlando, Fla 

(Includes Orange and Seminole Coun- 
ties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Oxnard-Simi Valley- Ventura, Calif. 

(Includes Ventura County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Parkersburg-Marietta, W. Va.-Ohio 

(Includes Wood County, W. Va., and 
Washington County, Ohio.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Paterson-Clifton- Passaic, N.J 

(Includes Bergen and Passaic Coun- 
ties.) 

Area actually reporting - - 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... - 

Pensacola, Fla. 

(Includes Escambia and Santa Rosa 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Peoria, III 

(Includes Peoria, Tazewell and Wood- 
ford Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



11,614,000 



99.7% 
100. 0% 



100. 0% 



235,000 



98.7% 
100. 0% 



130,000 

100.0% 
665,000 



96. 6% 
100.0% 



549,000 

100.0% 
461,000 

100. 0% 
393,000 
100. 0% 
147,000 

100.0% 
1,382,000 

100. 0% 
249,000 

100. 0% 
342,000 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



96.8% 
100. 0% 



616, 580 
616, 362 
6, 307. 



26, 476 
3, 749. 4 



4,871 

4,933 

2, 098. 8 



2,945 
2, 270. 6 



19, 161 

19,680 

2,944.7 



16,284 
2,786.7 



17,847 
3, 873. 



13, 821 
3, 618. 3 



1,606 
1, 024. 6 



34, 826 
2,519.9 



8,366 
3, 356. 5 



7,872 

8,195 

2,395.0 



Violent i 
crime 



131,645 
131, 700 
1, 134. 



3,718 
647.2 



371 

374 

169.1 



312 
240.6 



2,270 
2,317 
348.5 



2,362 
610.4 



906 
230.6 



86 
67.9 



3,503 
253.6 



854 
342.6 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



483,936 
484, 662 
4, 173. 



21, 757 
3, 202. 1 



4,500 

4,669 

1, 939. 7 



2,633 
2, 030. 



16, 891 

17,263 

2, 696. 2 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



1, 897 13, 387 
346. 7 2, 439. 9 



16, 495 
3, 362. 6 



12, 916 
3, 287. 6 



1,420 
966.7 



31,323 
2, 266. 4 



7,512 
3,013.9 



1,161 6,711 

1,198 6,997 

350.1 I 2,044.9 



1,680 
1,581 
13.6 



10.0 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



6 
3.9 



63 

66 

8.4 



29 
6.3 



2,688 

2,590 

22.3 



241 
35 6 



54 

64 
23.0 



28 
21.6 



160 

164 

24.7 



144 
26.2 



Robbery 



61 


124 


11.1 


26.9 


14 


108 


3.6 


27.6 


5 


6 


3.4 


3.4 


45 


118 


3.3 


8.5 


34 


46 


13.6 


18.6 


12 


45 



91,778 
91,804 
790.4 



1,431 
210.6 



115 

116 

49.4 



136 
104.9 



673 

681 

87.4 



646 
99.3 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



47 
13.7 



36, 699 

35, 725 

307.6 



Burglary 



201 
203 

86.4 



143 
110.3 



1,484 
1,516 
228.0 



1,179 
214.9 



211, 162 
211, 442 
1, 820. 6 



Larceny 

$50 and 

over 



1, 978 9, 378 

291.1 1,380.2 



5S0 


1,697 


125.9 


346.6 


311 


473 


79.2 


120.4 


19 


66 


12.9 


38.1 


1,750 


1,590 


126.6 


116.0 


227 


547 


91.1 


219.6 


458 


646 


470 


668 


137.4 


195.2 



1,973 
1,998 
860.1 



1,016 
782.6 



8,734 

8,928 

1,342.7 



6,121 
933.4 



7,638 
1,667.6 



6,330 
1,611.4 



713 

485.4 



12,712 
919.8 



3,262 
1,308.8 



3,149 
3,261 
953.0 



Auto 
theft 



162, 310 
162, 642 
1, 400. 4 



9,743 
1,434.0 



1,996 
2,022 
860.3 



1,275 
983.0 



4,933 
6,074 
763.1 



4,777 
870.7 



6.397 
1,388.2 



6,327 
1,366.0 



641 
368.3 



11,760 
860.9 



3,287 
1,318.8 



2,465 
2,592 
767.6 



110,463 

110, 578 

962.1 



2,636 
388.0 



531 

639 

229.3 



343 

264.4 



3,224 
3,261 
49a 1 



3,489 
636.9 



1,460 
316.8 



1,268 
320.2 



166 
113.0 



6,851 
495.7 



963 
386.4 



1,097 
1,144 
334.3 



88 



Table 5. — Index of Crime, 1971, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas — Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Petersburg-Colonial Heights-Hopewell, 
Va - 

(Includes Colonial Heights, Hopewell 
and Petersburg Cities and Din- 
widdle and Prince George Coun- 
ties.) 

Area actually reporting - . . 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Philadelphia, Pa.-N.J 

(Includes Bucljs, Chester, Delaware, 
Montgomery and Philadelphia 
Counties, Pa., and Burlington, 
Camden and Gloucester Counties, 
N.J.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Phoenli, Ariz 

(Includes Maricopa County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants. 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

(Includes Allegheny, Beaver, Washing- 
ton and Westmoreland Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total- 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Pittsfield. Mass - 

(Includes Berkshire County.) 

Area actually reporting... 

Estimated total.. 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Portland-South Portland, Maine 

(Includes Cumberland County.) 

Area actually reporting — 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Portland, Oreg.-Wash.. 

(Includes Clackamas, Multnomah and 
Washington Counties, Oreg., and 
Clark County, Wash.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants. 

Poughkeepsie, N.Y 

(Includes Dutchess County.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Provldence-Warwick-Pawtucket, R.I. - 

Mass. 

(Includes Bristol, Kent, and Providence 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Provo-Orem, Utah.. 

(Includes Utah County.) 

Area actually reporting .- 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Pueblo. Colo 

(Includes Pueblo County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants. 

Racine, Wis.. 

(Includes Racine County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Raleigh. N.C 

(Includes Wake County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants-. 



Population 



130.000 



100.0% 



4,926,000 



95.4% 
100. 0% 



1.015.000 

100. 0% 
2.382.000 



88.7% 
100. 0% 



154,000 

95. 8% 
100. 0% 



199,000 

96.4% 
100. 0% 



1,041.000 



99.9% 
100. 0% 



230,000 

100.0% 



779,000 



100.0% 



147,000 
100. 0% 



122.000 

100. 0% 



173.000 

100. 0% 



236.000 



100. 0% 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



1,706 
1,312.8 



121, 608 
125, 579 
2, 549. 3 



44,727 
4, 406. 3 



44,933 
49. 600 
2, 082. 6 



2,103 

2,275 

1, 479. 4 



3,262 

3,402 

1, 713. 8 



44,697 
44, 727 
4, 295. 6 



3,392 

1, 477. 5 



26,630 
3,416.9 



2,042 
1,392.2 



3,648 
3,001.4 



4,653 
2, 688. 4 



6,033 

6,313 

2,677.2 



Violent i 
crime 



345 

265.5 



20,298 
20, 625 
418.7 



6,106 
603.0 



6,486 
6,871 
288.5 



95 
103 
67.0 



173 

182 

91.7 



4,287 
4,289 
411.9 



319 
139.0 



1,847 
237.0 



120 
81.8 



385 
316.8 



548 
316.6 



761 

822 

348.6 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



1,361 
1, 047. 3 



101,310 
104,954 
2, 130. 6 



39, 621 
3, 903. 2 



38,447 
42, 729 
1, 794. 1 



2,008 

2,172 

1, 412, 4 



3,089 

3,220 

1, 622. 1 



40, 410 

40,438 

3,883.7 



3,073 



24,783 
3, 179. 9 



1,922 
1,310.4 



3,263 
2,684.6 



4,105 
2, 371. 8 



5,272 

5,491 

2, 328. 6 




13 

10.0 



532 
537 
10.9 



69 
6.8 



4 
4 

2.0 



27 
27 
2.6 



3.5 



26 
3.3 



3 

2.5 



10 

5.8 



25 

26 

11.0 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



20 
15.4 



852 
870 
17.7 



327 
32.2 



400 
421 
17.7 



28 

28 

18.2 



21 

23 

11.6 



304 
304 

29.2 



7 
3.0 



45 
5.8 



6.1 



23 



21 
12.1 



23 

25 
10.6 



Robbery 



103 
79.3 



11, 732 
11, 878 
241.1 



1,484 
146.2 



3,535 
148.4 



15 

18 

11.7 



59 

60 

30.2 



2,087 
2,087 
200.4 



78 
34.0 



749 
96.1 



22 
15.0 



66 
54.3 



243 
140.4 



221 
229 
97.1 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



209 
160.8 



7,182 
7,340 
149.0 



3,226 
317.8 



2,631 
2,817 
118.3 



89 

95 

47.9 



1,869 
1,871 
179.7 



226 
98.4 



1,027 
131.8 



293 
241.1 



274 
168.3 



492 

542 

229.9 



Burglary 



746 
574.1 



45,642 

47,233 

958.9 



18, 319 
1, 804. 7 



17, 527 
19, 396 
814.4 



933 

1,002 
651.6 



1,456 
1.521 
766.2 



18.953 
18, 966 
1, 821. 5 



1,689 
735.7 



3,841 
1, 134. 4 



631 
430.2 



1.297 
1.067.1 



1,838 
1, 062. 



1,834 
1,935 



Larceny 

$50 and 

over 



420 
323.2 



26, 047 

27, 405 

556.3 



15, 470 
1, 624. 



11,212 
12, 808 
537.8 



820 

874 

568.3 



1,200 
1.252 
630.7 



15, 475 
15, 487 
1, 487. 4 



1,146 
499.2 



7,076 
907.9 



1,133 

772.4 



1,526 
1, 255. 5 



1,846 
1, 066. 6 



3,051 

3,148 

1,335.0 



See footnotes at end of table. 



89 



472-311 0-72-7 



Table 5. — Index of Crime, 1971, StanJard Metropolitan Statistical Areas — Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Population 



Reading, Pa 

(Includes Berks County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Reno, NeT 

(Includes Washoe County.) 

Area actually reporting.- 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Richmond, Va 

(Includes Richmond City and Chester- 
field, Henrico and Hanover 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Rireraide-San Bernardino-Onliirlo, Calif-. 
(Includes Riverside and San Bernardino 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

RateperlOO.OOOln habitants 

Boanoke, Va. 

(Includes Roanoke City and Roanoke 
County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Rochester, N.Y 

(Includes Monroe, Livingston, Orleans 
and Wayne Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Rockford.Ill 

(Includes Winnebago and Boone Coun- 
ties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Siuxamento, Calif 

(Includes Sacramento, Placer and Yolo 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

RateperlOO.OOO inhabitants 

Saginaw, Mich _ 

(Includes Saginaw County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

St. LoQia, Mo.-Ill... 

(Includes St. Louis City and Jeflerson, 
St. Charles, St. Louis and Franklin 
Counties, Mo., and Madison and 
St. Clair Counties, 111.) 

Ar«a actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Salem, Oreg - 

(Includes Marlon and Polk Counties.) 

Area actually reporting - 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Salinas-Seaside-Monterey, Calif- 

(Includes Monterey County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Salt Lake City, Utah 

(Includes Salt Lake and Davis Coun- 
ties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



298,000 

86. 6% 
100.0% 



129,000 

100. 0% 

532,000 

100.0% 



1,162,000 



100.0% 



185,000 



100.0% 



911,000 



98.6% 
100.0% 



272,000 



100.0% 



818,000 

100.0% 

221,000 

100.0% 

2,365,000 



93. 6% 
100.0% 

194,000 

97. 1% 
100.0% 



260,000 

100.0% 

677,000 
100.0% 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



2,723 

3,418 

1,146.6 



6,472 
4,264.8 



21,084 
3, 962. 



49, 814 
4, 286. 6 



6,303 
2,869.4 



18,418 

18,696 

2,06L7 



4,791 
1,761.8 



38,916 
4,766.9 



9,407 
4,267.6 



80,699 
83, 319 
3, 622. 9 



4,112 

4,264 

2, 193. 6 



9,082 
3,633.4 



20,086 
3,483.7 



Violent ■ 
crime 



268 

326 

109.4 



399 
310.2 



2,654 
498.7 



4,121 
364.6 



571 
309.0 



1,770 
1,789 
196.3 



441 
162.2 



2,746 
336.5 



1,621 
733.7 



366 

367 

189.2 



734 
293.6 



1,076 
186.6 



Prop- 
erty s 
crime 



2,466 

3,092 

1,037.2 



6,073 
3,944.6 



18,430 
3,463.3 



45,693 
3, 931. 9 



4,732 
2, 660. 4 



16,648 
16,907 
1,866.4 



4,360 
1, 699. 7 



36, 170 
4,421.3 



7,786 
3,623.9 



11, 896 68, 704 
12,146 71,173 
613. 6 3, 009. 4 



3,766 

3,887 

2,004.3 



8,348 
3,339.7 



19, 010 
3, 297. 3 



Murder 
and non- 
negUgent 

man- 
slaughter 



10 

11 

3.7 



10 

7.8 



16.2 



76 
6.6 



20 



46 

46 

4.9 



16 
6.9 



63 



34 
16.4 



297 
301 
12.7 



8 

8 

4.1 



16 
6.0 



24 
4.2 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



Robbery 



32 
24.9 



179 
33.6 



29.9 



38 
20.6 



92 

93 

10.2 



28 
10.3 



210 
26.7 



70 
31.7 



721 
739 
31.2 



36 

37 

19.1 



42 
16.8 



106 
18.4 



117 

143 

48.0 



187 
145.4 



1,405 
264.0 



1,470 
126.5 



148 
80.1 



767 
776 
85.2 



172 
63.3 



1,280 
166.6 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



126 

164 

61.7 



170 
132.2 



984 
184.9 



2,227 
191.6 



365 
197.6 



866 
876 
96.0 



226 
82.7 



Burglary 



1,038 
1,316 
441.6 



2,124 
1,651.6 



8,760 
1,644.3 



23,952 
2,061.1 



2,285 
1,236.4 



7,363 
7,463 
817.9 



1,816 
667.4 



Larceny 

$60 and 

over 



749 


768 


339.0 


347.6 


6,220 


4,667 


6,293 


4,813 


266.1 


203.6 


76 


237 


77 


246 


39.7 


126.3 


341 


336 


136.4 


134.4 


493 


462 


86.6 


78.4 



1,202 16,086 
146.9 1,844.1 



6,020 
2,272.0 



34,270 
36,361 
1,494.7 



1,927 

1,988 

1,026.1 



3,660 
1,420.2 



7,169 
1,243.6 



1,012 
1,249 
419.0 



2,024 
1,673.8 



6,146 
1,164.9 



16,451 
1,416.6 



1,822 
986.9 



7,480 
7,698 
833.8 



1,968 
720.0 



16,847 
1,937.1 



2,149 
972.6 



16,668 17,766 
17, 709 18, 113 
748. 8 766. 9 



1,479 
1,634 
791.0 



3,986 
1,694.7 



8,882 
1, 640. 6 



See footnotes at end of table. 



90 



Table 5. — Index of Crime, 1971, Standard Mefropolitan Statistical Areas — Confinued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Population 



San Antonio, Tex 

(Includes Bexar and Guadalupe Coun- 
ties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

San Diego, Calif 

(Includes San Diego, County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

San FranciscO'Oakland, Calif 

(Includes Alameda, Contra Costa, 
Marin, San Francisco and San 
Mateo Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

San Jose, Calif 

(Includes Santa Clara County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Santa Barbara-Santa Maria-Lompoc, Calif. 
(Includes Santa Barbara County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Santa Cruz, Calif 

(Includes Santa Cruz County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Santa Rosa, Calif _._ 

(Includes Sonoma County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Sarasota, Fla - _ 

(Includes Sarasota County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



Savannah, Ga 

(Includes Chatham County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total. __ 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants.. 



Scranton, Pa 

(Includes Lackawanna County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



Seattle-Everett, Wash 

(Includes King and Snohomish 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants... 



Shreveport, La 

(Includes Bossier and Caddo Parishes.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Sioux City, lowa-Nebr 

(Includes Woodbury County, Iowa, and 
Dakota County, Nebr.) 

.\rea actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



884, 000 

100.0% 
1, 387, 000 

100. 0% 



3, 101, 000 



100. 0% 



1,095,000 

100.0% 



266,000 

100. 0% 



126,000 

100.0% 



212, 000 

100.0% 



126,000 

100.0% 



188,000 

97. 9% 
100.0% 



234,000 



88.1% 
100.0% 



1,427,000 



98. 5% 
100.0% 



296, 000 

100,0% 
116,000 



96.4% 
100. 0% 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



30, 702 
3, 471. 3 



43, 895 
3, 166. 4 



170, 996 
6, 614. 2 



39,077 
3, 669. 7 



8,260 
3, 102. 2 



6, 296. 6 



8,632 
4, 074. 



4,147 
3, 289. 3 



9,293 

9,394 

4, 998. 



2,963 

3,436 

1,467.1 



56, 741 
66,465 
3, 966. 6 



7,376 
2, 493. 



2,716 

2,761 

2,370.3 



Violent ' 
crime 



3,670 
414.9 



3,227 
232.7 



21,337 
688.1 



2,700 
216.6 



679 
217.5 



497 
393.6 



477 
226.1 



236 

187.2 



1,146 
1,157 
616.6 



269 

299 

127.7 



4,461 
4,506 
316.7 



1,066 
360.3 



104 

106 
91.0 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



27, 032 
3, 056. 4 



40,668 
2, 932 7 



149, 668 
4, 826. 1 



36, 377 
3, 323. 



7,681 
2, 884. 7 



6,191 
4, 902. 9 



8,156 
3, 848. 9 



3,911 
3, 102. 1 



8,147 

8,237 

4, 382. 4 



2,694 

3,137 

1,339.4 



61, 290 

61, 969 

3,640.7 



6,310 
2, 132 7 



2,612 

2,665 

2, 279. 3 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



110 267 

12. 4 30. 2 



71 
6.1 



290 
9.4 



33 

3.0 



16 
6.0 



7 
6.5 



3.8 



6 
4.0 



27 

27 

14.4 



3 

4 
1.7 



64 
4.5 



4 

4 

3.4 



279 
20.1 



1,231 
39.7 



330 
30.1 



29 
23.0 



64 
25.5 



20 
16.9 



120 

120 

63.8 



10 

12 

6.1 



321 

324 
22.7 



40 
13.5 



Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 




assault 


997 


2,296 


112.7 


269.6 


1,578 


1,299 


113.8 


93.7 


12,611 


7,306 


403.4 


235.6 


929 


1,408 


84.9 


128.6 


136 


366 


51.1 


137.5 


166 


296 


130.7 


234.4 


128 


287 


60 4 


136.6 


46 


165 


36.6 


130.9 


460 


649 


462 


658 


240 6 


296.9 


76 


171 


93 


190 


39.7 


81.1 


2,161 


1,916 


2,166 


1,953 


151.7 


136.8 


219 


764 


74.0 


254.8 


15 


77 


15 


78 


12.9 


67.0 



Burglary 



Larceny 

$50 and 

over 



12, 280 
1, 388. 4 



16, 530 
1, 192. 



69,700 
2, 247. 6 



16, 634 

1, 610. 4 



3,494 
1,312.2 



3,048. 
2, 413. 8 



3,831 

1, 808. 1 



1,971 
1, 563. 3 



4,280 

4,320 

2, 298. 4 



1,153 
1,346 

674.7 



25,768 
26,048 
1,826.2 



3,263 

1, 102. 9 



876 

896 

769.2 



9,569 
1, 081. 9 



18,332 
1, 322. 



50,934 
1,642 6 



13,668 
1,248.6 



3,484 
1, 308. 6 



2,571 
2, 036. 1 



3,377 
1, 693. 8 



1,640 
1, 300. 8 



2,924 

2,968 

1, 673. 8 



1,016 
1,181 
604.3 



18,676 
18, 992 
1,330 8 



2,094 
707.8 



1,191 

1,208 

1,037.0 



See footnotes at end of table. 



91 



Table 5. — Index of Crime, 1971, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas— Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



SoDlh Bend.Ind. 

(Includes St. Joseph and Marshall Coun- 
ties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

SparUnbnrg.S.C 

(Includes Spartanburg County.) 

Area actually reporting- 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Spokane. Wasb 

(Includes Spokane County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Eate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Siiring field, ni - 

(Inchides Sangamon County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Eate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

SiiriBefield, Mo. --- ■ 

(Inchides Greene County.) 

Area actually reporting — 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Springfield, Ohio - 

(Includes Clark County.) 

Area actually reporting — 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants - 

Springfield-Chicopee-Holyoke. Mass 

(Inchides Hampden and Hampshire 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting - 

Estimated total - 

Rate per 100.000 Inhabitants 

SteabenTille-Weirton, Ohio-W. Va 

(Includes Jeflerson County, Ohio, and 
Brooke and Hancock Counties, 
W. Va.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Estimated total — - 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants -- 

Stockton, Calif - -- 

(Includes San Joaquin County.) 

Area actually reporting .-- 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Syracuse, N.Y - - 

(Includes Madison, Onondaga and 
Oswego Clounties.) 

Area actualy reporting.- - 

Estimated total-- 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Tacoma, Wash.. 

(Includes Pierce County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Tallahassee, Fla - 

(Includes Leon County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Tampa-St. Petersburg, Fla 

(Includes Hillsborough and Pinellas 
Counties.) 

Areas actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Terre Haute. Ind 

(Includes Vigo, Clay, Sullivan and 
Vermillion Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



Population 



284,000 



96.1% 
100.0% 



177,000 

100.0% 



292,000 

100.0% 



160,000 

100.0% 



166,000 

100.0% 



159,000 

100.0% 
694,000 



98.0% 
100. 0% 



170,000 



94.9% 
100. 0% 



296,000 
100. 0% 
641,000 



95. 4% 
100. 0% 



418, 000 

100. 0% 

107,000 

100.0% 

1,039,000 

100.0% 
177.000 



96. 7% 
100.0% 



Total 
Crime 

Index 



6,928 

7,186 

2, 626. 7 



4,109 
2,325.4 



8,071 
2, 763. 7 



3,007 
1,880.3 



4,379 
2,808.9 



3,246 
2,046.3 



20,376 

20,697 

3, 483. 1 



2,024 

2,163 

1, 271. 2 



15,247 
5, 161. 1 



11,403 

12,013 

1, 876. 4 



13, 213 
3, 162. 



3,083 
2, 893. 9 



38,292 
3,686.9 



3,479 

3,666 

2, 062. 4 



Violent 1 
crime 



760 

783 

276.4 



680 
328.2 



463 

168.6 



203.8 



161 
103.3 



379 
238.8 



1,172 
1,189 
200.1 



1,315 
444.3 



1,066 
1,099 
171.6 



1,181 
282.6 



468 
439.3 



6,498 
629.2 



220 

230 

129.8 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



6,169 

6,402 

2,261.4 



3,529 
1, 997. 1 



7,608 
2, 605. 1 



2,681 
1,676.4 



4,218 
2, 705. 6 



2,867 
1,806.6 



19,204 

19,508 

3,283.0 



193 1, 831 

203 1, 960 

119.3 1,151.9 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



13,932 
4, 706. 9 



10,347 

10, 914 

1,703.8 



12,032 
2, 879. 3 



2,616 
2, 464. 6 



32, 794 
3,166.7 



3,259 

3,426 

1.932.6 



20 

20 
7.0 



29 
16.4 



10 
3.4 



6 
3.8 



4 

2.6 



7 
4.4 



22 

22 

3.7 



4 
4 

2.4 



36 
12.2 



7 
1.1 



20 

4.8 



17 
16.0 



116 
11.2 



10 

10 

6.6 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



40 

41 

14.4 



21.5 



24 
8.2 



14 

8.8 



3.8 



18 
11.3 



34 
36 

5.9 



5.3 



84 
28.4 



65 

67 
10.5 



33 

31.0 



222 
21.4 



24 

26 

14.1 



Robbery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



498 

603 

176.9 



97 
519 



208 
71.2 



126 
78.8 



67 
43.0 



231 
145.6 



667 

663 

94.7 



90 

94 

56.2 



673 

227.4 



563 

683 

91.0 



427 
102.2 



123 
116.6 



1,936 
186.3 



71 
40.1 



211 
219 

77.0 



416 
236.4 



221 
78.7 



180 
112.6 



Burglary 



123 

77.6 



669 
669 
95.8 



90 

96 

66.4 



622 
176.4 



422 
442 
69.0 



646 
164.6 



296 
276.9 



3,226 

310.4 



2,667 

2,766 
969.2 



1,673 
946.8 



3.661 
1,219.4 



1,471 
910.8 



84 2,081 

63.9 1,334.8 



1,680 
995.6 



8,254 

8,382 

1,410.6 



980 
1,036 
608.3 



7,122 
2,406.1 



6,296 
5,514 
860.8 



6,114 
1, 463. 1 



Larceny 

$60 and 

over 



17,616 
1,686.0 



118 1,616 

124 1,677 

70. I 946. 3 



2,444 
2,658 



1.266 
710.2 



3.128 
1,071.1 



716 
447.1 



1,785 
1,145.0 



949 
598.0 



6,843 

6,943 

1,000.1 



648 



410.8 



4,818 
1,627.7 



3,929 
4,188 
653.8 



4,329 
1.036.0 



1. 270 
972. 6 1, 192. 1 



12,286 
1,182.6 



1,210 
1,288 
726.8 



See footnotes at end of table. 



92 



Table 5. — Index of Crime, 1971, Standard Metropolifan Statistical Areas — Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



and 



Texarkana, Tex.-Ark 

(Includes Bowie County, Tei. 
Miller County, Ark.) 

Area actually reporting - -- 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Toledo, Ohio-Mich 

(Includes Lucas and Wood Counties, 
Ohio, and Monroe County, Mich.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Topeka, Kans 

(Includes Shawnee County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Trenton, N.J 

(Includes Mercer County.) 

Area actually reporting _.. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Tucson, Ariz 

(Includes Pima County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Tulsa, Okhi 

(Includes Creek, Osage and Tulsa 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Tuscaloosa, Ala 

(Includes Tuscaloosa County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Utica-Rome, N.Y 

(includes Herkimer and Oneida 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total _ _ 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Vallejo-Fairaeld-Napa, Calif 

(Includes Solano and Napa Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Vineland-MillTille-Bridgeton, N.J 

(Includes Cumberland County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Waco. Tex 

(Includes McLennan County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Washington, D.C.-Md.-Va 

(Includes District of Columbia, Mont- 
gomery and Prince Georges Coun- 
ties, Md., Alexandria, Fairfax and 
Falls Church Cities and Arlington, 
Fairfax, Loudoun and Prince 
William Counties, Va.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Waterloo. Iowa 

(Includes Black Hawk County.) 

Area actually reporting... 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

West Palm Beach, Fla... 

(Includes Palm Beach County.) 

Area actually reporting. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



Population 



102,000 



100.0% 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



96.9% 
100.0% 



154,000 

100.0% 



310,000 

100.0% 



368,000 

100.0% 
472,000 



97.7% 
100.0% 



116,000 

100.0% 
343,000 



99.1% 
100.0% 



257,000 
100. 0% 



124,000 

100.0% 



150,000 

100.0% 

2,907,000 



100. 0% 



135,000 

lflO.0% 



364,000 

100.0% 



1,736 
1,698.3 



18,823 

19,337 

2, 769. 6 



6,190 
3,379.0 



12,746 
4, 117. 3 



11,117 
3.023.8 



14,346 

14,680 

3, 089. 7 



2,271 
1, 967. 6 



2.889 
2,961 
860.4 



9,863 
3, 832. 1 



3,726 
3, 013. 8 



4,734 
3, 161. 3 



116,617 
3, 973. 9 



2,266 
1, 677. 8 



16,261 
4,463.7 



Violent 1 
crime 



320 
313.2 



2,084 
2,126 
303.3 



727 
473.3 



1,604 
486.9 



1,261 
343.0 



1,627 
1,643 
327.0 



460 

387.9 



186 

189 

66.1 



742 
288.6 



366 

287.1 



718 
479.6 



23,137 
795.9 



222 
164.4 



2,040 
660.0 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



1,416 
1, 386. 



16, 739 

17,212 

2, 466. 3 



4,463 

2, 906. 7 



11,241 
3,631.6 



9,866 
2,680.8 



12,818 

13,037 

2,762.7 



1,821 
1, 669. 6 



2,704 
2,762 
806.3 



9,111 
3,543.6 



3,371 

2, 726. 7 



4,016 
2,681.8 



92,380 
3, 178. 



2,043 
1, 613. 3 



14,221 
3,903.7 



Murder 
and non 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



17 
16.6 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



18 
17.6 



Robbery 



33 


162 


34 


164 


4.9 


23.4 


7 


46 


4.6 


29.9 


20 


37 


6.6 


12.0 


22 


141 


6.0 


38.4 


40 


87 


40 


88 


8.6 


18.6 


12 


27 


10.3 


23.3 


6 


14 


6 


14 


1.7 


4.1 


17 


46 


6.6 


17.6 


16 


38 


12.1 


30.7 


26 


38 


16.7 


26.4 


367 


1,060 


12.3 


36.6 


4 


20 


3 


14.8 


63 


83 


17.3 


22.8 



67 
66.8 



1,169 
1,176 
167.7 



209 
136.1 



1,064 
343.7 



431 
117.2 



493 

496 
104 9 



47 
40.6 



84 

86 

26.1 



272 
106.8 



166 
125.4 



14,827 
610.1 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



228 
223.2 



730 

762 

107.3 



466 
302.7 



383 
123.7 



667 
181.4 



907 

920 

196.0 



364 
313.7 



81 

83 

24.2 



408 
168.7 



147 
118.9 



626 
360.6 



237.1 



106 
78.6 



Burglary 



673 
668.8 



7,443 

7,620 

1,087.4 



1,881 
1,224.6 



6,417 
1, 760. 



4,693 
1, 276. 6 



6,046 

6,136 

1,300.3 



967 
824.9 



1,693 
1,616 
470.9 



4,030 
1, 667. 4 



1,381 
1,117.0 



2,224 
1, 486. 2 



38,808 
1, 336. 



697 
616.3 



1,326 6,809 6,368 1,064 

166.9 364.0 1,869.1 1,746.3 1 289.3 



Larceny 

$60 and 

oyer 



696 
683.4 



7,076 

7,272 

1,037.8 



2,207 
1,436.9 



3,901 
1, 260. 2 



3,481 

946.8 



4,668 
4,663 
988.1 



613 

628.4 



837 

864 

261.9 



4,160 
1,614.0 



1,339 
1, 083. 1 



1,428 
963.6 



33,280 
1, 144. 9 



1,167 
867.0 



See footnotes at end of table. 



93 



Table 5. — Index of Crime, 1971, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas — Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Population 



Wheeling, W. Va.-Ohio 

(Includes Marshall and Ohio Counties, 
W. Va., and Belmont County, 
Ohio.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total. - 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Wichita, Kans 

(Includes Sedgwick and Butler Coun- 
ties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100.000 inhabitants 

Wichita Falls, Tex -- 

(Includes Archer and Wichita Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants _ 

Wilkes-Barre-Haiclton , Pa 

(Includes Luzerne County.) 

Area actually reporting-. 

Estimated total. — 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants. 

Williamsport, Pa.. 

(Includes Lycoming County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Wilmington, Dcl.-NJ.-Md 

(Includes New Castle County, Del., 
Salem County, N.J., and Cecil 
County, Md.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Wilmington, N.C 

(Includes New Hanover and Brunswick 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Worcester. Mass 

(Includes Worcester County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Yakima, Wash 

(Includes Yakima County.) 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

York, Pa 

(Includes York and Adams Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 Inhabitants 

Voungstown- Warren, Ohio 

(Includes Mahoning and Trumbull 
Counties.) 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants — 

San Juan, Puerto Rico 

Area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Ponce, Puerto Rico 

Area actually reporting. - . 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 



185,000 



87.7% 
100.0% 



385,000 

100.0% 

131,000 

100.0% 

342,000 

89.4% 
100.0% 



116,000 

100.0% 
512, 000 

100.0% 



110,000 



100.0% 



649,000 

90. 3% 
100.0% 



146,000 

100.0% 



331,000 

97. 6% 
100.0% 



542,000 



98. 8% 
100.0% 



868,000 
100. 0% 



162,000 

100. 0% 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



Violent ' 
crime 



1.607 

1,991 

1,077.7 



12,369 
3,208.7 



2,132 
1,627.7 



2,680 
3,212 
938.9 



1,882 
1,631.4 



17,882 
3, 492. 



3,819 
3, 473. 2 



21,461 
23, 163 
3. 671. 



6,370 
3, 682. 7 



4,148 

4,290 

1,296.0 



11,646 

11,760 

2, 170. 6 

30,663 
3, 633. 6 

6,312 
3, 279. 



Prop- 
erty 2 
crime 



194 

223 

120.7 



1,004 
260.7 



337 
267.3 



96 

147 

43.0 



86 
73.7 



1,672 
307.0 



716 
661.2 



1,139 
1,226 
189.0 



473 
324.4 



394 

406 

122 6 



1,363 
1,373 
263.4 

6,666 
641.6 

1,227 
767.4 



Miuder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



1,413 
1,768 
967.0 



11,366 
2, 948. 



1,796 
1,370.4 



2,486 
3,066 
896.9 



1,797 
1,667.7 



16, 310 
3, 186. 1 



3,103 

2, 822. 1 



20,322 
21, 937 
3, 382. 



4,897 
3, 368. 3 



3,764 

3,884 

1, 172 4 



10,283 
10,387 
1,917.1 

26.088 
2, 892. 

4,086 I 
2,621.6 



4 

4 

2.2 



16 
4.2 



8 
6.1 



Forc- 
ible 
rape 



16 
4.6 



33 
33 

6.1 

96 

n. 1 



9 

10 

6.4 



71 
18.4 



18 
13.7 



12 

16 

4.4 



9 
7.8 



Aggra- 
Robbery vated 
assault 



28 


77 


6.6 


16.0 


24 


20 


!1.8 


18.2 


18 


71 


19 


76 


2.9 


11.7 


4 


23 


2.7 


16.8 


16 


35 



36 
10.9 



69 

60 

11.1 

170 
19.6 

42 
26.9 



Burglary 



91 

102 

65.2 



386 
100.0 



84 
64.1 



44 

67 
19.6 



19 
16.6 



760 
146.6 



161 
137.3 



90 

107 

67.9 



632 
138.1 



227 
173.3 



37 



18.1 



66 
48.6 



717 
140.0 



621 

473.8 



Larceny 

$60 and 

over 



Auto 
theft 



646 


606 


676 


666 


88.6 


86.7 


149 


297 


102.2 


203.7 


221 


123 


226 


129 


68.2 


38.9 


606 


666 


609 


671 


112.4 


123.8 


1,810 


3,489 


208.6 


402 2 


246 


924 


161.2 


670.4 



696 
737 



6,131 
1,332.1 



790 
03.1 



1,143 
334.1 



917 
794.9 



7,102 
1,386.9 



1,646 
1,406.1 



9,074 

9,763 

1,603.6 



2,138 
1,466.2 



2,109 
2,166 
663.8 



4,974 
6,013 
926.2 

13,163 

1, 616. 2 

1,923 
1, 187. 



696 



464.1 



4,602 
1,168.8 



741 
565.7 



1,267 
1,483 
433.6 



747 
647.6 



6,077 
1,186.7 



1,206 
1, 096. 9 



6,197 
6,729 
883.2 



2,412 
1, 664. 1 



1,282 
1,330 
401.6 



3,621 
3,664 
657.8 

6.854 
790.1 

1,694 
984.0 



123 

192 

103.9 



1,722 
447.1 



264 
201.6 



328 

439 

128.3 



133 
116.3 



3,131 
611.4 



363 
321.0 



6,061 
6,466 
996.1 



347 
238.0 



363 



117.1 



1,788 
1,810 
334.1 

6,081 
686.7 

668 
360.6 



1 Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 

2 Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny $60 and over, and auto theft. 



94 



General United States Crinrte Statistics 



The data presented in this section are primarily 
of value to law enforcement executives, news 
media, and others for the purpose of comparing 
the crime experience of a community with the 
averages reported nationally by communities 
of similar size. Crime trends and rates are 
tabulated by grouping places according to pop- 
ulation size. Police performance in clearing crimes 
by arrest is presented by population group and 
geographic division. 

National city averages are also shown indi- 
cating the type and value of the property stolen, 
by offense and type, and value recovered by police 
investigation. Robbery, burglary, and larceny- 
theft are examined by type, as well as where and 
when they occurred. An analysis is provided 
showing weapons used to commit murders as well 
as a distribution of murder victims by age, sex, 
and race. Dispositions made of persons formally 
charged for all criminal offenses are set forth in 
Table 15 and disposition data on juvenile offend- 
ers is provided by population group in Table 18. 

City, suburban, and rural arrest rates are shown 
for all criminal offenses. Arrest rates by popula- 
tion group are also listed for specific offenses. 



This is another step in building totals for crime 
categories other than those in the Crime Index and 
in presenting crimes known to the police through 
arrests. 

Statistical data relating to suburban areas are 
provided for the use of law enforcement officials 
in suburban communities in making limited com- 
parisons. Places used to establish totals for sub- 
urban areas include cities with 50,000 or less 
population together with county law enforcement 
agencies in standard metropolitan statistical areas. 
Of course, the crime experience of the large core 
city is excluded. 

It is important to remember in studying 
averages that usually about half the units used 
must be above and about half below. National 
averages can provide the police administrator 
with valuable guidance in analyzing the local 
crime count, as well as the performance of his 
force in combating crime. The analysis, however, 
does not end with such a comparison, for it is 
only through an appraisal of local conditions that 
a clear picture of the community crime problem or 
the effectiveness of the police operation is possible. 



95 



Table 6.— Crime Trends, Offemes Known fo the Police, 1970-71, by Population Groups 

[1971 estimated population] 





Grand 
total 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent 
crime i 


Property 
crime ' 


Criminal homicide 


Forci- 
ble rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 

glary- 

break- 

Ing or 

entering 


Larceny— theft 




Population group 


Miu*der 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 
by 
negli- 
gence 


$60 and 
over 


Under 
$60 


Auto 
theft 


TOTAL ALL AGENCIES: 
5,853 agencies ; total popu- 
lation 168,804,000: 
1970 


7,273,638 
7,617,253 

-1-4.7 


5,052,646 

5,358,653 

-t-6.1 


667, 459 

729, 123 

+S.2 


4,385,187 

4,629,630 

-1-5.6 


13,737 
15, 076 

+9.1 


7,125 

7,068 

-.8 


33,676 

36, 806 

-1-9.3 


336.039 

370.634 

-1-10.3 


284,007 

306,607 

4-8.0 


1,963,861 
2, 102, 975 

4-7.6 


1.670,219 

1.653.578 

4-5.3 


2.213.867 
2.261,532 

4-1.7 


861, 117 


1971 - 


872, 977 


Percent chan&e 


4-1.4 






TOTAL CITIES: 4,186 

cities; toUl population 
120.090,000: 
1970 


6.219.879 
6,492,926 

-i-4.4 


4,275,401 

4,516,433 

-1-5.6 


602, 171 

656,327 

-|-!l.O 


3. 673. 230 

3.860,106 

-1-5.1 


11,264 
12,607 
-1-11.9 


4,402 
4,401 


27,452 

29,929 

-1-9.0 


319.638 

351,749 

-i-10.0 


243,817 
262,042 

4-7.5 


1.603,906 
1,727,313 

4-7.7 


1.293,225 

1,347,684 

4-4.2 


1.940,076 

1,972,092 

4-1.7 


776,100 


1971 


785,109 


Percent change 


4-1.2 


GEOTJP I 

67 Cities over 260,000; popu- 
lation 42,663,000: 
1970 


3, 018, 312 

3, 048, 076 

+1.0 

1, 318, 631 

1,350,806 

-1-2.4 

1, 028, 231 

996, 422 

-3.1 

671, 460 

700, 849 

-1-4.4 

847, 732 

887, 991 

-1-4.7 


2, 260, 264 

2, 308, 040 

-1-2.1 

1, 064, 726 

1, 087, 672 

-1-3.1 

744, 733 

729, 386 

-2.1 

460, 796 

491, 082 

-i-6.6 

667, 668 

604, 702 

-1-6.6 


415, 806 
446, 892 

-f7.5 

225, 814 

247, 334 

-t-9.6 

127, 463 

128, 696 
•fl.O 

62, 529 
70, 863 
-i-13.3 

61, 362 
69, 747 
-1-13.7 


1, 844, 448 

1, 861, 148 

-t-.9 

828,911 

840,238 

-t-1.4 

617, 270 

600, 691 

-2.7 

398, 267 

420, 219 

-1-6.6 

506,296 

634, 96:. 

-1-6.7 


7,427 
8,187 
-1-10.2 

3,468 
4,032 
-fl6.6 

2,608 
2,693 
-1-3.3 

1,361 
1,462 
-1-7.4 

1.351 
1,626 
-1-13.0 


2,333 
2,230 
-4.4 

770 

698 

-9.4 

969 

863 

-12.0 

694 

679 

-t-14.3 

716 
716 
-l-.l 


17. 270 

18, 690 
-t-7.6 

7,217 
7,966 
-t-10.2 

7,023 

7,034 

-1-.2 

3.030 
3.601 
-fl8.8 

3,261 
3,776 
4-16.1 


249,662 

270, 213 

4-8.2 

146, 816 
162, 276 
4-11.3 

71, 367 

70, 799 

-.8 

32,480 
37,138 
4-14.3 

27,200 
31, 696 
4-16.2 


141, 447 

149, 902 

4-6.0 

69,324 

73, 071 

4-6.4 

46, 466 

48,169 

4-3.7 

26,668 
28,662 
4-11.7 

29,660 
32, 851 
4-11.1 


828, 207 

864, 377 

4-4.4 

376, 636 

393, 192 

4-4.4 

267, 929 

269, 402 

4-. 6 

183, 742 

201, 783 

4-9.8 

226.609 

246. 262 

4-8.8 


642,632 

627, 863 

-2.7 

236,703 

226, 692 

-4.3 

184, 087 

177, 064 

-3.8 

122, 842 

125, 197 

4-1.9 

180, 161 

187, 087 

4-3.8 


766, 725 

737,806 

-2.4 

263, 136 

262, 636 

-.2 

282, 629 

266, 183 

-6.8 

210, 060 

209, 088 

-.6 

279, 369 

282, 673 

4-1.2 


473, 609 


1971 


468,918 




-1.0 


6 cities over 1,000,000; popu- 
1970 


216,672 




221,464 




4-2.2 


21 cities, 600,000 to 1,000,000: 
population 13,491,000: 
1970 


166,254 


1971 --- 


164, 225 


Percent change . 


-6.7 


30 cities, 250,000 to 600,000: 
population 10,351,000: 
1970 


91,683 


1971 


93,239 




4-1.7 


OEOCP n 

97 cities, 100,000 to 260,000: 
population 13,912,000: 
1970 


100, 626 


1971 


102,606 


Percent cliange 


4-2.0 



See footnotes at end of table. 



96 



Tabic 6. — Crime Trends, Offenses Known to tlie Police, 1970-71, by Population Groups — Continued 



Population group 



GROUP in 

252 cities, 60,000 to 100,000: 
population 17,608,000: 

1970 

1971 

Percent change 

GROUP IV 

487 cities, 26,000 to 50,000: 
population 16,990,000: 

1970 

1971 

Percent ctiange 

GROUP V 

1,147 cities, 10,000 to 26,000: 
population 18,163,000: 

1970... 

1971 

Percent change 

GROUP VI 

2,146 cities under 10,000: 
population 10,766,000: 

1970 - 

1971 

Percent change 

SUBURBAN AREA ' 

2,38? agencies; population 
66,936,000: 

1970 

1971 

Percent change 

RURAL AREA 

1,323 agencies; population 
20,691,000: 

1970 

1971.. 

Percent change 



Grand 
total 



802, 502 

864, 084 

+7.7 



661, 633 

717, 208 

+8.4 



604,863 

661, 462 

+9.4 



284,937 

314,115 

+10.2 



1, 790, 217 

1,949,658 

+8.9 



273, 932 
286, 396 

+4.6 



Crime 
Index 
total 



604, 765 

652, 791 

+9.6 



416, 934 

469, 749 

+10.6 



356, 839 
400,019 
+12.1 



169, 951 
191,132 
+12.6 



1, 202, 194 

1,333,193 

+10.9 



211, 963 

225,363 

+6.3 



Violent 
crime • 



46,044 
61, 467 
+11.8 



35, 905 
39, 978 
+11.3 



28,644 
32,025 
+11.8 



14, 410 
16,228 
+12.6 



96,201 
107, 926 
+13.4 



20,693 
21,721 
+5.6 



Property 
crime ^ 



458, 721 

601, 334 

+9.3 



380, 029 

419, 771 

+10.5 



328, 195 
367, 994 
+12.1 



166, 541 
174,904 
+12.4 



1, 106, 993 

1, 225, 268 

+10.7 



191,370 

203, 642 

+6.4 



Criminal homicide 



Murder Man- 

and non- slaughter 

negligent by 

man- negli- 

slaughter gence 



909 

1,054 

+16.0 



718 

830 

+15.6 



673 
+14.6 



271 
337 

+24.4 



2,233 
2,367 
+6.0 



1,057 
1,079 
+2.1 



648 

518 

-6.6 



410 
432 

+5.4 



236 

360 

+52.5 



160 

145 

-9.4 



1,851 
1,963 
+6.1 



1,389 
1,337 
-3.7 



Forci- 
ble rape 



2,652 
2,947 
+11.1 



1,923 
2,044 
+6.3 



1,645 
1,729E 
+11.9 



811 

844 

+4.1 



7,064 
7,745 
+9.6 



1,968 
2,109 

+7.2 



Rob- 
bery 



18, 661 
21, 906 
+17.4 



13, 901 
16, 993 
+15.0 



7,656 
8,883 
+16.0 



2,658 
3,169 
+23.6 



32,228 
37, 749 
+17.1 



2,606 
2,884 
+10.7 



vated 
assault 



23,822 

25, 560 

+7.3 



19, 363 
21,111 

+9.0 



18,855 
20,740 
+10.0 



10, 770 
11,888 
+10.4 



63,676 
60,064 
+11.9 



14,962 
15,649 
+4.6 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
entering 



189, 369 
212, 684 
+12.3 



162, 672 

in, 513 

+12.4 



140,538 
166, 674 
+11.4 



67,720 
77,003 
+13.7 



488,472 

639, 726 

+10.6 



103, 732 

109,816 
+5.9 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



187, 653 

203, 413 

+8.4 



166, 803 

183, 322 

+9.9 



146, 727 
166,400 
+14.2 



70,249 
79,609 
+13.3 



469,284 

516, 767 

+12.6 



71,404 

77,692 
+8.8 



Under 
$50 



297, 189 

310, 775 

+4.6 



245, 189 

257, 027 

+4.8 



247,788 
261, 073 

+6.4 



114, 826 

122, 838 

+7.0 



586, 172 

614, 602 

+4.8 



60,580 

59, 696 

-1.5 



Auto 
theft 



81, 709 

85, 337 

+4.4 



60, 664 

64, 936 

+7.1 



41,930 

45,020 

+7.4 



17, 672 
18, 292 
-H.1 



169, 237 

168,776 

+6.0 



16,234 

16,135 

-.6 



• Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 

' Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny $50 and over, and auto theft. 

' Includes suburban, city, and county poUce agencies within metropoUtan areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban cities are also included in other city groups. 



97 



Table 1.— Crime Trends, Offenses Known to the Police, 1970-71, for Suburban and Nonsuburban Cities' by Population Groups 

[1971 estimated population] 



Population group 



Suburban Cities 

TOTAL SUBURBAN 
CITIES : 2,039 dtles; total 
popnlatlon 28,813,000: 

1970 

1971... 

Percent change 



Grand 
total 



Crime 
Index 
total 



1,010,390 
1,111,727 
+10.0 



OBOUP IV 

336 cities; 26,000 to 60,000; 
population 11,769,000: 

1970 

1971 - 

Percent change 



GROUP V 

728 dtles; 10,000 to 26,000; 
population 11,763,000: 

1970 

1971 

Percent change 



OEOtJP VI 

976 cities; under 10,000; pop- 
ulation 6,301,000: 

1970 

1971 

Percent change 



Nonsaburban Cities 

TOTAL NONSUBURBAN 
CITIES: 

1,741 cities; total popula- 
tion 17, 095, 000 : 

1970 

1971 

Percent change 



OEOCPIV 

162 cities; 26,000 to 60,000; 
population 6,230,000: 

1970 

1971 

Percent change 



OBOUP V 

419 cities; 10,000 to 26,000; 
population 6,400,000: 

1970 

1971 

Percent change 



OKOUP VI 

1,170 cities; under 10,000; 
population 6,468,000: 

1970. 

1971... 

Percent change 



464,786 

607, 226 

+9.1 



389, 614 

431, 365 

+10.7 



166, 091 

173, 147 

+10.9 



636, 912 

716,336 

+12.6 



Violent 
crime' 



640,943 
681,048 

+7.4 



196,748 

209,983 

+6.7 



216, 349 

230,097 

-1-6.8 



128,846 

140,968 

+9.4 



300, 728 

334,673 

+11.3 



239,631 

272, 868 

+13.9 



96,663 

108, 905 

+12.8 



305, 812 

334,664 

+9.4 



116, 206 

125, 176 

+8.7 



117,208 

127,161 

+8.6 



73,398 

82,227 
+12.0 



50,606 
56.850 
+ 12.6 



Property 
crime « 



586,406 

669,486 

+12.6 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



817 

977 

+19.6 



Man- 
slaughter 
by 
negli- 
gence 



Forci- 
ble rape 



26,709 
28,880 
+12.3 



17,663 
19,996 
+13.8 



7,234 
7,976 
+10.2 



28,463 
31,381 
+10.3 



10,196 

11,098 

+8.8 



11,081 
12,030 
+8.6 



7,176 
8,263 
+16.0 



275, 019 

306, 693 

+11.2 



222,068 

252,863 

+13.9 



89, 319 

100,930 

+13.0 



277,359 

303,183 

+9.3 



105, 010 

114,078 

+8.6 



106,127 
116, 131 

+8.6 



66,222 
73,974 
+11.7 



416 
493 

+ia8 



280 

347 

+23.9 



122 

137 

+12.3 



617 

633 

+22.4 



760 

863 

+13.6 



303 

337 

+11.2 



308 
326 

+6.8 



149 

200 

+34.2 



272 

298 

+9.6 



160 

266 

+60.0 



86 

79 

-7.1 



2,808 
2,977 
+6.0 



Rob- 
bery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Btu-- 

glary— 
break- 
ing or 

entering 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



Under 
$50 



18,433 28,448 
21,748 31,148 
+18.0 +9.6 



1,391 
1,406 
+1.1 



1,017 
1,112 
+9.3 



400 

469 

+14.8 



11,093 
13,012 
+17.3 



6,636 
6,680 
+16.7 



1,704 
2,166 
+26.6 






289 

304 

+5.2 



138 

134 

-2.9 



76 
104 

+36.8 



76 



-12.0 



1,471 

1,640 

+11.5 



632 
638 

+19.9 



628 

617 

+16.9 



411 

386 

-6.3 



5,682 
6,287 
+10.6 



2,808 
2,981 
+6.2 



2,020 
2,303 
+14.0 



864 

1,003 

+17.4 



12, 810 

13,969 

+9.0 



10,630 
11,966 
+12.6 



6,008 
5,223 
+4.3 



242,258 

273,878 

+13.1 



253,694 

288,665 

+13.7 



111,024 116,799 

126, 680 128, 167 

+13. 2 +10. 7 



20, 540 
22,591 
+10.0 



6,563 
7,142 
+9.0 



8,226 
8,784 
+6.8 



6,762 
6,666 
+16.7 



93,630 

105, 640 

+12.8 



37,604 
42, 578 
+13.2 



118,672 
131,212 
+10.7 



41,648 
46,853 
+10.4 



46,908 

60,934 

+8.6 



30, 116 
34,426 
+14.3 



372,961 
394,758 

+5.8 



Auto 
theft 



97, 379 
113, 563 

+16.6 



40, 616 
46,846 
+16.6 



129,085 

140,766 

+9.0 



61,004 

56,166 

+8.2 



48,348 

52,837 

+9.3 



29,733 
32,764 
+10.2 



163,786 

172, 364 

+6.2 



149,723 

158, 241 

+6.7 



69, 453 
64,163 

+7.9 



234,842 
246, 180 

+4.8 



81,404 

84,673 

+4.0 



98,066 

102, 832 

-1-4.9 



66,373 

68,676 

+6.0 



90,454 
97,043 

+7.3 



48,196 

61, 876 

+7.6 



31,069 
33,660 

+8.4 



11, 199 

11,607 

+2.8 



29,702 
31,205 

+5.1 



12,468 
13,060 
+4.8 



10,871 
11,360 
-)-4.6 



6,373 
6,785 
+6.5 



■ Suburban places are within Standard MetropoUtan Statistical Areas and include suburban city and county poUce agencies waliin the metropoUtan areas . 
Excludes core cities. Nonsuburban places are outside S.M.S.A.'s. 

2 Violent crime is oflenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
' Property crime is oflenses of burglary, larceny $60 and over, and auto theft. 



98 



Table 8. — Crime Trends, Offenses Known to tf\e Police, 1970-71, for Suburban and Nonsuburban Counties by Population Groups 

[1971 estimated population] 



Population group 



Suburban Counties 

Over 100,000 

69 counties, population 
16,017,000: 

1970.. 

1971 

Percent change 

16,000 to 100,000 

144 coimties, population 
7,724,000: 

1970 

1971 

Percent change 

10,000 to 15,000 

62 counties, population 
982, 000: 

1970 

1971 

Percent change 

Nonsuburban Counties 

iS.OOO to 100,000 

162 counties, population 
6,873,000: 

1970— - 

1971 

Percent change 

10,000 to 15,000 

414 counties, population 
6,488,000: 

1970 

1971 

Percent change 

Under 10,000 

663 counties, population 
3,103,000: 

1970 

1971 

Percent change 



Grand 
total 



642,611 
686, 940 

+8.2 



164, 272 

176, 643 

+6.9 



18, 983 

18, 892 

-.6 



86, 838 
91, 636 
+6.6 



78, 719 

81,891 

+4.0 



40,667 

42,460 

+4.4 



Crime 
Index 
total 



383,003 

421, 308 

+10.0 



123, 132 

134, 316 

+9.1 



16, 341 
16,689 
+2.3 



64, 219 

69, 722 

+8.6 



61,168 

64, 749 
+6.9 



31, 949 

33,844 

+6.9 



Violent 
crime * 



28, 761 
33,796 
+17.6 



11, 394 
12, 336 

+8.3 



1,284 

1,469 

+ 14.4 



7,048 
7,266 
+3.0 



6,549 
6,923 

+6.7 



3,068 

3,062 

-.6 



Property 
crime - 



354,242 

387,612 

+9.4 



111,738 

121, 981 

+9.2 



14,057 
14,220 
+1.2 



57, 174 

62,466 

+9.3 



64,609 

67, 826 

+6.9 



28,881 

30, 792 

+6.6 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



849 

862 

+1.5 



362 

339 

-6.4 



68 
-12.1 



296 

288 

-2.4 



337 

369 
+6.6 



163 

149 



Man- 
slaughter 
by 
negli- 
gence 



406 

386 

-4.9 



287 

325 

+13.2 



106 
124 

+17.0 



110 

+27.9 



166 
123 

-20.6 



49 

61 

+24.5 



Forci 
ble rape 



2,494 
2,793 
+12.0 



1,247 

1,389 

+11.4 



160 

186 

+24.0 



619 

663 

+6.6 



607 
602 



262 

327 

+29.8 



Hob- 
bery 



10,041 
11,838 
+17.9 



2,610 
2,767 
+10.2 



+10.4 



809 

939 

+16.1 



724 
727 
+.4 



304 

278 

-8.6 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



16,377 
18,303 
+19.0 



7,275 
7,840 
+7.8 



789 
917 

+16.2 



6,322 
5,376 
+1.0 



4,881 
6,235 

+7.3 



2,349 
2,298 
-2.2 



Bur- 
glary— 
brealj- 
ing or 
entering 



161,498 

176, 134 

+9.1 



57,767 

61, 916 

+7.2 



7,264 
7,626 
+3.6 



30,346 

32, 769 

+8.0 



29, 719 
31,048 
+4.5 



14,422 
15, 390 
+6.7 



Larceny— theft 



$60 and 
over 



145, 146 
161, 542 
+11.4 



43, 721 
48, 976 
+12.0 



5,607 
6,474 



23, 052 
26, 896 
+12.3 



21,660 

23,394 

+8.0 



11,787 
12. 636 

+7.2 



Under 
$50 



169,203 

166,247 

+3.8 



40, 863 

40, 902 
+.1 



3,636 
3,079 
-12.9 



22,633 

21, 803 

-3.2 



17,406 

17, 019 

-2.2 



1,669 
1,555 
-1.2 



1 Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
• Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny $50 and over, and auto theft. 



99 



Table 9.— Crime Rates, Offenses Known to the Police, 1971, by Population Groups 

[1971 estimated population. Eate; number of crimes per 100,000 Inhabitants) 





Grand 
total 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent 
crime ' 


Property 
crime « 


Criminal homicide 


Forcl- 
ole rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
entering 


Larceny 


—theft 




Population group 


Murder 
and non- 
negUgent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 
by 
negli- 
gence 


$60 and 
over 


Under 
$60 


Auto 
theft 


TOTAL ALL AGENaES: 

7.011 agencies; total 
population 181.671,000: 
Number of offenses 


8,062,715 
4,432.6 


5,668.649 
3, 120. 3 


767,071 
422.2 

674,137 
538.6 


4,a01,678 
2,698.1 


15,900 

8.8 


7,397 
4.1 


38,983 
21.6 


379,104 
208.7 


333,084 
183.3 


2.231.754 
1,228.5 


1,760,591 
969.1 


2,376,669 
1,308.2 


909,233 


Kate 


500.5 


TOTAL CITIES: 4,968 
cities: total population 
125.171,000: 
Number of offenses 


6,752,037 
6,394.2 


4,684,024 
3,742.1 


4.009,887 
3.203.6 


12,866 
10.3 


4,495 
3.6 


30,665 
24.5 


355.657 
284.1 


274,949 
219.7 


1,792,784 
1,432.3 


1,411,463 
1,127.6 


2,063,518 
1,648.6 


805,640 


Bate 


643.6 


OBOCF I 

67 cities over 260,000; 
population 42,663,000: 
Number of offenses 


3,066,604 
7, 188. 

1,360,806 
7, 177. 1 

996,422 
7,388.8 

719,377 
6,960.1 

906,146 
6429.2 


2, 309, 633 
6,413.6 

1,087,672 
6,778.6 

729,386 
6,406.4 

492,676 
4.768.9 

616,996 
4382.6 


446,892 
1, 047. 6 

247,334 
1,314.1 

128,696 
963.9 

70,863 

684.6 

70,856 
603.3 


1,862,641 
4,366.0 

840,238 
4,464.4 

600,691 
4.462.6 

421,712 
4,074.3 

646,141 
3879.2 


8,187 
19.2 

4.032 
21.4 

2,693 
20.0 

1,462 
14.1 

1,626 
10.8 


2,230 
6.2 

698 
3.7 

863 
6.3 

679 
6.6 

732 
6.2 


18,690 
43.6 

7,965 
42.3 

7,034 
62.1 

3,601 
34.8 

3,789 
26.9 


270,213 
633.4 

162,276 
862.2 

70,799 
624.8 

37,138 
368.8 

31, 796 
228.8 


149,902 
361.4 

73,071 
388.2 

48,169 
367.0 

28,662 
276.9 

33,746 
239.7 


864,377 
2,028.1 

393,192 
2,089.1 

269,402 
1,996.9 

201,783 
1,949.8 

261,983 
1789.8 


629,346 
1, 240. 8 

226,692 
1, 198. 6 

177,064 
1,312.5 

126,690 
1,224.0 

190,089 
1360.2 


764,841 
1,769.3 

262,636 
1,394.9 

266,183 
1,973.0 

226,123 
2,184 6 

287,417 
2041.8 


468,918 


Rate --- 


1,099.1 


6 cities over 1,000,000: 
population 18,821,000: 
Number of offenses 


221,464 


Rate - 


1,176.6 


21 cities, 600,000 to 1,000,000; 
population 13,491,000; 
Number of offenses 


164,225 


Rate 


1,143.2 


30 cities, 260,000 to 600,000; 
population 10,361,000: 
Number of offenses 


93,239 


Rate 


900.8 


GROUP n 

98 cities, 100,000 to 260,000; 

population 14,079,000: 

Number of offenses 


104,069 


Eate 


739.2 



See footnotes at end of table. 



100 



Table 9. — Crime Rates, Offenses Known to the Police, 1971, by Population Groups — Continued 



Population group 



OB0U7 m 

260 cities 50,000 to 100,000; 
population 18,221,000: 
Number of offenses 

known 

Hate 



OEOtJP IV 

609 cities, 26,000 to 60,000; 
population 17,705,000: 
Number of offenses 

known. 

Rate 



OEOUP V 

1,224 cities, 10,000 to 25,000; 
population 19,378,000: 
Number of offenses 

known 

Bate 



QEOOP VI 

2,810 cities under 10,000; 
population 13,125,000: 
Number of offenses 

known, 

Kate -- 



SDBUEBAN ABEA ' 

2,795 agencies; population 
62,624,000: 
Number of offenses 

known.. 

Rate. 



BUBAL AEEA 



1,667 agencies; 
25,183,000: 
Number 

known.. 
Rate 



population 



of offenses 



Grand 
total 



911,310 
5001.4 



766, 768 
4330.7 



714,442 
3686.8 



387,768 
29S4.4 



2,187,053 
3492. 3 



349,422 
1387.5 



Crime 
Index 
total 



687,203 
3222.7 



495, 470 
2798.4 



434, 756 
2243.5 



240,066 
1829.1 



1, 509, 741 
2410.8 



276,956 
1,099.8 



Violent 
crime ' 



54,628 



42,988 
242.8 



36,363 
187.6 



22,421 
170.8 



128,826 
205.7 



29,145 
116.7 



Property 
crime ^ 



632, 575 
2922.9 



452,482 
2655.6 



398,403 
2055.9 



217,645 
1668.2 



1, 380, 916 
2206.1 



247,811 
984.0 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



1,077 
6.9 



867 
4.8 



769 
3.9 



460 
3.5 



2,633 
4.2 



1,497 
6.9 



Man- 
slaughter 
by 
negli- 
gence 



827 
2.9 



443 
2.5 



379 
2.0 



184 
1.4 



2,083 
3.3 



1,494 
6.9 



Forci- 
ble rape 



3,080 
16.9 



2,182 
12.3 



1,928 
9.9 



1,099 
8.4 



9,016 
14.4 



2,684 
10.7 



Rob- 
bery 



22,985 
126.1 



16, 776 
94.8 



9,883 
81.0 



4,005 
30.5 



43,629 
69.7 



3,660 
14.6 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



27,486 
150.8 



23,173 
130.9 



23,786 
122.7 



16,857 
128.4 



73, 648 
117.4 



21,304 
84.6 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
entering 



226,623 
1243.2 



184,665 
1042.4 



170,661 
880.2 



94,776 
722.1 



610, 245 
974.8 



133,860 
631.6 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



215,063 
1180.3 



197, 695 
1116.6 



179, 143 
9214 



100, 127 
762.9 



578, 879 
924.4 



94,607 
375.7 



Under 
$80 



323,580 
1775. 9 



270,886 
1629.8 



279,307 
1441.3 



147,818 
1123.9 



676, 229 
1078. 2 



70, 972 
281.8 



Auto 
theft 



90,989 
499.4 



70, 222 
396.6 



48,699 
261.3 



22,743 
173.3 



191, 791 
306.3 



19,344 
76.8 



' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
2 Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny $80 and over, and auto theft. 

' Includes suburban city and county police agencies within metropolitan areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban cities are also included in other city groups. 
Population figures rounded to the nearest thousand. AU rates were calculated on the population before rounding. 



101 



Table 10.— Crime Rates, Offenses Known to the Police, 1971, for Suburban and Nonsuburban Cities by Population Groups 

(1971 estimated population. Rate: Number of crimes per 100,000 inhabitants] 





Grand 
total 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent I 
crime ' 


' roperty 
crime ^ 


Criminal homicide 


Forci- 
)le rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- . 

glary— 

brealJ- 

ing or 
entering 


Larceny 


-theft 




Population group 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
Jaughter 1 
by 
negli- 
gence 


$50 and 
over 


Under 
$60 


Auto 

theft 


Snbnrbsn Cities 

TOTAL SUBURBAN 
CITIES: 
2.409 cities; total popnlatioii 

31,308,000; 

Naniber of offenses 


1,236,797 
3,947.3 


802,072 
2561.9 


65,037 
207.7 


737.035 
2354.2 


1.096 
3.5 


675 
2.2 


3,382 
10.8 


23.842 
76.2 


36,717 
117.3 


305,136 
974.6 


324.358 
1036.0 


433,050 
1383.2 


107.542 




343.5 






Qeotjp rv 

363 ciUes, 2e,000 to 60,<1BO; 
population 12,361,000: 
Number of offenses 


649,090 
4442.0 

468,430 
3726.3 

218,277 
3423.7 

633,181 
3,349.9 


365, 110 
2963.7 

297, 806 
2369.0 

139, 157 
2182. 7 

368,220 
1,948.1 


31,294 
263.2 

22,964 
182.6 

10, 789 
169.2 

36,725 
194.3 


333,816 

2700.5 

274,861 
2186. 4 

128,368 
2013.4 

331,495 
1,753.8 


617 

4.2 

396 
3.1 

184 

2.9 

980 
5.2 


304 
2.5 

266 
2.1 

105 
1.6 

331 

1.8 


1,629 
12.4 

1,244 
9.9 

609 
9.6 

1,824 
9.7 


13,693 
110.8 

7,383 

58.7 

2,766 
43.4 

6.822 
36.1 


16, 656 
126.8 

13,932 
110.8 

7.230 
113.4 

27.099 
143.4 


136,880 
1107. 3 

115,375 
917.8 

62,880 
829.4 

144.766 
765.9 


140,686 
1137. 3 

123,020 
978.6 

60,763 
962.9 

152.607 
807.4 


183,676 
1486.9 

170,369 
1366.2 

79,015 
1239.3 

264.630 
1.400.1 


56,361 


Rate - 


456.9 


Gbodp V 

779 cities, 10,000 to 26,000; 
population 12,571,000: 
Number of oflenses 


36,466 


Rate -- 


290.0 


Gkoup VI 

1,277 cities, under 10,000; 
population 6,376,000: 
Number of oflenses 


14,736 




231. 1 


Nonsnbnrban Cities 

TOTAL NONSUBURBAN 

CITIES: 

2,134 dties; total popali>> 

tion 18,901,000: 

Number of offensra 


34,122 


Rate 


180.6 


GROUP rv 

166 cities, 25,000 to 50,000; 
population 6,344,000: 
Number of oflenses 


217,678 
4,073.2 

246, 012 
3,613.8 

. 169,491 
. 2,611.1 


130,360 
2,439.3 

136, 961 
2,011.7 

100,909 
1, 495. 1 


11,694 
218.8 

13, 399 
196.8 

11,632 
172.3 


118,666 
2, 220. 5 

123,562 
1,814.9 

89, 277 
1, 322. 7 


340 

6.4 

364 
6.3 

276 
4.1 


139 

2.6 

113 

1.7 

79 
1.2 


663 

12.2 

681 
10.0 

490 
7.3 


3,083 

67.7 

2,600 
36.7 

1,239 
18.4 


7,618 
142.6 

9,854 
144.7 

9,627 
142.6 


47,685 
892.3 

56, 186 
810.7 

41, 895 
620.7 


57, 110 
1,068.6 

66,123 
824.4 

39,374 

683.4 


87, 179 
1,631.3 

108, 948 
1,600.4 

68,603 
1,014.9 


13.871 


Rate 


269.6 


OEOUP V 

446 cities, 10,000 to 26,000; 
population 6,808,000: 
Number of offenses 


12,243 




179.8 


GROUP VI 

1,633 cities, under 10,000; 
population 6,760,000: 
Number of oflenses 


8,008 
118.6 


Rate 







1 Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
' Property crime is oflenses of burglary, larceny $60 and over, and auto theft. 



102 



Table 11.— Cr/me Rates, Offenses Known to the Police, 1971, Suburban and Nonsuburban Counties by Population Groups 

(1971 estimated population. Rate: Number of crimes per 100,000 InliabitantsI 





Grand 
total 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent 
crime ' 


Property 
crime ' 


Criminal homicide 


Forci- 
ble rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 
break- 
ing or 
entering 


Larceny— theft 




Population group 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 
by 
negU- 
gence 


$60 and 
over 


Under 
$60 


Auto 
theft 


Suburban Counties 




























Over 100,000 




























74 counties, population 
17,906,000: 
Number of offenses 




























known 


672,172 
3764.1 


489,811 
2736.6 


44,170 
246.7 


446,641 
2488.9 


929 
8.2 


423 

2.4 


3,466 
19.3 


16,032 
84.0 


24,764 
138.3 


206,864 
1149. 7 


179, 395 
1001.9 


181,938 
1016. 1 




Kate 


60, 392 
337.3 


te,000 to 100,000 




























164 counties, population 
8,634,000: 
Number of offenses 




























known 

Rate 


201,260 
2331.1 


164,606 
1790. 7 


14,276 
166.4 


140, 330 
1626. 4 


400 
4.6 


361 
4.1 


1,663 
18.1 


3,273 
37.9 


9,040 
104.7 


70,638 
818.2 


67,028 
660.6 


46,303 
636.3 


12,664 
146.7 


10,000 tote, 000 




























67 counties, population 
1,070,000: 
Number of offenses 




























known 


20,292 
1896.2 


16,834 
1673. 


1,716 
160.3 


16,118 
1412. 7 


70 
6.6 


126 
11.8 


199 
18.6 


331 

30.9 


1,116 
104.3 


8,064 
752.6 


6,804 
642.3 


3,332 
311.4 




Rate 


1,260 




117.7 


Noasubiirban Counties 




























tS,000 to 100,000 




























181 counties, population 
7,016,000: 
Number of offenses 




























known 


113, 164 
1612. 9 


86,771 
1236.9 


9,848 
140.4 


76,923 
1096.6 


397 
6.7 


122 
1.7 


818 
11.7 


1,191 
17.0 


7,442 
106.1 


40,233 
673.6 


31,888 
464.5 


26,261 
374.3 




Rate 


4,802 




68.4 


10,000 to tS,000 




























617 counties, population 
8,073,000: 
Number of offenses 




























known 


106,667 
1308.7 


84,260 
1043.7 


9,678 
118.6 


74,682 
926.1 


492 
6.1 


171 
2.1 


827 
10.2 


991 
12.3 


7,268 
90.0 


40,286 
499.0 


30,023 
371.9 


21,226 
262.9 




Rate -- --- 


4,374 




54.2 


Under 10,000 




























705 counties, population 
3,912,000: 
Number of offenses 




























known 


64,000 
1380.4 


43,126 
1102.4 


4,239 
108.4 


38,886 
994.1 


219 
6.6 


79 
2.0 


427 
10.9 


369 
9.2 


3,234 

82 7 


19,838 
607.1 


16, 766 
403.0 


10,796 
276.0 


3,283 
83.9 


Rate — 





' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
' Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny $60 and over, and auto theft. 



103 



Table 12. — Offenses Known and Percent Cleared by Arrest, 1971, by Population Groups 

[1971 estimated population] 





Grand 
total 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent 
crime • 


Property 
crime » 


Criminal homicide 


Forci- 
ble rape 


Rob- 
bery 




Bur- 


Larceny— theft 




Population group 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
siaug liter 


Man- 
slaughter 
by 
negU- 
gence 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


glary- 

break- 

ing or 

entering 


Total 


$50 and 
over 


Auto 

theft 


TOTAL CITIES 

4 ,500 cities; lotal population 
104,825,000: 


5,377,735 
20.9 


3,600,062 
19.7 


473,126 
46.5 


3,126,936 
15.7 


10,219 
83.9 


3,976 
82.8 


24,057 
54.9 


235,315 
27.5 


203,535 
65.8 


1,392,197 


2,894,808 


1,121,111 
11.4 


613,628 


Percent cleared by arrest- 


18.8 18.6 


16.3 


OBOCP I 

61 cities over 260,000; total 
population 30,622,000: 


2,144,469 
22.2 

621,259 
24.5 

996,422 
22.4 

626, 788 
19.8 

799, 177 
20.1 


1, 528, 680 
21.6 

374, 258 
22.9 

729,386 
22.7 

425,036 
18.7 

646,919 
18.9 


276, 696 
42.4 

89,284 
39.1 

128, 695 
43.7 

58,617 
44.9 

62,634 
60.0 


1, 262, 084 
17.0 

284,974 
17.9 

600,691 
18.2 

366, 419 
14.6 

484,285 
14.8 


6,057 
82.0 

2,139 
81.9 

2,693 
82.3 

1,225 
81.6 

1,381 

87.7 


1,921 
81.1 

455 
91.6 

853 
82.2 

613 

71.8 

626 
76.8 


13,626 
66.1 

3,478 
53.1 

7,034 
58.1 

3,114 
60.6 

3,393 

64.6 


161,816 
27.0 

59, 136 
27.1 

70,799 
27.4 

31,882 
26.0 

27,977 
28.2 


96,097 
64.4 

24,632 
62.2 

48,169 
63.3 

22,396 
68.9 

29,883 
68.2 


683,190 
20.4 

137,049 
18.7 

269, 402 
23.3 

176, 739 
17.4 

221,916 
18.9 


959, 203 
19.4 

205,880 
24.8 

443,247 
17.8 

310,076 
18.2 

420,848 
17.6 


345,335 
12.4 

59,334 
16.3 

177,064 
12.0 

108,937 
11.1 

169,216 
10.3 


323, 559 


Percent cleared by arrest. 
4 cities over 1,000,000; total 
population 8,129,000: 


16.8 
88,691 


Percent cleared by arrest. 
21 cities, 600,000 to 1,000,000; 
total population 13,491,000: 


17.6 
164,225 


Percent cleared by arrest. 
26 cities, 260,000 to 600,000; 
total population 9,002,000: 


16.3 
80, 743 


Percent cleared by arrest . 

GBOUP n 

87 cities, 100,000 to 260,000; 
total population 12,612,000: 


13.1 
93, 153 


Percent cleared by arrest. 


13.6 



See footnotes at end of table. 



104 



Table 12 


. — Offenses Known and Percent Cleared by Arrest, 


1971, 


>y Population Groups— 


-Continued 






Grand 
total 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent 
crime ' 


Property 
crime 3 


Criminal homicide 


Forci- 
ble rape 


Bob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
entering 


Larceny— theft 




Population group 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 

negli- 
gence 


Total 


$60 and 
over 


Auto 
theft 


Gkoup in 




























228 cities, 60,000 to 100,000; 
total population 16,019,000: 
Offenses known 


768,302 
20.1 


487,692 
18.4 


46,433 
60.6 


442, 169 
16.1 


934 
87.8 


496 
87.7 


2,622 
64.7 


18,646 
28.8 


23,331 

66.1 


187,820 
17.6 


461,667 
18.6 


181,443 
11.9 




Percent cleared by arrest. 


72,896 
16.5 


Geoup IV 




























456 cities, 26,000 to 60,000; 
total population 16,860,000: 
Offenses known.. 


678,493 
19.6 


435,030 
16.7 


37,350 
48.6 


397,680 
13.7 


769 
84.1 


412 
86.0 


1,877 
62.3 


14,564 
27.6 


20,140 
62.2 


162,279 
16.4 


417,798 
18.7 


174,746 
10.4 




Percent cleared by arrest. 


60,656 
16.9 


Group v 




























1,127 cities, 10,000 to 26,000; 
total population 17,768,000: 
Offenses known . 


640,427 
19.8 


387,656 
18.2 


32,133 
66.7 


366,423 
14.7 


673 
88.9 


360 
89.7 


1,686 
64.4 


8,729 
29.4 


21,046 
67.2 


162, 207 
17.3 


412,723 
17.7 


160,212 
10.7 




Percent cleared by arrest. 


43,004 
20.4 


Geoup ti 




























2,662 cities, under 10,000; total 
population 11,944,000: 
Offenses known.. 


346, 867 
21.0 


214, 286 
20.1 


18,980 
64.1 


196,306 
16.8 


406 
82.2 


161 
90.1 


964 
59.7 


3,683 
30.2 


14,038 
72.6 


84,786 
18.0 


222,681 
17.9 


90,160 
11.3 




Percent cleared by arrest. 


26.9 


SubuebanAeea 3 




























2,480 agencies, total popula- 
tion 51,933,000: 
Offenses known.. 


1,734,216 
18.0 


1,175,680 
16.6 


94,161 
48.7 


1,081,619 
13.8 


1,968 
81.4 


1,703 
76.0 


6,653 
51.0 


32,920 
27.7 


62,630 
60.3 


467, 972 
16.6 


1,021,622 
16.9 


464,690 
10.2 




Percent cleared by arrest. 


16.6 


RUEAL Akea 




























1,488 agencies; total popula- 
tion 22,436,000: 
Offenses known . 


307,084 
26.0 


243,361 
25.5 


23,766 
72.1 


219,606 
20.4 


1,203 
83.9 


1,494 
66.1 


2,264 
69.7 


3,261 
46.2 


17,038 
76.6 


119,318 
20.8 


146, 702 
18.8 


83,473 
16.5 




Percent cleared by arrest. 


37.6 



< Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 

2 Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny $60 and over, and auto theft. 

3 Includes suburban, city, and county police agencies within metropolitan areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban cities are also included in other city groups. 



105 



472-311 0-72-1 



Table 13— Offenses Known and Percenf Cleared by Arre%t, 1971, by Geographic Divisions 

(1971 estimated population] 



Geographic division 



Grand 
total 



TOTAL ALL DIVISIONS 

4,600 dtlea; total population 
104,825,000: 

OfTenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest. 

NEW ENGLAND STATES 

355 Cities; total population 
8,806,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest 

UIDDIE ATLANTIC STATES 

973 cities; total population 
17,946,000: 

Offenses known.. 

Percent cleared by arrest. 

EAST NOETH CENTKAL STATES 

1,003 Cities; total population 

26,937,000: 

Offenses known — 

Percent cleared by arrest. 



5,377,735 
20.9 



Crime 
Index 
total 



3,600,062 
19.7 



WEST NOETH CENTEAL STATES 

484 cities; total population 
8,813,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by 
arrest 



386, 775 
17.3 



667, 503 
18.0 



1, 340, 832 
21.3 



433, 648 



291, 897 
16.9 



479,926 
17.5 



873, 493 
19.4 



262, 606 
21.6 



Violent 
crime ' 



473, 126 
46.5 



Property 
crime " 



Criminal homicide 



Murder Man- 



and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



22,155 
48.6 



62,291 
41.8 



135,929 
40.2 



28,684 
49.0 



3, 126, 936 
15.7 



269, 742 
14.3 



417, 635 
13.8 



737, 664 
16.6 



233,922 
18.2 



10, 219 
83.9 



328 

77.4 



1,199 
84.8 



2,833 
80.1 



562 
87.0 



slaughter 
by 
negli- 
gence 



3,976 



Forcl- Rob- 
bie rape bery 



228 
73.2 



596 
82.7 



794 

88.4 



249 
74.7 



24,057 
54.9 



995 
60.0 



2,547 
56 7 



6,369 
62.4 



1.929 
69.1 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



203,535 
65.8 



10,971 9,861 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
entering 



Larceny— theft 



Total 



$50 and 
over 



31.6 



36, 910 
25.6 



79,683 
25.1 



13,374 

27.8 



65.4 



22,636 
63.7 



47,054 
61.9 



12,719 
68.0 



HI, 199 
16.6 



181, 561 
17.3 



317, 807 
18.6 



101,371 

21.7 



176, 527 
16.4 



330,683 
15.3 



725, 841 
20.2 



269, 674 
19.2 



Auto 
theft 



,121,111 
11.4 



81, 877 
12.0 



259, 296 
11.9 



8,881 
12.4 



76,666 
13.5 



143,702 92,372 
10. 3 12. 6 



160,461 
15.3 



43,670 
21.6 



See footnotes at end of table. 



106 



Table 1 3.— Offenses Known and Percent Cleared by Arrest, 1971, by Geographic Divisions— Continued 



Geographic Division 



SOUTH ATLANTIC STATES 

647 cities; total population 
11,726,000: 

Offenses known , 

Percent cleared by 
arrest _ 



EAST SOUTH CENTRAL 
STATES 

260 cities; total population 
4,820,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by 
arrest 



WEST SOUTH CENTRAL 
STATES 

318 cities; total population 
11,236,000: 

Offenses known _. 

Percent cleared by 
arrest 



MOUNTAIN STATES 

213 cities; total population 
4,803,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by 
arrest __ 



PACIFIC STATES 

347 cities; total population 
10,740,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by 
arrest ___ 



Grand 
total 



700,084 
22.6 



191, 297 
20.8 



672,688 
24.2 



320,229 
21.2 



764, 779 
19.7 



Crime 
Index 
total 



482, 708 
22.2 



144,302 
19.8 



380,364 

22.9 



197, 369 
18.3 



487,617 
18.8 



Violent 
crime 



84,698 
48.9 



18,968 
60.2 



62,864 
66.6 



18,986 
62.6 



48, 672 
46.4 



Property 
crime 2 



398,010 
16.6 



126,344 
13.7 



327,600 
17.7 



178,374 
14.6 



438,845 
16.8 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 
by 
negli- 
gence 



2,110 


671 


88.6 


90 6 


687 


266 


91.6 


74.6 


1,603 


696 


87.4 


88.3 


338 


230 


83.7 


77.8 


709 


466 


79.0 


72.6 



Forci 
ble rape 



3,661 
60.4 



1,019 
66.2 



3,000 
69.3 



1,424 
48.6 



3,233 

46.8 



Rob- 
bery 



38,291 
28.0 



6,337 

27.8 



19,184 
32.6 



6,692 
36.0 



24,873 
28.7 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



40,746 
66.6 



10,966 

77.6 



29,167 
68.6 



10,631 
62.5 



19,867 
67.4 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
entering 



189, 498 
18.7 



Larceny— theft 



Total 



68,730 
16.7 



168,741 
20.2 



76,786 
18.8 



197, 606 
20.4 



366,660 
18.6 



90,780 
17.1 



302,161 
22.1 



197, 906 
19.2 



446,677 
16.8 



$50 and 
over 



148,865 
12.1 



44,041 
10.0 



110,423 
14.3 



76,266 
8.4 



168,771 
9.8 



Auto 
theft 



69,657 
20.6 



22,673 
15.7 



68,336 
17.3 



27,324 
20.2 



72,569 
17.0 



' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
2 Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny $60 and over, and auto theft. 



107 



Table 14— Offenses Cleared, 1971, by Arrest of Persons Urider 18 Years of Age 

IPercent oJ total cleared; 1971 estimated population] 



Population group 



TOTAL CITIES 

4,369 dUea; total population 
97,931,000: 

Total cleanmces 

Percent under 18 



Grand 
total 



Crime 
Index 
total 



Violent 
crime ' 



1,019,157 
33.4 



QBOUP I 

48 cities over 260,000; total 
population 26,203,000: 

Total clearances 

Percent under 18 

3 cities over 1,000,000; total 
population 4,772,000; 

Total clearances 

Percent under 18 

20 cities, 600,000 to 1,000,000; 
total population 12,792,000: 

Total clearances 

Percent under 18.- 

26 cities, 260,000 to 600,000; 
total population 8,639,000: 

Total clearances 

Percent under 18 



OEOtJP u 

86 cities, 100,000 to 250,000; 
total population 12,318,000 

Total clearances 

Percent under 18-- 



GROUP HI 

218 cities, 60,000 to 100,000; 

total population 

16,306,000: 

Total clearances 147,280 

Percent under 18 36.6 

See footnotes at end of table. 



396, 771 
27.8 



3,883 
20.9 



214, 848 
27.0 



118,040 
33.0 



154, 025 
31.7 



640,701 
27.7 



278,936 
23.9 



46,663 
17.7 



157, 192 
23.6 



76,081 
28.6 



99,478 
27.1 



Property 
crime ' 



Criminal homicide 



192,915 
13.1 



94,477 
13.6 



17, 272 
12.9 



62, 814 
14.1 



24,391 
12.6 



30,746 
12.6 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



84,363 
30.2 



447,786 
34.0 



184,459 
29.3 



29,391 
20.5 



104, 378 
28.3 



50,690 
36.4 



68,733 
33.6 



21,567 
13.7 



62,796 
36.8 



Man- 
slaughter 
hy 
negli- 
gence 



Forci- 
ble rape 



7,580 
6.4 



4,100 

6.6 



1,013 
6.4 



2,148 
6.1 



939 
6.4 



1,176 
6.0 



783 
3.6 



2,944 
6.5 



1,271 
4.4 



Rob- 
bery 



165 
6.1 



3.9 



413 
4.6 



11,810 
12.9 



6,354 
11.6 



1,008 
12.1 



3,823 
10.7 



1,523 
13.7 



Aggra- 
vated 
as!»ult 



Bur- 
glary— 
break- 
ing or 
entering 



Larceny— theft 



Total 



421 
6.2 



52,772 
20.4 



32,692 
20.6 



6,873 

16.7 



17,908 
22.3 



120,753 
10.5 



51,331 



8,378 
11.5 



28,935 
10.1 



241,833 
34.6 



458 1, 761 
6. 8 12. 7 



1,310 
13.8 



7,911 14,018 
20. 4 8. 6 



7,726 
18.7 



6,026 
20.9 



492,742 
39.8 



$60 and 
over 



Auto 
theft 



105, 307 163, 081 
29.0 34.0 



20,082 
10.7 



14,449 
11.7 



16,673 
20.8 



26.9 



117,230 
28.6 



69, 994 77, 296 
27. 8 32. 9 



29,740 
36.7 



19,911 
31.7 



70, 757 
37.1 



31,190 
37.9 



82,831 
41.6 



36, 617 
23.6 



22, 363 6, 308 8, 510 



88,723 
39.6 



42,635 
34.8 



17.4 



20,333 

22.1 



53, 422 10, 876 
38. 6 29. 4 



16,668 
26.2 



21.8 



24,061 
34.8 



10, 074 
46.7 



12,154 
60.3 



20,336 11,271 
29. 3 41. 9 



108 



Table 14.— Offenses Cleared, 1971, by Arrest of Persons Under 78 Veors oMge— Continued 





Grand 
total 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent 
crime > 


Property 
crime ' 


Criminal homicide 


Forci- 
ble rape 


Rob- 
bery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Bur- 
break- 
ing or 
entering 


Larceny— theft 




Population group 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 
by 
negli- 
gence 


Total 


$60 and 
over 


Auto 
theft 


QEOUP rv 




























437 cities, 26,000 to 60,000; 




























total population 




























16,262,000: 




























Total clearances 


127,380 
38.7 


68,676 
32.3 


17,134 
13.7 


61,442 
38.4 


612 

4.7 


333 

6.6 


936 
16.6 


3,776 
23.1 


11,811 
10.9 


26,067 
40.7 


76,819 
43.2 


17,348 
32.2 




Percent under 18 


9,027 
44.1 


GEOUP V 




























l,093citles,10,000to26,000; 




























total population 




























17,236,000: 




























Total clearances 


123,243 
40.3 


67,967 
32.6 


17,360 
12.1 


60,607 
39.6 


687 
6.6 


320 

6.6 


896 
16.0 


2,613 

20.6 


13,364 
10.8 


26,697 
44.8 


71,441 
46.7 


16,486 
31.1 




Percent under 18 


8,426 
40.6 


GEOUP VI 




























2,488 cities, under 10,000; 




























total population 




























11,608,000: 




























Total clearances 


70,468 
40.6 


41,381 
34.0 


11,632 
11.4 


29,749 
42.9 


322 
6.6 


141 

7.1 


664 
16.0 


1,040 
18.6 


9,716 
10.6 


14,661 
47.3 


38,813 

46.9 


9,877 
37.8 




Percent under 18 


6,211 
40.2 


SUBUEBAN AREA' 




























2,406 agencies; total popula- 




























tion 49,617,000: 




























Total clearances 


297,318 
37.1 


184, 142 
31.6 


43,146 
13.7 


140,996 
37.1 


1,602 
6.4 


1,239 
6.7 


3,168 
12.3 


8,670 
20.4 


29,906 
12.3 


72,863 
39.6 


166, 676 
42.2 


44,738 
31.2 




Percent under 18 


23,406 
41.1 


EnEAL AEEA 




























1,422 agencies; total popula- 




























tion 21,124,000: 




























Total clearances 

Percent under 18 


71,398 
26.0 


67,708 
23.9 


16,621 
8.1 


42,087 
29.7 


922 
6.9 


968 
3.9 


1,460 
11.7 


1,400 
12.6 


11,839 
7.3 


23,202 
33.6 


26,661 
26.2 


12,829 
20.7 


6,066 
34.1 



1 Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 

2 Property crime is oflenses of burglary, larceny $60 and over, and auto theft. 

a Includes suburban, city, and county poUce agencies within metropoUtan areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban cities are also Included In other city groups. 



109 



Table 15. — Disposition of Persons Formally Charged by the Police/ 1971 

[2,990 cities: 1971 population 63,269,000] 



Offense 



Total.. 



Criminal homicide: 

(o) Murder and nonnegligent manslaugliter. 

(6) Manslaughter by negUgence -. 

Forcible rape 

Robbery - 

Aggravated assault --- - 

Burglsory— breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Auto thelt 



Charged 

(held for 

prosecution) 



Guilty 



Offense 
charged 



2,261,647 



Violent crime >... 
Property crime 2.. 



Subtotal for above offenses.. 



Other assaults 

Arson - - — 

Forgery and counterfeiting --- 

Fraud - - - 

Embezzlement -- 

Stolen property; buyuig, receiving, possessing.. 
Vandalism - - 



Weapons; canying, possesshig, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution). 

Narcotic drug laws - 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 



Liquorlaws 

Drunkenness.- 

Disorderly conduct- 
Vagrancy 

All other offenses 



1 Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
' Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



2,966 
790 
4,291 
21,649 
36, 807 
93, 627 
207,737 
39,682 



66,603 
341, 046 



407, 439 



117. 723 
2,871 

11,682 
28,323 
1,808 
21, 713 
34,618 

33,618 
10, 941 
16,903 

100, 626 
22,988 
18,628 

174, 923 

106, 427 

639. 724 
163, 166 

24,662 
326,268 



60.7 



Lesser 
offense 



38.5 
33.7 
27.0 
20.2 
34.7 
22.8 
49.8 
16.9 



29.6 
38.6 



37.1 



43.6 
16.7 
63.6 
62.0 
61.7 
35.0 
22.8 

64.4 
64.7 
48.6 
41.6 
67.1 
61.6 
73.7 

64.5 
90.1 
60.8 
68.0 
47.9 



4.0 



19.7 

14.2 

13.3 

11.3 

13.9 

7.9 

4.6 

6.4 



Acquitted or 
dismissed 



13.2 
5.6 



3.9 
6.5 
11.3 
4.0 
7.9 
7.1 
1.9 

7.9 
2.3 
8.2 
6.6 
2.2 
3.8 
17.8 

1.2 
.3 
1.6 
1.1 
1.7 



16.8 



28.9 
43.0 
36.1 
26.4 
31.4 
13.6 
16.2 
14.0 



29.6 
16.2 



Referred to 

juvenile 

court 



17.6 



39.6 
16.3 
22.9 
31.1 
23.6 
23.7 
20.4 

23.8 
30.6 
23.2 
26.4 
29.6 
31.7 
7.7 

11.6 

7.8 
28.5 
24.6 
16.9 



18.6 



12.8 
9.1 
23.6 
43.1 
20.1 
65.8 
29.4 
63.7 



27.6 
40.6 



38.6 



12.9 
61.6 
12.1 
3.0 
6.9 
34.3 
55.0 

13.9 
2.4 

20.0 

26.6 
1.2 

13.1 
.9 

22.7 
1.8 

19.1 
6.4 

33.4 



110 



Table 1 6. — Persons Charged — Perceitt Arrested or Summoned — 1971 

11,056 cities; 1971 estimated population 24,966,000) 



Offense 


Number of 
persons 
charged 


Percent of charged 




Arrested 


Summoned 


Total 


917,064 


84.9 








Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegllgent manslaugliter 


778 

468 

1,931 

12,078 

16,909 

44,781 

120, 972 

18,900 


92.7 
84.0 
93.9 
96.9 
86.3 
88.0 
77.7 
90.6 


7.3 
16.0 

6.1 

3.1 
14.7 
12.0 
22.3 

9.6 


(W Manslaugliter by negligence 


Forcible rape 


Robbery.. 




Burglary— breaking or entering 


Larceny — theft 


Autotheft 






31,696 
184,653 


90.4 
81.6 


9.6 
18.6 


Property crime 




Subtotal for above offenses 


216,804 


82.8 


17.2 




Other assaults 


41,306 
1,649 
6,960 

14,666 
969 

12,603 

17,688 

13,667 
6,086 
6,732 

59,641 
4,221 
8,678 

42,629 

47,806 
184, 721 

66,059 

6,641 

168,060 


77.7 
83.4 
90.1 
76.4 
74.8 
91.4 
71.9 

96.7 
99.2 
86.3 
94.9 
84.1 
64.0 
91.1 

69.0 
96.6 
82.2 
89.6 
77.8 


22.3 
16.6 

9.9 
23.6 
26.2 

8.6 
28.1 

3.3 

.8 

13 7 


Arson 


Forgery and counterfeiting 


Fraud 


Embezzlement 




Vandalism 


Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 




Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 


Narcotic drug laws 


6.1 
16.9 
36 


Gambling 




Driving under the influence 




Liquor laws 




Drunkenness 




Disorderly conduct 


17 8 






All other offenses 









Table 1 7. — Offenses Known, Cleared; Persons Arrested, Charged, and Disposed of in 1971 

[2,699 cities; 1971 estimated population 89,328,000] 



Type 



Offenses known 

Offenses cleared 

Percent cleared 

TOTAL ARRESTS 

Per 100 offenses 

Arrests under 18 

Per 100 offenses 

Persons charged 

Per 100 offenses 

Persons guilty as charged 

Per 100 offenses 

Persons guilty of lesser offenses 

Per 100 offenses 

Persons acquitted or dismissed 

Per 100 offenses. 

Juveniles referred to juvenile court. 
Per 100 offenses 



TOTAL 



2,928,865 

674,594 

19.6 



S60,6S2 

19.1 

273,377 

9.3 

609,764 

17.4 

141,726 

4.8 

26,173 

.9 

67,673 

2.3 

147,884 

5.0 



Violent ' 
crime 



229, 214 

102, 336 

44.6 



91,351 

39.9 

21, 718 

9.5 

85,880 

37.6 

18,021 

7.9 

8,261 

3.6 

18, 556 

8.1 

17,066 

7.4 



Property 
crime 



2, 699, 661 

472, 258 

17.5 



469, 301 

17.4 

261,659 

9.3 

423,884 

15.7 

123, 705 

4.6 

17, 912 

.7 

49, 018 

1.8 

130, 818 

4.8 



Murder and 
nonnegll- 
gent man- 
slaughter 



4,723 
3,906 
82.7 



Forcible 
rape 



11,784 

6,635 

55.5 



Robbery 



145, 782 

28,459 

24.6 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



96,925 

63,437 

68.4 



Burglary— 
brealdng 

or 
entering 



758, 856 

136, 734 

17.9 



Larceny- 
theft 



1, 612, 956 

286, 629 

17.8 



4,818 

102.0 

604 

10.7 

4,630 

96.9 

1,081 

22.9 

668 

12.0 

829 

17.6 

370 

7.8 



6,678 


33,111 


47,744 


48.2 


28.6 


49.3 


1,256 


11,042 


8,917 


10.7 


9.5 


9.2 


6,331 


31,081 


44,938 


46.2 


26.8 


46.4 


1,079 


4,111 


11,760 


9.2 


3.6 


12.1 


646 


2,336 


4,812 


4.6 


2.0 


8.0 


1,480 


6,206 


11,040 


12.6 


4.6 


11.4 


971 


8,787 


6,938 


8.2 


7.6 


7.2 



117, 965 

15.6 

64,289 

8.6 

107,889 

14.2 

19,844 

2.6 

6,999 

.9 

11, 973 

1.6 

48,828 

6.4 



302, 716 

18.8 

157, 918 

9.8 

270, 741 

16.8 

97,606 

6.0 

8,874 

.6 

31, 767 

2.0 

68,200 

3.6 



' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
' Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny, and auto theft. 



Auto 
theft 



327, 840 

49,895 

16.2 



48,621 

14.8 

29, 452 

9.0 

45, 264 

13.8 

6,355 

1.9 

2,039 

.6 

6,278 

1.6 

23,790 

7.3 



HI 



Table 18. — Police Disposifion of Juvenile Offenders Taken Info Custody, 1971 

[1971 estimated population] 



Population group 



TOTAL, ALL AGENCIES 



4,030 agendes; total population 102,918,000: 

Number 

Percent 2 - 



TOTAL CITIES 



3,166 agencies; total population 77,617,000: 

Number 

Percent - 



GKOUF I 



38 cities over 260,000; population 21,236,000: 

Numljer 

Percent 



GROUP n 



70 cities, 100,000 to 250,000; population 10,078,000; 

Number 

Percent 



OEOUP m 



180 cities, 60,000 to 100,000; population 12,614,000: 

Number 

Percent - - - 



GEODP IV 

348 cities, 26,000 to 50,000; population 12,238,000: 

Number.- - -- 

Percent - 



GBOTJP V 

826 cities, 10,000 to 26,000; population 13,101,000: 

Number- - 

Percent - 



GBOUP VI 

1,706 cities, under 10,000; population 8,260,000; 

Number --- 

Percent 



SUBtTBBAN AREA* 



1,760 agencies; population 35,942,000: 

Number - 

Percent --- 



BtmAL ABEA 



718 agencies; population 11,326,000: 

Number 

Percent -- 



Total > 



1,265,123 
100.0 



Handled 
within de- 
partment 
and released 



1,068,326 
100.0 



277, 973 
100.0 



143, 435 
100.0 



193, 340 
100.0 



174,879 
100.0 



174,869 
100.0 



103,840 
100.0 



439,669 
100.0 



47,853 
100.0 



565,852 
45.1 



Referred to 

juvenile 

court jmis- 

diction 



494, 084 
46.2 



109, 113 
39.3 



61, 275 
42.7 



98, 519 
61.0 



86, 765 
49.6 



627,744 
50.0 



527, 997 
49.4 



Beferred to 
welfare 
agency 



19,754 
1.6 



14, 105 
1.3 



87,694 
50.2 



50,718 
48.8 



223, 985 
50.9 



16,222 
31.8 



161, 265 
68.0 



76,744 
63.5 



86,444 
44.7 



77,842 
44.5 



78,630 
44.9 



47, 172 
45.4 



190,284 
43.3 



27,397 
57.3 



1.3 



1,916 
1.3 



2,383 
1.2 



3,256 
1.9 



Referred to 

other police 

agency 



1.0 



7,733 
1.8 



1,356 
2.8 



30,219 
2.4 



22, 665 
2.1 



2,730 
1.0 



2,724 
1.9 



4,834 
2.6 



4,841 
2.8 



4,566 
2.6 



2,970 
2.9 



13,924 
3.2 



2,232 
4.7 



Referred to 
criminal or 
adult court 



3.4 



1 Includes all offenses except traffic and neglect cases. 

s Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. . , . j. »v, ,„ ,„. 

3 Includes suburban, city, and county poUce agencies within metropoUtan areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban cities also included in other city groups. 



112 



Tobic 19.— Offense Analysis 1971— Percent Distribution, Average Value, and Percent Change Over 1970 

[1,868 cities, 2,600 and over in population; 1971 estimated population 92,036,000] 



Classification 


Number 
of offenses 


Percent 

change over 

1970 


Percent 
distribution ' 


Average 
value 


ROBBERY 

Total 


315,441 


+9.6 


100.0 






226 


Highway 


172,661 
60, 666 
11,817 
10, 942 
40, 179 
1,813 
27,473 


+8.9 
+7.7 
-6.6 
+14.9 
+21.1 
+12.7 
+ 14.8 


64.7 
16.0 
3.7 
3.6 
12.7 
.6 
8.7 




Commercial house 


160 


Gas or service station 


331 


Chain store _ 


120 


Residence 


332 


Bank'... 


227 


Miscellaneous.. 


4,463 




173 


BURGLARY— BREAKING OR ENTERING 

Total 


1,4S9.09S 


+9.9 


100.0 






312 


Residence (dwelling) : 

Night 


410, 243 
467,893 

499, 106 
81,863 


+19.6 
+14.2 

+1.0 
+1.6 


28.1 
32.1 

34.2 
6.6 




Day 




Nonresidence (store, oflicc, etc.): 




Day 








LARCENT-^HEFT (EXCEPT AUTO THEFT) 

Total 


2,722.038 


+3.6 


100.0 








Pocket-picking 


36,908 
86, 321 
267,302 
506, 621 
613, 787 
469,308 
462,022 
38,917 
361, 862 


-6.1 

+6.8 
+ 10.6 
-2.7 
-6.6 
+21.4 
+2.1 
-4.3 
+6.8 


1.4 
3.2 

9.8 
18.6 
18.9 
17.2 
16.6 

1.4 
12.9 






60 


Shoplifting 


From autos (except accessories) 


149 
67 


Auto accessories 


Bicycles 


From buildings 




From coin-operated machines 


32 


All others,. 






By value: 

$60 and over 


1, 119, 635 
1,602,603 


+6.1 
+2.7 


41.1 
68.9 


246 
16 

933 


Under $60 


Autotheft 











' Because of rounding the percentages may not add to total. 

2 For total U.S., bank robbery increased from 2,331 offenses in 1970 to 2,686 in 1971 or 10.9 percent. 



Table 20. — Type and Value of Property Stolen and Recovered, 1971 

[1,866 cities 2,600 and over; 1971 estimated population 83,426,000] 



Type of property 


Value of 


property 


Percent 




Stolen 


Recovered 


recovered 


Total... 


$1,230,759,440 


$483,902,464 


39 




Currency, notes, etc . 


112.829,600 

91,131,671 

8, 696, 390 

37,432,298 

644, 701, 431 

436,069,160 


11,081,682 

6, 772, 103 

488,490 

4,668,712 

406, 010, 602 

66,980,976 


10 
7 
6 
12 
74 
13 


Jeweh-y and precious metals... ,. 


Furs 


Clothing. 


Locally stolen automobiles.. 


Miscellaneous... 





113 



Table i^.— Murder Victims— Weapons Used, 1971 



Age 



Total... 
Percent. 



Infant (under 1) . 

1-4 

8-9 

10-14 

15-19 

20-24 

25-29 

30-34 

35-39 

40-44 

45-49 

60-54 

56-59 

60-64 

65-69 

70-74 

75 and over 

Unknown 



Number 



16,183 
100.0 



Weapons 



Gun 



10,712 
66.2 

7 

33 

62 

123 

1,024 

1,900 

1,769 

1,278 

1,138 

917 

769 

657 

394 

273 

172 

86 

70 

160 



Cutttng 

or 
stabbing 



3,017 
18.6 

3 

7 

16 

38 

264 

489 

435 

326 

316 

287 

253 

182 

113 

97 

64 

44 

37 

46 



Blunt 
object 
(dub, 
hammer, 
etc.) 



645 
4.0 



Personal 
weapons 
(strangu- 
lations and 
beatings) 



1,295 
8.0 



67 
180 
29 
34 
64 
111 
76 
81 
70 
101 
74 
81 
66 
58 
48 
57 
96 
12 



Poison 



13 
0.1 



Explosives 



13 
0.1 



Other 
(drownings, 
arson, etc.) 



314 
1.9 



Unknown 
and not 
stated 



174 
1.1 

3 

17 
1 
6 
10 
19 
12 
7 
17 
14 
3 
20 



2 
14 

7 





Table 22.- 


-Murder Victims by Age, Sex, and Race, 


1971 










Number 


Percent 


Sex 


Race 


Age 


Male 


Female 


White 


Negro 


Indian 


Chinese 


Japanese 


AU others 


Total. 


16,183 




12,730 

78.7 


3,453 
21.3 


7,103 
43.9 


8,830 
54.6 


84 
0.5 


50 
0.3 


5 


111 

0.7 


Percent 


1100.0 






100 

320 

129 

220 

1,422 

2,616 

2,360 

1,768 

1,616 

1,396 

1,164 

913 

622 

487 

331 

217 

266 

236 


.6 

2.0 

.8 

1.4 

8.8 

16.2 

14.6 

10.9 

10.0 

8.6 

7.2 

6.6 

3.8 

3.0 

2.0 

1.3 

1.6 

1.6 


48 

171 

78 

136 

1,131 

2,137 

1.933 

1,410 

1,289 

1,112 

931 

740 

496 

376 

269 


52 
149 

61 

84 
291 
479 
427 
358 
327 
284 
233 
173 
127 
111 

72 


60 
186 

80 
113 
542 
990 
908 
701 
616 
609 
519 
470 
352 
298 
217 
140 
206 

96 


39 

126 

48 

107 

863 

1,679 

1,419 

1,038 

973 

771 

632 

435 

261 

184 

107 

73 

69 

117 








1 




1 


2 

1 




6 




1-4 






6-9 








10-14 


4 

15 

14 

12 

13 

7 

6 

3 

6 


4 

9 
6 
7 
5 
6 
1 
3 




g 


15-19 


1 


22 


20-24 


25-29 






30-34 


2 


7 
4 


36-39 


4(V-44 _ 


2 


4 


46-49 


50-54 




3 


Bb-b9 


3 
2 
1 




2 


60-64 


1 
1 

1 






66-69 






70-74 


149 68 
160 116 
185 61 






76 and over 


1 




22 














1 







' Because of rounding the percentages may not add to total. 



114 



Arrest Data 



Tables in the following section provide certain 
personal characteristics of individuals arrested for 
all criminal acts. Arrest rates and trends are shown 
for city, suburban, and rural areas, as well as the 
United States as a whole. Tabulations are pub- 
lished containing characteristics of persons ar- 
rested by age, sex, and race. 

Arrest statistics are collected annually from 
contributing law enforcement agencies and the 
figures used in the tables this year were submitted 
by agencies representing 75 percent of the United 
States population. In using these arrest figures it 
is important to remember that the same person 
may be arrested several times during one year for 
the same type or for different offenses. Each arrest 
is counted. Further, the arrest of one person may 
solve several crimes and, in other instances, two 



or more persons may be arrested during the solu- 
tion of one crime. 

Arrests are primarily a measure of police activity, 
as it relates to crime. Although police arrest 
practices vary, particularly with respect to juve- 
niles, contributors to this Program are instructed 
to count one arrest each time an individual is taken 
into custody for committing a specific crime. A 
juvenile is counted as a person arrested when he 
commits an offense and the circumstances are such 
that if the offender were an adult, an arrest would 
be made. 

Arrest data, while primarily a measure of law 
enforcement activity, is also a gauge of criminal- 
ity when used within its limitations, as must be 
done with all forms of criminal statistics, including 
court and penaJ. 



Toble iZ.— Total Estimated Arrests/ Uhited States, 1971 



Total*. 



Criminal homicide: 

Murder and nonnegUgent manslaughter. 

Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary-breaking or entering 

Larceny-theft 

Autotheft 



Violent crime... 
Property crime.. 



Subtotal for above offenses. 



8,639,700 



17,090 
3,690 

20,120 
113, 360 
172, 490 
396, 600 
828, 200 
167, 100 



323,060 
1, 380, 900 



1, 707, 600 



other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness.. 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traflBc) 

Suspicion 

Curiew and loitering law violations 

Runaways 



377, 000 
13, 800 
67,400 

129, 100 
10, 600 
92, 300 

166, 300 

136, 000 
66, 100 
61, 300 

492, 000 
93, 300 
78, 000 

644,100 

318, 600 
., 804, 900 

760, ODD 

91, 600 

, 112, 600 

64,900 

126, 600 

269,000 



' Arrest totals based on all reporting agencies and estimates for unreported 
areas. 



' Because of rounding items may not add to totals. 



115 



Table iA.—Arretfs, Number and Rate, 1971, by Population Groups 



Offense charged 



ToUl 

Rate per 100,000 
inhabitants 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and non-negli- 
gent manslaughter. - 
Kate per 100,000.... 
(6) Manslaughter by 

negligence 

Rate per 100,000... 

Forcible rape 

Rate per 100,000 

Robbery 

Rate per 100,000 

Aggravated assault 

Rate per 100,000 

Burglary— breaking or entering. 

Rate per 100,000 

Larceny-thett — 

Rate per 100,000 

Auto thelt 

Rate per 100,000 



Total 

(5,649 
agencies; 

toUl 
population 

155,446,000) 



Violent crime ' 

Rate per 100,000.. 
Property crime ' 

Rate per 100,000.. 



Subtotal for above 
offenses 

Rate per 100,000. 



Other assaults 307,107 

Rate per 100,000 197.6 

Arson H.IM 

Rate per 100,000 7.2 

Forgery and coimterfeitlng 45, 340 

Rate per 100,000 29.2 

Fraud 95,610 

Rate per 100,000 61.6 

Embezdement 7,114 

Rate per 100,000 4.6 

Stolen property; buying, 

receiving, possessing 76, 616 

Rate per 100,000... -I 48.6 

See footnotes at end of table. 



6,912,448 
4,446.8 



14,649 
9.4 

2,768 

1.8 

16, 682 

10.7 

101,728 

65.4 

140,360 

90.3 

316,376 

202.9 

674, 997 

434.2 

130, 964 

84.2 



Cities 



273,209 

176.8 

1,121,327 

721.4 



1,397,304 
898.9 



Total city 

arrests 

(4,124 

cities; 

population 

113,513,000) 



5,846,435 
5,150.5 



12, 199 
10.7 

1,908 

1.7 

13,226 

11.7 

92, 391 

81.4 

114,824 

101.2 

260,080 

220.3 

692, 211 

621.7 

110,496 

97.3 



Group I 

(67 cities, 

over 

250,000; 

population 

42, 663,000) 



232,640 
204.9 

962, 787 
839.4 



1, 187, 335 
1,046.0 



261, 062 

230.0 

9,210 

8.1 

36,119 

30.9 

63,410 

66.9 

6,057 

6.3 

63,131 
65.6 I 



2,596,920 
6,087.1 



8,097 
19.0 

762 

1.8 

8,072 

18.9 

66,002 

164.7 

60, 182 

141.1 

117,722 

276.9 

226,206 

527.9 

61,846 

146.0 



Group II 
(93 cities, 
100,000 to 
250,000; 
population 
13,356,000) 



724,507 
5,424.4 



1,497 
11.2 

273 

2.0 

1,634 

12.2 

9,668 

71.6 

16,386 

116.2 

33,063 

247.6 

79, 972 

698.8 

12,713 

95.2 



Group ni 
(225 Cities, 
50,000 to 
100,000; 
population 
15,714,000) 



142. 363 
333.7 

404,773 
948.8 



547,888 
1,284.2 



117, 137 

274.6 

4,467 

10.6 

16,625 

36.6 

22,453 

52.6 

1,465 

3.4 

32,419 
76.0 



28,084 

210.3 

125,748 

941.6 



164, 105 
1, 153. 8 



36,468 

273.0 

964 

7.1 

6,193 

38.9 

11,314 

84.7 

2,271 

17.0 

6,848 
61.3 



692,680 
4,408.1 



951 
6.1 

269 

1.6 

1,214 

7.7 

6,676 

41.8 

11, 962 

76.1 

30,911 

196.7 

87,972 

559.8 

12,866 

81.8 



Group IV 
(426 cities, 
25,000 to 
50,000; 
population 
14,854,000) 



20,693 

131.7 

131,739 

838.4 



162, 691 
971.7 



29,169 

185.6 

1,209 

7.7 

4,901 

31.2 

8,916 

56.7 

391 

2.6 

7,297 
46.4 



658,028 
4,429.9 



732 
4.9 

221 

1.6 

923 

6.2 

6,228 

35.2 

9,420 

63.4 

26,760 

180.1 

82, 899 

568.1 

9,683 

66.2 



16,303 

109.8 

119,332 

803.4 



135,866 
914.6 



Group V 
(1,016 cities, 
10,000 to 
25,000; 
population 
16,177,000) 



683,197 
4,223.4 

698 
3.7 

267 

1.7 

838 

6.2 

3,417 

21.1 

10,077 

62.3 

26,198 

155.8 

74,639 

461.4 

8,230 

60.9 



14,930 

92.3 

108. 067 

668.0 



123,264 
762.0 



31, 676 

213.2 

1,054 

7.1 

3,738 

25.2 

8,065 

64.3 

1,370 

9.2 

6,789 
45.7 



Group VI 

(2,307 

Cities 

under 

10,000; 
population 
10,749,000) 



Other areas 



491.103 
4,568.7 



324 
3.0 

126 

1.2 

645 

6.1 

1,600 

14.9 

7,808 

72.6 

16,436 

162.9 

41,623 

386.3 

6,169 

48.1 



10,277 

95.6 

63,128 

687.3 



73, 631 
684.1 



28,998 

179.3 

916 

6.7 

3,640 

21.9 

8,459 

62.3 

363 

2.2 

6,243 
38.6 



17,616 

163.9 

611 

6.7 

2,122 

19.7 

4,203 

39.1 

217 

2.0 

3,636 
32.9 



Suburban 
area' 
(2,226 

agencies; 

population 

47,633,000) 



1,569,990 
3,296.0 



2,226 
47 

766 

1.6 

3,413 

7.2 

14,766 

31.0 

31,292 

65.7 

81, 141 

170.3 

176,240 

370.0 

28,417 

59.7 



Rural 
area 
(1,292 

agencies: 
population 

20,566,000) 



61,696 

108.5 

285,798 

600.0 



338,250 
710.1 



72, 919 

153.1 

2,946 

6.2 

11,112 

23.3 

26,365 

65.3 

1,609 

3.4 

19,126 
40.2 



461,344 
2,243.3 



1,057 
6.1 

634 

2.6 

1,343 

6.6 

2,260 

10.9 

9,995 

48.6 

26,660 

129.6 

27.328 

132.9 

7,460 

36.3 



14,645 

71.2 

61,448 

298.8 



76,627 
372.6 



18,668 

90.3 

822 

4.0 

4,389 

21.3 

17,757 

86.3 

684 

2.8 

6,093 
24.8 



116 



Table 24. — Arrests, Number and Rate, 1971, by Population Groups — Continued 



Offense charged 



Vandalism. _ .__ 

Rate per 100,000 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, 
etc 

RateperlOO.OOO 

Prostitution and commercial- 
ized vice.. .., 

Rate per 100,000 

Sex oSenses (except forcible 
rape and prostitution) 

Rate per 100,000 

Narcotic drug laws 

Rate per 100,000 

Gambling. _ _ 

Rate per 100,000 

Offenses against family and 
children 

Rate per 100,000 

Driving under the Influence. . 

Rate per 100,000 

Liquor laws _ 

Rate per 100,000 

Drunkenness 

Rate per 100,000 

Disorderly conduct 

Rate per 100,000 

Vagrancy 

Rate per 100,000 

All other offenses (except 
traffic) , 

Rate per 100,000 

Suspicion (not Included in 
totals) 

Hate per 100,000 

Curfew and loitering law 
violations _ 

Rate per 100,600 

Runaways 

Hate perl00,000 



Total 

(5.649 
agencies; 

total 
population 

155,446,000) 



121,860 
78.4 

114,669 
73.7 

62,916 
34.0 

60,696 

3Z6 

400,606 

267.7 

86,698 

66.8 

66,466 
36.3 

489,646 

314.9 

231, 192 

148.7 

1,491,782 

969.7 

621,067 

399.6 

80, 180 

61.6 

869,270 
669.2 

64, 374 
36.0 

101,943 

66.6 

204,644 

131.6 



Total city 

arrests 

(4,124 

cities: 

population 

113,613,000) 



Cities 



102,980 
90.7 

100,763 
88.8 

60,829 
44.8 

41,799 

36.8 

323,337 

284.8 

81,623 

71.9 

33,367 

29.4 

386, 672 

340.6 

186,433 

164.2 

1,341,767 

1,182.0 

660,683 

493.9 

73,601 

64.8 

694.376 
611.7 

60,261 
44.3 

93,261 

82.2 

149,760 

131.9 



Group! 
(67 cities, 

over 

250,000; 

population 

42,663,000) 



34,836 
81.7 

68,499 
137.1 

46,416 
106.6 

22,296 

62.3 

170,477 

399.6 

66,690 

166.1 

12,310 

28.9 

140,924 

330.3 

36,707 

86.0 

684,310 

1,369.6 

271,628 

636.7 

47,868 

112.2 

278,834 
663.6 

19, 180 
46.0 

34,161 

80.1 

60,630 

118.7 



Group II 
(93 cities, 
100,000 to 
250,000; 
population 
13,366,000) 



12,065 
90.3 

11,672 
86.6 

2,928 
21.9 

6,166 
46.2 
38,464 
287.9 
6,171 
46.2 

6,634 

49.7 

36,364 

264.7 

16,638 

123.8 

200,107 

1,498.2 

66,723 

417.2 

8,305 

62.2 

82,996 
621.4 



60.0 

6,610 

48.7 

17,833 

133.6 



Groupin 
(225 cities, 
60,000 to 
100,000; 
population 
15,714,000) 



14,623 
93.1 

9,083 
67.8 

1,192 
7.6 

4,624 

29.4 

39, 741 

262.9 

3,230 

20.6 

4,036 

26.7 

46,321 

294.8 

21,686 

137.4 

161,993 

967.3 

67,873 

368.3 

4,289 

27.3 

87,826 
668.9 

9,765 
62.1 

14,688 

93.6 

27,002 

171.8 



Group IV 

(426 cities, 

25,000 to 

60,000; 

population 

14,854,000) 



13,963 
94.0 

8,660 
68.3 



5.4 

3,709 

26.0 

30,136 

202.9 

2,622 

17.0 

4,033 

27.2 

62,076 

360.6 

29,999 

202.0 

139,164 

936.8 

60,250 

405.6 

4,686 

30.9 

86,012 
572.3 

6,470 
36.8 

12,491 

84.1 

22,093 

148.7 



Group V 

(1,016 cities, 

10,000 to 

25,000; 

population 

16,177,000) 



16,376 
101.2 



7,972 
49.3 



1.8 

3,289 

20.3 

23,366 

175.4 

2,037 

12.6 

4,046 

25.0 

69,632 

368.6 

41,518 

266.7 

160, 874 

932.7 

66,121 

402.6 

4,499 

27.8 

92,924 
674.4 

6,188 
38.3 

14,739 

91.1 

19,740 

122.0 



Group VI 

(2,307 
cities 
under 
10,000; 
population 
10,749,000) 



Other areas 



11,117 
103.4 

4,967 
46.2 

202 
1.9 

1,716 
16.0 
16,163 
160.4 
1,073 
10.0 

2,309 

21.6 

52,266 

486.2 

40,085 

37Z9 

116.319 

1,072.8 

60,088 

466.0 

4,066 

37.8 

66,785 
621.3 

2,966 
27.6 

10,662 

99.2 

12,462 

115.8 



Suburban 
area ' 
(2,226 
agencies; 
population 
47,633,000) 



39,649 
83.2 

20,469 
43 

2,685 
6.6 

11,664 

24.3 

105,637 

221.6 

6,474 

13 6 

17,846 

37.5 

126,789 

266.2 

70,486 

148.0 

216,989 

466.6 

126,309 

266.2 

9,078 

19.1 

240,663 
606.2 

13,832 
29.0 

29,817 

62.6 

73,330 

163.9 



Rural 

area 

(1,292 

agencies; 

population 

20,566,000) 






36.2 

6,918 
28.8 

207 
1.0 

3,031 

14.7 

26,086 

126.8 

1,996 

9.7 

10, 619 

61.1 

65,948 

272.0 
28,058 

136.4 
76,727 

368.2 
28,701 

139.6 

3,168 
16.4 

71,909 
349.7 

1,626 
7.9 

2,261 

11.0 

16,537 

80.4 



' Includes suburban city and county police agencies within metropolitan areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban cities 
Population figures rounded to the nearest thousand. All rates were calculated on the population before rounding. 
' Violent crime Is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
' Property crime Is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



also Included In other city groups. 



117 



Table i5.— Total Arrest Trends, 1960-71 

(2,370 agencies; 1971 population 90,268,000) i 



Oflense charged 



TOTAL --- 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegUgent man- 
slaughter 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence - 

Forcible rape 

Robbery - 

Aggravated assault- 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Autotheft- — 



Violent crime ».- - 
Property crimes. 



Subtotal for above oflenses. 



Other assaults 

Forgery and counterfeiting - 

Embezzlement and fraud - - 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possess- 
ing - " 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. 



Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex oflenses (except forcible rape and prosti- 
tution) - --- 

Narcotic drug lawrs 

Gambling — 

Oflenses against family and children - 

Driving under the Influence 



Liquor laws 

Drunkenness - — 

Disorderly conduct - - 

Vagrancy - 

AH other oflenses (except traffic) - - 
Suspicion (not Included In totals) - 



Total all ages 



1960 



3,307,443 



4,684 

1,864 

6,840 

32,578 

65,054 

115,021 

192,667 

53,974 



99,156 
361, 662 



4,439,308 



10,503 
1,601 
11,160 
80, 197 
93, 618 
199,666 
424, 172 
92,680 



Percent 
change 



462,682 

118,481 
19, 693 
32, 147 

9,494 
30,853 

26,895 

41,008 
31,496 

116,590 
36, 139 

136,077 

78, 701 
1,213,228 
393, 721 
132, 666 
427,572 
88,826 



196, 478 
716,317 



913,296 

195,638 
29,635 
59,806 

60,747 
80,424 

46,646 

32,180 
272, 466 
71,463 
32, 061 
292, 128 

124,591 
977,903 
426,018 

57, 755 
776, 772 

34,083 



+M.2 



-1-124.2 
-19.5 
-1-63.2 

-1-146. 2 
-1-70.0 
4-73.5 

-1-120.2 
-1-71.5 



-f97.1 
-1-98.1 



-1-97.4 

-f66.1 
-1-60.0 
-1-86.0 

-1-434. 5 
-1-160.7 

-f73.1 

-21.5 

-1-765. 1 

-38.7 

-11.3 

-flU. 7 



-1-58.3 


-19.4 


-1-8.2 


-66.6 


-1-81.7 


-61.6 



Number of persons arrested 



Under 18 years of age 



1971 



475,718 



358 
137 

1,192 
7,940 
6,461 
63,221 
91,929 
32,658 



15, 941 
177,808 



193, 886 

12, 669 

1,464 

779 

2,589 
6,416 

401 

9,206 
1,640 
1,396 
491 
1,040 

16,116 
12, 497 
46, 446 
7,630 
161, 165 
19,266 



1,067,956 



1,168 
162 
2,369 
26, 490 
16,660 
97,948 
209,112 
47, 074 



46, 677 
354, 134 



Percent 
change 



18 years of age and over 



1960 



-1-124.5 



-1-226.3 
-flO.9 
-f97.9 

-f233.6 

-1-158.3 
-1-84.0 

-fl27.5 
-1-44.1 



400,963 



-fl92.8 
-1-99.2 



-1-106.8 



37,037 
2,539 
2,889 

14, 210 
11,990 

1,166 

6,422 

54,206 

1,671 

418 

3,123 

41, 144 

28,050 

86, 397 

6,542 

369, 189 

9,503 



-1-192.6 
-1-73.4 
-1-270.9 

-1-448.9 
-1-86.9 

-1-190.8 

-30.2 

-1-3, 206. 2 

4-19.8 

-14.9 

-f200.3 

-1-156.3 

-1-124. 5 

-f86.0 

-13.1 

-1-129.1 

-60. 



2.831,725 



4,326 

1,727 
5,648 
24,638 
48,603 
61,800 
100,738 
21,316 



1971 



83,215 
183,854 



3,371,352 



9,335 
1,349 
8,801 
63,707 
76,958 
101,617 
216,060 
46,506 



Percent 
change 



148,801 
362, 183 



268,796 



' 



105,822 
18,229 
31,368 

6,905 
24,438 

26,494 

31, 802 
29,856 

115, 196 
36,648 

135, 037 

62,586 
1,200,731 
347, 275 
125, 136 
266, 407 
69,661 



512,333 



168,601 
26,996 
66,917 

36,637 
68,434 

45,380 

26,768 
218, 259 
69,782 
31,633 
289,005 

83,447 
949,863 
339, 621 

61, 213 
407,683 

24,680 



. Based on comparable reports from 1.753 cities representing 76,769,000 population and 617 counties representing 14,499,000 population. 
' Violent crime Is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
3 Property crime Is oflenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



-fW.l 



-1-115.8 
-21.9 
-1-65.8 

-1-118.0 
-t-58.3 
-1-64.4 

-1-113. 6 

-1-113.6 

-1-78.8 
-1-97.0 



-1-90.8 



-1-49.9 
-1-48.1 
-1-81.4 

-f 429.1 
-1-180.0 

-1-71.3 

-19.0 

-1-831.0 

-39.4 

-11.3 

-fll4.0 

+33.3 
-20.9 
-2.2 
-59.1 
-1-63.0 
-64.7 



118 



Table i6.— Total Arrest Trends, 1966-71 

13,301 agencies; 1971 estimated population 118,692,000] 



Offense charged 



Total . 



Criminal liomicide: 

(o) Murder and nonnegligent man- 
slaughter - - 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape 

Robberj',- - 

Aggravated assault- 

B urglarj'— breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft--- - 

Autotheft-- - --- 



Violent crime >-.- 
Property crime '- 



Subtotal for above oflenses- 



Other assaults - 

Arson--- - - 

Forgery and counterfeiting- -.- 

Fraud --- - 

Embezzlement - - 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, pos- 
sessing - -- 

Vandalism.- 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 



Number of persons arrested 



Total all ages 



1966 



Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 

prostitution)---- - ■ 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling -- 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 



Liquor laws --- 

Drunkenness-- 

Disorderly conduct -- 

Vagrancy - - - - . 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion (not included In totals) - - - 
Curfew and loitering law violations.. 
Runaways-- -.. 



4,442,098 



7,178 
2,416 
10,293 
45,714 
91,684 
179,269 
360,442 
96, 917 



154,869 
636,628 



793, 913 



174,037 

6,004 

25,214 

45,066 

5,577 



6,588,198 



12,177 
2,070 
13,498 
89,663 
114,343 
253,887 
550,625 
110, 262 



229,581 
914, 774 



1, 146, 425 



241,881 

8,975 

36,060 

69,778 

6,120 



19, 119 


61,062 


83,790 


94,465 


53,277 


95, 178 


35,102 


50,252 


48,151 


41,386 


69,029 


335, 626 


92,200 


77,828 


44,914 


38,504 


222,080 


379,461 


160,018 


168,621 


,349,421 


1,236,767 


479,226 


606,112 


97,821 


71,899 


477,898 


679, 774 


83,399 


43,418 


77,098 


86,498 


93,153 


156,536 



Percent 
change 



+25.8 



+69.6 
-14.3 

+31.1 
+96.9 
+24.7 
+41.6 
+52.8 
+13.8 



+48.2 
-1-43.7 



+44.4 



+39.0 
+49.6 
+43.0 
+64.9 
+9.7 

+219. 3 
+12.7 
+78.6 

-H3.2 

-14.0 
+468.6 
-15,6 
-14.3 
+70.9 

+6.4 
-8.4 
+5.6 
-26.5 
+42.2 
-47.9 
+12.2 
+68.0 



Under 18 years of age 



1,025,301 



173 

2,020 
14,427 
16,717 
97,060 
203, 891 
61,017 



32,863 
361,958 



394,994 



28,790 

4,195 

2,697 

1,674 

183 

6,988 
66,274 
10,730 



12, 398 
8,431 
2,139 
610 
1,936 

47,628 
26,294 
86,506 
7,946 
144,998 
18,546 
77,098 
93,153 



1,433,492 



1,308 

203 

2,867 

28,714 

21,277 

128, 102 

278, 792 

67,790 



64,166 
464,684 



519,063 



47, 871 
4,826 
3,336 
3,211 
288 

18,473 
67,605 
14,882 

1,236 

8,692 

72,911 

1,817 

621 

4,076 

69,511 
36,246 

109,699 
9,489 

206, 715 
14,240 
86,498 

166, 636 



Percent 
change 



+39.8 



+87.1 
+17.3 
+41.9 
+99.0 
+35.4 
+32.0 
+36.7 
-6.3 



+64.8 
+28.4 



+31.4 



+66.3 
+15.0 
+23.7 
+91.8 
+67.4 

+164.4 

+3.6 

+38.7 

+93.4 

-30.7 
+764.8 

-15.1 

+1.8 

+110. 6 

+24.9 
+37.8 
+26.8 
+19.4 
+42.6 
-23.2 
+12.2 
+68.0 



18 years of age and over 



1966 



3,416,797 



6,479 

2,243 

8,273 

31,287 

75, 967 

82, 219 

156, 551 

36,900 



122,006 
274, 670 



398, 919 



145, 247 

1,809 

22, 617 

43,382 

5,394 

12, 131 
18,516 
42,547 

34,463 

36,763 
50,698 
90,061 
44,304 
220,144 

112,390 

1,323,127 

392,720 

89, 875 
332,900 

64,853 



4,154,706 



10, 869 

1,867 

10,631 

60,849 

93,066 

126, 785 

271,833 

52, 472 



176,416 
460,090 



627, 372 



194,010 

4,149 

32,724 

66, 667 

5,832 

42,679 
26,860 
80, 296 

49,016 

32,794 

262, 715 

76, Oil 

37,883 

375,385 

109, 110 
1,199,521 
396, 413 
62,410 
473, 059 
29,178 



Percent 
change 



+21.6 



+67.8 
-16.8 
+28.5 
+94.5 
+22.6 
+63.0 
+73.6 
+46.2 



+43.8 
+63.9 



+67.3 



+33.6 
+129. 4 
+45.3 
+63.4 
+8.1 

+261.0 
+46.1 
+88.7 

+42.2 

-8.3 

+419. 2 

-16.6 

-14.6 

+70.6 

-2.9 

-9.3 

+.9 

-30.6 

+42.1 

-65.0 



' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
' Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



119 



Table il.— Total Arrest Trends by Sex, 1960-71 

[2,370 agencies, 1971 estimated population 90,268,0001" 





Males 


Females 


OfEense charged 


Total . 


Under 18 


Total 


Under 18 




1960 


1971 


Percent 
change 


1960 


1971 


Percent 
change 


1960 


1971 


Percent 
change 


1960 


1971 


Percent 
change 


TOTAL 


2,950,563 


},776,841 


+28.0 


404,507 


833,562 


+108. 1 


356,880 


662,467 


+85.6 


71,211 


234,394 


+229.2 


Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegllgent 
manslaughter 


3,871 

1,674 

6,840 

31, 000 

46,822 

111,276 

160,647 

61,983 


8,868 
1,336 
11, 160 
76,023 
80, 647 
189, 919 
304,169 
86,833 


+128.8 
-20.3 
+63.2 

+142. 
+72.0 
+70.7 
+89.6 
+67.0 


331 
131 
1,192 
7,566 
6,787 
61, 604 
78,436 
31,405 


1,068 
126 
2,359 
24,622 
14,024 
93, 628 
164,426 
44,367 


+222. 7 

-4.6 

+97.9 

+224.2 

+142. 3 

+81.2 

+96.9 

+41.3 


813 
190 


1,645 
166 


+102. 3 
-12.6 


27 
6 


100 
27 


+270.4 


(0 Manslaughter by negligence... 


+360.0 




1,678 
8,232 
3,746 
32, 120 
1,991 


6,174 
13, 071 
9,846 
120, 003 
6,747 


+227.9 
+58.8 
+167. 6 
+273. 6 
+188.8 


376 
664 

1,617 
13, 493 

1,263 


1,988 
2,836 
4,420 
6i687 
2,707 


+424.8 




+297.0 


B urglary— breaking or entering 


+173.3 
+305.3 


Auto theft 


+116. 








88,633 
323,806 


176, 688 
680,921 


+98.3 
+79.4 


14,876 
161, 445 


41, 973 
292,320 


+182. 2 
+81.1 


10,623 
37,867 


19, 890 
135,396 


+87.2 
+267.7 


1,068 
16,363 


4,704 
61, 814 


+341.3 




+277.8 






Subtotal for above offenses. 


414,012 


757, 844 


+83.0 


176, 451 


334,418 


+89.6 


48, 670 


165,452 


+219. 4 


17,436 


86,645 


+281.7 




106,839 
16,632 
27,308 

8,682 
29, 149 

7,671 

34,816 
26,817 

106, 162 
33,312 

128,084 

67,196 

1, 118, 216 

341,387 

122,725 

361,669 

79,239 


168, 273 
22,320 
42,822 

46,863 
74,639 

10,636 

28,394 
228,286 
66, 622 
29,139 
272,092 

107, 937 
909,937 
360,661 

42,807 
609, 610 

29,012 


+57.6 
+36.0 
+66.8 

+428.1 
+166. 1 

+37.3 

-ia4 

+761. 2 
-38.2 
-12.6 

+112.4 

+60.6 
-18.6 
+5.6 
-66.0 
+68.6 
-63.4 


10, 794 

1,123 

632 

2,419 
6,228 

123 

6,587 

1,393 

1,362 

341 

986 

13,783 
11, 187 
39, 493 
6,705 
124,910 
16,708 


28,425 
1,807 
2,260 

13,095 
11,384 

343 

5,215 

42,336 

1,606 

294 

2,951 

33,779 
23,936 
70, 662 

6,325 
266, 748 

7,839 


+163.3 

+60.9 

+256.0 

+441.3 
+82,8 

+178. 9 

-20.8 

+2939. 1 

+18.8 

-13.8 

+199. 3 

+146. 1 

+114. 

+78.9 

-20.6 

+104.7 

-63.1 


11,642 
3,161 
4,841 

812 
1,704 

19,224 

8,193 
4,679 
10,438 
2,827 
7,993 

11,606 
96, 012 
62,334 

9,941 
65, 903 

9,587 


27,386 
7,216 
16,984 

4,894 
6,786 

36,011 

3,786 
44,199 
6,831 
2,912 
20,036 

16,664 
67,966 
85,367 
li848 
167, 162 
5,071 


+136. 1 
+128.3 
+260.8 

+602. 7 
+239.6 

+87.3 

-38.9 
+844.6 

-44.1 

+3.0 

+160. 7 

+44.7 
-28.6 
+24.9 
+49.4 
+153.6 
-47.1 


1,886 
341 
147 

170 
187 

278 

2,619 

247 

43 

150 

64 

2,332 
1,310 
6,963 
826 
36,266 
2,657 


8,812 
732 
639 

1,116 
606 

823 

1,207 

11, 871 

66 

124 

172 

7,365 
4,116 
15,745 
1,217 
113,441 
1,664 


+361. 8 


Forgery and counterfeiting 


+114.7 




+334.7 


Stolen property; buying, receiving. 


+656.9 


Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice. 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 

prostitution) 


+224.1 

+196.0 

-63.9 


Narcotic drug laws . 


+4706. 1 


Gambling 


+61.2 


Offenses against family and children.. 
Drivinsr under the influence. 


-17.3 
+218. 6 




+216. 8 




+214. 1 




+128.4 




+47.6 


Suspicion (not Included in totals) 


+212.9 
-34.9 



I Based on comparable reports from 1,753 cities representing 76,769,000 population and 817 counties representing 14,499,000 population. 
' Violent crime is oflenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
! Property crime is oflenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



120 



Table 28.— Tofo/ Arrest Trends, 1970-71 

(4,483 agencies; 1971 estimated population 139,239,000) 



Offense charged 



TOTAL 

Criminal homicide: 

(o) Murder and nonnegligent 
manslaughter 

(b) Manslaughter by negligence- 
Forcible rape--- - 

Robbery --- 

Aggravated assault - - 

Burglary— breaking or entering -- 

Larceny— theft -- 

Autotheft - 

Violent crime ' 

Property crime! 

Subtotal for above offenses- .. 

Other assaults _ 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing- - 

Vandalism -- 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc.— 

Prostitution and commercialized 
vice - 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 

prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children.. 
Driving under the influence -- 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion (not included in totals) 

Curfew and loitering law violations.-. 
Runaways 



6,114,993 



Ntimber of persons arrested 



Total all ages 



12,277 

2,799 

14,363 

84, 712 

118, 086 

267,639 

679,433 

120, 823 



229,437 
967, 796 



263,982 
1,028,996 



273, 191 

8,804 

40,999 

72,223 

7,607 

69,367 
104, 180 
98,882 



48,883 

45,954 
332,616 
82,410 
52,293 
391,083 

201,718 
1,430,716 

651,208 
99,960 

747, 211 
64,301 
98,999 

166,678 



1971 



6,321,047 



13,672 

2,629 

15,266 

97,405 

127,760 

286,666 

620, 881 

121,550 



280,869 
10,126 
40, 990 
84,066 
6,649 

68,990 
109,661 
106,049 



61,628 

46,296 
368, 735 
82, 779 
48,148 
437,110 

205,112 
1,371,263 

573,446 
75, 763 

790,470 
60, 360 
94, 716 

182, 796 



Per. 

cent 

change 



+3.4 



+10.5 
-9.6 
+6.2 

+16.0 
+8.2 
+7.1 
+7.2 
+.6 



+10.7 
+6.3 



+7.1 



+2.8 
+16.0 



+16.4 
-12.6 

+16.2 
+6.3 
+7.2 



+5.4 

+.7 
+10.9 

+.4 

-7.9 

+11.8 

+1.7 
-4.2 
+4.0 

-24.2 
+5.8 

-21.7 
-4.3 
+9.7 



Under 16 years of age 



1970 



570, 057 



177 

40 

614 

9,498 

6,660 

62,028 

147, 232 

18, 387 



16,839 
227, 647 



244,526 



20.042 

3,470 

691 

678 

66 

6,438 
47,644 
4,337 



104 

3,849 

9,676 

209 

243 

95 

6,091 

4,724 
40,744 

2,413 
83, 660 

5,877 
25,662 
65,905 



1971 



603,875 



177 

34 

618 

10,251 

7,636 

62, 582 

153, 990 

16, 693 



18,682 
233,266 



261,981 



22, 221 

3,690 

644 

939 

119 

6,386 

49,844 

4,403 



124 

3,696 

11,080 

300 

165 



6,948 

6,658 
44,046 

1,964 
90, 903 

6,639 
24, 670 
74,097 



Per- 
cent 
change 



+5.9 



-15.0 
+.7 
+7.9 
+16.6 
+.9 
+4.6 
-9.2 



+10.9 
+2.6 



+3.0 



+10.9 

+6.3 

-6.8 

+38.5 

+80.3 

+17.4 
+4.8 
+1.6 



+19.2 

-4.0 
+16.7 
+43.6 
-32.1 

+3.2 

+14.1 

+17.7 
+8.1 

-18.6 
+8.7 
-4.0 
-3.8 

+12.4 



Under 18 years of age 



1970 



1,546,453 



1,295 

227 

3,029 

28,660 

19,891 

139,456 

295,666 

67, 949 



52, 776 
603, 061 



556, 063 



60,121 

5,266 

4,376 

2,993 

293 

17,930 
75,112 
16, 397 



1,151 

9,901 
74, 469 
1,607 
769 
4,432 

68,416 
38,017 

117,540 
13, 307 

222, 626 
18, 933 
98,999 

166,678 



1,629,735 



1,415 
228 
3,181 
31,653 
23,062 
146, 686 
314,913 
64,352 



69, 301 

524, 960 



584,479 



64,239 

6,673 

3,811 

3,481 

328 

20,704 
78,487 
16,408 



1,316 

9,732 

80,667 

1,948 

761 

4,768 

72,473 
40, 077 

124, 683 
9,993 

238,316 
17, 087 
94, 716 

182,796 



Per- 
cent 
change 



+5.4 



+9.3 
+.4 
+6.0 
+10.8 
+16.9 
+4.5 
+6.6 
-6.3 



+12.4 
+4.4 



+5. 



+8.2 

+6.8 

-12.9 

+16.3 

+11.9 

+16.6 

+4.5 

+.1 



+14.3 

-1.7 

+8.3 

+21,2 

+.3 
+7.4 

+5.9 
+5.4 
+6.1 
-24.9 
+7.0 
-9.8 
-4.3 
+9.7 



18 years of age and over 



1970 



4,568,540 



10, 982 

2,672 

11,334 

66, 162 

98,194 

128,083 

283, 777 

52, 874 



176, 662 
464, 734 



643,968 



223,070 

3,638 

36,623 

69,230 

7,314 

41,427 
29,068 
82,485 



47, 732 

36,053 

258, 147 
80, 803 
61,634 

386,661 

13,3,302 

1,392,699 

433, 668 

86,643 
524,585 

45,368 



4,691,312 




194,681 
604,046 



701,028 



226, 630 

4,663 

37, 179 

80,684 

6,321 

48,286 
31,174 
89,641 



60,212 

36,664 

288,078 
80,831 
47,387 

432, 352 

132, 639 

1,331,176 

448,763 

65,760 

652,164 

33,263 



Per- 
cent 
change 



+2.7 



+10.2 

+8.5 



+8.9 



+1.6 
+28.7 

+1.6 
+16.4 
-13.6 

+16.6 

+7.2 
+8.7 



+5.2 

+1.4 

+11.6 

« 

-8.0 
+11.8 

-.6 
-4.4 
+3.6 

-24.1 
+5.3 

-26.7 



' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
2 Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 
2 Increase of less than one percent. 



472-311 0-72-9 



121 



Table i9.— Total Arrests by Age, 1971 

[5,649 agencies; 1971 Estimated population 155,446,000] 





Grand 

total 

all ages 


Ages 

under 

15 


Ages 

under 

18 


Ages 
18 and 
over 


Age 


O0ense charged 


10 and 
under 


11-12 


13-14 


16 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


TOTAL 


6.966,822 
100. 


662,421 

9.5 


1,796,942 

26.8 


5,169,880 

74.2 


83.139 

1.2 


146.080 
2.1 


433.202 


356.309 


401,059 

6.8 


377,153 
6.4 


360,893 
5.2 


318.962 
4.6 


287.974 




6. 2 5. 1 


4.1 






Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 


14,549 
2,768 

16,682 
101,728 
140,360 
315.376 
674,997 
130,954 


190 

37 

667 

10,634 

8,148 

68,736 

165,435 

17,932 


1,490 

241 

3,424 

32, 755 

24,633 

160,431 

340, 261 

69, 313 


13, 059 
2,527 

13,168 

68,973 
115, 717 
154,945 
334, 736 

61,641 


5 

2 

26 

702 

841 

9,530 

22,187 

371 


20 

12 

92 

2.376 

1,806 

16,423 

44,771 

2,077 


165 
23 
649 

7,456 

5,501 

42,783 

98,477 

15,484 


268 
26 
651 
6,279 
4,647 
31,488 
63,663 
18,084 


463 

74 

992 

7,643 

6,737 

32,096 

59,876 

18, 593 


669 
104 
1,114 
8,299 
6,101 
28,111 
51,287 
14,704 


660 

132 

1,309 

8,346 
6,245 
25,139 
45,160 
10,789 


748 

165 

1.098 

7.781 

5,944 

18,991 

34,456 

7,639 


673 


(b) Manslaughter by negligence... 


132 
1.063 




7,343 




6,039 


Burglary — breaking or entering 


15,685 
28,319 




5,979 








273,209 

100.0 

1,121,327 

100.0 


19,539 

7 2 

252, 103 

22.5 


62,302 

22.8 

570,005 

50.8 


210,907 
77.2 

551,322 
49.2 


1,574 

.6 

32,088 

2.9 


4,294 

1.6 

63,271 

5.6 


13,671 

5.0 

156, 744 

14.0 


11,845 

4.3 

113,235 

10.1 


14,835 

5.4 

110, 565 

9.9 


16,083 
6.9 

94,102 
8.4 


16,560 
6.1 

81,088 
7.2 


16, 671 
5.7 

61,086 
6.4 


15, 118 




5.5 




49,983 




4.5 






Subtotal for above offenses 

Percent distribution > 


1,397,304 
100.0 


271,679 
19.4 

23,633 

4,117 

705 

988 

160 

6,892 
54,975 
4,809 

132 

3,984 

11,952 

345 

199 

114 

7,696 

6,013 
47,616 

2,031 
99, 615 

5,998 
26, 207 
82,561 


632,548 
45.3 


764,756 
54.7 


33,664 

2.4 


67,577 
4.8 


170,438 
12.2 


126, 106 
9.0 


125,474 
9.0 


110,289 
7.9 


97,780 
7.0 


76,822 
5.5 


65,233 
4.7 




307,107 
11,154 
46,340 
95,610 
7,114 

76,616 
121,850 
114,669 

62,916 

60,695 
400, 606 
86,698 
66,456 
489,546 

231,192 

1,491,782 

621,057 

80, 180 
869,270 

54,374 
101,943 
204,644 


57,970 

6,180 

4,166 

3,721 

425 

22,509 
87, 303 
17, 699 

1,379 

10, 503 
88,051 

2,120 
922 

5,465 

81,745 

43, 793 
134, 449 

10,613 
260, 607 

18,287 
101,943 
204,544 


249, 137 

4,974 

41, 174 

91,889 

6,689 

53,007 
34,547 
96, 870 

51, 537 

40, 192 

312, 555 

84,578 

55,634 

484,080 

149,447 

1,447,989 

486, 608 

69, 567 
608, 663 

36,087 


3,161 
1,356 

49 
101 

59 

513 

12, 778 
349 

4 

414 

232 

16 

61 

18 

101 

187 
6,334 

165 
15, 607 

972 
1,396 
5,702 


5,857 

1,038 

122 

268 

33 

1,648 

15,841 

960 

9 

844 

1,098 

29 

26 

15 

674 

550 

10,992 

299 

20,329 

1,276 

4,167 

12,639 


14,615 

1,723 

534 

629 

68 

4,831 
26,356 
3,600 

119 

2,726 

10,622 

300 

113 

81 

7,021 

6,276 
30,290 

1,567 
63,779 

3,750 
20,644 
64,220 


10,438 

867 

624 

611 

66 

4,221 
13, 618 
3,359 

173 

2,118 

15,706 

394 

126 

209 

12,423 

7,244 
24,931 

1,786 
62,204 

3,558 
22,983 
53,664 


11,822 

696 

1,183 

831 

87 

5,387 
10,986 
4,477 

338 

2,258 

26,331 

524 

227 

1,430 

26,184 
12, 222 
29,490 

2,788 
55,237 

4,225 
31,444 
47,418 


12,077 

510 

1,654 

1,291 

122 

6,009 
7,824 
5,054 

736 

2,143 

34,062 

857 

370 

3,712 

35,442 
18,314 
32,412 

4,008 
53,551 

4,506 
21,309 
20,901 


13,124 

446 

2,666 

2,460 

171 

6,077 
4,934 
6,847 

2,181 

2,180 
42,151 
1,183 
2,278 
9,028 

38.670 
29,731 
38,421 

5,694 
61,061 

4,910 


12,224 

332 

2,864 

3,162 

229 

5,345 
3,429 
5,514 

3,612 

2,070 

41, 582 

1,324 

2,118 

10, 320 

31, 178 
28,375 
33,916 

4,676 
46, 181 

3,689 


12,148 




313 




2,898 




3,704 




226 




4,622 




2,770 


Weapons; carrjrtng, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice.. 
Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 


5,238 
3,907 
2,088 




37,385 




1,388 




2,278 
11,942 




21,897 




28,979 




30, 756 




4,029 


All other offenses (except traffic) 


42,969 
3,204 






Curfew and loitering law violations — 





















See footnotes at end of table. 



122 



Table i9.— Total Arrests by Age, 7977— Continued 



Offense charged 



Total 

Percent distribution '.. 



Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 
manslaughter 

(b) Manslaughter by negligence. 

Forcible rape _., 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary — breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Autotheft 



Violent crime s 

Percent distribution i.. 
Property crime ' 

Percent distribution '. 



Subtotal for above offenses. 
Percent distribution ' 



Other assaults... 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

V^andalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc.... 

Prostitution and commercialized 
vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 
prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children.. 

Driving under the influence 



Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations. 
Runaways 



Age 



279, 033 

4.0 



770 

154 

1,016 

6,617 

6,316 

13, 249 

24,677 

6,282 



22 



248,721 



14,717 
6.4 

43, 108 
3.8 



67, 979 
4.1 



13, 677 

277 

2,936 

4,625 

311 

4,191 
2,641 
6,718 



6,341 

2,226 

33, 148 

1,863 

2,432 

16, 696 

5,928 
38,916 
31,149 

6,435 
40, 781 

2,966 



736 

162 

1,024 

6,874 

5,873 

11,135 

20,427 

4,224 



13,506 
4.9 

35, 786 
3.2 



49,464 
3.5 



23 



229,559 



716 
124 
883 
5,162 
6,816 
9,763 
17, 780 
3,897 



12,566 
4.6 

31,440 
2.8 



44,130 
3.2 



12,678 

285 

2,893 

4,840 

482 

3,682 
2,023 
5,407 



6,345 

2,280 
28,343 
1,844 
2,613 
16, 781 

4,266 
34, 312 
26, 950 

6,122 
36,569 

2,562 



12,810 

235 

2,781 

5,374 



3,237 

1,784 
5,207 



6,027 

2,164 
23,616 
1,987 
2,847 
16,527 

3,484 
33, 832 
24,544 

4,427 
32,857 

2,310 



209,599 
3.0 



626 
143 
817 
4,330 
6,831 
8,296 
15, 386 
3,201 



11,604 
4.2 

26,883 
2.4 



38,630 
2.8 



12, 502 

221 

2,636 

6,431 

421 

2,937 
1,694 
4,938 



3,715 

2,074 

18,966 

2,197 

2,923 

16,344 

3,018 
33,236 
21,942 

3,439 
30,662 

1,875 



694,038 
10.0 



509,033 
7.3 



2,340 
398 

2,676 
11,831 
20, 766 
23,692 
45, 883 

9,098 



30-34 



37, 603 

13.8 

78,573 

7.0 



116,574 
8.3 



46, 487 
809 

8,319 
19, 734 

1,397 

9,086 
4,991 
17,161 



10, 049 

6,972 
45, 060 
10, 367 
11,224 
64,834 

8,150 
135, 152 
68,903 

9,267 
95, 222 

5,281 



1,620 
280 

1,369 

6,396 
14,987 
11,837 
27,374 

4,612 



35-39 



454,778 
6.5 



1,204 

204 

850 

2,908 

11,728 

6,960 

19, 898 

2,806 



445,418 
6.4 



166 
492 
1,661 
9,349 
4,679 
16, 500 
1,774 



394,350 

5.7 



23,371 
8.6 

43,823 
3.9 



67,474 
4.8 



32, 838 

555 

4,927 

13, 381 
982 

4,954 
3,096 
11,827 



4,165 

4,742 
19,804 
10, 707 

8,797 
68, 722 

5.844 
137,457 
48, 105 

5,226 
62,453 

2,977 



16, 690 
6.1 

29,653 
2.6 



46,647 
3.3 



12,432 
4.6 

22,863 
2.0 



35,451 
2.6 



26,009 

448 

3,089 

10,376 
644 

3,278 
2,299 
9,166 



2,268 

3,807 
10,503 
10, 638 

6,855 
68, 716 

5,634 
168, 263 
41,187 
4,350 
48,810 
2,001 



21,248 

402 

2,349 

7,901 



2,228 
1,813 
7,213 



1,481 

3,043 
6,301 

10, 027 
4,973 

69,604 

6,527 
189, 900 
37, 906 
4,390 
41,480 
1,553 



752 

174 

256 

889 

6,863 

2,741 

12,919 

1,200 



8,760 

3.2 

16,860 

1.6 



26,794 
1.8 



14, 901 

276 

1,642 

5,170 

382 

1,482 
1,359 
5,306 



1,026 

2,357 
3,003 
9,407 
3,268 
64,837 

4,941 
192, 471 
30, 582 
4,080 
31,084 
1,084 



302, 668 
4.3 



629 

105 

148 

443 

4,543 

1,619 

9,582 

572 



5,663 

2.1 

11,673 

1.0 



200,877 

2.9 



323 

76 

74 

213 

2,496 

800 

6,660 

294 



3,106 

1.1 

7,754 

.7 



17,441 
1.2 



9,233 

177 

749 

2,988 

229 



916 
3,605 



617 

1,609 
1,469 
7,374 
1,600 
40,480 

4,333 

161,475 

22,241 

3,475 

21,090 

731 



10,936 



4,870 
83 

376 
1,453 

117 

484 

492 

2,246 



1,068 
612 

5,817 

741 

26,472 

2,924 

112,953 

13, 148 

2,682 

12,735 

402 



60-64 



123,478 

1.8 



217 
44 
44 
85 
1,477 
341 
4,403 
138 



1,823 
.7 

4,882 
.4 



6,749 
.5 



2,712 
49 
131 



242 

222 

1,242 



290 

3,990 

300 

14,841 

1,868 
72,234 
7,737 
1,711 
7,280 
256 



65 and 
over 



105, 279 
1.5 



217 

67 

36 

75 

1,429 

282 

6,274 

126 



1,757 
.6 

6,682 
.5 



Not 
known 



7,606 
.5 



2,511 

61 

108 

580 

41 

210 

276 

1,271 



205 

796 
251 

4,621 
283 

9,858 

1,741 
57,468 
8,248 
1,661 
7,407 
287 



5,230 

.1 



2 
4 
30 
26 
46 
138 
11 

60 



(') 



« 



(?) 



165 
5 

12 
37 



17 
9 
65 



27 

28 

73 

44 

4 

179 

54 

3,236 

873 

13 
122 

10 



' Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

2 Less than oue-tenth of 1 percent. 

' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 

' Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



123 



Table 30.— Tofo/ Arrests of Persons Under 15, Under 18, Under 21, and Under 25 Years of Age, 1971 

(8,649 agencies; 1971 estimated population 155,446,000] 



Number of persons arrested 



OSense charged 



TOTAL 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegUgent manslaughter- 
(6) Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault --- 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft.— 



Violent crime'--. 
Property crime '.. 



Subtotal for above offenses - 



Other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and coimterfeiting 

Fraud- 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing... 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 



Grand total 
all ages 



Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sei offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) . 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling - 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 



Liquor laws 

Drunkenness -- 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy - 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations. 
Runaways 



6,966,822 



14,549 
2,768 

16,682 
101, 728 
140, 350 
315,376 
674,997 
130,954 



273,209 
1,121,327 



1,397,304 



307,107 
11,154 
46,340 
95,610 
7,114 
75,516 
121,850 
114,669 

52,916 

60, 695 
400,606 
86,698 
56,456 
489,545 

231,192 

1,491,782 

621, 057 

80,180 
869,270 

54,374 
101,943 
204,644 



Under 15 



662,421 



190 

37 

667 

10,634 

8,148 

68,736 

165,435 

17, 932 



19,639 
252, 103 



271,679 

23,633 

4,117 

705 

988 

160 

6,892 

64,975 

4,809 

132 

3,984 

11,952 

345 

199 

114 

7,696 

6,013 
47, 616 

2,031 
99,616 

6,998 
26, 207 
82, 661 



Under 18 



1,796,942 



1,490 

241 

3,424 

32,765 

24,633 

160,431 

340, 261 

69,313 



62,302 
670,006 



632,648 

67,970 
6,180 
4,166 
3,721 
425 
22,609 
87,303 
17,699 

1,379 

10,503 
88,051 

2,120 
922 

6,465 

81, 745 

43,793 
134,449 

10,613 
260,607 

18, 287 
101,943 
204,544 



Under 21 



2,764,761 



1 Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
! Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 
> Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 



3,671 

670 

6,894 

56,225 

42,861 

220,246 

448, 196 

93,720 



109, 551 
762, 162 



872,383 

95,466 
7,271 
12,494 
13, 037 
1,061 
38,553 
98,436 
34,298 

11,079 

16,841 

209,169 

6,015 

7,696 

36,765 

173,490 
130, 878 
237,542 

25,012 
400, 818 

30,090 
101, 943 
204,544 



Under 26 



3,731,673 



6,417 
1,253 
10,633 
78, 198 
66,696 
262, 689 
526, 366 
110,324 



161,944 
899, 379 



1,062,576 

147, 133 

8,289 

23,739 

33,307 

2,666 

62,600 

106,378 

65,568 

32, 607 
26,675 

313,240 
13,906 
18,411 

101,002 

190, 186 
271, 173 
342, 127 

43,436 
541, 587 

39, 792 
101,943 
204,544 



Percentage 



Under 16 



9.6 



1.3 
1.3 
4.0 
10.4 
6.8 
21.8 
24.6 
13.7 



7.2 
22.6 



19.4 

7.7 
36 9 
1.6 
1.0 
2.2 
9.1 
45.1 
4.2 

.2 
7.9 
3.0 
.4 
.4 
(') 

3.3 

.4 
7.7 
2.6 
11.5 
11.0 
26.7 
40.4 



Under 18 



25.8 



10.2 
8.7 
20.6 
32 2 
17.6 
50.9 
50.4 
62.9 



22.8 
60.8 



Under 21 



45.3 

18.9 
55.4 
9.2 
3.9 
6.0 
29.8 
71.6 
15.4 

2.6 
20.7 
22.0 
2.4 
1.6 
1.1 

35.4 
2.9 
21.6 
13.2 
30.0 
33.6 
100.0 
100.0 



39.7 



24.5 
24.2 
41.6 
55.3 
30.5 
69.8 
66.4 
71.6 



40.1 
68.0 



62.4 

31.1 
65.2 
27.6 
13.6 
14.8 
51.1 
80.8 
29.9 

20.9 
33.2 
52.2 

6.9 
13.5 

7.5 

75.0 
8.8 
38.2 
31.2 
46.1 
55.3 
100.0 
100.0 



Under 25 



S3. 6 



44.1 
45.3 
64.1 
76.9 
47.5 
83.3 
78.0 
84.2 



89.3 
80.2 



76.0 

47.9 
74.3 
52.4 
34.8 
37.3 
69.7 
87.3 
48.5 

61.4 
50.4 
78.2 
16.0 
32.6 
20.6 

82.3 
18.2 
85.1 
54.2 
62.3 
73.2 
100.0 
100.0 



124 



Table Z1 .—Tofal Arresti, Distribution by Sex, 1971 

[6,649 agencies; 1971 estimated population 156,446,000) 



Offense Charged 


Number of persons arrested 


Percent 


Percent 


Percent of total ' 




Total 


Male 


Female 


male 


female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total... 


6,966,822 


5,923,052 


1,043,770 


85.0 


15.0 


100.0 


100.0 






100.0 


Criminal homicide: 

(a) M urder and nonnegligent manslaughter. 


14,549 
2,768 

16,582 
101,728 
140,350 
315,376; 
674,997 
130,954 


12,184 

2,420 

16,582 

95,293 

121.729 

299,870 

485,087 

123,160 


2.365 
348 


83.7 
87.4 
100.0 
93.7 
86.7 
95.1 
71.9 
94.0 


16.3 
12.6 


.2 
(') 

.2 
1.5 
2.0 
4.5 
9.7 
1.9 


,2 
(») 

,3 
1.6 
2.1 
5.1 
8.2 
2.1 




(b) Manslaughter by negligence 


.2 


Forcible rape 


m 


Robbery __ 

Aggravated assault _ 


6.435 
18, 621 
15,606 
189, 910 
7.794 


6.3 
13.3 

4.9 
28.1 
6.0 


,6 


Burglary — breaking or entering 


1.8 


Larceny— theft 


1.5 


Autotheft.. 


18.2 




.7 




273,209 
1.121,327 


245,788 
908, 117 


27.421 
213,210 


90.0 
81.0 


10.0 
19.0 


3.9 
16,1 


4.1 
15.3 




Property crime * 


2.6 




20.4 


Subtotal for above offenses 


1,397,304 


1.166.326 


240, 979 


82.8 


17.2 


20.1 


19.5 






23.1 


Other assaults. 


307,107 

11.154 

45,340 

95,610 

7,114 

75,516 

121,850 

114,569 

52,916 
50,695 

400,606 
86,698 
56,456 

489,545 

231,192 

1,491,782 

621,057 

80,180 
869,270 

64,374 
101,943 
204,544 


265.226 
10,034 
34,223 
68,233 
5,342 
68,495 
112,279 
106,475 

11.807 
44, 626 

336,476 
79.582 
61, 594 

456.043 

199. 966 
1.383,913 

522, 816 
62, 631 

727, 618 
46,421 
80,297 
92,631 


41,881 
1.120 
11.117 
27.377 
1,772 
7.021 
9.571 
8.094 

41,109 
6,069 

64,130 
7,116 
4.862 

33,502 

31, 226 
107, 869 

98,242 

17,549 

141.652 

7,953 

21,64e 
111,913 


86.4 
90.0 
76.5 
71.4 
76. 1. 
90.7 
92.1 
92.9 

22.3 
88.0 
84.0 
91.8 
91.4 
93.2 

86.5 
92. S 
84.2 
78.1 
83.7 
85.4, 
78.8 
45.3 


13.6 

10.0 
24.5 
28.6 
24.9 
9.3 
7.9 
7.1 

77.7 
12.0 
16.0 
8.2 
8.6 
6.8 

13.5 

7.2 
16.8 
21.9 
16.3 
14.6 
21.2 
54. T 


4.4 
.2 
.7 
1.4 
.1 
1.1 
1.7 
1.6 

.8 

.7 

5.8 

1.2 

.8 

7,0 

3.3 

21.4 
8.9 
1.2 

12,6 

.8 

1,6 

2,9 


4.5 
.2 
,6 
1.2 
,1 
1,2 
1.9 
1.8 

.2 

.8 

5,7 

1,3 

.9 

7.7 

3,4 
23,4 

8.8 

1.1 

12.3 

.8 

1.4 




Arson 


4.0 


Forgery and counterfeiting- 


.1 


Fraud.... 


1,1 


Embezilement. 


2,6 




,2 


Vandalism 


.7 




,9 




.8 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) . 


3,9 


Narcotic drug laws 


,6 


Qambllng... 


6.1 




.7 


Driving under the Influence 


.5 


Liquor laws 


3,2 


Drunkenness 


3,0 


Disorderly conduct 


10,3 




9.4 


All other offenses (except traffic) 


1,7 


Suspicion 


13.6 


Curfew and loitering law violations . 


,8 


Runaways 


2,1 




1,6 


10,7 



1 Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

" Less than one-tenth of 1 percent, 

s Violent crime Is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault 

< Property crune is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



125 



Table 32.— Tofo* Arrest Trends by Sex, 1970-71 

[4, 483 agencies; 1971 estimated population 139, 239, 000] 





Males 


Females 


Oflense charged 


Total 


Under 18 


Total 


Under 18 




1970 


1971 


Percent 
change 


1970 


1971 


Percent 
change 


1970 


1971 


Percent 
change 


1970 


1971 


Percent 
change 


TOTAL 


5,229,134 


5,369,594 


+2.7 


1,214,219 


1,265,944 


+4.3 


885,859 


951,453 


+7.4 


332,234 


363,791 


+9.5 






Criminal homicide: 

(o) Murder and nonnegUgent 


10,388 

2,495 

14, 363 

79,481 

102, 883 

264, 951 

416, 557 

114, 661 


11, 390 
2,202 
16,265 
91,202 
110, 684 
272, 541 
445, 376 
114, 261 


+9.6 

-11.7 

+6.2 

+14.7 

+7.6 

+6.9 

+6.9 

-.3 


1,205 

203 

3,029 

26,542 

17,065 

133, 129 

218, 838 

64,317 


1,286 

187 

3,181 

29, 339 

19, 492 

138, 841 

233, 079 

60, 733 


+6.6 
-7.9 
+5.0 
+10.5 
+14.2 
+4.3 
+6.6 
-5.6 


1,889 
304 


2,182 
327 


+16.8 
+7.6 


90 
24 


130 
41 


+44.4 


(6) Manslaughter by negUgence.. 


+70.8 




5,231 

16, 202 

12, 588 

162,876 

6,172 


6,203 

17, 066 

14,024 

175, 606 

7,289 


+18.6 
+12.3 
+11.4 
+7.8 
+18.1 


2,018 
2,826 
6,327 
76, 818 
3,632 


2,314 
3,660 
6,844 
81,834 
3,619 


+14.7 




+26.0 


Burglary — breaking or entering 


+8.2 
+6.8 


Autotheft 


-.4 








207, 115 
786, 169 


228, 631 
832, 177 


+10.3 
+5.9 


47,841 
416, 284 


63, 297 
432,663 


+11.4 
+3.9 


22, 322 
181, 636 


25,461 
196, 819 


+14.0 
+8.4 


4,934 
86, 777 


6,004 
92,297 


+21.7 




+6.4 






Subtotal for above offenses 


995, 769 


1,062,910 


+6.7 


464, 328 


486, 137 


+4.7 


204, 262 


222, 597 


+9.0 


91, 736 


98,342 


+7.2 


Other assaults 


237, 362 

7,991 

31,241 

62, 669 

5,695 

53,825 
96, 139 
92,266 

10,064 

40, 386 

279, 815 

75, 691 

47, 744 

365, 055 

176, 507 

1, 329, 563 

468, 066 

79, 929 
625, 774 

56,046 
78, 248 

80, 356 


242, 218 

9,106 

30, 937 

60, 036 

4,952 

62, 570 
101, 133 
98, 586 

11, 493 

40, 949 

309, 300 

76, 026 

43, 919 

406, 796 

177, 078 
1,272,985 

482, 306 
68,641 

660, 840 
42, 945 
74, 807 
82,006 


+2.1 
+14.0 

-1.0 
+14.0 
-13.0 

+16,2 
+5.2 
+6.9 

+14.3 

+1.4 

+10.5 

+.4 

-8.0 
+11.4 

+.9 
-4.3 
+3.0 

-26.6 
+5.6 

-22. G 
-4.4 
+2.1 


39, 901 

4,889 

3,208 

2,291 

213 

16,634 
70, 056 
15, 721 

343 

7,753 

57, 839 

1,556 

516 

4,191 

56,276 
32,941 
97, 221 
10,996 
168, 742 
15, 419 
78, 248 
80, 356 


42, 313 

5,060 

2,739 

2,716 

217 

19, 193 

73, 092 
16, 6C7 

371 

7,796 

62, 907 

1,881 

637 

4,499 

68, 861 
34, 352 

101, 802 
8,232 

180, 819 
14, 020 

74, 807 
82, 006 


+6.0 
+3.6 
-14.6 
+18.6 
+1.9 

+15.4 
+4.3 

-.7 

+8.2 

+.6 

+8.8 

+20.9 

+4.1 

+7.3 

+4.6 
+4.3 
+4.7 
-25.1 
+7.2 
-9.1 
-4.4 
+2.1 


35,839 
813 

9,758 
19,654 

1,912 

6,532 
8,041 
6,617 

38, 829 

5,668 
52, 801 
6,719 
4,649 
26,028 

26,211 
101, 163 
83, 142 
20,021 
121,437 
9,255 
20, 751 
86, 322 


38,661 

1,020 

10, 063 

24, 029 

1,697 

6,420 
8,528 
7,463 

40,036 

6,347 
69, 436 
6,763 
4,229 
30, 314 

28, 034 
98,268 
91, 140 
17, 112 

129, 630 
7,406 
19, 908 

100, 790 


+7.8 
+25.6 

+3.0 
+22.9 
-11.2 

+16.1 
+6.1 
+12.8 

+3.1 

-4.0 

+12.6 

+.5 

-7.0 
+16.6 

+7.0 
-2.9 
+9.b 

-14.5 
+6.7 

-20.0 
-4.1 

+16.8 


10, 220 

377 

1,168 

702 

80 

1,296 

5,056 

676 

808 

2,148 

16, 630 

61 

243 

241 

12, 140 
5,076 

20, 319 
2,311 

63,884 
3,614 

20, 761 

86, 322 


11, 926 

613 

1,072 

766 

111 

1,611 

5,395 

801 

945 

1,936 

17, 750 

67 

224 

259 

13, 612 
5,726 

22,881 
1,761 

67, 497 
3,067 

19, 908 
100, 790 


+16.7 


Arson 


+36.1 


Foreerv and counterfei ting 


-8.2 




+9.0 




+38.8 


Stolen property; buying, receiving, 


+16.6 




+6.7 


Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice. 


+18.5 

+17.0 

-9.9 




+6.7 


G ambling 


+31.4 


Offenses against family and children.. 
Driving under the influence - . 


-7.8 
+7.5 




+12.1 




+12.8 




+12.6 




-23.8 


All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion (not included in totals) 

Curfew and loitering law violations.. 


+6.7 
-12.7 

-4.1 
+16.8 







' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape^ robbery and aggravated assault. 
2 Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



126 



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129 



Table 34.— Cify Arrest Trends, 1970-71 

[3,306 cities over 2,600; 1971 estimated population 106,048,000] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL... - 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegllgent manslaughter 
(6) Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape 

Robbery - 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft 

Auto thelt 

Violent crime ' 

Property crime ' - 

Subtotal for above offenses 

Other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting - 

Fraud... — - 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; busing, receiving, possessing- . 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitu 

tlon) --- 

Narcotic drug laws — 

Gambling - 

Offenses against family and children — 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunlcenness -- 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion (not included in totals) 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Runaways 



Number of persons arrested 



Total all ages 



1970 



5,307,075 



1971 



5.494,412 



10,477 

1,929 

11,744 

77, 718 

99,865 

220, 188 

621, 001 

104,265 



199,804 
846,464 



1,047,187 



239,445 
7,371 
33, 080 
61, 603 
6,763 
61,428 
89,794 
88,617 

47,046 

38, 504 

282, 173 

78, 697 

34,405 

319, 954 

163,378 
1, 306, 870 

606, 260 
93, 058 

601, 561 
60,188 
91,319 

128, 772 



11, 770 

1,797 

12, 679 

89, 820 

107,833 

236,833 

664, 398 

105, 530 



222,102 
896, 761 



1, 120, 660 



246,685 
8,668 
33, 377 
60,626 
6,860 
59, 873 
94,917 
96,644 

49,663 

38, 989 

309, 798 

79, 072 

31,444 

360, 158 

168,443 
1, 256, 626 

524,610 
70,824 

651, 179 
46,815 
87, 740 

139, 867 



Percent 
change 



+3.5 



+12.3 
-6.8 
+8.0 

+15.6 
+8.0 
+7.6 
+6.4 
+1.2 



+11.2 
+6.1 



+7.0 



+3.0 

+17.6 

+.9 

+17.6 

-13.4 

+16.4 

+6.7 

+7.8 

+6.4 

+1.3 

+9.8 

+.6 

-8.6 

+12.6 

+3.1 
-3.8 
+3.6 

-23.9 
+8.2 

-22.2 
-3.9 
+8.6 



Under 18 years of i 



1970 



1,331,359 



1,176 

174 

2,687 

26.943 

17, 598 

116, 492 

269, 978 

59, 045 



48,303 
444,616 



492, 992 



46, 601 

4,661 

3,726 

2,677 

263 

15, 696 

66, 060 

15, 022 

1,126 

8,243 

62,844 

1,661 

610 

3,411 

54,964 
31, 605 

107, 389 
10,626 

183, 604 
17, 072 
91,319 

128, 772 



1,406,255 



1,282 

171 

2,809 

29,782 

20,081 

120, 614 

285,471 

65,696 



63,964 
461, 781 



515, 906 



48, 903 
4,827 
3,194 
3,129 
285 
18, 309 
68, 350 
15, 081 

1,283 

8,103 

67, 365 

1,877 

569 

3,869 

68, 690 
33, 782 

114,006 
9,264 

201, 866 
15, 432 
87, 740 

139, 867 



Percent 
change ' 



+5.6 



+9.1 
-1.7 
+8.6 
+10.6 
+14.1 
+4.4 
+5.7 
-6.7 



+11.7 
+3.9 



+4.6 



+7.6 

+5.8 
-14.3 
+16.9 

+8.4 
+16.7 

+6.1 
+.4 

+14.0 

-1.7 
+7.2 

+20.2 
-6.7 

+13.1 

+6.8 
+7.2 
+6.2 
-12.8 
+10.0 
-9.6 
-3.9 
+8.6 



18 years of age and over 



1970 



3,975,716 



9,302 

1,756 

9,167 

50, 776 

82,267 

104,696 

261,023 

46,220 



161, 501 
400, 939 



664,196 



193,944 
2,810 
29,364 
48,826 
6,490 
36, 733 
24,744 
73, 595 

46, 921 

30,261 
219, 329 
77, 036 
33,795 
316, 543 

108, 414 

1, 276, 366 

398, 871 

82, 433 
418, 057 

43, 116 



1971 



Percent 
change ' 



4,088,157 



10,488 
1,626 
9,870 
60, 038 
87, 752 
116, 219 
268,927 
49,834 



168, 148 
434,980 



604,764 



197,782 
3,841 
30,183 
57,397 
6,565 
41,564 
26,567 
80,463 

48,280 

30,886 

242, 433 

77, 196 

30, 875 

356, 299 

109, 763 

1, 222, 843 

410, 604 

61, 560 
449, 313 

31,383 



+2.8 



+12.7 
-7.4 
+7.8 

+18.2 
+6.7 

+11.0 
+7.1 

+10.2 



+11.0 
+8.6 



+9.1 



+2.0 
+36.7 

+2.8 
+17.6 
-14.3 
+16.3 

+7.4 

+9.3 

+6.1 

+2.1 

+10.6 

+.2 

-8.6 
+12.6 

+1.2 
-4.1 
+2.9 

-25.3 
+7.6 

-27.2 



I In 763 cities over 25,000 population, arrests of persons under 18 years of age increased 4.9 percent and arrests of persons 18 and over increased 2.5 percent; 
in 2,562 cities under 25,000 population, arrests of persons under 18 increased 8.6 percent and arrests of persons 18 and over increased 4.3 percent. 
' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
3 Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



130 



Table 35.— City Arrests by Age, 1971 

(4,124 cities over 2,600, 1971 estimated population 113,513,000) 



Offense charged 



TOTAL 

Pereeat distribution ' 

Criminal hiomicide: 

(a) Murder and noimegligent 
manslaughter 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence. 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary — breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Auto theft -- 

Violent crime ' -. 

Percent distribution ' 

Property crime * 

Percent distribution ' 

Subtotal for above offenses 

Percent distribution ' 

Other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud.... 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

Vandahsm 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc... 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 
Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 

prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

GambUng 

Offenses against family and children. 
Driving under the influence... 

Liquor laws 

Drunkeimess 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy — 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations.. 
Runaways 



Grand 

total all 

ages 



5,896.686 
100.0 



12,199 

1,908 

13.226 

92.391 

114.824 

250,080 

592,211 

110.496 



232.640 
100. 

952,787 
100.0 



1,187,335 
100.0 



261.062 

9.210 

35.119 

63.410 

6.057 

63.131 
102.980 
100.753 

50.829 

41.799 

323.337 

81.623 

33,367 

386.572 

186.433 
1.341.757 

560,683 
73,601 

694.376 
50.251 
93.251 

149.750 



under 15 



574.559 
9.7 



160 

30 

694 

10, 008 

7,182 

66, 331 

152, 068 

16, 262 



17,944 

7.7 

223, 661 

23.6 



241,636 
20.4 



21, 429 

3,683 

696 

938 

144 

6,196 

48,068 

4,366 

123 

3,361 

10, 082 

312 

162 



6,628 

5,243 
43, 630 

1,888 
84,269 

5,622 
24,464 
62,063 



under 18 



1,516.532 
25.7 



1,305 

174 

2,929 

30, 630 

21, 089 

127, 758 

304, 661 

58, 512 



Ages 

18 and 

over 



4,380,154 
74.3 



66,863 

24.0 

490,831 

61.5 



546, 868 
46.1 



51,446 
5,214 
3,386 
3,258 
341 

19, 301 
74, 687 
16, 913 

1,331 

8,544 

71, 109 

1,972 

666 

4,246 

66, 181 
36, 200 

121, 716 
9,603 

216, 188 
16, 472 
93,261 

149, 760 



10, 894 

1,734 

10, 297 

61, 861 

93, 736 

122, 322 

287, 650 

61,984 



Age 



10 and 
under 



72,403 
1.2 



176, 787 
76.0 

461, 966 
48.5 



640, 477 
64.0 



209, 616 
3,996 

31, 733 
60, 162 

6,716 

43,830 
28,393 
84,840 

49, 498 

33, 265 
262,228 
79, 661 

32, 702 
382, 326 

121,262 

1,305,567 

438, 967 

63,998 

478. 188 

33, 779 



5 

2 

24 

669 

738 

7,846 

20, 668 

334 



129,338 
2.2 



372,818 300.169 
5.1 



1,436 
.6 

28,848 
3.0 



30,286 
2.6 



2,874 

1,174 

38 

99 

69 

467 

11, 235 

300 



361 

210 

13 

56 

10 

72 

176 

6,674 

162 

12,427 

896 

1,342 

4,479 



14 
10 
81 

2,272 
1,606 
13, 667 
41, 636 
1,802 



13-14 



3,973 

1.7 

57, 006 

6.0 



60,988 
6.1 



5,347 
913 
111 
246 
30 

1,433 

13, 918 

849 



720 

969 

28 

22 

13 

483 

482 

10, 070 

287 

17, 563 

1,187 

3,913 

9,768 



141 

18 

489 

7,067 

4,838 

34,818 

89,864 

13, 126 



12,636 

6.4 

137, 808 

14.6 



160, 361 
12.7 



13, 208 

1,496 

447 

693 

66 

4,296 
22, 916 
3,206 

111 

2,280 

8,903 

271 

86 

65 

6,973 

4,686 
27,786 

1,449 
54,269 

3,439 
19, 209 
47, 816 



231 

20 

674 

6,918 

4,012 

25,087 

67, 002 

16, 186 



331.610 
5.6 



10, 736 
4.6 

97, 276 
10.2 



108, 030 
9.1 



9,314 
714 
530 
542 
44 

3,630 
11,478 
3,044 

166 

1,715 

12. 962 

365 

96 

169 

10, 196 
6,061 

22.763 
1,621 

43, 366 
3,189 

21, 062 

39,126 



418 

52 

846 

7,040 

4,876 

24,727 

61, 798 

16,624 



13, 175 

5.7 

92, 149 

9.7 



106, 376 
8.9 



10,293 

647 

957 

707 

66 

4,463 
8,878 
3,991 

324 

1,778 

21, 206 

492 

173 

1,140 

20, 733 
9,946 

26, 460 
2,524 

45, 016 
3,712 

28,809 

34, 032 



310.194 
5.3 



499 

72 

916 

7,664 

5,020 

21,613 

43, 693 

12,440 



294,870 
5.0 



13,999 
6.0 

77, 746 
8.2 



91, 817 
7.7 



10, 410 

370 

1,303 

1,071 



6,012 
6,163 
4,623 

719 

1,690 

26,869 

803 

234 

2,849 

27,725 
14, 961 
28,983 

3,570 
43, 649 

4,049 
18, 916 
14,840 



660 
99 
1,020 
7,463 
4,981 
19, 014 
38, 273 
8,966 



19 



261.046 
4.4 



668 
114 
861 
7,062 
4,800 
14,628 
29,249 
6,417 



14,024 
6.0 

66,243 
7.0 



80, 366 
6.8 



11, 093 

296 

2,002 

1,832 

143 

4,939 
3,761 
6,113 

2,098 

1,700 

32, 177 

1,116 

1,649 



30, 618 
24,563 
34, 103 

6,027 
40, 870 

4,667 



13, 371 
5.7 

60, 194 
6.3 



63, 679 
5.4 



10, 326 

238 

2,262 

2,262 

196 

4,339 
2,623 
4,809 

3,606 

1,648 

31,880 

1,226 

1,394 

7,887 

24,743 
23,486 
30,266 

4,170 
36, 669 

3,460 



20 



237.710 
4.0 



6,639 
4,886 
12, 220 
24, 213 
6.070 



12,934 
6.6 

41, 603 
4.4 



64,623 
4.6 



10, 286 

234 

2,266 

2,642 

201 

3,834 
2,210 
4,678 

3,822 

1,690 
29,269 
1,319 
1,428 
9,286 

17,804 
24,200 
27,623 

3,607 
3i066 

3,023 



See footnotes at end of table. 



131 



Table 35.— City Arresfs by Age, 7977— Continued 





Age 




Offense charged 


21 


22 


23 


24 


26-29 


30-34 


35-39 


40-44 


45^9 


50-54 


55-69 


60-64 


66 and 
over 


Not 
known 


TOTAL 


234,712 
4.0 


207,835 
3.5 


192,251 
3.3 


174,246 
3.0 


582,182 
9.9 


429,287 
7.3 


386,423 
6.6 


383,498 
6.5 


342,815 
5.8 


265,846 
4.5 


177,853 
3.0 


109,926 
1.9 


94,433 
1.6 


5,221 


Percent distribution • 


.1 


Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 


663 
106 
786 
6,962 
5,172 
10,642 
21,243 
4,461 


621 
96 
776 
6,276 
4,777 
8,847 
17,614 
3,611 


696 
89 
694 
4,620 
4,728 
7,821 
16,423 
3,321 


628 

100 

632 

3,880 

4,674 

6,666 

13, 121 

2,705 


1,935 

259 
2,130 
10,574 
16,794 
19, 141 
39,379 
7,745 


1,366 
201 

1,058 

4,818 
12,246 

9,683 
23,371 

3,903 


1,002 
161 
668 
2,586 
9,642 
5,602 
17, 182 
2,366 


756 
114 
389 
1,443 
7,623 
3,728 
14,236 
1,492 


616 

115 

222 

814 

6,644 

2,196 

11,237 

1,001 


416 
73 

112 

393 
3,686 
1,223 
8,366 

461 


268 
46 
65 
177 
1,996 
669 
6,947 
243 


176 
36 
38 
69 
1,191 
289 
3,943 
116 


173 

49 

28 

66 

1,171 

228 

4,816 

116 




(6) Manslaughter by negligence. 


2 
4 




30 




26 


Burglary— breaking or entering 


46 
138 


Autotheft 


11 




12,673 
6.4 

36,236 
3.8 


11,460 
4.9 

29,972 
3.1 


10,637 
4.6 

28,665 
2.8 


9,714 

4.2 

22,481 

2.4 


31,433 

13.6 

66,266 

7.0 


19,487 
8.4 

36,857 
3.9 


13,797 
6.9 

26,160 
2.6 


10, 111 
4.3 

19,456 
2.0 


7,196 

3.1 

14,434 

1.6 


4,607 

2.0 

10,060 

1.1 


2,486 

1.1 

6,849 

.7 


1,473 
.6 

4,348 
.6 


1,436 
.6 

5,159 
.6 


69 




(') 




195 




« 






Subtotal for above offenses 

Percent distribution ^ 


48,916 
4.1 


41,617 
3.5 


37,291 
3.1 


32,296 
2.7 


97,957 
8.3 


66,645 
4.8 


39,098 
3.3 


29,680 
2.5 


21,744 
1.8 


14,730 
1.2 


9,381 
.8 


6,866 
.5 


6,644 
.6 


266 




11,716 

224 

2,366 

3,320 

273 

3,626 
2,061 
4,998 

6,138 

1,822 
26,396 
1,761 
1,653 
12,360 

4,718 
33,806 
28,171 

5,068 
32,746 

2,786 


10,760 

227 

2,286 

3,311 

431 

3,099 
1,677 
4,704 

6,068 

1,862 

22, 696 

1,730 

1,640 

12,424 

3,416 
29,414 
24,273 

4,789 
29,126 

2,397 


10,909 

191 

2,206 

3,687 

336 

2,708 
1,470 
4,673 

4,801 

1,767 
19, 180 
1,872 
1,703 
13,003 

2,826 
29,328 
22,086 

4,156 
26,979 

2,191 


10,676 

181 

2,040 

3,619 

369 

2,461 
1,331 
4,298 

3,495 

1,729 

15,464 

2,036 

1,686 

12, 937 

2,615 
28,738 
19,611 

3,169 
23,937 

1,771 


38,686 
688 

6,460 
12,973 

1,231 

7,651 
4,260 
14,999 

9,634 

6,911 
38,003 
9,781 
6,383 
61, 760 

6,857 
119,284 
61, 957 

8,687 
74,253 

4,988 


27,622 

466 

3,787 

8,636 

836 

4,084 
2,628 
10,432 

3,986 

3,981 
17,196 
10, 111 

4,980 
46,794 

4,897 
123,383 
43,326 
4,789 
48,239 
2,771 


21,696 

379 

2,290 

6,463 

626 

2,699 
1,980 
8,070 

2,167 

3,166 

9,291 
9,916 
3,826 
46,467 

4,696 
143,128 
37,317 

4,028 
37,478 

1,865 


17,623 

346 

1,731 

4,878 

614 

1,856 
1,660 
6,291 

1,413 

2,668 
5,609 
9,458 
2,888 
47, 318 

4,682 
172, 977 
34,485 

4,035 
32,124 

1,463 


12,352 

232 

1,048 

3,189 

314 

1,219 
1,166 
4,602 

985 

1,971 
2,668 
8,863 
1,961 
43,322 

4,208 
176,340 
27,826 
3,762 
24,087 
966 


7,698 
137 
641 

1,814 
182 

742 

818 

3,090 

697 

1,300 

1,320 

6,907 

924 

31,876 

3,706 

148,588 

20,391 

3,226 

16,604 

658 


4,066 

64 

287 

878 

99 

387 

406 

1,976 

363 

898 

636 

5,471 

422 

20,733 

2,483 
104,616 
12,054 
2,380 
10,105 
360 


2,236 

40 

91 

456 

33 

202 

187 

1,120 

210 

586 

253 

3,741 

180 

11,602 

1,676 
66,960 
7,063 
1,673 
6,739 
234 


2,108 

49 

82 

366 

34 

168 

247 

1,123 

200 

649 
228 

4,302 
194 

7,453 

1,466 
63,630 
7,653 
1,620 
6,058 
269 


166 




6 




12 


Fraud 


37 






Stolen property; buying, receiving, 


17 




9 


Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc— 

Prostitution and commercialized vice- 
Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 


65 

27 
27 




73 




44 


Offenses against family and children. 


3 

177 




54 




3,236 




873 




13 


All other offenses (except traffic) 


118 
10 



































































' Because of rovmding, the percentages may not add to total. 

2 Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 

3 Violent crime is ofienses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
< Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



132 



Table 36. — City Arrests of Persons Under 15, Under 18, Under 27, and Under 25 Years of Age, 1971 

[4,124 cities over 2,600; 1971 estimated population 113,613,000] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL.. 



Criminal homicide: 

(o) Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter. . 

(d) Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape — 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— brealiing or entering 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft.. 



Violent crime '.. 
Property crime ' 



Subtotal for above offenses. 



Other assaults 

Arson. 

Forgery and counterfeiting-. 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing. 

Vandalism... 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 



Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) . 

Narcotic drug laws.. 

Gambling _ 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence.. 



Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations. 
Runaways 



Grand 

total aU 

ages 



5,896,686 



12,199 

1,908 

13,226 

92,391 

1 14.82* 

250,080 

592, 211 

110,496 



232,640 
952,787 



1,187,335 

261,062 
9,210 
35,119 
63,410 
6,057 
63,131 
102, 980 
100,753 

50,829 
41,799 

323,337 
81,623 
33,367 

386,572 

186,433 
1,341,757 

560,683 
73,601 

694,376 
50,251 
93,251 

149, 750 



Number of persons arrested 



Under 15 



574,559 



Under 18 



160 

30 

694 

10,008 

7, 182 

56,331 

162,068 

18,282 



17,944 
223, 661 



241,635 

21,429 

3,683 

596 

93& 

144 

6,196 

48,068 

4,356 

123 

3,361 

10, 082 

312 

162 



6,628 

6,243 

43,630 

1,888 
84,269 

6,622 
24,464 
62,063 



1,516,532 



1,305 

174 
2,929 
30,630 
21, 089 
127,768 
304,661 
68, 512 



66,863 
490,831 



646,868 

61,446 
6,214 
3.38& 
3,258 
341 
19,301 
74, 687 
16,913 

1,331 

8,544 
71, 109 
1,972 
665 
4,246 

65,181 
36,200 

121,716 
9,603 

216, 188 
16, 472 
93,251 

149, 760 



Under 21 



2,310,158 



Under 26 



3,119,202 



3,106 

473 

6,636 

61,684 

35,766 

173, 620 

396,296 

78, 965 



96,182 
648,771 



746,426 

83, 151 

6,982 

9,916 

9,894 

880 

32, 413 

83,181 

30,413 

10, 766 
13,582 
164,435 
5,632 
5,036 
28,367 

138,346 

108. 439 

213, 697 
22,407 

327,783 
27,622 
93,251 

149, 760 



6,603 

863 

8,524 

71, 422 

66,107 

207,386 

463,697 

93.043 



Percentage 



Under 16 



140,656 
764,025 



906,444 

127. Ill 

6,»06 

18,800- 

23,831 

2,288 
44,207 
89,720 
48,986 

31,268 
20,742 
248, 160 
13,030 
11,617 
79, 091 

151, 821 
229,726 
307. 738 
39,689 
439,671 
36. 667 
93,261 
149.750 



1.3 

1.6 

4.5 

10.8 

6.3 

22.6 

25.7 

13.8 



7.7 
23.6 



20.4 

8.2 

38.9 

1.7 

1.5 

2.4 

9.8 

46.7 

4.3 

.2 

8.0 

3.1 

.4 

.6 

m 

3.6 

.4 
7.8 
2.6 
12.1 
11.0 
26.2 
41.4 



Under 18 



25.7 



Under 21 



10.7 

9.1 

22.1 

33.0 

ia4 

61.1 
61.4 
53.0 



24.0 
51.5 



19.7 

66.6 

9.6 

5.1 

5.6 

30.6 

72.4 

15.8 

2.6 
20.4 
22.0 
2.4 
2.0 
1.1 

35.0 

2.7 

21.7 

13.0 

31.1 

32.8 

100.0 

100.0 



25.6 

24.8 
42.6 
66.9 
31.1 
69.4 
66.9 
71.6 



41.3 
68.1 



62.8 



31.9 
66.0 
28.2 
16.6 
14.6 
61.3 
80.8 
30.2 

21.2 
32.5 
50.9 

6.9 
16.1 

7.3 

74.2 

ai 

38.1 
30.4 

47.2 
54.8 
100.0 
100.0 



Under 25 



52.9 



45.1 
45.2 
64.4 
77.3 
48.0 
82.9 
78.3 
84.2 



60.4 
8U. 2 



76.3 



48.7 
73.9 
63.5 
37.6 
37.8 
70.0 
87.1 
48.6 

61.6 
49.6 
76.7 
16.0 
34.8 
20.5 

81.4 
17.1 
54.9 
53.8 
63.3 
73.0 
100.0 
100.0 



1 Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 

2 Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 

3 Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 



133 



Table 31.— City Arresfs, Distribution by Sex, 1971 

[4,124 cities over 2,600; 1971 estimated population 113,613,000] 



Offense charged 



Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegUgent manslaughter. 

(,b) Manslaughter by negUgence.. - 

Forcible rape. 

Robbery - 

Aggravated assault --- 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft 

Auto theft - - - 



Violent crime ' — 
Property crime ' . . 



Subtotal for above offenses . 



Other assaults -- 

Arson.- 

Forgery and counterfeiting — 

Fraud — - 

Embezzlement -- - 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing . 
Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying; possessing, etc 



Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) . 

Narcotic drug laws - - 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 



Liquor laws - --- 

Drunkenness.. .-- 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy... - 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations _ 
Runaways 



Number of persons arrested 



Total 



TOTAL - 6,896,686 



12,199 
1.908 
13,226 
92,391 
114,824 
250,080 
592,211 
110,496 



232,640 
952,787 



1,187,335 



261,062 
9,210 
35,119 
63,410 
6,057 
63,131 
102,980 
100,753 

50,829 
41,799 

323,337 
81,623 
33,367 

386,572 

186,433 
1,341,757 

560,683 
73,601 

694,376 
50,251 
93,251 

149,750 



Male 



5,007,994 



10,183 

1,664 

13, 226 

86, 491 

98,829 

238, 077 

419, 673 

103,836 



208, 729 
761,586 



971, 979 



Female 



224, 443 
8,232 
26, 417 
44,961 
4,441 
57, 172 
94,846 
93,688 

11,465 
36, 778 

270, 671 
75, 108 
29, 496 

369, 130 

161, 289 
1, 246, 517 

474, 824 
56, 867 

577, 929 
42, 975 
73, 741 
65, 126 



888,692 



2,016 
244 



5,900 

15,995 

12,003 

172,538 

6,660 



23,911 
191,201 



215, 356 



36, 619 

978 

8,702 

18, 449 
1,616 
6,959 
8,134 
7,166 

39,364 
5,021 

52, 666 
6,515 
3,871 

27,442 

25, 144 
95, 240 
85, 859 
16, 734 
116,447 
7,276 
19,610 
84, 625 



Percent 



Male 



84.9 



83.5 
87.2 
100.0 
93.6 
86.1 
95.2 
70.9 
94.0 



89.7 
79.9 



81.9 



86.0 
89.4 
75.2 
70.9 
73.3 
90.6 
92.1 
92.9 

22.6 
88.0 
83.7 
92.0 
88.4 
92.9 

86.5 
92.9 
84.7 
77.3 
83.2 
85.5 
79.1 
43.5 



Female 



15.1 



16.6 
12.8 



6.4 
13.9 

4.8 
29.1 

6.0 



10.3 
20. 1 



18.1 



14.0 
10.6 

24.8 

29.1 

26.7 

9.4 

7.9 

7.1 

77.4 
12.0 
16.3 

8.0 
11.6 

7.1 

13,5 
7.1 
16.3 

22.7 
16.8 
14.5 
20.9 
56.5 



Percent of total ' 



Total 



100.0 



> Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

' Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 

3 Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 

' Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



.2 

m 

.2 
1.6 
1.9 
4.2 
10.0 
1.9 



3.9 
16.2 



20.1 



4.4 
.2 
.6 

1.1 

.1 
1.1 
1.7 
1.7 

.9 
.7 
5.5 
1.4 
.6 
6.6 

3.2 

22.8 
9.5 
1.2 

11.8 
.9 
1.6 
2.5 



Male 



.2 
(») 

.3 
1.7 
2.0 
4.8 
8.4 
2.1 



4.2 
15.2 



19.4 



4.5 
.2 
.5 
.9 
.1 
1.1 
1.9 
1.9 

.2 
.7 
5.4 
1.5 
.6 
7.2 

3.2 

24.9 
9.5 
1.1 

11.5 
.9 
1.5 
1.3 



Female 



100.0 



.2 



.7 

1.8 

1.4 

19.4 

.7 



2.7 
21.5 



24.2 



4.1 
.1 

1.0 

2.1 

.2 

.7 

.9 



4.4 
.6 

5.9 
.7 
.4 

3.1 

2.8 

10.7 

9.7 

1.9 

13.1 

.8 

2.2 

9.6 



134 



Tabic 38. — City Arrest Trends by Sex, 1970-71 

[3,305 cities over 2,500; 1971 estimated population 106,048,000J 



Offense charged 



TOTAL. 



Criminal homicide: 

(o) Murder and nonnegligent man- 
slaughter 

(6) M anslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape. _ 

Robbery _ _.. 

Aggravated assault... _. _. 

Burglary — breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Auto theft 



Males 



Total 



1970 



4,531,068 4,666,243 



1971 



Violent crime ' 179,992 

Property crime 2 678.881 



8,878 

1,699 

11,744 

72,903 

86, 467 

210, 026 

369, 830 

99,026 



Subtotal for above offenses. 



Other assaults - _ 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting... 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receivuig, possessing. 

Vandalism ___ 

Weapons: carrying, possessing, etc... 



Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitu- 
tion) _ 

Narcotic drug laws. 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children... 

Driving imder the influence 



Liquor laws 

Drunkenness. 

Disorderly conduct _. 

Vagrancy 

AU other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion (not included in totals)... 
Curfew and loitering law violations- 
Runaways _ 



860,572 



9,847 

1,667 

12,679 

84,078 

92,749 

226, 476 

393,320 

99,142 



199,353 
717,938 



918, 858 



Per- 
cent 
change 



-t-3.0 



-flO.9 
-7.8 
-H8.0 

-f-16.3 
+7.3 
4-7.4 
+6.4 
+.1 



+10.8 
+6.8 



+6.8 



Under 18 



1970 



1,046,966 1,095,101 



1971 



Per- 
cent 
change 



+4.6 



1,093 

153 

2,687 

25,019 

15,063 

110,460 

198, 178 

55, 925 



43,762 
364,563 



408,478 



1,166 

139 

2,809 

27,695 

16, 918 

115,170 

209, 615 

52,579 



48,488 
377, 364 



425, 991 



207,391 


212, 105 


6,639 


7,760 


26,009 


25,137 


37, 175 


42,893 


4,956 


4,282 


46, 618 


54,244 


85,714 


87,485 


82,577 


88,781 


9,784 


11.181 


33,829 


34,588 


237,086 


259,343 


72,270 


72,735 


30,628 


27,933 


298,000 


334,622 


141,994 


146,615 


1,216,049 


1,167,874 


429, 191 


444,290 


74,248 


54,346 


501,984 


642,343 


51,607 


40, 038 


72,511 


69,629 


59,944 


60,299 



+2.3 
+16.9 
+.5 
+15.4 
-13.6 
+16.6 
+6.8 
+7.5 

+14.3 

+2.2 
+9.4 
+.6 
-8.8 
+12.3 

+2.6 
-4.0 
+3,6 

-26.8 
+8.0 

-22.4 
-4.0 
+.6 



36, Oil 

4,232 

2,700 

2,052 

184 

14,642 

60, 635 

14,406 

329 

6,464 

48,543 

1,612 

411 

3,227 

45,324 
27,506 
89,090 
9,069 
139, 806 
14,028 
72,611 
69,944 



' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and 
2 Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



aggravated assault. 



37, 935 

4,362 

2,266 

2,446 

179 

16, 947 

63,682 

14,343 

361 

6,520 

52,403 

1,812 

387 

3,638 

48,024 
28, 961 
93,542 
7,669 
153,706 
12, 813 
69, 629 
60,299 



+6.7 
-9.2 
+8.6 
+10.3 
+12.3 
+4.3 
+5.8 
-6.0 



+10.8 
+3.6 



+4.3 



+5.3 

+3.1 
-16.1 
+19.2 

-2.7 
+16.6 

+5.0 
-.4 

+9.7 

+.9 
+8.0 

+19.8 
-6.8 

+12.7 

+6.0 
+5.3 
+6.0 
-15.3 
+9.9 
-8.7 
-4.0 
+.6 



Females 



Total 



1970 



776,007 828,169 



1971 



1,599 
230 



4,816 
13, 398 
10, 162 
151, 171 
5,240 



19, 812 
166,673 



Per- 
cent 
change 



+6.7 



1,923 +20.3 
230 



5,742 
15,084 
11,357 
161,078 

6,388 



22,749 
178, 823 



186,615 201,802 



+19.3 
+12.6 
+11.8 
+6.6 
+21.9 

+14.8 
+7.4 



+8.1 



Under 18 



284,393 



1,924 
2,635 
6,032 
71,800 
3,120 



4,641 
79, 962 



84,514 



32,054 


34,680 


732 


908 


8,071 


8,240 


14,328 


17, 633 


1,797 


1,668 


4,910 


6,629 


7,080 


7,432 


6,040 


6,763 


37,262 


38,382 


4,675 


4,401 


45,088 


60,465 


6.327 


6,337 


3,777 


3,611 


21,954 


25,636 


21,384 


22,828 


90,821 


88,751 


77,069 


80, 320 


18,810 


16, 478 


99, 677 


108,836 


8,581 


6,777 


18,808 


18, HI 


68,828 


79,668 



+7.9 
+24.0 

+2.1 
+23.1 
-12.7 
+14.6 

+6.0 
+12.0 

+3.0 

-6.9 

+11.9 

+.2 

-7.0 
+16.8 

+6.8 
-2.3 
+4.2 

-12.4 
+9.3 

-21.0 
-3.7 

+16.6 



9,490 
329 

1,026 

625 

79 

1,163 

4,415 
616 

796 

1,779 

14,301 

49 

199 

184 

9,640 

3,999 
18, 299 

1,566 
43, 698 

3,044 
18, 808 
68, 828 



1971 



311, 154 



116 
32 



2,187 
3,163 
6,444 
76. 866 
3,117 



5,466 
84,417 



89, 916 



10, 968 
466 
928 
684 
106 
1,362 
4,668 
738 

922 

1,683 

14,962 

66 

182 

221 

10.666 
4,821 

20,464 
1,696 

48, 160 
2,619 

18, 111 

79,668 



Per- 
cent 
change 



+9.4 



+41.6 
+62.4 



+13.7 
+24.8 
+8.2 
+5.6 
-.1 



+20.4 
+5.6 



+6.4 



+16.6 

+41.3 

-9.6 

+9.4 

+34.2 

+18.1 

+5.7 

+19.8 

+15.8 

-11.0 
+4.6 

+32.7 
-8.6 

+20.1 

+10.6 
+20.6 
+11.8 

+1.9 
+10.2 
-14.0 

-3.7 
+15.6 



135 



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138 



Table AO.— Suburban Arrest Trends, 1970-71 

[1,808 agencies; 1971 population 41,382,000] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter... 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape -- 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft... _ _ 

Autotheft 

Violent crime ' 

Property crime ' 

Subtotal for above offenses 

Other assaults 

Arson 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement _ 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion (not included in totals) 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Runaways 



Number of persons arrested 



Total all ages 



1970 



1,291,451 



1,681 

703 

2,916 

10, 936 

24, 229 

64, 400 

137,099 

24, 886 



39, 761 
226,385 



266, 849 



61,010 
2,392 
9,018 

18, 903 
1,466 

13,623 

31, 790 

16,804 
2,194 

10, 313 

78, 821 
6,067 

16,126 

97, 632 
60, 346 
191,314 
113, 026 
9,112 
205, 398 
13, 694 
26,787 
64,661 



1,864 

649 

2,909 

12, 968 

26, 382 

69, 806 

164, 977 

24, 472 



44,103 
249, 266 



294, 007 



63, 903 
2,497 
9.344 

22. 197 
1,417 

16, 660 

34, 617 

17, 684 
2,670 

10, 174 

92,096 
5,334 

13, 607 

110,490 
60, 613 

182, 994 

111,208 
7.860 

209, 366 
12. 277 
26, 380 
61,618 



Percent 
change 



+4.9 



+10.3 
-7.7 
-.2 

+18.6 
+8.9 
+8.4 

+13.0 
-1.7 



+10.9 
+10.1 



+10.2 



+4.7 
+4.4 
+3.6 

+17.4 
-3.3 

+22.3 
+8.9 

+4.6 

+17.1 

-1.3 

+16.8 
+6.3 
-10.7 

+13.3 
+.3 

-4.3 

-1,6 
-13 8 

+1.9 
-10.3 

-6.3 
+12.8 



Under 18 years of age 



1970 



438, 207 



131 

69 

663 

3,000 

4,021 

36,146 

75,699 

14,986 



7,705 
126,831 



134, 696 




3,643 

48 

2,786 

22, 796 

169 

337 

1,196 
24,614 
11, 640 
34, 474 

2,207 
72, 769 

6,094 
26, 787 
54,661 



463, 608 



150 

63 

624 

3,666 

4,749 

38,368 

83,693 

14, 539 



9,088 
136, 600 



146, 741 

12,656 

1,771 

913 

669 

120 

6,960 

27,851 

3,632 

60 

2,663 

26, 079 

171 

370 

1,431 
26,913 
12, 023 
34, 996 

1,687 
72, 136 

6,806 
26, 380 
61,618 



Percent 
change 



+5.8 



+14.6 
-10.2 

-5.2 
+22.2 
+18.1 

+6.1 
+10.6 

-3.0 



+17.9 
+7.7 



+8.3 



+8.8 

+8.8 

+.4 

+6.1 

+110.6 

+19.2 

+7.7 

-.3 

+26.0 
-4.8 

+14.4 
+7.6 
+9.8 

+19.6 
+6.3 
+4.2 
+1.6 

-28.1 

-.9 

-4.7 

-6.3 

+12.8 



18 years of age and over 



1970 



853,244 



1,660 
644 

2,363 

7,936 
20,208 
28,254 
61, 400 

9,900 



32,066 
99, 664 



J Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
' Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



132, 264 



49, 373 

764 

8,109 

18, 282 
1,409 
8,630 
5,929 

13, 161 
2.146 
7,627 

66, 026 
4,908 

14, 789 

96. 336 
35, 731 
179, 774 
78, 562 
6,906 
132,639 
7,600 



1971 



891, 606 



1,704 
696 

2,386 

9,293 
21,633 
31, 438 
71, 284 

9,933 



36, 016 
112,666 



148, 266 



51,247 
726 

8,431 
21, 638 

1,297 
10,710 

6,766 

13, 962 
2,610 
7,621 

66, 016 
6,163 

13, 137 

109, 069 
34, 600 
170, 971 
76, 213 
6,263 
137, 220 
6,471 



Percent 
change 



+4.5 



+9.9 

-7.6 

+.9 

+17.1 

+7.1 

+11.3 

+16.1 

+.3 



+9.2 
+13.2 



+12.1 



+3.8 

-6.0 

+4.0 

+17.8 

-7.9 

+24.1 

+14.1 

+6.0 

+17.0 

-.1 

+17.8 
+6.2 
-11.2 

+13.2 
-3.2 
-4.9 
-3.0 
-9.3 
+3.6 

-14.9 



139 



Table 4i .—Suburban Arresfs by Age, 1971 

(2,226 agencies; 1971 estimated population 47,633,000) 





Grand 

total 

all ages 


Ages 

under 

15 


Ages 

under 

18 




Age 


Offense charged 


18 and 
over 


10 and 
under 


11-12 


13-14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


TOTAL -- 


1,583,822 
100.0 


198,736 
12.5 


539,080 
34.0 


1,044,742 
66.0 


25,757 
1.6 


42,882 
2.7 


130,097 
8.2 


107,933 
6.8 


123,303 
7.8 


109,108 
6.9 


99,256 
6.3 


81,483 
5.1 


69,298 


Percent distribution > 


4.4 


Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonncgligent 


2,225 

756 

3,413 

14,766 

31,292 

81,141 

176,240 

28,417 


33 

6 
107 
1,163 
1,648 
18,686 
44, 772 
4,173 


178 

69 

624 

4,113 

5,465 

44,488 

94, 636 

16,779 


2,047 
697 

2,789 
10,653 
25,837 
36,653 
81,705 
11,638 


1 

5 

78 
173 

2,567 

6,212 

80 


6 
1 

18 

248 

371 

4,127 

11,862 

444 


26 

6 

84 

837 

1,104 

11,992 

26, 708 

3,649 


39 
3 

122 
723 
1,008 
8,917 
17, 277 
4,390 


39 
20 
183 
1,014 
1.322 
9,102 
17,826 
4,788 


67 
30 
212 
1,213 
1,477 
7,783 
14,660 
3,428 


123 
44 
306 

1,425 
1,609 
■ 6,926 
12,438 
2,632 


104 
46 

217 
1,190 
1,434 
6,025 
9,079 
1,517 


108 


(6) Manslaughter by negligence . 


38 
225 




1,163 




1,452 


B urglary— breaking or entering 


3,988 
7,054 




1,116 






Violnnt crime * 


51,696 

100.0 

285,798 

100.0 


2,951 

5.7 

67,631 

23.7 


10, 370 

20.1 

165,802 

54.5 


41, 326 

79.9 

129,996 

45.6 


257 

.5 

8,859 

3.1 


643 

1.2 

16,423 

5 7 


2,061 

4.0 

42,349 

14.8 


1,892 

3.7 

30,584 

10.7 


2,658 

4.9 

31, 716 

11.1 


2,969 

5.7 

25, 871 

9.1 


3,463 

6.7 

21,896 

7.7 


2,945 

5.7 

16,621 

6.5 


2,948 




5.7 




12,168 


PpTPpnt distribution * - - - 


4.3 






Subtotal for above offenses 

Percent distribution i 


338,250 
100.0 


70,688 
20.9 


166,231 
49.1 


172,019 
60.9 


9,116 
27 


17,067 
6.0 


44,405 
13.1 


32,479 
9.6 


34,294 
10.1 


28,870 
8.6 


25,403 
7.6 


18,612 
S.5 


15.144 
4.5 




72,919 
2,945 
11,112 
26,355 
1,609 

19,126 
39,649 
20,469 

2,685 

11,554 

105,537 

6,474 

17,846 
126,789 

70,485 

216,989 

126,309 

9,078 

240,663 

13,832 

29.817 

73,330 


5,678 

1,374 

168 

162 

102 

2,012 

20,224 

1,410 

19 

1,108 
4,043 

66 
HI 

43 

3,003 
2,039 

14, 749 
417 

32,886 
2,117 
7,103 

29,326 


13,997 

2,047 

1,044 

713 

195 

6,745 

31,888 

4,180 

82 

3,015 

30, 300 

283 

446 

1,668 

30,184 
13, 813 
39,259 

1,792 
81, 652 

6,499 
29,817 
73,330 


58,922 

898 

10,068 

25,642 

1,414 

12,381 
7,761 
16,289 

2,603 

8,639 
76,237 
6,191 
17,400 
126, 121 

40,301 

203, 176 

87,060 

7,286 

159, 111 

7,333 


875 

434 

14 

18 
49 

141 

4,577 

147 

106 
60 

4 
32 

6 

35 

46 

2,111 

37 

5,390 

264 

280 

2,035 


1,445 

339 

24 

41 

17 

392 

5,794 

329 

2 

224 

322 

5 

13 

7 

219 
166 

3,506 
69 

6,982 
431 

1,035 

4,463 


3,358 

601 

130 

93 

36 

1,479 

9,853 

934 

17 

778 

3,671 

57 

66 

30 

2,749 

1,827 

9,132 

321 

20,513 
1,432 
5,788 

22,827 


2,487 

262 

134 

102 

25 

1,323 
5,010 

785 

12 

606 

5,463 

65 

67 

60 

4,690 

2,561 

7,399 

313 

16.612 
1,361 
6,822 

19,296 


2,931 
244 
307 
169 

27 

1,681 

4,076 

972 

19 

671 
9,263 
68 
120 
470 

9,777 

3,873 

8,668 

370 

17,539 
1,698 
8,931 

17, 136 


2,901 

167 

435 

290 

41 

1,729 
2,578 
1,013 

32 

630 

11,531 

84 

148 

1,095 

12, 714 

6,340 

8,443 

692 

14,516 
1,323 
6,961 
7,576 


3,361 
113 

658 
619 
31 

1,799 
1,542 
1,271 

99 

576 

13, 361 

133 

671 

2,650 

12, 873 

7,593 

9,455 

996 

14,811 
1,241 


2,932 

84 

693 

829 

33 

1,532 

988 
1,126 

151 

613 

12, 107 

122 

601 

2,827 

9,980 
6,739 
7,274 

692 
12,806 

842 


2,731 




77 




704 




1,051 




38 


Dossessine 


1,122 




685 


Weapons: carrying, possessing, etc-. 

Prostitution and commercialized vice. 
Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 


998 
131 
490 




10,160 




113 




702 
3,189 




6,818 




6,375 




6,254 




551 


All other offenses (except traffic). .--. 


11,318 
647 



























See footnotes at end of table. 



140 







Fable 41 . — Suburban 


Arrests by Age, 7977— Continued 












Offense charged 


Age 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25-29 


30-34 


35-39 


40-44 


46-49 


60-64 


65-69 


60-64 


66 and 
over 


Not 
known 


TOTAL 


60,510 
3.8 

134 
33 

228 
1,047 
1,468 
3,036 
6,922 

990 


53,335 
3.4 


48,747 
3.1 


45,291 
2.9 


143,296 
9.0 


99,767 
6.3 


85,652 
5.4 


80,070 
6.1 


66,597 
4.2 


48,790 
3.1 


30,366 
1.9 


18.008 
1.1 


14,232 
.9 




Percent distribution 1 


44 




(») 


Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegUgent 
manslaughter 


114 
38 

224 

919 
1,363 
2,693 
4,866 

741 


116 
34 

193 

816 
1,317 
2,216 
4,050 

716 


91 

34 

193 

668 

1,376 

1,869 

3,636 

688 


371 

119 

662 

1,770 

4,628 

6,226 

10,747 

1,568 


235 
60 

280 

760 
3,206 
2,470 
6,506 

751 


192 
61 

161 

417 
2,674 
1,405 
4,671 

469 


164 
62 

109 

246 
2,017 

883 
3,873 

289 


116 
46 
36 
120 
1,446 
505 
3,038 
196 


86 

37 

27 

61 

920 

277 

2,259 

96 


49 

16 

13 

36 

480 

137 

1,496 

43 


28 

14 

7 

17 

296 

50 

1,041 

22 


27 

26 

8 

9 

272 

48 

1,140 

16 




(6) Manslaughter by negligence. 
Forcible rape 












Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 




Auto theft 


1 






Violent nrime > 


2,867 
6.6 

9,947 
3.6 


2,610 
6.0 

8,189 
2.9 


2,442 
4.7 

6,982 
2.4 


2,318 
4.6 

6,093 
2.1 


7,331 

14.2 

17,541 

6.1 


4,481 
8.7 

9,727 
3.4 


3,344 
6.6 

6,436 
2.3 


2,626 
4.9 

5,045 
1.8 


1,717 
3.3 

3,738 
1.3 


1,093 

2.1 

2,632 

.9 


677 

1.1 

1,676 

.6 


348 

.7 

1,113 

.4 


316 

.6 

1,203 

.4 




Percent distribution ' . 




Property crime * 




Percent distribution > 


1 




m 


Subtotal for above offenses 

Percent distribution > 


12,847 
3.8 


10,837 
3.2 


9,468 
2.8 


8,446 
2.6 


24,991 
7.4 


14,268 
4.2 


9,840 
2.9 


7,623 
2.3 


6,601 
1.6 


3,762 
1.1 


2,268 
.7 


1,475 
.4 


1,644 
.6 


1 


Other assaults.-- 


2,990 

62 

687 

1,323 
31 

1,033 

568 

1,019 

280 

462 

8,179 

136 

747 

4,104 

1,690 
7,299 
5,796 
601 
10,237 
620 


2,803 

68 

762 

1,373 

199 

846 
427 
939 

341 

60S 

6,719 

166 

828 

4,191 

1,060 
6,540 
4,892 

485 
8,906 

469 


2,926 
44 
678 

1,463 
96 

661 
371 
871 

270 

604 

5,426 

176 

884 

4,271 

846 
6,194 
4,605 

360 
8,162 

482 


2,933 

35 

660 

1,661 

67 

660 
317 
882 

271 

496 

4,214 

216 

965 

4,273 

731 

6,699 
4,323 

325 
7,888 

360 


10,443 

130 
2,041 
6,722 

266 

1,910 

950 

2,793 

616 

1,469 
8,767 
846 
3,680 
16,548 

1,687 
21,828 
12, 626 

836 
24,637 

931 


7,844 

73 

1,224 

3,799 

186 

977 

673 

1,811 

229 

970 
3,211 

771 
2,800 
14,964 

964 
19, 681 
8,203 

536 
16,247 

648 


6,329 
62 

784 
3,027 

163 

673 

420 

1,363 

109 

739 

1,544 

825 

2,168 

15,234 

830 

21,085 

6,609 

386 
13, 218 

365 


6,327 
60 

662 
2,143 

164 

446 

330 

1,090 

84 

669 

796 

729 

1,667 

15,442 

742 

24,475 

6,779 

409 
11,467 

297 


3,705 

36 

341 

1,407 
90 

313 

271 
886 

63 

444 

409 

612 

1,015 

14,247 

668 
23,461 
4,667 

360 
8,020 

201 


2,289 

34 

166 

718 

47 

210 
136 

618 

28 

316 
189 
623 
611 
10,640 

605 
19, 271 
3,142 

325 
5,311 

160 


1,107 
13 

84 
338 

18 

103 

96 

363 

26 

201 
81 
360 
237 
6,607 

376 

12, 993 

1,784 

236 

2,997 

79 


667 
9 
18 

170 
8 

60 
46 
168 

6 

132 
42 

233 

79 

3,650 

264 
8,076 
1,016 

161 

1,708 

61 


644 
8 
16 

109 
9 

47 
42 
191 

10 

173 

32 

232 

62 

2,389 

286 
6,962 
911 
136 
1,483 
68 




Arson 


1 


Forgery and counterfeiting 








Embezzlement 




possessing 




Vandalism 




Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc... 

Prostitution and commercialized 
vice 




Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 




Narcotic drug laws 




Gambling 




Offenses against family and children. 


3 


Liquor laws 




Drunkenness 




Disorderly conduct 




Vagrancy 




All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 


6 


Curfew and loitering law violations.. 




Runaways 





























































' Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

' Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 

' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 

* Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto tlieft. 



141 



Table 42. — Suburban Arresfs of Persons Under 15, Under 18, Under 21, and Under 25 Years of Age, 1971 

[2,226 agencies; 1971 estimated population 47,633,000] 





Number of persons arrested 


Percentage 


Offense charged 


Grand 

total all 

ages 


Under 15 


Under 18 


Under 21 


Under 25 


Under 15 


Under 18 


Under 21 


Under 25 


TOTAL 


1,583,822 


198,736 


539,080 


789,117 


997,000 


12.5 


34.0 


49.8 


62.9 






Criminal iiomicide: 


2,225 

756 
3,413 
14,766 
31,292 
81,141 
176.240 
28,417 


33 

6 
107 
1,163 
1,648 
18,686 
44,772 
4,173 


178 

69 

624 

4,113 

5,455 

44,488 

94,636 

16, 779 


613 

187 

1,372 

7,891 

9,950 

60,427 

123,106 

21,944 


968 

326 

2,210 
11,331 
15,451 
70,140 
141, 569 
24,979 


1.5 

.8 
3.1 
7.9 
5.3 
23.0 
25.4 
14.7 


8.0 

7.8 
18.3 
27.9 
17.4 
54.8 
53.6 
59.0 


23.1 

24.7 
40.2 
53.4 
31.8 
74.5 
69.9 
77.2 


43.5 




43.1 




64.8 




76.7 




49.4 




86.4 




80.3 




87.9 








51,696 

285,798 


2,951 
67, 631 


10,370 
166,802 


19,726 
206,477 


29,963 
236,688 


5.7 
23.7 


20.1 
54.6 


38.2 
71.9 


58.0 




82.8 








338,250 


70. 588 


166,231 


226,390 


266,977 


20.9 


49.1 


66.6 


78.9 








72,919 
2,945 
11,112 
26.355 
1.609 
19.126 
39.649 
20,469 

2,685 
11,554 
105,537 
6,474 
17,846 
126,789 

70,485 

216,989 

126,309 

9,078 

240,663 

13,832 

29,817 

73,330 


5,678 

1,374 
168 
152 
102 

2,012 
20, 224 

1,410 

19 
1,108 
4,043 

66 
HI 

43 

3,003 
2,039 

14, 749 
417 

32,885 
2,117 
7,103 

29,325 


13,997 

2,047 

1,044 

713 

195 

6,745 

31,888 

4,180 

82 

3,015 

30,300 

283 

446 

1,668 

30,184 
13,813 
39, 259 

1,792 
81, 662 

6,499 
29, 817 
73, 330 


23,021 
2,321 
3,099 
3,212 
297 
11,198 
36,103 
7,575 

463 
4,694 
66.928 
651 
2,420 
10,334 

59,855 
34,520 
62,242 

4,031 
120,487 

9,229 
29,817 
73,330 


M,673 
2,520 
5,876 
8,922 
690 
14,398 
36,786 
11,286 

1,625 
6,561 

90,466 
1,343 
5,834 

27, 173 

64,081 
60,252 
81,858 
6,702 
155, 680 
11,150 
29,817 
73,330 


7.8 
46.7 

1.5 
.6 

6.3 
10.6 
61.0 

6.9 

.7 
9.6 
3.8 
1.0 

.6 

m 

4.3 

.9 
11.7 
4.6 
13.7 
15.3 
23.8 
40.0 


19.2 
69.6 
9.4 
2.7 
12.1 
35.3 
80.4 
20.4 

3.1 

26.1 

28.7 

4.4 

2.5 

1.3 

42.8 

6.4 

31.1 

19.7 

33.9 

47.0 

lOO.O 

100.0 


31.6 
78.8 
27.9 
12.2 
18.5 
68.5 
88.5 
37.0 

17.2 
39.8 
62.6 
10.1 
13.6 
8.2 

84.9 
15.9 
49.3 
44.4 
60.1 
66.7 
100.0 
100.0 


47.6 




85.6 




52.9 




33.9 




42.9 




76.3 




92.8 




55.1 




60.5 




56.8 




85.7 




20.7 




32.7 




21.4 




90.9 




27.8 




64.8 




62.8 


All other offenses (except traffic) ---- 


64.7 
80.6 




100.0 




100.0 







I Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
- Property crime is offenses o{b\irglary, larceny and auto tlieft. 
' Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 



142 



Table 43. — Suburban Arrests, Distribution by Sex, 1971 

[2,226 agencies; 1971 estimated population 47,633,000] 



Oflense ctiarged 



TOTAL 

Criminal liomicide: 

Ca) Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter. . . 

(6) Mauslaugliter by negligence 

Forcible rape _ 

Robbery _ 

Aggravated assault _ _.. 

Burglary— brealiing or entering 

Larceny— theft _-. 

Autotheft --- - 

Violent crime ' 

Property crime' 

Subtotal for above offenses 

Other assaults 

Arson .-. 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud .- -.. 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc -.. 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws 

Gambling- 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion -- 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Runaways 



Number of persons arrested 



Tola! 



1,5S3,S22 



2.225 

756 

3,413 

14.766 

31,292 

81.141 

176.240 

28.417 



51.696 
285.798 



338.250 



72.919 
2.945 
11.112 
26,355 
1.609 
19.126 
39.649 
20.469 

2.085 
11.554 
105.537 
6,474 
17,846 
126,789 

70,485 
216,989 
126,309 
9,078 
240,663 
13,832 
29,817 
73,330 



Male 



1,330,860 



1,851 

666 

3,413 

13,980 

27,925 

76, 975 

127,054 

26,859 



47, 169 
230,888 



278,723 



63,583 

2,700 

8,245 

18,315 

1,162 

17, 491 

36, 716 

19,125 

454 

10, 372 

88,695 

5,747 

16, 733 

117,066 

60, 797 
196, 889 
108, 133 
7,908 
202, 326 
11, 903 
22, 522 
35, 255 



Female 



252,962 



374 
90 



786 

3,367 

4,166 

49, 186 

1,558 



4,527 
54,910 



19, 527 



9,336 
245 
2,867 
8,040 
447 
1,635 
2,933 
1,344 

2,231 
1,182 
16,842 
727 
1,113 
9,723 

9,688 
20,100 
18, 176 

1,170 
38,337 

1,929 

7,295 
38, 075 



Percent 
Male 



84.0 



83.2 
88.1 
100.0 
94.7 
89.2 
94.9 
72.1 
94.6 



91.2 
80.8 



82.4 



87.2 
91.7 
74.2 
69.5 
72.2 
91.5 
92.6 
93.4 

16.9 
89.8 
84.0 
88.8 
93.8 
92.3 

86.3 
90.7 
85.6 
87.1 
84.1 
86.1 
75.5 
48.1 



Percent 
Female 



16.0 



16.8 
11.9 



5.3 
10.8 

5. 1 
27.9 

5.5 



17.6 



12.8 
8.3 
25.8 
30.5 
27.8 
8.5 
7.4 
6.6 

83.1 
10.2 
16.0 
11.2 
6.2 
7.7 

13.7 
9.3 
14.4 
12.9 
15.9 
13.9 
24.5 
51.9 



Percent of total ' 



Total 



100.0 



(') 



2.0 

5.1 

11.1 

1.8 



3.3 

18.0 



4.6 

.2 

.7 

1.7 

.1 

1.2 

2.5 

1.3 

.2 

.7 
6.7 

.4 
1.1 
8.0 

4.5 

13.7 

8.0 

.6 

15.2 

.9 

1.9 

4.6 



Male Female 



.1 
. 1 
.3 
1.1 
2.1 
5.8 
9.5 
2.0 



3.5 
17.3 



4.8 

.2 

.6 

1.4 

.1 

1.3 

2.8 

1.4 



.8 

6.7 
.4 
1.3 

8.8 

4.6 

14.8 

8.1 

.6 

15.2 

.9 

1.7 

2.6 



100.0 



(') 



.3 
1.3 

1.6 
19.4 



1.8 
21.7 



23.5 



3.7 
.1 

1.1 

3.2 
.2 
.6 

1.2 
.5 

.9 
.5 

6.7 
.3 
.4 

3.8 

3.8 

7.9 

7.2 

.5 

15.2 

.8 

2.9 

15.1 



1 Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

2 Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 

' Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
' Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



143 



Table A4.— Suburban Arrests by Race, 1971 

[2,207 agencies; 1971 estimated population 47,302,000] 



Offense charged 






Total arrests 










Percent distribution 




Total 


White 


Negro 


Indian 


Chi- 
nese 


Jap- 
anese 


AU 
others 


White 


Negro 


Indian 


Clli- 
nese 


Jap- 
anese 


AU 
others 




1,563,018 


1,304,439 


239,660 


10,169 


503 


457 


7,790 


83.5 


IS. 3 


0.7 






0.5 










Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent man- 


2,219 
750 
3,405 
14,715 1 
31,082 
80,357 
174,606 
28,228 


1,221 
628 
2,366 
7,387 
21,677 
66,010 
138,078 
22, 183 


971 

106 

1,008 

7,228 

9,103 

14, 767 

35, 162 

5,766 


8 
2 
10 
40 
137 
263 
436 
116 


1 


1 


17 
14 
22 
67 
149 
279 
728 
148 


65.0 
83.7 
69.5 
60.2 
69.7 
80.9 
79.1 
78.6 


43.8 
14.1 
29.6 
49.1 
29.3 
18.4 
20.1 
20.4 


.4 
.3 

.3 
.3 
.4 
.3 

.2 
.4 






.8 










(6) Manslaughter by negligence 


1.9 










.6 




3 

9 

23 
130 

9 


7 
26 

82 
7 






.4 








.5 








.3 




0.1 








.4 




.5 
















51,421 1 
283,191 


32, 650 
225, 271 


18, 310 
65,684 


195 
805 


13 

162 


8 
114 


245 
1,155 


63.6 
79. S 


35.6 
19.7 


.4 
.3 






.5 




.1 




.4 






Subtotal for above offenses 


335,362 


258, 649 


74, 100 


1,002 


176 


122 


1,414 


77.1 


22.1 


.3 


.1 




.4 




72,621 

2,939 

11,059 

26,278 

1,558 

18,952 
39,252 
20,311 

2,684 

11,491 
104,272 

6,447 
17,730 
125,726 

69,241 

213,457 

125,542 

9,014 

238,848 

14,002 

28,016 

68,216 


64, 926 
2,646 
8,516 

21,405 
1,304 

14, 152 
36,739 
13,866 

1,687 

10, 098 
92,685 
3,685 
14,022 
111,253 

65,636 

178, 636 

104, 669 

V, 288 

202,035 

11,820 

26,333 

63,691 


17,255 

377 

2,475 

4,813 

229 

4,682 
3,299 
6,273 

975 

1,306 
11,109 
2,738 
3, 557 
11,319 

2,868 

23, 602 

20,017 

1,620 

34, 646 

2,141 

1,604 

3, 966 


197 

7 

41 

25 

8 

20 
122 
38 

6 

26 

154 

8 

95 
634 

467 

6,395 

447 

68 
936 

20 
111 
352 


13 


11 


219 
10 
19 
35 
17 

87 
77 
123 

13 

64 

231 

16 

51 

2,453 

265 

806 

378 

41 

1,192 

15 

46 

238 


75.6 
86.6 
77.0 
81.6 
83.7 

74.7 
91.1 
68.3 

62.9 

87.9 
88.9 
57.2 
79.1 
88.5 

94.8 
83.7 
83.4 
80.9 
84.6 
84.4 
94.0 
93.2 


23.8 
12.8 
22.4 
18.3 
14.7 

24.7 
8.4 
30.9 

36.3 

11.4 
10.7 
42.6 
20.1 
9.0 

4.1 
13.4 
15.9 
18.0 
14.5 
15.3 
6.4 
5.8 


.3 

.2 
.4 
.1 
.5 

.1 
.3 
.2 

.2 

.2 
.1 

.1 
.6 
.5 

. 7 
2.5 
.4 
.6 
.4 
.1 
.4 
.6 






.3 












.3 




3 


5 






.2 












.1 












1.1 


Stolen property; buying, receiving, pos- 


6 
6 
7 

1 

2 
32 


5 
9 
4 

2 

6 
61 






.6 












2 












.6 


Prostitution and commercialized vice.. 
Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 




0.1 


.6 
.5 






.1 






.2 




.2 




2 
25 

16 
88 
16 

5 
71 

2 

7 
26 


3 

42 

10 
30 
16 

2 

69 
4 
15 
43 






.3 








2.0 












.4 












.4 












.3 




.1 








.5 




.5 












.1 






.1 

.1 




Curfew and loitering law violations 


2 
.3 







See footnotes at end of table. 



144 





Table 


44. — Suburban Arrests by Race, 1971 — Conf 


inued 












Offense charged 


Arrests under 18 ' 


Percent distribution 




Total 


White 


Negro 


Indian 


Chi- 
nese 


Japa- 
nese 


All 
others 


White 


Negro 


Indian 


Chi- 
nese 


Japa- 
nese 


AU 
others 


TOTAL 


498,956 


437.497 


58.120 


1,757 


152 


180 


1,250 


87.7 


11.6 


0.4 






3 










Criminal liomicide: 

(o) Murder and nonnegligent man- 
slaughter - - 


166 
55 
582 
3,809 
5,095 
41.018 
85,740 
15,758 


87 

60 

399 

1,769 

3.628 

33,938 

70,732 

12, 879 


76 

4 

176 

2,024 

1,623 

6,773 

14, 623 

2,776 


2 

1 

1 

7 

28 

166 

187 

47 






2 


62.4 
90 9 
68.6 
46.4 
69.2 
82.7 
82.6 
81.7 


46.2 

7.3 

30.2 

53.1 

29.9 
16.6 
16.9 
17.6 


1.2 
1.8 
.2 
.2 
.6 
.4 
.2 
.3 






1 2 


(6) Manslaughter by negligence.. .. 












Forcible rape. 






6 

8 

16 

127 

226 

43 






1 


Robbery 


1 

1 
11 
41 

8 


13 

32 

6 






2 








3 


Burglary — breaking or entering 






3 


Larceny — theft 






3 




.1 










Violent crime ' 


9.652 
142.516 


6,783 
117,649 


3,798 
24,071 


38 
390 


2 
60 


61 


31 

395 


69.9 
82.6 


39.3 
16.9 


.4 
.3 






3 




.3 












152.223 


123,382 


27,873 


429 


62 


51 


426 


81.1 


18.3 


.3 






3 










1 her assaults 


13.037 

1.884 

999 

637 

126 

5,991 
29,449 
3,840 

79 

2.852 

27,799 

260 

363 

1.551 

26.998 
12.984 
36.695 

1.716 
76.736 

6.505 
28.016 
68.216 


9,666 

1,687 

832 

644 

117 

4.699 
27, 239 
3,101 

53 

2,400 

26,362 

168 

327 

1,608 

26,226 
12, 111 
31,700 

1,666 
68, 324 

6,772 
26,333 
63, 691 


3,426 

191 

160 

91 

8 

1,364 

2,070 

715 

26 

437 

1,304 

92 

36 

31 

616 

689 
4,777 

143 
7,977 

726 
1,604 
3,966 


24 
3 

1 
1 


2 


4 


26 
3 

4 
1 
1 

21 
40 
14 

1 

7 
52 


73.3 

89.6 
83.3 
85.4 
92.9 

76.8 
92.5 
80.8 

67.1 

84.2 
94.8 
64.6 
90.1 
97.2 

97.1 
93.3 
86,4 
91.3 
89.0 
88.7 
94.0 
93.2 


26.3 
10.1 
16.0 
14.3 
6.3 

22.8 
7.0 
18.6 

31.6 

16.3 
4.7 

36.4 
9.6 
2.0 

1.9 
6.3 
13.0 
8.3 
10.4 
11.2 
6.4 
6.8 


.2 
.2 
.1 
.2 






2 








.2 


Forgery and counterfeiting 




2 




.2 


4 


Fraud 


2 












8 


Stolen property; buying, receiving, 


5 

87 
8 


2 
8 

1 


8 

1 


. 1 
.3 
.2 














.1 








.4 








1.3 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 
prostitution) 


6 
63 


1 
4 


1 
14 


.2 
.2 






.2 






.1 


.2 






Offenses against family and children 


1 

6 

179 
161 
128 

2 
196 

4 
111 
362 








.3 

.4 

.7 
1.2 
.3 
.1 
.3 
.1 
.4 
.5 








Driving under the influence 


1 
10 

1 


3 

2 
6 


6 

65 

31 

84 

5 

180 

1 

46 

238 


.1 




.3 


Liquor laws 


.2 








.2 








.2 


Vagrancy 






.3 




30 

7 
26 


29 
2 
16 
43 






.2 










Curfew and loitering law violations 

Runaways 




.1 
.1 


.2 
.3 



See footnotes at end of table. 



145 



Table 44. — Suburban Arrests by Race, 1971 — Continued 



Offense charged 



TOTAL. 



Criminal homicide; 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent man- 
slaughter 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape - 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary — breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Auto theft - 



Violent crime '.-. 
Property crime ^-. 



Subtotal tor above offenses. 



Other assaults 

Arson - 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud - --. 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, pos- 
sessing. .. 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 



Prostitution and commercialized vice... 
Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 

prostitution) 

N arcotic drug laws 

Gambling. 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 



Liquor laws 

Drunkenness. _ 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations.. 
Runaways 



Arrest 18 and over ' 



Total, 



1,904 

642 

2,603 

9,737 

24,41S 

33,850 

74,541 

11,053 



38,662 
119,444 



158,748 



56,460 
832 

9,382 
24,378 

1,260 

11, 190 
7,064 
14,739 

2,557 

7,985 

69,494 

6,086 

15,850 

113, 147 

34,072 
189,394 
82,211 
7,209 
146,794 
7,497 



White 



788,415 



1,074 
640 

1,8(X1 

6,132 
17, 146 
26, 660 
56, 376 

8,242 



25, 151 
91,278 



116, 969 



43, 018 
652 

7,216 
19, 937 

1,040 



6,032 
9,681 

1,621 

7,163 

60,421 

3,476 

12, 397 

101, 443 

31,612 
166, 811 
67, 738 
6,643 
121,268 
6,048 



Negro 



165,425 



814 
98 
780 
4,637 
7,034 
6,982 
17,444 
2.686 



13, 166 
27, 112 



40, 376 



13, 086 

172 

2,108 

4,392 

198 

2,773 

973 

4,942 

916 

766 
8,764 
2,586 
3,309 
10,606 

2,176 
26, 670 
13, 869 

1,467 
23, 876 

1,415 



Indian 



8,228 



1 

9 

32 

107 

87 

231 

54 



164 
372 



166 
2 
40 
22 

7 

13 
34 

27 



92 
616 



6,183 

314 

66 

712 

16 



Chinese 



295 



77 



Jap- 
anese 



270 



AIL 
others 



3,716 



3 

14 

36 

118 

103 

373 



175 
645 



723 



175 
6 
13 

27 
15 

66 
24 



46 

145 

16 

47 

422 

96 
622 
268 

36 
874 

14 



Percent Distribution 



-White 



81.6 



66.4 
84.1 
69.2 
52.7 
70.2 
78.8 
75.6 
74.6 



65, 1 
76.4 



73.7 



76.2 
78.4 
76.9 
81.8 
82.5 

74.5 
85.4 
65,7 

63.4 

89.7 
86.9 
57.1 
78.2 
89.7 

92.6 
82.8 
82.4 
78.3 
82.6 
80.7 



Negro 



42.8 
16.3 
30.0 
46.6 
28.8 
20.6 
23.4 
24.3 



34.1 

22.7 



26.4 



23.2 

20.7 
22.5 
18.0 
16.7 

24.8 
13.8 
33.6 

36,8 

9.5 
12.6 
42.6 
20.9 

9.4 

6.4 
14.1 
16.9 
20.3 
16.3 
18.9 



Indian 



0.9 



.3 



.2 
.1 
.1 
.6 
.6 

.8 
2.7 
.4 
.8 
.5 



Chinese 



Jap- 
anese 



AU 
others 



.4 
. 5 
.5 
.4 
.5 
.3 
.6 



.3 

.7 
.1 
.1 
1.2 

.6 
.3 
. 5 



> Violent crime is offenses of murder, foicible rape, robbery and aggravated assault, 
~ Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft, 
3 Data used only when adult and juvenile race furnished. 



146 



Table 45.— Rural Arrest Trends, 1970-71 

(997 agencies; 1971 estimated population 15,234,000) 



O flense charged 



TOTAL 

Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and noimegllgent manslaughter. 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Auto theft _ _. 

Violent crime * 

Property crime ^ .__ 

Subtotal for above offenses 

Other assaults 

Arson _ 

Forgery and counterfeiting _ 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc.. 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 

Narcotic drug laws ___ 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and cliildren ___ 

Driving under the influence ^ 

Liquor laws _ 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion (not included in totals) _ 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Runaways 



Number of persons arrested 



Total all ages 



321,563 



770 

668 

976 

1,446 

6,340 

16,964 

18, 342 

6,390 



9,631 
40, 696 



60, 796 



11, 682 
616 
3,256 
11, 318 
426 
3,177 
5,169 



189 
2,249 

11,306 
1,422 
8,073 

33,433 

22, 926 

61,649 

17, 490 

3,285 

56,812 

1,540 

1,740 

10, 911 



1971 



325, 766 



768 

470 

947 

1,647 

6,889 

17, 791 

19,046 

6,213 



10, 141 

42, 060 



62, 661 



11, 798 
567 
3,036 
12,680 
433 
3,276 
4,993 
3,871 

162 
2,200 

16, 676 
1,205 
7,967 

36, 463 

22,604 

66, 004 

21,483 

1,905 

62, 539 

1,229 

1,867 

12, 487 



Percent 
change 



+1.3 



-1.6 
-17.3 
-3.0 

+7.1 
+8.7 
+4.9 
+3.8 
-3.3 



+6.4 
+3.3 



+3.7 



+1.9 
-8.0 
-6.8 
+12.0 
+1.6 
+3.1 
-3.4 
+.8 

-19.6 

-2.2 

+38.7 

-16.3 

-1.3 

+9.1 

-1.8 

-9.0 
+22.8 
-42.0 

-7.5 
-20.2 

+7.3 
+14.4 



Under 18 years ot age 



62, 582 



32 

26 

143 

241 

453 

7,696 

6,604 

2,663 



869 
16, 762 



17,666 



771 
269 
337 
117 
10 
769 
3,136 
307 

10 

278 

2,034 

9 

80 



7,477 
1,968 
2,146 
1,390 

10, 641 

602 

1,740 

10,911 



1971 



64, 098 



68 

30 

113 

263 

665 

7,899 

6,696 

2,533 



17, 127 



18, 166 



794 
224 



2,799 
313 

7 

261 

2,768 

20 

108 

423 

7,981 
2,072 
2,170 
206 
10, 343 
616 
1,867 
12, 487 



Percent 
change 



+2.4 



+81.3 
+20.0 
-21.0 
+9.1 
+24.7 
+4.0 
+2.9 
-4,9 



+16.0 
+2.2 



+2.8 



^ V^iolent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
' Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny, and auto theft. 



+3.0 
-16.7 
-20.2 
+16.2 
+10.0 

-9.9 
-10.7 

+2.0 

-30.0 
-6.1 
+35.6 
+122. 2 
+36.0 
-32.6 

+6.7 
+5.3 
+1.2 

-85.2 
-1.9 

-14.3 
+7.3 

+14.4 



18 years of age and over 



258, 981 



738 

543 

833 

1,204 

6,887 

9,369 

11,838 

2,727 



8,662 
23,934 



33, 139 



10,811 
347 
2,919 
11,201 
416 
2,408 
2,034 
3,632 

179 
1,971 
9,272 
1,413 
7,993 
32, 806 

15,449 
69, 681 
15, 346 
1,895 
46, 271 
938 



1971 



261, 668 



700 

440 

834 

1,284 

6,324 

9,892 

12, 361 

2,680 



9,142 
24,923 



34, 606 



11, 004 
343 

2,767 
12,644 
422 
2,682 
2,194 
3,658 

146 
1,939 

12, 918 
1,186 
7,859 

36,040 

14, 623 
63, 932 
19, 313 
1,699 
42, 196 
713 



Percent 
change 



+1.0 



-6.2 
-19.0 
+.1 
+6.6 
+7.4 
+5.6 
+4.3 
-1.7 



+6.6 
+4.1 



+4.1 



+1.8 
-1.2 
-6.2 
+12.0 
+1.4 
+7.2 
+7.9 
+.7 

-19.0 
-1.6 
+39.3 
-16.1 
-1.7 
+9.9 

-6.0 

-9.5 

+26.9 

-10.3 

-8.8 

-24.0 



147 



Table A6.— Rural ArresH by Age, 1971 

[1,292 agencies; 1971 estimated population 20,666,000) 





Grand 

total 

all ages 


Ages 

under 

15 


Ages 

under 

18 


Ages 

18 and 

over 


Age 


Oflense charged 


10 and 
under 


11-12 


"13-14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


TOTAL 


462,970 
100.0 


21,088 
4.6 


88,836 
19.4 


374, 134 
80.6 


2,223 
0.5 


3,599 
0.8 


15,266 
3.3 


17,130 
3.7 


24,372 
5.3 


26,246 
5.7 


29,188 
6.3 


26,406 
5.7 


22,879 


Percent distribution i _ 


4.9 


Criminal iiomicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 


1,057 

534 

1,343 

2,250 

9,995 

26,660 

27,328 

7,460 


7 

4 

18 

56 

152 

3,816 

2,640 

846 


88 

36 

171 

399 

793 

11.937 

9,270 

3,505 


969 

498 

1,172 

1,851 

9,202 

14,723 

18,068 

3,955 




1 
1 


6 
3 

18 
47 
110 

2,470 

1,713 

744 


17 

4 

19 

69 

125 

2,334 

1,657 

1,013 


25 
11 

60 

122 

207 

3,047 

2,529 

926 


39 
17 

84 
162 
309 
2,740 
2,644 
720 


28 
19 
111 

188 

444 

2,832 

2,762 

655 


36 
30 
100 
195 
446 
2,084 
2,081 
494 


32 


(W Manslaughter by negligence. 


32 
92 




2 

14 

603 

293 

13 


7 

28 

843 

534 

89 


166 




453 


Burglary— breaking or entering 


1,622 
1,640 


Aiitn theft 


343 








14,645 
100.0 

61,448 
100.0 


233 

1.6 

7,202 

11.7 


1,461 

9.9 

24, 712 

40.2 


13, 194 
90.1 

36, 736 
69.8 


16 

.1 

809 

1.3 


36 

_ 2 

1,466 

2.4 


181 

1.2 

4,927 

8.0 


220 

1.5 

6,004 

8.1 


404 

2.8 

6,602 

10.6 


594 

4.1 

6,004 

9.8 


771 

5.3 

6,249 

10.2 


776 
5.3 

4,639 
7.5 


743 


Pprf pnt distribution * 


5.1 




3,605 


Percent distribution ' -- 


6.9 






Subtotal for above offenses 

Percent distribution i . , 


76,627 
100.0 


7,439 
9.7 


26, 199 
34.2 


50,428 
65.8 


826 
1.1 


1,603 
2.0 


5,111 
6.7 


6,228 
6.8 


6,917 
9.0 


6,615 
8.6 


7,039 
9.2 


6,448 
7.1 


4,380: 
5.7 




18,568 

822 

4,389 

17,757 

584 

5,093 
7,438 
5,918 

207 

3,031 
26,086 

1,996 
10,519 
55,948 

28,058 
75,727 
28,701 
3,168 
71,909 
1,626 
2,261 
16,537 


268 

162 

52 

11 

6 

167 

1,757 

135 

2 

96 

309 

1 

21 

12 

623 
181 
542 
43 

3,605 
100 
418 

5,138 


1,361 

319 

367 

213 

29 

1,115 

4,043 

629 

12 

384 

4,302 

27 

163 

672 

9,725 

2.663 

2,996 

392 

13,928 

610 

2,261 

16, 537 


17, 207 

503 

4,022 

17,544 
555 

3,978 
3,395 
5,389 

196 

2,647 
21,784 

1,969 
10, 366 

65, 276 

18,333 
73,064 
25, 706 

2,776 
67,981 

1,016 


26 

64 

4 

1 

13 

367 

15 


60 

48 

5 

1 

2 

33 

451 

37 


182 
50 
43 
9 
4 

121 

939 

83 

2 

64 
293 

1 
14 

6 

658 

154 

372 

30 

2,403 

61 

326 

4,440 


194 
48 
43 
30 
3 

202 
667 

71 

1 

81 

538 

6 

18 

20 

1,266 

327 

407 

54 

2,734 
138 
499 

4,566 


397 
50 

110 

61 

7 

348 
807 
152 

3 

100 

1,314 

5 

28 

147 

3,164 
853 
828 
129 

3,592 
181 
702 

4,487 


602 

69 

162 

121 

13 

398 
812 
171 

6 

107 

2,141 

16 

86 

493 

4,682 

1,302 

1,218 

166 

3,997 

191 

642 

2,347 


770 
82 
284 
340 
16 

457 
661 
237 

15 

191 

3,491 

21 

319 

1,149 

6,182 
2,033 
2,011 

290 
4,453 

157 


764 
47 
272 
479 
22 

412 

465 
266 

11 

167 

3,844 

39 

327 
1,438 

4,069 
2,060 
1,818 
213 
4,170 
88 


800 




47 




284 


Fraud 


612 




17 




346 




328 


Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc... 
Prostitution and commercialized 


263 
9 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 


13 
4 


19 
12 


170 




3,160 




20 


Offenses against family and children. 


4 
6 

17 
4 
55 
9 
621 
10 
18 
147 


3 

48 
23 

115 
4 

581 
29 
74 

551 


388 
1,484 




2,469 




2,175 




1,640 




194 


AU other offenses (except traffic) 


4,038 
66 


Curfew and loitering law violations. . 























See footnotes at end of table. 



148 









Table 


46— Rural Arrests by Age, 1971 
























Age 














Offense charged 


21 


22 


23 


■2A 


25-29 


30-34 


35-39 


40-44 


46^9 


50-64 


65-59 


60-64 


65 and 
over 


Not 
known 


TOTAL 

Percent distribution ' 


20,179 
4.3 


18,663 
4.0 


17,011 
3.7 


16,439 
3.5 


50,472 
10.9 


37,311 
8.0 


33, 116 
7.1 


30,452 
6.6 


26,091 
5.6 


19,263 
4.2 


12,619 
2,7 


7,573 
1.6 


6,466 
1.4 


6 




1?) 


Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 


44 

36 

90 

155 

457 

1,245 

1,337 

341 


42 

44 

103 

138 

482 

1,009 

1,161 

254 


63 
19 
71 
134 
492 
850 
916 
243 


47 
29 
81 
130 
488 
733 
866 
213 


179 
88 

223 

331 
1,637 
1,885 
2,393 

564 


111 
66 

128 

174 
1,122 

927 
1,456 

298 


97 

34 

81 

102 

903 

686 

1,037 

217 


83 

27 
38 
76 
782 
407 
843 
136 


71 
34 

18 
24 
567 
283 
578 
96 


66 
16 
20 
18 
411 
164 
431 
57 


36 

21 
10 
13 

264 
76 

233 
28 


26 
3 

2 

4 
135 

24 
162 

10 


30 
10 
4 
3 
128 
27 
162 
7 




(6) Manslaughter by negligence. 
Forcible rape 








Aggravated assault 




Burglary — breaking or entering 




Auto theft 










746 

6. I 

2,923 

4.8 


765 

5.2 

2,424 

3.9 


760 

6.1 

2,009 

3.3 


746 

5.1 

1,812 

2.9 


2,370 

16.2 

4,842 

7.9 


1,535 

10.5 

2,681 

4.4 


1,183 
8.1 

1,840 
3.0 


979 

6.7 

1,385 

2.3 


680 
16 
957 
1.6 


605 
3.4 
642 
1.0 


312 

2.1 

336 

.6 


167 
1.1 
196 
.3 


166 
1.1 
196 
.3 










f?) 


Percent distribution * ... 








Subtotal for above offenses 

Percent distribution ' 


3,705 
4.8 


3,233 

4.2 


2,778 
3.6 


2,687 
3.4 


7,300 
9.6 


4,272 
5.6 


3,067 
4.0 


2,391 
3.1 


1,671 
2.2 


1,163 
1.6 


669 
.9 


366 
.5 


371 
.6 


1 




(-) 




875 

27 

274 

649 

23 

278 
287 
326 

16 

186 

2,658 

37 

404 
1,859 

814 
2,320 
1,656 

145 

3,666 

77 


863 
31 
219 
796 
32 

269 
204 
323 

17 

171 

2,155 

34 

431 
1,824 

674 
2,445 
1,473 

122 

3,396 

72 


843 
23 

228 
901 
22 

240 
188 

292 

16 

140 

1,676 

37 

539 
1,946 

431 

2,230 

1,280 

110 

3,049 

45 


866 
17 
236 
979 
27 

202 
137 

271 

11 

122 

1,290 

47 

585 
1,861 

367 
2,408 
1,284 

116 

2,994 

43 


3,070 
64 
710 

3,472 
93 

677 

392 

1,011 

37 

375 
2,181 

183 
2,172 
6,929 

902 
8,109 
3,681 

231 
8,793 

100 


2,227 

47 

450 

2,705 

78 

406 
237 
637 

25 

252 

680 

206 

1,697 

6,211 

618 
7,414 
2,650 

233 

6,184 

82 


1,927 

42 

315 

2,165 
73 

262 
156 
604 

19 

236 

246 

232 

1,377 

6,446 

641 
7,931 
2,216 

179 

5,026 

70 


1,668 

26 

266 

1,791 
56 

165 
133 

466 

10 

185 
187 
220 
931 
6,436 

688 
8,744 
1,963 

242 

4,043 

41 


1,077 
23 

285 
1,179 

47 

HI 

86 

319 

6 

146 
107 
237 
698 
6,105 

507 
8,423 
1,567 

222 

3,288 

87 


709 
13 

118 
791 
28 

86 
54 
207 

2 

120 

62 

211 

324 

4,660 

455 
6,876 
1,087 

158 

2,111 

48 


417 
11 
37 

396 
12 

37 

42 
127 

70 
29 
178 
148 
3,342 

312 
4,686 
673 
136 
1,276 
22 


242 

6 

28 

143 
3 

23 
21 
63 

1 

58 

13 

143 

66 

1,963 

208 
2,892 
416 
104 
801 
13 


209 
7 
16 

146 
6 

18 
24 

77 

2 

68 

17 

124 

60 

1,636 

206 

2,318 

393 

83 

691 

5 




Arson 












Embezzlement 




Stolen property; buying, receiving. 








Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc... 

Prostitution and commercialized 
vice 




Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 


1 


Narcotic drug laws _ 






Offenses against family and children. 
Driving under the influence 




Drunkenness 












All other offenses (except traffic). ... 


4 


Curfew and loitering law violations.. 




Runaways 





























































1 Because of rounding, the percentE^es may not add to total. 

2 Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 

3 Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and ^pravated assault. 
* Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



149 



Table AT.— Rural Arresfs of Persons Under 15, Under 18, Under 27, and Under 25 Years of Age, 1971 

[1,292 agencies; 1971 estimated population 20,566,000) 



Offense charged 


Grand 

total 

all ages 


Number of persons arrested 


Percentage 


Under 15 


Under 18 


Under 21 


Under 25 


Under 15 


Under 18 


Under 21 


Under 25 


TOTAL 


462,970 


21,088 


88,836 


167,309 


239,601 


4.6 


19.2 


36.1 


51.8 


Criminal liomicide: 


1,057 
534 
1,343 
2,250 
9,995 
26,660 
27,328 
7,460 


7 

4 

18 

56 

152 

3,816 

2,640 

846 


88 

36 

171 

399 

793 

11,937 

9,270 

3,505 


183 

117 

474 

948 

2,136 

18,455 

15,753 

4,997 


369 

246 

819 

1,605 

4,055 

22,292 

20,033 

6,048 


.7 
.7 
1.3 
2.5 
1.6 
14.3 
9.3 
11.3 


8.3 

6.7 
12.7 
17.7 

7.9 
44.8 
33.9 
47.0 


17.3 
21.9 
35.3 
42.1 
21.4 
69.2 
57.6 
67.0 


34.9 




45.9 




61.0 




66.9 




40.6 




83.6 




73.3 


Auto tlieft.- -- 


81.1 




14,645 
61,448 


233 

7,202 


1,451 
24,712 


3,741 
39,205 


6,748 
48,373 


1.6 
11.7 


9.9 
40.2 


25.5 
63.8 


46.1 




78.7 






Subtotal for above offenses - - 


76,627 


7,439 


26,199 


43, 063 


55, 366 


9.7 


34.2 


56.2 


72.3 




18,568 

822 

4,389 

17,757 

534 

5,093 

7,438 

5,918 

207 
3,031 
26,086 
1,996 
10,519 
55,948 

28,058 

75,727 

28,701 

3,168 

71,909 

1,626 

2,261 

16,537 


268 

162 

52 

11 

6 

167 

1,757 

135 

2 

96 

309 

1 
21 
12 

623 
181 
542 
43 

3,605 
100 
418 

5,138 


1,361 

319 

367 

213 

29 

1,115 

4,043 

629 

12 

384 

4,302 

27 

163 

672 

9,725 
2; 663 
2,996 
392 
13,928 
610 
2,261 
16, 637 


3,695 
496 
1,207 
1,644 
84 
2,329 
5,477 
1,295 

47 

912 

14, 797 

107 

1,187 

4,743 

21,435 
8,931 
8,464 
1,089 

26, 689 

921 

2, 261 

16, 637 


7,122 
593 
2,164 
4,969 
188 
3,308 
6,293 
2,507 

105 

1.630 

22, 575 

262 

3,146 

12,232 

23,621 

18, 334 

14, 066 

1,581 

39, 693 

1,158 

2,261 

16, 537 

i 


1.4 

19.7 

1.2 

.1 

1.0 

3.3 

23.6 
2.3 

1.0 

3.2 

1.2 

.1 

2 

(3) 

2.2 

1.9 
1.4 
6.0 
6.3 
18.6 
31.1 


7.3 

38.8 
8.4 
1.2 
5.0 
21.9 
54.4 
8.9 

5.8 
12.7 
16.5 
1.4 
1.5 
1.2 

34.7 
3.5 
10.4 
12.4 
19.4 
37.5 
100.0 
100.0 


19.9 
60.2 
27.5 
9.3 
14.4 
45.7 
73.6 
21.9 

22.7 
30.1 
56.7 

5.4 
11.3 

8.5 

76.4 
11.8 
29.6 
34.4 
37.0 
56.6 
100.0 
100.0 


38.4 




72.1 




49.3 




28.0 




32.2 




65.0 




84.6 




42.4 




50.7 




50.5 




86.5 




13.1 




29.9 




21.9 




84.2 




24.2 




49.0 




49.9 




55.2 




71.2 




100.0 




100.0 







1 Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 

2 Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 

3 Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 



150 



Table A8.— Rural Arrests, Distribution by Sex, 1971 

[1,292 agencies; 1971 estimated population 20,666,000] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL.. 



Criminal homicide; 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter. 

(6) Manslaughter by negligence 

Forcible rape. . 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary— brealting or entering 

Larceny — theft 

Autotheft - - 



Violent crime'.. 
Property crime ' 



Subtotal for above offenses. 



Other assaults 

Arson - 

Forgery and counterfeiting. -. 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing. 

Vandalism , 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 



Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) . 

Narcotic drug laws _ 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence - 



Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Ourfew and loitering law violations.. 
Runaways 



Number of persons arrested 



Total 



462,970 



1,057 

634 

1,343 

2,250 

9,995 

26,660 

27,328 

7,460 



14.645 
61,448 



76,627 



18,568 
822 
4,389 
17,757 
584 
5,093 
7,438 
5,918 

207 

3,031 

26,086 

1.996 

10,519 

55,948 

28,058 
75,727 
28,701 
3,168 
71.909 
1,626 
2,261 
16,537 



Male 



409,850 



911 

452 

1,343 

2,124 

9,047 

26,409 

24,073 

7,061 



13,425 
66,643 



70,420 



16, 899 
778 
3,607 
13,465 
602 
4,761 
6,932 
6,676 

82 

2,762 

22, 840 

1,759 

10,078 

53,439 

24,526 
71, 118 
21, 769 
2,906 
63, 491 
1,436 
1,666 
9,152 



Female 



53,120 



146 

82 



126 

948 

1,261 

3,266 

399 



1,220 
4,906 



6,207 



1,669 
44 
882 
4,292 
82 
342 
606 
343 

126 

269 

3,246 

237 

441 
2,609 

3,533 

4,609 

6,932 
262 

8,418 
191 
596 

7,385 



Percent 
male 



86.2 
84.6 
100.0 
94.4 
90.6 
96.3 
88.1 
94.7 



91.7 
92.0 



91.9 



91.0 
94.6 
79.9 
76.8 
86.0 
93.3 
93.2 
94.2 

39.6 
91.1 
87.6 
88.1 
95.8 
95.6 

87.4 
93.9 
76.8 
91.7 
88.3 
88.3 
73.6 
66.3 



Percent 
female 



11.5 



13.8 
16.4 



5.6 
9.6 
4.7 
11.9 
6.3 



8.3 

8.0 



8.1 



9.0 
6.4 
20.1 
24.2 
14.0 
6.7 
6.8 
6.8 

60.4 
8.9 
12.4 
11.9 
4.2 
4.6 

12.6 
6.1 
24.2 
8.3 
11.7 
11.7 
28.4 
44.7 



Percent of total ' 



Total 



100.0 



.2 
.1 
.3 

.6 

2.2 
5.8 
5.9 
1.6 



3.2 
13.3 



4.0 
.2 
.9 
3.8 
.3 
1.1 
1.6 
1.3 

(') 
.7 

6.6 
.4 

2.3 
12.1 

6.1 

16.4 

6.2 

.7 

16.5 

.4 

.6 

3.6 



Male 



100.0 



.2 

.1 

.3 

.5 

2.2 

6.2 

6.9 

1.7 



3.3 

13.8 



4.1 
.2 

.9 

3.3 

.1 

1.2 
1.7 
1.4 

(<) 
.7 

6.6 
.4 

2.5 
13.0 

6.0 

17.4 

5.3 

.7 

16.6 

.3 

.4 

2.2 



Female 



100.0 



.3 

.2 



.2 
1.8 

2.4 
6.1 



2.3 

9.2 



3.1 

.1 
1.7 
8.1 

.2 

.6 
1.0 

.6 

.2 
.6 

6.1 
.4 
.8 

4.7 

6.7 

8.7 

13.0 

.5 

16.8 

.4 

1.1 

13.9 



* Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

2 Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
' Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 

* Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 



151 



Table A9.— Rural Arrests by Race, 1971 

[1,292 agencies; 1971 estimated population 20,413,000] 









Total arrests 








Percent distribution 


Offense charged 


Total 
452,225 


Wliite 


Negro 


In- 
dian 


Clii- 
nese 


Japa- 
nese 


All 
others 


White 


Negro 


In- 
dian 


Chi- 
nese 


Japa- 
nese 


All 
others 


TOT AL 


387,499 


46,595 


12,685 


313 


119 


5,014 


85.7 


10.3 


2.8 


0.1 




1.1 






Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegllgent man- 


1,043 
529 
1,308 
2,208 
9,755 
26,470 
26,920 
7,290 


677 
404 
1,004 
1,488 
7,069 
23,376 
23, 339 
6,186 


322 
90 

242 

660 
2,354 
2,279 
2,895 

717 


30 
13 
33- 

60 
228 
633 

472 
295 


2 




12 
22 
29 
9 
110 
177 
176 
82 


64.9 
76.4 
76.8 
67.4 
72.4 
88.3 
86.7 
84.9 


30.9 
17.0 
18.6 
29.4 
24.1 

8.6 
10.8 

9.8 


2.9 
2.5 
2.6 
2.7 
2.3 
2.4 
1.8 
4.0 


^ 2 




1.2 


(6) Manslaugliter by negligence 


4.2 










2.2 




1 
4 
2 
27 
6 


3 

11 
5 






.4 








1.1 








.7 




.1 
.1 


.1 


.7 


Aiitnthpft 


1.1 








14,314 
60,680 


10,228 
62,901 


3,668 
6,891 


361 

1,400 


7 
34 


19 


160 
436 


71.6 
87.2 


24.9 
9.7 


2.5 
2.3 






1.1 




•1 




.7 






Subtotal for above offenses _ - - - 


75,523 


63, 633 


9,649 


1,764 


41 


19 


617 


84.1 


12.6 


2.3 


.1 




.8 




18,362 

834 

4,346 

17,707 
575 

4,949 
7,415 
5,855 

206 

2,979 
25,503 

1,980 
10,405 
54,072 

26, 136 

74,489 

28,446 

3,207 

70,362 

1,608 

2,135 

15, 131 


14, 368 

767 

3,766 

16, 068 
630 

4,017 
6,822 
4,120 

137 

2,709 

23, 630 

1,370 

8,884 

46, 001 

24, 126 

62, 221 

23, 949 

2,801 

60,366 

1,470 

1,881 

14, C63 


3,386 

63 

606 

1,629 

36 

797 

380 

1,620 

67 

220 
1,711 

657 
1,332 
4,837 

1,091 

6,742 

3,467 

272 

7,794 

84 

117 

450 


440 

10 

69 

97 

6 

66 

174 
64 

1 

30 

104 

141 
1,337 

694 

4,806 

801 

92 

1,316 

46 

114 

626 


1 


3 


164 

4 

12 

21 

5 

36 
39 
69 

20 

118 

61 

47 

1,876 

216 

618 

218 

40 

844 

8 

21 

81 


78.2 
92.0 
86.4 
90.7 
92.2 

81.8 
92.0 
70.4 

66.6 

90.9 
92.3 
69.2 
86.4 
85.1 

92.3 
83.6 
84.2 
87.3 
86.8 
91.4 
88.1 
92.9 


18.4 
6.4 

11.6 
8.6 
6.1 

16.1 

5.1 

27.7 

32.6 

7.4 
6.7 
28.1 
12.8 
8.9 

4.2 
9.1 

12.2 
8.6 

11.1 
6.2 
5.5 
3.0 


2.4 
1.2 
1.6 
.6 

.9 

1.3 
2.3 

.9 

.5 

1.0 
.4 

1.4 
2.5 

2.7 
6.6 
2.8 
2.9 
1.9 
2.9 
6.3 
3.6 






.9 




.6 




1 
2 


3 




.1 


.3 




.1 












.9 


Stolen property; buying, receiving, pos- 


1 


3 




.1 


.7 




.6 






2 
1 






1.0 






.6 




Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 


.7 




25 
1 

8 

6 

192 

4 

1 

22 


16 
1 
1 

13 

3 

- 10 

7 

1 

31 


.1 
.1 


.1 
.1 


.6 




2.6 




.6 








3.5 












.8 




.3 








.7 




.8 












1.2 












1.2 












.6 


Curfew and loitering law violations 


8 


2 
4 


.1 


.1 


1.0 
.6 







See footnotes at end of table. 



152 





TabI 


E 49.— Rural Arrests by Race, 


1971- 


-Continued 


















^Vrrests under 18 3 


Percent distribution 


Offense charged 


Total 


White 


Negro 


Indian 


Chi- 
nese 


Japa- 
nese 


All 
others 


White 


Negro 


Indian 


Clli- 
nese 


Japa- 
nese 


All 
others 


TOTAL 


79,822 

79 

29 

166 

355 

702 

10,477 

8,335 

3,141 


71,476 


5,145 


2,583 


36 


26 


556 


89.5 


6.4 


3.2 






0.7 








Criminal homicide: 

(0) Murder and nonnegligent man- 
slaughter... 


60 
23 
115 

248 

608 

9,337 

7,362 

2,728 

931 

19,427 


12 

5 

38 

96 

156 

759 

726 

247 

302 
1,732 


6 

1 

8 

9 

32 

289 

140 

131 

65 
560 






1 


76.9 
79.3 
69.3 
69.9 
72.4 
89.1 
88.3 
86.9 


16.2 

17.2 

22.9 

27.0 

22.2 

7.2 

8.7 

7.9 


7.6 
3.4 
4.8 
2.6 
4.6 
2.8 
1.7 
4.2 

4.2 
2.6 






1.3 


(6) Manslaughter by negligence 










Forcible rape 






6 

2 

6 

90 

78 

31 






3.0 
.6 
.9 
.9 
.9 

1.0 


Robbery 










Aggravated assault 










Burglary— brealiing or entering 


22 
1 


2 
7 
3 






Larceny — theft. ... .__ 


.3 


.1 
.1 






Violent crime ' .. 


1,302 
21,953 


14 
199 


71.6 
88.6 


23.2 
7.9 






1.1 
.9 


Property crime 2 ... . . 


23 


12 


.1 


.1 




Subtotal for above offenses 


23,284 


20,381 


2,039 


616 


23 


12 


213 


87.6 


8.8 


2.6 


.1 


.1 








Other assaults 


1,266 

297 

339 

198 

24 

954 

3,620 

479 

12 

373 
3,794 
21 
124 
621 

8,059 
2,492 
2,777 
390 
12,822 
610 
2,135 
15, 131 


966 
278 
311 
181 
24 

810 
3.344 

429 

6 

321 

3.627 

15 

112 

581 

7,651 
1,980 
2,344 
339 
11,258 
574 
1,881 
14,063 


257 
12 
24 
13 


34 

5 
2 
4 






9 
2 
1 


76.3 
93.6 
91,7 
91.4 
100.0 

84.9 
92.4 
89.6 

50.0 

86.1 
95.6 
71.4 
90.3 
93.6 

94.9 
79.5 
84.4 
86.9 
87.8 
94.1 
88.1 
92.9 


20.3 
4.0 
7.1 
6.6 


2.7 

1.7 

.6 

2.0 


" 




.7 
.7 
.3 


Arson 










Forgery and counterfeiting - 




1 




.3 


Fraud 


Embezzlement 














ing. 


126 
150 
44 

6 

38 
93 
6 
7 
13 

117 
102 
307 
26 
1,174 
24 
117 
450 


9 

117 

3 






9 
9 
3 


13.2 
4.1 
9.2 

60.0 

10.2 
2.5 

28.6 
5.6 
2.1 

1.5 
4.1 
11.1 
6.7 
9.2 
3.9 
5.5 
3.0 


.9 

3.2 

.6 






.9 
.2 
.6 












Weapons: carrying, possessing, etc . 










Prostitution and commercialized vice 










Sex offenses (except forcible rape and pros- 
titution) 


10 
32 






4 
39 


2.7 
.8 






1.1 
1.0 






3 




.1 


Gambling . 




2 
20 

239 
390 
111 

11 
327 

12 
114 
525 






3 

7 

48 
20 
14 
14 
59 


1.6 
3.2 

3.0 
15.7 
4.0 
2.8 
2.6 
2.0 
5.3 
3.5 






2.4 


Driving under the influence 












Liquor laws 


3 


1 






.6 








Disorderly conduct. 




1 






5 


Vagrancy . 








All other offenses (except traffic) _. 


2 


2 






5 


Suspicion 








Curlew and loitering law violations 




2 


21 
81 


.1 


.1 


1.0 
.5 









See footnotes at end of table. 



153 



472-311 0-72-11 





Table 


49. — Rural Arrests by Race, 


1977— 


Continued 














Arrests 18 and over 3 1 


Percent distribution 


Offense charged 


Total 


WUte 


Negro 


Indian 


Chi- 
nese 


Japa- 
nese 


AJl 
others 


White 


Negro 


Indian 


Chi- 
nese 


Japa- 
nese 


AU 
others 


TOTAL 


341,279 


288,975 


39,907 


9,698 


275 


92 


2,332 


84.7 


11.7 


2.8 


0.1 




0.7 






Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent man- 
slaughter - 


8% 

457 

1,061 

1,712 

8,562 

13.470 

16,383 

3,635 


666 

369 

816 

1,149 

6,129 

11,662 

13,903 

3,021 


294 
85 

197 

605 
2,151 
1,433 
2,084 

431 


24 
12 
26 
61 
189 
317 
308 
143 


2 




11 
1 
23 
6 
89 
65 
79 
34 


63.1 

78.6 
76.9 
67.1 
71.6 
86.6 
84.9 
83.1 


32.8 
18.6 
18.6 
29.5 
26.1 
10.6 
12.7 
11.9 


2.7 
2.6 
2.4 
3.0 
2.2 
2.4 
1.9 
3.9 


.2 




1.2 




.2 












2.2 




1 
4 
2 
6 


1 
4 


.1 




.4 


Aggravated assault 


1.0 








.5 








.5 




4 2 


.1 


.1 


.9 












12,231 

33,488 


8,669 
28,676 


3,147 
3,948 


289 
768 


7 
11 


7 


129 
178 


70.8 
85.3 


25.7 
11.8 


2.4 
2.3 


.1 




1.1 


Property crime ^ 


.5 












46, 176 


37,694 


7,180 


1,069 


18 


7 


308 


81.4 


15.6 


2.3 






.7 














16,237 

461 

3,692 

17, 141 
472 

3,464 
3,020 
4,940 

185 

2,458 

19,865 

1,883 

8,998 

49,957 

13,014 
68,200 
24,764 
2,791 
52,663 
998 


12,613 

416 

3,160 

15,669 

439 

2,776 
2,730 
3,368 

126 

2,262 

18,206 

1,344 

7,676 

43,666 

11,692 
66,850 
20,767 
2,438 
44,619 
896 


3,096 

41 

464 

1,462 
27 

620 

216 

1,480 

67 

174 
1,606 

486 
1,249 
4,778 

910 
6,433 
3,121 

246 

6.302 

60 


387 
3 

66 

91 

6 

60 
54 
51 

1 

19 
69 

134 
1,300 

412 

4,278 

674 

80 
921 

34 


1 


3 


138 

1 

9 

17 

1 

16 

20 
49 

13 

47 
61 
39 
192 

96 
437 
192 

25 

673 

8 


77.7 
90.2 
85.3 
90.8 
93.0 

80.1 
90.4 
68.0 

68.1 

91.6 
91.6 
71.4 
84.2 
87.4 

89.1 
83.4 
83.9 
87.4 
84.9 
89.8 


19.1 
8.9 

12.6 
8.5 
6.7 

17.9 

7.2 

30.0 

30.8 

7.1 
7.6 
25.8 
13.9 
9.6 

7.0 

9.4 
12.6 

8.8 
12.0 

6.0 


2.4 

.7 
1.8 

.6 
1.1 

1.4 
1.8 
1.0 

.6 

.8 
.3 

1.5 
2.6 

3.2 
6.3 
2.7 
2.9 
1.8 
3.4 






.8 








.2 




1 
2 


2 




.1 


.2 


Fraud 


.1 


Embezzlement - . _ - 






.2 


possessing 


1 


2 




.1 


.6 




.7 






2 

1 






1.0 


Prostitution and commercialized vice.. 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 




.6 


.5 




25 

1 

8 

2 

192 

4 

1 

19 


12 
1 
1 

13 

2 
10 
6 

1 
29 


.1 
.1 


.1 
.1 


.2 




2.7 




.4 






.4 








.7 




.3 




.6 




.8 








.9 


AH other offenses (except traffic) _. . 




.1 


1.3 




.8 







































































1 Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
' Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny, and auto theft. 
' Data used only when adult and juvenile race furnished. 



154 





Table SO.—Suburban and Rural Arrest Trends ' by Sex, 1970-71 












1,808 suburban agencies; 1971 estimated population 41,382,000 


997 rural agencies; 1971 estimated population 15,234,000 


Offense charged 


Males 


Females 


Males 


Females 




1970 


1971 


Per- 
cent 
change 


1970 


1971 


Per- 
cent 
change 


1970 


1971 


Per- 
cent 
change 


1970 


1971 


Per- 
cent 
change 


Total 


1,093,583 


1,137,912 


+4.1 


197, 868 


217,302 


+9.8 


291,049 


288,676 


-0.8 


30,514 


38, 102 








Criminal homicide: 

(a) Murder and nonnegligent 
manslaughter 


1,410 
608 

2,916 
10,333 
21,555 
61,471 
99,669 
23,557 


1,562 
570 
2,909 
12,269 
23,661 
66,306 
111,531 
23,140 


+10.8 
-6.3 
-.1 

+18.7 
+9.3 
+7.9 

+11.9 
-1.8 


271 
95 


292 
79 


+7.7 
-16.8 


654 

626 

976 

1,303 

6,912 

16,148 

16,623 

6,096 


662 

392 

947 

1,447 

6,320 

16,978 

16,973 

4,936 


-.3 

-25.6 
-3.0 
+6.2 
+6.9 
+6.1 
+2.1 
-3.2 


116 
42 


106 

78 




(6) Manslaughter by negligence 
Forcible rape 


+86.7 


Robbery . 


602 

2,674 

2,929 

37,430 

1,329 


689 

2,831 

3,600 

43,446 

1,332 


+14.6 
+6.9 
+19.5 
+16.1 

+.2 


82 
428 
816 
1,719 
294 


100 
669 
813 
2,073 
278 




Aggravated assault.. 




Burglary— breaking or entering 

Larceny— theft 


-.4 


Autotheft 








Violent crime 2 


36,214 
184,697 


40,291 
200,977 


+11.3 
+8.8 


3,547 
41,688 


3,812 
48,278 


+7.6 
+16.8 


8,906 
37,867 


9,366 
38,886 


+6.2 
+2.7 


626 

2,829 


776 
3,164 


+23.8 
+11.8 




Subtotal lor above oflenses. . . 


221,519 


241,838 


+9.2 


46,330 


52,169 


+15.1 


47,298 


48,644 


+2.8 


3,497 


4,017 


+14.9 


Other assaults 


53,502 
2,250 
6,837 

13,567 
1,079 

12,493 
29,583 
15,854 

349 

9,231 
66,562 

4,602 
14,168 
90,453 

52,543 

174,302 

97,405 

7,660 

171,282 

11,787 

20,578 

27,764 


55,633 

2,292 
6,918 
15,498 
1,000 

15,294 
32,126 
16,468 

431 

9,084 

77,348 

4,740 

12,588 

102,040 

52,216 
166,118 
95, 191 
6,778 
175,683 
10,598 
19,208 
29,431 


+4.0 
+1.9 
+1.2 
+14.2 
-7.3 

+22.4 
+8.6 
+3.8 

+23.5 

-1.6 
+16.2 

+3.0 
-11.2 
+12.8 

-.6 
-4.7 
-2.3 

-11.5 
+2.6 

-10.1 
-6.7 
+6.0 


7,608 

142 

2,181 

6,336 

387 

1,130 

2,207 

960 

1,845 

1,082 

12,269 

465 

958 

7,079 

7,802 
17,012 
15,621 

1,452 
34,116 

1,907 

6,209 
26, 797 


8,270 

205 

2,426 

6,699 

417 

1,366 

2,492 
1,126 

2,139 

1,090 

14,747 

594 

919 

8,450 

8,297 
16,876 
16,017 

1,072 
33,672 

1,679 

6,172 
32,087 


+10.1 
+44.4 
+11.2 
+26.5 

+7.8 

+20.9 
+12.9 
+18.5 

+15.9 

+.7 

+20.3 

+27.7 

-4.1 

+19.4 

+6.3 

-.8 

+2.5 

-26.2 

-1.3 

-12.0 

-.6 

+19.7 


10, 680 

686 

2,674 

8,858 

366 

2,942 
4,873 
3,657 

84 

2,047 
9,820 
1,285 
7,737 
32,093 

20, 284 
68,207 
16,813 
2,882 
51,012 
1,360 
1,285 
6,666 


10, 774 
636 
2,465 
9,767 
1,375 

3,029 
4,697 
3,664 

67 

1,992 

13, 720 

1,067 

7,679 

34,882 

19,621 
62, 928 
15, 449 
1,778 
46, 156 
1,067 
1,344 
7,163 


+1.8 

-8.7 

-8.2 

+10.1 

+275. 7 

+3.0 
-3.6 

+.2 

-20.2 

-2.7 
+39.7 
-17,0 

-.7 
+8.7 

-3.8 
-9.1 
-2.3 

-38.3 
-9.6 

-21.6 
+4.6 
+7,5 


1,002 

30 

682 

2,460 
60 

235 
296 
182 

105 

202 

1,486 

137 

336 

1,340 

2,642 

3,342 

1,677 

403 

6,800 

180 

456 

4,245 


1,024 
32 
681 

2,923 
70 

246 
296 
207 

86 

208 

1,966 

138 

288 

1.581 

2,983 

3,076 

6,034 

127 

6,383 

162 

523 

6,324 




Arson 


+2.2 


Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 


-.2 
+ 18.8 
+16.7 

+4.7 


Embezzlement _ 


Stolen property: buying, receiving, 
possessing 


Vandalism.. .. 


vice . . . 


+13.7 

-19.0 

+3.0 

+31.6 

+.7 

-14.3 

+18.0 

+12.9 
-8.0 
+259. 8 
-68.5 
+10.1 
-10.0 
+14.9 
+26.4 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape 
and prostitution) . . 


Narcotic drug laws 


Gambling 

Offenses against family and children. 
Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 






Vagrancy 

Ml other offenses (except traflic) .. _ 
Suspicion (not included in totals) . . 
Curfew and loitering law violations. 





> In suburban agencies male arrests under 18 increased +4.7 percent and female arrests under 18 increased H-9.6 percent. In rural agencies male arrests 
under IS decreased 1.3 percent and female arrests under 18 increased +19.6 percent. 
-Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
3 Property crime is oflenses of burglary, larceny and auto theft. 



155 



Police Employee Data 



This section contains tables relating to police 
personnel. Figures showing police strength by 
number of full-time police officers and civilian 
employees are based on national averages. These 
figures should not be interpreted as indicating 
recommended or desirable police strength. Ade- 
quate poHce requirements for a specific place can 
only be determined following careful study and 
analysis of the local situation together with a 
thorough evaluation of the numerous factors 
which affect police needs. 

Two tables containing police employee rates 
are set forth. In the first, total emploj-ees including 
ci^^lian personnel are used; whereas, in the second 
table, only sworn personnel are used to compute 
rates. 

The police employee rate ranges in Table 51, 
which include civilians, show the interquartile 
range between the upper limits of the lowest 
quartile and the lower limits of the highest quartile. 
In other words, 50 percent of the cities shown in 
each population group and geographic division 
have a police strength within the rate ranges 
shown. By arraying rates in this manner, extremes 
are eliminated. 

In Table 52, where rates are published for police 
officers, complete rate ranges are provided as 
supplemental data for those who may be interested 
in using these figures to make limited comparisons. 

Statistical data indicating the percent distri- 
bution of police employees by sex, including 
civihan personnel, are included in Table 53. 

Table 54 contains figures relating to police 
patrols by population groups and shift assignments. 



Another table is presented showing police 
strength for all state police and state highway 
patrol organizations. This table is designed to 
show, by state, the number of miles of state and 
Federal highway per sworn employee, as well as 
the number of registered vehicles per officer. 
These rates are only a rough yardstick as to com- 
parative workload and personnel strength because 
of widely differing functions and other factors. 
The wide variations in sworn and civilian per- 
sonnel among the various states can be accounted 
for in part by the differences in responsibilities 
assigned to the departments. It is pointed out, for 
instance, that state police generally are respons- 
ible not only for traffic patrol, but also conduct a 
major portion of the criminal investigative work 
in the unincorporated areas of the states. On the 
other hand, the activities of the state highwaj^ 
patrol organizations for the most part are limited 
to traffic and highway patrol, which includes 
handling all types of crime which come to their 
attention during the performance of their patrol 
functions. Many of these state highway patrol 
groups also are authorized to and do participate 
in criminal investigative work when requested to 
do so by local departments or sheriff's offices. 

The annual collection of police employee data 
provides figures for police killed and assaulted. 
Collection of these data is supplemented with 
respect to police killed in the line of duty through 
the use of a special questionnaire, by means of 
which additional details on this important subject 
are accumulated. Data relative to police killed 
and assaulted are also presented in the Summarj^ 
Section of this publication. 



157 



Table 51. — Full-Time Police Department Employees,^ December 31, 1971, Number and Rate per 1,000 Inhabitants by Geographi< 

Divisiom and Population Groups 

(1971 estimated population) 



Geograptiic division 



TOTAL: 4.621 cities; popalalion 119,369,000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants. 
Interquartile range 



TOTAL 

(4,624 

cities; 

population 

119,369.000) 



New England: 366 cities; population 8,760,000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants. 

Interquartile range - 

Middle Atlantic: 984 cities; population 25,857,000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants. 

Interquartile range - 

East North Central: 1,020 cities; population 25,966.000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants. 

Interquartile range - 

West North Central: 423 cities: papulation 8,324,000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants. 

Interquartile range _ 

South Atlantic: 560 cities; popuUtion 12,513,000: 

Number of police employees ..- 

Average'number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants. 

Interquartile range 

East South Central: 317 cities; population 5,238,000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants. 

Interquartile range 

West South Central: 317 cities; population 11,137,000: 

Number ot police employees -. 

Average number of employees per 1 ,000 inhabitants . 

Interquartile range 

Mountain: 204 cities; population 4,918,000: 

Number of police employees. 

Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants. 

Interquartile range - 

PaciGc: 433 cities: population 16,655,000: 

Number of police employees — 

Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants. 

Interquartile range 



285,702 

2.4 

1.4-2.3 



19,186 

2.2 

1.4-2.1 

75,542 

2.9 

1.2-2.2 

60,773 

2.3 

1.3-2.0 

16,382 

2.0 

1.3-2.0 

34,459 

2.8 

1.8-2.8 

10,659 

2.0 

1.6-2.4 

20,494 

1.8 

1.4-2.0 

10,100 
2.1 

1.5-2.4 

38,107 

2.3 

1.6-2.6 



Population group 



Group I 
(57 Cities 

over 250,000; 

population 
42,663,000) 



Group II 
(93 cities, 
100.000 to 

250,000; 
population 
13,370,000) 



142,674 

3.3 

1.9-3.3 



3,091 
4.9 

(») 

48,221 

4.1 

3. 3-4. 2 

31,908 

3.6 

2. 0-3. 7 

7,090 
2.8 

1. 9-3. 7 

14, 898 
3.9 

2. 3-2. 8 

3,666 

2.0 

2. 0-2. 3 

10, 465 
2.1 

1. 7-2. 8 

3,265 
2.4 

2. 2-2. 6 

20, 170 

2.9 

2.4-3.4 



Group UI 

(242 cities, 
50.000 to 
100,000; 
population 
16,902,000) 



Group IV 
(464 cities, 
25,000 to 

50,000; 
population 
16,179,000) 



Group V 

(1,129 cities, 

10.000 to 

25,000; 
population 
17,840,000) 



28,732 

2.1 

1.7-2.4 



3,099 

2.9 

2. 6-3. 

3,369 

2.8 

2. 6-3. 3 

6,239 

1.9 

1. 8-2. 1 

1,667 
1.8 

1.6-2.1 

6,644 
2.2 

1. 9-2. 4 

2,301 

2. 2 

2. 1-2. 4 

2,099 

1.9 

1. 6-2. 6 

1,691 

2.4 

2. 1-2. 3 

3,623 

1.8 

1. 6-2. 1 



30,446 

1.8 

1.5-2.1 



5,064 

2.1 

1. 8-2. 2 

5,438 

1.9 

1. 3-2. 4 

6,267 

1.6 

1.3-1.9 

1,161 
1.4 

1. 3-1. 7 

3,072 
2.5 

2. 2-2. 8 

287 

1.8 

1. 8-1. 9 

2,646 

1.5 

1. 3-1. 7 

1,312 

1.7 

1.3-1.7 

5,219 
1.7 

1.5-1.9 



28,326 

1.8 

1.4-2.0 



3,076 

1.8 

1.6-2.1 

6,033 

2.0 

1.4-2.3 

6,103 

1.6 

1.3-1.8 

2,024 

1.4 

1. 2-1. 7 

2,994 

2.1 

1. 8-2. 6 

1,349 

2.0 

1. 8-2. 2 

1,804 

1.6 

1. 4-1. 7 

1,341 

1.7 
1. 5-2. 

3,602 

1.8 

1.4-1.9 



Suburban Police and County Sheriff Departments 



31.423 

1.8 

1.4-2.0 



3,659 

1.7 
1. 6-1. 9 

7,237 

1.8 

1. 4-2. 1 

6,461 

1.6 

1.4-1.9 

2,271 
1.6 

1.3-1.9 

3.938 

2.2 

1. 8-2. 6 

1.392 

1.8 

1. 6-2. 1 

2,010 

1.6 

1.4-1.8 

1,270 
1.8 

1. 5-2. 2 

3,286 

1.9 

1. 6-2. 1 



Group VI 
(2,639 cities 
under 10,000; 
population 
12,415,000) 



24,101 

1.9 

1.3-2.5 



1,307 

1.6 

1.1-2.0 

6,244 

1.8 

1. 1-2. 2 

4,795 

1.8 

1. 3-2. 2 

2,179 
1.8 

1. 4-2. 1 

3,913 

2.4 

1. 7-3. 1 

1.764 

2.1 

1. 5-2. 6 

1.470 

1.8 

1.3-2.3 

1,221 

2.1 

1.5-2.6 

2,208 

2,6 

1.8-3.3 



Suborban: 3 2,464 agencies; population 52,947,000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants. 
Interquartile range 



93,923 

1.8 

1.2-2.2 



SherifTs: 1,539 agencies: population 42,226,000: 

Number of police employees.. 

Average numlser ot employees per 1,000 inhabitants. 
Interquartile range.. 



57,625 

1.4 

0.4-1.3 



' Includes civilians. 

2 Only one city this size in geographic division. 

' Includes suburban city and county police agencies within metropolitan areas. Excludes core cities. Submban cities are also included in other city groups. 
Population figures rounded to the nearest thousand. All rates were calculated on the population before rounding. 



158 



Table 52. — Full-Time Police Department Officers, December 31, 1971, Number and Rate per 1,000 Inhabitants, by Geographic 

Divisions and Population Groups 



(1971 estimated population) 



Geographic division 



Total: 4.62t cities; papulation 119,369,000: 

Number of police officers. 

Average number of officers per 1,000 inhabitants.. 
Rate range 



New England: 366 cities: popuiation 8,760,000: 

Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per 1,000 inhabitants 

Rate range 

Middle Atlantic: 984 cities; population 25,857,000: 

Number of police officers 

Average number of oiHcers per 1,000 inhabitants 

Rate range _ 

East North Central: 1,020 cities; population 25,966,000: 

Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per 1,000 inhabitants 

Rate range 

West North Central: 423 cities; population 8,324,000: 

Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per 1,000 inhabitants 

Rate range 

South Atlantic: 560 cities; population 12,513,000: 

Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per 1,000 inhabitants 

Rate range 

East South Central: 317 cities; population 5,238,000: 

Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per 1,000 inhabitants. . 

Rate range 

West South Central: 317 cities; population 11.137,000: 

Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per 1,000 inhabitants. . 

Rate range. 

Mountain: 204 cities; population 4,918,000: 

Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per 1,000 inhabitants. . 

Rate range 

Pacific: 433 cities; population 16,655,000: 

Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per 1,000 Inhabitants.. 
Rate range. 



TOTAL 

(4,624 

cities 

population 

119,369,000) 



246,601 

2.1 

0.1-9.7 



17,603 

2.0 

0.3-7.9 

69,236 

2.7 

0.1-9.7 

52,384 

2.0 

0.1-9.0 

13,648 
1.6 

0.6-4.8 

29,343 

2.3 

0.2-9.1 

9,046 

1.7 

0.3-6.0 

17,194 

1.5 

0.5-3.4 

8,188 

1.7 

0.6-5.4 

29,959 

1.8 

0.5-9.4 



Population group 



Group I 

(57 cities, 

over 250,000; 

population 

42,663,000) 



122,420 

2.9 

1.2-6.7 



2,720 
4.3 

(') 

44,362 

3.8 

2. 3-3. 9 

27,308 

3.1 

1. 5-3. 9 

6,654 

2.3 

1.3-3.6 

12, 605 

3.3 

1.4-6.7 

3.001 

1.7 

1.5-1.9 

8,637 

1.7 

1. 2-2. 4 

2,641 

1.9 

1. 4-2. 3 

15, 502 

2.2 

1. 2-3.-2 



Group II 
(93 cities, 
100,000 to 

250,000; 
population 
13,370,000) 



23,922 

1.8 

0.9-3.2 



2,760 

2.6 

2. 2-3. 

2,937 

2.4 

1. 4-3. 2 

4,561 

1.7 

.9-2.2 

1,328 

1.4 

1.0-1.7 

4.693 

1.8 

1.0-3.0 

1.773 

1.7 

1. 4-2. 2 

1,815 

1.7 

1. 3-2. 4 

1.272 

1.8 

1. 4-3. 1 

2,893 

1.4 

.9-1.8 



Group III 
(242 cities, 
50,000 to 
100,000; 
population 
16,902,000) 



26,289 

1.6 

0.6-3.9 



4,676 

1.9 

1.3-2.6 

4,890 

1.7 

.6-3.9 

6,398 

1.4 

.6-1.8 

1,013 
1.3 

.8-1.6 

2,656 

2.1 

1.5-3.3 

261 

1.7 

1. 4-1. 8 

2,219 
1.3 

.9-1.8 

1,087 

1.4 

.9-2.6 

4,089 

1.4 

.6-2.1 



Group IV 
(464 cities, 
25,000 to 

50,000; 
population 
16,179,000) 



24,871 

1.5 

0.1-5.0 



2,877 

1.7 

1. 0-2. 6 

6,632 

1.8 

.6-5.0 

6,396 

1.4 

. 1-3. 2 

1.791 

1.2 

.8-1.7 

2,672 

1.8 

.5-2.8 

1,176 

1.8 

1. 2-2. 4 

1,668 
1.3 

.8-2.0 

1,091 

1.4 

.8-2.1 

2,880 

1.4 

.8-3.2 



Group V 
(1,129 cities, 

10,000 to 

25,000; 

population 

17,840,000) 



28,007 

1.6 

0.1-4.8 



3,378 
1.6 

. 7-2. 5 

6,729 

1.7 

. 1-4. 8 

5,616 

1.4 

. 1-3. 1 

1,984 

1.4 

.6-3.3 

3,499 

1.9 

. 2-3. 6 

1,263 

1.6 

.8-2.9 

1,734 

1.3 

.7-3.3 

1,074 

1.6 

.8-2.3 

2,730 

1.6 

.9-3.7 



Group VI 
(2,639 cities, 
under 10,000; 
population 
12,416,000) 



21,092 

1.7 

0.1-9.7 



1,202 
1.6 

.3-7.9 

4,796 

1.6 

. 1-9. 7 

4,106 

1.6 

. 1-9. 

1,878 

1.5 

.6-4.8 

3,418 

2.1 

. 4-9. 1 

1,573 

1.8 

.3-6.0 

1,231 

1.5 

.6-3.4 

1,0'23 

1.7 

.6-6.4 

1,866 

2.1 

. 5-9. 4 



Suburban Police and County Sheriff Departments 



Suburban: (') 2,464 agencies; population 52.947,000: 

Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per 1,000 inhabitants. 
Rate range.. 



79,926 

1.5 

0.1-9.4 



SherilTs: 1,539 agencies; population 42,226.000: 

Number of officers 

Average number of officers per 1,000 inhabitants. 
Rate range 



47,493 

1.1 

0.1-8.8 



' Only one city this size in geographic division. 

2 Includes suburban city and county police agencies within metropolitan areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban cities are also included in other city groups. 
Population figures rounded to the nearest thousand. All rates were calculated on the population before rounding. 



159 



Table 53. — Police Employees, Percent Distribution of Male and Female 

[5,673 agencies; 1971 estimated population 150,666,0001 



Population group 



Total Police Employees 



Total 



Percent 
male 



Percent 
female 



Police Officers (sworn) 



Percent 
male 



Percent 
female 



Other Police Employees 



Percent 
male 



Percent 
female 



TOTAL CITIES -.. 

Group I (over 250,000) 

(over 1,000,000) 

(500,000 to 1,000,000) 

(250,000 to 600,000) 

Group II (100,000 to 250,000) 
Group III (50,000 to 100,000) 
Group IV (25,000 to 50,000)-. 
Group V (10,000 to 25,000) — 
Group VI (under 10,000).... 

Suburban agencies 

SherifTs 



260,350 



91.6 



8.4 



225,474 



98.6 



1.4 



34,876 



46.4 



53.6 



120,821 
59,231 
37,224 
24,366 
28,469 
30,443 
28,218 
29,381 
23,018 
89,941 
53,517 



92.6 
94.6 
90.9 
89.6 
88.8 
90.4 
91.6 
92.2 
91.2 
89.6 
86.0 



7.6 


104,301 


5.4 


52,633 


9.1 


31, 196 


10.6 


20,472 


11.2 


23,728 


9.6 


26,286 


8.6 


24,770 


7.8 


26,252 


8.8 


20,137 


10.4 


77,229 


14.0 


44,824 



98.7 
98.7 
98.8 
98.7 
98.6 
99.1 
98.8 
98.2 
97.1 
97.3 
94.3 



1.3 


16,520 


1.3 


6,598 


1.2 


6,028 


1.3 


3,894 


1.4 


4,741 


.9 


4,157 


1.2 


3,448 


1.8 


3,129 


2.9 


2,881 


2.7 


12.712 


5.7 


8,693 



62.9 
62.6 
50.0 
41.1 
39.9 
36.1 
39.1 
41.4 
49.7 
42.6 
43.0 



47.1 
37.5 
60.0 
68.9 
60.1 
64.9 
60.9 
68.6 
60.3 
57.4 
57.0 



160 



Table 54. — Police Departmenf Patrol and Shift Assignments, December 31, 1971 



Population groups 



TOTAL CITIES 



Cities over 250,000 inhabitants. 



Cities 100,000 to 250,000 inhabitants. 



GROUP m 
Cities 50,000 to 100,000 inhabitants. 



GROUP IV 

CiUes 25,000 to 50,000 inhabitants. 



Cities 10,000 to 25,000 inhabitants. 



Cities under 10,000 inhabitants. 



Sheriffs and County Police.. 



Shifts 



Day 

Evening. 
Night.... 
Other 1... 



Day 

Evening. 
Night.... 
Other 



Day 

Evening. 
Night.... 
Otlier 



Day 

Evening. 
Niglit.... 
Other 



Day 

Evening. 
Night-... 
Other.... 



Day 

Evening. 
Night.... 
Other.... 



Day 

Evening. 
Night.... 
Other 



Day 

Evening. 
Night.... 
Other.... 



Agencies 
used 



3,734 



1971 
estimated 
population 



98, 678, 000 



Sworn 
officers 



194, 223 



31, 342, 000 



11, 489, 000 



2,22 15,499,000 



426 



994 



14, 874, 000 



15, 646, 000 



84, 361 



20, 671 



Number 

ot 
patrols 



66, 513 
22, 853 
21, 510 
18, 074 
4,076 



24, 089 



22,901 



24, 541 



9, 728, 000 



31, 123, 000 



39, 611 



21, 334 
7,719 
6,761 
5,095 
1,759 



5,842 
1,906 
1,894 
1,499 
543 



8,453 
2,937 
2, 77! 
2,296 
449 



9,159 
3,117 
3,064 
2,632 
346 



11, 475 
3,831 
3,807 
3,430 
407 



10, 250 
3,343 
3,213 
3,122 
572 



Type of patrol 



One-man 
vehicle 



37, 112 
12,882 
11,931 
10, 477 
1,822 



11, 899 
4,488 
3,466 
3,210 
735 



I 



6,786 
2,404 
2,227 
1,804 
351 



3,162 

1,056 

992 

842 

272 



5,005 
1,742 
1,618 
1,369 
276 



6,112 
2,145 
2,003 
1,727 
237 



8,113 
2,818 
2,649 
2,374 
272 



7,934 
2,717 
2,442 
2,361 
414 



Two- 
man 
vehicle 



12, 600 
2,735 
4,612 
4,428 
825 



8,900 
3,696 
2,420 
2,236 
548 



5,593 
1,525 
2,014 
1,711 
343 



1,444 
294 
496 
465 
189 



1,421 
301 
508 
617 
95 



234 

545 
547 
64 



1.599 
244 



Foot 
patrol 



8,247 
3,144 
2,691 
1,790 
722 



678 



1,153 
137 
440 
510 



1,854 
296 
691 
714 
163 



3,229 

1,275 

945 

471 

538 



617 
224 
211 
144 



1,189 
428 
395 
340 



1,059 
397 
345 
294 
23 



1,247 
470 
423 
319 
35 



906 
350 
272 
222 
62 



617 
213 
211 
191 
2 



' Other patrols include motorcycle, motor scooter, or other specialized assignments; other shifts include overlapping or split shifts. 



161 



Table 55. — Police Department Assignments, December 31, 1971 



Total dues. 



Group I (cities over 260 ,000 lahabltants) 

Qroup II (cities 100,000 to 260,000 inhabitants). 

Group III (cities 60,000 to 100,000 inhabitants).. 

Group IV (cities 26,000 to 60,000 inhabitants)..., 

Group V (cities 10,000 to 26,000 Inhabitants)... 

Group VI (cities under 10,000 inhabitants) 



Total ' 
patrols 



64,690 



Sheriffs and county police. 



14,376 
4,724 
7,218 
8,237 

10,684 
9,461 

10,668 



Time of shift ' (percent) » 



Day 



34.4 



36.2 
33.3 
34.2 
33.7 
33.4 
33.9 



Evening 



36.1 



36.1 
36.0 
34.9 
36.1 
34.8 
33.4 

31.1 



Night 



30.6 



27.7 
30.7 
30.8 
31.2 
31.8 
32.7 

29.4 



Type of patrol 
(percent) ' 



Vehicle 



86.2 



81.3 

87.7 
83.9 
87.4 
88.6 
91.1 

94.2 



Foot 



13.8 



6.8 



Patrols as.ilgned 
(percent) ' 



One-man 



18.7 


62.0 


12.3 


72.2 


16.1 


81.1 


12.6 


83.1 


11.6 


84.7 


8.9 


87.9 



S4.0 



Multiple 



22.6 



38.0 
27.8 
18.9 
16.9 
16.3 
12.1 

16.0 



' Does not include "other" shift or patrol. 

! Because of rounding the percentages may not add to total. 



Table 56.— Police Department Patrols ' December 31, 1971 








Population groups 


Day 


Evening 


Night 


One-man 


Two-man 


One-man 


Two 


man 


One-man 


Two-man 


Total cities 


84.4 


15.6 


74.9 


26.1 


72.7 


27.3 


Group I 


















68.6 


31.4 


69.9 




40.1 


66.1 


43.9 


Group n 
















oit^pQ inn nnn to 250 noo inhabitants 


80.6 


19.4 


68.7 




31.3 


67.1 


32.9 


Gronpm 


















87.6 


12.4 


79.2 




20.8 


76.2 


23.8 


Group IV 


















91.1 


8.9 


80.3 




19.7 


77.7 


22.3 


Group V 


















92.3 


7.7 


82.6 




17.6 


79.1 


20.9 


Group VI 


















96.1 
92.9 


4.9 
7.1 


86.6 
79.1 




14.6 
20.9 


83.0 
77.1 


17.0 




22.9 







1 Does not include "other" shifts. 



162 



Table 57. — Civilian Police Department Employees, December 31, 1971, Percentage of Total by Population Groups 



Population group 



TOTAL, ALL CITIES. 



Group I (over 250,000) 

(over 1,000,000)..., 
(500,000-1,000,000). 
(250,000-500,000)... 

Group 11 (100,000-250,000).. 

Group III (50.000-100,000).. 

Group IV (25,000-50,000) . . . 

Group V (10,000-25,000) 

Group VI (under 10,000) 



Suburban agencies. 
Sheriffs 



Percentage 

civilian 
employees 



13.7 



14.2 
12.8 
15.7 
16.0 
16.7 
13.7 
12.2 
10.8 
12.7 

14.9 
17.5 



Table 58. — Number of Police Officers Killed, ' 1971, by Geographic Division and Population Groups 





Total 


Population group 




Geographic division 


Group I 


Group II 


Group III 


Group IV 


Group V 


Group VI 


County, 
State 




Over 
250,000 


100,000 

to 
250,000 


50,000 

to 
100,000 


25,000 

to 
50,000 


10,000 

to 
25,000 


Under 
10,000 


police, 

and 

highway 

patrol 


TOTAL 


178 


62 


7 


11 


6 


9 


21 


62 




New England 


5 
31 
32 
13 
28 
13 
23 
11 
22 






4 
1 
2 
2 
1 








I 
3 


Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 


15 
16 
2 
12 
3 
6 
2 
6 


2 


1 


2 
1 


1 
4 
5 
2 
2 
2 
2 
3 


West North Central 




4 

5 
12 
6 


South Atlantic 




2 
1 


2 
1 
2 
1 


East South Central 


1 
1 


West South Central 




Mountain. 








3 


1 


2 









1 126 killed by felons; 52 killed in accidents. 



Table 59. — Assaults on Police Officers, 1971 by Geographic Divisions and Population Groups 

|6,I14 agencies; 1971 estimated population 147,363,000] 



Geographic division 



TOTAL 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central- 
West Nortli Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central. 
West South Central. 

Mountain 

Pacific - 



Total 
assaults 



49,787 



2,996 
9,496 
13,052 
2.92S 
7,569 
1,434 
2,763 
2,160 
7,392 



Rate 
per 100 
police 
officers 


Assaults 
with 
injury 


Rate 
per 100 

police 
officers 


18.7 


17, 631 


6.6 


17.3 


1,292 


7.5 


12.6 


3,091 


5.3 


22.6 


4,140 


7.2 


19.6 


829 


5.6 


22.8 


2,814 


8.5 


20.7 


381 


5.5 


15.6 


876 


4.9 


19.5 


825 


7.5 


23.1 


2,483 


7.8 



Population group 



TOTAL 

Group I (over 250,000) 

Group II (100,000 to 250,000) 
Group III (50,000 to 100,000) 
Group IV (25,000 to 50,000). 
Group V (10,000 to 25,000)-- 
Group VI (under 10,000) 

Suburban agencies i 

Sheriffs 



Rate 

Total I per 100 

assaults '^ police 

officers 



49,787 



21,976 
5,373 
4,167 
4,357 
4,573 
3,610 

12,057 
5,731 



18.7 



21.5 
25.2 
17.0 
18.0 
16.5 
16.6 

15.7 
13.1 



Assaults 
with 
injury 



17,631 



7,913 
1,917 
1,697 
1,667 
1,449 
1,162 

4,192 
1,926 



Rate 
per 100 
police 
officers 



7.7 
'1.0 
6.9 
6.6 
6.2 
5.3 

5.4 
4,4 



1 Includes suburban city and county police agencies within metropolitan areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban cities are also included in other city groups. 



163 



Table 60. — Assaults on Police Officers, 1971, Percent Distribution of Weapons Used 

(6,075 agencies; 1971 estimated population 139,136,000) 



Population group 


Total 
assaults 


Fire- 
arms 


Knife 

or 
cutting 
instru- 
ment 


Other 
dan- 
gerous 
weapon 


Hands 
flsts, 
feet, 
etc. 


Geographic division 


Total 
assanlts 


Fire- 
arms 


Knife 

or 
cutting 
instru- 
ment 


Other 
dan- 
gerous 
weapon 


Hands, 
flsts, 
feet, 
etc. 


TOTAL ALL 


38,601 
100.0 


2,586 
6.7 


1,284 
3.3 


3,421 
8.9 


31,310 

81.1 


TOTAL 


38,601 
100.0 


2,586 
6.7 


1,284 
3.3 


3,421 
8.9 


31,310 


AGENCIES 




81.1 


Group I (over 250,000) 


13,915 
4,014 
5,825 

4,076 
4,469 
4,0M 
4.317 
4,493 
3,605 
9,967 
3,708 


7.8 
9.1 
9.4 
4.2 
5.3 
5.6 
4.1 
5.4 
6.3 
6.2 
10.5 


4.1 
6.7 
4.4 
2.3 
2.8 
2.4 
2.6 
2.6 
3.4 
2.7 
3.6 


10.6 
5.3 

15.0 
9.6 
8.3 
8.3 
7.6 
6.8 
7.0 
8.3 

10.8 


77.6 
79.9 
71.3 
83.9 
83.6 
83.7 
86.8 
86.4 
83.3 
82.8 
75.0 


2.528 
7.538 
6.657 
2,925 
7,542 
1,417 
2,761 
2,160 
5,173 


3.6 
6.0 
8.0 
8.1 
7.3 
6.9 
8.9 
10.0 
4.7 


3.0 
4.1 
2.8 
3.6 
3.4 
4.3 
3.0 
3.6 
2.6 


9.6 
6.7 
6.1 
9.7 
11.0 
8.6 
7.6 
14.1 
10.2 


84.0 


Middle Atlantic 


84.2 


(500,000 to 1,000,000) 

(250 000 to 500,000) 


East North Central 


83.1 


West North Central 


78.6 


Group II (100.000 to 260,000).. 
Group III (50,000 to 100,000).. 
Group IV (25,000 to 50,000)... 
Group V (10,000 to 25,000).... 

Group VI (under 10,000) 

Suburban agencies ' 


78.3 


East South Central 


80.2 


West South Central 


80.4 


Mountain . 


72.3 


Paciflc . . .. 


82.6 






Sheriffs 









' Includes suburban city and county police agencies within metropolitan areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban cities are also included in other city groups . 
Due to rounding percentage may not add to 100, 



Table 61. — Full-Time State Police and Highway Patrol Employees, December 31, 1971 



State 


1 

Total 


PoUce 
officers 


Civil- 
ians 


Police 
killed 


Miles of 

primary 

liighway 

per 

police 

officer 


State 
motor 
vehicle 

regis- 
tration 

per 
police 
officer 


State 


Total 


PoUce 
officers 


CivU- 

ians 


Police 
killed 


Miles of 

primary 

highway 

per 

poUce 

officer 


State 
motor 
vehicle 
regis- 
tration 

per 
police 
officer 


TOTAL 


57, 131 


41,365 


15,766 


22 


11.2 


2,691 


Nebraska 


417 
146 
199 
2,184 
420 

3,761 

1,280 

99 

2,072 

609 

777 
4,309 
183 
767 
194 

946 

3,896 

344 

354 

1,390 

1,209 
589 
654 
132 


326 
106 
156 
1,639 
283 

3,280 

1,007 

80 

1,269 

493 

675 
3,681 
155 
647 
144 

633 

2,146 
337 
228 

1,024 

739 
422 
376 
110 


91 
39 
43 
M6 
137 

481 
273 
19 
803 
116 

102 
628 

28 
120 

50 

313 

1,749 

7 

126 

366 

470 
167 
279 
22 


2 
1 

1 
2 

2 


29.8 
20.2 
12.7 
1.2 
44.6 

4.6 
13.2 
86.0 
15.0 

24.4 

7.1 
4.4 
0.7 
14.8 
59.6 

15.0 
31.3 
16.1 
11.2 

9.2 

9.3 
12.5 
31.8 
64.1 


3,067 






3,638 
2,429 




963 
297 
894 
537 
7,328 

676 
1.010 

492 
1,369 
1,308 

133 

2,260 

1.123 

662 

399 

1,010 

609 

366 

1,700 

1,258 

2,390 

613 

1,266 

1.386 

260 


653 
173 
631 
409 
6.648 

494 
761 
383 
961 
806 

125 
1,666 
830 
394 
306 

677 
613 
301 
1,192 
863 

1,780 
499 
621 
737 
189 


310 
124 
263 
128 
1,780 

181 
249 
109 
408 
603 

13 

694 
293 
168 
94 

333 

96 
56 
508 
395 

610 
114 
746 
648 
71 


2 

1 
2 

1 

1 
3 


15.7 
20.2 

9.1 
35.5 

2.6 

17.9 

1.6 

1.7 

12.6 

22.0 

40.0 
10.0 
13.6 
25.3 
34.2 

6.7 
9.1 
12.9 

;;5 

5.2 
24.3 
20.5 
10.6 
32. S 


3,169 
844 
1,835 
2,616 
2,217 

3,065 
2,322 
846 
4,499 
3,414 

3,880 
3,241 
3,467 
4,647 
6,207 

2,656 
3,470 
1,767 
1,627 
3,102 

2,630 
4,613 
2,198 
3,386 
2,661 


New Hampshire 




2.236 






2.339 




New York 




California 


2,107 


Colorado 


North Carolina 

North Dakota 

Ohio 


2,946 
5,476 




4,879 




Oklahoma 


3,616 


Florida 








2,087 




Pennsylvania 

Rhode Island 

South Carolina . 

South Dakota 


1,629 
3,271 


Illinois 


2,175 


Indiana 


3,036 








3,343 






3,228 




Utah 


1,911 




Vermont. 


1,022 






2. 291 


Maryland 


Washington 






2,908 




West Virginia 


2,097 
6,000 


Minnesota 


Wyoming 

i 


2,345 


Mississippi.. 

















164 



Table 62. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 37, 1971, Cities 25,000 and over in Population 



City by State 



ALABAMA 

Birmingham 

Dothan 

Florence - 

Gadsden 

Huntsvilie 

Mobile 

Montgomery 

Phenix City 

Selma.-- 

ALASKA 

Anchorage 

ARIZONA 

Flagstafl --.. 

Glendale... 

Mesa -- 

Phoenix 

Scottsdale. _ 

Tempe 

Tucson 

Yuma 

ARKANSAS 

El Dorado 1.- 

FayettevUle 

Fort Smith 

Hot Springs 

Jonesboro 

Little Rock 

North Little Rock.... 

Pine Blufl 

West Memphis 

CALIFORNIA 

Alameda 

Alhambra 

Anaheim 

Antioch 

Arcadia 

Azusa 

Bakersfield 

Baldwin Park 

Bell Gardens 

Berkeley 

Beverly Hills 

Buena Park. 

Burbank 

Burlingame 

Chula Vista 

Concord _. 

Corona 

Costa Mesa 

Covlna 

Culver City 

Cypress 

Daly City 

Downey 

ElCerrito 

El Monte 

Escondido 

See footnote at end ot table 



Ntunber of Police department employees 



Total 



674 

92 

61 

98 

270 

429 

297 

57 

63 



139 



42 
65 
82 
1,301 
89 
87 
488 
64 



43 
36 
105 
60 
40 
250 
126 



Police officers 



Male 



671 

74 
56 
93 
192 
287 
229 
43 
56 



34 
54 

71 
1.043 
70 
68 
382 
48 



39 
34 
95 
56 
38 
212 
111 
82 
43 



100 


85 


106 


85 


292 


236 


49 


35 


79 


67 


60 


46 


195 


147 


71 


64 


52 


36 


245 


188 


109 


89 


112 


80 


165 


129 


47 


37 


102 


80 


127 


96 


44 


38 


127 


102 


62 


41 


73 


65 


47 


37 


95 


77 


122 


98 


45 


35 


106 


78 


54 


42 



Female 



1 

1 


28 


1 


39 


10 


48 




8 




4 




11 



Civilians 



Male 



Female 



45 
3 
3 
4 

49 
102 

10 
6 
3 



3 


3 


6 


5 


3 


8 


106 


143 


7 


11 


6 


13 


22 


82 


5 


11 



City by State 



CALIFORNIA-Con. 

Fairfield 

Fremont 

Fresno. 

FuUerton 

Gardena 

Garden Grove.. 

Glendale 

Glendora 

Hawthorne 

Hayward 

Huntington Beach.. 

Huntington Park 

Inglewood 

La Habra 

La Mesa 

Livermore 

Lodi- 

Lompoc 

Long Beach 

Los Angeles... 

Manhattan Beach 

Menlo Park 

Modesto 

Monrovia.. _. 

Montebello 

Monterey 

Monterey Park 

Mountain View 

Napa 

National City 

Newark 

Newport Beach 

Novate 

Oakland 

Oceanslde.. 

Ontario. 

Orange.. 

Oxnard 

Paoiflca - 

Palo Alto 

Pasadena 

Pomona. 

Redlands 

Redondo Beach 

Redwood City 

Rialto - 

Richmond 

Riverside 

Sacramento. 

Salinas... 

San Bernardino. 

San Bruno 

San Carlos - 

San Diego 

San Francisco 

San Gabriel. 

San Jose 

SanLeandro 

San Luis Obispo 

San Mateo 

San Rafael 

Santa Ana ' 

Santa Barbara 

Santa Clara 



Niunber of Police department employees 



Total 


Police oflScers 


CiviUans 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


61 


44 




17 




152 


102 


1 


30 


19 


355 


292 


3 


23 


37 


156 


115 


1 


9 


30 


86 


70 


1 


1 


14 


140 


117 


3 




20 


212 


166 


7 


12 


37 


51 


41 




3 


7 


64 


57 




2 


6 


143 


111 


2 


7 


23 


196 


148 


1 


13 


34 


66 


61 


1 


2 


12 


204 


146 


1 


17 


40 


60 


46 




5 


9 


53 
41 


41 
33 






12 




1 


7 


51 


42 




4 


8 


38 


31 




3 


4 


828 


662 


24 


29 


123 


9,432 


6.829 


165 


1.216 


1,222 


65 


51 


1 


2 


11 


45 


35 




4 


6 


125 


96 


2 


6 


21 


61 


51 




1 


9 


67 


66 


1 


2 


8 


59 


44 


1 


4 


10 


72 


61 




1 


10 


79 


60 




8 


11 


63 
63 


60 
53 






13 




1 


9 


39 


30 




5 


4 


135 


105 




11 


19 


33 

992 


27 
719 






6 


7 


147 


119 


92 


72 


2 


2 


16 


98 


78 


1 


4 


16 


132 


107 




25 




111 


86 





6 


13 


41 


33 




2 


6 


108 


93 


1 


2 


12 


263 


188 


6 


29 


40 


147 


119 


1 


8 


19 


08 


55 




8 


5 


93 


66 


1 


5 


21 


82 


68 




2 


12 


39 

214 


36 
153 






3 


3 


25 


33 


236 


189 




10 


37 


677 


616 


4 


24 


133 


110 


76 


1 


11 


22 


245 


184 


1 


24 


36 


50 


42 






8 


32 


28 




1 


3 


1,197 


970 


12 


93 


122 


2.472 


1,918 


9 


245 


300 


64 


46 


1 




7 


661 


650 


13 


7 


91 


115 


85 




4 


26 


44 


35 




1 


8 


142 


114 


1 


7 


20 


77 


60 




9 


8 


263 


194 




69 




152 


120 


1 


9 


22 


119 


96 


5 


6 


12 



165 



Table 62. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employeei, December 31, 1971, Cities 25,000 and over in Population — Con. 



City by State 



CALIFORNIA— Con. 



Santa Cruz 

Santa Maria 

Santa Monica.. 

Santa Hosa 

Seaside 

Siml Valley.. 

South Gate 

South San Francisco . 

Stockton 

Surmyvale 

Torrance... 

Upland.. 

Vallejo -- 

Ventura. 

Visalia 

Walnut Creek. 

West Covlna 

Westminster.. 

Whittier 



COLORADO 



Arvada 

Aurora 

Colorado Springs. 

Denver 

Englewood 

Fort Collins 

Greeley 

Littleton 

Pueblo. 

Wheat Ridge 



CONNECTICUT 



Bristol 

Danbury 

East Hartford.. 

East Haven 

Enfield 

Fairfield. 

Greenwich 

Hamden 

Hartford 

Manchester 

Meriden 

Mllford 

New Britain... 
New Haven... 

Newington 

New London. - 

Norwalk 

Norwich 

Shelton 

Southington... 

Stamford 

Stratford 

Torrington 

Vernon... 

Wallingford 

Waterbury 

West Hartford. 
West Haven... 

Westport 

Wethersfield... 



Number of Police department employees 



Total 



60 
64 

191 
67 
42 
40 

102 
82 

229 

191 

235 
46 

114 
84 
61 
78 
95 
76 

HI 



69 
124 
264 
1,476 
67 
58 



39 
170 
38 



91 

97 

43 

62 

96 

168 

101 

567 

84 

102 

107 

172 

478 

40 

80 

169 

60 

36 

40 

255 

105 

70 

46 

51 

291 

124 

87 

04 

46 



Police officers 



Male 



49 

42 

128 

66 

32 

33 

87 

66 

186 

161 

181 

38 

87 

64 

41 

69 

77 

59 

86 



66 

104 

202 

1,187 

66 

45 

47 

33 

152 

30 



87 
42 
53 
91 

147 
97 

471 
75 
90 
96 

151 

408 
36 
74 

153 
64 
35 
38 

246 
99 
66 
37 
44 

278 

114 
82 
60 
40 



Female 



1 






9 


6 


7 




11 


6 


12 


1 


8 


2 


4 


2 


6 




1 




7 



Civilians 



Male 



1 


5 




7 




28 


18 


122 




3 




8 


1 


5 




4 


8 


1 


6 





Female 



8 

13 

24 

149 

8 

6 

15 

2 

9 

3 



City by State 



DELAWARE 

Wilmington 

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 

Washington ' 

FLORIDA 

Boca Raton. ... 

Clearwater 

Coral Gables. 

Daytona Beach 

Fort Lauderdale 

Fort Myers 

Fort Pierce 

Gainesville 

Ilialeah 

Hollywood 

Jacksonville 

Key West 

Lakeland.. 

Melbourne 

Miami 

Miami Beach 

North Miami 

North Miami Beach 

Orlando 

Panama City ' 

Pensacola 

Pompano Beach 

Saint Petersburg 

Sarasota 

Tallahassee 

Tampa 

Tltusville 

West Palm Beach 

GEORGIA 

Albany 

Atlanta 

Augusta 

Columbus 

Macon 

Marietta 

Rome 

Savannah. 

Valdosta 

HAWAU 

Kilo 

Honolulu 

IDAHO 

Boise 

Idaho Falls 

Lewiston 

Pocatello 

ILLINOIS 

Alton 

Arlington Heights 

Aurora 

Belleville 



Number of Police department employees 



Total 



305 



5,660 



75 
140 
143 
161 
455 

80 

64 

156 

226 

288 

1,134 

48 
129 

82 
958 
294 

66 

70 
383 

65 
128 
122 
453 
123 
137 
718 

46 
179 



132 

1,337 

172 

353 

213 

74 

64 

264 

64 



121 
1,485 



123 

67 



62 



65 
77 
120 
60 



PoUce officers 



Male 



269 



4,947 



70 

109 

120 

106 

362 

66 

45 

116 

153 

199 

726 

41 

96 

75 

689 

228 

65 

62 

296 

52 

110 

87 

306 

89 

124 

564 

37 

136 



128 

1,163 

154 

298 

199 

64 

66 

227 

52 



1,164 



69 
61 
105 
64 



Female 





703 




10 


1 


3 


1 


6 


4 


32 




6 



2 


12 


26 


129 


2 


34 




3 


1 




7 


42 




13 




7 



Civilians 



Male 



5 

20 

52 

42 

296 



19 
112 



See footnote at end of table. 



166 



Table 62.— Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1971, Cities 25,000 and over in Population— Con. 



City by State 



ILLINOIS— Con. 



Berwyn 

BloomingtOQ 

Burbank 

Calumet City 

Champaign 

Chicago' 

Chicago Heights.. 

Cicero 

Danville 

Decatur 

De Kalb 

Des Plaines 

Downers Grove.. 
East Saint Louis . 

Elgin 

Elmhurst 

Elmwood Park... 

Evanston. 

Evergreen Park . . 

Freeport 

Galesburg 

Granite City 

Highland Park... 

loliet 

Lansing. __ 

Lombard 

Maywood 

MoUne 

Morton Grove 

Mount Prospect . . 

NUes.. 

North Chicago ... 

Oak Lawn 

Oak Park 

Park Forest 

Pekin. 

Peoria 

Quincy 

Rantoul 

Rockford- 

Rock Island- 

Skokie 

Springfield 

Urbana 

Villa Park 

Waukegan 

VVheaton 

Wilmette 



INDIANA 



Anderson 

Bloomington... 

Columbus 

East Chicago. .- 

Elkhart 

Evansville 

Fort Wayne 

Gary... 

Hammond 

Indianapolis 

Lafayette 

Marion 

Michigan City.. 

Mishawaka 

Muncie 



Number of PoUce department employees 


City by State 


Number of Police department employees 


Total 

61 

64 

12 

46 

87 

14,849 

80 

103 

80 

128 

46 

89 


Police ofBcers 


Civilians 


Total 


Police officers 


Civilians 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


68 

S8 

12 

36 

81 

13,053 

61 

97 

62 

103 

38 

82 

37 

101 

69 

34 

29 

129 

35 

35 

44 

41 

43 

118 

23 

42 

48 

60 

38 

35 

50 

28 

82 

82 

28 

41 

204 

59 

14 

256 

70 

112 

133 

36 

29 

80 

39 

37 

131 

56 

65 

147 

104 

235 

285 

376 

193 

1,015 

75 

78 

90 

61 

120 


1 


1 


2 
5 


INDIANA-Con. 
New Albany 


61 

80 

297 

122 

48 

50 

39 

166 

51 

91 

146 

372 

78 

40 

51 

35 

53 

36 

126 

139 

68 

403 

80 

40 

50 

76 

35 

72 

266 

627 

42 

65 

101 

263 

828 
57 
88 
65 

92 

467 

67 

48 

86 

86 

129 

47 

1,779 

416 

70 
87 
163 


55 

72 

228 

109 

39 
37 
36 
134 
46 
81 
122 
304 
65 
39 
45 
32 
37 
35 
102 
122 

51 
281 
63 
37 
39 
61 
30 
61 
196 
350 

41 
60 
94 
208 
665 
43 
69 
62 

82 

402 

61 

42 

73 

81 

101 

42 

1,418 

356 

68 
76 
142 


3 
1 
3 

2 

1 
3 


2 

2 

29 

9 
6 

1 
11 


4 

5 

37 

11 




South Bend. . . 


119 
2 

1 


1 
1 
1,677 
5 
6 
13 
5 
3 


9 
5 

12 

4 

20 

5 

7 

3 

11 

14 

5 

15 
6 
4 

4 
2 

6 
11 


Terre Haute 


IOWA 
Ames 


Burlington 


6 
2 
18 


Cedar Falls 


Cedar Rapids . . 


Clinton 


40 






Council Bluffs- 


1 
1 
8 
3 


10 

24 

2 


9 


117 
85 
71 
32 


1 


5 
2 
2 
3 
21 
3 


Davenport 


13 
36 

8 
I 


Des Moines. . . . . . 




Fort Dodge... 


166 


Iowa City ... 




3 


3 


Marshalltown 


39 


Mason City 


1 
1 

1 


6 


10 


52 


1 


3 


Ottumwa 




43 


Sioux Citv 


3 
3 

1 
78 
8 


19 


57 
161 
23 


2 


3 

20 


Waterloo 




KANSAS 
Hutchinson 




62 
53 
69 
42 
43 
61 
34 
98 
99 
33 


2 

1 

1 
2 


4 
2 

1 

4 
7 
2 

6 
5 


6 
3 

7 

3 

3 

4 

4 

7 

10 

6 

3 

44 

1 

4 

19 

13 

13 

23 

2 

4 

11 

1 

5 

7 

2 
7 
8 
18 
12 
19 
25 
137 
3 
3 
11 
2 
12 


g 


Kansas City 


44 








3 


Manhattan . . . . 




2 
8 
4 


9 






Prairie Village 


1 


Sallna 


11 


Topeka. 


11 

1 
1 
6 
17 
1 

2 
10 


39 
87 

1 

7 

25 

11 

7 

3 

5 

6 


21 








Wichita 


79 


268 
61 
20 

299 
92 

130 

179 
41 
36 
91 


7 
1 

3 

1 
1 

1 


3 

2 
21 
8 
4 
22 
3 
3 


KENTUCKY 
Ashland 






4 




6 


Lexington . . . 


42 


Louisville . ... 


121 




2 


Owensboro 


12 


47 
46 


1 


7 
4 

12 


Paducah ' . 




LOUISIANA 


3 


139 




49 


68 


Bossier City ... 


6 


67 




2 
10 


6 

4 

1 

12 

2 

189 

25 

9 
3 




165 


1 

1 
9 
2 
6 

76 
1 

2 


7 
2 
7 

11 
5 

59 
3 
2 
2 




9 


120 


Lake Charles . . 


1 


264 


Monroe . 


16 


306 




3 


412 


New Orleans 


162 


223 

1,287 

82 

83 

105 


Shreveport 

MAINE 


35 
3 


63 


Lewlston 


8 


133 


1 




Portland 


21 



See footnote at end o£ table. 



167 



Table 62. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1971, Cities 25,000 and over in Population — Con. 



City by State 



MARYLAND 



Annapolis 

Baltimore 

Cuml^erland . 
Hagerstown . . 



IMASSACHUSETTS 



Arlington 

Attleboro 

Belmont 

Beverly 

Boston... 

Brockton 

Brookline 

Cambridge 

Cliicopee 

Danvers 

Dedham 

Fall Elver 

Fitchbuvg 

Framingham 

Gloucester .- 

Haverhill 

Holyoke 

Lawrence 

Leominster 

Lexington 

Lowell - 

Lynn 

Maiden 

Marlborough 

Medford 

Melrose 

Methuen 

Milton 

Natick 

Needliam 

New Bedford 

Newton 

Northampton 

Norwood- 

Peabody 

Pittsfield... 

Qulncy 

Revere 

Saugus 

Taunton 

Wakefield 

Waltham 

Watertown 

Wellesley 

Westfleld 

West Springfteld- 

Weymouth 

Worcester.. 



Number of Police department employees 



Total 



MICHIGAN 



Allen Park 

Ann Arbor 

Battle Creek 

Bay City 

Birmingham 

Bloomfield Township I 

Clinton Township ' 

See footnote at end of table. 



83 

3,888 

74 

82 



101 

55 

66 

72 

3,091 

201 

167 

256 

109 

36 

66 

256 

79 

107 

64 

89 

121 

149 

47 

66 

195 

199 

119 

44 

137 

58 

44 

67 

56 

53 

301 

226 

46 

47 

76 

94 

264 

110 

41 

71 

47 

124 

96 

50 

55 

62 

101 

606 



Police officers 



Male Female 



68 
188 
86 
87 
62 
61 
46 



78 

3,371 

67 

72 



90 

62 

63 

70 

2,716 

192 

152 

247 

105 

36 

64 

233 

71 

102 

60 

83 

116 

142 

44 

4S 

177 

185 

117 

41 

131 

66 

42 

66 

63 

62 

256 

209 

45 

47 

73 

86 

232 

104 

39 

70 

46 

119 

89 

48 

63 

60 

96 

422 



54 
140 
74 
80 
41 
65 
37 



53 



Civilians 



Male Female 



1 

221 
6 
3 



4 
243 

2 
7 



City by State 



MICHIGAN— Con. 



Dearborn 

Dearborn Heights. 

Detroit... 

East Detroit 

East Lansing 

Farmington Township.. 

Ferndale... 

Flint 

Garden City 

Grand Rapids 

Hamtramck 

Highland Park 

Holland 

Inkster... 

Jackson 

Kalamazoo — 

Lansing... 

Lincoln Park 

Livonia 

Madison Heights 

Midland... 

Muskegon. 

Oak Park 

Pontiac 

Portage 

Port Huron 

Redford Township 

Roscville 

Royal Oak 

Saginaw. 

Saint Clair Shores 

Southfleld... 

Southgate.. 

Sterling Heights. 

Taylor 

Troy 

Warren 

Waterford Township 

Westland 

Wyandotte... 

Wyoming 

YpsUanti 



MINNESOTA 



Austin 

Brooklyn Center.. 

Brooklyn Park 

Coon Rapids 

Crystal 

Duluth 

Edina 

Fridley 

Mankato 

Maplewood. 

Minneapolis 

Minnetonka 

Moorhead. 

Richfield 

Roseville... 

Saint Cloud 

Saint Louis Park.. 

Saint Paul 

South Saint Paul. 
Winona 



Number of PoUce department employees 



Total 



219 

94 

6.030 

62 

53 

49 

61 

449 

43 

370 

57 

130 

55 

62 

112 

182 

280 

72 

147 

49 

46 

79 

82 

174 

41 

71 

79 

76 

120 

182 

101 

136 

42 

114 

77 

64 

248 

48 

94 

66 

69 

51 



40 
34 
29 
34 
27 
163 
47 



48 
30 

894 
30 
31 
43 
40 
61 
51 

574 
33 
42 



Police officers 



Male Female 



188 
76 
5,338 
54 
40 
41 
63 

372 
40 

312 
62 

110 
49 
54 
93 

146 

236 
68 

124 
46 
39 
74 
76 

147 
33 
53 
61 
69 

100 

166 
94 

114 
37 
88 
62 
61 

214 
38 
83 
58 
60 
49 



36 

27 
27 
31 
26 

129 
42 
23 
43 
28 

794 
28 
30 
39 
37 
47 
46 

496 
32 
36 



1 
2 
100 
1 
2 



12 



Civilians 



Male Female 



26 

10 
362 
6 
7 
3 
5 

31 
3 

16 



2 


1 


1 




2 


4 


1 


1 




7 


1 


9 


1 


5 


1 


1 


2 


7 




1 




13 


1 


9 




7 


2 


14 




7 


1 


6 


1 


2 


1 






7 


i 


17 




3 




4 


1 


2 


1 




8 


41 


1 




1 


1 




1 


3 


29 



168 



Tofele 62.— Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1971, Cities 25,000 and oyer in Population—Con. 





Number of Police department employees 


City by State 


Number of Police department employees 


City by State 


Total 

116 
76 
61 

377 
98 
65 
49 

48 
77 
77 
137 
60 
78 

1,565 
59 
45 
47 
129 

2,863 
170 
83 
49 

100 
89 
54 

49 
232 
677 

498 

99 

244 

53 

160 
111 
49 

287 

251 

93 

48 

118 

35 

466 

107 

140 

51 

94 

68 

232 

120 


Police officers 


Civilians 


Total 

298 

67 

64 

63 

48 

66 

33 

106 

128 

145 

146 

972 

126 

68 

121 

47 

47 

68 

80 

71 

113 

60 

1,722 

138 

126 

64 

96 

93 

71 

139 

431 

65 

115 

78 

144 

68 

50 

70 

97 

378 

136 

119 

73 

88 

67 

90 

101 

46 

169 

574 
44 
53 
82 
62 

114 

312 
111 
71 

168 


Police officers 


Civilians 




Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


MISSISSIPPI 


66 
65 
47 
283 
81 
48 
43 

42 
71 
72 
108 
53 
59 

1,200 

47 

42 

42 

116 

2,210 
161 
75 
43 

84 
75 
45 

42 
187 
553 

389 

71 
189 

49 
139 
97 

47 

237 

194 
81 
47 

116 
31 

334 
92 

136 
49 
76 
58 

210 

114 


33 

1 

3 
3 

2 
3 

2 
6 
1 


8 
5 
7 
60 
7 
3 
3 

4 
2 
1 

13 
2 
9 
196 
C 


10 
6 
7 
33 
10 
1 

2 
4 
4 
14 
2 
8 
164 
5 
3 

7 
299 
9 
3 
3 

14 
13 

7 

3 

31 

71 

89 
14 
45 

3 

2 

5 
16 

6 

1 

2 

2 
63 
10 

5 

2 

9 

9 

19 

2 


NEW JERSEY-Con. 
Elizabeth 


278 

63 

62 

63 

46 

57 

27 

93 

115 

145 

132 

887 

125 

64 

118 

44 

46 

55 

77 

60 

104 

48 

1,461 

122 

107 

61 

88 

80 

63 

125 

394 

66 

101 

73 

121 

65 

46 

61 

89 

331 

118 

114 

71 

83 

64 

89 

97 

40 

148 

361 
36 
44 
64 
51 
78 

274 
107 
63 
147 




8 

1 








Hattiesburg 


Ewing Township 


3 


Fair Lawn 




o 




Fort Lee 










Franklin Township _ 






9 




Garfield 


1 


7 

4 

7 

10 


1 


Gloucester Township 






MISSOURI 


Hackensack 


6 
3 


Hamilton Township.. 


Cape Girardeau 


Hoboken _ 




Irvington 


2 


6 

53 

1 


8 
30 




Jersey City... 


Independence 


Kearny... 


Jefferson City 


Lakewood 


4 
3 
3 

I 




Linden... 








Livingston 






Kirkwood 


Lodi... 








Long Branch 




9 






1 
19 


4 

6 

325 


Madison Township 




Saint Joseph 


Mlddletown Township . 


10 

1 
3 


4 
6 
2 

166 
9 
17 
2 
6 
8 
3 
5 

26 
7 
9 
5 
9 
2 


7 




Montclair.. 




Springfield 


Neptune Township 




University City 


1 

3 

11 
5 

9 
6 

6 

4 


6 
2 

1 
2 

1 
3 

48 

11 

7 
6 

1 
3 
14 
2 

41 
41 
6 


Newark... 


85 




New Brunswick... 






North Bergen Township 




MONTANA 


Nutley.. 


1 

1 
5 

s 

8 
8 






Oi'ange. . 


Billings.. 


Paramus 


Great Falls 


Pai"sippany-Troy Hills 


Missoula . 






Paterson 


NEBRASKA 


Pennsauken 








Grand Island 










Lincoln 


Plainfield 




















Ridgewood. 


5 




Sayreville 


1 


4 
8 
29 
8 
1 
2 
6 


5 


Las Vegas 






Trenton 




North Las Vegas 


17 




















NEW HAMPSHIRE 


Vineland 


5 


Wayne Township 






Westfleld 


3 




West New York 




1 




Nashua ' 


West Orange 


4 


Portsmouth 


WilUngboro Township 


16 
3 

3 

1 

8 


2 
13 

105 

9 

9 

1 

11 

22 
2 
2 
3 


4 






8 


NEW JERSEY 

Atlantic City 


NEW MEXICO 




Bavonne. . 


92 


Belleville. 






Bergenfield 






Bloomfleld . 








Q 


Bridgewater Township 




2 
79 
5 


Roswell 


10 


Camden 






Cherry Hill 


NEW YORK 




ClUton 




Cranford Township 








Dover Township 


2 
2 


8 
1 
1 
4 


g 


East Brunswick Township 




2 


East Orange 






Edison 


Binghamton 


8 



Sec footnote at end of table. 



169 



472-311 0-72-12 



Table 6i.— Number of Full-Time Police Departmenf Employees, December 31, 1971, Cities 25,000 and over in Population — Con. 



City by State 



NEW YORK— Gon. 



Brighton... 

Buffalo. 

Cheektowaga 

Clarkstown 

ColonieTown 

Elmira 

Freeport 

Garden City 

Glen Cove... 

Oreenburgh 

Hempstead. 

Irondequoit 

Ithaca 

Jamestown 

Kingston 

Lackawanna 

Lockport 

Mount Vemon 

New Rochelle 

New York.. 

Niagara Falls 

North Tonawanda 

Orangetown 

Port Chester... 

Poughkcepsie Town. 

Ramapo Town. 

Rochester 

Rome 

Rotterdam 

Schenectady 

Syracuse 

Tonawanda Town... 

Utica.. 

Vestal 

Watertown 

West Seneca 

White Plains 

Yonkers 



NORTH CAROLINA 



Ashevllle 

Burlington 

Chapel Hill 

Charlotte 

Durham 

Fayetteville 

Gastonia 

Ooldsboro 

Greensboro 

Greenville 

High Point 

Kannapolls 

Raleigh 

Rocky Mount. . 

Wilmington 

Wilson... 

Winston-Salem . 



Number of Police department employees 



Total 



NORTH DAKOTA 



Bismarck 

Fargo... 

Grand Forks 

Mhiot 

Sec footnote at end of table 



38 

1,528 

110 

81 

56 

107 

79 

58 

69 

113 

84 

44 

56 

81 

68 

79 

49 

210 

204 

33, 015 

244 

49 

70 

62 

65 

69 

788 

69 

31 

157 

639 

122 

209 

23 

68 

62 

203 

537 



136 

81 
65 

699 

216 

144 
86 
64 

329 
67 

168 
36 

308 
68 
96 
65 

327 



Police officers 



Male 



34 

1,389 

105 

79 

62 

106 

73 

62 

54 

107 

81 

42 

48 

73 

67 

77 

47 

187 

181 

30, 363 

200 

46 

69 

59 

63 

66 

678 

64 

30 

142 

456 

117 

195 

19 

64 

60 

196 

480 



129 
67 
42 

491 

194 

121 
80 
53 

280 
60 

138 
34 

266 
62 
74 
64 



Female 



1 
4 

322 
6 



Civilians 



Male 



1 

2 

9 

7 

1,858 

28 
2 
1 
1 
1 
2 

35 
4 



25 



30 



Female 



13 

12 

472 

10 

1 



City by State 



OHIO 



Akron 

Alliance 

Barberton 

Beavercreek Township. 

Brook Park _ 

Canton 

Cincinnati 

Cleveland. 

Cleveland Heights 

Columbus... 

Cuyahoga Falls 

Dayton 

Delhi Township... 

East Cleveland 

Elyria 

Fah-bom 

Findlay... 

Garfield Heights.. 

Hamilton 

Kent 

Kettering 

Lakewood-- 

Lancaster 

Lima. 

Lorain 

Mansfield 

Maple Heights 

Marion 

MassiUon 

Mentor 

Middletown 

Newark... 

North Olmsted 

Norwood.. .- 

Parma 

Parma Heights 

Portsmouth... 

Sandusky 

Shaker Heights 

South Euclid 

Springfield.. 

Steubenville... 

Toledo... 

Upper Arlington 

Warren 

Whitehall 

Xenia 

Youngstown.. 

Zanesville 



OKLAHOMA 



BartlesvUle 

Del City 

Enid 

Lawton 

Midwest City... 

Muskogee 

Norman 

Oklahoma City. 

Ponca City 

Shawnee 

Stillwater 

Tulsa 



Number of Police department employees 



Total 



648 
54 
44 
11 
40 

227 

1,168 

2,453 

77 

1,183 

64 

494 
12 
77 
66 
43 
64 
45 

119 
31 
72 
82 
61 

111 
83 

108 
66 
67 
41 
41 
94 
67 
39 
53 

101 
29 
47 
67 
79 
50 

140 
66 

756 
41 
92 
37 
46 

316 
48 



136 

68 
75 
72 

678 
49 
42 
45 

649 



Police officers 



Male 



622 
43 
42 
7 
36 

209 

989 

2,261 

66 

986 
68 

406 
11 
69 
64 
36 
44 
44 

116 
23 
63 
76 
48 
94 
83 
88 
49 
52 
41 
36 
83 
64 
36 
53 
86 
24 
45 
45 
69 
43 

120 
64 

697 
38 
83 
33 
34 

287 
36 



42 
24 
53 

108 
61 
57 
66 

694 
48 
40 
38 



Female 



Civilians 



Male 



4 


6 




6 


1 


6 


1 


11 




1 




9 


4 


3 


1 






2 



37 



170 



Table 62. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, 


December 31, 1971, Cities 25,000 and over in Population— Con. 




Number of Police department employees 


City by State 


Number of PoUce department employees 


City by State 


Total 


Police officers 


Civilians 


Total 

183 

248 
66 
79 

111 

40 

71 

124 

304 
70 
89 
76 
72 

361 

1,263 

39 

811 
46 

140 

222 

127 

411 

76 

181 

98 

48 

322 

2,392 

67 

544 

40 

761 

114 

115 

68 

59 

2,252 

39 

111 

68 

44 

78 

241 

42 

70 

122 

123 

127 

94 

70 

117 

1,106 

51 

68 

60 

40 


Police officers 


Civilians 




Male 


Femalt 


Male 


Female 


Male 

144 
208 
44 
62 
93 

36 
65 
112 

278 
66 
78 
67 
56 

272 

1,042 

34 

668 
43 

118 

182 

113 

314 

69 

165 

79 

39 

271 

1,777 

49 

462 

36 

639 

104 

89 

45 

38 

1,912 

28 

90 

46 

33 

72 

214 

33 

64 

104 

101 

102 

83 

61 

94 

934 

43 

59 

47 

40 


Female 


Male 


Female 


OREGON 

CorvalUs 


41 
198 

66 
946 
162 

60 

85 
183 
100 
24 
149 
71 
74 

146 
60 

226 
44 
73 
87 

138 
46 

143 
26 
34 
46 
40 
53 
63 
69 
21 
64 
8,502 
1,697 
48 
60 

206 
36 
36 

189 
28 
30 
36 

174 
40 
31 

102 
41 
69 

114 

120 

33 

93 

30 

97 

34 

164 

466 

180 

109 


36 
138 

60 
721 
106 

36 

78 

165 

92 

20 

131 

62 

66 

121 

56 

204 

38 

68 

87 

116 

44 

121 

22 

31 

35 

32 

49 

68 

67 

17 

64 

7,489 

1,647 

39 

49 

176 

30 

33 

177 

26 

27 

33 

143 

33 

29 

93 

36 

66 

111 

109 
30 
86 
30 
88 
32 
144 
404 
159 
103 






6 
40 

9 
130 
36 

8 

17 
2 

13 

7 
2 
6 
3 
15 
1 
2 


SOUTH CAROLINA 


3 

1 
1 

1 
1 
1 

1 
2 

4 
21 

13 

1 

1 

2 
20 

6 


14 
27 
4 
8 
9 

3 

4 
1 
6 
2 
8 
44 
78 
6 

57 
1 

8 
8 
6 

44 
6 
2 
6 
6 
4 
247 
4 

35 




Eugene _._ 


1 
7 
18 
3 

2 

1 

1 
1 


19 

77 
8 
6 

5 
9 
6 
4 
4 
2 
6 

20 
2 
5 
4 
3 






Medford 






Portland 






Salem 






Springfield. 


SOUTH DAKOTA 

Aberdeen 




PENNSYLVANIA 


3 
5 


Abington Township 


Raoid Citv 


AUcntown 


Sionx Falk 


Altoona 


TENNESSEE 

Chattanooga 




Baldwin Borough 




Bethlehem.. 




Bristol Township 


21 




Clarksville 




Chester 


Jackson 








7 

8 

41 

112 


Erie 




Falls Township 


Knoxville 


Haverford Township 


Memphis 




Murfreesboro. 




Lancaster 


1 


11 


10 

1 

10 

2 

1 

4 

. 3 

3 

3 

2 

4 

4 

348 

26 

4 

1 

17 

1 
3 

6 
2 
3 
6 
2 
3 

10 
1 


Nashville-.- 






Oak Ridge 


9 


Lower Merlon Township 


1 
1 

1 

1 


12 
1 
2 
5 
6 

1 


TEXAS 

Abilene... 








Marple Township 




Middletown Township . .. 


14 


Mlllcreek Township 






Mount Lebanon Township 






Newcastle .. 


Austin 


66 


Norristown 


Baytown 




North Huntingdon Township ... 






Beaumont 


14 


Penn Hills Township 


67 
14 


6 

598 

10 

5 


Brownsville. 


13 


Philadelphia 


Bryan 


4 


Pittsburgh 


Corpus Christi - 




Potts town 


Dallas. - 


348 




Denton 


4 




1 
1 


12 
6 
1 
9 
3 
3 
3 

31 
1 


El Paso 




Ridley Township 


Farmers Branch 




Ross Township 


Fort Worth 


7 
2 

48 

1 
3 

1 


59 
3 

10 
5 

11 

93 
3 
6 

6 
1 
6 
4 
3 
6 
11 
8 


46 








Shaler Township 


Garland- 


14 


Springfield Township 


Grand Prairie.. 


8 


State College 


Harlingen 


10 




Houston 


199 


Warminster Township 


Hurst,. - 


8 


West Mifflin 


Irving __ 


14 


Wilkes-Barre 


1 
2 


6 

1 


Killeen 


9 


Wilklnsburg 




6 


WiUiamsport 


Longview.. 


6 




Lubbock 


21 






1 
3 
6 


McAUen 


5 


RHODE ISLAND 


Mesquite 


13 






11 


Cranston 






Cumberland 


Pasadena 


17 




Middletown. 




2 
4 

1 


13 
83 
6 
4 
6 




Newport 


1 


4 


4 
2 
6 
30 
9 


San Angelo 


10 
86 


North Kingstown 




3 

2 

1 


15 
19 
10 
6 


Sherman- - 

Temple - 




Providence.. 




Warwick 


6 


Woonsocket 


Texas City 





See footnote at end of table. 



171 



Table 62.— Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1971, Cities 25,000 and over in Population — Con. 



City by State 



TEXAS— Con. 



Tyler 

Victoria 

Waco 

Wichita FaUs. 



UTAH 



Ogden 

Orem - 

Prove 

Salt Lake City. 



VERMONT 



Burlington - 



VIRGINIA 



Alexandria 

Arlington 

Charlottesville . 

Chesapeake 

Danville 

Hampton 

Lynchburg 

Norfolk 

Petersburg 

Portsmouth 

Richmond 

Roanoke 

Virginia Beach- 



WASHINGTON 



Bellevuo--. 
Bremerton. 

Everett 

Longview-. 

Renton 

Richland... 

Seattle 

Spokane 



Number of Police department employees 



Total 



103 
67 
163 
137 



141 
29 
63 



241 
323 

68 
165 
120 
161 
119 
623 

S6 
211 
690 
206 
273 



96 
70 

110 

47 

76 

41 

1,480 

279 



Police officers 
Male Female 



79 
60 
127 
106 



107 
22 
68 

293 



194 
262 

65 
146 

96 
130 
103 
616 

61 
196 
626 
195 
213 



77 
67 
96 
41 
67 
37 
1,171 
242 



Civilians 



Male 



Female 



116 
6 



16 
3 

173 

27 



City by State 



WASHINGTON— Con. 



Tacoma 

Vancouver. 
Yakima 



WEST VIRGINIA 



Charleston.. . 

Fairmont 

Huntington.. 
Morgantown. 
Parkersburg.. 

Weirton.. 

Wheeling 



WISCONSIN 



Appleton.- -- 

Beloit - 

Brookfield- 

Eau Claire 

Fond du Lac 

Green Bay 

Janesville 

Kenosha.- 

La Crosse 

Madison 

Manitowoc 

Menomonee FaUs. 

Milwaukee --- 

New Berlin - 

Oshkosli 

Racine 

Sheboygan -- 

Superior 

Waukesha 

Wausau 

Wauwatosa - 

West Allis --. 



WYOMING 



Casper 

Cheyciine- 



Number of Police department employees 



Total 



281 
71 
112 



161 
36 

116 
36 

60 
34 
98 



187 
72 

166 
87 

329 
66 
68 
2,280 
41 
91 

230 

105 
66 
85 
60 

112 

161 



Police offlcers 



Male 



233 

69 
87 



136 
32 

107 
35 
46 
32 
91 



82 
56 
48 
68 
60 

148 
66 

136 
77 

266 
60 
49 
2,070 
34 
87 

171 
92 
64 
76 
57 
93 

130 



Female 



CiviUans 



Male 



7 
4 
1 
2 
7 
136 
4 



Female 



26 
11 
21 



12 
1 
7 



U 
10 
3 

8 
7 
5 
7 

12 
6 

49 
4 
2 

58 
3 
4 

38 

10 
1 
8 
2 
6 

15 



' Male or female breakdown not available for agencies listing only total offlcers or civilians. 



172 



Table 63. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1971, Cities With Population Under 25,000 


City by State 


Total police 
employees 


City by State 


Total police 
employees 


City by State 


Total police 
employees 




Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 

4 
5 
1 
3 

2 
1 

1 
1 

3 

1 

4 
4 
4 

1 
1 
3 

2 

1 

2 

2 
2 

2 
4 

5 

1 
1 
4 

1 

2 
5 

2 

6 
1 
2 


Total 


Male 


Female 


ALABAMA 

AbbevlUe 


9 
22 

28 
26 
25 
12 
22 
10 

9 
11 
14 
24 
11 

7 
21 

6 
19 

4 
16 
37 

8 
10 
10 
14 
14 
11 
30 
19 
10 
13 

8 
18 
26 
29 
11 
32 
21 
12 

7 

4 

6 
65 

25 
6 

22 

12 
6 
4 
8 

12 
1 

34 
4 
3 

13 

9 
21 

8 
24 
33 


9 

22 

28 
24 
24 
12 
22 
10 

9 
11 
13 
24 
10 

7 
21 

6 
19 

4 
16 
37 

8 
10 

9 
13 
14 
10 
29 
18 
10 
13 

7 
16 
22 
29 
11 
31 
20 
12 

7 

4 

5 

45 

17 

6 

16 

8 

6 

3 

4 

7 

1 

32 
3 
3 

12 
5 

20 
6 
19 
30 


2 

1 

1 

1 

1 

1 
1 
1 

1 
2 
3 

1 
1 

1 

20 

8 

6 
4 

1 

4 
5 

2 
1 

1 

4 
1 
2 
5 
3 


ARIZONA— Con. 
Coolldge 


16 

32 

16 

15 

3 

6 

19 

8 

21 

7 

fl 

8 

27 

9 

22 

7 

7 

11 

12 

21 

13 
12 

6 
34 

7 
U 

3 
21 
10 
16 

6 

8 
11 
11 

5 

3 
18 

6 
17 
16 
12 
27 
46 
13 

3 

5 
15 

3 
16 
10 
11 
21 
18 
27 
36 
16 
36 

7 
25 

7 
12 


11 
27 
14 
12 
3 
3 
18 
8 
21 
7 
8 
8 
26 
9 
19 
6 
7 
7 
8 
17 

13 
11 

4 
31 

7 
11 

3 
19 

9 
16 

6 

8 
11 
11 

6 

3 
16 

6 
15 
13 
12 
25 
42 
13 

3 

6 
10 
3 

16 
9 

20 
18 
25 
31 
16 
33 

7 
19 

6 
10 


CALIFORNIA— Con. 

Blythe 


22 
41 

8 
26 
10 

6 
33 
26 
20 
15 
14 
40 
12 
34 
13 
13 

3 
50 

7 
12 

8 
38 
17 

5 

9 
36 
28 

6 
IS 
10 

2 

7 

9 
40 
77 
25 

1 
45 

8 
12 

7 

2 
IS 

8 
13 
40 
14 
12 
32 

4 

8 
26 
16 

7 
10 

8 
31 
16 
27 
21 
15 
11 
30 
37 

2 
15 

6 


19 
34 

7 
22 

8 

6 
28 
20 
16 
11 
13 
34 

9 
29 
10 
13 

3 
43 

6 
10 

7 
35 
14 

5 

8 
29 
25 

6 
18 

9 

2 

7 

5 
35 
64 
23 

1 
39 

7 
11 

6 

2 
13 

7 

9 
33 
10 

8 
29 

4 

7 
24 
14 

6 

9 

7 

26 
12 
22 
19 
13 
10 
25 
29 

2 
11 

5 


3 

7 
1 
3 
2 


Albert TlUe 






Alexander City 


Globe 




Atliens... 












Boaz 






Chickasaw _ 


Kingman 




5 
6 
4 
4 
1 
6 
3 
5 
3 


Chlldersburg 


Miami 


Carlsbad 


Dalevllle 






Elba 


Page. 




Evergreen 


Paradise Valley 


Ceres 


Fairfield. 


Peoria 


Chico 


Fayette 


Prescott 


Chowchilla 


Foley 


Safford 




Fort Payne 


Sierra Vista 




Graysville 


Tolleson . . 


Coalinea 


Greenville 




Colfax 




Hartford 


Willcox 


Coltou 


7 
1 


Hartselle 


WiUiams 




Homewood. 


Winslow 

ARKANSAS 

Arkadelphia 

Batesville 

Beebe 




Huevtown 


Corning 


1 
3 
3 






Lafayette 




Leeds 


Cotati 


MIdfield 






Monroeville ..- 






Mountain Brook 


BlytheviUo 


Delano 


3 


Northport 


Booneville 

Brinkley 

Cabot 






Oneonta 


Dinuba 




Oxford 






Pleasant Grove 










Harrison 






Scottsboro 






Sylacauga 


Lake Village 


El Centro 




TaUassee 


Mena - 


El Segundo 


13 


Troy... 


Montioello 






Tuscumbia 


Etna 




Union Springs. 


Nashville 


Eureka 


G 


Warrior... 


Ozark 






Winfield 


Paragould 


Fairfax 


1 




Piggott 


Farmers viUe 


1 


ALASKA 


Rogers 

RusseUviUe 

Sherwood 


Ferndale 






Fillmore 


2 


Betliel. 


Firebaugh,. 


1 


Fairbanks 


Springdale... 

Texarkana 

Walnut Ridge 


Folsom 


4 






7 






4 


Ketchikan 


CALIFORNIA 




4 


Kodiak 


Foster City 


3 


Nome 


Fowler 




Palmer 


Gait.. 


1 






Gilroy 


9 


Sitka 


Anderson 

Angels Camp 


Grass Valley 


2 


Skagway 


Greenfield 


1 


Sponard Service Dis- 


Areata 


Oridley . 


1 


trict 






1 


Valdex 






5 


Wrangell. 


Atherton 




4 






6 


ARIZONA 


Banning 


Hillsborough , 


2 






HoUistcr 


2 






Holtvillo 


1 


Benson 


Belmont 

Belvedere 




5 


Bisbce 


Indio. 


8 








Casa Grande 






4 


Chandler 


Bishop 


Jackson 


1 



See footnote at end of table. 



173 



Table 63. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1971, Cities with Population under 25,000 — Continued 



City by State 



CALIFORNIA— Con. 



Kensington 

Kerman 

KlngCity._. 

Kingsburg - 

Larkspur 

Lemoore.- 

Lindsay - 

Live Oak — 

Livingston. -- 

Los Alamltos 

Los Altos 

Los Banos 

Los Gates 

Madera 

Manteca 

Marysville - 

Maywood 

McFarland 

Mendota 

Merced 

Mlllbrae 

MiU Valley 

Montague 

Montclair 

Morro Bay 

Needles 

Nevada City 

Newman 

Ojai 

Orange Cove-. --. 

Orland 

Orovllle 

Pacific Grove 

Palm Springs -... 

Palos Verdes Estates.. 

Paso Robles... 

Perrls 

Petaluma 

Piedmont 

Pinole 

Pismo Beach 

Pittsburg -. 

Placerville 

Pleasanton 

Port Hueneme 

Redding 

Reedley - 

Ridgecrest 

Rio Dell..- 

Ripon 

Rlverbani 

Rocklln.. 

Rohnert Park - 

EosevUle 

Ross> 

Saint Helena- 

San Anselmo 

San Clemente 

Sand City 

San Fernando 

Sanger 

San Jacinto 

San Juan Bautista... 

San Marino 

San Pablo-. 

Santa Paula... 

Sausalito.. 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



Male 



55 

25 

20 
3 

62 

16 

17 
7 
9 

17 
9 

10 

22 

20 

77 

21 

18 

13 

40 

21 

22 

13 

37 

19 

29 

20 

48 

15 

18 

13 
7 
8 
6 
9 
35 
6 
10 
20 
46 
2 
45 
19 
16 
2 
30 
43 
31 
32 



44 
20 
16 
3 
42 
13 
15 
7 
7 

13 

9 

9 

19 

19 

61 

19 

16 

9 

33 

20 

17 

12 

30 

16 

22 

15 

36 

16 

14 

11 

6 

8 

4 

8 

28 



Female 



City by State 



CALIFORNIA— Con. 



Scotts Valley 

Seal Beach 

Sebastopol 

Selma 

Shatter 

Sierra Madre -^ 

Signal HiU-.. 

Soledad... 

Sonoma 

Sonora — 

South Lake Tahoe... 

South Pasadena 

Stanton 

State Harbor Police- 

Suisun City 

Susan viUe 

Sutter Creek. 

Taft... 

Tracy 

Tulelake 

Turlock 

Tustin — 

Ukiah .-. 

Union City 

Vacaville 

Vernon — 

Wasco 

Watsonville 

Weed .- 

Wheatland 

WiUits 

Willows 

Woodland 

Woodlake 

YrekaCity 

Yuba City 



COLORADO 



Aspen 

Brighton 

Broomfield 

Brush 

Carbondale 

Cherry Hill 

Commerce City.. 

Delta 

Durango 

Edgewater 

Florence 

Fort Morgan 

Glendale. 

Golden 

Grand Junction. 

Guimison 

La Junta.- 

Lamar 

Leadville 

Longmont 

Loveland 

Manzanola 

Montrose 

Oak Creek 

Rifle 

Rocky Ford 

Sahda 

Sheridan 



Total pohce 
employees 



Total 



Male 



Female 



11 


6 


13 


2 


9 


4 


8 


6 


1 




12 




36 


7 


7 




18 


4 


7 


1 


4 




11 


4 


13 


4 


17 


2 


36 


6 


10 


1 


10 


1 


16 


1 


6 


3 


36 


6 


22 


4 


1 




11 




1 




4 




7 




8 




9 


1 



City by State 



COLORADO— Con. 



Sterling 

Thornton 

VaU.... 

Westminster- 



CONNECTICUT 



Avon 

Berlin 

Bethel. , 

Bloomfield 

Chestiire 

Clinton 

Danielson 

Darien- 

Derby,. 

Farmington 

Glastonbury 

Granby 

Groton 

Guilford 

Madison 

Monroe 

Naugatuck 

New Canaan 

North Haven 

Old Saybrook.-. 

Orange.. 

Plainville 

Putnam 

Ridgefield 

Rocky Hill 

Seymour 

Simsbury 

Stafford Sprmgs . 

Stonington 

Waterford.. 

Watertown 

Willlmantlc 

WiltoQ 

Windsor 

Windsor Locks... 

Wolcott 

Woodbridge 



DELAWARE 



Dover.-. 

Laurel... 
Lewes -., 
Mllford.. 
Newark - 
Smyrna- 



FLORIDA> 

Altamonte Springs. 

Altha 

Aruia Maria 

Apalachioola .- 

Apopka 

Arcadia 

Atlantic Beach 

Atlantis 

Aubumdale 

Bal Harbour 

Bartow 



Total pohce 
employees 



Total 



Male 



17 


13 


4 


60 


64 


6 


8 


8 




5 


5 




22 


19 


3 


43 


40 


3 


12 


11 


1 


12 


11 


1 


1 






3 


3 




fi 






17 






7 






^•' 






5 






1'' 






17 






30 







See footnote at end of table. 

174 



Table 63. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1971, Cities with Population under 25,000 — Continued 



City by State 


Total police 
employees 


City by State 


Total police 
employees 


City by State 


Total police 
employees 




Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


FLORID A-Con. 

Bay Harbor Islands 


17 
11 
3 
4 
48 
2 
5 
4 
3 
3 
42 
43 

? 

2 
3 
3 

2 
16 

4 
15 

3 

1 
10 

3 

4 
33 
30 

8 

6 
12 

6 
13 

7 
17 
30 

3 
19 

11 

40 

5 

32 

83 

3 

31 

5 

4 

7 

8 

6 

9 

8 

10 

38 

7 

2 

8 

2 

2 

14 

1 

4 

8 

21 

5 

2 






FLORIDA-Con. 

Haines City... 


19 
53 
7 
5 
10 
13 
5 
38 

6 
12 

5 

6 
43 

4 

9 
11 

6 

1 
20 

9 
19 

5 

1 
19 
17 
58 
15 
43 

9 
22 
27 
22 
11 

5 
12 

5 

6 
17 

8 
19 

4 

3 
26 
11 

9 

5 
35 
35 
10 

2 
40 
17 

8 
46 

6 

1 
18 
34 

8 
22 

6 

19 
5 
6 

1 






FLORIDA— Con. 

Oakland.. 


1 
37 
68 

6 
14 

7 

3 
27 
U 
32 

3 
12 
22 
16 
74 
23 

6 
22 

7 
15 

3 
15 
27 
12 
32 
48 
29 
10 

5 
14 
29 

5 

6 
58 
18 

6 

7 
31 
12 

4 
30 

» 
43 

6 

8 

4 
15 

1 

4 
10 

3 
37 
10 

5 
10 
16 
17 
31 
19 

6 
20 
20 
17 
12 
17 

4 






Belleair 












Oakland Park . . 






BeUeair Beach 






Hialcali Gardens 

High Springs. 






Ocala 






Belleair Bluffs 










Ocean Ridge 






Belle Glade— 






Hillsboro Beach 

Holly mil 


9 
12 


1 

1 


Ocoee.. 






Belleview 


2 




Okeechobee 






Biscayne Park 


Holmes Beach 


Oldsmar 


3 




Blountstown 
















Bonifay. .-. 


3 
3 




Howey-in-the-Hills 


2 




Orange Park 






Bowling Green 








Boynton Beach .... 


Indian Harbour 


6 


6 




3 




Bradentou 






Indian Rocks Beach.... 


Pahokee . . 










5 




Palatka 


21 


1 


Brooksville 


7 
2 
3 




Jacksonville Beach 


Palm Bay 




4 










Bushnell 


Jupiter 


Palm Beach Gardens... 
Palm Beach Shores 






Callahan 


Jupiter Island 






6 






2 




Kenneth City 


6 






Cape Canaveral 


Keystone Heights 


Palm Springs 








4 
13 


2 






Panama City Beach 


16 




Casselberry 


Lake AUred 


6 


3 






Lake City 














Lake Clark Shores 

Lake Hamilton 






Pembroke Pines. 

Perry. 






Chattahoochee 


9 


1 










Chiefland 










.t 


Chipley 






Lake Wales 












Cocoa - 


30 


3 


Lake Worth 






Plant City 






Cocoa Beach 


Lantana 








9 


I 


Coconut Creek 






Largo 
















Lauderdalc-by-the-Sca. . 
Lauderdale Lakes 


8 
21 


1 
1 


Punta Gorda 


















Crescent City 






Redington Beach 

Redington Shores 


5 
5 




Crestview . . 






Lighthouse Point 

Live Oak 


20 


2 




Crystal River 








Dade City 






Longboat Key 












Dania 












Royal Palm Beach. 






Davenport 






Lynn Haven 






7 
















Saint Augustine 




















Shores 


Madison 








4 




Deerfield Beach 


40 
5 
28 


4 


Maitland 






Saint Petersburg Beach. 








4 
3 




1 






















Dundee 












Sea Ranch Lakes 






Dunedin 






Medley 


9 
5 




4 

14 

1 




Dunnellon 






Melbourne Beach 




1 












Eatonville 


4 


3 


Miami Springs 










Edgewater 


Milton 












El Portal.. 








2 
37 

17 


3 


South Flomaton 

Oniith Miami 






Fernandina Beach 






Mu'amar 






Florida City 


8 
10 












Fort Meade 


Mulberry 




5 
6 




Fort Walton Beach 


Naples 








4 


















Fruitland Park 


2 
8 
2 




Newberry 






Stuart 


17 






New Port Richey. 

New Smyrna Beach 

Nicevillc 






Sunrise Golf Village 














Greenacres 






Sweetwater... 






Green Cove Springs 






North Bay Village 

North Lauderdale 




























4 

7 

21 


1 


14 


5 






Temple Terrace 


16 






North Pahn Beach 

North Port Charlotte... 
North Redington Beach 
Oak Hill. 


1 


Gulf Breeze 


Tequesta 








Gulf Stream 






Treasure Island 


17 






Hacienda Village 










Valparaiso 





See footnote at end of table. 



175 



Tabic 63. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1971, Cities with Population under 25,000 — Continued 



City by State 



FLORIDA— Con. 



Venice - 

Virginia Gardens. 

Waldo 

Webster 

West Miami 

Wewahitchka 

Whitesprings 

Wildwood 

Williston 

Wilton Manor 

Windermere 

Winter Garden 

Winter Haven 

Winter Park 

Zephyrhills 



GEORGIA 



Adel 

Americus 

Bainbridge 

Bamesville 

Bremen 

Camilla 

Canton 

Carroll ton 

Cartersville 

Chamblee 

College Park 

Decatur 

Douglasville 

Dublin 

Elberton 

Falrbum 

Fort Oglethorpe _ 

Fort Valley 

Gainesville. 

Garden City 

Greensboro 

Griffln 

HawklnsvUle 

Hinesvllle 

Lafayette.. 

La Grange 

Lyons 

Manchester 

McDonough 

MilledgevUle 

Monroe. 

Montezuma 

Moultrie 

Newnan 

Perry 

Quitman 

Biverdale 

Rossville 

Statesboro 

Sylvania 

Thomaston 

Trion 

Union City 

VUlaRica. 

Waycross 

Waynesboro 

West Point 

Winder 



Total pohce 
employees 



Total 



9 
36 
31 
18 
14 
10 
12 
17 
11 
23 
7 
6 
10 
49 
10 
16 
19 



Male 



12 

28 

18 

11 

11 

10 

10 

23 

27 

16 

42 

35 

16 

23 

17 
7 

12 

18 

46 
6 
4 

61 
8 
7 

14 

45 

10 

11 
6 

25 

22 

9 

34 

30 

17 

12 

6 

11 

16 

10 

23 

7 

5 

10 

43 

10 

13 

19 



Female 



City by State 



IDAHO 

American Falls... 

Blackfoot 

Burley 

Caldwell.. 

Chubbuck 

Coeur d'Alene 

Emmett 

Gooding 

Grace 

Grangeville 

Jerome.. 

Kellogg 

Montpelier 

Moscow. 

Mountain Home.. 

Nampa. 

Payette 

Rexburg 

Rupert 

Saint Anthony . . . 

Saint Maries 

Sandpohit 

Shelley 

Soda Springs 

Twin Falls 

Wallace. 

Weiser 



ILUNOIS 



Abingdon 

Addison 

Algonquin 

Alsip 

Antloch 

Aubiu'n.. 

Barrlngton 

Barrlngton Hills., 

Bartonville 

Batavla 

Beardstown 

Belvidere 

Benld 

Bensenville 

Berkeley 

Blue Island 

BoUngbrook 

Bourbonnais 

Bradley 

Broadview 

Brookfleld.. 

Burr Ridge 

Bushnell 

Cahokia. 

Cairo 

Calumet Park... 

Canton 

Carbondale 

Carmi 

Carol Stream — 

Carroll ton 

Carterville 

Casey 

Caseyville 

Centralia 

Charleston 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



4 

37 

10 

17 

10 
2 

23 

10 

10 

20 
9 

24 
2 

24 

11 

24 

14 
4 

11 

25 

25 

7 

6 

23 

20 

8 

20 

46 

12 

14 

4 

3 

6 

6 

22 

22 



Male 



4 
34 

6 
14 

7 

2 
20 

9 

7 
18 

9 
19 

2 
23 
10 
23 
10 

3 
10 
24 
25 

6 

4 
22 
18 

8 
16 
42 

U 

10 
4 
3 
6 
5 

22 

20 



Female 



City by State 



ILUNOIS-Con. 



Chester. 

Chicago Ridge 

Clarendon Hills... 

Chnton 

Coal Valley... 

Columbia. 

Countryside 

Crest Hill... 

Crestwood. 

Crete... 

Crystal Lake 

Deerfield 

Dixon 

Du Quoin 

East Alton. 

East Dundee 

East Moline 

East Peoria 

Effingham 

Elk Grove Village- 

Eureka.. 

Fairmont City 

Fairview Heights. . 

Flora 

Flossmoor.. 

Forest Park 

Frankhn Park 

Galena.. 

Qalva 

Geneseo 

Geneva.. 

Genoa 

Gibson City 

Glencoe 

Glendale Heights.. 

Glon EUyn... 

Glenview. 

Glenwood — 

Goir. .--.- 

Grayslake. 

Hanover Park 

Harvard 

Hebron 

Hickory Hills 

Highland 

Highwood 

Hillsboro. 

Hoflman Estates. . 

Hometown. 

Homewood... 

Hoopeston 

Huntley 

Itasca. 

Jacksonville 

Jersey ville 

Johnston City 

Justice 

Kenilworth 

Knoxville 

La Grange 

La Grange Park.. 

Lake Forest 

Lakemoor 

La Salle 

Lebanon 

Lemont 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



11 

16 

14 

11 
1 

11 

16 

14 
7 
6 

28 

32 

31 
8 

17 
4 

30 

32 

16 

49 
3 
6 

13 

11 

15 

32 

37 
6 
2 

12 

17 
3 
6 

21 

21 

34 

43 

14 

11 

11 

22 

10 
4 

19 

13 
8 
7 

36 
1 

28 

13 

3 

13 

35 

13 

4 

4 

12 

3 

32 

27 

38 

5 

17 

4 

13 



Male 



7 




34 


2 


1 




24 


4 


8 


6 


3 




9 


4 


29 


6 


12 


1 


4 




3 


1 


11 


1 


3 




28 


4 


23 


4 


35 


3 


4 


1 


17 




4 




9 


4 



See footnote at end of table. 

176 



Toble 63.— Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1971, Cities with Population under 25,000-Continueel 



City by State 


Total poUce 
employees 




Total 


Male 


Female 


ILLINOIS— Cor. 

Libertyville... . 


27 

28 

29 

17 

8 

18 

24 

2 
35 

8 

7 
34 
20 
62 
11 
24 
10 

4 
22 
13 

6 
13 
11 
26 
29 
31 

6 

6 
20 

6 

20 
17 
24 
12 

8 
13 

8 
15 

3 

6 
19 

6 
10 

7 
16 

3 
22 
27 
19 

8 
26 
34 
17 
15 
28 

4 
32 
10 

8 
36 
26 

7 
10 
11 

5 
22 

1 


23 
26 
28 
16 

7 
18 
22 

2 
30 

6 

7 
31 
15 
55 
11 
20 
10 

4 
22 
13 


4 
3 

1 


Lincoln. . 


Lincolmvood 


Lisle : 


Litchfield 


1 


Lyons 


Macomb. 


2 

5 

2 

3 

6 

7 

4 


Maple Park 


Markhani 


Marquette Heights 

Matteson 


Mattoon... 


Mc Henry 


Melrose Park 


Mendota 


Midlothian 


Milan . 


Momence 


Monmouth 




Morrison i 


Morton 


11 

5 

26 

24 

31 

6 

6 

18 

6 

19 

17 

18 

12 

8 

10 

8 

14 

3 

6 

19 

5 

6 

7 

15 

3 

18 

23 

19 

8 

25 

28 

13 

14 

25 

4 

30 
7 
8 
33 
23 
7 

10 

8 

5 

20 

1 


2 
6 

5 

2 

1 
6 

3 

1 

4 

1 

4 
4 

1 
6 
4 
1 
3 

2 
3 

3 
3 

3 

2 






Mundelein . 




Nashville 


Nokomis. 




North Aurora 


Northfleld 


North Riverside 

Oak Forest 


O'Fallon . . 




Orland Park 


Pana 




Park Forest South 

Paxton . . 


Peru.. 

Pittsfleld 

Piano 


Polo 




Posen . . . 


Riverdale 






Robinson 


Hock Falls 


Rolling Meadows 

Romeoville 

Roselle 

Rosemont 


Sandwich 

Savanna... 

Schaumburg.. 

Schiller Park 


Shelbyville 

Silvis. 

South Beloit 


South Elgin 

South Holland .... 


South Jacksonville 



City by State 


Total police 
employees 


City by State 


Total police 
employees 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


ILLINOIS-Con. 
Staunton. 


4 

8 
13 
17 
28 

5 
U 
17 

1 
11 
13 
12 
16 
25 
20 

9 
17 

8 
36 

6 

9 

6 
29 
19 
22 

4 
28 

6 
12 
10 

7 
36 
27 

3 

4 
16 

9 
11 
13 

9 
16 
10 
12 

3 
35 
16 
15 

7 
11 
16 

8 
28 
13 
32 
21 
32 
26 
28 

3 
14 
33 
41 
24 
18 


4 

7 
13 

16 

25 

5 

11 

17 

1 

7 

11 

12 

U 

26 

17 

9 

13 

8 

36 

6 

5 

4 

28 

14 

18 

4 

26 

6 
11 
10 

4 
29 
26 

3 

4 
15 

6 
10 
10 

8 
16 
10 
12 

3 
27 
13 
16 

7 

6 
12 

7 
26 

9 
29 
17 
28 
24 
27 

3 
13 
32 
40 
23 
18 


1 

1 
3 

4 

2 

4 
3 

4 

4 
1 
1 

5 

4 

2 

1 

3 

6 
1 

4 
1 
3 
1 

1 

8 
3 

6 
3 

1 
2 
4 
3 

i 
i 
2 
1 

1 
1 
1 
1 


INDIANA-Con. 


37 

6 

9 
23 
U 
26 
16 
10 

8 
12 
12 

4 
30 
34 
13 
11 
12 
14 

8 
20 
29 
12 

1 

6 
35 
31 
25 
19 
18 
29 
24 

4 

9 
3 

4 
13 
14 

4 

5 
16 

4 
12 

6 
13 
15 
13 

6 

8 

6 

6 
15 
14 
19 

8 

8 

4 
13 

8 
31 
10 
11 
12 
10 
12 


36 

6 

5 

23 

10 

26 

45 

9 

6 

9 

9 

4 

29 

28 

9 

11 

9 

14 

6 

20 

28 

9 

1 

6 

32 

30 

26 

17 

16 

26 

24 

4 

8 
3 

4 
12 
10 

4 

6 
16 

4 
11 

6 
13 
15 
11 

6 

3 

5 
14 
14 
16 

e 

8 

4 
12 

6 
■25 
10 

8 

9 

7 

9 


1 


Steger 




Stickney 




4 


Stone Park 




Streator. 




1 


Swansea... 




Vandalia... 






Venice 




1 
3 


Warrenvillc... 


New Whiteland 


Washington 


North Manchester 

North Vernon 


Washington Park 

Watseka. 


3 




Wauconda 




1 
6 
4 


Westchester 




Western Springs 


Portland... 


West Frankfort 




Westmont 




3 


WestviUe 


Rushville 


WheeUng 






White Hall 






Wilmington 


Speedway 


1 

3 


Winfleld 


Tipton 


Winnetka 




Woodstock.. 


Union City 




Worth 




3 


Yorkville 




Zion 


Wabash 




INDIANA 


Warsaw. 


2 


Washington. . . 


2 


West Lafayette 




Whiting... 




Auburn 


Winona Lake 






IOWA 




BatesviUe— 




Bedford 














Bicknell 


Anamosa 




Brazil 












Brownsburg . 


Audubon 




Cedar Lake.. 


Bloomfield 










Chesterton . 


Camanche 




Clinton 

Columbia City 

Corydon.. . . 


Carroll 


1 


Carter Lake . . . . 




Centerville 




Crawfordsville 


Charles City 






Clarinda . 




Decatur 

Dunkirk.... 










Dyer . . 


Clive 


3 


East Gary 


Coralville 


Fairmount 










Gas City 


Denison 


3 








Griffith. . 






Highland 

Hobart 


Eldora 




Estherville 


1 




■; 


Jasonville 


Fort Madison 





Jasper 

Jeffersonville 


Grinnell 




Hampton 

Harlan 

Humboldt 

Independence 


3 
3 
3 
3 


La Porte. 


Lawrence. 


Lebanon 



See footnote at end of table. 



177 



Table 63. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1971, Cities with Population under 25,000 — Continued 



City by State 



IOWA— Con. 



KnoxvlUe... 

Le Claire 

Le Mars - - 

Manchester. _ 

Maquoketa 

Marion 

Missouri Valley. . . 

Monticello 

Mount Pleasant... 

Mount Vernon 

Muscatine 

Newton 

Oelwein.. 

Osceola 

Oskaloosa 

Bella.... 

Perry 

Sheldon 

Sibley 

Sioux Center 

Spencer 

Spirit Lake 

Tama 

Urbandale 

Washington 

Waukon 

Waverly 

Webster City 

West Burlington.. 

West Des Moines.. 

West Union. 

Windsor Heights.. 

Winterset. 



KANSAS 



Abilene 

Anthony... 

Arkansas City.. 

Atchison 

Augusta 

Baxter Springs.. 

Belleville 

Beioit 

Caney 

Cherryvale 

Clay Center 

CofleyviUe 

Colby 

Concordia 

Council Grove- 
Derby 

Dodge City 

El Dorado 

EUinwood 

EUis 

Ellsworth 

Emporia 

Eureka.. 

Fairway 

Fort Scott 

Fredonia 

Galena 

Garden City... 

Gardner 

Garnett... 

Goodland 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



Male 



13 

4 

31 

23 

16 
4 

12 

11 

13 
6 
5 
4 

14 
8 
4 

20 
6 
6 

17 

18 
4 

23 
4 

11 
6 



Female 



12 




3 




11 




5 


3 


9 


3 


20 


2 


3 




5 


3 


13 




4 




27 


4 


22 


1 


14 


2 


3 


1 


12 




9 


2 


9 


4 


5 




5 




4 




13 


1 


8 




4 




19 


1 


6 




6 




15 


2 


17 


1 



10 


3 


6 


3 


4 




12 


4 


25 


5 


28 


5 


5 




4 




4 


1 


23 


10 


10 




6 




16 




6 


3 


5 




26 


7 


1 


1 


5 




11 


2 



City by State 



KANSAS— Con. 



Great Bend 

Haysville 

Herington 

Hiawatha.. 

Hillsboro 

Hoisington 

Holton 

Horton 

Hugoton.. 

Humboldt 

Independence.. 

lola.... 

Junction City.. 

Kingman 

Lansing 

Lamed 

Leawood. 

Lenexa 

Liberal 

Lindsborg 

Lyons. 

Marysville 

McPherson 

Merriam 

Mission 

Neodesha 

Newton 

Oakley 

Olathe.. 

Osage City 

Ottawa 

Paola 

Parsons 

PhiUipsburg. . . 

Pittsburg 

Plainville 

Pratt... 

Russell.. 

Scott City 

Shawnee.. 

Ulysses 

Valley Center.. 

Wa Keeney 

Wellington 

Westwood 

Winfleld.. 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



KENTUCKY ' 



Albany 

Alexandria 

Allen.. 

Anchorage 

Auburn _. 

Augusta 

Barbourville.. 

Bardstown 

Beattyvillc... 
Beaver Dam.. 

Bellevue 

Benton 

Berea 

Bloomfleld.... 
Brandenburg. 

Bromley 

BurkesvlUe... 
Burnside 



Male 



22 

9 

5 

6 

3 

7 

7 

4 

4 

5 
18 
14 
31 

5 

2 

7 
16 

7 
23 
4 
6 
6 

13 

13 

10 
5 

19 
6 

19 
4 

14 
7 

26 
4 

34 
4 

11 
7 
8 

25 
5 
5 
3 

14 
7 

17 



Female 



City by State 



KENTUCKY— Con. 



Cadiz - 

Calvert City 

CampbellsviUe 

Carlisle 

CarroUton 

Catlettsburg. 

Cave City 

Central City 

Clarkson 

Clinton 

Cloverport 

Columbia — 

Corbin. 

Crescent Springs . . . 

Crotton 

Cumberland. 

Cynthiana 

Danville 

Dawson Springs — 

Dayton. 

Dry Ridge 

Eddyville. 

Edmonton... 

Elizabethtown 

Elkton 

Elsmere 

Eminence 

Erlanger 

Evarts 

Falmouth 

Flatwoods 

Flemingsburg 

Florence 

Fort Mitchell 

Fort Thomas 

Fort Wright 

Frankfort 

Franklin 

Fulton... 

Georgetown 

Glasgow... 

Grayson 

Greensburg 

Greenville 

Guthrie.. 

Hardinsburg. 

Harlan .-- 

Harrodsburg 

Hartford 

Hawesville 

Hazard 

Henderson. 

Hickman 

Highland Heights.. 

Hindman 

Hodgenville 

Hopkinsville 

Hustonville 

Irvine... 

Irvington 

Jackson... 

Jamestown 

Jeffersontown 

Jenkins 

Junction City 

La Grange. 

Lakeside Park 



Total poUce 
employees 



Total 



4 

1 
14 

3 
13 

6 

4 

6 

1 

4 

1 

5 
16 

5 

1 

9 
15 
25 

4 

6 

1 

1 

2 

19 

4 

3 

4 

14 

1 

5 

4 

4 

12 

5 

19 

4 

39 

15 

12 

12 

21 

5 

5 

6 

2 

3 

16 

12 

2 

2 

14 

39 

6 

1 

1 

6 

46 
1 
5 
1 
6 



Male 



Female 



14 



See footnote at end of table. 



178 



Table 63— Number ofFull-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1971, Cities with Population under 25,000— Continued 



City by State 



KENTUCKY— Con. 



Lancaster 

Lawrenceburg 

Lebanon. 

Lebanon Junction... 

Leitchfield... 

Lewisport 

Liberty 

London 

Louisa 

Ludlow 

Madisonv ille 

Manchester 

Marion 

Martin 

Mayfield 

Maysville 

Middlesboro 

Midway 

Monticello 

Morehead 

Morganfield 

Morgan town 

Mount Sterling 

Mount Vernon 

Mount Washington.. 

Muldraugh 

Murray 

Neon 

Newcastle.- 

New Haven 

Nicholasville 

Nortonville 

Olive HiU 

Owenton 

Owingsville. 

Paintsville.. 

Paris 

Park Hills 

Pembroke 

Pewee Valley 

PikeviUe 

Pineville 

Prestonsburg 

Princeton 

Providence.. 

Raceland... 

Radclifl 

Ravenna 

Richmond 

Russell 

Russell Springs 

Russellville 

Saint Matthews 

Scottsville 

Sebree. 

Shelby ville 

Shepherdsville. 

Shively 

Somerset 

Southgate 

Springfield 

Stanford 

Sturgis 

Taylor Mill 

Taylorsville 

Tonipkinsville 

Vanceburg 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



Male 



Female 



City by State 



KENTUCKY— Con. 



Versailles 

Vine Grove... 

Walton. 

Warsaw 

West Liberty.. 
West Point.... 
Wheelwright. - 
Whitesburg... 
Williamsburg.. 
Willianistown. 

Wilmore 

Winchester 



LOUISIANA 



Abbeville 

De Ridder 

Donaldsonville. 

Franklin... 

Hammond 

Haynesville 

Jennings 

Jonesboro 

Kaplan. 

Lockport 

Mamou. 

Marksville 

Minden 

Morgan City 

New Roads 

Plaquemine 

Rayne.. 

Ruston 

Springhill 

Sulphur. 

Vivian 

Welsh. 

West Monroe 



MAINE 

Bath 

Biddeford 

Brewer 

Brunswick 

Bucksport. 

Calais 

Cape Elizabeth 

Caribou 

Dexter 

Ellsworth 

Falmouth... 

Farmington. 

Fort Fairfield 

Gardiner 

Hallowell 

Hampden 

Houlton 

Kittery. 

Lincoln 

Madison 

Millinocket. 

Milo.. 

Old Orchard Beach. 

Old Town 

Orono 

Pittsfleld 

Presque Isle 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



Male 



Female 



20 


2 


34 


3 


14 


1 


13 


7 


20 


2 


18 


3 


8 




14 


2 


10 




11 




3 




10 




6 




16 


1 


39 


4 


6 




19 


1 


16 




19 


2 


9 


1 


18 




9 


1 


6 




28 


2 


17 


1 


il3 


2 


14 




25 


2 


4 


1 


8 




8 




16 




6 




7 




10 


2 


6 




10 




10 




4 




3 




10 




14 




4 




3 




10 




3 




10 




11 


I 







8 


2 


16 





City by State 



MAINE— Con. 



Rockland 

Rumford 

Saco... 

Sanford 

Skowhegan 

South Berwick.. 
South Portland. 

Thomaston 

Topsham 

Wells 

Westbrook. 

Winslow... 

Winthrop 



MARYLAND 



Aberdeen 

Bel Air 

Bladensburg 

Brunswick 

Cambridge 

Chestertown 

Crisfleld.. 

District Heights. 

Easton 

Elkton... 

Forest Heights. . 

Frederick. 

Frostburg 

Greenbelt 

Havre de Grace. . 

Hyattsville 

Laurel 

Mount Rainier, . 
Pocomoke City . . 

Riverdale. 

Salisbury. 

Sparrows Point.. 

Takoma Park 

University Park. 
Westminster 



MASSACHUSETTS 



Abington 

Acton 

Acushnet 

Adams 

Agawam 

Amesbury 

Amherst 

Andover 

Ashburnham. 

Ashland 

Athol 

Avon 

Barnstable. .. 

Bedford 

Bellinghani. . . 

Berlin 

Blackstone 

Bourne 

Boxford 

Boylston 

Bridgewater.. 

Burlington 

Carlisle 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



23 
19 
13 

7 
35 

6 
10 

6 
18 
10 

5 
63 
12 
24 
19 
21 
25 
14 
10 

8 
46 
184 
28 

3 
15 



Male 



13 


1 


14 




16 




24 




10 




2 




47 




2 




5 


1 


4 




22 


1 


5 




6 




21 


1 


16 


3 


13 




7 




34 


1 


6 




9 


1 


6 




16 


2 


10 




5 




68 


5 


12 




22 


2 


16 


3 


19 


2 


20 


5 


13 


1 


9 


1 


7 


1 


42 


4 


83 


1 


26 


2 


3 




14 


1 


23 




18 




11 


2 


18 


1 


38 


1 


22 




20 


1 


42 




6 


1 


15 


1 


18 




9 




53 


2 


23 


1 


20 




3 




10 




24 


2 


4 




3 




14 


2 


45 


3 


2 





See footnote at end of table. 



179 



Table 63. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1971, Cities with Populatior) under 25,000 — Continued 



City by State 



MASSACHUSETTS— 
Con. 



Chatham 

Clinton _.. 

Cohasset 

Concord 

Dalton 

Dartmouth 

DoTer 

Dudley 

Duxbury 

East Bridgewater... 

Eas thampton 

East Longmeadow.. 

Eas ton.. 

Fairhaven 

Falmouth 

Foxboro 

Freetown 

Grafton 

Greenfield. 

Hingham 

Holbrook 

Holden 

HoUiston 

Hopedale 

Hull 

Ipswich 

Lakeville. 

Leicester 

Lincoln 

Littleton 

Longmeadow 

Ludlow 

Lynnfield 

Manchester... 

Mansfield 

Marblehead 

Marion 

Marshfield 

Mashpte 

Mattapoisett 

Maynard 

Medway 

Mendon 

Middleboro 

MiUord 

Millls 

Montague 

Newbury 

Newburyport 

North Adams 

North Andover — 
North Attleboro... 

Northboro 

Northbrldge 

North Brookfleld.- 

Norton 

Norwell 

Orange 

Palmer 

Pembroke 

Pepperell 

Plain ville 

Province town 

Reading 

Rehoboth 

Rockport 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



16 

25 

16 

28 

10 

32 

12 

11 

18 

26 

23 

21 

17 

24 

40 

20 
4 

15 

33 

47 

20 

14 

17 
5 

25 

21 
7 

12 

13 
9 

26 

25 

19 

13 

14 

40 
8 

38 

12 

13 

19 

14 
3 

29 

32 
9 

13 
4 

25 

34 

26 

30 

16 

14 
4 
13 
19 
8 
16 
17 
6 
8 
15 
38 
12 
12 



Male 



16 
21 
15 
27 
9 
32 
11 
9 
17 
24 
22 
21 
17 
24 
38 
20 
4 
14 
31 
46 
20 
13 
17 
5 

25 

20 

6 

12 

12 

9 

26 

24 

19 

13 

14 

40 

7 

38 

12 

13 

19 

13 

3 

29 

32 

9 

12 

3 

25 

33 

26 

29 

14 

13 

4 

13 

19 

8 

16 



Female 



16 


1 


6 


1 


8 




14 


1 


37 


1 


11 


1 


12 





City by State 



MASSACHUSETTS— 
Con. 



Rowley 

Salisbury 

Scituate 

Seekonk 

Sharon 

Shirley 

Shrewsbury 

Somerset 

Southboro 

Scuthbrldge 

South Hadley... 

Southwick 

Spencer 

Sterling 

Stoneham 

Stoughton 

Stow 

Sudbury 

Sutton 

Swampscott 

Swansea 

Tops field 

Tyngsborough.. 

Upton 

Uxbridge 

Walpole 

Ware 

Wareiiam 

Warren.. 

Wayland 

Webster 

Westboro 

West Boylston. 

Weston 

Westport 

Westwood 

Wilbraham 

Williamstown... 

Wilmington 

Winchester 

Winthrop. 

Wrentham 

Yarmouth 



MICHIGAN 



Adrian.... 

Albion 

Algonac- 
AUegan... 

Alma 

Almont... 
Alpena. . . 
Bad Axe.. 



Bath 

Battle Creek Township 

Bedford Township 

Belding 

Bellevue 

Benton Harbor 

Benton Township 

Berkley 

Berrien Springs.. 

Bessemer 

Beverly Hills... 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



Male 



Female 



City by State 



MICHIGAN— 
Con. 

Big Rapids 

Blissfield — 

Bloorafield Hills 

Boyne City 

Bridgman 

Bronson 

Brooklyn 

Brown City 

Buchanan 

Burton Township 

Calumet 

Capac 

Caro 

Carson City 

Carsonville 

Caseville — 

Caspian 

Cass City 

Cassopolis 

Cedar Springs 

Cement City 

Center Line 

Charlevoix 

Charlotte 

Cheboygan 

Chelsea 

Chesaning 

Chikaming Township. 
Chocolay Township... 

Clare 

Clawson — 

Clay Township 

Clio 

Coldwater 

Coloma.. 

Coopers viUe 

Corunna 

Covert Township 

Crystal Falls 

Davison 

Davison Township — 

De Witt 

Dexter 

Dimondale 

Dowagiac 

Durand 

East Grand Rapids... 

East Tawas 

Eau Claire 

Elk Rapids 

Escanaba 

Evart 

Fairgrove. 

Farmington 

Farwell. 

Fenton 

Ferrysburg 

Flat Rock 

Forsyth Township 

Frankfort 

Fraser 

Fremont. 

Fruitport 

Gaines 

Galesburg... 

Gibraltar 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



Male 



18 




7 


1 


2 




5 




1 




1 




12 


1 


3 




3 




3 


1 


6 




2 




1 




1 




2 




3 




4 


1 


2 




1 




21 




6 




15 




10 


2 


5 




3 


1 


4 




1 




6 


2 


21 


2 


9 


1 


3 




18 




5 




2 


1 


3 




3 




4 




5 


1 


4 


1 


1 




6 




1 




17 


2 


6 


4 


19 


1 


3 




1 




2 




23 


2 


2 




1 




23 


3 


1 




13 


2 


1 




15 


1 


4 


1 


4 


1 


24 


3 


7 





2 
1 
1 

11 



See footnote at end of table. 



180 



Table 63— Number 


ofFull-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1971, Cities with Population under 25,000 — Continued 


City by State 


Total police 
employees 


City by State 


Total poUco 
employees 


City by State 


Total poUce 
employees 




Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


MICHIGAN— Con. 
Gladstone 


7 
3 

14 
24 
11 
14 
1 
14 
14 
19 
34 
21 
64 
3 
4 
42 
3 
2 
3 
14 
17 
12 
2 
8 
9 

2 
1 

17 

* 
3 

13 
6 

15 

16 
6 

19 
3 
4 

16 
20 
1 
1 
8 
3 
14 

4 
2 
1 
2 

4 
17 
2 

5 

2 
2 

18 
6 
3 
6 
1 

34 

1 


7 
2 

13 

22 
10 
14 

1 

10 
13 
18 
31 
21 
48 

3 

4 
36 

3 

3 

14 
12 
6 
2 

7 
3 

2 
1 

16 
4 
3 

11 
6 

14 

16 
6 

18 
3 
4 

15 

19 
1 
1 
6 
3 

13 
7 
4 
2 
1 
2 
4 

16 
2 
2 
5 
2 
2 

18 
6 
3 
6 
1 

29 
1 


1 

1 
2 
1 

4 
1 
1 
3 

6 

6 

6 
6 

1 
2 

1 

2 
1 

1 

1 
1 

3 

1 

1 

1 

6 


MICHIGAN— Con. 

Marshall 


13 

11 

2 

1 

24 

17 

4 

1 

3 

13 

2 

44 

4 

2 

1 

41 

18 

21 

7 

40 

2 

2 

5 

5 

4 

11 

29 

12 

4 

16 

3 

16 

4 

24 

2 

2 

7 

8 
4 
6 

30 
3 
3 
7 
1 
2 
5 
9 

22 

11 
1 
4 
3 
7 
1 
3 
5 

62 

24 

14 
6 
6 
6 

10 
S 

17 


13 

10 
2 
1 

23 

17 
4 
1 
2 
9 
2 

41 
4 
1 
1 

37 
7 

20 
6 

37 
2 
2 
6 
5 
4 
9 

26 

10 
4 

15 
2 

15 
4 

16 
2 
1 
7 

7 

4 

9 

28 

3 

3 

7 

1 

2 

5 

9 

19 

7 

1 

4 

3 

6 

1 

3 

6 

48 

23 

14 

4 

5 

5 

9 

5 

14 


1 
1 

1 
4 

3 

1 

4 
11 
1 
1 
3 

2 
3 

2 

1 

1 
1 

8 

1 

1 
2 

3 

4 

1 

4 

1 


2 

1 

1 

3 


MICHIGAN— Con. 

Saint Johns 


10 

26 
7 

13 
3 
2 
4 

32 
3 
3 
1 
1 
4 
4 
1 
8 

12 
4 
3 

16 
8 
7 
1 

12 
2 

17 

30 
1 
4 

13 
4 
5 
5 
6 

16 
3 

42 
1 
3 

11 
2 
5 
8 

16 
6 

36 
16 
20 

6 

6 
22 

9 
18 

9 
10 

1 

18 
16 
16 

4 
11 
10 
28 


7 
24 
7 
12 
3 
2 
2 

30 
3 
3 

1 
1 
3 
4 
1 
8 

12 
4 
3 

16 
8 
6 
1 

12 
2 

14 

28 
1 
4 
9 
4 
4 
6 
6 

14 
2 

39 
1 
3 

11 
2 
5 
8 

16 
6 

28 
14 
18 

6 

5 
21 

9 
17 

6 
10 

1 
18 
10 
16 

4 
10 

9 
26 


3 


Gladwin 






Grand Blanc 








Township.. 






1 


Grand Haven.. 






Grand Ledge 


Mennminfip, 


Sanford 












Grass Lake 


Michiana 


Sault Sainte Marie 

Scottville 




Greenville 


MiddlovUle 




Grosse He 


MiUord 






Grosse Pointe.. 


MilUngton 


Shepherd 




Grosse Pointe Park 


Momoe 


Sheridan 




Grosse Pointe Shores. . . 




Sherwood Township 




Grosse Pointe Woods . . . 


Montrose 












Harbor Springs 


Mount Clemens 

Mount Morris 


Sparta 




Harper Woods 


Springfield 






Mount Pleasant 












Hartford 


Muskegon Heights 


Sturgis 






Summit Township 




Hillsdale . 


Newaygo 


I 


Holly 


New Baltimore 


Tawas City 














New Buffalo 














Hudson Mills Metro 


Niles . - 


Traverse City 


2 


Park - . 


Niles Township 


Twining 






North Muskegon 

Northville . 


Union City... 




Huntington Woods 


Utica 


4 


Imlay City 


North ville Township. . . 
















Vienna Township 

Wakefield 






Novi 




Ironwood . .... 


Olivet 


Walker - 


1 


Ishpeming 


Onaway 


Watervliet 


1 








3 




Oscoda-Ausable Town- 
ship 


Webberville 




Kalkaska . 


White Cloud 




Keego Harbor 


Otisville . 


Whitehall. 




Otsego 

Owosso 


Wliite Pigeon 




Park 


Williamston. 




Kentwood 


Parchment 


Wixom.. . . . 












T.ftkp. Tifndfin 


Petersburg 


Zeeland 




Lake Orion . 


Pigeon 

Pinckney 

Plainwell 

Pleasant Ridge 


MINNESOTA 




L' Anse 

Lapeer ... 




Latiirup Village .. . 






Plymouth.. 

Poutiac Township 

Port Austin 


8 


Lawton 


Alexandria ... 


1 


Leonard 


Anoka 


2 


Litchfield 








Lowell 


Potterville 

Quincy 


Aurora - - 




Ludington 


Blaine 


1 








Mackinac Island 


Richfield Township 

Richmond 


Burnsvillo, . . 


1 


Mackinaw City 


Cambridge 








Chisholm 








Clara City 




Manistee 


Rochester 


Columbia Heights 








6 








1 




Rogers City 


Crosby . _ 










I 


Marquette 


Roosevelt Park 


Eagan 


1 


Marquette Township. . . 


Roval Oak Township. . 


Faribault 


2 



See footnote at end of table. 



181 



Table 63.— Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1971, Cities with Population under 25,000— Continued 



City by State 



MINNESOTA— Con. 



Fannington 

Forest Lake 

Golden Valley 

Hastings 

Hopkins 

Hutchinson.-- 

Jackson 

La Crescent 

Lake City,-- 

Little Falls -- 

Luverne 

Maple Grove -. 

Marshall 

Mendota Heights... 

Morris - 

Mound 

Mounds View - 

New Hope 

New Prague 

North Mankato 

Oakdale 

Orono 

Ortonville. - 

Owatonna — 

Pipestone 

Princeton — 

Red Wing 

Robbinsdale 

Saint Anthony 

Saint James 

Sauk Centre 

Sauk Rapids 

Silver Bay 

Sleepy Eye 

Springfield 

Spring Lake Park-, 

Spring Valley 

Staples 

Thief River FaUs- 

Two Harbors 

Virginia 

Wabasha 

WaitePark 

Wayzata 

Wells - 

White Bear Lake.. 

WiUmar 

Woodbury 

Worthington 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



MISSISSIPPI 



Batesville 

Belzoni 

Boonevllle-.- 
Brookhaven. 

Canton 

Cleveland 

Clinton 

Columbia 

Corinth 

Drew 

Durant 

EUisville 

Fayette 

Forest 



2 

21 

13 

4 

21 

17 

10 

6 

4 

6 

5 

6 

3 

7 

4 

6 

18 

10 

24 

11 

2 

6 

4 

23 

20 

6 

16 



Male 



Female 



6 





4 




22 


1 


19 


1 


6 




16 




7 




11 


1 


9 


1 


21 




19 




28 




11 


1 


13 


2 


23 




6 


1 


6 




6 




6 


1 


9 





City by State 



MISSISSIPPI— Con. 



Fulton 

Gloster.- 

Greenwood 

Grenada 

Hernando 

Tndlanola 

Kosciusko 

Laurel- 

Leland 

Long Beach - . . 

Louisville 

Macon 

Marks 

McComb - 

Morton --. 

Natchez - 

New Albany. - 

Newton 

Ocean Springs. 

Oxford 

Philadelphia... 

Poplarville 

Port Gibson... 

Ruleville 

Sandersville..- 

Senatobia - 

Tupelo 

Tylertown 

Utica.-.- 

Water Valley.. 

Waynesboro 

Yazoo City 



MISSOURI 



Ballwln - 

Bellefontalne Neighbors 

Belton --. 

Berkeley 

Blue Springs -.. 

Boonville 

Brentwood - - 

Bridgeton 

Butler 

Cameron 

CarroUton 

Carthage 

Centralia-- 

Charlack 

Claycomo — 

Clayton 

Clinton 

Crestwood 

D ellwood - - - 

De Soto.- - -. 

Eldorado Springs 

Excelsior Springs 

Farmlngton 

Fenton - 

Flat River 

Fulton 

Gladstone - 

Glendale --- 

Grandview 

Hanley Hills 

Haimlbal 

HarrisonvlUe 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



Male 



Female 



14 


4 


39 


4 


5 




6 




18 




7 


1 


9 


2 


4 




63 


2 


11 


2 


26 


1 


12 


1 


10 


1 


6 




14 


3 


8 


1 


9 


1 


9 




20 


2 


38 


3 


12 


1 


29 


2 


6 


1 


23 


4 


7 





City by State 



MISSOURI- Con. 



Hazelwood 

Higginsville - 

Jackson 

Jennings -. 

Ladue 

Lamar .- 

Lees Summit - 

Liberty 

Manchester -, 

Maplewood- 

Marceline - 

Marshall... 

Mexico _.. 

Monett 

Neosho.. 

Normandy 

North Kansas City. 

Northwoods 

Odessa 

Olivette 

Overland 

Parkville 

Pine Lawn 

Poplar Bluff 

Potosl 

Richmond 

Richmond Heights. 

Riverside 

Riverview 

RockHUl.- 

RoUa 

Saint Ann 

Saint George 

Saint John Village. - 

Sedalla- 

Stkeston.- 

Slater - 

Sugar Creek- 

Valley Park 

Vinlta Park 

Warrensburg 

Warson Woods 

Washington — 

Webb City- -.. 

Wells ton 

Wentzvllle 

West Plains 

Woodson Terrace.-. 



MONTANA 



Baker 

Bozeman 

Butte 

Choteau 

Columbia FaUs. 

Conrad 

Cut Bank 

Dillon 

Glasgow 

Glendlve 

Helena 

Kalispell 

Laurel 

Lewlstown 

Llbby 

Livingston 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



Male 



32 


30 


7 


7 


12 


11 


47 


43 


28 


28 


5 


6 


27 


24 


21 


20 


12 


12 


29 


28 


6 


5 


16 


14 


23 


20 


14 


14 


14 


14 


8 


7 


25 


23 


11 


11 


6 


5 


19 


19 


46 


41 


3 


3 


16 


16 


34 


33 


6 


6 


9 


8 


29 


29 


10 


9 


6 


4 


13 


12 


23 


20 


34 


31 


2 


2 


14 


13 


39 


39 


28 


27 


4 


4 


6 


6 


6 


6 


7 


6 


14 


13 


7 


7 


14 


11 


12 


12 


30 


29 


14 


14 


13 


12 


9 


9 



4 




21 


6 


40 


3 


4 




7 


6 


6 




9 


3 


9 


3 


9 


3 


12 


1 


28 


8 


18 


6 


9 




12 


4 


9 


1 


11 


6 



See footnote at end of table. 



182 



Table 63. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1971, Cities with Population under 25,000 — Continued 



City by State 



MONTANA— Con. 

Miles City 

Plentywood _ 

Roundup _, 

Shelby 

Sidney 

Woir Point 



NEBRASKA 



Alliance 

Atkinson 

Aurora 

Beatrice _ 

Blomfleld 

Bridgeport 

Broken Bow 

Burwell 

Central City 

Chadron 

Crawlord 

Crete 

Dakota City 

Elkhorn 

Falrbury 

Fremont 

Friend 

Gering 

Harvard 

Hastings .__ 

La Vista 

Lexington 

Loup City.- - 

Madison 

McCook 

Milford 

Mitchell 

Nebraska City 

Norfolk 

North Platte 

Oshkosh 

Oxford 

Petersburg _ 

Plattsmouth 

Ralston. 

Saint Edward 

Schuyler 

Scottsbluff 

Shelton 

Sidney 

South Sioux City. 

Spencer 

Tekamah... 

Tilden.. 

Wahoo 

Wausa 

Wayne 

Weeping Water 



NEVADA 



Boulder City. 
Carson City. . 

Elko 

Fallon 

Henderson 

Sparks 

Winnemucca. , 



Total police 
employees 


Total 


Male 


Female 


15 


15 




3 


3 




4 


4 




6 


6 




11 


9 


2 


6 


6 




14 


14 




6 


4 


1 


4 


4 




26 


22 


4 


2 


2 




4 


4 




9 


6 


3 


6 


4 


1 


6 


6 




16 


12 


3 


2 


2 




10 


6 


4 


2 


2 




2 


2 




8 


8 




32 


29 


3 


2 


2 




13 


8 


5 


1 


1 




37 


36 


1 


6 


6 




13 


9 


4 


2 


2 




2 


2 




20 


16 


5 


4 


4 




8 


6 


2 


9 


8 


1 


28 


26 


3 


34 


32 


2 


2 


2 




2 


2 




1 


1 




14 


9 


6 


5 


5 




2 


2 




10 


10 




29 


27 


2 


2 


1 


1 


16 


15 


1 


14 


13 


1 


3 


3 




3 


3 




1 


1 




7 


7 




2 


2 




10 


10 




1 


1 




12 


10 


2 


36 


30 


6 


20 


17 


3 


12 


11 


1 


34 


29 


5 


59 


44 


16 


12 


10 


2 



City by State 



NEW HAMPSHIRE 



Amherst 

BerUn. 

Claremont 

Conway 

Derry 

Dover 

Durham 

Exeter 

Gilford 

Goffstown 

Hampton 

Hinsdale 

HoUis 

Hooksett 

Keene 

Kingston 

Laconia 

Lancaster 

Lebanon 

Littleton 

Londonderry. 

Meredith 

Newport 

Pelham 

Peterborough. 

Raymond 

Rochester 

Salem 

Somersworth.. 
Windham 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



NEW JERSEY 



Absecon 

Allendale 

Ailenhurst 

Allentown 

Alpha 

Alpine 

Asbury Park 

Atlantic Highlands 

Audubon 

Audubon Park 

Avalon 

A von-by-the-S ea 

Barrington 

Bay Head 

Beach Haven. 

Beachwood 

Bedminster Township. 

Bellmawr. 

Belmar 

Belvidere 

Berkeley Heights. 

Berkeley Township 

Berlin. 

Bernards Township 

Bernardsville 

Beverly 

Bloomingdale 

Bogota 

Boonton 

Boonton Township 

Bordentown 

Bound Brook 

Bradley Beach 

Bridgeton 



14 

17 
10 

2 

2 

8 
69 
12 
20 

3 
21 

9 
14 

6 
11 

9 

5 
17 
21 

3 
27 
21 

7 
17 
18 

8 

9 
18 
20 

5 
10 
21 
16 
49 I 



Male 



Female 



City by State 



NEW JERSEY— Con. 



Brlelle 

Brigantlne 

Brooklawn.. 

Burlington 

Burlington Township... 

Butler 

Byram Township 

Caldwell.... 

CaUlon 

Cape May 

Carlstadt 

Carteret , 

Cedar Grove Township. 

Chatham 

Chatham Township 

Cliester 

Chester Township 

Citmaminson Township 

Clark 

Clayton 

Clementon 

Cliflside Park.... 

Clinton 

Clinton Township 

Closter 

Collingswood 

Cranbury Township 

CresskiU 

Deal... 

Delanco Township 

Delran Township 

Demarest 

Denville Township 

Deptford Township 

Dover 

Dumont 

Dunellen 

East Greenwich 

Township 

East Hanover 

Township _ 

East Newark. 

East Paterson 

East Rutherford. 

East Windsor 

Township 

Eatontown.. 

Edgewater 

Edgewater Park 

Township 

Egg Harbor City 

Egg Harbor Township.. 

Emerson 

Englewood 

Englewood Cliffs 

Essex Fells 

Evesham Township 

Fairfield 

Fair Haven 

Falrview 

Fanwood 

Far Hills 

Flemington 

Florence Township 

FlorhamPark 

Franklin.. 

Franklin Lakes 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



Male Female 



13 
16 

3 
33 
18 
11 

4 
23 

1 
18 
23 
42 
22 
19 
19 

3 

6 
21 
39 

8 

6 
31 

2 

3 
16 
27 

6 
16 
14 

4 
12 
12 
26 
21 
29 
34 
16 



18 


17 


10 


10 


44 


43 


26 


26 


30 


28 


26 


24 


20 


20 


10 


10 


6 


6 


6 


6 


16 


16 


104 


96 


26 


26 


12 


11 


22 


20 


21 


20 


9 


8 


26 


26 


17 


17 


1 


1 


4 


2 


14 


14 


23 


23 


5 


5 


16 


14 



See footnote at end of table. 



183 



Table 63. Number of Full-Time Police Deparfment Employees, December 31, 1971, Cities with Population under 25,000 — Continued 



City by State 



NEW JERSEY— Con. 

Franklin Township 

Freehold 

Frenchtown -- 

Galloway Township — 

Garwood - 

Glassboro 

Glen Ridge 

Glen Rock - 

Gloucester City 

Green Brook 

Greenwich Township... 

Guttenborg — - 

Hackettstown — 

Haddonfield 

Haddon Heights 

Haddon Township 

Haledon 

Hamilton Township.... 

Hammonton - 

Hanover Township 

Hardtag Township 

Hardyston Township... 

Harrington Park 

Harrison 

Harvey Cedars.. - 

Hasbrouck Heights 

Haworth 

Hawthorne 

Hazlet Township 

Helmetta 

High Bridge Boro 

Highland Park 

Highlands 

Hlghtstown — 

Hillsborough Township. 

HUbdale 

Hillside Township 

Ho-Ho-Kus 

Holland Township 

Holmdel Township 

Hopatcong ■ 

Hopewell 

Hopewell Township 

Howell Township 

Interlaken - 

Island Heights 

Jackson Township 

Jamesburg 

Jeflerson Township 

Keansburg -. 

Kenllworth. 

Keyport 

Kinnelon 

Lacey Township 

Lakehurst 

Lambertville 

Laurel Springs 

Lavallette 

Lawnslde. 

Lawrence Township 
(Cumberland 

County) - 

Lawrence Township 

(Mercer County) 

Lebanon Township — 

Leonla - -. 

Lincoln Park. 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



Male Female 



62 

3 

27 

11 

25 

28 

2 

2 

32 

16 

16 

18 

23 

69 

11 

2 

7 

14 

1 

1 

4 

4 

1 

30 

7 

22 

16 

22 

21 

10 

14 

4 

6 

2 



62 
3 

27 

11 

24 

28 

2 

2 

31 

16 

14 

18 

22 

67 

11 

2 

7 

13 

1 

1 

3 

4 

1 

26 

7 

22 

16 

22 

19 

10 

13 

4 

4 

2 



City by State 



Total poUce 
employees 



Total 



NEW JERSEY— Con. 



Llndenwold 

Llnwood - 

Little Egg Harbor 

Township... 

Little Falls Township . 

Little Ferry 

Little Silver 

Logan Township 

Long Beach Township 

Longport 

Lopatcong Township... 

Lower Township 

Lumberton Township 
Lyndhurst Township. 

Madison.. 

Magnolia 

Mahwah Township. . . 
Manalapan Township . . 

Manasquan... 

Manchester Township. . 

Mantoloklng 

Mantua Township 

Manvllle 

Maple Shade Township. 
Maplewood Township . . 

Margate City 

Marlboro Township 

Matawan 

Matawan Township 

Maywood 

Medford Lakes 

Medford Township 

Mendham 

Mendham Township.... 

Merchantville 

Metuchen — 

Middlesex 

Middle Township. 

Midland Park 

Mllford .- 

MtUburn Township 

Mill town 

MillvlUe. 

Mine Hill Township 

Monmouth Beach 

Monroe 

Monroe Township 

Montvale 

MontviUe Township 

Moonachie 

Moorestown Township. . 

Morris Plains 

Morrlstown 

Morris Township 

Mountain Lakes 

Mountainside 

Mount Arlington 

Mount Ephratm 

Mount Holly 

Mount Laurel Town- 
ship... 

Mount Olive Township 

MulUca Township 

Neptune 

Netcong 

New Mllford 

New Providence 



Male 



19 
16 

7 
21 
17 
14 

1 
26 
10 

3 
20 

5 
43 
30 

6 

33 
11 
16 
19 

7 
12 
20 
20 
69 
25 
21 
20 
35 
26 

7 

16 

10 
7 

12 

34 

27 

17 

11 
2 

58 

6 

42 

6 

5 

14 

20 

16 

24 

6 

32 

17 

45 

40 

10 

20 

6 

9 

27 

26 
16 

3 
14 

4 
35 
24 



Female 



21 
17 
14 
1 
24 
10 
3 
18 
5 
42 
29 
5 
33 
11 
16 
18 
6 
10 
19 
19 
67 
25 
19 
20 
30 
26 

7 
16 

9 

7 
12 
33 
27 
16 
11 

1 
56 

6 
40 

6 

5 
13 
17 
16 
23 

6 
29 
16 
43 
37 
10 
20 

5 

7 
26 

21 
15 

3 
14 

4 
32 
24 



City by State 



NEW JERSEY— Con. 



New Shrewsbury 

Newton 

North Arlington 

North Brunswick 

Township 

North CaldweU 

Northfleld 

North Haledon 

North Hanover 

Township 

North Plainfleld 

Northvale 

North WUdwood 

Norwood. 

Oakland 

Oaklyn 

Ocean City 

Ocean Gate 

Ocean Grove 

Ocean Township 
(Monmouth 

County) — 

Ocean Township 

(Ocean County) 

Oceanport... 

Ogdensburg 

OldTappan 

Oradell 

Oxford Township 

Pahsades Interstate 

Park 

PaUsades Park 

Palmyra 

Park Ridge.. 

Passaic Township 

Paulsboro 

Peapack and Gladstone 

Pemberton 

Pennington 

Penns Grove 

Pennsville Township. . 
Pequannock Township 

PhlUipsburg 

Pine Beach.. 

PlneHlU 

Pitman 

Pleasantville 

Plumsted Township... 

Pohatcong... 

Point Pleasant 

Point Pleasant Beach.. 

Pompton Lakes 

Princeton 

Princeton Township... 

Prospect Park 

Ramsey 

Randolph Township... 

Raritan.. 

Raritan Township 

Readlngton Township. 

Red Bank 

Rldgefleld 

Rldgefleld Park 

Ringwood... 

Riverdale 

River Edge 

Riverside.. 



Total poUce 
employees 



Total 



Male 



34 

6 
12 

3 

7 
20 

1 

31 

26 

13 

16 

19 

16 
4 
1 
1 

10 

24 

23 

29 
3 
9 

18 

35 
1 
6 
26 
19 
24 

31 

30 

6 

23 

23 

12 

7 

4 

42 

28 

23 

16 

9 

22 

11 



34 



Female 



11 


1 


3 




a 


1 


19 


1 


1 




31 




26 




13 




16 




18 


1 


14 


1 


4 




1 




1 




10 




23 


1 


20 


3 


26 


3 


3 




9 




18 




33 


2 


1 




6 




25 


1 


18 


1 


20 


4 


29 


2 


28 


2 


6 




23 




21 


2 


12 




7 




4 




41 


1 


27 


1 


23 




16 


1 


9 




22 




11 





See footnote at end of table. 



184 



Table 63.— Number of Full-Time Police Departmenf Employees, December 31, 1971, Cities with Population under 25,000— Continued 



City by State 




Total police 
employees 


City by State 


Total police 
employees 


City by State 


Total poUco 
employees 




Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


NEW JERSEY— Con. 
Riverton 


4 
17 

18 
10 
29 
17 
47 
29 
18 
14 
16 
46 

27 

9 

42 

7 

12 

13 

14 

13 

38 

8 

11 

7 

22 

32 

23 

7 

9 

28 
15 
49 
47 
33 

6 
22 
16 
37 
14 
12 

9 

5 
16 
10 
46 

7 

3 

6 
33 

4 

1 
19 

4 
12 
15 
16 
32 
28 
17 
16 
20 
36 
11 
11 


4 
17 

18 
10 
28 
17 
46 
29 
18 
14 
14 
44 

27 

9 

40 

7 

12 

13 

14 

13 

38 

8 

11 

7 

21 

31 

22 

7 

9 

26 
15 
48 
46 
32 

6 
21 
15 
36 
14 
12 

8 

6 
13 
10 

45 

7 

3 

5 
32 

4 

1 
19 

4 
11 
15 
14 
30 
27 
14 
16 
20 
34 
11 

8 


1 
1 

2 
2 

2 

1 
1 
1 

2 

1 
1 
1 

1 

1 

1 
3 
1 

1 

1 

2 
2 
I 
3 

2 
3 


NEW JERSEY— Con. 

Washington Township 
(Bergen County) 

Washington Township 
(Gloucester County).. 

Washington Township 
(Morris County) 


19 

19 

12 
20 
43 

3 
31 

1 

21 
13 
31 

18 
7 
2 

16 
26 
10 
40 
16 
18 
13 

2 
29 
14 

4 
21 

4 

2 

4 
20 

47 
16 

6 

5 
34 

6 
14 

6 
61 
61 
18 
36 
33 

6 
19 
18 
22 
21 

6 
21 

5 
14 

5 

2 

9 
40 


19 

18 

11 
19 
41 

3 
30 

1 

21 
13 

30 
18 

7 

9 

16 
25 
10 
40 
14 
17 
11 

2 
28 
14 

4 
21 

4 

2 

4 
20 


1 

1 

1 
2 

1 
1 

1 

2 
1 
2 

1 


NEW YORK— Con. 


15 

32 

25 
6 

17 
3 
4 

21 
6 
2 

10 
141 

21 
6 

14 
6 
5 
3 
4 
1 
3 

37 
4 
3 

26 
4 

41 
2 

16 

11 
1 

30 

22 
3 
1 

35 
20 
60 

9 
14 
44 
19 



6 

6 
40 

5 

2 
16 
30 
37 
33 

5 
11 

5 

4 
19 

4 
75 
23 
14 
20 

2 

3 


14 

32 

25 

6 

17 

3 

4 

19 

6 

2 

9 

140 

21 

6 

14 

5 

5 

3 

4 

1 

3 

36 

4 

3 

26 

4 

38 

2 

16 

9 

1 

29 

22 

3 

1 

35 

20 

60 

6 

9 
14 
42 
17 

9 

6 

6 
40 

5 

2 
16 
30 
36 
33 

5 
U 

5 

4 
19 

4 
73 
23 
14 
19 

2 

3 


1 


River Vals 




Rochelle Park Town- 


Bethlehem . . . 




ship _._ 


BlfuiflplI 






Briarcliff Manor 

Camden _ _ 




Rockaway Township... 




Roseland 






Roselle 


Weehawken Township.. 
Wenonah 




2 


Hoselle Park 




Roxbury Township 


West Caldwell 


Canisteo 




Rumson 


West Cape May 




1 




West Deptford Town- 
ship 


Capitol Building Police 


Rutherford 




Saddle Brook Town- 


Wpst Long Branch 

West Milford Township . 
West Paterson 


Carthage 




ship 






Saddle River 


Cayuga Heights 


I 


Scotch Plains 


Westville . . 




Sea Bright 


West Wildwood 


Chester 




Sea Girt... 


West Wiadsor 




Sea Isle City 


Clyde.. 

Cobleskill 




Seaside Heights 






Seaside Park 


Wharton 


1 


Secaucus 


Wildwood 




Ship Bottom 


Wildwood Crest.. 

Wiufield Township 

Winslow Township 


Corinth 




Shrewsbury 




Somerdale 






Soruers Point 


Cortland-. - 


3 


Somerville 




South Amboy 




Croton-on-Hudson 




South Belmar 






South Bound Brook 


Wood- Ridge 


Delhi 




South Brunswick 


Woodstown 

Woolwich 


Depew 


1 


Township 






South Hackensack 


Wrightstown 


Dolgeville 




South Orange 


Wyckoff 

NEW MEXICO 






South Plainfleld.. 






South River 






South Toms Elver 


Eastchester 




Sparta Township 




1 


Spotswood 


Artesia 


12 

6 

4 

28 

6 

14 

6 

48 

47 

13 

32 

29 

4 

17 

15 

20 

20 

6 
21 
4 
14 
5 
2 
8 
37 


4 

1 
6 

13 

4 
5 
3 

4 
2 
2 
3 

1 

1 

1 
3 






Springfield 


Aztec 






Sprhig Lake 


Bernalilio 






Spring Lake Heights . . . 


Carlsbad 


Endlcott 


2 


Stafford Township 


C lay ton 


Evans 


2 


Stanhope 








Stone Harbor 


Eunice.. 

Farmington 

Gallup... 






Stratford 






Summit 


Floral Park 




Surf City 






Sussex 




Fort Plain 




Swedesboro. 








Tenafly 


Milan . 






Teterboro 


Portales.. . 


Glens Falls 


1 


Tewksbury Township.. 


Raton 


Gloversville .... 




Totowa 


Silver City 






Tucker ton 








Union Beach... 


NEW YORK 
Alfred 






Upper Penns Neck 


Greenport . 




Upper Saddle River 






Ventnor City 






Verona. 








Voorhees Township 




Harrison... 

Hastlngs-on-Hudson 

Haverstraw 


2 


Waldwick 


Ardsley 




Wallington 


Asharoken 




Wall Township 


1 


Wanaque 




Highland. 

Hoosick Falls 




Washington.. 


Batavia 





See footnote at end of table. 



185 



Table 63.-Number ofFull-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1971, Cities with Populatior, under 25,000— Continued 



City by State 



NEW YORK— Con. 



HorneU 

Horseheads - - 

Hudson 

Hudson Falls 

lUon — - 

Johnson City... 

Johnstown -- 

Kenmore 

Lake Placid 

Lakewood -- 

Lancaster Town 

Lancaster Village^ . . . 

Larchmont -- 

Le Roy - 

Liberty 

Little Falls 

Liverpool 

Lynbrook... 

Lyons 

Malone 

Malverne.- 

Mamaroneck Town.. 
Mamaroneck Village. 

Massena 

Mechanlcville 

Medina 

Middletown 

Mohawk 

Mount Klsco.- 

Mount Pleasant 

New Castle 

New Paltz 

New York Mills 

North Pelham 

Northport 

North Syracuse 

North Tarrytown..-. 

Norwich 

Nunda 

Nyack 

Ogdensburg 

Olean - 

Oneonta 

Orchard Park 

Ossining 

Oswego 

Owego 

Painted Post 

Palisades Interstate 

Park - 

Palmyra--- -- 

Pelham 

Pelham Manor 

Penn Yan 

Plattsburgh - 

PleasantviUe 

Potsdam - 

Queensbury - 

Rensselaer..- 

RiverheadTown... 

Rye - ---- 

Saint Johnsville 

Salamanca 

Sands Point 

Saranac Lake 

Saratoga Springs 

Scarsdale 



Total poUce 
employees 



Total 



23 
14 
23 
14 
16 
34 
19 
33 
11 

9 
19 
16 
31 

8 
13 
15 

6 
46 

e 

18 
22 
37 
51 
27 
12 
10 
50 

5 
26 
38 
29 

7 

2 
19 
20 
11 
27 
16 

2 
20 
26 
42 
28 
20 
47 
45 
16 

3 

76 
6 
16 
29 
11 
45 
18 
20 
7 

25 
44 
47 
4 
16 
18 
12 
56 
63 



Male 



23 
13 
23 
13 
16 
34 
19 
32 
U 

9 
19 
16 
29 

8 
13 
15 

6 
46 

6 
18 
22 
36 
46 
27 
12 
10 
50 

5 

25 
37 
29 

7 

2 
19 
20 
10 
26 
16 

1 
20 
26 
39 
28 
20 
44 

43 

11 

3 

73 

5 
16 
28 
11 
44 
18 
18 

7 
25 
43 
46 

4 
16 
18 
12 
65 
61 



Female 



City by State 



NEW YORK— Con. 



Scotia 

Seneca Falls 

Skaneateles 

Sodus Point 

Solvay - 

Southampton 

South Glens Falls -.. 

South Nyack 

Spring Valley 

Springville - 

Stony Point 

Suffern - 

Tarrytown 

Ticonderoga 

Tonawanda- 

Tuckahoe 

Tupper Lake -.. 

Tuxedo 

Tuxedo Park 

Vanderbilt Mansion . 

Walden 

Walton 

Wappingers Falls — 

Warsaw. 

Warwick 

Waterloo 

Watervliet 

Watkins Glen 

Waverly — 

Wellsville 

Westfleld 

Whitehall 

Woodbury 



Total poUce 
employees 



Total 



NORTH CAROLINA 



Ahoskie. 

Albemarle... 

Asheboro 

Ay den 

Bessemer City — 
Black Mountain . . 

Blowing Rock 

Brevard 

Canton 

Cary .- 

Cherry ville. 

Clayton 

Chnton 

Concord 

Conover... 

Dumi 

Eden 

Edenton 

Elizabeth City... 

Elkin - 

Enfield 

Farmville 

Forest City 

Graham.- 

Granite Falls 

Hamlet 

Hendersonvillc . . 

Jacksonville 

Kernersviile 

Kings Mountain. 
Kinston. 



Male 



Female 



6 


2 


12 




7 




1 




6 


3 


14 


2 


26 


3 


34 


4 


11 




7 




5 




5 


2 


10 


2 


12 


2 


12 


1 


8 




8 




17 


2 


39 




4 




18 


3 


31 


2 


12 


1 


34 


4 


11 


2 


8 




10 


1 


14 




17 


2 


10 




14 




19 


4 


42 


2 


8 




16 


1 


59 


3 



City by State 



NORTH CAROLINA- 
Continued 



Laurinburg 

Lenoir 

Lexington - 

Lincolnton 

Lowell 

Lumberton 

Marion 

Monroe -- 

Mooresville 

Morganton -.- 

Mount Ahry 

Mount Holly 

Mount Olive- 

Newton-.- --- 

Red Springs 

Roanoke Rapids-. 

Roxboro. - 

SaUsbury 

Sanford 

Scotland Neck..-. 

Selma --. 

Shelby- 

SilerCity 

Smithfield 

Southern Pines... 

Spencer 

Spring Lake 

Statesville 

Tarboro 

Thomas ville 

Valdese - - - 

Wake Forest 

Wallace- -- 

Washington 

Willi amston 

Zebulon 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



NORTH DAKOTA 



Bottineau 

Devils Lake. 
Dickinson... 

Grafton 

Jamestown-. 

Mandan 

Valley City. . 
Wahpeton..-. 
West Fargo -- 
Williston 



OHIO 



Amberley 

Amherst 

ArUngton Heights. 

Ashland 

Ashtabula.. - 

Avon Lake. 

Barnesville 

Bay Village -. 

Beachwood. .- 

Bedford - 

Bedford Heights-.. 

Bellaire 

Bellefontainc 

Bellevue --- 



21 
35 

45 
17 

6 
37 
15 
26 
22 
32 
24 
12 
10 
20 

8 
31 
21 
49 
36 

6 
10 
37 
12 
21 
15 

3 

7 

66 
23 
34 

7 

6 
12 
21 
17 



23 



Male 



20 
34 
41 
17 

6 
34 
14 
26 
22 
31 
24 
12 
10 
19 

8 
26 
20 
46 
35 

6 
10 
35 
10 
21 
15 

3 

7 
51 
23 
32 

7 

6 
11 
20 
17 

5 



15 


16 


13 


8 


4 


4 


29 


24 


43 


40 


17 


17 


7 


7 


18 


18 


25 


23 


30 


27 


26 


26 


15 


15 


19 


18 


15 


13 



See footnote at end of table. 



186 



Table 63.— Number ofFull-Time Police Departmenf Employees, December 31, 1971, Cities with Population under 25,000— Continued 



City by State 



OHIO— Con. 



Belpre 

Berea ' 

Bexley 

Blanchester 

Blue Ash 

Bowling Green 

Brecksville .-. 

Broadview Heights, 

Bryan.. 

Bucyrus 

Cadiz 

Cambridge... 

Campbell. 

Canfleld.. 

CarroUton 

Centerville , 

Chagrin Falls 

Chardon.. 

Chester Township. . . 

Cheviot 

Clyde , 

Coal Grove.. 

Coldwater. 

Columbiana 

Conneaut... 

Copley 

Coshocton 

Crestline 

C rooks vi lie. 

D arbydale 

Deer Park 

Defiance 

Delaware 

Denjiison.. 

Dover 

Eastlake... 

East Liverpool 

East Palestine 

Eaton 

Elmwood Place 

Englewood 

Fairfax 

Fairfield 

Fairlawn 

Fairview Park 

Forest Park 

Fort Shawnee 

Fostoria 

Franklin... ., 

Fremont. 

Gahanna.. 

Gallon 

Gallipolis 

Germantown 

Glrard 

Glendale 

Grandview Heights.. 

Granville 

Greenfield 

Grecnhills 

Greenville 

Grove City 

Heath... 

Hicksville 

Highland Heights 

Hilliard.. 

Hillsboro 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



Male 



Female 



5 


1 


11 




18 


8 


13 


4 


10 




18 




20 


1 


3 




30 


1 


21 




8 


1 


6 




11 


4 


11 


3 


8 




9 


1 







9 




1 




4 




6 


3 


19 


2 


5 


2 


20 




10 




2 




1 




8 




22 


4 


21 


1 


6 




20 




21 


3 


34 




8 


2 


9 


1 


7 




10 


2 


9 




22 


4 


10 




28 


2 


10 




9 


3 


26 


1 


15 


2 


34 




19 




22 


4 


15 




7 


6 


18 


1 


6 




15 


1 


4 




7 




6 




16 


1 


20 




14 




4 


4 


11 


1 


12 




10 





City by State 



OHIO— Con. 



Hubbard... 

Hudson 

Huron 

Indian Hill.. 

Johnstown 

Kenton 

Lebanon 

Leetonia.. 

Lockland 

Logan.. 

Loudonville 

Louisville 

Loveland 

Lyndhiu"st 

Macedonia. 

Madeira 

Mariemont 

Marietta... 

Martins Ferry 

Marysville 

Mason 

Maumee 

Mayfield 

Medina 

Mentor-on-the-Lake.- 

Miamisburg 

Middleburg Heights. 

Middleport. 

Mingo Junction 

Mogadore 

Montgomery 

Moraine 

Mount Gilead 

Mount Healthy 

Mount Vernon 

Napoleon 

Navarre 

New Boston 

Newburgh Heights.. 

New Carlisle 

Newcomerstown 

New Philadelphia... 

Newton Falls 

Niles 

North Baltimore 

North Canton 

North Ridgeville 

North Royalton 

Oakwood 

Oakwood Village 

Oberlin 

Ontario 

Orrville 

Ottawa Hills 

Oxford 

Painesville 

Pepper Pike 

Pen-ysburg 

Piqua.. 

Port Clinton 

Ravenna 

Reynoldsburg 

Richmond Heights. . 

Rittman 

Riverside 

Rocky River... 

Rossford 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



11 
12 
16 
18 
3 
10 
18 
3 

14 

16 
6 
9 
7 

24 
8 

11 
8 

32 

20 
8 
8 

24 
9 

21 
8 

24 

20 
6 

11 
6 
6 

23 
4 
6 

29 

16 
1 

14 
7 
6 
9 

21 
9 

29 
4 

21 

17 

21 

37 
6 

16 

11 

13 

12 

16 

27 

11 

14 

29 

14 

15 

18 

18 

10 
3 

31 



Male 



Female 



18 




3 




10 




15 


3 


2 


1 


14 




13 


2 


5 




8 


1 


7 




23 


1 


7 


1 


10 


1 


8 




30 


2 


20 




8 




7 


1 


21 


3 


7 


2 


16 


5 


5 


3 


20 


4 


18 


2 


6 


1 


11 




6 




6 




20 


3 


4 




5 




25 


4 


15 


1 


14 




6 


1 


6 




9 




21 




9 




29 




3 


1 


16 


6 


13 


4 


19 


2 


33 


4 


6 




15 


1 


11 




9 


4 


11 


1 


14 


2 


21 


6 


11 




11 




28 




12 




14 




17 




17 




6 




2 




29 


2 


8 





City by State 



OHIO— Con. 



Saint Bernard 

Salem 

Sebring 

Sharon viUe 

Sheffield Lake 

Shelby.. 

Sidney 

Silver Lake. 

Silverton 

Solon 

South Charleston 

South Russell... 

Springfield Towr^hip.. 

Springboro 

Streetsboro 

StrongsviUe 

Struthers.. 

Tallmadge 

Terrace Park. 

Tiffin. 

Toronto 

Trenton 

Trotwood... 

Troy 

Twinsburg 

Uhrichsville 

Urbana 

Vandalia 

Van Wert.. 

Vermilion 

Village of Springdale... 

Wadsworth 

Walton Hills 

Wapakoneta 

Washington Court 

House 

WaterviUe.. 

Wauseon,. 

Waverly 

Wellington. 

Wellsville. 

West Carrollton.. 

Westerville.. 

Westlake. 

Wicklifle... 

Willoughby 

WiUoughby Hills 

Wilmington 

Windham 

Woodlawn 

Wooster. 

Worthington 

Wyoming.. 

Yellow Springs 



OKLAHOMA 



Ada 

Alva 

Anadarko.. 
Ardmore i. 
Bethany... 

Bixby 

BlackweU., 
Checotah.. 
Cherokee.. 
Chickasha. 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



17 
21 

8 
18 

7 
16 
25 

6 
11 
29 

4 

7 
16 

3 
11 
21 
20 
22 

4 
33 

8 
10 
13 
29 
17 

7 
22 
21 
17 
20 
16 
23 

6 
11 

17 
4 
6 
11 
10 
10 
18 
20 
29 
27 
34 
11 
20 
8 
11 
37 
26 
15 



Male 



17 




20 


1 


5 


3 


17 


1 


7 




16 





23 
5 
10 
27 
4 
6 
16 
3 
8 
17 
20 
14 
4 
32 
8 
10 
12 
28 
14 
6 
20 
17 
16 
16 
15 
16 
6 
11 

17 
4 
6 
10 
10 
9 

14 
18 
27 
25 
31 
7 
18 
4 
11 
32 
22 
14 
7 



27 


27 


11 


8 


17 


16 


39 




23 


21 


7 


7 


20 


18 


6 


6 


6 


6 


29 


29 



See footnote at end of table. 



187 



Table 63.-Nuinber of FulLTime Police Department Employees, December 31, 1971, Cities with Population under 25,000-Continued 



City by State 



OKLAHOMA— Con. 



Choctaw 

Cleveland 

Colli nsvllle... 

Dewey 

Duncan 

Durant 

El Reno 

Fairview 

Healdton 

Henryetta 

HolUs 

Hominy 

Kingfisher 

MadlU 

McAlester 

Miami 

Moore --. 

Nichols Hills. 
Nicoma Parli. 

Nowata 

Okmulgee 

Owasso - 

Pauls Valley- - 

Pawhuska 

Purcell 

Sapulpa. 

Tahlequah . . . 

Tecumseh 

Tonkawa 

Village 

Vinlta 

Wagoner 

Warr Acres 

Wewoka 

Woodward 

Yukon 



OREGON 



Albany --. 

Ashland.- 

Astoria. 

Baker. 

Bend 

Burns 

Cannon Beach.. 

CanyonvlUe 

Central Point.. 

Coos Bay 

Coqullle 

Cottage Grove. 

DaUas 

Florence 

Forest Grove... 

Gladstone 

Grants Pass — 

Gresham 

Hermlston 

Hlllsboro 

Hood River 

Klamath Falls.. 

La Grande 

Lake Oswego. - 

Lakeview 

Lebanon 

Lincoln City.. 
McMlnnville-.. 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



Male 



Female 



City by State 



Total police 
employees 



OREGON— Con. 



Mill City. 

Milton- Freewater. 

Milwaukio 

Myrtle Creek 

Myrtle Point 

Newberg 

Newport.. 

North Bend. 

Nyssa 

Oregon City 

Pendleton 

PrinevlUe 

Redmond 

Reedsport 

Roseburg 

Saint Helens 

Seaside 

Silverton 

Stayton 

Sutherlln 

Sweet Home 

Talent 

The Dalles 

Tigard... 

Tillamook 

Toledo.. 

West Linn 

Winston. 

Woodburn. 



PENNSYLVANIA 



Ambler 

Ambridge 

Annville 

Apollo 

Arnold 

Ashland... 

Aston Township 

Atglen. 

Avalon. 

Baldwin Township 

Bangor 

Beaver 

Beaver Falls 

Bedford 

Bellefonte 

Belle Vernon 

Bellevue 

Bentleyvllle 

Berwick 

Birdsboro 

Blairsville 

Bloomsburg 

Boyertown 

Brackenridge 

Braddock. 

Brentwood 

Bridge ville 

Bristol 

Brownsville 

Burnhara-Derry 

Township 

Butler 

Butler Township 

Caernarvon Township. 
California 



Total 



Male 



U 
17 

4 

2 
12 

6 



1 
13 

4 

5 
11 
25 

6 
11 

2 
19 

2 
14 

4 

8 
10 

5 

4 
19 
17 

S 
16 
14 

10 

33 

16 

1 

9 



Female 



8 
5 
15 

11 

17 
4 
2 

12 

6 

9 

1 
11 

4 

5 
10 
23 

6 
11 

2 

17 
2 

14 
4 

9 
5 
4 

18 
17 
8 
15 
14 


30 
15 

I 

y 


1 

4 
6 

2 

1 
2 

2 

1 
1 

1 

1 

1 
3 

1 



City by State 



PENNSYLVANIA— 
Continued 



Canonsburg 

Carlisle 

Carmichaels Boro 

Castle Shannon... 

Catasauqua. 

Center Township 

Chambcrsburg 

Churchill... 

Clairton 

Clarion 

Clymer — 

Coal Township 

Columbia 

Conewago Township .. 

Connellsville 

Coplay 

Coraopolis.. 

Corry 

Coudersport 

Crafton 

Cressona 

Cumru Township 

Curwensville 

Dale 

Dallas 

Dallastown 

Danville 

Derry 

Donora 

Doylestown 

Dravosburg 

DuBois 

Dunraore 

Dupont. 

Duquesne 

East Deer Township .. 

East Lansdowne 

East Norriton Town- 
ship 

East Pennsboro Town- 
ship 

East Stroudsburg 

Easttown Township... 
East Whiteland Town- 
ship 

Economy 

Elizabeth Township. . . 

EUwood City 

Emmaus — 

Emporium 

Ephrata 

Etna 

Fairview Township — 

Farrell 

Fcrndale 

Fleetwood 

Folcroft 

Ford City.. 

Forest City... 

Forty-Fort 

Fox Chapel 

Franklin Township... 

Freeland 

Free port 

Gettysburg 

Gilberton 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



19 

26 
3 

10 
5 

12 

30 
9 

26 
9 
2 

10 
9 
2 

19 
3 

18 

12 
3 

13 
3 
7 
3 
2 

3 

5 
8 
2 
14 
15 

16 

24 

1 

22 

3 

4 



Male 



19 

26 

3 

9 

5 

12 

30 

9 

24 

7 

2 

10 

9 

1 

19 

3 

18 

11 

3 

13 

3 

7 

3 

2 

3 

5 

8 

2 

14 

12 

6 

16 

24 

1 

22 

3 

4 



See footnote at end of table. 



188 



Tqble 63.— Number ofFull-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1971, Cities with Population under 25,000— Continued 



City by State 



PENNSYLVANIA— 
Con. 

Glassport 

Glenolden 

Greensburg _ . 

Green Tree _. 

Greenville 

Grove City _ 

Hamburg 

Hanover 

Hanover Township 

Hatboro _ 

Hatfield Township 

Heidelburg 

Hellertown 

Hollidaysburg 

Honesdale 

Hopewell Township 

Horsham Township 

Hulmeville 

Ingram _. 

Jenkintown. . _ 

Jersey Shore 

Jessup ___ 

Jim Thorpe... 

Kennedy Township 

Kennett Square 

Kingston _ 

Kulpmont 

Kutztown 

Lansdale 

Lansdowne 

Latrobe 

Lawrence Park Town- 
ship 

Leetsdale 

Lehighton 

Lemoyne 

Lewisburg 

Lewistown 

Liberty Boro 

Lititz 

Littlestown 

Lock Haven 

Lower Burrell 

Lower Makefield Town- 
ship 

Lower Moreland Town- 
ship 

Lower Providence 

Township 

Lower Saucon Town- 
ship 

Lower Southampton 

Loyalhanna Township. 

Luzerne 

Lykens 

Mahanoy City 

Manheim 

Marcus Hook 

McAdoo 

McConnellsburg 

McDonald _. 

Meadville _ , 

Mechanicsburg 

Meyersdale 

Middlesex Township 

Middletown , 



See footnote at end of table. 



Total police 
employees 


Total 


Male 


Female 


9 


9 




7 


6 


1 


36 


34 


2 


9 


9 




20 


18 


2 


11 


10 


1 


3 


3 




24 


20 


4 


16 


16 




16 


15 


1 


10 


9 


1 


2 


2 




8 


8 




10 


8 


2 


7 


7 




8 


8 




23 


22 


1 


6 


5 




6 


5 




17 


13 


4 


6 


6 


1 


4 


4 




4 


4 




14 


11 


3 


10 


10 




20 


20 




2 


2 




5 


6 




23 


18 


6 


21 


20 


1 


24 


23 


1 


6 


6 




4 


I 




7 


7 




6 


6 




7 


7 




23 


16 


8 


6 


6 




6 


5 




3 


3 




18 


17 


1 


10 


10 




18 


17 


I 


16 


15 


1 


13 


12 


1 


3 


3 




20 


18 


2 


1 


1 




6 


6 




1 


1 




10 


10 




4 


4 




9 


9 




6 


3 


3 


2 


2 




2 


2 




26 


24 


1 


9 


9 




4 


4 




3 


3 




13 


13 





City by State 



PENNSYLVANIA— 
Con. 

Millcreek Township 

Millers villa 

Millvale. 

Milton 

Miners vi lie 

Monaca 

Monessen 

Montonrs ville 

Moon Township 

Morrisville 

Mount Oliver.- 

Mount Pemi 

Moimt Pleasant 

Mount Union 

Muhlenberg Township. 

Muncy 

Munhall 

Myerstown _ 

Narberth 

Nether Providence 

Township 

New Brighton 

New Cumberland 

New Holland 

Newtown Township 

North Belle Vernon 

North Braddock 

North Catasauqua 

North East. 

Northumberland 

Oakmont 

Oil City , 

Olyphant 

Oxford 

Palmerton , 

Palmer Township 

Palmyra 

Parke-sburg 

Penbrook 

Perkasie 

Peters Township 

Phihpsburg 

Pitcairn 

Plains Township 

Pleasant Hills 

Plymouth Township... 

Port Allegany 

Port Carbon 

PortVue 

Pottsville. ., 

Prospect Park , 

Punxsutawney , 

Pymatuiiing Township, 

Quakertown 

Rankin 

Red Lion... 

Reserve Township 

Reynoldsville 

Ridley Park ., 

Roaring Spring 

Robeson Township 

Rochester 

Rockledge 

Rossyln Farms Boro 

Royersford , 

Saint Clair 



Total police 
employees 


Total 


Male 


Female 


2 


2 




3 


3 




8 


8 




12 


11 


1 


7 


7 




9 


9 




20 


20 




3 


3 




20 


19 


1 


12 


10 


2 


10 


10 




6 


6 




12 


9 


3 


4 


4 




13 


13 




2 


2 




26 


26 




3 


3 




6 


6 




13 


13 




11 


8 


3 


8 


8 




4 


4 




11 


11 




1 


1 




16 


16 




2 


2 




5 


5 




4 


4 




12 


12 




26 


23 


2 


6 


6 




8 


7 


1 


6 


6 




14 


14 




7 


7 




6 


6 




3 


3 




6 


6 


1 


13 


7 


6 


5 


6 




6 


5 




12 


12 




18 


18 




23 


22 


1 


2 


2 




1 


1 




4 


4 




35 


32 


3 


6 


5 




14 


13 


1 


6 


6 




12 


U 


1 


19 


16 


3 


6 


6 




4 


4 




3 


3 




7 


7 




2 


2 




1 


1 




12 


10 


2 


2 


2 




2 


2 




4 


4 




6 


6 





City by State 



PENNSYLVANIA— 
Con. 



Saint Marys... 

Saltsbm"g Borough 

SchuyUdU Haven 

Scottdale 

Selinsgrove 

Sewickley 

Sharon.. _ 

Sharon Hill 

Sharpsburg 

Shillington 

Shippensburg 

Slatington 

Slippery Bock 

Somerset 

South Fayette 
Township 

South Fork.. 

South Greensburg 

Southmont 

South Williamsport 

Speers Boro 

Spring City.. 

Springettsbury 
Township 

Springfield Township. . 

Spring Garden 
Township 

Stowe Township 

Sunbury 

Sxisquehanna 

Swissvale 

Tamaqua 

Tarentum 

Titusville 

Topton. 

Towanda 

Traflord ._ 

Tredyflrin Township. . 

Tyrone... 

Union City 

Uniontown 

Upper Gwynedd 
Township 

Upper Merion Town- 
ship 

Upper Moreland 
Township. 

Upper Providence 
Township 

Upper Southampton 
Township. 

Upper Yoder Town- 
ship 

Vander grift 

Verona 

Versailles 

Warren 

Washington 

Washington Township. 

Waynesboro- 

WaynesbuTR 

Weatherly 

WeUsboro 

West Chester... 

West Goshen Town- 
ship.. 



Total poUce 
employees 



Total 



40 



Male 



Female 



189 



Table 63.— Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1971, Citiei with Population under 25,000— Continued 



City by State 



PENNSYLVANIA— 
Con. 



West Homestead 

West Lampeter Town- 
ship 

Westmont 

West Newton 

West Pitts ton 

West Reading 

West View 

Whitehall- 

Whitehall Township. ... 

Whitpain Township 

Wilkes-Barre Township. 

Wllklns Township 

Williamstown 

Wllmerding 

Windber 

Wyoming 

Wyomisslng _ , 

Yeadon 

Youngwood 



RHODE ISLAND > 



Barrington _. 

Bristol.. 

Burrlllville.. 

Central Falls 

Coventry 

East Greenwich... 

Jamestown 

Johnston 

Lincoln — 

Narragansett 

North Sralthfleld.. 

Portsmouth 

Scltuate 

Smlthfleld... , 

South Kingstown. 

Tiverton 

Warren 

Westerly 

WestWarwiclc 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



SOUTH CAROLINA 



Abbeville 

Aiken 

Bamberg 

Batesburg 

Bennettsville.. 

BishopviUe 

Calhoun Falls. 

Camden. 

Cayce 

Cheraw 

Clinton 

Conway 

Darlington 

Goose Creek... 

Great Falls 

Greenwood 

Hartsville 

Lake City 

Laurens 

Marion. 

Newberry 



Male 



11 

36 

6 

6 

20 

10 

5 

24 

17 

17 

17 

26 

22 

4 

5 

42 

29 

17 

30 

19 

20 



Female 



City by State 



SOUTH CAROLINA- 

Con. 



North Augusta.. 

Orangeburg 

Port Royal 

Seneca.. 

SimpsonviUe 

Springdale 

Sumter' 

Travelers Rest... 

Walterboro 

Ware Shoals 

West Columbia. 

Westminster 

Williston 

Winnsboro 

Woodrufl 



SOUTH DAKOTA 



Belle Fourche. 

Brookings 

Flandreau 

Hot Springs... 

Lead 

Madison 

Mobridge 

Pierre 

Sisseton 

Spearflsh 

Sturgis 

Webster 

Yankton 



TENNESSEE 



Alcoa 

Bristol 

Brownsville 

Camden 

Church Hill 

CoUegedale 

Columbia 

Cookeville.. 

Crossville 

Dayton 

Fort Donelson 

Gallatin 

German town 

Greeneville 

Harriman 

Henderson 

Humboldt 

Lebanon 

Lenoir City 

Lexington 

Maryville 

McKenzie 

McMinnvlUe 

Milan 

Millington 

Morristown 

Paris 

Pulaski 

Red Bank 

Ripley 

Savannah 

Signal Mountain. 



Total poUce 
employees 



Total 



21 

34 

14 

13 

3 

3 

32 

31 

10 

7 

2 

32 

9 

35 

26 

6 

25 

24 

14 

14 

22 

6 

26 

18 

18 

34 

21 

17 

16 

15 

10 

17 



Male 



Female 



12 


1 


3 




3 




31 


1 


27 


4 


9 


1 


7 




2 




31 


1 


9 




32 


3 


24 


2 


6 




21 


1 


23 


1 


14 




13 


1 


22 




6 




25 


1 


16 


2 


17 


1 


34 




20 


1 


16 


1 


16 




15 




10 




17 





City by State 



TENNESSEE— Con. 



Sparta 

Springfield.. 
Sweetwater.. 
Union City. 



TEXAS 



Alamo 

Alamo Heights... 

Alvln - 

Andrews 

Angleton. 

Aransas Pass 

Atlanta 

Azle 

Balcones Heights. 

Ballinger 

Beeville 

BellvlUe 

Bel ton 

Borger 

Bowie 

Brady 

Bridgeport 

Brownfleld 

Brownwood 

Burkburnett 

Calvert 

Cameron 

Carrizo Springs... 

Carrollton 

Castle Hills 

Cisco 

Cleburne 

Clute 

CockrellHlll 

Coleman.. 

College Station... 

Comanche 

Corsicana.. 

Crane 

Crockett 

Crowley 

Cuero 

Dalhart 

Deer Park 

Denlson.. 

Denver City 

DeSoto 

Donna 

Dublin 

Dumas.. 

Eagle Lake.. 

Eagle Pass 

Eastland.. 

Electra 

Euless 

Frlendswood 

Frlona 

Gainesville ' 

Georgetown 

Gilmer 

Gladewater 

Gonzales 

Graham 

Grapevine 

Hamlin 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



5 
18 
15 
11 
14 
12 

8 
12 
U 

6 
16 

2 

9 
21 
12 

5 

4 
21 
27 
14 

8 
10 

4 
27 
10 
12 
25 
12 

8 
10 
19 

6 
31 

4 
10 

6 

6 
13 
21 
37 

9 
18 
12 

2 
16 

3 
20 

5 

7 
19 

6 

4 
28 

7 
13 
14 

8 
14 
18 



Male 



See footnote at end of table. 



190 



Table 63.— Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1971, Cities with Population under 25,000— Continued 



City by State 



TEXAS— Con. 



Henderson 

Hereford 

Highland Park 

Hlllsboro -- 

Homble 

Huntsvllle 

Iowa Park 

Jacinto _ 

Jacksonville 

Keller 

Kenedy 

Kennedale 

Kermlt 

Kerrvllle 

Kilgore 

Lake Worth 

La Marque 

Lamesa.- , 

Lancaster 

La Porte , 

League City 

Lewlsville' 

Liberty _.. 

LIttlefleld - 

Live Oak 

Lockhart 

Lufkln 

Marshall 

Mathls - 

McCamey 

McGregor 

Memphis. 

Mercedes 

Mexia 

Mineola 

Mission... 

Mount Pleasant 

Nacogdoches 

New Braunfels 

Nocona 

North Richland HiUs... 

Olmos Park 

Orange 

Palestine 

Pampa 

Paris 

Pearland 

Pecos 

Pharr 

Pittsburg 

Plalnview 

Piano 

Port Aransas 

Port Isabel 

Portland 

Port Lavaca 

Raymondville _. 

Richland Hills 

Richmond 

Robstown 

Rockdale 

Rosenburg 

Rotan 

Rusk 

Saginaw 

San Benito 

Schertz 



Total poUce 
employees 



Total 



Male 



Female 



21 


19 


2 


9 


7 


2 


12 


11 


1 


17 


16 


1 


9 


4 


6 


6 


4 


1 


8 


6 


2 


16 


13 


2 


22 


20 


2 


22 


21 


1 


11 


7 


4 


18 


14 


4 


17 


17 




16 


11 


4 


18 


17 


1 


17 


16 


1 


21 






12 


9 


3 


9 


6 


3 


4 


4 




6 


6 




39 


36 


3 


41 


36 


6 


7 


6 


1 


2 


2 




9 


9 




4 


4 




14 


13 


1 


14 


12 


2 


6 


6 




18 


16 


3 


16 


16 




33 


33 




26 


24 


1 


6 


6 




26 


18 


7 


6 


6 




38 


36 


3 


31 


30 


1 


29 


23 


6 


39 


37 


2 


13 


10 


3 


16 


12 


4 


13 


13 




6 


4 


1 


28 


26 


2 


33 


30 


3 


6 


4 


1 


9 


8 


1 


11 


11 




19 


16 


4 


11 


9 


2 


19 


16 


4 


7 


7 




29 


27 


2 


9 


7 


2 


18 


14 


4 


4 


4 




3 


3 




9 


6 


4 


17 


17 




4 


4 





City by State 



TEXAS — Con. 



Seabrook 

Seguln 

Seminole 

Silsbee 

Sinton 

Slaton 

Snyder 

Stamford 

Stephenville 

Sulphur Springs. . 

Sweetwater 

Taft 

Taylor 

Terrell 

Terrell Hills 

Tulia 

Waxahachie 

Weatherford 

Weslaco 

West Columbia... 
White Settlement. 

Windcrest 

Winters , 

WyUe 

Yoakum 

Yorktown , 



UTAH 



American Fork 

Brigham City 

Centerville 

Eureka 

Heber 

Helper 

Layton. 

Lehi 

Mldvale 

Pleasant Grove 

Price 

Roy 

Saint George 

Sandy 

South Ogden 

South Salt Lake 

Spanish Fork 

Springville 

Sunset 

Tooele 

Tremonton 

Washington Terrace. 

VERMONT 

Bellows Falls 

Brattleboro 

Colchester 

Essex Junction 

Hartford _ 

Milton 

Newport 

Northfleld 

Poultney 

Proctor 

Randolph 

Saint Albans 

Saint Johnsbury 



Total poUce 
employees 



Total 



Male 



Female 



City by State 



VERMONT— Con. 



South Burlington. 

Springfield , 

Waterbury 

Windsor , 

WinooskI 



VIRGINIA 



Abingdon 

Appalachla 

Bedford 

Big Stone Gap.. 

Blacksburg 

Bristol 

Buena Vista 

Cape Charles... 

Chase City 

Christiansburg.. 
Clifton Forge... 

Courtland 

Covington 

Culpeper 

DubUn 

Emporia 

Franklin 

Fredericksburg. 

Front Royal 

Harrisonburg,.. 

Hopewell 

Lexington 

Luray 

Manassas 

Manassas Park.. 

Marion 

Martinsville 

Orange 

Pulaski 

Radford 

Rocky Mount... 

Salem 

Saltvllle 

South Boston... 

Staunton 

Suffolk 

Vinton 

Warrenton 

Waynesboro 

Williamsburg 

Winchester 

Wise , 

Wytheville 



WASHINGTON 



Aberdeen 

Anacortes 

Auburn 

Blaine 

BotheU 

Burlington 

Camas 

Clarkston 

CleElum 

Clyde HiU Town. 

College Place 

ColviUe 

Connell 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



10 

3 

20 

6 

23 

30 

17 

4 

9 

13 

14 

1 

19 
17 
6 
18 
17 

as 

16 
34 
37 
21 

7 
23 

6 
14 
43 

6 
28 
19 

8 
30 

8 
16 
49 
33 
10 
14 
36 
24 
47 

6 
14 



Male 



9 


1 


3 




17 


3 


6 




19 


4 


26 


4 


16 


2 


4 




8 


1 


13 




13 


1 


1 




14 


6 


16 


2 


6 


1 


18 




17 




34 


1 


11 


S 


31 


3 


36 


2 


16 


6 


7 




20 


3 


6 




13 


1 


39 


4 


6 




22 


3 


18 


1 


8 




28 


2 


8 




16 


1 


47 


2 


30 


3 


10 




12 


2 


36 


1 


21 


3 


46 


1 


6 




13 


1 


26 


7 


11 


3 


39 


6 


7 




8 


6 


6 




12 




9 


4 


4 




6 




6 


2 


6 




4 





See footnote at end of table. 



191 



Table 63. — Number of Full-lime Police Department Employees, December 37, 1971, Cities with Population under 25,000 — Continued 



City by State 



WASHINGTON— 
Con. 



Dayton 

Des Moines- _., 

Edmonds — 

EUensburg 

Enumclaw 

Ephrata 

Fircrest 

Qoldendald 

Orandview 

Hoquiam 

Issaquah 

Kelso 

Kcnnowlck 

Kent 

Klrkland 

Lacey 

Lynden 

MarysvUle 

Medina - 

Mercer Island 

Milton 

Monroe 

Moses Lake 

Mountlake Terrace- 
Mount Vernon 

Oak Harbor 

Ocean Shores 

Olympla 

Orting 

Othello 

Pasco 

Port Angeles , 

Port Orchard 

Port Townsend 

PuUman 

PuyaUup 

Redmond 

Sedro Woolley 

Selah 

Shelton' 

Snohomish 

Sumner 

Toppenlsh 

Tukwila 

Tumwater... 

Walla WaUa 

Wapato- 

Wenatchee 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



WEST VIRGINIA ' 



Beckley 

Benwood 

Bluefleld 

Bridgeport 

Buckhannon... 
Charles Town. 

Chesapeake 

Chester 

Dunbar 

Elklns 

FoUansbee 

Grafton 



Male 



7 

12 

36 

24 

11 

11 
3 
6 
9 

17 

11 

22 

30 

31 

29 

16 
4 

16 

10 

31 
6 
5 

22 

27 
16 
14 
11 
31 
2 
10 
34 
26 
13 
7 

27 

38 

23 

7 

7 

14 

7 

11 

28 

16 

12 

49 

10 

38 



Female 



3 

8 

33 

21 
8 
8 
3 
S 
9 

17 
8 

18 

26 

26 

22 

13 
4 

12 
8 

26 
6 
6 
18 

24 

13 

12 

7 

26 

2 

9 

28 

20 

10 

7 

20 

29 

18 

6 

7 



City by State 



WEST VIRGINIA- 
Con. 



Hlnton 

Keyser 

Klngwood 

Logan 

Mannlugton 

Marmet 

Martlnsburg 

McMechen 

Montgomery 

Moundsville 

Mount Hope 

New Martinsville 

Nitro 

Paden City 

PhUlppi 

Point Pleasant 

Princeton 

Ravenswood 

Richwood 

Ripley 

Saint Albans 

Saint Marys 

Slstersville 

South Charleston 

Spencer 

Summersvllle 

War - 

Welch...- 

Wellsburg 

Weston 

White Sulphur Springs 

Williamson 

Williams town 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



WISCONSIN 



Algoma 

Altoona 

Antigo 

Ashland 

Baraboo 

Bayside 

Beaver Dam 

Berlin 

Black River Falls 

Bloomer 

Boscobel 

BrlUlon 

Brodhead 

Brown Deer 

Burlington. 

Burlington Township . 

Caledonia 

Cedarburg , 

Chilton 

Chippewa Falls 

CUntonvUle 

Columbus 

Combined Locks 

Cudahy 

Delafleld 

Delavan 

DePere 



Male 



7 

11 
6 

11 
4 
2 

24 
4 
8 

17 
3 

10 

11 
4 
4 
8 

17 

12 

10 
7 

18 
7 
3 

27 
6 
9 
4 

11 
6 
9 
4 
14 
3 



Female 



City by State 



WISCONSIN— Con. 



Dodgevllle 

Edgerton 

Elkhorn 

Elm Grove 

Evansvllle 

Fort Atkinson 

Fox Point 

Franklin 

German town 

Glendale 

Grafton 

Greenfield 

Hales Corners 

Hartford 

Hartland 

Horlcon 

Hudson 

Hurley 

Jeflerson 

Kaukauna 

Kewaunee 

Kiel 

Klmberly 

Ladysmith 

Lake Geneva 

Lake Mills 

Lancaster 

Little Chute 

Marinette 

Marshfleld 

Mauston 

Mayvllle 

Medford 

Menomonie 

Mequon 

Merrill 

Mlddleton 

Milton 

Monona 

Monroe 

Mount Pleasant 

Muskego 

Neenah. 

NelUsviUe.... 

Nekoosa 

New Holstein 

New London. 

New Richmond 

North Fond du Lac.. 

Oak Creek 

Oconomowoc 

Oconto 

Oconto Falls 

Onalaska 

Oregon 

Park Falls 

Peshtlgo 

Pewaukee 

Plattevllle 

Plymouth 

Portage 

Port Washington 

Prairie du Chien 

Reedsburg 



Total police 
employees 



Total 



17 

21 

18 

16 

36 

11 

28 

13 

13 

6 

6 

9 

4 

11 

20 

6 

6 

6 

6 

16 

4 

6 

6 

21 

37 

6 

7 

5 

23 

24 

17 

12 

4 

14 

22 

3 

21 

47 

4 

6 

6 

10 

6 

1 

34 

22 

7 

3 

6 

4 

6 

6 

6 

20 

10 

17 

13 

10 

13 



Male 



6 
6 
S 







14 


1 


4 




6 




6 




21 




35 


2 


6 




6 


1 


6 




22 


1 


23 


1 


17 





11 


1 


4 




13 


1 


18 


4 


2 


1 


16 


6 


41 


6 


4 




6 




6 




10 




6 




1 




34 




21 


1 


7 




3 




6 




4 




6 




6 




5 




18 


2 


10 




16 


1 


12 


1 


10 




11 


2 



See footnote at end of table. 



192 



Table 63. — Number of Full-Time Police Department Employees, December 31, 1971,Cifieswifh Population under25,000 — Continued 



City by State 


Total police 
employees 


City by State 


Total police 
employees 


City by State 


Total police 
employees 




Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


WISCONSIN— Con. 
Rhlnelander 


18 
14 

10 
15 

9 
12 

4 
13 

6 

4 
14 

8 
28 
32 
11 
34 
12 
11 

3 

4 


17 
13 

8 
13 

7 
12 

4 
13 

B 

4 
12 

8 
28 
30 
11 
31 
12 
11 

3 

4 


1 
1 

2 
2 
2 


WISCONSIN— Con. 

Sun Prairie... 


11 

5 

12 

8 

5 

1 

5 

25 

3 

6 

6 

3 

28 

11 

12 

26 
5 
30 


11 

6 

12 

8 

8 

1 

5 

24 

3 

6 

5 

3 

26 

10 

12 

30 

26 

5 

28 


1 

2 

1 

2 
2 


WISCONSIN— Con. 

Whitewater 


24 
13 
44 

9 
19 
16 
34 
11 
12 
15 
18 
21 
23 
12 
13 
15 


19 


R 


Rice Lake 


Thiensville 






Ricliland' Center 


Tomah 


Wisconsin Rapids 

WYOMING 

Buffalo 


J 1 1 


Ripon . . . 


Tomahawk 


7 
12 
14 




River Falls 






River Hills - 


Town of Menasha 

Town of Oconomowoc. 
Two Rivers 




Rothschild 




•) 


Saiat Francis 




Gillette 


. 


Sauk Prairie 




Union Grove 




, 


Schofleld. 










Shawano 


2 


Washburn. 






Sheboygan Falls 


Waterford 


Powell 


H : 4 












South Milwaukee 


2 






13 

18 
21 
8 
'.) 
11 


5 










Stevens Point 


3 


West Bend 






Stoughton 


West Milwaukee 

Weston 


Thermopolis 




Sturgeon Bay - 




Torrington 

Worland 




Sturtevant 




Whitefish Bay 



















' Male or female breakdown not available for agencies listing only total employees. 



Table 64. — Number of Full-Time Employees, December 31, 1971, Universities 



University 



Arizona State University ., 

University of California: 

Berkeley 

Irvine 

Los Angeles 

Riverside 

Medical School— San Francisco. 

Colorado State University... 

Northern Illinois University.. 

University of Maryland 

Central Michigan University 

Eastern Michigan University 

Ferris State College, Michigan 

Michigan State University 

University of Minnesota 

Eastern Mississippi Junior College. 
University of Mississippi 



Total police employees 


Total 


Male Female 


39 


34 


5 


88 


82 


6 


9 


8 


1 


62 


SO 


12 


18 


17 


1 


24 


24 
29 
35 




29 




41 


6 


57 


63 


4 


23 


19 


4 


28 


22 


6 


16 


13 


3 


53 


45 


8 


69 


63 


6 


2 


2 




34 

1 


25 


9 



University 



University of New Hampshire 

New Mexico State University 

Kent State University, Ohio 

Oklahoma State University 

University of Oklahoma 

Slippery Rock State College, Pennsylvania 

Southwest Texas State L^niversity 

University of Texas: 

Arlington 

Austin 

El Paso.. 

Galveston 

Medical School— San Antonio 

University of Wisconsin: 

Madison 

Milwaukee 



Total police employees 



Total 



Male 



10 


9 


20 


16 


72 


66 


36 


31 


37 


33 


16 


16 


12 


11 


27 


25 


112 


104 


14 


12 


46 


38 


10 


9 


41 


35 


33 


30 



Female 



193 



Toble 65.— Number of FullTime Law Enforcement Employees, December 31, 1971, Suburban Counfies 



County by State 



ALABAMA 



Baldwin 

Etowah 

Mobile 

Russell 

Tuscaloosa.. 



ARIZONA 



Maricopa - 
Pima 



ARKANSAS 



Crawford. 

Miller 

Pulaski — 
Sebastian. 



CALIFORNIA 



Alameda... 

Contra Costa. .. 

Fresno 

Kern 

Los Angeles 

Marin 

Monterey 

Napa 

Placer 

Riverside 

Sacramento 

San Diego 

San Mateo 

Santa Barbara. 

Santa Clara 

Solano --- 

Sonoma 

Stanislaus 

Ventura 

Yolo...- 



COLORADO 



Adams 

Arapahoe. 
El Paso... 
Jefferson. - 



DELAWARE 

New Castle 



FLORIDA' 



Alachua 

Broward 

Dade 

Escambia 

Hillsborough., 

Orange 

Palm Beach.. 

Pinellas 

Polk 

Santa Rosa. . . 

Sarasota 

Seminole 

Volusia 



Total employees 



Total 



18 
32 
120 
17 
65 



423 
318 



600 
367 
330 
351 
6,751 
77 
195 
57 
93 
433 
662 
711 
333 
368 
583 
103 
172 
149 
476 
102 



106 
83 
82 

134 



Male 



Female 



130 



110 

334 

1,624 

143 

344 

298 

436 

237 

167 

17 

118 

67 

103 



13 

28 

100 

16 

44 



363 

279 



7 


7 


13 


11 


68 


64 


21 


19 



497 
313 
267 
284 
i,298 

69 
150 

60 

80 
333 
696 
676 
272 
268 
469 

87 
146 
118 
391 

92 



84 
64 
67 
112 



121 



113 

293 



103 

54 

63 

67 

1,463 

8 

46 

7 

13 

100 
67 

136 
61 

100 

114 
16 
27 
31 
84 
10 



County by State 



GEORGIA 



Bibb 

Chatham... 

Clayton 

De Kalb.... 
Dougherty.. 
Muscogee... 
Richmond. . 



HAWAU 

Honolulu 

IDAHO 



Ada. 



ILLINOIS 



Boone 

Cook - 

Henry 

Lake 

Madison 

McHenry . . . 

McLean 

Peoria 

Sangamon.. 
Winnebago.. 



INDIANA 



Allen 

Hancock 

Johnson 

Lake 

Marshall 

Morgan 

Porter 

Saint Joseph.. 

Shelby 

Sullivan 

Vanderburgh. 
Warrick 



IOWA 



Black Hawk 

Linn 

Polk 

Pottawattamie.. 
Woodbury 



KANSAS 



Butler 

Johnson 

Sedgwick... 

Shawnee 

Wyandotte.. 



Total employees 



Total 



KENTUCKY' 



Boono 

Boyd 

Daviess 

Fayette 

Henderson.. 



56 
66 
64 

296 
27 
60 

133 



294 



16 
400 
14 
127 
84 
75 
36 
82 
53 
123 



94 
10 
15 
132 

5 

8 
21 
98 
12 

6 
69 

9 



14 
69 
114 
45 
53 



62 
66 
61 

267 
26 
47 

123 



Female 



288 


6 


40 


17 


16 




366 


44 


13 


1 


116 


12 


76 


8 


66 


9 


32 


4 


69 


13 


45 


8 


114 


9 


84 


10 


6 


4 


13 


2 


119 


13 


5 




7 


1 


19 


2 


88 


10 


9 


3 


4 


2 


64 


5 


8 


I 


28 


11 


34 


5 


62 


13 


16 


2 


16 


2 


11 


3 


66 


14 


98 


16 


37 


8 



County by State 



KENTUCKY— Con. 



Jeflerson. 
Kenton.. 



LOUISIANA 



Bossier 

Caddo 

Calcasieu 

East Baton Rouge.. 

Jefferson 

Lafayette — 

Ouachita 

Saint Tammany 



MAINE 



Androscoggin. 
Cumberland.. 



MARYLAND 



Anne Arundel.. 

Baltimore 

Howard 

Montgomery 

Prince Georges. 



MICHIGAN 



Bay -. 

Calhoun 

Clinton 

Eaton 

Jackson 

Kalamazoo. 

Kent 

Monroe 

Muskegon- . 

Ottawa 

Washtenaw. 



MINNESOTA 



Dakota. . 
Ohnsted. 



MISSISSIPPI 



Harrison . 



MISSOURI 



Buchanan 

Cass - 

Clay 

Franklin 

Jackson 

Jefferson 

Saint Charles. 
Saint Louis... 



MONTANA 



Cascade. 



NEBRASKA 



Lancaster.. 
Sarpy 



Total employees 



Total 



348 

24 



35 

140 
135 
244 
651 
107 
71 
60 



449 
1,094 
90 
807 
836 



45 
41 
15 
45 
44 
81 
161 
74 
51 



Male 



26 
10 
38 
16 

136 
40 
46 

562 



313 

24 



31 

127 
116 
197 
647 
96 
59 
40 



417 

1,031 

78 

734 



38 
35 
13 

44 
40 
69 

130 
62 
44 
59 

105 



Female 



53 



33 

14 
114 
38 
39 
474 



See footnote at end of table. 



194 



Table 65. — Number of Full-Time Law Enforcement Employees, December 31, 1971, Suburban Counties — Continued 



County by State 



NEVADA 

Clark ..-. 

Washoe 

NEW JERSEY 

Atlantic 

Bergen 

Burlington 

Camden 

Cumberland 

Essex 

Essex Park Police 

Gloucester 

Hudson 

Hudson Police Depart- 
ment 

Mercer 

Middlesex 

Monmouth 

Morris 

Passaic 

Salem - 

Union 

Warren , 

NEW MEXICO 

Bemahllo 

NEW YORK 

Broome 

Dutchess 

Herkimer 

Livingston 

Madison 

Monroe 

Nassau 

Onondaga 

Oswego - 

Rensselaer 

Schenectady 

Suflolk 

Tioga ---. 

Wayne 

NORTH CAROLINA 

Buncombe 

Cumberland 

Forsyth _. 

Gaston 

GuiUord 

Mecklenburg 

New Hanover 

Orange 

Wake 

OHIO 

Allen 

Belmont 

Butler 

Clark 

Delaware 

Hamilton 



Total employees 



Total 



392 
116 



105 
122 

91 
127 

76 

71 
107 

47 
130 

101 
40 

129 

105 
60 
71 
29 

144 
4 



103 



86 
73 
12 
36 
20 
187 

3,798 

335 

36 

74 

27 

2,705 
22 
41 



67 
108 
79 
46 
133 
112 
68 
27 
49 



46 
14 
64 
38 
16 
199 



Male 



118 
65 

107 
60 
64 

106 
43 
96 

95 
26 

100 
91 
43 
64 
22 

121 
3 



89 



78 

69 

8 

31 

16 

181 

3,685 

304 

32 

63 

22 

2,608 

19 



61 
101 
73 
43 
118 
109 
67 
26 
46 



42 
13 
48 
31 
15 
188 



Female 



113 

28 



7 

14 

4 

4 

4 

6 

213 

31 

4 

11 

5 

197 

3 

6 



County by State 



OHIO— Con. 



Lake 

Lawrence 

Lorain... 

Lucas 

Mahoning 

Medina 

Montgomery.. 

Pickaway 

Putnam 

Richland 

Warren.. 

Washington *.. 
Wood 



OKLAHOMA 



Canadian... 
Cleveland. 
Comanche. 



Tulsa.. 



OREGON 



Clackamas.. 

Lane 

Marion 

Multnomah. 

Polk 

Washington.. 



SOUTH CAROLINA 



Aiken 

Berkeley 

Charleston... 

Lexington 

Pickens 

Spartanburg. 



SOUTH. DAKOTA 

Minnehaha.- 

TENNESSEE 



Anderson. 

Knox 

Wilson 



TEXAS 



Archer 

BelL.. 

Brazos 

Cameron. . 

Coryell 

Ector 

El Paso 

Fort Bend. 
Grayson... 

Hidalgo 

Jefferson 

Johnson 

Lubbock 

McLennan. 



Total employees 



Total 



35 

18 
48 
86 
56 
28 
126 
18 
8 
44 
32 
20 
27 



Female 



65 


65 


10 


110 


83 


27 


79 


63 


16 


341 


292 


49 


23 


15 


8 


90 


67 


23 


40 


35 


6 


16 


14 


2 


157 


142 


15 


32 


27 


5 


22 


22 




111 


102 


9 


18 


14 


4 


19 


18 


1 


100 


92 


8 


6 


6 




4 


4 




22 


20 


2 


12 


11 




22 


21 




4 


3 




32 


28 




93 


82 


11 


19 


18 




22 


21 




42 


37 


6 


76 


68 


8 


20 


19 


1 


46 


41 


5 


28 


26 


2 



County by State 



TEXAS— Con. 



Potter 

Randall 

San Patricio. 

Smith 

Taylor 

Travis. 

Wichita 



UTAH 



Davis 

Salt Lake.. 

Utah 

Weber 



VIRGINIA 



Amherst 

Chesterfield 

Fairfax 

Hanover 

Henrico 

Loudoun 

Prince George.. 
Prince WlUiam. 



WASHINGTON 



Benton 

Clark 

Franklin 

King. 

Snohomish. 

Spokane 

Yakima 



Total employees 



Total 



WEST VIRGINIA ' 



Brooke 

Cabell 

Hancock... 
Kanawha. . 
Marshall... 
Wood 



WISCONSIN 



Brown 

Calumet 

Dane 

Douglas 

Kenosha 

La Crosse. . 
Milwaukee. - 
Outagamie. 

Ozaukee 

Racine 

Washington. 
Waukesha... 
Winnebago. . 



OTHER AREAS 



Canal Zone '.. 
Guam 



33 

318 
25 
66 



12 
65 

544 
27 

179 
9 
24 
86 



Male 



21 


19 


81 


74 


16 


12 


449 


381 


113 


85 


136 


130 


59 


43 



345 

227 



30 

278 
23 



12 
62 

500 
26 

166 

8 

20 

82 



100 


90 


12 


12 


97 


82 


21 


21 


78 


72 


37 


36 


371 


328 


51 


47 


28 


26 


87 


77 


47 


42 


136 


117 


60 


61 



213 



1 Male or female breakdown not available for agencies listing only total employees. 



195 



Table 66. — Number of Full-Time Law Enforcement Employees, December 31, 1971, Rural Counties Over 50,000 in Population 



County by State 


Total employees 


County by State 


Total employees 


County by State 


Total employees 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


CALIFORNIA 


93 
110 

66 
183 

34 

189 
81 
24 
65 

47 
60 


74 
86 
66 
160 

30 

134 


19 
24 
10 
33 

4 

66 


KENTUCKY ' 
Hardin ._ 


4 
6 

47 

29 

18 

21 
60 
24 
36 
37 
46 
16 






NORTH CAROLINA 
Davidson 


47 
44 
38 

36 

24 
32 

14 

66 
23 

66 

.... 62 


46 
42 
36 

29 
21 
25 


2 




Pike 






Onslow 


2 




LOUISIANA 


33 

23 

16 

18 
48 
18 
31 
32 
36 
13 


14 
6 
2 

3 

2 
6 
4 
6 

10 
3 


Rowan 


2 


Tulare 


OHIO 

Ashtabula 




COLORADO 




MARYLAND 
Washington 


7 




Columbiana 


3 




Licking 


7 


FLORIDA ' 


Wayne t 




MINNESOTA 
Stearns 


SOUTH CAROLINA 


62 
21 

43 

61 














3 








NEW YORK 

Cattaraugus - _ 


Horry ..- 


2 


ILLINOIS 


46 
42 


2 
8 


WASHINGTON 

Kitsap . . ... 






Chautauqua. 


13 




Chnton 


WISCONSIN 

Marathon 










INDIANA 








Saint Lawrence 


1 























1 Male or female breakdown not available for agencies Usting only total employees. 



196 



Table 67. — Number of Offenses Known fo fhe Police, 1971, Cifies and Towns 20,000 and Over in Population 



City 



Cities over 250,000 in popjtlation 



Akron, Ohio 

Atlanta, Ga_ 

Austin, Tex 

Baltimore, Md 

Bimiingliam, Ala.. 



Boston, Mass 

Buffalo, N.Y 

Chicago, 111 

Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Cleveland, Ohio.- 



Columbus, Ohio.. 

Dallas, Tex.. 

Denver, Colo 

Detroit, Mich 

El Paso, Tex 



Fort Worth, Tex... 
Honolulu, Hawaii. 

Houston, Tex 

Indianapolis, Ind.. 
Jacksonville, Fla. . 



Jersey City, N.J... 
Kansas City , Mo. . 
Long Beach, Cahf. 
Los Angeles, Calif. 
Louisville, Ky 



Memphis, Tenn 

Miami, Fla 

Milwaukee, Wis 

Minneapolis, Minn.. 
Nashville, Tenn 



Newark, N.J 

New Orleans, La. 
New York, N.Y.. 

Norfolk, Va 

Oakland, CaUf.... 



Oklahoma City, Okla. 

Omaha, Nebr 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Phoenix, Ariz 

Pittsburgh, Pa. 



Portland, Oreg 

Richmond, Va 

Rochester, N.Y 

Sacramento, Calif. 
Saint Louis, Mo... 



Saint Paul, Minn 

San Antonio, lex 

San Diego, Calif 

San Francisco, Calif. 
San Jose, Calif 



Seattle, Wash.. 
Tampa, Fla... 
Toledo, Ohio.. 
Tucson. Ariz.. 
Tulsa, Okla... 



Washington, D.C. 
Wichita, Kans 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



12, 670 
30, 056 
8,307 
M,449 
14, 162 

42, 514 
20, 226 
126, 854 

21, 880 
46, 295 

26, 679 
46,400 
37,706 
127, 245 
13, 074 

13, 948 
16, 362 
58, 819 

22, 874 
24, 171 

11,214 
27, 864 
17,084 
183, 867 
17, 667 

23,697 

24, 896 

22, 025 

23, 865 
20, 746 

34, 762 
35, 375 

529, 447 
13, 939 
26,664 

12,959 
11,408 
61,340 
30,646 
26, 467 

26, 459 
16,306 
11,160 

13, 410 
44,409 

14, 417 
26, 703 

25, 496 
67,638 
17,880 

26, 967 
13, 824 
13, 821 
8,460 
12,432 

61,256 
10, 689 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



230 

27 



116 
76 

824 
79 

270 



207 
82 

677 
16 

102 
19 

303 
60 
82 

40 
103 
31 

427 
84 

91 
100 
62 
35 
73 

131 

116 

1,466 

35 



46 
24 
436 
68 
6.J 

16 
72 
31 
33 
220 



37 

102 

16 

42 
64 
29 
19 
33 

275 
14 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
neghgence 



18 
42 
14 
77 
22 

24 



Forcible 
rape 



262 
28 
31 

16 



46 
43 

19 
23 
63 
22 
52 

12 

46 

7 

196 

48 

35 
34 
35 



100 
268 

66 
637 

98 

235 
134 

1,549 
189 
428 

269 
68o 
434 
853 
76 



74 
530 
264 
264 

51 

371 

130 

2,062 

85 

273 
137 
104 
228 
lo7 

312 
326 
2,416 
122 
220 

144 
122 
646 
216 
279 

144 
131 

64 
84 
498 

79 
217 
142 
612 
170 



118 
91 
73 

615 
67 



Robbery 



772 
2,207 

372 
9,480 

465 

4,736 

2,207 

24, 012 

1,749 

5,987 

1,873 

2,861 

2,167 

20,753 



917 

629 

5,127 

2,109 

1,264 

1,629 
2,473 
1,480 
14, 147 
1,453 

1,161 
2,829 
661 
1,646 
1,176 

6,629 

3,391 

88, 994 

821 

2,932 

621 

482 

9,243 

1,304 

2,656 

1,797 

1,286 

728 

783 

4,956 



911 
1,106 
6,684 

497 

1,801 
951 

1,081 
383 
450 

11,222 
374 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



362 
1,935 
1,119 
6,666 
1,470 

1,907 

812 

11,285 

819 

2,004 

943 
6,282 
2,050 
5,400 

688 

549 
251 

2,877 
927 

1,941 

442 

1,805 

697 

14, 674 

527 

1,628 
3,014 
662 
1,037 
2, 174 

2,641 
2, 109 
33, 865 
1,229 
1,224 

1,142 
1,085 
4,970 
2,326 
1,910 

1,127 
786 
468 
565 

3,231 

498 
2,091 

806 
3,101 

743 

1,093 

1,143 

457 

466 

838 

3, 972 
400 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



4,386 
13, 726 

4,334 
18, 481 

4,867 

12, 439 
6,287 

38,386 
9,761 

11,780 

10,023 
18, 322 
16, 228 
61,531 
7,621 

6,615 
6,261 

26, 219 
9,480 

12, 035 

3,146 
11,560 

7,223 
74, 812 

5,036 

10, 498 
9,258 
4,636 

10, 039 
8,216 

13, 466 
10,705 
181, 331 
4,912 
14,311 

6,314 
3,706 
20, 914 
13,348 
9,489 

10, 794 
6,191 
4,664 
5,609 

18, 876 

5,919 
10, 579 

8,670 
18, 264 

8,190 

12, 455 
6.346 
6,227 
3,704 
5,113 

18, 818 
4,388 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



4,102 
7,656 
1,336 
10, 134 
4,286 

7,066 
6,016 
16, 593 
6,144 
6,971 

8,176 
12, 229 
10, 667 
25, 361 

2,240 

2,816 
6,123 
10, 993 
6,637 
6,048 

803 
6,154 
4,071 
41, 606 
4,804 

7,126 
6, 299 
9,908 
5,884 
5,626 

6,754 
10,381 
124, 762 
6,217 
1,493 

2,136 
3,097 
7,387 
8,965 
6,636 

8,845 
4,143 
3,927 
3,745 
4,763 

3, 998 
8,008 
11,060 
16, 130 
4,643 

7,858 
3,893 
6,149 
2,460 
3,922 

7,622 
3,829 



Under 
$60 



4,493 
10, 645 

8,968 
22, 301 

4,322 

6,402 
6,637 

80, 906 
8,806 

10, 386 

8,341 
23, 866 

9,943 
26, 839 

9, 690 

9.731 
8,068 

18, 032 
10, 707 
10, 634 

1,388 
8,212 
8,080 
53, 609 
3,104 

6,735 
6, 662 
8,867 
10,939 
4,678 

5,549 
8,603 

62, 480 
5,928 

17, 035 

7,636 
6,920 
21,769 
20, 629 
6,235 

9, 487 
4,626 
8,824 
8,337 
22, 998 

4,585 
11,977 
14, 934 
14, 356 
16, 976 

13, 253 
7,614 
8, 109 
8, 962 
4,304 

19, 260 
7,975 



Auto theft 



197 



Table 67.— Nomtcr of Offenses Known fo the Police, 1971, Cities and Towns 20,000 and Over in Population— Conimued 





Total 
Crime 
Index 


Criminal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 


Larceny 


-theft 




City 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 


$60 and 
over 


Under 
$60 


Auto theft 


Cities 100,000 to 250,000 
in population 

Albany, N.Y 


3,678 
16, 640 
6,899 
3,134 
4,129 

8,619 
6,127 
9,054 
4,042 
7,138 

11,164 

7,177 
7,233 
3,902 
1.932 

11,271 
6,029 
5,896 
5,456 
4,025 

9,663 
14,139 
3,360 
6,661 
2,766 

6,630 
3,248 
6,469 
11,068 
8,616 

7,383 
3,936 

11,568 
6,504 

11,716 

4,546 
6,663 
4,980 
4,986 
2,698 

8,226 
4,669 
5,686 
4,933 
5,195 

2,018 
4,636 
7,330 
5,442 
8,278 

4,697 
5,412 
2,878 
6,778 
3,071 


6 
31 
9 
6 
9 

6 

7 
22 
20 
11 

18 
6 

15 

11 
6 

64 
38 
9 
32 
22 

33 

89 
8 

11 
3 

10 
7 
9 

33 
13 

6 
1 

19 
3 

62 

1 

17 
14 

7 
6 

23 

8 
2 

7 
21 

4 
29 
34 
28 

4 

21 
16 
3 
36 


6 
27 
6 
2 
8 

8 
9 
11 
4 
5 

12 


17 
103 
61 
22 
18 

66 
45 
46 
6 
78 

20 
42 
57 
15 
10 

98 
24 
70 
37 
14 

59 
96 
13 
66 
14 

28 
21 
69 
81 
63 

46 

■' 26 

35 

29 

87 

19 
71 
24 

49 
20 

40 
12 
23 

47 
27 

16 
68 
85 
11 
33 

23 
28 
26 
60 
11 


282 
667 
490 
137 
91 

223 
246 
301 
207 
528 

572 
366 
682 
327 
34 

673 
365 
183 
264 
200 

256 
1,778 
14& 
361 
40 

476 
273 
261 
636 
412 

343 

56 

386 

163 

1,396 

169 
262 
166 

298 
78 

574 
190 
232 
83 
106 

50 
186 
461 
166 
274 

326 

168 

24 

368 

76 


111 
988 
424 
178 
174 

166 
101 
767 
617 
266 

207 
243 
413 
137 
15 

1,246 
161 
198 
363 
158 

872 
1,013 

73 
169 

24 

314 
141 
665 
1,268 
263 

102 
98 
226 
113 
436 

116 
610 
1,134 
172 
120 

662 
199 
249 
156 
267 

156 
280 
572 
298 
270 

195 
293 
198 
634 
108 


2,012 
6,232 
1,864 
1,238 
1,664 

4,118 
1,468 
3,769 
1,886 
4,147 

3,494 
1,978 
2,968 
1,265 
683 

4,938 
2,463 
2,183 
2,650 
1,779 

3,970 
6,285 
1,090 
1,885 
1.090 

2,067 
1,400 
1,980 
4,214 
3,643 

2,391 
1,942 
4,562 
2,044 
4,723 

1,905 
3,601 
1,527 
1,044 
1,232 

2,507 
1,484 
2,204 
1,867 
2,159 

868 
1,998 
3,618 
2,289 
3,977 

2,140 
1,926 
782 
2,460 
1,669 


390 
6,631 
2,186 
1,262 
1,762 

3,097 
2,431 
2,692 
1,018 
886 

3,101 
1,316 

986 
1,682 

842 

3,276 
760 
2,658 
1,490 
1,167 

3,355 
3.003 
1,310 
3,301 
1,081 

1,113 
939 
1,881 
3,617 
2,902 

3,876 
1,370 
4,162 
2, 765 
2,040 

1,632 
1.610 
1,642 
1,947 
1,004 

1,777 
2,126 
2,105 
2,349 
2,007 

713 
1,436 

923 
1,307 
3,074 

1,064 
2,498 
1,576 
2,722 
1,016 


413 

7,170 
2,883 
1,684 
2,738 

4,633 
2,260 
4,312 
3,000 

7,224 

2,676 
1,265 
1,636 
2,247 
2,946 

4,066 
1,609 
3,033 
2,946 
1,083 

4,099 
6,601 
3,387 
4,907 
1,927 

1,956 
2,387 
1,800 
6,848 
4,690 

4,262 
2,986 
6,735 
3,006 
2,322 

2,129 
3,433 
2,643 
1,676 
1,796 

4,903 
1,406 
3,213 
2,686 
2,264 

832 
2,780 
4,146 
1,206 
3,725 

1,963 
2,204 
2,782 
2,992 
1,187 


860 




1,988 




876 




302 


Amarillo, Tex 


421 




865 




830 


Baton Rouge, La - - 


1,467 




288 




1,232 


Bridgeport Conn 


3,742 




3,239 


Camden, N.J 


1 
3 


2,122 


Canton, Oliio .. 


666 


Cedar Rapids Iowa 


343 


Charlotte, N.C 


22 

34 

6 

6 

16 


1,086 


C hattanooga, Tenn 


1,218 


Colorado Springs, Colo. 

Columbia, S.C 


694 
630 




685 




1.108 


Dayton, Ohio 


6 

10 
2 
6 

16 
2 
4 
6 
9 

7 
4 

11 
4 

12 

8 
1 

16 
12 
3 


1,876 


Dearborn, Mich . 


718 


Des Moines, Iowa.. - 

Duluth Minn 


778 
513 


Elizabeth, N.J 


1,523 


Erie, Pa 


467 




704 


Flint, Mich 


1,330 


Fort Lauderdale, Fla 


1,220 


Fort Wayne, Ind 


619 




443 


Fresno, Calif 


2,18S 


Garden Grove, Calif 


39- 


Gary, Ind 


2.982 


Glendale, Calif 


804 


Grand Rapids, Mich 


595 


Greensboro, N.C 


47: 




1.46E 




23* 




2.64: 


Hialeah. Fla 


14 
9 
4 
1 


65( 




871 


Huntington Boach, Calif 

Huntsville, Ala 


424 
60S 




2ia 




8 
17 
18 


64C 




1,63 


Knoxville, Tenn 


1,36. 




64e 




7 


92i 




494 






26 


Little Rock, Ark 

Livonia, Mich - 


6 


49 
28 



198 



Table 67.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1971, Cities and Towns 20,000 and Over in Population — Continued 



City 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



Cttiea 100,000 to 160,000 in 
population— Continued 

Lubbock, Tex 

Macon, Ga 

Madison, Wis 

Mobile, Ala 

Montgomery, Ala 

New Bedford, Mass 

New Haven, Conn 

Newport News, Va 

Orlando, Fla 

Parma, Ohio 

Pasadena, Calif. 

Paterson, N J 

Peoria, Dl 

Portsmouth, Va 

Providence, E.I 

Raleigh, N.C... 

Riverside, Calif 

Rockford, 111 

Saint Petersburg, Fla 

Salt Lake City, Utah 

San Bernardino, Calif 

Santa Ana, Calif 

Savannah, Ga 

Scranton, Pa 

Shreveport, La 

South Bend, Ind 

Spokane, Wash 

Springfield, Mass 

Springfield, Mo... 

Stamford, Conn__ _ 

Stockton, Calif 

Syracuse, N.Y... 

Tacoma, Wash 

Topeka, Kans 

Torrance. Calif 

Trenton, NJ... 

Virginia Beach, Va 

Warren, Mich 

Waterbury, Conn 

Winston-Salem, N.C 

Worcester, Mass 

Yonkers, N.Y 

Youngstown, Ohio 

Cities 50,000 to 100,000 in 
population 

Abilene, Tex 

Abhigton Township, Pa 

Alameda, Calif 

Albany, Ga 

Alhambra, Calif. 

Altoona, Pa 

Amherst, N.Y 

Anderson, Ind 

Ann Arbor, Mich 

Appleton, Wis. 



6,201 
6,996 
6,720 
8,862 
4,468 

6,603 
7,934 
3,693 
6,127 
1,606 

8,078 
8,621 
6,666 
6,079 
11,977 

4,966 
8,713 
3,626 
8,661 
11,179 

7,204 
6,716 
7,109 
2,237 
6,472 

4,793 
6,977 
10,273 
3,963 
3,816 

7,646 
6,869 
6,006 
4,686 
6,069 

7,805 
4,194 
8,874 
3,887 
6,403 

12,669 
7,262 
6,106 



1,713 
1,419 
2,690 
1,114 
2,496 

1,089 
1,848 
1,476 
6,642 
913 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
neghgent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Robbery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



11 


6 


w 




12 


2 


21 


2 


12 


2 


12 


1 


14 


14 


13 


10 


29 


20 


16 


23 


7 


17 


4 


14 


22 




1 


3 


40 


2 


17 


9 


q 




12 


7 


4 


6 


1 


4 


20 


6 


6 




10 


16 


7 


7 


6 


6 


16 


6 


6 




2 





66 
31 
31 
86 
40 

12 
62 
28 
30 
4 

111 
41 
30 
62 
21 

22 
63 

8 
62 
64 



141 
299 
60 
466 
211 



261 

216 

301 

25 

627 
918 
396 
489 
625 

191 
265 
149 
633 

409 

400 
276 
393 
68 
186 

463 
181 
407 
64 
150 

474 
528 
310 
202 
156 

913 
63 
211 

176 
199 

452 
486 
354 



31 
42 

64 
80 
105 

22 

38 

47 

224 

4 



566 
211 
34 
441 



119 
334 

427 
989 
59 

458 
977 
577 
269 
626 

452 
466 
187 
671 
292 

278 
282 
414 
144 
686 

132 
168 
325 
77 
91 

256 
284 
297 
442 
121 

300 
192 
199 
128 
1,019 

207 
196 
300 



47 
14 
41 
77 
69 

33 
6 

118 

227 

11 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



2,606 
2,663 
2,302 
6,168 
1,715 

2,566 
2,977 
1,332 
2,389 
613 

3,677 
3,177 
1,965 
2,276 
4,176 

1,308 
4,036 
1,363 

4,487 
4,159 

3,040 
3,719 
3,372 
796 
2,596 

1,843 
2,646 
4,358 
1,831 
2,331 

3,462 
2,968 
2,493 
1,683 
2,469 

3,378 
1,205 
1,902 
1,499 
2,242 

6,110 
2,607 
2,700 



801 
711 
716 
649 
972 

702 
647 
463 
3,154 
476 



Larceny— theft 



$60 and 
over 



2,642 
1,768 
2,724 
1,604 
1,821 

1,488 
1,836 
1,372 
1,941 
616 

2,117 

936 

1,761 

1,329 

894 

2,638 
3,056 
1,349 
2,337 
4,387 

2,391 
1,608 
2,106 
770 
1,272 

1,466 
2,208 
2,011 
1,666 
522 

1,973 
2,382 
1,930 
1,956 
2,372 

1,816 
2,495 
2,644 
960 
1,459 

2,366 

2,287 

691 



702 
468 
1,450 
119 
936 

189 
906 
682 
2,677 
358 



Under 
$50 



2,340 
1,644 
4,182 
1,518 

2,190 

1,314 
3,761 
2,606 
2,856 



4,319 
1,840 
2,668 
1,933 
5,586 

1,890 
3,734 
3,317 
6,046 
5,887 

2,170 
6,271 
2,251 
667 
4,100 

3,086 
4,994 
3,130 
3,116 
302 

4,862 
4,736 
3,073 
2,293 
2,073 

1,635 
2,907 
2,506 
1,121 
1,883 

2,561 
2,648 
2,647 



1,567 

436 

1,343 

81 

1,011 

212 

606 

341 

3,129 

1,458 



Auto theft 



199 



Table 67. — Number of Offenses Known to fhe Police, 1971, Cifies and Towns 20,000 and Over in Population — Continued 



City 



Cities 60,000 to 100,000 in 
population— Continued 



Arlington, Mass 

Arlington, Tex 

Arlington Heights, ni. 

AshevUle, N.C 

Augusta, Oa 



Aurora, Colo 

Aurora, 111 

Bakersfleld, CalU- 
Bay City, Mich... 
Bayonne, N.J 



Bellevue, Wash.., 
Bellflower, Calif. 

Berwyn, 111 

Bethlehem, Pa... 
Billings, Mont..-. 



Blnghamton, N.Y... 

Bloomfleld, N.J 

Bloomington, Minn. 

Boise, Idaho 

Boulder, Colo 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



Bristol, Conn 

Bristol Township, Pa. 

Brockton, Mass 

Brookllne, Mass 

Brownsville, Tex 



Buena Park, Calif. 

Burbank, Calif 

Carson, Calif 

Champaign, 111 

Charleston, S.C... 



Charleston, W.Va.. 
Cheektowaga, N.Y. 
CherryHUl, N.J... 

Chesapeake, Va 

Chester, Pa 



Chicopee, Mass 

Chula Vista, Calif. 

Cicero, m... 

Clarks town, N.Y. 
Clearwater, Fla... 



Cleveland Heights, Ohio. 

Clifton, N.J 

Colonie Town, N.Y 

Columbia, Mo 

Compton, Calif 



Concord, Calif 

Costa Mesa, Calif 

Council Bluffs, lowa. 

Covlngton, Ky 

Cranston, R.I 



Daly City, Calif 

Danbury, Conn 

Davenport, Iowa 

Dearborn Heights, Mich.. 
Decatur, 111 



818 
3,263 

922 
1,977 
l,2fiO 

2,894 
2,166 
4,412 
1,318 
1,196 

1,962 
2,662 
1,002 
1,600 
2,033 

1,227 

996 

1,913 

2,207 



646 
2,272 
2,966 
4,043 
1,299 

2,026 
2,329 
3,826 
2,318 
3,931 

3,162 
1,404 
2,466 
2,263 
4,041 

1,341 
2,162 
1,169 
939 
2,310 

1,600 
1,224 
1,464 
1,193 
11,479 

3,874 
3,689 
2,398 
2,676 
1,762 

2,117 
1,176 
3,046 
2,317 
2,272 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 





2 


1 

2 
1 




2 


3 


6 


2 


1 


1 


3 


6 


1 


4 


1 


14 


1 


13 


9 


2 


4 


1 


1 


7 


2 


18 


2 


6 


4 


2 
6 






1 


4 


3 




1 


1 


1 
2 
20 






1 


2 


1 


1 
3 




6 


6 


2 




3 

1 


4 


1 
3 




6 


1 


3 


6 





Robbery 



22 
38 
12 
46 
110 

76 
92 
222 
77 
44 

16 
108 
26 
69 
40 



27 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



33 

Incomplete 



111 
141 
121 
266 

195 
28 
36 
68 

496 

13 

64 
74 
24 
64 

68 
69 
13 
42 
802 

61 
68 
60 
162 
18 

97 
16 
111 
113 
103 



31 
116 
28 
63 
214 

126 
216 
140 
44 
19 

136 
146 
12 
99 
36 



18 
42 
106 



96 
77 
109 
24 
26 

67 
80 
269 
269 
277 

189 
23 
10 
288 
646 

33 
71 
66 
17 
142 

49 
38 
7 
46 
916 

66 
74 
46 
126 
32 

41 
16 
440 
109 
196 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



382 
837 
368 
636 
623 

1,093 

694 

1,817 

639 

421 

671 
1,009 
343 
644 
621 

477 
466 
402 
724 



228 

910 

1,203 

1,412 

723 

1,113 
1,078 
1,781 
1,099 
1,686 

876 
664 
924 
986 
1,601 

464 
1,024 
234 
420 
863 

418 
392 
440 
367 
4,792 

1,447 
1,648 

748 
1,046 

642 

766 
477 

1,327 
919 

1,034 



Larceny— theft 



$60 and 
over 



146 
1,811 
411 
936 
128 

1,248 

1,018 

1,693 

423 

369 

933 
796 
369 
686 
1,066 

496 

374 

1,248 

1,069 



778 

683 

1,386 

344 

489 
641 
898 
647 
1,294 

1,667 
496 
948 
702 
496 

463 
764 
261 
373 
1,056 

347 
368 
813 

621 
1,284 

1,927 

1,635 

1,103 

708 

681 

726 
468 
736 
869 
692 



Under 
$60 



61 

1,943 

1,433 

630 

106 

1,808 
1,086 
3,124 
1,762 
231 

1,223 
967 
286 
939 

1,972 

1,026 

422 

1,626 

2,278 



228 
963 

669 

625 

1,197 

1,797 
2,039 
829 
1,591 
2,370 

1,326 

1,227 

620 

1,498 



109 

1,823 

409 

687 

1,699 

1,296 
806 
646 

1,081 
2,773 

2,143 
1,734 
1,264 
1,627 



976 

629 

2,983 

1,329 

1,882 



Auto theft 



200 



Table 67. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1971, Cifies and Towns 20,000 and Over in Population— Continued 



City 



CUiee 50,000 to 100,000 in 
population — Continued 

Des Plaines, 111 

Downey, Call! 

Dubuque, Iowa 

Durham, N.C 

East Hartford, Conn_ 

East Orange, NJ 

East Saint Louis, 111 

Edison, NJ 

ElCajon, Calif 

Elgin, 111 

Elmhurst, lU 

El Monte, Calif. 

Elyria, Ohio.. 

Euclid, Ohio 

Eugene, Greg 

Evanston, 111 

Everett, Wash.. 

Fairfield, Conn 

Fall River, Mass. 

Fargo, N. Dak 

FayetteviUe, N.C 

Florissant, Mo 

Fort Smith, Ark.. 

Framingham, Mass 

Fullerton, Calif.... 

Gadsden, Ala 

Gainesville, Fla 

Galveston, Tex 

Garland, Tex 

Grand Prairie, Tex 

Great Falls, Mont 

Greece, N.Y 

Green Bay, Wis 

Greenville, S.C 

Greenwich, Conn 

Hamden, Conn 

Hamilton, N.J 

Hamilton, Ohio 

Harrisburg, Pa 

Haverford Township, Pa 

Hawthorne, Calif 

Hayward, Calif 

High Point, N.C 

Holyoke, Mass. 

Huntington, W. Va.. 

Inglewood, Calif 

Irondequoit, N.Y 

Irving, Tex 

Irvington, N.J 

Joliet, 111 

Kalamazoo, Mich 

Kenosha, Wis 

Kettering, Ohio 

La Crosse, Wis 

Lafayette, La 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



1,240 
3,633 
1,462 
3,073 
740 

4,074 
4,650 
1,849 
1,607 
1,667 

977 
2,242 
1,406 

629 
4.466 

1,787 
2,369 
1,940 
6,464 
1,083 

2,101 

819 

990 

2,114 

3,266 

1,228 
3,919 
4,090 
1,866 
1,463 

1,668 
1,016 
1,168 
3,870 
786 

895 
1,848 
2,414 
2,952 

842 

2,422 
5,039 
1,922 
2,298 
2,632 

6,930 
682 
2,329 
1,911 
2,647 

4,656 

2,248 
923 
776 

2.161 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



12 



Robbery 



18 
116 

16 
116 

11 

676 
431 
53 
31 
67 

11 
118 
62 
26 
80 

128 
35 
23 

129 
11 

112 
6 
20 
19 
58 

61 
110 
383 
29 
26 

40 
4 
11 
179 
11 

11 

57 

113 

308 

18 

167 
191 
36 
50 
137 



30 

187 
191 

209 
92 
25 
5 
92 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



13 
320 
21 

186 
321 
17 
34 
109 

40 
129 
76 
5 
95 



116 
50 

108 
16 

344 
20 
64 
72 
72 

61 
379 
309 
149 
112 

42 

23 

7 

269 

13 

25 
13 

244 
304 

4 

78 
205 
62 

27 
228 

166 
24 

126 
69 

242 

617 
111 
54 
1 
172 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



433 
1,344 

621 
1,220 

267 

1,764 

2,008 

688 

621 

426 

330 
783 
612 
127 
1,609 

716 
827 
698 
3,052 
364 

497 
340 
319 
713 

772 

581 

1,426 

1,630 

610 

646 

720 
208 
472 
1,412 
246 

327 
860 
698 
1,000 
376 

790 
1,615 
825 
967 
933 

1,984 
130 
863 
708 
910 

1,423 
764 
416 
302 

1,120 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



588 
1,626 

708 
1,170 

332 

940 
760 
663 
616 
790 

496 
631 
293 
36 



416 
1,116 

936 
1,395 

574 

749 
347 
460 
929 
2,013 

367 

1,714 

1,419 

898 

666 

559 
720 
565 
1,422 
391 

387 
696 
1,160 
889 
362 



2.083 
803 
649 
998 

1,684 
465 
998 
661 
995 

2,037 
782 
327 
362 
545 



Under 
$60 



Auto theft 



720 
1,219 
1,367 
1,314 

710 

1,237 

569 

404 

1.166 

1,106 

684 
735 
241 
668 
2,892 

2,784 
1,693 
687 
1.195 
1.743 

668 
803 
938 
719 
2,289 

333 

2,051 

1,130 

1,047 

804 

1,452 
696 
825 
867 
413 

576 

766 

1,736 

1,260 

273 

600 

3,138 

867 

697 

1,689 

1.861 
996 

1.665 
996 

1,072 

3,323 
1,998 
1.185 
1,614 
1.227 



201 



Table 67. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1971, Cifies and Towns 20,000 and Over in Population — Continued 



City 



Cities 60,000 to 100,000 in 
population— Continued 



Lake Charles, La. 
Lakewood, Calif... 
Lakewood, Colo.. 
Lakewood, Ohio.. 
Lancaster, Pa 



Laredo, Tex 

Lawrence, Mass 

Lawton, Okla 

Lima, Ohio 

Lincoln Park, Mich.. 



Lorain, Ohio 

Lowell, Mass 

Lower Merion Township, Pa. 

Lynchburg, Va 

Lynn, Mass 



Maiden, Mass 

Manchester, N.H. 
Mansfield, Ohio... 

Medford, Mass 

Meriden, Conn... 



Mesa, Ariz.. 

Mesqulte, Tex 

Miami Beach, Fla 

Middletown Township, N.J-. 
Midland, Tex... 



Mllford, Conn 

Modesto, Calif. 

Monroe, La. 

Mountain View, Calif.. 
Mount Vernon, N.Y... 



Munoie, Ind.. 

Nashua, N.H 

New Britain, Conn... 
Newport Beach, Calif. 
New Rochelle, N.Y... 



Newton, Mass 

Niagara Falls, N.Y 

Norman, Okla 

North Little Rock, Ark- 
Norwalk, Calif... 



Norwalk, Conn.. 
Oak Lawn, 111... 
Oak Park, 111.... 

Odessa, Tex 

Ogden, Utah.... 



Ontario, Calif 

Orange, Calif.. 

Oshkosh, Wis 

Overland Park, Kans.. 
Owensboro, Ky.. 



Oxnard, Calif.. 

Palo Alto, Calif 

Parsippany-Troy Hills, N.J. 

Pasadena, Tex 

Passaic, N.J 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



1,639 
2,957 
3,993 
630 
1,342 

1,290 
2,800 
3,342 
1,862 
1,997 

2,624 
3,207 
1,460 
962 
4,389 

1,260 
1,336 
1,667 
1,188 
1,664 

2,128 

1,141 

2,986 

903 

981 

2,291 
3,846 
1,127 
1,634 
2,210 

2,798 
664 
2,866 
3,080 
1,946 

3,280 
3,932 
1,661 
1,768 
3,676 

2,661 
863 
1,186 
1,426 
2,207 

3,070 
2,942 
868 
1,674 
1,049 

3,916 
2,351 
926 
1,940 
2,491 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Robbery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



46 
107 
97 
25 
90 



152 
138 
79 

112 
54 
43 
60 

142 

42 
29 
64 
25 



36 

17 
126 

7 
29 

19 
102 
13 
43 
82 

110 
6 

136 
19 
90 

36 

202 
7 



62 
11 

144 
31 

120 

96 
46 
7 
32 
15 

170 
64 
16 
43 

173 



57 

102 

100 

19 

62 



357 
33 

70 

119 
63 
46 
48 

308 

32 
38 

178 



48 
81 
68 
32 
78 

11 
162 
220 
48 
35 

108 
6 

126 
80 
56 

60 
231 

12 
163 
283 

108 

22 
42 
58 



169 
70 



48 
61 

173 
43 

25 
45 
221 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



758 
992 
1,417 
149 
644 

781 
991 



617 

1,028 

1,087 

542 

493 

1,825 

278 
607 
607 
326 
568 

844 
330 
1,754 
384 
464 

766 
1,276 
460 
416 
426 

1,065 

135 

1,349 

1,246 

651 

1,277 

1,661 

644 

631 

1,241 

1,036 
346 

442 
841 
772 

1,339 

1,326 

303 

583 

382 

1,857 
817 
336 
766 
939 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



527 

1,272 

1,716 

62 

524 

291 
410 
1,191 
666 
996 

762 



296 

1,019 

289 
498 
720 
616 
624 



633 
720 



1,040 

1,913 

281 

757 

873 

1,202 
226 
925 

1,638 
763 

1,366 

1,660 

861 

715 

1,323 

1,052 
304 
370 
289 
913 

1,095 

1,266 

475 

867 

510 

1,171 

1,141 

434 

661 

497 



Under 
$50 



781 
1,733 
2,032 

612 
1,048 



246 
1,712 
1,194 
1,136 

1,019 
963 
705 
950 

1,656 

138 

748 
848 
146 
682 

2,671 

1,166 

1,976 

260 

623 

856 
2,653 
2,383 
1,277 

543 

1,013 
223 
802 

1,663 
311 

678 
1,760 

824 
1,049 
1,168 

1,067 
804 
1,347 
2,502 
2,640 

1,178 
2,226 
1,781 
1,049 
579 

1,986 
2,119 

261 
1,183 

579 



Auto theft 



202 



Table 67. — Number 


of Offenses Known to the Police, 


1971, Cities and Towns 20,000 and Over in Population — Continued 




Total 
Crime 
Index 


Criminal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 


Larceny — theft 




City 


Murder 
and non- 
negUgent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 


$50 and 
over 


Under 
$60 


Auto theft 


Cities 50,000 to 100,000 in 
population— Continued 

Pawtucket, R.I... 


1,624 
783 
2,409 
2,113 
1,638 

1,117 
4,026 
7,632 
2,226 
1,462 

700 
3,132 
3,646 
3,366 

898 

1,607 
1,899 
3,392 
2,043 
3,296 

5,662 
3,640 
853 
1,833 
1,948 

3,069 
6,727 
2,871 
2,167 
2,037 

2,464 
1,368 
2,706 
3,078 
2,338 

2,672 
5,768 
2,837 
1,670 
2,666 

2,166 
1,135 
1,802 
2,684 
3,036 

2,609 
2,303 
1,687 
2,006 
1,384 

1,819 
2,502 

2,636 
2,174 


4 
1 
11 
4 
6 


7 
2 
4 


3 

9 
16 
12 
16 

1 

28 

39 

20 

6 

4 
12 

1 
12 

2 

13 

10 
15 
6 
20 

62 
28 

1 
11 

6 

17 
37 

9 
4 
16 

3 

9 
9 
10 
8 

23 

69 

4 

7 

11 

4 
13 
3 
9 
11 

8 
4 
10 
12 

1 

10 
22 

18 
9 


27 
44 
126 
93 
54 

4 

202 

1,140 

161 

46 

9 
66 
71 
216 

8 

103 
61 
85 
66 

136 

334 

127 

6 

91 

61 

160 
636 
46 
23 
56 

104 
21 
111 
140 
76 

67 
281 
44 
62 

22 

13 
23 
24 
66 
86 

170 
111 
191 
29 
63 

41 

112 

44 
48 


33 

18 
196 
248 

69 

14 
236 
835 
100 

29 

13 

200 
87 

249 
12 

76 
124 
99 
33 
103 

462 
235 
3 
85 
36 

229 
554 

94 
104 

99 

75 
50 
42 
110 
84 

56 
268 
47 
48 
75 

73 
13 

77 
53 
42 

74 
136 

28 
112 

23 

65 
236 
Incomplete 
63 
67 


440 
388 
946 
891 
953 

462 
1,819 
3,610 
1,107 

465 

105 
1,089 
1,650 
1,337 

212 

483 
639 

1,121 
640 

1,340 

2,687 

1,483 

267 

677 

601 

1,248 
3,366 

1,022 
858 
897 

729 

781 

1,113 

1,366 

1,000 

1,118 

1,868 

977 

663 

929 

660 
391 
665 
1,004 
880 

972 
1,024 
877 
724 
481 

752 
808 

747 
889 


404 
169 
899 
696 
463 

602 

1,128 

1,322 

664 

617 

608 
1,382 

941 
1,230 

323 

523 
798 
1,671 
967 
980 

1,311 

1,214 
481 
901 
965 

1,099 
689 

1,434 
989 
749 

1,265 

371 

1,166 

1,025 

878 

962 
2,469 
1,386 

497 
1,208 

921 
618 
989 
240 
1,622 

695 
583 
338 
895 
673 

587 
1,050 

1,493 
871 


1,134 
181 

1,330 
566 
398 

492 
1,687 
2,360 

614 
1,075 

1,170 
1,863 
1,222 
2,762 
103 

834 
1,365 
1,214 

646 

2,207 

2,438 
2,476 
1,566 
832 
1,677 

1,813 
4,690 
1,426 
1,892 
2,943 

874 
1,491 
1,103 
3,167 
2,304 

2,661 
1,967 
2,028 
1,287 
1,825 

2,264 

1,364 

946 

607 

1,952 

724 

616 

1,916 

1,031 

474 

2,968 
1,304 

1,589 
1,411 


613 


Penn HUls Township, Pa 


164 
216 


Pico Rivera, Calif.. 


269 


Pine Blua, Ark 


2 


88 


Pittsfleld, Mass 


134 




4 
18 
13 


3 
13 

1 


609 


Pontiac, Mich 


668 


Port Arthur, Tex.. 


160 


Portland, Maine 


300 


Provo, Utah 






61 


Pueblo, Colo. 


2 


10 


391 


Quincy, Mass . . ,, 


896 


Racine, Wis 


8 




314 


Ramapo Town, N.Y 


1 


41 


Reading, Pa. 


7 


302 


RedJord Township, Mich 


2 
1 
5 
6 


267 


Redondo Beach, Calif 


4 
3 
3 

16 
13 
1 
6 
2 

6 
28 
1 
2 
4 

4 
4 
2 
3 
8 

3 

5 
2 
5 


497 


Redwood City, Calif 


338 




713 


Richmond, Calif... 


800 




5 


640 


Rochester, Minn 


104 


Rock Island, 111 


1 
4 

4 
3 
2 


163 


RosevlUe, Mich.. 


377 


Royal Oak, Mich 


320 


Saginaw, Mich... 


428 


Saint Clair Shores, Mich 

Saint Joseph, Mo 


265 
187 


Salem, Oreg.. 


5 
6 


217 


SaUnas, CaUf 


294 


San Angelo, Tex 


132 




1 

1 


273 


San Mateo, Calif 


426 


Santa Barbara, Calif... 


285 


Santa Clara, Calif 


4 
1 


463 


Santa Monica, Calif 

Santa Rosa, Calif. 


818 
378 




2 
6 

6 
1 

4 

1 
2 

1 
1 
3 
4 


408 


Scottsdale, Ariz 


311 




4 


491 


Sioux Falls, S. Dak 


77 


Skokie, m 




164 


SomerviUe, Mass.. . 


6 
6 

4 
6 
4 
2 

1 

1 
11 

4 
4 


1,208 


Southfleld, Mich 


490 


South Gate, Calif 


686 


Springfield, 111 


439 


Springfield. Ohio 

Sterling Heights, Mich 

Stratford. Conn 


239 
232 
262 


Sunny vale, Calif . . 




363 


Tallahassee, Fla 


1 
8 


263 


Taylor, Mich 




Tompe, Ariz. 


267 


Terre Haute, Ind 


296 



203 



Table 67. — Number of Offenses 


Known fo 


the Police, 


1971, Cities and Towns 20,000 and Over in Population — Continued 




Total 
Crime 
Index 


Criminal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 


Larceny— theft 




City 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 


$60 and 
over 


Under 
$60 


Auto theft 


Cities 60,000 to 100,000 in 
population— Continued 

Tonawanda Town, N.Y 

Troy, N.Y._.. 


1,601 
1,260 
1,897 
1,668 
1,766 

1,731 
1,980 
833 
3,654 
2,790 

4,132 
1,244 
1,960 
3,266 
2,827 

1,665 
2,914 
1,103 
1,673 
1,164 

2,862 
741 
1,012 
2,199 
2,642 

3,240 
605 
1,810 
2,646 
1,663 

996 
6,838 
2,391 
1,136 
1,621 

298 
1,705 

746 
928 

766 
237 

2,722 
536 

1,417 

852 

1,674 

1,468 

912 

449 

1,741 
6,465 


1 


2 


3 

7 
21 
19 

5 

4 
9 
11 
16 
20 

37 
1 

11 
2 

11 

14 
16 

1 
1 
4 

9 

3 

1 

12 

9 

16 
1 
7 

16 
11 

3 

24 
3 
12 
16 

1 
10 

4 
6 

3 


38 
55 
38 
22 
50 

51 
78 
72 
173 
42 

122 
32 
92 
11 
66 

80 

148 

19 

8 

30 

64 
9 
9 
64 
86 

173 
19 
80 
63 
78 

19 

458 

36 

18 

168 

2 
58 

73 

64 

2 


13 

95 
185 
202 

31 

26 
41 
26 
95 
60 

449 
68 
67 
63 
62 

78 

160 

14 

9 

16 

87 
34 
24 
99 
68 

152 
20 

129 
85 

135 

2 
118 
13 
39 

49 

9 

138 

Incomplete 

48 

60 

37 

14 
191 
62 
47 

131 
12 
42 
14 
3 

122 
108 


629 
649 
868 
669 
769 

610 

766 

419 

1,386 

1,011 

1,932 
603 
690 
866 

1,182 

612 
827 
290 
361 
294 

1,021 
370 
343 

747 
1,269 

1.586 
273 
443 

1,108 
621 

246 
2,982 
806 
389 
622 

84 
689 

292 
464 

110 
64 
643 

178 
418 

308 
648 
613 

301 

120 

673 
2,161 


717 
296 
534 
584 
364 

680 

592 

182 

1,480 

1,389 

1,247 

334 

851 

1,663 

1,294 

825 
1.497 
673 
946 
646 

1,366 
179 
364 

919 

898 

1,063 
144 
974 
997 
579 

532 
1,690 
924 
679 
463 

183 
703 

266 
226 

658 
123 
1,160 
224 
763 

257 
862 
720 
626 
280 

786 
1,884 


976 
683 
494 
1.057 
249 

544 
1,141 

964 
1,842 

864 

2,163 

618 

514 

1,669 

1,021 

1,623 
1,197 
804 
1,201 
1,683 

1,378 

297 

460 

1,487 

1,132 

2,602 

92 

865 

1,417 

1,931 

443 
2,220 

931 
1,344 

698 

709 
1,081 

501 
950 

679 
90 
1,480 
366 
600 

169 
783 

777 
894 
290 

432 
919 


200 
248 


Tuscaloosa, Ala 


10 

8 
5 

1 
1 

2 
8 

1 

21 
2 
6 
2 

1 

4 
2 




241 


Tyler, Tex 




164 


Union City, NJ 


1 

4 
3 


642 




359 


Upper Darby Township, Pa... 
Utica, N.Y 


504 
121 


Vallejo, Calif 


1 
2 

5 
3 


498 


Ventura, Calif 


277 


Waco, Tex 


324 




304 


Warren, Ohio 


233 


Warwick, R.I -. 




668 


Waterford Township, Mich 

Waterloo, Iowa 


2 


222 
152 




2 
1 
1 
3 

2 
2 


265 


Wauwatosa, Wis 


106 


Wayne Township, N.J.-. 

West Allis, Wis 


3 


266 
174 


West Covina, Calif 


2 

1 
1 
3 

1 

17 


323 


West Hartford, Conn.. 


146 


West Haven, Conn. 


270 


Westland, Mich 




366 


Westminster, Calif . 




222 


West Pahn Beach, Fla... 


1 
2 


245 




148 


White Plains, N.Y 


2 

1 
7 

1 
15 

2 
1 
9 

1 
11 

5 
6 


175 


Whittier, Calif 




276 


Wichita Falls, Tex 


8 


232 


Wilkes- Barre, Pa . 


193 




6 
6 


1.651 


Woodbridge Township, N.J... 


607 
97 


York, Pa 


2 


194 


Cities 16,000 to 60,000 in popu- 
lation 

Aberdeen, S. Dak 


18 






196 


Allen Park, Mich 






Alliance, Ohio 


68 


Alton, 111 . . 


2 


113 




65 








46 


Anchorage, Alaska 


6 
6 
3 

10 


1 


53 

1 

1 

6 


105 

4 
66 

13 
45 

29 
5 
7 

66 
493 


565 




61 




1 


130 


Anniston, Ala 


127 


Antioch, Calif 




5 


112 




1 




153 


Arvada, Colo 


3 


1 
2 

7 
9 


66 


Ashland, Ky. 




37 


Athens, Ga 


8 
12 


6 
3 


190 


Atlantic City, N.J 


798 



204 



Table 67. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1971, Cities and Towns 20,000 and Over in Population — Continued 



City 



Cilies 15,000 to 50,000 in 
population — Continued 



Attleboro, Mass. 
Auburn, N.Y... 
Austin, Minn 



Azusa, Calif 

Baldwin Borough, Pa- 
Baldwin Park, Calif... 

Bangor, Maine 

Barberton, Ohio 



Bartlesville, Okla 

Battle Creek, Mich 

Baytown, Tex 

Beavercreek Township, Ohio. 
Bell Gardens, Calif , 



BelleviUe, 111 

Belleville, NJ 

Bellingham, Wash. 

Belmont, Mass 

Beloit, Wis 



Bensalem Township, Pa. 

Bergenfield, N.J... 

Bessemer, Ala 

Bethel Park, Pa. 

Beverly, Mass 



Beverly Hills, CaUf. 

Big Spring, Tex 

Billerica, Mass 

Biloxi, Miss 

Birmingham, Mich.. 



Bismarck, N. Dak. 

Bloomlield Township, Mich. 

Bloomington, 111.. 

Bloomington, Ind 

Boca Raton, Fla 



Bossier City, La 

Bountiful, Utah 

Bowling Green, Ky. 

Braintree, Mass 

Bremerton, Wash 



Bridgewater Township, N.J. 

Brighton. N.Y.. 

Brookfleld, Wis 

Brooklyn Center, Minn 

Brooklyn Park, Minn 



Brook Park. Ohio. 
Bryan, Tex 

Burbank. lU 

Burlhigame, Calif. 
Burlington. Iowa. . 



Burlington, N.C. 

Burlington, Vt 

Calumet City, 111 

Cape Girardeau, Mo 

Casper, Wyo 

See footnote at end of table. 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



643 
277 
3S1 

1,023 
238 

1,621 
629 



432 
2,099 
1,040 

226 
1,463 

76S 
S36 
1,471 
405 
979 



440 
1,117 

403 
1.216 

1,380 
678 

1,042 
701 
666 

613 



640 
947 

968 

368 

1,516 

1,646 

959 

391 
314 

494 
919 
727 



406 

1,129 

168 

872 
1,121 
1,877 

714 
1,035 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negUgent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Bobbery 



7 
6 
6 

29 
8 

83 
6 

66 

4 
123 
16 
3 
83 

7 
12 
12 
11 
41 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



24 
1 
3 

72 
13 
131 
13 
34 

37 

172 
114 



118 

13 
1 

7 

10 
27 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 





Incomplete 


9 


2 


64 


204 


10 


6 


13 


10 


68 


16 


10 


45 


6 


26 


29 


67 


17 


15 


1 




43 


23 


49 


45 


7 


2 


14 


24 


21 


81 


2 


3 


28 


128 


17 


69 


18 


33 


8 


7 


1 


6 


3 




7 


13 


9 


7 



Incomplete 
56 
43 



109 
13 

197 
10 

77 



212 
111 
120 

446 
94 
796 
247 
288 

139 
948 
363 
111 
619 

321 
184 
419 
144 
253 



160 
534 

546 
309 
343 
249- 
196 

114 
343 

445 
250 
274 

263 

168 
514 



201 
133 
158 
224 
253 



337 
130 



288 
417 
538 
281 
402 



Larceny— theft 



$60 and 
over 



361 



(') 



Under 
$50 



226 


231 


144 


166 


173 


776 


356 


376 


87 


131 


382 


613 


136 


517 


358 


665 


236 


403 


692 


1,288 


414 


629 


103 


44 


323 


640 


304 


330 


224 


88 


811 


1,245 


188 


136 


598 


1,246 


276 


130 


428 


294 


169 


131 


413 


662 


501 


638 


271 


271 


629 


166 


280 


468 


270 


636 



Auto theft 



(') 



439 


609 


262 


352 


552 


418 


445 


676 


156 


543 


660 


579 


649 


326 


493 


915 


143 


99 


133 


308 


310 


920 


483 


769 


363 


334 


243 


622 


164 


196 


431 


508 


59 


413 


393 


367 


490 


1,074 


615 


584 


343 


468 


401 


651 



205 



Table 67. — Number of Offenses Known fo the Police, 1971, Cities and Towns 20,000 and Over in Population — Continued 



City 



Cities 15,000 to 10,000 in 
population— Contlnaed 



Cedar Falls, Iowa.. 
Chapel HIU.N.C... 
Charlottesville, Va. 
Chelmsford, Mass... 
Chelsea, Mass 



Cheltenham Township, Pa- 
Cheyenne, Wyo 

Chicago Heights, 111 

Clarksville, Tenn. 

Clinton, Iowa-.- 



Clinton Township. Mich. 

Clovis, N. Mex 

Columbus, Ind - 

Columbus, Miss. - - 

Concord, N.H 



Coon Rapids, Minn- 
Coral Gables. Fla.-- 

Corona. Calif --. 

Corvallis. Oreg 

Covina. Calif 



Cranford Township, N.J. 

Crystal, Minn. . - 

Culver City, Calif 

Cumberland, Md- 

Cumberland. R.I- 



Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio. 

Cypress, Calif 

Dan vers, Mass 

Danville, ni 

Danville. Va 



Daytona Beach, Fla. 

Decatur, Ala 

Dedham, Mass 

De Kalb. ni 

Del City. Okla 



Delhi Township, Ohio- 

Denton. Tei 

DeWitt.N.Y -.-. 

Dolton, ni 

Dothan, Ala... 



Dover Township, N.J 

Downers Grove, 111 

East Brunswick Township. 

N.J 

East Chicago, Ind 

East Cleveland. Ohio 



East Detroit, Mich 

East Haven Town. Conn.. 

East Lansing, Mich 

Easton. Pa - 

East Point. Oa 



East Providence, 
Eau Claire, Wis.. 

Edina, Minn 

El Cerrito, Caljf. 
El Dorado. Ark. 



R.I.. 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



398 

1,927 

1,194 

649 

928 

1,262 

1,198 

1,810 

873 

729 

1,633 
697 
660 
440 
621 

724 
2,766 
1,096 

496 
1,179 

244 

788 

2,387 

303 



863 
631 

666 

1,072 

847 

3,663 



Criminal homicide 



266 
1,161 

1,096 
688 

782 
3.811 
1,324 

1.606 

362 

983 

1,028 

1,063 

1,476 
436 

1,076 

1,066 

764 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negUgence 



Forcible 
rape 



687 




3 


338 




643 




3 


?76 




723 


3 





37 



Robbery 







2 
6 


9 
1 




3 


1 




1 


7 
10 


22 
19 

1 
6 
9 
2 
3 

1 


1 


1 


1 


4 
2 

3 






4 
3 












8 




1 



3 

8 
37 

8 
SI 

30 
21 
162 
22 
18 

42 
10 
9 
11 



3 
84 
22 

1 
37 

4 
20 
148 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



194 
Incomplete 
16 



3 

7 

Incomplete 
6 
26 

6 
7 

12 
317 

151 

63 
11 
16 
48 
29 



21 
367 
64 
26 
41 

20 
30 
169 
34 
8 

68 
47 
34 
44 
2 



116 
61 



233 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



28 



7 
100 



31 

227 
62 

23 

10 

9 

14 

290 

33 
3 
16 
11 
106 



99 
322 
437 
287 
3S2 

496 
499 
768 
371 
183 

620 
260 
216 
248 
249 

318 
638 
451 
127 
491 



261 

612 

121 

83 

280 
282 
149 
366 
198 

1.900 

146 
107 
168 

101 
179 

96 
546 

431 
194 

261 
789 
424 

462 
181 
361 
447 
331 

436 
167 
317 
409 
343 



Larceny— theft 



$60 and 
over 



246 
1,136 
444 
199 
161 

406 
612 
404 
306 
462 

646 
312 
326 

98 
190 

329 
1.833 
468 
287 
489 

111 

377 

1,128 

134 

179 

406 
266 
240 
396 
496 

867 

178 
189 



116 
383 



Under 
$50 



67 
386 



428 

1,717 

733 

196 

78 

699 

1,019 

698 

232 

1,164 

783 
317 
690 
266 
119 

662 
947 
664 
1,016 
639 

208 
631 

604 
232 
418 

681 
321 
241 
633 
667 



288 
206 
474 

217 
474 

245 
187 

269 
617 

362 



Auto theft 



767 


701 


93 


778 


767 


810 


77 


38 


625 


624 


330 


736 


265 


221 


627 


1,017 


202 


468 


629 


970 


464 


696 


268 


200 



206 



Table 67. — Number of Offenses Known fo the Police, 1971, Cities and Towns 20,000 and Over in Population — Continued 





Total 
Crime 
Index 


Criminal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 


Larceny— theft 




City 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
Slaughter 

by 
negligence 


$60 and 
over 


Under 
$60 


Auto theft 


Citie»tB,000 to 50,000 in 
popuZa^jon— Continued 

Elkhart, Ind 


1,171 
809 
603 

947 
1,348 

1.084 
8£0 
746 
746 

1,178 

437 
1,101 
462 
164 
773 

374 

1,831 

336 

732 

1,407 

576 

1,616 
996 
997 
830 

766 
257 

1,372 
714 

1,162 

1,400 
856 

1,492 
942 
440 

1,476 
744 
663 

2,265 
815 

685 
286 
539 
1,827 
260 

305 
924 
1,838 
891 
783 

740 
1,246 
1,060 

624 
1,639 


2 
1 
1 




6 

1 


46 
19 
13 
11 
36 

17 
20 
36 
6 
46 

9 
21 

8 
11 
17 

1 
33 

3 
12 
48 

7 
31 
36 
13 

9 

16 
4 
6 
14 
60 

39 
36 
19 
62 
13 

67 
12 
21 
162 
10 

11 

7 
34 

47 
4 

6 
17 

14 
17 
4 

15 
32 
10 
3 
36 


88 
15 
6 
14 
16 

116 
40 
19 
4 
23 

11 

33 

3 

4 
6 

6 

68 

7 

22 
142 

16 

27 
99 
26 


320 
226 
123 
403 
372 

349 
380 
304 
86 
376 

113 
431 
236 
39 
366 

109 
700 
114 
256 
709 

264 
623 
259 
260 
459 

303 
78 
341 
261 
377 

641 
338 
632 
406 
148 

572 
150 
211 
626 
310 

180 
92 
256 
696 
162 

121 
282 
768 
397 
311 

396 

679 
277 
217 
705 


618 
512 
360 
324 

668 

480 
261 
153 
443 
611 

243 
522 
186 
106 
272 

217 
799 
178 
362 
362 

237 
469 
610 
583 
290 

332 
118 
868 
383 
390 

617 
332 
721 
314 
230 

539 
480 
247 
797 
345 

341 
72 
113 
707 
69 

131 
516 
766 
362 
48 

244 
412 
689 
332 
493 


611 
848 
173 
376 
1,428 

640 
592 
108 
739 
486 

869 

1,103 

602 

70 

520 

140 
572 
239 
339 

446 

614 
674 
563 
141 

428 

217 
366 
1,113 
180 
133 

717 
262 
877 
390 
333 

609 
763 
628 
627 
1,010 

261 
130 

297 
1,073 


92 


Elmira. N.Y.. 






Elm wood Park, 111 






Enfield. Conn 


2 
1 




196 




3 

1 

2 


6 

3 
2 
3 




Enid, Okla. 


118 


Escondido, CalU.... 




145 






230 


Evergreen Park, 111 


1 




207 


Ewing Township, N.J 


1 


4 

6 
4 
2 
2 
2 

2 
7 
2 


116 


Fairborn, Ohio _. 




66 


Fairfield, Calif. 


2 


1 


88 


Fair Lawn, N.J 


28 


Fairmont, W. Va._ 






3 


Falls Township, Pa. . . 


1 

1 




110 


Farmers Branch. Tex 




38 


Farmington Township, Mich.. 




224 


Fayetteville, Ark.. 


1 




31 






80 


Ferndale, Mich.. 






3 

6 
4 

9 
7 


153 


Flndlay, Ohio 


1 




67 


Fltchburg, Mass. 




462 


Flagstaff, Ariz 


2 




80 


Flint Township, Mich. 




118 


Florence, Ala 






72 


Florence, S.C. 

Fond du Lac, Wis 


10 


3 

1 


3 


17 
2 
89 
10 
12 

46 
76 
39 
27 
13 

31 

9 

33 

58 
21 

1 
3 
16 
184 
13 

13 
22 
105 
38 
26 

7 

86 

8 

2 

48 


76 
66 


Fort Collins, Colo. 


1 


6 


62 


Fort Dodge, Iowa 




46 


Fort Lee, N.J 








323 


Fort Myers, Fla 


6 
6 




3 
6 
7 
G 
1 

8 
2 
2 

20 
2 

4 


148 


Fort Pierce, Fla 


3 

2 

1 


63 


Fountain Valley, CalU 


74 


FrankUn Township, N.J 

Freeport, 111 


2 


136 
35 


Freeport, N.Y 


5 


1 


254 


Frldley, Minn.. 


91 


Galesburg, 111 


1 

4 




48 


Gardena, Calif. 




588 


Garden City, Mich 




127 


Garden City, N.Y 






48 


Garfield, N.J. 




2 


112 


Garfield Heights, Ohio 


3 

4 

1 

1 


3 

8 


114 


Oastonia, N.C 




182 


Gates N.Y 




11 


Genesee Township, Mich 

Glen Cove, N.Y 


1 


4 
1 
5 
4 
3 

1 
2 
2 


132 
186 
688 
364 
197 

171 
463 
1,011 
544 
912 


29 
87 




1 

1 




179 


Glendora, Calif 


1 


72 




391 


Gloucester Township, N.J 






78 


Goldsboro, N.C... .. . . 


11 




123 


<»rand Forks, N. Dak 




74 


Grand Island, Nebr 


1 

1 




69 


Granite City, 111 




3 


254 



207 



Table 67.— Number of Offemes Known to the Police, 1971, Cities and Towns 20,000 and Over in Population— Conrmued 



City 



Cities 25,000 to 50,000 in 
population— C ontinued 



Greeley, Colo 

Greenburgh, N.Y 

Greenville, Miss 

Greenville, N.C 

Groton Town, Conn.. 



Gulfport, Miss - 

Haekensack, N.J 

Hagerstown, Md 

Haltom City, Tex 

Hamburg Town, N.Y. 



Hamtramck, Mich, 

Harlingen, Tex 

Harvey, 111 

Hattiesburg, Miss.. 
Haverhill, Mass 



Hazleton, Pa 

Hempstead, N.Y 

Highland Park, 111.... 
Highland Park, Mich. 
Hilo, Hawaii. 



Hobbs, N. Mex 

Hoboken, N.J 

Holland, Mich 

Hot Springs, Ark. 
Houma, La.. 



Huntington Park, Calil.. 

Hurst, Tex 

Hutchinson, Kans 

Idaho Falls, Idaho 

Inkster, Mich 



Iowa City, Iowa.. 

Ithaca, N.Y 

Jackson, Mich 

Jackson, Tcnn 

Jamestown, N.Y. 



Janesville, Wis 

Jefferson City, Mo... 
Johnson City, Tenn. 

Johnstown, Pa 

Jonesboro, Ark 



Joplin, Mo 

Kankakee, 111 

Kannapolis, N.C. 

Kearny, N.J 

Kent, Ohio 



Key West Fla 

Killeen, Tex 

Kingsport, Tenn. 
Kingston, N.Y... 
KingsviUe, Tex... 



Kirkwood, Mo 

Kokomo, Ind 

Lackawanna, N.Y. 

Lafayette, Ind 

Lallabra, Calif 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



1,358 

1,376 

884 

747 

688 

607 

1,274 

984 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
neghgence 



Forcible 
rape 



Robbery 



426 








2,356 

929 
2,170 


6 

1 
1 
4 


1 
6 


14 
2 

15 
1 


752 




1,302 




270 




1 
2 




1,799 
657 


4 


3 
3 

24 


3,661 
665 


13 

2 

1 


4 
3 


1,014 
1,909 


3 

5 


1 


570 




842 
699 


7 
2 

2 


2 


4 
6 

20 
6 
3 

2 

21 

24 
6 
12 
12 

1 


2,065 
749 


2 


578 


2 




1,280 




2,785 
891 


10 


1 

2 
2 
2 
1 
3 


1,067 

1,998 

1,146 

343 


1 

1 
6 


619 




607 


3 
3 
1 
3 

1 
4 




3 

7 


813 
666 


2 


236 




2 

9 
9 


1,337 
1,112 


7 


498 




654 
689 


2 


2 
1 

1 
3 


1 
8 

5 

31 

3 


1,016 

1,727 

330 


7 
2 
2 


616 


1 


463 




3 

4 
9 
1 
1 
5 


419 






1,021 
916 


4 
2 
1 


2 


1,296 
1,494 


1 



10 
24 
26 
13 
2 

18 
104 
37 

Incomplete 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



3 


3 


320 


189 


8 


126 


121 


358 


6 


24 


11 




6 


3 


129 


36 


3 


11 


633 


212 


6 


31 


18 


96 


93 


144 


3 


26 


29 


88 


21 


72 


216 


71 


10 


19 


18 


17 


27 


16 


292 


313 


7 


71 


44 


24 


67 


262 


60 


67 


10 


26 


6 


3 


13 


58 


25 


119 


49 


38 


3 


16 


27 


129 


65' 


178 


1 


93 


18 


11 


12 


63 


66 


62 


59 


133 


10 


43 


20 


66 


5 


26 


23 


37 


27 


6 


100 


36 


23 


6 


41 


32 



470 
563 
391 

224 
173 

250 
526 

429 



561 
381 
768 
269 
663 

100 
623 
114 
1,159 
337 

373 

789 
214 
184 
282 

748 
295 
324 
340 



229 
339 
692 
518 
130 



228 
209 
307 
117 

463 
266 
134 
254 
177 

487 
656 
124 
176 
200 

185 
359 
270 
444 
414 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



710 
601 
386 
370 
328 

223 
294 
387 

207 



116 

491 
281 
679 



Under 



921 
383 
643 

412 
263 

416 
349 
626 



576 
362 


991 
633 


423 


436 


358 


249 


266 


121 


137 


130 


606 


389 


471 


269 


901 


1,109 


224 


362 


482 


600 


266 


234 


303 


507 


445 


282 


264 


277 


419 


897 


326 


327 


162 


1.493 


811 


1,046 


268 


1,424 


465 


809 


634 


704 


862 


1,285 


405 


453 


131 


111 


323 


702 


275 


496 


346 


499 


189 


270 


66 


58 


595 


914 


484 


426 


198 


221 


218 


266 


311 


348 


363 


640 


750 


618 


89 


396 


303 


247 



Auto theft 



208 



Table 67. — Number of Offenses Known io the Police, 


7977, Cities and Towns 20,000 and Over in Population — Continued 




Total 
Crime 
Index 


Criminal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 


Larceny— theft 




City 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 


$50 and 
over 


Under 
$50 


Auto theft 


Cities 25,000 to 60,000 in 
population — Continued 

Lakeland, Fla 

Laliewood, N.J . 


2,038 
1,403 
1,352 
1,213 
697 

659 
1,344 
1,433 
1,601 

678 

402 
943 
544 
849 
662 

1,217 
672 

1,066 
271 
277 

775 
669 
632 
679 
1,354 

1,576 
785 
607 

314 

2,878 

1,486 
1,224 
1,187 
936 
1,367 

661 
765 
536 
673 
1,436 

972 
832 
1,056 
476 
626 

761 
999 
1,442 
867 
901 

1,319 
1,529 

683 
1,252 

269 


3 

1 


6 
3 


1 

11 
4 
2 
6 

2 
12 


65 
88 
23 
26 
13 

14 
53 
38 
26 
29 

11 
6 
6 
16 
11 

67 

ll 

1 
1 

20 
21 
11 
3 

42 

60 

31 

9 

9 
288 

81 
11 
13 
31 
31 

4 
8 

14 
7 

26 

34 
16 
9 
3 
6 

12 
56 
79 
16 
79 

16 
27 
13 
58 


146 
79 
17 
39 
27 

19 

163 

2 

68 
149 

9 
6 
7 
99 
6 

20 
26 
48 
10 

6 

24 
9 
45 
16 
67 

33 

81 
7 

4 
156 

19 
24 
19 
27 
23 

19 
3 
19 
10 
63 

10 
42 
29 

7 
8 

2 
31 

225 
18 

105 

46 

83 

8 

37 

7 


736 

699 
547 
467 
258 

246 
521 
617 
377 
166 

152 
367 
244 
289 
346 

603 

177 
556 
143 
114 

222 
221 
165 
298 
463 

727 
379 
266 

161 
1,005 

588 
439 
428 
319 

576 

267 
239 
126 
241 
697 

283 
312 
674 
177 
300 

256 
299 
673 
606 
358 

434 
643 
204 
488 
84 


898 
479 
615 
558 
324 

250 
422 
630 
843 
254 

176 
367 
182 
354 
192 

284 
366 
380 
96 
114 

406 
284 
338 
297 
670 

602 
219 
234 

120 
692 

642 
670 
696 
494 
569 

269 
462 
90 
300 
510 

465 
366 
304 
209 
237 

432 
431 
326 
222 
224 

668 
650 
237 
658 
168 


1,098 
416 
916 
496 
612 

239 
664 
846 
990 
287 

366 
347 

684 
761 
510 

496 
468 
1,430 
176 
49 

673 
147 
668 
601 
462 

426 

124 

1,216 

241 
385 

640 
313 
620 
673 
542 

633 

803 
427 
607 
689 

757 
833 
258 
240 
642 

481 
513 
456 
1,090 
356 

1,138 

1,184 

109 

642 

370 


190 
146 
146 


La Mesa, Calif 


La Mirada, Calif. 






121 


Lancaster, Ohio 


2 




67 


Lansing, 111 


1 


128 


La Puente, Calif . 


2 


171 


Las Cruces, N. Mex 


4 
6 


142 


Lawrence, Kans... 


1 
4 

1 
1 

1 
1 

1 


180 


Leavenworth, Kans... 


69 


Lebanon, Pa _. 




62 




1 




Lewiston, Idaho 


102 


Lewiston, Maine 




87 


Lexington, Mass 


3 

4 


105 


Linden, NJ . 


339 


Littleton, Colo 




97 


Livermore, Calif.. 


2 




7 


63 


Livingston, N.J 


3 


21 


Lockport, N.Y 




3 

11 

2 
4 
3 


42 


Lodi, Calif 


2 

1 




97 


Lodi, N.J 




129 


Lombard, III 




72 


Lompoc, Calif 






62 


Long Beach, N.Y 


4 


2 


207 


Long Branch, N.J 


151 


Longview, Tes 


3 




68 


Longview, Wash 


1 


88 


Lower Paxton Township, 
Pa 




30 


Lynwood, Calif. 


2 


6 

1 
4 
1 
1 

1 

1 


11 

2 

2 


4 
4 

1 
2 


724 


Madison Heights, Mich 


264 


Madison Township, N.J 

Manchester, Conn.. 


1 


177 
126 


Manhattan, Kans 

Manhattan Beach, Calif 


1 


60 
176 


Manitowoc, Wis 




21 


Mankato, Minn 


3 


48 


Maple Heights, Ohio . 




288 


Maplewood, Minn 








116 


Marietta, Ga 


7 

5 
2 


2 


4 

7 
1 
1 


228 


Marion, Ind... 


168 


Marion, Ohio 


1 


93 




139 


Marple Township, Pa 






80 




1 
3 


1 


2 


72 




47 


Massillon, Ohio 


1 
2 
5 

1 


8 
18 
1 
2 

12 
6 

1 
5 


174 


Maywood, III 




221 


Mc Allen, Tex 


1 
3 

1 
2 


104 




130 


Medford, Oreg. . 


143 




1 


118 




120 


Menlo Park, Calif 






106 


Menomonee Falls. Wis 






20 



209 



472-311 0-72-14 



Table 67.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1971, Cities and Towns 20,000 and Over in Populatioit— Continued 



City 



CUies UflOO to 60,000 in 
popuia/ion— Continued 



Mentor, Ohio 

Meridian, Miss 

Methuen , Mass 

Michigan, City, Ind. 
Middletown, Conn.. 



MIddletown, R.I 

Middletown, Ohio 

Middletown Township, Pa. 

Midland, Mich 

Midwest City, Okla 



MUlcreeli Township, Pa. 

Milpitas, Calif- — 

Milton, Mass 

Minnetonka, Minn 

Minot, N. Dak 



Misbawaka, Ind. 
Missoula. Mont.. 

MoUne, 111 

Monrovia, Calif. 
Montclalr, N.J.. 



MontebeUo , Calif 

Monterey, Calif 

Monterey Park, Calif. 

Moorhead, Minn 

Morgantown, W. Va_.. 



Morton Grove, 111 - 

Mount Lebanon Township, 

Pa - 

Mount Morris Township, Mich. 

Mount Prospect, 111 

Murfreesboro, Tenn 



Muskegon, Mich 

Muskogee, Okla 

Napa, Calif 

Natlck, Mass 

National City, CaUf. 



Needham, Mass -. 

Neptune Township, N.J . 

New Albany, Ind 

Newark, Calif 

Newark, Ohio 



New Berlin, Wis 

New Brunswick, N.J, 

Newburgh, N.Y 

New Castle, Pa 

New Iberia, La 



Newlngton, Conn... 
New London, Conn. 

Newport, Ky 

Newport, R.I.. 

Niles, m 



Normal, HI. 

Norristown, Pa,. 

Northampton, Mass. _, 

North Bergen Township, N.J. 
Northbrook, 111 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



627 

631 

1,146 

1,417 

1,169 

336 

1,699 

789 

671 

1,171 

474 
676 
423 
632 
476 



841 
1,147 
1,020 
1,333 

1,908 

1,472 

1,663 

867 

306 

629 

302 

681 

709 
482 

2,776 
1,398 
1,668 
742 
1,489 



1,260 

1,173 

722 

1,092 

361 
3,307 
2,199 
1,026 

296 

686 
1,371 
1,031 
1,962 

660 

176 

1,067 

637 

1,417 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Robbery 



9 
18 
2 
4 

180 

32 

24 

8 

104 

4 
78 
22 
18 
29 



137 
63 
4 

6 

70 
30 
60 

8 

2 
41 

6 
62 

1 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



7 

41 

22 

106 

117 

13 

33 

9 

13 

146 

10 
22 
6 
8 
14 



82 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



228 
336 

474 
476 
490 

109 
602 
371 
247 
344 

211 
361 
221 
182 
121 

291 
212 
488 
406 
662 

779 
442 
681 
297 
76 

193 



9 


164 


34 


191 


28 


186 


16 


174 


142 


1,210 


78 


629 


76 


680 


6 


274 


39 


606 


1 


231 


89 


647 


6 


331 


37 


363 


34 


417 


2 


228 


61 


1,266 


366 


889 


44 


434 


16 


171 


44 


267 


126 


617 


36 


466 


86 


736 


32 


196 


11 


99 


99 


328 


7 


lOT 


21 


432 


7 


166 



Larceny— theft 



$60 and 
over 



266 


437 


143 


834 


243 


481 


612 


649 


387 


379 


169 


182 


696 


1,013 


260 


307 


362 


960 


624 


618 


196 


SOS 


217 


602 


111 


67 


296 


273 


290 


662 


441 


811 


436 


1,288 


499 


826 


324 


390 


606 


367 


713 


386 


748 


631 


688 


466 


470 


611 


123 


96 



374 



349 

47 
327 
324 

461 
162 



Under 
$60 



279 



94 


110 


264 


244 


432 


488 


188 


183 


088 


1,460 


633 


634 


666 


1,019 


294 


327 


670 


969 


384 


262 


428 


413 


660 


703 


246 


933 


466 


699 


106 


193 


779 


904 


666 


486 


284 


318 


77 


467 


237 


260 


442 


362 


291 


477 



Auto theft 



363 

247 
287 
141 
340 
304 



210 



Table 67.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1971, Cities and Towns 20,000 and Over in Populafiorr— Continued 



City 



Cities 25,000 to 50,000 in 
pop!iJa((OK— Continued 

North Chicago, 111 

North Huntingdon Town- 
ship, Pa... 

North Kingstown, B.I 

North Las Vegas, Nev 

North Miami, Fla 

North Miami Beach, Fla... 

North Olmsted, Ohio.. 

North Tonawanda, N.Y 

Norwich, Conn. 

Norwood, Mass.. 

Norwood, Ohio 

Novato, Calif 

Nutley, N.J 

Oak Park, Mich... 

Oak Ridge, Tenn 

Oceanside, Calll 

Orange, N.J 

Orangetown, N.Y... 

Orem, Utah 

Ottumwa, Iowa 

Paciflca, Calil 

Paducah, Ky.. 

Panama City, Fla... 

Paramount, Calif 

Paramus, N.J 

Parkersburg, W. Va. 

Park Forest, 111.. 

Park Kidge,Ill 

Parma Heights, Ohio. 

Pascagoula, Miss — 

Peabody, Mass. 

Pekin, 111 

Penn.=;auken, N.J 

Perth Amboy, N.J 

Petersburg, Va 

Phenix City, Ala 

Piscataway Township, N.J. 

Plainfield, N.J.... 

Pocatello, Idaho 

Pompano Beach, Fla 

Ponca City. Okla 

Portage, Mich 

Port Chester, N.Y 

Port Huron, Mich 

Portsmouth, N.H 

Portsmouth, Ohio 

Pottstown, Pa 

Poughkeepsie, N.Y 

Poughkeepsie Town, N.Y.. 
Prairie Village, Kans 

Prichard, Ala.. 

Quincy, 111 

Radnor Township, Pa 

Rahway, N.J... 

Randolph, Mass. 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



634 

413 

254 
2,399 
2,151 

1,711 
449 
378 

1,291 



765 
727 
352 
1,006 
346 

1,760 

1,617 

752 

421 

390 

1,062 

676 

806 

1,987 

1,548 



281 
659 
461 
961 

1,127 
537 
1,547 
1,116 
1,088 

673 
1,0S9 
3,373 
1,677 
2,420 



486 

1,497 

839 

930 
646 

710 
601 



860 
626 
881 
311 



Criminal homicide 



Mtirder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Robbery 



32 



103 
141 
12 



5 

19 
21 
113 

28 



286 
27 
97 

3 

6 
41 
40 
18 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



19 

3 

104 

40 



10 



47 

30 

Incomplete 

7 4 

4 34 



Incomplete 
37 

8 
29 

7 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



Incomplete 



32 
27 

86 
102 
46 
21 
21 

23 

36 

96 

146 

5 

Incomplete 
6 
5 

24 
64 

32 
6 

18 
33 
141 

33 
23 

140 
5o 
138 



110 
27 
40 
17 



161 

179 
113 

949 
767 



88 
143 
605 



229 
361 
107 
401 
96 

777 
664 
300 
169 
149 

612 
240 
279 
738 



222 
134 
411 

671 
260 
664 
349 
631 

247 
404 
1,637 
034 
864 

160 
294 
243 
746 
327 

409 
162 



Larceny— theft 



$60 and 
over 



169 
118 
921 
954 

7(M: 

241 
140 
676 



312 
291 
183 



558 
445 
342 
188 
162 

371 
277 
353 
543 



87 
348 
220 
358 

187 
167 
481 
380 
186 

186 
417 
736 
881 
993 

131 
374 

47 
638 
366 

332 
236 



Under 
$60 



285 

207 
137 
770 
635 

617 
326 
191 
608 



282 
797 
168 
929 
341 

1.106 
421 
333 
827 
160 

488 



668 
917 



867 
461 
206 
296 

80 
483 
321 
239 
1,236 

297 

399 

674 

1,199 

1,002 

161 
647 
448 
1,067 
268 

663 
344 



Auto theft 



260 


397 


416 


205 


220 


263 


306 


380 


163 


174 


318 


152 


396 


192 


236 


90 


66 


60 



211 



Table 67. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1971, Cities and Towns 20,000 and Over in Population — Continued 



City 


Total 
Crime 
Index 


CitieiUpOO to 50,000 in 
popuWion— Continued 

Rantoul, 111 


201 


Rapid City, S. Dak 


1,446 




4t)5 


Redlands Calif 


1,496 


Renton, Wash 


1,282 
1,699 


Rialto Calif 


1,642 




804 




830 




234 







Richmond, Ind . 
Ridgewood. N.J. 
Ridley Twp, Pa. 
Rock Hill, S.C. 
Rosf Twp, Pa... 



Rockvillc Centre, N.Y. 
Rooky Mount, N.C... . 

Rome, Ga 

Rome, N.Y 

Rosemead, Calif 



Roseville, Minn 

Roscwell, N. Mex 

Rotterdam, N.Y 

Saginaw Township, Mich.. 
Saint Charles, Mo 



Saint Cloud, Minn 

Saint Louis Park, Minn. 

Salem, Mass -- 

Salina, Kans. 

San Biruno, Calif 



San Carlos, CaUt.. 

Sandusky, Ohio 

San Gabriel, Calif 

San Luis Obispo, Calif. 
San Rafael, Calif. 



Santa Craz, Calif.. 
Santa Fe, N. Mex.. 
Santa Maria, Calif. 

Sara.sota, Fla 

Saugus, Mass 



Sayreville, N.J 

Seaside, Calif 

Selnia, Ala 

Shaker Heights, Ohio.. 
Shaler Township, Pa. . 



Shawnee, Okla 

Sheboygan, Wis 

Shelby Township, Mich. 

Shelton, Conn. 

Sherman, Tex 



South EucUd, Ohio 

Southgate, Mich 

Southington, Conn 

South Saint Paul, Minn 

South San Francisco, Calif. 



1,264 
308 
927 
982 
665 



1,062 
986 
434 

1,470 

860 

1,077 

339 



991 

1,282 

1,343 

603 

902 

797 
607 
851 
712 
2,211 

2,109 
2,400 
1,078 
2,033 
1,033 

601 
1,003 

804 
1,283 

240 

428 
637 
650 
396 



197 
1,235 

668 

499 

1,508 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Robbery 



Incomplete 
21 
15 
7 
62 



7 

10 
3 
9 
Incomplete 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



129 

150 

4 

156 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



9 


5 


25 


16 


37 


46 


5 


17 


27 


14 


19 


5 


36 


38 


46 


27 


10 


9 


33 


24 


82 


147 


17 


83 


14 


79 


27 


98 


1? 




8 


5 


68 


49 


18 


167 


87 


39 


1 


4 


8 


39 


2 


9 


9 


44 


3 


18 


5 


1 


7 


2 


36 


39 


6 


6 


6 


4 


42 


27 



74 
514 
158 
627 
469 

590 
880 
289 
313 
90 

405 
167 
267 
533 
225 



429 
397 
131 
553 

130 
378 
129 
314 



349 
310 
532 

217 

448 

233 
231 
333 
323 

560 

720 
595 
490 
1,016 
266 

222 
476 
299 
292 
128 

192 
291 
240 
206 
125 

85 
289 
265 
137 
579 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



206 
700 
644 



368 
368 
131 

632 
99 
317 
279 
271 



346 
298 
239 
418 

569 
553 
165 
333 



532 
814 
462 
216 
214 

445 
211 
320 
280 
1,293 



1,376 
394 
728 
489 

284 
295 
274 
342 
58 

110 
275 
299 
126 
204 

55 
724 
224 
278 
650 



Under 
$60 



364 
901 
310 

887 
787 

111 
592 
953 
324 
340 

1,104 

74 

498 

508 

166 



418 
291 
218 
576 

598 
513 
218 
360 



1,777 
953 
627 
786 
595 

408 

1,031 

392 

129 

1,046 

926 
176 
341 
992 
237 

178 
236 
377 
522 
171 

124 
1,213 
268 
112 
199 

171 
652 
189 
216 
551 



Auto theft 



212 



Table 67. — Number o 


f Offenses Known to the Police, 


1971, Cities and Towns 20,000 and Over in Population — Continued 




Total 
Crime 
Index 


Criminal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary — 
breaking 
or entering 


Larceny— theft 




City 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 


$50 and 
over 


Under 
$60 


Auto theft 


Cities 15,000 to 50,000 in 
population— Conim-aei 


2,169 
783 
621 
672 
816 

614 

944 

1,806 

1,042 

867 

679 
898 
702 
1,415 
333 

1,760 
616 

1,774 
949 
440 

717 
842 
1,106 
669 
346 

862 

610 

266 

1,371 

1,302 

669 
863 
1,612 
799 
224 

768 
690 
492 
362 
485 

630 
431 

764 
738 

299 

804 
337 
817 
688 
1,223 

996 
1,423 
360 
295 
936 


9 

1 


2 


19 
4 
2 

10 
3 

1 
9. 
1 
4 

8 

8 
5 
9 
4 
2 

4 


70 
13 
13 
6 
33 

7 

8 

24 

42 

36 

18 
31 
29 
28 
2 

31 

8 
122 
24 
11 

40 
21 
28 
11 
1 

13 

17 

4 

61 

34 

15 
14 
24 
11 
8 

18 
2 
4 
2 

12 

14 

1 

4 
4 
8 

27 
16 
13 
16 
8 

10 
24 
10 
3 

29 


222 
42 
18 
39 
14 

12 
65 
28 

14 
71 

46 

76 

91 

246 

5 

28 
16 
19 
34 
14 

33 

86 
46 
63 
6 

7 
73 
12 
41 
64 

17 
12 
43 
36 


820 
412 
149 
203 
359 

181 
323 

728 
444 
320 

277 
308 
309 
539 
130 

612 
265 
961 
340 
188 

324 
311 

487 
208 
124 

315 

247 
134 
410 

779 

289 
377 
508 
332 
69 

338 
228 
148 
133 
234 

268 
179 

372 
213 

118 

292 
132 
275 
267 
543 

365 
429 
117 
176 
612 


736 
249 
201 
268 
343 

266 
373 
638 
447 
334 

267 
389 
187 
610 
149 

861 
164 
377 
447 
200 

281 
338 
432 
223 
187 

118 
203 

82 
602 
286 

277 
317 
807 
312 
103 

281 
295 
279 
163 

178 

154 
191 

317 
413 
109 

268 
91 
202 
239 
648 

429 
619 
166 
91 
243 


992 
902 
369 
490 
483 

410 
1,067 
210 
432 
659 

290 
302 
468 
613 
146 

1,002 
630 

1,149 
877 
987 

367 
396 

662 
224 
196 

103 

584 

226 

604 

1,486 

173 
361 
996 
371 
105 

200 
464 
687 
799 
413 

129 
87 

236 
259 
463 

444 
137 
134 
189 
486 

609 
252 
206 
448 
386 




Springfield, Oreg 


62 


Springfield Township, Pa 


1 


138 


State College, Pa 




46 


Steubenville, Ohio 






64 


Stillwater, Okla.-- 


2 




46 


Superior, Wis 




176 






2 


487 


Teaneck Township, N.J 




91 


Temple, Tex 


3 

1 
7 
10 
1 
1 




88 


Temple City, CaUf 




63 


Texarkana, Tex 


1 

1 
2 
2 

1 
6 


83 


Texas City, Tex - 


67 


Titusville, Fla.... 


88 




44 


Troy, Mich _ 


214 


Trumbull, Conn 




73 


University City, Mo.. 


1 
I 


11 

1 
2 

4 
8 
6 
1 


293 


Upland, CaUf 




102 


Upper Arlington, Ohio 




25 


Urbana, 111 


1 
2 


1 
2 
1 


34 


Valdosta, Ga 


76 




108 


Vernon, Conn 




63 


Vestal, N.Y 






28 


Vicksburg, Miss 


6 






94 


Victoria, Tex_ 


6 


4 
3 
13 
6 

1 
4 
7 
7 


66 


Villa Park, 111. 




30 




1 
3 


6 


243 


Visalia, Calif.. 


131 


Wakefield, Mass 


2 
1 


70 


Wallingtord, Conn 




129 


Walnut Creek, CaUf 




123 


Warminster Township, Pa 




1 


101 


Warner Robins, Ga 




64 


Watertown, Mass 




1 


2 
3 
3 
1 

5 

1 
2 

2 

1 
2 

3 


9 
12 

1 
23 

9 

11 

4 

16 
7 
13 

129 
13 
10 
3 
11 

17 
48 
8 
16 
73 


123 


Watertown, N.Y 


2 
3 


48 


Waukesha, Wis 




67 






40 


Webster Groves, Mo 


3 

2 




44 


Weirton, W. Va 




80 


Wellesley, Mass 




54 


West Bloomfleld Township, 
Mich. 






54 


Westfleld, Mass ... 




3 

1 


100 


Westfield,N.J.. 

West Memphis, Ark. 


& 

4 
1 


44 
81 


West Mifflin, Pa 


2 


84 


West New York, N.J. 


3 
3 


314 




1 


1 
2 

3 


59 


Westport, Conn 


113 


West Seneca, N.Y 




1 
1 
1 


184 


West Springfield, Mass 




302 


Wethersfield, Conn 






68 


Wheaton, 111 






10 


Wheat Ridge, Colo 






12 


67 



213 



Table 67.— Number of Offenses Known to fhe Police, 1971, Cities and Towns 20,000 and Over in Population— Continued 




Total 
Crime 
Index 


Criminal liomicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 


Larceny 


—theft 




City 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 


$50 and 
over 


Under 
$50 


Auto theft 


Cities 15,000 to 50,000 in 
popuiafion— Continued 

Whpplinc W Va 


810 
853 
1,167 
979 
734 

606 
2,793 
968 
462 
733 

691 

985 

610 

2,984 

1,430 

1,399 
618 

526 
530 
989 
488 
510 

432 

251 
624 
230 
603 

326 
607 
806 
1,393 
414 

666 
220 
517 
661 
288 

610 
338 

477 
637 
851 

591 
279 
688 
663 
901 

1,131 
172 
117 

1,086 
505 


2 






62 
36 
75 
12 
21 

3 

139 
13 
6 
11 

12 
21 
22 
129 
95 

54 
27 

6 
10 
14 
2 
7 

2 
6 

13 
2 

14 

1 
4 
15 
32 
2 

46 
1 

25 
9 

13 

22 
8 
3 
6 

59 

13 

4 
14 

6 
26 

59 
3 
3 

8 
2 


22 
13 

22 
22 
27 

5 

302 

216 

18 


260 
367 
420 
376 
443 

230 
1,198 
221 
144 
221 

201 
386 
169 
1,136 
839 

602 
251 

160 
245 
430 
244 
229 

202 
98 

198 
83 

247 

121 
293 
326 

818 
167 

302 
84 
232 
273 
112 

230 
196 
219 
243 
210 

194 
79 
193 
183 
235 

431 
82 
73 

306 

224 


411 
280 
229 
490 
182 

221 
837 
401 
261 
241 

208 
442 
263 
1,306 
284 

593 

178 

299 
235 
295 
182 
181 

135 

84 
310 
102 
247 

164 
163 
326 
319 
216 

163 
103 
178 
265 

76 

297 
69 
187 
240 
208 

226 
139 

282 
369 
468 

303 

46 

20 

380 

226 


388 
677 
290 
919 
173 

962 
876 
749 
400 
162 

100 
1,146 

601 
2,884 
1.033 

769 
432 

356 
881 
227 
697 
346 

307 
81 
154 
199 
430 

227 
369 
697 
500 
204 

264 
146 
240 
260 
423 

497 
182 
71 
376 
276 

280 
554 
290 
222 
695 

374 
174 
192 
681 
294 


53 


Whitphall Ohio 




4 
8 
2 
4 

4 
11 
2 
3 


153 


Wilkinsbure Pa 




2 

4 


403 






77 


Willingboro Township, N.T..-. 
Wilmette 111 




57 






42 


Wilmington N.C 


16 
6 


4 


290 


Wilson N.C 


110 






30 








260 




2 


1 
1 
2 
6 


1 
2 
2 
8 
8 

18 

1 

1 
6 

1 


17 
20 
14 
176 
77 

88 


260 




114 




4 
1 
6 

4 


56 


Yakima Wash 


229 


Ypsilanti Mich 


121 




1 
4 


140 




61 


Cities 20,000 to 25,000 in 
population 

Addison 111 




16 

8 
26 

8 
71 

20 
22 
66 
7 
66 

19 
5 
5 

37 

9 

24 
6 

14 
8 

16 

21 
42 
16 
4 
49 

111 

16 

47 

14 

9 

66 
9 
6 
5 
6 


45 


Adrian Mich 






26 


Agawam, Mass 






223 


Alamogordo, N. Mex 


1 


1 
1 


51 


4 

1 


18 


Andover, Mass - 




72 








41 




2 




1 


34 


Ashland Ohio 




36 


Ashtabula Ohio 






2 

6 
1 
2 
14 
5 

4 


38 




4 




12 






41 








132 


Barnstable Mass 






173 


Battle Creek Township, Mich- 






15 


Bell Calif 




1 


137 




1 


25 


Bellwood,Ill 




1 
3 
3 


67 


Belmont, Calif --. 






93 








68 


Berkley, Mich 






40 


Bethanv Okla 








24 








2 
3 
3 

5 

1 
2 
1 
7 

14 


51 




1 
1 




40 


Blue Island 111 




321 


BlythevlUe, Ark _. 




42 


Bowling Green, Ohio 






40 


Bradenton, Fla 


2 
2 

1 

6 
1 


3 


48 


Branford , Conn 


89 






166 


Bridgeton, N.J 


3 


263 


Bristol Tenn 


31 


Brookfleld 111 






16 


Burlington, Mass 






1 
1 


386 


Bumsville, Minn 






46 



214 



Table 61.— Number of Offenses Known to fhe Police, 1971, Cities and Towns 20,000 and Over in Population— Coniinued 



City 




Cities SO,000 to 15,000 in 
popuZafiow— Continued 

Cahokia, 111. 

Campbell, Calif. 

Carbondak, 111 

Carlsbad, N. Mex 

Cannel, N.Y 

Carteret, NJ.. , 

Chico, Calif ., 

Cliino, Calif... 

Claremont, Calif 

Colton, Calif- 

Columbia, Tenn... 

Columbia Heights, Minn 

Coronado, Calif... 

Corsicana, Tex. , 

Coventry, R.I. 

Cudahy, Wis.. 

Dalien, Conn 

Davis, Calif.. 

Decatur, Ga...... 

Deerfleld, 111 

Delray Beach, Fla 

Denison, Tex 

Dcpew, N.Y 

Deptford Township, N.J 

Dodge City, Kans 

Dover, N.H 

Duncan, Okla 

Eastchester, N.Y 

East Liverpool, Ohio 

East iVIohne, lU.... 

East Paterson, N.J.. 

Edmonds, Wash 

Elk Grove Village, 111 

Emporia, Kans 

Englewood, N.J. 

Eureka, Calif 

Fairfax, Va 

Fairview Park, Ohio 

Farmington, N. Mex 

Fontana, Calif 

Fort Walton Beach, Fla 

Frankfort, Ky 

Frankhn Park, 111 

Frederick, Md 

Fremont, Nebr 

Gladstone, Mo 

Glastonbury, Conn 

Glen Ellyn, 111 

Glenview, 111 

Golden Valley, Minn 

Grand Junction, Colo 

Greenfield, Wis 

Grsenville, Tex 

Greenwood, Miss 

Greenwood, S.C 



492 

1,300 

1,201 

666 

314 

583 
1,443 
634 
859 
519 

187 
649 
452 
314 
485 

363 
379 
686 
642 
479 

1,203 
263 
250 
484 
159 

322 

270 
306 
426 
505 

456 
716 
293 
454 
1,379 

1,030 
871 
271 
765 

1,109 

666 
611 
624 
693 
282 

426 
348 
392 
236 
690 

609 
676 
496 
611 
293 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Robbery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



7 


5 


26 


38 


39 


71 


7 


13 


3 


18 


48 


49 


17 


35 


14 


45 


13 


7 


25 


25 


2 


17 


16 


1 


3 


2 


6 


16 


1 


46 


4 


2 


9 




6 


18 


24 


106 


2 


16 


40 


138 


10 


39 


2 


1 


21 


9 


3 


6 


4 


17 


3 


13 


10 


5 


13 


2 


20 


32 


15 


14 


3 


24 


1 


10 


9 


10 


79 


36 


20 


41 


11 


23 


7 


24 


19 


131 


45 


37 



9 
53 
9 
107 
11 

36 
4 
6 
1 
5 



2 
GO 
168 
105 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



Larceny— theft 



240 
414 
531 
313 
148 

229 
366 
283 
261 



119 
227 
160 
203 
171 

106 
168 
244 
302 
164 

521 
77 
92 

209 



97 
04 
82 
166 
171 

146 

283 

87 



340 
173 
59 
301 
643 

201 
231 
194 
276 
123 

144 
196 
119 



313 

184 
198 
202 
113 



$60 and 
over 



Under 
$50 



203 
703 
396 
274 
117 

169 
872 
216 
520 
135 

34 

304 
279 
70 
204 

217 
182 
360 
103 



428 
81 
S3 

175 
50 

157 
140 
157 
171 
237 

190 
349 
160 
256 



641 
440 
70 
252 
226 

297 
167 
224 
143 
120 

191 
117 
238 
115 
344 

216 
296 
198 
166 
37 



Auto theft 



534 
616 
396 
127 

166 
968 
282 
689 
85 



722 
91 
204 

476 
72 
662 
171 



276 
271 
142 
247 

327 

255 
29 
266 
251 

245 
382 
281 
692 
294 

806 
464 
409 
326 
899 

375 
160 
171 
633 
350 

173 
273 
372 
260 
273 

851 
359 
324 
167 
233 



215 



Table 67.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1971, Cities and Towns 20,000 and Over in Population — Continued 



City 



Cities 10,000 to 15,000 in 
population— Continued 



Griffin, Qa --- - 

Qrosse Polnte Woods, Mich. 

Haiiandale, Fla -.-- 

Harper Woods, Micii 

Harrison, N.Y 



H astlngs, Nehr. 

Hazel Park, Mich 

Hazlet Township, N.J., 

Helena, Mont 

Henderson, Ky 



Highland, Ind 

Hillside Township, NJ. 

Hobart, Ind 

Hoflraan Estates, 111 

Homewood, Ala 



Hopewell, Va 

Hopkinsville, Ky 

Imperial Beach, Calif-. 
Jacksonville, 111 -.. 

Jeffersonville, Ind 



Johnston, R.I -. 

Kalamazoo Township, Mich-. 

Keene, N.H 

Kenmore, N.Y 

Kinston, N.C -- 



Lafayette, Calif... 
La Grange, Ga-.. 
Lake Worth, Fla.. 

La Porte, Ind 

Laramie, Wyo 



Largo, Fla 

Laurel, Miss 

Lawndale, Calif-. 

Logan, Utah 

Longmont, Colo-. 



Los Altos, Calif-.. 
Los Gatos, Calif- - 

Lufkin, Tex 

Lynbrook, N.Y-- 
Lyndhurst, Ohio- 



Lyndhurst Township, N.J. 
Maplewood Township, N.J. 

Marquette, Mich 

Marshall, Tex 

Mattoon, 111 



McCandless Township, Pa. 

Melrose Park, 111 

Merced, Calif 

Middletown, N.Y 

MiUbrae, Calif... 



MiUbum Township, N.J.. 

MilUngton, Tenn 

Mill vi lie, N.J 

Miramar, Fla 

Monroe, Mich 



Total 
Crime 

Index 



476 

406 

1,791 

699 



223 
1,126 
367 
426 
669 

406 
742 
603 
202 
624 

336 

997 
387 
396 
716 

699 
419 
312 
132 
B50 

723 
204 
1,072 
334 
366 

666 
706 
1,216 
197 
447 

790 
1,076 
762 
347 
146 

360 
369 
366 
444 
169 

223 

794 

1,221 

726 



426 
163 
610 
846 
487 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Robbery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



121 

7 
16 



72 

12 

7 

99 

7 
16 
32 
42 
30 

36 
180 
26 
17 
16 

49 

20 

6 

3 

112 



23 

29 

3 

10 

81 

182 

126 

6 

26 

28 
22 
107 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



Larceny— theft 



$60 and 
over 




218 

72 

686 

169 

99 

29 
336 
149 
169 
232 

67 
274 
147 



128 
315 

197 
204 
307 

216 
216 
134 
73 
226 

408 
46 

373 
77 

131 

271 
220 
616 
40 
123 

316 
369 
306 
117 
74 

122 
161 
142 
236 



110 
199 
616 
240 
237 

122 
70 
192 
367 
180 



Under 
$60 



169 


336 


311 


461 


664 


666 


272 


1,004 


149 


69 


172 


248 


422 


731 


184 


192 


178 


639 


266 


367 


203 


618 


263 


267 


379 


62 


76 


99 


289 


448 


129 


391 


434 


664 


62 


462 


129 


292 


234 


408 


316 


193 


164 


210 


146 


494 


11 


279 


232 


272 


263 


222 


96 


223 


688 


609 


210 


497 


197 


427 


262 


479 


242 


377 


297 


269 


134 


398 


264 


648 


398 


346 


667 


396 


303 


444 


130 


46 


46 


66 


164 


86 


142 


144 


170 


461 


164 


210 


46 


186 


86 


113 


363 


462 


408 


1,449 


277 


438 


617 


267 


279 


147 


63 


48 


301 


276 


340 


194 


222 


432 



Auto theft 



216 



Table 67.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1971, Cities and Towns 20,000 and Over in Population— ConUnued 



City 



Cities 10,000 to 15,000 in 
popvXation — Continued 

Montclair, Calif _ 

Morristown, Tenn 

Mount Clemens, Mich 

Mount Pleasant, Mich 

Mount Pleasant, N.Y 

Murray, Utah 

Muscatine, Iowa_.- _ 

Nacogdoches, Tex 

Nampa, Idaho _ 

Naperville, 111 _., 

Neenah, Wis 

Newark, Del 

New Brighton, Minn 

New Castle, Ind _ 

New Hope, Minn 

New Kensington, Pa 

New Miltord, N.J 

Niles, Ohio 

North Haven, Conn 

North Plainfleld, NJ 

North Providence, R.I 

Norton Shores, Mich 

Ocala, ria 

Orange, Tex 

Ossining, N.Y 

Oswego, N.Y 

Overland, Mo 

Palm Springs, Calif 

Pampa, Tex 

Paris, Tex 

Pemberton Township, N.J.. 

Petaluma, CaUf__ 

Pinellas Park, Fla 

Piqua, Ohio.. 

Pittsburg, Calif. 

Pittsburg, Kans 

Placentia, CaUf 

Plainview, Tex 

Plantation, Fla 

Pleasant Hill, CaUf 

Pullman, Wash 

Reading, Mass 

Riviera Beach, Fla 

Rocky River, Ohio 

Rolling Meadows, 111 

Roselle, N.J 

Rutherford, N.J 

Salem, N.H 

Salem, Va 

SaUsbury, N.C _. 

Sanford, Fla 

San Pablo, Calif. 

Schaumburg, 111 

Scotch Plains, N.J 

Seal Beach, Calif... 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



1,056 
230 

1,287 
164 



672 
326 



664 
264 



286 
818 



637 

447 



471 
264 



364 
609 



627 
960 
836 
177 

73 

783 

1,836 

337 

633 

319 

1,019 

634 

310 

1,346 

630 
733 

298 
989 
817 

216 
333 

1,326 
181 
401 

433 
379 
338 
736 
260 



2,049 
398 
447 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Robbery 



18 

2 

120 

1 

4 

6 
6 

10 
6 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



78 
41 
160 
26 

6 
26 
68 
26 
44 

9 
27 
17 

2 
96 

6 

10 
28 

2 
19 



117 

7 

76 

1 
4 
64 
97 
28 

21 

241 

3 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



377 
86 
423 
129 
107 

167 
105 
142 
232 



137 
269 
125 
162 
187 

131 

86 
180 
147 
244 

317 
230 

649 

348 

79 



246 
850 
144 
289 

166 
280 
376 
167 
646 

433 
237 
121 
237 
318 

81 
140 
653 
52 
76 

196 
94 
498 
259 
109 

395 
667 
166 
232 
380 



Larceny— theft 



$60 and 
over 



451 


603 


126 


180 


699 


761 


11 


489 


129 


61 


313 


645 


186 


478 


226 


220 


362 


808 


138 


289 


122 


1,017 


402 


676 


220 


191 


232 


467 


217 


312 


174 


164 


140 


107 


529 


222 


159 


211 


260 


184 


311 


167 


189 


326 


265 


618 



243 
21 



Under 
$50 



298 



16 


266 


340 


491 


677 


642 


141 


263 


262 


510 


101 


68 


603 


771 


206 


416 


102 


593 


444 


664 


163 


238 


425 


569 


128 


200 


629 


718 


338 


1,348 


123 


166 


116 


165 


436 


509 


85 


184 


212 


278 


HI 


76 


231 


213 


141 


76 


337 


234 


83 


122 


353 


436 


851 


1,320 


214 


362 


163 


469 


608 


379 



Auto theft 



217 



Table 67. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1971, Cities and Towns 20,000 and Over in Population — Continued 





Total 

Crime 
Index 


Criminal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 


Larceny 


—theft 




City 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 


$60 and 
over 


Under 
$60 


Auto theft 


Cities 20,000 to 25,000 in 
population — Continued 


711 
661 
399 
399 

264 

830 
667 
332 
830 
277 

165 
212 
610 
636 

88 

288 
430 
643 
184 
337 

469 
480 
268 
1,069 
679 

349 

686 

477 
790 
377 

697 
694 
860 
291 
188 

784 
424 
436 
202 
361 

226 
665 
423 
1,270 
180 

772 








16 
20 

6 
12 

2 

26 
14 

2 
18 

4 

4 
7 
2 
19 
6 

2 

6 

21 


45 
26 

7 
20 

7 

14 
3 

6 
29 


276 
190 
182 
147 
84 

427 
219 
122 
289 
166 

76 
113 
181 

277 
44 

66 

240 

311 

61 

76 

168 
163 
96 
426 
194 

126 
164 

204 
230 
133 

280 

262 

242 

68 

60 

269 
100 
170 
84 
126 

71 
260 
178 
321 

68 

374 


336 
243 

179 
176 
107 

282 
267 
152 
397 
96 

18 

68 

363 

119 

20 

187 
94 
169 
110 
191 

211 
263 
100 
496 
302 

167 
293 

176 
489 
181 

229 
335 
408 
214 
104 

346 
221 
216 
66 
141 

87 
299 
167 
761 

61 

267 


393 
429 
182 
109 
674 

349 
378 
268 
660 
162 

24 
347 
687 
296 

12 

134 
264 
376 
496 
221 

188 
360 
328 
624 
762 

174 
408 

214 

684 
276 

618 
951 
620 
339 
104 

616 
197 
376 
162 
253 

268 
298 
381 

677 
82 

1,007 


38 




1 

1 




2 
2 
1 
2 

6 
2 
2 
6 
1 

1 


69 


phf^wTiPo TTfins 




23 


South Holland, 111 - . 




44 


South Milwaukee, Wis 


1 




61 






78 


South Plalnfleld N.J 


2 
2 
2 
1 

2 




60 


South Portland, Maine. 




46 


Sparks, Nev . . 




89 


Springfield Township, Pa 

StatesviUe N.C 




21 




16 
23 
27 


40 


Staunton Va 




11 


Stevens Point, Wis 




1 
1 
1 


1 
2 
3 


36 




1 


117 


Stoughton, Mass 


11 

3 

46 
86 


5 


fiiTTTiTnitr, N,iT 




30 




6 

4 






38 






6 


46 


Tiffin Ohio 




23 


Tonawanda N.Y 








6 

6 
7 
2 
12 
11 

8 
11 

14 
13 

4 

6 
6 
21 

1 
3 

16 
6 
6 
2 

4 

1 

10 
11 
36 
10 

17 


17 

16 
6 

23 
27 
11 

13 

7 

28 
13 
1 

16 
31 
33 

1 
14 

14 

34 

11 

9 

6 

8 
16 
22 
67 

8 

27 


47 


Tredyffrin Township, Pa 

Trenton, Mich 


1 


1 


2 
1 
3 
3 
2 

1 
1 


67 
60 




3 
1 

2 




32 


Tustin Calif 




104 


'TipiTi Falls Tdahn 




67 


University Park, Tex. ... 


1 
1 


34 


Upper Merion Township, Pa.. 

Upper Moreland Township, 

Pa 


1 


118 
66 


VEicaville Calif 


2 




1 
2 

1 
2 
6 


42 






66 




1 
3 

2 




66 


Walla Walla Wash 




66 




2 
4 


149 


Webster, N.Y 


17 






1 
6 


6 






1 
6 


143 




1 


63 


White Bear Lake Minn 




33 


Wlrklifle Ohio 








61 


Willoughby, Ohio 

Willowick, Ohio 






1 

1 
3 


74 


1 




67 






87 


WlpHsnr Onnn 


2 
1 




53 


Winter Park, Fla 


1 


2 


82 




43 


Woodland Calif 


1 




2 


84 









1 Larceny flgure^i unclassified. 

All Michigan agencies include offenses reported by the Michigan State Police. 



218 



Table 68. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1971, Universities 



University 



Arizona State University 

University of California: 

Berkeley 

Davis - --. 

Irvine --- 

Los Angeles i _.- 

Medical School— San Francisco 

Riverside 

San Diego - 

Santa Barbara --. 

Santa Cruz... 

Colorado State University 

Northern lUlnois University. 

University of Maryland 

Central Michigan University... 

Eastern Michigan University 

Ferris State College, Michigan 

Michigan State University 

University of Minnesota 

University of Mississippi 

University of Nebraska.. 

University of Nevada 

New Mexico State University 

Kent State University, Ohio 

Oklahoma State University 

University of Oklahoma 

Slippery Rock State College, Pennsylvania. 

Southwest Texas State University 

University of Texas, Arlington 

Austin 

El Paso 

Galveston 

Houston 

Medical School, San Antonio 

University of Wisconsin: 

Madison 

Milwaukee,. 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



788 

946 
264 
218 
1,170 
251 
232 
286 
206 
296 
634 
276 
804 
189 
386 
246 
1,478 
1,110 
89 
274 
142 
198 
317 
236 
656 
77 
86 
89 
676 
182 
43 
48 
5 

804 
224 



Criminal homicide 



Mmder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Robbery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Burglary- 
breaking or 
entering 



110 



97 
313 
36 
20 
29 
71 
126 
38 
64 
92 
20 
42 
35 
677 
138 
10 



72 
12 
43 
22 
164 
23 
1 
33 
159 
107 



314 
35 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



568 

819 

180 

111 

731 

180 

182 

249 

124 

167 

471 

194 

647 

166 

308 

198 

754 

898 

72 

266 

63 

168 

233 

199 

470 

61 

69 

49 

462 

47 

35 

35 

5 

467 
179 



Under 
$60 



442 

1,216 
861 
104 
696 
163 
195 
213 
992 

86 
416 
316 
689 
222 
483 
212 
1,268 
776 

44 
210 

64 
220 
436 



26 
46 
46 
444 
82 
66 
93 



401 

276 



Auto 
theft 



54 

9 

7 

100 

29 

20 



7 
10 
10 

8 
79 

2 
16 

2 
49 
32 

1 

7 
11 
U 
27 
12 

9 



14 
2 
37 
23 
3 



13 
1 



' Offenses also included in city of Los Angeles figures. 



219 



Table 69. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1971, Suburban Counties 





Total 
Crime 
Index 


Criminal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 


Larceny 


—theft 




County by State 


Miirder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 


$60 and 
over 


Under 
$50 


Auto theft 


ALABAMA 


343 

2,079 
88 
109 
688 
109 

3,069 
2,662 

70 

307 

162 

2,241 

260 

4,284 
7,814 
7,371 
7,479 

46,732 
2,699 
2,890 
996 
6,186 
1,364 
7,461 

19,024 
9,939 
7,629 
8,727 
4,247 
3,616 
8,116 
2,940 
990 
4,166 
2,980 
8,210 
1,818 

2,607 
990 
1,099 
1,776 
1,462 
816 

2,729 
4,868 

939 
6,936 
30,379 


3 

10 






1 
61 


46 

69 

7 

1 

42 

2 

393 
202 

6 

39 
60 
176 
79 

188 
329 
346 
342 
8,026 

89 
136 

88 
304 

10 
399 
492 
420 
170 
202 
128 
173 
314 

96 

49 
194 
168 
160 

48 

116 
22 

106 
67 
86 
93 

189 
199 

100 

381 

2,343 


269 

1,128 

28 

68 

348 
39 

1,110 
989 

33 

120 

46 

1,046 

97 

2,060 
3,777 
3,618 
3,428 
20,646 

934 
1,424 

833 
2,700 

696 
4,108 
6,714 
6,692 
3,437 
2,927 
2,102 
1,467 
3,381 
1,687 

429 
2,249 
1,608 
2,603 

772 

974 
483 
440 
631 
812 
208 

1.102 
1,767 

368 
3,187 
10,666 


10 

663 

23 

40 
248 

67 

1,133 
1,031 

26 
119 

34 
651 

60 

1,296 
2,564 
2,362 
2,914 
10,643 
1,298 
1,014 

301 
1,575 

652 
2,023 
9,329 
2,600 
2,948 
1,926 
1,224 
1,664 
3,372 

910 

406 
1,189 

801 
2,083 

769 

1,020 
397 
427 
832 
344 
144 

940 
2,027 

330 

1,309 
11,271 


16 

61 
18 
16 
80 
20 

683 
802 

96 
46 
29 
393 
49 

927 
2,098 
1,671 
4,109 
9,894 
1,047 

872 

216 
2,516 

382 
3,029 
4,677 
2,879 
2,388 
1,414 
1,276 
1,766 
2,674 
1,212 

179 
1,264 
1,373 
2,418 

710 

836 
397 
221 
803 
882 
139 

1,244 
2,326 

134 
2,413 
8,220 


24 




2 

1 


32 


119 














2 


Mobile 


8 




8 
6 

60 
60 


13 

1 

49 
48 

1 
8 
3 
91 
4 

143 

189 

144 

180 

2,316 

82 

98 

8 

94 

14 

194 

376 

193 

114 

163 

133 

40 

136 

41 

20 

72 

84 

67 

88 

83 
16 
17 
32 
31 
10 

77 
122 

27 

320 

1,792 


24 


Shelby 


1 

38 

1 


4 


ARIZONA 
Maricopa 


4 
3 

3 

2 
4 
6 
2 

8 
8 
13 

18 
128 


320 




329 


ARKANSAS 


3 






10 

3 
46 

6 

43 
33 
68 
63 

608 
16 
19 
8 
39 
3 
87 

100 
81 
63 
42 
24 
48 
86 
16 
10 
47 
31 
47 
16 

38 
6 
33 
32 
28 
11 

10 
21 

28 
68 
112 


9 


Miller 




13 


Pulaski 


7 


228 




13 


CALIFORNIA ' 




647 




2 


657 




833 


Kern - - - 


1 
2 


544 


Los Angeles 


7,669 


Marin, -.. 


213 




4 

2 

8 

1 

18 

13 

18 

18 

12 

7 

8 

6 

6 

1 

6 

6 

7 

3 

10 
1 
2 
2 
2 
1 


1 


198 




69 


Orange - .. . 




469 


Placer 




89 






628 






2,001 




1 


1,038 


San Diego 


789 






466 




1 

1 


629 




231 


Santa Clara 


821 






216 


Solano -_ 


1 


76 




399 


Stanislaus 




286 




1 


343 


Yolo 


162 


COLORADO 




400 






66 




1 


74 


El Paso 


179 






192 


Pueblo 




49 


DELAWARE 

New Castle 


1 
4 


411 


New Castle State Police 

FLORIDA 


2 

10 
29 
76 


727 
76 




1 
60 


662 


Dade 


4,119 



See footnotes at end of table. 



220 



Table 69.— Number of Offenses Known fo the Police, 1971, Suburban Counties— Continued 



County by State 



FLORIDA— Con. 

Escambia 

Hillsborough 

Lee ._ 

Leon __ 

Orange 

Palm Beach 

Pinellas. 

Polk 

Santa Rosa.. 

Sarasota ._ 

Seminole 

Volusia 

GEORGIA 

Bibb 

Chatham _ 

Clayton __. 

Cobb 

De Kalb 

Dougherty 

Fulton 

Richmond. 

HAWAH 

Honolulu 

IDAHO 
Ada 

ILLINOIS 

Champaign 

Cook. 

Du Page.. 

Henry 

Lake 

McHenry 

McLean 

Macon 

Madison 

Peoria 

Rock Island 

Sangamon 

Tazewell 

Winnebago 

INDIANA 

Allen 

Allen State PoUce 

Clark State Police.. 

Clay 

Clay State Pohce 

Hancock... 

Hancock State Police 

Lake 

Lake State Police... 

Madison ,., 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



6,631 
6,118 

2,232 
681 
6,654 
4,168 
3,101 

4,718 
226 
1,820 
1,622 
1,969 



400 

2,048 

1,416 

3,217 

10,038 

104 
1,778 
2,683 



651 



615 
3,376 
2,069 

186 
1,786 

936 
361 
256 
1,266 
660 

622 

683 

316 

1,007 



1,288 

68 

297 

142 

22 

204 
61 
2,312 
242 
480 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



23 



Forcible 
rape 



Robbery 



94 
171 

43 
11 
168 
102 
42 

163 
6 
19 
33 
44 



13 
60 
40 
71 
327 

2 
46 
117 



186 



1 

1 

107 

12 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



328 
632 

117 
69 
206 
521 
218 

468 

6 

60 

157 

215 



33 

127 

8 

228 

367 

59 
34 
110 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



45 

198 

91 

7 

136 

19 
18 
1 
23 
20 

108 
41 



7 
107 
10 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



Under 
$50 



Auto theft 



2,161 


2,168 


1,736 


2,541 


2,168 


2,093 


951 


982 


730 


228 


220 


143 


3,297 


2,271 


1,146 


1,569 


1,674 


1,473 


1,423 


1,168 


1,022 


2,170 


1,673 


1,233 


67 


131 


23 


836 


760 


560 


720 


590 


384 


838 


634 


411 


177 


98 


42 


847 


766 


676 


639 


663 


222 


1,593 


936 


529 


4,926 


2,686 


3,262 


20 


13 


50 


816 


696 


406 


1,143 


920 


633 


3,338 


3,303 


4,866 


369 


182 


264 


287 


218 


149 


1,328 


1,362 


735 


992 


771 


496 


110 


62 


13 


784 


668 


667 


486 


362 


281 


169 


146 


92 


127 


121 


67 


686 


430 


193 


300 


164 


99 


247 


136 


100 


430 


131 


66 


191 


75 


63 


348 


608 


331 


629 


484 


444 


32 


10 


15 


169 


42 


24 


96 






17 


2 


1 


121 


81 


11 


30 


10 


4 


778 


766 


728 


98 


18 


40 


234 


216 


146 



221 



Tabic 69. — Number of Ofhnses Known fo the Police, 1971, Suburban Counties — Continued 



County by State 



INDIANA— Con. 



Madison State Police. . 

Marshall 

Marshall State Police. 
Porter 

Porter State Police 



Saint Joseph 

Saint Joseph State Police. 
SulUvan 

SuUivan State Police 

Tippecanoe State Police.. 



Vanderburgh 

Vanderburgh State Police. 

Vermillion 

Vermillion State Police 

Vigo 

Vigo State PoUce 



IOWA 



Black Hawk.... 

Dubuque 

Linn 

Polk 

Pottawattamie. 

Scott 

Woodbury 



KANSAS 



Butler 

Johnson 

Sedgwick... 

Shawnee 

Wyandotte. 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



KENTUCKY 



Boyd - 

Boyd State Police 

Campbell - 

Campbell State Police.., 

Daviess 

Daviess State Police 

Fayette 

Fayette State Police 

Henderson 

Henderson State Police. 

Jefferson 

Jefferson State Police.. - 

Kenton 

Kenton State Pohee 



LOUISIANA 



Bossier 

Caddo - 

Calcasieu — 

East Baton Rouge. 

Jefferson 

Lafayette 

Ouachita 

Saint Tammany 



121 
246 
21 
424 
166 

764 
210 
237 
34 
190 

237 
31 
44 
36 
612 
116 



131 



769 
340 
231 
161 



326 
346 
799 
604 
389 



54 

101 

269 

3 

369 

83 

1,443 

16 

91 

118 

7,614 

40 

383 

18 



377 

667 

1,602 

3,830 

8,899 

762 

362 

1,029 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Robbery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



1 
137 



37 

92 

311 

6 
6 
18 



60 

11 

101 

1 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



7 
167 



244 
469 
603 
68 
43 
149 



67 
147 

11 
161 

96 

236 
139 
166 
21 
107 

116 
14 
22 
19 

226 
64 



66 
166 
187 
248 
127 
111 

63 



162 
183 
366 

298 
186 



26 

60 

133 

1 

109 

38 

660 

3 

36 

44 

2,748 



Larceny— theft 



$60 and 
over 



171 
3 



126 
280 
495 
1,768 
3,311 
246 
156 
491 



Under 
$60 



31 


23 


74 


29 


6 


6 


210 


122 


17 


17 


433 


372 


16 


31 


60 


60 


6 


7 


27 


31 


96 


136 


7 


6 


1? 




7 


4 


208 


44 


12 


21 



Auto theft 



48 


25 


8 


109 


66 


12 


161 


100 


36 


413 


118 


38 


173 


86 


29 


70 


20 


7 


76 


26 


11 


133 


90 


17 


90 


80 


24 


341 


462 


61 


261 


78 


19 


110 


68 


47 


24 


6 


4 


19 


6 


13 


68 


63 


21 


1 






168 


81 


23 


17 


13 


8 


683 


439 


62 


4 


1 


7 


64 


20 


1 


46 


16 


19 


2,931 


1,862 


1,418 


16 


2 


24 


123 


42 


41 


4 


2 


S 


148 


97 


17 


229 


141 


26 


666 


388 


134 


1,024 


1,155 


412 


3.291 


2,222 


1,296 


368 


98 


67 


116 


227 


24 


266 


364 


90 



222 



Table 69. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1971, Suburban Counties — Continued 



County by State 



Androscoggin.. 
Cumberland... 



MARYLAND 



Anne Arundel... 

Anne Arandel State Police.. 

Baltimore. 

Baltimore State Police 

Carroll State Police 

Cecil State Police 

Harford 

Harford State Police 

Howard 

Howard State Police 

Montgomery 

Montgomery State Police 

Prince Georges 

Prince Georges State Police.. 



MASSACHUSETTS 

Berkshire State Police 

Hampden State Police 

Hampshire State Police 

Worcester State Police 

MICHIGAN 2 

Bay 

Calhoun 

Clinton 

Eaton... 

Genesee 

Ingham 

Jacfeson 

Kalamazoo 

Kent 

Lapeer 

Macomb 

Monroe 

Muskegon 

Oakland 

Ottawa 

Saginaw 

Washtenaw. 

Wayne 

MINNESOTA 

Anoka... 

Clay - , 

Dakota 

Hennepin 

Olmsted 

Ramsey 

Saint Louis 

Washington 

MISSOURI 

Boone 

Buchanan 

Cass 

Clay 

Franklin 

Greene 

See footnote at end of table 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



Criminal homicide 



146 
537 



7,887 

746 

17,236 

497 

495 

608 

434 

809 

1,989 

399 

11, 985 

182 

21,209 

1,088 



260 
202 
190 
268 



1,657 

723 

264 

1,168 

2,396 

2,666 

1,993 

746 

1,733 

380 

2,067 

2,339 

967 

3,680 

934 

1,739 

3,906 

3,081 



374 
85 
130 
406 
278 
212 
954 
666 



783 
410 
243 
191 
612 
416 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Robbery 



113 
13 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



176 

24 

614 

12 

8 

8 

6 

24 

63 

26 

362 

2 

1,701 

68 



31 
12 

4 
17 
62 
31 
26 

7 
14 

1 
39 
25 
12 
67 

2 
61 
98 
107 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



412 
21 
591 
18 
7 

15 

10 

19 

133 

17 

196 

3 

1,201 

13 



296 

64 

63 

18 

30 

18 

85 

94 

78 

129 

28 

101 

183 

121 



160 

36 

32 

28 

8 

7 



412 



2,811 
189 

6,713 
109 
185 
224 
181 
290 
794 
133 

3,460 
30 

6,666 
260 



139 
126 
105 
117 



668 

322 

144 

507 

777 

1,1% 

1,168 

332 

833 

223 

861 

1,147 

484 

1,857 

498 

861 

1,830 

l,0o4 



62 
165 
135 

84 
695 
292 



300 
147 
120 
93 
2T2 
260 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



43 
116 



3,376 
330 

7,921 
236 
247 
209 
227 
342 
806 
138 

6,234 
93 

7,473 
466 



793 
277 
86 
603 
976 

1,116 
690 
344 
706 
100 
897 
889 
307 

1,424 
347 
576 

1,179 

1,312 



144 
43 
S3 
190 
110 
88 
314 
216 



200 
124 
64 
68 
204 
120 



Under 
$50 



2, 699 

109 

8,889 

166 

139 

78 

163 

246 

762 

66 

6,607 

27 

6,251 

188 



363 

165 

66 

697 

814 

871 

783 

646 

797 

164 

540 

1,052 

454 

837 

746 

662 

1,091 

1,160 



60 
12 
60 
121 
69 
41 
171 
108 



156 
97 
24 
14 
123 
101 



Auto theft 



223 



Table 69. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1971, Suburban Counties — Continued 





Total 
Crime 
Index 


Criminal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 


Larceny 


-theft 




County by State 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 


$50 and 
over 


Under 
$60 


Auto theft 


MISSOURI— Con. 


693 
1,373 

627 
6,043 

242 
579 

475 
267 
169 

4,371 
1,205 

135 

769 
31 
823 
173 
609 
333 
170 
% 
755 
392 
470 

2,092 

612 
604 
429 
249 
170 
466 

1,021 
801 
843 
327 
326 
174 
347 

2,173 
366 
21,863 
718 
617 
980 

1,234 

1,241 
110 
239 






6 
3 
4 
33 

1 
& 

3 

6 
2 

26 
5 

1 

8 
2 
6 
1 
8 
1 
4 
2 
6 
7 
1 

36 

2 
7 
2 
3 

4 

1 
2 


8 
7 
6 
77 

2 
4 

3 
3 

2 

204 
32 

1 

13 

4 
39 

5 
20 
29 

3 
10 
31 
12 

8 

61 

13 

7 
7 
3 
2 
7 

10 
6 

30 
1 
2 
1 
2 
7 
4 
668 
6 
8 
3 

12 

11 
2 
2 


42 

75 

6 

163 

16 
64 

10 
4 
8 

166 
34 

3 

23 

2 
29 

3 
26 
11 

7 
13 
19 
18 

8 

112 

54 
20 

2 
28 
12 
93 
16 
156 
14 

9 
14 
12 

9 
24 
61 
297 
64 
10 
12 
10 
18 

8 
27 


314 

769 

260 

2,989 

86 
216 

220 
96 
104 

1,544 
423 

36 

400 

13 

392 

117 

346 

196 

80 

27 

440 

232 

323 

1,161 

318 

378 
263 

88 

82 
222 
716 
260 
610 
223 
163 

87 
225 
866 
134 
7,428 
319 
376 
678 
690 
602 

65 
135 


196 

382 

236 

1,800 

93 
239 

172 

139 

33 

1,820 
694 

32 

213 
8 

204 
30 

131 
66 
68 
27 

199 
99 

106 

396 

168 
146 
116 

120 
66 
134 

184 

327 

179 

80 

141 

66 

76 

1,097 

140 

8,966 

282 

94 

213 

466 

465 

25 

60 


110 

156 

113 

3,904 

86 
166 

128 
87 
13 

864 
263 

10 

68 
1 

72 
14 
51 
32 
13 
5 
48 
24 
40 

641 

210 
741 

90 
103 

86 
236 
156 
226 
116 

82 
231 

44 

72 

2,166 

123 

13,332 

289 

116 

391 

1,380 

430 

10 
108 


28 




6 
1 
6 

3 
2 




141 


Saint Charles - - -- 


1 

24 


16 




985 


MONTANA 


41 




1 


60 


NEBRASKA 


67 








20 








10 


NEVADA 

Clark - 


8 
6 

2 

2 


14 
2 


604 




112 


NEW HAMPSHIRE 

Hillsborough State PoUce 

NEW JERSEY 

Atlantic State Police 


61 


18 
8 

22 
9 
5 

10 
6 

13 

10 
9 

15 


10( 


Bereen State Police 




Burlington State Police 


3 

1 
7 

1 
1 
2 


m 

1 


Gloucester State Police 

Mercer State Police 


7 
3 




1 


Monmouth State Police. 


6( 


Salem State PoUce 


2 


T 


Warren State Police 


"if 


NEW MEXICO 


6 

3 

1 


32 




7 


6- 




4 


Broome State PoUce 




3 


Chemung - 














1' 




1 
6 








1 


8 


Erie 


6, 






8 
4 
2 
6 
6 
1 


6 


1* 




1 
1 
1 


i: 




1 
2 
2 
6 
1 
24 
1 
1 

17 
1 
4 
1 


1' 


Livingston State Police 

Madison State Police 


n 
3: 




2 
1 

23 
1 
2 
3 


17i 




3. 


Nassau 


1 
10 


4,46- 




6f 




2« 


Oneida State Police 


6 


6£ 




13£ 


Onondaga State Police 

Orleans State Police 


1 
2 




14S 


1 


4 


Oswego - 


14 



224 



Table 69. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1971, Suburban Counties — Continued 



County by State 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



NEW VOBK— Con. 

Oswego State Police 

Rensselaer State Police 

Rockland State Police 

Saratoga State Police 

Schenectady 

Schenectady State Police... 

Suffolk 

Suffolk State Police _. 

Tioga 

Tioga State Police 

Wayne _. 

Wayne State Police 

Westchester State Police 

NORTH CAEOUNA 

Brunswick 

Cumberland 

Durham 

Forsyth 

Gaston _._ 

Guilford , 

Mecklenburg _ 

New Hanover 

Orange 

Wake 

NORTH DAKOTA 

Cass 

OHIO 

Allen 

Belmont 

Butler 

Clark 

Clermont 

Delaware _. 

Franklm 

Greene 

Lawrence _ 

Lorain 

Lucas 

Mahoning _ 

Medina 

Miami.- 

Montgomery _ 

Pickaway 

Putnam _. 

Richland 

Stark. 

Summit. 

Trumbull 

Van Wert 

Warren 

Washington 

Wood - - 

OKLAHOMA 

Canadian 

Cleveland , 

Comanche _ 

Sequoyah 

Tulsa , 



411 
667 
98 
642 
109 
106 
29,853 
214 
184 
178 
276 
614 
802 



310 

2,923 

487 

901 

1,188 

1,166 

2,427 

716 

463 

948 



Criminal homicide 



202 



944 
293 
807 
841 
766 
336 
2,761 
611 
635 
642 
776 
644 
688 
469 
2,107 
361 
129 
770 
2,087 
2,387 
1,630 
118 
666 
266 
472 



129 
194 
294 
176 
761 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Robbery 



690 
10 
1 
2 
2 
9 
23 



9 

6 
25 
13 

6 

6 
65 

9 

13 
19 
14 
20 
12 

4 
160 

2 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



9 
20 

7 
27 
10 

1 

378 

29 

4 

1 
39 
162 
23 



142 

123 

16 

33 

340 

213 

118 

77 

70 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



Larceny — theft 



24 

15 

9S 

8 

8 

4 

125 

39 

38 

16 

46 

67 

48 

11 

64 

6 

14 

23 

66 

214 

152 

4 

1 

12 

38 



290 
409 

33 
302 

49 

73 
10,240 

86 
100 
107 
148 
228 
446 



102 
1,166 
263 
439 
379 
607 
1,295 
245 
203 
463 



368 
130 
302 
395 
422 
204 

1,060 
242 
303 
395 
330 
303 
344 
226 

1,009 
213 
45 
413 
950 
863 
660 
55 
336 
168 
220 



77 
94 

123 
37 

428 



$60 and 
over 



76 
142 
33 
143 
40 
23 
16, 032 
57 
68 
47 
63 
86 
202 



44 
1,403 
178 
343 
331 
343 
744 
324 
109 
354 



Under 
$60 



495 
127 
327 
362 
240 
101 
1,096 
188 
227 
105 
311 
214 
213 
180 
602 
113 

61 
266 
720 
688 
646 

49 
284 

70 
101 



76 
204 

31 
165 

26 

36 
10, 776 

52 
124 

33 
180 
129 
361 



44 
1,160 

63 
121 
183 
199 
542 
183 

80 

74 



64 



658 

64 
292 
360 
157 

46 
892 
142 
178 

52 
179 
160 
131 
137 
1,463 
119 

31 

284 

1,131 

776 

426 

74 

26 
118 

93 



44 


2 


87 


6 


49 


105 


49 




208 


106 



Auto theft 



225 



Table 69.— Nomt 


er of Offenses Known to the Police, 1971, 


Suburban 


Counties— 


-Continue< 








Total 
Crime 
Index 


Criminal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 


Larceny 


—theft 




County by State 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 


$60 and 
over 


Under 
$60 


Auto theft 


OREGON 


2,464 
1,698 
1,267 
6,980 
184 
2,141 

441 
219 
376 
391 
460 
290 

1,600 
336 
409 
674 
787 
254 
787 
446 
406 
680 
272 
210 
324 
317 
681 

1,816 
780 

58 
256 

819 

166 

6,124 

4,463 

755 

346 

1,862 

235 

321 
290 

1,409 
939 

1,412 

487 

2,664 

207 

238 


2 
2 


9 
3 
14 
1 
2 


29 
10 
10 
69 
7 
26 

4 
1 
1 
3 
6 
4 
31 
1 
5 
2 
6 
1 
7 
5 
7 
6 
3 
1 
7 
2 
5 
12 
14 

2 
1 

12 
4 

62 

29 
3 
1 

19 

7 

1 

11 
16 

6 
41 

16 

43 

9 

3 


12 
22 
11 
165 


63 
64 
86 
353 

9 
47 

11 

4 

19 

14 

9 

10 

43 

10 

10 

10 

20 

14 

18 

8 

13 

23 

8 

6 

3 

6 

15 

60 

19 

4 
41 

111 
18 
337 
345 
47 
107 
188 

3 

32 
44 
45 
136 
147 

26 
131 
69 
38 


1,187 
869 
611 

2,976 
118 

1,141 

301 
149 
245 
231 
309 
IBS 
907 
257 
235 
360 
404 
161 
478 
247 
219 
432 
172 
140 
226 
215 
304 
965 
612 

13 
121 

343 

80 

2,214 

2,016 

239 

138 

816 

113 

166 
93 
622 
660 
781 

219 

1,224 

77 

91 


914 
664 
483 
2,367 
44 
708 

104 

39 

80 

116 

73 

72 

295 

48 

115 

140 

281 

68 

203 

144 

130 

170 

63 

60 

73 

73 

146 

561 

166 

27 
58 

264 

40 

1,435 

1,375 

416 

82 

492 

97 

71 

27 

322 

HI 

324 

168 

903 

40 

62 


718 
754 
636 
3,347 
45 
657 

77 

43 

88 

78 

46 

54 

225 

55 

119 

102 

303 

30 

156 

S4 

97 

211 

42 

40 

45 

42 

81 

388 

124 

10 

27 

237 
12 
2,361 
1,093 
81 
30 
203 

66 

33 

86 
146 
162 
621 

87 
805 

53 
113 


247 
77 
67 




Marlon 




1 


1,059 


Polk 


Washington 


1 
2 


13 

4 
8 
6 
3 

10 
5 

51 
4 

14 

14 

11 
4 

14 
4 

13 
7 
6 
3 


206 


PENNSYLVANIA 

Adams State Police - .-. - 


15 
3 

15 

11 
6 
7 

30 
9 
4 
2 

10 
4 

31 

13 

10 

16 
2 
4 

12 
8 
8 

41 
7 

2 
9 

1 
3 
23 


16 

18 


Beaver State Police 




1 


24 


Blair State Police 


Bucks State Police.. 






Cambria State Police 


1 
6 


13 

168 
15 


Chester State Police - . 


Cumberland State Police 




2 
1 
4 
1 
1 
1 
1 
1 












Lancaster State Police . . 


15 
66 


Lehigh State Police 


36 


Luzerne State Police 


23 


Lycoming State Police 

Northampton State Police 


42 
20 


Perry State Police 




11 


Somerset State Police 


2 


13 


Susquehanna State Police 


1 
19 
49 
17 


20 


Washington State Police 

Westmoreland State Police 

York State Police 


6 
1 
3 


87 
167 
60 


RHODE ISLAND 
Kent State Police 


12 


Providence State Police 




4 

17 
10 
212 
101 
4 
2 
26 

2 

7 

6 

28 

11 

32 

29 
66 


31 


SOUTH CAROLINA 
Aiken 


14 
8 

20 

27 
6 
2 

20 


58 


Berkeley - 


6 


Charleston _ . 


344 


Greenville . . 


670 


Lexington . 




40 


Pickens 

Spartanburg 


3 


14 
302 


SOUTH DAKOTA 




13 


TENNESSEE 
Anderson . .... 


2 
3 

9 
8 
7 

1 
9 




42 


Blount 


2 


107 




367 






17 


Shelby 


10 


80 


TEXAS 
Bell 


39 


Bexar 




278 


Cameron 




12 


Coryell... 


1 


1 


12 


41 



226 



Table 


69. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1971 


, Suburban Counties — Continued 






Total 
Crime 
Index 


Criminal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary — 

breaking 

or entering 


Larceny — theft 




County by State 


Murder 
and non- 
negUgent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 


$50 and 
over 


Under 
$60 


Auto theft 


TEXAS— Con. 
Ector 


699 

4ie 

377 
999 
446 
140 
487 
416 
315 
642 
398 
302 
783 
211 
1,677 
268 

6,193 
377 
260 

318 

9 

300 

13 

1,202 

62 

9,686 

68 

272 

68 

4,141 

43 

205 

1,686 

49 

904 

21 

214 

24 

418 
1,377 

319 
14,964 
5,373 
3,129 
2,094 
1,723 

312 
978 
83 
162 

706 
119 






12 

11 

9 

12 
4 
3 


11 

18 
7 

37 
7 
6 
1 
6 
1 
9 
1 

31 
2 
8 

17 
4 

61 
2 
6 

2 


11 
36 
63 
43 
12 
28 

3 
30 
11 
49 
69 
29 

7 

40 

394 

79 

88 
29 
30 

70 


258 
205 
168 
474 
226 

79 
313 
142 
163 
328 
202 

83 
418 

739 
58 

2,159 
140 
99 

157 

1 

170 

1 

577 

12 

3,810 

10 

127 

14 

1,825 

4 

82 

622 

7 

537 

4 

105 

5 

191 

669 

113 

7.203 

2,315 

1,987 

916 

818 

114 
438 
47 
93 

276 
67 


270 
109 
123 
353 
179 

21 
157 
204 
117 
118 

97 
124 
324 

86 
364 

99 

3,068 
189 
109 

80 

3 

71 

4 

491 

24 

3,013 

30 

115 

22 

1,331 

20 

63 

657 

22 

265 

6 

69 

4 

166 
648 
168 
5,330 
2,023 
794 
920 
763 

124 

317 

22 

40 

361 
38 


148 
48 
36 
85 
68 
8 

159 
84 
30 
39 
34 
40 

134 
25 

166 
30 

3,964 
112 
74 

71 

1 

140 

4 

573 

14 

9,371 

21 

51 

21 

3,632 

14 

153 

633 

25 

321 

6 

61 

7 

227 

772 

87 

4,110 

1,718 

610 
1,308 

636 

72 
182 
16 
29 

323 
42 


36 
35 
13 

77 


El Paso 


9 


Fort Bend 




1 










Hidalgo 


2 




12 






7 
1 
5 
1 
3 
2 
6 
13 
6 

35 




Johnson 




21 


Lubbock 






McLennan 


1 


24 


Potter. 


24 


Tarrant.- 




26 


Taylor 




3 


Travis 




48 


Wichita 




22 


UTAH 

Salt Lake .. 


7 


2 


785 


Utah 


17 


Weber 






3 

4 
1 
6 
2 

12 
1 

74 


14 


VIRGINIA 
Amherst-- 






6 


Amherst State Police 




1 


4 




6 


1 


37 

2 

35 

2 
256 

7 


10 


Campbell State Police 


7 
17 


4 


Chesterfield... 

Chesterfield State Police.. 


5 


17 
1 
259 
2 
3 
3 

95 


65 
12 


Fairfax . 


16 




2,259 


Fairfax State Police 


4 


19 








27 


Hanover State Police 


1 
8 


7 
8 
2 
1 

1 
5 


3 

29 
3 
6 

17 
1 
6 


9 
149 

3 
28 
78 

4 
33 


16 




704 


Henrico State PoUce 


13 


Prince George 


1 
4 


9 
30 


17 


Prince WilUam . 


278 


Prince WilUam State Police. . - 


15 


Roanoke - 


6 


14 


43 


Roanoke State Police . 


8 
1 
2 


11 


York — 


3 

1 


2 


6 
2 

6 

20 

6 

199 

112 

29 

27 

16 

5 

12 
2 
7 

4 


27 
1 

11 
4 
9 
273 
288 
63 
63 
80 

46 

78 
2 
8 

4 
6 


2 


York State Police 


11 


WASHINGTON 
Benton 


5 

2 

1 

67 

37 

14 

6 

14 

1 
8 

1 


39 


Clark--- 


3 

1 
6 
7 
5 
1 
1 

1 
8 
1 
3 

2 




131 


FrankUn . 




21 


King 




1,876 






591 


Snohomish . 




237 




1 


171 


Yakima 


31 


WEST VIRGINIA 

Cabell State Police 


2 
19 

2 
4 

13 

7 


22 


Kanawha State PoUce 


117 


Marshall State PoUce 


8 


Wayne State PoUce 


11 


WISCONSIN 


1 
2 


67 


Calnmet 


7 



227 



Table 69.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1971 


, Suburban 


Counties- 


-Continue 


d 






Total 
Crime 
Index 


Criminal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary— 

breaking 

or entering 


Larceny— theft 




County by State 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negUgence 


$60 and 
over 


Under 
$60 


Auto theft 


WISCONSIN— Con. 


1,180 
282 

1,211 
228 
196 
612 
U2 
693 
311 
686 
490 

947 
1,661 


2 
1 

2 




16 

1 
12 
1 
1 
6 
1 
2 
4 
5 
4 

7 
14 


11 


71 

7 

36 

3 

20 

38 

3 

7 

2 

11 

63 

7 
67 


494 
176 
617 
103 

16 
202 

72 
277 
109 
225 
213 

416 
738 


606 
64 
423 
118 
105 
226 
63 
331 
181 
394 
200 

403 

600 


349 
98 
388 
88 
132 
316 
76 
401 
107 
237 
172 

959 
387 


80 




6 
18 


34 




21 
1 
3 

1 


100 




2 






11 
2 


51 






40 






13 








16 


60 






1 
14 


16 


Waukesha 


2 

1 

2 
3 


4 

1 

37 
16 


44 




18 


OTHER AREAS 


40 
18 


75 




334 











• Includes auto thelts reported by the California Highway Patrol. 
2 Includes oflenses reported by the Michigan State Police. 
' Fiscal year figures. 



Table 10.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1971, Rural Counties over 50,000 in Population 





Total 
Crime 
Index 


Criminal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 


Larceny— theft 




County by State 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 


$50 and 
over 


Under 
$60 


Auto theft 


ALABAMA 


300 

2,267 
1,336 
1,077 
1,217 
3,306 

989 

2,796 

1,608 

863 

1,008 

469 

916 

36 


4 

4 

7 
3 
2 
12 

5 

B 
8 


1 


6 

12 
4 
7 
8 

21 

21 

25 
5 

11 
5 

7 

2 


8 

31 
11 

11 
11 

74 

27 

51 

24 

6 

12 

11 

7 
2 


20 

94 
50 
22 
34 

142 

63 

180 
79 
29 

106 

33 

33 
2 


162 

1,040 
638 
307 
651 

1,661 

478 

1,196 
700 
419 
486 

240 

431 

14 


91 

909 
653 
616 
436 
1,166 

343 

1,204 
679 
323 
336 

142 

397 
11 


28 

811 
431 
529 
643 
426 

431 

1,436 
609 
209 
256 

97 

166 
10 


19 


CALIFORNIA i 

Butte 


167 






73 






111 






75 


Tulare 




230 


DELAWARE 




52 


FLORIDA 




136 




1 


113 




65 




6 




60 


JLLINOIS 




36 


INDIANA 
Elkhart - 


2 
1 


2 
1 


44 


Elkhart State Police 


5 



See footnotes at end of table. 



228 



Table 70.— Number of Offenses Known to ihe Police, 1971, Rural Counties over 50,000 in Population Continued 



County by State 



KENTUCKY 



Hardin-,. 

Hardin State Police- 
Pike 

PUce State Police-.-. 



MARYLAND 



Allegany State Police 

Frederick State Police. -- 

Washington.. 

Washington State Police- 



MICHIGAN > 



Berrien 

Saint Clair.. 



MINNESOTA 



Steams.. 



NEW YORK 



Cattaraugus 

Cattaraugus State Police 

Chautauqua 

Chautauqua State Police 

Jefferson. 

Jefferson State Police 

Ontario 

Ontario State Police- 

Orange State Police 

Saint Lawrence 

Saint Lawrence State Police. 

Steuben 

Steuben State Police 

Ulster State Police.. , 



NORTH CAROLINA 



Davidson. 
Wayne 



OHIO 



Ashtabula 

Columbiana. 

Licking 

Wayne 



PENNSYLVANIA 



Armstrong State Police.. 

Butler State Police 

Centre State Police 

Clearfield State Police... 
Crawford State Police... 

Fayette State Police 

Franklin State Police. . . 

Indiana State Police 

Lawrence State Police... 

Mercer State Police 

Schuylkill State Police. . 



Total 
Crime 
Index 



64 

83 

160 

206 



299 
603 
291 
376 



1,410 
1,048 



247 
284 
318 
203 
161 
401 
179 
314 

1,634 
226 
681 
311 
329 

1,499 



960 
536 



199 
793 
381 



954 
632 
414 
701 
1,296 
677 
491 
692 



631 



Criminal homicide 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negligence 



Forcible 
rape 



Robbery 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



107 
60 



214 
73 



Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 



138 
196 
103 
174 



662 



149 



172 
192 
146 
144 

84 
266 

61 
148 
907 

88 
324 
189 



439 

246 



366 

93 

336 

217 



268 
600 
314 
241 
440 
617 
388 
243 
346 
205 
311 



Larceny— theft 



$50 and 
over 



128 
236 
175 
160 



618 
397 



176 



66 
142 
29 
49 
93 
109 
117 
363 
93 
175 
96 
65 
328 



243 
181 



205 

79 
376 
95 



76 
244 
147 
136 
193 
382 
126 
201 
163 



Under 
$60 



161 
167 
43 

98 



62 

77 
109 

24 
143 
103 
119 
168 
466 

93 
167 
148 
124 
263 



191 
107 



234 
104 
200 
128 



81 
221 
133 
104 
169 
237 
161 
152 
168 



Auto theft 



See footnotes at end of table. 



229 



Table 70. Number of Offenses Known to the Police, 1971, Rural Counties over 50,000 in Population — Continued 





Total 
Crime 
Index 


Criminal homicide 


Forcible 
rape 


Eobbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary- 
breaking 
or entering 


Larceny— theft 




County 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Man- 
slaughter 

by 
negUgence 


$60 and 
over 


Under 
$60 


Auto theft 


SOUTH CAROLINA 


104 
122 
610 

662 

1,171 

346 

2,897 
6,666 
1,277 
2,029 
2,8H 


11 
19 

7 

3 

2 

2 

20 
9 
23 
14 
4 




1 

7 
8 

6 

6 

3 

33 
63 
19 
16 
36 


10 
6 
11 

8 

10 

I 

40 
101 
36 
44 
16 


22 
23 
60 

73 

34 

3 

193 
136 

89 
112 

46 


34 

1 
230 

404 

726 

167 

1,066 

3,329 

206 

871 

1,896 


21 
66 
179 

118 

314 

164 

1,102 

1,488 

132 

678 

643 


26 
71 
116 

367 

632 

167 

476 

1,126 

66 

284 

776 


6 






1 






26 


TENNESSEE 




61 


WASHINGTON 

Kitsap 




80 


WISCONSIN 


1 

20 
78 
4 
63 


16 




443 




640 




772 




294 




171 









' Includes auto thefts reported by the CaUfornia Highway Patrol. 
2 Includes offenses reported by the Michigan State Police. 



230 



MS. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE; 1972 O — 472-311 



^imnSl!:^^^'^ LIBRARY 



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