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Full text of "Uniform crime reports for the United States"

BOSTOISI 

PUBLIC 

LIBRARY 




epartment of Justice 






Jniform Crime Reports 



Release Date 
Thursday PM 
August 26, 1982 



Crime 
in the 
United 
States 






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OCT ifioe 




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UNIFORM 

CRIME 

REPORTS 

for the United States 



SUMMARY 



CRIME INDEX 



PRINTED ANNUALLY— 1981 by: 

Federal Bureau of Investigation 

U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, D.C. 20535 



CRIMES CLEARED 



Advisory: Committee on Uniform Crime Records 
International Association of Chiefs of Police; 
Committee on Uniform Crime Reporting 
National Sheriffs' Association 



PERSONS ARRESTED 



LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL 



For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, US GovernmenI Printing Office. Washington. DC 20402 



APPENDICES 




FOREWORD 

As we entered the decade of the 1980s the amount of crime reported to 
law enforcement rose to an all-time high. During 1981, this volume remained 
at the same level. While the stabilization may be interpreted as a social 
message that law enforcement is holding its own, we must concede that we 
still have a serious crime problem — one that requires new and better methods 
to combat. 

Crime has undergone some subtle changes in recent times. Although it is 
a grave urban problem, the sparsely inhabited areas of our country have 
experienced increasing crime rates as our population has tended to move 
away from the heavily populated urban centers. With this spreading out of 
our population, the number of commercial establishments in once primarily 
residential areas has soared, providing greater opportunities for crime. These 
and other changes have made enforcement responsibilities even more 
difficult. 

An issue of great concern is youthful criminal involvement. In spite of 
various changes in the realm of criminal activity, one element has remained 
constant — the age group which tends to be arrest prone. Those individuals 
between the ages of 16 and 24 are arrested with greater frequency than any 
other segment of the population. Short-term studies reveal that the peak age 
for violent crime arrests is 18 and for property crime arrests, the age of 16. 
This is not a heartening discovery. It suggests that we must find ingenious and 
innovative methods to divert our youth from becoming involved in illegal 
activities. 

As has been pointed out by many knowledgeable students of the crime 
problem, large expenditures of public resources will not alone result in 
significant inroads on crime. No segment of the criminal justice system, 
whether it be law enforcement, courts, prosecution, corrections, or 
rehabilitation, has individually or in concert with others been able to stem the 
creeping tide of criminality. If we are to succeed in making some impact on 
crime, then the American public must join hands with the criminal justice 
community and focus attention on this social ill. Every citizen is directly or 
indirectly touched by crime either through taxation or actual victimization. 
Until we come to grips with the reality that all of us are, in some way, crime 
victims, the problem cannot be effectively addressed. 

William H. Webster 
Director 



CRIME FACTORS 

The presence of crime in our Nation is a matter of serious concern not 
only to the law enforcement profession, but to society at large. Historically, 
the causes and origins of crime have been the subjects of investigation by 
many disciplines. While no definitive conclusions have yet been reached, a 
number of factors affecting the volume and type of crime that occurs from 
place to place have been delineated. Some of these are as follows: 

Population density and size of locality and its surrounding area. 
Variations in composition of the population, particularly age 

structure. 
Stability of population with respect to residents' mobility and 

transient factors. 
Economic conditions, including job availability. 
Cultural conditions, such as educational, recreational, and religious 

characteristics. 
Climate. 

Effective strength of law enforcement agencies. 
Administrative and investigative emphases of law enforcement. 
Policies of other components of the criminal justice system (i.e., 

prosecutorial, judicial, correctional, and probational). 
Attitudes of citizenry toward crime. 
Crime reporting practices of citizenry. 
The Uniform Crime Reports give a nationwide view of crime based on 
police statistics contributed by state and local law enforcement agencies. 
Population size is the only correlate of crime utilized in this publication. 
While the other factors listed above are of equal concern, no attempt is made 
to relate them to the data presented. The reader is, therefore, cautioned 
against comparing statistical data of individual communities, counties, or 
colleges and universities solely on the basis of their population or student 
enrollment. 



Contents 

Page 

Section I — Summary of the Uniform Crime Reporting Program 1- 

Section II — Crime Index Offenses Reported 5-1! 

Narrative comments: 

Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 6-1 

Forcible rape 13-] 

Robbery 15-1 

Aggravated assault 19-1 

Burglary 21-: 

Larceny-theft 25-: 

Motor vehicle theft 30-! 

Arson 33-! 

Crime Index total 36-! 

Charts: 

Crime clock, 1981 

Murder, monthly variation from annual average 

Murder, 1977-1981 

Murder, type of weapon used, 1981 i 

Forcible rape, monthly variation from annual average 1 

Forcible rape, 1977-1981 

Robbery, monthly variation from annual average 

Robbery, 1977-1981 

Robbery analysis, 1977-1981 

Aggravated assault, monthly variation from annual average 

Aggravated assault, 1977-1981 

Burglary, monthly variation from annual average 

Burglary, 1977-1981 

Burglary analysis, 1977-1981 

Larceny-theft, monthly variation from annual average 

Larceny-theft, 1977-1981 

Larceny analysis, 1 977- 1981 

Larceny analysis, 1981 

Motor vehicle theft, monthly variation from annual average 

Motor vehicle theft, 1977-1981 

Crime Index total, 1977-1981 

Tables: 

Murder: 

Victim/offender relationship, sex, race, and ethnic origin, 1981: 

Single victim/single offender 

Single victim/multiple offender 

Age, sex, race, and ethnic origin of victims, 1981 

Type of weapon used, 1981 

Type of weapon used, 1977-1981 

Victims — weapons used, 1981 

Circumstance by relationship, 1981 

Circumstances/motives, 1 977- 1981 



Tables — Continued 
Robbery: 

Percent distribution, region, 1981 16 

Type of weapon used, 1981 18 

Percent distribution, population group, 1981 18 

Aggravated assault, type of weapon used, 1981 20 

Larceny analysis, region, 1981 26 

Motor vehicle theft, 1981 31 

Arson, type of property, 1981 34 

Arson, structures not in use, 1981 34 

Arson, property damage, 1981 35 

Arson, offenses cleared by arrest, 1981 35 

Arson, offenses cleared by arrest of persons under 18 years of age, 1981 35 

National crime, rate, and percent change 36 

Regional offense and population distribution, 1981 37 

Crime rate, 1981: 

Region 37 

Area 37 

Index of Crime: 

United States, 1981 39 

United States, 1972-1981 39 

Region, geographic division, and state, 1980-1981 40-45 

State, 1981 46-57 

Number of offenses known to the police, 1981: 

Cities and towns 10,000 and over in population 58-107 

Universities and colleges 108- 1 1 5 

Suburban counties 1 16-128 

Rural counties 25,000 and over in population 129-136 

Crime trends, offenses known to the police, 1980-1981: 

Population group 137-138 

Suburban and nonsuburban cities, population group 139-140 

Suburban and nonsuburban counties, population group 141 

Offense breakdown, population group 142-143 

Crime rates, offenses known to the police, 1981: 

Population group 144-145 

Suburban and nonsuburban cities, population group 146 

Suburban and nonsuburban counties, population group 147 

Offense breakdown, population group 148-149 

Offense analysis, 1981, and percent change from 1980 150 

Type and value of property stolen and recovered, 1981 150 

Section III— Crime Index Offenses Qeared 151-159 

Narrative comments 151 

Chart: 

Crimes cleared by arrest, 1981 152 

Tables: 

Offenses known and percent cleared by arrest, 1981: 

Population group 1 53- 1 54 

Geographic division 155 

Offense breakdown, population group 156-157 

Offenses cleared by arrest of persons under 18 years of age, 1981 158-159 

Section IV— Persons Arrested 160-233 

Narrative comments 1 60- 1 6 1 

Tables: 

Arrests for drug abuse violations, 1981 160 

viii 



Page 

Tables — Continued 

Arrests, region, 1981 161 

Total estimated arrests, United States, 1981 162 

Arrests, number and rate, population group, 1981 163-164 

Total arrest trends: 

1972-1981 165 

Sex, 1972-1981 166 

1977-1981 167 

Sex, 1977-1981 168 

1980-1981 169 

Sex, 1980-1981 170 

Total arrests, 1981: 

Distribution by age 1 7 1- 1 72 

Male arrests, distribution by age 173-174 

Female arrests, distribution by age 175-176 

Of persons under 15, 18, 21, and 25 years of age 177 

Distribution by sex 178 

Distribution by race 179- 1 g i 

Distribution by ethnic origin 1 82- 1 84 

City arrest trends, 1980-1981 185 

City arrests, 1981: 

Distribution by age 1 86- 1 87 

Of persons under 15, 18, 21, and 25 years of age 188 

Distribution by sex 1 89 

City arrest trends, sex, 1980-1981 190 

City arrests, distribution by race, 1981 191-193 

City arrests, distribution by ethnic origin, 1981 194-196 

Suburban county arrest trends, 1980-1981 197 

Suburban county arrests, 1981: 

Distribution by age 198- 1 99 

Of persons under 15, 18, 21, and 25 years of age 200 

Distribution by sex 201 

Suburban county arrest trends, sex, 1980-1981 202 

Suburban county arrests, distribution by race, 1981 203-205 

Suburban county arrests, distribution by ethnic origin, 1981 206-208 

Rural county arrest trends, 1980-1981 209 

Rural county arrests, 1981: 

Distribution by age 210-2 1 1 

Of persons under 15, 18, 21, and 25 years of age 212 

Distribution by sex 213 

Rural county arrest trends, sex, 1980-1981 214 

Rural county arrests, distribution by race, 1981 215-217 

Rural county arrests, distribution by ethnic origin, 1981 218-220 

Suburban area arrest trends, 1980-1981 221 

Suburban area arrests, 1981: 

Distribution by age 222-223 

Of persons under 15, 18, 21, and 25 years of age 224 

Distribution by sex 225 

Suburban area arrest trends, sex, 1980-1981 226 

Suburban area arrests, distribution by race, 1981 227-229 

Suburban area arrests, distribution by ethnic origin, 1981 230-232 

Police disposition of juvenile offenders taken into custody, 1981 233 



Page 

Section V— Law Enforcement Personnel 234-311 

Narrative comments: 

Law enforcement employees ^^' 

Assaults on law enforcement officers 303-307 

Law enforcement officers killed 308-311 

Charts: 

Law Enforcement Code of Ethics 234 

Police employee data, population group, 1981 236 

Tables: 

Full-time law enforcement employees, October 31, 1981: 

Employees, number and rate per 1,000 inhabitants, geographic division and population group 237 

Officers, number and rate per 1,000 inhabitants, geographic division and population group 238 

Employees, percent male and female 239 

Civilian employees, percent of total, population group 239 

State police and highway patrol 240 

Number in cities 25,000 and over in population 241-249 

Number in cities with populations under 25,000 250-284 

Number in universities and colleges 285-288 

Number in suburban counties 289-292 

Number in rural counties 293-302 

Law enforcement officers assaulted, 1981: 

Geographic division and population group 

Weapon used ^^ 

Type of weapon, percent receiving personal injury, 1977-1981 305 

Police activity and type of weapon 305 

Time of day, population group 306 

Percent distribution of officer activity 307 

Percent distribution of officer assignment 307 

Percent cleared, type of activity, population group 308 

Law enforcement officers killed: 

GfTicers killed, 1981 

Circumstances and type of assignment, 1981 310 

Type of weapon, 1981 ^^^ 



303 



309 



Profile of victim officers 

Persons identified in the killing of law enforcement officers 



Section VI— Appendices ^ 9~^t! 

Appendix I— Table methodology 312-315 

Appendix II— Offenses in Uniform Crime Reporting 316-317 

Appendix III— Uniform Crime Reporting area definitions 318-319 

Appendix IV— 10-year trends in crime, 1972-1981 320-338 

Appendix V-Probability of lifetime murder victimization 339-341 

Appendix Vl-Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 1981 342-368 



SECTION I g 

SUMMARY OF THE UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING 
PROGRAM 



For over half of a century, law enforcement agencies' 
data have been aggregated at the national level under the 
auspices of the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Pro- 
gram. These city, county, and state statistics voluntarily 
provided to the UCR Program have given us information 
on offenses known and have gauged and measured the 
fluctuations in crime. While in its first year (1930), the 
Program enlisted the cooperation of 400 cities in 43 states, 
representing approximately 20 million inhabitants; partici- 
pants currently number in excess of 15,000 and represent a 
population of nearly 230 million. Throughout its years of 
operation, the Program's foremost objective has remained 
the same-to generate a reliable set of criminal statistics for 
use in law enforcement administration, operation, and 
management. Just as many technical advances have 
enhanced the Program, the use of UCR data has also 
expanded; UCR statistics have become a valuable re- 
search source for a myriad of constituents-sociologists, 
legislators, municipal planners, scholars, the press, and 
criminal justice practitioners. The general public, too, has 
become increasingly interested in the periodic assessments 
of crime in the Nation. 

Historical Background 

Because of differing criminal codes, it was not possible 
to aggregate state statistics to obtain a national data set. 
Therefore, in 1927, the Committee on Uniform Crime 
Records of the International Association of Chiefs of 
Police (lACP) was formed to create a viable system of 
uniform police statistics. To implement such a system, 
standardized definitions were formulated to provide na- 
tionwide uniformity in the reporting of data and over- 
come the variances in definitions of criminal offenses in 
different sections of the country. From a study of these 
variances among state codes and an evaluation of the 
recordkeeping practices in use, the Committee in 1929 
finalized a plan for crime reporting which became the 
foundation of the UCR Program. 

Without regard for local statutes, reporting agencies 
would be required to submit their data in accordance with 
the UCR definitions of offenses as set forth in Appendix II 
of this publication. Because of variances in punishment for 
the same offenses in different state codes, there was no 



possibility in such a program to distinguish between 
felony and misdemeanor crimes. 

In an effort to provide as complete a picture of crime in 
the United States as possible, the Committee had, at the 
outset of its deliberations, elected to obtain data on 
offenses that come to the attention of law enforcement 
agencies, since these data were more readily available 
than any other reportable crime information. While all 
crimes are to some extent serious, seven offenses (known 
jointly as the Crime Index) were initially selected to 
evaluate fluctuations in the volume of crime. These 
crimes — murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, forcible 
rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, larceny-theft, 
and motor vehicle theft — were chosen because of their 
seriousness as well as their frequency of occurrence and 
likelihood of being reported to law enforcement. By 
congressional mandate, arson was added as the eighth 
Index offense many years later. 

Through the voluntary and cooperative efforts of 
various agencies, the implementation of UCR in 1930 was 
successful. In that same year, Congress enacted legislation 
under Title 28, Section 534, of the United States Code 
authorizing the Attorney General to gather crime infor- 
mation. He, in turn, designated the FBI to serve as the 
national clearinghouse for data collected by the Program. 
Since that time, data based on uniform classifications and 
procedures for reporting have been obtained from the 
Nation's law enforcement agencies. 

The lACP's Committee on Uniform Crime Records, 
acting in an advisory capacity concerning the UCR 
Program's operation, remains a vital link between local 
police departments and the FBI. The National Sheriffs' 
Association (NSA) in June, 1966, established a Committee 
on Uniform Crime Reporting to serve in an advisory role 
to the NSA membership and the national UCR Program. 
This Committee actively encourages sheriffs throughout 
the country to fully participate in the Program. 

Committees on Uniform Crime Reporting within state 
law enforcement associations are also active in promoting 
interest in the UCR Program. These committees foster 
widespread and more intelligent use of uniform crime 
statistics and lend assistance to contributors when the 
need exists. 



Methods of Data Collection 

UCR Program contributors compile and submit their 
crime data by one of two means: either directly to the FBI 
or through their state UCR Programs. Those which 
submit directly to the FBI are provided, on an individual 
basis, continuing guidance and support from the national 
Program. 

State-level UCR Programs, now numbering 40, are 
very effective in the attainment of increased coverage of 
law enforcement agencies due to state mandatory report- 
ing requirements. These agencies can provide more direct 
and frequent service to participating law enforcement 
agencies, make information more readily available for use 
at the state level, and contribute to more streamlined 
operations at the national level. 

With the development of a state UCR Program, the 
FBI ceases direct collection of data from individual law 
enforcement agencies within the state. Instead, completed 
information from these agencies is forwarded to the 
national Program through the state data collection agen- 
cy. 

The conditions under which these systems are devel- 
oped ensure consistency and comparability in the data 
submitted to the national Program, as well as provide for 
regular and timely reporting of national crime data. These 
conditions are: (1) The state Program must conform to the 
national Uniform Crime Reports' standards, definitions, 
and information required. These requirements, of course, 
do not prohibit the state from collecting other statistical 
data beyond the national collection. (2) The state criminal 
justice agency must have a proven, effective, mandatory, 
statewide Program and have instituted acceptable quality 
control procedures. (3) Coverage within the state by a 
state agency must be, at least, equal to that attained by 
national Uniform Crime Reports. (4) The state agency 
must have adequate field staff assigned to conduct audits 
and to assist contributing agencies in record practices and 
crime reporting procedures. (5) The state agency must 
furnish to the FBI all of the detailed data regularly 
collected by the FBI in the form of duplicate returns, 
computer printouts, and/or magnetic tapes. (6) The state 
agency must have the proven capability (tested over a 
pewod of time) to supply all the statistical data required in 
time to meet national Uniform Crime Reports' publication 
deadlines. 

To fulfill its responsibilities in connection with the UCR 
Program efforts, the FBI continues its internal procedures 
of editing and reviewing individual agency reports for 
both completeness and quality; has direct contact with 
individual contributors within the state when necessary in 
connection with crime reporting matters, coordinating 
such contact with the state agency; and upon request, 
conducts training programs within the state on law 
enforcement records and crime reporting procedures. 
Should circumstances develop whereby the state agency 
does not comply with the aforementioned requirements. 



the national Program may reinstitute a direct collection of 
Uniform Crime Reports from law enforcement agencies 
within the state. 

Reporting Procedures 

On a monthly basis, law enforcement agencies tabulate 
from agency records all reports of Index crimes received 
from victims, officers who discovered the infractions, or 
other sources. This count of all Crime Index, or Part I, 
offenses known includes murder and nonnegligent man- 
slaughter, forcible rape, robbery, aggravated assault, 
burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. 

Whenever complaints of crime are determined through 
investigation to be unfounded or false, they are eliminated 
from an agency's count. The number of "actual offenses 
known" is reported to the FBI regardless of whether 
anyone is arrested for the crime, the stolen property is 
recovered, or prosecution is undertaken. Each month law 
enforcement agencies also report the total number of 
actual offenses cleared. Crimes are "cleared" in one of 
two ways: (1) at least one person is arrested, charged, and 
turned over to the court for prosecution; or (2) by 
exceptional means when some element beyond police 
control precludes the physical arrest of an offender. Other 
monthly submissions on the Index crimes include the 
number of clearances which involve only offenders under 
the age of 18; the value of property stolen and recovered 
in connection with the offenses; and detailed information 
pertaining to criminal homicide and arson. 

The age, sex, race, and ethnic origin of persons arrested 
are reported monthly for both Part I and Part II offenses 
by crime category. Part II offenses, while excluding 
traffic violations, include all crimes except those classified 
as Part I. 

Various data on law enforcement officers killed or 
assaulted are collected on a monthly basis. Other law 
enforcement employee data, specifically the number of 
full-time sworn and civilian personnel, are reported as of 
October 31 of each calendar year. 

Editing Procedures 

Each report submitted to the UCR Program is thor- 
oughly examined for arithmetical accuracy and for devia- 
tions which may indicate reporting errors. In an attempt 
to identify any unusual fluctuations in any agency's crime 
counts, monthly reports are compared with previous 
submissions by the agency and with figures for similar 
agencies. Large variations in crime levels may indicate 
modified records procedures, incomplete reporting, or a 
change in the agency's geopolitical structure. 

Since data reliability is a high priority of the Program, 
noted deviations or arithmetical adjustments are brought 
to the attention of the state UCR Program or the 
submitting agency through correspondence. A standard 
procedure of the FBI is to study the monthly reports and 
to evaluate periodic trends prepared for individual report- 
ing units. Any significant increase or decrease is made the 



subject of a special inquiry. The communications contain- 
ing these inquiries specifically direct attention to possible 
discrepancies in records or in their reporting procedures. 
When it is found that crime reporting procedures or 
annexations are in part responsible for the difference in the 
level of crime, the figures for specific crime categories, or 
if necessary, totals are excluded from trend tabulations. 

To assist contributors in complying with UCR stand- 
ards, the national Program provides training seminars and 
instructional materials in UCR procedures. Throughout 
the country, liaison with state Program and law enforce- 
ment personnel is established, and training sessions are 
held to explain the purpose of the Program, the rules of 
uniform classification and scoring, and the methods of 
assembling the information for reporting. When an indi- 
vidual agency has specific problems in compiling its crime 
statistics and remedial efforts are unsuccessful, FBI 
Headquarters' personnel may visit the contributor to aid 
in resolving the difficulties. 

As a further aid, contributing agencies are supplied with 
the Uniform Crime Reporting Handbook which details 
procedures for classifying and scoring offenses. Also, 
since a good records system is essential for accurate crime 
reporting, the FBI furnishes the Manual of Law Enforce- 
ment Records which serves as a guide in the establishment 
of a sound law enforcement records system. 

To enhance communication among Program partici- 
pants, the UCR "Newsletter" and State UCR Program 
"Bulletin" are utilized to explain revisions in the Program, 
as well as present information and instructional material. 
Newsletters are produced as needs arise. 

The final responsibility for data submissions rests with 
the individual contributing law enforcement agency. 
Although the Program makes every effort through its 
editing procedures, training practices, and correspond- 
ence to assure the validity of the data it receives, the 
statistics' accuracy depends primarily on the adherence of 
each contributor to the established standards of reporting. 
Deviations from these established standards which cannot 
be resolved by the national UCR Program may be 
brought to the attention of the Committee on Uniform 
Crime Records of the lACP or Committee on Uniform 
Crime Reporting of the NSA. 

Reporting Area 

One method of analyzing the statistics submitted to the 
UCR Program is the presentation of the data by reporting 
areas. Geographically, the United States is divisible by 
regions and divisions. Further breakdowns by city size 
rely on population figures and proximity to metropolitan 
areas. 

A Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (SMSA) is 
generally made up of a core city or cities with a combined 
population of 50,000 or more and the surrounding county 
or counties which share certain metropolitan characteris- 
tics. "Other cities," most of which are incorporated, are 



those outside SMSAs. For crime reporting purposes, rural 
counties are those outside the SMSAs. As a general rule, 
sheriffs, county police, and state police report crimes 
committed within the limits of the counties but outside 
cities, while local police report crimes committed within 
the city limits. 

Certain tables within this publication present statistics 
relative to "suburban" areas. A suburban area consists of 
cities with less than 50,000 inhabitants together with 
counties which are within an SMSA. In this context, the 
core city is, of course, excluded. The concept of suburban 
area is especially important in a study of this nature 
because of the particular crime conditions which exist in 
the communities surrounding the Nation's largest cities. 

During 1981, law enforcement agencies active in the 
UCR Program represented 99 percent of the United States 
population living in the SMSAs, 95 percent of the 
population in "other cities," and 93 percent of the rural 
population. When considering the national population, as 
reported by the Bureau of the Census, the total combined 
coverage accounted for 97 percent. 

The vast majority of the United States law enforcement 
community submits crime reports to the UCR Program. 
However, each tabular presentation in this publication 
shows the extent of population coverage represented by 
the data included. More detailed information concerning 
the geographical entities used in this publication can be 
found in Appendix III. 
Population Data 

Population estimates by the Bureau of the Census as of 
July 1, 1981, were used to compute crime rates for the 
Nation, states, and geographic regions and divisions. 
Using these estimates along with 1980 preliminary census 
counts, the UCR Program's staff extrapolated the popula- 
tions of individual counties and cities. The estimated 
United States population increase in 1981 was approxi- 
mately 2 percent over the 1980 census. 
Offense Estimation 

Tables 1 through 4 of this publication contain statistics 
for the entire United States. Because not all law enforce- 
ment agencies provide data for complete reporting peri- 
ods, estimated crime counts for such agencies are used in 
the above-mentioned presentations. Offense estimation 
occurs within each of three areas: Standard Metropolitan 
Statistical Areas, "other cities," and rural counties. Using 
the known crime experiences of similar areas within a 
state, the estimates are computed by assigning the same 
proportional crime volumes to nonreporting agencies. 

Crime Trends 

Showing fluctuations from year to year, crime trend 
statistics offer the data user an added perspective from 
which to study crime. Percent change tabulations in this 
publication are computed only for reporting units which 
have provided comparable data for the periods under 
consideration. Exclusions from trend computations are 



made when figures from a reporting agency are not 
received for comparable time frames or when it is 
ascertained that unusual fluctuations are due to such 
variables as improved records procedures, annexations, 
etc. 

Care should be exercised in any direct comparisons 
between data in this publication and those in prior issues 
of Crime in the United States. Valid percent changes for 2, 
5, and 10 years are presented in this book's tabular 
portions. 

Recent Developments 

In their capacities as advisory groups, the lACP and 
NSA some years ago proposed a thorough evaluative 
study of the UCR Program's utility and effectiveness. 
Their proposal grew from concerns that the national 
Program itself had remained virtually unchanged in terms 
of the data collected and disseminated, while an expansion 
had occurred with respect to the capabilities of law 
enforcement to supply the crime information, the number 
and diversity of users of UCR statistics, and the utility of 
the data. Recognizing these concerns and its role in the 
broad spectrum of the national criminal justice communi- 
ty, the Bureau of Justice Statistics has agreed to under- 
write a comprehensive study scheduled to commence in 
1982. The study will be conducted by an independent 
research firm and will be composed of three phases. Part 
one will consist of an examination of the historical 
evolution of the Program; the second will identify a 
number of alternatives for the future direction of the 
Program; and during the third, computer software and 



equipment requirements consonant with the phase II 
proposals will be developed. All UCR Program partici- 
pants, as well as data users, should benefit from the overall 
study which will be conducted with an eye toward 
enhancement. Its success will depend on the cooperative 
spirit of all law enforcement. 

During the 3 years of the UCR Program's arson data 
collection, marked improvement in the number of law 
enforcement agencies reporting such information was 
seen. While coverage is not yet sufficient to compute valid 
estimates for the Nation as a whole or for individual 
states, the data received in 1981 were complete enough to 
allow establishing trends for 1980 versus 1981 and to 
tabulate more extensive clearance percentages. Therefore, 
Sections II and III have been expanded to include these 
new statistics. 

Federal legislation regarding arson is still pending in 
Congress. Among other measures, the proposed Bill 
(S.294) would require that the FBI conduct a special data 
collection effort for arson like those currently in operation 
on law enforcement officers killed, bombings, assaults on 
Federal officers, and parental kidnapings. 

The number of state-level UCR Programs now stands at 
40. While some of these Programs are having budgetary 
problems similar to those which resulted in the demise of 
their counterparts in other states, it now appears as if most 
will continue operation. The state Program concept is 
vital to the overall UCR Program, and efforts continue to 
keep these state data collection agencies as active partici- 
pants. 



CRIME CLOCK 
1981 




one 
VIOLENT CRIME < 
every 24 seconds 



one 
CRIME INDEX OFFENSE < 
every 2 seconds 



one 
PROPERTY CRIME < 
every 3 seconds 



one 

MURDER 

every 23 minutes 

one 
FORCIBLE RAPE 
every 6 minutes 

one 

ROBBERY 

every 55 seconds 

one 

AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 

every 49 seconds 

one 

BURGLARY 

every 8 seconds 

one 
LARCENY-THEF 
every 4 seconds 

one 

MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT 

every 29 seconds 



The crime clock should be 
convey the annual reported i 
This mode of display should 
represents the annual ratio ol 



d with care. Being the most aggregate represenution ot UCR data, it is designed t 
experience by showingthe relative frequency of occurrence of the Index Offenses. 

■ taken to imply a regularity in the commission of the Pan I Offenses; rather, it 

■ to fixed time intervals. 



SECTION II 
CRIME INDEX OFFENSES REPORTED 



MURDER AND NONNEGLIGENT MANSLAUGHTER 
DEFINITION 



Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter, as defined in the Uniform Crime 
Reporting Program, is the willful (nonnegligent) killing of one human being by 
another. 

The classification of this offense, as for all other Crime Index offenses, is based 
solely on police investigation as opposed to the determination of a court, medical 
examiner, coroner, jury, or other judicial body. Not included in the count for this 
offense classification are deaths caused by negligence, suicide, or accident; 
justifiable homicides, which are the killings of felons by law enforcement officers in 
the line of duty or by private citizens; and attempts to murder or assaults to murder, 
which are scored as aggravated assaults. 





TUFlNin 




Year 
1980 


Number of offenses 
23.044 


Rate per 100.000 

inhabitants 

10.2 

9.8 

-3.9 


1981 

Percent change 


22.516 

-2.3 



/^olume 

In the United States during 1981, approximately 2 
)ercent of all violent crimes committed were murders, 
lumbering an estimated 22,516. More of these offenses 
jccurred in July than in any other month of the year. 

An overall view of the four regions of the Nation 
iisclosed that the most populous, the Southern States, 
iccounted for 43 percent of the murders. The Western 
states reported 20 percent; the North Central States 
ecorded 19 percent; and the Northeastern States, 17 
percent. 























* "» 


UUHDEH BY MONTH 






V.,l„l«n From Anna., A,.,^. 


7^ 


•^^^^ 





























' 


IK 




m 




lA 


H. FEB. MAR. APR. MAY 


JUNE 


JULY 


AUG. 


SEPT. 


OCT. 


NOV. 


DEC. 



rrend 

Nationwide, the murder volume fell 2 percent from the 
1980 level. With the exception of a 6-percent increase in 
;ities with 100,000 to 249,999 inhabitants, decreases in 
murder were evident in all population groups, 1981 versus 
1980. The Nation's largest cities, those with populations 
over 250,000, experienced a 3-percent decline. The mur- 
der volume was also down in the suburban areas and in 
the rural counties, by 5 and 2 percent, respectively. 




Of the regions, only the Southern States showed an 
upswing from their murder total of a year ago. In 1981, 
murder offenses in the South rose 2 percent, while in the 
Western States, they dropped 7 percent. In the North 
Central States, they declined 6 percent, and in the 
Northeastern States, they were down 2 percent. 

The accompanying chart reveals an increase of 18 
percent nationally in the murder counts from 1977 to 
1981. 

Rate 

Like the national experience of the last 2 years, an 
average of 10 of every 100,000 United States inhabitants 
were murder victims in 1981. 

When the number of murder victims was related to the 
regional populations, the most populous Southern States 
averaged 13 murders per 100,000 people. This rate 
represented a 1-percent decrease from 1980. In the 
Western States, for which a murder rate of 10 per 100,000 
inhabitants was recorded, the rate dropped 10 percent. 
The Northeastern States experienced a 2-percent decline 
in their murder rate, which was 8 per 100,000 population. 
The North Central States' rate of 7 victims per 100,000 
inhabitants fell 6 percent from the previous year. 

Collectively, the SMSAs reported a murder rate of 1 1 
victims per 100,000 inhabitants; the rural counties record- 
ed a rate of 7 per 100,000 inhabitants; and cities outside 
metropolitan areas (Other Cities) registered a murder rate 
of 5 per 100,000 inhabitants. 

Nature 

For each murder reported to the UCR Program, 
contributing agencies provide supplemental information 
which is more extensive than for the other Index crimes. 
Submitted monthly, the data consist of the age, sex, race, 
and ethnic origin of both victims and offenders; the types 
of weapons used; the relationships of victims to the 
offenders; and the circumstances surrounding the mur- 
ders. 

These statistics revealed that approximately 77 percent 
of the murder victims in 1981 were males. An average of 
54 of every 100 victims were White, 44 were Black, and 2 
were persons of other races. 



1 I 












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Je<|2| III t§| 



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ill 

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-•^S— S.2R 1)2=; S'<5 
5^6<:S-I III 1§I 



Age, Sex, Race, 


and Ethnic Origin of Murder Victims, 1981 




















Number 


Percent 


Sex 


Race 


Ethnic Origin 


Age 


Male 


Female 


Unknown 


While 


Black 


American 
Indian or 
Alaskan 
Native 


Asian or 
Pacific 
Islander 


Unknown 


Hispanic 


Non- 
Hispamc 


Unknown 




20,053 


100.0' 
.9 
1.6 
.8 
1! 
7.9 
16.4 
16.5 
13.7 
9.0 
7.0 
5.5 
5.2 
4.0 
2.9 
1.9 
1.4 
2.4 
1.8 


15.498 

77.3 

97 

168 

92 

106 

1,190 

2,587 

2,671 

2,228 

1,445 

1,132 

872 

855 

635 

437 

260 

193 

249 

281 


4,538 
22.6 

85 
144 

64 
108 
398 
708 
639 
520 
360 
269 
230 
194 
173 
141 

114 

92 
228 

71 


17 


10,831 

54.0 

116 

175 

95 

127 

893 

1.695 

1.589 

1,350 

936 

792 

636 

593 

487 

347 

240 

!88 

353 

219 


8.782 

43.8 

60 

130 

56 

83 

658 

1,529 

1.658 

1.341 

826 

584 

450 

433 

309 

224 

128 

90 

119 

104 


125 


185 
.9 
3 
5 

3 


130 
.6 


2.737 

13.6 

21 

27 

16 

23 

330 

542 

506 

385 

252 

205 

118 

84 

68 

25 

16 

17 

15 

87 


11.982 

59.8 

III 

191 

79 

115 

846 

1,953 

1.966 

1.631 

1.071 

847 

699 

678 

532 

383 

242 

179 

327 

132 


5.334 




26.6 


Infant (under 1) . 

1 to 4 

5 to 9 

10 to 14 

15 to 19 


182 

312 

156 

214 

1,588 

3,295 

3,310 

2,748 

1.805 

1.401 

1,102 

1,049 

808 

578 

374 

285 

477 

369 


50 




94 




3 
14 
20 
11 
1! 
12 
3 
3 
3 
2 

1 


61 




76 




13 
26 
24 
32 
21 
10 
9 
12 
8 
3 
5 
5 
4 
2 


412 




800 


25 to 29 




838 




732 


35 to 39 




482 




349 






285 






287 






208 


60 to 64 




170 




116 


70 to 74 

75 and over 






89 




135 


17 


42 


150 







'Because of rounding, percentages may not add to total. 



Murder, Type of Weapon Used, 1981 



[Percent distributic 



Region 


1 

Total 

all 

weapons 

used' 


Fire- 
arms 


Knife 
or other 
cutting 
instru- 
ments 


Unknown 
or other 
danger- 
ous wea- 
pons 


Personal 
weapons 


Northeastern States 

North Central States .... 

Southern States 

Western States 


100.0 
lOO.O 
100.0 
100.0 


53.4 
62.8 
68.0 
57.6 


24.0 
18.2 
17.2 
21.3 


14.6 
13.0 
10.7 
14.2 


7.9 
6.0 
4.1 
6.8 


Total 


100.0 


62.4 


19.4 


12.5 


5.6 



'Because of rounding, percentages may not add to total. 

Identified in connection with the felonious deaths of 
14,728 persons in 1981 were 16,456 offenders. Ninety- 
three percent of those killed were slain in single-victim 
situations; 12,247 by lone offenders and 1,520 by more 
than one assailant. Also slain were 783 persons by 344 
offenders in situations where there were multiple victims 
and single offenders. Concerning homicides involving 
multiple victims/multiple offenders, 178 persons were 
slain by 203 assailants. 

Firearms continued to be the dominant weapons used in 
the commission of murders throughout the United States 
during 1981. Of those murders for which the weapon was 
reported, 50 percent were by handguns, 8 percent by 
shotguns, and 5 percent by rifles. Weapons other than 
firearms included cutting or stabbing instruments, which 
were employed in 19 percent, and other dangerous 



weapons such as blunt instruments, poison, explosives, 
etc., which were used in 13 percent. Personal weapons 
(hands, fists, feet, etc.) accounted for the remaining 6 
percent. 

Within this section are presentations illustrating the 
number of murder offenses nationally in 1981 for which 
the types of weapons used were reported to the UCR 
Program. Also shown is a tabular analysis of murder 
weapons for the years 1977 through 1981. 

As has been noted in prior issues of this publication, 
criminal homicide is primarily a societal problem over 
which law enforcement has little or no control. Support- 
ing this statement is the fact that 55 percent of the murders 
committed in 1981 were perpetrated by relatives or 
persons acquainted with the victims. Seventeen percent of 
these killings were within family relationships, one-half of 
which involved spouse killing spouse. 

Murder, Type of Weapon Used, 1977-1981 

[Percent distribution] 





Total 


Fire- 


Knife or 
other 
cutting 

ments 


Unknown 
or other 
danger- 
pens 




Year 


Number 


Percent' 


Personal 
weapons 


1977 

1978 

1979 

1980 

1981 


18.033 
18.714 
20,591 
21.860 
20.053 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


62.5 
63.6 
63.3 
62.4 
62,4 


19.1 
18.8 
19.2 
19.3 

19.4 


12.9 
11.8 
11.9 
12.5 
12.5 


5.6 
5.7 
5.6 
5.8 
5.6 



'Because of rounding, percentages may not add to total 



Murder Victims— Weapons Used, 1981 





Number 


Weapons 


Age 


Fire- 


Cutting or 
stabbing 
instrument 


Blunt ob- 
ject (club, 
hammer, 
etc.) 


Personal 
weapons 
(hands, 
fists, feet, 
etc.) 


Poison 


Explosives 


Arson 


Narcotics 


Strangu- 
lation 


Asphyxia- 


Other 
weapon or 

weapon 
not stated 


Total 


20,053 


12,523 


3,886 


1,038 


1,132 


12 


16 


258 


20 


337 


150 


681 


Infant (under 1) 

1 to 4 


182 

312 

156 

214 

1,588 

3,295 

3,310 

2,748 

1,805 

1,401 

1.102 

1,049 

808 

578 

374 

285 

477 

369 


30 

44 

107 

1,026 

2,245 

2,262 

1,895 

1,208 

924 

739 

619 

478 

320 

190 

120 

116 

194 


10 
15 
18 
36 
330 
664 
666 
528 
364 
273 
203 
224 
137 
125 
75 
62 
94 
62 


16 
33 
9 
16 
55 
99 
116 
110 
87 
68 
66 
71 
73 
42 
42 
34 
82 
19 


79 
150 
26 
13 
48 
100 
97 
88 
67 
76 
48 
63 
54 
42 
39 
33 
101 
8 


3 
2 

1 

,2 


2 


6 

33 
28 
16 
17 
24 
16 
19 
12 
2 
6 
17 
12 
9 
10 

14 
13 


1 


3 
6 

6 

45 
52 
53 
36 
17 
17 
13 
13 
11 
15 
10 

8 
16 

9 


10 

14 
11 

24 
4 


43 
34 




12 


10 to 14 

15 to 19 

20 to 24 

25 to 29 

30 to 34 

35 to 39 

40 to 44 






3 
2 
2 


4 
3 
2 


58 
89 
82 
63 


3 
1 
1 

1 


37 
32 
23 


50 to 54 


2 

1 


35 




19 


65 to 69 

70 to 74 

75 and over 

Unknown 




1 


7 




15 




27 




59 







Orcumstance by Relationship, 1981 



Victim 


Total 


Felony 
type 


Suspected 
felony type 


Romantic 
triangle 


Argument 
over money 
or property 


Other 

arguments 


Miscellaneous 

non-felony 

type 


Unable to 
determine 


Total' 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


Husband 


3.8 
4.8 
.6 
.9 
1.0 
1.3 
1.3 
.2 
3.0 
29.5 
3.8 
1.3 
1.8 
1.5 
15.5 
29.6 




8.7 

1.8 
7.8 
76.2 


3.9 
7.3 


2.3 
2.0 


8.2 
8.3 

.8 
1.4 

.3 
1.1 
2.3 

.3 
5.3 
40.5 
5.6 
2.7 
3.2 
2.1 
9.8 
7.9 


3.9 
6.6 
1.0 
1.5 
3.3 
3.5 
1.2 
.3 
3.9 
36.1 
3.4 
1.0 
1.9 
1.2 
13.4 
17.8 


.5 

2.2 




J 


Father 




1.2 


.4 


.2 


.4 


Son 

Brother 


.3 
2.8 


.5 


.2 


J 




.1 


Other family 


20.2 

39.2 
33.4 


1.6 
53.9 
8.4 
4.7 
6.7 
1.0 
8.4 
3.7 


2.8 
56.4 
12.5 
.8 
1.0 
3.1 
9.2 
5.4 


.4 
9.0 


Friend 

Boyfriend 

Girlfriend 

Neighbor 

Stranger 


1.7 

-2 
.5 
.5 
9.8 







'Because of rounding, percentages may not add to total. 





MURDER 

TYPE OF WEAPON USED 

1981 




HANDGUN 





50% 


RIFLE 


Z]5% 






SHOTGUN 


18% 










CUniNG OR STABBING 


iiiiiB 


19% 








OTHER WEAPON 

(CLUB, POISON, ETC.) 

PERSONAL WEAPON 

(HANDS, FISTS, FEET, ETC.) 


Iil3% 
{6% 







Murder Circumstances/Motives, 1977-1981 





1981 


1980 


1979 


1978 


1977 


TOTAL 

PERCENT' 


20,053 
100.0 


21,860 
100.0 


20,591 
100.0 


18.714 
100.0 


18,033 
100.0 


FELOIMY TOTAL 


17.2 
10.4 
1.8 
1.4 
3.6 

5.5 

1? 

4.1 
3.0 
32.5 

17.1 
17.8 


17.7 
108 
1.7 
1.5 
3.7 

6.7 

44.6 

2.3 

4.8 
2.6 
35.0 

15.9 
15.1 


16.9 
10.5 
1.9 
1.6 
2.9 

5.3 
42.9 
2.4 

4.5 
3.0 
33.0 

17.2 
17.7 


16.7 
10.2 
1.7 

3^3 
5.6 
45.5 
2.7 

5.3 
3.5 
33.9 

18.3 
13.8 


167 


Robbery 

Narcotics 

Sex Offenses 


9.9 

1.7 
I 7 






SUSPECTED FELONY ... 
ARGUMENT TOTAL .... 

Romantic Triangle 

Influence of Alcohol 
and/or Narcotics' 

Property or Money 

Other Arguments 

OTHER MOTIVES OR 

CIRCUMSTANCES 

UNKNOWN MOTIVES .. 


5.9 
46.6 
2.8 

5.3 
3.3 
35.2 

16.6 
14.2 



'Because of rounding, percentages may not add to totals. 
'Murders committed during arguments while under influence of 
counted in felony murders. 

Arguments resulted in 42 percent of all murders, while 
17 percent occurred as a result of felonious activities such 
as robbery, rape, etc. Six percent were suspected to be the 
result of some felonious activity. The accompanying table 
shows murder circumstances/motives for the past 5 years. 

Oearances 

The clearance rate for murder in 1981 was higher than 
for any other Crime Index offense. Nationwide, law 



enforcement agencies were successful in clearing 72 
percent of the murders occurring in their jurisdictions. 
City law enforcement agencies cleared 71 percent of 
the murders during the year, while those in suburban areas 
and rural counties cleared 72 and 77 percent, respectively. 
In 1981, persons under 18 years of age accounted for 4 
percent of the willful killings cleared by law enforcement 
in cities, 5 percent of those cleared in rural counties, and 6 
percent of those cleared in suburban areas. 

Persons Arrested 

From 1980 to 1981, murder arrests for all ages and for 
persons 18 years of age and over increased 8 percent. 
Arrests of persons under age 18 rose 7 percent during the 
same period. 

In 1981, of all persons arrested for murder, 43 percent 
were under 25 years of age, with 9 percent of the total 
being 17 or younger. The 18- to 24-year age group 
showed the greatest involvement in this offense, account- 
ing for 34 percent of the total 1981 murder arrests. 

Whites comprised 50 percent of the total arrestees for 
murder in 1981; Blacks made up 49 percent; and the 
remainder were of other races. The collection of statistics 
regarding ethnic origin was initiated in 1980; and accord- 
ing to the 1981 data reported to the UCR Program, 24 
percent of the juvenile arrestees, 15 percent of the adult 
arrestees, and 16 percent of the total arrestees were of 
Hispanic ethnicity. 



12 



FORaBLE RAPE 
_ DEFINITION _ 



Forcible rape, as defined in the Program, is the carnal knowledge of a female 
forcibly and against her will. Assaults or attempts to commit rape by force or threat 
of force are also included; however, statutory rape (without force) and other sex 
offenses are not included in this category. 





TWFNn 




Year 

1980 

1981 

Percent change 


Number of offenses 
82.088 
81,536 

-.1 


Rate per 100.000 

inhabitants 

36.4 

35.6 

-2.2 



Volume 

During 1981, an estimated 81,536 forcible rapes came to 
the attention of law enforcement. Duplicating the experi- 
ence of past years, forcible rape again accounted for 6 
percent of the volume of violent crimes and less than 1 
percent of the total Crime Index. Geographically, the 
Southern States, the region with the largest population, 
recorded 36 percent of the forcible rape volume; the 
Western States accounted for 27 percent; the North 
Central States recorded 21 percent; and the Northeastern 
States, 16 percent. 

The accompanying chart indicates that more forcible 
rapes occurred in the summer months than during any 
other time of the year. The greatest number were 
recorded in July, while the lowest incidence occurred in 
February and December. 













FORCIBLE RAPE BY mum 






^^ ^^^ 












lA 


N. FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. 


NOV. DE 


C. 



Trend 

According to 1981 figures, reported forcible rapes 
nationwide dropped 1 percent in volume from 1980. The 
1981 forcible rape volume fell 3 percent in cities having 1 
million or more residents; dropped 2 percent in the 
suburban areas and in cities with populations over 
250,000; and decreased less than 1 percent in the rural 
counties. Two city population groupings showed in- 
creases for the 2-year period. The groupings of cities with 
populations from 10,000 to 24,999 and from 250,000 to 
499,999 each registered 2-percent upward trends. 




In looking at the forcible rape experience in the four 
geographic regions, decreases of 5 percent in the North 
Central States and 1 percent in the Western States 
occurred, while the Northeastern and Southern States 
each reported increases of 1 percent. 



When comparing the 1981 national forcible rape figures 
to those for 1977, a 29-percent rise in volume resulted for 
the 5-year period. 

Rate 

By Uniform Crime Reporting definition, the victims of 
forcible rape are always female. In 1981, an estimated 69 
of every 100,000 females in the country were reported 
rape victims, a rate decrease of 3 percent from 1980. Since 
1977, the forcible rape rate has risen 21 percent. 

In 1981, the female forcible rape rate was 81 victims per 
100,000 females in the SMSAs and 40 per 100,000 females 
in cities outside metropolitan areas (Other Cities). In the 
rural counties this rate remained the same as last year's-30 
per 100,000 females. On a regional basis, 98 per 100,000 
females in the West were forcible rape victims. In the 
South, the female forcible rape rate was 74; in the North 
Central States, 56; and in the Northeastern States, 53. 

Nature 

Of all reported offenses in this category during 1981, 76 
percent were rapes by force. Attempts or assaults to 
commit forcible rape comprised the remainder. Even with 
the advent of rape crisis centers and an improved 
awareness by police dealing with rape victims, forcible 
rape, a violent crime against the person, is still recognized 
as one of the most underreported of all Index crimes. 
Victims' fear of their assailants and their embarrassment 
over the incidents are just two factors which can affect 
their decisions to contact law enforcement. 

Clearances 

Forty-eight percent of known forcible rapes in the 
Nation were cleared by arrest or exceptional means in 
1981. The rural counties recorded a 63-percent clearance 
rate; the suburban areas, a 49-percent clearance rate; and 
cities, a 46-percent rate. Of the total clearances for 
forcible rape, the Nation as a whole recorded 9 percent 
involving only persons under the age of 18. The cities and 
suburban areas each had 10 percent involving that age 
group, while the rural counties reported 8 percent. 

Persons Arrested 

Total forcible rape arrests in 1981 were up 2 percent 
from 1980, while a 15-percent increase was evident from 
1977. Arrests of persons under 18 years of age for this 
offense increased 4 percent from 1977, and adult arrests 
climbed 17 percent for the same time period. 

Fifty-two percent of the forcible rape arrests in 1981 
were of males under the age of 25, with 27 percent of the 
arrestees in the 18- to 22-year age group. Fifty percent of 
the persons arrested for forcible rape in 1981 were White, 
48 percent were Black, and all other races comprised the 
remainder. Ten percent of the forcible rape arrestees in 
1981 were Hispanic. 



ROBBERY 
DEFINITION 



Robbery is the taking or attempting to take anything of value from the care, 
custody, or control of a person or persons by force or threat of force or violence 
and/or by putting the victim in fear. 





TRFNn 




Year 
1980 .. 


Number of offenses 
548,809 


Rate per 100.000 

inhabitants 

243.5 

250.6 

+ 2.9 


1981 


574 134 


Percent change 


+ 4.6 



Volume 

The estimated 574,134 robberies occurring during 1981 
comprised 4 percent of the total Crime Index and 43 
percent of the violent crimes. For the year, the fourth 
quarter recorded the most robbery incidents even though 
December had a higher volume than any other month. 

Regionally, the Northeastern States experienced the 
highest proportion of robberies, 34 percent of the total. 
The Southern States followed with 27 percent; the 
Western States reported 22 percent; and the North 
Central States accounted for the remainder. 




SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. 



Trend 

Robbery rose 5 percent in volume over the previous 
year and 42 percent over the 1977 experience. Reported 
robbery offenses, 1981 versus 1980, increased in cities 
over 250,000 in population and in the suburban areas, 6 
and 3 percent, respectively. A decrease of 1 percent was 
recorded by the rural counties. 

All four regions experienced an upsurge in robbery 
from 1980 to 1981. In the Northeastern States, the increase 
was 8 percent; in the Southern States, 4 percent; in the 
Western States, 3 percent; and in the North Central States, 
1 percent. 

The accompanying chart depicts the trend in the 
volume of robbery, as well as the robbery rate, for the 
years 1977-1981. 



Rate 

In 1981, the robbery rate for the Nation was 251 per 
100,000 inhabitants, up 3 percent from the 1980 rate. That 
robbery is primarily a large-city crime is illustrated by the 
fact that during 1981, 7 out of 10 occurred in cities with 
populations of 100,000 or more. The robbery rate for 
these cities was 698 per 100,000 people. 

SMSAs recorded a robbery rate of 323 per 100,000 
inhabitants for the year. In cities outside metropolitan 
areas (Other Cities), the rate was 61 robbery offenses per 
100,000 population, and in the rural counties, it was 21 per 
100,000 inhabitants. 

Robbery occurred most frequently in the Northeastern 
States, where the rate was 391 per 100,000 inhabitants. 
The rate per 100,000 inhabitants for the Western States 
was 280; for the Southern States, 200; and for the North 
Central States, 176. 

Nature 

The value of property stolen during robberies in 1981 
was an estimated $382 million, with an average loss per 
incident of $665. However, the impact of this violent 
crime on its victims cannot be measured in terms of 
monetary loss alone. While the object of a robbery is to 
obtain money or property, the crime always involves 
force or threat of force, and many victims suffer serious 
personal injury. 

The greatest number of robberies reported in 1981 was 
perpetrated on the streets or highways; the average loss 
for this type of robbery was $441. Bank robbery registered 
the highest average loss, $3,654, but comprised only 1 
percent of all robberies. 

Robbery, Percent Distribution, 1981 






Total 


North- 
eastern 
States 


North 
Central 
States 


Southern 
States 


Western 
States 


Total' 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


Street/Highway 

Commercial house 

Gas or service station .. 

Convenience store 

Residence 

Bank 


52.1 

13.1 
4.1 
6.3 

11.0 
1.4 

12.1 


59.2 

11.7 
2.8 
1.9 

13.1 
.8 

10.5 


54.7 

10.9 
4.9 
5.2 

10.4 
.9 

13.1 


46.0 

13.2 
4.8 

11.6 
9.5 
1.2 

13.7 


46.6 
16.8 







'Because of rounding, percentages r 



STREET ROBBERY 

1977- 1981 

UP 67% 



+ 100% 

+ 75% 
+ 50% 
+ 25% 


- 25% 



ROBBERY OF 
COMMERCIAL HOUSE 

1977 - 1981 

UP 33% 




ROBBERY OF 
GAS STATION 

1977 - 1981 

UP 8% 



+ 100% 

+ 75% 

+ 50% 

+ 25% 





ROBBERY OF 
CONVENIENCE STORE 

1977 - 1981 

UP 32% 




- 25% 

1981 1977 



ROBBERY OF RESIDENCE 

1977 - 1981 

UP 39% 



+ 100% 

+ 75% 
+ 50% 
+ 25% 


- 25% 



BANK ROBBERY 

1977 - 1981 

UP 59% 




Robbery, Type of Weapon Used, 1981 

[Percent distribution] 





Total 

all 

weapons' 


Armed 




Region 


Fire- 


Knife or 
other 
cutting 
instru- 


Other 
weapons 


Strong- 
armed 


Northeastern States ... 
North Central States .. 

Southern States 

Western States 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


34.6 
38.3 
46.9 
42.0 


17.0 
9.8 
10.4 
12.5 


9.7 
11.7 
7.1 


38.7 
40.2 

35.7 
37.4 


Total 


100.0 


40.1 


13.1 


8.9 


37.9 



'Because of rounding, percentages may not add to totals- 
Ill 1981, 40 percent of all robberies reported were 
committed through the use of firearms; 38 percent by 
strong-arm tactics (hands, fists, feet, etc.); 13 percent by 
the use of knives or cutting instruments; and 9 percent 
through the use of other weapons. 

During the 5-year period, 1977 to 1981, all types of 
robbery increased in volume. Street robberies surged 67 
percent; bank robberies rose 59 percent; gas and service 
station holdups rose 8 percent, and those of other 
commercial or business establishments climbed 33 per- 
cent. Residential robberies were up 39 percent during 
these same 5 years. 



Clearances 

Nationally, 24 percent of the robbery offenses reported 
to law enforcement were cleared during 1981. Rural law 
enforcement agencies were successful in clearing 40 
percent of the robbery offenses reported to them, while 
those in suburban areas cleared 27 percent and those in 
cities, 23 percent. Robbery clearances involving only 
persons under 18 years of age accounted for 17 percent of 
the total reported in the suburban areas, 13 percent in the 
cities, and 10 percent in the rural counties. 

Persons Arrested 

Robbery arrests rose 5 percent in 1981 as compared to 
1980. All areas reported a rise in the volume of arrests for 
this offense. In the cities, they increased 5 percent; in the 
suburban areas, 3 percent; and in the rural counties, 1 
percent from the previous year. 

Data on arrests disclosed that 71 percent of the persons 
arrested for robbery were under 25 years of age, 51 
percent were under 21, and 29 percent were under 18. 

An average of 7 of every 100 persons arrested for 
robbery during 1 98 1 were female. Arrests of women for 
this offense increased 5 percent when compared to 1980 
figures. 

From the standpoint of race, 60 percent of those 
arrested were Black, 39 percent were White, and the 
remainder were of other races. Twelve percent of the 
robbery arrestees were Hispanic. 



Robbery, Percent Distribution, 1981 

[By population group] 





Group I (56 
c.ties 250,000 

and over; 

population 
41,315,000) 


Group II (113 
cities 100,000 to 
249,999; popula- 
tion 16,659,000) 


Group III (293 
cities 50,000 to 
99,999; popula- 
tion 19,980,000) 


Group IV (612 
cities 25,000 to 
49,999; popula- 
tion 21,054,000) 


Group V (1,565 
cities 10,000 lo 
24,999; popula- 
tion 24,562,000) 


Group VI (6,462 
cities under 
10,000; popula- 
tion 22.952,000) 


County 

agencies 

(3,989 agencies; 

population 

70,057,000) 


Total' 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


Street/Highway 

Commercial house 

Gas or service station 


58.6 

11.8 
2.6 
3.5 

11.3 
1.0 

11.0 


51.5 
15.1 

10.0 


47.1 
14.2 
5.5 
9.5 
9.0 
1.9 
12.8 


42.4 

14.9 
6.8 

11.1 
9.6 
2.0 

13.2 


33.7 

15.6 
9.0 

14.1 
9.6 
2.0 

15.9 


28.6 
16.0 

9.2 
14.0 
11.7 

2.1 
18.4 


32.1 


Residence 

Bank 

Miscellaneous 


2.0 
17.0 



'Because of rounding, percentages may not add to totals. 



AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 
DEFINITION 



Aggravated assault is an unlawful attack by one person upon another for the 
purpose of inflicting severe or aggravated bodily injury. This type of assault is 
usually accompanied by the use of a weapon or by means likely to produce death or 
great bodily harm. Attempts are included since it is not necessary that an injury 
result when a gun, knife, or other weapon is used which could and probably would 
result in serious personal injury if the crime were successfully completed. 





TPFNn 








Rate per 100.000 


Year 


Number of offenses 


inhabitants 


1980 


654.957 


290.6 


1981 


643.720 


280.9 


Percent change 


-1.7 


-3.3 



19 



Volume 

The total number of aggravated assaults in 1981 was 
estimated at 643,720. This offense comprised 5 percent of 
the Crime Index total and 49 percent of the violent crimes. 
Our Nation's most populous region, the Southern States, 
accounted for 37 percent of all aggravated assaults. States 
within the Western Region reported 24 percent; those 
within the Northeastern Region, 20 percent; and those 
within the North Central Region, 19 percent. 

As in previous years, the summer months of 1981 
experienced the highest volume of this offense. 




FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. 



Trend 

Between 1980 and 1981, the volume of aggravated 
assaults reported decreased 2 percent. Cities with popula- 
tions over 250,000, like the Nation as a whole, recorded a 
2-percent decline, while the suburban areas and the rural 
counties each had decreases of less than 1 percent. 

Only one geographic region recorded an increase 
during the year for this offense, the Southern States with a 
1-percent rise. Experiencing decreases in aggravated 
assaults were the North Central States, 6 percent; the 
Western States, 3 percent; and the Northeastern States, 
less than 1 percent. 
Rate 

The 1981 aggravated assault rate was 281 per 100,000 
inhabitants, down 3 percent from 1980. When compared 
with the 1977 rate of 242, the 1981 figure was 16 percent 
higher. 




Geographically, the Western States had the highest 
rate, 350 per 100,000. Following were the Southern States 
with 313; the Northeastern States with 259; and the North 
Central States with 205. 

Nature 

In 1981, 24 percent of the aggravated assaults were 
committed with firearms; knives or other cutting instru- 



ments were used in 22 percent; 28 percent were commit- 
ted with blunt objects or other dangerous weapons; and 
the remainder were committed with personal weapons 
such as hands, fists, and feet. 

A comparison of 1977 and 1981 revealed that aggravat- 
ed assaults committed with firearms increased 25 percent 
during the 5-year period. Assaults with knives or other 
cutting instruments rose 17 percent; assaults where blunt 
objects or other dangerous weapons were used increased 
28 percent; and those aggravated assaults committed 
through the use of personal weapons climbed 22 percent. 

The accompanying table shows the regional experience 
of aggravated assault in 1981 by type of weapon used. 

Aggravated Assault, Type of Weapon Used, 1981 

[Percent distribution] 



Region 


Total 

all 

weapons' 


Fire- 


Knife or 
other 
cutting 

ments 


Other 

weapons; 

club, 

poison, 

etc. 


Personal 
weapons 


Northeastern States 

North Central States .... 

Southern States 

Western States 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


16.9 
22.5 
27.8 
23.3 


23.5 
20.7 
23.6 
19.1 


28.4 
30.5 
26.1 
29.0 


31.1 
26.3 
22.4 
28.5 


Total 


100.0 


23.6 


22.0 


28.1 


26.3 



'Because of rounding, percentages may not add to totals. 

Clearances 

The Nation's law enforcement agencies cleared an 
average of 58 per 100 reported cases of aggravated assault 
during 1981. Nine percent of the clearances were for 
offenses in which only persons under age 18 were 
identified as the assailants. 

City law enforcement agencies cleared 58 percent of 
the aggravated assaults reported to them. Rural and 
suburban agencies cleared 67 percent and 59 percent, 
respectively. Persons under 18 years of age accounted for 
9 percent of the city clearances, 11 percent of the 
suburban clearances, and 6 percent of those in the rural 
counties. 

Persons Arrested 

The number of persons arrested for aggravated assault 
in 1981 was nearly 267,000, up 3 percent over the 1980 
total. Persons arrested for this offense comprised 57 
percent of all arrestees for violent crimes. 

During the 5-year period, 1977-1981, total arrests for 
aggravated assaults increased 18 percent. Arrests of 
persons 18 years of age and over rose 21 percent, while 
the number of arrests of persons under age 18 increased 1 
percent. 

In 1981, arrests of males for this offense outnumbered 
those of females by 7 to 1. Whites comprised 61 percent of 
the arrestees for aggravated assault; Blacks, 37 percent; 
and all other races, the remainder. Eighty-eight percent of 
the arrestees were non-Hispanic. 



20 



BURGLARY 
DEFINITION 



The Uniform Crime Reporting Program defines burglary as the unlawful entry of 
a structure to commit a felony or theft. The use of force to gain entry is not required 
to classify an offense as burglary. Burglary in this Program is categorized into three 
subclassifications: forcible entry, unlawful entry where no force is used, and 
attempted forcible entry. 





TPFlVn 




Year 
1980 


Number of offenses 
3,759,193 


Rate per 100.000 

inhabitants 

1.668.2 

1.6311 

-2.2 


1981 

Percent change 


3,739.821 
-.5 



21 



Volume 

The national burglary experience in 1981 was estimated 
at over 3.7 million offenses. Burglaries accounted for 28 
percent of the Crime Index total and 31 percent of all 
property crime. 

Geographically, the Southern States, the most populous 
region, recorded 33 percent of all reported burglaries; the 
Western States, 24 percent; the Northeastern and North 
Central States, 21 percent each. 

Monthly variations for burglary showed the highest 
volume in January, while the lowest incidence was 
reported in April. 





















JMI 


BURGLARY BY MONTH 




\l,n.ao„ From A^n.,,1 A.,,^. 




- m 








lA 


N. FEB. MAR. APR. MAY 


JUNE JULY 


AUC. 


SEPT. 


OCT. 


NOV. 


«.| 



Trend 

Percent change figures for the Nation showed the 
burglary volume decreasing 1 percent in 1981 from the 
1980 total. In the Nation's cities, burglary offenses 
declined less than 1 percent, and both the suburban areas 
and rural counties recorded drops of 2 percent. A 
comparison of national figures for 1981 and 1977 showed 
a 23-percent increase in the number of burglaries during 
the 5-year period. 

Geographically, two of the regions recorded marginal 
upward trends in burglary during 1981 as compared to 
1980. The Western States registered a 1 -percent rise and 
the Southern States, an increase of less than 1 percent. 
The other regions showed decreases. In the North Central 
States, burglaries declined less than 1 percent, and in the 
Northeastern States, they declined 3 percent. 




Rate 

Nationally, a burglary rate of 1,632 per 100,000 inhabi- 
tants was recorded in 1981. While the 1981 rate decreased 
2 percent from 1980, it was up 16 percent over 1977. 

In the SMSAs, a rate of 1,858 for every 100,000 in 
population was reported. The cities outside metropolitan 
areas (Other Cities) had a rate of 1,209 per 100,000, and 



the rural counties showed a rate of 787 per 100,000 
inhabitants. 

The burglary rate dropped in all four regions in 1981 
from the previous year. In the Western States, the rate 
was 2,041, a decrease of 2 percent. The Northeastern 
States' rate of 1,619 fell 4 percent, followed closely by the 
Southern States' rate of 1,614, which declined 3 percent. 
In the North Central States, the rate of 1,360 was down 1 
percent. 
Nature 

Residential property was targeted in 67 percent of the 
reported burglaries during 1981; nonresidential property 
accounted for the remaining 33 percent. Burglaries of 
residences rose 1 percent over the 1980 experience, but 
nonresidential offenses dropped 4 percent. 

Both day and nighttime occurrences of residential 
burglary increased 1 percent between 1980 and 1981. 
Daytime nonresidential burglaries rose 3 percent, but 
nighttime incidences fell 5 percent. 

Seventy-three percent of the burglaries in 1981 in- 
volved forcible entry, 19 percent were unlawful entries 
(without force), and the remainder were forcible entry 
attempts. 

Burglary represented a substantial financial loss in 1981. 
Victims of this offense suffered losses estimated at $3.5 
billion, and the average dollar loss per burglary was $924. 
Clearances 

Adults were involved in 74 percent of all burglary 
offenses cleared during 1981. Only young people under 18 
years of age were offenders in the remaining 26 percent. 

In the suburban areas, persons under age 18 accounted 
for 29 percent of the burglary clearances; in the rural 
counties, they comprised 25 percent; and in cities with 
more than 250,000 inhabitants, they were offenders in 18 
percent. 

Of the burglaries reported within their jurisdictions in 
1981, law enforcement agencies in rural counties cleared 
17 percent; those in the suburban areas recorded a 
clearance rate of 15 percent; and agencies in cities with 
250,000 or more inhabitants obtained clearances in 12 
percent of these crimes. The national burglary clearance 
rate was 14 percent. 

Persons Arrested 

In the UCR Program, several persons may be arrested 
in connection with the clearance of one crime, or the 
arrest of one individual may clear numerous offenses. The 
latter is often true in cases of burglary. A comparison of 
arrest figures for 1977 and 1981 shows a 5-percent 
increase in total burglary arrests, but a 14-percent drop in 
arrests of persons under 18 years of age. Arrests of adults 
for burglary jumped 24 percent during the 5-year period. 

From 1980 to 1981, burglary arrests rose 1 percent. An 
increase of 5 percent was seen for arrests of persons 18 
years of age and over, while a decrease of 4 percent 
occurred for persons under the age of 18. Arrests for 



22 



urglary were up 4 percent in the rural counties, 2 percent 18. An average of 6 of each 100 persons arrested for this 

1 the Nation's cities, and less than 1 percent in the crime during 1981 were female. Of the total burglary 

aburban areas. arrestees. Whites accounted for 68 percent, Blacks for 30 

Nationally in 1981, persons under 25 years of age percent, and other races for the remainder. Eighty-nine 

ccounted for 79 percent of all arrests for burglary, and 43 percent of the persons arrested for burglary were non- 

ercent of all arrested for this crime were under the age of Hispanic. 



23 



RESIDENCE 
BURGLARY 

NIGHTTIME 
1977 - 1981 
UP 16% 



■ •ujjaatiMau" 



100% 



75% 



50% 



25% 



25% 



RESIDENCE 
BURGLARY 

DA YTIME 
1977 - 1981 

UP 37% 




1981 1977 1978 1979 



NONRESIDENCE 
BURGLARY 

NIGHTTIME 
1977 - 1981 
UP 6% 



NONRESIDENCE 
BURGLARY 

DA YTIME 
1977 - 1981 
UP 22% 



100% 



+ 75% 



50% 



+ 25% 



25% 

1979 1980 1981 1977 1978 1979 

BURGLARIES OF UNKNOWN TIME OF OCCURRENCE ARE NOT INCLUDED 




LARCENY-THEFT 



DEFINITION 



Larceny-theft is the unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of 
property from the possession or constructive possession of another. It includes 
crimes such as shoplifting, pocket-picking, purse-snatching, thefts from motor 
vehicles, thefts of motor vehicle parts and accessories, bicycle thefts, etc., in which 
no use of force, violence, or fraud occurs. In the Uniform Crime Reporting 
Program, this crime category does not include embezzlement, "con" games, 
forgery, and worthless checks. Motor vehicle theft is also excluded from this 
category for crime reporting purposes inasmuch as it is a separate Crime Index 
offense. 





TUFNin 




Year 

1980 

1981 


Number of offenses 
7.112.657 
7 154 541 


Rate per 100,000 

inhabitants 

3,156.3 

3,122.3 

-1.1 


Percent change 


+ .6 



Volume 

Estimated at over 7.1 million offenses, larceny-theft 
comprised 54 percent of the Crime Index total and 60 
percent of all property crimes in 1981. This high-volume 
crime occurred most frequently in August and least often 
during February. 

The Southern States, which combined are the most 
populous, reported the highest number of larceny-thefts, 
32 percent of the total. The North Central States followed 
with 25 percent; the Western States recorded 24 percent; 
and the Northeastern States accounted for 19 percent. 




Trend 

Up 1 percent in volume nationally, larceny-theft 
showed varying trends in the cities, suburban areas, and 
rural counties. Collectively, the cities, like the Nation as a 
whole, recorded a 1 -percent increase for 1981 as com- 
pared to 1980. For the suburban areas, however, a 1- 
percent decline was registered, and in the rural counties, a 
decrease of less than 1 percent occurred. 

Considering the four geographic regions of the country, 
a rise of 2 percent was recorded for the Southern States; a 
1 -percent increase was reported in the Western States; the 
Northeastern States showed a decrease of less than 1 
percent; and the North Central States registered a 1- 
percent decline. 



LARCENY-THEFT 

NUMBER OF OFFENSES UP 21% 

RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS UP 14% 






















^ 






^^.,,*«^-'" 


ss:^=^^^ 













The Western States reported the highest 1981 larceny- 
theft rate with 3,937 offenses per 100,000 inhabitants, a 2- 
percent decrease from 1980. Also showing a 2-percent 
rate decline, the North Central States had 3,068 larceny- 
thefts per 100,000 inhabitants during 1981. The Southern 
States' rate of 2,954 was down less than 1 percent; and the 
Northeastern States, with a rate of 2,721, reported a 
decrease of 1 percent. 

Nature 

In 1981, the average value of property stolen by 
larceny-theft was $340 per incident, up from $307 in 1980. 
When the average value was applied to the estimated 
number of larceny-thefts, the loss to victims nationally 
was $2.4 billion for the year. This estimated larceny dollar 
loss is considered conservative since other studies have 
indicated that many offenses in the larceny category, 
particularly if the value of the stolen goods is small, never 
come to police attention. Also, the relatively low clear- 
ance rate (19 percent) indicates that the overall loss is not 
likely to be substantially affected by recovered property. 
The average value of goods and property reported 
stolen as a result of pocket-picking in 1981 was $235; by 
purse-snatching, $196; and by shoplifting, $72. Miscella- 
neous thefts from buildings and thefts from motor vehicles 
averaged $518 and $366. respectively, and thefts of motor 
vehicle accessories resulted in average losses of $192 per 
offense. 

Thefts of motor vehicle parts, accessories, and contents 
accounted for 37 percent of the larceny-theft volume in 
1981. Other major types of thefts which contributed to the 
large number of these crimes were those from buildings, 
17 percent; shoplifting, 11 percent; and bicycles, 9 
percent. The remainder was distributed among pocket- 
picking, purse-snatching, thefts from coin-operated ma- 
chines, and miscellaneous types of larceny-thefts. The 
accompanying table presents the distribution of larceny- 
theft by type and geographic region. 
Larceny Analysis by Region, 1981 
[Percent distribution] 



Rate 

During 1981, there were 3,122 larceny-thefts per 
100,000 United States inhabitants, a decrease of 1 percent 
from the 1980 rate and up 14 percent over the 1977 rate. 

The 1981 larceny-theft rate was 3,485 per 100,000 
inhabitants in SMSAs, 3,390 per 100,000 inhabitants in 
cities outside metropolitan areas (Other Cities), and 1,097 
in the rural counties. 





Total- 


North- 
States 


North 
Central 
States 


Southern 
States 


Western 
States 


Total- 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 




1.1 
1.5 

17.8 

19.0 
9.3 
16.6 

.8 
22.4 


3.4 
2.6 
9.9 

18.8 

18.5 
9.9 
19.8 

.6 
16.4 


.5 
1.4 
10.2 

13.2 

19.2 
10.3 
18.9 

.7 
25.5 


.6 

10^9 

17.6 

21.1 
7.6 
14.2 

1.1 
25.6 


.7 


Purse-snatching 

Shoplifting 

From motor vehicles 

(except accessories) .... 
Motor vehicle 

accessories 


14.3 

21.8 

16.5 
10.2 




15.0 


From coin-operated 


.8 


All others 


19.6 






'Because of rounding, pe 


rcentages ra 


ay not add 


o totals. 







POCKET-PICKING 

1977 - 1981 

UP 41% 



+ 100% 

+ 75% 
+ 50% 
+ 25% 


- 25% 



PURSE-SNATCHING 

1977 - 1981 

UP 26% 



SHOPLIFTING 

1977-1981 

UP 24% 



-I- 100% 

+ 75% 

+ 50% 

-I- 25% 





THEFT FROM 
MOTOR VEHICLES 

1977 - 1981 

UP 26% 



-25% 

1981 1977 



THEFT OF MOTOR 
VEHICLE ACCESSORIES 

1977-1981 

UP 13% 



+ 100% 

+ 75% 
+ 50% 

+ 25% 


- 25% . 



THEFT OF BICYCLES 

1977 - 1981 

DOWN 1% 



?^mmm 



THEFT FROM BU 

1977 - 1981 

UP 21% 


ILDINGS 


^^T 1 





+ 100% 
+ 75% 
+ 50% 

+ 25% 


- 25% 



THEFT FROM 
COIN MACHINES 

1977 - 1981 

DOWN 2% 



27 





LARCENY ANALYSIS 
1981 




/ 




,^^^ PURSt - SNATCHING Z% 

P^:::^ POCKET - PICKING 1% 
^^^^^^^COIN MACHINES 1% 
^^^SHOPLimNG 11% 

^^^^^"^ BICYCLES 9% 
^^^"^FROM MOTOR VEHICIFS 18% 

^^^-FROM BUILDINGS 17% 

^"^^ MOTOR VEHICLE ACCESSORIES 19% 

^^"^^^ALL OTHERS 22% 


t 

UJ 

s 




'^mim 




I 





















Oearances 

Nationwide in 1981, 19 percent of all reported larceny- 
thefts were cleared. Law enforcement agencies in the 
Nation's cities cleared 19 percent of the larceny-thefts 
brought to their attention; those in suburban areas cleared 
18 percent. One of every 4 of the clearances by these 
agencies involved persons under 18 years of age exclu- 
sively. In the rural counties, the larceny-theft clearance 
rate was 16 percent, with 18 percent of the clearances 
accounted for by persons under the age of 18. 

Persons Arrested 

The number of persons arrested for larceny-theft was 
up 16 percent during the period 1977-1981. Adult arrests 
jumped 32 percent for this 5-year period, while those of 
persons under 18 years of age dropped 7 percent. Between 



1980 and 1981, total larceny-theft arrests rose 6 percent, as 
did arrests of both males and females. Adult arrests 
increased 10 percent, while arrests of persons under 18 
declined 1 percent. 

The larceny-theft category not only comprised the 
largest portion of the total Crime Index offenses reported, 
it also accounted for 52 percent of the total arrests for 
Index crimes in 1981. Fifty-two percent of these arrests 
were of persons under 21 years of age, and 35 percent of 
the arrestees were under 18. Females, who were arrested 
for this offense more often than for any other in 1981, 
comprised 29 percent of all larceny-theft arrestees. 

Whites accounted for 66 percent of the total larceny- 
theft arrests and Blacks for 32 percent. All other races 
made up the remainder. Ninety-one percent of the 
arrestees were persons of some non-Hispanic ethnicity. 



MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT 
DEFINITION 



In Uniform Crime Reporting, motor vehicle theft is defined as the theft or 
attempted theft of a motor vehicle. This definition excludes the taking of a motor 
vehicle for temporary use by those persons having lawful access. 



Year Number of offenses 

50 1,114,651 

51 1,073,988 

Percent change -3.6 



Rate per 100,000 

inhabitants 

494.6 

468.7 

-5.2 



Volume 

Although motor vehicle thefts in 1981 occurred less 
frequently than a year ago, they still accounted for 8 
percent of all Index crimes. An estimated 1,073,988 
offenses were reported nationwide, with 30 percent of 
them occurring in the Northeastern States; 26 percent in 
the Southern States; and 22 percent each in the Western 
and North Central States. 

Monthly figures showed that the greatest number of 
motor vehicle thefts was recorded in August. February 
accounted for the lowest volume. 




FEB. MAR. APR. MAY JUNE JULY AUG. SEPT. OCT. NOV. DEC. 



Trend 

When comparing 1981 to 1980, the number of motor 
vehicle thefts dropped 4 percent nationally, with the 
decrease extending into all regions, areas, and population 
groups. Among the various population groupings, only 
those cities having 1 million or more inhabitants recorded 
an increase, a 4-percent upswing. 

In the rural counties, motor vehicle thefts fell 8 percent 
in volume from 1980; in the suburban areas, they were 
down 6 percent; and in the Nation's cities, they decreased 
3 percent. 

Percent changes for the regions pointed out a 1 -percent 
decline in motor vehicle theft in the Southern States, 3- 
percent decreases in both the North Central and North- 
eastern States, and an 8-percent drop in the Western 
States. 

The accompanying chart illustrates that since 1977 the 
number of motor vehicle thefts nationwide has increased 
1 1 percent. 




Rate 

The national motor vehicle theft rate was 469 offenses 
per 100,000 inhabitants in 1981, a 5-percent decrease from 
the 1980 rate. Compared to the 1977 experience, the rate 
increased 5 percent. 



In 1981, 1,398 thefts per 100,000 inhabitants occurred in 
cities with populations over 1 million. The motor vehicle 
theft rate in the SMSAs was 570 per 100,000 inhabitants; 
in cities outside metropolitan areas (Other Cities), 236 per 
100,000; and in the rural counties, 119 per 100,000. The 
continuing high motor vehicle theft rates in the most 
heavily populated municipalities of the Nation clearly 
indicate this crime is primarily a large-city problem. 

Geographically, the motor vehicle theft rates were as 
follows: 653 offenses per 100,000 inhabitants in the 
Northeastern States; 534 per 100,000 in the Western 
States; 401 per 100,000 in the North Central States; and 
364 per 100,000 in the Southern States. These rates 
represented decreases in all four regions, 1981 over 1980. 
The North Central States' rate was down 3 percent; the 
rate in both the Northeastern and Southern States fell 4 
percent; and the Western States' rate dropped 10 percent. 

Motor Vehicle Theft, 1981 

[Percent distribution) 



Region 


Total 


Autos 


Trucks 
and 
buses 


Other 
vehicles 


Northeastern States .... 
North Central States ... 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


88.7 
72.6 
66.0 
66.6 


5.9 
14.2 
18.6 
18.1 


5.4 
13.2 


Western States 


15.3 


Total 


100.0 


74.6 


13.6 


11.8 



Nationally, an estimated average of 1 of every 150 
registered motor vehicles was stolen in 1981. Regionally, 
this rate was greatest in the Northeastern States where 1 1 
of every 1,000 motor vehicles registered were stolen. The 
other three areas reported lesser rates — 7 per 1,000 in the 
Western Region and 5 per 1,000 in both the North Central 
and Southern Regions. 

Nature 

Of all motor vehicles reported stolen during the year, 
75 percent were automobiles, 14 percent were trucks or 
buses, and the remainder were other types. 

The average value of the vehicles when stolen was 
$3,173, for an estimated total national loss of $3.4 billion. 

Clearances 

Nationwide in 1981, law enforcement agencies cleared 
14 percent of the motor vehicle thefts reported in their 
locales. Those in cities cleared 13 percent; those in the 
suburban areas cleared 17 percent; and rural agencies 
cleared 32 percent. By geographic location, clearance 
percentages for motor vehicle theft ranged from 22 
percent in the West North Central and Mountain Divi- 
sions to 8 percent in the New England and the Middle 
Atlantic Divisions. 

A high proportion of the clearances in all geographic 
divisions and population groups involved only persons 
under 1 8 years of age. In the suburban areas, persons in 



this age group accounted for 23 percent of the motor 
vehicle thefts cleared, and in both the Nation's cities and 
the rural counties, they comprised 21 percent. 

Persons Arrested 

As in prior years, motor vehicle theft arrests primarily 
involved the younger segment of the Nation's population. 
During 1981, 61 percent of all persons arrested for motor 
vehicle theft were under 21 years of age, and those under 
18 accounted for 40 percent of the total. 



When the total volume of arrests for this offense during 
1981 was compared with that of the previous year, a 
decrease of 7 percent was observed. Arrests of persons 
under 18 were also down, 18 percent, but adult arrests 
rose 2 percent over 1980. For all ages collectively, a 12- 
percent drop in motor vehicle theft arrests was evident 
during the period 1977-1981. 

In 1981, 68 percent of motor vehicle theft arrestees 
were White, 30 percent were Black, and the remainder 
were of other races. Fourteen percent of all persons 
arrested for this offense were Hispanic. 



32 



ARSON 
DEFINITION 



Arson is defined by the Uniform Crime Reporting Program as any willful or 
malicious burning or attempt to burn, with or without intent to defraud, a dwelling 
house, public building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal property of another, etc. 

Only fires determined through investigation to have been willfully or maliciously 
set are classified as arsons. Fires of suspicious or unknown origins are excluded. 



33 



Background 

In response to a congressional mandate, the UCR 
Program added arson to its Crime Index and commenced 
a data collection on arson as a Part I crime in 1979. Prior 
to the implementation of the collection, with the input of 
many concerned parties, the Program established specific 
requirements and procedures for reporting arsons. 

Since the entire concept of the Crime Index is based on 
actual offenses known to law enforcement, it was decided 
that only fires determined through investigation to have 
been willfully or maliciously set, including attempts, were 
to be reported as arsons. Unknown origin or suspicious 
fires were to be excluded until definitely determined to be 
arsons, and therefore, crimes. 

The UCR policy on scoring multiple-offense situations, 
i.e., two or more Index crimes occurring at the same time 
and place, was modified for arson reporting only. Before 
the addition of arson to the Index, contributing law 
enforcement agencies were instructed that in such situa- 
tions only one crime, based on an established hierarchy of 
offenses, was to be reported. It was, however, recognized 
that arson frequently occurred in conjunction with other 
Index crimes and that valuable information could be lost if 
the past procedure was employed. Therefore, it was 
determined that arson should be exempt from the hierar- 
chy rule and that all arsons should be reported regardless 
of their commission in conjunction with another Crime 
Index offense. 

Volume 

Representing 86 percent of the United States popula- 
tion, 1 1 ,048 UCR law enforcement participating agencies 
submitted six or more monthly arson reports during 1981. 
On these submissions, a total of 122,610 arson offenses was 
reported for the year. Most of the agencies (10,046) were 
able to provide at least six monthly reports with complete, 
detailed information, including type of structure and 
extent of damage. 

Trend 

This year, for the first time, percent changes are 
presented for arson. The decision to present trend infor- 
mation at this time was based upon the substantial number 
of law enforcement agencies making this information 
available and representing, also, a substantial amount of 
the Nation's population. When viewing the trend informa- 
tion, as presented this year, caution is recommended. As 
with any newly developed statistical effort, a certain 
amount of learning and experience must be acquired by all 
the participants. A possibility exists that initial information 
collected overstated the number of actual arsons as a 
result of misunderstanding the difference between a bona 
fide arson and a fire of suspicious origin. As the UCR 
Program contributors gain experience in collecting and 
classifying arson offenses, the validity of the data reported 
should improve. 

The arson trend tabulations, as shown in Tables 9-12 of 
this publication, were computed using reports from law 



enforcement agencies providing 6 or more comparable 
months of arson data for 1980 and 1981. Nationally, a 7- 
percent decrease in reported arson occurred during the 2- 
year period. By city size, this trend ranged from a 13- 
percent decrease in cities with 25,000 to 49,999 inhabitants 
to an increase of less than 1 percent in cities with 
populations over 1 million. By property type, those arsons 
in which structures were the targets decreased 2 percent, 
while arsons of both mobile and other types of property 
were down 13 percent nationwide. 

Nature 

The most frequent targets of arson in 1981 were 
structures, comprising 56 percent of the total reported 
incidents. Mobile property (motor vehicles, trailers, air- 
planes, boats, etc.) accounted for 23 percent of the arsons, 
while the remainder were directed at other property 
(crops, timber, fences, signs, etc.). 

Residential property was the target in 59 percent of the 
structural arsons during 1981, with 42 percent of such 
offenses directed at single-occupancy residences. Seven- 
teen percent of all targeted structural property was 
uninhabited or abandoned at the time the arson occurred. 

Motor vehicles comprised 91 percent of all mobile 
property at which arsons were directed. 

Arson, Type of Property, 1981 

[10,046 agencies; 1981 estimated population 173,503,000] 



Property Classification 


Number 

of 
offenses 


Percent 
distribution' 


TOTAL 


97,202 


1000 






TOTAL STRUCTURE 


54,601 
22,700 
9,535 
6,091 
1,087 
7,102 
5,592 
2,494 
21.938 
19,874 
2,064 
20,663 


56 2 


Single Occupancy Residential 

Other Residential 

Storage 

Industrial/Manufactunng 

Other Commercial 

Community/Public 

other Structure 
TOTAL MOBIIE 

Motor Vehicles 

Other Mobile 
OTHER 


23.4 
9.8 
6.3 
1.1 

7.3 
5.8 
2.6 

22.6 
20.4 
2,1 
21.3 






'Because of rounding, percentages may not add lo totals 







Arson, Structures Not in Use, 1981 

[10,046 agencies; 1981 estimated population 173,503,000] 





Number 


Percent 


Type of Structure 


of 


not 




offenses 


in use 


TOTAL 


54,601 


17.1 






Single Occupancy Residential 


22,700 


23.6 


Other Residenlial 


9,535 


12.8 


Storage 


6,091 


17.9 


Industrial/Manufactunng 


1,087 


9.8 


Other Commeicial 


7,102 


9 1 


Community/Public 


5.592 


5.4 




2,494 


25.5 



34 



Arson, Monetary Value of Property Damaged, 1981 

[10.046 agencies; 1981 estimated population 173,503,000] 



Property Classification 


Number 

of 
offenses 


Average 
damage 


TOTAL 


97,202 


$9,399 




TOTAL STRUCTURE 

Single Occupancy Residential 


54,601 
22,700 
9,535 
6,091 
1,087 
7,102 
5,592 
2,494 

21,938 
19,874 
2,064 

20,663 


14,777 
9,458 






13,721 
59 358 














8,728 
2,740 


TOTAL MOBILE 






6,621 
2,269 


OTHER 





The monetary value of property damaged due to 
reported arsons in 1981 was $914 million, and the average 
loss per incident was $9,399. Industrial/manufacturing 
structures registered the highest average loss, $59,358 per 
offense. 

Clearances 

Collectively, all agencies reporting arson clearance data 
in 1981 showed a 15-percent clearance rate. City law 
Enforcement agencies cleared 14 percent of the arson 
offenses brought to their attention; those in suburban 
counties cleared 18 percent; and those in the rural 
counties cleared 21 percent. 

Young persons under the age of 18 exclusively account- 
ed for 38 percent of the arson clearances nationwide. This 
percentage of juvenile involvement was higher than for 
any other Index crime. 

The accompanying tables show clearance data only for 
those 10,046 law enforcement agencies which were able 
to furnish breakdowns by type for the structural and 
mobile classifications. As can be seen, the highest clear- 
ance rate (34 percent) was recorded for offenses in which 
community or public structures were involved, while the 
lowest (10 percent) was registered for motor vehicles. 

Persons Arrested 

During 1981, the estimated number of arrests for arson 
totaled 20,600, a 4-percent increase over 1980 and up 13 
percent over the 1977 total. Of all persons arrested for 
arson, 42 percent were under 18 years of age and 67 



percent were under 25. Males comprised 89 percent of all 
arson arrestees. 

Seventy-eight percent of the persons arrested for this 
offense were White, 20 percent were Black, and the 
remainder were of other races. Hispanics comprised 7 
percent of the arrestees. 
Arson Offenses Oeared by Arrest,' 1981 



[10.046 agencies'; 1981 estimated 


populatio 


n 173,503,000] 












Number 


Percent 






of 


cleared 








offenses 


by 


irrest 


TOTAL 


97,202 




182 










TOTAL STRUCTURE 


54,601 




21.8 


Single Occupancy Residential 






22,700 




21.9 


Other Residential 






9,535 




23.3 


Storage 






6,091 




17.5 


Industnal/Manufacturing 






1,087 




16.8 


Other Commercial 






7,102 




15.7 


Communily/Public 






5,592 




34.3 


Other Structure 






2,494 




16.8 


TOTAL MOBILE 






21,938 




106 


Motor Vehicles 






19,874 




10.1 


Other Mobile 






2,064 




14.8 


OTHER 






20,663 




16 9 







'Includes offenses cleared by exceptional 
mie number of agencies used in this tab 

19-22. To be included in this table, it 

property classification. 



Arsons Qeared by Arrest,' 1981 

Percent involving only persons under 18 years of age 
[10,046 agencies'; 1981 estimated population 173,503,000] 



Property Classification 


Total 
cleared 


Percent 
under 18 




17,688 








TOTAL STRUCTURE 


11,879 
4,960 
2,219 
1,064 

183 
1,117 
1,917 

419 
2,319 
2,014 

305 
3,490 


36 9 






Other Residential 


29 6 




52 4 






Other Commercial 


26 1 




54 8 






TOTAL MOBILE 

Motor Vehicles 


23.4 
21 1 


Other Mobile 

OTHER 


38.7 
57 4 







'Includes ofTenses cleared by exceptional means. 

The number of agencies used in this table is lower than the number used in Tables 
19-22. To be included in this table, it was necessary that arson clearances be reported by 
property classification. 



35 



. <in 


CRIME INDEX TOTAL 

CRIME INDEX OFFENSES UP 22% 

RATE PER 100,000 INHABITANTS UP 15% 




+ 20 

+ 10 



—10 














^,,,.^^- 


'^'Z» """— 












1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 



Crime Index Total 

Estimated at about 13.3 million, the number of Crime 
Index offenses occurring in 1981 showed virtually no 
change from the previous year. Considering longer time 
frames, the 1981 total was up 22 percent over 1977 figures 
and 61 percent higher than those for 1972. 

As a group, the Index's violent crimes rose 1 percent 
over 1980, 31 percent over 1977, and 58 percent over 
1972. Property crime remained relatively stable in 1981 as 
compared to the previous year but increased 21 percent 
from 1977 and 61 percent from 1972. 



Two-year comparisons (1981 versus 1980) for the 
individual violent crimes showed murder and aggravated 
assault down 2 percent, forcible rape down 1 percent, and 
robbery up 5 percent. 

In the property crime category, motor vehicle theft 
decreased 4 percent and burglary dropped 1 percent. 
Larceny-theft, the only property crime to increase, was 
up 1 percent. 

The estimated crime figures for all Index offenses 
covering these time periods are set forth in the table, 
"National Crime, Rate, and Percent Change." 



National Crime, Rate, and Percent Change 





Estimated 


crime 1981 


Percent change over 1980 


Percent change over 1977 


Percent change over 1972 


Offense 




Rate per 




Rate per 




Rate per 




Rate per 




Number 


100,000 
inhabitants 


Number 


100,000 
inhabitants 


Number 


100,000 
inhabitants 


Number 


100.000 
mhabrtants 






5,799.9 




-1.7 


+ 21.5 


+ 14.7 






Modified Crime Index total 






















Violent crime 


1,321,900 


576.9 


+ 1.0 




+ 30.9 


+ 23.6 


+ 58.3 


+ 43.9 


Property cnme 


11,968,400 


5,223.0 


-.2 


-1.8 


+ 20.6 


+ 13.8 


+ 61.4 


+46.7 


Murder 


22,520 


9.8 


-2.3 




+ 17.8 


+ 11.4 


+ 20.6 


+ 8.9 


Forcible rape 


81,540 


35.6 


-.7 




+ 29.4 


+ 22.3 


+ 74.0 


+ 58.2 


Robbery 


574,130 


250.6 


+ 4.6 


+ 2.9 


+ 41.8 


+ 33.9 


+ 52.6 


+ 38.7 


Aggra\ated assault 


643,720 


280.9 


-1.7 




+ 23.2 


+ 16.3 


+ 63.8 


+ 48.8 


Burglaiy 


3,739,800 


1,632.1 


-.5 




+ 22.5 


+ 15.7 


+ 57.4 


+ 43.1 


Larceny-theft 


7,154,500 


3,122.3 


+ .6 


-1.1 


+ 21.1 


+ 14.4 


+ 72.3 


+ 566 


Motor vehicle theft 


1,074,000 


468.7 


-3.7 


-5.2 


+ 10.9 


+ 4.7 


+ 21.1 


+ 10.0 


Arson 



















'Because of rounding, offenses may not add lo totals. 



36 



Regional Offense and P 


opulation E 


istribution. 


1981 


















Region 


Population 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Modified 
Crime 
Index 
total 


Murder 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggravated 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson 


United States total" 

Northeastern States .... 
North Central States . . 

Southern States 

Western States 


100.0 


100.0 




100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 




21.5 
25.7 
33.6 
19.2 


21.1 
23.2 
31.8 
23.9 




17.5 
19.2 
43.4 
20.0 


16.5 
20.8 
35.7 
27.1 


33.6 
18.1 
26.8 
21.5 


19.8 
18.7 
37.4 
24.0 


21.3 
21.4 
33.2 
24.1 


18.7 
25.2 
31.7 
24.3 


30.0 
22.0 
26.1 
21.9 






-entages may not add to totals. 



















Provided in the table, "Regional Offense and Popula- 
tion Distribution, 1981," are data showing the geographi- 
cal distribution of estimated Index crimes and population. 
When utilizing figures presented on a regional basis in this 
publication, the reader is cautioned to consider each 
region's proportion of the total United States population. 
For example, while the Southern States accounted for the 
largest volume of Crime Index offenses in 1981, they also 
represented the greatest regional population. 

Crime Rate, Region, 1981 

[Rate per 100,000 inhabitantsj 



Offense 


North- 
eastern 
states 


North 
Central 
States 


Southern 
Slates 


Western 
states 


Crime Index total 


5,678.1 


5,246.5 


5,496.9 


7,203.1 


Modified Crime Index total 


Violent 

Property 


685.1 
4,993.0 


417.5 
4,829.0 


564.1 
4,932.8 


690.9 
6,512.3 


Murder 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary 

Larceny-theft 

Motor vehicle theft 

Arson 


8.0 

27.2 

390.9 

259.0 

1,619.0 

2,720.9 

653.1 


7.3 

28.8 

176.5 

205.0 

1,359.8 

3,067.9 

401.3 


12.7 
37.8 
200.3 
313.3 
1,614.3 
2,954.1 
364.4 


10.2 
50.2 
280.2 
350.4 
2,041.1 
3,936.7 
534.5 



Based on the Index offenses, crime rates relate the 
incidence of reported crime to population. However, 
many factors, some of which appear on page v of this 
publication, influence the nature and extent of crime in the 
particular community. A crime rate takes into consider- 
ation only the factor of population and does not incorpo- 
rate any of the other elements which contribute to the 
amount of crime in a given area. 

The table, "Crime Rate, Region, 1981," lists the crime 
rates for the four geographic regions of the United States. 

The table, "Crime Rate, Area, 1981," presents the crime 
experience in SMSAs, rural counties, and cities and towns 
3uside metropolitan areas (Other Cities), illustrating the 
tiigher crime rates in the metropolitan areas. 

Note 

The collection of statistics on arson as a Crime Index 
offense was begun in 1979. However, 1981 annual figures are 



not available for inclusion in tables presenting statistics for 
the total United States. Arson totals reported by individual 
law enforcement agencies are displayed in Tables 5 through 
8. Two-year arson trends are shown in Tables 9 through 12. 

Crime Rate, Area, 1981 

[Rate per 100.000 inhabitants] 



Offense 


Total 
United 
states 


Metropolitan 


Rural 
counties 


Other 

cities 


Crime Index total 

Modified Crime Index total 


5,799.9 


6,604.6 


2.176.2 


5,163.9 


Violent 

Property 


576.9 
5,223.0 


691.4 
5,913.3 


172.8 
2.003.5 


329.6 
4,834.3 


Murder 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary 

Larceny-theft 

Motor vehicle theft 


9.8 
35.6 
250.6 
280.9 
1,632.1 
3.122.3 
468.7 


II.O 

41.7 
322.5 
316.2 
1,858.4 
3,484.6 
570.3 


7.2 
15.2 
20.9 
129.4 
786.6 
1,097.5 
119.4 


5.3 
20.7 
60.5 
243.0 
1,208.9 
3,389.7 
235.7 







Crime Index Tabulations 

In the accompanying tables, data on crime in the United 
States as a whole; geographic divisions; individual states; 
Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas; cities, towns, and 
counties; and college and university campuses are present- 
ed. Although the total number of actual criminal offenses 
occurring is unknown, the volume of crimes reported to 
law enforcement agencies represent an indicator of crimi- 
nal activity. 

In reviewing the tables in this report, it must be 
remembered that many factors can cause the volume and 
type of crime to vary from place to place. Population, one 
of these factors, is used in computing crime rates; 
however, all communities are affected to some degree by 
seasonal or transient populations. Since counts of current, 
permanent population are used to construct crime rates, 
short-term population variability is not accounted for in 
these rates. 

In addition to the presentations outlined above, national 
averages for the value of property stolen in connection 
with each offense are presented in the tables. Further 
breakdowns by type for the robbery, burglary, larceny- 



37 



theft, and arson classifications are listed. Data on the type enforcement agency. The analysis, however, should not 

and value of property stolen and recovered are also end with such a comparison. It is only through an 

provided. appraisal of local conditions that a clear picture of the 

National averages can serve as a guide for the law community crime problem or the effectiveness of the law 

enforcement administrator in analyzing the local crime enforcement operation is possible, 
count, as well as the performance of the jurisdiction's law 



38 



Fable l.-Index of Crime, United States 


1981 
























Area 


Population' 


Crime 
Index 
total 


ModiHed 
Crime 
Index 
total" 


Violent 
crime' 


Property 
crime- 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Porci- 
ble 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson' 


United States Total 


229,14<i,000 


\3J90J56 

5.799.9 




U21,906 

576.9 


11,968,350 

5,223.0 


22,514 

9.8 


81,536 

35.6 


574,134 

250.6 


643,720 

280.9 


3,739,821 

1,632.1 


7,154,541 

3.122.3 


1,0734I8« 

468*7 




Rate per 100,000 
inhabitants 










171,299,879 

98.5% 
100.0% 


11.209,356 
11.313,693 

6,604.6 

1,174,739 
1,240,482 

5,163.9 

694,843 
736,081 

2,176.2 




1,176,719 
1,184,296 

691.4 

75,336 
79.173 

329.6 

54.804 
58.437 

172.8 


10,032,637 
10,129,397 

5,913.3 

1,099,403 
1.161.309 

4,834.3 

640,039 
677,644 

2,003.5 


18,717 
18,815 

II.O 

1,202 
1,279 

5.3 

2,221 
2,422 

7.2 


70,895 
71,401 

41.7 

4,707 
4.983 

20.7 

4.799 
5.152 

15.2 


550,452 
552,510 

322.5 

13,758 
14,541 

60.5 

6,614 
7,083 

20.9 


536,655 
541,570 

316.2 

55,669 
58.370 

243.0 

41,170 
43,780 

129.4 


3,153,856 
3,183,353 

1,858.4 

275,252 
290,404 

1,208.9 

250,249 
266,064 

786.6 


5,910,757 
5,969,058 

3,484.6 

770.604 
814276 

3,389.7 

351,749 
371.207 

1.097.5 


968,024 
976,986 

570.3 

53.547 
56.629 

235.7 

38.041 
40,373 

119.4 




Area actually reporting* 

Estimated tolal 

Rate per 100,000 
inhabitants . 




Other aties 

Area actually reporting* 

Estimated tolal 

Rate per 100,000 
inhabitants 


24,022,390 

95.0% 
100.0% 






33,823,731 

93.0% 
100.0% 




Area actually reporting* 

Estimated totals 




Rate per 100.000 
mhabitanls 





'Populations are Bureau of the Census provisional estimates as of July 1, 1981, and £ 
'Although arson data were introduced in the trend and clearance tables with this iss 
'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated ass 

included for the property crime of arson. 

*The percentage representing area actually reporting will not coincide with the rati 

for individual states which have varying populations, portions reporting, and crime rates 



; subject to change. 
t, sufficient data are 
lit. Property cnmes 



t the sum of thee 



Table 2.— Index of Crime, United States, 1972—1981 



Population- 


Crime" 
Index 
total 


Modified' 
Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent* 
crime 


Property* 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson' 


Number of offenses; 


























1972-208,230,000 


8,248,800 




834,900 


7,413,900 


18.670 


46.850 


376,290 


393,090 


2,375,500 


4,151,200 


887,200 




1973-209,851,000 


8,718,100 




875,910 


7,842,200 


19.640 


51,400 


384,220 


420,650 


2,565,500 


4,347,900 


928,800 




1974-211,392,000 


10,253,400 




974,720 


9,278,700 


20.710 


55.400 


442,400 


456,210 


3,039,200 


5,262,500 


977,100 




1975-213,124,000 


11,256,600 




1,026.280 


10,230,300 


20.510 


56,090 


464,970 


484,710 


3,252,100 


5,977,700 


1,000.500 




1976-214,659,000 


11,304,800 




986,580 


10,318,200 


18.780 


56.730 


420,210 


490,850 


3,089,800 


6,270,800 


957,600 




1977-216,332,000 


10,935,800 




1.009.500 


9,926.300 


19.120 


63.020 


404,850 


522,510 


3,052,200 


5,905,700 


968,400 




1978-218.059,000 


11,141,300 




1.061,830 


10,079.500 


19.560 


67.130 


417,040 


558,100 


3.104.500 


5,983.400 


991,600 




1979-220,099,000 


12,152,700 




1,178,540 


10.974.200 


21.460 


75.990 


466,880 


614,210 


3.299,500 


6.577.500 


1,097,20C 




1980-225,349,264 


13,295,400 




1.308.900 


11,986.500 


23.040 


82.090 


548,810 


654,960 


3.759,200 


7.112.700 


1,114.700 




1981-229.146,000 


13,290,300 




1.321.900 


11.968.400 


22.520 


81.540 


574,130 


643,720 


3,739,800 


7.154.500 


1.074,000 




Rate per 100,000 mhabitants:' 


























1972 


3,961.4 




401.0 


3,560.4 


9.0 


22.5 


180.7 


188.8 


1,140.8 


1,993.6 


426.1 




1973 


4,154.4 




417.4 


3,737.0 


9,4 


24.5 


183.1 


200.5 


1,222.5 


2,071.9 


442.6 




1974 


4,850.4 




461.1 


4,389.3 


9,8 


262 


209.3 


215.8 


1,437.7 


2,489.5 


462.2 




1975 


5,281.7 




481.5 


4,800.2 


9,6 


26.3 


218.2 


227.4 


1,525.9 


2,804.8 


469.4 




1976 


5,266.4 




459.6 


4.806.8 


8,8 


26.4 


195.8 


228.7 


1,439.4 


2.921.3 


446.1 




1977 


5,055.1 




466.6 


4,588.4 


8.8 


29.1 


187.1 


241.5 


1,410.9 


2,729.9 


447.6 




1978 


5,109.3 




486.9 


4,622.4 


9.0 


30.8 


191.3 


255.9 


1,423.7 


2,743.9 


454.7 
























2,988.4 
3,156,3 






1980 


5,899.9 




580,8 


5,319.1 


10.2 


36.4 


243.5 


290.6 


1,668.2 


494.6 






5,799.9 




576.9 


5,223.0 


9.8 


35.6 


250.6 


280.9 


1,632.1 


3,122,3 


468.7 








■Populations are Bureau of th 


e Census pro 


isional eslin 


atesasofJu 


yl. except A 


pnl 1. 1980. 


preliminary c 


ensus counts 


and are sub 


ect to Chang 






'Due to rounding, the offense 


s may not ad 


to totals. 




















■Although arson data were in 


reduced in t 


le trend and 


clearance tal 


les with this 


ssue, sufTicie 


nt data are n 


Dt avaUable 1 


3 estimate to 


als for this o 


fense. 




'Violent cnmes are offenses 


3f murder, fo 


rcible rape. 


obbery, and 


aggravated 


assault. Prop< 


rty cnmes a 


re offenses o 


f burglary, la 


irceny-theft, 


and motor v 


ehicle theft. 


Data are not 



Table 3.-Index of Crime: Region, Geographic Diyision, and State, 1980-1981 


















Year 


Population' 


Crime Index total 


Modified Crime 
Index total' 


Violent crime' 


Property crime' 


Murder and non- 
negligent manslaughter 




Number 


Rate per 
100.000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


N-,:n-.bcr 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


United States Total '' 


1980 
1981 


225,349,264 
229,146,000 


13,295,399 
13,290,256 


5,899.9 

5,799.9 

-1.7 






1,308,898 

1,321,906 

+ 1.0 


580.8 
576.9 

-.7 


11,986,501 
ll,»68,.15n 

■2 


5J19.1 

5J23.0 

•1.8 


23,044 

22,516 

•2.3 


lOJ 




9.8 














1980 
1981 


48,996,504 
49495,000 


2,825,762 

2,799,017 

-.9 

703,989 
689,739 
-2.0 
182,051 
182.823 
49.077 
48.034 
348.231 
336.701 
43.011 
40,409 
56.113 
55.709 
25,506 
26,063 


5,767.3 

5.678.1 

-1.5 

5.712.6 
5.546.3 
-2.9 
5,881.7 
5,837,3 
4.367.6 
4.243.3 
6.079.1 
5.835.4 
4,679.6 
4,321.8 
5,932.6 
5,851.8 
4,988.5 
5,060.8 






323,456 

337,715 
+ 4.4 
55,816 
58,759 
+ 5.3 
12,768 
14,033 
2.173 
2.214 
34,444 
36,273 
1,653 
1,375 
3,864 
4,205 
914 
659 


660.2 
685.1 
+ 3.8 
452.9 
472.5 
+ 43 
412.5 
448.1 
193.4 
195.6 
601.3 
628.6 
179.8 
147. 1 
408.5 
441.7 
178.8 
128.0 


2,502,306 

2,461,302 

•1.6 

648,173 
630,980 
-2.7 
169,283 
168,790 
46,904 
45,820 
313,787 
300,428 
41,358 
39,034 
52,249 
51,504 
24.592 
25,404 


5,107.1 

4,993.0 

-2.2 

5,259,7 
5,073.8 
•3.5 
5.469.2 
5.389.2 
4.174.2 
4.047.7 
5,477.8 
5,206.7 
4,499.8 
4,1748 
5,5241 
5,4101 
4,809.7 
4,932.8 


4,027 
3,940 
■22 
486 
503 
+ 3.5 
146 
168 
32 
36 
232 
210 
23 
27 
42 
40 

22 




Percent change 


8.0 
-2 4 


New England 


1980 
1981 


12,323,430 
12,436,000 


39 




4.0 


Connecticut 

Maine 

Massachusetts 

New Hampshire 


1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 


3,095,224 
3,132,000 
1.123,670 
1,132,000 
5,728,288 
5.770,000 
919.114 
935,000 
945.835 
952.000 
511.299 
515,000 


47 
5.4 
2.8 
3.2 
4.1 
3.6 
2.5 
2.9 




42 
2.2 
43 


Middle Atlantic 


1980 
1981 


36.673.074 
36,859,000 


2.121,773 
2,109,278 
■6 
469,996 
457,367 
1,209.984 
1,214,935 
441,793 
436,967 


5,785.6 
5,722.6 
-1.1 
6.401.3 
6,179.8 
6.911.6 
6,905.4 
3,736.3 
3.683.2 






267,640 
278,956 
+ 4.2 
44.373 
46.674 
180235 
188.178 
43.032 
44.104 


729.8 
756.8 
+ 3.7 
604.4 
6306 
1,029.5 
1.069.6 
363.9 
371.7 


1,854,133 

1,830,322 

•1.3 

425,623 

410,693 
1,029,749 
1,026757 

398,76! 

392,872 


5,055.8 
4,965.7 
■1.8 
5,797.0 
5.549.2 
5,882.0 
5,8358 
3,372.4 
3,311.5 


3,541 
3,437 
■2.9 
504 
542 
2,228 
2,166 
809 
729 


9 7 




9.3 


New Jersey 


1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 


7,342.164 
7.401.000 
17.506.690 
17,594.000 
11.824.220 
11.864.000 


69 




7.3 




12.3 
68 




6.1 




1980 
1981 


58,621,703 
58,862,000 


3,128,614 

3,088,195 

-1.3 

2,293.732 
2,258,741 
-1.5 
599.009 
567.049 
269,252 
248,144 
616,065 
630,640 
584,787 
587,007 
224,619 
225,901 


5,337.0 

5,246.5 

-1.7 

5,528.1 
5.424.8 
-1.9 
5,275.3 
4.950.2 
4,930.4 
4.539.8 
6,675.9 
6,854.0 
5,431.4 
5,447.4 
4,798.6 
4,766.8 






254,125 

245,767 
•3.3 

197,976 
191,014 
-3.5 
56,128 
50871 
20633 
18,672 
59,014 
59,058 
53,646 
53,509 
8,546 
8,904 


433.5 
417.5 

-3.7 
477.1 
458.8 

-3.8 
494.3 
444.1 
377.8 
341.6 
639.5 
641,9 
498.3 
496.6 
182.6 
187.9 


2,874,489 

2,842,428 

•1.1 

2,095,765 
2,067,727 
•1.3 
542.881 
516.178 
248.619 
229,472 
557.051 
571.582 
531,141 
533,498 
216,073 
216,997 


4,903.5 

4,829.0 

•1.5 

5,051.0 
4,966.1 
-1.7 
4,781.0 
4,506.1 
4,552.5 
4,198.2 
6,036.4 
6,212.2 
4.933.1 
4.950.8 
4.616.0 
4,579.0 


4,595 
4,318 
•6.0 

3.637 
3,414 
•6.1 
1.205 
1,205 
485 
388 
940 
861 
871 
799 
136 
161 




Percent change 


7.3 
■64 




1980 
1981 

1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 


41.492,018 
41.637.000 

11.355,062 
11.455,000 
5.461.103 
5.466.000 
9.228.128 
9.201.000 
10,766.808 
10.776.000 
4.680917 
4.739.000 




Percent change 

Illinois 


8.2 
•6.8 
10 6 


Indiana 

Michigan 

Ohio 


105 
89 
7.1 

102 
9.4 
8 1 




7.4 




3.4 



See footnotes at end of table. 



40 



Forcible rape 


Robbery 


Aggravated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny-theft 


Motor vehicle theft 


Arson' 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


82,088 


36.4 


548,809 


243.5 


654,957 


290.6 


3,759,193 


1,668J 


7.112.657 


3,156.3 


1,114,651 


494.6 






81,53« 


35.6 


574,134 


250.6 


643,720 


280.9 


3.739,821 


1,632.1 


7.154.541 


3,122.3 


1,073,988 


468.7 






-.7 


•2.2 


+ 4.6 


+ 2.9 


•1.7 


•3.3 


-.5 


•2.2 


+ .6 


•1.1 


-3.6 


■5.2 






13,231 


27.0 


177,905 


1 

363.1 


128.293 


261.8 


823,357 


1.680.4 


1,346.828 


2,748.8 


332,121 


677.8 






13,421 


27.2 


192.686 


390.9 


127,668 


259.0 


798.097 


1.619.0 


1.341J73 


2.720.9 


321,932 


653.1 






+ 1.4 


+ .7 


+ 8.3 


+ 7.7 


•.5 


•1.1 


-3.1 


•3.7 


-.4 


•1.0 


-3.1 


•3,6 






2.847 


23.1 


22,294 


180.9 


30.189 


245.0 


201.732 


1.637.0 


350,389 


2,843.3 


96.052 


779.4 






2.906 


23.4 


25.444 


204.6 


29.906 


240.5 


197.029 


1.5843 


343,240 


2,760.1 


90,711 


729.4 






+ 2.1 


+ 1.3 


+ 14.1 


+ 13.1 


-.9 


-1.8 


-2.3 


-3.2 


-2.0 


-2.9 


-5.6 


■6.4 






670 


21.6 


6,749 


218.0 


5,203 


168.1 


52.638 


1.700.6 


95,631 


3,089.6 


21,014 


678.9 






687 


21.9 


7,709 


246.1 


5,469 


174.6 


52,990 


1,691.9 


96,927 


3,094.7 


18,873 


602.6 






145 


12.9 


346 


308 


1,650 


146.8 


13,291 


1,182.8 


31,151 


2,772.3 


2,462 


219.1 






145 


128 


368 


32.5 


1,665 


147.1 


14,081 


1,243.9 


29,545 


2,610.0 


2,194 


193.8 






1,562 


27.3 


13,492 


235.5 


19,158 


334.4 


99,697 


1,740.4 


153,849 


2,685.8 


60,241 


1,051.6 






1,580 


27.4 


15,633 


270.9 


18,850 


326.7 


95,080 


1,647.8 


147,691 


2,559.6 


57,657 


999.3 






159 


17.3 


386 


42.0 


1,085 


118.0 


12,067 


1,312.9 


26,443 


2,877.0 


2,848 


309.9 






154 


16.5 


335 


35.8 


859 


91.9 


11,090 


1,186.1 


25,692 


2,747.8 


2,252 


240.9 






162 


17,1 


1.122 


118.6 


2,538 


268.3 


16,233 


1,716.3 


28,037 


2.964.3 


7,979 


843.6 






170 


17.9 


1,257 


132.0 


2,738 


287.6 


15,755 


1,654.9 


27,525 


2,891.3 


8,224 


863.9 






149 


29.1 


199 


38.9 


555 


108.5 


7,806 


1,526.7 


15,278 


2,988.1 


1.508 


294.9 






170 


33.0 


142 


27.6 


325 


63.1 


8,033 


1,559.8 


15,860 


3,079.6 


1,511 


293.4 






10,384 


28.3 


155.611 


424.3 


98,104 


267.5 


621,625 


1,695.0 


996,439 


2,717.1 


236,069 


643.7 






10,515 


28.5 


167.242 


453.7 


97.762 


265.2 


601.068 


1.630.7 


998,033 


2.707.7 


231,221 


627.3 






+ 1.3 


+ .7 


+ 7.5 


+ 6.9 


-.3 


-.9 


-3.3 


-3.8 


+ .2 


-.3 


■2.1 


■2.5 






2,257 


30.7 


22,299 


303.7 


19,313 


263.0 


137,900 


1,878.2 


234,160 


3,189.3 


53,563 


729.5 






2,374 


32.1 


24,761 


334.6 


18,997 


256.7 


128,274 


1,733.2 


231,846 


3,132.6 


50,573 


683.3 






5,405 


30.9 


112,273 


641.3 


60,329 


344.6 


360,925 


2,061.6 


535,783 


3,060.4 


133,041 


759.9 






5,479 


31.1 


120,344 


684.0 


60,189 


342.1 


350,422 


1,991.7 


539,486 


3,066.3 


136,849 


777.8 






2.722 


23.0 


21,039 


177.9 


18,462 


156.1 


122,800 


1,038.5 


226,496 


1,915.5 


49,465 


418.3 






2.662 


22.4 


22,137 


186.6 


18,576 


156.6 


122,372 


1.031.5 


226,701 


1,910.8 


43,799 


369.2 






17,767 


30.3 


102,993 


175.7 


128,770 


219.7 


803,799 


1,371.2 


1,826,956 


3,116.5 


243,734 


415.8 






16,924 


28.8 


103,879 


176.5 


120,646 


205.0 


800,383 


1,359.8 


1,805,853 


3,067.9 


236,192 


401.3 






-4.7 


-5.0 


+ .9 


+ .5 


•6.3 


•6.7 


-.4 


-.8 


•1.2 


•1.6 


•3.1 


-3.5 






13,556 


32.7 


82,276 


198.3 


98,498 


237.4 


581,915 


1,402.5 


1,322,193 


3,186.6 


191,657 


461.9 






12,822 


30.8 


83,497 


200.5 


91,281 


219.2 


580,239 


1,393.6 


1,298,310 


3,118.2 


189,178 


454.4 






■5.4 


■5.8 


+ 1.5 


+ 1.1 


-7.3 


-7.7 


-.3 


••6 


•1.8 


•2.1 


■1.3 


-1.6 






3,051 


26.9 


24,645 


217.0 


27,227 


239.8 


141,109 


1,242.7 


345,120 


3,039.3 


56,652 


498.9 






2,756 


24.1 


23,981 


209.3 


22,929 


200.2 


133,257 


1,163.3 


326,805 


2,852.9 


56,116 


489.9 






1.808 


331 


7,720 


141.4 


10,620 


194.5 


71,720 


1,313.3 


153,297 


2,807.1 


23,602 


432.2 






1.616 


29.6 


7,050 


129.0 


9,618 


176.0 


63,887 


1,168.8 


147,038 


2,690.0 


18,547 


339.3 






4,304 


46.6 


22,519 


244.0 


31,251 


338.6 


160,688 


1,741.3 


342,384 


3,710.2 


53,979 


584.9 






4,366 


475 


23,688 


257.5 


30.143 


327.6 


171,331 


1,862.1 


341,805 


3.714.9 


58,446 


635.2 






3,696 


343 


24,082 


223.7 


24,997 


232.2 


157,874 


1,466.3 


327,322 


3,040.1 


45,945 


426.7 






3,339 


31.0 


25,529 


236.9 


23,842 


221.3 


160,951 


1,493.6 


326,770 


3,032.4 


45,777 


424.8 






697 


14.9 


3,310 


70.7 


4,403 


94.1 


50,524 


1,079.4 


154,070 


3,291.4 


11,479 


245.2 






745 


15.7 


3,249 


68.6 


4,749 


100.2 


50,813 


1,072.2 


155,892 


3,289.6 


10,292 


217.2 







Table 3.— Index of Crime: Region, Geographic Division, and State, 1 


J80-1981- 


-Continue 


d 














Year 


Population- 


Crime Index total 


Modified Crime 
Index total' 


Violent crime" 


Property crime 


Murder and non- 
negligent manslaughter 




Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 

100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100.000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100.000 


West North Central 


1980 
1981 


17,129,685 
17,225,000 


834,882 
829,454 
-.7 
138,026 
136,638 
126,660 
128,676 
194,918 
193,731 
266,292 
264,250 
67,330 
65.838 
19,336 
19,681 
22.320 
20.640 


4,873.9 
4,815.4 
-1.2 
4,746.7 
4.716.5 
5.378.8 
5.404.3 
4.799.5 
4,736.7 
5.433.1 
5,351.4 
4,305,2 
4,177.5 
2,963.7 
2,991.0 
3,243.2 
3,013.1 






56,158 

54,753 

-2.5 

5,826 

5,915 

9,168 

8,796 

9.250 

9,344 

27.177 

26,675 

3,512 

2,861 

352 

444 

873 

718 


327.8 
317.9 
-3.0 
200.4 
204.2 
389.3 
369.4 
227.8 
228.5 
554.5 
540.2 
224.6 
181.5 
54.0 
67.5 
126.8 
104.8 


778,724 
774,701 
-.5 
132,200 
130,723 
117,492 
119,880 
185.668 
184.387 
239,115 
237,575 
63,818 
62,977 
18,984 
19,237 
21.447 
19.922 


4,546.0 
4,497.5 

4,546.4 
4,512.4 
4,989.5 
5.034.9 
4,571.7 
4,508.2 
4,878.6 
4,811.2 
4,080.6 
3,996.0 
2,909.7 
2,923.6 
3,116.3 
2,908.3 


958 
904 
-56 

63 

76 
163 
151 
106 

85 
544 
516 

69 

49 
8 

15 
5 

12 


5.6 




5.2 


Iowa 

Kansas 


1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 


2,907,804 

2,897,000 

2,354,783 

2,381,000 

4,061,235 

4,090,000 

4,901,288 

4,938,000 

1,563,921 

1,576,000 

652,437 

658,000 

688,217 

685,000 


2.2 
2.6 
6.9 
6.3 
2.6 


Missouri 

Nebraska 


2.1 
11.1 
104 

3.1 


South Dakota 


2.3 
7 






South 


1980 
1981 


74,767,293 
76,893,000 


4,166,832 

4,226,751 

+ 1.4 

2.222.818 
2.260.930 
+ 1.7 
40.306 
40.002 
65.025 
69.540 
803,825 
816,579 
302.645 
313,453 
277,949 
279.425 
271.174 
268.998 
166.686 
168.402 
245,942 
253.440 
49.266 
51.091 


5,573.1 

5,496.9 

-1.4 

6,081.1 
5,993.3 

6,776^6 
6,689.3 
10,236.4 
10,9340 
8,402.0 
8,032.5 
5,603.7 
5,628.5 
6,6301 
6,557.7 
4,640.5 
4,520.2 
5,439.2 
5,319.1 
4,620.0 
4,6708 
2,551.6 
2,618.7 






425,197 

433,779 

+ 2.0 

242,605 
251,652 
+ 3.7 
2,824 
3,044 
13,242 
15,045 
94,095 
98,109 
29,993 
30,527 
35.735 

26,589 
25.986 
20.225 
20,275 
16,355 
17,456 
3,547 
3,410 


568.7 

564.1 

-.8 

663.7 
667.1 
+ .5 
474.8 
509.0 
2.084.6 
2,365.6 
983.5 
965 1 
555.3 
548.2 
852.4 
887.1 
455,0 
436.7 
660.0 
640.4 
307.2 
321.7 
183.7 
174.8 


3,741,635 

3,792,972 

+ 1.4 

1.980,213 
2,009,278 
+ 1.5 
37.482 
36,958 
51,783 
54,495 
709,730 
718,470 
272,652 
282,926 
242,214 
241,625 
244,585 
243,012 
146,461 
148,127 
229,587 
235,984 
45,719 
47,681 


5,004.4 

4,932.8 

-1.4 

5,417.4 
5,326.3 
-1.7 
6,301.8 
6,180.3 
8,151.8 
8,568.4 
7,418.4 
7,067.4 
5,048.3 
5,0804 
5,777.7 
5,6706 
4.185,5 
4,083,5 
4,779.2 
4.678.7 
4,312.8 
4,349.1 
2,367.9 
2,443.9 


9,580 
9,766 
+ 1.9 

4,334 
4,619 
+ 6.6 
41 
40 
200 
223 
1,387 
1,522 
743 
960 
399 
421 
619 
541 
348 
330 
459 
464 
138 
118 


12.8 




12.7 


South Atlantic 


1980 
1981 


36,552,607 
37,724,000 


11.9 
12.2 


Delaware 


1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 


594,779 
598,000 
635,233 
636,000 
9,567,112 
10,166,000 
5,400,851 
5,569,000 
4,192,211 
4,261,000 
5,843,665 
5,951,000 
3,064,557 
3,166,000 
5,323,412 
5,426.000 
1,930,787 
1,951,000 


6.9 

6.7 


Flonda 

Georgia 

Maryland 

North Carolina 


35.1 
145 
15.0 
13.8 
17.2 
9.5 
9.9 
10.6 




9.1 


Virginia 

West Virginia 


104 
8.6 
8.6 
7.1 
6.0 


East South Central 


1980 
1981 


14,560,026 
14,717,000 


605.828 
609,374 
+ .6 
190,511 
191,834 
125,039 
129,289 
85,822 
89,495 
204,456 
198,756 


4,160.9 
4,140.6 
-.5 
4,933.6 
4,898,7 
3,433.7 
3,531.5 
3,417.2 
3,537.4 
4,497.9 
4,311.4 






56,443 
55,747 

17,320 
18,423 
9,711 
10,599 
8,588 
7.706 
20.824 
19.019 


387.7 
378.8 
-2.3 
448.5 
470.5 
266.7 
289.5 
341.9 
304.6 
458,1 
412,6 


549,385 
553,627 
+ .8 
173,191 
173,411 
115,328 
118.690 
77,234 
81,789 
183,632 
179,737 


3,773.2 
3,761.8 
-.3 
4,485.1 
4,428.3 
3,167.1 
3.242.0 
3,075.2 
3,232.8 
4,039.8 
3,898.9 


1,684 
1,540 
-8.6 
509 
465 
321 
308 
365 
319 
489 
448 


11.6 




105 


Kentucky 

Mississippi 

Tennessee 


1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 


3,861,466 
3,916,000 
3,641.479 
3.661.000 
2,511.491 
2.530.000 
4.545.590 
4.610.000 


132 
11.9 
8.8 
8.4 
145 
12.6 
108 
9.7 



Forcible rape 


Robbery 


Aggravated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny-theft 


Motor vehicle theft 


Arson' 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


4,211 


24.6 


20.717 


120.9 


30,272 


176.7 


221,884 


1,295.3 


504,763 


2,946.7 


52.077 


304.0 






4,102 


23.8 


20.382 


118.3 


29,365 


170.5 


220.144 


1,278.0 


507,543 


2,946.5 


47,014 


272.9 






■2.6 


■3.3 


-1.6 


■2.2 


■3.0 


■3.5 


-.8 


-1.3 


+ .6 




-9.7 


■10.2 






416 


14.3 


1.596 


54.9 


3.751 


129.0 


31,390 


1,079.5 


93,605 


3,219.1 


7,205 


247.8 






m 


13.4 


1.554 


53.6 


3,896 


134.5 


30,925 


1,067.5 


93,333 


3,221.7 


6,465 


223.2 






742 


31.5 


2.664 


113.1 


5,599 


237.8 


35,826 


1,521.4 


75,268 


3,196.4 


6,398 


271.7 






733 


30.8 


2.611 


109.7 


5,301 


222.6 


36,768 


1,544.2 


77,039 


3,235.6 


6,073 


255.1 






942 


23.2 


4.025 


99.1 


4,177 


102.9 


50.602 


1,246.0 


123,050 


3.029.9 


12,016 


295.9 






1,056 


25.8 


4.266 


104.3 


3,937 


96.3 


52,253 


1,277.6 


121,834 


2.978.8 


10,300 


251.8 






1.600 


32.6 


10.958 


223.6 


14,075 


287.2 


81,798 


1,668.9 


136.998 


2.795.1 


20,319 


414.6 






1,465 


29,7 


10.629 


215.2 


14,065 


284.8 


78,173 


1.583.1 


140.567 


2.846.6 


18,835 


381.4 






363 


23.2 


1,286 


82.2 


1,794 


114.7 


14,316 


915.4 


45.692 


2,921.6 


3,810 


243.6 






323 


20.5 


1.115 


70.7 


1,374 


87.2 


14,383 


9126 


45,324 


2.875.9 


3,270 


207.5 






62 


9.5 


50 


7.7 


232 


35.6 


3,186 


488.3 


14,629 


2.242.2 


1,169 


179.2 






57 


8.7 


85 


12.9 


287 


43.6 


3,294 


500.6 


14,859 


2.258.2 


1,084 


164.7 






86 


12.5 


138 


20.1 


544 


93.6 


4,766 


6925 


15,521 


2.255.2 


1,160 


168.6 






79 


11.5 


122 


17.8 


505 


73.7 


4,348 


634.7 


14,587 


2,129.5 


987 


144,1 






2«,810 


38.5 


14«,465 


198.6 


238>t2 


318.8 


1,239,071 


1,657.2 


2,219,468 


2,968.5 


283,096 


378.6 






29,074 


37.8 


154,027 


200.3 


240,912 


313.3 


1441,304 


1,614.3 


2,271,497 


2,954.1 


2S0,171 


364.4 






+ .9 


-1.8 


+ 3.7 


+ .9 


+ 1.1 


-1.7 


+ .2 


■2.6 


+ 2.3 


-.5 


•1.0 


-3.8 






14.371 


39.3 


86,839 


237.6 


137,061 


375.0 


641.397 


1.754.7 


1,209,828 


3,309.8 


128.988 


352,9 






14,623 


38.8 


92,836 


246.1 


139,573 


370.0 


640.489 


1.697.8 


1,244,466 


3,298.9 


124,323 


3296 






+ 1.8 


■1.3 


+ 69 


+ 3.6 


+ 1.8 


■1.3 


-.1 


-3.2 


+ 2.9 


-.3 


■3.6 


-6,6 






144 


24.2 


815 


137.0 


1,824 


306.7 


9.698 


1.630.5 


25,077 


4,216.2 


2,707 


455,1 






170 


28.4 


844 


141.1 


1,990 


332.8 


9.627 


1.609.9 


24,759 


4,140.3 


2,572 


430,1 






480 


75.6 


9,120 


1.435.7 


3,442 


541.8 


16,313 


2.568.0 


31,868 


5,016.7 


3,602 


567,0 






464 


73.0 


10.675 


1.678.5 


3,683 


579.1 


16,928 


2.661.6 


33,782 


5,311.6 


3,785 


595,1 






5,439 


56.9 


34.015 


355.5 


53,254 


556.6 


239,825 


2.506.8 


424,223 


4,434.2 


45,682 


477,5 






5,707 


56.1 


35,473 


348.9 


55,407 


545.0 


241.536 


2,375.9 


431,222 


4,241.8 


45,712 


449.7 






2,391 


44.3 


10,670 


197.6 


16,189 


299.7 


91,773 


1,699.2 


160,764 


2,976.6 


20,115 


372.4 






2.362 


42.4 


10,938 


1964 


16,267 


292.1 


93,121 


1,672,1 


171,170 


3,073.6 


18.635 


334.6 






1.681 


40.1 


16,461 


392.7 


17,194 


410.1 


71,183 


1,698.0 


152,144 


3,629.2 


18.887 


450.5 






1,654 


38.8 


18,085 


424.4 


17,640 


414.0 


70,740 


1,660.2 


152,405 


3,576.7 


18.480 


433.7 






1.324 


22.7 


4,810 


82.3 


19,836 


339.4 


83,150 


1,422.9 


148,804 


2,546.4 


12.631 


2161 






1,351 


22.7 


4,809 


80.8 


19,285 


324.1 


79,545 


1,336.7 


151,679 


2,548.8 


11.788 


198,1 






1,148 


37.5 


3,620 


118.1 


15,109 


493.0 


51,177 


1,670.0 


85,905 


2,803.2 


9.379 


306.0 






1,148 


36.3 


3,805 


120.2 


14,992 


473.5 


50,520 


1,595.7 


88,887 


2,807.5 


8.720 


275.4 






1,458 


27.4 


6,392 


120.1 


8,046 


151.1 


64,020 


1.202.6 


153,437 


2,882.3 


12.130 


227.9 






1,478 


27.2 


7,229 


133.2 


8,285 


152.7 


63,350 


1,167.5 


161,678 


2,979.7 


10.956 


201.9 






306 


15.8 


936 


48.5 


2,167 


112.2 


14.258 


738.5 


27,606 


1,429.8 


3.855 


199.7 






289 


14.8 


979 


50.2 


2.024 


103.7 


15.122 


775.1 


28,884 


1,480.5 


3,675 


188.4 






4,175 


28.7 


18,813 


129.2 


31.771 


218.2 


194.716 


1,337.3 


312,343 


2,145.2 


42,326 


290.7 






4,180 


28.4 


18,614 


126.5 


31.413 


213.4 


189.129 


1,285.1 


324,778 


2,206.8 


39,720 


269.9 






+ .1 


■1.0 


-1.1 


■2.1 


■1.1 


-2.2 


■2.9 


■3.9 


+4.0 


+ 2.9 


■62 


-7.2 






1,158 


30.0 


5,102 


132.1 


10,551 


273.2 


58,952 


1,526.7 


102,029 


2,642.2 


12,210 


3162 






1,021 


261 


4,952 


126.5 


11,985 


306.1 


56,811 


1,450.7 


105,471 


2.693.3 


11,129 


2842 






698 


19.2 


3,468 


95.2 


5,224 


143.5 


37,901 


1,040.8 


68,296 


1,875.5 


9,131 


250.7 






766 


20.9 


3,687 


100.7 


5,838 


159.5 


38,893 


1,062.4 


71,194 


1,944.7 


8,603 


235.0 






619 


24.6 


2,035 


81.0 


5,569 


221.7 


29,612 


1,179.1 


43,142 


1,717.8 


4,480 


178.4 






658 


26.0 


2,059 


81.4 


4,670 


184.6 


29,614 


1,170.5 


47,587 


1,880.9 


4,588 


181.3 






1,700 


37.4 


8,208 


180.6 


10,427 


229.4 


68,251 


1,501.5 


98,876 


2.175.2 


16,505 


363.1 






1,735 


37.6 


7,916 


171.7 


8,920 


193.5 


63,811 


1,384.2 


100,526 


2.180.6 


15,400 


.334.1 







Table a.-Index of Crime: Region, Geographic Division, and State, 1980-1981-Continued 














Year 


Population- 


Crime Index total 


Modified Crime 
Index total' 


Violent crime- 


Property crime' 


Murder and non- 
negligent manslaughter 




Number 


Rate per 

100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 




1980 
1981 


23,654,6«) 
24,452,000 


1,338,186 
1.356.447 

87.046 
87,091 
229,032 
226,773 
151,650 
149,860 
870.458 
892,723 


5,657.2 
5.547.4 
-1.9 
3.811 1 
3.796.5 
5,453.7 
5,267.7 
5,052.9 
4,837.3 
6,143.0 
6,050.3 






126,149 
126,380 
+ 2 
7,656 
7,119 
27,926 
27,478 
12,589 
13,223 
77,978 
78,560 


533.3 
516.8 
-3.1 
335.2 
310.3 
665.0 
638.3 
419.5 
426.8 
550.3 
532.4 


1,212,037 
1,230,067 
-H.5 
79,390 
79,972 
201,106 
199,295 
139,061 
136,637 
792,480 
814.163 


5,123.9 

5,030.5 

-1.8 

3,475.9 
3,486.1 
4,788.8 
4,6294 
4,633,4 
4,410.5 
5,592.7 
5,517,9 


3,562 
3,607 
-1-1.3 
210 
209 
661 
673 
299 
279 
2,392 
2,446 


15.1 




14.8 
-2.0 


Arkansas 


1980 
1981 
1980 
198! 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 


2.284,037 
2.294,000 
4,199,542 
4,305,000 
3,001,252 
3,098,000 
14,169,829 
14,755,000 


9.2 
9.1 




15.6 
10.0 


Texas 


9.0 
16.9 
16.6 


West 


1980 
1981 


42,963,764 
44,096,000 


3.174,191 
3.176,293 

774.833 
781.034 
+ .8 
221,866 
212,657 
211.087 
217,874 
45,126 
43,450 
39,271 
39.750 
70.860 
72.602 
77.457 
82,282 
85.782 
87.170 
23.384 
25.249 


7.388.1 
7,203.1 

-2.5 
6.831.3 
5.682.9 

■2.2 
8,170.8 
7,613.9 
7,333.5 
7,353.2 
4,782.2 
4,530.8 
5.024.5 
5,018.9 
8,854.0 
8,592.0 
5,979.0 
6,200.6 
5,880.6 
5,750.0 
4,986.4 
5,131.9 






306,120 

304,645 

-.5 

59,122 
59,689 
-1-1.0 
17,673 
16,082 
15,215 
15.755 
2,957 
2,717 
1,740 
2,004 
7.304 
7.575 
7.967 
8,913 
4,425 
4,527 
1,841 
2,116 


712.5 
690.9 
-3.0 

521.2 
510.7 
-2.0 
650.9 
575.8 
528.6 
531.7 
313.4 
283.3 
222.6 
253.0 
912.6 
896.4 
615.0 
671.7 
303.3 
298.6 
392.6 
430.1 


2,868,071 

2,871,648 

+ .1 

715,711 
721,345 
-t-.S 
204,193 
196,575 
195,872 
202,119 
42,169 
40,733 
37,531 
37,746 
63,556 
65,027 
69,490 
73,369 
81.357 
82.643 
21.543 
23,133 


6,675.6 

6,512J 

-2.4 

6,310.0 
6.172.2 
-2.2 
7.519.9 
7,038.1 
6,804.9 
6,821.4 
4,468.8 
4.247.4 
4,801.9 
4.765.9 
7.941.4 
7,695.5 
5,364.1 
5,528.9 
5,577.3 
5,451.4 
4,593.8 
4,701,8 


4,842 
4,492 

■IJ. 
951 
912 
•4,1 
279 
227 
198 
239 
29 
43 
31 
27 
160 
148 
170 
151 
55 
50 

27 


lU 




lOJ 


Mountain 


1980 
1981 


11,342,454 
11,687.000 


8.4 
7.8 


Arizona 


1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 


2,715,357 
2.793,000 
2,878,407 
2.963,000 
943,629 
959,000 
781,592 
792,000 
800,312 
845,000 
1,295,474 
1,327,000 
1,458,729 
1,516,000 
468,954 
492,000 


10.3 

8.1 


Idaho 


8.1 
3.1 




4.5 




3.4 




17.5 
13.1 




11.4 


Wyoming 


3.3 
62 




5,5 




1980 
1981 


31,621,310 
32,409,000 


2.399.358 

2,395,259 

-.2 

24,849 

27,171 

1,843,332 

1,833,787 

72,180 

64,060 

174,561 

186,267 

284.436 

283.974 


7,587.8 
7,390.7 
-2.6 
6,210.0 
6,594.9 
7,833.1 
7,590.5 
7,482.3 
6,543.4 
6,686.9 
7,036.9 
6,915.0 
6,742.0 






246,998 

244,956 

-.8 

1,919 

2,537 

210,290 

208,485 

2,424 
12,802 
12,671 
19,098 
18,839 


781.1 
755.8 
-3.2 
479.6 
615.8 
893.6 
863,0 
299.5 
247.6 
490.4 
478.7 
464.3 
447.3 


2,152,360 
2,150,303 

22,930 
24,634 
1.633,042 
1,625,302 
69,291 
61,636 
161,759 
173,596 
265,338 
265,135 


6,806,7 
6,634.9 
■2.5 
5,730.5 
5,979.1 
6,939,5 
6,727,5 
7,182.8 
6,295.8 
6,196.5 
6,558.2 
6,450.7 
6,294.8 


3,891 

3.580 

■8,0 

39 

60 

3,411 

3,143 

84 

47 

132 

117 

225 

213 






11.0 
-10.6 




1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 
1980 
1981 


400,142 
412,000 
23,532.680 
24,159.000 
964,680 
979,000 
2,610,477 
2,647,000 
4,113,331 
4,212,000 




California 


14.5 
14.5 




13.0 


Oregon 


4.8 
5 1 


Washington 


4.4 
5.5 




5.1 




1980 
1981 


3,187,570 
3,176,000 


92,011 
96,640 


2886.6 
3042.8 






16,832 
16,321 


528.1 
513.9 


75,179 
80,319 


2,358.5 
2,528,9 


472 
522 


14.8 




164 



'Population for each State for 1980 are Bureau of the Census preliminary counts as of April I, 1980, and 1981 populations are Bureau of the Census provisional estii 
1981. and all are subject to change. 

" Although arson data were introduced in the trend and clearance tables with this issue, sufficient data are not available to estimate totals for this offense. 

'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. Property crimes are ofTenses of burglary, larceny-theft, and motor vehicle t 
included for the property crime of arson. 

*Offense totals based on all reporting agencies and estimates for unreported areas. 

"Includes offenses reported by the U.S. Park Police for the District of Columbia and the Zoological Police. 

'Population and offense data are not included in totals. 



Forcible rape 


Robbery 


Aggravated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny-theft 


Motor vehicle theft 


Arson' 


Number 


Rale per 

100.000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 

100,000 


Number 


Rate per 

100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


Number 


Rate per 
100,000 


10,264 


43.4 


42,813 


181.0 


69,510 


293.9 


402,958 


1,703.5 


697,297 


2,947.8 


111,782 


472.6 






10,271 


42.0 


42,576 


174.1 


69,926 


286.0 


411,686 


1,683.6 


702,253 


2,872.0 


116,128 


474.9 






+ .1 


■3.2 


■.6 


■3.8 


+ .6 


■2,7 


■1-2.2 


-1.2 


+ .7 


■2,6 


-f3,9 


-t-,5 






609 


26.7 


1,848 


80.9 


4,989 


218.4 


25,559 


1,1190 


49,558 


2,169,8 


4,273 


187.1 






577 


25.2 


1,776 


77.4 


4,557 


198,6 


24,732 


1,078.1 


50,959 


2,221,4 


4,281 


186.6 






1,867 


44.5 


8,271 


197.0 


17,127 


407.8 


63,997 


1,523.9 


121,298 


2,888,4 


15,811 


3765 






1,782 


41.4 


8,698 


202.0 


16,325 


379.2 


61,756 


1,434.5 


121,955 


2,832,9 


15,584 


362,0 






1,088 


36.3 


3,147 


104.9 


8,055 


268.4 


50,802 


1,692.7 


75,649 


2,520,6 


12,610 


420,2 






1,091 


35.2 


3,574 


115.4 


8,279 


267.2 


49,220 


1,588.8 


74,460 


2,403,5 


12,957 


418.2 






6,700 


47.3 


29,547 


208.5 


39,339 


277.6 


262,600 


1,853.2 


450,792 


3,181-4 


79,088 


558,1 






6,821 


46.2 


28,528 


193.3 


40,765 


276.3 


275,978 


1,870.4 


454,879 


3,082.9 


83,306 


564,6 






22,280 


51.9 


119,446 


278.0 


159,552 


371.4 


892,966 


2,078.4 


1,719,405 


4,002.0 


255,700 


595.2 






22,117 


50J 


123,542 


280.2 


154,494 


350.4 


900,037 


2,041.1 


1,735,918 


3,936.7 


235,693 


534.5 






-.7 


•3.3 


■t-3.4 


-I-.8 


-3J 


-5.7 


+ .S 


-1.8 


-H.O 


-1.6 


-7.8 


-10.2 






4,749 


41.9 


17,295 


152,5 


36,127 


318.5 


202,222 


1,782.9 


466,675 


4,114,4 


46,814 


412.7 






4,570 


39.1 


17,581 


150.4 


36,626 


313,4 


205,263 


1,756.3 


472,458 


4,042,6 


43,624 


373,3 






■38 


■6.7 


-H.7 


■1.4 


■•■1,4 


■1.6 


-H.5 


■1.5 


+ 1.2 


-1,7 


-6.8 


■9,5 






1,227 


45.2 


5.258 


193.6 


10,909 


401.8 


58,527 


2,155.4 


132,814 


4,891.2 


12,852 


473,3 






1.064 


38.1 


4,961 


177,6 


9,830 


352.0 


57,655 


2,064.3 


127,469 


4,563,9 


11,451 


410,0 






1,510 


52,5 


4,608 


160.1 


8,899 


309.2 


58,455 


2,030.8 


124,514 


4,325,8 


12,903 


448.3 






1,352 


45.6 


4,726 


159,5 


9,438 


318.5 


60,197 


2,031.6 


129,658 


4,375,9 


12,264 


413,9 






211 


22.4 


442 


46.8 


2,275 


241.1 


11,691 


1,238.9 


28,243 


2,993,0 


2,235 


236,9 






198 


20.6 


362 


37,7 


2,114 


220.4 


11,255 


1,173.6 


27,423 


2,859,5 


2,055 


2143 






164 


21.0 


266 


34.0 


1,279 


163.6 


7,430 


950.6 


27,587 


3,529,6 


2,514 


321-7 






175 


22.1 


302 


38,1 


1,500 


189.4 


7,651 


966.0 


27,874 


3,519,4 


2,221 


280.4 






538 


67.2 


3,686 


460.6 


2,920 


364.9 


23,263 


2,906.7 


34,864 


4,356,3 


5,429 


678.4 






548 


649 


3,870 


458.0 


3,009 


356.1 


23,046 


2,727.3 


36,955 


4,373.4 


5,026 


594.8 






561 


43.3 


1,657 


127.9 


5,579 


430.7 


19,335 


1,492.5 


45,613 


3,521.0 


4,542 


350.6 






628 


47.3 


1,868 


140.8 


6,266 


472.2 


21,405 


1,613.0 


47,252 


3,560.8 


4,712 


355 1 






404 


27,7 


1,170 


80.2 


2,796 


191.7 


19,283 


1,321.9 


57,354 


3,931.8 


4,720 


323.6 






431 


28.4 


1,286 


84.8 


2,760 


182.1 


19,326 


1,274.8 


58,855 


3,882.3 


4,462 


294.3 






134 


28.6 


208 


44.4 


1,470 


313.5 


4,238 


903.7 


15,686 


3,344.9 


1,619 


345.2 






174 


35,4 


206 


41.9 


1,709 


347.4 


4,728 


961.0 


16,972 


3,449.6 


1,433 


291,3 






17,531 


55,4 


102,151 


323.0 


123,425 


390.3 


690,744 


2,184.4 


1,252,730 


3,961.7 


208,886 


660,6 






17,547 


54,1 


105,961 


326.9 


117,868 


363.7 


694,774 


2,143.8 


1,263,460 


3,898.5 


192,069 


592,6 






+ .1 


■2.3 


■•■3.7 


■1-1.2 


4.5 


■6.8 


+ .6 


■1.9 


•f.9 


■1,6 


■8.1 


■103 






250 


62.5 


360 


90.0 


1,270 


317.4 


5,545 


1,385.8 


14,916 


3,727.7 


2,469 


6170 






421 


102.2 


472 


114.6 


1,584 


384.5 


5,479 


1,329.9 


16,310 


3,958.7 


2,845 


690,5 






13,693 


58.2 


90,420 


384.2 


102,766 


436.7 


545,138 


2,316.5 


913,070 


3,8800 


174,834 


742,9 






13,566 


56.2 


93,781 


388.2 


97,995 


405.6 


540,806 


2,238.5 


921,939 


3,816.1 


162,557 


672,9 






335 


34.7 


1,835 


190.2 


635 


65.8 


17,822 


1,847.5 


45,564 


4,723.2 


5,905 


612.1 






340 


34.7 


1,453 


148.4 


584 


59.7 


16,726 


1,708.5 


40,699 


4,157.2 


4,211 


430.1 






1,084 


41.5 


3,978 


152.4 


7,608 


291.4 


45,641 


1,748.4 


106,712 


4,087.8 


9,406 


360.3 






1,105 


41,7 


4,780 


180.6 


6,669 


251.9 


52,067 


1,967.0 


112,518 


4,250.8 


9,011 


340.4 






2,169 


52,7 


5,558 


135.1 


11,146 


271.0 


76,598 


1,862.2 


172,468 


4,192.9 


16,272 


395.6 






2,115 


502 


5,475 


130.0 


11,036 


262.0 


79,696 


1,892.1 


171,994 


4,083,4 


13,445 


3192 






569 


17,9 


8,283 


259.9 


7,508 


235.5 


35,756 


1,121.7 


28,476 


780.0 


10,947 


327,6 






463 


14.6 


8,510 


267.9 


6,826 


214.9 


37,648 


1,185.4 


30,323 


9548 


12,348 


388,8 







Table 4.— Index of Crime, State, 1981 



Crime 
total 



Modified 
Crime 
Index 

total' 



Murder 
negligent 
slaughter 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
assault 



ALABAMA 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 



ALASKA 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 
State total 

Rate per 100,000 

inhabitants 



ARIZONA 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Rural 

Area actually reporting 



Rate 



100,( 



ARKANSAS 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 

inhabitants 



CALIFORNM 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated totals 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 

inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



2,423,204 
99.2% 
100.0% 
663,316 
963% 
100.0% 
829,480 
92.3% 
100.0% 
34)16,000 



98.9% 
100.0% 
127,599 
100.0% 
412,000 



349,518 

100.0% 

2,793,000 



897,935 
99.8% 
100.0% 
564,377 
99.2% 
100.0% 
831,688 
100.0% 
2,294,000 



22,929,564 
99.8% 
100.0% 
525,862 
100.0% 
703,574 
100.0% 

24,159,000 



10,125 
10,973 
191,834 



27,171 
6,594.9 



179,406 

24,214 



18,423 

470.5 



2,537 
615.8 



7,119 

3103 



9,071 

9,831 

173,411 

4,428.3 



166,072 
22,383 



8,120 
196,575 



3,143 

13.0 



70 
1,064 



13,566 

56.2 



4,511 
300 



114)85 

306.1 



93,781 

388.2 



97,995 

405.6 



4,345 
56,811 



5,479 

,329.9 



49,220 
5,568 



2,867 



4,928 
105,471 



107,044 
15,739 



31,258 
14,030 



1,565 
162,557 



Table 4.— Index of Crime, State, 1981— Continued 



COLORADO 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 



CONNECTICUT 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Rural 

Area actually reporting 
State total 

Rate per 100,000 
inhabitants 

DELAWARE 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Rural 

Area actually reporting 
State total 

Rate per 100,000 

inhabitants 

DISTRICT OF COLUMBU< 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Rural 

Total 

Rate per 100,000 
inhabitants 

FLORIDA 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 

inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



2,396,626 
99.9% 
100.0% 
272,754 
92.4% 
100.0% 
293.620 
97.5% 
100.0% 
2,963,000 



2,749,400 
100.0% 
195,070 
100.0% 
187,530 
100.0% 

3,132,000 



400,853 
100.0% 
66,070 
100.0% 
131,077 
100.0% 
598,000 



100.0% 

None 
636,000 



!,938,916 
100.0% 
354,338 
100.0% 
872,746 
100.0% 

1,166,000 



Crime 
total 



9,816 
10.068 
217,874 

7,353.2 



169,939 

7,775 



29,409 
5,132 



Modified 
Crime 
Index 
total' 



69,540 

10,934.0 



753,209 
27,271 



15,755 
531.7 



15,045 

2,365.6 



9,150 

9,385 

202,119 



156,616 
7,474 



54,495 

8,568.4 



91,466 


661,743 


3,037 


24,234 


3,606 
98,109 


32,493 
718,470 


965,1 


7,067.4 



Forcible 



Aggra- 
vated 



1,352 

45.6 



5,707 
56.1 



10,675 

1,678.5 



9,438 

318.5 



372 
1,990 

332.8 



50,626 
2,179 



2,654 
60,197 



16,928 

2,661.6 



221,481 
7,227 



12,828 
241,536 



5,987 

6,141 

129,658 

4,375.9 



17,965 
3,677 



33,782 

5,311 



397,535 
15,890 



17,797 
431,222 



47 



Table 4.— Index of Crime, State, 1981— Continued 



Crime 
total 



Modified 
Crime 

total' 



negligent 
man- 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Motor 
vehicle 
theft 



GEORGIA 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 

inhabitants 

HAWAII 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Rural 

Area actually reporting 
State total 

Rate per 100,000 

inhabitants 

IDAHO 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated totals 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 

inhabitants 

ILLINOIS 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 
inhabitants 

INDIANA 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated totals 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated totals 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 

inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



100.0% 
5,569,000 



773.331 
100.0% 
37,604 
100.0% 
168,065 
100.0% 
979,000 



175,659 
100.0% 
380,862 
100.0% 
402,479 
99.0% 
100.0% 
959,000 



1,118,675 
95.7% 
100.0% 
1,066,976 
98.1% 
100.0% 
11,455,000 



3,813,633 
89.5% 
100.0% 
582,077 
77.2% 
100.0% 
1,070,290 
69.8% 
100.0% 



27,005 
34,601 
313,453 



49,548 
2,711 



64,060 

6,543.4 



10,562 

23,462 

9.328 
9,426 
43,450 



18.378 
18.733 
567,049 



22.339 
22.675 



3,937 

3,055 
3,915 
30,527 



997 
50,871 



204,636 
209,496 

37,472 
42.744 

23.950 
30,686 
282,926 



1,965 


47,583 


85 


2,626 


374 
2,424 


11,427 
61,636 


247.6 


6,295.8 



755 


9,807 


1,288 


22,174 


667 

674 

2,717 


8.661 
8,752 
40,733 


283.3 


4,247.4 



17.399 
17.736 
516,178 



13.495 
19,332 
229,472 



336 
2,362 



598 
10,938 



2,214 
2.526 

2,096 
2,686 
16,267 



2,114 

220.4 



23,981 

209.3 



22,929 

200.2 



7,0 

129.0 



9.722 
12,456 
93,121 



12,576 
807 



3,167 

4,980 

3,076 
3,108 
11,255 



5,628 

5.737 

133,257 



6.933 
63,887 



12,558 
16,090 
171,170 



31,362 
1,729 



6,237 

16,150 

4,983 
5,036 
27,423 



11.328 
326,805 



7,696 
11,025 
147,038 

2,690.0 



rable 4.— Index of Crime, SUte, 1981— Continued 



tandard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 



KANSAS 

Itandard Metropolitan 
Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Mher cities 

Area actually reporting 
Lural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated totals 

itate total 

Rate per 100,000 
inhabitants 



KENTUCKY 



Area actually reporting 
Area actually reporting 



Area actually reporting 



Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

3ther cities 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

lural 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 



MAINE 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 

Dther cities 

Area actually reporting 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 

inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



720.841 
99.5% 
100.0% 
1,014,137 
99.7% 
100.0% 
2,897,000 



1,114,140 
100.0% 
658,864 
100.0% 
607,996 
99.1% 
100.0% 

2,381,( 



594,888 
100.0% 

1,438,678 
100.0% 

3,661,0 



2,729,061 
92.4% 
100.0% 
520,330 
84.3% 
lOO.C 
1,055,609 
83.9% 
100.0% 
4,305,000 



317,611 
100.0% 
478,337 
100.0% 
336,052 



Index 
total 



Modified 

Index 
total' 



17,261 
17,307 
136,638 



82,132 

35,810 

10,637 
10,734 
128,676 



85,183 
21,571 



17,189 
20,488 
226,773 



19,460 
21.282 



7,292 
48,034 



329 

330 

5,915 

204.2 



2,774 
10,599 



2,768 
3,299 
27,478 



1,120 

773 

321 
2,214 

195.6 



Murder 
negligent 
slaughter 



16,932 
16,977 
130,723 



75,852 

33,844 

10,092 
10,184 
119,880 

5,034.9 



78,565 

20,364 

19,761 
118,69< 

3,242.C 



14,421 
17,189 
199,295 



18.340 
20,509 



Forcible 
rape 



1,554 

53.6 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



2,649 
1,013 



229 
3,896 



3,687 

100.7 



383 

386 

5,301 



2,147 
5,838 



vehicle 
theft 



2,197 
2,619 
16,325 



5,589 
5,604 
30,925 



3,963 
3,999 
36,768 



24,694 
5,661 



5,342 
6,367 
61,756 



5,663 
5,075 



10,555 
10,583 
93,333 



47,818 

23,593 

5,577 
5,628 
77,039 



48,669 
13,436 
9,089 



71,1' 



8,222 

9,800 

121,955 



Table 4.— Index of Crime, SUte, 1981— Continued 



Crime 
total 



Modified 

Index 

total' 



negligent 
slaughter 



Forcible 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Area actually reporting 



Area actually reporting 



Area actually reporting 



MASSACHUSETTS 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 



Rate per lOO.C 



MICHIGAN 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 

inhabitants 



MINNESOTA 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Rural 

Area actually reporting 
State total 

Rate per 100,000 

MISSISSIPPI 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated totals 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated totals 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 

inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



3,783,414 
100.0% 
119,583 
100.0% 
358,003 
100.0% 

4,261,000 



5,542,481 
90.3% 
100.0% 
216,024 



100.0% 
5,770,000 



7,617,849 
99.9% 
100.0% 
611,213 
99.4% 
100.0% 
971,938 
100.0% 
9,201,000 



2,638,925 
100.0% 
507,238 
100.0% 
943,837 
100.0% 

4,090,000 



88.8% 
100.0% 
1,159,255 
58.0% 
100.0% 
2,530,000 



258,442 
10,872 



279,425 

6,557.7 



336,701 

5,835.4 



151,048 
22,501 



7,237 
12,480 
89,495 

3,537.4 



36,013 


222,429 


786 


10,086 


1,001 
37,800 


9,110 
241,625 


887.1 


5,670.6 



36,273 

628.6 



264,930 
286,137 



300,428 

5,206.7 



8,403 


142,645 


403 


22,098 


538 


19,644 


9,344 


184,387 


228.5 


4,508.2 



6,330 
10,916 
81,789 



2 
1,580 



4,366 

47.5 



1,056 

25.8 



18,085 

424.4 



16,232 

596 

812 
17,640 

414.0 



18,850 

326.7 



23,688 

257.5 



4,266 

104.3 



30,143 

327.6 



64,778 
2,603 



3,359 
70,740 



95,080 

1,647.8 



14,843 
171,331 



6,859 
52,253 



3,434 
5,922 
29,614 



139,976 
7,093 



147,691 

2,559.6 



21,134 
341,805 



93.050 
17,070 



121,834 

2,978.8 



2,503 
4,316 
47,587 



Table 4.— Index of Crime, State, 1981— Continued 



Index 
total 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



Forcible 



Aggra- 
vated 



MISSOURI 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 

inhabitants 



MONTANA 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 
inhabitants 



NEBRASKA 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 

inhabitants 

NEVADA 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated totals 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 

inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



100.0% 
467,041 
91.6% 
100.0% 
1,248,881 
66.2% 
100.0% 
4,938,000 



191,084 
100.0% 
243,474 

87.7% 
100.0% 
357,442 

96.6% 
100.0% 
792,000 



694,539 
100.0% 
433,480 

96.2% 
100.0% 
447,981 

87.7% 

100.0% 

1,576,000 



692,722 
100.0% 
25,712 
95.0% 
100.0% 
126,566 
96.5% 
100.0% 
845,000 



10,674 
16,126 
264,250 



9.324 
9,655 
39,750 



5,128 
5,314 
72,602 



14.978 
237,575 


42 
516 


4,811.2 


10.4 


12,622 


6 


14,234 
16,228 


3 


8,591 
8,896 
37,746 


17 
27 


4,765.9 


3.4 


39,752 


36 


16,353 
16,992 


8 
8 


5.465 
6.233 
62,977 


5 
49 


3,996.0 


3.1 


58,863 


135 


1,263 





4,664 
4,833 
65,027 



10,629 

215.2 



14,065 

284.8 



3,870 

458.0 



126 

144 

1,374 



7,299 
78,173 



2,094 
2,168 
7,651 



1,680 
14,383 



23,046 

2,727.3 



4,558 

6,886 

140,567 



5,944 
6,155 
27,874 



3,758 
4,286 
45,324 



2.864 
2,968 
36,955 



Table 4.— Index of Crime, State, 1981— Continued 



Modified 
total' 



Murder 
negligent 
slaughter 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
assault 



NEW HAMPSHIRE 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

State total 

Rale per 100,000 



NEW JERSEY 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Rural 

Area actually reporting 



NEW MEXICO 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 



Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 

inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



281,117 
99.7% 
100.0% 
528,349 
97.4% 
100.0% 
125,534 
89.2% 
100.0% 
935,000 



6,766,644 
100.0% 
576,048 
100.0% 
58,308 
100.0% 

7,401,000 



459.718 
100.0% 
534,239 

92.9% 
100.0% 
333,043 

98.2% 

100.0% 

1,327,000 



15,860,136 
99.5% 
100.0% 
835,803 
98.8% 
100,0% 
898,061 
100.0% 
17,594,000 



423,522 

32,134 

1,711 
457,367 

6.179.8 



45.141 
1,433 



100 
46,674 



1.133 
1,153 
8,913 

671.7 



188,178 

1.069.6 



378,381 
30,701 



410,693 

5.549.2 



6,891 
7,015 
73,369 



2,374 

32.1 



18,997 

256.7 



18,183 
9,341 



750 
128,274 



2,273 
2,314 
21,405 



52 



Table 4.— Index of Crime, State, 1981— Continued 



Crime 
total 



Modified 

Index 
total' 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



NORTH CAROLINA 



Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 



3,135,150 
99.1% 
lOO.C 
864,106 
96.4% 
100.0% 
1,951,744 
97.3% 
100.0% 
5,951,000 



38.192 
39.238 
2684KI8 



33,961 
34,891 
243,012 



353 
4,809 



3,502 
3,598 
19,285 



14,970 
15,380 
79,545 



17,234 
17,706 
151,679 



NORTH DAKOTA 

Standard Metropolitan 
Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Rural 

Area actually reporting 
State total 

Rate per 100,000 
inhabitants 

OHIO 



236,236 
100.0% 
133,596 
100.0% 
288,168 
100.0% 



10.227 
5.963 



19,681 

2.991.0 



9,981 
5,858 



287 
43.6 



Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 



OKLAHOMA 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated totals 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

State total 

Rate per 100.000 

inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



100.0% 
10,776,000 



1,745.248 
99.9% 
100.0% 
744,247 
97.9% 
100.0% 
608,505 
100.0% 
3,098,000 



25,871 
26,386 
587,007 



2,306 
2.355 



13,223 

426.8 



24,484 
24,972 
533,498 



10,334 
136,637 



25,529 
236.9 



3,574 
115.4 



8,279 
267.2 



9.387 
160,951 



14.224 
14.508 
326,770 



53 



Table 4.— Index of Crime, State, 1981— Continued 



Crime 
Index 
total 



Modified 

Index 
total' 



negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Forcible 



OREGON 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 



PENNSYLVANIA 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 



PUERTO RICO 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Other agencies 

Area actually reporting 
Total 

Rate per 100,000 



RHODE ISLAND 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Rural 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 
inhabitants 



SOUTH CAROLINA 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated totals 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 

inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,717,301 
99.8% 
100.0% 
443,269 
97.2% 
100.0% 
486,430 
100.0% 
2,647,000 



9,720,096 

99.2% 

100.0% 

1,003,222 

99.6% 

100.0% 

1,140,682 

100.0% 

11,864,000 



1,544,882 

100.0% 

3,176,000 



1,883,444 
99.6% 
100.0% 
397,527 
97.7% 
100.0% 
885,029 
100.0% 
3,166,000 



16,211 
186,267 



28,889 
96,640 



49,989 

5,641 

79 

55,709 

5,851.8 



16,321 

513.9 



3,855 

326 

24 

4,205 



15.149 
173,596 



24,357 
80,319 



46,134 

5,315 

55 

51,504 

5,410.1 



777 

142 
145 

226 
1,148 

36.3 



4,780 

180.6 



8,510 

267.9 



3,805 

120.2 



5,040 
52,067 



15,755 
1,654.9 



Table 4.— Index of Crime, State, 1981— Continued 



SOUTH DAKOTA 

tandard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 

Jther cities 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

lural 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

itate total 

Rate per 100,000 

inhabitants 



Crime 
total 



Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

lural 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

itate total 

Rate per 100,000 
inhabitants 



TEXAS 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reportii 
Estimated totals 



Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 



Area actually reporting 

itate total 

Rate per 100,000 



UTAH 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 

Dther cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated totals 

^ural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated totals 

te total 

Rate per 100.000 

inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



109,510 
100.0% 
219,624 

90.4% 
100.0% 
355,866 

74.9% 
100.0% 
685,000 



2,892,978 
96.7% 
100.0% 
595,398 
91.4% 
100.0% 
1,121,624 
89.4% 
100.0% 
4,610,000 



1,597,313 

100.0% 

14,755,000 



1,197,809 
100.0% 
155,771 
98.3% 
100.0% 
162,420 
94.3% 
100.0% 
1,516,000 



20,64( 

3,013.1 



14,417 
16,126 
198,756 



3,425 
3,633 
87,170 



Modified 
Crime 

total' 



1,051 
1,175 
19,019 



4,775 
10,030 



3,037 
4,054 
19,922 



13,366 
14,951 
179,737 



3,927 


73,049 


308 
313 


6,141 
6,248 


271 

287 

4.527 


3,154 
3,346 
82,643 


298.6 


5,451.4 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 



725 

811 

8,920 

193.5 



28,528 

193.3 



6,214 
6,951 
63,811 



19,326 

1,274.8 



1,896 
2,531 
14,587 



6,072 

6,792 

100,526 



58,855 

3.882.3 



377-928 - 5 QL 3 



Table 4.— Index of Crime, SUte, 1981— Continued 



Index 
total 



Modified 
Crime 

total' 






VERMONT 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 



VIRGINU 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Rural 

Area actually reporting 
State total 

Rate per 100,000 

inhabitants 



WASHINGTON 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 
Estimated totals 

State total 

Rate per 100,000 
inhabitants 



WEST VIRGINIA 

Standard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
Other cities 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated totals 

Rural 

Area actually reporting 
State total 

Rate per 100,000 

inhabitants 



WISCONSIN 



Area actually reporting 
Other cities 

Area actually reporting 
Rural 

Area actually reporting 

Estimated totals 

State total 

Rate per 100.000 

inhabitants 

See footnotes at end of table. 



NONE 
246,588 
20.4% 
100.0% 



3,769,336 
100.0% 
430,370 
100.0% 

1,226,294 
100.0% 

5,426,000 



100.0% 
356,827 

94.9% 
100.0% 
469,707 

90.5% 

100.0% 

4,212,000 



716,231 
100.0% 
377,422 
99.2% 
100.0% 
857,347 
100.0% 
1,951,000 



3,180,119 
100.0% 
523,089 
100.0% 

1,035,792 
98.5% 
100.0% 

4,739,000 



213,457 
18,305 



14,433 
15,946 
283,974 



176,050 

26,123 

23,379 
23,728 
225,901 



1,185 
18,839 



13,360 
14.761 
265,135 



7,643 


168,407 


540 


25,583 


710 

721 

8,904 


22,669 
23,007 
216,997 


187,9 


4,579.0 



7,229 
133.2 



8,285 

152.7 



3,077 
85 



3,249 

68.6 



3,120 
3,316 



7,368 
63,350 



4,535 
15,122 



37,632 

4,429 

8,623 
8,752 
50,813 



fable 4.— Index of Crime, State, 1981— Continued 



WYOMING 

tandard Metropolitan 

Statistical Area 

Area actually reporting 
>ther cities 

Area actually reporting 
.ural 



75,108 
100.0% 
259.754 



Index 
total 



Modified 

Index 
total' 



Murder 
negligent 
slaughter 



Forcible 



25,249 

5,131.9 



1,247 

493 

529 

2,116 

430.1 



3,685 
3,945 
23,133 



Aggra- 
assault 



402 
1,709 



Motor 
vehicle 
theft 



2,455 

840 

899 

4,728 

961.0 



2,588 
2,771 
16,972 



275 
1,433 



'Although arson data were introduced in the trend and clearance tables with this issuf 
'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault 



uflicient data are not available to e 



; totals for this offense. 



Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, and motor vehicle theft. Data are not included for the property c 
Includes offenses reported by the U.S. Park Police for the District of Columbia and the Zoological Police. 



57 



Table S.-Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10.000 and over 


in Population, 1981 










•Arson is shown only if 12 months of ar 


on data were received. Leaders (...) indicate zero data 


The Modified Crime 


Index total is the sun 


a of the Crime Index 


offenses, including arson. 






















City by State 


Population 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Modified- 
Crime 
Index 
total 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson' 


ALABAMA 
























AlbertviUe 


12,209 
13,941 
29,951 
14,729 
28,951 


800 
575 

4,195 
626 

1,649 


812 

575 

4,240 

1,650 


10 


3 


10 

9 

107 

3 

15 


36 
77 
462 
20 
56 


176 
105 
1,178 
183 
435 


544 
352 

2,214 
398 

1,107 


29 
31 
198 
20 
34 


12 


Alexander City 


26 
1 
1 


4! 


Athens 
Auburn 


1 


Bessemer 

Birmingham 

Cullman 

Decatur 

Dothan 


31,954 
286,065 
13,254 
42,423 
49,334 


3,207 
34,249 
476 
2,659 
3,738 


3,222 
34,426 
484 
2,673 
3,748 


97 


13 
267 


107 

1,502 

6 

20 

91 


207 

1,426 

1 


946 

10,128 

90 

758 

1,127 


1,728 
17,771 
333 
1,758 
2,074 


201 
3.058 
46 
118 
158 


If 

177 
f 




2 
19 




265 


IC 


Enterprise 

Eufaula 

Fairfield 


17,825 
12,311 
13,161 
37,505 


862 
491 
1,321 
2,311 


863 
493 




5 
7 


9 
8 

39 
37 


121 
47 
64 
40 


172 
105 
260 
629 


525 
313 
852 
1,480 


27 
II 
99 
119 


! 






Gadsden 
Homewood 
Hueytown 
Huntsville 


48,197 
21,560 
13,434 
144,302 
11,968 


4,158 
1,810 

341 
12,078 

784 


4,205 

1,814 

345 

12,167 

784 




23 

5 


76 
69 
3 
244 
5 


318 
55 
9 

273 
33 


279 

85 

3,441 

189 


2,618 
1,281 

221 
7,386 

437 


221 
121 
23 
652 
110 


4' 




, 


19 

3 


63 

7 


8! 






MobUe 
Montgomery 
Mountam Brook 
Nonhport 
Opehka 


202,227 
179,357 
18,478 
14,534 
22,399 


21,998 

11,512 

549 

964 

1,829 


22,151 

11,628 

549 

964 

1,833 


39 
30 


123 
37 


938 
263 
9 
19 
18 


1,529 
523 
II 
162 
119 


7,439 

3,203 

95 

199 

336 


10,961 
6,931 
412 
542 
1,282 


969 
525 
22 
38 
65 


15: 
III 




4 
8 




I 




Ozark 
Phen« City 
Prattville 
Scottsboro 
Selma 


12,900 
26,831 
18,640 
14,960 
26,613 


1,014 
1,986 
881 
586 
3,635 


1,019 

881 
587 
3,643 




5 
22 

1 


19 
49 
18 
3 
105 


146 
109 
83 
27 
521 


169 
549 
237 
96 


648 
1,140 
517 
413 
2,001 


27 
113 
24 
47 
95 












11 




Sheffield 

Sylacauga 

Talladega 

Troy 

Tuscaloosa 


12,036 
12,870 
19,436 
12,778 
74,302 


728 
390 
992 
485 
5,688 


732 
397 
996 
486 




1 
3 

1 
31 


6 
3 
6 
9 
140 


24 
34 
95 
28 
541 


93 
72 
265 
187 
1.190 


592 
265 
587 
233 
3,494 


13 
34 
24 
286 








Tuskegec 
Vestavia Hills 

ALASKA 


12,832 
15,876 


1,210 
528 


1,210 
528 




6 


15 
3 


85 
8 


596 
99 


473 
377 


34 
40 


























Anchorage 
Fairbanks 
Juneau 

ARIZONA 


179,148 
23,188 


13,731 
2,598 


13,805 
2,635 




173 
43 


380 
32 


353 
109 


2,797 


8,826 
1,711 
476 


1,184 
276 

72 


74 

3 
























Apache Junction 

Cdsa Grande 

Chandler 

Douglas 

Flagstaff 

Glendale 


10,214 
12,160 
30,455 
13,524 
35,817 
95,463 


492 
1,432 
2,518 

908 
3,663 
5,654 


492 
1,439 
2,533 

910 
3,678 
5,721 






6 
28 
42 

3 

68 
121 


28 
172 
93 
24 
82 
312 


115 
227 
588 
193 
834 
1,713 


315 
948 
1,671 
645 
2.515 
3.083 


26 
47 
110 
42 
128 
403 




8 
II 

1 
35 
18 


1 
1 




Lake Havasu 
Mesa 
Nogales 
Paradise Valley 


16,380 
153,941 
14,368 
11,496 


832 

11,170 

875 

654 


838 

11,264 

876 

655 






8 
143 


30 
546 
51 

5 


235 
2,510 
368 
343 


490 
7.446 
392 
268 


69 
473 
58 
36 






51 
1 
1 


V 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and OTer in Population, 1981— Continued 



Indei 
total 



Modified* 
Index 



Murder 
negligent 
slaughter 



ARIZONA-Contiiioed 

Prescott 

Scottsdale 

Sierra Vista 

Tucson 

Yuma 

ARKANSAS 

Arkadelphia 

BIytheville 

Conway 

El Dorado 

FayetteviJle 

Forrest City 

Fort Smith 

Hope 

Hot Springs 

Jacksonville 

Jonesboro 

Little Rock 

Magnolia 

Malvern 

North Little Rock 

Paragould 

JFine Bluff 

Russellville 

Sherwood 

Spnngdale 

Stuttgart 

Texarkana 

Van Buren 

West Helena 

West Memphis 

CALIFORNM 

! Alameda 

jAlhambra 

IJAnaheim 

|Antioch 

I'Arcadia 

: Arroyo Grande 

lArtesia 

IAtascadero 
Atwater 

Bakersfield 

Baldwin Park 

Banning 

(Barslow 



90,208 
25,613 
109,346 



10,072 
17,753 
24,432 
20,363 

25,416 
36,323 
13,816 
71,827 



35,966 
27,663 
31,556 
154,503 
11,989 

10,191 
64,672 
15,264 
57,059 
17,427 



47,178 
12,797 
11,554 
14,557 
17,244 
17,967 

28,038 
115,270 
51,883 
14,335 
18,058 



1,092 
1,415 
18,781 



988 
4,186 
17,202 
3,739 



2,342 
13,655 
3,362 
1,087 



81,870 
1,289 
7,703 
718 



2,359 
13,788 
3,392 



3,119 


23,052 


46.977 


57 


240 


897 


169 


1,783 


5,221 


23 


116 


543 


456 


2,740 


7,079 


1,747 


10,521 


22,126 


248 


874 


2.377 



59 



Table S.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Crmie 
total 



Modified* 
CiTine 

total 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



CALIFORNIA-Continued 



Bell 

Bell Gardens ... 

Bellflower 

Belmont 

Benicia 

Berkeley 

Beverly Hills ... 

Brawley , 

Brea 

Buena Park 

Burbank 

Burlingame 

Calexico 

Camarillo 

Campbell 

Carlsbad 

Carpinteria — . . 

Carson 

Ceres 

Cerritos 

Chico 

Chino 

Chula Vista 

Claremont 

Clovis 

Colton 

Commerce 

Compton 

Concord 

Corona 

Coronado 

Costa Mesa 

Covina 

Cudahy 

Culver City 

Cupertino 

Daly City 

Delano 

Dinuba 

Downey 

Duarte 

El Cajon 

El Centro 

El Cerrito 

El Monte 

El Segundo 

Escondido 

Fairfield 

Folsom 

Fontana 

Foster City 

Fountain Valley 
Fremont 

Fresno 



34,979 
54,492 
25,071 
15,476 

105,879 
33,140 
15,316 
28,639 
65,818 

86,011 
26,907 
14,932 
38,433 
27,301 

34,849 
11,089 
87,224 
13,586 
53,725 

27,134 
41,083 
86,066 
31,774 
32,881 

20,391 
10,787 
81,370 
104,646 
38,875 

19,307 
83.291 
34.017 
18,596 
39,490 

31,575 
44,799 
78,862 
37,601 
16,987 
10.101 

84,597 
17,200 
75,960 
24,654 
23,290 

81,383 
14,123 
65,303 
24,790 



35.475 
23,846 
56,334 
134,986 



1,258 
1,788 
3.858 



5,785 
1.770 
4,178 



2,353 
2,104 
3,477 
2,470 



6.482 
1,350 
3,733 
2,291 
3,952 



2,249 
2,292 
5,470 
1,694 
2,693 



8,988 
7,775 
3,077 



2,406 
2,114 
3,514 
2,489 



3,743 
2,298 
4,007 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to tbe Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Modified* 
Crime 
Index 
total 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



CAUFORNIA-Contiiiued 



128,668 
21.891 


9.584 
1,989 


141.176 


7.693 


36.382 


1.621 


21.608 


1,833 


10.711 


989 


57.849 


5,436 


96.813 


9,154 



47.309 


3.471 


3.485 


23.297 


1.392 


1,400 


22.043 


2,851 




96.620 


10.875 


10,987 


70.477 


3.219 


3,239 


20.708 


605 


608 


21.654 


843 


846 


18.351 


1.469 


1,469 


45.834 


2.598 


2.633 


76.419 


4.362 


4.383 


51.273 


2.670 


2.678 


38.317 


1,747 


1.757 


49.207 


3,012 


3.045 


16.041 


539 


545 


31.715 


2,576 


2.599 


24.069 


1,153 


1,160 


23.953 


1,761 


1,784 


49.388 


3,244 


3,381 


36,379 


2,687 


2,707 


17,155 


927 


941 


26,863 


1,982 


1,997 


366,405 


32,280 


32,500 


26,767 


1,006 


l.OIO 


3,031.090 


304,100 


310.995 


10,603 


998 


998 


27,036 


1,787 


1.820 


44,967 


4,510 


4.566 


22,252 


1,098 


1.102 


32,384 


2,150 


2,157 


25,673 


1,561 


1,569 


18,867 


889 


894 


22,948 


1,421 


1,444 


10,152 


1,165 


1,176 


22,380 


905 


915 


26,873 


2,012 


2,021 


37,393 


3,514 


3,530 


20,475 


862 


867 


13.120 


803 


805 


36.684 


3,003 


3,032 


108.215 


10,602 


10.725 


31.007 


2,443 


2,453 


23.158 


2,865 


2,899 


54.214 


3,434 


3,496 


28.245 


2,520 


2,534 


55.743 


3.309 


3,323 



2,928 

19 

28,152 



1.298 


1,548 


2.963 


5,083 


530 


1,240 


2,478 


3.900 


606 


835 


448 


1.230 


304 


383 


1,173 


2,570 


2,231 


5.724 



Table 5. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981 — Continued 





Crime 


Population 


Index 




total 


17,374 


1,024 


60,086 


4,375 


51,220 


3,520 


49,889 


4,987 


32,612 


2,600 


59,905 


5,324 


87,566 


4,923 


42,813 


1,920 


347,736 


44,678 


76,636 


5,584 


90,170 


7,666 


93,890 


5,741 


118,879 


7,548 


36,599 


1,637 


16,115 


712 


32,354 


4,260 


12,571 


1,042 


56,345 


4,916 


14,728 


369 


23,080 


770 


36,977 


3,038 


120,998 


11,305 


34,286 


1,803 


54,811 


3,222 


10,785 


487 


14,672 


845 


33,544 


2,830 


35,890 


1,414 


26,016 


2,253 


35,832 


1,481 


95,101 


11,255 


20,106 


2,382 


18,111 


780 


36,420 


908 


43,123 


3,619 


44,641 


2,492 


58,450 


3,823 


58,037 


3,599 


11,239 


543 


38,437 


3,345 


76,185 


8,149 


16,321 


714 


174,417 


15,361 


23,023 


1,378 


43,676 


2,889 


24,903 


2,281 


281.854 


36,661 


82,579 


6,652 


12,207 


572 


119,962 


17.327 


36.041 


2.032 


21.322 


1.121 


27.995 


1.172 


898.109 


66,123 


24.523 


1.303 


17.982 


1,501 


692,092 


71,812 


30,921 


1,735 


12,763 


889 


644,823 


54.514 


15,388 


928 



Modified* 
CiHrae 
Indei 
total 



negligent 
slaughter 



Aggra- 



CALIFORNU-ContinDed 

[ill 

Vie 

:uy 

Beai 

Palm Springs 

Palmdale 

Palo Alto 

Palos Verdes Estates 

Paradise 

Paramoimt 

Pasadena 

Petaluma 

Pico Rivera 

Piedmont 

Pinole 

Pittsburg 

Placentia 

Pleasant Hill 

Pleasanton 

Pomona 

Porterville 

Port Hueneme 

Rancho Palos Verdes 

Redding 

Redlands 

Redondo Beach 

Redwood City 

Reedley 

Rialto 

Richmond 

Ridgecrest 

Riverside 

Rohnert Park 

Rosemead 

Roseville 

Sacramento 

Salinas 

San Anselmo 

San Bernardino 

San Bruno 

San Carlos 

San Clemente 

San Diego 

San Diraas 

San Fernando 

San Francisco 

San Gabriel 

Sanger 

San Jose 

San Juan Capistrano . 



3.307 
2,310 
2,562 



Table 5. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Tofnis 10,000 and over in Population, 1981 — Continued 



CAUFORNU— Continued 



65,098 
35,107 
13,652 
80,678 
20,262 

45,028 
211,205 
76,841 
89,630 
42,506 

14,943 



29,723 
26,565 
30,876 
11,204 
1 1,075 

79,390 
16,972 
68,554 
21,196 
23,234 

50,151 
24,254 

153,585 
10,943 

109,197 

30,953 
79,878 
134,815 
18,980 
23,063 



12,388 
40,002 
48,338 

41,046 
79,204 
76,843 
50,872 
10,230 
54,125 

24,951 
79,605 
69.220 
70,165 



2,806 
20,712 
7,517 
6,318 



2,256 
3,567 
10,434 



2,949 
1,914 
4,013 
2,400 



2,929 
1,771 
17.271 



2,684 
5,912 
4,978 



Modified* 
Crime 



2,832 
20,835 
7,567 
6,378 



2,967 
1,930 
4,059 
2,408 



2,751 
5,953 
5,013 
4,816 



Murder 
negligent 
slaughter 



115 


1,283 


3,414 


42 


590 


1,300 


12 


223 


217 


238 


1,197 


4,085 


260 


708 


1,833 


57 


606 


1,839 


777 


6,736 


10,935 


222 


2,264 


4,365 


212 


1,704 


3,748 


337 


847 


3,046 


179 


703 


1,011 


218 


1,244 


1,819 


304 


2,718 


5,546 



63 



Table 5.-Number of Offenses Known to the PoUce, Cities and Towns 10.000 and over in Population. 1981-Continued 



Aurora 
Boulder 
Brighton 
Broomfleld 
Canon City 

Colorado Springs 
Commerce City 
Denver 
Durango 
Englewood 
Fort Collins 

Golden 

Grand Junction 

Greeley 

Lakewood 

Littleton 

Longmont 

Loveland 

Northglenn 

Pueblo 

Sterling 

Thornton 

Westminster 



Wheal Ridge 



Avon . 
Berlin 
Bethel 



Branford .. 
Bridgeport 

Bristol 

Brookfield 
Cheshire . 



Danbury 

Darien 

Derby 

East Hartford 



East Haven Town , 

Enfield 

Fairfield 

Farmington 

Glastonbury 



Greenwich — 
Groton City .. 
Groton Town 
Guilford 



Hamden 

Hartford 

Madison Town 
Manchester . . . . 

Meriden 

Middlelown .... 

Milford 

Monroe 

Naugatuck 



80,010 
162,900 
78,476 
13,248 
14,892 
13,359 

213,062 
16,697 

503.695 
10,757 
30,860 
66,854 

12,598 
28,975 
54,128 
117,322 
29,311 
44,163 

31,194 
30,622 
104,492 



15,321 


358 


15,917 


349 


18,816 


1,399 


23,118 


839 


44,152 


17,360 


57,856 


2,372 


12,797 


351 


21,801 


638 



Modified* 
Crime 
Index 
total 



11,357 


338 


60,008 


3,672 


19,031 


851 


12,329 


444 


53,178 


3,547 


25,275 


1,312 


43,216 


2.190 


55,349 


2,348 


16,605 


900 


24,564 


1,027 


59,364 


2,396 


10,211 


565 


41,482 


1.571 


17,940 


766 


51,621 


2.882 


137,940 


24.732 


14,090 


521 


50,394 


2.623 


57,177 


2,932 


39,494 


1,789 


51,491 


2,222 


14,118 


482 


26,468 


280 


18.057 


377 


127,281 


16,175 



and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



144 


37 


192 


44 


206 


4 


67 




35 




174 


35 


51 


6 


106 


88 


53 








1,942 


241 


28 


1 


222 


6 






213 


9 


274 


18 


15 


33 


27 


3 


29 




2,111 


141 



Fable 5. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981 — Continued 



Index 
total 



Modified* 
Crime 

total 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



CONNECnCUT-ContiBiied 

Sewington 

Slew London 

iJewtown 

vlorlh Branford 

sjorth Haven 

'4orwich 

Jrange 

'lainville 

'lymouth 

lidgefield Town 

locky Hill 

Jeymour 

ihelton 

Jiuisbury 

iouthington 

iouth Windsor 

Stamford 

itonington 

itratford 

forrington 

frumbull 

/emon 

Vallingford 

Vaterburv' 

Vaterford 

Vest Hanford 

Vest Haven 

Vestport 

Vethersfield 

Villimantic 

Vilton 

Vindsor 

Vindsor Locks 

Vinsted 

Volcott 

DELAWARE 

)over 

Jewark 

Vilmington 

DISTHICT OF COLUMBU 

I'ashington 

FLORIDA 

'Jtamonte Springs 

■elle Glade 

ioca Raton 

oynlon Beach 

radenlon 

:ape Coral 

iasselberry 

tlearwater 



29,182 


1,298 


29,250 


2,194 


19,017 


565 


11,610 


371 


22,293 


1,168 


38,504 


2,283 


13,382 


980 


16,624 


801 


10,873 


267 


20,273 


571 


14,742 


611 


13.502 


412 


31,774 


741 


20,045 


389 


37,184 


1,187 


17,408 


591 


102,844 


7,817 


16,435 


641 


51,133 


2,463 


31,350 


1,112 


33,403 


1,454 


28,340 


1,637 


37,140 


1,775 


103,446 


7,240 


18,021 


466 


62,071 


3,011 


53,759 


3,398 


25,618 


1,841 


26,338 


893 


14,810 


1,176 


15,349 


371 


25,470 


1,352 


12,276 


268 



22,838 
15,752 
15,386 
53,294 
36,491 

31,431 
33,880 
15,994 
92,710 
17,024 



320 
331 
2,252 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and oyer in Population, 1981— Continued 






City by Stale 


Population 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Modified* 
Crime 
Index 
total 


Murder 
and non- 
negligem 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson- 








slaughter 
















FLORIDA-Contiiiaed 
























Cocoa Beach 


11,572 


1,303 


1.304 


1 


7 


37 


122 


335 


714 


87 


1 




10,739 


497 


497 


1 




4 


23 


133 


323 


12 




Coral Gables 


45,095 


4,710 


4.741 


9 


13 


202 


136 


851 


3.252 


247 


j'l 


Coral Spnngs 


39,192 


1,487 


1.491 


1 


4 


9 


38 


431 


951 


53 


4 


Dania 


12,605 


2,511 


2,527 


5 


14 


185 


326 


874 


868 


239 


16 


Davie 


21,834 


2,204 


2,216 


1 


9 


57 


90 


651 


1,231 


165 


12 


Daytona Beach 


56,964 


9,099 


9.112 


12 


67 


331 


536 


2,238 


5,497 


418 


13 


Deerfield Beach 


33,438 


1,853 


1,860 


5 


14 


83 


133 


707 


776 


135 


7 


De Land 


14,626 


1,772 


1.783 


1 


7 


22 


83 


549 


1,045 


65 


11 


Delray Beach 


36,135 


4,265 


4.279 


2 


19 


130 


279 


1,181 


2,447 


207 


14 


Dunedin 


31,679 


1,559 


1.574 


, 


11 


15 


199 


485 


806 


42 


15 


Eustis 


10,088 


550 


552 


1 


1 


6 


8 


181 


317 


36 


2 


Fort Lauderdale 


163,677 


22,022 


22.095 


49 


94 


1.347 


561 


7.823 


10,398 


1.750 


73 


Fort Myers 


38,917 


5,101 


5,103 


9 


21 


247 


379 


1.162 


3,095 


188 


2 


Fort Pierce 


35,917 


5,144 


5,167 


9 


28 


213 


531 


1.504 


2.681 


178 


23 


Fort Walton Beach 


22,114 


1,020 


1,024 


1 


5 


28 


67 


347 


494 


78 


4 


Gainesville 


76,794 


9,267 


9,296 


4 


62 


275 


671 


2.462 


5.526 


267 


29 


Gulfport 
Haines City 


11,762 


760 


762 




1 


9 


33 


241 


455 


21 


2 


11,240 


822 


825 


2 


1 


17 


19 


203 


534 


46 


3 


Hallandale 


39,074 


3,932 


3.936 


6 


32 


273 


270 


874 


2,155 


322 


4 


Hialeah 


152,618 


10,481 


10,503 


37 


28 


476 


738 


2.004 


6.118 


1.080 


22 


Holly Hill 


10,444 


1,194 


1.196 


1 


3 


41 


84 


296 


719 


50 


2 


Hollywood 


124,145 


13,451 


13.515 


19 


49 


657 


508 


3.468 


7.776 


974 


64 


Homestead 


21,053 


3,538 


3.549 


10 


18 


240 


338 


938 


1.820 


174 


11 


Jacksonville 


575,157 


45,070 


45.376 


89 


410 


2.340 


2.795 


13.096 


24.469 


1.871 


306 


Jacksonville Beach 


16,419 


1,833 


1.834 


3 


12 


62 


52 


582 


1,037 


85 


> 


Key West 


19,024 


2,823 


2.825 


6 


29 


105 


175 


820 


1,438 


250 


2 


Kissimmee 


16,291 


2,518 


2.541 


1 


13 


46 


161 


653 


1,554 


90 


23 


Lakeland 


51,714 


5.003 


5.030 


8 


16 


115 


244 


1.240 


3,145 


235 


27 


Lake Worth 


27,741 


3,543 


3,564 


5 


29 


79 


254 


1,051 


1,907 


218 


21 


Urgo 
Uesburg 


64,635 


2.617 


2,627 




6 


33 


87 


777 


1,623 


91 


10 


13,988 


1.502 


1,513 


1 


13 


53 


90 


350 


964 


31 




Lighthouse Point 
Longwood 
Margate 
Melbourne 


12,135 


549 


551 






12 




121 


389 


22 


2 


10,523 


717 


725 






g 


34 


299 


350 


26 




38,112 


1,317 


1,319 




10 


26 


48 


304 


836 


93 


2 


48,865 


3,715 


3,738 


1 


19 


58 


306 


908 


2,270 


153 


23 


Miami 


356,734 


52,911 


53,185 


210 


382 


6.196 


4,423 


12,570 


24.388 


4.742 


274 


Miami Beach 


96,522 


11,096 


11,125 


19 


37 


599 


349 


3,314 


6.044 


734 


29 


Miami Spnngs 


12,966 


1,132 




1 


3 


68 


62 


241 


639 


118 




Miramar 


34,695 


1,591 


1,604 


5 


12 


71 


83 


535 


769 


116 


13 


Naples 


18,700 


1.713 


1.718 


3 


8 


22 


66 


429 


1.144 


41 


5 


New Port Richey 


11,336 


937 


943 






10 




200 


642 


44 


6 


New Smyrna Beach 


14,145 


1.478 


1,479 


1 


^ 


18 


160 


362 


888 


43 




Niceville 


10,094 


222 


224 


1 




I 




78 


124 


18 


2 


North Uuderdale 


18,729 


734 


735 




5 


11 


36 


221 


428 


33 




North Miami 


44,864 


4.390 


4,405 


8 


14 


280 


196 


1,260 


2.217 


415 


15 


North Miami Beach 


34,742 


3.613 


3,631 


4 


20 


215 


254 


871 


1,953 


296 


18 


North Palm Beach 


11,835 
21,549 


870 
4.488 


872 
4,502 




5 
16 


7 
191 


21 
167 


110 
1,111 


697 
2,661 


30 
331 


2 


Oakland Park 


11 


14 


Ocala 


38,151 


4.922 


4,946 


4 


19 


134 


244 


1,328 


3,011 


182 


24 


Opa Locka 


15,126 


2,768 




14 


25 


238 


451 


755 


1.070 


215 




Orlando 


135,812 


17,469 


17,555 


25 


154 


885 


1.309 


5,180 


9.061 


855 


86 


Onnond Beach 


22,650 


1,461 


1,462 


1 


4 


37 


30 


304 


1.025 


60 


1 


Palatka 


10,545 


1,124 


1,125 


2 


4 


27 


90 


222 


754 


25 


1 


Palm Bay 


19,143 


1,110 


1,127 




3 


9 


43 


449 


580 


26 


17 


Palm Beach 


10,188 


793 


797 




2 


12 


14 


149 


585 


31 




Palm Beach Gardens 


12,248 


689 


692 




4 




54 


129 


453 


43 


3 


Panama Cil) 


35,172 


3,299 


3,305 


1 


33 


47 


365 


666 


2.067 


120 


6 


Pembroke Pines 


37.879 


1,766 


1,777 


8 


5 


60 


66 


519 


1,021 


87 


11 


Pensacola 


60,706 


4,934 


4,969 




29 


148 


367 


1.180 


3.049 


157 


35 







Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Gties and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 





Crime 


Population 


Index 




tolal 


34,508 


2,455 


51.498 


4,401 


20,247 


1,887 


54,819 


7,015 


19,486 


1.055 


15,674 


795 


27,172 


3,832 


12,470 


759 


12,546 


1,099 


248,151 


20,894 


22,018 


2.502 


51.855 


4.915 


10,020 


588 


11,202 


1.603 


41,917 


2.001 


85,814 


9.783 


29,971 


939 


285,530 


40.856 


13,897 


1.128 


11,787 


851 


33,725 


2,622 


12,893 


787 


17,167 


1,551 


62,133 


10,644 


13,514 


958 


22,456 


2.019 


23,717 


2.463 


11,044 


332 


76,564 


6.172 


16,639 


1.185 


42,722 


4.283 


435,626 


60.569 


46,156 


3.576 


10,840 


568 


17,896 


2.381 


14,500 


961 


25,243 


2.508 


173,847 


8.776 


11,204 


1.064 


10.756 


835 


21.374 


1.775 


18.676 


1.394 


10,930 


710 


16.554 


994 


38,482 


3.775 


20,602 


2.390 


14,623 


1.460 


21.371 


1.987 


11.499 


1.012 


24.857 


1.659 


119.773 


9.004 


12.424 


973 


16.094 


876 


11.802 


540 


30.642 


2,548 


23,970 


1.019 


142,792 


15,369 


21,341 


1,929 


15,236 


740 



Modified" 
Cnme 



Murder 
and non- 
negligenl 



FLORIDA— Contiiioed 

Pinellas Park 

Plantation 

Plant City 

Pompano Beach 

Pori Orange 

Port Saint Lucie 

Riviera Beach 

Rockledge 

Saint Augustine 

Saint Petersburg 

Sanford 

Sarasota 

South Daytona 

South Miami 

Sunrise Village 

Fallahassee 

Famarac 

Fampa 

Farpon Springs 

Femple Terrace 

Fitusville 

k'enice 

^ero Beach 

West Palm Beach 

iVilton Manors 

IVinter Haven 

Winter Park 

Winter Springs 

GEORGU 

Mbany 

\mencus 

\thens 

Mlanla 

\ugusta 

Bainbridge 

Brunswick 

IlanoUton 

:i)llege Park 

^lumbus 

rordele 

[^vington 

3alton 

3ecatur 

Douglas 

Oublin 

East Point 

Forest Park 

jainesville 

jriffin 

riinesville 

La Grange 

Wacon 

WUledgeville 

Vloultne 

'Jewnan 

Some 

Soswell 

Savannah 

Smyrna 

Statesboro 



1.107 
21.054 
2.506 
4,938 



2,808 

335 

12,575 



248 
742 
2,787 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Index 
totaJ 



Modified' 
Crime 

loul 



negligent 
slaughter 



Aggra- 




vated 


Burglary 


assault 




51 


366 


58 


705 


17 


27 


16 


342 


36 


201 


31 


807 


340 


12,576 


30 


122 


348 


2,208 


98 


482 


76 


315 


67 


395 


15 


385 


15 


133 


70 


517 


75 


603 


11 


65 


85 


372 


21 


402 


31 


281 


83 


993 


55 


635 


246 


2,094 


33 


128 


19 


199 


13 


338 


67 


226 


12 


298 


20 


237 


38 


508 


20 


128 


88 


797 


41 


318 


33 


244 


11 


180 


27 


146 


4 


73 


16 


129 


42 


375 


68 


351 


57 


611 


21 


129 


53 


333 


58 


426 


79 


236 


34 


138 


7,359 


30,112 


252 


1,083 



GEORGU-Contiiiaed 



Thomasville 
Valdosta 
Vidalia 

Warner Robins 
Waycross 



Lewiston 

Nampa 
Potatello 
Rexburg 
Twin Falls 



Addison 

Alsip 

Alton 

Ailington Heights 

Bartlett 

Bauvia 

Belleville 

Bellwood 

Belvidere 

Bensenvitle 



Berwyn 
Bloomingdale 



Bndgeview 
Brookfield 
Buffalo Grove 
Burbank 
Cahokia 



Carpentersvilje 

Ceniralia 
Charleston 
Chicago 
Chicago Heights 



103,789 


7,594 


17,886 


1,751 


20,408 


1,611 


40,246 


2,326 


28,427 


1,578 


16,699 


785 


25,468 


2,116 


47.114 


3,163 


11,762 


643 


26.633 


1,800 


28,476 


1,449 


17.233 


1,090 


34,260 


3,602 


67,251 


2,790 


77,794 


6,888 


13,277 


455 


12,276 


584 


40,203 


1,319 


19,986 


1,129 


15,349 


1,122 


16,241 


933 


47,205 


1,849 


12,567 


783 


44,720 


3,319 


21,892 


1,280 


36,252 


1,202 


13,407 


405 


14,183 


858 


19,406 


300 


72,333 


728 


28,604 


1,182 


19.136 


1,256 


39,423 


3,241 


14,902 


637 


26,374 


1,723 


23,458 


1,617 


15,032 


1,096 


19,644 


476 


3,012,703 


173,316 


37,213 


3,238 



Table 5. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981 — Continued 



Index 
total 



Modified' 
Index 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



Forcible 



Aggra- 
vated 




13,581 


721 


61,772 


3,783 


21,719 


1,431 


14,755 


389 


10,782 


230 


18,618 


562 


39,184 


3,283 


14,884 


246 


94,336 


6,710 


17,437 


466 


33,282 


1,247 


53,950 


2,235 


15,868 


736 


24,870 


1,366 


39,170 


1,532 


20,896 


1,353 


21,736 


892 


55,449 


3,263 


12,546 


613 


11,337 


600 


63,825 


4,523 


29,069 


1,429 


44,373 


1,345 


73,923 


6,179 


22,322 


1,615 


15,266 


904 


17,708 


1,274 


26,291 


1,621 


35,731 


2,708 


23,292 


1,000 


24,062 


894 


30,589 


844 


10,517 


450 


36,848 


2,479 


29,043 


1,302 


10,435 


450 


35,670 


5,193 


14,083 


570 


10,240 


203 


13,885 


429 


30,526 


779 


38,442 


1,326 


19,812 


1,140 


20,352 


1,247 


78,853 


7,386 


10,610 


536 


30,074 


3,564 


14,611 


545 


15,484 


724 


15,249 


351 


29,221 


1,260 


10,422 


452 



69 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Crime 
total 



Modified- 
Crime 
Index 
total 



and non- 
negligent 



Aggra- 



ILLINOIS-Contiiiued 



River Grove 
Rock Falls 
Rockford 
Rock Island 
Rolling Meadows 

Romeoville 

Roselle 

Round Lake Beach 

Saint Charles 

Sauk Village 



Skokie 

South Holland 

Sprrngfield 



linley Park 
Urbana 
Villa Park 



14,983 


1.420 


10,267 


1.160 


19.243 


313 


28,224 


2,278 


11,139 


441 


14,299 


1.122 


45,978 


3.170 


10,783 


686 


13,760 


382 


51,769 


2.467 


16,590 


1.432 


17,146 


720 


41.588 


1,442 


30,535 


840 


35.914 


1,205 


38.609 


1,800 


12.280 


297 


26.214 


1,110 


60.889 


1,658 


55.378 


3,011 


10,274 


568 


22,907 


1,118 


18,327 


722 


32.226 


1,094 


11,059 


259 


16,773 


509 


26,385 


1,117 


39,099 


1,133 


124,679 


11,822 


10,958 


482 


11,797 


898 


42,418 


2,411 


20,260 


606 


13.305 


665 


12,493 


613 


10,432 


471 


10,678 


435 


140,436 


12,850 


47,341 


4,476 


20.187 


856 


15,681 


646 


14,697 


550 


13,029 


888 


17,390 


1,098 


10,896 


553 


52,541 


2.860 


11,626 


823 


60,858 


3.020 


24,896 


1.086 


99,970 


8.552 



70 



Fable S. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981 — Continued 



Modified* 
Index 



Murder 
ncgligenl 
slaughter 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 



17.879 
12,553 
12.943 
16,773 

43,148 
23,276 
28,436 



64,479 


4,237 


14,403 


773 


13,204 


662 


51,914 


2,302 


18,088 


651 


15,115 


1,651 


30,358 


2,146 


13,322 


687 


16,379 


316 


39,834 


2,678 


41,086 


2,883 


10,596 


570 


129,784 


9,061 


171,192 


13,112 


151,991 


12,268 


19,667 


474 


19,317 


1,079 


17,242 


922 


93,524 


6,622 


25,901 


1,065 


22,824 


1,207 


16,176 


838 


461,820 


33,898 


21.261 


1,426 


47,160 


2,151 


42.925 


2,323 


21,800 


1,168 


25.531 


817 


11,421 


460 


17.882 


1,044 


12.478 


121 


35,865 


2,531 


11,224 


319 


27,562 


928 


36,280 


3,269 


38,313 


2,674 


74,162 


5,377 


20,664 


874 


37,120 


3,618 


12,041 


597 



1,215 
841 
34,090 
1,429 
2,218 

2,337 
1,168 
817 
463 



664 




2,309 
655 


2 


1,676 
2,146 


2 

1 


319 




2,678 
2.890 
571 


9 

3 


9.134 
3.248 


11 
18 


2.582 

477 


85 



71 



Table S.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 





Crime 


Population 


Index 




total 


27,210 


1,239 


41,298 


2,867 


12,425 


538 


14,609 


877 


108,265 


11,736 


12,545 


495 


61,075 


4,139 


22,139 


1,394 


12,973 


209 


10,605 


611 


21,216 


798 


15,353 


719 


27,174 


1,350 


12,531 


531 


28,387 


2,143 


33,342 


1,607 


109,715 


9,264 


32,657 


2,445 


56,134 


5,644 


102,653 


8,272 


190,202 


19,974 


62,055 


4,228 


29,171 


2,220 


13,424 


829 


10,782 


473 


50,301 


2,969 


13,498 


892 


19,435 


797 


26,753 


1,546 


29,989 


2,437 


23,308 


1,803 


15,229 


1,083 


27,252 


1,412 


81,500 


7,000 


11,239 


619 


17,788 


891 


21,811 


1,448 


13,256 


698 


11,563 


454 


10,404 


403 


15,343 


1,503 


17,988 


1,557 


11,663 


528 


25,298 


2,249 


18,449 


1,362 


16,730 


811 


16,463 


992 



Modified* 
Index 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



INDIANA-Contiiiued 

Portage 
Richmond 
Schererville 
Seymour 
South Bend 

Speedway 
Terre Haute 
Valparaiso 
Wabash 

West Lafayette 

IOWA 

Ankeny 

Bettendorf 

Boone 
Burlington 
Cedar Falls 
Cedar Rapids 

Clinton 

Council Bluffs 
Davenport 
Des Moines 
Dubuque 
Fort Dodge 
Fort Madison 

Indianola 
Iowa City 
Keokuk 
Marion 



Newton 
Ottmnwa 
Sioux City 
Spencer 



West Des Moines 



Arkansas City 
Atchison 
Chanute 
Coffpyville 
Dodge City 

El Dorado 
Empona 
Garden City 
Great Bend 
Hays 



2,460 
5,708 
8,341 
20,174 
4,299 
2,225 



Table 5. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981 — Continued 





Cn»e 


Populalion 


Index 




total 


40,692 


3,176 


10,721 


482 


19,497 


2,709 


161,753 


18,123 


52,582 


3.770 


34,011 


2,052 


13,417 


391 


18,696 


914 


15,060 


1,078 


32,871 


1,959 


11,859 


277 


10.706 


1,061 


16,406 


798 


37,263 


2,395 


11.081 


543 


82,291 


5,009 


13,020 


739 


18,977 


1,289 


24,778 


755 


42,095 


2,420 


29,845 


1,663 


117,336 


10,742 


282,465 


25,383 


10,792 


441 


27,187 


1,909 


39,095 


3,126 


49,161 


3.529 


12,992 


539 


15.433 


614 


14.529 


804 


15.644 


1,106 


13.624 


235 


16.009 


278 


26,061 


1,333 


13,031 


76 


24,911 


1,432 


27,270 


1,949 


14,265 


682 


204,171 


16.836 


299,916 


21.124 


17,038 


615 


10,803 


388 


12,120 


612 


14,299 


450 


21,593 


1.408 


54,127 


3,101 


29,375 


2,186 


14.561 


665 


21.819 


954 


13,185 


890 



Modified* 
Crime 
Index 



and non- 
negligent 



Aggra- 
assault 



KANS.4S-Coiitiiiued 

Hutchinson 

Independence 

Junction City 

Kansas City 

Lawrence 

Leavenworth 

Leawood 

Liberal 

Manhattan 

McPherson 

Merriam 

Newton 

Olathe 

Ottawa 

Overland Park 

Pittsburg 

Prairie Village 

Salina 

Shawnee 

Topeka 

Wichita 

Winfield 

KENTUCKY 

Ashland 

Bowling Green 

Covington 

Danville 

EhTabethtown 

Erlanger 

Rorence 

Fort Mitchell 

Fort Thomas 

Frankfort 

jiasgow 

Henderson 

Hopkinsville 

Itffersontown 

Lexington 

Louisville 

Madisonville 

Mayfield 

Vf iddlesboro 

Vlurray 

■Newport 

Dwensboro 

Paducah 

Sadcliff 

Wchmond 



3,192 
487 
2,734 
18,285 
3,794 



2,449 

1,675 

10,830 

25,598 

445 



543 
205 
4.343 



1,597 
8,675 
2.397 



1.083 
5.880 
15,798 



1,208 
2.048 
2.195 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



City by State 



Modified' 
Crime 

total 



Aggra- 
vated 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


assault 






78 


273 


9 


87 


496 


262 


1.136 


3,015 


38 


288 


482 


2,073 


7,807 


13,735 


79 


377 


675 


402 


613 


2,153 


57 


145 


162 


30 


79 


190 


106 


253 


405 


136 


625 


994 


67 


478 


1,200 


8 


71 


291 


176 


1,238 


2,535 


605 


1,907 


3,921 


116 


1,109 


2,176 


446 


994 


2,273 


134 


290 


644 


56 


207 


430 


19 


257 


995 


2.501 
11 


13,117 
154 


25.305 


72 


149 


650 


803 


4,267 


9,705 


148 


205 


688 


91 


77 


181 


68 


66 


655 


19 


175 


298 


28 


365 


1,281 


21 


248 


1,072 


44 


481 


1,745 


6 


149 


453 


17 


234 


639 


24 


117 


421 


17 


90 


113 


257 


592 


1.627 


1 


38 


161 


361 


2,273 


3.883 


7 


68 


229 


14 


182 


410 


4 


118 


506 


10 


173 


271 



KENTUCKY-Contiiiued 

Somerset 

Winchester 

LOUISUNA 

Alexandria 

Bastrop 
Baton Rouge 
Bogalusa 
Bossier City 



Lafayette 
Lake Charles 
Monroe 

Moigan City 
Natchitoches 
New Ibena 
New Orleans 
Pineville 

Ruston 
Shreveport 
Sulphur 
Tallulah 

West Monroe 

Westwego 

MAINE 

Auburn 

Augusta 

Bath 

Biddeford 

Brunswick 

Gorham 

Lewiston 

Orono 

Portland 

Presque Isle 

Sanford 

Scarborough 



52,899 
15,792 
224,667 
17,301 
52,137 

16,564 
11,349 
12,733 
21,074 
33,496 



16,612 
17,097 
33,496 
571,771 
12,190 

21,101 
199,664 
20,210 
10,151 
15,185 
12,802 



23,301 
21,873 
31,880 
10,298 
19,629 



13,029 
18,174 
11,467 



4,700 
845 
25,917 
1,249 
3,462 



26,038 
1,249 
3,476 



fable 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



MAINE— Contiiioed 



k)Uth Portland 

Vaterville 

Vestbrook 



Lberdeen 

Lnnapolis 

laltimore 

laltimore City Stale Police 

Abridge 

;umberland 

ireenbell 

lagerstown 

lyattsville 

Lockville 

alisbury 

'akoma Park (Montgomery County) ... 
'akoma Park (Prince Georges County) 



MASSACHUSETTS 



Lgawam . 
Lmesbury 



lubum . . . 
larastable . 
ledford ... 



lelmont 
leverly 
lillerica 



Indgewater 
Irockton ... 
Irookline .. 
lurlington . 
Cambridge . 



helmsford 
hicopee ... 



22,766 
17,880 
15,066 



11.693 
32,061 
797,429 



12,256 
44,117 
16,615 



17,686 
10,461 
26,472 
14,063 
33,452 
26,559 

48,614 
10,696 
14,940 
31,004 
13,157 

14.410 
26,272 
37,354 
36,986 
566,679 



36,507 
17,305 
93,682 
55,126 
23,664 
96,056 

18,275 
31,372 
25,605 



Crime 
Indei 
total 



Modified* 
Crime 
Index 
total 



negligent 
slaughter 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 





Crime 


Population 


Index 




total 


24,244 


1,401 


25,304 


1,311 


12,431 


577 


21,330 


1,046 


11,894 


420 


10,026 


303 


15,661 


291 


12,992 


288 


37,391 


1,578 


92,912 


5,886 


23,812 


1,415 


39,618 


1,991 


14,165 


460 


65,698 


3,164 


18,297 


720 


17,967 


385 


11,302 


209 


12,252 


104 


20,440 


948 


13,369 


155 


12,751 


190 


16,568 


577 


11,212 


530 


63,269 


4,131 


34,568 


2,002 


29,765 


908 


16,428 


744 


18,314 


633 


78,869 


8,333 


11,330 


271 


53,820 


1,671 


13,550 


407 


20,231 


423 


30,933 


561 


21,097 


1,504 


10,281 


336 


58,728 


2,372 


30,144 


946 


36,883 


1,647 


16,496 


746 


11,957 


232 


26,051 


862 


29,636 


742 


28,050 


781 


99,113 


6,270 


16,026 


864 


84,195 


3,749 


18,040 


987 


29,340 


1,338 


20,218 


419 


21,224 


1,049 



Modified* 
Crime 

total 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



MASSACHUSETTS-Contiiiiied 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Oties and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Modified* 
Crime 



Forcible 
rape 



MASSACHUSfTTS-Contiiiued 

Nonhboro 

Northbridge 

North Reading 

Oxford 

Pembroke 

Pittsfield 

Quincy 

Reading 

Salem 

Saugus 

Seekonk 

Sharon 

Shrewsbury 

Somerset 

Somerville 

Southbridge 

South Hadley 

Spencer 

Springfield 

Stoneham 

Stoughton 

Sudbury 

Swampscott 

Swansea 

Taunton 

Wakefield 

Walpole 

Wareham 

Walertown 

Webster 

Wellesley 

Westboro 

Westfield 

Westford 

Weston 

Westpon 

West Springfield 

Westwood 

Weymouth 

Wilbraham 

Wilmington 

Winthrop 

Wobum 

Yarmouth 

MICHIGAN 

Albion 

Allen Park 

Alpena 

Ann Arbor 



10,617 


347 


12,295 


192 


11,530 


460 


12,829 


497 


11,733 


509 


13,551 


537 


52,320 


2,825 


84,680 


4,591 


22,875 


522 


38,578 


1,307 


24,844 


1,732 


12,348 


603 


13,692 


517 


22,741 


653 


18,963 


457 


77,957 


3,637 


16,746 


236 


16,583 


349 


10.767 


127 


53,320 


14,442 


21,575 


541 


26,913 


605 


14,132 


523 


13,978 


549 


15,536 


777 


45,371 


2,535 


25,052 


827 


18,964 


743 


18,577 


1,672 


34,649 


2,098 


14,476 


425 


27,265 


788 


13,709 


510 


36,621 


1,244 


13,536 


494 


11,256 


382 


13,856 


563 


27,156 


2,152 


13,258 


475 


55,770 


1,975 


12,150 


350 


17,622 


967 


19,448 


311 


36,799 


1,383 


18,427 


1,730 


21,129 


1,570 


11,028 


791 


34,066 


1,675 


12,156 


640 


99,851 


8,414 



77 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 





Crime 


Population 


Index 




total 


35,405 


3,748 


20,529 


1,061 


41,499 


2,778 


10,101 


421 


14,614 


3,235 


22,229 


2,400 


18,603 


719 


14,314 


614 


21,601 


1,194 


19,576 


664 


42,666 


1,678 


12,665 


1,251 


29,933 


2,524 


10,151 


1,010 


48,493 


2,274 


18,178 


714 


15,046 


539 


72,025 


4,297 


13,406 


441 


90,323 


8,138 


67,481 


4,682 


1,193.805 


143,107 


10,848 


464 


48,037 


1,475 


14,401 


1,377 


11,046 


410 


14,317 


794 


11,003 


634 


57,752 


3,026 


26,125 


2,041 


159,107 


23.649 


35,293 


2.257 


14,508 


834 


35,562 


1,867 


24.328 


1,217 


11,825 


680 


181,068 


17,049 


12,381 


567 


10,785 


351 


10,525 


575 


13,617 


907 


18,839 


648 


11,246 


406 


10,368 


472 


21,161 


2,569 


16,521 


1,995 


20,858 


2,516 


27,673 


3,252 


26,056 


1,330 



Modified* 

Index 
touil 



and non- 
negligent 



Battle Creek 

Battle Creek Township . 
Bay City .. 
Bedford Township 
Benton Harbor 



Berkley ... 
Big Rapids 



Blackman Township 

Bloomfield Township 

Buena Vista Charter Township 

Burton 

Cadillac ... 
Canton Township 



Clinton Township 
Davidson Township 
Dearborn . 

Dearborn Heights 
Detroit .... 
East Grand Rapids 
East Lansing 

Emmett Township 
Escanaba .. 
Farmington 
Farmington Hills 
Femdale .. 

Fhnt 

Flint Township 

Eraser 

Garden aty 

Grand Blanc Township 

Grand Haven 

Grand Rapids 

Grandville 

Green Oak Township 

Grosse Pointe Farms 

Grosse Pointe Park 
Grosse Pointe Woods 
Hamburg Township 
Hampton Township 
Hamtramck 

Harper Woods 
Hazel Park 
Highland Park 
Holland ... 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Index 
total 



Modified* 
Cnme 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 



35,102 
39.618 
79,568 



3,192 
5,423 
8,814 



23,458 
18,755 
27.330 
23,590 
40,399 



2,384 
1,107 
6,360 



14,544 
14,508 
13,049 
13,133 
12,932 



70,587 
77,157 
38,568 
76,003 
14,380 



77,269 
11,134 
15,348 



3,672 
5,806 
2,172 



12.512 
76.046 
15,660 
38,103 
33,801 



968 
8,708 
1.019 
1,849 



38,826 
75,278 
31,920 
108,678 
22,049 



7,850 
2,051 
5,452 



7,873 
2.064 
5,533 



Table S.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Oties and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 





Crime 


Population 


Index 




total 


22,667 


945 


66,806 


3,653 


18,862 


325 


15,053 


927 


160,699 


12,095 


63,915 


4,659 


21,081 


1,859 


41,742 


1,675 


84,435 


5,081 


21.718 


1.029 


10,858 


672 


33,886 


1,834 


59,414 


3,385 


23,950 


2,217 


19,312 


840 


15,651 


929 


21,960 


567 


23,139 


1,103 


10,504 


1,155 


28,776 


2,031 


82,218 


4,405 


11,544 


844 


31,388 


1,943 


43,570 


2,492 


35,934 


2,261 


11,201 


554 


20,072 


1,186 


36,092 


2,303 


19.102 


790 


25,702 


1,193 


93,446 


5,612 


20,867 


890 


16,374 


692 


46,326 


1,815 


11,551 


391 


16,355 


793 


12,636 


549 


30,113 


1,596 


22,818 


1,166 


12,905 


448 


21,185 


691 


15,410 


1,151 


17,276 


955 


14,865 


596 


28,862 


2,255 


20.662 


516 


27,148 


1,694 


11,233 


410 


372,784 


38.215 


38,920 


1,775 


30,137 


1,335 


12,696 


601 


23,435 


832 


23,269 


709 



Modified' 
Index 



and non- 
negligent 



Aggra- 
vated 



MICHIGAN-Contiiiued 

Trenton 

Troy 

Van Buren Township 

Walker 

Warren 

Waterford Township 

Waj-ne 

West Bloomfield Township 

Westland 

White Lake Township 

Woodhaven 

Wyandotte 

Wyoming 

Ypsilanti 

MINNESOTA 

Albert Lea 

Anoka 

Apple Valley 

Austin 

Bemidji 

Bloomington 

Brainerd 

Brooklyn Center 

Brooklyn Park 

Bumsville 

Cloquet 

Columbia Heights 

Coon Rapids 

Cottage Grove 

Crystal 

Duluth 

Eagan 

Eden Prairie 

Edina 

Fairmont 

Faribault 

Fergus Falls 

Golden VaUey 

Hastings 

Hibbing 

Hopkins 

Inver Grove Heights 

LakevUle 

Mankato 

Maple Grove 

Maplewood 

Marshall 

Minneapolis 

Minnetonka 

Moorhead 

Mounds View 

New Brighton 

New Hope 



2,963 
1,015 
1.039 
3.072 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10.000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 





Crime 


Population 


Indes 




lolal 


13,856 


591 


12,M8 


474 


12,020 


731 


12,233 


555 


18,780 


668 


31,779 


1,377 


10.155 


372 


13,818 


590 


38,057 


1,461 


14,495 


795 


54,671 


2,837 


35,999 


2,407 


42,828 


2,806 


43,179 


2,326 


270,344 


22,799 


17,384 


620 


21,366 


828 


12,342 


595 


11,067 


579 


18,655 


1.132 


22,714 


1.072 


15,974 


669 


25,188 


1,719 


10,411 


457 


10,172 


287 


49,716 


3,114 


21,189 


1,262 


14,594 


556 


27,572 


2,299 


11,931 


638 


40,804 


4,031 


11.554 


511 


39.895 


3,882 


40.054 


2,360 


202,162 


18,583 


22,106 


2,255 


46,469 


2,493 


22,345 


2,027 


20,458 


600 


10,481 


661 


15,251 


576 


24,072 


1,485 


25,755 


1,316 


12,187 


768 


19,036 


768 


12,926 


369 


12,157 


455 


12,763 


633 


16,168 


1,225 1 



Murder 
negligent 
slaughter 



MDWESOTA-Codtiiiiied 

New Ulm 

Northfield 

North Saint Paul 

Oakdale 

Owatonna 

Plymouth 

Red Wing 

Richfield 

Robbinsdale 

Rochester 

Roseville 

Saint Cloud 

Saint Louis Park 

Saint Paul 

Shoreview 

South Saint Paul 

Stillwater 

Virginia 

West Samt Paul 

White Bear Uke 

Willmar 

Winona 

Woodbury 

Worthington 

MISSISSIPPI 

Biloxi 

Clarksdale 

Cleveland 

Columbus 

Connlh 

Greenvil le 

Grenada 

Gulfport 

Hatliesburg 

Meridian 

Natchez 

Pearl 

Picayune 

Starkville 

Tupelo 

Vicksburg 

Yazoo City 

MISSOURI 

Arnold 

Ballwin 

Bellefontaine Neighbors 

Belton 

Berkeley 



801 

2,859 
2.413 
2,818 
2,339 
23,026 

630 



3,915 
2,367 
18,700 



2,261 
1,437 
10,008 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Modified' 
Crime 

tolaJ 



Murder 
negligent 
slaughter 



MlSSOUW-Contiiiued 

Blue Springs 

Bndgeton 

Cape Girardeau 

Carthage 

Columbia 

Crestwood 

Creve Coeur 

Ejcelsior Springs 

Ferguson 

Florissant 

Fulton 

Gladstone 

Grandview 

Hannibal 

Hazelwood 

Independence 

Jefferson City 

Joplin 

Kansas City 

KirksvUle 

Kirkwood 

Lees Summit 

Liberty 

Maplewood 

MarshaU 

Mexico 

Moberly 

Overland 

Poplar Bluff 

Raytown 

Richmond Heights 

Rolla 

Saint Ann 

Saint Charles 

Saint Joseph 

Saint Louis 

Sedalia 

Sikeston 

Springfield 

University City 

Warrensburg 

Webster Groves 

MONTANA 



26,123 
18,550 
34,575 
11,192 
63,086 



12,081 
10,496 
24,790 
55,799 

11,126 
25,078 
24,703 
18,915 
13.008 

112,597 
34,022 
39,174 

450,211 
17,319 

28,175 
28,883 
16,391 
11,031 
12,895 



13,472 
15,653 
37,551 
77,128 

454,166 
21,133 
18,752 

134,016 
43,016 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Gties and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 





Crime 


Population 


Indej 




total 


12,970 


543 


21,841 


926 


17,451 


641 


24,164 


947 


33,416 


2,078 


23,197 


1,088 


21,312 


1,227 


173,175 


10,601 


19,421 


828 


24.664 


1,582 


322,883 


24,351 


14,245 


984 


10,165 


394 


25,803 


1,555 


406,915 


43,376 


45,144 


4,927 


106,579 


9,775 


43.200 


2,999 


13,316 


239 


14,826 


778 


30,885 


1,927 


19,124 


842 


22,650 


1,315 


10,841 


355 


11,173 


592 


11,515 


498 


10,617 


892 


14,219 


379 


21.755 


1,498 


15,848 


1,333 


11,338 


454 


13,756 


420 


92,324 


6,490 


15,704 


374 


68,989 


3,614 


26,665 


1,956 


21,952 


478 


24,517 


1,380 


10,544 


678 


17,304 


886 


16,808 


2,860 


38,545 


12,424 


65,503 


2,331 


35,610 


1,767 


13,862 


538 


25,790 


831 


12,657 


188 


23,266 


1,092 


13,101 


339 


48,195 


1,950 


10,295 


320 


54,157 


3,147 


18,915 


1,983 


28,589 


704 


10,342 


434 



Modified* 
Crime 
Indei 



and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Forcible 
rape 



Bellevue 

Columbus 

Fremont 

Grand Island 

Hastings 

Lincoln 

Norfolk 

North Platte 

Omaha 

Scottsbluff 

NEVADA 

Boulder City 

Henderson 

Las Vegas Metropolitan Police 

Department Jurisdiction 

North Las Vegas 

Reno 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

Berlin 

Claremont 

Concord 

Derry 

Dover 

Durham 

Exeter 

GofTstown 

Hampton 

Hudson 

Keene 

Lebanon 

Londonderry 

Manchester 

Merrimack 

Nashua 

Portsmouth 

Rochater 

Salem 

Somersworih 

NEW JERSEY 

\berdeen Township 

\sbury Park 
Atlantic City 
Bayonne 
Selleville 

3ellmawr 
3ergenfield 
Berkeley Heights 
3erkeley Township 
Bernards Township 

Bloomfield 
3ound Brook 
3rick Township 
Jridgeton 
Jridgewater Township 

Burlington 



43,843 
5,006 
9,841 



2,877 
12,562 
2,389 
1,767 



14,418 
1,741 
2,835 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Modified* 
Crime 



Murder 
negligent 
slaughter 



NEW 

Burlington Township 

Camden 

Carteret 

Cedar Grove Township 

Cherry HiU 

Cinnaminson Township 

Clark 

ClifTside Park 

Clifton 

Collingswood 

Cranford Township 

Delran Township 

Denville Township 

Deptford Township 

Dover 

Dover Township 

Dumont 

East Brunswick Township 

East Orange 

East Windsor Township 

Eatonlown 

Edison 

Egg Harbor Township 

Elizabeth 

Elmwood Park 

Englewood 

Evesham Township 

Ewing Township 

Fair Lawn 

Fairview 

Fort Lee 

Franklin Township (Gloucester County) 
Franklin Township (Somerset County) . 

Freehold Township 

Galloway Township 

Garfield 

Glassboro 

Glen Rock 

Gloucester City 

Gloucester Township 

Hackensack 

Haddonfield 

Haddon Township 

Hamilton 

Hammonton 

Hanover Township 

Harrison 

Hasbrouck Heights 

Hawthorne 

Hazlet Township 

Highland Park 

Hillsborough Township 

Hillsdale 



11,659 


605 


85,442 


13,427 


20,683 


806 


12,686 


354 


69,345 


5,312 


16,286 


658 


16,780 


467 


21,597 


517 


75,014 


3,630 


16,024 


860 


24,763 


782 


14,845 


599 


14,481 


565 


23,615 


2,108 


14,765 


680 


64,961 


4,349 


18,489 


557 


38,154 


1,999 


77,445 


8,794 


21,177 


913 


12,343 


927 


70,688 


3,529 


19,380 


1,799 


06,541 


9,337 


18,524 


916 


23,860 


2,229 


21,811 


871 


34,948 


1,788 


32,467 


1,353 


10,595 


547 


32,697 


1,915 


12,413 


756 


31,416 


1,641 


19,246 


783 


11,167 


690 


26.981 


882 


14,650 


1,131 


11,586 


240 


13,208 


531 


45,496 


2,143 


36,293 


2,647 


12,444 


408 



12,303 


633 


12,257 


515 


18,430 


752 


23,115 


974 


13,486 


596 


19,124 


541 


10,568 


369 



84 



Fable 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Modified* 
Crime 

total 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Forcible 
rape 



NEW JERSEY-CoDtinned 

Haiside Township 

fJoboken 

fjopatcong 

Hopewell Township 

rtowell Township 

[rvington 

[ackson Township 

lefTerson Township 

fersey City 

teansburg 

Seamy 

Lacey Township 

Lakewood 

Lawrence Township 

[.inden 

Lindenwold 

kittle Falls Township 

Jvingston 

Lodi 

Long Branch 

Lower Township 

-yndhurst Township 

Madison 

^ahwah Township 

Hanalapan Township 

vlanchester Township 

Vlanville 

ilaple Shade Township 

Haplewood Township 

kfarlbcro 

Bedford Township 

^etuchen 

Middlesex 

Middle Township 

^iddletown Township 

vlillbum Township 

*llville 

Monroe Township (Gloucester County) 
Honroe Township (Middlesex County) 
Vlontclair 

klonlville Township 

Woorestown Township 

Horristown 

Morris Township 

Vlount Holly 

Wount Laure) Township 

Wount Olive Township 

Veptune Township 

•Newark 

"^ew Brunswick 

Mew Milford 

'Jew Providence 



21,605 


1,691 


1,695 


42.723 


2,205 


2,208 


15,645 


639 


642 


10,873 


290 


291 


25,057 


1.237 


1,359 


61,984 


5,676 


5,719 


25,812 


2,257 


2,260 


16,478 


516 


522 


224,549 


19,925 


19,995 


10,700 


808 


835 


36.002 


1,957 


1,960 


14,237 


575 


580 


38.625 


2,722 


2,744 


19.761 


2,017 


2,026 


38,093 


1,983 


2,000 


18,323 


1,317 


1,327 


11,589 


588 


590 


28,283 


1,388 


1,388 


24,133 


1,374 


1,376 


29,112 


2,516 


2,565 


17,174 


917 


924 


20,471 


820 


821 


15,463 


476 


479 


12,227 


610 


623 


18,773 


576 


580 


27,127 


419 


426 


11,333 


394 


394 


20,598 


1,278 


1,282 


23,151 


1,128 


1,129 


17,059 


513 


521 


17,178 


685 


688 


13,861 


519 


520 


13,578 


640 


644 


11,493 


983 


987 


62,175 


2,071 


2,119 


19,702 


854 


857 


25,484 


1,534 


1,550 


21,741 


826 


845 


15,989 


384 


390 


38,608 


2,205 


2,211 


14,428 


554 


556 


15,733 


1,082 


1,086 


16,706 


1,701 


1,706 


18,607 


707 


709 


10,899 


512 


512 


17,703 


747 


753 


18,910 


832 


845 


27,786 


2,333 


2,355 


332,746 


40,986 


42,959 


41,553 


4,021 


4,029 


16,986 


321 


321 


12,522 


288 


291 



12 
2.180 



85 



Table S.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and 



Population, 1981— Continued 



Crime 
total 



Modified* 
Index 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



NEW JERSEY— Continned 

North Arlington 

North Bergen Township 

North Brunswick Township 

North Plainfield 

Nutley 

Oakland 

Ocean City 

Ocean Township 

Old Bridge 

Orange 

Palisades Park 

Paramus 

Parsippany-Troy Hills 

Passaic 

Paterson 

Pemberton Township 

Pennsauken 

Pennsville Township 

Pequannock Township 

Perth Amboy 

Phillipsburg 

Piscataway Township 

Plainfield 

Pleasantville 

Point Pleasant 

Pompton Lakes 

Princeton 

Princeton Township 

Ramsey 

Randolph Township 

Readington Township 

Red Bank 

Ridgefield 

Ridgefield Park 

Ridgewood 

Ringwood 

River Edge 

Rockaway Township 

Roselle 

RosellePark 

Roxbiu7 Township 

Rutherford 

Saddle Brook Township 

Sayreville 

Scotch Plains 

Secaucus 

Somers Point 

Somerville 

South Brunswick Township 

South Orange 

South Plainfield 

South River 

Sparta Township 

Springfield 

SufTord Township 



16,657 


601 


47,988 


3,342 


22,36« 


1.273 


19,218 


848 


29,148 


927 


13,533 


538 


14,066 


1,347 


23,658 


1,646 


51,919 


2,527 


31,355 


4,739 


13,822 


477 


26,689 


4,115 


50,233 


1,961 


52,679 


4,998 


139,130 


14,713 


29,884 


1,405 


34,021 


2,707 


13,991 


489 


13,869 


577 


38,873 


1,733 


16,792 


974 


42,460 


1,983 


45,765 


5,254 


13,509 


1.453 


17,871 


918 


10,746 


479 


12,083 


874 


13,792 


456 


26,852 


1,369 


13,003 


679 


17,952 


774 


10,847 


294 


11,985 


918 


10,375 


311 


12,840 


425 


25,378 


459 


12,729 


406 


11,189 


343 


20,027 


1,507 


20,843 


1,451 


13,470 


279 


19,025 


991 


19,163 


693 


14,172 


905 


29,987 


1,546 


20,918 


955 


13,787 


787 


10,398 


594 


12,072 


751 


17,261 


647 


15,972 


1,183 


20,681 


1,289 


14,470 


460 


13,510 


437 


14,039 


390 


10,305 


619 


21,243 


466 



Table 5. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981 — Continued 



Modified' 

Index 
lotaJ 



NEW JERSEY-Contiiined 

Teaneck Township 

Tenany 

Totowa 

Trenton 

Union City 

Union Township 

Ventnor City 

Vernon Township 

Vineland 

Voorhees Township 

Waldwick 

Walllngton 

Wall Township 

Wanaque 

Washington Township (Gloucester County) 
Washington Township (Morris County) ... 

Wayne Township 

Weehawken Township 

West CaldweU 

West Deptford Township 

Westfield 

West Milford Township 

West New York 

West Orange 

West Paterson 

Westwood 

WilUngboro Township 

Winslow Township 

Woodbndge Township 

Woodbury 

Wyckoff 

NEW MEXICO 

Alamogordo 

Albuquerque 

Carlsbad 

Clevis 

Deming 

Farmington 

Gallup 

Hobbs 

Las Cruces 

Los Alamos 

Lovington 

Ponales 

Roswell 

Santa Fe 

Silver City 

NEW YORK 

Amsterdam 

Auburn 



39,233 


2,187 


13,675 


380 


11,513 


778 


91,426 


9,793 


55,804 


4,173 


50,556 


2,794 


11,857 


661 


16,410 


783 


14.256 


394 


53,475 


5,364 


12,913 


1,269 


10,888 


271 


10,801 


530 


18,818 


791 


10,126 


411 


28,027 


830 


11,493 


352 


47,083 


3,228 


13,236 


993 


11,488 


394 


18,075 


1,004 


30,567 


1,193 


22,882 


1,070 


39,414 


2,143 


39,849 


1,602 


11,393 


553 


10,813 


355 


40,180 


1,799 


20,281 


945 


90,972 


5,367 


10,440 


870 


15,633 


421 



26,215 


1,710 


32,107 


1,643 


10,282 


747 


31,719 


3,753 


18,676 


3,043 


11,918 


962 


29,904 


2,185 


46,009 


3,823 


18,014 


565 


10,004 


546 


10,169 


528 


40,664 


2,412 


50,155 


4,523 


10,128 


649 


02,275 


5,921 


21,947 


462 



Table S.— Number of Offenses Known to the PoUce, aties and Towns 10,000 and 



in Population, 1981— Continued 



NEW yORK-Continiied 



Beacon . 
Bedford 



Blooming Grove Town 

Bnghlon 

Camjllufi 



Cicero Town 
Clarkslown 
Clay Town 
Cohoes 
Colome Town 

Coming 
Cortland 
Dewiit 
Dunkirk 

Eastchester 

East Fishkill 

East Gretnbush Town 

East Hampton Town 

Endicott 

Fishkill Town 
Floral Park 
Fredonia 
Freepon 
Fulton 

Garden City 
Gates 
Geddes Town 

Glen Cove 

Glens Falls 
Glenville Town 
Gloversville 
Greece 
Greenburgh 

Guilderland 
Hamburg Town 
Harrison Town 
Hempstead 



Irondequoit 

Ithaca 

Jamestown 



Indei 

total 



16,750 


1,032 


12,972 


671 


15,160 


542 


24,422 


567 


56,023 


2,811 


10,025 


164 


35,927 


1,577 


24,441 


512 


10,413 


460 


28,006 


927 


22,460 


190 


74,750 


2,541 


46,393 


851 


18,249 


703 


70,871 


2,581 


12,958 


452 


20,194 


1,230 


23,439 


1,317 


15,331 


659 


20,081 


341 


17,990 


285 


12,967 


453 


11,386 


850 


35,539 


2,645 


14,529 


632 


14,005 


170 


16,862 


431 


11,126 


380 


38,358 


2,986 


13,340 


773 


23,134 


965 


29,849 


1,551 


11,407 


251 


15,143 


677 


24,638 


938 


15,963 


783 


21,334 


341 


17,840 


1,143 


81,722 


2,984 


40,437 


2,408 


25,311 


530 


39,608 


1,805 


23,114 


697 


40,578 


4,234 


10,276 


522 


57,872 


2,423 


28,990 


2,019 


35,865 


2,313 



Modified- 

Index 
total 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 





Crime 


Population 


Index 




total 


17,200 


941 


12,490 


422 


24.549 


892 


24,981 


1,493 


34,192 


1,581 


20,602 


673 


12,402 


419 


17,588 


860 


12,902 


823 


21,562 


1,513 


23,850 


526 


66,352 


5,265 


23,231 


2,501 


22.826 


1,579 


15,435 


358 


19.267 


145 


10,186 


541 


70.871 


3.442 


19.609 


720 


7,070.429 


725.846 


17,553 


730 


10,483 


196 


35,895 


1,292 


14,742 


374 


12,434 


550 


18,279 


1.073 


10,833 


715 


14,884 


630 


36,931 


1.451 


20,329 


1.181 


19,835 


1.101 


18,338 


1.187 


21,179 


1.034 


23,589 


1,314 


14,533 


879 


10,729 


521 


29,825 


2,637 


38,779 


1,765 


19,065 


519 


52.864 


1,321 


20,506 


1,279 


242.744 


27,291 


25,511 


1,414 


43,950 


1,903 


29,592 


954 


15.130 


667 


24.020 


1,455 


14,071 


371 


17.713 


507 


68.216 


3,260 


33.990 


1,554 



Modified' 
Crime 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



Aggra- 



NEW YORK-Contiiiiied 

Johnson City 

Kent 

Kingston 

Long Beach 

Lynbrook 

Mamaroneck Town 

Mamaroneck Village 

Massena 

Middletown 

Mount Pleasant 

Mount Vernon 

Newburgh 

Newburgh Town 

New Castle 

New Hartford Town & Village 

New Paltz Town 

New Rochelle 

New Windsor Town 

New York 

Niskayuna Town 

North Greenbush Town 

North Tonawanda 

Ogden 

Ogdensburg 

Olean 

Oneida 

Oneonta 

Orangetown 

Ossining 

Oswego .V 

Peekskill 

Pittsburgh 

Port Chester 

Port Washington 

Potsdam 

Poughkeepsie 

Poughkeepsie Town 

Queensbury 

Ramapo Town 

Riverhead Town 

Rochester 

Rockville Centre 

Rotterdam 

Rye 

Saratoga Springs 

Saugerties Town 

Scarsdale 

Schenectady 

Southampton Town 



Table 5. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981 — Continued 





Crime 


Population 


Index 




total 


16,936 


555 


11,626 


56 


20,683 


1,950 


12,905 


487 


10,839 


494 


171,141 


14,445 


10,661 


458 


56,896 


3,270 


12,332 


455 


75,811 


2,774 


27,370 


512 


11,990 


249 


28,039 


1,554 


11,378 


439 


23,526 


895 


47,032 


3,396 


195,572 


11,219 


32,141 


1,333 


15,117 


894 


15,482 


663 


54,695 


3,709 


10,390 


330 


37,885 


2,078 


22,414 


714 


31,248 


2,142 


316,503 


29,646 


17,161 


947 


101,557 


10,746 


15,905 


857 


13,625 


499 


60,568 


7,051 


47,566 


5,389 


32,335 


2,247 


157,729 


12,014 


35,395 


2,577 


13,599 


1,222 


20,849 


1,840 


63,577 


4,919 


17,903 


2.469 


30,122 


1,111 


25,571 


1,950 


11,690 


902 


13,666 


1,104 


16,006 


1,157 


18,521 


1,579 


12,840 


831 


13,933 


818 



Modified' 

Index 
total 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



Aggra- 




vated 


Burglary 


assault 




, 


199 

5 

509 


68 


31 


209 


11 


122 


341 


4,957 


11 


157 


207 


1,271 


20 


185 


41 


1,232 


1 


127 


14 


74 


35 


421 


80 


78 


7 


258 


50 


657 


178 


3,391 


24 


378 


57 


245 


94 


217 


151 


726 


6 


84 


162 


481 


28 


95 


108 


496 


2,143 


8,587 


33 


245 


289 


2,764 


64 


256 


91 


80 


469 


1,797 


243 


1,211 


120 


446 


664 


2,952 


78 


750 


60 


303 


141 


401 


319 


1,285 


319 


493 


70 


259 


99 


474 


71 


252 


112 


240 


127 


321 


98 


601 


114 


236 


43 


170 



NEW YORK-Continoed 

Southold Town 

Southport 

Spring Valley 

Stony Point 

Suffem 

Syracuse 

Tarrytown 

Troy 

Ulster 

Utica 

Vestal 

Warwick Town 

Watertown 

Watervliet 

Webster 

White Plains 

Yonkers 

Yorktown 

NORTH CAROLINA 

Albemarle 

Asheboro 

Ashevilie 

Boone 

Burlington 

Cary 

Chapel Hill 

Charlotte 

Concord 

Durham 

Eden 

Elizabeth City 

Fayetteville 

Gastonia 

Goldsboro 

Greensboro 

Greenville 

Henderson 

Hickory 

High Point 

Jacksonville 

Kannapolis 

Kinston 

Laurinburg 

Lexington 

Luraberton 

Monroe 

Morganton 



29,806 
10,829 



90 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 





Crime 


PopuJation 


Index 




total 


14,812 


983 


151,155 


11.085 


12,667 


641 


14,821 


845 


42,336 


3.610 


23,073 


1.438 


15,061 


1,699 


15,580 


1.478 


18,909 


1,52! 


14,252 


1,041 


44,925 


5,363 


34.704 


3,149 


134,829 


12,611 


44,882 


2,526 


16,028 


1,019 


61,803 


3,413 


44,133 


2,404 


16,420 


1,081 


15,628 


745 


33,167 


1,561 


10,166 


428 


13,468 


554 


237,207 


18,525 


20,269 


660 


23.374 


1,740 


19.818 


920 


13.195 


269 


29.757 


1,964 


17,854 


273 


33,399 


1,150 


15,016 


586 


13,198 


641 


11,808 


514 


19,653 


880 


13,407 


700 


41,871 


1,987 


25,767 


1.207 


10,142 


170 


10,918 


170 


10,937 


299 


12,335 


625 


26,217 


1.179 


27,669 


474 


13,425 


813 


13,462 


706 


94,716 


6,263 


18,969 


614 


11,204 


211 


23,404 


2,283 


383.441 


36,815 



Ciime 
total 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



NORTH CAROLINA-Contiiiaed 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Index 
total 



Modified' 
Crime 

total 



Murder 
negligeal 
slaughter 



Aggra- 
vated 



OfflO— Continued 

Circleville 

Cleveland 

Cleveland Heights 

Colerain Township 

Columbus 

Conneaut 

Cuyahoga Falls 

Dayton 

Defiance 

Delaware 

Delhi Township 

Dover 

East Cleveland 

Eastlake 

East Liverpool 

Englewood 

Euclid 

Fairbom 

Fairfield 

Fairview Park 

Forest Park 

Franklin 

Fremont 

Gahanna 

Galion 

Garfield Heights 

Girard 

Greenville 

Grove City 

Hamilton 

Howland Township 

Huber Heights 

Ironton 

Jackson Township 

Kent 

Kettering 

Liberty Township 

Lorain 

Lyndhurst 

Madison Township (Montgomery County) 

Madison Township (Lake County) 

Mansfield 

Maple Heights 

Marietta 

Marion 

Massillon 

Maumee 

Mayfield Heights 

Mentor 



11,692 


819 


573,145 


60,721 


56,356 


2,794 


56,073 


349 


562,896 


55,293 


13,851 


533 


43,745 


1,825 


193,488 


27,053 


16,797 


1,091 


17,644 


1,235 


28,854 


576 


11,510 


436 


36,725 


3,140 


21,973 


652 


16,531 


1,136 


11.330 


653 


60,002 


2,267 


29.772 


1,656 


30,851 


1,802 


19,299 


477 


18,786 


635 


10,723 


876 


17,902 


878 


16,412 


838 


12,435 


584 


34,985 


1,188 


12.517 


417 


13,013 


862 


16.702 


742 


62,916 


7,336 


18,802 


530 


34,672 


1.806 


14,190 


1.019 


28,974 


1,718 


26,164 


1,153 


61,275 


3,101 


14,355 


692 


47,395 


5,268 


74,644 


1,978 


18,108 


350 


22,746 


1,890 


15,380 


616 


53,953 


5,328 


29,490 


966 


16,476 


682 


37,103 


2,537 


30.448 


1,683 


15.765 


777 


21.401 


906 


15.320 


736 


41,939 


1,826 



92 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Indei 
lotal 



Modified* 
Crime 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



OHIO— Continued 



15,340 
2.1,382 
16,242 
43,743 
15,103 

41.197 
16,935 
23,092 
14,201 



479 

2,262 
804 
1,464 



18,698 
16,365 
92,657 



10,099 
12,876 
13,626 
32,697 



17,673 
13,962 
25,743 
41,994 
72,325 

26,310 
25,321 
28,549 
17,539 
15,251 
19,584 
354.861 



1,476 
403 
620 

5,175 

899 
767 

1.175 
785 

1.220 
34,814 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Modified* 
total 



negligent 
slaughter 



Aggra- 
vated 



OHIO— Continued 

Union Township (Butler County) . . . 
Union Township (Clermont County) 
Upper Arlington 

Urbana 

Vandalia 

Van Wen 

Vermilion 

Wadsworth 

Warren 

Warrensville Heights 

Washington Court House 

West Carrolton 

Westerville 

Westlake 

Whitehall 

WicklifTe 

Willoughby 

Wooster 

Worthington 

Youngstown 

Zanesville 

OKLAHOMA 

Ada 

Altus 

Bartlesville 

Bethany 

Broken Arrow 

Chickasha 

Clareraore 

Del City 

Duncan 

Durant 

Edmond 

El Reno 

Enid 

Guthrie 

Lawton 

McAlester 

Miami 

Midwest City 

Muskogee 

Norman 

Oklahoma City 

Okmulgee 

Ponca City 

Sapulpa 

Shawnee 

Stillwater 



23,566 
28,241 
35,654 

10,783 
13,175 
11,031 



16,366 


1,161 


12,659 


718 


13,171 


1,074 


22,980 


896 


19.492 


547 


21,313 


1,927 


16.814 


523 


19,306 


712 


19,289 


1,176 


14,969 


681 


24,733 


1,337 


115,517 


9,724 


28.624 


1,958 


16,443 


754 


23,784 


764 


35,607 


1,591 


22,654 


1,026 


36,667 


1,151 


16,276 


1,333 


12,380 


453 


29,265 


1,284 


23,215 


1,370 


12,288 


775 


35,590 


1,592 


15,946 


1,086 


51,936 


3,293 


10,544 


703 


82,296 


5.510 


17,644 


835 


14,627 


781 


50,969 


3,346 


36,015 


1.498 


40,938 


3,314 


69,859 


3,684 


414,523 


35.128 


16,744 


975 


27,094 


1,335 


16,235 


667 


26,724 


1,741 


39,389 


1,053 



1,355 
10,028 
2,036 



1.515 
3,334 
3,691 
35,552 



Table 5. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981 — Continued 





Crime 


Population 


Indei 




total 


10,039 


465 


367,234 


30,257 


11,374 


598 


10,491 


667 


14,010 


702 


17,568 


601 


«. 


1.725 


14,828 


941 


10,136 


553 


32,395 


2,277 


17,512 


1,709 


14,644 


1,174 


41,414 


2.486 


106.137 


10,645 


11,667 


670 


15,196 


1,794 


33,170 


2,528 


31,095 


1,718 


16,879 


1,418 


11,531 


716 


21,414 


1,079 


10,561 


804 


14,241 


1,012 


40,059 


3,828 


18,084 


1,088 


10,496 


418 


14,846 


1,118 


14,722 


1,045 


369,518 


50.432 


16,766 


1.553 


90,408 


8.434 


41,718 


3,730 


10,953 


1.056 


12,137 


987 


10,770 


409 


11,330 


881 


58.943 


2,239 


16.841 


472 


104.155 


6,780 


14.565 


320 


24.593 


317 


12.534 


341 


10,158 


398 


52,387 


4,035 


11,821 


413 


34.882 


689 


70.647 


3,051 


12,140 


409 


11,809 


369 


11,259 


235 



Modified* 
Crime 
Index 
total 



and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



OKLAHOMA-Contiiiaed 

Tahlequah 

Village 

Warr Acres 

Woodward 

Yukon 

OREGON 

Ashland 

Beaverton 

Bend 

Coos Bay 

Corvallis 

Eugene 

Forest Grove 

Grants Pass 

Gresham 

Hillsboro 

Klamath Falls 

La Grande 

Lake Oswego 

Lebanon 

McMmnville 

Medford 

Milwaukie 

Newberg 

Oregon City 

Pendleton 

Portland 

Roseburg 

Springfield 

The Dalles 

West Linn 

Woodbum 

PENNSYLVANU 

Abington Township 

Aliquippa 

AUentown 

Aston Township 

Baldwm 

Beaver Falls 

Bellevue 

Bensalem Township 

Berwick 

Bethel Park 

Bethlehem 

Bethlehem Township 

Bloomsburg 

Bradford 



1,121 
1,055 
51.016 



2,470 


7,373 


220 


405 


413 


1,263 


690 


1.569 


474 


1,054 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Index 
total 



Modified* 
Index 



Murder 
negligent 
slaughter 



PENNSyLVANU-Conttaued 

Brentwood 

Bristol Township 

Bumham— Derry Township 

Butler 

Butler Township 

Canonsburg 

Carbondale 

Carlisle 

Carnegie 

Caslle Shannon 

Center Township 

Chambersburg 

Cheltenham Township 

Chester 

Clairton 

Coal 

Coalesville 

Columbia 

Connellsville 

Cranberry Township 

Cumru Township 

Darby 

Darby Township 

Derry Township 

Dormont 

Doylestown Township 

Dunmore 

East Hempfield Township 

East Norriton Township 

Easton 

East Pennsboro 
Elizabeth Tov 

EUwood City 

Emmaus 

Ephrata 

Erie 

Fairview Township . 

Falls Township 

Greensburg 

Grove City 

Hampden Township 
Hampton Township 

Hanover 

Hanover Township . 

Harrisburg 

Harrison Township . 
Hatfield Township .. 
Haverford Township 
Hazleton 

Hempfield Township 

Hermitage 

Hopewell Township 
Horsham Township 



58,636 


4,456 


10,948 


317 


17,021 


631 


18,697 


660 


10,500 


265 


11,295 


154 


18,412 


1,062 


10,920 


320 


10,083 


156 


10,774 


171 


16,168 


1,079 


35,540 


2,133 


45,859 


5,512 


12,114 


247 


10,999 


227 


10,723 


646 


10,487 


558 


10,342 


656 


11,087 


297 


11,482 


342 


11,530 


594 


12,322 


237 


18,071 


670 


11,336 


302 


11,830 


404 


16,873 


407 


10,133 


498 



16,327 


280 


10,017 


306 


11,030 


195 


11,114 


396 


19,364 


5,683 


12,011 


351 


36,170 


2,109 


17,604 


462 


11,613 


164 


16,648 


358 


14,300 


427 


14,926 


935 


12,527 


403 


53,292 


6,338 


13,287 


235 


13,467 


636 


52,511 


1,259 


27,134 


982 


43,483 


1,037 


16,440 


593 


14,694 


291 


16,033 


687 


16,040 


409 



96 



Tabic 5.-Number of Offenses Known to the PoUce, CiUes and Towns 10,000 and ove 


r in Population, 1981-Continued 






Cly by State 


Population 


Crime 
Indej 
total 


Modified' 
Crime 
Index 
total 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson* 


PENNSYLVANIA-Continued 
Jeannelte 


13.125 
35,536 
15,676 
54.816 
10,872 

16,419 
11,900 
10,849 
25,791 
12,204 

14,098 
13,289 
59,594 
12.520 

34.899 
18,724 
18,414 
26,011 
13,013 

23,729 
26,219 
51,121 
15,604 

10,245 
35,926 
44,309 
11,969 
31,013 
20,442 

12,156 
34,473 
13,056 
14,565 
16,109 

13,000 
12,785 
10,097 
33,538 
17,712 

11,809 
33,002 
27,457 
26,607 
31,585 

13.110 
13,914 
13,978 
57,856 


315 
1,700 

364 
4,094 

363 

819 
374 
337 
1,458 
391 

468 

158 

2,489 

322 

1,626 
648 
709 
876 
259 

630 
266 
1,784 
695 

318 
2,438 
1,229 

288 
1,432 

868 

120 
850 
472 
210 
380 

209 
396 
338 
1,482 
750 

388 
3,416 
678 
916 
669 

328 
441 
372 
1,150 


315 
1,719 

4,131 
364 

386 
341 
1,483 
400 

471 

158 

2,493 

322 

1,636 
653 
713 
879 
260 

644 
267 
1,800 
697 

318 
2,460 
1,243 

289 
1,436 

868 

125 
851 
476 
211 

387 

213 

338 
1,498 
751 

3,428 
684 
921 
678 

328 
♦42 
373 
1,166 




5 
9 


50 

9 

105 

6 

7 
2 
29 

7 
2 
73 

5 

22 

5 
7 

4 

3 

120 

7 

9 

28 
17 
10 
41 
12 

I 
10 

4 
4 

2 

1 
3 
3 

34 
30 

2 
107 

2 
12 
13 

11 

4 

1 
35 


18 

206 

8 

75 


130 
445 
95 
1,297 
98 

215 
101 

83 
342 

82 

81 
62 
789 
104 

341 

231 
160 
54 

206 

505 
135 

69 

521 
301 
95 
160 
176 

50 
249 
99 
75 
117 

66 
148 
120 
423 
196 

108 
1,215 
121 
218 
183 

70 
56 
442 


125 
895 
216 
2,350 
238 

531 
211 
224 
996 
267 

358 

85 

1,289 

189 

1,119 
447 
386 
657 
183 

341 
178 
911 
498 

204 
1,555 
793 
141 
749 
512 

58 
480 
310 

85 
224 

124 
220 
189 
847 
379 

246 
1,525 
510 

623 
377 

123 
338 
302 
484 


23 
93 

35 
257 
20 

37 
40 
23 
62 
24 

15 

9 

307 

21 

88 
22 
72 
41 
9 

72 
39 
150 

37 

12 
306 

68 

30 
469 

77 

7 
32 
38 
40 
20 

16 
20 
20 

128 

101 

27 
252 
34 
50 
56 

101 

22 

6 

161 






2 
2 




Kingston 






8 

1 

2 
3 




Lancaster Township 




Lansdale 




28 
12 
5 
24 

7 




Lansdowne 






Latrobe 






Ubanon 




5 
2 


* 


Logan Township 












Lower BurreU 








Lower Mcnon Township 

Lower Moreiand Township 


1 


6 


24 

3 

53 
6 

14 
9 
9 

5 
2 

89 
14 

17 
21 
47 
11 
11 
88 

4 
77 
19 

6 
17 

2 

6 

48 
42 

4 

286 

9 

11 
38 

2 
7 
19 


4 


Lower Panon Township 




3 


10 




1 




1 
2 

2 




Manheim Township 








' 




Marple Township 


' 


McCandless 








1 


8 
4 

7 
3 




Meadville 




Middletown 






Middlelown Township . 


2 
1 




Millcreeli Township 




Monessen 




MonroevUIe 


1 




Moon Township 


'• 


Mountaintop Regional 






Mount Lebanon 


1 

1 


j 






1 


Munhall 




MurrysvUle 






' 


Nanticoke 






4 


Nether Providence Township 




1 








New Castle 


2 






New Kensington 


2 




Newtown Township 


1 
3 
1 

1 
1 




Norristown 

Northampton Township 

Northern York Regional 

North Huntingdon Township 

North Versailles Township 


28 


12 
6 
5 
9 


OU City 


1 


^ 




Palmer Township 


' 


Penn Hills 


2 


7 





97 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Modified* 
Crime 

total 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



Aggra- 



PENNSVXVANIA-Contiiiiied 

Penn Township 

Petei^ Township 

Philadelphia 

Phoenuviile 

Pittsburgh 

Plains Township 

Plum 

Plymouth Township 

Pottstown 

Pottsville 

Radnor Township 

Reading 

Richland Township 

Ridley Township 

Ross Township 

Rostraver 

Salisbury Township 

Scott Township 

Scranton 

Shaler Township 

Shamokin 

Sharon 

South Fayette Township 

South Park Township 

South Whitehall Township 

Springetlsbury Township 

Springfield Township (Delaware County) 
Springfield Township 

(Montgomery County) 

Spring Garden Township 

Spring Township 

State College 

Sunbury 

Susquehanna Township 

Swatara Township 

Swissvale 

Towamenein Township 

Tredyffrin Township 

Uniontown 

Upper Allen Township 

Upper Chichester Township 

Upper Darby Township 

Upper Dublm Township 

Upper Merion Township 

Upper Moreland Township 

Upper Providence Township 

Upper Saint Clair Township 

Upper Southampton Township 

Uwehlan— Upper Uwehlan 

Warren 

Washington 

West Chester 

West Deer Township 

West Goshen Township 

West Manchester Township 



16,209 


142 


13,058 


223 


,686,834 


100,592 


14,174 


502 


425,632 


31,384 


11,178 


264 


25,465 


312 


17,121 


1,103 


22,783 


1,327 


18,870 


604 


27,614 


892 


78,648 


5,103 


14,132 


462 


33,838 


1,148 


35,202 


873 


11,514 


421 


12,297 


273 


20,476 


356 


87,672 


3,943 


33,819 


498 


10,391 


164 


19,100 


925 


13,114 


98 


13,578 


196 


15,921 


653 


19,700 


920 


25,429 


1,522 



17,213 
42,482 
12,297 
18,078 
18,788 



14,506 


660 


10,608 


94 


14,414 


490 


84,293 


3,729 


22,392 


563 


26,054 


1,289 


25.720 


998 


10,543 


233 


19,002 


142 


15,793 


321 


10,205 


139 


12,200 


453 


18,374 


1,070 


17,438 


1,377 


10,934 


275 


16,006 


623 


12,803 


846 



5,502 

36 

1,433 



Table S.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Crime 
Index 
total 



Modified* 



Murder 
negligent 
slaughter 



PENNSYLVANU-Contiiiued 

West MilTlin 

West Norriton Township 

Whitehall 

Whitehall Township 

Whitemarsh Township 

Whitpain Township 

Wilkes-Baire 

Wilkinsburg 

Williamspoil 

Yeadon 

York 

York Township 

RHODE ISLAND 

Harrington 

Bristol 

Bumllville 

Central Falls 

Coventry 

Cranston 

Cumberland 

East Greenwich 

East Providence 

Johnston 

Middletown 

Narragansett 

Newport 

North Kingstown 

North Providence 

Pawtucket 

Portsmouth 

Providence 

Smithfield 

South Kingstown 

Tiverton 

Warren 

Warwick 

Westerly 

West Warwick 

Woonsocket 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

Anderson 

Cayce 

iCharleston City 

Columbia 

Conway 

Easley 

Florence 

GafTney 

Georgetown 

'iGreenville 

l;Greenwood 

Greer 

Hanahan 



26,309 


815 


14.110 


621 


15,019 


214 


21,599 


965 


15,070 


565 


11,772 


464 


51,289 


1,793 


23,591 


1,673 


33,565 


2,219 


11,810 


438 


44,614 


4,078 



16,286 


419 


424 


20,297 


441 


441 


13,183 


294 


300 


17,011 


499 


499 


27,161 


1,573 


1,587 


72,405 


3,883 


3,913 


27,185 


1,150 


1.164 


10,275 


501 


501 


51,292 


2,166 


2.206 


24,997 


1.481 


1.511 


17,014 


1,155 


1.157 


17,363 


1,234 


1.239 


12,176 


600 


601 


29,457 


3,308 


3.339 


21,997 


1.091 


1.095 


29,406 


1.383 


1.388 


71,496 


3,754 


3.754 


14,349 


279 


279 


157,540 


15,548 


15.849 


16,979 


194 


199 


20,544 


853 


855 


13,572 


609 


611 


10,689 


355 


358 


87,632 


5,914 


6.025 


18,640 


614 


614 


27,151 


1,410 


1.424 


46,175 


2,174 


2,199 


15,266 


680 


685 


28,740 


2,406 


2.421 


12,537 


940 


943 


71,590 


6,787 


6.822 


100,318 


12,809 


12.843 


10,557 


842 


852 


14,820 


709 


713 


31.169 


3,127 


3.138 


13.646 


858 


860 


10.450 


1,098 


1.103 


60.116 


6,227 


6,261 


22.282 


1,314 


1.328 


10.752 


839 


844 


13,481 


632 


633 



1.342 
587 
3.878 
7,770 



99 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Modified* 

Index 
total 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



Aggra- 
vated 



SOUTH CAROLINA-Contiiiued 

Laurens 

Mount Pleasant 

Myrtle Beach 

Newberry 

North Augusta 

North Charleston 

Orangeburg 

Rock Hill 

Spartanburg 

Sumter 

Union 

West Columbia 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

Aberdeen 

Brookings 

Mitchell 

Pierre 

Rapid City 

SiouA Falls 

Vermillion 

Watertown 

TENNESSEE 

Athens 

Bartletl 

Bristol 

Chattanooga 

Clarksville 

Cleveland 

Columbia 

CookevUle 

Dyersburg 

Franklin 

Gallatin 

Germantown 

Greeneville 

Hendersonville 

Humboldt 

Johnson City 

Kingsport 

Knoxville 

Lawrenceburg 

Lebanon 

Maryville 

McMinnville 

Memphis 

Millington 

Morristown 

Murfreesboro 

Nashville 

Oak Ridge 

Paris 

Red Bank 

ShelbyvUle 

Spnngfield 

Union City 



15,M7 
36,125 
44,942 
25,505 



25,816 


1,532 


14,846 


586 


12,939 


402 


13,852 


578 


11,910 


675 


46,124 


4,173 


80,609 


4,328 


10,093 


299 


15,559 


562 



17,549 


341 


24,323 


1,078 


167,920 


13,555 


55,436 


2,548 


26,594 


1,732 


23,304 


1,243 


20,433 


898 


15,964 


908 


12,575 


542 


17,069 


817 


20,476 


526 


14,227 


524 


26,919 


649 


10,362 


515 


49,988 


4,998 


40,078 


2,504 


30,982 


2,053 


184,832 


12,527 


10,281 


413 



654,096 


53,325 


20,517 


507 


19,862 


1,053 


33,323 


1,976 


458,430 


33,604 


27,943 


1,467 


10,846 


543 


13,767 


338 


13,587 


304 


10,849 


764 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



Aggra- 




vated 


Burglary 


assault 




198 


1,269 


69 


378 


40 


195 


549 


2.903 


18 


50 


67 


106 


373 


2.508 


26 


206 


574 


7,875 


14 


204 


104 


268 


441 


1,126 


1,369 


4,399 


47 


219 


6 


175 


9 


255 


9 


123 


31 


164 


353 


409 


29 


130 


8 


68 


52 


195 


361 


2,099 


11 


283 


155 


1,037 


14 


78 


13 


142 


6 


29 


40 


737 


19 


96 


188 


841 


40 


254 


47 


257 


894 


6,982 


69 


430 


5,928 


34,159 


9 


182 


158 


403 


137 


457 


67 


863 


10 


185 


6 


163 


2 


39 


12 


405 


25 


246 


96 


342 


22 


128 


2.399 


7,140 


43 


167 


59 


437 


26 


484 


21 


220 


2.086 


14,276 


76 


294 


15 


144 


13 


198 


5 


105 


631 


1,860 



102,287 


5,687 


21,714 


1,522 


16,775 


870 


155,327 


9,751 


11,465 


204 


14,446 


476 


167,848 


11,541 


10,501 


713 


357,607 


30,867 


14,315 


634 


18.681 


1,076 


58,983 


4,613 


122,905 


13,242 


21,687 


1,101 


15,188 


505 


15,553 


710 


11,156 


402 


14,171 


557 


25,917 


1,908 


16,462 


544 


11,357 


324 


10,897 


699 


87,284 


7,501 


20,140 


1,112 


46,093 


3,366 


11,074 


305 


12,187 


689 


11,150 


125 


28,016 


2,370 


19,776 


790 


38,836 


2,229 


18,680 


1,043 


20,251 


909 


240,243 


21.215 


22,546 


1.546 


937,273 


111.582 


23,481 


342 


31.099 


1,441 


24,906 


1,643 


49,823 


3,766 


16,209 


659 


10,343 


284 


12,659 


249 


28,668 


1,383 


22,269 


1,145 


24,709 


1,338 


10,862 


451 


442,677 


29,275 


13,485 


651 


24.978 


1,814 


25.854 


1,799 


12.289 


512 


398,482 


47,153 


13,788 


1,100 


11,141 


371 


14,703 


515 


10,243 


290 


64,145 


6,204 



637 
2,476 
6,169 



101 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Modified* 

Index 
tola) 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



TEXAS-Contiiiaed 



44.479 


7,048 


74,289 


5.736 


12,221 


681 


22,794 


2,425 


17,656 


462 


30,202 


1,852 


44,969 


3,248 



32,748 


2,554 


114,135 


8,343 


12,632 


480 


15.988 


647 


11,711 


634 


48,052 


4,850 


29,942 


1,956 


19,890 


671 


15,901 


522 


12,275 


378 


14,981 


679 


14,434 


827 


95,026 


6,122 


17,182 


1,049 


14,458 


706 


25,142 


1,886 


63,062 


4,131 


181.364 


15.418 


29.707 


1.801 


25.746 


1,311 


67.570 


5,441 


16,631 


1,351 


12,367 


573 


69,720 


4,810 


73,194 


3,001 


15,108 


808 


23,303 


1,473 


26,369 


780 


11.246 


335 


28,222 


1,201 


17,530 


722 


23,138 


1,173 


29,140 


1,674 


93,505 


8,549 


24,380 


1,958 


16,552 


899 


22,298 


1,167 


26,177 


2,718 


116,504 


8,059 




5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Crime 
(olal 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



Aggra- 



theft 



TEXAS— Contiiiued 




12,855 


728 


13,374 


449 


22,048 


1.236 


23,010 


1.301 


74,935 


3,316 


71.457 


4.170 


12,503 


433 


11,363 


572 


14,483 


414 


75,327 


4,119 


10,111 


404 


12,483 


760 


14,825 


1.079 


12,112 


516 


76,162 


4.863 


820,591 


62,035 


18,604 


985 


24,100 


1,764 


18,607 


1,183 


31,592 


2,400 


13,195 


366 


13,726 


914 


12,300 


420 


13,337 


602 


12,743 


754 


10,898 


622 


44,259 


2,522 


13,994 


702 


32,289 


2.568 


42,144 


3.238 


12,087 


438 


72,886 


6,378 


11,196 


482 


22,337 


916 


14,857 


452 


13,238 


357 


52,797 


3.541 


12,299 


695 


17,754 


339 


105,449 


8.701 


10,735 


326 


15,223 


940 


12,533 


736 


19,854 


1.387 


12,467 


479 


13,974 


687 



12,550 


473 


34,273 


1,085 


16,184 


812 


14,543 


448 


18,641 


592 


10,189 


273 


23,490 


1.158 


27.926 


619 


10,642 


1.177 


26,401 


2,848 


66,974 


6,788 


54,534 


2,152 



103 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Modified* 
Indej 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



UTAH-Continued 



Pleasant Grove . 

Roy .... 
Saint George 
Sail Lake City 

Sandy .. 
South Ogden 
South Salt Lake 
Spanish Fork 
Springville 
Tooele . 

Wesi Jordan 
West Valley .... 



Brattleborc .... 
Colchester .... 
South BurlingU 



Alexandria 

Alexandria State Police 

Arlington 

Arlington Slate Police . 
Blacksburg 



Bristol State Police 

Charlottesville 

Charlottesville State Police 
Chesapeake 



Chesapeake State Police . . . 

Christiansburg 

Colonial Heights 

Colonial Heights State Polic 
Danville 



Danville State Police 

Fairfax City 

Fairfax City State Police . . . 

Fredericksburg 

Fredericksburg State Police 



From Royal 

Hampton 

Hampton Sute Police 
Harrisonburg 



Hemdon 

Hopewell 

Hopewell State Police . 

Lynchburg 

Lynchburg State Police 
Manassas 



Martinsville 

Martinsville State Police .... 

Newport News 

Newport News Sute Police 

Norfolk 

Norfolk State Police 

Petersburg 

Petersburg State Police 

Portsmouth 

Port.smoulh State Police .... 
Pulaski 



11,103 
76,913 
20.492 
11,775 
169,383 

52,597 



154,812 
31,318 



40,571 
115,938 



19,778 
15,513 



68,175 

15,722 



147,602 
267,868 



106,074 
10,290 



20,932 
2,743 



9,369 

17 

21,072 



858 


3,057 


156 


474 


238 


1,071 


3.042 
4,793 


4,868 

10 

12.656 

34 


834 


2.775 
25 


1,420 


3.855 
13 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



VIRGCMIA-CoDtinued 



Crime 
total 



Modified* 

Index 
total 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Pulaski State Police ... 

Radford 

Radford State Police .. 

Richmond 

Richmond State Police 
Roanoke 



13,479 
223,658 



24,766 

73 

9.842 



Roanoke State Police 

Salem 

Salem State Police ... 

Staunton 

Staunton State Police 



24,435 
22,197 



Suffolk 

Suffolk State Police 

Virginia Beach 

Virginia Beach State Police , 

Waynesboro 

Waynesboro State Police .... 

Williamsburg 

Williamsburg State Police ... 

Winchester 

Winchester State Police 



15,529 
10,090 



17 

795 

15,337 



Aberdeen . 
Auburn . . . 
Bellevue .. 
Bellingham 
Bremerton 

Centralia .. 
Edmonds .. 
EUensburg 
Everett .... 
Kelso 



19,205 
26,419 
75,494 
46,845 
36,676 

11,260 



2,573 
5,510 
4,127 
2,945 



3,507 
2,848 
2,085 



Kennewick 

Kern 

Kirkland 

Lacey 

Lynnwood 

Mercer Island 

Moses Lake — . . . . 
Mountlake Terrace 
Mount Vernon 



34,420 
23,742 
19,057 
14,256 



3,041 
2,040 



Oak Harbor 

Olympia 

Pasco 

Port Angeles 
Pullman 



12,573 
28,122 
17,423 
18,014 
24,338 



Puyallup ... 
Redmond ... 

Renton 

Richland 

Seattle 

Spokane 

Tacoma 

Walla Walla 
Wenatchee .. 



18,603 
23,689 
30,606 
34,316 
503,697 

175,095 
161,894 
43,508 
26,166 
17,679 



15,698 
16,193 
2,942 
2,459 
2,002 



15,798 
16,399 
2,968 
2,463 
2,009 



2,759 
1,030 
32,835 



50,663 



105 



Table 5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Modified* 
Crime 
Index 



Murder 
uid non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



Aggra- 



WESr VIRGINU 

Beckley 

Bluefield 

Charleston 

Clarksburg 

Fairmont 

Huntington 

Martinsburg 

Morgantown 

Moundsville 

Parkersburg 

Saint Albans 

South Charleston 

Weirton 

Wheeling 

WISCONSIN 

Appleton 

Ashwavbenon Village 

Beaver Dam 

Beloit 

Brookfield 

Brown Deer 

Caledonia 

Chippewa Falls 

De Pere 

Eau Claire 

Fitchburg 

Fond du Lac 

Franklin 

Germantown 

Glendale 

Green Bay 

Greendale 

Greenfield 

Janesville 

Kaukauna 

Kenosha 

La Crosse 

Madison 

Manitowoc 

Marinette 

Marshfield 

Menasha 

Menasha Town 

Menomonee Falls 

Menomonie 

Mequon 

Middleton 

Milwaukee 

Monroe 

Mount Pleasant 

Muskego 

Neenah 

New Berlin 

Oak Creek 

Oshkosh 



21,260 
16,048 
62,916 
22,354 
24,131 

64,292 
13,212 
28,228 
12,535 
39,816 



59,465 
14,581 
14,305 
35,339 
34,448 
13,090 

21,161 
12,422 
19,766 
15,229 
52,170 

12,063 
36,278 
17,060 
10,856 
14,026 

89,020 
17,118 
31,827 
51,601 
11,456 

78,776 
48,791 
171,746 
32,932 
12,114 



641,715 
10,142 
19,584 

15,480 
22,683 
30,890 
17,106 
50,223 



3,746 

14.898 

2,083 

738 



6,460 
3,769 
14,97 



4.140 
3,085 
10,471 



106 



5.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Cities and Towns 10,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Modified* 
Cnrae 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



vehicle 
theft 



WISCONSIN-Continned 



86,201 


7,566 


10,089 


383 


48,718 


3,242 


14,520 


762 


21,358 


1,024 


23,233 


1,358 


12,889 


532 


29,973 


2,321 


13,505 


590 


18,302 


1,000 


50,346 


1,644 


30.826 


1,531 


51,906 


2,841 


64,651 


3,920 


21,691 


1,153 


11,488 


512 


15,128 


531 


11,633 


377 


18,233 


1.059 


53.196 


3,520 


49,527 


3,046 


12,721 


1.229 


13,413 


476 


25,535 


1,009 


12,049 


933 


10,039 


671 


20,369 


2,239 


15,880 


716 



107 



Table 6.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Universities and Colleges, 1981 

•Arson is shown only if 12 months of arson data were received. Leaders (...) indicate zero data. 



Student 
enroll- 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



Aggra- 
assault 



ALABAMA 

Auburn University 

Troy State University 

University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa . . 

AR17X)NA 

Arizona Slate University 

Arizona Western College 

Central Arizona College 

Eastern Arizona College 

Northern Arizona University 

Pima Community College 

University of Arizona 

Yavapai College 

ARKANSAS 

University of Arkansas 

University of Arkansas 

Medical Science 

CALIFORNM 

California Stale College: 

Bakersfield 

San Bernardino 

Stanislaus 

California State Polytechnic 
University: 

Pomona 

San Luis Obispo 

California State University: 

Chico 

Dominguez Hills 

Fresno 

Fullerton 

Haywaid 

Long Beach 

Los Angeles 

Northridge 

Sacramento 

San Diego 

San Francisco 

Humboldt Stale University 

Sonoma Stale University 

University of California: 

Berkeley 

Davis 

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory . 
Lawrence Livermore Laboratory 

Los Angeles 

Riverside 

Sacramento Medical Center 

San Diego 

San Francisco Medical Center .. 

Santa Barbara 

Santa Cruz 



able 6.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Universities and Colleges, 1981 — Continued 



Violent' 
total 



Murder 
negligent 
slaughter 



Forcible 
rape 



Property' 
crime 
total 



COLORADO 

Jams State College 

•apahoe Community College . . . 

jlorado Sute University 

liversity of Colorado 

Boulder 

Colorado Springs 

liversity of Southern Colorado 

CONNECTICUT 

intral Connecticut State College 
stem Connecticut Stale College 

liversity of Connecticut 

liversity of Connecticut Health 
Center 

FLORIDA 

3rida A & M University 

orida Atlantic University 

arida International Univeisity .. 

ordia Slate University 

liversity of Central Rorida 

liversity of Florida 

liversity of North Florida 

liversity of South Florida 

liversity of West Florida 

GEORGIA 

xjrgia Southern College 

»rgia State University 

liversity of Georgia 

est Georgia College 

ILLINOIS 

Kit Hawk College 

licago State University 

stem Illinois University 

inois Stale University 

lyola University, Chicago 

araine Valley Community 

College 

5rton College 

mheastem Illinois State 

College 

irthem Illinois University 

ick Valley College 

ngamon Stale University 

utJiem Illinois University; 

Carbondale 

Edwardsville 

lomlon Community College ... 

iton College 

liversity of Illinois: 

Urbana 

estem Illinois University 



109 



Table 6. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Universities and Colleges, 1981 — Continued 



Violent' 
total 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Property' 
total 



Indi: 

Bloomington 

Gary 

Indianapolis 

New Albany 

IOWA 

Iowa State University 

University of Iowa 

University of Northern Iowa, 
Cedar Falls 

KANSAS 

Fort Hays State University ... 
Kansas State University, 

Manhattan 

Kansas University Medical 

Pittsburg Stale University 

University of Kansas 

Wichita State University 

KENTUCKY 

Murray State University 

Northern Kentucky University 

University of Kentucky 

University of Louisville 

Western Kentucky University . 

LOUISIANA 

Louisiana State University .... 

McNeese University 

Southeastern Louisiana 

University 

MAINE 

University of Maine: 

Orono 

Portland-GorhaiD 

MARYLAND 

Bowie Stale College 

Coppin State College 

Frostburg State College 

Morgan State University 

Saint Mary's College 

Salisbury State College 

Towson State University 

University of Baltimore 

University of Maryland: 

Baltimore City 

Baltimore County 

College Park 

Eastern Shore 



rable 6. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Universities and Colleges, 1981 — Continued 



University/College 



Student 
enroll- 



Violent' 
cnme 
total 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



MASSACHUSETTS 

lesion College 

loston University 

lorth Adams Slate College 

lortheasteni University 

"ufts University 

Jniversity of Massachusetts: 

Amherst 

Harbor Campus-Boston 

Worcester 

MICHIGAN 

Central Michigan University 

)elta College 

AStem Michigan University 

erris State College 

Irand Valley State College 

arising Community College 

lichigan State University 

lichigan Technological University 
lonhem Michigan University .... 

laldand University 

aginaw Valley State College .... 
i/estem Michigan University 

MINNESOTA 

Jniversity of Minnesota 

MISSISSIPPI 

feissippi State University 

Jniversity of Mississippi 

MISSOURI 

Iniversity of Missouri 

Iniversity of Missouri, 

aint Louis 

Washington University, 

NEBRASKA 

Iniversity of Nebraska 

NEVADA 
Iniversity of Nevada-Reno 



Table 6. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Universities and Colleges, 1981 — Continued 



and non- 
negligent 



Aggra- 
vated 



NEW JERSEY 

Brookdale College 

Burlington County College 

Glassboro State College 

Kean College 

Middlesex County College 

Monmouth College 

Moniclair State College 

Rutgers University: 

Camden 

Newark 

New Brunswick 

Stockton State College 

Trenton State College 

William Paterson College 

NEW MEXICO 

New Mexico State University ... 

NEW YORK 

Cornell University 

llhaca College 

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute .. 
Stale Umversity of New York; 

Albany 

Binghamton 

Buffalo 

Downstate Medical Center .. 

Maritime College 

Stony Brook 

Upstate Medical Center 

State University of New York 
Agricultural & Technical College: 

Alfred 

Canton 

Cobleskill 

Delhi 

Fanningdale 

Morrisville 

State University of New York 
College: 

Amherst 

Brockport 

Buffalo 

Coriland 

Environmental Science and 

Forestry 

Fredonia 

Geneseo 

New Paltz 

Old Westbury 

Oneonta 

Optometry 

Oswego 

Plattsburgh 

Potsdam 

Purchase 

Utica-Rome 



Table 6.— Number of Offenses Known to the PoUce, Universities and CoUeges, 1981— Continued 














Student 
emoll- 


Violent' 
crime 
total 


Violent Crime 


Property' 
crime 
total 


Property Crime 


University/College 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson* 


NORTH CAROLINA 




8 
28 

25 
10 

2 

26 

2 
5 
7 
28 
4 
3 

9 

28 
78 










231 
546 
1,244 

862 
251 
155 

373 
109 
740 
618 
2,530 
425 
274 

60 

83 
562 
807 

80 

594 

137 
8 

90 

95 
167 
258 
257 

62 
160 

42 
101 

72 
169 

32 
95 
46 
14 
1,081 
95 
157 
421 

264 

425 
929 

178 
201 
245 


2 

74 
147 

64 
35 
49 

22 
41 
23 
50 
483 
2 
12 

6 

25 
62 
207 

5 

43 

3 
3 

18 
3 

15 

35 
8 
1 
5 

15 
3 


228 
467 
1.076 

775 
214 
104 

313 
66 
708 
567 
2,009 
420 
259 

50 

490 
569 

74 

544 

131 
3 
71 
90 
149 
223 
248 
60 
153 
26 
97 
71 
121 

30 
53 
40 
14 
1,006 
87 
146 
322 

143 

369 
794 

119 
184 
223 


1 
5 
21 

23 
2 

38 

38 

3 
3 

10 
31 

7 

3 

2 
1 

2 
3 








1 

1 

1 


2 


6 

25 

24 
4 




North Carolina State University— Raleigh 












Charlotte 




6 




Western Carolira University 




2 




OHIO 

Qeveland State Utuver^ity 


19 

2 
1 
I 
17 


7 

6 
8 

4 
2 

9 
1 
25 
67 










' 










Miami Umversily 








Ohio State University * 




3 


^ 






^ 


Youngstown Suie University 
OKLAHOMA 






1 




Northeastern State College 










Oklahoma State Umversity 


1 




2 
3 






8 




University of Oklahoma Health 

Science Center 




OREGON 


7 
2 




2 
1 




5 




PENNSYLVANIA 

Bloomsburg State College 








California Stale College 






Cheyney State College 


30 
6 

5 

12 
9 




2 


1 

1 

! 

2 


27 
5 
3 

11 




Clarion State College 







East Stroudsburg State College 




> 




Edinboro State Colleee 




Ddiana University of Pennsylvania ^ ^ 




' 


1 

2 

3 


4 


Kutztown State College 


, 


Uhigh Umversity 


8 




4 




4 




Lincohi University 








Lock Haven State College 


2 

2 








1 
1 
2 

1 




Mansfield State College 






I 




Millersville State CoUege 






45 

42 
6 




Pennsylvania State University: 

Altoona Campus 










Behrend College 


1 










apitol Campus 








7 
2 
4 
3 

10 
26 

3 
6 
6 




McKeesport Campus 


19 

'5 
20 

6 

14 

24 












Umversily Park 




5 


5 


9 


68 
6 
7 

96 

112 

46 
109 

56 
11 
16 




Shippensburg State College 






Slippery Rock State College 








5 

6 

13 

12 

1 
8 
7 




West Chester State College 




2 






RHODE ISLAND 

University of Rhode Island 






SOUTH CAROLINA 

:iemson Umversity 




2 






Jniversity of South Carolina 




10 




TENNESSEE 

Austin Peay State University 






ast Tennessee State University 

fliddle Tennessee Sute University 


8 1 


1 




1 




1 





113 



Table 6. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Universities and Colleges, 1981 — Continued 



ViolenI Crime 



Murder 
negligent 



Aggra- 
valed 



TENNESSEE-Cootinued 

University of Tennessee: 

Knoxville 

Martin 

Memphis 

TEXAS 

Angelo State University 

Baylor University 

Eastfield College 

El Paso Community College 

Lamar University 

Midwestern State University 

North Texas State University 

Pan American University 

Richland College 

Southern Methodist University 

Southwest Texas State University ... 
Stephen F. Austin State University . . 

Sul Ross State University 

Texas A & M University 

Texas A & M University, Galveston 

Texas Arts & Industries 

Texas Christian University 

Texas State Tech Institute 

Texas Tech University 

Texas Woman's University 

University of Houston 

Clear Lake City 

Downtown Campus 

University of Texas: 

Arlington 

Austin 

Dallas 

El Paso 

Galveston 

Houston 

Permian Basin 

San Antonio 

University of Texas Health 

Science Center, San Antonio 

University of Texas Southwest 
Medical School 

UTAH 

Brigham Young University 

University of Utah 

Utah Technical College: 

Weber State College 

VIHGINM 

College of William and Mary; 

Christopher Newport 

Williamsburg 

George Mason University 

James Madison University 

Longwood College 

Mary Washington College 

Radford University 

Thomas Nelson Community College 

University of Richmond 

University of Virginia 

Virginia Commonwealth University . . 
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and 

State University 



ble 6.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Universities and Colleges, 1981 — Continued 



Violent' 
tola! 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



Aggra- 
vated 



Motor 
vehicle 
theft 



WASHINGTON 



State 



itral Washingto 

College 

versity of Washington . . . 
shington State University 



WEST VIRGINIA 



icord College 

nville State College 

rshall University 

St Liberty State College . 
St Virginia State College 
St Virginia University , . . , 



versity of Wisconsin: 

Eau Claire 

Green Bav 
Madison 



Milwaukee 
Oshkosh 
Parkside 
River Falls 
Whitewater 



«rsity ol Wyoming 



'At the time this document went to press, the latest college and university enrollment figures available from the National Center for Education Statistics, Department of Edu 
e 1980 data. 

'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 

'Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, and motor vehicle theft. Data are not included for the property crime of arson. 

NOTE: Caution should be exercised in making any inter-campus comparisons or ranking schools, as university/college crime statistics are affected by a variety of factors 
ude: demographic characteristics of the surrounding community, ratio of male to female students, number of on-campus residents, accessibility of outside visitors, size of enrolime 



115 



Table 7. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Suburban Counties, 1981 

nths of arson data were received. Leaders (. 



•Arson is shown only if 12 
offenses, including arson. 



County by State 



Modified* 
Crime 

total 



Murder 
ind non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Forcible 



data. The Modified Crime Index total is the 



Aggra- 
vated 



Colbert 
Elmore 
Etowah 
Jefferson 
Lauderdale 

Madison 

Marshall 

Mobile 

Montgomery 

Russell 

Saint Clair 

Shelby 

Tusc aloosa 

Walker 



ARKANSAS 



Benton 

Crittenden 

Jefferson 

Miller 

Puiaski 

Saline 

Sebastian 

Washington 

CALIFORNIA 

Alameda 

Alameda Highway Patrol 

Alameda State Police 

Butte 

Butte Highway Patrol 

Butte State Police 

Contra Costa 

Contra Costa Highway Patrol 
Contra Costa State Police 

Fresno Highway Patrol 

Fresno State Police 

Kern 

Kern Highway Patrol 

Kern State Police 

Los Angeles 

Los Angeles Highway Patrol , 
Los Angeles State Police 

Marin Highway Patrol 

Monterey 

Monterey Highway Patrol ... 

Napa 

Napa Highway Patrol 

Orange Highway Patrol 

Orange State Police 

Placer 

Placer Highway Patrol 

Riverside 

Riverside Highway Patrol .... 

Riverside State Police 

Sacramento 

Sacramento Highway Patrol 



155 
3,938 



3,732 

183 

1,242 



3,843 
23,346 



116 



ible 7.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Suburban Counties, 1981— Continued 



County by State 



Crime 
Index 

total 



Modified* 

Index 
total 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



Forcible 



Aggra- 
assault 



Motor 

vehicle 

theft 



CALIFORNIA— Condnued 

crainento State Police 

n Bernardino 

n Bernardino Highway Patrol . 
n Bernardino State Police . . . . 

n Diego 

n Diego Highway Patrol 

n Diego State Police 

n Francisco Highway Patrol . 

n Francisco State Police 

n Joaquin 

n Joaquin Highway Patrol . . . 

n Joaquin State Police 

n Mateo 

n Mateo Highway Patrol 

n Mateo State Police 

nta Barbara 

nta Barbara Highway Patrol . 

nta Clara 

nta Clara Highway Patrol .... 

nta Clara Stale Police 

nta Cruz 

nta Cruz Highway Patrol 

asta Highway Patrol 

asta State Police 

lano 

lano Highway Patrol 

noma 

noma Highway Patrol 

mislays Highway Patrol 

tier Highway Patrol 

ilare 

ilare Highway Patrol 

:ntura Highway Patrol 

.lo 

ilo Highway Patrol 

lie State Police 

iba 

iba Highway Patrol 

COLORADO 

lams 

apahoe 

)Uglas 

Paso 

Terson 

eblo '.... 

Uer 

dd 

DELAWARE 

w Castle Police Department . 
|w Castle State Police 

FLORIDA 

ichua 

cer 

'■■f 

;>vard 

i'lward 

■ y 

:de 

: ambia 

r^sborough 



78 


78 


18,601 


18.950 


145 




59 


59 


25 




348 


348 


7,166 


7,268 


476 




60 


62 


6,107 


6,132 


46 




8 


8 


6,036 


6,070 


288 




5,600 


5,665 


63 




41 


41 


3,675 


3,695 


295 




2,790 


2,804 


50 




41 


41 


891 


943 


62 




5,422 


5,471 


455 




4,817 


4,891 


225 




1,369 


1,378 


71 




5,262 


5,572 


354 




2,768 




88 




3,710 


3,758 


36 




7 


7 


2,229 


2,258 



5,553 
3,474 
1,411 

581 
2.461 

198 
4,812 
1,956 

790 

179 
1,628 



2,487 

201 

4,861 



1,129 


1,134 


7.270 


7,333 


20.759 


20,808 


1,721 


1,730 


80,245 


80,609 


13,867 


13,972 


24,475 


24,648 


4.611 


4,616 







496 


992 
2 










25 
145 


53 
338 






268 


266 






56 


361 


159 


448 
2 






59 


166 


24 


149 


15 


1 
113 


103 


214 


100 


299 

1 


12 


137 


113 


500 


43 


188 
4 


136 


298 






19 


310 



1,143 

32 

1,703 



562 
3,952 
9.474 
1.082 

36,931 
7,347 

12,366 
2,175 



117 



Table 7.— Number of Offenses Known to the 


Police. Suburban Counties, 1981— 


Continued 












County by State 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Modified* 
Crime 
Index 
total 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 
man- 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson* 






slaughter 
















FLORIDA-Continued 






















Leon 


2,560 


2,569 


4 


23 


52 


211 


1,031 


1.125 


114 




Manatee 


5,843 


5,871 


4 


54 


98 


440 


1,773 


3.231 


243 




Marion 


4,586 


4,610 


7 


43 


63 


363 


1,675 


2.241 


194 






787 


792 




7 


11 


41 


284 


416 


28 




Okaloosa 


1,995 


2,007 


5 


18 


33 


44 


685 


1.097 


113 




Orange 


25,751 


25,889 


32 


216 


825 


1,910 


9,181 


12.333 


1,254 




Osceola 


2,366 


2,388 


3 


13 


39 


90 


1,223 


905 


93 




Palm Beach 


17,434 


17,522 


26 


117 


272 


1,283 


4,906 


9.652 


1,178 




Pasco 


6,547 


6,602 


11 


30 


98 


546 


2,128 


3,496 


238 




Pinellas 


10,892 


10,952 


1! 


95 


148 


793 


3,712 


5,550 


583 




Folk 


12,689 


12,798 


23 


138 


241 


1,688 


3,535 


6,533 


531 




Saint Johns 


2,131 


2,145 


4 


18 


40 


175 


645 


1,148 


101 




Santa Rosa 


1,900 


1,949 


3 


24 


24 


115 


578 


1,048 


108 




Sarasota 


7,026 




7 


38 


58 


197 


2.120 


4,343 


263 




Seminole 


5,805 




5 


40 


107 


197 


2,383 


2.880 


193 




Volusia 


4,310 


4,341 


14 


61 


86 


228 


1,902 


1.821 


198 




Wakulla 


178 


178 





2 


1 


55 


42 


68 


10 




GEORGIA 






















Bibb 


1,013 






10 


32 


40 


384 


485 


60 




Bryan 


123 






I 


4 


11 


43 


52 


11 




Butts 


94 












52 


34 


2 




Catoosa 


864 






9 


14 


14 


327 


430 


69 




C hatham 


2,515 


2,552 




37 


38 


195 


738 


1,373 


127 




Cherokee 


1,125 






12 


11 


46 


449 


506 


96 




CUrke Police Department 


1,826 






13 


25 


52 


569 


1,045 


117 




Clayton 


7 












1 


5 






Clayton Police Department 


7,028 






50 


130 


189 


2,177 


4,031 


442 




Cobb Police Department 


11,096 






38 


146 


301 


3,090 


6,549 


971 






827 

26,055 

67 


834 
26.191 


28 


4 
176 


14 
795 


31 
396 

2 


295 

8.568 

33 


448 

14,278 

28 


34 

1,814 

3 




De Kalb 




Dougherty 




555 






8 


7 


12 


190 


316 


20 




Douglas 


1,685 






21 


28 


126 


565 


805 


137 






252 








1 


11 


139 


88 


12 




Fulton Police Department 


6,581 




18 


37 


249 


150 


2.143 


3,395 


589 




Gwinnett Police Department 


6,812 


6,845 




28 


121 


248 


2.361 


3.527 


518 




Henry Police Department 


897 






7 


19 


15 


363 


433 


58 




Houston 


502 






4 


3 


34 


135 


276 


47 




Jackson 


462 
322 
137 
254 
75 






7 
4 


9 
5 
2 
1 
1 


15 

2 
14 


206 
177 

50 
110 

26 


171 

72 
115 
43 


56 
21 

14 
3 




Jones 




Lee 




Madison 












Paulding 


543 


547 




] 


3 


21 


213 


253 


48 




Richmond 


7,232 
1,431 
923 
368 




20 


63 

7 
7 


235 
35 
12 


237 
97 
27 


2,444 
374 
463 
145 


3.821 
844 
397 
216 


412 
73 
12 
5 




Rockdale 




Walker 




Walton 




IDAHO 






















Ada 


1,960 


1,995 


1 


18 


17 


145 


693 


1.018 


68 




ILLINOIS 






















Boone 


533 


536 




8 


1 


4 


237 


262 


21 




Champaign 


1,283 


1,291 


1 


22 


10 


63 


432 


699 


56 




Clinton 


62 










1 


40 


16 


5 




Cook 


5,875 


5,921 




37 


77 


235 


1,893 


3.050 


577 




Du Page 


3,719 


3,779 




14 


41 


174 


1,351 


1.842 


292 




Henry 
Kane 


360 






1 




1 


111 


230 


16 




2,037 


2,078 




10 


14 


156 


959 


806 


90 




Kankakee 


1,171 


1,189 




7 


18 


47 


608 


435 


53 




Lake 


3,984 


4,050 




16 


46 


149 


1.670 


1.745 


357 




McHenry 


2,196 


2,202 




6 


9 


57 


788 


1.219 


115 




Macon 


1,026 






2 


8 


51 


457 


478 


29 




Madibon 


2.564 


2,586 




13 


37 


67 


963 


1.322 


161 




Menard 


131 
86 










4 
5 


58 
50 


67 


2 
3 




Monroe 




1 





'able 7. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Suburban Counties, 1981 — Continued 



Crime 
Index 
total 



Modified* 
Crime 

total 



Forcible 
rape 



Motor 
vehicle 
theft 



2,087 

387 

3,513 

3.916 




119 



Table 7. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Suburban Counties, 1981 — Continued 



Forcible 



KENTUCKY 

Boone Police Department 

Boone Sute Police 

Bullitt 

Bullitt State Police 

Campbell Police Department 

Campbell State Police 

Clark 

Clark State Police 

Daviess 

Daviess State Police 

Greenup 

Greenup State Police 

Henderson 

Henderson State Police 

Jessamine State Police 

Kenton Police Department 

Kenton State Police 

Scott 

Scott State Police 

Woodford Police Department .... 
Woodford State Police 

LOUISIANA 

Ascension 

Bossier 

Caddo 

Calcasieu 

East Baton Rouge 

Grant 

Jefferson 

Lafayette 

Ouachita 

Rapides 

Webster 

West Baton Rouge 

MAINE 

Androscoggin 

Androscoggin State Police 

Cumberland 

Cumberland State Police 

MARYLAND 

Allegany 

Allegany County Investigator — 

Allegany State Police 

Anne Arundel Police Department 

Anne Arundel State Police 

Baltimore 

Baltimore State Police 

Carroll 

Carroll State Police 

Cecil 

Cecil State Police 

Charles 

Charles State Police 

Harford 

Harford State Police 

Howard 

Howard State Police 

Montgomery 

Montgomery State Police 



15,636 
2,003 
45,522 



2,481 

902 

2,334 



407 


1,173 


1,826 


458 


2,260 


3,190 


26 


90 


71 


273 


6,181 


13,228 


199 


285 


228 


166 


529 


1,242 


99 


515 


725 



1,524 

153 

6,775 



120 



able 7.-Niunber of Offenses Known to the 


Police, Suburban Counties, I98I— Continued 












County by State 


Cnme 
Index 
total 


Modified* 
Crime 
Index 
total 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson* 


MARYLAND-Continued 






















rince Georges Police Department .. 


43.228 


43.566 


58 


371 


3,345 


1,797 


12,036 


21,747 


3,874 


338 


rince Georges Sute Police 


901 

776 
874 


901 

776 
925 




2 
6 
6 


26 
9 

7 


84 
18 

78 


144 
213 
263 


513 

508 
481 


132 

22 
37 




Washington 


2 








ashington State Police 






51 


MASSACHUSETTS 






















erkshire State Police 


344 
156 
39 
161 


349 
156 
39 
169 








9 
9 
17 
6 
3 
30 
10 
8 
II 
52 


225 

7 


98 
41 
8 


12 
87 
11 
14 
7 
13 
65 
64 
91 
39 




ristol Sute Police 


6 
1 






ssex Stale Police 






ampden State Police 




88 
89 

2 
8 
I 
66 


8 


ampshire State Police 


144 
48 
91 
95 
391 
236 


48 
91 
95 

236 




2 




43 
4 
9 

13 
282 

56 


iddlesex State Police 




10 




orfolk State Police 




2 
1 










ymouth Slate Police 




ffolk State Police 


4 




orcesler Slate Police 


13 




MICHIGAN 






irry 


632 


644 


1 


4 




25 


209 


379 


10 


12 


irry State Police 


446 


460 




9 




26 

37 
71 


159 
156 
357 
346 
493 


224 
542 
864 
775 
922 


25 
43 
85 
40 
86 


14 


y ■■ 


789 


797 








y State Police 


1,406 


1,431 




12 




8 
25 
18 
22 




1,282 


1.300 




8 




rrien State Police 


1,730 


1.752 


1 


44 




147 


ilhoun 


657 


675 


2 


2 




35 


209 


372 


33 


18 


alhoun State Police 


788 


796 


1 


15 




34 


258 


409 


46 


8 


inton 


420 


423 




9 




8 


112 


264 


22 




inton State Police 


96 


98 




1 




3 


27 


59 


5 


2 
3 


iton 


2,084 


2.087 




9 




44 


376 


1,570 


66 


ton Slate Police 


363 


372 




3 




15 


91 


216 


33 


9 


enesee 


1,122 


1.128 




6 




79 


374 


576 


58 


6 


enesec Stale Police 


1,690 


1,786 




48 




99 


577 


812 


112 


96 


gham 


1,754 


1,768 




11 




82 


384 


1,185 


83 




gham Slate Police 


473 


522 








15 


66 


330 


47 


49 


nia . 


368 


375 




3 




21 


78 


237 


17 




nia State Police 


707 


718 


1 


7 




80 


210 


369 


38 


II 


ckson 


1,477 


1,482 








85 
186 


404 
290 


899 
480 


62 
60 


5 
29 


:kson Slate Police 


1,066 


1,095 


4 


24 




Uamazoo 


2,238 


2,250 




20 






470 

33 

1,031 


1,579 

59 

2,396 


68 

4 

139 


12 


lamazoo State Police 


108 
3,699 


121 

3,723 




2 
43 




7 
63 


nt 


1 


nl Slate Police 


891 


904 


1 


8 




32 


260 


538 


37 


13 


peer 


1,051 


1,061 








32 


297 
139 


669 

237 


44 
30 


10 
13 


peer Sute Police 


439 


452 


2 


13 




vingston 


1,230 


1,255 




8 




32 
56 


487 
412 


643 
570 


54 
85 


25 
14 


vingston State Police 


1,154 


1,168 


1 


9 




acomb 


2,760 


2,787 


8 


12 




100 


755 


1,661 


209 


27 
19 


acomb State Police 


1,026 


1,045 




14 




46 


267 


605 


82 


Dnrop 


2,501 


2,540 


2 






83 




1,427 
607 


200 
100 


39 
19 


onroe State Police 


1,286 


1.305 


2 


11 




58 


477 


uskegon 


2,005 
297 


2.005 
302 


■» 


18 
3 




99 
31 


520 


1,288 
145 

3,837 
389 
150 
109 

1,194 
184 

1,055 


67 
21 
298 
68 
14 
10 
59 
17 
86 




askegon State Police 




ikland 

kland Slate Police 


6,510 

774 


6,664 
801 


5 


30 
38 




145 
53 
11 


2,153 
206 
107 
107 
458 
121 
424 


154 
27 
4 




284 


288 








eana Slate Police 


248 


249 




II 




7 


tawa 


1,788 


1,798 




12 






10 
5 
26 


tawa State Police 


350 


355 








12 
43 


ginaw 


1,632 


1,658 


1 


11 




Sinaw, Stale Police 


1,297 


1,329 


3 


15 




141 


404 


648 


54 


32 


nt Clair 


1,941 


1,999 


2 


11 




41 


634 


1,158 


84 


58 


nt Clair Slate Police 


878 


909 








57 
24 


331 
265 
147 


422 
415 
313 


49 
23 


31 
14 




738 


752 




6 




awaisee State Police 


527 


532 




15 




23 



121 



Table 7. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Suburban Counties, 1981 — Continued 



County by State 



Crime 
total 



Modified* 
Crime 

total 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



Forcible 
rape 



MICHIGAN— Continued 















Washtenaw 




3,892 


Washtenaw SUte Police 


1.716 








MINNESOTA 










Benton 




232 


Carver 




261 


Chisago 




1.275 


Clay 




283 


Dakou 




297 


Hennepin 




192 


Olmsted 




530 


Polk 




212 


Ramsey 




268 


Saint Louis 




1.384 


Scott 




340 


Sherburne 




389 


Steams 




982 


Washington 




1.132 


Wright 


MISSISSIPPI 


1.434 






421 






Hinds 


656 




MISSOURI 




Andrew . . 




163 


Buchanan 




302 


Cass 




429 


Clay 




293 


Franklin 




1.105 


Greene 




1.061 


Jasper 




664 


Newton 




556 


Platte 




351 


Ray 




193 


Saint Charles 


2.398 


Saint Louis 


Police Department 
NEBRASKA 


17.429 


Dakou ... 




156 






Lancaster 


595 


Sarpy 


954 




NEVADA 




Washoe 




2 402 




NEW JERSEY 




Atlantic State Police 


751 


Bergen Sta 
Burlington 






State Police 


1,289 


Camden Sute Police 


66 


Cumberland Sute Police 


1.268 








Gloucester 


State Police 


26 


Hudson State Police 


28 


Mercer State Police 


403 



485 


6 


660 


5 


302 




431 




1.137 


1 


1.063 


2 




2 


567 


3 


198 


1 


17.615 


12 


157 






3 






958 




762 


7 


544 




1,295 


2 


66 


1 


1,281 


4 






26 




28 




404 


2 



"!• — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Suburban Counties, 1981 — Continued 



Modified* 
Crime 
Index 
total 



6,627 


6,707 


1,059 




309 


322 


230 




38,346 


38.582 



Forcible 
rape 



123 



Table 7.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Suburban Counties, 1981— Continued 












County by State 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Modified* 
Crime 
Index 
total 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson 


NORTH CAROLINA 






















Alamance 


1,226 




7 


11 


11 


37 


471 


622 


67 




Alexander 


405 






3 


6 


10 


174 


183 


27 




Brunswick 


436 






4 


10 


98 


131 


142 


50 




Buncombe 


1,620 






10 


13 


66 


493 


916 


115 




Cabarrus 


1,081 






4 


6 


54 


394 


596 


24 




Catawba 


1,397 






6 


8 


318 


452 


533 


76 




Cumberland 


7,912 


8,079 


10 


63 


135 


516 


3.206 


3,426 


556 




Currituck 


222 






3 


3 


1 


103 


100 


9 




Davidson 


1,958 






2 


23 


89 


801 


932 


108 




Durham 


1.680 






11 


11 


53 


709 


826 


69 




Forsyth 


2,281 


2,394 




14 


28 


118 


800 


1,165 


151 




Gaston 


2,920 




10 


15 


44 


180 


991 


1,539 


141 




Guilford 


3,347 






18 


70 


335 


1,261 


1,499 


158 




Mecklenburg 


3,137 


3,180 




19 


29 


171 


1,303 


1,475 


133 




New Hanover 


2,790 






13 


36 


254 


946 


1,390 


146 




Onslow 


2,221 






18 


72 


135 


727 


1,121 


145 




Orange 


652 






11 


8 


32 


252 


327 


21 




Randolph 


1,260 






6 


14 


39 


549 


575 


70 




Rowan 


907 






3 


11 


72 


318 


450 


52 




Stokes 


453 








2 


13 


178 


233 


26 




Union 


1,002 






8 


8 


117 


335 


486 


45 




Wake 


3,618 






31 


47 


133 


1,373 


1.840 


189 




Yadkin 


367 






2 


2 


14 


136 


198 


14 




NORTH DAKOTA 






















Burleigh 

Cass 


102 


102 




1 


1 


2 


24 


69 


5 




349 
162 


349 
163 




5 


1 


19 
3 


89 
55 


207 
99 


28 
4 




Grand Forks 


1 




Morton 


98 


99 




2 




2 


30 


59 


5 




OHIO 






















Allen 


2,235, 


2,249 


1 


9 


40 


51 


501 


1,540 


93 




Auglaize 
Butler 


501 


503 




3 


1 


16 


210 


260 


11 




1,785 


1,808 


2 


5 


14 


139 


601 


914 


110 




Clark 


1,861 


1,874 


1 


1 


18 


5 


489 


1,294 


53 




Clermont 


1,523 


1,538 


7 


8 


6 


12 


571 


782 


137 




Cuyahoga 


9 






2 




5 




1 






Delaware 


506 
4,084 


4,101 




10 
46 


8 
208 




1,174 


333 
2,358 


13 
215 




Frankhn 


7 


76 




Fulton 


531 


540 






3 


19 


193 


297 


19 




Geauga 


578 


585 




2 


4 


49 


221 


268 


34 




Greene 


609 


610 


1 


9 


8 


39 


177 


351 


24 




Hamilton 


7,914 


7,967 


3 


30 


187 


241 


1.857 


5,193 


403 




Lake 


784 






7 


6 


1 


240 


487 


43 




Licking 


1,458 


1,466 


1 


9 


15 


76 


549 


725 


83 




Lorain 


1,652 


1,662 


1 


13 


46 


223 


801 


473 


95 




Lucas 


1,896 


1,921 


2 


14 


18 


136 


784 


868 


74 




Mahoning 


635 


636 




2 


7 


103 


199 


238 


86 




Medina 


1,119 


1,131 


3 




13 


121 


436 


443 


99 




Montgomery 


6.082 


6,150 


7 


44 


284 


160 


2,223 


3,056 


308 




Ottawa 


952 


955 


3 


3 


1 


76 


324 


512 


33 




Pickaway 


1,185 


1.197 


1 


7 


17 


145 


384 


600 


31 




Portage 


2,783 


2.837 


3 


18 


27 


198 


897 


1.471 


169 




Putnam 


189 


191 








1 


91 


93 


3 




Richland 


1,984 


1.991 


1 


5 


19 


76 


733 


1,061 


89 




Stark 


3,079 


3.109 


3 


19 


55 


22 


1.222 


1,520 


238 




Trumbull 


1,505 




2 


5 


22 


62 


507 


757 


150 




Van Wert 


341 
2,095 




1 

1 




1 
38 


14 
73 


114 
606 


203 
1.255 


ul 




Warren 


9 




Washington 


813 


824 


1 


6 




20 


303 


447 


32 


1 


OKLAHOMA 




















1 


Canadian 


246 


254 




2 


2 




96 


123 


20 


1 


Cleveland 


289 
362 




I 
2 


7 
8 




19 
61 


129 
103 


121 
160 


12 
24 




Comanche 


4 




Creek 


776 


778 


5 


5 


6 




338 


319 


94 




Le Flore 


149 
167 


150 
168 








'J 


60 
92 


64 
53 


11 
18 




McClain 




2 





Fable 7.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Suburban Counties, 1981— Continued 



County by State 



OKLAHOMA— Continued 

Jklahoma 

)sage 

'ottawatomie 

logers 

Jequoyah 

fulsa 

Vagoner 

OREGON 

;iackamas 

:iackamas State Police 

ackson 

ackson State Police 

ane 

ane State Police 

larion Sljte Police 

Iultni')mah 

lultndmah State Police 

oik 

oik Stale Police 

/ashington 

Washington State Police 



PENNSYLVANIA 



dams State Police 

llegheny 

llegheny Police Department . . . 

llegheny State Police 

eaver State Police 

erks State Police 

lair State Police 

licks State Police 

imbria State Police 

irbon State Police 

5ntre State Police 

hester Detective 

bester State Police 

amberland State Police 

auphin State Police 

elaware Criminal Investigation 

Division 

elaware State Police 

le Stale Police 

ickawanna State Police 

incaster Slate Police 

:high State Police 

izeme State Police 

'coming State Police 

ercer State Police 

onroe State Police 

ontgomery Detective 

antgomery Stale Police 

)rthamplon State Police 

rry State Police 

iladelphia State Police 

mersel Stale Police 

squehanna State Police 

ashington State Police 

sstmoreland Detective 

stmoreland State Police 

Tk State Police 

RHODE ISLAND 

wport State Police 

Jvidence State Police 

ishington Sute Police 



Index 
total 



8.243 
292 
1,873 



Modified* 
Crime 

total 



negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



361 




1,882 




190 




3,406 


2 


619 




4.062 


6 


612 


1 


14,352 


3 










18 




5.298 


4 


311 




627 


4 


1,351 








304 


2 


841 


3 


598 


1 


640 


2 


316 


3 


454 


1 


953 




30 


2 


2,828 


5 


687 


3 


903 


1 


1,384 


2 


1,711 


2 


266 


3 


1,297 


1 


895 


1 


961 


5 


1,374 


1 






1.267 


6 


13 




683 


2 






752 


2 


47 


1 


577 


1 


438 


2 


1.062 


2 


75 




2.353 


4 


1.143 


2 








1 



Forcible 
rape 



4.305 
118 

1.172 
100 

1.920 
313 

2.248 




125 



Table 7.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Suburban Counties, 1981— Continued 



County by State 


Crime 
Inde- 
total 


Modined* 
Crime 
Index 
total 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson* 


SOUTH CAROLINA 






















Aiken 


2,966 


3,003 


,, 


40 


44 


487 


1,097 


1,108 


179 


37 


Anderson 


3,945 


4,042 


12 


22 


44 


216 


1,425 


1.988 


238 


97 


Berkeley 


1,483 


1,502 


6 


10 


17 


94 


638 


631 


87 


19 


Charleston Police Department 


7,783 


7,825 


5 


51 


200 


766 


2,567 


3,726 


468 


42 


Dorchester 


1,582 


1.593 


3 


6 


28 


133 


588 


709 


115 


11 


Florence 


2.214 


2,235 


5 


23 


44 


191 


796 


1,011 


144 


21 


Greenville 


10,378 


10.569 


22 


83 


214 


963 


3,564 


4,927 


605 


191 


Lexington 


4,849 


4,882 


7 


41 


50 


481 


1,443 


2,540 


287 


33 


Pickens 


1,033 


1,049 


1 


7 


6 


111 


365 


510 


33 


16 


Richland 


8,343 


8,389 


20 


94 


282 


674 


2,480 


4,119 


674 


46 


Spartanburg 


6,717 


6,793 


13 


42 


110 


400 


2,117 


3,604 


431 


76 


York 


2,812 


2,841 


4 


17 


43 


263 


1,015 


1,337 


133 


29 


SOUTH DAKOTA 






















Minnehaha 


600 


607 


1 


3 


2 


15 


187 


354 


38 


7 


TENNESSEE 






















A d 


527 
305 


540 


3 
2 


3 


15 

2 


6 


237 
170 


219 
44 


44 
75 


13 


Blount 




Cheatham 


414 


415 






3 


36 


215 


134 


26 




Dickson 


184 


185 


1 


4 


2 


4 


87 


73 


13 




Hamilton 


1,605 




2 


11 


30 


88 


595 


764 


115 




Knox 


3,701 


3,715 


9 


29 


81 


130 


1,820 


1,188 


444 


H 


Marion 


288 


299 




1 


7 


42 


144 


49 


45 


1 


Montgomery 
Robertson 


730 






8 


16 


27 


311 


322 


46 




502 


513 




3 


5 


21 


187 


262 


24 




Rutherford 


912 






7 


10 


61 


417 


373 


44 




Shelby 


2,798 


2,834 


4 


34 


52 


282 


993 


1,241 


192 


3f 


Sumner 


722 


730 


2 


6 


11 


66 


316 


278 


43 


i 


1 ipton 
Unicoi 


125 


125 








5 


59 


60 








144 


1 


2 


2 


5 


57 


66 


8 




Washington 


769 


772 


3 


6 


5 


34 


298 


367 


56 




Williamson 


478 


486 




1 


7 


16 


231 


199 


24 




TEXAS 






















Bell 


871 


886 




11 


16 


87 


262 


419 


75 


15 


Bexar 


4,603 


4,642 


14 


43 


66 


184 


2.038 


2,025 


233 


3S 


Bowie 


465 


476 




10 


6 


47 


150 


213 


38 


1 


Brazona 


1,416 


1,427 


11 


17 


19 


70 


570 


603 


126 


1 


Brazos 


429 


429 




3 


4 


16 


159 


218 


26 




Callahan 


122 


122 








9 


41 


65 


6 






1.182 


1,189 




8 


6 


203 


608 


284 


71 


7 


Collin 


672 


673 






9 


47 


322 


256 


27 




Comal 


303 
102 


304 
102 




2 


' 


2 
2 


118 
39 


167 
57 


13 
3 




Coryell 






Dallas 


1,245 


1.304 




12 


26 


69 


513 


495 


126 


59 


Denton 


777 






7 


12 


59 


348 


274 


75 




Ector 


1,840 


1.857 


11 


15 


25 


90 


633 


836 


230 


17 


Elhs 


618 


627 




6 


15 


76 


269 


220 


28 


9 


El Paso 


1,102 


1.106 




26 


18 


133 


387 


438 


99 


4 


Fort Bend 


1,862 


1.872 


10 


11 


23 


104 


837 


753 


124 


10 


Galveston 


1,504 






21 


15 


123 


501 


675 


166 




Grayson 


938 


941 




6 


8 


45 


436 


394 


48 


3 


Gregg 


794 






9 


11 


79 


276 


350 


64 




Guadalupe 


209 


212 






2 




109 


87 




3 


Hardin 


273 


273 




4 


3 


12 


133 


101 


l'z| 




Harris 


25,087 




75 


212 


814 


1,087 


10.288 


8,023 


4,588 




Harrison 


661 


664 




5 


12 


25 


276 


302 


40 


3 


Hays 


345 


347 




1 


4 


10 


173 


144 


12 


2 


Hidalgo 


1,801 


1,806 


18 


23 


13 


126 


962 


587 


72 


5 


Hood 


316 


318 




2 


5 


11 


119 


163 


15 


2 


JefTcrson 


855 


861 




6 


20 


40 


290 


435 


61 


6 


Johnson 


722 






8 


9 


36 


316 


293 


59 




Jones 


89 


89 






1 


4 


29 


49 


3 




Kaufman 


181 


181 




1 


^ 


3 


113 


48 


9 




Liberty 


485 






10 


7 


55 


208 


152 


48 





126 



Fable 7. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Suburban Counties, 1981 — Continued 



County by State 



Index 
total 



Modified* 
Crime 

total 



negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Forcible 



Aggra- 
assault 



TEXAS — Continued 











Vlidland 


847 


Montgomery 


3.124 




735 




825 


Parker 


712 


Potter 


233 


Randall 


197 


Rockwall 


114 


San Patricio 


477 




1,367 


Farrant 


1.378 








293 


Fravis 


2.938 










IVichita 


204 








424 


UTAH 








Salt Lake 


15.100 








475 


Weber 


622 


VIRGINIA 








Albemarble State Police 


43 


Amherst 


742 


Amherst State Police 


23 


Appomattox . 


202 


Appomattox State Police 


12 


Jotetourt .... 


438 


iotetourt State Police 


26 


Campbell ... 


541 


Campbell State Police 


60 


Charles City 


32 


Charles City State Police 


36 


rhesterfield Police Department 


6.231 


Chesterfield State Police 


83 


Craig 


15 


Craig State Police 


4 


Jinwiddie ... 


337 


Dinwiddle State Police 


30 


"airfax Police Department 


26.708 


-airfax State Police 


132 


^uvanna .... 


124 


Huvanna State Police 


1 


Gloucester .. 


416 


Gloucester State Police 


16 


Goochland .. 


209 


Goochland State Police 


25 


Greene 


106 


Greene State Police 


13 


lanover 


1,244 


ianover State Police 


137 


Hennco Police Department 


11.301 


lennco State Police 


74 


ames City . . 


696 


'ames City Slate Police 


21 


.oudoun ..,, 


1.620 


^udoun Stale Police 


43 


'ittsylvania . . 


1.296 


'ittsylvania State Police 


37 


'owhatan ... 


114 


'owhatan State Police 


8 






Prince George State Police 


7 



Table 7. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Suburban Counties, 1981 — Continued 



Crime 
Index 
total 



Modified* 
Crime 
Index 
total 



negligent 
slaughter 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
assault 



VIRGINIA— Continued 

Prince William Police Department 

Prince William State Police 

Roanoke 

Roanoke State Police 

Scott 

Scott State Police 

Washington 

Washington State Police 

York 

York State Police 

WASHINGTON 

Benton 

Clark 

Franklin 

King 

Kitsap 

Pierce 

Snohomish 

Spokane 

Whatcom 

WEST VIRGINIA 

Brooke 

Brooke State Police 

Cabell .. 

Cabell State Police 

Hancock 

Hancock State Police 

Kanawha 

Kanawha State Police 

Mineral . 

Mineral State Police 

Ohio .... 

Ohio Stale Police 

Putnam . 

Putnam State Police 

Wayne .. 

Wayne State Police 

Wirt State Police 

WISCONSIN 

Brown . . 

Calumet 

Chippewa 

Dane . . . 

Douglas 

Eau Claije 

Kenosha 

La Crosse 

Milwaukee 

OuUgamie 

Ozaukee 

Rock . . . 
Saint Croix 
Sheboygan 
Washington 

Waukesha 

Winnebago 

WYOMING 

Natrona 



7,464 
387 

26,970 
3,072 

13,899 
7,191 
7,747 
1,820 
3,844 



27,271 
3,078 
14.072 

7,786 
1,848 
3,877 



,557 


4,311 


84 


259 


,365 


14,612 


,286 


1,553 


,126 


6,953 


,884 


3,418 


2,674 


4,432 


679 


861 


,339 


1,979 



128 



Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Rural Counties 25,000 and over in Population, 1981 

were received. Leaders (...) indicate zero data. The Modified Crime Index total is the : 



\rson is shown only if 12 months of arson data 
fenses, including arson. 



County by State 



Crime 

total 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



Forcible 



Aggra- 
assault 



of the Crime Index 



theft 



alias 

E Kalb 

iwrence 

X 

organ 

illadega 

ARIZONA 

jchise 

jconino 

ivajo 

nal 



ARKANSAS 



CALIFORNIA 



Dorado 

Dorado Highway Patrol 

umboldt ..... 

umboldt Highway Patrol 

ipenal 

iperial Highway Patrol 

ings 

ings Highway Patrol 
ings State Police 

adera 

adera Highway Patrol 

endocmo Highway Patrol 

erced Highway Patrol 
erced State Police 

evada Highway Patrol 

in Luis Obispo 

in Luis Obispo Highway Patrol 

:hama 

:hama Highway Patrol 

jolumne 

aolumne Highway Patrol 



Table 8.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Rural Counties 25,000 and 


over in Population, 1981— Continued 






County by State 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Modified* 
Crime 
Index 
total 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson* 


DELAWARE 






















Kent State Police 


2,312 


2,313 


2 


15 


27 


158 


680 


1.293 


137 




Sussex State Police 


3,005 


3,01! 


4 


21 


21 


212 


937 


1,690 


120 




FLORIDA 






















Charlotte 


1,169 


1,174 




11 


11 


42 


560 


475 


70 




Citrus 


1,949 


1,955 


1 


9 


11 


111 


720 


1.022 


75 




Collier 


4,295 


4,322 


21 


25 


92 


234 


1,575 


2,108 


240 




Columbia 


1,391 


1,397 


3 


18 


43 


108 


455 


684 


80 




Hertiando 


1,558 


1,567 


7 


16 


32 


163 


544 


741 


55 




Highlands 


1,176 


1,178 


4 


4 


14 


81 


417 


600 


56 




Indian River 


1,895 


1.914 


7 


17 


36 


157 


663 


926 


89 




Jackson 


387 


390 


5 


2 


10 


45 


131 


170 


24 




Lake 


2,721 


2,729 


3 


29 


33 


232 


1.092 


1,214 


118 




Manin 


3,259 


3,278 


6 


20 


54 


134 


1.189 


1,701 


155 




Monroe 


3,374 


3.388 


8 


27 


46 


261 


976 


1,802 


254 




Putnam 


1,576 


1,586 


6 


20 


27 


62 


628 


771 


62 




Saint Lucie 


3,123 


3,127 


8 


31 


42 


202 


1.097 


1,561 


182 




GEORGIA 






















Bartow 


774 




4 


4 


8 


28 


319 


338 


73 




Floyd 


1,374 




3 


4 


II 


40 


478 


724 


114 




Glynn 


2,177 




I 


12 


26 


94 


718 


1.228 


98 




Liberty 


291 




I 


3 


8 


17 


148 


101 


13 




Spaldmg 


1,119 




3 




14 


147 


277 


617 


50 




Whitfield 


1,809 




7 


8 


30 


107 


710 


810 


137 




HAWAn 






















Hawaii 


2,912 


2.946 


2 


12 


25 


55 


956 


1.732 


130 




Kauai 


2,505 


2.512 


2 


10 


29 


52 


667 


1.660 


85 




Maui 


6,384 


6,438 




33 


46 


106 


1,720 


4.216 


261 




IDAHO 






















Bonneville 


668 


670 


, 


9 


5 


29 


191 


399 


34 




Canyon 

Kootenai 


850 


853 




3 


3 


47 


317 


430 


50 




1,077 


1,087 


1 


5 


7 


82 


396 


532 


54 




ILLINOIS 






















Adams 


373 


387 


, 


1 




24 


161 


178 


8 




Kendall 


687 


699 


1 




5 


35 


291 


326 


25 




La Salle '.'.'.'.'.'.[Z'.'.Z]'.'.'.'.'.'. . . . . 


705 


707 




1 


18 


33 


244 


377 


32 




Vermilion 


944 


951 




7 


9 


38 


305 


551 


34 




Whiteside 


361 






2 




6 


152 


190 


11 




Williamson 


544 


550 




9 


5 


35 


201 


250 


44 




INDIANA 






Henry . 


345 


350 






, 


8 


79 


239 


18 




Henry State Police 
La Grange 

La Grange State Police 
La Porte 


100 






2 


2 


7 


41 


36 


12 




363 


365 




1 




22 


111 


214 






144 






2 


2 




45 


72 


9 




1,018 




3 


7 


7 


68 


308 


573 


52 




La Porte State Police 


133 




6 


1 


7 


11 


30 


48 


30 




Wayne 


736 


737 


1 


1 


6 


30 


217 


459 


22 




Wayne State Police 


64 




1 


1 




4 


13 


32 


13 




KANSAS 






















Riley 


315 


315 




8 


3 


17 


89 


190 


8 





KENTUCKY 






















Floyd 

Floyd State Police 


12 


12 








6 


1 


5 






583 


631 


9 


4 


5 


91 


193 


214 


67 


4 



130 



rable 8.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Rural Counties 25,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



County by State 



Crime 
total 



Modified* 
Crime 
Index 
total 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Forcible 
rape 



KENTUCKY— Continued 

'ike State Police 

Pulaski 

Pulaski State Police 

LOUISIANA 

\cadia 

Vvoyelles 

:,afourche 

'laquemines 

Saint Charles 

Saint Landry 

iaini Martin 

iaint Mary 

fangipahoa 

rerrebonne 

/ermilion 

MAINE 

Vroostook 

Aroostook State Police 

Hancock 

iancock State Police 

Cennebec 

Cennebec State Police 

3xford 

3jiford State Police 

Penobscot 

'enobscot State Police 

iVashington 

iVashington State Police 

t'ork 

fork State Police 

MARYLAND 

:alvert 

:alvert State Police 

Frederick 

-rederick State Police 

Saint Mary's State Police 

Wicomico 

iVicomico State Police 

MICHIGAN 

Mlegan 

;:ass 

jrand Traverse 

lillsdale 

sabella 



1,157 
1,179 
2,041 



1,150 
1,055 
536 




131 



Table 8.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Rural Counties 25,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Index 
total 



negligent 



Forcible 



MICHIGAN— Continued 



Midland 

Montcalm 

Newaygo 



MINNESOTA 

Crow Wing 

Otter Tail 

MISSISSIPPI 

Lauderdale 

Lowndes 

Warren 

MISSOURI 

Johnson 

Pemiscot 

Pulaski 

NEW JERSEY 

Sussex State Police 

NEW MEXICO 

Dona Ana 

McKinley 

San Juan 

Valencia 

NEW YORK 

Allegany Sute Police 

Cattaraugus 

Cattaraugus State Police ... 

Cayuga 

Cayuga State Police 

Chautauqua 

Chautauqua State Police 

Chenango 

Chenango State Police 

Clinton 

Clinton State Police 

Columbia 

Columbia State Police 

Delaware 

Delaware State Police 

Franklin State Police 

Fulton . 



Table 8.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Rural Counties 25,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Crime 
Index 
total 



Modified* 
Crime 
Index 
total 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
assault 



NEW YORK— ConUnued 

Fulton Slate Police 

Genesee State Police 

Jefferson 

Jefferson State Police 

Otsego State Police 

Saint Lawrence 

Saint Lawrence State Police 

Steuben 

Steuben State Police 

Sullivan 

Sullivan State Police 

Tompkins 

Tompkins State Police 

Ulster 

Ulster State Police 

Wyoming 

Wyoming State Police 

NORTH CAROLINA 

Beaufort 

Burke 

Caldwell 

Carteret 

Chatham 

Cleveland 

Columbus 

Duplm 

Edgecomb 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood 

Henderson 

Iredell 

Fohnston 

Lincoln 

VIcDowell 

^ash !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! 

Pitt 

Richmond 

Robeson 

Rockingham 

Rutherford 

Sampson 

5urry 

A'ayne 

VUkes 

NORTH DAKOTA 

Vard 

OHIO 

Vshtobula 

Jrown 



133 



Table 8.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Rural Counties 25,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Index 
total 



Modified* 
Crime 
Index 
total 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



OHIO— Continued 

Columbiana 

Darke 

Holmes 

Huron 

Knox 

Logan 

Marion 

Muskingum 

Ross 

Sandusky 

Scioto 

Shelby 

Tuscarawas 

Wayne 

OREGON 

Coos 

Coos State Police 

Deschutes 

Deschutes State Police 

Douglas 

Douglas State Police 

Josephine 

Josephine State Police 

Klamath 

Klamath State Police 

Linn State Police 

PENNSYLVANIA 

Armstrong State Police 
Bedford State Police 
Bradford State Police 
Butler State Police 
Clarion State Police 
Clearfield State Police 
Clinton State Police 
Crawford State Police 
Fayette Stati. Police 
Franklin Stale Police 
Greene State Police 
Huntingdon Slate Police 
Indiana State Police 
Lawrence State Police 
Northumberland State Police 
Schuylkill State Police 
Snyder State Police 
Tioga State Police 
Venango State Police 
Wayne State Police 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

Beaufort 

Cherokee 

Chesterfield 

Colleton 

Darlington 

Georgetown 

Greenwood 

Horry Police Department 

Kershaw 

Lancaster 

Laurens 

Oconee 

Orangeburg 



134 



rable 8. — Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Rural Counties 25,000 and over in Population, 1981 — Continued 



Crime 
total 



Modified* 

Index 
total 



negligent 
slaughter 



Forcible 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



SOUTH CAROLINA— Continued 



jumter 

iVilliamsburg 

TENNESSEE 

3radley 

flamblen 

loan 

TEXAS 

\ngelina 

Henderson 

VIRGINIA 

\ccomack 

\ccomack State Police 

\ugusta State Police 

3edford 

Jedford State Police 

Buchanan 

Buchanan State Police 

^rroll 

::arroll State Police 

-auquier 

-auquier State Police 

'ranlilin State Police 

-rederick State Police 

Halifax 

-lalifax State Police 

Senry 

^enry State Police 

Rockingham 

Rockingham State Police .. 

Russell 

Russell State Police 

Spotsylvania 

Spotsylvania State Police . . 

Stafford 

Stafford State Police 

razewell 

Fazewell State Police 

iVise 

iVise State Police 



WASHINGTON 



WEST VIRGINIA 



'ayette 

ayette State Police 
-ogan 



Table 8.— Number of Offenses Known to the Police, Rural Counties 25,000 and over in Population, 1981— Continued 



Index 
total 



Modified* 

Index 
total 



negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Forcible 



Aggra- 
vated 



vehicle 
theft 



WEST VIRGINIA— Continued 



Marion State Police 

Mercer 

MerLtr State Police 

Mingo 

Mingo State Police 

Monongalia 

Monongalia State Police 

Raleigh 

Raleigh Stale Police 

WISCONSIN 



Dodge 


633 


Fond du Lac 


421 


Grant 


578 


Polk 


1,052 


Portage 


619 


Sauk 


472 


Shawano 


621 


Trempealeau 


539 


Walworth 


1,052 


Waupaca 


725 






STATE AGENOES 








Arizona Department of Public Safety . 


29 








3,043 


Vermont State Police 


7,081 



Bureau of Indian Affairs . .. . 
Bureau of Land Management 

Bureau of Reclamation 

Fish and Wildlife Service ... 

National Park Service 

Territorial Affairs 

OTHER AREAS 

Guam 



7 
5,106 
1,351 
3,199 



fable 9.— Crime Trends, Offenses Known to the Police, Population Group, 1980-1981 

1981 estimated population] 



Population group 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Modified- 
Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent' 
crime 


Property' 
crime 


Murder 
and non- 
neghgent 

slaughter 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson' 


OTAL ALL AGENCIES: 

12,877 agencies; 
population 218,149,000: 

1980 

1981 


12,739,204 
12,711,151 

-.2 


12,867,831 

12,830,253 

-.3 


1,264,122 

1,276,618 

+ 1.0 


11,475,082 

11,434,533 

-.4 


22,075 

21,461 

-2.8 


79,158 

78,235 

■1.2 


536,578 

561,212 

+ 4.6 


626,311 

615,710 

-1.7 


3,597,023 
3,572,630 

-.7 


6,808,714 
6,833,051 

+ .4 


1,069,345 

1,028,852 

-3.8 


128,627 
119,102 






OTAL aTIES: 8,825 cities; 
population 
146,699,000: 

1980 

1981 


10,298,750 
10,306,384 

+ .1 


10,399,266 
10,399,494 


1,059,734 

1,071,901 

+ 1.1 


9,239.016 
9,234,483 


17,040 

16,532 

•3.0 


61,799 

61,064 

-1.2 


487,486 
510,573 

+ 4.7 


493,409 

483,732 
-2.0 


2,780,767 

2,770,536 

-.4 


5,556.257 

5,592.727 

+ .7 


901,992 

871.220 

-3.4 


100.516 
93,110 

-7 4 










Group I 

7 cities, 250,000 and over; 
population 41,638,000: 

1980 


3,831.455 

3,882,333 

+ 1.3 

1,543,364 
1.549.480 

+ .4 

1,132.883 

1.149.623 

+ 1.5 

1,155,208 

1,183.230 

+ 2.4 

1,448,782 

1,466,385 

+ 1.2 

1,367,734 

1,346,752 

-1.5 

1.333.724 

1,316,427 

-1.3 


3,875,133 

3,924,585 

+ 1.3 

1,563.864 
1,570.083 

1,143,119 

1,159,389 

+ 1.4 

1,168,150 

1.195.113 

+ 2.3 

1.463.154 

1.479,367 

+ 1.1 

1,381,260 

1.358,649 

-1.6 

1,345,434 

1.326,589 

-1.4 


571,576 

585,012 

+ 2.4 

282,459 
286,439 

141,475 

147,113 

+ 4.0 

147,642 

151,460 

+ 2.6 

134,699 

138,235 

+ 2.6 

113,922 

109,798 

-3.6 

93,316 

94,121 

+ .9 


3,259,879 

3,297,321 

+ 1.1 

1,260,905 
1,263,041 

+ .2 

991,408 

1,002,510 

+ 1.1 

1,007,566 
1,031,770 

+ 2.4 

1,314,083 
1,328,150 

1,253,812 

1,236,954 

-1.3 

1.240.408 

1,222,306 

-1.5 


10,156 
9.828 
-3.2 

5,146 

4,943 

-3.9 

2,462 

2.451 

-.4 

2.548 
2.434 
-4.5 

2,054 
2,182 
+ 6.2 

1.427 
1.410 
-1.2 

1,273 
1.183 
-7.1 


30,674 

30,138 

-1.7 

11.258 

10,915 

-3.0 

9.697 
9.262 
-4.5 

9.719 
9.961 

+ 2.5 

9,436 

9,413 

-.2 

7,337 
7,160 
-2.4 

6,110 
6,047 
-1.0 


324,875 

343,253 

+ 5.7 

174.985 

184,251 

+ 5.3 

76,726 
83,506 
+ 8.8 

73,164 
75,496 
+ 3.2 

55,051 
58,447 
+ 6.2 

43,004 

43,157 

+ .4 

31,059 
32,060 
+ 3.2 


205,871 

201,793 

-2.0 

91,070 
86.330 

-5.2 

52,590 

51,894 

-1.3 

62,211 
63,569 

+ 2.2 

68,158 
68,193 

+ .1 

62,154 

58,071 

-6.6 

54,874 

54,831 

-.1 


1,087,354 

1,093,939 

+ .6 

435,996 

430,772 

-1.2 

312,222 

318,491 

+ 2.0 

339,136 

344.676 

+ 1.6 

410.818 

415,084 

+ 1.0 

377,891 

372,430 

-1.4 

345,882 

338,727 

-2.1 


1,722,577 
1,753,990 

589,443 

586,413 

-.5 

562,688 
572,797 

570,446 

594,780 

+ 4.3 

795,020 

813,030 

+ 2.3 

762,841 
757,353 

-.7 

800,848 

795,970 

-.6 


449,948 
449,392 

235.466 

245.856 

+ 4.4 

116.498 

111.222 

-4.5 

97,984 

92,314 

-5.8 

108.245 

100,036 

-7.6 

113.080 

107,171 

-5.2 

93,678 

87,609 

-6.5 


43,678 

42,252 

-3.3 

20 500 


Percent change 

cities, 1,000,000 and over; 
population 17,617,000: 

1980 






Percent change 

8 cities, 500,000 to 999,999; 
population 12,147.000: 


+ .5 


1981 


9 766 


Percent change 

3 cities. 250.000 to 499,999; 
population 11,874.000: 

1980 

1981 

Percent change 

Group II 

15 cities, 100,000 to 249,999; 
population 16,959,000: 

1980 

1981 

Percent change 

Group III 

91 cities, 50,000 to 99.999; 
population 19,815,000: 

1980 


-4.6 

12.942 

11,883 

-8.2 

14.372 

12.982 

-9.7 

13,526 


Percent change 

Group IV 

13 cities, 25,000 to 49,999; 
population 21,072,000: 


-12.0 


1981 

Percent change 


10,162 
-13.2 



137 



Table 9.— Crime Trends, Offenses Known to the Police, Population Group, 1980-1981— Continued 












Population group 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Modified- 
Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent' 


Property' 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson' 


Group V 

1,577 cities, 10,000 to 24,999; 
population 24,770,000: 
1980 


1,292,369 

1,276,934 

-1.2 

1,024,686 
1,017,553 

-.7 

1,780,365 

1,754,655 

-1.4 

660,089 

650,112 

-1.5 

4,098,194 

4,037,786 

-1.5 


1,301,229 

1,285,045 

-1.2 

1,033,056 
1,025.259 

1,799,990 

1,772,967 

-1.5 

668,575 

657,792 

-1.6 

4,137,592 

4,073,726 

-1.5 


83,658 

82,694 

-1.2 

62,563 

62.041 

-.8 

153,336 
153,889 

+ .4 

51,052 

50,828 

-.4 

304,235 
305,174 

+ .i 


1,208,711 

1,194,240 

-1.2 

962,123 
955.512 

-.7 

1,627,029 

1,600,766 

-1.6 

609,037 

599,284 

-1.6 

3,793,959 

3,732,612 

-1.6 


1,203 
1,078 
-10.4 

927 
851 
-8.2 

2,903 
2,848 
-1.9 

2,132 
2,081 
-2.4 

4.869 
4,602 
-5.5 


4,752 
4,826 
-1-1.6 

3,490 
3,480 

-.3 

12,854 

12,681 

-1.3 

4,505 

4,490 

-.3 

21,991 

21,558 

-2.0 


22,041 
22,096 

-I-.2 

11,456 
11,560 

-I-.9 

42,799 
44,432 
-(-3.8 

6,293 
6,207 

89,103 
91,385 
+ 2.6 


55,662 
54,694 

-1.7 

46,690 
46,150 

-1.2 

94,780 

93,928 

-.9 

38,122 

38.050 

-.2 

188.272 

187,629 

-.3 


320,712 

316,448 

-1.3 

238,110 

233,908 

-1.8 

575,699 

566,789 

-1.5 

240,557 
235,305 

-2.2 

1,161,719 

1,139,604 

-1.9 


805,609 

800,845 

-.6 

669,362 
671,539 

-I-.3 

922,889 
912,261 

- ',56S 
32b.^o3 

2,338,780 

2,317,763 

-.9 


82,390 

76,947 

-6.6 

54,651 

50,065 

-8.4 

128,441 

121,716 

-5.2 

38,912 
35,916 

-7.7 

293,460 

275,245 

-6.2 


8 860 


1981 

Percent change 

Group VI 

6,172 cities under 10,000; 
population 22,446,000: 
1980 


8,111 
-8.5 

8 370 






Percent change 

Suburban Counties 

1,163 agencies; population 
41,759,000: 


-7.9 




18,312 
-6.7 

8,486 
7 680 


Percent change 

Rural Counties' 

2,889 agencies; population 
29,691,000: 

1980 

1981 


Percent change 

Suburban Area" 

5,803 agencies; population 
85.419.000: 
1980 


-9.5 
39 398 


1981 

Percent change 


35,940 
■8.8 



'The number of agency reports used in arson trends is less than used i 
this table is greater than the number used in the tables on pages 34 and 35. ; 
Index total is the sum of the Crime Index offenses, including arson. 

'Violent crimes are ofTenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 

^Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, and motor vehicle theft. Data are not included for the property crime of a 

^Includes state police agencies with no county breakdown. 

'Includes suburban city and county law enforcement agencies within metropolitan areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban cit 



138 



Table 10.— Crime Trends, Offenses Known to the Police, Suburban and Nonsuburban Cities', Population Group, 1980-1981 

[1981 estimated population) 



Population group 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Modified' 
Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent' 
crime 


Property* 
crime 


Murder 
and non^ 

slaughter 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson" 


Suburban Cities 

TOTAL SUBURBAN OTIES: 

4,640 cities; 

1980 

1981 


2,317,829 

2,283,131 

■1.5 


2,337,602 

2,300,759 

-1.6 


150,899 
151,285 

-l-J 


2,166,930 

2,131,846 

-1.6 


1,966 
1,754 
-10.8 


9,137 
8,877 
-2.8 


46,304 
46,953 

-1-1.4 


93,492 
93,701 

4- .2 


586,020 

572,815 

-2.3 


1,415,891 
1,405,502 

-.7 


165,019 

153,529 

-7.0 


19,773 
17,628 






Group IV 

423 cities, 25,000 to 49,999; 
population 14,400,000: 

1980 

1981 


850,988 

836,641 

■1.7 

857,029 

844,082 

■1.5 

609,812 

602,408 

■1.2 

1,332,950 

1,327,783 


859.186 

843,447 

-1.8 

863,398 

850,078 

■1.5 

615,018 

607,234 

-1.3 

1,342,117 

1,336,134 

-.4 


60,000 
60,946 
4-1.6 

56,315 
55,866 

■.8 

34,584 
34,473 

■.3 

88,638 

87,571 
-IJ 


790,988 

775,695 

■1.9 

800,714 

788,216 

■1.6 

575,228 
567,935 

-1.3 

1,244,312 
1,240,212 


793 
693 
-12.6 

729 
631 
■13.4 

444 
430 
-3.2 

1,437 
1,358 
-5.5 


3,927 
3,748 
■4.6 

3,123 
3,134 
-I-.4 

2,087 
1,995 
-4.4 

5,215 
5,476 
4-5.0 


21,879 
22,259 

-H.7 

16,397 
16,662 
4-1.6 

8,028 
8,032 

18,252 
18,763 
4-2.8 


33,401 
34,246 

4-2.5 

36,066 

35,439 

-1.7 

24,025 
24,016 

63,734 

61,974 

-2.8 


225,564 

220,137 

■2.4 

220,224 

216,604 

■1.6 

140,232 

136,074 

■3.0 

318,684 

316,268 

-.8 


496,294 
490.646 

519,613 

514,408 

■1.0 

399,984 
400,448 

859,928 
862,852 

-f.3 


69,130 

64,912 

-6.1 

60,877 

57,204 

-6.0 

35.012 
31,413 
-10.3 

65,700 

61,092 

-7.0 


8.198 
6,806 
■17.0 

6,369 
5.996 
■5.9 

5,206 
4 826 


Group V 

1,077 cities, 10,000 to 24,999; 
population 17,135,000: 
1980 




Percent change 

Group VI 

3,140 cities under 10,000; 
population 12,125,000: 


1981 


Percent change 

TOTAL NONSUBURBAN 
OTIES: 3,722 cities; 
population 
24,627,000: 

1980 


■7.3 

9,167 
8,351 


1981 







139 



Table 10. — Crime Trends, Offenses Known to the Police, Suburban and Nonsuburban Cities', Population Group, 1980-1981 — Continued 



Population group 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Modified' 
Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent" 


Property* 
crime 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson' 


Group IV 

190 cities, 25,000 to 49.999; 
population 6,672,000: 

1980 


482.736 

479.786 

-.6 

435,340 

432,852 

-.6 

414,874 
415,145 

+ .1 


486,248 

483,142 

-.6 

437.831 
434.967 

-,7 

418,038 
418,025 


33,316 

33,175 

-.4 

27,343 

26,828 

■1.9 

27.979 

27,568 

-1.5 


449,420 

446,611 

-.6 

407,997 
406,024 

-.5 

386,895 

387,577 

+ .2 


480 
490 

-1-2.1 

474 
447 
-5.7 

483 
421 
-12.8 


2,183 
2,299 

-1-5.3 

1,629 
1.692 

-F3.9 

1,403 
1,485 
-h5.8 


9,180 
9,801 

-1-6.8 

5,644 
5,434 

-3.7 

3,428 
3,528 
-1-2.9 


21,473 

20,585 

-4.1 

19,596 
19,255 

-1.7 

22.665 

22.134 

-2.3 


120,318 

118,590 

-1.4 

100.488 

99.844 

-.6 

97.878 
97.834 


304.554 
305,324 

-I-.3 

285.996 
286.437 

269,378 

271.091 

-I-.6 


24.548 
22.697 

-7.5 

21,513 

19,743 

-8.2 

19,639 

18,652 

-5.0 


3.512 
3,356 


Percent change 

Group V 

500 cities, 10,000 to 24,999; 
population 7.635,000: 

1980 


-4.4 

2,491 
2,115 


Percent change 

Group VI 

3,032 cities under 10,000; 
population 10,321.000: 

1980 

1981 

Percent change 


-15.1 

3,164 
2,880 









'Suburban places a 



'ithin Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas (SMSAs) and include suburban city and county law enforcement agencies within the melropohtan area. Core cities* 
itside SMSAs. 
rson trends is less than used in compiling trends for other Crime Index offenses. The Modified Crime Index total is the sum of the Crime Index 



The number of agencies use( 
offenses, including arson. 

'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
^Property crimes are ofTenses of burglary, larceny -theft, and motor vehicle theft. Data 



t included for the i 



rable 11. — Crime Trends, Offenses Known to the Police, Suburban and Nonsuburban Counties, Population Group, 1980-1981 

1981 estimated population) 



Population group 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Modified" 
Cnme 
Index 
total 


Violent" 


Property' 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra^ 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson' 


Suburban Counties^ 


























100,000 and over 


























8 counties; population 
23.560,000: 

1980 

Percent change 


1,203,073 
1,192,900 

-.8 


1,215,674 

1,204,802 

-.9 


107,375 
108,077 

+ .7 


1,095,698 

1,084,823 

■1.0 


1,723 
1,793 
+ 4.1 


8,463 

8,404 

■.7 


34,889 
36,560 

-1-4.8 


62,300 

61,320 

-1.6 


380,991 
378,143 

-.7 


626,671 
622,148 

■.7 


88,036 

84,532 

-4.0 


12,601 

11,902 

-5.5 


25,000 to 99,999 


























12 counties; population 
15,287,000: 

1980 

1981 

Percent change 


412,591 

403,463 

-2.2 


416,789 

407,206 

-2.3 


31,659 

31,753 

-I-.3 


380,932 

371,710 

■2.4 


789 
717 
■9.1 


2,965 
2,801 
■5.5 


5,256 
5,197 
-1.1 


22,649 
23,038 

+ 1.7 


142,932 

139,665 

■2.3 


214,637 

210,816 

■1.8 


23,363 

21,229 

-9.1 


4,198 
3,743 
-10.8 


Under 25,000 


























53 counties; population 
2,912,000: 

1980 

1981 


164,701 

158,292 

■39 


167,527 

160,959 

-3.9 


14,302 

14,059 

-1.7 


150,399 

144,233 

^.1 


391 
338 
■13.6 


1,426 
1.476 
-1-3.5 


2,654 
2,675 
-I-.8 


9,831 
9,570 

■2.7 


51,776 

48,981 

■5.4 


81,581 

79,297 

-2.8 


17,042 

15,955 

-6.4 


2,826 
2,667 
■5.6 


Percent change 




























25,000 and over 


























01 counties; population 
11,628,000: 

1980 

1981 


259,832 

253,860 

-2.3 


262,566 
256,152 

-2.4 


21,096 

20,382 

-3.4 


238,736 

233,478 

-2.2 


687 
624 
■9.2 


1,799 
1,792 


2,836 

2,820 

■6 


15,774 

15,146 

-4.0 


91,601 

89,729 

-2.0 


132.960 

130.865 

-1.6 


14,175 
12,884 


2,734 
2,292 
■16.2 


Percent change 


10,000 to 24,999 


























00 counties; population 
12,536,000: 
1980 


214,156 

209,806 

-2.0 


216,127 

211,519 

■2.1 


15,815 

15,266 

-3.5 


198,341 

194,540 

■19 


708 
683 
■3.5 


1,292 
1,268 
■1.9 


1,611 
1,553 
■3.6 


12,204 

11,762 

■3.6 


79,953 

77,713 

■2.8 


107,613 

107,122 

-.5 


10,775 
9,705 
-9.9 


1,971 
1,713 
-13.1 




Percent change 


Under 10,000 


























,782 counties; population 
5,218,000: 


162,882 

162,110 

-.5 


166,130 

165,322 

-.5 


12,526 
13,133 
+ 4.S 


150,356 

148,977 

-.9 


663 
694 

-(-4.7 


1,235 
1.205 
■2.4 


1.585 
1,545 
■2.5 


9,043 
9,689 
+ 7.1 


59,803 

58,508 

■2.2 


78,751 
79,303 

+ .7 


11,802 
11,166 

-5.4 




1981 

Percent change 


3,212 
-1.1 



npiling trends for other Cri 



•The number of agencies used in arson trends are less than i 
ffenses, including arson. 

'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault, 
'Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, and motor vehicle theft. Data are no 
*Crime offenses include sheriffs' and county law enforcement agencies. State police offenses a 



TTie Modified Crime Index total is the sum of the Crime Index 





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lliil 1 


! 


JilF 


lliil 








s 






3 






— 






5 






— " 














•w 




1 



I I 



s i 
|.l 

ill 
111 

111 

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S I iS 

ill 

ill 



ggg 



isg 

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111 



143 



Table 13.— Crime Rates, Offenses Known to the Police, Population Group, 1981 

[1981 estimated population. Rate; Number of crimes per 100,000 inhabitants] 



Population group 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Modified' 
Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent' 


Property' 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson 


TOTAL ALL AGENaES: 
11,933 agencies; 
population 204,526,000: 
Number of offenses known 
Rate 


12,293,334 
6,010.6 




1,247,416 
609.9 


11,045,918 
5,400.7 


20,554 
10.0 


75,663 
37.0 


548,038 
268.0 


603,161 
294.9 


3,448,100 
1,685.9 


6,611,712 
3J32.7 


986,106 
482.1 




TOTAL CITIES: 8,203 cities; 
population 139,688,000: 
Number of offenses known 


10,027,636 
7,178.6 




1,050,522 

752.1 


8,977,114 
6,426.6 


15,906 
11.4 


59,399 

42.5 


499,682 

357.7 


475,535 
340.4 


2,687,801 
1,924.2 


5,451,882 
3,902.9 


837,431 
599.5 








Group I 

55 cities, 250,000 and over; 
population 39,657,000; 

Number of offenses known 

Rate 

5 cities, 1,000,000 and over; 
population 15,995,000: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate 

18 cities, 500,000 to 999,999; 
population 12,147,000: 

Number of offenses known 

Rate 

32 cities, 250,000 to 499,999; 
population 11,515,000: 

Number of offenses known 
Rate 

Group II 

112 cities, 100,000 to 249.999; 
population 16.582,000; 

Number of offenses known 
Rate 

Group III 

272 cities, 50,000 to 99,999; 
population 18,578,000: 

Number of offenses known 
Rate 


3.756,001 
9,471.3 

1,449,851 
9,064.5 

1.149,623 
9,463.9 

1,156.527 
10.044.1 

1.454,470 
8,771.1 

1,291,974 
6,954.3 




571,397 
1,440.9 

276,165 
1,726.6 

147,113 
1.211.1 

148,119 

137,038 
826.4 

108,442 
583.7 


3,184,604 
8,030.4 

1,173,6S6 
7,337.9 

1,002,510 
8,252.8 

1.008,408 

8,757.7 

1.317.432 
7,944.7 

1,183,532 
6,370.6 


9,306 
23.5 

4,446 
27.8 

2,451 
20.2 

2,409 
20.9 

2,174 
13.1 

1,382 
7.4 


28,942 
73.0 

9,948 
62.2 

9,262 
76.2 

9,732 
84.5 

9,348 
56.4 

7,035 
37.9 


334,626 
843.8 

177.358 
1,108.8 

83,506 
687.4 

73,762 
640.6 

57.975 
349.6 

42,350 
228.0 


198,523 
500.6 

84,413 
527.8 

51,894 
427.2 

62.216 
540.3 

67,541 
407.3 

57,675 
310.4 


1,050,730 
2.649.6 

395.620 
2,473.4 

318,491 
2,621.9 

336,619 
2,923.4 

410,582 
2,476.0 

358,040 
1,927.2 


1,710,431 
4,313.1 

554,480 
3,466.6 

572,797 
4,715.4 

583,154 
5,064.5 

808,237 
4,8740 

721.019 
3,881.0 


423,443 
1,067.8 

223,586 
1,397.9 

111,222 
915.6 

88,635 
769.8 

98,613 
594.7 

104,473 
562.3 





fable 13. — Crime Rates, Offenses Known to the Police, Population Group, 1981 — Continued 



Crime 
total 



Modified' 
Cnme 
Index 
total 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



Forcible 
rape 



vehicle 
theft 



Group IV 

>4 cities, 25.000 to 49,999; 

population 20,388.000: 
Number of offenses knc 
Rate 



Group V 



500 cities, 10.000 to 24.999; 
population 23,545.000: 



population 20,937.000: 

Number of offenses known 
Rate 



Suburban Counties 

104 agencies; population 

37,865,000: 
Number of offenses known 
Rate 



Rural Counties* 

,626 agencies; population 
26,973,000: 

Number of offenses known 
Rate 



Suburban Area' 
,475 agencies; population 
79,605,000: 
Number of offenses known 
Rate 



'Although arson data were introduced in the trend and clearance tables with this issue, sufficient data are not available to 
'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 

'Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, and motor vehicle theft. Data are not included for the property 
^Includes state police agencies with no county breakdown. 

'Includes suburban city and county law enforcement agencies within metropolitan areas. Excludes core ci 
•opulalion figures were rounded to the nearest thousand. All rates were calculated on the population before rounding. 



rates for this offense. 



; also included in other g 



Table 14. — Crime Rates, Offenses Known to the Police, Suburban and Nonsuburban Cities', Population Group, 1981 

[1981 estimated population. Rate: Number of crimes per 100,000 inhabitants] 



Index 
total 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



Aggra- 
vated 



Suburban Oties 

TOTAL SUBURBAN OTIES: 
4,371 cities; population 
41,740,000: 

Number of offenses known 
Rate 



10 cities, 25,000 to 49,999; 
population 13,951,000: 

Number of offenses known 
Rate 



,026 cities, 10,000 to 24,999; 
population 16,305,000: 

Number of offenses known 
Rate 



2,935 cities under 10,C 
population 11,484,00 



Nonsuburban Cities 

TOTAL NONSUBURBAN 

CITIES: 3,393 cities; 

population 23,130,000: 

Number of offenses known 
Rate 



84 cities, 25,000 to 49,999; 
population 6,437,000: 

Number of offenses known 
Rate 



74 cities, 10,000 to 24.999; 
population 7,240,000: 

Number of offenses known 
Rate 



2,735 cities under 10,000; 
population 9.453,000: 
Number of offenses kn 
Rate 



560,507 
1,342.8 



1,375,263 
3,294.8 



s within the metropoUtan area. Core c 



'Although arson data were introduced in the trend and clearance tables with thi.s issue, sufficient data are not available to 
'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 

•Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, and motor vehicle theft. Data are not included for the property < 
Population figures were rounded to the nearest thousand. All rates were calculated on the population before rounding. 



s for this offense. 



rable 15. — Crime Rates, Offenses Known to the Police, Suburban and Nonsuburban Counties, Population Group, 1981 

1981 estimated population. Rate: Number of crimes per 100.000 inhabitants] 



Population group 


Crime 
IndM 
total 


Modified' 

Cnme 
Index 
total 


Violent' 


Property' 
crime 


Murder 
and non- 
negUgent 

slaughter 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 




Arson- 


Subnrban Counties^ 


























100,000 and over 


























<4 counties; population 
20,897,000: 
Number of offenses known 
Rate 


1,097,364 
5,251.4 




103.613 
495.8 


993,751 
4,755.6 


1.744 
8.3 


7,835 
37.5 


34,665 
165.9 


59,369 
284.1 


349,175 
1,671.0 


565,975 
2,708.5 


78.60! 
376.1 




25,000 to 99,999 


























94 counties; population 
14,356,000: 
Number of offenses known 
Rate 


392,377 
2,733.1 




31,173 
217.1 


361,204 
2,516.0 


716 
5.0 


2,728 
19.0 


5,128 
35.7 


22,601 
157.4 


136,159 
948.4 


204,330 
1,423.3 


20,715 
144.3 




Under 25,000 


























16 counties; population 
2,612,000: 

Number of offenses known 
Rate 


155,968 
5,971.0 




13,721 
525.3 


142,247 
5,445,7 


312 
119 


1.457 
55.8 


2,612 
100.0 


9,340 
357.6 


49,275 
1,886.4 


77,246 
2,957.2 


15,726 
602.0 




Nonsuburban Counties* 


























25,000 and over 


























83 counties; population 
11,001,000: 
Number of offenses known 
Rate 


250,891 
2,280.5 




20,508 
186.4 


230,383 
2.094.1 


621 
5.6 


1,795 
16.3 


2.837 
25.8 


15,255 
138.7 


89,109 
810.0 


128,615 
1,169.1 


12,659 
115.1 




10,000 to 24,999 


























14 counties; population 
11,266,000: 
Number of offenses known 
Rate 


196,593 
1,745.0 




14,267 
126.6 


182,326 
1.618.4 


635 
5.6 


1.185 
10.5 


1.443 
12.8 


11,004 
97.7 


73,190 
649.6 


100,174 
889.2 


8,962 
79.5 




Under 10,000 


























,627 counties; population 
4,524,000: 

Number of offenses known 
Rate 


153,736 
3,397.9 




12,468 
275.6 


141,268 
3,122.3 


589 
13.0 


1,136 
25.1 


1,444 
31.9 


9,299 
205.5 


55,509 
1,226.9 


75,104 
1.660.0 


10,655 
235.5 





'Although arson data were introduced m the trend and clearance tables with this issue. sufFicient data are not 
'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 

'Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny -theft, and motor vehicle theft. Data are not included for th 
♦Offenses include shenffs' and county law enforcement agencies. State police offenses are not included- 
opulation figures were rounded to the nearest thousand. All rates were calculated on the population before rounc 



available to 
le property i: 



147 



o| 



p 



i:;-! 






SS 



»2 



^1 

O ¥ 






p 



11 






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';; 



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o^ 






s* 



I 

IS o^ 

i li 
111! 



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I 

" § i 

ell 



7 5S!^ 









2^1 

5.Z a Si aZ I 

a 5 g. 



Ill 

2 = ^ 



:= a.Z o: ;5 g-Z as 



;§i 



_ -"i 



° 5-0 



Ili-Ss 



ss 



In 



°s 



5 5t 



S5 



^1 
of 



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SuSi 



^l§ 






I s 



lii-Ss 



21 § 
<l I 



^-^.Z ai ^-»Z OS 



He 

il! 

I 2^ 

sii 

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111 

Hi 



Table 17.— Offense Analysis, 1981, and Percent Change from 1980 

[13,090 agencies; 1981 estimated population 216,579,000] 



Percent 

change over 

1980 



Murder 

Forcible Rape 

Robbery 

TOTAL 



Convenience si 
Residence 
Bank .... 
Miscellaneous 



Residence (dwelling) 

Nighl 

Day 

Unknown 
Nonresidence (store, office, etc ) 

Night 



Unknown 



Larceny-Theft (Except Motor Vehicle Theft) 



288,614 
72,430 
22,934 
34,809 
60,670 
7,559 
66,768 



2,372,724 
764,933 

1,008,561 
599,230 

1,148,101 
625,842 
191,055 
331,204 



TOTAL 

By type: 

Pocket-picking 

Purse-snatching 

Shoplifting 

From motor vehicles (except accessories) 

Motor vehicle 

Bicycles 

From buildings 

From coin-operated 

All others 

By value: 

Over $200 

$50 to $200 

Under $50 

Motor Vehicle Theft 



75,953 
103,915 
768,310 
1,199,220 
1,284,526 
627,812 
1,117,282 
55,862 
1,510,758 

2,027,628 
2,157,998 
2,558,012 
1,021,434 



'Because of rounding, the i 



ntages may not add to total. 



Table 18.— Type and Value of Property Stolen and Recovered, 1981 

[13,090 agencies; 1981 estimated population 216,579,000] 





Value of property 




Type of property 


Stolen 


Recovered 


recovered 




$9,156,671,000 


$2,271,661,000 


24 






Currency notes, etc 

Jewelry and precious metals 

Clothing and furs 

Locally stolen motor vehicles 

Office equipment 

Televisions radios, stereos, etc 

Firearms 

Household goods 

Consumable goods 

Livestock 

Miscellaneous 


676.247.000 

1,525,527,000 

240,999,000 

3,277,227.000 

100,617,000 

728,192,000 

112,584.000 

223,106.000 

81,891.000 

21,004,000 

2,169,277,000 


50,824,000 
88,682,000 
25,747,000 
1.694,865,000 
11.601,000 
41,870,000 
11.682.000 
17.055,000 
8.730,000 
3,608,000 
316,997,000 


7 

5 

10 
51 
11 

5 
10 

7 
10 
17 
14 



'All lotals and percentages calculated before rounding. 



150 



SECTION III 
CRIME INDEX OFFENSES CLEARED 



Law enforcement agencies clear a crime when they 
lave identified the offender, have sufficient evidence to 
harge him, and actually take him into custody. In 
xceptional instances, crimes may be cleared when some 
lement beyond law enforcement control precludes taking 
he offender into custody. Examples of circumstances 
esulting in exceptional clearances would be the death of 
n offender (suicide, deathbed confession, etc.) or the 
efusal of a victim to cooperate in the prosecution after an 
offender is identified. It should be noted that the arrest of 
ine person can clear several crimes or several persons 
nay be arrested in the process of clearing one crime. 

In 1981, law enforcement agencies cleared 19 percent of 
he Index crimes reported. Forty-three percent of all 
'iolent crimes were cleared with individual rates of 72 
lercent for murder, 48 percent for forcible rape, 24 
lercent for robbery, and 58 percent for aggravated 
ssault. In connection with property crimes, law enforce- 
nent agencies cleared 17 percent of the total offenses in 
hat category. Nineteen percent of the larceny-thefts and 
4 percent of the burglaries and motor vehicle thefts were 
leared. 



For arson, the eighth Index crime, the clearance rate 
was 15 percent. When arson was considered in the 
Modified Crime Index total, the clearance rate remained 
the same, 19 percent. 

Geographically, the highest overall Crime Index clear- 
ance rate was recorded by the Southern States with 21 
percent. The North Central and Western States each 
reported a 19-percent clearance rate; and the Northeast- 
ern States, 18 percent. 

Clearances Involving Only Persons under 18 Years of 

Age 

Twenty-one percent of the Crime Index offenses 
cleared in 1981 involved only persons under the age of 18. 
Persons in this same age group accounted for 10 percent 
of the violent crime clearances and 25 percent of those for 
property crimes. 

The percentage of juvenile involvement was much 
higher for arson than for any other Index crime. Thirty- 
eight percent of all arson clearances involved persons 
under 1 8 years of age exclusively. The clearance rate for 
the Modified Crime Index, including arson, was 22 
percent. 



151 




CRIMES CLEARED BY ARREST 
1981 



r'*^' 
Uk 






CRIMES OF VIOLENCE 

NOT CLEARED CLEARED 



















MURDER 72% 




;:||jjj| 


AGGRAVATED „», 
ASSAULT ^^ 






m 


FORCIBLE -noz. 
RAPE ^% 






^>,^JERY 1 


24% 








1 







CRIMES AGAINST PROPERTY 

NOT CLEARED CLEARED 



BURGLARY I 14% 



LARCENY-THEFT 



19% 



MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT M 14% 



ible 19. — Offenses Known and Percent Cleared by Arrest', Population Group, 1981 

>81 estimated population] 







Modified^ 






Murder 
















Population group 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent' 
crime 


Property' 


and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson' 


TAL ALL AGENCIES: 


























3,334 agencies; total 


























population 218,287,000: 


























Offenses known 


12,715,894 


12,838,504 


1,275.135 


11,440,759 


21,413 


77,623 


557,162 


618,937 


3,569,753 


6,842,886 


1,028,120 


122,610 


Percent cleared by arrest .. 


19.5 


19.4 


42.9 


16.9 


71.6 


48.1 


23.9 


58.3 


14.3 


18.6 


14.2 


15.4 


TAL CITIES: 9,179 cities; 


























otal population 146,165,000: 


























Offenses known 


10,275,410 


10,370,473 


1,066,647 
40.9 


9,208,763 


16,364 


60,173 


506,023 
23.4 


484,087 

57.5 


2,755,525 
13.9 


5,584,401 
19.2 


868,837 
12.9 


95,063 
14.3 


Percent cleared by arrest .. 


19.5 


19.4 


17.0 


71.1 


46.4 


Group 1 


























cities. 250,000 and over; 


























Ota) population 40,525.000: 


























Offenses known 


3.795.404 


3.837.276 


574,869 


3.220.535 


9,616 


29,015 


337,567 


198,671 


1,065.424 


1,713.078 


442,033 


41,872 


Percent cleared by arrest .. 


17.5 


17,5 


34.9 


14.5 


67.5 


44.3 


21.8 


54.2 


11.9 


17.5 


8.6 


10.7 


ities. 1,000,000 and over; 


























otal population 17,617,000: 


























Offenses known 


1.549.480 


1.570.083 


286,439 


1.263.041 


4,943 


10.915 


184.251 


86,330 


430,772 


586,413 


245,856 


20,603 


Percent cleared by arrest .. 


16.5 


16.4 


31.0 


13.2 


63.5 


40.6 


20.5 


50.2 


10.4 


18.0 


6.7 


5.2 


cities. 500.000 to 999,999; 


























otal population 11,493,000: 


























Offenses known 


1.096,298 


1,105.295 


140.057 


956.241 


2.318 


8.502 


79.414 


49.823 


300,334 


549,853 


106,054 


8,997 


Percent cleared by arrest .. 


18.0 


18.0 


37.8 


15.1 


70.4 


46.4 


22.9 


58.7 


13.1 


17.1 


10.4 


18.5 


cities, 250.000 to 499,999; 


























otal population 11,415.000: 


























Offenses known 


1.149,626 


1.161,898 


148.373 


1.001.253 


2.355 


9.598 


73,902 


62,518 


334,318 


576,812 


90,123 


12,272 


Percent cleared by arrest .. 


18.6 


18.5 


39.7 


15.4 


72.9 


46.6 


23.8 


56.2 


12.8 


17.5 


11.8 


14.2 


Group II 


























cities, 100,000 to 249,999; 


























otal population 16,785,000: 


























Offenses known 


1.461,388 


1.474,568 


137.478 


1.323,910 


2.160 


9.335 


58.080 


67.903 


412,299 


811.885 


99,726 


13,180 


Percent cleared by arrest 


20.5 


20.4 


44.2 


18.0 


75.5 


46.5 


25.9 


58.6 


14.9 


20.0 


14.6 


15.1 


GROUP III 


























cities. 50,000 to 99.999; 


























otal population 19.925.000: 


























Offenses known 


1.369.035 


1.381.141 


112,488 


1.256.547 


1.418 


7.343 


44,098 


59,629 


378,284 


768,334 


109,929 


12,106 


Percent cleared by arrest . . 


19.9 


19.8 


44.4 


17.7 


75.0 


47.4 


25.2 


57.4 


14.3 


20.0 


13.2 


144 



153 



Table 19.— Offenses Known and Percent Oeared by Arrest 


, Population Group, 1981— Continued 












Population group 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Modified' 
Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent' 


Property' 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
Iheft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson' 


Group IV 


























611 cities, 25,000 to 49,999; 
total population 21.024.000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest . 


1,317,394 
20.7 


1.327,839 
20.7 


94,310 
46.7 


1,223,084 
18.7 


1,192 
78.3 


6.034 
466 


32,062 
27.5 


55,022 
57.2 


339.390 
15,3 


796.022 
20.4 


87,672 
16.3 


10,4- 
15 


Group V 


























1,575 cities, 10,000 to 24.999; 
total population 24.760,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest .. 


1,283,418 
21.3 


1.292,285 
21.3 


83,134 
51,4 


1,200,284 


1.090 
76.2 


4,833 
50.4 


22,265 

27.7 


54,946 
60.6 


318.531 
15.7 


804.386 
20.5 


77,367 
20.2 


8,8( 
20 


Group VI 


























6,532 cities under 10,000; total 
population 23,146.000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest . 


1.048,771 
21.0 


1,057,364 
21.0 


64,368 
594 


984,403 
18.4 


888 
77.6 


3,613 
54.3 


11.951 
30.5 


47.916 
66.7 


241,597 
16.5 


690,696 
18.4 


52,110 
28.4 


8,5 
23 


Suburban Counties 


























1,200 agencies; toul 
population 42,035.000: 
Offenses known 


1,775,893 
19.0 


1,794,998 
19.0 


156,087 
49.1 


1,619.806 
16.1 


2.909 
69.9 


12,826 
509 


44.741 
27.2 


95,611 
58.5 


573,733 
15,3 


923,410 
16.3 


122,663 


19,1 


Percent cleared by arrest . . 


18 


RuRAi- Counties 


























2,955 agencies; total 
population 30,087,000: 

Offenses known 


664,591 
20.7 


673.033 
20.7 


52,401 
63.8 


612,190 
17.0 


2,140 

77.4 


4,624 
62.7 


6,398 
40.4 


39,239 
67.0 


240,495 
16,8 


335,075 
15.5 


36,620 
31.8 


8,4^ 


Percent cleared by arrest . . 


21 


Suburban Area' 
5,969 agencies; total 
population 85,996,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest .. 


4,079,776 
19.4 


4,117.680 
19.4 


308,793 
48.7 


3,770,983 
17.0 


4,684 
71.7 


21,753 
49.3 


91,995 
26.8 


190,361 
58.6 


1,152,394 
15.0 


2,340.758 
17.9 


277,831 
17.2 


37, 9( 
18 



•Includes offenses cleared by exceptional means. 

*The number of agency reports used in arson clearance rates is less than used in compiling clearance rales for other Crime Index offenses. However, the number of agencies used in t 
arson column for this table is greater than the number used in the clearance table on page 35, since it is not necessary to report clearances by property classification to be included in tl 
table. The Modified Cnme Index total is the sum of the Cnme Index offenses, including arson. 

'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 

'Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-Ihefl, and motor vehicle theft. Data are not included for the property crime of arson. 

'Includes suburban city and county law enforcement agencies within metropolitan areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban cities and counties are also included in other group 



154 



ble 20. — Offenses Known and Percent Cleared by Arrest', Geographic Division, 1981 

'81 estimated population] 



Geographic division 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Modified' 
Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent" 


Property' 
crime 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson' 


TOTAL ALL DIVISIONS 


























334 agencies; population 
18,287,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest .. 


12,715,894 
19.5 


12,838,504 
19.4 


1,275,135 
42.9 


11,440,759 
16.9 


21,413 
71.6 


77,623 
48.1 


557,162 
23.9 


618,937 
58.3 


3,569,753 
14.3 


6,842,886 
18.6 


1,028,120 
14.2 


122,610 
15.4 


New England States 


























agencies; total population 
716,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest . 


613,417 
17.6 


620,258 
17.5 


52,841 
42.6 


560.576 
15.2 


456 
79.8 


2.564 
54.0 


23.253 
21.0 


26.568 
59.8 


174,903 
14.7 


303.460 
17.4 


82,213 
8.4 


6,841 
14.4 


Middle Atlantic States 


























36 agencies; total population 
6,640,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest . . 


2,060,230 
17.7 


2.082.406 
17.6 


275,774 
34.2 


1.784.456 
15.1 


3.401 
67.9 


10.314 
47.6 


165.985 
20.8 


96,074 
54.8 


586,052 
13.5 


970.657 
17.7 


227,747 
8.1 


22,176 
11.2 


AST North Central States 


























21 agencies; total population 
8,979,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest .. 


2,153,669 
19.0 


2.173,516 
19.0 


185.213 
40.9 


1,968,456 
17.0 


3,326 
67.7 


12,409 
45.7 


82,000 
25.8 


87,478 
53.3 


552,722 
13.4 


1.232.751 
19.2 


182,983 
12.9 


19.847 
11.2 


est North Central States 


























54 agencies; total population 
6,142,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest .. 


805,048 
19.9 


811.517 
19.9 


53.385 
48.0 


751,663 
17.9 


873 
79.3 


3,993 
49.7 


20.141 
27.2 


28,378 
61.5 


211,647 
15.2 


494.503 
18.7 


45,513 
21.7 


6.469 
19.6 


South Atlantic States 


























86 agencies; total population 
6,839,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest .. 


2,220,382 
21.3 


2,238,053 
21.3 


247,650 
48.7 


1,972,732 
17.8 


4,418 
71.3 


14,336 

52.1 


91.701 
25.2 


137.195 
63.2 


628.780 
17.0 


1,221,856 
17.9 


122,096 
20.8 


17,671 
22.3 


AST South Central States 


























98 agencies; total population 
2,107,000: 
Offenses known 


4.676,653 
18.8 


472,112 
18.8 


40,595 
49.6 


427.058 
15.9 


1.168 
84.4 


2,642 
56.5 


11.609 
31.2 


25,176 
55.7 


141,288 
143 


257.085 
16.6 


28.685 
17.6 


4,459 


Percent cleared by arrest .. 


20.7 


est South Central States 


























23 agencies; total population 
23,729,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest .. 


1,296,388 
21.3 


1,307,858 
21.3 


119,859 
50.7 


1.176,529 
18.3 


3.334 
75.4 


9,687 
51.0 


39,823 
28.7 


67.015 
62.6 


392.288 
147 


676.951 
20.5 


107,290 
17.8 


11,470 
20.5 


Mountain States 


























» agencies; total population 
1,085,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest .. 


729,940 
21.0 


735,251 
21.0 


56,394 
48.9 


673.546 
18.6 


881 
73.3 


4.303 
45.8 


17,034 
25.3 


34,176 
60.4 


194,645 
13.2 


438.099 
20.7 


40.802 
22.4 


5,311 
21.8 


Pacific States 


























30 agencies; total population 
32,049,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest .. 


2,369,167 
18.8 


2,397,533 
18.7 


243.424 
40.7 


2,125,743 
16.3 


3.556 
67.8 


17,375 
43.1 


105.616 
23.2 


116.877 
55,4 


687,428 
13.1 


1.247,524 
18.3 


190,791 
14.7 


28.366 
127 



'Includes offenses cleared by exceptional means. 

The number of agency reports used in arson clearance rates is less than used in compiling clearance rates for other Crime Index offenses. However, the number of agencies used in the 
on column for this table is greater than the number used in the clearance table on page 35, since it is not necessary to report clearances by property classification to be included in this 
le. The Modified Crime Index total is the sum of the Crime Index offenses, including arson. 

^Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 

•Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, and motor vehicle theft. Data are not included for the property crime of arson. 





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3,266 

1.2 

1,397 
16.1 

1,466 
15.4 


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TOTAL ALL AGENOES: 
13,334 

agencies; population 
218,2*7,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest 


11 il 


Group I 

55 cities, 250,000 and over; 
total population 40,525,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest 
6 cities, 1,000,000 and over; 
total population 17,617,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest 

17 cities, 500,000 to 999,999; 

total population 11,493,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest 

32 cities, 250,000 to 499,999; 

total population 11,415,000: 

Offenses known 

Percent cleared by arrest 

Group II 


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Table 22.— Offenses aeared by Arrest' of 

[1981 estimated population] 



Persons Under 18 Years of Age, 1981 



Population group 



Cnme 
Index 
total 



Modified^ 

Index 
total 



Forcible 



Aggra- 
assault 



TOTAL ALL AGENaES: 
13,319 agencies; popula- 
tion 217,401,000: 

Total clearances 

Percent under 18 

TOTAL CITIES: 9,173 cities; 
population 146,074,000: 

Total clearances 

Percent under 18 

Group I 

55 cities, 250,000 and over; 
population 40,525,000: 

Total clearances 

Percent under 18 

6 cities, 1,000,000 and over; 
population 17,617,000: 

Total clearances 

Percent under 18 

17 cities, 500,000 to 999,999; 
population 11,493,000: 

Total clearances 

Percent under 18 

32 cities, 250,000 to 499,999; 
population 11,415,000: 

Total clearances 

Percent under 18 

Group II 

114 cities, 100,000 to 249,999; 
population 16,785,000: 

Total clearances 

Percent under 18 

Group III 

291 cities, 50,000 to 99,999; 
population 19,865.000: 

Total clearances 

Percent under 18 

Group IV 

611 cities, 25,000 to 49,999; 
population 21,024,000: 

Total clearances 

Percent under 18 

Group V 

1,574 cities, 10,000 to 24,999; 
population 24,749,000: 

Total clearances 

Percent under 18 

Group VI 

6,528 cities under 10.000; 
population 23,126,000: 
Total clearances 



42,716 230,347 



158 



able 22.— Offenses Oeared by Arrest' 


of Persons Under 


18 Years of Age, 1981— Continued 












Population group 


Cnme 
Index 
total 


Modified" 
Crime 
Index 
total 


Violent" 
crime 


Property* 
crime 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slau^ter 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson' 


Suburban Counties 

196 agencies; 
population 41,334,000: 

Total clearances 


330,603 
20.9 

137,113 
17.4 

783,848 
24.4 


334,009 
210 

138,914 
17.4 

790,648 
24.6 


75,744 
9.8 

33,256 
6.3 

149.395 
11.7 


254,859 
24.2 

103,857 
20.9 

634,453 
27.4 


2,015 
5.5 

1,649 
5.3 

3,339 
5.8 


6,332 
8.1 

2,873 
7.9 

10,536 
9.6 


12,015 
140 

2,571 
9.5 

24,503 
16.7 


55,382 
9.2 

26,163 
5.8 

111,017 
11.0 


86,331 
26.6 

40,361 
24.6 

171,140 
29.2 


146,796 
23.2 

51.880 
18.2 

415.842 
27.2 


21,732 
21.2 

11,616 
20.8 

47,471 
22.9 


3,406 
36.8 


Rural Counties 

950 agencies; 
population 29,992,000: 


Percent under 18 

Suburban Areas' 
963 agencies; population 
85,284,000: 


21.0 

6,800 
42.2 


Percent under 18 



'Includes offenses cleared by exceptional means, 

*The number of agency reports used m arson clearance rates is less than used in compiling c 
^on column for this table is greater than the number used in the clearance table on page 35, s 
ble. The Modified Crime Index total is the sum of the Cnme Index offenses, including arson. 

'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 

•Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, and motor vehicle theft. Data are not included for the property c 

'Includes suburban city and county law enforcement agencies within metropolitan areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban c 



) included in other city groups. 



159 



SECTION IV 
PERSONS ARRESTED 



While arrests are primarily an indication of law enforce- 
ment activity, data on the characteristics of those taken 
into custody also provide a limited profile of crime 
perpetrators, especially those committing crimes having 
high clearance rates. Although law enforcement practices, 
policies, and emphases differ among agencies (particularly 
for offenses against public order, such as drunkenness, 
vagrancy, disorderly conduct, and related violations) and 
can influence the volume of arrests, policies regarding 
arrests for serious crimes, e.g., robbery or burglary, are 
likely to be consistent and uniform throughout all jurisdic- 
tions. UCR Program procedures require that an arrest be 
counted on each separate occasion an individual is taken 
into custody, notified, or cited. Also, only one arrest is 
counted for each individual, regardless of the number of 
charges lodged against him. 

During 1981, law enforcement agencies nationwide 
effected an estimated 10.8 million arrests for all criminal 
infractions other than traffic violations. For the total 
United States population, the arrest rate per 100,000 
inhabitants was 4,795. For cities with populations 250,000 
and over, the rate was 6,816; for suburban areas, 3,994; 
and for rural counties, 3,229. 

Arrest Trends 

From 1980 to 1981, law enforcement officers' overall 
arrests, excluding those for traffic violations, rose 5 
percent. Arrests of persons under 18 years of age 
increased less than 1 percent, and those of persons 18 
years of age and older were up 6 percent. When limited to 
only the eight Crime Index offenses, 1981 arrests of people 
of all ages increased 4 percent from the previous year. In 
the same 2 years, adult arrests rose 7 percent, while arrests 
of those younger than 1 8 years decreased 3 percent. 

Over the 5-year period beginning in 1977, arrests for all 
offenses except traffic climbed 11 percent. Arrests of 
persons under 1 8 years of age were down 9 percent, while 
those of persons 18 and over jumped 17 percent. Total 
Crime Index arrests were up 12 percent and those of 
adults rose 27 percent. Conversely, a drop of 10 percent in 
Index arrests of persons younger than 18 occurred during 
the same 5-year period. 

Arrests for drug abuse violations in 1981 increased 9 
percent over the 1980 total. In the period 1977 to 1981, 
arrests for these violations were down less than 1 percent. 
The types of drugs involved in violations resulting in 



arrests during 1981 are shown by geographic region in the 
accompanying table. 

Age 

Nationally, age distribution data for all arrestees reveal 
ed that 6 percent were under the age of 15, 20 perceni 
were under 18, 37 percent were under 21, and 55 percent 
under 25. 

Arrests for Drug Abuse Violations 





Total' 


Heroin 


Mari- 
juana 


Syn- 
thetic 
narcotics 


Other 


Northeastern States 

Sale/manufacture 


100.0 
24.1 
75.9 

100.0 
22.4 
77.6 

100.0 
20.7 
79.3 

100.0 
13.2 
86.8 


21.8 
9.2 

12.6 
7.5 
2.9 
4.6 
8.3 
2.4 
5,9 

16.1 
3.7 

12.4 


56.7 
74.7 

9,6 
65.1 
73.8 
11.1 
62.7 
68.3 

6.9 
61.4 


3.9 
1.2 
2.6 
4.0 
1.3 
2.8 
4.7 
1.4 
3.3 
I.O 
.3 


6.C 
2.C 
3 S 


North Central Sutes .... 

Sale/manufacture 

Possession 

Southern States 

Sale/manufacture 

Possession 


13.8 
8.7 
5. 

13. 
5.f 
7.2 

14" 


Sale/manufacture 

Possession 


2.2 


Total 

Sale/manufacture 

Possession 


100.0 
19.9 
80.1 


12.9 
4.2 
8.7 


71.5 
10.0 
61.5 


3.6 
1.1 
2.5 


12. 

4.e 

74 







'Because of rounding, percentages may not add lo lotal 

The proportions of arrests in the younger segments ol 
the population were greater for the Nation's cities and 
suburban areas than for the country as a whole. The undei 
25 age group accounted for 56 percent of the city arrests 
and 57 percent of those in the suburban areas. The 
distributions of arrests in the rural counties were lowei 
than the national experience for the younger age groups. 
Persons under age 25 comprised 46 percent of the total 
rural arrests. 

Considering only the Crime Index offenses (including 
arson), 12 percent of the arrestees in the Nation were 
under the age of 15; 34 percent were under the age of 18; 
51 percent were under 21; and 67 percent, under 25. A 
further examination of figures on arrestees in the lower 
age brackets showed that persons under 25 years of age 
comprised 55 percent of those arrested for violent crimes 
and 70 percent of those arrested for property crimes. 



160 



A comparison with 1980 figures showed that in 1981 
loth male and female arrests increased, 5 percent and 7 
lercent, respectively. Outnumbering women arrestees by 

to 1, males accounted for 84 percent of all arrests, 81 
lercent of those for Index crimes, 90 percent of those for 
■iolent crimes, and 79 percent of those for property 
rimes. 

Repeating the experiences of former years, female 
riminal involvement related mainly to larceny-theft, the 
rime which accounted for 79 percent of arrests of 
vomen for Index offenses and 29 percent of all female 
rrests. 

Since 1977 arrests of males under 18 years of age 
lecreased 8 percent, and female arrests for the identical 
ge group were down 13 percent. When restricted to only 
he Crime Index, arrests of females under age 18 fell 12 
lercent and those of males in the same age group dropped 
percent during the 5-year period. 



Arrest Rates 

Arrest rates are a measure of law enforcement activity 
in response to crime. The accompanying table presents the 
Crime Index arrest rates per 100,000 inhabitants in the 
four geographic regions of the United States. 
Arrests, Region, 1981 
[Rate per 100,000 inhabitants] 



Offense 


United 
States 
total 


North- 
eastern 
States 


North 
Central 
States 


Southern 
States 


Western 
Sutes 


Murder 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault .... 
Burglary 


9.5 
14.0 
68.8 
124.5 
228.4 
558.8 
57.0 
9.0 


6.3 
13.1 
98.6 
115.2 
213.4 
474.2 
55.2 
9.2 


7,5 
12.4 
48.7 
69.7 
172.5 
558.2 
42.8 
8.6 


11.3 
14.6 
55.7 
148.5 
235.0 
541.7 
47.8 
8.5 


12.6 
16.1 
84.2 
163.5 
305.9 
685 9 


Motor vehicle theft . . . 
Arson 


93.9 
10.5 


Crime Index total' .. 


1,070.0 


985.1 


920.5 


1,063.1 


1,372.6 



161 



Table 23.— Total Estimated Arrests', United SUtes, 1981 



TOTALS 


10,840,000 


Drug abuse violations 

Opium or cocaine and their derivatives 


559,90( 




21,590 
31,710 
153,890 
283,270 
518,900 
1,261,600 
129,200 
20,600 


72 10< 


Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary 

Larceny-theft 




Synthetic or manufactured drugs 
Other-dangerous nonnarcotic drugs 


20,00( 
67.50( 












3 30( 










490,460 
1,930,300 












Offenses against family and children 

Dnving under the influence 

Liquor laws . 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy .... 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion (not included in total) 

Curfew and loiltnng law violations 

Runaways ... 










2,420,800 








Other assaults 


494,200 
86,600 
295.100 
8,700 
129.500 
242,600 
179,700 
106,600 

72.000 


56 50( 


Fraud 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 

Vandalism 


1.531,40( 
483,50( 

1.155.4a 
787.10( 
33,00( 






Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 

prostitution) 


94,80( 
153,30( 



'Arrest totals based on all reporting agencies and estimates for unreported areas, 
'Because of rounding, items may not add to totals. 

'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault 
*Property cnmes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arse 
"Includes arson. 



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t« Q O O 



Table 25.— Total Arrest Trends, 1972-1981 

[7,933 agencies; 1981 estimated population 172,784,000] 











Number of persons 


irrested 








Offense charged 


Total all ages 


Under 18 years of age 


18 years of age and over 


1972 


1981 


Percent 
change 


1972 


1981 


change 


1972 


1981 


Percent 
change 




5,581,334 


8,512,697 


+ 52.5 


1,470,298 


1,718,348 


+ 16.9 


4,111,036 


6,794,349 


+ 65.3 




Murder and nonnegligent 






























1.438 
3.715 






14,644 
20,998 


+ 38.5 
+ 70.3 


Forcible rape 


15,455 


24,713 


+ 59.9 


3,125 


+ 18.9 


12,330 


Robbery 


90,245 


124,737 


+ 38.2 


29,025 


36.669 


+ 26.3 


61,220 


88,068 


+ 43.9 


Aggravated assault 


125,798 


220,194 


+ 75.0 


22,162 


31.684 


+ 43.0 


103,636 


188.510 


+ 81.9 


Burglary 


250,693 


403,572 


+ 61.0 


128,946 


172.519 


+ 33.8 


121,747 


231.053 


+ 89.8 


Larceny-theft 


557,987 


992,592 


+ 77.9 


281,769 


348,238 


+ 23.6 


276,218 


644.354 


+ 133.3 


Motor vehicle theft 


93,778 


99,644 


+ 6.3 


49,791 


40,360 


-18.9 


43,987 


59.284 


+ 34.8 


Arson 


8,569 


15,828 


+ 84.7 


5.007 


6,806 


+ 35.9 


3,562 


9,022 


+ 153.3 


Violent cnme' . 


243,810 


385,726 


+ 58.2 


56.050 


73,506 


+ 31.1 


187,760 


312,220 


+ 66.3 


Property cnme' 


911,027 


1,511,636 


+ 65.9 


465.513 


567,923 


+ 22.0 


445,514 


943,713 


+ 111.8 




1,154,837 


1,897,362 


+ 64.3 


521.563 


641.429 


+ 23.0 


633,274 


1,255,933 








Other assaults 


253 998 


394,521 


+ 55 3 


51 161 


68.162 


+ 33 2 


202.837 


326,359 
60,020 
228,327 


+ 60.9 












Fraud 


80.478 


241,187 


+ 199.7 


3.091 


12.860 


+ 316.0 


77.387 


+ 195.0 


Embezzlement 


5,976 


7,097 


+ 18.8 


328 


720 


+ 119.5 


5.648 


6.377 


+ 12.9 


Stolen property; buying, receiving, 




















possessmg 


62,142 


102,615 


+ 65.1 


18,522 


28,069 


+ 51.5 


43.620 


74,546 


+ 70.9 


Vandalism 


108,098 


189,947 


+ 75.7 


77.055 


91,387 


+ 18.6 


31.043 


98,560 


+ 217.5 




99 053 


138 330 


+ 39 7 
+ 39.7 


15 561 


20,942 


+ 34 6 


83.492 


117,388 


+ 40.6 


Prostitution and commercialized 












vice 


31 258 


70 811 


+ 126 5 


900 


2 347 


+ 160 8 


30,358 


68 464 


+ 125 5 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 


















prostitution) 


39,392 


54,639 


+ 38.7 


8,965 


9,497 


+ 5.9 


30,427 


45.142 


+ 48.4 


Drug abuse violations 


339,150 


483,773 


+ 42.6 


79.284 


79.601 


+ .4 


259,866 


404,172 


+ 55.5 


Gambling .... 


52,828 


32,225 


-39.0 


1.410 


1.144 


-18.9 


51,418 


31.081 


-39.6 


Offenses against family and children 


41,010 


44,076 


+ 7.5 


748 


2.128 


+ 184.5 


40,262 


41,948 


+ 4.2 


Driving under the influence 


468.753 


1,146,089 


+ 144.5 


5.861 


23.522 


+ 301.3 


462,892 


1,122,567 


+ 142.5 


Liquor laws . 


172,470 


363,902 


+ 111.0 


63,785 


114,294 


+ 79.2 


108,685 


249,608 


+ 129.7 


Drunkenness 


1,080.899 


911,835 


-15.6 


32,118 


31,643 


-1.5 


1,048,781 


880,192 


-16.1 


Disorderly conduct 


498,747 


644,909 


+ 29.3 


107,609 


101,847 


-5.4 


391.138 


543.062 


+ 38.8 


Vagrancy .... 


50,260 


20,970 


■58.3 


5,032 


2,894 


-42.5 


45.228 


18,076 


-60.0 


All other olT(nsi.s (except traffic) 


741,273 


1,497,529 


+ 102.0 


208,060 


275,002 


+ 32.2 


533,213 


1,222,527 


+ 129.3 


Suspicion (not included in totals) 


36,041 


11,575 


-67.9 


9,509 


2,494 


-73.8 


26,532 


9,081 


-65.8 






















Runaways 


164,008 


121.821 


-25.7 


164.008 


121,821 


-25.7 

















^Property c 
^Includes a 



165 



Table 26.— Total Arrest Trends, Sex, 1972-1981 

[7,933 agencies; 1981 estimated population 172,784,000] 



Percent 
change 



Percent 
change 



Percent 

change 



TOTAL 

Murder and nonnegligent 

manslaughter 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary 

Larceny-theft 

Motor vehicle theft 

Violent crime' 

Property crime' 

Crime Index total' 

Other assaults 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. 

Prostitution and commercialized 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape 
and prostitution) 

Drug abuse violations 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and 

children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) . 
Suspicion (not included in totals) . . 
Curfew and loitering law violations 
Runaways 



10,301 
15,455 
84,435 
109,418 
237,862 
392,985 
88,601 
7,705 



219,180 
26,651 
56,362 



53,614 
99,493 
91,717 



35,647 
287,063 
47,798 



617.732 
26,643 
82,384 
71,123 



14,025 
24,490 
115,932 
192,191 
378,379 
703,622 
90.719 
14,037 



1,426 
3,125 
26,767 



1,315 
3,650 
34.187 
26.730 
161,640 
257,420 
36,116 
6,212 



5,810 
16,380 
12,831 
165,002 
5,177 
864 



2,057 
223 
8,805 
28,003 
25,193 
288,970 
8,925 
1,791 



312 

2.258 
3,494 
6,257 
77,246 
2,891 
459 



10,879 
90,818 
4,244 



338,683 

45,500 

140,447 

5,085 



50.688 
419,661 

28,972 



308,633 
839,037 
546,402 
17,853 
,266,047 
10,006 
64,339 
56,770 



+ 54.5 
f 70.7 
■149.2 
+ 17.2 



39,651 
2,572 
2,400 



17,071 
71,610 
14,769 



51,364 
27,536 
88,585 

4,144 
158,011 

7,720 
82,384 



53,694 
4,956 
9,750 



8,858 
66,722 
1,085 



20,953 

87,858 
27,237 
84,982 

2,440 
219.889 

2,044 
64,339 
56,770 



+ 92.7 
+ 306.3 
+ 99.6 



+ 19.2 
+4.9 
-19.9 



34,818 
8,386 
24,116 



3,745 
52,087 
5,030 



32,719 

24,021 
78,102 
70,887 
18,633 
123,541 
9.398 
19,283 
92,885 



55,838 

21,622 

100,740 

2,012 

11,173 
17,000 
10,136 



55,269 
72,798 
98,507 



+ 60.4 
+ 157.8 
+ 317.7 



+ 130.1 
-6.8 
+ 39.0 
-83.3 
+ 87.4 
-83.3 
-8.7 
-30.0 



12,421 
4,582 
19,024 



26,436 
4,406 
16,865 



'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
'Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. 
'Includes arson. 



rable 27.— Total Arrest Trends, 1977-1981 

10,461 agencies; 1981 estimated population 198,743,000] 



Number of persons arrested 



Percent 
change 



Under 18 years of age 



Percent 



18 years of age and over 



Percent 



TOTAL 

iurder and nonnegligent 
manslaughter 

Jobbery 

aggravated assault 

lurglary 

.arceny-theft 

dotor vehicle theft 

Violent crime' 

Property crime' 

Cnme Index total' 

)ther assaults 

brgery and counterfeiting 

imbezzlement 

tolen property; buying, receiving, 
possessing 

I'eapons; carrying, possessing, etc. ... 

rostitution and commercialized vice 
ex offenses (except forcible rape and 

prostitution) 

)rug abuse violations 

iambling 

Pffenses against family and children . 
driving under the influence 

.iquor laws 

drunkenness 

lisorderly conduct 

'agrancy 

Jl other offenses (except traffic) . . . . 

uspicion (not included in totals) 

!urfew and loitering law violations . . 
unaways 

'Violent crimes £ 
'Property crimes 
'Includes arson. 



981,766 
131,567 
15,989 



389,235 

65,006 

209,540 

6,332 

101,493 
191,310 
133,012 



306,966 
1,181,992 
604,203 
43,581 
1,431,736 
22,408 
84,233 
179,927 



19,675 
28,659 
142.525 
252,567 
462,365 
1.134,652 
115,841 
17,999 



38,754 
35,317 
228,198 



1,817 
4,295 
41,239 
35,603 
197,235 
394,328 
46,607 
7,691 



15,056 
20,871 
81,632 
179,097 
213,004 
560,004 
61,723 
7,999 



17,858 
24,364 
101,286 
216,964 
265,130 
740,324 
69,234 
10,308 



439,507 

77.342 

262,134 

7,710 

116,204 
213.039 
160.357 

100,628 

63,785 
550,336 
39,990 
49,173 
1,318,478 

393.709 
1,028,538 
717,112 
29,682 
1,700,124 
14,965 
86,088 
139,671 



74,717 
8,487 
22,245 



33,520 
115,432 
21,404 

3.273 

10,927 
128,864 
2,159 
3,029 
23,739 

115,136 
48,673 
117,221 
5,512 
300,122 
5.819 
84,233 
179,927 



75,032 

8,030 

13,842 

731 

31.327 
101.242 
23.968 



124,626 
35,181 
111.275 
3,347 
306,434 
3,063 
86,088 
139,671 



314,518 

56,519 

187,295 

5,583 



191,830 
.133,319 
486,982 



364,475 

69,312 

248,292 

6,979 

84,877 
111,797 
136,389 



269,083 
993,357 
605,837 
26,335 
,393,690 
11,902 



+ 22.6 

+ 32.6 
+ 25.0 

+ 24.9 
+ 47.3 
+ 22.2 



+ 40.3 
-12.3 

+24.4 
-30.8 

+ 23.2 
-28.3 



167 



Table 28.— Total Arrest Trends, Sex, 1977-1981 

[10,461 agencies; 1981 estimated population 198,743,000] 





Males 


Females 


Offense charged 


Total 


Under 18 


Total 


Under 18 




1977 


1981 


Percent 
change 


1977 


1981 


Percent 
change 


1977 


1981 


Percent 
change 


1977 


1981 


Percent 
change 




7,323,750 


8,096,750 


+ 10.6 


1,655,205 


1,529,999 


-7.6 


1,405,942 


1,571,140 


+ 11.7 


451,802 


393,877 


•12.8 






Murder and nonnegligent 


14.258 
24,745 
111,447 
186,752 
414,566 
669,579 
120,882 
14,191 


17.191 
28,402 
132,300 
220,560 
433,517 
803,386 
105,504 
15,935 


+ 20.6 
+ 14.8 
+ 18.7 
+ 18.1 

+ 4.6 
+ 20.0 

-12.7 
+ 12.3 


1,491 
4,041 
35,983 
30,058 
214,630 
302,530 
63,522 
7,259 


1,667 
4,228 
38.344 
30.018 
184.703 
291.087 
41,729 
6,987 


+ 11.8 
+ 4.6 
+ 6.6 

-13'9 
-3.8 

-34.3 
-3.7 


2,427 
270 
8.939 
27.662 
26.636 
312.187 
10,685 
1,798 


2,484 
257 
10,225 
32,007 
28,848 
331,266 
10,337 
2.064 


+ 2.3 

A.i 

+ 14.4 

+ 15.7 

-3^3 
+ 14.8 


138 

103 

2,771 

5,259 

13,568 

119,232 

6,322 

731 


150 

67 

2.895 

5.585 

12.532 

103.241 

4,878 

704 




Forcible rape 

Robbery 


-35.0 

+ 4.5 
+ 6 2 


Burglary 

Larceny-theft 

Motor vehicle theft 


-7.6 
■13.4 
-22 8 


Arson 


-3.7 


Violent crime' 


337,202 
1,219,218 


398,453 
1,358,342 


+ 18.2 
+ 11.4 


71,573 
587,941 


74,257 
524,506 


+ 3.8 
-10.8 


39,298 
351,306 


44,973 
372.515 


+ 14.4 
+ 6.0 


8.271 
139.853 


8,697 
121,355 


+ 5 2 


Property crime' 


-13.2 


Crime Index total' 


1,556,420 


1,756,795 


+ 12.9 


659,514 


598,763 


-9.2 


390.604 


417,488 


+ 6.9 


148.124 


130,052 


-12.2 


Other assaults 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud .... 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property, buying, receiving, 

possessing 
Vandalism 
Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized 


335,379 

45,883 

134,924 

4,880 

90,554 
175,179 
122,307 

22,229 

53,854 
475,420 
47,086 

44,941 
976,196 

261,175 
1,096,951 
499,856 
28,402 
1,210,039 
19,223 
65,957 
76,118 


377,229 

52,482 

153,763 

5,481 

103,593 
193,992 
148.251 

26,210 

58,985 
477,267 
36,216 

44,023 
1,185,894 

333,625 
946,749 
604,898 
24,877 
1,434,317 
12,917 
67,261 
64,842 


+ 12.5 
+ 14.4 
+ 14.0 
+ 12.3 

+ 14.4 
+ 10.7 
+ 21.2 

+ 17.9 

+ 9.5 
+ .4 
-23.1 

-2.0 
+ 21.5 

+ 27.7 
-13.7 

+ 21.0 
-12.4 

+ 18.5 
-32.8 
+ 2.0 
-14.8 


59,318 

6,124 

17,612 

587 

30,596 
106,759 
20,050 

1,024 

9,851 

107,770 

2,050 

1,871 
21,565 

90,246 
42,015 
95,400 

4,485 
236,293 

4,913 
65,957 
76,118 


59,157 

5,626 

10,502 

521 

28,550 
93,124 
22,549 

923 

9,847 
75,963 
1,268 

1,369 

23,533 

95,567 
30,252 
92,652 

2,776 
244,954 

2,534 
67,261 
64.842 


-.3 
-8.1 
-40.4 
-11.2 

-6.7 
-12.8 
+ 12.5 

-9.9 

(*) 
-29.5 
-38.1 

-26.8 
+ 9.1 

+ 5.9 
-28.0 
-2.9 
-38.1 
+ 3.7 
-48.4 
+ 2.0 
-14.8 


53.856 
19,123 
74,616 
1,452 

10,939 
16,131 
10,705 

54,219 

5,273 
76,723 
4,582 

5,226 
88,353 

45,791 

85.041 
104.347 

15.179 

221.697 

3.185 

18.276 
103.809 


62,278 

24,860 

108,371 

2,229 

12.611 
19,047 
12.106 

74.418 

4.800 
73,069 
3,774 

5,150 
132,584 

60,084 
81,789 
112,214 
4,805 
265,807 
2,048 
18,827 
74.829 


+ 15.6 
+ 30.0 
+ 45.2 
+ 53.5 

+ 15.3 
+ 18.1 
+ 13.1 

+ 37.3 

-9.0 
-4.8 
-17.6 

-1.5 
+ 50.1 

+ 31.2 
-3.8 
+ 7.5 
-68.3 

+ 19.9 
-35.7 
+ 3.0 
-27.9 


15.399 

2.363 

4.633 

162 

2.924 
8.673 
1.354 

2.249 

1.076 

21.094 

109 

1.158 
2,174 

24.890 
6.658 
21.821 
1.027 
63.829 
906 
18,276 
103.809 


15,875 

2,404 

3,340 

210 

2,777 
8,118 
1,419 

2,053 

732 

14,697 

69 

973 
2,840 

29,059 
4,929 
18,623 

571 
61,480 

529 
18,827 
74,829 


+ 3.1 
+ 1.7 
-27.9 
+ 29.6 

-5.0 
-6.4 
+ 4.8 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape 
and prostitution) 


-32.0 


Gambling 

Offenses against family and 

children 


-36.7 
-16.0 


Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 


+ 16.7 
-26.0 
-14.7 


All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion (not included in totals) 

Curfew and loitering law violations ... 


-3.7 
-41.6 
+ 3.0 







'Violent crime is offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
'Property crime is offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson 

•Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 



Table 29.— ToUl Arrest Trends, 1980-1981 

[11,578 agencies; 1981 estimated population 206,702.000] 





Number of persons arrested 


OfTense charged 


Total all ages 


Under 15 years of age 


Under 18 years of age 


.18 years of age and over 




1980 


1981 


Percent 
change 


1980 


1981 


Percent 
change 


1980 


1981 


Percent 
change 


1980 


1981 


Percent 
change 


TOTAL 


9.557,157 


10,041,668 


+ 5.1 


5H200 


609,222 


+ 2.5 


1,991,326 


1,994,047 


+ .1 


7,565,831 


8,047,621 


+ 6.4 




Murder and nonnegligenl 

manslaughter 
Forcible rape 
Robbery 

Aggidvaied assault 
Burglary 
Larccnv-theft 
Motor vehicle theft 
Arson 


18,591 
29,071 
138,730 
254,449 
473,703 
1,109,103 
128,075 
18,242 


20,077 
29.538 
145.460 

479^487 

1.173.623 

119.707 

18.916 


+ 8.0 
+ 1.6 

+ 2.6 
+ 1.2 
+ 5.8 
■6.5 

+ 3.7 


193 
I.04I 
9.919 
9.870 
72.446 
165.208 
14.265 
4.630 


204 
1,174 
10,117 
10,258 
70,307 
168,346 
11,658 
4,917 


+ 5.7 
+ 12.8 
+ 2.0 
+ 3.9 
-3.0 
+ 1.9 
-18.3 
+ 6.2 


1.726 
4.294 
41.800 
37.560 
212.499 
414.641 
57.949 
8.046 


1.846 
4.389 
41.697 
36.652 
204.584 
408.699 
48.460 
8.053 


+ 7.0 
+ 2.2 
-.2 
-2.4 
-3.7 
■1.4 
-16.4 


16.865 
24.777 
96.930 
216.889 
26I.2M 
694.462 
70.126 
10.196 


18,231 
25,149 
103,763 
224,428 
274,903 
764,924 
71.247 
10.863 


+ l'5 
+ 7.0 
+ 3.5 
+ 5.2 
+ 10.1 
+ 1.6 
+ 6.5 


Violent cnme- .. 
Property crime' 


440,841 
1.729,123 


456.155 
1.791.733 


+ 3.5 
+ 3.6 


21.023 
256.549 


21,753 
255,228 


+ 3.5 
-.5 


85.380 
693.135 


84,584 
669,796 


-.9 

-3.4 


355.461 
1,035.988 


371.571 
1.121.937 


+ 4.5 
+ 8.3 


Crime Index total" 


2,169,964 


2.247.888 


+ 3.6 


277.572 


276.981 


-2 


778.515 


754,380 


-3.1 


1.391.449 


1,493,508 


+ 7.3 


Other assaults 


452,040 

71,765 

257,836 

7,766 

114,155 
230,459 

156,019 

85,704 

62,727 
526,404 
46,951 

48,630 
1,283,534 

417,938 
1,043,229 

711,446 

29,153 

1,634,368 

16,529 

65,630 
141,439 


455,184 

79,671 

267,060 

7,993 

120,420 
223,538 

167,321 

102.373 

66.940 
573,216 
40.463 

49.603 
1.384.115 

442.560 
1.064.129 

732.603 

31.496 

1.753.573 

14.977 

89.201 
142.321 


+ .7 
+ 11.0 
+ 3.6 
+ 2.9 

+ 5.5 
-3.0 

+ 7.2 

+ 19.4 

+ 6.7 
+ 8.9 
-13.8 

+ 2.0 
+ 7.8 

+ 5.9 
+ 2.0 
+ 3.0 
+ 8.0 

+ 7.3 

-9.4 

+ 35.9 
+ .6 


27.693 
1,410 
1,307 

9,234 
53,993 

5,521 

290 

4,101 

14,037 

209 

949 
587 

9,338 
3,962 

29,856 
925 

79,008 

912 

15,164 
58,903 


27.678 

1.436 

4.613 

161 

8.935 
52.502 

6.196 

279 

4.290 

13.555 

156 

1.362 
542 

9.312 
3.257 

30.076 
886 

88.000 

865 

21,223 
57,782 


-.1 

+ 1.8 

+ 252.9 

+ 14.2 

-3.2 
-2.8 

+ 12.2 

-3.8 

+ 4.6 
-3.4 
-25.4 

+ 43.5 
-7.7 

-.3 

-17.8 

+ .7 

-4.2 

+ 11.4 

-5.2 

+ 40.0 
-1.9 


80.667 

9.247 

7.359 

879 

34.149 
113.905 

23.731 

3.072 

10.927 
99.284 
1.737 

1.953 
29,094 

138.002 
42.375 
117.652 
3.975 
287.734 

3,472 

65,630 
141.439 


78,001 

8,411 

14,021 

798 

32,465 
105,920 

25,030 

2,931 

11,058 
94,391 
1,341 

2.364 
27.917 

136.038 
37,130 
114,094 
3,534 
312,701 

3,090 

89.201 
142.321 


-3.3 

-9.0 

+ 90.5 

■9.2 

-4.9 
-7.0 

+ 5.5 

-4,6 

+ 1.2 
4.9 
-22.8 

+ 21.0 
■4.0 

-1.4 
-12.4 

-3.0 
-11.1 

+ 8.7 

-11.0 

+ 35.9 
+ .6 


371.373 

62.518 

250.477 

6.887 

80.006 
116.554 

132.288 

82.632 

51.800 
427.120 
45,214 

46,677 
1,254,440 

279.936 
1.000.854 

593,794 

25,178 

1,346,634 

13,057 


377,183 

71,260 

253,039 

7,195 

87,955 
117,618 

142,291 

99.442 

55.882 
478.825 
39,122 

47.239 
1.356.198 

306.522 
1.026.999 

618.509 

27.962 

1.440.872 

11,887 


+ 1.6 
+ 14 


Fraud 

embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, 
receiving, possessing 


+ 1.0 
+ 4.5 

+ 9.9 
+ .9 

+ 76 


Weapons; carrying, possessing. 


Prostitution and commercialized 
vice 


+ 20 3 


Sex offenses (except forcible 
rape and prostitution) 


+ 7.9 
+ 12 1 






Offenses against family and 
children 


+ 1 2 


Driving under the influence 

Liquorlaws 


+ 8.1 

+ 9.5 
+ 26 


Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 
Suspicion (not included in 

totals) 

Curfew and loitering law 


+ 4.2 
+ 11.1 
+ 7.0 

-9.0 


Runaways 

















'Violent cr 
'Property c 
^Includes a 



Table 30.— Total Arrest Trends, Sex, 1980-1981 

[11,578 agencies; 1981 estimated population 206,702,000] 





Males 


Females 


Offense charged 


Total 


Under 18 


Total 


Under 18 




1980 


1981 


Percent 
change 


1980 


1981 


Percent 
change 


1980 


1981 


Percent 
change 


1980 


1981 


Percent 
change 


TOTAL 


8,046.895 


8,419,034 


+ 4.6 


1,583,089 


1,586,973 


+ .2 


1,510,262 


1,622,634 


+ 7.4 


408,237 


407,074 


-J 






Murder and nonnegligent 


16,229 
28,805 
128,724 
222,865 
444,453 
788,172 
117,011 
16,059 


17,544 
29,268 
134,998 
228,215 
449,461 
832,060 
109,026 
16,748 


+ 8.1 
+ 1.6 

+ 2.4 
+ 1.1 
+ 5.6 
-6.8 
+ 4.3 


1,591 
4,216 
38,906 
31,835 
198,937 
307,098 
52,127 
7,220 


1,691 
4,318 
38,746 
30,945 
191,577 
302,115 
43,364 
7,313 


+ 6.3 
+ 2.4 

-2^8 
-3.7 
-1.6 
-16.8 
+ 1.3 


2,362 
266 
10,006 
31,584 
29.250 
320.931 
11,064 
2,183 


2,533 
270 
10,462 
32,865 
30,026 
341,563 
10,681 
2,168 


+ 7.2 
+ 1.5 
+ 4.6 

+ 1.1 

+ 6.4 

-3.5 

-.7 


135 

78 

2,894 

5,725 

13,562 

107,543 

5,822 

826 


155 

71 

2,951 

5,707 

13.007 

106,584 

5,096 

740 


+ 14.8 


Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary 


-9.0 

+ 2.0 

-.3 

-4.1 






Arson 


-10.4 




396,623 
1,365,695 


410,025 
1,407,295 


+ 3.4 
+ 3.0 


76,548 
565,382 


75,700 
544,369 


-1.1 
-3.7 


44,218 
363,428 


46,130 
384,438 


+4.3 
+ 5.8 


8,832 
127,753 


8,884 
125,427 






-1 i 






Crime Index total' 


1,762,318 


1,817,320 


+ 3.1 


641,930 


620,069 


-3.4 


407,646 


430,568 


+ 5.6 


136,585 


134,311 


-1.7 


Other assaults 


389,240 

49,441 

151,029 

5,542 

102,221 
210,596 

144,831 

26,130 

58,084 
455,744 
42,196 

43,487 
1,162,270 

355,026 
963,362 
600,938 
25,062 

1,390,129 

14,212 

50,201 
59,048 


390,899 
54,109 
157,133 

5,718 

107,391 
203,557 

154,809 

27,056 

61,688 
497,558 
36,602 

44,322 
1,244,379 

375,203 
979,541 
618,510 
26,488 

1,481,061 

12,920 

69,663 
66,027 


+ .4 
+ 9.4 
+ 4.0 
+ 3.2 

+ 5.1 

-3.3 

+ 6.9 

+ 3.5 

+ 6.2 
+ 9.2 
-13.3 

+ 1.9 

+ 7.1 

+ 5.7 
+ 1.7 
+ 2.9 
+ 5.7 

+ 6.5 

-9.1 

+ 38.8 
+ 11.8 


63,702 

6,502 

5,273 

641 

31,126 
104,869 

22,376 

941 

10,160 
82,846 
1,656 

1,236 
26,092 

106,855 
36,493 
96,845 
3,390 

230,907 

2,840 

50,201 
59,048 


61,507 

5,864 

10,638 

586 

29.583 
97,356 

23,549 

10,259 
79,168 
1,272 

1,387 
24,867 

104,357 
31,891 
94,997 
2,943 

250,110 

2,548 

69,663 
66,027 


-3.4 

-9.8 

+ 101.7 

-8.6 

-5.0 
-7.2 

+ 5.2 

-6.5 

+ 1.0 
-4.4 
-23.2 

+ 12.2 
-4.7 

-2.3 
-12.6 

-1.9 
-13.2 

+ 8.3 

-10.3 

+ 38.8 
+ 11.8 


62,800 

22,324 

106,807 

2,224 

11,934 
19,863 

11,188 

59,574 

4,643 
70,660 

4,755 

5,143 
121,264 

62,912 

79,867 

110,508 

4,091 

244,239 

2,317 

15.429 
82.391 


64,285 
25,562 
109,927 

2,275 

13.029 
19,981 

12.512 

75,317 

5,252 
75,658 
3,861 

5,281 
139,736 

67,357 

84,588 

114,093 

5,008 

272,512 

2,057 

19,538 
76,294 


+ 2.4 
+ 14.5 
+ 2.9 

+ 2.3 

+ 9.2 
+ .6 

+ 26.4 

+ 13.1 
+ 7.1 
-18.8 

+ 2.7 
+ 15.2 

+ 7.1 
+ 5.9 
+ 3.2 
+ 22.4 

-11.2 

+ 26.6 

-7.4 


16,965 

2,745 

2,086 

238 

3,023 
9.036 

1,355 

2.131 

767 

16.438 

81 

717 
3,002 

31,147 

5,882 

20,807 

585 

56,827 

632 

15,429 
82,391 


16,494 

2,547 

3,383 

212 

2,882 
8,564 

1,481 

2,051 

799 

15,223 

69 

977 
3.050 

31,681 

5,239 

19,097 

591 

62,591 

542 

19,538 
76.294 


-2 8 


Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, 

receiving, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing. 


-7.2 
+ 62.2 
-10.9 

A.l 
-5.2 


Prostitution and commercialized 




Sex offenses (except forcible 


+ 42 




-7 4 


Gamblmg 

Offenses against family and 
children 


-14.8 
+ 36 3 


Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 


+ 1.6 

+ 1.7 
-109 


Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except 

traffic) 

Suspicion (not included in 

totals) 

Curfew and loitering law 


-8.2 
+ 1.0 

+ 10.1 

-14.2 


Runaways 


-7.4 



'Violent cr 
"Property c 
'Includes a 



170 



rable 31.— Total Arrests, Distribution by Age, 1981 
12.811 agencies; 1981 estimated population 214,369,000] 





Total 
aU 
ages 


Ages 

under 

15 


Ages 

under 

18 


Ages 
18 and 


Age 




Under 
10 


10-12 


13-14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 




10,293,575 
100.0 


623,018 
6.1 


2,035,748 
19.8 


8^57,827 
80J 


53,931 
.5 


153,993 
1.5 


415,094 
4.0 


375,216 
3.6 


483,674 

4.7 


553,840 

5.4 


596,937 
5.8 


583,158 

5.7 


559,738 

5.4 


526,159 
5.1 






Murder and nonnegligent 

manslaughter 

orcible rape 


20,432 
30,050 
147,396 
266,948 
489,533 
1,197,845 
122,188 
19„362 


205 
1,193 
10,250 
10,458 
71,782 
172,064 
11,913 
5,014 


1,858 
4,449 
42,214 
37,332 
208,650 
417,346 
49,449 
8,210 


18,574 
25,601 
105,182 
229,616 
280,883 
780,499 
72,739 
11,152 


8 

56 
271 
826 
5,874 
16,870 
244 
1,422 


2^1 
2.016 
2,542 
18,581 
51,020 
1,585 
1,533 


170 
924 
7.963 
7.090 
47.327 
104.174 
10.084 
2,059 


305 
857 
8.563 
6,529 
40,591 
74,135 
11,552 
1,062 


533 
1,115 
11,228 
9,202 
47,639 
84,078 
13,413 
1,051 


815 
1.284 
12,173 
11,143 
48,638 
87,069 
12,571 
1,083 


1.024 
1,499 
12,264 
12,028 
42,453 
79,402 
9,861 
928 


1,064 
1,600 
10,854 
12,588 
33,702 
66,207 
8,056 
792 


934 
1,706 
9,651 
12,927 
27,284 
57,179 
6,721 
728 


1,059 
1,660 
8,946 


obbery 


urglary 

arceny-theft 


23.154 
49,962 

5.773 








Violent crime' 


464,826 

100.0 

1,828,928 

100.0 


22,106 

4.8 

260,773 

14.3 


85,853 

18-5 

683,655 

37.4 


378,973 

81,5 

1,145,273 

62.6 


1.161 

.2 

24,410 

1.3 


4,798 

I.O 

72,719 

4.0 


16,147 

3.5 

163,644 

8.9 


16,254 

3.5 

127,340 

7.0 


22,078 

4.7 

146,181 

8.0 


25,415 

5.5 

149,361 

8.2 


26,815 

5.8 

132,644 

73 


26,106 
5.6 

108,757 
5.9 


25,218 
5.4 

91,912 
5.0 


25,136 

5.4 

79,536 

4.3 




Property crime' 




Crime Index total' 

Percent distribution' 


2,293,754 
100.0 


282,879 
12.3 


769,508 
33.5 


1,524,246 
66.5 


25,571 
1.1 


77,517 
3.4 


179.791 
7.8 


143,594 
6.3 


168,259 
7.3 


174,776 
7.6 


159,459 
7.0 


134,863 
5.9 


117,130 
5.1 


104.672 
4.6 


hher assaults 


466,359 

81,429 

272,900 

8,170 

122,452 
228,849 

170,660 

103,134 

68,365 
586,646 
40,959 

51,908 
1,422,342 

453,356 

1,088,875 

748,603 

31,706 

1,801,740 
15,468 

90,599 
145,301 


28,163 

1,468 

4,639 

162 

9,074 
53,908 

6,294 

311 

4,386 

13,812 

160 

1,378 
552 

9,469 

3,295 

30.603 

899 

90,106 
880 

21,519 
59,061 


79,259 

8,625 

14,158 

824 

33,003 
108.555 

25,422 

3,030 

11,291 
96,231 
1,371 

2,399 
28,602 

138,503 

37,748 

115,803 

3,590 

318,752 
3,174 

90,599 
145,301 


387,100 

72,804 

258,742 

7,346 

89,449 
120,294 

145,238 

100,104 

57.074 
490,415 
39,588 

49,509 
1,393,740 

314,853 

1,051,127 

632,800 

28,116 

1,482,988 
12.294 


2,464 
47 
87 

387 
8,884 

278 

13 

341 

179 

5 

875 
146 

143 

183 

2,363 

38 

8,431 
96 

634 
2,759 


7,473 
318 
741 
38 

1,864 
17,722 

1,271 

48 

1,051 

1,436 

14 

203 
71 

701 

311 

7,524 

181 

20.638 
178 

3,825 
10,868 


18.226 

1,103 

3,811 

117 

6,823 
27,302 

4,745 

250 

2,994 

12,197 

141 

300 
335 

8,625 

2,801 

20,716 

680 

61,037 
606 

17,060 
45,434 


14,366 

1.534 

4.599 

95 

6,449 
17,419 

4,654 

409 

1,994 

16,880 

204 

282 
925 

18,148 

4,994 

20,240 

677 

59,513 
616 

18,937 
38,687 


16.803 

2.2M 
1,854 
217 

8,241 
18,791 

6,419 

765 

2,377 

27,854 

393 

375 
6,888 

42,519 

10,160 

27,374 

928 

80,988 
748 

27,203 
32.314 


19,927 
3,419 
3,066 
350 

9,239 
18,437 

8,055 

1,545 

2,534 

37,685 

614 

364 
20,237 

68,367 
19,299 
37,586 
1,086 

88,145 
930 

22,940 
15,239 


20,486 
4,215 
6,324 
411 

9,506 
14,700 

9,334 

4,789 

2,668 

45,809 

828 

1,630 
47,317 

74,199 
38,784 
47,029 
1,838 

106,586 
1,025 


21,836 

4.664 

8,868 

433 

8,704 
12,212 

9,224 

7,681 

2,823 

46,446 

998 

1,757 
60,768 

60,840 
43.875 
46,078 
1,711 

108,518 
859 


22,906 

4,804 

11,627 

410 

7,251 
10,782 

8,827 

8,880 

3,045 
45,588 
1,081 

1,932 
68,356 

45,913 
45,907 
46,073 
1,707 

106,618 
901 


23,641 

4,577 

12,286 

391 

6,689 
9,367 


orgery and counterfeiting 

raud 

mbezzlement 

tolen property; buying, 

receiving, possessing 

'andalism 

Veapons; carrying. 


restitution and 


11.166 


ex offenses (except forcible 


rug abuse violations 

ambling 

ffenses against family and 

children 

riving under the influence 

iquor laws 

Xrunkenness 


42,636 

1,225 

2,107 
74,047 

18,285 
51,435 
45,933 
1,872 

102,987 
888 


agrancy 

11 other offenses (except 

traffic) 

uspicion 

urfew and loitering law 
violations 













See footnotes at end of table. 



171 



Table 31.— Total Arrests, Distribution by Age, 1981— Continued 















Ag 














Offense charged 
























65 and 




22 


23 


24 


25-29 


30-34 


35-39 


40-^ 


45-49 


50-54 


55-59 


60-64 


TOTAL 


470,350 


441,176 


416,156 


1,554,010 


1,027,644 


641,520 


447,549 


330,121 


263,202 


187,143 


111,945 


101,019 


Percent distribution' 


4.6 


4.3 


4.0 


15.1 


10.0 


6.2 


4.3 


3.2 


2.6 


1.8 


1.1 


1 






Murder and nonnegligent 


























manslaughter 


983 


972 


935 


3,902 


2.697 


1,657 


1,101 


784 


518 


404 


230 


310 


Forcible lape 


1,616 


1.501 


1.562 


5.739 


3.640 


2,150 


1,217 


746 


426 


262 


134 


143 


Robbery 


7,858 


6.832 


6.188 


21,901 


11.135 


4,651 


2,316 


1,164 


678 


369 


177 


198 


Aggravated assault 


12,817 


12.155 


12.034 


48.187 


32,721 


21.270 


13,926 


9.501 


6,621 


4,284 


2,542 


2.544 


Burglary 


19,542 


17.055 


15.237 


50,359 


25.876 


11.785 


6,064 


3.467 


2,106 


1,328 


728 


743 


Larceny-thcfl 


43,586 


40.013 


36.954 


141,934 


91,205 


51.636 


34,630 


24,820 


20,710 


16,242 


11,172 


14,847 


Motor vehicle theft 


4,974 


4,484 


3,877 


13,350 


7.185 


3.648 


2.094 


1,207 


708 


388 


180 


233 


Arson ... 


615 


577 


547 


2,073 


1,436 


951 


658 


498 


303 


182 


105 


112 


Violent cnme" 


23,274 


21,460 


20.719 


79,729 


50,193 


29,728 


18.560 


12.195 


8,243 


5,319 


3,083 


3.195 


Percent distnbution' 


5.0 


4.6 


4.5 


17.2 


10.8 


6.4 


4.0 


2.6 


1.8 


1.1 


.7 


.7 


Property crime' 


68,717 


62,129 


56.615 


207.716 


125,702 


68,020 


43,446 


29,992 


23,827 


18,140 


12.185 


15.935 


Percent distnbution' 


3.8 


3.4 


3.1 


11.4 


6.9 


3.7 


2.4 


1.6 


1.3 


1.0 


.7 


.9 


Crime Index total* 


91,991 


83.589 


77,334 


287,445 


175,895 


97,748 


62,006 


42,187 


32,070 


23,459 


15,268 


19,130 


Percent distribution' 


4.0 


3.6 


3.4 


12.5 


7.7 


4.3 


2.7 


1.8 


1.4 


1.0 


.7 


.8 


Other assaults 


22.306 


21,642 


21,463 


82,901 


56,283 


34,676 


22,485 


14,525 


9,735 


5,996 


3,217 


3,002 


Forgery and counterfeiting 


4,306 


4,197 


4,439 


17,581 


11,355 


5,460 


3,151 


1,830 


1,094 


591 


279 


261 


Fraud ... 


12,967 


13,481 


14.135 


60.086 


46,995 


29,661 


18,146 


10,548 


6,516 


3.750 


1,936 


1.416 


Embezzlement 


431 


350 


383 


1,476 


1,144 


788 


445 


324 


175 


110 


46 


29 




























possessmg 


5,758 


5,168 


4.780 


17,192 


10,323 


5,492 


3,284 


2.109 


1.482 


882 


425 


404 


Vandalism 


7,740 


6,999 


6,471 


21,732 


12,575 


7,008 


4,132 


2.563 


1.665 


1.084 


567 


697 


Weapons; carrymg. 


























possessing etc 


8,087 


7,809 


7,507 


29,576 


19.858 


12.401 


7.989 


5.536 


4,148 


2,746 


1,658 


1,642 


Prostitution and commercialized 




























9.681 


8,823 


7.609 


22,372 


9,303 


3,711 


2,000 


1,268 


952 


920 


607 




Sei offenses (except forcible rape 






2 733 


2 871 


2 665 


10 807 


8 240 


5 612 


3 921 


2 686 


2 196 


1 623 


1 052 


1 073 




























Gamblmg 


1,240 


1,346 


1.308 


5,644 


5,017 


4,299 


3,818 


3,595 


3,047 


2,494 


1,690 


1,958 


Offenses against family and 


























chUdren 


2.250 


2,388 


2.667 


11,497 


9,431 


6,237 


3,573 


1.952 


1,146 


487 


228 


227 


Driving under the influence 


70 001 


68 456 


65 385 


262 409 


193 108 


136 755 


103,829 


81,388 


65,871 


47,054 


26,998 


21,998 


Liquor laws 


13.572 


10.802 


9.390 


27,786 


15,619 


10,278 


7,706 


6,330 


5,123 


3,868 


2,397 


2,745 


Drunkenness 


46,253 


45.333 


42.978 


170,740 


131,672 


100,459 


85,097 


73,621 


68,385 


50,876 


30,953 


24,759 


Disorderly conduct 


40 606 


36 955 


33 595 


117 514 


73 530 


44 040 


30 843 


23 004 


18 816 


13 709 


8,195 


6,880 


Vagrancy 


1,599 


1.490 


1.444 


5,564 


3,674 


2,258 


1,475 


1,155 


946 


644 


412 


327 


All other offenses (except 


























traffic) 


90,463 


84,566 


80,121 


293,562 


188,352 


111,423 


72,409 


49,440 


36.059 


24.271 


14.457 


13,156 




























Curfew and loitering law 




















































R 



































'Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
•Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson 
•Includes arson. 



172 



'able 32.— Male Arrests, Distribution by Age, 1981 

12,811 agencies; 1981 estimated population 214,369.CXX)) 



Offense charged 


Total 
aU 
ages 


Ages 
under 

15 


Ages 

under 

18 


Ages 
18 and 
over 


Age 


Under 
10 


10-12 


13-14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 




8.633,408 
100.0 


4«0,4«7 
5.6 


1,619.878 
18.8 


7.013,530 
8U 


45.614 

.5 


125,132 
1.4 


309.721 
3.6 


284.519 
3J 


387,482 
4.5 


467,410 
5.4 


513,880 
6.0 


499,845 
5.8 


475,992 
5.5 


443,038 
5.1 






lurder and nonnegligent 


17,846 
29,772 
136,816 
233,323 
458,899 
849,783 
111,259 
17,143 


184 
1,162 
9,368 
8,543 
65,970 
127,195 
10,318 
4,585 


1,702 
4,378 
39,239 
31,530 
195,372 
308,539 
44,224 
7,458 


16,144 
25,394 
97,577 
201,793 
263,527 
541,244 
67,035 
9,685 


7 
55 
258 
742 
5,326 
13,807 
227 
1,336 


26 
208 
1,890 
2,171 
16,955 
38,564 
1,406 
1,431 


151 
899 
7,220 
5,630 
43,689 
74,824 
8,685 
1,818 


277 
843 
7,888 
5,340 
38,027 
53,432 
10,177 
939 


492 
1,103 
10.502 
7,805 
45,039 
62,218 
12,113 
942 


749 
1,270 
11,481 
9,842 
46.336 
65,694 
11,616 
992 


928 
1,488 
11,547 
10,672 
40,386 
59,921 
9,147 
843 


961 

1,579 
10,116 
11,144 
31,959 
49,356 

7,482 
730 


840 
1,692 
8,963 
11,387 
25,820 
41,798 
6,229 
661 


955 
1,645 
8,308 
11,873 
21,864 
35,893 
5,304 
588 


orcible rape 

obbery 

ggravated assault 

urglary 

arceny-theft 






Violent crime' 


417,757 

100.0 

1,437,084 

100.0 


19,257 

46 

208,068 

14.5 


76.849 

18.4 

555,593 

38.7 


340,908 
81.6 

881,491 
61.3 


1,062 

.3 

20,696 

1.4 


4,295 

1.0 

58,356 

4.1 


13,900 

3.3 

129,016 

9.0 


14,348 

3.4 

102,575 

7.1 


19,902 

4.8 

120,312 

8.4 


23,342 

5.6 

124,638 

8.7 


24,635 

5.9 

110,297 

7.7 


23,800 
5.7 

89,527 
6.2 


22,882 
5.5 

74,508 
5.2 


22,781 
5.5 

63,649 
4.4 








Crime Index total* 

Percent distribution' 


1,854,841 
100.0 


227,325 
12.3 


632,442 
34.1 


1,222,399 
65.9 


21,758 
1.2 


62,651 

3.4 


142,916 

7.7 


116,923 
6.3 


140,214 
7.6 


147,980 
8.0 


134,932 

7.3 


113,327 
6.1 


97,390 
5.3 


86,430 
4.7 




ther assaults 


400,508 

55,325 

160,413 

5,842 

109,238 
208,446 

157,891 

27,427 

63,060 
509,215 
37,061 

46,475 
1,279,294 

384,472 

1,002,571 

632,179 

26,672 

1,521,161 
13,343 

70,670 
67,304 


21,288 

1,061 

3,634 

141 

8.321 
49,579 

5,867 

113 

4,073 

10,650 

149 

742 
459 

5,676 

2,385 

24,403 

704 

69,581 
699 

16,311 
27,306 


62,492 

6,041 

10,734 

602 

30,091 
99,817 

23,924 

944 

10,473 
80,668 
1,301 

1,405 
25,481 

106,272 
32,430 
96,365 
2,989 

254,807 
2,626 

70,670 
67,304 


338.016 

49,284 

149,679 

5,240 

79,147 
108,629 

133,967 

26,483 

52,587 
428,547 
35,760 

45,070 
1,253,813 

278,200 
970,141 
535,814 
23,683 

1,266,354 
10,717 


2,112 
33 
71 

7 

361 
8,345 

268 

4 

299 
156 

5 

475 
134 

118 

140 

2,027 

36 

6,571 
79 

546 
2,069 


5,945 
245 
615 
31 

1,743 
16,380 

1,194 

32 

982 

1,076 

10 

126 
63 

442 

234 

6,256 

132 

17,180 
138 

3,180 
6,477 


13,231 

783 

2,948 

103 

6,217 
24,854 

4,405 

77 

2,792 

9,418 

134 

141 
262 

5,116 

2,011 

16,120 

536 

45,830 
482 

12,585 
18,760 


10,910 

1,073 

3,588 

75 

5,816 
15,891 

4,372 

144 

1,855 

13,658 

197 

161 
763 

12,344 

3,986 

16,317 

549 

45,096 
506 

14,197 
16,098 


13,480 
1,520 
1,348 
149 

7,471 
17,296 

6,057 

230 

2,202 
23,622 

374 

240 
6,060 

32,348 

8,647 

22,922 

787 

65,562 
624 

21,195 
15,134 


16,814 
2,387 
2,164 
237 

8,483 
17,051 

7,628 

457 

2,343 

32,738 

581 

262 
18,199 

55,904 

17,412 

32,723 

949 

74,568 
797 

18,967 
8,766 


17,549 

2,857 

4,070 

260 

8,691 
13,678 

8,828 

851 

2,423 

40,418 

772 

1,376 
42,701 

63,948 
35,602 
40,451 
1,528 

92,030 
915 


18,857 
3,146 
5,256 
279 

7,760 
11,262 

8,634 

1,315 

2,469 

40,866 

923 

1,549 
54,765 

53,839 
40,312 
39,495 
1,349 

93,696 
746 


19,785 
3,192 
6,736 
258 

6,485 
9,934 

8,208 

1,489 

2,667 

40,040 

980 

1,691 
61,544 

41.099 
42,231 
38,522 
1,311 

91,646 

784 


20,547 
2,965 
6,878 
260 

5,999 
8,613 

8,207 

1,690 

2,625 
37,388 
1,120 


orgery and counterfeiting 

raud 

mbezzlemeni 

olen property; buying, 

receivmg, possessing 

andalism 

tapons; carrying, 


restitution and 


ex offenses (except forcible 

rape and prostitution) 

rug abuse violations 

ambling 

ffenses against family and 


rivmg under the influence 

quor laws 

runkenness 

isorderly conduct 

agrancy 

Jl other offenses (except 

traffic) 

i^Pioon 


66.705 

16,491 
47,356 
37,919 
1,402 

87,827 
764 















See footnotes at end of table. 



173 



Table 32.-Male Arrests, Distribution by Age, 1981-Continued 






















Age 


Offense charged 


22 


23 


24 


25-29 


30-34 


35-39 


40-44 


45-49 


50-54 


55-59 


60-64 


65 and 


TOTAL 


394,329 
4.6 


369,140 
4.3 


348,832 
4,0 


1.306,981 
15.1 


872,429 
10.1 


544,314 
6J 


381,162 
4.4 


285,344 
3.3 


230,128 

2.7 


163,356 
1.9 


9736 


87,374 


Percent distnbution* 


1.0 






Murder and nonnegligent 


878 
1,605 
7,287 
11,306 
18,303 
30,923 
4,574 
543 


862 
1,494 
6,261 
10,708 
15,988 
27,930 
4,136 
507 


836 
1,547 
5,676 
10,588 
14,219 
25,762 
3,577 
460 


3,372 
5,697 
20,194 
42,346 
47,010 
97,427 
12,203 
1,777 


2,304 
3,605 
10,339 
28,665 
23,991 
62,589 
6,596 
1,237 


1,403 
2,127 
4333 
18,608 
10,863 
34,212 
3,327 
813 


901 
1,211 
2,142 
11,972 
5,494 
22,526 
1,929 
540 


650 
743 
1,072 
8,362 
3,145 
15,791 
1,112 
406 


436 
423 
644 
5,771 
1,916 
12,619 
672 
248 


339 

262 

350 

3,791 

1,230 

9,465 

370 

150 


201 
134 
170 

2,285 
655 

6,444 
169 
92 


278 


Forcible rape 

Robbery 


142 

175 

2,315 


Burglary 

Larceny-theft 

Motor vehicle theft 


684 
8,588 
208 


Arson 


90 


Violent crime' 


21,076 
5.0 

54,343 
3.8 


19,325 
46 

48,561 
3.4 


18,647 
4.5 

44,018 
3.1 


71,609 

17.1 

158,417 

11.0 


44,913 

10.8 

94,413 

6.6 


26,471 
6.3 

49,215 
3.4 


16,226 

3.9 

30,489 

2.1 


10,827 
2.6 

20,454 
1.4 


7,274 

1.7 

15,455 

1.1 


4,742 

11,215 
.8 


2,790 

.7 

7,360 

.5 


2,910 




7 






Percent distribution' 


.7 






Crime Index total* 


75,419 
41 


67,886 

3.7 


62,665 

3.4 


230,026 
12.4 


139,326 
7.5 


75,686 
4.1 


46,715 
2.5 


31,281 
1.7 


22,729 
1.2 


15,957 


10,150 
.5 


12,480 




7 






Other assaults 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 


19,509 

2,738 

7,169 

290 

5,087 
7,008 

7,437 

1,630 

2,328 
32,933 
1,115 

1,996 
62,912 

12,183 
42,453 
33,147 
1,233 

77,059 
683 


18,903 
2,708 
7,395 
248 

4,533 
6,346 

7,164 

1,551 

2,503 
29,707 
1,199 

2,122 
61,647 

9,738 
41,611 
30,248 

1,146 

71,868 
617 


18,758 
2,872 
7,821 
289 

4,187 
5,867 

6,915 

1,513 

2,357 
27,577 
1,177 

2,415 
58,916 

8,414 
39,366 
27,945 

1,121 

68,080 
577 


72,822 
11,742 
33,573 
1,057 

14,878 
19,395 

27,192 

5,807 

9,793 
91,662 
5,065 

10,500 
236,423 

24,720 

156,723 

99,020 

4,612 

249,584 
2,387 


49,528 

7,796 

26,424 

847 

8,984 
11,130 

18,227 

3,836 

7,753 
46,903 
4,470 

8,696 

173,742 

13,851 

121,207 

63,706 

3,278 

161,304 
1,421 


30,286 

3,741 

16,901 

582 

4,825 
6,094 

11,344 

2,233 

5,424 
19,467 
3,813 

5,798 
121,925 

8,925 
91,999 
37,931 

2,064 

94,561 
715 


19,494 

2,317 

11,048 

344 

2,890 
3,582 

7,280 

1,448 

3,827 
9,284 
3,412 

3,325 
91,828 

6,726 
77,955 
26,552 

1,375 

61,311 
449 


12,693 

1,398 

6,753 

248 

1,924 
2,209 

5,093 

1,059 

2,621 
4,949 
3,256 

1,831 
72,667 

5,615 
68,053 
20,170 

1,092 

42,172 
260 


8,531 
859 

4,447 
129 

1,344 
1,449 

3,815 

777 

2,161 
3,060 
2,754 

1,056 
59,618 

4,597 

64,079 

16,574 

892 

31,061 
196 


5,260 

483 

2,735 

87 

806 
938 

2,536 

602 

1,566 
2,164 
2,277 

453 
42,973 

3,453 

48,140 

11,521 

597 

20,702 
106 


2,835 

240 

1,471 

39 

385 
515 

1,546 

392 

1,003 
1,314 
1,563 

204 
24,963 

2,152 

29,304 

6,608 

376 

12,283 
43 


2,659 

230 

1,002 

23 


Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying. 


609 


Prostitution and commercialized 




Sex offenses (except forcible rape 


1,067 






Gambling 

Offenses against famUy and 


1,864 






Liquor laws 


2,449 


Disorderly conduct 


6,005 


Vagrancy 


307 


All other offenses (except 




Suspicion 


54 


Curfew and loitering law 




Runawavs 















'Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to totaJ. 

'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
"Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson 
'Includes arson. 



able 33.— Female Arrests, Distribution by Age, 1981 

2,811 agencies; 1981 estimated population 214.369.000] 



Offense charged 


Total 
all 
ages 


Ages 
under 

15 


Ages 
under 

18 


Ages 
18 and 


Age 


Under 
10 


10-12 


13-14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


TOTAL 


1,660,167 
100.0 


142,551 
8.6 


415,870 
25.0 


1,244,297 

75.0 


8,317 
.5 


28,861 
1.7 


105,373 
6.3 


90,697 

5.5 


96,192 
5.8 


86,430 

5.2 


83,057 
5.0 


83,313 
5.0 


83,746 
5.0 


83,121 
5.0 






urder and nonnegligent 


2,586 
278 
10,580 
33,625 
30,634 
348.062 
10,929 
2,219 


21 

31 

882 

1,915 

5,812 

44,869 

1.595 

429 


156 

71 
2.975 
5,802 
13,278 
108,807 
5,225 
752 


2.430 
207 
7.605 
27.823 
17.356 
239,255 
5,704 
1.467 


13 
84 
548 
3.063 
17 
86 


5 
126 
371 
1,626 
12,456 
179 
102 


19 

25 

743 

1.460 

3,638 

29,350 

1,399 

241 


28 

14 

675 

1,189 

2,564 

20,703 

1,375 

123 


41 

12 

726 

1,397 

2,600 

21,860 

1,300 

109 


66 

14 

692 

1,301 

2,302 

21,375 

955 

91 


96 

11 

717 

1,356 

2,067 

19,481 

714 

85 


103 

21 

738 

1,444 

1,743 

16,851 

574 

62 


94 

14 

688 

1,540 

1,464 

15,381 

492 

67 


104 

15 

638 

1.598 

1,290 

14,069 

469 

59 




obbery 








otor vehicle theft 








47,069 

100.0 

391,844 

100.0 


2,849 

6.1 

52,705 

13.5 


9,004 

19.1 

128,062 

32.7 


38.065 

80.9 

263.782 

67.3 


99 

3,714 
.9 


503 

1.1 

14.363 

3.7 


2.247 

4.8 

34.628 

8.8 


1.906 

4.0 

24,765 

6.3 


2,176 

4.6 

25,869 

6.6 


2.073 

24,723 
6.3 


2.180 

4.6 

22,347 

5.7 


2,306 

4.9 

19.230 

4.9 


2,336 

5.0 

17,404 


2,355 

5.0 

15.887 






Percent distribution^ 






Crime Indej total' 


438,913 
100.0 


55,554 
12,7 


137,066 
31.2 


301,847 


3.813 
.9 


14,866 
3.4 


36,875 
8.4 


26,671 
6.1 


28,045 
6.4 


26,796 
6.1 


24,527 
5.6 


21,536 
49 


19,740 
4.5 


18,242 
4.2 






65,851 

26,104 

112,487 

2,328 

13,214 
20,403 

12.769 

75,707 

5,305 
77,431 
3,898 

5,433 
143,048 

68,884 

86,304 

116,424 

5,034 

280,579 
2,125 

19,929 
77,997 


6,875 

407 

1,005 

21 

753 
4,329 

427 

198 

313 

3.162 

11 

636 
93 

3,793 
910 

6,200 
195 

20,525 
181 

5,208 
31.755 


16.767 
2,584 
3,424 
222 

2.912 
8.738 

1,498 

2.086 

818 

15.563 

70 

994 
3,121 

32,231 

5,318 

19,438 

601 

63,945 
548 

19,929 

77,997 


49,084 

23,520 

109,063 

2,106 

10.302 
11,665 

11,271 

73,621 

4,487 
61,868 
3,828 

4,439 
139,927 

36,653 
80,986 
96,986 
4,433 

216.634 

1.577 


352 
16 

26 
539 

10 

42 
23 

400 
12 

25 
43 
336 

2 

1.860 

17 

88 
690 


1.528 
73 
126 

7 

121 
1,342 

77 

16 

69 
360 

77 
8 

259 

77 

1,268 

49 

3.458 
40 

645 
4,391 


4,995 
320 
863 
14 

606 
2.448 

340 

173 

202 

2.779 

7 

159 
73 

3,509 
790 

4,596 
144 

15,207 
124 

4.475 
26.674 


3.456 

461 

1,011 

20 

633 
1,528 

282 

265 

139 

3.222 

7 

121 
162 

5,804 

1,008 

3,923 

128 

14,417 
110 

4,740 
22,589 


3.323 
684 
506 
68 

770 
1,495 

362 

535 

175 

4.232 

19 

135 
828 

10,171 

1,513 

4,452 

141 

15.426 
124 

6,008 
17.180 


3.113 
1,032 
902 
113 

756 
1,386 

427 

1,088 

191 

4.947 

33 

102 
2,038 

12,463 

1,887 

4,863 

137 

13,577 
133 

3.973 
6.473 


2,937 

1,358 

2,254 

151 

815 
1,022 

506 

3.938 

245 

5.391 

56 

254 
4,616 

10,251 

3,182 

6,578 

310 

14,556 
110 


2,979 

1,518 

3,612 

154 

944 
950 

590 

6.366 

354 
5.580 

75 

208 
6,003 

7,001 
3,563 
6,583 
362 

14,822 
113 


3,121 

1,512 

4,891 

152 

766 
848 

619 

7,391 

378 

5.548 

101 

241 
6,812 

4,814 
3,676 
7,551 
396 

14,972 
117 


3,094 

1,612 

5,408 

131 

690 

754 

689 

9,476 

434 

5,248 

105 

255 
7,342 

1,794 
4,079 
8,014 
470 

15,160 
124 


rgery and counterfeiting 

aud 

olen property; buying. 

receiving, possessing 

uidalism 


eapons; carrying, 


ostitution and 


X offenses (except forcible 


rug abuse violations 

unbling 

Tenses against family and 


riving under the influence 

quor laws 

•unlcenness 


1 other offenses (except 

raffle) 

spicion 


ufew and loitering law 


naways 













Table 33.— Female Arrests, Distribution by Age, 1981— Continued 






















Age 




'' 


23 


24 


25-29 


30-34 


35-39 


40-44 


45^9 


50-54 


55-59 


60-64 


65 and 




76,021 
4.6 


72,036 
4J 


67,324 
4.1 


247,029 
14.9 


155.215 
9J 


97,206 
5.9 


66,387 
4.0 


44,777 
2.7 


33,074 
2.0 


23,787 
1.4 


14,559 
S 












Murder and nonnegligent 

manslaughter 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 


105 

571 
1,511 
1,239 
12,663 
400 
72 


110 

7 

571 

1,447 

1,067 

12,083 

348 

70 


99 

15 

512 

1.446 

1,018 

11,192 

300 

87 


530 
42 
1,707 
5,841 
3,349 
44,507 
1,147 
296 


393 

35 

796 

4,056 

1,885 

28,616 

589 

199 


254 
23 
318 
2,662 
922 
17,424 
321 
138 


200 

6 

174 

1,954 

570 

12,104 

165 

118 


134 

3 

92 

1,139 

322 

9,029 

95 

92 


82 
3 

34 
850 
190 
8,091 
36 
55 


65 

19 
493 
98 
6,777 
18 
32 


29 

7 
257 
73 
4,728 
11 
13 


32 
23 


Burglary 

Larceny-theft 


59 
6 259 






Arson 


22 


Violent crime' 


2,198 

4.7 

14,374 

3.7 


2,135 

4.5 

13,568 

3.5 


2,072 

12,597 
3.2 


8,120 

17.3 

49,299 

12.6 


5,280 

11.2 

31,289 

8.0 


3,257 

6.9 

18,805 

4.8 


2,334 

5.0 

12,957 

3.3 


1,368 
2.9 

9,538 
2.4 


969 

2.1 

8,372 

2.1 


577 

1.2 

6,925 

1,8 


293 

.6 

4,825 

1.2 










6,365 
1 6 








Crime Index total* 


16,572 
3.8 


15,703 
3.6 


14,669 

3.3 


57,419 
13.1 


36,569 
8.3 


22,062 
5.0 


15,291 
3.5 


10,906 

2.5 


9,341 
2.1 


7,502 
1.7 


5,118 
1,2 


6 650 




1.5 




Other assaults 


2,797 
1,568 

5,798 
141 

671 
732 

650 

8,051 

405 
4,631 

125 

254 
7,089 

1,389 

3,800 

7,459 

366 

13,404 
119 


2,739 

1,489 

6,086 

.02 

635 
653 

645 

7,272 

368 

4,488 

147 

266 
6,809 

1,064 

3,722 

6.707 

344 

12,698 
99 


2,705 

1,567 

6,314 

94 

593 
604 

592 

6,096 

308 

4,223 

131 

252 
6,469 

976 
3,612 
5,650 

323 

12,041 
105 


10,079 

5,839 

26,513 

419 

2,314 

2,337 

2,384 

16,565 

1,014 

13,712 

579 

997 
25,986 

3,066 

14,017 

18,494 

952 

43,978 
365 


6,755 

3,559 

20,571 

297 

1,339 
1,445 

1,631 

5,467 

487 

6,751 

547 

735 
19,366 

1,768 

10,465 

9,824 

396 

27,048 
195 


4,390 

1,719 

12,760 

206 

667 
914 

1,057 

1,478 

188 
2,937 
486 

439 
14,830 

1,353 

8,460 

6,109 

194 

16,862 
95 


2,991 

834 

7,098 

101 

394 
550 

709 

552 

94 
1,454 
406 

248 
12,001 

980 
7,142 
4,291 

100 

11.098 
53 


1,832 

432 

3,795 

76 

185 
354 

443 

209 

65 
827 
339 

121 
8,721 

715 

5,568 

2,834 

63 

7,268 
24 


1,204 

235 

2,069 

46 

138 
216 

333 

175 

35 
493 
293 

90 
6,253 

526 

4,306 

2,242 

54 

4,998 

27 


736 

108 

1,015 

23 

76 
146 

210 

318 

57 
293 
217 

34 
4.081 

415 

2,736 

2,188 

47 

3,569 
16 


382 
39 
465 

7 

40 
52 

112 

215 

49 

195 
127 

24 
2,035 

245 

1,649 

1,587 

36 

2,174 
8 


343 
31 
414 

35 
88 


Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 


Vandalism 


Weapons; carrying. 




Prostitution and commercialized 




Sex offenses (except forcible rape 
and prostitution) 








Gambling 

Offenses against family and 
children 


94 
21 


Liquor laws 


296 

1,009 

875 

20 




Vagrancy 


All other offenses (except 




Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law 


7 



















'Because of roun 
'Violent crimes a 

^Includes arson. 



ing, the percentages may not add 
: offenses of murder, forcible rap 
re offenses of burglary, larceny- 



o total. 

, robbery, and aggravated assa 

left, motor vehicle theft, and a 



Table 34. — Total Arrests of Persons ui 

[12,811 agencies; 1981 estimaled population 



der 15, 18, 21, and 25 Years of Age, 1981 

214,369,000] 



Offense charged 


Total 
all ages 






Percent of total all ages 


Under 15 


Under 18 


Under 21 


Under 25 


Under 
15 


Under 
18 


Under 
21 


Under 
25 




10.293,575 


623,018 


2,035,748 


3,775,581 


5,629,422 


6.1 


19.8 


36.7 








Murder and nonnegligenl manslaughter 
Forcible rape 

l^obbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary 

Urceny-theft 
Motor vehicle theft 
\rson 


20,432 
30,050 
147.396 
266,948 
489,533 
1.197,845 
122,188 
19,362 


205 
1,193 
10,250 
10,458 
71,782 
172,064 
11,913 
5,014 


1,858 
4,449 
42,214 
37,332 
208,650 
417,346 
49,449 
8,210 


4,880 
9,254 
74,983 
74,875 
312,089 
620,134 
74,087 
10,658 


8,829 
15,593 
104,807 
125,352 
387,077 
790,649 
93,195 
13,044 


I.O 
4.0 
7.0 
3.9 
14.7 
14.4 
9.7 
25.9 


9.1 
14.8 
28.6 
14.0 
42.6 
34.8 
40.5 
42.4 


23.9 
30.8 
50.9 
28.0 
63.8 
51.8 
60.6 
55.0 


43.2 
51.9 
71.1 
47.0 
79.1 
66.0 
76.3 
67.4 




464,826 
1,828,928 


22,106 
260,773 


85,853 
683,655 


163.992 
1,016,968 


254,581 
1,283,965 


4.8 
14.3 


18.5 
37.4 


35.3 
55.6 




Property crime' 








Crime Index total' 


2,293,754 


282,879 


769,508 


1,180,960 


1,538,546 


12.3 


33.5 


51.5 








Jther assaults 

'orgery and counterfeiting 

>aud 

Embezzlement 

tolen property, buying, receiving, possessing 
/andalism .... 
Veapons; carrying possessing, etc 

rostitution and commercialized vice 
>ex offenses (except forcible rape and 


466,359 
81,429 
272,900 
8,170 
122,452 
228,849 
170,660 

103,134 

68,365 
586,646 
40,959 
51,908 
1,422,342 

453,356 
1,088,875 
748,603 
31,706 
1,801,740 
15,468 
90,599 
145,301 


28,163 
1,468 
4,639 
162 
9,074 

53,908 
6,294 

311 

4,386 

13,812 

160 

1,378 

552 

9,469 
3,295 
30,603 
899 
90,106 
880 
21,519 
59,061 


79,259 
8,625 
14,158 
824 
33,003 
108,555 
25,422 

3,030 

11,291 
96,231 
1,371 
2,399 
28,602 

138,503 
37,748 
115,803 
3,590 
318,752 
3,174 
90,599 
145,301 


144,487 
22,308 
40,977 
2,078 
58,464 

146,249 
52,807 

24,380 

19,827 

234,074 

4,278 

7,718 

205,043 

319,455 
166,314 
254,983 

8,846 
640,474 

5,959 
90,599 
145,301 


233,539 
39,827 
93,846 
3,633 
80,859 

176,826 
85,106 

61,659 

31,155 

380,269 

9,397 

17,130 
482,932 

371,504 
352,313 
412,072 

15,251 

998,611 

9,047 

90,599 
145,301 


6.0 
1.8 
1.7 
2.0 
7.4 
23.6 
3.7 

.3 

64 
2.4 
.4 
2.7 
(•) 

2.1 
.3 
4.1 
2.8 
5.0 
5.7 
23.8 
40.6 


17.0 
10.6 
5.2 
10.1 
27.0 
47.4 
14.9 

2.9 

16.5 
16.4 
3.3 
4.6 
2.0 

30.6 
3.5 
15.5 
11.3 
17.7 
20.5 
100.0 
100.0 


31.0 
27.4 
15.0 
25.4 
47.7 
63.9 
30.9 

23.6 

29.0 
39.9 
10.4 
14.9 
14.4 

70.5 
15.3 
34.1 
27.9 
35.5 
38.5 
100.0 
100.0 


50.1 
48.9 
34.4 
44.5 
66.C 
77.3 
49.9 

59.8 
























81.9 


















urfew and loitering law violations 













'Violent CI 
'Property ( 
'Includes a 
•Less thar one-tenth of I percent. 



177 



Table 35.— Total Arrests, Distribution by Sex, 1981 
[12.811 agencies; 1981 estimaled population 214,369,000] 



Offense charged 


Number of persons arrested 


Percent 
m e 


Percent 
female 


Percent distribution' 
















Total 


Male 


Female 






Total 


Male 


Female 


TOTAL 


10,293,575 


8,633,408 


1,660,167 


83.9 


16.1 


100.0 


100.0 


100. 






Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 


20,432 


17,846 


2,586 


87.3 


12.7 


.2 


^ 




Forcible rape 


30,050 


29,772 


278 


99.1 


.9 


.3 


.3 


( 


Robbery 


147,396 


136,816 


10.580 


92.8 


7.2 


1.4 


1.6 




Aggravated assault 


266,948 


233,323 


33.625 


87.4 


12.6 


2.6 


2.7 


2. 


Burglary 


489,533 


458,899 


30.634 


93.7 


6.3 


4.8 


5.3 


1. 


Larceny-theft 


1,197,845 


849,783 


348,062 


70.9 


29.1 


11.6 


9.8 


21. 


Motor vehicle theft 


122,188 


111,259 


10,929 


91.1 


8.9 


1.2 


1.3 




Arson ... 


19,362 


17.143 


2,219 


88.5 


11.5 


.2 


.2 




Violent crime" 


464,826 


417,757 


47,069 


89.9 


10.1 


4.5 


4.8 


2, 


Property cnme' 


1,828,928 


1,437,084 


391,844 


78^6 


21.4 


17.8 


16.6 


23. 


Crime Index total' 


2,293,754 


1,854,841 


438,913 


80.9 


19.1 


22.3 


21.5 


26 






Other assaults 


466,359 
81.429 


400,508 
55,325 


65,851 
26,104 


85.9 
67.9 


14.1 
32.1 


4.5 
.8 


4.6 
.6 


4 


Forgery and counterfeiting 




Fraud .. 


272,900 


160,413 


112,487 


58.8 


41.2 


2.7 


1.9 


6 


Embezzlement 


8,170 


5,842 


2,328 


71.5 


28.5 


.1 


.1 




Stolen property buying, receivmg, possessmg 


122,452 


109,238 


13,214 


89.2 


10.8 


1.2 


1.3 




Vandalism 


228,849 


208,446 


20,403 


91.1 


8.9 


2.2 


2.4 


1 


Weapons; carrying, possessing etc 


170,660 


157,891 


12,769 


92.5 


7.5 


1.7 


1.8 




Prostitution and commercialized vice 


103,134 


27,427 


75,707 


26.6 


73.4 


1.0 


.3 


4 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 


68,365 


63,060 


5,305 


92.2 


7.8 


.7 


.7 




Drug abuse violations 


586,646 


509,215 


77,431 


86.8 


13.2 


5.7 


5.9 


4 


Gambling 


40,959 


37,061 


3,898 


90.5 


9.5 


.4 


.4 




Offenses against family and children 


51,908 


46,475 


5.433 


89.5 


10.5 


.5 


.5 




Driving under the influence 


1,422,342 


1,279,294 


143,048 


89.9 


10.1 


13.8 


14.8 


8 


Liquor laws 


453,356 


384,472 


68,884 


84.8 


15.2 


4.4 


4.5 


4 


Drunkenness 


1,088,875 


1.002,571 


86,304 


92.1 


7.9 


10.6 


11.6 


5 


Disorderly conduct 


748,603 


632.179 


116,424 


84.4 


15.6 


7.3 


7.3 


7 


Vagrancy 


31,706 


26,672 


5,034 


84.1 


15.9 


.3 


.3 




All othei offenses (except traffic) 


1,801,740 


1.521,161 


280,579 


84.4 


15.6 


17.5 


17.6 


16 


Suspicion 


15,468 


13,343 


2.125 


86.3 


13.7 


.2 


.2 




Curfew and loitenng law violations 


90,599 


70,670 


19.929 


78.0 


22.0 


.9 


.8 


1 


Runaways 


145,301 


67,304 


77.997 


46.3 


53.7 


1.4 


* 


4 



'Because of 
'Less thane 
^Violent cnmes 
*Property crime 
'Includes arson. 



inding, the percentages may not add to total. 
tenth of 1 percent. 

offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 

e offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. 



178 



able 36.— Total Arrests, Distributii 

12,747 agencies; 1981 estimated populat 



by Race, 1981 

1 21.1.771,000] 







Total arrests 


Percent distribution' 


Offense charged 


Total 


White 


Black 


Indian 

Alaskan 
Native 


Asian 

Pacific 
Islander 


Total 


White 


Black 


Indian 

Alaskan 

Native 


Asian 

Pacific 
Islander 


TOTAL 


10,264,187 


7,482,012 


2,619,463 


104,261 


58,451 


100.0 


72.9 


25.5 


1.0 








urder and nonnegligent 


20,404 
30,021 
147,519 
266,764 
488,868 
1,196,247 
122,027 
19,319 


10.129 
15,077 
57,448 
163.500 
334,777 
793,278 
83,071 
15,141 


9,998 
14,457 
88.524 
99,394 
148,033 
380,766 
36,859 
3,952 


133 

280 

693 

2,422 

3,395 

10.625 

1.132 

140 


144 

207 

854 

1,448 

2.663 

11.578 

965 

86 


1 00.0 
100.0 
1 00.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100,0 
100.0 
100.0 


49.6 
50.2 
38.9 
61,3 
68,5 
66,3 
68.1 
78.4 


49.0 
48.2 
60,0 
37,3 
303 
31,8 
30,2 
20,5 






















urglary 








otor vehicle theft . . 












Violent crime' 


464,708 
1,826,461 


246,154 
1,226,267 


212,373 
569,610 


3,528 
15.292 


2,653 
15,292 


100.0 
100.0 


53.0 
67.1 


45,7 
31.2 


.8 














2,291,169 


1,472,421 


781,983 


18,820 


17,945 


100.0 


64.3 


34.1 


.8 










465,618 

81,283 

276.721 

8,163 

122,266 
228.509 
170,451 

103,103 

68,240 
584,776 
40,973 
51,766 
1,405,471 

453,184 
1,085,296 
747,109 
31,673 
1,797,904 
15,361 
90,305 
144,846 


308,001 

51,408 

189,380 

6.072 

79,900 
185,819 
106,162 

50,906 

53,337 
432,556 
13,133 
32,538 
1,231,342 

409,919 
892,250 
481,879 
22,143 
1,271.874 
9,257 
66,061 
115,654 


150,627 
29,188 
85,131 
1,998 

41,304 
39,777 
62,402 

50,865 

13,823 
146,858 
26,671 
18,614 
151,907 

34,076 
166,200 
254,656 
8,853 
498,673 
5,929 
23,167 
26,761 


4,190 

417 

1,358 

33 

623 
1.919 
908 

364 

617 

2.436 

87 

545 

15,498 

7,451 

25,002 

8,319 

501 

13,388 

38 

601 

1,146 


2,800 
270 
852 
60 

til 
979 

968 

463 

2.926 

1,082 

69 

6,724 

1.738 

1,844 

2,255 

176 

13,969 

137 

476 

1,285 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

1000 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 

100,0 
100,0 
100,0 
100,0 
100,0 

100,0 
100,0 
100.0 
1000 
100 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


66.1 
63.2 
68.4 
74.4 

65.3 
81.3 
62,3 

49.4 

78,2 
74,0 
32,1 
62,9 
87.6 

90.5 
82,2 
64,5 
69,9 
70,7 
60,3 
73.2 
79.8 


32,3 
35,9 
30,8 
24,5 

33,8 
17,4 
36,6 

49 3 

20.3 
25.1 
65 1 
36,0 
10,8 

7.5 
15,3 
34,1 
28.0 
27.7 
38.6 
25.7 
18,5 


.9 

.5 
.5 
.4 

.5 
.8 

,5 

,4 

.9 
,4 

1,6 
2,3 




argery and counterfeiting 

aud 

mbezzlement 

olen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

andalism 

eapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

ostitution and commercialized vice .. 
X offenses (except forcible 


.3 
.3 
.7 

.4 

.6 

.9 

.7 
.5 
2.6 


rug abuse violations 

ambhng 

[Tenses against family and children ... 




.4 


runkenness 




.3 




1 other offenses (except traffic) 

spicion 

rfew and loitering law violations .... 
maways 






,8 
.9 
.5 
.9 



See footnotes at end of table. 



179 



Table 36.— Total Arrests, Distribution by Race, 1981— Continued 



Arrests under 18 



Asian 
Pacific 



Percent distribution' 



TOTAL 

Murder and nonnegligent 

manslaughter 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary 

Larceny-theft 

Motor vehicle theft 

Arson 

Violent crime' 

Property crime^ 

Crime Index total' 

Other assaults 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. . . 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 
Sex offenses (except forcible 

rape and prostitution) 

Drug abuse violations 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 
Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness — 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) ... 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations . 
Runaways 

See foolnotes at end of table. 



1,855 
4,443 
42,206 
37,292 
208,203 
416,267 
49,337 
8,189 



895 
1,843 
13,325 
23,045 
151,158 
290,258 
36,381 
6,902 



936 
2,569 
28,479 
13,803 
54,079 
117,818 
11,976 
1,190 



1,493 

3,532 

499 



100.0 


48.2 


505 


100.0 


41.5 


57.8 


100.0 


31.6 


67.5 


100.0 


61.8 


37.0 


100.0 


72.6 


26.0 


100.0 


69.7 


28.3 


100.0 


73.7 


24.3 


100.0 


84.3 


14.5 



79,057 


51,794 


25,884 


8,595 


6,902 


1,592 


14,132 


7,804 


6,140 


823 


657 


153 


32,937 


23,520 


9,107 


108.223 


92.136 


15,019 


25,374 


17,561 


7,451 


3,021 


1,470 


1,494 


11,261 


8,263 


2,863 


95,313 


79,057 


15,109 


1,370 


268 


1,060 


2,391 


1,682 


631 


28,307 


27,235 


692 


137,860 


131,977 


3,536 


37,587 


34,955 


1,730 


115,574 


81,191 


33,473 


3,571 


3,057 


480 


317,374 


227,482 


85,904 


3,147 


2,608 


520 


90,305 


66,061 


23,167 


144,846 


115,654 


26,761 



r«ble 3«.-Total Arrests, Distribution by Race, 


1981-Continued 




















Arrests 18 and over 


Percent distribution' 


Offense charged 


Total 


White 


Black 


Indian 

Alaskan 
Native 


Asian 

Pacific 
Islander 


Total 


White 


Black 


American 
Indian 

Alaskan 
Native 


Asian 

Pacific 
Islander 


TOTAL 


8,235,327 


5,976,871 


2,125,847 


88,850 


43,759 


100.0 


72.6 


25.8 


1.1 






.5 


lurder and nonnegligent 
manslaughter 


18,549 
25,578 
105,313 
229,472 
280,665 
779,980 
72,690 
11,130 


9,234 
13,234 
44,123 
140,455 
183,619 
503,020 
46,690 
8,239 


9,062 
11.888 
60,045 
85,591 
93,954 
262,948 
24,883 

2,762 


127 

260 

567 

2,167 

1,902 

7,093 

633 

78 


126 

196 

578 

1.259 

1,190 

6,919 

484 

51 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


49.8 
51.7 
41.9 
61.2 
65.4 
64.5 
64.2 
74.0 


48.9 
46.5 
57.0 
37.3 
33.5 
33.7 
34.2 
24.8 


.7 
1.0 
.5 
.9 
.7 
.9 
.9 
.7 




orcible rape 
obbery 

ggravated assault 
urglary 
arcen\ -theft 
lotor vehicle theft 






378,912 
1.144,465 


207.046 
741.568 


166,586 
384.547 


3,121 
9,706 


2,159 
8,644 


100.0 
100.0 


54.6 
64.8 


44.0 
33.6 


.8 
.8 




Property crime' .... 


.6 




.8 


Crime Index total' 


1,523.377 


948.614 


551.133 


12,827 


10,803 


100.0 


62.3 


36.2 


.8 






.7 


her assaults 


386.561 

72.688 

262,589 

7.340 

89.329 
120,286 
145,077 

100,082 

56,979 
489,463 
39,603 
49,375 
1,377,164 

315,324 
1,047,709 
631,535 
28,102 
1,480,530 
12,214 


256,207 

44,506 

181,576 

5,415 

56.380 
93.683 
88,601 

49,436 

45,074 
353,499 
12.865 
30,856 
1,204,107 

277,942 
857.295 
400.688 
19,086 
1,044,392 
6,649 


124,743 
27.596 
78,991 
1,845 

32,197 
24,758 
54,951 

49,371 

10,960 
131,749 
25,611 
17,983 
151,215 

30,540 
164,470 
221,183 

8,373 
412,769 

5.409 


3,562 

357 

1,287 

28 

458 
1,290 
752 

343 

569 

1,951 

82 

478 

15,201 

5,459 
24,193 
7,689 
481 
11.811 
32 


2,049 
229 
735 
52 

294 
555 
773 

932 

376 

2,264 

1,045 

58 

6,641 

1,383 
1,751 
1,975 
162 
11.558 


100.0 
100.0 
1 00.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


66.3 
61.2 
69.1 
73.8 

63.1 
77.9 
61.1 

49.4 

79.1 
72,2 
325 
62.5 
87.4 

88.1 

63.4 
67.9 
70.5 
54.4 


32.3 
38.0 
30.1 
25.1 

36.0 
20.6 
37.9 

49.3 

19.2 
26.9 
64.7 
36.4 
11.0 

9.7 
15.7 
35.0 
29.8 
27.9 
44.3 


.9 
.5 

.5 
.4 

.5 
1.1 
,5 

.3 

1.0 
.4 
.2 
1.0 
1.1 

1.7 
23 
1.2 
1.7 
.8 
.3 




jrgery and counterfeiting 


.5 
.3 


mbezzlement 


.3 


olen property; buying, receiving. 


.7 




.3 


ostitution and commercialized vice .. 
X offenses (except forcible 

rape and prostitution) 

rug abuse violations 

ambling 


.5 
.5 

.9 

.7 
.5 


Tenses against family and children ... 


2.6 
.1 


quor laws 


.5 


unkenness 


.4 




.2 


grancy 


.3 


other offenses (except traffic) 


.6 

.8 


rfew and loitering law violations .... 
naways 






I.O 



I add to total. 

■Violent crimes are ofTenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault 
'Property cnmes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. 



181 



Table 37.— Total Arrests, Distribution by Ethnic Origin, 1981 

[10,699 agencies; 1981 estimated population 181,600,409] 



Non- 
Hispanic 



Percent distribution 



Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggiavated assault 

Burglary 

Larceny-theft 

Motor vehicle theft 



Violent crime' 
Property crime' 



124,948 
219,393 
405,976 
992,062 
105,708 
16,279 



Crime Index total' 

Other assaults 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, 

receiving, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. .. 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 
Sex offenses (except forcible 

rape and prostitution) 

Drug abuse violations 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 
Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) ... 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations 
Runaways 

See footnotes at end of table. 



394,547 

69,950 

237,482 

7,340 



94,318 

58,009 
481,438 
35,591 
43,441 
1,250,007 

394,060 
965,007 
635,689 
26,856 
1,480,724 
9,162 
76,955 
121,040 



2,816 


14,691 


2,496 


22,875 


15,085 


109,863 


26,977 


192,416 


45,272 


360,704 


90,510 


901,552 


15,004 


90,704 


1,100 


15,179 


47,374 


339,845 


51,886 


1,368,139 



10,945 
14,236 
19,547 

4,967 

5,600 
43,112 
3,027 
1,705 
145,047 

26,629 

168,102 

48,599 

4,694 



363,097 

65,216 

230,629 

6,931 

88,244 
179,948 
123,103 

89,351 

52,409 
438,326 
32,564 
41,736 
1,104,960 

367,431 
796,905 
587,090 
22,162 
1,309,465 
8,101 
71,518 
1 10,037 



100.0 
100,0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



182 



ble 37.— Total Arrests, Distribution by Ethnic Origin, 1981— Continued 





Under 18 years of age 




Number of arrests 


Percent distribution 




Total 


Hispanic 


Non- 
Hispanic 


Total 


Hispanic 


Non- 
Hispanic 




1,687,892 


178,673 


1,509,219 


100.0 


10.6 


89.4 






1,624 
3,658 
36,209 
29,871 
171,863 
343,439 
42,416 
6,886 


384 
364 
4,479 
4,904 
18,623 
30,266 
5,491 
523 


1,240 
3,294 
31,730 
24,967 
153,240 
313,173 
36,925 
6,363 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


23.6 
10.0 
12.4 
16.4 
10.8 

8.8 
12.9 

7.6 


76.4 
90.0 
87.6 
83.6 
89.2 
91.2 
87.1 
92.4 


cible rape .. 
bbery 

glary 

ceny-theft .. 
tor vehicle theft 




Violent critre' 


71,362 
564,604 


10,131 
54,903 


61,231 
509,701 


100.0 
100.0 


14.2 
9.7 


85.8 
90.3 




Crime Index total' 


635,966 


65,034 


570,932 


100.0 


102 


89.8 




er assaults .. 

gery and counterfeiting 

ud 

bezzlement . 

en property; buying, receiving, possessing 

ndalism 

apons; carrying possessing, etc 

stitution and commircialized vice 
offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 
jg abuse violations 

mbling 

enses against family and children 
ving under the influence 

uor laws .... 
inkenness ... 
orderly conduct 

?rancy 

other offenses (except traffic) 

Pi'^ion 

-few and loitenng law violations 

laways 


63,333 
7,422 
13,165 
728 
26,291 
88,652 
21,264 

2.574 
9,494 

76,365 
1,241 
2,207 

25,132 

118,750 
33,633 
92,975 
2,783 
265,880 
2,042 
76,955 
121,040 


6,517 
410 
2,501 
73 
3,029 
7,225 
3,858 

156 

1,051 

7,458 

63 

195 
2,499 

7.399 
8,669 
9,082 
493 
36,328 
193 
5,437 
11,003 


56,816 
7,012 
10,664 
655 
23,262 
81,427 
17,406 

2.418 
8.443 

68.907 
1.178 
2,012 

22,633 

111,351 
24,964 
83,893 
2,290 
229,552 
1.849 
71,518 
110,037 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100,0 
100.0 
100.0 


10.3 
5.5 
19.0 

lao 

11.5 
8.1 
18.1 

6.1 
11.1 
9.8 
5.1 
8.8 
9.9 

6.2 
25.8 
9.8 
17.7 
13.7 
9.5 
7.1 
9.1 


89.7 
94.5 
81.0 
90.0 
88.5 
91.9 
81.9 

93.9 
88.9 
90.2 
94.9 
91.2 
90.1 

93.8 
74.2 
90.2 
82.3 
86.3 
905 
92.9 
90.9 



See footnotes at end of table. 



183 



Table 37.— Total Arrests, Distribution by Ethnic Origin, 1981— Continued 



18 years of age and over 



Non- 
Hispanic 



Percent distribution 



Murder and nonnegligent manslaughte 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary 

Larceny- theft 

Motor vehicle theft 

Arson .. 



Violent c; 
Property 



Other assaults 

Forgery and counterfeiting 
Fraud 



Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 



Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 

Drug abuse violations 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Runaways 

'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated asss 
'Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and a 
^Includes arson. 



88,739 
189.522 
234,113 
648.623 

63,292 
9,393 



331,214 
62,528 

224,317 
6,612 
72,898 

105,532 

121.386 

91,744 
48,515 
405,073 
34,350 
41,234 
1,224,875 

275,310 
931,374 
542,714 
24,073 
1,214,844 
7,120 



10,606 
22,073 
26,649 
60,244 



13,451 
19,581 
78.133 
167.449 
207.464 
588.379 
53.779 
8.816 



24.933 
4.324 
4.352 



4,549 
35,654 
2,964 



19,230 
159,433 
39,517 



58,204 

219,965 

6,276 

64.982 



86.933 
43.966 
369.419 



256.080 
771.941 
503.197 
19.872 
1.079.913 
6.252 



184 



able 38.— City Arrest Trends, 1980-1981 

1,122 agencies; 1981 estimated population 140,828,000] 





Number of persons arrested 


Offense charged 


Total all ages 


Under 18 years of age 


18 years of age and over 




1980 


1981 


Percent 
change 


1980 


1981 


Percent 
change 


1980 


1981 


Percent 
change 


TOTAL 


7,333,968 


7,713,838 


+ 5.2 


1,643,360 


1,670,265 


+ 1.6 


5.690,608 


6,043,573 


+ 6.2 




orcible rape 


13,597 
21,911 
118,764 
188,080 
349,632 
926,382 
99,225 
13,197 


14,742 
22,253 
124,927 
192,228 
355,326 
983,980 
92,427 
13,310 


+ 8.4 
+ 1.6 
+ 5.2 
+ 2.2 
+ 1.6 
+ 6.2 
-6.9 
+ .9 


1,342 
3,437 
37,512 
30,002 
160,473 
354,143 
46.038 
6,223 


1.485 
3,629 
37,857 
29,570 
155,912 
352.881 
38.434 
6.142 


+ 107 
+ 5.6 
+ .9 
-1.4 
-2.8 
-.4 
-16.5 
-1.3 


12,255 
18,474 
81,252 
158,078 
189.159 
572,239 
53,187 
6,974 


13,257 
18,624 
87,070 
162,658 
199,414 
631,099 
53,993 
7.168 


+ 8.2 


obbery 


+ .8 






urelarv 


+ 5.4 


theft 
















342,352 
1,388,436 


354,150 
1,445,043 


+ 3.4 
+ 4.1 


72,293 
566,877 


72,541 
553,369 


+ .3 
-2.4 


270,059 
821,559 


281,609 
891,674 






+ 8.5 






1,730,788 


1,799,193 


+ 4.0 


639.170 


625,910 


-2.1 


1.091,618 


1,173,283 


+ 7.5 




her assaults 


349,139 

51,109 

133,072 

4,997 

87,564 
184,777 
128,053 

82,252 

49,080 
404,083 
42,548 
19,564 
779,839 

341,710 
862,303 
639,720 
27,018 
1,248,006 
15,205 
60,890 
107,456 


351,109 

57,599 

138,809 

5,301 

92,579 
179,592 
136,226 

98,271 

53,120 
439,299 

35,572 
20,710 
847.142 

361,872 
878,285 
662,539 
29,118 
1,331,975 
13,652 
83,465 
112,062 


+ .6 
+ 12.7 
+ 4.3 

+ 5.7 
-2.8 
+ 6.4 

+ 19.5 

+ 8.2 
+ 8.7 
-16.4 
+ 5.9 
+ 8.6 

+ 5.9 
+ 1.9 
+ 3.6 
+ 7.8 
+ 6.7 
-102 
+ 37.1 
+ 4.3 


67,972 

7,232 

5,767 

724 

28,357 
93,168 
20,434 

2,922 

8,650 
80,370 
1,599 
1,560 
19.392 

113,443 
34,098 
108,162 
3,470 
238,524 
3,192 
60,890 
107.456 


66,195 

6,575 
12,497 

27,221 
87,195 
21,686 

2,832 

8,952 
76,205 
1,205 
1,993 
18,558 

111,982 
30,087 
105,869 
2,975 
266,115 
2,927 
83,465 
112.062 


-2.6 

-9.1 

+ 116.7 

-5.2 

-4.0 
-6.4 

+ 6.1 

-3.1 

+ 3.5 
-5.2 
-24.6 
+ 27.8 
-4.3 

-1.3 
-11.8 
■2.1 
-14.3 
+ 11.6 
-8.3 
+ 37.1 
+ 4.3 


281,167 

43,877 

127,305 

4.273 

59,207 
91,609 
107,619 

79,330 

40,430 
323,713 
40,949 
18,004 
760,447 

228,267 
828,205 
531,558 
23,548 
1,009,482 
12,013 


284,914 

51,024 

126,312 

4,615 

65,358 
92,397 
114,540 

95,439 

44,168 
363,094 
34,367 
18,717 
828,584 

249,890 
848,198 
556,670 
26,143 
1,065,860 
10.725 


+ 1.3 

+ 16.3 

-.8 

+ 8.0 

+ 10.4 
+ .9 
+ 64 

+ 20.3 

+ 9.2 
+ 12.2 
-16.1 
+ 4.0 
+ 9.0 

+ 9.5 
+ 2.4 
+ 4.7 
+ 11.0 
+ 5.6 
-10.7 






mbezzlement 


olen property; buying, receiving, 






ostitution and commercialized 


X offenses (except forcible rape and 






[Tenses against family and children 






runkenness . 








spicion (not mcluded in totals) 

rfew and loitering law violations 



















'Violent cr 
^Property t 
'Includes a 



185 



Table 39.— City Arrests, Distribution by Age, 1981 

[;.,399 agencies; 1981 estimated population 144,605.000] 



Offense charged 



TOTAL 

Percent distribution' 

Murder and nonnegligent 

manslaughter 

Forcible rape 
Robbery . 
Aggravated assault 
Burglary . 
Larceny-theft 
Motor vehicle theft 
Arson ... 



Violent crime" 

Percent distribution' 

Property crime* 

Percent distribution' 

Crime Index total' 

Percent distribution' 

Other assaults 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. 

Prostitution and commercialized 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape 
and prostitution) 

Drug abuse violations 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and 
children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violation 
Runaways 



14,884 
22,573 
126,264 
196,002 
361,985 
1,002.611 
94,014 
13,587 



1,034 
9,529 
8,545 
56,273 
53,683 
9,641 
3,985 



1,489 
3,683 
38,267 
30,092 
159,137 
360,1 



13,395 
18,890 
87,997 
165,910 
202,848 
642,171 
54,826 
7,311 



2,078 
14,652 
46,137 



7,376 
5,801 
36,992 
92,015 
8,143 
1,625 



245 
725 
7,894 
5,332 
31,491 
M,167 
9,233 
813 



429 
939 
10,134 
7,496 
35,938 
70,863 
10.535 
740 



651 
985 
10,710 
8,719 
35,435 
71,727 
9,779 
738 



775 
1,104 
10,463 
8,970 
29,813 
64,234 
7,526 



827 
1,225 
9.132 
9,318 
23,573 
53,223 
6,133 
511 



286,192 

79.6 

907,156 



4,184 

1.2 

63,302 



359,220 

58,602 

140,892 

5,432 

94,000 
183,858 
138,816 



54,177 
447,961 
35,955 



871,639 

370,497 
894,554 
674,894 
29,235 
1,365,504 
13,930 
84,783 
114,404 



67,274 
6,737 
12,596 



7,875 
45,717 
5,544 



113,955 
30,509 
107,280 
3,015 
271,024 
2,975 
84,783 
114,404 



291,946 

51,865 

128,296 

4,720 

66,323 
94,444 
116,776 



45,024 
370,230 
34,720 



256,542 
864,045 
567,614 
26,220 
1,094,480 



347 

7,585 

234 



3,955 



18,183 

173 

3,687 



15,920 
932 
3,698 



2,454 

10,124 

133 



7,349 
2,382 
19,535 
593 
52,267 
586 
16,160 
35,786 



12,382 
1,234 
4.436 



5,463 
14,436 
4,073 



6,838 
15,100 
5,563 



35,310 
8,262 
25.184 



16,116 
2,578 
2,215 



7,501 
14,161 
6,860 



13,399 

55,369 
15,301 
34,261 
902 
73,379 



15,927 

2,946 

3.734 

336 

7,231 
11,300 
7,754 



16,932 

3,232 

4,942 

340 

6,574 
9,475 
7,505 



50,023 
34,190 
41,182 



851 



See footnotes at end of table. 



able 39.— City Arrests, Distribution by Age, 1981- 


-Continued 






















Age 




21 


22 


23 


24 


25-29 


30-34 


35-39 


40-A4 


45^9 


50-54 


55-59 


60-64 


65 and 
over 




402,906 
5.1 


357,386 
4.5 


333,223 
4J 


311,361 
3.9 


1.161,853 
14.7 


755,523 
9.6 


459,195 
5.8 


319,366 
4.0 


239,420 
3.0 


195,624 

2.5 


141,909 
1.8 


85,773 


76,732 








lurder and nonnegligent 
manslaughter 


794 
1,255 
7,507 
10,021 
16,640 
35,741 
4,447 
410 


749 
1,261 
6,580 
9,362 
40,787 
32.772 
3.781 
409 


714 
1.146 
5,735 
8,940 
14,107 
30,203 
3,420 
370 


704 
1,163 
5,168 
8,820 
12,429 
117,830 
2,936 
365 


2,894 
4.298 
18,379 
35,285 
10,988 
75,562 
10,237 
1,398 


1,897 
2,644 
9,344 
23,578 
37,610 
42,342 
5,392 
950 


1,142 
1.483 
3,798 
14,913 
19,639 
28,220 
2,573 
622 


733 

866 

1,837 

9,554 

8,510 

20,554 

1,429 

418 


520 

515 

920 

6,424 

4,289 

17,568 

787 

312 


346 

297 

531 

4,576 

2,458 

14,062 

460 

199 


267 
190 
293 
3,010 
1,490 
9,752 
248 
118 


152 
86 
145 
1,746 
934 
13,160 
128 
77 


200 






obbery 


153 
1,794 
536 
476 
140 


urglary 

arceny-theft 

lotor v»hicle theft 




67 






Violent crime' 


19,577 
5.4 

62,284 
4.2 


17,952 
5.0 

54,038 
3.7 


16,535 

46 

48,991 

3,3 


15,855 

44,492 
3.0 


60,856 

16.9 

167,075 

11.3 


37,463 

10.4 

101,543 

6.9 


21,336 
5.9 

54,047 
3.7 


12,990 
3.6 

34,356 
2.3 


8,379 

2.3 

24,111 

1.6 


5,750 

1.6 

19,717 

1.3 


3,760 

1.0 

15.362 

1.0 


2,129 

.6 

10,493 

.7 


2,236 




Property crime' 

Percent distribution' 


13,843 
9 






Crime Index total' 


81,861 
4.5 


71,990 
3.9 


65,526 
3.6 


60,347 
3.3 


227,931 
12.4 


139,006 
7.6 


75,383 
4.1 


47,346 
2.6 


32,490 
1.8 


25,467 
1.4 


19,122 
1.0 


12,622 

.7 


16,079 








•ther assaults 

orgery and counterfeiting 

raud 

mbezzlement 

tolen property; buying, receiving, 
possessing 


18,270 

3,227 

6,307 

282 

4,997 
7,410 
7.270 

10,748 

2,481 
32,176 

1,096 

970 

47,121 

15,232 

41,582 
41.476 
1,753 
77,853 
794 


17,390 

3,056 

6,565 

310 

4,299 
6,149 
6,576 

9,348 

2,207 
28,227 

1,131 

933 

44,402 

11,302 

37,075 
36,787 
1,496 
67,438 
705 


16,838 

2,996 

6,953 

258 

3,866 
5.586 
6,331 

8,516 

2,309 
25,480 

1,194 

944 

42,832 

8,901 

36,487 
33,487 
1,384 
62,702 
633 


16,466 
3,119 
6,926 
249 

3,529 
5.118 
6,101 

7,344 

2,137 
23,716 

1,158 

1,022 
40,901 

7,713 

34,530 
30,073 
1,337 
58,988 
587 


63,283 

12,817 

30,374 

950 

12,989 
17.352 
23,978 

21,577 

8,750 
79,638 
4,968 
4,272 
161,157 
22,591 

139,405 
106,059 

5,185 
216,085 

2,492 


42.312 

8,365 

23,234 

659 

7,654 
9,943 
15,791 

8,903 

6,408 
40,991 
4.264 
3,240 
116,271 
12,542 

108,674 
66,034 

3.446 
136.311 

1,475 


25,090 

3,837 

13,756 

415 

3,868 
5,415 
9,686 

3,485 

4,288 
16,982 

3,675 

2,132 
80,531 

7,928 

82,959 
38,779 
2,143 
78,120 

723 


15,942 

2,112 

8,010 

229 

2,236 
3,267 
6,182 

1,865 

2,975 
8,124 
3,312 
1,234 
60,893 
5,962 

70,354 
27,059 
1,404 
50,419 
441 


10,201 

1,222 

4,845 

157 

1,412 
1,961 

4,377 

1,170 

2,056 
4,449 
3,185 
723 
47,944 
4,841 

61,888 
20,215 
1,095 
34,940 
249 


6,893 
741 

3,045 
109 

1,007 
1.266 
3,259 

886 

1,712 
2.662 
2.673 
418 
39,182 
3,988 

58,451 
16,830 

884 
25,959 

192 




4,295 

403 

1,797 

66 

611 

818 

2,151 

868 

1,279 
1.932 
2,223 
196 
28,422 
2,884 

43,801 
12,344 

619 
17,976 

102 


2,271 
201 
922 

25 

313 
429 
1.344 

592 

795 
1,282 
1,483 
118 
16,235 
1,745 

26,788 

7,428 

383 

10,756 

41 


2,183 
206 
719 
15 

274 
522 


/eapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

restitution and commercialized 


1,285 


ex offenses (except forcible rape 








ambling 

ffenses against family and children 


, 1,770 
123 


iquor laws 

runkenness 

isorderly conduct 


1,636 

21,221 

6,167 

308 






uspicion 


50 











'Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 

'Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson 



187 



Table 40.— City Arrests of Persons under 15, 18, 21, and 25 Years of Age, 1981 
[8,899 agencies; 1981 estimated population 144.605,000] 





Total aU 
ages 


Number of persons arrested 


Percent of total all ages 




Under 15 


Under 18 


Under 21 


Under 25 


Under 

15 


Under 
18 


Under 
21 


Under 
25 


TOTAL 


7,890,421 


536,413 


1,705,116 


3,050,150 


4,455,026 


6.8 


21.6 


38.7 


56.S 


Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary 

Larceny-theft 

Motor vehicle theft 

Arson .... 


14,884 
22,573 
126,264 
196,002 
361,985 
1,002,611 
94,014 
13,587 


164 
1.034 
9,529 
8,545 
56,273 
153,683 
9,641 
3,985 


1,489 
3,683 
38,267 
30,092 
159,137 
360,440 
39,188 
6,276 


3,772 
7,280 
65,874 
57,979 
231,879 
524,058 
58.036 
7,872 


6,733 
12,105 
90,864 
95,122 
286,043 
663,561 
72,620 
9,426 


1.1 
46 
7.5 
4.4 
15.5 
15.3 
10.3 
29.3 


10.0 
16.3 
30.3 
15.4 
44.0 
36.0 
41.7 
46.2 


25.3 
32.3 
52.2 
29.6 
64.1 
52.3 
61.7 
57.9 


45,2 
53.6 
72.0 
48.5 
79.0 
66.2 
77.2 
69.4 




359,723 
1,472,197 


19,272 
223,582 


73,531 
565,041 


134,905 
821,845 


204,824 
1,031,650 


5.4 
15.2 


20.4 
38.4 


37.5 
55.8 


56 9 




70 


P 






1,831,920 


242.854 


638,572 


956,750 


1,236,474 


13.3 


34.9 


52.2 


67 5 






Other assaults 


359,220 
58,602 

140,892 
5,432 
94,000 

183,858 

138,816 

99,000 

54,177 
447,961 
35,955 
21,148 
871,639 

370,497 
894,554 
674,894 
29,235 
1,365,504 
13,930 
84,783 
114,404 


24,759 
1,235 
4,469 
143 
7,875 

45,717 
5,544 

298 

3,580 

11,440 

148 

1,280 

305 

8,062 
2,831 
28,871 
789 
77,826 
855 
20,472 
47,060 


67,274 
6,737 
12,596 
712 
27,677 
89,414 
22,040 

2,929 

9,153 
77,731 
1,235 
2,017 
19,084 

113,955 
30,509 
107,280 
3,015 
271,024 
2,975 
84,783 
114,404 


117,786 
16,300 
27,439 
1.708 
46,945 

118,622 
44,485 

23,368 

15,947 

181,743 

3,823 

4.823 

132,739 

263.232 
131,339 
232,156 

7,798 
518,514 

5.446 
84,783 
114,404 


186,750 
28,698 
54,190 
2.807 
63,636 

142,885 
70,763 

59,324 

25,081 

291,342 

8,402 

8.692 

307,995 

306,380 
281,013 
373.979 

13.768 

785.495 

8,165 

84,783 
114,404 


6.9 
2.1 
3.2 
2.6 
8.4 
24.9 
4.0 

.3 

6.6 
2.6 
.4 
6.1 
(*) 

2.2 
.3 
43 
2.7 
5.7 
6.1 
24.1 
41.1 


IKS 
8.9 
13.1 
29.4 
48.6 
15.9 

3.0 

16.9 
17.4 
3.4 
9.5 
2.2 

308 
3.4 
15.9 
10.3 
19.8 
21.4 
100.0 
1 00.0 


32.8 
27.8 
19.5 
31.4 
49.9 
64.5 
32.0 

23.6 

29.4 
40.6 
106 

15.2 

71.0 
147 
34.4 
26.7 
38.0 
39.1 
100.0 
100.0 


52.C 


Fraud 

Embezzlement 


38.3 
51.7 
67 7 


Vandalism 


77.7 
51 C 






Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 


46 




65 C 






Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 


41. 

35 3 


Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 


82.7 
31.4 
55.4 
47. 
57 


Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Runaways 


58.< 
lOO.C 
lOO.C 



•Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, rob 
'Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, 
^Includes arson. 
•Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 



fable 41.— City Arrests, Distribution by Sex, 1981 

8,899 agencies; 1981 estimated population 144,505.000] 



Offense charged 


Number of persons arrested 


Percent 
male 


Percent 
female 


Percent distribution' 




Total 


Male ! Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 




7,890,421 


6,577,587 


1,312,834 


83.4 


16.6 


100.0 


100.0 










14,884 
22,573 
126,264 
196,002 
361,985 
1,002,611 
94,014 
13,587 


13,006 
22,359 
117.173 
170.183 
339.240 
700.266 
85.508 
12.028 


1,878 
214 
9,091 
25,819 
22.745 
302,345 
8,506 
1,559 


87.4 
99.1 
92.8 
86.8 
93.7 
69.8 
91.0 
88.5 


12.6 
.9 

7.2 
13.2 

6.3 
30.2 

9.0 
11.5 


.2 
.3 
1.6 
2.5 
4.6 
12.7 
1.2 
.2 


.2 
.3 
1.8 
2.6 
5.2 
10.6 
1.3 
.2 




"orcibic rape 
lobbery 

Aggravated assault 
urglary 
,arceny -theft 
/lotor vehicle theft 
Arson 


(■) 
.7 
2.0 
1.7 
23.0 
.6 
.1 


Violent crime' 


359,723 
1,472,197 


322.721 
1.137.042 


37,002 
335.155 


89.7 

77.2 


10.3 
22.8 


4.6 
18.7 


4.9 
17.3 


2.8 
25.5 








1,831,920 


1.459.763 


372.157 


79.7 


20.3 


23.2 


22.2 


28.3 




)ther assaults 


359,220 
58,602 

140,892 
5,432 
94,000 

183,858 

138,816 

99,000 

54,177 
447,961 
35,955 
21.148 
871.639 

370,497 
894,554 
674,894 
29,235 
1,365,504 
13,930 
84,783 
114,404 


307,205 
39,256 
85,376 
3,762 
83,643 
167,291 
128,501 

26,156 
49,694 

389,930 
32.706 
17.332 

778.637 

314.557 
823.075 
568.394 
24.536 
1,145,921 
12,006 
66,467 
53,379 


52.015 
19.346 
55.516 
1.670 
10.357 
16.567 
10.315 

72,844 
4,483 

58,031 
3,249 
3,816 

93,002 

55,940 
71,479 
106,500 
4,699 
219,583 
1,924 
18.316 
61.025 


85.5 
67.0 
60.6 
69.3 
89.0 
91.0 
92.6 

26.4 
91.7 
87.0 
91.0 
82.0 
89.3 

84.9 
92.0 
84.2 
83.9 
83.9 
86.2 
78.4 
46.7 


14.5 
33.0 
39.4 
30.7 
11.0 
9.0 
7.4 

73.6 
8.3 

13.0 
9.0 

18.0 

10.7 

15.1 
8.0 
15.8 
16.1 
16.1 
13.8 
21.6 
53.3 


4.6 
.7 
1.8 
.1 
1.2 
2.3 
1.8 

1.3 
.7 

5.7 

.5 

.3 

11.0 

4.7 
11.3 

8.6 

.4 

17.3 

1.1 
1,4 


4.7 
.6 
1.3 
.1 
1.3 
2.5 
2.0 

.8 
5.9 

.5 

.3 

11.8 

4.8 
12.5 
8.6 
.4 
17.4 
.2 
1.0 
.8 


4.0 




raud 

embezzlement 

tolen property, buying, receiving possessing 

Vandalism .... 

Veapons: carrying, possessing, etc 

restitution and commercialized vice 

ex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 

)rug abuse violations 

>ambling 

)ffenses against family and children 
driving under the inHuence 

iquor laws . . 
drunkenness . 
disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

dl other offenses (except traffic) 
uspicion 

urfew and loitering law violations 


4.2 
.1 
.8 

1.3 
.8 

5.5 
.3 
4.4 

-2 
.3 
7.1 

4.3 
5.4 
8.1 
.4 
16.7 

1.4 







'Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

'Less than one-tenth of I percent. 

'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 

•Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. 

'Includes arson. 



189 



Table 42.— City Arrest Trends, Sex, 1980-1981 

[8,122 agencies; 1981 estimated population 140,828,000] 



Percent 
change 



Percent 



Percent 



TOTAL 

Murder and nonnegligent 

manslaughter 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary 

Larceny-theft 

Motor vehicle theft 

Arson 

Violent crime' 

Property crime^ — 



Crime Index total' 



Other assaults 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. 

Prostitution and commercialized 
vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape 
and prostitution) 

Drug abuse violations 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and 

children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) . 
Suspicion (not included in totals) .. 
Curfew and loitering law violations 
Runaways 



11,850 
21,713 
1 10,224 
163,567 
328,123 
648,248 
90,726 
11,564 



299,457 
34,875 
78,950 
3,570 

78,098 
168,638 
118,543 



12,884 
22,041 
115,923 
166,918 
332,984 
687,036 
84,088 
11,784 



1,236 
3,382 
34,975 
25,293 
150,401 
259,845 
41,517 
5.590 



24,869 
146,077 
258,169 

34,368 



1,747 
198 
8,540 
24,513 
21,509 
278,134 
8,499 
1,633 



1,858 
212 
9,004 
25,310 
22,342 
296,944 
8,339 
1,526 



317,766 
.115,892 



2,537 


2,660 


4,709 


4,701 


10,072 


9,835 


94,298 


94.712 


4,521 


4,066 


633 


537 


7,407 


7,536 


109,524 


109,150 



300,310 
38,577 
84,154 
3,679 

82,360 
163.353 
126,115 



53,423 

5,042 

4,196 

529 

25,845 
85,723 
19,239 



45,323 


48,668 


350,539 


382,446 


38,357 


32,354 


16,221 


16,994 


702,036 


756.656 


290,491 


307.184 


795,892 


807,987 


538,663 


557,873 


23,144 


24,434 


,058,146 


1.118,508 


13,089 


11,761 


46.829 


65,527 


44,080 


52,398 



8,023 


8,279 


67,208 


54,071 


1,528 


1,144 


953 


1,144 


17,294 


16,473 


87,998 


86,008 


29,343 


25,798 


89,167 


88,338 


2,945 


2,468 


192,202 


213,437 


2,624 


2,412 


46,829 


65,527 


44,080 


52,398 



49,682 
16,234 
54,122 
1.427 



50,799 
19.022 
54,655 
1,622 



3,757 


4,452 


53,544 


56,853 


4,191 


3,218 


3,343 


3,716 


77,803 


90.486 


51,219 


54,688 


66,411 


70,298 


101,057 


104,666 


3,874 


4,684 


189,860 


213,467 


2,116 


1,891 


14.061 


17.938 


63,376 


59.664 



14,549 


14,181 


2.190 


2,064 


1.571 


2,884 


195 


184 


2.512 


2,420 


7.445 


7,109 


1.195 


1,306 



627 


673 


13,162 


12,134 


71 


61 


607 


849 


2,098 


2,085 


25.445 


25,974 


4,755 


4,289 


18,995 


17,531 


525 


507 


46,322 


52,678 


568 


515 


14,061 


17,938 


63,376 


59.664 



'Violent en 
'Property c 



Table 43.— City Arrests, Distribution by Race, 1981 

[8,871 agencies; 1981 estimated population 144,392,000] 





Total arrests 


Percent distribution' 


Offense charged 


Total 


White 


Black 


American 
Indian 

Alaskan 
Native 


Asian 

or 
Pacific 
Islander 


Total 


White 


Black 


American 
Indian 

Alaskan 

Native 


Asian 

Pacific 
Islander 


TOTAL 


7,875,684 


5,515,944 


2,231,901 


78,160 


49,679 


100.0 


70.0 


28.3 


1.0 


.6 


Murder and nonnegligent 

manslaughter 
Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary 

Larceny-theft 
Motor vehicle theft 
Arson 


14,874 
22,561 
126,423 
195,937 
361,597 
1,001,474 
93,899 
13,549 


6,310 
9,978 
45,361 
111,729 
232,459 
645,107 
60,151 
10,194 


8,381 
12,204 
79,689 
81,428 
124,730 
336.611 
32,140 
3,199 


54 

208 

583 

1.535 

2,237 

9,326 

773 

87 


129 

171 

790 

1,245 

2,171 

10,430 

835 

69 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


42.4 
44.2 
35.9 
57.0 
64.3 
64.4 
64.1 
75.2 


56.3 
54.1 
63.0 
41.6 
34.5 
33.6 
34.2 
23.6 




4 
9 
5 
8 
6 
9 
8 
6 


I 


9 

8 
6 

6 

9 

5 


Violent ciime' 
Property crime' 


359,795 
1,470,519 


173,378 
947,911 


181,702 
496.680 


2,380 
12,423 


2,335 
13,505 


100.0 
100.0 


48.2 
64.5 


50.5 
33.8 


.7 
.8 


.6 
.9 




1,830,314 


1,121,289 


678.382 


14,803 


15.840 


100.0 


61.3 


37.1 


.8 










358,634 

58,521 

140,924 

5,427 

93,884 
183,580 
138,607 

98,992 

54,090 
446,506 
35,955 
21.093 
869,442 

369,723 
892,293 
673,786 
29,231 
1,362,158 
13,862 
84,534 
114,128 


225,470 
35.106 
89,522 
3,908 

58.013 
145.385 
80.967 

48.229 

41.135 
313.063 
10,006 
13,017 
756.376 

331,885 
718.957 
420,917 
20,102 
926,224 
8,085 
60,944 
87,344 


127,898 
22,937 
50,052 
1,454 

35,073 
35,847 
56,103 

49,470 

12,028 
129,376 

24,806 

7,792 

100,086 

29,731 
150,841 
244,129 
8,509 
414,097 
5,713 
22,717 
24,860 


2,968 
275 
653 
19 

439 
1,490 
677 

357 

530 

1.701 

78 

240 
8,658 

6,553 

20,855 

6,666 

455 

9,313 

22 

559 

849 


2,298 
203 
697 
46 

359 
858 
860 

936 

397 

2,366 

1,065 

44 

4,322 

1.554 

1,640 

2,074 

165 

12,524 

42 

314 

1,075 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


62.9 
60.0 
63.5 
72.0 

61.8 
79.2 
58.4 

48.7 

76.0 
70.1 
27.8 
61.7 
87.0 

80'6 
62.5 
68.8 
68.0 
58.3 
72.1 
76.5 


35.7 
39.2 
35.5 
26.8 

37.4 
19.5 
40.5 

50.0 

22.2 
29.0 
69.0 
36.9 
11.5 

8.0 
16.9 
36.2 
29.1 
30.4 
41.2 
26.9 
21.8 


.8 

.5 
.5 
.4 

.5 
.8 
.5 

.4 

1.0 
.4 
.2 
1.1 
1.0 

1.8 

2.3 




Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 


.3 
.5 


Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice .. 
Sex offenses (except forcible 
rape and prostitution) 


.4 
.5 
.6 

.9 

.7 


Gambling 

3ffenses against family and children ... 


3.0 

.2 


Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 


2 






Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Runaways 


1.6 

.7 
.2 
.7 
.7 







See footnotes at end of table. 



191 



Table 43.— Oty Arrests, Distribution by Race, 1981— Continued 



Percent distribution' 



TOTAL 

Murder and nonnegligent 

manslaughter 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary 

Larceny-theft 

Motor vehicle theft 

Arson 

Violent crime' 

Property crime' 

Crime Index total* 

Other assaults 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. . 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 
Sex offenses (except forcible 

rape and prostitution) 

Drug abuse violations 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 
Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) . 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations 
Runaways 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,489 
3,681 
38,262 
30,069 
158,826 
359,531 
39,111 
6,258 



1,393 
11,466 
17,717 
109,547 
244,699 
27,571 
5,218 



836 
2,267 
26,424 
11.995 
47,090 
107,396 
10.742 
974 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



67,086 


42,325 


23,609 


6,714 


5,295 


1.340 


12,578 


6,462 


5,953 


712 


562 


138 


27,620 


19,122 


8,231 


89,124 


74,322 


13,909 


21,997 


14,747 


6,929 


2,929 


1.400 


1,473 


9.132 


6,461 


2,562 


77,006 


62,542 


13,566 


1.234 


196 


999 


2,013 


1,348 


588 


19,014 


18,290 


499 


113,503 


108,264 


3,190 


30,397 


28,290 


1,481 


107,081 


73,912 


32,387 


3.014 


2.572 


416 


270.216 


186.064 


80,777 


2.949 


2.438 


501 


84,534 


60,944 


22,717 


114.128 


87.344 


24,860 



100.0 


63.1 


35.2 


100.0 


78.9 


20.0 


100.0 


51.4 


47.3 


100.0 


78.9 


19.4 


100.0 


69.2 


29.8 


100.0 


83.4 


15.6 


100.0 


67.0 


31.5 


100.0 


47.8 


50.3 


100.0 


70.8 


28.1 


100.0 


81.2 


17.6 


100.0 


15.9 


81.0 


100.0 


67.0 


29.2 


1 00.0 


96.2 


2.6 


100.0 


95.4 


2.8 


100.0 


93.1 


4.9 


100.0 


69.0 


30.2 


100.0 


85.3 


13.8 


100.0 


68.9 


29.9 


100.0 


82.7 


17.0 


100.0 


72.1 


26.9 



192 



fable 43.-City Arrests, Distribution 


by Race, 1981— Continued 




















ArresU 18 and over 


Percent distribution- 


Offense charged 


Total 


White 


Black 


American 
Indian 

Alaskan 
Native 


Asian 

Pacific 
Islander 


Total 


White 


Black 


American 
Indian 

Alaskan 
Native 


Asian 

Pacific 
Islander 




6,175,476 


4,294,800 


1,778,052 


65,725 


36,899 


100.0 


69.5 


28.8 


1.1 








Murder and nonnegligent 


13,385 
18,880 
88,161 
165,868 
202,771 
641,943 
54,788 
7,291 


5,677 
8,585 
33,895 
94,012 
122,912 
400,408 
32,580 
4,976 


7,545 
9,937 
53,265 
69.433 
77,640 
229,215 
21,398 
2,225 


52 

196 

479 

1,351 

1,244 

6,120 

402 

46 


162 

522 
1,072 

975 
6,200 

408 
44 


lOO.O 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


42.4 
45.5 
38.4 
567 
60.6 
62.4 
59.5 
68.2 


56.4 
52.6 
60.4 
41.9 
38.3 
35.7 
39.1 
30.5 






orcible rape 

lobbery 

Aggravated assault 


1 
1 




5 
8 
6 


7 


.9 
.6 
.6 
.5 
1.0 




arceny-theft 

dotor vehicle theft 




.6 








286,294 
906,793 


142,169 
560,876 


140,180 
330,478 


2,078 
7,812 


1.867 
7.627 


100.0 
100.0 


49,7 
61.9 


49.0 
36.4 


.7 
.9 


.7 
.8 








1,193,087 


703,045 


470.658 


9,890 


9,494 


100.0 


58.9 


39.4 


.8 








)ther assaults 


291,548 

51,807 

128,346 

4,715 

66,264 
94,456 
116,610 

96,063 

44,958 
369,500 
34.721 
19,080 
850,428 

256.220 
861,896 
566,705 
26,217 
1,091,942 
10,913 


183,145 
29,811 
83,060 
3,346 

38,891 
71,063 
66,220 

46,829 

34,674 

250,521 

9,810 

11,669 
738,086 

223,621 
690,667 
347,005 
17,530 
740,160 
5,647 


104,289 
21,597 
44,099 
1,316 

26,842 
21,938 
49,174 

47,997 

9.466 
115,810 
23,807 

7.204 
99,587 

26.541 
149,360 
211,742 

8,093 
333,320 

5,212 


2,462 
231 
603 

300 
983 
545 

336 

497 

1.316 

73 

173 
8,485 

4.804 
20,309 
6,146 
441 
8,097 
20 


1.652 
168 
584 
39 

231 
472 
671 

901 

321 

1.853 

1.031 

34 

4.270 

1.254 
1.560 

'l53 

10,365 

34 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


62.8 
57.5 
64.7 
71.0 

58.7 
75.2 
568 

48.7 

77.1 
67.8 
28.3 
61.2 
86.8 

87.3 
80.1 
61.2 
66.9 
67.8 
51.7 


35.8 
41.7 
34.4 
27.9 

40.5 
23.2 
42.2 

50.0 

21.1 
31.3 
68.6 
37.8 
11.7 

10.4 
17.3 
37.4 
30.9 
30.5 
47.8 


.8 
.4 
.5 
.3 

.5 
1.0 
.5 

.3 

1.1 
.4 
.2 
.9 

1.0 

1.9 
2.4 
1.1 

1.7 
.7 
.2 


.6 




raud 

mbezzlement 

tolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

Vandalism 

Veapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

restitution and commercialized vice .. 
ex offenses (except forcible 
rape and prostitution) 


.5 
.8 

.3 
.5 
.6 

.9 

.7 
.5 
3.0 
.2 


'ambhng 

)ffenses against family and children ... 


iquor laws 

Jrunkenness 

Jisorderly conduct 

'agrancy 

Ill other offenses (except traffic) 

"=^P''=ion 

urfew and loitering law violations .... 


.5 
.2 
.3 
.6 
.9 
.3 











































'Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to tolal. 

'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
'Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny- theft, motor vehicle theft, and arsoi 
^Includes arson. 



193 



Table 44.— City Arrests, Distribution by Ethnic Origin, 1981 

(7,510 agencies; 1981 estimated population 122,761,000] 





Toul all ages 




Number of arrests 


Percent distribution 


Offense charged 






Non- 






Non- 




Total 


Hispanic 


Hispanic 


Total 


Hispanic 


Hispanic 


TOTAL 


6,705,286 


775,892 


5,929,394 


100.0 


11.6 


88.4 






Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 


13,025 


2,298 


10,727 


100.0 


17.6 


82.4 


Forcible rape 
Robbery 
Aggravated assault 


19,162 


1.965 


17,197 


100.0 


10.3 


89.7 


108,521 


13,686 


94,835 


100.0 


12.6 


87.4 


163,019 


22,287 


140,732 


100.0 


13.7 


86.3 


Burglary 
Larceny-theft 
Motor vehicle theft 


302,217 


39,251 


262,966 


100.0 


13.0 


87.0 


829,763 


83,303 


746,460 


100.0 


10.0 


90.0 


81,477 


12.478 


68,999 


100.0 


15.3 


Td 


Arson 


11,382 


939 


10,443 


100.0 


8.2 


91.8 


Violent crime' 


303,727 


40,236 


263,491 


100.0 


13.2 


86.8 


Property crime' 


1,224,839 


135,971 


1,088,868 


100.0 


11.1 


88.9 


rime n ex 


1,528,566 


176,207 


1,352,359 


100.0 


11.5 


88.S 






Other assaults 


299,778 


26,974 


272,804 


100.0 


9.0 


91.C 


Forgery and counterfeiting 


50,274 


3,279 


46,995 


100.0 


6.5 


93.5 


Fraud 


120,926 


5,259 


115,667 


100.0 


4.3 


95.7 


E mberzlcment 


4,806 


355 


4,451 


100.0 


7.4 


92.6 


Stolen property buying, receiving, possessing 


74,654 


9,111 


65.543 


100.0 


12.2 


87.8 


Vandalism 


154,299 


12,727 


141,572 


100.0 


8.2 


91. S 




116,318 


16,605 


99,713 


100.0 


14.3 


85.7 


Prostitution and commercialized vice 


90,839 


4,830 


86,009 


100.0 


5.3 


94.: 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 


46,168 


4,855 


41,313 


100.0 


10.5 


89.: 


Drug abuse violations 


366,916 


37.016 


329,900 


100.0 


10.1 


89.< 


Gambling 


31,412 


2,799 


28,613 


100.0 


8.9 


91.: 


Offenses against family and children 


18,502 


969 


17,533 


100.0 


5.2 


94.1 


Driving under the innuence 


759,775 


89,201 


670,574 


100.0 


11.7 


88.: 


Liquor laws 


319,361 


24,029 


295,332 


100.0 


7.5 


92.: 


Drunkenness 


795,818 


143,952 


651,866 


100.0 


18.1 


81.< 


Disorderly conduct 


574,486 


44,818 


529,668 


100.0 


7.8 


92.: 


Vagrancy 


24,584 


4,484 


20,100 


100.0 


18.2 


81.1 


All other offenses (except traffic) 


1,147,593 


152,253 


995,340 


100.0 


13.3 


86.- 


Suspicion 


8,049 


934 


7,115 


100.0 


11.6 


88.' 




74,460 


5,251 


69,209 


100.0 


7.1 


92.' 




97,702 


9,984 


87,718 


100.0 


10.2 


89.1 



See footnotes at end of table. 



fable 44.— City Arrests, Distribution by Ethnic Origin, 1981— Continued 



Under 18 years of age 



Non- 
Hispanic 



Percent distribution 



Non- 
Hispanic 



blurder and nonnegligent manslaughter 

"orcible rape 

lobbery 

Aggravated assault 

Jurglary 

^arceny-theft 

tlotor vehicle theft 

Arson 



Property crime' 



Crime Index total' 



1,334 
3,043 
33,217 
24,319 
131,749 
296,881 
33,815 
5,187 



Jther assaults 
'orgery and c( 

'raud 

imbezzlement 

Stolen property, buymg, receivmg, possessmg 

Vandalism .... 

Veapons; cariymg, possessmg etc 

'restitution and commerciali/ed vice 

iex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 

3rug abuse violations 

jambling 

)ffenses against family and children 
driving under the influence 

Jquor laws .. 
drunkenness . 
disorderly conduct 

/agrancy 

VII other offenses (except traffic) 

iuspicion 

-urfew and loitenng law 

violations . 
Runaways 

Jee footnotes at end of table. 



53,442 

5,826 

11,810 

636 



2,507 
7,737 
61.440 



97,886 
27,151 
85,886 
2,252 
228,975 
1,912 



326 


1.008 


308 


2,735 


4,209 


29.008 


4,265 


20,054 


16,412 


115,337 


28,442 


268,439 


4,785 


29,030 


467 


4,720 


9,108 


52,805 


50,106 


417,526 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



5,823 


47,619 


358 


5,468 


2.451 


9,359 


64 


572 


2.662 


18,961 


6.550 


65.651 


3,425 


14.934 


154 


2.353 


924 


6,813 


6.711 


54.729 


59 


1.068 


182 


1.700 


1.678 


14.930 


6,501 


91.385 


7,448 


19.703 


8,579 


77.307 


432 


1,820 


33,807 


195,168 


186 


1,726 


5,251 


69,209 


9,984 


87,718 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



195 



Table 44.— City Arrests, Distribution by Ethnic Origin, 1981— Continued 





18 years of age and over 




Number of arrests 


Percent distribution 








Non- 
Hispanic 






Non- 
Hispanic 




Total 


Hispanic 


Total 


Hispanic 




5,284,319 


613,449 


4,670,870 


100.0 


11.6 










11 691 


1 972 


9 719 


1000 


16 9 


83 1 


Forcible rape 


16,119 


1,657 


14,462 


100.0 


10.3 


89.7 


Robbery . 


75.304 


9,477 


65,827 


100.0 


12.6 


87.4 


Aggravated assault 


138,700 


18,022 


120,678 


100.0 


13.0 


87.0 


Burglary . 


170,468 


22,839 


147,629 


100.0 


13.4 


86.6 


Larceny-theft 


532,882 


54,861 


478,021 


100.0 


10.3 


89.7 


Motor vehK-le theft 


47,662 


7,693 


39,969 


100.0 


16.1 


83.9 


Arson .... 


6,195 


472 


5,723 


lOO.O 


7.6 


92.4 


















757,207 


85,865 


671,342 


100.0 


11.3 


88 7 








999,021 


116,993 


882,028 


100.0 


11.7 








Other assaults 


246,336 


21,151 


225,185 


100.0 


8.6 


91.4 


Forgtry and counterfeiting 


44,448 


2,921 


41,527 


100.0 


6.6 


93.4 


Fraud 


109,116 


2,808 


106,308 


100.0 


2.6 


97.4 


Embe77lement 


4,170 


291 


3,879 


100.0 


7.0 


93.0 


Stolen property, buying, receivmg, possessing 


53,031 


6,449 


46,582 


100.0 


12.2 


87.8 


Vandalism 


82,098 


6,177 


75,921 


100.0 


7.5 


92.5 


Weapons carrying possessing etc 


97,959 


13,180 


84,779 


100.0 


13.5 


86.5 


Prostitution and commercialized vice 


88,332 


4,676 


83,656 


100.0 


5.3 


94.7 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 


38,431 


3,931 


34,500 


100.0 


102 


89.8 


Drug abuse violations 


305,476 


30,305 


275,171 


100.0 


9.9 


90.1 


Gambling 


30,285 


2,740 


27,545 


100.0 


9.0 


91.0 


Offenses against family and children 


16,620 


787 


15,833 


100.0 


4.7 


95.3 


Driving under the influence 


743,167 


87,523 


655,644 


100.0 


11.8 


88.2 


liquor laws 


221,475 


17,528 


203,947 


100.0 


7.9 


92.1 


Drunkenness 


768,667 


136,504 


632.163 


lOO.O 


17.8 


82.2 


Disorderly conduct 


488,600 


36.239 


452,361 


100.0 


7.4 


92.6 


Vagrano 


22,332 


4,052 


18,280 


100.0 


18.1 


81.9 


All oiher offenses (except traffic) 


918,618 


118,446 


800,172 


100.0 


12.9 


87.1 


Suspicion 


6,137 


748 


5,389 


100.0 


12.2 


87.8 
















B unaways 

























fable 45.— Suburban County Arrest Trends, 1980-1981 

1,019 agencies; 1981 estimated population 39,432,000] 





Number of persons arrested 


Offense charged 


Total all ages 


Under 18 years of age 


18 years of age and over 




1980 


1981 


Percent 
change 


1980 


1981 


Percent 
change 


1980 


1981 


Percent 

change 


TOTAL 


1,370,225 


1,433,228 


+ 4.6 


252,557 


231,637 


-8.3 


1,117,668 


1,201,591 


+ 7.5 






3,015 
4,727 
15,975 
42,169 
83,637 
132,386 
19,454 
3,272 


3,341 
4,793 
16,497 
43,147 
81,968 
135,809 
18,442 
3,671 


+ 10.8 

+ 3J 
+ 2.3 
-2.0 
+ 2.6 
-5.2 
+ 12.2 


264 
618 
3,736 
5,979 
37,909 
47,880 
8,201 
1,373 


258 
558 
3,366 
5,535 
34,409 
43,203 
6,833 
1,460 


-2.3 
-9.7 
-9.9 
-7.4 
-9.2 
-9.8 
-16.7 
+ 6.3 


2,751 
4,109 
12,240 
36,190 
45,728 
84,506 
11,253 
1,899 


3.083 
4.235 
13.131 
37,612 
47.559 
92.606 
11.609 
2.211 


+ 12.1 
+ 3.1 
+ 7.3 
+ 3.9 
+ 4.0 
+ 9.6 
+ 3.2 

+ 16.4 


"orcible rape 

lobbery 


urglary 

.arceny-theft 


^rson 




65,887 
238,749 


67,778 
239,890 


+ 2.9 

+ .5 


10,597 
95,363 


9,717 
85,905 


-8.3 
-9.9 


55,290 
143,386 


58.061 
153,985 


+ 5.0 

+ 7.4 








304,636 


307,668 


+ 1.0 


105,960 


95,622 


-9.8 


198,676 


212.046 


+ 6.7 




)ther assaults 


65,448 
13,283 
65,176 

1,759 
18,656 
30,675 
19,084 

3,195 

10,207 
78,972 
3,138 
17,205 
291,211 

38,679 
92,034 
41,674 
1,569 
245,225 
671 
3,550 
24,849 


65,613 
14,051 
69,235 
1,677 
19,523 
28,670 
21,712 

3,838 

10,164 
83,479 
3,566 
16,458 
311,052 

42,284 
94,015 
40,954 
1,739 
270,793 
576 
4,767 
21,970 


+ .3 
+ 5.8 
+ 6.2 

-4.7 
+ 4.6 

-6.5 
+ 13.8 

+ 20.1 

+ 5J 

+ 13.6 

-4.3 

+ 6.8 

+ 9.3 

+ 2.2 

-1.7 

+ 10.8 

+ 10.4 

-14.2 
+ 34.3 

-11.6 


10,104 
1,179 
958 
139 
4,526 
15,270 
2,669 

126 

1,776 

13,763 

88 

260 

5,261 

14,181 
5,181 
6,798 
411 
35,508 
177 
3,550 
24,849 


9,216 
1.045 
935 
97 
4,104 
13,079 
2,702 

89 

1,624 

12,984 

104 

236 

5,003 

14,036 
4,225 
5,813 
458 
33,528 
69 
4,767 
21,970 


-8.8 
-11.4 

-2.4 
-30.2 

-9.3 
-14.3 
+ 1.2 

-29.4 

-8.6 
-5.7 
+ 18.2 
-9.2 
-4.9 

-1.0 
-18.5 
-14.5 
+ 11.4 
-5.6 
-61.0 
+ 34.3 
-11.6 


^ 55,344 
12,104 
64,218 
1,620 
14,130 
15,405 
16,415 

3,069 

8,431 
65.209 
3,050 
16.945 
285.950 

24.498 
86.853 
34.876 
1.158 
209.717 
494 


56.397 
13.006 
68.300 
1,580 
15,419 
15,591 
19,010 

3,749 

8,540 
70,495 
3,462 
16.222 
306.049 

28.248 
89.790 
35.141 
1.281 
237.265 
507 


+ 1.9 




raud 

embezzlement 


+ 6.4 
-2.5 




+ 1.2 
+ 15.8 

+ 22.2 

+ 1.3 
+ 8.1 
+ 13 5 






lex offenses (except forcible rape and 
prostitution) 


Jrug abuse violations 


OTenses against family and children 


-4.3 


Jquor laws 


+ 15.3 


Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

lunaways 


+ .8 
+ 10.6 
+ 13.1 
+ 2.6 















'Includes arson. 



Table 46.— Suburban County Arrests, Distribution by Age, 1981 

[1,131 agencies; 1981 estimated population 40,580,000] 





Total 
all 


Ages 

under 

15 


Ages 

under 

18 


Ages 
18 and 


Age 




Under 
10 


10-12 


13-14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 




1,459,983 
100.0 


66,304 
4.5 


234,745 
16.1 


U25,238 
83.9 


4,861 
.3 


15,187 
1.0 


46,256 
3J 


42,575 
2.9 


57J57 
3.9 


68,609 

4.7 


79,507 
5.4 


80,916 
5.5 












Murder and nonnegligent 


3,394 
4,838 
16,762 
43,761 
82,957 
138,342 
18,694 
3,718 


33 

127 

673 

1,588 

11,373 

15,091 

1,546 

837 


261 
559 
3,449 
5,633 
34,751 
43,881 
6,915 
1,469 


3.133 
4,279 
13,313 
38,128 
48,206 
94.461 
11.779 
2,249 


7 
17 
131 
874 
1,071 
25 
209 


7 

20 
113 
379 
2,818 
4,057 
189 
258 


26 

100 

543 

1,078 

7,681 

9,963 

1,332 

370 


37 
105 
614 
945 
6,594 
7,888 
1,595 
190 


78 
119 
921 
1,304 
8,147 
9,887 
1,929 
213 


113 
208 
1,241 
1,796 
8,637 
11,015 
1,845 
229 


177 
251 
1,431 
1,991 
7,634 
9,970 
1,534 
174 


169 
227 
1,350 
2.146 
6,172 
8,444 
1,234 
165 




Forcible rape 

Robbery 


251 

1,241 


Burglary 

Larceny-theft 

Motor vehicle theft 


4,781 
7,125 
978 


Arson 


143 




68,755 

100.0 

243,711 

100.0 


2,421 

3.5 

28,847 

11.8 


9,902 

14.4 

87,016 

35.7 


58,853 

85.6 

156,695 

64.3 


155 

.2 

2,179 

.9 


519 

.8 

7,322 

3.0 


1,747 

2.5 

19,346 

7.9 


1,701 

2.5 

16,267 

6.7 


2,422 

3.5 

20,176 

8.3 


3,358 

4.9 

21,726 

8.9 


3,850 

5.6 

19,312 

7.9 


3,892 

5.7 

16,015 

6.6 


3 740 












53 








312,466 
100.0 


31,268 
10.0 


96,918 
31.0 


215,548 
69.0 


2,334 

.7 


7,841 
2.5 


21,093 
6.8 


17,968 
5.8 


22,598 

7.2 


25,084 
8.0 


23,162 

7.4 


19,907 
6.4 






54 






Other assaults 


66,379 
14,242 
70.234 
1.690 

19,745 
29,150 
22,028 

3,860 

10,353 
85,377 
3,604 

17,812 
314,910 

42,813 
95,853 
42.544 
1,763 
277,574 
609 
4,774 
22,203 


2,815 
118 
123 
17 

987 

5,909 

607 

11 

637 

1,819 

11 

64 
137 

838 

313 

1,322 

97 

9,213 

10 

865 

9,123 


9,320 

1,060 

953 

97 

4,131 
13,290 
2,720 

90 

1,648 

13,097 

104 

239 
5,046 

14,149 
4,264 
5,925 
472 
34,174 
71 
4,774 
22,203 


57,059 
13,182 
69,281 
1,593 

15,614 
15,860 
19,308 

3,770 

8,705 
72,280 
3,500 

17,573 
309.864 

28,664 
91,589 
36,619 
1,291 
243,400 
538 


230 
2 
14 

32 
919 
26 

44 
26 

3 

21 
38 

22 
7 

115 
2 

720 

7 
298 


689 
29 

28 
3 

178 
1,948 
138 

159 
191 

12 
20 

43 
24 
313 
16 
1,836 

112 
1,606 


1,896 
87 
81 
13 

777 
3,042 
443 

11 

434 

1,602 

8 

31 
79 

773 

282 

894 

79 

6,657 

9 

746 

7,219 


1,624 
179 
104 
16 

785 
2,113 
474 

9 

270 

2,218 

17 

50 
144 

1,715 

538 

892 

96 

6,333 

13 

1,061 

5,956 


2,134 
291 
246 
23 

1,064 

2,501 

699 

27 

362 

3.725 

31 

60 
1,112 

4,057 
1,125 
1,489 
133 
8,395 
16 
2,189 
4,980 


2,747 
472 
480 
41 

1,295 
2,767 
940 

43 

379 

5,335 

45 

65 
3,653 

7,539 

2,288 

2,222 

146 

10,233 

32 

659 

2,144 


2,880 

662 

1,404 

54 

1,576 
2.092 
1,181 

225 

397 

6,718 

49 

359 
9,030 

7,376 
4,516 
2,884 
126 
14,768 
48 


3,133 

716 

2,006 

59 

1,453 
1.662 
1,236 

324 

436 

6,794 

80 

444 
11,992 

6,143 
5,064 
2,910 
110 
16,411 
36 


3 240 


Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving. 


762 

2,859 

64 


Vandalism 


1,441 
1,121 

297 

432 

6,628 

92 

547 
13,687 

4,339 
4.994 
2.675 
123 
16,743 
45 


Prostitution and commercialized 
vice 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape 
and prostitution) 


Gambling 

Offenses against family and 
children 


Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 




Curfew and loitering law violations 














See footnotes at end of table. 

198 





























able 4«.— Suburban County Arrests, Distribution by Age, 


1981-Continued 
















OfTense charged 


Age 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25-29 


30-34 


35-39 


40^44 


45-49 


50-54 


55-59 


60-64 


65 and 


TOTAL . .. 


74,184 
5.1 


67,674 
4.6 


65,192 
4.5 


62,880 
4.3 


238,456 
16.3 


163,505 
11.2 


106,138 

7.3 


72,454 
5.0 


50,152 
3.4 


36,787 
2.5 


23,700 
1.6 


13,371 
.9 


12,234 
.8 






urder and nonnegligenl 


155 

265 

1,078 

2,169 

3,969 

6,020 

859 

143 


150 
231 
1,(X)0 
2,134 
3,272 
5,199 
770 
121 


164 

231 

833 

2,026 

2,881 

4,934 

704 

139 


148 

254 

822 

1,938 

2,606 

4,532 

595 

93 


645 
951 
2.696 
7.760 
8.063 
16,964 
2,086 
424 


471 
646 
1,398 
5,404 
4,052 
11,317 
1,202 
277 


300 

414 

663 

3,564 

2,113 

6,544 

721 

196 


199 
226 
365 
2,549 
1,100 
4,360 
453 
130 


137 
145 
190 

1,703 
628 

3.002 
281 
106 


95 
84 
118 
1,195 
401 
2,274 
167 
65 


68 
39 
67 
697 
252 
1.560 
95 
36 


36 
33 
25 
397 
110 
980 
33 
15 


65 




abbery 


36 
361 

172 




I 






67 
22 








3,667 

5.3 

10,991 

4.5 


3,515 
5.1 

9,362 
3.8 


3,254 
4.7 

8,658 
3.6 


3,162 
4.6 

7,826 
3.2 


12,052 
17.5 

27,537 
11.3 


7,919 

11.5 

16,848 

6.9 


4,941 
7.2 

9,574 
3.9 


3,339 
4.9 

6,043 
2.5 


2,175 
3.2 

4,017 
1.6 


1,492 
2.2 

2,907 
1.2 


871 

1.3 

1,943 

.8 


491 

.7 

1.138 

.5 


493 

.7 

1,497 

.6 






Percent distribution' 




Crime Index total* 


14,658 
47 


12,877 
4.1 


11,912 
3.8 


10.988 
3.5 


39.589 
12.7 


24.767 
7.9 


14,515 
4.6 


9,382 
3.0 


6.192 
2.0 


4,399 
1.4 


2,814 
.9 


1,629 
.5 


1,990 
.6 






3,338 

813 

3,148 

76 

1.150 
1,158 
1,151 

402 

419 

6,173 

95 

629 
15,424 

1,446 
5,150 
2,567 

84 
16,255 

48 


2,978 

758 

3,291 

79 

980 
933 
1.040 

320 

395 

5,439 

86 

725 
14,732 

1,059 
4,806 
2,190 

83 
14,851 

52 


2,966 

733 

3,467 

49 

880 
921 
1,051 

295 

408 

5,133 

106 

826 
15,013 

807 

4,614 

1,978 

67 

13.936 

30 


3,018 

850 

3,886 

78 

848 
837 
976 

254 

388 

4,861 

110 

908 
14,411 

735 

4,362 

1,958 

75 

13,298 

39 


11.787 

3.279 

16,042 

334 

2,857 
2,734 
3,863 

738 

1,539 

15,389 

482 

4,242 
60,367 

2,282 
16,491 
6.405 
263 
49,677 
96 


8,334 

2,109 

12,975 

291 

1,857 
1.596 
2.711 

368 

1,359 

7,765 

540 

3,664 
45,497 

1,184 
11,510 
4,205 
143 
32,582 
48 


5,624 
1,056 
8,451 
230 

1,094 
975 
1,816 

210 

924 
3,496 
436 

2,389 
32,647 

798 

8.223 

2,919 

77 

20,227 

31 


3,859 
658 

5,229 
105 

656 
527 
1.193 

122 

675 
1,723 
358 

1,422 
24,517 

599 

6,529 

2,058 

38 

12,781 

23 


2,493 

394 

2,971 

93 

425 
380 

722 

87 

444 
888 
301 

706 
18,647 

467 
5,066 
1,404 

35 
8,423 

14 


1,576 

212 

1,799 

38 

322 
253 
562 

57 

341 
564 
273 

425 
14,452 

357 
4,330 
1,060 

33 
5,721 

13 


921 
III 
980 
20 

150 

174 
331 

47 

231 
360 
195 

182 
9,688 

317 

2,929 

690 

12 

3,541 
7 


487 
37 

488 
16 

60 
84 
163 

168 
136 
149 

56 
5,479 

229 

1,673 

385 

19 

2,095 

4 


425 
32 
285 


rgery and counterfeiting 

aud 

nbezzlement 


alen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

indalism 


74 
93 
191 

10 

149 
213 
148 

49 
4.281 

526 

1,332 

331 

3 

2,091 

4 


eapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

ostitution and commercialized 


X offenses (except forcible rape 




unbling 

Tenses against family and 

children 

iving under the influence 

quor laws 
•unkenness 
sorderly conduct 
grancy 

other offenses (except traffic) 
sp.cion 
rfew and loitenng law violations 


naways 









'Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

^Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
'Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. 
•Includes arson. 



199 



Table 47.— Suburban County Arrests of Persons under 15, 18, 21, and 25 Years of Age, 1981 

[1,131 agencies; 1981 estimated population 40,580,000] 



Offense charged 



Number of persons arrested 



Percent of total 



3,394 
4,838 
16,762 
43,761 
82.957 
138,342 
18.694 
3,718 



TOTAL 

Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary 

Larceny-theft 

Motor vehicle theft 

Arson 

Violent crime' 

Property crime' 

Crime Index total' 

Other assaults 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 

prostitution) 

Drug abuse violations 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Runaways 



'Violent cnmes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
'Property crimes are offenses of burglary. larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson 
'Includes arson. 
*Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 



66,379 
14,242 
70,234 
1,690 
19,745 
29,150 
22,028 

3,860 

10,353 
85,377 
3,604 
17,812 
314,910 

42,813 
95,853 
42,544 



559 
3,449 
5,633 
34,751 
43,881 
6,915 
1,469 



53,338 
69,420 
10,661 



90,105 
13,589 
2,447 



12.9 


27.1 


41.9 


64.3 


31.7 


50.2 


37.0 


57.0 


39.5 


52.5 



14,149 
4.264 
5,925 



18,573 
3,200 
7,222 
274 
8,392 

18,485 
6,258 

936 

2,913 

33,237 

325 



32,007 
18,838 
14,394 



30,873 
6,354 
21,014 
556 
12,250 
22,334 
10,476 



36,054 
37,770 
23,087 
1,140 
140,436 



200 



rable 4«.— Suburban County Arrests, Distribution by Sex, 1981 

1,131 agencies; 1981 estimated population 40,580.000] 



Offense charged 


Number of persons arrested 


Percent 
male 


Percent 
female 


Percent distribution' 




Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


TOTAL 


1,459.983 


1,232,938 


227,045 


84.4 


15.6 


100.0 


100.0 






100.0 


lurder and nonnegligent manslaughter 


3,394 


2,976 


418 


87.7 


12.3 


2 


2 


.2 
(') 




4,838 


4,796 


42 


99.1 










16,762 


15,578 


1,184 


92.9 










43,761 


38,851 


4,910 


88.8 


11.2 


3.0 






arceny-theft 
lotor vehicle theft 


82,957 


77,585 


5,372 


93.5 


6.5 


5.7 


6.3 


24 


138,342 
18,694 


101,352 
17,054 


36,990 
1,640 


73.3 
91.2 


26.7 
8.8 


9.5 
1.3 


8.2 


16.3 




3,718 


3,271 


447 


88.0 


12.0 


.3 


.3 


.2 


Violent crime' 


68,755 


62,201 


6,554 


90.5 


9.5 


47 


50 


2 9 




243,711 


199,262 


44,449 


81.8 


18.2 


16.7 


16.2 


19.6 


Crime Index total' 


312,466 


261,463 


51,003 


83.7 


16.3 


21.4 


21.2 








her assaults 


66,379 


57,498 


8,881 










3.9 




14,242 


9,860 


4,382 


69.2 


30.8 






mbez/lement 


70,234 
1,690 


39,055 
1,282 


31,179 
408 


55.6 
75.9 


44.4 
24 1 


4.8 


3.2 


13.7 
.2 
9 


olen property, buying, receiving, possessing 


19,745 


17,735 


2,010 


89.8 


10.2 


1 4 


1 4 




29,150 


26,598 


2,552 


91.2 


8.8 


2 


2 2 




eapons carrying, possessing, etc 


22,028 


20.078 


1,950 


91.1 


8.9 


1.5 


1.6 


.9 


ostitution and commerciali/ed vice 


3,860 


1,137 


2,723 


29 5 


70 5 


3 




1.2 
.3 
5 6 


X offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 


10,353 


9,687 


666 








.8 
5 9 


rug abuse violations 
ambling 


85,377 


72,694 


12,683 


85.1 


14.9 


5.8 


3,604 


3,104 


500 


86 1 


13 9 


2 




.2 

.4 

14.2 




17,812 


16,841 


971 


94 5 


5 5 




1.4 
22.9 




314,910 


282,705 


32,205 


89.8 


10.2 


21.6 


quor laws 
runkenness 


42,813 
95,853 


35.957 
87,106 


6,856 
8,747 


84.0 


16.0 


2.9 


2.9 


3.0 
3.9 
2 7 


sordcrly conduct 


42,544 


36,476 


6,068 


85.7 


14.3 


2.9 


3.0 




1,763 
















1 other offenses (except traffic) 


277,574 


238,169 


39.405 


85.8 










rfew and loitering law violations 


609 

4,774 


530 
3,445 


79 
1,329 


87.0 
72.2 


13.0 
27.8 


,3 


3 


C) 
6 


maways 


22,203 


9,982 


12,221 


45.0 


55.0 


1.5 


.8 


5.4 



^Less than one-tenth of ! percent. 

^Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assa 
^Properly crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and a 
^Includes arson. 



201 



Table 49.— Suburban County Arrest Trends, Sex, 1980-1981 

[1,019 agencies; 1981 estimated population 39,432,000] 



Percent 
change 



Percent 



Percent 
change 



Murder and nonnegligent 

manslaughter 

Forcible rape 
Robbery 

Aggravated assault 
Burglary 
Larceny-theft 
Motor vehicle theft 
Arson ... 



Violent ci 
Property ' 



2,648 
4,683 
14,772 
37,568 
78,230 
97,032 
17,737 
2,934 



Crime Index total' 

Other assaults 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. . 

Prostitution and commercialized 
vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape 
and prostitution) 

Drug abuse violations 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) . . 
Suspicion (not included in totals) . . . 
Curfew and loitering law violations 
Runaways 



56,763 
9,217 
36,437 



2,930 
4,753 
15,325 
38,301 
76,676 
99,492 
16,824 
3,231 



243 
596 
3,425 
5,179 
35,344 
36,381 
7,330 
1,238 



4,713 
32,065 
33.045 
6,135 
1,301 



411 
40 
1,172 
4,846 
5,292 
36,317 
1,618 
440 



22 


13 


311 


255 


800 


822 


2,565 


2,344 


1,499 


10.158 



56,804 
9,723 

38,660 
1,270 

17,536 
26,162 
19,792 



8,161 


7.396 


861 


763 


641 


648 


97 


73 


4,136 


3,771 


14.068 


12,046 


2,536 


2,558 



9,464 


9,513 


67,003 


71,073 


2,686 


3,067 


16,048 


15,506 


262,874 


279,150 


32,528 


35,510 


83,828 


85,403 


35,915 


35,127 


1,416 


1,515 


210,396 


232,386 


559 


502 


2,541 


3.438 


10,851 


9.879 



5,448 
360 
27,913 
130 
2,541 
10,851 



'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
'Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arsor 
'Includes arson. 



10,842 
3,613 
4,674 
397 
26,330 
60 
3,438 



8,685 
4.066 

28.739 



6,774 
8,612 
5,827 



202 



ible 50.— Suburban County Arrests, Distribution by Race, 1981 

,114 agencies, 1981 estimated population 40,385,000] 





Total arrests 


Percent distribution' 


Offense charged 


Total 


White 


Black 


Indian 

Alaskan 
Native 


Asian 

Pacific 
Islander 


Total 


White 


Black 


American 
Indian 

Alaskan 
Native 


Pacific 
Islander 


TOTAL 


1,453,289 


1,187,548 


254,922 


6,529 


4,290 


100.0 


81.7 


17.5 


.4 


J 


urder and nonnegligeni 


3,387 
4,831 
16,745 
43,687 
82,847 
138,135 
18,687 
3,720 


2,345 
3,282 
9,180 
32,421 
65,887 
102,028 
14,682 
3,160 


1,024 
1,514 
7,498 
10,930 
16,535 
34,959 
3,866 
540 


17 
32 
228 
287 
529 
89 
13 


7 
18 
35 
108 
138 
619 
50 
7 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


69.2 
67.9 
54.8 
74.2 
79.5 
73.9 
78.6 
84.9 


30.2 
31.3 
44.8 
25.0 
20.0 
25.3 
20.7 
14.5 




.2 
.4 
.2 
.2 
.2 
.4 
.3 
.2 


jrciblc rape 

Dbbei> 

ggravjtLd assault 

irglary 

irceny theft 

otor vehicle theft 

rson 






Violent crime' 


68,650 
243,389 


47.228 
185,757 


20,966 
55,900 


288 
918 


168 
814 


100.0 
100.0 


68.8 
76.3 


30.5 
23.0 


.4 


.2 
.3 


Property crime' 


Crime Index total' 


312,039 


232,985 


76,866 


1,206 


982 


100.0 


74.7 


24.6 


.4 


.3 




iier assaults 

rgery and counterfeiting 

aud 

nbezzlement 

olen property; buying, receiving. 


66,340 
14,222 
73,304 
1,690 

19,737 
29,140 
22,058 

3,837 

10,331 
85,109 
3,616 
17,798 
306,258 

43,320 
95,024 
42,439 
1,753 
277,797 
597 
4,752 
22,128 


52,115 
9.800 

52.765 
1.306 

14,654 
26,272 
16,970 

2,478 

8,810 
71,768 
2,248 
11,372 
277,509 

40,932 
85,658 
35,960 
1,486 
217,376 
473 
4,335 
20,276 


13,717 

4,337 

20,277 

368 

4,955 
2,711 
4,955 

1,320 

1,447 
13,004 
1,351 
6,354 
25.693 

2,157 

8,097 

6,135 

244 

58,748 

117 

404 

1,665 


316 
50 

175 
10 

83 
105 
71 

7 

32 

192 

8 

56 

1,358 

157 

1,152 

298 

12 

1,073 

7 

8 

153 


192 
35 
87 
6 

45 
52 
62 

32 

42 

145 

9 

16 

1.698 

74 
117 
46 
11 
600 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
lOO.O 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


78.6 
68.9 
72.0 
77.3 

74.2 
90.2 
76.9 

64.6 

85.3 
84.3 
62.2 
63.9 
90.6 

94.5 
90.1 
84.7 
84.8 
78.2 
79.2 
91.2 
91.6 


20.7 
30.5 
27.7 
21.8 

25.1 
9.3 
22.5 

34.4 

14.0 
15.3 
37.4 
35.7 
8.4 

5.0 
8.5 
14.5 
13.9 
21.1 
19.6 
8.5 
7.5 


.5 

.4 

■I 

'.i 

.2 

.3 
.2 
.2 
.3 
.4 

L2 
.7 
.7 


.3 
.2 

.4 


mdalism 

eapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

ostitution and commercialized vice .. 
X offenses (except forcible 


.2 
.3 

.8 






unbling 

Tenses against family and children ... 


.2 


quor laws 

runkenness 


.2 


»g'-^':y 

1 other offenses (except trafTic) 


.6 

.2 


irfew and loitering law violations .... 
inaways 


5 
34 




2 
7 


.2 



See footnotes at end of table. 



203 



Table 50.— Suburban County Arrests, Distribution by Race, 1981— Continued 



Offense charged 



Arrests under 18 



Percent distribution' 



TOTAL 

Murder and nonnegligenl 

manslaughter 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary 

Larceny-theft 

Motor vehicle theft 

Arson 

Violent crime' 

Property crime' ... 



Crime Index total* 



Other assaults 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. . 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 
Sex offenses (except forcible 

rape and prostitution) 

Drug abuse violations 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 
Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) .. 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations 
Runaways 



259 
556 
3,446 
5,623 
34,668 
43,782 
6,897 
1,467 



5,915 

462 

33,768 



100.0 
100.0 
1000 
100.0 



28,848 
34,284 
5,779 



9,317 


7,390 


1.056 


914 


950 


818 


97 


82 


4.129 


3,328 


3.268 


12,304 


2,719 


2,216 



5,061 
402 
29,483 
65 
4,335 
20,276 



100.0 
100.0 
lOO.O 
100.0 



100.0 


83.8 


100.0 


89,6 


100.0 


51.0 


100.0 


88.2 


100.0 


97,1 


100.0 


98.1 


100.0 


94,3 


100.0 


85,6 


100.0 


87,0 


100.0 


87.3 


1 00.0 


91,5 


100.0 


91.2 


100.0 


91.6 



See footnotes at end of table. 



204 



able 50.-Suburban County Arrests 


Distribution by Race 


1981— Continued 
















Arrests 18 and over 


Percent distribution' 




Total 


White 


Black 


American 
Indian 

Alaskan 
Native 


Asian 

or 
Pacific 
Islander 


Total 


White 


Black 


American 
Indian 

or 
Alaskan 
Native 


Asian 

or 
Pacific 
Islander 


TOTAL 


1,219,736 


988,766 


221,583 


5,588 


3,799 


100.0 


81.1 


18.2 


.5 


.3 


urder and nonnegligent 


3,128 
4,275 
13,299 
38,064 
48,179 
94,353 
11,790 
2,253 


2,163 
2,969 
7,686 
28,355 
37,039 
67,744 
8,903 
1,885 


947 
1,272 
5,556 
9.406 
10.923 
25.781 
2.795 
355 


17 
23 
201 
144 
381 
60 
9 


7 
17 
34 

102 
73 

447 
32 


100.0 
lOO.O 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


69.5 

57.8 
74.5 
76.9 
71.8 
75.5 
83.7 


303 
29.8 
41.8 
24.7 
22.7 
27.3 
23.7 
15.8 


.4 
.4 
.2 
.5 
.3 
.4 
.5 
.4 




orcible rape 

obbery 

ggravaled assault 

urglary 

arceny-theft 














58,766 
156,575 


41,173 
115,571 


17.181 
39,854 


252 
594 


160 
556 


100.0 
100.0 


70.1 
73.8 


29.2 
25.5 


.4 






.4 




Crime Index total* 


215.341 


156,744 


57,035 


846 


716 


100.0 


72.8 


26.5 


.4 


.3 






57,023 
13,166 
72,354 
1,593 

15,608 
15,872 
19,339 

3,756 

8,689 
72,171 
3,512 
17,560 
301,348 

29,255 
90,779 
36,524 
1,291 
244,029 
526 


44,725 
8,886 

51,947 
1,224 

11,326 
13,968 

14,754 

2.416 

7,434 
60,174 
2.195 
11,162 
272,739 

27,132 
81,656 
30,899 
1,084 
187,893 
408 


11,852 

4,198 

20,147 

354 

4,173 
1,791 
4,472 

1,302 

1,189 
11,721 
1,300 
6,326 
25,603 

1,959 
7,923 
5,309 

189 
54,629 

111 


277 
48 

174 
10 

69 

77 
62 

7 

26 

156 

8 

56 

1,323 

111 
1,090 
276 

9 
956 

7 


169 
34 
86 

5 

40 
36 
51 

31 

40 

120 

9 

16 

1,683 

53 
110 

40 

9 

551 


lOO.J 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


78.4 
67.5 
71.8 
76.8 

72.6 
88.0 
76.3 

64.3 

85.6 
83.4 
62.5 
63.6 
90.5 

92.7 
90.0 
84.6 
84.0 
77.0 
77.6 


20.8 
31.9 
27.8 
22.2 

26.7 
11.3 
23.1 

34.7 

13.7 
16.2 
37.0 
36.0 
8.5 

6.7 
8.7 
14.5 
14.6 
22.4 
21.1 


.5 
.2 

.5 
.3 

.2 

.3 
.2 
.2 
.3 

.4 
1.2 
.8 
.7 

1.3 




orgery and counterfeiting 




mbezzlement 

olen property; buying, receiving, 
possessing 




eapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

ostitution and commercialized vice .. 

X offenses (except forcible 

rape and prostitution) 






ffenses against family and children ... 
riving under the influence 

quor laws 


runkenness 


agrancy 

1 other offenses (except traffic) 











unaways 











































'Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 

'Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny- theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. 

♦Includes arson. 

'Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 



Table 51.— Suburban County Arrests, Distribution by Ethnic Origin, 1981 

(844 agencies; 1981 eslimated population 33,634,000] 





Total all ages 




Number of arrests 


Percent distribution 


Offense charged 


Total 


Hispanic 


Non- 
Hispanic 


Total 


Hispanic 


Non- 
Hispanic 


TOTAL 


1,203.496 


111.836 


1,091,660 


100.0 


9.3 


90.7 








2,631 
3,998 
12,847 
33,221 
65,653 
1 14,430 
16,169 
3,116 


393 
409 

1,232 
3,597 
4,755 
5,784 
2,045 
129 


2.238 
3,589 
11,615 
29,624 
60,898 
108,646 
14,124 
2,987 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


14.9 
10.2 

9.6 
10.8 

7.2 

5.1 
12.6 

4.1 




Forcible rape 
Robbery 

Aggravated assault 
Burglary 
Larceny-theft 
Motor vehicle theft 
Arson .. 


89.8 
90.4 
89.2 
92.8 
94.9 
87.4 
95.9 


Violent crime' 
Property cnme' 


52,697 
199,368 


5,631 

12,713 


47,066 
186,655 


100.0 
100.0 


10.7 
6.4 


89.3 
93.6 


Crime Index total' 


252,065 


18,344 


233,721 


100.0 


7.3 


92 7 






Other assaults 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud .. 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property buying, receiving, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and tommercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 

Drug abuse violations 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderiy conduct 

Vagrancy 

All othei offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Runaways 


58,310 
12,260 
60.612 
1,570 
17,231 
25,791 
17,760 

3,255 
8,617 
69,251 
3,088 
13,468 
278,771 

37,851 
83,447 
35,059 
1,695 
205,213 
506 
1,704 
15,972 


3,388 
1,275 
890 
47 
1,614 
1,269 
2,469 

118 
641 
4.179 
217 
595 
43,485 

1,656 

15,410 

1.778 

165 

13.344 

76 

155 

721 


54,922 
10,985 
59,722 
1,523 
15,617 
24,522 
15,291 

3,137 
7,976 
65,072 
2,871 
12,873 
235,286 

36,195 
68,037 
33,281 
1,530 
191,869 
430 
1,549 
15,251 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100,0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
lOO.O 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100,0 
100.0 


5.8 
10.4 
1.5 
3.0 
9.4 
4.9 
13.9 

3.6 
7.4 
6.0 
7.0 
4.4 
15.6 

4.4 
18.5 
5.1 
9.7 
6.5 
15.0 
9.1 
4.5 


94.2 

98.5 
97.0 
90.6 
95. 
86,1 

96.4 
92.6 
94.0 
93.0 
95.6 
84.4 

95.6 
81.5 
94.9 
90.3 
93.5 
85.0 
90.9 
95.5 



See footnotes at end of table. 



ble 51.-Suburban County Arrests, Distribution by Ethnic Origin, 


1981— Continued 












Under 18 years of age 




Number of arrests 


Percent distribution 




Total 


Hispanic 


Non- 
Hispanic 


Total 


Hispanic 


Non- 
Hispanic 




185,637 


12,827 


172,810 


100.0 


6.9 










196 
428 
2,583 
4,235 
27,427 
35,492 
5,722 
1,294 


51 

44 
249 
558 
1,741 
1,531 
580 
48 


145 
384 
2,334 
3,677 
25,686 
33,961 
5,142 
1,246 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
1 00.0 
100.0 


26.0 
103 

9.6 
13.2 

6.3 

4.3 
10.1 

3.7 


74.0 

90.4 
86.8 
93.7 
95.7 
89.9 
96.3 


rcible rape .. 

bbery 

gravated assault 

rglary 

rceny-theft .. 
tor vehicle theft 


Violent crime' 
Property crime= 


7,442 
69,935 


902 
3,900 


6,540 
66,035 


100.0 
100.0 


121 
5.6 


87.9 
94.4 




77,377 


4,802 


72^575 


100.0 


6.2 


93.8 




tier assaults 


7,566 

883 

830 

81 

3,670 

11,355 

2,326 

58 

1,359 

10,349 

86 

213 

4,485 

11,957 
3,875 
5,028 
446 
25,966 
51 
1,704 
15,972 


588 
34 
39 
8 
337 
585 
400 

2 
113 
558 

4 
10 
614 

662 
846 
333 
53 
1,959 

155 
721 


6,978 

849 

791 

73 

3.333 

10,770 

1,926 

56 
1,246 
9,791 

82 

203 

3,871 

1 1,295 
3,029 
4,695 
393 
24,007 
47 
1,549 
15,251 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
1 00.0 
lOO.O 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
1 00.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


7.8 
3.9 
4.7 
9.9 
9.2 
5.2 
17.2 

3.4 
8.3 
5.4 
4.7 
4.7 
13.7 

5.5 
21.8 
6.6 
11.9 
7.5 
7.8 
9.1 
4.5 


92.2 
96.1 
95.3 
90.1 
90.8 
94.8 
82.8 


















91.7 




mbling 


95.3 












unkenness 


78 2 










other offenses (except traffic) 

Picion 


92.5 
92.2 


^ 


95.5 





See footnotes at end of table. 



207 



Table 51.— Suburban County Arrests, Distribution by Ethnic Origin, 


1981— Continued 












18 years of age and over 




Number of arrests 


Percent distribution 


Offense charged 


Total 


Hispanic 


Non- 
Hispanic 


Total 


Hispanic 


Non- 
Hispanic 


TOTAL 


1,017,859 


99,009 


918,850 


100.0 


9.7 


90.3 








2,435 
3,570 
10,264 
28,986 
38,226 
78,938 
10.447 
1,822 


342 

365 

983 

3,039 

3,014 

4,253 

1,465 

81 


2,093 
3,205 
9,281 
25,947 
35,212 
74,685 
8,982 
1,741 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


14.0 
10.2 

9.6 
10.5 

79 

5.4 
14.0 

4.4 




Forcible rape 
Robbery .. 
Aggravated assault 
Burglary .. 
Larceny-theft 
Motor vehicle theft 
Arson 


89.8 
90.4 
89.5 
92.1 
94.6 
86.0 
95.6 




45,255 
129.433 


4,729 
8,813 


40,526 
120,620 


100.0 
100.0 


10.4 
6.8 






93 2 


pe 






174,688 


13,542 


161,146 


100.0 


7.8 










50,744 
11,377 
59,782 
1,489 
13,561 
14,436 
15,434 

3,197 
7,258 

58,902 
3,002 

13,255 
274,286 

25,894 
79,572 
30,031 
1,249 
179,247 
455 


2,800 
1,241 

851 

39 

1,277 

684 
2,069 

116 
528 
3,621 
213 
585 
42,871 

994 

14,564 

1.445 

112 

11,385 

72 


47,944 
10,136 
58,931 
1,450 
12,284 
13,752 
13,365 

3,081 
6,730 
55,281 
2,789 
12,670 
231,415 

24,900 
65,008 
28,586 
1,137 
167,862 
383 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


5.5 
10.9 
1.4 
2.6 
9.4 
4.7 
13.4 

3.6 
73 
6.1 
7.1 
4.4 
15.6 

3.8 
18.3 
4.8 
9.0 
6.4 
15.8 








Fraud 


98 6 




97 4 












86 6 












93 9 


Gambhng 


92.9 




84 4 


Liquor laws 


96.2 




95 2 




91 






Suspicion 


84 2 






^ 





























'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assa 
'Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and a 
'Includes arson. 



Table 52.— Rural County Arreste Trends, 1980-1981 

[2,437 agencies; 1981 estimated population 26,443.000] 





Number of persons arrested 


Offense charged 


Total all ages 


Under 18 years of age 


18 years of age and over 




1980 


1981 


Percent 
change 


1980 


1981 


Percent 
change 


1980 


1981 


Percent 
change 




852,964 


894,602 


+ 4.9 


95,409 


92,145 


-3.4 


757,555 


802,457 


+ 5.9 




Murder and nonnegligeni manslaughter 

Forcible rape 

Robber> 

Aggiavated assault 

Burglary 

Larcenv -theft 

Motor vehicle theft 

Arson 


1,979 
2,433 
3,990 
24,200 
40,434 
50,335 
9,396 
1,773 


1,994 
2,492 
4.036 
25,703 
42,193 
53,834 
8,838 
1,935 


+ .8 
+ 2.4 
+ 1.2 
+ 6.2 
+ 4.4 
+ 7.0 

-5.9 
+ 9.1 


120 

239 

552 

1,579 

14.117 

12.618 

3.710 

450 


103 

202 

474 

1,547 

14,263 

12,615 

3,193 

451 


-14.2 
-15.5 
-14.1 

-2.0 

+ 1.0 

(') 

-13.9 

+ .2 


1,859 
2,194 
3,438 
22,621 
26,317 
37,717 
5,686 
1,323 


1,891 
2,290 
3,562 
24,158 
27,930 
41,219 
5,645 
1,484 


+ 1.7 
+ 4.4 
+ 3.6 
+ 6.8 
+ 6.1 
+ 9.3 
-.7 
+ 12.2 


Violent crime' 
Property cnme' 


32,602 
101,938 


34,227 
106.800 


+ 5.0 
+4.8 


2.490 
30.895 


2,326 
30,522 


-6.6 
-1.2 


30,112 
71,043 


31,901 
76,278 


+ 5.9 

+ 7.4 


Crime Index total* 


134,540 


141.027 


+4.8 


33.385 


32,848 


-1.6 


101,155 


108,179 


+ 6.9 


Other assaults 

Forgery and counterfeitmg 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property buying, receiving possessing 

Vandalism ... 

Weapons; carrying possessing etc 


37,453 
7,373 

59,588 
1,010 
7,935 

15,007 
8,882 

257 
3,440 
43,349 
1,265 
11,861 
212,484 

37,549 

88,892 

30.052 

566 

141,137 

653 

1,190 

9,134 


38.462 
8.021 

59,016 
1,015 
8,318 

15,276 
9,383 

264 
3.656 
50.438 
1.325 
12.435 
225.921 

38,404 

91,829 

29,110 

639 

150,805 

749 

969 

8,289 


+ 2.7 
+ 8.8 
-10 
+ .5 
+ 4.8 
+ 1.8 
+ 5.6 

+ 2.7 
+ 6.3 
+ 16.4 

+ 4.7 
+ 4.8 
+ 6.3 

+ 2.3 
+ 3.3 
-3.1 
+ 12.9 
+ 6.9 
+ 14.7 
-18.6 
-9.3 


2.591 
836 
634 
16 
1.266 
5.467 
628 

24 
501 
5,151 
50 
133 
4,441 

10,378 
3.096 
2.692 
94 
13.702 
103 
1.190 
9,134 


2,590 
791 
589 
15 
1,140 
5,646 
642 

10 
482 
5.202 
32 
135 
4,356 

10,020 

2,818 

2,412 

101 

13,058 

94 

969 

8,289 


(') 
-5.4 
-7.1 
-6.3 
-10.0 
+ 3.3 
+ 2.2 

-58.3 
-3.8 
+ 1.0 
-36.0 
+ 1.5 
-1.9 

-3.4 
-9.0 
-104 
+ 7,4 
-4.7 
-8.7 
-18.6 
-9.3 


34,862 
6,537 

58,954 
994 
6,669 
9,540 
8,254 

233 
2,939 
38,198 
1,215 

208,'043 

27,171 
85,796 
27,360 
472 
127,435 
550 


35,872 
7,230 

58,427 
1,000 
7,178 
9,630 
8,741 

254 
3,174 
45,236 
1,293 
12,300 
221,565 

28,384 
89,01 1 
26,698 
538 
137.747 
655 


+ 2.9 
+ 10.6 
-.9 
+ .6 
+ 7.6 
+ .9 
+ 5.9 

+ 9.0 
+ 8.0 
+ 18.4 
+ 6.4 
+ 4.9 
+ 6.5 

+ 4.5 
+ 3.7 
-2.4 

+ 14.0 
+ 8.1 

+ 19.1 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 

Drug abuse violations 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 
Driving under the influence 

Jquor laws 

Drunkenness 


Disorderly conduct ... 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 
Suspicion (not included in totals) 
Curfew and loitering law violations 

















'Less than c 
'Violent cri 
'Property c 
'Includes ai 



nth of I percent. 

re offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assa 

are offenses of burglary, larceny -theft, motor vehicle theft, and a 



Table 53.— Rural County Arrests, Distribution by Age, 1981 

[2,781 agencies; 1981 estimated population 29,184,000] 





Total 
aU 
ages 


Ages 

under 

15 


Ages 

under 

18 


Ages 
18 and 


Age 


Offense charged 


Under 
10 


10-12 


13-14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 




943,171 
100.0 


20,301 
2.2 


95,887 
10.2 


847,284 
89.8 


1,743 
.2 


4,557 
.5 


14,001 
1.5 


15,721 

1.7 


24,690 
2.6 


35,175 
3.7 


50,486 
5.4 


53,031 
5.6 


52,771 




5.6 






Murder and nonnegligent 

manslaughter 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary 


2,154 
2,639 
4,370 
27,185 
44,591 
56,892 
9,480 
2,057 


8 
32 
48 
325 
4.136 
3,290 
726 
192 


108 

207 

498 

1,607 

14.762 

13,025 

3,346 

465 


2,046 
2,432 
3,872 
25,578 
29,829 
43,867 
6,134 
1,592 


1 

1 
29 
371 
268 
16 
71 


6 
3 
85 
1,111 
826 
101 
57 


7 
25 
44 
211 
2,654 
2,196 
609 
64 


23 
27 
55 
252 
2,506 
2,080 
724 
59 


26 
57 
173 
402 
3,554 
3,328 
949 
98 


51 
91 
222 
628 
4.566 
4,327 
947 
116 


72 

144 

370 

1,067 

5,006 

5,198 

801 

143 


68 

148 

372 

1.124 

3,957 

4,540 

689 

116 


99 

187 

398 

1,234 

3,147 

3,893 


Motor vehicle theft 


554 


Arson 


111 




36,348 

100.0 

113,020 

100.0 


413 

8,344 
7.4 


2,420 

6.7 

31,598 

28.0 


33,928 
93.3 

81,422 
72.0 


31 

.1 

726 

.6 


95 

.3 

2,095 

1.9 


287 

.8 

5,523 

4.9 


357 

1.0 

5,369 

4.8 


658 

7.929 
7.0 


992 

2.7 

9,956 

8.8 


1,653 

45 

11,148 

9.9 


1,712 
4.7 

9,302 
8.2 


1,918 




5.3 




7.705 




6.8 








149,368 
100.0 


8,757 
5.9 


34,018 
22.8 


115,350 
77.2 


757 
.5 


2,190 

1.5 


5,810 
3.9 


5,726 
3.8 


8,587 
5.7 


10,948 
7.3 


12,801 
8.6 


11,014 
7.4 


9,623 


Percent distribution" 


6.4 




40,760 
8,585 

61,774 
1,048 

8.707 
15,841 
9,816 

274 

3,835 
53,308 
1,400 
12,948 
235,793 

40,046 

98,468 

31,165 

708 

158,662 

929 

1,042 

8,694 


589 
115 
47 

2 

212 

2,282 

143 

2 

169 

553 

34 
110 

569 

151 
410 
13 
3,067 
15 
182 
2,878 


2,665 
828 
609 
15 

1,195 

5,851 

662 

11 

490 

5,403 

32 

143 
4,472 

10,399 

2.975 
2,598 

103 
13,554 

128 
1,042 
8,694 


38,095 
7,757 

61,165 
1,033 

7,512 
9,990 
9,154 

263 

3,345 
47,905 
1,368 
12,805 
231,321 

29,647 
95,493 
28,567 
605 
145,108 
801 


45 
4 
6 

8 
380 
18 

17 
11 

32 

16 
3 

32 

3 

335 

2 
67 


134 
27 
9 

37 
806 
35 

46 

71 

3 
13 

50 
11 
91 
2 
619 
4 
26 
382 


410 
84 
32 

2 

167 

1.096 

90 

2 

106 

471 

24 
65 

503 
137 
287 

2,113 

11 

154 

2,429 


360 

121 

59 

1 

201 
870 
107 

2 

89 

791 

2 

19 
129 

1,219 
341 
384 
22 
2,478 
26 
256 
2,518 


652 
223 
132 

7 

339 

1,190 

157 

100 

1,474 

7 

45 

1.048 

3,152 
773 
701 
30 
3,476 
40 
334 
2,221 


1,064 
369 

371 
5 

443 
1,509 
255 

5 

132 

2,585 

22 

45 

3,185 

5,459 
1,710 
1,103 

38 
4,533 

47 
270 
1,077 


1,679 

607 

1,186 

21 

699 
1,308 
399 

21 

161 

4,258 

32 

342 
7,251 

5,773 
3,838 
1,905 

39 
8,100 

66 


1,771 

716 

1,920 

34 

677 
1,075 
483 

25 

149 

4,682 

28 

394 
9,871 

4,674 
4,621 
1,986 

42 
8,817 

52 


2,013 


Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. ... 

Prostitution and commercialized 


657 

2,601 

26 

556 
908 
520 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape 
and prostitution) 


167 
4,751 


Gambling 


38 


Offenses against family and children . 


427 
10,955 


Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 


3,370 
4,703 


Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) .... 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations .. 


33 

9,393 

67 













See footnotes at end of table. 



Table 53.— Rural County Arrests, Distribution by Age, 198 


-Continued 




















Age 




21 


22 


23 


24 


25-29 


30-34 


35-39 


40-44 


45-49 


50-54 


55-59 


60-64 


65 and 
over 


TOTAL 


49,069 

5.2 


45,290 
4.8 


42,761 
4.5 


41,915 
4.4 


153,701 
16.3 


108,616 
11.5 


76,187 
8.1 


55,729 
5.9 


40,549 
4.3 


30,791 
3.3 


21,534 
2.3 


12,801 
1.4 


12,053 


Percent distribution' 


1.3 






Murder and nonnegligent 


110 

140 

361 

1,281 

2,545 

3,155 

467 

94 


84 

124 

278 

1,321 

2,163 

2,646 

423 

85 


94 

124 

264 

1.189 

1,745 

2,307 

360 

68 


83 

145 

198 

1,276 

1,643 

2,219 

346 

89 


363 

490 

826 

5,142 

4,686 

7,140 

1,027 

251 


329 

350 

393 

3,739 

2,185 

4,326 

591 

209 


215 

253 

190 

2.793 

1,162 

2,750 

354 

133 


169 
125 
114 

1,823 
675 

2,050 
212 
110 


127 
86 
54 
1,374 
381 
1.264 
139 
80 


77 
45 
29 
850 
215 
868 
81 
39 


69 
33 
9 
577 
142 
620 
45 
28 


42 
15 
7 

399 
82 

440 
19 
13 




Forcible rape 

Robbery 


23 

9 

389 


Burglary 

Larceny-theft 

Motor vehicle theft 


95 
451 
26 


Arson 


23 


Violent crime' 


1,892 
5.2 

6,261 
5.5 


1,807 
5.0 

5,317 
4.7 


1,671 
4.6 

4,480 
4.0 


1,702 
4.7 

4,297 
3.8 


6,821 

18.8 

13,104 

11.6 


4,811 

13.2 

7,311 

6.5 


3,451 
9.5 

4,399 
3.9 


2,231 
6.1 

3,047 
2.7 


1,641 
4.5 

1,864 
1.6 


1,001 

2.8 

1,203 

1.1 


688 
1.9 

835 

.7 


463 
1.3 
554 

.5 


466 




1 3 








.5 








8,153 
5.5 


7,124 
4.8 


6,151 
4.1 


5,999 
4.0 


19,925 
13.3 


12,122 
8.1 


7,850 
5.3 


5,278 
3.5 


3,505 
2.3 


2,204 
1.5 


1,523 
1.0 


1,017 

.7 






7 






Other assaults 


2,033 

537 

2,831 

33 

542 
799 
475 

16 

159 

4,287 

34 

508 

11,502 

1,607 
4,703 
1,890 

35 
8,879 

46 


1,938 
492 
3,111 

42 

479 
658 
471 

13 

131 

3,898 

23 

592 

10,867 

1,211 

4,372 
1,629 

20 
8,174 

45 


1,838 

468 

3,061 

43 

422 
492 
427 

12 

154 

3,582 

46 

618 

10,611 

1,094 
4,232 
1,490 

39 
7,928 

53 


1,979 

470 

3,323 

56 

403 
516 
430 

11 

140 

3,223 

40 

737 

10.073 

942 
4,086 
1,564 

32 
7,835 

56 


7.831 

1,485 

13,670 

192 

1,346 
1,646 

1,735 

57 

518 

10,347 

194 

2,983 

40,885 

2,913 
14,8+4 
5,050 
116 
27,800 
164 


5,637 

881 

10,786 

194 

812 
1,036 
1,356 

32 

473 

4,898 

213 

2,527 

31,340 

1,893 
11,488 
3.291 
85 
19,459 
93 


3,962 
567 

7,454 
143 

530 
618 
899 

16 

400 
1,926 

188 
1,716 

23,577 

1,552 
9,277 
2,342 

38 
13,076 

56 


2,684 
381 

4,907 
111 

392 
338 
614 

13 

271 
891 
148 
917 
18,419 

1,145 

8,214 
1,726 

33 
9,209 

38 


1,831 
214 

2,732 
74 

272 
222 
437 

186 

109 

523 

14,797 

1,022 
6,667 
1.385 

25 
6,077 

21 


1,266 

141 

1,672 

28 

153 
146 
327 

9 

143 
327 
101 
303 
12,237 

778 
5,604 
926 
29 
4,379 
18 


780 
77 

973 
24 

121 
92 
264 

5 

113 
165 
76 
109 
8,944 

667 
4,146 
675 
13 
2,754 
13 


459 
41 
526 

5 

52 
54 
151 

1 

89 
91 
58 
54 
5,284 

423 

2,492 

382 

10 

1.606 

6 


394 


Forgery and counterfeiting 


23 


Fraud 


412 


Stolen property; buying, receiving, 


56 


Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized 


82 
166 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape 


91 






Gambling 

Offenses against family and children . . 


40 
55 




583 










Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traftic) 


16 
1,622 


Curfew and loitering law violations ... 
Runaways 











'Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
'Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny- theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson 
* Includes arson. 



Table 54— Rural County Arrests of Persons under 15, 


18, 21, and 


25 Years of Age, 1981 












(2,781 agencies; 1981 estimated population 29.184,000] 






















Total aU 


Number of persons arrested 


Percent of total all ages 


Offense charged 


Under 


Under 


Under 


Under 


Under 


Under 


Under 


Under 






15 


18 


21 


25 


15 


18 


21 


25 


TOTAL 


943,171 


20,301 


95,887 


252,175 


431,210 


2.2 


10.2 


26.7 


45.7 


























2,639 


32 


207 


686 


1.219 


1.2 


7.8 


26.0 


46.2 


Robbery 


4,370 


48 


498 


1,638 


2.739 


1.1 


11.4 


37.5 


62.7 




27,185 


325 


1.607 


5,032 


10.099 


1.2 


5.9 


18.5 


37.1 


Burglary 


44,591 


4,136 


14.762 


26,872 


34.968 


9.3 


33.1 


60.3 


78.4 


Larceny-theft 


56,892 


3,290 


13.025 


26.656 


36.983 


5.8 


22.9 


46.9 


65.0 


Motor vehicle theft 


9,480 


726 


3.346 


5.390 


6.986 


7.7 


35.3 


56.9 


73.7 




2,057 


192 


465 


835 


1.171 


9.3 


22.6 


40.6 


56.9 




Violent crime' 


36,348 


413 


2,420 


7.703 


14,775 


1.1 


6.7 


21.2 


40.6 


Property crime' 


113,020 


8,344 


31,598 


59.753 


80,108 


7.4 


28.0 


52.9 


70.9 




149,368 


8,757 


34.018 


67.456 


94,883 


5.9 


22.8 


45.2 


63.5 






40,760 


589 


2.665 


8.128 


15,916 




6.5 


19.9 


39.0 


Forgery and counterfeiting 


8,585 


115 


828 


2.808 


4,775 


1.3 


9.6 


32.7 


55.6 


Fraud 


61,774 


47 


609 


6.316 


18,642 


.1 


1.0 


10.2 


30.2 


Embezzlement 


1,048 


2 


15 


96 


270 


.2 


1.4 


9.2 


25.8 


Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 


8,707 


212 


1,195 


3.127 


4,973 


2.4 


13.7 


35.9 


57.1 


Vandalism 


15,841 


2,282 


5,851 


9,142 


11.607 


14.4 


36.9 


57.7 


73.3 




9 816 


143 


662 


2 064 


3 867 


1 5 


6 7 


21 


39 4 




274 


2 


11 


76 


128 


7 


40 


27 7 


46 7 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 


3,835 


169 


490 


967 


1.551 




12.8 


25.2 


40.4 


Drug abuse violations 


53,308 


553 


5,403 


19,094 


34.084 


1.0 


10.1 


35.8 


63.9 




1,400 




32 
















12 948 


34 


143 


1 306 


3 761 


3 


1 1 


10 1 


29 














(*) 
1.4 








Liquor laws 


40,046 


569 


10,399 


24,216 


29.070 


26.0 


60.5 


72.6 


Drunkenness 


98,468 


151 


2.975 

2.598 

103 


16,137 


33.530 

15.006 

343 


2 


30 




34 1 














Vagrancy 


708 


13 


217 


1.8 


14.5 


30.6 


48.4 




158,662 
929 


3 067 


13 554 


39,864 
313 


72 680 


1 9 


8 5 


25 1 


45 8 


Suspicion 


15 


128 


513 


1.6 


13.8 


33.7 


55.2 




1 042 


182 


1 042 


1 042 


1 042 


17 5 


100 


100 


100 


Runaways 


8,694 


2.878 


8,694 


8,694 


8.694 


33.1 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 


'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and 


aggravated ass. 


uk. 
















"Property cnmes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor ve 


icle theft, and s 


irson. 
















'Includes arson 




















•Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 





















Fable 55.— Rural County Arrests, Distribution by Sex, 1981 

2,781 agencies; 1981 estimated population 29,184,000] 



Offense charged 


Number of persons 


arrested 


Percent 
male 


Percent 

female 


Percent distribution' 




Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


TOTAL 


943,171 


822,883 


120,288 


87J 


12.8 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 






2,154 
2,639 


1,864 
2,617 




86.5 
99.2 


13.5 




.2 
.3 


.2 


■"orcible rape 


22 


.3 


lobber> 


4,370 


4,065 


305 


93.0 


7.0 


.5 


.5 


.3 


Aggravated assault 


27,185 


24,289 


2,896 


89.3 


10.7 


2.9 


3.0 


2.4 


Jurglary 


44,591 


42,074 


2,517 


94.4 


5.6 


4.7 


5.1 


2.1 


-arceny-theft 


56,892 


48,165 


8,727 


84.7 


15.3 


6.0 


5.9 


7.3 


rfotor vehicle theft 


9,480 


8,697 


783 


91.7 


8.3 


1.0 


I.l 


.7 


Arson 


2,057 


1,844 


213 


89.6 


10.4 


.2 


.2 


.2 


Violent cnnie» 


36,348 


32,835 


3,513 


90.3 


9.7 


3.9 


4.0 


2.9 


Property crime* 


113,020 


100,780 


12,240 


89.2 


10.8 


12.0 


12.2 


10.2 




149,368 


133,615 


15,753 


89.5 


10.5 


15.8 


16.2 


13.1 




)ther assaults 


40,760 


35,805 


4,955 


87.8 


12.2 


4.3 


4.4 


41 


"orgery and counterfeiting 


8,585 


6,209 


2,376 


72.3 


27.7 


.9 


.8 


2.0 


"raud 


61,774 


35,982 


25,792 


58.2 


41.8 


6.5 


4.4 


21.4 


embezzlement 


1,048 


798 


250 


76.1 


23.9 


.1 


.1 


.2 


tolen property, buying, receiving possessing 


8,707 


7,860 


847 


90.3 


9.7 


.9 


1.0 


.7 


Vandalism .... 


15,841 


14,557 


1,284 


91.9 


8.1 


1.7 


1.8 


1.1 




9,816 


9,312 


504 


94.9 


5.1 


1.0 


1.1 


.4 


restitution and commercialized vice 


274 


134 


140 


48.9 


51.1 


(') 


(') 


, 


ex offenses (exct-pt forcible rape and prostitution) 


3,835 


3,679 


156 


95.9 


4.1 


.4 


.4 


] 


Jrug abuse violations 


53,308 


46,591 


6,717 


87.4 


12.6 


5.7 


5.7 


5.6 


jambling 


1,400 


1,251 


149 


89.4 


10.6 


.1 


.2 






12,948 


12,302 


646 


95.0 


5.0 


1.4 


1.5 


.5 




235,793 


217,952 


17,841 


92.4 


7.6 


25.0 


26.5 


14.8 


liquor laws . . 


40.046 


33,958 


6,088 


84.8 


15.2 


4.2 


4.1 


5.1 


>runkenness . 


98,468 


92,390 


6,078 


93.8 


6.2 


10.4 


11.2 


5.1 


Jisorderly conduct 


31,165 


27,309 


3,856 


87.6 


12.4 


3.3 


3.3 


3.2 


/agrancy 


708 


600 


108 


84,7 


15.3 


.1 






Ill other offenses (except traffic) 


158,662 


137,071 


21,591 


86.4 


13.6 


16.8 


167 


17.9 


uspicion 


929 


807 


122 


86.9 


13.1 


.1 


.1 


.1 


Curfew and loitenng law violations 


1,042 


758 


284 


72.7 


27.3 


.1 


1 


.2 


Runaways 


8,694 


3,943 


4,751 


45.4 


54.6 


.9 


.5 


3.9 



'Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

'Less than one-tenth of I percent. 

'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 

•Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. 

^Includes arson. 



213 



Table 56.— Rural County Arrests Trends, Sex, 1980-1981 

[2,437 agencies; 1981 estimated population 26,443,000] 



Offense charged 



Percent 
change 



change 



change 



Murder and nonnegligent 

manslaughter 

Forcible rape 
Robbery . 
Aggravated assault 
Burglary . 
Larceny-theft 
Motor vehicle theft 
Arson .... 



Violent crime' 

Property crime' 

Crime Index totaP 

Other assaults 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. ... 

Prostitution and commercialized 

vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 
prostitution) 

Drug abuse violations 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children . 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) . . . . 

Suspicion (not included in totals) 

Curfew and loitering law violations . . 
Runaways 



1,731 
2,409 
3,728 
21,730 
38,100 
42,892 
8,548 
1,561 



1,730 
2,474 
3,750 
22,996 
39,801 
45,532 
8,114 
1,733 



13,192 

10,872 

3,280 

392 



201 
438 
1,363 
13,435 
10,901 
2,861 
407 



2.470 
2,334 
7,443 



2,709 
2,392 
8.302 



33,020 


33,785 


+ 2.3 


5.349 


5,809 


+ 8.6 


35.642 


34,319 


■3.7 


739 


769 


+ 4.1 


7.263 


7,495 


+ 3.2 


13,819 


14,042 


+ 1.6 


8,417 


8,902 


+ 5.8 



3,297 


3,507 


38.202 


44,039 


1.153 


1,181 


11,218 


11,822 


97,360 


208,573 


32.007 


32.509 


83.642 


86,151 


26,360 


25,510 


502 


539 


21,587 


130,167 


564 


657 



7,905 
2,719 
2,230 



4,433 

2,024 

23,946 

271 

672 



5,542 
5,250 
3,692 



4,677 

2,212 

24,697 

246 

823 



5,895 
5,678 
3,600 



'Includes arson. 



Table 57.— Rural County Arrests, Distribution by Race, 1981 

[2,762 agencies; 1981 estimated population 28,995,000] 





Total arrests 


Percent distribution" 


Offense charged 


Total 


White 


Black 


American 
Indian 

Alaskan 
Native 


Asian 

Pacific 
Islander 


Total 


White 


Black 


American 
Indian 

Native 


Asian 

or 
Pacific 
Islander 


TOTAL 


935,214 


778,520 


132,640 


19,572 


4,482 


100.0 


83J 


14.2 


2.1 






.5 


Murder and nonnegligent 

manslaughter 
Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary 

Larceny-theft 
Motor vehicle theft 
\rson 


2,143 
2,629 
4,351 
27,140 
44,424 
56,638 
9,441 
2,050 


1,474 
1,817 
2,907 
19,350 
36,431 
46,143 
8.238 
1,787 


593 

739 

1,337 

7,036 

6,768 

9,196 

853 

213 


68 
55 
78 
659 
871 
770 
270 
40 


8 
18 
29 
95 
354 
529 
80 
10 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
1 00.0 


68.8 
69.1 
66.8 
71.3 
82.0 
81.5 
87.3 
87.2 


27.7 
28.1 
30.7 
25.9 
15.2 
16.2 
9.0 
10.4 


3.2 
2.1 
1.8 
2.4 
2.0 

2.9 
2.0 








36,263 
112,553 


25,548 
92,599 


9,705 
17,030 


860 
1,951 


150 

973 


100.0 
100.0 


70.5 
82.3 


26.8 
15.1 


2.4 
1.7 






.4 






9 




148.816 


118,147 


26,735 


2,811 


1,123 


100.0 


79.4 


18.0 


1.9 






.8 


Jther assaults 


40,644 
8,540 

62,493 
1,046 

8,645 
15,789 
9,786 

274 

3,819 
53,161 

1,402 
12,875 
229,771 

40,141 
97,979 
30.884 
689 
157,949 


30,416 

6,502 

47,093 

858 

7,233 
14,162 
8,225 

199 

3.392 

47,725 

879 

8,149 

197,457 

37,102 

87,635 

25,002 

555 

128,274 

699 

782 

8,034 


9.012 

1,914 

14,802 

176 

1,276 
1.219 
1,344 

75 

348 
4,478 

514 
4.468 
26,128 

2.188 

7,262 

4,392 

100 

25,828 

99 

46 

236 


906 
92 
530 

101 
324 
160 


310 

32 
68 

35 
84 
57 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


748 
76.1 
75.4 
82.0 

83.7 
89.7 
84.0 

72.6 

88.8 
89.8 
62.7 
63.3 
85.9 

92.4 
89.4 
81.0 
80.6 
81.2 
77.5 
76.7 
93.5 


22.2 
22.4 
23.7 
16.8 

148 

7.7 
13.7 

27.4 

9.1 

8.4 
36.7 
347 
11.4 

5.5 
7.4 
14.2 
14.5 
16.4 
11.0 
4.5 
2.7 


2.2 
1.1 

1.2 
2.1 
1.6 




"orgery and counterfeiting 

■"raud 


.8 
.4 


Embezzlement 

tolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

Vandalism 


.4 


Veapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

restitution and commercialized vice .. 




5 
6 

6 


ex offenses (except forcible 
rape and prostitution) 


55 

543 

1 

249 

5.482 

741 

2,995 

1,355 

34 

3,002 

9 

34 

144 


24 

415 

8 

704 

110 
87 
135 


1.4 
1.0 

.1 
1.9 
2.4 

1.8 
3.1 
4.4 
4.9 
1.9 
1.0 
3.3 
1.7 


. 


.amblmg 


.8 


)ffenses against family and children ... 


.6 


iquor laws 


.3 


)runkenness 


.3 




.1 


agency 


• 




11 other offenses (except trafTic) 


845 
95 
157 




urfew and loitering law violations .... 
unaways 


1,019 
8,590 


10.5 
15.4 






2.( 




See footnotes at end of table. 























215 



Table 57.— Rural County Arrests, Distribution by Race, 1981— Continued 





Arrests under 18 


Percent distribution- 


OfTensc charged 


Total 


While 


Black 


Indian 

Alaskan 
Native 


Asian 

or 
Pacific 
Islander 


Total 


White 


Black 


American 

Indian 

or 

Alaskan 
Native 


Asian 

Pacific 
Islander 




95,099 


85,215 


6,428 


2,035 


1,421 


100.0 


89.6 


6.8 


2.1 


1.5 






Murder and nonnegligent 


107 

206 

498 

1,600 

14,709 

12,954 

3,329 

464 


80 

137 

365 

1,262 

12,763 

11,275 

3,031 

409 


23 
60 
113 
284 
1,377 
1,244 
163 
31 


4 
8 
13 
44 
357 
178 
99 
17 




100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


74.8 
66.5 
73.3 
78.9 
86.8 
87.0 
91.0 
88.1 


21.5 
29.1 
22.7 
17.8 
9.4 
9.6 
4.9 
6.7 


3.7 
3.9 
2.6 
2.8 
2.4 
1.4 
3.0 
3.7 




Forcible rape 
Robbery 

Aggravated assault 
Burglary 
Larceny-theft 
Motor vehicle then 
Arson ... 


7 
10 
212 
257 
36 
7 


.6 
1.4 
2,0 

1. 
1.5 


Violent crime' 
Property crime' 


2,411 
31,456 


1,844 

27,478 


480 
2,815 


69 
651 


18 
512 


100.0 
lOO.O 


76.5 
87.4 


19.9 
8.9 


2.9 
2.1 


i.e 


Crime Index total* 


33,867 


29,322 


3,295 


720 


530 


100.0 


86.6 


9.7 


2.1 


1 6 








2.654 
825 
604 
14 

1,188 

5,831 

658 

11 

487 

5,369 

32 

140 
4,383 

10,292 
2,945 
2,578 
95 
13.390 
127 
I.0I9 
8,590 


2.079 
693 
524 

13 

1,070 

5,510 

598 

8 

426 

4,921 

19 

124 
4,175 

9,913 

2,663 

2,218 

83 

11,935 

105 

782 

8,034 


410 
113 

57 

94 
190 
39 

3 

43 
260 
10 
15 
103 

148 
75 
260 

1,008 
13 
46 
236 


83 
14 
20 


82 
5 
3 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


78.3 
84.0 
86.8 
92.9 

90,1 
94.5 
90.9 

72.7 

87.5 
91.7 
59.4 
88.6 
95,3 

96.3 
90.4 
86.0 
87.4 
89.1 
82.7 
76.7 
93.5 


15.4 
13,7 
9,4 
7,1 

7.9 
3.3 
5.9 

27,3 

8.8 
4.8 
31.3 
10.7 

2,3 

1,4 
2,5 

10 1 
9,5 
7,5 

10,2 
4.5 
2.7 


3.1 
1.7 
3.3 


3 


Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 


.6 


Stolen property; buying, receiving, 


12 
94 
15 


12 
37 
6 


1.0 
1.6 

2.3 




Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 


.1 

.9 


Sex offenses (except forcible 

rape and prostitution) 

Drug abuse violations 


9 
64 


9 
124 
3 
I 
16 

34 
6 
12 

203 

5 
157 
176 


1.8 
1.2 


1.8 
2.3 


Offenses against family and children ... 






89 

197 
201 
88 
3 
244 

34 
144 


2.0 

6.8 
3.4 
3.2 
1.8 
3.1 
3.3 
1.7 




Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations .... 
Runaways 


3 


1.3 
3.9 
15.4 
2.C 



See footnotes at end of table. 



216 



fable 57. — Rural County Arrests, Distribution by Race, 1981 — Continued 





Arrests 18 and over 


Percent distribution' 


Offense charged 


Total 


White 


Black 


Indian 

Alaskan 
Native 


Asian 

Pacific 
Islander 


Total 


White 


Black 


Indian 

Alaskan 
Native 


Asian 

Pacific 
Islander 


TOTAL 


840,115 


693,305 


126,212 


17,537 


3,061 


100.0 


82.5 


15.0 


2.1 


.4 


tlurder and nonnegligent 
manslaughter 


2,036 
2,423 
3,853 
25,540 
29,715 
43,684 
6,112 
1,586 


1,394 
1,680 

2,542 
18.088 
23,668 
34,868 
5,207 
1,378 


570 

679 

1,224 

6,752 

5,391 

7,952 

690 

182 


64 
47 
65 
615 
514 
592 
171 
23 


8 
17 
22 
85 
142 
272 
44 
3 


100,0 
100,0 
100,0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
lOO.O 
100.0 


68.5 
69.3 
66.0 
70.8 
79.7 
79.8 
85.2 
86.9 


28.0 
28.0 
31.8 
26.4 
18.1 
18.2 
11.3 
115 


3.1 
1.9 
1.7 
24 
1.7 
1.4 
2.8 
1.5 


4 




7 


Jobbery 

Aggravated assault 


.6 
3 




5 


^arceny-theft 


.6 


Uson 


.2 




33,852 
81.097 


23,704 
65,121 


9,225 
14,215 


791 
1,300 


132 
461 


100.0 
100.0 


70.0 
80.3 


27.3 
17.5 


2.3 
1.6 


4 


Property crime' 


.6 




114,949 


88,825 


23.440 


2,091 


593 


100.0 


77.3 


20.4 


1.8 










37.990 
7,715 

61,889 
1,032 

7,457 
9,958 
9,128 

263 

3,332 
47,792 
1,370 
12,735 
225,388 

29,849 
95,034 
28,306 

594 
144,559 

775 


28,337 

46^569 
845 

6,163 
8,652 
7,627 

191 

2,966 

42.804 

860 

8,025 

193.282 

27,189 
84,972 
22,784 

472 
116,339 

594 


8,602 

1,801 

14,745 

175 

1,182 
1,029 
1,305 

72 

305 
4,218 

504 
4,453 
26,025 

2,040 
7,187 
4,132 

91 
24,820 

86 


823 

78 

510 

4 

89 
230 
145 


228 
27 
65 
8 

23 
47 
51 

15 

291 

5 

8 

688 

76 
81 
123 

642 
90 


1 00.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 

100,0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


74.6 
75.3 
75.2 
81.9 

82.6 
86.9 
83.6 

72.6 

89.0 
89.6 
62.8 
63.0 
85.8 

91.1 
89.4 
805 
79.5 
805 
76.6 


22.6 
23.3 
23.8 
17.0 

15.9 
103 
14.3 

27.4 

9.2 
8.8 
36.8 
35.0 
11.5 

6.8 
7.6 
14.6 
15.3 
17.2 
II. 1 


2.2 
I.O 

1.2 
2.3 
1.6 




"orgery and counterfeiting 

-raud 

:mbezzlement 

tolen property; buying, receiving, 

Possessmg 

/andalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 


.3 

.8 

.3 
.5 
.6 


ex offenses (except forcible 

rape and prostitution) 

3rug abuse violations 

3amblmg 

Jffenses against family and children ... 


46 

479 

1 

249 

5,393 

544 

2,794 

1,267 

31 

2,758 

5 


1.4 
1.0 
.1 
2.0 
2.4 

1.8 
2.9 
4.5 
5.2 
1.9 
.6 


.5 
.6 
.4 

3 


.,iquor laws 

Drunkenness 


.3 
.1 


/agrancy 

Ml other offenses (except traffic) 

uspicion 

Zurfew and loitering law violations .... 




.4 
11.6 











































' Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
'Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson 
•Includes arson. 



Table 58.— Rural County Arrests by Ethnic Origin, 1981 

[2,345 agencies; 1981 estimated population 25,205,000] 





Total all ages 




Number of arrests 


Percent distribution 


Offense charged 


Total 


Hispanic 


Non- 
Hispanic 


Total 


Hispanic 


Non- 
Hispamc 




816,101 


39,S»4S 


776.153 


100.0 


4.9 


95.1 








1,851 
2,211 
3,580 
23,153 
38.106 
47,869 
8.062 
1,781 


125 

122 

167 

1.093 

1,266 

1,423 

481 

32 


1,726 
2.089 
3,413 
22,060 
36,840 
46,446 
7,581 
1,749 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


6.8 
5.5 
4.7 
4.7 
3.3 
3.0 
6.0 
1.8 


93.2 




94.5 




95.3 




95.3 




96.7 




97.0 








98.2 








30,795 
95,818 


1.507 
3,202 


29,288 
92,616 


100.0 
100.0 


4.9 
3.3 






96.7 








126,613 


4,709 


121,904 


100.0 


3.7 








Other assaults 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

hmbezzlemcnt 

Stolen property, buying, receiving, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons, carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 

Drug abuse violations 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 

Dnvmg under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 


36,459 
7.416 

55,944 

964 

7,304 

14,094 
8,572 

224 
3,224 
45,271 
1,091 
11,471 
211,461 

36,848 

85,742 

26,144 

577 

127,918 

607 

791 

7,366 


1,088 
180 
704 
7 
220 
240 
473 

19 
104 
1,917 
11 
141 
12,361 

944 

8,740 

2,003 

45 

5,662 

51 

31 

298 


35,371 
7.236 

55.240 

957 

7.084 

13.854 
8.099 

205 
3,120 
43,354 
1,080 
11,330 
199,100 

35,904 

77,002 

24,141 

532 

122,256 

556 

760 

7,068 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


3.0 
2.4 
1.3 
.7 
3.0 
1.7 
5.5 

8.5 
3.2 
4.2 
1.0 
1.2 
5.8 

2.6 
10.2 
7.7 
7.8 
4.4 
8.4 
3.9 
4.0 


97.C 

97.e 

98.7 
99.3 
97.C 
98.2 
94.! 

91.! 
96.i 
95,f 
99.C 
98.! 
94.: 

97.^ 
89,i 

92.; 
92.: 

95.( 
91.( 
96.1 
96( 



See footnotes at end of table. 



Fable 58.— Rural County Arrests by Ethnic Origin, 1981— Continued 





Under 18 years of age 


Offense charged 


Number of arrests 


Percent distribution 


Total 


Hispanic 


Non- 
Hispanic 


Total 


Hispanic 


Non- 
Hispanic 


TOTAL 


81,288 


3,403 


77.885 


100.0 


4.2 


9S.8 




Murder and nonncgligcnt nunslaughter 


94 


7 


87 


100.0 


7.4 


92.6 


Forcible rape 


187 


12 


175 


100.0 


6.4 


93.6 


Robbery 


409 


21 


388 


100.0 


5.1 


94.9 


\ggravaied assault 


1,317 


81 


1,236 


100.0 


6.2 


93.8 


Burglarv 


12,687 


470 


12,217 


100.0 


3.7 


96.3 


Lara ny -theft 


11.066 


293 


10,773 


100.0 


2.6 


97.4 


Motor vehicle theft 


2,879 


126 


2,753 


100.0 


4.4 


95.6 


\rson 


405 


* 


397 


100.0 


2.0 


98.0 


Violent crime- 


2,007 


121 


1,886 


100.0 


60 


94.0 


Property crime' 


27,037 


897 


26,140 


100.0 


3.3 


96.7 


Crime Index total' 


29,044 


1,018 


28,026 


100.0 


3.5 


96.5 




3ther assaults 


2,325 


106 


2,219 


100.0 


4.6 


95.4 


=orgery and counterfeiting 


713 


18 


695 


100.0 


2.5 


97.5 


=raud 


525 


11 


514 


100.0 


2.1 


97.9 


imbezzlement 


11 


1 


10 


100.0 


9.1 


90.9 


stolen property, buying, receiving, possessing 


998 


30 


968 


100.0 


3.0 


97.0 


/andahsm ... 


5,096 


90 


5,006 


100.0 


1.8 


98.2 




579 


33 


546 


100.0 


5.7 


94.3 


'rostilution and commercialized vice 


9 
398 




9 
384 


100.0 
100.0 




100.0 


ex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 


14 


3.5 


96.5 


Drug abuse violations 


4,576 


189 


4,387 


100.0 


4.1 


95.9 


3ambling .... 


28 




28 


100.0 




100.0 


Wenses against family and children 


112 


3 


109 


100.0 


2.7 


97.3 


Driving under the innuence 


4,039 


207 


3,832 


100.0 


5.1 


94.9 


Jquor laws .. 


8,907 


236 


8,671 


100.0 


2.6 


97.4 


Drunkenness . 


2,607 


375 


2,232 


100.0 


14.4 


85.6 


Disorderly conduct 


2,061 


170 


1,891 


100.0 


8.2 


91.8 


Vagrancy 


85 


8 


77 


100.0 


9.4 


90.6 


Ml other offenses (except traffic) 


10,939 


562 


10,377 


100.0 


5.1 


94.9 


uspicion 


79 


3 


76 


100.0 


3.8 


962 


Curfew and loitering law violations 


791 


31 


760 


100.0 


3.9 


961 


Runaways 


7,366 


298 


7,068 


100.0 


4.0 


96.0 



See footnotes at end of table. 



219 



Table 58.-Rural County Arrests by Ethnic Origin, 1981-Continued 
















18 years of age and over 




Number of arrests 


Percent distribution 


Offense charged 


ToUl 


Hispanic 


Non- 
Hispanic 


Total 


Hispanic 


Non- 
Hispanic 




734,813 


36,545 


698,268 


100.0 


5.0 


95.0 






1,757 
2,024 
3.171 
21,836 
25,419 
36.803 
5.183 
1,376 


118 
110 
146 

1.012 
796 

1,130 
355 
24 


1,639 
1,914 
3.025 
20,824 
24.623 
35.673 
4,828 
1,352 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


6,7 
5.4 
4.6 
4.6 
3.1 
3.1 
6.8 
1.7 


93.3 
94.6 
95.4 
95.4 
96.9 
96.9 
93.2 
98.3 


Forcible rape 
Robbery . 
Aggravated assault 
Burglary . 
Larceny-theft 
Motor vehicle theft 
Arson .... 




28,788 
68.781 


1,386 
2.305 


27,402 
66.476 


100.0 
100.0 


4.8 
3.4 


95.2 
96.6 




P 




97,569 


3.691 


93.878 


100.0 


3.8 


96.2 






34.134 
6.703 

55.419 
953 
6,306 
8,998 
7,993 

215 
2,826 
40,695 
1.063 
11.359 
207,422 

27.941 
83.135 
24.083 
492 
116,979 
528 


982 
162 
693 
6 
190 
150 
440 

19 
90 
1,728 
11 
138 
12,154 

708 
8,365 
1,833 

37 
5,100 

48 


33,152 
6,541 

54,726 
947 
6.116 
8.848 
7.553 

196 

2,736 
38,967 
1,052 
11,221 
195,268 

27,233 
74,770 
22,250 
455 
111,879 
480 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
lOO.O 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


2.9 
2.4 
1.3 
.6 
3.0 
1.7 
5.5 

8.8 
3.2 
4.2 
1.0 
1.2 
5.9 

2.5 
10.1 
7.6 
7.5 
4.4 
9.1 








Fraud .... 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property buying receivmg possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying possessing etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 

Drug abuse violations 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the innuence 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitenng law violations 


98.7 
99.4 
97.0 
98.3 
94.5 

91.2 
96.8 
95.8 
99.0 
98.8 
94.1 

97.5 
89.9 
92.4 
92.5 
95.6 
90.9 



























'Violenl crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
'Property crimes are ofTenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson 
'Includes arson. 



Fable 59.— Suburban Area' Arrest Trends, 1980-1981 

5,307 agencies; 1981 estimated population 81,518,000] 



Offense charged 


Number of persons arrested 


Total all ages 


Under 18 years of age 


18 years of age and over 


1980 


1981 


Percent 
change 


1980 


1981 


Percent 
change 


1980 


1981 


Percent 

change 


TOTAL 


3,0«3,894 


3,207,301 


+ 4.7 


727,009 


693,380 


-4.6 


2,336,885 


2,513,921 


+ 7.6 


Murder and nonnegligent 




















manslaughter 


4,645 


4,919 


+ 5.9 


431 


418 


-3.0 


4.214 


4,501 


+ 6.8 


Forcible rape 


7,926 


8,041 


+ 1.5 


1.151 


1.123 


-2.4 


6.775 


6,918 


+ 2.1 


Robberv 


30,470 


31,526 


+ 3.5 


7,774 


7,458 


-4.1 


22.696 


24,068 


+ 6.0 


\ggra\jtcd assault 


79,714 


82,170 


+ 3.1 


12.918 


12,310 


-4.7 


66,796 


69,860 


+ 4.6 


Burglary 


164,200 


164,649 


+ .3 


78,694 


74.593 


-5.2 


85,506 


90,056 


+ 5.3 


Larceny theft 


360,783 


382,626 


+ 6.1 


143,453 


140.270 


-2.2 


217,330 


242,356 


+ 11.5 


Motor vehicle theft 


38,556 


36,167 


-62 


18,333 


15.583 


-15.0 


20,223 


20,584 


+ 1.8 


Arson 


6,674 


7,184 


+ 7.6 


3,427 


3.514 


+ 2.5 


3,247 


3,670 


+ 13.0 


Violent cnme» 


122,755 


126,656 


+ 3.2 


22,274 


21,309 


-4.3 


100,481 


105,347 


+ 4.8 


Property cnme» 


570,213 


590,626 


+ 3.6 


243,907 


233,960 


-4.1 


326,306 


356,666 


+ 9.3 


Crime Inden total* 


692,968 


717,282 


+ 3.5 


266,181 


255,269 


-4.1 


426,787 


462,013 


+ 8.3 




3ther assaults 


146,734 


147,044 


+ .2 


27,542 


26,371 


-4.3 


119,192 
21,899 


120,673 
23,940 
101,069 


+ 1.2 


■orgery and counterfeiting 


24,840 


26,854 


+ 8.1 


2,941 


2,914 


.9 


+ 9.3 
+ 8.0 


Fraud 


95^892 


103!508 


+ 7.9 


2!337 


2^439 


+ 4.4 


93^555 


embezzlement 


2,611 


2,583 


-1.1 


267 


234 


-12.4 


2,344 


2,349 


+ .2 


Stolen property baying, receiving, 




















possessing . 


42,432 


44,840 


+ 5.7 


13,430 


12,926 


-3.8 


29,002 


31,914 


+ 1O0 


Vandalism ... 


90,656 


86,025 


-5.1 


50,680 


46,034 


-9.2 


39,976 


39,991 


(') 


*'eapons; carrying, possessing, etc 


42,956 


47,561 


+ 10.7 


7,889 


8,387 


+ 6,3 


35,067 


39,174 


+ 11.7 


Prostitution and commercialized vice 


4,821 


5.673 


+ 17.7 


235 


239 


+ 1.7 


4,586 


5,434 


+ 18.5 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 




















prostitution) 


20,165 


21,017 


+ 4.2 


4,107 


4,155 


+ 1.2 


16,058 


16,862 


+ 5.0 


Drug abuse violations 


170,569 


178,498 


+ 4.6 


39,379 


36,358 


-7.7 


131,190 


142,140 


+ 8.3 


Gambling .... 


4,794 


5,239 


+ 9.3 


190 


208 


+ 9.5 


4,604 


5,031 


+ 9.3 


Offenses against family and children 


21,696 


21,321 


-1.7 


526 


528 


+ .4 


21,170 


20,793 


-1.8 


Driving under the inHuence 


519,268 


566,047 


+ 9.0 


11,980 


11,765 


-1.8 


507,288 


554,282 


+ 9.3 


Liquor laws . 


160,577 


165,459 


+ 3.0 


62,413 


60,547 


-3.0 


98,164 


104,912 


+ 6.9 


Drunkenness 


259,813 


274,787 


+ 5.8 


14,660 


12,655 


-13.7 


245,153 


262,132 


+ 6.9 


iisorderly conduct 


184,568 


179,143 


-2.9 


41,724 


38,047 


-8.8 


142,844 


141,096 


-1.2 


Vagrancy .... 


5,273 


5,419 


+ 2.8 


1,593 


1,576 


-1.1 


3,680 


3,843 


+ 4.4 


All other offenses (except traffic) 


496,370 


536,072 


+ 8.0 


102.044 


99,799 


-2.2 


394,326 


436,273 


+ 10.6 


Suspicion (not included m totals) 


4,118 


3,867 


-6.1 


1.271 


1,076 


-15.3 


2,847 


2,791 


-2.0 


Curfew and loitering law violations 
Runaways 


22,852 


23,603 


+ 3.3 


22.852 


23,603 


+ 3.3 








54,039 


49,326 


-8.7 


54^039 


49^326 


-8.7 

















'Includes 
'Violent c 
^'Property 
♦Includes ; 
'Less ihan 



city and county law enforcement agencies within metropolit 
;s are ofTenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assaul 
nes are offenses of burglary, larceny- the ft, motor vehicle theft, and ars 

:-tenth of 1 percent. 



and counties i 



221 



Table 60.— Suburban Area' Arreste, Distribution by Age, 1981 

[5,837 agencies; 1981 estimated population 87,008,000] 





Total 
aU 
ages 


Ages 

under 

15 


Ages 

under 

18 


Ages 
18 and 


Age 


Offense charged 


Under 
10 


10-12 


13-14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


TOTAL 


3,479,666 
100.0 


229,938 
6.6 


746,732 
21.5 


2,732,934 
78.5 


19,380 
.6 


57,644 

1.7 


152,914 
4.4 


136,705 
3.9 


176,746 
5.1 


203,343 
5.8 


218,024 
6.3 


207,533 
6.0 


195,221 
5,6 


175,317 










Murder and nonnegligent 

manslaughter 
Forcible rape 
Robbery 

Aggravated assault 
Burglary 
Larceny-theft 
Motor vehicle theft 
Arson 


5,211 
8,610 
34,186 
88,406 
176,319 
416,548 
38,722 
7,665 


56 
335 
1,789 
3,805 
26,962 
61,148 
3,999 
2,330 


430 
1,220 
8,176 
13,309 
80,201 
152,984 
16,818 
3,731 


4,781 
7,390 
26,010 
75,097 
96,118 
263,564 
21,904 
3,934 


3 

16 
48 
326 
2,035 
5,686 
61 
645 


13 
54 
349 
936 
6,851 
17,861 
514 
719 


40 
265 
1,392 
2,543 
18,076 
37,601 
3,424 
966 


63 
218 
1,523 
2,217 
15,837 
27,192 
4,109 
463 


129 
279 
2,141 
3,141 
18,569 
31,611 
4,586 
463 


182 
388 
2,723 
4,146 
18,833 
33,033 
4,124 
475 


258 
443 
2,928 
4,351 
15,880 
29,499 
3,121 
375 


253 
455 
2,684 
4.539 
12,325 
23,685 
2.420 
316 


227 
477 
2,455 
4,571 
9,822 
20,150 
1,996 
281 


241 
493 
2,224 
4,569 
7,875 
16,86C 
1,691 
247 


Violent crime' 


136,413 
100,0 

639,254 
100.0 


5,985 

94,439 
14.8 


23,135 

17.0 

253,734 

39.7 


113,278 
83.0 

385,520 
60.3 


393 

.3 

8,427 

1.3 


1,352 

1.0 

25,945 

4.1 


4,240 

3.1 

60,067 

94 


4,021 

2.9 

47,601 

7.4 


5,690 

4.2 

55,229 

8.6 


7,439 

5.5 

56,465 

8.8 


7,980 

5.8 

48,875 

7.6 


7,931 

5.8 

38,746 

61 


7,730 

5.7 

32,249 

5.0 


7 52" 


Percent distribution' 


5 ' 








4; 






Crime Index total' 


775,667 
100.0 


100,424 
12.9 


276,869 
35.7 


498,798 
64.3 


8,820 


27,297 
3,5 


64,307 
8.3 


51,622 
6.7 


60,919 
7.9 


63,904 
8.2 


56,855 
7.3 


46,677 
6.0 


39,979 
5.2 


34,2* 




4' 






Other assaults 


160,786 

28,795 

108,628 

2,783 

47,958 
92,830 

51,992 

6,397 

22,593 

191.929 

5,723 

23,367 
596,957 

177,282 

310,995 

201,855 

6,502 

584,038 
4,224 

25,572 
52,793 


9,870 
515 
425 
48 

3,848 
24..309 

2,448 

63 

1,754 

5,845 

32 

180 
230 

4,315 

n'.m 

423 

34,045 
338 

5,774 
21,668 


28,721 

3,175 

2,608 

251 

13,973 
49,042 

9,007 

276 

4,471 

38,695 

225 

558 
12,361 

63,788 
13,801 
41,234 
1,747 

106,385 
1,180 

25,572 
52,793 


132,065 

25,620 

106,020 

2,532 

33,985 
43,788 

42,985 

6,121 

18,122 

153,234 

5,498 

22,809 
584,596 

113,494 

297,194 

160,621 

4,755 

477,653 
3,044 


906 
15 

27 
2 

160 
3,779 

128 

2 

126 

75 
3 

52 
62 

61 

31 

1,011 

14 

3,097 
23 

HI 
875 


2,751 
121 
79 
10 

814 
8,061 

600 

13 

405 

640 

4 

30 
32 

296 

101 

3,284 

86 

8,163 
79 

894 
3,884 


6,213 
379 
319 
36 

2,874 
12,469 

1,720 

48 

1,223 

5,130 

25 

136 

3,958 

1,054 

7,903 

323 

22,785 
236 

4,769 
16,909 


5,071 
584 

373 
35 

2,733 
7,662 

1,601 

43 

767 

6,963 

40 

130 
350 

8,270 

1,894 

7,099 

337 

20,642 
264 

5,716 
14,509 


6,159 

785 
689 
68 

3,495 
8,548 

2,197 

68 

949 
11,126 

72 

131 
2,828 

19,341 
3,779 
9,592 
478 

24,915 
289 

8,657 
11,661 


7,621 
1,291 
1,121 
100 

3,897 
8,523 

2,761 

102 

1, 001 

14,761 

81 

117 
8,953 

31,862 

6,942 

12,345 

509 

26,783 
289 

5,425 
4,955 


7,539 

1,519 

2,560 

124 

4,053 
6,401 

3,103 

374 

962 

16,978 

113 

663 
20,603 

31,907 

13,857 

14,721 

463 

34,900 
329 


7,837 

1,570 

3,517 

134 

3,486 
4,910 

3.021 

523 

959 

16,271 

136 

712 
26,025 

25,459 

15,156 

14.149 

410 

36,321 
260 


8,154 
1,632 

4,821 
117 

2,879 
4,372 

2,762 

515 

1,015 

15,480 

157 

830 
29,070 

18,533 

15,383 

13,147 

389 

35,712 
274 


8 25' 


Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying. 


1,57( 

5,oo: 
14: 


Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying. 


3,49* 


Prostitution and 




Sex offenses (except forcible 
rape and prostitution) 


99( 

13 931 


Gambling 

Offenses against family and 

children 

Driving under the inHuence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 


15' 

871 

3i,5i: 

6,10( 

16,16; 


Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except 
traffic) 


33' 
33,89f 


Curfew and loitering law 
violations 




Runaways 











See footnotes at end of table. 



Table 60.— Suburban Area' Arrests, Distribution by Age, 


1981— Continued 




















Age 




22 


23 


24 


25-29 


30-34 


35-39 


40-44 


45-49 


50-54 


55-59 


60-64 


65 and 
over 


TOTAL 


155,292 
4.5 


146.402 
4J 


137,834 
4.0 


504,062 
14.5 


331,837 
9.5 


212,152 
6.1 


146,503 

4.2 


104,990 
3.0 


81,379 
2.3 


54,405 
1.6 


31,721 
.9 


30J62 






■ 


Murder and nonnegligent 

manslaughter 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary 


224 
441 
2,011 
4,394 
6,598 
14,457 
1,427 
213 


250 
432 
1,669 
4,072 
5,794 
13,472 
1,313 
232 


253 
445 
1,629 
3,973 
5,161 
12,223 
1,107 
183 


981 
1,645 
5,325 
15,350 
16,131 
45,961 
3,812 
716 


727 
1,034 
2,636 
10,282 
8,066 
29,428 
2,126 
455 


470 
662 
1,162 
6,684 
3,848 
17,064 
1,197 
310 


302 
365 
614 

4,543 
1,949 

11,526 
720 
208 


203 
215 
320 
3,046 
1,092 
8,204 
417 
173 


144 
121 
173 

2,091 
666 

6,949 
256 
92 


108 

97 
1,218 
428 
5,340 
149 
60 


54 
46 
32 
731 
190 
3,733 
54 
32 


86 
55 
51 
683 
289 
5,013 


Motor vehicle theft . . 


Arson 


41 


Violent cnme' 
Percent distribution' 
Property cnme* 
Percent distnbution' 


7,070 

5.2 

22,695 

3.6 


6,423 

47 

20,811 

3.3 


6,300 

46 

18,674 

2.9 


23,301 
17.1 

66,620 
10.4 


14,679 

10.8 

40,075 

6.3 


8,978 

6.6 

22,419 

3.5 


5,824 

4.3 

14,403 

2.3 


3,784 
2.8 

9,886 
1.5 


2,529 
1.9 

7,963 
1.2 


1,484 

1.1 

5,977 

.9 


863 

4,009 
.6 


875 

5,441 
.9 




29,765 
3.8 


27,234 
3.5 


24,974 
3.2 


89,921 
11.6 


54,754 
7.1 


31,397 
4.0 


20,227 
2.6 


13,670 
1.8 


10,492 
1.4 


7,461 
1.0 


4.872 
.6 




Percent distribution" 










7,394 

1,521 

5,200 

145 

2,146 
2,749 

2,406 

492 

866 

11,918 

160 

963 
29,570 

4,371 

14,954 

10,554 

285 

29,596 
237 


7,269 

1,419 

5,486 

99 

1.949 
2,554 

2,403 

475 

902 

10,853 

204 

1,074 
29,182 

3,400 

14,254 

9,425 

250 

27,766 
204 


7,224 

1,625 

5,830 

124 

1,829 
2,272 

2,321 

422 

865 

9,862 

180 

1,193 
27,797 

2,893 

13,471 

8,653 

238 

25,876 
185 


27,114 

6,339 

24,601 

497 

6,221 
7,252 

8,594 

1,259 

3.277 

30,673 

819 

5,338 
111,194 

8,172 

50,144 

28,115 

913 

93,043 
576 


18,585 

4,047 

19,359 

421 

3,718 
4,010 

5,635 

605 

2,664 

14,731 

804 

4,547 
81,449 

3,907 

35,734 

16,925 

544 

59,076 
322 


12,114 

1,915 

12,485 

317 

2,021 
2.269 

3,609 

309 

1,790 

6,202 

667 

2,976 
57,740 

2,372 

26,329 

10,641 

297 

36,554 
148 


U12 

7,543 

154 

1,171 
1,284 

2,334 

174 

1,254 

2,910 

533 

1,776 
43,564 

1,714 

21,882 

7,265 

161 

23,231 
103 


5,174 
644 

4,337 
133 

781 
832 

1,486 

116 

822 
1,472 
452 

895 
33,480 

1,333 

18,327 

5,094 

166 

15,718 
58 


3,271 

368 

2,615 

62 

571 
584 

1.143 

82 

680 
886 
397 

547 
26,491 

1,030 

16,843 

4,001 

127 

11,138 
51 


1,979 

189 

1,447 

29 

277 
381 

676 

74 

433 
536 
283 

229 
18,279 

820 

11,935 

2,541 

73 

6.731 
32 


1,065 
78 

755 
23 

121 
193 

387 

32 

306 
208 
219 

95 
10,350 

541 

6,921 

1.508 

65 

3,974 
8 




Forgery and counterfeiting 


72 


Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 
possessing 


10 
146 


Weapons; carrying. 


373 


Prostitution and commercialized 


21 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape 
and prostitution) 


337 
316 


Gambling 

Offenses against family and 
children 


215 

93 
8 290 


Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except 

traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law 


942 

5,843 

1.448 

40 

4,119 
14 


Runawavs 

















'Includes suburban city and county law enforcemeni 

'Because of rounding the percentages may not add to total. 

'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rai>e. robbery, and aggravated assault. 

^Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson 



are also included i 



Table 61.— Suburban Area' Arrests of Persons under 15, 18, 21 and 25 Years of Age, 1981 

[5,837 agencies; 1981 estimated population 87,008,000] 



Number of persons arrested 



Percent of total all ages 



Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 

Forcible rape 

Robbery .. 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary . . 

Larceny-theft 

Motor vehicle theft 

Arson 



Violent cnme' 
Property crime' 



Crime Index total* 



ing, possessing 



Other assaults 

Forgery and counterfeiting ... 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiv 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, 



Prostitution and commercialized vice . 
Sex offenses (except forcible rape and 

prostitution) 

Drug abuse violations 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children .. 
Driving under the influence 



Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses {except traffic) . . 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law violations 
Runaways 



5,211 
8,610 
34,186 
88,406 
176,319 
416,548 
38,722 
7,665 



160,786 
28,795 
108,628 

2,783 
47,958 
92,830 
51,992 

6,397 

22,593 

191,929 

5,723 

23,367 
596,957 

177,282 
310,995 
201,855 

6.502 
584,038 

4,224 



430 
1,220 
8,176 
13,309 
80,201 
152,984 
16,818 
3,731 



1,168 
2,595 
16,243 
26,770 
118,228 
226,318 
24,355 
4,703 



2,136 
4,406 
23,776 
43,778 
143,660 
283,330 
29,893 
5,578 



3,848 
24,309 
2,448 



5,845 
32 
180 



1,186 

12,198 

423 

34,045 



251 
13,973 
49,042 
9,007 

276 



63,788 
13,801 
41,234 
1,747 
106,385 



52,251 
7,896 
13,506 
626 
24,391 
64.725 
17,893 

1,688 



88,059 

139,687 
58,197 
83,251 
3,009 
213,318 
2,043 
25,572 
52,793 



82,393 
14,031 
35,025 
1,137 
32,931 
75,799 
27,755 

3,725 



156,451 

117,037 
124,317 
4,116 
330,454 
2,912 
25,572 
52,793 



27.9 
100.0 
100.0 



50.9 
69.7 
34.4 



'Includes suburban city and county law enforcement agencies 

'Violent crimes are """ "*" ' — *" — •""'" ' 

'Property crimes ai 
*Includes i 



1 city and county law enlorcement agencies within n 
: offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggrava 
re offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle the! 



: also included in other groups. 



■e offenses of burglary, 
'Less than one-tenth of I percent 



224 



Table 62.— Suburban Area' Arrests, Distribution by Sex, 1981 
[5,837 agencies; 1981 estimated population 87,008,000] 



Offense charged 


Number of persons arrested 


Percent 
male 


Percent 
female 


Percent distribution' 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 




3,479,666 


2,925,480 


554,186 


84.1 


15.9 


100.0 


100.0 


100.0 






5,211 
8,610 
34,186 
88,406 
176,319 
416,548 
38,722 
7,665 


4,541 
8,528 
31,793 
78,186 
164,836 
294,711 
35,107 
6,844 


670 

82 

2,393 

10,220 

11,483 

121,837 

3,615 

821 


87.1 
990 
93.0 
88.4 
93.5 
70.8 
90.7 
89.3 


12.9 
1.0 
7.0 

11.6 
6.5 

29,2 
9.3 

10.7 


'2 

1.0 

2.5 
5.1 
12.0 
11 


,2 
.3 
1.1 
2.7 
5.6 
10-1 
1.2 
.2 









Robbery 




1.8 






22.0 


Motor vehicle theft 


Arson 


■1 


Violent crime* 


136,413 
639,254 


123,048 
501,498 


13,365 
137,756 


90.2 
78.5 


9.8 
21.5 


3.9 


4.2 
17.1 














775,667 


624,546 


151,121 


80.5 


19.5 


22.3 


21.3 








Other assaults 


160,786 
28,795 

108,628 
2,783 
47,958 
92,830 
51,992 

6,397 
22,593 
191,929 
5.723 
23,367 
596,957 

177,282 
310,995 
201,855 
6,502 
584,038 
4,224 
25,572 
52,793 


138,101 
19,779 
61,408 
2,039 
42,872 
85,051 
48,227 

1,848 
21,467 
165,559 
5,048 
21,546 
533,434 

149,230 
284,516 
173,077 
5,708 
496,071 
3,676 
19,197 
23,080 


22,685 
9,016 

47,220 
744 
5,086 
7,779 
3.765 

4,549 
1,126 

26,370 
675 
1,821 

63,523 

28,052 
26,479 
28,778 

794 
87,967 

548 
6,375 
29,713 


85.9 
68.7 
56.5 
73.3 
89.4 
91.6 
92.8 

28.9 
95.0 
86.3 
88.2 
92.2 
89.4 

84.2 
91.5 
85.7 
87.8 
84.9 
87.0 
75.1 


14.1 
31.3 
43.5 
26.7 
10,6 
8.4 
7,2 

71.1 
5.0 

13.7 

11.8 
7.8 

10.6 

15.8 
8.5 
14.3 
12.2 
15,1 
13.0 
24.9 


4.6 

8 

3.1 

1.4 
2,7 
1,5 

,2 
,6 

5,5 

,7 
17.2 

5.1 
8.9 
5.8 

16.8 

.7 
1,5 


4.7 
.7 
2.1 

15 
2.9 
16 

.7 
5.7 
.2 
,7 
18,2 

5,1 

9,7 
5,9 
,2 
17,0 
,1 
,7 






Fraud 

Embezzlement 


8,5 


Stolen property; buymg, receiving, possessing 


.9 




^ 




,8 
.2 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 
















5,1 


Drunkenness 




" 






15 9 


Suspicion 








^ 











'Includes suburban city and county law enforcement agencies within metropoHtan 

^Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

'Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 

•Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 

'Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson 

•Includes arson. 



areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban cities and counties < 



Table 63.— Suburban Area' Arrest Trends, Sex, 1980-1981 

[5,307 agencies; 1981 estimated population 81.518,000] 



Percent 
change 



Percent 



Murder and nonnegli 

manslaughter 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault . 

Burglary 

Larceny-theft 

Motor vehicle theft 
Arson 



Violent crime* . 
Property crime' 



Crime Index total' 



Other assaults 

Forgery and counterfeiting ... 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property, buying, 

receiving, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing. 



and commercialized 



Prostitu 

vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible 

rape and prostitution) 

Drug abuse violations 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and 

children 

Driving under the influence . 



Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except 

Suspicion (not included in 
totals) 

Curfew and loitering law 
violations 

Runaways 



7,851 
28,282 
70,993 
153,787 
257,745 
35,078 
5,981 



126,568 
17,195 
54,480 
1,853 



19,094 

146,784 

4.165 



136,049 
238,189 
159,799 

4,727 



7,964 
29,315 
72,808 
153,881 



396 
1,119 
7,178 
11,230 
73,500 
108,015 
16,354 
3,087 



382 
1,103 
6,914 
10,535 
69,591 
105,085 
13,907 
3,203 



8,721 
10,413 
103,038 

3,478 



1,688 
5,194 
35,438 



1,775 
5,002 
35,185 
1,676 



126,389 
18,418 
58,652 



21,092 
2,120 
1,771 



12,320 
46,824 



20,166 
7,645 
41,412 



7,186 
2,538 



19,983 

153,880 

4,601 



139,391 

251,144 

154,011 

4,759 

455,122 

3,382 



3,917 

30,273 

194 



10,482 

46,656 
10,865 
31,543 
1,350 

80,033 



24,528 
21,624 

24,769 
546 



20,655 
8,436 
44,856 



7,143 
3,378 



60,370 

26,068 

23,643 

25,132 

660 

80,950 

485 



239 

6,788 

12 


238 

6,085 

14 


173 
1,251 


199 
1,283 


14,071 

2,002 

7,014 

231 


13,891 

1,790 

6,504 

226 


20,018 


19,766 


260 


173 


5,733 
30,758 


5,908 
27.707 



'Includes suburban city and county law enforcement agencies within metropolil 
'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assaul 
'Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and ars 
'Includes arson. 



a^d counties are also included in other groups. 



Table 64.— Suburban Area' Arrests, Distribution by Race, 1981 

[5,804 agencies; 1981 estimated population 86,677.000] 





Total arrests 




Offense charged 


Total 


White 


Black 


Arr.encan 
Indian 

or 
Alaskan 
Native 


Asian 

or 
Pacific 
Islander 


Total 


White 


Black 


American 
Indian 

Alaskan 

Native 


Asian 

Pacific 
Islander 


TOTAL 


3,464,291 


2,876,518 


563,749 


14,329 


9,695 


100.0 


83.0 


16.3 


.4 


.3 


Murder and nonnegligent 


5,202 
8,595 
34,164 
88,322 
176,018 
415,896 
38,652 
7,652 


3,470 
5,749 
18,675 
65,448 
139,658 
311,304 
30,994 
6,665 


1,699 
2,788 
15,340 
22,201 
35.425 
101.136 
7.408 
940 


19 
27 
75 
371 
573 
1,417 
156 
26 


14 
31 
74 
302 
362 
2,039 
94 
21 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
lOO.O 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


66.7 
66.9 
54.7 
74.1 
79.3 
74.9 
802 
87.1 


44.9 
25.1 
201 
24.3 
19.2 
12.3 














Robbery 


.2 






Larceny-theft 

Motor vehicle thefl 


.5 


Arson 


.3 




136,283 
638,218 


93,342 
488,621 


42,028 
144,909 


492 
2,172 


421 
2,516 


100.0 
100.0 


68.5 
76.6 


30.8 
22.7 


.4 
.3 














774.501 


581,963 


186,937 


2,664 


2,937 


100.0 


75.1 


24.1 


.3 










160,406 

28,726 

111,599 

2,780 

47,885 
92,590 

51,882 

6,366 

22,511 

190,876 

5,736 

23,306 
587,643 

177,238 

309,258 

201,054 

6,491 

581.403 
4,177 

25,356 
52,507 


125.271 
20.227 
80.748 
2.217 

35,389 
83,184 

40,012 

3,884 

19,414 

164,203 

3,135 

15,856 
538,395 

169,548 

272,926 

170,558 

4.970 

470,380 
3.439 

22.974 
47,825 


34,035 

8,361 

30,380 

540 

12,211 
8,993 

11,540 

2,421 

2,937 
25,910 
2,580 

7,355 
44,415 

6,759 
32,364 
29,430 

1,442 

107,821 
729 

2.284 
4,305 


585 
81 

239 
11 

164 
234 

153 

15 

68 

414 

9 

73 
2.465 

617 

3,467 

755 

53 

1,933 
7 

54 
268 


515 
57 

232 
12 

121 
179 

177 

46 

92 
349 
12 

22 
2,368 

314 
501 
311 
26 

1,269 

2 

44 
109 


100.0 
lOO.O 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 

100.0 

100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 


78.1 
70.4 
72.4 
79.7 

73.9 
89.8 

77.1 

61.0 

86.0 
54.7 

68.0 
91.6 

95.7 
88.3 
84.8 
76.6 

82'3 

90.6 
91.1 


21.2 
29.1 

27.2 
19.4 

25.5 
9.7 

22.2 

38.0 

13.0 
13.6 
45.0 

31.6 
7.6 

3.8 
105 
14.6 
22.2 

18.5 
17.5 

9.0 
8.2 






Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying. 


1 


' 


.2 
.2 
.4 

.3 
.2 

3 


Prostitution and commercialized 




Sex offenses (except forcible rape 
and prostitution) 




Gamblmg 

Offenses against family and 


.2 


Driving under the influence 




Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except 
traffic) 


.2 
.2 

(•) 

.2 
.2 


Curfew and loitering law 

violations 

Runaways 



See footnotes at end of table. 



Table 64— Suburban Area' Arrests, 


Distribution by Race, 


1981— Continued 
















Arrests under 18 


Percent distribution' 


Offense charged 


Total 


White 


Black 


American 
Indian 

Alaskan 
Native 


Asian 

Pacific 
Islander 


Total 


White 


Black 


American 
Indian 

or 
Alaskan 
Native 


Asian 

Pacific 
Islander 




742,285 


640,472 


97,872 


2,117 


1,824 


100.0 


86.3 


13.2 


.3 


J 






Murder and nonnegligent 

manslaughter 
Forcible rape 
Robbery 

Aggravated assault 
Burglary 
Larceny-theft 
Motor vehicle theft 
Arson 


428 
1,217 
8,168 
13,282 
79,905 
152,338 
16,756 
3,717 


295 
715 
3,857 
9,809 
66,584 
120,629 
14,245 
3,319 


131 
501 
4,275 
3,391 
12,862 
30,681 
2,415 
381 


, 


1 
1 
17 
34 
194 
610 
41 
11 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


68.9 
58.8 
47.2 
73.9 
83.3 
79.2 
85.0 
89.3 


30.6 
41.2 
52.3 
25.5 
16.1 
20.1 
14.4 
10.3 


2 


.2 


19 
48 
265 
418 
55 
6 


.4 
.3 
.3 
.3 
.2 


.2 
.3 
.2 
.4 
.2 
.3 


Violent cnme' 
Property crime* 


23,095 
252,716 


14,676 
204,777 


8,298 
46,339 


68 

744 


53 
856 


100.0 
100.0 


63.5 
81.0 


35.9 
18.3 


.3 
.3 


.2 
.3 


Crime Index total' 


275,811 


219,453 


54,637 


812 


909 


100.0 


79.6 


19.8 


.3 


.3 








28,552 

3,149 

2,592 

251 

13,931 
48,780 

8,986 

267 

4,452 

38,173 

224 

555 
12,188 

63,391 

13,728 
41,097 
1,736 

105,387 
1,172 

25,356 
52,507 


22,740 

2,721 

2,064 

212 

11,150 
44,884 

7.560 

189 

3,719 

35,115 

100 

479 
11,902 

62,166 
13.110 
36,201 
1,520 

93,318 
1,070 

22,974 
47,825 


5,647 
415 
501 
36 

2,698 
3,740 

1,352 

75 

709 

2,898 

124 

74 
206 

1,014 
445 

4,759 
207 

11.644 

102 

2,284 
4,305 


78 
7 
6 

45 

77 

29 

13 

85 

57 

128 

154 

71 

4 

225 


87 
6 

21 
2 

38 
79 

45 

2 

11 

75 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
lOO.O 

100.0 

100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 


79.6 
86.4 
79.6 

84.5 

80.0 
92,0 

84.1 

70.8 

83.5 
92.0 
44.6 

86.3 
97.7 

98.1 
95.5 
88.1 
87.6 

88.5 
91.3 

90.6 
91.1 


19.8 
13.2 
19.3 
14.3 

19.4 

7.7 

15.0 

28.1 

15.9 
7.6 
55.4 

13.3 
1.7 

1.6 
3.2 
11.6 
11,9 

11.0 

8.7 

9.0 
8,2 


.y 

.2 
.4 

.3 
.2 

,3 

,4 

.3 
.2 






.2 


Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, 

possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying. 


's 

.3 
.2 

.5 


Prostitution and commercialized 


,7 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape 


,2 




.2 


Gambling 

Offenses against family and 






^5 

.2 
1.1 

.2 

.2 

.2 






23 

83 
19 
66 

5 

200 


.2 


Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except 

traffic) 

Suspicion 

Curfew and loitering law 

violations 


.2 
.3 

.2 


54 
268 


44 
109 


.2 

.5 


.2 


Runaways 


.2 



See footnotes at end of table. 



Table 64.— Suburban Area' Arrests, 


Distribution 


by Race, 


1981— Continued 
















Arrests 18 and over 


Percent distribution' 


Offense charged 


Total 


White 


Black 


American 
Indian 

or 
Alaskan 
Native 


Asian 

or 
Pacific 
Islander 


Total 


While 


Black 


American 
Indian 

Alaskan 
Native 


Asian 

Pacific 
Islander 




2,722,006 


2,236,046 


465,877 


12,212 


7,871 


100.0 


82.1 


17.1 


.4 


.3 




Murder and nonnegligent 

manslaughter 
Foicible rape 
Robbery 

Aggravated assault 
Buiglary 
Larcenj -theft 
Motor vehicle theft 
Arson 


4,774 
7.378 
25,996 
75,040 
96,113 
263,558 
21,896 
3,935 


3.175 
5,034 
14.818 
55,639 
73,074 
190,675 
16,749 
3,346 


1,568 
2,287 
11,065 
18,810 
22,563 
70,455 
4,993 
559 


18 
27 
56 
323 
308 
999 
101 
20 


13 
30 
57 
268 
168 
1,429 
53 
10 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


66.5 
68.2 
57.0 
74.1 
76.0 
72.3 
76.5 
85.0 


32.8 
31.0 
42.6 
25.1 
23.5 
26.7 
22.8 
14.2 


.4 

.2 
.4 
.3 
.4 
.5 
.5 




Violent cnme> 


113,188 
385,502 


78,666 
283,844 


33,730 
98.570 


424 
1,428 


368 
1,660 


100.0 
100.0 


69.5 
73.6 


29.8 
25.6 


.4 
.4 






498,690 


362,510 


132.300 


1,852 


2.028 


100.0 


72.7 


26.5 


.4 








131,854 

25,577 

109,007 

2,529 

33,954 
43,810 

42,896 

6,099 

18,059 

152,703 

5,512 

22,751 
575,455 

113,847 

295,530 

159,957 

4,755 

476,016 
3,005 


102,531 
17,506 
78,684 
2,005 

24,239 
38.300 

32,452 

3,695 

15,695 

129,088 

3,035 

15,377 
526,493 

107,382 

259,816 

134.357 

3.450 

377.062 
2,369 


28.388 

7.946 

29.879 

504 

9.513 
5.253 

10.188 

2.346 

2,228 
23,012 
2,456 

7,281 
44,209 

5,745 
31,919 
24,671 

1,235 

96,177 
627 


507 
74 

233 
10 

119 

157 

124 
14 

3^^ 
9 

71 
2,408 

489 

3.313 

684 

49 

1.708 

7 


428 
51 

211 
10 

83 
100 

132 

44 

81 
274 
12 

22 
2,345 

231 
482 
245 
21 

2 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 

1 00.0 

100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 


77.8 
68.4 
72.2 
79.3 

71.4 
87.4 

75.7 

60.6 

86.9 
84.5 
55.1 

67.6 
91.5 

94.3 
87.9 
84.0 
72.6 

79.2 
78.8 


21.5 
31 1 
27.4 
19.9 

28.0 
12.0 

23.8 

38.5 

12.3 
15.1 
44.6 

32.0 

7.7 

5.0 
10.8 
15.4 
26.0 

20.2 
20.9 


.4 

.3 
.2 

.4 

.3 

.2 

.3 
.2 
.2 

.3 

.4 
1.1 

1.0 
.2 




Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, 




Prostitution and commercialized 




Sex offenses (except forcible rape 








Gambling 

Offenses against family and 

children 




Liquor laws 








Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except 

traffic) 




Curfew and loitering law 




Runaways . 













































'Includes suburban city and county law enforcement agencies within metropolitan areas. Excludes . 

"Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

^Violent crimes are ofTenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault, 

•Property crimes are ofTenses of burglary, larceny -theft, motor vehicle theft and arson. 

"Includes arson. 

'Less than one-tenth of 1 percent. 



Suburban cities and < 



; also included in < 



Table 65. — Suburban Area' Arrests, Distribution by Ethnic Origin, 1981 

[4,636 agencies; 1981 estimated population 69,652,000] 





Total all ages 




Number of arrests 


Percent distribution 


Offense charged 


Total 


Hispanic 


Non- 
Hispanic 


Total 


Hispanic 


Non- 
Hispamc 




2,750,841 


243,674 


2,5(n,167 


100.0 


8.9 










4,063 
6,784 
25,587 
66,807 
135,635 
323,344 
31,916 
6,081 


651 
696 
2,861 
7,908 
11,736 
20,181 
3,752 
310 


3,412 
6,088 
22,726 
58,899 
123,899 
303,163 
28,164 
5,771 


100.0 
1 00.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


16.0 
103 
11.2 
11.8 
8.7 
6.2 
11.8 
5.1 


84 




89 7 


Robbery 


88.8 




91 3 




93 8 
















103,241 
496,976 


12,116 
35,979 


91.125 
460,997 


100.0 
100.0 


11.7 
7.2 














600,217 


48,095 


552,122 


100.0 


8.0 








Other assaults 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Fraud 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property, buying, receiving, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commerculi/ed vice 

Sex offenses (except forcibli. rape and prostitution) 

Drug abus( violations 

Gambling . 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 

Liquor laws 

Drunkenness 

Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy . 

All other offenses (except traffic) 

Suspicion . 

Curfew and loitering law violations 

Runaways 


124,798 
24,054 
90,379 
2.535 
36,724 
74,504 
39,828 

5,202 
18,230 
145,269 
4.700 
17,864 
510.347 

150,733 
272,366 
152,684 
5,548 
418,126 
2,711 
16,080 
37,942 


9,136 

2,127 
1,464 
125 
3,494 
3,450 
5,279 

209 
1.434 
8,898 
324 
742 
63,560 

5,892 
51,332 
7,692 
555 
26,377 
322 
1,279 
1,888 


115,662 
21,927 
88,915 
2,410 
33,230 
71,054 
34,549 

4,993 
16,796 
136,371 
4,376 
17,122 
446,787 

144,841 
221,034 
144,992 
4,993 
391,749 
2,389 
14,801 
36,054 


lOO.O 
1000 
1 00.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
lOO.O 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 

100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
1000 
1000 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


7.3 
8.8 
1,6 
4.9 
9.5 
4.6 
13.3 

4.0 
7.9 
6.1 
6.9 
4.2 
12.5 

3.9 
18.8 
5.0 

lao 

6.3 
11.9 
8.0 
5.0 


92.7 
91.2 
98.4 
95.1 
90.5 
95.4 
86.7 

96.0 
92.1 
93.9 
93.1 
95.8 
87.5 

96.1 
81.2 
95.0 
90.0 
93.7 
88.1 
92.0 
95.0 



Table 65.-Suburban Area' Arrests, Distribution by Ethnic Origin, 


981— Continued 












Under 18 years of age 


Offense charged 


Number of arrests 


Percent distribution 


Total 


Hispanic 


Non- 
Hispanic 


Total 


Hispanic 


Non- 
Hispanic 


TOTAL 


557,509 


40,177 


517,332 


100.0 


7.2 


92.8 




Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 


323 


85 


238 




26.3 
10.2 


73.7 
89.8 


Forcible rape 


901 


92 


809 


1000 


Robbery ... 


5,874 


743 


5,131 


100.0 


12.6 


87.4 


Aggravated assault 


9,705 


1,432 


8,273 


100.0 


14.8 


85.2 


Burglary ... 


61,209 


4,925 


56,284 


100.0 


8.0 


92.0 


Larceny-theft 


117,679 


6,801 


110,878 


100.0 


5.8 


94.2 


Motor vehicle theft 


13.497 


1,341 


12.156 


100.0 


9.9 


90.1 


Arson 


2,994 


148 


2,846 


100.0 


49 


95.1 


Violent crime» 


16,803 


2,352 


14,451 
182,164 




100,0 
100.0 


140 
6.8 


86.0 
93.2 


Property crime' 


195,379 


13!215 




Crime Index total* 


212,182 


15,567 


196,615 


100.0 


7.3 


92.7 




Other assaults 


20,138 


1,811 


18,327 
2,519 
2,036 


100.0 
100.0 
100.0 


9.0 
5.2 
6.3 


91.0 
94.8 
93.7 


Forgery and counterfeiting 


2,656 

2,172 


137 


Fraud 


136 


Embt77lement 


220 


24 


196 


100.0 


10.9 




Stolen property, buymg, receivmg, possessmg 


10,425 


1,025 


9,400 


100.0 


9.8 


90.2 


Vandalism 


37,277 


1,800 


35,477 


100.0 


48 


95.2 


Weapons carrymg, possessing etc 


6,708 


1,020 


5,688 


100.0 


15.2 


84.8 


Prostitution and commercialized vice 


205 


8 


197 


100.0 


3.9 


96.1 


Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 


3,537 


348 


3,189 


100.0 


98 


90.2 


Drug abust violations 


28,046 


1,726 


26.320 


100.0 


6.2 


93.8 


Gambling 


168 


11 


157 


1 00.0 


6.5 


93.5 


Offenses against family and children 


461 


21 


440 


100.0 


46 


95.4 


Driving under the influence 


10,498 


1,059 


9.439 


100.0 


10.1 


89.9 


Liquor laus 


52,767 


2,184 


50,583 


1000 


41 


95.9 


Drunkenness 


12,091 


2,837 


9,254 


100.0 


23.5 


76.5 




27,872 


1,513 


26,359 


100.0 


5.4 


94.6 


Vagrancy 


1,313 


197 


1,116 


100.0 


15.0 


85.0 


All other offenses (except traffic) 


74,039 


5,533 


68,506 


100.0 


7.5 


92.5 


Suspicion 


712 


53 


659 


100.0 


7.4 


92.6 


Curfew and loitenng law violations 


16,080 


1,279 


14,801 


100.0 


8.0 


92.0 


Runaways 


37,942 


1,888 


36,054 


100.0 


5.0 


95.0 



See footnotes at end of table. 



Table 65.— Suburban Area' Arrests, Distribution by Ethnic Origin, 1981— Continued 



18 years of age and over 



Percent distribution 



Non- 
HispanK 



Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter 

Forcible rape 

Robbery .. 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary .. 

Larceny-theft 

Motor vehicle theft 



Violent ci 
Property ' 



Crime Index total' 



Other assaults 

Forgery and counterfeiting 

Embezzlement 

Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing 

Vandalism 

Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc 

Prostitution and commercialized vice 

Sex offenses (except forcible rape and prostitution) 

Drug abuse violations 

Gambling 

Offenses against family and children 

Driving under the influence 



Disorderly conduct 

Vagrancy 

All other offenses (except traffic) 



19,713 
57,102 
74,426 
205,665 



2.315 
26,299 
37,227 
33,120 

4,997 
14,693 
117,223 



97,966 
260,275 
124,812 
4,235 
344,087 



1,999 



3.174 
5,279 
17,595 
50,626 
67,615 
192,285 
16.008 
2,925 



97,335 
19,408 
86,879 
2,214 
23,830 
35,577 
28,861 

4,796 
13,607 
110,051 



94,258 
211.780 
118,633 
3,877 
323,243 



,730 



'Includes suburban city and county law enforcement agencies within metropolitan areas. Excludes core < 
'Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery, and aggravated assault. 
•Property cnmes are offenses of burglary, larceny-theft, motor vehicle theft, and arson. 
•Includes arson. 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
100.0 
lOO.O 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 
100.0 



100.0 
100.0 

100.0 



also included in other groups. 



232 



Table 66. — Police Disposition of Juvenile Offenders Taken into Custody, 1981 
[1981 estimated population] 



Population group 


Total' 


Handled 

within 

department 

and released 


Referred to 
juvenile 


Referred to 
welfare 


Referred to 
other police 


Referred to 
criminal or 






jurisdiction 


agency 


agency 


adult court 


TOTAL ALL AGENOES: 11.499 agencies; 
population 192,945,000: 

Number 


1,383.380 
100.0 


468,212 
33.8 


802,734 
58.0 


20,796 
1.5 


21,625 
1.6 


70,013 
5.1 


Percent' 




TOTAL OTIES: 8,098 cities; 


1,158,280 
100.0 


401,012 
34.6 


661,347 
57.1 


17,422 
1.5 


18,495 
1.6 


60.004 
5.2 


Percent 




Group I 














48 cities, 250,000 and over; population 28,406,000: 


238,908 


77,496 


149.780 
62.7 


2,489 
1.0 


5,890 
2.5 


3,253 
1.4 




Group II 






07 cities. 100,000 to 249,999; population 15,521,000: 
Number 


128,046 


42,166 


78,334 


2,922 


1,742 
1.4 


2,882 
2.3 




Group III 










287 cities, 50,000 to 99.999; population 19.579,000: 
Number 


172,251 
100.0 


60,001 
34.8 


98,349 
57.1 


4,153 


2,391 
1.4 


7,357 
4.3 


Percent 


Group IV 














597 cities, 25,000 to 49,999; population 20,542,000: 


206,437 
100.0 


75,696 
36.7 


113,813 
55 1 


3,266 
1 6 


3,436 
1 7 


10,226 
50 


Percent 


Group V 














,519 cities, 10,000 to 24,999; population 23,818,000: 


225,547 
100.0 


83,101 
36.8 


122,260 
54.2 


2,500 
1.1 


2,528 


15,158 
6.7 


Percent 


Group VI 














,540 cities under 10,000; population 20,792,000: 


187,091 


62,552 


98,811 


2,092 


2,508 








Suburban Counties 














Percent 


155,753 
100.0 


49,011 
31.5 


98,066 


2,012 


1,509 


5.155 


Rural Counties 














1,374 agencies; population 26,147,000: 

Number 

Percent 


69,347 
100.0 


18.189 
26.2 


43,321 
62.5 


1,362 
2.0 


1,621 

2.3 


4,854 
7.0 


Suburban Area' 














,529 agencies; population 92,011,000: 

Number 


634,252 
100.0 


241,188 
38.0 


337,270 
53.2 


7,884 
1.2 


8,180 
1.3 


39,730 







' Includes all offenses except traffic and neglect cases. 

• Because of rounding, the percentages may not add to total. 

' Includes suburban city and county law enforcement agencies within metropolit 



1 areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban cities also included in other city groups. 



233 



Ab a ICam iEnforrf mf nt ®f f irtr, my funJ^mentafJui^ h /» 

jfrt/*" manklna; to iafeauara livei ana properly; to protect the innocent a^ainil 
deception, the weak aqainit oppreislon or intlmiJafion, ana the peaceful 
against violence or disorder; ana to reipect the C-onilitutionat rights of all 
men to tioert^, e^uatit^ anJ justice. 

K mtll Keep mg private life unsulliea as an example to all; maintain coura- 
geous calm in the face of danger, icorn, or riJicute; develop Self-restraint; and 
he constantlu mindful of the welfare of others. ^J4onest in thought and deed 
in both mu personal and off icial life, ^ will oe exemplary in ooe^in^ the laws 
of the land and the regulations of m^ department. lAyhatever J^ See or hear of 
a confidential nature or that is confided to me in my official capacity will he 
kept ever Secret unless revelation ii necessary in the performance of my dut^. 

Jl mtll never act of ficiouslu or permit personal feelings, prejudices, animos- 
ities or friendships to influence my decisions. With no compromise for crime 
and with relentless prosecution of criminals, .y will enforce the law courteously 
and appropriatelu without fear or favor, malice or ill will, never emplo^in^ 
unnecessary force or violence and never accepting gratuities. 

I rPrngntEP tL LJ^e ofm^ office as a SfmU of puUic faith, and 
Jf accept it as a public trust to be held so lon^ as .y am true to the ethics of 
the police service. Jf will constantlu strive to achieve these oojectives and ideals, 
dedicating mifSelf before Cfod to m^ chosen profession . . . law enforcement. 



SECTION V 
LAW ENFORCEMENT PERSONNEL 



Law Enforcement Employees 

The national rate for law enforcement officers was 2 
per 1,000 United States inhabitants as of October 31, 1981. 
Considering city, county, and state police, 444,240 officers 
were reported as employed on a full-time basis by 11,726 
agencies representing a population of 218 million. Includ- 
ing full-time civilians, the total law enforcement employee 
force was 568,695 for a rate of 2.6 per 1,000 inhabitants. 

Varying demographic and other jurisdictional charac- 
teristics greatly affect a locale's requirements for law 
enforcement services. For example, the needs of a locale 
having a highly mobile or seasonal population may differ 
significantly from those of a community whose population 
is relatively stable. Similarly, a small community situated 
between two large cities, due to its geographic location, 
may require a greater number of law enforcement person- 
nel than a similarly sized community having no urban 
centers nearby. 

The functions of law enforcement also differ significant- 
ly throughout the Nation. In certain areas, sheriffs' 
responsibilities are limited almost exclusively to civil 
functions and/or the administration of the county jail 
facilities. Likewise, the responsibilities of state police and 
highway patrol agencies may vary greatly from jurisdic- 
tion to jurisdiction. 

Because of these differing service requirements and 
responsibilities, care should be used when attempting any 
comparison of employee rates. The law enforcement 
employee rates presented in the following tables represent 
national averages; they should be viewed as guides or 
indicators, not as recommended or desirable police 
strengths. In fact, the law enforcement strength in many 
of our Nation's communities is less than the national 
average. Adequate manpower for a specific locale can be 
determined only after careful study and analysis of the 



various conditions which contribute to the requirements 
for law enforcement service in that jurisdiction. 

The 1981 national law enforcement employee averages 
for cities ranged from 2 per 1,000 inhabitants in those with 
populations from 10,000 to 49,999 to 3.3 for those with 
populations of 250,000 or more. The suburban areas 
averaged 2.2 full-time law enforcement employees per 
1,000 inhabitants, while the average rate for sheriffs' or 
county police departments was 1.9. 

Geographically, the highest law enforcement employee 
rates per 1,000 inhabitants were evident in the South 
Atlantic and Middle Atlantic Divisions, with 3.1 and 2.8, 
respectively. The fewest employees per 1,000 population 
were reported by the West North Central and West South 
Central Divisions, each with an average rate of 2.2. 
Sworn Personnel 

Rates based solely on sworn law enforcement personnel 
(excluding civilians) showed the national average for all 
cities was 2 officers per 1,000 inhabitants. The lowest 
average rate (1.4) was for sheriffs' or county police 
departments, while cities 250,000 or more in population 
recorded the highest rate, 2.7. Suburban law enforcement 
agencies averaged 1.7 officers per 1,000 population. 

Ninety-six percent of all sworn personnel in city 
agencies were male. In the suburban areas, males com- 
prised 94 percent of all sworn personnel; and in the rural 
counties, 90 percent. 
Civilian Employees 

Civilians represented 19 percent of all city law enforce- 
ment personnel in 1981. In suburban areas, they accounted 
for 22 percent; and in the rural counties, they comprised 
25 percent. Nationally, they represented 21 percent of the 
total law enforcement strength. 



POLICE EMPLOYEE DATA 

AVERAGE NUMBER OF POLICE DEPARTMENT EMPLOYEES, AND 
RANGE IN NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES, PER 1,000 INHABITANTS 

BY POPULATION GROUPS. 1981 



9.3 




9.3 




1 


6.4 




AV. 

a.4 




^H 


1 




5.7 






^1 




5.0 




9 






^^1 




4.5 


A.a 


9 






^^^^^^1 




Mi 




-"— ' 






m 




1^ 






ra 


s 




HHj 




M 




^^^H 


III 


liilll 




^^^^^^1 








PH 










^y^M 












ALL 
CITIES 


CITIES CITIES CITIES CITIES CITIES CITIES 

250,000 100,000 50,000 25,000 10,000 LESS 

AND TO TO TO TO THAN 

OVER 249,999 99,999 49,999 24,999 10,000 



236 



Table 67. — Full-time Law Enforcement Employees', Number and Rate per 1,000 Inhabitants, Geographic Division and Population Group, 
October 31, 1981 

[1981 estimated population] 



Geographic division 



Population Group 



249.999; 
population 
16.756,000) 



99,999; 
population 
19,717,000) 



Group IV 

(607 cities. 

25.000 to 

49.999; 

20,824,000) 



24,999; 
population 
24,725,000) 



rOTAL: 8,868 cities; population 146,946,000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 



New England: 618 cities; population 10,928,000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 

inhabitants 

Interquartile range 

Middle Atlantic: 1,810 cities; population 
29,121,000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 

inhabitants 

Interquartile range 

East North Central: 1,689 cities; population 
28,415,000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 

inhabitants 

Interquartile range 

West North Central: 704 cities; population 
10,046,000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 



Interquartile range 

South Atlantic: 1,372 cities; population 16,194,000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 

inhabitants 

Interquartile range 

E:ast South Central: 667 cities; population 6,896,000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 

inhabitants 

Interquartile range 

West South Central: 874 cities; population 
16,324,000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 

inhabitants 

Interquartile range 

Mountain: 487 cities; population 7,714,000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 

inhabitants 

Interquartile range 

Pacific: 647 cities; population 21,308,000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 

inhabitants 

Interquartile range 



24,591 

2.3 
1,6-2.3 



21,975 
2.2 



1.8-3.5 
48,266 



3.6-4.5 
28,235 



5,183 

2.2 
2.0-2.5 



1.8-2.5 
7,728 



2.2-3.1 
2,549 



1.7-2.3 

2,956 

2.4 
2.0-2.8 

6,324 



6,092 

2.3 
2.1-2.5 

7,159 

2.3 
1.7-2.7 

8,214 



1.6-1.9 

4,599 

2.9 
2.5-3.7 

419 



4.577 

2.0 
1.8-2.3 

7,924 



1.5-2.2 
7,337 



2.2-2.9 
2,317 



1.5-2.2 
2,593 



1.8-2.4 
5,605 



2.3-3.1 
2,615 



1.7-2.7 
3,955 



Suburban and County 



Suburban:^ 5,078 agencies; population 84,400,000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 inhabitants 
Interquartile range 



County: 2,809 agencies; population 70,898,000: 

Number of police employees 

Average number of employees per 1,000 
Interquartile range 



'Includes civilians. 

"Only one city this size in geographic division. 

'Includes suburban city and county law enforcement agencies 



135,320 

1.9 

.8-1.9 



: cities. Suburban cities and counties i 



I included in other i 



237 



Table 68. — Full-time Law Enforcement Officers, Number and Rate per 
October 31. 1981 

[1981 estimated population] 



[,000 Inhabitants, Geographic Division and Population Group, 



Geographic division 



Total 
(8,868 cities; 
population 
14«,94«,000) 



Popula' 



(57 cities, 
250,(XX) 



249,999; 
population 
16.756,(X)0) 



Group III 

(289 cities, 
50,0(X) to 
99,999; 

19,717.0(X)) 



49,999; 
population 
20,824,(X)0) 



Group V 
(1,578 cities. 
10,000 to 
24,999; 
population 
24.725,000) 



Average number of officers per 1,000 inhabitants 



New England: 618 cities; population 10,928,000: 

Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per 1.000 

inhabitants 

Interquartile range 

Middle Atlantic: 1,810 cities; population 29,121,01 

Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per l.CKX) 



Interquartile range 

East North Central: 1,689 cities; population 
28,415,000: 

Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per 1,(KX) 

inhabitants 

Interquartile range 

West North Central: 704 cities; population 



Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per 1,( 



Interquartile range 

South Atlantic: 1,372 cities; population 16,194,000: 

Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per 1.000 
inhabitants 

Interquartile range 

East South Central: 667 cities; population 6,896,000: 

Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per 1,0(X) 



Interquartile range 

West South Central: 874 cities; population 
16,324,000: 

Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per 1,000 



Interquartile range 

Mountain: 487 cities; population 7,714,000: 

Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per 1,000 
inhabitants 

Interquartile range 

Pacific: 647 cities; population 21,308,000: 

Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per l.OCX) 



Interquartile range 



297,324 

2.0 

1.3-2.3 



17.398 

1.7 
1.3-1.9 

39,597 

2.4 
1.9-3.1 

13,611 



1.3-2.0 
14.292 



1.5-2.6 

35.794 



111,774 

2.7 

1.8-2.8 



33.531 

3.4 
3.0-4.1 



5,276 
2.5 



3,597 

2.1 
1.9-2.3 



31,156 

1.9 

1.5-2.1 



33,371 

1.7 

1.4-2.0 



34,627 

1.7 

1.3-2.0 



1.6-2.1 
6.869 



1.4-1.8 

6.036 

2.0 
1.9-2.3 

1.947 



1.4-1.7 
1.217 



1.6-2.2 
4,620 



1.7-2.3 

1.857 

1.9 
1.7-2.2 

2.027 

1.5 
1.2-1.6 

1.906 

1.6 
1.4-1.8 

4.202 

1.4 

1.2-1.5 



1.5-1.9 
9,637 



1.3-1.8 
3.170 



1.9-2.6 
2.190 



Suburban and County 



Suburban:' 5,078 

Number of police officers . 
Average number of officers 
Interquartile range 



146.518 

1.7 

1.2-2.2 



County: 2,809 agencies; population 70,898,C 

Number of police officers 

Average number of officers per 1,(XX) 
Interquartile range 



'Only one city this size in geographic division. 

'Includes suburban city and county law enforcement agencies within 



Excludes core ( 



. are also included i 



238 



Table 69. — Law Enforcement Employees, Percent Male and Female, October 31, 1981 

[11,677 agencies; 1981 estimated population 217,844,000] 





Total 


police employees 


Polic 


e olTicers (sworn) 


Othe 


police employees 




Total 


Percent 
male 


Percent 
female 


Total 


Percent 


Percent 
female 


Total 


Percent 
male 


Percent 
female 




502,010 
366,690 


82.1 

83.7 


17.9 
16.3 


398,064 
297,324 


94.5 
95.6 


5.5 
4.4 


103,946 
69,366 


34.8 
32.7 


65.2 
67.3 


TOTAL CITIES 




Group I 






















138,386 
69,069 
36,522 
32,795 


83.6 
85.9 
82.8 
79 8 


16.4 
17^2 


111,774 
56,588 
29,351 
25,835 


94.3 
95.0 
93.8 
93.1 


5.7 
5.0 
6.2 
6.9 


26,612 
12,481 
7,171 
6,960 


39.1 
44.5 

37.7 
30.7 


60.9 
55.5 
62.3 
69.3 




(500 000 - 999 999) 


(250 000 - 499 999) 


Group II 


















4.8 


8,093 


27.9 


72.1 


Group III 
















84 








3.3 


7,912 


30.5 


69.5 


Group IV 












(25,000 • 49,999) . 


42 357 


83 9 


160 


34 627 


96 8 




7,730 


26.4 


73.6 


Group V 














(10 000 - 24 999) 


50 423 


84 6 


15 4 


41 648 






8,775 


26.8 


73.2 


Group VI 














(Under 10 000) 


54,992 

97,173 
38,147 
187,111 


84 5 


15 5 


44,748 

72,224 
28,516 
146,518 






10,244 

24,949 
9,631 
40,593 




68.5 

60.5 
62.0 
65.1 




78.1 
77.0 
81.5 


21.9 
23.0 
18.5 


91.4 
90.1 
94.4 


8.6 
9.9 
5.6 


39.5 
38.0 
34.9 









'Includes suburban cily and county law enforcement agencies within metropolitan areas. Excludes core cities. Suburban cit 
Table 70.— Civilian Law Enforcement Employees, Percent of Total, Population Group, October 31, 1981 



also included in other groups. 



Population group 


Percent 

civilian 

employees 


Population group 


Percent 


TOTAL AGENCIES 


20.7 
18.9 


Group III (50 000 to 99 999 


19 2 














Group I 


19.2 
18.1 
196 

21,2 

20.6 




(1,000.000 and over) 


Group VI (under 10 000) 


18 6 


(500 000 to 999 999) 




25 7 








Group II 

(100,000 to 249,999) 




21 7 









■Includes suburban i 



and county law enforcement agencies within metropolitan 



cities. Suburban < 



counties are also included in other i 



239 



Table 71.— Full-time Stote Police and Highway Patrol Employees, October 31, 1981 



Number of law enforcement employees 



Number of law enforcement employees 



Male Female Male Female 



Alaska 
Arizona 
Arkansas 
California 

Colorado 

Connecticut 

Delaware 

Florida 

Georgia 

Idaho 



Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts 



Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshin 
New Jersey . . 
New Mexico . 

New York .... 
North Carolina 
North Dakota 

Ohio 

Oklahoma 

Oregon 

Pennsylvania . 
Rhode Island . 
South Carolina 
South Dakota 

Tennessee 

Texas 

Utah 

Vermont 

Virginia 

Washington . . . 
West Virginia 

Wisconsin 

Wyoming 



Table 72.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities 25,000 and over in Population, October 31, 1981 



Number of law enforcement employees 



Male Female 



Number of law enforcement employees 



Auburn 
Bessemir 


73 
73 


Birmingham 


802 


Decatur 


73 


Dothan 


122 


Rorence 


77 


Gadsden 


118 


Huntsville 


307 


Mobile 


447 


Montgomery 


461 


Phenix City 


74 


Prichard 


75 


Selma 


71 


Tuscaloosa 


196 


ALASKA 




Anchora e 




ARIZONA 










76 


Glendale 


177 








2,278 
191 


Scottsdale 


Sierra Vista 


33 






Tucson 




Yuma 


95 


ARKANSAS 




El Dorado 


49 


Fayetteville 


53 


Fort Smith 


120 


4ot Springs 


79 


lacksonville 


49 


tonesboro 


47 


Jttle Rock 


364 


Morth Little Rock 


136 


'ine Bluff 


117 


West Memphis 


50 


CALIFORNIA 




Alameda 




Alhambra 


123 










Arcadia 


89 


Azusa 


55 


Bakersfield 




Baldwin Park 


77 


Bell 


46 




54 






Berkeley 


224 


Beverly Hills 


150 






Buena Park 


129 


Jurbank 


229 














Chico 


58 


Chino 


71 






Claremom 




Clovis 


62 




178 


Concord 


176 



CALIFORNIA— Continued 

Corona 
Costa Mesa 
Covma 
Culver City 
Cypress 
Daly City 

Downey 

El Cajon 

El Monte 

Escondido 

Fairfield 

Fontana 

Fountain Valley 

Fremont 

Fullerton 

Gardena 

Garden Grove 

Glendale 

Glendora 

Hawthorne 

Hayward 

Huntington Beach 

Huntington Park 

Inglewood 

La Habra 

Livermore 

Lodi 

Lompoc 

Long Beach 

Los Altos 

Los Angeles 

Los Gatos 

Manhattan Beach 

Manteca 

Menio Park 

Merced 

Milpitas 

Modesto 

Monrovia 

Montebello 

Monterey 

Monterey Park 

Mountain View 

National City 

Newark 

Newport Beach 

Novato 

Oakland 

Oceanside 

Ontario 

Orange 

Oxnard 

Palm Spnngs 

Palo Alto 

Pasadena 

Petaluma 

Pittsburg 

Placentia 

Pleasant Hill 

Plcasanlon 

Pomona 

Redding 

Redlands 

Redondo Beach 

Redwood City 

Rialto 

Richmond 

Riverside 



241 



Table 72.-Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Qties 25,000 and over in Population. October 31, 


1981— Continued 








Number of law enforcement employees 


City by State 


Number of law enforcement empl 


oyees 


City by State 


Total 


Officers 


Civilians 


Total 


Officers 


Civilians 




Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


Male 


Female 


CALIFORNIA— Continued 












CONNECnCUT-Continued 












Sacramento 
Salinas, 

San Bernardino 
San Bruno 
San Clemente 
San Dicgo 
San Francisco' 
San Gabnel 
San Jose 
San Leandro 
San Luis Obispo 
San Mateo 


688 


495 






126 


Hamden 


108 


91 




5 


9 


166 


122 






28 


Hartford 


490 


361 




48 


73 










54 




114 


89 




12 


10 


54 


45 






8 


Meriden 


108 


88 








49 


34 






11 


Middletown 


80 


71 








1,723 


1,179 






300 


Milford 


120 


105 








2,311 


1,670 








Naugatuck 


42 


40 








36 


45 






10 


New Britain 


163 


146 








1,049 


818 






175 


New Haven 


406 


358 


11 






79 




,, 


25 


Newington 


54 


41 








76 


50 




7 


19 


New London 


70 


64 








137 


104 




2 


28 


Norwalk 


180 


139 


10 


13 




San Rafael 


91 


67 




, 


19 


Norwich 


74 


63 










426 


287 






107 


Shelton 


45 


40 








Santa Barbara 
Santa Clara 


180 


120 






39 


Southington 


51 


48 








163 


136 






27 




294 


257 


10 






Santa Cruz 
Santa Mana 
Santa Monica 


86 


58 






20 


Stratford 


111 


94 








68 


48 






16 




68 


62 








238 


126 






63 


Trumbull 


67 


55 








Sania Rosa 
Seal Beach 


149 


96 






31 


Vernon 


57 


43 








55 


35 






15 


Wallingford 


73 


58 








Seaside 
Simi Valley 
South Gate 


44 


33 






6 


Waterbury 


289 


255 




10 




109 


74 






24 


West Hartford 


154 


128 








109 


86 






19 


West Haven 


108 


94 








South San Francisco 


90 


67 






15 


Westport 


88 


69 








Stockton 


358 


229 






76 


Wethersfield 


53 


41 








Sunnyvale 
Torrance 


149 


114 






27 


Windsor 


44 


34 








285 


210 






54 














Turlock 


58 


39 






13 


DELAWARE 












Tustin 


72 


45 






20 














Union City 

Upland 

VacaviUe 


69 


45 






15 


Newark 


55 


42 




3 




82 


61 






16 


Wilmington 




241 




4 


18 


69 


47 






20 














Vallejo 


119 


87 






23 


DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 












Ventura 


130 


88 






26 














Visaha 


93 


66 






17 


Washington 


4,041 


3,273 


321 


140 


307 


Walnut Creek 


94 


67 






23 














West Covina 


134 


93 






12 


FLORIDA 












Westminster 


110 


76 






30 














Whittier 


117 


86 






22 


Boca Raton 




88 


6 




20 


Woodland 


59 


43 






14 


Boynton Beach 
Bradenton 


91 
64 


77 
49 




3 


14 
10 


COLORADO 












Cape Coral 
Clearwater 


73 
235 


54 
155 


14 


2 
20 


16 
46 


Arvada 


148 


101 






37 


Coral Gables 


162 


112 


10 


5 


35 


Aurora 


358 


244 


11 


20 


83 


Coral Spnngs 


95 


62 




10 


22 


Boulder 


146 


104 






31 


Daytona Beach 


233 


155 




20 


55 


Colorado Spnngs 


493 


365 


21 


34 


73 


Deerfield Beach 


96 


77 




7 


8 


Denver 


1,641 


1,270 


84 


95 


192 


Delray Beach 


98 


75 




11 


9 


Englewood 


94 


67 






17 


Dunedin 


57 


41 




7 


7 


Fort Collins 


123 


71 






34 


Fort Lauderdale 


586 


376 


24 


46 


140 


Grand Junction 


93 


61 






26 


Fort Myers 


120 


79 




15 


22 


Greeley 


118 


71 






34 


Fort Pierce 


88 


68 




4 


12 


Lakewood 


272 


168 


21 


11 


72 


Gainesville 


229 


141 


14 


55 


19 


Littleton 


69 


50 






12 


Hallandale 


112 


89 




5 


15 


Longmont 


88 


59 






23 


Hialeah 


341 


236 


10 


40 


55 


Loveland 


54 


37 






14 


Hollywood 


421 


238 


28 


38 


117 


Northglenn 


56 


39 






11 


Jacksonville 


1,569 


924 


24 


373 


248 


Pueblo 


244 


175 




11 


54 


Lakeland 


147 


103 




13 


28 


Thornton 


85 


60 






15 


Lake Worth 


72 


53 




2 


16 


Westminster 


116 


73 






31 


Largo . 


126 


67 




19 


32 


Wheat Ridge 


69 


47 


^ 




17 


Margate 
Melbourne 


102 
107 


73 
76 




10 


23 
18 


CONNECTICUT 












Miami 


1,104 


775 


84 


81 


164 














Miami Beach 


354 


245 


23 


33 


53 


Bndgeport 


386 


349 


15 


15 


7 


Miramar 


71 


59 






11 


Bristol 


101 


90 


2 




6 


North Miami 


104 


81 




1 


16 


Danbury 


113 


101 


6 




5 


North Miami Beach 


107 


86 




4 


12 


East Hartford 


124 


105 


4 




12 


Ocala . 


104 


74 




2 


25 


East Haven Town 


53 


47 






2 


Orlando 


529 


358 


38 


46 


87 


Enfield 


93 


73 


2 




10 


Panama City 


90 


68 




2 


16 


Fairfield 


104 


98 






3 


Pembroke Pines 


84 


65 




3 


13 


Greenwich 


173 


143 


4 


13 


13 


Pensacola 


169 


126 




11 


28 


Groton Town 


52 


45 


2 




4 


Pinellas Park 


48 


38 




4 


4 



See footnote 

242 



Table 72.— Number of FuU-tiine Law Enforcement Employees, Qties 25,000 and over in Population, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Number of law enforcement 



14,667 
101 
107 



ILLINOIS— Continued 



Highland Park 

Hoffman Estates 

Joliet 

Kankakee 

Lansmg 

Lombard 

Maywood 

Molme 

Mount Prospect 

Naperville 

Niles 

Normal 

Northbrook 

North Chicago 

Oak Forest 

Oak I awn 

Oak Park 

Palatine 

Park Forest 

Park Ridge 

Pekin 

Peoria 

Quincy 

Rockford 

Rock Island 

Schaumburg 

Skokie 

SpnngfiLld 

Tinlev Park 

Urbana 

Waukegan 

Wheaton 

Wilmclte 



Anderson 

Bloommgton 

Columbus 

East Chicago 

Elkhart 

Evansville 

Fort Wayne 

Hammond 

Highland 

Indnnapolis 

Kokomo 

Lafayette 

Lawrence 

Manon 

Mernllville 

Michigan City 

Mishdwaka 

MuHLie 

New Albany 

Portagt 

Richmond 

South Bend 

Terre Haute . . 



Bettendorf 

Burlington 

Cedar Falls 

Cedar Rapids 

Clinton 

Council Bluffs 

Davenport 

Des Moines 

Dubuque 

Fort Dodge ... 



of law enforcement employees 



243 



Table 72.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities 25,000 and over in Population, October 31, 1981— Continued 



IOWA— Continued 



Iowa City 
Marshalltown 
Mason City 
Ottumwa 
Sioux City 
Waterloo 



Emporia 
Hutchinson 
Kansas City 
Lawrence 
Leavenworth 
Manhattan 
Olathe 
Overland Hark 



Salma 
Shawne 
Topeka 
Wichita 



KENTUCKY 



Ashland 

Bowling Green 

Covington 

Hopkinsville 

Lexington 

Louisville 

Owensboro 



Alexandria 

Baton Rouge 

Bossier City 

Houma 

Kenner 

Lafayette 

Lake Charles 

Monroe 

New Iberia 

New Orleans' 

Shreveport 

Slidell 

MAINE 

Lewiston 

Portland 

MARYLAND 

Annapolis 

Baltimore 

Baltimore City Sheriff 

Cumberland 

Frederick 

Hagerstown 

MASSACHUSETTS 

Agawam 

Amherst 

Andovtr 

Arlington 

Barnstable 

Belmont 

Beverly 

Billerica 



nforcement employees 



Female Male 



MASSACHUSETTS— Continued 

Braintree 

Brockton 

Brookline 

Cambridge 

Chelmsford 

Chelsea 

Chicopee 

Dedham 

Everett 

Fall River 

Fitchburg 

Framingham 

Gloucester 

Lawrence 

Leominster 

Lexington 

Lynn . .\['.ZZ\'.]]Z\ZZZ'.'.'. 

Maiden 

Marlborough 

Medford 

Melrose 

Methuen 

Milton 

Natick 

Needham 

New Bedford 

Newton 

Northampton 

Pittsfield 

Plymouth 

Q"incy 

Randolph 

Revere 

Somerville 

Springfield 

Stoughton 

Taunton 

Wakefield 

Waltham 

Watertown 

Wellesley 

Westfield 

West Springfield 

Weymouth 

Wobum 

Worcester 

MICHIGAN 

Allen Park 

Ann Arbor 

Battle Creek 

Bay City 

Bloomfield Township 

Burton 

Canton Township 

Dearborn 

Dearborn Heights 

Detroit 

East Detroit 

East Lansing 

Farmington Hills 

Femdale 

Flmt ,, 

Flint Township 

Garden City 

Grand Rapids 

Highland Park 

Holland 

Inkster 

Jackson 

Kalamazoo 



of law enforcement employees 



See footnote at end of table. 

244 



fable 72.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities 25,000 and over in Population, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Number of law enforcement employees 



Number of law enforcement employees 



MICHIGAN— Contiiiued 



Centwood 


36 


.ansmg 


343 


.incoln Park 


70 




165 


rfadison Heights 


65 


ileridun Township 


27 


Midland 


49 


^ount Morris Township 


19 


iluskegon 


73 


lak Park 


78 


ontiac 


220 


ortagc 


58 


ort Huron 


75 


ledford Township 


82 


oseMlle 


88 


oyal Oak 


103 


aginaw 


153 


aginaw Township 


32 


aint CUir Shores 


112 


helby Township 


42 


KJUthfield 


177 


outhgate 


55 


terling Heights 


219 


aylor 


93 


froy 


138 


/arren 


265 


Vateiford Township 


75 


Vest Bloomfield Township 


46 


Vestland 


100 


Vyandotte 


66 


Vyoming 


105 


MINNESOTA 




laine 


34 


loomington 


112 


rooklvn Center 


42 


rooklyn Park 


47 


urnsville 


76 


^on Rapids 


52 


;rystal 


37 


Juluth 


169 


>iina 


59 


-ridley 


42 


/lankato 


45 


ilaplewood 


48 


4inn< apohs 


809 


ilinnetonka 


49 


^oorhead 


49 


lymouth 


32 


ichfield 


52 


lochester 


115 


osev illc 


41 


aint Cloud 


64 


aint I ouis Park 


59 


aint Paul 


658 


/inona 




MISSISSIPPI 




>lumbus 


65 


jreenville 


98 




81 




124 


ascagoula 


73 


/icksburg 


63 


MISSOURI 




Jlue Springs 


37 


:ape Girardeau 


59 


;olumbia 


108 


Tonssant 


84 


Sladstone 


53 



MISSOURI— Continued 

Independence 

Jefferson City 

Joplin 

Kansas City 

Kirkwood 

Lees Summit 

Raytown 

Saint Charles 

Saint Joseph 

Saint Louis 

Springfield 

University City 

MONTANA 

Billings 

Butte— Silver Bow 

Great Falls 

Missoula 

NEBRASKA 

Grand Island 

Lincohi 

NEVADA 

Henderson 

Las Vegas Police 

Department Jurisdiction .... 

North Las Vegas 

Reno 

Sparks 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

Concord 

Manchester 

Nashua 

Portsmouth 

NEW JERSEY 

Atlantic City 

Bayonne 

Belleville 

Bergenfield 

Bloomfield 

Brick Township 

Bridgewater Township 

Camden 

Cherry Hill 

Clifton 

Dover Township 

East Brunswick Township — 

East Orange 

Edison 

Elizabeth 

Ewing Township 

Fair Lawn 

Franklin Township 

Garfield 

Gloucester Township 

Hackensack 

Hamilton 

Hoboken 

Howell Township 

Irvington 

Jackson Township 

Jersey City 

Lakewood 



245 



Table 72.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities 25,000 and over in Population, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Number of law enforcement employees 



Female Male 



Number of law enforcement employees 



NEW JERSEY— Continued 



Livingston 

Long Branch 

Manchester Township 

Middletown Township 

Millville .. 

Montclair . 

Neptune Township 

Newark . . . 

New Brunswick 

North Bergen Township 

Nutley .... 

Old Bridge 

Orange . . . 

Paramus . . 

Parsippany-Troy Hills 

Passaic .... 

Paterson . . 

Pemberton Township 

Pennsauken 

Perth Amboy 

Piscataway Township 

Plainfield . 

Rahway . . 

Ridgewood 

Sayreville 

Teaneck Township 

Trenton . . 

Union City 

Union Township 

Vineland 

Washington Township 

Wayne Township 

Westfield 

West New York 

West Orange 

Willingboro Township 

Woodbridge Township 

NEW MEXICO 

Albuquerque 

Carlsbad 

Clovis 

Farmington 

Hobbs 

Las Cruces 

Roswell 

Santa Fe 

NEW YORK 

Albany 

Amherst 

Auburn 
Binghamton 
Brighton 
Buffalo 

Chccktowaga 

Clarkstown 

Clay Town 

Colonie Town 

Elmira 

Freeport 

Gates 

Greece 

Greenburgh 

Guilderland 

Hamburg Town 

Hempstead 

Iiondequoit 

Ithaca 

Jamestown 



NEW YORK— Continued 

Long Beach 

Mount Vernon 

New Rochelle 

New York 

Niagara Falls 
North Tonawanda 
Orangetown 
Poughkeepsie 
Poughkeepsie Town 
Ramapo Town 
Rochester 
Rockville Centre 

Rotterdam 

Schenectady 

Southampton Town 

Syracuse 

Tonawanda Town 

Troy . . . 

Utica .. 

Vestal . 

Watertown 

West Seneca 

White Plains 

Yonkers 

Yorktown 

NORTH CAROLINA 

Asheville 

Burlington 

Chapel Hill 

Charlotte 

Durham 

Fayetteville 

Gastonia 

Goldsboro 

Greensboro 

Greenville 

High Point 

Kannapohs 

Kinston 

Raleigh 

Rocky Mount 

Wilmington 

Wilson 

Winston-Salem 

NORTH DAKOTA 

Bismarck 

Fargo 

Grand Forks 

Minot 

OHIO 

Akron 

Barberton 

Beavercrtek Township 

Boardman Township 

Bowling Green 

Brook Park 

Brunswick 

Canton 

Cincinnati 

Cleveland 

Cleveland Heights 

Colerain Township 

Columbus 

Cuyahoga Falls 

Dayton 

Delhi Township 

East Cleveland 



27 

1 


42 


3 
14 


13 
39 



-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities 25,000 and over in Population, October 31, 1981— Continued 



of law enforcement 



Number of law enforcement employees 



PENNSYLVANIA- 

Allentown 

Altoona 

Bensalem Township 

Bethel Park 

Bethlehem 

Bristol Township 

Cheltenham Township 

Chester 

Erie 

Falls Township 

Harrisburg 

Haverford Township 

Hazleton 

Johnstown 

Lancaster 

Lebanon 

Lower Merion Township 

Lower Paxton Township ... 

Manheim Township 

McCandless Township 

McKeesport 

Middletown Township 

Millcreek Township 

Monroeville 

Mount Lebanon 

New Castle 

Norristown 

Northampton Township 

Northern York Regional 

North Hunlmgdon Township 

Penn Hills 

Philadelphia 

Pittsburgh 

Plum 

Radnor Township 

Reading 

Ridley Township 

Ross Township 

Scranton 

Shaler Township 

Springfield Township 

State College 

Upper Darby Township 

Upper Merion Township ... 
Upper Moreland Township . . 

Warminster Township 

West Mifflin 

Wilkes-Barre 

Williamsport 

York 

RHODE ISLAND 

Cranston 

Cumberland 

East Providence 

Newport 

North Providence 

Pawtucket 

Providence 

Warwick 

West Warwick 

Woonsocket 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

Anderson 

Charleston City 

Columbia 

Florence 

Greenville 



247 



Table 72. — Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities 25,000 and over in Population, October 31, 1981 — Continued 



SOUTH CAROLINA— Cod. 

North Charleston 

Rock HUI 

Spartanburg 

Sumter 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

Aberdeen 

Rapid City 

Sioux Falls 

TEr»NESSEE 

Chattanooga 

Clarksville 

Cleveland 

Hendersonville 

Jackson 

Johnson City 

Kingsport 

Knoxville 

Memphis 

Murfreesboro 

Nashville 

Oak Ridge 

TEXAS 

Abilene 

Amarillo 

Arlington 

Austin 

Baytown 

Beaumont 

Big Spring 

Brownsville 

Carrollton 

College Station 

Corpus Christi 

Dallas 

Del Rio 

Denton 

DuncanvUle 

El Paso 

Fanners Branch 

Fort Worth 

Galveston 

Garland 

Grand Prairie 

Haltom City 

Harlingen 

Houston 

Hurst 

Irving 

Killeen 

Kingsville 

Laredo 

Lewisville 

Longview 

Lubbock 

Lufkin 

Marshall 

McAllen 

Mesquite 

Midland 

Missouri City 

Nacogdoches 

North Richland Hills 

Odessa 

Paris 

Pasadena 

Piano 

Port Arthur 



Number of law enforcement employees 



Male Female 



TEXAS— Continued 



Richardson 
San Angelo 
San Antonio 
Sherman 

Texarkana 
Texas City 
Tyler 
Victoria 
Waco 
Wichita Falls 



Bountiful 
Logan 
Murray 
Ogden 

Provo 

Salt Lake City 

West Jordan 
West Valley .. 



Alexandria 

Arlington 

Blacksburg 

Charlottesville 

Chesapeake 

Danville 

Hampton 

Lynchburg 

Newport News 

Norfolk 

Petersburg 

Portsmouth 

Richmond 

Roanoke 

Suffolk 

Virginia Beach 



WASHINGTON 



Auburn 

Bellevue 
Bellingham 

Edmonds 

Kennewick 

Longview 

Olympia 

Renton 

Richland 

Seattle 

Spokane 

Tacoma 

Vancouver 

Walla Walla 

Yakima 



WEST VIRGINIA 



Charleston 

Huntington 

Morgantown 

Parkersburg 

Weirton 

Wheeling 



Number of law enforcement employees 



Female Male 



able 72. — Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities 25,000 and over in Population, October 31, 1981 — Continued 



nforcement employees 



Number of law enforcement employees 



WISCONSIN 



pplelon 


Ill 


eloit 


83 


rookfield 


65 


au Claire 


98 


ond du Lac 


72 


reen Day 


201 


reenficld 


59 


inesville 


85 


enosha 


180 


a Crosse 


103 


adison 


369 


anitowoc 


75 


enomonce Falls 


73 


Uwaukee 


2,321 



WISCONSIN— Continued 

New Berlin 

Oshkosh 

Racme 

Sheboygan 

Superior 

Waukesha 

Wausau 

Wauwatosa 

West Allis 

WYOMING 

Casper 

Cheyenne 

Laramie 



249 



-Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981 



Total police employees 
Total Male Female 



City by State 



Total poli< 



mploye 



City by State 



ALABAMA— Con. 

Geneva 

Georgiana 

Glencoe 

Goodwater 

Gordo 

Graysville 

Greensboro 

Greenville 

Grove Hill 

Guin 

Gulf Shores 

Guntersville 

Hackleburg 

Haleyville 

Hamilton 

Hanceville 

Hartford 

Hartselle 

Hayneville 

Headland 

Heflin 

Helena 

Hokes Bluff 

Hollywood 

Homewood 

Hueytown 

Hurtsboro 

Irondale 

Jackson 

Jacksonville 

Jasper 

Jemison 

Killen 

Kimberly 

Kinsey 

Lafayette 

Lanett 

Leeds 

Leighton 

Level Plains 

Linden 

Lineville 

Lipscomb 

Littleville 

Livingston 

Luverne 

Madison 

Maplesville 

Marion 

McKenzie 

Midfield 

Midland 

MUlbrook 

Monroeville 

Montevallo 

Moody 

Moulton 

Moundville 

Mountain Brook 

Mount Vernon 

New Brockton 

New Hope 

Newton 

Northport 

Notasulga 

Oakman 

Oneonta 

Opelika 

Opp 

Owens Cross Roads . 

Oxford 

Ozark 

Parrish 



ALABAMA— Con. 

Pelham 

Pell City 

Pennington 

Phil Campbell 

Piedmont 

Pinckard 

Pleasant Grove 

Prattville 

Princeville 

Rainbow City 

Rainsville 

Red Bay 

Reform 

Riverside 

Roanoke 

Robertsdale 

Rockford 

Roosevelt City 

Russellville 

Samson 

Saraland 

Satsuma 

Scottsboro 

Sheffield 

Sipsey 

Slocomb 

Snead 

Southside 

Springville 

Stevenson 

Sulligent 

Sumiton 

Sylacauga 

Talladega 

Tallassee 

Tarrant City 

Thomaston 

Thomasville 

Thorsby 

Town Creek 

Troy 

Trussville 

Tuscurabia 

Tuskegee 

Union Springs 

Uniontown 

Valley 

Vernon 

Vestavia Hills 

Warrior 

Weaver 

West Blocton 

Weston 

Wetumpka 

Wilton 

Winfield 

York 

ALASKA 

Bethel 

Cordova 
Fairbanks 
Homer 

Kenai 

Ketchikan 

Kodiak 

North Pole 

North Slope Borough 

Palmer 

Petersburg 

Seward 

Sitka 



rable 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Total police employees 



City by Slate 



ARKANSAS— Con. 

Batesville 
Beebe 

Bentonvijle 

BerryviIIe 

Blytheville 

Booneville 

Bradford 

Brinkley 

Bryant 

Cabot 

Camden 

Carlisle 

Clarksville 

Conway 

Coinmg 

Cotter 

Crossett 

Danville 

Daidanelle 

De Queen 

De Vails Bluff 
De Witt 
Dumas 
Earle 

England 

Eudora 

Eureka Springs 

Fairfield Bay 

Farmmgton 

Fordyce 

Forrest City 

Gassville 

Gentry 

Gould 

Gravette 

Green Forest 

Greenland 

Gurdon 

Hamburg 

Hampton 

Hainsburg 

Hainson 

Ha7en 

Heber Springs 

Holly Grove 
Hope 
Horseshoe Bend 

Huntsville 
Johnson 
Judsonia 
Ken sett 
Lalie Village 
Leachville 
Lincoln 
Lonoke 

Magnolia 

Malvern 

Mananna 

Manon 

Marked Tree 

McCrory 

McGehee 

Monticello 
Mornlton 
Mountain Home 
Mountain View 
Nashville 
Newport 






Total police employees 



City by State 



ARKANSAS— Con. 

Ozark 

Paragould 

Paris 

Pea Ridge 

Piggott 

Pocahontas 

Prairie Grove 

Prescott 

Rogers 

Russellville 

Sheridan 

Sherwood 

Siloam Springs 

Smackover 

Springdale 

Stamps 

Star City 

Stephens 

Stuttgart 

Texarkana 

Van Buren 

Vilonia 

Waldron 

Walnut Ridge 

Warren 

West Fork 

West Helena 

Wynne 

Yellville 

CALIFORNIA 

Adelanto 

Albany 

Alturas 

Anderson 

Angels Camp 

Arroyo Grande 

Arvin 

Atascadero 

Atherton 

Atwater 

Auburn 

Banning 

Barstow 

Bear Valley Springs . 

Beaumont 

Belvedere 

Benicia 

Biggs 

Bishop 

Blythe 

Brawley 

Brentwood 

Brisbane 

Broadmoor 

Calexico 

California City 

Calipatria 

Calistoga 

Capitola 

Carpinteria 

Ceres 

China Lake 

Chowchilla 

Clayton 

Clearlake 

Cloverdale 

Coachella 

Coalinga 

Colfax 



Total police employees 
Male Female 



251 



Table 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Total police employees 
Total Male Female 



City by State 



Total police employees 



Male 



City by State 



CALIFORNIA— Con. 



CALIFORNIA— Con. 



Marina 

Martinez 

Marysville 

Maywood 

McFarland 

Mendota 

Millbrae 

Mill Valley 

Montague 

Montclair 

Moraga 

Morgan Hill 

Morro Bay 

Mount Shasta 

Needles 

Nevada City 

Newman 

Oakdale 

Orange Cove 

Orland 

Oroville 

Pacific Grove 

Palos Verdes Estates 

Paradise 

Parlier 

Paso Robles 

Patterson 

Ferris 

Piedmont 

Pinole 

Pismo Beach 

Placerville 

Plymouth 

Porterville 

Port Hueneme 

Red Bluff 

Reedley 

Ridgecrest 

Rio Dell 

Rio Visto 



Kipon 

Riverbank 

Rocklin 

Rohnert Park 

Roseville 

Ross 

Saint Helena 

San Anselmo 

San Carlos 

Sand City 

San Fernando 

Sanger 

San Jacinto 

San Juan Bautista . 

San Marino 

San Pablo 

Santa Paula 

Sausalito 

Scotts Valley 

Sebastopol 

Selma 

Shafter 

Sierra Madre 

Signal Hill 

Soledad 

Sonoma 

Sonora 

South Lake Tahoe 
South Pasadena .... 
Stallion Springs — 

Stanton 

Suisun City 

Susanville 

Sutter Creek 

Taft 

Tehachapi 



Tiburon 

Tulelake 

Twin Cities . 
Ukiah 

Waterford ... 
Watsonville . 

Weed 

Westmorland 
Wheatland ... 

Williams 

Willits 

Willows 

Winters 

Woodlake ... 
Yreka City .. 
Yuba City ... 



Akron 

Alamosa 

Antonito 

Aspen 

Ault 

Basalt 

Bayfield 

Berthoud 

Bow Mar 

Breckenndge 

Brighton 

Broomfield 

Brush 

Buena Visia 

Burlington 

Canon City 

Carbondale 

Castle Rock 

Cedaredge 

Center 

Central City 

Cheiry Hill 

Columbine Valley 

Commerce City 

Coriez 

Craig 

Dacono 

Delta 

Dillon 

Dinosaur 

Dolores 

Durango 

Eaton 

Edgcwdter 

Elizabeth 

Erie 

Estes Park 
Evans 

Federal Heights 

Flagler 
Fleming 
Florence 
Fori Lupton 
Fori Morgan 
Fountain 

Frederick 
Georgetown 



252 



-Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Total police employees 



Total police employees 



Total police employees 
Total Male Female 



CONNECTICUT— Con. 



Cheshire 



Coventry 

Danielson 

Danen 

Derby 

East Hampton 

East Wmdsor 



Glastonbury 

Granby 

Grolon City 

Groton Long Point 

Guilford 

Jewett City 

Madison Town 

Middltbury 

Monrot 

New Canaan 

New Milford 

Newtown 

North Branford 

North Haven 

Old Say brook 

Orange 

Plainville 

Plymouth 

Putnam 

Ridgefield Town 

Rocky Hill 

Seymour 

Simsbury 

South Windsor 

Stafford Spnngs 

Stonington 

SufTield 

Thomaston 

Waterford 

Watertown 

Weston 

Willimantic 

Wilton 

Windsor Locks 

Winsted 

Wolcott 

Woodbridge 

DELAWARE 

Bethany Beach . . . 
Clayton 

Delmar 

Elsmere 

Georgetown 

Harrington 

Lewes 
Milford 
Milton 
New Castle 

Ocean View 
Rehoboth Beach 
Seaford 
Selbyville 

Smyrna 

South Bethany 

FLORIDA 

Springs 
Altha 



FLORIDA— Coo. 

Apalachicola 
Apopka . 
Arcadia . 
Atlantic Beach 
Atlantis . 
Aubumdale 
Avon Park 
Hal Harbour 
Bartow . 

Bay Harbor Islands 
Belleair . 
Belleair Beach 
Belleair Bluffs 
Belle Glade 
Belleview 
Biscayne Park 

Bonifay . 
Bowling Green 
Bradenton Beach 
Brooksville 
Bunnell . 
Bushnell 
Calloway 
Casselberry 
Cedar Grove 
Center Hill 
Century 
Chattahoochee 
Chiefland 
Chipley . 
Clermont 
Clewiston 
Cocoa . . 
Cocoa Beach 
Coconut Creek 
Cooper City 
Crescent City 
Crestview 
Crystal River 
Dade City 

Davenport 

Davie . . . 

Daytona Beach Shores 

De Funiak Springs . . . 

De Land 

Dundee 

Dunnellon 

Eiatonville 

Edgewater 

Edgewood 

El Portal 

Femandina Beach 

Flagler Beach 

Florida City 

Fort Meade 

Fon Walton Beach .. 

Frostproof 

Fruitland Park 

Golden Beach 

Graceville 

Greenacres City 

Green Cove Springs . , 

Greenville 

Gretna 

Groveland 

Gulf Breeze 

Gulfport 

Gulf Stream 

Hacienda Village 

Haines City 

Hialeah Gardens 

Highland Beach 



Table 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



City by State 



Male 



City by State 



Total police employees 



City by State 



FLORIDA— Con. 

High Springs 

Hillsboro Beach 

Holly Hill 

Holmes Beach 

Homestead 

Howey-in-the-Hills . . . 

Indialantic 

Indian Harbour Beach 
Indian River Shores 
Indian Rocks Beach . 

Indian Shores 

Inverness 

Jacksonville Beach . . . 

Jasper 

Juno Beach 

Jupiter Inlet Colony . 

Jupiter Island 

Kenneth City 

Key West 

Kissimmee 

Lady Lake 

Lake Alfred 

Lake City 

Lake Clarke Shores .. 

Lake Hamilton 

Lake Mary 

Lake Park 

Lake Wales 

Lantana 

Lauderdale-by-the-Sea 

Leesburg 

Lighthouse Point 

Live Oak 

Longboat Key 

Longwood 

Lynn Haven 

Madeira Beach 

Madison 

Maitland 

Manalapan 

Mangonia Park 

Marianna 

Mascotte 

Medley 

Melbourne Beach 

Mexico Beach 

Miami Shores 

Miami Springs 

Milton 

Minneola 

Monticello 

Moore Haven 

Mount Dora 

Mulberry 

Neptune Beach 

New Port Richey . . . . 
New Smyrna Beach 

Niceville 

North Bay Village . . . 
North Lauderdale . . . 
North Palm Beach , . . 

North Port 

Oak Hill 

Oakland 

Oakland Park 

Ocean Ridge 

Ocoee 

Okeechobee 

Opa Locka 

Orange City 

Orange Park 

Ormond Beach 

Oviedo 

Pahokee 



FLORIDA— Con. 

Palatka 

Palm Bay 

Palm Beach 

Palm Beach Gardens . 
Palm Beach Shores . . . 

Palmetto 

Palm Springs 

Panama City Beach . . . 

Parker 

Parkland 

Plant City 

Ponce Inlet 

Port Orange 

Port Richey 

Port Saint Joe 

Port Saint Lucie 

Punta Gorda 

Quincy 

Redington Beach 

Rockledge 

Royal Palm Beach .... 

Saint Augustine 

Saint Augustine Beach 

Saint Cloud 

Saint Leo 

Saint Petersburg Beach 

Sanford 

Sanibel 

Satellite Beach 

Sea Ranch Lakes 

Sebastian 

Sebring 

South Bay 

South Daytona 

South Miami 

South Palm Beach .... 

Springfield 

Starke 

Stuart 

Surfside 

Sweetwater 

Tarpon Springs 

Tavares 

Temple Terrace 

Tequesta 

Treasure Island 

Umatilla 

Valparaiso 

Venice 

Vero Beach 

Virginia Gardens 

Waldo 

Wauchula 

Webster 

West Melbourne 

West Miami 

Wewahitchka 

Wildwood 

Williston 

Wilton Manors 

Windermere 

Winter Garden 

Winter Haven 

Winter Park 

Winter Springs 

Zephyrhills 

Zolfo Springs 

GEORGIA 

Acworth 

Adairsville 

Adel 

Alamo 



GEORGU— Con. 

Alpharetta 

Americus 

Aragon 

Ashbum 

Auburn 

Austell 

Bamesville 

Bartow 

Blackshear 

Blairsville 

Blakely 

Blue Ridge 

Boston 

Bowdon 

Bremen 

Bronwood 

Brooklet 

Broxton 

Buchanan 

Butler 

Byron 

Cairo 

Calhoun 

Camilla 

Carrollton 

Cartersville 

Cedartown 

Centerville 

Chamblee 

Chatsworth 

Clarkesville 

Clarkston 

Claxton 

Clayton 

Cochran 

Conyers 

Cordele 

Cornelia 

Covington 

Cumming 

Cuthbert 

Dallas 

Dalton 

Dawson 

Decatur 

Doerun 

Donalsonville 

Douglas 

Douglasville 

Dublin 

Duluth 

East Dublin 

Eastman 

Eiatonton 

Edison 

Elberton 

Ellaville 

Fayetteville 

Fitzgerald 

Forest Park 

Fort Gaines 

Fort Oglethorpe 

Fort Valley 

Franklin 

Gainesville 

Garden City 

Glennville 

Granlville 

Grimn 

Hampton 

Hapevilie 

Harlem 

Hartwell 



Table 73.— Number of 


Full-time Law Enforceme 


nt Employees, Cities with Populatioii under 25,000, October 31, 1981-Continued 






City by State 


Total 


police en, 


ployees 


City by State 


Total police employees 


City by State 


Total 


police employees 




Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


GEORGIA— Con. 

Hawkinsville 






14 
2 


GEORGU-Con. 

Thomasville 


42 
12 
10 
46 

2 
23 

6 

2 

7 
17 
25 

5 
15 

7 
13 
19 

3 
23 
6 
6 
14 

7 

20 
12 


32 

14 
24 

19 
11 

24 

11 

14 


10 

3 

4 

5 

3 

3 
1 

4 

2 
5 

4 

3 

3 

7 

7 
9 

9 

3 

3 

I 

3 
2 

1 
7 
7 

2 

3 

6 

2 

3 

4 


ILLINOIS 


42 

35 

10 

32 


5 
1 
1 
5 
1 

13 
31 
4 
4 
8 
12 
3 

4 
2 
1 
2 
4 
1 
32 
19 
16 

21 
9 

1 
26 
5 

39 
19 

2 
28 
10 
14 
13 
23 
27 

1 
14 
17 

4 
32 

3 
31 
28 
38 

3 

10 
13 

35 
21 
16 

1 
21 

8 

6 

9 
25 
35 

4 

3 
12 
7 
7 

2 
29 
12 

9 

25 
7 
3 
8 




Hazlehurst 


Thomson 

Thunderbolt 

Tifton 

Tignall 

Toccod 

Tunnel Hill 

Tyrone 

Unadilla 

Union City 

Vidalia 

Vienna 

Villa Rica 

Wadley 

Washington 

West Point 

White 

Whitesburg 

Winder 

Woodbury 

Woodstock 

Wrens 

IDAHO 

Aberdeen 


... 






Albers 




Hinesville 






Homerville 






Jackson 


Algonqum 


7 


lenkinsburg 




esup 




7 


fCennesaw 




Kingsland 


Andalusia 


■ 


Kingston 






Lafayette 


Antioch 


4 


La Grange 


Areola 












-avonia 








Ashland 


1 






-ilbum 






Lithonia 


J'h ^^ 






Auburn 








-oganville 




' 


.xjokout Mountain 




10 




Barnngton Hills 




3 
7 














larshallville 




5 


kIcCaysville 


Beardstown 






kIcDonough 




•lUledgeville 






3 


»!illen 


Arco 




Monroe 




Beecher 




Montezuma 


Bonners Ferry 


n^i "h*" 


^ 


»Ionticello 






2 
8 
3 


ilorrow 






Moultrie 


Caldwell 


enscnvi e 


Niashville 






Jewnan 






' 






f * ° . , 


' 


Jorman Park 


Emmett 






lakwood 






)cilla 




°"" 




almetto 




°"J " 


2 


eachtree City 


Gooding 


Breese 


elham 









embroke 


Hailey 






erry 


Homedale 


Bnghton 




ine Lake 


Jerome 


Broadview 


4 

5 
3 


lains 


Kellogg 


^"° !? 


ooler 






ort Wentworth 


Kimberly 






Lava Hot Springs 


Burr Ridge 








uitman 




' 


eidsville 




r^h k 


' 


eynolds 


Montpelier 


Cairo 


3 


ichmond Hill 


Moscow 






Mountain Home 






inggold 


New Plymouth 


anton 


2 


averdale 


Osbum 




ockmart 








ossville 






2 
9 

7 


oswell 


Post Falls 


Carol Stream 


oyston 


Preston 




utledge 






aim Marys 






' 


andersville 


Rexburg 






avannah Beach 


Rigby 


Cary 


3 


mithville 






■"y™ 






3 


nellville 


Salmon 


Catlin 


pnngfield 








one Mountain 


Shelley 




6 

4 


wainsboro 


Smelterville 




ylvania 




r-h""^^ h 


ylvester 


Sun Valley 




7 


albotton 


Wallace 




ennille 


Weiser 


Chenoa 




homaston 1 


Wilder 


Cherry Valley 


, 



Table 73.— Number of Full-time 


Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 






City by State 


Total police em 


ployees 


City by Sute 


Total police employees 


City by State 


Total 


rolice em 


ployees 




Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


ILLINOIS-Con. 

Chester 


10 

28 

44 

22 


46 

34 
35 
22 


3 
7 

3 
5 
5 

5 
5 

5 

6 

3 
5 
1 

5 

9 

3 
10 

5 
6 
11 

2 
6 

5 
13 

1 
2 

7 

2 

7 

1 
2 
1 
1 

10 
3 
5 
1 
2 

11 

1 

6 
7 
5 

3 

5 

9 


ILLINOIS— Con. 

Golf 


4 
15 
4 

3 

15 

21 

4 

5 

16 
6 
14 

22 
10 
24 
2 
4 
13 
2 
26 
16 
13 
6 
34 
32 
7 
5 
45 
12 
6 
9 
10 
27 
43 

16 

5 
2 
23 
12 
26 
2 

3 
4 
35 
26 
12 
43 
10 
5 
3 
23 

21 
9 
1 

4 
23 
1 
3 
5 
38 
32 
15 
31 
8 
37 
14 
25 


16 

1 


5 
1 

6 

7 

1 

1 
1 

2 

I 

I 

1 

7 
3 
2 

4 
7 

4 
11 

2 
4 
6 
9 

3 

2 
3 

6 
4 

3 
9 

1 

1 

8 

2 

2 

5 

8 
2 

2 
1 

11 

1 
9 


ILLINOIS— Con. 

Loves Park 


26 
8 
23 

33 
14 
2 
3 
8 

12 
17 
34 
2 
7 
8 

2 
7 
5 
3 
34 
46 
17 
30 
3 
63 
16 
3 
13 
31 
15 
1 
5 
2 
1 
3 
8 
6 
5 
26 
13 
8 
18 
7 
18 
56 
17 
3 
4 
6 
4 
8 
37 
8 
36 
17 

8 

2 
2 

9 
10 

7 
34 

24 
31 

33 

46 
16 

2 
2 
18 


22 

21 

34 
27 

29 
11 
19 

25 

24 
35 


4 


Chicago Ridge 


Grafton 






Chillicothe 
















Clarendon Hills 




Macomb 


4 


Clinton 


Cr ipw 


Madison 




Coal City 








Coal Valley 








Collinsville 


Hainsville 


Manteno 


, 


Columbia 


Hamilton 


Marengo 


, 


CoultervUle 








Country Club Hills 


Hanna City 


Markham 


6 


Countryside 




Maroa 




Crest Hill 


Hartford 


Marquette Heights 


. 








Crete 


Harwood Heights 


Marshall 


2 


Creve Coeur 


Martinsville 




Crystal Lake 


H \ r t 


Maryville 




Dallas City 








Darien 








Deerfield 








Delavan 


Herscher 


Mattoon 


g 


Depue 


Hickory Hills 


McCook 




De Soto 


Highland 


McHenry 




Dixmoor 


Highwood 


McHenry Shores 

Melrose Park 




Dixon 


Hillsboro 


. 


Dolton 






, 


Dupo 






1 


Du Quoin 


Hodgkins 


Metropolis 


2 


Durand 








Dwight 




Milan 


4 


East Alton 


H 


Milledgeville 


East Chicago Heights ... 


Huntley 


Millstadt 




East Dubuque 


Indian Head Park 

Island Lake 






East Dundee 


Minonk 




East Hazel Crest 


Itasca 


Minooka 




East Moline 








East Peoria 


Jerome 






Edwardsville 


Jerseyville 


Monee 


2 


Efilngham 




Monmouth 




Elbum 


T h ^ 






Eldorado 


Justice 


Monticello 


1 


Elmwood 


„ ., . 






Elmwood Park 








Erie 


Kildeer 


Morton 


4 


Eureka 








Evergreen Park 








Fairbury 




Mount Carroll 




Fairfield 








Fairmont City 








Fairview Heights 


Lake Bluff 


Mount Pulaski 


1 
















3 


Flora 






Flossmoor 








Forest Park 


Lake Zurich 






Forest View 




Nashville 

National City 




Fox Lake 


La Salle 




Fox River Grove 




Neoga 




Frankfort 








Franklin Park 








Fulton 


Lemont 


New Lenox 




Galena 


Lenzburg 


Newton 


> 


Galva 






Geneseo 


Lewistown 


Norridge 

North Aurora 

Northfield 

Northlake 

North Pekin 

North Riverside 

Norwood 

Oak Brook 

Oakbrook Terrace 

Oakwood 

Oakwood Hills 

O'Fallon 


5 


Geneva 


Libertyville 




Genoa 












Gibson City 




3 


Gillespie 


Lindenhurst 


9 


Oilman 












Glencoe 






Glendale Heights 


Lvndon 


5 






Glenwood 



rable 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Total police employees 



City by State 



ILLINOIS— Con. 

Shorewood 

Silvis 

Sleepy Hollow 

Smithton 

Somonauk 

South Bariington 

South Beloit 

South Chicago Height! 

South Elgin 

South Holland 

South Jacksonville ... 

South Roxana 

Sparta 

Spring Valley 

Staunton 

Steger 

Sterling 

Stickney 

Stockton 

Stone Park 

Streamwood 

Sugar Grove 

Sullivan 

Summerfield 

Summit 

Sumner 

Swansea 

Sycamore 

Tamaroa 

Tampico 

Taylorville 

Thornton 

Tilton 

Tower Lakes 

Tremont 

Trenton 

Troy 

Vandalia 

Venice 

Vermont 

Vernon Hills 

Vienna 

Villa Grove 

Villa Park 

Virden 

Wamac 

Warren 

Warrensburg 

WarrenvUle 

Warsaw 

Washington 

Washington Park 

Waterloo 

Watseka 

Wauconda 

Wayne 

Westchester 

West Chicago 

West Dundee 

Western Springs 

West Frankfort 

Westhaven 

Westmont 

WestvUle 

Wheelmg 

White Hall 

Willowbrook 

Willow Springs 

Wilmington 

Winfield 

Winnebago 

Winnetka 

Winthrop Harbor 

Witt 



Tiployees 



City by State 



ILLINOIS— Con. 

Wood Dale 

Woodridge 

Wood River 

Woodstock 

Worth 

Yates City 

Yorkville 

Zeigler 

INDIANA 

Alexandria 

Auburn 

Aurora 

Batesville 

Bedford 

Beech Grove 

Berne 

Bluffton 

Boonville 

Brazil 

Bremen 

Brownsburg 

Bums Harbor 

Cambridge City 

Carmel 

Cedar Lake 

Charlestown 

Chesterfield 

Chesterton 

Clarksville 

Connersville 

Corydon 

Crawfordsville 

Crown Point 

Culver 

Decatur 

Dunkirk 

Dyer 

Edinburg 

Elwood 

Fairmount 

Fowler 

Frankfort 

Gas City 

Goshen 

Greendale 

Greenwood 

Gnffith 

Hobart 

Huntingburg 

Huntington 

JasonviUe 

Jefferson ville 

Kendallville 

Kouts 

La Porte 

Lebanon 

Ligonier 

Linton 

Logansport 

Long Beach 

Loogootee 

Lowell 

Madison 

Martinsville 

Monticello 

Mooresville 

Munster 

Nappanee 

New Haven 

New Whiteland 

Noblesville 



Total police employees 
Total Male Female 



257 



Table 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



IOWA— Con. 

Harlan 

Hawarden 

Hiawatha 

Humboldt 

Independence 

Indianola 

Iowa Falls 

Jefferson 

Johnston 

Keokuk 

Knoxville 

Le Claire 

Le Mars 

Manchester 

Maquoketa 

Marion 

Missouri Valley .... 

Monticello 

Mount Pleasant — 

Mount Vernon 

Muscatine 

New Hampton 

Newton 

Norwalk 

Oelwein 

Orange City 

Osage 

Osceola 

Oskaloosa 

Pella 

Perry 

Pleasant Hill 

Red Oak 

Rock Rapids 

Sac City 

Sheldon 

Shenandoah 

Sioux Center 

Spencer 

Spirit Lake 

Storm Lake 

Story City 

Tipton 

Urbandale 

Washington 

Waukee 

Waukon 

Waverly 

Webster City 

West Burlington ... 
West Des Moines . 

West Union 

Windsor Heights .. 
Winterset 

KANSAS 

Abilene 

Anthony 

Arkansas City 

Arma 

Atchison 

Augusta 

Baldwin City 

Basehor 

Baxter Springs 

Belleville 

Beloit 

Bonner Springs 

Buriington 



KANSAS— Con. 





Cheney 

Cherryvale 




Clay Center 


4 


Coffeyville 


4 


Colby 


1 


Columbus 


3 


Concordia 


1 


Council Grove 


1 


Derby 


4 


Dodge City 


4 


Downs 


1 


Edwardsville 




El Dorado 


5 


Elkhart 


7 


Elhnwood 


5 


Elhs 


1 


Eudora 




Eureka 


4 


Fairway 




Fort Scott 


11 


Fredonia 




Fronlcnac 




Galena 


7 


Garden City 




Gardner 


4 


Garnelt 




Goddard 




Goodland 




Great Bend 




Hays 


5 


Haysville 


4 


Henngton 


4 


Hesston 


1 


Hiawatha 


4 


Hoisington 




Horion 




Humboldt 


3 


Independence 


1 


lola 




Junction Cit> 


5 


Kingman 


4 


Kinsley 


1 


Lansing 




Larned 


1 


Leawood 




Lenexa 


5 


Liberal 




Lyons 




Marysville 




McPherson 




Mernam 


2 


Minneapolis 


2 


Mission 




Mulvane 


4 


Neodesha 




Newton 


4 


Norton 


1 


Oakley 




Osage City 




Osawatomie 




Osborne 


3 


Ottawa 


4 


Paola 


9 


Parsons 




Peabody 


6 


Philhpsburg 


5 


Pittsburg 




Plainville 




Prairie Village 


1 


Pratt 


2 


Roeland Park 




Russell 


2 


Sabetha 


1 


Satanta 




Sedan 


3 


Seneca 



Table 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Total police employees 






City by State 



Total poli 



nployees 






City by State 



KENTUCKY— Con. 

Glasgow 

Greenup 

Greenville 

Guthrie 

Hardinsburg 

Harlan 

Harrodsburg 

Hartford 

Hazard 

Henderson 

Hickman 

Highland Heights 

Hindman 

Hodgenville 

Horse Cave 

Hustonville 

Independence 

Jackson 

Jeffersontown 

Jenkins 

La Grange 

Lakeside Park 

Leitchfield 

Lewisburg 

Livermore 

London 

Loyall 

Ludlow 

Madisonville 

Manchester 

Marion 

Martin 

Mayfield 

Maysville 

Middlesboro 

Millersburg 

Monticello 

Morehead 

Morganfield 

Morgantown 

Mount Sterling 

Mount Vernon 

Mount Washington — 

Munfordville 

Murray 

Nicholasville 

Nortonville 

Oak Grove 

Olive Hill 

Owenton 

Owingsville 

Paintsville 

Paris 

Park Hills 

Pembroke 

Pewee Valley 

Pikeville 

Pineville 

Prestonsburg 

Princeton 

Providence 

Raceland 

Radcliff 

Ravenna 

Richmond 

Russell 

Russell Springs 

Russellville 

Saint Matthews 

Salyersville 

Scottsville 

Shelby ville 

Somerset 



KENTUCKY— Con. 

Southgate 

Springfield 

Stanford 

Stanton 

Sturgis 

Taylor Mill 

Uniontown 

Vanceburg 

Vine Grove 

Walton 

Warsaw 

West Buechel 

West I iberty 

Wheelwright 

Whitesburg 

Wilder 

Williamsburg 

Wtlmore 

Winchester 

Wingo 

Wurtland 

LOUISIANA 

Abbeville 

Baker 

Baldwin 

Ball 

Bastrop 

Berwick 

Bogalusa 

Breaux Bridge 

Church Point 

Collinston 

Covington 

Crowley 

Delhi 

Denham Springs 

De Quincy 

De Ridder 

Donaldsonville 

Dubach 

Farmerville 

Ferriday 

Franklin 

Franklinton 

Golden Meadow 

Gonzales 

Haynesville 

Jeanerette 

Jena 

Jennings 

Jonesboro 

Kaplan 

Kentwood 

Kinder 

Lake Providence 

Leesville 

lx)ckport 

Loreauville 

Mamou 

Mandeville 

Mangham 

Mansfield 

Marksville 

Morgan City 

Natchitoches 

Oakdale 

Parks 

Patterson 

Pineville 

Plaquemine 



Table 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Gties with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Total police employees 



Female 



City by State 



Total police employees 



Total police employee 



MAINE— Con. 

Millinocket 

Mile 

Monmouth 

Newport 

Norridgewock 

North Berwick 

Norway 

Oakland 

Ogunquit 

Old Orchard Beach 

Old Town 

Orono 

Paris 

Pittsfield 

Presque Isle 

Richmond 

Rockland 

Rockport 

Rumford 

Sabaltus 

Saco 

Sanford 

Scarborough 

Skowhegan 

South Berwick 

South Portland 

Thomaston 

Topsham 

Van Buren 

Waldoboro 

Washburn 

Waterville 

Wells 

Westbrook 

Wilton 

Windham 

Winslow 

Winthrop 

Wiscasset 

Yarmouth 

York 

MARYLAND 

Aberdeen 

Bel Air 

Berlin 

Berwyn Heights . . . . 

Bladensburg 

Boonsboro 

Brunswick 

Cambridge 

Capitol Heights 

Centreville 

Chesapeake City .... 

Chestertown 

Cheverly 

Colmar Manor 

Cottage City 

Crisfield 

Delmar 

Denton 

District Heights . . . . 

Easton 

Edmonston 

Elkton 

Emmitsburg 

Fairmount Heights . 

Federalsburg 

Forest Heights 

Frostburg 

Fruitland 

Glenarden 

Goldsboro 

Grantsville 



MARYLAND— Con. 



Greenbelt 

Greensboro 
Hampstead 
Hancock 
Havre de Grace 
Hurlock 
Hyattsville 
Landover Hills 
La Plata 

Lonaconmg 
Luke ... 
Manchester 
Marydel 
Momingside 
Mount Rainier 
North Beach 
North East 
Oakland 
Ocean City 
Ocean Pines 
Oxford 

Pocomoke City 
Port Deposit 
Preston 
Princess Anne 
Ridgely 
Rising Sun 
Riverdale 
Rock Hall 
Saint Michaels 
Salisbury 
Smithsburg 
Snow Hill 
Sparrows Point 
Sykesville 
Takoma Park 




Table 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Total police employees 



Total police employees 



MASSACHUSETTS— 



Millbury 



MASSACHUSETTS— 



Monson 

Montague 

Monterey 

Nahant 

NantuLket 

Newbury 

Newburyport 

Norfolk 

North Adams 

North Andover 

North Attleboro 

Northboro 

North Bridge 

North Brookfield 

Northfield 

North Readmg 

Norton 

Norwell 

Oak Bluffs 

Orange 

Orleans 

Oxford 

Paxton 

Pembroke 

Peppcrell 

Phillipston 

Plamville 

Plympton 

Provincctown 

Raynham 

Readmg 

Rehoboth 

Rochester 

Rockport 

Rowley 

Salisbury 

Sandwich 

Scituate 
Seekonk 

Sheffield 

Shelburne 

Sherbom 

Shirley 

Shrewsbury 

Somerset 

Southampton 

Southboro 

Southbndge 

South Hadley 

Southwick 

Spencer 

Stockbndge 

Stoneham 

Sturbndge 

Sudbury 

Sunderland 

Sutton 

Swampscott 

Swansea 

Tisbury 

Topsfleld 

Truro 

Tyngsboro 

Walpole 

Ware 

Wareham 

Wayland 

Webster 

Welineet 



Wenham 

Westboro 

West Bridgewater 

Westford 

Westminster 

Weston 

Westport 

Westwood 

Wilbraham 

Williamstown 

Wilmington 

Winchendon 

Winchester 

Winthrop 

Worthington 

Wrentham 

Yarmouth 

MICHIGAN 

Adrian 

Albion 

Algonac 

Allegan 

Alma 

Almont 

Argentine Township 

Armada 

Atlas Township 

Auburn 

Augusta 

Bad Axe 

Bangor 

Baraga 

Barry Township 

Bath Township 

Battle Creek Township . 

Beaverton 

Bedford Township 

Belding 

Bellaire 

Belleville 

Benton Harbor 

Benton Township 

Berkley 

Berrien Springs-Oronoko 

Beverly Hills 

Big Rapids 

Birch Run 

Birmingham 

Blackman Township — 

Blissfield 

Bloomfield Hills 

Boyne City 

Breckenridge 

Bridgeport Township . . . 

Bridgman 

Brighton 

Bronson 

Brooklyn 

Brown City 

Buchanan 

Buena Vista Charter 

Township 

Burr Oak 

Byron 

Cadillac 

Calumet 

Cambridge Township , . . 

Camden 

Capac 

Carleton 

Caro 

Carsonville 



Table 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Total police employees 
Total Male 



City by Stale 



MICHIGAN— Con. 

Gobies 

Goodnch 

Grand Beach 

Grand Blanc 

Grand Blanc Township 

Grand Haven 

Grand Ledge 



s Lake 
Grayling 

Green Oak Township 
Greenville 

Grosse Isle Township 
Grosse Pointe 
Grosse Poinic Farms 
Grosse Pointe Park 
Grosse Pointe Shores 
Grosse Pointe Woods 
Hamburg Township 
Hampton Township 
Hamtramck 
Hancock 
Harbor Beach 
Harbor Springs 
Harper Woods 
Harrison 
Hart .. 
Hartford 
Hastings 
Hazel Park 
Hesperia 
Hillsdale 
Hill Township 
Holly . 

Honor 

Houghton 

Howard Township 

Howell 

Hudson 

Hudsonville 

Huntington Woods 

Huron Township 

Imlay City 

Ionia . . 

Ira Township 

Iron Mountain 

Iron River 

Ironwood 

Ishpeming 

Ithaca 

Jonesville 

Kalamazoo Township 

Kalkaska 

Keego Harbor 

Kingsford 

Laingsburg 

Lake Linden 

Lake Odessa 

Lake Onon 

Lakeview 

Lansing Township 

Lathrup Village 

Lawrence 

Lawton 

Lennon 

Leoni Township 

Leslie . 

Lexington 

Lincoln 

Litchfield 



Total police employees 



Total 



Male 






City by State 



MICHIGAN— Con. 



Lowell 

Luna Pier 

Mackinac Island 

Mackinaw City 

Mancelona 

Manchester 

Manistee 

Manistique 

Maple Grove Township 

Maple Rapids 

Marine City 

Marion 

Marlette 

Marquette 

Marshall 

Marysville 

Mattawan 

Mayville 

Melvindale 

Memphis 

Mendon 

Meridian Township 
Merrill 
Michiana 
Middleville 
Midland Township 
Mid Township 

Milford 
Millington 
Mills Township 
Minden City 
Monroe 
Montague 
Montrose 

Montrose Township 
Mount Clemens 
Mount Morns 
Mount Pleasant 
Mundy Township 
Munising 

Muskegon Heights 
Muskegon Township 
Napolean Township 
Nashville 

Newaygo 

New Baltimore 

Newberry 

New BufTalo 

New Haven 

New lothrop 

Niles . 

Niles Township 

North Muskegon 

Northville 

Northville Township 

Norton Shores 

Norway 

Novi . 

Olivet 

Onaway 

Ontonagon 

Ontwa Township 

Orchard Lake 

Oscoda-Ausable 

Township 
Otisvillc 
Otsego 
Ovid . 
Owosso 
Oxford 
Parchment 



Total polic 



262 



Table 73.— Number of FuU-tiiiie Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Total police employees 



MICHIGAN— Con. 

Paw Paw 

Peck 

Pennfield Township 

Perry 

Petoskey 

Pinckney 

Pinconning 

Pittsfield Township 

Plainwell 

Pleasant Ridge 

Plymouth 

Pontiac Township 

Port Austin 

Portland 

Port Sanilac 

Polterville 

Prairieville Township ... 

Quincy 

Reading 

Reed City 

Reese 

Richfield Township 

(Genesee County) 

Richfield Township 

(Roscommon County) 

Richland 

Richland Township 

Richmond 

River Rouge 

Riverview 

Rochester 

Rockford 

Rockwood 

Rogers City 

Romeo 

Romulus 

Roosevelt Park 

Rose City 

Ross Township 

Royal Oak Township . . . 

Saint Charles 

Saint Clair 

Saint Ignace 

Saint Johns 

Saint Joseph 

Saint Joseph Township . 
Saint Louis 

Sand Lake 

Sandusky 

Sanford 

Saugatuck 

Sault Sainte Marie 

Schoolcraft 

Scottville 

Sebewaing 

Shelby 

Shepherd 

Somerset Township 

South Haven 

South Lyon 

South Rockwood 

Sparta 

Spaulding Township 

Spring Arbor Township 

Springfield 

Spring Lake 

Stambaugh 

Standish 

Stanton 

Summit Township 

Sumpter Township 

Swartz Creek 

Sylvan Lake 

Tecumseh 



MICHIGAN— Con. 

Thomas Township .... 

Three Oaks 

Three Rivers 

Tittabawassee 

Traverse City 

Trenton 

Tuscarora Township 

Union City 

Unionville 

Utica 

Vassar 

Vernon 

Vicksburg 

Wakefield 

Walker 

Walled Lake 

Watervliet 

Wayland 

Wayne 

Webberville 

West Branch 

Whitehall 

White Lake Township 

White Pigeon 

Williamston 

Wixom 

Wolverine Lake 

Woodhaven 

Ypsilanti 

Zeeland 

Zilwaukee 

MINNESOTA 

Albert Lea 
Alexandria 
A)idovcr 

Apple Valley 
Arden Hills 

Babbitt 

Baxter 

Bayport 

Belle Plaine 

Bemidji 

Benson 

Blue Earth 

Biainerd 

Bieckenridge 

Buffalo 

Caledonia 

Cambridge 

Cannon Falls 

Champhn 

Chaska 

Chisholm 

Circle Pines-Lexington 

Cloquct 

Cold Spnng 

Columbia Heights 

Corcoran 

Cottage Grove 

Ciookslon 

Dayton 

Deephaven 

Detroit Lakes 

Dilworth 

Eagan 

East Bethel 

East Grand Forks 

Eden Praine 

Elk River 

Ely 

Eveleth 



Total police employees 



MINNESOTA— Con. 

Fairmont 

Falcon Heights 

Faribault 

Fannington 

Fergus Falls 

Forest Lake 

Gilbert 

Glencoe 

Glenwood 

Golden Valley 

Grand Rapids 

Granite Falls 

Ham Lake 

Hastings 

Hermantown 

Hibbing 

Hopkins 

Hoyt Lakes 

Hutchinson 

International Falls 

Inver Grove Heights . 

Jackson 

Jordan 

Kasson 

Kenyon 

La Crescent 

Lake City 

Lake Elmo 

Lakeville 

Lino Lakes 

Litchfield 

Little Falls 

Long Prairie 

Luverne 

Madison 

Mahtomedi 

Maple Grove 

Marshall 

Medina 

Melrose 

Mendota Heights 

Montevideo 

Montgomery 

Mora 

Morris 

Mound 

Mounds View 

New Brighton 

New Hope 

Newport 

New Prague 

New Ulm 

Northfield 

North Mankato 

North Saint Paul 

Oakdale 

Oak Park Heights 

Olivia 

Ortonville 

Owatonna 

Park Rapids 

Pipestone 

Plainview 

Princeton 

Prior Lake 

Proctor 

Ramsey 

Red Wing 

Redwood Falls 

Robbinsdale 

Rosemount 



Table 73. — Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981 — Continued 



Total police employees 
Male 



City by State 



MISSISSIPPI— Con. 

Itta Bena 

Kosciusko 

Leland 

Long Beach 

Louisville 

Lucedale 

Magee 

McComb 

Moorhead 

Moss Point 

Natchez 

Newton 

Oxford 

Pearl 

Petal 

Philadelphia 

Picayune 

Purvis 

Quitman 

Raymond 

Ridgeland 

Ripley 

Ruleville 

Senatobia 

Shaw 

Shelby 

Starkville 

Sunflower 

Tylertown 

Vaiden 

Verona 

Water Valley 

Waveland 

Waynesboro 

West Point 

Winona 

Yazoo City 

MISSOURI 

Arnold 



Bellefontame Neighbor: 

Bel-Nor 

Belton 

Berkeley 

Bolivar 

Bonne Terre 

Boonville 

Breckenridge Hills 

Brentwood 

Bridgeton 

Brook field 

Butlei 

Calverton Park 

Cameron 

Canton 

Carrolllon 

Carthage 

Chaffee 

Charldck 

Claycomo 

Clinton 

Country Club Hills 

Crestwood 

Creve Coeur 

Crystal City 

Dellwood 

De Soto 

Des Peres 

Edmundson 

Elhsville 

Eureka 



Total police employees 



MISSOURI— Con. 

Excelsior Spnngs 
Fdrmington 

Ferguson 
Feslus 
Flat River 
Frontenac 

Garden City 
Glendale 

Hanley Hills 
Hannibal 



ville 



Hazelwood 

Hillsdale 
Ironton 
Jackson 
Jennings 

Kennett 
Kirksville 

Lake Saint Louis 

Lebanon 

Liberty 

Louisana 

Macon 

Maiden 

Manchester 

Maplewood 

Marceline 

Marshall 

Maryville 

Mexico 

Moberly 

Neosho 

Newburg 

Normandy 

North Kansas City 

Northwoods 

Odessa 

O'Fallon 

Olivette 

Overland 

Pacific 

Pagedale 

Parkville 

Pevely 

Pine Lawn 

Pleasant Hill 

Poplar Bluff 

Potosi 

Republic 

Richmond 

Richmond Heights 

Riverside 

Ri\erview 

Rock Hill 

Rolla 

Sainte Genevieve 

Saint George 

Saint John 

Saint Robert 

Salem 

Savannah 

Sedaha 

Shrewsbury 

Sikeston 

Slater 

Smithville 



Table 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Total police employees 



NEBRASKA— Con. 

Genoa 

Gordon 

Gothenburg 

Hartington 

Hastings 

Holdrege 

Humboldt 

Humphrey 

Kearney 

Kimball 

Laurel 

La Vista 

Lexington 

Louisville 

Madison 

McCook 

Milford 

Minden 

Mitchell 

Nebraska City 

Norfolk 

North Platte 

Oakland 

Ogallala 

O'Neill 

Ord 

Oshkosh 

Oxford 

Petersburg 

Plainview 

Plattsmouth 

Ralston 

Red Cloud 

Schuyler 

ScottsblufT 

Scribner 

Seward 

Shelton 

Sidney 

South Sioux City 

Stanton 

Syracuse 

Tecumseh 

Tekamah 

Valentine 

Valley 

Wahoo 

Wausa 

Wayne 

Weeping Water 

West Point 

Wilber 

Wood River 

York 

NEVADA 

Boulder City 

Caliente 

Carlin 

Elko 

Fallon 

Lovelock 

Wells 

Wmnemucca 

Yerington 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

AUenstown 



Total police employees 



Alton 

Amherst 

Ashland 

Auburn 

Bedford 

Belmont 

Berlin 

Boscawen 

Bow 

Bristol 

Charlestown ... 

Claremont 

Colebrook 

Conway 

Dover 

Dublin 

Durham 

Enfield 

Epping 

Exeter 

Farmington 

Fitzwilliam 

Franklin 

Gilford 

Goffstown 

Gorham 

Hampton 

Hanover 

Haverhill 

Hillsboro 

Hinsdale 

Holdemess 

Hollis 

Hooksett 

Hopkinton 

Hudson 

Jaffrey 

Kingston 

Laconia 

Lancaster 

Lebanon 

Lee 

Lincoln 

Litchfield 

Littleton 

Londonderry ... 

Loudon 

Meredith 

Milford 

New Castle 

New Durham .. 
New Hampton . 

Newington 

New London . . 

Newmarket 

Newport 

Newton 

Northfield 

North Hampton 
Northumberland 

Pelham 

Pembroke 

Peterborough , . 

Pittsfield 

Plaistow 

Plymouth 

Raymond 

Rochester 

Rye 

Salem 



Table 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Total police employees 



Total police employees 



NEW JERSEY— Con. 

Chesilhurst 

Chester 

Chester Township 

Cinnaminson 

Township 

Clark 

Clayton 

Clementon 

Cliffside Park 

Clinton 

Clinton Township 

Closter 

Collingswood 

Cranbury Township — 
Cranford Township .... 

Cresskill 

Deal 

Delanco Township 

Delaware Township — 

Delran Township 

Demarest 

Denville Township 

Deptford Township 

Dumont 

Dunellen 

Eastampton Township . 
East Greenwich 

Township 

East Hanover 

Township 

East Newark 

East Rutherford 

East Windsor Township 

Eatontown 

Edgewater 

Edgewater Park 

Township 

Egg Harbor City 

Egg Harbor 

Township 

Elk Township 

Elmwood Park 

Emerson 

Englewood 

Englewood Cliffs 

Englishtown 

Essex Fells 

Evesham Township . . . . 

Fairfield 

Fairfield Township 

Fair Haven 

Fairview 

Fanwood 

Far Hills 

Flemington 

Florence Township . . . . 

Florham Park 

Franklin 

Franklin Lakes 

Franklin Township 

(Gloucester County) . 
Franklin Township 

(Hunterdon County) . 

Freehold 

Freehold Township 

Fr^nchtnwn 

Galloway Township 
Garwood 

Glen Ridge 
Glen Rock 
Gloucester City 



Greenwich Township 
(Gloucester County) 



NEW JERSEY— Con. 

Greenwich Township 

(Warren County) 

Guttenberg 

Hackettstown 

Haddonfield 

Haddon Heights 

Haddon Township 

Hainesport Township . . 

Haledon 

Hamburg 

Hamilton Township 

Hammonton 

Hampton 

Hanover Township 

Harding Township 

Hardyston Township . . . 

Harrington Park 

Harrison 

Harrison Township 

Harvey Cedars 

Hasbrouck Heights 

Haworth 

Hawthorne 

Hazlet Township 

Helmetta 

High Bridge 

Highland Park 

Highlands 

Hightstown 

Hillsborough 

Township 

Hillsdale 

Hillside Township 

Hi Nella 

Hohokus 

Holland Township 

Holmdel Township 

Hopatcong 

Hopewell 

Hopewell Township — 

Interlaken 

Island Heights 

Jamesburg 

Jefferson Township .... 

Keansburg 

Kenilworth 

Keyport 

Kinnelon 

Lacey Township 

Lakehurst 

Lambertville 

Laurel Springs 

Lavallette 

Lawnside 

Lawrence Township 

(Cumberland County). 
Lawrence Township 

(Mercer County) 

Lebanon Township 

Lincoln Park 

Lindenwold 

Linwood 

Little Egg Harbor 

Township 

Little Falls Township . . 

Little Ferry 

Little Silver 

Lodi 

Logan Township 

Long Beach Township 

Longport 

Lopatcong Township . . 
Lower Alloways Creek 

Township 

Lower Township 



Table 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



City by State 



City by State 



Total police employees 



Total police employees 
Total Male Female 



NEW JERSEY— Cod. 



NEW JERSEY— Con. 



NEW JERSEY— Con. 



Lumberton Township . . . 
Lyndhurst Township — 

Madison 

Magnolia 

Mahwah Township 

Manalapan Township . . . 

Manasquan 

Mansfield Township 

Mantoloking 

Mantua Township 

Manville 

Maple Shade Township 
Maplewood Township . . 

Margate City 

Marlboro 

Matawan 

May wood 

Medford Lakes 

Medford Township 

Mendham 

Mendham Township — 

Merchantville 

Metuchen 

Middlesex 

Middle Township 

Midland Park 

Milford 

Millbum Township 

Milltown 

Mine Hill Township .... 

Monmouth Beach 

Monroe Township 

(Gloucester County) . . . 
Monroe Township 

(Middlesex County) .... 
Montgomery 

Township 

Monlvale 

Montville Township 

Moonachie 

Moorestown Township . 

Morris Plains 

Morristown 

Morns Township 

Mountain Lakes 

Mountainside 

Mount Arlington 

Mount Ephraim 

Mount Holly 

Mount Laurel Township 
Mount Olive Township . 

Mullica Township 

National Park 

Neptune 

Netcong 

Newfield 

New Hanover Township 

New Milford 

New Providence 

Newton 

North Arlington 

North Brunswick 

Township 

North Caldwell 

Northfield 

North Haledon 

North Hanover 

Township 

North Plainfield 

Northvale 

North Wildwood 

Norwood 

Oakland 

Oaklyn 

Ocean City 

Ocean Gate 



Oceanport 

Ocean Township 

(Monmouth County) . 
Ocean Township 

(Ocean County) 

Ogdensburg 

Old Tappan 

Oradell 

Oxford Township 

Palisades Park 

Palmyra 

Park Ridge 

Passaic Township 

Paulsboro 

Peapack and Gladstone 

Pemberton 

Pennington 

Penns Grove 

Pennsville Township . . . 
Pequannock Township . 

Phillipsburg 

Pine Beach 

Pine Hill 

Plainsboro Township . . . 

Pleasantville 

Plumsted Township — 
Pohatcong 

lint Pleasant 

Point Pleasant Beach .. 

Pompton Lakes 

Princeton 

Princeton Township 

Prospect Park 

Ramsey 

Randolph Township . . . 

Raritan 

Raritan Township 

Readington Township .. 

Red Bank 

Ridgefield 

Ridgefield Park 

Ringwood 

Riverdale 

River Edge 

Riverside 

Riverton 

River Vale 

Rochelle Park 

Township 

Rockaway 

Rockaway Township . . . 

Roseland 

Roselle 

Roselle Park 

Roxbury Township 

Rumson 

Runnemede 

Rutherford 

Saddle Brook 

Township 

Saddle Riier 

Scotch Plains 

Sea Bright 

Sea Girt . 

Sea Isle City 

Seaside Heights 

Seaside Park 

Secaucus 

Ship Bottom 

Shrewsbury 

Somerdale 

Somers Point 

Somerville 

South Amboy 



South Belmar 

South Bound Brook 
South Brunswick 

Township 

South Hackensack 

South Harrison 

Township 

South Orange 

South Plainfield 

South River 

South Toms River .... 

Sparta Township 

Spotswood 

Springfield 

Spring Lake 

Spring Lake Heights . . 
Stafford Township . .. . 

Stanhope 

Stillwater Township . . . 

Stone Harbor 

Stratford 

Summit 

Surf City 

Sussex 

Swedesboro 

Teterboro 

Tewksbury Township 

Tinton Falls 

Totowa 

Tuckerton 

Union Beach 

Upper Deerfield 

Township 

Upper Saddle River . . 

Ventnor City 

Vernon Township 

Verona 

Voorhees Township . . . 

Waldwick 

Wallington 

Wall Township 

Wanaque 

Warren Township 

Washington 

Washington Township 

(Bergen County) . . . . 
Washington Township 

(Mercer County) . . . . 
Washington Township 

(Morris County) .... 
Washington Township 

(Warren County) . . . . 

Watchung 

Waterford Township . . 
Weehawken Township 

Wenonah 

Westampton 

West Amwell 

Township 

West Caldwell 

West Cape May 

West Deptford 

Township 

West Long Branch .... 
West Milford 

Township 

West Paterson 

Westville 

West WUdwood 

West Windsor 

Township 

Westwood 

Wharton 

Wildwood 

Wildwood Crest 



Table 73.— Number of FuU-time 


Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 






City by State 


Total police employees 


City by State 


Total police employees 


City by State 


Total police employees 




Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


NEW JERSEY-Con. 

Winfield Township 


4 
63 

28 

16 

5 

14 
7 

25 

9 
60 
30 
19 

6 
20 
10 
19 

5 

3 

3 
13 

9 
30 
22 
34 
10 
84 
34 

9 

5 
42 
38 
10 
26 

4 
10 

5 

2 
24 

4 
28 

8 
26 

6 

9 
29 
21 

4 
21 

7 

11 

24 

5 

2 
2 

10 
3 

6 

2 
1 

1 
26 
38 


4 
54 

4 
25 

3 
15 

5 
14 

6 

4 
25 

7 
49 
24 
13 

5 
15 

8 
11 

3 
2 

7 
26 

25 
5 
63 
24 
5 
2 
32 
29 
9 
22 
4 
6 
3 

16 
2 

25 
5 

20 
4 
9 

21 

16 
3 

15 
3 

6 
20 
3 

2 
2 

9 

3 
4 
6 

26 
37 


9 

3 
1 
1 

1 

11 
6 
6 

5 
2 
8 

5 
2 
4 
8 
9 
5 
21 
10 
4 
3 

10 
9 

4 

2 

8 

3 
3 
6 
2 

5 

6 

4 

5 
2 

1 
I 


NEW YORK-Con. 


15 

35 

33 
34 
33 

10 

17 
24 

16 
28 

12 
12 

37 

26 
42 

10 

37 
24 




4 

3 
3 
4 

2 

1 

1 

1 

2 
3 

1 

4 

1 
3 
3 
3 

1 

2 

3 

2 


NEW YORK-Con. 

Dobbs Ferry 


22 
3 
4 
2 
34 
58 
4 
16 
19 
42 
11 
10 
5 

13 
8 

4 
9 
14 

55 

24 
12 
6 
17 
14 
40 

5 
4 
5 
2 
16 

35 
57 
10 

5 
36 
49 
37 
20 
40 
11 
13 

6 

5 
13 

2 
13 

3 
2 
9 
5 
22 

3 

5 
77 
21 
17 
23 

2 
21 

7 

2 
4 
22 
13 
23 
15 
3 


22 

3 
3 

34 
55 

14 
18 
40 
10 
8 
4 
11 
8 

4 
9 
14 

44 
1 
22 
12 
6 
15 
13 
37 
1 
5 
4 
5 
2 
16 
1 
33 
48 
10 
4 
34 
48 
36 
16 
39 
10 
11 
6 

5 
13 
2 
13 
4 
3 
2 
8 
4 
18 

2 
2 
5 
70 
21 
17 
22 
2 
20 
5 
4 
2 
4 
21 
12 
22 
15 
3 




Winslow Township 


Angola 
Arcade 
Ardsley 
Asharoken 
Athens 
Attica 

Aurora Town- 
East Aurora 
Avoca Village 
Avon 
Bainbridge 
Baldwinsville 
Ballston Spa 
Batavia 
Bath 
Beacon 
Bedford 
Bethlehem 
Blasdell 

Blooming Grove 
Bohvar 
Boonville 
Brant 

Bnarchff Manor 
Brock port 
Bronxville 
Buchanan 
Busti 

Caledonia 
Cambridge 
Camden 
Camilius 
Canajohane 
Canandaigua 
Canastota 
Candor 
Canisteo 
Canton 
Cape Vincent 
Carthage 
Catskill 
Cattaraugus 
Cayuga Heights 
Cazenovia 
Centre Island 
Chatham 
Chester 
Chittenango 
Clayton 
Chfton Spnngs 
Clinton 
Clyde 
Cobleskill 
Cohocton 
Cohoes 
Colchester 
Cold Spnng 
Cooperstown 
Connth 
Corning 

Comwall-on-the-Hudson 
Cornwall Town 
Cortland 
Cove Neck 
Coxsackie 
Crawford 
Croton-on-Hudson 
Cuba 
Dansville 
Deer Park 
Delhi 
Depew 
Deposit 
Dewitt 






Woodbine 




. 


Woodbury 


Dundee . . 


1 


Woodbury Heights 


Dunkirk 




Woodcliff Lake 


Eastchester 


, 


Woodlynne 






Wood Ridge 


East Greenbush 


2 


Woodstown 

Woolwich 

Wyckoff 


East Hampton Village . . 
East Hampton Town ... 


1 

2 
1 








NEW MEXICO 






























Aztec 


Elmira Heights 




Bayard 


Elmsford 




Belen 






Bernalillo 






Bloomfield 


Evans 


2 


Bosque Farms 






Chama 






Cimarron 


Fallsburg 


2 














Deming 


Florida 




Dulce Tribal Police 






Espanola 






Eunice 


Frankfort 




Gallup 






Grants 






Jal 


Friendship 




Jemez Spnngs 


Fulton 


2 


Las Vegas City 






Los Alamos 


Geddes . . 




Los Lunas 




1 








Mcsilla 


Glen Cove 


I 


Milan 


Glens Falls 


1 


Moriarty 
Mountainair 


Glenville 

Gloversville 


4 
1 


Porlales 


Goshen 


1 


Questa 






Raton 


Gowanda 




Red River 
Ruidoso 


Grand View-on-Hudson 




Ruidoso Downs 
Santa Rosa 


Great Neck Estates 

Greene 




Silver City 












Springer 
Taos 


Greenport Town 




Tatum 
Truth or 


Greenwood Lake 


J 


Consequences 


Hamburg 


4 


Tucumcan 






Vaughn 




• 


Wagon Mound 


Hancock 






Hanover 




NEW YORK 






Adams 


Hastings-on-Hudson 

Haverstraw 




Addison 

Akron 

Albion 


Haverstraw Town 

Head-of-the-Harbor 

Herkimer 


1 
1 


Alden 


Highland Falls 


2 


Alexandria Bay 






Alfred 






Allegany 


Hoosick Falls 




Altamont 




1 








Belmont Village 


Hudson 


1 


Amityville 


Hudson Falls 




Amsterdam 


Hunter 





Table 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Qties with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Total police employees 



NEW YORK— Con. 



North Greenbush 
North Homell 
Northport 
North Syracuse 
North Tarrytown 
Northvillc 
Norwich 
Norwood 
Nuiida Town 
and Village 
Nyack 
Ocean Beach 

Ogdensburg 
Old Brookvillc 
Old Westbury 
Olean 



Ohve 
Oneida 
Oneonla 
Orchard Park 
Oiiskany 

Ossining Town 

Oswego 

Owego 

Oxford Town and 

Village 
Ojster Bay Cove 
Pain led Post 
Palmyra 
Pawling 
Peekskill 
Pelham Manor 
Pelham Village 
Penn Yan 
Perry 
Philmont 
Phoenn 
Piermont 
Plaltsburgh 
Pleasantviile 
Port Chester 
Port Dickinson 
Port Henry 
Port Jervis 
Portville 
Port Washington 
Potsdam 
Pulaski 

Putnam Valley 
Qucensbury 
Quogue 
Randolph 
Ravena 
Red Hook 
Rensselaer 
Rhineback 
Riverhead 
Rouses Point 
Rye 

Rye Town 
Sackctts Harbor 
Sag Harbor 
Saint Johnsville 
Salamanca 
Salem Village 
Sallaire 
Sands Point 
Saranac Lake 
Saratoga Springs 
Saugerties Town 
Saugerties Village 
Scarsdale 
Schodack 
Schoharie 



NEW YORK— Con. 

Schuylerville 

Seneca Falls 
Shelter Island 
Sherrill 
Sidney 
Silver Creek 
Skaneateles 
Sloatsburg 
Sodus Point 
Sodus Village 

Southampton Village 

South Glens Falls 

South Nyack 

Southold 

Southport 

Spring Valley 

Spnngvillc 

Stony Point 

SufTern 

Tarrytown 

liconderoga 

Trumansburg 

Tuckahoe 

T upper Lake 

Tuxedo 

Tuxedo Park 

Ulster 

Vernon 

Walden 

Walton 

Wappingers Falls 

Warsaw 

Warwick 

Warwick Town 

Washingtonville 

Waterford 

Waterloo 

Watervhet 

Watkins Glen 

Waverly 

Wayland 

Webb 

Webster 

Wellsville 

West Carthage 

Westfield 

Westhampton Beach 

Wheatland 

Whitehall 

Whitesboro 

Whitesiown 

Whitney Point 

Willsboro 

Windham 

Windsor 

Wolcott 

Woodbury 

Woodhull 

Woodridge 

Woodstock 

Vorkville 

NORTH CAROLINA 

Aberdeen 
Ahoskie 
Albemarle 
Andrews 



Archdale 
Asheboro 



Table 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



City by State 



Total police employees 



City by State 






Male Female 



City by State 



Total police employees 



NORTH CAROLINA- 



Atlantic Beach 

Aulander 

Aurora 

Ayden 

Bailey 

Bakersville 

Banner Elk 

Battleboro 

Beaufort 

Belhaven 

Belmont 

Benson 

Bessemer City 

Bethel 

Beulaville 

Biltmore Forest 

Black Creek 

Black Mountain 

Bladenboro 

Blowing Rock 

Boiling Spring Lakes 
Boiling Springs 

Boonville 

Brevard 

Brookford 

Brunswick 

Bryson City 

Burgaw 

Bumsville 

Calypso 

Candor 

Canton 

Cape Carteret 

Carolina Beach 

Carrboro 

Carthage 

Catawba 

Chadboum 

Cherokee 

Cherryville 

China Grove 

Chocowinity 

Claremont 

Clarkton 

Clayton 

Clinton 

Clyde 

Coats 

Concord 

Conover 

Conway 

ComeHus 

Cramerton 

Creedmoor 

Dallas 

Davidson 

Denton 

Dobson 

Drexel 

Dublin 

East Bend 

East Spencer 

Eden 

Edenton 

Elizabeth City 

Elizabethtown 

Elkin 

Elk Park 



NORTH CAROLINA- 



Ellerbe 

Elm City 

Elon College . . . 
Emerald Isle — 
Enfield 

Eureka 

Fair Bluff 

Fairmont 

Faison 

Farmville 

Forest City 

Fountain 

Four Oaks 

Franklin 

Franklinton 

Fremont 

Fuquay-Varina . . 

Gamer 

Garland 

Gibson 

Gibsonville 

Graham 

Granite Falls .... 
Grifton 

Hamlet 

Havelock 

Haw River 

Hazelwood 

Henderson 

Hendersonville .. 

Hertford 

Hickory 

Highlands 

High Shoals 

Hillsborough . . . . 
Holden Beach 
Holly Ridge . .. . 
Holly Springs . . . 

Hookerton 

Hope Mills 

Hudson 

Huntersville 

Indian Beach ... 

Jackson 

Jacksonville 

Jefferson 

Jonesville 

Kenansville 

Kenly 

Kemersville 

Kill Devil Hills 
Kings Mountain 

Knightdale 

Kure Beach 

La Grange 

Lake Lure 

Lake Waccamaw 

Laurinburg 

Lawndale 

Lenoir 

Lewiston 

Lexington 

Lilesville 

Lillington 

Lincolnton 

Littleton 

Locust 

Long Beach — 

Longview 

Louisburg 

Lowell 



Lumberton 

Macclesfield 

Madison 

Magnolia 

Maiden 

Manteo 

Marion 

Marshall 

Mars Hill 

Marshville 

Matthews 

Maxton 

Mayodan 

McAdenville 

Mebane 

Middlesex 

Mocksville 

Montreat 

Mooresville 

Morehead City 

Morganton 

Mount Airy 

Mount Gilead 

Mount Holly 

Mount Olive 

Murfretsboro 

Murphy 

Nags Head 

Nashville 

New Bern 

Newport 

Newton 

Newton Grove 

North Kannapolis 

North Wilkesboro 

Norwood 

Oakboro 

Ocean Isle Beach 

Oxford 

Pembroke 

Pikeville 

Pine Level 

Pilot Mountain 

Pineblufr 

Pinehurst 

Pine Knoll Shores 

Pinetops 

Pineville 

Pink Hill 

Pittsboro 

Plymouth 

Polkton 

Princeton 

Raeford 

Ramseur 

Randleman 

Red Springs 

Reidsville 

Rhodhiss 

Richlands 

Rich Square 

Roanoke Rapids 

Robbins 

Robbinsville 

Robersonville 

Rockingham 

Rolesville 

Roseboro 
Rose Hill 



270 



rable 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Total police employe 



NORTH DAKOTA 

Bowman 

Carrington 

Devils Lake 

Dickinson 

Ellendalc 

Grafton 

Hillsboro 

Jamestown 

Langdon 

Mandan 
Mayville 
Rugby 
Valley City 
Wahpeton 
Watford City 
West Fargo 
Williston 

OHIO 

Ada 

Amberley 

Amherst 

Ansonia 

Archbold 

Arlington Heights 

Ashland 

Ashtabula 

Athens 

Attica 

Aurora 

Avon Lake 

Bainbndge 

Bath Township 

Bay Village 

Bazetta Township 

Bedford 

Bedford Heights 

Bellaire 

Bellbrook 

Bellefontainc 

Bellevue 

Berea 

Bexley 

Blanchester 

Blue Ash 

Bluffton 

Bradford 

Brady Lake 

Brecksville 

Brewster 

Bridgeport 

Broadview Heights 

Brookfield Township 

Brooklyn 

Brooklyn Heights 

Brookville 

Buckland 

Bucyrus 

Cadiz 

Caledonia 

Cambridge 

Canfield 

Carey 

Carlisle 

Carrollton 

Celina 

Centerville 

Chagrin Falls 

Chardon 

Chester Township 

Cheviot 

Chilhcothe 



Total police employees 



Total poUce employees 
Total I Male 



OHIO— Con. 

Circleville 

Clear Creek Township 

Clinton Township 

Clyde 

Coldwater 

Columbiana 

Conneaut 

Copley 

Covington 

Crestline 

Deer Park 

Defiance 

Delaware 

Delta 

Dennison 

Deshler 

Doylestown 

Dublin 

Eastlake 

East Liverpool 

East Palestine 

Elmwood Place 

Englewood 

Evendale 

Fairfield Township 

Fairlawn 

Fairport Harbor 

Fairview Park 

Fayette 

Forest Park 

Fort Shawnee 

Franklin 

Fremont 

Gahanna 

Gallipolis 

Gates Mills 

Genoa 

Germantown 

German Township — 
Gibsonburg 

Glendale 

Grand Rapids 

Grandview Heights . . . 

Granville 

Greenhills 

Greenville 

Harrison 

Hartville 

Hicksville 

Highland Heights 

Hilliard 

Hillsboro 

Hinckley 

Howland Township . . . 

Hubbard 

Hubbard Township — 

Hudson 

Independence 

Indian Hill 

Ironton 

Jackson 

Jefferson 

Kenton 

Kirtland 

Lagrange 

Lakemore 

Lawrence Township .. 
Lebanon 

Lexington 

Liberty Township 



271 



Table 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities witb Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Total police employees 



Total police employees 



OHIO— Con. 

Lockland 

Logan 

Loudonville 

Loveland 

Lyndhurst 

Macedonia 

Madeira 

Madison Township (Lak( 

County) 

Madison Township 
(Montgomery County) 

Manchester 

Mariemont 

Marietta 

Martins Ferry 

Marysville 

Mason 

Maumee 

Mayfield 

Mayfield Heights 

McConnelsville 

Medina 

Mentor-on-the-Lake .... 

Miamisburg 

Miami Township 

Middteburg Heights — 

Middlefield 

Milford 

Minerva 

Minerva Park 

Mingo Junction 

Mogadore 

Montgomery 

Montpelier 

Moraine 

Mount Sterling 

Munroe Falls Village .. 

Napoleon 

New Boston 

Newburgh Heights 

Newcomerstown 

New Lebanon 

New Lexington 

New Philadelphia 

New Richmond 

Newton Falls 

Newtown 

Niles 

Northampton Township 

North Baltimore 

North Canton 

North College Hill 

North Kingsville 

North Randall 

North Ridgeville 

North Royalton 

Northwood 

Norton 

Norwalk 

Oak Harbor 

Oakwood 

Oakwood Village 

Oberlin 

Ontario 

Oregon 

Orrville 

Ottawa 

Ottawa Hills 

Oxford 

Painesville 

Parma Heights 

Paulding 

Pepper Pike 

Perrysburg 

Perry Township 



OHIO— Con. 

Piqua 

Port Clinton 

Reading 

Reynoldsburg . . — 

Richfield 

Richmond Heights 

Rittman 

Riverside 

Rossford 

Russell Township 
Saint Bernard 

Salem Township . . . 

Sebring 

Seven Hills 

Seville 

Shadyside 

Sharonville 

Sheffield Lake 

Shelby 

Silverton 

Smith Township ... 

South Russell 

Springboro 

Springdale 

Streetsboro 

Swanton 

Sylvania 

Sylvania Township 

Tallmadge 

Terrace Park 

Tiffin 

Tipp City 

Toronto 

Trenton 

Trotwood 

Twinsburg 

Uhrichsville 

Union City 

Union Township 

(Butler County) 
Union Township 

(Licking County) 
University Heights 
Upper Sandusky . . , 

Urbana 

Valley View 

Vandalia 

Van Wert 

Vermilion 

Wadsworth 

Waite Hill 

Walton Hills 

Wapakoneta 

Warrensville Height; 
Washington Court 

House 

Waterville 

Wauseon 

Waverly 

Wellington 

Wellston 

Wellsville 

West Carrollton ... 

WestervUle 

West Jefferson 

Westlake 

Weston 

West Union 

Whitehall 

Wickliffe 

Willard 



OHIO— Con. 

Willoughby 

Willoughby Hills .. 

Wilmington 

Windham 

Woodlawn 

Wooster 

Worthington 

Wyoming 

Yellow Springs .... 

OKLAHOMA 

Ada 

Afton 

Altus 

Alva 

Anadarko 

Antlers 

Ardmore 

Arkoma 

Atoka 

Bamsdall 

Beggs 

Bethany 

Bixby 

Blackwell 

Blanthard 

Bokoshe 

Bristow 

Broken Bow 

Bums Flat 

Carnegie 

Catoosa 

Chandler 

Chec otah 

Chelsea 

Cherokee 

Cheyenne 

Chickasha 

Cho< taw 

Chouteau 

Claremore 

Clayton 

Cleveland 

Clinton 

Coalgate 

Collinsville 

Comanche 

Commerce 

Coweta 

Crescent 

Cushing 

Davenport 

Davis 

Drumnght 
Duncan 
Durant 
Elk City 
Elmore City 
El Reno 
Erick 
Eufaula 

Fairview 

Forest Park 

Fort Gibson 

Fredenck 

Geary 

Glencoe 

Glenpool 

Gore 

Granite City 

Grove 

Guthne 



272 



73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Oties with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Total police employees 



Total police employees 



OKLAHOMA— Con. 



Sayre 



Shattuck 

Shidler 

Skiatook 

Snyder 

South CofTeyville 

Sperry 

Stigler 

Stilwell 

Stratford 

Sulphur 

Tahlequah 



Tecumseh . . 
Tishomingo 
Tonkawa . . . 

Tuttle 

Union City . 



Vian .. 
VUlage 



Wagoner . . . . 

Walters 

Warner 

Warr Acres . 
Watonga . . . , 

Watts 

Waurika 

Waynoka .... 
Weatherford 
Weleetka ... 
Westville ... 
Wetumka ... 

Wewoka 

Wilburton .. 

WUson 

Woodward . 
Wright City 
Wynne wood 

Wynona 

Yale 

Yukon 



Amity . . 

Ashland 
Astoria . 



Baker 

Bandon 

Banks 

Bend 

Boardman 

Brookings 

Bums 

Butte Falls 

Canby 

Cannon Beach . 
Canyonville — 

Carlton 

Central Point .. 

Clatskanie 

Coburg 

Condon 

Coos Bay 

Coquille 

Cornelius 

Cottage Grove 
Dallas 



OREGON— Con. 

Dayton 

Dundee 

Eagle Point 

Eastside 

Elgin 

Enterprise 

Florence 

Forest Grove 

Gaston 

Gearhart 

Gladstone 

Gold Beach 

Grants Pass 

Heppner 

Hermiston 

Hood River 

Hubbard 

Independence 

Jacksonville 

Jefferson 

John Day 

Junction City 

Klamath Falls 

La Grande 

Lake Oswego 

Lebanon 

Lincoln City 

Madras 

McMinnville 

Merrill 

Milton-Freewater — 

Milwaukie 

Molalla 

Monmouth 

Monroe 

Mount Angel 

Myrtle Creek 

Myrtle Point 

Newberg 

Newport 

North Bend 

North Plains 

Nyssa 

Oakland 

Oakridge 

Ontario 

Oregon City 

Pendleton 

Philomath 

Phoenix 

Pilot Rock 

Prairie City 

Prineville 

Rainier 

Redmond 

Reedsport 

Rogue River 

Roseburg 

Saint Helens 

Sandy 

Scappoose 

Shady Cove 

Sheridan 

Sherwood 

Silverion 

Sisters 

Stanfield 

Stayton 

Sutherlin 

Sweet Home 

Talent 

The Dalles 



Table 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Total police employees 



OREGON— Con. 



PENNSYLVANIA— 



Tillamook 

Toledo 

Troutdale 

Turner 

Umatilla 

Union 

Vale . 

Vemonia 

Waldport 

Warren ton 

West Lmn 



PENNSYLVANIA 

Akron 

Albion 

Aldan 

Aliquippa 

Allegheny Township 

(Blair County) 

Allegheny Township 

(Westmoreland 

County) 

Ambler 

Ambridge 

Amity Township 

Annville 

Apollo 

Archbald 

Arnold 

Ashland 

Ashley 

Aspinwall 

Aston Township 

Athens 

Athens Township 

Avalon 

Avoca 

Baldwin 

Baldwin Township 

Bally 

Bangor 

Barnesboro 

Barrett Township 

Bath 

Beaver Falls 

Bedford 

Bedminster Township . 

Bellefonte 

Belle Vernon 

Bellevue 

Bellwood 

Ben Avon 

Bentleyville 

Benzinger Township . , 

Berlin 

Berwick 

Bessemer 

Bethel Township 

Bethlehem Township . 

Big Beaver 

Birdsboro 

Birmingham Township 

Blairsville 

Blair Township 

Blakely 

Blawnox 

Bloomsburg 

Blossburg 



Boswell 

Brackenridge 

Braddock 

Braddock Hills 

Bradford 

Bradford Township , , 

Brentwood 

Bnar Creek Township 

Bridgeport 

Bndgeville 

Bridgewater 

Brighton Township 

Bristol 

Brockway 

Brookhaven 

Brookville 

Brownsville 

Bryn Athyn 

Buckingham Township 

Burgettstown 

Burnham-Derry 

Township 

Bushkill Township . , . 

Butler 

Butler Township 

(Butler County) . 
Butler Township 

(Luzerne County) . . . 
Butler Township 

(Schuylkill County) 
Caernarvon Township 

(Berks County) 

Caernarvon Township 

(Lancaster County) 

California 

Cain Township 

Cambria Township . . . 
Cambridge Springs . . 

Camp Hill 

Canonsburg 

Canton 

Carbondale 

Carlisle 

Carmichaels 

Carnegie 

Carrolltown 

Carroll Township 

Carroll-Franklin 

Townships 

Castle Shannon 

Catasauqua 

Catawissa 

Cecil Township 

Center Township 

Centerville 

Central City 

Centralia 

Chalfont 

Chambersburg 

Charleroi 

Chartiers Township , . 
Cherry Tree-Burnside 

Chester Hill 

Chester Township — 

Cheswick 

Chippewa 

Churchill 

Clairton 

Clarion 

Clark 

Clarks Summit 

Clearfield 

Cleona 

Clifton Heights 



Clinton 

Clymer 

Coaldale 

Coal Township 

Coatesville 

Cochranton 

Colebrookdale 

Township 

Collegeville 

Collier Township 

Collingdale 

Columbia 

Colwyn 

Conemaugh Township 
Conewago Township 

(Adams County) ... 
Conewago Township 

(York County) 

Conewango Township 

Confluence 

Conyngham Township 

Conyngham 

Connellsville 

Conshohocken 

Conway 

Coolbaugh Township 

Coopersburg 

Coplay 

Coraopolis 

Cornwall 

Corry 

Coudersport 

Crafton 

Cranberry Township . 
Crescent Township . . . 

Cresson 

Cressona 

Cresson Township . 

Croyle Township 

Cumberland Township 

(Adams County) . . . 
Cumberland Townsiiip 

(Greene County) ... 

Cumru Township 

Curwensville 

Dallas 

Dallastown 

Dallas Township 

Dalton 

Danville 

Darby 

Darby Township 

Daugherty Township 

Dauphin 

Dean Township 

Delaware Water Gap 

Denver 

Derry 

Derry Township 

Dickson City 

Dillsburg 

Donegal Township . . . 

Donora 

Dormont 

Douglass Township 

(Berks County) 

Douglass Township 

(Montgomery 

County) 

Downingtown 

Doylestown 

Doylestown Township 

Dravosburg 

Du Bois 

Duboistown 



able 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Oties with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 






City by State 


Total police employees 


City by State 


Total police employees 


City by State 


Total police employees 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


PENNSYLVANIA- 
Continued 

unbar 


1 

2 
1 
21 

1 
23 
8 

2 
1 

2 

1 

2 

5 

4 

2 
i 

14 

10 
4 

3 
19 

15 
9 

12 
3 

14 
3 

11 
5 
5 
5 
8 

10 
7 
6 

10 
13 
1 

1 
18 
14 

3 

3 
22 

2 

2 

1 
6 

12 

1 
3 

11 




1 

1 

1 

3 

1 
1 


PENNSYLVANIA— 
Continued 

Farrell 


11 
10 


28 

10 

10 
12 

10 
19 

10 

30 
10 
13 
10 

18 

19 
20 

17 

17 
17 

10 
17 


3 

5 

1 

1 
3 

5 
1 

5 

1 
2 

1 
1 
2 

1 

7 

1 

1 

1 

2 

1 


PENNSYLVANIA— 
Continued 

Hooversville 

Hopewell Township 

Horsham Township 


32 

29 

18 
10 

15 

21 

26 
18 

22 

11 

21 

14 

17 

17 

13 








Fawn Township 




uncansville 


3 




Ferguson Township 


"PO"' 


Hubley Township 




Findlay Township 














H t H 


. 


ast Berlin 


Ford City 


un mg on 








Independence 




Township 

ast Brady 






Forks Township 


ns ip 


. 


ast Brandywine 




Indiana Township 




Forward Township 

Foster Township 




ast Buffalo 


Irwin 


2 


Township 


Jackson Township 




Fox Chapel 




Township 

ast Conemaugh 




I 




Franconia Township .... 
Franklin (Cambria 


earine e 




ast Deer Township .... 
ast Hempfield 

Township 

ast Lampeter 

Township 

ast Lansdowne 


Jefferson Township 

Jenkins Township 

Jenkintown 




Franklin (Venango 
County) 


3 








Franklin Township 


Jessup . 










Township 


Freedom-Greenfield 


Johnson*bure 




ast McKeesport 

ast Norriton Township 














Kennedy Township 




Township 







Galeton 


Kidder Township 

Kilbuck Township 




Township 

ast Pittsburgh 






Gallitzin Township 

Geistown 




ast Rock Hill 


Kingston Township 

Kittanning 




Township 


German Township 




ast Stroudsburg 






Girard 


Knox 




asttown Township 

ast Washington 

ast Whiteland 


Glassport 






Glenolden 


u pmon 
Kutztown 


, 


Glen Rock 






Township 


Granville Township 


Lake Township 


2 
























dgewood 


Greenville 


I ^"t °^i 






















Lawrence Park 




lizabeth 


Hampden Township 

Hampton Township 

Hanover 




lizabethtown 


Lawrence Township .... 




lizabethville 


Hanover Township 

Harmar Township 

Harmony Township 

Harrison Township 


Leetsdale 




Ikland 

llsworth 


Leet Township 

Lehighton 


1 




Lehigh Township 

Lehman Township 
















Hatboro 


I h 


, 




Hatfield Township 


e s u g 




phrata Township 

tna 


I hprtv 




Hegins Township 


I ionnipr 




vans City 


Ligonier Township 




Heidelberg Township ... 
Hellam Township 






Limerick Township 








xeter Township 


Hemlock Township 

Hempfield Township .... 


Lititz 


I 


(Berks County) 






xeter Township 

(Luzerne County) 

airchance 








Logan Township 


3 


Hilhown Township 




Lower Allen Township 
Lower Alsace Township 


, 


airview Township 

allowfield Township ... 


Homer City 








Honesdale 


ower urre 





Table 73.— Number of FuU-time Law Enforcement Employees, Oties with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



City by State 



Total poli( 



nploye 



City by State 



Total police employees 



City by State 



Total police employees 
Total Male Female 



PENNSYLVANIA— 



Lower Chichester 

Township 

Lower Owynedd 

Township 

Lower Makefield 

Township 

Lower Moreland 

Township 

Lower Mount Bethel 

Township 

Lower Pottsgrove 

Township 

Lower Providence 

Township 

Lower Salford 

Township 

Lower Saucon 

Township 

Lower Southampton 

Township 

Lower Swatara 

Township 

Lower Yoder 

Township 

Luzerne 

Luzerne Township 

Lykens 

Mahanoy City 

Mahoning Township 

(Carbon County) 

Mahoning Township 

(Montour County) . . . 

Malvern 

Manchester 

Manheim 

Manor Township 

Mansfield 

Marcus Hook 

Marietta 

Marlborough Township 

Marple Township 

Mars 

Martinsburg 

Marysville 

Masontown 

Matamoras 

Mayfield 

McAdoo 

McConnellsburg 

McDonald 

McKees Rocks 

McSherrystown 

Meadville 

Mechanicsburg 

Media 

Menallen Township — 

Mercer 

Mercersburg 

Meyersdale 

Middleburg 

Middlesex Township 

(Butler County) 

Middlesex Township 

(Cumberland County) 

Middletown 

Midland 

Mifflin 

Mifflinburg 

Mifflintown 

Milford 

Millboume 

Millcreek-Richland 

Regional 

Millersburg 



PENNSYLVANIA- 



Millersville 

Millvale 

Millville 

Milton 

Minersville 

Mohnton 

Monaca 

Monessen 

Monongahela 

Montgomery 

Montgomery Township 

Montoursville 

Montrose 

Moon Township 

Moore Township ....... 

Moosic 



Morrisville 

Morton 

Moscow 

Mountaintop Regional 

Mount Carmel 

Mount Carmel 

Township 

Mount Holly Springs . 

Mount Jewett 

Mount Joy 

Mount Joy Township . 

Mount Oliver 

Mount Penn 

Mount Pleasant 

Mount Pocono 

Mount Union 

Mount Wolf 

Muhlenberg Township 

Munhall 



Murrysville 

Myerstown 

Nanticoke 

Nanty Glo 

Narberth 

Nazareth 

Nescopeck 

Neshannock Township 

Nesquehoning 

Nether Providence 

Township 

Neville Township ..... 
Newberry Township . . 

New Bethlehem 

New Brighton 

New Britain 

New Britain Township 

New Cumberland 

New Eagle 

New Freedom 

New Hanover 

Township 

New Holland 

New Hope 

New Kensington 

New Oxford 

Newport 

Newport Township , . . 
New Sewickley 

Township 

Newtown 

Newtown Township . . 
Newton Township .... 

Newville 

New Wilmington 

Northampton 

North Belle Vernon . . 

North Braddock 

North Catasauqua 



North Centre 

North Charleroi 

North Codorus 

Township 

North Cornwall-West 

Lebanon Township , 
North Coventry 

Township 

North East 

North Fayette 

Township 

North Franklin 

Township 

North Lebanon 

Township 

North Londonderry 

Township 

North Middleton 

Township 

North Strabane 

Township 

Northumberland 

North Versailles 

Township 

North Wales 

Norwegian Township . 

Norwood 

Oakdale 

Oakmont 

O'Hara Township 

Ohio Township 

Oil City 

Old Forge 

Old Lycoming 

Township 

Oley Township 

Olyphant 

Orange Township 

Orwigsburg 

Osceola Mills 

Oxford 

Palmerton 

Palmer Township 

Palmyra 

Parkesburg 

Patterson Township ... 

Patton 

Patton Township 

Pen Argyl 

Penbrook 

Penndel 

Penn Township (Butler 

County) 

Penn Township 

(Lancaster County) 
Penn Township 

(Westmoreland 

County) 

Penn Township (York 

County) 

Pequea Township 

Perkasie 

Perkiomen Township . 

Perryopolis 

Peters Township 

Philipsburg 

Phoenixville 

Pine Grove 

Pine Township 

Pittston 

Pittston Township 

Plainfield Township . . . 

Plains Township 

Pleasant Hills 



able 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Male 



City by State 



Total police employees 



Female 



City by State 



PENNSYLVANIA- 



Sharpsville 

Sheffield Township — 

Shenandoah 

Shenango Township 

(Lawrence County) 
Shenango Township 

(Mercer County) . . 

Shickshinny 

Shillington 

Shinglehouse 

Shippensburg 

Shiremanstown 

Shoemakersville 

Shrewsbury 

Silver Spring 

Township 

Sinking Spring 

Slatington 

Slippery Rock 

Smethport 

Smithfield 

Smith Township 

Snow Shoe 

Snyder Township — 
Solebury Township . . 

Somerset 

Souderton 

South Abington 

Township 

South Beaver 

South Centre 

Township 

South Coatesville 

South Connellsville . . . 
South Fayette 

Township 

South Fork 

South Greensburg — 
South Lebanon 

Township 

South Londonderry 

Township 

Southmont 

South Park Township 
South Strabane 

Township 

South Waveriy 

Southwest Greensburg 
South Whitehall 

Township 

South Williamsport . . . 

Spangler 

Spring City 

Springdale 

Springettsbury 

Township 

Springfield Township 

(Bucks County) .. 
Springfield Township 

(Montgomery 

County) 

Spring Garden 

Township 

Spring Township 

(Berks County) 

Spring Township 

(Centre County) ... 

Steelton 

Stoneboro 

Stoneycreek Township 

Stowe Township 

Siroudsburg 

Stroud Township 

Sugar Creek 

Sugarloaf Township . . 



Summit Hill 

Sunbury 

Susquehanna 

Susquehanna Township 

Swarthmore 

Swatara Township 

Swissvale 

Swoyersville 

Sykesville 

Tamaqua 

Tarentum 

Taylor 

Telford 

Temple 

Terre Hill 

Thomburg 

Throop 

Tidioute 

Tinicum Township 

Titusville 

Tobyhanna Township . 

Topton 

Towamencin Township 

Towanda 

Trafford 

Tredyffrin Township .. 

Troy 

Tullytown 

Tunkhannock 

Tunkhannock 

Township 

Turtle Creek 

Tyrone 

Union City 

Union Township 

(Washington County) 
Union Township 

(Mifflin County) .... 

Upland 

Upper Allen Township 
Upper Chichester 

Township 

Upper Dublin 

Township 

Upper Gwynedd 

Township 

Upper Makefield 

Township 

Upper Mount Bethel 

Township 

Upper Nazareth 

Township 

Upper Perkiomen 

Upper Pottsgrove 

Township 

Upper Providence 

Township (Delaware 

County) 

Upper Providence 

Township 

(Montgomery 

County) 

Upper Saint Clair 

Township 

Upper Saucon 

Township 

Upper Southhampton 

Township 

Upper Yoder Township 
Uwchlan-Upper 

Uwchlan 

Valley Township 



277 



Table 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



City by State 



Total police employees 



Female 



City by State 



Total police employees 



Total 



City by Sute 



PENNSYLVAMA- 



Vandergrift 

Vanport Township ... 
Vernon Township .... 

Verona 

Versailles 

Vintondale 

Walnutport 

Warren 

Warrington Township 
Warwick Township 

(Bucks County) . . . . 
Warwick Township 

(Lancaster County) 

Washington 

Washington Township 

(Fayette County) . . . 
Washington Township 

(Franklin County) . . 
Washington Township 

(Northhampton 

County) 

Watsontown 

Waynesboro 

Waynesburg 

Weatherly 

Wellsboro 

Wesleyville 

West Brandywine . . . . 
West Brownsville . . . . 

West Chester 

West Cocalico 

Township 

West Conshohocken . 
West Deer Township 
West Donegal 

Township 

West Earl Township . 

West Elizabeth 

West Fairview 

Westfall Township ... 

Westfield 

West Goshen 

Township 

West Grove 

West Hazleton 

West Hempfield 

Township 

West Hills Regional .. 

West Homestead 

West Lampeter 

Township 

West Lawn 

West Mahanoy 

Township 

West Manchester 

Township 

West Manheim 

Township 

West Middlesex 

West Newton 

West Norriton 

Township 

West Pittston 

West Pottsgrove 

Township 

West Reading 

West Rockhill 

Township 

Westtown Township . 

West View 

West Whiteland 

Township 

West Wyoming 

West York 

Wheatland 



SOUTH CAHOLINA- 



Whitaker 

Whitehall 

Whitehall Township — 

White Haven 

Whitemarsh Township . 

White Oak 

Whitpain Township — 
Wilkes- Barre 

Township 

Wilkinsburg 

Wilkins Township 

Williamsburg 

Willistown Township . . 

Wilmerding 

Wilson 

Windber 

Wind Gap 

Windsor 

Windsor Township 

Womelsdorf 

Wormleysburg 

Wrightsville 

Wrighttown Township . 

Wyoming 

Wyomissing 

Wyomissing Hills 

Yardley 

Yeadon 

York Springs- 

Latimore 

York Township 

Youngsville 

Youngwood 

Zelienople 

Zerbe Township 

RHODE ISLAND 

Barrington 

Bristol 

Burrillville -. 

Central Falls 

Charlestown 

East Greenwich 

Foster 

Glocester 

Hopkinton 

Jamestown 

Johnston 

Lmcoln 

Little Compton 

Middletown 

Narragansett 

New Shoreham 

North Kingstown 

North Smithfield 

Portsmouth 

Scituate 

Smithfield 

South Kingstown 

Tiverton 

Warren 

Westerly 

West Greenwich 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

Abbeville 

Aiken 

Allendale 

Andrews 

Bamberg 

Barnwell 

Batesburg 

Beaufort 



Belton 

Beimettsvilje 

Bethunt 

Bishopville 

Blacksburg 

Blackville 

Branchville 

Calhoun Falls 

Camden 

Central City 

Cheraw 

Chesnee 

Chester 

Chesterfield 

City View 

Clemson 

Clinton 

Clover 

Conway 

Cowpens 

Darlington 

Denmark 

Dillon 

Edgefield 
Estill 

Folly Beach 
Forest Acres 
Fort Mill 
Fountain Inn 
Gaffney 
Gaston 
Goose Creek 
Gray Court 
Great Falls 
Greenwood 
Greer 
Hampton 
Hanahan 
Hardeeville 
Hartsville 
Hemingway 
Holly Hill 
Honea Path 

Isle of Palms 

Johnsonville 
Johnston 
Jonesville 
Kershaw 
Lake City 

Lancaster 
Landrum 
Latta 
Laurens 

Lexington 

Liberty 

Lyman 

Manning 

Marion 

Mauldin 

McBee 

McColl 

McCormick 

Moncks Comer 

Mount Pleasant 

Mullins 

Myrtle Beach 

Newberry 

New Ellenton . 



278 



ible 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Total police employees 



Male Female 



Total police employees 



Bolivar 

Brentwood 

Bristol 

Brownsville 

Bruceton 

Camden 

Carthage 

Centerville 

Church Hill 

Clinton 

Collegedale 

Collierville 

Collin wood 



Cookeville 

Covington 

Cowan 

Crossville 

Cumberland Gap 

Dandridge 

Dayton 

Decatur 

Decherd 

Dresden 

Dyer 

Dyersburg 

East Ridge 

Elizabethton 

Elkton 

Englewood 

Enn 

Erwin 

Estill Springs 

Fairview 

Fayetteville 

Franklin 

Friendsville 

Gallatin 

Gallaway 

Gates 

Gatlinburg 

Germantown 

Gleason 

Goodlettsville 

Gordonsville 

Grand Junction 

Greene^ille 

Harriman 

Hartsville 

Henderson 

Hohenwald 

Humboldt 

Huntingdon 

Huntland 

Iron City 

Jacksboro 

Jasper 

Jefferson City 

Jonesboro 

Kenton 

Kimball 

Lafayette 

LaFollette 

Lake City 

La Vergne 

Lawrcnccburg 

Lebanon 

Lenoir City 

Lewisburg 

Livingston 
Lookout Mountain 
Loretto 
Loudon 
Manchester 



TENNESSEE— Con. 

Maryville 

Mason 

McKenzie 

McEwen 

MeMinnville 

Middleton 

Milan 

Millington 

Minor Hill 

Monteagle 

Monterey 

Morristown 

Moscow 

Mount Juliet 

Mount Pleasant 

Newbem 

Newport 

New Tazewell 

Norris 

Oliver Springs 

Paris 

Pigeon Forge 

Pikeville 

Pulaski 

Red Bank 

Red Boiling Springs . . 

Ridgley 

Ripley 

Rockwood 

Rossville 

Rutherford 

Savannah 

Scolts Hill 

Selmer 

Sevierville 

Sewanee 

Shelbyville 

Signal Mountain 

Smithville 

Smyrna 

Soddy— Daisy 

Somerville 

South Carthage 

South Fulton 

South Pittsburg 

Sparta 

Spring City 

Springfield 

Surgoinsville 

Sweetwater 

Tazewell 

Tracy City 

Trenton 

Union City 

Wartrace 

Waverly 

Westmoreland 

White House 

White Pine 

Whiteville 

Winchester 

Woodbury 

TEXAS 

Abernathy 

Addison 

Almo 

Alamo Heights 

Alice 

Allen 

Alpine 

Alvarado 



Table 73. — Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Qties with Population 



25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Total police employees 
Total Male Female 



Total police employees 



City by State 



City by State 



TEXAS— Con. 

Crystal City 

Cuero 

Daingerfield 

Dalhart 

Dayton 

Decatur 

Deer Park 

De Kalb 

Denison 

Denver City 

De Soto 

Devine 

Diboll 

Dimmitt 

Donna 

Dublin 

Dumas 

Eagle Lake 

Eagle Pass 

Eastland 

Edcouch 

Edinburg 

El Campo 

Electra 

Elgm 

El Lago 

Elsa 

Ennis 

Everman 

Falfurrias 

Farmersville 

Flower Mound 

Forest Hill 

Fort Stockton 

Fredericksburg 

Freeport 

Friendswood 

Gainesville 

Galena Park 

Gatesville 

Georgetown 

Giddings 

Gilmer 

Gladewater 

Golaid 

Gonzales 

Graham 

Granbury 

Grand Saline 

Grapevine 

Greenville 

Gregory 

Groesbeck 

Groves 

Gruver 

Gun Barrel City .... 

HallettsvUle 

Hamilton 

Hamlin 

Harker Heights 

Haskell 

Heame 

Hedwig Village 

Henderson 

Hereford 

Hewitt 

Hidalgo 

Highland Park 

Hillsboro 

Hitchcock 

Hollywood Park — 
Hondo 





Hooks 




Humble 




Huntsville 




Hutchins 




Idalou 




Ingleside 




Iowa Park 




Jacmto City 




Jacksboro 




Jacksonville 




Jamaica Beach 




Jasper 




Jefferson 




Jersey Village 




Joshua 




Karnes City 




Katy 




Kaufman 




Keene 




Keller 




Kemp 




Kennedale 




Kermit 




Kerrville 




Kilgore 




Kirby 




Kirbyville 




Kountze 




Lacy— I.dkeview 


12 


La Feria 




La Joya 




Lake Dallas 




Lake Jackson 




Lakeside 




Lake«ay Village 




Lake Worth 




La Marque 




Lamesa 




Lampasas 




Lancaster 




La Porte 




La Villa 




League City 




Leon Valley 




Levelland 




Lexington 




Liberty 




Littlefield 




Live Oak 




Livingston 




Lockhart 




Locknty 




Lone Star 




Los Fresnos 




Luling 




Madisonville 




Malakoff 




Mansfield 




Marble Falls 




Marfa 




Marlin 




Mart 




Mathis 




McGregor 




McKinncy 




Memphis 




Mercedes 




Merkel 




Mexia 




Midlothian 




Mineola 




Mineral Wells 




Mission 




Monahans 




Morgans Point Resort 



Mount Pleasant 



280 



rable 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Total police employees 



Male 



City by State 



Total police employees 






City by State 



TEXAS— Con. 

Seagraves 

Sealy 

Selma 
Seminole 
Seven Pomts 
Shallowater 
Shamrotk 

Sinton 

Smithville 

Somerville 

Sonora 

South Houston 

Southlake 

South Padre Island 

Southside Place 

Spearman 

Spring Valley 

Stafford 

Stamford 

Stephenville 

Stinnett 

SugarUnd 

Sulphur Sprmgs 

Surfside Beach 

Sweeny 

Sweetwater 

Taft 

Tatum 

Taylor 

Taylor Lake Village 

Teague 

Terrell 

Terrell Hills 

The Colony 

Tomball 

Troup 

Tulia 

Tye 

Universal City 

University Park 

Uvalde 

Valley Mills 

Van 

Vernon 

Vidor 

Village 

Wake Village 

WaUuga 

Waxdhachie 

Weatherford 

Webster 

Weslaco 

West 

West Columbia 

West Lake Hills 

West Orange 

Westover Hills 

West University Place 

Wcslworth 

Wharton 

Whitehouse 

White Oak 

Whitesboro 

White Settlement 

Wills Point 

Wilmer 

Windcrest 

Winnsboro 

Winters 

Wolfforth 



TEXAS— Con. 





Woodville 




















UTAH 


Alpine 




Brigham City 




Cedar City 




Centerville 




Clearfield 




Clinton 




Delta 




Draper 




Duchesne 




East Carbon 




Farmington 




Grantsville 




Gunnison 




Harrisville 




Heber 




Helper 




Hurricane 




Hyrum 




Kaysville 




Layton 




Lehi 




Lindon 




Manti 




Mapleton 




Midvale 




Moab 




Monticello 




Mount Pleasant 




Neph. 




North Ogden 




North Salt Lake 




Panguitch 




Park City 




Parowan 




Payson 




Pleasant Grove 




Pleasant View 




Price 




Richfield 




Riverdale 




Roosevelt 




Roy 




Saint George 








Salina 




South Jordan 












Spanish Fork 








Sunset 








Tooele 












Washington Terrace 




West Bountiful 








VERMONT 






Colchester 




Hartford 








Proctor 


1 


South Burlington 



281 



Table 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Qties with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Total police employees 



City by State 



Total polic 



VIRGINU— Con. 



Manassas ... — 
Manassas Park 

Marion 

Martinsville ... 

McKenney 

Middleburg 

Middletown ... 

Mineral 

Mount Jackson 

Narrows 

New Market .. 
Norton 



WASHINGTON- 



Onley 

Orange 

Parksley 

Pearisburg 

Pembroke 

Pennington Gap 

Pocahontas 

Poquoson 

Pound 

Pulaski 

Purcellville 

Quantico 

Radford 

Rich Creek 

Richlands 

Rocky Mount . . . 
Rural Retreat ... 
Saint Paul 

Saltville 

Shenandoah 

Smithfield 

South Boston ... 
South Hill 

Staunton 

Stephens City ... 

Strasburg 

Tappahannock . . 

Tazewell 

Victoria 

Vienna 

Warrenton 

Warsaw 

Waverly 

Waynesboro 

Weber City 

Williamsburg .... 

Winchester 

Wise 

Woodstock 

Wytheville 



WASHINGTON 

Aberdeen 

Airway Heights 

Anacortes 

Arlington 

Battle Ground 

Benton 

Black Diamond 



Bonney Lake 

Bothell 

Buckley 

Burlington ... 

Carnation 

Castle Rock . 

Centralia 

Chehalis 



6 


Chelan 


3 


Cheney 


6 


Clarksion 




Cle Elum 




Clyde Hill 




College Place 




Colvillc 




Colvillc Tnbal 




Connell 




Cosmopolis 


3 


Coulee Dam 




Dayton 




Deer Park 


1 


Des Moines 




Dupont 




East Wenatchee 




Eatorville 




Ellensburg 




Elma 


3 


Enumclaw 




Ephrata 


7 


Femdale 




Fife 




Gig Harbor 


2 


Grand Coulee 




Grandview 


4 


Harrah 




Hoquiam 




Ilwaco 




Issaquah 


14 


Kalama 




Kelso 


2 


Kirkland 


5 


Lace> 


1 


Lake Stephens 


3 


Long Beach 




Lyndcn 


11 


Lynnwood 




Marysville 


4 


McCleary 




Medina 


1 


Mercer Island 




Monroe 


5 


Montesano 


4 


Moses Lake 


5 


Mountlake Terrace 




Mount Vernon 




Normandy Park 


5 


North Bonneville 




Oak Harbor 


6 


Ocean Shores 


6 


Okanogan 


1 


Omak 




Orting 


1 


Othello 




PacifL 




Pasco 




Port Angeles 


8 


Port Orchard 


1 


Port Townsend 


7 


Prosser 


1 


Pullman 




Puyallup 




Quini y 




Raymond 


2 


Redmond 


2 


Ritzville 


5 


Rosalia 


1 


Ruston 


1 


Sedro Woolley 


2 


Selah 




Shelton 




Snohomish 


1 


Snoqualmie 


5 


Soap 1 ake 



Table 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Total police employees 



City by State 



Total poli( 



Total 



City by State 



WEST VIRGINIA- 



WEST VIRGINIA- 



Kimball 

Kingwood 

Lester 

Lewisburg 

Lumberpori 

Mabscott 

Madison 

Man 

Mannington 

Marlinton 

Marmet 

Martinsburg 

Mason 

Masontown 

Matewan 

Matoaka 

McMechen 

Meadow Biidge . 
Middleboume .... 

Mill Creek 

Milton 

Monongah 

Montgomery 

Moorefield 

Moundsville 

Mount Hope 

Mullens 

New Cumberland 

New Haven 

New Martinsville 

Nitro 

Northfork 

Nutter Fort 

Oak Hill 

Oceana 

Paden City 

Paw Paw 

Pennsboro 

Petersburg 

Philippi 

Piedmont 

Pineville 

Poca 

Point Pleasant ... 

Pratt 

Princeton 

Quinwood 

Rainelle 

Ranson 

Ravenswood 

Rhodell 

Richwood 

Ridgeley 

Ripley 

Rivesville 

Romney 

Ronceverte 

Saint Albans 

Saint Marys 

Salem 

Shepherdstown . . 

Shinnston 

Sistersville 

Smithers 

Sophia 

South Charleston 

Spencer 

Star City 

Stonewood 

Summersville 

Terra AJta 

Union 



Vienna 

War 

Wardensville 

Webster Springs 

Welch 

Wellsburg 

Weston 

Westover 

West Union 

Whitesville 

White Sulphur Springs 

Williamson 

Williamstown 

WISCONSIN 

Adams 

Algoma 

Altoona 

Antigo 

Ashland 

Baraboo 

Bayside 

Beaver Dam 

Beloit Town 

Berlm 

Black River halls 

Bloomer 

Bnllion 

Brodhead 

Brown Deer 

Burlington 

Burlington Town 

Butler 

Caledonia 

Cedarburg 

Chcnequa 

Chilton 

Chippewa Falls 

Clintonville 

Columbus 

Combined Locks 

Cuba City 

Cudahy 

Darlington 

De Forest 

Delafield 

Delavan 

Delavan Town 

De Pere 

Dodgeville 

East Troy 

East Troy Town 

Edgerton 

Elkhom 

Elm Grove 

Fvansville 

Fitchburg 

Fort Atkinson 

Fox Point 

Franklin 

Germantown 

Glendalc 

Greendale 

Grafton 

Hales Comers 

Hartford 

Hartland 

Holmen 

Honcon 

Hudson 

Jefferson 

Kaukauna 

Kewaunee 



Table 73.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Cities with Population under 25,000, October 31, 1981— Continued 



C..y by Sme \ Total police employees 

Total Male Female 



Total police employees 



Total police employees 
Total Male Female 



WISCONSIN— Con. 



WISCONSIN— Con. 

Plymouth 

Portage 

Port Washington 

Prairie du Chien 

Prescott 

Reedsburg 

Rhinelander 

Rice Lake 

Richland Center 

River Falls 

Rothschild 

Saint Francis 

Sauk Prairie 

Saukville 

Schofield 

Shawano 

Sheboygan Falls 

Shorewood 

Shorewood Hills 

South Milwaukee 

Stanley 

Stevens Point 

Stoughton 

Stoddard 

Sturgeon Bay 

Sturtevant 

Summit 

Sun Prairie 

Thiensville 

Tomah 

Tomahawk 

Twin Lakes 

Two Rivers 

Viroqua 

Washburn 

Waterloo 

Watertown 

Waunakee 

Waupun 

West Bend 

West Milwaukee 

Weston 

West Salem 

Whitefish Bay 



WISCONSIN— Con. 

Whitewater 

Williams Bay 

Wisconsin Dells 

Wisconsin Rapids 

WYOMING 

Afton 

Baggs 

BufTalo 

Cody 

Douglas 

Dubois 

Encampment 

Evanston 

Evansville 

Gillette 

Glenrock 

Green River 

Greybull 

Guernsey 

Hanna 

Jackson 

Kemmerer 

Lander 

Lovell 

Lusk 

Medicine Bow 

Mills 

Newcastle 

Pine Bluffs 

Pinedale 

Powell 

Rawlins 

Riverton 

Rock Springs 

Saratoga 

Sheridan 

Shoshoni 

Sundance 

Thayne 

Thermopolis 

Torrington 

Wamsutter 

Wheatland 

Worland 



Table 74. — Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Universities and Colleges, October 31, 1981 



University/College 



Total police employees 



University/College 



ALABAMA 

Auburn University .. 
Jacksonville Slate University 
Troy State University 
University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa 

ARIZONA 



Arizona State University .... 
Arizona Western College 
Central Arizona College 
Eastern Arizona College 
Northern Arizona Univtrsity 
Pima Community College 
University of Arizona 
Yavapai College 



University of Arkansas; 

Fayetteville 

Medical Science . . 



CALIFORNIA 

California State College: 

Bakersfield 

San Bernardino 

Stanislaus 
California State Polytechnic University 

Pomona 

San Luis Obispo 
California State University 

Chico .. 

Dominquez Hills 

Fresno . 

Fullerton 

Hayward 

Long Beach 

Los Angeles 

Nonhridge 

Sacramento 

San Diego 

San Francisco 

San Jose 
Humboldt State University 
Sonoma State University 
University of California 

Berkeley 

Irvine .. 

Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory 

Lawrence Livermore Laboratory 

Los Anjelcs 

Riverside 

San Diego 

San Francisco 

Santa Barbara 

Santa Ciuz 



COLORADO 

Adams State College 

Arapahoe Community College 

Colorado State University 

Pikes Peak Community College .. 
University of Colorado: 

Boulder 

Colorado Springs 

University of Denver 

University of Northern Colorado . 
University of Southern Colorado . 

CONNECnCUT 

Central Connecticut State College 



CONNECTICUT— Continued 

Eastern Connecticut State College 

University of Connecticut 

University of Connecticut Health Center 

FLORIDA 

Florida A & M University 
Florida Atlantic University 
Florida International University 
Florida State University 
University of Central Flonda 
University of Florida 
University of North Flonda 
University of South Flonda 
University of West Flonda 

GEORGIA 

Augusta College 

Columbus College 

Georgia College 

Georgia Southern College 

Georgia State University 

Medical College of Georgia 

University of Georgia 

Valdosta State College 

West Georgia College 

ILLINOIS 

Black Hawk College 

Chicago State University 

Eastern Illinois University 

Governors State University 

Illinois State University 

John A. Logan College 

Lake County College 

Loyola University Medical Center 

Moraine Valley Community College 

Morton College 

Northeastern Illinois University 

Northern Illinois University 

Rock Valley College 

Sangamon State University 

Southern Illinois University: 

Carbondale 

Edwardsville 

State Community College 

Thornton Community College 

Triton College 

University of Illinois: 

Chicago 

Urbana 

Waubonsee Community College 

Western Illinois University 

William Rainey Harper College 

INDIANA 

Indiana University: 

Bloomington 

Gary 

Indianapolis 

New Albany 

IOWA 

Iowa State University 

University of Iowa ' 

University of Northern Iowa 

KANSAS 
Fort Hays State College 



Table 74.— Number of FuU-time Law Enforcement Employees. Universities and Colleges, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Univereity /College 



Total police employees 



KANSAS— Continued 

Kansas State University 

Pittsburg State University 

University of Kansas 

University of Kansas, Medical Center 
Wichita State University 



KENTUCKY 

Eastern Kentucky University 
Morehead State University 
Murray State University 
Northern Kentucky University 
University of Kentucky 
Western Kentucky University 

LOUISIANA 

Louisiana State University: 

Baton Rouge 

McNeese University 

Southeastern Louisiana Univereity 

MAINE 

University of Maine, Orono 

University of Southern Maine 

MARYLAND 

Bowie State College 

Coppin State College 

Frostburg State College 
Morgan State University 
Saint Mary's College 
Salisbury State College 
Towson State University 
University of Baltimore 
University of Maryland 

Baltimore City 

Baltimore County 

College Park 

Eastern Shore 



MASSACHUSETTS 

Boston College 
Boston University 
Clark University 
Filchburg State College 
Framingham State College 
North Adams State College 
Northeastern University 
Tufts University 
University of Massachusetts 



MICHIGAN 



Central Michigan Univereity 

Delta College 

Eastern Michigan University 
Ferris State College 
Grand Valley State College 
Lansing Community College 
Michigan State Univereity 
Michigan Technological University 
Northern Michigan University 
Oakland University . 
Saginaw Valley State College 
Western Michigan University 



University of Minnesota 



Mississippi State University 

MISSOURI 

University of Missouri; 

Columbia 

Saint Louis 

Washington University 

NEBRASKA 

University of Nebraska, Lincoln 

NEVADA 

University of Nevada, Reno 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

University of New Hampshire 

NEW JERSEY 

Brookdale Community College 

Burlington County College 

Glassboro State College 

Kean College 

Middlesex County College 

Monmouth College 

Montclair State College 

Rutgers University: 

Camden 

Newark 

New Brunswick 

Stockton State College 

Trenton State College 

William Paterson College 

NEW MEXICO 

Eastern New Mexico University 

New Mexico State University 

University of New Mexico 

Western New Mexico University 

NEW YORK 

Cornell University 
Ithaca College 

Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute 
State University of New York 
Albany 

Buffalo 

Downstale Medical Center 

Maritime College 

Stony Brook 

University Plaza 

Upstate Medical Center 
State University of New York 

Agricultural and Technical College: 

Alfred 

Canton 

Cobleskill 

Delhi 

Farmingdale 

Morrisville 

State University of New York College: 

Brockport 

Buffalo 

Cortland 

Environmental Science and Forestry 



286 



Table 74. — Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Universities and Colleges, October 31, 1981 — Continued 



University/College 



Total police employees 



University/College 



Total police employees 



NEW 



Fredonia 

Geneseo 

New Paltz 

Old Westbury 

Oneonta 

Optometry 

Oswego 

Plattsburgh 



NORTH CAROLINA 

Appalachian Stale University 

East Carolina University 

North Carolina State University, Raleigh 

Pembroke State University 

University of North Carolina: 

Chapel Hill 

Charlotte 

Western Carolina University 

OHIO 

Cleveland State University 
Cuyahoga Community College 
Kent State University 
Lakeland Community College 

Miami University 

Ohio State University 
Wright State University 

OKLAHOMA 

Central State University 

Northeastern State College 

Oklahoma State University 

Putnam City Campus 

University of Oklahoma: 

Health Science Center 

Norman 

OREGON 

Oregon State University 

PENNSYLVANIA 

Bloomsburg State College 

California State College 

Cheyney State College 

Clarion State College 

East Stroudsburg State College 

Edinboro State College 

Elizabethtown College 

Indiana University of Pennsylvania 

Kutztown State College 

Lehigh University 

Lincoln University 

Lock Haven State College 

Mansfield State College 

Millersville State College 

Pennsylvania State University 

Altoona Campus 

Behrend College 

Capitol Campus 

McKeesport Campus 

Umversity Park 
Shippensburg State College 
Slippery Rock State College 
iWest Chester State College 



RHODE ISLAND 

University of Rhode Island 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

Clemson University 

University of South Carolina 

TENNESSEE 

Austin Peay State University 

East Tennessee State University 

Middle Tennessee State University 

University of Tennessee: 

Knoxville 

Martin 

Memphis 

TEXAS 

Baylor University 

Eastfield College 

East Texas State University 

El Paso Community College 

Lamar University 

Midwestern University 

North Texas Slate University 

Pan American University 

Richland College 

San Angeld Slate University 

Southern Methodist University 

Southwest Texas State University 

Stephen F. Austin Slate Umversity 

Sul Ross State University 

Texas A and 1 University 

Texas A and M University 

Texas A and M University, Galveston 

Texas Chnstian University 

Texas Slate Tech Institute 

Texas Tech Health Science Center 

Texas Tech Lnivtrsity 

Texas Woman s University 

University of Houston 

Central Campus 

Clear Lake 

Downtown Campus 
University of Texas 

Arlington 

Austin 

Dallas 

El Paso 

Galveston 

Houston 

Permian Basui 

San Antonio 

Health Science Center, San Antonio 
University of Texas Southwest 

Medical School 

UTAH 

Brigham Young University 

University of Utah 

Utah Technical College: 

Provo 

Salt Lake City 

Weber State College 

VIRGINIA 



College of William and Mary: 
Christopher Newport College 
Williamsburg . . 
George Mason University 
James Madison University 
Longwood College 
Mary Washington College 



Table 74. — Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Universities and Colleges, October 31, 1981 — Continued 



University/CoUege 


Total 


police employees 


University/College 


Total police employees 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


VIRGINIA-Continued 








WEST VIRGINIA-Coo. 








Radford University 

Thomas Nelson Community College 

University of Richmond 

University of Virginia 

Virginia Commonwealth University 

Virginia Polytechnic Institute 

WASHINGTON 

Central Washington State College 
Washington State University 


20 
12 
17 
65 

72 
38 

10 
19 


15 

8 
11 
53 
52 
32 

9 
15 


5 
4 

12 
20 

1 
4 


West Virginia State College 

West Virginia University 

WISCONSIN 

University of Wisconsin 
Eau Claire 
Green Bay 
Madison 
Milwaukee 
Oshkosh 


7 
36 

10 
93 
36 
15 


7 
33 

10 
8 
81 
30 
14 




3 

1 
2 
12 
6 

1 


WEST VIRGINIA 








Parkside 
River Falls 


11 
9 


7 
6 


3 


Concord College . 

GlenviUe State College 

Marshall University 

Potomac State College 

West Liberty State College 

West Virginia Institute of Technology 


4 
4 
32 
4 
6 
6 


4 
16 

5 
6 




Whitewater 

WYOMING 


33 
22 


19 
19 


14 






16 




1 













288 



Table 75.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Suburban Counties, October 31, 1981 



Total police employees 



1,022 
1,195 
415 



COLORADO— Con. 

El Paso 

Gilpin 

Jefferson 

Pueblo 

Teller 

Weld 

DELAWARE 

New Castle 

FLORIDA 

Alachua 

Baker 

Bay 

Bievard 

Bioward 

Clay 

Dade 

Escambia 

Hillsborough 

Lee 

Leon 

Manatee 

Manon 

Nassau 

Okaloosa 

Oi angc 

Osceola 

Palm Beach 

Pasco 

Pinellas 

Polk 

Saint Johns 

Santa Rosa 

Sarasota 

Seminole 

Volusia 

Wakulla 

GEORGIA 

Butts 

Chatham Police 

Department 

Cherokee 

Clarke Police Departme 

Clayton 

Clayton Police 

Department 

Cobb 

Cobb Police 

Department 

Columbia 

Dade 

De Kalb 

De Kalb Police 

Department 

Dougherty 

Dougherty Police 

Department 

Fayette 

Forsyth 

Fulton Police 

Department 

Henry Police 

Department 

Houston 

Jackson 

Jones 

Lee 

Madison 



Total police employees 



County by State 



GEORGIA— Con. 

Newton 

Paulding 

Richmond 

Rockdale 

Walker 

Walton 

IDAHO 

Ada 

ILLINOIS 

Champaign 

Clinton 

Cook 

Du Page 

Kane 

Kankakee 

Lake 

Macon 

Madison 

McHenry 

McLean 

Menard 

Monroe 

Rock Island 

Saint Clair 

Sangamon 

Tazewell 

Will 

Winnebago 

Woodford 

INDIANA 

Adams 

Allen 

Dearborn 

De Kalb 

Delaware 

Elkhart 

Gibson 

Hamilton 

Hancock 

Hendricks 

Howard 

Johnson 

Lake 

Manon 

Marshall 

Monroe 

Porter 

Saint Joseph 

Shelby 

Tippecanoe 

Vanderburgh 

Vermillion 

Vigo 

Wells 



Black Hawk . 

Dubuque 

Johnson 

Polk 
Pottawattamie 



Total police employees 



Table 75.-Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Suburban Counties, October 31, 1981-Continued 



LOUISIANA 



MARYLAND 



Allegany 

Anne Arundel 

Anne Arundel Police 

Department 

Baltimore 

Baltimore Police 

Department 

Carroll 



See footnote at end of table. 

290 



MARYLAND— Con. 



Cecil 

Charles 

Harford 

Howard 

Howard Police 

Department 

Montgomery 

Montgomery Police 

Department 

Prince Georges 

Prince Georges Police 

Department 

Washington 



MICHIGAN 



Total police employees 



Barry 



Berrien 

Calhoun .... 
Clinton 

Genesee . . . . 
Ingham 

Jackson 

Kalamazoo . 

Kent 

Lapeer 

Livingston . . 
Macomb . . . . 

Monroe 

Muskegon . 
Oakland ... 
Oceana .... 
Ottawa .... 
Saginaw . . . 
Saint Clair 
Shiawassee 
Van Buren 
Washtenaw 



Anoka 

Carver 

Clay 

Dakota 

Hennepm 

Olmsted 

Polk 

Ramsey 

Saint I ouis 

Scott 

Sherburne 

Steams 

Washmgton 

Wright 



DeSoto . 
Hancock 
Hinds ... 



Andrew . 
Boone . . . 
Buchanan 

Cass 

Clay 

Franklin . 
Greene . . 



406 


320 


17 


15 


66 


57 


118 


90 


80 


66 


44 


35 


29 


23 


225 


181 


643 




76 


65 


47 


39 


.M 


25 


60 


50 


370 


295 


53 


45 


19 


13 


224 


178 


145 


116 


52 


41 



MISSOURI— Con. 



Jasper 

Jefferson 

Newton 

Platte 

Ray 

Saint Charles 

Saint Louis Police 
Department 



Total police employees 



MONTANA 



Yellowstone 

NEBRASKA 



Dakota .. 
Douglas . 
Lancaster 
Sarpy .... 



NEW HAMPSHIRE 
Hillsborough 



NEW JERSEY 



Atlantic 

Atlantic Prosecutor . 

Bergen 

Bergen Police 

Department 

Bergen Prosecutor .... 

Burlington 

Burlington Prosecutor . 

Camden 

Camden Prosecutor . 

Cumberland 

Cumberland Prosecutor 

Essex 

Essen Prosecutor 

Gloucester 

Gloucester Prosecutor 
Hudson 

Hudson Police 

Department 

Hudson Prosecutor .... 

Mercer 

Mercer Prosecutor ... 

Middlesex 

Middlesex Prosecutor 

Monmouth 

Monmouth Prosecutor 

Morris 

Morris Prosecutor .... 



Passaic Prosecutor . 

Salem Prosecutor . . . . 

Somerset 

Somerset Prosecutor 
Union 



Union Prosecutor . . 

Warren 

Warren Prosecutor 



NEW MEXICO 



94 


50 


284 


240 


120 


110 


152 


100 


187 


145 


58 


22 


289 


223 


144 


89 


99 


82 


7.1 


12 


359 


308 


261 


174 


108 


95 


49 


32 


115 


89 


51 


42 


126 


61 


85 


57 


86 


46 


167 


112 


119 


62 


150 


132 


46 
1?9 


34 
85 



Table 75. — Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Suburban Counties, October 31, 1981 — Continued 



County by State | Total police employees 
Total Male Female 



County by State 



Total polii 



Female 



County by State 



NEW YORK 

Broome 

Chemung 

Dutchess 

Erie 

Herkimer 

Livingston 

Madison 

Monroe 

Montgomery 

Niagara 

Oneida 

Onondaga 

Ontario 

Orleans 

Oswego 

Putnam 

Rensselaer 

Rockland 

Saratoga 

Schenectady 

Suffolk 

Suffolk Police 

Department 

Tioga 

Warren 

Washington 

Wayne 

Westchester 

NORTH CAROLINA 

Alamance 

Alexander 

Brunswick 

Buncombe 

Cabarrus 

Catawba 

Cumberland 

Currituck 

Davidson 

Durham 

Forsyth 

Guilford 

Madison 

Mecklenburg 

New Hanover 

Onslow 

Randolph 

Rowan 

Stokes 

Wake 

Yadkin 

NORTH DAKOTA 

Burleigh 

Grand Forks 

Morton 

OHIO 

Allen 

Auglaize 

Butler 

Carroll 

Champaign 

Clark 

Clermont 

Cuyahoga 



OHIO— Con. 

Delaware 
Franklin 

Geauga 

Hamilton 
Jefferson 
Lake 
Lawrence 

Lucas 

Madison 

Mahoning 

Medina 

Montgomtry 

Ottawa 

Pickaway 

Preble 
Putnam 
Richland 
Trumbull 

Washington 

Wood 

OKLAHOMA 

Canadian 

Cleveland 

Comanche 

Creek 

Le Flore 

McClain 

Oklahoma 

Osage 

Pottawatomie 

Rogers 

Sequoyah 

Tulsa 

Wagoner 

OREGON 

Clackamas 

Jackson 

Lane 

Manon 

Multnomah 

Polk 

Washington 

PENNSYLVANIA 

Allegheny 

Allegheny Police 
Department 

Blair 

Carbon 

Centre 

Cumberland 

Montgomery 

Montgomery Detective 

Washington 

SOUTH CAROLINA 

Anderson 

Berkeley 

Charleston Police 

Department 

Dorchester 

Florence 



SOUTH CAROLINA- 







5 






Pickens 


5 




3 










York 


6 


SOUTH DAKOTA 






2 




9 


TENNESSEE 


11 




29 






Blount 


4 


Carter 


14 


Cheatham 


4 


Dickson 


5 


Hamilton 


13 


Knox 


19 


Manon 


12 


Montgomery 


9 


Robertson 


4 


Rutherford 




Shelby 




Sullivan 




Sumner 


5 


Tipton 


3 


Unicoi 


7 


Union 


3 


Williamson 


3 




4 


TEXAS 


14 


Bell 


4 


Btxar 


2 


Bowie 


6 


Brazona 


1 


Brazos 


14 


Callahan 


2 


Cameron 




Clay 




Collin 




Comal 


23 


Coryell 


13 


Dallas 


73 


Denton 


9 


Ector 


56 


El Pa.so 


4 


Elhs 


24 


Fort Bend 




Galveston 




Grayson 




Gregg 


18 


Guadalupe 




Hardin 


33 


Harns 


5 


Harnson 


3 


Hays 


2 


Hidalgo 


2 


Hood 


3 


Jefferson 


14 


Johnson 


6 


Jones 


5 


Kaufman 




Liberty 




Lubbock 




McLennan 


21 


Midland 


9 


Montgomery 


9 


Nueces 




Orange 


63 


Parker 


10 


Potter 







Table 75. — Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Suburban Counties, October 31, 1981 — Continued 



County by State 



Total police employees 



County by State 



Total police employees 



TEXAS— Con. 

Rockwall 

San Patricio 

Smith 

Tarranl 

Taylor 

Tom Green 

Waller 

Webb 

Wichita 

Williamson 

Wise 

UTAH 

Sah Lake 

Tooele 

Utah 

Weber 

VIRGINIA 

Amherst 

Appomattox 

Botetourt 

Campbell 

Charles City 

Chesterfield Police 

Department 

Craig 

Dinwiddle 

Fairfax Police 

Department 

Fluvanna 



'Male and female breakdowns not s 



VIRGINIA— Con. 

Gloucester 

Goochland 

Hanover 

Henrico Police 

Department 

James City 

Loudoun 

Pittsylvania 

Powhatan 

Prince George 

Pnnce William Police 

Department 

Roanoke 

Scott 

Washington 

York 

WASHINGTON 

Benton 

Clark 

Franklin 

King 

Pierce 

Snohomish 

Spokane 

Thurston 

Whatcom 

WEST VIRGINIA 

Brooke 

Cabell 



Hancock 

Kanawha 

Marshall 

Mineral 

Ohio 

Putnam 

Wayne 

Wirt 

Wood 

WISCONSIN 

Brown 

Calumet 

Chippewa 

Douglas 

Eau Claire 

Kenosha 

La Crosse 

Marathon 

Milwaukee 

Outagamie 

Ozaukee 

Rock 

Saint Croix 

Sheboygan 

Washington 

Waukesha .'.... 

Winnebago 

WYOMING 

Natrona 



rable 76.-Nuinber of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Rural Counties, October 31, 1981 










County by State 


Total police employees 


County by State 


Total poUce employees 


County by State 


Total police em 


jloyees 




Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


Total 


Male 


Female 


ALABAMA 








ARKANSAS-Con. 








CALIFORNIA— Con. 








arbour 


11 


9 




Cleburne 


15 


12 




Mono 


49 


40 


9 


ibb 


5 


5 




Cleveland 


8 


6 




Nevada 


88 


66 


22 


lount 


20 


18 




Columbia 


17 


12 




Plumas 


49 


40 




ullock 


5 


4 




Conwav 


11 


9 




San Ben.to 


25 


21 




utler 


10 


9 




Craighead 


24 


16 




San Lu.s Ob.spo 


168 


123 


45 


hambers 


17 


14 




Cross 


8 


8 




Sierra 


15 


14 




herokee 


5 


5 




Dallas 


12 


7 




Sisk.you 


53 


40 


13 


hilton 


11 


11 




Desha 


11 


6 




Tehama 


53 


41 


12 


hoc taw 


11 


9 




Drew 


8 


5 




Trin.ty 


32 


25 




larkc- 


13 


11 




Faulkner 


10 


9 




Tuolumne 


67 


49 


18 


lay 


5 


4 




Franklm 


7 


7 












leburne 


12 


10 




Fulton 


6 


3 




COLORADO 








^ffee 


15 


11 




Garland 


43 


37 












onecuh 


11 


10 




Grant 


7 


4 




Alamosa 


16 


14 




oosa 


8 


7 




Greene 


14 


10 




Archuleta 


10 






ovington 


17 


14 




Hempstead 


14 


9 




Baca 


9 






renshaw 


6 


4 




Hot Spnng 


15 


10 




Bent 


8 






ullman 


36 


31 




Howard 


9 


5 




Chaffee 


18 


12 




)ale 


15 


13 




Independence 


18 


15 




Cheyenne 


6 






)allas 


38 


30 




Izard 


5 


4 




Clear Creek 


23 


15 




)e Kalb 


23 


21 




Jackson 


13 


9 




Conejos 


3 






ayelte 


10 


9 




Johnson 


14 


11 




Costilla 


8 






ranklin 


12 


8 




Lafayette 


5 


5 




Crowley 


2 






encva 


12 


10 




Lawrence 


9 


8 




Custer 


3 






reene 


6 


5 




Lee 


10 


7 




Delta 


27 


16 


11 


ale 


8 


5 




Lincoln 


8 


5 




Dolores 


6 






enry 


6 


5 




Logan 


8 


5 




Eagle 


26 


23 




ouston 


71 


60 


11 


Lonoke 


11 


11 




Elbert 


6 






ackson 


27 


23 




Madison 


9 


6 




Fremont 


27 


23 




amar 


13 


11 




Manon 


10 


9 




Garfield 


33 


28 




aw rente 


20 


16 




Miss.ss.pp. 


42 


34 




Grand 


28 


22 




^e 


40 


35 




Monroe 


11 


9 




Gunn.son 


13 






owndes 


10 


5 




Montgomery 


9 


8 




Hinsdale 


3 






laLOn 


16 


11 




Nevada 


8 


5 




Huerfano 


11 






larengo 


11 


7 




Newton 


4 






Jackson 


3 






lanon 


12 


12 




Ouachita 


15 


13 




Kiowa 


3 






lonroe 


14 


9 




Perry 


9 


7 




Kit Carson 


9 






[organ 


42 


34 




Philhps 


18 


10 




Lake 


19 






err> 


6 


4 




Pike 


7 


6 




La Plata 


37 






ickens 


12 


9 




Poinsett 


15 


11 




Las An.mas 


15 






Ike 


13 


9 




Polk 


12 


7 




Lincoln 


5 






andolph 


9 


6 




Pope 


31 


20 




Logan 


15 






umter 


5 


4 




Praine 


15 


8 




Mesa 


95 




25 


alladcga 


26 


21 




Randolph 


6 


5 




Mineral 








allapoosa 


17 


15 




Saint Francs 


17 


15 




Moffat 


26 






/aihington 


10 


7 




Scott 


7 


6 




Montezuma 


25 






/ilcox 


14 


9 




Searcy 


4 


3 




Montrose 


29 






/inston 


15 


11 




Sevier 


9 


9 




Morgan 


19 














Sharp 


8 


8 




Otero 


9 






ARIZONA 








Stone 
Union 


8 
23 


8 
20 




Ouray 
Park 


3 
13 






pache 


25 


18 


7 


Van Buren 


11 


8 




Philhps 


3 






XKhise 


109 


83 


26 


White 


23 


16 




Pitk.n 


24 






xjconino 


92 


69 


23 


Woodruff 


10 


7 




Prowers 


7 






Ua 


60 


41 


19 


Yell 


10 


9 




Rio Blanco 


14 






raham 


15 


13 


2 










Rio Grande 








reenlee 


19 


18 


1 


CALIFORNIA 








Routt 


29 




13 


lohave 


118 


85 


33 










Saguache 


9 






avajo 
ma] 


55 


37 


18 


Alpine 


12 


9 




San Juan 


2 






145 


109 


36 


Amador 


34 


31 




San M.guel 


6 






anta Cruz 


28 


24 


4 


Calaveras 


45 


38 




Sedgwick 
Summ.t 


6 






avapai 


97 


73 


24 


Colusa 


33 


28 




21 








94 


78 


16 


Del Norte 


40 


28 




Washington 


10 














El Dorado 


144 


121 




5 






ARKANSAS 








Glenn 


41 


32 




















Humboldt 


145 


108 




FLORIDA 








LTkansas 


11 


7 




Imperial 


193 


146 












shley . . .'.'.Z'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 


23 


14 




Inyo 


40 


33 




Bradford 


17 


12 


5 


21 


18 




Kings 


96 


75 




Calhoun 


11 


8 


3 


oone 


14 


10 




Lake 


68 


57 




Charlotte 


104 


81 


23 


radley 


7 


5 




Lassen 


26 


21 




Citrus 


66 


48 


18 


alhoun 


8 


6 




Madera 


63 


47 




Collier 


254 


197 


57 


.arroll 


15 


9 






37 


27 




Columbia 


48 


35 


13 


"hicot 


10 






Mendocino 


115 


89 




De Soto 


54 


31 


23 


lark 


11 


10 




Merced 


128 


109 




Dixie 




8 


3 


lay 


4 


4 




Modoc 


15 


14 




Flagler 


11 


21 


10 



Table 76. — Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Rural Counties, October 31, 1981 — Continued 



Total police employees 



GEORGIA— Con. 



Floyd 

Floyd Police Department 
Franklin 







12 


Jefferson 


2 


Lamar 


9 


Lanier 


4 


Liberty 


6 


Lincoln 


8 


Lowndes 


23 


Lumpkin 


32 


Marion 


19 


McDuffie 


4 


Mcintosh 


34 


Miller 


9 


Monroe 


2 


Pickens 


3 


Pike 


37 


Polk Police 


4 


Department 


4 


Pulaski 


2 


Putnam 


44 


Rabun 


49 


Seminole 


20 


Spalding 


24 


Stephens 


28 


Sumter 


13 


Taylor 


8 


Terrell 


7 


Tift 


5 


Toombs 


6 


T roup 








Union 




Upson 




Ware 




Washington 




Wayne 




Webster 




Wheeler 




White 




Whitfield 




Wilcox 




Wilkes 












HAWAII 








Hawaii 








Maui 








IDAHO 








Bannock 




Bear Lake 




Benewah 




Bingham 




Blaine 




Boise 




Bonner 




Bonneville 




Boundary 




Butte 




Cama.s 




Canyon 




Caribou 




Cassia 




Clark 




Clearwater 


14 


Custer 




Elmore 




Franklin 




Fremont 


10 


Gem 




Gooding 




Idaho 




Jefferson 



Jerome 

Kixitenai 

Latah 

Lewis 

Lincoln 

Madison 



Nez Perce 
Oneida 
Owyhee 
Payette 

Shoshone 
Teton 
Twin Falls 
Valley 



3 


Adams 


11 


Alexander 


2 


Bond 


6 


Brown 


2 


Bureau 


3 


Calhoun 


3 


Carroll 


1 


Ca.ss 


5 


Chnstian 


1 


Clark 


1 


Clay 


I 


Coles 


7 


Crawford 


3 


Cumberland 


1 


De Kalb 




De Witt 




Douglas 


1 


Edgar 


14 


Edwards 


4 


Effingham 


1 


Fayette 


1 


Ford 




Franklin 




Fulton 




Gallatin 


15 


Greene 


18 


Grundy 


36 


Hamilton 




Hancock 




Hardin 




Henderson 




Iroquois 


16 


Jackson 




Jasper 




Jefferson 




Jersey 




Jo Daviess 




Johnson 




Kendall 


12 


Knox 




La Salle 




Lawrence 




Lee 


24 


Livingston 




Logan 




Macoupin 




Marion 




Marshall 




Mason 




Massac 




McDonough 




Mercer 




Montgomery 




Morgan 




Moultrie 


3 


Ogle 



ble 76. — Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Rural Counties, October 31, 1981 — Continued 



County by State 



County by State 



IOWA— Con. 



Buchanan 
Buena VisU 
Butler 



Carroll 

Cass 

Cedar 

Cerro Gordo 

Cherokee 

Chickasaw 

Clarke 

Clay 

Clayton 

Clinton 

Crawford 

Dallas 

Davib 

Decatur 

Delaware 

Des Moines 

Dickinson 

Emmet 

Fayette 

Floyd 

Franklin 

Fremont 

Greene 

Grundy 

Guthrie 

Hamilton 

Hancock 

Hardin 

Harrison 

Howard 

Humboldt 

Ida 

Iowa 

Jackson 

Jefferson 

Keokuk 
Kossuth 
Lee 

Lucas 

Madison 

Mahaska 

Marion 

Marshall 

Mills 

Mitchell 

Monona 

Monroe 

Montgomery 

Muscatine 

O'Brien 

Osceola 

Page 

Palo Alto 

Plymouth 

Pocahontas 

Poweshiek 

Ringgold 

Sac 

Shelby 

Story 

Taylor 
Union 
Van Buren 
Wapello 
Washington 



IOWA— Con. 

Wayne 

Webster 

Winnebago 

Winneshiek 

Worth 

Wright 

KANSAS 

Allen 

Anderson 

Atchison 

Barber 

Bourbon 

Brown 

Chase 

Chautauqua 

Cherokee 

Cheyenne 

Clark 

Clay 

Cloud 

Coffey 

Comanche 

Cowley 

Crawford 

Decatur 

Dickinson 

Doniphan 

Edwards 

Elk 

Ellis 

Ellsworth 

Finney 

Ford 

Franklin 

Geary 

Graham 

Grant 

Greeley 

Greenwood 

Hamilton 

Harper 

Haskell 

Hodgeman 

Jewell 

Kingman 

Labette 

Lane 

Leavenworth 

Lincoln 

Linn 

Logan 

Marion 

Marshall 

McPherson 

Miami 

Mitchell 

Montgomery 

Morris 

Morton 

Nemaha 

Neosho 

Ness 

Norton 

Osborne 

Otuwa 



Table 76. — Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Rural Counties, October 31, 1981 — Continued 



County by State 



Total police employees 



County by State 



Total police employees 



County by State 



KANSAS— Con. 

Phillips 

Pottawatomie 

Pratt 

Rawlins 

Reno 

Republic 

Riley 

Rooks 

Rush 

Russell 

Saline 

Scott 

Seward 

Sheridan 

Sherman 

Smith 

Stafford 

Stanton 

Stevens 

Thomas 

Trego 

Wabaunsee 

Wallace 

Washington 

Wichita 

Wilson 

Woodson 

KENTUCKY 

Allen 

Ballard 

Bath 

Bell 

Boyle 

Bracken 

Breathitt 

Breckinridge 

Butler 

Caldwell 

Calloway 

Carlisle 

Carroll 

Carter 

Clay 

Clinton 

Crittenden 

Elliott 

Estill 

Fleming 

Floyd 

Fulton 

Gallatin 

Garrard 

Grant 

Grayson 

Hardin 

Harlan 

Harrison 

Hart 

Henry 

Hickman 

Hopkins 

Jackson 

Johnson 

Knott 

Knox 

Lame 

Lawrence 

Lee 



KENTUCKY— Con. 

Leslie 

Letcher 

Livingston 

Lyon ZZ\Z'.'.'.'.'.'.'.'. 
Lyons Police 

Department 

Madison 

Magoffin 

Marshall 

Martin 

Mason 

McCracken 

McCracken Police 

Department 

McCreary 

McLean 

Meade 

Menifee 

Montgomery 

Morgan 

Muhlenberg 

Nelson 

Nicholas 

Ohio 

Owen 

Owsley 

Pendleton 

Perry 

Pike 

Pike Police 

Department 

Powell 

Pulaski 

Robertson 

Rockcastle 

Rowan 

Simpson 

Taylor 

Todd 

Trigg 

Trimble 

Warren 

Washington 

Wayne 

Webster 

Whitley 

Wolfe 

LOUISLWMA 

Acadia 

Allen 

Assumption 

Avoyelles 

Beauregard 

Bienville 

Caldwell 

Claiborne 

East Carroll 

East Feliciana 

Evangeline 

Franklin 

Iberville 

Jackson 

Jefferson Davis 

La Fourche 

La Salle 

Lincoln 

Madison 

Morehouse 

Natchitoches 

Plaquemines 

Pointe Coupee 



LOUISIANA-Con. 









Saint Charles 




Saint Helena 








Saint John the Baptist .. 








Saint Martin 








Tangipahoa 




Tensas 








VermiUon 




Vemon 
















Winn 




MAINE 


Aroostook 




Franklm 




Hancock 




Kennebec 




Knox 




Lmcoln 




Oxford 




Penobscot 




PiscaUquis 




Sagadahoc 




Somerset 




Waldo 




Washmgton 




York 




MARYLAND 




Calvert 




Caroline 




Dorchester 












Kent 








Saint Mary's 




Somerset 
















MICHIGAN 




Alcona 




Alger 




Allegan 




Alpena 




Antnm 




Arenac 




Baraga 




Benzie 




Branch 




Cass 




Charlevoix 




Cheboygan 




Chippewa 




Clare 




Craw ford 




Delta 




Dickinson 




Emmet 




Gladwin 




Gogebic 




Grand Traverse 




Gratiot 




Hillsdale 




Houghton 




Huron 



ible 76. — Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Rural Counties, October 31, 1981 — Continued 



Total police employees 



Total 






County by State 



Total polii 






County by State 



Total police employees 



MINNESOTA— Con. 

Morrison 

Mower 

Nicollet 

Nobles 

Norman 

Otter Tail 

Pennington 

Pine 

Pipestone 

Pope 

Red Lake 

Redwood 

Renville 

Rice 

Rock 

Roseau 

Sibley 

Steele 

Stevens 

Swift 

Todd 

Traverse 

Wabasha 

Wadena 

Waseca 

Watonwan 

Wilkin 

Winona 

Yellow Medicine 

M 

Benton . 

Calhoun 

Chickasaw 

Clarke 

Covington 



Greene 

Holmes 

Humphreys 

Lamar 

Lawrence 

Lee 

Lincoln 

Lowndes 

Montgomery 

Newton 

Noxubee 

Perry 

Quitman 

Sunflower 

Union 

Walthall 

Wayne 

Webster 

Winston 

Yalobusha 

Yazoo 



Atchison 

Audrain 

Barry 

Barton 

Bates 

Benton 

Bollinger 

Caldwell 

Camden 

Cape Girardeau 

Carroll 

Carter 



MISSOURI— Con. 

Cedar 

Chariton 

Cole 

Crawford 

Dade 

Dallas 

De Kdlb 

Douglas 

Dunklin 

Gasconade 

Holt 

Howard 

Iron 

Johnson 

Knox 

Laclede 

Lafayette 

Lawrence 

Lincoln 

Livingston 

Madison 

Maries 

Manon 

McDonald 

Moniteau 

Montgomery 

Morgan 

Nodaway 

Oregon 

Osage 

Pemiscot 

Perry 

Pike 

Pulaski 

Rails 

Randolph 

Reynolds 

Ripley 

Saint Francois 

Sainte Genevieve 

Schuyler 

Scotland 

Scott 

Shannon 

Stoddard 

Texas 

Warren 

Wayne 

Webster 

Worth 

MONTANA 

Beaverhead 

Big Horn 

Carbon 

Daniels 

Dawson 

Flathead 

Gallatin 

Granite 

Hill 

Jefferson 

Judith Basin 

Lake 

Lewis and Clark 

Liberty 

Lincoln 

Madison 

McCone 



297 



Table 76.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Rural Counties, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Total police employees 



County by State 



Total police employees 



MONTANA— Con. 

Mineral 

Missoula 

Musselshell 

Park 

Pondera 

Powder River 

Powell 

Ravalli 

Richland 

Roosevelt 

Rosebud 

Sanders 

Sheridan 

Stillwater 

Sweet Grass 

Teton 

Toole 

Wheatland 

Wibaux 

NEBRASKA 

Adams 

Antelope 

Box Butte 

Brown 

Buffalo 

Burt 

Cass 

Cedar 

Chase 

Cherry 

Cheyenne 

Clay 

Colfax 

Custer 

Dawes 

Dawson 

Deuel 

Dixon 

Dodge 

Fillmore 

Franklin 

Frontier 

Gage 

Garden 

Gosper 

Grant 

Greeley 

Hamilton 

Hitchcock 

Holt 

Hooker 

Howard 

Jefferson 

Johnson 

Keith 

Keya Paha 

Kimball 

Madison 

Merrick 

Morrill 

Nemaha 

Nuckolls 

Otoe 

Pawnee 

Phelps 

Platte 

Polk 

Red Willow 

Richardson 



NEBRASKA— Con. 



Saline 

Saunders 
Scotts Bluff 

Sheridan 
Sherman 
Stanton 

Thomas 

Valley 

Washington 

Wayne 

York 



Carson City 
Chun hill 
Douglas 
Elko 



Eureli a 

Humboldt 

Lincoln 

Minei al 

Nye 
Pershmg 

Storey 

White Pine 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

Belknap 

Carroll 

Cheshire 

Grafton 

Merrimack 

Rockingham 

Sullivan 

NEW JERSEY 

Cape May 

Cape May Prosecutor 

Hunterdon 

Hunterdon Prosecutor 

Ocean Prosecutor 

Sussex Prosecutor 

NEW MEXICO 

Catron 

Chaves 

Colfax 

Curry 

De Baca 

Dona Ana 

Eddy 

Grant 

Guadalupe 

Lea 

McKinley 

Otero 

Quay 

Rio Arriba 

Roosevelt 

San Juan 

San Miguel 

Santa Fe 

Socorro 



NEW MEXICO— Con. 

Taos 

Torrance 

Union 

Valencia 

NEW YORK 

Allegany 

Cattaraugus 
Cayuga 



Chenango 

Columbia 
Cortland 
Delaware 

Franklin 

Greene 

Hamilton 

Jefferson 

Otsego 

Saint Lawrence 

Schohane 

Schuyler 

Steuben 
Sullivan 
Tompkins 

UlstLr 

Wyoming 

Yates 

NORTH CAROLINA 

Alleghany 

Anson 

Ashe 

Avery 

Beaufort 

Bertie 

Bladen 



Caswell 



Cherokee 

Chowan 

Clay 

Cleveland 

Columbus 

Craven 

Dare 

Davit. 

Duplin 

EdgiLOmbe 

Franklin 

Gates 

Graham 

Granville 

Halifax 

Harnett 

Haywood 

Henderson 

Hertford 

Hoki 

Hyde 

Iredell 

Jackson 

Johnston .... 



ible 76. — Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Rural Counties, October 31, 1981 — Continued 



County by State 



Total police employees 



County by State 



Richland 
Rolette 
Sargent 
Shendan 

Slope 

Surk 

Steele 

Stutsman 

Towner 

Traill 

Walsh 

Ward 

Wells 

Williams 



Adams .... 

Ashland 

Ashtabula 

Brown 
Clinton 



Coshocton 
Crawford 
Darke 
Defiance 

Gallia 

Guernsey 

Hancock 

Hardin 

Harrison 

Highland 

Hocking 

Holmes 

Huron 

Jackson 

Knox 

Licking 

Marion 
Meigs 

Morgan 

Morrow 

Muskingum 

Paulding 

Perry 

Pike 

Ross 

Sandusky 

Scioto 

Shelby 

Tuscarawas 

Union 

Vinton 

Wayne 

Williams 

Wyandot 

OKLAHOMA 

Adair 

Alfalfa 

Aloka 

Beaver 

Beckham 

Blaine 

Bryan 

Caddo 



OKLAHOMA— Con. 

Carter 

Cherokee 

Choctaw 
Cimarron 
Coal 
Cotton 
Traig 
Custer 
Delaware 
Dewey 
Ellis 
Garfield 

Grant 

Harmon 

Haskell 

Hughes 

Jackson 

Jefferson 

Johnston 

Kay 

Kingfisher 

Latimer 
Lincoln 
Logan 
Love 

Marshall 

McCurtain 

Mcintosh 

Murray 

Muskogee 

Noble 

Nowata 

Okfuskee 

Okmulgee 

Ottawa 

Pawnee 

Payne 

Pittsburg 

Pontotoc 

Pushmataha 

Roger Mills 

Seminole 

Stephens 

Texas 

Tillman 

Washington 

Washita 

Woods 

Woodward 

OREGON 

Baker 

Benton 

Clatsop 

Columbia 

Crook 

Deschutes 

Gilliam 

Harney 

Hood River 

Jefferson 

Klamath 

Lake 

Lincoln 



299 



Table 76.-Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Rural Counties, October 31. 1981-Continued 




300 



Fable 76.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Rural Counties, October 31, 1981— Continued 



Total police employees 






County by State 



Total police employees 



Female 



County by State 



TEXAS— Con. 



TEXAS— Con. 



Mason 

Matagorda 

Mavtntk 

McCullough 

McMullen 

Medina 

Menard 

Milam 

Mills 

Mitchell 

Montague 

Moore 

Motley 
Nacogdoches 
Navarro 
Newton 

Ochiltree 
Oldham 
Palo Pmto 
Panola 

Pecos 
Polk 
Presidio 
Rains 

Real 

Red River 

Reeves 

Refugio 

Roberts 

Robertson 

Runnels 

Rusk 

Sabine 

San Augustine 

San Jacinto 

San Saba 

Schleicher 

Scurry 

Shackelford 

Shelby 

Sherman 

Somervell 

Starr 

Stephens 

Sterling 

Stonewall 

Sutton 

Swisher 

Terrell 

Throckmorton 

Titus 

Trinity 

Tyler 

Upshur 

Upton 

Uvalde 

Val Verde 

Van 7andt 

Victona 

Walker 

Ward 

Washington 

Wharton 

Wheeler 

Wilbarger 

Willacy 

Wilson 

Winkler 

Wood 

Yoakum 

Young 





Beaver 


6 




Box Elder 


31 




Cache 


38 




Carbon 


21 




Daggett 


3 




Duchesne 


12 




Emery 


31 


Garfield 


4 




Grand 


13 


Iron 


18 


Juab 


10 


Kane 


6 


Morgan 


6 


Piute 


2 


Rich 


10 


San Juan 


g 


Sanpete 


10 


Sevier 


14 


Summit 


14 


Uintah 


22 


Wasatch 


7 




Washington 


13 




VIRGINIA 




Accomack 


19 




Alleghany 


27 




Amelia 


7 




Augusta 


48 




Bath 


11 




Bedford 


37 




Bland 


g 




Brunswick 


19 




Buchanan 


32 




Buckingham 


11 




Caroline 


27 




Carroll 


31 




Charlotte 


17 




Clarke 


22 




Culpeper 


28 




Cumberland 


8 




Dickenson 


26 




Essex 


10 




Fauquier 


36 




Floyd 


11 




Franklin 


39 




Frederick 


48 




Giles 


21 




Grayson 


20 




Greensville 


21 




Halifax 


35 




Henry 


81 




Highland 


9 




Isle of Wight 


17 




King and Queen 


4 




King George 


13 




King William 


17 




Lancaster 


21 




Lee 


27 




Louisa 
Lunenburg 


26 

5 




Madison 


12 




Mathews 


9 




Mecklenburg 


44 




Middlesex 


10 




Montgomery 


5! 




Nelson 


15 




New Keni 


15 




Northampton 


14 






17 



Table 76.— Number of Full-time Law Enforcement Employees, Rural Counties, October 31, 1981— Continued 



County by Stale 



VIRGINIA— Con. 

Nottoway 

Page 

Patrick 

Pnnce Edward 

Pulaski 

Rappahannock 

Richmond 

Rockbridge 

Rockingham 

Russell 

Shenandoah 

Southampton 

Spotsylvania 

Stafford 

Surry 

Sussex 

Tazewell 

Westmoreland 

Wise 

Wythe 

WASHINGTON 

Adams 

Asotin 

Chelan 

Clallam 

Columbia 

Cowlitz 

Ferry 

Garfield 

Grays Harbor 

Jefferson 

Klickitat 

Lincoln 

Okanogan 

Pacific 

Pend Oreille 

San Juan 

Skagit 

Skamania 

Stevens 

Walla Walla 

Whitman 

WEST VIRGINIA 

Barbour 

Berkeley 

Boone 

Braxton 

Calhoun 

Clay 

Doddndge 

Fayette 



Total police employei 



Greenbrier 
pshire 
Hardy ... 
riirrison .. 

Jefferson . . 



County by State 



WEST VIRGINIA- 
Continued 



Mason .... 
McDowell 

Mingo — 
Monongalia 



Morgan . . . . 
Nicholas ... 
Pendleton . 
Pleasants . . 
Pocahontas 

Raleigh .... 
Randolph . . 
Ritchie .... 



Taylor .. 

Tyler ... 
Upshur 
Webster 
Wetzel . 
Wyoming 



Total police employees 



WISCONSIN 



Barron 

Bayfield 

Buffalo 

Burnett 

Clark 

Columbia 

Crawford 

Dodge 

Door 

Dunn 

Rorence 

Fond du Lac 

Forest 

Grant 



WISCONSIN— Con. 



Kewaunee 
Lafayette . 



Marinette . 
Marquette 



Menominee Tnbal Police 

Department 

Monroe 

Oconto 

Pierce 

Polk 

Pnce 

Richland 

Rusk 

Sauk 

Sawyer 



Taylor . . . . 
Trempealea 

Vilas 

Walworth 
Washburn 
Waupaca . 
Waushara . 
Wood 



Albany 

Big Horn 
Campbell . 

Crook 

Fremont — 

Goshen 

Hot Springs 
Johnson ... 
Laramie . . . . 

Niobrara . . . . 

Park 

Platte 

Sublette .... 
Sweetwater 

Uinta 

Washakie ... 
Weston 



OTHER AREAS 

Canal Zone 

Samoa 

Puerto Rico 



12 
IT 


1 

5 


27 


5 


85 


21 


11 


4 


|q 


2 


3X 


8 


2<J 
1(1 


11 


34 


15 


23 


g 


21 


6 


s 


6 


34 


15 


h 


1 


t 


1 


g 


4 


53 


19 


17 


11 


4 


1 


If. 


7 


g 


2 


2» 


20 


24 


9 


h 


1 


' 


1 


151 


19 
12 


9.979 


1.299 



ASSAULTS ON LAW ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS 

Of every 100 law enforcement officers nationwide, an 
average of 17 were assaulted in 1981. For the year, 57,116 
assaults on officers were reported by 9,019 agencies. 
These agencies represented approximately 78 percent of 
the total United States population. 

Injuries to Law Enforcement Officers 

Throughout 1981, line-of-duty assaults on officers re- 
sulted in excess of 20,000 reports of personal injuries. The 
injury rate was 6 per 100 officers nationwide in 1981. 



Within the nine geographic divisions, the rate showed 9 
of every 100 officers were injured in the New England 
Division; 8 per 100 officers in the Middle Atlantic 
Division; 7 per 100 in the West North Central and Pacific 
Divisions; 6 per 100 in the Mountain Division; 5 per 100 in 
the South Atlantic and West South Central Divisions; 4 
per 100 in the East North Central Division; and 2 per 100 
in the East South Central Division. 

Among the population groupings, the greatest rate of 
assaults with injuries, 8 per 100 officers, occurred in cities 
with populations of 100,000 to 249,999. The lowest injury 
rate, 2 per 100 officers, was recorded in the rural counties. 



Table 77. — Law Enforcement Officers Assaulted, Geographic Division and Population Group, 1981 

(9,019 agencies; 1981 estimated population 177.836.000) 



Geographic division 



100 



Assaults 
with 



TOTAL 



TOTAL 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Centra] 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

'Includes suburban city and county law enforcement agencies within metropohtan areas. Excludes 



57,116 



5,676 
2,354 
1,506 



4,679 
3,452 
9,254 



Group I (250.000 and over) .. 
Group II (100,000 to 249,999) 
Group III (50,000 to 99,999) . 
Group IV (25,000 to 49,999) . 
Group V (10,000 to 24,999) .. 

Group VI (under 10,000) 

Suburban Counties 

Rural Counties 

Area' 



19,284 
7,182 
5,750 
5,640 
5,658 
5,643 
6,209 
1,750 

16,476 



Suburban ( 



also included in other groups. 



303 



Weapons Used in Assaults on Law Enforcement 
Officers 

Personal weapons (hands, fists, feet, etc.) were used in 
83 percent of the assaults on law enforcement officers in 
1981. They also accounted for the most injuries. Of all 
officers assaulted with personal weapons, 36 percent 
sustained personal injuries. 

Six percent of the assaults were committed with 
firearms, which caused personal injuries to 18 percent of 
the officers attacked with these weapons. In 3 percent of 
assaults on officers, knives or cutting instruments were 
employed. These objects caused injury to 34 percent of 
the officers against whom they were used. The remainder 



of assaults, 8 percent, were those in which other danger- 
ous weapons were employed. Of officers assaulted with 
such weapons, 41 percent were injured. 

Tables 78 and 80 present data on the types of weapons 
used in assaults within geographic divisions and popula- 
tion groups and by the types of activities in which the 
officers were involved at the time the assaults occurred. 

Time of Assault 

Data concerning assaults on officers by time of day and 
population group are set forth in Table 81. Approximately 
one-half of the assaults on law enforcement officers 
occurred during the 6-hour period 8:00 p.m. to 2:00 a.m. 



Table 78.— Law Enforcement Officers Assaulted, Weapon Used, 1981 

[9,019 agencies; 1981 estimated population 177,836.000] 



Population group 


Total 

assaults 


Firearm 


Knife or 

other 
cutting in- 
strument 


Other 
dangerous 
weapon 


Hands, 

fists, feet, 

etc. 




57,116 
100.0 


3,330 
5.8 


1,733 
3.0 


4,800 
8.4 






82.7 








19,284 
7,182 
5,750 
5,640 
5,658 
5,643 
6,209 
1,750 

16,476 


1,553 

282 
228 
216 
199 
262 
386 
204 
769 


649 
200 
150 
162 
138 
155 
193 
86 
444 


1,519 
622 
557 
495 
398 
394 
670 
145 

1,519 


15,563 










Group IV (25 000 to 49 999) 


4,767 






Group VI (under 10 000) 


4,832 


Suburban Counties 


4,960 




13,744 






Geographic division 


Total 
assaults 


Firearm 


Knife or 

other 
cutting in- 
strument 


other 
dangerous 
weapon 


Hands, 
fists, feet. 


TOTAL 


57,116 
100.0 


3,330 
5.8 


1,733 
3.0 


4,800 
8.4 


47,253 
82.7 






New England 
Middle Atlantic 
East North Central 
West North Central 
South Atlanliu 
East South Central 
West South Central 
Mountain . . 
Pacific 


3,931 
11,756 
4,797 
4,987 
13,264 
996 
4,679 
3,452 
9,254 


58 
657 
305 
294 
851 
126 
381 
198 
460 


51 
371 
140 
126 
474 

30 
164 
125 
252 


401 
592 
308 
382 

1,149 
72 
376 
380 

1,140 


3,421 
10,136 
4,044 
4,185 
10,790 
768 
3.758 
2,749 
7.402 



e also included in other groups 



Suburban cities and 



304 



Table 79.-Law Enforcement Officers Assaulted, Type of Weapon and Percent Receiving Personal 


Injury. 1977-1981 








Total 


Firearm 


Knife or 
cutting 
instru- 


Other 
dangerous 
weapon 


Hands, 
fists, 
feet, 


Number of 

agencies 
represented 


Population 


Number of 
Police 
Officers 




49,156 
35.9 

56,130 

38.7 

59,031 
36.9 

57,847 
37.2 

57,116 
35.5 


2,809 
18.0 

3,065 
17.8 

3,237 
20.7 

3,295 

22.5 

3,330 
18.3 


1,481 
31.0 

1,761 
35.0 

1,720 
34.4 

1,653 
34.4 

1,733 
34.3 


4,626 
43.2 

5,485 
42.7 

5.543 
41.1 

5,415 
38.0 

4,800 
40.6 


40,240 
36.5 

45,819 
39.7 

48,531 
37.6 

47,484 
38.2 

47,253 
36.2 


8,742 
9,150 
9,638 
9,235 
9,019 


168,868,000 
180,948,000 
182,027,000 
182,287,507 
177,836,000 


322.205 
347,681 
340,764 


Percent receiving personal injury 

1978 Total assaults 


Percent receiving personal injury 

1979 Total assaults 


1980 Toul assaults 

Percent receiving personal injury 


345,554 
332,856 


Percent receiving personal injury 



Table 80.— Law Enforcement Officers Assaulted, Police Activity and Type of Weapon, 1981 

(9,019 agencies; 1981 estimated population 177,836,000) 





Total- 




Type of 


weapon 




Type of activity 




Knife or 


Other 


Hands, 






Firearm 


cuttmg in- 


dangerous 
weapon 


fists, feet, 
etc. 




57.116 
100.00 


3,330 
5.8 


1,733 
3.0 


4,800 
8.4 


47,253 








Respondmg to "disturbance ' calls (family quarrels, man with gun, etc ) 


18.338 


1.072 


754 


1.218 


15,294 


Percent of mdividual activity 


100.0 


5.8 


4.1 


6.6 


83.4 


Jurglanes in progress or pursuing burglary suspects 


1.152 


171 


54 


172 


755 


Percent of individual activity 


100.0 


14.8 


4.7 


14.9 


65.5 


lobberies in progress or pursuing robbery suspects 


1,076 


407 


36 


68 


565 


Percent of mdividual activity 


100.0 


37.8 


3.3 


6.3 


52.5 


Attempting other arrests 


10,859 


436 


261 


689 


9,473 


Percent of individual activity 


IQO.O 


4.0 


2.4 


6.3 


87.2 


Civil disorder (riot, mass disobedience) 


1,021 


11 


46 


134 


830 


Percent of individual activity 


100.0 


1.1 


4.5 


13.1 


81.3 


Handling, transporting, custod> of pnsoners 


6,879 


41 


66 


272 


6,500 


Percent of individual activity 


100.0 


.6 


1.0 


4.0 


94.5 


nvestigating suspicious persons or circumstances 


4,755 


425 


179 


476 


3,675 


Percent of individual activity 


100.0 


8.9 


3.8 


10.0 


77.3 


Ambush - no warning 


283 


106 


5 


57 


115 


Percent of individual activity 


100.0 


37.5 


1,8 


20.1 


40.6 


^lentally deranged ... 


985 


42 


85 


80 


778 


Percent of individual activity 


100.0 


4.3 


8.6 


8.1 


79.0 


Traffic pursuits and stops 


6,206 


270 


74 


1,022 


4,840 


Percent of individual activity 


100.0 


4.4 


1.2 


16.5 


78.0 












4,428 
79.6 


Percent of individual activity 


100.0 


6.3 


3,1 


11.0 



'Because of rounding, percentages may not add to total. 



Activity of Law Enforcement Officers at the Time of 
Assault 

The largest portion of assaults. 32 percent, occurred 
while officers were responding to all types of disturbance 
calls (family quarrels, man-with-gun calls, bar fights, etc.). 
Twelve percent of the assaults occurred while officers 
were engaged in the handling, transporting, or custody of 
prisoners; 11 percent while enforcing traffic laws; and 8 
percent while investigating suspicious persons. Responses 
to robberies or burglaries in progress or attempted 
apprehensions of suspects for these offenses resulted in 4 
percent of the assaults; 19 percent occurred when officers 
attempted to arrest suspects for other crimes. The remain- 



der of the assaults took place while officers were perform- 
ing other duties. 

Type of Assignment 

Vehicle patrol officers were the victims in 4 of every 5 
assaults on law enforcement officers. Fifty-two percent of 
all officers assaulted were in one-officer vehicles, while 
29 percent were in two-officer vehicles. Six percent of the 
total were assigned to detective or special assignments, 
and 13 percent were on other assignments. Table 83 
presents the types of assignments the officers were 
performing when assaulted. 



Table 81.— Law Enforcement Officers Assaulted, Time of Day, Population Group, 1981 





Total- 


Time of assaults by population group 


Population group 


12- 
2 a.m. 


2 a.m.- 
4 a.m. 


6a.m: 


6 a.m.- 
8 a.m. 


8 a.m.- 
10 am. 


10 a.m.- 
12 


12- 
2 p.m. 


2 p.m.- 
4 p.m. 


4 p.m.- 


6 p.m.- 
8 p.m. 


8 p.m- 
10 p.m. 


10 p.m.- 
12 


TOTAL 




























9,019 agencies; 1981 
population 177,836,000: 


57,116 
100.0 


9,863 

17J 


6,845 
12.0 


2,279 
4.0 


1,003 
1.8 


1,457 
2.6 


2,050 
3.6 


2,610 
4.6 


3,169 

5.5 


4,386 

7.7 


5,639 
9.9 


8,036 




Percent distribution 


17.1 






Group I 




























49 agencies, 250,000 and over; 
total population 36,846,000: 
Total assaults 


19,284 


2,859 


2,095 


815 


365 
1.9 


535 
2.8 


816 

4.2 


1,070 
5.5 


1.184 


1.661 


2,022 
10.5 


2,754 
14.3 


3.108 


GROUP II 




























96 agencies, 100,000 to 249,999; 
total population 14,228,000: 

Total assaults 

Percent distribution 


7,182 
100.0 


1,201 
16.7 


879 
12.2 


338 

4.7 


136 
1.9 


148 
2.1 


239 
3.3 


292 
4.1 


378 
5.3 


615 
8.6 


756 
10.5 


976 
13.6 


1,224 
17.0 


Group III 




























241 agencies, 50,000 to 99,999; 
total population 16.507,000: 


5,750 
100.0 


1,075 
18.7 


714 
12.4 


224 
3.9 


94 
1.6 


170 
3.0 


177 
3,1 


245 
4.3 


298 
5.2 


398 
6.9 


523 
9.1 


792 
13.8 


1,040 


Percent distribution 


18.1 


Group IV 




























511 agencies, 25,000 to 49,999; 
total population 17,539,000: 
Total assaults 


5,640 
100.0 


1.067 
18.9 


711 
12.6 


214 
3.8 


94 

1.7 


131 
2.3 


191 

3.4 


215 
3.8 


293 
5.2 


383 
6.8 


538 
9.5 


768 
13.6 


1,035 


Percent distribution 


18.4 


Group V 




























1,322 agencies; 10,000 to 24,999; 
total population 20,680,000: 


5.658 
100.0 


1,138 
20.1 


758 
13.4 


195 

3.4 


72 
1.3 


118 
2.1 


173 
3.1 


209 

3.7 


296 
5.2 


373 
6.6 


489 
8.6 


805 
14.2 


1.032 


Percent distribution 


18.2 


Group VI 




























4,742 agencies under 10,000; 
total population 18,816,000: 


5,643 
100.0 


1,194 
21.2 


721 
12.8 


199 
3.5 


64 
1.1 


126 

2.2 


133 


196 

3.5 


282 
5.0 


346 
6.1 


488 
8.6 


847 
15.0 


1.047 


Percent distribution 


18.6 






























460 agencies; total population 
30,597,000: 
Total assaults 


6,209 
100.0 


1,056 
17.0 


805 
13.0 


258 
4.2 


148 
2.4 


189 
3.0 


251 
4.0 


295 
4.8 


344 

5.5 


483 
7.8 


619 
10.0 


822 
13.2 


939 


Percent distribution 


15.1 


Rural Counties 
1,598 agencies; total population 
22,624,000: 


1,750 


273 


162 


36 


30 


40 


70 


88 


94 
5.4 


127 
7.3 


204 
11.7 


272 
15.5 






20.2 


Suburban Area' 
4,056 agencies; total population 
67,029,000: 


16,476 
100.0 


3,074 
18.7 


2.192 
13.3 


655 
4.0 


260 
1.6 


428 
2.6 


546 
3.3 


678 


904 
5.5 


1.140 
6.9 


1,522 
9.2 


2.289 
13.9 


2.788 


Percent distribution 


16.9 



ible 82. — Law Enforcement Officers Assaulted, Percent Distribution of Officer Activity, 1981 

019 agencies; 1981 population 177.836,000) 





Total 


2-ofricer 
vehicle(s) 


Type of assignment 


Type of activity 


l-officer vehicle(s) 


Detective or special 


Other 




Unassisted 


Assisted 


Unassisted 


Assisted 


Unassisted 


Assisted 




57,116 
100.0 


16,817 
100.0 


11,186 
100.0 


18,492 
100.0 


765 
100.0 


2,523 
100.0 


2,754 
100.0 


4,579 
100 


rcent of total' 






ssponding to "disturbance" calls (family quarrels. 


18,338 

32.1 

1,152 

2.0 

1,076 

1.9 

10,859 

19.0 

1,021 

1.8 

6,879 

12.0 

4,755 

8.3 

283 

.5 

985 

1.7 

6,206 

10.9 

5,562 

9.7 


6,013 

35.8 

457 

2.7 

433 

2.6 

3,053 

18.2 

356 

2.1 

1,538 

9.1 

1,424 

8.5 

82 

.5 

418 

2.5 

1,690 

10.0 

1,353 

8.0 


3,180 
28.4 
202 
1.8 
102 
.9 
2,185 
19.5 

1,0 

1,056 

9.4 

1,167 

10,4 

68 

110 
1.0 
1,820 
16.3 
1,185 
10.6 


7,779 
42,1 
318 
1.7 
162 
.9 
3.391 
18.3 
255 

1,586 

8,6 

1,324 

7,2 

37 

.2 

282 

1.5 

2.227 

12.0 

1,131 

6.1 


102 

13.3 
14 
1.8 
19 
2.5 
186 

24.3 

9 

1.2 

124 

16.2 
89 

11.6 
9 
1,2 
7 
.9 
46 
6,0 
160 

20,9 


296 

11.7 

76 

3.0 

160 

6.3 

792 

31.4 

65 

2.6 

274 

10.9 

352 

14.0 

23 

.9 

33 

1.3 

125 

5.0 

327 

13.0 


267 
9.7 
41 
1.5 
126 
4.6 

480 

17.4 
76 
2.8 
588 

21.4 
197 
7.2 
40 
1.5 
35 
1.3 
127 
4.6 
777 

28.2 




Percent of total 

jrglaries in progress or pursuing burglary suspects 

Percent of total 

Dbberies in progress or pursuing robbery suspects 

Percent of total 


15.3 
44 
1.0 
74 
1.6 

772 












3 3 




1,713 














74 












2 2 




171 










Percent of total 


13 7 







: of rounding, percentages may not add to total. 



ible 83.— Law Enforcement Officers Assaulted, Percent Distribution of Officer Assignment, 1981 

,019 agencies; 1981 population 177,836,000) 





Total' 


2-ofricer 
vehicle(s) 


Type of assignment 


Type of activity 


l-ofTicer vehicle(s) 


Detective or special 
assignment 


Other 




Unassisted 


Assisted 


Unassisted 


Assisted 


Unassisted 


Assisted 




57,116 
100.0 


16,817 
29.4 


11,186 
19.6 


18,492 
32.4 


765 
1.3 


2,523 
4.4 


2,754 
4.8 


4,579 








esponding to "disturbance" calls (family quarrels. 


18,338 
100.0 
1,152 
100.0 
1,076 
100.0 

10,859 
100.0 
1,021 
100.0 
6,879 
100.0 
4,755 
100.0 
283 
100.0 
985 
100.0 
6.206 
100.0 
5,562 
100.0 


6,013 
32.8 
457 
39.7 
433 
40.2 
3,053 
28.1 
356 
34.9 
1,538 
22.4 
1,424 
29.9 

29.0 
418 
42.4 

1,690 
27.2 

1,353 
24.3 


3,180 
17.3 
202 
17.5 
102 
9.5 

2,185 
20.1 
HI 
10.9 

1,056 
15.4 

1,167 
24.5 
68 
24.0 
110 
11.2 

1,820 
29.3 

1,185 
21.3 


7,779 

42.4 

318 

27.6 

162 

15.1 

3.391 

31.2 

255 

25.0 

1.586 

23.1 

1,324 

27.8 

37 

13.1 

282 

28.6 

2,227 

35.9 

1,13! 

20.3 


102 
.6 
14 
1.2 
19 
1.8 
186 
1.7 
9 
.9 
124 

89 
1.9 

9 

3.2 

7 

.7 
46 

.7 
160 
2.9 


296 
1.6 
76 
6.6 

160 

14.9 

792 
7.3 
65 
6.4 

274 
4.0 

352 
7.4 
23 
8.1 
33 
3.4 

125 
2.0 

327 
5.9 


267 
1.5 

3.6 
126 
11.7 
480 
4.4 
76 
7.4 
588 
8.5 
197 
4.1 
40 
14.1 
35 
3.6 
127 
2.0 
777 
14.0 


701 


Percent of individual activity 

arglaries in progress or pursuing burglary suspects 

Percent of individual activity 

obberies in progress or pursuing robbery suspects 

Percent of individual activity 


3.8 
44 

3.8 
74 

6.9 






vil disorder (riot, mass disobedience) 

Percent of individual activity 


149 
14 6 




1,713 












42 




24 






Percent of individual activity 


10.2 
171 


Percent of individual activity 


2.8 


Percent of individual activity 


11.3 



'Because of rounding, percentages i 



/ not add to total. 



Of all the assaults on law enforcement officers reported 
1 1981, 93 percent were cleared. In terms of population 
roupings, cities with populations ranging from 10,000 to 
9,999 had the highest assault clearance rate, 96 percent. 

The activities for which all agencies recorded the 
ighest clearance percentages were responding to disturb- 



ance calls and transporting prisoners. Ninety-five percent 
of the assaults on officers engaged in these activities were 
cleared. Ambush attacks on officers accounted for the 
lowest clearance rate-71 percent. Table 84 shows the 
percentage of assaults cleared by type of activity for each 
population group. 



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308 



^W ENFORCEMENT OFFICERS KILLED 

Ninety-one local, county, and state law enforcement 
ficers were feloniously killed in the line of duty during 
81. This 1981 total was down 13 percent from the 
evious year when 104 officers lost their lives. 
From 1972 through 1981, 1,110 officers were slain. As 
own in the table below, fewer line-of-duty deaths were 
ported in 1981 than in any other single year during the 
-year period. 



Year 
1972 
1973 
1974 
1975 
1976 
1977 
1978 
1979 



1981 



officers 

117 
134 
132 
129 
111 
93 
93 
106 
104 
91 

1,110 



lographic Locations 

In 1981 as in previous years, more officers (43) were 
in in the country's most populous region, the South, 
in in any other. Eighteen officers were killed in the 
)rth Central States, 14 in the Western States, 13 in the 
)rtheastern States, 2 in Puerto Rico, and 1 in American 
moa. 

Of the 91 officers slain during 1981, 88 were from 77 
Terent local, county, and state law enforcement agen- 



cies in 30 states. As indicated above, the remaining 3 were 
from Puerto Rico and American Samoa. None of the slain 
officers were employed by Federal agencies. 

Among the states, California, with 8 officers slain, lost 
the most officers in line-of-duty deaths. The States of New 
York, Florida, and Mississippi followed with 6 officers 
killed in each. 

Circumstances Surrounding Deaths 

Responses to all types of disturbance calls (family 
quarrels, man-with-gun calls, bar fights, etc.) claimed the 
lives of 19 officers during 1981. Seventeen officers were 
slain by persons engaged in the commission of a robbery 
or while in the pursuit of robbery suspects, and 6 lost their 
lives at the scene of burglaries or while pursuing burglary 
suspects. Fifteen were killed while attempting arrests for 
crimes other than robbery or burglary. 

Twelve officers lost their lives while enforcing traffic 
laws. Ten were killed while investigating suspicious 
persons or circumstances; 9 were ambushed; 2 were slain 
while handling mentally deranged persons; and 1 was 
murdered while transporting a prisoner. 

Types of Assignment 

Sixty-eight of the 91 officers killed in 1981 were on 
vehicle patrol duty when attacked. Of the remaining 
victim officers, 10 were detectives or on special assign- 
ments and 1 3 were off duty but taking appropriate police 
action at the time they were slain. 

Thirty-eight of the 78 officers who were on duty when 
murdered were alone and unassisted at the scene of the 
fatal incident. 



» Enforcement Officers Killed, 1981 

geographic region and division and population group] 



Geographic region and division 



TAL 

theast 

Jew England 

liddle Atlantic 

th Central ° 

iast North Central 

Vent North Central 

th 

outh Atlantic 

last South Central 

tet South Central 

rt 

lountain 

'acific 

!rto Rico and American Samoa 



100,000 tc 
249,999 



Group V 
10,000 to 
24,999 



County. State 

Police and 

Highway Patrol 



Federal 
Agencies 



Law Enforcement Officers Killed, 1981 



— r 


Total 


Type of assignment 


Circumstances at scene of incident 


2-ofricer 
vehicle 


l-ofTicer vehicle 


Foot patrol 


Detective, special 
assignment 


Offdut) 




Alone 


Assisted 


Alone 


Assisted 


Alone 


Assisted 






19 
6 
17 
15 

1 
10 
5 
4 
2 
12 
91 


7 


2 
6 
3 


6 








■ 


















4 
3 












Robberies in progress or pursuing robbery suspects 






1 




Attempting other arrests 








Civil disorders (mass disobedience, not, etc) 












1 






Handling, transporting, custody of prisoners 




6 

3 
1 












Investigating suspicious persons and circumstances 


2 










Ambush (entrapment and premeditation) 












Ambush (unprovoked attack) 














Mentally deranged 


16 


10 

35 












Traffic pursuits and stops 


17 






3 


7 




TOTAL 









Weapons Used 

Firearms were the weapons used in 95 percent of the 
murders of law enforcement officers during 1981. Sixty- 
nine of the officers were slain with handguns, 12 with 
rifles, and 5 with shotguns. The officers' own firearms 
were used against them in 12 of the killings. 

Of the 5 officers slain with other weapons, 2 were 
struck by vehicles; 1 was stabbed to death; 1 was killed 
with a blunt object; and 1 was drowned. 

Thirty-three of the officers who met their demise in 
1981 attempted to utilize their service firearms while in 
contact with their assailants, and 27 discharged their 
service weapons. Fifty-three percent of the officers killed 
by firearms were within 5 feet of their assailants at the 
time they were shot. 



Law Enforcement Officers Killed, 1981 

[By type of weapon] 



Type of weapon 


Number 


Percent 


Handgun 

Rifle 

Shotgun 

Total firearms 


69 
12 
5 
86 


75.8 
13.2 
5.5 
94.5 


Knife 
Bomb 

Personal weapons 
Other (vehicles, etc) 
Total 


. 


1.1 






4 
91 


4.4 
ICO.O 



Profile of Victim Officers 

Eighty-nine of the officers killed during 1981 were 
male and 2 were female. Breakdowns by age showed that 
33 were 30 years of age or younger, 38 were 31 through 
40 years old, and 20 were over the age of 40. Seventy- 
seven of the victim officers were White, 1 3 were Black, 
and 1 was a native of American Samoa. Their average 
years of service was 8, and 73 of the officers were in 
uniform when slain. 

Profile of Victim Officers, 1981 



Total 



officers 



Under 25 years of age 

From 25 through 30 years of age 
From 31 through 40 years of age 

Over 40 years of age 

Male 



White 

Black 

Other race 

Hispanic ethnicity 

Non-Hispanic ethnicity 

Average years of law enforcement service 

Less than 1 year of service 

From 1 to 5 years of service 

From 5 through 10 years of service 

Over 10 years of service 

Average height 



Persons Identified 

Law enforcement agencies cleared 81 of the 91 murders 
of officers which occurred during 1981. In connection 
with these crimes, 125 offenders were identified, 96 
percent of whom were male. Of all suspects identified, 41 
percent were White, 58 percent were Black, and the 
remainder were of other races. The assailants ranged in 
age from 15 to 79, and the average age was 30 years. 
Seven percent of the offenders were under the age of 18, 
and 46 percent were between 18 and 30 years of age. 

As can be seen from the accompanying chart, the 
majority of the assailants were not first offenders. Seven- 



ty-three percent had prior arrests, 54 percent had previ- 
ous convictions, and 47 percent had been arrested for 
violent crimes, such as murder, forcible rape, etc. Forty- 
nine percent of the offenders had at one time been paroled 
or given probation following criminal convictions, while 
26 percent were on parole or probation at the time of the 
police killing in which they were involved. Persons 
having prior arrests for narcotic charges made up 26 
percent of the total offenders, while 14 percent of the 
assailants had previous arrests for assaults on law enforce- 
ment officers. 

During 1981, 13 offenders were justifiably killed either 
at the scene of the police killing or in ensuing confronta- 
tions. Three of these assailants were killed and an 
additional 9 were wounded by the victim officers them- 
selves. Two of the offenders committed suicide. 

Note 

Extensive data on officers killed in the line of duty are 
available in the publication, "Law Enforcement Officers 
Killed " 

Profile of Persons Identified, 1981 



Total persons identified 

Under 18 years of age 

From 1 8 to 30 years of age 

Male 

Female 

White 

Black 

Other race 

Hispanic ethnicity 

Non-Hispanic ethnicity 

Prior criminal arrest 

Convicted on prior criminal charge 

Prior arrest for crime of violence 

Convicted on criminal charges - granted leniency 

On parole or probation at time of killing 

Arrested for prior murder charge 

Prior arrest for narcotic drug law violation 

Prior arrest for assaulting policeman 
Prior arrest for weapons violation 



311 



SECTION VI 

APPENDIX I 

TABLE METHODOLOGY 



Designed to assist the reader, this appendix explains the 
construction of many tabular presentations in the book. 
The following key refers to the columnar headings used 
throughout the appendix. 
Key: A) Column 1 shows the table numbers. Included 

are Tables 1 through 66, Crime in the United 

States- 1981. 
B) Column 2 indicates the level of submission 

necessary for an agency's statistics to be 

included in a table. There are three levels of 

participation: 

1. Agencies having reported data for 
all 12 months of the year. 

2. Agencies having reported data for 
at least one month but less than 12 
months of the year. 

3. Nonreporting agencies. 



The tabulations presented in the publicatioi 
employ statistics from one or more of thi 
above-listed participation levels. For example 
Table 1 includes all three agency reportinj 
levels, but Table 13 presents only data fo 
agencies having reported the entire year. 

C) Column 3 explains how each table was con 
structed. Data adjustments, if any, are dis 
cussed along with various definitions of dat 
aggregation. 

D) Column 4 contains general comments regarc 
ing the potential use and misuse of the statistic 
presented. 



312 



(1) 


(2) 


(3) 


(4) 




Data Base 


Table Construction 


General Comments 


1 


All law enforcement agencies in the UCR Program 


Statistics are aggregated from individual state statis- 


Represents an estimation of national reported 




(including those submitting less than 12 months 


tics as shown in Table 4. Crime statistics include 


crime activity in 1981. 




for 1981). 


estimated offense totals for agencies submitting 
less than 12 months of offense reports. Popula- 
tion statistics represent July 1, 1981, Bureau of 
the Census provisional estimates. The tabular 
breakdowns are in accordance with UCR crime 
definitions (App. 11) and population classifica- 
tions (App. III). 




2 


All law enforcement agencies in the UCR Program 


The 1981 statistics are consistent with Table 1, 


Represents an estimation of national reported 




(mcluding those submitting less than 12 


Crime in the U.S. Pre-1981 crime statistics have 


crime activity from 1972 to 1981. 




months). 


been updated, and hence, may not be consistent 
with prior publications. Crime statistics include 
estimated offense totals for agencies submitting 
less than 12 months of offense reports for 1981. 
Population statistics represent July 1 estimations 
for each year except April 1, 1980. The tabular 
breakdowns are according to UCR crime defini- 
tions (App. 11). Crime volume statistics are 
rounded to the 10th place for violent crime and 
100th place for property crime. 




3 


All law enforcement agencies in the UCR Program 


The 1981 statistics are aggregated from individual 


Represents an estimation of reported crime 




(including those submitting less than 12 


state statistics as shown in Table 4. Crime 


activity for Index offenses at the: 




months). 


statistics include estimated offense totals for 


1. national level 






agencies submitting less than 12 months of 


2. regional level 






offense reports for 1981. Population statistics 


3. division level 






represent April 1 preliminary counts for 1980 


4. state level 






and July 1 provisional estimates for 1981. The 


Any comparison of UCR statistics should 






tabular breakdowns are according to UCR crime 


take into consideration demographic dif- 






definitions (App. II). 


ferences. 


4 


All law enforcement agencies in the UCR Program 


Crime statistics include estimated offense totals for 


Represents an estimation of reported crime 




(including those submitting less than 12 months 


agencies submitting less than 12 months of 


activity for Index offenses at the state 




for 1981). 


offense reports. Population statistics represent 


level. Any comparison of UCR statistics 






July 1, 1981, Bureau of the Census provisional 


should take into consideration demograph- 






estimates. Statistics under the heading "Area 


ic differences. 






Actually Reporting" represent reported offense 








totals for agencies submitting 12 months of 








offense reports and estimated totals for agencies 








submitting less than 12 but more than 2 months 








of offense reports. The statistics under the head- 








ing "Estimated Totals" represent the above plus 








estimated offense totals for agencies having less 








than 3 months of offense reports. The tabular 








breakdowns are according to UCR definitions 








(App. II). 




5 


All law enforcement agencies submitting complete 


"Cities and Towns" are defined to be agencies in 


Represents reported crime activity of indi- 




reports for all months in 1981. 


Population Groups I through V (App. III). The 


vidual agencies in cities and towns 10,000 






populations are July 1, 1981, estimates for each 


and over in population. Any comparison 






agency. 


of UCR statistics should take into consid- 
eration demographic differences. 


6 


All university/college law enforcement agencies 




Represents reported crime for individual uni- 




submitting complete reports for all months in 




versity/college law enforcement agencies 




1981. 




listed alphabetically by state. Totals are 
supplied for violent and property crimes. 


7 


All law enforcement agencies submitting complete 


"Suburban Counties" are defined as the areas cov- 


Represents crime reported to individual law 




reports for all months in 1981. 


ered by noncity agencies within an SMSA (App 


enforcement agencies in suburban coun- 






III). 


ties. Any comparison of UCR statistics 
should take into consideration demograph- 
ic differences. 


8 


All law enforcement agencies submitting complete 


"Rural Counties" are those outside SMSAs and not 






reports for all months in 1981. 


covered by city police agencies (App. Ill) 


enforcement agencies in rural counties 






Population classifications of rural counties are 


over 25,000 population. Any comparison 






based on July 1. 1981. estimates for individual 


of UCR statistics should take into consid- 






agencies. 


eration demographic differences. 



313 



All law enforcement agencies submitting complete 
reports for at least 6 common months in 1980 and 
1981. 



All law enforcement agencies submitting complete 
reports for all months in 1981. 



All law enforcement agencies submitting comple 
reports for at least 6 months in 1981. 



All law enforcement agencies submitting complete 
reports for at least 6 months in 1981. 



All law enforcement agencies in the UCR Program 
(including those submitting less than 12 monthi 



All law enforcement agencies submitting at least 
months in 1981. 



All law enforcement agencies submitting annual 
reports in 1972 and all months in 1981. 



All law enforcement agencies submitting complete 
reports for at least 6 common months in 1977 and 
1981. 

All law enforcement agencies submitting complei 
reports for at least 6 common months in 1980 and 



All law enforcement agencies submitting complete 
reports for at least 6 months in 1981. 



The 1981 crime trend statistics are 2-year compari- 
sons based on 1981 reported crime activity. Only 
common reported months for individual agencies 
are included in 1981 trend calculations. Popula 
tions represent July I, 1981, estimates for Individ 
ual agencies. The ubular breakdowns are ac 
cording to UCR crime definitions (App. 11) and 
population classifications (App. Ill) Note that 
"Suburban and Nonsuburban Cities" ar 
municipal agencies other than core citn 
SMSAs. 

The 1981 crime rates are the ratios of the aggregated 
1981 crime volumes and the aggregated 1981 
populations of the contributing agencies. Popula- 
tion statistics represent July I, 1981, estimates for 
individual agencies. The tabular breakdowns 
according to UCR crime definitions (App. II) 
and population classifications (App. III). Note 
that "Suburban and Nonsuburban Cities" are all 
municipal agencies other than core citt 
SMSAs. 

Offense total and value lost total are computed for 
all Index offense categories other than aggravat 
ed assault. Percent distribution is derived based 
on offense total with each Index offense Trend 
statistics are derived based on agencies wit 
least 6 common months complete for 1980 



The 1981 clearance rates are based on offense and 
clearance volume totals of the contributing agen- 
cies for 1981. Population statistics represent July 
1, 1981, estimates for individual agencies. The 
tabular breakdowns are according to UCR crime 
definitions (App. II) and population classifica 
tions (App. III). 
The arrest totals presented are national estimates 
based on the arrest statistics of all law enforce- 
ment agencies in the UCR Program (including 
those submitting less than 12 months). The 
"Total Estimated Arrests" statistic is the sum of 
estimated arrest volumes for each of the 29 
offenses. Each individual arrest total is the 
of the estimated volumes within each of the eight 
population groups (App. III). Each group' 
estimate is the reported volume (as shown i 
Table 24) divided by the percent of total group 
population reporting (according to July 
estimates). 

The 1981 arrest rates are the ratios, per 100,000 
inhabitants, of the aggregated 1981 reported 
arrest statistics and population. The 
statistics represent the July 1, 1981, estimates for 
individual agencies. The tabular breakdow 
according to UCR crime definitions (App. II) 
and population classifications (App. III). 
The arrest trends are the percentage differences 
between 1972 and 1981 arrest volumes aggre 
gated from all common agencies. Populatior 
statistics represent July I, 1981, estimates. 
The arrest trends are the percentage differences 
between 1977 and 1981 arrest volumes 
gated from common agencies. Population 
tics represent July 1, 1981, estimates. 
The arrest trends are 2-year comparisons be 

1980 and 1981 arrest volumes aggregated from 
common agencies. Population statistics represent 
July 1, 1 



Slight decrease in national coverage for Table 
12 due to editing procedure and lower 
submission rate. 



Slight decrease in national coverage for Tabk 
16 due to editing procedure and lowei 
submission rate. 



Aggravated assault is excluded from the table 
For UCR Program purposes, the taking o 
money or property in connection with ai 
assault is reported as a robbery. 



Slight decrease in coverage for Tables 36 ai 
37 due to editing procedure and low 
submission of race and ethnic origin dal 



(1) 


(2) 
Data Base 


(3) 
Table Construction 


(4) 
General Comments 


38, 42 


All city law enforcement agencies submitting com- 
plete reports for at least 6 common months in 
1980 and 1981. 


The 1981 city arrest trends represent the percentage 
differences between 1980 and 1981 arrest vol- 
umes aggregated from common city agencies. 
"City Agencies" are defined as agencies within 
Population Groups I-VI (App. III). 




39-41, 43, 44 


All city law enforcement agencies submitting com- 
plete reports for at least 6 months in 1981. 


"City Agencies" are defined as agencies within 
Population Groups I-VI (App. III). 


Slight decrease in coverage for Tables 43 and 
44 due to editing procedure and lower 
submission of race and ethnic origin data. 


45, 49 


All suburban county law enforcement agencies 
submitting complete reports for at least 6 com- 
mon months in 1980 and 1981. 


1981 suburban county trends represent percentage 
differences between 1980 and 1981 volumes 
aggregated from contnbuting agencies. "Subur- 
ban Counties" are defined as the areas covered 
by noncity agencies within an SMSA (App.III). 




46-48, 50, 51 


All suburban county law enforcement agencies 
submitting complete reports for at least 6 months 
in 1981. 


"Suburban Counties" are defined as the areas cov- 
ered by noncity agencies within an SMSA (App. 
III). 


Slight decrease in coverage for Tables 50 and 
51 due to editing procedure and lower 
submission rate. 


52, 56 


All rural county law enforcement agencies submit- 
ting complete reports for at least 6 common 
monthsm 1980 and 1981. 


1981 rural county trends represent percentage differ- 
ences between 1980 and 1981 volumes aggre- 
gated from contributing agencies. "Rural Coun- 
ties" are defined as noncity agencies outside 
SMSAs (App. III). 




53-55, 57, 58 


All rural county law enforcement agencies submit- 
ting complete reports for at least 6 months in 

1981. 


"Rural Counties" are defined as noncity agencies 
outside SMSAs (App. III). 


Slight decrease in coverage for Tables 57 and 
58 due to editing procedure and lower 
submission of race and ethnic origin data. 


59,63 


All suburban area law enforcement agencies submit- 
ting complete reports for at least 6 common 
months in 1980 and 1981. 


1981 suburban area arrest trends represent percent- 
age differences between 1980 and 1981 arrest 
volumes aggregated from contributing agencies. 
"Suburban Area" is defined as counties and cities 
with fewer than 50,000 inhabitants within 
SMSAs (App. III). 




60-62, 64, 65 


All suburban area law enforcement agencies submit- 
ting complete reports for at least 6 months in 
1981. 


"Suburban Area" is defined as counties and cities 
with fewer than 50,000 inhabitants within 
SMSAs (App. III). 


Slight decrease in coverage for Tables 64 and 
65 due to editing procedure and lower 
submission of race and ethnic origin data. 


66 


All law enforcement agencies submitting complete 
reports for at least 6 months in 1981. 


Population statistics represent July 1, 1981, estimates 
for individual agencies. See Appendix III for 
definitions of the population classifications pre- 
sented. 


Data furnished are based upon individual state 
age definitions for juveniles. 



315 



APPENDIX II 
OFFENSES IN UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING 



Offenses in Uniform Crime Reporting are divided into 
two groupings, Part I and Part II. Information on the 
number of Part I offenses known to law enforcement, the 
number cleared by arrest or exceptional means, and the 
number of persons arrested is reported monthly. Only 
arrest data are reported for Part II offenses. 

The Part I offenses are as follows: 

1 . Criminal homicide. — a. Murder and nonnegligent 
manslaughter: the willful (nonnegligent) killing of one 
human being by another. Deaths caused by negligence, 
attempts to kill, assaults to kill, suicides, accidental deaths, 
and justifiable homicides are excluded. Justifiable homi- 
cides are limited to: (1) the killing of a felon by a law 
enforcement officer in the line of duty; and (2) the killing 
of a felon by a private citizen, b. Manslaughter by 
negligence: the killing of another person through gross 
negligence. Excludes traffic fatalities. While manslaughter 
by negligence is a Part I crime, it is not included in the 
Crime Index. 

2. Forcible rape. — The carnal knowledge of a 
female forcibly and against her will. Included are rapes by 
force and attempts or assaults to rape. Statutory offenses 
(no force used — victim under age of consent) are exclud- 
ed. 

3. Robbery. — The taking or attempting to take 
anything of value from the care, custody, or control of a 
person or persons by force or threat of force or violence 
and/or by putting the victim in fear. 

4. Aggravated assault. — An unlawful attack by one 
person upon another for the purpose of inflicting severe or 
aggravated bodily injury. This type of assault usually is 
accompanied by the use of a weapon or by means likely to 
produce death or great bodily harm. Simple assaults are 
excluded. 

5. Burglary-breaking or entering. — The unlawful 
entry of a structure to commit a felony or a theft. 
Attempted forcible entry is included. 

6. Larceny-theft (except motor vehicle theft). — The 
unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of 
property from the possession or constructive possession of 
another. Examples are thefts of bicycles or automobile 
accessories, shoplifting, pocket-picking, or the stealing of 
any property or article which is not taken by force and 
violence or by fraud. Attempted larcenies are included. 



Embezzlement, "con" games, forgery, worthless checks, 
etc., are excluded. 

7. Motor vehicle theft.— The theft or attempted 
theft of a motor vehicle. A motor vehicle is self-propelled 
and runs on the surface and not on rails. Specificall> 
excluded from this category are motorboats, constructioB 
equipment, airplanes, and farming equipment. 

8. Arson. — Any willful or malicious burning or 
attempt to burn, with or without intent to defraud, i 
dwelling house, public building, motor vehicle or aircraft 
personal property of another, etc. 

The Part II offenses are: 

9. Other assaults (simple). — Assaults and attemptec 
assaults where no weapon was used and which did no; 
result in serious or aggravated injury to the victim. 

10. Forgery and counterfeiting. — Making, altering 
uttering, or possessing, with intent to defraud, anything 
false which is made to appear true. Attempts are included 

11. Fraud. — Fraudulent conversion and obtaininj 
money or property by false pretenses. Included an 
larceny by bailee and bad checks, except forgeries anc 
counterfeiting. 

12. Embezzlement. — Misappropriation or misappli 
cation of money or property entrusted to one's care 
custody, or control. 

13. Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing.— 
Buying, receiving, and possessing stolen property, includ 
ing attempts. 

14. Vandalism. — Willful or malicious destruction 
injury, disfigurement, or defacement of any public oi 
private property, real or personal, without consent of th< 
owner or person having custody or control. 

15. Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc. — All viola 
tions of regulations or statutes controlling the carrying, 
using, possessing, furnishing, and manufacturing of deadly 
weapons or silencers. Included are attempts. 

16. Prostitution and commercialized vice. — Sex of 
fenses of a commercialized nature, such as prostitution, 
keeping a bawdy house, procuring, or transporting wom- 
en for immoral purposes. Attempts are included. 

17. Sex offenses (except forcible rape, prostitution^ 
and commercialized vice). — Statutory rape and offenses 
against chastity, common decency, morals, and the like. 
Attempts are included. 



316 



18. Drug abuse violations. — State and local offenses 
elating to narcotic drugs, such as unlawful possession, 
ale, use, growing, and manufacturing of narcotic drugs. 

19. Gambling. — Promoting, permitting, or engag- 
ig in illegal gambling. 

20. Offenses against the family and children. — 

Jonsupport, neglect, desertion, or abuse of family and 
hildren. 

21. Driving under the influence. — Driving or oper- 
ting any vehicle or common carrier while drunk or under 
tie influence of liquor or narcotics. 

22. Liquor laws. — State or local liquor law viola- 
ions, except "drunkenness" (offense 23) and "driving 
nder the influence" (offense 21). Federal violations are 
xcluded. 



23. Drunkenness. — Drunkenness or intoxication. 
Excluded is "driving under the influence" (offense 21). 

24. Disorderly conduct. — Breach of the peace. 

25. Vagrancy.— Vagabondage, begging, loitering, 
etc. 

26. All other offenses. — All violations of state or 
local laws, except offenses 1-25 and traffic offenses. 

27. Suspicion. — No specific offense; suspect re- 
leased without formal charges being placed. 

28. Curfew and loitering laws. — Offenses relating to 
violations of local curfew or loitering ordinances where 
such laws exist. 

29. Runaways. — Limited to juveniles taken into 
protective custody under provisions of local statutes. 



317 



APPENDIX III 
UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING AREA DEFINITIONS 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 

A Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (SMSA) is a 
statistical construct used to define metropolitan areas in a 
uniform manner. It is an integrated economic and social 
unit with a recognized large population nucleus. The 
SMSA concept was developed to facilitate the analysis 
and dissemination of statistical information on metropoli- 
tan areas. The primary objective in establishing standard 
definitions of these areas was to make it possible for 
Federal statistical agencies to utilize the same boundaries 
when publishing statistical data. 

An SMSA always includes a central city (cities) of 
specified population (generally over 50,000) and the 
county (counties) in which it is located. In addition, an 
SMSA also includes contiguous counties when the eco- 
nomic and social relationships between the central and 
contiguous counties meet specified criteria of metropoli- 
tan character and integration. An SMSA may cross state 
lines. In New England, SMSAs are composed of cities and 
towns instead of counties. 
Community Types 

Uniform Crime Reporting data are often presented 
using three community-type aggregations. These are 
SMSA, Other Cities, and Rural Counties. 

SMSAs made up approximately 75 percent of the total 
United States population in 1981. In addition to the core 
city (cities), an SMSA includes suburban cities and 
suburban counties. Together these two groups make up 
the suburban area. A suburban area includes cities with 
less than 50,000 inhabitants in addition to counties (unin- 
corporated areas) within the SMSA. 

"Other Cities", most of which are incorporated, are 
those outside SMSAs. They comprised 10 percent of the 
1981 population of the United States. 

Rural counties, which are those outside SMSAs, com- 
prised 15 percent of the 1981 national population. Their 
population figures exclude areas covered by city police 
agencies. 

The following diagram illustrates the aforementioned 
discussion of the community types.' 



'In New England, "town" instead of "county" is used to describe 
SMSAs. These towns do not coincide generally with established 
reporting units; therefore, metropolitan state economic areas are used in 





SMSA 


NON-SMSA 


CITIES 


CORE CITIES 
OVER 50,000 


OTHER 
CITIES 


SUBURBAN 
CITIES 


COUNTIES 

(unincorporated area) 


SUBURBAN 
COUNTIES 


RURAL 

COUNTIES 



Population Groups 

The population group classifications used by the UCR 
Program are as follows: 



Population Group 

I 

II 



III 

IV 

V 

VI 

VIII (Rural County) .. 

IX (Suburban County) 



Political 
Label 

. . City 
..City 

. . City 
. . City 
..City 
. . City 
. . County 
. . County 



Population 
Range 
250,000 and over 
100,000 to 

249,999 
50,000 to 99,999 
25,000 to 49,999 
10,000 to 24,999 
Less than 10,000 
N/A 
N/A 



The major source of UCR data is the individual law 
enforcement agency. The number of agencies included in 
each population group will vary slightly from year to year 
due to population growth, geopolitical consolidation, 
municipal incorporation, etc. The following table shows 
the number of UCR contributing agencies within each 
population group for 1981: 

Number of 
Agencies 

57 

115 

297 

633 

1,635 

7,747 

3,674 



Population 
Group 

I 

II 

III 

IV 

V 

VI 

VIII (Rural County) 

IX (Suburban County) 1,534 



Total 



15,692 



Regions and Divisions 

Geographically, the United States is comprised of four 
regions: the Northeastern States, the North Central States, 
the Southern States, and the Western States. These 

tabulations for New England since they encompass an entire county oi 
counties. 



318 



regions are further divided into nine divisions. The 
following table delineates the regional, divisional, and 
state configuration of the country. 

NORTHEASTERN STATES 



SOUTHERN STATES 



New England 


Middle Atlantic 


Connecticut 


New Jersey 


Maine 


New York 


Massachusetts 


Pennsylvania 


New Hampshire 




Rhode Island 




Vermont 




NORTH CENTRAL STATES 


East North Central 


West North Central 


Illinois 


Iowa 


Indiana 


Kansas 


Michigan 


Minnesota 


Ohio 


Missouri 


Wisconsin 


Nebraska 




North Dakota 




South Dakota 



South Atlantic* 


East South Central 


Delaware 


Alabama 


Florida 


Kentucky 


Georgia 


Mississippi 


Maryland 


Tennessee 


North Carolina 


West South Central 


South Carolina 


Arkansas 


Virginia 


Louisiana 


West Virginia 


Oklahoma 




Texas 


•Includes District of Columbia. 


WESTERN STATES 


Mountain 


Pacific 


Arizona 


Alaska 


Colorado 


California 


Idaho 


Hawaii 


Montana 


Oregon 


Nevada 


Washington 


New Mexico 




Utah 




Wyoming 





319 



APPENDIX IV 
10-YEAR TRENDS IN CRIME, 1972-1981 



This appendix presents quarterly crime data for the 10- 
year period, 1972-1981, and examines crime trends and 
seasonal patterns. The approach taken herein supplements 
year-to-year percent change comparisons and yields a 
generalized perspective of the movement of crime. 

While a particular offense may possess a number of 
traits or attributes in common with other crimes, each 
offense has its own unique patterns and characteristics. 
These traits are ultimately reflected in the movement of a 
particular offense over time. 

Quarterly crime rates for the Crime Index total, violent 
crime total, property crime total, and each Index offense 
were computed for the period 1972-1981. Data from 
agencies having submitted all 12 months of crime reports 
and the corresponding jurisdictional populations were 
used in the computations. Statistics on arson are not 
included in the appendix since the collection of data on 
this crime did not commence until April of 1979. Popula- 
tion figures were not adjusted to account for possible 
quarterly changes. 

The first quarter of 1972 was selected as the base period 
and the crime rate corresponding to that period was 
equated to 100. The "relative" quarterly crime rates 
resulting from this standardization process are presented 
both in tabular and graphic form. 

As a first step in smoothing the data and ascertaining 
the trends for the various crime categories under consid- 
eration, 4-quarter moving averages were computed. The 
results of these computations are presented in both tabular 
and graphic form. On the graphs, the moving averages are 
depicted by dotted lines, whereas the relative crime rates 
are represented by solid lines. 



Seasonal indices depicting the effect of seasonal fluctua- 
tions were computed and are shown at the end of this 
appendix. For each crime category, quarterly seasonal 
indices denote the average ratio of the relative crime rates 
to the corresponding moving average values. To illus- 
trate, a seasonal index of 107.6 indicates that the relative 
crime rates for that particular quarter are, on the average, 
7.6 percent higher than the corresponding moving aver- 
age trend values. Any seasonal index (e.g., 92.0) with a 
value less than 100.0 indicates that the quarter under 
consideration was, on the average, some percent (in this 
case 8.0) below the corresponding moving average trend 
values. 

The 1981 moving average decreased, indicating the 
possible existence of a stable pattern or the start of a 
pattern of decline. However, at this time, it is not feasible 
to definitively ascertain the implications of the changing 
data movement in terms of a future pattern or longevity. 

Crime Index Trend and Seasonality 

Between 1972 and 1981, the quarterly relative crime 
rate for the Crime Index total ranged from 97 to 161. The 
low occurred in the first quarter of 1973, while the high 
was reached in the third quarter of 1980. For the 10 years 
under study, the Crime Index total was always lowest in 
the first quarter and highest in the third quarter of each 
year. For the first quarter through the fourth quarter, the 
seasonal indices were 92.0, 99.4, 107.6, and 101.0, respec- 
tively. As explained earlier, the first quarter seasonal 
index (92.0) denotes that the relative crime rates for the 
first quarter were on the average 8.0 percent below the 
corresponding moving average trend values. 



320 



10- Year Trend 



Seasonal 

Relatives 

Relative (percent of 

Crime Moving moving 

Rale Average average) 



1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 

1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 

1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 

1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 

1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 



100 



110 



90.9 
99.5 
107.3 
102.9 



Quarter 


Relative 
Crime 
Rate 


Moving 
Average 


Seasonal 
Relatives 
(percent of 

average) 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


116 
126 
134 
129 


127 
126 
126 
125 


91.2 
99.8 
107.0 
102.8 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


112 
125 
138 
134 


125 
127 
129 
131 


89.0 
98.9 
107.4 
102.2 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


123 
133 
146 
141 


133 
135 
137 
140 


92.5 
98.7 
106.5 
101.2 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


132 
146 
161 
148 


143 
146 
148 
148 


92.1 
100.2 
108.8 
100.1 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


140 
142 
153 
145 


147 
145 


95.2 
97.6 



•Final crime daU for the first and second quarters of 1982 are not available for computing moving averages and seasonal relatives for the last I 



Ten Year Trend by Quarter, 19721981 
CRIME INDEX TOTAL 



REWTIVE CRIME RATE" 
MOVING AVERAGE 




2 3 4 12 3 4 



2 3 4 12 3 4 



"THE FIRST QUARTER OF 1972 IS EQUATED TO 1 



1976 1977 

YEAR AND QUARTER 
IIS USED AS A BASE PERIOD. 



321 



According to the moving average figures, the Crime 
Index total displayed periods of alternating upward and 
downward movement. In 1972, the Crime Index total 
incurred a mild decline. This downturn was followed by a 
period of steady increase (1973 to 1975). Between 1976 
and 1977, the Crime Index again declined. However, from 
1978 through 1980, the Index underwent a period of 
substantial rise. During the first two quarters of 1981, the 
moving average again experienced a decrease. 

Violent Crime Trend and Seasonality 

During the period 1972 to 1981, the quarterly relative 
crime rate for violent crime fluctuated between 100 and 
169. The rate was lowest in the first quarter of 1972 and 
peaked in the third quarter of 1980. Violent crime was 
consistently lowest in the first quarter and usually was 
highest (every year except 1974) in the third quarter. 



The seasonal indices for the first through the fourth 
quarters were 92.3, 97.2, 108.0, and 102.5, respectively. 
(See the last table of this appendix.) These figures and a 
review of the accompanying graph indicate that first and 
second quarterly relative crime rates invariably fell below 
the moving average trend line. 

Except for a decline during 1975 and 1976, the moving 
average registered a steady rise through the end of 1980. 
A decline in the moving average suggests the possibility 
of a stable pattern of violent crimes. 
Property Crime Trend and Seasonality 

From 1972 to 1981, the quarterly relative crime rate for 
property crime fluctuated between 96 and 160. The rate 
was lowest in the first quarter of 1973 and highest in the 
third quarter of 1980. Property crime was always lowest 
in the first quarter (the winter months) and peaked in the 
third quarter (the summer months). 



10-Year Trend and 



Year 


Relative 
Crime 
Quarter Rate 


Moving 
Average 


Relatives 

(percent of 

moving 

average) 


Year 


Quarter 


Relative 
Crime 
Rate 


Moving 
Average 


Relatives 
(percent of 

average) 


1972 


1 January-March 100 

2 April-June 108 

3 July-September 122 

4 October-December 113 


110 
111 
111 
112 


91.0 
97,6 
109.8 
100.5 


1977 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


109 
117 

123 


118 
119 
119 
119 


92.6 
98.7 
107.1 
103.2 


1973 


1 January-March 105 

2 April-June 111 

3 July-September 122 

4 October-December 119 


113 
113 

116 


92.9 
97.8 
106.7 
102.6 


1978 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


109 
119 
134 
133 


120 
122 
125 

128 


90.4 
97.0 
106.7 
103.5 


1974 


1 January-March 108 

2 April-June 117 

3 July-September 135 

4 October-December 138 


118 
122 
127 
130 


91.2 
96.3 
106.4 
106.5 


1979 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


124 
127 
143 
141 


131 
133 
134 
137 


94.9 
95.9 
106.2 
103.1 


1975 


1 January-March 124 

2 April-June 125 

3 July-September 136 

4 October- December 131 


131 
130 
128 
125 


95.0 
96.4 
106.9 
104.6 


1980 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


128 
145 
169 
149 


143 
147 
149 
151 


89.9 
99.0 
113.0 
98.7 


1976 


1 January-March 112 

2 April-June 115 

3 July-September 129 

4 October- December 118 


123 
120 
118 
118 


91.6 
95.6 
109.2 
99.7 


1981 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


140 
145 
157 
150 


149 

148 


94.1 
98.1 


•Final crime data for the first and second quarters of 1982 a 


ire not available for computing moving averages i 


uid seasonal relatives for the last two quarters 


of 1981. 





Ten Year Trend by Quarter, 19721981 
VIOLENT CRIME 





RELATIVE CRIME RATE" — 


















250- 








1 


-250 


225- 




-225 
-200 












175- 


* 




A 




-175 


150- 






-A 


^^ 


-150 


125- 


/^ 


. ^^^ A ^ r:>^"'T 


v/ 




-125 


/^ /~~>t—"''/ 


\-y"\--/—\'y 






100- 


^/>cy^ v^ 


v^ \/ \y 






-100 










75- 










-75 










50- 
25- 










-50 
-25 












0- 










Q 


2 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 


12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 


12 3 4 
1980 


1 2 3 


. 


1972 1973 1974 


1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 


1981 






YEAR AND QUARTER 









•THE FIRST QUARTER OF 1972 IS EQUATED TO 100 AND IS USED AS A BASE PERIOD. 



323 



10-Year Trend and Seasonal Fluctuations by Quarter, 1972-1981 
Property Crime 



1 January-March 

2 April-June 

i July-September 
4 October-December 

1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 

1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 

1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 

1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 







Seasonal 








Relatives 




Relative 




(percent of 




Crime 


Movtng 


movmg 




Rate 


Average 


average) 


Year 


100 


110 


91.0 


1977 


111 


108 


102.3 




115 


106 


108.0 




102 


105 


96.7 




96 


106 


90.5 


1978 



120 


90.9 


125 


99.8 


130 


107.4 


134 


102.5 


136 


93.7 


138 


98.4 


•139 


106.8 


139 


102.5 


138 


93.5 


136 


100.0 


133 


107.8 


130 


99.4 



Quarter 


Relative 
Crime 
Rate 


Moving 
Average 


(percent 
moving 
average 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


117 
127 
135 
129 


128 
127 
126 
126 


91.1 
99.9 
107.0 
102.8 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


112 
126 
139 
134 


126 
127 
129 
131 


88.9 
99.2 
107.5 
102.1 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


123 
134 
146 
141 


133 
135 
137 
140 


92.2 
99.0 
106.5 
100.9 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


132 
146 
160 
148 


143 
146 
148 


92.4 
100.3 
108.3 
100.3 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


139 
141 
153 
144 


146 
145 


95.3 
97.6 



: data for the first and second quarters of 1982 i 



available for computing moving averages and seasonal relatives for the last two quarters of 1 98 1 



Ten Year Trend by Quarter, f 972 1981 
PROPERTYCRIME 



RELATIVE CRIME RATE- 
MOVING AVERAGE 




1976 1977 

YEAR AND QUARTER 



•THE FIRST QUARTER OF 1972 IS EQUATED TO 100 AND IS USED AS A BASE PERIOD. 



The seasonal indices for the four quarters were 92.0, 
?9.6, 107.6, and 100.9, respectively. Accordingly, it is 
apparent that the least seasonal impact was experienced 
during the second and fourth quarters of the years under 
consideration. Strong seasonality was not a characteristic 
3f property crime. 

A review of the moving average trend data reveals that 
property crime registered alternating intervals of decrease 
md increase. During 1972, property crime declined. This 
was followed by a 3-year upward movement over the 
period 1973 to 1975. A downward trend again ensued in 
1976 and 1977. The steady rise that followed continued 
until the latter part of 1980. In 1981, the moving average 
began a gradual decline. 

Murder Trend and Seasonality 

The quarterly relative crime rate for murder fluctuated 
between 97 and 135 during the years 1972 to 1981. The 
low occurred in the second quarter of 1976 and the first 
quarter of 1978, while the high was reached in the third 



quarter of 1980. With the exception of 1981, murder was 
lowest in the first or second quarter of each year and 
peaked in the third or fourth quarter. In 1981, the low 
occurred in the fourth quarter. This exception was caused 
by the changing direction of the trend curve mentioned 
earlier. For the first quarter through the fourth quarter, 
the seasonal indices were 94.5, 94.9, 105.8, and 104.8, 
respectively. (See the last table in this appendix.) Murder 
is one of the violent crimes which is least seasonal. 

During the period under consideration, murder tended 
to move gradually upward. The moving average in- 
creased between 1972 and 1974. Thereafter, a decline 
ensued during 1975 and 1976. The trend again moved 
upward and continued through the end of 1980. In the 
first two quarters of 1981, the moving average turned 
downward, indicating that the overall trend of increase in 
murder has slowed. This follows the general movement of 
violent crimes as mentioned earlier. 









Seasonal 








Seasonal 








Relatives 








Relatives 




Relative 




(percent of 




Relative 




(percent of 




Crime 


Moving 


moving 




Crime 


Moving 


moving 


Year 


Quarter Rate 


Average 


average) 


Year 


Quarter Rate 


Average 


average) 


1972 


I January-March 100 


108 


92.6 


1977 


1 January-March 98 


102 


95.5 




2 April-June 101 


110 


92.6 




2 April-June 99 


104 


95.0 




3 July-September 123 


110 


111.4 




3 July-September 112 


105 


106.3 




4 October-December 114 


112 


101.9 




4 October-December 113 


105 


106.8 


1973 


1 January-March 106 


113 


93.8 


1978 


1 January-March 97 


105 


92.4 




2 April-June 109 


114 


96.0 




2 April-June 101 


105 


96.0 




3 July-September 121 


115 


104.9 




3 July-September 109 


106 


102.8 




4 October-December 123 


116 


105.5 




4 October-December 112 


108 


103.5 


1974 


1 January-March 112 


116 


95.8 


1979 


1 January-March 108 


110 


98.1 




2 April-June 110 


118 


93.5 




2 April-June 107 


113 


95.3 




3 July-September 122 


120 


101.3 




3 July-September 117 


114 


103.3 




4 October-December 134 


121 


110.5 




4 October-December 123 


114 


107.7 


1975 


1 January-March 118 


121 


97.1 


1980 


1 January-March 106 


117 


90.5 




2 April-June 113 


119 


94.7 




2 April-June 113 


119 


94.9 




3 July-September 119 


115 


103.6 




3 July-September 135 


119 


113.5 




4 October-December 119 


111 


107.0 




4 October-December 120 


120 


99.4 


1976 


1 January-March 101 


108 


93.9 


1981 


1 January-March 114 


118 


96.3 




2 April-June 97 


104 


93.3 




2 April-June 112 


115 


97.9 




3 July-September 108 


102 


106.0 




3 July-September 117 


" 






4 October-December 103 


102 


101.2 




4 October-December 111 






•Final cri 


me data for the first and second quarters of 1982 i 


ire not available for computing moving averages 




of 1981. 





Ten Year Trend by Quarter, 1972-1981 
MURDER 



RELATIVE CRIME RATE- 
MOVING AVERAGE 




-250 
-225 
-200 
-175 
-150 
-125 
-100 
-75 
-50 
-25 



12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 



2 3 4 12 3 4 



1972 



1973 



— I — 
1974 



1976 1977 

YEAR AND QUARTER 



' THE FIRST QUARTER OF 1972 IS EQUATED TO 100 AND IS USED AS A BASE PERIOD. 



[i'orcible Rape Trend and Seasonality 

Between 1972 and 1981, the quarterly relative crime 
•ate for forcible rape oscillated between 100 and 209 and 
displayed the highest range of variation/increase of any 
[ndex offense during the period under consideration. The 
•ate was lowest in the first quarter of 1972 and reached a 
ligh in the third quarter of 1980. It will be noted that 
brcible rape invariably was at a low in the winter months 
ind reached a peak in the summer months. Quarterly 
"orcible rape rates are generally characterized by undula- 
;ions with pointed peaks and troughs as will be observed 



from the accompanying graph. The seasonal indices for 
the four quarters were 85.7, 101.9, 117.8, and 94.7, 
respectively, indicating the existence of strong seasonality. 
(See the last table in this appendix.) 

Based on the moving average data, the forcible rape 
trend recorded a steady rise. The upward movement 
stalled in 1980 and was followed by a decline in the first 
two quarters of 1981. This appears to indicate that the 
high increasing rate that characterized forcible rape over 
the years has either slowed or come to a halt. 



10-Year Trend and Seasonal Fluctuations by Quarter, 1972-1981 









Seasonal 








Seasonal 








Relatives 








Relatives 




Relative 




(percent of 




Relative 




(percent of 




Crime 


Moving 


moving 




Crime 


Moving 


moving 


k-ear 


Quarter Rate 


Average 


average) 


Year 


Quarter Rate 


Average 


average) 


[972 


1 January-March 100 


119 


83.8 


1977 


1 January-March 115 


133 


86.9 




2 April-June 116 


117 


99.4 




2 Apnl-June 140 


137 


102.4 




3 July-September 136 


116 


117.1 




3 July-September 166 


140 


118.7 




4 October-December 109 


118 


93.0 




4 October-December 136 


141 


96.4 


1973 


1 January-March 104 


120 


87.0 


1978 


1 January-March 118 


143 


82.5 




2 ApnI-June 126 


123 


102.3 




2 April-June 148 


145 


102.0 




3 July-September 145 


125 


115.8 




3 July-September 175 


148 


118.7 




4 October-December 123 


127 


96.5 




4 October-December 143 


150 


94.9 


1974 


1 January-March 112 


129 


86.4 


1979 


1 January-March 130 


153 


84.9 




2 April-June 132 


131 


100.7 




2 April-June 159 


158 


100.9 




3 July-September 156 


132 


118.1 




3 July-September 187 


162 


115.4 




4 October-December 127 


133 


95.9 




4 October-December 164 


166 


98.7 


1975 


1 January-March 113 


133 


85.1 


1980 


1 January-March 147 


171 


86.0 




2 Apnl-June 137 


132 


104.3 




2 April-June 175 


172 


101.5 




3 July-September 151 


131 


115.1 




3 July-September 209 


172 


121.6 




4 October-December 125 


130 


96.2 




4 October-December 154 


172 


89,6 


1976 


1 January-March 110 


129 


85.7 


1981 


1 January-March 150 


170 


88.2 




2 April-June 128 


128 


100.3 




2 April-June 176 


168 


104.6 




3 July-September 152 


127 


119.1 




3 July-September 192 




• 






130 


90.2 




4 October-December 155 






•Final cri 


ime data for the first and second quarters of 1982 a 


re not available for computing moving averages 


and seasonal relatives for the last two quarters 


of 1981. 





327 



Ten Year Trend by Quarter. 1972-1981 
FORCIBLERAPE 



RELATIVE CRIME RATE- 
MOVING AVERAGE 



-250 

-225 
-200 
-175 
-150 
-125 




0-!-r 



12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 



— I — 
1972 



1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 

YEAR AND QUARTER 
'THE FIRST QUARTER OF 1972 IS EQUATED TQ 100 AND IS USED AS A BASE PERIQD. 



-I— I — I— I — I — r— I — I I I I — I — I — I I I I I 
2 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 
— 1 ' ' 1 ' ' 1 ' ' 1 ' ' ^ ' 



328 



Robbery Trend and Seasonality 

During the 10-year period, 1972 to 1981, the quarterly 
•elative crime rate for robbery varied between 87 and 145. 
[lobbery was not marked by much seasonality nor by high 
ncreases. It generally bottomed out in the second quarter 
ind peaked in the fourth quarter (not in the third quarter 
is the other violent crimes). Study of the accompanying 
jraph indicates that quarterly relative robbery rates were 
iistinguished by single peaks and single troughs. For the 
Irst quarter through the fourth quarter, the seasonal 



indices were 97.7, 89.9, 101.9, and 110.5, respectively. (See 
the last table in this appendix.) 

The moving average robbery trend was relatively stable 
during 1972 and 1973. This dormant interval was succeed- 
ed by an upward movement that persisted until 1975. The 
robbery trend declined between the second quarter of 
1975 and the end of 1977, but was followed by an upturn 
that lasted through the end of 1980. In the second quarter 
of 1981, the moving average evidenced a slight decline, 
suggesting that the trend of increase has either decelerated 
or come to a standstill. 







10-Year Trend and Seasonal Fluctuations by Quarter, 1972-1981 
Robbery 








k-ear 


Quarter 


Relative 
Crime 
Rate 


Moving 
Average 


Seasonal 
Relatives 
(percent of 

average) 


Year 


Quarter 


Relative 
Crime 
Rate 


Moving 
Average 


Seasonal 
Relatives 
(percent of 
moving 
average) 


1972 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October- December 


100 
98 
112 
112 


104 
106 
106 
106 


962 
93.1 
105.9 
106.3 


1977 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


99 
90 
98 
109 


100 
99 
98 
97 


98.2 
90.9 
99.5 
112.4 


1973 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

4 October-December 


102 
95 
107 
115 


105 
104 
104 
105 


97.2 
91.0 
102.2 
109.2 


1978 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


93 
87 
101 
116 


97 
98 
101 
104 


96.0 
88.2 
99.5 
111.4 


1974 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


101 

103 
121 
145 


108 
114 
121 

125 


92.9 
90.7 
100.6 
116.1 


1979 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


109 
95 
109 
123 


107 
108 
110 
113 


102.8 
87.9 
99.3 

109.5 


1975 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


127 
109 
122 
130 


126 
124 
120 
115 


100.8 
88.2 
101,9 
113.2 


1980 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


114 
114 
137 
142 


118 

124 
129 
132 


96.0 
91.7 
106.1 
107.5 


1976 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


107 
93 
105 
111 


111 
107 
103 
102 


96.6 
87.2 
102.2 
109.3 


1981 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


132 
119 

132 
142 


132 
131 


100.4 
90.4 



•Final crime data for the first and second quarters of 1982 are not available for computing moving averages and seasonal relatives for the last two quarters of 1981 



Ten Year Trend by Quarter. 19721981 
ROBBERY 



RELATIVE CRIME RATE* 
MOVING AVERAGE 



-250 
-225 
-200 
-175 
-150 
-125 
-100 
-75 
-50 




2 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 

_l 1 I 1 1 I 1 1 I 1 r 



1975 



1976 1977 

YEAR AND QUARTER 



•THE FIRST QUARTER OF 1972 IS EQUATED TO 100 AND IS USED AS A BASE PERIOD. 



Aggravated Assault Trend and Seasonality 

The quarterly relative crime rate for aggravated assault 
ranged from 100 to 203 during the period 1972 to 1981. 
Aggravated assault has shown a substantial increase 
during the last decade. The rate was lowest in the first 
quarter of 1972 and highest in the third quarter of 1980. It 
will be observed that aggravated assault bottomed out in 
the first quarter of each year and reached a peak in the 
third quarter. As was the case with forcible rape and 
robbery, aggravated assault quarterly relative crime rates 
were represented by single peaks and troughs. The 



seasonal indices for the first quarter through the fourth 
quarter were 88.2, 103.4, 112.3, and 96.1, respectively. 
(See the last table in this appendix.) 

The moving average trend was generally characterized 
by a steady upward movement that began in 1972 and 
continued through 1980. It will be observed that the 
aggravated assault trend was fairly stable between the 
latter part of 1974 and early 1977. In 1981, the trend in 
aggravated assault moved downward. This is consistent 
with the movement of other violent offenses as mentioned 
earlier. 



10-Year Trend and Seasonal Fluctuations by Quarter, 1972-1981 
Aggravated Assault 



Year 


Relative 
Crime 
Quarter Rate 


Moving 
Average 


Seasonal 
Relatives 
(percent of 
moving 
average) 


Year 


Quarter 


Relative 
Crime 
Rate 


Moving 
Average 


Seasonal 
Relatives 
(percent of 
moving 
average) 


1972 


1 January-March 100 

2 April-June 119 

3 July-September 132 

4 October-December 114 


116 
117 
117 
119 


86.1 
102.2 
112.8 

95.3 


1977 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


122 
146 
159 
138 


138 
140 


88.5 
104.8 
111.8 

96.6 


1973 


1 January-March 108 

2 April-June 127 

3 July-September 137 

4 October-December 122 


121 
122 
124 
126 


89.2 
104.0 
110.0 

96.9 


1978 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


126 
152 
168 
152 


154 


86.9 
103.1 
111.0 

98.4 


1974 


1 January-March 115 

2 Apnl-June 132 

3 July-September 148 

4 October-December 132 


128 
130 
133 
135 


89.9 
101.5 
111.2 

97.4 


1979 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


140 
161 
177 
160 


156 
159 
160 
163 


89.7 
101.6 
110.5 

98.4 


1975 


1 January-March 124 

2 April-June 143 

3 July-September 152 

4 October-December 132 


137 
138 
137 
136 


90.1 
104.1 
111.0 

97.0 


1980 


2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


144 
180 
203 
158 


168 
171 
172 
172 


85.3 
105.0 
117.9 

92.1 


1976 


1 January-March 119 

2 April-June 139 

3 July-September 154 

4 October-December 126 


136 
135 
135 
136 


87.4 
102.8 
114.3 

92.6 


1981 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


150 
173 
182 
160 


169 
166 


89.0 
104.3 


•Final en 


me data for the first and second quarters of 1982 a 


ire not available for computing moving averages 


and seasonal relatives for the last two quarters 


of 1981. 





Ten Year Trend by Quarter, 19721981 
AGGRAVATED ASSAULT 



RELATIVE CRIME RATE- 
MOVING AVERAGE 




-75 
■50 



12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 



1972 



1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 

YEAR AND QUARTER 
•THE FIRST QUARTER OF 1972 IS EQUATED TO 100 AND IS USED AS A BASE PERIOD. 



332 



Burglary Trend and Seasonality 

Between 1972 and 1981, the quarterly relative crime 
rate for burglary fluctuated between 99 and 148. The low 
occurred in the first quarter of 1973, while the high was 
reached in the third quarter of 1980. Burglary peaked 
(with the exception of 1981) in the second half of each 
year throughout the decade under study. In 1981, the high 
took place in the first quarter. The accompanying chart 
reveals that burglary quarterly relative crime rate data 
were characterized by dual peaks and troughs. The 
seasonal indices for the first quarter through the fourth 



quarter were 96.6, 95.1, 104.5, and 103.7, respectively. 
(See the last table in this appendix.) 

The moving average curve gradually declined during 
1972. This was followed by an upturn that lasted until the 
first quarter of 1975. A drop again ensued that continued 
up to the begmning of 1977. The moving average 
remained stable throughout 1977 and the first quarter of 
1978, after which the trend again moved upward. This rise 
continued until the end of 1980. In 1981, the moving 
average figures again evidenced a decrease. 



10-Year Trend and Seasonal Fluctuations by Quarter, 1972-1981 











Seasonal 










Seasonal 










Relatives 










Relatives 






Relative 




(percent of 






Relative 




(percent of 






Crime 


Moving 


moving 






Crime 


Moving 


moving 


Year 


Quarter 


Rate 


Average 


average) 


Year 


Quarter 


Rate 


Average 


average) 


1972 


1 January-March 


100 


105 


94.9 


1977 


1 January-March 


112 


117 


95.5 




2 April-June 


102 


104 


97.7 




2 April-June 


111 


117 


95.0 




3 July-September 


108 


103 


105.4 




3 July-September 


123 


117 


105.0 




4 October-December 


101 


102 


98.8 




4 October-December 


124 


117 


105.6 


1973 


1 January-March 


99 


103 


96.2 


1978 


1 January-March 


110 


117 


93.8 




2 April-June 


100 


106 


94.8 




2 April-June 


112 


118 


94.7 




3 July-September 


114 


110 


104.2 




3 July-September 


125 


119 


104.7 




4 October-December 


118 


113 


104.7 




4 October-December 


127 


121 


104.6 


1974 


1 January-March 


112 


117 


95.5 


1979 


1 January-March 


118 


122 


96.7 




2 April-June 


116 


122 


94.6 




2 April-June 


117 


123 


94.7 




3 July-September 


132 


128 


103.6 




3 July-September 


129 


125 


103.5 




4 October-December 


140 


131 


106.4 




4 October-December 


131 


128 


102.0 


1975 


1 January-March 


134 


133 


100.8 


1980 


1 January-March 


128 


132 


96.9 




2 April-June 


124 


132 


93.6 




2 April-June 


131 


136 


96.4 




3 July-September 


135 


130 


103.7 




3 July-September 


148 


140 


105.7 




4 October-December 


134 


127 


105.2 




4 October-December 


146 


141 


103.7 


1976 


1 January-March 


120 


125 


96.0 


1981 


1 January-March 


139 


139 


99.9 




2 April-June 


116 


122 


95.1 




2 April-June 


129 


137 


94.5 




3 July-September 


126 


120 


104.9 




3 July-September 


138 


* 


* 




4 October-December 


121 


118 


102.4 




4 October-December 


135 






•Final cri 


me data for the first and second q 


uartersofl982 


are not available for computing 


moving averages 


and seasonal relatives for the last two quarters 


of 1981. 





Ten-Year Trend By Quarter, 1972-1981 
BURGLARY 



RELATIVE CRIME RATE- 
MOVING AVERAGE 




I I I I 



12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 



1972 



1973 



1974 



1975 



1976 1977 

YEAR AND QUARTER 
' THE FIRST QUARTER OF 1972 IS EQUATED TO 100 AND IS USED AS A BASE PERIOD. 



2 3 4 12 3 4 12 3 4 

— I ' ' 1 ' 1 ' 

1978 1979 1980 



-250 
-225 
-200 
-175 
-150 
-125 
-100 

— 75 

— 50 

- 25 

- 



Larceny-Theft Trend and Seasonality 

The quarterly relative crime rate for larceny-theft 
fluctuated between 94 and 177 during the period 1972 to 
1981. The rate was lowest in the first quarter of 1973 and 
highest in the third quarter of 1980. Larceny-theft 
bottomed out (with the exception of 1976) in the first 
quarter and peaked in the third quarter of each year. In 
1976 larceny-theft was lowest in the fourth quarter. It will 
be noted from the accompanying graph that the configu- 
ration of quarterly relative larceny-theft rates was charac- 
terized by single peaks and troughs. For the first quarter 



through the fourth quarter, the seasonal indices were 89.3, 
102.4, 109.3, and 98.9, respectively. (See the last table in 
this appendix.) 

The larceny-theft trend was marked by alternating 
periods of upward and downward movement. In 1972, the 
moving average figures experienced a decline. This was 
followed by a period of increase that started in the second 
quarter of 1973 and continued into early 1976. Subse- 
quently, the trend decreased until the end of 1977. A rise 
again ensued in 1978 and continued through 1980. In the 
first two quarters of 1981, the trend moved downward. 



10- Year Trend and Seasonal Fluctuations by 
Larceny-tbeft 









Seasonal 










Seasonal 








Relatives 










Relatives 


Year 


Relative 
Crime 
Quarter Rate 


Moving 
Average 


(percent of 
moving 
average) 


Year 


Quarter 


Relative 
Crime 
Rate 


Moving 
Average 


(percent of 
moving 
average) 


1972 


1 January-March 100 

2 April-June 117 

3 July-September 120 

4 October-December 102 


113 

109 
108 


88.4 
105.5 
110.0 

94.5 


1977 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


125 
143 
149 
138 


141 
139 
138 
137 


88.7 
102.5 
108.0 
101.0 


1973 


1 January-March 94 

2 April-June 113 

3 July-September 127 

4 October-December 116 


108 
111 
115 
119 


86.8 
102.2 
111.1 

97.1 


1978 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


118 
141 

154 
145 


137 
139 
141 
144 


86.2 
101.8 
109.0 
100.6 


1974 


1 January-March 110 

2 April-June 135 

3 July-September 149 

4 October-December 140 


125 
131 
136 
140 


88.1 
103.6 
109.7 

99.9 


1979 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


131 
151 
163 
154 


146 
149 
151 
154 


89.5 
101.5 
108.1 
100.0 


1975 


1 January-March 129 

2 April-June 150 

3 July-September 164 

4 October-December 154 


144 
147 
151 
153 


89.7 
101.6 
108.4 
100.4 


1980 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


142 
164 
177 
159 


157 
160 
161 
161 


89.9 
102.7 
109.5 

98.6 


1976 


1 January-March 143 

2 April-June 157 

3 July-September 163 

4 October-December 141 


154 
153 
149 
145 


92.6 
102.9 
109.4 

97.6 


1981 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


149 
158 
171 
159 


160 
159 


92.9 
99.2 


•Final cri 


me data for the first and second quarters of 1982 a 


ire not available for computing m 


loving averages 


and seasonal relatives for the last two quarters of 1 98 1 . 





Ten-Year Trend By Quarter. 19721981 
LARCENY THEFT 





RELATIVE CRIME RATE' 


-250 




250- 




225- 
200- 
175- 
150- 
125 — 
100- 
75- 
50- 












— 175 


/X-7<\ /v /X"f"\-/^ 


-150 


p<J ^ \/^/"" V 


125 


A:-A^ 


100 


Ny 


75 




- 50 










0- 




n 


\\\/^/^\\\/^\\\\\\\^\\\/l^\\i^\\l^\\l\\\l\ 


4 



1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 

YEAR AND QUARTER 
* THE FIRST QUARTER OF 1972 IS EQUATEO TQ 100 AND IS USEO AS A BASE PERIQO. 



336 



Motor Vehicle Theft Trend and Seasonality 

The motor vehicle theft quarterly relative crime rate 
ranged between 90 and 119, the lowest range of variation 
of any Index offense during the 10-year period under 
study. The low occurred in the first quarter of 1978, while 
the high was reached in the third quarter of 1980. Motor 
vehicle theft was lowest in the first quarter (the winter 
months) and highest in the third quarter (the summer 
months) of each year. It will be observed from a review of 
the accompanying chart that the quarterly relative crime 
rate data are generally characterized by dual peaks and 



single troughs, a departure from the types of configura- 
tions distinguishing the other Index crimes. The seasonal 
indices for the first quarter through the fourth quarter 
were 92.6, 97.3, 107.1, and 103.1, respectively. (See the 
last table in this appendix.) 

The moving average was generally stable throughout 
most of the decade under review. Motor vehicle theft had 
the flattest trend curve of any Index offense during the 
1972 to 1981 period. From the second quarter of 1980 to 
the second quarter of 1981, the moving average showed a 
decline. 



1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 

1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 

1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 

1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 

1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 



Relative 
Crime 
Rate 


Moving 
Average 


Relatives 

(percent of 

moving 

average) 


Year 


Quarter 


Relative 
Crime 
Rate 


Moving 
Average 


Relatives 

(percent of 

movmg 

average) 


100 
105 
111 
104 


107 
106 
105 
104 


93.8 
99.6 
106.1 
100.7 


1977 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


92 
99 

107 
105 


100 
100 
100 
100 


92.0 
98.9 
106.7 
104.6 


95 
102 
115 
112 


104 
105 
107 
107 


92.1 
97.1 
107.8 
104.6 


1978 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


90 
98 
109 
108 


100 
101 
103 
105 


89.7 
97.2 
106.5 
102.8 


99 
104 
118 
116 


108 
109 
110 
111 


91.5 
95.9 
107.3 
104.8 


1979 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


101 
105 
116 
113 


107 
108 
109 
110 


94.5 
97.3 
106.4 
103.2 


104 
106 
117 
115 


111 
110 
109 
107 


93.7 
95.7 
107.1 
106.6 


1980 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


103 
108 
119 
106 


110 
110 
109 
107 


93.0 
98.7 
109.4 
99.0 


96 
99 
107 
101 


105 
102 
100 
100 


91.2 
96.5 
106.7 
101.6 


1981 


1 January-March 

2 April-June 

3 July-September 

4 October-December 


99 
101 
109 
104 


105 
103 


94.6 
97.2 



I for the first and second c 



t available for computing moving averages and seasonal relatives for the last two quarters of 1 



Ten-Year Trend By Quarter. 19721981 
MOTOR VEHICLE THEFT 



RELATIVE CRIME RATE" 
MOVING AVERAGE 



2 3 4 12 3 4 12 



2 3 4 1 



i 3 4 1 2 3 4 i 2 3 4 1 2 3 4 i 2 3 4 i 2 3 4 



1972 



1973 



1974 



1975 



1976 1977 

YEAR AND QUARTER 
THE FIRST QUARTER OF 1972 IS EQUATED TO 100 AND IS USED AS A BASE PERIOQ 



Crime Index total 
Violent crime 
Properiy crime 

Murder 

Forcible rape 

Robbery 

Aggravated assault 

Burglary 

Larceny-theft 

Motor vehicle theft 





Quarterly Seasonal Indices by Offense 






Based 


on 1972-1981 DaU 


(1) 






(2) 


January-March 




April-June Jul 


92.0 






99.4 


92.3 






97.2 


92.0 






99.6 


94.5 






94.9 


85.7 






101.9 


97.7 






89.9 


88.2 






103.4 


96.6 






95,1 



-September 


October-December 


107.6 


101.0 


108.0 


102.5 


107.6 


100.9 


105.8 


104.8 


117.8 


94.7 


101.9 


110.5 


112.3 


96.1 


104.5 


103.7 


109.3 


98.9 



400.0 
400.0 
400.0 
400.0 
400.0 
400.0 
400.0 
400.0 
400.0 
400.0 



•Indices may not add to 400.0 



APPENDIX V 
PROBABILITY OF LIFETIME MURDER VICTIMIZATION 



This appendix presents the Hfetime probabiHty of 
irder victimization encountered by United States inhab- 
nts belonging to a particular sex and race category. 
Iditionally, age-specific murder victimization rates (the 
mber of murder victims per 100,000 inhabitants at a 
scific age) are shown. 

In this appendix, the term "murder" refers to the willful 
d nonnegligent killing of one human being by another, 
; definition used by the UCR Program. Attempted 
jrder, justifiable homicide, manslaughter by negligence, 
icide, etc., were excluded from the study. Three types 

data were incorporated into the analysis: homicide 
itistics, life expectancy statistics, and population statis- 
s. The Supplementary Homicide Reports (SHRs) col- 
;ted by the UCR Program for murder incidents during 
s years of 1978, 1979, and 1980 were the source of the 
imicide data. Murder victims reported on the SHRs as 
e unknown or race unknown were not considered in the 
idy. Instead, the 3-year SHR data used were propor- 
mally adjusted to match the combined 1978-1980 
timated murder total as released in Table 2 of Crime in 
? United States — 1980. This adjustment, though minor, 
is necessary since not all murder incidents are reported 
rough the SHR. Life expectancy statistics were ob- 
ned from the 1978 "Life Tables" published by the 
itional Center of Health Statistics, U. S. Department of 
:alth and Human Services. This document is part of the 
ries, Vital Statistics of the United States, 1978, Volume II, 
iction 5. The population data used were the 1980 age- 
ecific population counts released by the U. S. Bureau of 
e Census. 

Utilizing the aforementioned data, the determination of 
e lifetime probability of murder victimization required 
ree steps. First, the 1978 to 1980 SHR data were 
Igregated by age, sex, and race of the victims. Next, 
ireau of the Census population data were applied to the 
erage 3-year murder totals in order to derive age- 
ecific murder victimization rates. These rates (per 
0,000 individuals) were computed for each sex and race. 

the final step, the age-specific murder victimization 
tes were applied to the life expectancy statistics extrapo- 
ted up to age 99. By applying the age-specific murder 
ctimization rates to the number of survivors out of 
10,000 live births in a specific year, the expected number 

murder victims at each age was obtained. The sum of 



the expected age-specific murder victimization figures 
represents the number of murder victims out of 100,000 
live births. This resulting lifetime probability of murder 
victimization represents the probability of being murdered 
in' one's lifetime, assuming the current age-specific murder 
victimization rates and current life expectancy levels hold 
in the future. 

The probability of being murdered is present through- 
out the lifetime of an individual. However, this probability 
differs by sex, race, and age. The lifetime chance of 
becoming a murder victim for a United States citizen is 1 
out of 153. With respect to differences in the chance of 
murder victimization by sex, males have a greater proba- 
bility of becoming victims than females. Specifically, 
males have a 1 out of 100 chance of being murdered; 
however, females have a chance of 1 out of 323. When 
only race is considered, non-Whites have a greater 
probability of being murdered than Whites (1 out of 47 as 
opposed to 1 out of 240). In considering race and sex 
together, non- White males have a higher chance of being 
victimized by homicide than any other group (1 out of 
28). White females, on the other hand, exhibit the lowest 
probability of being murdered (1 out of 450). Additional- 
ly, the two groups, by race and sex, experiencing the most 
comparable chances of being murdered were White males 
and non- White females, 1 out of 164 and 1 out of 117, 
respectively. 

Probability of Lifetime Murder Victimization 





ProbabUity of Lifetime 


Classification 


Murder VictimizaUon 


US, Total 


lout of 153 


Male 


1 out of 100 


Female 


1 out of 323 


White Total 


lout of 240 


Male 


lout of 164 


Female 


1 out of 450 


Non- White loul 


lout of 47 


Male 


lout of 28 


Female 


lout of 117 



As previously mentioned, age is a vital factor in the 
likelihood of a person being murdered. This is evident 
from a review of the accompanying table of age-specific 
murder victimization rates. It will be observed that for 
both males and females, those aged 20 to 30 constitute the 
most murder-prone age group. After the age of 30 and 
until the age of 65, a steady decline occurs in the murder 
victimization rates, and they remain relatively stable after 



339 



the age of 65. When considering the younger ages (12 and the age-specific victimization rates with respect to sex aa 

under), the probability of being a murder victim is highest race are similar. However, males evidence substantial! 

at infancy and lowest between the ages of 5 and 12. higher age-specific victimization rates. For non-Whit 

Starting at age 1 3, a sharp incline is seen through the age males, the rates are inordinately high at all ages, 
of 20, a rise which precedes the aforementioned peak rates 
between the ages of 20 and 30. In general, the variations in 



e-Specific Murder Victimization Rates, United States 



lie per 100,000 inhabitants] 
ear Average, 1978-1980 





All 


Races 




White 


Non-White 


Age 


Male 


Female 


Both Sexes 


Male 


Female 


Both Sexes 


Male 


Female 


Both Sexes 





6.4 


5 1 


5.8 


4.4 


3.5 


3.9 


15.6 


12.2 


13.9 


1 


3.8 


3.1 


3.5 


2.7 


2.1 


2.4 


9.0 


7.9 


8.5 


2 


3.7 


3.2 


3.5 


26 


2.1 


2.3 


9.2 


8.2 


8.7 


3 


2.4 




2.2 


1.5 




1.4 


6.7 


4.9 


5.8 




1.8 


1.7 


1.8 


1.3 


i.2 


1.3 


4,3 


3.9 


4.1 


5 


1.5 


13 


1.4 


1.0 


.9 


1.0 


3.6 


3.2 


3.4 


6 


I.I 


9 


1.0 


.8 


.7 


.7 


2.3 


2.1 


2.2 


7 


1.1 


,9 


1.0 


.9 


.6 


.8 




2.1 


2.2 


8 


.8 


,9 


.9 


.5 


.7 


.6 


2'2 


1.7 


2.0 


9 


.7 


,7 


.7 


.6 


.6 


.6 


1.5 


1.3 


1.4 


10 


9 


g 


.8 


.8 


.6 


.7 


1.7 


1.7 


1.7 


11 


'7 


9 


.8 


.6 


.7 


.7 


1.3 


1.5 


1.4 


12 


1 


1,0 


1.0 


,7 


.8 


.8 


2.1 


2.0 


2.0 


13 


1.5 


1.3 


1.4 


1.0 


.8 


.9 


3.9 


3.6 


3.8 


14 


2.7 


2.0 


2.3 


1.9 


1.5 


1.7 


7.0 


4.1 


5.5 


15 


5,2 


3.0 


4.1 


3.5 


2.3 


2.9 


13.4 


6.2 


9.9 


16 


8.8 


3.4 


6.2 


5.7 


2.6 


4.2 


24.5 


7.5 


16.1 


17 


13.5 


4.4 


9.0 


8.6 


3,4 


6.1 


38.4 


9.0 


23.8 


18 


17.4 


5.9 


11.7 


11.7 


4.6 


8.2 


46.9 


12.7 


29.8 


19 




6.8 


14.1 


14.6 


4.9 


9.8 


56.9 


16.4 


36.4 


20 


23.3 


7.7 


15.5 


14,6 


5.6 


10.2 


71.3 


18.1 


44.0 


21 


25.1 


7.8 


16.5 


14.6 


4.9 


9.8 


84.4 


23.1 


52.9 


22 


28.1 


7.8 


18.0 


16.9 


47 


10.9 


94.5 


24.3 


58.0 


23 


28.7 


7.8 


18.0 


16.8 


4.8 


10.8 


99.9 


23.5 


59.9 


24 


27.9 


7.8 


17.8 


15.6 


4.6 


10. 1 


102.3 


24.6 


61.4 


25 


31,5 


8 1 


19.7 


17.5 


4.8 


11.2 


116.4 


25.7 


68.5 


26 


29 8 


7^4 


18,5 




4.5 


10.4 


113.4 


22.6 


65.2 


27 


28.5 


7.2 


17.8 


15:1 


4.2 


9.7 


111.4 


22.9 


64.4 


28 


28 6 


7.4 


17.9 


16.3 


4.9 


10.7 


106.5 


21.1 


60.8 


29 


266 


6.4 


16.4 


14.4 


3.9 


9 1 


105.2 


20.3 


59.8 


30 


29.9 


7.2 


18.4 


15.6 


3.8 


9.7 


123.2 


26.5 


71.5 


31 


24.3 


5,1 


14.6 


13.4 


3.3 


8.4 


98.0 


15.7 


53.8 


32 


24.5 


5,8 


15.0 


14.1 


3.7 


8.9 


94.6 


18.3 


53.6 


33 


19.4 


4,5 


11.9 


11.3 


2.6 


7.0 


77.3 


16.0 


44.3 


34 


25.9 


6,4 


16.0 


14.1 


4.2 


9.2 


107.2 


19.1 


59.6 


35 


26 1 


59 


15.9 


15.2 


3.6 


9.4 


103.2 


20.2 


58.3 


36 


21.8 


5-7 


13.6 


12.8 


3.9 


8.3 


85.4 


17.0 


48.5 


37 


20.3 


5.2 


12.6 


11.2 


3.3 


7.2 


86.3 


17.8 


49.3 


38 


22.7 


5.9 


14.1 


13.3 


3.5 


8.4 


89.3 


20.3 


51.9 


39 


21.7 


5.2 


13.3 


12.0 


3.7 


7.8 


90.7 


14.6 


49.5 


40 


25 7 


6.0 


15.6 


14.6 


4.4 


9.5 


103.3 


15.9 


56.1 


41 


19.7 


4.4 


11.9 


11.4 


3.2 


7.2 


77.2 


12.0 


42.2 


42 


21.4 


5.9 


13.5 


12.8 


4.2 


8.4 


81.0 


16.0 


45.9 


43 


19.3 


5.1 


12.1 


11.7 


3.4 


7.3 


72.4 


15.3 


41.5 


44 


18.5 


4.5 


11.3 


10.7 


3.2 


6.9 


73.4 


12.4 


40.5 


45 


21 5 


4.7 


13.0 


13.4 


3.2 


8.2 


80.0 


14.5 


44.5 


46 


18.1 


4.9 


11.3 


10.0 


3.7 


6.8 


77.6 


12.8 


42.1 


47 


187 




11.7 


11.4 


4.2 


77 


73.6 


11.0 


39.4 




17.2 


3^9 


10.3 


10.4 


3.0 


6.6 


69.3 


9.7 


36.6 


49 


16.6 


3.7 


10.0 


11.0 


2.8 


6.8 


61.1 


9.6 


33.7 


50 


19.9 


4 2 


11.8 


11.8 


3.4 


7.5 


84.1 


9.9 


43.3 


51 


13.9 


3'9 


8.7 


8.6 


3.2 


5.8 


56.9 


8.8 


30.2 


52 


16.0 


3.6 


9.6 


9.9 


2.3 


6.0 


67.2 


12.4 


36.9 


53 


16.1 


30 


9.2 


10.6 


1.9 


6.1 


62.4 


10.9 


33.9 


54 


13.2 


3.0 


8.8 


7.9 


2.2 


4.9 


58.4 


8.7 


31.1 


55 


14.9 


3.1 


8.7 


9.3 


2.6 


5.8 


63.7 


7.0 


32.7 


56 


12.7 


2.8 


7.5 


8.0 


2.0 


4.8 


54.6 


9.7 


5S-2 


57 


12.5 


2.6 


7.2 


7.9 


1.8 


4.7 


52.9 


9.2 


28.9 


58 


11 6 


2 1 


6.6 


7.6 


1.5 


4.4 


48.1 


6.5 


25.4 


59 


103 


2.5 


6.1 


6.3 


1.8 


3.9 


46.2 


8.7 


25.7 


60 


11.4 


3.1 


7.0 


7.1 


2.3 


4.6 


51.2 


9.7 


28.4 


61 


9.6 


2.1 


5.6 


6.2 


1,5 


3.7 


42.2 


6.5 


22.7 


62 




3.2 


7.0 


7.9 


2,4 


4,9 


44.9 


10.3 


25.7 


63 


'99 


3.0 


6.1 


7.0 


2.2 


4.4 


36.9 


10.2 


22.0 


64 


8.2 


2.4 


5.0 


5.8 




3.6 


11.0 


8.0 


18.0 


65 


10.3 


3.5 


6.5 


6.7 


2.7 


4.5 


43.4 


10.7 


?t? 


66 


7.4 




4.3 


5.3 


1.5 


3.2 


26.9 


3.7 


13.8 


67 


9.3 


2^4 


5.5 


6.7 


2.0 


4.1 


32.5 


5.6 


III 


68 


8.0 


2.8 


5.1 


5.7 


2.1 


3.7 


28.9 


8.7 


17.4 


69 


8.4 


2.5 


5.1 


5.8 


1.7 


3.5 


32.6 


10.0 


19.8 


70 


9 1 


3.0 


5.6 


6.4 


2.5 


4.2 


34.0 


7.9 


19.0 


71 


6.4 


2.7 


4.2 


4.4 


2.3 


3.2 


24.4 


6.3 


14.1 


72 


77 


3.5 


5.2 


5.9 


3.3 


4.4 


25.3 


5.8 


14.1 


73 


6.2 


3.1 


4.3 


4.6 


2.8 


3.5 


21.7 


5.3 


12.3 


74 


7.0 


2.5 


4.3 


4.8 


2.1 


3.2 


27.3 


7.0 


15.2 


75 


6.7 


2.8 


4.3 


4.9 


2.4 


3.4 


23.2 


5.9 


12.9 


76 


6 2 


3 4 


45 


5.1 


2.7 


3.6 


17.4 


10.0 


13.0 


77 


6.4 


3.2 


4.4 


4.7 


2.8 


3.5 


21.8 


7.4 


13.2 


78 


7 1 


4 1 


5.2 


4.3 


3.6 


3.9 


32.2 


9.1 


18.3 


79 


6:5 


3.1 


4.3 


5.4 


2.6 


3.7 


16.7 


7.6 


11.1 


80 


7.0 




5.2 


5.9 


3.1 


4.1 


17.8 


14.8 


16.2 


81 


5 8 


32 


4.1 


5.0 


3.0 


3.7 


13.6 


6.3 


8.9 


82 


8.2 


5.1 


6.2 


7.0 


4.4 


5.3 


21.0 


13.5 


16.3 


83 


11 


3.9 


5.0 


4.4 


3.9 


4.0 


40.8 


4.5 


17.4 


84 


7.2 


3.8 


4.9 


6.0 


3.0 


4.0 


22.7 


16,9 


19.0 


85 


5.7 


4.4 


4.8 


4.2 


3.8 


3.9 


25.0 


13.9 


17.9 



341 



APPENDIX VI 



INDEX OF CRIME, STANDARD METROPOLITAN 
STATISTICAL AREAS, 1981 



Metropolian Statistical Area 



Modified 

Index 
total' 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



AbUencTei. SM.SA. 

(Includes Callahan, Jones, and 
Taylor Counties.) 

City of Abilene 

Total area actually reporting 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Akron, Ohio SA1,SjV. 

(Includes Portage and Summit 
Counties.) 

City of Akron 

Total area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 mhabitanls . 

Albany, Ga. S.M5.A 

(Includes Dougherty and Lee 
Counties.) 

City of Albany 

Total area actually reporting 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . 
Albany— Schenect«dy-Troy, N.Y. 

SMSA 

(Includes Albany, Montgomery, 
Rensselaer, Saratoga, and 
Schenectady Counties.) 
City of: 

Albany 

Schenectady 

Troy 

Total area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . 

Albuquerque, N. Mei. SMSA 

(Includes Bemahllo and Sandoval 
Counties.) 

City of Albuquerque 

Total area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . 

AlIentowB— Bethlehem— Easton, Pa.— 

NJ. SMSA 

(Includes Carbon, Lehigh, and 
Northampton Counties, Pa., 
and Warren County, N.J.) 
City of: 

Allentown 

Bethlehem 

Easton 

Total area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . 

Amarillo, Tex. SJV!.Sj\ 

(Includes Potter and Randall 
Counties.) 

City of Amarillo 

Total area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . 

Anaheim— Santa Au— Garden GroTe, 

Calif. SMSA. 

flncludes Orange County.) 
City of: 

Anaheim 

Santa Ana 

Garden Grove 

Total area actually reporting 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . 
See footnotes at end of table. 



102,275 
68,216 
56,896 
98.3% 

100.0% 

459,718 



104,155 
70,647 
26,157 
91.1% 



18,525 
34,086 
37,169 
5,624.9 



6,172 
6,973 
6,024.1 



5,921 
3,260 
3,270 
32,734 
33,309 
4,172.7 



30,614 
36,539 
7,948.1 



3,051 
1,762 
22,749 
24,037 
3,757.8 



17,288 
31,800 
34,661 
5,245.3 



5,576 
6,334 
5,472.0 



5,269 
3,107 
2,963 
30,661 



6,403 
2,876 
1,629 
21,528 
22,724 
3,552.5 



8,958 
9,456 
5,232,5 



1,255 


15,947 


1,758 


18,954 


909 


8,675 


9,003 


118,971 


455.4 


6,017.5 



9,074 
10,892 
2,369.3 



5,843 
6,736 
2,963 
42,178 
2,133.3 



PPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 1981— Continued 



Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Clime 
Index 
total 



Modified 
Indei 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



Forcible 
rape 



iderson, S.C. SM.SA. 

(Includes Anderson County.) 

City of Anderson 

Total area actually reporting . 

Blimated total 

Rale per 100,000 inhabitants .. 

in Arbor, Mich. SMSJi 

(Includes Washtenaw County.) 

City of Ann Arbor 

Total area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

iniston. Ala. SMSJi. 

(Includes Calhoun County.) 

City of Anniston 

Total area actually reporting , 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100.000 inhabitants ., 
)p]eton— Oshkosb, Wis. SMSA. ... 
(Includes Calumet, Outagamie, and 
Winnebago Counties.) 

City of; 

Appleton 

Oshkosh 

Total area actually reporting . 

Rate per 100,000 mhabitants . 

iheTille, N.C. SJVl.Sj^ 

(Includes Buncombe and Madison 
Counties.) 

City of Asheville 

Total area actually reporting . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . 

liens, Ga. SJVI.SA. 

(Includes Clarke, Jackson, Madison 
and Oconee Counties.) 

City of Athens 

Total area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 mhabitants . 

Junta, Ga. SM.SA 

(Includes Buns, Cherokee, Claylon, 
Cobb. De Kalb, Douglas, 
Fayette. Forsythe. Fulton, 
Gwinnett, Henry. Newton. 
Paulding. Rockdale, and Walton 
Counties.) 

City of Atlanta 

Total area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . 

Jantic aty, NJ 

(Includes Atlantic County.) 

City of Atlantic City 

Total area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . 

ignsta, Ga.-S,C. S.M.Sj^ 

(Includes Columbia and Richmond 
Counties. Ga and Aiken 
County. S.C.) 

City of Augusta 

Total area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . 

istin, Tei. SMSA. 

(Includes Hays, Travis, and 
Williamson Counties.) 

City of Austm 

Total area actually reporting 

Rate per 100.000 inhabitants . 

ikersfield, Calif. S„M,SA. 

(Includes Kern County.) 

City of Bakersfieid 

Total area actually reportmg 

Rate per 100,000 mhabitants . 
See footnotes at end of table. 



46,156 
98.9% 
100.0% 



MI4 
18,523 
7,168.3 



4,195 
6,249 
6,332 
5,211.7 



59,465 


3,736 


50,223 


3,227 


100.0% 


14,557 




4,995.0 


18038 




54,695 


3,709 


92.2% 


5,731 


100.0% 


6.129 




3,399.2 


133,416 




42,722 


4,283 


87.7% 


7,813 


100.0% 


8,738 




6,549.4 



3,576 
16,448 
16,719 
5,054.7 



30,867 
39,378 
7,097.5 



13,655 
34,500 
8,369.2 



10,579 
16.398 
16,543 
797.8 



7,983 
17,238 
6,671.1 



3,590 
5,375 
5,451 
4,4866 



49.990 
139,323 
141.353 
6,817.0 



685 


1,342 


2,286 


3,701 


2,305 


3,743 


,695.9 


2,753.9 



12,528 
31,248 
7.580.3 



3,401 
3,449 
2,838.8 



2,534 
2,367 
10,392 
3,565.8 



2,853 
5,061 
5,593 
4,192.2 



28,966 
82,680 
84,050 
4,053.5 



8,887 
13,956 
7,312.8 



8,504 
8,675 
2,622.7 



19,838 
25,025 
4,510.5 



7,435 
19,021 
4,614.2 



APPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 1981— Continued 



tropolitan Statistical Area 



Index 
total 



Modified 
Index 



and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



Forcible 
rape 



Baltiniore, Md. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Baltimore City and Anne 
Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, 
Harford, and Howard Counties.) 

City of Baltimore 

Total area actually reporting . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . 

Baton Rouge, La, S.M.S.A 

(Includes Ascension, East Baton 
Rouge, Livingston, and West 
Baton Rouge Parishes.) 

City of Baton Rouge 

Total area actually reporting . 

Estimated total 

Rale per 100,000 inhabitants . . 

Battle Creek, Mich. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Barry and Calhoun 
Counties.) 

City of Battle Creek 

Total area actually reporting . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants , . 

Bay City, Mich. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Bay County.) 

City of Bay City 

Total area actually reporting . 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . 

Beaumont— Port Arthur— Orange, Tei. 

SJVI.S.A 

(Includes Hardin, Jefferson, and 
Orange Counties.) 
City of 

Beaumont 

Port Arthur 

Orange 

Total area actually reporting . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . 

BeUingham, Wa. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Whatcom County.) 

City of BeUingham 

Total area actually reporting . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . 

Benton Harbor, Mi, S.M.S.A 

(Includes Bernen County.) 

City of Benlon Harbor 

Total area actually reporting , 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . 

Biloxi— Gulfport, Miss, S.M.S.A 

(Includes Hancock, Harrison, and 
Stone Counties.) 
City of 

Biloxi 

Gulfport 

Total area actually reporting... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . 

Binghamton, N,Y.-Pa. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Broome and Tioga 
Counties, N.Y., and Susquehanna 
County, Pa.) 

City of Binghamton 

Total area actually reporting , 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . , 

Birmingham, Ala. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Jefferson, Saint Clair, 
Shelby, and Walker Counties.) 

City of Birmingham 

Total area actually reporting . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . 

Bismarck, N.D. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Burleigh and Morton 
Counties.) 

City of Bismarck 

Total area actually reporting 
Rate per 100.000 inhabitants . 
See footnotes at end of table. 



49,716 
39,895 
96.5% 



56,023 
99.7% 
100.0% 



286,065 
98.3% 
100.0% 



77,563 
162,366 
7,379.0 



25,917 
37,335 
38,037 



3,748 
10,471 
5,650.6 



122,905 


13,242 


71,457 


4,170 


24,380 


1,958 


100.0% 


25,227 




6,463.7 


107,721 




46,845 


4,127 


100.0% 


6,714 


170^479 


6,232.8 


14,614 


3,235 


100.0% 


12,614 




7,399.2 



34.249 
56,299 
57,196 
6,8308 



2,526 

3,471 

4,307.0 



17,737 
26,622 
1,209.9 



33,358 
33,990 
6,670.3 



1,933 


11,309 


195 


3,775 


273 


1,685 


2,975 


22,252 


762.3 


5,701.4 


174 


3,953 


366 


6,348 


339.8 


5,893.0 


506 


2,729 


1,2.34 


11,380 


723.8 


6,675.3 



30,957 
50,897 
51,712 
6,175.9 



6,229 
12,517 
568.9 



2,073 
2,888 
2,939 
576.8 



2,920 
2,976 
355.4 



18,446 
39,934 
1,814.9 



1,397 

437 

8,123 

2,081.3 



2,298 
2,305 
760.2 



10,128 
16,167 
16,412 



344 



PPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan SUtistical Areas, 1981— Continued 



Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Index 
total 



Modified 
Crime 
Index 
total' 



Murder 
negligent 
slaughter 



Forcible 



Aggra- 
vated 



loomington, Ind. SM.S.A 

(Includes Monroe County.) 

City of Blootnington 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . , , 

loomingtoo— Normal, 111. S.M.S.A 

(Includes McLean County.) 
City of 

Bloomington 

Normal 

Total area actually reporting . . , 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 

loise, Idaho S.M.S.A 

(Includes Ada County.) 

City of Boise 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 

loston, Mass. SJV1.S.A 

includes Essex, Middlesex, Norfolk, 
and Suffolk Counties.) 

City of Boston 

Total area actually reporting .. 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 

Iradenton, Fla. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Manatee County.) 

City of Bradenlon 

Total area actually reporting . . 
Rale per 100,000 inhabitants . . 

Iremerton. Wa. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Kitsap County.) 

City of Bremerton 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

tridgeport. Conn. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Fairfield County.) 

City of Bridgeport 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rale per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

Irockton, Mass, S.M.S.A 

(Includes Plymouth County.) 

City of Brockton 

Total area actually reporting .. 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 
trownsTille — Harllngen — San Benito, 

Fei. S.M,S.A 

(Includes Cameron County.) 
City of 

Brownsville 

Harlingen 

San Benito 

Total area actually reporting . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 
Jryan— CoUege Sution, Tei. S,M.SA. 
(Includes Brazos County.) 
City of 

Bryan 

College Station 

Total area actually reporting . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

Jurlington, N.C. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Alamance County.) 

City of Burlington 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

inton, Ohio S.M.S,A 

(Includes Carroll and Stark 
bounties.) 

City of Canton 

Total area actually reporting . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

Cusper, Wy. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Natrona County.) 

City of Casper 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 
See footnotes at end of table. 



44,720 
35,914 
97.8% 
100.0% 



46,093 
38,836 
lOO.C 



94,716 
91.4% 
100.0% 



5,740 
5,879 
4,892.1 



7,594 
10,562 
6,012.8 



79,643 
194,786 
207,175 
6,323.3 



2,945 
6,426 
(,298.6 



17,360 
50,161 
6,187.4 



7,501 
3,248 
985 
13,423 
6,190.8 



3,366 
2,229 
7,026 
7.217.4 



302 
310 
258.0 



14,071 
24,292 
25,165 



1,689 
3,160 
389.8 



5,438 
5,569 
4,634.2 



65,572 
170,494 
182,010 

5,555.2 



2,776 
6,060 
4,053.7 



15,671 
47,001 
5,797.6 



13,681 
15,212 
3,763.6 



2,208 
3,167 
1,802.9 



5,130 
15,410 
1,900.8 



2,286 
6,447 
7,398 
1,813.6 



1,652 
3,478 
3,560.4 



3,800 
3,886 
3,233.7 



27,137 
79,329 
85,379 
2,605.9 



2,085 
3,883 
2,597.5 



2,934 
9,417 
10,962 
2,687.3 



2,130 
2,825 
3,761.3 



APPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 1981— Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Modified 
Crime 

total' 



Murder 
negligent 
slaughter 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
assault 



U ju- Rapids, Iowa S.M.S.A 

(Includes Linn County.) 

City of Cedar Rapids 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 
Charleston— North Charleston, S.C. 

S.M.S.A 

(Includes Berkeley. Charleston, and 
Dorchester Counties.) 
City of: 

Charleston 

North Charleston 

Total area actually reporting . . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 

Charleston, W. Va. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Kanawha and Putnam 
Counties.) 

City of Charleston 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 

Charlotte— Gastonia, N.C. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Gaston, Mecklenburg, and 
Union Counties.) 
City of: 

Charlotte 

Gastonia 

Total area actually reporting . . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 

Charlottesrille, Va. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Albemarle, Fluvanna, and 
Green Counties and Charlottesville 
City.) 

City of Charlottesville 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 

Chattanooga, Tenn.-Ga. SJVI.S.A 

(Includes Hamilton, Marion, and 
Sequatchie Counties, Tenn., and 
Catoosa, Dade, and Walker 
Counties, Ga.) 

City of Chattanooga 

Total area actually reporting . . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 

Chicago, lU. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Cook, Du Page, Kane, 
Lake, McHenry, and Will 
Counties.) 

City of Chicago 

Total area actually reporting . . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 

Chico, Ca. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Butte County.) 

City of Chico 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 
Cincinnati, Ohio— Ky.— Ind. $.M.S.A. .. 
(Includes Clermont, Hamilton, and 
Warren Counties, Ohio, and 
Boone, Campbell, and Kenton 
Counties, Ky., and Dearborn 
County, Ind.) 

City of Cincinnati 

Total area actually reporting . . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 
aarks¥ille— Hopkinsville, Tenn.— Ky. 

S.M.S.A 

(Includes Christian County, Ky., and 
Montgomery County, Tenn.) 
City of: 

Clarksville 

Hopkinsville 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ..., 
See footnotes at end of table. 



169,089 

109,715 



71,590 


6,787 


57,114 


5,440 


99.7% 


26,421 


100.0% 


26,510 




6,234.6 


262,482 




62,916 


8,220 


100.0% 


12,802 




4.877.3 



316,503 
47,566 
99.4% 



167,920 
97.4% 
100.0% 



29,646 
5,389 
44,713 
44,992 



3,854 
6,706 
5,815.2 



13,555 
20,726 
21,121 
4,904.8 



3,012.703 


173,316 


99.5% 


379,359 


100.0% 


381,129 




5,353.0 


147,478 




27,134 


2,218 


100.0% 


8,959 




6,074.8 



37,544 
37,654 
528.9 



23,024 
23,104 
5,433.6 



3,623 
6,398 
5,548.1 



12,124 
18,855 
19,220 
4,463.4 



147,707 
341,815 
343,475 



32,923 
73,646 
74,474 
5,349.0 



2,305 

1,796 

5.916 

3,921.4 



501 


1,669 


3,878 


521 


1,643 


2,534 


2,221 


8,185 


13,314 


2,228 


8,209 


13,366 


524.0 


1,930.6 


3,143.4 


321 


1,751 


5,349 


472 


3,014 


7,983 


179.8 


1,148.3 


3,041.4 



7,359 
14,062 
14,124 



13,044 
13,114 
2,037.3 



30,112 
82,166 
82,598 



25,206 
25,374 
3,941.9 



8,440 
12,218 
12,425 
2,885.4 



88,197 
210,720 
211,813 
2,974.9 



21,548 
49,795 
50,373 
3,618.0 



PPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan SUtistical Areas, 1981— Continued 



Standard Metropolitan : 



Crime 
Index 
total 



Modified 
Crime 

total' 



negligent 
man- 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



leyeland, Ohio SMSJi 

(Includes Cuyahoga Geauga, Lake, 
and Medina Counties.) 

City of Cleveland 

Total area actually reportmg . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100.000 mhabitanis ... 

olorado Springs, Colo. SA1JS,A 

(Includes El Paso and Teller 
Counties.) 

City of Colorado Springs 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100.000 inhabitants . . . . 

olombia, Mo. S,M.S,A 

(Includes Boone County.) 

City of Columbia 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 

olnmbia, S.C. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Lexington and Richland 
Counties.) 

City of Columbia 

Total area actually reporiing . . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 

Dlmnbus, GL-Ala. SMSA. 

(Includes Chattahoochee and 
Muscogee Counties, Ga., and 
Russell County, Ala) 

City of Columbus 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 

olnmbus, Ohio SJV!.S,A 

(Includes Delaware, Fairfield, 
Franklin, Madison, and Pickaway 
Counties.) 

City of Columbus 

Total area actually reporting . . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 

orpus Christi, Tei. SMSA 

(Includes Nueces and San Patricio 
Counties.) 

City of Corpus Chnsti 

Total area actually reporting . . . 

Rale per 100.000 inhabitants . . . . 

mnberland, Mi-W. Va. SJV1.S,A 

(Includes Allegany County, Md. and 
[ineral County, W Va) 

City of Cumberland 

Total area actually reporimg . 

Rate per 100,000 mhabitants , , 

•Ili»-Fort Worth, Tei. SMJSA 

(Includes Collin, Dallas, Denton, 
Ellis, Hood, Johnson, Kaufman, 
Parker. Rockwall. Tanant, and 
Wise Counties.) 

City of 

Dallas 

Fori Wonh 

Total area actually reporting . . . 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 

Snyille, Va. SJV1,S.A 

(Includes Pittsylvama County and 
lanville City.) 

City of Danville 

Total area actually reporting . . 

Rale per 100,000 mhabitants ... 
nvenport— Rock Island— Moline, 

>wa— ni. SMSJi. 

(Includes Scott County. Iowa, and 
Henry and Rock Island Counties, 

ni.) 

City of 

Davenport 

Rock Island 

Total area actually reportmg .. 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 
See footnotes at end of table. 



213,062 
99.8% 
100.0% 



100.318 
99.4% 
100.0% 



173,847 
90.8% 
100.0% 



562,896 
92.7% 
100.0% 



102,653 
47,341 
45,978 
99.4% 



22,503 
22,552 
6,898.4 



12,809 
30,573 
30,741 
7,510.3 



55,293 
• 78,207 
80,943 
7,426.8 



21,215 
25,287 
7,470.0 



111,582 
47,153 
252,965 
8,195.5 



8,272 
4,476 
3,170 
22,451 
22,578 
5,873.7 



12,429 
15,692 
15,921 
839.3 



12,749 
4,946 

22,534 
730.0 



17,373 
20,742 
20,788 
6,358.8 



5,304 
7,676 
7,600.7 



50,030 
71.379 
73.925 
6,782.8 



98,833 
42,207 
230,431 
7,465.4 



5,928 
2,086 
10,931 



18,368 
28,572 
29,431 
1,551.4 



5,634 
6,910 
6,922 
2,117.4 



17,518 
22.913 
23,702 
2,1747 



6,982 
8,410 
2.484.4 



34.159 
14,276 
73,736 
2,388.9 



40,917 
43,008 
2,267.2 



10,851 
12,815 
12,847 
3,929.7 



3,824 
5,676 
5,620.3 



7,770 
17,546 
17,643 
4,310.3 



4,578 
5,954 
6,563 
2,676.4 



29,613 
44,791 
46,379 
4,255.4 



57.112 
24.123 
139.332 
4.514.0 



2.360 


4,769 


1.378 


2,565 


857 


2,059 


6400 


13,558 


6,431 


13,637 


1,673.0 


3,547.7 



347 



APPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard MetropoUtan Statistical Areas, 1981— Continued 



Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Modified 

Index 
total' 



Murder 
negligent 



Dtyton, Ohio SMSA. 

(Includes Greene, Miami, 
Montgomery, and Preble Counties.) 

City of Dayton 

Total area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Daytona Beach, Fla. SMSA. 

(Includes Volusia County.) 

City of Daytona Beach 

Total area actually reportmg ... 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 

Decatur, Dl. SMSA. 

(Includes Macon County.) 

City of Decatur 

Total area actually reporting . . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Denver— Boulder, Colo. SA!3jL 

(Includes Adams, Arapahoe, Boulder, 
Denver, Douglas, Gilpin, and 
Jefferson Counties.) 
City of: 

Denver 

Boulder 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rale per 100,000 mhabitants . . . . 

Des Momes, Iowa SMSX 

(Includes Polk and Warren 
Counties.) 

City of Des Moines 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Detroit, Mich. SMSJi. 

(Includes Lapeer, Livingston, 
Macomb, Oakland, Saint Clair, 
and Wayne Counties.) 

City of Detroit 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 

Dnbniine, Iowa SMSJi 

(Includes Dubuque County.) 

City of Dubuque 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 

Duluth— Superior, Minn.— Wis. SJVI.SA 

(Includes Saint Louis County, 

Minn., and Douglas County, Wis.) 

City of: 

Duluth 

Superior 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Eau Claire, Wis. SJVI.S.A. 

(Includes Chippewa and Eau 
Qaire Counties.) 

City of Eau Claire 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

Ehnlra, N.Y. SMSJi 

(Includes Chemung County.) 

City of Elmira 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Elkhart, Indiana SMSA. 

(Includes Elkhart County.) 

City of Elkhart 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 

EI Paso, Tei. SMSA. 

Gncludcs El Paso County.) 

City of El Paso 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 
See footnotes at end of table. 



94,336 
98.2% 
100.0% 



503,695 
78,476 
100.0% 



132,096 

52,170 



98,(n3 

35.539 



100.0% 
499,247 



27,053 
57,164 
59,752 
7,212.9 



6,710 
7,928 
8,049 
6,108.3 



60,417 

5,975 

139,008 

8,367.1 



193,805 


143,107 


99.9% 


343,001 


100.0% 


343,275 




7,933.3 


93,331 




62,055 


4,228 


100.0% 


5,048 




5,408.7 



5,612 
2,321 
12,327 
4,679.5 



2,645 
4,315 
4,399.8 



2,883 
4,782 
3,495.4 



29,275 
30,685 
6,146.3 



23,176 
36,683 
36,700 
848.2 



23,544 
51,788 
54,201 
6,542.8 



8,153 
20,248 
7,639.3 



6,373 
7,517 
7,631 
5,791.1 



18,935 
25,789 
7,669.8 



119,931 
306,318 
306,575 
7,085.1 



4,136 
4,929 
5,281.2 



2,635 
4,612 
3,491.4 



2,586 
4,145 
4.226.4 



2,748 
4,476 
3,271.7 



25,765 
26,984 
5,404.9 



2.353 
3,055 
3,107 
375.1 



6,648 
14,859 
14,870 

343.7 



2,399 
2,543 
509.4 



8,017 
15,491 
16,191 
1,954.5 



2,238 
6,629 
2,501.0 



2,391 
2.421 
1,837.3 



600 
1,021 
1,041.1 



7,140 
7,607 
1,523.7 



348 



APPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 1981— Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Me, Pa. SM.SA 

(Includes Eiie County.) 

City of EiHe 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per lOO.tXX) inhabitants .... 
:pgene— Springfield, Oreg. S.M.S.A. ... 
(Includes Lane County.) 
City of: 

Eugene 

Spnngfield 

Total area actually reporting 
Rale per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

:»imsTme, Ind.-Ky. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Gibson. Posey. 
Vanderburgh, and Warrick 
Counties. Ind., and 
Henderson County, Ky.) 

City of Evansville 

Total area actually reporting . . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 

nil Rijer, Mass. SMSA 

(Includes Bristol County.) 

City of Fall River 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitarits . . 
argo— Moorhead, N. Dak.— Minn. 

M.S.A 

(Includes Cass County. N. Dak., and 
Clay County, Minn.) 
City of: 

Fargo 

Moorhead 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

ayettenlle, N.C. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Cumberland County.) 

City of Fayelteville 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 
'ayette?Ule— Springdale, Ark. S.M.S.A. 
(Includes Benton and Washington 
Counties.) 
City of: 

Fayetteville 

Springdale 

Total area actually reporting . . 
Rate per 100.000 inhabitants .... 

lint, Mich. S..M.S.A 

(Includes Genesee and Shiawassee 
Counties.) 

City of Flint 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

lorence, Ala. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Colbert and Lauderdale 
Counties.) 

City of Florence 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

lorence, S.C. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Florence County.) 

City of Florence 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

ort CoUins, Co. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Larimer County.) 

City of Fort ColPins 

Total area actually reporting . , . 
Rate per 100.000 inhabitants . . 

JV1.S.A '. 

(Includes Broward County) 
City of 

Fort Lauderdale 

Hollywood 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100,000 mhabitants .... 
See footnotes at end of table. 



106, U7 
41,718 
lOOO-^f 



129,784 
80.4% 
100.0% 



61,803 
30,137 
100.0% 



36,323 
23,286 
100.0% 



37,505 
98.7% 
100.0% 



31,169 
99,4% 
100.0% 



163,677 
124,145 
100.0% 



5,683 
10,278 
3,667.7 



1.913 

1,135 

5,993 

3,370.9 



23,649 
43,820 
8,426.8 



5,082 
5,195 
3,802.1 



22,022 
13,451 
95,244 
8,973.6 



Modified 
Crime 



negligei 
slaughter 



5,095 
9,489 
3,386.1 



10,217 
3,627 
19,507 
7,095.4 



8,213 
11,717 
13,574 
4,413.4 



3,302 
1,305 
5,724 
1,1300 



20,272 
39,165 
7,531.6 



2,228 
4,877 
4,980 



5,390 
5,438 
4,783.1 



3,817 
8,440 
5,540.3 



19,971 
12,218 
85,122 
8,020.0 



Aggra- 
vated 



2,274 
3,115 
599.C 



1,318 
2.603 
928.S 



2,253 
3,078 
3,576 

1,162.7 



7,433 
13,225 
2,543.2 



1,826 
1,840 
1,618.4 



7,823 
3,468 
29,125 
2,744.1 



7,373 
2,452 
13,303 
4,838.8 



5,498 
7,958 
9,149 
2,974.7 



703 
3,685 
2,072.7 



3,250 
3,281 
2,885.9 



2,887 
6,146 
1,034.5 



10.398 
7,776 
49,175 



349 



APPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan Stotisticai Areas, 1981— Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Modified 
Crime 
Index 
total' 



and non- 
negligent 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Fort Myers— Cape Coral, Fla. SJW^jV. 
(Includes Lee County.) 
City of: 

Fort Myers 

Cape Coral 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100.000 mhabitants .... 

Fort Smith, Ark.— Okla. SJV1.S.A 

(Includes Crawford and Sebastian 
Counties, Ark., and Le Flore and 
Sequoyah Counties. Okla) 

City of Fort Smith 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 

Fort Walton Beach, R S.M.Sji 

(Includes Okaloosa County.) 

City of Fort Walton Beach 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 

Fort Wayne, Ind. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Adams. Allen, De Kalb, 
and Wells Counties.) 

City of Fort Wayne 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100.000 inhabitants . . . . 

Fresno, CaUf. S.M.S.A. 

(Includes Fresno County.) 

City of Fresno 

Total area actually reporting . . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants , . . . 

Gadsden, Ala. SJV1.S.A 

(Includes Etowah County.) 

City of Gadsden 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100.000 inhabitants . . . . 

GainesTille, Fla. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Alachua County.) 

City of Gainesville 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 
Galveston- Texas Oty, Tei. SJ«.S.A. . 
Oncludes Galveston County.) 
City of 

Galveston 

Texas City 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100.000 inhabitants . . . . 
Gary— Hammond— East Chicago, Ind. 

SM.SA 

(Includes Lake and Porter Counties.) 
City of: 

Gary 

Hammond 

East Chicago 

Total area actually reporting . . . 

Estimated total 

Rale per 100.000 inhabitants . . . . 

Glens Falls, N.Y. SM.SA 

(Includes Warren and Washington 
Counties.) 

City of Glens Falls 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 
Grand Forks, N.D.-Minn. SMSJi. ... 
(Includes Grand Forks County. 
N.D., and Polk County, Minn.) 

City of Grand Forks 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Grand Rapids, Mich. SM.SA 

(Includes Kent and Ottawa 
Counties.) 

City of Grand Rapids 

Total area actually reporting . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100.000 inhabitants ... 
See footnotes at end of table. 



171.192 
96.6% 
100.0% 



64,145 
42.144 
100.0% 



151.991 
93,524 
39,834 
96.4% 

100.0% 

IIOJM 



5,101 
1,024 
10,924 
5,031.7 



6,026 
8,846 
4,310.5 



13,112 
16,582 
17,250 
4,530.2 



4,158 
5,350 
5,157.3 



9,267 
14,949 
9.600.7 



3.238 
13.665 
6.740.0 



12,268 
6,622 
2.678 
35.565 
36.738 
5.744.6 



17.049 
33.871 
34.085 
5,644.7 



5,820 
8,482 
4.133.2 



2,158 
4,188 
4.202 
807.3 


22.423 
38,723 
38,852 
7,464.4 


423 
521 
502.2 


3,735 
4,829 
4,655.1 


1.012 
1,571 
008.9 


8,255 
13,378 
8,591.8 


978 
226 


5.226 
3.012 



2.504 
31,768 
32,880 
5,141.4 



768 
3,927 
3,565.9 



2.351 
3.581 
3.594.8 



15.173 
31.343 
31.543 
5,223.7 



13.027 
13.068 
2,510.7 



4,326 
5,728 
2,791.2 



13,769 
22,861 
22,938 



2.618 
3.324 
3.204.3 



4,367 


3,718 


2,013 


2,846 


599 


1,345 


9,504 


16.464 


9 774 


17.276 


,5205 


2.701.4 



9.905 
21.707 
21,840 
3,616.8 



APPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan SUtistical Areas, 1981— Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Modified 
Crime 



and non- 
negligent 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Greeley, Co. SMSA 

(Includes Weld County.) 

City of Greeley 

Total area actually reporting . . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Green Bay, Wis. S.M.SA 

(Includes Brown County.) 

Cily of Green Bay 

Total area actually reporting . . . 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Greensboro— Winston-Salem— High Point, 

N.C. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Davidson, Forsyth, 
Guilford, Randolph, Stokes, and 
Yadkin Counties.) 
City of: 

Greensboro 

Winston-Salem 

High Point 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 
Greentille— Spartanburg, S.C. S.M.S.A. 
(Includes Greenville, Pickens, and 
Spartanburg Counties.) 
City of: 

Greenville 

Spartanburg 

Total area actually reporting . . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Hagerstown, Ml SM.SA 

(Includes Washington County.) 

City of Hagerstown 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 
Hamilton— Middletown, Ohio S.M.Sji. . 
(Includes Butler County.) 
City of: 

Hamilton 

Middletown 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Harrisburg, Pa. SMSA 

(Includes Cumberland, Dauphin, and 
Perry Counties.) 

City of Harrisburg 

Total area actually reporting . . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Hartford, Conn. S.M.Sj\ 

(Includes Hartford and Tolland 
Counties.) 

City of Hartford 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Hickory, N.C. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Alexander and Catawba 
Counties.) 

City of Hickory 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Honolulu, Hawaii S.M.SA 

(Includes Honolulu County.) 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100.000 inhabitants .... 
Huntington— Ashland, W. Va.— Ky.— 

Ohio SM.SJi 

(Includes Cabell and Wayne 
Counties, W. Va., Boyd and 
Greenup Counties, Ky. and 
Lawrence County, Ohio.) 
City of: 

Huntington 

Ashland 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 
See footnotes at end of table. 



4,645 
8,139 
8,220 
6,495.4 



57,729 


12,014 


34,829 


12,611 


63,577 


4,919 


99.9% 


43,139 


00.0% 


43,184 




5,145.2 



60,116 


6,227 


44,942 


4,332 


99.6% 


33,091 


100.0% 


33,282 




5,714.3 


114,614 




34,613 


2,058 


100.0% 


3,876 


258^548 


3,381.8 


62,916 


7,336 


43,743 


3,492 



6,338 
18,714 
18,765 



24,732 
62,483 
6,705.1 



4,419 
7,526 
7,602 
6,007.0 



4,474 
38,734 
38,774 
4,619.7 



5,407 
4,097 
29,679 
29,850 
5,125.1 



6,846 
3,374 
16,216 
6.271.9 



5,453 
17,184 
17,232 



20,737 
56,593 
6,073.0 



1,113 
1,906 
1,925 
521.1 


3,096 
5,267 
5,320 
4,203.8 


872 
1,444 
812.8 


4,813 
7,043 
3,964.6 



2,952 
3,611 
1,285 
12,687 
12,698 
1,512.9 



6,545 
17,288 
1,855.2 



7,557 
6,813 
2,912 
24,037 
24,064 
2,867.1 



3,750 
2,693 
18,309 
18,420 
3,162.6 



4,368 
2,393 
10,767 
4,164.4 



10,250 
32,277 
3,463.7 



APPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 1981— Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Crime 
Index 
total 



Modified 
Crime 
Index 
total' 



negligent 
slaughter 



Aggra- 
vated 



Himtsrille, Ala. S.M.SJk 

(Includes Limestone, Madison, and 
Marshall Counties.) 

City of Huntsville 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . 

Indianapolis, Ind. SM.SA 

(Includes Boone, Hamilton, Hancock, 
Hendricks, Johnson, Marion, 
Morgan, and Shelby Counties.) 

City of Indianapolis 

Total area actually reporting . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 

Iowa City, Iowa. S.M.S.A. 

(Includes Johnson County.) 

City of Iowa City 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 

Jackson, Mich. S.M.SjV 

(Includes Jackson County.) 

City of Jackson 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rale per 100,000 inhabitants ... 

Jackson, Miss. SM.SA 

(Includes Hinds and Rankin 
Counties.) 

City of Jackson 

Total area actually reporting . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 

JacksonriUe, Ra. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Baker, Clay, Duval, 
Nassau, and Saint Johns 
Counties.) 

City of Jacksonville 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 

Jacksonrille, N.C. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Chislow County.) 

City of Jacksonville 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rate per 100.000 inhabitants ... 

Janesrille— Beloit, Wis. SMSA. 

(Includes Rock County.) 
City of: 

Janesville 

Beloit 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

Jersey City, N,J, SAJ.S.A 

(Includes Hudson County.) 

City of Jersey City 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rate per 100,000 mhabitants ... 
Johnson City— Kingsport-Bristol, 

Tenn.— Va. SJV1.S.A 

(Includes Carter, Hawkins, Sullivan, 

Unicoi, and Washington Counties, 

Tenn., and Bristol City and Scott 

and Washington Counties, Va.) 

City of: 

Johnson City 

ICingsport 

Bristol 

Total area actually reporting .. 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . 

Johnstown, Pa. S.M.SA 

(Includes Cambria and Somerset 
Counties.) 

City of Johnstown 

Total area actually reporting .. 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 
Sec footnotes at end of table. 



461,820 
93.7% 
100.0% 



114,225 

17,903 



12,078 
16,456 
16,485 
5,266.2 



33,898 
59,442 
62,478 
5.372.0 



2,969 
5,108 
6,287.1 



18,583 
21,119 
22,317 



45,070 
55,263 
7,062.9 



51,601 


3,612 


35,339 


3,573 


100.0% 


8,983 




6,502.3 


55W35 




224,549 


19,926 


100.0% 


38,980 




6,961.5 



40,078 


2,504 


30,982 


2,053 


19,443 


977 


91.2% 


11,817 


100.0% 


12,744 




2,899.7 


265,130 




35,536 


1,700 


99.7% 


5,243 


100.0% 


5,270 




1,987.7 



15,547 
15,573 
4,974.9 



29,359 
53,607 
56,471 
4,855.5 



2,762 
4,819 
5,931.4 



4,739 
8,795 
5,829.2 



19,596 
20,663 
6,508.8 



39,436 
48,721 
6,226.8 



2,057 
4,123 
3,609.5 



3,549 
3,358 
8,632 
6,248.2 



16,723 
34,121 
6,093.7 



2,194 
2,758 
2,802 
240.9 



2,180 
2,888 
515.8 



2,795 
3,384 
432.5 



9,985 
15,814 
16,4«8 
1,415.9 



6,994 
7,427 
2,339.5 



6,261 
12,410 
2,216.3 



16,782 
33,172 
35,153 
3,022.5 



24,469 
30,162 
3,854.9 



1,479 
2,631 
2,303.3 



6,799 
14,137 
2,524.8 



631 
6,711 
7,132 
1,622.8 



2,839 
2,855 
1,076.8 



352 



PPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 1981— Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical An 



Modified 
Cnme 

total' 



Murder 
negligent 
slaughter 



jplin. Mo. SAi.S.A 

(Includes Jasper and Newton 
Counties.) 

City of Joplin 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

alamazoo-Portage, Mich. S.M.S.A. .. 

(Includes Kalamazoo and Van Buren 

Counties.) 

City of 

Kalamazoo 

Portage 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rale per 100.000 inhabitants ... 

juikakee. 111. SA1.S.A 

(Includes Kankakee County.) 

City of Kankakee 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 

imsas City, Mo.-Kans. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Cass, Clay, Jackson. Platte, 
and Ray Counties, Mo., and 
Johnson and Wyandotte 
Counties, Kans.) 
City of 

Kansas City, Kans 

Kansas City. Mo 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100.000 inhabitants .... 

enosha, Wis. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Kenosha County.) 

City of Kenosha 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

oUeen-Temple, Tex. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Bell and Coryell Counties.) 
City of 

Killeen 

Temple 

Total area actually reporting . . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100.000 inhabitants .... 

jioxrille, Tenn. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Anderson. Blount, Knox, 
and Union Counties.) 

City of Knoxville 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100.000 inhabitants .... 

lokomo, Ind. SMSA 

(Includes Howard and Tipton 
Counties.) 

City of Kokomo 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

J Crosse, Wis. S.M.S.A 

(Includes La Crosse County.) 

City of La Crosse 

Total area actually reporting . . , 
Rate per 100.000 inhabitants .... 

jfayette, La. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Lafayette Parish.) 

City of Lafayette 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100,000 mhabitants .... 
jfayette— West Lafayette, Ind. SJVI.S.A. 
flncludes Tippecanoe County.) 
City of 

Lafayette 

West Lafayette 

Total area actually reporting 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 
See footnotes at end of table. 



450.211 
161,753 
97.7% 



42,925 
21,216 
100.0% 



3,151 
5,518 
4,301.9 



79,568 


8,814 


38,103 


1,841 


100.0% 


18,795 




6,762.2 


103,422 




30,074 


3.564 


100.0% 


5,708 




5.5191 



51.005 
18.123 
102.367 
103.414 
7.754.2 



222,934 




48.052 
44,259 
99.6% 
100.0% 

48L617 


4.850 
2,522 
10,330 
10,376 
4,654.3 


184,832 
100.0% 

I03,S«6 


12,527 
20,965 
4,353.0 


47,160 
95.1% 
100.0% 

9U12 


2,151 
2.819 
3,078 
2,972.0 


48,791 
100.0% 

152;387 


3,746 
5,223 
5,726.2 


81,508 


7,087 



1,753 
17,047 
6,133.3 



3,244 
5,276 
5,101.4 



11,433 
19,447 
4.037.9 



2,638 
2,884 
2,784.7 



3.686 
5,115 
5,607.8 



2,141 
3.512 
2,738.0 



2,222 
3,227 
3,120.2 



3,935 


14,839 


24,690 


1,173 


6,076 


8,675 


6,506 


29,444 


54,368 


6,552 


29,768 


54,936 


491.3 


2,232.1 


4,119.2 


84 


1,559 


4,140 


146 


2,210 


5,829 


116.9 


1,769.1 


4,666.0 



6,035 
6,063 
2,719.6 



5,602 
9,898 
2,055.2 



APPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan SUtistical Areas, 1981— Continued 



Metropolitan Statistical An 



Modified 

Index 
total' 



Murder 
negligent 
slaughter 



Forcible 



Lake Charles, La. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Calcasieu Parish.) 

City of Lake Charles 

Total area actually reporting . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 
Lakeland— Winter Haven, Fla. S.M.S.A 
(Includes Polk County.) 
City of: 

Lakeland 

Winter Haven 

Total area actually reporting . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 

Lancaster, Pa. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Lancaster County.) 

City of Lancaster 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 
Lansing— East Lansing, Mich. S.M.S.A. 
(Includes Clinton, Eaton, Ingham, 
and Ionia Counties.) 
City of 

Lansing 

East Lansing 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 

Laredo, Tex. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Webb County.) 

City of Laredo 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

Las Vegas, Nev. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Clark County.) 

City nf ;.as Vegas 

Tc- i: J ea actually reporting . . 
Rail per 100.000 inhabitants . . . 

Lawrence, Kans. S.M,S.A 

(Includes Douglas County.) 

City of Lawrence 

Total area actually reporting . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

Lawton, Okla. SMSA 

(Includes Comanche County.) 

City of Lawton 

Total area actually reporting . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 
Lewiston— Auburn, Maine S,M.SA ... 
(Includes Androscoggin County) 
City of 

Lewiston 

Auburn 

Total area actually reporting . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

Lexington— Fayette, Ky. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Bourbon, Clark, Fayette, 
Jessamine, Scott, and Woodford 
Counties.) 

City of Lexington 

Total area actually reporting . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

Lima, Ohio S.M.S.A 

(Includes Allen, Auglaize, Putnam, 
and Van Wert Counties.) 

City of Lima 

Total area actually reporting .. 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 

Lincoln, Nebr. SJV1.S.A 

(Includes Lancaster County.) 

City of Lincoln 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 
See footnotes at end of table. 



51,714 
22,456 
100.0% 



3,763 
9,104 
5,307.3 



125,407 
48.037 
100.0% 

103,155 


10,008 

1,475 

26,005 

5,577.9 


95,026 
100.0% 

mflh 


6,122 
6,568 
6,367.1 


406,915 
100.0% 

67^694 


43,376 
50,252 
10,297.0 


52,582 
100.0% 

115^583 


3,770 
5,187 
7,662.4 


82,296 
100.0% 

100,447 


5,510 
5,872 
5,080.3 


40,861 
23.301 
100.0% 


2,607 

1,752 

5,590 

5,565.1 



14,967 
19,925 
6,282.8 



5,268 
10,250 
10,617 
4,866.3 



10,601 
12,036 
6,195.6 



1,872 
20,885 
6,105.5 



3,904 
10,509 
2,893.3 



3,577 
4,900 
7,238.5 



13,865 
18,574 
5,856.8 



4,122 
5,254 
1,656.7 



2,833 
2.913 
1,335.2 



2,274 
2,548 
1.311.6 



2,176 
5,028 
2,931.2 



3,597 
3,774 
3,658.6 



2.397 
3,291 
4,861.6 



3,087 
3,247 
2,809.2 



8,790 
12,169 
3,837.2 



7.538 
8,650 
(.452.6 



APPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 1981— Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Modified 
Crime 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Uttie Rock-Nortli Little Rock, Ark. 

S.M.S.A 

(Includes Pulaski and Saline 
Counties.) 
City of: 

Little Rock 

North Little Rock 

Total area actually reporting . . 
Rate per 100.000 inhabitants . . . . 
Long Branch— Asbury Park, N.J. 

S.M.S.A 

(Includes Monmouth County.) 
City of: 

Long Branch 

Asbury Park 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100,000 mhabitants .... 

Ungriew— Marshall. Tei. SJVl.Sj^ 

(Includes Gregg and Harrison 
Counties.) 
City of: 

Longview 

Marshall 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 
Los Angeles— Long Beach, Calif. 

SA1.S.A 

(Includes Los Angeles County.) 
City of: 

Los Angeles 

Long Beach 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 

Louisrille, Ky.-Ind. S.M.S.A 

includes Bullitt, Jefferson, and 
Oldham Counties, Ky., and Clark 
and Floyd Counties, Ind.) 

City of Louisville 

Total area actually reporting . . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100 000 inhabitants .... 

Lubbock, Tei. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Lubbock County.) 

City of Lubbock 

Total area actually reponing ... 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Lynchburg, Va. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Lynchburg City and 
Amherst, Appomattox, and 
Campbell Counties.) 

City of Lynchburg 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitant ... 

Macon, Ga. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Bibb, Houston, Jones, and 
Twiggs Counties.) 

City of Macon 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Madison, Wis. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Dane County.) 

City of Madison 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100,000 mhabitants . . . . 

Manchester, N.H. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Hillsborough County) 

City of Manchester 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 
See footnotes at end of table. 



154,503 
64,672 
100.0% 



29,112 
16,808 
100.0% 



63,062 
25,746 
100.0% 



92,324 
99.7% 
100.0% 



2,516 
2.860 
27,856 
5,568.0 



32,280 
634,212 
8,298.3 



49,841 
51,911 
5,7307 



15,418 
17,200 
7,822.( 



13,112 
13,140 
4,674.2 



16,474 
4,571 
26,957 
6,815.9 



2,229 
2,415 
25,804 
5,157.8 



3,815 

1,246 

7,393 

4,585.5 



251,282 
27,701 
534,820 
6,997.8 



45,775 
47,711 
5,267.C 



13,820 
15,487 
7,043.5 



4,071 
5,711 
3,653.8 



8,259 
12,223 
12,691 
4,889.2 



14,435 
22,555 
6,986.8 



6.327 
12.657 
12,684 
4,512.0 



28,152 
2,928 

49,855 
652.3 



2,219 
2,254 
248.8 



21,121 
1,270 

42,666 
558.3 



6,907 
14,626 
15,173 
1.675.0 



2,030 
3,962 
3,970 
1,412.2 



10.246 
3,036 
16,776 
4,241.7 



9,954 
27,851 
29,058 
3,207.8 



10,471 
16,690 
5,1700 



3,896 
7,927 
7,944 
2,825.9 



APPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 1981— Continued 



Melropolitan Statistical Area 



Modified 
Crime 
Index 
total' 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Mansfield, Ohio SMSA 

(Includes Richland County.) 

City of Mansfield 

Total area actually reporting . . 

Blimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 
McAllen-Pharr— E<Unburg, Tei. 

S.M.S.A 

(Includes Hidalgo County.) 
City of 

McAllen 

Pharr 

Edinburg 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

Medford, Or. SAI.S,A 

(Includes Jackson County.) 

City of Medford 

Total area actually reporting . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 
Melbourne— Titusrille— Cocoa, Fla. 

S.M.S.A 

(Includes Brevard County.) 
City of 

Melbourne 

Titusville 

Cocoa 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 
Memphis, Tenn.-Ark.-Miss. S.M.SJV. 
(Includes Shelby and Tipton 
Counties, Tenn., Crittenden 
County, Ark. and De Soto 
County, Miss.) 

City of Memphis 

Total area actually reporting . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

Miami, Fla. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Dade County.) 

City of Miami 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 

Midland, Tex. SJW.S.A 

(Includes Midland County.) 

City of Midland 

Total area actually reportmg .. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

Milwaukee, Wis. SM.SA 

(Includes Milwaukee, Ozaukee, 
Washington and Waukesha 
Counties.) 

City of Milwaukee 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . 
Minneapolis-Saint Paul, 

Minn.— Wis. S.M.SA 

(Includes Anoka, Carver, Chisago, 
Dakota, Hennepin, Ramsey, Scott, 
Washington and Wright Counties, 
Minn, and Saint Croix County, 
Wis.) 
City of 

Minneapolis 

Saint Paul 

Total area actually reporting . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . 

Mobile, Ala. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Baldwin and Mobile 
Counties.) 

City of Mobile 

Total area actually reporting . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitanU . . 
See footnotes at end of table. 



67,570 
22,048 
24,709 
100.0% 



48,865 
31,738 
17,024 



5,328 
8,045 
8,171 
6,221.8 



1,338 
14,621 
5,017.3 



3,828 
7,698 
5,776.1 



3,715 
2,622 
1,292 
19,489 
6,780.8 



53,325 
61,083 
6,626.4 



52,911 
180.841 
10,820.4 



44,775 
77,639 
5,505.7 



38,215 
22,799 
131,205 
6,178.3 



21,998 
33,483 
33,540 
7,517.6 



4.450 
7,027 
7,145 
5,440.5 



3,707 
7,390 
5,545.0 



46,269 
53,172 
5,768.2 



41,700 
150,889 
9,028.2 



2,627 
3.412 
3,980.9 



6.196 
14.427 
863.2 



1,613 


2,603 


2,497 


4,173 


2,524 


4,254 


921.9 


3,239.2 



908 


2,270 


795 


1,477 


381 


729 


5,758 


11,158 


2,003.4 


3,882.2 



12,570 
48,899 
2,925.8 



10,293 
16,328 
1,157.9 



12,543 
7,964 
36,705 
1.728.4 



24.388 
87.352 
5,226.6 



27,512 
52,248 
3,705.1 



18,943 
11.364 
79.323 
3.735.2 



16.287 
16,320 
3.657.9 



APPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan SUtistical Areas, 1981— Continued 



Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Crime 
Index 
total 



Modified 
Index 



Murder 
negligent 
slaughter 



Aggra- 
vated 



Modesto, Odif. SMSA 

(Includes Stanislaus County.) 

City of Modesto 

Total area actually reporting 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . 

Monroe, La. SJW.S.A 

(Includes Ouachita Parish.) 

City of Monroe 

Total area actually reporting 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . 

Montgomery, Ala. SAI.S.A 

(Includes Autauga, Elmore and 
Montgomery Counties.) 

City of Montgomery 

Total area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . 
Muskegon— Norton Shores— Miiskegoi 

Heights, Mich. SJV1.SA 

(Includes Muskegon and Oceana 
Counties.) 
City of 

Muskegon 

Norton Shores 

Muskegon Heights 

Total area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100.000 inhabitants . 

Nashville— Davidson, Tenn. SJV1.SA 

(Includes Cheatham. Davidson, 

Dickson. Robertson, Rutherford, 

Sumner. Williamson and Wilson 

Counties.) 

City of Nashville 

Total area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Newark, N.J. SM.SA 

(Includes Essex, Morris, Somerset 
and Union Counties.) 

City of Newark 

Total area actually reporting 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Newark, Oh. SJ«.SA 

(Includes Lickmg County.) 

City of Newark 

Total area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 
New Brunswick- Perth Amboy— 

SayreviUe, N.J. SJW.SjV. 

(Includes Middlesex County.) 
City of 

New Brunswick 

Perth Amboy 

Sayreville 

Total area actually reporting 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 
Newburgh-Middleton, N.Y. SMSA. 
(Includes Orange County.) 
City of 

Newburgh 

Middleton 

Total area actually reportuig 
Rate per 100,000 mhabitants 
New Haven- West Haven, Conn. 

SMSA 

(Includes New Haven County.) 
City of 

New Haven 

West Haven 

Total area actually reporting 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 
See footnotes at end of table. 



23,231 
21,562 
100.0% 



127,281 
53,759 
100.0% 



10.602 
21,062 
7,722.3 



14,635 
14,700 
5,283.0 



40,899 


6,360 


21,953 


895 


14,544 


1,875 


99.3% 


13,763 


100.0% 


13,836 




7,737.8 



332,746 


40,986 


100.0% 


132,488 




6,693.6 


120,89! 




41,197 


2,257 


94.2% 


4,355 


100.0% 


4,683 




3,873.7 



1,546 
30,889 
5,150.3 



16,175 
3,398 
47,227 
6,168.8 



3,4 
6,045 
4,288.2 



10,659 
13,459 
13,519 
4,858.6 



30,517 
39,696 
40,787 
4,854.0 



2,017 
3,969 
4,276 
3,537.1 



14,201 
3,113 
43,587 
5,693.3 



7,778 
12,222 
617.5 



3,783 
7,488 
378.3 



2,984 
6,183 
2,267.0 



3,203 
4,250 
4,268 
1,533.9 



3,553 
3,570 
1,996.5 



10,358 
13,569 
14,012 
1,667,5 



9,958 
35,697 
1,803.5 



327 
8,262 
1,377.6 



307 
3,585 
1,376.8 



6,525 
12,535 
4,595.9 



2,273 
4,170 
2,958.1 



6,931 
8,565 
8,603 
3,091.8 



8,438 
8,484 
t,744.7 



17,968 
23,474 
24,033 
2,860.1 



11.107 
58,742 
2,967.8 



2,443 
2,654 
2,195.4 



7,451 

1,607 

25,151 

3,285.2 



357 



APPENDIX Vl-Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan Statistical 


Areas, 


1981— Continued 














Standard Metropolitan Sutistical Area 


Population 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Modified 
Crime 
Index 
total' 


Violent 
crime" 


Property 
crime" 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson' 












slaughter 
















New London-Norwich, Conn. S.M.SA. 


241,251 


























(Includes New London County.) 




























City of: 




























New London 


29,250 


2,194 




158 


2,036 




13 


80 


65 


562 


1,261 


213 




Norwich 


38!504 


2!283 




122 


2,161 


1 


15 


45 


61 


626 


1,413 


122 




Total area actually reporting . 


100.0% 


10,068 




633 


9,435 


8 


68 


204 


353 


2,656 


6,025 


754 




Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 




4,173.2 




262.4 


3,9109 


3.3 


28.2 


84.6 


146.3 


1,100.9 


2,497.4 


312.5 




New Orleans, La. SAI.S-A. 


U13,332 


























flncludes Jefferson, Orleans, 




























Saint Bernard and Saint 




























Tammany Parishes.) 




























City of New Orleans 


571,771 


52,158 




8,121 


44,037 


217 


453 


4,950 


2,501 


13,117 


25,305 


5,615 




Total area actually reporting ... 


90.7% 


86,371 




11,186 


75,185 


275 


695 


5,911 


4.305 


22,535 


H134 


8,516 




Btimated total 


100.0% 


92,252 




11,782 


80,470 


285 


737 


6,037 


4,723 


24.086 


47,480 


8,904 




Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 




7,603.2 




971.0 


6,632.2 


23.5 


60.7 


497.6 


389.3 


1,985.1 


3,913.2 


733.8 




Newport News-Hampton, Va. SJV1.S.A. 


370,829 


























(Includes Hampton, Newport News, 




























Poquoson, and WUIiamsburg 




























Cities, and Gloucester, James City, 




























and York Counties.) 




























City of: 




























Newport News 


147,602 


9,269 




919 


8,350 


18 


80 


415 


406 


3,042 


4,868 


440 




Hampton 


124,741 


7,461 




410 


7,051 


16 


53 


172 


169 


1,831 


4,929 


291 




Total area actually reporting ... 


100.0% 


19,855 




1,521 


18,334 


37 


150 


622 


712 


5,525 


11,977 


832 




Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 




5,354.2 




410.2 


4,944.1 


lOO 


40.4 


167.7 


192.0 


1,489.9 


3,229.8 


2244 




New York, N.Y.-N.J. S.M.S.A 


9,12S,617 


























(Includes Bronj. Kings, New York, 




























Putnam, Queens, Richmond, 




























Rockland, and Westchester 




























Counties, NY. and Bergen 




























County, N.J.) 




























City of New York 


7,070,429 


725,846 




156,946 


568,900 


1,826 


3,862 


107,475 


43,783 


205,825 


258,369 


104,706 




Total area actually reportmg ... 


99.5% 


822,701 




162,898 


659,803 


1,892 


4,082 


110,644 


46,280 


232,675 


312,946 


114,182 




Estimated total 


100.0% 


824,642 




162,992 


661,650 


1,893 


4,087 


110,685 


46,327 


233,290 


314,039 


114,321 




Rate per 100,000 mhabitants .... 




9,033,6 




1,785.5 


7,248.1 


20.7 


44.8 


1,212.5 


507.5 


2,555.6 


3,440.2 


1,252.3 




Norfolk-Virginia Beach-Portsmouth, 




























Va.-N.C. SJV1.SJV 


815,259 


























(Incbdes Chesapeake, Norfolk, 




























Po. ^mouth. Suffolk, and Virgmia 




























Beach Cities, Va., and Currituck 




























County, N.C.) 




























City of: 




























Norfolk 


267,868 


20,769 




2,441 


18.328 


43 


189 


1,085 


1,124 


4,793 


12,656 


879 




Virginia Beach 


265,704 


15,337 




606 


14,731 


12 


93 


235 


266 


3,694 


10,525 


512 




Portsmouth 


106,074 


6,285 




721 


5,564 


16 


43 


479 


183 


1,420 


3,855 


289 




Total area actually reporting ... 


100.0% 


50,141 




4,477 


45,664 


89 


386 


2,058 


1,944 


12,159 


31,525 


1,980 




Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 




6,150.3 




549.2 


5,601.2 


109 


47.3 


252.4 


238.5 


1,491.4 


3,866.9 


242.9 




Northeast PennsyUania S.M.S.A 


630,229 


























(Includes Lackawanna, Luzerne and 




























Monroe Counties.) 




























Total area actually reporting ... 


99.9% 


17,568 




1,059 


16,509 


28 


51 


407 


573 


5,302 


10,061 


1,146 




Estimated total 


100.0% 


17,595 




1,061 


16,534 


28 


51 


408 


574 


5,309 


10,077 


1,148 




Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 




2,791.8 




168.4 


2.623.5 


4.4 


8.1 


64.7 


91.1 


842.4 


1,598.9 


182.2 




Ocala, FI. S.M.SA 


'mj3i 


























(Includes Marion County.) 


























City of Ocala 


38,151 


4,922 




401 


4,521 


4 


19 


134 


244 


1,328 


3,011 


182 






100.0% 


9,830 




912 


8,918 


11 


62 


206 


633 


3,103 


5,420 


395 




Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 




7,786.9 




722.5 


7,064.5 


8.7 


49.1 


163.2 


501.4 


2,458.1 


4,293.5 


312.9 




Odessa, Tei. SJVI.S.A 


119,961 


























(Includes 'Ector' County.) 


























City of Odessa 


93,505 


8,549 




432 


8,117 


16 


39 


142 


235 


2,419 


4,925 


773 




Total area actually reporting . . . 


100.0% 


10,399 




573 


9,826 


27 


54 


167 


325 


3,052 


5,771 


1,003 




Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 




8,668.7 




477,7 


8,191.0 


22.5 


45.0 


139.2 


270.9 


2,544.2 


4810.7 


836.1 




Olympia, Wa. S.M.SA 


127,229 


























(Includes Thurston County.) 




























City of Olympia 


28,122 


2,604 




84 


2,520 


4 


13 


23 


44 


497 


1,928 


95 




Total area actually reporting . . . 


99.0% 


7,525 




346 


7,179 


13 


47 


66 


220 


2,208 


4,692 


279 




Estimated total 


100.0% 


7,638 




352 


7.286 


13 


48 


67 


224 


2,235 


4767 


284 




Rate per 100,000 mhabitants .... 




6,003.3 




276.7 


5.726.7 


10.2 


37.7 


52.7 


176.1 


1,756.7 


i.-if''' 


223.2 





See footnotes at end of table, 



APPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 1981— Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



total 



Modified 
Cnrae 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



Oklahoma City, Okla. S.M.S^ 

(Includes Canadian. Cleveland, 
McClain, Oklahoma and 
Pottawatomie Counties.) 

City of Oklahoma City 

Total area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Omaha, Nebr.-Iowa S.M.SjV 

(Includes Douglas and Sarpy 
Counties, Nebr., and 
Pottawattoraie County, Iowa.) 

City of Omaha 

Total area actually reporting . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . 

Orlando, Fla. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Orange, Osceola, and 
Seminole Counties.) 

City of Orlando 

Total area actually reporting 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . 

Owensboro, Ky. S.M.S.A 

flncludes Daviess County.) 

City of Owensboro 

Total area actually reporting . 

Rate per 100.000 inhabitants . 

Oinard— Simi Valley— Ventura, Calif. 

SJVI.S.A 

(Includes Ventura County.) 
City of: 

Oxnard 

Simi Valley 

Total area actually reporting . 
Rale per 100,000 inhabitants . . 

Panama City, Fla. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Bay County.) 

City of Panama City 

Total area actually reporting 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . 
Parkersburg— Marietta, W. Va.— Ohio 

SJV1.S.A 

(Includes Wirt and Wood Counties, 
W. Va. and Washington County, 
Ohio.) 
City of 

Parkersburg 

Marietta 

Total area actually reporting . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . 
Paterson—CIiftoo— Passaic, N.J. 

SMSA 

(Includes Passaic County.) 
City of: 

Paterson 

Clifton 

Passaic 

Total area actually reporting . 
Rate per lOO.OOO inhabitants . . 

Pensacola, Fla. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Escambia and Santa Rosa 
Counties) 

City of Pensacola 

Total area actually reporting 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . 

Peoria, III. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Peoria Tazewell, and 
Woodford Counties.) 

City of Peoria 

Total area actually reporting . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .. 
See footnotes at end of table. 



414,523 
99.9% 
100.0% 



39,816 
16,476 
94.7% 
100.0% 



139,130 
75,014 
52,679 

100.0% 

302,212 



35,128 
57,027 
57,069 
6,665.0 



24,351 
35,633 
6,256.7 



3,101 
3,463 
4,019.2 



3,299 
6,292 
6,093.5 



5,446 
5,853 
3,613.7 



14,713 
3,630 
4,998 

32,722 
7,249.4 



22,768 
33,445 
5,872.5 



2,986 
3.314 
3,846.3 


2 
5 
5.8 


6,772 
2,799 
4,502 
22,877 
4,209.1 


17 

3 

32 
5.9 


2,853 
5,671 
5,492.1 


1 
8 

7.7 


2,506 


1 


5,164 
5,545 
3,423.5 


2 
2 
1.2 


12,425 
3,338 
4,434 

29,188 
6,466.5 


41 
1 
7 

52 
11.5 


4,386 
19,377 
6,411.7 


19 
6.3 


10,377 
17,155 
17,252 
4,699.9 


8 
17 
17 
4.6 



12,364 
19,271 
19,284 
2,252.2 



5,180 
22.553 
3,0554 



15,239 
22,301 
3,915.7 



316 


2,058 


4,038 


74 


996 


1,608 


339 


1,225 


2,981 


1.260 


7,661 


13,343 


231.8 


1,409.5 


2,454.9 


365 


666 


2,067 


480 


1.591 


3,805 



383 
3,236 
3,498 
2,159.7 



359 



APPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 1981— Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Crime 
total 



Modified 
Cnme 
Index 
total' 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Forcible 



Va. SMSA 

(Includes Colonial Heights, 

Hopewell, and Petersburg 

Cities and Dinwiddie and 

Prince George Counties.) 

City of; 

Petersburg 

Colonial Heights 

Hopewell 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100,000 mhabilanis .... 

Philadelphia, Pa.-NJ. SMS A. 

(Includes Bucks, Chester, Delaware, 
Montgomery, and Philadelphia 
Counties, Pa., and Burlington, 
Camden, and Gloucester Counties, 
N.J.) 

City of Philadelphia 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Phoenix, Ariz. SA1,S.A 

(Includes Maricopa County.) 

City of Phoenix 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Pine Bluff, Ark. SMSA. 

(Includes Jefferson County.) 

City of Pine Bluff 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Pittsburgh, Pa. S.Mi!jl 

(Includes Allegheny, Beaver, 
Washington, and Westmoreland 
Counties.) 

City of Pittsburgh 

Total area actually reporting . . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 

Pittsfield, Mass. SJV1.S.A 

(Includes Berkshire County.) 

City of Pittsfield 

Total area actually reporting . . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

Portland, Maine SAi.SA. 

(Includes Cumberland County.) 

City of Portland 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

PorUand, Oreg.-Wash. SMS.A 

(Includes Clackamas, Multnomah and 
Washington Counties, Oreg., and 
Clark County, Wash.) 

City of Portland 

Total area actually reporting . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

Pooghkeepsie, N.Y. SMS.A 

(Includes Dutchess County.) 

City of Poughkeepsie 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . 
ProTidence— Warwick— Pawtucket, R.I. 

SJM.SJV 

(Includes Bristol, Kent, Providence, 
and Washington Counties.) 
City of 

Providence 

Warwick 

Pawtucket 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 
See footnotes at end of table. 



16,861 
23,814 
100.0% 



1,686,8M 


100,552 


99.8% 


250,295 


100.0% 


250,564 




5,306.7 


1,554,771 




794,983 


81,370 


100.0% 


131,477 




8,456,4 


91,157 




57,059 


3,879 


97.5% 


4,763 


100.0% 


4,878 




5,351.2 



425,632 


31,384 


99.8% 


76,288 


100.0% 


76,416 




3,370.6 


14S3«3 




52,320 


2,825 


91,2% 


5,836 


100.0% 


6,381 




4,371.1 


217,164 




62,031 


7,077 


100.0% 


13,870 




6,386.9 



369,518 
99,9% 
100.0% 



157,540 
87,632 
71,496 

100.0% 



50,432 
104,984 
105,097 
8,386.9 



2,637 
8,780 
3,578.4 



15,548 
5,914 
3,754 

49,989 
5,745.2 



17,616 
29,678 
29,696 



75,051 
121,635 
7,823.3 



3,532 
4,312 
4,421 
4,849,9 



25,401 
66,648 
66,767 
2,945,0 



6,557 
13,126 
6,044.3 



43,980 
96,155 
96,263 
7,682.0 



2,433 
8,127 
3,312,3 



15,368 
15,374 
325.6 



4,288 
5,653 
5,656 

249.5 



3,072 
3,966 
3,967 
316.6 



405 
1,610 
1,226.5 



26,676 
70,110 
70,178 
1,436.3 



23,052 
35,690 
2,295.5 



8,843 
21,520 
21,552 

950.6 



2,273 
4,264 
1,963.5 



32,205 
32,235 
2,572.4 



1,208 
4,949 
!,770.3 



39,731 
120,266 
120,427 
2,550.5 



2,232 
2,624 
2,700 
2,961,9 



34,761 
34,838 
1,5367 



3,272 
3,538 
2,423,6 



3,883 
8,146 
3.751,1 



1,364 
4,926 
2,007,7 



360 



APPENfDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard MetropoUtan Stetistical Areas, 1981— Continued 



Standard MeUopolitan I 



Index 
total 



Modified 
Crime 

total' 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



Forcible 
rape 



ProTO-Orem, Utah SJMSA 

(Includes Utah County.) 
City of: 

Prove 

Orem 

Total area actually reporting 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

PkMo, Colo. SMSX 

(Includes Pueblo County.) 

City of Pueblo 

Total area actually reporting 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitanU 

Racine, Wis. SJVLSA 

(Includes Racine County.) 

City of Racine 

Total area actually reporting 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 
Raleigh— Durham, N.C. SMSA. ... 
(Includes Durham, Orange and 
Wake Counties.) 
City of 

Raleigh 

Durham 

Total area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Readmg, Pi. SAJ.SA 

(Includes Berks County.) 

City of Reading 

Total area actually reporting 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Redding, Ca. SMSX 

(Includes Shasta County) 

City of Redding 

Total area actually reporting 
Rale per 100,000 inhabitants 

Reno, Ne». SM.SA 

(Includes Washoe County.) 

City of Reno 

Total area actually reporting 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Richland-Kennewick— Pasco, Wash. 

SMSA 

(Includes Benton and Franklin 
Counties.) 
City of: 

Richland 

Kennewick 

Pasco 

Total area actually reporting 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 

Richmond, Va. S.MSA 

(Includes Richmond City and 
Charles City, Chesterfield, 
Goochland, Hanover, Henrico, 
New Kent, and Powhatan 
Counties.) 

City of Richmond 

Total area actually reporting 

Rale per 100,000 inhabitants 

Riiereide— San Bernardino— Ontario, 

Calif. SMSA 

(Includes Riverside and San 
Bernardino Counties.) 
City of 

Riverside 

San Bernardino 

Ontario 

Total area actually reporting 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants 
See footnotes at end of table. 



151,155 
101,557 
99.9% 
100.0% 

313,594 

78,M8 



204,695 

106,579 



34,316 
34,420 
17,423 
98.6% 



174,417 
119,962 
90,170 
100.0% 



10,746 
35,100 
35,150 
6,578.5 



5,103 
9,476 
3,021.7 



9,775 
15,570 
7,606.4 



1,533 
2,596 
2,309 
7,853 
8,023 
5,468.1 



24,766 
45,943 
7,241.9 



15,361 
17,327 
7,666 
126,188 
7,991.6 



2,548 
2,114 
8,372 
3,707.5 



7,017 
7,992 
6,173.9 



10,366 
10,134 
33,023 
33,068 
6,188.8 



3,266 
6,448 
5,462.3 



9,015 
14,395 
7,032.4 



1,424 
2,503 
2,172 
7,398 
7,559 
5,151.8 



22,098 
42,448 
6,691.0 



1,567 


13,794 


1,967 


15,360 


974 


6,692 


2,305 


113,883 


779.3 


7,212.3 



631 

721 
557.0 



2,107 
2,396 
1,850.9 



2,286 
3,135 
1,796.0 



2,599 
2,764 
9,040 
9,053 
1,6943 



683 
1,857 
1,897 
1,292.9 



7,412 
12,698 
2,001.6 



4,427 
5,163 
2,555 
41,551 
2,631.5 



6,620 
2,931.6 



4,639 
5,262 
4,064.9 



4,539 
7,007 
»,0I4.3 



7,345 
6,988 
22,664 



2,668 
5,492 
1,751.3 



2,156 
4,172 
3,534.2 



1,389 
5,216 
5,330 
3,632.7 



13,649 
27,992 
4,412.3 



APPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 1981— Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Crime 
Index 
total 



and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



Roanoke, Va. SMSA 

(Includes Roanoke and Salem Cities 
and Botetourt, Craig and Roanoke 
Counties.) 

City of Roanoke 

Total area actually reporting . . 
Rate per 100.000 mhabitants ... 

Rochester, Minn. SM.SA. 

(Includes Olmsted County.) 

City of Rochester 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rate per 100,000 mhabitants . . . 

Rochester, N.Y. SMSA 

(Includes Livingston, Monroe, 
Ontario, Orleans and Wayne 
Counties.) 

City of Rochester 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rale per 100,000 inhabitants ... 

Rockford, Dl. SMSA. 

(Includes Boone and Winnebago 
Counties.) 

City of Rockford 

Total area actually reporting ,. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

Rock HiU, S.C. S.M.S,A 

(Includes York County.) 

City of Rock HUl 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 

Sacramento, Calif. SA1,$JV 

(Includes Placer, Sacramento and 
Yolo Counties.) 

City of Sacramento 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rale per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

Saginaw, Mich. SMSA 

(Includes Saginaw County.) 

City of Saginaw 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 

Saint Ooud, Minn. SM.SA 

(Includes Benton, Sherburne and 
Steams Counties) 

City of Samt Cloud 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . 

Saint Joseph, Mo. SMSA 

(Includes Andrew and Buchanan 
Counties.) 

City of Samt Joseph 

Total area actually reporting ,. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

Saint Louis, Mo.-DI. SJVJ.SA 

(Includes Saint Louis City and 
Franklm, Jefferson, Saint Charles 
and Saint Ixiuis Counties, Mo. 
and Clinton, Madison, Monroe 
and Saint Clair Counties, 111.) 

City of Saint Louis 

Total area actually reporting ,. 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 mhabitants . . . 

Salem, Greg. SA1.S,A 

(Includes Marion and Polk 
Counties.) 

City of Salem 

Total area actually reporting . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . 
See footnotes at end of table. 



2,837 
3,494 
3,779.6 



27,291 
55,795 
5,723.9 



3,483 
7,350 
6,766.7 



36,661 
95,823 
9,232.4 



9,975 
18,460 
8,145.8 



454,166 


62,654 


93.5% 


142,622 


100.0% 


148,431 




6,296.8 


252,577 




90,408 


8,434 


99.3% 


16,828 


100.0% 


16,941 




6,707.3 



10,364 
16,001 
16,356 
693.9 



2,760 
3,400 
3,677.9 



24,320 
51,899 
5,324.2 



11,771 
19,060 
6,775.8 



3,115 
6,512 
5,995.2 



33,126 
88,271 
8,504.8 



8,709 
16,591 
7,321.0 



2.759 
4,967 
3,029.1 



5,358 
5,883 
5,739.0 



52,290 
126,621 
132,075 
5,603.0 



8,148 
15,848 
15,956 
6,317.3 



1,833 
3,574 
344.4 



5,365 
6,937 
7,022 
297.9 



1,546 

2,143 
219.8 



308 
690 
635.2 



1,421 
3,306 
318,5 



7,893 
8,134 
345.1 



7,827 
14,185 
1,455.2 



4,415 
6,788 
2,413.1 



925 
2,227 
2,050.3 



10,835 
26,851 
2,587.1 



19,214 
41,985 
43,695 
1,853.7 



6,260 
9,063 
3,977.0 



6,972 
11,595 
4,122.0 



19,981 
55,132 
5,311.9 



2,266 
3,784 
2,307.7 



3,485 
3,780 
3,687.5 



27,195 
72,371 
75,641 
3,208.9 



5,617 
10,617 
10,690 
4,232.4 



362 



APPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 1981— Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical , 



Crime 
total 



Modified 
Crime 



Murder 
negligent 
slaughter 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Calif. 

SM.SA 

(Includes Monterey County.) 
City of: 

Salinas 

Seaside 

Monterey 

Total area actually reporting , . , 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

Salisbury-Concord, N.C. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Cabarrus and Rowan 
Counties.) 
City of; 

Salisbury 

Concord 

Total area actually reporting , , , 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100.000 inhabitants . , , . 
Salt Lake Ot}— Ogden, UUh S.M.S.A. 
(Includes Davis, Salt Lake, Tooele, 
and Weber Counties.) 
City of: 

Salt Lake City 

Ogden 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rale per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 

San Aigelo, Tei. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Tom Green County ) 

City of San Angelo 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ,,.. 

San Antonio, Tex. S.M,S.A 

(Includes Beiar, Comal and 
Guadalupe Counties.) 

City of San Antonio 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants , . , . 

San Diego, Calif. S.M.S.A 

(Includes San Diego County.) 

City of San Diego 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . , . 
San Francisco— Oakland, Calif. S.M.S.A 
(Includes Alameda, Contra Costa, 
Marin, San Francisco and San 
Mateo Counties.) 
City of: 

San Francisco 

Oakland 

Total area actually reporting . . . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 

San Jose, Calif. S.M.SJ4 

(Includes Santa Clara County) 

City of San Jose 

Total area actually reporting . . 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

Santa Barbara— Santa Maria— Lompoc, 

Calif, SM.SA 

(Includes Santa Barbara County.) 
City of: 

Santa Barbara 

Santa Maria 

Lompoc 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

Santa Cruz, Calif. SAl.SA 

(Includes SanU Cruz County ) 

City of Santa Cruz 

Total area actually reporting . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

Santa Rosa, Calif. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Sonoma County.) 

City of Santa Rosa 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 
See footnotes at end of table. 



82,579 
30,876 
28,245 



23,073 
17,161 
96.6% 
100.0% 



692,092 
347,736 
99.8% 



2,520 
18,345 
6,312.4 



6,451 
6,909 
3,680.1 



20,849 
6,788 
68,316 
7,028.4 



62,035 
73,248 
6,572.6 



66.123 
120,408 
123,060 
6,453.3 



71,812 
44,678 
276,795 
277,383 
8,375.5 



54,514 

97,877 
7,387.9 



4,599 
12,703 
6,621.4 



2,358 
16,559 
5,697.8 



897 
5,847 
6,255 
3,331.8 



57,384 
67,885 
6,091.4 



12,011 


59,801 


7,(),t6 


37,642 


30,809 


245,986 


30,864 


246,519 


931.9 


7,443,6 


4,122 


50,392 


7,074 


90,803 


534.0 


6,853.9 



5,854 
16.312 
5,436, 



7,386 
3,836 
16,011 
16,034 



2,070 
3,249 
245.2 



2,255 
2,729 
244.9 



5,370 
5,493 
288.1 



3,827 
2,652 
12,469 
12,496 

377.3 



17,715 
14.171 
74,130 
74,298 
2,243.4 



14,932 
25,642 
1,935.5 



3.803 
4,079 
2,172.7 



3,224 
3,478 
3,943.4 



33,851 
60,858 
62,292 
3,266.6 



35,337 
20,070 
152,036 
152,354 
4,600.3 



APPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 1981— Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Crime 
Index 
total 



Modified 
Crime 

total' 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 



Aggra- 
vated 



Sarasota, Fla. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Sarasota County) 

City of Sarasota 

Total area actually reporting . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . 

Savannah, Ga. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Bryan. Chatham and 
EfTingham Counties.) 

City of Savannah 

Total area actually reporting . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . 

Seattle-Everett, Wash. S.M.S.A 

(Includes King and Snohomish 
Counties.) 
City of: 

Seattle 

Everett 

Total area actually reporting . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100.000 inhabitants . . 

Sharon, Pa. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Mercer County.) 

City of Sharon 

Total area actually reporting . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants , . 

Sheboygan, Wi. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Sheboygan County.) 

City of Sheboygan 

Total area actually reporting . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . 

Sherman— Denlson, Tex. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Grayson County.) 
City of: 

Sherman 

Denison 

Total area actually reporting . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants , . 

Shreteport, La. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Bossier, Caddo and 
Webster Parishes.) 

City of Shreveport 

Total area actually reporting . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . 
Sioux City, Iowa — Nebr. S.M.S.A. ... 
(Includes Woodbury County, Iowa, 
and Dakota County, Nebr.) 

City of Sioux City 

Total area actually reporting . 
Rate per 100,000 mhabitants .. 

Sioux FaUs, S. Dak. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Minnehaha County.) 

City of Sioux Falls 

Total area actually reporting . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . 

South Bend, Ind. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Marshall and Saint 
Joseph Counties.) 

City of South Bend 

Total area actually reporting . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . 

Spokane, Wash. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Spokane County.) 

City of Spokane 

Total area actually reporting . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .. 

Springfield, lU. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Menard and Sangamon 
Counties.) 

City of Springfield 

Total area actually reporting . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabiunts . . 
See footnotes at end of table. 



503,697 


55,764 


55,655 


6,072 


99.4% 


126,396 


100.0% 


127,245 


128,647 


7,763.0 


19,100 


925 


100.0% 


3,475 


102,284 


2,701.2 


48,718 


3,242 


100.0% 


4,325 




4,228.4 


92,883 




31,592 


2,400 


24,906 


1,643 



16.030 
21,705 
22,683 
5,873.9 



13,726 
17,447 
7,570.3 



50,350 
5,633 
117,380 
118,187 
7,210.4 



19,527 
20,408 
5,284.8 



10,938 
16,265 
5.843.2 



14,613 
22,409 
6,416.5 



7,648 
10,029 
10,233 
5,450,6 



4,067 
5,201 
2.256.7 



14,567 


32,835 


1,486 


3,813 


35,519 


75,211 


35,721 


75,779 


2,179.3 


4,623.1 


196 


604 


869 


2,184 


675.5 


1,697.7 


717 


2,418 


909 


3,255 


888.7 


3,182.3 



5,618 
5.848 
1,514.4 



9,705 
12,954 
13,546 



364 



APPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 1980— Continued 



Statistical Area 



Index 
total 



Modified 
Index 



Murder 
negligent 
slaughter 



Aggra- 
vated 
assault 



Springfield, Mo. SMSA 

(Includes Chnstian and Greene 
Counties.) 

City of Springfield 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Estimated total 

Rale per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 

Springfield, Ohio SM.SA 

(Includes Champaign and Clark 
Counties.) 

City of Springfield 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100.000 inhabitants . . . . 

State CoUege, Pa. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Centre County.) 

City of Stale College 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Stockton, Calif. SM.SjV 

(Includes San Joaquin County.) 

City of Stockton 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 

Syracuse, N.Y. SM.SA 

(Includes Madison. Onondaga and 
Oswego Counties.) 

City of Syracuse 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rale per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 

Tacoma, Wash. S.M.SjV 

(Includes Pierce County.) 

City of Tacoma 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Estimated total 

Rale per 100,000 inhabitants . . . . 

Tallahassee, Fla. SM.SJi 

(Includes Leon and Wakulla 
Counties.) 

City of Tallahassee 

Total area actually reporting . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 
Tampa— Saint Petersburg, Fla. S.M.S.A. 
(Includes Hillsborough, Pasco and 
Pinellas Counties.) 
City of; 

Saint Petersburg 

Total area actually reporting . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 

Terre Haute, Ind. SA1.S.A 

(Includes Clay, Sullivan, Vermillion 
and Vigo Counties.) 

City of Terre Haute 

Total area actually reportmg ., 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 
Teiarkana, Tex.— Tejarkana, Ark. 

S.M.S.A 

(Includes Bowie County. Tex., and 
Little River and Miller Counties, 
Ark.) 
City of: 

Texarkana, Tex 

Texarkana, Ark 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 
See footnotes at end of table. 



72,325 
95.4% 
100.0% 

113,315 

42,482 
100.0% 

356,556 

153,585 



13,414 
14,622 
15,328 
7,383.5 



16,193 
33,494 
34,269 
6,930.1 



9,783 
13,865 
8,307.0 



285,530 


40,856 


248,151 


20,894 


100.0% 


127.482 




7,739.9 


176,009 




61,075 


4,139 


75.4% 


6,331 


100.0% 


7,847 




4,458.3 



455 
500 
240.9 


14,167 
14,828 
7,142.7 


324 
471 
496 
2705 


4,813 

7,662 

8,035 

4,381.6 


27 
154 
135.9 


1,669 
4,497 
3,968.6 


1,746 
2,650 
743.2 


15,525 
27,943 
7,836.9 


1,356 
1,950 
301,8 


13,089 
30,335 
4,695.0 


1,356 
2,821 
2,859 
578.2 


14,837 
30,673 
31,410 
6,351.9 



35,182 
18,385 
113.514 



4,553 
4,782 
2,303.5 



12,575 
6,105 
39,441 
2,394.6 



892 

787.2 


3,465 
3,057.8 


5,171 
9,120 
2,557.8 


9,269 
17.042 
4,779.6 


4,957 
10,428 
1,614.0 


7,571 
18,668 
2,889.3 


4,855 
10,851 
11,035 
2,231.6 


9,103 
18,126 
18,645 
3,7705 


2,808 
3,983 
2,386.3 


5,568 
7,946 
4,760.7 



20,554 
11,750 
68,456 
4,156.2 



APPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, 1981— Continued 



Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 



Indej 
total 



Modified 
Clime 

total' 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 



Forcible 
rape 



Aggra- 
assault 



Toledo, Ohio-Mich. SMSA 

(Includes Fulton, Lucas, Ottawa, and 
Wood Counties, Ohio and Monroe 
County, Mich.) 

City of Toledo 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Topeka, Kans. SM.SA 

(Includes Jefferson, Osage, and 
Shawnee Counties.) 

City of Topeka 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Trenton, N.J. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Mercer County.) 

City of Trenton 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Tucson, Ariz. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Pima County.) 

City of Tucson 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Tolsa, Okla. SM.SX 

(Includes Creek, Mayes, Osage, 
Rogers, Tulsa, and Wagoner 
Counties.) 

City of Tulsa 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Tuscaloosa, Ala. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Tuscaloosa County.) 

City of Tuscaloosa 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rale per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Tyler, Tex. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Smith County.) 

City of Tyler 

Total area actually reporting ... 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Utica-Rome, N.Y. SAI.S.A 

(Includes Herkimer and Oneida 
Counties.) 
City of 

Utica 

Rome 

Total area actually reporting ... 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 
Vallejo-Fairfleld-Napa, Calif. S.M.SA 

(Includes Napa and Solano 
Counties.) 

City of 

Vallejo 

Fairfield 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 

Victoria, Te«. S.M.S.A 

(Includes Victoria County.) 

City of Victoria 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 
Vinehind-MillTiUe-Bridgelon, N.J. 

SMSJ^ 

(Includes Cumberland County.) 
City of: 

Vineland 

MUlville , 

Bridgeton 

Total area actually reporting . . . 
Rale per 100,000 inhabitants ... 
See footnotes at end of table. 



354,861 
99.6% 
100.0% 



367,234 
99.8% 
100.0% 



75,811 
43,950 
97.1% 



53,475 
25,484 
18,915 
100.0% 



34,090 
51,586 
51,724 
6,546.9 



10,742 
12,447 
6,683.5 



9,793 
21,405 
6,946.8 



37,241 
47,929 
8,760.5 



30,257 
40,581 
40,649 
5,802.8 



5,688 
8,264 
5,971.5 



6,378 
7,843 
5,9143 



2,774 
1,903 
9,874 
10,278 
3,200.9 



79,204 


5,912 


59,144 


3,952 


51,220 


3,520 


100.0% 


20,595 




6,160.5 


71,501 




52,797 


3,541 


100.0% 


4,063 




6,706.8 



31,379 
47,894 
48,023 
6,078.5 



8,318 
19,505 
6,330.2 



34,431 
44,437 
8,122.2 



27,579 
36,971 
37,035 
5,286.9 



6,014 
7,342 
5,536.5 



9,457 
9,836 
3,063.2 



3,300 
3,795 
6,250.4 



2,161 
2,164 
308.9 



3,759 
4,383 
2,353.5 



3,375 
6,675 
2,166.3 



10,521 
13,530 
2,473.0 



10,271 
13,857 
13,878 



19,737 
30,610 
30,698 
3,885.e 



5,880 
6,774 
3,637.4 



22,126 
28,617 
5,230.6 



14,115 
19,093 
19,131 
2,731.0 



5,478 
5,726 
1,783.2 



2,310 
12,961 
3,877.0 



APPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard Metropolitan SUtistical Areas, 1981— Continued 



Standard Metropolian Statistical Area 



Modified 

Index 
total' 



Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

man- 
slaughter 



Forcible 



Visalia-Tulare-Porterrille, C«. SAl.Sji. 
(Includes Tulare County.) 
City of: 

Porterville 

Total area actually reporting . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 

Waco, Tex. S.M,S.A 

(Includes McLennan County.) 

City of Waco 

Total area actually reporting . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . , . 
Washington, D.C.-Md.-Va. S.M.S.A. 
(Includes Distnct of Columbia, 
Charles, Montgomery, and Pnnce 
Georges Counties, Md., Alexandna, 
Fairfax, Falls Church, Manassas, 
and Manassas Park Cities, and 
Arlington, Fairfax, Loudoun, and 
Prince William Counties, Va.) 

City of Washington 

Total area actually reporting . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 

Wausau, Wi, SJV1,S.A 

(Includes Marathon County ) 

City of Wausau 

Total area actually reporting .. 
Rale per 100,000 inhabitants ... 
West Palm Beach— Boca Raton, Fla. 

S.M.S.A 

(Includes Palm Beach County.) 
City of 

West Palm Beach 

Boca Raton 

Total area actually reporting . . 
Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . 

Wichita, Kans. S.M.SjV 

(Includes Butler and Sedgwick 
Counties.) 

City of Wichita 

Total area actually reporlmg . . 
Rate per 100,000 mhabitants . . . 

WichiU Falls, Tei. SJV1,S.A 

(Includes Clay and Wichita 
Counties.) 

City of Wichita Falls 

Total area actually reportmg , . 
Rate per 100,000 mhabitants . . . 

WUliamsport, Pa. SJVJ.S.A 

(Includes Lycoming County.) 

City of Williamsporl 

Total area actually reporting .. 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 

Wilmington, DeI.-N.J.-Md. S.M,SA 

(Includes New Castle County, Del., 

Salem County, N.J., and Cecil 

County, Md.) 

City of Wilmington 

Total area actually reporting . . 
Rale per 100,000 mhabitants . . . 

Wilmington, N.C. SJV1,S.A 

(Includes Brunswick and New 
Hanover Counties.) 

City of Wilmington 

Total area actually reportmg . 

Estimated total 

Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . 
See footnotes at end of table. 



50,872 


4,786 


23,063 


1,001 


20,106 


2,382 


100.0% 


15,463 




6,159.2 


177,640 




105,449 


8,701 


100.0% 


11,338 



100.0% 
127,708 



67,910 
215,211 
6,975.3 



4,072 
57,249 
9,760.9 



25,383 
30,570 
7,349.4 



7,322 
8,357 
6,1767 



2,219 
4,443 
3,735.3 



8,329 
34,648 
6,574.0 



5,363 
9,623 
9,711 
6,875.3 



7,957 
10,442 
5,878.2 



53,442 
188,363 
6,105.1 



9,107 
3,868 
50,316 
8,578.8 



7,596 
32,028 
6,076.9 



8,660 
8,739 
6,187.1 



10,399 
17,210 
557.8 



1,516 


2,690 


433 


376 


521 


1,568 


4,767 


8,366 


1,898.8 


3,332.3 


2,252 


5,410 


2,987 


7,078 


1,681.5 


3,984.5 



2,815 
2,837 
2,008.6 



32,845 
122,430 
3.968.1 



15,798 
18,915 
4,547.4 



4,717 
20,800 
3,946.5 



3,275 
5,375 
5,429 
3,843.7 



367 



APPENDIX VI— Index of Crime, Standard MetropoUtan 


Statistical 


Areas, 


1981-Co 


ntinued 














Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area 


Population 


Crime 
Index 
total 


Modified 
Cnme 
Index 
total' 


Violent 
cnme" 


Property 
crune" 


Murder 
and non- 
negligent 

slaughter 


Forcible 
rape 


Robbery 


Aggra- 
vated 
assault 


Burglary 


Larceny- 
theft 


Motor 
vehicle 
theft 


Arson' 


Yakima, Wash. S.M.S.A 


174,863 


























(Includes Yakima County.) 




























City of Yakima 


50,663 


6,831 




386 


6,445 


2 


29 


130 


225 


1,546 


4,739 


160 




Total area actually reportmg ... 


97.1% 


13,018 




813 


12,205 


10 


76 


180 


547 


3,323 


8,416 


466 




Estunated total 


100.0% 


13,441 




834 


12,607 


10 


78 


185 


561 


3,423 


8,699 


485 




Rate per 100,000 mhabitants .... 




7,686.6 




476.9 


7,209.6 


5.7 


44.6 


105.8 


320,8 


1,957.5 


4,974.8 


277.4 




York, Pa. SJVl.Sjl 


381,885 


























(Includes Adams and York 




























Count.es.) 




























City of York 


44,614 


4,078 




291 


3,787 


7 


19 


197 


68 


1,295 


2.225 


267 




Total area actually reporting ... 


100.0% 


14,051 




605 


13,446 


17 


46 


294 


248 


4,006 


8.695 


745 




Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 




3,679.4 




158.4 


3,521.0 


45 


12.0 


77.0 


64,9 


1,049.0 


2.276.9 


195.1 




Youngstown-Warren, Ohio, SJMI.S,A. .. 


530439 


























(Includes Mahoning and Trumbull 




























Counties.) 




























City of: 






























115.517 


9,724 




1,552 


8,172 


28 


47 


748 


729 


3,572 


3.972 


628 




Warren 


55,518 


3,649 




454 


3,195 


6 


35 


215 


198 


1,575 


1.382 


238 




Total area actually reporting . . 


96.5% 


24,625 




2,873 


21,752 


44 


105 


1,207 


1,517 


7,966 


11,862 


1,924 




Estimated total 


100.0% 


25,493 




2,929 


22,564 


45 


108 


1,224 


1,552 


8,154 


12,419 


1,991 




Rate per 100,000 inhabitants . . . 




4,806.9 




552,3 


4,254.6 


8.5 


20.4 


230.8 


292,6 


1,537.5 


2,341.7 


375.4 




Yuba aty, Ca. SJM,S.A 


104,723 


























Oncludes Suiter and Yuba Counties.) 




























City of Yuba City 


19,274 


1,653 




59 


1,594 




4 


18 


37 


526 


982 


86 




Total area actually reporting ... 


96.9% 


6,657 




659 


5,998 


14 


25 


89 


531 


1,988 


3,667 


343 




Estimated total 


100.0% 


6,888 




680 


6,208 


14 


26 


98 


542 


2,054 


3,792 


362 




Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 





6,577.4 




649.3 


5,928.0 


13.4 


248 


93.6 


517.6 


1,961.4 


3,621.0 


345,7 




San Juan, Puerto Rico S,M,S,A 


1,071,070 


























Total area actually reporting ... 


100.0% 


48,657 




8,736 


39,921 


290 


221 


5,952 


2,273 


16,712 


14,082 


9,127 




Rate per 100,000 inhabitants ... 




4,542.8 




815.6 


3,727.2 


27,1 


206 


555.7 


212.2 


1,560.3 


1,3148 


852.1 




Ciguas, Puerto Rico SM.SA 


175,723 


























Total area actually reporting . . . 


100.0% 


5,357 




1,134 


4,223 


39 


24 


635 


. 436 


2,162 


1,484 


577 




Rate per 100,000 mhabitants .... 




3,048.5 




645.3 


2,403.2 


22.2 


13.6 


361.4 


248.1 


1,2303 


844.5 


328.4 




Mayagucz, Puerto Rico SJ«.S.A 


130,875 


























Total area actually reporting ... 


100.0% 


4,207 




578 


3,629 


15 


11 


197 


355 


1,856 


1,543 


230 




Rate per 100,000 inhabitants .... 




3,2145 




441.7 


2,772.9 


11.5 


8.4 


150.5 


271.3 


1,418.1 


1,179.0 


175.7 




Pooce, Puerto Rico SMSA 


253,826 


























Total area actually reporting ... 


100.0% 


9,530 




1,341 


8,189 


30 


40 


495 


776 


3.785 


3,890 


514 




Rate per 100,000 mhabitants .... 




3,7545 




528.3 


3,226.2 


11.8 


15.8 


195,0 


305.7 


1,491.2 


1,532.5 


202.5 





'Although arson data were introduced in the trend and clearance tables with 
: shown in Table 5. 

"Violent crimes are offenses of murder, forcible rape, robbery and aggravated assault. 
^Property crimes are offenses of burglary, larceny— theft, and motor vehicle theft Data 



sufficient data are not available t 



; totals for this offease. Arson data for individual c 



: not mcluded for the property crime of a 



U.S. GOVERNMEOT PRINTING OFFICE : 1982 - 377-928 OL ; 



368 



U.S. Department of Justice 

Federal Bureau of Investigation 



Official Business 

Penalty for Private Use $300 



Postage and Fees Paid 
Federal Bureau of Investigation 
Jus 432 




Washington. D. C. 20535 

Address Correction Requested 



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