(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "Uniform and dress of the army of the Confederate States"






mm 



%^ 



:> o 



mm 






w'W.-v 



*■& ^> ^s 






^:0 ' > 






*'£ 



»u'w 



W J " 



^■'Mmi 



:^> 



>^| 5 3> & ; 












i>W 



3^^ 
-^j»&-^. 



% 



M 






'3 



39? 



ma 



9A 



3 J5CS>' 



; ' €T, - . ,/* 



U^/, 






----- *i 



m 









c 



Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2011 with funding from 

The Institute of Museum and Library Services through an Indiana State Library LSTA Grant 



http://www.archive.org/details/uniformdressofarOOconf 



S- j y- Vy v 




HHIF'OWMD DRESS 



OF TH 




i 



A. R M Y 



. " iaa ^-4\1 



<6^ 



tl 



1 




UNIFORM AND DRESS 



OF THE 



\ 



•?.*• 







OF THE 



> 



• * 






CONFEDERATE STATES. 



ADJUTANT AND INSPECTOR GENERAL'S OFFICE, 
Richmond, September 12, 1861. 

The work styled the " Uniform and Dress of the Army of the Confederate States," for which a 
copyright has been secured by Blanton Duncan, is published by authority. 

S. COOPER, 
Adjutant and Inspector General. 



• RICHMOND: 

CHAS. H. WYNNE, PRINTER, 94 MAIN STREET, 

LITHOGRAPHS BY E. CREHEN. 

1861. 



Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1861, by 

BLANTON DUNCAN, 

In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the Confederate States for the Eastern District of Virginia. 









ADJUTANT AND INSPECTOR GENERAL'S OFFICE, 
Richmond, Va., June 6, 1861. 



General Orders, ' 

No. 9. 



Sitfovai Htib $xm of t\t 




TUNIC. 

For Commissioned Officers. 

1 All Officers shall wear a tunic of gray cloth, known as 

cadet gray ; the skirt to extend halfway between the hip and the 
knee ; double breasted for all grades. . 

2 For a Brigadier General — Two rows of buttons^ on the 

breast, eight in each row, placed in pairs ; the distance between 
the rows four inches at top and three inches at bottom ; stand-up 
collar, to rise no higher than to permit the chin to turn freely 
over it; to hook in front at the bottom, and slope thence up, and _ 
backward, at an angle of thirty degrees, on each side ; tSffffs'two 
and a half inches deep on the under side, there to~be TiuttjBied 
with three small buttons, and sloped upwards to a point at a 
distance of four inches from the end of the' sleeve; pockets in 
the folds of the skirt, with one button at the^hip and one at the 
end of each pocket, making four buttons"on the back and skirt 
of the tunic, the hip buttons to range with the lowest breast <? 
buttons. 

3 For a Colonel — the same as for a Brigadier General, 

except that there will be only seven buttons in each row on the 
breast, placed at equal distances. 

4 For a Lieutenant Colonel, Major, Captain and Lieuten- 
ant — the same as for a Colonel. 

For Enlisted Men. 

5 The uniform coat for 'all enlisted mefTghall be a "double 

breasted tunic of gray cloth,-known as cade't gray, "with the skirt 
extending halfway between the hip and tHSwknee ; two rows of 
buttons on the breast, seven in each row ; _th^5;distance between 
the rows four inches at top and three inches"at bottoifi ; stand-up 
collar, to rise no higher .than to permit the chin to turn freely 
over it ; to hook in front at the bottom, and slope thence back- 
wards at an angle of thirty degrees on each side ; cuffs two and 
a half inches deep at the under seam, to button with two small 
buttons, and to be slightly pointed on the upper part of the arm ; 
pockets in the folds of the skirts. The collars and cuffs to be 
of the color prescribed for facings for the respective arms of 
service, and the edges of the tunic to be trimmed throughout 



with the same colored cloth. Narrow lining in the skirts of the 
tunic of gray material. 

FACINGS. 

6 The facings for General Officers, and for Officers of the 

Adjutant General's Department, the Quartermaster General's De- 
partment, the Commissary General's Department, and the Engi- 
neers — buff. The tunic for all officers to be edged throughout 
with the facings designated. 

7 For the Medical Department — black. 

8 For the Artillery — red. 

9 For the Cavalry — yellow. 

10 For the Infantry — light blue. 

11 For fatigue purposes, a light gray blouse, double breasted, 

with two rows of small buttons, seven in each row; small, turn- 
's over collar, may be issued to the troops. 

12 On all occasions of duty, except fatigue, and when out 

of quarters, the coat will be buttoned and hooked at the collar. 
Officers on bureau duty may wear the tunic open. 

BUTTONS. 

13 For General Officers and Officers of the General Staff- 
bright gilt, rounded at the edge, convex, raised eagle in the centre, 
with stars surrounding it ; large size, one inch in exterior diameter ; 
small size, half an inch. 

14 For Officers of the Corps of Engineers, the same as for 

the General Staff, except that, in place of the eagle and stars, 
there will be a raised E in German text. 

15 For Officers of Artillery, Infantry, Riflemen and Cav- 
alry — gilt, convex, plain, with large raised letter in the centre: 
A, for the Artillery; I, for the Infantry; R, for the Riflemen; 
C, for the Cavalry ; large size, seven-eighths of an inch in exterior 
diameter; small size, half an inch. 

16 Aides-de-Camp may wear the button of the General Staff, 

or of their regiments or corps, at their option. 

17 For enlisted men of Artillery — yellow, convex, large 

raised letter A in the centre ; three-quarters of an inch in exterior 
diameter. 



UNIFORM AND DRESS OF THE ARMY OF THE CONFEDERATE STATES. 



18 For all other enlisted men, the same as for the Artillery, 

except that the number of the regiment, in large figures, ■will be 
substituted for the letter A. 

TROWSERS. 

19 The uniform trowsers for both officers and enlisted men 

•will be of cloth throughout the year ; made loose, and to spread 
well over the foot ; of light (or sky) blue color for regimental 
officers and enlisted men ; and of dark blue cloth for all other 
officers ; reinforced for the Cavalry. 

20 For General Officers — two stripes of gold lace on the 

outer seam, one-eighth of an inch apart, and each five-eighths of 
an inch in width. 

21 For Officers of the Adjutant General's Department, the 

Quartermaster General's Department, the Commissary General's 
Department, and the Corps of Engineers — one stripe of gold lace 
on the outer seam, one inch and a quarter in width. 

22 For the Medical Department — -a black velvet stripe, one 

inch and a quarter in width, with a gold cord on each edge of the 
stripe. 

23 For Eegimental Officers — a stripe of cloth on the outer 

seam, one inch and a quarter in width ; color according to corps : 
for Artillery, red ; Cavalry, yellow ; Infantry, dark blue. 

.24 For the non-commissioned staff of regiments and for all 

sergeants, a stripe of cotton webbing or braid on the outer seam, 
one and a quarter inch in width ; color according to arm of 
service. 

25 For all other enlisted men — plain. 

CHAPEAIT, OR COCKED HAT. 

26 A chapeau, or cocked hat, will be worn by General 

Officers and Officers of the General Staff and Corps of Engineers, 
of what is called the French pattern ; the model to be deposited 
in the office of the Quartermaster General. 

27 Forage cap for officers — a cap similar in form to that 

known as the French kepi, according to pattern to be deposited in 
the office of the Quartermaster General. 

28 Uniform cap — according to pattern to be deposited in 

the office of the Quartermaster General. 

POMPON. 

29 For the Artillery — red. 

30 For the Infantry— light blue. 

31 For the Cavalry — yellow. 

CRAVAT, OR STOCK. 

32 For all officers — black. When a cravat is worn, the tie 

not to be visible at the opening of the collar. 

33 For enlisted men — black leather, according to pattern. 

BOOTS. 

34 For all officers — ankle or Jefferson. 

35 For enlisted men of Cavalry — ankle and Jefferson, 

according to pattern. 

36 For other enlisted men — Jefferson, according to pattern. 

SPURS. 

37 For all mounted officers — yellow metal or gilt. 

38 For enlisted mounted men — yellow metal, according to 

pattern. 



GLOVES. 

39 For General Officers, and Officers of the General Staff 

and Staff Corps — buff or white. 

40 For officers of Artillery, Infantry and Cavalry — white. 

SASH. 

41 For General Officers — buff silk net, with silk bullion 

fringe ends ; sash to go twice around the waist, and to tie behind 
the left hip ; pendent part not to extend more than eighteen inches 
below the tie. 

42 For officers of the General Staff and Engineers, and of 

the Artillery and Infantry — red silk net. For officers of the 
Cavalry — yellow silk net. For medical officers — green silk net. 
All with silk bullion fringe ends ; to go around the waist, and to 
tie as for General Officers. 

43 For Sergeants — of worsted, with worsted bullion fringe 

ends : red for Artillery and Infantry, and yellow for Cavalry. 
To go twice around the waist, and to tie as above specified. 

SWORD BELT. 

44 For all officers — a waist belt, not less than one and one- 
half inches, nor more than two inches wide ; to be worn over the 
sash ; the sword to be suspended from it by slings of the same 
material as the belt, with a hook attached to the belt upon which 
the sword may be hung. 

45 For General Officers— Bussian leather, with three stripes 

of gold embroidery; the slings embroidered on both sides. 

46. ... t .. For all other officers — black leather, plain. * 

47 For all non-commissioned officers — black leather, plain. 

SWORD BELT PLATE. 

48 For all officers and enlisted men — gilt, rectangular ; two 

inches wide, with a raised bright rim ; a silver wreath of laurel 
encircling the "arms of the Confederate States." 

SWORD AND SCABBARD. 

49 For all officers — according to patterns to be deposited 

in the Ordnance Bureau. 

SWORD KNOT. 

50 For all officers — of plaited leather, with tassels. 

BADGES TO DISTINGUISH RANK. 

51 On the sleeve of the tunic, rank will be distinguished 

by an ornament of gold braid, (in form as represented in the 
drawing,) extending around the seam of the cuff, and up the 
outside of the arm to the bend of the elbow. To be of one braid 
for lieutenants ; two, for captains ; three, for field officers ; and 
four, for general officers. The braid to be one-eighth of an inch 
in width. 

52 On the front part of the collar of the tunic, the rank 

of officers will be distinguished as follows: 

53 General Officers — A wreath, with three stars enclosed, 

embroidered in gold. The edge of the wreath to be three-fourths 
of an inch from the front edge of the collar ; the stars to be 
arranged horizontally; the centre one to be one and one-fourth 
inches in exterior diameter, and the others three-fourths of an 
inch. 

54 Colonel — Three stars, embroidered in gold, arranged 

horizontally, and dividing equally the vertical space of the collar. 
Each star to be one and one-fourth inches in exterior diameter ; 



UNIFORM AND DRESS OF THE ARMY OF THE CONFEDERATE STATES. 



the front star to be three-fourths of an inch from the edge of 
the collar. 

55 Lieutenant Colonel — Two stars of same material, size 

and arrangement as for a colonel. 

56 Major — One star of same material and size as for a 

colonel ; to be placed three-fourths of an inch from edge of collar, 
and dividing equally the vertical space. 

57 Captain — Three horizontal bars, embroidered in gold; 

each one-half inch in -width ; the upper bar to be three inches in 
length ; the front edge of the bars to incline to correspond with 
the angle of the collar, and to be three-fourths of an inch from 
the edge ; the line of the back edges to be vertical. 

58 First Lieutenant — Two horizontal bars of same material 

and size as for captains, and dividing equally the vertical space 
of collar. 

59 Second Lieutenant — One horizontal bar of same material 

and size as for the centre bar of captain, and dividing equally the 
vertical space of collar. 

OVERCOATS FOR ENLISTED MEN. 

60 For mounted men — of cadet gray cloth ; stand-up collar; 

double breasted ; cape to reach to the cuff of the coat, when the 
arm is extended, and to button all the way up, (buttons, eighteen.) 



61 For footmen — of cadet gray cloth; stand-up collar; 

double breasted ; cape to reach to the elbows, when the arm is 
extended, and to button all the way up, (buttons, eighteen.) For 
the present, to be a talma, with sleeves, of water-proof material ; 
black. 

CHEVRONS. 

62 The rank of non-commissioned officers will be marked by 

chevrons on both sleeves of the uniform tunic and the overcoat, 
above the elbow, of silk or worsted binding, half an inch wide ; 
color the same as the edging of the tunic ; points down, as follows : 

63 For a Sergeant Major — three bars and an arc in silk. 

64 For a Quartermaster Sergeant — three bars and a tie in 

silk. 

65 For an Ordnance Sergeant — three bars and a star in 

silk. 

66 For a First (or Orderly) Sergeant — three liars and a 

lozenge in worsted. 

67 For a Sergeant — three bars in worsted. 

68 For a Corporal — two bars in worsted. 

HAIR AND BEARD. 

69 The hair to be short ; the beard to be worn at the 

pleasure of the individual ; but, when worn, to be kept short and 
neatly trimmed. 



Br COMMAND OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR I 



S. COOPER, 

Adjutant and Inspector General. 



MEMORANDUM AS EXPLANATION OF THE PLATES, REGARDING COLORS, BADGES OF RANK, &c. 

General — Buff collar, cuff and edging to tunic. Four rows of braid on sleeve ; eight pairs of buttons ; wreath around stars. Dark 
blue trowsers, with two stripes of gold lace, each five-eighths of an inch wide, and one-eighth apart, on the outer seam. Sash, buff 
silk net. 

Colonels of the Staff — Seven buttons; three rows of braid; three stars on each side of collar. One stripe of gold lace, one 
and a quarter inches wide, on trowsers. Sash, red silk net. Facings, buff. 

Lieutenant Colonel and Major of the Staff — Same as Colonel, except two stars for Lieutenant Colonel and one star for Major. 

Surgeon — Facings, black. One star on collar. On trowsers, black velvet stripe, one and a quarter inches wide, with gold cord on 
each edge. Sash, green silk net. 

Artillery — Red collar, cuffs and edging to tunic. Red stripe of cloth on outer seam of trowsers, one and a quarter inches wide. 
Red band around cap. Stars or bars and braid, according to rank. Sash, red silk net. 

Cavalry — Yellow collar, cuffs and edging to tunic. Yellow stripe of cloth on trowsers. Yellow band on cap. Sash, yellow silk net. 

Infantry — Light blue collar, cuffs and edging to tunic. Dark blue stripe of cloth on trowsers. Light blue band on cap. Sash, 
red silk net. 



w 



%, 




4 



w 



"% 





h^- 



A 



w 



^ 




> 
< 



^ 



A 



vr 



^ 




< 
o 

CO 



>- 



< 
> 



< 

u 



h- 

< 

a 
tr 

LJ 

co 



A 



I. 




1 




n 




1 

V 


■- 



^1 




3 



1 ' ; 




^ 




::•> 



§ 



a. 




< 



^1 



w 



*% 




> 

% 

< 

a 



C0 

< 
D 
U 
& 
UJ 

> 

o 



>- 
a: 

H 
z 
< 



k- 



^ 



w 



~% 





a. 
o 

< 



Z 
< 
Ul 
CJ 

tr 
ui 




CM 




< 


WJ 


Id 

CJ 

a. 


2 


UJ 

e/3 


a 


UJ 


DC 




> 


< 

5 


LU 


Ul 


X 


(- 


U 


< 




rj 




CK 






0/ 



o 



o 



h- 
z 
< 

Ul 
CJ 
DC 
Ul 
CO 

ui 
o 



□ 
tr 
o 



k 



^ 



V 






7/ 



^ 




2 
< 
UJ 

u 

IT 
UJ 

h- 




I- 

< 
LiJ 

tr 

UJ 



5 

IT 
> 
U 
3E 

u 




< 

<r 
a 

cc 
o 
o 



^> 



A 





>- 

<E 
I- 
2 
< 
U. 

z 





>- 



1- 
< 




~5T 




>- 

IK 
UJ 



I- 
< 





q: 

uj 

UJ 

z 
u 





UJ 

I 

Q. 

o 



CO 

z 
o 

I- 
I- 

3 
GO 



> 

1 

o 



□r 

LU 
O 




"r 




o 
a: 
o 



<. 
a: 

UJ 

z 

UJ 

CJ 





UJ 
UJ 






ate 












w-s 



\ s^ 



£* "3> ~«<L 



1? ^ 












&&&- 



Sane* 












->: fry' 









^\3> 



jm^i/^ii^ 



$2» 



5? ^ % ' 



f -Js& ^ 






m' 



7?? ■■31 ■ 



litV 



g» ~r> .10, 



N^Vu 



¥^ ; % 



,v ^\m 






**&#•