Skip to main content

Full text of "Union Pacific Employes' Magazine"

See other formats


This is a digital copy of a book thaï was prcscrvod for générations on library shelves before it was carefully scanned by Google as part of a project 

to make the world's bocks discoverablc online. 

It has survived long enough for the copyright to expire and the book to enter the public domain. A public domain book is one that was never subject 

to copyright or whose légal copyright term has expired. Whether a book is in the public domain may vary country to country. Public domain books 

are our gateways to the past, representing a wealth of history, culture and knowledge that's often difficult to discover. 

Marks, notations and other maiginalia présent in the original volume will appear in this file - a reminder of this book's long journcy from the 

publisher to a library and finally to you. 

Usage guidelines 

Google is proud to partner with libraries to digitize public domain materials and make them widely accessible. Public domain books belong to the 
public and we are merely their custodians. Nevertheless, this work is expensive, so in order to keep providing this resource, we hâve taken steps to 
prcvcnt abuse by commercial parties, including placing lechnical restrictions on automated querying. 
We also ask that you: 

+ Make non-commercial use of the files We designed Google Book Search for use by individuals, and we request that you use thèse files for 
Personal, non-commercial purposes. 

+ Refrain fivm automated querying Do nol send automated queries of any sort to Google's System: If you are conducting research on machine 
translation, optical character récognition or other areas where access to a laige amount of text is helpful, please contact us. We encourage the 
use of public domain materials for thèse purposes and may be able to help. 

+ Maintain attributionTht GoogX'S "watermark" you see on each file is essential for informingpcoplcabout this project and helping them find 
additional materials through Google Book Search. Please do not remove it. 

+ Keep it légal Whatever your use, remember that you are lesponsible for ensuring that what you are doing is légal. Do not assume that just 
because we believe a book is in the public domain for users in the United States, that the work is also in the public domain for users in other 
countiies. Whether a book is still in copyright varies from country to country, and we can'l offer guidance on whether any spécifie use of 
any spécifie book is allowed. Please do not assume that a book's appearance in Google Book Search means it can be used in any manner 
anywhere in the world. Copyright infringement liabili^ can be quite severe. 

About Google Book Search 

Google's mission is to organize the world's information and to make it universally accessible and useful. Google Book Search helps rcaders 
discover the world's books while helping authors and publishers reach new audiences. You can search through the full icxi of ihis book on the web 

at |http: //books. google .com/l 

1^^^ iniT.i-;it|.,| ],. ilir 

Iflarnl 5limrirnl îiinlur ûlHH'crsiiti 
1 Us iTimittiiii âiuiikins. 






Vol. VI. 

FEBEUAEY, 1891. 

No. 1. 


The expression "free ' press" 
woTild hâve no significance if its 
right to exist was not utilized. It 
coTild not exist if some of those at 
least that désire it did not support 
it. Only those parts of mankind 
get the benefit of a f ree press that 
create and support one or who get 
the benefit of the efforts of others 
with like interests. 

Free press and f ree speech hâve 
the same significance; the press is 
but the médium of conveying 
speech beyond its local limits. 
One cannot exist without the other, 
and they are f actors necessary to 
human progress. Thought must 
be conveyed f rom one mind to an- 
other in order that the unison of 
thought necessary to progress can 
be brought about. 

The workers of the world would 
never hâve remained the "mud- 
sills" of Society so long if they 
could hâve cbnveyed their thoughts 
from one to another surely and 
quickly, but the means of convey- 
ance was for years entirely in the 
hands of those who profitted by 
their conditions, and is still to a 
great extent, they were careful 
that it benefitted only themselves. 
To them there was free convey- 
ance, there was no need of their 
demanding free speech or free 

Eress. Therefore free speech and 
ree press had beneficiary signifi- 

cance only to the workers of the 
world — the plebian producers, the 
under dogs in human existence, 
the doubters iû the justice of es- 
tablished customs. Consequently 
labor press and a free press are 
synonimous. It was the resuit of 
effort made in the name of the 
labor movement, the needs of 
which created the demand for it. 
If there was no la^or movement 
there would be no need of it, and 
the possibilities arising from the 
use of free speech means every- 
thing to human progress, for the 
questions the labor movement has 
to deal with are so broad that it 
includes every phase of social con- 
ditions and has every established 
custom to take into considération. 
It invades ail things that are hu- 
man and generally considered 
sacred; it means universal agita- 
tion. A free press to convey free 
thought is absolutely necessary to 
this. Eesults will dépend on how 
well we are able and do make use 
of it. 

The acquiring of money has been 
made the leading thought of the 
âge. It efifects everything in a 
greater or less degree. The size 
of the salary possible to receive 
has a decided influence on many 
of the teachers of Christianity. 
The same influence is seen at work 
on those who make the press a 
business. With a press controUed 
by those ^lcv.o e.^TL ^\\î^ ^s.^ *0s^^ ts^<:>{^ 


money the interests of the workers tliey invariably find it a paying 
of the world stand a poor show, investment. But in spite of the 
The agitation for the récognition difficulties to contend with the 
of their rights, for the abolish- masses are building up a press of 
ment of customs that dégrade and their own. They are building 
hold them servile cannot be ex- slowly but substantially. They 
pected to be aided through a press hâve had to acquire the knowledge 
controUed by those opposed to necessary to run it and f rom with- 
their efforts. The cry about the in their ranks to supply their 
"prostitution of the press" is a opponents, for they are quiek to 
misnomer. The press is not pros- take advantage of ail talent they 
tituted, it is simply created and can buy, causing it to be necessary 
used by those who hâve a right to for the masses to do, for their own 
for the purposes they wish. If benefit, what is generally taught 
such a press deserves condemna- to be disasterous, the création of 
tion it deserves suppression but if an over supply and the glutting of 
anyone can take on themselves the market. They hâve not suc- 
justly the right to do so then any ceeded well at this yet. 
press can be rightfuUy sup- When the people realize the 
pressed and there is no such thing necessity of controUing the means 
as a f ree press. The cry, if carried of télégraphie communication, 
to its logical conclusion would putting its use on equal terms in 
prove a boomerang. It is directed the hands of ail, the possibilities 
generally against those controlled arising from the f ree press will be 
by the monopolists of the country. multiplied many times. The truth 
There would •be no occasion for will then be sure to find its way 
such complaint if the masses over the country as quickly as a 
would create and properly support lie and the opportunity to f alsif y 
a press of their own. What they and suppress news reports will be 
lack in means they make up in vast- greatly reduced, but the masses 
ness of numbers. The support are pushing for this boone as 
they now give to those they hâve slowly as they are utilizing the 
occasion to complain of, turned to right to f ree speech and free 
their own, would be ail that is nec- press. 

essary. Such is gradually resuit- The need of a free press is why 
ing but it is coming slow and at this Magazine is in existence, 
the cost of a hard struggle for its Five years hâve now passed since 
individual promoters and the sink- it came into existence and with 
ing of many under failure. To this issue it begins its sixth year. 
support such by the backing of Comparing its term of life and 
organizations seems the most présent support with the history of 
feasible at présent. other publications its promoters 

Too few hâve yet awakened to hâve reason to be proud. It has 
the vital necessity of having succeeded in existing and in keep- 
their interests supported by a ing in the Une it started on — a 
press, of making the fuUest use of free lance. It cannot be said to 
it. They satisfy themselves by hâve donc ail that the labor inter- 
condemning the press of their ests need in a free press but it has 
opponents and indirectly boycot been a powerful f actor in that di- 
ting their own; They show lack rection. How near it comes to ail 
of business talent. Their oppon- that is required of it in the future 
ents often put a large percentage dépends on how well it is used 
of their capital in working up and supported by those in whose 
sentiment in their own behalf and interests it must work. It can be 


nothing more than a conveyor of PROGRESSIVE AND RETARDING 
thoTights and it is our intention to INFLUENCES. 

keep it in a Une that will cause 

men to seek the truth in ail The forces that are at work in 
things, believing that truth will the minds of men are not ail in 
ultimately lead men to the idéal in one direction. There are retard- 
ail their relations; to lead men to ing as well as progressive influ- 
take pride in their own achieve- ences, and to those who are anxious 
ments; to seek to be the peers of for advance, restless under the re- 
men. With the increase of the straint they see exerted on those 
number of such will come im- around them, it seems to them as 
proved social relations. if the forces were in equilibrium, 

We hâve no war with existing and it is common to hear some ex- 
conditions but with the causes that claim that mankind is worse off 
lead to them, though it is neces- now than it used to be; that there 
sary to expose the abuses and fol- is a question whether the race is 
lies of existing conditions, that the better off now under the most 
need of changing causes may be favorable phases of what we call 
more generally realized and acted the civilization of the nineteenth 
on in concert. In doing this it century and those we call savage 
will necessarily make enemies, but races who hâve been conquored 
if no enemies were possible its ex- by it. 

istence would be unnecessary. It Such comes f rom minds that see 
is as ready to give crédit as often beyond the average, and realize 
as it is to condemn, but as it is in what can and should exist if ail 
existence because of evils it will would see as they do, and become 
naturally be seeking the evil doers morbid f rom waiting for the mas- 
that they may be checkmated in ses to reach their point of view. 
their work, and, as an evil is They for the time lose sight of the 
against the gênerai good to lessen intellectual désire that has led 
the possibility of its commitment them on and consîder man in the 
promotes the gênerai good. animal sensé only, as such the 

Each year of its existence the savage surrounding would be as 
Magazine has opened with better acceptable as any, "ignorance is 
prospects before it. It asks for bliss." But men who make such 
the support of ail justice-loving expressions would prefer not to 
men. It seeks to get their exist than to exist in animal bliss. 
thoughts for the benefit of ail. It The progressive influence is too 
has been a power in the past in strong within them, yet, apparent- 
promoting the welfare of the em- ly unknowingly, they direct a re- 
ployes of the Union Pacific, a tarding influence on those who 
large organized body of whom hâve not gaiiied their point of 
own it. In promoting the welfare view and because of whose back- 
of the men it sees no need of in- wardness they hâve become mor- 
juring the legitimate welfare of bid. They cause others to dispare, 
the employing company. There to lose faith in mankind, to drop 
is enough to occupy the attention into the sordid plodding disposi- 
of ail at présent in improving con- tion of the hopeless, to consider 
ditions that would be a boone to mankind only as a génération, and 
the employés and a positive gain such is the greatest of retardiug 
to the company. Questions of a influences. It créâtes the im- 
higher économie order will be pression that man owes nothing to 
kept in sight on which time alone is predecessora qa\<3l 'si^^wiX.^N^^^^^'^^ 
required to work out the solution. do^lo\^im^lox^Çi'è^fôT^^^ 


will exist some way and let those of their power. Free speech and 
in the future look out for them- a free press sprang over their bar- 
sel ves as they believe they were rier, but they still hâve préjudice 
dealt by. and bigotry to work on their f ol- 

Nevertheless, the progressive lowers with. It is used to keep 
influences hâve been greater than the masses apart, to prevent them 
the retarding influences as history from considering jointly, issues 
plainly shows us. Those who that are for the common good. 
hâve set their hearts on a formula That old lie that God created men 
for ail anankind to exist by are any- in the station in lif e that he inten- 
thing but pleased when that form- ded them to live in is brought be- 
ula is not regarded or is seen to fore them, occupations of labor are 
be losing foUowers. They lose classified in degrees of height and 
sight of everything but the formu- class préjudice kept in sight. If 
la, and are convinced that the the progress made in spite of thèse 
whole world is running to destruc- efforts seems to reach a point 
tion. They would block the whole where to make further progress it 
of progress that it might be ad- appears necessary to tear down or 
heared to, and as history gives us drop what has been accepted as a 
abundant proof, when they could truth, then ancestral pride and 
command the power, hâve resorted bigotry are brought into play as a 
to the extremest measures to com- retarding influence. It is the 
pel men to do so. Such is a re- point where many hait between 
tarding influence. two opinions, whether to accept 

At each step that mankind has the new and go ahead or the old 
taken there hâve been those that and stagnation, 
hâve demanded a hait there, and Mankinds advances can be liken- 
have made every effort to fortify ed to a community starting out on 
that position and endeavor to shut a voyage of discovery loaded down 
off that light i;eflected ahead that with ail their possessions, com- 
might show what would induce posed principally of accumulations 
others to take further steps. of rubbish from the earliest anti- 

Each génération reaches certain quity, continuai ly adding new 
conclusions which it terms truths, things discovered; the great mass 
which it teaches the rising gênera- reluctant to drop any of the old 
tion, and thèse can be better called that they may carry along the new; 
conventional lies, because succeed- many stopping in the road that 
ing générations so often discover they may enjoy the new while they 
their falsity. Columbus proved still remain near the old. As it is 
one of them when he sailed west- necessary for ail to keep within 
wards. Franklin another when he communicating distance, the ad- 
bottled lightening. Likewise hâve vanced ranks are f orced to wait 
those handed down to us regard- till the rear die or change their 
ing our social relations. Yet, minds. The advanced ranks by 
early impressions and teachings continually advancing hopes, are 
are lasting. They are not remov- the progressing influence, the rear 
ed without great effort. They the retarding influence, the middle 
are a retarding in'fluence. It can ranks indiffèrent, and changes in 
be seen at work on ail sides, against the ranks are continually going on, 
it the great social movement of the those in the front ranks at times 
présent génération — the labor stopping till the rear reaches them 
question — is raging. Those who and there to remain till they take 
would chain mankind to a formula renewed vigor or cease to exist. 
accepteà hy some Lave lost some There is no cause to wonder 


that it bas taken centuries for the considered a rare virtue, bas it not 
workers — the producers of the been made a secondary considera- 
world — to get to bis présent, not tion to tbe acquiring of wealtb, tbe 
to be boasted of, position. Ail tbe first tbing to be tbougbt of ? 
retarding influences bave bad fuU A million of men are idle and 
play at bim. Starting cursed be- in need of wbat tbeir labor stands 
cause be bad to work or made to ready to produce, wltb nature 
believe be was so cursed; tbe slave bountifuUy offering wbat is nec- 
of tbose wbo did not, to tbis added essary for tbem to apply it to, wby 
also tbe curse tbat be bad no soûl, not go at it? Because tbey bave 
tbis taint resting on alibis poster- been taugbt and tbeir ancestors 
ity; tbere was notbing to expect before tbem tbat it is necessary 
from effort, notbing be coald do for some one to tell tbem to do it, 
would remove it; could a better and to direct tbeir efforts, and tbey 
lie bave been devised to keep bim still believe it, yet tbey can reason 
in subjection. Every modification out no sensible conclusion wby it 
of tbat teacbing bas been reacbed sbould be so. Tbey waste tbeir 
only after a desperate struggle. time trying to compell someone to 

Man inberits mucb of bis dispo- set tbem at work and in regulating 
sition, and later surroundings tbe amount tbat be sball allow 
crystalize it as it is found in tbe tbem for doing it. Property 
modifications seen. Tbe old taint of rigbts bave been allô wed in natu rai 
tbe mind bas not been entirely bred opportunities and taugbt as proper. 
out of tbe race. Tbe readiness He could not in most cases apply 
tbat many grovel in tbe présence bimself if be would witbout vio- 
and at tbe command of tbose tbey lation of tbat. Property rigbts 
consider masters is an indication bave been made paramount to bu- 
of its présence. It is but tbe man rigbts. Sucb are some of tbe 
natural cropping out of tbat taint "trutbs" tbat bave cbained man- 
tbat is seen at tbe prostitution of kind wbicb time must destroy as 
tbe rigbt of tbe ballot at tbe bid- lies. Tbey are retarding influ- 
ding of anotber, a selling of a ences tbat are carefully guarded 
rigbt of mankind legated to tbem and nursed by tbose wbo profit by 
and intended to be inaliénable, tbe ignorance and indifférence of 
Cbildren are taugbt, indirectly in tbe masses. 

some cases perbaps, tbat tbere are Tracing back tbe bistory of tbe 
masters in tbe world. Do tbey world to tbe earliest known 
not see tbe parent recognizing sucb periods we find tbat tbere bas 
— tbat wealtb gives power, and is tbere existed a labor question, 
to be sougbt above ail tbings? Do tbat it bas been from tbe agitation 
tbey not see tbose parents giving of some pbase of it tbat bas caused 
bomage to tbose tbat roll in luxury ail tbe advance tbat bas been made 
because of tbe possession of by man. Many of tbe retarding 
wealtb? influences of tbe early periods 

Tbe man is as tbe cbild was bave been removed, tbe progress 
taugbt. Does not tbe average tbe last balf century bas made 
Bcbool teacber advance tbe pos- was possible because of tbose re- 
session of wealtb as examples of movals. Future progress can be 
success in life, regardless of bow made still more rapid if we con- 
it was acquired? Wby do we won- sider wbat are tbe retarding 
der tbat tbe cbild grown prosti- causes. Education is needed but 
tûtes ail tbings to gain it? Tbat we must be careful tbat it is an 
bonor and integrity tbat is neces- éducation tba.t ^\^ ç«»sfô *^^^ ^<^'^- 
isary for tbe gênerai progress îs.aeaaoT \>o e>^^ ^fc^^^ **^^ '^^^^'^^^'»"^^^ 


matter whose air castles it may that department and there is more 
cause to vanish or demand an at stake in the management of it 
investigation of ; that social econ- than in any other part of a railroad 
omy is not an exact science but a System. It is where a large 
proposition that is seeking a dem- amount of the running éxpenses 
onstration and solution and which of a road are laid oui It is, con- 
solution is of far more importance sequently, the place that receives 
to man than anything else. Any the most attention from the man- 
education that causes man to ac- agement when reducing éxpenses. 
cept as fact unnecessary of de- It is where waste through poor 
monstration past traditions is sim- management can arise easier than 
ply a stumbling block to progress. in any other department. It is 
The apostles' advice to "prove ail where good results can be had 
things" must be followed. When only when a practical man is in 
we are instilling this into men's charge; an office man or collège 
minds we are doing a work neces- bred theorist will be out of place; 
sary for progress, we are removing an extraordinarily good civil en- 
retarding influences, we are setting gineer, dispatcher or roadmaster 
the mind f ree, and man with his would invariably make a botch of 
mind f reed will work out his own it, their advice is even good for 
salvation and the best possible ex- nothing. A supply department, on 
istence. A fallacy will not exist which the machinery department 
long before exposed. He will must draw so heavy, is a draw- 
willingly unburden himself of the back to success without a practical 
old to enjoy the new; old beliefs man as purchasing agent. No 
will not stand in the way of his matter how efficient the master 
accepting new ones. mechanic in charge, if he has to 

He who labors will always be use the material that the average 
the under dog so long as he labors office bred man will furnish, he is 
as the servant of another. The handicapped. 

idea that he can make any perma- It is therefore of spécial impor- 
nent improvement through efforts tance to employés, who, through 
of coersion on the master simply feeling permanently located in the 
acts as a retarding influence service of a company, take a deep 
through attracting nearly his f dll interest in its affairs to see the 
attention away from the real issue, best possible results from the 
He simply folio ws the old formula mechanical department and to 
that has proved so salisfactory to hâve confidence in the head of it. 
man' s oppressors instead of seek- It means much to them. For 
ing the truth regardless of for- some months past it would be dif- 
mulas. ficult to prove that the machinery 

^^^^^^;^^^^^^^^ department of the Union Pacific 

had a head: it seems to hâve run 
MACHINERY DEPARTMENT CHANGES, its^if on what its predecessor sup- 

plied and set in motion. There 
On February Ist, if there is no has been nothing of a good, bad 
change in the program, the machin- or indiffèrent nature introduced to 
ery department of the Union Pa- improve it, and ail who are at ail 
cific is to hâve a new head — quite posted certainly know that it was 
a common occurence during the not because it was not needed. It 
past f ew years. It is an occurence has had to stand a severe curtail- 
that attracts more than ordinary ment which is severely felt by 
attention from the employés, for workmen, and at a time too when 
^i?<9 majority oî them are under their services seemed to be most 


needed to keep things running. action cornes on the rank and file. 

Therefore any changes in its man- It is therefore of more than cur- 

agement will be looked to witli ious interest with the thoughtful 

more than ordinary interest and when a change takes place in the 

hope. It dojBs not seem reason- management. Whether the new 

able that it conld be worse and will try and make a record in 

disappointment foUow. seeing how little he can pay the 

To many of the old employés J. men for their time, or by showing 

H. McConnell, the man that is to how, by properly directing their 

take charge, is not a stranger. His efforts, improved results can be 

record when a division master seen, and, by puttlng a premium 

mechanic is f amiliar to them, and on skill and efficiency, show where 

it inspires confidence that it will the losses were from putting a 

now appear over the whole System, premium on mediocracy. 

but ail recognize that it will nec- McConnell, when atNorthPlatte, 

essarily take time, that System out was credited with turning out of 

of chaos cannot be brought about those shops the best work on the 

in a moment, and, that a superior System, and the cheapest, when 

set of division lieutenants than the the test of wear and tear was 

average at présent, will hâve to be shown. He was also credited with 

brought out that are in accord maintaining a standard of pay by 

with a better System and know insisting that a map should showa 

what it is. standard of efficiency to receive 

The effects of the ideas of that amount; if he could not shoT^^j 

^'cheapness" of some of them is that he was not wanted at ail. 

now being experienced. Paint and This was what caused much of the 

varnish may make a car or loco- successf ul record. If he does this 

motive look pretty but it alone as gênerai superintendent of ma- 

will not keep it on the road. It chinery he will do what many 

may cover up "cheap" work by expect and hope for. If not they 

"cheap" men and make the average will be disappointed and he will 

director, on a tour of inspection, meet with certain failure. He 

look happy and prevent him ever certainly has a big undertaking 

knowing what makes him swear before him. F. Mertzheimer, who 

when a year's expense account is is to be assistant gênerai superin- 

inspected, but that is about ail. tendent of machinery, will be no 

There was never any economy in drawback to good results. He is a 

doing work poorly because it mechanic himself. 

makes the temporary cost low. . 
There is a great deal in knowing 

what a capable man can and The New York State Board of 

should do in a day and in keeping Arbitration has recommended to 

him up to that standard. A ma- the législature of that state the 

chine tool represents considérable passage of a law making the em- 

money and is capable when prop- ployment of railroad servants an 

«rly handled of turning out a cer- enlistment, similar to that of the 

tain amount of work; it is not army, for a specified number of 

€Conomy to keep it in the hands years. It of course would make 

of an incapable man simply it a crime if they quit suddenly, 

because he represents a few cents and pro vides against the summary 

a day less in wages, but it seems discharge of men. Its object would 

to be the belief with m^-ny, with be to prevent strikes, not that it 

the resuit that expenses are higher would ensure greater justice to 

than they should be and the re- men, foT \^ ^q^sX.^ \sv^^ ^ '^'^'^ 


stretch of the imagination to think caused the corporation to take 
that the penalties wonld fall with a différent view of the original 
the same force on the company as matter than if they wonld hâve 
on the men. It wonld be, judging had to meet ail the employés, 
from the law product of the aver- A contract or agreement made 
âge législature, best entitled "an between a company and its em- 
act to allow corporations to do ployes should be made as binding 
as they please with their em- and its violation dealt with as se- 
ployes." verely as a contract in the com- 

The demand for the state to en- mercial world. Thorough organ- 
act statutes of that nature démon- ization of the employés créâtes a 
strates that the state should own responsible party and with the 
and operate what they are trying company makes the two parties 
to control. The people are evi- necessary to an agreement. The 
dently not ready for such a step, organization is then obliged to aid 
but they will only make a mess of the panishment of its members for 
it if they attempt to regulate the the violation of it and local strikes 
employment of men by the plan wonld be of that nature. Few 
proposed by the New York arbi- corporations would be so fool- 
tration board. Better by far en- hardy as to violate an agreement 
courage the voluntary organization and then contend against ail their 
of the men employed by large employés, besides the légal aspect 
corporations, and there will be no that it would carry, and their 
^pmplaint of strikes; thorough or- financial responsibility would 
ganization on business principles make it a serions matter. 
with sentiment made a secondar^ Kailroad men are not yet pre- 
matter promotes reasoning quali- pared to be enslaved, any worse 
ties on ail sides. Thorough organ- than their necessities force them 
ization insists on its members into now, by a law such as the ar- 
recognizing reason in their bitration board proposes. AU that 
actions if they get support, and is necessary is to create a power 
the power created by the organiza- that will cause the corporations to 
tion makes the f actor necessary recbgnize that the men hâve rights, 
to «îause the other side to listen to that they hâve the right to pro- 
it and themselves act with reason. tect, and that among them is pay, 

That is ail that is necessary. If treatment, and the conditions of 
a mutual agreement cannot be their employment. 
reached at a meeting of represén- ^^^^^^^^^^...^^^ 

tatives of both sides, the same 

causes that brought about the Kumor has it that several par^ 
meeting to consider the matter ties who think they hâve a pull 
will cause them to devise a means with the new management are 
to arbitrate it. pushing to get the position of 

There has never been a strike chief surgeon of the hospital de- 
yet on a railroad where there was partment of the Union Pacific 
anything near like thorough or- System. The management can af- 
ganization of the employés of that ford to go slow in this matter. It 
road. Strikes hâve corne where a is a department that pertains en- 
part or trade was fairly organized tirely to the employés. They hâve 
and believed they could carry the seen it rise from a miserably inef- 
point, when the larger number ficient affair in 1884, to what is 
would be obliged, indirectly at now the best managed System of 
least, to oppose the strikers by the kind in the country and ail 
keeping at their work, a fact that under its présent management. Its 



great improvement is ail that 
makes it endurable. The assess- 
ment plan is wrong at best in 
principle, but under présent con- 
ditions it is an expédient that 
seems necessary to resort to. It 
is a question whether a hospital 
System can be made so perfect 
that it will work to the satisfac- 
tion of every one under it, but so 
long as it is kept in the lead of 
the best known it is coming close 
to it. In 1884 when the employés 
asked for a statement showing 
what was being done with the 
money received f rom them by the 
hospital assessment, it was found 
that there was no way of f urnish- 
ing the information. Nothing of 
that nature is wanted again. Bet- 
ter not hâve any at ail. 

.has broken the ice, let the good 
work spread. The old line poli- 
ticians are doing ail they can to 
detract the people from it, as 
shown by the rows they are kick- 
ing up in some of the state lég- 
islatures, done simply to get the 
people to forget what they hâve 
been demanding and take sides 
against themselves. In time they 
may get desperate enough to 
throw the country into a war. 
They are none too good for it. 
The people should keep their 
eyes open. 


Old line politicians are begin- 
ning to get uneasy; their grip on 
the people seems to hâve been 
looseneî They will soon under- 
stand that the majority of them 
will soon be keeping company with 
Ingalls, and God speed the day. 
They are ridiculing the idea of 
farmers and workingmen filling 
the places of honor in the gov- 
ernment. They delight to refer 
to "sockless" Simpson, but it 
would be impossible to pick from 
the ranks of the workers of the 
country a set of men that would 
do worse for the people than the 
politicians that hâve controUed 
affairs at Washington the past 
twenty-five years. 

The ridicule is simply to in- 
duce the weak-minded to keep up 
their worship of aristocracy and 
hold to the idea that blood recog- 
nized by them as aristocratie must 
flow in the veins of those given 
honorable position — an idea 
brought over from monarchial 
governments and which has been 
growing with dangerous rapidity 
the past génération, until the pos- 
sessors of wealth alone hâve rep- 
resentation in the senate. Kausaa 

Under the lamp-light, dead in the street, 

Délicate, fair and only twenty, 
There she lies, 

Starved to death in a city of plenty. 
Spumed by ail that is pure and sweet, 
Passed by bnsy and careless feet; 
Hundreds bent upon f olly and pleasure, 
Hondreds with plenty of time and leisure — 
Leisore to speed Christ^s mission below, 

To teach the erring and raise the lowly, 
Plenty in charity's name to show 

That lif e has something divine and holy. 

Boasted charms, classical brow. 
Délicate features, look at them now; 
Look at her lips — once they could smile; 
Eyes — well, nevermore shall they begnile; 
Nevermore, nevermore words of hers 

A blush shall bring to the scdntliest face, 
She has found, let us hope and trust, 

Peace in a higher and better place. 

And yet, despite of ail, still I ween, 
Joy of some hearth she must hâve been, 
Some fond mother, fond of her task, 

Has stooped to finger the dainty curl; 
Some proud father has bowed to ask 

A blessing for her, his darling girl, 
Hard to think as we look at her there, 
Of ail the tenderness, love and care, 

Lonely watching, and sore heartache— 
Ail the agony, burning tears, 
Joys and sorrows, hopes and fears, 

Breathed and suffered for her sweet sake. 

Fancy will picture a home afar, 

Out where the daisies and buttercups are, 

Out where the lif e-giving breezes flow, 

Far from thèse sodden streets, foui and low; 

Fancy will picture a lonely hearth. 

And an aged couple, dead to mirth, 

Kneeling beside a bed to pray. 
Or lying awake o' nights to hark, 
For things that may corne in the rain and dark^ 
A hollow-eyed woman w\tbL'^<$îçcc^ \5eife\.^ 


LET THERE BE NO STEP BACKWARD. thèse réductions in pay took place. 

Yet, notwithstanding this, not even the 

It now nearly seven years since the faintest remonstrance was made by 
employés of the Union Pacific System either organization against the several 
perfected the flrst organization in exis- réductions that took place. They 
tence that embraced ail classes of simply recognised their isolated posi- 
workers on a railroad. The causes tion, and in conséquence their power- 
that led up to this advanced theory of lessness to right a wrong or prevent an 
organization, were, flrst, a knowledge injustice even to their own craft. 
bom of expérience, by the failure of Shortly after this the machinists and 
the old Trades Union by reason of its blacksmiths' union dropped out of 
individualism, and conséquent weak- sight, and it was not until 1884, when 
ness to right a wrong, or prevent an the Knight of Labor appeared and took 
injustice. Secondly, the lesson leamed up the lost link of organized labor, but 
from the corporations themselves, and on a broader and more intelligent basis 
the tac tics they invented to control the than had ever existed before, for as we 
labor ar.d the wealth of the nation. To are aware, it embraced ail classes of 
the largest of the monopolies do we labor, and proposed to abolish ail dis- 
owe our knowledge of the boycott, tinction and craft pride, and unité ail 
They, knowing the power they wield workers in one common bond of unity 
by concentrating the varions industries for the common good. Therefore it 
of the country under one management, will be seen that while the ** trades 
proceeded to form a ''Trust," and in- union'' was as narrow and selflsh as 
vented the boycott to force every in- class itself, the new order is as broad 
dustry into the combine or "boycott,'' as humanity, which is unselfishness. 
which means "bust" them. In this The new organization signalized its 
they were successful, and today they advent upon this road by a demand for 
stand a solid united phalanx, masters the reinstatement of the pay of ail the 
of the situation, and this by reason of employés who had been eut one year 
the concentration of their forces. préviens to the extent of ten per cent. 

Their next step like, like the good That they were successful in having 
gênerais that they are, was to send restored what was unjustly taken from 
their couriers into the camp of the the employés one year before is now 
masses, their enemies loaded with false matter for history, nor has a réduction 
dispatches designed to mislead, divide, in wages been attempted since that 
and break up their forces. Whether time. 

they will be as successful in breaking Thus did the Knights of Labor or- 
up our forces as they were in concen- ganization prove its claim to superior- 
trating their own remain to be seen, ity by demonstrating what a union of 
and it is of this part of the question ail workers could accomplish, as com- 
that this article proposes to treat. pared with the individualism practiced 

It will be remembered by old em- by the trades union, 
ployes of the U. P. that during the In the face of thèse facts, we notice 
period embraced by the years 1872 to that there is an attempt being made to 
1884 there had been several réductions hâve us give up the advantageous posi- 
in pay on the System. There was then tion we hâve gained, and divide our 
in existence the machinists' and black- forces as of old, so that we would again 
smiths' union, composed of 182 lodges, be at the mercy of our employers. 
in the United States and Canada, with That an attempt of this kind should be 
headquarters at Cleveland, Ohio, also made at this time is signiflcant, and 
the moulders' union, and, I think, a should not fail to carry its own wam- 
boilermakers' union, and each had ing with it, to be on our guard against 
thrifty lodges in Omaha and at other it, so that the schemers who hâve been 
_poïnt3 on the road at the time that hired for this work of destruction shall 


meet with a warm réception wherever ofifered for separate unions. 

they appear. A mechanic (?) was heard to say that 

As has been said above, we hâve that this union was for the preserva- 

leamed a lesson from our enemies (the tion of the '*8killful" practice of his 

corporations). It is the concentration trade, when we knbw that he could 

of our forces. not fit a joint that would not leak did 

To ignore this lesson is what we are he get half the earth, nor fit a boit did 

asked to do. To divide our forces so he get the other half. This I hâve 

that the capitalists union can attack heard given too by a blacksmith (?) 

each section in tum and gain an easy save the mark; who could not make a 

victory over each. décent boit. Yet thèse are the kind of 

No ! We will hâve no division of men who would persuade us to ex- 

our forces. Cavalry may look better on change something for nothing. Per- 

parade than infantry, yet the cavalry suade us to play into the hands of the 

are none the better soldiers for their enemy, that a few schemers who 

trapping. They hâve their place in believe they are too smart to work 

action. They could not win a battle might hâve an occupation, 
alone, but must be supported by their The flrst class the schemers worked 

fellow soldiers on foot, else they would on were the machinists, and not meet- 

be demolished. Ail branches of an ing with the success they expected, 

army must work in union and^on a pre- they no w tum their attention to the 

arranged plan. To insure success, the blacksmith, proposing a blacksmiths' 

more perfect this union the more cer- union. With this class, as blacksmith, 

tain will victory be, and what is true the writer is interested, and would 

of an army of soldiers is also true of warn every blacksmith to be on his 

an industrial army. guard for the schemer who comes 

Common sensé would teach us that along talking union. We hâve a union 

if our enemy throw up a breastwork, now, not of machinists, not of black- 

that we should défend ourselves with smiths, but of men who are workers. 

another; or if they flre at us with gat- Examine the schemer closely when he 

ling guns, it would be folly on our comes, and ten to one he is a fraud on 

part to use a musket to oppose them, the business he proposes, 
when we could just as easy send back If thèse schemers flnd any who think 

as good as they gave. they are of better clay than their fel- 

But thèse facts are now too patent to low workmen, they are welcome to 

need discussion, so we will proceed to them, but such a union would not com- 

another and more important branch of mand even the respect of a Pinkerton. 
the subject and ask what is the object To a close observer of past events 

of thèse ne w advocates of the old worn there is the best of reasons for believ- 

out doctrine of class interest, and ing there is a deep laid plot to break 

where do they come from ? Thèse up and divide our forces on this road. 

schemers who would lead us into the That any should be found to enter the 

hands of the Philistines. Are they service of a corporation for so nefar- 

working for pay if so, who pays ious a purpose is to us more a matter 

them ? One suspicions looking fact is of disgust than surprise, for of late the 

that certain master mechanics and fore- traiter has become a common article 

men highly endorse their movements. on the market. 

Some of this class, by the way too, who It is évident that there is a crisis at 

never served an hour to a trade, and hand, and it behooves ail to be on their 

who are unable today to tell you the guard, as closing up of the ranks is 

eut of a file if they weré asked. Yet what is needed, and that too, without 

they hold positions that demand a delay if we would retain the advantage 

knowledge of the trade they boss, and we hâve gained in the past six yeare.. 

what are the excuses and reasons We hâve t\ie \i^«»\> çyt^^MxaaiC^^s^ N». *<^^ 


country, a magazine second to none, body; and after several unsuccessfdl 
and a bulwark of strength in iteelf. attempts the hatter in utter discom- 
The corporations know this, hence the fiture and dîsgust, présents the would- 
scheme to divide us before making be porchaser with a band-box or a hat 
their contemplated attack. Let no that has been stretched at least twice 
man be deceived, but close up for the its usual size. The person in possession 
fray, It is close at hand, and a united of such a head as I hâve endeavored to 
whole, only, can win it. Give the describe oannot be blamed since he had 
schemer a cold shoulder, and prove to no say in the construction of it; if he 
our enemies that we are "on to them." had it is reasonable to suppose he 
Onward and upward must be our would hâve made it one or two sizes 
watchword. If the Knights of Labor smaller. At ail events expérience has 
is not ail we wish it to be, it is in our taught me such. Although a natural 
power to make it so, this being the case big head on rare occasions displays an 
we cannot nor will not take any step ordinary amount of knowledge I would 
bac'kward. As we stand we are in the not deem it proper to say that they had 
lead and propose to stay with the more than their share since a person 
advantage we hâve got. Our banner cannot upon ail occasions hâve a sur- 
floats proudly on high, inscribed, not plus of ail the gifts of nature, 
for a section, not for a class, but for ail We will leave No. 1 to take care of 
mankind. Who dares to pull it down himself and pay our respects to No. 2 
proclaims himself an enemy to pro- whose head has expanded in an un- 
gress and humanity. natural way, caused mostly perhaps by 

Blaoebmith. a shallowness of brain or through the 
^...^......^^^^^ efforts of some irdividual friend who 

took pity upon the unfortunate lick- 

THE "BIG HEAD" AGAIN. spittle in human form, and caused him 

to be elevated from the slouth of de- 

In December's issue of the Magazine spondency and enabled him to see be- 
there appeared an article relating to yond the threshold of his birth and 
the "big head." The writer gave his misrepresent a position originally occu- 
views upon the cause and eflfect of the pied by man. 

same, and la ter there appeared an This ever detested and lothsome 
editorial upon the same subject, and critter is not confined to a petty boss 
both writers clearly express their or foremanship in railroad shops or in 
opinions, presumably to the best of any other capacity where he has charge 
their knowledge. Now to the best of over men. You can find him in every 
my opinion there are two kinds of calling in life and among ail national- 
big heads known to the présent gênera- ities, sects, breeds, colors and descrip- 
eration; whether they existed before tions, and at last you can trace him to 
our arrivai or not is a matter of which the sanctuary of the assembly halls, 
we can only imagine, or form a dim not only the young, but those whose 
outline of their character. But since bair had tumed gray before they knew 
the human feimily is so slow in casting of the existence of a labor organization, 
aside the odium of hypocracy we will and once he has secured a foothold he 
admit that such a thing did really exist ail of a sudden présumes to display 
before the présent era. Let us see qualifications that he never did nor 
what those two kinds are. will possess. Instead of proflting by 

First, we hâve the natural big head, mistakes of the past he continues to 
or in other words the head that grew grow ignorant in spite of expérience, 
to an enormous size. They are often After being placed in a position of 
seen in hat stores vainly endeavoring trust by his description of those he 
to find something in the shape of a hat misrepresents. He poses as a leader fit 
to cover the largest portion of their to be trusted with matters of which he 


ia entirely ignorant and never had n CONSERVATIVE PROGRESS. 

deaire to learn. He weavea his subtle 

web around hia uiiBUspecting victim * » » ^ nation is a liviog thing, 

who has liatened to the BOng of the aUite oomponent menconetituting one 

Biren untO mattere are in a hopelesB great national man. Beîiig thua a 

condition. Au haa often been the case ijving peraon, a nation, like any other 

in the past. he will in a confldeutàal person, passes throagh aU étages of 

way call the moat important aside, growth — înftincy, yoath, manhood. 

pour hîs taie of audacloua déception Ever growing in volume, it muai neo- 

in their ear, and tell them that the M. eBsaiily outgrow, Buccesaivdy, the 

M. or foreman aaid he waa the right the draperies suited to the varions 

man in the right pla«e, when he knows stages of life. And a nation'a conati- 

way down in the bottom of his heart tntion, whether unwritten, like the 

that he would be the first to aubmit to Engiiah, or written, like ours— what iâ 

the whi ma and dictâtes of the one he it but a nation'a drapery, veeturing the 

refers to. He reminds me of theinside body politicî Aa the nation growa, 

ot" a bellows in motion— he ifi flill of then, so let the constitution grow. Not 

wind and nothing more. He ia eontin- that we are to be forever tinkering in 

nally tfllling what be will do and keeps a mechanical way, but let it take on 

piling up his work from time to time natnrallj the nation's growing aize. It 

without ever accompliahing anything. may well be made of iron; but let it 

He bas been tried; "he bas been hâve the malleability of wrought iron, 

weighed in the balance and fovind not the inflexibibtyofoast iron; other- 

wanting." "By their deeds ye shall wise it maj suddenly snap. What a 

know them. Oive the same peraon terrifie illustration of this in our own 

charge over a gang of men and their day! Our nation, in growiug, out- 

anxiety would know no bounds. They grew the barbarie institution of slav- 

wonld beeome the moat despictable ery; but the nation declined tobewiae, 

despote in Ohristeodom. They would reftaeing to adjaat the Constitution to 

Bwell up hke the amal! boy who ate a the growing doctrine of human 

pound or two of dried applea and brotherbood. What was the resuit? 

drank a half gallon ofmilk immédiate- A million of graves and a billion of 

ly afterwards. They shake their heads debta. The skin burst, and nothing 

and tryto look wise Just the same as the less tlian Ood's providence aaved the 

shyster lawyer doea when he imagines wine. But another gigantic péril con- 

be has made a point. Or like Judas (ïonte ua; it is the question of labor 

Iscariot they would betray their and capital. Nothing but the most 

brothere iu the bonr of distress. conaummate statesmanship, and this 

You wUl alao find the aelf same per- only under Ood's benison, can save 

Bons tryingtoperform mechanical work the ship of state as she sails along this 

and ctaiming they are mechanîos, when stupendous reef. And how shall it save 

really they cannot Write their name. usî By 
They will waate a ream of paper and a "Large diaconree, 

halfgrossofpencitsina vain attempt Looking befcrenodafter;" 

to mnltîply 2J by 2. And yet they will wlth the one band clinging to past and 

hâve the audacity to aay that Mr. approved foundations, with the other 

said that ail will be well aa long ae they seizing and incorporating iiew ma- 

are hère. "I am a mechanicl" you terials. Let the nation, then, be wiae, 

will ofben hear them exclaim, when and disceming the signa of the timea, 
their helpers are often compelled to adjust legialation to growth; in Buch 

keep tliem from putting their foot in mattera, for instance, aa monopoly, 

their mou th when they open it to dis- reciprocity, civil-service reform, oount- 

posB of a portion of their surplus wind. ing a quorum, tempérance, éducation, 

A Laboeer. arbitration, and disarmamevA, OiSSûssï- 


wise appalling révolutions await us. mediately adds: *'And no one having 
Lord Macauly said, in his speech in drunk old wine désire th new; for he 
behalf of parliamentary reform, July saith, The old is good." The allusion, 
6, 1831: of course, is to his countrymen who 

"The great cause of révolutions is this, that Were stiU clingiug to the institutions of 

while nations move onward, constitutions stand Moses. It is a fine instance of the 

still. The peculiar happiness of England is that Master's beailtiful gentleness. It is as 

hère, through many générations, the Constitution though he had said: **Yes, I have 
has moved onward with the nation. . . . The , , , j i. j_i « « 

English have been a great and happy people be- ^^^^ "^^^^ ^ ^^W and better form of 

cause their history has been the history of a religion. Yet I do not WOUder that you 

succession of timely reforms. . . . A libéral prefer the old form; it was the religion 

government makes a conservative people." of your fathers; it is hard to give up 

* * * Let us not take it for inherited convictions, to tear one' s self 
granted that everything is settled. If away from the old homestead. No one, 
we are really pupils in the school of the having drunk old wine, straightway 
Master, we shall never cease leaming desires new; for he says, The old is 
from him. Hère is the real secret of good enough." Be it for us to foUow 
humanity's progress. Advance as it our exemplar. Let us be considerate 
will, it can never touch the horizon; in our freedom, gentle in our reforms. 
ascend as it will, it can never touch the Let us fratérnally propose whatever 
zénith. This ever-receding horizon is we deem are improvements, but let us 
the world's beckoner forward; this be patient with those who cannot 
ever-ascending zénith in the world's readily fall into line with the proposed 
beckoner upward. While, then, we advance. Time and grâce work won- 
must look backward for counsel, we ders. 

must look forward for mainspring. Conservatism and progressiveness 
The achievements of the past and the illustrate moral statics and dynamics; 
possibilities of the future— thèse are the thèse being the opposing, yet equi- 
world's majestic inspirations. But poising, forces of physical and spiritual 
while the past is a héritage, it becomes mechanics alike. The centrifugal force 
available to us only as we couvert it, of the past, tending to move on in the 
so to speak, into a promissory note, and straight line of précèdent, and the 
invest it for compound accumulation centripetal force of the future, tending 
in the ever-multiplying ventures of the toward time's gravitating center, are 
future. Accordingly, the leading in the way of résultant a curvilinear 
thinkers in the varions sects could force, roUing humanity in the ever- 
pursue no wiser policy than to gather lasting orbit of duty around the sun 
together occasionally, to compare dis- of righteousness. The secret of life is 
coveries and to adjust symbols thereto. the equilibrium of diastole and systole; 
As the growing vine of truth keeps the secret of locomotion is the counter- 
yielding perennially new wine, let us play of opponent muscles. How ex- 
take care to put it into fresh skins. If quisite the lauréate' s insight into na- 
we put it into the old, the ever-grow- ture and humanity when he sings of 
ing truth will sooner or later burst the the "grooves of change;" 

skins, and the wine will be lost. The "Not in vain the distance beckons; forward, 
conséquence will be either mercileSS LetfKeatworid't^fn'foreverdowntheringing 

bigotry or ribald infldelity. But by groo vas of change." 

adjusting creed to truth, form to life, Heaven help America to conserve pro- 

skin to wine, both will be preserved; gress, alike retaining the past and mas- 

we shall be progressive conservatives tering the future! So shall be fulfilled 

and conservative progressives. the Master' s saying, "The sower and 

Yet, at this very point, let us learn a the reaper shall rejoice together.'' — 

lesson of tendemess from our Master; George Dana Boardman in The Forum 

for in his parable of the skins he im- for January. 


A NEW DECLARATION OF RIGHTS. will fall, because he cannot control the 
: — priée. Others are as anxious to sell as 

* * * We believe in the govem- he. He can't take his profits out of his 
mental control of ail monopolies, (in- men, for they hâve other and equally 
dustries that in their natures deny the as good jobs open to them. He can't 
equal rights of ail men), snch as privi- recoup himself out of uneamed incre- 
leges in the streets, water privilèges, ment. He is placed on a level with 
right of way for railways, wharves, and every other business man. A free 
in gênerai, any private or corporate fleld and no favor. That would be free 
right in land. (Every man is a mono- compétition. 

polist just to the extent that he pos- How is it now? What gives the mil- 
sesses land to the exclusion of others, 1ers of Lawrence, for convenient ex- 
at the last analysis.) ample, their enormous power? What 

Under the single tax thèse monopo- makes it possible lor them to crowdout 
lies would not be owned or necessarily smaller firms? Their privilèges in land 
run by the government in ail cases, but and water, flrst of ail, and second, 
they would be obliged to pay the their despotic power over their men 
en tire annual value of the spécial mon- and women, from whose hands they 
opoly they held, into the treasury of take every year a larger per cent, of 
the state or city. And hère we are wages, so that less than fifteen per 
nearly in accord with the Nationalists. cent, of the product of their hands . 
Hère is our point of agreement,— that remains to their own use. 
ail industries in their nature monopo- What gives them this power over the 
lies should not be left in private or men? Simply the unnatural, forced 
corporate hands, — at least not without compétition among laborers to find 
governmental control. employment, because ail over this 

But a cotton mill is not a monopoly broad, generous land, men and women 
in itself. If it appears to be a mono- wander, seeking work, because there 
poly it is by virtue of spécial privilège are too many men, and not work 
and not by virtue of the power to enough to go around. A million and a 
produce. Free compétition among halfofmenout of work! This eager, 
cotton mills would only resuit in more pitifully-meek crowd of jostling men 
cotton and better clothing. The trouble and women at the employer' s gâte, 
is, there is no free compétition in any allows him to fix things to suit himself. 
industry to-day. It is a war between Their desperate need makés his ma- 
special privilège on one side, with cap- jestic and lordly arrogance. Their 
ital and labor quarrelling among them- meekness is the making of his insolent 
selves on the other. Out of privilège greed or paternal patronage, 
the trust is born. The socialists beg the whole ques- 

Suppose conditions of freedom. Sup- tion by constantly speaking of *4abor" 
pose every laboring man in the United as if only the digger or chopper were 
States to hâve the choice of two jobs, labor. Labor with them means evi- 
Suppose every cotton mill to be stipped denLly a common hand without tools. 
of its spécial monopoly of land and Labor with the individualist means 
water. And then suppose thèse mills men and women as they are to-day, 
competing among themselves, and with ail the producing powers, ail 
what is the resuit? Each miller says, their skill, thought, fraternity and high 
"l'm going to produce more cloth and purpose. Labor is the producing 
better cloth than any other man." cause, producing ail capital, ail wealth 
What happens? — ail things but nature. To suppose 

.Wages rise, because to produce more that unaided capital can op- 
he must employ more men, and to get press labor is to suppose the shovel 
men he must bid for a man already capable of knocking its user do^^, \!!l 
with a job. The price of his product ÎB land-niOTio^oVY -^^^"tm^XSûfeTûaî^^'^ 


capital that oppresses. Capital has no justice, give fraternity an opportunity 
"divine right." It wastes, decays, but to bloom, and bring about free compe- 
the land owner never fails to get the tition in fact, we ofifer the single tax. 
bargain. In the air of freedom the We oflfer it as a practical, graduai 
trust will die. method of restoring social equilibrium. 

Under free and equal conditions no We take taxation as a means to do 
millionaires can rise and no laborer be this, because the right to tax is gener- 
forced into poverty, because men do ally admitted, and forms the best 
not diflfer 80 greatly in powers as would instrument possible to readjust con- 
se^m to be indicated by the vast for- ditions. 

tunes of our day. In the eyes of sci- How would the single tax destroy 
ence Mr. Gould varies from one of his spéculation, free labor, and establish 
engineers very much as one grass- justice? Is it not absurd to say that 
hopper varies from another, just as one so simple a measure will do so much? 
blackbird develops a longer wing or a Its simplicity is its magniflcent virtue. 
larger wing than another. Stripped It is not a new law nor a set of laws. 
of his advantages — the privilèges with It is not a new restriction, nor an 
which a superstitions âge endows him — extension of the powers of government ; 
and Mr. Gould would become what he it is a vast stride toward freedom. It 
is, a rather smallish man, differing argues results from proved tendencies; 
•slightly from the type. His wealth, its influences can be tested by refer- 
the product of an unswerving law, ence to the motives of men now. It 
himself the chance owner, because, so does not require the transformation of 
long as land remains limited in amount greed into gratitude, 
and population increases, somebody Its partial application as fiscal reform 
mti8t be enriched without labor, and would begin at onc« to produce the 
the greater the invention, the intelli- most important eflfects. 
gence, the morality of the people, the Let us note a few of thèse efifects. 
higher will the price of land go, and First the efifect on industry has been 
the deeper and broader will be the noted. Being released from tax, pro- 
gulf between the man enriched and the duction will every where receive a new 
man impoverished by landlordism. It impetus. This does not need demon- 
is of no value to point out hère and stration. This activity in trade and 
there an apparent exception. Some- manufacturing will cheapen the price 
body in a sale of land, always gets what of products at the same time that a 
he has not earned, and it is the worker, greater demand for labor tends to raise 
the user, who pays ail the bills. wages. This would not mean that the 

Thxs must continue as long as the increase of wages should come out of 
value of land due to the pressure of the business man, but that it would 
population is allowed to go into private come out of the landlord. A mine- 
pockets. It has ail the eflect of an owner for example would be taxed as a 
inexorable law. AU inventions, free- mine-owner, not as a mine-iiser. His 
dom of commerce, ownership of rail- tools and shafts would be untaxed, his 
ways, éducation, fanitation are power- privilège would be taxed just the same 
less to fulfll their mission in enriching whether he used it or not. Resuit, he 
the average man, so long as spéculation would use, or sell to someone who 
in land continues. They will only would use. Our coal-barons are taxed 
resuit in raising rents and ultimately but a few cents per acre upon their 
in enriching the landowner. Freedom, vast holdings of incalculably valuable 
equality, and fraternity are impossible lands; this is why they can régula te 
under such conditions, because the the out- put of coal and "pluck" the 
whole struggle to live is so bitter, so helpless miner. Tax them according 
ferocious. to the value they hold, tax them to the 

JVorv to àestroy monopoly, establish ftill of the annual value of each acre of 


mining land, and the coal-barons would tunity of receiving back flffceen per 
give way to a thousand co-operative cent, of it, is a pîtiable resuit of a hun- 
mining companies. Miners would hâve dred years of **freedom.'' 
higher wages and steadier work, whlle To give labor the power to make a 
we in Boston would get coal cheaper. fîree contract with the employer wlU 

The naked facts of our mining re- amount to a complète révolution of the 
gions are so ghastly, so horrifying, wheel. *'Free contract, he has it now," 
that it seems impossible under the stars someone says. "No one forces him to 
and stripes. A frightful ad vocation at take a dollar and a half a day." No 
its best; when joined with low wages, *'one'' does, butsociety and the sinister 
uncertain employment, misérable shadow of want and suflfering do. No 
living in a tenement home in a desolate slave ever had such relentless overseer. 
région, it reaches the heights of There is no lash so cruel as hunger, no 
tragedy. Thèse coal-barons standing subduer of rebellions hears like the 
there above the great seams of coal gleam of a tear on the cheek of a hun- 
Nature has put there for ail men, col- gry child. Free contract? How can 
lect from Americans untold millions of there be free contract where a man has 
tribute, while the miner who toils in a wife and children depending upon 
the darkness and damp gets just pay his daily labor at any price? 
enough to live and produce children to This is why ail strikes are so futile, 
take his place when be dies. Great as protests of labor, they fail be- 

In the face of one of thèse men the cause "while capital wastes, labor 
boasted Amencan civilization fades starves;^^ because the supply of men 
into mist. This measureless wrong we eager to work is limitless apparently — 
call freedom — freedom to toil like a men so eager they will take their lives 
slave and die like a dog! in their hands to get the place lefb by 

The efifect on wages. Not only would the striker. The whole theory of labor 
the single tax raise wages, it would organization from the times of Chaucer 
free labor. On this point alone it rises to the présent has been, "there are too 
above a fiscal reform to become a many men— too little work. We must 
peacefîil révolution. The slavery of keep the number of workmen down.'^ 
labor consists in its dependency upon This is the feeling lying at the heart of 
the employer. In thevastincreasingly the opposition to émigration, the 
complex machinery of society, the opposition to labor-saving machinery 
artisan feels himself more and more a and the opposition to women in trades. 
cog, without power to move aside from "Keep the number of hands down. 
his place. The employer fixes wages, There is only so much work. There 
buying his labor as he buys his lumber, must not be too many men." 
at the lowest market rate, a rate which But in the single tax a new idea ap- 
labor has little or no power to al ter. pears, Why not increase the number of 

The laborer is not only powerless to jobs? How! By taking spéculation 
fix the rate at which he will work, but ont of existence, and releasing ail 
powerless to keep down the rising rent industry. By bringing mines, forests, 
that is ready to swaliow him up. He lots, into the market at low priées, by 
says, "Please, mister, can't y' give me putting raw Nature into the hands of 
a job?" and he liuddles his family into industry and ont of the hands of the 
two or three rooms in a miasmatic speculator who employs no labor. 
alley. The employer could not stir a The more men the less work, is not 
wheel or move a car without him, and true, necessarily. Under the single 
yet so abject is labor, the employer tax the more men the more work; two 
knows he can set the price of a day's men working together can produce 
work. This spectacle of the produc- more than twice as much as one man, 
ing agent of society begging for the a hundred men more thaiv a. Vi\yxv^<è>^ 
chance to croate wealth for the oppor- times aa nmch. «ja Xnîo tû^w. 'Y^'èk 


trouble is the landlord cornes in be- there is no one better fltted to bring" 
tween and shares the wealth but not order out of chaos than the man just 
the toil. selected for superintendent of motive 

Not work enough! What is work? power and machinery. 
It is the application of a living hand But hère is the rub. No man ever 
directed by a créative brain, upon ^ad a bigger task before him nor en- 
matter. It créâtes nothing, it destroys tered upon his duties under greater 
nothing. It simply takes fîrom the vast difficulties than does this man. The 
ebb and flow of Nature a portion of her mismanagement of the iast flve years 
abundance— a modicum of matter— has left the power in such a worthless 
fashions it, transports it, puts it touse, condition that it will take ever "Little 
and then at Iast, sooner or later it is jœ" with ail his well known skill a 
reabsorbed into the endless cycle. Men long time to make a showing. But 
and the things they need are only make the showing he will. The assist- 
forms of matter, and Nature is inex- ant he has selected show he is on the 
haustible, gênerons, and impartial, right track. He, like himself, knows 
How comes it that work is scarce, hun- every foot of the road; knows every 
ger plenty, and nakedness common? man, and know what their predecessors 
Notbecause work or food is scarce, but did not, that a cheap man is not gen- 
because to support himself, the toiler erally a good man. Expérience and 
must support the family of his land- worth will not now be considered 
owner flrst, because he is not free to *<chestnuts," and there will be no 
take and fashion the indestructible ma- reaching for "anything, so long as it is 
terial that lies just at his hand. The green and verdant." Such a fullness 
opportunity for labor is inimitable, but hâve we had of this **early" kind of 
a despotic law bars the laborer out. management that it has brought about 

We call upon organized labor to tum the same eflfect upon the road that 
its attention to the speculator as the *<early>» fruit brings to the stomach of 
"scab" to be driven out. Free Nature the small boy. 

and labor is free. Give each man the it is useless now to comment on the 
choiceof two jobs atequal priées, hâve différent superintendents brought on 
two employers bidding for his work the roadoflate for some purpose not 
and you hâve a free man to make a quite clear. Suffice it to say that if any 
free contract. When the employer of them possessed mechanical ability 
sends out on the Street for men (as I their salaries must hâve been paid them 
hâve seen happen temporarily in to hide it, for thére is no évidence that 
in western towns), then there is no either of them disclosed any while 
cringing of labor, no appeal, hère. 

"Please, mister, give me a job." It is The only few good engines on the 
man to man and face to face, a free road to-day are those that were built 
contract.— flamWn Oarland in January by the company before the "freshmen" 

[TO BE CONCLUDED.] ®^^ bcgan. 

_^___^^„.^,„..,^ But now we will hâve a mechanical 

n r T ®^^ ^^^ ^® rejoice at this prospect for 

THE NE W MANAG EMENT . the reason that we believe now as we 

Are we going to commence railroad- hâve always, that if the company 
again, was the question asked of each prospers we must prosper. If there is 
other when it became known that the mismanagement we suflfer as well as 
new superintendent of motive power the company. AU that is wanted now 
was to be J. H. McConnell. It looks is patience by the directors and '92 will 
like it, was the answer, and the pre- show the U. P. to be one of the best 
diction we had made that S. H. H. equipped roads in the country as to 
Clark would set things to right again power, instead of being one of the 
xsr v^ 'y ofaU the men we know worst, as it is to-day. Observer. 



LABOR'S PROGRESS. if we accept ail our surroundings as 

necessary and right. But as soon as 

How we progress. A few years ago we recognize the fact that the hitherto 
there was neither state nor national cherished institutions hâve lost their 
bureaus of labor, free employ- vitality and are ail out of date, that 
ment offices nor workingmen's holi- ^hey are empty, foolish phantoms, 
days. Now we hâve them ail, and in Partly scarecrows, partly théâtre prop- 
the good time coming, labor wiU hâve «^ties, we expérience the horror and 
more— an équitable shareof the wealth lo^ging for escape, the discourage- 
it produces. This is the ultimatum; ^^^nt and disgust, which would flU the 
whether it is reached by the Henry mind and heart of a living man locked 
George theory, the Nationalistes pro- in a vault with the dead, or of a sane 
pagonda or other roads. Labor is ^^^n imprisoned with lunatics, obliged 
forging steadily ahead with this beacon ^ humor their vagaries to escape 
light for a guide, that the earth is physical violence, 
their's and the fullness thereof, as * 'This perpétuai conflict between our 
much as it is the property of million- ^^^^ and ail forms of our civilization, 
aire corporations. The future is bright ^'^^^ necessity for carrying on our ex- 
for the toiler, because humanity is ad- i^^^^^® ^^ ^^^ ^^^idst of institutions 
vancing to that higher civilization which we consider to be lies-these are 
when ail will acknowledge the father- *^® ""^^^^^ ^f our pessimism and skep- 
hood of God and the brotherhood of ^«i^^- ^his is the frightful vent that 

goes through the entire civilized world. 

The influence of the Knights of La- "^ ^^i» insupportable contradiction we 

bor and ail other labor organizations is ^^^ ^^^ enjoyment of life and ail incli- 

torestrainfrom impulsive, misdirected ^^^^^ ^^^ ^^o^*^- I*^"is the cause of 

action. The tendency is to appeal to ^^^^ feverish sensé of discomfort that 

reason and the sensé of right. disturbs the people of culture in ail 

The success of laat year's eight-hour countries to-day. In it we find the 

movement has fùUy justifled the antic- solution of the problem of the dismal 

Ipationsofitepromoters. It has made *^^^^J>^ modem thought." - Max 

room for thousands of additional work- ■ 

men. Wherever workmen hâve seen **Monarchy is sometimes hintedat as 

fit to resort to strikes it has been after a possible refuge from the power of the 

fuU délibération. Their conduct after- people. In my présent position I 

ward has not only been orderly, but would be scarcely justifled were I to 

their efforts hâve been especially di- omitexercisingawamingvoiceagainst 

rected toward the préservation of law returning despotism. There is one 

and quiet. While active in asserting point to which I ask attention: It is 

their demands they hâve exhibited the effort to place capital on an equal 

good sensé and a willingness to listen with if iiot above labor in the structure 

to the other side. — Rocky Mountain of the govemment. I bid the laboring 

Celt. «■^,^^^_-_ people beware of surrendering a power 

which they already possess, and which, 

"This perpétuai conflict between the ^^en surrendered, will surely be used 

existing conditions of the world and to close the door of advancement to 

our secret convictions, has a most trag- g^ich as they, and fix new disabilities 

ic re-aotion upon the inner Ufe of the and burdens upon them till ail liberty 

individual. We seem to ourselves like ghall be lo8V'—Uncoln'8 Message to 

clowns who set others to laughing by Cimgress 1861, 

the jokes, which to them are so flat and ■ 

stale. Ignorance is easily combined The town formerly known as Eagle 

with a kind of animal sensé of comfort. Rock, Idaho, will hereafber be known 

and we can live happily and contented as Idaho Falls, Idaho. 


LEGAL DEPARTMENT. the company reeponsible to an injui 
employé for the négligent and i 

The print'iple of négligence îa con- pètent acte of hia feilow-employî 

strned against tbe employer aa well as DonbtleâB many readers of ttie Macu,^ 

employé. If a négligent and nnUBual zine will marve! to know that the eoi 

act of a raiiroad company contributes trary bas long been the law and is eti)! I 

toaninjury they miist be held respon- in many etatea. The old raie of law 

aible. Thus wbere a company eaffered which declareB ihat no recovery for 

a pïte ofashes to be lett on tbe track damages growing oui of or by reason 

at a place wbere aahea were never of the incompétence or négligence of a 

suffered to be dumped or left, whereby fellow-eervant, is eitber beiug modifled 

a Bwitcbman was thrown down and or wholly repealed ail along the Une. 

mn over by a car, witbont any fault of It bae resulted in the eiuployment of a 

hiB, the verdict for the injured em- more reliable claas of servants and the 

ployé was sustained. (Southerland vs. use of better, eafer and modem, ini- 

Railroad Oo., U. S. C. 0. [D.] Minn., proved machinery. Coarts eonstrue 

Oet. 13, 1890.) the law— but do not make the law. 

An important mling in the intereat Hence, it bas been tbe unpieaaant duty 

of railway employés bas been recently of judgea many tîmes to deny crippled 

inade by the New York Suprême and permanently injaredcomplainants 

Court (Grahara vb. Cbapman.recetver), com pensa tory damages, simply because 

wherein it is held that a ratlway com- he had asaumed tbe risk if any, grow- 

pany cannot e«cape liability for injur- ing ont of négligence or incompétence 

les to itB employée owing to over work of bis fellow-em ployé. It should be 

or over task required of them, in the remembered that undertbis progressive 

spirit of econoniy, in the hîring of in- relief in tbe shape of law it is made 

Bufflcient number of employés to oper- necessary and incumbent upon an em- 

ate and keep the road in repair. The ployé to give notice in case tbey hâve 

fact that a company is not making cause to apprebendâerious resuite fï'om 

expenses will not juatiiy ils placing the négligent acte ofanother, and thiB, 

additional hazarda in tbe line of em- it is claimed by the railway companies, 

ployea, on the ground of forced econ- haa a tendency to break down dici- 

omy. (Çee also Durkin va. Sharp, 88 pline amdengenderenmity because one 

N. Y. 225). employé woald be continually com- 

Railway EwPLOYEa'B Liability plaining of another. New York was 

Atrr. There is no snbject pertaining to perhaps the firat atate to test the objec- 

the légal and humane rights of railway tion, and it cannot be said that such 

employés of more concern and impor- résulte bave been experienoed, on the 

tance to them as a clasB tban the law contrary numerous investigationsgrew 

known and enacted in many states as out of the noticeandchargeofhabitual 

"The Employer'a Liability Act." The négligence and incompétence to the 

law in several etatea and the bille now betterment of the service and safety of 

pending in eurrent législation in a the employés. 

score ofatates, is a law to make rail- Our readers are warned of tbe fact, 
way companies liable for, the actions of tbat in order to this modem rule 
ite employés. Under the provisions of of law ayailable in case of injury, neg- 

this law, if a railway employé ia work- ligence or incompétence must be estab- 

ing with another employé whom he lished, after due notice, upon the part 

believes to be incompétent, it makes it of the employé complained of, for it 

his duty to notify the company, and is now well settled upon principle and 

then if he is hurt, crippled or killed authority, that négligence of a servant 

throngh the négligence of the person doea not escuae the company teom 

or employé complained of, the com- liability to a co-aervant for an injury 

pany is responaible. It simply makes wbich would not hâve happened had 


the master performed his duty afber his absence from his post, where the 
notice. The degree of incompetency évidence showed that the company 
and négligence of an employé com- had been notifled of this négligent 
plained of has been «onsidered by habit, and might hâve exercised rea- 
several court of the highest respecta- sonable diligence in correcting the 
bility; but, like continuing to work evil which occasioned the injury." 
with known defective machinery, if an Neither can an employer escape lia- 
employe continues to labor by the side bility by reason of placing the opera- 
or in a given and common employ- tion of the work in hand, in charge of 
ment an unreasonable time with a a contracter. Hence, where an em- 
notoriously incompétent and négligent ployé complained to, or gave notice 
employé, a cloud is thrown upon his to the contractor that certain of his 
right to recover in case of Injury. One co-employes were négligent, and that 
other fact of importance to a com- their work was negligently donc, and 
plaining and injured employé is to be it appears that complainant suffered 
able to establish that no carelessness or injury by reason thereof, it was held 
négligence of his contributed to the that the company and contractor were 
injury. In Illinois, however, the law jointly liable, notice to the one was 
recognizes comparative négligence; notice to the other. (C. I. M. & C. Co. 
and, where an injured employé sufifers vs. Kiefer, nis. S. C, November 5th, 
an injury by reason of greater or gross 1890.) 

carelessness of another as compared So, where a brakeman was directed 
to the carelessness of complainant, the to uncouple cars from a train which 
latter can recover. was moving too swiftly to enable him 

The lamentable number of cripples to make the the eut as they passed 
made and deaths occurring each year him, and he ran after them, intending 
in this department of labor throughout to get tipon the platofrm of the car to 
the country is appalling, and the em- do the coupling. It was dark, and he 
ployer's liability law which is likely to coUided with a switch stand which 
become gênerai in both state and stood near the track, but was unlighted. 
national code, is a hopeful effort to It appeared that the switchman had 
arrest in a measure the many hazards been complained of for his repeated 
heretofore assumed under compulsion négligence and failure to light the 
of law and hiring. A secondary ben- stand. The court ruled that notwith- 
efit is that an employé can more suc- standing a yard brakeman and a yard 
oessfuU prosecute his complaint and switchman were fellow-servants, under 
seldom fails under sufficient compli- the ©mployer's liability act, the com- 
ance and proper évidence to obtain pany could not escape compensatory 
judgment. The récent cases tried damages. (Smith vs. N. Y., etc., R'y 
under the law hâve for the most part Co., Sup. C, N. Y. City, Nov. 3, 1890.) 
resulted favorably to complainant. Where a brakeman had been duly al- 

Thus, the Suprême Court of New armed by reason of coming in contact 
York, in the case of Coppins vs. Bail- with numerous defective cars and com- 
way Co., on Dec. 2, 1890, held, "that plained to the company of the incom- 
the &ct that an injury to a servant was potence and négligence of the inspecter 
caused by the négligence of a fellow- of such cars, but no remedy seems to 
servant, does not excuse the company hâve been effected. An injury resulted 
from liability in damages therefor by reason of the inspecter passing 
where it appears that the accident and a foreign car badly out of order into 
injury would not hâve happened had his train, held, that the injured em- 
not the company been négligent in ployé could recover because of the 
hiring and retaining in the service a négligence of his fellow-servant. 
person who, by reason of his failure to (Railway Co. vs. Kreenan, Tex. S. C.^ 
perform a partlcular duty because of Oct. 28, 1890.") 





D. M. W., Thos. Nea8EL\m, Denver, Colo. 
D. W. F., Geo. C. Milleb, Ellis, Kans. 
D. R. 8., J. N. CoBBiN, Denver, Colo. 
D. F. S. & T., W. L. Cabboll, Denver, Colo. 

Editor and Manager of the Magazine, 


Office, Room 14 McClelland Block, 
P. O. Box 2724. Denver, Colo. 

E. V. Debs, gênerai secretary of the 
Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen 
and editor of the Firemen^s Magazine 
announces in that journal for January 
that he is about to resign from his pos- 
ition. Mr. Debs bas demonstrated that 
he is possessed of the qualifications 
necessary to fiU the dual position, and 
we trust the Brotherhood will sélect a 
man equally as qualified. Mr. Debs bas 
our best wishes for success wherever 
duty or inclination may caU him. 

The contribution from the pen of H. 
Breitenstein entitled "5,000,000 Men 
Wanted," published in our last issue, is 
reproduced in the Journal of the 
Knights of Lahor of January 15th with- 
out crédit — an oversight which the 
JoumaVs editor will probabiy correct 
sometime in the future. He evidently 
appréciâtes the efforts of Western 
Knights but dislikes to give them crédit 
for it. 

The Idaho législature has under con- 
sidération bills to establish the Austra- 
lian voting System, to make eight 
hours a day's work for state and mu- 
nicipal employés, prohibiting the 
employment of aliens on state and 
municipal work, and creating a bureau 
of labor statistics, ail bills in the inter- 
ests of labor. An anti-Pinkerton bill 
has been passed and signed by the 

The sewing machine offered to the 
agent that made the best proportionate 
increase in subscription list, goes to 
Geo. Ranson, Hanna, Wyo. The third 
machine will be given in July next. 

Lodge No. 77 B. of L. F. will give 
their 14th annual bail at Coliseum hall, 
Denver, Friday evening, February 13. 
On their handsome invitations Tim 
Fagan has written: 

"In the joy of the years that hâve past 

I see but the joys tliat wcro thino. 
And the lioiies that were brightest and last, 

Are tlie hopes of my own valentine — 
(If the other dou't showup on time.) 

"Awhile rest the "scoop" in its mcasure 
.Vnd hasten the danco that is thine. 

For this niglit wUl be onc round of pleasure 
With your love and your now valentine — 
(Should the 'caller' not liud you to sign.)" 

The Union Pacific Employées Mag- 
azine for January is before us, filled 
with interesting discussions of indus- 
trial topics; published by direction of 
District Assembly 82, Denver, Colo. — 
Junction City IHbune. 

Livingston, the man that came to 
Topeka, Kans., during the sénatorial 
contest, representing the New York 
Farmers Alliance in behalf of Ingalls, 
is the John Livingston, "président of 
the railway shareholders," famé. He 
is sporting under a new guise. 

Railroad strikes hâve been common 
the past two months, and the "striking 
Knights of Labor" hâve not been the 
cause of them either. The telegraphers 
hâve stepped into the ring as fighters 
now, and the press reports of their 
strike reads very much like the reports 
did when the Knights of Labor were at 
it. Boycotting ! Cutting wires ! ! At- 
tacking those who took their places ! ! ! 
And spécial guards called out against 
them ! ! ! ! And ordered to withdraw 
from the organization! ! ! ! ! Humanity 
will resort, after ail, to the same means 
under similar circumstances, and no 
organized men who work for wages 
can truly say, "they are the Lord's 
chosen people." 


'Too much much reading, and too 
little thinking, has the same eflfëct on a 
man' s mind that too much eating and 
too little exercise has on his body." 


LITERARY NOTES. Alfred Rusfell Wallace, D.C.L., LL.D., 

Rabbi Solomon Schindler, Félix Os- 

**The Origin of the Aryans."— An ac- wald, Ph. D., Hamlin Garland, Mon- 

count of the Pre-Hlstoric Ethnology cure D. Conway, Ellzabeth Cady Stan- 
and Clvilization of Europe. — By Isaac ^^i Professor Josheph Rodes Buchanan 
Taylor, M. A., Lltt. D.— Two double and Wllbur Larremore. 
numbers (130 and ISl") of the Hum- * x» ., '. TT 

boldtlibrary.-PriceSOcentoeach.- f ^ther can give his youngson no 
The Humboldt Publishing Co., 28 Setter présent than a year's reading of 
Lafayette Place, New York. *''.!, Sci^t^ Anwncan Ite contente 

The iast ten years hâve 8een a revo- ^T'" \f *''« /«^"^ ""'f !« *!>« P^th of 
lution in the opinion of scholars aa to ^'î^f *• ^f ^ ^^e treads there awhile, 

.. . • X.. i, xu A ne'U forget frivolties and be of some 

the région m which the Aryan race „^ . j .« i_ , ^^ v^i ouiut? 

• • 4. /i /i 4.1, • X.' -u 4.1 account, and if he has an inventive or 

ongmated, and théories whieh not Ions: v. • i ^ « "xvcnuxvc ui 

. n . , j., ^ mechamcal tum of mind, this naper 

ago were universally accepted as the _.n «, , , . ^ ! . p**por 

well-established conclusions of science, ^ ,i . ," T""^ e°tert^»nment, bs 

now hardly find a defender. Thé ^f .^^ "««f'il i»iformation, than he can 
theory of migration from Asia haa been ^^^'?^ elsewhere Copies of this paper 
displaced by a new theory of origin in "*7 ^ seen at this office and subscrip- 
Northern Europe. In Germanyseveral ^o"» '^oei ved. Pnce |3 a yea r, weekly. 
Works hâve been devoted to the sub- - 

ject, but this is the flrst English work The body of the human being is cred- 
which has yet appeared embodying the i^^ with having 165 bones and 500 
results recently arrived at by philolo- niuscles. Of blood a full grown person 
gists, archsBologists, and anthropolo- ^^^ about 30 pounds; that means one- 
gists. This volume afifbrds a fresh and ^^^ of the total weight. The heart is 
highly interestingaccount ofthe près- about six inches long and four inches 
ent state of spéculation on a highly i° diameter. It beats 70 times in one 
interesting subject. minute, 4,200 in one hour, or 100,800 

The publishers are to be congratu- times in a day, and 36,972,000 times in 
lated on the new cover which is truly a year. Whoever reaches the âge of 
artistic and durable. seventy years had over 2,565 millions 

— of heart beats. On the average we 

Under the auspices of the Public Li- breathe 1,200 times hourly, whereby 
brary a séries of lectures will be deliv- ^^® ^^ 600 gallons (one gallon being 
ered in the Assembly Hall of the High about 225 cubic inches) in a day. The 
School on the local history of Denver .average weight of the brain of a full 
and Colorado by six of the early set- grown man is three pounds and 8 
tiers. Few are now living who are ounces, of the female slightly less* 
qualifled to speak from actual exper- With the brain are connected the nerves 
lence of Colorado life in the early 60's. ©îther direct or by the spine. If ail 
Jan. 16th, Hon. Sam E. Browne; Jan. nerves were counted they would as- 
30th, Hon W. F. Stone; Feb. 13th, Hon. snme a number greater than any here- 
L. B. France; Feb. 27th, Hon. Horace tofore known army on the battlefield. 
M. Haie; Mar. 13th, Hon. Amos Stock; Every square inch of our skin contains 
Mar. 27th, Hon. H. M. Orahood. Tick- 3,500 pores, which in truth are little 
ets for the course $1.00, at the Public tubes of 1] inch length each, or in the 
library. aggregate 201,166 feet; more than 38 

miles. ]y[^ 

The demand for the January Arena - 

has been so great that a second édition ** The ambition of youth looks for- 

was called for in less than ten days ward to the triumphs of âge, while 

after the appearance of this number. satedageturiiabacit3u'^\^\>i\ù.^^^'ôKsi\^^ 

Among the leading contributors are the rosy patYi ot ^ow^^i?'' 


WYOMING SENATORS. used for fear of bringing down the for- 

tifications for whose défense it was in- 

Since Carey and Warren hâve been tended. Since elevating this great 
elected senators from Wyoming, and tower of intellect to his présent giddy 
since their constituents are beginning beight, there bas either been a com- 
to get a good peep behind the curtain plete change of heart, or an entire 
of their sénatorial career, we can hear change in the **Babel of Tongues." In- 
many of those who shouted, élection- stead of pelting him with roses, re- 
eered and voted for them, now express proach and contempt seems to be the 
themselves quite the reverse from universal languageofthe state. When 
what should be expected of them as ^^^ vast army of snck statesment loom 
friends of thèse greet statesmen (?). ^P before us they become an indeflnite 
They seem to think there bas been too absurdity in the présence of one real 
much incense wasted on idols that are J^st man. No wonder that the instinct 
so undeserving. Especially is this true o^ self-preservation and the light of 
in Senator Warren's case. That he is intelligence is narrowing their dark 
a man of ability they do not deny; careers. 

they also admit that he bas an uncom- I shall waste no sympathy on the 
mon courage, to invade the rights and dupes, for we bave had sufficient time 
insuit the intelligence of a people well and opportunity to leam that the 
qualified to judge of public aflfairs. great men of any âge are not those who 
They further admit that his actions are feasted, toasted, and run after by 
hâve required an audacity unao- the crowd. They are usually the pa- 
quainted with shame. The cheeks of tient pioneers who with giant blows, 
his supporters are already beginning persévère in clearing the way for re- 
to tum the color of the setting sun for form regardless of an ignorant rabble. 
situation. — H. Breitenstein in the Laramie Bxxym- 

Wyoming' s senator should be warn- erang, 
ed to beware of the fiiry of thèse un- , 

suspecting and patient Republicans. 
But why this nervous exhibition among Etemity is a l ong tim e for cogitation. 

them? Why not give him a chance? 

He iB a Phœnix, but young in his nest, ^ ^^°^^° ^« ^^ ^^ «^^P® when she 
and bas hardly had time to clear his ^^ *^ ^^^«^ ^®^ affection on a poodle 
wings of the ashes that gave him birth. ^^* 

Our American bouse of lords is fuU 
of men who are possessed of ail the- ^ ^^^ conscience and a sleepless pil- 
negative qualifications that constitute ^^^ ^^® mfatuated with ea<3h other^s 
merit in a statesman. They obey the ^^^^®^y- 
Mathusean law; they multiply with 

the means of their existence, and the ^^^ ^^ ^^^ «^^^^^^ ^^ '^^^^ ^^ 
means of existence of knaves is the moral infirmaties-such supposed cases 

credulity of their dupes. ^^ «^^^^«« ^®^°S P^^^*^^ out-but they 

To do them justice, they bave talent succeed m spite of them . 
for talking in public. They can speak 

with great précision— I bave heard I» moments of silent reflection, the 
some of them— with a solemn and s^ap of a lightning photographie ap- 
plausible eelivery. They bave paratus on our minds might disclose 
thoughts, or rather words resembling something unworthy 

thoughts, which may be applied indefi- 

nately. Whenever a question comes Little brains and suave manners can 
up that is of great concern to the always get to the front when a big in- 
masoes, they remind me of an old can- tellect and a brusque disposition must 
^* ^ ~m8 Beldom take a back seat. 





Do not watt until the last moment to write up 
pour nwnthly letter, Send it in at any time, the 
aooner after y ou read this the better. The flrst 
opportunity you hâve ia the beat time. 

PooATBLiiO, Idaho, .Tan. 13, 1891. 

Editor Magazine; 

We havA now f airly started on the new year, but 
in many respects poorly. The laying off of so 
many poor workingmen in wintertime, whencost 
of liying is more than in sommer time, is a great 
set back to many a one, and over a week's holi- 
day throagh Christmas time, but it may be a good 
lesson to a great nomber, it may teach them to 
strive to lay by a dollar for a rainy day instead of 
putting it on the faro table. 

Times are very dull, so the merchants and saloon 
men say. They find that it is the workingman 
that supports them, but very seldom they will 
support the workingman. They claim they hâve 
a right to buy goods where they f eel like it wheth- 
er it is boycotted or not. We hâve protested 
against the Star tobacco being handled hère. We 
hâve ezplained the trouble between Legett & 
Myers of St. Louis and the K. of L. why we did 
not wish them to handle it. We had it advertised 
in OUI locfd papers for months, but they were 
doing a good business and did not care for a f ew 
workingmen's opinion, and they continned to 
handle it, ezcept Mr. James Ccunpbell. He wonld 
not hâve it on his shelves if they wonld give it to 
him for nothing. 

How easy wonld it be for the workingmen 
of Pocatello to make thèse would-be better than 
us people to corne to our terms if we only tried. 
Liisten to them now — they ail claim to be the 
workingman's best friend, each and every one of 
ihem. are after your individuai trade. 

We are now hoping for better times which 
everybody thinks will come about the 15th. May- 
be so and maybe not so. Time will teU. 

We had a splendid union meeting last Saturday 
night with the machinistes union men. After this 
we will dévote the first Saturday evening of eaoh 
month for that puri>ose. 

I would advise ail delinquent members to hurry 
and get reinstated as we hâve a great surprise in 
store for the assembly. The new offîcers I am 
told are going to put new lif e in the assembly. I 
am glad to hear it, aithough we hâve been a pretty 
lively body of late. 

Bro. Ted Nichols says he has been sick two 
weeks in the hospital at Ogden and just retumed. 

By the amount of talMng he did last Saturday 
«vening one would not believe he had ever been 
siok in his life. We don*t miss "Cater" much 
now that we hâve Ted. The blacksmith shops 
seem to be pretty windy at times. 

Bro. Thomas Hallgreen has been down in Sait 
Lake and left his surplus in real estate. That "s 
right, Tom. We ail ought to do that. Who ever 
saw Bro. Hallgreen in a saloon? 

Bro. Warmsley came near losing his little 
finger recently. It got caught in the machine 
while he was wiping it. Glad to see him atthe 
machine again. 

Bro. Âdamson is getting ready to go to Anacon- 
da and work for the M. U. 

I bave nothing to say about the Indian scare. 
You know more about that than we do hère. 

Fédération proved a failure In our late strike 
Who talked loudest? P. M. Arthur's men. Who 
went to work the next morning sajông nothing 
to anybody? P. M. Arthur's men. The switchmen 
said, "I told you so!" 


Omaha, Neb., Jan. 22, 1891. 

Editor Magazine: 

Looking over the past year and comparing it 
with the preceding one we find considérable dif- 
férence in regard to the time made by the men 
employed in the shops. While 1889 may be con- 
sidered a steady one as regards the number of 
men employed and the time worked each week. 
1890 will long be remembered as one of changes 
both in number of men employed and the time 
each one made. 

But if rumors are true, on Feb. 1 we will lose 
thèse great economists who hâve been at the head 
of the motive power department for the last six or 
eight months. While they may not be entirely to 
blâme for the short time, it seems strange that the 
motive power department is the first and some- 
times the only place where it seems necessary to 
reduce ezpenses. 

The men hère sometime ago thought they were 
entitled to quit work on Saturday at 4 o'clock 
(the working time being changed on Friday), and 
did so. The officers hère thought différent and to 
get even, I suppose, eut off the Saturday after- 
noon ever since, and intended last Saturday to eut 
off the Saturday entirely, working only only five 
eight-hour days per week: but before Saturday 
came it was rumored a new superintendent had 
been appointed, and the notices were not put up, 
and by virtue of the change we were allowed to 
make another four and a half hours which is 
considérable to men with small pay, aithough 
nothing to those drawing pay, work or not. 

It is generally understood that J. H. McCon- 
nell, or Little Joe, as he is f amiliarly called, an 
old employé of the company as master mechanic 
at North Platte and Omaha, is to be superinten- 
dent of motive power on Feb. 1, and I guess it is 
so for the McConnells who hâve managed to stay 
on the road hère since Joe resigned find they hâve 
become pretty good fellows lately, whereas a 
short time ago they could hardly visit the shopp 
without being chased off by the yI«te.tLS!ù»xv^ \\. ^ 
am correctXy inionxieâk.^ aïiâL\>û^«H^'V"«ssv. 



It makes considérable différence with some 
folks how near the throne you are when they f orm 
opinions. A short time ago McConnell record 
was n. g. Now it way ap. 

It is impossible to f orm any idea as to who will 
be who nnder the new organization. I hear they 
had the f ollowing slate made ap at the shops the 
firs^ day and managed to get some of it in the 
paper (bat slates break sometimes) : J. H. Man- 
ning, M. M.; J. E. O'Heame or Wm. Malchay, 
gênerai foreman; Thos. Daily, private secretary 
to J. H. McConnell; James Conners, head clerk 
for M. M. office; Beddy Burk, clerk in gênerai 
f oreman^s office. Others say maybe Spencer Ottis 
or L. Spragae may come in as a dark horse for 
M. M., bat if I mistake not things will be changed 

There hâve been a great many men in the shops 
laid off this last month, bat more especially the 
last two weeks, over fifty molder and helpers hav- 
ing either qait or been discharged this month in 
the f oandry alone. The night gang has been taken 
off and several blacksmiths and helpers dis- 

I am inf ormed they hâve introdaced a new Sys- 
tem of loading and anloading cars for the store 
department. There is a man hère from Kansas 
City who does the work by contract. that is, when 
there is any money in it, and when there is no 
money in it he does the work by the day, which, 
by the way, mast be a good contract, 

He like the rest of the newcomers introdaced 
himself to the men by laying off a lot of men. 

This man from Kansas City claims that two 
men in Kansas City can load oak sticks weighing 
from 600 to 800 poands, while il takes at least f oor 
Omaha men to do it. I think one man is still 
home with a smashed f oot as the resalt of trying 
to do what they claim for Kansas City. 

The wonderfal men from K. C. are nothing new 
hère. We had them hère ten years ago when they 
came and taaight the machinists ail aboat their 
basiness, bat they say they alJ improved by com- 
ing hère. Maybe this contracter will do the same. 
A man who doesn*t weigh 200 poonds is of no ase 
to him now. New men always seem to want 
every thing big to correspond. 

Talking aboat the store department I ander- 
stand that J. Lehmer is coi;isidering an offer to 
come back again and take charge. The company 
bave moved into the new freight dépôt this week 
andi hâve no doabt the employés are pleased 
with the change. The old department has been 
sold and will be moved to accommodate new 
tracks for tlie yards. 

Building on the new union passenger dépôt 
is stopped pending litigation in regard to the title 
tothe ground and the payment of the bonds voted 
by the city towards the construction of the via- 
duct completed and opened for travel January 1, 

I understand that the passes given a week ago 
to the employés who were to be transferred to 
Cheyenne headquarters. hâve ail been taken up 
and the office of superintendent of motive power 

and car department will be located in this city. 

The new engines still arrive with about the 

same regularity that they hâve for the last month 

or so. 

J. B. J. 

EVANSTON, Wyo., Jan. 22, 1891. 

Editor Magazine: 

I see by the last issue that Evanston or L. A. 
8274 was well represented. 

We are still on 8 hours per day and no work on 
Saturdays. It seems strange that we should be on 
short time and so much work and so many dead 
engines in the round house needing repairs. 

I notice by looking on the train board that ail 
the regular trains are running and some days 
extras and specials. 

And yet on short time engine 989 rolledout 
looking well, Wm. Murray taking her out for a 

Engine 604 will be out in a few days. 

Mr. C. E. Wurtele, superintendent of the Wy- 
oming division, and Mr. F. Mertzheimer passed 
through the round house and ail the shops, and 
they seemed to be surprised at the amount of 
work on hand. We were very pleased to see them 
come and see what was going on. Ail the em- 
ployée are pleased to see Mr. Wurtele again. 

We are ail happy today for it is pay day. The 
engineers and firemen are ail getting their back 
pay this time ail right. We woold like an earlier 
pay day. 

We are pleased with the prospect of having the 
round house, back shop and machine shop 
lighted by electricity by the Ist of February, 
which will be a great benefit to the company and 
a blessing to the employé. There will be no dan- 
ger of f alling in the pits or falling over blocks of 

We are pleased to see Mr. P. J. Reddy back 
again as chief dispatcher, and Wm. Berry back 
af ter a' visit to his folks in the east. 

Bome of our old time firemen are promoted to 

Wm. Berry and Beeee Jones go to Green River, 
Andy ScaUan to Ogden, C. Fisher to Echo, Josh 
Kirkman and Z. Dickey at Evanston. 

Moroni Ener is appointed Magazine agent for 
Evanston, and he is a rustler. 

Sorry to report the death of old John Allquist. 
He died very suddenly on the lOth. 

L. A. 3274 is stiU increasing in numbers and 
our meetings are interesting and well attended. 


Albin A, Ore., Jan. 20, 1891. 
Editor Magazine: 

We hâve one thing hère of which we can f eel 
proud at présent, viz, fine weather. But the shop 
is just the same as far as work is concemed. We 



have an occasional reet, and some of the boys are 
making good ose of the the time as it is almost 
impossible to get them to do an hoor's work apon 
sach occasions. 

While more look aronnd 
With their lips hnng down 
And gront and whine 
For longer time< 

There has been no change in the management 
yeU bat some are shivering since it is known that 
Mr. Middleton mnst go as tbey are not certain 
where or when the lightning will strike. 

Poor Josh and Jim 

Both sit and sing: 

"Alas, my job ! my job! my job!" 

Herman Gerbing, well known in Denver and 
to those that worked at Eagle Rock, an old black- 
smith in the employ of the U. P., lost his right 
eye a few days bef ore Christmas. He is slowly 
recovering and we hope to see him at his post 
again soon. 

Last raonth was a poor one for some of the boys 
as several of them got bat few hoars over half a 
month, while the repair gang got f ail time and 
some as mnch as 86 and 38 days and still kick for 
more, while engine and train men were ran al- 
most to death. Some of them boast of 45 and 48 
days last month, and extra men are laying aroand 
and not making board money. Are sach men in 

any way connected with the haman family? This 
is a qaestion that*s now open for remarks. 

John Chinaman is the white man's saccessor on 
the section again, bat when the weather is cold 
and snow covers the groand the wiley Chinaman 
he no savey. "Belly mach cold. Me no work." 

Consolidation of Portland, East Portland and 
Albina is the principal topic of the day. It woald 
be good enoagh for the former as it woold ease 
her bardensome debt by throwing a portion on 
some one else*s shoalders. 

Oar law makers are now in session and jadging 
from the namber of bills introdaced so far we 
will hâve law in abandance. Bat if they make ae 
many blanders as their predecessors, Oregonians 
shoald hide their heads in shame or drive the leg- 
islatare in a body to the Frigid zone of Mt. Hood, 
and snow bail them into sensibility. If they give 
os one forth of what oar governorrecommends in 
his message, we will hold ap both oar hands and 
ezclaim, "Well done, thon good and faithfal ser- 
vants." • 

Oar govemor*s message is a corker and has the 
proper ring from start to finish. I wish it was 
possible for every voter in the land to read it. 
Oregonians shoald feel proad of thesr execative, 
a man of daantly coarage and bravery who de- 
serve snot the taants or ridicales of any man or 
set of men. 

His Clarion notes rang load and clear 
O^er hills and valleys far and near, 

And despots qaake lest their yokes 
Be shattered by his powerfal strokes. 
And tiie f air Colambia flowing down 
Sings praises to him, throagh her Sound. 
Each Oregonian, ail and one, 
Bids his noble work go on; 
And the Eagle proad that protects oar host 
Bids more like him welcome to the coast. 
And when '92 comes aroand to hand 
Pat him at Washington in fall command. 

— Teeminal. 

Albina, Ore., Jan. 18, 1891. 

Editor Magazine : 

As I was invited by "Observer" to come again 
I thoaght I woald call aroand and give yoa a few 

The master car bailder seems boand to play the 
game of freeze-oat with his men to a finish, if it 
takes him ail winter, as he has made no attempt 
to warm ap the shop where he has control, al- 
thoagh the machine shop, pattem shop, paint 
shop and every other place is qaite comfortable. 
Even his own office had to be ceiled making it 
doable walls althoagh it is bailt inside of a brick 

The Michigan brothers are still on top having 
a pretty good time of it, althoagh they hâve lost 
one of their best chams who got a sitaation in a 
broker's office in Portland, and has quit hard 
work. Bat then they still hâve the Antedeluvian 
with them who is still making it red hot for the 
saws and the men that hâve to ase them. 

On the 24th of last month a bulletin was pat ap 
to the eflFect that the shops woald be closed antil 
Friday, Jan. 2d, which was carried ont to the let- 
ter with the majority of the employés, yet there 
was a few of the beloved who had work ail the 
time jast the same as if there had not been a 

The checks for the pay of the month of Novem- 
ber did not arrive antil after dark on the evening 
of Dec. 24th. Some of the men stayed and got 
their checks that night; and others went home 
mad, carsing the man who held the checks, who- 
ever he was. 

There were several mistakes made in the men''s 
time for the month of November ranging from 
one to f oar days. And as the men in Oregon seem 
to hâve a great decd of haman natare aboat them, 
they did not like to donate that mach to the Com- 
pany jast becaase someone had made a mistake. 
So trasting in the much-boasted-of liberty of an 
American citizen they went to the timekeeper and 
stated to him that he had made a mistake of so 
mach time in their accoant. After some time he 
made good the mistakes for November, and then 
gave them their time for December and informed 
them their services were no longer neoded by the 
Company. AU the same as the NewYork Central. 

There has been q;)Oû.\je bsv e»xçÀ\«vxveQXi\v«t^ "«xsv«v^% 



of some land sharks throagh the inflaence of a 
man who seemed to be held in very high eeteem 
by the management of the shop, the man in ques- 
tion holding the exalted position of sweeper in 
the machine shop and being a Tery glib talker, 
and his occupation taking him into ail parts of 
the shop, this man was jast the one to do the boys 
np in fine style, and he played the game for ail it 
was worth He received $5 commission on each 
man he could persuade go over to Portland and 
deposit $25 each for 160 acres of timber land, and 
he was doing a good business until the 27th of 
Dec. wnen an officer came into the shop and ar- 
rested him and put him behind the bars. 

He was subsequently bailed ont on $1,250 bonds 
for his appearance bef ore the grand jury, and with 
ail the évidences of gruilt in assisting those land 
sharks to rob his shopmates, he is put back in the 
shop among us just as though he were the best 
saint in the land. Verily, verily moral worth is 
at a discount in the Albina shops. 

Before I close I would like to give the supply 
department a passing notice. Mr. Moxie, the man 
who claims to hold the entire supplying of this 
division under his control,— I was goingto give a 
description of his Personal appearance. He looks 
more like the ''E" string of a vlolin than anything 
else. only he has a very heavy mustache, which 
makes him look rather fierce. 

In unloading lumber from cars he was having 
wide boards thrown from the cars in a very care- 
careless manner, which caused a good many of 
them to split. When his attention was called to 
it he said he didn*t care, he had the lumber and 
the Company had to buy it whether they liked it 
or not. Moxie, come down ofif your pirch; you 
are roosting too high for a bird of your âge. 

And there is his man Friday that wears the 
greasy ccinvass coat and the cow boy hat and triée 
to Bcare everyone he thinks he can, but he has not 
succeeded very well in that Une so far. 

There are a good many more things that need 
attention around hère, but I fear I hâve madethis 
letter too long already. So I wiU hâve to def er 
f arther compliments until some subséquent time. 


NoRTH Platte, Neb., Dec. 28, 1890. 

Editor Magazine: 

I promised when I wrote you last to let you 
know of what I met in my western tour, so what I 
bave to say must be hère and there along the 
western part of the road. I could give my letter 
no particular part to direct from for much of this 
comee from a month^s changes— notes by the way; 
and one doee not f eel much like doing things only 
when he is obliged to, if he has been living on the 
hôtel fare he gets from the small towns west of 
Keamey, along the main line and through to Den- 
ver over the cut-ofF. Had I not fallen in with an 
old f riend or two and got a Christmas dinner. I 
c/o not think I iFonld hâve made the attempt at 
jAToseni, or until I could hsve tairen a day off and 

got my digestive machinery better regulated. A 
hungry man cannot write or think, and at some 
hôtels he wants but little to eat. 

Business at thèse small western towns in Ne- 
braska and Colorado does not amount to very 
much now. Merchants complain: **We can make 
but few collections. Homesteaders hâve but 
very little to buy with. Some we must carry 
along, othérs we dare not.*' More than one-half 
will hâve to be helped by charity from places that 
hâve been more fortunate this past year. 

The few notes I hâve taken hère and there are 
badly mixed up, so I must give them without 
regard to order. 

The work on the new dépôt at Kearney, which 
had been stopped, is fast being completed, and 
will be a help to Kearney as well as the traveling 

Beaching North Flatte in the moming after 
such a comfortable night's sleep in a luxurious 
reclining chair bed. Oh, shades of rest! who 
invented thee! Every triangle in my body ached. 
I did not get the kinks ont in an hour. I had 
some business to attend, then I spent a few hours 
with some old K. of L. frierds, talking over the 
lights and shadows of the order. I had a walk 
abciutthe city. I heard much talk about coal 
stealing. I took note that several new blocks 
had gone up which are a crédit to the city. 1 
leamed that about 20 were arrested for coal f ound that it would be hard to make a 
case against them though perhaps ail were more 
or less guilty. 

Going on west I found that it was the cry at 
every town, from those that were able and willing 
to buy as well as those who could not buy: "No 
coal to be got." "The company will not fill 
orders for the dealers and rather than freeze we 
will help ourselves," — or as we call it, "rustleit." 
We can't blâme them for I think myself if I had 
the money and was willing to buy coal, and the 
company would not give me a chance to buy it, 
I would take it rather than see my family suffer 
from cold, and plenty of coal going by every day. 
I^d hâve it if I had to ditch a coal car to get it. 
What good will it do the company to get up a case 
against them for this taking of coal? There is 
not a jury they could raise that would find thèse 
men guilty under thèse circumstances. Yet there 
are cases that should be punished. Bcinkers and 
lawyers ont stealing coal— and if they don't want 
to soil their robber hands they hire some one to 
steal it for them. This is no imaginery case. One 
fellow told me he was hired to rustle coal for a 
cer^n banker, and in another town I was told of 
a man who lived a little way out who had taken a 
contract to keep four school district school 
housee in coal for the winter, and he has ho far 
and has not bought a pound of coal either- 

Several car loads of clothing and provisions 
from différent towns in easteru Nebraska, and 
also several cars of coal and corn, hâve been sent 
to be distributed among those who are reaUy 
needy, and who if it were not for this little help 
would suffer, and many will as it is. 

I saw caaea where Ihoee who were most needy 



were more timid in asking for this help than thoee 
who conld help themselves. 

I wae told of a case near Jolesbiirg of a man 

named S n^who owned one and half sections of 

land and a dwelling house as fine as any west of 
North Flatte, the house coeting over $2,000. He 
has good barns, horsee and cattle— bat he came 
with tearfol eyee to the coonty commissionor 
whoi he was giying ont the charity coal to get 
Bomeof it, and did sacceed in getting 500 Ibs. 
There are lots of this kind of men in thèse towns 
— bat there are many who are worthy of help, even 
if some who do not deserve it should seek for 
some too. 

Well, I mast shorten thèse notes. I saw fine 
new tanks at Âthias, Bashnell and Big Springs 
where they were bamed last summer, and new 
ones at Lodge Pôle and ChappeUin place of the 
old ones. 

The coantry is very dry and unless there is a 
heavy f ail of snow this winter they will raise no 
crops next year. The homesteaders tell me they 
hâve raised little or no crops throagh this région 
for the last four years, that nearly one-half of the 
settlers who coald prove up hâve done so and 
gone away, and many told me that if the prospects 
for a crop did not improve greatly that nearly 
ail that remained nowwoold go in the spring. 
This will mean the death of ail of thèse small 

I f oand at Cheyenne they had laid ofF nearly ail 
the men in the shops antil after New Year's. At 
Denver it was the same, but the men said that 
they coald not see how the company coald stand 
it, with the amoant of repair work that was on 
hand now and with the increase that woald come 
bef ore the first of the year, it would reqnire more 
men to catch ap. 

The section hoase at Paxton bnmed on the 
aftemoon of the 26th from a spark from a loco- 
motive. They are digging a new well at Paxton. 

Getting back to North Platte I saw there had 
been a mill between tlie train dipatchers and 
some condactor, the dispatcher having his eye 
done ap, bat on inqairy I leamed that it was a 
low-lived, cowardly attack on the part of the 
condactor becaase hc coald not lay off and take 
Bome woman to a dance, his own wife being sick 
athome. Bat it seems that the dispatcher dis- 
patched the condactor with one eye shat and 
minas one-half his ear. Also a loss of his job, 
and a boance from the condactor's association. 

And hère I will leave yoa and take ap my notes 
from this point. 


Men who are working rooms most lay idle and 
allow them to do so. Snch discrimination is an- 
jast and shoald not be tolerated. Bat it seems 
oar local management cannot see how it can be 
done otherwise; i. e., keep one half of the mine 
working steady while the other is in comparative 
idleness. AU are entitled to an eqaal share and 
it woald be an easy mattOT to make an eqaal 
division of the work in times like the présent if 
oar local management cared to do so. There is 
an object they seek to attain by asing the présent 
method, bat men are so blinded by their own 
selfish interests they cannot see it. Those that 
are reaping the benefit will sooner or later hâve to 
soffer the evils that foUow sach système. 

There was a time in the anthracite coal fields of 
Pennsylvania when every miner had a laborer, in 
many instances the laborer being the beet work- 
man. Bat he received his pay from the miner 
and mast take whaiever he coald get, sometimes 
less than half the pay the miner received. When 
rédaction and strikes occarred the laborer did 
not hesitate to take the place of the miner. Hence 
the object in keeping men divided. 

Mr. Lidel has resigned his position as mine 
f oreman at No. 2 mine and left for his home in the 
East. Jimmy is respected by ail that knowhim, 
therefore we wish him saccess. John Battle is the 
man who fills the vacancy . John is the right man 
in the right place. 

L. A. 2188 is in a health condition and bids fair 
to be as good an assembly as any in the state. The 
twenty-five copies f ail to meet the demand. It 
seems we will hâve to double the number. 

Our meetings are made very interesting by dis- 
cussions on the causes that bave enslaved the 
masses and the remedy we must apply to establish 
the great brotherhood of man. 

It is our intention to hâve a public library in 
the near future. The Journal, our national officiai 
organ, will ever by a welcome visitor. It is an 
educator in itself and should be read by every 
man and woman in the land. Then there is our 
Magazine, it will always find a place in the hearts 
of those that love good solid reading matter. 

Hanna has at last been supplemented with a 
longfelt want, that of a constable. Richardson is 
the man. Tom is a big fellow and no doubt will 
make the boys toe the mark. 


Hanna, Wyo., Jan. 19, 1891. 
Editor Magazine: 

Nothing appearing in the Magazine from Hanna 
the past f ew months, a f ew items may be of inter- 
eet to its many readers. 

Work has been very dull hère the past few 
weeks as far as mining is concemed, with the ex- 
ception of a few. The few are those who are 
working entriee. Entries are narrow work. It 
aeemê aa if entry men are able to fill the trade. 

Denysb, Colo., Jan. 24, 1891. 
Editor Magazine: 

I see by the last issue that someone else has 
interested himself in writing up this place. I 
hope he will keep it up and others follow 
his example. 

Forty hours per week is regular working time 
hère, as we understand it is ail over the road. A 
few seem to be able to get overtime enough to 
make up for this. 

The Ft. Worth shops are closed and the ma- 
chinery taken out, the mon having been given 
places hère and out at the wer»» ^Xvqîv^ N«\À.O£v"ax^ 
now gettvng t\ie ■cciBuOKUCvet'ig ■ç.xsX. va.. '\\As><5«s»'oss^ 
as if we aXi, mclMâàii* X^Yv» ^javiîOto.^ «tV xsiftw,^*?^^ 
be out t\ieT© Vu Bl ter« ^«ç>Va. 



The change that will take place on the Ist in 
the charge de affaira of the machinery depart- 
ment has caased considérable talk, and of a 
hopeful natare. The news that Mertzheimer 
was to again be attached to it was well received 
by old timers, and many wished he was to be at 
the top. He had the réputation of treating ail 
alike when hère, and that offsets a multitude of 
f aults, and no one could say he was not a me- 

Pat Touhey is also welcomed back hère as 
superintendent. Being superintendent never 
makes Touhey so austentations as to not be 
acquainted with his m en. 

The steam hammer is still a dangerous thing 
for the blacksmiths. There is a bill before the 
législature that should become a law. It would 
reraove the cause of much danger to workmen 
by making the employer responsible for acts of 
co-employes, and consequently more care would 
be taken in the sélection of men for responsi- 
ble positions. Cheapness then would not eut so 
big a figure. 

The assembly hère is keeping up its usual ac- 
tivity. TiM. 

NoRTH Platte, Neb., Jan. 23, 1891. 

Editor Magazine: 

It has been some time since I last wrote you, 
and from ail appearances the fox and David 
hâve been congratulating each other on my 
supposed dismissal. I hâve been keeping quiet 
to see if they would mend their ways and act as 
men should in their positions. I see the folly of 

Things at this point hâve been going on the 
same as usual, and when I say "as usual'* I mean 
that engines hâve been coming in for repairs 
and going out with none. For example, an en- 
gine came in and was rushed out as usual by the 
fox, minus eccentric work and a great many 
other things needed. After making one trip she 
was in for a gênerai overhauling. This is not 
the only case. 

It often amuses me as I am going about the 
shops doing my work to see the way the fox 
stalks about under hyperdermic pressure of 

The other morning passing through the yard I 
noticed our David, and immediately concluded 
that somothing desperate was about to happen. 
Securing mysolf from danger I waitod and 
watchod. Thero was evidently danger in the air, 
our modem giant slayer being fully couscious 
of it. He buttoned up his coat, puffed out his 
mammoth chest, and throwing back that won- 
derous head, with clinched fists like his name- 
sake of ancient time, started on the trail of some 
invisable Goliah. Iwas non-plused, andchanged 
my position in time to discover the danger of a 
•' small boy who was gathering small bits of 

fe coal from along the track and placing the 

in a small play wagon. 

The child was in the direct line of the great 
chieftain's awful march and I was about to wam 
the little f ellow of danger when to my intense 
amusement the now savage conservator of the 
U. P. interests himself descended with an awful 
crash upon the f rail little f ellow. Alas for my 
dreams of a David and Goliah conflct. Men's 
conception of a conflict can diff er so. The child 
surrendered without a blow being struck and 
between wails of f ear^stricken anguish conf essed 
his name, while **the greatest man of North 
PlBtte" kicked and hammered the poor little 
fellow's wagon into smithereens. 

The community is paralyzed with fear; odd 
pièces of coal can f ail from cars without fear of 
molestation ; mothers with blanched faces hâve 
hurriedly hid the toys wagons of their children 
lest the détectives of the great man should find 
in them évidence of coal stealing. The interests 
of this great corporation are concerned and 
David's intrepidity is admired by none so much 
as by himself. 

In the boiler shop things are not going as 
smoothly as they should. David has been show- 
ing them the power of a M. M. by hiring new 
men who never saw a boiler shop before, and 
paying them 20 cents more than some of the old 
tried and true men are getting. 

Another thing that the fox and our modem 
giant slayer hâve been doing is to put a helper 
on a lathe that heretofore has been run by a 
machinist. The helper doesn't want to run the 
lathe, but has been given to understand that if 
he does not do it there are men who might like 
to get the chance. I heard fox say the other day 
as he was after beating an apprentice out out of 
his rights by not letting him finish a job on his 
machine but put another man on it, '*Let them 
come to me if they don't like it." I suppose he 
meant the machinists by "them." Come to you, 
fox? Why, don't you know that you are only a 
mark, represented thus (?) ? 

There are many things I would like to speak 
of , but space forbids. 

For instance, to show how caref ully the inter- 
ests of tho great corporation are looked after, a 
small apprentice boy has to come over every 
morning and build about eighteen fires in the 
shops, and for ail this work in the cold morning 
he is awarded the great amount of one hour or 
10 cents, whero heretofore a man was paid $1.65 
a night for doing the same, but our great man 
must mako up in some way the loss he incurs in 
building engines twice. 

We are ail much pleased to leam of the good 
fortune of our former M. M., Mr. Joe H. McCon- 
nell, and hope thàt iinder his skiLled manage- 
ment the mechanical department wlU résume its 
former standard of excellence. The only thing 
we fear is that he will not be ablo to recognize 
thèse shops, for when he left they wore the 
cloanest in the country, but now I am sorry to 
say they are about the dirtiest. 

Work on tho road is very dull and 17 firemen 
were let out yesterday and 8 engineers put back 



The shops are not run on Saturday and we tarily sabmit their différences for amicable ad- 

have lots of time on our hands, in fact a little to justment. But no mothod of compelling such 

mnch for the welfare of the roost of us. submission is provided. Corporations aro the 

The very latest that dame humor has is that créatures of the law, and their management and 

down in Omaha they contemplate changing actions as well as the conduct and relations of 

David's name from David to Dennis, with a big ^^^^ employés can to a large extent be regulated 

D. The fox's phis wears a down-hearted sort of ^^ statute and the enforcement of arbitration 

expression that seems to say, "What fools we practically controUed thereby. The desirability 

mortcds are !" 

Sel AH. 

Abmstbono, Eab., Jan. 23, 1891. 
Editor Mayazine: 

of compulsory arbitration in such cases if the 
same can be snccessfully secured, is a subject 
which invites discussion and is worthy of your 
careful attention. 

There is no express statute in our state which 
prohibits or régulâtes the employmentof private 
détectives during labor strikes. On such occa- 
sions employers, whether they are corporations 
or individuals, hâve a lawful right under exist- 
ing law to employ Pinkerton détectives or any 

We hâve had a mild winter so far. The first 
enow of the season fell on the 24th ultimo about 

4 inches deep, but soon disappeared under the olher détectives, persons or organizations, even 

beat of a warm sun. Several snow storms oc- thougharmed, uniformed and organized, and no 

•cured hère since, merely covering the ground matter where their résidence may be, to assist 

and purifying the atmosphère, as the efflux of ûi the préservation, protection and keeping pos- 

effluvium and noxiousvapors from the packing session of their property, and this right is not 

houses which are in close proximity to the affected by the fact that neither the state au- 

«hops, wasinjuringthe health of the men em- thorities nor local officiais hâve any direct con- 

ployed there and the inhabitants in the imme- trol over the actions of such détectives. This is 

diate vicinity. 

L. A. 3694 K. of L. had their seventh annual 
bail on New Year's eve, which was a grand suo- 
cess in point of numbers and socially. As lovers 

the law and the desirability of its modification 
is the question suggested. 

It is alleged that expérience has demonstrated 
that the use of the services of such détectives 

laugh at locksmiths so did the lovers of the Ter- at such times becomes naturally a source of irri- 

psichorean art laugh at the heavy rain and in- tation, and irritabiUty provokes violence and 

clément weather that prevailed that disturbance which otherwise would not occur. 

night and about 150 couples indulged in It is truelthat such détectives are liable like ail 

the light fantastic to the musical strains of other persons for any infraction of the law in- 

ProfessorKendig'sbandof Armourdaleuntilthe cluding unnecessary violence which they com- 

**wee sma' hours of the moming." The music mit, but being generaUy strangers and uniform- 

was superb. Some merabers of the order made ed the difficulty of their identification and de- 

themselves very conspicuous by not appearing at tection where disturbances occur usually operate 

the bail or supper. Roses wiU bloom again. ^o defeat justice and renders their employment 

On January 16th an order was issued from the more odious to the people. It is contended by 

Company that the men's services were not many good citizens that the protection of prop- 

wanted at the shops on Saturday until further erty and thepreservation of the peace in such 

notice, to the consternation of a good many men emergencies may always more safely be intrust- 

«mployed hère. What is the matter with your ed to the constable, the policeman, the sheriff, 

McKinley bill and better times in America. or other public officiai, and if thèse instruments 

During the great strike of the New York Cen- Prove inadéquate then the reputable citizens 

tral and Hudson River railroad company last 
«umnipr, it W€W generally supposod by the 
K. ofLi. and their immédiate friends that the 
state board of arbitration and médiation did not 
do thei^ duty in not compelling the railroad 
Company to arbitrate matters between the 
Knights of Labor and the company. The stat- 

constituting the posse comitacus of the conuty, 
•and ultimately to the military if necessary 
ratherthan that resort should be had to an or- 
ganized, armed, uniformed, unofficial body of 
non-residents. Private détective organizations 
are comparatively modem institutions and it is 
urged with much force in the absence of exist- 

ute creating the board of arbitration and média- '^« laws upon the subject that it is the true pro- 

tion which provides for the amicable adjustment vince as well as the duty of the state through its 

of labor controversies contemplâtes that the législature either to prohibit the employment or 

functions of the board shall only be invoked by *« define the functions, regulate the duties, and 

the voluntary action of both of the parties to the restrict the powers of such organizations. 

dispute. Either party may décline to accept the In framing such a remédiai statute care should 

intervention of the board, and for such refusai be exercised not to unnecessarily infringe upon 

there is no remedy or penalty prescribed by law. the inhérent right of citizens and property 

The theory of the statute seems to be that the owners, but while relieving the people from the 

state simply créâtes a fair and impartial tribun- abuses now complained of the just, the just 

al which is always at hand and to which the prérogatives of ail classes should be recognized 

parties to a labor controversy are at Hberty and respected. This is the full test of Governor 

without any expansé to themselves to volun- Hill's seventh annual mQssa.%ç>\»\Xvfe\<Si^\^iùX?ûx^ 



of New York state which was delivered to that 
augrost body on Jannary 6th last, in relation to 
the powers of the state board of arbitration and 
médiation and goveming Pinkerton thugs, as 
interpreted by him with his recommendation on 
the snbject. Read and think for yourselves and 
act accordingly. 

Au Bout De Son. 

Labamxe, Wyo., Jan. 21, 1891. 

Editor Magazine: 

If time were money we wonld ail be million- 
aires. Some claim they hâve more time than 
they know what to do with and others say they 
never enjoyed life better. Some are wishing the 
days were as long as they are ne€ur the North 
Pôle, where the son is said to shine for six 
months and then darkness reigns for the same 
length of time. This would be nice when the 
merchant came around to collect a bill. Yon 
could tell him to come around day after to- 

Our last notice read five 8-honr days and no 
work on Saturday for the balance of the month. 
Many claim they are running behind with the 
présent wages, and even the board of trade has 
been behind in trying to boom the town. Busi- 
ness everywhere is ruinously quiet. 

Our legislators are ail home sigain, and I 
wonld suggest that some one ofthem, who has 
the courage, write an article for the Magazine 
telling us what the législature has done. as our 
opportunity for informing ourselves has been 
limited and life is short. 

Chas. Tilman has retumed from the hospital 
at Denver where he had been for some time with 
an injured foot. 

Another machinist whose name I cannot recall, 
has also retumed. He was off on account of the 
loss of part of his pistol-trigger finger. So our 
force is again two larger. 

E. B. Davies has resigned the position as round 
house foreman, and Wm. MacDonald, formerly 
foreman, is again holding the fort. Mac has the 
facnlty of getting rid of his oiemies by making 
them his friends. 

We are having some snow and a great many are 
praying for more. I don't object to prayers un- 
less they are too long. When Peter was endeav- 
oring to walk on the water to meet his M aster 
and was about sinking, had his supplication been 
as long as tbe introduction to some of our mod- 
em prayers, before he got half through he wonld 
hâve been fifty feet under water. 

Our assembly is having a good attendance and 
some animated discussions on varions topics. We 
hâve had a meeting with quite a number of citi- 
zens for the purpose of discussing the advisabil- 
ity of organizing an independent party. This 
will undoubtedly be done and the sentiment in 
future will unhesitatingly be against fusion with 
either of toe old parties which are f ast decaying, 

hence fusion would as surely kill the new organ- 
ization by beooming inf ected with the poisonous 
Systems of the old djring bodies. No fusion in 

Thére will no doubt be a great tuming of po- 
litical somersaults among the old -wire pullers 
who are always ready to undertake to do différ- 
ent things at the same time. But as the Italian 
organ-grinder said, "eet ees no trouble to 
tumee de cranka and keepa time, but to keepa 
time witha de cranka and watcha de monk, eet 
require an arteest." 

We hâve a new set of officers in our L. A. AU 
are well fitted for their positions. L. E. Sealey, 
M. W. ; Geo. Harris, W. F., and Thomas Fitz- 
patrick, secretary — for information to thoee who 
wish to do business with us. 

With thanks to your many contributors who 
are ably assisting in making the Magazine inter- 
esting and instructive, and hoping the same 
spirit may conrinul to move them, I remain, 

Crvis Amebicanus. 

P. S.— Since writing the above I hâve lefumed 
that the report of Mr. E. B. Davies resigning the 
position as foreman is false. He only took a 
week^s layoff . A part of this time he has been 
sick, but he is again on duty, and Mac will shoot 
theman that started the report with anewly 
invented gun if he ever gets onto him. 


[fbom the gebman.] 

On death's cold hier the mother lay 

In garments pure and white, 
Her little child comes f ull of play 

And wonders at the sight. 

Those roses in her golden hair, 

The child, with joy do fiU, 
On bosom cold, the flowers tair ^ 

Do please it, aye, more still. 

It calls in tones careesing, mikU 

"Mother, dear mother, pray 
A flower give thy darling child. 

But one, from thy hoquet!" 

But since no sound the silence breaks, 

It thinks and whispers low; 
^*Dear mother sleeps, when she awakes 

She'll givç it me, I know!" 

On tiptoe then, in quîts the hier, 

Her slumber not to break. 
And comes from time to time to know 

If mother's not awake. 


-Tranalated for the Magazine by R. C. Cobdes. 



YoL. VI. MARCH, 1891. No. 2. 

THE INDIFFERENCE OF SOCIETY, centratioii of wealth that bas been 
takîng place ii'. thia couutry the 

A person aroused to a sensé of past twenty-five years end? la it 
impeuding danger ia naturally possible for anyone to imagine? 
aatonislied at the indifférence Will t!ie oppression that haa 
shown by those aroimd him and ariaen from it increase in the 
SQlijeet to this danger. The dan- sarae ratio? We eau reason from 
ger may be only in hia faucy but canae to effect and from effect to 
to him it ie real, and what he auf- cause and no other conclusion can 
fers in miud from ansiety is real; be reached than that it will in- 
but it ia not often faucy. The crease in an iucreasing ratio, 
maas of humanity has always been Theu what is the increasing knowl- 
indifferent to their future intor- edge of the massps amouuting to 
ests. It has only been when they if it is not directed to their own 
hâve been sniïeriug enmass under and their posterity's interests, in 
catastrophe that foresight and checking it? Why should not 
earlier activity might hâve pre- theu those who realize this danger 
vented, hâve they been arouaed to be alarmed at the indifférence 
activity. Heedless of the rapide they see ail a round them which 
that are ahead of them they sail estends to the most immédiate 
along, "we langh and qnaff ail and simplest affairs? Are we esti- 
thinge delight us." matiug thia increasing knowledge 

It may be as well that ail are of the masses greater than it is? 
not giveu up to the serioua If thia indifférence iujured only 
thoughts and conditions of life, the indiffèrent it might be well to 
but the welfare of ail certainly de- let it pass unnoticed, Jetting the 
manda that ail give some portion punishmeut fall where it justly 
of their thoiights and attention to should, but it will not; it cornes 
it; the resnlt from it would be on the innocent and those yet un- 
that the average pleaenres of ail bom. 

would be increased, that there A man is supplied with work 
would not be so much of the feast each day, roceiving for his share 
and famine conditions shown. a sum that satisfies his daily 
Society — which means mankind, wants — wants that he has schooled 
nnd not the broth paraded as the himself to from past limited re- 
"four hundred" in our (>opulated tumg, aud which wanta are not 
centers — certainly has cause to be excessive. He haa had expérience 
alarmed for the /uture, for rising in periods wheiiii(i maii -«ft-cA. X» 
générations. Wliei'P will the con- the market p\s,ceftVQ ^;Tii^ti"3 Vx^a, 



and when they did. When they care what laws are enacted and 
did not his daily wants were not enforced. 

satisfied, still he appears indiffer- We see on every hand those 
ent as to why he is supplied with who are the under dogs in life's 
labor or to take any steps to guard battle, who must bear ail the bur- 
against a loss of it. He becomes dens and submit to condition that 
interested when not employed are for the benefit of only the few 
only in cursing someone for not and arranged by that few; who 
keeping up the supply of work compose such a great part of the 
and in guessing to whom his idle- whole that it astonishes ail who 
ness must be charged to, the hith- give it a moment's thougfht to rea- 
erto indifférence of himself and lize that such a condition could 
predecessors not being thought of . continue for a moment, that num- 
The enforcement of some law that bers count for nothing, that those 
is thus called to gênerai notice as whose strength produces ail, 
oppressive or unjust causes him should still be so weak, so help- 
only to curse it and wonder why less. There certainly must be a 
it is so. His indifférence at an cause for it, and it must lay with 
élection or two previous, if he the sufferers and common with ail, 
would consider it, might give ail and resting entirely in their men- 
the light necessary. From like tal faculties. If discoverable it 
causes he will repeat it again if must be by observation of social 
the continued cry of alarm from movements, removal cpming 
the few does notsucceed in stirring through the individual paying 
up his contented, plodding intel- more attention to the part he plays 
ect. in such movements, for none are so 

And why are men indiffèrent to humble but that they mustbe con- 
their own inteijests when they sidered an important factor in ail 
suffer so much from it? Why do social movements. What we see 
they not profit more from past we call indifférence, but— the cause 
expérience? Because the masses of this indifférence? What are 
hâve not as yet bred up to that we doing to discover and remove 
intellectual plane that makes it it? 

possible for them to do so. It is It is said that men of this kind 
a very small portion that takes the are better off in America than else- 
slightest interest in thèse ques- where; that they hâve the same 
tions. The ratio of organized to right to voice and the same power 
unorganized points is proof , but it to enf orce it as those who are the 
is far worse than that shows for best provided for but so indif- 
the reason that a large part of the ferent to its value that they care 
organized hâve regard for only nothing for it, it ail being sold 
local, temporary affairs. What an for a mess of potage. Humanity 
immense amount of educational values ail things in proportion to 
work has yet to be done. their cost. To the great mass 

A man that has risen no higher thèse privilèges cost nothing, and 
than to be satisfied so long as he are valued accordingly. The value 
sometimes gets enough to eat, can- will be seen only when they rea- 
not be expected to be anything lize the loss of them. The sudden 
but indiffèrent for the morrow, loss of them would therefore be 
still less for the surroundings of the best method of ending their 
his children. The man who con- indifférence, as the sudden loss of 
siders politics as being the elec- employment or réduction of wages 
tion oi def eat of some one to a always removes the indifférence to 
fat oMce cannot he expected to organizatiou, \>\)Lt t\iç> ^eatest 


losses possible corne so graduai prevent it. It is a question if 
that the> are notnotieed; indiffer- charity is to humanity the most 
enee grows with it. The great bénéficiai grâce; it relie ves effects 
stateman's words, "Eternal vigi- but increases indifférence to 
lence is the price of liberty," is causes, 
not understood. Government through state is 

It is a hard thing to admit, but intended to perf orm for man, 
the facts force it on us, that the in preserving his interests, what 
great mass of mankind enjoys would be a hardship for him to do 
more than the price they hâve 3.1one. Carried to extrêmes he 
paid entitles them to. It is well loses ail sight of the necessity of 
for them that charity is abroad self-effort, the few that thus do 
and cornes where justice should reaping ail the benefits, the results 
naturally go; charity should be- showing that too much govern- 
cause it is the sins of the parents ment is as bad as no government. 
generally they suffer under, reach- As the infant looks up to the par- 
ing génération after génération ent for sustenance and is indiffer- 
back. The indifférence is inher- ent as to how it is obtained, and 
ited, but the freedom of the nine- if kept continually thus and 
teenth century should remove it taught no self-reliance, it would 
f aster than it is. This cause for continue thus to live, even though 
charity can be made too promi- it increased in statute; so does 
nent and increase indifférence, as the infant of the state and soci- 
numerous almshouses always in- ety remain indiffèrent to the 
creases the number of applicants. source of its supplies so long as 

No workman in America to-day it is supplied. Indifférence there- 
is outside of the sound of an al- fore arises in a measure from 
arm, continually sounding, "arouse being overcared for and the non- 
yourselves in your own behalf and cultivation of self-reliance. The 
that of your posterity." None can adoption of some of the views of 
plead ignorance of what is possi- our extrême state socialists would 
ble to bef ail them. Examples are consequently not tend to elevate 
presented to them on ail sides. the race unless other factors can 
Who does not know of the priva- be brought into force to offset the 
tions and sufferings of the poor in indifférence it would breed. 
large cities. surrounded on ail r^^^^^^^nE^^^^ 

sides by plenty, and this too while xur niiTv nr riTi7rwQ 

they labor incessantly, proving THE DUTY OF CITIZENS. 

that it is not because they hâve 

not work or do not work hard The Déclaration of Independ- 
enough, but because they do not ence says: 

re<:eive a proper return for it; and a ^e hold thèse traths to be self evi- 
who is there that can say with dent, that ail men are created equal; 
truth that they are in no danger that they are endowed by their Creator 

of like conditions; wiU not the ^^ ^«î^i^ '''^^??î^î^îfJ^gî'*^U^^?if^ 

£ j.T_ i. T- i_j.i.T- among thèse are life, liberty, and the 

same forces that brought thèse un- pursuit of happiness. That, to secure 

fortunates to that condition, bring theae rights, govemments are instituted 
them? If not them is it not more among men, deriving their just powers 
likely their children in whom they ^^"^ *^® consent of the govemed." 
pride themselves now? Yet in- That Déclaration had in view "a 
différence in the face of it is seen. government of the people, by the 
If modified at ail, satisfied to con- people, for the people." The 
tribute a mite in a charitable way powers therefore oI'^xslçXi^'^^^s ^^cv^- 
to relieve;not an act or thoughtto ment aTe> m ^î^l^ ^Çics^^^^x^^ Vs 


the purpose of securing life and in it. In thoughtlessly drifting 

liberty, and the pnrsnit of happi- into that monarchial condition of 

ness. If it f ails the people hâve depending on some one else to 

not done their duty. The duty perf orm it for them — slothfulness. 

must involve on ail alike, there- If it be tnie that man is naturally 

fore, whatever is necessary for the lazy, then a monarchy would be 

maintenance of a government is the natural form of govemment. 

necessary for a citizen, who is a Modifications would corne only as 

part of that government, to aid in the masses became active. A 

perf orming, and if he avoids it he thorongh republic is possible only 

commits a crime. A govemment when the people are thoroughly 

that is not of the people we are active, and there is a truth in this. 

not considering. A government Our government is theoretically a 

that dénies to anyone it mies the thorough republic. If it is modi- 

right to a voice in it, cannot justly fied in practice the cause i& plain. 

demand service from them. Those It is the duty of the citizen there- 

without voice cannot truly be for to be active, which meanë at 

called citizens. ail times, to be posted in ail things 

Govemments are a necessity pertaining to the govemment, to 

that the weak may be secured be interested in every public act, 

against the strong, that the com- and to see that the public servants 

mon wealth may be properly cared do the public will at ail times or 

for, and that the means may, be punished for not doing it. 
through it, be provided for the It is plainly demonstratible 

performances of those services that with the présent average de- 

that are for the common good. grée of éducation a thorough re- 

The causes that led to the Declar- public is not possible, and that it 

ation of Independence as stated is the duty of each to help raise 

in that document are sufficient to this average that the possible may 

establish the necessity of separate be greater. Our common schools 

governments, and for the main- are preparing the foundation and 

tenance of them by those who es- their effectiveness should be in- 

tablish and hold them. Being a creased, but this foundation work 

hum an necessity under présent may be déstroyed if the youth 

enlightenment, the duty to main- sees but utter carelessness on the 

tain them is imperative on the part of the parent and others in 

citizen. If it does not perf orm the performance of the citizen' s 

what is intended it is the duty of duty. 

the citizen to correct it. If each Politics is the science of govem- 

thoroughly understands the resuit ment. Political parties, theoret- 

that should corne from the gov- ically, hâve a good intent in view — 

ernment he will certainly be the welfare of country, and the 

watchful that it varies not the better performance of govemment 

slightest from the line intended. — because of the laziness of the 

Our government — the United citizens they practically do the re- 
stâtes of America — has not se- verse. The citizen becomes the 
cured to ail citizens life, liberty, party slave. It has been because 
and the pursuit of happiness, and there hâve been some that are in- 
the failure is entirely chargeable dépendent that results hâve not 
to the citizens. This implies that been worse than they hâve been. 
they hâve not fuUy performed Therefore, if none had been slaves 
their duty. In what way hâve of party the results would hâve 
they failed? In not properly been good. It is therefore the 
taking Personal interest and part duty oi tlie citizen to at ail times 



be a party unto liimself, and real- aid évolution toward a higher and 

ize that it is the success of govem- more idéal state of society. 

ment, not of party, that is to be In promoting improvements in 

sought. He can know this only this line, it is necessary to estab- 

by a close study of passing events. lish, to make success possible, 

It is consequently his duty to some degree of confidence between 

study. When it is seen that there employer and workman. If this 

is no distinguishable différence confidence does not exist, relations 

between two parties except that cannot be said to be good, no mat- 

one is in power and the other is ter how much it may appear so on 

not, and the results are bad, it the surface; they are liable to dis- 

demonstrates beyond a question turbance at any moment. There 

of doubt, that the good citizens must be some work done of a mu- 

should unité and correct the evils tuai nature ; both sides must hâve 

by forming a new party; otherwise a high regard for their honor and 

the destruction of représentative integrity; no slight appearance of . 

government is sure. a breach of this on the part of one 

It is the duty of the citizen to should be made a pretext for im- 

do ail in his power to make gov- médiate hostilities, at least not till 

ernment what he would hâve it to the question raised has had thor- 

be; and to défend it with his life, ough considération. It must be 

should its destruction be threat- made an object to both sides; it 

ened or its honor infringed; and cannot be ail onesided. It should 

to be ever watchful that none of be regarded as an axium that it is 

thèse conditions are ended in ap- right and proper that an opportu- 

pearing through any f ailure of nity should always be had to meet 

duty on his part. The proper and discuss différences and misun- 

performance of government is not derstandings. Both sides should 

only of importance for présent maintain that and strengthen it by 

purposes, but for millions yet un- acts of a mutual nature. The judg- 

born who will bless or curse our ment reached by either, after such 

efforts. a meeting, is always saf er to f oUow 

The good citizen cannot cast a then that reached on the spur of 

vote without that vote is basçd on the moment. 

a principle. Any other vote The day is passed when it is 

comes f rom a bad citizen. It necessary to discuss whether work- 

would be better for the good of men hâve rights that the employer 

ail if such had no vote. is bound to respect, or the right to 

^^^^^^^^^^^ question the act of the employer 

in relation to the conditions sur- 

IMPROVING THE RELATIONS OF EM- rounding their employment. If 

PLOYER AND EMPLOYE. there is a question in this respect, 
it is whether any man or combina- 
it is impossible to picture a con- tion of men hâve a just right to set 
dition surrounding the employés themselves up as the employers 
of a large corporation, such as a (masters) of other men. 
railroad System, that would be an The question is, in its immedi- 
ideal to ail, but it is possible to ate considération, confined now to 
conceive a condition surrounding how best can employer and em- 
the servants of a corporation that ployé arrange those questions 
is far préférable to what is com- which are of a mutual interest, so 
monly seen and which would be they can be taken up jointly witK- 
the best possible under our présent out undwl^ ô.\^V\r^\x^^ c^^Ocv^^ ^'^^- 
social Bystem, and which would tioBS ot ^;i^o^e oi ^ ^^^'s^cyw^S.^»^^^- 


est to the parties. It is a simple questions as compared to thèse 
matter when the field is covered others, and to a great extent gov- 
by a single employer and a few ern themselves ii the others are 
workmen ail engaged in a particu- properly regniated. There is no 
lar line of occupation and ail situ- way of avoiding the f act that under 
ated in one place and meeting each our présent industrial System the 
other daily, like a building con- man with skill will receive more 
tractor and employés, or a small than the unskilled, but it makes 
manufacturing concern; but it be- ail things work more in harmony 
cornes a question of a différent na- if a minimum rate is agreed upon 
ture when a railroad corporation that skill must correspond with. 
and employés are considered, with It is more satisf actory to those 
lines extending through many with skill and is encouraging to 
states ; men in every occupation those seeking and ambitions to ac- 
scattered over thousands of miles quire skill, that the retum for 
of road, a few of each class at each their labor may be increased, and 
place, the outside influences vary- no man should be so situated in 
ing f rom place to place. lif e that he is not in line of pro- 

No plan can be considered with motion when his own eflPort makes 
f avor that has not for its basis the him worthy of it, or that his ambi- 
uniting of thèse men through or- tion to improve his surroundings, 
ganization and the concentration could not be reasonably satisfied, 
into the hands of a gênerai head and any degree is within reason if 
the questions that arise in daily it is not at the expense of others. 
life that are of a gênerai nature Every man has the right to learn. 
and f rom their character attract a and reap the benefit of increased 
gênerai interest, so that thus em- knowledge, if he in no way in- 
ployer can meet employé practi- fringes on the equal right of an- 
cally as one man and thus discuss other. Nor is he ever too old to 
one question and settle for ail learn. Nor should he be obliged to 
what might otherwise be made a acquire knowledge at any particu- 
multitude and create anything but lar source; the fact of his having^ 
a settled state of affairs from the it should give him the benefit of 
employer's standpoint, and nothing the use of it. 

staple for the employé. The gen- The confidence necessary bé- 
erai treatmentof men cannot in jus- tween employer and employé for 
tice vary according to line of occu- the best relations can never be es- 
pation. What are rights of one are tablished as long as one is seen to 
rights of another. What would take advantage of the other or al- 
be called an unjust discharge of low the représentative or constitu- 
one man would be of another. ent parts to. Many a penitentiary 
What would be unjust discrimina- rule governing the conditions sur- 
tion against one man or set of men rounding the employment of men 
would another. Ail such ques- can be traced to the disposition of 
tions can be regulated by a gen- a few workmen to take advantage 
eralunderstandingcoveringproper of a more libéral rule, making an 
rules and providing for the quite excuse to place ail under the same 
adjustment of any différences aris- restrictions, and the disposition of 
ing under them, which are rare employés to take advantage of em- 
when the intention is, by ail, to be ployer can often be traced to the 
fair and to keep in view the recip- désire to get even for advantage» 
rocal feelings that brought about he has taken. In both cases the 
such an understanding. worst possible way is chosen to es- 

Questions of wages are simple tablish confidence; it only leada 


f rom bad to worse. If in the first been gained by the reasoning 
instance the honest workman had method. The '"buUy" gains only 
taken steps to hâve guarded the by a demand on the timid, but 
employer's interest by making the the timid are not the only ones 
aet of the fellow-workman more to deal with. What the "buUy" 
hazardous, they would hâve acted gains does not as a mie, last long, 
in their own immédiate interest and when his character is dis- 
and aided the establishment of covered his chances are lessened. 
confidence which would hâve help- Improved relations between em- 
ed them in questions of future in- ployer and employé can be best 
terest. The same can be said of and most permanently established 
the other side of the question. If by reciprocal methods, creating 
one take the step, he can with confidence between each other, 
better reason ask the other to, and, and with organization as the me- 
as matters now stand, it is em- dium. A railroad corporation^ as 
ployes that are seeking improve- an employer, is an organization 
ments, their présent condition consolidating many interests; the 
having evolved out or the condi- employés must work from a sim- 
tionsof chattelslavery. Employers ilar standpoint. 
still hâve a lash over men in the ^^^^^^^^^ 

reached that point where through PACIFIC, 

union of forces and resources they 

could do away with the employer The Nebraska législature has 
by making themselves their own passed a resolution demanding 
employers. that the national government 

Where the communications be- press its claim on the Union Pa- 
tween employé and employer cov- cific company to the foreclosure of 
«ring questions of their relations the mortgage it holds and the 
take the form of demands implying closing up of the company's busi- 
the backing of force, it cannot be ness. This is received with ap- 
said that confidence exists between plause by anti-monopolists and 
them, that their relations are as reform advocates genérally, evi- 
good as they might be, or that dently because they believe that 
even the appearance of harmoAy it will be the taking of a long step 
is to remain long. A demand does towards what they are working 
not imply mutual considération of for, a conclusion that we believe 
the question ; the right of it is has been jumped to without any 
settled as to one side ; if complied reflection and to a great extent ac- 
with, does not leave things settled. tuated by a desired to hâve revenge 
It tends to close the road to fu- on corporations in gênerai without 
ture questions that might not be regard for the question of whether 
désirable or possible to formulate any good will be accomplished by 
into a demand, and the demand it. 

of an unjust thing does not make Some undoubtedly havB in view 
it right, even if granted, and a the pleasing idea that for the gov- 
just thing is just as just if it emment to foreclose means for 
comes through some other form the government^to take and oper- 
than a demand, and certainly in- ate it as a government road, and 
dicates a more hopeful condition thus make a beginning and open 
in other respects. It cannot be the way to the governimevîAi ^sxs»^ 
flhown that which has been gained opeTatmg «1\ x^-Axo^^^. 
by demand exceeda that which has li t^i^T^ \a aiï^ ^xo\«:iÔL^ o^^^^^^a^ 


to base this belief we are ignorant face; besides, the extensive lines 

of it. It will, we belle ve, require of roads shown on tlie maps as the 

a spécial law to impower the gov- "Union Pacific System" is net 

ernment to do anything of the what the govemment would pos- 

kind, and this would be equally sess if foreclosure placed a rail- 

true for the govemment to buy road on its list of property. The 

and operate any railroad, regard- feeders, eqnipments and terminal 

less of whether they had any facilities that would pass into it& 

claim on it, and, therefore the hands would be decidedly limited. 
question is, will congress do any- The govemment relations wîth 

thing in that Une with the senti- the Pacific road is not the most 

ment of people as it now is? It favorable for the govemment to 

seems to us that it is anything but utilize to begin the opération of 

favorable to it, judging from the railroads. Those who are urging 

disposition shown by congress that step can well afford to keep 

towards many simpler questions up the agitation until éducation 

that hâve been more widely agi- extends to that degree that the 

tated. will of the people for it finds 

If congress would not do this expression in the congress, and let 

what then would be the most the présent question of dealing 

probable resuit expected? The with the Pacific roads work its 

govemment would stand as any way to a solution without undue 

private creditor in pressing its pressure; the good results hoped 

claim. A receiver would be ap- for will come just as quick if not 

pointed by the U. S. courts, and it quicker. 
cannot be generally believed that -_^^_^^ 

in doing this the court would be 

biased towards the people. Théo- The article in our last issue en- 

retically it would be seeking to titled "Take No Step Backwards," 

get plain justice between a debtor written in support of the efforts 

and a creditor, and finally would made by Union Pacific employés 

hâve to order the road sold at in their own behalf through organ- 

auction to the highest bidder, and ization, during the past six years, 

the govemment, unable to bid on has raised the passions of some 

it, govemment ownership would because it was directed against 

be apparently just as far off as at their views, and they question our 

présent. The govemment claim right to publish anything of that 

would be only partly satisfied and nature. If such a policy was 

and the rest lost f orever, for it persued by us the Magazine would 

would not sell for the amount of hâve no value. Not a step for 

its claim under forced sale. A progress can be advocated without 

competing line might be the pur- running counter to some one's 

chaser and thus strengthen its own ideas. The writer of the article 

position, or the présent stock- in question supports the union of 

holders bid it in, reorganize and the masses as against the classes, 

go on as before with a heavy because the former is as broad as 

burden lifted from them. Adverse humanity, the latter narrow and 

législation can be urged by mono- selfish. He cites the results that 

polists with effects in their favor, hâve .been accomplished on the 

and anti-monopolist& may be un- Union Pacific as an example of the 

wittingly assisting those they results from the broader method, 

woald oppose. Simple désire for and cautions m en against a divis- 

revenge might prove anotlier case ion among themselves on class 

of cutting the nose off to spite the basis by caWmg attentioii to re- 


sults from similar acts in the past. FACTS (?) WORTH REM EM BERING. 

In doing this he does not suit 

those who would hâve men rally Look where we will, and we see the 
to tlie support of class pride, pro- people suflfering from the eflfect of a 
tection of skill andnumerous caste surplus of success. 
ideas that hâve hoodwinked laboi- Through labor saving inventions our 
and kept the masses enslaved for nation has been so prospérons that 
âges ; as if the rights of one man millions cannot find employment. 
were greater than the rights of Victory has been so great that the 
another, no matter what their masses hâve been defeated; we hâve 
station in lif e : that the rights had so much happiness heaped upon us 
assumed by one man can be justly that a great portion of our population 
sustained by suppressing the are in distress and misery. 
rights of another ; that there Eastem farmers hâve raised so much 
should be a monopoly in skill or wheat, western ranchmen hâve raised 
in knowledge, for skill is but so much beef, that thousands cannot 
knowledge ; that knowledge should aflford to buy bread and méat; with 
be limited, for that is what ap- labor saving machineries we hâve 
prenticeship restriction means manufactured such an abundance of 
when carried to its logical conclu- clothings and shoes that millions are 
sion; that the just rights of one ragged and shoeless, courtless others 
man cannot be jointly considered are half frozen with the winter winds, 
with the equal rights of another because nature has provided an abun- 
simply because their occupations dance of coal and wood. 
are différent. There is an over production in ail 

The Knights of Labor are for the necessaries and comforts of life, 
the advancement of humanity by therefore the greater portion hâve not 
assisting every branch to a higher what they actually need. 
moral and industrial standard, to The price of labor is:>o high they 
take the hand of every toiler and cannot afford to buy the products of 
unitedly gain justice and right. In labor. 

that degree its principles oppose Houses can be built so cheap, every- 

those who would classif y men and body lives in a house of his own. land 

weaken them. is so plenty, many of the nation' s 

....»ii-.^^^__ citizens and numerous others who are 

ccTT A^ X il 1 1 uot citizens own thousands of acres, 

Hâte sets the soûl on edge as the rest don't want land. 

vmegar does the teeth. Everything is regulated by the law 

of supply and demand, the demand of 

"It is only necessary to rally the half clothed and half fedjis regulat- 

your friends for a struggle; the ^^ ^^ *^® «^PP^^ ^^ ^^^^«' ^^® °^®^- 

enemy can be depended on to be chant finds no sale, for everyjbody who 

there " ^® ^^^® ^^ work has the abilityJ[to pur- 

chase, because this ability originates 

ccTTT-L. 1. 'n «i^T- 1 • • from the brain and L muscles of the 

W no trines with nis conscience ^ -i i u u • 4.1, 1 ^ i? 

j i^T_ • J.1 i •xT_ 1 toiler, labor bemg the only creator of 

does a tnmg tiiat neither enlarees ,., ^^ ^ u ^ 4. 

1 . 1 ^ j • 1 • wealth, ail labor can accumulate 

his manhood nor increases his ,., 

Il» i ,, wealtn. 

seltrespect. ^ , ,, 

^ Every now and then we see new 

countries with unbroken forest trans- 

"The man who stakes his for- formed into wonderful cities, this is 

tune on his friends, as friends go the rich ripe fruit of money; holding 

nowadays, might as well build a money is the clvla^ ^tA ç»1 \sîiasi.^ -oc^ss^^^ 

house on the sands." feedsaYvde\o>i\v'e»\Xi«ek^Q»^\^. 


When labor is well paid, everything enhance the value of paper at least 
is cheap, when poorly paid everything 96 per cent. At one time in the history 
is dear, business is active and booming. of our country it enhanced the value 

The prosperity, the social status of a of greenbacks from 38 to 60 per cent, 
ration can be accurately measured by for the benefit of soldiérs and Ameri- 
the amount of necessities and comforts can labor, but the ungratefùl anarchist 
of life a day laborer can purchase with does not appreciate the amount of 
his labor when employed. money the Wall street and other 

The most servile labor produces the bankers lost by this scheme. 
greatest amount, the South Sea Is- AU writers on political economy 
landers imported by the man from San and especially on the science of money 
Francisco who bought an island in the use the plainest of language. They 
Pacific océan are the greatest pro- are not like the M. D.'s and D. D.'s^ 
ducers. who talk Latin to women, use Greek 

J. H. Morse who bought the island characters, Arab words, and Latin 
for $5,000 and now owns the island but abréviations; so ail can understand 
not the people, is the happiest man in them, and therefore hâve a better 
the world, gold is the best money in opinion of them. 

the world because it costs less than Money is of récent origin. In the^ 
paper, its intrinsic value, the decree of year A. D. 14 they used shells as a 
a légal tender act, makes it a measure médium of exchange, 
of values; those who don't belle ve this Labor is wealth, therefore ail labor- 
should prove it by taking a five dollar ers are rich. Time is money. Milliona 
gold peice, place it under a steam ham- of unemployed hâve time, hence money 
mer, strike it a heavy blow, and con- to pay interest on the nation' s debt. 
vince the people that any merchant Money capital has no time when in- 
would give a$5 govemment coinfor it. vested in govemment bonds. It is 

Diamonds would be better, because never idle and always busy drawing 
they could be divided in smaller pièces interest. To pay interest is not a part 
and still be the same measure. of its function. 

Gold is better than paper, because it If the volume of money was J50 per 
costs the govemment more to make a capita instead of f 6. It would be a 
paper dollar. Gold costs nominally sad state of affairs for the massess. If 
nothing, if I lose a gold dollar, I lose, ail carpenters had just exactly the 
and the govemment makes a dollar, same kind of a jack plane, they would 
because gold cost nothing to make it; ail want to borrow each other's planes, 
but if I lose a paper dollar there are It is just the same with money. If 
two dollars lost, one to me and one to everybody had plenty of the same 
the govemment that spent more than kind, they would still want to borrow 
100 cents in making a paper TioUar. at a high rate of interest. 

InWyomingit is estimated that it The volume of money is keeping 
has cost about one dollar for every pace with advancing population, and 
twenty dollars' worth of gold mined. if the same pace is continued money 
There are other mines that are not so will be as profitless as idle labor. 
rich. Consequently the cost of dig- Stockholders of railroads through 
ging gold is less. Those who do not the decreased volume of money reap a 
believe this hâve not studied the sci- harvest, on account of the shrinkage 
ence of money. Gold is so abundant of the value of their property, the vol- 
that it constitutes not over five per ume of traflûc and rates of transporta- 
cent. of the circulating médium. This tion. This forces them to increase 
is the reason it is used as a basis to pro- their operating expenses to the highest 
tect paper dollars. Paper money could points, and compels them to send the 
be redeemed with gold, and if neces- différent brotherhood and other intelli- 
sary to reâeem it in this way, it would gent employés' delegates to the Kansas. 


capital to stop "hayseed législation," man; the more hours we labor the 
for if the Alliance legislators are suc- nearer we are the end. 
cessfdl in enacting laws to regn^late To compel man to work over hun- 
the rates of transportation, the dreds of tons of rock to get an ounce of 
wages of employés must be reduced, gold, increases the labor, consequently 
jvst as sure as commercial fireedom their wealth. If after performing this 
would reduce the weges of American labor they haven't money enough to 
labor, and just as sure as the Me- buy bread, let them buy cake. If they 
Kinley tariflf bill increased the wages haven't money with which to pay rent, 
iind employed ail the idle. they might own a house of their own. 

Labor co-operates with the forces of Archimedes might hâve repeated,'* with 
nature, and not class législation is the a lever and fulcrum I will move the 
source of poverty. A day's labor lost world," but his industrial foUy, and 
is so much capital gained. If the labor short sightedness was exhibited in his 
of the unemployed were estimated at not making the lever, 
f 1 a day it would in a few years The différent organizations of labor 
amount to sufficient to pay the nation- who keep aloof from each other, hâve 
al debt. The more unemployed the each got the lever that Archimedes 
sooner the debt could be paid, and the failed to make. When the blacksmiths 
easier for the employed. and blacksmiths' helpers hâve comple- 

The laborer, pauper and tramp are ted their respective unions, and get a 
not interested in the currency ques- lever, something has got to come or 
tion. It matters not to them whether break. 

money is plenty or scarce; only the The world is already on a pivot 
merchant, manufacturer, railroad op- ready to be moved in any direction. I 
erator, and land owner are interested. imagine I see the levers applied with 

In a horse race the load which each everybody on the outer end puUing in 
horse carriesis weighed, andalladvan- an opposite direction. In such union 
tages equalized. In the race for life there is strength. 

monopolists equalize the advantages The resuit like the above facts (?) are 
with combines, thereby becoming free open for debate. 
€ompetitors. Is it not time that reason trained in 

Nature has without the invention of the school of expérience should assert 
labor fumished us the air we breathe, itself ? 

the same as the land we cultivate. The If ail men are born with an equal 
air is just as usefùl as land, but not right to life, liberty and the pursuit 
worth as much, because we don'b happiness, why not make the state of 
pay for it; it would be better for ail society conform itself to this declara- 
mankind if we could live only by tion? 

breathing one of the gases of which it H- Breitenstein. 

is composed. We would not hâve to ■ 

pay for hydrogen gas because that is shquld THERE BE NATIONAL LINES? 
everywhere at our disposai. But it 

would require a great amount of labor, ^^^ argument in favor of national Unes, deliv- 
material, and apparatus to disengage ered before an opea meeting of the L. A. 3218, 

it, therefore another demand for labor; K. of L., Denver, Colorado.] 

those who were unable to buy enough "What constitutes a countrv" the 

for décent breathing purposes would question we hâve before us to-night, 

not be fit to live. was started a month ago, and drifted 

If it were possible to screen tho sun at that time from the Unes many sup- 

more labor would be required to fur- posed it would take, and the drifb it 

nish light— labor is wealth — more has taken is a naturai one because the 

wealth would be added to the world. side issues brought iw Xi^^iorHv^ -ssa^fâ^as^ 

Labor is the second cheerful end of ry oî velit\^Su\ivoT^^2t^•aX.^^a^x£^^ 


may be reached in a plainer way. By vance they wish or retain what they 
knowing why a thing existe gives us a may wish to hold, and in so doinghave 
better idea of what constitutes it, for a right to exclude ail who they may 
its composition will be in keeping with judge will retardy the progress they 
its cause. The question now would be hâve united to promote, that in doing 
more in keeping with the Une of argu- this they do not infWnge on the equal 
ment that has been foUowed if it were right of ail beings to a place to rest on 
stated should there be national Unes? the earth. To say "The world is nay 

At the last discussion, I advancèd the country" sounds lofty and noble, but 
statement "that self-preseryation was it is too sentimental and impracticable 
the first law of nature" and that be- to be in force at présent, 
cause of its effect on human minds, That it is the resuit from a man's use 
States had been organized that self of a natural thing that must décide his 
préservation might be made easer, and title to retain it and usé it as he does. 
the best and most perfect govemment That it is natures command or divine 
will make self préservation the easiest command, as y ou may prefçr, to im- 
possible, or "that an injury to one is prove the world, replacingoldmethods 
the concem of ail," that in "union and structures with new as the new 
there is strength," that strength of proves superior to the old, that state 
body and mind are necessary factors Unes are necessary as means to that 
in self préservation and that the ad- end, or that society cannot exist with- 
vance of civilization was simply mak- out the coopérative strength formed 
ing the strength of mind the leading by the organization of the state, fÎTom 
factor and to ultimately suppress and this, there necessarily arises what, 
surplant the brute strength of man in from its importance, may be called the 
our efforts at self-preservation. second law of nature, "The preserva- 

The argument that I advancèd that tion of society," some may consider 
"self-preservation was the first law of this as first; for this countries are form- 
nature," was attacked. Ifit is not a ed and it gives us the answer to our 
natural law, then a state has no natural question for discussion — what cons- 
right to exist, consequently the main titutes a state?— a collection of people 
issue rests on that point, or whether for the préservation of society, being 
state Unes are necessary, I shall hold the better method of self-preservation, 
that they are and in order that I may the préservation of the race being so 
be rightly understood; shall base what closely allied with it they are indis- 
I hâve to say in supporting the foUow- tinguishable. 
ing propositions. Kace Unes hâve no weight in the 

That a state or country is a coUec- formation of a country when those 
tion of people believing in certain forms races entering hâve one gênerai char- 
of social relations, and who croate such acteristic of advance; if otherwise then 
laws, or allow some one of their num- their advent is a matter of concem to 
ber to do it for them, that they may those that would advance as does the 
believe, will best promote their imme- advent of weeds in the grain we hâve 
diate relations and for the welfare of sown. 

their posterity, that ajl just laws hâve I imagine that anyone that may op- 
in view the préservation of society and pose the propositions I hâve advancèd 
man, that they ail spring from motives will cling to the question of the truth 
of self-preservation. of the natural law advancèd, conse- 

That state Unes are necessaiy so long quently if proven that self-preservation 
as people exist in différent degrees of is not a natural law it is no law at ail 
civilization, the necessity of the Unes and not being such a state should not 
existing demanding that the citizens exist, its object is gone and nothing 
of such state or country préserve them should exist that has no use, therefore 
^Iia^ tbey may better carry on the ad- to prove the right of a state to exist, 


the law of self préservation must be We are becoming eivilized, it will 

proven and anyone who may oppose yet take générations to reach even our 

the law of self-preservation must, to be présent idéal. We are gaining by 

consistent, also oppose the existence of leaming natural laws, we know what 

any state, even though there be but we hâve. It is to préserve this and 

one state including the whole world, add more that we are working for. We 

and necessarily in opposing the exist- must not destroy what we hâve till we 

ence of the state the existence of gov- can replace it with better. 
ernment for one cannot exist without If self-preservation is a natural law 

the other. it will be found shown the plainest 

Sentiment can play but a small part where ail the conditions are the most 
in this discussion, our existence is a natural. Man is but a developed 
practical effort. The sentiment that animal, with the characteristics of the 
we are to enjoy eternal bliss after this animal; the degrees we see of develop- 
life, if it had predominated in human ment rates the diflference between bar- 
minds would hâve depopulated the baric and eivilized. It takes but a few 
world long before this. Natural laws days for man to drop back to the bar- 
are unchangeable, nothing can stay baric, while it has taken âges to 
their exécution. They will rule in develop out of it. 

spite of anything attempted to the What animal is there that nature 

contrary and punish us for every vio- has not provided with the means of 

lation. Prayers and supplications will self-defense? What animal does not 

hâve no eflfect except to relie ve the use it at the first intimation of danger? 

mind somewhat of its suflfering. The Mankind is provided better than ail 

secret of improving our condition is to other species, through brain power. 

leam those laws and rigidly observe Our domestic animais show it in a less 

them. The best possible existence will degree than those in the wild state, 

then resuit. AU our sufferings arise the fact of their being domesticated 

from a violation of them now. has caused that, they hâve learned to 

Some one may raise the question rely on man's protection and do not so 

whether any race can lay claim to civ- readily fear danger. The domesticated 

ilization, but that comes outside the catis but the oflfspring of the wild one; 

question at issue. We are becoming the wild one fiées or attacks on the 

eivilized by leaming natural laws and slightest intimation of danger. The 

observing them; some things may hâve domesticated cat we can approach with 

been dropped in our savage state that the fiercest intention of destroying it; 

we may hâve yet to take up; if so it its teaching teaches it not to realize it, 

was caused by not understanding the but as soon as it does nature asserts it- 

alliance of différent laws; their inter- self in self-preservation. 
position, we can judge now by cosider- Man acts the same under similar 

ing things as a whole. We would not circumstance; will he pass cautiously 

wish to exchange places with the civil- along the street as he does when pass- 

ization carried on under the Russian ing through a jungle where he under- 

plan of government, still they hâve stands that danger lurks In every 

some laws that if added to what we step^ 

hâve would greatly improve our con- A speaker at the last debate ad- 
dition — namely, regarding the owner- vanced the fact that a mother will sac- 
ship of land. But it does not lay to rifice herself for the child and did so 
them the claim of superior civilization. as a disproof of self-preservation. It 
Examples of the same nature may be is the best proof of self-preservation 
sighted in the Chinese and other sav- which means also the préservation of 
âge or half eivilized races. It cuts no the race. Look again to the wild ani- 
figure in reaching out ourselves and mais for proof. Wbet^ S»» ^x<èai^fôt \<et- 
laying claim to a higher average. ocity a\i0^ii \i\iBJïi\». >iXi^ ^^teû»fô <2?^ *<^^ 


offspring? and always in the animal made possible only through the degra- 

that would fight thehardestforitsown dation of the masses. The oppressed 

préservation should it realize that only working man of to-day is but the re- 

its own life was in danger, in preserv- suit of false breeding, of being taught 

ing the offspring it is preserving self, he was an inferior, incapable of self- 

This law may rule so strong in some sustananee, but who must look to 

minds or instincts (as some say an ani- some one to protect him and provide 

mal cannot think though I do not be- for him what is necessary for him to 

lieve that way), that it will reach to work on to sustain life, who takes the 

self-sacrifice for the préservation of lion's share for having performed that 

another's offspring. But invariably service for him, and to counteract the 

under natural conditions it will be fact that he is not thus cared for pro- 

confined to the same species. perly taught to seek for that protection 

I imagine someone jumping to* the in the supernatural that they might 

conclusion of a speaker at the last more readily over-look thèse failures 

meeting who advanced the fact that he of the past and still be held enslaved 

had known of a dog risking its own life and no better proof of this is needed, 

to save a child, an occurence that is than in the fact that those who hâve 

common with the highly-bred, dômes- lead in human émancipation hâve been 

ticated dog. He would invariably find those that did not believe in the super- 

the reverse with a dog of the same natural, and it has been in the destruc- 

family in the native state; no wild dog tion of the beleif in the supernatural 

was ever known to save or risk itself that every step in émancipation has 

for the life of a child, though the oppo- been gained. Qod helps thosé that help 

site is known and would be commonly themselves. 

expected. With the domesticated dog Men hâve been taught to sacrifice 

it is but the resuit of training and pro- themselves for their King, not that it 

tection given by the master, that has was natural or that he had more claim 

removed the fear of danger to self, than others on them, but that the King 

There is nothing to show that it real- and his surroundings might enjoy life; 

ized its own danger while there is in the same line we hâve been taught 

plenty to show that it did not. Let the to sacrifice ourselves for the property 

same dog realize that its oôspring is rights in land of another, placing his 

in danger and see how quick it will claim above that of the right of our 

risk its own life, knowing the risk, to own existance, but for that one com- 

save it. mon récognition no monopolist, could 

Take man in his most* natural state — exist and it is ail founded on ideas 
a savage— and the conditions I hâve diametrictly opposed to the law of self- 
shown in the dog or other animal are préservation, it is because we hâve not 
plainly developed. The plan the buf- folio wed that law that a monopolist, 
falos persue in the protection of the King or tyrant now exists or that a 
herd is on a level with that of the most man suflfersin a land of plenty or where 
undeveloped man. Préservation of nature bountifully oflfers the means ne- 
self— préservation of offspring, inter- cessary for him to apply labor to gain 
linked, they are inséparable. ' his sustenance. 

Some one may raise the statement That venerated book, that has some 

to-night as it was a month ago that good things to say has also some bad 

the idea of self- préservation is raised ones and one is: * 'Servants obey your 

by the monopolist of the world to masters," this im plies his préservation 

^'hoodwink the masses and enslave as against the servants. It is pleasing 

labor." Such a statement I hold as to know that this was never intended 

false and misleading and inconsistent as the teaching of christianity but it 

with what monopolists would do and has been bred in the race with many 

hâva âone. The monopolist has been other bad features and which we are 


organized now to root ont even though because we are suffering under the 
it is necessary to destroy the whole penalty of the violation of natural 
structure in replaeing a new. Feeling laws. 

that the very existance of ourselves I imagine that some one may wish to 
and children is in danger is why we raise the fact that the instinct in the 
hâve organized, it is the motive power Indians did not cause them to destroy 
behind us, the law of self-preservation the first settler in this continent, as a 
acting in us, that has been smothered réfutation of my arguments in behalf 
so long by false teachings. It has of self-preservation, that if it was in- 
cropped out of our natures and has herent in ail life they would hâve exer- 
made the Elnights of Laoor. cised it. Self-preservation had no oc- 

The idea advanced at the last debate casion to act in this extrême in their 
that selfishness as we generally accept case, they had no realization of their 
it and object to it, is synonimous with danger, it was something différent than 
self-preservation, is as false and mis- they had ever experienced, and when 
leading as to déclare that to kill a mos- they did realize it, if they ever did, it 
queto that was biting our hand, was was too late. There is no better argu- 
murder, there is a vast différence, ex- ment to show the superiority of the 
tremes are possible in most things. In races. Brain was hère pitted against 
fact good things carried to extrêmes numbers. 

are bad things, the old saying that we Some one is sure to raise the point 
cannot get too much of a good thing is hère that this must be as false as the 
a feilse saying, too much of a good saying **the fittest survive" or Ihat I 
thing is always bad. am upholding the law of the survival 

Eating is good for the body, glutteny of the fittèst. This as commonly ac- 
is a crime, the laws of nature we follow cepted I will not do, the contest has 
in our daily life if carried to extrêmes rarely been fair, we are hampered too 
would do the opposite to what is in- much by other false ideas that gives us 
tended, instead of aiding life would but little to show that it is really the 
destroy it. It is common with man to fittest that survives. If we were living 
condemn a thing because when at an under natural laws in our relations 
extrême it fails to do what is just or each having the equal benefit of them 
wanted. It îs what makes the anarchist* then I would willingly undertake to 
govemment not having as yet been show that the fittest survive, as I would 
held and caused to do what it was in. that under similar circumstances, there 
tended for,he would destroy ail formsof is a natural aristocracy shown among 
it and hâve none, equally as foolish as man and that under natural laws alone 
to say that because there is selfishness the same would show and be recognized, 
in the world we would do away with to go into it as things stand now would 
the possibility of recognizing self-pre- be too long and complicated an under- 
servation, that because a supper did taking, but the disposition is seen every 
not agrée with us, we would forever time when one of us does a good act or 
afberwards not hâve suppers. It is shows superior strength, does an un- 
what makes the prohibitionist, crime usual or good thing, we ail respect him 
has been caused by drink consequently or her in that increased degree, it is 
it should be abolished, that because an plainly shown among children, stifled 
extrême was bad no degree should as they are by inherited wrong and 
exist, if it was possible for such to be false ideas, the boy that can throw the 
accomplished man would soon hâve fartherest, run the fastest has the place 
nothing left and he would pass away of honor by common consent on the 
from the earth. Selfishness like ail play ground. 

other extrêmes is bad enough, it is I raised the proposition that the use 
caused, however, in a great measure by a thing was put to by men as a poa- 
Êilse breeding in other things and sessor baaed \i\a WWfe \.o Sî^^ '<Sîàs» ^ \ss^^ 


is true and is in support if our act in can prove the médium wrong. Ex- 

taking from the Indian what he had tremes in what is not natural will prove 

oecupied and used badly for âges, the their false basis, as our présent System 

race demanded it for a better use and of land holding is proved wrong by 

that more could enjoy it, and took it showing it in an extrême case, as it is 

and hâve the right to do so, the Indian possible for one man or family, 

had the right, to hâve cleared ofif the under the présent System, to own the 

buffalo, that the land might be put to whole face of the globe and for trespass 

more complète use in supporting what order ail humanity but themselves oflf 

would be better for man. They did the earth, this ^s contrary to what we 

not and they forfeited their title to it. know is a natural right to ail to live 

If that proposition cannot hold then we hère and therefore is proof of the fal- 

as men hâve nothing to stand on to sity of our présent land System, 
show that we hâve the right, to eut the » 


forest that it might give room to culti- 
vate what would give lifegreaterscope 
for what placed the inferior race on a 

land placed the trees and if we hâve [continued from februaby issue.] 

no right, from a moral standpoint, to The American workman does not 

remove one we hâve no right to re- need protection, paternalism. What 

move th«^ other. he needs is absolute equality as regards 

Abuse of thèse rights I claim for man "a chance" and then freedom. I sus- 

is wrong, but the abuses must not be pect the reader will begin to thihk that 

raised as proof that the right does not the single tax is going to the root of 

exist no more than as stated before, things. If labor were free to choose 

the abuse of eating should not deprive its job and practically to fix its own 

us of the right to eat properly, and if wages, what would resuit? 

we hâve unjustly and too harshly forced It may be inferred men would not 

the Indian back and ofif it is but an ex- "stake coaP' in the hell of a steamer' s 

treme the man is liable to run to in hold, or collect garbage, or work amid 

anything, just as we now are sufifering red-hot iron out of choice, It would 

because of the rapacity shown in re- not need Bellamyism to equalize 

moving our forests for their commer- things. The highest wages would nec- 

cial value. Floods and droughts are na- essarily be paid for the most disagree- 

tures punishments, the water has not able jobs, and invention would be 

its natural protector. As we hâve tumedfor a while on making thèse hor- 

forced back the Indian so hâve we re- rible jobs a little more tolerable. It 

moved other obstruction and are con- would be discovered that the hold of a 

tinuing it by killing mountain lion, vessel might be ventilated, that the 

bear and other similar animais to make coal might be moved by machinery, 

room, and we are as justified in the that the foundry or press-basement 

one as in the other, and we are jus- might be dififerently situated, and the 

tified. wind let in some way. 

A nation exists in obediance to the I think a little considération of this 

laws of self-preservation its rights take point will satisfy that to free labor is to 

the right of the individual to self-pre- do it ail. The desires of the free man 

servation and does for him what he may be trusted to abolish the horrors 

would hâve to occupy too much of his that now surround almost ail kinds of 

time to do, they are necessary for the manual labor. A governmental regu- 

continuation of the race, and whatever lation of thèse things is so far away 

tends to make the right of the indivi- around, and so very uncertain of get- 

dual, on a fair basis, is right in sustain- ting around, that single- tax men would 

ing the government. Extrêmes in rather try the efifect of freedom. Free- 

nothingrelatedtoournafurai relations dom will shorten the hours of labor, 


raise wages, dignîfy work, and make foUow his own desires with no man to 

the wage-earner a man among^men, say him nay, till he infringes upon the 

for free-men prefer short hours to rights of someone else. So far as I am 

long, high wages to low. personally concerned, I say that any 

Will he not abuse his freedom? Who part of our so-ealled eivilization which 

is to say what the mechanic or crafts- rests upon the enforced dégradation, 

man shall demand? Would he not the homelessness, the brutalizing toil 

destroy business by demanding too of my fellow men and women, is (only 

much? That will regulate itself. Sup- the vanity and pride of a plutoeraey 

ply and demand— under free condi- whose abolition will be the flower of 

tions— will regulate that. But who will freedom and the triumph of truth. 
eollect our garbage? Who will do bur The eflfect of the single tax in cities I 

menial tasks when tlie laboring man is hâve vindicated, They would level 

free? This question is ofben asked as down, and eut over the vacant lots, 

if a God-given prérogative were about the huge ten-story building would not 

to be taken away. I say if a task is so stand beside the old rookery. The 

menial that only abject want will drive tenement house would disappear. In- 

a human being to it, it is an outrage to dividual homes would multiply. There 

require it, and the sooner it is donc would be a graduai shifting of popula- 

away with the better. I do not ask tion from the heart of the city to the 

anyone to do what I would not do my- suburbs, because the most valuable 

self if I were physically able. I never lands would necessarily be used for the 

go by a gang of men in the street most productive business. Slowly the 

working under the fiaming sun and saloon and the schoolhouse would part 

amid the deadly fumes of gas, that I do company. The terrible North Ends 

not say, **Those men under freedom and South Ends would disappear. 

would demand and get the highest Rapid transit (by the municipal rail- 

wages paid.^' The pyramid now stands ways) would no longer enrich real- 

on its apex, as Shelley said. The estate boomers, but would make iteasy 

easiest task gets the highest pay. for the mechanic to possess a Queen 

I believe ail paid bodily attendance, Anne cottage in the suburbs, his only 

ail menial duties, will disappear when tax being levied upon the site value of 

labor is free. There must come in a his little lot. 

change. The treatment of servants in The need of escaping rent crowds 

many homes is an outrage on human- people together on one lot in the city, 

ity. The life the servant girl leads is but it scatters them in the country. 

appalling to a mînd not vitiated by Under the single tax the farming pop- 

fiunkeyism. Ten to sixteen hours per ulation would draw together. The 

day labor; beds in the basement, damp, speculator being taxed into selling or 

mouldy, or up in the garret in bare, using his land, population would ag- 

unwarmed rooms, — and worse than ail, gregate into cities and townsand a new 

no home, no little nook of their own, era begin for he farmor. 
pitifully alien in the midst of ail the It is not the poverty, the endless and 

comfort and élégance around them. ferocious work of the farm and shop 

No wonder they prefer the shop or the that appalls. It is the waste of human 

store, and a poor, little rented room, life. The solitude, brutalizing sur- 

and a sort of freedom. This cannot roundings, the barreness and mo- 

endure; the human heart rebels at it; notony, the scream of planes, the howl 

the womanly soûl cries ont against it. of cog-wheels— thèse things that tend 

Labor mvst be honorable when the to make man only a brute or a ma- 

workman is free, or he will not do it. chine— thèse are the things that horrify 

Once the pressure of want is taken off the thinker. They are not eivilization. 

him, he will stand tall in his manhood. I agrée with William MorriatXsfé^^. "V^ 

He will wear no man's livery. He will is becavxse m\,o \\v^ \\^^ <^^ "Oc^*^ l-axrsssrt 


the single tax would bring music, bly be reached by the tax on social 

painting, song, the théâtre, that I ad- value, or ground-rent. 

vocate it with sueh persistent enthu- In the South the idea of this fdrther 

siasm. I am a farmer by training, and extension of freedom is making way. 

my sympathies go out to thèse trusting, Already the young men of Virginia are 

sober, frugal men and women in their taking up and carrying forward the 

joyless lives. It is my hope to see work that Jeflferson and Garrison laid 

them enjoying some of the inteUeetual down, — for although the South would 

delights which make life worth living. share in ail that comes in concentra- 

With the rise of towns and the conceE- tion and comfort, it would benefit 

tration of the rural population, swifb speeially, because the single-tax idfea 

strides in civilization will corne. would solve the negro problem. 

♦"But will not a tax on land- values The single tax will solve the black 

rest heavily on the farmer?" asks some- man' s problem by opening the store- 

one. No: the land- value of the work- house of Mother Earth to him, without 

ing farmer is very mnch less than the the necessity of a tribute to some pri- 

value of his tillage, buildings, ma- vate individual. His slavery ad- 

chinery, etc. His direct tax would, in mittedly is still abject, and his suffer- 

ninety-nine cases out of a hundred, be ing greater than before. I don't mean 

less than now. If he is a spéculative to belittle what has been donc, but he 

farmer, like those Edward Atkinson seems to me to stand at présent be- 

represents, ' his tax will be heavier, as tween a dire half-slavery and freedom. 

it ought to be. The single tax hits the He is freed from his mas ter, but is en- 

speculator'shead, whereveritseesone. slaved like ^ his white brother to the 

The working farmer will find his direct "boss" and the land-owner. As an 

tax reduced from twenty-five per cent. Individualist I do not assert that the 

to seventy-five per cent., and his indi- black is equal in virtue to the white. I 

rect taxes will be vnped out. do not assert he should be equal in 

It is the indirect tax that lays with political power, or equal socially, or 
such invisible weight upon him, not equal in wealth. I simply assert his 
merely the tax proper to the govem- equality with every other man as re- 
ment with ail its percentages of in- gards his héritage in the giffcs of air, 
crease from hand to hand, but the still suu, water, and land. We say give 
greater private tax of the monopolist him equality of opportunity. Let him 
of mines, forests, mill-privileges, and see industry untaxed and idle specula- 
city lots, ail of whose exactions of tion abolished; give him freedom and 
tribute come back on the farmer with incentive to be industrious, sober, and 
crushing weight in the priée of his honest; then he will see that his failure 
tools, clothing, building materials, etc. lies with himself The South will yet 
Under the single tax, his entire tax see that a compléter freedom will solve 
would be less than he now pays to the negro problem. * * * 
some monopolist in buying a mowing Our reform is not a palliative. We 
machine or his winter clothing. believe there are two essentials in the 

The farmer of ail men is to be bene- idéal state of society, free nature and 

fitted by this reform. liberty. Land must become practically 

But will not the rich man, the bond- free. Land is limited in amount, pop- 

holder escape? objects the farmer. No. ulation is unlimited. When we hâve 

Stocks and bonds dérive their value two hundred millions of people, the 

mainly from land values, and they océans will not be one foot farther 

would be taxed at the source of their apart. The need of land grows and 

value by the single tax. So far as they its price rises continually. Every year 

relate to improvements they ought not the struggle for a place on American 

to be taxed; in so far as they relate to soil will intensify. No nation of earth 

privilèges on land they would infalli- with equal natural resource ever began 


in 80 short a time to feel the need of ers, and women and children toiling in 

land as we are feeling it to-day. factories. O, great and beneficent 

If with land partially monopolized, change! O, blind philosophers! 
we hâve swarms of beggars, tramps, * * * ^q believe that every 

asyiums, hospitals,— if thèse signs of a ehild bom into the world has at least 

bitter stmggle to live are so great now, the same rights as the rattle- 

what will they be fif ty years from now? snake, the right to himself, the 

If landis worth fl4,000,000 per acre in right to breathe the air, to drink 

New York to-day, what will it be the water, and to obtain his food and 

worth in 1920? In short, looking at shelter by his labor upon the materials 

this question from the broadest possi- which make up the world exterior to 

ble point of view, what is the problem? man. We are content to take the 

Justthis: as the struggle for natural polished professor of political economy 

resources is ever intensifying and as at his word. Man has no more natural 

the possession of land gives greater rights than a rattlesnake. 
and greater power to the owner and Give man thèse rights, and you give 

enslaves the renter, therefore it folio ws him ail that government can or ought 

that the présent System of land owner- to give him. Voluntary service and 

ship is sweeping us toward a ferocious coopération mây be trusted to do the 

and fratricidal war for the possession rest. How is it now? Suppose the 

of the earth. The struggle will resuit little rattlesnake coming into the world 

in one of two conditions. Either a to find ail the snug corners, and nice 

vast and all-powerful landed aristoc- swamps, and beetle pastures, monopo- 

racy will enslave the American masses, lized by some big rattlesnake, or owned 

or the présent System of land-holding by some other little rattlesnake inherit- 

must give way. ing an estate, and you hâve a parallel 

For us there is only one issue, the to the condition of the average child 

monopoly of Nature must go. It will bom under the American Flag and the 

give way with far less of storm and Déclaration of Independence. 
stress than slavery gave in dying. It **The land belongs in usufruct to the 

will be seen to be the next great step living," cried Jeflferson, (our first great 

in the évolution of the race. The value single- taxer) **the dead havenocontrol 

of the individual increases from âge over it." And with him we deny the 

to âge; he will soon be sovereign. right of one génération to enslave 

No one need be alarmed, no another yet unborn. The use of land 

one need be taken by surprise, to the living, to the unborn the same 

Beforms are growths, they bud free legacy. We believe in use not 

before bursting into bloom. No reform ownership, we would hâve land settled^ 

can succeed that does not constantly not bought. We would hâve men se- 

prove its claims to be the best thing cure in possession of land, but robbed 

for the time. of the power to levy tribute. 

"Liberty, fraternity, equality!" cried In this free air, woman will rise to 

the great French revolutionists, and nobler stature. With individuallsts the 

threw their titles, badges, 'scutcheons, right of woman to vote is reckoned a 

coats-of-arms into the smelting pot. small part of her rights as an indivi- 

Liberty, fraternity, equality! And they dual, only a minor question. The real 

lefb untouched the mother of ail question is, was woman bom free and 

injustice, the source of ail inequality equal in opportunities to obtain hap- 

at birth, the root of ail aristocracies, — piness, acquire virtue, and secure a 

the private ownership of the soil of competency? In other words is she 

France. They destroyed a monarchial included in the new déclaration of 

aristocracy supported by peasants, rights? If I may answer for the 8m^<^- 

serfs. They established a republican taxineiiot XTci^T\ea..,\^"a:^ ^^'e»."^^'»^^'^ 

plutocracy supported by "free" farm- satmtYiiô \«ja\) . e.oxLN«ïvXÀwv oll -<è'^-tNSi\»» 


with the aame powera and the aame tbe greatest individual liberty con- 

privilegeB with the men. eiatent with the equaJ righta of the 

It in now more than a centnry aince rest. 

that immortal old Déclaration was read In ahort, the time Îb upon ua when a 

and to day, with rare niiagivings, man mnet choose between patemalism 

woman is allouvd to vote ou the echool of a government liable to corruption 

question! Man, his head yet fllled and tyranny, aad the frateriial, spoii- 

with the survivais of the middle âges taneous, unconsoioua co-operation of 

witîi its meaBUrelesB laat and omelty, individualism. We stand before each 

arrogates to himeelf the rlght to aay thooghtful man and woman, still pon- 

what woman shall do— and this in the dexing thie choice, and say:— 

fece of the sentence whieh he applaude "There ie no law that will work, aa 

— "AU menarecreatedfreeandequal," it is expected to work, except a law 

— applauda becauee it never occurs to which libérâtes. The System that aeta 

him to mean women, too. free, will Burprise by ils beneflcence, 

As a aingle-tax man I say: As I deny and exait with ita ever-renewed power 

the right ofany woman to define my of developîng the good of human na- 

sphere, deny me what I eam, or ait in ture." 

jndgment on my rights, ao I deny the Aa for myself, I hold trutb to be 

justice of any custom, law, or edict of good, Nature impartial, liberty and 

a mon's government to say wbat a loftier individual development the end 

woman'a work shall be, to suppress her of ail human goyerninent and ail right 

vote or discriniinate againat her in any human action.— flam/in Gurtand, in 

way whatfioever. It is not a question January Arena. 

whether woman will use the ballot, it ia ^^^^^^^^^^^ 

a question of liberty. She must hâve 

the liberty to do as she pleases ao long THE MANUFACTURE OF ANCESTORS, 

as ahe does not interfère with tûe equal 

righta of others. II is not a question of « * * This advancement from civ- 

herdesirea as a woman, it is a question ilization to reBnement bas brought 

of her righte aa a human being. with it a corresponding change in our 

But tbe illimitable widening of the notions respecting pedigrees and kin- 

fleld of opportunity, the freedom of dred aubjeots. Sad expérience bas 

induatry itom tax, tbe growing liberty taught the American that bis father's 

and independence of labor will do position in such matters is no longer 

more for woman than place ber equal tenable; for in many instances he bas 

before the law with man. It will re- been obliged to expend large sums to 

lease her from her dependence upon purcbase positions in Europe for his 

him as a bread-winner, and never till daugbters, wben a little foresight on 

that is donecan woman etand a free tbe part ofhia grandfather would bave 

soûl, individual and self-reaponsible. aaved him his hard-earned dollars. Ho 

* * * Tbethoughtfulmaji tbisday basbeen obliged, too, to yield prece- 

ia standing at the parting oftwo ways, dence in Enropean socîety to persons 

one leading confesaedlythrougn trusta, of little comparative wealtb, simply 

combines, monopoliea, to one giant because tbey bave been tbe possessors 

monopoly of ail induatry, controUed of a ehield of sixteen quartcrings, 

by the atate, to be carried on by milî- whicb, be bas discovered, may be pur- 

tary régime; tbe other leading through chased at a heraldry office at a price 

abolition of laws, through Itee trade, within the reaeh of every millionaire. 

free production, free opportunity, to Thèse and similar facte bave opened 

free men. The land doctrine or single- the wealthy American'a eyes to the ne- 
tax philoBophy means a destruction of casaity of a pedigree, and with charac- 

all monopoly, a minimum tax levied teristic promptness and energy he bas 

upon social not individual values and aet about rectitying the mistake of bis 


The onoeridiRiiled man în while the escutcheoiiR made by theni, 
' occuplea the place ofhonor viewed from the festlietie atandpomt, 
his hall. He haa painted a crest on. are far snperior to thoae deviaeâ by 
hÎ8 carriage panel, he tiaa set up a eoafc Gartei, Clareocieiis, or Norroy, They 
of arma overhîB chimney pièce, and he are flilly prepared, too, to connect 
has publiahed a genealogy ofhisfkmi- wealthy families with fainilies in 
1y, exhîbiting io carettil détail the an- England of assured position and rank, 
tecedente of bia Engliah progenitora, or to make to order an entirely new 
whom he bas epared no expenae to Une of anœators of the moat approved 
connect with some noble or hiatoric pattem, and to anpply anitable arma, 
bouse. Thua bas been brougbt about, including, if wanted, a motto, BUppor- 
almoat imperoeptibly, a quasi-revolu- tere, and any kind of a coronet. Thua, 
tïon among our wealtby class, which untrammeled by the medifflval tradi- 
bids fair to exercise a very considérable tione which hedge in the British inati- 
iufluence on our future; for tbere la tution, they are better enabled to cater 
now Bcarcely a fe,mily of any preten- to the oxpeneive tastea of our aris- 
sion which doea not boast ita pedigree tocracy, while the compétition of num- 
and eecutcheon, and, in many casea, a bers adds zeat to the invention of new 
gallery of ancestral portraits. With aymbols and of more coatly ornamenta 
thèse added advantagee, our young for coateof arma. 

men will no longer blush, aa of old, to A seeming anomaly in our protective 
meet the aprigof nobility, butwillbob- aystem la that our government, while 
nob with him on equal terma, and, like impoBing an almost prohibitive tavîff 
hîn>,b6 enabled to relegate tradeapeople on every foreîgn luxury, aa well aa on 
to their proper sphère, witbout render- moat of.the necessities of life, abould 
ing themselves liable to the imputation permît absolute free trade in pedigrees 
ofenobbery. Onr daughters, too, will and escutcheons, tbough, contrary to 
be relieved of the stigma, which newa- the teachinga of the advocates of that 
paper moraliste hâve fastened upon aystem, such fi«edom haa not thua far 
them, of trading their money for titles; flooded our markete or cbeapened this 
for hereafter thèse beat représentatives class ofproducts. This is largely due 
of our civilisation will go to their nup- to tbe fijct that the demand comes al- 
tiala fitted with pedigrees as long as, most esclosively from the wealtby 
if not longer tlian, thoseofthe men to claaa, who under this benetloent System 
whom they carry their wealtb. are continually becoming richer, and 

The increaeing demand for pedigrees better able to pay any rate which the 
and for beraldic insignia bas led to a genealogist and beralda may impose, 
new industry in ail our great aocial There is, too, litOe compétition from 
centera, and there is now scarcely a the manufacturera of purely American 
city which does not boast ite collège of pedigrees. 

heraldry, where as tmstworthy lines » * * It isaaomewhatremarkable 
of ancestora ajid coata of arms can be fect in the history of civilization that 
had as at the older inatitution in Lon- the Chineae alone hâve carried tbe re- 
don. The aole différence between them verence for pedigree to il« only legi- 
and the one presided over by the Earl timate conclusion — tbey hâve develop- 
Marehal of England ia that they are ed it into a cuit, Every Oelestial home 
strictly private institutions, our gov- bas ita temple or abrine where incense 
emment not having yet seen fit to take is burned before the anceatral tablets, 
them under ite protective wing. This, and where the family meet periodically 
however, is to the advantage of the to worahip tbelonglinewbichconnects 
porchaser, for, with the thorougbness the members directly with deity, fur- 
cjiaracteriatic of indivîdual enterpriae, niabing ta every aincere worahiper an 
the American collèges never fail to extension ladder to heaven, with every 
provide unbroken lines of ancestors, round as, ■weM 4e&ûft4. ■».■&&. ■»» ^aa^ <j^ 



asœnt as that wliich Jacob aaw leading leather manufacturerB bound thera- 
into the erapyrean. It ifi probably too eelves to each other under a penalty of 
muchtoexpect that ourdiBcordant secte $1,000 notto employa KnightofLabor. 
will ever agrée upon ao obviouB a neu- Last Winter the aujierintendent of tho 
tralgroundof meeting; but ifaonieof Long Island Railroad disebarged the 
our million aires would eatablish a telegraph operatore at Jamaica and 
inodelanceBtralshrinewhereiosaBtickB MorriB Parii because they had been 
money could be bnrned in the ortho- choaen offlcers of the Order of Tele- 
dox way, they might make this the graphere. 

fnabionable religion, and perhaps re- The eniployera not only combine and 

flite the aocepted notion ofihe difflcul- conspire in perfect security against 

ties attendlng the rich man's attain- their men, but against other employera 

ment to the realms of blisB.— JoAn D. not in their associations. Thus in 1888 

Champlin, Jr., im Forum for Jaiiuary. the Atkinson Car Spring Oompeny ap- 

^^^^^^^^.^^ plied for admission to a "combine" of 

manufacturerB formed to regulate pri- 

INDUSTBIAL CONSPIBACIES. „„. it, h„„„r, belng . .mallcon. 

— " " cem, could not agrée to the conditionR. 

In Belford's for Februarj- Mr. Fi-ed Asaresult it wae not admitted, and 

Perry Powers hae an article on "Indus- ail the other concerne agreed t«under- 

trial DiBcontent" As a discussion of bid it on eyery occasion, and so drive 

the causes of disconteni the article is it into bankruptcy. The manufactu- j 

lamentably weab and superflcial, for rers andjobbersof jewelry havea trust, I 

thegreatoansee, the Tinjuat distribution whieh in October, 188B, drove J. M. ' 

ofwealth and the existence ofspecial Ohandler & Co-, of Clei'eland, into 

privilège and monopoly, are not touch- bankruptcy by simply refusing to sell 

ed on. The article is mainly devoted goods to them.. In 1887 the burîal case 

to showing how gênerai combinations manufiictiirers decided to min an out- 

of employers for blacklisting and boy- sïde concem unlesa it came into the 

cotting bave beeome, and how public organization. 

opinion aggravâtes diecontent by the The Orand Jury of New York City 
sanctioning the actionof suchcombina- refused to indict the cloak manufactu- 
tlons while condemnîng similar action rers referred to above for their conspi- 
on the part of the worfcingman. "The racy iu locking out their men, but six 
boycott" he saya, "ia a weapon which workingmen in the same city weresent 
le oondemned only when used by the to prison for distributing handbills 
■workingmen." He givea some exam- aaking people not to buy bread at a 
pies of this boycotting of working boycotted abop. In the same state, at 
men by the employera. A atrike in Binghamton, five atriking cigarmakerS 
one cloak shop in New York last sum- were sent to the penitentiary for one 
mer led to a gênerai lock-ont in ail the hundred days (August 15, 1890 1 for 
shops. A strike in one leather factory "picketiug" the tiictories when strikes 
in Lynn in September led to a lock-out were in progresa. When a "sym- 
of 1,500 men by the associated em- pathetic strike" on the New York 
ployera. A récent organization, inclu- Oentral Railroad was ordered because 
ding the Weatinghouse Company, of a few men were badly treated the 
Pittaburg, andthe Yale Lock and Colt's Knights of Labor were eondemned in 
Arms Oompaniea, of New Haven, the strongest way; and in the aimilar 
obliges the employera to diacharge ail cases on the Southwestem System the 
their 50,000 men in cafletbcreisa strike men were denounced for paralyzing 
in ftny one of the associated establiah- the industry of theeountry. The labor 
ment«; and no man who atrikea in one unione are bitterly denounced because 
establiahment will ever be permitted to they try to prevent men from working' 
(«wA- in anotber. Three yeara ago the for wages not satisfiietory to the union. 



"We who buy labor," eays Mr. Perry, LEGAL DEPARTMENT. 

"are enthusiaatic champions of the 

right of a man to sell hia labor at a 

'eut' rate. But we do Dot condemn a Where a boy seventeen years of âge 

manufacturer for not Belling his goods employedina machine abop waa di- 

at a eut rate." rected by a fellow workman to Btop the 

The facte coUected in this article are eugine, it was proven that frora the 

very intereeting, but no hint ie given position he occu pied it was linown to 

why it ÎH that a conafant intemeuine the peraon giving the direction that it 

war is going on in every town and was a hazai'dous undertaking. In do- 

every factopy; or why it is that men ing bo the boy waa injnred. It ap- 

engaged in production hâve to cona- peared that the employé had been 

pire to eruah other men in order to complained of, or that the company 

ma^ a living. No attention la drawn had notice of hia négligence in direct- 

to the monstroua injustice of a state of ing others to do hazardoua and unnec- 

thingB under which the only olaea of easary things. Ileld, that by reason of 

people whoae ineomes and privilèges the injured boy'e youth and inexperi- 

are bo eecure that they do not hâve to euce it waa not négligence on hia part 

combiue and conspire at ail are those to rely upon the direction given hira 

who are not engaged in production — and faiied to appreciiite the danger; 

the class that live on renta and the but that the company waa liable for ite 

proceeds of monopolj Why, indeed, négligence in failing to guard against 

ahould ther© be any discoutent, exi^pt auch injury by proper dieipline and the 

industrial discontent, when the only proper guarding of dangerous ma- 

people who are spared ail the trouble chinery. (Dowling vs. Allen et al., 

about what goee on are thoae who are etc., Company, Itfiasoari B. C, Nov. 17, 

not industrioua?— rft« Standard 1890.) 

- There are many deciaiona upon this 

Th. Om.h, Bail,», Sew, Reporter ""bjeol, but until tl.e mie of 1„ „«, 

thintothBhead,u.rtei>orthshoi,p,l»l "li™g«a >' ™ f""» f" «" injoreii 

d.p.rtm.ntof the Union Poodchonld omploye to brlng an action for 

b. .t Omalu., bnt doe. not .ay why. »8f '" •"■ '"-l"/ «'notable U, a 

Butweoan»ywliïit.hoBldnot, The '"""'"' '«"ï"; .'» '"' "'='' '" ""= 

headquart.™ .hould b. a. m.r tbo "^ '" ""^ "'"'" *' P'"""'. 1»" '« 

œntreof th..y.t«ma,praotlcableand '" ° '■"P"'"' "'e» •" '°'°"' ">*' "" 

wiiomthenuimhospltall.. Thoho.pi. »»"<"°'" law-making bodie. now In 

t«l ha. no oonnœtlon wlth the opérât- "f ">° "' ""«"l""!; ^'«' >» «=1»' »' 

Ing departmont or tbo road, and there- 'ï» «■»Pl'>y«' That we m.y not get 

fore need not boadqnarten, at the ""• o" and new raie of law confonnd- 

«im. place. Tbe bo.pital department °f' »" "«"l™ «lionld rememb.r thaï 

had » trial of It. beadqu.rter. at 'le former applie. where one «rvant 

Omaha, .nd the mthy condition of the " '""'"'' ^^ "» "«EliBenoe of hi, 

main ho.pital at that time 1, .udloient f«ll"»->»™nt, their dutie, being .ucb 

argument aE>in,trepeating tbe eiperl- »«•» bring tbom mto habituai »,«,cla- 

ment. No ho.piW can lay ju.t clalm «on, .o that they may eieroiœ a mu- 

to a .uporiorlty over the Union Paollo '"" i»""»" «P»" "=1' "tu»' P">»o- 

ho.pitalatDen™r,a.ltnowi.. Oom- t™ of proper caution, and the muter 

pbimt, can be made againet any bo.pi- " '='"">' °' '"' "«eUï»»"» 1» employing 

tal. SIek people are not tbe ea.le.t to ""^ ■"'™"' """"^ "■» '"l'^^' "» 

g^i^ maater la not liable. The country la 

_^^^^^^^^^ flill of married eoldiera lu the war of 

^^^^^^^^^^ railroading who, by raaaon of thia doc- 

"We alwaye take crédit for tbe good, truie, hâve not been able Ui ï*iça-i^^ a. 

and attribute the bad to fortune." penny to oom^tiBa^je ftia^a ^w ■C&sÀ.t 



affliction, dlstrees and the lose of tlieir and when a dangeroos dildi was mach 
money-earning i>ower. under a track by employée who 

The Hazardh of a Railway Em- reaaon to know ofite constant use 
pIjOYE. — How Pab Pbotectëd bv complainant, the relation of fellow 
La"w, The hazards of a railway em- vant cannut intervene between thoÉ 
ploye'8 life do not seem to decrease engaged in a distinct employmeni 
eveo with tbe adoption and use of allow défendant to escnpe damages. 
improved machinery. Tbe army of (Sadow va. R.R. Co., Mich. 8. C. Dec. 
crippled andmftimed peopleisgrowing 24th, 1890.) 

larger each year and the death record So, where a flreman of one of defen- 
is appalling. In view of thie fact the dant'a locomotives waa liilled by colll- 
law in many Btates isbeÎDg repealedby aion with aoother engine which had 
botter and more libéral aete, for the beeu negligently left standing upon 
purpoee of protocling employés from the track, at night, with a defective 
the many périls of their bazarda life. head-light. Hotwithetanding the 

The trend of l^isl&tioniaalsohaving gine upon whlcb complainant was 
a sabstantial and équitable support by jured was ronning at a higher rate 
the tiigheât and most respectable courts epeed than the mies of the company 
of the land. Technical omissions, or permitted, but its management bcing 
manufacturcd évidence no longer de- under the control of the engineer, and 
feat a just and équitable caose of ac- while he was engaged in getting coal 
tion. The year 1890 has been proliflc frora the storage the collision ocourred. j 
in ita nnmber of damage suite and for Tbe court held, contrary to the codt j 
the most part a aubstantial recovery tention of the défendant, that the jury 
has been tbe resuit It would be im- waa justifiable in finding a verdict not- 
possible to review them ail in a lîmited withstanding the négligence of both 
article but we ap pend anumberofthe engineers — the one running at pro- 
more récent décisions covering avarie- hibited apeed, and the other leaving a 
ty of questions of interest and impor- defective lighted engine on the track. 
tance to those who are engaged in the ( Whittaker vb. RR. Oo., N. Y. 8. C, 
business pertaiiiing to railroading. Dec., 1890. i 

Unforseen Defects and Pekils. An employé acting as brakeman had 
An eœploye laboriiig in the défendants occasion to go upon top of a moving 
repair-shop, whose duty fcquired him train in tbe nigbt time. The Une had 
occasionnally to go ont to the yard to eeveral low bridges spaning it, the 
procure material, and while thua en- knowledge of which was denied by 
gaged in pushiug a hand-car along one complainant. Tbe défendant alleged 
of the tracks leading out into tbe yard, that he had lïeen notified verbally aud 
fell into a deep ditch which had been by maps and bulletin located within 
dug across the track the day before, the car. Complainant proved that no 
under the direction of the yard fore- whipping straps were maintained to 
man, the existence of which the Injured warn him of the hazard, and notwith- 
employe was ignorant, and of which it standing bis having gone over the road 
was impossible for him to aee owning at day time he waa not cognizant of 
to his accustomed manner of puahing the danger. The trial court awarded 
the car. The défendant denied that he him eighteen thousanddollarsdamagcs 
had a right of action on the ground and the défendant appealed to this 
that the ditch was negUgently made court wherein the judgmentisreversed 
and suffered to remain open by the on acconnt of error in refuaing to give 
cwmplainants fellow workman and no proper charge. The court, bowever, 
liability could therefore be chargea to intimâtes that the unforseen danger 
the master, The court ruled bowever, was negligencly guarded by the em- 
that it was the master's duty tofurnish ployer, and it is not unllkly that a 
nomplaijiant icitb a eafe place to work, second trial will reeult as the fîrst in a 


iny '[ 


MbBtontial verdict for plaintiff. (R.B. DISTRICT DEPARTMENT.^ 

Oo. va. Hallinger, Ala. S. C, Dec. 18th, '' 

18B0.) — ■ 

So, where a section foreman wan in- DISTRICT OFFICERS. 

jured to the extent as to occaBion his 

subséquent death, by reasou of a de- ^ „_ ^ ^^^^_ s^^u^». D«,vor. Coiu. 

fectlve road bed «pon a secUon ofthe d. w. p., Qbo. C. Miller, Ellia. RaoB, 

road adjoining the eectioa over which D. R. 8., J. N. Cohbih, Deuver. Colo. 

he had charge, the court ruied that his »■ F- 8. * T.. W. i.. Cauuoli,, Denver. OdUt^ 

widow was entitled to recover damages — 

beeauBe ofthe négligence of an other Edilnr nnd Mana«ar of tl.e Mugaiine, 

section foreman înpermittingthetrack ^- ^- Cobbis, 

to get out of repair. Thia ia tnie nol> p ^ ^^^^.^"'° " """''^"'"'^ ^^ 

witlistanding the injured employé was ,J_,___^^,_1_,_,,._...,_.,,..,__...,_^^ 

riding on a flat car instead of in the . . , .. „ „ 

, " „ .- ^ Agents of the Magazine are re- 

caboose. Hence, a section foreman, ^ j .. . ■ .u - . i 

, . . . . , ,. e ,.1. quested to get m their reports as early 

who 18 being earned over a part ofthe ■l,i 

road which he îb not requîred to in- ^ 

Bpect or repair, haa a right to asBume 

that no unforeeeii or defective condi- ,^ i-r ■ j o. v pi 

, , , , Meesrs. Hams and Stening, of Lara- 

tions are preaent, and he does not ac- „ . j- i. - ^ \. , 

.,^ .,, ,.-,, ■,-. TOie, were callera at diatnct headquar- 

cept rialis occaaioned by hidden defecta , „ l t.,.i.i_ t. ,-r ■ ^ ■ 

„ ,_■ ^ T. ,. , 1 j ,^1 tera Febniary 26th, Bro. Hams being 

of whicb he haa no Knowledge. Tayior ,.„ ^ \ J ,. „ 7 

„ „ ^ ^ Q r, T. .^.1, at Denver for treatment of an mjuted 

va. E.R. Co., Texas, S. C, Dec, 16th, ■" 

1890. 1 *^^' 

An eiigineer was injured by derail- 

ment of his train of which he was en- An active intereat ia being talien in 

gine driver hy ninning into a partly organization in Oregon, aeveral new 

opon awitch. Ahout a year previous, aasumbliea havingbeenorganized there 

the awitch had been abandoned, the the past few weeks and several more 

lighta talten down, and the railaapilied, about ready. 

The ruiea required engineers not to 

run over 15 miles an hour in passing a 

Bwiteh was in daily nae. Plaintifif was ^- *■ 3821, of Sawlina, Wyo., which 

rnnning 45 to 50 miles an hour, and haa not been in an active condition for 

(«Btifled that he did not know of the o^e-- ^ y«»^' ^^^ t'^^" re-organîzed and 

reopening of the Bwitch, and if there «^arts with a large membership and 

had been lights on it^ he eould hâve Sood prospects. 

seen thern. in time to prevent the acci- — 

dent. The court held, that it was an rj-hg qSbt of Dickens' Works and 

unforseen danger, and that the corn- Mammoth Cyclopoadia is stil! open. 

pany was négligent in not having lights The Magazine one year and Dickens' 

which waa a concurrent cause of the Works in twelve volumes for $1.60. 

accident, no matter whether the switch rpjjg Magazine one year and Cyolopœ- 

was left open by a trespasaer or fellow- dia, $1.50, invariably hi advance. 
servant. Especially ia thia true where 
the Company abandoned the switch and 

removed the lighta and aubaeqiiently Ohas. Unitt, of Omaha, who has rep- 

put it into use without notifying the resented his assembly in the district 

complainaut or reatoring the lights. several y eara, ia mourning the loss of 

Such négligence iB ofthe Company and hia oidest daoghter by that dreaded 

not of the section -mas ter or fellow- diaease, diphtheria. Bro. Unitt haa 

servant. t,Town va. R.R. Oo., Mich, the aympathy of hiB loaivi ï-tiksi^s. 

a C.,Dec. 24th, 1890.) throughout ttve Ô\ï,tT\tiV. ^ 



We bave » large number of photo- 
graphe of Plyniouth Rock, ecenic and 
hiBtorical, published by A, S. Burbank, 
Plymouth, Maas., as advertised in our 
advertising pages. Thèse we intend to 
dietribute among our agents in propor- 
tion to the number of enbacribers they 

" A New Déclaration of Rights," by 
Hamlin Gariand in the January issue 
of the Arena, extracts from which we 
publisbed in our last issue and cou- 
clnded in this, shonld be read by ail ; 
it explaina In a comprehensive mauner 
what is troubling workmen ; it illus- 
trâtes the résulte to be reached by the 
adoption of the single tax. 

TheunrelîabiUty of the average news- 
paper is illustrated in the case of the 
Denver daily that is now making war 
on the Union Pacific. Every thing that 
is not as it should be on the road is laid 
at the door of the new management, 
not considering that the résulta were 
bequcatbed to it by the old manage- 
ment. When Meek was gênerai man- 
ager of the Gulf Diviaion and a political 
macliine at the aame time, everything 
wae ail right, at least as far as this 
newapaper indicated. Why has it sud- 
denly discoTCred ao muchî Perhaps 
ita owner has not got a paas or some 
job printing it wanted. 

The Areiui for February is an excep- 
tionally good number. Thia publica- 
tion is doing a grand work in breakiog 
up the foasiled ideaa and sentiments 
that exist as barnaclea on our civiliM.- 
tion and preveut advance. 


Our blacksmith tureinan. Mr. Robert Wilwlbfl 
leaves to-morraw eveoing for a three montha»-^ 
liait ÏQ Ciumdii acd EDglaod. Bob Is an < 
timer on tbe U. P., haying been in Ba«line orer 
sLiloea y eare, and his laanj trionds hère joiu in 
wisbinit hlm a pleasanC and eafe ioume;. 

fTantes trrmg, our round houee carpenter. re- 
ooived n ïtovere iTut on Lie wrist wbilo at his^rork 
one dajlaat wppi. bnt ho in Krlting along yery 
well at [iresent. and wti ËX|)flct WHvn ta peo bim 
back at blE work again. 

Yeritenîgj wab [m; dny. eo the boys arn ail 
liaijpy to-day, altbounh we honr considérable 
gnzmbling about amall chacke. 

Our gane bnee, Frank Tbompson, ttettiiiK tired 
of Bswing un buttone and patcbins bù tiouKerf, 
hOB final!; decided to take unto hiniEetf a bel]>- 
mah' and qa Febmary ncb vas marricd. He did 
the square tliing with the boys and aU pawed ofi 
qnietly. Long life and prosperity. Frank, old 

Well. thi8 IxslnB the Arst Bawlina lettor (or 

G, Ncb., Feb. 23. IBfll. 

The truth that was yesterday a reat- ^^ ,. , 

, , .... L , - 17 The little wocld hère Iiok been poraainK Ihe 

leas problem has to-day grown a bebef ,„^ j^„„^ „£ ^^^ ^_ ^ „^i^^ ^^^^^ j,^^ 
buming to be uttered; on the morrow occured ei«.pt the rfreatablishmeni ot the an- 
contradiction exaspérâtes it intO mad oient inquisition by st. Darid. in bis efiorla to 
fanatacism.— Carlyle. e« at me. Froui tbe groans that were heard 
cotnlnR trom tbe carpeuter shop, one wuuld be 

— !ed to beliave that the acrews were being ap- 

"People who think that profanity is Pli«i with great «gor. lam congratnlatingmï- 

ftjnny migbt as well imagine that stry- ™Bt°mridhiX.l'^™^aS^«,mewhat in 

cJiaine ia aourishiag." regard to my last letter. 1 heaid him say the 


Coma now. Darili. imi fcnow tliat no one ie placB thiawiiHer, Ihe compnny bniUBht tba nuist 

klekiDK ogainBt gettkie more pay khan the ot iU ice fram Urean River, Wyomins. wblcb in 

□thera, btitthereareiDeii intheboilec ehop who cif excellait quullM. 

are gettinB only SÏ.OO a day, aaà uBw'men who Dasloees ou the coad is diill and tberomid- 

never aaw a boiler Hhop are ftettic^ m.Sa a day. huoee is full <if idle eucines, which means idle 

The 633 made aa eitra trip lo the Oiof, for timc» for theyounKengineerB. Tbis roakoB thetn 

oeitlectedeocontrio work, Darid to the raintrory disconnolaW- nnii gamloua. I cannot bhune 

notwitbfitanding. them un it aeetua an H the compaiu had aome 

anil the fni. ttiat tbey wonldsivealltliej' pOHHeea giueergat oae time, bh Iha; pTomuted a large 

for jnBt one drink from the river Lâthe- unmbi^r of fireiuen a Few yeare ago, qnmc af thftii 

In Ibe blackaniitb abop the major is boldlog ecareely ont of their teens. 

the littla leland in fine abap witb the Heaietam» The B. of L. E. bas an antriement with tlie 

of a lîneal liBaowulant of ths tmitor Jndns. bettet oompanj' thftt thelaat hiredor pmmolod muBt Im 

knov os the "spy" DF "dog-robber." The major the lirat laid off. bot there are Ineide îaaoee witli 

□aed t{> be Ibe Boni of bonor, but 1 om afraidtbat tlie compauy tbat areant tlved np to. 

if he HontiniieB to lend hi» ear to the "ups" h* The abope ara ettll workins «1 hoare a woek, 

will loua bis charaj^r. much to tbediaotpmfortof a large cloan of men 

Onethingl noticedlaatmontb that Btrack me that are (Tying to pay for bompH cnntracted for 

p when tlmte were good. Now a majority of them 

! canoot affnrd to pay fur the bare neceasities of 

' life. The Rcocer, hatcher and baker are alno 

y torelbly waa 




loaoof m 


Ihat ali those »bo 

hâve not 



t«azlne abo 

Dld do eo 

Anotber thtug tu be deplored in the lettinit ont 

ofthe contraet for nnloading the a<al at this 

roftdhflBpicked np and a majority of the on- 

nndar tha old contractora the men wero paid 

n.B5 aday liQtnow ttieyonly receive $1.3.1. Tho 

Tbere bave been no changea in oAicers heco Ihe 

oldaayinK, "Giïea begger a horsc and be wîU 

laat month, but it ia eipeoted every week. 

rideittj.death,"BeeniBto be troe iu thia caae, 

Tho whoto topic of converaetion among ttie 

men in their idle moraenla in the sliopa and at 

WBS WOTkifls forïl.B-i, and none wereloodorthati 

their homee is, when are we going to get longer 

he fur highor wa^ea. 

Tbe MiBBoari Paciiio ahoia at Typrees, ntar 

cle in the Deoembar Magazine eotitled "Big 

bere, was bumed dowu on Wedneadaj- nîgtht tlia 

Head." "Yon will remember thia, tbat you're 

only man, and not^a god as you tbink yoarself. 

gether witb aU tbe toola of thp men and dom- 

world iuat as Smart, just a good, and many of 

them. thoughpoor. far bettflC men than you are 

Au Bout D« Bon. 

in every respect." 

Engine 690 bas got a new Ëre-bax and général 

Albina. Ore.. Feb. 17, 1891. 

paire and will be uut in a few daïB. 


Omaha, lotako tbe place of one who was dia- 

T)ie laat iaaae of the Magazine came aornenhat 

lato bnt wben it did come everybixiy wantod a 

WearaworkingSlionraeverydayLn tbe woefc 

copy, aaAlbinahaaoraeemsto bave aomenido- 

now wbich anita very well. 

anothor doee. Jadging from tbe commotion they 

in town. StrawB aliow thi- wny i.he -wind ia 

created hère among tbe gentry yon'dimagine tbat 


theaavage Sitting BiUl had come lo life once 

abonid yoar coirespondonts be diacoyered it ia 

évident they wiU be dispatched aa swiftly ae 

Sktitor liayazine: 

some of the boaaea of thia Aogean atable will 

The weather for the paat month haa been ei- 

when "LirtlB Joe" investigatea their ebaracler. 

œedbigly Hae. On the 3d day of tbe présent 

The machine ahop ia auraly a aight to he- 

rounth the mercntï fell, to throe dogreee below 

bold, and wbile Joah and Cbarley bave the man. 

leio. tbe coidoi^t day of tbe winter. In a few 



Ibrm lu «m Ubi i mIm j. ''■■' «"dj thef a 
hi «fcrif iw t padtioti. Ktm ihr noua 

t hadalHKiithifK'iWtnl.liarliT*!» mrka for ebarge oT ifa 

(larr ■■4 BM (or DUBFT. Well.hedaaiio(«aia Mm* tod a 

hli («Ji !■ it i> kiHrvn Ibat 1» lat Ikliai aunic ol tiaUj Mnt prcfanK'HT K 

■h» biif* la on «f Ihe KM for «Mlifis 'ou up, and Mfne drcland b 

kacfûwatipietiantMck lotboir fsin» t» anow *aucb ot s iob. ^siiape be h 


lœh «urk oui •nngtml f air pluj. Cbark) '* nghc Wben Chïef Dailjr i bpUn- kuim u Tom D 

bowmr woold eJLrbtJio: '^mt wonldn't bc in Optaha; is selfftiitg mfn for ifcnition aloitg' j 

InatJDv Daniel right." Whsi Daa Iutc f m rcf- ti» i«sfL bc will lu 

rrniHlo. FrankT U il Daniel wliuaaniiBd Uie on them}' n>U wbUcin ibe bispitsL Bail; waa 

jrfllaf ftielïon'ji <Jm. or tu it tbe i&anwbo is the iarmUir of unr hï^faly prized brai» tag^ 

mayor uf oor cil; luid SI. 11.1 Be hai aoc Neit «onee "Oor 'Airy.' h«i>di1 cletk. toi 

cordHi in SlUim iJ 

»iulnd. anil liû larlialili' iiboirn t 
rw* ih Miefi. Ijiok at Ibif blackami 
w tho cnnditioD of tlilngs Uiere. 

lU'iu il>e iilacE tor tour finie. 

il fur» 

One tool 
rennired t 

leide injure non 
i> tbo sork. Hud the time bnm apent in twtlor condition i 
inaklnit loobi (bat haa bem wtul^d in chosing tâmo ei. 

1 ha oonïinpeil. Yoi 

. Wbo erer Imnl of two men 

> Ibalt II 'AiTT geti paid for 

e flireli bat nat mach li-fi atler , 

loee. 1 beli^re 'Arrj «otild dis- j 

ra&hiiLï diebe* apon tlje BarrFst 1 

ii« ai Ibe detJi. 'Anrlbe '■^ _^^^^ri 

ure liiis tinur but Uiia a long ^^^^H 

naudILo»tha( remain on tb* -^^^H 
ne bot them^elTea. Wc are in ^^^H 
nuw tbaD we bare toen et anj ^^^^^| 
nnizeil. Joïo ns and ;od wlll ^^H^ 
onrB in bebalf ot tiie caUM*. 

a job a* Ibalt If 'Anj geu p 
witliMt wbaibeknon be snreli bat nat mai: 
ahop and j*a>-in»r hoepital doee. 1 beli^ve 'Arrj «otdd di 

tbeia Qoeen (ban be d 
laiUuK fut boy or tbe dime i 

H. McCon- 


around Uie olioi) for tbe 
woiild haTo aonK-lhlaB to work 

The nbop i« O. K. bol poorly managed. "LiMle 
Ji»" will «trelKhten tbings ont in a proper nian- 
ncT •non, nnd tbe hlg fnnc will find thpmselves 
Uke Othello, tliuir oecntintion itone. sud mie- Bdilor Uiiga 
tnanamnieiit vill uo longer bother ut. Mearly a mi 

We hnve two ttutlnoB in tbe maohine Nliop. el- nell asaunied 
■•Briennid and inmmleiiced men. It h often department, and jet no uiaater mechanic 
Iniiababte (oobaerTe tbe anllca oftlie lutter clnaa puinted for Omaha, and wbat is more, ail i 
wlien Jaioe» Wali-b cntebeB tliem napping. The to be more in (be dark than cier aa to wbo it 
wilierdeprcciatee in vaine until he ooald make be. In factEome begin to (hink maybewG 
bie eift tliroiiKb a rat bote, and hia omistant, onr get aluog withoat one at ail. 
Inte lond nhork. wbo reporte to him how long tbe Chaa. ConuB, Mr. Eackueï's priva 
tviyphnfnbeenattlio baek of tbe shop. makea 
■nch barried motions with tbe brooœ aa ta mm- 
plHtely hide hlmault in a cload ot dnat. Wbile 
Pridny nina from one end of the thop lo tbe 
olhorwithaolnbinban(l,andBboQtH, "Fiïedol- 
lan reward for McGinC; I" nnd Joeb and Jim 
■H^H tlia sanie tor Terminal; and Uoxin rants 
and BWenra for Bonieone bas givBu bia beat iilrl a 
Dopy of tbe UagnEloe. (o teud n desoription of 
hla nifill hlHbaeai. nnd sbe leama for tbe Hrst 
lima tbnt TioUn Btrlng» are kept in atuik iu a 
mllroad BUpply dcpnrluient. Uoxln bad an in- 
vitation lu a ■elnot partf a few nlgbtf elnce. and 
hedoniuvl lii» beat attira and proceeded 

tiwrU, aipecClng (o eee none tliera bi 
drlveni. But olae ! how croat tallee he wa* whei 

is fllllng tbat position for Hr. McCoonell. 

Tom Dailx is appointed chief clerk. Tbat 
aeems to be about ail tbe appolntmenla eo far. 

I nndemtand Ihe men tranaterred to Cheyetine 

H workîng 

time being pbauged, but it 

Bbont, althougb Iheg bave hired h (ew ot the 
mechinÎHlB wbo wero laid nff a sburt timp ago 
aud biied a few blacksniltbs and biiiler makere 

I Tbere are qoile a few angines around tbe yarda 

■ tbat bave beeti in différent wrecks this year tbat 

- neeilconHideraUe repaire, bat it aeema to keep 

I one gong pretty bniiy putting new enginee (o- 

i aethor a» (bey arrive in pairs pretty regnlar, 

1 Ihere. Wben I be. nbich baa lielped tlie shurt time eonaiderahly. 

Iield tbe iHWwl upun bia carewom face I stood We bare bad oDuaiderable newepaper talk late- 

In awB and wunder Ha the blood beoame songeai- Vabout the store department ueing np a car 

eil wlthln my Teius and like Lincoln after the load of Bllier in miatake for lead in making 

iTUel wnr wnn over. I ubudderod for tbe snfety of babbit métal. Bnt I believe tbarv Iibu beeu more 


tioDsd it in Diy IbsC letter but coula hanlly be- OWe vere imiter the imiirceilinn thiit ne were 

liste thnt tim sp^tneer of \mt cnnld not Uill eil. soins to havean aie lift to Imlp lift somi? boary 

ter trom Ipad. Ho mn/ bo mUlakea ; mea uf tpc pierea o' workto Ihe niacliinee. but aleo it 

make nustakes uid don't neein to konw It. pcored n falhiie. 

I thîiik s toromaninnlEoe a inietnko«]aaUya« Wheu tlie nuw «anerul iDansger of sliops geta 

b)i! whon bp BKpecls B boï to gn friini the biilt to il perhap* thinge will cUanup. 

natter Ui a brasB lathe tmil ilo aur job tbat u j ^j^j, j-„„ oould iiay uu a vïslc jiut before 

brouKhttoliimwithoQtBTenshowiugliimuboilt some of tlie bÎK guuB Bro eipected. Itisnotbîng 

thflruaebine. Wbila no oiie wonld hardlj be- but clean np. olean maoliinoa, hiile oU unsishtlj 

lievPit I am intorinai on the beat nutbority thingB. pilii up tlie finiahod work in tb« moat 

tliat it bas bneii dorm Iiotd. i nnâeretaiid tbat cuubuïcuous placée, nnd lliea be ciudy to «ria 

it dBpsadB altoiMtliBr upou liioiBolf if au ap- nnd smila and look pleaaed. if Ur. McConnell 

nevar make any pretonm lo aliow tbnm aof- be woitld ImïobBhelda glorioua eight; and if ho 

tbius. did not ktiow it wns ail for aiipearaDce«. lie 

Tlio Bcrap fnrnneo ia BBnLn runnina day nnd might well eiclaim that tbis is ft fine Bbopi wo 

nittbt, and «liât blackïmithe therp are liero bbodi had flïs «ogines ail roady lo be hoiatod al B sÎTen 

lo hore nU tliey ran do, while tliiogs ia tlie eignal— jnat accidentai, jon know. We bave to 

fonndryBeismiiiokiQgupBlittle, likawisointbi' hurry ail tiie tiine wîth our work; diin't think 

Tbere ia qnite an effort boins made by the 'were dirooleit prnperlr tliere would bo muro 

garaishco law vaaaod by tbe legialature of 1S89. Iwill simply mention one iastanoe and ytm 

Thés waut the opportnniCy to sua a man in and the readora of tbo Magazine eau torm jour 

lowa who liras in Sebraska or anj-where plue on own opinions. Thp carpentera wura iirdpred to 

thelineof theU. P., ïotliat tJieycan garnieheo hurryup (a atandin« ordarl , and lag the boilor 

wîtboat hia knowing anything aboiit ot Eog. tUS and put ilie cib on. But » 


Time will tell vbat oiir 

friands in the legialat 

irewilldo. IpredictlhBï 

had botter Jet hlm put in tlie flue aheiît firat; 


Hro. Kiunoï aud one 

or two othots trom thfl 

Contrai LaUir Union 

are in Lincoln norking 

Borne of the mon tbink. and are ankind enoagh 

afterthat nudolhorir 

J. B. J. 

(epellod properly with a mlB beforo it| aie in 
deadly fear ut goltiug the g. b. They think n 

amall pay roll caa sare Ihem. 


Nse,Wyo.. Fob. aa, 1«<1. 

IhareaomoTeryfioeidea» al timoa. bat they 

Ediior Maaacine: 

havu tslled so far Clirough some canse or othor. 
my last one «aa marriage; ïaa, air, I baye hoard 

1 am about to iBBVB tbia place, und dwire to 

be Magaiiiie how trailo i« 

bere. and alao gire the 

m a few hiutH abimC tlio 

connecled with Bome woalthy peoplB. Jaat think 

BlwMi.tba ruloB that 

■oyern the shop. and tho 

bow it would beuefitmolf Icouldgotndaughter. 

or siator. or a bnither-inJaw'o aUter lo Jay 

tbo eorapaas'a intereslB at tbia pomL Guuld. Ab! it makea my hoart go pnt- 

The city of Theyenne ia a dear littlo place. I WcU. I can't get ouy uf that family, so I h 

love doHr plams, wjHwially when 1 hâve got lots look lowpr; and su for a timo I Inoked car 

of money tobuy tbinge tbat neceaeaHly are dear end madp aome cloaeinquîry about the 

aocording ta tha place. mentioned relatives belonging to, firat. Ui 

Tbe pria» of elotliing and boBfd liero a» com- Pcmnell, Oion Mr, Motaheimer, and Jai 

paredwith 8t. Louis are about ai percent, more; Bhooraaker. I would be aatiafied to beloi 

tha wagoBflrcfrom 12.00 toSB.Kt for macbiniatai any of the aboyé anatocratic fomi lies, but 

othur trados the «amp, working trom nino honra ™>! la«t hopo iagone, thoy ara ail marriod. 

ta fift«en per day, and it ail dépends on the ' 
Buûle of Mr. BlioemiJtBC (a relie of the old man* 

Bgciucnt)» tflieu the overtime commencea. Man^ mon on Saturday bas been taken iiH. bnt 

of the meohanicB baye lett hors, but thon we ha™ ia bord to beliere oyerything you hoar 

Iota of boye nnd cbeap mon; some of them are point. 

that kïnd who lore to lift their bat and bow as It haa been the nsoal cnatom hore to le 
Ihey sny "Ur. Blioemakorr Euoogh for 

Now for tho «hop. It is a big ahop and in aa pranti™ boya to do it, Bavlug tbo compi 
différence botwocQ tho wagaa of tbo two. 
I intendpd to give onr ganeral fiin 

I alisht louchiugup, huti wQn'tvV-sAVi 
roilBH ftorQ\iiiteftooii,\H«.\-wOi\Msj fts« 


«^ wi *t va. W tuUii Jww 

•u miNall)' disliknl au artifiaial nuture and mtm «ntireb i 

Hb 1» aot for it, and it mnat be in tlie maoa 

iitwiMl'«u'utii, ha unrrleB fnim ane tlieir affaire, 

iif «w>^'i *U Ikdtt Iw houf», lie will tell ona xhat tariffi that bo inaoh was prc 

iiUttUt*tHuli«utKiiult»v,B(iiliriiB ÎB golng to eaniB aJl rigbt and i( it iwa uot ras 

itoUwW «iwiaM- Im ïfill tell ikll hiB oWB trii'Dds ^cBe it bas not lielped aiani. 

Oïtt W»v^ ««.«. ""ïtl""» W tha ladivid«al. „ is eflHmaWl by tha Colorado lai 

*M «« vJ KW "'■^» "'»!', M lua Portion «.th ^^^^ ^^^^ ^ ^^^^ .^^ 

I Ihiuh l< Mr, niimiiin wiiold teocb him 
iiw». IM hIm that msu waat to be treat 

n Den 
ctuallj BUfferiug tor Un 


n talkui 

iw kliKWa It atl, la nu raason that be doue. 

Ilv illunlinritccl two men trom the aliop h ah 
tlin«*1iiM bvcuuBB tbey woald noE do labor 
wnrki aCIIiDsilnie Urne Che laboiei's gan^ 
Mlka UHl'loBkfiy'a gang) wbtb langbing a 
ti>remiui trylna tu muke machiaiBts du tl 
wiirk. tireat «cbome; a'i canta par liour for la- 
liorfim «ork. Tlie fact ia when this Heneral | 
fciminnn got» mad he wanta hie own way and as 
hp 9iiyv„ ^'To h — I witJi the Company, if yoa don'r 
llkci my Btjile ga got lUQT time;" epesking of liia 
goCIing mad, lie oomea in ont uf hrnnor averj 

trylng to tlo WTong bat himself, and ha aoea the^aro hern — many irtli 

ftfonnd tho gangs inqoiringi "What are yon do- l'"''^' intanie», intunate 

mur -Whotoldïontodûthal?" "Didhetall ïadona may be obUged tt 

youlodolt that wayî" Theu lie wiU get the r!!T;,. ,___", *j'l 
gniig biiHB and bore him witb fooliuli questions 
and utter taking ii|i aonie twenty minatea' time. 

' 33 they go alniiB. 

^ thoaa who recaive 
Ferhaps onr unii 

, Bydisooteri. 
ilao the rem^y. 
I s«e by the local 

le iriU go anâ t«ll anotlier 
whom he han obtued withont reasoa), tbat i 
Uiat tool oe s gang boen didn't look after his me* 
better be woold be Ëred. and wlnile up by prom 

itilon'tnuw.ngonebplieïeBhim. Tha queatioi 

Borne «ay he is trocbled hy hia conscience; olhep 
ders laugh and poke ftin 


tabla; (or 

Ing boae; and while 1 think of 
thïnk bosaeH onght to be preTented fi 

to fnture profit by uaing it to 
1. A man's work ahould b« 

) aupply the noeda ûf mankind 
ifit as Taluable to man. A 





Borne Na» tlio whiskey ia poor on the Bonth Onr état*, legialalu™ p 

Bide. NowthathraanotbiQgtodowitb bira for tfae maRaea, (or Uie mai 

AboçitUam biatempergatabatter. On], the ^hT^KO îl'i^gTby ' 

emile la loft, and, oh, Uiat amilo! It ia aaid he j„„., ^ p rj,|jp „ , 

amileil on Mr. McConoall und Mr. MoC. bas been _,„ _ ;_ .im—. 

I, allCh 

■T JnsC aa gcod 
Boea not tba 




rsoaun ia shown in the remark of one of the bon. 

orablo (?) aenator» who repliad to a lalior repre- 

ire that McConnell and Metz- eentatire. wben eaked oa to his position on the 

>t atand anch conditiona long. employés' liability biU that is before the assem. 

X. X. ^y "I ^"i intcrcsted lo mines und an employer 

of labot, and aiy fiyrapathiea are not with the 

meaaurB." He bad taken an oatb to legialate in 

the intoreat of tlie puapleof tlie ubite. rcgariUess 

Denvbr, L'olo., Feb. Ï4, isei. of hie Personal intarests, la thcre not a aecret of 

■^. tba tronble tbereî Aa party platfoTme bave 

proren folae, wby not bave the bllls prepared, aa 

Ld for bibor hua fell ofl eTerywheta they ore wanted a» lawe, and make tha planka in 

it haa in Denïer there the platfor 

army of il 

It Bhould set man to think- subjec 

otàlltbh. It ia certainly of livebc 

juld bi 

a bill c 



for that moBeTire, just aa it road», and none 

some briitbt apirite Hmong them. They are dning 

atbet. or provlde tbat he foifeits his life if he 

wbat they esu to .«onra Uie Aostralian ballot 


«jatein in Idaho. Bro, Mnow i« doinii «ome 

full Unie bnt the majoritT are on abcnt time, 

Some of tha big-bnga mnaC heeipectoil lo-morrow. 

to-nielit. It'eaHare nigo, "furewaroed is (tiro- 

La ï A BOCK, 


The new abopa are faut gettlng intn sbapa. and 

LiHAMIE, Wj-o., Feb. 21, 1891. 

ciBasiiig at tha old «bopa. Tlie biR stadouary 


EditOT itagaiinf: 

Mcl-'onnuU waa around aboutten days ago. I 

In Laramïe them lias bnen littlorhangesince 

bopsbBrowaUtheneBdedimproTemonto. MeU- 


boiiner irau witb hiai and certainly was abJo U> 

EÎHbt boure and fiie on Batnrday ia tbe laleat 


beeu cœploïed, and re-omployed. 

Mr. McConnaU pdased Ihrougb, bat did not 

X. X. X. 



EngineaSlO.roSaDd 871 are iu tlie abope for 

Olemms Fkbbt. Feb. llth. 1S9J. 

repnirB, witb annmbeis nnUtfor eervice on the 

Edilor Maaaiine: 

George Harrin met with a wtioua awident by 

Jnat a tew linee to lot you know I am loofcing 

bcing Btmck in the eye with a brasa oliip nnd 

Qlenna Fofry aeenm to hava improved during 

Ur. Hnll in tbe ronnd honae had hii le^ badl; 

hnrt more than a week ago ; he ia not aUo to l» 

beao long looked for, waa opened last week. It 

Bboot yet. 

ia fiïed up m good ahapa. No« the boys cannot 

UnoleTommy Komia baa been qoite aick bnt is 

nr they bave nowliere to go. but the poker game 

improving agaïn. Tharo hvi bceo a great doal ot 

eickneBBtbiawinterin Laramie compared with 

I hâve baan watching some of them for years, 

and Ifailtoseeanyof them gettiug rich at it. 

Thia Beeme to be an off year for eminent men 

ThetinbomaknowJuÉthowtobleedtbem. They 

aie the œen that want to Btrike ail tbe time and 

firat rate myaelf, but atill my wife insista on 

couldnotBtand two houre.foc they bd;ui debt (or 

Iheir board from munth to month. It la painful 

with the increasmgmortBlity among that claaa 

of people I feel that I can't afford to ail.™ It to 

tbeir ehUdran going to Bcbool in »int«r«ith 

lapse jnat yet 

■CBTcely elotbea enoiwh to cotot their poor litOe 
obildren of tbe bbIood keeper mU9t be looked 

Our "city dada" are wreatling with the tramp 
prablem ; the maiebal reported tbat a tew daya 
ago he Bttempttd to arreat three of them.— for iu 

ingraanschUd. I think tliey wiU make yary 
poor nien and women if lire do not look aftar 
them when they are yonng. Parent» ehonJd be 
Tery carefnl with their chiMren, for a pebble un 

Wyoming whan a man baa no money or work he 
ia in tbe eyes of tbe law a criminal~bn( they 
rotuaod to be eaptnrod until tliey got throngli de- 

the Boom bed may bend the giant oak forever. 

TbeCaJiformalegialatnrehaa ]uat had a bill 

Wall. I WiU drop ChiB anbjoct and corne to tbe 

introdnceiJ, called a tramp law. wliieh if paased 

will Bllow no ooe to paaa throngh tliat atata on 

laeathcy hrtfC atarted to overhnul englnnB. 

omingwemightbeadaorae off, bnt the avBfage 
tramp could beat this law by riding ina Pullman 
Rar, or bring plenty of money. The beat way to 

tbatSFill help tbe Ferry, for engine No. B70 ia 
eetting fiied up again in good ehaiw. 

I xraa in tbe round honae the other (iay, and I 

abate tbe tramp ia not lo haïe any. The neit 

beat way wonld be for our boani ot trado to toke 

Jim makBB a yery good boBB, he and the bore 

downaiBIgeaign witb ail the alale'a reeourcea 

getalongwell. Hodomnnt pot on kid glotea 

and walk tbo githâ by tha rivet, for he would 

pnpers to tell tbe plain tmlb inalead ot eiagHer- 

lathat ga toc mail. 

atingthe gold mining and other booma, which 

I went np lo tbe K. of L. meeting the other 

ni^t. They bave good locetinga nnd there are 


or fiBbingaWmi«w\iiBB.cmijiea.'\fl «<îa»ï-Bas»i*- 



Laraiiiip Imn m™ u Oiini paris orfpmimliou party at the ncat eleotitin. s« lofetinufi ate heldS 

knovniBa tLeF(.<opIi«pBrty, The increoBed cir- at Winalow'B store. 

culatioD of a t^Ioss uf papers thnt aro fasl (Ue- We ure 5liU on « lioure peildaj' and no vork Ul ] 

i>lsdns Uifi monniHilï nheets i» tb« titinciiiol Satncilaj. 
caoBe. It in runjorod ttbaut tlmt iliay are worltim 

Borne iHipera are leillng their reoders the new houra par day at CheyeDDf!. New we wuuld like 1 

moTemeot wilJ mnoant U> nothiim, bemai» tho la knov it tUis ia tme If it ia, wliat's Uie Dial(« 

meinber» of the nsw party ara ail "diaenuragnd with Evanelonî 

and womoat politicians," but tUose whu know Si'iTy '.o intiina Ihe readens of the MnnaiïDB o 

the peoiile don't beljeve it, tliedesth ut Wm, Tovivn, tlie niglil machiuiBt 

Tod's)etIerwiuimi«sedlllstliionth. I lioi>u aU Se tell tmm tiiellank after Diins the valva 

wiUconlJDiMtbeircommaniuuIiuas as tlie; lire nnd died tcini.da) b atter. Ile leaveg three bnyï 

mostly read. tomotmi bis luss. He OBrriod n piillcj in tlu 

"I)1acktimitli"BhoDldwrileot(en«hilatlieBpirit Standard tor $ï,MO. whieh wlli be a great help tl 

LanKUBBeonil i^rtunniariireKOod, and 1 know chCHP map. It ie (loor encouragmiinl Ui □□ 
nt no belter way to aequire UiB uee of both thnn boys who ara leatniua iradea. A wink uuBht t 

Evc'rivurkmgmen'B orRonizatïonahouldhaTe if tbejr gave it a Ihought ItiHt there Ib a Boale 

a cÎTcnlating litmr; of good cbeap lilsratnre. yroBeit for innclÙDÏetB. whicb is K).^ per daf, ho- 

•rbe editore and pnbliHhvrs at refomi literttlnre otber clBSseaof work BocordinKlj-. I eould tell ] 

bave (00 long been compelled to sentier tha pro- yon a great deal inore. 

ductotlbatrlaborwithontreDUmeratiDn among The UominK ^tar Lodge No. SS. S. of L, F„ I 

the alaTea of the variouB «opentltionB tbtit aro are giiiag to Imld tlipir «rend bail in Ibo 0| 

beingtanghl. We havesnperstition in politioal Hoqsb on the £«. Wb wieh T,l»m shocbm. 

coonnmynf everydeerriplion. Wu bavait in tha Ehflov 

médical and leRnI profwBione, in raoner, in 

land, in proleclion, and frea trade, in tha wb«b. Tkkoa, Wnsb., Feb. 31. IfH 

and bankiug ayntflm; in franchiBee to onrpors- Eintor Uagaiine: 

tionB, and (he syatem of Uïation, and others too Atlpreseut Ihe farmEra are jabilant ovar ail 

QomeronB to meotioQ. anow.we'have beeu gettins for tliu last tliroe 

WearealwaïB sboutiiiB lo tbe lollerB abont woeks, as it is sure to beneflc the ground for neit 

potroniiing the eapitaHatic pnppts. Bnt help aummBT'Borop, botJim and Johnni- (thebig J'a) 

thom to an opportonitï to read othera and ïou don't feelso g«od.aa thofarmers : notbocause o( i 

will Boon notP the change. Don't bccoma dis- tbo snow, which Îb trying to blockadetbaroad. 

oom-nged if thej don't bwomo convinced by but beeausa of tbe rhnnge at headquartera, bï it 

reading the flTBt paper; ail ot uh, haro to take ig sora to btingothec cbanges along the road. 

more Ihan one leason to thonraghly niideretand a J„hnny is eapeciaUy feeliug bad bccaase bis by- 

newaubjeot. word haa been contradieted. Ontheand, Johnny 

We bave sent for 200 Saven-8ho€)ter8— only $5 and Frad., a young muahinisl, got arguiug about 

B hundred— wlth which lo convart tha members a job. Johnny was getting tbe woret of it; ao ha 

of the obi Siomese Twîqb, the Democratio and t^mk to his îjy word : " If yon don't lîke it, yoa 

RepubUcan parties; tlio Soven-aiooter is a pam- eau cjuit," Bnt Jobnny forgot that Fred waa not 

phlet by Mra. 8. K V. EnaBrï, puliliBbed by H. & marricd t« the Bhop nor^had a family to keep in 

L. Vincert, Winfield, Kansas. enUtlod "The TekoB. So Fred promptly puHed off hia overalte 

Seveo fireat Conepiracies AgttinBt the Bovam- and went tolhiB loom ,to prépare loleavetown; 

ment." Send ten oenla for a single copy. read it, tut as there îb no maohinist bera looking for a 

andeierciBeyour mental facnlties, This la the jnb and Jim not having a friend on thovruj to 

s^"'*" "f TekoB to tBkp Fred'B place, he «eut for Fred and 

Civis AMïEicist-B. got him to go bock lo work in spileof Johnny. 

week. Some of the boys thought he was dis- 
chargod, bnt faowaver, be is bnck again, but not 

Sinre tlte lest letter Ibera lias been a little lieart. Johnny used to 'aay it was nccording to 

In the flrst place our laie postmaater nnd edi- Flasterera and curpenlers hâve been working 

tor ot the Xewe bas départ»! for parla unknowu on the interior of tbe oompnoy'a reading-room ; 

leaving agréât many creditorsto mourn hlsloBa. the fnmitura is oalsida in botes, but when tha 

Tbe Eïsnslon bnuiob of the Farmera Alliance room wiU,be open for nac we dun't know. 

is no« tnlly organised with Major J. C. Witmlow H. 

as preaident ; Oarratt O'Neal, Becrelary. and A. S. 

Hare, Ireasiirer. It ia tearfid this orgnniiatiou Several Ipiiith received too late lo pnblish. 

rnjiriokB s Berh.uB bn-nch in Iho Ocmofratic Ed. 

KyAsbton. Wyo., Feb. 22, ISfll. 


P The ani 


APRIL, 1891. No. 

MOB LAW, .wliy justice ever fails by the use 
of provided methoils. 

The animal natures of niankiiid The civilized world has been 

are mnoh the same, civilization ef- etartled beeause of the action of 

fects it bat little. Under eimilar the mob at. New Orléans; some 

circumstances the acta of bu- meu accused of evil doing were 

manity are similar whether they massacred in the jail. The law 

represent the élite or the " ragtag machine failed to accomplish what 

andbobtail." The only différence appears to hâve been the popular 

there ia displayed ia the construc- will and anarchy, temporally, took 

tion put on the ai'.ta by différent its place, "the law had heen out- 

peraona. There ia truth in the raged" in acquit! u g the accuaed, 

adage. " It makea a différence ao common an event that it is 

whoae ox is goaded. " The human étrange that it would cause a pass- 

race are inconsistant in theîr ing notice. Probably a large ma- 

jndgement therefore, " compari- jority of the " leading newspa- 

sona are odions." The enforce- pers " of the country hâve jueti- 

ment of " Mob Law" ia justifiable lied, "under the circumatances " 

when the end sought meeta their the people of New Orléans, who 

apprpval. Analyze the fire in the are describedas " lawyers, " " doc- 

fumaee and that in the conflagra- tors, " " marchants, " and "profes- 

tioh buming a city and no dif- aional" and we can add "goody 

ference will be found. Neither goody" people generally. Aclasa 

will there be found in an analyaîs of people the " leading news- 

of law euforced by judge and jury papers " generally favor. The 

and the law enforced by a mob, London Tiines s&yB: "It ia very 

both eminate from the same well to reprobate a reaort to vio- 

aource, the will of a people, in lance, but in such circumstances 

both cases the etfect as a whole as thèse iclmi way is ihere for 

are notalways désirable. ciiKUiciputinji the community from 

If mob law at times is justifiable an infulevabhi tyranny except to 

under certain circumstances it is resort to violence, " the Times ia 

JTiatifiable at other times when the noted for its libéral and demo- 

circumstances are similar, when cratic tendencies, when its " goody 

the ends sought are the same. goody" people want it. There 

StOl, thoae who will approve it at was certainly none of the " ragtag 

one time will not at another. It and bobtailed" about that New 

ia well to consider wliy the diffe- Orléans crowd, if there was tlie 

rence, it may develop the reaaon fact bas beeii d^a^ciaRA. 'X}ts.<sî 


were a elasa that evidently could atter diaregard for moral respon- 
justly feel outraged, they were sibility, withont the alightest pr&. 
capable of that quality, the excuse texfc for so doîug they fire into 
was, the lives of othera were aot masses of unarmed men and help- 
safe. If it had been done by any less wonien and children, killiug 
other claes judgemeut must haye and crippling aud then defy the 
been différent, for has it not al- authorities who corne in the iianie 
ways been made to appear bo by of justice to arrest them. Is such 
the "leading newspapers?" "moblaw" or auy other kind ? 

Let us cousider another case of Has ever one snch, withiu the con- 
outraged justice of which no ques- fines of the United States been 
tioii eau arise. A body of work- puniahed? The justice mill seenia 
men, the piilars of the nation, a to hâve iuvariably failed, andwaa, 
clasa on which ail prosperity of justice outraged then? If ao, little , 
the nation dépends, are compelled was ever ieard of it, at leaat 
to work in the most degraded con- through the "leading newspapers." 
ditions for which they receive not Nor will the cases compare as> 
enough to supply the necessitiea to the extent of the outrage. At 
of life, life reckleaely endangered New Orléans a single man was 
each day and thousands of others shot dovTU, true, in a cowardly 
a little better otf liable to bave to way, but he was armed aud known 
snbmit to the same fate, analogoua to be armed by his assailauts, and 
with the former case. In the nsed them as best he couid in his 
name of justice thia condition défense. The assassina are brought 
ahould be improved, but justice to trial. It îs claimed a corrupted 
fails to do it, the justice machine jury acquited them, but why were 
ia not working on that lead; they they corrupted? Was it not the 
strike, they try to bring what reault of conditions thèse same 
power they know how to command " goodygoody " people hâve insti- 
to force it to work in their behalf ; tuted when it was in their favor ? 
they go into it, not with a view of Is there uot now a "goody goody" 
wreeking vengeance on the help- person, a United States Senator 
less, but against a powerful heart- from Colorado that boasta he can 
less adversary who profits by their bny ail the votes he wants ? What 
dégradation and by acts of in- doea a juryman do but vote? If 
justice to them. They resort to it is right to buy why not to sell 
no violance, they respect the ex- the vote? If one case it causes 
isriug laws, even thongh they be a justice to be outraged why not in 
faetor in causing the injustice, but the other. If United States Sen- 
what an "outrage" they commit atora can buy or sell votes why 
by acting thua, accordîng to the not any one? 

"leading newyiapBrs " of the If the "good" people of New 
Times atamp. How they love to Orléans wiahed only justice set 
suggest a diet of lead ii' place of right, why did they not hang or 
bread; Ah, but they are not the shoot the jury and the lawyers 
"goodygoody" people! Is that that defended theaccused, for they 
the reaaon? The "goodygoody" were an élément iu causing jus- 
people are interested with their tice to be "outraged, " 
opponents. They are the "ragtag In the other case it is not one 
and the bobtailed. " man ehot down but hundreds put 

There appears on the seen to a slow death including helpless 
beings armed for war, reaponsible women and children and too under 
to no known anthority but their conditions that are seen to grow 
employers, beiug chosen for their worse, with every indication that 


p- ■ 


it will so continue unlesa hernie Spriii{jr3 in 1886, and now the At- 

effnrta are made to cbeck it; con- torney General of the United 

ditioii more horrible than any StateseaystliattheNewOrleanBaf- 

qnick deathcouldposBibly be. The faii-is of the same character, if bo 

proYocations for the resort to mob ought not the same condenination 

law at New Orléans are as nothing be placed on those who took part 

as compared to the provocations iu it as it was at Kock Springs? 

that thousands havG in the nation If. according to law the Chicago 

to resent continuai outrages to anarchlsts were j'ustly condemued 

justice. What comparison iâ there for the death of men who were in- 

between the alleged cause at New nocent, according to law, then, ac- 

Orleans and the known cause cording to law the leaders of the 

against the Pinkertona and those New Orléans anarchists should be 

who employ them, &s at East St. likewise dealt with for the death, 

Xiouis, Jersey City, Albany and iinder similar circu ma tances of 

many other places. If there is pei-aons who were innocent, ac- 

one reason why the New Orléans cording to law. If it is not so 

people were j'ustilied in attackiug done in the latter caae, becauee it 

helpleas men confined in jail, there would not be j'ust then it was not 

is a thousaud and one reasons why just in the formercase. No amount 

the whole people ahould not ariee of argument eau prove a différence 

in their wrath because justice was in the cases. Tfae only différence 

outraged and destroy the life of possible would be in showing the 

every Piukei-tou cutthroat as wejl différence in the classes the leaders 

as those who were responsible for belong to, but justice aud law 

or connected with their employ- should not recognize classes, 
ment, for a remedy, in this we Thousands oflives are heartless- 

agree with the London J'iiues. ly sacrificed every year because of 

We do not beleive, in mak- defective machinery aud improper 

ing "flesh of one and fish of appliances and the law does noth- 

another. " If it is jnstice that ing to stop the injustice. It is 

puts men in prison for conspiracy nothing less then murder under 

who hâve gone on strike, who are such circumstances and it goes 

striving to get juatice that the law right along and can be expected to 

mills haye aiways failed to do or if some other force then what bas 

provide a means for, then it will been used does not preveut it. It 

be only justice to punish thewhole is not an isolatod case like that at 

20,000 people, who it is said march- New Orléans. Would it be jus- 

ed to the New Orléans jail, for tîfiable to reeort to mob law to 

conapiracy to murder and for mur- satisfy outraged justice in that 

der, for that same majestic law case? It is certainly a greater 

that applied in one caae when poor outrage then the other if the ex- 

humanity was atriving for justice, tent o£ the iujury done is to be 

that law failed to give, would ap- considered and for which there 

ply in the other to greater puniah- seems to be little or no remedy at 

ment, for in the latter case the law. 

poor wretches confined in the New We ueither condemn nor uphold 

Orléans jail had been deolared in- the New Orléans anarchista. It 

nocent by that same majestic law; was the aame caiises acting on 

there is leas escuge for a snmmary them that bas cauaed the masses 

act when there is a remedy at law to rise in their might many times 

then where there is none. and will again, but which the 

The "leading newapapers" con- " leading newspapere " aiways 

demned the Ohiueae riots at Rock condemii. TVei îW.'UiT.ï,, \wR-iv-;'f,, 



etc., are made of no différent dirt and dearest to them, sacrificing 1 
than otlier people nor ahould they comforts that they miglit hâve I 
be JTistified or condemned any otherwise enjoyed, for men and 
quicker, uuless it can be shown womeu wîth auch minds and cour- l 
that they knew better. If the law âge, i£ used purely for Beifîah ends 1 
machinery will uot effect tbe pro- would invariable fare "better tlien 
per résulta than the original créa- tbe rabble uuder any social condi- 1 
tors of the law must step in and tiou. It is not tbe weaklings that 
by some method do it. Reason thus exert thernselvea, or the in- ] 
schooled in thia laat décade of the ferior workmen, if the latter ever '< 
nineteenth century ought to be do anything that appeare in that 
able to do it without niob violence, direction or in ite name it ie to 
If it cannot it simply indicates fortify class at the espense of 
that some wheels must be added otbers, preventing others acquir- 
to onr boasted machine we call ing knowledge and then hold them 
civilization, and, untU that is done down beeauae they hâve not. 
some hitches wil! be encountered. Christ waa crucified and the 
_______^___ rabble rejoiced, for they knew not 

THE UKPOPULARITV OF «AN'S ^J^^^% iT.taS'/STo.t"»" 

BENEFACTORS, Phillips waa hooted and despised, 

John Brown was hung. The sign- 

Men and women of to-daj who ers of the Déclaration of Indepen- 
are opposing esisting abnses, who dence and the leaders nf the revo- 
are atriving to atir the masses to lution, thatescapeddeathinbattle, 
action in their own behalf, urging wonld bave ended Hfe on the ecaf- 
them to throw off that which is fold in disgrâce had they failed, 
oppressing them, aiding them to and outaide of their comparatively 
acq^uire the knowledge to gain and amall patriot foUowing, they were 
mamtain a better existence, that despised, tories were on every side, 
their children may not hâve to yet what they did waa for ail hu- 
encounter the difficultiea and tyr- manity that wished to accept it. 
anniea they hâve or be in danger The descendents of thoae whodes- 
of being forced into the misérable pised and did ail they eonid to 
conditions that disgrâce our civi- destroy them, enjoy the reaults of 
lization on every hand— for none tbeir efforts, and honor their 
can with truth say that their chil- raemory. Voltaire found a cell in 
dren are absolutely safe from them the bastile, yet France and the 
— are not the ones that are receiv- world enjoy» the harvest from the 
inghoQor, encouragement or even seed he sowed and the older hia 
respect from those they wonld aid, memory grows the more lasting 
and they need not expect it. If will be the monuments raised to 
any respect ia ahown them it him. Timea corrects errors. 
comes from those who are the It would seem from judging by 
enemies of the masses. tbe facts the past offers ns, that 

Tet, it is to auch unselfiah men i£ the minority had always ac- 
and noble woman that mankind quiesced in the expressed wiah of 
owea ail it enjoya over the most tbe majority, whose ery generally 
deepotic and brutal conditions is " let well enough alone" we 
known to hnmantty. They bave would still be surrouuded much 
represented the nobUity of man, as aboriginal man waa. Whîle in 
followed the dictâtes of their cona- tbinga temporal it appeara neces- 
cience ofteu nnder the scom and sary to consider the majority right, 
tûimts of those who are nearest it aiso appears ueceseary that the 


minority continue to urge their It is not to be wondered at that 
views until they become the ma- the maesea attempt to check them. 
jority or the fallacy of them be The prevailing idea is to profit 
proveii, advance is only made thiis, at some one elsee espense. 
time must .be had to prépare the Labor organizations are a uecee- 
way for every step, or society uity, simply beeause society is as 
wonld not long exiet eithor in good, it is. They do a permanent good 
bad, or indiffèrent conditions. only inasmuch as they remove 

Those seeking reEorms in our frora men the disposition toward 
présent social conditions are doing canîbalism — esisting at the down- 
80 for the good of ail, but they are fall or misfortune of another — 
in the minority and for that reason how well they consider the welf are 
little respect ia shown them, by o£ humanity not class, their suc- 
the time a majority is supporting cese will dépend on the breath of 
their TÏews, they will hâve passed the principles of those composing 
away, honor will then be freely them. To one closely investigat- 
given their memory. Yet how ing this there comes the atartling 
much greater the aatisfied cons- révélation that very few join iabor 
cieuciousness of such in ending organizations purely froni priu- 
Uf e to their oppositea in character. ciple, there is no principle in being 
They pass away knowing that they a member beeause aome one elee 
hâve done their duty, they hâve is, to so many there ie only a nar- 
done their best to leave the world row selfish end in view, on the 
better thau they found it. They amount of retum to them in dol- 
have but few abuses, they hâve lars and cents they judge of its 
Tinwittingly helped to establish, to siicceas or failure, any one that 
regret for. In persistantly urging wou!d look to auy resuit beyond 
men to nobler purposes in life they that would be a " crank, " wouldbe 
hâve most often beeu classed as without honor. The weakness o£ 
"cranta, " "peculîarpeople" "ex- labor organizations is thus de- 
centric " if not given a name with monstrated, it is weakened becauae 
more odium attached to it, and so many seek to put a small 
simply beeause they did not agrée amount in aiid take a large amount 
with the prevailing selfish idea out, temporal benefita are eought 
that a man élevâtes himself at the rather then permanent, advocates 
expense of those arouud him, — of true reform hâve the permanent 
a specie of canibalism. good in view and is the reason 

Where the niasses are held, by they are unpopular until results 
fact of ignorance of their rights as are seen which is often af ter their 
liuman beinga, in abaolute subjec- death. 
tion to the will of the few; little ^^^^^^^^^_ 

:Lîlf lprr'è;B?d ""ÏSor'^ce' ""LITICAL «ETHODS A«D THE 
makea the masses docil and unam- HOSPITAL DEPARTMENT. 

bitious. At timea a little lîght ' 

«omes in and then often there ia Politicians, in their struggle for 
seen a rush to the other extrême, office, hâve used every meana at 
the right of each other are dis- their commandto break down their 
regarded or trampled under foot, opponents and secure the prize. 
one condition ia as bad aa tbe There hâve beeu uo demarkation 
other. that they were in honor bound to 

Every social reform is directed recognize. Falsehood and cou- 
against auch conditions, to create tumely hâve been their moat com- 
"* hrotherhood not to aid canibalism. rnool^ iisïA "«ea.'çis'ûSi- 'Svi m.'s^ 


hâve the public become to it, that private practice worth $60,000 per an- 

it is accepted as what is to be ex- ^^^; Notwithstanding this fa<ît he 

^^^i.^-1 Qi •i» n j continues to draw a pnncely salary 

pected. So long as it is confined from the money contributed by each 

to politics it IS gnnned at, and employé for simuler overseeing, or if 

given but a passing notice. It is ail what is told or him is true, might be 

a part of the fight and "ail is fair ^^^gf ^ ^ ër hos^^U^l''^" ^^^ business 

in politics," to such a state has ^ . 5 enver ospi • 

^^^'^i.'.^r. A^\. ^ «4.^^ • A few days ago aconductor (Thomas 

pohtics degenerated. Douglas) was bidly injured in a wreck 

Jrersonal abuse and misrepre- east of Denver and was taken to the 

sentation does not hâve the effect hospital in what was supposed to be a 

it did when first adopted, it has be- ^JÎ^S condition. He was taken toone 

^^w, ^ 4.^^ . ^^ 1 i. 1. -u of the wards and it is said was not given 

corne too common, but, when such p^oper médical attention for about ten 

methods are resorted to in private hours, which we présume to mean that 

aflFairs or those that do not par- they were waiting to see if he would 

take of a political nature, it is en- ^ ^nd thus save any further trouble. 

i^ -^^ ^^S ^ ^ . ^ j -1 • i.- The good sisters did ail that they could 

termg new ground and it is time but they cannot attend to crushed skulls 

to call a hait, or where is the place without assistance. Douglas is a popu- 

so sacred that it will not enter. lar employé, and the whole fratemity 

There are those who evidently y®^® mterested in the case. The third 

i^i» ^ .1 I iv^ . *i day after he had been taken to the hos- 

belle ve that the management of pi^i ^ conductor, a<îcompanied by a 

the attairs of a great railroad sys- mutual friend, called on Dr. Lyman, 
tem should be conducted the same the assistant surgeon, and enquired as 
as a political machine and that the ^ bis condition and what the prospects 

same methods should be resorted rw"oi?lb\YrSif?e%':^i;Jfotr 
to; that when a change of manage- and as to his condition said, **I really 
ment takes place, the "spoils" cant say as I hâve not been over to the 
should be divided up. Since the hospital today, and I don^t know 

^i.«,.^,. ^f ^«,^™^^4. 4.1,^ whether the chief has or not.'^ Now, 

change ot management on the g^^h a condition of aflFairs as stated may 
Union Ji'acitic there hâve been bea satisfactory arrangement for the 
those who hâve been setting their physicians and surgeons of the hospital 
traps to catch the position of department of thelJnion Pacific but it 
r* i» mi- j. -u le not to the employés, and if it is not 

chief surgeon. There must be a gtoppedat once^a committee will be 
vacancy betore the position is sent to Omaha and a change demanded. 
attainable, to arrange that, the Another incident showing what ten- 
eflPorts hâve been first directed. der solicitude is given injured employé» 

Tlio Rnihrnit Nf^^r<i 7?Pr^nrfpr ^^ ^^^ ^^® ^^ ^^^ conductor and 
lue uauuay l\ens Iteporter, brakeman who were hurt about noon 

ot Umaha, has undertaken to and who arrived in Denver at 6:16 

support a candidate for the po- the same day. The chief surgeon' s of- 

sition of chief surgeon of the fice was notified to meet them at the 

TT^;^^ T>««;fi^ ^^A ir.^T^r^r. 4^4^ „ ., ^ traiu, but no one came. At 9 o'clock at 

Union Pacific and brmgs mto use ^,^^1,^' 3^,, employé incidently learned 

the most contemptable political that the company surgeons had not, up 
methods — misrepresentation. In to that time, visited the patient, so he 
the issue of February 28th, the went and secured the services of an out- 
*^ii^,^,*^^ «4^^r.«ir ™«« ,^«^^ ^J 4.1.^ side nhysician. Ifeitherof thèse men 
following attack was made on the ^^ -^^^^ ^^om lack of attention, is it 

présent management ot the hos- necessary to ask who would hâve been 
pital department: responsible ? " 

//While there is no doubt of the r^he utter falsity of this whole 

abilitv of some of the surgeons con- ^ ^^^v^^ ^^ o ty ^ c» 

nected with the Union Pacific hospital report exposes the motive. We 

department, there is no doubt but what hâve taken spécial pains to investi- 

injured railroad men hâve been neg- gâte this alledged neglect and know 

l?«^Hn« ^^^hf 1*1^^^^^ that it is a lie out of whole cloth. 

practice might be kept up. This is es- x-w -t^j» *ro j m i .i 

pecially true of ChiefSurgeon PfeiflFer, Dr Pf eiffer went personally to the 

of T>enver. It is said that he has a wreck where conductor Douglas- 



wasinjured, on the relief train that visited one of them within fif teen 
left Denver within a short time minutes after he had reached 
after it took place and took charge home. The référence to the 
of the injured and their case at the large private practice of Dr. Pf eif- 
hospital after bringing them there. fer, while in one sensé a compli- 
The foUowing extract f rom a ment to him, for the gênerai pub- 
report in one of the Denver dailies lie do not seek a man extensively 
will throw some light on the extent unless he has ability, is exaggera- 
of Douglas' s injuries and how he tion and is shown on the face of it, 
is progressing toward recovery : f ew physicians in the world hâve a 

"Conductor Douglas, whose skuU private practice of $60,000 per 

was so badly fractured in the Union yeai* and there are none m Denver. 

Pacific wreck at Brighton two weeks The motive is plain enough for the 

ago is now ont of danger and will publication of such maliciously 

make a T)eriect recovery. He has been j i , , . rni ^r 

under the care of Dr: O. J. Pfeiffer, ^ ^^se statements. The News - 

chief surgeon of the Union Pacific sys- Reporter is advocating the ap- 

tem at the comçany hospital in this pointment of Dr. W. J. Galbraith 

^P:„ The morning of the wreck Dr. ^f Qmaha, for chief surgeon. We 

Pfeiflrer brought the miured employés r .i:- . - 4. t\ 

to the UnionT>acific hospital and oper- ^^ve nothing to say agamst Dr. 

ated on them in tum. Examination of Galbraith as a physician, but it he 

Conductor Douglas revealed the fact is cognizant of the efforts of his 

thatthescalphad been tornfrom the sponsor, which smacks of pot- 

nght side of the head; that the skuU i^ 'i..- j j^^ 4. il.i„ 

hf^ been fractured anà the fragments ^^^^e politics, and does not openly 

had been driven in upon the brain. denounce such methods, we hâve 

The fragments of bone were removed no hesitancy in saying that he 

and the profuse bleeding from large proves himself not only unfit to 

ruptured artenes, which foUowed, was ^n i.* i. i, ui^ « *^ «^«^^ 

8t<Spped by packing gauze and sponges ^^^ «o high, honorable and respon- 

between the inside of the skull and the sible position as chief surgeon, but 

brain. A light dressing was applied. also that of a division surgeon. 

The sponges were removed on tlie fol- Charges of neglect hâve been 

SLr^^J Seul innTde'^ln^S^^ mad/agamst nea^rly every surgeon 
interrupted recovery, the only bad on the System, mcJudmg Dr. Gal- 
symptoms having been a moderate de- braith, many of thèse charges hâve 
grée of fever and a slight headache du- been just and the evils hâve been 
nng the first few days." corrected and will be wherever 

This does not indicate that he they can be sustained. 
has been neglected or denied the When the organization this 
best surgical skill, and he un- magazine represents first came in- 
doubtedly will be personally heard to existence on the Union Pacific 
from when he is able to get ont. System, in 1884, one of the first 

The alledged neglect of the con- questions to receive its attention 
ductor and brakeman, proves on was the hospital department. The 
investigation to be a case of two writer of this was one of a com- 
men slightly injured who went di- mittee to investigate the main hos- 
rect to their homes on arriving at pital, and wrote the report which 
Denver, and the reason a surgeon was printed and sent over the sys- 
did not meet them at the dépôt tem. We feel sick every time we 
was the failure of the train des- call to mind what we discovered 
patcher to report the time of their there. Unless an employé wentto 
arrivai or where they wished to be the hospital he got no attention, 
transferred and the report sent in- and none went there if there was 
ferred that they were but slightly any alternative. Things hâve im- 
injured, which, in fact, was the proved smee Wi^w^ \}^ *^^ X^xiô^î^i^ 
<5ase, hut as it was, Dr. Lymau Pacî&c caii \)oa^\i ol "^^ ^çc^^'^^» 


railroad hospital System in the separate from the gênerai System, 
world. This is not saying that it and is under the management of 
canuot be improved, or complaint the coal superintendent, as it is 
made against it, for it is a question run it is a fraud on the men, and 
if anything can be so good that no at some places they hâve been 
complaint cannot be made against compelled to assess themselves in- 
it, but it is saying much for the dépendent of the Company assess- 
management of the chief surgeon ment in order to hâve any real be- 
under whose direction it was thus nefit. It indicates what the gen- 
improved. When he took charge eral System would be if managed 
in the fall of 1884, he told a com- in the same way. 
mittee of the employés, of which ^^^^^^^^^_ 

the writer of this was one, he rm. t i x . • ^ i- i 
would endeavor to make the money ,. T^e slightest international ques- 
they paid into the hospital f und of ^'^'^ *^^* anses is made the basis 
some service to them and extend ^«"^ f ^}\ about war. Many men 
it usef ulness as rapidly as pos- ^^® fpolish enough to express the 
gj]^lQ ^ •' ^ opinion that a war would be a 

He did as he said he would do "S°?^ t^i?g•" I* ^«"l^ J^.^\^ 

and the employés of the Union business lively. Does the think- 

Pacific hâve been benefitted and ]fS «tizen reahze that for ail the 

owe to him in justice to resent the .}'''^^y business he or his poster- 

attacks directed against him. Let 1*^ Tî«* J^y ^«^ T^\ » ^«^^ ^•^- 

it not be said t£at they cannot t®"^®?*-' Pj"^/ » *ool or a knave 

appreciate a good tum. would wish for a war. The money 

We do not believe in the justice lor®'^^ °i *^® ^'^''^^ «S?^*^® <??«s 

of compulsory assessments for the ^^° P^^^^* ^^ ^»^- ^.^^ . ^"^"^ê: 

maintenance of a hospital départ- «^*^^®^ ™,T® ^»'" *^ ^^ ,'° ^"^P" 

ment, we are not socialists enough Pfessing the masses. As long as 

for that, but it is an expédient **^®y «^| ^^}^ *° create wars, they 

that is not easily avoidable by the ^""^ ^»*® ^'"^"^ ^^^ démocratie 

substitution of a better one, it is ^^^\ ^t_ « -n i j 

better than weekly and monthly ^What the masses of England, 

subscription papers for aid of Gernmny and the United States 

some unfortunate and does not ^^l" t^e most to fear in the future 

cost as much to those that are ^^, *^^* *îî® monied aristocracy will 

libéral minded. The fact that the P^°P *^^®°i ™*?,» ^^^ that wiU 

présent System has been kept near Ç^^^^ or destroy the advance they 

what it was intended to be is ail Jl»^® "^-^^ }J^ *^«" own emancipa- 

that makes it tolerable. No such ^^°'^- , ^^ ^'^} ^ ^^e last desperate 

institution will stand the experi- 1?^°^^ *» «*«!? *^e tendencies of 

ments and ups and downs of rail- *^^ »&«; ,^ Workmgmen should 

road management; it has no con- ne ver let the patriotic cry blmd 

nection with such, it is solely of f"^"^ *'?™ l°o^i°g .^«.1°^ *^« «"'^- 

interest to the employés and not ^«® ^^. \^«™ ^^^ it is necessary 

the stockholders. If improved at The aristocracies of the world 

ail in its relations to the employés Ti?"^^^ ^^^^}^ ''"''^ ^^ ^^''' *^^* 

it must be in the direction of *^®^^ position might be more 

placing its gênerai management f «"«• ^ompel them to do the 

in their hands. It will never be fig^ting and there would be no 

by resorting to the slimy methods ^^^' 

of politicians. The employés of ^^^^^''^^^^^^ 

the coal department hâve a hos- " Deal with every person as if 

_pJ/a} assessment but it is managed you expected to see him again." 



It iç a sure sign that working- them out. A like state of affairs 
men are on the road to a better- exists among other occupations, 
ment of their condition when they The labor problem, as it eflFects 
are heard discussing their aflPairs humanity, is not being aided to a 
in connection with political ques- solution by such condition. Those 
tions that hâve been barred f rom whobelieveitdoeshaveonly tocon- 
labor organizations. The labor sider China to be convinced to the 
movement is a political movement. contrary. There, class union has 
The member of a labor organiza- about reached the idéal as to num- 
tion sinks to the level of a scab, or bers and ground covered. But 
indicates that at heart he is a scab, one opposes the other in securing 
when he hobnobs with and assists the object and forces are in equi- 
in acts indicative of political cor- librium. A greater number would 
ruption with a scab. An élection be benefited in the end if there was 
always develops some queer com- no organization under such cir- 
binations and exposes the real cumstances. No labor movement 
character of many. can be considered as having a pos- 

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ sibility of success that has not in 

its plan the carrying forward and 

Some people are always asking upward ail of humanity. The 
why labor oraganizations do not doser it comes to this and the 
do more. Difficiences in this di- more hands and heads it has pul- 
rection are always pointed out as ling in that direction the greater 
an excuse for not joining by those results seen. Ail will not be ac- 
outside of them, or those who drop complished in a génération, conse- 
out of them. "It has not done quently the pull is a life's job for 
this or that" is always brought up, ail who take hold of it, and do the 
or when they do this or that I will best they can déficiences will be 

take part in them. They will not, seen. 

and there would be no need of it if ==^=:^ 

they did, for ail their narrow "Thèse are the signs of the times. 
minds see would then be accomp- Kich idlers amusing themselves at 
lished; but men are not or has NewportandTuexdo;poorworkers 
it ever been well organized. Not burying themselves in coal mines, 
five per cent of the wage earners Young men and women riding 
of the United States are members across country after a bag that 
of them, and many of this number smells like a fox; old men and 
are of no use, only to count; they women picking decayed food out 
are not there for principle. If of garbage cans. Lap dogs driv- 
circumstances suited them as well ing through Central park to take 
they would not be members. The the air ; children stripping tobacco 
wonder is that as much has stems in garrets. Clergymen trav- 
been done as there has, besides eling to Europe for pleasure ; 
many of this number are opposing real preachers of a real gospel 
each other — as an example, the marching, with lock step in the 
Locomotive Firemen do not ex- penetentiary. Society women pick- 
pect or strive to remain firemen, ing up millionaires at pleasure re- 
they wish to advance to be engin- sorts or at palaces in Europe ; 
eers. The engineers strive to hold street walkers picking up whomso- 
what they hâve got, for advance in ever they can along the Bowery. 
that line is ended as far as the Piety in the White house enjoin- 
main body can consider, and con- ing the fruits ofbribery; infidelity 
sequently it is their object to pre- in the tenement house en.<i\vxvc^*^ 
vent the firemen arising to crowd puTn^\aï^çncAi ol xs^^^tv^^î^ — ^'^' 


••UNITED WE STAND, DIVIDED Blacksmith's Union, to represent that 

WE FALL. " body in the Trades Assembly, which at 

the time spoken of, held regular ses- 

It seems that " Blacksmith's " article sions in the city of Omaha, 
in the Magazine for February has rais- Again, ** Vulean ^' says: *' The reason 

ed the ire of some gentry engaged in the Klnights of Labor were successful 

the work of disentegration of labor on in having the pay restored on the U. 

this System. P., was because they struck the road at 

We note an article in reply to it in the right time, '^ which '* Vulean'' 

a paper with the misnomer of '* United must admit was a very sensible thing 

Labor'' at its head, for it evidently ad- to do. But the crédit he concèdes to 

vocates a division of labor. The paper the Knights of Labor in this sentence, 

in question bearing date of February he seeks to rob them ofit in the next, 

28th, 1891. (being of course too late for for he then says that this concession 

reply in the March issue of the Maga- was not granted to Knights of Labor 

zine.) The writer who dubs himself as an organization, but to the em- 

** Vulean" heads his article with the ployees of the Union Pacific Co. " Now 

words: '*Unionism is progressive." "Vulean," you dear old soûl, you 

Which by the way is the only sensible ought and do know better. Was it not 

and truthful sentence it contains. a committee of the Knights of Labor 

As a whole it is a very loose and con- that made the demand for the restora- 

tradictory attempb to bolster up the tion of the pay at that time ? Was it 

effort now being made to divide United not committees elected by the Knights 

Labor jnto classes. of Labor from that time to the présent, 

** Vulean" starts oflFbysaying that who hâve made and signed ail agree- 

it appears to him that **Blacksmith's " ments that were entered into, by the 

article is a very unjust thrust at ail company, and the duly accredited del- 

union men who are not within the egates of their employées ? Of course 

sacred precinct, of the Knights of La- it was! Then why resort to quibbling. 
bor. If '* Vulean " will take the trouble But then ** Vulean " tries to cover up 

to read the article in question, again, thJs bad bread by asserting that per- 

he will find that *' Blacksmith " ad- haps he is as good a Knight of Labor 

dresses himself entirely to those who as " Blacksmith. " Well, we hope he 

are advocating a return to the old sys- is, but his article makes us doubt, for 

tem of **Trades" or Class Unions on if he had learned any thing from his 

the U. P. R, R. A System that has connection with the Knights of Labor 

been improved upon and made obse- he would hâve learned that '* an injury 

lete with the advent of the Knights of to one is the concern of ail. " But he 

Labor on the road. is evidently of the opinion that an in- 

The writer then goes on to state that jury to one of his own crafb only, is 

the reason why '' Trades Unions" had worthy of his concern. Thus proving 

accomplished nothing during the period that his unionism is not ' ' progressive.' ' 

embraced by the years 1872 to 1884, He also accuses *' Blacksmith" of try- 

was owing to gênerai dépression in ing to down every union but his own. 

trade, panics, etc., and makes (as a This is a mistake "Blacksmith's" claim 

further reason,) the astounding state- is, that on this System we hâve ad- 

ment that there were no " Trades As- vanced beyond the separate trade or 

semblies " at that time to consult with. class union by reason of the fact that 

When the fact is, as any person at ail we hâve a union embracing ail trades 

acquainted with labor matters know, and classes, on the System, thus bring- 

that ** Trades Assemblies " were then ing together ail workers in a doser 

in existance. "Blacksmith" himself bond of sympathy. Friendship and 

being at that time one of three dele- mutual assistance is impossible un- 

^ates elected by the Machinists and der the old separate or class System. 


We can work better together, reason fal of trades unionists allready on the 

better, and accomplish more, and hâve road are striving to do. 

done it, than by the old method. The Knights of Labor one year ago 

Knowing this, **Black8mith," in com- made arrangements wich the Company 

mon with ail right thinking and un- for a graduai réduction of the hours of 

selûsh men proposes to perpetuate this labor to eight per day. Then what do 

Union that has -such superior advant- we find the Trades Unions doing, we 

âges and possibilities to the kind of flnd them sending their grievance com- 

unions that '*Vulcan" would hâve us mittees to the Master Mechanie and 

adopt. demanding a retum to 10 hours per 

** Vulcan, " then reverses himself day, we find the same committees sent 

and says he is willing to concède "ail to exact a promise from the Master 

honor to the Knights of Labor and Mechanie that he will not hire any 

beleives it has accomplished more for more men until they got their ten hours 

the gênerai good of ail wage workers per day again. 

than any labor organization up to this Now *' Vulcan ^' if thèse are the prin- 

time. " If it has done this, why not ciples that are to make us better shop- 

let well enough alone, why seek to mates, if this is how you propose to 

change to something that has already **instil" those ** true principles of 

been tried and found wanting. manhood" you speak of, why then 

** Again '* Vulcan " is rich on master your ideas of what constitutes true 

mechanîcs, whiletaking "Blacksmith" manhood are not good. It would be 

to task for attacking a certain class of hard to discribe a lower or more selfish 

them, he in the next breath admits principle than the action of this class 

that some of them are just as " Blacks- I hâve spoken of shows yet it is what 

mith " claimed they were, and then has been done. But such actions will 

attempts to set himself right in that never bring about the unity among 

quarter again by stating that he does men that the Knights of Labor are 

not blâme any M. M. or foreman for striving for and that are necessary 

favoring any *'scheme, ^' that will pro- before labor can hope to accomplish 

mote harmony, etc., amongst his men. anything nor can anything but illfeel- 

Well av coorse! ing be engendered by such selfishness. 

Next he charges *'Blacksmith" with To your other excuse for separate 

asking: '* What is the object of thèse action viz that you meet together as 

advocates of old worn out principles of trades unionists beleiving that you can 

Union," this is a deliberate misquota- understand your own grievances better 

tion on ** Vulcan^ s " part. than a carpenter or a bricklayer, we 

What *'Blacksmith" did ask was: will say that if you are the good Knight 

" What is the object of thèse new ad- of Labor you would hâve us believe 

vocates of the old worn out doctrine of you are, you would hâve found by 

class interest. " But let us look at the reading your constitution that ail this 

ans wer that ** Vulcan " makes to the has been pro vided for in Article XXXII 

question he créâtes for himself. He Sec. 280 to 288, pages 83, 4, 5, thus leav- 

says: " To promote those true prin- ing you without a leg to stand on. 

ciples of ail good labor organizations '* Vulcan" now begins to wind up 

in common with the Knights of by reminding ** Blacksmith " that per- 

Labor," and goes on to say ''we" haps there was a time when he did not 

meaningof course Trades Unions, be- make a very good boit himself, particu- 

lieve in reducing the hours of labor, larly a *'hex" head certainly we re- 

and increasing the rate of pay which member the time though t'was many 

means again of course, the hours and years ago, we were about the âge of 16, 

the pay of the members of the Trades and if in our later years the " hex" 

Union only. head continued to be the nightijoiax^ \r» 

But let us see if this is what the hand- ua tY^aX» \\j a^^^Çi^-c^ \» \i<b \^ ^^-^xîSRasN.^' 


why then we would take the advice they were written, is a fact that may 

you oflfer viz "go into the grocery or well excite our wonder, especially since 

saloon business" or better still the we know, that the works of this great 

newspaper business, and if we failed in **Legislator of Science'^; has been in 

any or ail of thèse, why then we would every public library and university in 

start a Union, and be Grand Master or the land. The fact that the "good 

Deputy Grand Master of it. That is policy" adviséd by Bacon has not been 

the proper caper nowadays is it not used, and that ail the ills, he wams us 

** Vulcan ?" to be on our guard against, hâve corne 

Butthan the ''hex"headdon'tbother upon us, goes to show that for three 

us, so we will stay with it, and do our hundred years the masses hâve slept, 

best, individually to " perpetuate " our not the sleep of the just, but rather the 

trade, and collectively through the sleep of the laggard, or metaphorically 

Knight of Labor we will endeavor to speaking, we hâve outwinked Rip Van 

promote and ''perpetuate "a charitable Winkle by a large number of winks, 

and unselfish brotherhood among ail and it is only now the masses are 

mankînd who are willing to obey the beginning to awake, rub their eyes, 

divine injunction that commands. " In and wonder why they slept so long, 

the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat and why they feel so cold, so naked, so 

bread. " hungry, and as they get the sleep from 

Therefore while we hâve no fight out their sensés, they llnd that while 

against any Trades Union we don't they hâve been sleeping, "the treasure 

propose to allow our forces to be and monies" of the land hâve been 

divided on this System, to "Vulcan" gatheredinto "fewhands." 

we say study your text " Unionism is It dawns upon them now, that in the 

progressive, " the Knights of Labor is midst of plenty they yetmay "starve." 

as far as it has yet progressed, lead us They find that whilst they slept, the 

a step forward if y ou will but y ou can- ^^devouring trade of usury" has been 

not make us take a step backward. actively pursued, until in the case of 

And now Mr. Editer to the committee the farmer, whose years work, may 

who so valiantly waited on you, I only resuit in a mortgage, rather than in 

want to say that their action was too profit, or, in the case of the day laborer 

contemptable to notice. Yet they may who finds that the proceeds of his days 

find somë food for reflection, if not work may not buy himself and family 

balm for their wounded "soles" by a sufficiency of food for a day. 

perusing this article. And as they still further cogitate it 

"Blacksmith.'' will become clear to them, that the 

■ land like the monies of the state has 

HAVE WE BEEN ASLEEP ? ff;"f° '''^^^^. ''t^f' °^ * ^^''- ^''** 
theirs and their childrens natural nghts 

,, .^ „ ^^. ^ ,. . ' t. j and opportunities, hâve been "engross- 

"Above ail thmgs, good policy isto be used, j ,, x> i-x mi i - 1 . ^i 

that the treasure and monies in a state be not ^^' Bought-up: .That the mmes, the 

gathered into few Ijands ; for otherwise a state manufactures, the highways, the tele- 

may hâve a groat stock, and yet starve; and graphs and ail means of production 

money is like muck, no good except it be spread. ^^d transportatlon have been mono- 

This is done chiefly by suppressing or at the i. j i. j.t ^ j. j.-. . . « i-. 

least, keeping a straight handaponthe deyour- Vohzeà by the few tO the injury of the 

ing trades of usury, engrossing, great pasturages, many. 

and the like. " And ail this became possible only by 

Essays, Civil and Moral-Bacons, reason that the many slept instead of 

That thèse words, penned three "suppressing or at least keeping a 

hundred years ago, by the greatest straight hand" on, those they selected 

philosopher and sage of his own or to make laws for them. 

any subséquent period, should be as Thèse idols that they worshiped in 

pertinent to-day, as they were when their dreams allayed their fears and 


kept them sleeping by assurîng them necessarily deprived themselves of 
that ail was right, that the wealth of many of the comforts of life. My fatber 
the nation was increasing and that des- a mechanic commanding the hlghest 
pite their mortgages they were prospe- wages in his profession who has been 
rous, and they believed. Though some- incessantly employed and my mother 
how they got poorer and upon enquir- who never knew what it was to bave a 
ing the reason for this, they were told servant before my school days were 
that ail they needed was more protec- ended, nor since I bave assumed the 
tion, and they gOt it, and now they are duties of wife and mother, I bave 
awake; yet it was the cold and hunger since eoncluded did not enjoy life, in 
rather than the light of reason that has keeping with the products of their toil. 
aroused them from their sleep. In society I came in contact with 

But still they bave at last awoke, those who I knew worked no barder, 
and it is good to bear them in their who were not more tbrifty and indus- 
wrath protesting agaiust the indignities trions and ofif times not balf as tem- 
that bave been beaped upon them, perate in their habits, and again there 
while they slept. were numerous others who were always 

Whether it be now too late to recover idle, and yet lived a life of ease and 
what has been lost, is a question bard luxury comparedto that ofmy parents, 
to answer. It will certainly require 'vyho were striving their utmost to pro- 
all the power and good judgment that vide for their small family, and as they 
exists to be brought to bear upon it. often said, give them at least the atten- 
Wakefùl temperate, intelligent and tion that others are so carèful in giving 
united action only, can retrieve the some of their "blooded stock." 
blunders of the past, and restore to the They too believed to raise good chil- 
workers the héritage they bave lost dren, it was necessary to give them 
and secure to them their fuU quota of good food, and good clothing, good 
the values that labor has or may create training and éducation, 
together with the freedom to ail man- Luckily my parents were not aflaicted 
kind of ail the bounties of nature. with much sickness. It was seldom 

John Treacy. *^** ^^ fatber was afflicted with the 
_^___^^__^^__^__^ dreaded monster of disease. I ofben 

heard my mother ask: "What would 

IS WOMAN INTERESTED IN IHE EF- become of us if be would take sickand 

FORTS OF INDUSTRIAL OR- beunable, as many others often were 

GANIZATION. to work for a long time?" 

While at school I was always at the 

It is only a short time ago when I head of my class in my studios, and 
was merely a girl, going to school. managed to maintain this position 
What then, did it matter to me, whe- while attending the university. 
ther monopolies, trusts and combina- Of this I always felt proud and often 
tiens increased in number, under the boasted, until I was told that while I 
management and guidance of that stood at the head, some other girl 
Grand Parent, the Government, the would perhaps remain at the foot, this 
Govemor of the people. made me feel as though I would like to 

There was nothing that I could wish help others who had not the advan- 
for, or any désire that was made known tages that I had. 

to my parents that was not gratified if I had advantages but it was a long 
within their power; none were better time before my father could convince 
provided with ail that made the life of me that I could find them in his small 
a school girl the most happy. It was collection of books that were not to be 
not until I had grown to womanhood found in public or university library. 
that I learned that many times when I knew that be was in many instan- 
my wishes were gratified my parents ces socially ostraclaedo\i.^çt."W5^xfii^^^'Ctàs» 


opinions, but he insîsted on teacbing In politics for the past 30 years, **to 

his children to be guided by their own the victor belonged the spoils" was 

mental faculties, instead of allowing this then only a war between the peo- 

others to think for them, to exercise pie? And what hâve we gained for 

their own brains, and the better the the masses through this political war ? 

thoughts— just like food and raiment About the only thing on which I hâve 

for the body — the better the mind. no doubt, is that labor pays ail expen- 

My services were always in demand ses incurred in war. 

to make school entertainmepts attrac- It was a long time before I was con- 

tive. In Society I was always among vinced wars were carried on for no 

the most joyful. At church I ne ver other purpose than the division of the 

could get that inspiration, that others spoils. 

seemed to enjoy so much. In other words to continually plunder 

From the conversation with my the people, by confiscation, — or taxa- 
parents, who were not members of any tion— of the products of their toil. 
church at least since my recollection, The society in which to some extent 
and with what literature was thrown I moved, would tell me that through 
in my way, I found that many years the unreasonable demands of labor, 
ago the universal cry was for more there was continuai strife between 
churches, while to-day nearly ail the labor and capital, 
ministers are crying for attendants. When at home my father would 

There are , varions reasons assigned preach a sermon on the vanities of our 

by the différent ministers; and while fashionable society, and speak of, and 

they tell us: ''the poor we hâve with us convince me of their total ignorance 

always,^' many would add: "the rich of the living issues of the day, he fully 

only one day in every seven. convinced me that his interests had 

Years ago politics seemed to be used for many years been antagonized 

to a better purpose, the politicians in through class législature by the ser- 

the days of our forefathers, at least vants (?) of the people. 

those who held public office seemed to He further convinced me that ail 

be inspired with a désire to act as the men worked simply to attain an object, 

servants of the people, while to-day, nature taught ail alike that self-pre- 

they seem inspired by the spoils in office.' servation was the first object of every 

Our politics to-day seem to be for no individual. 

other purpose than to divert the minds Work was a necessity for every one 

of nearly one half the people from liv- who does not want to live at the ex- 

ing issues and direct them where ail pense of others. 

interest in the welfare of the nation is He who works tries at least to pre- 

entirely lost. serve life: does he accomplish the ob- 

What it jls, that diverts the attention ject? 
from the nation' s welfare of the other Does his work yield adéquate re- 
half, is not so easily explained. One sults, and does he really enjoy thèse 
reason I maintain that has most of ail results? thèse are questions that I 
been the cause, is the unequal rights would answer in the négative for those 
of women, why trouble her brain about who toil for a living. 
the questions of the day, when she had I hâve long since arrived at the un- 
no voice in governing? derstanding that, were work is not an 

But we are arriving at a new era, object of pride or révérence, if it were 

and some of our industrial organiza- it should be exalted in proportion that 

tions are doing more than ail others to it becomes burdensome. Labor is not 

hasten the arrivai. Self préservation our object. Itis only the means of at- 

the first law of nature, compels labor taining the object, there fore those who 

to organize and maintain their organ- unnecessarily increase our labor, and 

ization. those who through the framing of laws 


make it necessary for labor to producé capital, would drive capitalist from the 

two fold, for the same rémunération, state, this fear deserves no considera- 

instead of assisting only to defeat our tion. 

object. Let them go! especially if other states 

Work is no more the pride of a la- will receive them with the same con- 

borer, than begging, or slavery, is the ditions that drove them from Kansas. 

pride of the beggar or slave. The few that will emigrate will only 

There is no consistency in trying to make room for better suceessors who 

ineuleate a pride for the very things would perhaps come with a knowledge 

ail are striving to be relieved of. of the true définition of **Property." 

AU should be working human beings, Place this before their eyes in large 

but what a pitiable plight we should be letters. What is *' Proj)erty ? ^' It is 

in, if we could not rise above the con- what any one produces by their own 

dition of working men and women. activity.^' 

It is not hatred against capital, but Individual property is the product 

hatred against its oppression, that is of individual work, commission is rob- 

the saving watch word. bery, because it robs every individual 

So long as laws are enacted by which of the fruit of his particular activity, 

money * *capitaP ' can acquire an unequal and of its independent existence, 

advantage over labor — invisible capital Our country is fuU of communists, 

— So long as our laws will legalize the but heretofore we hâve sought them 

owning by a single individual of thou- where they were not. The Kansas 

sands of acres of land while there are Farmers are among the first discove- 

many thousands who cannot own a rers of their native haunts. 

foot. Our state of society is a queer con- 

So long as labor is not placed on an glomeration. Go to any large city, 

equality with capital, just so long will look where you will, the spectacle is 

it be necessary to inscribe on our ban- some misery, dégradation, and vice iif 

ners this saving watch word. every direction. The poor woman 

The acquisition of property is the that oflFers the residue of her charma 

inaliénable right of ail; but no one can for sale for a supper, is arrested by a 

claim a right to remain an undisturbed guardian of public safety and morality. 

millionaire, and to amass unlimited This they believe does away with her 

wealth in a needy multitude, without and the evil she represents. 

paying adéquate tribute to the society Who ever should tell the people that 

that enables him to do this. a history of the world is needed in 

If my father who had an income of order to explain the existence of this 

less than $1,000, was taxed two per cent, despised victim of society, that a so- 

he still sacrificed more than the mil- cial révolution and not a squad of po- 

lionaire with an income of $1,000,000 licemen is needed to remove her would 

who pays 60 per cent. only add another name to the large 

"Would it hâve been an injustice, and list of cranks. 

would it hâve given less satisfaction to Thanks to Wyoming legislators for 

a Stewart, if the state had indirectly giving ail its cltizens equal rights, I 

compelled him to allow the millions now make my most polite obeisance to 

wasted for a superfluous palace in the farmers statemen who, by giving 

which perhaps he did not even dwell, woman her rights as a citizen, hâve 

to be usedfortheendowmentofschools struck another blow at despotism, in 

or for the support of neglected children Kansas. 

of the common people. For centuries men hâve beenasking: 

In Kansas it is feared that such a "What would the fireside be with 

progressive tax, which ofifers at the woman voted out? What would life 
same time the most efficient means of be worth any where without her." 

drawing a line to the accumulation of They 'wiW ^N\^ài ^<3^'ôN. ^s^w^tks^oxsnrîc^» 


say before many years: " What would The old idea that a railroad oflacer 
our législative halls and assembiies be must be ont of touch with the men in 
without her? order to serve the company is dead 

They will cease to wonder at the bar- wrong, and is dying with a lot of other 
barism of the 19th century when they old ideas; the best captain is the man 
remember that every woman was a whom the men love, who goes with 
political slave, and that most men and them and says * 'corne"— not him who 
women believed it to be right. gets behind a tree and says *'go." 

Am I not interested? Motive power officiais who hâve the 

Hypatia. good of the service at hears will recog- 

■ nize this, and also that it is a difficult 

thing for one or two men to do ail the 

GRIEVANCE PREVENTIVE. talking—he should talk with them ail. 

He should also remember that our en- 

Take any of the long lists ofgriev- ginemen are only beginning to shed 
ances presented to the operatirg offi- their préjudices, and that if any one 
cers of American railroads by the em- man went to him regularly, even with 
ployes of any department or départ- the sole idea of righting wrongs, he 
ments, and analyze them, and you will, would be soon marked down as a tale- 
in nine cases out of ten, find the whole bearer — a sucker. 
formidable array composed of little The M. M. can get a better idea of 
things, or what at the start were little the exigencies of the service by going 
things. • over the road, riding on the eng^nes, 

Partly from the disposition of the and putting himself in the places of 
men to kick only among themselves, the men. Where such a policy is pur- 
and partly from the overbearing man- sued you will find more contented men, 
ner of many officiais, the men do not fewer grievances and less trouble. It 
tîommunicate to their officers the little is not necessary that the master me- 
annoyances of the service, but nurse chanic and his right bower, the travel- 
them and favor them, and believe they ing engoncer, should take in the town, 
are big and dangerous, until a pimple play pool or drînk béer with the men 
becomes an ulcer or a cancer. The — each should préserve his proper dig- 
practice of nursing little, petty annoy- hity and be an example to them — not 
ances until they become unbearable above them, but the best man among 
grievances should be discouraged and them. 

avoided by both the men and the offl- The officer who does the right thing 
cers over them. Nothing is better for among the men will soon be picked out 
trouble of this klnd than an occasional and respected according to his acte, 
chat with each other. Not because hefavors the men, but be- 

It's a pretty poor division master cause he isjvst to them. Not because 
mechanic who donH know what is he puts them on one side, but because 
going on among the men under him; he makes the interests of each identi- 
if they are dissatisfied with something cal. Not because he assumes that the 
he is doing, let him go out into the rank and file are cattle to be coaked or 
roundhouse and hâve a half hour's driven as the case may be, but because 
chat with half a dozen of them — per- he considers them as, at least, half 
haps both sides are laboring under human, and treats them accordingly. 
wrong impressions. If there is an an- — Locomotive Engineer. 
noyance on the road the men ought to .__^i^«i..««« 

feel free to go in, on the start, and tell 

the master mechanic ail about it; a " The man who stakes his fortune on 
tum of the hand, the scratch of a pen, his friends, as friends go nowadays, 
or a word may rectify the trouble and might as well buîld a house on the 
strangle a grievance at birth. sands with his money." 


" TO HIM THAT HATH. " a fortune to some hard-worked home 
missionary. It is hard labor to eam 

The Rev. Myron Reed took for the the first JIO, it is hard to make that |10 

text of his sermon, March 15th, 1891, make $100. But once worth |1,000,000 
Luke 19-26 vs: '*Unto every one that ho w easy it is to quadruple it. Alloue 
hath shall be given and from him that has to do is to buy a chunk of New 

hath not, even that he hath shall be York and sit still;time will dothe mul- 

taken away from him.'^ tiplying. The Astors, since old John 

** In my ignorance, " said Mr. Reed, Jacob, are not a remarkable family for 

^* I «hall make the law the other way brains. To him that hath shall be 

a.nd take away from him that hath and given. 

give to him who hath not. But that is ** If he only lives long enough Jay 

not the law. The law is stated in the Gould will own the earth, and death is 

text. Mr. Windom, Secretary of the the only thing that can stop him. If 

Treasury of the United States, dies. he himself lacks brains he can hire the 

He has been in high public positions best brains of the country. He can 

for many years, has had many legiti- hâve influence with législatures, 

mate opportunities to make money. *'The laws are not as a rule framed 

His finends promptly subscribe $50,000. in the interest of the poor. There are 

There is no prêteuse that the family are évictions possible in Colorado equal to 

in need of any thing. * To him that any thing in Ireland. 

hath shall be given. ' Congress is very **l read yesterday that *the first 

prompt in this kind of thing, and big thing the devil thought of was to gefc a 

sums of money are voted to the fami- young man in debt. ' That is right. 

lies of dead présidents and gênerais. It is easy to march at the head of the 

No prêteuse has been made that thèse column, but it is hard to march at the 

pensioned families were in any need. rear of it. The men at the front swing 

"But I can show you an old Colorado easily along; the men at the rear must 
soldier for the Union, probably the old- now and then double-quick. It is al- 
est soldier in Colorado, who has a just most impossible for a straggler to over- 
claim against the United States, and he take his régiment. The only sure sal- 
is unable as yet to get that claim at- vation is never to straggle. There 
tended to. seems to be a fatality in once getting 

** I can remember when there was behind. 

not a hall in the country large enough ** For some years of my boyhood I 

for the people who wished to hear was quite frequently on the ragged 

Anna Dickinson speak for the Union edge, and I noticed that about the time 

of thèse states, and for the rights of ail when my coat ripped my shoes would 

men and women. But she has been burst at the side and things generally 

ill and now is poor, and I read that the go to pièces. Longfellow says of 

city that was so proud of her has not trouble: 

pride enough to take care of her in her " * First a speck and then a vulture, 

days of collapse. I hope the report is till the sky is black with vultures. ' 

not true that she has been bundled oflF " The doctors say to the sick man: 

to some kind of a ' poor house. ' Now * Take air, exercise and good food. ' 

is a good time for that eminent philan- Well, suppose he cannot walk and is 

thropist Andrew Carnegie to come to too poor to ride, and has no appetite. 

the front. I see in this case a kind of Many sick come to Denver and are 

an opportunity for Wanamaker. To compelled to perch in a stuflFy room in 

him that hath shall be given. a steam heated block. Their little 

** I note that the fashionable and money goes and their little health goes. 

well-fixed minister who officiated at * The destruction of the poor is their 

the last Astor wedding received the poverty. ' 

fee of Ç16,000. That would hâve been " They must llve on.i^CkQ.x ^Gt<îfô\sa.^*<^^s^ 


cannot buy things in quantity. Buying then ail goes agalnst him. He no 

coal for the wiriter and buying coal by longer bas any use for his hands, folds 

the hodful are différent. them behind his back at St. Helena and 

*' Hère is a conundrum put to me by looks at the sea. Jésus Christ watched 

the présent attorney gênerai of the over the disciples, taught them, took 

United States: * If it is possible for a care of them, but when he wanted them 

man well and strong to become siek to watch him only one hour they were 

and weak, how is it possible for a man not to be found. On being found they 

siek and weak to become well and were asleep. 

strong? If you cannot beat the enne- ''This worship of success is *the 

my with ail your forces, how are you meanest trait in human nature. Ward 

going to beat him with a remuant of McAUister, full to his chin of sixteen 

force? I leave it with you. courses of food and six kinds of wine 

" To him that hath shall be given. ' has his pockets full of invitations to 

" I notice the little shops. Nobody dinner. The city tramp, hungry and 

seems to go in them. But m the great savage as a wolf in the latest addition 

shops, the stately stores, there the to Denver, looks at the gentleman and 

crowd is. In every city some lawyers moralizes somewhat after the manner 

hâve ail they can do, and a few hâve of my dear friend and poet. 

more than they can do. Let it be said . ^he heavier work for lighter pay, 

that there was not standing room in a such is the rule the wide world o'er, 

Church, and the next Sunday people For the idler a constant holiday. 

Will be Willing to stand OUtside and To him that hath shaU more be given. 

. , . From him that hath not ye shail take away 

lOOKin. ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ , .^ . The little he hath. ' Oh, blessed love ! 

"I heard Robert Oolyer, city mis- Is there anything left for us to say ? " 

sionary of Chicago, atasalary of $600 t» x» ,^ ^-v, i «4. v xi. i.,_ x,., 

^ ^ \ 1 j j But the law says * to him that hath^ 

preach a sermon m an old wooden , ,,. . ,,., 

f , , , .. « , has relation to man bodily, mentallv, 

tabernacle to a congrégation of less ,, ^x. i. xi_ I- , 

rt^^ 1 ^ 4. «. 4.V.- morally. If one has the time he can 

than 200 people. But after things il- i^ u j-i i ,. ^ f 

,. Ti, jv 1, naake himself bodily nearly what he 

beean to ffo his way I heard him preach , ^ , ^„ 

.^^ . . . , ,. li.- pleases. So he can mentally. 

it again m a stone church to a multi- ,,„ i_ , . 

^, jxu. JT 4.- ^4.1. " Some chance remark gives you the 

tude, and afterwards I noticed the same x. xt. x-x n, , ..A, 

-T.. UT i. ^ u 1 ^ germ of a thought. Take a little care 

sermon m his published book of ser- %., , ., .,° ... , ^ ^ ^'^'^^ 

^A 4-ir.^ iLc^f r.f 4-v.^ i^f ^^ ^^ ^^^ 1* wiU grow like planted corn, 

mons, and the best 01 the lot. au xi.- • xi_ ^ . 

cc-nJ -, 1..1 4.* ^ AU thmgs is earth and air and rain 

"Perhaps a while ago you noticed . . x x .x m x.- xi. x ^ x, 

on a valuable corner lot, otherwise va- ,^^^^«1^ ^ ii k that hath, a 

cant, a tent, survivor of the old days ^^^^^^^^ ^^f''^''' . ^^^ ^^f 

whei Denver was gray with tents, and ^^f^ ^^ *^^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^ *^^ ^^d. 

that tent wa^ the home of a mother and ^^^^^ 'P^^^« ^^ ^ ^^^ '' 

Children. She moved away and affcer * He left a corsair's name to other times, 

a while, by industry, owned a house ^°^^ ^^*^ ^^® ^^^^^ ^°^ ^ thonsand crimes. » 

and three horses. Some wretched man, "I do not believe it. One virtue 

instead of stealing a horse from some does not long dwell alone. One virtue 

affluent stable on Capitol Hill, stole invites the whole family of virtues. 

one of her horses. Then one horse Their nature is to flock. 

died, and she used the other horse to ** One robindoesnotmakeasummer, 

come up and tell a friend that her but one is a sign of summer. Twa 

house had burned down, of course, weeks ago this morning, at 6 o^clock, 

without Insurance. Now, of course, I heard a song at the window; not a 

her crédit is not so good at the corner chirp or a twitter, but a song full of 

grocery or any where. good cheer. I opened the window and 

** I read the life of Napoléon and ail looked out, and there on the leaflesa 

£^008 his way year afber year. Kings limb of a gray tree in the cold, was a 

^re pale at the mention of himj and brown bird about two inches long^ 


letting me know as best he could by hâve done something to prevent the 
voice and manner that life was worth lowering of wages by compétition 
living. amongst wages earners. This is daily 

" Tbe shadows of a night had fied visible to me. Tbe Dockers' Union bas 
away, and the day star had arisen in so contrived matters that many dock 
bis beart. Since then I baver seen him laborers hâve been eaming in actual 
and five more with him, ail believing cash as much or morethan a New York 
in sunrise and spring. machinist, whose bouse expenses, etc., 

" Add to your faith, knowledge; and are so much higher. In spite of this 
to knowledge virtue, and to virtue. there are numbers ont of work and at 
self-control. Thèse will be added. They starvation's point, who, as free com- 
will come of their own motion. Did petitors, would reduce the above high 
you ever hear of a brave man whose wages to a mère notbing. The socia- 
only virtue was courage ? listic idea is that a man should receive 

,^__^_^_^,^ according to bis needs. Thus, if A. 

does six pièces— say Connecting rod 

GETTING A LONG. ends— in a certain ti me, and B. only 

does five, and yet each of them bas 

* * * As to piece-work, we ail gone home in the evening equally fa- 
know how it flnally fails from greed, tigued, they would obtain equal money. 
and I bave been informed by an Ame- As things are now regulated, A. who is 
rican engfineer on this side that on a the better man, gets a fair living; B. 
certain class of work the piece-work who is weakly and requires a better 
rates hère were actually higher per diet than A., actually gets less. In a 
pièce than in America, and yet the short time B. only finishes four and a 
men were only making a little over half ends to A's six, and then he drops 
half the money. In other words, they to three, and so on; he ob tains less and 
made a nice living, which was ail that less money, goes short of food, falls ill, 
the American workmen were making and get sacked. If he is a fool he tums 
in America at the same rate per pièce, tramp with bis family, but if he recol- 
but doing twice the number. The En- lects that he bas paid bis rates, he goes 
glishmen could bave done double work to the workhouse like a sensible man, 
if they had liked, but knew qui te well and, being too sick to work, patters 
had they done so that the rates would about the garden and studies botony — 
bave gradually been eut down, and bis hobby, perhaps — whilst A., who 
flnally they would bave been working laughed at bis shortcomings in the 
as hard as if they had been in America, Connecting rod line, bas now the 
and would still only bave been getting pleasure of contributing to support 
a living, Who can blâme workers for him. In the mean time a better man 
getting along as smoothly as possible, than A. bas arrived, and, being espe- 
when they know that, work soft or cially gifted on rod ends, oflFers to do 
hard, they will only earn a living? them for less than current rates, and 

The worker who gets out of the engages to bave ail he can do for six 
gênerai class of workers does so not months. A. finds himself at last earn 
because he saves bis surplus wages, ing less than formerly, and still help 
but because he haa the ability of getting ing to keep B. in idleness, and the last 
along on less money than the gênerai end of that man is worse than the first. 
crowd. Given to ail workmen to-mor- The unfettered compétition of the 
row the ability to main tain themselves individualist can only end thus. It is 
for two-thirds what they now require, sheer nonsense to state that machinery 
and wages would go down at once, does not displace labor. True, machi- 
The trades union idea is supposed to nery bas often increased the labor em- 
be leveling of good and bad together, ployed in certain directions for limite.^ 
but it is certain that trades unions perioda oî \»\mft^\sv3L\»QT^:3 ofôtXj^ccL xs^a-- 


chinery has done this. The sewing greatness by their own exertion, and 
machine rendered possible innumerar others hâve greatness thrust upon 
ble fiounces and fUrbulows in woman's them, Beardstown got it thrust on her 
attire, and did not, therefore, reduce and she couldn't help it, neither could 
the number of sewers, but machinery Chawley. There is a destiny that 
-applied to such industries as nail mak- shapes our ends, rough hew them as 
ing, hitherto handmade reduced the we may. " It was pretty tough on the 
uail makers to poverty. subject of this sketch to hâve his ends 

Much of the efifect of machinery is hewed that way, but destiny and the 
concealed by reason of production remorseless order of a soulless corpo- 
being cheapened. ration did the job. He had many 

We waste nails, pins, pens, and nu- friends hère — we forget just who they 
mérous small manufactured articles, were. We never could remember 
just because they are cheap. No one names very well, but we think their 
spends much time in straightening a names were " Légion," and they are 
steel pen, and yet a gold pen is cared ail glad of his promotion. This may be 
for if damaged, because no amount of called "sarcastic" but there is no 
machinery can reduce the price of a "irony"init. We believe Chawley 
gold pen very far. will like it in Illinois; it is the land of 

The world being comparatively emp- Suckers, you know, and Chawley just 
ty yet, and congestion of population dotes on suckers. He had a good many 
having an outlet in new countries, we hère but they were getting old and 
hâve not yet awakened to the fact that stale, and the C. R. & Q. .thought it 
it is foUy to work ourselves, when a would be better to export Chawley to 
machine of iron will do it for us. True, where the woods were full of them 
we hâve ceased to turn spinning ma- rather than be compelled to import 
chinery or looms, but we grind away new ones to this place. We hope he 
at sômething for ten or twelve hours will do well in his new location. His 
daily, and when any one talks of an first duty will be to get acquainted with 
eight hours^ day he is considered revo- the members ofthe K. of L. and ask 
lutionary, and ail that. At the same them whether they get their bread and 
time, when on the subject of an eight butter from the Knights of Labor or 
hours' day, there is no reason why from the C. B. & Q. Over in Illinois 
machinery need only run eight hours. some of thèse foolish men may say they 
It could just as well run twelve, under earn their daily bread by '' the sweàt 
two or three sets of attendants. — W. H. of their face " and pay cash for their 
Booth of London, Englaud, in American butter. This of course would be wrong 
Machinist. and Chawley would know in an instant 

,^,^^,^^^^„^^^^^^^^^^^ that such a fellow was not a genuine 

**sucker" and oflF would go his head, 

TA, TA, CHAWLEY, TA, TA. on the grounds that he was an "oflfen- 

sive partisan," but time and Cœsarism 

There is great rejoicing among the will no doubt do its assuag^ng work 
boys over the deserved promotion of until Chawley will be a^ain promoted 
O. W. Eckerson, late master mechanic on the descending scale. **He laughs 
and gênerai buU-dozer at this place, best who laughs last. " Ta, ta, Chaw- 
to the position of— we forget just what ley, ta, ta ! —Independent AmerUian, 
position he is promoted to — but believe Creston^ la. 
it is the boss of a monkey wrench gang ~ 

at Beardstown, ni. We don't know "Virtue in rags rewarded with the 
exactly where Beardstown is, but we jewels of love and affection, is better 
understand it is a side station on the than vice clothed in diamonds double 
srreat C, B. & Q. This is a great boom pointed with hauàting memories and 
for Beardstown. Some towns acquire vain regrets." 


Another notable instance of the tyr- and children, vagabonds, paupers and 
ranny of a paternal government, even prosti tûtes, and in the gilded club- 
in the incipient stages of paternalism, rooms of democracy and republicanism 
is recorded in the following extract the millionaire leaders drink to the 
from a récent issue of To-day of this toast, ** The Country's Prosperity. " 
city: — Let the masses starve until their stom- 

"The El Paso, Texas, postmaster achs teach them wisdom, and they 
confiscated an édition of the local leam that voting for plutocratic lead- 
IHbune, on account of a card to the ers is not the right way to bring about 

llLt'couirbe''X^^d^h'roalh Z the era of " equal righcs to ail and spe- 
express companies dealing with him. cial privilèges to none. " — Non-con- 
The paper criticised this action in an formist. 
editorial the next day, and the post- ; 

^TÏT/thSils^'^^ ^y'« «^^^^^ ^^«^ An Indiana girl has taken the prize 

„. ^ , „ ' . , _ . , of $200 oflfered by The Cosmopolitan 

First the State-appointed officiai pre- Magazine for " the best article of 4000 

sûmes to édition of the ^^^^^ descriptive of farm life, with 

paper becauseitpublishes a card which suggestion as to the best method of 

may be an advertisement of a lottery. ^^^ f^rm life attractive and hap- 

Next, the same State-appointed officiai „ ^^^^ farmers' daughters being 

suppresses the paper because the editor pe^nitted to enter the compétition. 

entwises the act ofthe ojgfîeUiL If such ^he design of The Cosmopolitan was 

infamous actions on the part of gov- ^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^ expression of opinion 

emment officiais are permitted to go ^ ^ ^^^ important problems of hap- 

unpunished, the days of a free press are pi^ess and discomfort on the modem 

numbered in this republic-Ameriean ^^^^^ ^^^ .^ ^^^ 3^ successful that 

S^pectator, more than 200 manuscrîpts, very many 

^^^^^^^^^^^^ of them ably prepared, and represent- 

Mr. Charley Foster, who is to assume ing nearly everv State and Territory, 

charge of the hole in which the surplus were sent in. The prize was awarded 

formely roosted, is a financial pupil of by Prof. H. H. Boyesen and the editor 

John Sherman. Wall street draws ail of The Cosmopolitan, the final com- 

the cards when the republicans are run- mittee of award, to Miss Jennie E. 

ning the machine. — Atlanta Conatitu- HookerofMcCutchanville, nearEvans- 

tion (Dem.) ville, Ind. Her article will appear in 

And the Constitution should hâve the April number of The Cosmopolitan 

added, Wall street draws ail the cards and the same number will contain a 

when the democrats run the machine, very interesting article on the Far- 

People will recollect that Secretary Dan mers' Alliance, by the newly elected 

Manning was a président of a national United States Senator Peflfer, of Kan- 

bank; that Secretary Manning and sas. The Cosmopolitan is one of the 

Treasurer Jordan retired from the ad- few periodicals, which, while gaining 

ministration to become the heads of a circulation in the cities more rapidly 

great bank in New York City. Wall than in the country, yet dévote spécial 

street would not flip a nickel to deter- attention to ail matters pertaining to 

mine whether the democrats or repub- the farm. Taking the prize over so 

licans should run the national finances, many competitors, doubtless Miss 

They control the machines of both par- Hooker's article will présent numerous 

ties, and use them as swapping mate- ideas well worth the considération of 

rial to amuse the people, when they get those who flnd their happiness or dis- 

tiredof wating for bettertimes. Cleve- comfort within the limits of farm 

landorHarrison,HarrisonorCleveland; homes. (Price 26 cents, Cosmopolitan 

whaf s the différence? We hâve fail- Publishing Company^ MadiwiY^^^aîQax^^., 

ures and tramps, and starving women "New^OTk..^ 


LEGAL DEPARTMENT. ^y ^^^ from Ms usual occupation by 

__. ' reason thereof, (3) fair compensation 

Plaintiff in this ca«e wae a switch- f^"^ mental and physical suflfering, (4) 

, „ i.1 i. j 4.V. i. the probable future efifect of the in- 

man, and frequently stood on the step . ,^ .* ^ ,i.i. j/cn j. 

^^J j^^i^i.!-* -4. V.' lunes on bis health, and (5) any dimu- 

oftheendof the tank of a switching ^ .^. ^_ . \. , u i 

, ■..,■. nition of bis power to labor and pursue 

engine to uncouple cars whicb be was ^, ^^.^ ^ . i.i. i.v. 

*, . , „ T. . £ti . 1 . ,1 tbe course of life be migbt otberwise 

pusbmg before it to "kick in" upon , _ /t^-^ T>T>n 

sji ? ^ rm. -T bave done. (Davidson vs. R. Ry Co., 

a 8ide-tra*k There was no luiling on ^^ ^4 1890. ) 

the tank and nothing to hold by, ex- ^^^^^ ^^ Action. -Losb op Time. 
oept a tool box which he wa« accus- _ ^^^ ^^ damage. Much bas been 

tomed to use, but wbicb had, unbe- ... , -j u i. ^ .*. *,- 

, , . ' , , - ' wntten and said about defective nwv- 

know to bim, been broken away, , . ,. x, a 

,.. ,. V^,. . -, cbinery, négligence of employé or co- 

deprivingbim of bis accustomed sup- i xiT v um-4. ^4.1: 4. ^ 

^ « .XI- employé, tbe liability of tbe master for 

port. Tbe flreman, running tbe en- f ."^ ' x- j 4. vu xr. 

*^ ,, , ^ .^^ X • omissions of duty wbicb were tbe re- 

gine, suddenly and witbout warmng ^^^ ^^ ^niediate causes of injury; 
reversed it, and tbejerkthrew plam- ^tatutes bave been' construed to mean 
tifiFoffandsenously injured him. He ^^^^^^ ^^^^^ ^i^^^^^ ^i^^^^,. 
testifledtbatbeba^used the step many ^^J^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^ ,,^^^^^ ^^ 
times a day safely, and there would g^^^^^,, ^^^^ ^^^^ ^rotted around 
bave been no accident but for the un- ^^^ ^.^^^^ ^.^^^ comparatively an 

forseen absence of bis accustomed sup- ^^^^^^ ^^^ ^^^ j^ ^.^^ 

port. The court ruled that be wa^ free ^^^^ employers, usually a powerfùl 

from négligence on bis part, and had a ^^ ^^^^ ^^^^ ^^^bled to wear ont 
right to believe that be could bave sup- ^^^ ^laimant for damages and by reason 
portedhimselfa^ be had done in the of poverty of means were eitber corn- 
past and by reason of the neglect in ^^^^^ of necessity, to abandon ail pro- 
making tbe repairs, and the duty of gg^j^^ion or compromise the claim for 
the employer to fumisb safe appliances ^ ^^^j^^i ^^^ I^ i^ gratifying to the 
a substantial verdict would not be dis- army of workingmen, who assume ba- 
turbed. (Lyttle vs. R. Ry. Co, Micb., ^^^^^^ occupations, to learn that not 
S. C, Dec. 24th 1890.) ^^^^ ^^^ législation, but the courte, 

Thus it will be seen that employers ^nd especially the jury System, are 
are bound to provide machinery and dealing more justly with claimants 
places to work reasonably safe and who seek réparation for injuries inflict- 
suitable for tbe use of their employées ed and loss of time suflfered by reason 
and are liable for injuries caused by thereof 

defects or unforseen bazards in such rj^e ^ule of law wbicb is almost uni- 
places, appliances or machinery, which versally acknowledged is that wben 
are or ought to be known to them, and one servant is injured by tbe negli- 
whicb are bidden and unknown to the gence of bis fellow servant, their dutiea 
employé. It must be bom in mind, being such as to bring them into habi- 
however, that a servant who remains tuai association, so that they may ex- 
in the service, knowing of thèse bazards ercise a mutual influence upon each 
or defects, without giving notice there- other promotive of proper caution, and 
of, assumes tbe risk of injury therefore. the master is guilty of no négligence 
So will a servant be presumed to know in employing the servant causing tbe 
of ail such bazards that are obvions and injury, the master will not be liable for 
open to observation. tbe injury. But wben one servant is 

But an injured employé with a good injured by tbe négligence of anotber 

cause of action is entitled to recover servant of a common master, but not 

damages for {!) such spécial expenses within this description of fellow, the 

as are incured by him by reason of the master will be liable. 

injuries, (2) the value of the lime lost Tbe fact that there are différent de- 


partments of labor in an establishment of the injuries, and the probable dura- 

with separate superintendcnts, will not tion of them, is a question for the jury, 

relieve those employed in one départ- 61 M. 304. Hence, several snits cannot 

ment firom the rule regarding fellow- be brought for a personal injury, even 

servants, as to servants employed in though a new damage appear. Ail the 

an other department, when the duty of damage must be estimated in one ac- 

each, in their common employmenfc, tion. (69 Ills. 556.) 

bring them from time to time together. In conclusion it is reasonably certain, 

Nor the fact that in their several de- where an injured employé is entitled to 

partments the employment of each is recover, in case of tort or injury, he is 

distinct and différent in kind. (The J. not limited solely to the consequential 

Setc. Co. vs Shields, Ills., S. C, Oct. damages which has actually occurred 

31st, 1890.) up to the trial of the cause, but he may 

One other important fact must be go on to claim relief for the prospective 

understood by ail employés, and that damages which can then be estimated 

is that an employer is not liable for in- as reasonably certain to occur. In such 

juries to his servants caused by his ma- case the jury may give damages for 

chinery being merely dangerous. The the loss of service or time not only 

right of action arises outof négligence, before action brought, but affcerwards 

and that dépends not upon the exist- down to the time when, as it may ap- 

ence of danger, but upon whether the pear in évidence, the disability may be 

usage of the business is foUowed or expected to cease. The method of es- 

not. Moreover, even where négligence timating prospective damages is stated 

is proved in such a case, the claimant to be to reduce their loses to their worth 

for damages must show, at least by a at the time of the trial, or to such a 

prépondérance of évidence, that his in- sum as being put at interest would 

jury was caused thereby. If the test- amount to the sum the injured party 

imony establishes no more than the would loose. (46 v't. 135.) 

fact that the accident might hâve been ^_-_ii«^«^«« 

so caused, a verdict founded thereupon _, . ^. , , ' ~ '. 

, j XI.- • i> The scientist has before him a spécial 

18 merely a guess; and this is why so _ , , . , . , , « « v^*^ ^^^ a,Dpcv.i«,x 

many jnry verdict» are reversed by f ^/.f '" "^^'^^ ^^ °**y ^^>«^« i'""»«'- 

appellate courte throughout the land. ^^^: ,/^?^l'f 7 «^l««'o°« ^''^ «« fr«- 

From the foregoing a careftal reader ?™^''* *^** '\ '^ P***'^* *•»** something 

may hâve knowledge of his right of « necessary to prevent the collection 

action or means of redress in case of f^f^ ^^}''^ '^ '^^^^ t*''°'^Sli imper- 

injury occasioned through orby any ff t^ons ^n miners' lamps or through 

of the numerous causes named, but it *^^ Çarelessness of miners who expose 

must be remembered that there is a *^^ ^T *° *^^ ga«-laden atmosphère 

rule against splitting up an entire and flamme When Sir Humphry Davy 

indivisible cause of action, because "ivented the lamp which haa made his 

there is no différence between actions *^î"* world-wide, it wa« thought the 

fbunded on tort and those based on "iner had at la«t secured absolute 

contract. A claim arising from a single P'.otectaoi from the dangers which 

tort or act of négligence on the part of f^ ^^T ? ^ ** *"'"^*'** ''' ^^ 

the master, cannot be divided and t ^^ '''^^ ™'°««- ^""^ explosions 

made the subject of several suite, how- ^^« «^^^^^ occurred with more or less 

ever numerous the items of damage ^fq^^ncy, and it would seem that the 

may be. Thus, where an injury is oc- ^"^ engineer is placing too much re- 

caàoned to an employé and a right of If ",*'l "P^."* *^^ protective lamp, or 

action and recovery is apparent, it is that the mmers are becoming careless 

incumbent to assess the many elemente '"^ *^^ "^ of their hghte. 

of damages including the loss of time, — ^ 

mental and physical suflering, expenses "PeTfectioxi \a ^Çi^Xîc^?'» 


DISTRICT DEPARTMENT. "^^ longahoremen in the employ of 

'__ the Oregon Railway and Navigation 

Company, which is now a part of the 

DISTRICT OFFICERS. U. P. System, hâve organized and at- 

tached to this District They place a 

^ „ ^ ,^ „ ^ ^ , value, on being a member, and hâve 

D. M. W., Thos. Nkasham, Denver, Colo. , ... ,. „ «a^/^ «« j. l x 

D. W. F., Geo. C. Milleb, EUis, Kan8. ^n initiation fee of f40. The steamboat 

D. R. S., J. N. CoBBiN, Denver, Colo. firemen and deck hands hâve also 

D. F. S. & T., W. L. Cabboll, Denver, Colo. organized and are now a factor in dis- 

— trict 82. 

Editor and Manager of the Magazine, 

J. N. CoBBiN, The Union Pacific Employés' Maga- 

Office, Room 14 McClelland Block, ^ine has just entered on its sixth year. 

P. O. Box 2724. Denver, Colo. t^ . .-> x» • i x«j* i—i^* ^«.^ 

It is the officiai organ of district assem- 

bly 82, Knights of Labor, and while 

There is a wonderfùl similarity in the ^^ ^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^h it in some res- 

labor movements in ancient Rome and p^^^ y^^ ^^^^ ig ^^ ^^^^yt that to the 

the présent day. Magaadne more than to any other 

--, . 1.1. 1. 1. agency is due the high standing of the 

Three Assembhes hâve been organ- *, i.xi_xt. x>.^. 

,-^^/i or,^ o^^^««l,^/l f^ +i,,-o TWof^-«f +1,^ employés of the Union Pacific m rea- 
ized and attacnea tothis District the . ."^ . x. • »^.jt j -mr t. 

, , , . , pect to organization. — Midland Mech' 

past quarter and one reorganized. ^ . ® 

On Apnl Ist a quarterlyreportisdue ,,„^ ,..1. . xi_ 

- ^, .^ 1.1 a i.. "The worship of successisthemean- 

from each Assembly. Secretanes ..*... . „ 

should see that this is promptly at- 
tended to. 

est trait in human nature. 

This office is in receipt of a hand- ^^ APPRENTICESHIP. 
somely bound volume of the Fireman^s 

Magazine for 1890, the compliments of * * * When he inquired of Tom 

its editor, E. V. Debs. liow he came to think of that method 

of boring an elevator cylinder. Tom 

Magazine Agents are requested to laughingly replied that "Thecubsput 
make a spécial effort the présent month him on to it, like most other makeshifb 
to collect from the delinquent subscrib- schemes. " Waterberry said it was 
ers, in their locality, and also to make singular that he could get no appren- 
an early report of collections. tices with ideas. His boys seemed only 

to work because idleness meant hunger. 

A committee of the employés at He barely flnished his statement 
Cheyenne shop meet Mr. Mertzhei- when our Old Man, who stood by, re- 
mer, Asst General Superintendent of plied, with words that to-day seem like 
machinery, on March llth, regarding prophesy: " You hâve the wrong plan 
amisunderstandingoverworkingtime inyourshop. You take a boy in to 
and arrangea the same satisfactory to teach him the trade. You promise him 
ail concerned. ^^ will be a machinist in three years. 

At the end of his apprenticeship he is 

Every person interested in labor tumed out, because he has * served his 
organization, should read the article time'; but the only thinghe has leamed 
in the Cosmopolitan Magazine for in those three years is to run eîther a 
March, entitled: "Labor Unions and lathe, shaper or planer — ^virtually, a 
Strikes in ancient Rome. " Many may * machinist ' in his own opinion, and 
see the foolishness of wasting time and worth three dollars a day; praotically, 
strenffth on methods tried âges ago, an ordinary factory hand, a 'shaper 
and found uselees, man, ' ot, ma^ ^i ^ * lathe mail, ' 



wopth nine dollars a week. You tum 
him ont, not because yoa hâve made 
him of value to liîmself and to you, but 
because you can get a new boyatthree 
dollars a week, who will, in six weeks, 
tum ont just as much ûnished work as 
the newly fledged jour, at two flfty or 
three dollars a day can. Then you 
don't dare let him know that he is not 
a machinist, nor how far short you 
hâve fallen in keeping promises made, 
and he is turned loose on the mechani- 
eal community, and gets itbeat into 
him in time, afber he has spoiled many 
Jobs hère and there. Just keep this 
way ofmaking jours (?) up, and inside 
of twenty years we will hâve the dam- 
edeat lot of men working in machine 
shops we ever saw, while good mech- 
anics and workmen will be scarcer than 
hens' teeth. I don't belle ve in getting 
boys into ruts and grooves. Stagger 
them ail about the shop while they are 
cubs; they will get into ruts fast enough 
after they get a way from us. " 

Waterberry winked at Tom, and said 
the Old Man was pretty good at 
"preaching, " and he would try hear- 
ing a " sermon '' every week. 

But this was twenty years ago. 

Haven't we drifbed to just where the 

Old Man said we would ? And are we 

not still taking the apprentice boy, 

and making him serve three and four 

years on a shaper or planer, miller or 

lathe, to become a jour? And doesn't 

he become expert on any one of those 

tools inside of six months ? And at the 

end of three years is heajour., or is 
he not simply a laborer, skiUed in one 

particular item? Like one of the 

" Three Wise Men of Gotham, " who 

leamed to run a spinning jenny, would 

he not be liable to starve to death in 

the wilderness of plenty because there 

would be no planer to run ? — Extract 

from sketches of apprenticeship in 

American Machinist 

It is generally known that Mr. C. P. 
Huntington, the Pacific millionaire, 
commenced gathering his great for- 
tune by picking up a one-penny nail 
whenever he saw one on the floor. He 
did not delay exerting himself until he 
had come across a ten-penny nail or a 
wire nail, but took what was lying 
around, however small. Thus we see 
that if a man picks up enough one- 
penny nails and a few govemment 
subsidies he may ultimately connect 
his family with tiie effete monarchies 
of Europe, and rise to the exalted posi- 
tion of father-in-law of an impecunious 
prince. The nail market is a great 
factor in life. — Ex, 

"Pellows who failed to get nomina- 
tions may be said to hâve finished a 
campaign of éducation." 



Envy is BÎmply a lazy désire." 

Would I consort with an anarchist. 

And mis, and drink, and dine ? 
Oh, yes— I board an anarchist— 

He isa chum of mine. 
A rathless enemy to law, 

This boardor that I mention, 
A friend to lawless anconstraint, 

A foe to ail convention. 

And, though I diligrently try 

To keep my home in trim, 
I harbor this wild anarchist 

And grow attached to him. 
His incohérent creed by day 

He blusters and he babbles, 
By night he howls it in our ears, 

Or garrulously gabblee. 

The right to private ownership 

He strenaously dénies; 
He rends and tears my property 

Before my very eyes; 
And in his fierce and lawless moods 

He'll pound us and belay us; 
Oh, he's confusion's champion, 

A heirarch qf chaos! 

There are no rights that he respects. 

No sanctity révères; 
Regards not customs, creeds or texts. 

Expérience, nor years. 
No laws nor constitution bind 

This anarchist of ours, 
Nor popes, nor principalities, 

Nor potencies, nor powers. 

He is a hopless radical, 

Asworn iconoclast — 
No plan or purpose of today. 

No révérence for the past. 
You ask me why I keep him, theu; 

Well, I can answer, maybe — 
Because — because he c&lia \sie> "^\i^à^? 

—S. W. Foaa x-aB-u-fioXo CQM.T\«t. 





Do not wait urUil the last moment to write up 
your monthly letter. Send it in at any time, the 
sooner after you read this the better. The flrst 
opportunity you hâve ia the best time. 

Shoshone, Idaho, Feb. 18, 1891. 

Editor Magazine: 

Having received the appointment as the per- 
Bon to take notes at this point, and reçoive the 
pet names from the person who stands next to 
"high" in the deck, and is trsàng to fill the shoes 
of a "queen," will proceed to business. First, I 
will hâve to note the happenings for January. 

W.H. Edgecombe has quit this point, and gone 
to Batte to fill a position in the Tuttle machine 

Chas. Âdamson cornes ap smiling as gang boss 
and is doing nobly. 

Things are mnning along smoothly; no fights 
among the men on acconnt of valentines. 

D. R. Mnnroe is doing well in Boise, and as a 
représentative in our législature has been 
*'chewed up" by the Sait Làke Tribune and the 
great Shoshone JournaU but as the latter paper 
is too small game to look after we will let it pass 
and the formeras sencure is a reccommenda- 

Our boys in Boise hâve sncceeded in having 
passed an anti-Pinkerton bill which is very good. 

The grand old party having things their own 
way, we thought from the way they shouted dur- 
ing the c€unpaign that they were going to do 
something, but it is the same old cry, agitator, 
socalist, etc. Well, as we don't think of moving 
for two years yet, we hâve started a scrap book 
for the benefit of those parties, which may be 
very interesting reading in two years. It has 
cost our state $50,000 to elect our U. S. Senators, 
what a good argument in favor of electing them 
by popular vote. 

Well, we hâve a real doctor, an M. D. with a 
diploma and ail the saws, knives, etc., to take a 
man's head or arm ofiF without gettlng sick or 
calling on another man. 

Our dramatic company were again before the 
public and scored another success hère. They go 
to Hailey, Feb. 20. 

L. A. 3810 is talking of an entertainment for 
next month, it is to be a stunner, if our commit- 
tees' work will hâve the fruit they expect. 

We had our new M. M. or superintendent of 
machinery hère the other week and from the way 
he looked around corners, we hâve come to the 
conclusion that he can soo a pièce of scrap with 
the naked eye better than most mon can with 
*'Uncle Mack's" microscope. 

We understand that the snpply department is 

to be abolished at this point and be under the 

Jjoad of tho M. P. Oar young friand St. Clare 

will be transferred to some other point, he will 
leave hère with the best wishes of ail. 

Bro. Munro has succeeded in having pass in the 
législature the Âustralian ballot bill which is the 
most complète bill of its kind in the United 
States. Also a mémorial to Congress, in favor of 
electing United States senators by popular vote. 

Rumor has it that we are to hâve our ûrst coat 
of "dago" paint in a week or so, the check board 
is on the way to be used hère. Can't see how 
this agrées with our Eigreement. 

Next month, if some of our wise men's plans 
mature, you will hear something "drop." as thèse 
parties are holding night sessions in one of oar 
saloons, and are going to **do up" a few of the 
worst of us. We hâve it that D. R. M's name 
heads the list. Just Êtart the bail a rolling boys, 
we will be with you. We had your chief con- 
spirator^s scalp dangling from our belt once be- 
fore, and next time we will keep it. A word to 
the wise is sufflcient. 


Hanna, Wyo., Feb. 24, 1891. 
Editor Maqazine: 

Work still continues duU at Hanna, and those 
that think of coming this way should remember 
this, there is not work for those that are hère 
now. The semi-monthly Pay Bill has gone into 
efifect. Those that was opposed to the law can 
now see their foUy, andwould not go back to 
the old System if they could. 

A pleasant entertainment was given Saturday 
evening at the M. E. church in honor ot the 
departure of brother Green. Songs, recitations, 
and instrumental music made up the programme. 
AU enjoyed a good time and went home well sa- 

Sunday evening, at the close of the service in 
the M. E. church, brother Green was presented 
with a copy of Thirty Years of Labor, the présen- 
tation was made by the Master Workman of L. A. 
2188 and in behalf of the brother Green while 
the heart is enlisted in the cause of humanity 
therefore it is with prof ound regret we part with 

The pleasant evenings spent in our sanctuary 
will long be remembered and the truth taught 
will never be forgotten. 


Abmbtbono, Kas., March 12, 1891. 

Editor Mayazine: 

In your issue of this month, your correspondent 
X. X., from Cheyenne, seems to claim for that 
place the honors of possessing the meaneet gêne- 
rai foreman, but right hère I claim the honor for 
Armstrong. Tho description of the Cheyenne 
shoemaker, fits our "RedBird," as far as it 
goes. He is not only not truthful, ho is a stran- 
gor to the truth ! He is not only over bearing, 
he is as insolent, as ignorant, and as conceited as 
empty hoaded. He not only carries taies, he en- 
courages tale-bearing, and spying, and tries to 
act the apy VvimaeVl, vAvôtiYi^ vï«g. «^ NtotVdng-man 


*Hmflelf, he was the bid^est sloach, and worst who were sent out to shovel coal, when they 

floldier in the shope, and now suspects everyone could get no one elso, were told to look to the 

of playing his own mean tricks. In the words of contracter for their pay. I think this is a little 

X. X., any of his men coold fill his position with too thin for men to be called out of the shop and 

maxe profit to the U. P. Company than he, a then to be told to look to a contracter for their 

petty tyrant to those under him, he is a f awning money. One who would never work, never will 

syeophant and lick-spittle to those above him. nor never iutends to, as long as he can get men 

Metzheimer used to keep him on the jump and to unload about 40 tons of coal for $2.00 and run 

run like a dog with a tin to his tail. He has so very poor chances of getting it. I hope the Com- 

£ar imlled the wood over Bruce's eyes and struts pany would pay and let the contractors go to D. 
on the fitrength of it. Bruce is a good man him- I was taking a walk up town the other day, 

«elf, with a çlean record, but if he dont look out after getting an order for coal and I met a friend 

our red-headed rooster will do him up, The of mine with his wagon and I asked him to haul 

character of this man is worse than I hâve said, me a load of coal. He said no, I can't do it, 

has long been public talk which would be unfit don't you know that Old Tom hauls ail the coal, 

for publication and yet he is inveeted with more and no one else can do it ? 
autocratie power than any general-foreman I " No, is that so. " 

knowof. He hires and discharges every man in "Well, that 's nothing, didyouever heard of 

the li- P. department. A Round House Fore- the milk and water trust that was formed in 

man lias no say in his own men, and the slightest Glenns Ferry, when T. P. was foremfui? " 
offence to the dignity of this upstart, dooms the '* No, what was that. 

ofifender forever, the saying is, Joe has it m for " Well, you see that ail the water this town gets 

Mm. Au Bout de Son says, " There hâve been no come from the company pipe ? " " Yes I see that." 
changes of officers hère the last month, but it is " Well, Old Tom has some cows and he brings 

ezpected. " Thafs so! Expected, hoped for, his milk to town." "Yes." 
and prayed for. I notice that many of the cor- " Well, T. P. had charge of the water and no 

respondents express hopes of justice at the hands one could get any water but Old Tom, and the 

of McConnell, and we think if Little Joe only rest of the wagons had to go to the river. So it 

kxiew one half about this gentleman his Royal was water for milk and milk for water." 
Nibs would not last longer than a snowball in *' I see, I see." 
Sheoll The shops are running 9 hours a day, this 

In his sight length of service and faithful dis- month, and some little over time. 
charge of duties, stand for nothing. Standing Mr. Robert Erret, the boUer-maker, got one of 

in! is the sole qualification, and an American his Angers broken on Monday the 3rd. instant, 
with ordinary self-respect, will be discriminated j ^^s around the shop the other day, Jim was 

against ail the time in favor of foreigners, who looking very grim. I don't see him so often at 

are still green enough to stand abuse. We are the Post-Office now, what's the matter. I saw 

hoping and waitmg to see if Little Joe will give o^^ j^^n with his hat oiî and the sweat rolling 

us releif . If he does, may his shadow never grow ^own his face like walnuts, I asked one of the 

less, and may his tribe increase. ^^n what the matter was, and he said that Jim 

Nemesis. ^as around. 

There is one saloon closed up hère, he says he 

n^^*r*r« -c-^^„ TU u oxu <oft^ did not get ;i5 cents from the K. of L. in Glenns 

Glenns Fkery, March 8th, 1891. .„ % . , - ,, u xu 

Ferry. I wish every one of them could say the 

Editor Magazine; same thing. Workmen be true to yourself and 

Just looking around, Glenns Ferry is not far to others. 
behind for anything mcan. The coal heavors Lavaeock. 

quit working on February 24th because they 

could get no pay and had nothing to pay their 

board, so the boarding boss could keep them no Omaha, Neb., March 23, 1891» 

longer. It is very hard to shovel coal on an . _ 

empty stomach. They called for their time, but 

lo and behold, nothing could be got. So they The législature is about toadjourn the Alliance, 

went to some lawyers to see what they could do, controlled both houses, rot and random was as 

and so they hâve been lawing evor since. Just prévalent as of yore if it has added anything to 

the other day the men had to pay half the cost of what we know, it certainly reveals a vast surplus 

the court and get out of town the bost they could. in favor of what we dont know, by 93 it is to be 

This is working for a contracter. It is a down hoped the surplus can be reduced and matters 

right shame that men who work hard should hâve equalize, ref orm will then be a shadow at least in 

to go to a broken down saloon-keeper for their the distance. A leading paper said : " The bill 

money. passed by the House imposing a penalty on em- 

Whenthey are shoveling U. P. coal andcoaling ployers or their agents who attempt to prevent 

np U. P. engines, if it is worth ViV^ cents per their workmen from joining labor organizations 

ton for the company to pay for unloading coal is worth to become a law, it is the inaliénable 

why not gave it to the men that shovel coal. right of ail citizens tobfe\oTv.'i,\» «sx^ «t^gaxcaa^«^ 

The other night while eating supper, 1 over- w^iicYittxey Ttta>î^\TL\LV\lS\«.^N«£vç»>i>û^^^^ 

heard a conrersation. Some of the shop men pxoYidmg\tàoeaTio\.ç«oS^çX.V^^ ^ûDfe x\^o^»» ^ 


othermen. Tbe MU is therefore eminentlï pro- captnra was tho main feature of die torm aud 

POT. WUl abiU of thls kind promote organûa- shonld the Alliance relum a majoritj in Kl il 

tiona. «ould aorpriae none t« see Boroo nwh moasorw 

I( it la the inalipuahle rightot ciCinena to Pll«mi Lheintertining timocolild benoue profit- 

belong to aos organiuitiun ood.plj-ing tba "blj Bpeot in rtndying ont tlie tme principlM ot 

sbore. what M«l otmch a law, llie fram™ of goTenimMit thao reuOiation lawa that aro bad 

(Mb btll aimplï resortad to noap and recindod the ""* «i^î ■""■ îmP">Te hy amandma Bbould be 

constltQtion. snch rot only serves to confune troated Uko the Bngar beet boimt y, a«a beat, 
workintt men, a bill imposing a penalty on em- Voto ttie indepondeut Uckut, try tho boyn agam 

phjïere oc their asenta who aUow man to go Bven if reaaonirained in the Bchoollof eipsrience 

wltbont thoir breakfnst in the morninn wonld " ""^ "«■'ï' ■" ^"^ ••*«''■ '^ '» simpla snpper. 
boeqnally ridîcnlona bntmoreeminentlyproper. Bbfobt. 

LBgiriatnroB arenBuaUrBumrandeil by a baud - — ■ 

of blattereliiteB eallwi a lobby in behall of labor Okaha, Neb.. Mareli 21. ISUl. 

theetatutesarelabored withnonsenae, tlieriglila 

of oittions tamperud wîtJj ond tLsir best efforts Editor itagmiiK: 

turned to a farce. Railroadmen wha assialed Ibe farmera Alliance 

Laborsothervictory vas tho defeat of a bill tn this State at the last élection, no donbt. feel 

that alloweda merchantto coltect foi Mb goode, elated at tbe efforts of the Alliance tnembors ot 

lery qneationablo acte for reformera eurely, the the Lesïslnt.nre to reilnce f reight and paesenger 

niprchont moBtlire aud tboea tbat will payinnet ral«Bto a pointaslaw if ootlowerthan the rates 

pay ail, we bave learned Bome few tbings nigh on now In force in any of the older atatea with twice 

to 2000 years of progresB saî» torbear. or thrice tbe populatiop ot this State, and Ht tbe 

It labors hour ot ilincontent lias dffindled ta a présent tUne tbe senste h in shuîod for Ihe last 

Bpeek on the horiwm, the grangecB day of diacon- *« bonr». and îikely to remain so for eomo Unie 

tant isinstdowning for nsnry, he is told there "aiting the arrivai of senator Taylor npon 

are alraady mortwaKed, tbe chances of tbe otbet B« 't b cononotdy oaU tbe Second Passenger 

10 per c^nt would be endangered, the présent rate. 

law cannot be altered ontU the romaining 10 per Th» Alliance raombers treatment of the rail. 

c«nt are mortgaged SBCuriJy against tho cyclones "™3a <« satiaty Homo cranka, may find eome day 

sweeping thom awny, certaialy Stanforda 3 per *•"' '^^y tiUed the goose that layed Ihe golden 

cent, govomnjenc loan woald be n blcesing, but ^8- I" '"'' ''*"' IflMf I preiUclnl Ihat tbe gar- 

tbo folks at Washington tbat mn banfai for the t^^bed luw wonld pasa it bsing introiincpd by a 

aceonunodation of the tannera thonghtit wonld JormeT Alliance mao, 1 naturally thonght it 

make them thrittle™ and so dopendeni eitortion w'™''! t™=' *>nt tbe tramer» of tha bill made it 

producBB and betler farmers tbaa Stonfords so strons thut, ibe eamtiBt Ûgli) of [be Central 

rsmedy at Imst one wonld think so to bear them I^bor Union hère Bocceoiled in doteating it, but 

complain, tbey are vigorons enongh for a bond ^ """^ ""e laboring mon aUowod tbemself to 

bloated etatosmau, StatJord advoootee the beused (o prolect the ûilerest of the material 

and for the reoplo ia only ench wben condacled "^ tha"" "> '^^ iulerest of tbo Soath Omaha 
to that end, the «oïBTiimBnt coold act as banker b"»'' sanis. but not a Word was said in the In- 
for the people as wali as foc WaU stroet. *e«*'^ "' '■''« to'lcond'e or the mea emploj-ed in 

Tl>anks .o the grangers for ohlîWrating the 'ïf •^j,™' """' ^ ™ ""^ leara somethiag 

Bugac bfet bonnty. McKinley done the same with " 

the ilnCioB on sugar it il was tbo only good act of Tho gênerai appearaneo of tho ahopa bore will 

bis lite, we now enjo» 20 pounds for 11.00 t-he soon conrincB a vlsilur tbat somo one is at the 

former pries of 10, Muob gaine is wortb felebiog heaj of tho Motive Power Department, who bas 

down, bouuties, dnties aod Bateidies are to this ^ l'^tl^ prids, and some conaidaratioQ for the 

nation what a flrstcUeenavy wonld be, a drain co-ntort ot tbe menomployod bere. 

npon the earaingBof tbe producen, for tbe sole Mr. McConoell baa s.lreadî comniencod Spring 

beoefit of the so cnllod leading or best families. cluanïug aud as a conBoquenoe Ibe Windows in 

tbis position is enjoyed only by thoBS or thoir tbe macbinesbop arolookiliKmucb clearec then 

Erioads not anfoctnnate to be poor. for some time it isn^t neoessary to go ontside (o 

The capture ot tbe Logislattmi eiceeded tbp ' 
eiliectntions of Ailiaoce momliers, as a body, 
tlipy aro honest bnt simple, in the midst of a 

BtcDggle tliey aro weak. ihe Pirates eoofused. i 

brow, beat and marched the militia ïnto tbe ' 

Capitol. Tom Scott marched a body of those McCunnell tbat it nould be asoDiveof mnch 

ereatnres into Pittsbnrgb a few yoarB ago. tbu plcasnrolo theemployes if tbey where pennilted 

mniority ruled and Tom's red slocking brigade to walk on a sido-walk from tho Webster stceet 

/i^.Jt 1" llio liills. gato inalcad ot tramping throngh tho mud ankle 


Thls loontli as been the stotmieM of Ihe wiaier Tlu' State iaBiBlatura. froin which w 

dÏBHbleii to Uii> ebupe fur repalrs and judglng Ukc ïta predcccesors, wïtli îev if aa; promieoB 

rrom iheeftons made to get thom ont again. tlio tiUfilleU. Will worMnitineQ ever B-wiuke lo thair 

comnaDï mnet be aboct ot engineB. own folly in (laitîiig Buch. and Icaru tbaC tbe 

Tbe workitiK tlme as liœn chiuigpd Dgiiia, tlils two old partiel aro kept in euatsiice, that thcy 

tims to !iî bonra per weak and while the atn«e- ma; b« bettor kept in Bobjectioa. When «as 

nientBpecïâea tbaL tbetïmBshall be fpom 7 a, m. tbare evf^r a tïuieiffb«n workinj^mau ukuw^d any 

icnse for it. Ihem that tbe leodere of tbcso old maobinoe, tbat 

lat BB weU D8 now make a farce of n repablioan fotm of boï- 

Tb« prPvaleDi» of La Grippe in thle oitr is Spring élection is now n«r et band, tbe tichcte 

caneing coimiijerable loxt tlme to tbe nhop loea nreinthefield. wbatistbereaboot (titherottbcm 

as 1 am ïnfûmi«l that at laoflt l^ p9r cent bave to indotje a mirkiDffuian Co Tote oae of tbeui T 

been off sick tbis laet tvo of thrin weeks. FrimarieB and Ibe faiee of a convention was gone 

now in b!3 depHrtmonte tbim at aay time since ated but tbe tkamea on it hadAretto Iiutb the 

(hocbanne of manaftenipnt, sanction of tiieparty boBs, wbo he said went on; 

8peakinff of tbe management it ia vbispered frienda of atf least two of tbe candidatna vt the 

(yerj low) tbat an enllce new cbsnge as far as lepDblïcan mocblno. said in the hearïnK uf yoni 

preBideotifl conoerned, U withintheprobabUitieB ootTnepondent, thejhad eot " Ikey Slavens " pro- 

of the meeting of tbe atock bolders next muntb. miae and if be did not go back on tbem tliej 

laminfonnedon tbebe5t autboritr that it ia weresureof tbenomination.BâneBtaleofHSaire. 

tbe castom of Mr. Uanning before givin? a man The democrsts taking ail into canHidcradon 

ItKjkingfor a juban anBwur n» to theahow tojtet bave pni up Hie cleanest ticket, which ia not 

ona to enriuire bis nationolity nnd if hia anHver soylng mucb, Tbe repnblicBna bavo iiamed for 

ia aatiBfaetoFy be eitber KetaajoboF aome en- mayiir Milburn who lias long been idantified 

any one antilsomeoQflcaU wbo is allriHht, may ableoitïion,bntmj-!can itbe possible thatheoaij 

bflhebaflorderatothateffeotfromaomeonoeither oomeoQtut tbat conveation of cottoanasa and 

iDOrDBtnftheabops. fillh, witbout being badly smeeieiiT I «ould 

Several changea bave b«en mads in the time llke ta think go in respect forhia other connec- 

keepors office and the drawing office by way of tiona. What hadhe topromiae tobeaUowedthe 

bave boen oouBideted cojniwtent for ymiB baye proraiBes be conBlBbuit witb what manj will na- 

iately become incompétent, ï Bnppoae there ie tutally expoct fromiiim ? If the workingmen 

nothîng Etrange abont that aBJndgea aometimefl would BPe that hewaa elected and see alao tbat 

diSer. overy otber man on the ticket ie deteated, it migbt 

IbadalmoBt forgotten toBBy thattheyaroatill provn a iBsson to the machine, that would be 

witliout a tnaater mechanic at tbe abopa aad I valnable. 

BUpposetbeï iatoniJ to try and got along witbout Apropositioato vole a (4*0,1100 additional iBorth 

oae for a tlme anyway as tbe candidatea aeem to gage on the dty WÎU be before the iieople, which 

be ail loBt aight off now. wonld make the mortgage ei.aOO.M» for pubUc 

BeftireoloBingl wotiidliketoaskBoraeone to improvementa. ItiaBaidtbia aida labor, bat I 

eiplaio how ia it that a flrat clasa ail ronnd raUtosee wbere, labotmuKt payitaU in the end 

Doaoh painter working in tbe car abopa ia only witb tbeintereat. ICia a mortgage on every home, 

wortb 35 conte per boQr. while a third rate man the onea beneËted are the money loaners and 

■working in the locomotiye depattmont (wbo real eatateabarkes, Ihey will liaïo nnloaded and 

Gome» from Grand Islaiid) is worth 27^i o<.'Ule pocketed tbe profits bofore it ia doe, and the 

per liour, both men working for the Bame boas, home maker must atand it ali. Workiugmeil 

looBtion (rom whence tlie tuau compa ont atiy bave effeeted older citles and caet their ïoIob 

Sgoie. solid againat any additionoi mortgage, at leaat 

Editor Magmine ,• Laeamik, Wyo., Hfar. ai, if 

NewBiB8carpebBre.tLie«orkiOK time bas been ^<i'f'"' Magazine: 

iDCTBBBea the same aa at otber place* on tho The most important thing that haataken i 

Ti. F. - 52 honrs per week. Tbe old abops are sltice last montb was tiie teariog np of tbe i 

«till oocupied, thougb quito a large nnmlier of tableund puttinga uew foundatïou undrr it 

93 ^^ 


We ai» now workinRnitie aarl n Imif houra five soil broii^t baik nt uigbt trotu «there tlii-; vlart 

daya, nud fonr ond a liolf on SutncUn^B. Tbe frooi in the miimiaB, and hou to nm on BL-luldDle 

niinrods arc plat«d Ht Ihi* arranBemeot on lime as tbeî hâve lo rnn OTor the MisBoati Paci- 

Batiiniuj, ninco the air ie fuU of tlie featliered ficttacli. UndorlhofirBtardorofworkinBhours 

QuEt* a noniber havA been laid npwith "la hence tho chantre. Bnmo men make a Breal ado 

grippa," bntBeBrlraJlareoniluty again. aboQt thaw ehangM. whan il iBSimpliin tlic in- 

Geurge Holi. who had hia le» hurt Inat montli tereat of the man. 

ha» dlod dini» wilh heart tronblo, ta it waa Mr. Joaeiih Roberle. gênerai foreman ul Uib 

claimedbj'hisphïaician. eliupa hère, becamo Hie talher of a bouncing 

Georgo Harria hna rotumed trom the tospîlal, baby boy on Marcli «eeond, the fitst and iinly .me 

bot hasnotaoneto Work yet. He dose not think in ten yeatUi mother and babï doiug well. Hb 

lie tdli loee Ihe aiobt uf bia eye. liu olieedy laid in a lortie Bappl; of aootliinH 

Mr. Kemla ia not aroiind yet. bnCagein his ayrups forUiababy, aoeh an poreBOTic, C'aatoria, 

caancutsBoiue fi^re. orul eome of Uotlier Winaluw's bianda. He is 

(Jeorae Byroe had hin foot hnrt witb whicU he now atQilyin« Wi'bpter'B unalwidged aictiuuary 

waa laid np and ho haa since had otber ailmenu »" AnJ b euitabie uame tji tall the yonng scion. 

that kept liim home. He told some of the bura Ihat if he ouuld not 

1 haïB had hardaymptoDiBor Ihegrippemyself. raiae thia boj tbat ha will reaiBU hia posilloQ in 

Wm. Roth and n. K. Flecit lia».- goao to Graen tho shups and join aom.. mouaatio order, an.l iWe 

jtÎTer to do BOQio worlt. • a iiftj of celibBcy therBottor-a wibo thouuht. Joe. 

Politica are KettiuH warra again in municipal The Company made a gimd many needtd 

ciFCke. and aeit monlh It will be gattùig atill ropaire and difTerent macl.inuB in tha lathe nxim 

jïTelier, The peopje's party hare put a fuli ticket of the machine hIiop Ihrongli the winter ronnlha. 

jo tlie fleld and eipeot to oleot it. The Company i* not hiring any new nien m any 

OurdnbmeotingacontinueinterwIing.eMpnoi- of the ilepartments iiere as yut. 

aUr einoe Ueacon Hayford haa corne up to de- The work in the machine ahop both latbc and 

niolieh onr platforni. He haa aaid aîncebiafiret ereoting room i» done by apprentiesa and a few 

attempt tbat he atimd aboQt as moch ahow in a old nien. Onb' sii mon aiui boja lu two gang 

cTOvni like thia. aa a man in hadea with his baok boBBea in ecectÎQB «hop. Tlireo laborere are nin. 

broken ami withont da-m. This will be abont oing tha three aïl» lathea, ono single and two 

al] tho chance theywill ail atand in the near donbhi headedandare giïing good satisfaction 

fowre wban wq bU Btao.l up to lie coonted. w^t*' '■^'p w'"-'' performed. Two of them gote a 

D Powdnrly'a article in laat month'fi journal on ^"U»' «>"* ^^^ **»'" " ''"ï' ^""^ ^^^ *"" doUare 

!Ï!i!™°nT!';^^^.™r*'L"??:4î!!!fi- ^Th^é ««me at«te ot affaira axiat, io .he h..U« 
""■ Ejhop, promntiug helpere, ail work lUme hère on. 

' The SoQth Side FJwtric Road paaaos the shopa 

eiemen^ ano nnm tnay nang aucn jnrora ana uib ^„^ ^alf hour, making connections wiU. Ihe 

bribegiïersitwiUgrowbolder. Klevated Railroad and the Hectric liueat Ai- 

Tlme ia ahm, Bo I wiU promiae mora nert „^^^^^_ gi.i^g (,, a,e eitimia of Armslrong 

*"""■ two outleta to Kanaa» City, MisBonri. The roniid 

■ rivis AmrbicAtr. jpjp jg^ ^^ ^|,y ^^ gf EleTBted Road U 1(1 oenta 

as it is huîlt in the intorest ot that mad. Il is a 

Ahmhtbusi; Ks March Ï2 Iflil grcatconïBnienmttithBBhop men. 

'' ~ "' Ererything ia going on prettj Binoolhlï aronnd 

Editor Muaaiiiie: theshop» henj. No changes roade lier» aince my 

The winter now heing a thing of tlie paat, laqt report. Tbe boapital ilepartmenl at thia end 

It was a mtld oue. The eoldcst wheatlier of of the road ia ably managed by the efFecieut and 

the soaeoQ woa hetweeD tlie catends and tlie idea toleuted Doctor Ferkina, Hc bas now a new 

of Marcli. Canaing a good deal ot aicknvss ambulance IhaChortcoiVBd Istely from Denver, 

amongat the man of the différent departmonta ta be nsed in eonreying the aick aud wotindcd 

of the sho|)B hère, moBtly pulmonary diaeaaee. fromlhe railroBdyardBDrahoiiadirect to eitbar 

whice in Indigecoua to this cllmate attcr a mild h^ispitu] in qoick tlœe. It muai be nndarBlood 

winlar. tbat we \tant no changea made in Ihe hcad, of 

On Maich flrst the Bho|ie veut on Rine honre tbe hoapllal at DeuTer, Colo. It might complt- 

for flre daya ot the week aad seveo on Batarday. oate mattera with tlie company in a ilirsction 

On Marcb sixteeuUi the working lioura was that the company in aware of. Hr. L. Parker an 

changedagain tonineand one half houra forËTB old and reepected mechanîc .ook auddenly iU Bt 

dayB of the week and four and one lialf houra on hia work on the ove of tbe ïOtli inat., had to be 

king trom eeien p. m, to fixe aud carried home in a haok in a Bemi-conaeinus Don~ 

[or ate daya of tbo weok. aud i]ult- dilion. but sooD reTived and will be at hia vork 

Balurday at.eleyen and one hait in a few daya agaio, Thomaa Hannon ei-maym 

f^at. The laat change waa mailein theinterast ot Kanaaa Citi'. Kaa.. vaa nominated yenterday 

*" - e men llïln« lu Wyandott. Tlie men livinK by the republican conventtoa for the aame 

itpotcloB of tbe <aty are convoyed to their office acBin. Saccesa to you, Tom. 

la tbe moraiog fv an es^ine ond two cnra An Boitt De Bon. 



OODEN, Utîih, ilAtch ajtb, ISHl. 

inery Btonnd them. Buchstupor dora uot dis- 

phijr a gnai amonnt of niBclianifim. 

Mr. MoCijnnoU'B arrfral Ib honrly eipocted 

Tbifl -heiBK tbe flret timo ïoc. hâve heard trom 

Bod bï BOroo greatly foared. as they are awaro 

hère lately, I hope yon will not thinlt lam aaking 

what sort of a man be is, and I will miss tny pro- 

too milDh wlii?n I imt yoa aiul the roiiderB cit the 

diotion if be doos not place a man in charge of 

MaBaiine to talce a short trip tlimngh the OBilen 

the mnchinp ahopwhu enn dla tinguish a tJauer job 

jards nnd repair tracke. As hae boeu tho case al) 

from ouo tôt a latbe. A f«w ol the belored oaw 

Oïer the Bjalem Ihia wintor, wd haïu baen short 

sny "ws bave boikI meohaoica iii cbarne," but 

haodrd haro hnt «bout a inouth ftso they pnC on 

a large fonte of luen and cleared the jaid of uU 

Qot answor the purpoee of two. espuciaUy whoro 

tho shop cars. 

W, P. Hort. the CuremaD. has ako had a rest of 

Wïbave bad se.eral wiwltfl the last moutb. 

Bbont two inontliB this winter, he waa aakod to 

One occurred on FebruBTî 2^, a few miles east of 

tuni tho JBOI oYor to uuotliM mai. hs dld so but 

Bonnyville, and several persons mire more or lésa 

be tUen giH miied up in the city eleotJOD aod 

knouked out bj bis Friends. thea he gol his uld 

anothar on the Alto hill in Wosbinston, a few 

Job baok D«ali> on the U. P,. be had a friend in 

dajB aftorwards. caused by tho orew ranniug 

lrtu> thought be conld not vork for any olber lamled tobelievethatthecompau)' couid make 

mon bnt Hart, so he gava his ton days imtîps abd better selectionB bt^e «bera experienced men aro 

heanit. Hp oamo back atter Mr, Hact took wanted thun bï sending mon &oni the oaet, 

chame tlie lont time, but uot. ae a nen mun, one vhare a emsller amonnt of expérience ie requirsd. 

one af the beetjobs in the yard, tlie job of loe- Walsh. ntlliinithis jub by April Urst, toacccpt 

peoting iiassenger trains and the man that beld a position us M. M. Cor the Oregan Impriivcmunt 

the job ail winter and gave (niml satisfaction tompanjon tbe Sound. We liopo tliat such ia 

(Hart's Dwn wnrdB} was «ent repairing in the not ibe case as his service wUl bu missed by alL 

freîgbt yBTd at teducad pay, 1 wonîd like to ask concerned. 

rsol tbe Magazine if they tbink that U Emlber Prosper hos acoepted a pusition witb 

tho W. B. & R. Co. Mr. I 

, ,„ „„ ^^„ je beginning doïelupments, but tbe man in charge of tho 

18 ia my first attempt, I dont Hke Ui say too "Ϊ ia eridenUy giving the beat oE satisfaction 

ich. Oor assembly te doina uicely, hoping to and doee not attempt to display tho ejtotism o( 

nble t^> du hflttw tho neit time. diBoharging tha duties of the M. M. Tbe supply 

lam ïon™. ^Ltr^r^n^f^ or me» Xre now whXTo'S 

WASATOH. man ^oes tbo work on tho outaide. It ia reason- 

ablo to suppose that thore will be a change thoie 

.g and Moxin will not haïe the privilège 

L. Ore.. Uarch Ifith, IS91. 

heonjiiys bi« bavana cigar. 

from Ihe appearanoo of the sbop and yard there 

will be no Ittck of work. There Is four or five 

in tbe shop is oceopiod. We aro having a variety 

aérerai peraous bave been Boneured for tha work 

of working hours o( late. The latest 1b »4 bon™ 

the first foor days ot the week, nlne honrB on 

tion yot, any more ihan to bUme aome innocent 

Fridw aud five honrs on Baturday. While tbe 

lime ht nine boors oach day at other pointa on 

iBsponaible. Uy wonld-be extermlnatoni are 

makiug a tmitless waroh to locale my wbere- 

maketB seama to be in great demand of laie. Eot 

Tenl to their ire. intermingled witb amblguitj- 

BO much by the company a. by women. Michael 

Dennia and Uarty Hahn had Ilio nuptual kuot 

tied about the fi a me time tho last week in Feb- 

ruary. Wo wiah them butli a prospérons and 

Tbat'9 right boys, giye the bosses a good time, 

Ôoe woid more before I conclude, I givi' warn- 

and you will be sure of n job while the busses 

bave one, aa it wonld he n hard matter for some 

ing to the ring wbo saes fît to ridicule thosu tliat 

of you to hold a Job long if a meohanic bad 

doee not tbink as they do that their conduct haa 

charge of you. A job of bossing hère is an 

been uotieed and if they do not amond thoLr ways 

empty bonor of late. aa the Bweepers draw tha 

I will be compelled to say something that mib-ht 

tho facte and «illVon™ eafti«\i.iM. v^-^^'^« ™- ^ 

BgemenC by paintîng their TÏca and ail the ciacli- 

vbMthes«Bt«m«i4B4i>V 'S.o "A ^o-^ -^-^V Vb ■ 



SnccaHfl to the Maf^zine. 

Sbobhome. Idaho, March lU'li., 13111. 

■ last^^^^ 

Editar Magazine: throush the nionth, wliile we mode loWof nionej 

Bf tiiB absence otnif \etU!C ttnai last moolb'e oor merchanU. lamber dealer, eCe., vers vcry 

Ua^Eizine. 1 feel atimewhat " «bakey " aboat libéral U> na, wfi coold mn anf bill "we «anted 

my Faolt, I will excosn yon thjtt time, — but, xt ïi a nreat many run to dœp in dubt did n 

appearain thisnamtwr, it will begood to nae aa on la; aBit aad rednctionâ, bnt the 

a oDiapariscin wilh tJiÎB letUr oiis month lator dealeia doee, nnd tlierefore hace gamiabe 

and the render wiU no doubt corne to the conclu- hundreda, now that money is ucarce, t" 

Biiin that the " Bon do move. " hâve tliair pay. 

Sboflhone Coopérative Co. ha« cloeod ila doore and out money enough to tuke thotn oui 

trom what I con learo, a laok of patronage iJie and where would they ga it tliey conid, we 

caUBo. heor the complaint ail oier iLe coantrj, np work 

1 will give Bome âgures oeit moath. to behndtorlovoDt money. A few more maohin. 

WearechaaHlllBOiir workingtime abonteTery iata were iinC on last month and we are 

working, * Mnllen ia bosB boiler-maker agaio aft 

It yuu dont "Btand in, " you wiirk nine and a politïc and tbe saloon basineBS. 

haU honrs per Uuï, four and a half Satnrdaya, W. L. Rydor, Bnporinteniiout ol Uie Idaho 

but it you belone to the gang, yaa can get youi jglon baa reaigned ta the gréa 

"nighta" le work ail nïght on aome other man'a men among wbom be had bot arery tew h 

job, and daring the day, go back to yonr Boft job, Oor old timo Iriend Mr. E. E. Calrii " 

and let AOme otber person do the Job that you oppointed to Ëll the vacancy with 

hâve wurked ail nigbt on, and could not do any- Uorria aa assistant antu-rinlendent. 

thing with. Wb bsw onr firat " Union " eogino We had a pleaaant Tiait from Mr. I 

tnrned ont with a pinch bar, the ■■gang'' worlied tî, p. apscia! agent from Omaha thess lasl daja, 

ail nlght sud untîl uuon the next day and tlxl^n he tavored a great numiier by radliUK at their 

had to dniB the engino to the roiind bonne with homea and at the aame time tBlieting theni of 

a huudred and tea ponnda of eteam on her. We mieh rnbbjyh hb &a old ruaty ax or tin paîl, picka, 

understaud thia was ralled quick work, bnt it etc.,ir icbod theU. F. mark on, anything foond 

waa the firettime we «aw cylindec beada and withthat brandon orlooklikecQrapsnyproperty 

chBBt covers taken of! to find a dimonneoted had to bo brought baok to the foreman the 

tbrottlB. When onr oew M. M. (?) weiumed the perty worked imder, the wheelbarrow bronght 

position on the Idaho division his great and only back by one ot the boaaee was not stiilen, only 

oard was be had uo nae for "Bnckere" bot from borrowedforan nnlimitod time, aome few were 

présent appearancae ba bas ose for no othar. [et ont on acooimt ot baving to many lanterna 

We are rnnning shope Ht two points hero. moat eu-., ail thut was gatbered by this oiergrown 

oI the work ia turned ont at the " niée man'a " Swcde, wonld not pay his wagee for one liays aor- 

saloon. When three (oremen and the "gang" get vice, 

tûgether they make thinge, ùeer lonking iiilti. We are on the eve ûf auother eïty electioa and 

The old management was ail tom to pièces betoto thls appeara in print the people ut thle 

hare bnt when we see thing go aa they do now It city will haïe decided who shall mlo tho city 

is enonKh to drive a man to drink. (and be betlflr affaira, the people'e ohoice Or the whiakey rings. 

oit tm it) drawing oat mnoing Ixiard bands Onr city chaîner ia only a few weeka old. and yet 

(rom ronnd iron, cellar bolts trom tbree quarter ve owe over l(,BOO. We bave 18 aaloona rnnning 

iron and potting three by threa qnarter inch day and nigbt, we hâve dlves ot ail dteoriptions, 

pllot bands on pilota are some ot the t w gB h nese opinm dens, honaes of ill famé of ail 

thenwe hâve abollahed IhA HQpply d partm ra wehavewarkinginenmarTiedHt that, who 

herei, and got rid o( Bolerk at SKj,00 p m th b h aes and rent to thoro. «ho arp to blame it 

and haïB tho General foreman do the w k h ae p atitnlea proslituta onr arma and tberein 

hnndred and twenty-five and a aeventy-Ë d liai tom etùin natray onr yotmg dangbt«re. thia la 

clerk Ihrown in d chriatian town. with S or fl chnrchea, 

We hnve nn aspirant for gang boas, h ia m k Tity Coiuioil le in favor af llcensing the 

ingakit of toola and a record forhimBelf h aee Their cicnaeia, if we gotto bave them 

rodhenoh. don't file np nota or boit boad fur rode letna get ail the money ont ot Ihem we can. it 

it takes timo, and it takes most ol the boya time vôil belp to ednoate onr children. I wonld rafher 

Eerent , 

J work 



then to get their learning trom sueb money. 

w wonld not go 

',J"-BiJfO jtWBB a: 

ml to Pocatello 

work. kind greetlngs to ail true membere la the 


diatrict, hom L. A. l«98, CttD»zt,BWiTT. 


Vol. VI. MAY, 1891. No. i. 

IS THE REPUBLIC ON A SURE a farce, tlien the goveniment ia 

FOUNDATION? based on a farce. The activity of 

the patriote of one huudred years 

The greatnesB of our nation is ago made its establishmeut poaaî- 
the boHstof itscitizens. No polit- ble. ita maintenance dépends on 
ical speaker leaves the roatrum the same factor; le it seen? Thi» 
without referring to ita gi-andeur. activity should haA'e increaeed as 
The child is taught it from the the nation grew older. 
cradle. It is sacrilège to hint o£ The désire for the formation of 
its shortcomîngs. Like many a republic was far from being nn- 
otber teachinga it ia accepted as animons at the time the revolution- 
an established fact, as indestruct- ary armies disbanded, there was 
able, an investigation of which the limited monarchy élément led 
would be a waste of time. But, by Hamilton, and the démocratie 
does not the fact of theprevailunce élément led by JeifereoD. The 
of 8uch ideas indicate a danger, a constitution was a compromise, 
wasting away of the power that Many of the foUowersof Hamilton 
made it possible to establish it, predicted its early downfali. Jef- 
and wbieh is necessary for its ferson was dissatisfied with the 
maintenance? constitution because it led too far 

It is a government that rests on away from the masses, butconsoled 
the will of the people. If it isfor himeelf with the hope that in time 
the people, the people can only the increasing intelligence of the 
make it so. If it ia by the people people, once eonvinced of the 
ail the people must exercise their beauties of republican institutions 
will in it That great mind that would lead them to correct the 
did more than any other single evils he aaw, but hâve they? No, 
individual to establish what we but hâve undermined that self 
boast of,said: "eternal vigilance is reliant power that makes liberty 
the priée of liberty." Does the possible, and hâve lived on the 
prevaliiig borabastic talk indicate glories of the past The atability 
vigilance. Will the aatisfied per- of the nation dépends now on how 
Bon be vigilantin guarding againet well and soou they are awakened 
danger? No, it ia only the persou from this lethargy. The alarm 
that knows there is danger. that is sonnded must be such as 

The principles on which this will convinee them of the danger, 
government is established, main- Kent, who ia authority on the 
taina that every citizen is a sover- jurisprudence o£ the United States 
eign. If this sovereighty is only in bis commentaries fta;^*'- "V -emi. 


not called upon to question the wealth, hâve taken in our legisla- 
wisdom or policy of preferring tive halls indicates what can be 
heriditary to élective monarchies expected with increasing force in 
among the great nations of Europe, the future. What can check it? 
where différent orders and ranks Nothing less than a revival of that 
of Society hâve been established spirit that actuated the men of the 
and where large masses ofpro'per- révolution. The desperate posi- 
ty accitmulate in the hands af sin- tion liberty is in must be realized. 
gle tJidividuals, and where ignor- The nation is far from being on a 
ance andpovertyiswidelydiffused sure foundation. The test, under 
and standing armies are necessary conditions described by Kent, has 
to préserve the stability of the not corne, he held that the de- 
of the government. The state of mands of the représentatives of 
Society and property in this coun- wealth and rank was the création 
try and our moral and political of the monarch and a hereditary 
habits hâve enabled us to adopt monarch was pref erred by them to 
the republican principle and main- an élective monarch. So long as 
tain it with illustrons success." wealth can dictate the élection of 

Such are words written in the président and senate the republi- 
early part of the century. A can form will not be disturbed. 
"state of Society" undoutedly ex- Let the people assert their right 
isted then that enabled the repub- and power and trouble will cër- 
lican principle to be maintained. tainly ensue. The indication of 
There was not then a millionaire this has been repeatedly seen, 
in the country. Poverty, as we thousandsof workmen are made 
see it now, was unknown. What to understand that they tnust vote 
would the same writer now say of a certain way or they will be sorry 
maintaining a republic under près- for it. In 1876, when Grant massed 
ent conditions? Is not the U. S. Troops around Washing- 

his description of the state of ton when the élection was in doubt 
Society in European nations seen indicates the possibilities. The 
hère now in even a greater ratio? movement that h ad in view the 
Do thèse conditions en danger re- third term for Grant also points 
publicanism? It is certain ly a to it. The writer ref erred to 
a question that deserves more than above and in connection with the 
a passing notice. Under the same subject says: "If ever the 
European "state of society" a tranquility of this nation is to be 
standing army seems to hâve been disturbed and its liberties en- 
necessary, is it not now the de- dangered by a struggle for power, 
mand of the holders of large it will be on this very subject of 
masses of property that we main- the choice of a président. This is 
tain one? Do they not in place the question, that is eventually to 
of it maintain a private army of test the goodness and try the 
the most disreputable cut-throats ? strength of the constitution." 
The writer ref erred to is unques- A condition ripe for such a test 
tionable right when he implies appears to be near upon us. The 
that a republic would be out of whole question rests on whether 
place and impossible to maintain, wealth will name the président, or 
with society as he describes it in the people. If the people, then 
Europe. The government will the other side, for the same rea- 
drift into a position in keeping sons they maintain a herditary 
with the condition ofthe governed. monarchy in Europe will attempt 

The position, that corporations to overthrow the republic hère, 
representing great masses of They hâve already, to a great ex- 


tent, Bccept in form. The power An alarm is always sounded 

that makes it possible for corpora- wheuever such agitations assume 

tions to enforce the conditions that any proportions, and it always 

many of them do on htmdreds of sounds one cry, "capital will be 

thousands of their employés is the driven away," as if man's création 

power arising from conditions should hâve greater considération 

favorable for a moiiarchy. We than man himself. This ia the 

boast of ooT greatness at a time fault of our civilization, man is 

wheii it ia liable to collapse like a placed in a secondary. position, 

bubble. KnovFledge of what is This conld never exist wtth the 

neeessary for the mai 

.ntenance of great mass of mantind in poverty 

a republie and then the propogn- and facing a continuai struggle for 
tiou oî that which is neeessary exiatance, if a cause — -selfishness 
niust be rapidly takeu hold of by and greed — did not lay with the 
the présent génération or it is great mass of huraanity itself. If 
more than liable to bequeath to the object of esistance was con- 
their successors nothing of what sidered something more noble than 
we boast and which was be- gain; with the facts rest the evils 
queathed to us in trust for future ofthe civîlized world. For the 
générations. We will hâve to ad- rights of property millions of lives 
mit that we hâve squandereditall. are sacriËced, and millions of 
^^^^^^^^^^^ others live lives of torment. Men 

THE RIGHTS OF PROPERTY. women and children toil day in 

and day ont receiving a retum for 

"Get ail you can and keep alL it that give them scarce an exist- 
you get" seems to be the upper- ance and hopeless of anythiug 
râost thought of mankind. The better unless the rights of men are 
greed thus ehown has been well advanced over the rights of prop- 
diepla^ed in the jurisprudence of erty. The excuse for low wages 
of nations. The rights of proper- is; capital cannot afford to give 
ty and tlie protection of property more. That muet accumulate 
plays an important part in the po- even at the expense of its produc- 
litical agitations of the day. The ers, and the rights of man must 
rights of man and the protection not be agitated, beuause it detracts 
of man hâve a secondary position, from that accorded to property, 
The press and the leading political and the mass of the producers, in 
speakers and teachers are princi- their blind ignorance, seem to 
pally under eontrol of those whole think it is ail right — ^the small per- 
existance is devoted to the accum- centage that hâve ever united to 
nlation and holding of property, advance the rights of man points 
or in getting and keeping ail they as proof. 

can. It ia reaaonable to expect Wealth has been made the 
that property should hâve prece- standard of individual and national 
dent to that of man. It accounta greatnesa, the Knights of Labor 
for the feverish uneaainess that is are oppoaed because they wish to 
diaplayed when men get together make moral and industrial worth 
and diacuaa the rights of men. of men the standard, It detracts 
The race might be agitated to such from the rights of property. 
a degree that they would not res- Labor organizations that hâve 
pect the right of property, when for their object the teaching of 
those alleged rights stood in the men their rights are always op- 
way of the rights of man and then posed. If the producers of the 
there would be a dire catastrophy world Blio\i\d.eNe.îS«.'--t'*«^_^''»^'*^;-. 
for the greedy ones. it\g tor axicV a -ç-atvo^'* '"^'^ """" ' 


mean its accomplishment, some their right to self govemment. 
are consistant in opposing them. Let every true lover of human- 
Millionaires would only be known ity be a patriot to the race and 
in the history of barbarians but fight for the rights of man making 
paupers would also hâve disap- them paramount to ail else. "To 
peared with them. get and keep ail one can'' will not 

The laws governing our civiliz- aid that. Insure to every man 
ation are based on customs handed equal opportunities and to every 
down for centuries as the accumu- man will come ail he needs, any- 
lated wisdom of mankind. If s an thing more is superfluous. 
article that plainly indicates its ^-_-__ 

source. A few révolutions that 
hâve passed into history hâve pre- RECIPROCITY. 

vented its being worse; a revolut- 

ing purifying process may hâve to One of the most galling condi- 
be resorted to in the future, if tions that faces the intelligent 
the evoluting process does not workman, the man who realizes 
make better progress than it ap- the defects in our civilization and 
pears to be making at présent. It would seek to aid in correcting 
is tainted with the ideas that at them, is the restraint he is forced 
one time made it the accepted wis- to apply to himself that he may 
dom that a producer had only the retain the opportunity to eam his 
existance of an animal, and of a daily bread. It matters not how 
latter period, that man wâs the ab- well he may perform his duties to 
soluté subject of the sovereign his employer during the hours his 
who was of divine origin. labor is paid for; it is either or- 

They f ound most of their origin dered or implied that he must be 
in the minds of those who f ared caref ul of what he does in the time 
well and who wished to insure the that he retains as his own. His 
same to those of a similar origin; individuality, to a great extent, is 
property right found a way thus to be given up. No élection pas- 
to be vested so that no changing ses withoutthis being seen. True, 
notions could easily shake them. with many it does not take much 
Every addition to the rights of to restrain them, for they hâve no 
man has been accomplished by the individuality worth speaking of , 
destruction of the rorce of some but that class does not suffer men- 
of the "accumulated wisdom" and tally in conséquence* of it, and the 
every addition in the future will suffering resulting in other ways 
come likewise, and continuai agi they are ready to accept as a mat- 
tation will only do it. ter of course. Many cannot be- 

Property sliould hâve no rights come a member of an organization 
that in anyway interfère with the intended only to give to ail men 
rights of man. No rights should their just due, elevate them intel- 
be vested in property that will lectually and morally and retain 
take from or injure the rights of their présent employment, or if 
those yet unborn. Our présent they do, conditions are made so 
System of land holding does do for them that they suffer in many 
that. If it is not modified so it ways. They are made to see that 
will gradually reverse the présent those who are decidedly their in- 
conditions, some landless and ferior as workman, less careful of 
homeless génération in the future their employer'sjustinterests, and 
will be compelled to revolute the are moral lepers, are given pref er- 
system and regain its lost rights, ence over tliem and not subjected 
is did the people in o^her periods, to many restrictiona andpetty an- 


uoyanceB. Take for example one tore in eveute in their daily affaire 

of that kiiid placed in a foreman'a aud do so witli good grâce ehoiild 

position; what muet be the infin- not be held up as an argument 

ence he brings, if, as is often the that they should not try to im- 

case hia disposition is to be a prove thèse influencing conditions 

drunken bnm, he certaiuly will fa- and because they do it, should not 

vor that class under him, aud at- cause the employer who does not 

tract them to him, aud be opposed agrée with them to eut off ail re- 

to aiiyone that would oppose such, lations with them. A man eau be 

and especially if it was through an advocate of the nationalization 

organized effort. The real em- of railroads, and still be an excep- 

ployers interests are notcousidered tionally good employé of a raiiroad 

in the least, no matter how tyran- corporation. It detracts in no 

nous the real employer may be, way from the résulta of his handi- 

he will not seeauy waytoincreaae work; the probabilities are that 

his interest by such methods, still he will be the beat; a thinking, 

the disposition shown by mauy reasoning man is always the most 

large employers to keep their raen relîable; more apt to know the 

at a distance and deal with them reason why; the workof afreeman 

as if they needed aclubatalltimes is al way s better than that of a 

ratherthan intelligent considéra- slave and will be fonnd toincrease 

tion, leads to just such conditions, as his freedom does. Freedom in 

Employers are making a great this respect does not mean animal 

raistake in such mat ter s, the re- unreatraint, but liber ty of action 

action from it is alwaya to their by intellectual power, that power 

losa. They hâve got to leam that that transforma the man from the 

human progresa will not down and animal. It eau be diatinguished 

that it is far better for those who in ail stages and degrees in any 

now oppose it to raeet it on fair commnnity. If a man doesaccept 

ground, it will not make the work- conditions of manual labor — whicli 

shop produce any less, but rather labor is only performed to supply 

tend the other way, a gain they are hia animal needs — that compels 

sure to be benefitted by. Work- him to not exercise his intellectual 

men and employers can agrée to individuality he is accepting the 

diaagree on many économie ques- conditions of a slave. The degree 

tions, aud still retain their friendJy being regnlated entirely by the 

relations to the mutual wellbeing exteut hia intellectual individual- 

aud satisfaction of both. Sudden ity is lost; the mind being the 

changes in our économie System qualifying factor of mankiud, and 

arenotgoing to take place; the the slave thus designated ean be 

présent relations of employer and classified as to hia value to him- 

employe, as to the direction of in- self aud society as a workman and 

dustrial forces, will be maintained a citizen as any chattel slave. 
for a long time yet. The honest man will advocate 

Regardless of whatever may re- only wliat he honestly believes in, 

suit from the agitation of social he in no way can be honest and 

économie questions, thero are im- detract from what he at présent 

médiate questions that workmen owes his employer for the wages 

are obliged to accept and adjust accepted. With this in viewthere 

them in accordance with aud un- never need be anyquarrel between 

der the influenceof conditions that the représentatives of a corpora- 

they may consistently advocate as tion and the body of the eraçlo^ea-, 

wroug. Because they must accept workmeii c;ft.Tït\.oV aïot&.'ws ■ïw^^^^»- 

conditiona met in dajly life aa fac- t'b.e ae\.a alWeÀt l'àS^o'»!^'^^'^'*^'^"**' 



a dishonest intent. Then why noyances of a strike. The proper 

should there not be a more recipro- management of the employés of a 

cal relation between company and great railroad System is a question 

workmen than is commonly seen? of great importance at présent but 

There are many things of mutual it can be made to virtually man- 

interest they can co-operate in, âge itself.. 

and remove many of thèse restric- -__i.^^^^^ 

tions mon gall under. Such can 

neverbe possible with organiza- CAN LABOR FIND LEADERS? 

tions left out. Organizations re- 

cognized and held responsible can In the April issue of TheForitm 

do much in solving those ques- W. H. Mallock contributes an ar- 

tions of discipline that haye ac- ticle entitled "Trades-unionism, 

quired grave proportions in the and Utopia," in which he classes 

management of a great railroad ail labor organizations under the 

System. Few men are so depraved gênerai title of Trades-unions. We 

that they will violate confidence print in this issue an extract f rom 

placed in them. No organized his article which con tains h isprin- 

body will. Ail that is necessary ciple argument. It can be profit- 

is to see that ail acts toward them ably read by ail wage earners as 

hâve the saùie honorable basis. it contains considérable truth and. 

A superintendent, master me- indicates where the other side be- 

chanic or foreman that gets the leives the weakness of the organ- 

reputation of being a liar among ized wage-earner lays. Whether 

those he must co-operate with in it exists in the degree the writer 

the daily industrial affairs, is a would make us believe or not, it 

failure, and the sooner he is re- indicates a point that can be pro- 

placed the better. Such a repu- fitably strengthened, for the bene- 

tation can be gained by implying fits that will accrue in other direc- 

a certain intention and never fui- tions. The argument advanced is 

filling it. It is the man that is similar to that offered by monar- 

open in his acts and promise, made chists against the practicability of 

either by direct word or implica- republican forms of government, 

tion, and never violating them, that a republic could not exist be- 

that will always hâve the confi- cause the people could find no one 

dence and support of those under trained to perform their services, 

him.^ A want the people very quickly 

There is no doubt but what the found a way to fiU, and in a sim- 

proper use of the eflfects of this ilar way the wants, which Mr. 

power of uniting men for a com- Mallock believes would prove so 

mon purpose will make many im- fatal should the masses attempt to 

provements in the industrial affairs manage their own industry, would 

of the country and without in the be supplied. The principle proof 

least running counter to those he has to oifer, that no man who 

more gênerai économie questions has proved successful in manage 

that the people, as a whole, hâve ing labor, has ever been found a. 

to deal with. The corporation leader in organizations of labor- 

that fears the effects of the work ing men, has little weight when 

of its employés on législation can we delve a little deeper. No 

remove that fear by meeting their cause has operated on such to set 

employés honestly on those ques- them in that direction. Just as 

tions that eflfect their mutual weighty an argument could be ad- 

everyday affairs, and they need vanced against the posiblities of 

neitber ever fear the cost or an- a republic, by offering the fact 



that iio king waa ever known to the country There, work is go- 
be a leader in a movement to es- ing on tliat ia calculated to raise 
tablieh a democracy. No cause the worker ont of the Bsrïile po- 
acts on such to make their inclina- sition he occwpieB, and make him 
tiona that way. There is aeen in capable to fill ail the demanda 
the article we refer to, mnch of the changes of time may make 
a disposition to uphold the theory on him. 
of the divine right of kinga, and ^^^^^«_— ^^ 
apply it to industrial atfair&. 

That by divine authority the king The Switchmen on the B. & M. 

is endowed with spécial powera railway hâve been conipelled to 

îiot found in the common breed, atrike to maintain their organiza- 

and that if the commoners eut tion; the Company having. dis- 

looae from him, they wonld he charged a number of their mem- 

like a ship without a helm. Like- bers at Lincoln, Neb., simply be- 

wise if the wage-tamers through cause they were memlDera. 

nnited action ehonld obtaiu the The awitchmen hâve undoubted- 

control of the means of pro- ly met with failnre because they 

ductions, and dethrone the présent were unsupported, yet they are 

captains of industry, they would supposed to be a part of a great 

be in the same condition. The federated body that ia intended to 

firat theory, time has prQvenf aise; support itsmembera in auchatrug- 

and the second has no better glee, and, there is certainly no 

foundation than the firat. AU the more ]uat cause to strike for, thau 

great industrial leaders hâve corne the right to organize. The same 

from the ranks and will, in the corporation has lately discharged 

future. They never was and never men because they were advocatmg 

will be mauufactured in uuiversi- the formation of a Trainman'a 

tiea. Nor are the environments Brotherhood. The Superintend- 

these leaders bring about their ant informing the organizer that 

sons, auch as are calculated to the company would hâve none of 

make succesa afamily trait. their employés membera of lahor 

With the posaibilitiea of man organizationa, corroborating what 

before ua, indicated by the re- we stated in thèse pages a few 

snlts of the past, it is impossible months ago, when firemen at Den- 

to say with certaiuty what ia ver were diacharged for j'oiniug 

XJtoijian. The word is uaed very the Brotherhood,. and for which 

much as a scareerow is^to make we were taken to taak by a certain 

the timid falter. semi-mouthly. 

In Trades-unioniam the writer The awitchmen hâve not been 

evidently seea ail there ia in the snpported; this, in connection with 

industrial agitation, and if there events that hâve tranapired on the 

was nothing more hia worde of Northwestern Ej,, and other 

hope to the ruling clasaea would places, does not seem to bear out 

prove a reality, but he under- the oft repeated assertion that 

estimâtes the deptha the agita- "fédération does exiat," "it is an 

tion ia taking. He has dealt en- accomplishedfact," but rather that 

tirely with surface indications, fédération that deservea the appli- 

and that displayed in the de- cation of the name must be with 

manda of the labor organizationa the rank and file, it must be the 

aa seen in daily affaira. This union of theemployesof arailroad 

indicates nothing as compared to System as the unit and a uniting of 

the discussions that aregoing on Systems aa a whole,wai«.-«îK«;rù.'^^ 

in assembly rooms throughout t\ift ('s,B.ii.mVai-3 \»«Qatïi»» 


be considered the concem of ail, that can justly be charged to pro- 
though not necessarily made an vidence. Christ taught equality 
injury to ail, a condition that is of the race, 
yet to be brought about. -— _-^i—_..« 

The Burlington company, in ail =!^===^ 

its acts toward its employés hâve The numerous strikes reported 
demonstrated that it deserves only f rom ail parts of the country does 
the everlasting hatred of ail fair not indicate a pleasant condition 
mmded men and ail such will re- of industrial affairs. Why not 
fuse to patronize anyone that avoid this by représentatives of 
would patronize such an institu- both sides getting together and 
*i^^- reasoning out some settlement of 

=-^---— —-- the différences. It has to be done 

r>. j- 1 r>i-i_i_ • i finally. A strike won or lost 

Cardinal Gibbon m a récent ar- gettles nothing. 
ticle m the N. A. Review, says: Their use has been in the Une 

"It is in accord with the econo- of teaching by expérience. The 
mie of Divine Providence that effects arising f rom them are the 
men should exist in unequal con- only means by which some mind& 
ditions in society in order to the can be reached. 
exercise of benevolent virtues." Men, who were imported yester- 

This means, if it means any thing, day to fill the place of strikers are 
that some of mankind must re- the striKers to-day. They are 
main in poverty, that others may passing through the same course 
hâve the pleasure of being charit- of schooling, and it appears as if 
able ; that others be depraved, that it would go on 'till the supply runs- 
cardinals, bishops etc. can hâve out. It must be a very bitter ex- 
occupation in trying to elevate perience for them as well as the 
them. We do not believe Provi- employers. 

dence ever had any thing to do The wage - workers form the 
with the matter. If it' did, it great majority of the people of 
would be nonsense to fight Provi- the world, and the people are go- 
dence with the first principle of ing to keep advancing in spite of 
the Knights of Labor, viz: tomake the minority — a fact the minority 
industrial and moral worth not must admit ; they are not going ta 
wealth thetrue standard of individ- be puUed back. Itsimply is going 
ual and national greatness. For that to resuit in more enjoying what 
does not leave any room for un- they do. The différences will only 
equal conditions. With mankind benoticablebycomparison. There 
raised to the standard, benevolent is enough in the world for ail, 
virtues would not be known. Much and there is ail the muscle and 
of the develtry of man is laid to knowledge necessary to f ashion it 
providence. Trace back the cause into every needed use. The whole 
of the dégradation of the lowly of trouble has ail along been that 
the race, and it will be found to the many hâve been unable to 
rest entirely in "man's inhumanity use the muscle and knowledge 
to man." It is to stop the cause they hâve for their own use. The 
and set aright the wrongs already bulk of it has been given to the 
perpetrated, as far as possible, and f ew for the privilège of having 
make the world what providence enough of the remainder to exist 
intended it should be that must on. There is going to be dis- 
occupy the attention of those who satisfaction and différences until 
wish to exercise benevolent virtues. this is adjusted as it naturally 
There is nothing wrong on earth should be. 

■f 1 


STOP THE STEALING OF THE RICH, to know tliat honeaty îb the nobleet 
, production of nature; instead of trying 

,vill not be Oblig 
Order to Uive. 


to make men honest through fear 

tom, or law, teach them that there ia 

notbinp; bo despicable aa a moral cow- 

' ard, and that the greatest incentive to 

In every direction, through contri- morality, and for ueefnlness, is by so 

butions and able editoriala, in nearly hving to-day as to prépare for to-mor- 

all reform and industrîal journala, row. 

there ÏB évidence of an awakening of Men hâve b«en linownwhoaaw noth- 

the people to the real issaee of theday; ing unnatural or illegitimate in own- 

aod a Btill better évidence ia tbe better ing slaves, who were often heard to re- 

aupportof thBBe papers. The maaBea peat the words: "AU men are born 

are beginning to reap the fruité of the brothers," "Love tliy neîghboras thy- 

laborofthe pioneers of the paat, who self," "Inthis the law of the prophet 

dedicated their aerviees of almoat a is ftilfilied." We know men to-day 

lifetime for the benefit of the human who claim to be foUowing the teach- 

timily. Many of thesepioneersHowed ings of their professed master — who 

good Beed for future générations, but eleaned out the temple of money- 

the hoeing and weeding by thoae for ehangers— who are speculating not 

whom the seed was aown, haa been only in mooey, but in nearly ail the 

fearftiUy negieeted. For more than necessarles of life, ahundredfoldmore 

balf a century theae hardy pioneera than the raoney-changere ofold, 
hâve been trying to aronse the masses Their master will never be able to 

to a senae of duty; for many yearsthey rid our temples of them in thiscountry 

bave been trying to teach ub that in- without the vigoroua aid of tbe people, 

st«ad of toadying to wealth and poBi- and thia aid will never be forthcoming 

tion, the toilera ahould occupy the top~ bo long as conatituents, or electors are 

most round of the Bocialladder. Instead ignorant of their rîghte, or so long as 

of honoring law-created thieves. to legislators delegated by us are not 

acom the injustice of executive clem- taught to understand that they are, 

ency that ia dealt out to the man who représentai vely apeaking, the people 

ateala thouaands, to gratity some pas- in convention, and that they should 

aion, while he who steala from necea- a«t as the expoundera of our interesta, 

sity something for himselfand family, aa servants morally bound to observe 

îs never pardoned. For many years our wishes. When they legialate con- 

they bave been trying to teach ua that, trary to our interests, they ahould 

if the government will atop the steal- merit the contempt due ail traitorsand 

inga of the rich, the poor would not be tyrants. The frugal, industrous tôlier 

obliged to steal in order tolive. When must bave auch wagea for hia toil aa 

a man is hungry and ateala to satisfy will enable him to live in comfort and 

hia appetite tbere is some excuae for decency, and accumulate a aurplua for 

hia act, but when men ateal who bave the emergencies of sickness, accident 

already large aalariea, derived from and âge. An industry that cannot af- 

the product of the labors of others, ford such wagea without levying trib- 

men who hâve no temptationa, sur- ute on the masses through legalized 

rounded with comfort and luxury, aid, haa no bleasings in it, and the 

there ia no excuae for them, and there aooner il dies the botter. The best 

should be no mercy. good of society iteelf eannot be enter- 

Instead of fearing ail laws, we muât tained unlesa each leam tostajidalone. 
learn to know our rights and demand In the one question ofvoting,a.U.tfc«. 

them; instead ofatudyingereeds, Btudy intereata ot ttae ccia"D.Vr3 ÔKioa.ivû. "ûwsS^ 

the déclaration of in dependence; in- out\a,\Vft o.-ïeaoïî»o«i&.— ■Baa-"ï«^'^°f™% 
stead of wasting incense on idole, leanv tbe alaVe oï ■^^gt-aù.txfe -B\àc 



adopted the Australian System — ^as to ail other property to the extent that 

protect every citizen to use his own in- bonds had appreciated. 

telligence, and his own conscience in Third: The demonetizing of silver 

determining the proper use of his bal- increased the value of bonds ten i)er 

lot, using ail the light he can gain from cent and for the third time decreased 

every source, it must corne to this de- the value of ail other property, except 

cision and to his own act if the princi- money, which through our banking 

pies of our govemment as laid down System could be, and was, still fiirther 

by our forefathers are to be re-enacted contracted and still further preventing 

and upheld. the equal distribution of the product 

There is a law on our statute books, of labor, and still further destroying 

signed by George Washington in 1792, the ability to purchase. Notuntilclass 

that says: **No person who owns stock législation placed obstacles in the road 

in a banking institution or in an y in- totprogress, by beneôtting one class at 

stitution that issues notes to bearer or the expense of the other, were the ef- 

order, shall be allowed do be a member forts of labor hindered in its natural 

of this house." Had this been allowed accumulation of wealth that justly be- 

to remain in force, our law making longed to it. We déplore the condi- 

machinery for the past thiriy years tion of the barbarian of the past. A 

could net hâve been in the hands of few things at least are true of those 

the money power of this nation. The whose conditions we recall with sad 
vast accumulation in possession of recollections. In the time of the bar- 

nearly ail senators and many congress- barian, if he made a coat out of a skin 

men would not be recorded to the dis- that it took weeks to tan, it was his. 

grâce of the nation, whoto wealth He was not obliged to sell it to pay in- 

should be measured by the many rich terest on a nation' s bonded debt, or 

and the few poor. The mystery of hide it from the tax-collector. If he 

their vast accumulations vanish, when cultivated or planted a field, he was 

we learn that in less than twenty years not compelled to eat the refuse, and 

they hâve changed the contract be- sell the best to make a payment on a 

tween the people and their creditors at mortgage. If they were without 

least three times, and each time against schools, railroads, labor-saving inven- 

the in terest of the tax-payers', first by tions and labor-saving machinery, it is 

bonding the indebtedness, which ab- no less a fact, they were wanting in 

sorbed the treasury notes, which de- prisons and tramps. The condition of 

creased the volume of currency in cir- the barbarians was déplorable, but it is 

culation and compelled the producer no less a déplorable fact that the tramp 

to pay an average tax of 6 per cent in- has corne with the locomotive, and as 

terest on bonds. This not only com- McCauley predicted, **beggars are met 

pelled him to pay the interest on the under the shadows of the universities 
others investment, who, by virtue of and muséums, begging for alms." 

the investment in bonds, was exempt Jno. Lock said: "whoever owns the 

from taxes to the extent of their value, land, owns the people." 

butin addition the contraction of the Garfield said: "whoever controls the 

volume of currency decreased the val- currency of the nation, rules the peo- 

ue of the products of his labor, and the pie." Whoever controls the land and 

value of his property. the currency, not only owns the people 

Second: By the crédit strengthening but can, and does own and control ail 

act — five years after the debt was con- labor-saving inventions and machin- 

tracted when there was no necessity ery, and thereby controls the oppor- 

of borrowing money — which made tunities and privilèges that were bom 

bonds payable in gold, thereby increas- with the human race, 

in^ their value 25 per cent and again Capital combines and strikes for an 

liepreciatiDg the productB of labor and increase in the pxice oî \Jùfâ ^Toducta of 


I otu- labor. Labor combines for the tegrity of tbe people withoot a 

I aame reaaon. When mengoonastrike epecie ba:Sia, for tba epecie had ail die- 

^^^^■^ -we âo DOt fiBslst them because we wiab appeared, as it alwaye will long before 

^^^^^r to support tliem in idleness, for car as- there is any real danger; thèse notes 

^^^^^P Bistance ÏB of a nobler character than were ou a par with gold when it took 

H^^H tbat of the oapitalist. 385 cents of the nezt issue with tbe ex- 

P When our brothere and sisters strike ception clause, to buy 100 cents in gold. 

[ we send them somcthing to sustain Such a money as the first issue would 

' them in their flght, because they are hâve been good as long as the govern- 

oontending for living wagee. We are ment stands, if ieaued by the govem- 

only asaisting them to jiay good priées ment nnder a System that would be 

for the products they consume, that duly and properly lïmited in amount. 

will enable the merchaot to live and It would be the mostperfeot, économie 

pay for his goods, and enable other and just of which the présent knowl- 

producers to pay otf their mortgages edgeofman could eonceive. This is 

or notes without quite so much hard the verdict eatablished from the history 

labor, and save them from the doom of of many centuries past, in the exper- 

perpetual servitude. The neceseity of ience of civilized man. Jno. Stuart 

having a fair priée, has, and its im- says: "If the bulk of the human race 

portance to the gênerai welfare of ail are to romain as at présent, slaves to 

mankind mnst bave a beginning; that toil in which they hâve no interest, 

beginning is with labor; when that drudging from mom till late at night 

brings a good priée everything else for bare necessities, and with ail the 

doee. On this rests the prosperity of iutellectual and moral deflcieucies 

the entire nation. which that inflic te— without leaources 

Labor always takes the lead, and either in miod or feeliug— uutaught, 

money follows. Mooey cannot per- for they cannot be better tjiught than 

form its function, thepayment of debt, fed; selfiah, for their thoughts are ail 

without the aid of the products of la- required for tberaBelves; without inter- 

bor. est or sentimenta as citiaens and mem- 

I Just so long as the money power, in- bers of sooiety, and witha sensé of iu- 

I stead of tbe govemment, can control justice rankling in tieirminde, equally 

I the volume of money, so long will it for wbat they bave not and what 

I control tbe people. Just as long as our others bave. I know not what there 

présent huancial System is allowed to is wbicb should make a person of any 

exist, so long will there be an etemal capacity of reason concern himself 

conûict between Capital and Labor, about the destiniea oftbehumanrace." 

because Capital wauts cheap labor and la this an exagération of the condition 

dear dollars, while Labor wanta cheap toward which we are drifting? If a 

dollars and dear labor. Each stands further incentive isneceasary toarouse 

ready to take advantage of the other. you to a sensé of duty, then learn that 

It bas been stated by higher author- tbe bribe givers are growing bolder 

ity than tbat of tbe writer, that our with the money they bave robbed the 

government was compelled to horrow producera of, they are bidding for the 

money to carry on the war. I am on honor of repreaentatives. Those 

the side of the government. I will de- who are accumulating vast fortunes 

ny this lie for it. The constitution of care less for a human being than the 

tbe United States saya: "Oongreasaball South American contractor who was 

hâve the right to create money" to asked topntupamovableshedeovered 

carry on war or for any other purpose. with ahingles to protect bis men from 

The Govemraent did create $80,000,000 sunstroke, who aaid: "men are cheaper 

oftreasury notes, good in payment of than shinglea; ahingles coat «va&e^î'' 

ail debta public and private. Theae The ml\\\oïia.\"CB -«"iniXa wïT:î<5'«ft&«^ 

i notes were based on the faitli and in- owr \arg,e (Àtvea ^Wa -càïfeT^ 



deg^radation, who dœs not even con- Egypt over ail the world and from 

tribu te a dollar to improve their con- ail thèse orders, Moses ( wbo was leamed 

dltion, is no better than the owner of in ail the wisdom of Egyptians) proba^ 

a pile of lumber on the shore in sight bly derivedmuch ofthat wisdom whieh 

of a sea-wrecked vessel whose load of made him the greatest law-giver in the 

human freight is seen battling with world. From thèse the Greeks made 

the waves, who refuses to give a few models of institutions which lasted to 

planks to save them from drowning. their latest day of historieal glory. 

The new politieal organization about From thèse the Druides of Britain, 

to be formed must be born to fight the modeled their religions rites so impos- 

eursed System that is increasing their ing that nothing but the révélations of 

number. The masses are not asking the religion of Christ could hâve dissi- 

for charity or alms. They are only pated their power ftrom thèse. We 

seeking the privilèges that are born doubt not the Aborigines of our own 

with the human race. **The equal land hâve derived by tradition, their 

right to life, liberty and the pursuit of annual festive cérémonies, to which 

happiness." Thèse demands must be none but their own blood and nation 

granted or the whole fabric of our civ- are ever admitted. That such societies 

ilization is liable to crumble as did that existed in ail the ancient empires of 

of some of the ancient empires. the world, we hâve abundant évidence 

H. Breitenstein. ^^ ^^^ pages of history. We read that 

^^^^^^^,^,^^,^^^,^^^^^ the highest honor that could be be- 

stowed on Hippoerates in the city 

SECRECY AS A FUNDAMENTAL PRINCI- wherehisart first triumphed so sig- 

PAL IN ALL GOOD GOVERNMENT . nally, was to initiate him into ail the 

aiysteries of their secret orders, to 

. , , , , . , , , r A oi^a n i which stràngers were never before ad- 

An addresa dehvered hefore L. A. 3468^ Carbon, . ** 

Wi/oming. mitted. 

But thèse ancient orders with the 

Brothers, I will try to oflfer a few causes that made them useful, hâve 
points in favor of secrecy and secret passed away before the transmitting 
societies, with the hopeofcausingben- handoftime. The religions sublimi- 
efit to ail organized societies and more ties of Egyptian and Grecian mythol- 
especially labor organizations, but ogy hâve given place to a holier and 
should I make in your judgement, a more simple religion, the precepts of 
failure, I hope you will hâve at least which are written upon ail the pages 
charity enough to throw the vail of of Naturels great books in characters 
humanity around me and remember so plain that the weakest in intellect 
that I am flesh and blood as well as may read them as he runs. This has 
othermen and liable to ail the er- ended the mystery that was once 
rors that humanity has fallen heir to. deemed necessary to préserve religion 
Secrecy and secret societies for mu- from oblivion. The archives of learn- 
tual relief, protection, instruction, and ing, two, has been spread before the 
religions worship were probably first world by the magie power of the press, 
known in Egypt, in the days of her while science is knocking and impor- 
greatest glory and refinement. His- tuning at the door of the humblest of 
tory has handed down the renown of the poor that its inmates may be made 
the cérémonies which thèse secret so- wise. Hence the mystery of that mo- 
cieties enacted at their festivals, the nopoly of wisdom which once existed 
feasts called, Cerealia of the Eleusinian with the priests of a heathen religion 
Order, in honor of Ceres, and the Dy- has vanished, and its alters hâve crum- 
onisia or feasts of Bacchus, together bled to the dust. 

with the Order of Pontifices, of Numa, But the gênerai diffusion of science 
Ajii£- ofJRome, were propa^ted from or evon the divin© light of a wisdom 


tliat coiueth from above, may not a!- principle, eecrecy, that wae in the be- À 

wayB relieve from oppression or aid gitining, as now the chief protection of" 

and comfort the eiok in body and the mankind as the governing rule to do 

broken in spirit Though wiedom and our business. Surely there t 

dévotion need no longer the v?.il of nesa men who hâve secrets which they 

myetery over theiraltera, the heavenly will not allow to pass their own lipa. 

attributes of charity atill loves the Professional men alao hâve secrets that 

shade— still loves to shun the eye of are known only to men of the i 

the world and do good by steaith. Let calling. Corporations hâve secrets 

no one say that there ahonld be no se- that are never made known to the 

cret concert in the eultivation of the world at large. And wbyî I ask, _ 

virtues of benevolence and humanity. ahonld not laboring men aot on the ■ 

To those who posaesa a tolerable ac- same principle. Why not secretly or- 

quaintance with human nature, and ganize; secretly meet and tranaact 

are in any wiae familiar with the bis- their business, keeping conatantly hid- 

tory of mankind, either paat or près- den from the gaze of the world atlaige 

ent, the importance and naefulness of their intentions. Keeping conatantly 

aocietiea in amelerating the condition before their own minda the avowed in* 

ofman, in correctingthe evils of bis tention of getting at leaat a part of the ^ 

nature, and bringing forth latent prin- wealth they are daily earning, that ■• 

3 of bis mind into healthful c 
9 sufQciently obvio 

. they and theirs may enjoy at least s 
part of the hlesaings and comforts that 
And now brothers, while I don't pre- the Great Creator is daily bestowing 
, to the world. 

And now in conclusion I will add a, 

few remarks concerning labor and la- j 

pnnclpleor,ooreoïh.dit.orig,n,th,s ,,„,,„. j „ii, „t you bow do<« 
I do claini, that it mattere not whelher ^^^^ ,^^„^„„ „,„ ,j,„a ,„j,y „ ^ ' 
ltorlglm.Wlnthed.y. of that good ,i„.,ea ^y the worldî I.hon»pect«d 
old.eaoapta,n, Noai orattho budd- !,„„,,(, i, ho honored bj tho riob 
msof the Temple of Soloman or tho ,,,„ ^^^ accamnl.ted Immen.e for- 
Tower of Bable, whether before or nf- ^^^ ^^^ ,j|, ^^ ^^^ ^^ j,, 
ter tho>e .topendo». and «plendid ^,, ^^^, ,, ^e bonored bj tbe people 
!!!!t'™""" *"L! ,™"°L r; >>y l>«l°e honored by being «>nt 1» the 
mr.D nno inir législature to provide the laws tliat his 

expérience teaches him ia actually ne- 
cessary for the protection of his health 
and even hia life, while he is atriving 
and toiling to secure an honest living 
for himaelf and a fortune for someone 
elaetorob him of? I would answer 
surely not. He is scorred by s 

ivenward, almost tonching the 
skies, or whether it waa in the cedars 
of Lebanon or on the Arid Plains, 
whether on the dark continent, in the 
days of the Blaok Prince, whether in 
time of peace wben ail waa tranquility, 
or in time of war wben the band of 
tyrannj and oppression was stretched 

3 land with blood dripping tj^^^uced by tyranny; ignored by cor- 
fromitaeveryfluger.thiswedoknow, p^^tion officiais; opnressed by ignor- j 
thatithaditsongin in etemal truEh ^nt legislatora, and "flnally sent t 

and never-ending requirements of hu- 
man nature, and bas grown as civiliza- 
tion bas advanced until it hai 
one of thefUndamentalprinoiplesupon 
which freedom now eaists, a 

pauper'a grave. But brothers, I think 
if you will profit by the few remarks 
' made hère to-night and study this 
i principle "secrecy" in ail ita 
bearings and judicially apply it, the 
wiU aak who will dare point the flnger présent condition ofthinga will aoon 
ofscornatK.ofL. becanae they bave disappear, and Labor receive her just 
organized for the élévation of mankind ^^^ ^^ j ^„ ^^^^ ^^ ^.^^ doeCT* 
both morally and socially, juat merely for this eame îeW-àeùVTo^at "'w»ïties?j ;■■ 
I hâve adopted tbis same tbat çeoçVe m&^e »o -kvxwiV a^^-o iiS«ï«s- 


EIGHT HOURS A WINNER. Indian, he sought to strike at the root 
of an evil and exterminate the whites, 

This question has bloomed for many for which he was exterminated. There 
summers, while the fruit is small, the is no danger of Gompers. For a a bar- 
demand is universal upon which the barian of his day Sitting Bull had few 
ablest in the ranks f rom time to time equals among the civilized tribes, but 
hâve written, failing to impart any we are so wonderfully progressive, 
light other than their approual. Inter- The Chicago carpenters hâve decided 
national conventions hâve referred the to take up the eight hour ôght where 
subjecttotirae, as did Grady with the they left off last year. To décide 
negro question. Even the American where they left off last year can be 
Fédération of labor adjoumed without overcome by starting over again, and 
discovering a fertilizer, butfavoredthe should victory attend the coming effort 
enjoy ment of the fruits thereof when- what safeguard do they propose to in- 
ever matured. Yet Sam Gompers sure its stability against industrial de- 
don^ t despair, but continues to stir up pressions when we find thousands only 
strife and contention, not even con- too anxious to work ten or more hours 
senting to corne down and review the even below what is termed standard 
cause of repeated disasters. In the wages. Our civil laws were designed 
face of hope long deferred, he refuses to allow the few to walk out in the 
to loan support to the majority, which morning to get an appetite for their 
alone means victory, but advises his breakfast, and compell the majority to 
handful of folio wers to continue upon find a breakfast for their appetite. 
the first of May to butt their brainsout regardless of Sams or ciphers, thèse 
against the vaults of the' bloated capi- conditions must change before the âge 
talists but by no means to take part in of rest can surplant that reason. If the 
politics. Reforms through six-inch Chicago carpenters are not misled they 
sewers are as obnoxious as the evils, it will amend the date of striking from 
is only a matter of time when dry-rot May to November. Industrial reforms 
overtakes them. The farce of enacting such as tax réductions and govemment 
the eight-hour clause upon the statues controU to the interest of the masses 
of States and nation fails to longer en- will alone insure eight hours, without 
tertain an audience. La-vs of the farce inflecting any further burdens upon 
comedy stripe are too numerous. The those less able to fight single handed 
surplus in the treasury of the nation against monopolized labor or capital, 
speaks plainly of the brains and sine ws Strike upon the broad platform of 
going to rot under false représentation, equal rights, equal pay and hours for 
With close on to $200,000,000 of a sur- ail, upon the first of every November. 
plus in the treasury, surely the parents Study well and don^t fear to enter pol- 
of the protected infant industries must itics. SiD. 

hâve pocketed thrice that amount eacn ^^^^^^^^^^ 

year. Yes Sam said, don't mix with CAUSE AND EFFECT. 

politics. While the wealth of the na- 

tion is being steared into a corner, the AU railroad officers kick about the 
producers, which are the farmers, work men trying to manage the road when 
sixteen hours and are starving through- they resist their right to discharge a 
out the west, and to save this glorious man without good and suflacient rea^ 
nation from disgrâce, he is refused sons, which must be stated. PerKaps 
national aid for fear the Russians might things are not just as they ought to be, 
hearit. While Sam' s folio wers stake but ail of them can hâve the satisfac- 
all on eight hours, the capi talists they tion, if it is a satisfaction, of remember- 
so faithfully serve by keeping out of ing that it has been the injustice and 
politics, refuse to grant it. inhumanity of themselves or other 

Sitting Bull was considered a bad railroad ofiftcials that hâve brought the 


arbitrary demande aboaU Fdt yeare ARGUMENTS THAT ORGANIZED LABOR| 
it has been customary to diecharge SHOULD CONSIDER. 

Bomebody for everyacddentof noteon . 

theroad;the officiai in chaîne muât * * * We muet admit that thoi 
clear his own skirta oF the charge of récent developmenta of trade-unioa-J 
faulta of operating, the road of mis- iam havebeen aurpriaingin thelaetde- - 
management; it satiaflea the public and grée, and vividly auggeet the Mnd of 
prevents comment and perhapa law- resuit we hâve been conaidering, al- 
BUits, etating''that upon investigation though they do not promise orportend 
it is found that Oonductor A. and En- jt, They force on the imagination A^^H 
gineer B. cauaed the wreckatC." En- picture of that result, but they do not^^^f 
gineer B. was killed in the wreck, and offer to the judgement any indîcationH^^H 
as it waa his fault his wldow doee not that it is possible to realize il. On th»<^H 
eue; Oonductor A, goea away branded contrary, if we consider them diapas- 
and the officiai sneaka out, Had rail- aionately, they do the précise opposite, 
road officiais alwaya been deeently feir in the flrat place, tue foUowing facta 
the men would never hâve organized muât become apparent to us. The 
to défend themselves, as there would wider the attempted soope of the union 
bave been no cause. But men alwaya or fédération that we epeak of, the 
go farther tban isright in a caseofthis more difQcult will become the task of 
kind; they feel that intereat is due unîting the varions sections to be com- 
them, and try to make a right ont of priaed in it, and the greater will be the 
two wrongs. The iinreaaonable de- antagonistn of intereat between thèse 
mands they then make ooly tend to sections. Until ail the climatea and 
harden the higher officiais against soils of the worid shall offer equal ad- 
them, nntil the employés of a road re- vantagea to the laborer, there never 
semble two armies facing ea«h other, can be a community of interest be- 
a battle being avoided only because tween the laborers of aUcountriesjand 
eaoh is afraid the other is the stronger. as the laborers become owners of the 
One army is composed of the rank and goila that they occupy, the diversity of 
file demanding better rations, and of- interests will be more and more appar- 
ten offering poorallegiance to the flag ent. It has often furnisbed matter for 
forit; the other ia composed entirely of useless wonder to philosophera, that 
offlcera, who, however able, hâve the the various peoples should consent to 
common fault that if a fellow officer supply soldiers to flght and die for the 
beoomes a martinet they défend and ambition and aggraudizement of their 
imitate bim inatead of courtmartialing rulera. It is a fact, however, that the 
him ont of the army entirely. Both varions peoples hâve done thia; and if 
Bldea need to use more justice in deal- they hâve fought and died for the ad- 
ing wjth the other; they need to "get vantage of others, we canhardly doubt 
together." They should be allies, not that they would do the sarae for the 
enemies. — Locomotive Engineer. advantageof themselves. The laborers 

- of différent countries, in fact, are nat^ 

_ , , , ural allies only so long as they are in 

The multitude never comprehend t^e presence of what they think to be 
pnnciples; pnnciples are complet ^ ^^^^^^ foe^^pital; and if once 
ideas; they comprehend a simple idea^ ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^^ removed or crippled, 
andthesimpestidea la, a name that they would find bittererfoea in onean- 
nds then: aetion of ail responaibility to ^^^^^ ^j^^ ^^^^ ^^^^^ .^ j^ 

thougbt.- fl«i»^r. ^^^^ diffieulUes, however, I only 

^^"" ^^ mention In passing. I not only do not 

"Fellows who failed to get nomina- purpose to dwell on tbeoi, ^j'ïA Io-î *^- 
tions may be aaid to bave flnished a gamenUaBaJi.el'flïiX^Q.ïï'^w»'^*^'*-^ '^■^'^ 
campaign of éducation." donotexiat,a.Tiii'«\\\-çîw«e&-'^'^'^^'^'*'"' 


which, though less apparent, are far ment is to seeure for labor the wealth 

deeper and far better worth diseussing. which, aceording to thèse leaders, labor 

Let us suppose, then, that the first produces. But the amount of wealth 

great step has been accomplished, and wblch labor produces, or, in other 

that, despite the difflculty of organlz- words, the amount of the prize for the 

ing vast masses and of harmonlzing possession ofwhich labor iscontending 

discordant interests, ail the laborers of dépends on the sklU with which the 

the world are united in one corporate labor of the laborers is organized, not 

body and are actually, in the way al- on the skill with which the idleness of 

ready described, confronting the capi- the laborers is organized. Theirorgan- 

talists and the employers. Now, ized idleness is no doubt a valuable 

would the fact that the laborers had weapon, but it is valuable for militant 

advanced thus far aflEbrd any proof that purposes only, not for productive pur- 

they would be able to advance so much poses. It may assist them to seize on 

farther as to make any permanent use the instruments of production, but it 

of the partial advantage they had does not tend to give them any skill in 

gained? It would certainly, at first using thèse, any more than the ability 

sight, seem that the answer to this to rob a man of a fiddle tends of itself 

question must be, Yes. ''Here,'^ it to tum a burglar into a musician. 

would be argued, '4s labor led by its Thus the ability of the laborers to or- 

own leaders. With no instruction, ganize a universal strike might show 

with no dictation from above, it has that they are able to take ail the wealth 

shown itself capable of organizing and of the employers from them, but it 

directing itself. What doubt can there wonld not indicate any ability what- 

be that the leaders who hâve brought ever to transfer any fraction of this 

it thus far will be compétent to bring wealth to themselves* Thus far the 

it one step farther, and teach it how to productivity of labor has depended on 

appropriate the fruit that is already in the skill of the employers in command- 

its hands? If labor can organize itself ing it and directing it. If the employ- 

in this marvelous way to resist capital, ers are to be ousted, and if labor is to 

who can doubt that it can organize it- maintain its présent productivity 

self to employ capital? There we hâve and not to sink into a hope- 

in a few words the argument which less and helpless chaos, men with simi- 

presents itself to our la test prophète of lar powers of command and similar 

labor, and which they présent, with skill must be found to take their place; 

not unnatural triumph, to alarm their and the question is, would such men 

sanguine hearers. It is an argument, be forthcoming? 

however, vitiatedby a fallacy which Let us consider exactly what this 
seems commonly to escape not only question in volves. It is not a question 
those who use it, but those who would of whether or not the laborers hâve, 
give anything to réfute it. What we among their millions, men of sufficient 
are asked to consider, is how certain natural capacity. No doubt they hâve; 
men hâve succeeded in organizing la- and if ail the présent employers of la- 
bor, and what a formidable thing they bor should die childless during the . 
hâve made of it. But in reality what course of the next few years, we may 
thèse leaders hâve donc has been be certain enough that, under the pres- 
something quite diflferent. They hâve ent condition of things, laborers would 
organized laboring men, but they hâve be found who would gradually take 
not organized labor. On the contrary their places and supply us with a new 
they hâve organized idleness — absten- génération of employers, capitaliste, 
tion from labor. It is impossible to and millionaires. The question is not 
over-estimate the importance of this whether such men would be forthcom- 
distinction. The whole ostensible ob- ing under présent conditions, but 
Ject of the leaders of the labor move- whether they could be induced to conie 



forwardunder entirely changea cou- of it îb that noman who bas been bho- 
ditiona, Hitherto the ooly indues- aeaafal as a, leader of labor has ever 
mects worth takiog accoimt of, that been found among Che leaders of the 
hâve ever incited men to direct and to labor movement, To nut the matter 
-organize labor for productive purposea, in a plainer and more brutal way, no 
hâve been the hope and the possibility man who has been auccessfal in ic- 
of eeeuring for themselves whatever creasing production haa ever been 
spécial prodnct their ability bas been found among those who are working 
Instrumental in producing. But the to rediatribute the produet; and eon- 
ossential idea of ail the leadera of the versely, not oue of the men who are 
labor movement bas been to take away working to rediatribute the produet 
thèse înducemente, or to make them has ever ehowa hlmaelf capable of as- 
as smaU as possible. It Is obvions, aisting in increasing production. To 
therefore, that the ultimate success of this broad mie there may perhapa be 
this movement must dépend on whether some isolated exceptions, but aa a 
aociety could, under auch eonditions, broad rule it ia indubitably true. Ont- 
Btill secure the kind of ability apoken eide ofa circle of foolisb and half-sin- 
of. cere senti mentalists, wbere do we ând 

Now, One of the most important any of the opponents of capital among 
morala tlia,t hâve been drawn from the men who hâve the ability to make it? 
^rowîng succ^sBes of nnionism, haa And by the ability to make it we mean 
been that this kind of ability could be a very simple thing — we mean the 
Bo secnred. We are urged to look at abiUty to direct labor to advantage. 
the characters and careers of the men The leadera of the labor movement 
by whom labor ianowbeingorganized. hâve, as a clasa, been men absolut«ly 
It ia pointed ont to us that the motives without that quality; and without 
which actuate thèse men are not per- wishing to callinquestion thesincerity 
BOnal and the accumulation of capital, of their pbilaiithropy, the fact remains 
They give to the common cause exeep- that their désire to divide the wealth 
tional ability, and yet they neither of the world among their fellows has 
claim nor espect any exceptional re- had for its hasia an utt«r incapacïty to 
ward. The ability required to organ- add anything to that wealfch them- 
Ise a great strike la not lésa tban the selvea. 

abiUty required to organize a great in- And now let us deal with the fact, 
dnstry; and if facts prove that, without whieh 1 hâve no wisb to question, that 
.any interested expectations, men ean theee men bave been so far disinter- 
be got to do the one, what doubt, it ia eated that they hâve, in apitfl of their 
.asked, ean there be that we shall get exceptional efforte, not aimed atsecnr- 
men, on tbe aame condition, to do the ing any escepdonal pecnnlary reward. 
olher? The fallacy of thia argument ia That may be perfectly true; but though 
what I am hère endeavoring toempha- there may hâve been no pecuniary re- 
.fiize. On the surface it ia eminently ward to atimulate them, there hâve 
plausible; but the more it ia examined, been rewards of a kind equally selfiah, 
-the more clearly we shall see not only There has been in many cases the sat- 
that itdoea not prove what it is sup- iafaction of a grudge, owed to society 
posed to prove, but that its entire becauae tbey bave not been able to 
tendency is to prove the exact oppo- aucceed in it; and, above ail, there haa 
^te. been the intoxication of power and 

lu the first place, to repeat what I notoriety auddenly placed within the 
.hâve said already, the leaders of the reach of men who would otherwise 
labor movement bave not, in that oa- live and fret in uneventful, helplesa 
pacity, been leadera of labor. That, obacurity. There isnogreatermiatake 
however, is by no means the whole of than to imagine tiialt T&«tv -w\ia«fc wJia. 
Jibe caee. A more important featare roaàto aUOT.^a\\'Sia\û».VXaiîfc'.-î>.*È'*''**^''^*^ 


are for that reason less disinterested, "HOW MUCH DOES GOD CHARGE FOR 

less greedy of personal distinction, COAL MINES?" 

than the men whose road to success lies 

inacquiring or creating wealth. In- Little Jœ bad been listening to bis 

deed, a study of human nature in gen- fatber reading about the starving 

eral, and of modem industrial bistory nnners at Streator and Braidwood and 

in particular, proves tbat in a soeiety otber eoal mines. Little Joe was too 

wbere tbere are no spécial rewards, young to understand Caesar's ways; be 

tbere willbe no exercise ofany spécial ^^^7 heardthe voice of nature as it 

ability. It proves, furtber, tbat be- spoke within bim. He was not old 

tween tbe ability and the reward tbere enougb to be contaminated by vices 

is always some connection in kind, and and devices of land-sharks, bogus 

tbat, wbile anger or ambition or en- statesmen and political mountebanks, 

thusiasm may lead a man to secure. boodlers and coal barons. He bad 

many tbing for bis fellow-men, one beard bis fatber reading and talking 

reward only will lead bim to produce about sometbing wrong in the aflfairs 

wealth for tbem, and tbat is the poses- of mankind, and he was trying to find 

sion of a large proportion of the wealth oi^* ^^^ **wby." So be let tbe natural 

produced. The récent of industrial voice oftrutb and justice speak: 

events, therefore, bas no tendency to "Fatber, wby don't those miners dig 

throw any doubt of tbe belief tbat tbe ont some coal and trade it for some- 

possession of private property, tbe en- tbing to eat?" 

joyment of interest, and tbe dictator- *'Because, Joey, they don't own tbe 

sbip— bowever limited — exercised over coal mines." 

labor by tbe men to whom the profits "Who does own tbe coal mines?" 

will go, or by their représenta- "They are owned by some men in 

tives, form essential conditions not Chicago." 

only of the production of wealth, but "^^^ ^^^«^ °^®^ ^^ Chicago make tbe 

of the prosperityof labor itself coal, and put it down in tbe mines, 

We must not, bowever, blind our- ^^ÎÎJf^f ^ j ^^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^^1 ,, 
selves to tbe other side. History is ,,^^^ ^.^ ^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^^ ^^^^„ 

teachmg us that laborers may be or- «t^ru i^^^-xx- ^^i i^-u 

. j. ^ j-i» i. *. X "Wby, be made it for fuel, my child, 

ganized in two différent ways: llrst, as -_ i,^^_ j i \p j ,, 

* , . t_ j j, . X to keep us warm and cook our food." 

a producing body; secondly, asaresist- u-r*,-^ n^^ ^ i •*. ^ ^.i. 
, ^ ,^ / ' . ,''1 T ^, '*Did God make it for those men in 

ing or self-protectmg body. In the Chicago?" 

latter capacity they may be able to u-^^^ ^^t exclusively; He made it for 
govem themselves, but in the flrst they everybody." 

mustbe always govemed by otbers. **Well, then, if He made it forevery- 
The conclusion is that in the very na- body didn't he make some of it for 
ture of tbings it is impossible foreither those miners?" 

partytogain a complète victory. It *'Wby—ye8—I suppose so; but you 
is obvions that the capitaUst cannot gee, my dear little Joey, those miners 
existwithout tbe laborer. A deeper are too poor to own any thing." 
and more dispa^ionate study of human uq^ yes, I see; God made the coal for 
nature will in time convince even our everybody that^s rich." 
mpst ardent social reformers that the t^^o, no Joey, He made tbe coal for 
laborer will neverprogressexceptwith ail, but the poor are unable to buy 
tbe progress of tbe capitalist. The the mines, and so they don^t own 
names of tbings and the forms of tbings tbem.' ' 

may change; but tbe essential facts of **How much does God charge for the 
the case, being facts of human nature, coal mines, fatber?" 
will always remain tbe same, till human **Why, my boy, He doesn't charge 
nature is metamorphosed. — W, H, Mal- any thing for the coal more than tbe 
^9t7Âr, ïn Aprill'orum, trouble of diggiiig \\. ovxt." 

"Doany of those inen in Chicago WHERE HASTE MAKES WASTE^^H 

«ver dig atiy of it out?" ^^^^| 

"Oh, ao, tliey hire thoae minera to Editor Magazine: ^^^ 

dothat." There Beems ttJ be a belief among 

"Well, father, if God made the coal raiiroad master niechanics in the weat 

for ail, and don' t charge anything for that the way to secure the greatesb Ber- ' 

it and thoee miners take ail the trouble yiee from îron working tools is tohave 1 

«nd labor to get it out, why don't they them speeded very high, thua compel- 

own it after they get it outî" liog workmen to use no judgement in 

"Well, Joey my boy, I know it doea regulatiug the epeed the métal is being 

look that way toyoïiryoung and chïld- pasaed over the tool. There eeeme to 

ieh mlnd, but as yon get older you will be no other object that can be reasoned - 

understand how it eomcs about that a. put. There in nothing so diacouraging 

great many of God'a oreaturea that He to a mechanic running a lathe as to at- 

eenda hère feU to get what be made for tempt to do a fair day's work in turn- 

them." ing a pièce not near the swing of the 

"If they failto get whatGodintend- lathe, with the belt on the alowest 

«d for thera, who doea get it, father?" epeed, and rtill grinding the tool away 

"Why, it iB the sharp, shrewd busi- faster than the pièce to be turned. A 

nessmen who get it." lathe can always be made to run fast 

"How do they get it?" enough, but not alow enough for aome 

"Why, Joey, I don't know as I can work that may be brought to it, and 

make you underetand it; but l'il tell the capacity of that lathe is reduced 

yon that once upon a time, long, long ju^t that much. Why make 

j^o, a certain king rose up and ael^ed thua a 30-lnGh lathe only equal to a IG- 

the 'earthandtheflallnes8tliereof,'aud inoh one? YeE this ia about what haa 

said 'It ail belonge to the king.' Now been doue in planning the apeed of 

whenthebing did that, he actually tools in the new shopsat Denver. 

conllBcated — or Lf you do not under- Where economy is found in operat- 

etand that word, atole — everybody'a ingiron working tools, îa to sacrifice 

interest in the earth and ail the earth epeed in adding foed to the tool. I 

contains," bave heard foreraen refer to the 

"Why, father, I ahouidn't hâve amount a certain make of a lathe in a 

thought the people would let the king certain shop had a record of doing, but 

dosuch a thing." on queetioning him found he was ig- 

1 Well, you see, Joey, the iawyeratold norant of tbe amount of feed that was 

L the people that the king could do no given tocutting speed per minute,and 

a, wrong, and the people were foolish by personal knowledge of the work 

enough to believe the lawyera." done, I drew out of him that the cut- 

"Well then that ia how those men in ting apeed was about one half what he 

Chicago came to own thèse miners' had an idea it waa, while the feed waa 

coal is it?" double, and that was the secret of the 

"Yea, Joey, the king divided up the the record of that lathe. If the speed- 

earth among his favorites, and they ing of the countershafta to lathes ho 

pareelled it out to auch as were rich higb, is done to make the operator 

enough to buy, and those who were force the lathe to a high capacity, it 

poor loat their inh6ritance."~C. W. wQl prove a losing inveatment. If a 

Agerg in Farmer'a Voice. lathe hand is not capable of mabing a 

^^^^^^_^^^_ lathe do ita full duty, he ia out of place 
und )t is the foreman's duty todiscover 

" There ia a great deai of heaven in it. A man who runa a lathe ia aup- 

being in hell with those you like, and poaed to be paid for what he kiiowa, 

a great deal of hell in being in heaven and one thiii% te iiswra\<i "^-asi^R ^a ■^oa 

with thoae you dislike." -çroçeT cuVùii^ «-çesô. vl-ûô. '^issSj^ "û™^ 


différent metals can be worked at pro- P H I LOSO P H Y . 

fitably. If the speed of the counter 

shaftwill not allow him to exercise **Envyis a lazy désire." 

this he is handicapped, and if he is a 

conseientious workman, will be wor- "Nothing is fun that we draw pay 

ried by it. for doin^.'' 

I would respeetfully call the atten- 

tion of our gênerai master mechanie to "There is nothing cunning about be- 

this defect in the speed of tools. ing treacherous.'* 

It is of interest to us as workmen to 

see our laborhighly productive. Ithas "Ifyou are good to yourself, the 

a good effect in resisting the tendency world will be good to you.'* 

to reduce wages, and again we hâve 

nothing to gain in maklng a machine "Half of the world's thinking is but 

do only half its capacity. The idea anecho of inherited ideas." 

that I haue heard expressed often, that 

to make a job last a good while is put- ** Money is principally of value for 

ting more into the pockets of labor, is what it will procure for us." 

a false one. Social problems are never 

going to be solved by folio wing such "It is only the fool who lets the ene- 
ideas. Mackenist. 'my know how cruel a stab is." 

Capital and Labor, after severe "Renegades are always the most bit- 

skirmishes with varying success, are ter againsttheir former comrades." 
arming for the suprême conflict . How 

imminent the struggle may be no man "Laughter has a worse sting than a 

can afflrm precisely, but signs there blow ween itisdirected against us." 
are which may well fiU us with dis- 

quiet. The rich are daily becoming "No business can prosper while it is 

richer; the poor poorer; luxury, high managed on personal considération." 
living, and the pride of life are on the 

increase. The thirst for wealth be- "We are apt to discover remaakable 

comes daily more unsatiable; the cries wisdom in those who agrée with us." 

of the distressed more sharp and loud 

and poignant "What a blessing it is for most peo- 

The économie conditions in the Ple thatthe world has a short memory." 

United States are fast approaching ,,,,,,,. , i, 

those of England. The hontes of the ' Meek-looking people are safe ones 

poor are more marked by destitution *f ^^f ^^^^ ^"^ '^"^ """"^ ^** * ^°°'* 

and squalor; the light of heaven is be- * 

ing closed ont from tenement room u^othing is cheap that you do not 
and attic; fiesh and blood are becoming ^^^ ^^ j^^^^^j. ^^ what priée it may 
more cheap, and bread more dear; the j^ ««■«-g/j » 

well-being of the car-horse is more so- ' 

Ucitoosly watched than that of the «^6^ this be your constant maxim, 
driver. iSmallwonder that strongmen, ^^^^_ „^ ^^ ^^ be good enough to 
maddenedbythetearsofwifeand cries ^^^ ^j^^ ^^j^^ ^f prudence." 

of starving children, band themselves 

together and sometimes resort to deeds ..^rhere is no use trusting a man or 
of violencc-Cordinai Gibbim in N. A. ^^^^ ^^^ ^^ ^lft,lly deceived you 

Bevi€W,f wApril. ^^^ ^^^^^ ^ important matter, be- 

^'^*'"^^'^~^-*^ cause if you do you can expect to get 

"Artia tbe àbadow ot Nature." ■ it worse next time." 


LEGAL DEPARTMENT. défendant company, and wasemployed 

by the trip, and at tbe time of the in- 

INJURY TO Railroad Employeb- J»'^ complained of, waa ofl duty and 
SEcofm Attempt-Defective Appli- «°^ "^ *''*' ^"«P'^y '"'^ P^y of Baidfjom- 
ANCE. The évidence in this case P^"^' Hîb time waaabBolutelyhiaown 
ahowed that the draw-bar was nsed in ""ti'. and unlese heahould choose and 
"M"andworked well. The nest aU engage to go ae flreman on a return 
tempt to use it waa at "G," when it t^p the following day, which he es- 
provedtobetightsothatiCcould not P^''^ ^ ^^' He alept in the com- 
be raised at the flret trial. ItwasBhak- Pîuiy'a lodging rooma off depot^ and 
enlooHeandanothertrial waa made, "" ^^ ^^^^ morning while talking 
when it failed to work, and the plain- wiUi aconductor, and at thesametime 
tiff, ibrakemaniwasinjured in conae- 'eamng baek agamat a gangway so 
quence. But after the plaintiff-a in- olo^e that an unheeded or unobBerved 
jnry the coiipling wae euccewfnlly engine struck him while passing and 
made by another pereon. The trial "'J'^'^^ *»'■» aeriouaiy. The trial loort 
court ordered a non suit becauae the Ju^y gave the plaintiff a Ï3,ÛOO verdict 
plaintîffperbiBtedaftermakingoneef- aibject to the court' b rnling upon the 
fort to couple the cara, and waa in fault «"apany'e demurer to plainti^a corn- 
for making a second effort. Plaintiff P'*'"^" '^^^ ""«'■* "^"'«^ *» «"«'«'» ^^^ 
appealed defendant'e demurer, and plaintiff ap- 

Held.l, That aiury conldinferthat „ , ,' ^v ^ h ~ „ < j v, 
, , , ' , . , . - .... Held, That a fireman employed by a 

the draw-bar waa defeotive, it bavine ., . , i. .l JL 

, ., , . .^ , .- . ■ ^ railroad company only by the tnp, 

failed in ite propar functiona twice out . ... „ , , , u 

r*v .t !^ . ■ -. Tx ,^ who, while off duty loungea near tbe 

of three attemptaatHBingU. Itwould - ! j i. ji r.i_ j 

,. Li.. ,j^. i track, and, heedloBBof the danger, pute 

not be nnreaaonable to oonclade that ,. ,o. ^ ... ... 

, , . , . 1 - m - . hiniBelf in auch a poaition that a paas- 

an implement which provea inefflcient . , . . . ■. l- -,5 - 

. . ... , B.t . . ^- mg tram muet atrike him, iB guilty of 

in two-tbirdaof thematancesof itBuae , ,. ... , . , 

, „_ . , ... ,. jt Buch négligence as wiU prevent hla 

la not a fit implement to beauppliedby , , . i ■ j u ■. 

., . .L î. ■. recovery for miuriea suetained by be- 

ployé, who «,B e„|î«!.d m .uoh h»- ^^^^^ ^ ^„^,_^^_ „ ^ ^.^ "^^ ^, 

ardous service aa coiipling a 

:. app. March 5th, I8»I.| 

2. Where two efforts were made to NoTE.-It ig difQcult to underatand 
couple the cars. The first effort re- ^hy the plaintiff pui himaelf in Buoh 
sultinginshakingthe bar looae, thia danger from the paaaing engine, inaa- 
beingBO, haditbeenaproperbar, the much as he waa a railroad man, fully 
brakeman had a reaaonable right to experienced and familiar wïth that 
couclude that it would reœain looae pi^ce and aU the customs of opération 
longenoiightobeuaed in making the therein. Plaintiff waa nota paesengep, 
coupling. It at least raiaed a question „or was he in the diacharge or per- 
for the jury whetlier under ail the cir- formance of any duty to or for the 
cumatancea he wouJd be warranted in company. He had voluntarily and 
arriving at that conclusion, and mak- negligently placed himaelf in a place 
ing a second attempttoeffect a coup- and poaition of raanifest danger, and 
Ung. For a brakeman to make a aec- ^as so engrosaed in conversation witJi 
ond effect, under auch circumstances, another that he neither eaw nor heard 
waa not neceasarily improper, contri- tbe mo vin g engine. The principle of 
butory or inexcusable. Judgement i^w in such cases applies with peculiar 
reveraed. lOusley v. Central R. R. force to employée of a railroad com- 
ète. Co. Geo. 9. C.Jan. 19,1891.) pany wbo are in relation of privity 
INJUKYTO A FiSEMAN— OONTEIBD- with their princîpals, havingd'je.'râ «V 
TOKY NEQLioBSNCiE. Plaintiff Moore portûnity oîtw^iTKi-nç.-wïîiX'iRi^'^''»**^ 
waa a flreman on a freight train of tha vhWcl ttie 'b'awiveaa, miû. vtt. -çt<iaw»a& 


to know and understand something of such company, that the compensation 
the risks and dangers incident to the he is to receive as such employé, shall 
business. This distinction between cover ail risks incurred and liab ility to 
railroad employés (whether on duty or accident from any cause whatever 
not) and other persons is not only sus- while in the service of the company he 
tained by authority, and in the eye of is bound by such con tract (under the 
the law are regarded as being the au- common law) although some states 
thor of their own misfortunes. There hâve held, and justly to, that such a 
are certain corrélative duties on the con tract is against public policy and 
part of the employé to the company. void. 

One of thèse is to use ordinary care to An express contract is one which the 
avoid injuries to himself, for the com- parties reduce the contract to words; 
pany is under no greater obligation to an implied contract is one which the 
care for his safety than he is for him- law infers from the conduct of the par- 
self. The law makes it the duty of ties. If the employé enters the service 
such employé to inform himself as far of an employer with the knowledge 
as he reasonably can, respecting the when he so enters thât hedoes so under 
dangers, as well as the duties incident certain reg^ilations as to his rights pre- 
to the service. And it applies with scribed by the employer, the law im- 
greater force and reason to employés plies an agreement on his part that his 
when oflf duty, and having absolute rights shall be controUed by such reg- 
control of their own time and them- ulations. If thèse régulations are in 
selves, than if they were on duty. (See the form of printed rules, and they are 
Improvement Co. v. Andrews. 86 Va. delivered at the time of his employ- 
270.) ment to an employé who can read and 

Injuries to Servant— Rules of who has such an opportunity to read 
Service— CoNTRACT-ExcBSsrvE Dam them that by ordinary diligence he 
AGES. 1. Where a rule of a railroad could do so, the law will présume a 
company stipulâtes that employés knowledge by him of such rules. 
shall not be entitled to compensation A railroad companv has the right to 
for injuries, the regular compensation make rules for the govemment of its 
paid for service covering ail such risks, employés. It has a right also to hâve 
and that ail officers employing men those rules obeyed; and an employé 
"will hâve thèse conditions strictly un- has no right to violate them and set up 
derstood and agréed to by each em- an excuse of his want of knowledge of 
ployé before he enters the service," them after an opportunity to become 
and where the plaintiff took service acquainted with them. He is bound 
with the défendant company, the lat- by every reasonable rule which is to 
ter failing to call the formeras atten- govern him in his work or conduct. 
tion to the rule otherwise than by giv- If one of thèse rules should require 
ing him the rule book containing it. him to couple cars with a stick, and he 
Held, That the employé is not bound should undertake to couple them with 
by the rule. his hand, and in conséquence should 

2. Held, That a verdict for $16,000 be injured, he would not be allowed to 
is not excessive when it appears that say that he had no knowledge of the 
plaintiff was permanently injured, and rule. Or, if oir.e of the rules should re- 
that his heart was displaced and en- quire him to give so many days notice 
larged. (Georgia & Pac. Ry. Co. v. before quitting the company's service, 
Dooley, Georgia, S. C. Dec. 1, 1891.) or in default thereof lose his pay, he 

Note. — This is an unusual and inter- could not, if he quit its service without 

esting décision. It is also of much such notice, recover his wages because 

value to railway employés. If an em- he was ignorant of the rule. (See Har- 

ploye of a railway company enters in- man v. Manufacturing Co. 35 M 447 and 

^ B contract, express or implied, with 58 A. M. Dec. 1\&,) 



The claimof Frank A. Bonea, (Son 
of David 9. Bones. engîneer S. Park 
Div. U. P. Ry.) whowas killed AprU 
7tli by theelevator at the People'a Bank 
building, was aettled by the Railway 
D. M. w., Thob. Neabh-im, Denvor. Coio. Officiais and Employés Accident Asao- 

D. w. F., Geo. C. Milleb, EIIIb. Knne. oiaUon as follows: 82âO by telegmph, 

D. B. 8., J. N. CoBBiH, DeEïBr. Ccilu. April 8th, the balance, $1,750 was re- 

D, F, 8. & T., w. L. CiBBOLL, Demer. Coio. ceived by David S. Bonea, father and 
— beneficiary, April 18th. This Ib very 

ÉdîWr BBd MBQBger ot the Me^Hiioe. quick WOrk. 


Office, Buom 11 UcClelland Blook, 
P. O. Boi ÎTii. DenTtir, Colo. 

D. M. W. Neaeham viaited Conncil 
Bluffa, Omaha and Grand laland the 

Union Pacific AsaembUes of Council 
Blnffs and Omaha pasaed reaolutions 
aupporting Dr. Pfeifferaa chief surgeon. 
If the employés over the aystem 
„ thought there wae any danger of hia 
put month th. eioeption of b,,, ,„„„a i, a,, „,„ ^ 
Onrnd Maiid to found the local Mr»m- ^ ^^^ ^^^,j ^^ ^ j^^^ „, ^^_ 
blla>.n.icllentworkmeorfei-. i„tIon, rorthcommg.prote.tmgag-ln.t 

it. The prevailing opinion ie that the 

Every one who secnrea a anbacriber évidence of the efftciency of the pres- 

for our Magazine ia advanclng the in- eut hoapital management ia bo great 
tereets of wageearnera. It is in their that no atterapt will be made to change 
behalf it ia pabliahed, and it Ib the pro- it. 

perty of a large organized body of — 

tnera. E. DiclrinBon will again be back on 

the U. P. the présent month, wbere he 

We waot every employé of the Union was always popular, and where he 

Pacific Company to be a Bnbscriber to made hia record as a railroad man. He 
the Union Pacific Employées Mag- will be welcomed. Much of hia popu- 
AziNE. Keader, if yon are not already larity has been gained by hia feirneas 
a aabscribor, send to thiB office one dol- to men ander hlm, and gaining their 
lar and hâve it sent regularly to yon, contldence in doing as he promised, a 
feculty that ia not coramon among Ry. 

D.R. Munro, who represented hle officiais. It la espected he is to super- 
district in the Idaho Senate the paat «eed Mr. Holcomb, who is t« leave the 
wî again atworkat hia trade in Union Pacific. Mr. Holcomb-a acta 
the ShoBhone ahopa. He made a flret. toward the employés hâve been anch as 
claas record as alaw-maker, andproved ^ gain their reapectandgood will, and 
that au workingmen do not forget he wiU ta ke with him their b eat wishes. 
their duty, when honors are eonferred . - 



Attention of our readereis called to DEPARTMENT. 

the offer we make in our advertising 

this month. We offerT. N.Powderly'a The editor of the Omaha Nev!ê Re- 
book, "Tliirty Years of Labor," at lesB porter saya he is coming to Denver to 
tban cost, to cash subscribers. We get évidence to further hia ço>à.'Âc»is. 
hâve but a limited number of theae scheming me'ûi'aà. o^ ieSiiîQ^^a* "^^^ 
books, and the flrst who oome will be pxeaent e&cie-aV TO»na.î.eïO«tt\. ^^^^ 
ûrstaerved, as long as they last. Umott ■pBràfe.c UosçVwiï^ *»*»■ 


The Douglass case, whieh by misrep- In many respects The Arena is 
resentation, he tried to make so much unique. Unlike the majority of maga- 
of seems to fail. The foUowing letter zines which dévote the major part of 
received by us from Mr. Douglass, is a their space to fashionable topics and 
sample of plenty of évidence we hâve superficial aspects of affaire, this review 
to furnish, but is evidently the kind the is given largely to the discussion of the 
News Reporter man will not want to great root problems that intimately af- 
use: fect civilization. Ita contributore num- 

Mr, Editer : "The Railway News Reporter, ^ ber many of the boldest aud most bril- 

published at Omaha, (date ?) speaks of the neg- liant thinkere of the day in te9 fields of 
lect to which I was subjected at the time of the gQ^j^i ^n^j économie scieuce, éducation, 

wreck at Brighton, and since that time. I de- ... , ... rm. ■»«■ i. 

sire to State that on the morning of the wreck, ethics and religion. The May uumber 
Dr. Pfeiffer, chief surgeon of our road, came to is a remarkably brilliant issue, contain- 

the wreck himself and brought me to the Denver ing notable papere by C. Wood Davis, 

Hospital. He there found that I had received a ^j^^ discusses the wheat SUpply of Eu- 
very serions fracture of the skull which drove j * • -r» ^ x-« -i -oi 

thebonesinuponthebrain. He then perf ormed rope and America; Prof. Emil Blum, 

a very critical opération upon my skull so skil- Ph. D., a native of Russia, who after 

fully that I recovered from what would be a fatal graduating at the Univereity of Vienna, 

injury in ninety-nine cases out of a hundred. established a flourisihng collège at 

Since that time he has attended me personally ^j - -l'-lt. j« i. 

for weeks,upto the présent time, when au doubt ^^^^^^ ^^^^ whlch he was driven by 

of my complète recovery is over. I cannot speak the Russiau gOVemment On aCCOUUt of 

toohighlyof the Denver Hospital and its man- his having served in the Russian army. 

agement. Yours Truly, p^of 31^^ writes OU "Russia of To- 

Thomas F. Douglass. day" in a cool and dispassionate man- 

Denver, Colorado, April 23. ner. Juliau Hawthome andtheRev. 

Such is the testimony of the man Minot J. Savage àiscuss Modem Spirit- 

that it was alleged was so badly cared ualism. Paul Blouet, the brilliant 

for, and as proof that a change in this French author and lecturer, better 

management should be made, or in knownthrough-outthiscountryasMax 

other words, give some saw-bones a O'Rell, writes on the * 'parvenu in reli- 

chance for the appointment. If a vote gion." Other notable papers are from 

of the employés who hâve received the pen of Prof Abram S. Isaacs, of the 

care under the Médical Department or University of New York, Prof. J. W. 

hâve seen the care others hâve had, it McGarvey, of the Kentucky Univer- 

would resuit in an overwhelming ma- sity, Dr. Henry D. Chapin, of New 

jority for the présent management, York, Rev. John W. Chadwick, Frank 

especially against any experimenting L. King, Will Allen Dromgoole, and the 

with a new and unknown management, éditer. It will be readily seen that no 

We hâve now, a better department thoughtftil magazine reader can afifbrd 

than any other railroad System, and to overlook this issue of The Arena. 
until it can be shown that other rail- - 

roads can secure a chief surgeon who ^iî^y years ago hours of work were 

will improve the System better than longer and wages were less, but work 

ours, the proof will be that the Union ^^s free and certain; industry meant 

Pacific cannot, and the demand will g^^e success. To-day work is uncer- 

be, make no experiments. The coal tain; success is a peradventure: anxiety 

miners of the Union Pacific are now ig o^ the brow of the rich and poor 

seeking to be placed under the gênerai ^like. In this struggle simply to hold 

médical department in order that they one^g q^q the poor lose ail strength for 

may receive the same benefits other nobler thought; each child is taught to 

employés do. liye above ail else for the dollar. A 

change of the System is needed to save 

^^He who calls in the aid of an eqnal civilizatioii, from utter destruction. — 

underatanding doubles his own.'' New York World. 


COEEESPONDMCE. "C'^SSST'"^''™" *" " ""' 

BiOTiBy Biley, aft*r a Borïice o( DBOrlï 18 ysare 

HÛTB TO CORKBSPONDBHTS, i^bt™pr<.mot«<lu>thar«ponBible position of 

Do noi loait vntit ike Iv^i maintnt ta icriteiip nanv'angnice 
]fou.r moniftlj/ letter, SnuJ it (ii n( any lime, Ihe Martin riBorr, oar recording Beoratarï, lat aut 
•«nier a/ter ycm rend ihit Ihe hetter. The fini bï "Patoy" ta nmke room for Pat Moirow. hae 
apportunitv vou liai'e il ihf best tiine. gone Into tiuameaa ère, aa 

and ateadily increRBlDg patronage, 
^^^.^^-^^w-^.-^^^^^^.-^^^^^..-,,-.^^- Elmer Balchen, ft trao Knight and one ' 

Grbes Ri^-Sii. Wïo., April 1891, 

?iïed woll- 

p,..„ «„„„,_„. mnritEd ijromotion. Ho waa appoinWd l<in. 

OncAœemblyhaaalargo membmhip and ie Woaraafraîd we iiaTetreapanMid loo maoh on 

proBperouB. We are pleaaed to uote that tho y.iHrspace, bo will eloeo mlth a pronÛBo tu let 

theiramdalorBim.theTJ.P.MAQAaME. ^^ ™' rom ne , l. A. 3181. 

Tas Maoazink agent ia a rnstlei and Dwing l.o 
Mb efforts itB droulatjon bas been gready In- ^S 

creasod. Trolj itdeBSfïe» 8 IsritP patronage, as „ tj u . -i ■« .«^ 

V.. _ . ».L „ .1 t - u Shobhobe, laano, Apnl 19, leBl. 

no bettev exponent of the canae uf labor is pQt>- 

lislied in tho WbbI. ^<Iitor itagaiinf.: 

P. J. CoBgraTe, (Pfttey) lateoar-ehop foreman, From the amount of fcioking around hère on 

sncceeded by William Page. Not many of our ent writing in tbeaage bnieb, irithabodyguard. 

memberaBhedlsamnhen PiLt^ ent the G. B. We bave t«u more adclitions to onr shopa. We 

Daring hie Ijttle brioC reieu he gave more annuf- are ranning a laondry and a whiskey Bhop in the 

once to uood men. diaplayod fiiich favoritiam and ronnd bouse- We havc aman, or rnther a pair 

exliibited anch thorongh igaDrance of tho dutiee of Iham Ibat uroduïngplaîn waabing in Company 

pertaining to hîB position, that ve conoladed the tim», and as the workis ratheTlaboriouit,aatiiB- 

action of the Company in placing snch a yap ta oleat ia in order. We hBTe a ne* mling hère. 

bosB mm, sometliing heyond mortal lien. Hc XI yon lay oS trom work on aoconnt of sicknese 

koew aamuchabutit runningUiesbops hère bb youstand agoodchance of gettingtho G. B., bnC 

a dog doea abont EucJid's elementa of geometry. if jt is a pJain dmnk yon ctm go iip up towQ the 

Wben tbe order reacbed bim to reduce thp f of c« Qext day un the rumpttny^a (ime and gel a 

in the sliops, he discbargcd old and capable "bracer." We know of a oase of sickneas -xhoa 

workmen.and retoinfd menwholiad not bfon in tbe party eenl word ta bis royal liighoeas of hia 

tbe Company'B service three months. One of the absenco. but ae bis luglinesa had boen on a bit of 

latlor is Fat Murrow. (BeRorra) of whum 'twaa aapree Snoday. be was not in Monday forenoon. 

aaid he conid not bore a Btiaigbt holo in an inch and couldnot be madoacqaaintedwith tliefacte. 

board. Patsy deligbled in "suckera" and did We heardho had tho "grip," The grip uu what? 
not forgetthem wben orertioie badto bo giïen. Wecanhardly prosBût thechangoeintheshopa 

This class regret bis Icafïng and déplore bie loBB, aa it nonld take ail the time of a abort-hand 

bccaiiBethey must work now, and oTertime ie writer lo takodown fliochangBa. 
gone whera the woodbino twinctb. Take Falsy The lateat discoTen hère ia in tbe shape of 

for ail in ait ve aooD sbaU QOt look on bis Hke tapid tranxiC in reporting Chinga that happen. 

agalti, "Hewas a broth uf a boy" aohe vaa. Webaie a mon and a boy in the'Bmltb sboptbat 

Wm. Page, wbo auperseded Patrick, is a yet- can get a messBee lo Jos's ear in good ehape. 

diecipllnarian, a good jndgeof men.ondof Work one bett«r, and ban been knonu to report boys 

too. and aiready baa effected many nceded re- elmply for thesakeof reporting. 

man fair to ail. vbileattbo HBme time eiaoting tiie plant. If yon luuk at it and emiie. It irill 

afairday'aworkfroro ail. Hehas no faToritaa, tam red, and report yon. 

hue tutned ont more wurk eince be I«ok charge tbere. and is nuw one uf our gang foremen. He 

with lésa hardahipa to the workara than Patsy is doing Hne aa to getting in plenty of orertimo. 

apbill job in undoingtbe Work (?) of bis prcdir it wilt snocced iutualdiig a tew of us indepen- 

cesaur, and in reatoring order ont of chaos, biit dentrich. Soroe of the boya on tbe engine «rs 

be is getting tbere with both feet. doing the rigbt thing, bot otJiera do nothing ail 

Tbie town is growlng rapidly, aeversl fine dny and come back at nlgbt and work on tbe 

baa one drawback, owing to ita ïery inferior an linee\\gB.Uao.\icie,ïuAÏHr o™ ■&»&». "A^ ^ 



old time inveetigation. Some at least woald be 

The latest we hâve îs a talked of suit against 
the Company for malpractice, at» our Company 
Physîcian has no shat skin. 

If we hâve time in our next we will give an out- 
line of a new way to pay old debts. 

We are now running a muck^ar mill in our 
blacksmith shop, Also a merchant mill and are 
drawing car axles down to inch and one eighth 
round to make bolts. Next month we will pub- 
lish a f ew names so there will be no mistaking 
the parties. 


PocATELLO, Idaho, April 21, 1891. 
Editor Mdgazine: 

Thinkingthe readers might be interested in 
some news from this place, I will send a f ew 

The N. A. M. are doing great work hère, it is 
only a matter of time when M. M. and gênerai 
foreman will be filled by them. There is one 
man who worked on the floor, now he is gang 
boss. The day before he was made gang boss, he 
fitted a pair of brasses on a pin. Well, he was 
filing and scraping for four hours. He wanted 
to be easy on his helper, so he would not hâve to 
carry it bahk to tee lathe. Well, yon should hâve 
seen the sweat corne off ! Gee wee I he would 
hâve been a crédit to any M. M. After the filings 
had been dumped out a Bannock buck came 
along and got a lot of the stuff and took it to the 
agency to hâve it examined, and it was 99 gold 
andl silver (babbit) The brasses must hâve 
been 1-16 less than the Journal sure for the 
amount the buck got hold of . 

Then there is another nice man, foreman in the 
machine shops. He came from Shoshone. They 
did him too much honor in Shoshone. He asked 
for a change, he could not stcmd it to be feted, 
and lireworks to be let ofif on his behalf . No- 
body would speak to him there. He came hère 
and joined the N. A. M. and made himself solid. 
No questions were asked, and now he has a great 
interest in a great merchandise store hère, and 
ail the boys go there and others f ollow suit. 
Great heads, see, kind of a co-op withno "diwy" 
unless it is a little time and a half now and then. 

Then there is one more nice man which I feel 
sorry for. He was asked to do a job and he 
would not do it, so he was let out. Now he has 
been hanging about for the last three months to 
be let in again. 

I believe the D. G. L. Number 1, of Omaha, has 
the case which is a big nut to crack, for a starter 
only just been organized. Perhaps it will be sent 
to Richmond. Then Richard will be himself 
again maybe. If not, let 82 take it. Thèse days 
of enlightenment are the ones for a strike for one 
man. It will not be the first time. 

There is a man hère 44 years old, who, a year 
ago was not considered a mechanic. He is now 
great heads, see? 

Earnestly Yours, 


Rawlins, Wyo., April 28, 1891. 
Editor Magazine : 

Since my last report several machinists, one 
boiler-maker, and one blacksmith hâve been 
added to the force hère, which makes itlook Hke 
old times once more. 

Rawlins is just now maklng préparations for a 
great boom this summer. We hâve already a 
daUy paper second to none in the state, a tri- 
weekly stage to Gold Hill, and a company has 
been formed to build a thirty thousand doUar 
hôtel. This, with the fine System of water works 
which are to be put in during thd coming sum- 
mer, will bring Rawlins right to the front among 
the thriving cities of Wyoming. 

About the only excitement we hâve had during 
the past month was our city élection, at which 
Tom Re^d was elected trustée by a sweeping ma- 
jority, and Henry Rasmuson re-elected mayor for 
the third term. They say that it was the women 
that elected Reid, but I don't believe it for he 
don't look like a ladies' man. Robert Omelia 
who was for some time in the hospital at Denver 
retumed on the 7th looking very much improved 
in health. Larry Hickey who was laid up with 
rheumatism for a couple of weeks is again at 
work. Bro. Harry Hagan started for the east on 
Tuesday evening to seek his fortune. Harry is a 
good boy and worthy of success wherever he goee. 

The govemment directors passed through on a 
spécial train yesterday, and never noticed us. I 
wonder if they know we are hère at ail. 

No. 3261 is still flourishing. Darbt. 

Omaha, Neb., April 21, 1891. 

Editor Magazine. 

Your editorial in last month's issue of the 
Magazine, in regard to the appointment of 
Dr. Galbraith as chief surgeon of the hospital. 
meets with our approval. 

Dr. Galbraith should never allow that self- 
constituted guardian and defender of the U. P. 
employés, Mr. Honin, editor of the plate-printed 
News Reporter, (minus the news) to advocate 
him for any position if he dreams of success. 
We were slow to believe that Dr. Galbraith was 
a party to any such methods to secure a position, 
we believed that the aforesaid Mr. Honin had 
been dreaming, or, perchance like Rip Van Win- 
kle, had awoke from a protracted sleep and dis- 
covered what others had iDeen unable to see, viz: 
that a change was needed somewhere, and struck 
the happy thought (to him) that it would be 
news for him to discover that the employés were 
dissatisfled with Dr. Pfeiffer, as they certainly 
did not know it before. For once Mr. Honin got 
some news for his paper. But alas, our doubts 
as to Dr. Galbraith's knowledge of the efforts be- 
ing made in his behalf were forever removed 
yesterday morning when he paid a visit to the 
shops for tho purpose, we believe, of interesting 
the gênerai foreman and some of the shopmen 
in his behalf, as he desired to hâve a shop man 
accompany a committee of engineers and fire- 
men to wait upon the powers that be, to secure 

ÂBUBTBONO. Kah., Aprïl îï. ISK, 


him the poeitian, At Itut Bcoonnt the porpooe and Uft ttiis evening for tinme. Jndging from 

failed. the réception Bccorde<l Ibem, the conhdenre ot 

I wonld bog leaTe to enggœt to Dr. Qalbraith the lopinberB in Bro. NeaBham grava Btronger 

that it m becumes a mui of his ablllty to allow eacb reat. 

anyone to osa sDch mMhiiâB to secare a poaitinn I nncleistand that the apprendces in tlie 

for him. Rather lot the poaition Bwk the man. chine shops this erening adopted nwolui 

thnn the man the position. tmoring H. E. Boston for tha pisition of fi 

If a change ia necesiiBry in Ihe hoBpifaJ, tbe Hastef Maolûnist of IheMachinista' Union, 

employés and not an onUider, ara the unes to j g j_i 

on the liait nf tbc men employed in the offices 

and Bhopti to aak tbat the; be consnlted in this 

niaCter. as they c^rtalnlf contHbute far- mora 

andreceiTerarleeBbenofltBthanthetraimnenor *■""■" ^"B""'">. 

Mr. HoHin, ot the JVe.cB Beporter, (niinne news.) The weather for the pnat month bae heen ïari- 

Dr. Pfeiffer aoitB thero aJrijiht H they mnst BUp- ahle. It has beau a aucuesBion of snnahine and 

Mr. Gooltt and partf Tieited the shops to-daj, to ail aniniated bodies in this localit}-. 

and Mr. Clark could not hdp bniHB impreasod Work in the Bbopa hors ia not totï brisk, or in 

wich thechauitein the appeaianoe uE the ma- the immédiate Ticinity. 

chine shops to-day comparai with hia previous I wooldoot adviBe mea seekingwork to corne 

maclûnePï- ialB and two boilannakerB tbis Bumon 90 (ar. 

Hcarcely had the Qould party left Oie ahopB Tlia Company bas got three ne» Buainee hacB 

Aaiording to reporta it is a settlod tact that Mr. toJl snpply ot waler and coftl included. 

Bprigg, of Connoil Bluffa roand houee, will bo H. Tbero «aa an order issttei! to the eoctlon baads 

U. at DenTST, and we congrBtnlate Denver ahop. on the U. F. rond that heieafter they will bave 

mon on Becuring suoh a man, and bespeak for to lose ail wet days, whieh will rednoe theic al- 

themagoodand sDonomïcal management, free roadj low wages considérable 

from any petCi pereunslitïea, and one which will The companj la tigbtoninK tbe screwe on ite 

reflect great crédit to Mr. Mc(?onnell for good vrorknien finanoiallï. whepe it is deemed eïpedi- 

Jadgemeiit in selecting Mr. Sprigg for the posi- enttodoBO. 

Among other changée, it la mmored again that yoor ttim next, 

Hr. Hanning ia to be master mecbanic hère. Tbe Miaaoari Pacific raiiroad Company sbnt 

wlth Otto flngler gênerai foreman, tlie œinor po- tbeir worfca dovin on Satnrday at tbe CipreaB 

aition not fllleii nt présent. yards, or wliere the shopa onght to be, in tbe in- 

Ur. WiD. McConnell is working Bgain in the terest nf economy. Thoae shope were bumed 

Ebops after an abeense of somothing lîhe twenty dowu BbouC six weeke ago. bat etill a large force 

years. of men are working Ihere. 

ThEiy Beem tuhaieFalhera unicgne wayof test- The long looked for changée bas corne at last, 

ing tbe boilers hère after ondergoing repaîra, andMr. Frank Braco,thegeniaIandgentlemanly 

Theypnton tbe lagging and jacket theu steam U aster Mechanic. bas teaisned, HewnstbemoBt 

np aod blow them 00t. Tbey flU up tbe boilers modest and retiring tailroad man, at the aaniB 

Alittlemoce expérience will teach them. per- mecbamcB allke. Borne of the foremen made 

hapB, tliitt iCia beettodo tbe tostïng befure tbe scorilons remarkaabout bim becauae be made 

lagging. ■ bimaelf troo lo epeak to aU men alike, iiteapec- 

dty beforo leavlng tbe abops, N'o more pninting riew, tbeir bodies are not h fit targct for tbe 

theengines that are on the road; it dou't pay. poisoneii arrowsof tbe Comœanobelodians, and 

nor ncTBr did. oU tbat is not mortol ot tbem sbonM ba con- 

Work in ail departmente except the fonndry, algnedtoobltvion and tbeir posterity ostjaBized. 

ie abontthesame as luatmoutb. butthe toondry for ail men aie bom Free and eqnal befote Ood, 

aeema to be ïecy short of Work litst at pr<»ent, and in deatb are eqnal, 

Themonlders wonlduodonbtbeglad ts see. tbe Joneiih Roberls ancHieded Ut, BroMa» Maator 

carwheels made hère again. aa aince the oompany Mechanic. It ifl a «oU-mBritad promotion, and 

lias been very apanmodic. eitber reqnlrlQg a lery the men ot Annstiong. Joseph Roberts le a far 

large force or elae no work for a email one. saperior mon to tbose wbo are trying to malign 

Bro. Oantt, of fjortb Flatta, paida vïait to hia obaraoter. Someof bîaenemieatookadvant- 

Omaba tbe latterpartof lastmontb. and gaveuB âge ot thia journal to try to fnrtber tbeir ends. 




watch yonin thefntureasl havein thepast, and of it mild from ealt and some of ît is yery salty. 

will giye y ou your jnst déserts. One characteristic of it, it bas no smell and very 

Mr. Gibbs, f ormerly of North Platte, Nebraska, little taste. 

succeeds Mr. Roberts as gênerai foreman. He House rent is comparitively cheaper Ihan it 

bas not tbe qaick, elastic stcp of bis predecessor, was tbree years ago. 

but is a railroad pliilosopher, as be bas filled tbe I will endeavor to give a lengtby statement in 

poet of master mecbanic, engineer, fireman, gen- my next letter in regard to wages, bouse rent 

eral foreman and consequently is conversant, with and provisions, 

tbe détails of tbe road and sbop work. Working bours in tbe sbops tbe same as re- 

Tbe élection in Kansas City, Kansas. on April ported in my last letter, fifty-two bburs a week, 

seventb, for municipal and townsbip officers, Ed Goodell, a packing bouse employé, wa« 

passed ofif quietly. Tbe focus of botb parties killed by a switcb engine, one day last week, be- 

was to see wbo would be tbe executive boad of tween Armstrong and tbe Kaw River bridge. It 

tbe city. Tbomas Harmon was nominated by was bis own négligence, as be walked right on 

tbe republicans at their convention, as mayor, tbe main track in front of tbe fast moving en- 

and a Knigbt of Labor, Jerry Stout, lately a boss gine. 

painter at Omaba, and formerly tbe same at An order was issued by tbe Missouri Pacific 

Armstrong, was nominated by tbe democrats at Company, ordering ail men and macbinery at tbe 

tbeir convention. Tbomas Harmon was elected Cypress sbops, be sent to Omaba, Nebraska, im- 

to tbe mayorality by about 180 majority. Wbicb mediately. 

made tbe elaction more fierce, was, tbat Harmon, Au Bout De Son. 

during tbe soutb-west strike on tbe Missouri Pa- 

cific railroad, was an ardent friend of tbe men, a •! 90 ioqi 

wbilst on tbe other band, Jerry Stout joined tbe Denveb, Colo., Apnl 22, 1891. 

law and order league witb a Wincbester rifle in Editer Magazine : 

band. I tbink tbe part be played in tbe strike We bave at last to congratulate ourselves tbat 

was tbe sole cause of bis defeat, as be was well tbe new sbops bave begun to assume sbape. 

liked otberwise, tbougb bis party claim tbeir de- Most of tbe men bave been transferred from tbe 

feat to Irisb and negro votes, and are very severe old sbops as well as tbe tools, botb tbe Soutb 

on tbe Irisb, as nine tentb of tbem are democrats Park and tbe old "K. P." présent a deserted ap- 

and not one tentb of tbem voted for Stout. Wby pearance; enougb men and tools only being left 

were Billy Mattf elt and ono-armed Wagoner de- to finisb some work left on tbe blocks. Tbere is 

feated on tbe republican ticket, botb running quite a contrast between tbe old and new, and it 

for townsbip constables? It is because tbe will be greater wben we get settled, tben I bope 

voters did not deem tbem fit persons for tbe po- to be able to give a gênerai description of tbem. 

sition. James Swigert, for tbe same position on Cbris Nelson, tbe génial foremen of blacksmiths, 

tbe same ticket was elected. Tbat goes to sbow seems to be tbe proudest man around, tbe con- 

tbat tbe voters picked tbeir men. trast between tbe présent quarters and tbe sbaky 

Boys, do it every time. Elect men on tbeir old shed be presided over so long cannot be esti- 

merits, and not on tbeir politics. mated, and tbe effects are no less on tbe men. 

Tbe Fort Scott and Gulf railroad company Monday last, notice was posted tbat J. Picico- 

bere discbarged a large force of men from tbeir lia, formerly gênerai foreman of tbe "Park," was 

sbops last week, and tbe Missouri Pacific dis- appointed gênerai foreman of tbe division, wbicb 

cbarged some of its men at tbe Cypress sbops, makes bim gênerai foreman of tbe sbops. Tbere 

near bere. seems to bo no dissatisfaction at tbis. Rumors 

Work in tbe contract sbops is dull. are plenty tbat tbere will be other cbanges in tbe 

Tbe packing bouses are discbarging a great officiai roster and tbat a Mr. Sprigg, of Council 

numbor of men. Bluffs, is to be Division M. M., but tbis may be 

No new municipal improvements contem- only rumor, It is not safe to be elated over 

plated tbis season worth mentioning. rumors. But if it be true be will find tbat tbe 

Tbe principal streets of Kansas City, Mo. and majority of tbe men bere will be ready to co-op- 

Kansas City, Kansas are f ull of idle men looking erate witb bim in making tbese sbops tbe best on 

for employment and cannot get it. Some of tbem tbe System if be meèts tbem balf way, and does 

offering tbeir services for a dollar a day. not forget tbat success dépends mucb on tbe 

Provisions are bigb to wbat tbey were tbree rank and file, 

montbs ago. Potatoes are now selling f rom$1.25 Workmen regard a railroad shop as a place to 

to $1.50 per bushel, Pork steak, 10 cents a earn a living in repairing and building railroad 

pound; beef steak, 12^2 cents to 20 cents a pound; macbinery, notbing more, at least not as a 

boiling beef 5and6 cents a pound; roast beef, médium to foster someone's Personal scbemes. 

IZYi cents to 15 cents a pound ; adulterated lard, Every person workicg in sucb a place is old 

8 cents a pound ; leaf lard, 10 cents a pound ; but- enougb, or sbould be, to know wbat bis duty is, 

ter, packinghouse, from 12H to 25 cents a pound; If be does not do it be is out of place. Sucb 

Some of tbis butter in retail stores sells as high men cannot go long witboutexposingtbemselves. 

as 35 cents. Very little pure butter in tbe market. It requires no underhanded scbeming to find 

Packing bouses are using ail sorts of scbemes to sucb out. Every man sbould stand or fall on bis 

deceire the public. It is made into ail sbapes own merits, assisted by bis fellows if an injustice 

and colorst in print roUs and in firkins. Some be done Mm., Â. mBiv -w^io doe» Tiot do bis duty 


beofliiseûfUiBinability<itBonieinen who got In- 

becoplaced in ihf twrt. PlWM oali at jour 

deal wiUi b bod; of inen. resnlt^s are always bail 

Barlieat convBDlfincB, inorilBC to Bars cont» and 



Atoreraimofmenia a leadec of men in tho 

ThiH notice in ainty p«r cent of cases bringa tlie 

party lato court ta ascectaiu That the "matter" 

pets, Bïerr man homuBt Ireot absolntaly alike, 

referred to is and thau we can décide »bat counw 

tLce!.oaUalika, I trust that any man wl.o oomee 

hereaflM.M.wUlbeoneorthat kiad. Such a 

H will inform tbem of aoma of the raethods used 

bfwatoniwlsdriftin mid-ocpan but it wlll be 

arensed, j 


Jay Qonld end partf luolc a look acoand the 


past moath. McConnell bIbo spent some time 

Hakna, WïO-, Apcil n, 1891.^ 

tinie hère. We were aU oonaiderabls m,.rn inWr- 

Edllor Mixgaiijie: 

eatediathalatter. tlan tlw tormar. Hb daOa 


TbB eity Election proTBd a land BlidB. uoder in otder lORiTO thoae who wiabed 1o reiuain in 

which were baried the tond hopes ot many a pai- the amiiloy ot the Conipanr. eteady emploimeut. 

aaite, there baing a oumplete chaage in the polit- ]i -would be neceasarj lo inspend or let ont a 

icalconit)leiion of the citï bail. Joe Vîak Roy nnmberof iubd at No. 2. mine. Od and aft«r 

WB* eleelfld ciCy cUrk, and bas rmigned from hia AprU Ist, tbo foilowing prie» wonld be paid for 

position as time-keeperat the Bhops. mining: Siïty cents pec ton, Z.Wttponndato the 

iH a ptominent cundidate (or nppointraent an ut thU mine were 71 conle per ton, a.MI ponuds 

City boiler inapector, and deserves tbe iKMition. to the ton, Vi ofttoralack. Whilo the ohanm e[- 

is woll qnaiiBed for it, and it ia the wiah ot bis fecta some yet upon the whole lie minera van 

namerons friend» throoghont the city that bc saliafied lo glïs it a tair triai. But this ther 

>f^ '*■ were not pemiittod lo do withont oertain stipola- 

Tbe membara of L, 4.^218 will glTB tbBir Sth tions. On tbe aflth a nolicewaa posted lo the e^ 

BOniTPrsarjputerlainmBnt thalatter part of May f«t Ihal Ihosewhowishedto remain in thB em- 

BBd MtB. Lbiuw, th« ladï orator, «bu did BUcli ef- pio, of the company Ht Nn. 2 mine mnat call at 

fectiïe work for the cauBo of the peoplfl in Kan- theeoalofflce andsign artiolBBof agreemeul no 

aaalaat faU, ilia eipected wiU ho secured to laler Iban tba 31st, Those wbo refnsed muet cal] 

speak on that occaHion. The entertainmenta of for their time. Alimited number readily bitand 

aas bave always been grand sncoeaaee, and thia madetracka to gettheir namea at tlia head of 

yaar will be no eiception. the liât, then Irled to indoco othera not to hIrh, 

General bnsinBBS remaina duU in the city. as wltb the fond bope of bavinn tbe promise of 

compared lo thia time lest year, and men think- BWBdy work ïerified, but in both thay baie met 

ingof cominuthis «ay for work shonid remem- wllh diaappointment. Tbose »ho wisheii to see 

bec that the» aie many hundred men itow hère tliingt doneproperl}'. andon tbe Bq.nare. aasem- 

ontofwork. bled tiigether; after dlacnaaing thu situation. 

Pirty-two honra per week ia the présent work- ooncluded nnder the f irenoiBtanoBs tbay oonld do 

ingtimeintheehopB. no betlerthan to aubmitto tbe inévitable. It îs 

OnemetbodofgKtiea b™inesa ie illustrated "B*"*"""™^ ^'°*"'^'™"'™ °' "'"^ ""'' 

by tbe foUowing letler that haa been aant around '^"* ^ ^™^' 

among hnsineaa men hère, headed by the name We hâve again been noiifled that ail tboee oc- 

o( a ptomlnont Justice of the Peaee. and slgned «nPïing houwB muât report at tbe oHlce aa early 

byalawfirm. It iUaBtroteabowtheinBtitutiona " P^lble to lease, AU hon-ea hère are 

<.reatedbïtbepeoplearenBed,for whileit may """"i by the U. P. Co. Tbe leaaestipalalee that 

heperfoct]ïlegitimat8,itiraplieaablackmBiling a "an with a tnmil y will Tacal« the promiaas in 

mathod.itworkaontheignoran^otlhepeople, th™, fiTe or ten days noUce, Jost aa the Com- 

10 compelled to pay exhorbi- 
away any right or jnstice the 

antagB ia baing takan of t 

and wbile nndOQbtedlïtliHro are many thi 

serve it, wben allowed, wbo knowa Irat wbat it -".'»- *......«.,'. 

will be used againat innocent peopla : ™^ ™"- ^^ »J«| 

on'r°H"wof"u^n'"^.teWa\td^toinUr- ''^'^^i^^^"^"^^' 

jour patronage. We tnke colleodonH on u fi _^_ __ 

percentof theammmtcoUeeted, and in 0E8CB in îe^ervé ït fur our " ~~ Nra 

wbicb we aie obligBd to bring suit, we adaame tbat inevBntofnot making a 

indgBmeatgood,yanBrenotbnrdBnod with tbe Omah^.S^'û., ^v^^ita. 

cost ot soit in addition to the loBB of claim. Up- Editer Muguîinc-, 

on reeeipt of bill wo aeud tbe défendant tbe fol- I huïa been deWs'Q'îeù -w^Sie -cïfiaiTO 

lowÎBg ùalice : joar aVile ato-oiiBia oaA>a^»ii* 



effect the intereete of the people of the présent 
time, and also on subjects of importance to ne 

The numeroufl letters from varions points on 
the System are also instructive and sufçgestive. 
I hâve been hlghly pleased on reading the logical 
contributions from '*Blacksmith/* There is a 
Sound ring from his anvil. We need a f ew more 
"Blacksmiths/' they would help to vulcanize our 
actions into harmony with our obligations on 
behalf of human rights. There is room for ail to 
st^md on our platform, what other organisation 
can say the same? 

It is amusing to witness the inconsistency of 
some of our so-called champions of labor. 
Heaven save us from some of our earwig friends. 
some hâve distinguished themselves prominently 
on a récent occasion, when the rights of the mas- 
ses against the classes were deeply involved. 
Bro. John has made many warm friends for the 
manly stcmd and wholesome trtuhs he had 
spoken on that occasion, but he stood no show 
near the polished and self-constituted little 
statesmen présent, who imagined they had a mo- 
nopoly of the intelligence of Nebraska, and had 
it confined under their No. 5 hat, but the resolu- 
tions came ont type written with a grand flour^ 
ish, and of course our learned (?) friends came 
ont with flying colors. If I am informed correct- 
ly, and I think I am, our friend **J. B. J." must 
be very anxious about Mr. Manning and others. 
It seems to me J. B. J. would commana more re- 
spect if he would endeavor to overthrowhis little 
nationality hobby, and dévote his talents to the 
interests of his fellow men, and not to clique or 
corporation. Live up to Knighthood, as there is 
no room in the ranks of labor for double-dealers, 
of course he will do so, except his obligations 
and afhliation are dearer to him in other chan- 
nels. Mr. M. should not be spared if he has done 
wrong, or shown insufficiency or discrimination 
in the service, but it may be he took a lesson from 
others in the same business. If so, neither should 
besustained. That practice has gone too far 
now, and it is time to call a hait by those in au- 
thority. If certain employés would dévote as 
much attention, display and zeal in the cause of 
labor as they hâve in disruption, wo would be a 
grand success, at least in our intentions, if not 
in our intelligence and loyalty to the spirit and 
letter of the constitution, as citizens of our com- 
mon country. 

Respeotfully Yours, 


Albina, Ore., April 18th, 1891. 
Editor Magazine: 

Since my last letter was written, Mr. McCon- 

nell has paid us a visit, which seems to hâve had 

a very désirable effect, from the appearance of 

the yard etc., as the cieaning process has been 

the order of the day since his departure. A per- 

son would scarcely know this place from the 

manner in which things are put in their proper 

place. The scrap pile which haa been accumu- 

-fatins- for years, haa vanished as hy magie, and 

ail the machinery is receiving a coat of paint* 
which gives it a clean appearance, and while this 
is the order of business, I would suggest that the 
sanitary part of it receive prcper attention also,, 
as it is sorely in want of some improvement. 

James Walsh has resigned his position as gên- 
erai f oreman and gone to the Sound. He has the< 
best wishes of ail. 

Mr. A. E. Curtis has been appointed to the po- 
sition vacated by Mr. Walsh. He is evidently 
the right man in the place, and from ail indica^ 
tions will give good satisfaction toallconcerned. 

Did yôti hear of that humble pétition that or- 
iginated in the machine shops? It read thusly t 
**We beg the M. M. to promote our Josh to gên- 
erai f oreman, as it will elevate our standard and 
advance some of us to a good position, that we 
could not obtain otherwise." Our pétition re- 
ceived the signature of several, but some hae th& 
audacity to refuse us, consequently we did not 
hâve the moral courage to présent it and th& 
North American-Mongolian élément seems hos- 
tile and deeply chagrined at their utter aonihila- 
tion, as Charley was not in it. 

We beat the world hère f <.»r inventions, as w& 
hâve discovered a process of makingsteam with- 
out water. 

I will not say anything about working houiB» 
fearing they might be changed by to-morrow^ 
But we do not work Saturday p. m., only such aa 
hâve the good will of the bosses, and they work 
ail the time and Sunday occasionally. The re- 
pair gang is kept busy, but they don't work more 
than the allotted time. This was caused by a 
second pétition from the machine shop. 

That seems malum in se but magna est veritas 
et preva/ibit. 

Frank and Tom is par nobile fartrum^ and they 
may yet learn luomanum est errare. 

Bro. John Tracy has been confined to the hou se 
for several days with the grippe, which is préval- 
ent at présent. When last heard from was im- 

But some are afflicted with what I would call a 
peculiar aliment, viz : becoming round shouldered 
from responsibilities, at least I learn that such 
is the case. 

We had quite an exciting time in the mill a 
day or two ago. The wiper attempted to hang 
some pulleys, but the pulleys wouldn t hang,or at 
least they hung too well, as they had no oil holes 
in them which caused considérable trouble to 
the f oreman in that department. The wiper was 
told to go where he belonged, or else he would 
be assisted to his place. 

Business is picking up on the road, an extra 
passenger train has been put on which gives the 
people better accommodations. 

New rails are being laid and the road is being 
put in better condition, which is a long felt 

Edward Cookingham has been appointed Su- 
perintendant in the place of Mr. Crocker, which 
seems to give better satisfaction to the road men. 

Spring has come at last, and flowers and treea 
hâve put forth their lovely blossoms and filled 
the air with a lovely fragrance, which cause» 
everyone to bave a Wgbt BiiâL ^o-ïoxjlbVçwiX. «ilob^I- 


ing Bome of tbe légal fratenùty, who aeom very thfîrobae been many a poor fallaw le 

UcConnell, to "do BomelhinR m 

iDBpect." A little instanoB occt 

ehao a tev daja Bince whicb m^ modesCf forbida never Ulid it nat. 

me to meatloD, but Bhould the aame Ihing occur Ent Mr, Depew seamc 

again I shall be lempted to speak wants iJie people to kni 

C. R. Cramer, alia» Blondy. li 
denly a week ago, foc 


lends to tlie Lord," anil for t«ar tlie Liir 


....... ....... .. a . aflwclinnnrBpeeoh troiQ the N. 

Mr. Maxin loqta Doaplenf hla teathere the nrst 
or the moDtli, having to aocept a position Ht Blncetbo Minnesota legislat 

amaUerpay. -Alas how themighty haa fallen." ^^^,^'*^^,"*^"^'' ',■" 

and more are likolîtofoUow in biti toot »top "' ■^nn„„.„r„, 

Later,— John Tracïaad (amilr leavB hère ii 
n (ew dayH (or tUe saat, as tbia country doea no 
agrée wïtb kim. John has the beat wÎEbea of al 

9 from 

Obskbïee. BŒptsdaUothor prodorlj ft«m tflïcs and ad- 

joaraed "aine die," 

L.1EAM1E, Wjo.. Auril ai, 1«H. An amendaient wasotteredlo the McHale bill 

in Uinnesota, prohibiting dry gooda merohauta 

magazine: from Bo!linBnadraB«edkid gloTe», nniler a pen- 

QÎBt hnrn "^^ °' ^^^ "' '""' î™f'8 impriflonment, but waa 

ETorything ia rerj q 

it writing. I 1 

rar and the "people' ï 

tory lav. I bave known it to tempt âteady pru- 

hibitjoniata to driak.— and aome seem to like it. 

InOregon a man with a littla broTii jag 

tlppedtbe wluk. aod inriteda prohibitioniet to 

tadeaswig. The i nritntion waa deolined witb 

Donatderable dignity. The friend boweier kept 

urgiag, and aftec e«>eral refueala, the prohibi- 

■nntleci pohtioiana ^onjgj c^aenfad to partnke, and carryins tha 

ket. but did eleot jag tohis lipa, took aBwaUowol aufflciant mag- 

(publifians eleotea nitndel 

e uf the old ] 

■of the"i 

I bad flown very (nr down hie tbroat. he : 
id the jng irith a moat diaguated mpreflutoj 

parti" wenow bave four totwo. Wb nrganiied tig taoo. "Why," 

on January sut, IHUO. "Ofcouraeit'a onlj wawr," Baid Oie owner of 

nottoeï0eBil$12,whîleÛierepnblicaua tried to Our oitj offiolala are aftec the litUe ganiblBca. 

intimldate Q9 by aaying unleaa we had »l,0OO to ThoyhaTohicodadelBetiTe, who ia alao au en.- 

«pend. WB had batter atay ont o( polillcfl. nnd I p|„j,g „( y^ jj_ p^ gbopa in the oapacity of ma- 

amintocmedthatB^^le «111 not pay thair ai- obiniafa helpec, not a baok namber, but a late 

pense», Doaoun Hayfocd «aya: "We didn't cat acquisition, and who, I am informed, offered H. 

muoh of a figure, bat helped to elect aome good Oeborne pay fur a job.-Hacry told him to go lo 

aldanoBu." heavenihe knew he'dhare to die !« get there. 

Bepev, Vauderbilt and otlier railway magnai» Itisof ooncae undorïtood that the dutyof a de- 

pa»8«l through hero Baturday, the 18th. Tha teotiYB lo oatoh (jamblers, Je to try and oaWb 

only rBQfion my attention waB callod lo thie, was the littlfi raacala, becauae the big onea can al- 

meeting Depewon the platform and aakingfora of Ihe aherlS 'a boy. who aaked hia father nben 

paaa, bacaude he claimod hv uaed Uy lake care of he had a llttle raecle lo hanif. to lat him han^ 

hlB riga at some liYBCy stable in Now ïocfc. Tha him. "Oh, ahayina," aaya theohi man. "I never 

tramp—pechape aoontederate or confidence man hang anybutlittle once myaelf ; tbe big onea are 

to gain noioriety for the 'granger oandidale"— alwayfi let go. Fifty-two dollars fine ea-Ai -«as. 

WB8 told that he coulil not ba pasBod by Mr. De- theTBrdiotof Jadea Sa^opi, asKi.ïi«<- ■"•« ™"- 



bling is detrimental to society. The mania for 
gambling is iucreasing, and until the law is so 
framed that we can commence at this evil, as the 
man who digs a well, commence at the top and 
go down, I am af raid we will not make mnch 
progress in preventing it. It may be that our 
last législature passed such laws, but uHtil we 
get the news from f oreign papers we wUl perhaps 
not find it out. 

We had hard work getting hold of some o£ the 
changes made in the élection laws, and we h,ad 
about as soon ask a doctor in Laramie to visit 
oar f amily, on the arrivai of twins, as to ask a 
lawyer's advice. We can't afford it. 

Our "L. A." is getting along nicely. I often 
think our District Master Workman and your- 
self stay at home too much. Come out and get 
acquainted with us occasionally. Don't try to 
go over the wholelineand spend fourteen days 
in a week at one trip, but divide your territory 
and make a flying visit at différent times. 

Ail are not so fortunate (?) as to be correspon- 
dent. I believe in "rociprocity" of ideas, ail 
would hâve a better opportunities to swap opin- 
ions, and this might help us ail out some. 

I move that they be ordered out occasionally. 
Is there a second to the motion? 

Civis Amerioanus. 



Whereas^ it has pleasedthe Great Master Work- 
man of the universe to remove from our midst 
our brother and fellow Knight, Mr. J. D. Wil- 
liams, who was killed in the Rawlins railroad 
yard on Monday, March 30th, 1891. 

Whereas, by his death, Advance Assembly No. 
3,261 Elnights of Labor loses a valued member, 
therefore be it 

Resolved^ that we extend to the bereaved fam- 
ily of our lamented brother our sincère and 
heartfelt sympathy in their bereavement. 

Resolvedy that as a mark of respect to the 
memory of our late brother, our charter be 
draped in mouming for the space of thirty days. 

Resolvedy that a copy of thèse resolutions be 
engrossed and f orwarded to the f amily of the de- 
ceased, and that a copy thereof be published in 
the Journal of the Knights of Labor and the 
Union Pacific Employés' Magazine. 

WiLiii Reid. 
J. D. Cbaig. 
P. H. McGlone. 

It is where obédience leaves off that the will 
power of man really begins, for the obedient man 
is intellectually unborn, he exercises and devel- 
opes the power of imitation, he is as docile and 
subser vient as a good natured brute. 

—Sturdy Odk, 

Oh, now carpets are us, ail McKinleyed so high 
That it's never the floor of the poor tbey^U come 
And oh, tisn't by graduai stages- 
No, but lo I with a leap and a g. o. p. jump— 
That the priées go up, while man's heart goes 
For the onething that' s not up is wages ! 

Oh, your kérosène, canned goods, and corsets 

eftid skirts 
Hâve gone up — even hen-f ruit's affected I 
Oh, your stomach, your back, and your f eet and 

your head 
Are aÛ threatened— your food, and your fire and 
your bed — 
And oh, that is the way you're protected. 

Oh, now, good wife, why bother becaose yoa 
can't buy 
Thèse new blankets you've needed so long? And 
oh, fie! 
Now, my good man, why shoold you care if 
You've no coat to your back when the boréal 

Rushes down from the pôle? Oh, don't fret— you 
wont freeze — 
You're protected from the cold by the tariff. 

Oh, you're protected from wearing new boots 

that might pinch. 
And your lady from lacing within just an inch of 

her life; you're protected from smoking ; 
But, oh my ! when it comes to protection from 

For your wife, and your wide-mouthed, helf- 

starved little brood, 
It's no longer a matter for joking ! 

— M. N. B. in Boston Globe, 


In thèse trying tiroes of labor agitation and corn* 
When ail men, pretty nearly, harbor théories- 
queer and quaint, 
There's a strike of great importance and it inter- 
ests us ail. 
For it marks our every victory, it records our 
every f ail, 
And it goes on daily, hourly, though we glve it 
little thought, 
It is not for higher wages, nor for shorter hours 
Quite beyond ail arbitration, it is past dedaring- 
'Tis a brother to the hourglass and forever 
doomed to run. 
It strikes upon the church tower, in the factory» 
on the dock, 
It strikes for time, with ring and chime, the 
striking of the clock. 

Robert J. Thompson, 



JUNE, 1891. 

No. 5. 


ActB o£ violence, to enforce th.e 
demauds or desirt>s of an incUvid- 
ual or individuals, are to be depre- 
cated in any justly govemed state. 
A j ustly governed etate could be 
Buch only wben it provides for th.e 
proper adjudication of thèse ques- 
tions and the enforcement of the 
décision, and a properly governed 
state ought to cover in ita author- 
ity ail questions of whatever na- 
ture tbat might arise between its 

Acts of violence hâve been of 
common occurrenfee within a few 
years orer questions that the state 
seems to hâve in no way provided 
for, and thatis in questions arising 
between employer and employé. 
It may be that sueh questions can 
net be provided for in our System 
o£ jurisprudence, as it is based on 
oiie that recognized a ruling and a 
menlal class, but they are causing 

Lgreat disturbances to the tranquil- 
ity of Society which society ought 
to be able to provide itself against 
and especially as the indications 
are that it will increase rather than 
diminish, as the power of the em- 
ployer over the employé has been 
increasing rapidly as well as the 
activity oï the employed. 
It has beeii apparently the com- 
mon belîef of judicial miuds that a 
person hiring to another became 
the servant of the other and that 
as the servant has an iuferior re- 
ïatiou to the nia.ster, his rights 

could not be considered in the 
same libéral light. Legally such 
a i-elatiou may be considered oue 
of contract sufficient for judicial 
action when one party wishea to 
plea it, but in practice, where can 
eveu an implied contract between 
employer and employé be found 
that has more than one party to it? 
or where a redress by law for a 
violation of it is provided. It is 
over the attempta to enforce thia 
which the law does not provide 
for, that the violence we refer to is 

When but a few were servants, 
and it was easy for one to become 
his own master, and no master had 
a large number of servants, the 
question arising over tbeir differ- 
encea had little sîgnificance, but 
now, when the act of one master 
effecta ten of thousands of men, 
and who hâve practically no re- 
dreaa at law againet his unjuat dé- 
cisions, and ail that they hâve in 
life is jeopardized by it, it puts a 
différent face on the whole matter, 
aud still greater, when a few mas- 
ters eau, by mutual agreemeut 
jeopardize the interest of a large 
proportion of the natiou's citizens 
and in doing so act legitimate aud 
free from any prescribed penalty, 
it indicatea the establishment of a 
monarchy within a democracy, and 
when any attempt is made to cur- 
tail that power, it is fouud uucon- 
stitutional to vat&rfa-ï^ -^^-^i^ "A,. 


injured? And what other deci- One is supposed to hâve as nauch 
sion could be reach thanthatthere right as another. 
is some very fatal defects in our The only power the workman 
constitutional protection of man's has cornes in union o£ action with 
interests, which is ail that a con- his fellows, when they use it 
stitution is supposed to protect, against eflfects, the tranquility of 
or that some men hâve been society is eflfected; they hâve not 
allowed to gain a power, that by yet leamed to use it against causes 
right and for the welfare of man- by applying preventatives. When 
kind in gênerai, they should not they (fisturb society, society is 
hâve. A man or corporation, who against them as far as it can speak 
hâve a large number of men in through the govemment. It will 
their employ is quite commonly protect any that may by their act 
considered a benef actor, as if make their condition worse, even 
it were not for the work they fur- if such be not citizens of the state, 
nish, others would starve, as if the it will restrain the citizen work- 
natural resources would be any man f rom trying to persuade them 
less or the physical or intellectual f rom injuring them, and yet the 
powers of men be less if the bene- citizen workman could, if he 
f actor did not exist. It would be would, be the ruler of the nation, 
far better for générations yet un- Can such exist long, and under 
born if some of the so-called ben- a republic? Must not such a con- 
efactors did not exist at ail, for, a dition cease or the republic cease? 
few seasons employ ment from him The forerunner qt the final con- 
brings men to a condition in which flict that seems destined to come, 
they f eel dépendent on him, thuô appears on the scène, and blood 
weakening the powers of self de- has been spilt. At Denver the 
pendence. past month, an employer of labor 

It is a common argument oflfered and a few armed men with him 
that an employer should say who deliberately shot to death two men 
shall work for him, and what he and severely wounded many others 
shallpay for the service; the first simply because he was incensed 
may be right in a limited way, but over the f act that he had been un- 
never the second. The one who able to continue his work because 
will oflfer this will also say, if a the men had left his employ dis- 
man does not like his work or pay satisfied with the wages he offered 
he should quit, but if a hundred and they had succeeded in per- 
or a thousand conclude to quit at suading others from accepting it, 
the same time, "they are commit- and when they approached some 
ting an outrage," "they are strik- more men who he had persuaded 
ing," "they are using violent meth- to work for him, he deliberately 
ods," and "I do not believe in opened fire on them. He had been 
strikes." Such always kills ail the granted the right to carry weap- 
eflfects the liberal(?) admission that ons for the purpose, he was made 

. a man has a right to quit implies, thus the enf orcer of his wishes re- 
for if one man quits the injury to gardless of what society might 
the employer is too slight to be judge should be his wishes; he be- 
ascertained, the complaint against came his own judge and execu- 
the many leaving is because of its tioner, and his act is lauded by 
eflfects on the employer therefore some, and it is a question whether 
it is his interests only that are justice will be meted ont to him, 
considered from such a standpoint, the same as if workman had gone 
and yet wby should his interests to the same extrême, yet why hâve 

be considered more tban another's? they not t\ie same t\^\. Vo ^elexA 


their interesta by assassination if tbey try it. They areintlie posi- 
they thiûk it iieceseary, the ques- tion of a nation, their i-ights can 
tion of employment and how niuch be enforced onlybysuccessful war. 
they will receive is of far more Can no other remedy be provided, 
importance to them than what the other than that the masaeB submit 
employer défends; starvation and to the will of the few, and will the 
Buffering does not face him. masses long so submit? ^ 

The afïair at Denver is but a ^^^^^^^^^= ■ 

counterpane of the one at Chicago- ~ • 

strengthened by the fact that they A PRACTICAL MOVE. 

hâve' hâve the exact parties that 

did the kîlling — for which eight AU agitations of a people for im- 
men were puuîshed, only the vio- provements in their social econ- 
lence is on the other aide; willjua- omic: relations must finally culmin- 
tice workon both sides alikeï ate io practical political action. 

An anarchlstic Society known as What is desired must be crya- 
the Brick Manufacturera Associa- talized into law that the people 
tion, hâve pasaed résolutions laud- must make and support. 8iich 
ing the act. They are anarehistic muât be the harvest f rom agitation, 
because they do not favor law antl organization and éducation seed 
order méthode. An anarchist is « that has been sown. Such aowing 
being to be abhored. Will not is absolutely neeeasary before a 
esamples of this kind soon cause a harveat can be expected. It takes 
reign of anarchy? time for a principle, involving 

We are facing conditions that their own good, to permeate the 
seems to iead to it. An employer masses and become fised in their 
hires a number of men, the wages minds. No auccessful movement 
offered are accepted, their exiat- of a people bas corne about spon- 
ance made to accord vfith them ; taneously, or that had not for a 
from ail appearaiices there will be basis a principle, which eetablish- 
steady work for many years at ed, would increase the exercise of 
leaat; the men put ail their sa vings justice and right and the élévation 
into homes, no indication of any ofhnmanity. The agitationagainst 
m i BU nder standing with the em- chattel elavery finally reached 
ployer exista. Suddenly a reduc- practical political action, thoueh 
tion in wages is ordered, the im- many thought it should not be 
plied contract that some believe brought into politics, when it 
exists is broken, the employer wUl reached thiastageitwasirresistible. 
not listen to the arguments of the Chattle alavery was doomed, be- 
meu, he has others to take their cause the agitation had assumed 
places, or, for a season doea not that formidable shape waa what 
care to continue opérations. They precipitated the war ; acarcely 
must accept what he offers or seek twenty-five years pasaed from the 
work elsewhere and loae most of time the agitation began before it 
their aavinga for years by being culminated in a successful politi- 
forced to move and in seeking em- cal move. 

ployment They hâve vital inter- A progressive people eau never 
ests to défend, and aociety ofFers be at rest. A progressive people 
nothing to aid them, but should it must be one that seeks knowledge, 
not? Their only hope is in fore- hâve a désire for it; the doctrine 
ing the employer to deal justly that "what is is right" can never 
with them. There is a desperate hâve long a large following. Such 
chance in striking and preventing is the doct^vae 's.'a.'o.^'^ "^"3 '^^^ 
others from taking their place and BtTact\oTi\ft^.s to V\«a.ft.w -ç-v-wp* 



their favorite argument is "your tion, we propose to do it." 

father and mother believed or did Nearly 1500 représentatives of 

so and so before you, and what of industrial organizations, cover- 

was good for them you ought to ing ail occupations, hâve met the 

be satisfied with." The progrès- past month in national convention. 

sive spirit seeks new fields to in- They hâve decided to unité and 

vestigate, practice the apostles hâve formed a national political 

command to "prove ail things." party, and take the only practical 

The panic of 1873, creating f rom means there is to consumate the 

an industrious peôplé an army of refonns they hâve been agitating 

tramps; the first known in this for so long. It is the practical 

land of unlimited natural re- step to garner the harvest that has 

sources, brought out most vividly has been prepariug. 

and practically thefact, there must It must hâve for its supporters 

be some principal *founded in eter- every one who has been honestly 

nal justice, that was being violated seeking for relief f rom the class 

in the practical càrrying on of our législation that has characterized 

économie affairs. that caused dis- our government for the past twen- 

tress on one side and opulence on ty-five years, and who hâve * so 

tlie other, causing the rich to grow of ten been disappointed by the 

richer and the poor poorer. Since promises and resolutions oflFered 

then, there has been agitation and as sop by the political machines, 

discontent, there has been strikes It must hâve, ultimately, for its 

and lockouts, struggles and tur- supporters ail those who hâve 

moils. It has been masses against struggled through strikes, lockouts 

classes, and classes against masses and industrial dépressions, to 

without a permanent good resuit, maintain living wages and the 

except inasmuch as it has educa- simplest right of men, and those 

ted the masses and driven them who hâve fell before the competi- 

nearer to the one view, that the tion of huge monopolies, only to 

advantage of the classes has been discover their own weakness and 

acquired by the use of political be astonished at the powers they 

power creating spécial privilèges, hâve contended against. Such 

to the loss and dégradation of the struggles hâve convinced many at 

masses, and that relief must come least that the power of their op- 

by attacking that stronghold and ponents lays in the privilèges the 

restoring to the people that which law gives them; as the escaping 

is theirs; this means the political chattel slave found that it was law 

unionof the masses against classes, that made him the slave, law that 

It means a practical step toward the m aster enacted. 

a solution of the labor problem by The convention hâve set forth a 

aiding the individual to solve it platform covering such questions 

for himself by freeing him from as hâve stood the test of agitation 

the conditions that the establish- as steps necessary toward gaining 

ment of spécial privilèges has the object soùght. To some it 

caused. may appear as not covering enough 

The material has been prepared ground, to others that it goes toc 

and to get results a start must be far, but to ail it must commend it- 

made that there can be a rallying self as outlining a mdve in the 

point. The only platform that is right direction. Its whole fabric 

really necessary for a start can be is made up of principles that ail 

saidin few words: "There is some- the industrial reform movements 

thing wrong in our social aflPairs hâve declared right, principles 

that can be righted by political ac- that ail admit must be engrarted 



iuto our laws, but that never will destined to disapointment. Aniong 
hn by those opposed to tliem, as sucli will be many oî the "labor 
the old political machines hâve leaders" for polîtical positiona 
many times demonstrated they only. It wîll hâve a good effect 
were. Theii what course ia there by esposing their exact positiou. 
left for the people but to unité ou Already the subsidigeii orgaua 
them, regardlesa of former alElia- o£ the old machines hâve beguu 
tione and earry them to asuccesB- their vitupérations; their nnani- 
ful issue? Workingmen on strike niity in this ought to be a valu- 
have been told time aud agaiu able object lesson; it exposes their 
that they were doing wrong; that hyprocracy ; the wires that tnake 
"legislationisyourproper remedy" them jump ail lead to the same 
but the words spoken behind the place. One says the movement ia 
scène, if they had been heardwould made up of a lot of "soreheaded 
hâve conveyedthe idea in addition, repablicans," Another reverses 
"so long as you delegate us to do this and aays it ia led by "confed- 
it for you." Législation is the erate brigadiers," and as the fools 
proper remedy, but delegate your- are not ail dead yet, thereare thoae 
seli to do it ia the proper way to who call themselves démocrate, 
succeed. Never chance sending a who will gnash their teeth, at the 
dishonest agent so long aa you can thoughtofcruahing their old en- 
go yourself. emy m disguise; others of the 

The People Party is rightly samekind under aditferent name, 

named. The induatrial classes will convulsively and reverently 

form such a large part of the whole glanceatthe old pharphanalia of 

population that the rest are not war and déclare how many "reba" 

worth conaidering, to it must unti- they are able to get away with 

mately come ail who hâve endeav- yet. Anything to keep men as 

ored to establish labors riglits by they hâve been. The workman 

organized efforts or stand as the of the city is told it's a "hayseed" 

ecab iscommonly considered ; there movement and the f armera are told 

can and will bebuttwoparties;one that the "anarohiata" are manipu- 

striving to maiutain the reign of lating it to destroy their homes, 

plufcocracy, the other the people. They déclare that it is made up of 

As the moat deapotic courts hâve "cranks and political outcaata," 

found fawing grovelling support- and, "oh, deah, the hoade fellahs," 

ers among their most depressed simpers the "society" lambs wlio 

subjects, so will plutocracy hère, are uot quite healthy enough to 

There will be those who will eon- bave commou sensé, nor aickly 

tinue to foUow the king or his de- enough to make angels of. 
sceudents, because, "hâve they not For a few days prior to the con- 

always?" But by such the world ventiou the plutocracy organa were 

never advanced, or was made ail quite sure it would break up in 

better off. a row, but on the day following 

The struggle for the aupremacy adjoumment one such sald: 
of the people, must necessarily be "If enthuaiasm in a convention 

a bitter one; there will be the were the measnre of future party 

camp foUowere of the old ma- succeas, the Peoplea' Party, so- 

chînea that hâve for yeara been calied, would hâve a bright out- 

tryiug to catch on to some of the look. The delegates seemed to be 

plums, that will make a deaperate carried away with the idea of 

cry because the "strength" they organizing a new party." 
expected to aid them swings away They hâve so la.t. lè-îwiyïi. ■v^pwî__^ 

and they see their years of ho\ïe ptoçb.ete. "VÀyCve ïi*„\Mvi!C\crev -ûsa*' 




bepaidtotheirfurtherutterances; others, whether it so résulta di- 
the movement has muscle, brain rectly or indirectly, whether in- 
and backbone and there is no bet- tendedornot. If the prosperity of 
ter évidence of this needed than one man increases the dégradation 
the way it is driving its dual of another, we would be right in 
enemy under one cover; soonthey preventing it. If every person 
will be compelled to unité their working for wages in the United 
servile foUowing in every city, States had their wages doubled on 
town and hamlet, as they hâve the first of July next, would they 
now in some places, and the battle be better or worse off than at pres- 
will be — The People vs. the Démo- ent. If one-tenth only of the wage 

repubs. working person s had their wages 

doubled at that time would it in- 

PROSPERITY AND WAGES. dicate an increased prosperity of 
the nation, and would the other 

Can the prosperity of a nation nine-tenths f ailing to get the ad- 
be estimated by the income of any vance be justified in trying to 
one class? Can prosperity be es- hâve the tenth reduced? The 
timated by the amount of wages questions put thus, brings it more 
received, are questions that ought plain bef ore us, If the amount of 
to hâve more than passing consid- wages received is the ail important 
eration. Most labor organizàtions f actor, they certainly would be 
are carrying on their opérations as doubly better oflF than to-day. 
if the question had but an affirm- But, what eflPect would this hâve 
ative answer, and by more thor- on the amount the wage earner 
ough investigation of the question, would be obliged to spend, the 
it might be developed to the satis- percentage charged by the middle- 
f action and well being of more that men remaining the same? Would 
they are wasting time and energy they not be worse oflp by just the 
in a direction that profits little and amount of that percentage ? 
of very small importance in plac- Would not the cost of everything 
ing mankind where they really be doubled and the profit percent- 
ought to be and that the amount âge of the middle men be charged 
of cash received as wages never on double the amount? The wage- 
did demonstrate the degree of earner, the capitalist or -manufac- 
prosperity of a people. Though it turer and the distributers would 
may increase the amount of energy remain in the same relative posi- 
incidentally expended in other di- tions, with the wage-earner a notch 
rections, that would prove of some worse off. This demonstrates, 
real and lasting benefit. Simply therefore, that there is nothing to 
because it has been customary to be gained by agitating simply 
believe that more wages means for more wages for ail. If a part 
more of the necessities and luxur- gets an increase in wages, that 
ies of life does not necessarily increase would be charged to ail 
make it true. Many ideas hâve the rest who consume the produce 
held sway for centuries as undis- of their labor. 
putable truths that hâve been The candlestick makers get an 
demonstrated as f aise. increase in wages, and ail who use 

The question mustbeconsidered candlesticks must pay more for 
f rom the standpoint of mankind them, it is therefore necessary for 
as a whole or at least a nation of ail others to get more wages to 
people. We do a very unchristian equalize it, thus the cost of shoes, 
act if a class be made comparative- etc., ad infinitum, to the candle- 
}y prospérons to the loss oi it to stick maker is increased, and he 


could lay no more away for a sents a loes to others, and every 

I rainy day thaii before, or add to poiut made to gain vantage ground 

lis Btandftrd of living. If those as a wage-eamer, is against a fel- 

I others, from combinatîons of cir- low wage-eariier. It is dog eat, are unable to get dog. The capitalist or distribn- 

i more wagee, then they are woree tors are not reached at ail ouly by 

I off by the amount of iucreased eost the iiicreaee cost of what they con- 

; o£ candiesticks, and an inerease Bunie, which they hâve plenty of 

I failîng them their next course for ways to provide against, if any- 

I relief is to try to get the candie- tliing, as a whole, the changes are 

J stick makere reduced, which would to their advantage. No wonder 

l'be a mean thing to do, but was it that organizations thatsimplycon- 

1 not also a mean thing for the can- sider wages and the tactics of how 

1 dlestiek makers to get their wages to get and retain more, they com- 

I raised at the expense of others, placently consider as "ail rigUt," 

I and as long as one considéra self, and should be encouraged. In- 

I must not others, or perish for stead of brotherhoods they know 

I want? With wagee as the basis they are canibalistic associations, 

[for opération is not one class of their inerease feed coming from 

I workmen naturally to be opposed among themselves or their unor- 

I to the inerease toanother? ganized fellow men, whether they 

I If the candlestick makers, in- realize it or not, the employer still 

' Btead of having their wages in- remains in command. 

creased, had concluded that if they There is aomething wrong we ail 

could not get the tailors and shoe- know, when men willing to work 

makere reduced, it would prove of starve in a land of plenty. If reg- 

equivilant benefit to them as their ulating wagea will not improve it, 

wages would go thatmuchfurther, something else must be sought. 

andsucceed, not only would the I* may be that we must attack 

candlestick makers be benefitted, something that has been taught us 

but ail others but the tailors and from childhood, aa the height of 

shoemakers. That act would be wisdom and truth, and onr fathers 

mean to the tailors and shoemak- before us, which weareloathto do, 

ers, but would be kiud to the rest still should auythiug stand in the 

of humanity. The candlestick way of the betterment of man'? 

makers learn that their vantage in The questions we hâve asked, 

dictating terms to the whole peo- each man should strive to answer 

pie hasbeeninnothavingtoomany for himaelf, as well as everyother 

candlestick makere, hence they économie question, or that might 

allow no others to team the trade throw light on enconomic ques- 

thus driving the young men grow- tions, and not accept without 

ing.iutoother occupations, to their investigation the answers of auy- 

detriment, making it that much one else. 

easier for the candlestick maker to Morris Ross, of Indianapolis, in 
dictate terma, every point of vaut- a récent address before the Cen- 
âge to them makes a loseto others. tral labor union of that city, eaid: 
If ail the others then j'oined and "Organized labor can save a little 
destroyed their power, thev would encroachment on wi^eshereand there. 
be benefitting themselves. ?«™L'*^Î ^^^f are only relative; 

T,, ° .. , , ., traps to catch gulla with, and organ- 

ihe wage question stands then: ized labor waatetime if it conceroB iU 
If ail reçoive proportionate in- self oaly withthem. It ÎBlikesttacking 
crease, if anything résulta, ail are •** AHantio océan with a m'i^. ■S.<si 
wor,e off th.n before. If a few S^-^^à^^Slt S^i'jJJi 
get amncrense, theiT gain xepte- pToJlUoJUibOTo»'«i6Ui*witi<»,wo.i. 


the workmanPs righta. Wages are mère reason why the Union Pacific em- 
necessity; the fuel and oil and gearing ployes favor its présent manage- 

m^m^^m!re S<Mtntl^^oonrâ ?»«-*• . T^e chances are against its 

of production, then it is ail he ought to being improved, especially by one 

hâve. He is so classed under the that would depreciate by f aise rep- 

modem industrial svstem, and that is resentation the character of its 

allhe gets. But if the workman is ^^^^^^i. ,^«^„^^r*,^,.f 4^ r^-nA^r* +i-w 

fle8handbloodandasoulbe8ides,with P^-^sent management m order to 

right to labor to live, and not to live to gain the appointment. 

labor, then the profits of production But, perhaps our ideas of what 

are his as well as the capitalisas. Thev "pays" was not in the maudling 

are entitled to share anà share, accord- ^^^^ ^ j^ printed contem- 

mg to their importance m production. "^^"^ ^^ ^±", f^»^^ ^j-x^h^^vx v. ^ 

It is forever wrong and fafee that la- porary. His ideas are evidently 

bor's only reward is wages." regulated entirely on a cash basis, 

m^^^^^^^m;^^;^^^^ and incapable of understanding how 

anyone can estimate value by oth- 

YES, IT PA YS. ^j. means. His reply to Dr. Pfeiff- 

^, ,.^ ^ , ,, ^ ^ er when the latter refused to give 

Theeditorof the Union Pacific Em- ,„ „ ,t-ûo^o onKa^i.îr%+ir.n fr. fVi^ 

PLOYES' Magazine seems to take a ^P .,^ y®^^^ subscnption to the 

great interest in Dr. Pfeiflfer. Perhaps Railway Blackmailer, mdicates 

it -paya,— Railway News Reporter, what his idea of "what pays" is. 

Yes, it pays. It pays to take an He said "It might be that in 

interest in any man that does what time it will pay y ou well. to hâve 

is right. It pays to défend him your name on our list, even if you 

from the, blackmailing efforts of do not read the paper." Butthere 

his enemies. It pays to let the is no question over what its "pol- 

world know that the efforts of icy" is, the most casual reader 

honest, conscientious men are ap- would be convinced of that, but he 

preciated. It créâtes an incentive evidently f ears that someone 

for others. It makes the world might want to steal his "honors" 

better. It pays an organization of for he says: 

men, united to défend their mu- "We hâve repeatedly asserted that 

tuai interests from injustice and wedej^ndon no one for the policy 

inf ringement by others, to com- ^^^ïl® . ^ ",^' , . , . . 

mend those who deal with them ^hat a slur on mankmd is m- 
fairly, who hâve made the most of tended, yet how gracions torelieve 

their opportunities, to promote ^?,^. * ^^^ ^^^ ^^^^^1 ^* \^^^^ .^^- 
their interests and welfare. It wittmglychargedwithsuch policy, 

pays to show to the world that they -^^^ ^^^^^ Oeasar! 

know when to commend as well as ,. "^^^1^5® '® ^ f ""^i® '^^''- '"^ ^"^l T" 
^ A ^ T^ i. 1. • tion of the greatandgrowingwestwho 

condemn. It pays to be consis- believes he can dictate to U8%e should 
an t. try and see how greatly mistaken he 

The improvements that hâve hasbeen." 
taken place in the Union Pacific If there is a man any where that 
Hospital Department since 1884, would try to dictate to a self indi- 
wheii Dr. O. J. Pf eiffer took charge, cating ass, he should be retained 
offers reason enough for his com- as a freak In a dime muséum, 
mendation. It is a monument to his A change in management of a 
skill and work. There is no man railroad as well as changes in pol- 
in the employ of the Union Paci- itics, hâve often uuseated a wor- 
fic since prior to July 1884 but thy man, and Dr. Pf eiffer may be 
what is cognizant of that. Com- one of them, if so the employés 
pare the Union Pacific's with the will sustain a loss, and it makes 
hospital department of any other his défense none the less worthy. 
md and it will show sufficient The BlackTïia.\W m\\TXia\,fe^ Wi^^ 


1^ di 



the employés at Omaha andCouu- the personality uf tlie mpmbership 
cil Bluffs who hâve passed résolu- as a whole, aiid we kuow what it ia 
tions favoring Dr. Pfeiffer, either possible for them to accompîish, 
did uothing of the kind, or did not while that personality remaiiis un- 
know what they were talking ahout. chaiiged. 

Does the Blackmailer? It inti- If they hâve accompHshed noth- 
matea that Conductor Douglass, ing itia self évident that they will 
who knowH that his life was saved not uiitîl their fharaeter changée, 
by Dr. Pfeiiïer's akill, ia an ass Figs cannot ha pincked from this- 
because he has the manhood to tles. ^^ 

acknowledge hîaindebteduesseven ' '■ ^^Ê 

ï- ^î î^^v^ ,"-'^''? "l"* °^ ,^'^ SCIENIIFIC AND PRACTiCAL ^| 

frienda ( /} — friends that proba- KNOWLEDGE.- ^^| 

bly would hâve preferred to hsve ' ^^ 

seen him die that they could make Some one haa truthfully said that ail 
good their assertion that he was knowledge is comprised in two claaHfis. 
neglected by l)r. Pfeiffer. It in- The flret is that effect of mind whieh îa 
dicates that it was not Ûouglaas the reeult of curiosity, that epeeiea of 
they considered or was ansious human instinct that prompte us to m- 
abont, nor the Blackmaîler's ans- quire the reaaon for every thing we 
iety for the welfare of employés see, every action which takee place 
that caused him to attack Dr. among othera, among ail livîng being, 
Pfeiffer. among the éléments and among the cel- 

eetial bodies, Mankind being endowed 

"^ ' with reaaon, the next iilipulae le to ap- 

Governmenta muât be framed ply tbe knowledge eo gained to eome 
for mail, as he is. and not as be uBeful purpoee, to produce aome bene- 
would be, if he were free from fitto oureelves. The flrat of thèse two 
vice, or as our idéal plana would classes is called "scientific investiga- 
have him to be. Ail changes in tion," the second ia called "applied 
govemments, and ail proposed science," For instance, we notice for 
reforms must hâve their founda- the flrsttime a light from whieh sraoke 
tions laid in mau. They muet be ariaee, we investigate, we perceive 
improved in accord with the cou- heat, and that it produeea a disagree- 
templated improvemente lu the able sensation. Theee are thé firat sci- 
govemment. Ail govemments re- entiflc focts. We apply the knowledge 
flect the character, as a whole, of so gained by resolving never to tJauch 
the govemed. The character of flre. Thisis applied science. We hâve 
the governmeut being known, tbe employed curioaity to flnd out the faeta. 
character of the govemed is known. We now eraploy caution to goard our- 
Knowing the character of a people, selvea againat damage, and we deter- 
we will hâve a f air idea of the gov- mine never to touch flre. Ali knowl- 
emment they will eatabliah aud edge so gained ie by thia process. We 
maiutain. may be t«ld a thousand times that tire 

The truth appliee efjaally to the will bum, but we feel that that is only 
efforta of orgai'ized labor. Ail theory. We want facte, and we obtain 
permanent good they eau poasibly them by a courae of scientific inveati- 
accomplieh, must hâve its founda- gation. We use theae facte and thus 
tion laid first in the individnal gain expérience, knowledge, at flrat 
membor. Then organizations are Bcientjflc,nextpractical; and thèse two 
but as a unit in society at large, eonditions make up the eum of ail 
without effectiug which they can knowledge. Science is the foundatioo, 
do nothing that will prove of any practice the anperstructnra-— Scûsoi.^'i»» 
lasting or real beuefit. Knowing Aiiiericttu. i^m 




THE SOVEREIGNITY OF THE CITIZEN, people, for the people every citizen ia, 
by right, a, mler, sucfa is a government 

AnucidriMiBripUveredBtanopennieel.ingof L.A. Of SOVcreigUB. If one iS not, it ia be- 

nîin. K. ot L., DBEïBr, M;iï 13, iMsi, cauBe he iB deprived of hia righte or ia 

Me. Chaibman; ig-norant of themor throws them away 

Our qoestâon for discuBsion— How for a mess of potage. The flrst cause 
can the citizen be brought to a seiue of needs less attention than tbs last two, 
hifl sovepeignty?— to my mind ia one theymaltetheflrHtpoBeiblB.To thèse we 
of the moat viCal import:a,ace to the fa- cao lay ail our troubles ae a nation, 
ture of the libertiea of mankind. Ail and the limiCed Buccess, as ho fkr aeen, 
the shortcomingBand the inconsistan- of démocratie inetitutiona. 
cies ahown in our government points The présent stage of civil liberty has 
to the fact cf the existance of groaa ig- only been reached afler âges of con- 
norance of a great mass of the citizen flicteof men strïving to establish thoee 
of theirrighta as sovereigna; from no conditions under wiàch they coold es- 
other cause could the abuses and un- ercise their righta as men, usurped by 
démocratie acta Bcen on every hand others, rights that were plainly stated 
hâve occurred. Ithaa been the nulifler in the Déclaration of Independence, 
of the principlee laid down in the and which had been preparing in the i 
Déclaration of Independence and cryB- minds of the people for générations, , 
talized in the constitution. for déclaration. No such conditions, 

Ignorance of their rights as sover- were, however, ever established by the 
eigna is coupled witb ignorance of their création of any constitution, charter or 
duties as sovereigna. There is no right déclaration on any parchment, nor has 
that does not Carry with it a duty, and any liberty remained to be enjoyed be- 
thïB ariaes from Ignorance, for it ap- cause a charter, déclaration or consti- 
pears the moet probable that men tution remained aa évidence of it, such 
would not willftilly injure themeelvea. hâve ever been established by the 
It cornes also from having this sover- united will of men, and remained in 
eignty thruaton them, acquired with- esistance by the same force, if loat be- 
out effort on their part. If the présent canae the wiil power was loat, and the 
génération had been obliged to assert greateat time of danger to established 
their rights by force of arms and the liberty is when the people enjoy it, be- 
spilling of their beat blood, they would ing contented, regard it permanently 
bave known more of ita value, and established, for thatsamespiritthatlîb- 
knowing ita value, would hâve known erty-aeeking men hâve had to contend 
more of their duties as sovereigna, for against, remains to take advantage of 
men reckon values by wh&t they cost. every weak point, it followa man every- 

To bring a citiKen to a sensé of his where. 
aovereignty he muât be brought to a To sustain liberty the forces that ee- 
knowledge of what it means, when he tabliabea it raust propogate itaelf into 
inherita it, to what it has cost his pre- the minda of the rising génération; 
deceasora to be able to bequeath it to thua liberty'a light is ever kept bura- 
him, even in the crude form ityetis in; ing. The noble Sparta mother, in en- 
to réalise wbat the great stateaman and thusing her son with the deeds of valor 
humantarian words meant when he of hisanceatorat Thermopylœ, wasdo- 
said "Etemal vigilance is the price of ing such work. 

liberty." Liberty means sovereiguty A sensé of aovereignty cannot go nn- 
of the individual, he could hâve said, conpled with apatrioticspirit, norneed | 
etemal vigilance ie the price of sover- patriotiam be made to imply national 
eignty. boundriea, though a man that doea his 

A Bovereign is a mler, he must be duty to himaelf and his country is do- 
one capable to ruîe himaelf at least. ing his duty to the world, and I know 
In a government of the people by the of no better way forone to dohisduty. 



Liberty is a word that embracea hu- and truth prevaila among the citizene, 
manity. Liberty tree hae received ite under Bucli metbods, liberty is safe. 
n ourifib ment from ail parts of the globe. A man, therefore, who becomeB acit- 
To who or whatever bas added one jot izea of the nation stânde on tbe plane 
or title to the liberty ofany haman be- of a sovereigu, to be worthy of that 
ing, it matters not where tbey may be- diatinctian, ahonld 
)ocat«d, the heart of the patriot can go only in a way that bis i: 
out to with a joyoua embrace, be it to tatea to bim would be for the beat good 
tbe duaky band in SanDomiago or to of hiraself, hia fellowa and poaterity, 
the bleeding onea at Valley Forge, hia daily acte ehould beaucb aa to com- 
Searee a spot on the globe but what mand the respect of hia fellow aover- 
ha« a place for the patriote love, acarce eigna, and be wbo woald wilfUlly vio- 
a place that a deaire for more liberty late the dutiea hia aovereignty confère 
bae not fired men'a bearta, or where on him should be ao treated by thoee 
mother earth bas not received their with whom he would aaaociate as an 
aacrificea. equal, that he would atand aa an exam- 

Sovereignty is defined as— suprême pie for the rising and future genera- 
in power; anperior to ail othera; inde- tions to avoid. The dutiea of aover- 
pendent of and unlimited by any other; eignty are thua taught, Let each of ua 
posseasing or entitled to original juria- set that esample by showing our acorn 
diction. AU men abouid b^ve original for any one that haa yiolated a trust 
juriadiction over tbeir righta. Undera placed in him, and not as aeen at prea- 
monarch tbe inhftbitanta of a land are eut by beaping on them honora becauee 
the aubjecta of the sovereign; in hia they hâve, by aelling their bonor, 
handa reat« their righta and liberties. gained wealth. 

A récognition of the authority of auch A man, to be brougbt to a senae of 
a aovereign is a récognition of bis bu- bis aovereignty, must be brought to a 
periority. Itia degrading. Ita tend- sensé of hia peraonal worth, tbe degree 
ency iato lesaen aelf respect, and lack of whieh ia regulated only by that 
of selfrespect tends to make a man un- which is worthy within himself, itrests 
respectable; tberefore, the récognition with himself to add or detracC ftora 
of a peraon as one's sovereign fends to that. 

dégrade bumanity by quenehing the It is the duty of tbe nation to eatab- 
flrea of Personal ambition to arise by lish that wbiob will aid the future citi- 
moral and induatrial worth. zen to be able to exercise worthily that 

Human advancea are made only by which the high distinction of citizen- 
additiona to peraonal liberty and tbe ship oonifera on him, therefore every 
establishment of tbe equalityofmen in aid to the éducation of the young 
the exerclae of their natural righte, to should be given. Liberty is guarded 
be able to equally exercise auch rights better that way than by the heavieat 
by eatabliahing that among them that guna or navies. It ia only by int«lli- 
will aid ail to acquire thoae powere — gence that men eau bring reaaon into 
intellectual and pbysical— neceaaary to play tbat ia iiecessary for him to be a 
their maintenance. 8uch is demooracy. fit sovereign, for in a nation of aover- 
On Buch was founded thia nation, to be eigns, the will expressed by the ballot 
a nation ofsovereigns, each with eqaal of the most ignorant, degraded being, 
voice and power in the formation of will ofiset the will of the moat intelli- 
rolea ofgovernment, of their relations gent mind, and safety to démocratie 
to one another, and in the choice of institutions reat in reducingto themin- 
thoae to whom would be delegated the imum the number of the ignorant and 
authority to exécute them, not to ele- degraded, be tbey clothed in broad- 
vate thoBB ao delegated, above the peo- eloth or rags. 

pie, but to make them the temporary A man can be asaiated to a ae-ùs», çR 
servants of the people; when honor hia Bovet6\Ent^ \i'3 trt^oKv-û.'^, -«Nfitâ-fi. 


him an ambition to acquire that which cratic principles must come. Was it 
he does not possess, which of right, he not the design of the platocracy, who 
is entitled to hâve. His ambition hâve avowed that a limited monarchy 
checked as it will most often be, leads would be préférable to a democracy, 
him to discover why it is he is behind that it should hâve th^s efifect thac it 
others. It will bring him to realize might pave the way they propose to 
that he, with many others, hâve, from force things? The Pennsylvania Rail- 
ignorance or natural laziness perhaps, road company, an absolute monarchy 
neglected their duties— duties that up of itself, fumished the means for this 
to this point they perhaps had never outing of the président, 
been acquainted with. The patriots of the first quarter cen- 
Individual dispositions are, in a great tury of our history as a republic were 
measure, inherited. It has been but a right when they directed their right- 
few générations at most since ail inhab- eous condemnations on any one who 
itants of the globe were the subject, not would parade a family crest or coat of 
the sovereign. It was then to the sov- arms or pass through the streets with a 
ereign power that persons look for re- lackey in livery setting on their car- 
lief, on whom they centered their com- riage box, because it represented what 
plaints, and whom they blamed for ail they justly hated, a would be sovereign 
their civil ills. They looked to powers class — aristocracy. They were right, 
outside of themselves, the self assert- not because it would make them less 
ing spirits were quelched wherè possi- démocratie but because of its example 
ble, that they were not ail, is why we on the young, to let such pass unno- 
enj oy as much liberty as we do. This ticed, would imply a récognition of it, 
disposition was of one dependency, one nor would I consider I was a worthy 
that cultivated none of the powers decendant of themifididnotcondemn 
within the man, one of indifférence and the spirit of those who would hippo- 
little calculated to breed the spirit of drome the président around the city 
sovereignty into the masses. It has with six horses, as if his position gave 
been handed down from father to son. him extra weight. How the spirit of 
Any observingperson can discover it democracy has degenerated! Well, 
on every hand, it is seen in the grovel- need we cry "How can the citizen be 
ing disposition shown by some when brought to a sensé of his sovereignty?" 
the boss appears. It was seen on the Does not the future of liberty dépend 
streets of Denver yesterday when the on it? Without liberty, what is life? 
supposed servant of a democracy was We aid the object sought by teaching 
given the adulations of a king. It is every man what his power as an indi- 
but the legitimate offspring of that vidual is, and how he can increase it 
monarchie spirit which monarchs so by firing him with zeal for truth justice 
désire to cultivate, that echoes in the and right, and that no matter how 
words **long live the king," when they humble his actual station may be, he is 
passed the populace. It is against this an influence for good or bad in the des- 
that démocratie principles must strug- tinies of our nation. Teach him that 
gle. The true sovereign can ill afford it is his duty to help make the laws, and 
to lower his dignity thus; words can- then his duty to abide by and aid the 
not express my condemnation for the en forcement of them, and as an organ- 
degraded, contemptable spirit citizens ization to those ends, we are striving, 
of this great republic hâve thus shown; and every man will be a sovereign 
any thing but a sensé of sovereignty is when our ôrst principle is established, 
being cultivated by it. Instead of and industrial and moral worth meas- 
bringing men to it, it is driving them ures the standard of individuals and 
from it and worse yet is its example to nations. J. N. C. 
the children into whose hands the des- - 
tinies ofthe nation, Jiberty and demp- "There is no form to truth." 


UNITY IN UNIUN. Thisyeorthecoal minera werechosen 

, , „ , to toake the flgnt, but, aa the men in 

Howc.n»eun,teoiidbe.ucceiiÊiW7 a, „„k, „g|„„, „„ „„, t,,„, a« 
i.»problemwhlcbha.pre«inledilself j„t„,M«ï, It wa. decided to make 
totb. marne» for centurie.. Evernno. jhal loeality lie baltle ground. What 
the day. of Chrl.t a true doe- ^^^ „,^„ „,„ ^^^„ ,,, ,^„ 4,„,,4 

Irlne haa been taught m ail cmbaed ^ ,^^ j„,„cia| ,„pport promi.ed by 
oountrle.. But h», it been foUowed by „,,g>„,„„„„ n.t now ofl.OOO,. 
thoMloudeatm .te! Ha. man ^„ „.„,„„ ,, ,„, forthcondng. It, II not, h„ been .ald by Ibe advoeate.oftrade 
whjnot? Tbeonly imiran v,.,bl. to „„,„„, n„ . arpenter could bandle 
tiehuman mlnd .. man'. inbumamty hl, own «ffalr. better thau a .hoemak- 
toman, orinotberword.,i».n',.vai- ^^ i bel'evo » carpentor can build a 
idon. groed tor wealth. -Do unto ^^^ ^^,^^,j^__ ^ ^^^^^^^^^^ 3^,1^ 
other. a. you would hav. otber, do un- neoarpenter wanted a law enioted to 
toyou" 1. a commnndrromtbe Creator e„,|,,, j,„ „ „„j„, f,,, „.jg^ ,„ 
oftheuniverfie. But Ibe prêtent gen- i,„||,u„g a, houœ, he wUl «ud tho 
eration ha. transposed it and made it .hoemaker a ueeful ally, 
to .dit thelr whhe. nntil it now tend., ,.j^ ^^^^ divlded again.t itaelf ahall 
"Do other. bofore they get a chance to ,^„ „ „,j „ ^„, ,j, g^, fédération 

ooyou._ .L !.. t e of tradea and other trade union, whoae 

Glancing bnefly over the hlatory of u- . ■ . i. ai i l ■ 

,. . .. . ii,i,.j- onlyobeeti. to benent cla.. by in- 

lahor organizationa frora the beglnning ' . , j ^ . - .,_ 

,^L , . , ,r' the pay and .borteiung the 

of the preeent century up to the year l 
1869, when the K. of L. wa. oahered In- ""■ ., .i i i, -u v 

,',,_ ,_ , ajifa man wished to bnud a honee, he 

to the labor arona, where do we flnd .-,,,- .,, ^ j 

■ - .1. woHld certamly begin on the founda- 

an orgamzation that obey. the com- . ^ ..,.,.,.11. 

30 r. , ^ tT r tion and not the roof A short time 

mand ofour Creator? Ha. any one of ^ ^ ^ ^ 

., . j IL . . . i - ago a bakei. union preaented an agree- 

them ever aaid that an injury to one la ^ . , .^ . v. Il .; 

^ lin ir u . .L ment to the boM bakera, requeating — 

a concern of ail? If .nch la the caae, . . ^. .^ . . ?. 

, . „ , n .] .* ye., mffl.ting that only one apprentico 

who can tell UB where we can find it, f ' ° f ^^ 

, -L p j r n. . be allowed to every eight raen, and as 

or who waa the founder of the organi- ^ * v . .v .. 

. . „ there waa bnt one ahop in the city em- 

'"previon. to tho organlzatlon of the PloylnS «hat number, oonwiquently 

K. of L., the labor union, ofthe world there would only be one apprentlce in 

bad no other ohject in vlew than to the clty where there were eighty baker. 

lnorea.ethepayand.hortentbehour. «mployed. The question now arl«», 

oftoil. Thl. object they valnly tried where would the boaa baker. get more 

to accompUah by atriking, and thl. ■"•» >" «^ "•" bu.lne.. requlied it? 

wime8tuporl..tiIladvocatedby .orne Did tho«î baker. never expect to quit 

ofthe «j.called labor leader, of tho « «'«' K i« rea.onablo to .nppoœ a. 

présent d.y who go abont tho "« "W B'"™ «•"• »'" >>■ ■"> >"" 

country proaching thl. prepo.terou, erea.ed demand for hread, and yet the 

doctrine, advlalng men to do aome. >>aker. union want. the hour. reduced 

thing that they never can accompUah. ""«l «""ï one apprentlce to elght bak- 

"We ncTcr can accompUah anything •"■ "'" ^'' "« "»'" »' •'= y"'» 

by legialatlon," .ay. the mouth-plece men who want to be bakora, but aille, 

ofthe American fédération. "Strikea of the enemy? 

are our only roort. La.1 year the car- AS»'» «» '«"« "' ">• «'«n'en "° 

penter. made a atand for elght honra, «>me road. entorlng Into an agreement 

and the world know. how they .uc- «"l ">• comp.ny, wherobv the com- 

ceeded. Some of tbem are atlU looklng pany agrée, to hire four Bremen to on. 

for work, and the Bnanclal .npport of promoted h> ilrmg, and at tho mme 

»60,1)00 1. yet to come, and I holievo tlme aakhig the comp.ny to çiow^» 

wlli ever bo ao. flïetuîin îor e-jeT-j e,Tiiga««t\OTWi.^o'« 



the question again arises where are the enough to pursue some imaginary 
firemen to corne f^om in the ftiture if phantom or vain ambition for self ag- 
the same is persued the country over? grandizement. 

I believe ail men hâve some ambition, Knights of Labor from Kansas City 
and surely the foreman has. They do to Portland, be on your guard; let no 
not expect to continue ôring as long as traitor lead you estray. Seek not a 
they live. Then why seek to create a worn-out theory. Trust it not; it will 
monopoly of their occupation, which prove a snare to your feet. Suffer not 
is unjust to their fellow men and em- yourselves to be betrayed by a kiss. 
ployer as well. Fédération is hinted at by those seek- 

Craft Pride will not always last, for ing famé for themselves, but such a 
'*he that exalteth himself shall be hum- move, in my opinion, would be a step 
bled, and he that humbleth himself backward, and not a progressive one. 
shall be exhalted." He that wojald The question now arises, what would 
see his fellow man suflfër when it is we federate with? Is it with those who 
within his power to assist him, isanin- hâve proven false? Far from it. Fool 
human wretch, and he is none the less me once, shame on you; fool me twice, 
inhuman who wouid endeavor to pre- shame or. me. For seven years the K. 
vent his fellow man from being his ofL. ha vo oen looked to for assistance 
equal. Imagine a drowning man' and we! i ;» le are they to give an ac- 
grasping at a straw that saved your count of ti.oir stewardship; / yes, and 
life, and you determined to wrench it each loyal Knight can point with pride 
from his grasp. It is human nature to the good work he has helped to ac- 
for a man to try to better his condition complish, and say to his fellow-man 
in life, and the man that attempts to I worked for your wellfare as well as 
prevent his fellow-man from doing so, my own. 

must abide by the inévitable. Trade- It is true we hâve made mistakes in 
unions were good enough in the mid- the past, but we would be blind to our 
die âges, but in this enlightened âge, own interests should we fail to be ben- 
their teachings are false. People must efitted by them in the future. We are 
leam, if they wish to elevate them- not so childish as to pick up old wom- 
selves, and to be successful they must out théories. 

endeavor to elevate those around them. AU who hâve a spark of christian- 
The days of aristocracy are drawn to ity lefb within them, should extend a 
a close, and likewise those who hâve helping hand to tho6e who seek to ele- 
any désire or tendency to create it. vate ail mankind alike, and does not 

Let the men employed on the U. P. pander to any crafb or creed. 
go back with me for a few years, and I What or£:anization save the K. of L., 
am satisfied that I can convince the that teaches this doctrine? Build a 
most skeptical that what I hâve said is Chinese wall around your crafb, and 
only too true. Less than twenty years you will be the same as the heathen 
ago trade unions were the order of the Chinese. 

day on this road, and what did they Nature has more laws than one, and 
accomplish? Actually nothing; so say ail of them must be obeyed in order 
the oldest men on the road, and now that every one can hâve an equal share 
they are forgotten or only remembered of labor* s product. 
for their uselessness. Let us maintain an organization as 

The K. of L. at length made their ap- it is, a union of men. Let there be no 
pearance upon the scène, and banded laggards in the race, nor no loitering 
the men into one brotherhood and along the wayside, and each one try to 
forged the scattered fragments into be first in the work, for we hâve nouse 
bands of iron and brass which yet for drones who would be benefited 
remains unbroken and willever remain with out laboring for his eomforts. Our 
so unless men are stupid and blind organization knows no backward step, 


and will not ta3ie one. Our motto to be inconvénient, but aleo, and to a. 
Bball ever be onward and upward. far greater extent, in matters wilh 
Not for any creed or clasB, not for any which the lawB do not présume todeal-, 
craft or trade, not for any color, but in the sphère of morals, aa distin- 
for ail humanity. guished from that of legality. Very 
Our banner floats proudly on high, many peraona havingsufficientpatriot- 
unetained and unfurled, and bidaajoy- iam not to violate a positive law, do 
' not heaitate to be thoroughly and sya- 
I tematically luipatriotic in mattera be- 
time or place, and tlie man or set of yond the reach of sucii law. True pa- 
menwho dace to tarniah itabrightfolda triotiem imposea thia aa a dnty upon 
deserves the contempt of a liberty-lov- every citizen: thathe ahall make the 
ingpeople. fundamental principles of bis country'a 
Wli;i>liouia ft (iiffeieuceof bircli institutions determining factors in ail 
Orcreedoreoimtrïmendiïidpî the actions of hÎB life; Ihat he shftU 

Behold tlip flowere nf diB eurtli. neithersay nor do anything contrary 

Man poor and teeble when iiioae, to theeepnnciples, anythmgcalculatecl 

Tiie sport ot eTory pBssiog wiod, to lessou the effectiveness on the life 

la wHT, in trnde, in art, bus Bhuwn, of the nation. How rarely ÎB thia duty 

Hp'Btai-reflUtiB«whBne<,mbm(K]. felt^ even among that minority of our 

B. H. citizene who by edacation are âtted to 

- understand our institutions and their 

OUR SERVILITY. high purposel It îb a pitful fect that 

the ftee spirit of our Déclarations of 

Considering that onr national insti- Independence haa not yet, in any great 
tutions are baaed upon a high humaui- nieasure, entered, as an informing prin- 
tarian idéal, aeemingly calculated to ciple, into the life of our people. While 
inspire an almostreligiouBenthueiasm, profesaedly representing a new epoch 
and that they are the création and pro- in the hietory of human freedom and 
perty of the whole people, we are pre- civilization, we are atiU content to fol- 
pared to flnd them the objecte of the tbought and life, the servile and 
tendereat révérence and soUcitude. aemi-barbaroua ideals of past epochs. 
That, in countries where ail power ia In no one department of ouractivity- 
in the bande of an individual or claas, poli tioa, business, éducation, religion, 
and the body of tlie people are owned art, tbought, or literature haa the 
rather than own, there Bhould be little spirit of American freedom been able 
or none of thia révérence, iB moat to assert itself Thougb we boaat that 
natural; but that there should be any we hâve freed ourselvea firom the 
laokofitamong our people, any tend- tyranniea of Europe, we are still their 
ency to treat the laws with disrespeet, bond alavea in ail aave name. "Cap- 
iaalmost aatoniabing. And yet such tive Greece took captive her rude con- 
disreapectie veiy gênerai, if not in quorer," aaid Horace. So vanqulshed 
worda at least in practiee. Thongh, Europe still rules her vanquieher, 
from tempérament and for material America. Ay, and Europe, with good 
reaaons, Btrongly averse to révolutions, reaaon, deapiaes us for aubmitting to 
we are, aa a people, singularly lacking herrule. 
in patriotiem ofthe right sort, in that « * « 
entbusiaetic loyalty which our country Aristotle long ago made thia wise 
deaervea, and which isoften feltforher obBervation: "Every form of govern- 
matitutione by intelligent foreigners. ment must be matohed by a corres- 
The lack of patriotiam among Amer- pouding éducation; for itis only when 
icana displaye itself, notmerely in dia- the hody ofthe people préserve thoae 
respect for the laws, and in a willing- characteristics which originally deter- 
nesB to break them when they happen mined their form oC e;^"^fet^^.\ùe^-^^. '^x^ax. 


that form can maintain îtself. For Thousands of American young men, 
example the persistence of democracy of fair éducation and excellent possibil- 
depends upon the persistence of the ities, captivated by the pictures of 
démocratie spirit." Now, our govem- English arisocratic life drawn in Eng- 
ment is, in theory and idéal, a démo- lish novels, are leaming to despise the 
cracy, and owes its origin to the dem- simple, rational, useful life of the 
ocratic spirit. If itis to be maintained, worfhy American citizen, and to court 
the démocratie spirit must be carefuUy considération and vulgar popularity 
cultivated, and this can be done only by adopting the habits, and leading the 
by éducation. useless lives, of English lords. As is 
When we use the term "éducation," usual in such cases, the copy is a cari- 
we are apt to think only of that in- cature of the original. The untitled 
struction which is imparted in schools American lord proves usually to be a 
and collèges. But of the éducation vulgar créature, having to assert his 
which préserves a political or social self-conferred lordship by ail that is 
spirit, only a very small portion is most unattractive, most inhumane and 
given or received in such institutions, most un- American — and it is a good 
The main part of it is, at the présent deal — in the English aristocrat. In 
day, derived from reading; and as the England, aristocracy has no need to 
great body of our people read only the display or to obtrude itself; in America 
cheap current literature, that litera- it can exist only by display an(i ob- 
ture must be regarded as the chief trusion. For this reason the American 
agent in the préservation or destruc- would-be nobleman must necessarily 
tion of the démocratie spirit among us, court attention and try to strike the 
and, hence, of our form of govemment. vulgar imagination by the mère acci- 
If the literature which the people hab- dentals of aristocracy, such as any 
itually read be démocratie or indepen- boorish Dives can command— houses, 
dent in tone, the spirit of democracy, horses, tum-outs, yachts, opéra boxes, 
and democracy itself, willbepreserved; and the like. And the vulgar are im- 
not otherwise. Now, the essential ele- pressed by such things,. bow down in 
ments in the démocratie spirit are a servile révérence before them, and do 
willingness to acknowledge and respect their best to make a similar display. 
the dignity of humanity in every If the eflfect of English popular liter- 
human being, an appréciation of ail ature upon the young men of America 
genuine worth, wheresoever and in is injurions, rendering them unpatri- 
whomsoever it may appear, and an ab- otic and contemptible, its effects upon 
horrance of ail social distinctions and the young women is even more so. 
privilèges conferred otherwise than by The extent of this injury it would be 
Personal merit. The démocratie spirit almost impossible to overestimate. 
detests not only the man who exploits For many of them the novel-drawn 
another for his own ends, and the man pictures of English social life, wherein 
who pusillanimously allows himself to every one bowsdown to birth andtitle, 
be Bo exploited, but also the man who and lords and high-born ladies are 
arrogantly claims precedence of, or spoken of as if they were divinities, 
respect from, another on any ground whose récognition and favor were the 
but that of Personal character, and the chief prizes of life, are utterly demor- 
man who servilely admits such claim. alizing; inspiring them with an impa- 
If, then, the true démocratie spirit is tient contempt for the simplicity of 
to be kept alive among our people, it American society, in which personal 
must evidently be embodied in, and worth and charm can make them 
give tone to, that literature by which queens, and with a longing to enter, 
the mass of them are educated and by even as humble suppliant, the en- 
which their political and social lean- chanted circle where birth and title 
ingB are determined. rule, and where personal worth hides 


Pbehind a inask. Wonien thue demor- John Locke argued out, anticipating 
1 Blized become utterly iinfit to be Amer- the Déclaration of Independenee. That 
Plcan wivea and mothers. Their chief famous document when promalgated, 
1 effort iB to shape their livea on tbe startled the world as a colonial detl- 
I ÏInglÎBh model; if they are poor, toady- ance ofa great monarchy; it Btill de- 
f ing to therich andwoulâ-bearistocrat- lights the world ae au aseertion of 
' i; if they are rich, playing the arro- hnmaii polîtical equality and therights 
gant English ducheaa to the beat of ofman, There were a few great men 
their ability. Not a few of them even at that day with Jefferson; amongthese 
render themBcives contemptible to men were Madieon, Monroe and Washing- 
and godB, by toadying or Uoying (at ton; but more notably Thomas Paine 
what a price Bometimeal) their way in- and Henjamin Franklin. Exigencies 
to Eoglieh aristocratie circlee, by abiv- afterward Beemed to elass Washington 
ering attendance for hours at royal re- as a Hamîltonian; but ic muât never be 
oeptionB, in order to do obeisance to forgotten that be had Paine'B maiiifes- 
what their eonntry bas nobly repud- to read at the head of bis army oorpa; 
iat«d; or, worse than ail, by buying and in every act of his peraonaladmin- 
huabands, renouneing their birthright Istering, he was faithful to the princi- 
offreedom and equality with the bes-t, pie of a repnblic. But among thèse 
and sinking down into sibjecte, liabie was not Hamilton. At a New York 
to be oalled on to actas "ladieain wait- dinner, so fatal to many a political 
ing," thatiB, as chambermaida. If ail ambition, he replied to a démocratie 
the sacriflcea whicb degenerate Araeri- sentiment bj' striking his hand on the 
oan fathera and mothers bave made to table and aaying sharply, "Your peo- 
bny titled husbanda fortbeirdaughters pie air— your people ia a great beaal." 
were recorded, they would form a rev- Thia was the sentiment that to aome 
elation ao îgnomioious that it would estent vitalizcd federaliam from the 
not be believed; and, after such a rev-' outaet, and wbiob gïew into a fatal 
elation, patriotic Americans would treason to popular righte, Every pa- 
hardly dare to look foreignera in the per of that party, in 1802, pnblished an 
face. But even without BUcb a révéla- article from Dennie, in which was ae- 
tion the conductof many ofour coun- serted, "A democracy is scaroely toler- 
try wonien abroad, and eapecially in ableat anyperiod of national history. 
England, is enough to make every self- It is on ita trial bere, and the lasne will 
reapecting American hide his head for be civil war, désolation and anarchy. 
sbame.— r/iomoa Davidson in Forum. No wiae man but diBcerns ils imperfec- 
. tions; no good man but Bhuddera at ite 

miseries; no honest man but proclaims 
ite fraud, and no brave man but drawa 
his aword against its forée," Even 
Jeflerson wiia right. Hiselectîonwaa Fîaber Ames wrote, "Our eonntry ia 
a révolution. The war with England too big for union, too sordid for patri- 
waaatrictly for independenee from that ■ otiam; too démocratie for liberty. A 
power; it was not a war in behalf of democracy cannot last. Ita nature or- 
democratic institutiona. To be sure, dains that its nent change aball ba into 
wherever the hand of Jefteraon was a military despotism, as of al! govem- 
8een, there waaanimpliedorexpressed men ts the most proneto ahifl ita head, 
avowal of popular righta. Hamilton and the slowest to mend lia vices." 
revolted against English tyranny; Jef- George Cabot, io 1804, wrote, "We are 
ferson revolteoagainat the principle of démocratie altogether; and 1 hold 
monarchy. The former believed In democracy in its natural opération to 
British institutions aa a model; the lat- be the government oftheworat." The 
ter accepted the principles for wbieh Ohurch of New England diacovered in 
Sidney was executed in 1683, and which due time that a demtKxaE.-s «\& -svc^ 



mean the perpétuation of Oalvinism, fkith in popular govemment, and in 

or the power of a Oalvinistîc ministry. what waa technically termed **the 

The idéal republic of Oalvin waashown rights of man," to sustain the contest 

at Gteneva, when the right of the dergy in a ne w country, when experîment 

waa established to make domiciliary seemed temerity, and safety seemed 

visita by force, and cause the banish- certain only by foUowing in the wake 

ment, or worse punishment, of anyone of older and presumably wiser nations, 

unsound in his faith. The predomi- But beyond this the leaders of republi- 

nance of the clergy fornearly twohun- canism represented two other very un- 

dred years would not naturally be popular ideas. Jefferson stood for free- 

easily yielded. thlnking in religion, and like Frank- 

This was the condition of the two lin and Priestly, for scientific investi- 
parties that divided America; and that gation. Thèse two ideas were at the 
were fated to fight out a principle. On core one and destined to converge, 
the one side was Jefferson, pre-emin- They meant whatever stood for 
ently a man who waa trusted with ail démonstration as against authority. 
the ferver with which he trusted the Of course the first contest must be for 
people. He beleived in the people; the right freely to investigate, that was 
they beleived in him. Neither one science; and afterward freely to con- 
failed the other. On the other side clude and believe, that was religion, 
pre-eminently stood Hamilton, who Science never fails to end in religions 
never trusted the populace, nor be- sentiment. 

lieved in a democracy, but whose bril- There are two épisodes of our earlier 

liant talents and versatility of genius history peculiarly attractive to gênerai 

gave hlm eminence and power. Be- readers. One of them is when Jefifer- 

hind Hamilton waa arrayed for the son came to the help of Hamilton in 

most part the clergy of New England, 1790, in his struggle against disinteg- 

the cable of conservatives, represented /ating influences, and in favor ofacon- 

by Theophilus Parsons and Fisher solidated union. It became, in Hamil- 

Ames; and hère and there others who ton's judgement, a vital matter that 

were either désirons of a stronger gov- the Union should assume the State 

emment, or were not convinced of the debts incurred durin^ the war; but the 

safety of republican institutions. But bill proposing this measure led to the 

for the most part, behind Jefferson, most bitter and angry contest America- 

from the outset, stood Virginia, and had known, either before or after the 

Pennsylvania, and New York, with Union. The^astern States threatened 

such lieutenants as made the présidents disunion and sécession. Hamilton was 

and cabinets for the next twenty years in despair. Jefferson, who had been 

after the success of their struggle. The appointed Secretary of State, just then 

élection of Washington meant neither reached Philadelphia. Hamilton met 

federalism nor democracy. It was the him in the street and made a frank ap- 

living thrill of a grateful people, try- peal for help. They walked for hours 

ing to make itself happy by honoring and discussed the question. The South- 

the man whom the gods made for their ern States opposed assumption. The 

salvation. Adams folowed in his wake, eastem States were for the measure. 

a godd man and a patriot, but who Jefferson was convinced by Hamilton 

could never for give his predecessor for that the measure was wise; and the 

belng a greater man than himself, or first danger of sécession was passed. 

his successor for believing that he was. The second épisode was equally pic- 

The grandeur of the conflict is turesque, and about equally commend- 

heightened by the fact that the excesses able. When thetie occurred between 

and final coUapse of the French Revo- Burr and Jefferson, and the fedalists 

lution had left democracy under a ter- were determined, at ail hazzards, to 

rible cloud. It undid the strongest unhorse the great leader of democracy, 


Hamîlton watehed the state of affaire he would "erect acolumnon thesouth- 
like a etateemaii and patriot. Perhap>s ernmoBt limit of ttiat island, and in- 
he had not forgotten that Jefferaonhad ecribe on ît ne plus ultra. We ehall 
alao oome to hia rescue in a erisia. He then hâve only to include the North in 
said, "If there is a man in the world our Union, and we shall hâve euch an 
that I onght to hâte, it ia Jefferson; but empire for liberty as she has never aur- 
the public good muBt be paramount to veyed elnce the création; and lamper- 
every private considération." Burr Buaded that no conatitution waa ever 
he deelared to be bad in ail waya, and before eo well caloulated ae ours for ex- 
totally unfit. He urged the federaliata itensive empire and aelf-government." 
not to commit the fatal crime of elect- The dreamer was alao the prime ful- 
ing Burr. The resuit was that the rep- HUer. Hamilton waa a man of preciae- 
resentativea of New Hampshire and ly oppoaite character. He was pre- 
Maryland abatained from voting; and eminently praetical as a financier and 
Jefferaon became président. Neither an executive. He waa incapable ofbe- 
of theeeepisodea waeaccompanied with iug a philanthropist or prophet. At 
diahonorable political trading, al- the preaent day he woald makea mag- 
though in the firat instance Hamilton's nitlcent political leader. He was a be- 
frienda gracefnlly waived tbeir désire liever in govemment and not a be- 
to locate the capital on the Suaquehan- liever in men. Waahington's nature 
na; and in tbe latt«r case Jefferaon as- waa a compromise of the two. Lincoln 
aured the Pederalista tbathemeditated waa a later édition from the Washing- 
no political revengea, and should in- ton type. Hamilton waa in no senae 
dulge in none. The fact ia tbat even original; he believed in Erglishhistory 
party rancor conld not blind men to and inatitutions; and, with the ability 
the Tact that the great republican was of a Pitt, he worked ont our flrat prob- 
a man who could be trusted to do what lema of fédéral unity and fluancial 
he belle ved to be right The people aoundneaa. Hehad no hésitation about 
inatinctively felt that Jefi'erson wae purchasing votes, and adopting the 
honeat and genuine; and it wae nataral gênerai political machinery of tbe 
that, with the overthrow of the feder- Georges. Jefferson held him to be a 
aliat leadera, the bulk of the popolace cormptor. "Hia objecta" aaid the lat- , 
gradually went over to democracy. ter, "is to draw ail the powera of gov- 
The révolution was accomphshed. ernment into tbe handa of the gênerai 
The United Statea from thathouratood législature, to eatablish means for cor- 
as tbe govemment of the people by the ruptingasufficient corpstodividehon- 
people. Republicanism was to hâve a eat votea, for the purpose of aubverting 
trial. The question whetber the peo- atep by step, the principlea of the Cou- 
ple could be trusted wae to be settled atitution, which he has deelared to be 
by themaeives. America was not only a thing of nothing that must be 
free from England, an independent changed." 

power, but it wae a démocratie repub- Beaidcs the open avowai of Hamilton 

lie. Jefferson had never apparently that he preferred a presidential life- 

waver«d in hie faith in the common tenu that could be shortened only by 

people. He waa atigmatized as a impeachment, we muet remember the 

dreamer; but hia dreams came true, court style of both Waahington and 

He dreamed out the Déclaration of In- Adame, a style somewhat curtly eut 

dependence; he dreamed the republic, short by Jefferaon, but which no oresi- 

he dreamed the abolition of slavery; dentaince haa dared to résume. But, 

he dreamed the expansion of our boun- overlooking thia, weare compelled to 

dariea to the limite of two oceana, Af- aak to what farther usurpations of 

t«r the Louisiana purchase, and while power would an unchecked party hâve 

Florida was just within our graap, he gone that could p^sa the "Sed\ti.ïya.Ka.S>. 

wrole that after tbe acquisition of Cuba AUen" VavjvÎÏ ^-3 \.N:iiÈ\a.'A.e-s ■<!&«^ -ç-î«^- 



dent wa43 empowered to banish any ALL IN THE SAME BOAT. 

alien who, in his judgment, was a 

dangerous character; by the former Now cornes the cry that farmers and 
any man was subject to punishment laboring men can never unité in one 
who wrote against constituted author- political or industrial organization — 
ity. Matthew Lyon, of Vermont, a for their own common interests, be- 
member of Congress, under this act cause, it is said, their interests are not 
was put in jail for four months, and the same, but are, on the other hand, 
paid a fine of one thousand dollars, for opposite and antagonistic. As well 
writing that Président Adams was a say that a man's two hands cannot' 
"man of unbounded thirst for ridicu- work together for common purposes, 
lous pomp, foolish adulation, and self- because their positions are opposite and 
ish avarice." The people took Lyon labors différent. Each has its own se- 
out of jail and sent him back to Con- cret pocket, into which the other is not 
gress. He had only told the truth. admitted. Each has spécial functions 
Judge Peck, of Central New York, cir- to perform, many of which the other 
culated a pétition for the repeal of those cannot perform. Yet those same two 
infamous laws; and he was arrested hands find, in practice, that, though 
and carried off to New York City, their interests and labors are not ident- 
where he was indicted; but popular ical, yet they are mutual and co-opera- 
opinion prevented a trial. That the tive. They meet together for common 
struggle was between démocratie and purposes, daily and hourly, and aid 
monocratic tyranny is dear to any ^ach other in the most intimate and 
carefùl reader of events. It was in no necessary duties of life. They wash 
sensé a contest between anarchical ^ach other in the most confidental 
tendenciesandjudiciouscentralization. manner. Both seize the same handle 
Is it any wonder that at this point we of the sledge or ax for a common pur- 
find the one act of Jefferson's which poge; and when the right hand would 
his critics never tire of citing to show handle a hatchet, the left holds the pin 
that he was incapable of constructive to be sharpened, or the nail to be 
work, and would, without the counter- driven. AU day they co-operate and 
poise of Hamilton, hâve wrecked us in ^ork together most effectively for com- 
disunionism? Shocked by the Sédition mon purposes, but when work is done, 
and Alien Acts, Virginia and Kentucky, each rests and récupérâtes in its own 
under the stimulation of Madison and gi^e pocket, Bub-alliance or secret as- 
Jefferson, passed vigorous resolutions sembly, without the merest symptom 
threatening to interpose State author- of iealousy. 

ity. The Virginia resolutions were yet it is upon this alleged jealousy 
threatening in tone; those drafted for and imaginary an tagonism of interests 
Kentucky by Jefferson himself rested that the enemies of labor found their 
on a définition of principles. Of the hopes of di viding and beating the labor 
essentialsoundness of those principles movement which is now everywhere 
thereis no question; but, Uke ail funda- showing its power at the ballot box. 
mental principles, they could be, and it ig claimed that farmers désire to hire 
since that hâve been, carried to false labor as cheaply as possible, while la^ 
extrêmes. *'To what," said Jefferson, boring men désire to get as high wages 
"does ail this lead, but to monarchy?" as possible, and, that therein lies an 
He did not feel nor see that the doc- antagonism of interests which can 
trine of State Rights might also lead, never be overcome. If this near- 
or be made to lead, to another danger, sighted view of the matter covered the 
that of disruption and disintegration. whole case, or even, any considérable 

portion of it, it would hâve weight. 
-By E. P. POWELL, in The Arena. g^^ jj ^^^ ^^t j^ ^jgj^^ ^^^ Setter 

(TOBE CONTINVED,) reason be said that farmers cannot 


unité with each other in fratemal or- shorter houre and better pay withont 

ganiiatione for common purposee, be- raising the freights and farea whiobthe , 

cause oftheir antagonisme and rivalry fermera and publio must pay. Thua, " 

in Bupplying the same raarkets with the corporations hâve drawn a pictnre 

' the Bame goods. of an îrrppreenible conflict, with the 

* * * How foolieh and abaure it îb public includiog the farmera, on one 
to eay tbat raen who are the customers aide and their employés on the other. 
ofeach other, and inno trueorgeneral They would hâve us believe that the 
aense rivais or antagonieta cannot co- fermera and the public are engaged in 
operate for their mutualbeneflt. Farnn- a war of oppresaion oo the mon who 
ère hire a few men on the farms; but opérât* the raiiroads, and that thiawar 
for every man hired in the farraa, there is mercilesa and endlees. 80 earncat 
are thousands of mon, women andchil- and persistent are the corporations in 
dren hired in the mines, faetories and puahing this view of the caae that they 
shopa, on the railroad, and in the great bave commenced organlzing their men 
citîeaat divers occupationa, ail clamor- into "Clubs," with regular organs to 
ing for better wagea, that they may be- resist the growing nnity and power of 
come greater conaumers of farm pro- the "farmera' and people'a move- 
ducts. A hundred tbousand men, more ment." During tlie session of the Kan- 
or lésa, are employed on and about the eus législature last winter, men caUing 
raiiroada of the country. Every one themaelves railroad engineera met aev- 
of them and their famiHes, of suoh aa eral times with the législative commit- 
have familles, are cuatamers and con- t«e and used their influence to prevent 
sumers of farm produota, in proportion any and ail reform in railroad legisla- 
to the means they bave toapendin that tion. They boldly claimed that any 
line. The ofBcial labor reporta abow lighteningof public burdens, in theline 
that a million men, representing, per- of railroad charges, woold betakenout 
haps, three million ofpeople, are idle; oftheir wages, and cited caaes in lowa 
unable to earn wagea through want of to prove their statemente. It waa re- 
employment, they pay for nothing, plied to them that the corporations 
while they Buffer and drift into crime ïiave abundant margioa, under juat 
on their way te the grave. management, to pay their men better 

* * * It la claimed by the railroaji wagea for shorter houra, while at tJie 
corporations that fermera, on one aide, aame time. granting ail the easement 
and railroad employée on the other, that the fermers are asking. 

hâve antagoniama toward each other, Thia view aeemed new to the engin- 
which can never be reeonciled. They eers. They apparantlj had not 
State that the farmera désire lower ferea thought of more than tv. o parties in 
and fteighte on the raiiroada, while the in the caae. The more important and 
men operating the roada aa employés dangeroua part j ■nhich haa been pock- 
are demanding higher wagea an-d eting ita thouaands, milliona and hun- 
Bhorter hours. Thèse demand, it îs dreds of milliona, while the farmera 
claimed by tbe corporations, are, on and railroad workers hâve been grab- 
each side, earnest and persistent, and, bing and quarreling over pennies, were 
at tbe aame time, are incompatible, by thèse "railroad club men," left en- 
There is enough of truth in thia claim tirely out of the account. No problem 
to give it a show of plausibility. Un- can be properly and truthftilly solved 
der normal circumatances, it would be unlesa ail the faetors in the caae are 
serioua provided it did not entirelydis- duly considered. In thia caae we hav© 
appear. It is claimed that lower rates tha corporations who manage the roada, 
I cannot be permitted on the railroad the workingmen who operate them, 

without lowering the wages of the em- and, the farmera nnd gênerai public 
ployes on the road. On the other hand who patroniM them. T\\e> cjsvçssïï-- 


with little noise or friction. They lay LEGAL DEPARTMENT. 

their plans carefùlly and secretly, and '_ 

they carry them ont with certainty and 

conscienceless précision. Th^s rule is modified in certain cases. 

^^^_,„^,^__^,^ Where the rule requires the employa 

kâ . i^.^.r^ .^.r> n--.. »-»..... ««.«.. *o waive certain rights which are net 
MAKING AND TEMPERING SPIRAL connected with hisdutyas an employé, 

SPRINGS. then, in accordance with the authori- 
ties he would not be bound, although 

When the steel spiral springof an in- he has knowledge of it, unless he has 
strument gets broken, itis much more expressly agreed thereto. In this case 
satisfactory to make one than to send the last clause of the rule is: "AU offl- 
the instrument off, and be without it cers employing men to work for this 
for a week or more. company will hâve thèse conditions 

To make them use the best spring dîstinctly understood and agreed to by 
steel wire; sélect a smooth iron rod the each employé befcrre he enters the ser- 
size of the spring to be made; carefuUy vice of the c(ympany,^^ Plaintiflfs atten- 
draw the temper from the wire; fasten tion was not called to this spécifie rule. 
the rod and one end of the wire in a Nothing was said to him about it, 
benchvise. Now wind the wire evenly **therefore," said the court, **he could 
and closely around the rod, untU you not hâve distinctly understood and 
get the length of the wire required for agreed'* to it. The fact that he kept 
the spring. Take the rod ont of the the rules in his possession, and re- 
vise; fasten one end of the spring to mained in the service of the company, 
the rod; taking hold of the other end, would not bar his right to recover, un- 
draw it along the rod until the spirals less he expressly agreed to that partie- 
are the correct distance apart. Togive ularrule, which rule in itself requires 
the amountof spring wanted, fasten it that the employé shall distinctly un- 
firmly to the rod, then make the spring derstand and agrée to it. 
and rod red hot, and quickly plunge mastbr and Servant-Personal 
them into cold water. Afber drying, Injuries— Liability dp Company for 
rub them ail over carefuUy with oil, Négligence of Conductor-Fellow 
and move them about in the flame of a servant. Where the law (civil code 
lamp until the oil takes fire, which wiU Q^lf. see 1970.) provides that an em- 
give the spring the proper temper. I pi^y^j. ^ ^^^ ^^^^^ ^ indemnify his 
knowthere are somewho make springs employée for losses suflFered in conse- 
direct from tempered wire; but they q^ence of the negUgence of another 
are much more durable if shaped and p^^s^j^ employedby the same employ- 
th^ tempered.-l>r. Wm, H. Steel, in ^^^ uj^ the same gênerai business," xm^ 
Items of Interest, less he has neglected to use ordinary 

? care in the sélection of the culpable 

Organized monopoUsts are again employé, a railroad company is not 
making a desperate effort to break up liable for the death of a brakeman in a 
the Knights of Labor. Some working- coUision caused by the négligence of 
men are stupid enough to aid them. the conductor on the same train in run- 
Workingmen hâve always been their ^'^^S ^^^ ^^ain ahead of schedule time, 
own worst enemies, and this is but one iinless the company was négligent in 
of the many instances which resuit in selecting an incompétent conductor. 
bringing untold evils upon themselves. (Congrave et. af. v. Southern Pac. Ry. 
However, this wiU not last much ^o. Calf. S. C. March 19, 1891.) 
longer. When poverty and starvation Note. — Statutes relative to liability 
reach the climax, a change will hâve to for injury or death occasioned by the 
fcake place, and then— Grod help the négligence of a fellow servant, are in 
rich and the poor.— Northern Light vogue in the majority of the States of 

f I 


the Union. Diiring the paat winter THE EMPLOYERS' FEDERATION, ^^M 

législatures gave the aubject much ^^^^| 

Bympathy and pretended concern, but a fédération of employers is in pro"^^^ 

with the exception of the Kansae legie- gj^^s of organization in San Francisco, ' 

lature, a!l adjouroed without doing which will include the foundrymen, 

more than to read the bill and suffer it ^hip ownera, Inmber dealere, box 

to die in committee. mafcers, buildere, hamess and leather 

INJURY TO E. R. Employe-Labili- makers, etc. The idea is to form a 

ITY FOB Depbctivb Road bed— Dam- fédération of employers of the Pacific 

AQES— Eaening Powers. 1. Plain- coast on the same plan and to be juat 

tiff waa a brakeman on a train of the as extensive as the organization of 

M. Co., which was being operated on trades unions in the Council of Feder- 

defendant's road. He waa inesper- ated Tradea, with its sub-federationein 

ienced, and had received no inetmc- aH parts of the coast, ho that, no mo.t- 

tiona as to hie dutiea. Being required ter in what irade or locality the Coun- 

to uncouple cars wtdle in motion, he cil of Federated Trades might exert ita 

mounted upon a flat car to do it, the power, it would meet an equally com- 

roughneaa of the track and the want pact organization to oppose its decrees. 

of fllling between the tiee rendering it it ia not proposed to attempt to deatroy 

dangerouB to attempt to uncouple while trades unions, but to restrain them and 

walkingonthe track. A sudden jolt to resist unreasonable deffiands; nor is 

caused by the roughnesa of the track it desired to reduce wagea, but to so 

threw him onto the ground and his arrange mattere that employers shaU 

foot caught in the drawheads and was not be dictated to as to the indîvidual- 

injured so that amputation was neces- jty of employés. A committee ia to be 

Bary. Held, That a verdict for plain- appointed, seleoted fi^om the différent 

tiff was aupported by the évidence, al- industries, which will constitute a 

though the facta above stated were con- court of final appeal in disputes. The 

tradioted by some of the defendant's décision of the comraitt«ewiU hâve the 

witnessea. power of the fédération to sastain IL— 

2. Where a brakeman employed by Scientiflc American. 

a raiiroad Company ia injured by rea^ — ^.^^^^^ 

son of defects in the road bed, which 

was leased by his employer from an- ^^^" "^^ «P^"* «^ "''^'■*y !"■« ^^^ 

other Company, he may maintain an ««d truCh and justice are disregarded, 

action for damages against the leaaor. P"''^'* i-ig^te can be easily sacri- 

3. Where the évidence showed that fi™<i under the forme of law. 
pUintiff was 22 years of âge, and Expérience teachea us that the moat 
eamed as a brakeman, *60 per month, ^°'^'^ ^^^ °^ P'^'^l'" ™'''>*J'' ^"^ th« 
and waa unable, by reason of his in- "''«t certain assurance of the uninter- 
juries, to do any work for two years, ^P^^ enjoyment of onr personal 
andhiaearningshaddecreased to $10 'ig^'ts and, consista not ao 
per month. Held, that a verdict for nmch in bills of rights, as in the akili^l 
12,000 was not excessive. (Trinityetc. organisation of the govemment, and 
Ry. Co. v. Lane, Tex. S. C. Feb. 20th, '*« aptitude by meana of its structure 
,ogi and geniua, and the spirit of the people 

■ which pervadee it, to prodnce wise 

The United Mine Workers' Journal "^ws and a pure, Brm and intelligent 

ia a late addition to labor literature, administration of justice. -ffenf. 

' audit starts with ahealthy appearance. " 

There is no mistaking ita mission; it is Itiaapecnliarideaof politieal econo- 

for the cause of labor and deservea my which will charge the poor man 1 

I support. It ia published at Oolumbus, centless for a postage slato.^ «cSi. Spi 

Ohio. One dollar and a half per year. more foT a. auA oî nXcMosa. ^^^^ 


DISTRICT DEPARTMENT. thereof, be deemed guilty of a misde- 

meanor and be punished by a fine of 

not less than flve hundred dollars (f 600) 

DISTRICT OFFICERS. nor more than one thousand dollars, 

($1,000) And ail acts or parts of actsin- 

D. M. w., Thos. Neasham, Denver, Colo. consistant with thls act are hereby re- 

D.. W. F., Geo. C. Miller, Ellis, Kans. pealed. 

D. R. 8m J. N. Corbin, Denver, Colo. The amount of overtime paîd afber 

D. F. 8. & T., W. L. Carroll, Denver, Colo. several hours would satisfy the most 

— greedy of the "overtime fiends." The 

Editor and Manager of the Magazine, pay increasing in geometrical progres- 

J. N. Corbin, sion. 

Office, Room 14 McClelland Block, To be told to come back and work 

p. O. Box 2724. . Denver, Colo. tiU 10:20 p. m. at times so commonly 
'-^ ^^ heard, wi»uld mean to a man getting 

Nebraska has now an eight-hourlaw, 30 cents an hour, $5.80 for the time; but 
that for simplicity and eflfectiveness, if told to work ail night (12 hours") he 
is admirable. How it will work in would be entitled to $2,457.00 for hîs 
practice remains to be seen. It goes night' s work; or if he worked four 
into effect July flrst. It reads: hours longer, making ail the time pos- 

A Mil for an act to regulate the hours sible in the twenty-four, his full day's 
oflaborofmechanics, servant and la- pay would amount to $39,32s.40, and 
borers. he could retire. 

Be it enacted by the législature of the 

State of Nebraska: 

Section 1. That eight hours shall M bas been offlcially announced that 
constitute a légal day's work for ail ^''- ^^^^^^' 1«*^«« *>^« médical départ- 
classes of mechanics, servante and la- ment of the U. P. on June Ist, and 
borers throughout the state of Nebras- *^** ^^- «albrath, of Omaha, who has 
ka, excepting those engaged in farm ^^"^ scheming so hard for the place, 
or domestic labor. «*®P« *"• '^«"' ^^ ^^^^ "^^ * m&gni- 

Sbc. 2. Any ofllcer or oflacers, agent fi**"»* «y»*^'" ^^^ ^« «^n ^^^ °o «'««li* 
or agents, ofthe State of Nebraska, or f*"^ »*« création. The change cornes 
any municipality therein, who shall unexpected by the employés. It is 
openly violate or otherwise évade the * department intirely their own 
provisions of this act, shall be gailty of ^^ ^''' '^^^''^ *^«y P*y ^o""- P'^vious 
malfeasance in office, and be suspended *« ^"^^ ^^^'^^' ^^""S charge there was 
or removed accordingly by the gover- Practically no beneflts received fromit, 
nororheadof department to which no man would allow himselfto be taken 
such officer is attached. ^ ">« fi"^y bospital if he could pre- 

Sbc. 3. Any employer or corpora- '^«°* i*' '^"^ i* ^^ *^« °"^y ^*y *'«'^«- 
tion working their employés over the ^^ <'°'^*^ ^^ obtained. Thousands of 
time specifled in this act, shall pay as dollars of their money went where it 
extra compensation double the amount "^^ °^^^^' accounted for nor a record 
per hour as paid for préviens hour. «^ " *» ^ found-so said General Man- 

Sbc. 4. Any party or parties con- ^«r Calaway. The department has 
tracting with the State of Nebraska, or ''^° redeemed since then, and Dr. 
any such corporation or private em- Pfeiffer's successor will flnd a record 
ployer, who shall fail to comply with of «very cent, or an employé can. 
or secretly évade the provisions hereof. If the employés are not on their 
exacting, or requiring more hours of gnard they may see it drop back into 
labor for the compensation agreed to the same old rotten condition, 
be paid per day, than is herein flxed What a lame reason Mr. Clark offers 
and provided for, shall, on conviction for the change when he told a News re- 


porter **The résignation of Dr. PfeiflFer CORRESPONDENCE. 

is natural under the circumstances. 

We ail had the highest regard for him, 

but when there is a change of manage- NOTE JO OORRESPONDENTS. 

ment it generally means a change in — 

the heads of ail the departments. I al- Bo not watt untU the last moment to tvrite up 

Ways like to hâve men around me whom pour monthly letter. Send U in at any time, the 

I know. ' sooner a/ter you read thia the better. The flrat 

When Dr. PfeiflFer was appointed, it oppwtunity y<m hâve w the best time. 

was on the recommendation of the di- -^-^^^^^^^^^^^^^^.^^^^^^^^^^^^^'^ 
rectors of the Massachusetts Gteneral Glenn Febby, Idaho, May 15, 1891. 

Hospital, one of the finest institutions Editer Magazine: 

in the WOrld, he was not known by an Glenn Ferry items are hard to get as this city is 

oflacial of the road. What recommen- «"*^- ^^^^ ^^ *^^« *'*® ninning smoothly at 

j ^ , , , , rt présent. There was an attempt to f orm a trust 

dation has the new man got? ^^^ ^^^^^ O^^ ^^ ^^ teamsters tried to corral 

the handling of the ice usod by the people, bnt 

T. V. Powderly, in a late issue of the the people were saved by Jim's ezposure of the 

Journal of theK. of L., strikes a hard scheme. . ^ ^ ^ ^ 

j nj ji_i J.J.1- 1- When passing through the shops a f ew days ago 

and well deseryed blow at those Who i noticed that there was an unusual stiriinong 

are trying to divide men on reUgiouS the men, and found they were decorating engine 

and nativity Unes, he exposes the 701 to pull Président Harrison over this division. 

weapon the enemies of the masses hâve '^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^ ^ working together on the 

1 j ,, j -rx • 1- • ji ^oe&t of terms now. Engine 1275 is laying in the 

SO long and well used. It isbemgused house for a slight overhauling. 

again whereever the people hâve be- We hear some kicking among the engine men 

COme at ail united. Where was he on account of there being six crews on the pas- 

bom, what is his religions belief? is sei^gerrun; they think there is not time enough 

, . j j TT ^ J.1 1 . 11 made with so many crews. There seems to be 

Whispered around. Unclothe SUCh talk- ^^^ greediness displayed in this, much the 

ers, and yau Will more often flnd a same as is displayed over the réduction ofhours 

monkey than a man. '^^ other work. There is nothing that takes the 

greed in such things out of men as to be looking 

— ^ . , . - - ^ „-. for a job and find men working more than they 

The mmes at Almy and Dana, Wyo., ^re physically able to, and they unable to get 

hâve been Closed, throwing many men anything to do and in sore need of it. 

out of employment, and with not a The coal shovelers seem to hâve got trained to 

very pleasant outlook for those at dotherequiredamountof workasthereisnotas 

., , , , ,- much complamt beard from the contracter. 

Almy who hâve been there many years, 


for the prospects of the mines being 

opened at an early date are not good. St. Louis, Mo., May i5th, i8«i. 

To Organized Labor Every where: 

L. A. 3218, of Denver, is over seven Brothers!— Sinceyoarecei vedour last circulars, 

years Old, and the event will be celé- ^^^ st. Louis brewer bosses, on suggestion of 

brated May 29th, by hearing a lecture ^^^^iphus Busch and Wm. J. Lemp, made an at- 

1- Tt*- •»*• -r^ T 1 « ^1 tempt to rnin our organization entirely, by dis- 

by Mrs. M. E. Leaae, who some of the ^^ar^g ^^ members from ail breweries of St, 

newspapers term the "alliance terror Louis, with the exception of Louis Obert's 

of KansaSj" Arsenal Brewery. 

: By this move, those brutal atlventurers thought 

,--,_» , i_i. t. •» . *.- -.7-1 they would succeed in laying lame the boycott on 

I%e People, pubhshed m N ew York Anheuser-Busch's and Wm. J. Lemp'8 béer, which 

City, is another new paper Started in is hurting those two firme very badly. 
the cause of the people, and COmes ftlll in some of the trust breweries the whole crew 

of news gathered in the metropolis. It was orderedinto the office, and had to déclare be- 

i_ -L _j. J • t- fore a notary, under oath, that they were not 

has our hearty good Wishes. members of our organization. Those of thoir 

employés who refused to swear were dis- 

The Order of Railroad Telegraphers ^^^^«^ immediat^ly, and the ^.^<.v«*«ô.^xvi va^ 

.T,i_^ i^x^ . v«xiw«^ AccKx»pxicxD certificat, Nï\AcYv^w»«CT«ïv\fâaûfeo\ vvw xcv««v- 

wiU hold their sixth annual session at V)er«,^\ift\i<^^ioxv\XiemoôA^\3«»*iViN^^^^ 

Bt. LottîB, commencing Jane 15th. a«aiiistT]A. 



This action of the brewery boeseB, who are empty hands waiting for work from the ma- 

keeping np one of the strongest combinée to rob chines. Well, what more can be ezpected? The 

the public as well as their employée, willemphat- extra gang created a position for a third gang 

ically prove to you how labor-hating they are, boss, and Frank had given ont the infoimation 

and ail statements given ont by thernselves and that he was the man, bat, presto, change! Frank 

their agents to the contrary, are contemptible was not a prospective brother-in-law and he is 

lies. The last deeperate efforts of the boycotted still working on some new theory which vdll 

firms are giving a sure proof that the power of completely revolutionize the motive power of 

organized labor has brought them to a point the country 

where they cannot much longer défend them- g^iu our inventions continue; we hâve dis- 

selvee against unconditional surrender. covered a plan to make steam without water, we 

Theref ore, we appeal to you again to enf orce hâve also discovered a theory whereby an engin© 

the boycott against Anheuser-Busche's and Wm. ig ^ade to back-up with the reverse lever thrown 

J.Lemp'sbeerwith ail your might, until they ahead whUe Charlie was tryhxg to remove her 

grant their employée the right to organize for from the shop to the transfer table. Thisisquît© 

self protection. After thèse two firme are a novelty, but is rather dangerous- None of us 

brought to terme, it will be an easy matter with were aware of the improvements and several of 

the rest of the béer kings of the entire country. ^ ^ad a narrow escape. The wiper looked quit© 

Thankingyoumost sinoerely for past fàvors, natural for the past week with his overallson 

and hoping that you will stand by us in this fight 
until victory is ours, we remain, 

Fratemally yours, 

Gambbinus Assembly, No. 7508. 

and no mistake would be made should he be ad- 
vised to continue to wear. We read in the cor- 
respondence from varions places of the additions 
that has been added to the shops, etc. But w© 

challenge the world on our fish hatchery, which 

has been fostered hère for the past two yeers, 

Albina, Ore., May 18th, 1891. ^^d a wonderful crop has grown. I hear you ail 

Editor Magazine : exclaim; Salmon? No I Sturgeon? No! Ah! 

The peopleof the coast can no longer becaUed Now I hâve it, ''Suckers." And still another 

"mossbacks" as they hâve played a conspicious P^"^* worth noticing— a few of the beloved fra- 

part in the political drama of our country of late temity are working ten hours each day in th© 

byshowing their patriotism to the man that ^®®^- l'wonder how much jobs like those cost, 

wears "Grandpa's Hat." Truly we are loyal *^^ ^ cannot understand how it is that appren- 

Americans, as was shown by our dévotion to the *^<^s *^* *^*^® worked at a trade two years ar© 

"G. O. P," by walking for hours through mud getting less than those that hâve worked scarcely 

andrain— for which Oregonisnoted— and shout- ay©ar. If such théories as this be continued, 

ingourselveshoarseinorder that we might re- why leam a trade at ail? The Dakota brothers 

ceive a smile from the man who styles us as a seems to hâve a hold of the right end of th© 

progressive people. "Consistency thou art a string. The one in the office is very important 

jewell." ^^ ^® seems to think himself paymaster, I do 

Strange it seems that man should applaud his ^^^ ^^^^ ^^** ^^ ^^™' ^^^ ^® reminds me very 

f aise utterances, while thousands of idle men are °^"®^ ^* * ™^ *^** ^*^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^ shadow soup 

wandering from place to place in search of em- ^^ ^^^ ^^^- H® is one of Baileys pupils, and 

ployment which they will fail to find as long as ^^^ ^»^® caught the same ailment that causod 

they aUow their présent environments to exist. Bailey to lose his job in the motive power d©- 

Well, for the shops next. partment. While the one in the machine shop 

Mr. McConnell and Président Harrison arrived f^^^ "^^re money and spoils more work, than any 

on the same day. It seems that the former was 
paying more attention to business than to the ré- 
ception of Harrison, and came over to see us 
while we were not at home, as a few of us were 

apprentice in the sLop. Strange, is it not, how 
some are favored? A change in our management 
would compel the people of Albina to build tin 
orphan's home of enormous size, or purchase a 

showing our loyalty to the Président with agréât- **™* »°^ ^^^ ^ raising hay, to give employment 
er dévotion than we perform our work, ^ ^^^^ ^^ *^® would-be mechanics, as a greater 
for which we are paid. But while we were mak- 

ing people believe we were somebody, someone 
told us 'Little Joe" was on the other side of the 
river, and then the race for life began, which 
eclipsed Sheridan's ride from Winchester and 

portion of them care nothing for the work; ail 
they want is time and plenty of it. 

To give the happenings in détail would require 
a spécial issue of the Maoazine, and one of the 
best shorthand writers of the âge. We hâve rep- 

when the round house was reached perspiration resentatives bere from ail parts of the world, and 

streamed from every pore, as we had to run part mechanics from ail roads in the country. N; P. 

of the way ; and as we are somewhat corpulent, and C. B. & Q. men are namerous, and as they 

we were very weary. are getting the largest pay now that they ever got 

What instructions were given I am unable to in their lives, they think thernselves stockholders 

say, but one thing noticeable is an increased force in the road. You can readily see what kind of 

in ail departments and the machine shop in par- men they are, when you know where they com© 

ticaJar, wbere a new gang bas been added, which from. Thete is an exceptional one among them 

eeema to bave overtaxed the brains of th© head occasionaii^f. 

of tbat departmenU as men stand around with We\iopesome onô-wTÛW»© ^afewraSi «!\ni\vf^ \» 


make tlisM. M.apreaontof a clook that will to tlie HaqaxiNi. IfeierthEre vas b place Ihat 

lieeptbecorroct timo In ortler UiBt Ihe whistle needsBhowiuH np itia the managament at that be blown wlUi n littlp moro regiilaritr. plaoe. 

WaiiudeiBtaniltliaCeDgiDe«nauilfiremeDhave Theone wolost ia HtUl at hia old trickB. anwTd- 

righls, but wlpetB harenoDe, batthalnllilppemU ingloletter. If he washerunuw lie wonld nol 

on whi) ïou ara and what yon are, an Bome of tUe feel loneBome. 
wlpera hece haveiobB that beloog to a niechonic. We bais had naieral bad acciilonte bi^re and on 

Some are kicUng bocauna an enginisr was tlie niad in tbo past few weeks 

lai ehoiUil hare tbe job. Asiwd. ThenThyseek billBevenmilps wcet «f SboHhoDe, and ditobed 

knuvBnotbûigaboat thpdQtiennfeitherotthem. Bonday tbe linh. No. »S1 jumped the track at 

I DadeiatAiid the man in cliargA of the machinti Hame place and killeil firemaa Oeorge Pesk. and 

shuii wIll KO into training soon; well be mnit do ditcbed 10 osre. Cause, track croeping and bad 

BomethinR Ui défend himself, an threals are Of. tiea, 

iniftbiokandfaBt. Oar triend Bweinhart. (carjienter) bnd a nai- 

Monleeth sBfshe basa gang; not in the Bbopel luw eacape Friday toat. We bave tbo worst tum 

amsure. andSqoinlen Ib captainof OUI cFackeiI table in tbe world hère. The bofs wece dning 

bail club. their beat to turn an engine and the table Btuck 

Dan aajfi he ia not eandidate for ma;or. aa uaual ; Sweinbart not wlahing to aee the boya 

I hnve written a long lettertbia time, but joa loee a)l of their panbt battona, gave tbem a 

will cxDOse me as tbia la xaj laat. I ehall lay band, The p ilôt of the eugine cnught hïa fuot 

dovD the peu to a more einerienced peiaon who and broke hia leg. This conld oll bave been 

will entertain tbe readen of the MAQAZiNEbettor avoidedbj flxlag tbc table and planking tbe 

tlian I baye doue. track around the pît. We propose to go rather 

BuooeBB to UiB Maoazisi, ita editor and readera slow thia îetler, not tlmiQgh fear. bat to aee if «Uj 

ia the beat «labeaaf come« ont as Iha ataiB forelell. V 

Oebebteh Ceabk. h 

QbasO Iblahd, Seb., Mar 10, 1991. 

Editor Magaîlite: 

Editor Slagiahie: 

It ia a long time ainco I baïe written to you, 

We hBTB no more adiUtiona ta ont abupa to re- 

anUyonmaybaïethoughtlwasliwt. TheMso- 

port thIs month. 

AZINKS have oume to me «ïocy month, fuli of 

A few changes. Joe Bhaw has gone to Evauston 

«ood Lhings. bat I had hopad that others bcrc hi 

on aick leaTo. We heard it remarked tbat be 

«rend IsJand would keep jou pceted es to Ibe 

conld not nniaa ail of hia anckers. ao »ent home 

□ows. but tbey may hare tskeo a trip away. or 


been liiid ap on the abeU es weU a» mysolf. 

Chaa. Corkhill ie ËUiug Shaw'e position us 

TI.OQgb I liate secn moch, I hase written none, 

toreman, and, (^hna. wi- are going lo kecp an eye 

yet in thia 1 hIioII oolysay a few ttiinga aa to our 

onron. Wedouotineao to iorap on ron the 

city, and what ia goiugon. 

firet thing, bot we are going to gîve jon a chance 

Kailroad news Is like other things-rathot 

todotheaiiuarething. thenif jioo (ail. we will 

tnrn ourselvee h«w. 

neïBr been sinea the year baann. ail orerthlapart 

ItwobBTohcardaright. uur big boy on tha 

of the oouotry. trom the failure of crops Uat 

alotWrhasonhiswarpaintand ia ealling yoor 

year. The farmereand tabnringmeabaTe bad a 

humble aerrant hacd namea. Sow Frankit. if jon 

hard time hère the i>aat winter. and msny. vers 

don-l hegoofl. we will toU «11 weknownboutyon. 

pour, haeo stdtered thinga tbey ueeded. The 

Humorbaalt that Merdith, one ol tbe gang 

robbera of tbe counlrj are the only onea who 

tureman ie going In leaie us. Eope not, aa John 

hare not soflered. I mean the bankera and real 

ia tuming ont to be ratber a décent kind of a boaa 

eslato Bburks. I waa told of aérerai laboring 

— atleastwben ho ia compored wltb the other 

mcn liera tbe peaC winUir. wbo haie litUe homea, 

bnt depended on their dailï Iftbor for support. 

Some pBPtiefi bave taken laat mont b's letler on 

whobaUtoapplytolhecltrforhetp. (or pcoïi- 

theiDBeWee. when it was not inteoded for ihem. 

ItbinkaU the trouble at this place conld be 

aroided It the grent a only "dann" wonld atop 

in the ir. P. Bhopa herp on May li-f. 

panihBvebeon makingmany improvB 

catello lo work Bt ShOBhono. against "Hickey'a 

FeCs," as we are called. 

of the oity, and when Uiey get them oom 

WaU. ira hâve D. K. Munro bock amin among 

us. We heard it whiariered that Dnnn luid Bhaw 

in getting ont thcir trains. 

wonld both quit if Mimro went liack lo work. 

ThBtehaubceaBBSHtiiâiaiiwes s*. 

They are rtill on the Idabo division. 

I eee Omt Poratello lias Bt laat written a lelter 

I.lcaBant,tB-ûo-««-, VoA (ita. ■ifi^\ w" 




gnno— «nocl bf. aiid doii't oome agûn. Bol ot 

tlie B. & M. dépôt hers if a traiellns loan orime- 


Kaniter cnn get a decant aDawer or aven the tnith 

frop» wiU be an encoiirBp.ment U> ftU- 

onaiiïqueation.hedo09wBU. They wiU nol tell 

WbII Friond Edihir. V\a aot started again I 

you vitliin four hours of whuD the tTBxa wiU l)c 

writing. Bftei three or four monllis relief, eo 11 

II*™ when il ie lalfl, althongh tlie» know tliat it 

try and keep yon ixwted. 

ÏB neïoral lioure lato. 

I hope WB moy bear fmui «une ot the others. . 

Tlie U. P. bas Iroilt h large eow ioe hnuaeiBDmo 


iHxty'BwiMbraiuiilumieilit itDdilwnamiea, as 

ClHHOS, Wyo„ Jluy 23, 1891. 

Jabot BBTer and aot an ice Baver, aa it seeuiB to be 

Editor Mmjathie: 

be a cnatly ice kteper. It U an. experinientHl 

machiae. Live and learn or else atudy mo™. 

Fuols are not ail dead. A little more cironla. 

pie are hnngry for some home newa, 1 thonght 

wonld mUEter enough courage to irrite eome. 

The QPW dépôt liore la Justin a Tlnlon. and ils 

While writing the aboTeacmB of Corbona ciel 

likelylnremaiOBO. A new floor that I aee in the 

old otBee mnat be tliu uew dépôt, or what thay 

an explosion had o«nred at Hanna. WyonillM(« 

meant by a new dépôt. Oh, thia old Bhell! «erer 

bïwhichfivemenwe™ blown to piecee. HoW-" 

WB» B vnrse insnlt to tbe traielins pnblic evec 

ever. after Bearohing for iho trnth half an honr, 

it WBS leamed that Dr, T. Q. Ricfeelle received s 

The Sngat Factoty eupsctB a hiK run thie fall. 

dispateb from Hanna, roquestinubim togothere. 
ae a man had heen bort iu tbe tnorning— later, be 

jnst got hia leg broken. Now, the wiiter cBnnol 

acree ot beats, as Uiey hâve new machinely for 

say n'ho «(ar1«d the rvport, bat the guilty one 

plaDtingandBttendingthom. Perhaps Iha farm- 

ahould pnt a look aud kej on Lia month, for it 

enwhû raies thBiomajaiakeit paj mgra tlian 

wonld be fat botter to keep Euch thooghiB iu 

eipeasaB, or enoagh la make ap for the lose on 

what thay raised laal yeac. If they haïe a good 

«easoD ondnottoodry, it mayâccide the boL't 

oflate. The U.P, Company hasbnilt a pipeline 

Erom Mo. 5 mine, B dialsuce of l' î miln nortb of 

amoog the which enublefi the peopletoget good, pnre, soft 

las. and aa watet— tbeminers'delight for washing porimEes, 

inite a de- |hat we hâve tu puy half a vent pei gallon for 

nand for help, Itwillkeep op Bnuid iHlanil'a vater, bot aneb ie the case, and wc are nioet 

toady growth if we do not gpt B drouth, Thero tbankful that it doea not coat more, Heretotore 

ire many abont hère who nued thia basineas, tôt ^j^ nieo had to pay (1 par month in the coal 

he IJaat year ha» been vary hard on those who office beforo they gol a drop, and 20 cents per 

lave (o dépend on day wagea. barrel for hi 

lUs clty bad a grcat change ÎD its o 
Bprin g élection, and i£ ever a city needed a change 

vrhiah waa almost aa hard as an ordiuary brick. 

It was Grand Ishuid, and now it lemalns 

,. ~™ r,.».^.. „.™„ i^„m,„ ■„ .^...>.>™ ^^ .„ MwillBUpplï 

«en whether they bave madeithellor or worae. l^t oall for^oue^barrel 

eiceptiona, were bat walking signe for aaloona, Fûber. contn 

and it waa the old officera' ideo to aee how many "* '"^ '^™'- 

bonds could be pnt on the city. Taiea are be- A large wator tank to bold B2,(I0U gallona, ia be- 

yond ail reason—lli per cent.— on city propeaty, ing bnilt nowal the sommit, belween hère and 

beaidealhostato and ooonty tBi, wbioh is abont No ,.1 tbat amonnt will aopply farbon abont 3 

OQB half Hsmach more. If the new offlœrH will day»; another tank for Railroad purposea bas 

acthalf reasonnbleBndnotBelUhemaolïeB, there been builL near the dépôt t4> anpply tbe enginea 

willbeanimiroïament. with wBter; engine» fllO and »15 hava headquar. 

LocalAaaemblraîBûaeemalohave had BBOt- «er» W Carbon now. T. P. Henkle county aaaea- 

back, niost too mnch politica, bat we hope that «"■ ''»* ^" «™ï '" "i^ ™''°*"; 'î'"*«,= **■"• 

it will brighten up now and they will l™.k more ">^ -omebody aaid ho had Bkipped, bnt his bnggy 

to the good ofila members, and not for office, nt tbe d™r Informa na Ihathe bas retanied ^ 

It helped ont the alliance candidate laat fall, bnt O. K, Be it aa.d to hia crédit that ha .s tte only 

thlaorderdid not help Ihem moch, bnt it »ut oneelec.edon thedemocratictlcketla.tfall. and 

from (hia cnnty tbe woiat aet o( dOBil heads that " ^""i sathering m the grain at présent, 

ever repreaented Hall connly, and they wero au The bneinesa mon of Carbon bave oompletod a 

Injnrylo Ibegrowth and prospority of thia city atage road loGold Hill, and oqolpped it with a 

^oonnty, tar moce than the dronth and gra™- atage wliioh makea regnlar tripa U> the Qald HiU 

yimiervrdidpottogether. Deliver n» from goldeicitement,thB dislBnce ia 3U milea, while 

^onsaoli re[meiiatatlteB.aeetotriagtoois. thelate iatSeaobway, 


CarbuD peuple hsTe ChonRhlaboul iinlting up The DonBiniue lias cloeed ilown, Ihe mini?rs 

ahaeksUjp loentcli tha gold niiagela bb tliey goins it. Hûek SpriBKB and Honna minea. 
coiDB from oiir aietor town. The Rev, B. ïoung will eliortlj leaïc for Dimg- 

Otlior pomieBloDKtbeL'. P. am trylnit to moke las, W^o., toatteoi] ths cooference of tbo Metb- 

thfl wnrld betiece UiHir waf ia b«n tn Uold Hill, odist E]>î«opal Chaioh. Iield JuDe IMh. The 

but CnrboD hae the beat of Cliem «ad tbef caïuiot Rev. Renllainaii hna wdrked hani flmDii« at Tor 

get aroiuid it. We claim to hâve th» Bhort«st. oier a year, and vehom furbiB retnm. 
beat and cbeaiK^t ronle, and be«t acDoinmoda. Oar L. A, ha» purchased srd plneod in the er~ 

tioiu for travelere lo tliis Eldorado of Wïuidîdb. eenihlf room a larse phnio, of T. V, Pnwdorlï, ». 

The Union Pacifie hua onlered traicw No, 1 aud 2 M. W-, und no» Mr, EiUt<>r. luui aUmt ruo diiwn 

toelop Ht Carbon. Bn^your tickets via Carbon, no I will close. 
(or (Jold HiU. Black Duhoni> Ci-tter 

The Blaak Diamond BDdODld Hill âentlnel. a 

woakiï newBpapor, with F. W. Oit as editor. is iu 

a Bonrishing condition, published by the Carbon H,ss a. Wï-.. May -^ Wl. 

PublishinK Cumpanï, Carbon, WïomiOB, Tarm» 

«2perïear, Ita flrst îbsub aupeared Feb, U. 'Hl, edrtor Jfaffaîine,' 

The editor adToratad incorporation for the tdwu ThepromiBusof aiendï wotk o( No. 2, iniue, 

o( Carbon troni thaBtnrt, m> It hae been incorpor- whieh were made in ail «ood faith tu tJie miner*. 

month». Evcrj- man bas a right lo haie bis own plsnt twii or tbrep weeka Utor, Tlio object for 

opinion on the aobject, bat nome of onr citlian» "bich Ihey aonght was aocomuliihed. thot of es. 

bave boenoolledannhiBg but whatia «ood. (or labliating a cheap pries for miningcoal at tliat 

adYocatlng incorporation, whichlbelieTe will bo mine. Bat wlii nhould (hey stoop t*> doceit and 

abonefit iDiiurlown. An élection was beld oo trlckery in mattera ofthiakind. we cannot Juat 

April 30th for or against corporation for the lowu understand. It 

of Carbon, 147 to1*b were ca»t nltogether, 11« for Company, aa the 

and Si a^Binsl. A majorïtj of ai Totea wore cnat TOBnngBini-nt ai 

for iocurpotation. aliithtwt proïoo 
MajtheBtb a citizen'» maeting was called, The camp toJ 

which elected the following delegaten W a coa- '"™' ^* reeem! 

Tentionheldthesanieday; Wm. B. Lavia, Sam- "BaornetiineB n 
nel Fuge, Alfred rheeebroDgh, Erlek Pelander, 
John Uoody. Jobn H, Lewia, ThL«. O. Uiuta, 

Wm. L. Eïaoa, and F. P. ahannon, Theoonïen- at SS a day, by agi 

lion d«ide<lthatoDlï ona ticket be placed in camediaguated, p 

the field, and the following tiaket was nomina- i-"'— " - " '"^ 

ted: For major, TliDa,0,MiQtB:forcDnn(-ihiian ' 
Wm. B. DaviH. Wm. E. Edwarda. Zeph Jonaa, 

and Jobn H. Lewla. The élection was held May ' 

intb. The oliicerB were lïwom lu by John S. ' 
Jones, notarj pnblio. The inapectora of elBction 

called for refreshmenta wliicb were grant^ by ^ 

thaconncil, whenan informai meeting ot tho ' 
Carbon oouncil wsa lield. Wben the m 

poeed tho oamo oî Jottn Moody lor t'ity Clark ' 

a bed t 

oDCalled for, 
worhing now pendioH a ttettlen 

,„, leappolnlment tho City Clork bo- Wy, jning at prosenf 

commoi-offlcioastiesaot) wiiicb the oouncil ap- Many hâve bran brought hère by tho U. P. Co., 

profedb, unanimona vote, The mayor then the paat few monthalo work m Ibe minea, with 

proposed tliB namo of F, W. Oit for City A tlomey '■'«t «"^ "''' Pf ""'« "ateady «ork and big pay." 

which WBB approvod alw. hy the oouncU, Other tbe reaolt la many are in deatilute circnmatan- 

boainesa was Blmi transacted, whon the oouncil '^^• 

adlDoroed ontU May imh. It was decided that Four or fiveFiBlauder.i»hû were 80bp„™aed 
conncilmeo Wm. H. Edwards and John H. Lewia ^ »itne.aea on the JerTie oaae, hara been dls- 
™. .h- l^„„ .^.^ ftndWœ. B. Davis aud Zeph otarged. Jeme wBflcrippledin No. 2mlneCar- 
,,^ bon. abunt Hve yeara ago. He recelred judge- 

Jones t 
The eahiTies of the diffc 

ir appointed 

Street comxiiaaioner, and James Smith, night po- 
lioeman. The manbal will ceceiTot<>apermaDth 
andthe polIleSAri per month, The above ap- 
pointmenlB were oonfirmed by the oouncil, 
C, F. Jolinaon haa gone to Chicago on a biiaî- 

J. D. Crllley ban removed from Dana («Carbon 

*, Neb.. May 2.1, ISfll. 


tobemadeafterthe visitthis wtek, ofthe preei- haying been on the down grade so long, and 

dent S. Dillon, I ehould hâve received an incen- hetakes charge with about 75 dead enginee- on 

tive to Write at once to inf orm the readers of the the division, and he will be aided none by tbe 

Magazine of the changes. protèges of his predecessor, and he will bave to 

Considering the stand the Magazine has taken keep his weather eye open for schemee against 

in regard to the chief surgeon of the hoepital, it him. He will not make the friendship of soxne 

is with regret that I annoance that Dr. Galbraith by improving the condition of this division, bat 

has received the appointment of chief surgeon, he appears able to do it, and he will hâve the 

to take effect the first of the month, and that the hearty support of the major part of the rank and 

headquarters are to be transferred to Omaha, at file anyway. 

east so the the papers hère say. M. A. Sullivan, one of oar old-time machiniste, 

It is generally understood that Superintendant buried his aged mother the first week of the 

Blickensderfer is removed and P. J. Nichols month. He has the sympathies of his many 

takes his place the first of next month. friends. 

James H. Mannîng is appointed M. M. for Ne- On the moming of the 22nd. there was a little 

braska Division, and David Patterson, of North excitement at the hospital. The nurses were 

Platte, is promoted to the position of gênerai cleaning the bedsteads with gasoline when it ao~ 

foreman, lately held by J. H. Manning, but he cidently caught fire, buming one bed entirely 

has not succeeded so far in creating a very favor- and nearly cansing a panic in the ward. Prompt 

able impression of himself by the men under use of the fire extinguishers soon removed ail 

him, but maybe after he becomes acquainted danger. 

with his work and the men under him, it may Président Dillon,General Manager Clarke and a 

change somewhat the sentiment of the men re- corps of minor officiais, hâve been inspecting 

garding him. hère the past two days. md it is understood th^ 

It is rumored that the company intend to make go on west tomorrcw. 

theirown car wheel6again,whichfactis received The excitement hère the past two weeks has 

with great pleasure by the men employed in the been over the shooting of some men at the City 

foundry, as it will hâve a tendency to make work Park. Two were killed and a number injured. 

more permanent in that department, and what is The shooting was done by F. N. Davis and a 

more, I believe that it will be a good thing for party of five he had with him. Davis' employée 

the Company, as ne one will deny that they make in a brick yard near the park were on strike, and 

a better wheel in Omaha than any place in the had been successful in persuading others from 

country. taking their place. Davis became exasperated 

I am pleased to announce that the men hère over this, arms a party with shot guns and fires 

succeeded in having the time changed so that we into the strikers. 
. get through at 5 :30 instead of 6 p. m., as they pre- The resolutions adopted by L. A. 3218, explaine 

fer the half hour in the evening instead of mom- the situation more fully : 

"^S^ ..^, , .^L-i_i. J. J "Whereas, Two feUow-workingmen hâve met 

Work m the shops is quite bnsk at présent and .,.,.,* xu u ^„ * „ u„«^ «* .<,«»<.<.;^« 

• 1-1 1 X x« * i.- • J * their death at the hands of a band of assasems, 

18 likely to continue so for some time in order to , . , . _ _ . u„„^ u^ «i5„u4.««4. 

xxu 11- J. i_ • u AU ji J.U 1 and there appears to not hâve been the alightest 

get the rolling stock in shape to handle the large , ... ♦•^^ ^* xu^ „«<. „«j 

XI- • U-U--JUXU • * circumstances m mitigation of the act, and 

crop this year, which is insured by the rains of 

the last few days, and every body feels good over "Whereas, It appears that the leaders of the 

the rain, although it reduced the température assassins had been granted poHce authonty to 

severaldegreesandmadeanovercoataneceesity. carry arms on theirown request, with the evi- 

Iwassomewnatsurprised at the criticism of dent purpose of being able to use them when 

your correspondent employé from hère, but if I t^ey saw fit, thus exercising authdrity that 

mistake not the writer, maybe I could serve the should rest only in the State, and delegated for 

interest of color better by doing as he does, get- Peace purposes to only those who were mterested 

ting reinstated in the assembly at reduced rates ii^ t^e maintenance of peace and in no way in- 

f or a few months every two or three years. terested in using their power for Personal ven- 

J.B.J. «^«^^^^ 

**Whebeas, a Society known as the Brick 

Manufacturers' Association hâve placed them- 

selves on record lauding the lawlees act of the 

T^ r^ ^ a -loo ^on^ assassius Eud thus indicatiug their anarchistic 

Denveb, Colo., Apnl 22, 1891. ^^^^^^^ . therefore be it 

Editor Magazine: ''Resolvedj That we extend to the bereaved 

Wehavecome to congratulate ourselves that families of the dead our sympathies; that we 
the rumor of a change in Div. M. M., referred to demand in the name of law and ordw that their 

last month, proved true. Mr, Z. Sprigg is Div. assassins be brought to speedy justice ; that 

M. M., and there is every indication that he is caU on ail equality loving people to condemnan 

going to prove a superior, as a mechanic at least inclination to condone their act becaose they 

to his predecessor, and he has the gênerai ap- represent capital. 

pearance of having some degree of manly char- ^^Resolved, That we condemn the act of ths 

acter. He bas aonie hard work bef ore him, to police commissioners for giving police anthoritj 

bring tbia division to where it ought to be, it topeTftons'wVio^etftVàÛK.^tôuaeit for pewoo»! 



ence in the wages of men in this department of 
the same ability. Freight car repairers, wages 
from $2 to $2.25 per day, the former figure BeemB 
to be the hiring wages . at présent: Passenger 
coach tmck repairers, waçes from $2.00 to $2.25 
per day; painter's wages run from $1.75 to $3 per 
day ; foreman $110.00 per month. The priées paid 
to the painters are too far apart and shonld be 
regnlated better. Wipers in the round house, 
and ail men doing laboring work hère are paid at 
the rate of $1.50 per day ; night watchman $45 per 
month ; foreman $60 per month. Wages for day 
men in ail the departments are calcolated for 10 
hoors work. There is abont 425 men employed 
'hère at this time of writing. One year ago there 
was nearly double that number employed hère. 
Two gangs of carpenters that does work in and 
outside the shops, draw wages from $2.40 to $2.50 
per day. Their foremen gets $5 per day. Wages 
in the wood machinery department runs from 
$2 to $2.50 per day ; foreman $3.50 per day. 

There may be some errors in the list of wages 
of the men, but in the abstract pretty near right. 
I omitted from the list of eatables groceries such 
as flour, sugar, tea and coffee, as the prioe of 
thèse articles are nearly the scune every where in 

Mr. Joe McConnell and suite paid us a flying 
visit on Aprll 28, and made a cursorary examina- 
tion of the shops. Heveral commente were made 
by the men on account of his low stature, his 
cool and nonchalent demeanor while passing 
through the différent departments. He "took" 
with the men at sight. He recognized old shop 

E. B. Gibbs, gênerai foreman, who was trans- 
ferred to North Platte, Nebraska, was succeeded 
by C. L, France ; he worked hère some years ago, 
and is well known in Omaha and Denver. He 
is well liked by the men so far. 

Bâtes Dunlavey, chief clerk in master mechan- 
ics office is back againfromCheyenne, Wyoming, 
consequently Charlie Hughes and Charlie Meyers 
are reduced to the positions they held of yore. 

John Walsh. machinist in the round house, 
while working with a pinch bar trying to get a 
spring out from under an engine,got one of his 
fingers smashed, which will lay him idle three 
months. John, you should be more careful, as 
the Company does not furnish a man with new 
Angers or the équivalent in money. 

The Company has hired about twenty mechan- 
ics since the first of May. Sent six of them to 
Ellis Kansas. Hired a few painters. Working 
hours 52 a week. 

Work in the différent departments, normal. 

Business on the road dull, and train men raak- 
ing short time. 

The large steam hsmimer in the blacksmith 

shop, used for heavy forging and axle making 

has been razed to the ground, not like the Bas- 

tile of Paris, but to be repaired for f urther use- 


The machines in the lathe room, of the ma 

chine shops, are undergoing painting and reno- 


On the evening of May the 21st, at about six 
o^clock a heavy rain and wind storm struck this 
place, tearing off the most of the tin roof of the 
old round house, spreading consternation and 
tertor amongst the men working in that depart- 
ment at the time, It blew out a couple of sky- 
lights in the machine shops. Success may attend 
the new industrial political party born at Cin- 
cinnatti,phio, May 20, 1891, A. D. 

Au Bout De Son. 


Pocatello, Idaho, May 18. 1891. 

At a spécial meeting of L. A. 1663. the follow- 
ing résolutions were adopted : 

Whebeas, It has pleased the Grand Master 
Workman of the Universe to call from our midst 
our beloved and respected brother, George Peake 
who was killed in the railroad accident on the 
O. S. L. May 17, 1891, 

Resolved^ That in the death of Brother George 
Peake, our Assembly has sustained the loss of 
one of our most valued members, and a very 
promising and highly esteemed young brother. 

Resolved^ that we extend to the family and 
friends in their sad bereavement, our heartfelt 
sympathy; and that the Charter of this Assembly 
be draped in mourning for the space of tliirty 

Resolved, That a copy of thèse resolutions be 

recorded upon the minutes of our assembly, that 

a copy be sent to the family of the deceased, and 

the same be handed to the local papers, and the 

U. P. Magazine for publication. 

( Alex Wamsby, 
Com. -j Frank Gibbon, 
N. D. Fox, R. S. 1663. ( James Adamson. 

A committee of the American Rail- 
way Master Mechanic^s Association, in 
a report on the efficiency of the link as 
compared with other valve motions, 
state that nowhere is "the survival of 
the fittest more pronounced than in rail- 
road practice, and that in America the 
link has outlived ail its rivais. It has 
they say, been urged against the link 
that is not a scientific and true mechan- 
ical motion. This may be true, but the 
fact remains that fairly good résulte 
are obtained from it; that it will take 
more punishment in the shape of rough 
usage and neglect, and cost less to 
make and repair, than any form of 
valve motion now being experimented 
with on locomotive engines. 

Remember our oflfer in the advertis- 
ing pages for T. V. Powderly's book, 



Vol. VL JULY, 1891. No. 6. 

PATRIOTISM. military achievements bad set a 
comparât! vely email number of 

That seasoii of tbe year ia at people free from the rule of a 

hand when wliat is aupposed to re- îiereditary monarch, but it was 

présent patriotism is to be beard JefEerson'a foresigbt and belief in 

and eeen on ail sides, but if tbe the virtues o£ the commou people 

nation'a future prosperity dépend- that kept the démocratie princi- 

ed entirely on that kînd it would pies of equality aunounced iu the 

be a dismal future to look into; déclaration of independence to the 

liviiig on the glories of tbe past front, preventing tbe people drift- 

will not make the future glorioue. iug back to a condition they had 

As it 18, the patriotic displaya o£ by force of arms freed themselves 

July fourth are much more tbe re- from. It was bis spirited determ- 

salt ot a commercial spirit than ination to build a govemmeut on 

Il patriotic one, Merchants and démocratie principles that pre- 

business men generally contribute vented the re-establiabment of a 

to make a municipal display to at- limited monarcby, and that made 

tract a crowd to tbe town, thus in- him unpopuîar with the wouH-be 

creasing their sales and conae- aristocrate of bis time, 

quent profits. Tbe patriot soldier clears the 

The true patriot ia a lover of bis way, but it is tbe patriot states- 

country and be muât be of man- man that leads a people tlirough it 

kind as well, mère land does not and teacbes thera how to utilize 

make a country lovable. He will their advantages. It was the 

aeek to elovate and perpetuate its future tbat Jefferaon tremliled for, 

standard by elevating the citizen when he uttered tbose immortal 

and by surroundings thatwill tend words; "Etenial vigilance is the 

to keep men good citizens, which priée of liberty." It was tbe true 

is ail that diatinguisbes one country patriotic spirit. Lincoln ahowed 

from another. Patriotiam and his true patriotic nature more in 

emptystomacha, or fearo£them,cIo bis words of fear and wariiing to 

not go together. bis country over tbe possibilities 

Of ail tîterevolutionary patriots, o£ the power of capital aurplaut- 

Thomas Jefferson was undoubtedly ing the power and rights of labor 

the greatest; his patriotism waa than he did in bis call for volun- 

abown in bis efforts to lay a foun- teera. The tme patriot looks with 

dation of a govemment in etemal jealoua eyes to tbose conditions 

prineiplea o£ liberty for ail man- that lead men away from demo- 

kind to build on, be had not en- cratic prineiplea, for it is how 

tirely invîew the simple boundries deeply they axa «mWA.^^ S», "ûtifc 

of tbe colonies. Washington'B mi-oàa ol tei6c 'Oq-ïA. a. ^a^'i-t.^«sv«;^ 



of the people by the people for the fuse the terms offered and if hej 

people, miist reat. did not like bis présent employ- 

No American patriofc eau be a ment he could leave it Such are 

mimicer of monarchial court ete- conditiona that indicate free men, 

quette. No American patriot will and, as it is affirmed that slavery 

countenance one citizen standing does uot exist in the United States-, 

in fear of the will of auother, when but that freedom doea, the con-J 

called upon to express his sover- ditions of freedom mnat exiat-B 

eign rigfit of voice in the affaira of That is, as far as the reasoning ofl 

the nation, and will attack any many goes. ^ 

condition tfaat tende to force man Some, aaauming the existanee ofH 

into that state, and in doing so, such conditions, say that labor'l 

can show as much love of eountry organizations are bad institution s-l 

as any that attacked a régiment of because they disturb the freedom'B 

redcoats, for he is attacking a of contract by dictating terms toW 

stealthy and unaeen enemy, more another, when it would be nearer ^ 

dangerous than auy open foe. No the truth if it waa said that they 

American patriot will aid the en- had become a necessity to put the 

throuementof amoney power over worker on something near the 

the masses, either by act or pre- aame footing aa the employer, and 

cept. They will, like Jefferson, make something like a free eon- 

strive for the establishment of that tract possible, There can be no ] 

which will forever make the eom- free contract between the man 1 

mon people suprême, in fact, allow etarving and the one with food, j 

no other to be recognized but a between the drowning man and 

common people. the one within rea'ih of him with 

The truB patriot will study the a boat, and it ia rarely that a wage 

lives and teachings of such men as earner ia not in an analogona poai- 

Jefferaon and Lincoln for their tion, They are to assure some 

model in préférence to any mili- thing uear like equity while at the 

tary chieftian. In timea of peace, same time they strîve to do away | 

strive to remove the causes of war. with conditions that make the 

Many of the so-called American adjudication of auch questions a 

patriotic societiea are anything neceasity. It ia certainly true 

but what their namesimply. They that organizations at times, in i 

live on the glories of the past, their haste to gain a point bave | 

while in the perpétuation of past interfered with men in a wny 

aiiimosities they do an unpatriotic that abridged their freedom still 

act. They are satiafied with being more. But at such times, organi- 

the descendent of a patriot rather zations are not acting in the cap- 

than become patriots themselves acity of labor organizations, but 

by aeeking for and routing the aa monopolista. They are then, as 

secret foe that is sapping the life such, a curse to mankiud, juat as 

blood from the nation in every and for the same reason that the 

législative hall and court bouse, Standard Oil Company is, or any 

leaving it but a bollow shell, a of the trusts. Labor organizations 

mockery of the structure that our arisebecauae of the conditions they 

greatest, patriot, Jefferson had in then put themselves into and belle 

view. their character. 

FREEDOM OF CONTRACT, Question the assertion that there 
. is freedom of contract between the 

It is geuerally accepted as truth one seekiug employment and the 

that a man is free to ehoose his one seeking a worker, and you 

'-yfr, innsmuch at leaat to re- open up the labor problem. If 



there was between such a contract (iegrade(?)himself atlowerwages. 
there would be no labor question Thua is the lack of freedom of 
agitatÎDg the world to-day. There contract forced on men by capital 
is no such a persou as a free wage monopolizing the natural oppor- 
eamer. Many lu trying to adj'ust tunities made still worse by work- 
conditiona surrounding the wage men themaelves by attempting to 
eamer work on the supposition cause the laek of freedom that ail 
that there ie a freedom of coutract, wage earners are under to rest 
cauaing a vaat amouut of energy less on thernselreH by forcing it 
to be wasted in chopping sand. harder ou others by taking ad- 
They try to bring two conditions vantageof surrounding conditions, 
into harmony that are incongru- If every man was snrrounded by 
ious — a wage earner and freedom. conditions that would allowhim to 
Some may deny this who are wage work for himself aud at least suc- 
eamers, but let them be seeking ceed in so doing to keep himself 
employment and how often hâve and hia family alive and fairly 
they freedom of choice, either as comfortable, every man would be 
to conditions surrounding them at at liberty to choose between that 
their work or the pay? If they and the retam for working for au- 
have, then they mnst be in posi- other, and uo contract with au- 
tion to sttp outside of the wage other to perform labor wonld hâve 
eaming class by becoming an em- for a considération less than a 
ployer if uothing more than to Hving for the worker, it would be 
the estent of employing them- useless then for a class to try and 
selves. fortify itself by restrictions on 

In times called dull, as in most others entering the class, man 
Tçestein cities at the présent time, 'would be at liberty to class him- 
thousands hâve no choice of the ae^f and to where he would be 
occupations they will work at, l*est satisfied. 
ofEering to work at anything, at Judicial minds hâve generally 
any price ; even trade pride is assumed that there is a free con- 
cruahed and men are seen asking tract between employer and em- 
for work at occupations tbat at ployé, and it is their mliug, that 
more brisk times they would dis- in the implied contract the work- 
dain to coneider or even associate man assumes the risk o£ the ser- 
with men that worked at it. The vice he entera, and it the danger 
"skilled" workman goes "seab- was increased by placing incompe- 
bing it" against the comnion tent men in positions formerly 
laborer, forced to by conditions fiUed by others on whose employ- 
which at the time he cannot over- ment he might bave based the im- 
come and the common laborer plied contract, he assumes the ad- 
does not strike because he is put ditional risk if he continues at 
at his work and cannot show work, such a contract has uothing 
that he had served an apprentice- binding on the employing party, 
ship at handling the shovel. It it indicates that there is but one 
would be useless for him to do so, voice in the making' of the con- 
while when times are better the tract, the other party has no free- 
laborer wonld be met with reblnff dom about it, to quit it, would be 
it he attempted to work his way to assume similar or greater risks 
into a more skilled occupation aud with aiiother employer, for neces- 
get proportionate advance in pay sity forces him to work for oue or 
— there is a strike in an eastern the other, and so ail the freedom 
locomotive works now over that possible is to'g^'è ^-o^i^'ai-^çi^ 
question^nd not as a skilled man ftiat to a gt^û.Vft-ï^Kvi.VS.e.t-^fe^w 

1 J 


Some judges hâve goiie bo far as if it had not been for the leadei 
to nile tliat bd employer in fur- wbo are placed under the gênera! 
nishing a man witli work, had by head of "disturbers," " agitators,'' 
the fact, recompensed him for any nnd on their heads cornes condem- 
loases the neglect of the employer nation for the suffering that may 
has caused hun. come to some, especially if there 

Environments in youth prevent has be«n defeat. It is a common J 
many exercieing a choies of oceu- expression heard at such times, "ici 
pation that he may uee his natural the distnrber had let them alonea 
powers to the best advantage, thuB the men would hâve been all'l 
plaeing him at a disadvantage right," in which "right" 
through life, and fellow men throw submissive, 
around him additional restrictions It is not to be woudered at that ^ 
to prevent him, at a later period in those who kuow nothing personally 
life, taking advantage of an oppor- about organization and ail the in- 
tunity to make up La part, at least, formation they do get coming 
for his loss in youth. Erom the through hearsay or from sources 
cradle to the grave the wage eam- in deadly opposition to workmen, ■ 
er exercises iîttle freedom, the for- should lie influenced by such I 
tnnate f ew are but acceptions. Be- statemente, but those who know 
ing unable to set a price on personally there is no truth in 
his own product, he can in no such, use it as an excuse for their 
way save himself by adjusting own contemptable cowardly acta, 
the price of what ne consum- and it is unnecessary to deny that 
es ; he is thus compelled to the enemies of organized labor 
gravitate between j'ust enough to fiad effective résulta from advanc- 
exist on and starvatîon ; to be able ing the statement. They know 
to avoid thiehemustbe enabled to that there is a certain pereentage 
step out at will from the wage of the membership of labor or- 
earning class to the self employ- ganizatiou's are cowards at heart, 
ing clasB ; he is a free agent then joining in times of peace to get 
and capable of exerciaing his will the benefits others bave striven for 
regarding a contract; create that and only want for an excuse to 
condition and the labor problem is sneek out when they are called on 
solved, and a solution would fol- to show their colors. liike trait- 
low to the most complicated social ors and deserters in national wars 
problems. It is useleas to say they are deapised by both sides. 
that men would not use such advan- Men hâve ne ver associated under 
tagea and prefer to take ou theni- more démocratie conditions than 
selves a more dépendent condi- they hâve under the average mod- 
tion. Men soon leam what is to e^ labor organization. Under no 
their advantage, and because some associations hâve men shown a 
do not it is no reason that they greater activity in the formulation 
should be denied it. and enactment of their constitn- 

■ ■ ■ ' ■ tions and the rulea governing 

ARE LABOR ORGANIZATIONS ^beir action and the placiug oî 

TYRANNOUS checks on their leaders, in some 

-^ — ' instances, perhaps, too much to 

It ia often used as an argument insure under aîl circumatances, 
to make organizations of labor ap- the beat practical results. Every 
pear odious, when they are liaving member haa an equal voice and 
a conflict for the rights they are power in the formation of laws, 
formed to uphold, that working- and the choice of those to whom is 
Tf"" — 'i/Jd uerer havo gone into it dëlegated the power to represent 

m- " 


Vol. VI. JULT, 1891. No. 6. 

PATRIOTISM. military achieveiuente had set a 
tîomparatively small number of 

That seasou of the year îs at people free from the nile of a 
hand when whafc ie Bnppoaed to re- hereditary monarch, but it was 
présent patriotism is to be lieard Jeffereon'a foresight and belief in 
and seen on ail sides, but if the the virtuea of the common people 
nation's future prosperity dépend- that kept the démocratie princi- 
ed entirely on that kind it woald pies of equality announced in the 
be a diemal future to look into ; déclaration of iudependence to the 
living on the glories o£ the past front, preventing the people drift- 
will not make the future glorîous. ing back to a condition they had 
As it is, the patriotic diaplaya of by force oE arma freed themselves 
July fourth are mucli more the re- from. It was his spirited determ- 
Bult of a commercial spirit than ination to build a govemment on 
ft patriotic one. Merchanta and démocratie principles that pre- 
business men geuerally contribute vented the re-establishment of a 
to make a municipal display to at- Hmited raonarchj^, and that made 
tract a crowd to the town, thua in- him unpopnlar wjth the would-be 
creasing their sales and conse- aristocrats of hia time. 
qnent profita. The patriot soldier clearB the 

The true patriot is a lover of his way, but it ia the patriot statea- 
country and he mnat be of mau- man that leads a people tbrough it 
kind as well, mère land does not and teachea them how to utilize 
make a country lovable. He will their advantages. It was the 
seek to elevate and perpetuate its future that Jefferson trembled for, 
standard by elevating the citizen when he uttered those immortal 
andbysurroundiuga that will tend words: "Etemal vigilance is the 
to keep men good citizeus, which price of liberty." It waa the true 
is ail that diatinguiaheaone country patriotic spîrit. Lincoln showed 
from another. Patriotism and his true patriotic nature more in 
emptystomachs, orfëarof th6m,do hia words of fear and waruing to 
not ao together. hia country over the possibilities 

Of ail tnerevolutionary patriots, of the power of capital eurplant- 
Thomas Jefferson was undoubtedly ing the power and rights of labor 
the greatest; his patriotism was than he did in his call for volun- 
ahown in his efforts to lay a foun- teers. The true patriot looks with 
dation of a government in Ptemal jealons eyes to those conditions 
prineiples of liberty for ail mau- that lead men away from demo- 
kind to build on, he had not en- cratic prineiples, tiat \\. '^s, V.'i-^ 
tirely inview the simple boundriea àeepVy V^ie^ ^'ïfâ ea^ità&.Ô»&. "^"^ "^^ 
ot tbe colonies. Wasliington'B mmàs ol m-a-o. VmA. a- (^c^e-î-^i^^*^^ 


That cri tics get much good With the great mass of humanity 
ground for their statements re- awakening to its needfal and un- 
garding the acts of labor organi- fortunate condition, or, in other 
zations and the représentatives of words, the bringing to promin- 
them f rom those who claim mem- ence the labor question brings eut 
bership, is well known. No strike a plethoric amount of ad vice as to 
was ever a f ailure but what a large how it can be solved individually. 
number that engaged in it will de- Its value, however, is a question- 
ny ail responsibility for it, and at able quantity. Just how little a lit- 
once try to gain sympathy f rom tle considération may demonstrate. 
the enemj by a taie of woe and With many, the condition of the 
pleading the martyr and condemn- unfortunate is simply the resuit 
ing those who hâve had to stand of a personal fault, a disregard of 
at the front, thus show their low simply rules that if folio wed would 
contemptable cowardly natures, make them among the rortunate. 
but when the strike is a success With that idea prominent it is 
how they can tell how "Betsy and easy to give ad vice. Few try to 
I killed the bear;" how they can go further than that. 
tell how more could hâve been There has ever been but a îew 
gained if it had only been asked that the world has classed success- 
f or, and if they had spoken for the fui, such a small percent that if 
organization, what they would man, on entering the world could 
hâve done, and even will intimate realize how slim his chance waa 
that the représentatives of the he could choose to départ at once, 
organization had been cowardly. that life was not worth living, but 
Among labor organizations such it evidently was not intended that 
characters are generally known ; life should be considered in that 
go into any shop where the men ^ay, or that any one should be 
are, or hâve been, more or less in- put in unfortunate conditions that 
terested in organization and they another might be successful, and 
can soon be picked out ; they will that the common estimation of the 
give themselves away by their usef alness of life or what is suc- 
talk which will always vary as cess is a f allacious one. 
eventg connected with organization The man who has acquired 
vary. wealth is the successful one as the 

It is from such that the charge world rates men and commonly 
that leaders are tyrannous comes. Advice points to him as the model 
If such men beseperated from their to folio w, and has not misfortune 
opposites so that their cowardly been made more commonly seen 
acts could in no way injure others simply because every part of life 
or they in no way be benefitted by has been made subordinate in the 
the efforts of others, what a miser- struggle to f ollow Advice ? Hâve 
able hopeless condition they not men in the struggle crushed 
would soon befound in ; it would one another as never would hâve 
be a sight to stir up the charitable, been had success been regarded as 
and certainly if justice was done something différent thau simple 
it would be so ; charity and justice acquisition? By no just calcula- 
do not travel together. tion can it be demonstrated that a 
^:^^;^;^^;rr;^;^^^ mau in posscssiou of a million 

ADVICE AND SUCCESS. (^^4 no man with less than a 

million is now considered weaitny 

Advice is something that a man or successful) came by it through 
Jn neeâ or comparatively unfortu- his own personal efforts or in not 
nate can get an abimdance ot having mttmgeâ. on >;\i^ x\^Ve> ol 


otbera by taking advantage of only worse off; why, worse off? 

them because of tbeir diiUuess or Because he bas to accept wbat ia 

indifférence. To eay tbat tbe un- offered and thereby grow com- 

BHccesBful man was ebrewd and paratively worse off as he grows 

longsigbted and because he ia, is older, is wbat bas forced to prom- 

entitled to gains received, is to iuance tbe labor question and so 

justify tbe bighwayman, wbo be- much advice as to bow it eau be 

ing prepared, supprises bis victim settled. 

and takes from bim because of bia Tbe "success" of men bas been 
weakneaa. made possible at tbe expense of 
Tbe Buccessful manufacturer the nnfortunate; "auccesa," as 
who watcbes tbe market and buys commonly underatood could bave 
bis raw material wben it is lowest ^^en possible under no otber cir- 
and reacbes tbe market witb bia cumstances. Hence, of wbat value 
product wben it is tbe higbeet, eau be Advice, to tbe maaa of hu- 
gains thereby to tbe loss of some- manity, to model after the success- 
one else, bia skill as a manufactur- ^"1? To aay tbat the Creator in- 
er bas nothing to do witb it or tended just such an order of tbings 
anytbing tbat in any way made *» e^i^t forever or tbat one cbild 
the world richer or humanity any o* earth ahould auffer tbat anotber 
bappier. Wben he takes advan- might live in luxury, is to make of 
tâge of the neceasity of men hav- Him a hideous character, it is 
ing emplovment and buya tbeir ™ore in keepiug witb reason tbat 
labor undei- forced sale or refuses it was inteuded tbat man sbould 
to pay wbat bas been considered strive toward a better condition 
fair or acceptable simply because ^^^ tbat those, who in opposing 
he knows tbeir circnmatance com- existing conditions, are atriving as 
pells them to sell at bis figure, t*est they know how toward tbat 
and where was tbere ever a body end are doing the work He intend- 
of workmen tbat from tbeir wages ed for man. Tbere la notbmg to 
could save in a lifetime enougb to prove tbat wbat is, in human re- 
change tbeir ci rcum stances, he is lations, is right, and tbere is much 
doing wbat wiU in rating him aa a by which to demonstrate that 
successful mau, but would not bu- mucbofwhatisiswrong and that it 
manity be better off if be never is a duty of men to do ail m tbeir 
esisted, and if such never exiated power to make it right. 
would not there be fewer unfortu- Adviee to a man, which be can 
nate men seen? And was tbere follow to success only by the fact 
ever a succeasfnl manufacturer or tbat be is an acception, or becauae 
employer of labor known that did otbers do not follow it, in no way 
not take just such advantagea to is wholesome adviee. We bear 
make him successful ? Was there men speak of how one reacbes 
ever a réduction of wages to labor success by buying land and bold- 
ordered wben the condition of the ing it, till otbers wanted it badly ; 
workmen as to tbeir ability to re- if otbers had done so none would 
sistitwaanot considered and in hâve been classed successful but 
no way wbat was their just due? noue would bave been nnsucceas- 
Is it not invariablysaid or implied, fui to the degree of being nnfortu- 
"I can find plenty o£ men glad to uate, We heard a man, who had 
accept wbat I offer," and why, glad? risen from comparatively a humble 
And doea tbere not generally come start till he was above and freed 
from that eame source of Adviee from tbe common e.tïMç,'^^ ^'^^ '*'^- 
the recommendation that it haï is\«Titie, cmi© ç,*.-^ '. ^^ cr«^ >^ i 
hetter be aceepted foryouwillbe aÂvaaceto^i.B.VYBç.'NCi^'^ ^"^^ ^ j 



employer hard, doing two mens' as to be a wage-eamer should dîs- 
work. His thus bringing himself pise, for it is based on a lie and 
to notice probablycansedadvance- lor a selfish end ; an increase of 
ment, but if ail had done the same the amonnt of work to be done 
no greater number wonld hâve never yet benefitted a workman 
arisen, and ail, probably, as is when made at the expense of in- 
commonly demonstrated, would come. 

receive comparatively a less con- Workingmen can be advised to 
sideration for what they did do. be sober, be temperate, be eco- 
To f ollow advice in that Une cer- nomical, be steady at work, to 
tainly never would change the strive to foUow the steps of a 
condition of existence now seen, Camagie, to work twice as hard, 
or in any way improve the social to obey their masters, to strive to 
order or things. If every wage- make their employer believe he 
earner could exist on one-half of cannot get along without him, thus 
what he now receives and proceed- guard against loss of work and 
ed to do so, one-half of what he they can follow ail the advice but 
now receives would be soon ail he if they do nothing else to improve 
got. the social order of things they will 

Advice that is given so f reely to be relatively no better off then 
workingmen struggling under than they are to-day, nor will 
présent conditions is generally of there be any less injustice in the 
a character that in no way would world or cause for complaint or 
disturb his environments or relative life hâve any less stings to it. 
existing conditions. Success as is commonly believed, 

The marchants of a town dépend is known only by comparison, but 
on the number of people they can ^^^ *^® ^^^1 success a man can 
fumish necessities to, people must P^iïit to when he dies is to the 
hâve certain necessities if they amount of good he has done the 
live, and the necessities of two ^^^Id by having lived in it. 
persons is more than the necessity ^^^^=!!5== 

and luxuries of one person, thus VV^GES ON WESTERN RAILROADS. 

the more people they hâve to sup- 

ply the better they are off ; it Among the arguments that wes- 

matters not to them whether tern railroads advance in justifi- 

there is anything left to the peo- cation of high tariff rates, is the 

pie or not ; if wages commonly sparing resources of the country 

received are more than enough to through which they run, the sma]l 

supply the necessities and it is local traffic and the long distance 

said that more men would be given f rom the centers of supplies. The 

employment if wages were re- arguments hâve weight, but argu- 

duced, how quick they always ad- ments of a similar nature advanced 

vise men to accept a réduction of by workmen, the companies do not 

wages, but who ever heard of often act on as though they de- 

their offering a corresponding re- served as much considération, 

duction in price of necessities? But, workmen who operate rail- 

Success to them they would aid roads tlirough such countries, 

by adding to the misfortune of hâve ail, if not more grounds, to 

others, while they would make it ask for wages proportionately 

appear that their advice was to aid higher than received by men on 

the success of others, such is a more favored roads, than the com- 

sample of advice in its most con- panies hâve for higher rates. 
temptable torm. The giver, one In the first place the employée 

bat every person so unfortunate must pay t\ie> \i\^ T^\fô^ ^Vç>tl \ife 


purchasea his supplies. He must wiil uot murmer. Perhaps that ia 

assume greater risks from !oss of the reason they so readily fiad 

employment, for the companies work. It is getting to be that a 

will not insure that, from being degraded character eau find em- 

thrown suddenly out of work a ployment more readily than a man, 

long way from the centers o£ in- who by his appearauce indicates 

dustry. He must forego the pleas- that he has sonie personal pride. 

ures of a home or hâve those risks ^^^^^^^^^_ 
increased in the ratio that the 

homeanditaaccomplishmentsadds IS THE CAPITALIST A NECESSITY? 

to his reeponaibility. He must — 

place his offsprings at a diaadvan- General Rush 0. Hawkins, in hia ar- 

tage in act^uiring knowiedge for ticle, "Brutality and Averice Trium- 

their life's work, for there is usu- phant," which appears in the North 

ally little or no opportunity for American Reyiew, for June, asks thie 

them to be apprenticed to trades. question: "would it be unpatriotie or 

He m.ust oftenlooae the asBistance in îll-adjustment with current faeta, 

their employment would give him that the raotto in our National Coat of 

and support them iii idleness dur- Arme ahould be removed, aud in its 

ing the years they are passing pltce inserted, ''plundering made 

from boyhood to manhood, ail of eaayî" What a question to emanate 

which thoae living in more thickly from euch a source! Yet we muât of 

settled states get an advantage necessity appreclate the approprlate- 

from, and are relatively better off nese of the idea, notwithstanding the 

on less wages. Hailroad managers fact that Bob Ingersoll assert^ that 

should consider this when asked "there is in our country no real found- 

to reduce wages by easteru direc- ation for this wide and sweeping elan- 

tors. It is for a railroads interest der." Let ua look the matter over. It 

to settle up a country and hâve appeara to me that no time since the 

men that make permanent citizeus birth of this grand Republic, bas there 

as their employés, for they are the been so much diseontent among the 

pioneers of the future western masses, so raany idle mon, so many 

cities. Sueh can only be had by tramps and so many dragging out a 

higher wage inducements than is misérable existence on the very verge 

commonly seen. of ataruation. While at the eame time 

^^^^^_^^^^__ a few are accumulating larger fortunea 
than the world ever knew before. This 

Corporations seem to think that state of affairs ia intenaif^ing every 

by employing the most ignorant day and I feel restrained to say with 

degraded beings in places where Shakespeare: 

they can use them at ail, that they "Alaa! My country sinks beneath the 

are making a profitable move. yoke. It weeiis; it bleeds, and each 

For if it is not for profit why else newdayagashisaddedtoherwounds," 

would they choose such men in The fact that we live, involves the 

préférence to a more enlightened neceasity of enjoylng the meaus neces- 

clasa of men. In aupplying men sary to live. Nature never intended 

to coal mines this seems to be the that man should star\'e. It waa the 

policy, and it certainly is not be- original intention that ail men should 

cause they cannot find plenty of live happily, and partake abnndantly 

intelligent, respectable miners ; of the ft-eogifteof providence, Misery 

men wno are good citizens and an and poverty hâve no natural place on 

honor to any community. this earth. To the end that man should 

The ignorant degraded class can replenisb the earth and enjoy life, a»^ 

be treated as they are, and they tniBhasçTONViaiaAiata'iaiftosiH.e.'ù'OaimSi. 


and sea, mountain and valiey, sunshine of any légitimât© enterprise. While U 
and rajn, foreat, minerai and ail other ia neoeesary that tbe govemmei 
natural opportunitieB for heat, light should project, construct and equl] 
and comfort; add to thèse tbe Datural new enterpriees, that neceasity of goV' 
adaptation ofmeanatoendBwithwbicb. ernment support ceases, as soon as 
man ie endowed, and thé question auch enterpriaes isin anoperatingcon» 
naturally arises: Why so much deatitu- dition. What foUy to argue that cau- 
tion? Why 80 mnch hunger? Wliy so tal is now necessary to the Bucoeaafal 
many tramps and idle menî Why such opération of the Union Pacifie Kailway. 
a continuai conflîct? The anBwer is Anyone who so maintains, neceBearily 
obvions. The proceeda of our labor is implies that the Union Pacific railway 
unjustly distributed— one claas of men îa nota paying institution. Eyeryone 
are contimially scheming to rob the knows that if the U. P. raîlway wa» 
other. The robber clasa are ealled cap- managed rightly it bas long been oper^ 
italists, or epecnlatora. They are pro- ated on niuch lésa expenae than the 
tected bj clasa législation, and are ar- grosa reoeipta of its business, and with 
rogant and relentlese in their processee judiclouB management, couldhave 
of naurpation. Without entering into ago paid eveiy dollar advanoed for its 
the inqniry aa to what capital is, and construction and equipment. It ie not 
how it is accumnlat«d, let us enquire the purpose of a Bailroad Company to 
■what capital does in order to maintain pay off ite indebt«dneBB. It prefe 
ita prestage over labor. increase the debt in order to gnll the 

Capital merely invests, spéculâtes, masses into the idea that without capl- 
and then it waite for resnlts; it makes ital it conld not exist, and thereby per- 
no sacrifice; it exerte no force; it as- enade the employés of the neceaaity 
sûmes no physieal rlsks; it raonopo- for cutting downexpenaesby discharg- 
lizes natural opportunities; it impover- ïng men and reducing wages. There 
ishes the world; it enslaves man and isnotan indispenaihle enterprise in 
compels him to live in unnatnral con- America to-day but what could be soon 
ditions; it is an obstruction in the path plaeed on a solid, prospérons and seV 
ofhealth and bappinese; it rons the supporting basis, more men employed, 
■widow and orphans; it devours homes; and better wt^es paid, were it not that 
itseperatea fe,miliea; it destroys con- capital conspirea to make it otherwise. 
science; it encourages crime; it intena- Capital ia not to hlame for the ad- 
ifiea ignorance; it fiUs our jails and Tantages it has acqaired and monopo- 
poorhousea; it makes trampa; itbrings llzed. Capital is the favored child of 
onr TirtuouB to proatitution; it makes nnwiae and unjust législation, and can 
liars and peijnrers; it drives men to enjoy ita présent privilèges only by ro- 
commit suicide; it makea drunkards; eorting to bribery and fraud. Cceaar 
it poUutes our législatures and con- hadhia Brutaa, Charles I hadhiaCrom- 
greas; it debauchea the judiciary; in a well, and Capital will be dethroned 
Word it destroya juatice, demoralizes eome day. I hope I may be apared to 
man and makea this worid a hell! attend the ftinerai. 

Does anybody doubt the tratbfulnesa 8. S. 

of the above? I think not, yet capital ^^^^^^^^^i^— 

is proclaimed the Lord and owner of CITIZEUS' SOVEREIGNTY. 

ail; the very God we worshipl Most 

people are under the falee impression ^i„ _jrfj,,„ Deiivtred B^/ore L. A. saia K. q^ 
that capital is necesaary to the employ- l.. Mny mai. 

ment of labor, and that without it labor 

conld not beeuiployed, and thetaborer Eowshall webringcitizensto asense 
would therefore starve. I don't be- of their sovereignty? Or, in other 
lol-B» one Word of it. Capital ia not worda, how shall we proceed to work 
Lry to the succesftful opération opon the intellectual facultiea of citi- 

, I 



zens ao that they may be enabled to When tbe repnblîo took it« Btand 

arrive at an exact compréhension of among the nations of tlie earth, and 

how great a beiag is locked up in the declared ita faith or belief in the truth, 

Bovereign citizen, ofthecapabilitieB for reality. and unchangablenesH of free- 

doinggoodorevil, ofthe dutiea, obli- dom and virtue, tbe nations of tha 

I gâtions and responsibilities that rest earth were startled out of their leth- 

I on the sovereign citizen. ergy aetbey read tbe new déclaration 

In stating this proposition we dia- "Ail men are created eqnal," drawing 

cover that it comprises an affirmation, no lines of distinction, simply and 

vîz: citizen sovereignty, with an impli- truthfnlly aaserting ail men. 

cation that the citizen, has no knowl- Waa the utterance of thesB words an 

edge of exîsting sovereignty. Henca inspiration? The tmthfulness of them 

the interogatory, how sball we brin^r ao apparent as to flnd a lodging place 

eitizens to a sensé of sovereignty? in the hearta of tbe people without 

We say tbat power and wiadom are fully comprehending the magnitude of 

tbe attributea of tbe Suprême iieing. its scope. 

What qaality of character ehall wa For the next ensuîng eighty odd 

I ascribe to tbe sovereign citizen as an years, action belied the déclaration, 

inviting base upon which to stand and and proved conclusively that it wa» a 

beckon the citizen to a sensé of his pleasing and sentimentat saying, and 

sovereignty. Surely the most diatin- the term sovereign citizen, for the last 

guisbed traita of character as brave, thirty yeara bas been a decoy; a delu- 

generouB, loving, truthful, in fact, cive bait, a mockery and a misnomer. 

every trait tbat goes to make up a Oh, thou sovereign citizen, wliose 

great and noble character. We do not tongue the Almighty Maker of heaven 

propose to deny the affirmation, citizen, and earth seemed to hâve touched with 

sovereignty, bnt it la our purpoae to the flnger of inapiration to speak such 

question tbe rigbt of any of the forma words of trutb, that sank deep into tlie 

of govemment, monarchy, aristocracy hearts of the people, astoniabing the 

or democraey to confer that which bas nations of the earth. Yet, thou in thy 

already been bestowed by a bigher sovereign capacity were too timid to 

authority antécédent to ail forma of uaurp tbe prérogative that rightfully 

moral or civil govemment belong to thee, to exécute the man- 

Moat surely man was created a sov- datea of truth and justice, as patent as 

ereign, and if be ia not now one, it is the light of the noonday sun. 

because of hia uncontroUed power of Shirking, diaobedient andungrat«fiil 

choice, by which he tbrfeited it and sovereign! Sovereign imp from sheol, 

ail haman gifts or enactmenta are seeme a more fltting and appropriât* 

powerless to restore bim to bis loat po- application for such charactera. 

aition, only by the work of régénéra- Who are the sovereign citizens of to- 

tion can be be Lord of this Lower day, possessing uncontroUed power or 

World under the Great Suprême. dominion? They are those that worahip 

' To the alien naturalization is the at the sbrines of the god of Mamraon, 

gift of the fédéral governœ.ent, To early tanght in ambition'a school to 

the naturalized, the tight to vot« ia a watch and riae upon the human weak- 

[ gift of tbe State, and one to the manor neas of others. Not only in ambition's 

] bom ia he whose right of suffrage m aohoo!, but in ail the schoola and col- 

I inhérent. leges and iïee institutions of learning 

The bestowalof thèse privilèges doee of wbirh it is the delight of the Amer- 

not make tbe citizen a sovereign, ican citizen to boast. Leaaons bave 

neîther does the withholding of them been tanght, lectures delivered and 

detract from the position to which he comments made upon tbe national or 

waa assigned by tbe Suprême Oouncil state reaources, the material prosperity 

before he was brought into being. in keeping witli th« "eïessiïîi. vïisb.vj.'Scr.^iv 


System tbat ha^ beeii as balnnil in ite ta the moral or apiritaal natures? 

effecta upon the body politic, as the In epeaking of the character of 

venomoua bite of tbe rattleanake teeth sovereigna, it cannot be said that they 

upoD the human body. Thèse baneful possess no good traita, op tJiat they 

effeeta of the past are apparent, isclear, uoeducated. Indeedavery great nui 

and among the more loyal aod patri- ber hâve beeo given the benefits of 

otic, a desii-e to ofi^t past errors hâve collegiate course of instruction, and 

aprang up and many of the oratorical apeak fluently and well upon many 

contesta ofgraduating classes, echools phases oflife that a nation 

and seminaries are chosen îtom aub- on to paea through. Neither do they 

jects relative to the induatrial question, live esclusively in the territory of 

Another featnre by which the yonth Parsimony, but dwell in comfort, en- 
are inspired to zeaJ aud love of coun- cased in the lap of liixury, eumptoualy 
try Is noticeable, and that in the erec- fareing day afCer day, with their hands 
tionofa liberty pôle, either in the ever open to the deeds of charity, aav© 
school yard or on the dôme of the to thoae over whom they exercise sav- 
buiiding, upon which the nation'e ea- ereign power. 

cutcheons, the national emblem floate Thia eau not be gainsaid, on!y about 

and flaunts in the breeze, bo that at three or fonr weeks ago op in Wyom- 

every turn of theachoolboy'seye, orthe tng, the Hon. 0. Depew, R. E. mag- 

maid'setheral glanoe, suchepaenlatory nate, cheerily allowed the famillarity 

and patriotic aentencea are heard as of a dead-beat to take from his pocket 

"My Country 'Tis of Thee, SweetLand 85.00, Lésa than ten montha beforethe 

of Liberty, of Thee I aing," or per- représentatives ofaeveral thousand of 

chance it may be '.'The Star Spangîed hisemployeajrepresentativesovereigna 

Banner, oh, long may it wave o'er the like himaelf, pleaded for a hearing of 

land of the free and the home of the their grievance and praying for redreas, 

brave." Would to God we were brave and the eame were retired to the exter- 

enough to do right one toward another ior of hia sovereign domain. With im- 

and be jUBtly entitled to the cognomen, punitydidhetrample upon their righta, 

citizen sovereign., aa sovereign citizena in their endeav- 

Everywhere throughout thia broad ors to earn an honest living, to bnild 

land of ours, men of wealth are ae- for themaelvea homea, to edueate the 

corded unlimited or aovereig^n power, ohildren, to live comfortable and to 

and the act of obeaiance that ia shown come within the acope of the declara- 

them ia more humiliating than was the tion that ail men are created eqaal, 

proatrate form of the subject before his with certain inaliénable righta, among 

Prince or sovereign of oriental coun- which ia the right to life, liberty and 

tries. the pureuit of happinesa. 

You eay thia la a matter of éducation No, no, no! This would conceed too 

upon the part of the masses for so do- much of the gaine whereby %5 would 

ing. Is it not a matter of edncation find their way into the pockets of the 

als3 npon the part of the récipient of rightful owners. But a deedof charity 

thèse reverential actaif the uneducated toamanwho makea bumming for a 

do thèse thinga through ignorance, living a apeciality, nor is thia an 

and the learned, cultured and refined, isolated cEise. The woods are fiill of 

weaithy aovereîgn tolérâtes it. is he not such sovereign citizens, exercising their 

alao equally ignorant of what conati- sovereign wills in similar acte. 

tûtes true manly greatness? or guilty We take men of the atamp of Mr, 

of self adulation? If this method of Carnagie and H. C. Frick, who own 

thinking ia tme, ia it not elear that a about seven tentha of the coal and coke 

différent method for inatructing must industries of West Pennsylvania. Mr. 

he peraued, from that previoualy C. delights in large donations to citiea 

'^m jjbt by a more perspicuous appeal in the sbape of readîng rooma, coatly 

they ^^^ 

If J 






libraries, entertaininghigh ofSdals or hie vote. I do notbelievetbat hedoea, 

giving coetly dinners, and dwelling for pardean epirit haa euch a etrong 

upon hîfl pet thème of "what I know hoîd upon the people to-day, that, not- 

about holding moaeys interest for Mb withatanding the corruption that eiÎBts 

poor fellow. Yet he does not hesitate and is made manifest, and he admits 

to make hia employés contribute to hia the aame, yet the love of party auccesB 

suceeBB to the tane of one and a half ie so great that he votée for hia party 

millions of dollars per annum. Yet, contrary to hïB beat judgement, to Bave 

Bhoald the poor fellow coraplaiii and it from defeat, proving elearly that he 

prefer to keep his owo money, or at ia a slave ioBtead of a aovereign; that 

leaata little more in order to live de- he does not assert his aovereign power 

cent, he ia quiekly diamisaed. Hère ie in the doing of righl, but helpa to per- 

a Bovereiga citizen whose acta of ex- potuate a custom that bae no bearing 

torting gain, enablea him to give large- upon what ia right or wrong, "By 

ly, and bas bnîit himself a narae that their fmite ye shall linow them." Do 

will serve as a mémento to future gen- men gather figa of thorne, or grapea 

eration of whatan American aovereign of thiatles? Look at the beautiful 

citizen cao do. group of U. S. aenatora and law makers 

H, 0. Prick, twenty yearaago citizen in the Hearat ftineral train, returning 

Bovereign clerk in a distilery, eeea fit from the interment of one of their 

to-day to evict men, women and chiU number, and their acta and language, 

dren, not even permittiiig them to en- unbeeoming to American law makera. 

joy the protection from the inclement The caaea of wine, the water tanka of 

weather, that ia aometimea found in orange juice, the atowed away barrela 

tha Bequestered Bpot of an old zigzag of empty bottles for an officiai count 

rail fence, and ahoot them down like on their arrivai at Washington. The 

doga becauae they refuae to labor at audacity of the party to expect the 

one of the moat diaagreeable callingB tranafer of ail thoae bottles, caaes and 

under the aun, and that ia in the barrela from one coach to another tVee 

bowele of the earth, for what hepleaeea of charge. Drunken sovereign citizen 

to allow, becauae of their refusai to do law makers, in modem days do we 

thia, he invokea the aid of the military read of any more disgracefoî proceed- 

power of the atate to aid tJie sovereign inga. 

in the exercise ofhis unlimited power We aaid the moat distinguished traita 

and dominion. of character ahould be found in the 

Another case at home, a few years true aovereign citizen, as brave, gener- 

ago, it was thought neceasary by the oua, truthfulandlovîng. Abraveman 

management of one of the roads enter- will not do any injnry to bis fellow 

ing Denver, to Bell ont at sheriff's sale, man. He ia kind and courteoua, BUb- 

and from the Btepsof the CountyBuild- misaive to power; void of ambition if 

ing, employés preaented a paper, the to attain it injures hia fellow. 
fiice of which repreaented ao much A générons man is libéral in princi- 

hard labor per day. Long they had pie, possesaed of that quali.y of heart 

waited for the Icading spirit to settle and mînd oppoaed to meanness. 
the8eclaimB,butnoredress, noremedy, A loving and tmthful person ia ain- 

Yet, that aame grand old sovereign cere and honeat in purpoae; will not 

oould give ?20,000 to church enterprise, practice déception. He that doeth 

and recently, while propped np in bed truth, as John aaya, ia to pra«tice the 

with pilIows,he donated $100,000 worth command of God. He that doeth 

of property to aid other inatitutiona to troth, cometh to the light that his deeda 

help care for and educate the aovereign may be made manifeat. That they are 

oitîzen. wrought in love. This then is the 

It is claimed that the citizen ex- character of the sovereign as deputed 

preaaea aovereign will when he casta by the gïea.\i Çiaçt^Toe, ^^nIi^i.ï^.t^ V. 



with the sovereîgn citizen, the worldly 
magnate, the worshiper of the Ood of 
mamnion, the lover of dollars, the 
UHurperof powerover hie fellowa, ihe 
unjuat Bovereign. 

And ehooRe ye orthe train Uie one 
most worthy to receive your persua- 
sive invitation as a base upon which to 
etand to exécute a sovereign will. 

J. O. 


* * ' From the laboring men, who 
operate the ronds the corporations re- 
quire ail that fleeh aod blood can stand 
(and more) at the loweet living or 
Btarving wages! Of the public they re- 
qure "ail that the trafflc can bear," re- 
gardlesB as to the flnancial embarass- 
nient, the loBB of homes or the means 
of life, by the individuals who composa 
the public! 

Now the question oecura about this 
way: Suppose the farmers and the 
gênerai public on one side, unité 
for mutual self protection, against the 
eorporate "barons" who operate the 
roads forthe millions and billiona they 
make at the business. Suppose we re- 
quire that workingmen be paid better 
wages, and bave shorter hours as well, 
80 that there will be more men at work 
and more money to spend in the chan- 
nelsof business. That will mean bet- 
ter priées for farra producta and more 
active trade for every Une of business. 
Then, on the other hand, let it be de- 
manded that farmers and the public be 
aerved by the railroada at a rate not 
more than sis to ten per cent, above 
the coBt of aervice; and require that, in 
ail cases, tbe charges shall bear aome 
sort ofreasonable relation to the cost 
of service, Let us eut down freights 
and fares on the railroads in the inter- 
est of the formers; in the interest of ail 
merchants and business men; in the 
interest of ail men, women and chil- 
dren in this broad land, who eat victu- 
als and wear clothes; also at the sanie 
time let usshorten the hours ofraili-oad 
workingmen, ontil about flfty per cent 
jnore men are employed, and raiae 

wages until about one hundrcd mil- 
lions of dollars more money perannnm 
ehall go into their pocketa, than now 
flnda îts way there. I would do thia J 
Bhortening of hours and raising oCfl 
wagea, primarily, in the interest of theW 
laboring men; secondarily in the inter-^ 
est of the farmere, making larger and ( 
better marketu for farm products; and 1 
thirdly, in tbe interest of ail business | 
men. I would then lower ft^ighte and 
fares, leaving more money in tbe cban- 
□els of business; while, through in- 
creased sums paid to railway employés, 
more money would he returned to the 
channels of business than the laboring 
men now hâve to spend on themselvea 
and familles. Ib it not plain tbat this 
would make better times for ail of us? 
Do you ask who would suffer by this 
processî I reply, the mUlionaires of 
London and New York would coUect | 
lesB money than now on watered stoctl i 
What a bardahip! I would provide for 1 
them less liberally! Thatiaalll When j 
ail laborers on the farms, in the mines, ' 
in the shops and factories, on tfae rail- 
roads and in the business bouses, meet 
at the ballot bos intent ( 
themselvea and their 
lésa respect and care for fcheir common 
ones, tImcB will be better hère 
America? We are ail in the same boat, 
and most sink or swim together. T 
divided we are helpless. United, i 
enemies will disappcar as dew disap- 
pears under the morning sun, Their 
power of résistance to our will when 
united is as the breath of an infant to 
the fury of a cyclone! Let us study 
this problem of three factors ftom the . 
bottom, and unité. — John Davis, M. C. 

His confidence in the people created 
in him a suprême confidence that the 
Union would never be dissolved. Jef- 
ferson afterward wrote, "The oont«stB 
of that day were contesta of principle 
between the advocates of republican 
and those of kingly power." Essen- 
tially he was right. The republicana 


CMuld judge of the drift only by what and of democracy. It has been nearly 

they Baw, and preceding history. imposaible for our historiée to correct- 

Could Jefferson hâve transferred his ally iaterpret the évente of thia form- 

Btandpoint to tliepreaentday, he would ative period, becauae bo intense has 

a oentary of executives act- been our worahip of republicanism, so 

ing with prudence and modération ; wrapt our joy in the possession of ftee 

but what the cnlraination would hâve institutions, that we cannot conceive 

been but for Jefferson, no one can as- car fouudere as in the least wavering 

Bure us. Shoold the States hâve as- in choice of judgment. To allow of 

sented pennanently to any sach Washington and Adama any bias what- 

congresaional and executive sapremacy ever toward forma that we now detest, 

as federalÏBm initiated? Would they bas been neariy impossible. But we 

hâve done so7 It ia, no doubt, tnie, as can get very Uttle good froni the study 

Washington said, that at no time were of our own history, withont the cLear 

there a dozen men in the United States appréhension that ths faunding of a 

who deaired that a monarchy be estab- republic was an experiment. Almost 

lished. But that there were many de novo the men of one hundred years 

more than that, of very able, very ago miist create popular institutions, 

wealthy, very powerful men, who de- That some of them should hâve laeked 

Bired a monarchial government under faith ia not aurprising. The one char- 

& republican name, is eqnally true. acter that stands out forever pre-erai- 

There were two classea of men in the nent for hia unwavering confidence in 

colonies ; those who fought England démocratie principles, ia Thomas Jef- 

only to ftee themselves from her for- ferson, Naturally men fell into two 

eign dictation, to whom the furm of classes, thoae of précédents and those 

government was of small moment, bo of principles, Hamilton believed in 

that the nation be independent ; and the Church and the State ; Jetferson in 

tâiose wbo were imbued with the new Ood and human nature. John Adams 

phiioBophy of humanity, who had wrote that the prospect of a free gov- 

caught sight of the poetic principle of ernment over flve and twenty millions 

human equality and fïatemity, and of Frenchmen, as they were, was "as 

believed that this could become a implicatable as it would be over the 

practical working force in a republic of éléphants, tîgers, panthère, woîves, and 

States. beats in the royal ménagerie." Jeffer- 

Monroe, writing as late as 1817, after son replied that the situation was not 

the heat of the battle was qnite cooled, so desperate ; that " the light shed by 

aays ; "Thatsorae of the leaders en- the act of printing had pre-eminently 

tertained principles unfriendly to our ehanged the condition of the world. 

System of govemmeni I hâve been The kings and the rahhlea had not yet 

thoronghly convinced ; that they mean received ils raya ; but light was sure to 

to work a change in it by taking ad- spread, and while printing was pre- 

vantage of favorable circumstaneea I served it couid ne more recède than 

am equally satisfled." Of Hamilton the sun could retum in its course," 
alonehiscontemporary, George Morris, "A ûrat attempt at self-government 

in a singularly temperate judgment, may fail ; so may a second or third. 

aays, "He hated republican govern- But as a younger and more inatructed 

ment," "He never failed on every race comes on, the sentiment becomes 

occaeion to advocate monarchial gov- more and more intuitive; and a foorth, 

ernment." a flfth, or some subséquent one of the 

I havo endeavered to brîng ont a ever renewed attempts, will succeed." 

Huppressed character of American He closed this sublime assertion of be- 

hîstory. The truth is that there was a lief in man with thèse words, " You 

conteat, lastîngthroughascore of years and I shall look down from another 

between the principles of monarchy world on thèse glorioiis ■àcJâ'e^si-ssîHïS*, 


of man, which willadd tothe joyaeven ianism. From the outaet this branch 
ofheaven." To inherit our republic is of government remained in the handa 
a suprême privilage ; it is a greater oC federalism. The last act of John 
privilige to be enabled to study the Adama waa to seat as Chief Justice 
battle of the moral giaiite in that daj, John Marshall, a sterling charaoter, 
that ended forever the Dei Gratla of but whoae wbole career was an effort 
monarches, and established the righte to force power upon the gênerai gov- 
of man, It is our duty now to see that emment From that day to this the 
the founding of the republic, ita trials. Suprême Court haa rarely veered ita 
ite dangers, ita causes, and ita natural parpose to sabordinate the States. A 
évolution, shculd be comprehended by writer of much vigor says of a récent 
every ïncipient citizen. It was my action, " Had the Suprême Court Buffl- 
fortune to meel a young anarchist in ciently attended to the purpose under- 
thedaysofriotandmurder. He hoped lying the Conatitutiona! grant of 
to be able to revenge the jndicial hang- power to Congresa over Interstate 
ing of Spies by ahooting the judge. I commerce, ita contradictory opinions 
sald, "you make one blunder. You would bave been avoided, and the 
ahoot first and Btudy afterward. Ooto national destruction of Stat« prohibi- 
the begioning of our InstitutionB. Oo tory laws ; tbia invasion by the fédéral 
to Franklin and JefTersoa. You will govemment of a domain, whicb, for 
leam to révérence the labor and faith, over a century, hae Ijeen regarded ae 
and love enibodied in American insti- within the power of the States." 
tutions." He writes now, " I will shoot Récent amendment« of the Conatita- 
now the man who aasaila thia sublime tion hâve a!ao considerably altered the 
structure. My only wonder îb that so original character of that document, 
few American citizena know anything and invaribly increased fédéral power. 
abont the repubUc. I love it ; 1 will But, above ail dangerous to democracy 
gladly die in ita defenee." To make is the growth of a vaat anny of ofQcers 
true citizens of the United States we whose dependence on the central 
must educate them in the éléments of government compels them to be obe- 
demooracy. This is not only true of dient and Bubservient to centralization. 
foreigners, who corne to us with an in- They can be counted on as men to 
stinctive hatred for eateblished inatitu- place their aUegiance to tue powers 
tions, but it Ib eqoally true as concerns exercising government above allegi- 
our own boys, and oar girls also, who ance to principles. The possible limits 
■willsoon hâve a still larger obligation of centralization fïom thèse directions 
in the préservation of their birthright. may bave been reached, for the Feder- 
But therc la at this day anotber al Election Bill bas startled the people 
nresaing reaaon for reopening the hia- Into an Indignant protest irrespective 
tory of démocratie principleB, it ia of parties. But JefFereon was not a 
because of the drift, since the Civil mère opponent of a slrongly central- 
War, which has carried us farcher and ized government at Washington. He 
fertber from the principles ofjefferaon, wrot«, "The tyrany of the legislaturea 
and threatens inadvertently to filial is the most formidable dreadatprcBent, 
every prophecy of Hamilton. Are the and will be for years." 
atatestiobe slowlyand surely enfeebled Our State govemments bave, in 
and was the Constitution only a tem- raany cases, become lyrannlcal, to a 
porary makeshiftî There exista on- degree equal to that action of Parlia- 
questionably a tendency to centraliza- ment that led to onr revolt. Inseveral 
tion that we muât firat compreheud, cases they hâve interferred with tbe 
and tben check with the jealousy of coUection of private debte ; and hâve 
tliose who believe in the people. The in ail directions so overlaid statutes 
décisions of the Suprême Court bave that simple equity haa become impos- 
almost invariably favored Hamilton- sibîe where not illégal. The question 


never waa one esBentially of the na- ( 1 ) Democracy, or the Oindamental 
tional government againat State gov- right of the indlvidual. (2) Decen- 
eromenta ; bat of government alto- tralization in both State and gênerai 
gether againet the liberty of the indi- government. ( 3) Economy, bv which 
yidual. JefFereoo'a jealouay waa for he intended to deny the right of any 
the f^lnâamental inhérent righte of the government to demand tbe money of 
îndividual. He oppoaed any aBBunip the peopie for any purpoae not atrictly 
tion of power, anywhere, by any body demanded for pubiic defence and eom- 
of raen, not striotly limited by com- mon welfare. It ïs easy to see wliat 
pact; not fullyandlît«rally deaignated wonld be hiajudgment of récent legia- 
by the peopie as the officiai duty of iation. ( 4 ) Education, for thia waa 
euch a deiegated body. From Oon- the idea that from flrst to iast he ever 
gresH down to Boarda of Superviaora, preaeed aa moBt important. In 1786, 
we hâve abundant iliuatration of the he wrote to Waahington, "It ia an 
tendency of officiai bodiee to magnify axiom of my mind, that our liberty 
office, and forget that they are aervants can never be aafe bat in tiie handa of 
and not lords ot the peopie. the peopie themaelvea ; and that, tooi 

But the danger to popular and indi- of the peopie with a certain degree of 
vidual liberty seema more likely to instruction. Thia it ia the buaioesa of 
auflfer limitation and mutilation from the State to effect, and on a gênerai 
an other direction. Dazed by the fact plan." Jealoua of expenditure aod of 
that we, the peopie, are receiving the centralization eiaewhere, he wouid 
most perfect service from national hâve the State an educatlonal as well 
poat-offlcea; and that, in a few other as politicalorganization. Mr. Hender- 
directiona, we are doing eo-operatively Bon'B volume on "Thomae Jefferson 
what individnally we could notso well on Public Education" ia timely. (5i 
do, a popular ery has riaen and gained Emancipation. On the aubjeot of 
great force in différent oi^anizationa aiavery Mr. Jefferson was a pronounc- 
for an entire upaet of the oid ayatem ed aboli tioniate. ( Q ) Feace at almoet 
aud a total aurrender to nationaliam. any coat, as eaaential to the complète 
Legialation aeema to many the final eacape of the indlvidual from bondage 
remedy for ail illa. I hâve no apace to imoeratora, He etrained thia point 
for anything like a reasonable diacus- whiie dealing with Qreat Britan, and 
Bionof thia momentoua danger. It ia, opened himeeifto abuse. But to him 
perhapB, enough to call attention to war was the very laet resort. ( 7 ) Rea- 
tJie fact that the moBt outrageoua ae- triction of the officiai service of the 
Bumption of imawarded authority haa Preaident to two terms. He declined 
ooGured from that aervice of which we a tbîrd term emphatically as unpatiiot^ 
hâve been most reaaonably proud, the ic and unwiae. ( 8 ) Toleration in re- 
poat office. Our public carriers liave ligion. Hia oppouenta charged him 
notifled us, that if our social and with being an atheist. He anawered, 
theological viewa do not accord with "I am a OhriHtian in the ooly aenBC in 
the views of the man whom we aelect which he (Jeeua ) wiahedanyoneto be ; 
to be reaponeible for an honeet maîl sincerely attaohed to his doctrinea in 
aervice, oup mails are cloaed againat. préférence to ail othera, ascribing to 
ua, There ia already a ceneorehip of himeelf every homan excellence, and 
literature. Shall we hâve aiso in due believing he never claimed any other." 
timea cenaorship of the presa and of There ia no other character in our eariy 
the pulpit? Thia has been the invarible American hiatory about whioh young 
tendency of centraiized authority. enthuaiasm raay aiwaya rally, and be- 

It hae been impoasibie to even out- corne inapired for the beat eitizenahip. 
line the policy of the greateat of Aa chaate as Washington, as brilliant 
American Btateamen in a single article, with his pen aa hia friend Patrick 
We may digeat hia great principiea a.a Henry waa with his toQÇ.'i.e., ï't^'sïsfiî^ 


stands alone, and uneqaalled aa the 
type forever of young America,— 

E. P. Pwvell, in Arenafor May. 


A joyouB ahout went up from the 
chief advocatea of the McKinley Bill, 
after its passage, wben the cable 
brought news that Europe waa filled 
with nimore of industries that had 
been ruined by the loss of their Ameri- 
can market. Waa that really good 
news for the American workingroen? 
Our law clones a European ebop and 
throwBout of employment thouaande 
of ■workmen ; with land mooopoly, 
costly govemments, dense populations, 
few opportunities for advancement, 
and a restrictive caste System, they 
bave io manj caaes to choose between 
the poor houae and the emigrant ship. 
That ahip aails, in nearly ail instances, 
to the United States, and her hunger 
drjven cargo— "the pauper labor of 
Europe "— is soon insharp and deadly 
compétition with the American work- 
ingman. Oh, but our dreaded rival, 
the foreign manufacturer, wtkom you 
must fear equally with bis workmen — 
havB we not put him out of our way? 
Yes, perhapB, but only to place him in 
a still more dangerous opposition to 
our best interests. He closes his fac- 
tory, counts liia gains, and goes neither 
to the emigrant sbip nor to the poor- 
house ; but he invests bis money in a 
syndicats to purchase American lands 
or Industries, and lives content«d and 
happy thereafler on the fruits of the 
labor of his American workers. He 
may curse and detest American institu- 
tions, but he must bless American 
money and consider that under a 
frowning front, after ail, Mr. McKinley 
is his chief benefactor. American 
toilers on Iliinois fanna, on Wyoming 
cattle ranches, in Colorado mines, in 
Califomia fWiit plantations, in Oregon 
forests, and in industries generally 
throughout the country are "pocket- 
ed " again8t"the degraded serfs" of 
pe, wbJJe giving their nardest 

labor and best skiil to beneflt the \ 
deteated foreigner against whom we 
inveigh during presidential campaigns, 
Is it a great national blessing when 
thèse gentlemen niove their manufac- 
toring plants to onr country, bringing, 
despite our contraet-labor law, 
wbole force of foreign workera, I 
wrenched from their native land by i 
the action of our tariff lawsî Is their 
arrivai a beneflt to American labor? 
In some very highly protected occu- 
[ïations a considérable portioc of the 
force consista of foreigners who fol- 
lowed a tranaplanted industry. But I 
the American farmer feeda them and | 
is benefitted— how? His priées is fixed ] 
in the land they lefC', and he gains no 1 
money by feeding them in New Jersey 
instead of in Austria, Italy, Walea, , 
France or England. 

It would be impossible, in the limite j 
ofthis article, to aet forth the Btari>-'l 
ling figures of foreign ownership of I 
American reaUty, industries, and ( 
porate interests. The evilB of thia ] 
ownership are generally admitted by 
leading men of both political partiee 
^anch men as Senatora Carlile, Ed- 
mnnds, and Reagan, Représentatives 
Holman, Payaon, and Oatea, and many 
others. When this octopua of alien 
ownership, largely imposed by onr 
commercial warikre on mankind 
through abnormal tariffs, oomes 
fasten its t«ntacles on the land, the 
Republic will be in great danger. The 
amal! freeholder, the mainstay of 
American institutions, will then give 
place to the wretched dépendent of a 
foreign landiord. That landlord may 
in time controi bis tenant's political 
actions ; for the true sovereign is the 
lord of the land, the man who owns 
the soil on which others live. In that 
day our immigration hureaus will be 
epying out the foreign contract tenant, 
as well as the laborer. 

There are so many ways of avoiding 
the foreign contract labor provision of 
the statute book, that at its best it can 
never be very effective. What con- 
tract is necessary to secure the aervioee 
of an immigrant who comeB to this 


country under the indnrainent ta worb fui arm over the sea and took away 
in the only induatry where possibly he oiir bread, and now, perforée, we stand 
eould eecure employmentî Suppose a bere at your door and beg for work. 

Etiropeon mill-owner ahould to-day We did you. no harm In the dear old 
address bis aseembled employées ae land we left ; we ate your wheat and 

follows: " ThÎBshop closes to-inorrow, porb and thought kindly of you and 

owing to the fact that the McKinley wiahed yon well. We see your owu 

Bill has cloaed our marbet in the workere hero clamoring for work 
United States. Next week I open a theniselvea ; we are their brothers and 

siniilar eetabUahmeot in New Jersey, do not wiah to interfère with them, but 

ten miles irom the laudîng place îu hungeris cruel, and thèse women and 

New York. Any of you who may im- chiidren sitting in yourstreete, dreased 

migrate to America will be given flrst in heavy, honest, European woolens, 

préférence for employmentî Mr. Ilur- are tired and hot and very weary un- 

ryem, our foreinan, is agent for the der this American auramersun." This 

Occidental Line of steamers and wlll is not faucy. Read of the flrst fruits 

give you easy ternis." Let every man of aprohibitoi-y tarifF. 

of them land in New York with five The Bureau of Statiatics reports the 

dollars in his pocket, and see the re- total number of immigrants arrived at 

suit, in spifce of our most carefiilly the ports of the Uuited States duriiig 

devised restrictive immigration laws. tbe période named ae follows ; 

Suppose that whentheygetto thetrans- 1890. igqi. 

planted mill they flnd the American Thr"e^rntn"t'endedM«chii;:: ^1;™ U'i^^ 

workers on a stribe against a sweeping ^*'ii= monilis, ending March }i, 151,403 jiù.237 

réduction ofwages; what clause of the I conclude that a very high or sub- 

McKinley Bill will protect thèse citi- stantially prohibitory tapiff in the 

îens from being supplanted by the United States is bound to force, in 

invaders? As 1 write, the following spite of ail mère restrictive measurea, 

oable dispatch may be seen in the ft large, unhealthy, undesirable, abnor- 

newBpapers : mal immigration of thoae who care 

"The effect of the McKinley Bill on nothing, and désire to know less, 

the mother-of-pearl workers of Vienna about our citizenship, an immigration 

haa been serious. Officiai reporte which is inimical to American labor 

show that out of 6,000 only 1,500 are and contrary to the best interests of 

following their trade. The rest are the whole conntry. I conclode, alao, 

maklng a precarious living as beat they that it will lead eventually to a danger- 

ean." our alien ownership of American prop- 

"Making a precarious living !" erties and to alien coutrolof our indus- 

Forty-flve hundred Austriaii fellow- tries and domeatic commerce. 

men will soon be clamoring at the I ara fuUy aware that those who pro- 

doorsof the American button factories, pheay that économie disaater will foUow 

andaaying to the owners: "Let us tbe violation of natural laws find little 

in ; lower than the lowest priée you favor lu our country, because the evils 

now pay for labor, we offer ours to of vicious laws are not immediately 

ewell your profits. Our acanty meana, apparent. Our country is young and 

gotten in a 'precarious' way, are ez- strong and, as yet, robnst, Like a 

pended. The wolf is not at our doors strong, lusty young man it can break 

(our only door is that of the alms- many of nature'a laws withnoimmedi- 

house,) but he has already fastened his ate penalty ; but outraged nature 

iiingsupon us, our wives, and our little overcomes thegreateat of gianta unleas 

ones. We were happy in our native réparation and amendment take the 

land ; we loved our homea, our inatitu- place of audacious and continued viola- 

tiona, our traditions, customa and tîon of her rules. The great steam- 

habits ; but you reached your power- ships comingu0Neti'Vw:V^ïp?j-'ew5a.i*Si. 


with human belngs in ail gorbs, bear- flaebing jewelB, lying ia wait for clîib 

ing tbe imprees of ail lands, speakiug men. A hldeotiB caae of depravity w&8 

ail tongaes, whether oomlng hère of in tha papera a day or two ago. Two 

free wiil or forced bere with no will, young women were arrested for aome 

are object leseous whicb cannot be trïtling ofTence wbile drîving with two 

ïgnored, and wbich may snggest men in a cab. The police diecovered 

thoughte of bett«r tbingB chan exten- tbat the cabman wae the father of the 

eione of tbe principle of Chines^ Ex- two giris and that the servant of the 

clusion Acta or revivais of the absurd house where tbey lived in pbame was 

nativeiam of a past âge. — HoN. WiL- actnally tbeirmother. 

LIAM McAdoo, in Forum for Jane. Many are the périls which bind the 

^^^^^,^—^^^^^ unwary American viaitor who atroUs 

■ abont the atreeta of London. Not the 

MODERN BABVLON. least of tbese are the professional 

blackmailers, an infamious gang wbo 

In the weat end of London the con- are the best of the modem Babylon. 
ditionof thingaat night woulddiagrace Theae vnltures are of both aexes, and 
anyenlighted community. Itisalroost woe betide the lucklese individnal who 
impossible to pasa through Bomeof the gels into their clutchee. He will be 
most fbsbionable Btreets withont being confronted with the altemativea of 
molested by acores of thèse wretched trnmpedupchargesentailingexposnre, 
children of the night who almoat disgrâce and social ruin, or the paying 
honnd down the maie paesers-by in of hush money.— Cftico^o iVeirs. 
their desperate efforts. The neighbor- ^.^^^.^^^^^_ 

hoode of the great hôtels freqnented by , . . „ 

, _ . . _: . ■ 11 - Aside froni tbia spécial question of 

Amencan tonnats are especially in- „ , , t-^ i 

*~.f j I, f i _ 1 \_v. profit and loss, we bave a warœ wde 

fested by scores of bunian wolves, who, '^ , , , . ■ .-, 

- .» . 1 .. » .. towaru the crow. ne is so mach lite 

in their desperataon, are ready for any- ^"'"*'" ""'= v.u«, ..c .o =v u^u^j^ =. 
... , - .. 1. L . - one of ourselves. He is lazy, and that 

thmg from persistent begeing impor- . , , . , , ^ . 

._ ... . __ ^ vv.' -.v is human; he is cnnning, and that is 

tunities, to garrotmg or robbuig with , ' _,. ... * , ., 

_, , .,.. _^ .. , human. He thmka hia owu color the 

violence— if the opportunity only pre- . , , . , . 

«nfittelf. A couple orwe«k. ago u, be.t «nd love, to heu- hL>o,n vo,», 
Amononn gentleman who h»d jo.t left '""■*,*" "^•"ttmU of hnmuatj 

, u T 1 - r< .—1 I j He will never work when he can get 

a large botel in Central London was 

suddenly sunoonded by a gang of 

abandoned men and women. dragged , . , :, . , 

,_,„ „ „„...„ „j uu j *■ _ r i> get "13 claws upoo, and is leea mia- 

ioto a conrtway and robbed of watch, * . . , , . . 1. , .. . ,. 

Jewolry »nd money ta . few ««ondï daovon. wUb ta. be ly fuU than wh.i 

indthenkloledtatota»nùbUlty. l><tagry, .nd th.t «, hko m.n. 

o _ 1 ■ ^ V i, J L Take ort tbeir wings and pat them 

Complaints hâve been made by.. , , * ,..-■ 

i_ _i™, 1 j-~, * .1, . m breechea and crowa woald make fair 

Amencan ladiee of the annoyance to „. . . 

_,..„. ,L ,. „ K- . j 1. average men. Give men wings and 

which they are sabiecied, eren when , ^. . __ ,-_, j 

under the protection of husbands, redace their amartness a httle and 

brothers or friends, from the imporl "^y^^ ^^"^ """^^ ^ *"^°*' «°^ 

tunitiea of unfortnnate woman. *"<^"eb to be crows. H. W. Be<tcher. 

The spectAole which tbe fashion- - 

able Piccadilly présents at night has If a protective aystem oould be de- 

fbr a long time past been a di^race to vised which would prevent the imîtB- 

this metropolis. Although it ia the tion English dnde, who nuls against 

main thoroaghfàre between the lead- Ajnerica while aboard, from retoming 

ing théâtres and aome of the most to his native coontiy, ail sensible men 

aristocratie districta, it is blocbed wonld vote for it 

every night hy rowa of women, decked ^^^^^^=^^=r 

aat la gorgeoua apparél and wearing "Art is the ahadow of na Hure." 

another to work for hiœ— a gennine 
haman trait. He eats whatever he can 



LEGAL DEPARTMENT. sUned inspection of .11 .pplLn». .« 

jnetly due to the Bpirit of justice and 

" ' ' humanity to avoid at least as many in- 

INJUBIE8 TO Bmploybs-Defective juries and accidents SB poBBlble. Courte 
Enqinb. Whero a rallroad Company, entertajn aomepeculiarideasregardlng 
in uaing on a reguJar freight triiin an tJie Bnffloienoy of an inspection. In the 
engine without a cow-cateher, la liable récent caae of AHen v. R. R. Oo., Mai- 
for injuries to an employé, whereby he g, q ^pril 2, 1891, where a brakeman 
BnfFered amputation ofaleg.whieh in- g^ed to recover for pereonal iojurieB 
jury reanlted ttom the derailment of caused by the giving away of a ronnd 
thetrainbystrikingacow withthede- of a car-ladder, by reaaon of the rot- 
fective engine. (T. C. I. &c. Ry. Co. v tenese of the wood, held, that plaintlff 
Kyle, Ala. S. 0., Jan. 26, 1S81. cannot be asked as an expert railroad 

Nkqliqent Inspection of cabs— man, whether in his opinion, the in- 

Defecttvb Appliance— Evidence. spectors would hâve discovered the de- 

In an action againat a railroad com- fect, if the car had been esamined. It 

pany by a brakemanforinjnrieecauBed waa ftirther held, that inapectora of 

by a defective brake, it appeared that railroad cars are not bound to apply 

■when plaintiff attempted to set the phyaical force to the round of a ladder 

brake the boit that eecured the chain on a fteight car in order to test ite con- 

to the brake-staff came ont, cansing dition, unlesa they see sonle indication 

plaintiff to fall from the car. A fellow of weakneBS. Hence, a railroad com- 

brakeman, who examined the brake, pany is not liable for injuries to its em- 

teatifled that there waa no nut on the ployee caueed by defecta in ite care, 

boit; that the boit was old and ruaty, unlesa by the use of reaaonable diîU 

and wfls partially rivited, but not auffi- gence the defect could hâve been dis 

clently to hold it. It alao appeared covered. 

that the car had been înspected at the Injury to Eailway Engineebs — 

station the train had juat left, Held, Contbibdtory Nëgliqencb-Rbview. 

that défendant company'a négligence i. Where the défendant, a railroad 

was properly submitted to the jury, company, niaintaioed and opratede its 

and a judgement for 82,500 is notes- track about 12 to 18 inchesirom a line 

cessive. Judgement afflrmed. (Paliy of telegraph polea, and, where the de- 

V Rome, W. & O. R. Co., N. Y. S. U., ceaaed, an engineer running one of the 

March 1801.) defendant'a locomotivea, drawing a 

NoTE.^The duty of proper and care- train, put hia head and ahoulders out^ 

fW inspection of cars or machinery la side the cab while in motion, and waa 
npon the défendant company, and if looking backward, when his head waa 

that duty be negligently performed, cruahed against one of the pôles, and 

and an injury foUow as the natural and he was killed. Plaintiff had been run- 

proximate reault, there ifl sufflcient nîng the engine abont eight days be- 

basis for liability in damages. Courte fore he was killed, and prior to hia em- 

bave sometimes excused the Master by ployment had gone over the line. Up- 

reason of his neglect to observe a lat- on the day of the aceidenthe was told 

eut or hidden defect, but this waa not to keep his head inside of the cab orbe 

Buch a case, especially where it was would get hurt. Held, that the care- 

ahown that the inapector euffered tlie lessness of the deceased was the proxi- 

car to pasa without a nut on the brake- mate cause of his death, and défendant 

rod, and held only by a rusty and par- was not liable in damages therefor. 
tially rivited boit. The vast army of Held, also, that where the verdict of 

crippled rallway employés thronghont the jury la manifeatly against the evl- 

the ooontry render it apparent to ail dence, and the trial judge reluises to 

âidi-minded law makers, and jnrista, set aside the verdict, it is the dn-t-i 'tA 
who interpret the law, that a rigid and the aççQXa.^ cwi:^ Xa *£< 


with the sovereign citizen, the worldly wages until about one iiundred mil- 
magnate, the worshiper of the God of lions of dollars more money per annnm 
mammon, the lover of dollars, the shall go into their pockets, than now 
usurper of power over his fellows, the finds its way there. I would do this 
unjust sovereign. shortening of hours and raising of 

And choose ye of the train the one wages, primarily, in the interest of the 
most worthy to receive your persua- laboring men; secondarily in the inter- 
sive invitation as a base upon which to est of the farmers, making larger and 
atand to exécute a sovereign will. better markets for farm products; and 

J. O. thirdly, in the interest of ail business 
! men. I would then lower freights and 

ALL IN THE SAME EO^T.—(Cont^nued). fares, leaving more money in the chan- 

nels of business; while, through in- 

* * * From the laboring men, who creased sums paid to railway employés, 
operate the roads the corporations re- "^^re money would be retumed to the 
quire ail that flesh and blood can stand channels of business than the laboring 
(and more) at the lowest living or ^^^ ^^^w hâve to spend on themselves 
atarving wages! Of the public they re- and familles. Is it not plain that this 
qure "ail that the trafflc can bear," re- would make better times for ail of us? 
gardless as to the financial embarass- ^o 7^^ ask who would suflFer by this 
ment, the lossof homes or the means process? I reply, the millionaires of 
oflife, by the individuals who compose London and New York woUld collect 
the public! l®ss money than now on watered stock! 

Now the question occurs about this What a hardship! I would provide for 
way: Suppose the farmers and the them less liberally! Thatiaalll When 
gênerai public on one side, unité ^^1 laborers on the farms, in the mines, 
for mutual self protection, against the ^^ ^^ shops and factories, on the rail- 
corporate **barons" who operate the roads and in the business houses, meet 
roads forthe millions and billions they at the ballot box intent on justice to 
make at the business. Suppose we re- themselves and their familles, with 
quire that workingmen be paid better l©ss respect and care for their common 
wages, and hâve shorter hours as well, ones, tim^s will be better hère in 
so that there will be more men at work America? We are ail in the same boat, 
and more money to spend in the chan- and must sink or swim together. Un- 
nelsof business. That will mean bet- divided we are helpless. United, our 
ter priées for farm products and more enemies will disappear as dew disap- 
active trade for every Une of business. P^ars under the morning sun. Their 
Then, on the other hand, let it be de- power of résistance to our will when 
manded that farmers and the public be united is aa the breath of an infant to 
aerved by the railroads at a rate not the fury of a cyclone! Let us study 
more than six to ten per cent, above ^îs problem of three factors from the 
the cost of service; and require that, in bottom, and vnjte.— John DaviSy M, C. 
ail cases, the charges shall bear some g 

sort of reaaonable relation to the cost STUDY OF THOMAS JEFFERSON.— 
of service. Let us eut down freights {Continiied.) 

and fares on the railroads in the in ter- 

est of the farmers; in the interest of ail His confidence in the people created 
merchants and business men; in the in him a suprême confidence that the 
interest of ail men, women and chil- Union would never be dissolved. Jef- 
dren in this broad land, who eat victu- ferson afberward wrote, "The contests 
als and wear clothes; also at the same of that day were contests of principle 
time let us shorten the hours of railroad between the advocates of republican 
"Yorkingmen, until about fifty per cent and those of kingly power.'' Essen- 
*ore men are employée, and raise tially he was right. The republicans 


conld judge of the drift only by what and of democracy. It has been nearly 

they aaw, and preceding history. impossible for onr historiefl to correct- 

Could Jefferson iiave transferred his aUy interpret tUe events of this form- 

atandpointtotiie présent day, lie would ative period, because bo intense has 

hâve seen a century of executives aet- been oui" worship of republieaniBin, so 

ing with. prudence and modération ; wrapt our joy in the poseesaion of free 

but what the culmination wonld hâve inatitatîons, that we cannot conceive 

been but for Jefferson, no one can as- our foundera as in the least wavering 

sure as. Should the Stetes hâve aa- in choioe of jndgment. To allow of 

aented permanently to any anch Washington and Adams any bias what- 

eongresHional and executive supreraacy ever toward forme that we now detest, 

ae federalism initiatedî Would they has been nearly impossible. But we 

hâve done so? It is, no doubt, true, as can get very little good from the study 

Washington said, that at no time were of our own hiatory, without the clear 

there a dozen men in the United States appréhension that the founding of a 

who desired that a monarchy be estab- republic was au experiment. Almost 

liehed. But that there were many de noEo the men of one hundred years 

more than that, of very able, very ago must create popular institutions, 

wealthy, very powerful men, who de- That some of them should hâve lacked 

sired a monarehlal govemment under faith is not surprising, The one char- 

a republican name, is equally true, acter that stands ont forever pre-emi- 

There were two olaesea of men in the nent for hia nnwavering eoofldence in 

colonies; those who fought England démocratie prineiplea, is Thomas Jef- 

onlv to free themaelvea from her for- ferson. Naturally men fell into two 

eign dictation, to whom the form of clasaes, those of précédents and those 

govemment waa of small moment, bo of principlea. Hamilton believed in 

that the nation be independent ; and the Ohurch and the State ; Jefferson in 

those who were imbued with the new God and human nature. John Adams 

pbiloaophy of humanity, who had wrote that the prospect of a free gov- 

caught sight of the poetic prinoiple of emment over flve and twenty millions 

human eqaality and fratemity, and of Frenchmen, aa they were, was "as 

beiieved that this could become a ïmplicalable as it would be over the 

practical working force in a republic of elephanta, tigers, panthers, wolves, and 

States. beats in the royal ménagerie." Jeffer- 

Monroe, writing as late as 1817, after son replied that the situation was not 

the beat of the battle was quite eooled, so desperate ; that "the light ahed by 

saya : "Thatsome of the leaders en- the act of printing had pre-emioeotly 

tertained principlea unfriendly to oar changea the condition of the worid. 

System of govemment I hâve been The kings and the rabbles had not yet 

thoroughly convinced ; thattheymean received its raya ; but light was sure to 

to work a change iu it by taking ad- spread, and while printing was pre- 

vantage of favorable circomstanoea I served it could ne more recède than 

am equally satisfled." Of Hamilton the sun could retum in ita course," 
alonehiacontemporary, George Morria, "A firat attempt at self-govemment 

in a singularly temperate judgment, may fail ; ao may a second or third. 

saya, "He hated republican govem- But as a younger and more instructed 

ment," "He never failed on every race comes on, the aentiment becomes 

occasion to aâTocat« monarchial gov- more and more intuitive ; and a fourth, 

emment." a flfth, or some subséquent one of the 

I hâve endeavered to bring ont a ever renewed attempta, will eucceed." 

snppressed oharaoter of American He cloeed this sublime assertion of be- 

history. The truth ia that there was a lief in man with thèse words, " You 

oontest.lastîngthroughaacoreofyeara and I aiiali look down fronv kbr«&.<ss 

lïetween the principies of monarchy worXâLOn-ftieae ^wvti'ûs. ^ ' — -~" ■= 



of man, which willadd tothe joyasven ianism. Prom the outset thia branch 
of heaven." To inherit our republîc ie of govemment remained in the hands 
a suprême privilage ; it ie a greater of federalÎBin. The laet act of John 
privilige to be enabled to atudy the Adams waa to seat as Ohief Justice 
battle of the moral giants in that day, John Marshall, a, sterling character, 
that ended forever the Dei Gratia of but whoBe whole career was an effort 
monarches, and established the rights to force i>ower upon the gênerai gov- 
ofman. It is our duty now to see that emment From that day to this the 
the founding of the republîc, ite trials. Suprême Court bas rarely veered its 
Itfi dangers, ifs causes, and its nafcural purpose to subordinate the States. A 
évolution, shtiuld be comprehended by writer of mutJi vigor saya of a récent 
every incipient citizen. It waa my action, " Had the Suprême Court suffi- 
fortune to meet a young anarchist in oiently attended to the purpose under- 
thedaysof riotandmurder. Hehoped lying the Constitutional grant of 
to be able to revenge the judicial hang- power to Oongress over interatate 
ing of Spies by shooting the judge, I commerce, its contradlctory opinions 
said, " you make one blunder. Yoo would hâve been avoided, and tba 
«hoot first and study afterward. Goto national deatmctiou of State prohibi- 
the beginning of our institutions. Go tory lawa ; thia invasion by the fédéral 
to Franklin and JetFerson. You wOl govemment of a domain, which, for 
learu to révérence the labor and faitb, over a century, haa been regarded aa 
and love embodied in American insti- within the power of the States." 
tutions." He wrîtes now, "I will shoot Récent amendments of the Constita- 
now the man who assaîla thia sublime tion hâve also cooaiderably altered the 
structure. My only wonder is that ao original character of that document, 
few American citizens know anything and invaribly increased fédéral power. 
about the republio. I love it ; I will But, above ail dangerous to democracy 
gladly die iu ita defeoce." To make ia the growth of a vaat army of officers 
true citizens of the United Statea we whoae dependence on the central 
iQUst edueate them in the éléments of govemment eompels them to be obe- 
democracy. This is not only true of dient and subaervient to centralization. 
foreigners, who come to us with an. in- Tbey can be counted on as men to 
stdnotive hatred for established institu- place their allegiance to tue powers 
tions, but it is equally true as eoncerns exerciaing govemment above allegi- 
our own boya, and our girla also, who ance to principles. The possible limite 
will Boon bave a still larger obligation of centralization from thèse directions 
in the préservation of their birthright. may hâve been reaehed, for the Feder- 
But there is at tbia day another al Election Bill bas startled the people 
fresaing reason for reopening the his- into an indignant proteat irrespective 
tory of démocratie prinoiples, it is of parties. But Jelîeraon was not a 
becanae of the drift, since the Civil mère opponent of a strongly central- 
War, which bas carried us iUrther and ized govemment at Washington. He 
farther from the principlesofJefferson, wrote, "The tyrany of the législatures 
and threatens inadvertently to falâl is the most formidable dread at présent, 
every prophecy of Hamilton. Are the and will be for years." 
statestobe slowlyand aurely enfeebled Our State governmente bave, in 
and was the Constitution only a tem- many cases, become tyrannical, to a 
porary makeshiftî There exista un- degree equal to that action of Parlia- 
qiiestionably a tendency to centraliza- ment tliat led to onrrevolt. Inseveral 
tion that we must iîrst comprehend, cases they bave interferred with the 
and then check with the jealonsy of collection of private debta ; and bave 
those who believe in the people, The in ail directions so overlaid statutes 
dooisioue of the Suprême Court bave that simple equity bas become impo&- 
almoet Javanab}}' favored Hamilton- sïble where not illégal. The question 



I one eaaentially of the na- ( 1 ) Democracy, or the fundameutal 
tioual government against State gov- right of the individual. (2) Dee«n- 
ernments ; but of government alto- traliaation in both State and gênerai 
:r againet the liberty of the Indi- government. ( 3 ) Economy, bv which 
vidnal. JefFeruon'a jealouey was for he int«nded to deny the right of any 
tlie fundamental inhérent righte of the government to demand the money of 
individual. He opposed any aesump the people for any parpoBe not atrlctly 
tion of power, anywhere, by any body demanded for public defence and com- 
of meo, not atrictly limited by com- mon welfare. It is eaay to see what 
pact; not flillyandlit«rally desig^nated wouldbe hisjudgment of récent legie- 
by the people as the officiai duty of lation. ( 4 ) Education, for this was 
anch a delegated body. From Oon- the idea that from flrst to laat he ever 
gresH dowQ to Boards of Supervisors, preased ae moet important. In 17S0, 
■wehave abondant illustration of the he wrote to Washington, "It is an 
tendency of officiai bodiee to magnify axiom of my mind, that our liberty 
office, and forget that they are servante can never be safe bat in the handa of 
and not lorde of the people. the people themeelves ; and that, tooi 

But the danger to popular and indi- of the people with a certain degree of 
"vidual liberty seems more likely to instruction. This it ia the business of 
enfFer limitation and mutilation ftom the State to effect, and on a gênerai 
another direction. Dazed bythe fe«t plan." Jealous of expenditure and of 
that we, the people, are receiving the centralization elsewhere, he would 
moab perfect service from national hâve the State an educational as well 
poBt-offlccB; and that, in a few other ae politicalorganization. Mr. Hender- 
directiona, we are doing co-operatively Bon'9 volume on "Thomas Jefferson 
what individnally wecould not ao well on Public Education" ia timely. (5) 
do, a popular cry has risen and gained Emancipation. On the Bubject of 
great force in différent oi^anizations slavery Mr. Jefferson was a pronounc- 
for an entire upset of the old System ed abolitionists. ( fl ( Peace at almost 
aud a total aurrender to nationalism. any cost, as easential to the complète 
L^slation aeems to many the final escape of the individual from bondage 
remedy for ail ills. I hâve no space to imuerators. He strained this point 
for anything like a reasonable diacus- while dealing with Great Britan, and 
frion of this momentouB danger. It is, opened himselfto abuse. But to him 
perhftps, enough to call attention to war was the very last reaort. (, 7 ) Res- 
the fact that the most outrageous as- triction of the officiai service of the 
Bumption of unawarded authority has Président to two terms, He declined 
occured from that service of which we a tbird term emphatically as unpatriot- 
have been most reasonably proud, the ic and unwise. ( 8 ) Toleration in re- 
poat office. Our public carriers hâve ligion. TTis opponenta charged him 
notitied us, that if our social and with being an atheiat, He answered, 
theological views do not accord with "I am a Christian in the only sensé in 
the viewa of the man whom we seleot whioh he ( Jesua ) wished anyone to be ; 
to be responslble for an bonest mail aincerely attached to his doctrtnea in 
service, our mails are elosed against. préférence to ail othera, ascribing to 
TiB. There is already a censorahip of himself every human excellence, and 
literatnre. Shall we hâve alao in due believing henever claimed any other." 
time a censorahip of the presa and of Tberc ia noothercharacter inourearly 
the pulpit? This has been the invarible American history about which young 
tendency of centralized authority. enthuaiaam may always rally, and be- 

It bas been impossible ta evcn out- corne inspired for the beat citizenahip. 
line the policy of the greatcst of Aa chaste aa Washington, aa brilliant 
American atat^BRien in a aingle article, with hia pen aa hia friend Patrick 
We may digeat his great principles as Henry waa mth bA& tavisgife, Sfc'Sswj 



stands alone, and nneqaalled as the 
type forever of young America. — 

E. P. Fowell, m Arena for May. 


A joyons shont went up from the 
chief advocatea of the MoKinley Bill, 
after îts passage, when the cable 
brought news that Europe was Blled 
with rumorB of industries that had 
been ruined by the loss of their Ameri- 
can nwirket. Was that really good 
news for the American workingmen? 
Onr law closes a European ahop and 
throwsont of employment thouaands 
of workmen ; with land monopoly, 
costly govemments, dense populations, 
few opportunities for advaneement, 
and a. restrictive caste System, they 
hâve in many cases to choose between 
the poor house and the emigrant shîp. 
That Bhip saOe, in nearly ail instances, 
to the United States, and her hunger 
drlven cargo— "the pauper labor of 
Europe"— is soon in sharp and deadly 
compétition witli the American work- 
ingman. Oh, but onr dreaded rival, 
the foreign manufacturer, whoœ you 
must fear equally with hia workmen— 
hâve we not put him out of our wayî 
Yes, perhaps, but only to place him in 
a still more dangeroua opposition to 
our best interests. He closes his fac- 
tory, countahia gaina, and goesneither 
to the emigrant ship nor to the poor- 
houae ; but be inveata bis money in a 
Bj'ndicate to purchase American lands 
or industries, and lives cuntented and 
happy thereafter on the iriiita of the 
labor of bis American worlcera. Hc 
may curse and detest American institu- 
tions, but he muHt bless American 
money and consider that under a 
frowning front, after ail, Mr. McKinley 
ia bis cbief benefactor. Amerîcau 
toilera on Illinois farma, on Wyoraing 
cattle ranches, in Colorado mines, in 
Califoruia fVuit plantations, in Oregon 
forests, and in industries generally 
throughout the coantry are "pocket- 
ed " against " the degraded serfs " of 
while giviag their bardest 

labor and best akill to beneflt the 
detested foreigner againat whom we 
inveigh during presidential campaigns. 
Is it a great national blesaing when 
thèse gentlemen move their manufac- 
toring planta to our country, bringing, 
deapite our contract-labor law, a 
wbole force of foreign workera, 
wrencbed JVom their native land by 
the action of our tarifF laws? la their 
arrivai a beneât to American labor? -y 
In Bome very highly proteoted oo 
pations a considérable portion of tbe I 
force consista of foreigners who fol- 
lowed a transplanted induatry. But | 
the American farmer feeds them and f 
ia beuefltted— how? His priées is fixed 
in the land they left, and he gains 
money by feeding them in New Jersey | 
instead of in Austria, Italy, Walea, i 
France or England. 

It would be impossible, in the limita ] 
ofthis article, to set fortb the start-'' 
ling figures of foreign ownersliip of ] 
American reaiity, industries, and cor- . 
porat* interests. The evila of this 
ownership are generally admitted by 
leading men of both politieal parties 
— Buch men as Senatora Cariile, Ed- 
munds, and Reagan, Représentatives 
Holman, Payaon, and Dates, and many 
otbers. Wben this octopus of alien 
ownership, largely imposed by our 
commercial warfare on mankind 
through abnormal tariËlB, cornes to 
fasten its tentacles on the land, the 
Bepublic will be in great danger. The 
small freeholder, the mainatay of 
American institutions, will then give 
place to the wretched dépendent of a 
foreign landlord. That landlord may 
in time control his tenant's politieal 
actions ; for the true sovereign is the 
lord of the land, the man who owns 
the soi! on which othera live. In that 
day our immigration bureaus will be 
epying out the foreign contract tenant, 
as well as the laborer. 

There are so many ways of avoiding 
the foreign contract labor provision of 
the atatute book, that at its beat it can 
never be very effective. What con- 
tract is necessary to secure the servicea 
of an immigrant who cornes to this 

I feu 

b oni 

I lac 

fc tlo 


conntry under the inducement to woik ftil arm over the sea and took away 
in the only induatry where pOBsibly he our bread, and now, perforée, we stand 
could Becure employmentî Suppose a hère at your door and beg for work. 
Eiiropeon miU-owner shoold to-day We did yoii no harm in the dear old 
addrees hie aueembled employées as land we left ; we ate your wheat and 
followB : " This ahop closes to-morrow, pork and thought kindly of you and 
owing to the fact that the McKinley wiahed yon well. We see your own 
Bill has closed our market in the workers hère clamoring for work 
TJnited States. Next week I open a themaelves ; we are their brothera and 
aimilar establishment in New Jersey, do not wish to interfère with them, but 
ten miles from the lauding place in hunger û cruel, and thèse women and 
New York. Any of you who may im- children sîttingin youratreets, dresaed 
migrate to Amerioa will be given flrst in heavy, honeet, European woolens, 
préférence for employraent. Mr. Hnr- are tired and bot and very weary un- 
ryem, onr foreman, is agent for the der thia American summer sun." Thia 
Ocoidenbil Line of steamera and wïll is not fancy. Eead of the flrst fruits 
give you easy terms." Let every man of a prohibitory tariff. 
of them land in New York with flve Tbe Bureau of 8 tatistics reports the 
dollars in his pocket, and see the re- total number of immigrants arrived at 
Bult, in spite of our moat carefully the porte of tbe United Statea during 
deviaed restrictive immigration laws. tlie période named as followa : 
Suppose that when they get to the trans- lajo ,39] 

planttd mlll they Itad tb. Amerlc.n SS^noi'.Mim^.h,,::. gS & 
workers on aatrike againat a sweeping Nuiemonihs.ending Marchai, 354,403 316.237 
réduction of wages ; what clause of the I conclude that a very high or sub* 
McKinley Bill will protect thèse citi- stantially prohibitory tariff in the 
zens from being supplanted by the United States is bound to force, in 
invadersî As I write, the foUowing splte of ail mère restrictive meaaures, 
cable dispatch may be seen in the a large, unhealthy, undesirable, abnor- 
mewapapers ; mal immigration of tfaose who care 

" The effect of tbe McKinley Bill on nothing, and deaire to know less, 
tbe mother-of-peari workers of Vienna about our oitizenship, an immigration 
lias been serions. OfBcJal reporte which is iniraical to American labor 
flhow that ont of 6,000 only 1,500 are and contrary to the best interesta of 
ibllowing their trade. Tbe reat are tbe whole conntry. I conclude, alao, 
makingaprecariouslivingaabestthey that it will lead eventually to a danger- 
<tan." our alien ownership of American prop- 

" Making a preoarious living !" ertiea and to alien control of our indus- 
Porty-flve hundred Austrian fellow- tries and domestic commerce. 
men will soon be clamoring at tbe I ara fully aware that tboae who pro- 
doors of the American button faecories, phesy that économie disaster will follow 
and saying to tbe owners: "Let us the violation of natural lawa find little 
In ; lower than the lowest priée you favor in our country, because the evils 
now pay for labor, we offer ours to of vicions lawa are not immediately 
BweU your profite. Our scanty meana, apparent. Our country ia young and 
gotten in a ' precarioua ' way, are ex- strong and, as yet, robust, Like a 
pended. The wolf is not at our doors strong, luaty young man it eau break 
(onr only door is that of the aime- many of nature's laws withnoimmedi- 
bouae,] but be has already fïtstened hls ate penalty ; but outraged nature 
fengsoponus, ourwives, and our little overcomes thegreatest of giantsunlesa 
ones. We were happy in our native réparation and amendment take the 
land; we loved our homes, our inslitn- place ofandaciouaandcontinued viola- 
tions, our traditions, ctistoms and tion of her rules. The great steam- 
but you reached your power- shipscomingupNeijXiyt'fi.îï's^'çatiïtsSi. 



with human beings in ail garbs, bear- flashing Jewels, lying in wait for club 
ing the impress of ail lands, speaking men. A hideoos case of depraviiy wa» 
ail tongaes, whether coming hère of in the papers a day or two ago. Two 
tree will or forced hère with no will, young women were arrested for some 
are object lessons which cannot be trifling ofifence while driving with two 
ignored, and which may suggest men in a cab. The police discovered 
thoughts of better things than exten- that the cabman was the father of the 
sions of the principle of Ohinese Ex- two girls and that the servant of the 
clusion Acts or revivais of the absurd house where they lived in shame was 
nativeism of a past âge.— HoN. WiL- actually their mother. 
LiAM McAdoo, in Forum for June. Many are the périls which bind the 

^^,^^^_^,_^^_^_^^^_^^__^ unwary American visiter who stroUs 

about the streets of London. Not the 
MODERN BABYLON. least of thèse are the professional 

blackmailers, an infamious gang who 

In the west end of London the con- are the best of the modem Babylon. 
dition of things at night would disgrâce Thèse vultures are of both sexes, and 
any enlighted community. It is almost woe betide the luckless individual who 
impossible to pass through some of the gets into their clutches. He will be 
most fashionable streets without being confronted with the alternatives of 
molested by scores of thèse wretched tmmpedup charges en tailingexposure, 
children of the night who almost disgrâce and social ruin, or the paying 
hound down the maie passers-by in of hush money.— O/iicogfo News, 
their desperate efforts. The neighbor- , 

hoods of the great hôtels frequented by . . , « 

American touriste are especlally in- ^f * ^"^ *^" "P* l"^*^*"^.^ 
festedby scores of human wolves, who, profit and loss, we haye a warm side 

. i.,_ . j !.. -1 « toward the crow, he is so much like 

in their desperation, are ready for any- *'""'* ^ ^ ^ "^' xr . , ^ x^ T 

.,. « 'i-i-u •• one of ourselves. He is lazy, and that 

thmg from persistent begging impor- . , ^ . . . ^ ^^ a. . 

. .?. ^ , ,. uvT -i-i. is human; he is cunning, and that is 

tunities, to garroting or robbmg with , i x, . i i. . i xi_ 

violence-if the opportunity only pre- t'''^'^. ,^ lu u^ • 

sente iteelf. A couple of weeksagoan best and loves to hearhisown voice, 

. . . 1 1. 1- j . i. 1 xiÉ. which are emment traits of humanity. 

Amencan gentleman who had lust left ^ .„ ,_ i i. j. 

a large hôtel in Central London wa« ^^ ^" °«^«"' ^^* ^^f'' ^^ «*" ?«* 
suddenly surrounded by a gang of another to woA for him-a genume 
abandoned men and women, dragged ^""f^ *^*- ^^ "^^ whatever hecan 
into a courtway and robbed of wateh, S^* ^ ''^^t u^Tl, " « „1 T' 
jewelry and money in a few seconds, ^^«^«"^^ ^f ?»" ^]^l ^^ **>*" ^*»«'^ 

and then kicked into insensibility. ^^8^' ^1*^''* \« ^^^ "^f' , ,, 

n«w,«i«;«*^« !.«, ^ u / u Take oflF their wings and put them 

Oomplamts hâve been made by,^ , , ^ ,ji_^. 

A w,^«;^«« i«^,'^« ^4f 4.1, / 111 breeches and crows would make fair 

Amencan ladies of the annoyance to ^. . , 

^i,i,.u 4-\.r.^ « «„u-^ 4. j i> average men, Give men wmgs and 

which they are subiected, even when -, j., , . i-i^i j 

under the protection of husbands, «duce their sniartaess a little ^ 

brothers or friends, ftom the impor- many of them would ^ alm^t good 

tunities of unfortanate woman. «''«'^Sh to be crows.-S W. Beacher. 

The spectacle which the faahion- =:^^=^^^ 

able Piccadilly présents at night has If a protective System could be de- 
for a long time past been a disgrâce to vised which would prevent the imita- 
this metropolis. Although it is the tion English dude, who rails against 
main thoroughfare between the lead- America while aboard, from retuming 
ing théâtres and some of the most to his native country, ail sensible men 
aristocratie districts, it is blocked would vote for it. 
every ni^ht by rows of women, decked =^^=^^= 

mt in fforgeouB apparel and wearing ^'ArtÎBtiheftYisAo^ ot -aaiture." 



LEGAL DEPARTMENT. .Hlleai..peotionofanappH.noe. m 

justly due to the spirit of justice and 

■ ~ " " humanity to avoid at least as itiany in- 

INJUKIES TO EMPLOYES— Defective juries and accidents aspoBsible. Courte 

Engine. Where a railroad company, eiitertain Bomepeculiarideaeregarding 

in usiug on a regular freigbt tniin an the eufficiency ofao inspection. Inthe 

engine without a cow-catcher, is liable récent case of Allen v. R. R. Co., Mah- 

for iojurieB to an employé, -whereby he g q ^pril 2, 1891, where a brakeman 

euffered amputation of a leg, which in- gued to recover for personal injuries 

jury resulted from the derailment of ca^aed by the giring away of a round 

thetrainbystrikingacowwitbtbede- of a car-ladder, by reaeon of the rot- 

fective engine. (T. C. I. &c. Ry. Co. v teneae of the wood, held, that plaintifF 

Kyle, Ala. S. C, Jan. 28, 1881. cannot be asked ae an expert railroad 

Négligent Inspection op cabs— man, whether in hia opinion, the in- 

►ÏÏHFECTiVE A PPLI A NCE— Evidence. spectora would bave discovered the de- 

' In an action againat a railroad com- fect, if the car had been examined. It 

pany by abrakemanforinjuriescaused was further held, that inspectors of 

by a defective brake, it appeared that railroad cara are iiot bound to apply 

when plaintiff attempted to aet the physical force to the round of a ladder 

brake the boit that eecured the chain on a freight car in order to teat ita con- 

to the brake-etaff came ont, caosing dition, unleaa they see eonle indication 

plaintiff to fall from the car. A fellow of weakneee. Hence, a railroad com- 

brakeman, who examined the brake, pany is not liable for injuries to ite em- 

teatifled that there was no nut on tbe ployes caused by defects in its cars, 

boit; that the boit was old and rusty, unleas by the use of reasonable dili- 

and waa partially rivited, but not sufl- gence the defect could hâve been dis 

ciently to hold it. It aleo appeared covered, 

that the car had been inspected at the Injuky to Railway Engineers— 

station the train had juat left. Held, OoNTHmUTORY Negligence-Review. 
that défendant corapany'a négligence 1. Where the défendant, a railroad 

waa properiy submitted to the jury, company, maintained and opratede ita 

and a judgement for 82,500 is not ex- track about 12 to 18 inchea from a line 

cessive. Judgement affirmed, (Pahy of telegraph pôles, and, where the de- 

v Rome, W. & O. R. Co., N. Y. S. U., ceaaed, an engineer running one of the 

March 1891.) defendant's locomotives, drawing a 

Note. — The duty of proper and care- train, put his head and sbouldere out- 

ftil inspection of eara or machinery ia aide the cab while in motion, and was 

upon the défendant company, and if looking backward, when his head was 

that duty be negligently performed, cruahed againat one of the pôles, and 

and an injury foUow as the natural and he was killed. Plaintiff had been run- 

proximate result, there is sufflcient ning the engine about eight days be- 

baaia for iiability in damages. Courte fore he waa killed, and prier to his em- 

have sometimes excused the Maater by ployment had gone over the Une. TJp- 

reaaon of his neglect to observe a lat- on the day of tbe accident he was told 

ent or hidden defect, but thia was not to keep his head inside of the cab orhe 

auch a case, especiaJly where it waa would get burt. Held, that the care- 

Hhown that tbe inspecter auffered the lessncss of the deceased was the proxl- 

car to pass without a nut on the brake- mate cause of his death, and défendant 

rod, and held only by a rusty and par- was not liable in damages therefor. 
tially rivited boit. The vast army of Held, also, that where the verdict of 

crippled railway employés throughout the jury is manifeatly against the evi- 

the ooantry render It apparent to ail dence, and the trial judge reih»»R< *;jâ 

foir-minded law makers, and juriste, sotaaideywa'^ïSïKi&V'''^'^ ''''^^ Ç!.-oï^ "^"^ 
who interpret the law, that a rigid and theaïçeVsA» w(ot^.Vj^-*«w» "^^ ''***" 


andgranta now trial. ((HillWeh v, 4. In actions for damages for negli- 

Ogden City etc. Ey. Co, Utah, 8. 0. gence, intarest may be awarded c 

April 1, 1891. withheld within the discrétion of the J 

Note. — The maintaining of danger- jury. (Eli v. Northern Pae. Ey. Co., 

oue obstruction near the track ofaraîl- Dakota S. C, Jan. 15, ISRl.) 

roEiâ bed whereby employés and pas- Note. — The jury that heard the evi- 

sengers are wantonly injured and dence and Ihe trial judge who con- 

kiUed, ia a Ht subject for législation, ducted the trial was onaniniously of j 

Some States hâve spécial statutes re- the opinion that the injured employé ' 

quiring that certain danger signala waa entitled to damages for the broken 

muet be displayed, but the greater leg he suffered by reason of a, eareless 

number of the statea of tbe Unionhave and négligent foreman who directed 

no law on the subject. Notice and in- the work in snch a manner as to occa- 

Btniction coupled with a fair waming eion the accident. Upon appeal, how- 

is usnally held sufficient to cast the ever, the higher court applies the com- 

burden ofthe hazstarâ upon the em- mon and threadbare rule of law which 

ployé, which the law présumes that he déclares that an injured servant bas no 

assumed when he engaged with the right of redress when the injory is the 

master. result of a fellow-aervant's négligence. ' 

Négligence of Fellow Servant This infamous and inéquitable rule of ' 

— Damages— iNTiatEBT. 1. The neg- law haa outlived its purposee, aud 

ligence of a foreman of a gang in fail- should be repealed by a more libéral 

ing to block a pile which waa shoved statutory provision. Eecent legiala- 

against plaintiff, Injuring him, because tores hâve failed in courage, and bave 

it was not blocked, is the négligence of been derilect to trust and duty to the 

a fellow servant, although the foreman servants of mechanîcal and other in- 

had authority to employ and discharge dustries ofthe land. This rule of law 

plaintiff, and the plaintiff was under bas become so offensive to working 

his BUperintendance and contre! in do- people that a popular uprisiug wonld 

ing the work in the performance of be justifiable, and a strong effort made 

which he was injured. to eradicate the iiliberal and unjust 

2. Wbetber a négligent servant is a provision from the statutes of many 
fellow-servant of an employé who is states. This young court, af a new 
injuced by the carelessness of the state. should hâve been guided by a 
former dépends, not upon the relative more gênerons law, but précèdent bas 
ranks of the two servante, but upon been its guide, and this too, in holding 
the character of the work, the negli- tbat a foreman is a fellow-servant with 
gence with respect to which resulted a laborer if they are engaged in the 
in the injury. same line of business. The hasards of 

3. The négligent performance or a railway employé are many, and to 
omission to perform a duty which the allow the master to hire incompétent 
master owea to his employée, isatcora- and négligent servants ta increasethose 
mon law the négligence of the master, hazardsare not in keeping with the 
whatever the grade ofthe servant who progressive polioy of the law and 
is in that respect eareless. The negli- should be abolished both in spirit and 
gence of the servant engaged in the bystatut«. 

same gênera! business with the injured 1njubie8 to Employés — Contbibu- 
servant is the négligence of a fellow- tabyNeouqence-Obstructionneab 
servant, whatever position the former track— Evidence— Refusai. OF. 
occuples with respect to the latter, as 1. Where Plaintiff, a brakeman in 
to ail acte which pertain to the dutles defendent's switehyard, was instructed 
of a mère servant, as contradistin- to set two brakes on a moving train of 
guiahed ftvm the duties of the master platform cars, and for that purpose 
io bia employés. stood on the brake beams betweeu two 


Finding that he could not set reoover. Further, it was in évidence, 
one of the brakes, he ewtmg out to that it was not only the custom, but it 
alight for the pnrpoae of aetting an- was expected by theofflcereoftliecom- 
olher brake, struck a pile of ties near pany, that employés thus engaged, to 
the track, and alipping thereoo, was in- jump on and oËTa moving train. But 
jured.Therewas no évidence that before beoause plaiutlff offered to show that 
hejurapedbe looked in the direction euch employée did ao without looking, 
in which the train waa moving, or took or being able to look, where they would 
any other précaution to avoid obatruo- aligbt, or what obstruction they would 
tions on the road bed, but it appeared meet; this évidence was ruied out. 
that, froiu where he stood betweeo the Railway eompaniee ought to be re- 
loaded cars, he wae unable to see ob- quired, under penalty t k p th 
stractiona which might be aJiead or road bed free ftom ob tru t an 1 

dangerouBly near the track. Plaintiff the old coœmon law ml wh h d 
had knowledge of the cuBtomB of clares that the jumping n nd ff f 
the défendent company, in pilîng ties moving traine ehould 1 ab g t d 
near the tracks. JTcid, Evenadmitting pecially where the eu t m 
negligenco in the défendant company aged by the managers of the company. 
that plaintiff was guilty of conlribn- Defective Appliance— Injuby to 
tory négligence in jumping from a, Employé— Délégation to Anothek. 
moving train when he could not e&e In an action to reeover damages by a 
where he waa to alight. ahop-hand, whoee duty was that of re- 

2. That an offer to prove that, in pairing enginea, the évidence was fte(ii, 
jumping off the train at the time of the sufficient to show negleet of duty upon 
injury, plaintiff waa only doing what the part of the master to provide safe 
was ordinariiy done by defendant'e appliances for the use of ite servants, 
employés engaged in likeemployment, And, where the appliance in question 
and under similar circumetanceB, with was a chain attached to a jackacrew, 
the knowledge and approval of defen- used for many years, as the means of 
dant's offieerB, ie properly refused, aa drawing down the springs on locomo- 
an offer to ahow habituai careleasnesa tivea. It had broken before, aad 
and reekleseness which would not ren- broke on the oceneion of the plaintiiF 
der the company liable for damages, fujury, without apparent cause 
Judgement for défendant affirmed. other than its want of strength 
(Thompson V. Boston & M. B.Co. Mass. for auch purposes. ifeW, that the de- 
B. C. March 38, 1891.) fendant oannot free itself from the 

Note. Oontribu tory négligence np- negleet of duty in thia particular by 
on the part of the company. Hère ia reasonof having delegat«d the dnty to 
anotherfruitfiilsubjectforrailwayem- another servant, and that the judge- 
ployes to consider. Of ail the etatea in ment in damages ahould be affirmed. 
the union, Elinoia alone lias a a Btatute (Krogstadv. Northern Pao. Ry. Oo. 
upon the aubject of contributory or Minn. S. 0. April 2, ISHl.) 

comparative négligence. Railway em- 

ployee, inju8ticeandright,havearight We were in a saloon the other night 

ofwaywillbekeptclearof ail obstrue- reformera. They were ail ia favor of 

tions. But becauee of its custom to organization and would join in a min- 

pila Buch obstructions as death-traps "te if they thought it was going to do 

near the track, and the employé knew ^^e'^thered that to do anything 

ofit,the Court holda, that tested by meant with them to makeademandon 

common expérience, the injured em- the company and strike to force them 

ployé did not use the caution which ^'^ t»'''»'». Such talk as this injures the 

,««,n. of ordlnary p^d.nce ..Mgl- Z^'J^r^SS^lSZ^^t 

lance would exercise, hence he oannot heai it.— Tha TeUgra,-p^. 


4. A T., W. I.. CxRROu.. DraTer, Colo. 


DISTRICT DEPARTMEST. son. od» h» fnrmhed n. witi a 

copy of a aheet pubbsheâ at Grand 

laland, Nebraaka, calted tlie Democrat, 

DIUT HICT OFF1 CER8. ,u^ ^ „„ .-mirksd " to .how wb.t 

I.. «. W, T,». ^u..^.. !>„.„. (.1,. It lu» to «y abont oor corre.poiid.ot 

n ui ■> .1 ,. u ^É. V ft that place, who had roasted the 

D. w. p.. ilEfl. (.. Mii.LJtR. EllM, Kaiu. .. . .. „_ ., ., , ■ , - 

D. B. », J. «. .„„„. i,..,„.Colo. ■T.pra.ntativn'lotbeNebmikal.g» 

latare, from Hall county. The corree- 

pondence would lead one to believe 

EilIUic wiil tUoMfiir of tlm ilagnxine. that the Alliance had sent thèse " dis- 

J. N, t'ouiiK, repntable" representativee, but the 

iHBtv, Boom II HoClBlland Block, Democrat wantfi it diatinctly under- 

r. (.1, Itiii Z7M. Denvor, Colo, stood that they were sent by the demo- 

...^ .^^^,..,^^. — .-^^^^^^ — -.-.-,-„- — crate. This certainly reniovea ail odimn. 

eubwribers who are behind in their from the Alliance. It appearetbat the 

«Ubiciiptlon wlll groatly aid UB by pay- edltor of the I>emocrat waeoneof those 

InE up. représentatives. If the laaguage he 

OBCB in hia paper in referring to the 

A quarterly report in due from each correspondent be used as a. guide, it ia 

luMtambly July lat, secretaries ahouid aafe to roaat him on gênerai principles, 
glve the matter attention. He muet be a tiger eater ftom tiger- 

- ville. 

ïlie boycott on St. LodIb béer la etill 

on, (AnheuBer-Busch and Lemp'e). Ex-Senator John Henderson, of Mia- 

Tho Company hâve out a circular try- souri, in speaking to the law etudents 

iiig to regain Iheir trade by gainiug of Columbia Collège, Washington, the 

the sympathy of the publie. paat month, said : 

" When I see the thriflleaa farmer 

Remember our offer for Powderly'a leaning upon the govemment, instead 

b.ok,"Tbl,tyye.„ of,." w. S,'.Ï',ÏS4° b1.°''ffiî S 'oSnlâîg 
have a number of copies on hand yet. labor-unions against capital, becanse it 
Every one who wisbes to be posted in la not bis own, and complaining about 
the bistory of Hie lahor movement in the world ia unkind, the words of Cas- 
the Unit*d Stfltes ehould r«ad this ^«'^oJfectio^^'"^' *"""*' "^""^^^ '° "^ 

^ook. . ' The fault, dear Brntus, ia not in our 

stars, but in ourselves, that we are nn- 
James Hughes, M, W. of D. A., 231, derhngs." 
haa bwn convlt'ted of conspiracy and And who haa Henderson and bisliko 
oxtorUon at Uooheater, N. Y. An as- leaned on ail their lives. It is a good 
ucmbly of hla D. A. had some trouble ^'^g ^^ is an " Ex." Senator, there 
wlUi their employés, and on the firme wi" have to be a good many more 
requeBt, Hugliea waa called in to make " Esed " law-mafcera before the farm- 
arrangemonte for a aottlement, his er and laboring men get their righta. 
propoatllou was exuepted by the Brm, No wonder the affaire of the nation 
then thpy ptvoured an indictment '»*'*'e drifted into the conditions they 
against Mm. Hels out ou $5,000 bonda have with auch aa he delegated with 
pvudlug tho hi^iarlng ft>r a new triai, law-maklng power. 

Thls i» a oleur case of class Jualice 

aud KughiiH oluiply titands as a martyr Our eat«emed oontemporary, the 
to the Inbor caunf. He ca» regard it Neuv-Beporler, whose blackuiailing 
M au houor. Thero will probabty be efforts cauaed os to refer to it in seveie 
mort) who wlU Imv» tu sufTer likewise terme, repliée after the faahion of chîl- 
belbr» a JusOce lovlug people put a dren when they have nothing else to 
(ito;> to II. say, " you are another " aud intimatea 


that our conscientious correspondents 
are continuai! y blackmaîUng their 
"betterB," and wants to see a copy of 
the magazine Uiat ba« noue of ît. We 
would gladly fumish him with a com- 
plète ftle if we conld, for his perusaJ. 
Thiaeditor, who alIowB noone to "dic- 
tate to him," evidently believea in 
"Blavee honor andobey yourmaater" 
tliey are yonr "betters," their acte 
sboulâ not be criticieed. 

We muBt admit that we are not of 
tiiat belief. Many bardshîps are 
brought on workmen, either directly or 
indirectly by thèse same "bettera," nn- 
known to the company proper, and we 
speak for an organization whoae object 
1b to improve the Gonditione of work- 
men wherever it needs it, if expoaing 
the acte of a "better," whether he be a 
common laborer or a eniierintendent, 
will aid it, then esposing goes, but cor- 
respondents hâve been wonderfully 
lenient with Bome of the drnnken liber- 
tine job selling betters, the Neics-Re- 
porter would hâve ua honor. What has 
been Baid waB trae but more truth 
could be aaid. The Newë- Reporter de- 
liberately and wilfully laid in itsattacb 
on Dr. Pfeiffer. It now saya the Doc- 
tor ifl a member of the K. of L., tliia 
will be newa to the Doctorandmay for 
ail we know annoy him, for some peo- 
ple think it a disgrâce to be a member 
ofalabororganization, and as the^ewa- 
Seporter humbly bowB to that claas of 
people probably intended to disgrâce 
Dr. Pfeiffer in their eyes, but the Doc- 
tor is above any such. 

Our attention has been called to a 
letter signed, '' U. P. Fireman," dated 
at Denver, and printed in the Ry Nevi 
Reporter. The letter was evidently in- 
tended for us peraonally, as bis remarkB 
are addresaed te us, but he chose a 
round-about way to reach ns. " U. P. 
Fireman(?)" wants to take ezceptJona t-o 
our défense of Dr. Pfeiffer and make it 
appear we had made a K. of L. matter 
of it, aahe jealously exclaimsthat there 
other organizutions besides the K. 
'Of L. Yes, no doubt, and are alao 
ipable of blowing their own bazoo, 

but we wlah to aasure him that organi- 
zation linea eut no figure in it. We 
hope to avoid being ao narrow aa that. 
While Dr. Pfeiffer could hâve been a 
member of the K. of L., he never waa. 
" "U, P. Pireman (?) " could hâve found 
the records he aaked about at the 
ChiefSurgeon's office at Denver. We 
do not know where tbey are now. The 
publication of them was unneceasary, 
ail thoae who teok intereat enough in 
the affaire of the hospitai to wish to 
know abont them had the information. 
"U. P. Fireman i?)" admite every 
point we offered in favor and against 
the paat history of the hospitai depart- 
ment, but that the Bremen believing 
"anewbroom sweepa elean," wanted 
a change and does not like it becauae 
we did not. Suppose the company 
concladed to carry out the "new 
broom " idea aa regards the firemen, it 
would be knocking out a main prop 
from the B. of L. F, & E. There would 
be grievences without number ; what 
a howl there would be about "rights," 
"lineof promotion," "length of service, 
eta." Yet it cannot be queationed but 
what some new brooms might improve 
the service. "U. P. Firemen (?)," like 
many other, in hia haste to give a reason 
why a man he admita waa ail right 
ahould be removed advance the oiie he 
would least like to bave used againat 
himaelf, it being the one that troubles 
engine men the most. ConBlBtency, 
thou art a jewel. 

Geo. W. Vroman, chairman of the B. 
of L. E. grievance committee on the U. 
P. haa left off running, to dévote hia 
whole time te the dutiea of hia office. 
He in company with Secretary Fonda 
of the aame committee, are taking a 
trip over the syatem. 

Ses CENT0KIE3 op 'wobk and waqes 
~A History of Enqlish Labok— 
By J. E. Thorold, M. P., Iste Profeas- 
or of Political Econemy in the Uni- 
veraity of Oxford.— Abridged.— With 
Cbarts and Appendix by ttia 'Ç^-s . 


ProfeBsor of Political Econemy in 
Johns Hopkins Universlty.— Prioe 25 
cents. — The Humboldt Publishiog 
Co-, Afitor Place, New York. 
Thifl ia the flret number of the Social 
Science lAbrary, which pute at the 
disposition of the public a, record, that 
is invaluable. It is the story of the 
Btru^le of tbe Eoglish poor n^ainst 
tbe avarice ofpriest and kiug, landlord 
and capitaliat ; a etory told by the rec- 
ords of thousanda of court rolls, and 
stewarda' accounte, complied by un- 
conaeions historiauB who littie dream- 
ed of the taie the figures they so pati- 
ently added up would one day be 
made to tell. Frojn the beginning of 
the thirte«nth century, when almoHt 
every one not only posseesed land but 
cultàvated it ; when a landless man was 
looked on as an outlaw and a. étranger ; 
when the use of the common paeture 
wae without stint, and the arable land 
of the manor was usually communal ; 
from that remote date to modem 
timee, Prof. Rogers, conducta the read- 
er through the sucoesaive stages of a. 
drama whose motive was the cheapen- 
ing of labor for the beneflt of the 
monopoliat. And surely no time could 
be more fltting than the présent for 
publication of this work which, with 
ite spécial charte, clear type, good 
paper and élégant make up, ia destined 
to bave an estensive eale. 

ial and become aneceasity. Innumeti- j 
ouâ instances abused by avaricioue I 
employers ; was it vigorously oppoeed J 
to in the early days of Engiand and 1 
noostly forbidden. The flrst law of 
this kind against the truck eyetem in 
Engiand was issued, A. D. 1464, and in 
the course of following centuries came 
about sixteen new laws. In 1B31 wbere 
ail previous lawa abolished and the 
ËTeat existing law adopted. By the | 
Truck-Amendment Act of Sept. 16, 
1887, it was improved and enlarged, 
Prohibited in Prussia in 1847, for ail 
Qermany in 1878. Eelgium in 1887. 
The truck syatem still flourishes in ail 
forma in dcspotic Ruasia. In the 
United States are Pennsylvania and 
Ohio, the atrong holda of the truck 
System especially in the coke and coal, 
niining régions. C. 

The System adopted by manufactur- 
ers, coal operators and other lai^e em- 
ployers of labor to paytbeir workmen 
off by means of orders isaued on stores 
for proviaiona, ftiel and other supplies, 
in exchange for money is known hère 
under the name of the truck syatem. 
In every instance are thèse stores 
owned by employers or corporations? 
Frequently are sucb stores leased to 
other partias and auch parties charge 
often outrageons priées for ail neces- 
Bariea of life ; and in some place^are 
they connected with hôtels. This gave 
them in America tbe euitable name, 
" ■ '--me Btorsa." When canied on 
oomodatioa they are benefic- 

" A consciousneas of doing right is 
more valuable than popularity." 

" Expérience ia authority enough for 
a knowledge of natural law." 

" Society is the continuel effort of 
theology and politics to embrace." 

" One should feel pltty for himaelÇ 
if he could not overcome hla envy of 


"It is better for every one toeambis 
living, for whatever is snpported is 

alwaya at rest." 

"■The man who subdues himself will 
be so fiiUy occupied, that others* faulta 
will appear to be virtues." 

"When rich men are crawling 
through the eyes of needlea, politicians 
wil! be aquirming on tbe pointa." 

"Real knowledge is self évident, 
wbile ignorance is a consciousness of 
poesessing aU tlie ki\ow\e4ge thete ia." 


OORRESPONDENCE. "TTÎ"" °"''"' "J ' K" ""ÏÏ,"" 

theiB this uoïferl.hii mrioufl Gcand Office™ are 

HOTE TO CORRESPONDBNTS. friUre™ii'L'^'^*'not^"LTe ^™ te^rf 

tho " Sapreme 11) Connci] " rise op and tïplaiiiT 

,,, ,^ c, . ,, , , ,- ,-, bornes and poHit.iouB at atolie, afidpendin^ their 

eooà Judement m denling with oll gneiances 
teaier afttr yoii read ihâ ihe lietter. T' - ' ' 
t^tportunity ymi hawe ie the bett tiint. 




ot the BnmH. 09 

woUaa a 



are willina tio 

dmit that 

grlenmces UiHn 

nesofR. B 

WB, bntorKsniïH 

:i[|n ifl do. 

Il for 

ir th 

y ha 



fanltfi. tbey lik 

wiee havo 

Cheunnii, Wfo.. Jooa 16th. 189L 
mitor n. P. Itagaeiiu: : 

HttïB tJiB merabara ot the great '■Bopreme [T) 
oonnoil" DiadBmanWeBtthoir infaUbiUtjin Ihe and willins to hclp the opprossed aj 
Chicago ftNortbwesl«maffairI Notinanywoj' udi j rotuT jou to their action o: 
that on iateUlgeat and dificnuBinB pnblic eau wben tbey ffare Euch material aid t 
discrjt with the aid of a microBoope. nocra and firemen. 

The"Qran(iBB9"(ooghtwiththBidHOrinipnt(nl will the R of L. F. or H, of L. E 

It VDuld apveoi that the S. M. A. A. un tbe 

to the RaOrowl Compan;. No Kailcood Company 
-nlll tolerate a closs uf employées entérine any 
proteat against their mandates, if they sce tho-ir ' 
woy elear to do otlierwiBe. Wbatwasthe "North- 
weatem" to do in snch a dilemmaT L'ontïnne to I 
troLt wLth the switatiraen, or remore tbieeleinent \ 
"who were Inolinfd to "dictate" to a poTetfol 1 
corporation. Bat eafely thia oJomeat "woe in- i 
teenohed Ijebind " Fedaralion," An open rnr- i 
tue might proToke hoetilities. The " Grandeoa " 

Al.Br.NA, Oregon, June IBth, IRHI. 

lions to cease giving the tiens f ton 


m. But 1 wilJ not Eignse to keep th 


blotowathinga aa clearly aa my 


people ot Portland. East Portland and 

DHileas wHTes o( the world, Would Iheï objactT 

That wafi what the artful and «nmiiiig officiais at 

one great eity ; and again on tlie ISth, w 

old Portland ring iras ronted. root and 

Hmt one organilation, thronah thnir respective 

Some of onr boys worked Bnd yoled hard 

Srand (I) Offleeta. weru eauer and williog to 

Mcriflce the awitchmen through feellngs ot petty 

lightentheirgriponajob. Well. they 

they caonot on their real mérite. The m 

iathepast. The ■■Grondeps" adniitit. In their 

fellow that Works on Unkehadotia new 

OiB "NortbwBstem '■ aaked them if they, the offi- 
cShIs, put MacNeimy back, and Ihe awitchmen 

for three or fonr montha. Some aay he 

".traefc." Would theyi the train men, take 

Thisialoogoodnewstflbetrue. Myop 

their placeaT The train men anawered, no 1 But 

WBwil) aeehim back before the leaves 

heur Bome of tlie loyal onea made him 

if the Company would diacbarge nice présent ot apipe and a hondeome little Bnvil, 

tbeirplBCea ontil the -8upremH 1?) fonncil '• miuieon tho wimpimï'e timB, They will be aore 

ohould paBH npon the maCter. The " (rrandeui " ot a job wben he nuraes back, providin^ Dan 

accordingto the Inwaot the "Suprême (7) C^un- McMunn starled tor Eugland the a»t of the 

cil " tbey oomrQEUided the field ; as it takea n ati- tuonth to boo his arfetl parente. Our beat wishea 

uot protid ot it I zine. 1 notiasd ijulto a ftir in our depaitment ; 

Wo bave advocoted "Systflm Fédération" from iu particular onr foreman had on hia war paint 

the oarly begïnning, long before tbe ^'Suprême and aeemed bent on wrecking revenge ou some 

(?) Conncil" waa inaugnrated, or eren mention- one, andatter adiBgeut searcb ho imsiginod he 

éd. but it hOB taken thia " dénouement " to open tound hia long aonnht TloUni e\i.-a.w&. Vi-is^ 

tbe eyoB ot tho E. B, meu of the country. Let into a ttonl bu4 to -JUrt"*. oa WB0.1D. ti-i\*».. "*"J.^ 

oDrHraDJOffloBrsaîlemlstrictlrtothedutieaoî evlitetitls ^\>e crftpfvV ^3ih^ \àib '™*sk«». ™ "« 



[ sliould jndge to he a womai 

. prcsaioD on the oDperinten 

' fihopfi. Tbe article eliould be compile 

■ "ThoMan Politieal Parti. " Any (air 

laid the pipfii 

e U. P. 
', and was cellias 
ÏOQr laie oorreapondeut nanghty nomee. Now 
FïanJde. the hodcarrierfi woulit bave to 
yoQ ail oTer wïtb morter to make mattera 

thon yaa bave done ;oaiseU. I do not like U> edacatiou of both partiee waa sadlr iieBlec(«d on 

tell thtttyoQ werediscliarBedinTaeoma toi in- Finance and Labor questions. Tbe verj faot 

competency. Soyoa moBt be aROodboyorl witi thst our " saperintendenC of the U.P.Sboi»." 

tell «haï happened dowa Eaet. The wiper bue ha» been Toc tweaty years a faithfnl employée nt 

embarked in a new enterpriuo whlch 1 think in a the company, acootinte (or tts ïfflXI.ÛCO.OOO.M debt 

costly expanment to the eompanj. Ho ia en- of the U. P. Company, i. e., if be hos baen nm. 

tle. Bot oh ; what a fniiure. If ho is as hard lo pliei, no files, no managemeut. We hâve a 

awaken Crom hiB alomber as be ia to leam. the omali pièce otchalk left, and thinkwe can tm:D 

whlBtle wnuld not wake him in tke momlns. waa ont a fnv doieQ engincs witb it. 

be uleeping ftlong aide of it. Aa Dan ie ao ani- Oui mentioning of the laundcy in ont- former 

îouB to make a record^ I an^geat tbat be pat tbe lettera bas not been taken kindly by Cul Boao. 

"wiperoa a salnry and let hmi stoy at home. Ton IcnowaoULe peopledoa't gomachoQvaabiDK 

Somemenaet poid for what thoî fcnow whiJe and ara fighting tha ordsr becanse we bélieve io 

otbera get paid for what they do. Bat wbat waler elrolsht, Vos. "We bave a doctor hère." 

wogeB tbe gang wonld make if tbey got paid for he did not get a diploms from on inatitutian tbat 

■what they did not know or do. The fact i», a waa incorporated in IHSU, anii tbe dipluma duted 

good mao will not Btay hero if be can iHwsibly Uâ4- Ves, old girl "thie la America, with her 

get away. Well, you know good men wonld see grand freedom of tbooght and action," and we 

onr horrible blunders and tbat wonld neier do ; are eiercieiug tbat rigbt and becaneo a maa bap- 

ËO we wlll make ît ao interestîng for goud meti poua to be our foreman. and we, foc, bow tbe 

tbat they ^dll qoit and we eau get a few more head andsawthe wood? "Itbougbt in my ig- 

wipers and giTo them a f ew toolB and take tbem norance tbat"— Protectlonof Laboi belongedlo 

into Ihe ring and "' Little Joe" will not know the the repnblioan party and not to tho K. of L. * 

différence. WeJl, I moBteall at theofficoandaeo • * 8ome time ago when Joaeph Shaw was 

Cbarley wboaeema tohave araodefor liBhtning ftway on aick leaTeandChas.Corkhill was acting 

calculatlou by baving aérerai pereons short in in hia place he delegated to act as gang foremac, 

their pay, (rom tl.W to tl.UOO. If Chailey wos not a man anhîect to a swollen liead, bat as CorkUlU 

snob an ardent probibitioniat, he migbl bebetter wbh called to Sait Lake, onr boa», or anperin- 

able to calcolate. AU be an your guerd for the tendent <>t the D. F. ahopa, mn things 1^ anit bis 

ei-PinkertOD in the snpplj departmeat, who laaie. Reault^men oeb DÏgbt were worfciog 

boasta of baTing ooce giren sonie diacontonted over Ijme (or the growler, don't know wbich 

labnrera a dose uf lead. Tboae are bad acta. came Srat) the B. ot the U. P. S. and otl tbe rest 

I muât Bay a word or two for the hospital in of the gong (eicept one or two) got fnll ; oeit 

Portland. wherD men bave to take their chances morning engine room foll of corks and aeyen 

man wBitedtoT7:ihourHbefore a doctor called. ky bottle, ail empty in etore room in sbop. If a 

Drs. Beyina and Cardwell bad hetter tum tbe job person waa to baye looked yery carefnUj in tbe 

Doctors connot attend balle, socîola, oiieraa, ha-ve fotiud a béer bottle fnllof andertaker's de. 

encher partiea, etc., and attend to men whoae light, restingaa content as anme mm io their 

lives are hanging in the balance, at tbe some ignorauce. When the cat is away the Rais will 

time. Bnainisa on tbe road ia dull. The new vlas- 

steamer, Victoria mode a trial trlp a fow milee WeU, as thia is my laat lettsr I will looli orer 

down the river loat week witb Meesm. Dlllon and tbe paat six montha. Take it ail in oll, we are 

Clark. Tbe dredger ia at work fUling op tho doing bettsr than ia Jannary, aud muât report 

B few de- rany be," State facts. 

B wiper to Wo will bave lo make a correction in last 
manth'ï leCler ; we etaled the cause ol tbe wreck 

put on tbe weat of Shoabone waa caused by bad tioe. Not 

Ay, eo. it wBs cansod by nt 


nds fo 


Wb oai 

epot b 
Il Hpan 





u will heor 





«hiallo aud blo 

aad sand be- 
e flaw belng 

L "^ 

Sbobhohe. Ida.. Jane 20th. ISBl. 
Sditoritagaiiiie: j 

U Dse tbe BPBce allott^d to Shushone in the ) 

irofJray^^. Tbepanrsieaed Cni Bono. 


AnHBTHOiro, Kas., Jane 22, 1891. owu maslsr nierliBnic in mftkine maar i 
inr: improvemeaXA io and around iho ehoi» 

large steaiii liauuner for tlie blackemitb ab 


The voatber for tlie past month Iibb 1 
chlingeablo. It raina nearly BVBry dac i^,. b.™.- „■ ,. 
tMr> ara cotortainod by the pwple that dia ^^dTp n^n^^^-l 
wreal crops will be Bpoiiad, or at !en«t n greot " " """ """" 

dnction of marketahlfi valao of Ihe eama. It 

A trpographical error uoeured In tnj lest let- 
" >H the pricB paid to f oremi 

iter's BkiU was not apared on il ait 
Our old friand, Mr. Matlbeimer. paid na a 
in« Tiiit abont the tweUtli af Jnue. Calloflt 
nid boy. 
Ur> Clark, genaisl mnnager, and ei 
" " " the evpB 

tW8, it «honW rend ttree in plaça of Hto «orkin* of tbo ninaleenth inat, mado a 

time in tha ahopa flfty-two boUTB a woak. Plenty ot the irorks hera and then departed in peace. 

ot work in tho différent departmonla of tha ahopB The partinit aceno in tha rain between Mr.Clark 

hara. 8ii eBgÎBBB in tha back alopa and tbroe or and anît, and Mr. Joseph Roberte, M. M., i^dhin 

foar incamgruouB on» in the roand Uonw, Thor big sUff nf a olark. Bâtes Donlaver, waa thrillina 

iras a BoBTcity of fraiaht car wheela hère for in the eifreme. Ail accoiupanîod bî latw silkon 

Hbont t*o «eaka whioh retaided tbe pcogreesof lunhrerBllaa, witli eiceptionof DunlaToy'B,whitb 

work in tliat departniBnt Bomewhat, Bnt now vas o( tbo Shaany kind. Enberta neter onfold- 

has a full aupply on hand and ie working tha ûig hia : SIt. Roberta waa like a doy moidon be- 

boringmilliitoBighcP.M. The t*o wheal lathea foraherfiret loteMKBrcelyknowing how t<,aat. 

ninnîghtand day for two waeka. Night man and Bâtes Dnnlavey waa aeen to roal tw,. pacea to 

getting thirtoen botua for twalva hoaca worlc. Oie rear whan ha claaiHsd (ho haud q£ Mr. (.larka. 

Tbo work being done cheop. Two apprenticas J do not blomo yon Mr. Bâtes yon ara JOBt ns 

being «ondwiched in. The day men on rhe wheela much of a plebian lo-dayaa jon wera fthan yuu 

working ten honni. I nnderatand theï are go- wara wearing tha ragged oyoraJlBOf afreight car 

ingtorQnthewhBollBthaaanolherweBkatnight reyairor. Bat now you do not tnow theaa kind 

during which tima Iba day mao will work len □£ nien. 

honra. Work oa the oulaide ia duU oxcept to George UrimmaU a freight car rapairer, died 

thuw haying steady poaitiona. The packing suddonly on tbe twalfth inat. at hia home on 

houaea and contrant nhopa diacharged a good Drippa etteet. KanBaaCitr, Mo. He waa a Seotoh- 

manj- machiniste and blacksmitha laat week. It m»n uid eomcwhat eccentric-Peace to bia aabea. 

ifi almoat ïmpoasjble for machanica of any kind Asol't De Bon 

bired hara laat month, in place o( aorna that qoit Coluuseb, Nobr., Jnna 21, 1S91. 

and thrae new men sent to Eilia, Kanaas. TLere Elitor ilngasine : 

in a good ileal of complaint from the men in the After eevatol monlh'a of raat 1 am atfain on the 

macliaciCB dcpartment on acconnt of the waj moTe. Dépression ïn bnaineae gave na a re«t. It 

tbing thay, (ho men, pui ail the blâme on the been keepiag notes, by the way. Sarrnnnding 

diffeteat foremaa, oa occasion regnirea, nerer «ircumatoDcesbaïe keptme (romwritingtuyuu. 

admicting for a moment that thoj, thornselresi, ïet avery day thinking a change wonld eome, 

«ro tha wholo cauae of il. Lat ua take (or iUna- than I wonld write to-morrow, but I find to- 

worka. the foramau will corne tu hlm and aay in Buainess ail thrunitb tbe country bas beea 
a pompona wa; , and eometimes in a domineerinK lory duU. Marchante bave fait it ver; ronch. ba- 
epirit. I want thîa work in a given tima. namiog cause of the (ailure nf ccops. last yaur ILiare uaa 
tla readf money in circulation, bo thay 
w carafulwho thay woldd tm^t, bnt now, 
a fine for cropa ail through tbe 
with. Ha bas du right to do sach a thing. There atate, they teel more aonfidooce, and thalr buai- 
ia a man paid in that dapartment for that pur- uesa U impioving. Plauty of rain ail nyer the 
pose ano he ia the only man in Uiat departmect atnte. The small grain crop ia certain oa bu aa 
Chat executive orders ehuuld coma from. ÎI is rain can lielp it. Itoless bail or cyclone cornes 
with theworkiusmcn,aa wbU a* with the fora- tbo cropa will be certain, the larsest eser raised 
man, aacb encroaching on otber man'a rigbtB (or in tha stata. Tha acrage of corn ia large aud 
tboir own agrandixements. And Ita so in averr proaiiecta are fiDo;sti aoms placée Iho eut wonn 
department. Onechesing thenther. at thaaame is doing much damage. Crops will tw large ail 

men, «Ithout auy afflnity betwaon them, aud Ihe aud Auguet. the cura will be Tcry large. Wevi- 

inatraments are pliable tools nf the compan;. ern Nabraekahaa bad rain eanogh togive them a 

Imaan the plebian bosses ans aware ot aDCh fair crop. Perhapa a fnll crop. This for the 

atate ot affaire, and are taking adTantage of crap iu général . 

(hem ia their helplees condition. Bot it will be Columbns bas not imprnved mnch sïaca I last 

amouK tlia working men in tbe near future, boom fur this city. Ail the lowna along tlu msd. 
Efery intelligent wnrkman eeea the haud writing oast of Colombos, »ii&. «leo. ^«stfeA wicrt*. 'Cir*. 
on the wall already. Mr. Joeeijh Roberta, ont signa. "îot tetA," C*itaiidoo»'tBi*ii«»™K^^'^ 




that they expect a good business as soon as 
harvest begins, at least they act that way. Some 
business hoases are vacant. This I find in Cen- 
tral City. It is also the same in Grand Island, a 
f ew vacant business houses and some houses '*For 
rent." There is some improvement hère as the 
beet crop is now calling for help to take care of 
it. There has been much rain hère, more than 
there has been at St. Paul and north of that as 
far as Ovel, and Sioux City. Grand Island has 
had a steady growth ; there has been no false 
représentations to boom this place. There is 
quite a demand for help in the beet fields. Busi- 
ness men say there is a little improvement, noth- 
ing heavy. There is no heavy building going on. 
I was told that the U. P. offîcers when hère, 
did not give any encouragement as to a new 
dépôt, which this city needs so much. Crops 
look splendid between Grand Island and Keamey. 
The little towns along the road are improving 

very fast. 
Keamey is the boom city, and they tried a new 

one a short time ago in the way of an excursion 
from Boston . They had got at work on the cotton 
mill, had the boards taken off West Keamey de- 
pot, everything brushed up fine. But I hear that 
they did not bite. Report saya they sold $75,000 
worth of property, but truth says they did not 
buy any to speak of . They went on to Guthen- 
burg for one day, then left for the east. Kearney 
has a fine dépôt and the company are fitting up a 
park at the east and west end and when they are 
complète and the grass is started, will be a great 

There is much talk of high taxes hère which I 
amtold is up to 8^/4 per cent. 

They are doing a little on the new cotten mill, 
but it is three miles from the city and is a real 
estate boomer. Report says rent will stop soon 
for want of funds. .There is much complaint as 
to the way this thing is managed. There is a 
very fine opéra house hère, much finer than the 
city demands, as a real estate boomer. Also a 
fine hôtel was opened a short time ago. 

The small towns between Kearney and Lexing- 

ton do not improve very fast. Lexington has a 

fine new hôtel and is a great crédit to the town, 

it is called the Comland Hôtel. Also the New 

First National Bank building is a very fine 

The small towns from Lexington to Sidney aU 

remain quiet, but are hoping for good times, for 

crops look well. Guthenburg has improved 

much. So North Plat te has improved more than 

one would think, if he only saw it from the train, 

but more of thèse western towns later. Time took 

me back to Omaha, a stop at Grand Island and up 

the B. & M. While in Grand Island, I was told of a 

low life act of two persons, not men; for it was 

too low lifed an act to say men. Some one was 

mad at the Old M an Pearce, who watches one of 

the crossings, becauso he had joined some society 

forming in town, and went in the night to his 

bam and eut two new hameeses up in small 

pièces. One was a left handed man. No one 

wbo is in the abape of a man, or one who would 

pholdsuch an act, muât hâve had for their sires 

pair o/sheep killing doge, who conceived them. 

while out killing their neighbors sheep ; too low^ 
to be classed among men. 

There was a roàd accident hère a few day s ago. 

A man who works in the shops, while out hunt> 
ing, accidently shot himself in the bowels. It is 
doubtful if he can recover. I did not learn hi& 

I notice that the immaculate editor of the Grand 
Island Democrat has piiched into the correspond- 
ent from Grand Island, because he did not ap« 
prove of ail his acte, while at Lincoln last winter 
— he also opens out his slush pot against the ideas- 
of the Grand Island workman, and on the U. P. 
Employés' Magazine, I never saw the man but he 
belongs, judginé from his paper, to the mud 
slinging gang. Like a chimney sweep. *'Don't> 

touch him for he will Black you.^' 


. CouNCTL Blupps, la., June 21, 1891» 
Editor Magazine: 

I am surprised at not seeing any items from 
hère in your valuable magazine oftener than. 
there is as there is lots of talent hère, and consid^- 
érable of it too amongst the labor élément, some 
of whom are ardent reformers, and weU calcula- 
ted to adora any society. and be a tower of 
strength to any cause they espouse, judging from. 
their previous records. 

This is a very enterprising city, with a great 
future in store for it. There is some strong talk 
of a magnificent union dépôt ; of building two 
more bridges across the big muddy and annexing- 
Omaha as one of our suburbs, is another import- 
ant change contemplated in the near future. 
The current of the Missouri is to be tumed north- 
ward in order to facilitate a cold réception which 
we are zealously preparing for some — yes, very 
disloyal citizens among us. We are going to 
purify the political, social and religions atmos- 
phère of this central American city, and show 
a lesson to the coming générations of what a 
liberty-loving, self-respecting, loyal and genuine 
American people can do, for be it understood we 
claim a monopoly on the patriotism of this our 
glorious country. 

We are going to hâve the capitol at Washinton» 
D. C, moved hère, in order to see that noue but 
true, loyal Americans will ever invade its sacred 
precincts. We are going to hâve a sélect commi- 
tee to gaard our interests at the world's fair, so 
that no unpleasant comment can be passed upon 
our (self) respected institutions. Foreign min- 
istère representing their country hère, will hâve 
to paint up and wear their plumes and f eathers 
as we do, to entitle them among us. as we are the 
only original Pottawattïimies, no more Chinese 
fire crackers, or Roman candies on the fourth of 
July. We'll send back the Bartholdi statute, and 
make up a purse for the nearest of kin, descend- 
ents of Lafayette, as we don't want to be under 
lasting obligations to such idolators. We will 
attend to varions matters of this kind, last but 
not least, we will call a convention of our people 
for the purpose of remodeling the constitution in 
accordance with our own enlightened ideas, and 
in conioTixi\.tï "wv^Aa. ç«T\,eLVû. oV^Y^atlons which 
eom© ot\iB\ia;ve8i\.T©a.à^ ■vmdLetVï^BL.çiii, Aivâi»^ Vu 



ia full time we sboold draw the lïne cm cIbbb and Ht tbem also. It Beems Ibat niost erery one ttiat 

creed, and ptotact the vitul intecïBte cf this reacin aiime trotb» nboiit themBolvos wimt to 

migblj nation, oomposed of tnie blooded Amert- know wlio wrnte them. WhaC possible différence i 

cana. Wbat did Waabington |tbe illnatriouB) It vonld make. I never canld see. Kevcngancel 

knowabautiibertylublBdaï? Wbat did Jeffer- Oh, my, wbat litle Batiafaction tiiero ie in 

Bon know alxjut drafting a oonetitotion fit W that, aftet ail— is wbat lnwant«d, I know my 1 

gDiemapeoiileKkeQEp What did Orant, Sher- hnmblehead was Bouitbt altei Bome yeara a;^, I 

m un. lïmiDorlal nomce) linow abont patriotisinT aad at une time I did not know but I wonld bo 1 

Away with theit toUs ; wo wiil bory tlieir ïntol- f orced to cumo ont anci confesa, in order to flava I 

craiice and dialoyolty with them. We ohall on- on innocent head, and bow cbagrined tbe execn- 

fnti utir own dear banner. and tbe Btara and tïoaera woitld bave been when tbey gaiEed on my I 

stripee ehali wave orei' a gratetai and régénérât- humbie perBOnage. I wonld theo baye hïd to ' 

ed, tnie, loyal Amurioan peuple, '"Wbat fools hare got rour Mr. Editer to havo idantified me, 

theee mortal be," why waate tlme on petty poli- PerbapB made affidavit that 1 was tbe reaponsible 

tics st the wink ot a wily politician, if yoa are man, So little doee tbe man cnt a Sgaie in cines- 

intarcBted tn Keneral politlcB, tbero Is a people'a tiona of trutb. ItB immagioutiOD that ■Tim" la 

party, compoeed ot the indontrial masBeB. wiU greater than he ia, ia what causea tbo worry, bat 

îon aopport themT It not, »hy notp Will you aftec ail it îh tbe tmth tbat does the busineBB, 

watite time in rell^on tbat haa been disciiBBed bnt tbc]"annon" glres the bnmble pereonago 

trom tbe highflBt to the iowent, witb Buoh dlBae- «elgbt with the gtBalest. 

trôna reanlta at ail timea ; what doea tlie rauk WbenHarriaon waa bere he mada a apeach aad 

und file of yon know ebouC religion? It it ia in nieu «tood witb gapping mouth and nacoTered 

pniportion witb tbe acta of yonr daily lÏTea, yoni headtAhear him. Yet besaid notbing; yet tbe 

aincerity ia eaâiy determined by dally obser. hnmbleat eitiien could bave done a* wulL It 

to ail wbo wonld bonwtly bett^r tbe eaulitïon poor devïln like na bave to create an immagin- 
of tbemBclvea and theîr fellow men, regardloas ation in order (o l>o heard, or attract attention 

the magazino, read once more the letter signed "anon" method of doing it. 

•■ B. H.," ponder over the Une import of aenti- We aU hâve a llttle of the ooward in ua at 

eentimenta ofatrue mao, Bconepicntïoua, noble, érable crawling woim like onraelvea. caUcd s 

grand man, witb cbaril^aiid religion combined . boBe.conlddiEcommodeoartamilyBrningemniitfi 

tbe last tew linea are airapls and beantifnl. they by Hring ns or stopping onr daily pay, juBt ba- 

ore American, this looent hobbî <B not American, cause we eaid Bomething be did not like, and we 

it la impDcted. Tbe dyiag membera ut bigotry "an avoid it and at the 9ame timo get botter re- 

are kept smouldering by interested parties, back- 'nl'« trom wbat we bave t« aay, why ahould we 

order to seperato you moTB than over. And, be- wbose honor and intagrity ia said lo bave 
huld; with ail your inlalligence. nome of you canaed bia élévation to a maater mechonic, to 
]nmp into tlie tiap set for yon. and end^vor to avuid tbo reaponsibility for nome mishap Jnatly 

maot préjudice ranking in tbe brenet ot aome likeme. wboee Word 1b uot worth a- — >well nuth. 

leaa intelligent of your feUow men. You need ing with the powera that be. and how eommon 

never leel aabained to look any man atraight in tôt Buoh to mako a record for tbemsalvea ou 

tbe face by opholding Uie principlee of the K. of what otbers huvo done. thaa eoll under colora 

L., wbose bauner la aloft with the golden raotto, not their own, and when ahlfting o[f tbe re- 

"An injurj' to one is the concem of ail." We aponaibility becomee deEperate, concoot themoet 

mnst bave no fanltering in bomanity'a cauee. daninable liei. Su mncb for preliminary lin« to 

With kind regards to ail. let tbe many aniiooa inqnirere aftor "Tim" 

I. R, Remain, K.otL. know wby baba» appeareddead and reiioïo their 

aniiety tor bis eafety. 

DENran. Colo.. Jnne 24. 1891. Iiould writemochbot wiUnot. I am holding 

Edilor M,tgnzine: baok. Imaj euplode some day. If wbat I ses 

It bas beeu aumotime sioeo I bave had anything going on du» not mako some people ao siok they 

todowiUi letter writing; not that I bave not will dlBannnpilftongaaeriflee to tba Bcheming 

been ^le to find anythïng lo aay, but I dîd ot scbemerB, or take a tumble and «ave tbem- 

not »eo how my sajing anitbing wonld help mat- salïea betoro I reach (bat point, 

tere any, for I muât admit things are not just To hold a railroad position is getting lo be 

aa I woold like to bave tbem, and I doobt i( it worae tban lo hold a politieal position. Those 

ever will be; hait tbe pleaflure of living «opld that get ont «hemes to knock ont thoee that 

bogoneit it waa not torthe fun of tryinglo im- get in witb the advantago ot those who havu 

prove, (rom a monfcey wrencb to tbe moral code, been tbete know tbe ropoa and viilre better than 

there is a Ëeld tor fun. I bave been lather nn- tboee who bave to learn, wben an itid;tw*.Vî 

easy about writing lalely, becanse ot tbe cnea interoated ohftsrïOT w«i« XXtmis -cm"» ■». i»™»- 

wordsthat I havohenrd bnrledatthe anonyraons valoalite lt\otià. 

BorreaponJpnt, benidee l aee aome editora slasU TliecbaBBBa\tn^'i\o.\T.»M=tVE»~o»*'»^^ ™ 


porfed by your otlier ciirroapondent. Becaoae tho politi 

.„ An' the farmerB ci 

la tbat w 


bo olther eonileinn or coauneud him and 
Long in the presenC Ktate of donbt. He. perso 
sUygivesBconiDiendaT? irapreBsioD and I mn 
>me whst prejadlccd ïn Mb (bti 

- bosineee will Uike 
half thot tho n 

ihBpo when we'U git s lirin' profit for onr butter, beaï | 
FBoa- UeUDwhlle tlip manuCuctarer thafe livin' a%U 

n ihen 



The familîttr face ot Fred Motihainier, â 

In laiDriea Ihe lil 
■ Keepa hÎB 2 :20 tro 
' An' tbe former dr 

BiiapB anii ^j^^ ^^ ^^ ^^^^^ ^j^ 

Western famie 

t Bnrprised Ee pnlB tho pBpers i 

been sapurceeded by Don 
-Park," aa ail euppraed that 
lut! tbe beat of satisfactioa. 

ropbï, Irom tbe Thel 

That be'e Bcrabbled 
wiih the bolls 
Tbe notai tbat's dne 

g naga to epeed on foahïol 

h morteages on the Iqi 

i hie safe. and calmly fold» 


tbe readj cash heV 

Eckland, formerly ttonecal forcman, bas 

goinlobnsineBBit isBaid. Who'd ergoin' to kniw erboat? Wbo'i 

L. A. tras anniversary ealertointnent. May !S, tounileratand 

was agraed eucaees, and whUe adtnlsBion waa If thellttle lint hoewesrsUi lefBlseaero 

onlr ffî cents a couple, and eipensea high, B good WIU nome bright achoUr tall un « bat tbi 
som wa« oleaced, wbiob will be devoted to the man'Btodo? 

prosecution fund in tlie brickyard tragedy whioh There BJi't nobody tliat oan Kct (or sart 

bas not corne to a trial yet. TiM. ^^ th^^^n 


Tbe papers talk a siglit juBt now al»ut doserled Hei 

It BeeiBB ae ia tiiem oity cliap» was kinder un in An' i 

ia Ûnger wheD he pay» 1 

(Ot their Burplue gatlierinBs in houselot* I 
Bolted riown, ' 

be roUHrpKational brethron, bo 1 beat tl 

If ''Vu 


OwntwentythougauddoUarB'wortb of land Bt 

Tbat'a ao iipaot the atate of t bines an' altered 

LobatfiT Bay: 


Ao' ramier Jonea an' I hez talked tho matter 

sot a buainee^ bl«k. 

Built by aurplua contributions from tlie tBitbftd 

Aat' bow it ia tbat farminK buBinese doeeu't wem 


But ïou Boa, thiB Ib cliarch proi«rty— an' we cant 

Why, the ynonp ™en quit tho (ftrm, an' thesbift. 

lai that you kuow. 

Nor tbe.water worke, an' gas. an' thafa the vnj 

Qobblee up the little profite, aa' idiee ail he con; 

An' Jonea thinka juat aa I do, 'taint becHuae that 
tannin' lacks 

Bat the farmor'ho muât pinch hia way, and aeU 


To raiae bia portion of tbe tox tbal Ih© obnrohoB 

ÏB aee a fariner pfliya a tui on ail tbe land heowiiB 


Be it meddar, iutorïale, woodlot, or paatur' full 

ïouwantto know the remedy? Wall. Farmw 

Jones an' I 
Hbto corne to tbe eonclnaion that we'ïo got to 



AniithedoH tliat nieets bim every night, with 
frienlly waBin' tall. 

In union .therois atrengtb. tbeysM.flolet na oiv 

And stick t^tber, sink or a»im, tmd never 

Why, hlesB your Boni: they even tax the mortsage 

Vote (or tbe meu that will rtan' by ub, T-hether 

on hia farm. 

Tbey ouly BpBre Ibe fowlahekeopa, an' tbat, my 

Keep In our legialatura' honceC meD, an' bounce 



loïpootlawbyaomaDy mon hsï tockled onto 

There'aeuoughofof uatodo it. an' let 'a do it 



But they «ay tbe icgielatur' ia a-talMn' of a tas 

An' take oor tum «t grindin' ont the griat thal'a 

Onfftfm, andthenall tbat'a nntaxable will bo 



■Tton tbe "aboe man" cornes to town we muet let 

beut backa. 

1 '«ninscotri™ 
Uaom-«vaaVjea™wconio,jeBtas the caae 

ofldltai. *^ 



ToL. TI. ÂUGUST, 1891. No. 7. 

SEEKING AND ESTABLISHING TRUTH, young b!ood, but their évident 

lear o£ the truth causes theni to 

AVlieu a proposition is offered attack, uot the principle, but by 

tbat a cîiange be made in some ridiculing those who put them 

social «iouditiou a distressing cry forward, as ex-8enator Henderson, 

goea up £rom some at the thought of Missouri ia an esample, intimate 

of haviug Buch a thing meutioued, that it is but the grumblings of 

aud the one that does, to their "underlings" or disgrimtal work- 

uotiou, bas a détestable character; ingmen; the source of euch oppo- 

and it ia most generally that the Hitionneverestablishesatruth, itis 

character of the person who pro- against them that it must prevail. 

S)oseB it is attacked rather then by Truth should be eternally sought 

ogica] reasonîng the proposition after; every avenue to reach it 

he may make. Such is oue way should be made as wide opeu as 

oE showing that the opposer knowa possible; every obstruction to 

there is truth in it and fears the rapid progress should be renioved; 

resuit iE it becomes widely known. every one found obstrnctiug the , 

The questions and principles way should be treated as the worst 

brought forward by the labor enemy of mankind, even hâve 

raovement are rarely met by logic- they been posing, and venerated, as 

al reasoning. The opposition ia the benefactor o£ humanity. But, 

prineipally confined to discrying instead, it is found strewed with 

the "ajgitator," picturing the hor- the wreckage placed there by 

rors of strikes and trying to cou- those who fear truth will be 

vince the workingmen, by simply reached. Along its way innumer- 

saying ao, that they are better able sepulchral voicea cry out, "we 

ofE than they ever were and there- hâve the truth hère," pomting un- 

Eore ouglit to be satisfied, or, must der tlieir filthy and decayed habili- 

anchor their hopes to the cburch mente, ask them to 

or our party, depending on the the light of investigation and 

source of the advice. There aeems their ghoatly voices cry "infidel." 

to be a constant fear that truth Ignorance stands gaziug on them 

will become generally known, ■ with vénération; intelligenceprese- 

Out of the corruption of two de- es onward over the obaticals in the 

eayed political parties has corne way, knowing full well, that from 

Eorth a new one, on its banner em- tlie source of the cry, "infidel," 

blazoued principles believed by investigation is denied and truth 

its exponents to be grounded in not likely to be foimd. When in- 

tmth and necesaity of the âge. telligence dawna on ignorance and 

The organs of corruption are hor- loosens its venetate \vc\4. «s^^ 

fied at the pertinence of this tvimato "moNe m'Oa^ ^Jô.^iyi'wa"». "^ 



increasing Hght, the cry, "lieritic," siderable pavfc of them; it 

echoea in ita ears to turn it from be settled at least till the greate 

itB course and is taken up by the part of theni understand it; 

ignorant and ia ahowered with the takes time and agitation for it 1 

fiîth of its Borroundings, makiue penetrate. Those who speak ( 

it unsafe for any one to stop and wrîte againat it as well as those ' 

aceept as trufch anythiag that is who favor it, aid tliis, so long aa 

uot first proven. they honestly seek to establieh 

Why is truth so feared? Canit the truth; to reaeh that ail aides 

do harm? Can any doctrine found- niuat be heard. Those who are 

ed on truth, auffer byhavingevery honestly seekiug for tmth, the 

part of it put to the test of investi- beat good of ail, no matter whether 

gation and dons in open court they believe it is on the aide of 

with the world as spectatora? Can private ownership or govemment 

a proposition, offered for the good ownership, ean aak for nothing 

of humanity, that is based on better than to hâve the question 

falaity, grounded in fraud and in- bronght înto the political arena 

justice, become established when and into congreaa by the intro- 

it muet pass through the crucible duction of a bill for the govem- 

of investigation, conducted by ment acquisition of ail railroads 

thoae who are to be injured or and télégraphe. The best possible 

benefitted by its adoption or re- meana we hâve is then nsed for 

jection? Can truth perish or be the diaplay of the aupposed mer- 

inj'ured by such a teat? Even its and démérita. The question, ■ 

though it be thrown out with the from the attention it calls, thos J 

drosa its unperiahable nature finally becomea underatood by thaï 

causes it to be raised again and iinal arbitrators — the people. 
agaîn, as often as necessary, Not The friends of the opposition 

ao with the dross, its character hâve no reasoit to lament if the 

. makes it beyond rédemption. bill is defeated, nor opponents to 

The object of the use of ridicule be elated. It ia not the settlemeut, 

is simply to delay the time when it ia only a step in that direction, 

a test must be made. Every theory and it is equally true of every 

offered for the improvement of other économie question that must 

fiocial relations either bas some finally culminate in législative en- 

merit or no merit at ail. Ridicule actment. It is only the dishonest, 

will never dowu it, it muât and the haters of truth, that object to 

will finally be brought into the the bringing forward such ques- 

arena and tested, and yet, that tions; what ia juat and what is 

will not be final for anythîng of best for ail is ail that is wanted, 
merit that may be thrown out, it The principle îs e<iually appli- 

will be brought out again, perhapa cable to the more immédiate and 

from a new source and under a local questions arising between 

new name. The good will iîually employer and employé. Either 

be permanantly established. side or both are wrong when they 

A proposition is now before the try to prevent the establishment 

American people that they assume of that which is just and true or 

control of the means o£ transpor- the équitable considération of 

tation. Simply objecting to it every guestion, giving every op- 

will not settle it, ridicnling those portunity for the removing of ail 

who propose it will not. The doubt poaaible when there ia dif- 

American people as a whole hâve ferenees of opinion. The em- 

^ually got to settle thia question; ployer that obj'ects to giving the 

If oannot be aettled by any con- reasons for hîa treatraent of any 



re- I 

workinau, by the fact, prociaims arisee; such views are commi 

liis dishoueet ïntent, and ao are with ail classes, eepecially w&goi 

wor^nea that refuse to give ail workers; remove a threateniiig re- 

reasons for what they seek, for duction of wages and they hâve no 

either aide to simply demaud, in cause to bother tlieir minils about 

the belief of having etreiigth to aiiything else; the efEect they folt 

enforee is acting unjuat and dis- ia relieved or if ît remains in part 

honest in metbod, if not in pur- they get used to It soon bo it is iiot 

pose. Everything that 18 just noticéd, the inceutative to act is 

and true haa a reason which the gone, and doea thia not give us the 

other side or oppoueute are invari- secret of the wasting of so much 

ably entitled to know. energy, has it not been thrown 

Nothing can be justly asked for away on effects leaving the cause 

that will not be granted, when, as unnoticed or pasaed by as consitl- 

between employer and employé ered uuworthy of attention. 
that principle of seeking and ea- To reach effects is the popular 

tabliahing trftth prevails; the beat incentativeof workmentoorganize; 

possible résulta from such re- workingmen who are rushed aloug 

lations will be obtained and main- with plenty of work and maintain- 

tained, and who, that will object ing existence as they hâve ordin- 

to that, will dare assert that they arily experienced it, rarely ever 

are honest? The employer or oi^anize, and, if they do, rarely 

workmau that will dodge an iaaue keep it up with a view of preveut- 

or avoid a joint considération of ing future effects, some diaaster 

questions of mutual interest must fall ou them or become plain- 

admit the weaknees of their own ly threatening to cause alarm^ theu 

position aud a dishonest intent in they organize to coup with it, tak- 

relation thereto. Truth and jus- ing at times heroîc steps and ex- 

tice can injure no one. It is the peudiug enei^y enougît to bave 

duty of ail to seek and aid its es- prevented much more and to hâve 

tablishment. come easier on nll if it had been 

___j^^_^^^_ espende<l before in operattng on 

WASTING ENERGY. The effect is being continuaily 
struck at leaving the fonntain from 

The past few years has seen a which it sprang undisturbed; it 

great amount of energy ueed on has provinglike damrainga river to 

questions relating to the labor pro- make its bed dry below, apparently 

blem. It has been displayed both successful until the water over- 

in heated arguments and in force flows the dam as it invariably will 

arising through strikes and lock- do. Ail the energy at command 

outs. On the surface it seems aa is used and suiFering endured with 

if the solution is as far away as patriotic valor to resist réduction 

ever, as far as this force has made in wagea, that, if suecessfully re- 

an impression, and that there sisted, could be repeated before 

mnst hâve been a wonderful congratulations over auccess had 

amount of energy waated, that if passed away, while scarcely a 

rightly applied would hâve more thought is directed against the 

to ahow for its uee. With mauy cauee of the réduction. Men are 

the labor question ia only a local employed under oppressive eon- 

affair that is easily got around. ditions and résistance ia directed 

Settle some simple question that against the oppression, wbatmakes 

is annoying some workmen and ail it possible not being coosvÂsft«4_ 

ia over till a aimilar question The etieigs -oacià. "w> -««*«>;»- -lïi^sqi 


inasmuch as it inadvertly directs labor driven to their work as if 
the thoughts of some as to the they were beasts, and they appear 
cause. indiffèrent to it; there must be 

Men are oppressed becanse something lacking in the inSivi- 
they are capable of being op- dual to cause this, simple organiz- 
pressed and the degree will be in ation to resist such could do no 
proportion to this capability. good, if it did not lead beyond the 
Slavery existed because there were effect and remedy the cause, 
men that could be enslaved, and Trace back the ancestry of thèse 
others allowing oppression to take men and it will quite oiten be 
that shape, simply freeing them found that their parents worked 
of their chattle character in no under similiar conditions, they 
way removed the oppression leamed to expect it when young ; 
though it may hâve left the way censure is not to be (firected 
more open for them to do it them- against them but the causes that 
selves. The prévention of op- hâve produced such an effect. 
pression is raising the man above those who would permanently im- 
it. prove their condition will lead 

A body of men are working un- them to leam what is their 
der comparatively favorable cir- due. 

cumstance; near ihem, and for the Thechild'senvironmentsmaketh 
same employer another body work the character of the man. No 
and a différent condition is seen, simple strike is going to material- 
the first body would consider the ly change an effect that is allowed 
condition of the second intoler- by so deeply rooted a condition, 
able, and let them take their place The illustration, while extrême in 
with the same material surround- some respects is not in ail, it indi- 
ings and it will be found they will cates a place where a cure for the 
be treated in an improved manner workers' ills can be applied much 
and an effort at once made, with- more effectively than in the con- 
out their making much effort to demnation of trusts and monopo- 
have it done, to make their lies, or kicking against the thoms; 
material surroundings more com- it is destroying the condition on 
f ortable. Man is treated much as which trusts and monopolies 
he demands to be treated and he thrive, they having been created 
does not hâve to make the demand by those that hâve taken ad- 
in words always. We remove op- vantage of the indifférence of the 
pression then by increasing the masses and who do ail in their 
désire for something différent and power to keep up the source, 
this must find its way into the in- As the masses become en- 
dividual before it can be brought lightened as to the cause of their 
out effectively in organization, who troubles and begin to strike there, 
must show how he intends to be their opponents make extra efforts 
treated by his every act, It will to keep up the supply of the ignor- 
not put him out of the danger of ant and indiffèrent through the 
oppression by others simply say- importation of the worst éléments 
ing he shall not be oppressed, he they can find among the human 
has got to take a part in that him- race. 

self, his simply becoming a mem- If the masses do anything now 
ber of a strong organization of toward a permanent establishment 
men can aid him but temporarily of their rights it must be in con- 
if he, as an individual, is not raised centrating their energy in making 
above where he has been. it a reality that this is a govem- 

It is common to see men at hard ment ol m^ peiople. 



MAN'S INALIENABLE RIGHT, avoid this coming cataetrophy and 
get conditions back where nature 

In old settled countries, it has evidently intended they shonld 
become welluigh impossible for remain, that is, that every being 
men bom under circumstanees ou eartli has au inaliénable right 
that compells tliem to work for to ail tlie land necessary £or nis 
wagea, to ever acquire, by their existence, and no more, and that 
own exertion, a pièce of land they uo one has right to exact tribute 
can call their own. The high for the use of land from another. 
priées they are held for, are out of Mortgage forcloBures would end 
reaeh of the aaving possible, from then ïor no one would be able to 
ordinary wagea, and it is fast get- alien his right by giving a mortg- 
ting to be the universel rule. âge, would hâve no land to mortg- 

Man, to esist mnst bave access âge. 
to land, consequently, if eome one Conditions are such that tlie 
elae is tlie recognized owner of landless hâve a very slim chance 
what he needs, he uiust jMiy trib- of acquîring a légal right to land 
ute to the owner in order to esist, even iu parts of the world where it 
and, the amount of this tribute is but aligttly settled. The laud- 
can be regulated by the owner so less can be claBsea amoog the 
as to make the tribute payer, and libertyless. Intelligence is in- 
his decendents, perpetually de- creasing and with it a désire for 

fiendent on him, even to the regu- more liberty, more independence, 
ation of how they will fair, or, but the conditions necessary for 
the owners of land own the peo- its exercise are uot, for it cannot 
pie ou it. be exercised without a right on 

Natures program for human ex- earth, and a man without a title 
istence certaiuly never intended recorded in some office has no 
any such a condition. Under the right on earth as thinge are now 
laws we now recognize, it is pos- considered. Two conditions in- 
sible and probable, if no changea congrious with each other are 
iu tlie law are made, for a few rapidly towering up. One, of in- 
familles in a few générations telligeuce that increases the de- 
more to hâve acquired légal title mand for f reedom and more of tlie 
to the land of the world, and hâve enjoyment of earth, and the other, 
tlie légal right to order off ail the one that is makiug it less possible 
rest of the people for trespass, for it to be exercised — the coucen- 
iiertainly ail would hâve to be tration of the ownership of 
carefnl how they deported them- laud in the hands of a few. 
aelves or be subjected to severe With increasing intelligence in 
treatment from the owner. the United Statea the census shows 

People might kick at that, aud that there haa been a decreasing 
kick so hard that the 'S'ested proportion that own the land 
rights" our courts so jealoualy they occupy, but increasing intel- 
guard, would vanish iu a whirl- ligeuee certainly has increased 
wind. The poasibilities and proba- the désire for a real right of occu- 
bilitiea are illustrated every day pancy, the pleasures of home and 
by corporations whose employés, home ties and freedom from trib- 
who muet live ou laud owned ute paying. How long before the 
by the employer, are at once cry will be: millions for public 
ordered ofE when they kick against improvements but not a cent for 
the treatment of the employer, private tribute? 
Why shonld we not pay more at- Individualft, yq. wcn "\s«^^ -çncki.- 
tention to that question now and \)ei caoûcft. ^iJà» ^^!v^a ^sjv^sKvisTx 


cftph (or himself. by parchnsing them withoat any particular occu- 
titlt- to a right on eartn. the pos- pation. existing from hand to 
«îbW »avtiigs t\yr n life time rnukc^ mouth, anJ not as well as the 
ibat out at tht» question. ConficU arerage common laborer. Per- 
OHttDti faiiimt t«K»' place «ithout a h&ps in name they are connected 
r»>viiUitiiiu tbat would dt'stroy oor with some profession, whîch they 
wboli> txvnïvuiic system and for a are particnlsr to inform ail of. 
tiiue l'rwtt*' oltaos, witb im-reasic^ They bave Tery exact ideas as to 
uitt'lUgencefon'ius '^^ f'i*^'* t" ^^^ what îs proper in society. Any- 
ivii>tjniti<,m of tho niasses tbat tbe one tliat "works" for a livingmust 
titU-dwilless are the slaves of the be very "low." They never had 
titltHleed possessttr, and, at the "wages," it was alwaye a "salary." 
nftiut' lîmo the désire not to be the They are carefnl not to be fonnd 
«lavu of auother iucreasing, seems toc intimate witb any of that class. 
inwuigroiia with human iaclî- They are very pronouneed in 
nations. their views of the social questions; 

A imtural law uannot be violated their noses bave an inclination to 
without puuishment for it in time, elevate when anytbîng in the line 
huutanity bas beeu ■\'iolating a of labor organizations are men- 
nHtLinil law that givee each aright tioned in their présence, while, at 
Uei'e ou earth, and tbe masses tbe same time, their stomachs 
b^^^'e l>pen snffering in poverty for are urgently calling for a square 
Hgtv4 lH'(^HUse of it. meal. 

HiiB not humanity a "rested "Organizations of labor are snch 
l'igbt" tt) enforce tbis law no mat- vnlgar affairs," and if working 
l)M' wlm may be inconvenienced by men would attend to their work 
It, and tbat "rigbts yested" in vio- and not be complaining of their 
Itttiiin of it were never "vested '■betters/' they would be so nrnch 
rlglitd" at ail. And will not some better off. They dote on their 
otnu't Boon décide as one did once, acquaintance with any of the bon 
tht> miestion of ownership of a ton and nothing givea them so 
fugitive slave, "you must show a miich pleagure as to be introduced 
title doed signed by God Almigbty to a recognized member of it, it is 
iicforo you can hâve possession of more to them than something to 
tlii» mnn (land)" at leaat more eat. Their whole stndy is how to 
tlum you actually need. It seems keep up appearances. 
iiiijimt that a man sbould buy Acqnaintances apologize for 
what is his by rigbt or tbat one thembyaaying "they bave seeu 
1)0 rn on earth should pay to an- better days." Their ideas of what 
otlior who came in the same way, is proper are snch that it prevents 
ftir n rigbt bere. them reading on any subjects that 
, , , înterests the masses, itwonldmake 
them appear ho vnlgar. They 
THE FROTH. tbink it most proper to teach 
their children to show contempt 

There is an élément in popula- for the children of workingmen 
tton that it is difficult to classify, and breed them to a love of snub- 
They are found principally serv- bery and perpetuate their parent 
ing some notable in an office class, They often bave a sickly 
uoeition, or making a pecarions airapering accent to their voices, 
lîving in some two by four mer- especiallyamongthefemalebrand. 
l^ile business, or hâve held some Anyone so unfortuuate as to be 
'fi position and the called on to serve them are at once 
:^ of affaira hâve left impressed -with their ideas o£ how 

I "aerv 

I They 

t for t] 

r and t 


'aerventa ehould be treated." they may be able to take a hand 
They must show their cûiitempt aud really federate. They "wasn't 
for those iu ''vulgar" occupations in" the council, nor are they in the 
and the only chance 18 on euch as "war." By the expérience of the 
deliver their mail, drive their paat will the future correct errors. 
street car, do service at a dépôt or Some regret the split in the coun- 
on a train they are riding on or cil. We do not. It had to corne 
other service that is of a public Hometime and the eooner the bet- 
nature. ter. It will hasten the fédération 

Thia enod élément make more we hâve advised from the start. 
complaints against auch workmen A fédération which dîsplajs itaelf 
than ail the rest o£ the public, to on every train and engine, iu every 
do it is in keeping with their lives. office and yard, at every bench and 

While their clothing that shows anvil that recoguize but one class- 
may hâve a gentile appearence, ifieation — that ail honest workera 
two out of three will hâve under- are men and wonmi. Any other 
clothing that is ragged and filthy, classification is not only superflu- 
ail they hâve is on the outside. ons but can be disastrous to the 

They are, aa a whole, the most interests oE labor. 
detested élément in Society; their It is fortunate that the "war" 
character they cannot disguiae started when a large body of rail- 
loug with those who often see road meu were not facing a seri- 
them, their whole life is one of ous stmggle, they may now awake 
false pretences. They cannot be to the fact that "fédération does" 
classed with the wealthy for they not "esist," after ail, and while 
hâve not got the lucre; they are congratulating themselves at its 
not of what is known aa the mid- being discovered at so favorable a 
die claas, for the common sensé, time, take ateps to make it what it 
brain and brawn necessary are ahould be. 
lacking. It would not be strietly ^^^^^_^^^ 

true to claaa them with the de- 

graded and criminals; they must The govemor of Tennessee has 
be a sort of froth that the cauldron had to face a difficulty that many 
of the world brings to the surface, in similar positions hâve hatl to 
When the progressive men of the face before — to enforce law, when 
world reorganize aociety ou a bet- it was against the popular idea of 
ter économie System they will right and juatice, and, in this case, 
snrely be the pauper élément. when it was not wanted by the law 

___^_^^_^^ makiug power — the people of his 

atate. He bas shown wiadom in 

"The crowned heatls at war," a moving so cautiously; to hâve 
eequel to "Fédération of the su- acted differently would not bave 
preme," which caused so much improved matters in the least. 
commotion among their "majea- As to the miners, they did right. 
ties," wheu it appeared in theae When men find that aomething 
pages, a correapondent urges us to must be doue at once, and they do 
make a aubject for thèse pages, be- tbe only thing that can be doue 
cause of the late disturbance in they cannot go wrong. Common 
the suprême council. We con- juatice makes it right for man to 
sider that the intereata of the rauk kill in self défense. The miners 
and file demanda nothing of the foundthemaelvesinsuchaposition, 
kind at présent. Their interesta that they displayed well disciplîn- 
are working out very well as it ia ed détermination, ■wa.'s. Ni\iSkV ^"^^~-, 
and by tbe time the "war" is ovec veiiteà^AooôsVç.ô-^^Ktï^-^VQ-^w^Q- 



hâve believed they did not niean etart with a fact, and not with a theory, 

it if they had acted différent, now ie wonld eee that a rise of wagea either 

cantilude they did. for aU o»^ » Part hae always been a 

Success dépends a great deal in beneflt to everybody. And then he 

haviog it understood that it is would aak how bas it happened to be 

meant to be had. Magna Charter bo? Then be would eee that a raise 

was granted thatway. The Freuch of wagea took money ont of the manu- 

King, one hundred years ago, to fticturer'B surplue to atart with, next 

his Borrow, finally fouud ont that that surplus wasalwayegrowinglarg^r 

the people meaut it. It should because the increasod -wagea of work- 

not be necessary that the earneat- mea gave increased sales to the factory, 

ness of a move of a people ehoiild whichenabledmanufectureretoreduoe 

be demonstrated in that way iiow, priées at the same tlme, and provido 

but a Httle of it may remove the steadier work. Ako that when the 

necessity, forit iaanecessityunder surplus became perilously small, ma,&- 

a govemment like ours because of fectnrers were compelled to iojprove 

the people's failure to look ahead. machinery eo aa to produca more at 

"A stitch in time eaves nine," but lesacoet, and ao reimbu rae themaelvee. 

if the stitch is neglected it be- Another writer inquirea whetber "a 

cames necessary to take nine. remedy can be found" to the need of 

That was the neceseity in Tenues- violence in atrikes? He anggeata noue 

see. It is better than taking none bimeelf, but writea in a very temperate 

at ail. It may be discrétion to apirit. If we might lend bim a hand 

submit to a roblier, but if the op- we should say thatatrikea decrease in 

portunity theu or afterwards pre- violence slowly, and this was alreftdy 

aents its right to knock him over. scarcely more than violence in the 
conflicts of individual re- 

The Union Paciflc Employés' Maga^ lationa. It therefore tends toavanish- 

zine cornes to us, says The Social Econo- ing point. And there will be atill leas 

mtat, as a type and symbol of the eom- need for it wben employas and work- 

inç man and the coming world. Tbe meu both understand that increaging- 

. âge is indeed progressing wben wage» U the natural law of 

mechanics tbinkand publiab. Wesup- with which go an increasing niark< 

pose the dons will smile in a superior larger sales, greater profita and lo' 

manner when we say that tbe maga- priées. 

zine bas more importance and clear "We fail to be couvinced by oi 

eense by far tban many which come critic. So long as the employ< 

from the aebools and universities. (manufacturer) has control of tl 

Still we shonld not be our&elves if we product of labor, just so long 

did not hâve criticism to make. The he the power to regulate hîa 

writer on "proBperity and Wages" ceutage of gain, his increaaing si 

seems to tie himslf up in a double bow- plus adding to this power, aud, aS' 

knot of difficulties before he geta ail cornes from labor, labor must 

through, and lends us but little help supply this to him; whether it be 

when he concludea that each must set- in less wages or higher cost of 

tletheae questions for himself. Tohim what he consumes. While, with 

"the wage-question" stands thus; If increased wages, the surplus 

ail receive a proportionat« increaee is temporarilly reduced during the 

of wages, if anything reanlts, ail are procesB of production, by the way 

worse o£f tban before. If a few get the of the market it comes back to the 

increase— tbat représenta a loas to manufacturer from the consumer 

the others. So tbat nothing is gained with tbe addîtional peieentage on 

bjr advocatâng an increase of wages the increased uumber of dollar» 

for ail or a part. If tbis writer woald reprefteivteà. 


The producers (wage eamers) It ia a favorite argument with 
are ihe major part of society, and many that the liquor traffic is the 
also consume the major part of the cause of ail oiir social îlls, tbat 
product, both facts mnst be taken if workingmen would leave drink 
mto considération in estimating alone there wou!d be no complaint 
hie relative condition. The Ecoiio- about poverty. Admitting the 
mist would hâve us consider hlm avowed ourses of the liquor traffic, 
only as a wage eamer and woiild and that humauity would be bet- believe, judging from its ter off without it, would not 
argument, that the mau receiviug poverty and dégradation still re- 
ten dollars per day iu wages and main if those économie conditions 
was obliged to pay from this nine that make millionaires still con- 
dollars and ninety-nine cents for tinuetomakepaupers.andarethey 
the necessities for cousumption uot also the primary cause of in- 
would be better off than if he re- tempérance. 

ceived but one dollar per day and ' le not dispair the mother of in- 
paid ont but ninety-eight cents tempérance? Are not those econ- 
for those necessities, uotwithstand- omic conditions the raother o£ dis- 
ing hewould be really better off at pair? 
the days end on the lower rate. ^^^^^^^^ 

Machinery h as lowered priées 
some, but not as it has increased The observation, that an ei 
profits to capital, which, owuiug nent jurist once made, that 
the machines, haa increased the statute is enaeted that a et 
power of ita position by them. and four cannot be driven through 
The lowering of priées bas re- it," is well illnstrated in the work- 
lieved some what the strain that ings of the Chînese restriction, 
this increased power of capital has the interstate commerce, the alien 
placed on labor or there would contract and eimilar laws that 
hâve been an éruption long ago. hâve been offered, as a pala- 
It has corne, however, aa a caution- tive to the demands of the 
ary meagure rather that through people, by our legialators both 
the exercise of an économie law, of the nation and atates. A law is 
and from the same cause increased enaeted, supposedly to cover cer- 
wages relieve strikes, as it hides tain demanda, accoraplish certain 
temporary, what haa been realized objecta that are certainly in the 
as a wrong and excites the etrike. miuds of the jjeople when they 
It créâtes an illusion. make the demands, the text of the 

We can do uo better than to re- law seems to be eufficient, but 
peat our former concluaions, that when it comes to be enforced it 
"there is aomething wrong we ail does not work that way at ail. 
know when men willing to work Some jndge, hidden behind his 
starve in a land of plenty. If musty books and the antiquated 
regulating wages will not do it, ideaa of a past âge, décides what 
aomething else must be sought," was intended, or if it cannot be 
and, it must be something that got around that way a constitu- 
wili Bupercede the wage ayatem in tional way is fouud to annul it, 
its intirety. We are not tied to Cannot aome way be found to give 
any plan of doing this; it is safe the people what they demand, or 
enough to leave that for maukind at least keep the judges iu step 
to do when they realize the need with the âge, 
of it. We are doing our beat at ^^^^^__^__ 

présent to bring them to that 
realization. "Eiitv^ \'s, s, \îi.t.-3 Ps.e'à.-ïfe" j 


SOME KNOTTY THOUGHTS FROM A is off drinking, but then he attends 

■'HELPER." church quite regularly and in some 
things lives up to its teachings and I 

Circumstances over which I hâve do not, so we average about equal on 
had little control bas placed me in a that. I find that I am quite as weli 
Bubordinate position in my daily posted on tbe affairs of tbe day as he 
work, I am known as a '^helper." and can read and write as well, but in 
Great skill, I am not paid for; yet in tbe bandicraft I find be is abead of me, 
my daily work I do, in one way or an- tbougb I work as bard and as much as 
otber, tbe same as tbe man I belp is be, but it is increased expérience only 
paid for, and I am gradually acquiring tbat bas put bim abead and that is 
knowledge tbat is enabling me to do wbat I am after, so I find tbat tbis as- 
more. Tbis is encouraging to me, for suming superiority rests entirely on 
in time it means tbat I can command tbe matter of bandicraft, tbe question 
more pay, and more pay will give me of skill gained by expérience. * * 
and mine, more of tbe desires of life. Tbe labor question bas been interest- 
It seems as if I could be bappy witb a ing me considérable tbe past few years. 
fair field before me, tbat in making I bave come to tbe firm conclusion 
use of it I would improve my con- tbat sometbing is wrong in our laws or 
dition and make it possible for my our notions of our treatment of one 
cbildren to be better off for a start anotber, which is wbat our laws are 
than I was. I notice tbat tbe greater supposed to represent, and in the 
majority of the men I belp were once troubles that come up, tbe "skilled" 
helpers tbemselves, tbat it was througb fellows that I belp are just about as 
tbis cbannel tbey acquired skill that badly efiected as I am; tbat the g^reat 
now gives them better wages than me. corporations and trusts tbat bleed the 
Tbis ought to encourage me, but be- people do not make any différence in 
cause of otber circumstances I am the treatment of us fellows that work, 
not. * * There seems to be a désire unless it is to make us fight one an- 
among some of such to keep me back, otber; that in ail thèse gênerai ques- 
to tie me and those similarly situated tiens we ail talk so much about, we 
to where we are, to restrict the number bave ail about tbe same kick; and sncb 
that are capable of doing their work. organizations as are trying to improve 
* * thèse matters bave found me a snp- 

The man I am instructed by our porter, wben I could get in them, by 
'*bo8s" to "belp" in his daily work, my présence and mite if nothing 
lately joined the union. It, perbaps, more, and tbe mite bas come from 
is only my immagination, and not small wages, too, at times. So under- 
baving been "educated" as some bave standing that tbis union the man I 
been, am unable to judge in such mat- helped had joined, was a labor organi- 
ters, but it seems to me, since he joined zation, I asked bim regarding it, what 
tbe union he bas had a disdainfùl re- its objects were. He said it was to 
gard for me, as if I was considerably elevate tbe trade, give aid to members 
inferior to him. Tbat impression bas and advance and maintain wages, etc. 
come over me at least. I beard him As I am quite anxious to elevate my- 
and anotber "skilled" man kicking a self by leaming more of the trade, I 
short time ago because "a d— helper" said I would like to join. Tbe con- 
had been given some work to do. I temptious look be gave me wben I 
bave tried to satisfy myself as to tbe intimated that, and be said, "we take 
wby of tbis inferiority. Morally— I do in only skilled men," cbilled me to the 
not see, considering ail things, that heart. I asked him bow be expected 

there is much différence between him tbat would belp bim. "Well," he said, 

and I. I occasionally bave to take a "there are too many plugs who woric 
day belping some otber man while be at tbe trade now and we propose to 


keep them ont, every man that gets to Coald it be possible that any event 

helplng a while thinka he oan work at would arise that would juetly cause 

the trfide and we inteod to make them anyone to apply ît to me? No, I be- 

keep tiieir place after thie." My ask- lieve I would be justifled in injuring 

ing him how long Bince he wae helping the one that did; but, I hâve thought 

did not make him any raore gracioua. of what my duty would be in case the 

* * If it be true that they can carry "eMlled union men" should eonciude 

out thia, my hope for advaucement is to go on a etrike; of course I would 

goue; I am moat too old to etart as an bave nothing to say in sucb a, move, 

apprenties if I aaw an opening for it; eapecially if it was to establish a rule 

I wanted to do that years ago but did to keep ue helpera Seota advancing; 

not bave a chance, besides, the daily anything they would etrike for would 

work I would be doing then, would be not be in my behalf, and while they 

about the same as it ia now, but the are out I migbt gel expérience on 

man I help migbt not be ao prejudiced work that they bave tried to keep me 

againatme, and I cannot aatiBfy myself from, and thua I would get more of 

as to wby, atill I can see no material the akill I am deairoua of obtaining. 

advantage and I discover that most of If they were aucceBeful it would prob- 

the "skilled" men around me were, ably mean that I would be kept back 

Qotloug^o, doing as I am; but if I woree than ever, it aeems therefore 

try to learn, I am, according to my that ail my intereate lay on the aide of 

"skilled" fellow-man's idea, injuring tbeir defeat. If it was a réduction 

the cauae of labor, for I would be do- of wagea that effected me it would be 

ing juBt contrary to what the union certainly my duty to atay with the 

wants doue; for to satisfy them I am crowd, but if only the "skilled" men, 

not to do what will benefit myself, I do not know as it would, for the 

wbich does not seem sensible. I cer- question would then only be, whether 

taiuly abould bave the same right as I would not get leaa wben I got the 

any of them, and it does not seem to akill to command the wages they get, 

me that the "moral code" should be or whether I got the skill to get more 

carried so far as to make one violate it at ail or not; and the question would 

if he improved hia poaition by acquir- be whether I would not be better off 

ing akill and knowledge, It would be with the skill at less wages, than my 

quite as sensible to my notion, to say présent wa^es and no skill. The ekiUed 

that we should not ask for wagee above men aeem to think it tlieir interest to 

what would give us the bareat exista preveut me earning more wagea, and 

ence, becauae it would injure the em- if only my wagea were eut they would 

ployer's chances of getting rioh not come to my aasistance from tbeir 

as quick, * * union atandpoint, and they will not 

The only coneluaion I can come to now admit me to the union in time of 

then, ia that it ia for my interest to peace or consider me a factor in doing 

oppoee thia union, fopitsBucceBsmeans them any good and I cannot see why 

diapair to me, and the man I belp and I should conaider them in time of 

I mufit be enemies, so long as he would trouble. They would hâve Iota of 

try to advance himaelf at my expense. "gall" to aak me to then; they mighc 

To change thia he would bave to admit offer me some inducement to stay 

that I bave ail the rights he has or with them, but couid I consider it in a 

ever did bave; he must agrée with me fair Ught; it would be like aceepting a 

to work for each others good, against bribe from an enemy. 1 certainly 

the one that would injure both of ua. would not be "scabbing" if I kept to 

I hinted thia to him but ail the anawer work when the atrike was ouly for 

I got waaeomemumbling about "scab." their interest, " " 

That is a word that has always im- I asked a friend about thia «tA "V* 

plied to me aomething to be deteated. teUa me \î \ rX»,!*^ '«^ -wOT^t \^. -«w^5>- 


aid to make the strike a failure and vancement in no way makes a need of 
that would be against labor's interest the pulling down or keeping back of 
as it would put the company on top another, but on the contrary; would 
and make them a greater monopoly ox>en to every individual fùU swïiy for 
than ever, and I would suffer then, but intelleotual, industrial and moral Brd- 
I pointed out that I would suffer if the vancement, and that is the reason why 
other side won. * * It looked to me the selfish, narrow-minded and,cori)or- 
just as if the real labor question had ation monopolies always hâte it so. 
nothing to do with affairs of that * * In thinking over thèse questions 
nature, it simply being a fight between I hâve come to thèse conclusions: 
a monopoly and a would-be monopoly. 1. That organizations of working- 
This somewhat puzzled my friend. It men which seek to advance their mem- 
certainly startled me when I reached bers by keeping others back is in no 
the conclusion that in the name of sensé of the word a labor organization 
labor's interest aristocracy and mon- 2. That to fight such is doing good 
opoly could be propagated. * * It work for humanity. 
must be then in the interest of the 3. That if the man I help goes out 
corporation, my friend said, to keep on a strike for what he says his organi- 
up thèse class divisions and set one set zation is going to do; that, it is only 
of men against anocher. I told him I not scabbing if I fill his place as far ajs I 
could see it in no other light, and that can, but I would be scabbing against my 
I knew corporations fought hard ail own interests and those that are, or 
organizations that brought ail classes may be depending on me and the beat 
together for a common purpose of ad- interests of humanity if I did not; 
vancing humanity, and there must be that in the question of helping one of 
some reason for it, and that was why I two monopolies I am to answer it by 
did not want anything to do with helping myself 

them. I do not want to aid the real 4. That the only true plan oforgani- 
enemy and thus make myself in my zation for workingmen is the one that 
own estimation the worst kind of a makes an injury of one the concem of 
scab. * * Some one proposed we ail; that strives to make it possible for 
helpers form a union, and I asked for every man to stand only on the pedis- 
what purpose. To promote our in- tal of his own personal worth. 
terests he said, and then we could If I am wrong I hope some one more 
"federate" with the "skilled" men. "skilled" than I will point it out for I 
But I said it is our interest to get skill am seeking for knowledge and the 
and the pay for it, and it is for the abo ve are only the conclusions of a 
interest of the skilled men for us to do Helpbr. 

as much of their work as possible, ^^^^^^^rr^^ 

making their jobs easy, but not to get WHY ARE LAWYERS EXCLUDED FROM 
the pay for it. Two such opposing THE KNIGHTS OF LABOR? 

forces could not federate, even if we 

did, in name, we would simply be the In order to form a proper estimate 

cat's paw to pull out their chestnuts of this important question, I think it 

with, it would simply aid in tying us will be necessary to inquire what the 

to our présent condition and not aid in Knights of Labor are laboring to ao- 

increasing our industrial worth in the complish, and what measures are 

leaat. * * necessary to successfùUy effect our 

I hâve been a member of the K. of ends. The Knights of Iiabor is an 

L. for some time and the more I see organization devoted to the cause of 

and think of the question the more humanity. Its fundamental princîple 

satisfied I am that it is the only plan is, "an injury to one is the concem of 

of org'ânîzation that eau be in the real ail." It is cosmopolitan in its nature 

interest of the masses. Its plan of ad- neît1[ieT cteed, csjatô^ or social condi- 


tion affording any Une on which ita for the protection of our liberties, and 

members may divide. Its whole ob- the perpétuation of our ftee institu- 

iect is to promoteandestablish jnatice, tions. He bas been placed in the 

and popularize tbe truth, tbat "in- higheet positions of trust and bonor. 

dustrial and moral worth, not riches He ha« been aingled ont to controll 

or position, is the true and only stand- and shape the destinies of this great 

ard of individual and national great- and glorioua country. In ail affaixs, 

nesB." Theorderof Knigbtsof Labor national, etate, country and city, he 

resorts to no trickery, accepta no has been accorded undisputed author- 

brii>es, violâtes no natural or moral ity. Surely the opportnnities to do 

law, interfères with no gTL'und princi- good, the honors, and the publie trusta, 

pie of govemment, but by publicly reposed in lawyera sbould hâve been 

declaririg its aime and purpoeea, leaves aufflcient to bave repaid them for loyal 

ita vails open for the admission of ail, and patriotio service. Had they, in 

who are faitht^il to their country and their great opportunities, acted jastly, 

fraternal to their feilow men. Dnder and used their great influence and 

its comprehenaive and wise principlea power to promote justice and equality, 

ail honeat people sbould unité, and the order of the Enighta of Labor 

concentrate their energiea for the would never bave classifled them with 

Bupremacy of justice and huraan gamblere and mm-aeliers, or cioaed 

righte. No organization formed by their veila against them. The history 

man has ever formulated grander of our country is a aad history of the 

ideas, and none bave more peraistently perfldity, duplicity, averice, and cun- 

labored in the cause of humanity. It ning of the lawyer. Prom the White 

la the only order in exiatence tbat House to the humblest log cabin in 

champions the cause of the poor and tbeae United States, may be traced, 

downtrodden, by exerting ail its in- tbe baneflil effects of their handiwork. 

fluences at tbe very roots of social No pledge bas been to aacred for them 

wrongsî In ita honorable pursuite, to violate. With a high hand, and an 

prudence bas dictated tbat certain pro- ont«tretched arra, hâve they elevated 

fessions are not calculated to fit men ihe standard of injustice, corruption 

for the noble and disintereeted work and ftaud. They hâve brought tha 

demanded of its members. Lawyers, Golden Rule and ail ideae of great and 

gamblera and rum-sellers areexcluded. noble minds to ridicule. They bave 

The pemicious influences of gambling trampledunderfoot our Déclaration of 

and drunkenness are well known, and Independence, and hâve deBed the pro- 

I believe fully aufflcient to warrant visions of our constitution. They hâve 

our noble order in excluding ail, who compromised truth and honeaty of 

are interested in tbe promotion of purpose. They bave sown in our 

thèse vices, ft-om membership, They midst dissention and confliaion. They 

occupy but an inferior position in tbe bave robbed the widow and orphan, 

Society and civilization of this âge. Not content with robbing tbe living, 

Education or refinement are not nec- they bave plundered the dead. They 

eesary qualifications for eîther the one bave deatroyed our liberties, and aold 

or the other. Ignorance and crime a iVee people, as slaves, to monopoly. 

are natural conséquences of their They hâve enacted laws and so con- 

vicions pursuîts. With the lawyer, it atructed them, to allow the plutocrat 

is entirely différent. He must be and apeculator to appropriate to hia 

higbly educated and refined. Hia po- own use almost tbe entire proceeda of 

sition is on the topmost rang of the anothers labor. In a word, no clas» 

social laddera. He is a leader in society of men, hâve oontributed ho iargely 

and acouncillor in our national affaira, they bave to destroy human riglitsand 

The lawyer has been delegated by a human happineas. 
confiding constituency, to enact lawa In ttveit ■oeîa.-nQia.ft ■ç'farfi<iies. '<fe.'a'3 




protected by spécial législation of their Ail indnstry, as long as it is honest, 
own invention; it is utterly impossible is respectable; but we most be oareftil 
to arraign them before a tribunal of not to lose sight of the dignity which 
justice; and the only resort an institu- every honest man feels who eams his 
tion like the Knights of Labor hâve, is bread by his own exertion. 
etemally close their doors against There are two classes for whom it 
them. might be well to prove the dignity of 

DusT. usefùlness. It ofben happens that a 

~— — ^"^"^^"—^ man gains distinction fpom the exer- 

BLESSED BE DRUDGERY. ^^ of his intellect, but this distinction 

is the price of his effort and it not 

Work for tbe still water faileth, always being profitable in money, he 

Idleness ever despaireth, bewaileth, ig obliged to foUow the humble efforts 

Keepthewatchwoandforthedarkrostassaileth, ^^ ^ tradesman in order to gain a 

Flowers droop and die in the stillness of noon. « i • • 

Franges Osoood. means of hving. 

William Godwin, while engaged in 

The Creator has given for man' s use, writing many remarkable works, was 

the rough materials, including the sur- obliged to keep a book-seller's shop in 
face of the earth; and in order to order to obtain a humble living. Mil- 
avoid famine, labor came down. Labor ton, while penning some of the tracts 
was the son of necessity, the nurseling which were acknowledged to hâve 
of hope, and the pupil of art. He told great infiuence in public affairs, was 
us to look forward and see fpom contented to live mainly by teaching 
whence ail our pleasures and safety a f©w young men in his own house. 
were to come. AU the value of a pièce It seems hard that a man of superior 
of land arises from the improvements intellect should be confined to such 
and adaptions which human labor has humble drudgeries for the sake of sup- 
given it. It is by the power and dispo- Port. But, on the other hand, it must 
sition of man that we at last succeed; appear as a great matter that by the 
no matter what the labor may be, exercise of certain gilts one may not 
whether the exercise of high intellec- only secure his own independenoe, b.ut 
tuai faculties or the exertion of mère ^e respect and gratitude of others. 
bodily strength toward some humble The other class are those whose for- 
purpose. In gênerai, we work for tune has placed them beyond the 
bénéficiai résulta, in particular, for the necessity to work. This is the class 
benefit of some one dearer than one's which, as is sometîmes found, think 
self. aiiy kind of useful employment is be- 

There is a kind of dignity which be- low their dignity. Those, who form 
longs to ail labor; a kind of pride this opinion, unquestionably, commit 
which we feel elevating us in the a great mistake. Those persons, who 
meanest drudgeries. Différent kinds take their share in ail public business 
of business hâve différent degrees of from the législation down to the repair 
importance attached to them, accord- of roads, show that it is possible to be 
ing to the nature of faculties which useful witheut losing dignity. 
they respectively call into opération. A large proportion of the cases of 
We naturally would look with greater crime and suffering, which exists to- 
respect on an exercise of the highest day in the civilized world, comes from 
intellectual powers, than on the exer- people that do not understand that 
tion of the hands in some labor calling work is a necessity. They do not 
for little skill. But the respectability, understand that produce and wealth 
of which varions degrees are attached a-re interchangeably connected by a 
to différent kinds of labor, is alto- law of mutual dependence. Men do 
gether independent of the dignity not acknowledge this law,and in trying 
which belongB to ail labor. ^ évade it, they either fail of the de- 


sired resnlts, and remain ignorant and unconacioUBly tumed to Utorati 
misérable, or resort todiahonestmeana, and the créatures of hisbrain found 
ThiBcIasBofpersonsprobablyhopethat welcome and sympathy that his artis- 
by aome Iiook or crook they can cheat, tic work never would ha" 
or do away with tbie immutable law. to command. 
The law of economy and necesaity ia An idle and vacant life, with ail the 
that a, certain quantity and qaality. of aid that amusements can gîve, ia not 
work must be done in order to produce calculated to be a happy one, simply 
good résulte. because providence haa embued ua 

We muât not feed where we hâve not with a désire fco activity. IdJeness in- 
furrowed, nor be clothed where we jures and diaorganizes, while activity 
hâve not woven. If we want knowl- préserves health and secures the pro- 
edge, we must toil for it; if food, we longatîon of life. 

must toil for it; if pleasure, we must We gain mental, moral, and phyaical 
toil for that. strength from work. My classmat«s 

The geniuB of Thaeberay waa de- bave been working hard and hâve 
veloped by the necesaity to work. He thereby gained moral and mental 
was bom in Calcutta, 1811; bis father strength. 

waa in the service of the Eaet India Take the différent eciencee; they are 
Company, and dying young, he left not only laid before mankind aa a 
Thackeray a large fortune. When study, but they hâve proven tbem- 
Thackeray was about seven years old, selves to be the moat valuable traînera 
be was sent to England and placed in ofthemind. It is wonderful to thinkof 
the Oharterhouee school, where he re- what improvemente and invention» 
mained for aeveral years. He next hâve been made within the last cen-,, 
went to Cambridge University, but tury; and still the minda of men con->' 
left it witfaout taking adegree. Itwas tinue to think deeper and deeperj' 
hia wiah to become an artist; conse- Each olasHiOcation of the différent 
qaently he spent the greater part of branches of service bas ite own de- 
bis fortune in frying to accomplish hia velopraent for the intellect. We do 
object by studying in Paria and Rome, not reach the highest attainment at 
However, bis drawinga continued to once, but atep by step. Science gives 
showmanyinaccuracies, and, althougb, us the iieat means for observation, and 
not without notieeable merit, still they promotes our mental faculties by for- 
lacked touches of a master hand. nishing ua with bo many things about 
Having apent ail hia fortune in travel- ua tiiat hold our intereat and flz our 
ing and unanccessflil spéculations at attention. 

home, he was now ibrced to settle Let us look at man when he is en- 
down and work. He, therefore, de- gaged in bending over his stone and 
cided to adopt literature aa a profea- raortar, ponnding, thumping, and 
sion, and bs a reault, wrote numeroua aweating to make hia atone into a bet^ 
enjoyable books, of which Vanity Pair ter form. Ail the time he ia gaining 
iaperhaps the most widely read. great phyaical strength, while to shape 

Thackeray said of himeelf, that he hia stone well and to the line, his 
owed the development of hia literary thonghte must be centered upon the 
genius to the fact that he had bia work before him. 

choice between labor and want; or de- Consider the humble drudgeries of 
pendence which ia worse than suffer- everyday life. A boy is performing 
ing from privation. He posaessed no such drudgeriea as carrying coal and 
natural love for active employment, wood for a living, or a girl is working 
but waa dreamy and indolent, flnding in the kitchen. You aay it ia degrad- 
great pleasure in society or letting ing. How can it be degrading when 
time drift on. When the necessity to they are using to advantage the i^tî 
work waa brought forcibly to him, be gifts, which. Goi Va» ^v5«iïv'<!&'e.T&- '^^" 

id »^^M 


a blessing to us that we hâve some one till, and excavate better. The shipe, 
to do this dmdgery, and to the boy or railroads, buildings, scienoe^ arts, in- 
g^rbit may be the door that shuts ont ventions, and a tho>ii8and things that 
the wolf ; or if the person be ambiti- we might mention which we hâve we 
ous and energetic, the drudgery may owe to labor. How muoh more we, 
be but a stepping stone to something as private citizens, owe to our firiends 
higher and better; for ail things be- and neighbors. Those men, who drafb- 
come higher and better when we ed the Déclaration of Independence, 
hâve the ability to reach up and grasp. worked for our benefit that we might 
Morever, it is a duty to ourselves and be a free and independent people. 
Society, to descend the scale until we Qeo, Eliot says: '*That things are 
findsome meansof usefulemployment. not so ill with y ou and me as they 

We must hâve a fixed habitation, might hâve been is half owing to the 
The carpenter, who builds his shop number who hâve lived hidden livés 
and advertîses that he is ready to do and now rest in unvisited tomba." 
flrst class work, and the next day Why do we complain when we see 
moves his shop to some other place, and enjoy the benefits of so much good 
will not be able to do any good work. derived fpom labor. Complain not. 
It should be our aim in every condition The Spartan mother did not complain 
of our labor "To hitch our wagon to a when she brought the shield to her 
star." son and said, "With it, my son, or 

Let us hâve one object in view and upon it?" We also shall be rewaràed 
work toward it until we succeed; work and retum home in honor if we keep 
for those interests which divinities our shield in battle. 
honor; work to promote justice, love, Johannah Morganson, 

freedom, knowledge and utility. Every Aged 16 years. 

man has a right to choose his occupa- Evanston, Wyo., Public High School. 
tion according to his faculties, and by June 3 1891. 
doing this, we can fill the state with ,,^,__^^^^^^.^^ 

happy and useful laborers. It requires ixirc 

the congrégation of individuals, for it INEQUALITIES. 

is impossible for one man to work ^ . ~~ T. 

alone; and it is for the advantage of ^^ question for discussion at the 
each one of us that we work together. «Pf» meeting of L. A. 3218, Denver, 
What one individual cannot accom- Colorado, for June and July.was: Ine- 
pUsh or invent, others may. quahties. Why do they exist and how 

A certain degree of progress, from «*° ^^f^ ^ remedied? To bring ont 
the Savage State in which man isfound, f ^^^ T^^Y.^ aa possible, we sent a 
is called civilization; and it requires ^^^^\ *° leading business and profes- 
hard, constant work to get any people f ««^l '"«» ?f Denver, aaking for a 
ftom such a State to a civiUzed state. bnef expression oftheu: yiews on the 
It is mostly by commerce that we suc q»e«tion. ^^d the foUowing were re- 
ceed in doing this. ceived and read: 

The Phoenicians dififused intellectual R. W. Woodbury, Président Union 
knowledge which is to the world of to- National Bank of Denver, said: 
day and the individual so valuable. Deab Sm: — Your favor of May 27th 
They perfected the alphabet and also has been received and carefully read. I 

gave to the races along the Méditer- ?<> "»* ^o^. '1^* ^ can give jrou any 

^ .j J\ . . ideas of value upon the topics bosc- 

ranean Sea, ideas of learmng, science, gested, but I will say that I commwd 

and art, which they themselves had the gênerai discussion of any featores 

borrowed. tending to solve the main questions 

Think what the world owes to labor. between labor and capitol. , 

••TT """•"""''""'""'"*" "°° *" yy, You first inquire why meqnalities 

We nde four times as fast as our fath- exist. They existbecause natulrenever 

are did; travel, grind, weave, plant, makes exact duplicates. Dieie is 


r always a variation — a différence in whioh ia only another way of Btartlng 
[ looks, aize, weight, complesion, and in in fresh on the aame terme as when 
[ case of human beingB, of mental they first begun to work. It reqiiirea 
l capacity alao. Physioal or mental no argument to prove that it îs uaeleas 
■weaklings cannot compete on an equal- to the poor man, and unjust to the 
ity with their auperiora, and wnether weatthier, to acieede to the former'a 
'■ oontest be for bread, or renown, tbey reqnest. The inequalityactually exista 
must be vanquiahed. and muât of neceaeity continue. The 

If every infant was an exact dupli- question ia, what Bhall be done to 
cate of every other infant in physical Btimulate in the poorer man the exer- 
and mental poBsibilitiea, Btill no two oiee of those qualities whioh hâve made 
wonld reach the aame aegree of per- hia aesociate ''well-off." 
tfection and maturity, becanse of vari- I believe the most effective way ia 
allons in instruction, aasociatea, food, the posaeBsion of a cumulative interest 
and Bo fortii. It ia now generally in tne buainesa at which the poorer 
agreed that the affecte of environment man workB. Without hope of im- 
are of the highest importance in de- provement every man'a condition ia 
termining the condition of men. more or leas pitiable. Give him a 

How can equalities be "reraediedî" money interest in doing hia work con- 
If the inquiry meana, how can they be tmaouely well. Let hia iutereat in- 
extinguiahed, I will aay that I do not Çreaae aa time pasees on, and let it 
think it poaaible until ail life on thia dépend upon tirae bb well as merit. 
globe ceases. But preauming amelor- ^ime of aervice ahould be a great ele- 
ation to be sought— a bringing of ei- «lent in the détermination of an em- 
tremeBnearer-araÎBingoftheweakeror ploye'a ment. He who works well for 
lower, but not neceesarially a lowering J'^ars m any place la entitled to far 
of the Btronger and higher. I would gr^ater considération and is of far 
aay that the moat effective method greater value than he who work for a 
consiste in the création of a désire, an nionth and then in his unreat is eager 
ambition, in the minda of the young, t» leave, or froni his imperfect work ia 
to equal, to reach higher than their unaule to hold hia place. The latter ia 
fathers were able to do, but to exoel "o* entitled to anything but hia wagea 
only by atraightwork. Peraonalambi- «"■ ^°^ actual time employed. 
tion, backed by an honest purpose; ia . But the faithful man who pute yeara 
the lever that moves the world toward i°" iii^ empioyer'a buaineaa la worthy 
the better. This, you may say, how- °i something besidea his wagea. I 
ever, does not anawer the purpose; it ""ave never worked the idea out in de- 
takea too long; it doea not meet the re- tail> ""* I ^^ inclined to a belief in the 
quirementaofto-day. What ia needed annaal setting apart of a portior "' 
ia aomething to reach the caser -' thp T,«>fite t.n rhc n«.oH«„ «f = f,,,., 
those which we perso nally know. 

Without believîng that any plan . aervice 

reach every caae, 1 hâve for yeara '^^r^^°^ O^J^ij, idea whioh T would 

would reach many. Two young men ^^nae, Dut as you aay, 1 am a busy man. 
of twenty are in aubatantially eqnal Youra truly, 

poaitiona. One, however, savea every B. W. Woodbuby, 

dime he can, and the other, thinking 

that ten cents makes no material dit- , „ „, ^ „ , „ 

ference, spends hia. At thirty the •!■ ^- Ohoate, formerly Superintend- 
former haa a thouaand dollars. The ant Gulf Division of the Union Pacific 
latter bas nothing but his Ubor,though and at présent, Président of the Over- 

more aaving corapanion. The latter ^aid: 

proposes to inveet hia thouaand dollars "DeabSib:— Yourfavorof May27th, 

and désires the labor ci the other who asking my views on the économie 

haa in theae ten years become, through question between capilâi and labor, 

hia own improvidence, poor by com- and apeciflcally of the two questions: 

3on. The poor man déclares that First, 'why do inequalitîea exist,' and 

. thrii\ier one has had better op- aecond, 'how can they be remediedî' 

portunities and haa been favored by haa beeu at hand some days, 

fortune, but you and I neverthelesB I am glad to give you my views aa 

know better. However, he saya he reqeated, but of course the questions 

should be plaeed on an equalilw with are to me, aa to everYhoiTi id\s&,"^'«î'i 

his friend with the thouaand dollars, diffiouVt oties \o Kns^Bt,»:!^?^^-^!!^^;*;^ 



cannot reiterate views that are new to could be reduced to practice it wonld 

Union Pacific employés, especially in place thehumanraceinastateof taste- 

this state where mine hâve been so lesB enjoyment and stupid inactivity, 

often expressed before. which would dégrade the mind and 

The first question — there are so many destroy the happiness of social life. 

reasons why ine(]^ualities exist, that it When the laws allow a free circulation 

is almost impossible to specify them. to property by abolition of propetual 

Men are not bom equals, their oppor- entailments, the claims of primogeni- 

tunities are not equal and the sur- ture and ail inequalities of descent. 

roun(Mngs that are thrown around the The opération of the steady laws of 

child of working parents are such that nature, will, of themselves, présume a 

many times the bright intellect is proper equalization and dissipate the 

started on the wrong track. Thèse mounds of property as fast as they 

would seem to me to be the principles accumulate." 

^N^o^^lt S'XX"^rnÏÏri Baid He evldently did not foresee what 

before, is a very difficult question to "^© monopolization of land transpor- 

answer. My own idea is that to formu- tation and money, and the increasing 

late a permanent remedy it must be power of production by machinery 

done largely through each comine ^ouldleadto 

génération, and that by éducation and 

inculcating into the young mind that : 

the true way to success is by honesty, 

integrity and an ambition in life to ad- Arbitration has been looked forward 

vance himself beyond the condition of to by a good many people in this 

his parents and his fellow men, by country as the means by which labor 

heart and that his aim in life is to satisfactorily in most instances 

make himself so useful and so valuable ^hen fairly tried; as a récent 

to the capital that they cannot do ^^„^^i^ ^„ xv,^ «4.^1,^ ^4? 4.1, 

without his services, and in that way example, m the stnke of the 

to make himself a part of the capital street railway employés in Détroit, 

itself This is a principle that the Arbitration is supposed to be the leav- 

average working manrarelythinksof, ing of points in dispute, including an 

and 18, to my mind, the reason for the ,'„««^„„« ^« ^««^««I ,• 4. ^• 

great inequalities. increase or decrease in wages, to dis- 

To better one's condition one must interested parties. The worst trouble 
strive to advance to a condition that is in employing arbitration so far, has 
better than his, and, although, it is a been the assumption on one side or the 

^^^eVSce'L'r^e^^m'f^t^ïas^^^ «"eo*»»- ^^^ t^a* -«^e was right on 

indomnible will and the désire to make certain points, and hence thèse points 

the improvement. It can only be ac- could not be considered by the arbi- 

complished, however, by hard work trators. This appears as an extremely 

and longhours, and can never be ac- ^i,,.i/n4u^ /i^/i^™ ^*' +1,^ „ « u i. 

complished by trying to do as little as cl^^ldlike dodging of the question, but 

one can and getting as much as possible there is more of craftiness than child- 

for it. ishness in it. When one side is palpa- 

Idonotmeanby this that a work- bly right on any point in dispute, 

ingman should kiU himself by over- 4.ul«« J^n u« ^^ „ « v. 4. • ^ n. 

working, nor that he should never there wiUbe no question about intelli- 

have any pleasure or take any camfort ge^^t arbitrators seeing it without 

out of life. His aim should be ad- serions delay; this is one of the strong^ 

yancement, and he should so temper arguments in favor of arbitration. 

his pleasure that it would never mter- xrr. ^„ ^n-u^^ ^^-^.r ^^^^^.«o; «^-n 

fere with the accomplishment of the ^^^^ ®^*^®^ P^^^» professing a wiU- 

aim or task he has set before himself ingness to arbitrate différences, insista 

Yours truly, that there are points of différence in 

J. K. Choate. which it is so plainly right that it will 

not submit them to arbitration, it is 

Kent, in his comments on American entirely safe to conclude that this 

has the folio wing to say: party does not propose to settle by 

state of equality as to property is arbitration, and is employing subter- 

98Jble to be maintained, and if it fuge. — American Machiniat 



"Fve got a boy 14 years old, and l'm We eee examplea, in the labor pi-ess, 

discooraged about him," said a Brook- of certain membera of Unions, who 

lyn father to me the other day. continually abuse and blâme the offi- 

"Why?" ciala for the existence of ail evils, be- 

"I waot him to study law, but he cause every matter doee not go along 

hatea the idea." as it should, and according to their 

"What doea he leam to?" waye of tbinking and eeeing, Every- 

"Wante to be a machiniet, I wish he thingÎHnotasitshouldbeinanyUnion. 

had aome Benee." Membera are not what they ahould he. 

It'Btheboy who haa the sensé, in- Their actions are not what they ahould 

Btead of the father. If nature had be, and no officiai can make ail tbe 

întended him for a lawyer, he would wrongs right, and ahould not be held 

hâve taken that course without urging. accountable for snch. If a wrong ex- 

She ment him to be a crafteman, and ists near or far, and ia not righted, the 

the father shoald do everything to officiais get the blâme. Some mem- 

encourage bim. There waa a Urne bers are always rigbt, but they ever 

when the wisest of fathere pUioned to fail to flnd right in others. However 

make preachers, lawyers and docbors perfect the officiai may be, they can- 

of their boys, without référence to not bring about the perfection of the 

nature's gif»; but the world bas made organization, antil the members there- 

several révolutions aince then. No of bave obtained perfection themselves. 

man can achieve auecess who cannot —Waitera' Journal. 

put hia whole heart and his best sbill i i 

into hl. work, whether it be palnllnj ,^ j,^,^^ p^^^ Employa'. Mug.- 

landrape. or .hoeine ,. hop«. Hi, ^^^ j,MI,l,«i by dlrtotlon of D. A. 

profession or trademuat '■corne handy" 

!, Denver, Colorado, for April, 

to him, and tb.t oxpreaiion mean. ,^^, „„„„ou« article. wUcb are of 

thatb.sboald coltlvate the g.ll tlat i„,eH.t to the waje woAen, and tho» 

natnrobe.tow.upon M per cent ofths ,h„ 4e,i„ k, h, i„,„med of what 1. 

malepopnhition. The othet 6 per cont j , „„„ j, ^ day in the 

-thor» who never hâve a iMtcng to- „,„^ „„ven,ent.. imong article. 

' worthy of apecial note, n 

warda any particular tbing— becoœe 

day laborers and simply eke out an ^onr^'lB" wômlin"ïntere^ted .„ -„„ 

existence. You wOl seldom meet a Efforts of Induatrial Organii«ition," by 

trampwhohasn'ta trade of some sort Hypatia; "To Him that Hath," "United 

and youai not aak for parlsculara with- j^^ g^^„^^„ ^y Blacksraith, and a com- 

out his replying: monsenae article, on "Mob Law," rela- 

"Yes, l'vegot a trade, but I can't tive to the late riot at New Orléans.— 

make a go of it, and get tbe bounce -p^g Qj^i^ FreemOBon. 
whenever I strike a Job." -— ^-_— — ^.^^^— 

He aimply learned the wrong trade, 
and in nine caaea out of ten it wae a Don't worry becauae you are not a 
trade to pleaae hia fether inatead of brilliant man. Brilliant meu don't 
himaelf. Pind me the lawyer without accompliah as much in the long run as 
clients, the physician without patiente, tbe one who doea a little every day. 
the JoumaUst roving about, the me- Keeping everlafltingly at it is what 
chanic walking the streete, and l'U a«complishes reau!t*i. You are ail right 
prove to you each began life wrong so long aa you accompliah an object, 
end to in the matter of vocation.— Jlf. make a point, or advance a step each 
Quad in New York Worlà. day. You will move slower per hoar 
^^^^_^^^^_ but faster per year, Your brilliant 
men make magniflcent jumpe, and 

"Even courage becomes more or leas look pretty while in the air — b\it ynss^ 

a matter of habit in time." oîteu\\^\.ci-»- 'ûcew «KnQ».OQsa.~i^- "^- 



Mabter and Servant In j dry to 
Bkkvant Hklper. The plaintiff, who 
was a " Machmist'B Helper," was 
dlrected. by defendent's foreman to 
couple cars in motion. This was a 
dangerous service, and waa not in the 
course of the employment for which 
the plaintiff had been engaged. H« 
was not instructed as to the danger, 
nor as to the proper method of doing 
the work. The court beld that the rule 
is well aettled that where, by authority 
of the master, an employé is taken 
froTO Ida ordinary occupation, and put 
to a service with whose dangers he 
is unacquainted, proper instruction 
Bhould be given him, that he need not 
be expoaed to needleea péril. The 
contention of défendant that the 
plaintiff had such a knowledge of the 
dangers, he incurred that it was un- 
neoessary to Inatruct him, ia not a good 
défense. If the plaintiff was huit 
because he n'as not instructed bow to 
do the work properly, and if he might 
hâve eacaped the iujury if such instruc- 
tdons had been giveji him, the company 
ia liable for the damages resulting to 

McDbbmott vs. N. y. Cent. Ry. 
Co., N. Y. S. C. Makch 11, 1891. 

Note. The relation of a fbreman to 
the employés ander him is of vital im- 
portance td the latter. In some sensé 
he Htonda as a vice principal and his 
négligence ia the neghgence of the 
company. If an employé undertakes 
to do a thlng outside the course of his 
T^rular employment, nnless specially 
ordered to do ao by the foreman, he 
cannot r^cover for an injury resulting. 
But îfthe foreman puta new and danger- 
ous dnty npon him without Qrst quali- 
tying him, the risk is not his own but 
Qtitt of his superior. 

Incompétent Forkman— Contbibc- 


U) Kcdon against the défendant to 
recover (br tbe death of one of ita em- 
ployés, which WM ocvmeioned by fkll- 
iTig through an opening in the tloor of 

a machine shop, into which they wero 
putting Home iron work, where it ap- 
peared that the deceased knew of the 
eKiat«nce of the dangeroua hole, and 
voluntarily chose to work near it to 
ttave labor. Tbe trial court dismisaed 
the eomplaint on the ground of con- 
tribntory négligence. Plaintiffs ap- 
pealed, alleging that the foreman was 
incompétent and négligent in permit- 
ting a dangerous trap to exiat near hia 

Held. That the eomplaint was 
properly dismissed, even tbougb the 
foreman in charge of the work was 
incompétent, the négligence in not 
covering the hole, and the deceased 
unuaed to tbe work be wae engaged in, 
yet if he voluntarily chose to work 
near the dangerous hole and suffered 
death, his représentatives cannot re- 

Swaktz vs. Cokneij. & Uo. et al 
N. Y. a. O., Mahch 11, 1891. 

Note. In the former décision the 
employé obeyed orders and was în- 
jured by reason of hia ignorance of 
the work and his foreman's neglectto 
inatruct him. In this caae plaintiffa 
tail to recover because the deceased 
was hired to do the work and volun- 
tarily chose to work near a dangerous 
opening potent to him, netwithetand- 
ing the foreman's négligence in per- 
mitting tbe opening to remain un- 


Neq Li QENCB— Liberty. 

'Where the foreman of a railroad 
ahop, provided an employé with a 
Jack-Bcrew and chain to draw down to 
a proper position a heavy spring in a 
locomotive. The epring waa nnosa- 
ally strong, and the chain broke with- 
out apparant cause, and the employé 
acting nnder instmctîona, was injored 
by the recoil of the spring. It waa 
proven that the chain had broken 
before when in siroilar nse, but of ifata - 
fiict the foreman neglevted to infonn 
tbe employé. 

Held. That ït waa n<e^ligence npoa 
the port of the foreman to supply the 
injnred employé nith a cb^n ot in~ 



Bnfflcient etrength to do the work, and Two foremen of gangs of section 
in tbe absence of any wamîng the men working independently of each 
Injured employa may recover for a other, but under thegamproad-master, 
damage growing out of the foreman's are fellow eervanta, and where a col- 
negligent act. liaion between their hand-ears ie oc- 

Krogstad va. Northehn Pac. Ry, oasioned by the négligence of one, and 
Co., MmN. S. C. 48, N. W. K., 409. reenlta in Injury to the other, the rail- 
— DiaoBEYEDFoRBMAN'aORDERS-LLA- road companyis oot liable, though as 
BiLiTY— RiBK. to the men under hinx the négligent 

Where the euperin tendent of car- foreman ia a vice principal, and la en- 
repairs in the defendanf a yard com- gaged at the time of the accident in 
plained of the violation of the raie keeping the track in repair, 
prohibiting awitchirg on the repair Shekrui va. 8t. Joseph Ry. Co., 
traeka withoat permission from the Mo., March 1891. 
foreman of the repaira. The yard- Note. The conrt întroduced that if 
master wae ordered to enforce thia a workman under tbe négligent fore- 
rule, and to hâve the oara on the repair man, had been injured, the eompany 
tracks raoved at a atated honr each would hâve been liable, but that the 
day. At that hour he aent a awitch- two foremeu were equal and therefore 
man and engioeer and engine to move fellow aervanta, in the matter com- 
cars nnder direction of the foreman of plained of, hence tbe eompany could 
of repaira, who ordered him to niove not be held responaible. 
certain cars, and warned them againat Porkmhn or Ya kd-M aster —Dis o- 
going upoti the track where deceaaed beyinq Instruction — Contributory 
wae working upon a jackcd-up ca.r. Négligence. 

Thia warning waa not heeded and in The deceaaed Waa an experienced 
the temporary absence of the foreman, yard brakeman, and employed in de- 
the awitch waa thrown open and the fendents yard to unconple cara. On a 
cars backed againat the car which fell dark night the foreman directed bim 
and Idlled him. to unconpie aonie cars that were atand- 

Held, That the eompany waa liable, iog atill, and tlien ride them baek on a 
eince the injury waa not an ordinan-y awitch, but inatcad of doing ao, he 
risk of the emplojTnent, notwithatand- signaled the engineer to back, and, 
ing the négligence of the train-men, atepping between the moving eare to 
and of the foreman in absenting hjm- uncouple them, waa killed. 
aelf while the switching wae being Held, In an action for damagea that 
done. he waa guilty of contributory negli- 

8t. Louis etc. Ry. Oo. va. Teiplett gence in undertaking to do the work 
Abk. s. C, March 15, 189I. in bis choeen way and no recovery can 

Note. A large number of repair- be had. 
men loae their livea while working on Richmond Ry. Co. va. Risdom 
cara in the repair yarda. The mie Admr., Va. S. C, AprilS, 1891. 
adopted by moat conrta ia, that a rail- Links— Injury to Brakemen — Un- 
toad eompany, in pntting a car on a safe Links— Evidence. 
repair-track, wbereon are other oara, 1. A brakeman who had hts hand 
under which ite employés are at work, crushed while attempting to couple in 
should, to prevent a collision and the dark, two cars with draw-beada, at 
conséquent injury, exercise that de- at an equal hight from the track, can 
grée of care which very careful and recover for his injuries, where the 
prudent men eierciae in their own eompany had failed to furnieh auitable 
affaira. (See Railroad Co. va. Davia, links for such couplinga, and the con- 
Ala., S. C, 8 Southern Rep. 6ô2.] ductor ordered plaintiff to take the 

Foremen — Section Gangs — Coi^ unauitable link with which he attem.çfe- 
LI9I0N— Fellow Servant. ed to niate ywi cQ'o.çW.-a'i^. 

rvrox PACIFIC ejiflotes' uagause. 

2. WhmwttUBTMmdllwtUiecxnB- 

I .JHiwiutttmH 

iffVfipIlMlwlthaaltablelinlM for tlie 
rnn (m wbfth Ib* Bodâent oocnmd fai 

hrjiVKk, T. A O, Bv. Oo, vu. 8wp- 
W(N, lUiU}. H. a, Maiu.1I 20, 1801. 

MimitM LiKK-<!oimiiBUToiiv Nko- 
uiiKMc» ffmatt. 

In un Mitlon U> r«iover for an Injury 
wlinrHti II niijmantd tltAt when tfae 
Injlircil liriiki'inuii wiM Hbout bi make 
a ("tii|illntc II" dlMouvorod thaï the 
(KMiiflliiK Jtnk wiui niiuNltiic, and thnt 
Itut b(imtiHrii»r tho two cnrn were in 
iMiiitMit wlUi MUth otbur. H» then 
Mipunilxil tho twti oam Ity mean» of a 
Idvor, iinil, linvlntc prouured a tluk, 
wntiL Iwlwtxiii Lhfl oarn, ikiid wua en- 
iltnivorliiit to luMsrl It when t}ie cara 
<iii1I1(1p(1, dauiilnic Ihu InJurinH oom- 
lilnlnml (>r. 

Hfltt, Tiiut tho oviiluiico wiM HufH- 
«leiib tiaMUiipiirlii llmlliiif thaï Uiu hi- 
Jumil cinployo wiu nul fc^Hty of uon- 
liFlliiiUiry iio(tliB*»"*>i '" ■">'' uslng a 
(HitipIlnK-iMok, liy mnaiiK of wliloh oare 
«imUl hn rnupled wltliuut s^tng be 
twcpii tJtniii, tui rt>iiuln<d by defuiidniibi 
riilo*, hIikv a oDUptliiK llnk uould not 
lit> liiR«>r(<oil l>y ntMuii of Huoh etlok, 
whU'b oi>nld b»> vinod only Ut ralae or 
loxWP thf tnv wkI of the Itnk when it 

Hkwhuun V». N. y. L. K. & W. Ry. 
€ti., N. Y. 8. U. Mahch 18»1. 
UuDiKti 0*k»-Ma!)tkk and Skr- 


Wlit^ra « ntUnwd oom|ianj- proriâ«â 
ivi\tiittr iSMra, and Itw sUkM TirrnmiMtj 
t<,i MK-tin- (ïKijiihl on liât wntbut a»- 
IwMUbiKl no nihw ftv Ibo loMUnK oT 
tiMutwv, »»a|jd « fÉiMntl on», nqi^ 
t»ir Mnvtojrw lo Klland *<«o tt* kNÀac 
«XM fMBM, to M» ttHit 11 U ptopttij 
wri mMjt «HHwd «Md n Itet tt «lAKot 

■ - - «Wl» OM OTIlM 

raie reqiàAig hunber loaded on liât 
to be «ecopeâ m ail caees rendered 
tbe négligence of tboee loading the 
cnn tmpatable to tbe company, eren 
tboa^ they were fellov servants of 
tlie decMued. Sacb a. raie is necesHuy 
and H sbotUd be feitbfolly followed, to 
glve reaaonable protection to the com- 
pany'B employés, and, the former 
cannot be heard to complain of verdict 
holding it liable for an aix^ident résulta 
ing fhnn Buch neglect. 

PoKD ve. Lake Shoke Ry. Co., N. Y. , 
C. OF APP., May 5, 1891, 

Master and— Loading Cab— Neg- 


A log fell trom a log train paeging 
over an unbaUasted raîling, wrecking 
several cars, and injuring a brakeman, 
who had asBieted in loading the logs in 
tlie manuer preacribed by the com- 
pany. The accident reenlted eitlier 
IVom tbe fulling ont of a etake because 
It wae carelesaiy put in, or by reason 
ofthe joltiog of the train, which was 
runnlng faeter than the rulea aJlowed. 

Held, That In either event tbe acci- 
dent was cauaed or contributed to by 
the négligence of plaintiET or of bis 
fellow servante, and no recovery 
could be bad. 

CoNUBR ve. Plint B. & M. Ry. Oo., 
MiCH,, 8. C, RUy 8, 1891. 

The government should own and 
control the rnilronds and telegraph 
a:id téléphone Unes, and ail citiea 
«honld own and control tbe water 
Works, tlie gas works, the electiic 
liglit plants and the stieet railwaya. 
We aT« in fitror of patemaUsm ïd gOT- 
«mmenl, and we «re < 


ofoi^Ul in tbe 

and BMBopolias. lU* a gnnt 

mad ayvlaB), witb At* or ten f ~ 

«midoyea. a ibere wnj in^ri 

«boni Omk nrt oT Inttitatian' 

bMoTÏL n» M^lorea 


DISTRICT DEPARTMENT. f""» • »'« He undoubtedly l. in 

keeping with the présent administro- 


D. M. W., TBoa. Nk*sB.*u, Demer, Colc 
D. W. F.. Gko. C. MiLi-KB, EUiB. Kbqb. 
D. R. 8., J. N. CoBBiN. Denver, Colo. 
D. F. S. A T., W. L. Cabboll, Denwr, 

Bditor 1 


The future succesa of the labor move- 
ment dépends on how weli and how 
800II the principlea on which ït îs 
fbauded are grounded in men's mind&. 
The rieing génération must under- 
Btand it better than the past if any im- 
provement is eeen, and the younger 
men are aiding the future eetablish- 
meat of labor's righte by aiding the 
circulation of labor literature. Be a 
Bubacriber youraelf and endeavor to 
persuade others to be. 

If you are nota subacriher seod a dollar 
to thi^3 office and aecure the Magazine 
for a year, or if the Magazlnb does 
not Batisfy you, send a dollar to John 
W. Hayea, Drawer 1633, Philadelphia, 
Pa., and hâve the Journal ofthe Knightë 
of Labor sent you for one year. You 
are only aiding the enemiee of th.e 
maBsea wheu you pay to the dailiea and 
weeklies controlled by corporations 
and raonopolieB. 

The people of the United Stat«s hâve 
become ao used to finding men without 
honor, dupiicioUB knaves in petty 
politlcal affaira, that little notice is 
given of it, but there ie eome cause for 
alarm when such a character is found 
in the higb responsible position vt see- 
retary of the treoBury as the présent 
incumbent, Chas. Poster, of Ohio, bas 
demonatrated himseif to be in the coa- 
troversy over the diacharge of printers 
from the Bureau of Printing and En- 
graving. His language and acta could 
be expected from confidence game 
"ward heeler's," but not 

The Grand Jury at Eochester, N. Y., 
bave returned îndictments againat 
twenty-one fimis, composing the 
Clothing Manufacturera' Exchange of 
Rochester, for conspiracy. This is the 
aequel to the prosecution of Hughes 
and other offlc«rs of the clothing cut- 
ters district aasembly. The charges 
agatnat the manufacturera ia fully as 
serious as the chaînes against the work- 
men, still the court has shown a re- 
marfcable lenency in the arrangement 
of the manufacturers to what was 
ahown the workmen. It ia auch thinga 
that break down reapect for law 
and order, and pave the way for révo- 

The Locomotive Firemaii's 
is doing a good work in raising a fund 
for the érection of a monnment to the 
memory of Wm, D. Eobinson, the 
founder of the Brotherhood of Loco- 
motive Engineers. The order he 
founded seems to be giving no atten- 
tion to it. Bro. Robinson had a char- 
acter that probably the présent leaders 
do not approve of. 

The popular Lindell Hôtel of Denver, 
where the District Delegates hâve 
stopped when attending the annual 
session, bas changed hands. D. C, 
Crawford, at one time in charge of the 
Pacific Hôtel at Como, Colorado.-and 
lately of the Crawford House, Golden, 
Colorado, is the new manager. The 
house haa been reflimished throughout 
and will no douht retain ita old popu- 
larity aader the new management, 

Among the many intereating papera 
in the July Ârena, the one "Should the 
govemment control the railwayî" 
will be found of spécial int«rest to rail- 
road men. The objections offered to 
government ownershio are clearly «n\- 


T. B. McGuire, of New York, one of Tempérance Union; James Qrant Wil- 
the war horses of the celebrated Dis- son writes of the daring achievements 
trict Assembly 49, and formerly of the of Lient. Cushing and Qeneral Ouster, 
Oeneral Executive Board of the order, the boy heroes of the war and navy of 
will make a lecturing tour through the the Union; and Lient. W. S. Hughes 
west during Aug^t and September. describes the world's progress in the 
He will speak at North Platte, Nebr., building of submarine war vessels. 
August 22, and at Denver, August 24, AU thèse papers are handsomely illos- 
Bock Springs, August 28. We hâve not trated from original sources, and in 
leamed what other dates hâve been the one on trout-fishing, will be recog- 
made. AU those whb hear him wiU be nized the features of an ex-President 
well repaid. of the United States. The history of 

embroidery forms the subject of a 

Theprevailingdiffieultyofmenfind- beautifùl illustrated article by Alida 
ing employment, should add an army q. RadcUflfe. There is a thriUing story 
to those seeking for remédies for such of renunciation and self sacrifice by 
ills. Why should such dépressions Alva Milton Kerr, entitled at the Dam 
come in a land of unUmited natural of San Marko, for which Charles 
resources? Howard Johnson has fùrnisbed the 

Locals of our district hâve been un- illustrations, whUe A. B. WenzeU ha« 
usually prompt in making their quar- ""^^^ ^^^ drawmgs for Prof. Boyesen's 
terly iort for Juiy, and as a whole, f ove «tte, The Elixir of Pain, of which 
they indicate a decidedly healthy state ^^ last chaptures are given. Next 
of aflfairs for the organization. month the Comiopolitan promises to 

pnnt the openmg chapters of a short 

^ . , . ^ ^ ^ X , novel by Amélie Rivers, which she en- 

Those wishing to buy a first-class ^.^1^^ -According to St. John" and 
watch or Society emblem or badge, which is said to be the best work from 
will make no mistake in wntmg J. S. j^^^ ^^^ 
Townsend, Chicago, 111., for prices. 

The Cook locomotive works of Pat- 

GeneralMa^terWorkmaii, Powderly, ^rson, N. J., employing 1,000 men, are 

ha^ been offered the World's Fair Com- p^eparing to close down, owing to dul- 

missionership for Pennsylvama, but ^^^ .^ ^^^ business. Nearly aU the 

has dechned. ^^^^ ^^^^ ^ ^laYe been discharged this 


Subscribers who are delinquent can 

do us a great favor by at once paying The Grand Trunk has reduced sal- 
for their subscription. aries 5 and 10 per cent, the greater re- 

-—--"——— -~ ' duction applying to men receiving 

Life in the open air and adventures $750 a year. 
afloat and ashore make up a large part 

of the Cosmopolitan Magazine^s con- The church choir singers of New 
tents for July. Trout fishing in the York are about to be organized^ The 
Laurentides, the Diamond Fields of ^- ^^ ^' l^ave the matter in hand. 
South Africa, Ostrich farming in Cali- 

fomia, and Country Life in Honduras, "Deal with every person as if you 
are descriptive titles of some of thèse expected to see him again." 
profusely illustrated open air papers. "The man who résolves to quit drink- 
In addition, EUzabeth Bisland describes ing must be in sober earnest." 
London Charities in a paper illustrated "life, however short, is made still 
from picturesque photographs and shorter by waste of time." 
character studies; C. C. Waddle tells **It takes longer to do nothing than 
tbe bîBtory of the Woman's Christian it does to ûxûah most Jobs." 


CORRESPONDENCE. ^™';^'; ^;i°a.t™'S:"«;«Jp^d ^"ihl 

Paint ahop. Tber are abont as badJs miied op 

NOTE TO OOaRESFONSENTS. nannl cnstom lu start Bi>œe of tbe wnahcia In Lbe 

— - ' treisbt yard at îl,7!i par dsj thea raino tbom ta 

Do noi irait until Ike loti moment (o Krite up *2.0CI, BJid if tliey atîll atttyeil in the (reîglil jatd 

„ ^ .. , , „ „ and wi'nl on atooclling, tbey recoivod (2.20 per 

yom- ™m(hl„ UHer. Send ,1 In at a«g «-ae. (te ^^ ^^^^ wen, then ae a raie put in the paint 

nomieT afttr yoa read tha the betltT. Tht flnt ghop and lecaiTod |2.'i'i per daï, and when thoï 

apporlunitu irm >iave ù (lie bal Unir. gut to be good coBch vamiahere. t2.MI per day. and 

frcim thla tn omamental paintina. Now the 

wbole thing ia nhan^red. Meu, wheu they are o^t- 

Omasa, Neb., Jnne 22, ISBl. Tancod tu a highec grade tit work and oven when 

I oj- aBHiine. . , , ,. , „„ Btill remain the «une. New men are hireil and 

At an o,«n meeting '««t mght 1° O™" « Hall ^,^„ ^.^ ^^ ^_ ^^ ^^^ ^^ ^^^^ ^„ ^ 

a,l.lrcs»eB were deliïered bï the State M. W . of j^^,^^ ^^^^ ,j ^^^j^ y^ ^^ emphaflli» the worde 

K. of L. and aeveral otber atate olhoer., advuimg ^^ ^„^^ ^^, ^, ^^ ^^^ workmen than the 

the neceaaily ot oi^aniîalioa lo proteet the In- q,j bond». Should opportuoity offer abondant 

borera' toteteatB thrangh theballot^and ,udgln« ^^ ^ ^^ i^^^^^ ,„^ 1^,(^ j,^ d,^ „y ^^ 

. . .„„.„. .™ .„, „» =~, ^^^ ^^^ y^^^ ^^ aboTe étalement îa true. 

' What iB the [eaalt ot auch a eyaleml Why 

' tronble and diecontent amouK tlie mon ail the 

meetlMwasarnshadanorganuBtionotthealato jj^^, Mon are workingaveryday wiU. men 

aeaembliea in thia connty vm tormed to be ^„ recelving trom twenty-flve to fifty centa 

knownaBtlia"ConDlyA«embly." more a dfty than thoy do. Thcj'do joat bb mnch 

Work In the eliop* contmuea to be pretty plenti- ^^ j^^j ^^ ^^^ „„^ ^ y^^ „,^^ ^^ ^^ ,jj_ 

full ntpresent in ail departmenta; the repalrtns „i,ing y^pp p^y ^-gj, j,r,u ^jame n,en for 

of Iha ahopa fumiïhinB w^^rable^employment f^l^t^g they hnd not onght t.. do a» mnch work bk 

machine BhoD and Beyeral other bnildiagabariog ^^^ [^^ y, ^^^ Why ia il tbey can hire a 

been ra-roofed wilh aheet itou, and tbe men in ^^ g^^ ^^.^ ^ ^^^ ^j ^p„ ^j ,^^,„^j ^.^ 

W.a différent ahopa «ho harebeenoompeUe,! for ,t «, tbe ohl hands, Doee it make a better Bho»- 

fearB to vork nnder leaky roofs, are loud in tbo = ^ 

praise uf Mr. McConnell'a oonsiderolion (of the j^^^^^ 

welfare of the men. and hifl polioy uf keeping i^ jH, 

thinga in a présentable appeaianoe. aomethlng j^^^ 

that eoenis lo hâve been enUiely loat eivht ot tlmeh 

alnce he left hera Bomething Ukesii jeorosBo, i have'hèîui^uewhands Baïtheynoïer'sowashiip 

Thenew ateom hammer broughtlrom the weet ,,hBrewaeee are in auch a mixad npmeas aa thoy 

soraetimeaBofortheblackamithahopia being „„,„„. Ami it haa ite pocaJiareffect on them. 

pot in position. The antii block waa oaat in tbe ^^^^ i,^^ forward and «uj. «ail, H I sloy hero 

fonndry bore aboQt two weeka OBO, the une jo^g anongh to be ndyanced, I wiU be io the 

broogbtwith the hummechHïinB been loat. eame boat as th«e old liands are in. Semé of 

Thero ia some tnlk of lie U, P. syatem being (^ ^y ^andB that sot thair ralra som'e Urne aco 

diïidedintotwodl™lonsaaregnrdii theraotiïB ^ teoAyf: alanclard wagea. I am apaaking 

power, I am informed that the appointmenl of niainly ot aome of fJie old hands that bave been 

another «et of offlwra for the w«t ia uuder ™n- nd-,iu,oed w n hîgher srad,. ot «ork, ther Bre 
workinnr wiCh old and new handa erery day ot 

at tho ahopa. ro- t^e some kind of wofk anii do jnet as mnch o( it, 

m hôtel bnaineea. bol do not reoeîfB thosame waBBs. Itseemaun. 
rmd only tenda to make haid feelings toffard 

e tbing that wayî We, lbe 

juït been put in No. 2 machine ahop, making fonr 
whoel lathoa in the ahopa, and are working night 
and day torcea to kcep Dp the machine work, and 
yet hâve not enough machinea to keep np the 
wock, but «iU yon ean hear it ramored that the 
uigbt «ang U to be taken ott tho lat o( the month. 
J. B. J. 

When une of our oU«t men, Mr. Mark Bt 
John, iraa installedin Hr. J. C. Bloat'aplace, and 
we were «lad ta aee him ksI il, he tweirod the 

Now. why caunot the other employée be treated 
tbe sampway, The Company would make and 
Dot loae by it. Treat men Uke men and Ihoy 
vill tteat yon like men in letnm. 

I aee an nrtiele in the Jnne isane of Ihe îiagB- 
zino in regard to wagea pnid in lbe diHerent der- 

Work ia rery briak in the ahopa. There hae 
been aeveral men hired latoly; Ihev «.to w»^ 
mechanica, and aBeTO \b \b ïaw-^Uf»» ie-«i "^ 


Lauahie. Vijo., Juif 2U, HBI. WBS Btill Bo deeii thnt it vat a hard 

„ , ,, „ b£m to «et to the camp by tho bent ro 

Ed.lor .Mofl«<.Hr; ^1^^,,^^ ^^^1^ ^^^ ^^^^ ^,^i^„ 

AiinoletterliHBappett«dinthBMaBazinafcoiD inost enthoBiaslic. Wemareipeot to hoar that j 

Larsinle the poet tw» mouttis. I will once more tbe boBt minée ute tocated similar to Jlnni 

aiake lie Httompt to infonn yonr reBdpre on tlie Cbdoii'h tin mine, under aevontï fuot of anow. 

ttipicBof tliadaiandonotliermattarsof ialerest jj, W. Smith bas goDetornlitoroia on a Idb 

to UB beie. Qf abeence of tlûrly riayt. 

The Company aeema to be adopting a différent 
twlicy ; the ehope are once more well fllled with 
men and tbey are pDshinK tbework of ^ttina 
their motive power in good abapQ. Improve- 

menta are bcing made, traoka are baing jmt in Ohuba. Neb.. Jolj 20. IBBl. 1 
goud oondilloD aboat the yards and roundhoniio. ' 

EïerjihinBthecooipanyisdoinBleadH natottink Edilor M' 

they are not bankmpt, even if they dun^t pay off ,. .. ^- 

tbeir dabt tliis year. It the number of men sent „^_ii|i 

imo will bave nrrîred for the eighl hour lan 
KUsed liy the lasE legislatme, to laks effact i 
iii» atate. How moay of tbe nurldng cIobbc 
irill aïail theraBelve* of it will ramain to b 

Somenf theemployera arealToady Ëgoriughow 1 

■*™<1"1'' pablic meeting in the grand opéra h 

About threo yeara B«o an ordinance was piiased night, I thinlt thnt before long ail the men 

mailing aight bon™ a légal days work on ail mn- Ojnaba will be working eight hoare per day. 

nicipal work. and sinoe then the logialature pas- ^^^„ ^^ ^^m ^^^,^ ^ nu„ber who are selflsh \ 

«edasimilarlaw for statB, conntyandmumoi- euongh to want the eartb. no matter if othera do ' 

pal work. and »till yte hâta a mayor who was go- ^^^ ^,^ ^^^ enongh t. 

pay Iher were getting for eight hoars. _. i , , . . 

Tbib cIbbb of men are ail wimng to work eigbt 
4« the cooncil u composHd of mon «ho ara î,onn. ptovidM lUey getten bonra pay; >o that 

this case, tbe major has conolnded tbat he iroohl«tb8m. 

made a mistake, and hae acknowledged the com „ , ^ .^ . . , 

if tbe papers can he ralÎBd on. ^ha Union PaciBc posted np not.MB the flnrt of 

_ _ „ Jnlï, statlnit that they danirod to work aa hereto- 

Tlie Peoplae Party clnb holdn meeting evory j^^^ j^^ anyone desiring to work only aight 

two meka, and tbey have^organiied a glee clnb i,„^ g^„„j.i ^^^f^ jj,^, fotoman. 

'°PrhiM°fo?t'^ 3 hn^-Tg ^Thicken i. ^ork in the Bho,« .till keepB prett, good. AH 

the âport at thia Ma^oo of the yaar that îâ in- 

dolged in to a conaiiierable eTtent, 

^vtting him agaioat time a dletaoce of eleven 
miles for n wager. Hillei paid Ï15 for tbe hon<e 
and baing a sport, aoid the timewonld hâve to be 
mode if be loat hia valuable steed for to win this 
bet of t2„'iO. He was allowed one hour and f"_\ 
twenty-fiTe minutes, asil eurprbed tbe nati 
by getting there twenly-five minutes ahcad 
tlme. Other trottets twlonging to Laram 
eporting shop men. were left fnnn four to 
milea behind. Alex Knox baving got left 

Uiller's Kono toc a long distance andhopei 
get even in a tbirty-flTe mile drive. 

Union iï the order of tht " 
ers bave tormed themaelrs 

an ordinance passed by onr oity conncil, to pro- lasc two days. I was aorry to hear it as I d. 

hibit them Irom selling liquor flf ty-two daye in lite (o boar of an ambitions man loosing 

a year. af ter grantlng thom a liconse to do boai- opportunity to add a lanrel lo bis brow. 

neu three hondred und siity-five days in a year. I am informed tbat Frank Roberte. a mac 

TbeguldliilleicitementianotBettingttiepeopli- iat frum bere, bas takon charge of the ro 

CTBzy, becanseoccasionally the peuplo geta re- honse ia Cheyenne. I suppose (he next tîmc 

nart tiiBC is aérer publlalieil in the papers. One gnts diecbarged they will make bim U. ïl 

Bai d the snow some important pouil. Ua^be the^did notl 

rolling 8tMk 

9 getting in good aha 

>B to 

crope which are insured ta 

State this f ail, 

ro uatortonate last year 


e f orgotten ail 


i bustier hère for a gênerai 

eman in the Bh 

op«. Pattereon. by nan 

e. I 

e from North Flatte. 


from what I hei 

c it ia «undertnl hnw i. 

e II. 

lergot alongwitbont him, before he 


nstmct men wl 

o leamed thelc tmdo b 

was bora, and 1 

ùd off and disoharged 

n tban bave bee 

Il laid off and diacharged 

ir or two before 





strieras msncaplblp o( fiUing the gatr> him crédit In the mo^azino for bis 

ind honse foreumn Bl Omabo or efforts Ui Bappreeeevil». Phhb. no dimbt 

□uddr otdsTâ, iieut work ffûm htm te 

J - 6, J- pointa, thns oanem^ a reductLon in the V 

rnree. This Bxcited the. ire of parties I 

plot WBM batch^d to murder Paae, but ha 

ed information of the intended crime in 1 


B.\ss\. Wyo., Ans. '& IHfll. eare liis Ufe. 

ga(^ to aesasitiate tbe fmenmn. Hub«equiiDtli 
led informer and gave away tlie namea of 
Some ahangea bave taken plaoe at the Haona ttie tilliana engaeed in the diabolical plot. Tbe 
mines the i>aet few vceke that lanurthy of note. riaRlesders got timelf notice hbi) wlthïîiXI flayi^r 
No. 2 mine wbioh we were informed wbb cloaed two emigrated to uther and safcc parts, 
down (or the sninmer was openod tn rWQma Sowmark wbat (oUows, 8o oalled di.teetiïoa 
worli. atanotherten oont réduction, on Julï lat. are eent hère to inTestiBate. Wliatî Notliingl 
It ia noedlaasto BBy thQt Vo.'i ramoins idle, aa Sent hère marely, we claim to down thoee who 
50 conta per ton U below par. Mr. Magrath re- p„t™ted Page, and fruBlrated the plot. A bjb- 
marked that he wonld flnd a market for the eoai tg^ ^f ^olseale pereecullon haa aet in againat 

right to do thia, but in doing so be ahould not ^^j^^ (compoaed of the petty offlciala] queetiou- 

intrudetoofarnpon therighlflofothera by giï- ed, and becauae tbey eannot or will not admit 

ing away their lobor. knowledge of tho donnoction which undoubtedlï 

It if now mutnnlly underetood that Hr. Me- sayed the loreman'a life, are threatened witb 

Orath irill meet repreeentativËB of the minera Bt diTem, paiua and penaltiee. and aoine bave 

thia place. September lat. Bnil fil pricee foc the becn iliechaigeil. 

aiimontbsfoUowbig. Ifthie is carried ont in h the mean time the wnuld be murderera ara 

e»pensB raay ha aToided to ail concemed. hnt It aiready atated sonie ot them haie dcparted for 

Bliould not baoonliDBd to the Hanna minea aione. (^^^ flg^a ^„^ parturoa new. 

OlhOT mines controllod by Oie Dnion Pacific are 

aa much inlereated ad we are. and ahould inaist 

on puraning the aame solieme. There are raany 

waya wheiB tbi» will be boneflcial to the n 

■:m.ifr..£: ri:' ;t. ïï.".',::;ii^-s« 

precipîtBte trouble, and if it ia countennnced by 
tbe nutboritiBe, which we can sciircely crédit, 
tben we muât aai that llio U, P. B. B. stands pré- 
éminent amoDg rallroads os a fearfnl and wouder. 
fui inatjtution. 

y the high officiais of the ayatem mtiHt 
re of tbe raacality nov practiced hère 
nsrda the honeat and falthful serrants of 
. Tbe copduct of tbe jietty officialB ( 

ahow where tbe coût of producing the coal can 
bo redQccd without cutting Iho prlco of minuiB. 
WheD an adrance ia neceesary it migbt be made 
withont advanoing the cost of placing the coal 

One of our membera. tbao whom tlie con 


and are intereating to alL 

had no better or more faithful workman 

No. 1 mine U run now to ita toU capacity, j-et 
tbe ont put ia comparatiyely email conaiderina 
tbe time tbe mine bas been upsned. 

againut Pâtre, and becauae he coald not giï 
infotraedthat he had violated Bole 203, o 


There BBemaK. be BOme difficulty Tentilating 

the air conduoted in boiea 12 by 2* inches, which 

diachargecl. " No proof whatever eilsta th 

does not catrj euScïent M keep tho places (ree 

fcom flredamp, canning ranch diKBalis faction to 

asan houBst, uprigbt man. Honest meu iu 

bailwick are 'way below par. 

Not witihing to intrude U>o much on your laln- 

ablespace,l»jll close. 

gain by the death or removal of Mr. Page? 


A UlNEIl. 

Who wonld gain hïhiaremoïaiT The hcal 

workere who daimed that hia arrivai hère 


Qbeen Ritek, Wyo., Atig. 20, ISBl 

to tbemaeli» and the town. The tbnge w 

Editor Magntine : 

nnemUid-theytbonght no change could U 

the worat— they thought they coold get thei 


For waya that arc dark and tricks that are VBiD, 


Bome one hera can dinconnt tho heatheu Chine. gnig 203 requirea employé 

A foreman (Page) snpecceiled a (orcman (Cae- Haie auch reporte been m 

gtOTe) hero a ahort time ago. The hettat claaa hère reoently go tu abow tl 

hère Hupportfd Page, becauae immedjatfily attuT pany property been atolui 

he took charge hû set abont reraedying groea Hkonaanda of doU&t?, v^^^^l 

aboees that eiiated nnder the nid régime. 'W« s, âiori veiioA. 



Have the thieves been brou^rht to justice? Not 
a Bolitary one. 

Are not the méthode of the company inscra- 
table? No effort made to capture or puniah even 
one thief , bat every effort made to down and 
ruin honest workingraen whoee only fanlt (?) is 
that they are 8a^>ected of haying giyen infor- 
mation which saved the foreman's life. No effort 
madetoarrest and ponish the scoundrels who 
conspired to marder an old man, bat every effort 
made to crash and rain those who undoubtedly 
saved his life. 

There is bat one God, and Mohamet is his 
prophet, say the devoat Mohametans, and there 
is bat one railroad in America (the U. P.) where 
the matter complained of woold be tolwated, 
say honest citizens hère. 

We earnestly dssire a thoroagh investigation, 
but wish to have it conducted in an honest way. 
We therefore suggest that the company appoint 
an ofGlcial not connected with the Wyoming di- 

We are confident that a proper investigation 
will completely show up the rottenness and im. 
becility that prevails, and makes this section a 
stench in the nostrils of honest men. 

Pretty well to do. There has been about fifty 
men and boys ont in the hills hanting for him* 
There is a reward of seven hondred and iifty 
dollars for the person that finds him. He disap- 
peared in the same way about eleven years ago. 
He was gone eleven days. 

The shop boys of the fire department hère got 
away with the first prize at Ogden, on the f ourth. 

Our old friend, Charles Kennedy, of Ogden« 
has got tired of single life and has married. 
We wish yoa much joy Charley. 

The shop men received the pay checks on the 
20th, O. K. But the engineers, flremen and 
trainmen would like to know the reason why 
they can't get paid at the same time. 

I see in the correspondence from Evanston 
some time ago, référence to the need of a soitable 
building dose to the shops to accomodate the 
employés for a reading room. It would be doing; 
good to have a place built this fall for ail the 
employés to spend their winter evenings in. 

J. M. B. 

AiiBiNA, Oregon, Aug. 20th, 1891. 

8481. Editor Magazine : 


Evanston, Wyoming, Aug. 21, 1891. 

Editor Magazine: 

I will say that Evanston is stiU on the boom 
and lots of improvement being done in the shape 
of building résidences and sidewalks. 

I am pleased to inform our readers of the 
magazine that there is not so much sickness 
now as there was. 

Sorry to inform you of one of our brothers be- 
ing accidently killed in the yard, July 4th. An 
engine backed over him cutting him intwo. We 
are of the opinion that he was sick, and that he 
had a fit at the time he was killed. 

We are on fifty-two hours per week in the shops 
with the exception of a few pets who get ail the 
over time. 

Now a Word or two for a young engineer that 
worked his way from the shop, and three years 
and a half as a fireman, a sober and industrious 
young man, and was well recommended, and be- 
cause he had a little mishap in the yard about a 
year ago he got discharged. It is strange that 
when old time engineers make a bad break or 
run past their orders, or smash up an engine, or 
a few cars, that they can get reinstated and ail 
goes well. But if a young runner that has been 
faithfulto the company and worked his way 
up for a number of years, makes a little brake, 
he has gone, it seems, forever. If the ofGlcials 
would reinstate him as a fireman it would be 
some encouragement for him. 

For eleven days the people of Evanston have 

been exoited over the strange disappearance of 

an old gentleman by the nome of M. Y. Morse. 

As my first attempt was not kicked into the 
Repair Track, I feel a little more confident in 
launching forth again. Nevertheless I am some 
what uneasy, as my last letter stirred up some 
of the dry bones around thèse digings. To write 
this I am compelled to seek the seclusion of the 
wharf beneath the company^s wharf boat, where 
I will be safe from the relentless search of the 
wiper and his gang of mechanics. 

I feel somewhat elated at my success as a cor- 
respondent, as a great deal of interest was mani- 
fested in my last letter, and in our department in 
particular. Every one seemeddeeplyinterested. 
I am unable to assign any particular reason, un- 
less it was for the compliments paid to the head 
of our department and his friend. Frankie, who 
seems to have depreciated considérable of late, 
an old acquaintance of his appeared hère a few 
days ago, when Frankie offered his hand, but 
the old record was still fresh in the mind of the 
new arrivai, and he seemed bothered to shake 
hands and tumed his back instead. 

A few days ago I saw a great number congre- 
gated around the tum table trying to move an 
engine there. From my curiosity being aroused 
I was eager to find out what the trouble was. 
On a doser investigation I saw it was an engine 
just taken from the shop to the round house. 
But when the tum table was reached it refased 
to advance any f arther, with a pinch bar at eaoh 
wheel and enough men around it to push it 
through the round house, and aided by the 
avericous shouts of Captain ShoupC the stubbom 
engine would not move. At length a block and 
tackle was hitched on to her, and, well, she had 
to '*come off," amid shouts of exaltation and 
triumph they almost raised the roof from the 
Tound howae. 


Qreat beods ot pieaperBtion itood ont on the in nead of a job in tJie «hops— B good thing for 

wipere clarioal bruw, and Franlde and bi» cham. tho ahops. 

Sqniaten. congratulated tLiemHlvea npon iheir C. B. alao reHimuieBda (or tho "craok" plentr 

wonderfol acbievenieiit. The eame old stocs: otfiohea M cirai liia btain. Why not recom- 

themoohïnùte atekept bnay ail tbetiniB. Satnr- mend a Hypo-Demic HTringe? We baTeheardof 

dnj, P. H., inclnded. irLtIo tho gatiRS spend ite hattng a wuoderfuletiinDlatingeffHit. 

morDlimewaitingfotworkthaniacoaiQmedin Onr Journal nt this place hae place.1 ila edi. 

putting it together. One engins in Cbe ehop lor tocial dolumos at thn BOfvicc of i.he "gong," bat 

elHhtmonthasiidnotfinlBhed yot; allhougL sbo as it i» ratber rC the rat ord^r and a patent ia- 

baa wocli doDB on ber e»ery dHj-, giag, do oot propose M haïe aaytbing to Bar 

EDgin« makiog oue trip mttet hâve a ruond regardinK il. 

honee overhanllng. Enginifl onder tbe Dre. care It ie atrangB aome people ara not allowed to 

fortcnarfltteendaysbeeanae the reienio kvBt retura to work wheu tbey bare been off on ao- 

would uot atas in ito plate. Apprentie» dis- oount. of a bad eye. and othere are atkiwed to 

charged to make room (or ona o( the anng. q^^t tiigi, j^b, gat thoir tlme check, and then 

BoKthannthorityto gIsB afjmo of bis mon len Engine 780 went ont of tbe abopa on tbree legs, 

bouts paieacbday in tbe week, although thaj bot 1 heard that tbe coni|>any keops a BQpply of 

work bnt nine and a balf. Who ga^e him thi» g^tra legs in PocatoUo. bo the eogine can be 

BQthoritj- is what va wiah to kno»? aupplied tbere, 

A grand set o( foremen in tbe car deiiartmant. ^-g ^^g bq gij f^g^^ |,g„ „]j(, (jjinjjg Limaelf 

Oneman reraoyed becaoeed be frequpntod tbo anthority on gnna, we propose to help tbe corn. 

ealoou toû oftoQ, and su|«rceded by anolber who p^^y ^ gg^ ^^^^ retaïaa trom him bj taniisbing 

ËndB one of hia men dronk and tella him to go y^ j^Oj g nettîng of ogg«. aa be pnte in moat q( 

home, whlch ho doee. and retums tbe neit day bia time aitting on tbe bencb. Tbe brood will be 

end finds the foreman in tbe sanie condition, pQj jn the care of the "pBeer" wbo can rno tbani 

and ÎD tum tells him to do likswise. Anotbei atoond tho shopa, aa lie haa notbing elae to do. 

foreman in themiUgi™ a man orders to do a ^^^^ ^^^ ^^^^ been tin can or tin 

certain Job. The wb is accordmg to onJerB. bat L^-ni,,-:, Kntmhen von bave a aold mine lo 

jret wrong— reanlls, man diBOhargod, bnt fore- j^ Ktan i it 
man kept. Tbe mie hère, if yoD underatand 

yonrworkyoQ wUl bfl diBcharged, if noi. yon Gang foreman, Uerwith, gotaiaguatedwitbthe 

wi!l be pmmoted. Tbat ia if you etand in yon "aï ttinga are ran hers. quit, and bas gone to 

may pQt in tbe Umo vhether yon do BDything or Zip. 

not. We are beginning to assume tbe appear- 

anee of a city and aince conBOhdation took place 
the atreetB are awept and sprinkled, wbicb is a 

old condition of Ihlngs. Well, you know wheo a Editor Magaiine; 
man bas too mach to do Bometbing innst be 

nogloctod. Well, we will haiemoratimeto look A» there haa been notbing in Ibe magazine 

afterour interest in the electric car lïne and from bere for aome tlme, T will try and givo you 

water plant, and let the shop get along tbe beat a few Items this month. 

'' ™n- Everylhing ia rery quiot aronnd the sbops, 

"Web Foot. although ne bave plonty of vork. Tbe macbin- 

ieta and boilermolders are making Borne overtime 
baCnot very mucb. Nineand oae-hBlf boura pec 

day anil Ûvb bouts ou Satnrday, ïs the rogolar 

s.™»».. M., a™, mb. mi. ""• """■ 

Robert Wilson, our blackemith (oremiin wbo 

Editor Magazine: bas been TÏsltlng in Canada and Englaud for tbe 

past (onr months. ntomed about Jane a>tb and 

We bBYB been holding court hère sinoa tbeJniy jg agaia stationed aC hia olU poat in the comec. 

magDïino arrived, That béer bottle biiBÏn«ea Bro. BreltenBtein, of Idrimie, and Merritt of 

was tbe cause o( it ali. One of the witaeesas gut Cheyenne, came np on tbe IDtb, and gara na a 

discharged becanae be told what be knew abont lecture on the peoplo's partï, but they did nM 

the matter, but tha inTeatigation waa for tlie Boooced in getting ont a rery large crowd to tha 

purpose ot prooïing tbe tbiag taise, InBtcad of meeljing. bot tbey organized a amall club who 

gotting at the bottom of tlie mattar. Tbe jndge p^jptae to try and maka a few more oonyert» 

. and jury bave beea Ibore thfimselves and did not ^nd at leoat got a few ot tbe working men tbinfc- 

care U) pnsh tha matter, and aa tha dbchaivRd ïng for tbamaelvea. 

witnBBsÎBnot a mwnber of any labor organi- RowUiib bas a pratty good eet of men in gênerai 

ïatlon. be will, no ilouht, be ont of a job. i,ut jjjgfg ^re a (ow mon, or rather tbinga, that 

"Cni Boni" ia jubilant on aoconnt of tbe tot. oall thomBelye» nian,^Yin « 

dict, and ia ot the opinion that he <C. B.) ia ocA teeL «k OioiikWikiq^^ùu V 

Ri.yii.nii, Wyo., &ng.30, 1891. 

P4 -^^^ ^jïî^^vïfiL^ 


make abont a twenty-ôve cent rédaction in the ter reached yon, notably amon^ the many Sam 

wages, jnst to wake tHem np a little. I would Beaty, foreman of the passenger coach cleaningr 

almost be willing to. suff er a rédaction myself to and repairing department, bas been sacceeded by 

eee them snffer once, for they are either ignorant Andy Anderson, lately of Salina, Kansas. S. 

or they are the moet selfish and miserly homan Beaty lately got wedded to a fine yoong lady and 

beings that I haye ever corne in contact with. of course he wanted to giye her a ride on tbe 

Yon €i8k one of them to join a labor organization, cars, and got a free pass from the company . Of 

or to snbscribe for a labor paper and they will coorse he thoaght that would not satisfy her 

tell yon that they can not afford it yet. There is asthetic taste of his duleiana, consequently he 

not one of thèse same men that yon will ever see wrote a letter to Mr. Dennison, the Pullman 

spend a dollar in a saloon, and the most of them coach superintendent, for a free berth in one of 

hâve been hère for years, and hâve always receiv- his luxurious coaches. The manager politely 

ed the best wages at the expense of their fellow told him he could not comply with his request. 

workman, yet they are not the men (even now) Beaty wrote him back a letter in not very com- 

to come up and join us, and say boys, let me con- plimentary lang^age. Beaty's letter was sent to 

tribute my share to this cause, for I am receiving Omaha, to the officiai of the road, by Dennison, 

as much benefit from it as you. No but they vdll and hence his dismissaL Some men want the 

sneak out of ail the expense, but they are not a earth. S. Beaty would be a long time in Canada, 

bit ashamed to come in for the full amount of B. A., before he would be looking for Pullman 

the benefits. It is such men as those that cause coaches to ride in. I think the company was 

labor organizations most of their trouble. They more than justified in firing him. Herman 

are far more dangerous, in my opinion, than our Bitter, machinist and draughtsman, was di»- 

employers, for without the aid of such men as charged by the M. M. about a month ago. When 

them, the capitalist would hâve to submit to the in the draughting room a good deal of his time 

laborers with very little trouble. was devoted to his ovm intereet in makinur 

Our labor assemblyisdoing very well. We are designs of a new valve motion of his own. He 

taking in a few nearly every meeting, but I think ^^s repeatedly told by the M. M. to refrain from 

if yourself or our district M. W. would come up working for himself in the company's time. He 

and give us a good talk it would make quite an ^^^ caught too of ten in the act, hence his dis- 

improvement in ail of us. charge. He has a good record among the men 

T ^ j X XI- UT • Txr . , in the shops, he was a great advocate of Henry 

Just one Word to the assemblies m Wyommg! ^^^ .^ , ^i^ i.^ xu t t» h l -i 

-,-, . . XI- XX -xv XX- j George's smgle tax theory. James PoweU, boiler 

What is the matter with us gettmg up a grand ^„v«« ;« «ï,o»«« ^* «^„ au v t 

1.x. -xi-TN C3 Ti -x maker in charge of round house work, peculiar 

célébration for Labor Day. Say weallgointo- . , . x.„j^ a' u a * i ^ mi. 

, . j 1 V X- ^ XL *o bis trade, was discharged for loafing. The 

gether and give one grand célébration, for the «^^^„„„ „„„ ,'„„x,'«,^ f\ xu ^ixu • x x. 

xxxi-Txu xu luxj* company was gustined. On the Uth instïuit, 

State Labor Day has never yet been celebrated in ■Mr„^.^^-KK^i a^^^ j- u j r_ 

_,. XT 1 X . X 1 xu 1 1. Muleteer Major Anderson was discharged from 

Wyoming Now lete jost show the people of ^^^ eompany's service for dieobedience of orders 

thiestote that we are stUl ahve and must be androaghlangaagebyMr. JoeephRoberts.M.M. 

recogmz . Everything in regard to Mr. Annerson's discharge 

Well, by wishing the magazine ail manners of ig very conflicting. It was ail about the oiling 

success, I will close. of the hamess of the mule team that he was 

Dabby. driving. The side of the company claims that 

Mr. Anderson ref used point blank to clean and 

oil the hamess, claiming the time too short. 

Abmstbong, Kas., July 22, 1891. ^^^ **^ happened about ten o'clock a. m. on 

the fourteenth. They were to be oiled and 

Editor Magazine : cleaned next moming, at the same time work 

The weather for the past two weeks has been the «inles ail that day. Mr. Roberts told Mr. 

exceptionally cool. On the sixth mstant heavy Anderson that if he did not comply with his order 

wraps were worn by both sexes, and fires in the ^f ^°^^ P^^ \ °î^° ^J^ ^^^ P^^ immediately. 

parlors were most acceptable. The cereal crops ^^- Anderson admits that he was wiUing that he 

are reported good and abundant, with a good «^^^^ ^"^ «^' knowing from expérience he could 

fruit crop assured. Though commercial and not do the work m such a short space of time. 

railroad business is decidedly easy with nothing ^r. Anderson claims he did not use any bad lan- 

doing in the house building line. In f act aU in- f^®, towards Mr. Roberts, while others claim 

dustries of varions kinds is in a normal State. I ^^^^' Mag or Anderson has been a muleteer for 

would advise those people seeking employment to ^}^ company for about twenty years and has ren- 

give this place a wide berth. Work in the dififer- ^®^^ valuable service to the company during 

ent departmentfl of the shops is brisk, and in *^** *^°\®' ^^^^y» keepmg his mules slick and 

some of them mshing, particularly in the ^^®*° ^^^ ^^^^^^ ^^ ^« I^«* ^ **^® °^^t inclem- 

machine shop. The company is not hiring any f"^* weather. The harness in question is now 

men, only putting enough machinists on to re- ^«P* together by nvets and naUs and is now eight 

place those that qnit. y®*rs on the backs of the mules through sunshine 

Nomadism is still practiced by the machinists. a^^dstorm. I mean durin« working hours. Ido 

Tliere ia not many first^lass machinists travel- ^o* believe that Mr. Roberts was justified in dis- 

ng" this way. There haa been some changes cbaiging Mr. Anderson, even though the dis- 

^ade with the boefses and men since my last let- chargea man -^raa «l "N\\.VXft VûâM,cwfe\.m bis lan- 


gntge. I thlnk. likeagood msn)' olher men ilo, cbqbc, wbat tlio caoseof theboom Ubofund my 

thttt it is oownnIicB on the part of a maater oalonlatioDH it is gerloln that for a time it willbe 

macbanicora foreuiau to threatea a manonder comiiaratÎTely doUhare. (iHuemlmanafactoriaK 

their inimediato charge in (he preeeoceof utliers, mU9t como In Bafficieut to give stoadi' emplor- 

to eay «o andgetyonr time, I will diachargo jon, ment Winiiiienoush withtlieir(amiliea«ioocnpï 

or 1 will get a man in yaai place. I tliluk it the liunaee udv bnilt. 

tbÎB langnage was applied to eome ci( tLo fore- j ^ cboate, tormerly our Boperintendent hère, 

man at Arnifitrona that thfl most of them wonld ij^^ y^ ^^^^^ „ji, ab„„t roadj tor ocoQpation. 

commit suicide iasida of one week, for a (treat Q„f présent Buperiutondant, Dnncan. ia largaly 

many ot them «et double the mOQer tbeir abiUtj inteiested in the Qataloriom IbIbIj opened bere. 

califl for and tber know it. h^ ppobably realiie» that railroad life in not a 

David I«e> gang 1>osb in areotin^ dapartmeat rery atapla bapiœea tu tîe to, and that it ia vell 

ot the maciiïne ahop, waa iovared to the raoks. on ta bare âomething to fallbackon. 

the eighth instant, ot a joaroByman, Harry jajGcuMand S. H. H. Oark wero in lown 

Wldte uf the Wol room Buccseda bim. tojiay, bnt the fact Beems to hâte oreated oo 

vision and on her flrat trip her driviog boi» got from hère, The shopa hère now are generally in 

bot. Th(M. the hlglier olBciala, claimed that a présentable appearence for Tisitore at aU 

boiefl. IthinkthattberelaBniegerinlhewood Superintendant of Maobinofy. Mertaheinier, 

pile in bis case, because he la a good meolianm. I j^ ^^^^ i,e«> of the time the past week, 

hare it from raen in the bock shop that ara „ „ „ . „. , . ^ ,. . 

^. „ <.j,i_,i_i** u._k - aIcConnell and DiokinBon paBsed throagh 
pretlj wbU posteii, that ho IB tlie baet mephanio 

in that (lepartment, David, jon are oot tho firat bere a tew days ago. 

man WBB sent to the raar on Bocoout o( bot boïoe Affaira in the shopa are abont aB Hsnal; vory 

ami jou will not bo tbe laet. '«" clinngoe tidcing place, a» f ew men are leav- 

ing. Tbe private foandriee and machine shopa 

in the < 

8ome of the mon in tbe boiler shop are makins , 
fnUtimetorthelaattwowaekB, Jaa.McC'E 
takes Jaa. Fowell's place in tbe round 1 

memberahip tba paat 

A good deal of overtlme in made in 

«hop on running renaira. "* "" "' '"~ ' 

ta..»»™ a, 1.. ko».. „!., u^. .«i. A.^iao..».a«<i."™."» " »■• ^' 

i_ j .. iiruju T^ ^ i. »! Aasembhea, and his coming la already belng 

houBea. depotand M. M. offlces, It makea thoae ,,,,,. . .,> 

, ■. ,"j looked forward ta os a tieat, as he le known ae 

"*■ an intoffsting talker. He is thetamoua "Tom" 

BoBineea on (he road keepa decidedJy dall not.- g( j) f^ ^,j jj^^ York City and one of the mucb 

mthatandingthewheatcropotKatiBasandNBb- ^^^^^ ôf"home club." >4garding whiob there 

^d aod abondant. It is tbe poUoy ol ,^^ j„ ^^^ j^^^ circlaa. a. 

10 allîancie farmera of both al 

■ fewïears ago. I predict a ci 

j> for better prioo 

'tZw.'"L"'"ldT.Z'™^'°'"'°" ""™»J L.b„- 0»t ™, .»« h.,. U.I 
anmmsT bf J. H. Caler ha» easpended, and tbie 

We are working tha sama number ot honrB. S3 o ^-^^^ -^ ^„„ «ithout a Ubor weekly. 

Tûe iUQBtrioOB Joe MoConneU. euperintendent 

of machicery. paid ns a flying viflit on abe 20t!i 

inat. The CBlabration of thaFourthot JulywBS If ■■plain Talk" wiU aend lia biB addross we 

a lama attair. Dali timee' knooka eut a good ^u ^,e bie comniumcatiiui couaidetution. A 

doal of tbe people'a patrioliam. The ahopa ahut namn unknown to ua. aigned to, or accompanying 

down OQ tbat day. The company is doing etfoct- aoommonicatioa. îb not of itaelf enouch, Eepoci- 

ive work on tbe engins» and troiKbt cara. The ally wb™ plain talk is uaed as iBBOotton neoea- 

oompany jb dolng well witb its men thia aummer eary in strlking at tbe evila wurkmen auffer 

and they appreoiate it too. onder. 

Au Bout Di Son. ■ 


Dentkr. Colo.. Jolj 2S, ISBl. Qo tbo death of Bro. Looia Honqaieat. who 
waa accidentally Jdlled in tlie yard by an angine 

_ £''«iw Magazt,ie: backing over him, JnljJth. I8B1. 

Thia place bas been very quiet the pnet month, At a regtilar meeting ot L. A. 3271, K. ot L., the 

andforaplBOOtoflnd wotk, seema tobegrowing following reaolDtioDB were onanimouali edotfJtA- 

steadily qniter. A réaction from Ihe bulUinB RetOlved. TluU. Vu -Safe ftiatSa <* «™ i« ""■ 

boomoftholaat tawreorsaBema tohelhe ^TBOt Mtmà snA \iitdaiBi,\ira<â)b "assossâ»»-,* 


ihI pannu. bopjna 'hM H» «ho tmrth lot >»■ » 

.nrrmn w<U Dcrn las*e UiaiD nor lon^ka Afto- TÛitins ttoi firid io paHOi, tokias l»ti- 

i> impartiallï trom bU (ide*. oddcallf le- 

* In Tiewinc tbeenormtMU ooiober of 1000 dïffa«it 

Bntboritîn. and «eardùng manj ot Iho secret 

srchi'M ot Um HunooD Cbntcb Hr. B«Deroft 

unw giT» ta the world thii wondeifnl umI le- 

iDarkable work. Ilie oui; tnie historr ot Uar- 

■nonifin i>qhliflbed. 

The «rock reada like a mraance— the wonderfnl 

nrere ot trappera arai (fatelew. thp bloodï 

rhi'n. In ttwiralTIictlnn. 

i:-^,ir^l. TI18I 

|irlnl«l lu Ih* U 

P. Emploi- 


B.nnirtofi Sow». 

Jo». Rtmut, 


T. Kmo. 

Jol» 13. IWI. 




Tb»n> ia iDsnr an arbloR bean todaï 

In UiÎB région Ot iloit aDd smoke. 
Ami there is manj' a bftter sivh caldned 

lu l.lw (ar tampd Connellitille Coke. 
AihI thore'i" nnuiy a nobiehearted mao 

EnSMed In tlila grest flght, 
WlirMD Innocent babea and di)vot«d vite 

Wlll bd aapiiprleiw to-tUgbt. 
Anil for wTersl days nnil In nui 

ITniee unforWiiatfl «laTes of ti 
Usr feel tt 

And thu Sun 
For Prineoy Friak, and Connt Mctlnro, 

Are diotatora în l'okodom to-day. 
And [)od |iit]f tbe pool «bu aïs Torced to eiis 

Kenenth their deapotla ewoj , 
And tlie earl of bloody Morowood, loo, 

No» ravala vitb flondith slee, 
On iintraged JnKtioc. perjarod aonln, 

And the wrongB of tha amployo. 

Drink deep, drlnk deeii. jrou Inoamste Senda, 

And endenvnr ta antinte 
Youf diabulioal tblrat tiMlar, 

Afflociatîon or dcstroiing An^ela. tbfl atory ot 

Ihe briltiant and «if Wd nuthor forn» a naratiio 
Df eicïtiii« latercet, as fagclnating ae a oovel, yvt 
trae tu Ibo letter. AboTe hU in aorpai 
cet îa Ihe tknfuidïng ot the «reat Honuon Quaa- 
lion and tbe mjalene* ot Polygamr, wbich wlll 

pie Ibrongboat tbo Engilah apesking wotM. 
irork U poblished in ooe large- bamlBome toIoom . 
ot OTer BOO pages, boniid in red and gold. and ' 
irars. «randly iUuatral»! with atfel-plato portraito of 

BrnringB and daizlingcaloied plates. Itlaisaaed 
bï tbe KToBt Publisbing House of the Paoifio 
C'oast. XbeHiatoryCumpany of Ban Francisco, 
and can only be pnicured Chrongh tbetr antbor 
iied OBente. Wb call attention to tbe advertiae- 
meut lu another culuinn. audi^r beading ot £2îi.00 


"Honcaty U nevor re-Bned." 
"Art la tbo abodov of nature. 
"Knowledge la tbe aonl ot lit 

Awl tboutrh defaated at 

Dur Vulan yoii will n 

We wlll rapldlr nlly 01 

-Tliebcettitlela one 

r to lail tban not I 


Vol. VI. SEPTEMBER, 1891. No. 8. 

THE HOME INFLUENCE. subdued before a better social cou- 

— — dition is possible, for the condition 

The family, the home, must be that makes the tramp feeds and 
cousidered as the unit o£ society. grows ou its own producfc. Social 
It 18 the beginnîng o£ ail human diseases, like physical ones, must 
relations. A substitute, that is in be attacked at their seat, and the 
keeping with natures unchangable source that propogates them eut 
laws, cannot be imagiued. On its off. Our social reform movemonts 
perfection must rest the perfection must dévote attention to a "health 
o£ ail human relations. AU pro- department" as does a well regu- 
posed social changes must beteated lat-ed municipality the physical 
by the influence it will bave on thia well being of its inhabitants. The 
unit of society. If it will impair migratory disposition that lias 
home ties in the least nothing grown to such proportions amoug 
further is needed to condemn it tbe people of America haa been a 
Esisting social conditions that in- retarding influence on the work of 
jure the home or make it and its organizations for the improvement 
connections less sec ure are the on ly of the conditions of labor, for it 
ones that need to be attacked, and indicates that the home influence 
the success of the attack on them. is being injured if not destroyed. 
will dépend on how much it ia actu- An idea has become rampaut 
ated by the home influence. among the people that in some 

The lise of plutocracy has been other localîty prosperity awaits 
on the ashea of homes or on tha them if they can only reach it, and 
annihilation of the hope of home, the attempt is made, a leap in the 
Its progresB has been hastened by dark, the resuit too ofteu disap- 
the ruin it has left behind, the posi- pointment, and out of disappoint- 
bility of uniting a force to resist mentcomesthefirststeptowardthe 
and destroy it resta in the poasi- tramp, a disregard of iudividual 
bility of rallying it under the at- responsibility, a feeling of a loss 
traction of home iniluences. The of place in the natiou aud au utter 
soldier that is fighting for home "don't care" as to what may resuit. 
always fights the beat. ' With that disposition paramount 

The groveling deapiaed tramp, no govemment of the people is 
non résistant in his every act, is possible, and when the people 
but a living picture o£ a being don't care, the few take the reins 
with home ties destroyed, the in- and the robbery of the many is 
centative for a better condition legalized and the continuation of 
gone out of him. The condition a plutocracy made possible, 
that would make the tramp is the That migratory idea has b| 
mimie that must be first attacked and propogated; Vie,eï\. î.Q-î.ç,e&. cs^t:^ j 


by the oneB that kuow thé advau. ally drifting back and forth in 
tâge to be liad from it, Legîsla- search of employment, senuring 
tnrea bave voted raoney of the eaougb to-day to aid tbem to 
people to aid tbis work of propo- move tomorrow, or tbis year to 
gating it. Most corporations move uext, the vast majority are 
maiutaiu a condition that will ignorant of auy peraonal responsi- 
prevent tbe estabHshment of a bility resting on theiu as to the 
permanent borne life for tbeir affaire of the nation; tbey are lit- 
employés. Often bave tbeir tools tle interesCed in any organized 
said tbe meu were gettiug "too effort for fhe permanent improve- 
indepeudeut" Tbey hadacquired ment of social conditions; forced to 
a little of that wbicb makes tbe face the question of getting any 
manly instincts of bumanity assert employment at ail, tbey center 
itsell Tbe courage that the hope any efforts tbey may make on tbe 
of bariug aud maintaiuiug a home one oî fixlng tbe amount tbey will 
givea, a coiirage tbat, when it be- receive for tbe seasou of employ- 
comes tnlly warmed by tbat infln- meut, and uot as to its perma- 
ence, no oppressors was ever able nency, witbout wbicb few homes 
to resist. Is there any need to eau exist, 

wonder tbat corporations strive to It ia uot life in the palace that 
employ ouly a tenency class of bas the home influence, nor life in 
labiirers and do nothing to propo- tbe cottage, if the occupant of the 
gâte the home influence. Tbey cottage can hold it only so long aa 
know tbat witb it tbe workmen be is able to eam the rent of it 
become "too independent." Hia mind will be priucipally occu- 

The migratory disposition cens- pied wîth that question, for the 
es the consumptiou of tbe anrplua possibility of eaming that rent 
that the laborer may bave laid dépends much ou the fickle whîms 
away, a surplus tbat might be- of an employer, or continnally 
corne dangerous, eareful calcula- subject to tbe charges of tbe arti- 
tion in reducing forces increases fical financial breazes a mau can 
the factory of safety for monopo- cause, more can be espectcd from 
lies. Not ouly in tbe matter of the one living iu the humblest of 
asserting tbeir rights as workmen stmoturea, maintaiuiug tbe plain- 
bot "too mnch independence," in est esistanoe if that condition is 
politicnl views grows with it and maintained under tbe influence of 
mnst be watched ont for. The personal responsibility, for sueh 
labor organisations tbat ar^ striv- conditions indicate tbe existance 
ing to unité men to action from of, aud propu^ate that home influ- 
the home staudpoint, that strive ence social perfection dépends on. 
to remove the meaus ihat are Ciliés, where the percentage of 
osed to preveut the growth of tbe home^wning citizecs are tbe 
home influence are the oues the lowest. are invariably the most 
most hated by tbe oppressors of cormpt. It is not becaose tbe 
bamauitT. E^eiy man sent adrift people are naturally worse, but 
to fiixi emplojTaent acts as a lieoause the spirit of the home 
hinderencf to their work, ""rolling influence does not control theii 
slones gather no moss." Tbe one acts. Found a city and make 
ibat bas nothing to âght for soon ever>- family a home-owner, secnre 
givns up the battle. in itê posesslon and make it îm- 

To leaKxe the influence the possible for another inhabitant to 
Iwi of hom« ties bas on onr social be benefltted by owning the 
p(diTic«l affiùrs, une has but to homes of otbers. and the best po&- 
srmfi- tbe anur of men eominu- siWe goYeniment that haman 


knowledge could conceive would ty of the ballot is possible only 1 
forever be aeeured. under that' iufluence. The defence 

No Bocial or économie reform bas of home ia the defenee of ail hn- ! 
ever beeu established by the in- man joys, its the unit from wliich f 
habitants of citiee, but from the ail else springs. 
rural inhabitants, where the ^reat- ^^— ^^^-^^_ 

er number are under home influ- 
euce. The masses of large cities THEGOVERNMENT RAILROAD EMPLOYE, 
hâve always opposed such reforma 

and 80 long as the présent nature Shall the govemment own and 
of their surroundinge continues it operate the raiiroads is a question 
can be expected they always will; that is rapidly becoming one of 
while they hâve the most to gain gênerai considération and it is not 
they realize the least need of it, likely to grow less in importance, 
the efforts they do make in their and may soon take the place in 
own behalf are against effects. politics that the tariff ([uestion has 

Make it impossible for acorpor- occupied. There is no clasHof cit- 
ation to directly or indirectiy izensthatshouldtakegreaterinter- 
control the homes of its workmen est or become better posted in the 
and one of the sources of their issues the question brings out than 
power is eut off; the club of evic- those who are engaged in the op- 
tion would not theu stand over eration of raOroads. They should 
their heads, either forced or vol- satisfy themselves as to how it will 
untary çviction, for one work an effect their interests ard be ready 
injury like the other. to meet such opposition as may be 

One of the worst influence that ofEered to their views. 
oi^anizations of workmen hâve to The présent owners of the roads 
contend against in matters of im- are the most pronouuced oppon- 
mediate welfare is the class of ents to govemment ownership, and 
workmen that are ever on the move mil use eveiy effort to gain sup- 
and simply because they lack that portera among their employés and 
influence of Personal responeibility will appeal to the préjudices and 
that causes mentounit for common mercenary dispositions of individ- 
purpose. The wonderful progress uals, avoiding as much as possible 
that has been made in the con- arguments on the direct question 
ditions of the indnstrial classes and the better posted the mass of 
of England, against long estab- the employés become the lésa wUl 
lished oppressive conditions that auch moves hâve effect, for if the 
men of America hâve not to meet, beat is to resuit it will corne from 
has been due mueh to the fact opinions reached from reaaoning 
that générations hâve succeeded andnotthoaefoundedonprejudice, 
génération in the same locality, The question is now receiving 
it has maintained a home iuflu- attention in the leading monthlies 
ence. and iu this iaaue we reproduce ex- 

It is this influence that the labor tracts from an article in the Ar,eua 
movement of America must prop- forJuly. "Objection to govemment 
ogate, with men's interest center- ownership of raiiroads," which 
ed at home, there is a watchfulness meetsthe gênerai argument offered 
in maintaining aud improving its against govemmentownership, but 
eurroundings, a common bond of there is a question not brought 
aympathy unita ail in its defence, out that ia of importance to rail- 
there ia a direct interest created road employés, and that ia the 
in opposing the attack that polit- effect govemment ownership j . 
ical corruption makes on it; pure- hâve OTvWvetû. ws,N-çi'"f*3a«Tv. ^ J 


hâve attempted to raise their oftherashouldbeopposedorfavoL 
préjudices in opposition by sajing ed, there would be every reason ii 
that it wDuld make them less inde- beleive that through the influence" 
pendent that their positions would that every railroad workman has 
dépend on the political party in as a citizen, and what cooitnon 
power and subservient to it and justice would demand, every cause 
many other similar etatemeuts; for their esistauce would be re- 
with Bome hearing it saîd so makes moved, and if uot, it is certain they 
it 80, but there are fewer such would be given more weight and 
peopie than there used to be, the character through govemment rec- 
whysandwhereforesareuowcalled ognition and with less machinery 
for by uiore. If there are reasons and espeuce than at présent main- 
why persons whofollowandexpect tained through so many branches, 
to follow the business of railroad- Thia leads us to consider what 
îug the rest of their days, should causes there are for the existanoe 
oppose the goverment opération of organizationa of railroad labor, 
oî railroads it iecertaiuly the duty that government opération would, _ 
of those who know thèse reasons likely remove. , 
to let them be as wideîy known as Kailroad employés hâve 
possible and from the sauie stand- compelled to unité to cause 
point reasons why they should porations to pay a fairer rate of 
fftvor it should be given. Let ail wages, they hâve had to keep 
the reasous that eau be offered be iinited in order to maintain the 
brought into the arena to be pub- rate. When a rate is agreed upon 
licly thrashed out. every petty division or shop boas J 

Ilie writer has heard it inti- acts as if he beleived his repu-j 
niated that if railroad men became tation depended on how much of a ^ 
govemment employés the force iuroad he could make on the estab- ' 
and character of the variouaorgau- lished rate in compétition with 
izations of railroad labor would be others in similar positions for 
destroyed. It is well to consider honors(?). Under govemment 
whether thîs would be true or not, ownership a stop could be mado to 
and if it would not be just as well this as it is iu other branches of 
if it be true. If the cause that haa the govemment service. E,ates of 
made their existance a necessity is wages could be fixed from time to 
also destroyed, what honest nian time and there would be no object ^ 
will not say "speed the day." for any one to vary from it. Al 
Organizations are a means to au standard of efficiency would also 
end, a tool to aceomplishanobject be aided in being maintained, 
with, and when the object is ac- which is as much to the real ben- 
complialied and the causes re- efit of workmen as anything, for a 
moved forever it wonld be worse mau to rate high there means not 
then uaeless to keep them alive, only to rate high in wages but 
They conld then be but organi- corrolatively in other ways that 1 
zatjona to keep up past animosities, which means a happier exîateuce, ] 
If the cause of war ia removed it The right to permauancy in the 3 
is a crime to waste substiuance in service ia another question organi- ] 
supporting an army of officers. zations hâve had to consider, that | 

If under government ownership length and character of service 
the necessity for their exiatance created individual rights that 
remains they will remain equally should not for slight reasons be 
as well aa they do now and then set aside, it is a question that 
the whims of an individual could there has been many a hard strug- 

(«3^ irip^ieranyparticularone gle with corporation managers , 



dat I 

ice I 

or, J 


sep 1\ 

it ii 


over, and, no matter how thorough severe and unjust tban auy govern- 

a gênerai nuderetanding there ment rules would call for, and 

may be reached, at beat it leaves there is no regularity or indis- 

it open to many petty annoyances criminate applying of rules now, 

and abuses. Unjuat discrimina^ but they dépend on tîie discrimi- 

tion againet men coming froni nating disposition of the one that 

petty foremen, that gênerai mana- appliea them, whicli lias a t-en- 

gers of corporations would uot deucy to make men toadyto bosses 

sanction if they knew it, is the and keep their good side so that it 

cause of more of the real troubles will hâve effect ahould accidents 

on railroada than any one other ariee or a mistake be made, and 

cause, and the dlfEculty has this power gives their judges a 

always been in showing this clear- chance to cover up their own défi- 

ly to the gênerai managers and ciencies. Some other person 

public, for itisalwaya made to steal would judge in such cases under 

in in a way that leaves little chance govemment management, work- 

for exposure,- still that feeling men's rights would be maintained 

that it créâtes is there just the through proper adjudication, it 

Bame urging on to other trouble, would really establish arbitratiou, 

The trouble has been that the and neither side could say what 

instigator of this discrimination ahould be thus submitted, it would 

-comes in as j'udge aud jury when remove the uecessity of ineom- 

the question is raised. It ia eaay moding their fellow workmen 

to aee how thia could be improved through organized assistance, or 

on under governmeut employ. trouble the public through a strîke 

Rules for aaserting and establisb- in using this assistance in the 

ing workmen's rights would be extrême, 

law that redress could be had for The making and breaking of 
a violation of ; petty officiais towna through division terminal 
could not long maintain their changes and the conséquent loss' 
hold in the face of that by persist- to non-employe as well as employé 
antly and notorionsly violatîng it citizens, as is now often seeu, 
for Personal advantages. Perma- would be at an end. Bome other 
nancy of their positions would reaaon than the spéculations of an 
not dépend ou the success of a officiai would cause such changes, 
political party, nor on who con- and before they could be ef- 
trolled the majority of the stock fected the why'a and wherefore's 
as now, but on hijw well they did would hâve to be thoroughly and 
their work. publicly ventîlated- Men's ém- 
ît has been offered as an objec- ployment at places where they 
tion that railroad service under had established their homes would 
governmeut management would be aaanred. 

partake of a military diacipline. The dissatisfaction caused when 

Not necessarily more so than at aman of a notorious badcharacter 

présent and would probably be in is promoted over better and more 

a far more équitable way than is capable men, through the iuflu- 

seen at présent and certainly need ence they hâve with the powere 

not be more than enough to main- that be would be at an end. Govern- 

tain the best interest and wel- ment control would cause the de- 

fare of ail. Uniforms, that badge maud to be for the best mau aud 

■of servitude, are demanded at would provide a means to assei- 

preaent; a failure to respoud to a tain who were the best men. This 

■call to duty is followed by punish- would stiniulate a désire to exa 

lent now and is often far more an.d^\ii.\e'Oii\a"^ïi"(i^i"aK*^'îa-^" 


eecure the best places it would are kept silent by a retainer te&,\ 

tend to make ail better men and the newspaper managers who are T 

better citizens and thèse qualities paid to influence the public iu 

insure to ail moro happiness. favoring corporation scliemes, 

Every thing that aide to reraove from euch it is to l>e expected and 

the fear o£ want from men makes ought to be as good an argument 

them reach ont for more of the aB is needed to cause raîlroad em- 

■worid's happy parte, and that of ployes to favor a change, for it 

itself means more good in the is that élément that now do ail 

world and what ail progressive possible to abort their efforta, ( 

moves seek for, it is ail there is to throngh organization, for self im- i 

exist for. prorement. | 

Among those who are most cer- Whatever may be the final out- j 

tain to oppose the proposition for come of the agitation, railroad | 

the goverament control are those employés hâve in the mean time 1 

who gain an advantage over their to make the most of existing con- I 

fellowa througb private ownership. ditions through the meana at their J 

Heavy investors who hâve reaped command, and this they can d» 1 

large profits; those who bave re- while they eonsistantly advocate T 

ceived spécial rates or trauspor- radical changes in existing con- J 

tation favors because of business ditions and not in the least marr- 1 

or Personal relations with direc- the most favorable of their pres- 

tors or for political service? will as ent relations. It is a question that- 1 

well as those who, for the same personal relationehip, either from f 

reasons, hâve occnpied well pay- the basis of the individual or th»' 1 

ing positions conseious that mass of employés, bas no place in / 

they did not merit it, who realize whatever. 
that under govemment they ^^^^^^^^^_ 

would be forced to some where 

near the level that their merit ADVERTISE THE LABOR ORGANIZATION. 

indicated for them. 

We fail to see an effective argu- No one would expect a man to- 
ment that can be brought before succeed in a commercial or manu- ■ 
railioad workmen that would facturing business if he did not- 
show that it is not to their inter- let the world know the kind and ' 
ests to favor govemment owner- quality of the products he had to- 
ship. The change would put in supply it with, and the more per- 
forée ail or nearly ail they sistantly he calle<i the people's 
now organized to establish .and attention to his business the surer 
maintain; that alone ought to be he is of suecess, He advertisea. 
sufficient reason why they should his business, he sets the people- - 
favor it. Présent railroad officiais thinklng his way, 
who bave merit, ought to favor it The powerful corporations exist- I 
equaily with men in more suhordi- by the will of the people, and ( 
nate positions, for their services corporation managers know thafc 
would be in demand, their posi- it is to their interest to influença 
tions more secure, and they that will in their favor. They, 
relieved from taking part in acta therpfore, spend large amounts m 
that their better natures now controlling the main avenue» 
abhor. through which information reaches 

Every citizen that now makes the people, they make it appear in 

gain out of conditions that private their favor. Whether they are 

"-^ership créâtes are among the doing by the people as they 

'fenta; such as ftttorueys who should or not, they know that it is 


just the Bame if they can make the organizations are and thousaude 
people think eo, ail dépends on of thoae in them donot realizethe 
now well they euceeed in bo doing. need of Iiaving suffieient interest 
They can therefore afford to take in tliem to let their uexfc door 
chanceB on large expenditnres, it neighbor know of their aims and 
■pays. They work from the etand- objecta, 
point of Personal intereats. The labor publication with a 

A practical politician once said prosperous appearance is the 
the auccefis of hia patty candidates exception rather than the rule. 
in hia atate ouly depended on hav- Workmen in their struggle for 
ing enongh money to use to over- right hâve not yet awoke to a 
throw the influence the other aide realization of the fact, aa the 
bad with the people. We must political party leader had, thut 
get before enough votera with an there is not suffieient newspapers 
argument tliat will convince them, in the country on their eîde ami 
temporary, at least, that we are that atepa ought to be taken to 
jnat what they want, to turn a supply the deficiency, at leaat the 
majority in our favor, or in other support that ia giveii to their op- 
words, Tve muât advertiae. A ponents advocatea and advertis- 
leader of oue of the principle ing médiums ought to be taken 
political parties lately said that he away and given to their own, it 
thought that his party lacked would alone make a wonderful 
suffieient newapapers — advertiaing change in their appearance. 
mediunia — and that it would be The other side is never guilty 
necessary to aid the circulation of of supporting their enemiea biit 
more; he fully underatood the they see advantage in controiling 
Tatue and need of reacliing tbe papers that hâve the coiifidence of 
people. the oppoaition and in order that 

What is known as the labor confidence will hold aa long as 
movement probably lias more real possible aomethiug that appears 
benefit in it for the masses of the to be in the worknians favor is 
people than ail other questions allowed to appear occaaionally ; 
oombined;Hti]lit8eemstobehandi- that ia a method that aome west- 
capped as against many othera, em railwaya bave resorted to in 
thia haa corne through the the past few years. On ques- 
meagemeasof the advertiaing done tions that hâve but little bearing 
in its favor, those who hâve in any direction they will leau 
hecome interested in furthering towarda the workmau's aide; on 
its work bave failed to aee the serioua onea, on the side that is 
need of being constautly before paying tbe bills. A médium is 
the people witli arguments to thua maintained of reaching those 
interest them and attract them to they wish to and bave them aid in 
conaider the question it bas for supporting it too; it is the decoy 
ail to think of, or bave lacked the method of advertiaing. Such 
means to do it with. Few even of methods can be pursued only 
the active workers in labor organi- throagh publications that are 
zations are aiding in .thia way in uominally under private eontrol, 
near the proportion to their re- and which on the surface are made 
fiouroea that aimilar workers in to appear to be the advocates'of 
secnlar and political organizations thè workman; not that ail such 
do. The resuit is the movement publications are that kind, but 
ia retardod for lack of advertising. that kind are always a aource of 
Tens of thouaand of meu don't private revenue, and i 
know yet what the objecta of labor ment m î.B,"^ot o\ 



ownership o£ labor's advertising procesa will ultimately force to | 
médium, they are more aure to do take a tumble, but theîr tiimble 
the woi'k intended for tliem and will be oiily to the level where 
can be supported on a eurer basie. tbey belong, Wealth possesBiou 
Membere of labor organîzatioua must become lesB and less ameaa- 
have no caiiee to womier that so uring factor, aud especially thafc 
small a percentage of those that wealth that bas been forced on 
should be members, are. Organi- men, such as being boru in a cer- 
zations are business affaira and tain family or having acquired a 
they must be kept to the front on tîtle to Bome land that they done 
business methods, *and as they uothing with or added to its value 
grow under ita influence this work but the growing necessities of the 
becomes lighter on each, Let people, in tinie, forced to pay a 
each see that he is doing aome large sum for or for its use, Such, 
thing in this Une; let uo oppor- men's qualities stand on a decid- 
tunity pasa unuaed to let the edly artificial basis, it wasnothiug 
worltl know of them. in them or that they did ; placed 
^^__^^_^_^ on their mérite as men, their aver- ' 
âge standing would be a long way 
INEQUALITIES. down the Une. Such now stand 
in the way of ratings on natural 

In the August number of the qiiality lines and pusa back those I 
Magazine we published two letters who are honestly striving to ad- 
from business men of Denver, in vance on such Unes. Their exist- ' 
reply to the question "Why do enee is the only real cauae of com- 
inequftlities exist and how can plaint, against existing inequalitiea 
they be remedied." Both are or rather the reasona that make 
worthy of being carefully read, tbeir existence poaaible. 
not that they show a way out of The advice, the writers we refer 
the diffioulty but they show some to give, would then if foUowed 
of the causes, and it may lead make decided changes in the pres- 
Bome one to reasou out in their ent complexion of things. Tho 
own mind a way to even condi- natural inequalities can only bô 
tious some what, as far at leaat as remedied by followiug natural 
thev are personally concemed, and laws, a physical and mental breed- 
and every step a person takes to ing up, but to make thia as it 
make his existauce moro satiafae- ahould be our violation of natural 
tory ia a step in remeding in- laws as to the ownership of natu- 
equalities in the world, The rai opportanities must be stopped, 
whole process has got to be one of that is a natural iuheritance due 
raising up and în doing ao there ia every peraon, if deprived of that 
not the slight^at need of injuring lie is handicapped in the develop- 
any one in his just rights and in- ment of his physical, métal and 
terests, It is a positive proof that moral qualities, and génération 
a wrong methoil is being used if after génération of like conditions, 
such injury ia cauaed to either shows its effect. 
thoae above or below. The test A man like a plant will improve 
muât be found through a cousid- if the conditions effecting his 
erMion of what are just rights. growth and development are im- 

Those who hâve been recogniz- proved, but, if a great weed is al- 
ed as "high" and hâve maiutained lowed to remain so that it will ab- 
tbeir poaition at the expense of sorb the nutriment that should go 
thoae their position placed over, to the plant its growth can l>e im- 
^ tlie ou!y one that au evolutiug proved only by gmbbing the weed 


out by thé roots. Many of fhe men by, The stamp of character 
relative conditions, that eome cou- shoiild appear witli him. He 
aider as ineqnaHties that shouldbs must mate those he meeta feel by 
remedied, require iio remedy at his every act what he is. When 
ail for they are simply imagiuary. the industrial masses gênerai rec- 
A man building a locomotive is ognize that, that sentimentalism 
commonly looked on as iuferibr to now seeu will disappear, for, be- 
the one pleading a case in court, ing the great majority they hâve 
setting a broken leg or filling a the making of t-uatoms largely in 
deeayed tooth, but such are ouly theîr own hands. If the masses 
imaginary inequalities that hâve did not look np to those in the 
been recognized becauso of the professions but from heads erect 
past conditions that should never straight at them the imaginary in- 
have hfld a place in the relations equalities would no longer exist. 
of the human family. The great It is a common spectacle to see 
industrial bodies are the most a man besotted witb drink trying 
numerous, the "profesaious" hâve to couvince a sober man that he îs 
had more attention called to them as good as him. It requires but a 
and the larger number in indus- glance of the spectator ta pass 
trial persuits hâve allowed tliera judgment in his own miud and 
"honorable récognition" and them- that judgment does not vary 
selvea to appear inferior as a among a multitude of spectatora 
wbole, by, as a whole, acting as if at that moment, no matter what 
they were. their judgment might be were 

There ia no reaaon why aman both sober. Man's rating through 
who has set a broken leg euccess- lîfe, therefore, in a measure, is 
fully should be considered superi- what the world's daily décision as 
or or bepaidasîf behaddonemore to his appearance will average. 
than the one who has succeasfully This rating will not be far from 
"welded a broken locomotive f rame, the natural one. The inequalifcies 
men are recognized very much as thua seen are those that éducation 
they demand récognition. alone can remedy, not the educa- 

ïwo men appear at social gather- tion that is found in books, for 
ing, one labors as a mechanic the that is but the alphabet of real 
other as physiciau, nopersonal dis- éducation, 
tinctionas to appearance, langue ge ^^^^^__^^_ 

manners or acts ought to raise a ' 

question in the minda of others as In the very nature of thiuge ia there 
to a différence in their standing not a lawof union, an irrévocable law, 
and if there is it will either arise a law as eteroal as that of gravitation, 
from senti m entai is m or the acta of binding ail classes, ail grades of labor 
the two, yet commonly the me- into one interde pendent whole. 
chanic will be regarded and treat- There is not^ we surmise, in the 
ed as an inferior to the physician world of mind, a broader, deeper or 
no matter how he acts; Buch ariaes more commanding truth in ail the 
from a custom, stations in life sciences and pbilosopbiea than tbe one 
bave been recognized, the indus- we hâve suggested, that labor, in ail 
trial classes inferior to the prof es- of its branches and classifications, con- 
sional or commercial, and the in- stitntes a onen^s, a unity, which no 
dustrial class hâve allow it to be power in earth or heaven can change. 
kept up and too often by their acts If ao, it foUows logically thas any al- 
gave reaaon for it. tempt to change the irrévocable law. 

Moral and industrial worth must be productive of oonfusioi 
should be the standard to gauge iniaaVice. 


Thearistocracy, notoflabor, but in THE RICH AND THE POOR. 

labor, or more properly, in labor cir- 

clés, is an exhibition of mental deform- For the past twenty-five years the 
ity and infirmity, explainable only up- rieh hâve controlled both houses of 
on the hypothesis that labor has copied congress, the associated press, and 
the most répulsive characteristics of nearly ail the newspapers of the coun- 
the men who debase labor — the men try. - During this time they hâve been 
who rob workingmen and grow rich using législation, the press and their 
by the tribute money they extort. voices against the poor. During this 

If workingmen were united in sym- time there has been a conspiracy of 
pathetic bonds; if the skilled laborer capital that must be exposed. There 
broadened rather than dwarfed as he hâve been favors granted and obtained 
advanced in knowledge until he, if a by class and clique. Corporations hâve 
bricklayer, could comprehend the fact controlled ail sources of political 
that he is dépendent upon the hod car- power and hâve absorbed the wealth 
rier; if the locomotive enginfeer could of the people. 

grasp the fact that he is dépendent up- During this quarter of a century 
on the locomotive fireman, decending they hâve allowed aliens to get con- 
to or ascending from the humblest la- trol of more than twenty million 
borer the aristocratie idea in labor cir- acres of our public domain, and hâve 
clés would disappear, the interdepen- given chartered corporations one hun- 
dence of labor would at once constitute dred million acres more. They hâve 
a bond of union, a chain whose links, been exempted from taxation, while 
forged and fashioned to hold working- the taxes hâve been coUected from the 
men in harmonious alliance, who girt poor under a tyrannical System, and 
them about as a defence in every time our nation is fast drifbing toward a 
of trouble and resist invasion, though money making mob that cannot exist 
assailed by ail the plutocrats that ever much longer with impunity. The an- 
cursed the earth. — Locomotive Pire- noying contrivances of avarice are 
men^a Magazine. even a greater vexation to the poor 

We congratulate Brother Debs than the taxes, 
in having put himself so squarely During this time many of our place» 
on record for real fédération. He of worship hâve been controlled by 
has expressed what the Knights of the rich. The i)ews of the church 
Labor are striving to hâve prac- built to teach within its walls the doc- 
ticed. Eecognizing that it is the trine of him who kicked the money 
violation of that "irrévocable law" lenders out, are fiUed with those who 
that keeps labor inslaved, it seeks hâve kicked out the gospel of him who 
to unité men on the basis of that never uttered a word of consolation 
"oneness," that "unity which no for the millionaire. The gospel of 
power in earth or heaven can Jésus is not the gospel of the banker, 
change." Class union will perpetn- but of the begger. It is not the gospel 
ate, as it has made in the past, the of the rich but of the poor. The rich 
necessity for the phrase "i/ work- man's gospel is preached from many a 
ingmen were united." It breeds pulpit, but it is not to be found in the 
the "aristocratie idea." new testament, and the church that 

= reçoives into its fellowship a million- 

* 'People work harder to get the aire, has more révérence for him than 
fruit of others toil, than to earn for Jésus. 

the fruit themselves." Every year our government is plac- 

ing the governors more at their ease at 

"The right to vote includes the the expense of the poor, who are 
right to choose a method, or the through necessity, the only producers, 
ugh t destroys itselt ' ' and ^ho pay ail the taxes. Popularity 


and patriotietn bave become the beaten and upon the dignity of man, and that 

roads to power and tyrany. The com. the wealth of one nation muet onoe 

mon people are only theoratically free; more be made to be in the eoul of its 

Hiey are slaves to unequol laws, elavea people, and in the breaat of ita sons, 

oonsequently to the rich, by whose instead of in their poekets. The poor 

influence and for whose beneflt thoM are daily pledging Ibernselves to etand 

laws are framed, The rich hâve long by the déclaration, and in the near 

enoiigti had their aay abont tbe poor, ït future you may see backed by a ponder- 

ia now tîme for the poor to eay what oub avalanche of ballota, another 

they think of the rich. Let the bal- déclaration go forth, that will land the 

ance be struck, and if tbere la a wrong recognized interpretora of oor lawe, 

it must be righted. Thia ie the verdict and many of our lawmakers beyond 

of hîstory, and this âge will do well to the paie of their juriediction, except- 

heed it before it is fcoo late, for when ing as private citizeoB. 

the wronged do not get justice they The poor are a good deal like the 

take revenge. elder, who the parson announced 

Tbere is no principle in numbers would read a paper on the Devil, and 

which will enable one unaided man, concluded by eaying "itwasacarefully 

with powers only equal to those of any prepared paper and the elder was full 

otberman, to perform theunited labor of hia Bubject." 

of one hundred; and tbere ia no princi- They bave been gathering and study- 

ple of reason or of justice, which will ing atatietics. They leam from thèse 

allow one man to appropriât* the that the rioh bave not accumulated 

&uitt< of tbe labor of one hundred, their wealth througb boneet toil, but 

but sueh ia the opération of our social througb spécial législation. They are 

aystem. talking politloa and they are gettiug 

On fraud and robbery legalized i\ill of the eabject. Sinoe they flnd 

atanda ail our power, wealth and glory. that the average eamings of tbe Penn- 

Por tbe paat twenty-flve yeara we aylvania rainera waa 93 cents a day 

bave not been toverned bv the démo- for laat year, while during thia same 

cracy of Jefferaon, who aaid, "one time, according to the officiai report, 

balf of mankind are not born witb the government bas coUected every 

aaddles on their backs, and the other minute, night and day, $9G intereat on 

half born booted and spurred, ready to tbe public debt aione. 

ride tbem by the gn?ace of God." They know that labor pays ail taxes, 

The owners of nine million mort- and a great portion of the $09 a minute 

gagea homes and farma, are begining ia paidont of the average earninga of 

to leam that they bave righte, that tbe 93 centa a day and leaa, 

rich are bound to respect. They know They know that thoae who are fortn- 

that thoae who are délicate about aak- nate ^nougb, or able ta obtain em- 

ing for wbat ia properly due them are ployment, not only pay ail thèse taxes 

déficient in the apirit of independence, but they further pay tbe taxes of tbe 

and on May 20tb, 1891, they had the idle ndllionairea, Whether they be 

manllness to demand what they had millionairea or the tramps the mil- 

been praying to hâve granted. On lionaires bave produced, they know 

tihii mémorable day they bave aent that under our présent syatem tbe rich 

forth a new déclaration, which aaya and tbe dépendent poor are growing 

onr government must he economically more numeroua year after year, wbile 

administered; it must be effective, and the ranka of the middle classes are 

disinterested as regarda class interest, being tbinned eut. 

entirely élective, and it must truly They care notbing about the obli- 

represent ail claaaea. They bave de- gâtions of the wealth of the rich. 

clared that our lawa must once more They do not ask charity, tbev demand 

be formed upon tbe dignity of labor, justice, Tbev ft^^ ■aQ\!îâM& 


obligations of a Camagie, who it is not among the Camagies who could 

said made a million and a half dollars establish it at once and without a 

in a single year, lately, who could stmggle. 

take a party of Americans tbrough Wbatwould our forefathers or the 

Scotland in such kingly style at bis martyrs of tbe Revolutionary days say 

own exi)ense, wbile bis employés were if tbey could suddenly be placed in 

working for (1.00 per day, and but a tbe middt of our présent social System? 

sbort time previous were getting but Would tbey marvel at tbe wisdom of 

90 cents a day. tbeir descendants, or would tbey be 

Tbe poor are leaming tbat forty per insane enougb to belieye tbe présent 

cent of tbe toilers eamings goes to pay policy tbe best to pursue? Who will 

interest to enricb tbe money lenders of answer tbis question? 

tbis country and Europe. Tbey are Perbaps you can get a solution to 

not even mislead by tbe millionaire tbe question in yonders fasbionable 

writer in tbe North American Review cburcb. Ask yonder fat old gentle- 

on tbe A B of money, wben be says man, fast asleep, witb bis gold spec- 

a gold basis is necessary for tbe safety tacles percbed on tbe top of bis nose, 

of a nation' s currency, because tbey wbo bas dividends and rent rolls writ- 

know tbe best times tbis country ever ten on every wrinkle of bis face, or, 

saw was wben a métal dollar of any ask tbat lady in ber velvet dress and 

description was a stranger to ninety- ermine cap, wbo is eyeing ber neigh- 

nine one bundredtbs of tbe people. bor's Russian sables witb an envions 

Wben be says wbat a grand tbing it eye. Ask tbose wbo bave misrepre- 

would be for Great Britain if our sented tbe people in our American, 

country could be brougbt down to a bouse of lords tbe past tbirty years, 

silver basis. Tbe poor know tbat see wbat tbey will say. Do you tbink 

Great Britain did not tbink so wben tbe verdict would be satisfactory? 

tbey sent an emissary over bere witb H. Breitenstbin. 

fÔOO, 000 and secured tbe demonitization 

of silver in 1873. Wben be says, **all ' 

the acts of congress in the world can- "NO REWARD WITHOUT GREAT LABOR.'" 

not lessen the value of gold." Tbey 

can point witb pride to tbeir 1417 Workingman, wbat are you doing to 

représentatives who met in Cincinnati, make your conditions better? You 

May 19tb, everyone of whom bad the must remember "there is no reward 

common sensé to know tbat wben without great labor." Are you wait- 

there is enougb gold in the shape of ing for some one else to gather the 

coin to supply the demand for it in the harvest? "As you sow so sball yoa 

arts for more than fifty years, reap." Are you one of tbose tbat 

and that if ail nations should ^pmon- tbink you are a little above tbe aver- 

itize gold a twenty dollar gold coin âge of the human family? What 

would not be wortb five dollars in solace do you expect to find in your 

paper or silver money. Tbey know isolated sanctum from tbe average 

that wben Belgium and Germany breadwinner of the présent day? 

demonitized gold, on the discovery of Has the thought ever occured to you 

gold in California and Australia, "the that ail mankind was created equal? 

acts of tbeir congress" did lessen its How do you spend your leisure 

value. bours? Or do you foUow in the train 

The great movements of the world of tbe dumb animal of the field, sim- 

have generally commenced among piy eat, sleep and drink? 

tbose who were apparently the least Wbat are you going to leave your 

calculated to ad van ce them; among offsprings as a legacy of your pa^ot- 

oae weak in power and influence. îsm'î Ot aTe> ^ovîl %o\w^ \.ç> \fe"KSï^ -^Saîa 
advocatea of political reform are ^orld m a -woT^fâ cot^ôMàoti \>CLid2&. ^53^ 


found it. Are you Batiafled witli the caae what is your remedyî Is it to 

small pictance you now receive, or do detest your own flesh and blood. 

you wiah to procure a, small adyanee Christian epirit where are you now? 

for youraelf alone and leave your Or are we once again in tlie middle 

weaker brother to plod along as beet âges. 

he can. We cannot ail be philoBophers, 

Stop for a moment and think what statesmen, mechanice, etc. We ail 

you are doing, (if such is your deeirei hâve our part to play in this great 

before you procède any farther and drama, and tione Bhould be allowed to 

take a good view of the past. For by shirk their part. 

it we muât judge, if we are to judge at Men who class tbemselvCB as skilled 

ail. Firat to begin with, let us look at men and hold themselvea above the 

the National Banks, and view them reet, lÎBten a moment. Suppose you 

carefuUy, under the paterual care of ahould looae an arm. What muBt you 

the governmentthey proBperandflour- do for a living. Sue the company? 

iah. But ail of ue cannot qualify for Yes, certainly; if I loat it while work- 

BUch profitable enterpriae, conséquent- ing for them. But suppose the evi- 

ly we are debarred from memberahip dence in the caae showa you was to 

and must get along the beat we can. blâme. What thenî Why, accept the 

Who gave to those bankers this privil- beat possible thing I could get. Pray 

ige they now enjoyî Wliy, congress, what would you be then but a laborer 

to be sure. But by what authority did that you deteated ao much that you 

congress conferthiB great blesaingupon reflised to recognize wheu you waa a 

thia privileged claaa. mechanic. 

By our stupidity and their cupidity, We hâve not advanced ao far yet 

thia brief explanation may not aatiafy that an eiigineer could get along with- 

you ail, but space will not permit any out a fireman; nor can a mechanic 

more. perform hia work without some asais- 

"Unit«d we stand divided we fall." tance, and eau it be possible after ail 

Does thia not aeem clear to your mindî thia, that this same help ia to be ostra- 

Was we not divided when congrese cized as though it was aome înferior > 

gave our land awayî and hâve we not being. 

been divided untîl almoat everything I hold that any man haa a perfect 

else bas been taken away? Then in right to belong to any lawful institu- 

the name of comraon senae why seek a tion that he may deem proper, al- 

further divisionî tbougb ît ia no direct benefii to any 

Awaken brothera, you bave alumber- but himeelf. But no sane man will 

ed too long, and in your awakening deny me niy righte to oonvince thia 

think of those that are at the bottom man that bis motivea are sclli