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Full text of "United States census of business, 1948"

BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



3 9999 06398 424 7 




RETAIL TRADi 







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Given By 

U. S. SUFI. OH -LiOCUMENTS 



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The List of Corrections for this Volume 
wi!l be found on page 51 



981778— B2- 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

CHARLES SAWYER, Secretary 



[/.S-BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

V 
ROY V. PEEL. Dirculur (Appointed Man-h 9, 1950) 
J. C. CAl'T, Dire.tor (Ki'tirei) Augu«t 17. 1949) 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF • 

BUSINESS 
1948 

Volume I 

RETAIL TRADE -GENERAL STATISTICS, PART 1 



Sales Size, Single and Multiunits, Employee Size, City Size, 
Legal Form of Organization, and Other Subjects 



Prepared by the Business Divisiun 

under the supervision of 

William C. Truppner (to January 2, 1951) 

Harvey Kailin (beginning January 2, 1951) 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1952 



For ialt by the Superintendent of Documents, \j. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C Price $4,50 (Buckram) 

m 
PUBLIC 



^ 



BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 







S515!LcSn^ U. S. SUPERINTENDFNT OF OOCUMINTI 

JUN 11 lb52 



ROY V. PEEL, Director (Appointed March 9, 1930) 
J. C. CAPT, Director (Retired August 17, 1949) 



A. Ross EcKLER, Deputy Director 

Howard C. Grieves, Assistant Director 

Conrad Taeuber, Assistant Director 

Morris H. Hansen, Assistant Director for Statistical Standards 

Robert Y. Phillips, Executive Assistant to the Director 

Calvert L. Dedrick, Coordinator, International Statistics 

Frank R. Wilson, Information Assistant to the Director 

Business Division — W. C. Truppner, CA;?/ (to January 2, 1951) 

Harvey Kailin, Acting Chief (beginning January 2, 1951) 
M. D. Bingham,' Assistant Chief for Processing and Management 

Retail Trade Section — E. J. Enoquist, Jr., Chief 
Wholesale Trade Section — John Albright, Chief 
Service Trade Section — R. C. Janoschka, Chief 
Statistical Methods Section — Max A. Bershad, Chief 

Administrative Services Division— Walter L. Kehres, Chiif 
Agriculture Division — Ray Hurley, Chief 
Budget OflScer — Charles H. Alexander 
Field Division — Lowell T. Galt, Chief 
Foreign Trade Division — J. Edward Ely, Chief 
Geography Division — Clarence E. Batschelet, Chief 
Governments Division — Allen D. Manvel, Chief 
Industry Division— Maxwell R. Conklin, Chief 
Machine Tabulation Division — C. F. Van Aken, Chief 
Personnel Division — Helen D. Almon, Chief 
Population Division — Howard G. Brunsman, Chief 













SUGGESTED IDENTIFICATION 








u. 


s. 


Bureau 


of the Census 


U. S. Census of Business: 1948, Vol. I: Retail Trade— C\ 


nerj/ S'furi 


//Vt, 








Part 1 


V. S 


Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C. 


1952 







This volume replaces the 1948 Census of Business Subject Bulletins, 2-R-2 through 2-R-7 



PREFACE 

This is one of a series of seven volumes ])i-esentin!j; final results of the 1948 Census of Business for Retail, Wholesale, 
and Serviee Trades. Statistics for lielail Trade arc conlained in three volumes — Volume 1, General Statistics, Part 1 ; 
Vohime II, General Statistics, Part 2, and Merchandise Line Sales Statistics; and Volume III, Area Statistics. The 
Census, which was conducted by personal canvass of business estal)lishments, was taken in accordance with the jiro- 
visions of the act of June 19, 1948 (02 Stat. 478; \:i U. S. C. 121 12:]). This act provides for a Census of Business to 
cover the year 1948 and every fifth year thereafter. Pr-e\ ious business censuses covered the years 1929, 19;]H, 1 9:],'), 
and 1939. 

Important to the conduct of the 1948 Census of Business wei'e liie assistance of many private and public oi-ganiza- 
tions in the planning phase of the census and the excellent cooperation of some 3,000,000 business establishments in 
supplying the infoi'mation retiuiied, as well as the work of the several thousand Census employees who ])ai-licipat('d in 
the field enumeration, editing, tabulation, and other census operations. 

The advice of trade associations, individual businessmen, research and marketing organizations, and Government 
agencies was invaluable in dcteiinining the feasibility of collecting various types of data and the methods for minimizing 
the burden of reporting, as well as in determining the types of information which would be of gieatest value. Because 
of butlgetary and other limitations, it was not possible to collect all of the data recommended by these groups. Timely 
publicity given to the Business Census by business oiganizations, trade papers, local newspapers, and radio stations aiiled 
greatly in informing businessmen of the nature and objectives of the census ami facilitated the collection of census reports. 

The primar}- responsibility for the 1948 Census of Business was centered in the Business Division of the Census 
Bureau. Other divisions of the Bureau, ])articulaily the Field Division and the Machine Tabulation Division, also 
had important functions in the census. 

The Business Census was taken under the supervision of William C. Truppner, Chief of the Business Division. 
Harvey Kailin, Assistant Division Chief, Progi'am Branch, was appointed Acting Chief, January 2, 1951, to su(;ceed Mr. 
Truppner who was detailed to the National Production Authority. Major contributions to the planning of the 1948 
Census of Business were made by William A. Ruff, Assistant Chief, who retii'cd January 1, 1948, and Earl D. Krickbaum, 
Chief of the Procedures and Processing Section until November 1, 1948. 

The following personnel in the Business Division had important responsibilities in the census: 

Max A. Bershad was Chief of the Statistical Methods Section. Henry Wulff, in charge of Quality Control, worked 
on field enumerating techniques and office editing and tabulating procedures. Aaron Sabghir, in charge of Sampling 
Techniciues, worked on the post enumeration survey and measures of census coverage and accuracy. 

Ernest J. Engquist, Jr., was Chief of the Retail Trade Section and James 0. Reid was Assistant Chief. Maurice 
Haven, James W. Turbitt, John W. Field, Victor O. McNabb, and Jane E. McCullough, participated in the plamiing 
and developing of report forms, publication plans, and manuals; the writing of texts; and the handlin.g of technical 
problems arising during the processing of reports and tabulations. 

Louis Greenberg was responsible for leview of all text material and table forms, and assisted on i)ul)licatioii 
problems. 

M. D. Bingham, Chief of the Procedures and Piocessing Secticm, was subsequently appointed Assistant Division 
Chief, Processmg and Management Branch. L. Parker Temple was Assistant Chief of the Procedures and Processing 
Section; Richard S. McCurdy. succeetled by R. M . Micoly iti July 1949, and assisted by Jervis Bi'aunstein, was in charge 
of the Directory Subsection, responsible for receiving repojt forms and the handling of special problems connected with 
multiunit fums. Percival Ableman, succeeded by R. M. Micoly in March 1950, was Chief of the Retail Trade Processing 
Subsection and was in charge of editing, coiling, and tabulating Retail Trade reports. J. Stanley Weiking i)articipated 
in the design of forms and all problems of printing and preparation of material for publication. 

In the Field Division, Jack B. Robertson, assisted by Arthur Cook, directed the field work for the Census of Busi 
ness. Lancelot W. Armstrong, Machine Tabulation Division, assisted bj- Martha Ayres, was responsible for machine 
tabulation techniques and procedures; and Franklin ]j. Thatcher and Robert II. Brooks, Administrative Services Divi- 
sion, were responsible for the printing and publishing of the Census of Business. 



OTHER 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS VOLUMES* 

Volume II: RETAIL TRADE —GENERAL STATISTICS, PART 2, AND MERCHANDISE LINE 

SALES STATISTICS 



ChaptPr 

10. Merchandise Inventories. 

11. Credit. 

12. Selected Tj-pes of Operation. 

13. Employment and Pay Roll. 

14. Trucks. 

15. Miscellaneous. 

16. Merchandise Line Sales — Food Group. 

17. Merchandise Line Sales — Eating and Drinking Places. 

18. Merchandise Line Sales — General Merchandise Group, Gen- 

eral Stores. 



Chapter 

19. Merchandise Line Sales — Apparel Ciroup. 

20. Merchandise Line Sales — Furniture, Furnishings, .\ppliance 

Group. 

21. Merchandise Line Sales — ."Automotive (Irouj) and Gasolin« 

Service Stations. 

22. -Merchandise Line Sales — Lumber, Building, Hardware Group. 

23. Merchandise Line Sales — Drug and Proprietary Stores. 

24. Merchandise Line Sales — Miscellaneous Kinds of Business. 



Volume III: RETAIL TRADE— AREA STATISTICS 

United States Summary 
Area Statistics. — Consists of 50 chapters: One for each State, one for the District of Columbia, and one for Territories (.\laska and 



Hawaii) 



Volume IV: WHOLESALE TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS AND COMMODITY LINE 

SALES STATISTICS 



Chapter 

1. United States Summary. 

2. Sales Size and Operating Expenses. 

3. Credit. 

4. Sales by Class of Customer. 

5. Legal Form of Organization. 

6. Employee Size. 

7. Trucks. 



ChajJter 

8. Miscellaneous. 

9. Territories (Alaska and Hawaii). 

10. Commodity Line Sales — United States. 

11. Commodity Line Sales — Merchant Wholesalers. 

12. Commodity Line Sales — IVIanufacturers' Sales Branches. 

13. Commodity Line Sales — .'\ssemblers. 

14. Petroleum Bulk Stations and Terminals. 



Volume V: WHOLESALE TRADE— AREA STATISTICS 

United States Summary 

Area Statistics. — Consists of 50 chaptert- : One for each State, one for the District of Columbia, and one for Territories (Alaska and 
Hawaii). 

Volume VI: SERVICE TRADE GENERAL STATISTICS . 



Chapter 

1. United States Summary. 

2. Receipts Size. 

3. Employee Size. 

4. City Size. 

5. Legal Form of Organization. 

6. Trucks. 

7. Citv Statistics. 



Chapter 

8. Laundries, Cleaning and Dyeing Plants, hihI lielatcd Services. 

9. Amu.senients. 

10. Hotels. 

1 1. Tourist Courts. 

12. .\ut-)mobilo Repair Services and Garages. 
i:{. Miscellaneous. 

14. Territories (.\la~ka and Hawaii). 



Volume VII: SERVICE TRADE AREA STATISTICS 

United States Summary 

Area Statistics. — Consists of 50 chapters: One for each State, one for the District of Columbia, anrl one for Territories (Alaska and 
Hawaii). 



•See appendix F fur a list of tables included in each chapter. 



\1 



GENERAL CONTENTS 



[Arabic page numbers in this report are keyed to chapter numbers by a decimal system. Thus, page 1.17 is page 17 in chapter 1 (United 
States Summary) ; page 6.57 is page 57 in chapter 6 (Legal Form of Organization). The flrst page of each chapter contains a detailed 
table of contents for that chapter] 

Page 

Introduction : 1 

The Post Enumeration Survey ^ 5 

Summary of Findings 7 

The Use of Sampling in the Enumeration of Retail Stores 40 

List of Correct ions 51 

Volume I; 

I'nit ed States Summary 1.01 

Sales Size 2. 01 

Single Units and Multiunits 3. 01 

Employee Size 4. 01 

City size ■ 5.01 

I>egal Form of Orgaiiizat ion 6. 01 

Warehoviscs, Other Auxiliary Units 7. 01 

Miscrllanoous 8. 01 

Territories (Alaska and Hawaii) _ 9. 01 

Merchandise Inventories 10. 01 

Credit j .. 11. 0! 

Selected Types of Operation 12. 01 

13. Employment and Pay Roll 13. 01 

Trucks 14. 01 

Miscellaneous 15. 01 

Merchandise Line Sales — Food Cirotip 16. 01 

Merchandise Line Sales — Eating and Drinking Places 17. 01 

Merchandise Line Sales — General Merchandise Group, General Stores 18. 01 

Merchandise Line Sales — Apparel Ciroup 19. 01 

Merchandise Line Sales — Furniture, Furnishings, Appliance Group 20.01 

Merchandise Line Sales — Automotive Group and Gasoline Service Stations 21. 01 

Merchandise Line Sales — Lumber, Building, Hardware Group ^ 22.01 

Merchandise Line Sales — Drug and Proprietary Stores 23. 01 

Merchandise Line Sales — Miscellaneous Kinds of Business .% 24. 01 

Appendixes 25. 01 

Appendix A. The Census Act of ,Iune 19, 1948 25. 02 

Appendix B. Kitid-of-Business Classification 25. 03 

Appendix C. Comparison of Kind-of-Business Classifications: 1948, 1939, and 1929 25.08 

Appendix D. Explanat ion of Terms 25. 1 2 

Appendix E. Report Forms 25. 16 

Appendix F. Contents of 1948 Census of Business Volumes 25. 32 

Appendix G. Pattern of Mercliandise Lines and Index of Kinds of Business Using Related Lines 25. 39 

List of Maps: 

United States, by Geographic Division 8 

Standard Metropolitan .\reas 38 

Standard Metropolitan ,\reas in the Northeastern Part of the United States 39 

Standard Metropolitan .\rcas (as defined by Tlie Bureau of the Budget, June 5, 1950) 37 

List of Charts: 

How the Retail Dollar Was Spent in 1948 10 

Retail Sales by Kind-of-Business Group: 1948, 1939, and 1929 11 

Metropolitan .\rcas and Their Central Cities — LTnited States: 1948 13 

Retail Sales, by Kind of Business, by City-Size Group: 1948 15 

Sales of Single and Multiunit Stores as a Percent of Total Sales — Selected Kinds of Business: 1948 19 

Personnel of Retail Stores and Average Sales per Person — Selected Kinds of Business: 1948 24 

Charge Account Sales and Balances Due on Charge Accounts — United States: 1948 29 

Credit Experience of Retail Stores, Selected Kinds of Business — United States ; 1948 30 



Til 



Chapt er 


1. 


C^hapter 


2. 


Chapter 


3. 


Chapter 


4. 


Chapter 


5. 


Chapter 


6. 


(*hapter 


7. 


Chapter 


8. 


Chapter 


9. 


Volume II: 




Chapter 


10. 


Chapter 


11. 


Chapter 


12. 


Chapter 


13. 


Chapter 


14. 


Chapter 


15. 


Chapter 


16. 


Chapter 


17. 


Chapter 


18. 


Chapter 


19. 


Chapter 


20. 


Chapter 


21. 


Chapter 


22. 


Chapter 


23. 


Chapter 


24. 



INTRODUCTION 



Scope of the census and area covered. — The 1948 
Census of Business covers Retail, Wholesale, and Service 
Trades. Retail and Wholesale Trades in the Business 
Census correspond with minor exceptions to these trade 
divisions as described iii the Standard Industrial Classi- 
fication Manual, issued May 1949, under the sponsor- 
ship of the Bureau of the Budget, Executive Office of 
the President. For a discussion of the census scope of 
Service Trade, see Introduction to Volume VI: Service 
Trade — General Statistics. All previous Business Cen- 
suses covered Retail and Wholesale Trades; Service 
Trades were fii'st enumerated in the 1933 Census. 

The 1948 Census of Business mcludes business estab- 
lishments located in continental United States and the 
Teri-itories of Alaska and Hawaii. Data for Puerto 
Rico, obtained in a Census of Business for 1949, are 
published separately. The 1939 Business Census cov- 
ered the same areas as the 1948 Census, and, in addition, 
Puerto Rico. All earlier Business Censuses were con- 
ducted only in continental United States. 

Period covered by the census. — The 1948 Census of 
Business is basicaUj" a report of business activity in the 
calendar year 1948. However, the relatively small pro- 
portion of establishments that maintained their records 
on a fiscal-year basis and were unable to report on a 
calendar-year basis, were permitted to use a fiscal year 
ending between September 30, 1948, and March 31, 
1949. In a very few cases, reports were accepted for 
fiscal A"ears not falling within this range. Regardless 
of the fiscal year used, aU establishments were required 
to report employnaent and pay roll (except annual pay 
roll) for the pay periods specified on the report forms. 

Method of canvass. — The 1948 Census of Business 
was conducted primarily by means of field enumeration. 
For purposes of enumeration, 308 Census field offices 
were established with responsibditj^ for canvassing the 
some 37,000 enumeration districts Into which the Nation 
was divided. Full-scale field operations for the 1948 
Census of Business were begun near the end of May 1949, 
shortly following the principal appropriation of funds 
for the census. The field work was divided into two 
broad phases, each of which is described below. The 
listing of business establishments, phase 1, was com- 
pleted late in September, about fom* months after start- 
ing full-scale operations. The collection of report forms, 
phase 2, was substantially completed by the end of 
November 1949. 

Enumerators were required to list all recognizable 
businesses (except medical, dental, and law offices, gov- 
ernment offices, and also farms), and in the course of 
listing, to go into each business establishment to record 
the name of the business and of the owner, general kind 
of business conducted, whether the establishment was 
part of a multiunit organization, whether (if a retail 
establishment) its 1948 sales volume was $100,000 or 

981778 — 52 1 



more, and other items required for subsequent opera- 
tions. Each establislunent was listed by the enumerator 
as encountered whUe systematically canvassing each 
city block and each road or highway in rural areas in a 
preassigned pattern. A separate Listing Book (sec. IV of 
which is reproduced in appendix E) was used for each 
enumeration district. 

During the listing operation, phase 1, appropriate 
report forms were left with business establishments for 
subsequent return to Census District Offices by mail. 
Retail establishments which were parts of multiunit 
organizations or which had sales in 1948 of $100,000 or 
more were required to complete the Retail "long form," 
BC-21, as were one in ten of the single-unit businesses 
with 1948 sales of less than $100,000. Remaining small 
retailers were required to complete the "short form," 
BC-20. In a small proportion of cases (usually small 
retail or service businesses) the completed Census form 
was obtained by the enumerator in the course of the 
listing operation. In the case of business establish- 
ments which were units of multiunit organizations no 
report form was left for completion, unless requested by 
the establishment. In general, the reports for estab- 
lishments operated by multiunit organizations were 
prepared at the central offices of the organizations. The 
reports so obtained were checked against a card file 
prepared from enumerator listings, thus insuring com- 
pleteness of multiunit organization reportmg. 

A large percentage of the business establishments 
with which reporting forms were left during the listing 
operation completed the forms and mailed them to the 
Census District Office without further contact from the 
Bureau. Where necessary, reminder letters were mailed 
to establishments which bad not submitted their reports. 
Those establishments which did not file their report in 
response to the reminder letters were again visited by 
an enumerator who was instructed to secure the report. 

To insure that the reports received were not only usable 
but met Census quality requirements, a field office coding 
and editing operation was conducted. This operation, 
along with the follow-up activities to obtain reports not 
promptly submitted, became phase 2 of the field opera- 
tion. All reports which did not contain requhed infor- 
mation together with those which did not meet other 
quality standards were held in the field offices until a 
further check could be made with respondents and the 
reports corrected as necessary. 

Because the completeness of coverage of the census 
depended so largely on the quality of the work done by 
individual enumerators during phase 1 of the enumera- 
tion, considerable effort was expended in verifying and 
correcting this work. 

First, the work of each enumerator was checked in the 
field by a crew leader or supervisor by recanvassing a 
sample of the work. Wherever the listing was found to 



RETAIL TRADE 



be unsatisfactory, the enumerator was given furthei- in- 
structions before being allowed to proceed. 

Second, a complete card file of firms reporting to the 
Social Security Administration's Bureau of Old Age and 
Survivors Insurance was obtained. These cards were ar- 
ranged by enumeration districts and within enumeration 
districts by street and road to facilitate checking the 
cards to the listing books. The cards were individually 
checked to the listing books and a record made of whether 
or not the firm was listed. A check was tnen made to 
determine whether firms not listed were still at the loca- 
tion indicated. If found to be at such location, they 
were added to the listing. Further, if more than a fixed 
percentage of listings so added were of readily recogniz- 
able places of business, the entu-e district was recan- 
vassed. This latter provision was necessary because the 
file included only establishments having one or more paid 
employees while the census included establishments hav- 
ing no emloyees. By recanvassing completely those 
districts having a significant number of establishments 
included in the Bureau of Old Age and Survivors 
Insurance files missed by the enumerator, it was possible 
to minimize misses among establishments with no em- 
ployees. 

Third, when the field operations were substantially 
complete, but prior to closing the field offices, a careful 
check by counties was made to verify establishment 
totals which differed significantly from trends in neigh- 
boring counties or those with simUar economic character- 
istics. This check did not disclose any systematic faults 
in the canvass. 

One other step taken to insure completeness of cover- 
age is worthy of mention. As indicated above, the 
census listing operation began in late ,May 1949, by 
which time a number of businesses active at the end of 
1948 had discontinued operations. Because it was not 
always feasible to locate the 1948 owners of such busi- 
nesses or to get a report of their 1948 activities, it was 
sometimes necessary to estimate their sales volume based 
on information supplied by the 1949 occupants or other 
sources. This procedure was used only to account for 
businesses properly within the scope of the 1948 Census. 

The "Post Enumeration Survey" (PES), which was 
made after the completion of the enumeration, is dis- 
cussed below. It provides measures of the undercover- 
age of business in the census which occurred despite the 
procedures noted above. 

Definition of Retail Trade. — Retail Trade, as defined 
in the 1948 Census of Business, includes establishments 
primarily engaged in selling merchandise for personal, 
household, or farm consumption. Other important char- 
acteristics of a Retail Trade establishment are: It is a 
recognizable place of business and is engaged in activities 
to attract the general public to buy; it buys or receives 
merchandise as well as sells; it renders services or proc- 
esses only incidental to selling; it is considered retail by 
the trade. Not all characteristics need be present and 
some are modified by trade practice. Excluded from Re- 



tail Trade are peddlers and itinerant vendors without 
an established place of business. Also excluded are 
places of business operated by institutions and open only 
to their own members or personnel, such as restaurants 
and bars operated by country clubs, school cafeterias, 
cafeterias opei-ated by industrial plants for their em- 
ployees and establishments operated by agencies of the 
Federal Government on military posts, at hospitals, etc. 
State and municipally operated liquor stores are included 
in the scope of Retail Trade. 

Establishment basis of the census. — Census of Busi- 
ness figures represent a summaiy of reports for individual 
"establishments" rather than for the combined activities 
of "companies." A separate report was obtained for each 
location at which business was conducted, including each 
location of multiunit organizations. For such organiza- 
tions a separate report also was obtained for each central 
warehouse, administrative and district office, and each 
other location (other than a manufacturing plant) which 
serviced, or was auxiliary to, establishments of the organ- 
ization reported to the Business Census. Each report 
was tabulated in accordance with the physical location 
of the establishment. 

Kind-of-business classification. — In addition to being 
classified on the basis of location, the report for each 
retail store was assigned a kind-of-business classification 
on the basis of the primary activity of the store during 
the census year. The kind-of-business classification of 
each warehouse, administrative office, and auxiliary unit 
is based on the classification of the stores in the parent 
organization which it services or to which it is an aux- 
iliary. A limited number of changes in definitions for 
individual kinds of business have been made between 
1939 and 1948. These changes are described in the sec- 
tion on kind-of-business classifications shown in appen- 
dix B. Appendix C summarizes the comparisons betM-ecn 
the 1948 classifications and the corresponding 1939 and 
1929 classifications. 

Comparison of Census and Standard Industrial Clas- 
sification (SIC) kind-of-business classification. — The 
scope of Retail Trade as defined in the Standard Indus- 
trial Classification, agrees, in general, with the scope of 
Retail Trade in the 1948 Census of Business. The three 
exceptions are in the handling of mail-order houses, 
bakeries, and antique stores. These cases arc as follows: 

Although the scope of SIC group 53, "General Mer- 
chandise," is identical with the scope of the Census 
groups, "General Merchandise Group" and "General 
Stores," the SIC provides for a separate kind-of-business 
classification "Mail-order houses, general merchandise." 
In the census these establishments were included in 
"Department stores" or "Dry goods, general merchan- 
dise stores," depending upon the lines of merchandise 
sold and the size of the establishment. 

The Census classification "Bakeries, with baking on 
the premises," differs from the SIC classification "Re- 
tail bakeries-manufacturing" in that the Business Cen- 
sus do('s not include units of multiunit bakerii« which 



INTRODUCTION 



bake on the promises. Such units were inehided in the 
1947 Census of Manufactures. 

In SIC, the classification "Antique stores" is inehided 
as one of the kinds of business in Major Group 59, 
"Miscellaneous Retail Stores." For census purposes, 
this kind of business is included in Major Group 57, 
"Furniture, Home Furnishinsfs, and Equipment." 

Report forms. — Two report forms were used for 
enumerating retail stores. These were Fomis BC-21 
(the long fomi) and BC-20 (tlie short fomi). All retail 
stores were enumerated without regard to kind-of-busi- 
ness classification as members of one of two groups. In 
general, the first group consisted of those stores which 
liad $100,000 or more as their total sales and receipts in 
1948, or were members of a multiunit organization, or 
contained a leased department. Members of this group 
were requested to report on Form BC-21 which included 
inquiries on merchandise inventories, credit, merchan- 
dise line sales, trucks, weekly employment and pay roll, 
and sales for resale, in addition to the basic data reported 
by all stores such as total sales, annual pay roll, and 
nimiber of employees. 

The second group consisted of all other retail stores, 
namely, small single-imit stores. A random sample of 
this group was selected systematically by each field 
enumerator for the purpose of including 1 in 10 of this 
group. Those in the sample were required to report on 
Form BC-21, while the remainder of the group reported 
basic data only on Form BC-20. 

A third form, BC-10, was required for each adminis- 
trative office, warehouse, and other auxiliary unit of 
organizations primarily performing functions for the 
retail stores, within their own organization. Appendix 
E contains reproductions of the Retail report forms. 

Statistics for Retail Trade. — The statistics in the 1948 
Census of Business volumes relating to Retail Trade, 
for the most part, were published separately in a series 
of Retail Trade Subject Bulletins and Area Bulletins. 
Exceptions are chapter 8 of volume I and chapter 15 of 
volume II. 

Volume I consists of data compiled from those inquiries 
which are common to Forms BC-20 and BC-2 1 , and also 
from Form BC-10. Each of chapters 2 through 7 pre- 
sents information on a different subject such as sales 
size, single and multiunits, etc. Chapter 9 presents 
pertinent subject data for the Territories of Alaska and 
Hawaii. 

In general, each of the chapters in volume II present 
data compiled from inquiries on Form BC-21 only, such 
as merchandise inventories, credit, merchandise line sales, 
etc. Each chapter includes tables for the United States 
and geographic divisions presenting information, on 
the particular subject covered by the chapter, as reported 
by large stores and multiunits, plus similar information 
for the small stores estimated on the basis of the figures 
submitted by the sample of one in ten of these stores. 
In addition, most chapters contain tables for geographic 



divisions. States, and standard metropolitan areas, in 
which the figures presented consist of reported data only. 

Figures in the United States and geogi-aphic division 
tables which are obtained by adding the large store and 
multiunit data to the small store estimates generally are 
not in exact agreement with data based on a complete 
enumeration. Thus, total sales for a kind of business, 
as shown in a chapter of volume II, may differ from that 
shown for the same kind of business in volume I, where 
this figure is the total reported by each establishment 
whether or not in the sample. A more complete descrip- 
tion of the sample and the methods used for estimating, 
together with approxunate measures of the differences 
which arise from sampling in the estimates of the various 
subject data, are presented below in the section "The 
Use of Sampling in the Enumeration of Retail Stores." 

The statistics contained in volume III were pub- 
lished in a series of Retail Trade Area Bulletins consist- 
ing of a separate Bulletin for each State and the District 
of Columbia, combined Retail-Wholesale-Service Bulle- 
tins for the Territories of Alaska and Hawaii, and a 
United States Summary Bulletin. 

Standard metropolitan areas. — In addition to States, 
counties, and cities. Census of Business statistics arc 
presented for standard metropolitan areas. These are 
areas which have been defined and established coopera- 
tively by a number of interested Federal agencies under 
the direction of the Bureau of the Budget for purposes 
of compilation and presentation of a wide variety of 
statistical data on a unifoim area basis. 

The general concept adopted in defining a standard 
metropolitan area was one of an integrated economic 
unit with a large volume of daily travel and communica- 
tion between a central city and the outlying parts of the 
area. This resulted in an area considerably more re- 
stricted, especially for the larger cities, than the "mar- 
ket" or "tradmg" area. Each area (except in New 
England) consists of one or more entire counties. In 
New England, metropolitan areas have been defined on 
a town rather than on a county basis. A complete state- 
ment of the principles adopted as a guide in applying 
this general concept to the definition of individual areas 
will be found in a document issued by the Bureau of 
the Budget, Executive Office of the President, dated 
July 28, 1950, entitled "Standard Metropolitan Area 
Definitions." 

The 147 standard metropolitan areas for which 1948 
Census of Business data are included in the Area Statis- 
tics Volumes are those defined by the Bureau of the 
Budget as of June 5, 1950, on the basis of 1950 popula- 
tion statistics available at that time. Subsequent to 
the preparation of Census of Business tabulations, the 
list of metropolitan areas was increased to 168 in con- 
tinental United States. The list of 147 standard metro- 
politan areas included in the Census of Business and the 
description of the territory which they cover will be 
found on page 37. These areas are also shown on the 
map on page 38. 



THE POST ENUMERATION SURVEY 



»To permit an appraisal of the accuracy of its pub- 
lished statistics, the Bureau of the Census conducted an 
intensive mvestigation, on a sample basis, of the 1948 
Census of Business enumeration. This investigation, 
known as the Post Enumeration Siu'vcy (PES), was 
m designed primarily to measure the completeness of 
■ coverage of wholesale, retail, and service establishments 
in the 1948 Census. 

Strict precautions were taken to make the PES an 
independent and objective check of the census enumera- 
tion. The location of the sample areas, which the PES 
was to cover, was not revealed to the Bureau's field or- 
ganization until after the census enumeration had been 
certified as completed and records concerning the 
enumeration returned to Washington. 

Census concepts and procedures. — The 1948 Census 
of Business was defined as a census of "recognizable" 
establislunents which would provide a measure of the 
volume of sales of such establishments in 1948 and of 
the number of their employees. "Recognizable" estab- 
lislmients, for census purposes, were defined as all estab- 
lishments with one or more employees, whether or not 
"recognizable" as business places, as well as no-employee 
establishments which, because of appearance, sign or 
marking, were recognizable to enumerators as business 
places. 

The 1948 Census, by definition, excluded from the 
count of establishments those which were in business 
during 1948 but which went out of business before 
December 31, 1948. The 1948 sales of such establish- 
ments, referred to subsequently as "part-year" estab- 
lishments, also were omitted from the census except in 
a relatively few cases where a successor establishment 
included in its Census report its own 1948 sales volume 
and that of its predecessor, i. e., the "part-year" estab- 
lishment, and also in those cases where multiunit organ- 
izations supplied data on business units which had been 
discontinued during 1948. 

The census enumeration was initiated by a listing oper- 
ation in which Census enimierators in each of their 
enumeration districts were required to enter in a Listing 
Book the name, owner, address, major category of busi- 
ness, etc., for each recognizable place of business. Be- 
cause of a delay in the appropriation for the census, the 
full-scale listing operation did not begin until almost 
June 1949 and was not substantially completed until 
late September 1949. As will be indicated later, a por- 
tion of the census "under coverage" is attributable to the 
unavoidable delay in the start of the listing operation. 



Analysis of PES data for coverage. The program of 
analysis of PES data with respect to coverage has been 
designed to answer the following questions: 

1. Whatr is the extent of census "undercovorage" resulting from 
tlic failure of Census enumerators to list business establislunents? 

2. What is the extent of net census "uniiorcoverage" resulting 
from the omission of establishments which were in business as of 
the enri nf 1948 but went out of business before the enumer.ator- 
listing oijcration was conducted and from the erroneous inclusion 
in the census of establishments which entered into business in 
1949? 

A separate PES report, plaimed for later issuance, will 
provide additional measures including (1) a measure of 
the 1948 sales volume not in the census because of the 
definition excluding "part-year" businesses, (2) a meas- 
ure of differences in the 1948 sales and employment 
reported in the census and, subsequently, in the PES, 
and (3) a measure of differences between the census and 
PES in establishment classification (that is, whether an 
establishment was classified as "retail" or as "other 
than retail"). 

Design and procedures of the PES. — The PES had the 
following features which were introduced with the aim of 
assuring accurate measurement of coverage error: 

1. The area sample for the PES consisted of about 2,500 small 
areas (segments) ranging in size from part of a building and part 
of a city block to an entire town or village. These segments were 
located in about 530 counties throughout the United States. 
This sample, drawn on a probability basis, was designed to include 
about 1 in 200 of the retail establishments in the United States. 
Within the sample segments, enumerators were instructed to make 
a thorough field search for establishments missed in the census. 
.'^s an aid to this search, special mapping materials, including San- 
born maps which show and describe individual structures, were 
provided. 

2. The reenumeration procedure was entrusted to a relatively 
small group of highly selected and specially trained interviewers. 
Prior to the canvass of each segment, the interviewer was provided 
with the general Census listings for the enumeration district in 
which the segment was located. He was also provided with Social 
Security .Administration (BO.ASI) establishment cards for the dis- 
trict. In canvassing the segment the interviewer had to account 
for all in-segment ad Iresses whether or not thej' were included on 
the Census listings or in the BOASI cards. Also, the interviewer 
had to write, in effect, a business history of the segment for the 
period .January 1, 1948, to the date of his recanvass. He was 
required to obtain a listing of all the occupants of each business 
address in the segment for that period. The interviewer was 
instructed to obtain for each occupant sufficient information on 
the nature of the business activity to permit a classification into 
four major types: (i) wholesale, (ii) retail, (iii) service, (iv) other, 
i. e., not in the scope of the Census of Business. Finally, for each 
occupant in the first three classes, the interviewer was required 
to obtain from the best possible respondent information on 1948 
sales and employment. 

5 



RETAIL TRADE 



3. The materials obtained during the PES field work were thor- 
oughly reviewed and a careful reexamination made of the Census 
listings to make sure that every establishment treated as missed in 
the census or erroneously included properly belonged in these 
categories. 

PES findings on coverage of retail establishments. — 

The estimated undercoverage in the census enumeration 
of retail estabhshments, because of (1) the failure of 
enumerators to list retail estabhshments — "enumerator 
misses" and (2) omission of establishments in business 
on December 31, 1948, which went out of business in 
1949 before the Census listing was begun — "late start 
of listing," was determined through the PES analysis to 
be 1.3 percent of the 1948 sales volume and 0.9 percent 
of the November 15, 1948, employment. 

The PES data further indicate that this imdercoverage 
was produced primarily by the failure to canvass or list 
small establishments. The omitted retail establish- 
ments had, on the average, 1.0 paid employees on 
November 15, 1948, as against 3.9 paid employees for 
the enumerated retail establishments. Saleswise, the 
situation is similar. The omitted retail establishments 
had, on the average, sales of $26,000 in 1948 as against 
$74,000 for the enumerated retail establishments. In 
terms of number of retail establishments they repre- 
sented 3.6 percent of the 1948 Census total. 

The following table indicates the undercoverage 
caused by "enumerator misses" and by "late start of 
listing," respectively: 





Undercoverage of retail estahlisli- 
ments (as percent of census total) 


Component, of undercoverage 


Sales 


Employ- 
ment 


Number of 
establish- 
ments 


Total 


1.3 


0.9 


3.6 








0.5 
0.8 


0.2 
0.7 


1.8 


Late start of listing . .. . 


1.8 







Interpretation and limitations of PES undercoverage 
findings. — The PES findings are subject to the following 

limitations : 

1. The estimates of undercoverage of the total number of 
establishments is subject to a sampling error of approximately 
0.3 percent; that is, the chances are two out of three that the 
"percent of Census total" estimate will not differ by more than 
0.3 percent, absolutely, from the true value. The sampling errors 
of the estimates of undercoverage of sales and employment are 
approximately 0.3 and 0.2 percent, respectively 

2. The "undercoverage" measures above refer onlj' to losses 
occasioned by "enumerator misses" and the "late start of listing." 
These measures do not account for any differences which a change 
of census definition might cause (e. g., a change which would 
Include establishments which went out of business in 1918); or 
for any differences resulting from differences in census and PES 
scope and kind-of -business classifications; or from differences in 
the reporting to the census and PES of 1948 sales volume or 
employment. 

Measures of undercoverage of wholesale and service 
establishments will be found in the PES discussion in 
volumes IV and VI, respectively, of the 1948 Census. 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 

CONTENTS 
Text 

Page 

Summary Statistics 9 

Analysis by Sales Size 14 

Single Units and Miiltiunits and Types of Operation 17 

Legal Form of Oiganizat ion 21 

Personnel and Pay Roll in Retail Trade 22 

Merchandise Inventories 26 

Credit Sales and Balances Due 28 

Merchandise Line Sales 32 

Text Tables 

Table 

A— Retail Trade: 1929, 1939, and 1948 9 

B— Stores, Sales, and Population— United States: 1929, 1939, and 1948 9 

C— Grocery Stores— United States: 1948, 1939, and 1929 9 

D— Counties by Number of Retail Stores: 1948 13 

E — Percentage of Stores, Sales, and Population in Central Cities, by Metropolitan Area Size Groups 14 

F— Retail Trade, 1948 and 1939, by City Size 14 

G — Department Store Sales, by Sales-Size Class: 1948 16 

H — Selected Types of Operation — United States, by Single Units and Multiunits: 1948 18 

I — -Proportions of Sales Through Stores of 4 or More Store Multiunit Organizations — United States, by Selected Kinds of Busi- 
ness: 1948, 1939, and 1929 18 

J — Firms With 4 or More Retail Stores Compared With 4 or More Store Multiunits — United States: 1948 18 

K — Stores and Sales of Identical Grocery Firms — United States: 1948 and 1939 19 

L — Legal Form of Organization — United States: 1948 21 

M— Legal Form of Organization— United States: 1948 and 1939 22 

N— Retail Trade Personnel: 1948, 1939, and 1929 22 

O— Percent of Total Paid Employees in Retail Trade, by Kind-of-Business Group: 1948, 1939, and 1929 22 

P — Stores, Sales, and Paid Employees, by Employee Size: 1948 and 1939 25 

Q — Seasonal Employment in Retail Trade, by Kind-of-Business Group: 1948 25 

R — Merchandise Inventories in Retail Stores and in Warehouses of Retail Multiunit Organizations — United States: 1948 26 

S — -Motor Vehicle (New and Used) Dealers — Proportion of Sales and Merchandise Inventories, by Sales Size: 1948 26 

T — Department Stores — Ratio of Sales to Inventory, by Sales Size : 1 948 26 

LI — Merchandise Inventories at Cost, End of Year in Single and Multiunit Stores in the Apparel Group: 1948 27 

V— Sales-Inventory Ratios: 1948, 1939, and 1929 i 27 

W— Analysis of Cash and Credit Sales— United States: 1948 . 28 

X— Cash and Credit Sales: 1948, 1939, and 1929 28 

Y — Cash and Credit in Grocery Stores, With Fresh Meat: 1948 31 

Z— Credit in Furniture Stores— United States: 1948 31 

AA— Furniture Stores, With Credit Sales: 1948 31 

BB — Percentage of Stores and Sales in the Merchandise Line Sales Tabulations — United States: 1948 33 

CC — Percentage of Sales of Department Stores Accounted for by Major Departments: 1948 34 

DD — Cars and Trucks Sold by Motor Vehicle Dealers and Farm Equipment Dealers — United States: 1948 35 

7 



RETAIL TRADE 



O 

> 

Q 

O 

Q- 
< 

O 
O 
UJ 

>- 
CD 

to 

CO 




SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



Summary Statistics 

The volume of trade in retail stores, which totaled 
$48,329,652,000 in 1929, declined nearly 50 percent to 
about $25 billion in 1933, increased to $32,791,212,000 
by 1935, and reached $42,041,790,000 in 1939. By 1948 
the volume of trade in retail stores reached $130,520,- 
548,000, more than tlu-ee times the 1939 volume. 

There was a progressive increase in the number of 
stores during the earlier decade, from 1,476,365 in 1929, 
to 1,587,718 in 1935 and 1,770,355 in 1939. However, 
in 1948 the number of stores (1,769,540) was about the 
same as in 1939. 

Malciug adjustment for the difference in retail prices 
between 1929 and 1948, the physical volume of goods 
sold through retail stores in 1939 is found to be only 
slightly higher than in 1929. However, the physical 
volume had increased more than 50 percent in 1948 
over the 1939 figures. This is illustrated in table A, 
below. 

Table .\.— Ret.iil Trade: 1929, 1939, and 19t8 



Census year 



1929 
1939 
191S 



Stores 
(number) 



1, 476. 365 
1, 770, 355 
1, 769, 540 



Sales 

entire year 

(thousand 

dollars) 



U. S. De- 
partment 
of Com- 
merce 
Index 
(1935- 
1939=100) 



48, 329, 652 
42, 041, 790 
130, 520, 548 



120.9 
99.0 
192.7 



Equivalent 
sales in 
terms of 
1935-39 
prices 
(hillion 
dollars) 



40 
42 
68 



The small increase in the physical volmne of retail 
sales between 1929 and 1939 was less than the growth of 
the population. (See table B, below.) 

Table B. — Stokes, Sales, and Population — United States: 
1929, 1939, AND 1948 



Census year 


Stores 
(number) 


Sales, 

entire year 

(thousand 

dollars) 


Population ' 


1929. 


1, 476, 365 
1, 770, 355 
1, 769, 540 


48, 329, 652 
42, 041, 790 
130, 520, 548 


122, 775, 046 
131, 669 275 


1939 . . ■ 


1948 


150, 697, 361 







' Based on nearest Decennial Censuses of Population, 1930, 1940, and 1950, respec- 
tively. 

During 1948, about $866 was spent in retail stores 
for each man, woman, and child in the continental 
United States. This figure is based on the 1948 total 
retail sales and the 1950 population count. The com- 
parative sums for 1939 and 1929, using the 1940 and 
1930 population figures, were $319 and $394, respectively. 
Because there has been a steady growth in the popula- 

981778 — 52 2 



tion from year to year, the actual per capita sales in 
each of the census years is slightly higher than the 
figures presented above. 

For each dollar spent in retail stores in 1948, approxi- 
mately 40 cents was spent in the convenience goods 
stores primarily selling food for off- or on-premise con- 
sumption, gasoline, drugs and drug sundries, tobacco 
products, and newspapers and magazines. This com- 
pared with 44 cents spent in such stores in 1939 and only 
35 cents in 1929. 

Changes in Speoific Kinds of Business 

The changes in the level of Retail Trade over the last 
two decades does not reflect the changes which took 
place in the individual kinds of business over the same 
period. Some observations on the changing pattern of 
retail distribution follow. 

Grocery stores. — Grocery stores in 1948 accounted for 
one-fifth of all retail stores and sales, a proportion not 
significantly different from 1939 and 1929. However, 
the proportion of grocery stores which sell fresh meat as 
distinguished from those which do not, has changed 
considerably since 1929. (See table C, below.) 

Table C. — Grocert Stores — United States: 1948, 1939, 
AND 1929 



Kind of business 


Stores (number) 


Salcs.entire year (thousand dollars 


1948 


1939 


1929 


1948 


1939 


1929 


Grocery stores, total 

Without fresh meat... 

Percent of total 

With fresh meat 

Percent of total 


377, 939 
154, 277 

41 
223, 662 

59 


3S7,.337 
200, 303 

62 
187, 034 

48 


307, 425 
191, 876 

62 
115, 549 

38 


24, 770, 123 

4,026,835 

16 

20, 743, 288 

84 


7, 721, 753 
2, 225, 435 

29 
5, 496, 318 

71 


7, 352, 791 
3, 449, 129 

47 
3, 903, 662 

53 



Over the last 20 years the number of grocery stores 
selling fresh meat has nearly doubled, and in 1948 sales 
through combination stores accounted for 84 percent of 
all sales through grocery stores. Even though the total 
number of grocery stores declined from 1939 to 1948, the 
number of grocery stores selling fresh meat showed a 
substantial increase. 

The increase in combination grocery stores since 1929 
is related to the decline in the number of meat markets or 
"butcher shops" during the same period. In 1929, meat 
markets numbered 43,788; by 1939 the number had 
dropped to 35,630, and in 1948 there were only 24,242 
such stores. 

Eating and drinking places. — In 1948, nearly $11 bil- 
lion was spent in eating and drinking places. About one- 

9 



10 



RETAIL TRADE 



HOW THE RETAIL DOLLAR WAS SPENT IN 1948 



ONE DOLUR 



FOOD GROUP 2«< 



AUTOMOTIVE GROUP 15* 



GENERAL MERCHANDISE 

GRP, GENERAL STORES-. 134 



LUMBER, BUILDING. 

HARDWARE GROUP 9< 

EATING AND DRINKING 

PLACES et 

APPAREL GROUP 8* 

GASOLINE SERVICE 

STATIONS 5< 

FURNITURE. FURNISHINGS. 

APPLIANCE GROUP 5< 

DRUG, PROPRIETARY STORES. 3* 
OTHER RETAIL STORES 10< 



KINO OF BUSINESS 
GROUPS 



SELECTED KINDS OF 
BUSINESS 



czz 



-► c^ 



19< - GROCERY STORES 



1U< - MOTOR VEHICLE DEALERS 



e< - DEPARTMENT STORES 



J »l( 



LUMBER. BUILDING MATERIALS DEALERS 



"I 5< - EATING PLACES 
— 1 3< - DRINKING PLACES 



3 3« 



WOMEN'S READY TO WEAR STORES 



5< - GASOLINE SERVICE STATIONS 
3 3< - FURNITURE, FURNISHINGS STORES 
3 3< - DRUG AND PROPRIETARY STORES 



3 2< - LIOUOR STORES 

3 2( - FEED, FARM. GARDEN SUPPLY STORES 



half of this sum was spent in restaurants and cafeterias 
which provided full table service, while just over $1 
billion was spent at lunch counters and refreshment 
stands. The remaining $4 billion was spent in drinking 
places whose primary soiu-ce of receipts was from the sale 
of alcoholic beverages, but which nevertheless sold 
considerable amounts of food for on-premise consumption. 

The number of restaurants and cafeterias in 1948 was 
131,190, one-third more than the number of such places 
in 1939 and 1929. The 1948 figm-e included 998 caterers. 
These establishments were not identified separately in 
1939 or 1929, but were included in "bakery product 
stores." Drinking places in 1948 numbered 152,433, a 
sizable increase over the number of such places in 1939. 
There were no drinking places counted in the 1929 
census, since the prohibition amendment was still in 
effect. 

General stores.- — The classification "general stores" 
is rapidly declining in importance as a separate kind of 
business. In 1948 there were only 21,557 stores classi- 
fied as "general stores" compared to 39,688 in 1939, and 
104,089 in 1929. The 1948 sales volume of $1,159,361,- 
000 was an increase over the $810,342,200 in 1939, but, in 
terms of physical volume of merchandise sold, was 
actually a decrease. The 1929 volume was $2.5 billion, 
more than twice the 1948 figure. 

It is probable that some part of this decrease in the 
classification "general stores" was due to a tendency on 



the part of these stores to sell larger proportions of 
groceries, and thus be classified as "grocery stores" 
rather than "general stores." 

Department stores. — Sales of department stores in 
1948 totaled $10,644,747,000, an average of more than 
$4,000,000 for each of the 2,580 stores. These sales were 
approximately three times greater than the department 
stores sales in 1939 and more than twice as great as the 
1929 total. 

The count of department stores in 1948 was consider- 
ably less than the count in 1939 and 1929. Some of the 
changes were due to a change in the definition of what 
constitutes a department store as described in Appendix 
B, Kind-of-Business Classifications. However, a con- 
siderable portion of the difi"erence was brought about as a 
result of better reporting for individual stores. In 1939 
a few large companies operating a number of stores in 
this field were unable to report merchandise line sales on 
an individual store basis, so that all stores of these 
companies were classified as department stores since that 
was the i)attern for the company as a whole. In 1948, 
the companies were able to ])r()vidc merchandise line 
sales on an individual store basis, so that each store 
could be classified independently. This resulted in 
many of these stores being classified in 1948 as other than 
department stores. 

Gasoline service stations. — Retail establishments clas- 
sified as "gasoline service stations" in 1948 numbered 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



11 



RETAIL SALES BY KIND OF BUSINESS GROUP: 
1948, 1939, AND 1929 



OILLlOhS OF DCLLARS 



81LLWSS OF DOLLARS 




P 



30 



EATING ANO ORINKIKG 
PLACES 



GENERAL hERCHAKDISE 
GROUP, GENERAL STORES 



APPAREL GROUP 



FURNITURE, FURNISHINGS, 
APPLIANCE GROUP 




^M 



AUTOKOTIVE GROUP 



GASOLINE SERVICE 
STATIONS 



LUMBER, BUILDING, 
HARDWARE GROUP 



DRUG AND PROPRIETARY 
STORES 



OTHER RETAIL STORES 



12 



RETAIL TRADE 



188,253, a decrease of 22 percent from the 241,858 such 
places in 1939, but still considerably higher than the 
1929 figure. At the same time the sales volume of 
gasoline service stations totaled • $6,483,301,000, an 
increase of 130 percent over the 1939 figure. 

In 1939 the average size of gasoline service stations, 
based on the volume of sales, was $11,600. By 1948 the 
average size had increased to $34,400, indicating that 
even allowing for price increases over the decade, gasoline 
service stations in 1948 were considerably larger than 
in 1939. 

Drug and proprietary stores. — For the first time in 
the Census of Business, separate information was 
obtained on the activities of proprietary stores (defined as 
drug stores without prescription departments). In all 
previous censuses, proprietary stores were not separately 
identified, but were included in the category "drug 
stores." 

In 1948, out of the 55,796 drug and proprietary stores, 
8,841 were classified as proprietary stores. These had 
sales of $334,768,000, compared to the total sales of 
$3,678,463,000 for the 46,955 drug stores. This would 
indicate that in terms of dollar sales, drug stores, on the 
average, were twice as large as proprietary stores. 

All the decrease in the number of drug and proprietary 
stores from 1939 to 1948 was in stores not operating a 
fountain. There were 16,072 of these in 1948 compared 
to the 18,451 in 1939, which itself was a sharp decrease 
from 23,414 such stores in 1929. Drug and proprietary 
stores with fountain, on the other hand, increased from 
34,844 in 1929 to 39,452 in 1939. In 1948 they increased 
slightly to 39,724. 

Other Changes in the Distribution Pattern 

Perhaps the most significant change in the distribution 
pattern was the great increase in the number of stores 
selling such specialty goods as furniture, appliances, and 
automobiles. Between 1929 and 1939 there was a 
general decline in the number of stores specializing in 
these lines. During the war and for a period following it, 
production of many of these lines had been curtailed, or 
discontinued. When production was again started, many 
; new specialty stores were opened. In 1948 the number 
of stores primarily selling these lines was greater than 
(he number of similar stores in 1929. 

There was a corresponding increase in the volume of 

sales through these stores. In the "furniture, furnish- 

; ings, appliance group," sales, since 1939, advanced from 

$1,733,257,000 to $6,914,179,000, an increase of nearly 

; 300 percent. This was much greater than the increase for 

; total Retail Trade. Similarly, sales of dealers in the 

■ automotive group advanced from $5,548,687,000 to 

$20,104,054,000, an increase of 262 percent. 

The number of stores specializing in apparel increased 
from 106,959 to 115,246 since 1939, and their sales 
increased from $3,258,772 to $9,803,218. This increase in 



sales was just a little less than the average increase for 
all retail stores. 

The results of the 1948 census indicate that the total 
number of retail stores was about the same as in 1939 
and in some kinds of business decreased, but that the 
average size of stores has increased. This was particu- 
larly true for stores in the "food group," for "department 
stores," and for "gasoline service stations." 

The Geographic Distribution of Retail Trade 

Stores in the East North Central Division accounted 
for 22 percent of the total volume of Retail Trade in the 
United States, more than any other geographic division. 
However, a little less than 20 percent of all retail stores 
were located in this division. The Middle Atlantic 
Division accounted for more stores than any other 
division, 22.3 percent, but they only accounted for 
21.6 percent of all sales. 

As in the period between 1929 and 1939, retail trade in 
the southern and western divisions increased more rapidly 
than trade in the remainder of the country. While for the 
country as a whole, there was a slight decrease in stores, 
the South Atlantic, East South Central, West South 
Central, Mountain, and Pacific Divisions all showed an 
increased number of stores; while the New England, 
Middle Atlantic, East North Central, and West North 
Central Divisions all showed decreases. 

For all divisions, there were substantial increases in 
sales from 1939 to 1948. However, the increases in the 
southern and western divisions were considerably higher 
than the national average of 210 percent, ranging from 
227 percent for the Mountain Division to 252 percent 
for the West vSouth Central Division. On the other hand, 
the increases in the New England and Middle Atlantic 
Divisions fell far short of the increase for the country as a 
whole; that for the East North Central Division was 
approximately the same as for the United States; while 
the increase for the West North Central Division was a 
little higher. 

The increase in sales of retail stores in the western 
region is associated with the rise in population in this 
section of the country. However, in the southern divi- 
sions, wliere the pojjulation increase was a little less 
than the national average, other factors were effective. 

Eight States accounted for more than 50 percent of the 
total sales in retail stores during 1948. These States 
were, in order of volume of sales. New York, California, 
Pennsylvania, Illinois, Ohio, Texas, Michigan, and New 
Jersey. However, as pointed out above, although all 
States showed a considerable increase in sales over 1939 
the increases in the industi'ialized northeastern States 
were well below the national average. The lowest per- 
centage increase, 148, was in Massachusetts; while 
New York State showed an increase of only 102 percent. 

The North Central States, all showed larger percent- 
age increases, with the largest increases being in those 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



13 



States which are predominantly agricultural, such as 
North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Kansas. 

With the exception of Maryland and the District of 
Columbia, all States in the southern divisions showed 
larger than average increases. The increase in the Dis- 
trict of Columbia was only 176 percent, well below the 
210 percent for the country as a whole, while for Mary- 
land it was 209 percent, just about average. Southern 
States with the largest percentage increases were Florida, 
281 percent; Alabama, 276 percent; and Ai-kansas, 263 
percent. 

Percentage increases in the Mountain States varied 
from the low of 171 in Montana to the highest percent- 
age increase of all States, 306 in Arizona; while the in- 
creases in the Pacific States were all well above the 
average for the Nation. 

County Distkibution 

Of the 3,101 counties and independent cities in the 
United States, only 47 had 5,000 or more retail stores in 
194S. On the other hand, 1,379 counties had fewer than 
200 stores and 155 had fewer than 50. In terms of dollar 
sales, 38 percent of all retail trade was concentrated in 
the 47 top counties, and another 29 percent was accounted 
for by the ne.xt 239 counties, which had 1,000 to 4,999 
stores in 1948. The 1,379 counties with fewer than 200 
stores accounted for less than 6 percent of the Retail 
Trade dollar. 



Table D. — Counties by Number of Retail Stores: 1948 





Counties 


Stores 


Sales, entire year 


Sizo clas.s 
(number of stores) 


Num- 
ber 


Per- 
cent of 
total 


Number 


Per- 
cent of 
total 


Amount 

(thousand 

dollars) 


Per- 
cent of 
total 


Total, all counties 


3,101 


100 


1, 769, 640 


100 


130, 620, 648 


100 




155 
368 
856 
1,088 
348 
151 
88 
47 


5 

12 

28 

34 

11 

5 

3 

2 


4,692 
28, 077 
125, 384 
.341,941 
2't6, 189 
205, 067 
264, 161 
564, 029 


(0 
2 
7 
19 
13 
12 
16 
32 


196. 068 
1.249.227 
6, 862, 876 
19, 298, 261 
15, 828, 003 
15,951,218 
22, 265, 962 
49, 879, 933 


(') 

1 


50-99 stores .... 


100-199 stores... 


4 


200-499 stores. 




500-999 stores 


12 


1,000-1,999 stores 




2.000-4,999 stores 


17 


5,000 or more stores 


38 







' Less than j.2 of 1 percent. 

Metropolitan Area Concentration 

In order to provide another tool for the measurement 
of trade concentration, considerable attention has been 
given to standard metropolitan areas in the Census 
of Business tables. 

Data for 147 such areas are presented. These areas 
accounted for 54 percent of the total population of the 
United States, 53 percent of all retail stores, and 62 
percent of the total sales volume. The average per 
capita sales for all standard metropolitan areas combined 
was $987, as compared to the $866 for the United States 
as a whole. 

Approximately 58 percent of the inhabitants of the 
standard metropolitan areas lived in the central cities. 



METROPOLITAN AREAS AND THEIR CENTRAL CITIES— UNITED STATES: 1948 

PERCENTAGE OF SALES FOR SELECTED KINDS OF BUSINESS 



OEPARTMEKT STORES 



KOMEII'S READY-TO-WEAR STORES 



1 20 




PESCE/IT 

no 


60 


RO 




100 












^ 


m 


SULES 


IN CENTRAL C HIES 







VARIETY STORES 



MOTOR VEHICLE DEALERS 



GROCERY STORES 



GASOLINE SERVICE STATIONS 



FARM EQUIPMENT DEALERS 



FEED, FARM, GARDEN SUPPLY 
STORES 




14 



RETAIL TRADE 



However, more than 7 1 percent of the sales in the metro- 
poUtan areas were made by stores in the central cities. 
This gives some indication of the extent to which people 
living on the fringes of the standard metropolitan areas 
come to the cities to make their purchases. Further 
evidence of this is indicated by the higher per capita 
sales of $1,211 in the central cities compared to the per 



capita sales of $987 for the areas as a whole. 

Table E, below, groups the standard metropolitan 
areas according to the total population of the areas. 
There is a very close relationship between the population 
size and the total sales volume in the areas, with some 
slight tendency toward a greater concentration of sales 
in the larger metropolitan areas. 



Table E. — Percentage of Stores, Sales, and Population in Central Cities, by Metropolitan Area Size Groups 





The metropolitan area 


Central cities 


Percentage in central cities 


Metropolitan area size group 


Stores 


Sales 

(thousand 

dollars) 


Popula- 
tion,' 
1950 


Stores 


Sales 

(thousand 

dollars) 


Popula- 
tion,! 
1950 


Stores 


Sales 


Popula- 
tion,' 
19.50 




932, 124 


80,898,778 


81,929,969 


595, 942 


57. 747. 493 


47,709,008 


63.9 


71.4 


58.2 








Metropolitan areas with a population of— 


327, 776 
186,481 
125,205 
163,679 
128,983 


26, 708, 544 
17,722,028 
11,972,175 
13,768,343 
10, 727, 688 


26, 307, 350 
17,845,669 
11, 803, 783 
14,477,929 
11,495,238 


210, 439 
110,099 
84,644 
99,281 
90, 479 


17,677,322 
11,763,858 

9, 338, 777 
10,193,900 

8, 773, 036 


16,202,325 
9,344,7,50 
7, 254, 824 
7,810,911 
7, 096, 198 


64,2 
69.6 
67.6 
60.7 
70.1 


66.2 
66.4 
78.0 
74.0 
81.8 


61.6 


1,000 000-2,999,999 


52.4 


500,000-999,999 


61.5 


250,000-499,999 


54.0 




01.7 







' Based on advance 1950 population estimates. 



When the sales of the central cities for these same size 
groups are examined, it is seen that, whereas in the larg- 
est metropolitan areas the central cities, with 62 percent 
of the population, account for 66 percent of the sales, in 
the group of smallest metropolitan areas, the central 
cities account for 82 percent of the sales and have the 
same proportion of the population as the central cities 
in the largest metropolitan areas. Thus, consumers in 
the smaller metropolitan areas are more apt to do their 
buying in the central cities than are consumers in the 
larger metropolitan areas. 

This does not hold for all types of merchandise. For 
example, the distribution of sales in food stores and other 
convenience-goods stores has a close relationship to the 
population in the central cities and in the fringe areas 
for all metropolitan areas. It appears to be mainly the 
specialty goods stores that draw the consumers to the 
central cities to a much greater extent in the smaller 
areas than in the larger areas. 

City-Size Disteibution 

It is not possible to present any detailed kind-of- 
business tabulations for small localities. However, by 
combining the data for these small localities with the 
data for localities of similar size, analyses of the distri- 
bution pattern for such city -size groups can be made. 

Table F, below, compares retail sales volume for eight 
city-size groups for the two census years, 1948 and 1939. 
The proportion of Retail Trade accounted for by stores 
in the large cities (250,000 inhabitants or more) has 
dropped almost 3 percent during the last decade. The 
corresponding increase in retail sales is not concentrated 
in any one city-size group, the largest relative increases 
being in the 100,000-249,999 group and in the group "less 
than 2,,500." 



Table F.— Retail Trade, 1948 and 1939, by City Size 



City-size group (number of inhabitants) 



United States, total 

600.000 or more 

250,000-499.999 

100,000-249,999 

50,000-99,999 

10,000-49.999 

5,000-9.999 

2,500-4,999 

Less than 2,500 , 



Sales (thousand dollars) 



130. 520, 548 



30. 283, 938 
9, 882, 652 
12,475,2.39 
10,958,412 
26. 268, 933 
9. 662. 087 
7, 039, 161 
23, 950, 126 



42,041,790 



10. 229, 426 
3, 936, 086 
3. 748, 761 
.3, 471, 761 
S, 040, 422 
3.019,682 
2. 340, 6,58 
7, 255, 094 



Percentage dis- 
tribution 



100.0 



23.2 
7.6 
9.6 
8.4 

20.1 
7.4 
5.4 

18.3 



100.0 



24.3 
9.4 
8.9 
8.3 

19.1 
7.2 
5.6 

17.2 



Analysis by Sales Si2;e (Tables 2A to 2G) 

In all sales-size analyses of 1948 Census of Business 
data based on the complete enumeration of retail stores, 
stores which were not operated the entire year have been 
segregated and information on them shown separately. 
This differs from the practice in 1939 and previous cen- 
suses, where the "part-year" stores were not identified 
separately. The effect of this method of analysis in the 
earlier censuses was to exaggerate the smaller sales size 
classes, since most of the part-year stores fell into these 
smaller classes. 

The part-year stores in 1948 numbered 249,111, ap- 
proximately 14 percent of all retail stores, but they ac- 
counted for only 5 percent of the total sales. About 
one-half of these part-year stores had sales of less than 
$10,000. To have included them in the regular sales- 
size analyses would have resulted in a distortion of the 
sales-size classes below $10,000. 

To aid in the comparison of 1948 sales-size data with 
sales-size data for previous censuses, an analysis of the 
part-year stores by sales size and kind of business is 
presented for the United States. For all other areas the 
part-year stores are not analyzed by sales size. 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



15 



RETAIL SALES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS, BY CITY-SIZE GROUP: 1948 

(TOTAL SALES IN EACH CITT-SIZE 8R0UP = 100 PERCENT) 
FERCEKT 



20 



CITV-SIZE GROUP 
(nut^ber of 
inhabi tants ) 

100,000 OR MORE 
250,0C0-U99,999 
100,000-21(9,999 
25,000-99,999 
S, 000-211, 999 
LESS THAN 5,000 



500,000 OR MORE 

250,000-1)99,999 

100,000-21)9,999 

25,000-99,999 

5,000-211,999 

LESS THAN 5,000 

500,000 OR MORE 
250,000-1199,999 
I00,000-2U9,999 
25,000-99,999 
5,000-211 ,999 
LESS THAN 5,000 

500,000 OR MORE 
250,000-1199,999 
100,000-2119,999 
25,000-99,999 
5, 000- 2U, 999 
LESS THAN 5,000 

500,000 OR MORE 

250,000-1199,999 

100,000-2119,999 

25,000-99,999 

5,000-211,999 

LESS THAN 5,000 

500,000 OR MORE 
250,000-1199,999 
100,000-2119,999 
25,000-99,999 
5,000-21) .999 
LESS THAN 5,000 

500,000 T> MORE 
250,000-11 99, 99S 
I00,0C0-?U9,999 

25,000-99,999 

5,000-21) ,999 
LESS THAN 5,000 



^XXX><X>^6<V><VxVyNcVyV< XXXXX>C<^^ 



\V.\\V^A\\XX><XXX><1 



<V><y><V><VyVW<XKKXXXX>0<W><V><V^ 



FOOD GROUP 



Mlllllll l llll l l l llllll MI II 



rTTTTn 



r mm 



sa 



~^ 



EATING AND DRINKING PLACES 



GENERAL MERCHANDISE GROUP, GENERAL STORES 






APPAREL GROUP 



^^ 



lllllll 



.ww<x\xxxxxx^^<vyyvgQ 



1 



AUTOMOTIVE GROUP 



3 



V V V V'^'x.X^.^y 



■<.:^-.''^<^9^><K<'<>^>C>y ;<>6 ^^ 



LUMBEi?, BUILDING, HARDVMRc GROUP 



<vww<xxx^<>cyxv>^ 



OTHER RETAIL STORES 



a 



^^V.■.^^.^^^■.^■■■\-WxW^><VWWC<X>>;xyxWx^/^^^^^ 



16 



RETAIL TRADE 



Although the total sales volume in retail stores stood 
at a very high level in 1948, approximately 1,000,000 
stores, two-thirds of all the full-year stores had sales of 
less than $50,000 during the year. These "small" stores 
accounted for only 16.5 percent of the total sales volume 
of all full-year stores, and had average yearly sales of 
slightly less than $21,000. 

In contrast, there were only 10,432 retail stores oper- 
ated the entire year each of which had sales of $1,000,000 
or more during the year. In addition there were 236 
stores not operated the entire year whose sales in 1948 
were in excess of $1,000,000. Despite their small num- 
ber, less than one percent of all retail stores, these 
"million dollar" stores accounted for about one-fifth of 
all retail sales. 

Department Stores 

Nearly 40 percent of the total sales of stores in the 
sales-size class of $1,000,000 or more was accounted for 
by department stores. There were 1,548 department 
stores in this class, 1,534 of them operated during the 
entire year, and 14 during only a part of the year. 
Table G, below, presents department stores by sales- 
size classes of over $1,000,000. This table includes data 
for part-year stores, but they are not separately identified. 

Table G. — Department Store Sales, by Sales-Size Class: 

1948 



Sales-size 


Stores 
(number) 


Sales, entire 

year (thousand 

dollars) 


United States, total.. 


2,680 


10, 644, 747 






Stores with annual sales of— 


98 
129 
212 
463 
656 
1,032 
679 
259 

94 


4, 486, 394 


$10.000.0(10-$19,999,999 


1, 723, S97 


$5,000,00a-$9,999,999 


1, 493, 805 


$2,000,000-$4.999,999 


1, 384, 063 


$l,000,00O-$l,999.999 


926, 833 




630, 055 


$500,000-$999.999 


503, 897 


$300,000-$499,999 


103, 228 


Less than $.309,000 . 


22, 930 







There were 98 department stores with sales of $20,000,- 
000 or more in 1948, averaging about $45,000,000 for 
each store. Another 129 stores had individual sales 
between 10 and 20 million dollars, and 212 had sales 
between 5 and 10 million dollars. Sales in each of these 
439 stores were much higher than the average sales of 
$4,000,000 for all department stores. 

About 40 percent of all department stores had sales 
of less than $1,000,000 during 1948 and would be con- 
sidered small in this field. Nevertheless the average 
department store in this class had 1948 sales of more 
than $600,000, a very large store when compared to 
the average of about $81,000 for all retail stores operated 
the entire year. 

Grocery Stores 

The average grocery store without a fresh meat 
department had sales of close to $30,000 during 1948, 
whereas the grocery stores which sold fresh meat aver- 
aged almost $100,000 during the year. These figures 
are for stores which were operated the entire year. 



Groceries newly opened, or which changed ownership 
during 1948 and for which only part-year reports were 
available, numbered 51,738 and had average sales of 
about $13,000 for those without fresh meat, and $40,000 
for those with fresh meat. 

In the 1939 Census of Business a definite trend toward 
large "combination" stores (stores carrjang grocery 
and fresh meat lines) was observed. In that year there 
were 9,193 combination grocery stores with annual sales 
of $100,000 or more. Although no precise definition of 
what constituted a "supermarket" was recognized by 
the trade, combination grocery stores in the sales-size 
class of $100,000 or more were generally regarded as in 
the "supermarket" range. By 1948 there were 12,957 
combination grocery stores with sales of $300,000 or 
more, a sales volume level which would place them in 
the "supermarket" category. 

Motor Vehicles (New and Used) Dealers 

New car dealers in 1948 who were in business during 
the entire year had average sales of about $380,000 for 
the year. The supply of new passenger cars in 1948 
was short pf the demand and thus the sales volume of 
many dealers was limited by the number of cars they 
could obtain from their distributors. 

Nearly 3,000 new car dealers, considerably more 
enterprises than in any other kind of business, had sales 
of $1,000,000 or more during 1948. These dealers had 
total sales of $5.4 billion, or an average of about 
$1,860,000. There were another 5,067 dealers, with a 
total sales volimie of $3.5 billion, whose sales were 
between $500,000 and $999,999. Only one land of 
business, grocery stores with fresh meat, had more stores 
in this sales-size group. 

Eating and Drinking Places 

Eating and drinking places, primarily engaged in 
serving food and drinks for on-premiso consumption, 
had a greater proportion of establishments in the under 
$50,000 sales-size class than any other important kind- 
of-business group. More than 85 percent of all eating 
and drinking places had sales of less than $50,000 in 
1948. This group accounted for almost 50 percent of 
the total sales of such establishments. 

There was a greater proportion of small businesses 
among establishments primarily selling alcoholic bever- 
ages for on-premise consumption than among eating 
places, 88 percent compared to 83 percent respectively. 
Wliile sales of drinking places that wore under $50,000 
were two-thirds of the total for all drinking places, the 
sales of eating places in the same sales-size class repre- 
sented only 40 percent of the total. 

Area Distribution by Sales-Size 

In the Pacific States almost 50 percent of total Retail 
Trade was done through stores whose 1948 sales were 
$300,000 or more. The national average for trade 
through this category of retail stores was 43 percent. 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



17 



The District of Columbia was far in advance of all 
States in percentajje of sales through large stores, 
almost two-thirds of the District's sales being made in 
stores with annual sales of $300,000 or more. California 
was next with 50 percent, while the State with the lowest 
proportion of such sales was Mississippi with 28. 5 
percent. 

Single Units and Multiunits and Types of Operation 
(Tables 3A to 3D, 7A to 7D, and 12A to 12M) 

During 1948, multiunit organizations accounted for 
only 9 percent of all retail stores but had about 30 per- 
cent of the total retail sales volume. The average size 
of a multiunit store was about $238,000 compared to the 
average size of $74,000 for all retail stores. More than 
50 percent of the sales of multiunit retail stores was made 
through grocery stores and through stores in the general 
merchandise group. Variety stores had the greatest 
percentage of sales through multiunits, with 86 percent 
being accounted for; while department stores; dry goods, 
general merchandise stores; and grocery stores with 
fresh meat had 64 percent, 48 percent, and 45 percent, 
respectively. Other kinds of business which had large 
proportions of their sales through multiunit stores were 
family clothing stores, shoe stores, and women's ready- 
to-wear stores. 

Major kinds of business in which the contributions 
made by establishments of multiunit organizations were 
relatively unimportant were drinking places, eating 
places, new car dealers, and gasoline service stations. 
Only 3 percent of the sales of drinking places were made 
in places belonging to multiunit organizations, while 
the proportions in the other three trades were 16 percent, 
8 percent, and 10 percent, respectively. 

In the 1948 Census of Business each retail establish- 
ment was separately coded either as a "single unit" 
store, where the owner operated only one retail store, 
or as a unit of a multiunit organization, where the owner 
operated more than one retail store. Each unit of a 
multiunit organization was given a "number of units" 
size code depending upon the number of retail stores in 
the same general kind of business operated by the multi- 
unit organization. For example, if a firm operated 16 
retail stores, 11 of which were grocery stores, 4 drug 
stores, and one packaged liquor store, each grocery 
store would be in the "11-25 store multiunits" size class, 
each drug store in the "4 or 5 multiunit" size class, 
and the liquor store would be placed in the class of 
"single units operated by multistore firms." For the 
purpose of analyzing the operations of single and multi- 
unit stores, stores which are "single units operated by 
multistore firms" and stores which are "single units 
operated by one-store firms" have been combined into 
the one group "single units." AH other stores are re- 
ferred to as "multiunits." 

In addition to being classified either as a single-unit 
store or as a multiunit store, each retail establishment 
was also classified by type of operation, that is whether 



the store was the standard type of retail store, or whether 
by method of merchandising, or by unusual type of 
ownership it was distinguished from the standard type 
of retail store. Examples of "nonstandard" types of 
operation which were separately identified in the 1948 
Census of Business are cooperatives, mail-order houses, 
direct selling (house-to-house) organizations, merchan- 
dise vending machine operators, and retail leased depart- 
ments in retail stores. 

In the 1939 Census of Business, and in previous cen- 
suses, the type-of-operation classification provided the 
basis for classifying retail stores into three major group- 
ings, namely, "independents" (single-unit stores, and 
two- and three-store multiunits), "chains" (four or more 
store multiunits), and "other types" (utility-operated 
stores, direct selling [house-to-house] organizations, co- 
operatives, State liquor stores, and commissaries or 
company stores). Establishments with characteristics 
which would residt in their being classified in the major 
group, "other types," were always classified in that group 
even through other characteristics of the establishment 
might have been the same as either "chains" or "inde- 
pendents." In some of the 1939 "types of operation" 
tables, data for "independents," "chains," and "other 
types" are shown separately. In other tables, data for 
"other types" are combined with those for "independ- 
ents." 

In the 1948 Census of Business, since the type-of- 
operation classification was independent of the classi- 
fication for single or multiunit operation, "nonstandard" 
operating types are included in the single and multiunit 
tables either as single units or in their proper "number 
of units" size class, but are not separately identified in 
these tables. Separate information on these types, 
however, is presented in chapter 12 of volume II. 

In comparing information on "chains" in 1939 with 
data on "four or more store multiunits" in 1948, allow- 
ance must be made for the exclusion from the 1939 data 
of statistics on nonstandard operating types which had 
the characteristics of "chains." Table H, below, pre- 
sents 1948 data on selected nonstandard operating types 
by single and multiunits. 

The proportion of sales through multiunit stores has 
varied considerably from trade to trade since 1929. For 
example, in 1929, nearly 46 percent of the total sales of 
grocery stores without fresh meat was made through 
"chains" (four or more store multiunits). By 1939 the 
proportion had dropped to 32 percent, and in 1948 it was 
only 21 percent. On the other hand, the proportions in 
grocery stores with fresh meat steadily increased over 
the two decades, from 32 percent in 1929, to 38 percent 
in 1939, and 41 percent in 1948. 

In 1948, more than 50 percent of the sales of depart- 
ment stores were made through stores of organizations 
operating four or more units. This compared to the 42 
percent in 1939 and the 28 percent in 1929. The 1939 
and 1929 proportions have been adjusted to include the 
sales of mail-order department stores. The department 



18 



RETAIL TRADE 

Table H. — Selected Types of Operation — United States, by Single Units and Multiunits: 1948 





Cooperatives 


Mail-order houses 


Direct selling organizations 


Merchandise vending 
machine operators 


Single and multiunits 


Stores 
(number) 


Sales, entire 
year (thou- 
sand dollars) 


Stores 
(number) 


Sales, entire 
year (thou- 
sand dollars) 


Stores 
(number) 


Sales, entire 
year (thou- 
sand dollars) 


Stores 
(number) 


Sales, entire 
year (thou- 
sand dollars) 


Total - -- - 


4,398 


1,066,841 


880 


I, 485, 352 


3,451 


634,763 


881 


199,703 








2,608 
1,790 


542,587 
524, 254 


818 
62 


179, 629 
1,305,723 


1,451 
2,000 


120,325 
514, 438 


713 

168 


148, 504 


Multiunits total - - - 


51, 199 








730 
1,060 


147, 979 
376, 275 


21 

41 


13,051 
1,292,672 


97 
1,903 


2.3,098 
491, 340 


64 
104 


23,556 




27,643 







stores ratios have been affected by the improved depart- 
ment store reporting in 1948, and it is probable that under 
1948 reporting conditions the 1939 and 1929 percentages 
would be lower. On the other hand, the proportions of 
sales tlu-ough variety stores of firms with four or more 
stores has steadily decreased from 90 percent in 1929 to 
83 percent in 1948. 

The sizable decrease in the percentage of sales through 
multiunit gasoline service stations to 10 percent and 7 
percent in 1939 and 1948, respectively, from 34 percent 
in 1929, occurred because the large gasoline companies 
had largely discontinued their retail operations. The 
change in the proportion of sales through multiunit hard- 
ware stores, from 3 percent and 4 percent in 1929 and 
1939, respectively, to 16 percent in 1948, can be accounted 
for by a change in classification of a large group of stores 
which in 1939 were known as hard-goods stores. Data 
for this group were not presented separately in 1939 but 
were included under the classification "other retail 
stores." In 1948, it was determined that these so-called 
"hard-goods" stores were more nearly like hardware 
stores, as defined by the Standard Industrial Classifica- 
tion Manual, than any other kind of business, and the 
classification was made accordingly. 

Table I, below, shows the proportions of sales through 
four or more store multiunits for selected kinds of busi- 
ness for the tliree census years. 

Table I. — Proportions of Sales Through Stores of 4 or 
More Store Multiunit Organizations — United States, 
BY Selected Kinds of Business: 1948, 1939, and 1929 



Kind of business 


Proportion of sales 
through stores of 4 or 
more store multiunit 
organizations 




1948 


1939 


1929 




Per- 
cent 
21 
41 
11 
52 
83 
17 
,30 
29 
48 
12 
7 
16 
31 
11 
11 
14 


Per- 
cent 
32 

38 
14 

M2 
87 
22 
18 

28 
56 

ir, 

10 
4 
46 
15 
10 
27 


Per- 
cent 
46 




32 




14 




>28 


Variety stores 


90 


Men's, bovs' clothing, furnishings stores 


21 


Family clothing stores , 


27 




23 




38 


P'urniture stores _ . 


14 




31 


Hardware stores 


3 






Fuel, fuel oil, ice dealers 


18 


Jewelry stores 


6 


Cigar stores and stands 


25 







Retail Multiunit Firms 

There were 6,159 firms which operated 4 or more retaU 
stores during 1948. These firms operated 107,409 retail 
stores with total sales of $30,425,024,000. 

The data on number and sales of stores operated by 
firms having four or more retail stores differ from the 
data on number and sales of stores in the size class "four 
or more store multiunits" (table J, below), because in 
the tabulation by firms, all retail stores operated by the 
firms are counted, regardless of kind-of-business classifica- 
tion. For example, if a firm operated five retail stores, 
four of which were classified as grocery stores and one 
as a variety store, these five stores would be included in 
the tabulation of finns with four or more stores, but 
only the four grocery stores would be included in the 
"four or more store multiunit" size class. The variety 
store would be classified as a "single unit" store. 

Table J. — Firms With 4 or More Retail Stores Compared 
With 4 ok More Store Multiunits — -United States: 1948 



Item 


Stores 
(num- 
ber) 


Sales, entire 
year (thou- 
sand dollars) 




107,409 
105, 108 


30, 425, 024 


4 or more store multiunits 


29, 736, 570 







1 Includes caterers in 1948, not included in 1939 and 1929. 
' Afijustcd to include mail-order houses. 

' Includes State, county, or municipal liquor stores belonging to municipalities opcrat- 
ing 4 or more liquor stores. 



The above table indicates that there were 2,301 retail 
stores with sales of $688,454,000 which were classified 
in the single and multiunit tabulations either as "single 
units operated by multistore firms" or as "two or three 
store multiunits." 

Of the 107,409 stores operated by firms with 4 or more 
retail stores, 25,836 stores, or approximately one-quarter, 
belonged to 7 1 3 firms in the grocery business. The stores 
of these grocery firms accounted for almost one-third of 
the total retail sales of fimis having 4 or more retail 
stores. The average number of stores operated by gro- 
cery firms with 4 or more stores was 36. However, 23 
grocery firms, averaging about 775 stores per firm, ac- 
counted for almost 70 percent of the retail stores oper- 
ated by grocery firms. 

There has been a large decrease in the number of 
stores oi)erated by grocery firms with 4 or more retail 
stores since 1939. In that year 789 firms operated 
40,519 stores. Although there were fewer groceiy firms 
in 1948 than in 1939, the decline in the number of stores 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



19 



SALES OF SINGLE AND MULTIUNIT STORES AS A PERCENT OF TOTAL SALES- 
SELECTED KINDS OF BUSINESS: 1948 



GASOLINE SERVICE STATIONS 



EATING PLACES 



FURNITURE STORES 



DRUG AND PROPRIETARY 
STORES 



FEED, FARM, GARDEN SUPPLY 
STORES 



NOHEH'S REAOY-TO-WEAR STORE! z 



GROCERY STORES 



DEPARTMENT STORES 



VARIETY STORES 




SINGLE UNITS 



2-10 STORE MULTIUNITS 



II OR MORE STORE MULTIUNITS 



was not wholly due to the drop in the number of firms 1948 censuses reveals that these firms have drastically 

in this field. An examination of the stores and sales reduced the number of stores operated by them. (See 

data for 84 identical firms as reported in the 1939 and table K below.) 

Table K. — Stores and Sales of Identical Grocery Firms — United States: 1948 and 1939 





Firms 
(number) 


Stores (number) 


Sales, entire year (thousand 
dollars) 


Percent change 1939-48 




1948 


1939 


1948 


1939 


Stores 


Sales 




20 


1,290 


1,890 


184,889 


66,528 


-32 


178 








17 
3 


610 
674 


801 
1,089 


111,387 
73,502 


34, 021 
32,507 


-23 

-38 


227 




126 








64 


18,346 


30,008 


6, 979, 888 


2,129,377 


-39 


228 








41 
23 


1,578 
17,768 


1,769 
28,239 


519,060 
6, 460, 828 


'l50, 472 
1,978,905 


-11 
-41 


245 


Firms with 76 or more stores . . . - 


227 







This table includes data only for those firms which had 
26 or more stores in 1939 and which were still active in 
1948. The average number of stores operated by the 23 
firms in the category "grocery stores, with fresh meat," 
was 1,228 in 1939. By 1948, these same 23 fu-ms had 
reduced the number of stores operated to approximately 
730 apiece. 

Warehouses, administrative offices, other auxiliary 
units. — The operators of warehouses belonging to retail 
multiunit organizations and servicing the stores of the 
organizations; the central administrative and .buying 
offices of such organizations; and operations such as 
central garages, laundries, etc., are closely related to 



retail trade, and statistics on the activities of these units 
are included with the statistics on retail stores, although 
separately identified. 

In the 1948 Census of Business, 850 firms reported 
separate information on 1,080 warehouses servicing the 
retaO stores of these firms. These warehouses reported 
sales and billings of $9,090,871,000 of which $8,945,663,- 
000 were billings to then- own stores and $145,208,000 
consisted of sales to other companies. In addition, data 
on 697 administrative offices and otlier auxiliary units 
were reported separately by 611 firms. Administrative 
offices accounted for 606 of these units. 

These 1,777 warehouses, administrative offices, and 



20 



RETAIL TRADE 



other auxiliary units did not represent all such units 
servicing stores of retail niultiunit organizations. In 
many cases the warehouse, administrative office, or some 
other aiLxiliary activity for a multiunit organization was 
a part of or close to one of the stores of the organization ; 
and the information was included with the Census of 
Business report for that particulai store. The firms in 
many cases were unable to provide separate information 
for the store and for the auxiliary function. 

Types of Operation 

Cooperatives. — Retail cooperatives had sales of 
SI, 066,841, 000 in 1948, an average of $242,000 for each 
of the 4,398 cooperative stores. Nearly one-half of these 
stores and almost three-quarters of their total sales were 
accounted for by "feed, farm, garden supply stores"; 
that is, they were "farmer" cooperatives formed pri- 
marily to provide farmers with the necessities such as 
feed, seeds, fertilizer, and other supplies used in running 
their farms. 

There were also 122 farm equipment dealers with 1948 
sales of $23,376,000 which could also be placed in the 
category of "farmer" cooperatives, and it is likely that 
most of the 820 establishments classified as gasoline 
service stations were engaged in supplying farmers with 
gasoline and Diesel oil to be used in running their mecha- 
nized farm equipment. 

For the most part, the remaining retail cooperatives 
were engaged in selling "consumer goods," primarily 
food. There were 494 grocery stores with fresh meat, 
151 grocery stores, without fresh meat, and 141 "other 
food stores." These stores had total sales of close to 
$140 million. In addition, there were 132 general stores, 
selling considerable food, and 83 eating and drinking 
places. 

The term "farmer" cooperative, as used above, refers 
to cooperatives primarily owned by farmers. The 
method of operation of "farmer" and "nonfarmer" 
cooperatives does not differ basically. 

Mail-order houses. — Sales by mail-order houses in 
1948 totaled $1,485,352,000. These sales were made by 
880 establishments. However, the bulk of the mail- 
order-house sales were made by 22 establishments. 
Because of the similarity of their merchandise depart- 
ments to those of department stores, they were classified 
as department stores. The total sales of these mail-order 
department stores amounted to $1,249,351,000, an 
average of approximately $57 million per store. 

Other kinds of business accounting for sizable sales 
through mail-order houses were dry goods, general 
merchandise stores with sales of $51 million; women's 
ready-to-wear stores, $26 million; feed, farm, garden 
supply stores, $19 million; book, stationery stores, $24 
million; and tobacco products stores, $22 million. 

Most of the mail-order houses were located in large 
urban areas. In Census of Business tabulations showing 
geographic distribution of Retail Trade, they were 



included in the areas in which they were located. Tlioy 
were not included in the localities from which the mad 
orders were received. 

The statistics on mail-order houses are only for those 
establishments which were primarily in the mail-order 
business. There has been a tendency over the last 
decade for many of the larger stores, particularly in the 
general merchandise field, to invite mail orders through- 
out the areas in which their advertising media circulate. 
Many of these stores also sent out small catalogs, par- 
ticularly dm-mg the holiday seasons. However, the 
Census Bureau has not attempted to measm-e the extent 
of this mail-order business by stores for which mail-order 
sales did not represent the major source of receipts. 

Direct selling organizations. — Direct selling (house- 
to-house) organizations had sales of $634,763,000 during 
1948. Sales offices of these organizations numbered 
3,451. The sales of these organizations were concen- 
trated in foiu" merchandise groups, namely, organizations 
primarily selling home furnishings such as brushes and 
cooking utensils, with total sales of $162 million; organi- 
zations selling appliances such as vacuum cleaners, etc., 
with sales of $122 million; organizations selling food prod- 
ucts, with sales of $113 million; and organizations selling 
books and magazines by direct solicitation, with sales of 
$104 million. Milk dealers who made door-to-door 
deliveries and bakeries which sold house-to-house were, 
for census purposes, not considered to be direct selling 
organizations. 

Merchandise vending machine operators. — Sales of 
merchandise vending machine operators, whose primary 
source of receipts was from the sales of merchandise 
through coin-operated vending machines which they had 
placed in other businesses, office buildings, or institutions, 
amounted to $200 million. 

The 1948 Business Census was the first time that the 
Census Bureau collected information on this type of 
merchandising. In 1939, although some merchandise 
was being sold through vending machines, there was 
comparatively little interest in compiling separate 
statistics pertaining to its sale. By 1948, the number of 
machines accessible to the buying public had mush- 
roomed, and some measure of the volume of merchandise 
sales by this method was deemed necessary. This 
method of merchandising is still in a period of expansion. 
The 1948 sales total represents a transitional point in the 
growth of the industry. 

Several of the larger companies in the merchandise 
vending machine field sell both through vending ma- 
chines and through concessions located mostly in motion- 
picture theaters. The Census Bureau obtained separate 
reports for the vending machine operations of these 
companies and only these data are included in the $200 
million sales figure. The sales of merchandise through 
concessions owned by these companies is not included in 
this figure. 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



21 



The total sales does not include the receipts of vending 
machines owned and operated by soft drink bottling 
companies. The plants of these companies were outside 
the scope of the Census of Business. Neither docs the 
total include receipts of machines individually owned 
and operated b.v the establishment in which the machine 
is located. In cases such as these, the receipts of the 
machines were included in the total receipts of the 
establishments owning the machines. 

Retail leased departments in retail stores. — In 1948 
there were 20,922 retail leased departments located in 
13,626 retail stores. These leased departments had total 
sales of $831,978,000, almost 8 percent of the total sales 
of the stores in which they were located. 

These leased departments were not counted as separate 
establishments but the data relating to them were in- 
cluded with the reports of the retail stores in which they 
were operated. While the lessee owns the merchandise 
in his department, his merchandising policies are inte- 
grated with those of the main store. The main store 
usually provides services such as credit, delivery, heat, 
power, and protection. Thus, a main store with one or 
more leased departments was regarded as a single store. 

In the 1948 Census, a consolidated report of leased de- 
partments and the main store was obtained. The 
enumerator also obtained a complete listing of each 
leased department in the main store. This listing of 
leased departments is the basis of the leased department 
statistics in these tabulations. 

In the 1939 Census of Business the enumeration pro- 
cedure provided for either a report from the main store 
consolidating the leased department and the main store, 
or a separate report from the lessee for the leased depart- 
ment when the main store was unable to supply the 
information. When a separate report for a leased de- 
partment was obtained it was counted as a separate 
establishment. The 1939 data on leased departments 
include only information for those reported separately. 

Legal Form of Organiziation (Table 6A to 6F) 

More than two-thirds (1,231,127) of all retail stores in 
1948 were owned by individual proprietors. However, 
they accounted for only one third ($44,813,592,000) of 
all sales. The average size of these stores, in terms of 
1948 dollar sales, was about $36,000. 

Another 322,223 stores, with total sales of $23,422,- 
224,000, were legal partnerships; that is, they each had 
two or more proprietors. These stores, on the whole, 
were twice as large as the stores with only one proprietor, 
their average sales size being about $73,000. 

There were only 210,608 stores which were organized 
as corporations or were owned by corporations. How- 
ever, sales of these stores totaled $61,203,213,000, almost 
47 percent of all retail sales, or about $291,000 for each 
store. 



Table L. — Legal Form op Organization — -United States: 1948 





Stores 


Sales, entire year 


Average 
sales 
size of 
store 

(dollars) 


Lcpil (ortn of organization 


Number 


Per- 
cent of 
total 


Amount 

(thousand 

dollars) 


Per- 
cent of 
total 


Total, all stores. 


1, 769, 640 


100 


130, 520, 548 


100 


74,000 






Individual proprietorships. 


1, 231, 127 
322, 223 
210, 608 

2,528 
3,054 


70 
18 
12 


44, 813, 592 
23, 422, 224 
61, 203, 213 

770, 527 
310, 992 


34 
18 
47 

1 
(') 


36,000 
73,000 


Corporations 


291, 000 


State, county, or municipal liq- 
uor .stores 


305, 000 




102,000 







1 Less than 0.5 percent. 

The 210,608 stores classified as "Corporations," in- 
cluded most of the 4,398 stores of retail cooperatives. 
Nearly all the stores in this category were incorporated, 
most of them under the various State cooperative asso- 
ciation laws, but many of them under the regular State 
corporation laws, particularly in those States which do 
not have cooperative association laws. The few coopera- 
tives not incorporated under any law were included in 
the "Other legal forms" group. 

"State, county, or municipal stores," numberirg 2,528, 
were all "liquor stores." Although there are a few exam- 
ples of municipal operation of retail stores in other kinds 
of business, these stores have been included in the "Other 
legal forms" category, which also includes other miscella- 
neous ownership types such as estates, receiverships, etc. 

Kind of Business 

Although most retail stores were either individual 
proprietorships or partnerships, there were a few kinds 
of business in which the corporate form of organization 
predominated. Almost all department stores were oper- 
ated by corporations ; and an unusually high proportion 
of shoe stores, women's ready to-wear stores, motor- 
vehicle dealers, and lumber yards were similarly organ- 
ized. The kmds of business which had an unusually high 
proportion of stores belonging to corporations, were, in 
general, those kinds of business in which the average 
sales volume was high, or those in which a large propor- 
tion of the stores were operated by multiunit organiza- 
tions. 

Comparison With 1939 

The only significant change in the distribution pattern 
of retail stores by legal form of organization between 1939 
and 1948 was in stores operated by individual proprietor- 
ships and by two or more partners. Over the decade 
there has been a decrease in the proportion of stores 
owned by individual proprietors and a corresponding in- 
crease in the proportion of stores operated by partner- 
ships. There were similar changes in the proportion of 
sales contributed by these stores. The proportion of 
corporations and their sales remained unchanged. 



22 



RETAIL TRADE 



Table M. — Legal Form of Organization — -United States: 1948 and 1939 



Legal form of organization 



1948 



Number 



Percent 
of total 



Number 



Percent 
of total 



1948 



Amount (thou- 
sand dollars) 



Percent 

of total 



Amount (thou- 
sand dollars) 



Percent 
of total 



Total, all stores. 



1,769,540 



100 



1, 770, 365 



130, 520, 548 



100 



42,041,790 



Individual proprietorships _. 

Partnerships.- 

Corporations ' 

State, county, or municipal liquor stores 3.. 
Other legal forms _, 



1,231,127 

322, 223 

210, 608 

2,628 

3,054 






1,367,403 

189. 631 

213, 800 

2,618 

6,903 






44, 813. 592 

23, 422, 224 

61,203,213 

770, 527 

310, 992 



0) 



16,624,970 
5, 198, 901 

19, 955, 025 
249, 430 
113,464 



(>) 



39 

12 

47 

1 



1 3,230 cooperative associations with total salesof $144,723,000, idontified as a separate legal 
form of organization in 1939, have been combined, in this table, with "corporations" 
although a few of them may be unincorporated cooperative associations. 



' State liquor stores were not identified as a separate legal form of organization in 1939 
but were included with "other legal forms." 
s Less than 0.5 percent. 



The 1948 "Corporation" classification and the piib- 
Ushed 1939 data for this legal form of organization are 
not strictly comparable. The 1948 classification in- 
cluded those retail cooperatives which were incorporated 
imder State cooperative association laws, while the few 
nonincorporated cooperative associations were included 
with "Other legal forms." In 1939 "cooperative asso- 
ciation" was a separately identified legal form of organ- 
ization, and no attempt was made to distinguish between 
those which were incorporated and those which were not. 
However, as nearly all of the 3,230 stores classified as 
"cooperative associations" in 1939 were incorporated, by 
combining data for them with those for corporations, 
the resulting total, shown in table M, above, is closely 
comparable to the 1948 figures for corporations. 

Personnel an<d Pay Roll in Retail Trade 

Nearly 10,000,000 persons were employed full time 
or part time in retail stores and in warehouses and other 
auxiliary units of retail multiunit organizations in the 
United States in November 1948. Of the total, 7,083,315 
or 72.6 percent, were paid employees. The remaining 
27.4 percent consisted of 1,742,046 active proprietors 
and 930,546 unpaid family workers. Of the 7 million 
paid employees, 165,254, or 2.3 percent, were employed 
in warehouses, administrative offices, and other auxil- 
iary units of retail multiunit organizations. 

There has been a substantial increase in the number of 
persons engaged in Retail Trade since 1929. Table N, 
below, presents data for the three census years, 1948, 
1939, and 1929. 

Table N. — Retail Trade Personnel: 1948, 1939, and 1929 





Paid personnel 


Self-employed 


Census year 


Warehouses and 

other auxiliary 

units 


Retail stores 


Active 
proprie- 
tors 


Unpaid 
family 




Total 


Full work 
week 


Total 


Full work 
week 


workers 


1948 


16.5, 254 

111.335 

(') 


156, 709 
(') 
(') 


6,918,061 
4,600,217 
4, 286, 516 


5, 608, 398 
3, 730, 932 
3, 729, 442 


1,742,046 
1,613,673 
1, 434, 704 


930, 646 
923, 878 
(') 


1939 


1929 





The increase in paid personnel was consistent tlirough- 
out the whole United States, even in the New England, 
Middle Atlantic, East North Central, and West North 
Central Divisions where the number of retail stores had 
decreased during the decade. The largest increase 
occurred in the East North Central Division, from 
1,085,879 paid employees in 1939 to 1,549,997 in 1948, 
despite the decrease in stores from 364,508 to 350,319 
over the same period. 

With some minor exceptions, all kinds of business 
shared in the increased employment. The kinds of 
business which showed a decrease in the number of paid 
employees were those which appear to be disappearing 
as a result of the changing pattern of retail distribution. 
Some examples are "grocery stores, without fresh meat"; 
"meat markets"; "fruit stores, vegetable markets"; 
"general stores"; "millinery stores"; and "hosiery 
stores." 

From 1929 to 1939 there was a shift in retail employ- 
ment from stores specializing in durable goods to the 
nondurable goods type, such as filling stations and 
eating and drinking places. However, by 1948, except 

Table O. — Percent of Total Paid Employees in RetailTrade, 
BY Kind-of-Business Group: 1948, 1939, and 1929 



Kind-of-business group 



Total 

Food group 

Eating and drinking places ._. 

General stores- 

General merchandise group 

Apparel group 

Furniture, furnishings, appliance group. 

Automotive group.- 

(Jasoline service stations 

Lumber, building, hardware group 

Drug and proprietary stores _, 

Lifiuor stores -.. 

Second-hand stores 

other retail stores. 



Percent of total paid 
employees ' 



1948 



100.0 



14.6 
19.3 
0.6 
19.5 
8.5 
6.4 
9.2 
4.1 
6.9 
4.1 
0.8 
0.3 
6.8 



1939 



100.0 



16.9 

17.2 

1.3 

20.0 
8.7 
4.6 
8.3 
,5.1 
5.3 
4.0 
0.6 
0.5 
7.6 



1929 



100.0 



16.5 
10.9 
3.1 

19.0 
9.2 
6.2 
9.6 
3.4 
7.5 
4.1 



0.4 
10.1 



1 1948 and 1939 datu are based on November employment, 
the average employment for the year. 



1929 data arc based on 



I Not available. 



for eating and drinking places, that trend appeared to 
have been reversed. Table O, above, presents the per- 
centage of paid employment in retail trade contributed 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



23 



by each kiiul-of-business group during the three census 
years, 1948, 1939, and 1929. As m 1939 and 1929, the 
stores m the general merchandise group employed more 
persons than any other group. More than 02 percent of 
the paid emploj-ees in the general merchandise group 
were employed in department stores. 

The retailing of food accounts for a very large propor- 
tion of retail employment. In both 1948 and 1939, 
employment in food stores and eating and drinking 
places together accounted for 34 percent of the total. 
With the added employees retailing food and drink in 
general stores, drug stores, variety stores, department 
stores, and many cigar stores, it is estimated that about 
40 percent of the total paid employees in retail trade are 
engaged in retailing food and drink. 

The largest percentage increases in paid employees 
between 1939 and 1948 were in eating and drinking 
places and in such durable goods businesses as furniture 
stores, household appliance stores, radio stores, motor 
vehicle dealei-s, hardware stores, and fami equipment 
dealere. Paid employment in these trades increased 50 
percent or more during the decade. 

Total and Full-Time Employees 

About 81 percent of all paid employees in November 
1948 worked a full workweek. This proportion is about 
the same as in November 1939, but is smaller than the 
proportion of such employees in 1929, when 87 percent 
of the total were on a full workweek basis. 

Kinds of business in which the proportion of full work- 
week employees was considerably less than the average 
for all kinds of business were "grocery stores, with fresh 
meat," 72 percent; "dry goods, general merchandise 
stores," 74 percent; and "variety stores," 58 percent. 

For census purposes a full workweek employee was 
one who for a typical pay period was paid for working 
at least the number of hours typically worked by em- 
ployees of the working establishment. Thus employees 
of establishments which were normally open only part 
of the day, such as candy, nut, confectioneiy stands in 
theaters, were considered to be full workweek employees. 

Self-Employment 

A review of employment in retail trade should take 
into account data on proprietors and unpaid family 
workers. In November 1948, more than one-quarter of 
store personnel consisted of 1,742,046 proprietors, who 
were active either full- or part-time during the month, 
and 930,546 members of the families of proprietors who 
worked in the stores during November but were paid no 
stipulated wage or salary. 



Retail Pay Roll 

The annual Retail Trade pay loll in 1948 amounted 
to more than $14 billion. This included $618,162,000 
in warehouses and other au.xiliary units of retail multi- 
unit organizations, and $13,507,997,000 in retail stores. 

For all Retail Trade, pay roll constituted approxi- 
mately 10 percent of the sales dollar. However, this 
ratio varied considerably among kinds of business. In 
general, in those kinds of business which had compara- 
tively few self-employed jiersons, such as department 
stores and lumber yards, ])ay roll accounted for a larger 
portion of the sales dollar. Similarly pay roll was com- 
paratively high in Kinds of business, such as bakery 
pi'oducts stores and eating and drinking places, where 
processing on the premises and service were important 
functions. On the other hand, in those kinds of business 
where the number of self-employed was relatively high, 
such as grocery stores and gasoline service stations, the 
proportion of pay roll to sales was much lower than the 
average for all retail trade. 

Employee Size of Retail Stores 

More than one-third of all retail stores had no paid 
employees for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 
1948. However, these stores accounted for less than 
9 percent of the total sales of all retail stores during the 
year. The stores with no paid employees were operated 
by 1,249,038 self-employed persons during November 
1948, an average of about 2 such persons per store. 

The "employee size" of retail stores was based on the 
number of paid employees for the workweek ended 
nearest November 15, 1948. The "no paid employees" 
size class includes, therefore, some stores operated on a 
seasonal basis which were not active in November, and 
also stores which had no paid employees in November 
1948, but which might have had some during another 
part of the year. This accounts for the annual pay roll 
of $76 million shown for the "no paid employees" size 
class. 

In contrast to the lai^e number of retail stores with 
no paid employees, there were only 3,674 stores which 
reported 100 or more paid employees for the November 
15 workweek. These stores, representing only 0.2 
percent of all retail stores, accounted for nearly 12 percent 
of the total retail sales, and 18 percent of the annual 
retail pay roll. The large retail stores are nearly all 
corporations, so that the number of self-employed 
personnel is negligible. Department stores accounted 
for 1,211 of these large stores and variety stores another 
516. However, the average department store in this 
size class employed 634 persons, whereas the average 
variety store in the class employed only 172 persons. 



24 



RETAIL TRADE 



00 



CO 

w 

CD 

D 

o 

Q 

Q 

w 

H 

U 

w 
h-I 
w 

CO 

I 

'Z, 

o 

W 
p- 

ai 
W 

W 

CO 

W 

o 

< 

p-l 

> 
<: 

Q 

Z 
< 

W 
»i 
O 
H 

CO 

:a 

H 

w 

(^ 

o 
.-) 

w 

:z; 

o 

w 

Oh 



3, 
o 








D 



i 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



25 



Table P. — Stores, Sales, and Paid Employees, by Employee Size: 1948 and 1939 



■ 


1948 


1939 1 


Employee .-^ize 


Stores 


Sales, entire year 


Paid era 


Dloyees 


Stores 


Sales, entire year 


Paid employees 




Number 


Percent 

of 

total 


Amount 
(million 
dollars) 


Percent 

of 

total 


Number 
(thousands) 


Percent 

of 

total 


Number 


Percent 

of 

total 


Amount 
(million 
dollars) 


Percent 

of 

total 


Number 
(thousands) 


Percent 

of 

total 


Total, all stores 


1,769,540 


100.0 


130, 521 


100.0 


6,918 


100.0 


1,770,355 


100.0 


42,042 


100.0 


4, 600 


100,0 






100 paid employees or more 

20 to 99 paid employees 


3,674 
46,885 
S4,466 

46, 163 
92. 956 
170,313 
149, 109 
217, 597 
289, 170 
669,317 


.2 
2.6 
4.8 

2.6 
5.3 
9.6 
8.4 
12.3 
16.3 
37.9 


16,083 
26, 646 
19,009 
6, 8.56 
10. 305 
13, 721 
8,927 
9,811 
9,021 
11,142 


11.6 
20.4 
14. 6 
5.3 
7.9 
10.5 
6.8 
7.5 
6.9 
8.5 


1,221 
1,607 
1,118 
.389 
697 
764 
447 
435 
289 


17.6 
24.1 
16. 2 
,5.6 
8.6 
10.9 
6.5 
6.3 
4.2 


2, 173 

27, 573 
50, 732 
28,446 
60,762 
121,914 
122,357 
201,941 
401,164 
753, 293 


0.1 

1.6 

2.9 

1.6 

3.4 

0.9 

6.9 

11.4 

22.6 

42.6 


4, 631 

7. 500 
.5, 429 
1,9% 
3,244 
4,447 
3,170 
3. 670 
4, 103 
3, 852 


11.0 
17.8 
12.9 
4.8 

7.7 
10.6 
7.5 
8.7 
9.8 
9.2 


688 
975 
668 
238 
388 
633 
363 
399 
348 


1,5.0 
21.2 
14.5 




5.2 


6 or 7 paid employees 


8.4 




11.6 




7.9 


2 paid employees.. . . 


8.7 




7.5 

















' The number of paid employees presented for each size class in 1939 was the average number of paid employees during the year. 



Comparison With Previous Census 

Since 1939 there appears to have been some tendency 
toward a greater number of stores in the largest employee- 
size classes and a correspondingly smaller number in the 
smallest size classes. Some of this apparent trend is 
probably a result of the different methods of defining 
employee-size class in the two censuses. In 1939 the 
employee-size class was based on the average number of 
paid employees during the year. November employ- 
ment is usually higher than the yearly average because 
of high seasonal employment in the last quarter; so that 
there would have been some shifting toward the higher 
employee-size classes in 1939 if the November figure had 
been used as it was in 1948. 

Pay Roll and Employment for Selected Workweeks 

All stores were requested to report employment and 
pay-roll data for November 15. However, in order to 
obtain some measure of seasonal variations in employ- 
ment in Retail Trade, information on March 15 and 
July 15 paid employment and weekly pay roll was also 
obtained from all "large stores and multiunits" and from 
one in ten of the "small single-unit stores." The sample 
of retail stores selected to supply this information was 
the same as that used to obtain other information, such 



as merchandise line sales, merchandise mventories, and 
credit. Tables presenting measures of sampling varia- 
bility of the estimated totals are presented below in 
"Sampling Reliability of the Estimates." Figures on 
stores, sales, pay roll, and November 15 employment 
as presented in the tables on weekly pay roll and employ- 
ment for selected workweeks are also estimates based on 
the sample, and differ from figures for November 15 
presented elsewhere which are based on a complete count. 

With few exceptions, paid employment in November 
was higher than during the other two periods examined. 
Many stores at that time were preparing for the holiday 
season and had already hired the extra personnel to take 
care of the heavy selling during that season. An impor- 
tant exception to this trend was in eating and di'inking 
places. In these establishments, peak employment was 
reached during the summer. During that period a large 
number of seasonal businesses are operated at shore and 
mountain resorts. Peak employment for fuel, fuel oil 
dealers, occurred in March rather than November. 

In general, summer employment in Retail Trade was 
higher than in March. However, this did not hold for. 
stores in the general merchandise group and the apparel 
group. Selling in these kinds of businesses usually drops 
off during the summer months, and it has become a 
practice for many stores to close on Saturday during 
July and August. 



Table Q. — Seasonal Employment in Retail Trade, by Kind-of-Business Grodp: 1948 





Average number of paid em- 
ployees, Mar. 15, July 15, 
and Nov. 15, 1948 


Employment index (average= 100) 


Kind-of-business group 


Mar. 15 


July 16 


Nov. 15 




Total 


Full workweek 


Total 


Full 
work- 
week 


Total 


Full 
work- 
week 


Total 


Full 
work- 
week 


United States, total.. 


6, 572, 434 


5,464,963 


96 


96 


99 


101 


105 


103 






Food group... 


974, 865 

1,285,151 

42,540 

1,216,889 

644,906 

365, 124 

612,895 

269,279 

463, 732 

274 399 

522,654 


748, 220 
1, 067, 673 
34,910 
936, 919 
437, 632 
338,912 
688,225 
220,632 
424,715 
210, 642 
466,683 


98 
93 
9» 
96 
99 
97 
96 
94 
96 
97 
99 


98 
94 
99 
% 
99 
97 
96 
94 
96 
96 
99 


100 
104 
100 
93 
94 
100 
101 
102 
102 
101 
98 


101 
104 
101 
96 
96 
100 
101 
103 
103 
103 
99 


102 
103 
101 
111 
107 
103 
103 
104 
102 
102 
103 


101 


Eating and drinking places 


103 




100 


General merchandise group 

Apparel group 


i07 
105 


Furniture, furnishings, appliance group 


103 


Automotive group 


103 


Gasoline service stations. 


103 


Lumber, buUding, hardware group 


102 




101 


Other retail stores. 


102 







26 



RETAIL TRADE 



Merchandise Inventories (Tables lOA to'lOF) 

Retail stores reported tliat the cost of merchandise 
inventories in the stores at the end of 1948 amounted to 
nearly $15 billion. In addition, warehouses of retail 
multiunit organizations, primarily servicing their own 
retaU stores, had almost $600 million worth of mer- 
chandise on hand at the same time. 

Table R. — Merchandise Inventories in Retail Stores and 
IN Warehouses of Retail Multiunit Organizations — 
United States: 1948 



Type of establishment 


Establish- 
ments 
(number) 


Sales, 

entire year 

(thousand 

dollars) 


Merchandise 

inventories, at 

cost, end of year 

(thousand 

dollars) 


Establishments, total 


1,771,080 


132,364,800 


15,369,967 




1,080 
1,770,000 


' 145, 208 
132, 219, 592 


592,936 
14,777,031 


Stores 





' Sales of warehouses of multiimit organizations to other companies. Billings to 
stores of own company have been omitted. 

As used in the Census of Business, the term "inven- 
tories" means stocks of goods held for sale in the store, 
valued at cost. It does not include the value of fixtures 
or furnishings. In reporting the value of merchandise 
inventories, dealers were advised that reports based on 
cost equivalent such as "lower of cost or market" or 
"last-in first-out (LIFO)" were acceptable. However, 
reports based on selling prices were not acceptable and 
had to be adjusted. 

Inventories were reported for the beginning and close 
of the calendar year 1948, except for some businesses 
which used a fiscal year other than the calendar year for 
accounting purposes. Data so reported were accepted 
and included without adjustment. In using the census 
tables it should be observed that for stores which went 
into business during 1948, there was a year-end inventory 
figure included but no beginning-of-year figure. As, by 
definition, stores which went out of business in 1948 are 
not covered in this census, the beginning-of-year inven- 
tories represent some understatement of total inventories 
and to that extent are not comparable with end-of- 
year inventories. 

The sample. — "Merchandise inventories" was one 
of the inquiries in the 1948 Census which was requested 
from all "large stores and multiunits" and from one in 
ten of the "small single-unit stores." Estimates for the 
United States and geographic divisions, based on this 
sample, are included in the tabulations. Measures of 
variability due to sampling, between these estimates and 
figures tliat could be expected from a complete enumera- 
tion, are presented below in the chapter on "Sampling 
Reliability of the Estimates." 

Merchandise Inventories in Selected Kinds of 
Business 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers. — Despite the 
heavy demand for new cars during 1948, new car dealers 
stated that the cost of merchandise inventories on hand 



at the end of the year amounted to about one and 
one-half bOlion dollars. It is not possible to say how 
much of this represented new cars, and how much 
represented used cars taken in trade and automotive 
parts and accessories. 

There appeared to be some tendency for the smaller 
dealers to carry larger inventories in proportion to their 
sales than the larger dealers. This is illustrated in 
table S, below. 

Table S. — Motor Vehicle (New and Used^ Dealers — 
Proportion of Sales and Merchandise Inventories, by 
Sales Size: 1948 



Sales size 



Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers, total 

Less than $100,000 .... 

$100,000 to $299,999 

$300,000 to $499,999 

$500,000 to $999,999 

$1,000,000 or more 



Percentage 

of sales, 
entire year 



100.0 
3.9 
21.7 
16.7 
22.9 
34.8 



Percentage of 
merchandise 
inventories, 
end of year 



100.0 
6.3 
26.7 
17.8 
21.6 
27.6 



Dealers whose sales were less than $100,000 accounted 
for about 4 percent of the sales of all new car dealers, 
but held more than 6 percent of the inventories; whereas 
the dealers who had annual sales of $1,000,000 or more 
accounted for more than a third of the total sales of 
their trade, but held only 28 percent of the inventories 
at the end of the year. 

Inventories for motor vehicle dealers (new and used) 
showed a sizable increase in volume dm'ing the year, 
from $1,134 milhon at the beginning of the year, to 
$1,541 million at the end of the year. This increase (36 
percent) in part reflected increasing prices. 

Department stores.— The cost of merchandise inven- 
tories held in department stores at the end of 1948 
amounted to $1,318 million, slightly above the $1,302 
million held at the beginning of the year. In many 
cases, department stores hold merchandise in warehouses 
located away from the store itself. However, for the 
most part, the inventories in these warehouses have been 
included in the report for the store itself. 

The ratio of sales to inventory in department stores 
appeared to be directly correlated to the size of the de- 
partment store — the larger the store, the higher the 
ratio. 

Table T. — Department Stores — Ratio of Sales to In- 
ventory, BY Sales Size: 1948 



Sales size 


Stores 
(number) 


Sales, en- 
tire year 

(thousand 
dollars) 


Merchan- 
dise in- 
ventories 
at cost, 
end of year 
(thousand 
dollars) 


Ratio of 
sales to in- 
ventory, 
at cost 


Total, all department stores 


2,580 


10, 644, 747 


1,317,826 


8.1 


Stores with aimual sales less than 
$500,000 -- 


353 

679 
1,548 


126,168 

603,897 

10,014,692 


23,122 

83,354 

1,211,350 


6.6 


Stores with annual sales of $500,000 to 
$999,999 - -. 

Stores with annual sales of $1,000,000 
or more 


6.0 
8.3 







SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



27 



The apparel group. — Apparel stores held fairly high 
inventories at the end of 1948 in comparison with their 
total sales during the year. The group as a whole, 
which had total sales of nearly $10 billion during the 
year, had stocks on hand at the end of the year which 
cost nearly $2 billion. This was about 13 percent more 



than the cost of goods held at the beginning of the year. 
Table U, below, presents 1948 sales and end-of-year 
inventories for kinds of business specializing in the sale 
of apparel and accessories. It also differentiates between 
inventories held by single-unit stores and inventories 
held by stores of inultiunit organizations. 



Table U. — Merch.\ndise Inventories at Cost, End of Year in Sincile and Multiunit Stores in the Apparel Group: 1948 



Kind of business 



Apparel group 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores.^ 

Family clothing stores 

Women's ready-to-wear stores 

Millinery stores 

other apparel accessory, specialty stores... 

Shoe stores 

All other apparel stores. _ _, 



stores of single-unit organizations 



Sales, entire 

year 

(thousand 

dollars) 



6, 056, 4(18 



1, 598. 789 
9'.i4, 790 

2.003,113 

lib, 757 

189, 039 

625, 906 

579, 014 



Merchandise 
inventories 
at cost, end 

of year 

(tliousand 

dollars) 



1, 288, 551 



422, 790 
224, 514 
285, 996 
6,049 
40. 945 
181, 989 
125,668 



Ratio of 

sales to 

inventory, 

at cost 



3.8 
4.4 
7.0 
9.9 
4.6 
3.4 
4.6 



Stores of multiunit organizations 



Sales, entire 

year 

(thousand 

dollars) 



3, 849, 1 



676, 551 

823, 227 

1,329,133 

42, 046 
149, 285 
846, 437 

82, 407 



Merchandise 
inventories 
at cost, end 

of year 

(thousand 

dollars) 



629, 702 



108, 994 

120, 762 

127,791 

1,849 

16,4.i7 
1.38, 412 

15,447 



Ratio of 

sales to 

inventory, 

at cost 



7.3 



6.3 
6.8 
10.4 
22.7 
9.1 
6.1 
6.3 



Inventories in other kinds of business. — Other kinds 
of business which held large inventories at the end of 
1948 were furniture stores with about $753 million worth 
of merchandise on hand ; lumber yards holding inventories 
which cost about $831 million; hardware stores with 
goods on their shelves costing $645 million ; dry goods, 
general merchandise stores with inventories of $536 mil- 
lion; and jeweliy stores holding goods which cost ap- 
proximately $461 million. 

Warehouse inventories. — The warehouses for which 
data are presented in tables 7A to 7D are those belonging 
to retail multiunit organizations. They had a function 
analogous to wholesale establishments which service 
retail stores. Tables 7A to 7D do not include data on 
warehouses used by stores as supplemental storage 
space for their merchandise. Data for such storage 
warehouses were included with the stores for which 
they provided supplemental storage. 

Warehouses of retail multiunit organizations reported 
that merchandise which cost close to $9 billion was 
billed to their stores during 1948, and that another 
$145 million was sold to stores of other companies. At 
the end of the year these warehouses held merchandise 
which cost $592,936,000. If the average inventory 
diu-ing 1948 remained appro.ximately at this level, it 
would indicate a turnover during the year of about 15. 
However, two -thirds of the sales and billings during the 
year were made by warehouses belonging to organizations 
operating food stores. These same warehouses held 
less than half of the inventories in warehouses at the 
end of the year. Thus they were an important factor 
in the high turnover rate in such establishments. 

Beginning- and end-of-year inventories. — The cost of 
inventories held by all retail stores rose from $12.9 
billion to $14.8 billion during 1948, an increase of 15 



percent. This increase was general for all kinds of 
retail business, with the automotive group registering the 
largest percentage increase. This group increased their 
inventories from $1.6 billion to $2.1, about 31 percent. 

The 15-percent increase in the cost of goods held in 
stock does not necessarily indicate a corresponding 
increase in the volume of goods held. The wholesale 
prices of merchandise varied during the year, and, except 
for food, the general tendency was for the wholesale 
commodity prices to increase between January 1948 
and December 1948. Thus, for kinds of business other 
than those in the food group, the increase in the physical 
volume of inventories between the beginning and end of 
1948 was probably somewhat less than the increase in 
the cost of the goods held in stock. The exclusion of 
beginning-of-year inventories for stores which went out 
of business before the close of 1948 had a negligible 
effect on this increase. 

Comparisons with previous years. — Table V, below, 
presents total sales and end-of-year inventories for the 
three census years 1948, 1939, and 1929. In the com- 
parison of inventories in these years, the data are adjusted 
for price and cost differences. 

Table V. — Sales-Inventory Ratios: 1948, 1939, and 1929 





Sales, entire 

year 

(thousand 

dollars) 


Sales ad- 
justed to 
base year 

(1935-39 
average) 

(billion 
dollars) ' 


Merchandise inventories 
at cost 




Census year 


Actual 

(thousand 

dollars) 


Adjusted to 
base year 
(1935-39 
average) 
(billion 
dollars)! 


Ratio of 
sales to in- 
ventories 
(adjusted) 


1948 


132,219,592 
42,041,790 
48,329,652 


68.6 
42.5 
40.0 


14, 777, 031 
5,116,583 
7, 199, 656 


7.5 
6.2 
6.2 


9.1 


1939 


8.2 


1929. 


6.6 







• U. S. Department of Commerce retail commodity price index. 
' U. S. Department of Labor wholesale commodity index. 



28 



RETAIL TRADE 



Credit Sales and Balances Due (Tables 11 A to llH) 

Cash and Credit Sales 

Credit was granted by only one-third of all retail 
stores in 1948. However, those stores accounted for 
57 percent of the retail sales volume. Sales for cash in 
the credit stores amounted to 32 percent of all retail 
sales, so that cash sales in both credit and cash stores 
accounted for 75 percent of all the total sales volume. 
The remaining 25 percent represented credit sales, 
nearly three-quarters of which were charge or open 
account sales, and the remainder installment sales. 
Table W, below, summarizes these data for the United 
States. 



Table W. — Analysis of Cash and Credit Sales- 
United States: 1948 





Stores 


Sales, entire year 


Credit analysis 


Number 


Percent 
of total 


Amoimt 

(thousand 

dollars) 


Percent 
of total 


Retail stores, total. 


1, 770, 000 


100.0 


132, 219, 592 


100 






Stores analyzing sales 


1, ass, 524 
131, 476 


92.6 
7.4 


127, 746, 705 
4, 472, 887 


96 6 




3.4 






Stores analyzing sales, total 


1, 638, 624 


100.0 


127, 746. 706 


100 






Stores with cash sales only 


1,094,010 
544, 514 


66.8 
33.2 


54, 576, 014 
73, 170, 691 


42 7 


Stores with credit sales, total 


67.3 








40, 789, 007 

25,211,889 

7, 169, 796 




Charge account sales . 






19 7 



















Balances Due 

Retail stores which reported charge account sales of a 
little more than $25 billion during 1948 had nearly $4 
billion in unpaid balances on their books at the end of 
1948. This would indicate that, on the average, pur- 
chases made on charge or open accoimts were paid for in 
about 2 months. However, it is possible that this ratio 
of charge account sales to charge account balances is 
somewhat distorted by the seasonal character of the 
December sales. The ratio might differ somewhat if 
it were taken for a different period. 

Retail stores which made sales totaling $7 billion on 
installment or similar types of plans during 1948 had a 
total of nearly $2 billion remaining on their books at the 
end of that year. However, this figure was not the full 
amount owed at the end of 1948 by purchasers of mer- 
chandise on installment plans, since in some transac- 
tions, such as motor-vehicle sales, it is customary for the 
dealer to immediately discount the installment notes. 

The Sample 

Credit data in the 1948 Census of Business were col- 
lected on a sample basis. Estimates, based on the 
sample, have been compiled at the United States and 



geographic division levels. Totals for stores and sales 
based on the sample, differ from figures appearing in 
other tabulations which are based on reports from all 
stores enumei-ated in the census. Measures of varial)il- 
ity resulting from sampling are presented below in 
"Sampling Reliability of the Estimates." 

Comparisons With Previous Censuses 

Data on cash and credit sales were previously collected 
in the 1929 and 1939 Business Censuses. However, the 
basis for selecting respondents dift'ered in those years 
from the method used in the 1948 census. For 1929 
credit data were restricted to cities of more than 10,000 
inhabitants and stores having sales of $60,000 or more. 
Credit infoiTnation in the 1939 census was recjuested 
from all chain stores (stores of firms which had 4 or more 
retail stores) and all other stores with sales over $20,000. 

Table X below, summarizes data on cash and credit 
sales for the census years 1929, 1939, and 1948. The 
summary data for 1929 and 1939 are based on the experi- 
ence of those stores which analyzed their sales, whUe the 
1948 data are based on the estimates computed from the 
sample. 

Table X. — Cash and Credit Sales: 1948, 1939, and 1929 





Total sales 


Cash sales 


Credit sales 


Census year 


Charge 

aocoimt 

sales 


Installment 
sales 


1948 


Percent 
100 
100 
100 


Percent 
74.6 
65.8 
65.7 


Percent 
19.7 
22.8 
21.3 


Percent 
5.6 


1939 


11.4 


1929 


13 







Credit Data by Kind of Business 

Credit practice in Retail Trade varied from one kind of 
business to another. In some trades it was practically 
nonexistent, while in others it was a very important 
feature. The presence of minor amounts of installment 
sales in many kinds of business, which usually did not sell 
merchandise on the installment plan, was probably due 
to the fact that there were many stores throughout the 
country which sold a heterogeneous group of com- 
modities. 

Credit in food stores. — Nearly all sales in food stores 
involving credit were made on charge accounts. As 
indicated in table Y, below, 43 percent of the grocery 
stores with fresh meat, accounting for about one-third of 
the total sales of such stores, had charge account cus- 
tomers. However, about three-quarters of the sales of 
these credit stores were cash sales. 

Credit in grocery stores was confined almost entirely to 
single-unit stores. Of all "(combination" stores (grocery 
stores with fresh meat) granting credit, 94 percent were 
operated by individuals or companies which operated no 
other grocery stores. 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



29 



CHARGE ACCOUNT SALES AND BALANCES DUE ON CHARGE ACCOUNTS- 
UNITED STATES: 1948 



SELECTED KIKDS OF BUSINESS 



BILLIOKS OF DOLLARS 



lUMBfl YARDS, PUILOIHS 
HATERULS OEALEPS 



KOTOR VEHICLE (HEW AND USED) 
DEALERS 



OEPARTXEKT STORES 



GROCERY STORES, WITH FRESH 
MEAT 



FUEL, FUEL OIL, ICE DEALERS 



FEED, FARM, GARDEN SUPPLY 
STflRfS 



DAIRY PRODUCTS STORES, MILK 
DEALERS 



KOMEK'S REAOY-TO-WEAR STORES 



FURMITURE STORES 



FARM EQUIPMENT DEALERS 



HARDWARE STORES 



PLUMBING, PAINT, ELECTRtCAl 
STORES 



HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCE STORES 



CHARGE ACCOUNT SALES, ENTIRE YEAR 



BALANCES DUE FROM CUSTOMERS, END OF YEAR, ON CHARGE ACCOUNT SALES 



30 



RETAIL TRADE 



CREDIT EXPERIENCE OF RETAIL STORES, SELECTED KINDS OF BUSINESS- 
UNITED STATES: 1948 

STORES AK4LYZIHG SALES IK EACH KIND OF BUSINESS = 100 PERCENT 
PERCEHT ■ PERCE HT 




30 



STORES WITH BOTH 

CHARGE ACCOUNT AND 

INSTALLMENT "SALES 



STORES WITH 
CASH SALES ONLY 



STORES WHOSE 

CREDIT SALES ARE 

ALL CHARGE 

ACCOUNT SALES 



STORES WHOSE 

CREDIT SALES ARE 

ALL INSTALLMENT 

SALES 





FAMILY CLOTHING STORES 



STORES WITH 
CASH SALES ONLY 



STORES WHOSE 

CREDIT SALES ARE 

ALL CHARGE 

ACCOUNT SALES 



STORES WHOSE 

CREDIT SALES ARE 

ALL INSTALLNENT 

SALES 




STORES WITH BOTH 
CHARGE ACCOUNT AND 
INSTALLMENT SALES 



\ 



50 



30 



20 



PERCEHT 
60 



MOTOR VEHICLE (NEW AND USED) DEALERS 



STORES WITH 
CASH SALES ONLY 




STORES WHOSE 

CREDIT SALES ARE 

ALL CHARGE 

ACCOUNT SALES 



STORES WITH BOTH 
CHARGE ACCOUNT AND 
INSTAimENT SALES 




STORES WHOSE 

CREDIT SALES ARE 

ALL INSTALLMENT 

SALES 



50 



W 



30 



20 



PERCEHT 

60 



30 



20 



FARM EQUIPMENT 
DEALERS 



STORES WITH 
CASH SALES ONLY 





STORES WHOSE 

CREDIT SALES ARE 

ALL CHARGE 

ACCOUNT SALES 



STORES WITH BOTH 
CHARGE ACCOUNT AND 
INSTALIMENT SALES 



STORES WHOSE 

CREDIT SALES ARE 

ALL INSTALLMENT 

SALES 

wiiiiiiiiimn 



FUEL, FUEL OIL, 
ICE DEALERS 




PERCEHT 
60 



STORES WHOSE 

CREDIT SALES ARE 

ALL CHARGE 

ACCOUNT SALES 



STORES WITH BOTH 
CHARGE ACCOUNT AND 
INSTALLMENT SALES 



STORES WHOSE 

CREDIT SALES ABE 

ALL INSTALLMENT 

SALES 



w 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



31 



Table Y. — Cash and Credit in Grocery Stokes, With 
Fresh Meat: 1948 





Total 


Single units 


Multiunits 


Credit analysis 


Stores 


Sales, 
entire 
year 


Stores 


Sales, 
entire 
year 


Stores 


Sales, 
entire 
year 


Total all stores 


Percent 
100.0 
57.0 
43.0 
(') 
(') 


Percent 
100.0 
65. 4 
34. G 
24.1 
10.5 


Percent 
89.3 
S5.8 
93.9 
(0 
(■) 


Percent 
54.7 
44.4 
74.0 
66.0 
92.5 


Percent 
10.7 
14.2 
6.1 


Percent 
45.3 


Stores with cash Siiles only 

Stores with credit sales, total 

Cash sales ., 


55.6 
26.0 
34.0 


Credit sales 


7.5 







' Not applicable . 

More than one-half of the sales of the stores in the kind- 
of-business class "dairy products stores, milk dealers" 
were charge account sales. Most of these sales were made 
by milk dealers, who collect weeidy or monthly from their 
customei-s for the products delivered during the previous 
week or month. 

Credit in department stores. — About 40 percent of 
the sales of department stores were made on credit. Ap- 
proximately two-thirds of this total were charge account 
sales and the remamder installment sales. Included as 
installment sales were sales made imder the various types 
of budget-payment plans which were used in many 
department stores. 

Of the 2,573 department stores which provided credit 
infonnation, only 430 stated that they did not make sales 
on credit. These "all cash" stores accounted for 4 per- 
cent of the total sales of department stores. Another 
318 department stores indicated that although they 
allowed charge accounts, they did not make any install- 
ment sales. These stores had total sales of a little under 
$500,000,000 of which about one-half were charge account 
sales. 

Another 379 department stores, with total sales of 
$2,275 million, reported that all their credit sales were 
installment sales. These stores had average sales of 
$6,000,000, and their installment sales averaged about 26 
percent of the total. Most department stores, 1,446, 
had both charge account and installment sales. Of the 
total sales of $7,415 million made by these stores, 53 
percent were cash sales, 34 percent were charge account 
sales, and 13 percent were installment sales. 

Credit in apparel stores. — With the exception of "fur- 
riers, fur shops" and "family clothing stores" credit in 
the apparel group of stores was limited almost entirely 
to customers with charge or open accounts. About 16 
percent of the sales of fur shops, where the individual 
sales are likely to have a high dollar value, and about 
10 percent of the sales of family clothing stores were 
installment sales. 

Fur shops, custom tailors, women's ready-to-wear 
stores, family clothing stores, and men's, boys' clothing 
and furnishings stores made a sizable portion of their 
sales to charge account customers. The sales of shoe 
stores, on the other hand, were nearly all cash sales. 

Credit in furniture stores. — Almost two-thirds of the 
sales of furniture stores were deferred pajrtnent sales. 



Of the total sales of furniture stores in 1948, 34 percent 
were made for cash, 25 percent were on charge accounts, 
and 41 percent were installment sales. 

Table Z. — Credit in Furniture Stores — -United States: 1948 





Stores with cash sales only 


Stores with credit sales 


Sales siie 


Num- 
ber 


Sales, 
entire 
year 
(thou- 
sand 
dollars) 


Averflfio 
sales per 
store 
(thou- 
sand 

dollars) 


Nuni- 

1)IT 


Sales, 
entire 
year 
(thon- 
sand 
dollars) 


AveraKC 
sales per 
store 
(thou- 
sand 
dollars) 


Total . 


6,872 


274, 845 


47 


21,978 


3, 137, 176 


143 






Less than $100.000 -. 


5,237 

89 

636 

11 


150, 437 
66 

124, 408 
46 


29 


13, 226 

60 

8, 762 

40 


669, 560 

21 

2,477,616 

79 


50 




196 


283 













Only 8 percent of the sales were made in "all cash" 
stores. As indicated in table Z, the stores which made 
no credit sales were in general the smaller stores. About 
89 percent of them had 1948 sales of less than $100,000, 
whereas only 60 percent of the stores granting credit had 
sales of less than $100,000. 

Furniture stores with credit sales were about equally 
divided among stores where credit sales were all charge 
account sales, stores where credit sales were all install- 
ment sales, and stores which had both charge and in- 
stallment sales. However, the stores in the first group 
were, on the whole, considerably smaller than those in 
the second and third groups. 

Table AA. — Furniture Stores, With Credit Sales: 1948 



Credit type 



Stores analyzing sales, total — 

Stores with all cash sales 

Stores with credit sales, total 

Credit sales all charge accounts 

Credit sales all installment — 

Both charge account and installment 



Stores 
(number) 



27, 850 



6,872 
21, 978 



7,418 
6,999 
7,561 



Sales, 

entire year 

(thousand 

dollars) 



3,412,021 



274, 845 
3, 137, 176 



699. 291 
1, 035, 067 
1, 402, 818 



Average 
sales per 

store 

(thousand 

dollars) 



47 
143 



94 
148 
186 



Of the 5,872 furniture stores which indicated that they 
made no credit sales, 5,498 were owned by individuals 
or companies who owned no other furniture stores. Only 
374 "cash" furniture stores were owned by organizations 
operating 2 or more furniture stores. On the other hand, 
3,298 furniture stores of multiunit organizations were re- 
ported as granting credit. These stores represented 15 
percent of all stores in this category. 

The credit pattern in kinds of business closely allied 
to the furniture field, such as "floor covering, drapery 
stores," and "other home furnishing stores," differed 
from that in "furniture stores." In "floor covering, 
drapery stores," although 44 percent of the total sales 
were made on credit, the bulk of these sales were charge 
account sales. About one-third of their sales were made 
in stores which did not make credit sales. However, in 
"other home furnishing stores," which includes stores 



32 



RETAIL TRADE 



selling primarily china, glassware, metalware, house- 
ware, shades, blinds, awnings, etc., approximately 24 
percent of the total sales were installment sales, while 
17 percent were charge account sales. 

Credit in household appliance stores, radio stores. — 
About one-half of the sales of "household appliance 
stores," which sell primarily vacuum cleaners, refriger- 
ators, washing machines, etc., were credit sales. These 
credit sales were about evenly divided between charge 
account sales and installment sales. Only 14 percent of 
the sales were made in stores which had no credit sales 
in 1948. 

On the other hand, 30 percent of the sales of "radio 
stores" were accounted for by "all cash" stores, and 
another 40 percent were cash sales made in stores which 
granted credit. Charge account sales and installment 
sales in radio stores were each 15 percent of the total 
sales of such stores. 

Credit by motor vehicle dealers. — The credit pattern 
of retail motor vehicle dealers reflects to some extent the 
practice in these trades of immediately discounting credit 
paper with finance agencies set up for the purpose. 
Although dealers were instructed to report as installment 
sales, any transactions made on an installment basis with 
the customers, even though the credit paper was imme- 
diately discounted by the dealer, review of census reports 
after completion of the census indicates that this instruc- 
tion was not followed uniformly. Therefore, the 9 per- 
cent of the sales of new car dealers reported as install- 
ment is undoubtedly an understatement of the true pro- 
portion for this trade. 

Credit by lumber yards, building materials dealers. — 
Nearly three-quarters of the sales of lumber yards, build- 
ing materials dealers were made on credit, the liighest 
proportion for any kind of business during 1948. Prac- 
tically all of these credit sales were reported as charge 
or open account sales, only one percent of the total sales 
of these dealers being reported as installment sales. 

Lumber yards, building materials dealers who made 
no credit sales accounted for only 5 percent of the total 
sales. The average sales of these establishments during 
1948 was about $78,000, compared with the $217,000 
average sales of the dealers who gi-anted credit during 
1948. 

Credit in other kinds of business. — Other kinds of 
business in which credit transactions were important 
were plumbing, paint, electrical stores with nearly one- 
half of their sales made on charge accounts; fuel, fuel 
oil, ice dealers whose customers charged about 58 percent 
of the sales; jewelry stores, where installment sales ac- 
counted for 24 percent, and charge accoimt sales another 
21 percent; book, stationery stores in which deferred pay- 
ment sales accounted for 58 percent of the total sales; 
florists, with 41 percent of their sales cliarge account 
sales; and music stores, where installment sales (for such 
items as pianos and other musical instruments) accoimted 
for 28 percent of the total sales, and charge account sales 
for 18 percent. 



Area V.\ri.\tions 

There appears to be considerable variation in the pro- 
portion of credit sales to total sales in different parts of 
the country. For example, credit sales in department 
stores in the Boston Metropolitan Area accounted for 
about 42 percent of the total sales of department stores 
in that area; while in the Chicago Metropolitan Area 
credit sales in department stores accounted for onl}^ 32 
percent of the total. There were similar wide ranges 
in the proportion of credit sales to total sales in other 
kinds of business. 

Merchandise Line Sales 

Sales of each kind of business included in the 1948 
census, with the exception of a few minor classifications, 
have been analyzed by merchandise lines and presented 
for the United States. Statistics for geographic divi- 
sions. States, and the 90 largest standard metropolitan 
areas also are presented. 

The merchandise lino data are arranged in nine sets 
of tables corresponding to broad kind-of-business groups 
used tlu'oughout the census. The nine sets are: 

Food Group — Tables 16A to 16F. 

Eating and Drinking Places — Tables 17A to 17E. 

General Merchandise Group, General Stores — Tables ISA to 

18E. 
Apparel Group— Tables 19A to 19E. 
Furniture, Furnishings, Appliance Group — Tables 20A to 

20E. 
Automotive Group, Gasoline Service Stations — Tables 21 A 

to 21H. 
Lumber, Building, Hardware Group — Tables 22A to 22E. 
Drug and Proprietary Stores — Tables 23A to 23M. 
Miscellaneous Kinds of Business — Tables 24A to 24E. 

The kinds of business for which no merchandise line 
data are presented are "other food stores"; "children's, 
juveniles' shoe stores"; "other apparel stores"; "other 
second-hand stores"; and "all other retaQ stores." The 
total sales of the stores in these five kinds of business 
accounted for less than 1 percent of the sales of aU retail 
stores. 

The Sample 

"Merchandise line sales" was one of the items in the 
1948 census for which information was requested from 
"all large stores and multiunits" and from one in ten of 
the "small single-unit stores." Estimates for the United 
States and geographic divisions, liased on tliis sample, 
are included in the tabulations. Measures of variability 
due to sampling, between these estimates and figures 
that could be expected from a complete emuneration, 
are presented below in "Sampling Reliability of the 
Estimates." 

Merchandise Link Patterns 

Merchandise lines are groups of related commodities 
or connnodities gi'ouped on a departmental l)asis which 
were established, for census purposes, in consultation 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



33 



with rei)resi"iitativi's of tijulc organizations, market 
research groups, statistieal organizations, and others. 
Twenty-six sets of merchandise lines referred to as 
"patterns" were ik-veioped. on(> for each group of rehitcd 
kinds of business, to fit the departmental organization 
and the records of rejiorting stores. This made it possi- 
ble for the great nuijority of stores to report their sales 
by merchandise line. 

In classifying sales by merchandise line, a specified 
commodity item Uiay be grouped difi'erently in different 
patterns. For e.xample, the item "canned foods" is 
part of the merchandise line "canned goods, other gro- 
ceries" ui the pattern used for the kind of business 
"grocery stores, without fresh meat." However, in the 
pattern used for "candy, nut, confectionery stores," it 
is part of the merchandise line "canned foods, beverages, 
other foods." Similarly, the item "phonograph records" 
is a separate merchandise line in the pattern used for 
"radio stores"; whereas in the pattern used for "depart- 
ment stores," it is part of the merchandise line 
"radios, phonographs, television sets, records, etc." 

There may also be uidividual differences in depart- 
mental organization of stores in the same kind of business 
which could occasionally lead to reporting sales of the 
same conunodity in different merchandise Imes. For 
example, one furniture store may include sales of electric 
light bulbs in the merchandise line for lamps and shades 
because they are sold in that department, whereas 
another furniture store may mclude the same item under 
"housewares (including electric)." 

The 26 rcportmg patterns for the kinds of business for 
which merchandise line sales data are presented are shown 
in appendix G. Column 2 of the table lists the kinds of 
business m each chapter for which data for the uidicated 
merchandise lines are published. References should be 
made to columns 3 and 4 for other chapters and kinds of 
busmess in which data for related merchandise lines 
appear. For merchandise lines shown in cohmm 1 with- 
out an asterisk, the cohimn 2 and 4 references cover all 
kinds of business for which data for the specified line or 
a related line are published. For merchandise lines 
sho%vn in column 1 ^\^th an asterisk, reference should be 
made to the chapters listed in column 3 for a complete 
list of kinds of business for which data for the specified 
line or a related line are published. 

Limitations in Reporting Sales by Merchandise 

Line 

In general, reports on merchandise line sales were 
based on departmental, "cash register," or other avail- 
able records maintamed by the stores. Stores that 
maintained only limited records and those whose depart- 
mental sales groupings differed from descriptions on the 
questionnaire were asked to report on the basis of the 
best possible approximations. A particular item of 
merchandise may not have been included, in all cases, 
in the same merchandise line by different stores because 
of variations in departmental organizations. There 



jirobably is a tendency for sales of those merchandise 
lines which were a predoniinant part of the sales of a 
store to include sales of secondary lines, restdting in 
overstatement of primary lines and understatement of 
secondary lines. 

There were comparatively few stores of those reciuested 
to report which failed to provide merchandise line sales 
analysis. Table BB below, shows the propoi tion of stores 
and total sales of each major kind of business group for 
which estimates of merchandise line sales are presented 
in the United States tabulations. 

T.\BLE BB. — Percentage of Stores and Sales in the Mer- 
chandise Line Sales Tabulations — United States: 1948 



Kind-of-husiiicss proup 



United .States, total 

Food group 

Eatine and drinking places -_. 

General merchandise group, general stores. 

Apparel group 

Furniture, furnishings, appliance group. _ . 

Automotive group --- 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber, buildmg, hardware group.. 

Drug and proprietary stores 

other retail stores 



Percentage analyzing 
merchandise line sales 
data 



Stores 



96.2 



97.8 
98.0 
94.8 
95.0 
96.0 
98.3 
97.5 
97.7 
97.3 
87.5 



Sales, 
entire y&ir 



97.5 



97.9 
98.1 
98.7 
96.6 
96.2 
99.1 
97.5 
97.6 
97.7 
93.2 



Comparability With 1939 

In the 1939 Census of Business, commodity data were 
requested from all "chain" stores (stores of firms which 
had 4 or more retail stores) and all other stores with 
sales over $20,000. In addition, for selected kinds of 
business, those data were collected from and presented 
separately for stores with less than $20,000 annual sales. 

However, in publishing the merchandise line data, 
only reports where the information on merchandise line 
sales was completely reported were used. In the 1939 
census, data for oiil}^ 920,575 stores out of a total of 
1,404,747 stores which were requested to report mer- 
chandise line information were used in th(^ merchandise 
line sales tabulations. 

The reports used in the 1939 tabulation represented 
65 percent of the stores requested to report, and 52 per- 
cent of all retail stores. However, because of the way 
in which the stores requested to report merchandise line 
data were selected, it is not possible to statistically meas- 
ure the amount of error involved in estimating mer- 
chandise line sales data for all stores. 

In 1948, on the other hand, only 529,350 stores were 
requested to report merchandise line sales data. Never- 
theless, because of the introduction of samplmg 
techniques, it was possible to publish with a high and 
measurable degree of accuracy, merchandise line sales 
information representing data for 96 percent of all retail 
stores. Furthermore, because of the smaller number of 
stores from wliich merchandise line sales data were 
requested, it was possible to concentrate enumeration 



981778 — 52- 



34 



RETAIL TRADE 



effort on obtaining more complete reporting than was 
possible in 1939, and thus to keep the amount of non 
reporting to a minimum. 

Department Stores 

Of the 2,580 department stores in 1948, 2,560 provided 
a departmental breakdown of their sales. The 20 
which failed to provide such a breakdown were compara- 
tively small stores averaging $780,000 sales per store, 
their total sales bemg $15,610,000 out of a total of 
$10,644,747,000. . 

An analysis of sales by departments is presented in 
table CC below: 

Table CC. — Percentage of Sale,s of Department Stores 
Accounted for by Major Departments: 1948 



Merchandise department 



Stores analyzing merchandise line sales, total 

Main store, total 

Piece goods and household textiles 

Small wares 

Women's and misses' ready-to-wear accessories 

Women's and misses' ready-to-wear apparel 

Men's and boys' wear 

Home furnishings 

Miscellaneous merchandise departments 

Basement store __ 

other sales 



Percent of total 
of stores analyz- 
ing merchandise 
line sales 



100.0 



6.3 

6.2 

16.0 

14.2 

11.1 

21.7 

14.4 

7.0 

3.1 



The "basement store" of a department store is defined 
as "lower-price" departments of which there are counter- 
parts at Iiigher prices in the main store. A great many 
department stores had departments located in the base- 
ment of their buildings, but only a part of them could 
be classified as "basement stores." Basement stores in 
1948 accounted for 7 percent of the total sales of all 
department stores. 

Women's ready-to-wear apparel and accessories con- 
stituted the principal merchandise group of the sales of 
department stores. They accounted for 30 percent of 
the total, whereas men's and boys' wear accounted for 
only 11 percent. Nearly 22 percent of the sales were 
made in departments selling home furnishings, while the 
piece goods and household textile departments and the 
small wares departments eacli accounted for 6 percent of 
the total. Only about one-fifth of the department stores 
operated a restaurant or a fountain. These eating facili- 
ties accounted for 1.5 percent of the total sales. 

Dry Goods, General Merchandise Stores 

More than half of the sales of "dry goods, general 
mcrchandi.se stores" was in the apparel and accessories 
field. "Women's, girls', infants' a|)|)ai'cl and accessories" 
accounted for 26 percent of the total; "men's, boys' 
clothing and furnishings" for 20 percent; and "shoe and 
rubber footwear" for another 8 percent. The only otiuM' 
important merdiandise line was "dry goods, bedding, 
needlework, notions, etc.," accounting fc!r 25 percent of 
the total sales. 



Many of the "dry goods, general merchandise stores" 
sold luaes of merchandise similar lo "ilepartment stores," 
but did not meet the requirement of normally emploving 
25 or more persons, and therefore ct)uld not be classified 
as department stores. 

Variety Stores 

As the name implies, these stores sell a great variety 
of lines, with no line dominating. Clothing and acces- 
sories of all kinds accounted for 22 percent of the total 
sales; the notions and small wares line for 10 percent; 
and the dry goods and domestics line and toys, games, 
books each accounted for 9 percent. 

The demarkation line between the small "dry goods, 
general merchandise stoz'es"and the independent' variety 
stores" is not well defined. The lines of merchandise 
sold by many of the stores which call themselves "va- 
riety stores" or "5 and 10 cent stores" etc., are very 
similar to the lines sold by many stores, particularly in 
rural areas, which call themselves "general merchandise 
stores," or "dry goods stores," etc. 

Drug Stores 

Drug store prescription sales amounted to 13 percent 
of all sales for drug stores with fountains and 23 percent 
for those not operating fountains. 

For the first time in a Census of Business, these stores 
were requested to report data on the number of pre- 
scriptions sold and refilled, the dollar sales of such pre- 
scriptions, and the number of registered pharmacists work- 
ing in the stores. An estimate of the number of prescrip- 
tions sold is presented for stores representing about 88 
percent of all drug stores. It is estimated that this 88 
percent sold 306,736,000 prescriptions, valued at $549,- 
038,000, an average of approximately $1.79 per pre- 
scription. 

The information on registered pharmacists i)rcsented 
represents data from about 95 percent of all ilrug stores. 
An estimated total of 77,496 registered pharmacists were 
active in these stores on or about December 15. This 
count includes proprietors who were registered pharma- 
cists as well as registered pharmacists who were paid 
employees. Only 9 percent of all drug stores had 3 or 
more full-time pharmacists. 

Motor Vehicle Dealers 

The 43,642 new car dcalci's who provitlcd a merchan- 
dise line sales analysis stated that they sold 3,600,000 
new cars during 1948. In addition, an api)i'ccial)le 
number of new passenger cars, over 20,000, was sold by 
farm equipment dealers. New car dealers also sold 
2,916,000 used cars, more than 802,000 new trucks, and 
nearly 282,000 iis(!d trucks. However, the number of 
trucks sold by retailers does not represent the major 
part of truck sales in 1948, since tlealers whose i)rimary 
source of receipts was from the; sale of trucks were classi- 
fied in Wholesale Trade rather than in Retail Trade. 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



35 



Table DD, below, presents sales of new and used cars 
and new and used trucks by motor vehicle dealers and b}' 
farm equipment dealers. The average price paid for a 
new passenger car in 1948 was $2,001, while the average 
price of a used passenger car was $936. 

Table DD. — Cars and Trucks Sold bv Motor Vkhiclb 
Dealers and Farm Equipment Dealers — United States: 
1948 



Kind of business and typt* of vt'liicio 



New pas.'ienger cars, total 

New trucks, total 

Used passenger cars, total 

U.sed trucks, total ._, 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers: 

New passenger cars 

New trucks 

Used passenger cars 

Used trucks _ 

Motor vehicle (usedl dealers: 

Used passenger cars... 

Used trucks 

Farm equipment dealers: 

New passenger cars 

New trucks 

Used passenger cars 

Used trucks --. 



Vehicle sales 



Number 



3, 020, 533 
839,834 

5, 523, 164 
386, 440 

3, 600, 337 
802, 401 

2, 916, 220 
281,666 

2, 692. 915 
93, 706 

20,196 
37,433 
14,029 
11,068 



Amount 

(thousand 

dollars) 



7. 245, 448 

1,573,488 

5, 170, 896 

329,190 

7, 204, 178 

1,490,785 

2, 927, 733 

240, 782 

2, 230, 528 
78,709 

41,270 

82, 703 

12,635 

9,699 



.\vcrago 
price per 
vehicle 
(dollars) 



2,001 

1,874 

936 

852 

2,001 

1,868 

1.004 

865 

860 
840 

2,043 

2,209 

9(11 

870 



Gasoline Service Stations 

Gasoline accounted for more than 70 percent of the 
sales of establishments classified as gasoline service 
stations in 1948. This was a reduction from the pro- 
portion of such sales in 1939, when gasoline accounted for 
75 percent of the sales of gasoline service stations ^vith 
sales of $20,000 or more each, and 77 percent of the sales 
of smaller stations. 

Sales, of gasoline were reported by many retailers 
classified in business other than gasoline service stations. 
For example, 27,788 new car dealers and 1,188 used car 
dealers reported sales of gasoline and lubricants, while 
4,332 tire, battery, and accessory dealers reported 
gasoline sales. "General stores" also reported 12,052 
stores selling gasoline, lubricants, and fuel oil, while 
considerable quantities were sold by establishments, 
such as "service garages," "tourist courts," etc., classi- 
fied in Service Trade. 

Service Receipts of Retail Stores 

Only 14 percent of retail stores stated that part of 
their receipts resulted from services rendered to custom- 
ers. Of the total sales and receipts of $38,616,813,000 
by these stores, $2,911,514,000, or 8 percent, was for 
services and the remainder from the sale of merchandise. 

981778—52 4 



Nearly one-half of the total of all service receipts of 
retail stores was accounted for by new car dealers. 
These dealers reported service receipts of $1,365,717,000, 
practically all for shop or service labor sales. Other 
kinds of business which reported sizable receipts for 
services were gasoline service stations, with $302,702,000; 
farm equipment dealers, with $140,595,000; household 
appliance stores, $123,047,000; jewelry stores, $119,487,- 
000; and department stores, $112,029,000. 

It should be observed that the receipts of service leased 
departments located in retail stores are not included in 
the Retail Trade tabulations but have been included 
with Service Trade. 

Sales for Resale 

All large stores and multiunits and stores in the sample 
of small single-unit stores were asked to report the 
amount of their total sales which were sold to other 
retailers for resale. 

Of all retail stores, only 9 percent reported any sales 
for resale; 86 percent reported no such sales; while 5 
percent failed to answer the inquuy. The stores which 
said that they made some sales for resale had total sales 
of $31,359,909,000, of wliich $3,260,923,000, or 10 per- 
cent, were "wholesale" sales. 

About one-third of all wholesale sales by retailers were 
made by new car dealers. It is probable that a consider- 
able proportion of these wholesale sales were of used 
cars which were acquired by the dealers as "trade-ins." 
Other kinds of business with a comparatively high pro- 
portion of sales for resale were "milk dealers"; "grocery 
stores, with fresh meat"; "lumber yards"; "used car 
dealers"; "tire, battery, and accessory dealers"; and 
"hay, grain, and feed stores." 

Retail Sales by Service Trade and Wholesale 
Trade Establishments 

Establishments classified in Service Trade reported a 
total of $1,457,874,000 of sales of merchandise during 
1948. Hotels accounted for $817,593,000 of this total, 
mainly for meals; while automobile repair shops ac- 
counted for $175,242,000. 

Wholesale Trade establishments reported sales to 
household consumers, farmers, and other individual users 
amounting to $2,093,271,000. Retail sales of farm 
products (raw materials) accounted for $557,955,000 of 
the total, while dairy, poultry products accounted for 
another $422,908,000. 



STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS 

(As defined by tl\e Hvireau of the Budget, June 5, 1950) 



Akron. Ohio: Summit County. 
Albany - Schenectady - Troy, X. V.: 

Albany, Rensselaer, and Schenectady 

Counties. 

ALLENTiUVN-IlETnLEHEM-EASTON, PA.: 

I^hijihaiui Northampton Counties, Pa.; 
AVarreu Couiily. X. J. 
Altoona. Pa.: Blair County. 
AsHEviLLE, X. C: Buncombe County. 
Atlanta, Qa.: Cobb, De Kalb, and 

Fulton Counties. 
Atlantic City, X. J.: Atlantic County. 
Ai'fii'STA. Ga.: Kichraoud Countv, Ga.; 

Aiken County, S. C. 
AfSTiN. Tex.: Travis County. 
Baltimore, Mn.r Baltimore city, Balti- 
more and Anne Arundel Counties. 
Baton Rouge, La.: East Baton Rouge 

Parish. 
Beavmont-Port Arthur, Tex.: Jeffer- 
son County. 
BiNr.HAMTON. X. Y.: Broome County. 
BiRMiNOHAM. Ala.: JelTei"son Countv. 
Boston. Mass.: All of SutTolk County; 
Cambridge, Everett. Maiden, Medford, 
Melrose, Xewton, Soniorville, Walthain, 
and Woburn cities; Arlington, Ashland. 
Bedford, Behnonl, Burlington, Con- 
cord, Fraraingham, Lexington, Lincohi, 
Xatick. Xorth Reading. Reading. Stone- 
ham, AVakefield. Watertown. Wayland, 
Weston. Wilmington, and Winchester 
towns in Middlesex County; Beverly, 
Lynn. Peabody, and Salem cities; 
Danvers, Hamilton, Lynnfield, 
Manchester, Marblehead. Middleton, 
Xahant. Saugus, Swampscott. and 
Wenham towns in Essex County: 
Quincy city; Braintree. Brookline, 
Canton, Cohasset, Dedham. Dover, 
Medfield, Milton, Xeedham, X'orwood, 
Ran<lolph, Sharon. Walpolo. Wellesley, 
Westwood. and Weymouth towns in 
Xorfolk County; Hingham and Hull 
towns in Plymouth County. 

Bridgeport," Conn.: Bridgeport city; 
Fairfield, Stratford, and Trumbull 
towns in Fairfield County; Milford town 
in Xew Haven County. 

Brockton, Mass.: Brockton city: Abing- 
ton, Bridgewater, East Bridgewater, 
Rockland, West Bridgewater, and 
Whitman towns in Plymouth County; 
Avon, Holbrook, and Stoughton towns 
in Xorfolk County; Easton town in 
Bristol County. 

Buffalo, x. "Y.: Erie and Niagara 
Counties. 

Canton, Ohio: Stark County. 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa: Linn County. 

Charleston, S. C: Charleston County. 

Charleston, W. Va.; Fayette and 
Kanawha Coimties. 

Charlotte, X. C: Mecklenburg Countv. 

Chattanoooa, Tenn.: Hamilton 

County, Tenn.; Walker Countv, Ga. 

CracAHo, III.: Cook, Du Page, Kane, 
Lake, and Will Counties, 111.; Lake 
County, Ind. 

Cinclnnati, Ohio: Hamilton County, 
Ohio; Campbell and Kenton Counties, 
Ky . 

Cleveland, Ohio: Cuyahoga and Lake 
Counties. 

Columbia, S. C: Richland Countv. 

Columbus,Ga.: Chattahoocheeand Musco- 
gee Coimties, Ga.; Russell County, Ala. 

Columbus, Ohio: Franklin County. 

Corpus Christi, Tex.: Xueces County. 

Dallas ,Tex.: Dallas County. 



DAVEXPcmT.lOWA-RoCKlSLAXD-MOLIXE, 

III.: Rock Island County, 111.; Scott 
County, Iowa. 
Dayton, Ohio: Greene and Montgomery 
Counties 

Decatur, III.: Macon County. 

Denver, Colo.: Adams, Arapahoe, Den- 
ver, and Jefferson Counties. 

Des AIoines, Iowa: Polk County. 

Detroit, Mich.: Macomb, Oakland, and 
Wayne Counties. 

Duluth, Mixn. -Superior, Wis.: St. 
Louis County, Minn.; and Douglas 
County. Wis. 

Durham, N. C: Durham County. 

El Paso, Tex.: El Paso County. 

Erie, Pa.: Erie County. 

Ev.\nsville, Ind.: Vanderburgh County. 

Fall River, Mass.: Fall River city; 
Somerset, Swanseii, and Westport towns 
in Bristol County, Mass.; and Tiverton 
town in Newport County, R. I. 

Flint, Mich.: Genesee County. 

Fort Wayne, Ind.: Allen County. 

Fort Worth, Tex.: Tarrant County. 

Fresno, Calif.; Fresno County. 

Galveston. Tex.; Galveston County. 

Grand Rapids, Mich.: Kent County. 

Greexsporo-Hi(1H Point, N. C: Guil- 
ford County. 

Hamtlton-Middletown, Ohio: Butler 
County. 

HaRRISHURO, Pa.: Cumberland and 
Dauphin Counties. 

Hartford. Conn.; Hartford city; Avon, 
Bloorafield, East Hartford, Farmmgton. 
Glastonbury, MLinchester, Xewington, 
Rockv Hill, Sinis!'urv. Simth Windsor, 
WestHartford. Wotli.'rsticld, and Wind- 
sor towns in Hartford County. 

Houston. Tex.; Harris Countv. 

Huntinoton, W. Va.- Ashland, Ky.: 
Cabell and Wayne Counties, W. Va.; 
Boyd County, Kv.; Lawrence County. 
Ohio. 

Indianapolis, Ind.: Marion County. 

Jackson. Miss.; Hinds County. 

Jacksonville, Fla.: Duval County. 

Johnstown, Pa.; Cambria and Somerset 
Counties. 

Kalamazoo, Mich.: Kalamazoo County. 

Kansas City, Mo.: Johnson and Wyan- 
dotte Counties, Kans.; Clay and Jackson 
Counties, Mo. 

Knoxville, Tenn.: Anderson, Blount, 
and Knox Counties. 

Lancaster, Pa.; Lancaster County. 

Lansing, Mich.; Ingham County. 

Lawrence, Mass.: Lawrence city; An- 
dover, Methuen, and North Andover 
towns in Essex County. 

Lincoln, Nepr.: Lancaster County, 

Little Rock, Ark.: Pulaski County. 

Los Anoeles, Calif.: Los Angeles and 
Orange Counties. 

Louisville, Kv : Jefferson Coimty, Ky.; 
Clark and Floyd Counties, Ind. 

Lowell, Mass.; Lowell citv: Billerica, 
Chelmsford, Dracut, and Tewksbury 
towns in Middlesex County. 

M.\coN. Ga.: Bibb and Houston Counties. 

Madison, Wis.: Dane County. 

Manchester, X. H.: Manchester citv and 
Goffstown town. 

Memphis, Tenn.: Shelby County. 

Miami, Fla.: Dade County. 

Milwaukee, Wis.; Milwaukee County. 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.: Anoka, 
Dakota, Hennepin, and Ramsey Coun- 
ties. 

MosaE, Ala.: Mobile County. 



Montoomerv, Ala,: Montgomery Coun- 
ty. 

MusKEOON, Mich.: Muskegon County. 

Nashville, Texx.: Davidson County. 

New Bedfokd, Mass.: New Bedford city; 
Acushnet. .Dartmouth, and Fairhaven 
towns in Bristol County. 

Xe>v Britain-Buistol, * Conn.: Bristol 
and New Britain cities; Berlin, Plain- 
ville and Southington towns in Hartford 
County; Plymouth town in Litchfield 
County. 

Xew Haven, Conn.: New Haven city; 
Brandford, East Haven, Hamden, 
North Haven, Orange, West Haven, 
and Woodbridge towns in New Haven 
County. 

New Orleans, La.: Jefferson, Orleans, 
and St. Bernard Parishes. 

New York-N«»rthea.stekn New Jersey; 
New York City (Bronx, Kings, New 
York, Queens, and Richmond Counties); 
Nassau. Rockland, Suffolk, and West- 
chester Counties. N. Y.; Bergen, Esse.x, 
Hudson, Middlesex, Morris, Pa.ssaic, 
Somerset, and Union Counties, X. J. 

Norfolk-Portsmouth, Va.: Xorfolk and 
Princess Anne Counties; and the cities 
of Norfolk, South Norfolk, and Ports- 
mouth. 

Oklahoma City, Okla.: Oklahoma Coun- 
ty. 

Omaha. X^ebr.: Douglas and Sarpy 
Counties, Nebr.; Pottawattamie Coun- 
ty, Iowa. 

Peoria, III.: Peoria and Tazewell Coun- 
ties. 

Philadelphia, Pa.: Bucks, Chester, Dela- 
ware. Montgomery, and Philadelphia 
Counties, Pa.; Burlington, Camden, 
and Gloucester Counties, X. J. 

Phoenix, Ariz.: Maricopa County. 

PiTTSBUROH, Pa.: Allegheny, Beaver, 
Washington, and Westmoreland Coun- 
ties. 

Portland, Maine: Portland. South Port- 
land, and Westbrook cities; Cape Eliza- 
beth and Falmouth towns in Cumber- 
land County. 

Portland, Oreo.: Clackamas. Multno- 
mah, and Washington Counties, Oreg.; 
Clark County, Wash. 

Providence, R, I.: Central Falls, Crans- 
ton. Pawtucket, Providence, and Woon- 
socket cities; Cumberland, East Provi- 
dence, Johnston, Lincoln, Xorth Provi- 
dence, North Smithfield, and Smith- 
field towns in Providence County, R. I.; 
X'^orth Kingstown town in Wiishington 
County, R. I.; Warwick city. East 
Greenwich, and West Warwick towns 
in Kent County, R. I.; all of Bristol 
County, R. I.; Attleboro city, Xorth 
Attleboro, and Seekonk towns in Bri.<;toI 
County, Mass.; Bellingham, Franklin, 
Plain ville, and Wrentham towns in 
Norfolk County, Mass.; Blackstone and 
Millville towns in Worcester County, 
Mass. 

Racine, Wis.: Racine County. 

Raleioh, N. C: Wake County. 

Reading, Pa.: Berks County. 

Richmond, Va.: Richmond city; Chester- 
field and Henrico Counties. 

Roanoke, Va.; Roanoke city and Roa- 
noke County. 

Rochester, N. Y.; Monroe County. 

RocKFORD, III.: Winnebago County. 
Sacramento, Calif.: Sacramento County 
Saoinaw,Mich.: Saginaw County. 



St. Joseph, Mo.: Buchanan County. 

St. Louis, Mo.: St. Louis city, St. Charles 
and St. Louis Counties, Mo.; Madison 
and St. Clair Counties, III. 

Salt Lake City, Utah: Salt Lake County. 

San Antonio, Tex.; Bexar County. 

San Bernardino, Calif.: San Bernar- 
dino County. 

San Dieco, Calif.: San Diego County. 

San Francisco-Oakland. Calif.: Ala- 
meda. Contra Costa, Marin, San Fran- 
cisco, San Mateo, and Solano Counties. 

San Jose, Cai.if.: Santa Clara Crmnty. 

Savannah, Ga.: Chatham County. 

ScRANTON, Pa.: Lackawanna County. 

Seattle, Wash.: King Countv. 

Shreveport. La.: Caddo Parish. 

Sioux City, Iowa: Woudtnuy County. 

South Bend, Ind.: St. Joscpli County. 

Spokane, Wash.; Spokane County. 

SpRiNiiFiELD, III.: Sangamon County. 

Springfield, Mo.: Greene County. 

Springfield, Ohio: Clark County. 

Springfield-Holvoke, Mass.: Chicopee, 
Holyoke, Springfield, and Westfield 
cities; Av'awam, East Longmeadow, 
Longmeaihiw, Ludlow, West Spring- 
field, and Wilbraham towns in Hamp- 
den County, Mass.; Northampton city; 
Easthami»t*on and South Hadley towns 
in nam[)shire County, Mass.; Enfield 
town in Hartford County, Conn. 

Stamford-Norwalk. Conn.: Norwatk 
city; Darien, Greenwich, New Canaan, 
Stamford, and Westport towns in Fair- 
field County. 

Stockton, Calif.: San Joaquin County. 

Syracuse, X. Y.: Onondaga County. 

Tacoma, Wash.: Pierce County. 

Tampa-St. Petersburg, Fla.: Hillsbor- 
ough and Pinellas Counties. 

Terre Haute, Ind.: Vigo County. 

Toledo, Ohio: Lucas County. 

Topeka, Kans.: Shawnee County. 

Trenton, N. J.: Mercer County. 

Tulsa. Okla.: Tulsa County. 

Utica-Rome, N. Y.: Herkimer and 
Oneida Counties. 

Waco. Tex.: McLennan County. 

Washington, D. C: The District of Co- 
lumbia; Alexandria and Falls Church 
cities; Arlington and Fairfax Counties, 
Va.; Montgomery and Prince Georges 
Counties. Md. 

Waterrury, Conn.: Waterbury city: 
Naugatuck borough; Beacon Falls. Che- 
shire, Middlebury, Prospect, and Wol- 
cott towns in New Haven County; 
Thoraaston and Watertown towns in 
Litchfield County. 

Wheeling, W. Va.-Steurenville, Ohio: 
Brooke, Hancock, Marshall, and Ohio 
Counties, W. Va.; Belmont and Jeffer- 
son Counties, Ohio. 

AVichita, Kans.: Sedgwick Coimty. 

Wilkes-Barre-Hazleton, Pa.: Luzerne 
County. 

Wilmington, Del.; New Castle County, 
Del.; Salem County, N. J. 

Winston-Salem, N. C: Forsyth County. 

Worcester. Mass.: Worcester city, Au- 
burn, East Brookfield, Grafton, Uolden, 
Leicester, Millbury, Northborough, 
North Brookfield, Shrewsbury, Spencer, 
Westborough, and West Boylston towns 
in Worcester County. 
York, Pa.: York County. 
Youngstown, Ohio: Mahoning and 
Trumbull Counties, Ohio; Mercer 
County, Pa. 

37 



38 



RETAIL TRADE 




STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS 



39 




THE USE OF SAMPLING IN THE ENUMERATION OF 

RETAIL STORES 

CONTENTS 
Text 

Pngi' 

Sample Design 41 

Sampling Reliability of the Estimates 42 

Text Tables 

Table 

I — Percentage Differences Between Total Sales Based on Universe and Sample Estimates, United States 41 

II — Sampling Variability — Merchandise Inventories at Cost, End of Year — United States ^^._ 43 

III — Sampling Variability — Cash and Credit Sales, Balances Due, and Number of Credit Stores — United States 44 

IV — Sampling Variability — Merchandise Line Sales of Cooperatives, Selected Kinds of Business — United States 45 

V — Sampling Variability — Number of Cash and Credit Stores, Cash Sales and Credit Sales, and Merchandise Inventories — 

Cooperatives — Selected Kinds of Business 45 

VI — Sampling Variability — Weekly Pay Roll for Full Workweek Employees — United States 45 

VII — Sampling Variability — Trucks, Number and Total Sales of Stores Operating Trucks, Number of Stores Not Operating Trucks. 46 

VIII — Sampling Variability — Self-Service Grocery Stores, Sales, Pay Roll, Personnel — United States . ^- 46 

IX — Sampling VariabOity — Self-Service in Grocery Stores — Merchandise Line Sales — United States . 47 

X — Sampling Variability — Sales for Resale — United States 47 

XI — Sampling Variability — Merchandise Line Sales — Food Group — United States 48 

XII — Sampling Variability — Merchandise Line Sales — Eating and Drinking Places — United States 48 

XIII — Sampling Variability — Merchandise Line Sales — General Merchandise Group, General Stores — United States 48 

XIV — Sampling Variability — Merchandise Line Sales — Apparel Group — United States 48 

XV — Sampling Variability — Merchandise Line Sales — Furniture, Furnishings, Appliance Group — LTnited States , 48 

XVI — Sampling Variability — Merchandise Line Sales — Automotive Group and Gasoline Service Stations — United States 49 

XVII — Sampling Variability — Merchandise Line Sales — Lumber, Building, Hardware Group — United States 49 

XVIII — Sampling Variability — Merchandise Line Sales — Drug and Proprietary Stores — United States 49 

XIX — Sampling Variability — Merchandise Line Sales — ^Miscellaneous Kinds of Business — United States 49 

XX — -Multiplication Factors for Sampling Variability — Geographic Divisions 50 

40 



THE USE OF SAMPLING IN THE ENUMERATION 

OF RETAIL STORES 



Sample Design 

The need for sampling. — Select cd items of information 
were obtained only from a sample of retail stores. The 
method of sampling used made it possible to prepare 
estimated totals which have a known sampling variability 
for these items for all retail stores. Snch estimates in 
kind-of-busmess detail have been prepared for the 
United States and for the nine geographic divisions. 

The sampling procedure made possible large economics 
in the cost and time of conducting and tabidating the 
census and m general concentrated re])orting among 
stores with records best adapted for deriving the required 
information. It relieved a large proportion of all retail 
stores from reporting all but the basic census information 
on annual sales, pay roll and eniplo_\nnent, and kind of 
business. 

All "large" stores (see Description of the sample, be- 
low) were required to report the items obtained on a 
sample basis (e. g., sales by merchandise lines, credit 
sales and accounts receivable, inventories, etc.) ; only 
one in ten of the "small" stores was required to report 
these items, while the remainder reported only basic in- 
formation. As there were almost 1,400,000 "small" 
stores, the use of the 1-in-lO sample made it possible to 
concentrate enumeration effort on the sample stores and 
thereby to improve quality and completeness of report- 
ing as well as greatly reduce the cost and time of the 
census. 

The statistics contained in vohmie II present data, 
derived from the sample, by kinds of business for totals 
of basic census items and sampled items. These total 
figures based on the sample will not agree necessarily 
with totals in other volumes. The reasons for such 
differences are discussed more fully in "Method of 
estimation," below. As an example, the differences 
which occur between total sales for the universe of retail 
establishments and as estimated from the sample are 
given in table I, below, for United States totals. 

Table I. — Percentage Differences Between Total Sales 
Based on Universe and Sa.mple Estimates, United States 



Table I. — Percbntace Differences Between Total Sales 
Based on Universe and Sample Estimates, United States — 
Connecticut. 



Kind of business 



United States, total 

Food group 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat. 

Grocerj' stores, with fresh meat 

Meat markets, fish markets 

Fruit stores, vegetable markets 

Candy, nut, con/ectionery stores... 
Dairy products stores, milk dealers. 

Bakery products stores 

Egg, poultry dealers... _ 

All other food stores 



Percentage 

difference 

(sample estimate 

minus universe 

as percent 

of universe) 



+1.3 



+1.1 
+1.2 
+1.0 
+0.6 
+1.0 
+2.5 
+1.2 
+3.4 
+3.9 



Kind of business 



Eating and drinking places 

Eating places 

Drinking places. 

( leneral stores, 

( leneral merchandise group 

Department stores 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores 

Variety stores 

.\pparel group 

Men's, boys' clothing, fumisliings stores 

Family clothing stores.. 

Women's ready-to-wear stores 

Millinery stores 

other apparel accessory, specialty stores 

Shoe stores 

Custom tailors 

Furriers, fur shops 

.\1I other apparel stores 

Furniture, furnishings, appliance group 

Furniture stores 

Floor covering, drapery stores 

Other home furnishing stores. 

Household appliance stores 

Radio stores 

Automotive group 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers. 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

.\11 other automotive dealers... 

Lumber, building, hardware group.. 

Lumber yards, building materials dealers 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers 

Drug and proprietary stores. 

Drug stores 

Proprietary stores 

Liquor stores... 

Second-hand stores 

other retail stores 

Fuel, fuel oil dealers 

Ice dealers 

Feed, farm, garden supply stores 

Jewelry stores. 

Book, stationery stores 

Sporting goods stores, bicycle stores 

Florists 

Cigar stores and stands 

News dealers, newsstands ^: -L.^ 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores., 

Music stores 

Luggage, leather goods stores 

OptiGil goods stores.. 

Camera, photographic supply stores 

Office, store machine and equipment dealers. 
All other retail stores 



Percentage 

differenee 

(.sami)le cstiniate 

minus universe 

as percent 

of universe) 



+3.7 
+4.0 
+3.3 
+6.3 
+0.4 



-.1 

+.4 
+1.0 

+.4 
+1.5 

+.8 

-.7 
+3.0 

+.3 
+2.3 

+.0 
+7.9 
+1.2 
+1.3 
+2.3 
+1.3 

+.4 
+3.6 

+.3 

+.2 

+.7 
+1.5 

-.5 
+1.3 

+.3 
+3.3 
+1.9 
+1.7 

+.6 
+1.6 
-10.5 
+1.6 
+3.5 
+1.3 
+1.7 
+6.7 

+.5 
+2.8 
+1.9 

+.3" 

+.9 
+1.3 
+5.2 
+7.0 
+3.0 

+.8 

+.5 
+2.5 
-4.4 
-1.6 



Description of the sample. — As indicated above, the 
sample used to collect selected items of information 
from retail stores permitted the preparation of estimated 
figm-es with a known and sufficiently small sampling 
variability for the United States and, in most cases, 
also for the geographic divisions. To have obtained 
results with the desired degree of reliability for smaller 
areas would have required a sample considerably larger 
than that which was used and would have added con- 
siderably to the cost of the census. As the sampled 
information for the United States and geographic 
divisions satisfied many important data needs, the justifi- 
cation for a larger sample was limited. Moreover, 

41 



42 



RETAIL TRADE 



the extension of the sample would not have been possible 
within the census budget without sacrificing other 
major elements of the census. 

In the census all retail stores were enumerated, with- 
out regard to kind-of-business classification, as members 
of one of two groups. In general, the first group con- 
sisted of those stores which had $100,000 or more as 
their total sales and receipts in 1948, or were members 
of a multiunit organization, or contained a leased depart- 
ment. Members of this group were requested to report 
merchandise line sales information, credit information, 
etc., in addition to those basic data such as total sales, 
pay roll, and number of employees which were included 
on th3 short form schedule and were reported by all 
stores. 

The second group consisted of all other retail stores, 
namely, small single-unit stores. A random sample 
was selected sj'stematically by each field enumerator 
in the course of the first phase of emmicration for the 
purpose of including one in ten of this group. Those in 
the sample were requested to report the same information 
as the members of the first gi'oup, while the remainder 
reported basic data only. 

The first group, consisting in general of large stores, 
multiunits, and stores having leased departments in- 
cluded 391,494 stores with sales of $92,268,922,000, 
accounting for 22 percent of total retail stores and 70 
percent of total retail sales. The second group, in general 
smaller single-unit retailers, included 1,378,500 stores 
with sales of $39,950,670,000, accounting for 78 per- 
cent of the total number of stores and 30 percent of 
total sales. 

Method of estimation. — The data presented m United 
States and geographic division tables represent infor- 
mation as reported by large stores, multiunits, and leased 
departments plus small-store information estimated 
on the basis of the figures submitted by the sample of 
one in ten of these stores. 

The estimates for small single-unit stores in a geo- 
graphic division were prepared by multiplying by ten 
the data submitted in the sample reports after an 
adjustment had been made at the geographic division 
level so that the number of sample reports for each 
of the 58 kind-of-business classes equaled one-tenth of 
the total number of the stores enumerated in the kind 
of business. This adjustment was made by randomly 
eliminating or duplicating the required number of sample 
reports. The figures in geographic division tables, 
arrived at by the above method, were totaled to derive 
the figures presented in United States tables. 

Total sales for any of the 58 primaiy kinds of business, 
as shown in tables involving the 10 percent sample of 
small stores, may differ from those shown in tables 
when^ the figures are for all establishments reporting, 
whether or not in the sample. However, because of the 
adjustment procedure, the total number of stores shown 
for a kind of-business class which is one of the 58 will 
agree (except for differences caused by rounding) with the 



number of stores actually enumerated in that class. The 
total number of stores shown for a subdivision of any of 
the 58 kind of-business classes will not necessarily agree 
with the known number because of sampling variability. 

Use of State and metropolitan area tables. — Figures 
in State and metropolitan area tables, for example, in- 
ventories, State table lOF, are presented only for large 
stores and multiunits. Because sampling variability in 
many cases was large, small-store data, cither in the form 
of actual figures reported by the sample of small stores or 
estimated for all small stores, have not been included. 
Two methods for approximating small-store data are 
indicated below. However, because in either case the 
method of obtaining the results does not permit a meas- 
urement of their reliability, the publication of such 
figures is not regarded as appropriate for the Census 
Bureau. The use of the results obtained by these or 
similar methods must be the responsibility of the user. 

Users of these tables who wish to determine figures at 
this level for small as well as large stores may choose to 
make estimates on the basis of their own assumptions 
regarding the characteristics of the small stores. One 
method consists of applying the experience of the sample 
of small suigle-unit stores shown in tables for the geo- 
graphic division which includes the State or metropolitan 
area. A second method consists of applying the large and 
multiunit experience in the pertinent State or metropoli- 
tan area table to the small single-unit stores in the same 
State. In both cases, the resulting figures could then be 
added to the known totals for large stores and multiunits 
to obtain estimated totals for the required area. 

The above pertains specifically to the following tables: 
Inventories, table lOF; Employment, table 13D; Credit, 
tables llG and UH; and Merchandise line sales, tables 
D and E in chapters 16 through 24. 

Sampling Reliability of the Estimates 

When the data are estimated from a sample, exact 
agreement with the results that would have been obtained 
from a complete enumeration is not expected. Approxi- 
mate measures of the differences which arise from sam- 
pling in the national estimates of items included in the 
tables in volume II are given below. These measures of 
variability are given separately for each chapter and cover 
the tables included therein. In those instances where 
detailed measures of variability are not given, their 
general relations to other measures of sampling varia- 
bility are stated. Estimates for items in geographic 
division tables are based upon a smaller sani])le than are 
the national estimates. Consequently, they have a 
greater degree of variability. Multiplication factors 
for the sampling variability of these geographic division 
estimates are given in the section "Geographic division 
multl])lication factors," below. The measures of vari- 
ability do not uiclude biases arising from the use of 
different questionnaires, different processing of sam])l(> 
and nonsample reports, differences of response, and in 
nonreporting biases. 



USE OF SAMPLING IN ENUMERATION OF RETAIL STORES 



43 



It should be observed, however, that some of these biases 
can arise w compk'te enumerations when sampling pro 
cedures arc not used. 

Merchandise inventories. — Approximate measures of 
the differences which arise from sampling in the estimates 
of the merchandise inventories at tlie end of 194S, pre- 
sented in tables lOA through lOD, are giveu below. The 
chances are about two out of three that estimated inven- 
tories would differ from the results of a complete enumer- 
ation by less than the percentages shown in the table. 

T.\BLE II. SAMPLINr, V.\R1.\B1UTY MERCHANDISE INVENTORIES 

AT Cost, End of Year — United States 



Kind of business 



Food group; 

Grocery stores, without fresh 

meat 

Grocery stores, with fresh meat... 

Meat market,s, fish martcts 

Meat markets 

Fish (sea toodi markets 

Fruit stores, vesetable markets^.. 
Candy, nut. confectionery stores. 
Dairy products stores, milt deal- 
ers 

Dairy products stores 

Milk dealers -- -- 

Bakery products stores 

Egg, poultry dealers 

All other food stores 

Delicatessen stores 

other food stores. 

Eating and drinking places: 

Eating places 

Restaurants, cafeterias, cater- 
ers 

Lunch counters, refreshment 

stands 

Drinking places 

General stores. 

General merchandise group: 

Department stores - - . . - 

Dry goods, general merchandise 

stores 

Variety stores -- 

Apparel group: 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings 

stores 

Men's, boys' clothing stores. 
Men's, boys' furnishings 

stores 

Family clothing stores 

Women's ready-to-wear stores — 

Millinery stores 

Other apparel accessory, spe- 
cialty stores 

Hosiery stores 

Corset, lingerie stores — 

Apparel accessory, spenialty 

stores 

shoe stores 

Men's shoe stores 

Women's shoe stores — 

Family shoe stores, _ — 

Children's, juveniles' shoe stores 

Custom tailors 

Furriers, fur shops 

AD other apparel stores — 

Children's, infants' wear 

stores.. 

other apparel stores 

Furniture, furnishings, appliance 
group: 

Frimiture stores 

Floor covering, drapery stores — 

Floor covering stores . 

Drapery, curtain, upholstery 

stores 

other home furnishing stores 

China, glassware, metalware 

stores 

Antique stores 

other home furnishing stores. 

Household appliance stores 

Badio stores 



Sampling variability of value of merchandise 
inventories ' 



Total 



(1) 



Percent 
1 

(') 
2 
2 
8 

8 



P) 



In 

stores 

with 

annual 

sales of 

less 

than 

$100,000 



(2) 



Percent 
1 
1 
4 



In 

single- 
unit 
stores 



(3) 



Percent 
1 

2 



In stores with 

legal form of 

organization 



Corpo- 
ration 



(4) 



Percent 
1 

(') 
4 



n 



Non- 
corpo- 
ration 



(5) 



3 

in 
3 



Table II. — SAMPUNn Variability — Merchandise Inventories 
AT Cost, End of Year — United States — Continued 





Sampling variability of value of merchandise 
inventories ' 


Kind of business 


Total 


In 

stores 

with 

annual 

sales of 

less 

than 

$100,000 


In 

single- 
unit 
stores 


In stores with 

legal form of 

organization 




Corpo- 
ration 


Non- 
coriio- 
ration 




0) 


(2) 


(3) 


(4) 


(5) 


Automotive group; 

Motor vehicle (new and used) 


Percent 
V-) 
1 
1 
3 
9 
2 

5 

1 

(') 
I 
2 
1 
2 

2 
9 
1 

1 

1 
1 
2 
3 

4 

7 
1 

7 

1? 
17 
11 
9 

1 

1 
9 
1 
1 
2 
1 
2 
3 
3 
2 
3 
11 
5 
3 
3 
4 
2 
5 
5 
3 

5 
3 


Percent 

3 
2 
6 


Percent 

('■) 

1 

2 

3 


Percent 

(') 

2 

1 

6 


Percent 

(■) 

1 

2 

4 


Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers... 

All other automotive dealers 

Motorcycle dealers 


Aircraft dealers 
































1 
3 


1 

1 


2 

1 


1 


Lumber, building, hardware group: 
Lumber yards, building materials 




Lumber yards 




Building materials dealers 










Plumbing, paint, electrical stores. 
Paint, glass, wallpaper stores. 


2 


2 


2 


2 


Heatingand plumbing equip- 










Electrical supply stores _ 












1 
2 

1 


1 
1 

1 


2 

1 


1 




1 


Drug and proprietary stores: 

Drug stores 


1 






Drug stores, other 












4 


4 


8 


4 


Proprietary stores, with foun- 




Proprietary stores, other 










2 


1 


3 


1 


Second-hand stores: 




Tire, battery, accessory dealers.. . 
















































Other retail stores: 


4 


1 


1 


2 


Fuel dealers, except fuel oil... 














24 
3 


15 
1 


5 

1 


28 


Feed, farm, garden supply stores. 

Hay, grain, feed stores 

Other farm, garden supply stores 


1 










2 
4 


1 
2 


2 

2 


2 




3 
















Sporting goods stores, bicycle stores. 


4 


2 


5 


3 














6 
5 
4 
4 
4 
9 
8 
6 

4 


6 
4 
4 
4 
3 
5 

4 

6 
3 


15 
4 

13 
19 

3 
12 

6 
. 7 

11 
6 


6 




4 


News dealers, newsstands 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores 


4 
3 


Luggage, leather goods stores 


9 


Camera, photographic supply stores. 
Office, store machine and equip- 


5 
6 


All other retail stores, 


4 



■ Data for stores with sales of $100,000 or more and stores of firms having more than 
one store have no sampling variability. 
- Sampling variability is less than ii of 1 percent. 

Estimates for merchandise inventories at the beginning 
of the year are slightly less reliable, in general, than 
those for end-of-year inventories, except for those esti- 
mates (e. g., for stores over $100,000 in sales) which have 
no sampling vaI•iabiIit}^ 

Credit. — Approximate measures of the differences 
which atise from sampling in the United States estimates 
of the cash and credit sales, of balances due, and of the 
number of credit stores are given below. The chances 
are about two out of three that these estimates would 
differ from the results of a complete enumeration by less 
than the percentages shown. 



44 



RETAIL TRADE 



T\BLE III. Sampling Variability — Cash and Credit Sales, Balances Due, and Nvmber of Credit Stores — United States 



Sales 



Balances due 



Kind of business 



0) 

(0 
(') 

(0 



Total, all kinds of business 

Food group .--..----..- 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat 

Grocerv stores, with fresh meat 

Candvl nut. confectionery stores 

Dairy products stores, milk dealers 

All other food stores 

Eating and drinking places 

General stores 

General merchandise group 

Department stores 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores — 
Variety stores 

Apparel group ....-- 

Men's, boys' clothmg. furnishings stores.. 

Family clothing stores 

Women's ready-to-wear stores 

Other apparel accessory, specialty stores. 

Shoe stores 

Custom tailors 

Furriers, fur shops .-- 

All other apparel stores 

Furniture, furnishings, appliance group 

Furniture stores. .- 

Floor covering, drapery stores 

Other home furnishing stores 

Household appliance stores 

Radio stores 

Automotive group 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire. bittiTV. accessory dealers 

AH other automotive dealers 

Gasoline service stations.. 

Lumber, building, hardware group. 

Lumber yards, building materials dealers. 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers 

Drug and 7)roprietary stores 

Other retail stores — --- 

Fuel, fuel oil. ice dealers ---- 

Feed, farm, garden supply stores 

Jewelry stores -- 

Book, stationery stores. - 

Sporting goods stores, bicycle stores 

Florists -- 

Music stores -- 

Optical goods stores.^ — --- - 

Camera, photographic supply stores 

All other retail stores. --- - 



I Sampling variability less than >.5 of 1 percent. 
- Xo sampling variability. 
3 Not shown in table IIA. 

The table above shows the sampUng variability of 
selected columns of table 11 A. The variability of the 
Other columns can be judged by remembering that, 
in general, the variability of a sales estimate is smaller 
than the tomparable estimate for number of stores. 
For example, the variability of the estimate of charge 
account sales by stores, all of wliose credit is charge 
account credit, is smaller than the variability of the 
estimate of the number of those stores. 

The above pertains only to tables UA and llE. 
The folio-wing is pertinent, in general, to the otlier tables 
m chapter 11. In table llB estimates for corpora- 
tions have smaller variability than the comparable 
estimates in table 11 A, while the estimates for non- 



cash 

sales 
by cash 
stores 



(1) 



Percent 
(0 
(0 

1 

(') 



Charge 

account 

sales by 

credit 

stores 

(2) 



Pncent 
0) 
I 
2 
1 
7 
1 
2 
2 
2 



(0 
(=) 



(') 



(') 
(') 



(') 

(') 
(') 



Install- 
ment 

sales by 
credit 
stores 

(3) 



Percent 
0) 

3 

12 
6 



(») 

e) 

(?) 

(>) 
(=) 



(') 



(0 

(')■ 



(») 



On 

charge 

account 

sales 

(4) 



Percent 

(0 



(') 
(0 
(0 



(>) 
(') 



(') 



(0 



On 
install- 
ment 
sales 

(5) 



Percent 
(0 
1 
10 
3 



(') 
(') 



i?) 



(0 



(0 



1.0 



(') 



p) 



Number of stores whose credit 
sales are — 



Only 
charge 
account 



(6) 



Percent 
(') 

1 
1 
1 
10 
3 
3 
3 
2 
3 



(=) 



Only 
install- 
ment 



(7) 



Percent 

1 

10 

23 

15 



(') 
(') 



(') 



(') 



(0 



(») 



Both 

charge • 
account 
and in- 
stallment 

(8) 



(>) 
(') 



(=) 



(0 



(») 



1 
8 
17 

in 



16 



6 
35 
4 

12 
9 
I'l 
,15 
29 

11 

43 

2 

2 

13 

20 

2 

9 

1 

1 

6 

3 

13 

h 

6 

4 



19 
3 
6 
9 
6 
14 
16 



33 
IS 



corporations are slightly higher. Tn table 1 iC, estimates 
for single-unit stores have more variability than the 
comparable estimates in table 11 A; whde estimates for 
multiunit stores have no variability. In table llD, 
estimates for stores with sales of less than $100,000 
have more variability than the comparable estimate 
in table 11 A, while estimates for stores over that size 
have no sampling varialiility. 

Selected types of operation (cooperatives). — Apj)ro.\i- 
mate measures of the diffcicnces wliich arise from 
sampling in the estimates for cooperatives of merchandise 
line sales, merchandise inventories, and credit sales 
presented in this volume are given in tables IV and V 
below. 



USE OF SAMPLING IN ENUMERATION OF RETAIL STORES 



45 



Table IV. — Sampling Variability — Mkrchandise Line Sales 
OF Cooperatives, Selected Kinds of Business — United 

States 



If the kind of business is- 



AU kinds of business 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat 

(Irocery stores, with fresh meat - 

Meat markets 

Fruit stores, vepetable markets 

hairy products stores, milk dealers - - 

l^elicatesson stores 

EatinR places --- 

General stores --- 

Ory goods, general merchandise stores. 

.K pparel group - 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings 

stores - 

Household apiiliance. radio stores 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers.. 

Gasoline service stations.-.. 

Lumber yards, building materials 

dealers. --- 

Hardware stores. 

Farm equipment dealers 

Fuel, fuel oil. ice dealers _ 

Feed, farm, garden supply stores. 

Book, stationery stores 

Optical goods stores — 



And if the merchandise line is handled by 
the following percentage of stores: 



100 



80 



60 



40 



20 



10 



Thei\ the chances are about 2 out of 3 that 
estiniaii'il sales of the merchandise line 
would diller from the results of a complete 
enumeration by less Ihan; 



Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 




cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


f) 


(') 


(') 


(■) 


(') 


('1 


2 


2 


3 


3 


5 


7 


0) 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


3 


4 


fi 


2 


3 


3 


4 


fi 


s 


4 


4 


4 


5 


8 


10 


2 


2 


3 


3 


4 


B 


4 


4 


4 


,1 


8 


10 


1 


•) 


2 


*) 


3 


4 


2 


■> 


2 


3 


4 


.1 


2 


2 


3 


3 


4 


6 


6 


7 


8 


10 


14 


20 


fi 


7 


8 


10 


14 


20 


1 


2 


2 


3 


3 


4 


(') 

I 


(') 

1 


1 

1 


1 
1 


1 
1 


1 
2 


1 


1 


2 


2 


3 


4 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


ti 


7 


8 


10 


14 


20 


(1) 


(') 


(>) 


(•) 


(') 


(') 


4 


4 


5 


6 


9 


12 


16 


17 


20 


25 


35 


49 



Per- 
cent 



14 
S 

14 
6 



29 
29 



3 
29 



C) 



' Sampling variability less than ii of 1 percent. 

The above table shows the samphng variability of 
column 1 of table 12E. Estimates given in columns 2, 
4, and 5 are generally more reliable than those for the 
sales of the merchandise line, column 1. Estimated 
total sales of those handling the merchandise line, column 
•4, are only slightly more reliable; but the percent of 
total sales of the merchandise line, column 2, and the 
ratio of merchandise line sales to the total sales of those 
handling the line, column 5, both have far less sampling 
variability in general than does column 2. 

Table V. — Sampling Variability — Number of Cash and 
Credit Stores, Cash Sales and Credit Sales, and Mer- 
chandise Inventories — Cooperatives — Selected Kinds of 
Business 





Number of stores 
whose sales are — 


Sales 


Mer- 
chan- 
dise 
inven- 
tory, 
Dec. 
31. 
1948 


Kind of business 


Cash 
sales 
only 


Cash 

and 

credit 

sales 


Stores 
^vith 
cash 
sales 
only 


Cash 
sales 
by 
credit 
stores 


Charge 

account 

sales by 

credit 

stores 


United States, total . . 

Grocery stores, with and 
without fresh meat 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber, building, hard- 
ware group.. 

Feed, farm, garden supply 
stores 


Percent 
5 

10 
13 

.30 

9 
10 


Percent 
2 

12 
6 

9 

2 
10 


Percent 
3 

6 

8 

I 

3 
9 


Percent 
1 

9 

5 

4 

1 
6 


Percent 
(0 

3 
2 

5 

(1) 
17 


Percent 
1 

5 
5 

5 

1 


All other retail stores 


6 



1 Sampling variability less than J^:; of 1 percent. 

Table V shows the sampling variability of data in 
selected columns of tables 12F and 12G. The chances 
are about two out of three that these estimates would 
differ from the results of a complete enumeration by 
less than the percentages shown in the table. The 
variability of other columns can be judged by remember- 
ing that, in general, estimates for merchandise inventories 



at the b(»gi!iiiiiit; of the year arc slightly less reliable than 
those for end-of-ycar inventories; that the variability of 
installment sales and of balances due is much greater 
than for charge account sales; and that the variability 
of number and sales for those establishments not ana- 
lyzing sales approximates closely those for stores with 
cash sales only. 

Employment and pay roll. - Approximate measures of 
the differences which arise from sampling in the estimates 
of the weekly pay roll for full workweek employees 
presented in tables i;iA and VMl arc given below. The 
chances are about two out of three that these estimates 
would differ from the results of a complete enumeration 
by less than the percentages shown in the table. 

Table VI. — Sampmnti Variability — Weekly Pay Roll for 
Full Workweek Employees — United States 



Kind of business 



Sampling 
varia- 
bility 



Food group: 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat 

Orocery stores, with fresh meat 

Meat markets, fish markets. 

Fruit stores, vegetable markets 

Candy, nut, confectionery stores 

Dairy products stores, milk dealers. 

Bakery products stores _ 

Egg. poultry dealers 

All other food stores 

Eating and drinking places: 

Eatin g places _.. 

Drinking places 

General stores 

General merchandise group: 

l^cpart men t stores _. 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores 

Variety stores... _ , 

Apparel group: 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores.. 

Family clothing stores 

Women's ready-to-wear stores 

Millinery stores,,. 

Other apparel accessory, specialty stores.. 

Shoe stores 

C ustom tailors 

Furriers , fur shops 

All other apparel stores 

Furniture, fui'uishings, appliance group: 

Furniture stores 

Floor covering, drapery stores 

Other home furnishing stores 

Household appliance stores 

Radio stores _ _ _ 

Automotive gi'oup; 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers., 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

All other automotive dealers 

Gasoline service stations _ 

Lumber, building, hardware group: 

Lumber yards, building materials dealers 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Hardware stores. . _ 

Farm equipment dealers. 

Drug and proprietary stores: 

Drug stores. 

Proprietary stores 

Liquor stores 

Second-hand stores 

Other retail stores: 

Fuel, fuel oil dealers 

Ice dealers 

Feed, farm, garden supply stores 

Jewelry stores 

Book, stationery stores. 

Sporting goods stores, bicycle stores 

Florists 

Cigar stores and stands 

News dealers , newsstands ,.. 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores^ 

M usic stores 

All other retail stores 



Percent 
1 
(') 



(0 



(0 



(■) 



1 Less than }^ of 1 percent. 



Estimates of total weekly pay roll, total employment 
and part-time employment have approximately the 
the same reliability as estimates for full workweek em- 
ployment as given above. 



46 



RETAIL TRADE 



Trucks. — Approximate measures of the dififerences 
which arise from national estimates of total sales of 
stores operating trucks and analyzing them by manufac- 
turers' rating, and number of stores reported as not op- 
erating trucks are given below. The chances are about 
two out of tlu-ee that these estimates would diffc- from 
the results of a complete enumeration by less than the 
percentages showTi. 

Table VII. — Sampling Variability — Trucks, Number and 
Total Sale.s of Stores Operating Trucks, Number of 
Stores Not Operating Trucks 



Kind of business 



Total all kinds of business. 

Food group 

Grocery stores 

Meat markets, fish markets 

Milk dealers 

Bakery products stores --- 

Other "food stores --. 

Eating and drinking places 

General stores 

General merchandise group 

General merchandise, variety stores 

Apparel group 

Furniture, furnishings, appliance group 

Furniture stores 

Floor covering stores 

Other home furnishing stores 

Household appliance stores — 

Radio stores — 

Automotive group - 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers. , 

Other automotive dealers... , 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber, building, hardware group — 

Lumber yards 

Building materials dealers 

Paint, glass, wallpaper stores 

Heating and plumbing equipment dealers, 

electrical supply stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers 

Drug and proprietary stores 

Liquor stores 



Total 
trucks 



Percent 
(') 



Stores analyzing trucks 



Stores operating 
trucks 



Number 



Percent 
(') 
I 
1 
3 
I 
5 
3 
4 
3 
3 
4 
5 
1 
1 
3 
5 
2 
6 
1 
1 
5 
2 
8 
2 
1 
I 
1 
3 

3 
2 
1 
5 
4 



Total 
sales 



Percent 

(') 
1 
1 
2 

(') 
4 



« 



(I) 
(') 



(') 
(') 
(■) 



Niunber 
of stores 
not oper- 
ating 
trucks 



Percent 
(') 
(') 
(') 



U 



(I) 



(I) 



Table VII. — Sampling Variability — Trucks, Number and 
Total Sales of Stores Operating Trucks, Nttmber of 
Stores Not Operating Trucks — Continued 





Total 
trucks 


Stores analyzing trucks 


■ Kind of business 


Stores operating 
trucks 


Number 
of stores 
not oper- 
ating 
trucks 




Number 


Total 
sales 




Percent 

4 
1 
1 
1 
6 
1 
2 
3 
3 


Percm( 
4 
I 
1 
1 
4 
1 
2 
3 
3 


Percent 
5 
1 

1 

(I) 
6 

(') 
I 
3 
1 


Percent 
2 


Otber retail stores 


1 




7 


Fuel oil dealers 


7 




14 


Hay, grain, feed stores 


3 




3 


Florists 


3 




1 







' Sampling variability less than >* of 1 percent. 

The table above shows sampling variability of selected 
columns of table 14 A. The following is pertinent, in gen- 
eral, to the othcT columns in the table. Estimates for ■ 
trucks with manufacturers' rated capacity "Less than 
1)2 tons" have slightly larger variability than comparable 
estimates for all trucks. Estimates for larger rated 
capacities have variability much greater than estimates 
for total trucks. The variability of estimates for total 
sales of stores not operating trucks is of the same general 
magnitude as the variability of comparable estimates for 
total sales of stores operating trucks. Estimates for 
number and total sales of stores not reporting data on 
trucks have somewhat greater variability than com- 
parable estimates for stores reporting and analyzing 
such data. 

Miscellaneous. — Approximate measures of the differr 
ences which arise from sampling in the estimates of 
number of stores, sales, pay roll and personnel of self- 
service retail grocery stores are given in table VIII, 
below. The chances are two out of three that estimates 



Table VIII. — Sampling Variability — Self-Service Grocery Stores, Sales, Pay Roll, Personnel — United States 



Kind of business 



Grocery stores, without fresh meat, total... 

Stores with grocery department self-service, total 

Stores with grocery department not self-service 

Stores not reporting self-service 

Single-unit grocery stores, without fresh meat, total 

Stores with grocery department self-service, total i.. 

Stores with grocery department not self-service 

stores not reporting self-service 

Grocery stores, with fresh meat, total. 

stores with grocery department self-service, total 

Stores with grocery department not self-service 

Stores not reporting self-service 

Single-unit grocery stores, with fresh meat, total 

Stores with grocery department self-service, total 

Stores with grocery department not self-service 

Stores not reporting self-service-- 

I Sampling variability less than W of 1 percent. 



Number of stores 



Total 



Percent 
(') 



(') 



(I) 
(') 



Stores with 

annual sales 

less than 

$100,000 



Percent 
(') 



(0 



(') 
(') 



Total sales 



Total 



(>) 
(') 



(') 



Stores with 

annual sales 

less than 

.$100,000 



Full-time 
employees 



Percent 
I 
3 
1 
2 
1 
4 
1 
2 
(') 



Percent 
1 
2 
2 
3 
2 
4 
3 
3 

(') 

(') 



Total em- 
ployees 



0) 
(') 



Total 
pay roll 



Percent 
1 
1 
1 
3 
2 
4 
3 
3 



(0 
(') 



Unincorporated 
businesses 



Number of 
active 
proprie- 
tors 



Number of 
unpaid 
family 
workers 



Percent 



USE OF SAMPLING IN ENUMERATION OF RETAIL STORES 



47 



for those items would differ from the results of a complete 
enumeration by less than the percentages shown in the 
table. 

Approximate measures of the differences which arise 
from sampling in the estimates of merchandise line sales 
of self-service retail grocery stores presented in column 
I in the "L^'nited States" portion of table 15E are given 
in table IX, below. The estimates of merchandise line 
sales for such stores by geographic division presented 
in the same table are subject to larger sampling varia- 
bility because the sample for each is smaller than the 
national sample. Multiplication factors for geographic 
divisions are given in the section "Geographic division 
multiplication factors," below. 

T.\BLK IX. — S.\MPI,INn V.\RIABII,ITY — SelF-SeRVICE IN GROCERY 

Stores — Merch.indise Line Sales — United States 



Table X. — -Sampung Variability — Sales fob IIesale- 
States — Continued 



-United 



If the kind of business is— 



Grocery stores, without fresh meat: 

Stores analyzing merchandise line 
sales, total 

Stores with self-service grocery de- 
partments analyzing merchan- 
dise line sales 

Grocery stores, with fresh meat: 

Stores analyzing merchandise line 
sales, total --.. 

stores with self-service grocery de- 
partment analyzing merchandise 
line sales. 



And if the merchandise line is handled by 
the following percentage of stores: 



60 



Then the chances are abont 2 out of 3 that 
estimated sales of the merchandise line 
would differ from the results of a complete 
enumeration by less than: 



Per- 
ce nt 
1 


Per- 
cenl 

1 


Per- 
cent 

1 


Per- 
cent 

1 


Per- 
cent 
2 


Per- 
cent 
3 


1 


2 


2 


2 


3 


4 


(') 


(') 


(') 


1 


1 


1 


(') 


(') 


(') 


1 


I 


1 



Per- 
cent 
4 

6 

2 

2 



r Sampling variability is less than ^2 of 1 percent. 

Estimates given in columns 2, 4, or 5 are generally 
more reliable than those for the merchandise line, column 
1. Estimated total sales of those handling the mer- 
chandise line, column 4, are only slightly more reliable; 
but the percent of total sales accounted for by sales of 
the merchandise line, column 2, and the ratio of mer- 
chandise line sales to the total sales of those handling 
the line, column 5, both have far less sampling varia- 
bility in general. 

Approximate measures of the differences which arise 

from sampling in the estimates of sales for resale, number 

of stores reporting sales for resale, and their sales are 

given in table X, beloM'. The chances are about two 

Table X. — Sampling Variability — Sales for Resale — United 

States 



Kind of business 






Total, all kinds of business 

Food group 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat- 
Grocery stores, with fresh meat 

Meat markets 

Fish (seafood) markets 

Fruit stores, vegetable markets 

Candy, nut, confectionery stores... 

Dairy products stores.. 

Milk dealers. 



Per- 
cent 
1 
1 
5 
2 
6 
14 
13 
13 
24 
3 



N' umber 




Total sales 


x: i: 


♦* bA 


S£ 


JZ *? 


+j b£ 




O C 




O c 


*§ 




^a 


== o 




S"? 


f aS 




S "1 


^ c3 a-' 


oat 


2§g 


?M 


5 = 2: 


fgg 


CO 


CO 


m 




Oj 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 




1 


(') 


0) 


I 




2 


1 


(') 


2 




4 


39 


1 


5 




4 


1 


(I) 


4 




10 


3 


1 


10 




22 


12 


4 


21 




12 


10 


2 


17 




8 


8 


1 


11 


3 


16 


9 


2 


14 


5 


132 


1 


1 


14 



Per- 
cent 
(') 
1 
4 
1 
3 
13 
12 
6 



Kiiiii (if bnsiru'ss 



Foodfiroiip- Continued 

B:ikcry prociufts stores. 

Erc. poultry dealers. ,_ 

Delicati'ssi'ii stores 

Othor fmiii slnres- 

Eatins find drinking places 

Restaurants, cafeterias, caterers 

Lunch counters, refreshment 

stand s --- 

Drinking places 

Ocnoral stores - - - 

r.eneral merchandise proup 

Department stores --- 

Dry goods, general merchandise 

stores --- 

Variety stores 

Apparel group 

Men's, boys' clothing stores. 

Men's, boys' furnisbings stores 

Family clothing stores. 

Women's ready-to-wear stores 

Millinery stores - . 

Hosiery stores 

Corset, lingerie stores 

Appare! accessory, specialty stores 

Men's shoe stores 

Women's shoe stores --. 

Family shoe stores 

Children's, juveniles' shoe stores... 

Custom tailors - 

Furrier, fur sliops.- 

Children's, infants' wear stores 

Other apparel stores., - 

Furniture, furnishings, appliance group. 

Furniture stores 

Floor covering stores 

Drapery, curtain, upholstery stores 
China, glassware, metal ware stores . 

Antique stores 

Other home furnishing stores 

Household appliance stores 

Radio stores 

Automotive group 

Motor vehicle (new and used) 

dealers -- -- 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

Motorcycle dealers. _ - 

Aircraft dealers 

Boat dealers 

Other automotive dealers 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber, building, hardware group 

Lumber yards , 

Buildingmaterials dealers 

Paint, glass, wallpaper stores 

Heating and plumbing equipment 

dealers 

Electrical supply stores . 

Hardware stores . . 

Farm equipment dealers 

Drug and proprietary stores. 

Drug stores, with fountain 

Drug stores, other.. 

Proprietary stores, with fountain __ 
Proprietary stores, other 

Liquor stores 

Second-hand stores 

Furniture stores 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

Clothing, shoe stores 

Book stores - 

Pawn shops 

Other second-hand stores.. - 

Other retail stores . . 

Fuel dealers, except fuel oil 

Fuel oil dealers. _ - 

Ice dealers -. 

Hay, grain, feed stores 

Other farm, garden supply stores. . 

Jewelry stores 

Book stores . _ 

Stationery stores 

Sporting goods stores . .- -- 

Bicycle stores 

Florists - 

Cigar stores and stands. 

News dealers, newsstands. 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores 

Music stores 

Luggage, leather goods stores 

Optica! goods stores 

Camera, photographic supply 

stores - 

Office, store machine and equip- 
ment dealers .- 

All other retail stores.- 



Number 



t OS OS 
O tfl « 



Per- 
cent 
6 
12 

78 
9 
6 

7 

6 
11 
6 
4 



6 
13 
4 
4 
10 
10 
II. 
41 
20 
183 
22 
46 
15 
14 



ocS 



Per- 
cent 
1 
2 
2 
7 
(') 
(') 

('! 

(') 

1 

(') 



1 

(■> 
(') 

2 
2 
1 
(0 
1 

7 
5 
4 
4 
4 
1 
15 
1 
3 
2 
9 
(') 
1 
4 
5 

76 
5 
4 
1 
2 
1 

1 

1 

2 

8 

23 

10 

6 

(') 

1 

1 

4 



1 
1 

(') 
1 
2 
3 
5 

(') 
1 
4 
b 
5 
21 
9 
7 

(') 
1 
4 
3 
1 
5 
1 
5 
3 
2 
8 
I 
1 
I 
10 
1 
3 
2 



3 Qrt 



Per- 
cent 
10 
18 
17 
36 
2 
2 

2 
4 

Ifi 
10 



36 
63 
16 
109 
8 
13 
29 
35 
32 
40 
20 
16 
23 
6 

6 

13 

13 

179 



132 
32 
2 
7 
27 
20 
14 

7] 
39 
13 
14 
10 
14 
23 
21 
44 
II 

n 

4 
32 

18 



308 
25 
5 
29 
47 
33 
14 
46 
14 
28 
41 
18 
89 
16 
13 
16 
14 
24 
71 
91 



Total sales 



Per- 
cent 
6 
10 

67 
6 
4 
4 

7 
12 
4 
(') 



2 

10 

2 

3 

7 

2 

3 

39 

18 

131 

21 



19 

6 

27 

26 

1 

1 

4 

13 

10 

8 

10 

2 

4 

(■) 

(') 
1 
1 
11 
4 
6 
6 
3 

(') 

(') 
I 
3 

4 

12 

1 

1 

3 

4 

4 

24 

25 

C) 

7 

16 

9 

54 

32 

18 

12 

12 
2 
13 

3 
3 
3 
4 
5 
2 
7 
6 
22 
14 
5 
14 
17 



Per- 
cent 
2 

3 
1 
2 

(') 
1 

1 
1 
1 

(') 



1 

2 

'i 

4 
5 
3 
2 
1 
I 
13 
3 
2 
3 

g 

(') 
(') 

3 

4 
4 
7 
3 
1 
2 
1 

2 
1 
2 
9 
3 
8 
4 
1 
(') 

C) 
I 

3 

3 
8 
I 
1 
1 
1 
2 
4 

48 
1 
3 
6 

10 
6 

19 

12 
6 
(') 
1 
2 
5 
1 
2 
1 
2 
3 
3 

11 
2 
2 
3 
3 
2 
4 
4 



Per- 
cent 
II 
19 

(') 
36 
2 
3 

3 

4 

2(1 

5 



Per- 
cent 
7 
9 

27 
9 
6 
4 

6 
14 
3 
2 



5 
15 

6 
13 
26 
17 

8 
28 
25 
68 
73 
60 
35 
21 



46 
47 
21 

100 
6 
92 
22 
41 
23 
M) 
26 
12 
18 
2 

1 

6 

11 

231 



101 
3 
3 
5 

13 
8 

17 

32 
32 
13 
78 
93 
11 
21 
26 
55 
9 
16 
24 
46 
30 



499 
34 

6 
0) 

7 
65 

8 
31 
16 

3 
30 
21 
120 
21 
16 
19 
20 
19 
76 
42 



3 

24 

3 

4 

8 

6 

3 

36 

45 

309 

39 

8 

22 

20 



15 
8 
19 
4 
2 
3 
5 
21 
42 
13 
15 
2 






(I) 



4 

12 
3 
1 
4 
5 
6 
3 
37 



(') 



8 
10 

n 

62 

36 

22 

13 

1 

2 

1 

8 

1 

3 

4 

2 

10 

7 

34 

9 



(') 



23 
2 
7 
23 
18 

5 

13 



I Sampling variability less than M of 1 percent. 



48 



RETAIL TRADE 



out of three that estimates for these items would differ 
from the results of a complete enumeration by less than 
the percentage shown in the table. 

Merchandise line sales. — The series of tables which 
follow give approximate measures of the differences 
which arise from sampling in the estimates of the mer- 
chandise line sales presented in columns 1 of tables titled 
"Merchandise Line Sales . . . United States, by 
Kind of Business: 1948," e. g., tables 16A, 17A, through 
24A. Tables 16B, 17B, tlu-ough 24B are geographic 
division tables, which have smaller samples and are 
therefore subject to greater variability. Multiplication 
factors for geographic divisions are given in the section 
"Geographic division multiplication factors," below. 



Table 



XI. — Samplint, Variability — Merchandise 
Sales — Food Group — United States 



Line 



If the kind of business is — 



Grocery stores, without fresh meat 

Grocery stores, with fresh meat 

Meat markets 

Fish (sea food) marl5ets._ 

Fruit stores, vegetable markets 

Candy, nut, confectionery stores. . 

Dairy products stores 

Milk dealers 

Bakery products stores 

EgK, poultry dealers 

Delicatessen stores 



And if the merchandise line is handled 
the following percentage of stores: 



by 



80 



I 



I 



Then the chances are about 2 out of 3 that 
estimated sales of the merchandise line 
would differ from the results of a complete 
enumeration by less than: 



Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


1 


I 


1 


1 


2 


3 


0) 


(>) 


(■) 


I 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


3 


4 


5 


.1 


5 


6 


7 


11 


15 


;< 


4 


4 


5 


8 


11 


2 


2 


3 


3 


5 


T 


2 


3 


3 


4 


6 


9 


1 


1 


I 


1 


2 


2 


2 


2 


3 


4 


.5 


8 


.3 


4 


5 


6 


9 


13 


4 


5 


6 


7 


11 


13 



Per- 
cent 



21 
16 
10 
•12 
3 
11 
17 
21 



' Sampling variability is less than Yi of 1 percent. 

Table XII. — Sampling Variability — Merchandise Line 
Sales — Eating and Drinking Places — United States 





And 


if the merchandise line is 


handled by 




the following percentage of stores: 




100 


SO 


CO 


40 


20 


10 


5 


rr the kind of business is— 


















Then the chances are about 2 out of 3 that 




estimated sales of the merchandise line 




would (JilTer from the results nf a complete 




enumeration by less than: 




Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 




cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


Restaurants, cafeterias. _ 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


3 


4 


Caterers 


li 


7 


8 


9 


13 


19 


20 


Restaurants, cafeterias, caterers 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


3 


4 


Lunch counters, refreshment stands.... 


2 


2 


2 


3 


4 


5 


7 


Drinking places. 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


3 


h 



Table XIII. — Sampling Variability — Merchandise Line 
Sale.s — General Merchandise Group, General Stores — 
United States 





And if the merchandise line is handled by 
the following percentage of stores: 


If the kind of business is — 


100 


80 


60 


40 


20 


10 


S 




Then the chances are about 2 out of 3 that 
estimated sales of the merchandise line 
would dilTer from the results of a complete 
enumeration by less than: 




Per- 
cent 


Per-. 

cent 


Per- 
cent 


Per- 
cent 


Per- 
cent 


Per- 
cent 


Per- 
cent 


Dry goods, general merchandise stores.. 

Variety stores _ 

General stores 


1 
(') 

1 


I 
1 
2 


1 
1 
2 


1 
1 
3 


2 
1 
4 


I 
6 


3 
2 

g 







' No sampling variability. 

2 Sampling variability is less than J^ of 1 percent. 



Table XIV. — Sampling Variability — Merchandise Line 
Sales — Appakel Group — United States 



If the kind of business is- 



Men's, boys' clothing stores 

Men's, boys' furnishings stores 

Family clothing stores... 

Women's ready-to-wear stores 

Mill inery stores 

Hosiery stores 

Corset, lingerie stores 

Apparel accessory, specialty stores 

Men's shoe stores 

AVomen's shoe stores. 

Family shoe stores 

C ustom tailors 

Furriers, fur shops 

Children's, infants' wear stores 



And if the merchandise line is handled by 
the following percentage of stores: 



80 


M 


40 


20 


10 



Then the chances are about 2 out of 3 that 
estimated sales of the merchandise line 
would dilTer from the results of a complete 
enumeration by less than: 



Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


I 


1 


1 


2 


2 


3 


2 


2 


3 


4 


5 


t 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


3 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


2 


4 


5 


6 


7 


10 


15 


4 


5 


6 


7 


10 


14 


fi 


7 


8 


10 


15 


21 


4 


4 


5 


6 


9 


12 


2 


2 


3 


3 


4 


fi 


2 


2 


2 


3 


4 


5 


1 


2 


2 


2 


4 


5 


4 


5 


fi 


8 


11 


If. 


2 


3 


4 


5 


7 


10 


3 


4 


5 


6 


9 


13 



Per- 
cent 

10 

4 

3 

21 

20 

:iO 

17 

9 

8 
23 
15 
19 



Table XV. — Sampling Variability — Merchandise Line 
Sales — Furniture, Furnishings, Appliance Group- — United 

States 



If the kind of business is- 



Furtiiture stores 

Floor covering stores. - 

Drapery, curtain, upholstery stores 
China, glassware, metalware stores- 
Antique stores 

other home furnishing stores 

Household appliance stores 

Radio stores 



And if the merchandise line is handled by 
the following percentage of stores; 



Then the chances are about 2 out of 3 that 
estimated sales of the merchandise line 
would differ from the results of a complete 
enumeration by less than: 



Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


1 


I 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


3 


3 


4 


6 


8 


4 


5 


6 


8 


11 


IG 


4 


5 


.■i 


/ 


10 


14 


7 


8 


9 


11 


lli 


23 


3 


4 


5 


6 


8 


12 


1 


1 


I 


2 


2 


3 


2 


2 


3 


4 


« 


8 



Per- 
cent 
3 
12 
22 
19 
32 
11) 
6 
11 



USE OF SAMPLING IN ENUMERATION OF RETAIL STORES 



49 



Table XVI. — SAMrLmti Variability — Meuchandisk Link 
Sales — Automotive Group and Gasoline Service Sta- 
tions — United States 



And if the merchandise line is handled by 
the following percentage of stores: 



1 ABLE 

Sales- 



XIX. — Samplinc, Variability — Merchandise Line 
— Miscellaneous Kinds of Business — United States 



If the kind of business is- 



Motor vehicle (new and used) tlealers- 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers- 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

Motorcycle dealers-. 

Aircraft dealers 

Boat dealers _ 

Other automotive dealers .,- 

tJosoline service stations 



80 


liU 


40 


20 



Then tho i-h;iiuvs uiv ahoiU 2 out of 3 that 
t'stimali'd sales of tlu' nu'rcliandiso lino 
would dillVr from the results of a complete 
enumeration by less than: 



Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


I 


1 


(') 

1 


! 


C) 
2 


2 


1 


1 


2 


2 


3 


4 


HI 


11 


13 


16 


2i 


32 


B 


7 


8 


» 


13 


19 


6 


7 


8 


10 


15 


21 


3 


4 


5 


6 


8 


12 


1 


I 


1 


1 


2 


3 



Per- 
cent 
1 
3 
(i 
45 
26 
29 
17 
4 



' Sampling variability is less than \^ of 1 percent. 

Table XVII. — Samplinc, Variability — Merchandise Line 
Sales — Lumber, Buildinc, Hardware Group — LTnited 
States 



If the kind of business is- 



Lumber yards 

Building materials dealers 

Paint, glass, wallpaper stores 

Healing and plumbing equipment 

dealers 

Klectrical supply stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers. 



And if the merchandise line is handled by 
the following percentage of stores: 



20 



Then the chances are about 2 out of 3 that 
estimated sales of the merchandise line 
would ditTer from the results of a complete 
enumeration by less than: 



Per- 
cent 
(') 
1 



Per- 
cent 
(■) 
1 
3 



Per- 
cent 
(') 
1 
3 

3 
9 
1 
1 



Per- 
cent 
1 
2 
4 

4 
II 
2 
1 



Per- 
cent 
1 
3 



Per- 
cent 



Per- 
cent 
2 

.■i 
12 

12 

31 

.■) 

4 



' Sampling variability is less than \i of 1 percent. 

Table XVIII. — Sampling Variability — Merchandise Line 
Sales — DRun and Proprietary Stores — United States 





And if the merchandise line is handled by 
the following percentage of stores: 


If the kind of business is— 


100 


80 / 60 


40 


20 


10 


5 




Then the chances are about 2 out of 3 that 
estimated sales of the merchandise line 
would differ from the results of a complete 
enumeration by less than: 


Drug stores, with fountain 


Per- 
cent 

1 
2 
5 
7 


Per- 
cent 
1 
2 
5 
7 


Per- 
cent 
I 
2 
6 
9 


Per- 
cent 
2 
3 
8 

a 


Per- 
cent 
2 
4 
12 
15 


Per- 
cent 
3 
6 
17 
22 


Per- 
cent 






Proprietary stores, with foimtain _. 


24 







If Ilk' kind of tiusiiioss is- 



Liquor stores 

Second-hand stores. 

Furniture stores 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

Clothing, shoe stores 

Book stores 

Pawn shops 

Other reatil stores: 

Fuel dealers, except fuel oil 

Fuel oil dealers 

Ice dealers 

Hay, grain, feed stores 

Other farm, garden supply stores, . 

Jewelry stores _ 

Book stores 

Stationery stores 

Sporting goods stores 

B icy cle stores 

Florists 

Cigar stores and stands 

News dealers, newsstands 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores 

Music stores _ _ 

Luggage, leather goods stores 

Optical goods stores . _ 

Camera, photographic supply 
stores 

Office, store machine and equip- 
ment dealers __ , 



And if the merchandise line is handled by 
the following percentage of stores: 



80 



60 



20 



I 



Then the chances are about 2 out of 3 that 
estiiiiiUed Sides of the nierehimdise line 
would dilVei from the results of a complete 
enumeration by less than: 



Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


Per- 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


cent 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


3 


6 


7 


8 


10 


14 


21 


!) 


10 


12 


15 


21 


30 


H 


8 


HI 


12 


17 


24 


21 


23 


27 


33 


46 


66 


13 


14 


17 


21 


29 


41 


1 


1 


1 


2 


2 


3 


I 


1 


2 


2 


3 


4 


5 


I'j 


/ 


8 


12 


17 


1 


1 


1 


1 


1 


9 


2 


2 


3 


3 


5 


7 


1 


1 


o 


2 


3 


5 


2 


2 


3 


3 


5 


7 


3 


3 


4 


5 


7 


9 


3 


3 


4 


5 


7 


U 


11) 


12 


14 


17 


24 


34 


3 


3 


4 


5 


i 


11 


2 


2 


3 


3 


F, 


7 


4 


4 


5 


i 


10 


14 


4 


,'i 


6 


7 


10 


15 


2 


2 


3 


4 


6 


8 


5 


6 


7 


10 


14 


21 


4 


5 


6 


8 


12 


18 


3 


3 


4 


5 


8 


" 





8 


9 


12 


18 


27 



Per- 
cent 



29 
42 
36 
92 
58 



3 
9 

9 
13 
15 
48 
16 
10 
20 
22 
12 
30 
25 



Estimates given in columns 2, 4, or 5 of the merchan- 
dise hne A-tables and B-tables arc generally more reliable 
than those for the sales of the merchandise line. Esti- 
mated total sales of those handling the merchandise 
line, column 4, are slightly more reliable; but the per- 
cent of total sales accounted for by the sales of the 
merchandise line, column 2, and the ratio of merchanilise 
line sales to the total sales of those handling the line, 
column 5, both have far less sampling variability in 
general. 

Geographic division multiplication factors. — The esti- 
mates presented in the tables in volume II on a sample 
basis for geographic divisions are subject to larger 
sampling variability than the United States estimates 
because the sample for each is smaller than the national 
sample. Table XX, be'ow, shows how many times 
larger is the sampling variability for each division as 
compared with that of the Nation. 



50 



RETAIL TRADE 



Table XX.- 



- Multiplication Factors for Sampling Varia- 
bility — Geographic Divisions 



Geographic division 



New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central. 
West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central. 
West South Central. 

Mountain 

Pacific 



Refer to the 

sampling varia- 
bility for the 
United States 
and multiply 
by— 



4.0 
2.1 
2.3 
3.2 
2.8 
3.8 
3.2 
5.7 
3.4 



Thus, to obtain the appx-oximate sampUng variability 
of an estimate for a particular geographic division, 
reference is fu'st made to the table showing the sampling 
variability at the national level for the item estimated. 
The variability at the regional level is obtained by multi- 
plying this national level figure by the appropriate factor 
from the table above. This procedure is illustrated in 
the section immediately following. 

Example of how to use the tables. — The use of sam- 
pling variability tables given above is illustrated below 
in two examples: 

1. Merchandise line tables. — Data in tables 16A and 16B of 
volume II indicate that estimated sales of fresh fruits and vege- 
tables by "Grocery stores, without fresh meat" amounted to 



$345,640,000 for the United States and $102,735,000 for the 
Middle Atlantic Division. To obtain the sampling variability 
of these figures, reference is first made to column 3 of table 16 A. 
This shows that this merchandise line is handled by 59,485 of the 
152,185 stores or by 39 percent of the stores analyzing sales. 
Turning to table XI, above, and referring to the line for "Grocery 
stores, without fresh meat" and the column headed 40 percent, a 
sampling variability of approximately 1 percent is found. 
This is the guide to the sampling variability for the national 
figure. Since, as indicated above, the multiplication factor for 
the Middle Atlantic Division is 2.1, the sampling variability is 
slightly more than twice as large. Thus, in this illustration, the 
chances are two out of three that the estimates of sales of fresh 
fruits and vegetables by "Grocery stores, without fresh meat" 
would be different because of sampling from the results of a 
complete enumeration by about 1 percent at the national level 
and 2 percent for the Middle Atlantic Division. 

2. Other tables. — Data in tables lOA and lOB indicate that esti- 
mated merchandise inventories at the end of 1948 held by "Wom- 
en's ready-to-wear stores" amounted to $413,787,000 for the 
United States and $103,705,000 for the Middle Atlantic Division. 
To obtain the approximate sampling variabihty of the.se two 
figures one turns to table II, above, and refers to the line for 
"Women's ready-to-wear." In column 1 a sampling variability 
of 1 percent is found. This is the guide to the sampling variability 
for the national figure. Since the multiplication factor for the 
Middle Atlantic Division is 2.1, the sampling variability for that 
division is more than twice as large. Thus, in this illustration, 
the chances are two out of three that the estimates of merchandise 
inventories held by "Women's ready-to-wear stores" at the year 
end would be different because of sampling from the results of a 
complete enumeration, by about 1 percent at the national level 
and 2 percent for the Middle Atlantic Division. 



LIST OF CORRECTIONS 



This volume has been prepared primarily by assem- 
bling and lniuliti<r tlio statistical portions of previously 
issued Subject Bulletins together with additional chap- 
ters covering other phases of Retail Trade which were not 
issued in bulletin form. This publication plan was 
adopted to conserve public funds and expedite the is- 
suance of the volume. It was found desirable to i-eprint 



completely the following Subject Bulletins for volume 
pul)lication: United vStat(>s Summary; Sales Size; Single 
Units and Multiunits; and Warehouses, Other Auxiliary 
Units. In some instances, therefore, data will differ 
from that shown in the bulletins as originally issued. 
The corrections appearing below repr(>sent revisions made 
after volume copy was returned from the printer. 



"Line" and "Column" indicate the position of the item on a page. Thus "line 10" means the tenth line from the top of the table stub, counting every line on which printing appears 
regardless of presence of entries in field. "Column 5" means fifth column from the left, not counting the stub column] 



Chapter 


Page 


Table 
No. 


Line 
No. 


Item 


Column 


Change from— 


To— 


I' nited States Summary 


1.39 

4.48 

4.48 

4.48 

4.48 

4.48 

4. l.'-g 

6.105.... 
6,153.... 


lO 

4C 

4C 

4C 

40 

40 

40 

6D 

8D 


*FootnOtft Revise to read- *See nftffe.'^? for definitions nf. 


Standard ^ 

11 

13 

14 

13 

14.. 


letropolitan .\reas. 

Illegible 

do - 

fvl 1 




Employee Size. 


2... 

2 

2 

3. 

3 




181 




do 

do 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat 

do 


954 

777 

59 

36 


Do 


61 

stub.... 
stub 








Delete "Drug and Proprietary Stores— Continued," appearing above "Liquor stores." 




Do 










' 





51 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



CONTENTS 

Table Page 

lA Retail S-tores, Warehouses, and Administrative Offices — United States, by kind of 

business, 1943: Establishments, sales, payroll, and personnel 1.02 

IB Retail Stores, Warehouses, and Administrative Offices — Geographic division and State, 

194-8: Establishments, sales, pay roll, and personnel 1.03 

IC Retail Stores— United States, by kind of business, 1948, 1939, and 1929: Stores, sales, 

pay roll, and personnel 1.04 

ID Retail Stores—Geographic division and State, 1948, 1939, and 1929: Stores, sales, 

pay roll, and personnel 1.06 

IE Retail Stores — Geographic division, by kind of business, 1948: Stores, sales, pay roll, 

and personnel 1.07 

New England 1.07 West North Central 1.10 West South Central 1.13 

Middle Atlantic 1.08 South Atlantic 1.11 Mountain 1.14 

East North Central 1.09 East South Central 1.12 Pacific 1.15 

IF Retail Stores — Kind of business, by geographic division and State, 1948: Stores and 

sales ~ i -i^ 

IG Retail Stores — Kind of business, by standard metropolitan area, 1948: Stores and sales.. 1.26 

IH Retail Stores, 1948 — Standard metropolitan areas ranked by 1948 sales volume: Sales, 

stores, and population 1.40 

IJ Retail Stores, 1948 and 1939— Cities with 25,000 inhabitants or more, ranked by 1948 

sales volvune: Sales, stores, and population 1.42 

IK Retail Stores, 1948 and 1939— Cities with 10,000 to 24,999 inhabitants: Sales, stores, 

and population 1 •'+° 

P. 0. - 30 - F. 0. 1-01 



1.02 



RETAIL TRADJi— GENERAL STATISTICS 



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RETAIL TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



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UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1.07 



sis 
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UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1.09 



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1.10 



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1.12 



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1.16 



RETAIL TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 






Hi 



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p- m in p- nj 
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2 



lilsl-ffl -i _ 







UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1.17 







CO ^- (^ a- ^o o 

(^ fM ri f\j —t r- 
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vO fv ry oj p- r- 



lA TO ^ 

rj ^ CO 

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o >r ? « 



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TO rvj r^ 
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r- sD iH TO lA TO r 
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r- C- O 1^ rH >} t 



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1.18 



RETAIL TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



.0 ri 



2 ;?i 



>D o c^ (^ r- 
O f>j in t? N 
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r-i lO O' >r -o 

t- £-- »A O O 

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o c- o -J 
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vO ^ O cy 
tn o^ ■-< o 
— -* vO f>J 



o o m r- 

>r o^ lA c-> 
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tfS O r^ <^ >0 CO c 



^ 



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2*0 ^O -^ 



ja s 



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53 3 



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t^ <?• CO CD 

a> .-t CO (n 
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r-lr^^yoo^CO•Cli^ 









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rH (N -X) 



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r^ O^ r-1 CM r^ 00 D- 



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co-irHiniOiri-Jco 



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r-comoeo-^Ory 






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11 

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f- m >i -.f ^ 
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sO r- ry o SI 
fM sO >t t^ - 
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e gi 



m (n F- 





UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1.19 



■s 1^ 



r^ 00 O -n (^ lA 

f- irx ■-< ir\ »f\ ff' 
f-< •O ■* — < <A (»\ 



^ lA c5 



lO vA -^ (*i f- eg -sj 






Hi 

to 'S 



M <N <>* t^ c^ r^ 



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t o> o^ ^ ^o tn o 



»A f^ "O C»\ \0 lA r 



1^ 



§ 1-= 



f^ >J o 

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c^ to O 



sO ,^ OS 

<p in s 



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«o M n r 



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r- n rH 



lA QO (A O tfN d> >0 



\ fV <M K »H -* V 



■X> t^ sO -< 

r^ ^ oj ^ 
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•^ t^ Ui f\ Q 
0> r-l nj Q *0 

■>I 00 -J "iO nj 



O^ (M o i-« nj 
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r* m <j> -1 Aj 



to rtO' 



I ^i 



00 t^ (^ 
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\0 1^ «0 M Q 

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1.20 



RETAIL TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



s.S li 



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to CS 



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1.21 




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1.22 



RETAIL TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 




UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1.23 



Id' 



J 

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kl 



16^ 



II 






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RETAIL TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 






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sss^"-3s^"'°"s "ssssssiss -"'ssaissiJ-'s "sas'-ssiSS'" ^ssmsssa-^s sass5'~3-°ss s^ssaa 

gggsgssagg su^^m^ gSlsiSISSf gS§3§ssi8" SaSSsa^aSS ssS^gSs^H sssSSS 

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UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1.37 



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1.38 



RETAIL TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



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UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1.39 



S ?s 5SS-sHsS SIH5 § 3 I 3Sg~g°„ Ig^gj^ggs S§£:J^^,:^;y 3§SSSJ„s aj S§„„ psSSS_ 



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1.40 



RETAIL TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table IH.— RETAIL STORES: 1 948— STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS RANKED tiY 1948 SALES VOLUME 

Sales, Stores, and Population 



Metropolitan area 



The mctropoUtan area 



Sales, entire year 



Rank 



Amount 

(Thousand 

dolldri) 



Stores 
dumber) 



Population. WSO" 



Inhabitants 
(>{umbtr) 



Per capita sales' 
(Dollurs) 



Central cities^ 



Stores 
Wumber) 



Sales, entire 

year 

(TTiousiiTid 

dolldrj) 



Population. 
195# 



Pa capita sales' 
(DolUrs) 



United States^ total 

Total, W? areas 

Percent of United Stales total 

New York-Northeastem New Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia , Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

San Francisco-Oakland, Calif 

Boston, Mass 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Washington, D. C 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn 

Baltimore, Md 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Kansas City, Ho 

Milwaukee, Wis 

Cincinnati , Ohio 

Houston , Tex 

Portland, Oreg 

Seattle, Wash 

Dallas, Tex 

Atlanta, Ga 

Providence, R. I 

Indianapolis , Ind 

Denver, Colo 

Miami, Fla 

Albany-Schenectady-Troy, N. Y 

New Orleans , La 

Louisville, Ky 

San Diego, Calif 

Columbus , Ohio 

Rochester, N. Y 

Memphis, Term 

Youngstown, Ohio 

Dayton, Ohio 

Toledo, Ohio 

Birmingham, Ala 

Akron, Ohio 

Fort Worth, Tex 

Allentown-Bethlehem-Easton, Pa 

Hartford, Conn 

San Antonio, Tex 

Springfield-Holyoke, Mass 

Omaha, Nebr 

Tamp8-St. Petersburg, Fla 

Syracuse, N. Y 

Norfolk-Portsmouth, Va 

Richmond , Va 

Oklahoma City, Okla 

Phoenix, Ariz 

Wilkes-Barre — Hazleton, Pa 

Sacramento, Calif 

Grand Rapids, Mich 

Fresno, Calif 

San Jose, Calif 

Nashville, Term 

Wilmington, Del 

Jacksonville , Fla 

Wheeling, W. Va.-Steubenville, Ohio 

Canton, Ohio 

Des Moines, Iowa 

Salt Lake City, Utah 

Bridgeport, Coim 

Harrlaburg, Pa 

Worcester, Mass 

New Haven, Conn 

Charleston, W. Va 

Utica-Rome, N. Y 

Tulsa, Okla 

Knoxville, Tenn 

Davenport, lo-wa-Rock Island-Mollne, 111 

Flint, Hlch 

San Bernardino, Calif 

Trenton, N. J 

Peoria, 111 

Duluth, Minn. -Superior, wis 

Reading, Pa 

Wichita , Kans 

Spokane , Wash 

Taccnia, Wash 

See footnotes at end of table. 



130,520, 5ia 



80,898,778 
62.0 



12,652,07i 
5,989,723 
4,721, 241 
3,345,506 
3,014,275 

2,366,588 
2,261,260 
1,985,201 
1,567,167 
1,523,834 

1,485,845 
1,263,527 
1,227,103 
1,027,223 
990,626 

926,279 
879,847 
818,603 
772,318 
753,744 

704,804 
675,307 
671,380 
627,565 
594,701 

581,134 
562,302 
553,211 
517,109 
507,440 

506,564 
491,277 
485,432 
468,623 
446,616 

442,946 
441,752 
403,116 
402,391 
401,807 

396,377 
392,717 
389,191 
383,009 
364,475 

353,617 
347,279 
339,794 
317,913 
311,336 

305,435 
297,303 
296,140 
285,519 
279,967 

278,083 
276,834 
272,034 
268,024 
268,010 

267,871 
267,573 
266,455 
265,132 
265,030 

262 ,070 
259,302 
258,150 
254,405 
250,505 

246,739 
246,724 
246,338 
242,259 
242,133 

238,859 
230,547 
225,074 
223,147 
218,285 



932,124 
52.7 



171,105 
62,030 
49,133 
45,508 
28,189 

25,069 
24,417 
23,341 
19,843 
15,630 

10,171 
10,227 
15,342 
14,252 
8,962 

9,792 
10,114 
8,018 
7,382 
7,862 

5,986 
5,792 
9,390 
5,294 
5,422 

6,799 
6,763 
7,750 
5,727 
5,711 

4,700 
5,472 
4,153 
5,383 
3,962 

4,170 
5,157 
3,884 
3,873 
5,972 

3,924 
5,038 
4,780 
3,530 
5,193 

3,787 
4,216 
3,153 
3,539 
3,472 

6,350 
2,921 
3,051 
3,218 
2,840 

3,032 
3,382 
3,153 
4,193 
3,054 

2,337 
2,433 
3,318 
3,650 
3,058 

3,833 
3,286 
4,078 
2,677 
3,012 

2,632 
2,794 
3,581 
3,194 
2,613 

3,r9i 

3,741 
2,414 
2,173 
2,612 



150,555,592 



81,929,969 
54.4 



12,831,914 
5,475,535 
4,339,225 
3,660,676 
2,973,019 

2,214,249 
2,354,507 
2,205,544 
1,673,467 
1,453,556 

1,457,601 
1,107,366 
1,320,754 
1,085,606 
808,231 

863,937 
898,031 
802,102 
701,202 
726,464 

610,852 
664,033 
732,851 
549,047 
560,361 

488,689 
512,527 
681,037 
574,474 
535,967 

501,882 
484,877 
480,161 
526,599 
453,181 

392,626 
554,186 
407,981 
359,246 
434,857 

356,080 
496,090 
406,500 
362,203 
406,175 

340,875 
409,545 
326,863 
322,520 
329,266 

391,226 
275,659 
287,020 
274,225 
288,938 

320,388 
267,220 
302,711 
352,924 
282,060 

224,920 
274,208 
258,361 
291,119 
273,949 

262,196 
319,277 
283,602 
248,658 
335,664 

233,012 
270,034 
280,252 
229,412 
249,918 

251,658 
254,942 
220,213 
220,149 
275,802 



987 
n.a. 



986 
1,094 
1,088 

914 
1,014 

1,069 
960 
900 
936 

1,048 

1,019 

1,141 

929 

946 

1,226 

1,072 
980 
1,021 
1,101 
1,038 

1,154 

1,017 

916 

1,143 

1,061 

1,189 

1,097 

812 

900 

947 

1,009 

1,013 

1,011 

890 



1,128 
797 
988 

1,120 
924 

1,113 
792 
957 

1,057 
897 

1,037 
848 

1,040 
986 
946 

781 
1,079 
1,032 
1,041 

969 

868 

1,036 

899 

759 

950 

1,191 
976 

1,031 
911 
967 

1,000 
812 
910 

1,023 
746 

1,059 
914 
879 

1,056 
969 

949 

904 

1,022 

1,014 

791 



130,520, 54j 



595,942 
33.7 



115,473 
43,540 
23,183 
28,243 
18,242 

15,542 
9,926 
7,536 
11,706 
11,823 

7,094 
8,316 
12,586 
8,328 
5,301 

7,791 
6,372 
5,374 
4,642 
5,754 

4,713 
3,552 
3,842 
4,650 
4,234 

3,725 
4,625 
6,678 
4,082 
3,666 

3,973 
4,286 
3,554 
1,812 
2,550 

3,393 
3,083 
2,764 
3,142 
2,368 

2,468 
4,642 
2,773 
2,451 
3,195 

2,621 
3,147 
2,605 
2,760 
1,593 

2,025 
1,987 
2,126 
1,562 
1,254 

2,235 

1,962 
2,492 
1,446 
1,525 

1,999 
1,M7 
2,498 
1,531 
2,316 

2,847 
1,105 
2,092 
2,123 
1,680 

1,939 
1,822 
964 
2,253 
1,368 

1,761 
1,975 
1,961 
1,738 
1,709 



57,747,493 
44.2 



8,839,001 
4,348,801 
2,370,761 
2,118,759 
2,084,748 

1,581,568 

1,086,720 

882,806 

987,731 

1,178,241 

1,111,643 

1,133,172 

1,052,945 

664,284 

752,963 

794,283 
619,086 
697,060 
574,822 
613,665 

621,858 
528,446 
328,351 
586,192 
510,219 

388,283 
409,045 
506,924 
411,095 
367,780 

460,363 
411,367 
461,826 
214,134 
342,636 

393,567 
342,491 
323,486 
370,077 
205 ,494 

267,621 
377,840 
260,317 
308,452 
274,081 

290,191 
299,391 
319,524 
290,068 
209,171 

148,861 
236,730 
240,356 
185,945 
147,734 

238,412 
189,444 
247,762 
139,101 
150,4«9 

250,325 
218,642 
214,461 
140,795 
228,376 

205,995 
141,982 
160,017 
230,985 
174,752 

207,515 
195,510 
98,907 
169,276 
165,191 

156,378 
139,995 
201,552 
198,014 
171,114 



47,709,008 
31.7 



8,573,403 
3,606,436 
1,957,692 
2,064,794 
1,838,517 

1,141,329 
790,853 
673,763 
852,623 
905,636 

797,570 
826,751 
940,205 
577,393 
453,290 

632,651 
500,510 
594,321 
371,011 
462,440 

432,927 
327,050 
247,700 
424,683 
412,856 

246,983 
298,1U 
567,257 
367,359 
321,485 

374,770 
331,252 
394,012 
167,643 
243,108 

301,358 
298,720 
273,189 
277,047 
172,260 

177,073 
406,811 
217,042 
247,408 
219,785 

220,067 
259,895 
229,906 
242,450 
105,442 

112,124 
135,761 
175,547 
90,518 
95,044 

173,359 
109,907 
203,404 
94,142 
116,312 

176,954 
181,718 
159,352 
89,091 
201,885 

163,344 
72,818 
142,858 
180,586 
124,183 

159,530 
162,800 
62,792 
127,867 
111,523 

139,157 
109,052 
166,306 
160,484 
142,975 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1.41 



Tiablc IH.— RETAIL STORES: 1948— STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS RANKED BY 1948 SALES VOLUME-Con. 

Sales, Stores, and Population 



MetropoUtan area 



South Bend, Ind 

Stamford-Norwalk, Conn 

lAne8ster> Pa 

Erie, Pa 

Johnstown, Pa 

Soranton, Pa 

Sloeklon, Calif 

Chattanooga , Tenn 

Beamnont-Port Arthur, Tex 

Fort Wayne , Ind 

Lansing, Mich 

Charlotte, N. C 

Blnghamton, N. Y 

Greensboro-Hlgh Point, N. C... 
Huntington, W. Va. -Ashland, Ky. 

Little Roclc, Ark 

Atlantic City, N. J 

Madison, Wis 

York, Pa 

Shreveport , La 

Mobile, Ala 

Rockford, 111 

El Paso, Tex 

Evansvllle, Ind 

Springfield, 111 

Corpus Chrlstl, Tex 

Waterbury , Conn 

Austin, Tex 

Baton Rouge, La 

Portland, Maine 

Hamilton-Middletown, Ohio 

Saginaw, Mlch.« 

Roanoke , Va . * 

Nev Britain-Bristol, Conn 

Sioux City, Iowa 

Lincoln, Nebr 

Kalaniazoo, Hlch 

Savannah , Qa 

Columbia, S. C 

New Bedford , Mass 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa 

Fall River , Mass 

Muskegon, Mich 

Galveston, Tex 

Lawrence, Mass 

Brockton, Mass 

Racine , Wis' 

Waco, Tex 

Charleston, S. C 

Altoona , Pa 

Jackson, Miss 

Montgonery , Ala 

Augi^sta, Ga 

Columbus , Ga 

Springfield , Ohio 

Decatur, 111 

Terre Haute, Ind 

Lowell, Mass 

Raleigh, N. C 

Springfield, Mo 

Topeka, Kans 

Macon, Ga 

Wlnston-Salem, N. C 

Aaheville, N. C 

Durham, N. C 

St. Joseph, Mo 

Manchester, N. H 







The metropolitan area 








Central 


dties^ 




SaK 


entire year 




Population, 1950^ 
















Stores 








Stores 


Sales, entire 
year 


Population, 
1950" 






Amount 




Inhabitants 


Per capita «alea' 


Per capita sales^ 


Rink 


[Thouiani 




Rank 








(Thoujand 








dolUri) 


(Number) 




(Number) 


(Ooi:,iri) 


(Number) 


dollori) 




(DolUr)) 


81 


.n7,M08 


.Ml.4 


88 


204,740 


1,064 


1,481 


169,129 


115,698 


1,462 


82 


217,066 


.' , 574 


93 


194,401 


1,117 


1 , 594 


133,456 


123,042 


1,085 


83 


215,371 


2,872 


80 


234,137 


920 


1,042 


90,806 


63,601 


1,428 


84 


215,241 


2,527 


87 


218,407 


986 


1,607 


162,569 


130,125 


1,249 


85 


210,329 


3,080 


58 


290,551 


724 


836 


90,846 


62,723 


1,448 


86 


205,268 


3,811 


73 


256,208 


801 


1,796 


136,904 


124 ,747 


1,097 


87 


202,242 


2,260 


90 


200,535 


1,009 


1,210 


131,448 


71,660 


l',834 


88 


197,849 


.?,717 


79 


245,499 


806 


1,829 


166,989 


130,333 


1,281 


89 


193,671 


2,447 


94 


193,979 


998 


2,030 


177,353 


151,092 


1,175 


90 


193,390 


1,774 


98 


182,903 


1,057 


1,400 


171,638 


132,840 


1,292 


91 


184,141 


1,582 


100 


172,466 


1,068 


978 


142,734 


91,694 


1,557 


92 


183,964 


1,642 


92 


196,160 


938 


1,275 


169,702 


133,219 


1,274 


93 


181,878 


2,017 


97 


184,664 


985 


1,061 


115,546 


81,132 


1,424 


94 


177,448 


1,810 


96 


190,152 


933 


1,274 


162,429 


113,633 


1,429 


95 


174,853 


2,628 


78 


245,631 


712 


1,464 


130,229 


117,388 


1,109 


96 


174,746 


2,311 


95 


192,879 


906 


1,923 


167,392 


143,529 


1,166 


97 


173,260 


2,986 


127 


132,879 


1,304 


1,909 


121,682 


61,642 


1,974 


98 


172,953 


1,860 


102 


168,630 


1,026 


1,035 


122,620 


95,594 


1,283 


99 


172,775 


2,669 


89 


202,440 


853 


1,263 


81,094 


59,704 


1,358 


100 


170,289 


1,743 


99 


174,679 


975 


1,320 


155,531 


125,426 


1,240 


101 


169,797 


2,227 


83 


228,835 


742 


1,390 


137,859 


127,151 


1,034 


102 


163,760 


1,673 


112 


151,858 


1,078 


1,271 


137,663 


92,503 


1,488 


103 


159,834 


1,941 


91 


197,934 


808 


1,474 


141,984 


130,003 


1,092 


104 


149,941 


1,636 


108 


158,363 


947 


1,4X 


139,279 


109,869 


1,268 


105 


143,875 


1,565 


130 


130,649 


1,101 


1,092 


124,100 


80,832 


1,535 


106 


141,350 


1,819 


104 


164,629 


859 


1,364 


123,226 


108,053 


1,140 


107 


141,237 


2,021 


110 


154,455 


914 


1,523 


111,132 


104,242 


1,066 


108 


138,692 


1,539 


106 


160,381 


865 


1,343 


134,085 


131,964 


1,016 


109 


134,751 


1,587 


109 


156,485 


861 


1,171 


116,738 


123,957 


942 


110 


134,179 


1,356 


136 


119,063 


1,127 


1,015 


113,945 


76,936 


1,481 


111 


, 132,802 


1,542 


114 


146,792 


905 


1,176 


114,683 


91,351 


1,255 


112 


132,435 


1,522 


111 


152,838 


866 


1,035 


107,045 


92,352 


1,159 


113 


130,719 


1,251 


129 


132,779 


984 


972 


117,634 


91,089 


1,291 


114 


127,720 


1,862 


116 


146,273 


873 


1,423 


103,030 


109,536 


941 


115 


125,931 


1,293 


146 


103,959 


1,211 


1,028 


113,912 


64,035 


1,356 


116 


124,734 


1,091 


137 


118,260 


1,055 


912 


117,984 


97,423 


1,211 


117 


122,824 


1,249 


133 


126,019 


975 


810 


99,806 


57,326 


1,741 


118 


120,765 


2,030 


113 


150,946 


800 


1,657 


109,693 


119,689 


916 


119 


120,446 


1,471 


119 


141,880 


849 


1,110 


111,000 


85,949 


1,291 


120 


120,216 


1,884 


123 


137,366 


875 


1,627 


107,657 


109,033 


987 


121 


118,353 


1,097 


147 


103,711 


1,141 


768 


100,311 


72,149 


1,390 


122 


117,211 


1,813 


124 


136,936 


856 


1,518 


105,148 


111,759 


941 


123 


116,628 


1,382 


(') 


120,775 


966 


755 


75,075 


48,047 


1,563 


124 


116,620 


1,524 


139 


112,226 


1,039 


993 


82,697 


65,898 


1,255 


125 


115,662 


1,769 


134 


125,528 


921 


1,367 


93,316 


80,427 


1,160 


126 


115,163 


1,530 


131 


129,297 


891 


824 


71,171 


62,856 


1,132 


127 


114,884 


1,450 


141 


109,105 


1,053 


965 


87,328 


70,749 


1,234 


128 


114,536 


1,659 


132 


128,589 


891 


1,139 


97,634 


84,300 


1,158 


129 


113,203 


1,834 


107 


159,838 


708 


1,107 


88,153 


68,243 


1,292 


130 


113,101 


1,628 


121 


138,934 


814 


928 


78,430 


76,844 


1,021 


131 


112,765 


1,273 


120 


141 ,480 


797 


848 


100,585 


97,674 


1,030 


132 


109,527 


1,261 


122 


137,512 


796 


1,006 


103,401 


105,098 


984 


133 


106,896 


1,760 


105 


162,104 


659 


1,040 


83,111 


71,507 


1,162 


134 


106,607 


1,644 


101 


169,921 


627 


1,133 


92,338 


79,510 


1,161 


135 


105,634 


1,168 


140 


110,999 


952 


940 


93,817 


78,029 


1,202 


136 


105,627 


1,064 


150 


100,273 


1,053 


797 


92,412 


67,801 


1,363 


137 


104,944 


1,376 


143 


104,931 


1,000 


1,052 


94,666 


64,047 


1,478 


138 


104,640 


1,464 


128 


132,779 


788 


1,201 


92,920 


■96,523 


963 


139 


104,098 


1,382 


125 


135,942 


766 


740 


82,157 


65,123 


1,262 


140 


99,815 


1,381 


145 


104,118 


959 


1,006 


85,587 


66,302 


1,291 


141 


99,627 


1,196 


144 


104,430 


954 


993 


92,014 


77,827 


1,182 


142 


97,239 


1,313 


126 


134,464 


723 


911 


83,441 


70,106 


1,190 


143 


97,003 


1,319 


118 


145,076 


669 


953 


86,978 


86,816 


1,002 


144 


91,799 


1,261 


135 


122,557 


749 


813 


79,435 


52,208 


1,522 


145 


90,125 


995 


148 


100,641 


896 


797 


85,366 


70,307 


1,214 


146 


89,798 


1,186 


156 


93,629 


959 


984 


81,508 


75,572 


1,079 


147 


89,497 


1,052 


159 


88,216 


1,015 


998 


86,977 


82,581 


1,053 



n.a. Not available or not applicable. 

^ Central cities are those named in the title of the metropolitan area, with the exception of New York-Northeastem New Jersey which includes New York, Newark, and Jersey City. 

2 Based on advance 1950 population estimates. 

^ Per capita sales is ratio of 19i8 sales to advance 1950 population estimates. 

* Not included in the ranking of metropolitan areas by the 1950 Census of Population. 



1.42 



RETAIL TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table IJ.— RETAIL STORES 1948 AND 1939— CITIES WITH 25,000 INHABITANTS OR MORE, RANKED BY 1948 

SALES VOLUME 

SAI.BS, Stores, and Population 



aty 



Sales, entire year 



Rank 



1939' 



Amount 
jThousand dollars) 



1948 



Stores 



1948 



19J9 



PopuUtton 



1940 



Per capita sales) 
(Dollari) 



United States, total 

Total, 501 cities 

Percent of United States total. 

New York, N. X 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

PhllaiSelpMa, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Washington, D. C 

Boston, Mass 

Baltijnore, Md 

San Francisco, Calif 

St. Louis , Mo 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Milwaukee, Wis' 

Kansas City, Mo 

Minneapolis, Minn 

Houston, Tex 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Dallas, Tex 

Cincinnati, Ohio 

Seattle, Wash 

Indianapolis, Ind 

Newark, N. J 

Portland , Oreg 

Oakland, Calif 

Atlanta, Ge 

Denver, Colo 

New Orleans, La 

Memphis, Tenn 

Columbus, Ohio 

Rochester, N. Y 

Louisville, Ky 

St. Paul, Hlnn 

Toledo, Ohio 

Miami, Fla 

San Antonio, Tex 

Fort Worth, Tex 

San Diego, Calif 

Dayton, Ohio 

Birmingham, Ala 

Providence , R. I 

Akron, Ohio 

Richmond, Va 

Long Beach, Calif 

Omaha, Hebr 

Syracuse, N, Y 

Oklahoma City, Okla 

Hartford , Conn 

Des Moines, Iowa 

Jacksonville, Fla 

Grand Rapids , Mich 

Nashville, Tenn 

Sacramento, Calif 

jersey City, N, J 

Norfolk, Va 

Tulsa, Okla 

Worcester, Mass 

Salt Lake City, Utah 

Bridgeport , Conn 

Youngstown, Ohio 

Phoenix, Ariz 

New Haven, Conn 

Wichita, Kans 

Springfield, Mass 

Spokane, Wash 

Flint, Mich 

Pasadena, Calif 

Wilmington, Del 

Fresno, Calif 

Albany, N. Y 

Paterson, N. J 

Knoxville, Term 

Fort Wayne, Ind 

Tacona, Wash 

Charlotte, K. C 

Trenton, N. J 

South Bend, Ind 

Chattanooga, Tenn 

Peoria, 111 

Erie, Pa 

Tampa, Fla 

See footnotes at end of table. 



130,520,548 



73,135,235 
57.6 



25,729,201 
61.2 



8,019,696 
4,348,801 
2,370,761 
2,U8,759 
2,084,748 

1,178,241 
1,111,643 
1,086,720 
1,052,945 
1,033,188 

987,731 
882,806 
794,283 
752,963 
726,262 

697,060 
664,284 
621,858 
619,086 
613,665 

586,192 
583,611 
574,822 
548,380 
528,446 

510,219 
506,924 
461,826 
460,363 
411,367 

411,095 
406,910 
393,567 
388,283 
377,840 

370,077 
367,780 
342,636 
342,491 
328,351 

323,486 
319,524 
310,572 
308,452 
290,191 

290,068 
267,621 
250,325 
247,762 
240,356 

238,412 
236,730 
235,694 
233,211 
230,985 

228,376 
218,642 
2U,461 
214,134 
209,171 

205,995 
201,552 
200,359 
198,014 
196,510 

192,543 
189,444 
185,945 
185,424 
181,206 

174,752 
171,638 
171, lU 
169,702 
169,276 

169,129 
166,989 
165,191 
162,569 
160,405 



3,192,594 

1,514,829 

782,842 

766,622 

665,565 

420,426 
402,768 
490,396 
380,103 
383,554 

353,860 
337,312 
288,244 
224,986 
269,391 

193,965 
250,311 
172,904 
230,446 
208,537 

138,553 
249,372 
183,551 
180,865 
172,279 

177,963 
157,062 
135,486 
159,167 
169,967 

131,004 
167,691 
131,629 
103,215 
103,028 

92,976 

95,555 

106,477 

100,136 

131,847 

108,487 
103,306 
85,833 
105,453 
106,030 

91,844 
108,613 
32,272 
73,951 
80,751 

80,389 
79,063 
96,257 
63,632 
67,806 

92,834 
75,831 
73,628 
79,848 
47,922 

87,311 
53,243 
83,796 
65,583 
71,807 

55,227 
64,951 
53,344 
75,819 
68,887 

52,702 
56,175 
55,065 
47,552 
65,377 

47,9% 
55,920 
61,146 
48,283 
46,134 



1,769,540 



1,770,355 



782,234 
44.2 



814,155 
46.0 



103,933 
43,540 
23,183 
28,243 
18,242 

11,823 
7,094 
9,926 
12,586 
10,225 

11,706 
7,536 
7,791 
5,301 
5,407 

5,874 
8,328 
4,713 
6,372 
5,754 

4,650 
7,260 
4,642 
5,317 
3,552 

4,223 
6,678 
3,554 
3,973 
4,286 

4,082 
2,909 
3,393 
3,725 
4,642 

3,142 
3,666 
2,550 
3,083 
3,842 

2,764 
2,606 
3,162 
2,451 
2,621 

2,760 
2,463 
1,999 
2,492 
2,126 

2,235 
1,987 
4,280 
2,298 
2,123 

2,316 
1,697 
2,498 
1,812 
1,593 

2,847 
1,961 
1,993 
1,738 
1,822 

1,480 
1,962 
1,562 
2,073 
2,590 

1,680 
1,400 
1,709 
1,275 
2,253 

1,481 
1,829 
1,368 
1,607 
2,000 



U5,219 
47,832 
24,535 
30,099 
19,844 

13,814 
6,393 
11,817 
14,116 
U,339 

13,161 
7,375 
9,375 
5,535 
6,789 

5,148 
3,459 
4,294 
7,006 
6,563 

5,208 
7,986 
4,300 
5,154 
4,137 

4,706 
6,673 
3,363 
4,233 
4,856 

4,143 
3,824 
3,549 
3,030 
3,911 

2,603 
3,230 
2,762 
2,651 
4,010 

3,130 
2,751 
3,189 
3,024 
2,714 

2,966 
2,615 
2,331 
2,135 
2,354 

2,474 
2,014 
4,775 
2,045 
2,118 

2,389 
1,712 
2,499 
1,975 
1,207 

3,079 
1,839 
2,129 
2,017 
1,917 

1,565 
2,026 
1,436 
2,449 
2,596 

1,445 
1,761 
1,864 
1,120 
2,342 

1,502 
1,353 
1,499 
1,794 
1,875 



150,555,592 



62,463,098 
41.5 



7,835,099 
3,606,436 
1,957,692 
2,064,794 
1,838,517 

905,636 
797,670 
790,863 
940,205 
760,753 

352,623 
673,763 
632,651 
453,290 
517,277 

594,321 
577,393 
432,927 
500,510 
462,440 

424,683 
437,857 
371,011 
330,576 
327,090 

412,856 
567,257 
394,012 
374,770 
331,252 

367,359 
309,474 
301,358 
246,933 
406,811 

27.7,047 
321,485 
243,108 
298,720 
247,700 

273,169 
229,906 
244,072 
247,408 
220,067 

242,450 
177,073 
176,954 
203,404 
175,647 

173,359 
135,761 
300,447 
188,601 
180,586 

201,885 
181,713 
159,352 
167,643 
105,442 

163,344 
166,306 
162,601 
160,484 
162,800 

104,087 
109,907 
90,618 
134,382 
139,423 

124,183 
132,840 
142,975 
133,219 
127,867 

115,698 
130,333 
111,523 
130,125 
124,073 



131,669,275 



54,542,156 
41.4 



7,454,995 
3,396,808 
1,504,277 
1, '331, 334 
1,623,452 

373,336 
663,091 
770,816 
859,100 
634,536 

816,048 
671,659 
587,472 
399,178 
492,370 

384,514 
575,901 
294,734 
455,610 
368,302 

386,972 
429,760 
305,394 
302,163 
302,288 

322,412 
494,537 
292,942 
306,087 
324,975 

319,077 
287,736 
282,349 
172,172 
253,854 

177,662 
203,341 
210,713 
267,583 
253,504 

244,791 
193,042 
164,271 
233,844 
205,967 

204,424 
166,267 
159,819 
173,065 
164,292 

167,402 
105,958 
301,173 
144,332 
U2,157 

193,694 
149,934 
147,121 
167,720 
65,414 

160,605 
114,966 
149,554 
122,001 
151,543 

81,864 

112,504 
60,685 
130,577 
139,656 

111,580 
118,410 
109,408 
100,399 
124,697 

101,268 
123,163 
105,087 
116,955 
108,391 



1,203 
n.a. 



1,024 
1,206 
1,211 
1,026 
1,134 

1,301 
1,394 
1,374 
1,120 
1,358 

1,158 
1,310 
1,255 
1,661 
1,404 

1,173 
1,150 
1,436 
1,237 
1,327 

1,380 
1,333 
1,549 
1,441 
1,616 

1,236 
894 
1,172 
1,223 
1,242 

1,119 
1,315 
1,306 
1,572 
929 

1,336 

1,144 
1,409 
1,146 
1,326 

1,184 
1,390 
1,272 
1,247 
1,319 

1,196 
1,511 
1,415 
1,218 
1,368 

1,375 
1,744 
784 
1,236 
1,279 

1,131 
1,203 
1,346 
1,277 
1,934 

1,261 
1,212 
1,232 
1,234 
1,207 

1,850 
1,724 
2,052 
1,380 
1,300 

1,407 
1,292 
1,197 
1,274 
1,324 

1,462 
1,281 
1,481 
1,249 
1,293 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1.43 



Table IJ.— RETAIL STORES 1948 AND 1939— CITIES WITH 23,000 INHABITANTS OR MORE, RANKED BY 1948 

SALES VOLUME— Continued 

Sales, Stores, and Population 



CSty 



Shreveport, La 

Canton, Ohio 

San Jose, Calif 

Lansing, Mich 

Allentown, Pa 

El Paso, Tex 

Charleston, U. Va 

Clendale, Calif 

Canden, N. J 

Harrlsburg, Pa 

Gary , Ind 

Reading, Pa 

Evansvlile, Ind 

Mobile, Ala 

RocWord, 111 

Scranton, Pa 

Austin, Tex 

Stockton, Calif 

Little Sock, Ark 

Schenectady, N. Y 

Greensboro, N. C 

Springfield, lU 

Corpus Chrlstl, Tex... 

Utlca, N. Y 

Madison, Vis 

Atlantic City, N. J... 

Duluth, Minn 

Elizabeth, N. J 

Yonkers, N. Y 

Lincoln, Nebr 

Roanoke, Va 

Cambrld^, Mass 

Baton Rouge, La 

Blnghamton, N. Y 

Albuquerque, N. Mex. . . 

Beaumont, Tex 

Portland, Maine 

Sloiut City, Iowa 

St. Petersburg, Fla... 
Bak6rsfield, Calif.... 

Vaterbu27, Conn 

Columbia, S. C 

Amarlllo, Tex 

Savannah, Ga 

Santa Monica, Calif... 

Kansas Clt^, Kans 

Nev Bedford, Mass 

Saginaw, Mich 

Tucson, Ariz 

Wllkes-Barre, Pa 

Evanston, 111 

Fall River, Mass 

Davenport , Iowa 

Beverly Hills, Calif.., 
Haanond, Ind 

Lubbock, Tex 

Montgauery, Ala 

Mlanii Beach, Fla 

Berkeley, Calif 

Lynn , Mass 

Dearborn, Mich 

White Plains, H. Y 

Jackson, Miss 

Oak Park, 111 

Cedar Rapids, Iowa.... 

Kalamazoo, Mich 

Lexington, Ky 

Niagara Falls, N. Y... 
San Bernardino, Calif. 
Waco, Tex 

Huntln^on, W. Va 

POTitiac, Mich 

Troy, N. Y 

Terre Haute, Ind 

Passaic, N. J 

Springfield, Ohio 

Arlington County, Va.* 

Lawrence, Mass 

Lowell, Mass 

Greenville, S. C 

Decatur, 111 

Columbus , Ga 

Topeka, Kans 

Johnstown, Pa 

Lancaster, Pa 



Sales, entire year 



Rank 



294S 



1939^ 



82 


79 


83 


91 


84 


90 


85 


82 


86 


116 


87 


102 


88 


98 


89 


81 


<>0 


80 


<n 


104 


92 


75 


93 


94 


94 


156 


95 


101 


96 


69 


97 


113 


98 


119 


99 


106 


100 


97 


101 


170 


102 


109 


103 


148 


104 


95 


105 


lOO 


106 


99 


107 


84 


108 


96 


109 


72 


110 


115 


111 


122 


112 


89 


113 


171 


114 


105 


115 


210 


116 


161 


117 


93 


118 


114 


119 


144 


120 


132 


121 


103 


122 


141 


123 


181 


124 


133 


125 


158 


126 


130 


127 


110 


128 


125 


129 


206 


130 


107 


131 


112 


132 


111 


133 


135 


134 


147 


135 


150 


136 


236 


137 


155 


138 


253 


139 


134 


140 


106 


141 


203 


142 


113 


143 


164 


144 


128 


145 


142 


146 


123 


147 


143 


148 


129 


149 


175 


150 


197 


151 


153 


152 


154 


153 


136 


154 


139 


155 


137 


156 


157 


157 


304 


158 


126 


159 


117 


160 


186 


161 


145 


162 


205 


163 


151 


164 


124 


165 


127 



Amount 

(Thousand dollorj) 



1948 



155,531 
150,489 
147,734 
142,734 
142,135 

141,984 
141,982 
141,237 
141,121 
140,795 

140,400 
139,995 
139,279 
137,859 
137,663 

136,904 

134,085 
131,44? 
129,417 
128,514 

124,474 
124,100 
123,226 
122,946 
122,620 

121,682 
121,414 
121,198 
119,712 
117,984 

117,634 
117,051 
116,738 
115,546 
114,871 

114,606 
113,945 
113,912 
113,676 
113,392 

111,132 
111,000 
109,736 
109,693 
108,247 

107,844 
107,657 
107,045 
107,044 
106,730 

106,021 
105,148 
104,978 
104,205 
104,157 

104,130 
103,401 
103,351 
103,099 
102,908 

101,794 
101,416 
100,585 
100,554 
100,311 

99,806 
99,752 
99,047 
98,907 
97,634 

%,4«1 
95,423 
95,107 
94,666 
94,656 

93,817 
93,457 
93,316 
92,920 
92,610 

92,412 
92,338 
92,014 
90,846 
90,806 



52,450 
46,175 
46,591 
48,539 

39,115 
43,839 
44,612 
49,282 
50,349 

43,275 
54,765 
45,234 
30,838 
43,881 

56,317 
39,686 
37,079 
41,063 
U,789 

27,896 

41,040 
31,888 
45,192 
44,329 

44,568 
48,099 
44,963 
55,232 
39,142 

36,151 
46,620 
27,780 
42,471 
23,332 

30,156 
45,895 
39,306 
32,649 
34,908 

43,622 
33,193 
26,458 
34,513 
30,579 

35,111 
40,777 
35,911 
23,646 
41,483 

40,296 
40,480 
34,266 
31,915 
31,858 

21,111 
30,930 
20,108 
34,293 
41,537 

2*, 066 
38,644 
29,093 
35,574 
33,109 

35,993 
33,070 
35,521 
27,258 
24,720 

31,217 
31,105 
34,065 
33 ,668 
34,011 

30,667 
16,387 
35,826 
39,042 
26,051 

32,098 
23,650 
31,633 
35,952 
35,661 



Stores 



1948 



1,320 
1,525 
1,254 
978 
1,516 

1,474 
1,105 
1,255 
1,963 
1,531 

1,527 
1,975 
1,434 
1,390 
1,217 

1,796 
1,343 
1,210 
1,318 
1,445 

791 
1,092 
1,364 
1,568 
1,035 

1,909 
1,258 
1,838 
1.821 
912 

972 
1,254 
1,171 
1,061 
1,202 

1,290 
1,015 
1,028 
1,195 
746 

1,523 
1,110 
1,009 
1,657 
1,136 

1,454 
1,627 
1,035 
758 
1,407 

652 
1,518 
876 
580 
937 

766 
1,006 
1,526 
1,128 
1,260 

758 
854 
848 
568 
768 

810 
852 

1,352 
964 

1,139 

1,089 
761 
1,107 
1,052 
1,387 

940 

545 

1,367 

1,201 

714 

797 

1,133 

993 

836 

1,042 



1,215 
1,542 
1,302 
1,112 
1,575 

1,361 
998 
1,257 
2,116 
1,550 

1,401 
2,229 
1,521 
1,043 
1,265 

2,042 
1,153 
1,203 
1,370 
1,468 

698 
1,111 
1,109 
1,632 

1,068 

1,825 
1,540 
1,917 
1,952 
1,054 

899 
1,472 

545 
1,156 

604 

917 
1,112 
1,238 
1,0U 

740 

1,503 

918 

814 

1,377 

1,030 

1,687 
1,640 
1,073 
572 
1,492 

684 
1,761 
887 
517 
867 

577 

947 

739 

1,134 

1,346 

591 
841 
706 
630 
910 

887 
772 
1,243 
786 
940 

1,017 
762 
1,265 
1,167 
1,383 

1,067 

324 

1,490 

1,554 

594 

837 
743 

1,089 
823 

1,343 



Popubtion 



1950' 



125,426 
116,312 
95,044 
91,694 
106,233 

130,003 
72,818 
95 , 398 

124,543 
89,091 

132,496 
109,062 
109,869 
127,151 
92,503 

124,747 
131,964 

71,660 
101,387 

92,070 

73,703 
80,832 
108,053 
101,479 
95,594 

61,642 
104,066 
112,675 
152,533 

97,423 

91,089 
120,676 
123,957 
81,132 
97,012 

93,715 
76,936 
34,035 
95,712 
34,540 

104,242 
85,949 
73,737 

119,689 
71,299 

129,588 

109,033 

92,352 

45,064 

76,638 

73,030 
111,759 
73,640 
28,915 
37,423 

71,390 
105,093 

45,541 
113,217 

99,521 

94,529 
43,501 
97,674 
63,175 
72,149 

57,326 
58,449 
90,875 
62,792 
84,300 

86,160 
73,112 
71,659 
64,047 
57,851 

78,029 
134,990 
80,42'.' 
96,523 
57,932 

67,801 
79,510 
77,827 
62,723 
63,601 



1940 



98,167 
108,401 
68,457 
78,753 
96,904 

96,810 
67,914 
82,582 
117,536 
83,893 

111,719 
110,568 
97,062 
78,720 
84,637 

140,404 
87,930 
54,714 
88,039 
87,549 

59,319 
75, 503 
57, 301 
100, 518 
67,447 

64,094 
101,065 
109,912 
142,593 

81,984 

69,287 
110,879 
34,719 
78,309 
35,449 

59,061 
73,643 
82,364 
60, 812 
29,252 

99,314 
62,396 
51,686 
95,996 
53,500 

121,458 
110,341 
82,794 
36,818 
86,236 

65,389 
115,428 
66,039 
26,823 
70,134 

31,353 
73,034 
28,012 
85,547 
93,125 

63,534 
40,327 
62,107 
66,015 
62,120 

54,097 
49,304 
78,029 
43,646 
55,982 

78,836 
66,626 
70,304 
62,693 
61,394 

70,662 
57,040 
84,323 
101,389 
34,734 

59,305 
53,280 
67,833 
66,668 
61,345 



Per capita aalcs^ 
(Dollars) 



1,240 
1,294 
1,554 
1,557 
1,338 

1,092 
1,950 
1,480 
1,133 

1,580 

1,060 
1,284 
1,268 
1,084 

1,488 

1,097 
1,016 
1,834 
1,276 

1,396 

1,689 
1,535 
1,140 
1,212 
1,283 

1,974 
1,167 
1,076 
735 
1,211 

1,291 

970 

942 

1,424 

1,184 

1,223 
1,431 
1,356 
1,188 
3,283 

1,066 
1,291 
1,483 
916 
1,518 

832 

987 

1,159 

2,375 

1,393 

1,452 
941 
1,426 
3,604 
1,191 

1,459 
934 

2,269 
911 

1,034 

1,077 
2,331 
1,030 
1,592 
1,390 

1,741 
1,707 
1,090 
1,575 
1,158 

1,120 
1,305 
1,327 
1,478 
1,636 

1,202 
692 

1,160 
963 

1,598 

1,363 
1,161 
1,182 
1,448 
1,428 



478 
484 
674 
592 
501 

404 
646 
540 
419 
600 

387 
495 
466 
392 

513 

401 
451 
678 
466 
512 

470 
544 
556 
450 
657 

695 
476 
409 
337 

477 

522 
420 
800 
542 
658 

510 
623 
477 
537 
1,193 

439 
532 
512 
360 
572 

289 
370 
434 
642 
481 

616 
351 
519 
1,190 
454 

663 
396 
718 
401 
423 

378 
958 
468 
539 

533 

665 
671 
455 
624 
442 

396 
467 
485 
537 
554 

434 
287 
425 
385 
750 

541 
444 
466 
539 
581 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1.44 



RETAIL TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table IJ.— RETAIL STORES 1948 AND 1939— CITIES WITH 25,000 INHABITANTS OR MORE, RANKED BY 1948 

SALES VOLUME— Continued 

Salbs, Stoiles, and Population 



aty 





Sales, entire year 














,._3 


Hank 


Amount 


Store. 


Population 








(Tliousiina (fclUrj) 


(7<umber) 






(Doliarj) 


1948 


1939' 


1948 


1939 


1948 


1939 


1950^ 


1940 


1948 


19J9 


166 


121 


89,640 


36,185 


1,027 


1,169 


81,130 


75,797 


1,104 


477 


167 


131 


88,899 


35,107 


821 


921 


83,190 


75,310 


1,069 


463 


168 


165 


88,153 


29,064 


1,107 


1,020 


68,243 


71,275 


1,292 


408 


169 


177 


87,328 


26,946 


965 


953 


70,749 


67,195 


1,234 


401 


170 


163 


86,978 


29,203 


953 


1,025 


86,816 


79,815 


1,002 


366 


171 


138 


86,977 


33,734 


998 


1,160 


82,581 


77,685 


1,053 


434 


172 


130 


86,032 


26,490 


1,112 


1,094 


31,950 


75,609 


1,050 


350 


173 


187 


85,587 


25,993 


1,006 


1,088 


66,302 


61,238 


1,291 


424 


174 


194 


85,366 


24,915 


797 


753 


70,307 


60,195 


1,214 


4W 


175 


149 


85,136 


31,885 


964 


1,043 


58,447 


61,099 


1,457 


522 


176 


183 


84,851 


26,299 


337 


781 


51,826 


36,736 


1,637 


716 


177 


167 


84,807 


28,394 


710 


728 


64,354 


51,743 


1,318 


549 


178 


191 


83,817 


25,146 


551 


525 


29,021 


20,856 


2,888 


1,206 


179 


190 


83,441 


25,203 


911 


820 


70,106 


57,865 


1,190 


436 


180 


192 


83,111 


25,106 


l,OiO 


936 


71,507 


65,919 


1,162 


381 


181 


196 


82,697 


24,793 


993 


1,052 


65,898 


60,362 


1,215 


407 


182 


176 


82,618 


27,209 


895 


875 


73,584 


47,938 


1,123 


563 


183 


184 


82,482 


26,273 


1,122 


997 


65,824 


59,235 


1,253 


443 


1S4 


173 


32,330 


27,542 


898 


927 


73,057 


68,945 


1,055 


399 


185 


189 


82,157 


25,527 


740 


619 


65,123 


46,897 


1,262 


544 


186 


120 


81,551 


36,861 


1,008 


1,161 


71,837 


67,362 


1,135 


547 


187 


166 


31,508 


28,950 


984 


1,135 


75,572 


75,711 


1,073 


382 


188 


162 


81,094 


29,903 


1,263 


970 


59,704 


56,712 


1,358 


527 


189 


198 


80,643 


24,593 


784 


705 


52,460 


42,365 


1,537 


580 


190 


169 


80,161 


27,970 


704 


775 


50,904 


49,656 


1,575 


563 


191 


159 


80,105 


30,446 


522 


621 


46,155 


50,810 


1,736 


599 


192 


215 


79,997 


22,766 


547 


550 


33,375 


27,221 


2,085 


836 


193 


172 


79,873 


27,684 


620 


611 


29,207 


26,279 


2,735 


1,053 


194 


188 


79,435 


25,814 


813 


733 


52,208 


51,310 


1,522 


503 


195 


284 


79,104 


18,122 


514 


450 


35,672 


20,838 


2,218 


870 


196 


226 


78,480 


21,925 


347 


722 


43,053 


33,693 


1,823 


651 


197 


146 


78,430 


32,007 


928 


994 


76,844 


30,214 


1,021 


399 


198 


174 


77,855 


27,280 


742 


729 


51,223 


55,355 


1,520 


493 


199 


211 


77,364 


23,285 


590 


600 


52,161 


40,832 


1,483 


570 


200 


399 


76,643 


11,261 


774 


399 


73,318 


34,337 


979 


328 


201 


207 


75,075 


23,526 


755 


662 


48,047 


47,697 


1,562 


493 


202 


140 


74,510 


33,486 


849 


386 


59,626 


58,408 


1,250 


573 


203 


182 


73,862 


26,397 


721 


779 


52,443 


46,235 


1,408 


571 


204 


200 


73,735 


24,410 


698 


688 


48,469 


43,453 


1,521 


562 


205 


212 


73,719 


23,261 


740 


732 


44,764 


34,958 


1,647 


665 


206 


209 


73,378 


23,496 


726 


741 


67,709 


45,112 


1,084 


521 


207 


252 


73,181 


20,279 


527 


537 


43,064 


30,908 


1,699 


656 


208 


195 


73,110 


24,842 


634 


546 


85,078 


56,883 


859 


437 


209 


178 


73,005 


26,890 


749 


843 


49,690 


45,106 


1,469 


596 


210 


185 


72,608 


26,197 


977 


913 


73,663 


68,685 


986 


381 


211 


272 


72,363 


18,893 


688 


578 


41,571 


37,067 


1,741 


510 


212 


220 


72,066 


22,338 


715 


704 


49,380 


44,711 


1,445 


500 


213 


351 


72,049 


13,401 


583 


468 


46,046 


30,114 


1,565 


445 


214 


213 


71,880 


22,873 


504 


456 


32,225 


21,317 


2,230 


1,073 


215 


218 


71,611 


22,462 


559 


639 


50,508 


47,170 


1,418 


476 


216 


168 


71,598 


28,283 


709 


749 


40,975 


40,478 


1,747 


699 


217 


427 


71,194 


9,498 


753 


349 


99,213 


23,642 


718 


402 


218 


152 


71,171 


31,534 


824 


969 


62,856 


62,343 


1,132 


506 


219 


342 


70,971 


14,196 


507 


335 


61,604 


33,523 


1,152 


423 


220 


248 


69,471 


20,386 


770 


768 


57,717 


50,592 


1,204 


403 


221 


262 


69,298 


19,630 


674 


622 


45,534 


31,921 


1,522 


615 


222 


266 


68,960 


19,503 


609 


■588 


56,910 


43,688 


1,212 


446 


223 


202 


68,860 


24,190 


838 


823 


38,768 


33,180 


1,776 


729 


224 


199 


68,821 


24,549 


636 


644 


42,212 


37,469 


1,630 


655 


225 


276 


68,272 


18,591 


568 


486 


36,674 


32,249 


1,862 


576 


226 


160 


67,842 


30,350 


1,194 


1,401 


55,322 


56,173 


1,226 


540 


227 


249 


67,234 


20,350 


392 


442 


37,981 


32,580 


1,770 


625 


228 


216 


67,114 


22,705 


530 


571 


29,376 


28,648 


2,285 


792 


229 


230 


66,934 


21,744 


638 


604 


49,674 


42,837 


1,347 


508 


230 


247 


66,889 


20,392 


540 


581 


51,284 


38,935 


1,304 


524 


231 


303 


66,180 


16,494 


849 


645 


71,294 


50,745 


923 


325 


232 


214 


66,111 


22,800 


776 


801 


63,561 


52,162 


1,040 


437 


233 


208 


66,006 


23,511 


675 


778 


58,364 


49,720 


1,131 


473 


234 


223 


65,588 


22,103 


463 


449 


34,152 


26,130 


1,920 


846 


235 


222 


64,831 


22,292 


499 


633 


47,279 


29,815 


1,371 


748 


236 


233 


64,563 


21,525 


619 


593 


43,363 


37,154 


1,489 


579 


237 


289 


64,059 


17,363 


568 


500 


46,399 


34,696 


1,381 


500 


238 


292 


63,694 


17,083 


930 


960 


67,195 


64,712 


948 


264 


239 


229 


63,359 


21,757 


852 


899 


66,027 


58,490 


960 


372 


240 


244 


62,747 


20,472 


740 


626 


57,377 


46,140 


1,094 


444 


241 


293 


62,679 


17,003 


635 


484 


38,375 


28,309 


1,633 


601 


242 


201 


62,610 


24,296 


614 


619 


53,055 


49,684 


1,180 


489 


243 


267 


62,548 


19,481 


757 


741 


54,360 


48,765 


1,151 


399 


244 


231 


62,356 


21,716 


733 


728 


52,372 


47,956 


1,191 


453 


245 


179 


62,249 


26,615 


880 


1,093 


102,254 


102,177 


609 


260 


246 


314 


62,028 


15,755 


715 


575 


47,864 


36,584 


1,296 


431 


247 


264 


62,002 


19,580 


615 


599 


49,528 


43,892 


1,252 


446 


248 


237 


61,844 


21,053 


695 


775 


48,563 


47,636 


1,273 


U2 


249 


339 


61,607 


14,331 


556 


557 


47,102 


26,612 


1,308 


538 


250 


232 


61,461 


21,627 


754 


963 


64,282 


62,018 


956 


349 



Pawtucket, R. I 

Qulncy, Mass 

Charleston, S. C 

Racine, Wis 

Wins ton -Sal em, N. C 

Manchester, N, H 

East St. Louis, HI 

Springfield, Mo 

Durham, N. C 

Wheeling, W. Va , 

Orlando, Fla 

Waterloo, Iowa 

Hempstead, N. Y 

Macon, Ga 

Augusta, Ga 

Galveston, Tex 

Stamford, Conn 

Chester, Pa 

East Orange, fJ. J , 

Raleigh, N. C 

Mount Vernon, N. Y 

St. Joseph, Mo , 

York, Pa 

Joliet, 111 , 

Jackson, Mich 

Highland Park, Mich , 

Yakima , Wash 

Hackensack, N. J , 

Asheville, N, C , 

Eugene, Oreg 

Weat Palm Beach, Fla , 

Altoona, Pa. 

McKeesport, Pa 

Sioux Falls, S. Dak 

Burbank, Calif 

Muskegon, Mich 

New Rochelle, N. Y , 

Green Bay, Wis 

'jattle Creek, Mich , 

Santa Barbara, Calif , 

Wichita Falls, Tex 

Salem, Oreg , 

Upper Darby township. Pa,' 

Elmira, N. Y ■ 

New Britain, Conn 

Newport News, Va 

Lima, Ohio 

Inglewood , Calif 

Reno, Nev , 

Aurora , 111 

Poughkeepaie, N. Y , 

Richmond, Calif 

Brockton, Mass 

Alexandria, Va , 

Hamilton, Ohio , 

Santa Ana, Calif 

■ Ogden, Utah , 

New Brunswick, N, J , 

Plalnfield, N. J 

Spartanburg, S. C , 

Union City, N. J 

Fargo, N. Dak 

Huntington Park, Calif... 

Warren, Ohio 

Alhambra, Calif , 

Portsmouth, Va 

Pueblo, Colo 

Muncie, Ind 

Boise City, Idaho , 

Aim Arbor , Mich 

Mansfield, Ohio 

Riverside , Call f 

Cicero, 111 

Bethlehem, Pa 

Port Arthur, Tex 

Monroe, La 

Plttsfield, Mass 

Kenosha, Wis 

Bay City, Mich 

Somervtlle , Mass 

Fort Smith, Ark 

Dubuque, Iowa 

New Castle , Pa 

Abilene, Tex 

Covington , Ky 



See footnotes at end of table. 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1.45 



Tabic IJ.— RETAIL STORES 1948 AND 1939— CITIES WITH 25,000 INHABITANTS OR MORE, RANKED BY 1948 

SALES VOLUME— Continued 

Sales, Stores, and Population 



aty 





Sa 


cs, entire year 




Sttxea 


Population 


Per capita sales' 


Rank 


Amounc 






CDwiuand dollars) 


Wumbet) 






(Doibri) 


1948 


1939' 


1948 


1939 


1948 


1939 


1950=^ 


1940 


1948 


1939 


251 


254 


61,270 


20,032 


651 


64^ 


47,396 


42,707 


1,293 


469 


252 


257 


61,250 


19,794 


614 


698 


46,309 


41,572 


1,308 


476 


253 


221 


60,864 


22,307 


893 


%6 


41,291 


41,242 


1,474 


541 


25< 


261 


60,778 


19,703 


406 


432 


39,397 


23,302 


1,543 


846 


255 


235 


60,118 


21,275 


461 


594 


47,639 


44,541 


1,262 


478 


256 


241 


59,993 


20,921 


782 


758 


44,964 


44,355 


1,334 


472 


257 


417 


59,959 


10,252 


698 


336 


36,000 


17,9% 


1,666 


570 


258 


227 


59,958 


21,917 


780 


358 


54,441 


53,750 


1,101 


408 


259 


246 


59,479 


20,422 


459 


450 


39,006 


29,928 


1,525 


682 


260 


238 


59,341 


21,019 


683 


630 


43,250 


42,638 


1,372 


493 


261 


239 


58, %5 


20,974 


573 


672 


45,263 


36,739 


1,302 


570 


262 


256 


58,953 


19,393 


828 


825 


59,142 


55,328 


997 


360 


263 


245 


58,202 


20,469 


609 


619 


34,410 


33,589 


1,691 


609 


264 


301 


57,982 


16,754 


632 


617 


50,819 


44,125 


1,141 


380 


265 


275 


57,901 


18,827 


554 


626 


37,392 


36,919 


1,528 


510 


266 


277 


57,623 


18,576 


423 


389 


31,725 


23,261 


1,816 


799 


267 


280 


57,512 


13,238 


547 


571 


33,307 


30,224 


1,701 


603 


26S 


320 


57,509 


15,415 


617 


562 


51,389 


25,802 


1,108 


597 


269 


300 


57,216 


16,318 


508 


556 


39,504 


35, W7 


1,443 


478 


270 


273 


57,206 


18,888 


463 


469 


39,099 


34,241 


1,463 


552 


271 


279 


57,196 


18,260 


578 


600 


40,934 


39,089 


1,397 


467 


272 


260 


56,982 


19,719 


585 


625 


41,842 


41,213 


1,362 


478 


273 


258 


56,795 


19,735 


501 


587 


34,048 


32,868 


1,668 


602 


274 


296 


56,635 


16,944 


623 


456 


43,293 


37,449 


1,308 


452 


275 


436 


56,297 


3,923 


433 


302 


47,893 


16,198 


1,175 


551 


276 


286 


56,197 


17,747 


644 


770 


43,245 


49,839 


1,300 


356 


277 


219 


55,751 


22,374 


1,193 


1,290 


76,657 


79,193 


727 


282 


278 


302 


55,174 


16,670 


539 


572 


38,864 


23,279 


1,420 


589 


279 


234 


54,803 


21,415 


564 


468 


37,632 


39,483 


1,456 


542 


280 


287 


54,619 


17,457 


421 


447 


43,534 


33,333 


1,255 


455 


281 


319 


54, 3«) 


15,490 


479 


466 


31,817 


30,579 


1,703 


506 


282 


204 


53,965 


23,665 


482 


613 


35,695 


37,651 


1,512 


628 


233 


228 


53,675 


21,325 


551 


562 


67,878 


69,160 


791 


316 


284 


251 


53,592 


20,312 


444 


476 


31,473 


29,822 


1,703 


681 


285 


285 


53,349 


18,109 


497 


533 


35,597 


32,''59 


1,499 


553 


286 


278 


53,155 


18,538 


429 


456 


35,508 


28,798 


1,497 


644 


287 


308 


53,098 


16,164 


467 


501 


33,524 


30,013 


1,584 


538 


283 


250 


53,052 


20,331 


727 


762 


31,924 


31,383 


1,662 


638 


289 


295 


52,734 


16,986 


617 


636 


41,403 


40,469 


1,274 


420 


290 


281 


52,378 


18,212 


578 


567 


42,485 


40,638 


1,233 


443 


291 


323 


52,348 


14,933 


414 


418 


25,873 


22,241 


2,023 


671 


292 


283 


52,245 


18,127 


660 


663 


38,515 


37,144 


1,356 


433 


293 


325 


52,212 


14,723 


426 


443 


35,976 


28,081 


1,451 


524 


294 


270 


52,072 


19,317 


755 


735 


50,136 


49,303 


1,038 


392 


295 


315 


52,033 


15,719 


463 


427 


34,537 


32,749 


1,506 


480 


296 


265 


51,938 


19,559 


599 


621 


40,424 


37,500 


1,285 


522 


297 


312 


51,892 


15,847 


575 


617 


43,594 


42,775 


1,068 


370 


298 


274 


51,822 


13,337 


437 


620 


34,230 


33,385 


1,512 


566 


299 


224 


51,690 


22,043 


458 


460 


56,952 


49,786 


908 


443 


300 


371 


51 ,687 


12,514 


681 


339 


55,528 


36,975 


931 


338 


301 


217 


51,479 


22,537 


545 


630 


30,916 


69,873 


636 


322 


302 


358 


51,365 


13,050 


520 


457 


35,157 


23,539 


1,461 


554 


303 


370 


51,342 


12,560 


791 


750 


54,124 


54,637 


948 


230 


304 


225 


51,272 


22,020 


593 


738 


59,779 


53,010 


853 


380 


305 


321 


50,924 


15,332 


677 


577 


40,490 


28,840 


1,258 


532 


306 


255 


50,838 


20,003 


699 


704 


49,458 


39,849 


1,028 


502 


307 


281 


50,645 


18,212 


433 


588 


37,296 


34,608 


1,358 


526 


308 


240 


50,516 


20,954 


530 


518 


43,775 


39,807 


1,154 


526 


309 


268 


50,477 


19,365 


570 


612 


42,671 


41,324 


1,183 


463 


310 


271 


49,450 


18,910 


538 


716 


36,663 


40,466 


1,349 


467 


311 


288 


48,936 


17,418 


546 


565 


36,232 


32,491 


1,351 


536 


312 


309 


48,910 


16,032 


418 


430 


33,392 


23,436 


1,443 


564 


313 


193 


48,695 


25,080 


523 


647 


32,904 


37,081 


1,430 


676 


314 


259 


48,507 


19,731 


540 


568 


41,142 


33,598 


1,179 


511 


315 


243 


48,387 


20,618 


465 


468 


48,356 


39,566 


1,001 


521 


316 


299 


48,244 


16,886 


423 


416 


33,039 


27,686 


1,460 


610 


317 


242 


48,190 


20,712 


487 


564 


47,198 


40,020 


1,021 


518 


318 


269 


48,146 


19,356 


600 


562 


30,367 


30,456 


1,535 


636 


319 


405 


47,792 


10,801 


417 


395 


26,141 


21,073 


1,828 


512 


320 


318 


47,586 


15,492 


436 


495 


32,176 


31,255 


1,479 


496 


321 


376 


46,822 


12,278 


578. 


423 


34,685 


27,066 


1,350 


454 


322 


434 


46,754 


9,013 


433 


267 


34,605 


17,428 


1,351 


517 


323 


334 


46,672 


14,501 


506 


467 


35,553 


33,434 


1,312 


434 


324 


338 


46,406 


14,333 


356 


343 


46,817 


25,087 


991 


571 


325 


326 


46,267 


14,709 


654 


554 


44,975 


33,407 


1,029 


440 


326 


341 


46,199 


14,239 


528 


595 


45,184 


41,439 


1,022 


344 


327 


311 


46,049 


15,947 


434 


437 


35,862 


30,745 


1,234 


519 


328 


337 


45,941 


14,390 


439 


475 


31,357 


28,876 


1,465 


493 


329 


317 


45,929 


15,547 


334 


424 


27,593 


27,030 


1,664 


574 


330 


336 


45,736 


14,421 


449 


406 


30,336 


27,263 


1,507 


529 


331 


313 


45,542 


15,844 


345 


352 


29,634 


26,312 


1,537 


602 


332 


263 


45,229 


19,587 


938 


1,120 


50,510 


50,115 


395 


391 


333 


332 


45,212 


14,617 


406 


451 


33,634 


31,220 


1,344 


468 


334 


305 


45,202 


16,360 


376 


333 


58,732 


54,992 


769 


297 


335 


322 


45,149 


15,292 


497 


5X 


29,510 


30,103 


1,530 


508 



la Crosse, via 

Anderson, Ind 

Perth AjDboy, N. J 

Champaign, til 

Lynchburg , Va 

WlUlamsport, Pa 

Fort Lauderdale, Fla 

Holyoke , Mass 

Great Falls, Mont 

Jainestovn, N. Y 

Colorado Springs , Colo 

Iinrlngton, N. J 

Easton, Pa 

Lorain , Ohio 

Danville, lU 

Billings, Mont , 

Everett, Wash..-. , 

San Angelo, Tex 

RlctBond, Ind , 

WauJcegan, 111 

Oshkosh, Vis 

Salem, Mass 

Bloomington, 1 11 

Pensacola, Fla 

Ccnpton, Calif 

Hamtrasck, Mich 

Bayonne, N. J 

T^ler, Tex 

Cumberland, Md 

ngin. 111 

Clarksburg, W. Va 

Steubenvllle, Ohio 

Lakevood, Ohio 

Bangor , Maine 

Port Huron, Mich 

Lafayette, Ind 

Hutchinson, Kans 

Newburgh, N. Y 

Quincy, 111 

Sheboygan, Wis 

Kankakee, 111 

Joplin, Mo 

Enid, Okla 

Voonsocket, R . I 

Danville, Va 

Zanesvllle, Ohio 

Rock Island, lU 

Watertown, N. Y 

Brookline town, Mass.* 

Gadsden, Ala 

Newton, Mass 

Pomona, Calif 

East Chicago , Ind 

Maiden, Mass 

Texarkana, Ark. end Tex 

Norwalk, Conn 

Moline, 111 

Hontclair, N. J 

Fltchburg, Mass 

Portsmouth, Ohio 

Hagerstown, Md 

Appleton, Wis 

Butte, Mont 

Lewlston, Maine , 

Lower Merlon township. Pa.*, 

Burlington, Vt , 

Valtham, Mass 

Hew London, Ccom 

Salina, Kans 

Alton, 111 

Alexandria, La , 

Fayetteville, N. C 

Elkhart, Ind 

Royal Oak, Mich 

Wilmington, N. C 

Council Bluffs, Iowa , 

Eau Claire, Wis , 

Galesburg, 111 

Mason City, Iowa , 

Wausau, Wis 

Rochester, Minn 

Hoboken, N. J 

Middletown, Ohio , 

Cleveland Heights, Ohio 

Parkersburg, W. Va , 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1.46 



RETAIL TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table IJ.— RETAIL STORES 1948 AND 19^9— CITIES WITH 25,000 INHABITANTS OR MORE, RANKED BY 1948 

SALES VOLUME— Continued 

Sai,es, Stores, aj-td Population 



City 



Sales, entire year 



1939^ 



Amount 
(Thousand dollars) 



1948 



1939 



Stores 



1948 



Population 



Per capita sales ^ 

(DolldTl) 



Haverhill, Mass 

Laie Charles, La 

Kokomo, Ind 

Meriden, Conn 

Belltngham, Wash 

Norristovra, Pa 

Sharon, Pa 

Bristol, Term, and Va 

Grand Forks, N. Dak 

Auburn, N. Y 

Kingston, N, Y 

Marlon, Ohio 

Cheyenne , Wyo 

Fort Dodge , Iowa 

Washington, Pa 

Elyria, Ohio, 

Newark, Ohio 

St. Cloud, Minn 

Haaleton, Pa 

New Kensington, Pa 

Wyandotte, Mich 

Paducah, Ky 

West Mils, Wis 

Palo Alto, Calif 

Fond du Lac, Wis 

Petersburg, Va 

West New York, N. J 

Bremerton, Wash 

Rapid City, S. Dak 

Odessa, Tex 

Daytona Beach, Fla 

Meridian, Miss 

Lebanon, Pa. 

Vancouver, Wash 

Burlington, Iowa, 

Belleville, lU 

Charlottesville, Va 

Masslllon, Ohio 

Alameda, Calif 

Jackson, Teon 

Owensboro, Ky 

Fairmont, W. Va 

Hot Springs, Ark 

Ithaca, H. Y 

Marlon, Ind 

Berwyn, 111 

Rcme, Ga 

Amsterdam, N. Y 

Belolt, Wis 

Johnson City, Tenn 

Clifton, N. J 

Tuscaloosa, Ala 

Laredo, Tex 

North Little Rock, Ark.... 
High Point, N. C 

Ottumua, Iowa 

Orange, N. J 

Sandusky, Ohio 

Clinton, Iowa 

Lakeland, Fla 

Medford, Mass 

Norwood, Ohio 

Nashua, N. H 

Pine Bluff, Ark 

Rome, N. Y 

Muskogee, Okla 

South Gate, Calif 

Albany, Ga 

Lawton, Okla 

Chelsea, Mass 

Aimiston, Ala 

Rocky Mount, N. C 

Pemdale , Mich 

Pocatello, Idaho 

Taunton, Mass 

West Hartford town, Conn*. 

Iowa City, Iowa 

Superior, Wis 

San Mateo, Calif 

Hattieeburg, Mlse 

Bloomfield, N. J 

Mlddletown, Conn 

Watertown town, Mass' 

Bluefleid, Va. and W. Vn. . 
Ashltind, Ky 



336 


290 


337 


398 


338 


330 


339 


294 


340 


316 


341 


298 


342 


344 


343 


392 


344 


387 


345 


291 


346 


306 


347 


362 


348 


346 


349 


328 


350 


307 


351 


372 


352 


329 


353 


375 


354 


297 


355 


361 


356 


401 


357 


333 


358 


380 


359 


385 


360 


350 


361 


345 


362 


310 


363 


420 


364 


411 


365 


441 


366 


394 


367 


377 


368 


359 


369 


423 


370 


364 


371 


382 


372 


365 


373 


378 


374 


424 


375 


393 


376 


374 


377 


395 


378 


410 


379 


324 


379 


353 


381 


390 


382 


366 


383 


331 


384 


363 


384 


379 


386 


368 


387 


404 


388 


425 


339 


461 


390 


355 


391 


357 


392 


347 


393 


388 


394 


386 


395 


403 


396 


340 


397 


356 


398 


335 


399 


408 


400 


381 


401 


360 


402 


458 


403 


419 


404 


447 


405 


352 


406 


440 


407 


422 


408 


459 


409 


389 


410 


343 


411 


428 


412 


391 


413 


327 


4W 


445 


415 


439 


416 


349 


417 


383 


418 


373 


419 


397 


420 


402 



45,055 
44,565 
44,496 
44,266 
44,170 

43,860 
43,6% 
43,669 
43,400 
43,099 

43,013 
42,807 
42,752 
42,751 
42,601 

42,567 
42,152 
42,150 
42,131 
41,952 

41,734 
41,655 
41,468 
41,442 
41,406 

40,737 
40,542 
40,408 
40,343 
40,306 

40,199 
40,039 
39,828 
39,309 
39,668 

39,639 
39,443 
39,441 
39,214 
39,191 

39,124 
39,091 
38,989 
38,977 
38,977 

38,914 
38,702 
38,439 
38,429 
38,429 

38,396 
38,346 
38,234 
37,975 
37,955 

37,953 
37,829 
37,795 
37,6% 
37,405 

37,404 
37,276 
37,156 
37,143 
37,071 

36,718 
36,647 
36,526 
36,192 
35,892 

35,724 
35,198 
35,150 
35,125 
35,024 

35,009 
34,993 
34,964 
34,920 
34,758 

34,660 
34,360 
34,093 
33, %9 
33,768 



17,339 
11,316 
14,657 
16,994 
15,602 

16,922 
13,895 
11,502 
11,807 
17,156 

16,323 
12,834 
13,816 
14 ,669 
16,294 

12,444 
14,666 
12,288 
16,935 
12,898 

11,034 
U,592 
12,001 
11,905 
13,485 

13,862 
15,971 
10,009 
10,450 
8,422 

11,403 
12,215 
12,936 
9,661 
12,777 

U,960 
12,740 
12, 119 
9,611 
11,473 

12,355 
11,366 
10,468 
14,828 
13,307 

11,672 
12,719 
14,644 
12,825 
12,002 

12,618 

10,872 

9,609 

7,315 

13,253 

13,184 
13,756 
11,784 
11,900 
10,978 

U,230 
13,186 
14,483 
10,677 
11,967 

12,901 
7,451 

10,023 
8,234 

13,392 

8,447 
9,765 
7,335 
11,733 
13,937 

9,420 
11,624 
14,706 
8,349 
8,461 

13,564 
11,929 
12,370 
11,332 
10,999 



660 
465 
504 
656. 
490 

532 

375 
424 
236 
582 

577 
432 
364 
366 
447 

339 
495 
323 
618 
376 

379 
531 
483 
312 
447 

502 
687 
336 
325 
361 

566 

520 
506 
354 
404 

467 
310 
421 
420 
454 

456 
424 
649 
364 
431 

474 
476 
552 
385 
401 

717 
433 
651 
605 
483 

421 
533 
406 
414 
471 

397 
416 
429 
543 
524 

579 
412 
420 
450 
563 

424 
410 
207 
326 
475 

275 
295 
503 
325 
429 

565 
377 
318 
334 
375 



687 
355 
529 
714 
547 

642 
384 
309 
270 
642 

593 
403 
333 
398 
472 

367 
498 
456 
605 
336 

355 
486 
500 
246 
477 

432 
755 
316 
279 
208 

529 
450 
501 
350 
436 

448 
326 
453 
357 
348 

448 
329 
513 
370 
487 

516 
350 
586 
390 
384 

598 
347 
477 
386 
470 

478 
629' 
472 
465 
487 

467 
415 
457 
456 
493 

576 
328 
336 
307 
549 

328 
348 
202 
316 
523 

211 
299 
572 
307 
322 

558 
347 
354 
339 
413 



47,213 
41,202 
38,600 
43,747 
33,934 

38,193 
26,305 
32,618 
26,617 
36,667 

28,860 
33,786 
31,307 
25,025 
25,393 

30,197 
34,178 
28,375 
35,486 
25,226 

36,666 
32,430 
42,945 
25,290 
29,826 

34,948 
37,754 
27,746 
25,179 
29,432 

29,254 

41,709 
28,134 
41,449 
30,639 

32,701 
25,909 
29,524 
63,425 
30,098 

33,983 
29,273 
29,298 
29,395 
30,059 

51,176 
29,617 
32,269 
29,541 
27,773 

64,567 
46,364 
51,694 
42,142 
39,930 

33,640 
38,413 
29,060 
30,151 
30,846 

66,109 
34,626 
34,666 

37,147 
41,379 

37,255 
50,634 
30,987 
34,527 
39,038 

31,150 
27,644 
29,670 
25,832 
40,056 

44,401 
27,418 
35,091 
41,536 
29,432 

49,313 
29,665 
37,339 
25,545 
31,228 



46,752 
21,207 
33,795 
39,494 
29,314 

38,181 
25,622 
23,772 
20,228 
35,753 

28,539 
30,817 
22,474 
22,904 
26,166 

25,120 
31,487 
24,173 
33,009 
24,055 

30,613 
33,765 
36,364 
16,774 
27,209 

30,631 
39,439 
15,134 
13,844 
9,573 

22,584 
35,481 
27,206 
18,788 
25,832 

28,405 
19,400 
26,644 
36,256 
24,332 

30,245 
23,105 
21,370 
19,730 
26,767 

48,451 
26,282 
33,329 
25,365 
25,332 

48,327 
27,493 
39,274 
21,137 
38,495 

31,570 
35,717 
24,874 
26,270 
22,063 

63,083 
34,010 
32,927 
21,290 
34,214 

32,332 
26,945 
19,055 
18,055 
41,259 

25,523 
25,568 
22,523 

18,133 
37,395 

33,776 
17,182 
35,136 
19,403 
21,026 

41,623 
26,495 
35,427 
24,562 
29,537 



954 
1,082 
1,153 
1,012 
1,302 

1,U8 
1,661 
1,339 

1,630 
1,175 

1,490 
1,267 
1,344 
1,708 
1,645 

1,410 
1,233 
1,485 
1,187 
1,663 

1,138 
1,234 
966 
1,639 
1,388 

1,166 
1,074 
1,456 
1,602 
1,369 

1,374 

960 
1,416 

960 
1,295 

1,212 
1,522 
1,336 
618 
1,302 

1,151 
1,335 
1,331 
1,326 
1,297 

760 
1,307 
1,193 
1,301 
1,383 

595 

827 
740 
901 
950 

1,128 
985 
1,300 
1,250 
1,213 

566 
1,076 
1,072 
1,000 

896 

986 

723 

1,179 

1,048 

919 

1,147 
1,273 
1,185 
1,357 
874 

788 

1,276 

996 

841 

1,181 

703 
1,158 

913 
1,330 
1,081 



See footnotes at end of table. 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1.47 



Tabic IJ.— RETAIL STORES 1948 AND 19}9— CITIES WITH 25,000 INHABITANTS OR MORE, RANKED BY 1948 

SALES VOLUME— Continued 

Sales, Stores, and Population 





Silc«, entuT year 


Stores 

(Number) 


Population 


Per capita sales^ 
(Dollarj) 


atir 


Rank 


AiDOunt 

(Thmuttni dolkrs) 




1948 


1939" 


1948 


1939 


1948 


1939 


1950' 


1940 


1948 


1939 




4J1 
422 
423 
424 
425 

426 
427 
42n 
429 
430 

431 
432 
433 
434 
435 

436 
437 
438 
439 
440 

441 
442 
443 
444 
445 

446 
447 
448 
449 
450 

451 
452 
453 
454 
455 

456 
457 
458 
459 
460 

461 
462 
463 
464 
465 

466 
467 
468 
469 
470 

471 
472 
473 
474 
475 

476 
477 
478 
479 
480 

481 
482 
483 
484 
485 

486 
487 
488 
489 
490 

491 
492 
493 
494 
495 

496 
497 
498 
499 
500 
501 


416 
367 
369 
407 
413 

414 
437 
450 
460 
421 

456 
406 
418 
415 
446 

409 
384 
400 
354 
X8 

412 
454 
462 
433 
451 

465 

444 
475 

396 
463 

490 

467 
448 
429 
426 

453 
452 
443 
449 
464 

472 
438 
432 
457 
435 

495 
442 
430 
482 
46; 

491 
455 
487 
466 

431 

494 
488 
470 
492 
486 

481 
468 
493 
484 
471 

489 
497 
476 
485 
473 

480 
483 
477 
478 
474 

479 
501 
496 
499 
498 
500 


33,479 
33,457 
33,283 
33,267 
33,021 

32,847 
32,311 
32,252 
32,075 
32,020 

31,970 
31,883 
31,865 
31,619 
31,600 

31,234 
31 ,039 
' 31,021 
31,015 
30,485 

30,422 
30,210 
30,176 
29,289 
28,856 

28,529 
28,518 
28,094 
27,505 
27,059 

26,752 
26,748 
26,526 
25,993 
25,973 

25,895 
25,705 
25,641 
25,416 
25,215 

24,651 
24,522 
24,222 
24,127 
24,113 

23,895 
23,426 
23,156 
22,716 
21,48- 

21,476 
21,440 
21,391 
20,812 
20,545 

20,141 
20,111 
19,658 
19,278 
19,047 

18,775 
18,623 
18,553 
18,421 
18,398 

17,725 
17,421 
16,978 
15,938 
15,805 

14,936 
14,239 
14,029 
13,434 
13,362 

12,670 
12,471 
12,167 
11,645 
9,779 
6,733 


10,284 
12,695 
12,614 
10,723 
10,390 

10,361 
8,492 
8,128 
7,326 
9,867 

7,664 
10,772 
10,213 
10,315 

8,296 

10,498 
11,913 
11,054 
13,259 
13,646 

10,423 
7,789 
7,179 
9,023 
8,021 

6,773 
8,354 
5,758 
11,346 
7,024 

4,333 
6,492 
8,227 
9,410 
9,537 

7,863 
7,993 
8,362 
8,204 
6,879 

6,128 
8,466 
9,091 
7,651 
8,989 

3,738 
8,393 
9,361 
5,237 
6,249 

4,263 
7,730 
4,780 
6,667 
9,166 

3,803 
4,779 
6,233 
4,164 
4,852 

5,305 
6,312 
3,969 
5,203 
6,147 

4,555 
2,872 
5,719 
5,090 
6,009 

5,382 
5,235 
5,606 
5,558 
5,928 

5,462 
1,699 
2,876 
2,746 
2,869 
2,546 


MS 
400 
418 
413 
307 

288 
387 
449 
368 
339 

341 
353 
322 
344 
428 

310 
382 
490 
501 
336 

446 
272 
283 
371 
307 

411 
381 
429 
325 
434 

338 
442 
244 
438 
488 

507 
354 
342 
371 
224 

358 
329 
4A5 
356 
460 

313 
267 
272 
131 
236 

209 
412 
315 
210 
338 

136 
238 
245 
379 
420 

410 
197 
294 
371 
364 

220 
239 
444 
112 
272 

201 
244 
177 
390 
246 

377 
196 
170 
161 
143 
115 


311 
380 
582 
395 
336 

364 
274 
482 
280 

301 

254 
379 
337 
337 
274 

316 
415 
436 
484 
324 

407 
212 
229 
352 
231 

242 
368 
398 
369 
320 

212 
401 
283 
427 
522 

492 
324 
299 
364 
215 

316 
351 
468 
321 
456 

144 
250 
299 
109 
234 

160 
455 
208 
256 
370 

142 
204 
202 
279 
369 

389 
180 
231 
338 
340 

235 

142 
395 
108 
282 

194 
233 
241 
455 
265 

435 
114 
134 
175 
144 
121 


31,731 
25,136 
31,015 
28,379 
25,446 

26,112 
27,158 
29,297 
26,577 
28,102 

25,572 
27,845 
39,875 
28,191 
29,914 

31,281 
27,444 
27,770 
32,090 
27,934 

35,873 
28,899 
25,342 
27,893 
27,547 

28,471 
32,878 
36,176 
28,998 
33,465 

27,498 
30,434 
36,832 
55,130 
40,399 

48,939 
27,344 
26,067 
25,048 
29,076 

37,989 
35,791 
45,739 
29,129 
39,828 

26,248 
29,340 
43,934 

27,980 
39,595 

29,265 
36,663 
26,833 
27,409 
23,855 

41,447 
26,972 
32,789 
37,034 
35,660 

27,646 
33,300 
25,208 
32,059 
31,876 

33,620 
25,534 
43,027 
26,178 
32,695 

27,379 
26,746 
26,919 
27,605 
28,624 

46,109 
40,182 
39,425 
28,738 
28,852 
34,045 


18,399 
24,379 
30,631 
26,476 
16,655 

22,405 
16,240 
25,414 
13,757 
20,650 

13,482 
23,214 
39,495 
20,870 
20,892 

29,853 
24,404 
26,988 
30,532 
27,171 

30,167 
18,071 
12,453 
24,028 
20,325 

22,826 
28,298 
22,063 
24,794 
19,210 

14,601 
24,115 
16,066 
47,085 
39,714 

41,664 
24,460 
27,023 
24,046 
20,546 

24,730 
32,165 
46,784 
22,974 
39,467 

11,610 
18,615 
40,013 
23,393 
33,023 

15,236 
34,405 
16,679 
26,648 
25,537 

17,866 
11,429 
25,275 
17,475 
27,191 

24,058 
27,769 
13,092 
23,167 
30,021 

22,530 
10,982 
28,757 
19,571 
23,868 

26,867 
21,954 
25,333 
28,044 
25,662 

37,192 
15,436 
27,594 
20,857 
16,365 
23,376 


1,055 
1,331 
1,073 
1,172 
1,298 

1,258 
1,190 
1,101 
1,207 
1,139 

1,250 
1,145 
799 
1,122 
1,056 

998 

1,131 

1,117 

966 

1,039 

848 
1,045 
1,191 
1,050 
1,048 

1,002 
867 
776 
948 
808 

973 
879 
720 
471 
643 

529 
940 
984 
1,015 
867 

649 
685 
529 
823 
605 

910 
793 
526 
812 
543 

734 
585 
797 
759 
712 

486 

746 
600 
520 
534 

679 
559 
736 
574 
577 

527 
682 
394 
611 
483 

546 
532 
521 
487 
467 

275 
310 
309 
405 
339 
198 


559 


Lockport, N. T 


521 
412 




405 




624 




462 




523 




320 




532 




478 


Roswell N. Hex 


568 




464 




258 




494 




397 




352 




438 




410 




434 




502 




346 




431 




576 




376 




395 




297 




295 




261 




458 




366 


San Leandro, Calif 


297 
269 




512 




200 


Korth Bergen township, N, J.* 


240 

189 




327 




309 




341 




335 




248 


tBst Providence town^ R. I.* 


263 
194 


Granite Clty> 111 


333 




228 




322 


East Hartford town, Conn.* ■ 


451 
234 


Shnlc^r Helg^tR, Oh^o. . . , 


224 


University City, Mo 


189 


Lincoln Park, Mich 


280 




225 




286 


Maywood, 111 


250 




359 




213 




418 




247 
238 


Voodbrldge township, N. J.* 


178 
220 




227 


Redondo Beach, Calif 


303 




185 




205 




202 




262 


Warwick, R, I 


199 
260 


Weyitt3uth town. Mass , * 


252 


n*»livTit T'-vn, Mric,*, , 


200 




238 
221 


Garfield, N. J 


198 




231 




W7 


District 12, BalttiKire Co., Md,* 


110 
104 




132 




175 




109 







n.a. Not avallahle or not applicable. 

^ Ranking are not identical with those shown in the 1939 Census of Business because this table is not based on the same list of cities used in 1939. 

^ Based on advance 1950 population estimates, 

^ Per capita sales is ratio of sales to population in nearest census year. 

* Classified as urban under special rule. 



1.48 



RETAIL TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table I.K.— RETAIL STORES: 1948 AND 1939— CITIES WITH 10,000 TO 24,999 INHABITANTS 

Salbs, Stores, ani9 Populatton 



Qty 



Sales, entire year 
(Thoujdnd dollars) 



1948 



1939 



Stcres 
(?<umbCT) 



Population 



19502 



Per capita sales^ 
(Dolbrt) 



aty 



Sales, entire year 


Stares 


Population 


Per capiu sales ^ 


(Tlutuind dollori) 


(Number) 




(Dolkrs) 


1948 


1939 


1948 


1939 


19502 


1940 


1948 


1939 


18,555 


4,540 


244 


165 


13,6C» 


7,444 


1,363 


610 


25,927 


10,162 


300 


293 


17,231 


17,691 


1,500 


574 


22,970 


6,935 


234 


234 


12,553 


12,071 


1,329 


574 


10,900 


3,413 


144 


165 


23,130 


16,378 


471 


208 


16,975 


6,214 


157 


162 


11,494 


10,983 


1,477 


566 


15,680 


5,643 


184 


232 


11,885 


11,718 


1,319 


482 


6,967 


1,204 


63 


55 


12,312 


7,552 


566 


159 


23,917 


9,577 


356 


304 


18,385 


15,992 


1,573 


599 


K,23S 


3,611 


242 


229 


12,690 


11,395 


1,122 


304 


6,058 


2,353 


175 


176 


12,311 


11,159 


492 


211 


5,717 


1,497 


107 


123 


15,484 


10,817 


369 


138 


20,16* 


6,851 


279 


297 


20,140 


13,398 


1,001 


511 


18,i47 


5,514 


294 


243 


18,086 


15,035 


1,020 


367 


14,076 


4,202 


192 


163 


10,943 


8,658 


1,286 


485 


24,686 


6,984 


287 


205 


18,072 


11,842 


1,366 


590 


14,125 


4,729 


230 


216 


10,289 


9,727 


1,373 


486 


31,674 


11,768 


241 


226 


19,817 


15,940 


1,598 


738 


14,972 


4,257 


209 


244 


12,033 


10,905 


1,239 


390 


33,748 


9,392 


391 


239 


24,495 


12,198 


1,378 


770 


45,763 


16,420 


390 


400 


23,511 


24,477 


1,946 


671 


12,695 


4,684 


151 


170 


10,345 


9,355 


1,227 


475 


12,554 


4,731 


200 


219 


12,217 


14,407 


1,028 


328 


18,966 


5,182 


151 


128 


10,462 


7,272 


1,813 


712 


8,554 


2,524 


232 


224 


15,777 


13,241 


542 


191 


14,567 


4,945 


211 


231 


10,366 


10,102 


1,405 


490 


20,494 


6,570 


252 


248 


14,693 


15,044 


1,395 


437 


14,336 


3,970 


205 


155 


11, XI 


8,975 


1,264 


442 


4,756 


1,862 


138 


166 


12,830 


13,785 


371 


135 


15,767 


4,765 


205 


201 


12,049 


12,599 


1,308 


378 


18,395 


5,328 


193 


220 


11,910 


11,577 


1,544 


460 


26,132 


8,950 


319 


303 


21,539 


19,426 


1,213 


461 


13,341 


3,944 


154 


170 


10,911 


8,550 


1,223 


461 


15,276 


6,559 


272 


317 


16,235 


19,371 


941 


338 


22,503 


7,415 


300 


259 


16,232 


13,984 


1,386 


530 


21,266 


4,662 


239 


125 


17,915 


7,116 


1,187 


655 


16,164 


5,641 


194 


204 


12,154 


12,663 


1,330 


445 


8,298 


2,864 


204 


184 


13,003 


11,976 


638 


239 


14,410 


4,617 


229 


241 


11,150 


10,535 


1,292 


436 


39,118 


11,632 


298 


287 


23,557 


17,964 


1,660 


648 


13,346 


4,346 


159 


196 


14,336 


9,349 


931 


465 


12,027 


4,799 


322 


350 


23,610 


25,248 


509 


190 


23,052 


10,023 


254 


279 


13,814 


16,343 


1,669 


613 


26,410 


8,126 


314 


296 


17,205 


14,852 


1,535 


547 


13,194 


4,225 


195 


212 


10,241 


10,142 


1,288 


416 


14,360 


4,157 


172 


198 


10,277 


8,681 


1,397 


479 


10,931 


4,255 


133 


128 


22,578 


19,082 


484 


223 


30,029 


8,520 


359 


385 


24,369 


22 ,461 


1,232 


379 


30,445 


9,460 


285 


283 


12,210 


9,287 


2,493 


1,019 


18,958 


5,957 


275 


277 


15,753 


14,111 


1,203 


422 


30,872 


10,776 


351 


334 


20,121 


20,129 


1,534 


535 


16,299 


5,069 


176 


185 


11,072 


10,368 


1,472 


489 


13,351 


1,724 


159 


83 


15,844 


5,138 


843 


336 


16,110 


4,361 


241 


197 


19,418 


16,381 


830 


266 


17,679 


5,832 


211 


170 


12,058 


12,144 


1,466 


480 


22,995 


5,778 


303 


224 


16,515 


12,168 


1,392 


475 


19,942 


5,130 


258 


233 


16,208 


11,831 


1,230 


434 


30,822 


7,462 


189 


123 


15,925 


13,069 


1,935 


571 


22,925 


5,636 


309 


261 


15,535 


10,136 


1,476 


556 


• 15,732 


4,499 


247 


240 


12,845 


10,558 


1,225 


426 


15,641 


4,354 


224 


192 


12,445 


11,351 


1,257 


384 


9,864 


3,921 


244 


241 


17,123 


16,392 


576 


232 


12,656 


4,875 


195 


209 


12,295 


12,440 


1,029 


392 


24,158 


7,436 


224 


■213 


17,168 


10,065 


1,407 


739 


19,663 


7,880 


231 


291 


13,839 


14,006 


1,421 


563 


15,789 


4,586 


205 


167 


12,189 


10,049 


1,295 


456 


21,889 


6,659 


316 


320 


17,114 


17,355 


1,279 


384 


14,436 


5,174 


285 


319 


21,235 


21,955 


680 


236 


4,313 


1,288 


81 


68 


14,464 


8,213 


298 


157 


16,557 


4,932 


171 


145 


15,255 


12 ,685 


1,085 


389 


11,870 


3,550 


168 


194 


11,907 


9,767 


997 


363 


9,141 


2,180 


167 


125 


14,420 


9,686 


634 


225 


9,149 


3,097 


206 


338 


11,962 


11,547 


765 


268 


18,866 


5,710 


237 


207 


10,921 


10,579 


1,727 


540 


23,603 


7,111 


312 


265 


18,365 


11,738 


1,285 


606 


16,176 


5,017 


294 


213 


17,170 


13,645 


942 


368 


20,044 


6,773 


251 


213 


16,720 


15,572 


1,199 


435 


11,104 


4,257 


160 


173 


10,073 


9,355 


1,102 


455 


19,497 


7,079 


221 


240 


13,302 


13,608 


1,466 


520 


16,279 


5,103 


179 


210 


15,545 


12,898 


1,047 


396 


7,611 


2,455 


162 


164 


10,909 


10,776 


698 


228 


25,543 


4,980 


279 


127 


19,668 


8,294 


1,299 


600 


11,486 


3,936 


154 


126 


10,491 


11,086 


1,095 


355 


20,304 


7,617 


286 


292 


17,723 


16,212 


1,146 


470 


9,931 


3,291 


163 


146 


10,219 


8,764 


972 


376 


8,642 


2,416 


97 


9. 


12,423 


6,932 


696 


348 



Aberdeen, S. Dak 

Aberdeen, Wash 

Ada, Okla 

Adams town, Mass.' 

Adrian, Mich 

Albany, Oreg 

Albany, Calif 

Albemarle , N . C 

Albert Lea, Minn 

Albion, Mich 

Alice, Tex 

Allen Park, Mich 

Alpena, Mich 

Ambrldge , Pa 

Americas , Ga 

Ames, Iowa 

Amesbury town, Mass.*.. 
Amherst town, Mass.*.... 

Anaconda , Mont 

Anaheijn, Calif 

Anderson, S. C 

Andover town, Mass.*.... 

Annapolis, Md 

Ansonia, Conn 

Antioch, Calif 

Arcadia, Calif 

Ardmore, Okla 

Arkansas, Kans 

Arnold , Pa 

Asbury Park, N. J 

Ashland, Ohio 

Ashland, Wis 

Ashtabula , Ohio 

Astoria, Oreg 

Atchison, Kans 

Athens, Ohio 

Athol town, Mass.* 

Attleboro, Mass 

Auburn, Ala 

Auburn, Maine 

Augusta , Maine 

Austin, Minn 

Azusa, Calif 

Barnstable town. Mass.*. 
Barre, Vt 

Bartlesville, Okla 

Bastrop , I^ 

Batavia, N. Y 

Bath, Maine 

Baytown, Tex 

Beacon, N. Y 

Beatrice, Hebr 

Beaver Dam, Wis 

Beaver Falls, Pa 

Beckley, W. Va 

Bedford, Ind 

Bell, Calif 

Bellaire, Ohio 

Bellaire , Tex 

Belief ontaine, Ohio 

Bellevue, Pa 

Bend, Oreg 

Benton Harbor, Mich 

Berea, Ohio 

Bergenfield, N. J 

Berkley, Mich 

Berlin, N. H 

Berwick, Pa 

Bexley, Ohio 

Blddeford, Maine 

Big Spring, Tex 

Birmingham, Mich 

Bismarck, H. Dak 

Blocmsburg, Pa 

Blue Island, 111 

Blythevllle, Ark 

Bogalusa, I^ 

Boone, lo-va 

Borger , Tex 

Bossier, l£ 

Boulder, Colo 

Bowling Green, Ky 

Bowling Green, Ohio 

BDzeman, Mont 

Braddock, Pa , 



38,862 
33,717 
23,091 
8,744 
28,619 

24,544 
14,005 
15,494 
24,125 
10,479 

17,303 
4,054 
15,609 
26,428 
13,194 

22,331 

7,637 
7,312 
11,226 
19,809 

34,601 
6,941 
22,044 
17,472 
9,864 

20,439 
21,696 
15,847 
6,275 
49,702 

19,057 
15,095 
32,355 
23,067 
13,901 

17,937 
11,937 
19,070 
5,346 
19,450 

22,149 
30,037 
7,891 
20,562 
16,321 

22,535 
12,053 
28,024 
11,313 
26,164 

15,749 
18,461 
15,234 
31,324 
36,196 

18,684 
16,194 
12,808 
1,780 
18,072 

9,910 
17,247 
35,405 

9,263 
10,410 

6,719 
14,613 
14,373 

5,367 
22,083 

25,801 
22,958 
32,623 
14,834 
21,376 

25,315 
14,991 
15,875 
25,619 
11,106 

20,458 
26,634 
15,343 
18,493 
31,885 



9,489 
12,018 
8,104 
3,551 
8,160 

4,652 
2,800 
4,648 
8,045 
3,366 

4,675 
316 
5,380 
7,860 
3,697 

3,047 
3,653 
3,059 
5,091 
5,535 

8,864 
2,929 
9,264 
6,748 
1,829 

3,795 
6,770 
5,372 
1,722 
17,100 

6,934 
5,266 
11,435 
7,381 
4,322 

5,958 
5,025 
7,551 
1,573 
5,301 

3,939 
9,623 
1,433 
6,473 
7,199 

8,212 
2,484 
10,213 
4,932 
(') 

4,707 

5,575 

4,580 

10,628 

10,292 

5,214 

3,993 

4,596 

(') 

5,312 

3,586 
6,505 
10,306 
2,610 
3,460 

1,516 
6,228 
3,951 
1,059 
8,662 

9,109 
6,632 
8,878 
4,997 
6,837 

7,176 
4,352 
6,222 
5,908 
2,820 

6,662 

7,322 
4,604 
7,019 
11,136 



290 
331 
271 
176 
291 

210 
158 
193 
229 
134 



197 
344 
210 

186 
149 
86 
163 
241 

296 
105 
249 
326 

152 

208 
300 
239 
102 
601 

195 
212 
343 
211 
219 

164 
171 
242 



265 

258 
107 
275 
179 

240 
156 
282 
166 
303 

215 
200 
185 
326 
292 

250 
196 
213 
18 
198 

84 
188 
343 
110 
153 

90 
223 
213 



343 
157 
203 
177 
220 

326 
2y7 
175 
238 
153 

246 
313 
165 
150 
334 



294 
379 
289 
179 
272 

168 
109 
122 
233 
142 



203 
277 
196 

200 
202 
118 
167 
195 

288 
144 
243 
341 
90 

125 
301 
241 
89 
532 

202 
192 
380 
262 
236 

187 
148 
269 
73 
236 

294 
246 
80 
214 
230 

255 
90 
282 
179 
V) 

213 
246 
194 
335 
249 

232 
173 
260 
(') 
202 

76 
162 
310 
117 
147 

55 
242 
181 

36 
370 

307 
154 
196 
170 
230 

246 
189 
234 
164 
89 

234 
297 
184 
167 
359 



20,976 
19 ,475 
15,935 
12,027 
18,402 

10,076 
17,545 
11,751 
13,488 
10,395 

16,414 
12,293 
13,053 
16,415 
11,367 

23,105 
10,610 
10,850 
11,221 
14,522 

19,718 
12,261 
15,016 
18,711 
10,933 

23,041 
17,631 
12,887 
10,271 
17,035 

14,277 
10,594 
23,093 
12,220 
12,759 

11,604 
11,540 
23,665 
12,943 
23,073 

20,900 
23,035 
11,072 
10,397 
10,866 

19,262 
12,775 
17,807 
10,594 
22,927 

14,110 
11,788 
11,833 
17,335 
19,255 

12,566 
15,206 
12,553 
10,147 
10,259 

11,573 
11,347 
18,612 
11,964 
17,611 

17,913 
16,545 
14,022 
12,235 
20,785 

17,258 
15,370 
18,544 
10,621 
17,530 

16,221 
17,722 
12,126 
17,949 
15,368 

19,916 
17,427 
11,972 
11,252 
16,518 



17,015 
13,846 
15,143 
12,608 
14,230 

5,654 
11,493 

4,060 
12,200 
8,345 

7,792 

3,487 

12,808 

18,968 

9,281 

12,555 
10,862 
6,410 
11,004 
11,031 

19,424 
11,122 
13,069 
19,210 
5,106 

9,122 
16,886 
12,752 
10,393 
14,617 

12,453 
11,101 
21,405 
10,389 
12,648 

7,696 
11,180 
22,071 

4,652 

19,317 

19,360 
18,307 
5,209 
8,333 
10,909 

16,267 
6,626 
17,267 
10,235 
(') 

12,572 
10,383 
10,356 
17,093 
12,852 

12,514 
11,264 
13,799 
1,124 
9,808 

10,488 
10,021 
16,668 
6,025 
10,275 

6,406 
19,084 
13,161 

6,705 
19,790 

12,604 
11,196 
15,496 
9,799 
16,636 

10,652 
14,604 
12,373 
10,018 
5,786 

12,956 
14,585 
7,190 
8,665 
16,326 



1,853 
1,731 
1,449 
727 
1,555 

2,436 
798 
1,318 
1,789 
1,008 

1,054 
330 

1,196 
1,610 
1,161 

966 

711 

674 

1,000 

1,364 

1,755 
566 

1,463 
934 
898 

889 
1,217 
1,230 

611 
2,918 

1,335 
1,425 

1,401 
1,833 
1,090 

1,546 

1,034 

806 

413 

343 

1,060 

1,304 

713 

1,973 

1,502 

1,172 

943 

1,574 

1,068 

1,141 

1,U6 
1,566 
1,287 
1,807 
1,830 

1,503 
1,065 
1,020 
175 
1,762 

656 
1,520 

1,902 
774 
591 

375 
883 

1,025 
439 

1,062 

1,495 
1,494 
1,759 
1,401 
1,216 

1,561 

846 

1,309 

1,427 

723 

1,027 
1,540 
1,262 
1,644 
1,930 



558 
638 
535 
282 
573 

823 
244 
1,145 
659 
403 

600 
91 
459 
414 
398 

641 
336 
477 
463 
502 

456 
263 
709 
351 
358 

416 
401 
421 
158 

1,170 

557 
474 
534 
758 
38l 

774 
449 
342 
333 
293 

.462 
526 
275 
777 
660 

505 
375 
591 
482 
(') 

374 
512 
442 
622 
801 

417 
354 
333 
(') 
542 

342 
649 
648 
466 
337 

237 
326 
300 
122 
438 

723 
592 

573 
510 
414 

674 
298 
503 
590 
487 

514 
502 
640 
810 
608 



Bradenton, Fla 

Bradford , Pa 

Brainerd, Minn 

Braintree town, Mass.*.. 
Brattleboro village, Vt,* 

Brawley, Calif 

Brentwood , Pa 

Bridgeton, N. J 

Bristol, Pa 

Bristol town, R. I.* 

Brookfleld, 111 

Brownwood, Tex 

Brunswick , Ga 

Brunswick, Maine 

Bryan, Tex 

Bucyrus, Ohio 

Burlingajne, Calif 

Burlington, N. J 

Burlington, N. C 

Butler, Pa ■ 

Cadillac, Mich 

Cairo, 111 

Caldwell , Idaho 

Calumet City, 111 

Cambridge, Md 

Cambridge , Ohio 

Camden, Ark 

Campbell, Ohio 

Canonsburg, Pa 

Canton, 111 

Cape Girardeau, Mo 

Carbondale, 111 

Carbondale , Pa 

Carlisle , Pa 

Carlsbad, N. Mex 

Carnegie , Pa 

Carteret, N. J 

Carthage , Mo l 

Casper, Wyo 

Cedar Falls, Iowa 

Central Falls, R. I 

Centralia, 111 

Chambersburg, Pa 

Chanute , Kans 

Charles City, Iowa 

Cheltenham twp,. Pa.'... 

Chicago Heights , 111 

Chico, Calif 

Chickaaha, Okla 

Chillicothe, Ohio 

Chippewa Falls, Wis 

Chula Vista, Calif 

Clairton, Pa 

Claremont, N. H 

Clarksdale, Miss 

Clarksville, Tenn 

Clayton, Mo 

Clearwater, Fla 

Cleburne, Tex 

Cleveland, Tenn 

Cliff side Park, N. J 

Clinton, Mass 

Clovis, N. Mex 

Coatesville, Pa 

Coeur d'Alene, Idaho.... 

Coffeyvllle, Kans 

echoes, N. Y 

College Park, Ga 

Colllngswood, N. J 

Colllnsville, 111 

Col ton, Calif 

Columbia , Pa 

Columbia, Tenn 

Columbus, Ind 

Columbus, Miss 

Concord, N. C 

Conneaut, Ohio 

Connellsvllle, Pa 

Connersvllle, Ind 

Conshohocken , Pa 

Coral GAbles, Fla 

Coraopolls, Pa 

Coming, N. Y,. 

Corona, Calif 

Coronado, Calif 



See footnotes at end of table. 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1.49 



Tabic I.K.— FETAIL STORES: 1948 AND 1939— CITIES WITH 10,000 TO 24,999 INHABITANTS-Continucd 



Salbs, Stores, and Population 



City 



Sales, entire year 
(TTiomanJ dolian) 



Stcca 

(Number) 



Population 



195CH 



Per capita saleai 
(DolUiri) 



City 



Sales, entire year 

{Tknuand dollari) 



1»48 



Stores 

(Number) 



Popubtioh 



19J02 1940 



Per capita sales ^ 
(Dollari) 



1948 


1939 


885 


416 


1,410 


624 


657 


211 


969 


311 


1,530 


507 


1,322 


535 


102 


139 



forslcana , Tex 

Cortland, N. Y 

Corvallls, Oreg 

Coshocton, Ohio 

Cranf ord twp , , N . J . ' 



Cravf ordsvl lie , Ind . . . 

Crowley, La 

Cudahy, Vis 

Culver City, Calif 

Cunberland town, R. I. 



Daly City, Calif 

Oalton, Qa 

Danbury, Coin 

Danvers town, Mass.'. 
Darhy, Pa 



Dartaouth town, hbss. 

Decatur, Ala 

Decatur, Ga 

Dedham town, Mass.'... 
Defiance, Ohio 

De Kalb, 111 

Del Rio, Tex 

Delaware, Ohio 

Denison, Tex 

Denton, Tex 



Derby, Conn 

Des Plalnes, 111 

District 13, Baltiaiore 

County, Md.' 

District 1511, Center 

Hill, Ca.' 

Dlion, 111 

Dodge City, Kans 

Donora, Pa 

DorBODt, Pa 

Dothan, Ala 

Dover, N. H 



Dover, N. J 

Downers Grove, 111. 

Dublin, Ga 

Du Bois, Pa 

DUBOnt, N. J 



Duncan, OlEla. . 
Dunkirk, N. Y. 
Dunmope , Pa . . . 
Duquesne, Pa.. 
Durant, Okla.. 



C^rsburg, Tenn 

East Detroit, Mich 

Easthanpton, fbss 

East Lansing, Mich 

East Liverpool, Ohio... 



last Mollne, 111. 
■Jast Paterson, N. 
Bast Point, Ga... 

Ecorse, Mich 

Edlnburg, Tex.... 



El Centre, Calif 

El Cerrito, Calif. . . . 

El Dorado, Ark 

El Dorado, Kans 

Elizabeth City, N. C. 



Elizabethton, Tenn. 
Ellwood City, Pa... 

Elmhurst, 111 

Elinwood Park, 111.. 
El Reno, Okla 



Elwood, Ind.. 

Bnporia , Kans 

Endicott, N. Y 

Englewood, Colo 

Englewood, N. J 

Escanaba , Mich 

Eureka, Calif 

Evergreen Park village, 

111.' 

Fairfield, Ala 

Fairhaven town, Mass.'. 

Fair La-Jn, N. J 

Farrell , Pa 

Faribault, Minn 

Fayetteville, Ark 

Fergus Falls, Minn 



Ferguson, Mo 

Findlay, Ohio 

Floral Park, N. Y. ... 

Florence , Ala 

Florence, 3. C 

See footnotes at end of table. 



22.341 
24,817 
21,755 
19,337 
10,725 

18,068 
11,361 
13,649 
21,364 
4,060 

13,393 

18,965 
37,226 
10,817 
13,737 

6,189 
25,505 
20,490 
10,013 
16,831 

20,490 
12,036 
16,669 
21,034 
30,929 

13,159 
15,277 

6,351 

4,495 
19,065 

24,847 
10,888 
14,542 
27,757 
20,676 

23,470 
13,854 
12,758 
20,755 
4,213 

20,772 
21,049 
9,242 
12,460 
13,799 

19,163 
14,650 
6,481 
5,895 
33,488 

12,390 
4,111 
20,890 
11,275 
13,607 

26,170 
11,031 
30,228 
15,329 
16,831 

16,381 
14,307 
19,736 
13,598 
12,581 

11,903 
23,248 
28,897 
20,697 
31,795 

17,986 
43,714 

9,151 
8,971 
4,297 

13,514 
9,020 
15,985 
20,215 
18,547 

6,060 
32,437 
14,845 
25,474 
31,219 



6,959 
10,082 
6,951 
6,601 
3,428 

6,122 
3,692 
2,821 
6,045 
1,673 

3,291 
5,247 
15,602 
3,581 
4,707 

1,931 
6,058 
5,181 
4,206 
4,780 

6,196 
3,812 
5,084 
6,423 
6,138 

4,488 
4,158 



663 
6,639 

5,409 
4,162 
5,106 
6,624 
7,990 

7,287 
4,290 
3,380 
6,266 
1,477 

4,306 
6,820 
3,133 
4,387 
4,816 

3,448 
3,279 
2,738 
2,054 
12,575 

3,335 
1,041 
4,360 
2,259 
2,849 

9,219 

2,792 
9,424 
4, '927 
4,334 

4,241 
5,485 
5,689 
2,487 
4,168 

4,281 
6,776 
9,783 
3,993 
11,206 

6,922 
11,749 



2,824 
1,474 

1,272 
3,169 
5,824 
4,819 
5,862 

1,338 
9,885 
5,528 
6,122 
9,061 



299 
280 
188 
201 
136 

195 
197 
263 
252 
119 

145 
258 
456 

147 
155 

115 
338 
143 
139 
190 

191 
210 
186 
227 
272 

235 
140 



94 

179 

192 
179 
110 
333 
251 

269 
117 
201 
220 
79 



333 
328 
194 
242 
129 

235 

180 
177 
236 
162 

143 
194 
468 
162 
139 

109 
236 
131 
167 
197 

179 
214 
214 
281 
237 

223 
U7 



92 
194 

189 
194 
109 
298 
221 

247 
112 
169 
212 
73 



249 


181 


318 


305 


240 


272 


220 


234 


181 


178 



I 



199 


174 


149 


99 


125 


175 


62 


57 


301 


436 


176 


189 


86 


54 


162 


120 


165 


168 


201 


147 


182 


222 


153 


109 


393 


330 


199 


187 


282 


202 


202 


135 


206 


195 


164 


167 


141 


110 


163 


174 


158 


176 


286 


263 


326 


318 


163 


133 


335 


309 


225 


234 


376 


390 


82 


44 


136 


101 


108 


131 


153 


81 


171 


193 


182 


208 


232 


177 


159 


171 


67 


57 


373 


355 


190 


179 


283 


209 


424 


326 



19,108 
18,120 
16,173 
11,626 
18,708 

12,804 
12,704 
12,090 
19,646 
12,825 

15,111 
15,962 
22,424 
15,702 
13,188 

11,120 
19,879 
21,626 
18,499 
11,270 

11,567 
14,191 
11,783 
17,444 
21,345 

10,264 
14,975 



21,855 
11,532 

11,237 
11,831 
12,731 
21,556 
15,911 

11,210 
11,868 
10,213 
11,466 
13,030 

15,260 
17,965 
20,302 
17,612 
10,521 

1U,B65 
21,373 
10,694 
20,310 
24,072 

13,896 
15,391 
21 ,628 
17,457 
12,340 

12,484 
18,015 
23,047 
10,923 
12,682 

10,734 
12,898 
21,204 
18,771 
10,971 

11,350 
15,560 
20,168 
16,619 
23,092 

15,068 
22,913 

10,515 
12,219 
12,811 

23,865 
13,667 
16,012 
17,024 
12,873 

11,527 
23,806 
14,535 
23,832 
22,378 



15,232 
15,881 
8,392 
11,509 
12,860 

11,089 
9,523 

10,561 
8,976 

10,625 

9,625 
10,448 
22,339 
14,179 
10,334 

9,011 
16,604 
16,561 
15,508 

9,744 

9,146 
13,343 

8,944 
15,581 
11,192 

10,287 
9,518 



12,155 
10,671 

8,487 
13,180 
12,974 
17,194 
14,990 

10,491 
9,526 
7,814 

12,080 
7,556 

9,207 
17,713 
23,086 
20,693 
10,027 

10,034 
8,584 

10,316 
5,839 

23,555 

12,359 
4,937 
12,403 
13,209 
8,718 

10,017 
6,137 
15,858 
10,045 
11,564 

8,516 
12,329 
15,458 
13,689 
10,078 

10,913 
13,188 
17 ,702 
9,680 
18,966 

14,830 
17,055 

3,313 
11,703 
10,938 

9,017 
13,899 
14,527 

8,212 
10,848 

5,724 
20,228 
12,950 
15,043 
16,054 



1,169 
1,370 
1,345 
1,663 
573 

1,411 

894 

1,129 

1,08'J 

316 

886 
1,188 
1,660 

689 
1,042 

556 

1,283 

947 

541 

.1,493 

1,771 

848 

1,415 

1,206 

980 

1,282 
1,020 



206 
1,653 

2,211 
920 
1,142 
1,288 
1,299 

2,094 
1,167 
1,249 
1,810 
323 

1,361 

1,172 

455 

707 

1,312 

1,764 
685 
606 
290 

1,391 



2,096 
612 
1,312 
1,403 
1,327 

1,526 

1,109 

931 

724 

1,147 

1,049 
1,494 
1,433 
1,245 
1,377 

1,194 
1,908 

870 
734 
335 

566 

660 

998 

1,187 

1,44.1 

526 
1,362 
1,021 
1,069 
1,395 



457 
635 



574 
266 



Forest Park, 111, . . 
Fort Collins, Colo. 

Fort Lee, N. J 

Fort Madison, Iowa. 
Fort Myers, Fla. . . . 



552 Fort Pierce, Fla. 
388 Fort Thomas, Ky. . 
267 Fostoria, Ohio... 



673 
157 

342 
502 
698 
252 
455 

214 
365 
313 

271 
490 

677 
286 
568 
412 
548 

436 
437 



637 
316 

394 
385 

533 

694 
450 
432 
519 
195 

468 
385 
136 
212 
480 

543 
382 
265 
352 
534 



892 


270 


267 


211 


966 


352 


646 


171 


103 


327 



920 
455 
594 
490 
375 

498 

445 
368 

182 
414 

392 

514 
553 
412 
591 

467 
689 

298 
241 
135 

141 
228 

401 
587 
540 

234 
489 
427 
407 
564 



Frankfort, Ind. 
Frankfort, Ky.. 



Frederick, Md 

Fredericksburg, Va. 

Freeport, 111 

Freeport, N. Y 

Fremont, Nebr 



Fremont, Ohio. .. . 
FuUerton, Cjlif. 

Fulton, Mo 

Fulton, N. Y....'. 
Gainesville, Tex. 



Gainsville, Ga 

Garden City, Kans.. 
Garden City, N. Y.. 

Gardens, Calif 

Gardner , Mass 



Garfield Heights, Ohio. 

Garland, Tex 

Gastonia, N. C 

Geneva, N. Y 

Girard, Ohio 



Glen Cove, N. Y 

Glens Falls, N. Y 

Gloucester City, N. J.. 

Gloversville, N. Y 

Goldsboro, N. C 



Goshen, Ind 

Grand Island, Nebr... 
Grand Junction, Colo. 
Grand Prairie, Tex... 
Great Bend, Kans 



Greeley, Colo 

Greenfield town, M 
Greensburg , Pa ... . 
Greenville, N. C. . 
Greenville, Tex... 



Greenwood , Miss 

Greenwood , 3. C 

Gretna, La 

Griffin, Ga 

Grosse Pointe Park, Mich. 

Grosse Pointe Woods, 

Mich 

Gulfport, Miss 

Guthrie , Okla 

Haddonfleld, N. J 

Hannibal, Mo 

Hanover twp 
Hanover, Pa 
Harlingen, Tex. 
Harrisburg, 111 
Harrison, N. J. 



Pa.' 



Harrison twp., Pa.'. 
Harrisonburg, Va. . . . 

Harvey, 111 

Hastings, Nebr 

Hawthorne, Calif 



Hawthorne, N. J. . 
Hayward, Calif... 
Hazel Park, Mich. 

Helena, Ark 

Helena , Mont 



Henderson, Ky 

Henderson, N. C 

Hermosa Beach, Calif. 

Hialeah, Fla 

Hibbing, Minn 



Hickory, N. C 

Highland Park, 111.. 
Highland Park, Tex.. 
Hillside twp., N. J. 
Hingham town, Mass. . 



Hobart, Ind. . . . 
Hobbs, N. Max.. 
Holland, Mich.. 
Hollywood, Fla, 
Homestead, Pa. . 



13,231 

<' 1,050 
7,632 
14,478 
.'0,113 

17,740 
i.,^5 
17,284 
19,847 
15,800 

31,644 
24,771 
36,365 
37,466 
24,956 

24,178 
17,941 
8,513 
16,902 
16,309 

30,166 
23,397 
18,711 
15,211 
20,855 

7,792 
6,656 
39,918 
25,884 
8,096 

17,222 
37,065 
9,283 
28,875 
28,224 

19,629 
33,698 
27,733 
10,066 
23,245 

35,140 
27,531 
40,573 
20,582 
22,019 

29,900 
22,552 
10,398 
19,589 

11,867 

3,956 
25,210 
11,171 

8,393 
21,923 

4,800 
24,082 
32,864 
14,616 

9,573 

5,143 
23,482 
21,538 
29,989 
12,209 

8,017 
27,757 
12,795 
15,529 
23,480 

17,083 
16,649 
14,273 
5,917 
21,590 

24,212 
23,388 
10,396 
14,504 
6,314 

6,838 
20,731 
22,955 
19,548 
21,076 



6,179 
7,640 
2,000 
4,376 
5,376 

4,302 
1,531 
6,317 
6,804 
6,351 

11,131 
7,741 
12,175 
13,67.? 
6,769 

8,314 
4,805 
2,707 
5,676 
4,890 

6,528 
4,155 
5,019 
1,395 
8,235 

2,216 

(') 

8,744 

8,483 

2,822 

7,301 
14,956 

3,437 
12,168 

7,849 

5,843 
10,026 
9,835 
{') 
4,960 

9,659 
10,519 
12,760 
6,724 
7,335 

7,557 
6,372 
2,296 
6,672 
2,077 

179 
5,674 
4,568 
2,990 
7,580 

1,297 
7,169 
7,353 
5,323 
3,635 

1,599 
7,985 
4,974 
7,277 
2,160 

2,585 
8,631 
(') 
4,603 
10,441 

4,513 
5,256 
2,848 
930 
8,758 

6,614 
6,690 
1,539 
3,816 
2,434 

2,066 
5,896 
8,066 
3,193 

10,186 



212 
206 
172 
219 
272 

260 
50 
190 
217 
170 

331 
242 
356 
464 
237 

246 
195 
117 
226 
231 

274 
174 
92 
227 
255 

137 
93 
293 
344 
133 

240 
348 
199 
379 
356 

200 
330 
232 
143 

181 

280 
245 
307 
269 
290 

324 
241 
182 
222 

72 



331 
164 
104 
369 

210 
273 
370 
176 
283 

120 
185 
248 
278 
152 

142 
253 
197 
185 
234 

258 
177 
194 
U7 
217 

245 
145 
52 
231 
106 

108 
198 
264 
298 

261 



219 
244 

159 
2.;4 
224 

157 
77 
245 
231 
205 

316 
213 
388 
411 
233 

258 
201 
119 
211 
200 

218 
135 
89 
102 
252 

139 
(') 
252 
287 
133 

243 
350 
185 
369 
262 

205 
339 
240 

153 

295 
260 

303 
202 
324 

220 
262 
188 
213 
78 

18 
243 
195 
108 
367 

225 
271 
301 
207 
275 

94 
184 
234 
230 
104 

161 
222 

163 
256 

207 
157 
161 
73 
263 

212 
137 
28 
237 
127 

93 

151 
277 
149 
356 



14,946 
14,932 
11,611 
14,943 

13,145 

13,418 
10,830 
14,348 
14,933 
11,949 

18,092 
12,143 
22,425 
24,589 
14,639 

16,533 
13,939 
10,040 
13,903 
11,219 

11,881 
10,893 
14,364 
14,418 
19,617 

21,606 
10,291 
23,003 
17,087 
10,068 

15,084 
19,448 
14,283 
23,576 
21,399 

12,977 
22,835 
14,454 
13,241 
12,620 

20,286 
17,237 
17,237 
16,713 
14,697 

18,002 
13,672 
13,848 
13,952 
13,029 

10,407 
22,428 

10,019 
10,500 
20,540 

16,439 
14,065 
23,202 
10,994 
13,535 

14,792 
10,764 
20,636 
20,108 
16,278 

14,828 
14,273 
17,791 
11,244 
17,498 

16,760 
10,942 
11,766 
19,742 
16,212 

14,691 
16,767 
11,307 
20,997 
10,694 

10,479 
13,301 
15,742 
14,135 

10,031 



14,840 
12,251 
9,468 
14,063 
10,604 

8,040 
11,034 
13,453 
13,706 
11,492 

15,802 
10,066 
22,366 
20,-410 
11,862 

14,710 
10,442 

8,297 
13,362 

9,651 

10,243 
6,285 

11,223 
5,909 

20,206 

16,989 
2,233 
21,313 
15,555 
9,805 

12,415 
18,836 
13,692 
23,329 
17,274 

11,375 
19,130 
12,479 
1,595 
9,044 

15,995 
15,672 
16,743 
12,674 
13,995 

14,767 
13,020 
10,879 
13,222 
12,646 

2,805 
15,195 
10,018 

9,742 
20,865 

14,910 
13,076 
13,306 
11,453 
14,171 

13,161 
8,768 
17,878 
15,145 
8,263 

12,610 
6,736 
(') 
8,546 

15,056 

13,160 
7,647 
7,197 
3,953 

16,385 

13,487 
14,476 
10,288 
18,556 
8,003 

7,166 
10,619 
14,616 

6,239 

19,041 



1,205 
1,329 
1,322 

1,749 
2,040 
1,644 
1,524 
1,705 

1,462 
1,287 
848 
1,216 
1,454 

2,539 
2,148 
1,303 
1,055 
1,063 

361 

647 

1,735 

1,515 

804 

1,142 
1,906 
A50 
1,225 
1,319 

1,512 
1,476 
1,919 
760 
1,842 

1,732 
1,597 
2,354 
1,231 
1,498 

1,661 
1,650 

751 
1,404 

911 

380 
1,124 

1,115 

799 

1,067 

292 

1,712 

1,416 

1,329 

707 

348 
2,182 
1,044 
1,491 

750 

541 
1,945 

719 
1,381 
1,342 

1,019 
1,522 
1,213 
300 
1,332 

1,648 

1,395 

919 

691 

590 

652 
1,502 
1,458 
1,383 
2,101 



470 
501 
553 

704 
769 
544 
670 
571 

565 
460 
326 
425 
507 

637 
661 
447 
236 
408 

130 

410 
545 
288 

588 
794 
251 
522 
454 

514 
524 
788 
(') 
548 

604 
671 
762 
530 
524 

512 
489 
211 
505 
164 

64 
373 
456 
307 
363 

87 
548 
553 
465 
256 

121 
911 
278 
480 
261 

205 

1,281 

(^) 

539 

633 

X3 

687 
396 
248 
534 

490 
462 
150 
206 
304 

288 
555 
552 
512 
535 



1.50 RETAIL TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 

Table I.K.— RETAIL STORES; 1948 AND 1939— CITIES WITH 10,000 TO 24,999 INHABITANTS-Continued 



Sales, Stores, akd Population 



City 



Sales, entire year 
{Thousarid dollart) 



Stares 



Population 



1950= 



Per capita sales ^ 
(DolUrs) 



1948 



City 



Sales, entire year 
(Thousand dolUrj) 



1948 



1939 



Stores 
(^lumber) 



1948 



Population 



19502 1940 



Per capita sales ^ 
(DoIUt,) 



Uotnewoodj Ala 

uOpewell> Va 

Hopkinsville, Ky 

Hoquiajn, Wash 

Horneil, N. Y 

Houioa, La 

Hudson, N. Y 

Huntingtcm, Ind 

Huntsville, Ala 

Huronj S. Dak 

Hyattsville, Md 

Idaho Falls, Idaho 

Independence, Kans 

Indiana, Pa 

Inkster, Mich 

Ironton, Ohio 

Ironwood, Mich 

Jacksonville, 111 

Jamesto'4n> N. Dak 

Janesville, Wis 

Jeannette, Pa 

Jefferson City, Ho 

Jef f ersonville , Ind 

Johnson City, N. Y 

Johnston town, R. I.'.. 

Johnstown, N. ¥ 

Jonesboro, Ark 

Junction City, Kans.... 

Kearney, Nebr 

Keene, N. H 

Kennewick, Wash 

Kenmore, N. Y 

Kent, Ohio 

Keokuk, Iowa 

Kewanee, 111 

Key West, Fla 

KlngBport, Tenn 

Kingston, Pa 

Klngsville, Tex 

Klnclon, N. C 

Klrksville, Mo 

Kirkwood, Mo 

Klamath Falls, Oreg.... 

laconia, N. H 

La Grange, Ga -. .. 

la Grange, 111 

Lake Worth, Fla 

La Mesa, Calif 

lamesa , Tex 

Lancaster, Ohio 

lAnsdowne , Pa 

la Porte, Ind 

Laramie, Wyo 

La Salle, 111 

Las Cruces, N. Mex 

Las Vegas, Nev 

Latrobe , Pa 

Laurel, Miss 

Lawrence, Kans 

Leavenworth, Kans 

Lecoinster, Mass 

Lewlston, Idaho 

Lewlstown, Pa 

Lexington, Mass 

Lexington, N. C 

Lincoln, 111 

Lincoln town, R. I.'... 

Lock Haven, Pa 

Lodl, Calif 

Lodi, N. J 

Logan, Utah 

LogansporL, Ind 

Long Beach, N. Y 

Long Branch, N. J 

Longview, Tex 

Longvlew, Wash 

Uifkin, Tex 

Lynbrook, N. Y 

I^dhurst twp., N. J.*. 
MacoBb, 111 

Madera, Calif 

Madlaon, H. J 

Madlsonvllle, Ky 

Mahanoy City, Pa 

Majnaroneck, N. Y 



19,013 
8,038 

15,932 
9,894 

12, 412 



5,912 


1,071 


10,797 


2,643 


20,179 


5,556 


9,517 


3,578 


19,«7 


8,557 


16,618 


5,696 


16,628 


6,731 


19,668 


6,245 


32,528 


8,767 


20,612 


5,941 


16,125 


4,215 


il,'i22 


11,086 


13,258 


5,364 


25,978 


7,740 


7,297 


1,468 


21,426 


6,495 


15,508 


6,113 


28,345 


9,554 


20,423 


5,039 


35,372 


11,701 


18,359 


5,656 


29,258 


10,238 


15,692 


3,520 


13,639 


5,744 


3,379 


1,255 


11,843 


4,461 


22,139 


5,585 


14,600 


3,631 


20,195 


5,261 


19,457 


8,160 


17,145 


CI 


20,688 


7,854 


13,210 


4,361 


17,408 


6,288 


21,116 


6,733 


14,236 


2,522 


36,617 


9,634 


26,819 


7,538 


14,200 


3,421 


23,701 


7,377 


16,464 


4,979 


14,048 


3,084 


44,850 


17,321 


19,343 


6,749 


20,400 


6,521 


24,936 


7,133 


10,590 


2,795 


10,563 


1,972 


16,454 


3,981 


28,592 


9,675 


9,069 


4,194 


28,175 


3,435 


17,118 


6,181 


19,726 


6,633 


15,161 


3,642 


45,549 


7,571 


17,326 


4,647 


29,549 


7,454 


23,757 


7,335 


18,811 


6,769 


19,789 


6,652 


32,344 


9,157 


23,022 


8,747 


8,995 


3,143 


16,109 


4,094 


17,094 


5,391 


3,885 


1,499 


16,343 


5,944 


20,853 


6,972 


8,777 


1,720 


22,343 


6,516 


31,448 


9,712 


17,982 


4,935 


28,698 


7,641 


36,429 


8,661 


29,212 


7,001 


21,732 


5,158 


25,150 


8,540 


9,588 


2,971 


16,819 


4,885 



4,617 
2,809 
4,433 
4,015 
5,242 



30 
145 
248 
171 
245 

235 
269 
238 
306 
196 

87 
278 
205 
232 

92 

266 
212 
291 
159 
352 

230 
296 
231 
163 
111 

178 
248 

185 
213 
221 

144 
214 
141 
268 
244 

235 
263 
312 
182 
308 

209 
145 
335 
258 
320 

151 
190 
131 
191 
355 

94 
295 

176 
257 
227 

391 
203 
366 
285 
306 

310 
242 
307 
114 
216 

231 
102 
187 
232 
194 

203 
348 
281 
414 
367 

189 
251 
273 
231 
170 

201 
121 
169 
263 
224 



136 
230 
201 
260 

193 
320 
257 
287 
196 

67 
243 
223 
203 

60 

286 
213 
289 
156 
351 

195 
306 
197 
245 
131 

187 
247 
157 
205 
218 

(') 
203 
151 
289 
271 

222 
150 
286 
153 
231 

214 
135 
335 
226 
263 

143 
171 
39 
163 
371 

85 
266 
160 
269 

155 

138 
183 
303 
287 
354 

271 
208 
306 

IOC 
137 

230 
105 
203 
262 
135 

192 
385 
252 
368 
288 

158 
175 
294 
208 
165 

174 
112 
177 
315 
216 



12,308 
10,184 
12,531 
U,100 
15,055 

11,480 
11,656 
15,033 
16,406 
12,713 

12,283 
13,355 
11,432 
11,706 
16,634 

16,329 
11,506 
20,374 
10,601 
24,329 

16,179 
24,990 
14,671 
19,563 
12,735 

10,861 
16,260 
13,370 
12,106 

15,631 

10,086 
20,232 
12,383 
16,076 
16,770 

21,724 
19,636 
21 ,061 
16,357 
18,278 

10,948 
18,537 
15,803 
14,722 
24,954 

11,950 
11,714 
10,908 
10,706 
24,140 

12,140 
17,280 
15,497 
12,023 
12,230 

24,418 
11,952 
24,988 
23,292 
20,543 

24,084 
12,910 
13,875 
17,098 
13,562 

14,344 
11,020 
11,325 
13,727 
15,384 

16,802 
20,933 
15,534 
23,049 
24,445 

20,256 
15,147 
17,253 
19,399 
10,586 

10,428 
10,412 
11,136 
10,930 
15,041 



7,397 
8,679 
11,724 
10,335 
15,649 

9,052 
11,517 
13,903 
13,050 
10,843 

6,575 
15,024 

11,565 
10,050 
7,044 

15,851 
13,369 
19,844 
790 
22,992 

16,220 
24,268 
11,493 
18,039 
10,672 

10,666 
11,729 
8,507 
9,643 
13,832 

1,918 
18,612 

3,531 
15,076 
16,901 

12,927 
14,404 
20 ,679 
7,782 
15,388 

10,080 
12,132 
16,497 
13,484 
21,983 

10,479 
7,408 
3,925 
6,033 

21,940 

10,837 
16,130 
10,627 
12,812 
8,385 

8,422 
11,111 
20,598 
14,390 
19,220 

22,226 
10,548 
13,017 
13,187 
10,550 

12,752 
10,577 
10,810 
11,079 
11,552 

11,868 
20,177 
9,036 
17,408 
13,753 

12,385 
9,567 
14,557 
17,454 
8,764 

6,457 
7,944 
8,209 
13,442 
13,034 



462 
1,060 
1,610 

857 
1,292 

1,448 
1,426 
1,308 
1,983 

1,621 

1,312 
2,197 
1,160 
2,219 
437 

1,312 
1,348 
1,391 
1,926 
1,425 

1,135 

1,171 

1,070 

697 

265 

1,090 
1,362 
1,092 
1,668 
1,245 

1,700 
1,022 
1,067 
1,083 
1,259 

655 
1,865 
1,273 

842 
1,297 

1,504 

756 

2,838 

1,343 

313 

2,087 

904 

963 

1,537 

1,134 

747 
1,630 
1,105 
1,641 
1,235 

1,865 
1,450 
1,182 
1,020 
916 

322 
2,505 
1,659 

526 
1,186 

1,192 

353 

1,443 

1,519 

570 

1,330 
1,502 
1,158 
1,245 
1,490 

1,442 
1,435 
1,457 
494 
1,589 

1,323 
772 

1,431 
905 
825 



145 
304 
474 
330 



Manhattan, Kans 

Manhattan Beach, Calif, 

Mankato, Minn 

Maple Heights, Ohio 



547 iMaplewood, Mo. 



629 I Maplewood tup . , N . J. * 

584 |Marblehead, Mass 

449 Marietta, Ga 

672 Marietta, Ohio 

548 Marinette, Wis 



641 
733 
ifA 
770 
208 

410 
457 
481 
573 
509 

349 
422 
306 
318 
118 

418 
476 
427 
546 
590 

(') 
422 
508 
417 
398 

195 
669 
364 
440 
479 

. 494 
254 

1,050 
500 
297 

681 
377 
502 
659 

441 

387 
521 
582 
518 
434 

899 
418 
362 
510 
352 



672 
238 



423 
U2 
550 
629 
U9 

549 
481 
546 
439 
630 

565 
539 
587 
170 
557 

715 
354 
540 
299 
402 



Marion, 111 

Marlborough, Mass.. 
Marquette , Mich ... . 

Marshall, Tex 

Marshalltown , Iowa. 



Marshfleld, Wis 

Martins Ferry, Ohio. 
Martlnsburg, W. Va.. 
Martinsville, Va.... 
Massena, N. Y 



Mattoon, 111.... 
Maywood, Calif.. 
HcAlester, Olila, 
McAllen, Tex.... 
McCcmb, Miss. .. . 



McKees Rocks, Pa. . 

McKinney, Tex 

Headville, Pa 

Medford, Oreg 

Melrose Park, 111. 



Menasha , Wis 

Menaninee, Mich 

Merced, Calif 

Mercedes, Tex 

Mesa, Ariz 

Methuen tovm, Mass.^. 
Menlo Park, Calif.*... 

Mexico, Mo 

Miami , Okla 

Mlddletown, N. Y 

Middleborough town, 

Mass.' 

Hiddlesborough, Ky... 

Midland, Mich 

Midland, Tex 

Midwest City, Okla... 



Milford town, Mass. . . 
Millbum twp., N. J.' 

Mlllvllle, N. J 

Milton town, Mass.'.. 
Mlneola, N. Y 



Mlnot, N. Dak 

Mission, Tex 

Missoula, Mont... 
Mitchell, S. Dak. 
Moberly, Mo 



Modesto, Calif. 
Monessen, Pa. . . 
Monmouth, 111.. 
Monroe, Mich. . . 
Monroe, N. C. . . 



Monrovia, Calif 

Hontebello, Calif 

Monterey, Calif 

Monterey Park, Calif. 
Moorehead , Minn 



Morrlstown, N. J... 
Morrlstown, Tenn... 

Moscow, Idaho 

Hou'Lrle, Ga 

Moundavllle, W. Va. 



Mount Cannel , Pa 

Mount Clemens, Mich.. 
Mount Pleasant, Mich. 

Ml. Rainier, Md 

Mt. Vernon, 111 



Mount Vernon, Ohio 

Munhall, Pa 

Murfreesboro, Tenn 

Muscatine, lova 

MuBkegon Heights, Mich. 



22,751 
6,180 

38,863 
4,585 

27,261 

15,377 
8,365 
22,121 
22,914 
17,500 

12,402 
14,321 
17,543 
23,266 
32,955 



Hacogdocnea, Tex. 

Nampa, Idaho 

Nonticoke , Pa 

Napa, Calif 



26,571 
13,271 

21,142 
23,395 
13,280 

16,664 
13,954 
33,413 
40,400 
13,314 

7,981 
10,202 
38,104 

6,352 
13,632 

11,560 
6,719 
14,323 
15,622 
32,261 

9,647 
15,382 
18,449 
25,374 

3,647 

15,504 
10,238 
15,859 
6,880 
19,130 

36,298 
9,311 
34,672 
24,420 
15,233 

76,509 
16,599 
16,255 
31,922 
16,596 

22,437 
12,303 
29,154 
10,557 
23,756 

35,909 
16,390 
12,813 
15,930 
9,451 

12,725 
28,387 
15,038 
4,607 
24,694 

21,686 
7,107 
17,967 
27,019 
18,910 



14,157 
25,688 
15,202 
28,479 



6,333 
1,691 
12,778 
1,121 
8,433 

5,956 
3,159 
4,041 
7,917 
6,254 

3,813 
5,006 
6,660 
7,484 
11,055 



13,384 5,716 

9,971 4,532 

13,562 6,019 

21,353 5,204 

14,659 5,490 



8,419 
2,926 
5,756 
6,255 
3,986 

5,794 
4,241 
11,643 
9,741 
2,869 

3,208 
2,591 
9,503 
1,999 
2,736 

' 2,388 
1,422 
4,050 
4,055 

12,396 

4,121 
3,953 

6,000 
5,706 
r) 

5,284 
2,799 
5,160 
3,891 
6,385 

9,406 
2,098 
14,475 
6,733 
4,695 

19,802 
5,436 
5,204 
9,181 
3,254 

5,333 
1,986 
7,614 
2,261 
5,323 

14,005 
3,633 
4,262 
4,244 
3,374 

4,191 
9,007 
4,995 
1,082 
7,936 

6,428 
2,173 
4,992 
8,344 
3,815 



5,081 
6,820 
6,574 
8,405 



242 
115 
306 
95 
215 

194 
141 
219 
289 
194 

162 
236 
192 
315 
292 

186 
136 
254 
241 
228 

318 
170 
298 
229 
222 

261 
183 
312 
300 

143 

132 
139 
310 
123 
215 

234 
81 
186 
201 
388 

169 
200 
167 
209 
24 

249 
134 
246 
66 
216 

275 
140 
309 
197 
210 

514 
255 
177 
290 
185 

249 

163 
331 
156 
142 

376 
223 
110 
216 
190 

»6 
287 
156 
42 
272 



213 
313 
194 



202 
225 
408 
250 



222 
94 

345 
75 

235 

218 
126 
161 
288 
204 

178 
244 
200 
272 
330 

185 
244 
288 
160 
182 

281 
163 
240 
249 
194 

274 
169 
306 
256 
Ul 

141 
141 
247 
118 

112 

191 
75 
148 
137 
394 

183 
138 
166 
144 

206 
99 

232 
86 

201 

263 
130 
356 
242 
220 

465 
271 
194 
318 
131 

232 
. 95 

270 
129 
138 

400 
132 
126 
181 
201 

284 
257 
155 
38 
297 

210 
69 
194 
339 
158 



166 
203 
429 
204 



13,996 
17,278 
18,785 
15,556 
13,238 

24,255 
13,711 
20,683 
16,024 
14,193 

10,130 
15,741 
17,345 
22,255 
19,750 

12,377 
13,214 
15,566 

17,210 
13,123 

17,993 
13,193 
17,809 
20,005 
10,386 

16,278 
10,525 
18,906 
17,170 
13,109 

12,360 
11,124 
15,144 
10,065 
16,766 

24,411 
13,537 
U,611 
11,703 
22,565 

10,139 
14,419 
14,202 
21,756 
10,152 

15,405 
13,172 
16,116 
22,395 
15,574 

21,924 
10,756 
22,320 
12,062 
12,833 

17,347 
17,929 
10,190 
21,275 
10,113 

20,274 
21,754 
16,120 
20,113 
14,798 

17,078 
13,016 
10,548 
11,612 
14,759 

14,298 
16,815 
11,392 
10,978 
15,563 

12,021 
16,422 
13,027 
19,483 
18,771 



12,303 
16,142 
20,140 
13,542 



11,659 
6,398 

15,654 
6,728 

12,875 

23, U9 
10,856 
8,667 
14,543 
14,183 

9,251 
15,154 
15,928 
13,410 
19,240 

10,359 
14,729 
15,063 
10,080 
11,328 

15,827 
10,731 
12,401 
11,877 
9,898 

17,021 
3,555 
18,919 
11,281 
10,933 

10,481 
10,230 
10,135 
7,624 
7,224 

21,880 
3,258 
9,053 
3,345 

21,908 

9,032 
11,777 
10,329 

9,352 

(') 
15,388 
11,652 
14,806 
13,708 
10,064 

16,577 
5,982 
18,449 
10,633 
12,920 

16,379 
20,257 

9,096 
13,478 

6,475 

12,807 
3,016 

10,034 
8,531 
9,491 

15,270 
8,050 
6,014 
10,147 
14,168 

17,780 
14,389 
8,413 
4,830 
14,724 

10,122 
13,900 
9,495 
18,286 
16,047 



7,538 
12,149 
24,387 

7,740 



1,198 
358 

2,069 
295 

2,059 

634 

610 

1,069 

1,430 

1,233 

1,224 

910 
1,011 
1,045 
1,669 

1,526 
755 
1,192 
1,241 
1,117 

1,477 
1,006 
1,187 
1,169 
1,279 

1,024 
1,326 
1,767 
2,353 
1,016 

646 

917 
2,516 

681 
1,114 

474 

496 

1,277 

1,335 

1,430 



951 
1,101 
1,299 
1,166 

359 

1,006 
777 
934 
307 

1,228 

1,656 
866 
1,553 
2,024 
1,187 

4,410 
926 
1,595 
1,500 
1,641 

1,107 
566 

1,808 
525 

1,605 

2,103 
1,259 
1,215 
1,372 
640 

890 
1,718 
1,320 

420 
1,587 

1,804 
433 
1,379 
1,387 
1,007 



1,150 

1,591 

755 

2,103 



See footnotes at end of table. 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1.51 



Table I.K.— RETAIL STORES: 1948 AND 1939— CITIES WITH 10,000 TO 24,999 INHABITANTS-Continucd 



Sales, Stores, and Population 



City 



Natchez, Hiss 

Natlck town. Mass.'.. 
National City, Calir. 

Naii^atuclc , Conn 

Needhajn town, Mass.'. 



Neenati, Wis 

Neptune twp. , N. J. 

Newark, N. Y 

New Bern, N. C 

New Braunfels, Tex. 



Newburyport, Mass 

Newcastle, Ind 

New Iberia, La 

New Philadelphia, Ohio... 
Newport Beach, Calif 



Newton , Iowa 

Newton, Kans 

Niles, Mich 

Miles, Ohio 

Norfolk, Nebr 

North Adajns, Mass 

North Attleboro town. 

Mass.' 

North Arlington, N. J.... 

North Braddock, Pa 

Northbridge town, Mass.'. 

North Miami, Fla 

North Plalnfleld, N. J... 

North Platte, Nebr 

North Providence town, 

R. I.' 

North Tonawanda, N. Y. . . . 

Norwich, Conn 

Norwood town, Mass.' 

Ocala, Fla 

Oceanside, Calif 

Ogdensburg, N. T 

Oil City, Pa 

Okmulgee , Okla 

Olean, N. Y 

Olympia , Wash 

Oneida, N. Y 



22,J46 

10,675 
17,055 
13,988 
10,281 

13,476 
11,716 
13,197 
20,475 
1"1,066 

16,370 
24,279 
15,866 
16,439 
17 ,824 

16,954 
16,210 
18,860 
14,249 
23,023 

23,132 

11,957 
5,940 
3,408 
5,621 

2,433 

7,508 
27,153 

7,704 
19,904 

34,755 
17,271 
24,513 
14,860 
14,164 

25,885 
16,707 
33,715 
33,008 
15,839 

22,638 
25,228 
14,344 
15,459 
8,748 

21,858 
18,256 
20,441 
18,614 
21,979 

24,622 
12,626 
11,013 
16,350 
22,962 

24,839 
27,790 
14,821 
26,834 
24,663 

15,260 
15,643 
9,093 
18,770 
14,900 

13,477 
25,669 
22,570 
22,325 
12,740 

17,566 
32,347 
6,713 
12,532 
13,957 

651 

20,947 
17,660 
23,735 
15,665 



Plains twp.. Pa.' 2,960 



Cneonta, N. Y. . 
Ontario, Calif. 
Opellka, Ala... 
Opelausas, La.. 
Orange, Calif.. 



Orange , Tex .... 

Orangeburg, S. C. 
Oskaloosa , lova . . . 

Ossinlng, N. Y 

Oswego, N. Y 



Ottawa, 111 

Ottawa, Kans... 
Overland, Mo. .. 
Ovatonna, Minn. 
Owosso, Mich. . . 



Oxnard, Calif 

Painesville, Ohio. 

Palestine, Tex 

Pampa, Tex 

Paris, Tex 



Park Ridge, 111.. 
Parsons, Kans.... 
Pascagoula, Miss. 

Pasco, Wash 

Pasadena, Tex. .. . 



Peabody, Mass 

Peekskill, N. Y 

Pekin, 111 

Pendleton, Oreg 

Pennsauken twp., N. J.' 



Peru, Ind 

Petaluna, Calif 

Phenlx City, Ala... 
Phlllipsburg, N. J. 
Fhoenlxvllle, Pa... 



Piedmont, Calif.. 

Piqua, Ohio 

Pittsburg, Calif. 
Pittsburg, Kans.. 
PIttslon, Pa 



Sales, entire year 
(TTioiiidnd doitaTi) 



Plalnview, Tex. 

Plattsburgh, N. Y 

Pleasantville, N. J,. 
Plymouth, Pa 



28,021 
25,459 

11,940 
9,166 



5,426 
4,201 
2,544 
4,895 
4,384 

4,683 
2,616 
6,887 
5,060 
3,090 

6,857 
7,489 
4,815 
5,897 
2,736 

5,116 
4,927 
5,757 
4,832 
6,026 

10,045 

3,643 
1,791 
1,402 
2,501 

(') 

1,708 

7,891 

2,252 
6,898 

12,803 
6,439 
6,179 
2,478 
6,300 

9,749 
5,815 
13,484 
11,440 
6,177 

8,229 
7,002 
3,240 
4,939 
2,747 

3,057 
5,547 
6,385 
6,379 
8,373 

7,652 
4,277 
1,487 
4,891 
8,197 

5,732 
8,304 
5,212 
8,544 
7,539 

4,301 
5,340 
1,396 
2,229 
1,058 

6,360 
10,009 
6,779 
6,135 
3,922 

5,424 
10,437 
2,304 
4,802 
4,098 

430 
7,273 

4,371 
7,917 
7,136 

1,365 
5,472 
9,820 
3,680 
3,520 



Stcra 

(Number) 



1948 1939 



368 
161 
184 
223 
120 

167 
175 
157 
266 
166 

239 
253 
320 
218 
272 

153 

184 
198 
209 
224 



154 
119 
100 
114 

67 

120 
205 

166 
329 

427 
195 
235 
209 
243 

264 
273 
362 
310 
183 

219 
312 
191 
239 
133 

281 
211 
195 
226 
343 

300 
177 
117 
157 
214 

292 

197 
223 
257 
340 

113 
265 
194 
134 
154 

235 
339 
255 
184 
193 

234 
150 
200 
246 
214 



246 
275 
341 
327 

173 
225 
273 
204 
213 



271 
172 
117 
233 
127 

145 
133 
147 
240 
153 

327 
269 
230 
221 
145 

158 
185 
215 
216 
216 



152 
101 
91 
111 



(') 
98 
219 

149 
311 

468 
215 
150 
142 
277 

282 
270 
349 
326 
198 

238 
223 
145 

137 
122 

155 
250 
227 
247 
377 

298 
194 
65 
142 
246 

217 
207 
252 
246 
309 

93 
247 
92 
36 
48 

329 
311 
235 
191 
160 

232 
247 
193 
273 
198 

14 
252 
165 
366 
352 

163 
180 
231 
188 
273 



Population 



1950* 1940 



22 ,678 
19,663 
21,13.: 
17,463 
16,262 

12,418 
13,495 
10,275 
15,734 
12,196 

14,073 
18,227 
16,460 
12,966 
12,220 

11,699 
11,541 
13,117 
16,733 
11,231 

21,475 

12,119 
15,977 
14,724 
10,323 

10,721 
12,760 
15,390 

13,798 
24,730 

23,382 
16,693 
11,588 
12,880 
16,126 

19,556 
18,298 
22,842 
15,711 
11,367 

13,531 
22,823 
12,264 
11,600 
10,053 

21,100 
15,311 
11,095 
16,055 
22,611 

16,951 
10,051 
11,463 
10,149 
15,821 

21,519 
14,365 
12,455 
16,522 
21,636 

16,543 
14,706 
10,797 
10,177 
22,444 

2.', 647 
17,746 
21,912 
11,701 
22,753 

13,281 
10,390 
23,285 
18,909 
12,913 

10,121 
17,426 
12,662 
19,371 
14,992 

12,543 
14,023 
17,726 
12,032 
13,026 



15,296 
13,851 
10,344 
1".,388 
12,445 

10,645 
10,207 

9,646 
11,315 

6,976 

13,916 
16,620 
13,747 
12,323 
4,438 

10,462 
11,048 
11,328 
16,273 
10,490 

22,213 

10,359 
9,904 
15,679 
10,242 

1,973 
10,586 
12,429 

12,156 
20,254 

23,652 
15,383 
8,986 
4,651 
16,346 

20,379 
16,051 
21,506 
13,254 
10,291 

11,731 
14, 197 
8,487 
3,980 
7,901 

7,472 
10,521 
11,024 
15,996 
22,062 

16,005 
10,193 
2,934 
8,694 
14,424 

8,519 
12,235 
12,144 
12,895 
18,678 

12,063 

14,294 

5,900 

3,913 

3,436 

21,711 
17,311 
19,407 
8,347 
17,745 

12,432 
8,034 
15,351 
18,314 
12,282 

866 
16,049 

520 
17,571 
17,828 

15,621 
8,263 
16,351 
11,050 
15,507 



Per capita aalesi 
(Dolldn) 



19« 



985 
543 
6U7 
301 
632 

1,085 
868 
1,284 
1,297 
1,153 

1,163 
1,332 
964 
1,263 
1,458 

1,449 
1,404 
1,438 
852 
2,050 

1,077 

987 
372 
231 
641 

227 

538 

1,764 

558 
305 

1,486 
1,035 
2,115 
1,154 
878 

1,324 
913 
1,476 
2,101 
1,393 

1,673 
1,105 
1,170 
1,333 
870 

1,036 
1,192 
1,842 
1,159 
972 

1,452 
1,256 
961 
1,611 
1,451 

1,154 
1,934 

1,190 
1,624 
1,140 

922 
1,064 

842 
1,344 

664 

595 
1,446 
1,030 
1,908 

560 

1,323 

3,113 

288 

663 

1,081 

64 
1,202 
1,395 
1,225 
1,045 

236 
1,993 
1,436 

992 

704 



355 
303 
246 
318 
352 

440 
256 
714 
428 
443 

493 
451 

350 
478 
616 

489 
446 
508 
297 
574 



352 

181 

39 

244 



(') 
161 
635 

185 
340 

541 
418 
683 
533 
385 

478 
362 
627 
863 
600 

701 
493 
382 
550 
343 

409 
527 

579 
399 
380 

473 
420 
507 
562 
568 

673 
679 
429 
662 
404 

356 
374 
237 
570 
308 

293 
578 
349 
693 
221 

436 
1,299 
150 
262 
334 

49 
453 
459 
450 
400 

87 
662 
600 
333 
227 



City 



Plymouth, town, Mass. 
Ponca City, Okla. . . . 
Poplar Bluff, Mo.... 
Port Angeles, Wash.. 
Port Chester, N. Y. . 



Portsmouth, N. I 
Pottstown, Pa.. 
Pottsvllle, Pa. 
Prlchard, Ala.. 
Princeton, N. J 



Pullman, Wash 

Rahway, N. J 

Randolph town, Mass. 
Reading town, Mass.' 
Redbank, N. J 



Red Wing, Minn... 
Redding, Calif... 
Redlands, Calif.. 
Reldsvllle, N. C. 
tli^nsselaer, N. Y. 



Renton, Wash 

Richmond, Ky 

Richmond Heights, Mo. . 
Rldgefield Park, N. J. 
Ridgewood, N. J 



Ritchficld, Minn.. 
River Forest, 111. 
River Rouge, Mich. 
Robblnsdale, Minn. 
Rochester, N. H. . . 



Rock Hill, S. C 

Rock Springs, Wyo 

RockviUe Centre, N. Y. 

Rocky River, Ohio 

Roselle, N. J 



Roselle Park, N. J.. 

Rosevllle, Mich 

Ruston, La 

Rutherford, N. J.... 
Rutland, Vt 



Rye, N. Y 

Saco, Maine 

St. Augustine, Fla 

St. Charles, Mo 

St. Clair Shores, Mich. 



St. Joseph, Mich 

St, Louis Park, Minn. 

Salem, Ohio 

Salina, Calif 

Salisbury, Md 



Salisbury, N. C 

San Benito, Tex 

San Buenaventura, Calif. 

San Bruno, Calif 

San Carlos, Calif 



San Fernando, Calif 

San Gabriel, Calif 

San Luis Obispo, Calif. 

San Marino, Calif 

San Pablo, Calif 



San Rafael, Calif.. 

Sanford, Fla 

Sanford, N. C 

Santa Clara, Calif. 
Santa Cruz, Calif.. 



Santa Maria, Calif. 
Santa Paula, Calif. 
Santa Rosa, Calif,. 

Sapulpa, Okla 

Sarasota, Fla 



Saratoga Springs, N. Y. 
Saugus town, Mas:..^.... 
Sault Ste. Marie, Mich. 

Sayreville, N. J 

Scarsdale, N. Y 



Scotts Bluff, Nebr. 

Sedalia, Mo 

Selma, Ala 

Seminole, Okla 

Shaler t'.(p. , Pa.'. . 



Sales, entire year 
{Thousand dollgri) 



1943 



Shamokin, Pa 

Shawnee, Okla.... 
Sheffield, Ala... 

Shelby, H. C 

Shelbyville, Ind. 



1 .) , iro 

24,b4:< 
18,942 
19,538 
29 , 510 

.'3,203 
33,722 
35,734 
13,725 
14,785 

10,959 
21,641 
6,015 
8,417 
38,308 

14,716 
23,614 
18,594 
12,095 
7,508 

18,845 
11,790 
7,367 
7,819 
25,734 

4,119 
19,924 
18,027 

6,631 
14,458 

27,713 
18,775 
41,521 
10,666 
7,309 

6,841 

5,733 

10,273 

15,262 

29,331 

11,456 
5,327 
15,842 
14,308 
9,534 

12,978 
9,323 
20,884 
48,448 
34,227 

30,218 
9,922 
37,523 
12,248 
11,242 

25,591 
19,592 
24,656 
7,539 
7,426 

31,224 
15,775 

11,562 
7,482 
34,742 

22,433 
11,660 
47,460 
11,676 
29,788 

22,138 
6,937 

21,715 
4,555 

12,626 

28,429 
26,506 
25,786 
14,602 
2,517 

21,776 
23,199 
12,296 
20,013 
18,931 



1939 






6,J10 

7,450 
5,069 
5,431 
12,995 

10,328 
11,307 
14,282 
1,013 
5,935 

3,350 
6,235 
1,946 
3,138 
10,997 

5,311 
10,443 
5,947 
4,185 
3,065 

3,588 
3,685 
1,857 
3,066 
6,550 

534 
5,025 
7,451 
1,659 
5,467 

6,155 
5,931 
14,029 
2,981 
2,104 

1,925 
1,396 
2,824 
6,354 
11,530 

4,555 
2,238 
5,082 
3,939 
1,304 

4,322 
1,964 
7,469 
14,262 
10,417 

11,085 
2,609 

10,976 
1,570 



5,955 
3,537 
7,554 
1,730 
(') 

9,425 
4,310 
2,994 
2,226 
11,001 

6,604 
3,683 
13,113 
4,050 
7,042 

8,423 
2,302 
7,392 
1,154 
4,116 

8,741 
7,304 
7,223 
6,445 
753 

8,311 
10,214 
2,693 
5,854 
6,493 



Stores 

(Number) 



267 
268 
201 
458 

300 
397 
424 
236 
157 



.■:8i 

83 
lU 
377 

171 
212 
217 
203 
143 

189 
152 
89 
118 
232 



46 
188 

70 
225 

332 
174 
340 
115 
160 

129 
111 
138 
173 
234 

147 
119 
317 
211 
141 

137 
79 
221 

415 
321 

298 
209 
348 

113 
114 

257 
219 
271 
97 
171 

241 
224 
147 
123 

403 

220 
152 
397 
212 
389 

374 
136 
242 
153 
87 

235 
321 
290 
189 
63 

351 
362 
163 
209 
217 



337 
244 
209 
180 
475 

289 
431 
443 
125 
156 

95 
283 
110 
149 
315 

185 
219 
226 
172 
143 

133 
147 
87 
136 
158 

39 
47 
225 

73 
177 

243 
160 

282 
105 
126 

98 
95 

114 
173 
313 

170 
158 
314 
192 
107 

144 

60 

246 

363 

301 

316 
223 
320 
61 
47 

202 

157 

255 

57 

224 
253 
107 
112 
419 

175 
174 
372 
219 
271 

359 

147 
226 

101 



206 
337 
286 
234 



374 
414 
94 
183 

205 



Population 



1950' 1940 



13,652 
20,185 
15,120 
11,172 
23,959 

18,793 
22,615 
23,542 
13,919 
12,150 

11,979 
21,287 
10,007 
13,879 
12,710 

10,526 
10,137 
18,411 
11,760 
10,745 

16,039 

10,217 
14,827 
12,001 
17,467 

17,415 
11,067 
20,366 
11,239 
13,768 

24,472 
10,785 
22,274 
11,086 
17,646 

11,521 
15,801 
10,346 
17,394 
17,647 

11,745 
10,349 
13,418 
14,307 
19,785 

10,123 
22,495 
12,583 

13,895 
15,109 

19,999 
13,264 
16,535 
12,409 
14,339 

12,858 
20,204 
14,162 
11,199 
14,511 

13,830 
11,742 
10,004 
11,568 
21,348 

10,403 
11,039 
17,905 
13,018 
13,705 

15,434 
17,146 
17,750 
10,323 
13,086 

12,833 
20,269 
22,629 
11,853 
16,399 

16,384 
24,457 
10,723 
15,508 
11,727 



13,100 
16,794 
11,153 
9,409 
23,073 

14,321 
20,194 
24,530 
6,084 
7,719 

4,417 
17,493 

7,634 
10,865 
10,974 

9,962 
3,109 
14,324 
10,387 

10,768 

4,488 
7,335 
12,802 

11,277 
14,948 

6,750 
9,487 

17,008 
6,018 

12,012 

15, OM 
9,827 

18,613 
8,291 

13,597 

9,661 
9,023 
7,107 
15,466 
17,082 

9,865 
8,631 

12,090 
10,803 
10,405 

8,963 
7,737 
12,301 
11,586 
13,313 

19 ,037 
9,501 

13,264 
6,519 
3,520 

9,094 
11,857 
8,881 
8,175 
(') 

8,573 
10,217 
4,960 
6,650 
16,896 

8,522 
8,936 
12,605 
12,249 

11,141 

13,705 
14,825 
15,847 
8,185 
12,966 

12,057 
20,428 
19,834 
11,547 
11,185 

18,310 
22,053 
7,933 
14,037 
10,791 



Per capita sales ^ 
(Dollnri) 



1948 1939 



960 
1,221 
1,253 
1,749 
1,231 

1,235 
1,491 
1,5U 
725 
1,216 

915 

1,017 

601 

506 

3,014 

1,385 
2,823 
1,010 
1,028 
699 

1,175 

1,154 

497 

652 

1,473 

23ij 

1,800 

835 

590 

1,050 

1,132 

1,741 

1,864 

962 

442 

594 
363 
993 
877 
1,662 

975 

515 

1,131 

1,000 

482 

1,282 
437 
1,647 
3,437 
2,255 

1,511 
748 

2,270 
937 
734 

1,998 
970 

1,741 
673 

512 

2,258 
1,343 
1,156 
641 
1,590 

2,155 
1,056 
2,651 
897 
1,592 

1,434 
404 

1,223 
451 
965 

2,215 
1,308 
1,140 
1,232 
153 

1,290 
1,153 
1,146 
1,290 
1,511' 



474 
444 
454 
577 
553 

597 
550 
582 
166 
769 

758 
355 
255 
289 
1,002 

533 
1,288 

415 
403 
285 

799 
502 
145 
272 
433 

79 
530 
433 
276 
455 

410 
504 
754 
360 
155 

199 
155 
397 
411 
675 

462 
259 
420 
365 

125 

432 
254 
607 
1,231 
782 

582 
275 
823 
241 
244 

655 
302 
850 
212 
(') 

1,099 
422 
604 
335 
651 

775 
410 
1,040 
331 
632 

614 
155 
466 
141 
317 

725 
382 
364 
558 
67 

468 
463 
339 
417 
502 



See footnotes at end of table. 



1.52 



RETAIL TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Tabic I.K.— FETAIL STORES: 1948 AND 1939— CITIES WITH 10,000 TO 24,999 INHABITANTS-Continucd 



Sales, Stores, and Population 



Qty 



Sales, entire year 
{Thouiand dollars) 



1939 



Stores 
(Timber) 



Population 



1950= 



1940 



Per capita salcai 
(Dollars) 



1948 



City 



Sales, entire year 
{Thousand dollars) 



(NumM 



Popukcion 



1950' 1940 



Per capita saka ^ 
(Dollori) 



1948 



Shelton, Conn.. 
Shenandoah, Pa. 
Sherldaii, Wyo. . 
Sherman, Tex... 
Shorewood, Wis. 



Sidney, Ohio 

Slkeston, Mo 

Skokle, 111 

Snyder, Tex 

Scmervillc, H. J. 



Southbridge town, Mass. 
South Charleston, W. Va. 

South Euclid, Ohio 

Soutli Hadley, Mass 

Soutu Milwaukee, wis.... 



South Norfolk, Va...;. 
South Orange, N. J.... 
South Pasadena, Calif. 
South Portland, Maine. 
South River, N. • J 

South St, Paul, Minn.. 
South San Francisco, 

Calif 

Springfield, Oreg 

State College, Pa 

Statesville, N. C 

Staunton, Va 

Steel ton. Pa 

Sterling, 111 

Stevens Point, Wis 

Stillwater, Okla 



Stoneham town, Mass.' 
Stoughton town, Mass. 

Stowe twp. , Pa.' 

Streator, 111 

Struthers, Ohio 



Suffolk, Va 

Sunmit, N. J 

Sumter, S. C 

Sunbury , Pa 

Swampscott town, Mass. 



Sweetwater, Tex. 
Swissvale, Pa... 
Takoma Park, Md. 
Talladega, Ala.. 
Tamaqua, Pa 



Temple, Tex 

Terrell, Tex 

Texas City, Tex. 
Thomasville, Ga. 
Thomasville, N. i 



Tiffin, Ohio 

Tonfluanda, N. Y 

Torrance, Calif 

Traverse City, Mich. 
Trinidad, Colo 



Troy, Ohio 

Tulare, Calif 

Tupelo, Miss 

Turtle Creek, Pa 

Twin Falls, Idaho 

Union town. Pa 

University Heights, Ohio. 

University Park, Tex 

Urbana, 111 



6,528 
15,714 

20,415 
25,229 
10,417 

15,131 
14,497 
10,953 
8,250 
22,147 

16,901 
15,039 
6,578 
3,707 
8,703 

8,428 
16,235 
10,912 

9,884 
10,092 

16,193 

10,500 
7,940 
14,070 
20,693 

24,214 
8,093 
19,552 
18,393 
18,561 

8,098 
6,332 
5,409 
24,658 
7,792 

21,950 
21,282 
23,901 
22,631 
5,784 

17,408 

6,838 

5,780 

11,131 

13,156 

29,965 
10,497 
19,314 
15,309 
9,497 

22,633 
16,422 
13,956 
27,524 
13,814 

15,783 
27,241 
19,715 
12,588 
38,199 

54,702 
6,395 
10,968 
16,240 



1,987 
6,558 
7,614 
8,114 
3,169 

5,156 
4,003 
2,052 
2,251 
6,761 

6,358 
2,754 
1,788 
1,242 
2,927 

1,717 
6,605 
3,942 
3,575 
3,526 

5,861 

2,729 

670 

4,509 

5,292 

8,010 
2,367 
7,018 
7,051 
5,518 

2,449 
2,850 
1,396 
7,262 
2,580 

7,032 
7,073 
8,677 
7,113 
1,933 

5,020 
2,714 
665 
3,002 
4,021 

6,918 
3,037 
2,643 
4,657 
2,856 

7,726 
4,707 
2,959 
8,598 
5,761 

4,942 
7,079 
4,311 
4,219 
11,230 

19,027 

283 

1,632 

5,209 



138 
365 
216 
273 

155 

177 
195 
129 
113 
216 

251 
169 
74 



108 
147 
146 
161 
209 



129 
113 
136 
256 

260 
160 
170 
225 
212 

106 
105 
107 
258 
135 

248 
228 
322 
268 
73 

218 

135 
47 
175 
210 

366 

169 
209 
244 
162 

275 
204 
188 
252 
225 

136 
220 
214 
159 
313 

419 
27 
109 
163 



132 
415 
255 

315 
92 

198 
181 
108 
123 
200 

223 

91 
47 
94 
167 

93 
139 
175 
158 
216 



104 

43 

106 

211 

245 
184 
213 
241 
210 

119 

148 
99 

270 
108 

.256 
202 
268 

273 
72 

172 
128 
19 
129 
227 

290 
180 
97 
233 
119 

311 
211 
139 
214 
211 

136 
191 
166 
164 
251 

409 
11 
48 

189 



12,384 
15,792 
11,402 
20,073 
16,105 

11,413 
11,663 
14,821 
12,012 
11,566 

17,511 
16,627 
15,415 
10,122 
12,826 

10,408 
15,175 
16,950 
21 ,732 
11,323 

15,996 

19,250 
10,771 
17,142 
16,763 

19,884 
12,564 

12,761 
16,550 
20,155 

13,208 
11,139 
12,261 
16,442 
11,905 

12,287 
17,890 
19,812 
15,600 
11,535 

13,580 
16,467 
13,301 
13,186 
11,491 

24 ,970 
11,553 
16,577 
14,446 
11,126 

18,943 
14,610 
22,206 
16,679 
12,206 

10,628 
12,367 
11,507 
12,347 
17,544 

20,423 
11,488 
23,823 
22,995 



10,971 
19,790 
10,529 
17,156 
15,184 

9,790 
7,944 
7,172 
3,815 
8,720 

16,825 
10,377 
6,146 
6,856 
11,134 

8,038 
13,742 
14,356 
15,781 
10,714 

11,844 

6,629 
3,805 
6,226 

11,440 

13,337 
13,115 
11,363 
15,777 
10,097 

10,765 
8,632 
12,577 
14,930 
11,739 

11,343 
16,165 
15,874 
15,462 
10,761 

10,367 
15,919 
8,938 
9,298 
12,436 

15,344 
10,481 
5,748 
12,633 
11,041 

16,102 
13,008 
9,950 
14,455 
13,223 

9,697 
8,259 
8,212 
9,805 
11,851 

21,819 
5,981 
14 ,458 
14,064 



527 

995 

1,790 

1,257 

647 

1,326 

1,243 

739 

687 

1,915 

965 
904 
427 
366 
679 

810 
1,070 
644 
455 
891 

1,012 

545 

737 

821 

1,234 

1,218 

644 

1,532 

1,111 
921 

613 
568 
441 
1,500 
654 

1,786 
1,190 
1,206 
1,451 
501 

1,282 
415 
434 
844 

1,145 

1,200 

908 

1,165 

1,060 

854 

1,195 
1,124 
628 
1,650 
1,132 

1,485 
2,203 
1,713 
1,020 
2,177 

2,678 
557 
460 
706 



181 
331 
723 
473 
209 

527 
504 
286 
590 
775 

378 
265 
291 
181 
263 

214 
481 
274 
226 
329 



412 
176 
724 
462 

600 
180 
618 
447 
546 

227 
330 
111 
486 
220 

620 
438 
547 
460 
180 

484 
170 
74 
323 
322 



290 
460 
367 
259 

480 
362 
297 
595 
436 

510 
857 
586 
430 
948 

872 
47 
113 
370 



Valdosta, Ga. . . . 
Vallejo, Calif.. 
Valparaiso, Ind. 
Van Wert, Ohio. . 
Vernon, Tex 



Verona, N. J. . . 
Victoria, Tex.. 
Vincennes, Ind. 
Virginia, Minn. 
Visalia, Calif. 



Wabash, Ind 

Wakefield town. Mass,'. 

Walla Walla, Wash 

Wallingford, Conn 

Warren, Pa 



Washington, Ind 

Washington Court House, 

Ohio 

Watertown, S, Dak 

Watertown, Wis 

Waterville, Maine 

Watervliet, N, Y 

Watsonville, Calif 

Waukesha, Wis 

Waxahachie, Tex 

Waycross, Ga 

Waynesboro , Pa 

Waynesboro , Va 

Webster Groves, Mo 

Webster town. Mass,',.. 
Weehawken twp,, N, J,', 

Weirton, W. Va 

Wellesley town, Mass.', 

Wenatchee, Wash 

West Chester, Pa 

West Frankfort, 111.... 



West Lafayette, Ind 

West Monroe, La.., 

West Springfield town, 

Mass.' 

West University Place, 

Tex 

West Warwick town, R.I.' 

Westbrook, Maine 

Westerly town, R. I.'.... 

Westfield, Mass 

Westfield, N. J 

Wheaton, 111 



Whitefish Bay, Wis. 



Whittier, Calif. 
Willijnantic, Conn. 

Wllmette, 111 

Wilson, N. C 



Winchester, Va 

Winchester town, Mass. 

Winfield, Kans 

Winnetka, 111 

Winona, Minn 



Winthrop town, Mass 
Wisconsin Rapids, 

Woburn, Mass 

Wood River, 111.. 
Woodbury, N. J... 



Wis 



Wooster, Ohio... 

Xenia, Ohio 

Yeadon, Pa 

Ypsilanti, Mich. 



19,927 
49,318 
15,210 
17,091 
17,521 

3,069 
25,866 
29,608 
17,711 
29,517 

13,094 
14,304 
41,418 
15,027 
34,528 

14,960 

17,827 
24,316 
17,782 
25,320 

9,813 
22,739 
27,907 
14,253 
22,161 

12,818 
13,416 
15,097 
11,994 
4,802 

17,169 
23,347 
27,888 
29,006 
12 ,861 

8,027 
8,525 



1,156 
23,639 

9,295 
18,660 
21,269 
21,510 

9,137 

4,376 
32,731 
24,413 
14,783 
26,275 

28,237 
9,162 
14,073 
20,772 
30,145 

7,619 
18,411 
16,589 
12,164 
14,542 

26,640 
20,693 



6,524 
12,202 
5,516 
5,200 
5,476 

2,126 
7,803 
9,471 
7,487 
8,631 

4,500 
5,629 

11,747 
4,509 

13,248 

4,272 

6,209 
7,106 
6,114 
9,670 

3,958 
7,649 
9,224 
4,098 
7,743 

4,129 
3,790 
6,091 
4,151 
2,803 

O) 
3,440 
10,727 
9,954 
3,671 

2,446 

2,502 

5,386 

310 
7,158 

3,478 
6,919 
7,672 
6,415 
3,250 

990 
9,331 
7,970 
6,308 
7,914 

8,004 
2,953 

4,740 

5,081 

11,017 

3,525 
6,4/i5 
6,559 
3,294 
4,887 

8,441 
5,4i6 
1,035 
7,250 



310 
462 
165 
183 
228 

97 
302 
324 
227 
251 

169 
191 
301 
237 
247 



166 
214 
228 

250 

204 
221 
260 
207 
312 

165 
157 
144 
215 
111 

293 
165 
227 
256 
195 

76 

153 



13 
331 

141 
246 
274 
226 

88 

37 
266 
272 
133 
385 

283 
110 
180 
120 
339 

135 
214 
235 
148 
148 

223 

176 

63 

254 



273 
385 
138 

131 
212 

90 
250 
353 
213 
249 

199 
193 
304 
239 
225 



196 
219 
244 
234 

260 
256 
290 
209 

332 

161 
118 
157 
177 
112 

155 
260 
289 
196 

70 

117 



6 

310 

142 
213 
241 
163 
90 

36 
257 
294 
165 

311 

265 
113 
211 
94 
383 

145 
153 
264 
140 

144 

• 248 

203 

52 

258 



20,004 
23,164 
11,966 
10,317 
12,684 

10,910 
16,102 
13,793 
12,332 
11,690 

10,594 
19,600 
24,071 
11 ,943 
14,747 

10,949 

10,457 
12,662 
12,393 
18,232 

15,036 
11,516 
21,186 
11,196 
18,842 

10,321 
12,337 
23,289 
13,215 
14,080 

24,143 
20,347 
12,965 
15,109 
11,251 

11,821 
10,286 

20,398 

17,053 
19,042 

12,280 
12,354 
20,961 
21,335 
11,574 

14,626 
23,866 
13,565 
18,184 
22,964 

13,766 
15,567 
10,238 
12,545 
24,965 

19,494 
13,518 
20,269 
10,217 
10,909 

13,896 
12,871 
11,322 
18,267 



15,595 
20,072 
8,736 
9,227 
9,277 

8,957 
11,566 
18,228 
12,264 

3,904 

9,653 
16,223 
18,109 
11,425 
14,891 

9,312 

9,402 
10,617 
11,301 
16,688 

16,114 
8,937 

19,242 
8,655 

16,763 

10,231 
7,373 
18,394 
13,186 
14,363 

(') 
15,127 
11,620 
13,289 
12,383 

6,270 
3,560 

17,135 

9,221 
18,188 

11,087 
11,199 
18,793 
13,458 
7,389 

9,651 
16,115 
12,101 
17,226 
19,234 

12,095 
15,081 
9,506 
12,430 
22 ,490 

16,768 
11,416 
19,751 
8,197 
8,306 

11,543 
10,633 
8,524 
12,121 



996 
2,129 
1,271 
1,656 
1,381 

740 
1,606 
1,575 
1,436 
2,525 

1,236 
755 
1,721 
1,253 
2,341 

1,366 

1,705 
1,920 
1,435 
1,339 

653 
1,974 
1,317 
1,273 
1,176 

1,242 

1,087 

648 

908 

341 

7U 
1,120 
2,151 
1,920 
1,143 

679 
829 



68 

1,241 

757 
1,510 
1,015 
1,008 

789 

299 
1,371 
1,800 

313 
1,144 

2,055 
539 
1,374 
1,656 
1,207 

391 
1,362 

818 
1,190 
1,333 

1,917 

1,608 

255 

1,436, 



413 
608 
631 
564 
590 

237 
675 
520 
610 
975 

466 
347 
649 
395 
890 



660 
669 
541 
579 

246 
856 
479 
473 
462 

404 
514 
331 
315 
195 

(') 
558 
923 
749 
296 

390 
292 



34 
394 

314 
618 
408 
348 
440 

102 
579 
659 
366 
411 

662 
196 
499 
409 
490 

210 
564 
332 
402 
588 

731 
512 
121 
598 



^ Per capita sales Is ratio of sales to population in nearest census year. 

' Based on advance 1950 population estljnates. 

^ Not shown separately in 1939. 

* Not shown separately in 1940. 

' Classified as urban under special rule. 



SALES SIZE 



CONTENTS 



Table 



2A 



2C 



Sales Size 
Stores 



—United States, by Kind of Business, by Full- 
and sales 



and Part-Year Operation, 19-48: 



Page 



2.02 



2B Sales Size — United States, by Kind of Business, 194-8: Stores, sales, pay roll, and personnel. 2.08 



Sales Size of Stores With Legal Form Corporation — United States, by Kind of Business, 19<48: 
Stores, sales, pay roll, and paid employees 



2.15 



2D Sales Size of Stores With Legal Form Other Than Corporation — United States, by Kind of Busi- 
ness, 1948: Stores, sales, payroll, and persoxmel 2,19 



2E Sales Size— State, by Kind of 

Page 

Alabama 2.25 

Arizona 2.26 

Arkansas 2.27 

California 2.28 

Colorado 2,29 

Connecticut 2.30 

Delaware 2.31 

District of Columbia... 2.32 

Florida 2 .33 

Georgia 2.34 

Idaho 2.35 

Illinois 2.36 

Indiana 2.37 

Iowa 2.38 

Kansas 2.39 

Kentucky, 2.4-0 

Louisiana , 2.41 



Business, 1948: Stores and sales. 2.25 



Maine 

Maryland 

Massachusetts. . 

Michigan 

Minnesota 

Mississippi. . . . 

Missouri 

Montana 

Nebraska 

Nevada 

New Hampshire.. 

New Jersey 

New Mexico 

New York 

North Carolina. 
North Dakota.. . 



Page Page 

2.42 Ohio 2.58 

2.43 Oklahoma 2.59 

2.44 Oregon 2.60 

2.45 Pennsylvania 2.61 

2.46 Rhode Island 2,62 

2.47 South Carolina 2.63 

2.48 South Dakota 2.64- 

2.49 Tennessee 2.65 

2.50 Texas 2.66 

2.51 Utah 2.67 

2.52 Vermont 2.68 

2.53 Virginia 2,69 

2.54 Washington 2.70 

2.55 West Virginia 2.71 

2.56 Wisconsin 2.72 

2.57 Wyoming, 2.73 



2F Sales Size of Single and Multiunits — United States, by Kind of Business, 1948: Stores and 

sales 2.74 

2G Sales Size of Single and Multiunits — Geographic Division, by Kind of Business, 1948: Stores 

and sales 2.78 



Page 

New England 2 . 78 

Middle Atlantic 2 . 80 

East North Central 2.82 



Page 

West North Central 2.84 

South Atlantic 2.86 

East South Central 2.88 



Page 

West South Central 2 . 90 

Mountain 2.92 

Pacific 2.94 



P. 0. - 27 



2.01 



2.02 



RETAIL TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2A.— SALES SIZE- 



UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS, BY FULL- AND PART- YEAR OPERATION: 1948 

Storefi and Sales 



Kind of business 



Total 



Stores 
(J^umber) 



Sales, 
entire year 

{Thousand 
dolldrj) 



Stores operated 
entire year 



Sales, 
entire year 

{Thousand 
doH<iT5) 



Stores not operated 
entire year 



Sales 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Stores with annual sales of— 



$1,000,000 or more 



Stores 
{Humbcr) 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Tlwusand 
dollars) 



Stores operated 
entire year 



Number 



Sales, 
entire year 

{TTiousand 
dollars) 



Stores nor operated 

entire year 



United States, total 

Food group 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat 

Grocery stores, with fresh meat 

Meat markets, fish markets 

Fruit stores, vegetable markets 

Candy, nut, confectionery stores 

Dairy products stores, milk dealers 

Bakery products stores 

Egg, poultry dealers 

All other food stores 

Eating and drinking places 

Eating places 

Drinking places 

General stores 

General merchandise group 

Department stores 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores 

Variety stores 

Apparel group 

Men's, boys" clothing, furnishings stores .... 

Family clothing stores 

Women's ready-to-wear stores 

Milhnery stores 

Other apparel accessory, specialty stores .... 

Shoe stores 

Custom tailors 

Fumers, fur shops 

All other apparel stores 

Furniture, furnishings, appliance group 

Furniture stores 

Floor covering, drapery stores 

Other home furnishing stores 

Household apphance stores 

Radio stores 

Automotive group 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

All other automotive dealers 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber, building, hardware group 

Lumber yards, building materials dealers 

Plumbing, pamt, electrical stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers 

Drug and proprietary stores 

Drug stores 

Drug stores, with fountain 

Dru^ stores, other 

Proprietary stores 

Liquor stores 

Second-hand stores 

Other retail stores 

Fuel, fuel oil dealers 

Ice dealers 

Feed, farm, garden supply stores 

Jewelry stores 

Book, stationery stores 

Sporting goods stores, bicycle stores 

Florists 

Cigar stores and stands 

News dealers, newsstands 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores 

Music stores 

Luggage,- leather goods stores 

Opucal goods stores 

Camera, photographic supply stores 

Office, store machine ana equipment dealers . 
All other retail stores 

See footnote at end of table. 



I,769,5i0 



249, 111 



6,6''7,629 



10,668 



26,193,217 



25,822,366 



304,439 



30,965,6,4 



434, 172 



154,277 
223,662 
29,465 
15,763 
32,876 
11,727 
20,152 
5,582 
10,935 

346,556 



4,026,835 
20,743,288 

1,775,569 
398,968 
649,347 

1,886,962 
725,021 
256,664 
503,020 

10,683,324 



194,123 
152,433 



21,557 



6,468,223 
4,215,101 



1,159,361 



15,975,357 



131,742 
194,459 
26,133 
13,485 
27,039 
10,425 
16,918 
4,822 
9,149 

280, 395 



29,02'. ,531 



70,267 



1,938,143 



29,754 
20,210 



115,246 



10,644,747 
2,823,869 
2,506,741 

9,803,218 



150,933 
129,462 



47,492 



3,742,828 
19,423,875 

1,676,947 
366, 101 
600,026 

1,836,707 
670, 574 
241,406 
469,067 

9,737,214 



22,535 
29,203 
3,332 
2,278 
5,837 
1,302 
3,234 
760 
1,786 

66,161 



2,537 
26,889 
13,066 

102, 345 



5,871,035 
3,866,179 



15,774,756 



43,190 
22,971 



284,007 
1,319,413 
98,622 
32,867 
49,321 
50,255 
54,447 
15,258 
33,953 

946, 110 



2,382 



22 

1,953 

23 

2 

19 
340 



3,815,193 



33,490 
2,820,595 
34,691 
(x) 

30,384 
(x) 
(x) 
6,958 
(x) 



2,315 



3,712,149 



22 

1,889 

23 

1 

19 

338 



23,730 
12,533 
30,677 
5,725 
7,756 
19, 551 
4,963 
2,350 
7,961 

85,585 



29,031 
7,746 
11,877 
29,700 
7,231 

86,162 



2,165,953 

1,791,317 

3, 305, 162 

108, 556 

328, 311 

1,467,307 

142, 861 

219,290 

274,461 

6,914,179 



21,382 

11,404 

26,903 

5,211 

6,691 

17,658 

4,599 

2,213 

6,284 

75,622 



(x) 
2,445,889 

9,429,559 



43 
2,865 

2,144 

12,901 



597, 188 
348,922 



200,601 



33,490 
2,723,329 
34,691 
(x) 

30,384 
857, 528 
(x) 

6,958 
(x) 

190,802 



2,034,586 

1,730,579 

3,191,439 

102,347 

310,486 

1,411,225 

137,259 

212,864 

248, 774 

6,616,788 



2,348 

1,129 

3,774 

514 

1,065 

1,893 

364 

137 

1,677 

9,963 



(x) 
60,852 

373,659 



140 
2 



2,043 



(x) 
55,110 



139 
2 



,548 
182 
313 



3,427,158 
500,356 
443,296 

2,159 302 
384,057 

20,104,054 



43, 999 
16,874 
20,628 
4,661 

138,253 

98,938 



15,952,781 

2,441,377 

1,359,596 

350, 300 

6,483,301 

11,151,470 



26, 113 
6,490 
10, 150 
26,622 
6,247 

75,712 



40,225 

13,056 

18,531 

3,900 

156,096 

89, 199 



3,311,796 
471,322 
422,894 

2,053,546 
357,230 

18,943,705 



2,918 
1,256 
1,727 
3,078 
984 

10,450 



81,367 
60,738 
113,723 
6,209 
17,825 
56,082 
5,602 
6,426 
25,687 

297,391 



134 
234 
373 



10,014,692 

385,089 
516,076 

1,943,501 



1,534 
132 
308 



(x) 



55,110 

10.Sb5.549 



26,110 
20,539 
34,674 
17,615 

55,796 



46,955 
33,429 
13,526 
8,341 

33,422 

16,969 

164,073 



5,127,050 
1,144,579 
2,493,669 
2,386,172 

4,013,231 



23,919 
18,028 
31,534 
15,718 

51,497 



15,204,796 

2, 113', 968 

1,303,390 

321,051 

5,918,451 

10,677,476 



4,953,267 
1,034,408 
2,401,907 
2,237,894 

3,864,070 



3,774 

3,313 

2,097 

761 

32,157 

9.739 



115,372 
29,034 
20, .,02 

105,756 
26,827 

1,160,349 



747,985 

327,409 

55,706 

29,249 

564,850 

473,994 



250 

13 
27 



3,296 



239,376 
Cx) 
(x) 

5,734 
54,929 
(x) 

33, 188 
(x) 

633,979 



IX 
223 
372 



9,971,473 
385,089 
508,987 

1,925,293 



3,061 

208 

12 



486, 135 
23,067 
(x) 
(x) 
(x) 

5,924,033 



2,191 
2,511 
3,140 
1,897 

4,299 



173,783 
60,171 
91,762 

143,278 

149,161 



453 
17 
147 



5,556,490 
(x) 

14,801 
(x) 

(x) 

1,109,890 



247 
13 
26 
54 
23 

3,187 



239,376 
696, 302 
890,976 

5,784 
54,929 
(x) 

33,188 
(x) 

673,883 



2,968 
194 
12 



12 
686 



482,920 
23,067 
44,796 
83,716 
39,384 

5,761,956 



749,893 

22,989 

222, 800 

114,208 



5,414,852 

314,738 
14,801 
17,565 

(x) 

1.100,569 



19,478 
3,192 

21,558 

21, 269 
6,938 
8,597 

14,749 

14, 526 
6,801 

12,516 
6,120 
1,188 
1,897 
3,030 
2,347 

19,867 



3,678,463 

2,797,225 

881,233 

334,768 

2,579,507 



10,383,218 



2,339,777 

84,620 

3,146,859 

1,224,878 

549,124 

344,861 

377,250 

535,255 

216,866 

195,664 

337, 338 

68,828 

73,921 

202,099 

109,507 

576,371 



43,759 
31, 140 
12,619 
7,738 

29,217 

14,416 

144,360 



18,273 
2,904 
19,546 
19, 196 
6,219 
7,378 
12,860 
12,532 
6,092 
9,914 
5,205 
1,075 
1,676 
2,603 
2,067 
16,820 



3,549,991 

2,700,114 

849, 877 

314,079 

2,457,096 

286,671 

10,007,268 



2,292,176 

82,943 

3,038,084 

1,188,408 

536,238 

326,486 

361,437 

497,352 

207,532 

181,415 

324,315 

65,603 

70,865 

190,630 

102,152 

541,627 



3,196 
2,289 

907 
1,103 

4,205 

2,553 

19,713 



1,205 

288 

2,012 

2,073 

719 

1,219 

1,889 

1,994 

709 

2,602 

915 

113 

221 

427 

280 

3,047 



128,472 
97,111 
31,361 
20,689 

122,411 



375.950 



82,442 

-J^ 

62,191 

(x) 

(x) 



(x) 
(x) 



743,908 
22,989 
219,464 
114,208 

82,442 

1^ 

62,191 

(x) 

(x) 

214,559 

(x) 

1,222.599 



47,601 

1,672 

108,775 

36,470 

12,886 

18,375 

15,813 

37,903 

9,334 

14,249 

13,023 

3,225 

3,056 

11,469 

7,355 

34,744 



237 
62 



40 
1 
2 

23 
3 



(x) 

4,731 

388,493 

(x) 
102,856 
(x) 

77,970 
(x) 
(x) 

36,798 
4,478 

18,461 

(x) 

27,795 



232 

4 
233 
61 

44 
10 



2 

23 

3 



1 
12 



433,478 
4,731 
381,050 
109,360 
102,856 
21,090 

73, 868 
(x) 
(x) 

36,798 
4,478 

18,461 

(x) 

27,795 



3 

1 
2 
2 

109 



SALES SIZE 



2.03 



Table 2A.— SALES SIZE- 



UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS, BY FULL- AND PART- YEAR OPERATION: 1948— Continued 

Stores and Sales 



Stores with annual sales of— 



$500,000 to $999,999 



Kind of business 



Stores 



United States, total . 



Food ftroup 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat. 
Grocery stores, with fresh meat . . . . 

Meat markets, 6sh markets 

Fruit stores, vegetable markets 

Candy, nut, confecaonery stores. . . 
Dairy products stores, milk dealers. 

Bakery products stores 

Egg, poultry dealers 

/ul other food stores 



Eadnft and drinking places. 

Eating places 

Drinking places 



General storea , 



General merchandise ftroup 

Department stores 

E>ry goods, general merchandise stores . 
Variety stores 



Apparel group 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores . 

Family clothing stores 

Women's ready-to-wear stores 

Millinery stores 

Other apparel accessory, specialty stores . 

Shoe stores 

Custom tailors 

Fumers, fur shops 

All other apparel stores 



Furniture, furnishings, appliance group. 

Furniture stores 

Floor covering, drapery stores 

Other home furnishing stores 

Household appliance stores 

Radio stores 



Automotive group 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers. , 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

All other automotive dealers 



Gasoline serrlce stations . 



Lumber, building, hardware group. 

Lumber yards, building materials dealers 

Plumbing, pamt, electrical stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers 



Drug and proprietary stores. 

Drug stores , 

Drug stores, with fountain .... 
Drug stores, other , 

Proprietary stores ■...., 



Liquor stores 

Second-hand stores. 



Other retail stores 

Fuel, fuel oil dealers , 

Ice dealers 

Feed, farm, garden supply stares 

Jewelry stores 

Book, stationery stores 

Sportmg goods stores, bicycle steles 

Florists 

Cigar stores and stands 

News dealers, newsstands 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores 

Music stores 

Luggage, leather goods stores 

Opacal goods stores 

Camera, photographic supply stores 

Office, store machine and equipment dealeiB. 
All other retail stores 



22,^69 



(■..^l'. 



109 

98 
13 
jU 

17 



551 
33 



679 
691 
656 



353 
255 
570 

22 

162 

7 

41 



646 
70 

6a 

266 
71 



5,290 
112 



2,170 



1,495 

81 

309 

285 

350 



344 
270 



Sales, 
entire year 

{Thousand 
doll^iri) 



15,335,241 



4,260,587 



71,351 
3,766,841 
(x) 
Cx) 

29,030 
(x) 
(x) 
9,721 
(x) 

Lx] 



Stores operated 
entire year 



Number 



21,757 



5,969 



102 

5,258 

97 

13 

U. 

330 
17 
16 



(x) 
(>c) 



536 
33 



129 
2,001 



503,897 
462, 433 
448,781 



667 
685 
649 



236,291 
(x) 
(«) 

14,783 

(x) 

(x) 

(x) 

(X) 

748,777 



349 
245 

554 

22 

161 

7 

40 



434,221 
45,795 I 
46,130 
(x) 
(x) 

4,200,230 



3,661,510 
(x) 
(x) 
38,835 

(x) 
1,463,146 



1,008,638 
(x) 
(x) 
188,982 

227,19'-, 



474 

10 

828 

177 

94 

39 

10 

54 

7 

5 

56 

3 

2 

25 

6 

30 



(x) 
174,419 
(x) 
(x) 

291, 136 

(x) 

Jx) 



642 
70 
68 

258 



5,067 
585 
110 



,471 
79 
301 
270 



X) 

6,159 
554,413 
120,835 
(x) 
(x) 

6,270 
37,377 

5,335 
(x) 
38,535 

1,867 
(x) 
(x) 
(x) 
21,163 



341 

267 

74 

6 



1,796 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



14,855,832 112 



4.092.881 



66,745 
3,613,091 
62,735 
(x) 

29,030 
228,286 
(x) 
9,721 
(x) 

380,326 



(x) 
(x) 



1,397,383 



495,107 
458,898 
443, 378 



233,721 
169,339 

380,(X5 

14,783 
105,478 
(x) 

26,624 
(x) 

736,623 



431,645 
45,795 
46,130 

169, 310 
43,743 

4,005,298 



3,509,753 
390,779 
67,934 
36,782 

(x) 



992,322 

51,422 

207,647 

178,690 

225,475 



472 
10 
815 
177 
93 
36 
10 



(x) 
172,697 
(x) 
(x) 

289,281 

(x) 

1,206,697 



Stores not operated 
entire year 



Number 



7 
226 

1 



6 
287 



223 
59 
2 
3 



314,610 

6,159 
547,263 
120,835 
60,207 
25,104 

6,270 
35,374 

5,335 
(x) 
38,535 

1,867 
(x) 

15,938 
(x) 
21,163 



(Thotudrul 
doHflrr) 



479.409 



167.706 



4,606 
153,750 
(x) 



(x) 



(x) 
_ixl_ 



(x) 



17.728 



8,790 
3.535 
5.403 

22.599 



2.570 
(x) 

(x) 



(x) 



(x) 
(x) 



12.154 



(x) 
(x) 

194.932 



151.757 
(x) 
(x) 
2,053 

(x) 

33.065 



16, 316 
(x) 
(x) 
10,292 

1,722 



1,722 
1,722 



3,855 
(x) 
_ix) 



(x) 
7,150 



(x) 
(x) 



2,003 



<x) 
(x) 



$300,000, to $499,999 



Total 



Stores 

(?>tutiibeT) 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
doltoTi) 



34,478 



7.587 



404 

6,147 

368 



39; 
46 
47 



1,044 
75 



259 
1,119 
1,084 

2,411 



594 

371 

895 

3 

49 
375 

24 



2.326 



1,259 
140 
157 
665 

105 

8.645 



6.926 

1.165 

424 

130 

315 

4.395 



2.546 
282 

577 
990 

912 



893 
717 
176 



3.393 



845 
20 
1,590 
324 
189 
67 
21 
83 
15 
11 
79 
15 
14 
46 
12 
62 



13,146,296 



2.915.737 



149.576 
2.374.958 

(x) 

(x) 

(x) 
151,020 

(x) 

(x) 

(x) 



424,183 

(x) 
(x) 



946,656 



103,228 
429,696 
413,734 

916,134 



224,201 

142,553 

343,281 

985 

(x) 

(x) 

(X) 

(x) 

(x) 

880,907 



476,648 

(x) 

(x) 
250,853 

40,083 

3,310,288 



2,662,610 
440,233 
(x) 
(x) 

115,569 

1,659,567 



972, 386 

(x) 

(x) 
368,643 

342,075 



335,105 

268, 185 

66,920 

6,970 

217; 072 

14, 592 

1.287,490 



320,414 

7,711 
604,451 
(x) 
(x) 
(x) 

7,827 
32,261 
(x) 

4,092 
(x) 

5,456 
(x) 
(x) 

4,477 
(x) 



Stores operated 
entire year 



Number 



_33j215 



7,202 



387 
5,810 

356 
33 
64 

384 
45 
46 



1,089 



1,016 
73 



251 
1,102 
1,076 



580 

364 

879 

3 

47 

366 

23 

60 

33 

2,281 



1,237 
139 
154 
649 
102 

8,160 



6,575 

1,040 

420 

125 

295 

4,277 



2,486 
273 

567 
951 

897 



881 

708 

173 

16 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Stores not operated 
entire year 



12,670,539 



2,770,805 



142,984 
2,248,178 

133,007 
12,266 
24,270 

146,782 
17,194 
17,132 
28,992 

413,123 



386,079 
27,044 



100,351 
423. 726 
410,839 

895,107 



218,899 

139,641 

337,025 

985 

17,349 

137,690 

8,569 

22,506 

12,443 

863,806 



468,450 
52,809 
58,878 

244,857 
38,812 

3,124,380 



2,527,721 
392,797 
156,890 
46,972 

108,001 

1,616,315 



950,147 
100,049 
211,860 
354,259 

336,444 



330,523 

264,618 

65,905 

5.921 



560 


215,258 


40 


14, 592 


3.326 


1,263.309 


834 


316,690 


20 


7,711 


1,556 


592,043 


319 


120,842 


187 


72,081 


66 


24,858 


21 


7,827 


75 


29,169 


15 


(x) 


11 


4,092 


78 


28,772 


15 


5,456 


14 


(x) 


42 


15,815 


12 


4,477 


61 


22,739 



IjZ" 



17 
337 
12 



(Thousand 
dolldTS) 



351 
125 



20 
118 



475,757 



144.932 



6,592 
126.780 
(x) 
(x) 
(x) 

4.238 
(x) 
(x) 
(x) 

11,060 

■~ra — 

(x) 



11,742 
2,877 
5,970 
2,895 

21,027 



5,302 
2,912 
6,256 

(x)""" 

(x) 

(x) 

(x) 

(x) 

17.101 
8,193 

(x) 

(x) 
5,996 
1,271 

185,908 



134,889 
47,436 
(x) 
(x) 

7,568 

43,252 



22,239 
(x) 
(X) 
14,384 

5,631 



4,582 
3,567 
1,015 
1,049 

1,314 



24,181 



3,724 

12,403 
(x) 
(x) 
(x) 

3,092 



(x) 

(x)' 
(x)' 



See footnote at end of table. 



2.04 



RETAIL TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2A.— SALES SIZE— UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS, BY FULL- AND PART- YEAR OPERATION: 1948— Continued 

Stores and Sales 

Stores with annual sales of — 



Kind of business 



$100,000 to $299,999 



Total 



Stores 

CHumhcr) 



Sales, 
entire year 

{Thousand 
dollars) 



Stores operated 
entire year 



Number 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dolldrs) 



Stores not operated 
entire year 



(TflOUSdTUl 

dollars) 



$50,000 to $99,999 



Stones 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Tliousand 
dolldrs) 



Stores operated 
entire year 



Number 



Sales, 
cotire year 

(TluTusand 
dolldrs) 



Stores not operated 
entire year 



(TTiousdnd 
dollars) 



United States, total 

Food group 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat 

Grocery stores, with fresh meat 

Meat markets, fish markets 

Fruit stores, vegetable markets 

Candy, nut, confectionery stores 

Dairy products stores, milk dealers 

Bakery products stores 

Egg, poultry dealers 

AU other food stores 

Eating and drlnldng places 

Eating places 

Drinking places 

General stores 

Genera] merchandise group 

Department stores 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores 

Variety stores 

Apparel group 

Men's, boys' clothing, frimishings stores 

Family clothing stores 

Women's ready-to-wear stores 

Millinery stores 

Other apparel accessory, specialty stores .... 

Shoe stores 

Custom tailors 

Fumers, fur shops 

All other apparel stores 

Furniture, furnishings, appliance group 

Furniture stores 

Floor covering, drapery stores 

CXber home rumisbing stores 

Household appliance stores 

Radio stores 

Automotive group 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

All other automotive dealers 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber, building, hardware group 

Lumber yards, building materials dealers 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers 

Drug and proprietary stores 

Drug stores 

Drug stores, with fountain 

Drug stores, other 

Proprietary stores 

Liquor stores 

Second-hand stores 

Other retail stores 

Fuel, fuel oil dealers 

Ice dealers 

Feed, farm, garden supply stores 

Jewelry stores 

Book, stationery stores 

Sporting goods stores, bicycle stores ........ 

Florists 

Cigar stores and stands 

News dealers, newsstands 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores 

Music stores 

Luggage, leather goods stores 

Optical goods stores 

C^ameta, photographic supply stores 

Office, store machine ana equipment dealers . 
All other retail stores 



194,829 



47,222 



6,267 
32,225 

3,856 
512 
450 

1,896 
997 
502 
517 

12,102 



9,463 
2,639 



2,050 
8,606 



4,777 
3,738 



17,721 



4,662 

2,476 

5,288 

61 

657 

3,515 

248 

406 

408 

14.609 



7,425 
1,015 

592 
4,948 

629 

.27,443 



18,766 

4,663 

3,301 

713 

7,696 

25,086 



10,348 
2,430 
4,902 
7,406 

9.273 



8,940 

6,897 

2,043 

333 

4,718 

350 

17,953 



4,444 
149 
6,185 
2,127 
941 
514 
385 
670 
326 
116 
616 
156 
125 
418 
165 
616 



1,429,245 



298,555 



20,854,524 



19,640,842 



17,687 



7,510,669 



946,316 

5,193,638 

601,244 

(x) 

(x) 
318,44B 

(x) 

(x) 

81,5L2 

1,853,603 



44,645 



7,098,197 



(x) 



6,032 
30, 190 

3,718 
488 
421 

1,837 
968 
491 
500 

11,566 



910,279 
4,863,820 

580,403 
74,342 
64,631 

309, 141 

140, 394 
76,007 
79,180 

1,773,327 



2.577 



412.472 



84,771 



235 
2,035 

138 
24 
29 
59 
29 
11 
17 



22,666 
823, 180 
661,358 



9,023 
2,543 



2,008 
8,389 



84 
4,635 
3,670 

17,178 



1,412,818 
360,509 



322,413 
1,471,794 



36,037 
329,818 
20,841 
(x) 
(x) 

9,307 
(x) 
(x) 

2,332 

80,276 



740,449 

396, 378 

862,548 

8,726 

(x) 
549,535 

(x) 

67,256 

60,283 

2,367,130 



1,238,776 
(x) 
(x) 
778,098 
102,938 

4,950,757 



4,524 

2,406 

5,090 

58 

631 

3,442 

243 

401 

383 

14,101 



21,017 
800,423 
650, 354 

2,738,964 



(x) 



35,410 



13,902 
51,172 
7,680 
1,529 
1,671 
2,475 
3,305 
1,(K0 
1,997 

37,309 



5,903,019 



142 
68 



1,649 
22,757 
11,004 

84,371 



20,950 
16,359 



8,679 



956,570 
3,584,466 
539, 517 
102,784 
111,557 
176, 301 
225,047 
72, 161 
134,616 

2,503.551 



79,524 



13,155 
47,761 
7,244 
1,417 
1,591 
2,348 
3,147 
977 
1,884 

35.011 



5,541.517 



1,434,149 
1,069,402 



268,955 



19, 525 
15,486 



905,851 

3,347,625 

509,507 

95,193 
106,084 
167,384 
214,668 

67,856 
127,349 

2,352,023 



1,338,839 
1,013,184 



3 

5,344 
3,332 

24.734 



3,484,666 
810, 505 
535,565 
120,021 

1,109,422 

4,215,506 



7,189 
975 
570 

4,772 
595 

25,242 



719,211 

386,184 

831,081 

8,358 

95,264 

538, 565 

37,724 

66,300 

56,277 

2,303,972 



138 

70 

198 

3 

26 

73 

5 

5 

25 



21,238 
10, 194 
31,467 

368 
(x) 

10,970 
(x) 

956 
4,006 

81,158 



17,443 

3,929 

3,212 

658 

7,444 

24,012 



1,200,684 
159,419 

98, 376 
750,044 

97,449 

4,570.078 



236 
40 
22 

176 
34 



3,248,628 
687,348 
522,592 
111,510 

1,073,094 

4,046,277 



1,828,999 
377,952 
768,429 

1,240,126 

1,426,523 



9,900 
2,354 
4,785 
6,973 

9.011 



1,756,224 
366,566 
751,600 

1,171,887 

1.389.065 



1,323 
734 
89 



1,074 



38,092 
(x) 
(x) 

28,054 
5,489 

380.679 



6,217 

3,008 

6,360 

330 

1,313 

5,301 

497 

516 

1,192 

17,509 



264 
378,688 
234,330 

1.751,234 



236,038 

123,157 

12,973 

8,511 

36,328 

169,229 



6,992 
1,597 

995 
7,060 

865 

15,591 



439,922 

216,280 

451,373 

22,187 

92,316 

376, 347 

34,534 

36,645 

81,630 

1.250,026 



1 
5,052 
3,171 

23.555 



504,944 
112,884 

68, 588 
502,712 

60,898 



5,923 

2,866 

6,030 

312 

1,256 

5,068 

473 

494 

1,133 

16.529 



582,147 

ra 

(x) 

223,400 

1.669.760 



6,251 

3,916 

4,470 

954 

31,273 

23,644 



448 
76 
117 
433 



72, 775 
11,386 
16,829 
68,239 



5,759 
4,357 
8,569 
4,959 



475,315 
284,615 
317,726 
67,681 

2,114,037 

1,708,495 



6,587 
1,494 

936 
6,693 

819 

13.714 



419,715 

206, 379 

428,371 

20,919 

88,542 

360, 168 

32,839 

35,148 

77,679 

1.182,250 



476,984 
105,815 

64, 573 
477,184 

57,694 



1,377,344 

1,069,125 

308,219 

49,179 

727,426 



(x) 
JxL 



744,449 

24,672 

1,070,235 

342,757 

153,055 
80,792 
57,501 

101,783 
50,046 
17,409 
(x) 

25,051 
18,362 
67,838 
(x) 
£x) 



8,688 

6,708 

1,980 

323 

4,566 



17,448 



4,344 
149 
5,966 
2,087 
927 
504 
377 
632 
321 
113 
599 
148 
122 
401 
159 
599 



1,341,241 

1,041,815 

299,426 

47,824 

705,408 

53,299 

2,894,845 



252 
189 
63 
10 



37.458 I 16,589 



728,415 
24,672 
1,033,153 
336,730 
150,862 
79, 330 
56,286 
96,130 
49,347 
16,857 
96, 326 
23,724 
18,539 
65,276 
25,168 
94,030 



36,103 

27,310 

8,793 

1,355 

22,018 

(x) 

(x) 



219 

40 

14 

10 

8 

38 

5 

3 

17 

8 

3 

17 



16,034 

37,082 
6,027 
2,193 
1,462 
1,215 
5,653 
699 
552 
(x) 
1,327 
323 
2,562 
(x) 
(x) 



14,765 

11,318 

3,447 

1,824 

9,455 



24,181 



426,076 
306,747 
604,035 
371,637 

1.168.009 



5,450 

3,120 

4,279 

865 

29,490 

22,116 



416,670 
227, 595 
304,816 
61,446 

1,996,533 



5,288 
4,136 
8,237 
4,455 

15.951 



4,553 

170 

4,775 

3,383 

1,087 

1,080 

1,497 

1,418 

855 

582 

827 

214 

308 

611 

520 

2,301 



1,«2,373 
799,766 
242,607 
125,636 

659,344 

64,412 

1,704,823 



14,188 
10,867 
3,321 
1,763 

8,966 



23,129 



392,301 
291,896 
581,035 
335,115 

1.124.743 



327.355 
12,277 

348,941 

235,640 
76, 877 
74,403 

101,745 
97,796 
58,488 
39,110 
58, U8 
15, 571 
21,721 
42,445 
36, 957 

157,379 



4,389 

166 

4,483 

3,255 

1,046 

1,045 

1,468 

1,343 

823 

549 

801 

202 

302 

575 

494 

2,188 



1,003,037 
769,198 
233,839 
121,706 

626,202 

62,141 

1,632,553 



315,714 
12,016 

328,277 

227,250 
74,074 
72,199 
99,848 
92,574 
56,412 
36,873 
56,375 
14,754 
21,338 
39,951 
35,071 

149:827 



5,247 



747 

3,411 

436 

112 

80 
127 
158 

63 
113 

2.298 



1,425 

873 



2 

292 
161 



294 

142 

330 

18 

57 

233 

24 

22 

59 



405 
103 

59 
367 

46 



801 

796 

191 

89 



1,528 



471 
221 
332 
504 



577 
451 
126 
61 



1,052 
l5f 



292 

128 

41 

35 

29 

75 

32 

33 

26 

12 

6 

36 

26 

113 



1,213,682 



361,502 



50,719 
236,841 

30,010 
7,591 
5,473 
8,917 

10,379 
4,305 
7,267 

151,528 



95.310 
56,218 



8,656 



31,135 

-ra — 

(x) 
10,930 

81.474 



20,207 
9,901 

23,002 
1,268 
3,774 

16,179 
1,695 
1,497 
3,951 

67,776 



27,960 
7,069 
4,015 

25, 528 
3,204 

134.310 



56,645 
57,020 
12,910 
6,235 

U7,504 

108,148 



33,775 
14,851 
23,000 
36,522 

43,266 



39,336 

30,568 
3,768 
3,930 

33,1A2 

2,271 



72 ,270 

11,641 

26i 

20,664 

8,390 

2,803 

2,204 

1,897 

5,222 

2,076 

2,237 

1,743 

817 

383 

2,494 

1,886 

7,552 



See footnote at end of table. 



SALES SIZE 



2.05 



Tabic 2A.— SALES SIZE— UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS, BY FULL- AND PART- YEAR OPERATION: 1948— Continued 

Stores and Sales 



Rind of business 



United Slate*. toUl . 



Food &roup 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat . 
Grocery stores, with fresh meat , . . . 

Meat markets, 6sb markets 

Fruit stores, vegetable markets 

Candy, nut, confecuonery stores . . . 
Dairy products stores, miiJt dealer«. . 

Bakery products stocca 

Egg. poultry dealers 

All other food stores 



Eatlnt and drinking place*. 

Eating places 

Drinking places 



General store*. 



General merchandise group 

Department stores 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores . 
Variety stores 



Apparel group 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores . 

Family clothmg stores 

Women's ready-to-wear stares 

MilUnery stores 

Other apparel accessory, specialty stores . 

Shoe stores 

Custom tailors 

Fumers, fur shops 

All other apparel stores 



Furniture, furnishings, appliance group. 

Furniture stores 

Floor covcnng. drapery stoles 

Other home himishing stores 

Household appliance stores 

Radio stores 



Automotive group 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers . 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire, battery, accessary dealers 

All other automotive dealers 



Gasoline service stations . 



Lumber, building, hardware group. 

Lumber yards, building materials dealers . 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers 



Drug and proprietary store* . 

Drug stores 

Drug stores, with fountain .... 

Drug stores, other 

Proprietary stores 



Liquor stores 

Second-hand stores. 



Other retail store* 

Fuel, fuel oil dealers 

Ice dealers 

Feed, farm, garden supply states 

Jewelry stores 

Book, stanonery stores 

Sporting goods stores, bicycle stores 

ITonsts 

Cigar stores and stands 

News dealers, newsstands 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores 

Music stores 

Luggage, leather goods stores 

Opacal goods stores 

Camera, photographic supply stores 

Office, store machine ana equipment dealers. 
All other retail stores 



Stares with annual sales of— 



$30,000 to $49,9<)9 



Total 



Stores 
(>tu>iibcT) 



296,899 



8.4,207 



18,489 
45,03i 
6,090 
2,030 
3,107 
2,060 
4,097 
980 
■2,320 

60,599 



27,726 
32,873 



3,989 
7,757 



4,563 
3,194 



19,321 



4,349 
2,235 
5,091 

636 
1,184 
3,596 
• 471 

428 
1,331 

12.751 



,320 

1,303 

1,101 

5,108 

919 

8.474 



2,054 

2,098 

3,591 

731 

40,898 

14,829 



2,338 
3,831 
6,917 
1,743 

12,586 



10,569 
7,578 
2,991 
2,017 

7,577 



22,642 



2,954 

226 

2,742 

3,489 

1,049 

1,258 

2,083 

1,845 

1,092 

967 

854 

209 

322 

537 

455 

g.560 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Tfiousdnd 
dollars) 



11,491,605 



3,261,706 



706,874 
1,757,886 
237,807 

77,322 
117,085 

79,494 
157,865 

37,741 

89,632 

2,314,115 



1,061,626 
1,252,489 



153,836 
301,097 



177,149 
123,948 



755,270 



170,501 
87,943 

198,485 
24,340 
45,974 

141,572 
18,132 
16,937 
51,386 

496, 547 



168,793 
50,706 
42,133 

199,435 
35,480 

334,399 



82,748 
82,709 
140,306 
28,636 

1,578,458 

582,101 



93,264 
149,574 
269,664 

69,599 

494,244 



416,459 
300,530 
115,929 
77,785 

297,287 



874,076 

115,861 

8,605 

107,794 

134,726 

40,376 

48,172 

79,864 

70,277 

41,959 

36,272 

32,516 

8,256 

12,467 

20,613 

17,629 

98,689 



Stores operated 
entire year 



Number 



77,218 



17,200 
40,942 
5,583 
1,874 
2,934 
1,920 
3,777 
876 
2,112 

55,646 



24,869 
30,777 



3,793 
7,250 



4,263 
2,987 



17,923 



4,003 

2,074 

4,698 

604 

1,112 

3,330 

455 

416 

1,231 

11,632 



3,923 
1,150 
1,040 
4,681 
838 

7,129 



1,648 

1,519 

3,318 

644 

37,337 

13,569 



2,032 
3,562 
6,507 
1,468 

11,882 



9,990 
7,135 
2,855 
1,892 

6,866 

1,215 

21,349 



2, 

221 

2,447 

3,362 

994 

1,178 

2,032 

1,712 

1,046 

928 

791 

204 

300 

496 

424 

2,406 



Sales, 
entire year 

{Thousand 
dollars) 



10,572,689 



2,993,982 



657,957 

1,600,770 

218,077 

71,332 
110,630 

74,107 
145,689 

33,748 

81,672 

2,127,291 



953,399 
1,173,892 



146,401 
281,703 



165,629 
116,074 



701,656 



157,141 
81,835 

183,527 
23,137 
43,232 

131,234 
17,465 
16,489 
47,596 

453,628 



153,576 
44,944 
39,826 

183,007 
32,275 

282,173 



66,687 
60,313 
129,897 
25,276 

1,443,611 

533,769 



81,528 
139, 162 
254,041 

59,038 

466,950 



393,837 

283,198 

110,639 

73,113 

270,078 

46,489 

824,958 



110,393 

8,409 

96,333 

129,842 
38,287 
45,171 
77,950 
65,326 
40,230 
34,320 
30,177 
8,080 
11,634 
19,125 
16,411 
92,770 



Stores not operated 
entire year 



6,989 



,289 
4,092 
507 
156 
173 
140 
320 
104 
208 

4,953 



2,857 
2,096 



300 
207 



346 
161 
393 
32 
72 
266 
16 
12 
100 



397 
153 

61 
427 

81 



406 

579 

273 

87 



1,260 



306 
269 
410 
275 



579 
443 
136 
125 



1,293 



146 
5 

295 

127 
55 
80 
51 

133 
46 
39 
63 
5 
22 
41 
31 

154 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



267,724 



48,917 
157,116 

19,730 
5,990 
6,455 
5,387 

12,176 
3,993 
7,960 

186,824 



108,227 
78, 597 



7,435 
19,394 



11,520 
7,874 



53,614 



13,360 
6,108 
14,958 
1,203 
2,742 
10,338 
667 
448 
3,790 

42,919 



15,217 
5,762 
2,307 

16,428 
3,205 

52,226 



16,061 

22,396 

10,409 

3,360 

134,847 

46,332 



11,736 
10,412 
15,623 
10,561 

27,294 



22,622 

17,332 

5,290 

4,672 

27,209 

1,980 

49,118 



5,468 
196 
11,461 
4,884 
2,089 
3,001 
1,914 
4,951 
1,729 
1,452 
2,339 
176 
833 
1,488 
1,218 
5,919 



$20,000 (o $29,<»9 



Total 



Stores 
(Number) 



225,378 



63,092 



18,247 
28,144 
3,654 
1,919 
3,956 
1,431 
3,421 
703 
1,617 

56,863 



26,376 
30,487 



3,009 
5,375 



3,186 
2,189 



12,977 



2,584 

1,286 

3,446 

773 

935 

2,110 

456 

302 

1,085 

9,019 



2,517 

972 

1,129 

3,508 

893 

5,016 



737 
1,264 
2,513 

502 

30,244 
8,917 



1,061 

2,663 

4,437 

756 

6,739 



5,239 
3,301 
1,938 
1,500 

4,147 

1,279 

18,701 



1,716 

230 

1,545 

2,874 

779 

1,148 

2,072 

1,904 

930 

1,147 

766 

170 

263 

378 

354 

2.425 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



24,653 



1,544,730 



443,138 
694,303 
89,458 
46, 194 
95,933 
35, 170 
83,978 
17,084 
39,472 

1,391,789 



643,133 
74S,656 



131,538 



77,701 
53,837 



318,199 



63,612 
31,504 
84,557 
18,738 
22,938 
51,857 
11,131 
7,439 
26,423 

221,050 



61,766 
23,815 
27,325 
86,320 
21,824 

123,662 



18,473 
31, 149 
61,751 
12,309 

742,989 

219, 573 



26,435 
65,322 
109,100 
18,716 

166,725 



129,799 
82,054 
47,745 
36,926 

102,868 

31,115 

456,663 



42,440 

5,527 

37,955 

70,404 

18,941 

28,014 

50,345 

46,256 

22,657 

27,828 

18,671 

4,149 

6,455 

9,274 

8,610 

59,137 



Stores operated 
entire year 



56, 103 



16,668 
24,436 
3,258 
1,745 
3,662 
1,290 
3,019 
628 
1,397 

50,329 



22,691 
27,638 



2,806 



2,897 
1,991 



11, 576 



2,260 

1,164 

3,044 

726 

850 

1,853 

432 

282 

965 

7,991 



2,171 

829 

1,048 

3,123 

820 

4,100 



546 

897 

2,229 

428 

26,326 

7,871 



344 
2,391 
4,040 

596 

6,099 



4,751 
2,958 
1,793 
1,348 

3,526 



17,265 

1,600 

216 

1,327 

2,704 

724 

1,056 

1,976 

1,743 

878 

1,078 

693 

153 

244 

332 

318 

2,223 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



4,909,307 



1,374,762 



404,887 
603,845 
79,795 
41,991 
88, 872 
31,758 
74,204 
15,287 
34,143 

1,233,912 



554,068 
679,844 



70,675 
48,991 



284,158 



55,685 
28,517 
74,874 
17,625 
20,670 
45,610 
10, 527 
6,953 
23,497 

196,077 



53,361 
20, 327 
25,395 
76,963 

20,031 

101.333 



13,712 
22, 195 
54,668 
10, 538 

647,671 

194,157 



21,099 
53,744 
99,458 
14,856 

151,045 



117,818 
73,673 
44,145 
33,227 

87,634 

23,478 

421,600 



39,640 

5,185 

32,619 

66,186 

17, 590 

25,767 

48,040 

42,369 

21,353 

26,183 

16,932 

3,752 

6,009 

8,160 

7,692 

54,098 



Stores not operated 
entire year 



6,989 



1,579 
3,708 
396 
174 
294 
141 
402 
75 
220 



3,685 
2,849 



203 
467 



269 
198 



324 
122 
402 
47 
85 
257 
24 
20 
120 



346 
143 
81 
385 

73 



191 
367 
284 
74 

3,918 

1,046 



217 
272 
397 
160 



488 
343 

145 
152 



1,436 



116 
14 

218 

170 
55 
92 
96 

161 
52 
69 
73 
17 
19 
46 
36 

202 



(Thousand 
doltars) 



615,346 



169.948 



38,251 
90,458 
9,663 
4,203 
7,061 
3,412 
9,774 
1,797 
5,329 

157,677 



89,065 
63,612 



4,938 
11,872 



7,026 
4,846 



34,041 



7,927 
2,967 
9,663 
1,113 
2,066 
6,247 
604 
485 
2,926 

24,973 



8,405 
3,488 
1,930 
9,357 

1,793 

22.349 



4,761 
8,954 
6,663 
1,771 

95,318 

25,416 



5,336 
6,578 
9,642 
3,860 

15,680 



11,981 
8,361 
3,600 
3,699 

15,234 

2,637 



35,063 
2,800 

342 
5,336 
4,216 
1,351 
2,227 
2,305 
3,887 
1,299 
1,645 
1,739 

397 

4.46 
1,114 

918 
5,039 



2.06 



RETAIL TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2A.— SALES SIZE- 



- UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS, BY FULL- AND PART- YEAR OPERATION: 1948— Continued 

Stores and Sales 



Kind of business 



Stores with annual sales of — 



$10,000 to $19,999 



Total 



(\umbCT) 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Stores operated 
entire year 



Sales, 
entire year 

{Thousand 
dollars) 



Stores not operated 
entire year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



$5,000 to $9,999 



To&l 



Stores 



(^fumber) 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Tliousiind 
dollars) 



Stores operated 
entire year 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Stores not opcxated 
entire year 



Number 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



United States, total 

Food ^oup 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat 

Grocery stores, with fresh meat 

Meat markets, fish markets 

Frujt stores, vegetable markets 

Candy, nut, confectionery stores 

Dairy products stores, milk dealers 

Bakery products stores 

Egg, poultry dealers 

All other food stores 

Eating and drinking places 

Eating places 

Dhnking places 

General stores 

General merchandise group 

Department stores 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores 

Variety stores 

Apparel group 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores 

Family clothing stores 

Women's ready-to-wear stores 

MilUncry stores 

Other apparel accessory, specialty stores .... 

Shoe stores 

Custom tailors 

Fumers, fur shops 

All other apparel stores 

Furniture, furnishings, appliance group 

Furniture stores 

Floor covering, drapery stores 

Other home njmishing stores 

Household appliance stores 

Radio stores 

Automotive group 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

All other automotive dealers 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber, building, hardware group 

Lumber yards, building materials dealers 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers 

Drug and proprietary stores 

Drug stores 

Drug stores, with fountain 

Drug stores, other 

Proprietary stores 

Liquor stores 

Second-hand stores 

Other retail stores 

Fuel, fuel oil dealers 

Ice dealers 

Feed, farm, garden supply stores 

Jewelry stores 

Book, stationery stores 

Sporting goods stores, bicycle stores 

Florists 

Cigar stores and stands 

News dealers, newsstands 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores 

Music stores 

Luggage, leather goods stores 

Optical goods stores 

Camera, photographic supply stores 

Office, store machine ana equipment dealers . 
All other retail stores 



293,880 



82,624 



31,303 
28,382 
3,668 
3,134 
7,575 
1,422 
4,316 
855 
1,969 

78,758 



41,538 
37,220 



4,347 
2,704 



16,262 



2,692 
1,392 
4,084 
1,517 
1,342 
2,380 
949 
333 
1,573 

11,696 



2,813 
1,267 
2,049 
4,109 
1,458 

5,779 



579 
1,420 
3,096 

684 

36,907 
9,867 



1,082 

3,235 

4,815 

735 

5,739 



4,095 
2,296 
1,799 
1,644 

3,709 

2,844 

28,804 



1.' 

560 

1,735 

4,287 

1,093 

1,787 

3,419 

3,291 

1,483 

2,530 

1,133 

203 

401 

482 

462 

4,069 



4,301,457 



245,952 



3,616,969 



47,928 



684,488 



173,244 



1,273,042 



41,858 



1,204,963 



449,261 
422,810 
53,596 
44,939 
108,434 
21,050 
63,764 
12,286 
28,823 

1,153,324 



69,735 



1,020,670 



602,139 
551,135 



56,140 
103,570 



27,681 
22,502 
3,093 
2,756 
6,711 
1,149 
3,562 
719 
1,562 

64,601 



63,527 
40,043 



237,626 



40,055 
20,360 
59,911 
21,853 
19,221 
35,098 
13,387 
4,954 
22,787 

170,638 



41,495 
18,426 
29,112 
60,577 
21,028 

84,616 



8,927 

20,454 

45,238 

9,997 

546,513 



144,961 
15,969 
47,516 
70,616 
10,860 



86,449 



61,968 
35,031 
26,937 
24,481 

55,875 

39,812 

416,970 



27,563 

7,781 

25,370 

62,799 

15,862 

25,855 

49,184 

47,658 

21,322 

35,589 

16,578 

2,950 

5,834 

7,194 

6,770 

58,661 



33,132 
31,469 



3,519 
6,106 



3,852 
2,254 



13,811 



2,180 
1,187 
3,341 
1,4^3 
1,185 
1,997 
904 
305 
1,269 

10,004 



2,294 
990 
1,865 
3,557 
1,298 

4,507 



367 

941 

2,651 

548 

29,450 

8,190 



816 

2,738 

4,121 

515 

4,862 



3,500 
1,889 
1,611 
1,362 

2,833 

2,575 

25,759 



1,679 

535 

1,413 

3,903 

980 

1,588 

3,152 

2,951 

1,X6 

2,309 

964 

184 

358 

405 

385 

3,607 



398,213 
337,885 
45,213 
39,534 
96,448 
17,091 
52,969 
10,371 
22,946 

952,171 



12,889 



483,632 
468,539 



89,832 



3,622 

5,880 
575 
378 
864 
273 
754 
136 
407 

14,157 



184,293 



51,296 



8,406 
5,751 



56,343 
33,489 



202,749 



32,689 
17,422 
49,374 
20,806 
17,060 
29,630 
12,747 
4,523 
18,498 

146,438 



34,084 
14,510 
26,510 
52,549 
18,785 

66,197 



5,702 
13,636 
38,823 

8,036 

439,217 
120,917 



12,180 
40,365 
60,738 
7,634 

73,832 



53,327 
29,120 
24,207 

20,505 

43,134 
36,141 

374,130 



24,745 

7,447 

20,786 

57,386 

14,327 

23,013 

45,586 

42,818 

19,384 

32,588 

U,216 

2,650 

5,209 

6,076 

5,633 

52,266 



495 
450 



2,451 



512 
205 
743 
74 
157 
383 
45 
28 
304 

1,692 



519 
277 
184 
552 

160 



212 

479 
445 
136 



266 
497 
694 

220 

877 



595 
407 
188 
282 



3,045 



190 

25 

322 

384 

113 

199 

267 

340 

137 

221 

169 

19 

43 

77 

77 

462 



51,048 

84,925 
8,383 
5,405 

11,986 
3,959 

10,795 
1,915 
5,877 

201,153 



118,507 
82,646 



13,738 



7,184 
6,554 

34,877 



7,366 

2,938 

10,537 

1,047 

2,161 

5,468 

640 

431 

4,289 

24,200 



7,411 
3,916 
2,602 
8,028 
2,243 

18,419 



3,225 
6,818 
6,415 
1,961 

107,296 

24,044 



3^789 
7,151 
9,878 
3,226 

12,617 



8,641 
5,911 
2,730 
3,976 

12,741 

3,671 

42,840 



2,8ia 
334 
4,584 
5,413 
1,535 
2,842 
3,598 
4,840 
1,938 
3,001 
2,362 
300 
625 
1,118 
1,137 
6,395 



24,406 
12,802 
1,800 
2,453 
5,551 
707 
2,001 
521 
1,055 

44,591 



373,923 



27,574 
17,017 



4,074 



176,298 
94,984 
13,211 
17,550 
40,170 
5,290 
14,860 
3,769 
7,791 

329,941 



40,215 



294,180 



2,597 
1,477 



9,592 



1,215 

687 

2,302 

1,1U 

926 

1,140 

1,014 

145 

1,049 

7,221 



1,447 
712 
1,854 
2,115 
1,093 

3,163 



219 

785 

1,762 

397 

19,674 

4,93'7 



548 
1,812 
2,224 

353 

2,020 



1,273 
641 
632 
747 

1,420 

3,166 

19,897 



916 

618 

898 

2,611 

723 

1,284 

2,411 

2,297 

946 

2,427 

787 

99 

249 

277 

237 

3,117 



202,677 
127,264 



29,954 



20,539 

8,722 

1,X9 

2,041 

4,578 

484 

1,376 

389 

737 

31,525 



19,120 
10,834 



70,594 



9,029 
5,122 
17,136 
8,208 
6,676 
8,440 
7,216 
1,050 
7,717 

53,194 



10,723 
5,237 
13,454 
15,739 
7,991 

23,367 



1,691 
5,764 
13,007 
2,905 

145,724 

36,521 



4,106 
13,333 
16,507 

2,575 

15,296 



9,685 
4,832 
4,853 
5,611 

10,615 

22,433 

145,388 



6,69^ 
4,475 
6,571 

19,395 
5,261 
9,365 

17,515 

16,858 
6,997 

17,424 
5,826 
747 
1,834 
2,051 
1,769 

22.601 



19,148 
12,377 



3,222 



2,151 
1,071 

7,4^5 



870 
527 
1,700 
1,020 
749 
851 
947 
127 
694 

5,713 



1,046 

484 

1,611 

1,648 

924 

2,298 



108 

474 

1,420 

296 

13,681 

3,683 



366 
1,362 
1,722 

233 

1,500 



928 
406 
522 
572 



16,537 



791 

581 

651 

2,183 

591 

1,022 

2,018 

1,957 

814 

2,052 

613 

81 

209 

197 

181 

2.596 



148,806 
65,271 

9,896 
14,662 
33,258 

3,622 
10,383 

2,810 

5,472 

235,602 



11,081 



142,053 
93,549 



14,061 
23,831 



15,898 
7,933 



55,400 



6,523 
3,972 
12,757 
7,557 
5,437 
6,318 
6,758 
922 
5,156 

42,343 



7,783 
3,630 
11,762 
12,370 
6,798 

17,084 



T3T 

3,502 

10,529 

2,166 

102,046 

27,395 



2,792 
10,092 
12,812 

1,699 

11.478 



7,130 
3,107 
4,023 
4,34S 

5,966 

20,081 

121,441 



5,803 
4,208 
4,755 

16,416 
4,306 
7,471 

14,717 

14,440 
6,028 

14,816 
4,577 
613 
1,559 
1,462 
1,354 

18.?1S 



3,867 
4,080 
451 
412 
973 
223 
625 
132 
318 

13,066 



8,426 
4,640 



282 
852 



446 
406 



345 

160 
602 
94 
177 
289 
67 
18 
355 



401 
228 
243 
467 
169 



111 
311 
342 
101 



182 
450 
502 

120 



345 
235 
UO 
175 



3,360 



125 

37 

247 

428 

132 

262 

393 

340 

132 

375 

174 

18 

40 

80 

56 

_S2X 



302,134 



79,743 



27,492 
29,713 
3,315 
2,888 
6,912 
1,668 
4,477 
959 
2,319 

94,339 



60,624 
33,715 



3,222 
2,901 



15.194 



2,506 

1,150 

4,379 

651 

1,239 

2,122 

458 

128 

2,561 

10,851 



2,940 
1,657 
1,692 
3,369 
1,193 

6,283 



^04 

2,262 

2,478 

739 

43,678 

9.126 



1,314 
3,241 
3,695 

876 

3.818 



2,555 

1,725 

830 

1,263 

4,649 

2,352 

_23447 



267 

1,816 

2,979 

955 

1,894 

2,798 

2,418 

969 

2,608 

1,249 

134 

275 

589 

415 

3-685 



SALES SIZE 



2.07 



Tabic 2A.— SALES SIZE— UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS, BY FULL- AND PART- YEAR OPERATION: 1948— Continued 



Stores and Salu 



Kind of busine&s 



United State*, total . 



Food group 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat . 
Grocery stores, wnth fresh meat . . . . 

Meat markets, fish markets 

FrMit stores, vegetable markets 

Candy, nut, confectionery stores . . . 
Dairy products stores, milk dealers . . 

Bakery products stores 

Ebb, poultry dealers 

AU other ftiod stores 



Stores with annual sales of — 



$2,000 to $4,999 



Stores 



(JHuniber) 



Eating and drinking places. 

Eating places 

Dnnking places 



General stores. 



General merchandise group 

Department stores 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores . 
Variety stores 



Apparel group 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores . 

Farmly clothing stores 

Women's ready-to-wear stores 

Milhnery stores 

Other apparel accessory, specialty stores . 

Shoe stores 

Custom tailors 

Fumcrs. fur shops 

All other apparel stores 



Furniture, furnishings, appliance group 

Furniture stores 

Floor covennc. drapery stores 

Other home rumishmg stores 

Household appliance stores 

Radio stores 



Automotive group 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers. 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

All other automotive dealers 



Gasoline service stations 

Lumber, building, hardware group. 

Lumber yards, building materials dealers. 

Plombmg. paint, electrical stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers 



Drug and proprietary stores. 

Drug stores 

Drug stores, with fountain .... 

Drug stores, other 

Proprietary stores 



Liquor stores . 



Second-hand stores. 



Other retail stores 

Fuel, fuel oil dealers 

Ice dealers 

Feed, farm, garden supply stores 

Jewelry stores 

Book, stationery stores 

Sporting goods stores, bicyde stores 

Flonsts 

Cigar stores and stands 

News dealers, newsstands 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores 

Music stores 

Luggage, leather goods stores 

Optical goods stores 

Camera, photographic supply stares 

0£ce, store machine ana equipment dealers. 
All other retail stores 



41,325 



21,902 
8,195 
1,277 
2,139 

412 

1,202 
455 
759 

30,745 



20,912 
9,833 



1,388 
2,712 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thtmsdnd 
dollars) 



1,797 
915 



6,450 



631 
383 
1,460 
860 
735 
651 
868 
67 
795 

5,305 



920 

426 

1,904 

1,265 

790 



1,804 

56- 

493 
933 
292 

13,270 

2.947 



317 
1,163 
1,246 

221 

1.&49 



570 
289 
281 
479 



3,698 



14,679 



769 
606 
650 I 

1,299 1 
544 
840 

1,686 

1,687 
693 

2,299 
593 
80 
137 
163 
97 

2,536 



423,995 



136,924 



72,078 
27,839 
4,244 
6,887 
16,307 
1,436 
4,103 
1,485 
2,545 

104,282 



70,490 
33,792 



5,986 
3,118 



21,896 
2,158 
1,304 
4,908 
2,980 
2,447 
2,237 
2,921 
239 
2,702 

17,899 



Stores operated 
entire year 



87,063 



30,522 



17,366 

5,063 

872 

1,710 

3,746 

238 

684 

338 

505 

18,763 



12,527 
6,236 

1,125 

1,959 



Sales. 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



294,534 



101,645 



57,447 
17,446 
2,928 
5,527 
12,297 
850 
2,378 
1,082 
1,690 

64,210 



1,367 
592 



4,434 



3,161 
1,480 
6,122 
4,411 
2,725 

6,288 



406 
252 
860 
727 
525 
406 
786 
52 
420 

3,852 



316 
1,720 
3,268 

984 

44,978 
10,030 



1,102 
3,938 
4,266 

724 

3,665 



588 
250 
1,563 
875 
576 

1,173 



43 
265 
678 
187 

8,214 



42,534 
21,676 



3,770 
6,628 



Stores not operated 
entire year 



10,803 



4,536 
3,132 
405 
429 
1,238 
174 
518 
117 
254 

11,982 



4,579 
2,049 



15,274 



1,420 
860 
2,981 
2,528 
1,768 
1,408 
2,656 
183 
1,470 

13,157 



2,053 
888 
5,077 
3,128 
2,011 

4,152 



167 

937 

2,395 

653 

28,042 

6,712 



8,385 
3,597 



430 
323 



2,016 



225 
131 
600 
133 
210 
245 
32 
15 
375 

1,453 



Sales 

{Thousand 
dolldrs) 



35,279 



14,631 

10,393 

1,316 

1,360 

4,010 

586 

1,725 

403 

855 

40,072 



Less than $2,000 



Total 



Stores 



(>tumbfT) 



92,949 



33,716 



27,956 
12,116 



1,407 
1,069 



6,622 



332 
176 
341 
390 
214 



195 
791 
837 
136 



1,971 
992 
979 

1,694 

2,805 



49,329 



2,520 

1,998 

2,210 

4,596 

1,784 

2,905 

5,684 

5,580 

2,322 

7,615 

1,979 

260 

455 

568 

343 

8,510 



329 
131 
198 
291 



3,102 

10,943 



638 

553 

452 

873 

409 

606 

1,203 

1,298 

552 

1,717 

405 

61 

94 

91 

73 

1,918 



672 
2,698 
2,892 

450 

2.2U 



1,153 
454 
699 

1,061 

1,383 
10,233 
37,114 



43 
228 
255 

105 

5,056 
988 



122 

372 

409 

85 



241 
158 
83 
188 

422 

596 



2,077 

1,832 

1,544 

3,159 

1,364 j 

2,107 

4,123 

4,301 

1,851 

5,771 

1,364 

202 

324 

321 

259 
6,515 



131 
53 
19S 
426 
135 
234 
483 
389 
Ul 
582 
188 
19 
43 
72 
24 
618 



738 
444 

1,927 
452 
679 
829 
265 
56 

1,232 

4.742 



1,108 

592 

1,045 

1,283 

714 

2,136 



149 
783 
873 
331 



3,318 



19,226 

4,124 

951 

1,998 

5,453 

248 

749 

459 

510 

23,744 



17,849 
5,895 



731 
1,759 



3,559 



299 
206 
808 
431 
589 
285 
427 
31 
483 

3.657 



442 
231 
2,001 
600 
383 

846 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



104,540 



38,223 

21,883 

4,968 

1,062 

2,267 

5,814 

289 

859 

536 

545 



26,091 
19,243 
6,848 

912 

1,982 



Stores operated 
entire year 



1,300 
682 



4,099 



359 
243 
897 
539 
634 
336 
545 
36 
510 

4,032 



430 
1,240 
1,374 

274 

1.451 



813 
538 
280 
633 

1,422 

1,896 

12.215 



443 
166 
666 

1,437 
420 
798 

1,561 

1,279 
471 

1,844 

615 

58 

131 

247 

84 

1,995 



30 
218 
414 
184 

7,869 

1.452 



506 
245 
2,112 
726 
443 

1,007 



163 
668 
S31 
90 

484 



213 

81 

132 

271 



3,373 
11.322 



704 

599 

373 

636 

395 

569 

1,165 

1,237 

453 

2,430 

386 

36 

76 

86 

38 

2,139 



35 
265 
495 
212 



132 
766 
630 
102 



266 
100 
166 
340 



3,732 



12.325 



758 

684 

426 

771 

432 

623 

1,315 

1,439 

549 

2,384 

419 

43 

82 

92 

49 

2,254 



50,945 



20,724 



12,590 

1,886 

540 

1,407 

3,269 

107 

322 

338 

265 

11,155 



8,327 
2,828 



703 
297 



1.856 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Tfiousuiid 
dollars) 



153 
96 
335 
318 
310 
148 
327 
20 
149 

2.053 



169 

96 

1,269 

312 

187 

384 



10 

92 

202 

80 

3,755 



715 
73 
325 
273 
44 



109 
30 
79 

164 

142 
2,233 
6,138 



X Witliheld to avoid disclosure. 



486 
449 
203 
272 
224 
267 
603 
733 
239 
1,150 
182 
21 
31 
33 
15 
1,180 



66,200 



26,723 



16,169 

2,615 

695 

1,754 

4,122 

158 

441 

434 

335 

14,427 



Stores not operated 
entire year 



12.994 



10,625 
3,802 



912 
395 



206 
126 
428 
432 
397 
195 
454 
26 
199 



2.6U 
256 
118 

1,571 
413 
248 

527 



17 
128 
275 
107 

5,102 

937 



94 
425 
360 

58 



6,636 
2,238 
411 
591 
2,184 
141 
427 
121 
245 

12.589 



9,522 
3,067 



Sales 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



448 

311 



1.703 



146 
lie 
473 
113 
279 
137 
100 
11 
334 

1,604 



253 
135 
732 
288 
196 



20 
126 
212 
104 

4,11A 

737 



154 
43 
Ul 
228 



2,810 
8.022 



611 
578 
261 
402 
284 
356 
790 
983 
396 
1,474 
243 
27 
42 
45 
22 
1,508 



90 
343 
258 

46 



104 
51 
53 

107 

293 

1,140 
5.184 I 



218 
150 
170 
364 
171 
302 
562 
504 
164 
1,280 
204 
15 
45 
53 
23 
959 



36,340 



U.500 



5,714 
2,353 
367 
5U 
1,692 
131 
418 
102 
210 

11.664 



8,618 
3,046 



368 
267 



1,632 



153 
115 
469 

107 
237 
141 
91 



1.421 



250 
127 
541 
308 
195 



13 
137 
220 
105 



341 
270 
44 



112 
57 
55 

112 



4.303 



W7 
106 
165 
369 
148 
272 
525 
456 
153 
910 
176 
16 
40 
47 
27 
746 



2.08 



RETAIL TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948 

Stores, Sales, Pay Roll, and Peksonnel 



All stores 



Kind of business 



Sales, entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Pay roll, 
entire year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Unincorporated 

businesses 



Active pro- 
prietors, 
November 

(J^umber) 



Unpaid 

family 

workers, 

November 

(Humbcr) 



F^d employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov, 15 



Total 
(Number) 



FuU 
workwedc 

(Number) 



Stores operated entire year 



Total 



Number 



Sales, entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dolUri) 



Pay roll, 
entire year 



(Thousand 
dolldTi) 



Unincorporated 
businesses 



Active pro- 
prietors, 
November 

(Number) 



Unpaid 

family 

workers, 

November 

(Numb er) 



I^d employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



(Number) 



Full 
workweek 



United States, total 

Food group 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat 

Grocery stores, with fresh meat 

Meat markets, fish markets 

Fruit stores, vegetable markets 

Candy, nut. confectionery stores 

Dairy products stores, milk dealers 

Bakery products stores 

Egg. poultry dealers 

/3j other food stores 

Eating and drinking places 

Eating places 

Drinking places 

General stores 

General merchandise group 

Department stores 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores 

Variety stores 

Apparel group 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores 

Family clothing stores 

Women's ready-to-wear stores 

Millinery stores 

Other apparel accessory, specialty stores .... 

Shoe stores 

Custom tailors 

Fumers. fur shops 

All other apparel stores 

Furniture, furnishings, appliance group 

Furniture stores 

Floor covenng, drapery stores 

Other home iumishing stores 

Household appliance stores 

Radio stores 

Automotive group 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

All other automotive dealers 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber, building, hardware group 

Lumberyards, building materials dealers 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers 

Drug and proprietary stores 

Drug stores 

Proprietary stores 

Liquor stores 

Second-hand stores 

Other retail stores 

Fuel, fuel oil dealers 

Ice dealers 

Feed, farm, garden supply stores 

Jewelry stores 

Book, stationery stores 

Sporting goods stores, bicycle stores 

Florists 

Cigar stores and stands 

News dealers, newsstands 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores 

Music stores 

Luggage, leather goods stores 

Optical goods stores 

Camera, photographic supply stores 

Office, store machine and equipment dealers . 
All other retail stores 



1^67,997 



1,742,046 



930,546 



6,918,061 



5,608,398 



1,520,42 9 123,362,919 



D,009,739 1,484,861 



787,034 



504,439 



30,965,674 



154,277 
223,662 
29,465 
15,763 
32,876 
11,727 
20,152 
5,582 
10,935 

346,556 



194,153 
152,433 



4,026,835 
20,743,288 

1,775,569 
398,968 
649,347 

1,886,962 
725,021 
256,664 
503,020 

10,683,324 



1,943,967 



145,388 

,112,827 

98,154 

24,249 

56,686 

301,206 

140,719 

11,460 

53,278 



509.721 



6; 468; 223 
4,215,101 



1,342,490 
598,417 



152,086 
228.406 
31,895 
17,380 
31,276 
10,167 
20.906 
5,910 
11,695 

372,044 



363,243 



1,005,897 



753,503 



434,172 



29,027,531 



121,387 
167,694 
12,225 
10,564 
21,262 
5,715 
13,381 
3,751 
7,254 



89,043 
597,213 
45,550 
14,893 
43,745 
102,740 
82,509 
7,683 
22,521 



2,580 
29,754 
20,210 

115,246 



10,644,747 
2,823,869 
2,506,741 



1.660,702 
281,578 
361,926 



207,467 
164,577 



21,952 
39,932 



218.944 1J37,1B6 



131,446 
87,498 



23,730 
12,533 
30,677 
5,725 
7,756 
19,551 
4.963 
2,350 
7,961 

85,585 



9,803.218 1,178.820 



29,031 
7,746 
11,877 
29,700 
7,231 

86,162 



43; 999 
16,874 
20,628 
4,661 

188,253 

98,938 



26,110 
20,539 
34,674 
17,615 

55,796 



46,955 
8,841 



16,969 
164,073 



19,478 
3,192 

21,558 

21 ,269 
6.938 
8,597 

14,749 

14,526 
6,801 

12,516 
6,120 
1,188 
1,897 
3,030 
2,347 

19,867 



2,165 

1,791 

3,305 

108 

328 

1,467 

142 

219 

274' 



6,914,179 



3,427,168 
500,356 
443,296 

2,159,302 
334,057 

20,104,054 



15,952;781 

2,441,377 

1,359,596 

350,300 

6.483,301 

11.151.470 



,584; 430 

90,401 

165,647 

25,898 

488,350 

1,182,354 



5,127,050 
1,144,579 
2,493,669 
2,386,172 

4,013,231 



3,678,463 
334,768 



2,339, 
84 
3,146, 
1,224, 
549, 
344, 
377, 
535, 
216, 
195, 
337, 
68, 
73, 
202, 
109, 
576, 



243,781 

217,854 

404,012 

15,941 

33,917 

165,343 

33,857 

39,527 

24,088 

935^625 



261 
26,733 
12,933 

99,453 



46 
14,305 
7,423 

35,506 



967,864 
369,322 



;351,3 87 



60,126 
432,736 
35,920 
10,667 
29,305 
93,847 
66,167 
4,983 
19,252 

1P80,090 



131,742 
194,459 
26.133 
13,485 
27,039 
10,425 
16,913 
4,822 
9,149 

230,395 



3; 742; 328 
19,423,875 

1,676,947 
366,101 
600,026 

1,336,707 
670,574 
241,406 
469,067 

9,737,214 



1,841,467 



137,213 

1,047,362 

93,430 

22,248 

53,233 

294,633 

130,874 

10,864 

51,595 

1,737,618 



843 ,479 
175,029 
332,879 

535,703 



791,803 
233,287 



1P04,234 



150,933 
129,462 



5,871,035 
3,866,179 



1,232,851 
554,767 



64,479 



683,444 
128,956 
191,334 

458,721 



2,537 
26,839 
18,066 

102,345 



441,968 
78,224 
104,250 
277,897 
33,236 



571,576 
190,188 
244,093 
176,497 

463,435 



433,639 
29,846 



245,218 
19,203 
156,489 
173,306 
94,163 
31,499 
53,497 
32,689 
17,632 
17,005 
45,330 
8,406 
18,386 
22,231 
17,035 
79, 573 



21,680 
11,370 
26,545 
4,736 
6,594 
13,354 
4,834 
2,116 
8,224 



79,375 
27,162 

7,922 
12.059 
25,427 

7,305 



7,448 
5,815 
8,718 
1,105 
2,346 
5,255 
984 
647 
3,188 

31.559 



93,554 
114,083 
223,831 
11,374 
19,761 
73,849 
13,370 
14,978 
15,853 

376.311 



77,647 
177590" 
17,732 
18,013 
4,557 



91,213 



16,335 
19,895 
36,017 
18, %6 

51,825 



43,227 
8,593 



154,950 



16,567 
2,793 

18,364 

20,424 
6,161 
8,936 

15,840 

14,093 
5,914 

13,109 
5,364 
1,176 
1,431 
2,375 
2,332 

13,961 



10,133 
2,621 
4,636 

.11,299 
2,820 

19,265 
8;499 
3,260 
5,711 



79,055 
33,154 



4,439 

7,773 

15,176 

5,771 

23,949 



13,789 
5,160 



6,344 
66,438 



5,545 
1,065 
7,857 
7,923 
2,365 
3,958 
9,942 
6,926 
3,003 
5,960 
2,405 
402 
282 
1,085 
728 
6,987 



163,389 
29,698 
50,649 

113,176 
14,399 

633,553 



519,373 

32,059 

72,366 

9,750 

235,954 

475,413 



211,337 
75,645 

113,165 
75,216 

282,891 



259,234 
23,657 

52,404 

20,652 

469,266 



98; 722 
9,128 
72,392 
68,398 
43.924 
U,279 
30,619 
16,560 
15,886 
13,329 
19,249 
3,721 
6,287 
9,594 
7,652 
38,526 



76,605 
89,171 
132,222 
3,135 
12,994 
52,603 
11,502 
13,731 
11,658 

344.375 



152,257 
26,883 
47,305 

105,427 
12,493 

604,524 



503, OW" 
29,155 
63,774 
8,581 

226,058 

428,650 



192,794 
67,389 
93,311 
70,156 

211.988 



195,192 
16,796 



17,266 
401.359 



87,352 

7,569 

65,202 

62,054 

38,483 

11,994 

23,292 

13,506 

9,178 

9,340 

16,941 

3,264 

5,957 

8,463 

6,854 

32,410 



21,382 
11,404 
26,903 
5,211 
6,691 
17,653 
4,599 
2,213 
6,234 

75.622 



(x) 

(x) 

2,445,389 



9,429,559 

2,0847516 

1,730,579 

3,191,439 

102,347 

310,486 

1,411,225 

137,259 

212,364 

248,774 



(x) 
353,991 



6.516.788 



26,113 
6,490 
10,150 
26,622 
6,247 

75,712 



3,311,7% 
471,322 
422,894 

2,053,545 
357,230 

13,943,705 



40,225 15,204,796 

13,056 2,1U,963 

18,531 1,303,390 

3,900 321,051 



156,096 
39,199 



23,919 
13,023 
31,534 
15,713 

51,497. 

43,759 

7,738 



14,416 
144,360 



18,273 

2,904 

19,545 

19,195 

6,219 

7,373 

12,360 

12,532 

6,092 

9,914 

5,205 

1,075 

1,676 

2,603 

2,067 

16,320 



5,918,451 
10,677,475 



4,953,267 
1,084,408 
2,401,907 
2,237,894 

3,864.070 



3,549,991 
314,079 



286,571 
10,007,258 



2,292,176 

82,948 

3,038,084 

1,138,408 

536,238 

326,486 

361,437 

497,352 

207,532 

181,415 

324,315 

65,503 

70,865 

190,630 

102,152 

541,627 



237,150 
212,119 
392,835 
14,994 
32,469 
160,273 
33,017 
38,293 
22,190 

903.534 



430,373 
74,272 
101,429 
255,742 
31,213 

1,787,191 



1,522,197 
80,842 
159,604 
24,548 

450,934 

1,140,154 



6/;43,004 



437,632 



310,148 



924.994 



129,592 
197,954 
28,316 
14,915 
25,450 
8,990 
17,545 
5,094 
9,665 

299,461 



103,246 
144,405 
10,812 
9,017 
17,263 
4,890 
11,217 
3,256 
5,032 

173,457 



82,541 
547,334 
42,045 
13,023 
39,426 
98,848 
73,305 
6,960 
21,012 



160,563 
138,898 



35,354 
Til 



99,566 
73,901 



(x) 
11,015 



37,738 



(x) 
5,295 



31,322 



833,645 
324,140 



1.327 332 



(x) 
322,000 

556,701 



19,523 
10,347 
23,071 
4,302 
5,625 
11,927 
4,455 
2,006 
6,462 

69.974 



5,653 

5,272 
7,618 
1,022 
2,036 
4,667 
900 
611 
2,543 

27.724 



89,371 
108,737 
218,411 
10,535 
18,460 
69,950 
12,843 
U,453 
13,891 

356.171 



24,292 
6,574 
10,262 
22,537 
5,309 

67,806 



555,095 
181,031 
237,275 
166,752 

452.120 



423,978 
23,142 



240,616 
18,965 
151,950 
174,537 
92,445 
30,161 
51,844 
30,861 
17,049 
16, U3 
44,471 
8,102 
13,399 
21,253 
16,089 
75.300 



34,237 
13,717 
16,006 
3,7% 

161,729 

31,637 



14,576 
17,352 
32,707 
17,002 

47.727 



40,246 
7,481 

25,460 

14,693 

135,454 



15,529 
2,528 

16,478 

18,507 
5,447 
7,707 

13,785 

12,085 
5,195 

10,365 
4,952 
1,078 
1,251 
2,472 
2,112 

15. %3 



9,026 
2,184 
3,971 
10,072 
2,471 

17,008 



7,814 
2,541 
5,090 
1,463 

66,016 

29.481 



3,971 
6,698 
13,611 
5,201 

21,845 



17,421 
4,425 



57,533 



5,172 

948 

6,987 

7,129 

2,036 

3,335 

8,698 

5,028 

2,626 

4,676 

2,003 

362 

237 

940 

551 

5.755 



156,517 
27,117 
4«,761 

110,633 
13,143 

594.633 



489,728 

27,398 

68,450 

9,057 

249,945 

451.557 



202,572 
70,592 

108,675 
69,617 

267,472 



245, %6 
21,506 

43,799 

19,371 

448,118 



3,900 

69,175 

66,303 

42,566 

13,468 

29,058 

15,226 

15,171 

li,786 

18,465 

3,537 

5,984 

8,966 

7,027 

35,614 



See footDote at end of table. 



2*»i"r 



SALES SIZE 



2.09 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 

Stores, Sales, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Stores operated entire year with annual sales of— 



$1,000,000 or more 



ICind of busineu 



United State*, total 



Food group 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat . 
Grocery stores, with fresh meat . . . . 

Meat markets, fish markets 

Fniit stores, vegetable markets 

Candy, nut. comccQoncry stores. . . 
Dairy products stores, milk dealers . 

Bakery producu stores 

Ege, poultry dealers 

/QI other food stores 



Eatint and drinking place*. 

Eating places 

Diinkinfz places 



General stores. 



General merchandise group 

I>epartment stores 

Dry goods, geneial merchandise stores . 
Variety stores 



Apparel group 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores . 

Family clothing stores 

Wcsncn's ready-to-wear stores 

Millinery stores 

Other apparel accessory, specialty stores . 

Shoe stores 

Custom tailors 

Furriers, fur shops 

All other apparel stores 



Furniture, furnishings, appliance group. 

Furniture stores 

Floor covenne. drapery stores 

Other home mmishing stores 

Household appliance stores 

Radio stores 



Automotive group 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers . 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

All other automotive dealers 



Gasoline service stations . 



Lumber, building, hardware group. 

Lumber yards, building materials dealers . 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers 



Drug and proprietary store*. 

Drug stoies 

noprietary stoees 



Liquor stores 

Second-hand store*. 



Other retail store* 

Fuel, fiiel oil dealers 

Ice dealers 

Feed, farm, garden supply stoces 

Jewelry stores 

Book, stationery stores 

Sporting goods stores, bicycle stores 

Florists 

Cigar stores and stands 

News dealers, newsstands 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores 

Music stores 

Lug^ge, leather goods stores 

Optical goods stores 

Camera, photographic supply stores 

Office, store machine ana equipment dealers. 
All other retail stores 



10,432 



2,315 



22 

,889 

23 

1 

19 

338 

1 



U9 

2 



1,534 
182 
308 



134 
223 
372 



247 
13 
26 
S4 
23 

3,187 



2,968 

194 

12 

13 

12 



448 
17 

144 
77 



2 

670 



233 
61 



Sales, entire 
year 



(TJiousdnd 
dollars) 



25,322,366 



3,712,149 



33,490 
2,723,329 
34,691 
(xi 

30,384 
857,528 
M 
6,958 
(x) 

190,802 



To 

(x) 



10,865,549 



9,971,473 
385,089 
508,987 

1,925,293 



239,376 
696,302 
890,976 

5,784 
54,929 
(x) 

33,188 
(x) 

673,883 



482,920 
23,067 
44,796 
83,716 
39,384 

5,761,956 



5,414,852 

314,738 

14,801 

17,565 

(x) 
1,100,569 



743,908 

22,989 

219,464 

114,208 

82,442 



(x) 
214,559 
(x) 
1,222,599 



433,478 
4,731 
381,050 
109,360 
102,856 
21,090 

73,868 
(x) 
(x) 

36,798 
4,478 

18,461 

(x) 

27,795 



Pay roll, 
entire year 



(TTiousdnd 
dollars) 



3,444,037 



371,822 



2,646 
194,i46 
2,627 
(x5 
4,453 
161,351 
(x) 

296 
(x) 

54,898 



(x) 



1,570,774 
48,942 
78,373 



40,281 
105,080 
139,758 

799 
9,194 

(x) 
6,322 

(x) 

119,034 



86,274 
4,061 
10,918 
14,071 
3,710 

594,135 



577,493 

12,712 

2,517 

1,413 

(x) 

148,049 



98,432 

5,422 

33,751 

10,444 

11.491 



(x) 
5,131 
(x) 
129,942 



44,070 
1,645 
21,860 
20,439 
18,600 
3,515 

3,713 
(x) 
(x) 

8,129 
810 

2,119 
(x) 
3,629 



Unincorporated 
busmesses 



Active pro- 
prietors, 
November 

(Number) 



2,039 



(x) 

(x) 
(x) 



10 
175 
16 



(X) 



(x) 
(x)' 



698 

121 

7 



(x) 



W 
(x) 



(x) 



104 

285 

2 

2 



(x) 

(x) 



(x) 



Unpaid 

family 

workers, 

November 

(Number) 



(x) 

(x) 
(x)' 



(X) 
(x) 



(x) 
(x)' 



3 
125 



101 
22 
2 



(x) 



00" 

(x) 



(x) 



(x) 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



Total 
(Number) 



1, 467,879 



133,883 



1,081 
84,752 
738 
(x) 
2,518 
42,969 
(x) 

115 
(x) 

26,814 



x) 
(x) 



787,595 
25,937 
61,363 

134,213 



13,007 
45,453 
68,658 

301 
3,167 

(x) 
2,227 

(x) 

41,590 



26,966 
1,090 
8,331 
3,933 

1,170 

152,801 



149,071 
2,633 

740 
357 

(x) 

46,348 



28,959 
1,362 

13,060 
2,967 

5,459 



(x) 
2,164 
(x) 
45,326 



13,035 
545 
8,451 
7,048 
7,085 
1,294 

1,071 
(x) 
(x) 

2,838 
430 

554 
(x) 
1,817 



FuU 
workweek 

(Number) 



1.227,306 



106,239 



812 
61,105 

638 
(x) 
1,700 
42,184 
(x) 

111 
(x) 

23.191 



W 
(x) 



640,855 

20,031 
37,906 

111,802 



10,963 
37,934 
57,567 

166 
2,632 

(x) 
2,185 

(x) 

39,946 



25,634 
1,049 
3,230 
3,372 
1,111 

149,821 



146,181 
2,563 

730 
347 

(x) 

43,132 



27, 4U 
1,250 

11,577 
2,894 

4,663 



M" 
(x) 



(x) 



42,657 



12,220 
518 
8,206 
6,576 
6,827 
1,247 

1,051 
(x) 
(x) 

2,749 
390 

548 
(x) 
1,712 



$500,000 to $999,999 



21,757 



5,969 



102 
5,258 
97 
13 
44 

330 
17 
16 
92 

569 



536 
33 



667 
685 
649 



349 
245 
554 

22 

161 

7 

40 

5 

1,103 



642 
70 
68 

258 
65 

5,818 



5,067 
585 
110 
56 

92 

2.121 



1,471 

79 

301 

270 

347 



341 
6 



815 

177 

93 

36 

10 

51 

7 

5 

56 

3 

2 

24 

5 

30 



Seles, entire 
year 



(Tfioujand 
dollars) 



Pay roll, 
entire year 



{Thousand 
dolUrs) 



14.855.832 



4,092,881 



66,745 
3,613,091 
62,735 
(x) 

29,030 
228,286 
(x) 
9,721 
(x) 

380,326 



(x) 



495,107 
458,898 
443,373 

938,731 



233 ,721 
169,339 
380,045 

14,783 
105,473 
(x) 

26,624 
(x) 

736,623 



431,645 
45,795 
46,130 

169,310 
43,743 

4,005,298 



3,509,753 

390,779 

67,984 

36,732 

(x) 



992,322 

51,422 

207,647 

173,690 

225 .475 



X) 
(x) 

237,281 

(x) 

1,206,697 



1.615. 9U 



308,803 



4,867 
236,354 
4,521 
(xi 
3,840 
41,243 
(x) 

393 
(x) 

108.220 



X) 
(x) 

3,367 

136,045 



64,080 
55,706 
66,259 

131,678 



33,653 
22,529 
50,466 

2,011 
15,449 
(x) 

5,086 
(x) 

128,003 



68,235 
7,973 
14,770 
32,883 
4,087 

396,379 



370,264 
13,826 
9,656 
2,633 

(x) 

176,674 



119,417 
10,925 
29,949 
16,333 

32,369 



W 
(x) 

8,685 

(x) 

123,421 



314,610 


37;015 


6,159 


1,508 


547,263 


27,849 


120,835 


20,792 


60,207 


13,666 


25,104 


3,456 


6,270 


1,331 


35,374 


2,317 


5,335 


593 


(x) 


Cx) 


38,535 


7,701 


1,867 


382 


(x) 


(x) 


15,938 


2,188 


(x) 


Cx) 


21,163 


3,063 



Unincorporated 
businesses 



Active pro- 
pnetors, 
November 

(Number) 



7,191 



1.222 



(x) 



(x) 
(x) 



~43" 

896 

84 



X) 
(x) 



100 
142 



(x) 
(x) 



124 
92 
161 

5 
30 



307 
33 
10 
87 
22 

3,046 



2,433 
533 
43 
32 

(x) 



472 
26 

64 

197 



W 

(x) 



(x) 



tx) 

(x)' 
(x) 



326 

72 
11 
12 
10 
30 
2 



Unpaid 

family 

workers, 

November 

(Number) 



1,115 



276 



(x) 

(x) 
(x) 



16 

215 

18 



Cx) 
(X) 



(x) 
(x) 



253 
97 

4 



(x) 



X) 

(x) 



(x) 



(x) 

(x)" 
Cx)" 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



Total 



125,351 



1,972 
101,918 
1,638 
(x) 
1,913 
12,682 
(x) 

177 
(x) 

56.361 



Tx) 
(X) 



4,066 
126,401 



36,738 
31,724 
57,939 

57 ,393 



11,013 
10,264 
26,960 

966 

5,704 
(x) 

1,690 
(x) 

39,848 



21,192 
2,159 
5,111 

10,129 
1,257 

119,299 



111,736 

3,703 

3,195 

665 

(x) 
58.738 



38,771 
3,072 

11,513 
5,382 

15,794 



x) 
(x) 



(x) 



42,876 

11,849 

590 

10,793 

6,819 

5,270 

1,079 

463 

731 

327 

(x) 

2,441 

114 

(x) 

672 
(x) 
1,057 



Full 
workweek 

(Number) 



93.517 



1,579 
71,945 

1,343 
(x) 

1,370 
12,282 
(xi 

157 
(x) 

48.044 



00 
(x) 



85.614 



28,830 
23,094 
33,690 

45. 5U 



9,444 

8,046 

21,097 

565 
4,017 

(x) 
1,624 

(x) 

38,498 



20,282 
2,112 
5,060 
9,872 
1,172 

116,189 



109,121 

3,516 

2,907 

645 

(x) 

55,214 



36,616 
2,951 

10,399 
5,248 

13.195 



(x) 
(x) 

3,222 

(x) 

40,037 



11,124 

575 

10,274 

6,273 

4,889 

1,008 

398 

705 

189 

(x) 

2,329 

107 

(x) 

635 
Cx) 
989 



See footnote at end of table. 



2.10 



RETAIL TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS; 1948— Continued 

Stores, Sales, Pay Roll, and Personnel 





Stores operated entire year with annual sales of^ 




$300,000, to $499,999 


$100,000 to $299,999 


Kind of business 


Number 


Sales, entire 
year 

(ThouMnd 
dolbrs) 


Pay roll, 
entire year 

(TJlOUMTlcl 

dolbrs) 


Unincorporated 
businesses 


Paid employees, 
worlcweelc ended 
nearest Nov. 15 


Number 


.Sales, entire 
year 

(TTwuiand 
dolUrj) 


Pay loU. 

entire year 

(Thousani 
dollors) 


Unincorporated 
businesses 


Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 




Active pro- 
prietors. 
November 

(>iumbeT) 


Unpaid 

family 

workers. 

November 

Wumber) 


Total 
(Number) 


FuU 
workweek 

(>iumbeT) 


Active pro- 
prietors. 
November 

(Number) 


Unpaid 

family 

workers, 

November 

(Number) 


Total 
(Number) 


Full 
workweek 

(Number) 




33,215 


12^70,539 


1,396,998 


17,890 


^712 


595,633 


501,346 


185,950 


30,442,733 


3,229,082 


154,530 


48,104 


1,523,218 


1,286,702 




7,202 


2,770,805 


211,708 


1 

3,333 


978 


89,014 


68,962 


44,645 


7,093,197 


430,747 


43,534 


16,971 


235,489 


187,338 




387 
5,810 

356 
33 
64 

384 
45 
46 
77 

1,089 


142,984 
2,248,178 

133,007 
12,266 
24,270 

146,782 
17,194 
17,132 
28,992 

413,123 


9,730 

151,219 

9,701 

1,055 

3,382 

24,876 

4,075 

951 

6,669 

115,538 


154 
2,449 

320 
39 
17 

259 
33 
51 
11 

588 


36 
783 

66 
1 
1 

58 
5 

17 

11 

134 


3,720 
66,741 
3,561 

419 
1,822 
8,582 
1,518 

407 
2,244 

59.683 


3,074 
49,294 
2,946 

363 
1,465 
7,974 
1,315 

348 
2,183 

51.344 


6,032 
30,190 

3,718 
488 
421 

1,337 
968 
491 
500 

11.566 


910,279 
4,863,820 

580,403 
74,342 
64,631 

309,141 

140,394 
76,007 
79,180 

1.773.327 


56,007 
233,175 

38,848 
6,944 
8,567 

39,838 

30,861 
3,975 

12,532 

450.310 


3,782 
31,340 

4,111 
595 
166 

1,610 
381 
567 
482 

10.104 


1,397 
15,020 
946 
164 
50 
653 
334 
222 
180 

2.487 


25,974 
148,347 

15,140 
3,034 
4,392 

17,050 

14,344 
2,115 
5,043 

248.061 


19,406 




116,018 




12,767 




2,458 




3,566 




15,316 




12,137 




1,612 




4,556 


Eating and drinking places 


212.649 




1,016 
73 

304 

2,429 


386,079 
27,044 

114,483 

934,916 


107,412 
8,126 

10,181 

125,179 


546 
42 

141 

510 


126 
8 

46 

111 


56,547 
3,136 

5,145 

95.407 


48,624 
2,720 

4,611 

59.339 


9,023 
2,543 

2,008 

8.389 


1,412,818 
360,509 

322,413 

1.471.794 


365,408 
84,902 

22,419 

183.968 


7,744 
2,360 

1,817 

3,631 


2,008 
479 

869 

1,418 


208,924 
39,137 

12,795 

149,590 


178,756 




33,893 




10,991 


General merchandise group 


91 ,791 




251 

1,102 
1,076 

2,355 


100;351 
423,726 
410,839 

895,107 


13;864 
48,667 
62,648 

121,635 


42 

441 
27 

1,105 


3 

102 

6 

254 


9,084 
28,768 
57,555 

53,618 


6.548 
20,778 
32,013 

42,239 


84 
4,635 
3,670 

17,173 


21,017 
800,423 
650,354 

2,738,964 


2,843 
80,034 
101,041 

325,239 


17 

3,103 

511 

11,359 


5 

1,228 

185 

3,136 


2,707 
49,684 
96,999 

151,768 


1,619 


Dry goods, general merchandise stores 


37,245 
52,929 




120,217 


Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores 


iib 

364 

879 

3 

47 

366 

23 

60 

33 

2,281 


2lS,8W 

139,641 

337,025 

985 

17,349 

137,690 

8,569 

22,506 

12,443 

863 ,806 


30;234 

17,879 

43,209 

208 

2,598 

18,379 

2,812 

4,487 

1,829 

143,806 


322 
261 
363 

1 
15 
71 
15 
35 
22 

1.291 


56 
64 
96 

7 
15 
8 
6 
2 

236 


10,061 

8,749 

23,216 

88 

1,288 

7,239 

809 

1,304 

864 

47.266 


8;575 

6,984 

13,367 

88 

723 

4,886 

734 

1,240 

642 

45,520 


4,524 

2,406 

5,090 

58 

631 

3,442 

243 

401 

383 

14,101 


719,211 

386,184 

831,081 

3,358 

95,264 

533,565 

37,724 

66,300 

56,277 

2.305.972 


82,488 
41,192 
95,421 

1,527 
11,029 
62,552 
11,316 
12,804 

6,960 

311,947 


3,561 

2,096 

3,445 

22 

245 

1,195 

148 

316 

331 

11,083 


831 

606 

983 

5 

60 

262 

11 

37 

39 

2.933 


29,646 

23,760 

54,318 

757 

5,740 

25,760 

3,605 

4,540 

3,622 

119,950 


25,017 
18,369 




43,713 




601 


Other apparel accessory, specialty stores 


3,607 
18,354 




3,392 




4,300 




2,854 


Furniture, furnishings, appliance group. 


113,446 


i;237 
139 
154 
649 
102 

8.160 


468,450 
52,809 
58,878 

244,857 
38,812 

3.124.380 


68,253 

9,421 

23,740 

38,797 

3,595 

286.987 


783 
87 
27 

340 
54 

6,054 


161 

5 

3 

54 

13 

. 962 


21,764 
2,664 
9,073 

12,612 
1,153 

100,704 


21,020 
2,535 
8,694 

12,157 
1,114 

96.349 


7,189 
975 
570 

4,772 
595 

25.242 


1,200,634 
159,419 

98,376 
750,044 

97,449 

4.570.078 


144,136 
27,927 
29,722 

101,306 
8,856 

387.750 


6,069 
783 
324 

3,403 
504 

23.564 


1,625 

144 

32 

995 

137 

5.168 


52,930 

9,184 

13,831 

40,570 

3,435 

158.412 


50,396 




e,7U 




13,495 




37,705 




3,U1 




149.567 


Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers 


6,575 

1,040 

420 

125 

295 

4,277 


2,527,721 
392,797 
156,890 
46,972 

108,001 

1,616,315 


245,162 
15,009 
21,883 
4,933 

10,764 

182.738 


4,851 
981 
143 
79 

167 

2.596 


769 
148 
23 
22 

37 

493 


86,449 
4,597 
8,139 
1,519 

4,309 

64.806 


83,888 
4,359 
7,168 
1,434 

3,900 

60.717 


17,443 

3,929 

3,212 

658 

7,444 

24,012 


3,248,628 
687,348 
522,592 
111,510 

1,073,094 

4.046.277 


286,048 

25,500 

68,739 

7,463 

115,892 

408.617 


17,336 

4,096 

1,537 

595 

6,111 

20.157 


3,829 
740 
384 
215 

1,497 

5.104 


119,286 

9,179 

27,398 

2,549 

48,646 

163,079 


114,443 
8,500 




24,294 




2,330 




43,537 


Lumber, building, hardware group 

Lumber yards, building materials dealers 


150,331 


2;486 
273 
567 
951 

897 


950,147 
100,049 
211,860 
354,259 

336,444 


106,424 
20,199 
26,879 
29,236 

49,176 


1,224 
143 
323 
906 

251 


241 
20 
48 

184 

39 


37,322 
6,202 
10,487 
10,795 

24.193 


34,670 
5,868 
9,730 

10,449 

19.686 


9,900 
2,354 
4,785 
6,973 

9.011 


1,756,224 
366,566 
751,600 

1,171,887 

1.339.065 


178,670 
68,368 
76,503 
34,576 

186.341 


5,932 
1,820 
4,732 
7,673 

6.713 


1,404 

410 

1,297 

1,993 

2.027 


70,348 
23,726 
33,165 
35,840 

97.273 


64,127 
22,237 




29,889 




34,078 




77.387 




881 

16 

560 

40 

3,326 


330,523 
5,921 

215,258 

14,592 

1,263,309 


48,479 
697 

9,396 

2,468 

127,422 


248 
3 

162 

35 

1,657 


39 

31 

4 

387 


23,808 
385 

3,354 

1,008 

47.126 


19,358 
326 

3,145 

909 

44.125 


8,683 
323 

4,566 

340 

17,443 


1,341,241 
47,824 

705,408 

53,299 

2.894,845 


180,775 
5,566 

41,934 

9,201 

304,667 


6,525 
193 

3,332 

319 

12,851 


1,965 
62 

810 

65 

3.569 


93,972 
3,301 

15,110 

3,766 

124.277 


74,827 




2,560 




13,363 




3,439 


Other retail stores 


112.122 




834 
20 
1,556 
319 
187 
66 
21 
75 
15 
11 
78 
15 
U 
42 
12 
61 


316,690 

7,711 

592,043 

120,842 

7,2081 

24,858 

7,827 
29,169 

(x) 

4,092 
28,772 

5,456 

(x) 
15,815 

4,477 
22,739 


36,489 

1,960 

29,089 

21,859 

15,225 

3,483 

2,047 

1,933 

(x) 

532 
4,871 
817 
Cx) 

2,074 

848 

3,909 


363 

1 

866 

162 

53 

38 

8 

54 

(x) 

5 

32 

16 

(x) 

24 

7 

24 


64 

226 
34 
16 

7 

22 

(x) 

3 

(x)" 

7 

4 


12,695 

708 

12,070 

6,533 

6,835 

1,165 
710 
750 

(x) 
388 

1,679 
309 

(x) 
717 
290 

1,317 


11,904 

662 

11,378 

6,U7 

6,391 

1,096 
665 
697 

(x) 
375 

1,568 
276 

(x) 
679 
262 

1,256 


4,344 
149 
5,966 
2,087 
927 
504 
377 
632 
321 
113 
599 
148 
122 
401 
159 
599 


728,415 
24,672 
1,033,153 
336,730 
150,862 
79,330 
56,236 
96,130 
49,347 
16,357 
96,326 
23,724 
18,539 
65,276 
25,168 
94,030 


78,437 
6,437 

50,916 

53,740 

27,996 
8,342 

11,361 
7,496 
5,198 
2,441 

13,336 
3,281 
6,006 
8,185 
4,446 

17,049 


3,120 

41 

4,622 

1,511 

556 

426 

359 

417 

213 

90 

431 

129 

75 

327 

129 

403 


752 
10 
1,554 
353 
130 
121 
100 
121 
63 
25 
126 
28 
11 
76 
26 
73 


31,502 
2,583 
23,560 
18,074 
12,304 
3,189 
4,486 
3,126 
4,844 
1,418 
5,061 
1,263 
1,813 
3,270 
1,573 
6,186 


28,976 




2,304 


Feed. farm, garden supply stores 


21,579 
16,992 




11,090 


Sporting goods stores, bicycle stores 

nonats 


2,902 

4,080 
2,770 




2,380 




1,U2 


Music stores 

Luggage, leather goods stores 

Optical goods stores 

Camera, photographic supply stores 

Office, store machine and equipment dealers. 


4,695 
1,U9 

1,762 
3,024 
1,461 
5,616 







See footnote at end of table. 



SALES SIZE 



2.11 



Tabic 2B.— SALES SIZE— UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS; 1948— Continued 

Stores, Sales, Pay Roll, and Personnel 





Stores operated entire year with annua] sales of— 




$50,000 to $99,999 






$30,000 to $49,999 








Number 


Sales, entire 
year 

(ThoujaTid 
dolUrs) 


Pay roll, 
entire year 

(Jhousand 
dolbrs) 


Unincorporated 
businesses 


Paid employees, 
workwecic ended 
nearest Nov. 15 


Number 


Saks, entire 
year 

(Thoujand 
dollorj) 


Pay roll, 
entire year 

(Thoujiind 
d<jll<irjj_ 


Unincorporated 
businesses 


Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 




Acuve pro- 
pnctors. 
November 

(Number) 


Unpaid 

family 

workers, 

November 

(Number) 


Total 
(Number) 


Full 
workweek 

(Number) 


Active pro- 
pnetors, 
November 

(Number) 


Unpaid 

family 

workers. 

November 

(NumberJ 


Total 

XNumber) 
588,624 


Full 
workweek 

(Number) 


United State*, total 


280j868 


19,640,842 


1,855,449 


234.637 


113,779 


1,068,844 


856,655 


272,809 


10j572,639 


866,505 


286,921 


147,656 


447 , 532 




79,524 


5,541,517 


287,934 


37,388 


50,371 


183,479 


134,586 


77,218 


2,993,982 


109,358 


62,925 


61,390 


85,379 


58,123 




13,155 
47,761 
7,244 
1,417 
1,591 
2,348 
3,147 
977 
1,884 

35.011 


905;S51 

3,347,625 

509,507 

95,193 
106,084 
167,384 
214,668 

67,856 
127,349 

2,352,023 


40 ; 516 

129.257 

25,541 

6,953 

11,798 

16,927 

45,600 

3,056 

8,286 

465,727 


12; 533 
54,459 
8,389 
1,820 
1,238 
2,314 
3,376 
1,086 
2,173 

38,554 


7;315 
34,942 

2,571 
639 
539 

1,059 

1,545 
596 

1,165 

12,702 


25,057 
93,494 
12,668 
3,816 
8,093 
9,725 
24,021 
2,057 
4,548 

287,352 


16,816 
66,442 
9,882 
2,950 
6,126 
7,688 
19,844 
1,313 
3,525 

240,728 


17,200 
40,942 
5,583 
1,874 
2,934 
1,920 
3,777 
876 
2.112 

55,646 


657,957 

1,600,770 

218,077 

71,332 
110,630 

74,107 
145,689 

33,748 

81,672 

2,127,291 


13,665 
36,531 
8,186 
3,544 
9,695 
6,242 
27,261 
1,282 
2,952 

333,701 


18,256 
44,431 
6,007 
2,326 
2,751 
1,806 
4,065 
922 
2,361 

62,214 


14,326 
36,232 
2,415 
1,200 
1,618 
1,031 
2,406 
538 
1,624 

27,531 


11,904 
33,906 
5,026 
2,467 
7,901 
4,337 
16,711 
1,030 
2,097 

229,879 


7,257 




21,686 




3,635 




1,712 




5,398 




3,075 




13,324 




589 




1,447 




184,921 




19,525 
15,486 

3,762 

8,224 


1,338,839 
1,013,184 

260,099 

582,147 


283,999 
181,728 

10,809 

55,394 


21,879 
16,675 

4,106 

6,925 


8,155 
4,547 

2,867 

3,202 


192,353 
94,999 

8,362 

47,450 


162,157 
78,571 

6,285 

31,651 


24,869 
30,777 

3,793 

7,250 


953,399 
1,173,392 

146,401 

281,703 


168,571 
165,130 

3,818 

20,780 


2S,l6/i 
X,050 

4,004 

6,832 


14,362 
13,169 

3,577 

4,136 


132,417 
97,462 

3,741 

20,305 


103,434 




75,987 




2,529 




13,042 




1 
5,052 
3,171 

23.555 


Cx) 
223,400 

1.669,760 


(i) 

(x) 

28,768 

166.934 


(x) 

1,930 

19.423 


(x) 

776 

6.089 


U) 

23.232 
91.579 


xl 

(x) 

17,261 

69.823 


4,263 
2,987 

17.923 


165,629 
116,074 

701,656 


9,574 
11,206 

58.488 


4,320 
2,512 

16,416 


2,633 

1,503 

6,436 


8,127 
12,178 

37,811 


.. . 


Dry goods, gentnl mcichandiae stores 


5,657 
7,385 




27,551 


Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores 


5,923 

2,866 

6,030 

312 

1,256 

5,068 

473 

494 

1,133 

16,529 


419,715 
206,379 
428,371 
20,919 
88,542 
360,168 
32,839 
35,148 
77,679 

1 ,182 ,250 


36,017 

17,837 

41,566 

3,496 

9,367 

38,327 

7,502 

5,871 

6,951 

126,470 


5,589 

2,646 

5,138 

185 

809 

3,032 

403 

455 

1,166 

15.881 


1,614 

1,201 

1,518 

52 

273 

387 

58 

99 

337 

5.416 


16,724 

12,541 

26,387 

2,033 

5,387 

18,433 

2,809 

2,501 

4,264 

60.799 


12,900 
9,235 

21,043 
1,607 
3,778 

13,144 
2,523 
2,218 
3,325 

53,787 


4,003 

2,074 

4,698 

604 

1,112 

3,330 

455 

416 

1,231 

11,632 


157,141 
81,835 

183,527 
23,137 
43,232 

131,234 
17,465 
16,489 
47,596 

453,628 


10,209 
5,333 

14,594 
3,596 
3,919 

11,770 
3,581 
2,352 
3,129 

43,215 


3,992 

2,005 

4,455 

337 

903 

2,589 

435 

413 

1,282 

11,794 


1,495 

1,146 

1,526 

97 

363 

1,073 

81 

130 

525 

5,056 


5,780 
4,633 
10,827 
2,425 
2,506 
6,476 
1,527 
1,232 
2,405 

24,059 


4,304 
3,155 




7,899 




1,807 


Other appirel accsssory. specialty stores 


1,667 
4,676 




1,3U 




1,034 




1,695 


Furniture, furnishings, appliance group. 


19,670 


6,587 
1,494 

936 
6,693 

819 

13.714 


476,984 
105,815 

64,573 
477,184 

57,694 

1,010.527 


44,848 
14,836 
11,171 
50,514 
5,101 

82.343 


6,533 

1,578 
930 

5,985 
855 

13.848 


2,205 
400 
243 

2,319 
249 

3,630 


21,625 
6,290 
5,340 

25,065 
2,479 

40,164 


19,170 
5,650 
4,856 

21,949 

2,162 

36,035 


3,923 
1,150 
1,040 
4,681 
333 

7,129 


153,576 
44,944 
39,826 

133,007 
32,275 

232,173 


12,431 
5,902 
5,532 

16,456 
2,844 

23,657 


4,065 

1,240 

1,116 

' 4,496 

877 

7,528 


1,717 
430 
434 

2,131 
344 

2,442 


7,197 
2,965 
3,001 
9,367 
1,529 

12,943 


5,947 




2,509 




2,490 




7,510 




1,214 




11,170 


Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers 


5,450 

3,120 

4,279 

865 

29,490 

22, U6 


416,670 

227,595 

304,816 

61,446 

1,996,533 

1.600,347 


34,909 
9,135 

33,570 
4,729 

173,180 

153.298 


6,002 

3,485 

3,542 

819 

30,941 

21,227 


1,784 
594 
948 
304 

7,380 

6,577 


18,182 
4,372 

15,614 
1,996 

91,861 

75,281 


16,591 
3,776 

13,943 
1,725 

74,846 

64,879 


l,6ii 

1,519 

3,318 

644 

37,337 

13.569 


66,687 
60,313 
129,897 
25,276 

1,443, 6U 

533,769 


6,125 

2,542 

13,059 

1,931 

91,575 

46,522 


1,817 

1,668 

3,369 

674 

40,610 

13,750 


654 

380 

1,149 

259 

13,149 

5,726 


3,503 

1,479 

6,969 

997 

59,741 

25,960 


3,l0S 
1,202 




6,044 




816 




44,833 


Lumber, buUding, hardware feroup 

Lumber yards, building materials dealers 


21,037 


5,288 
4,136 
8,237 
4,455 

15 .951 


392,301 
291,896 
581,035 
335,113 

1,124,743 


39,315 
45,758 
47,351 
20,874 

119 ,671 


3,348 
3,956 
8,965 
4,958 

15.657 


982 
1,097 
2,867 
1,631 

5.551 


19,028 
19,490 
25,440 
11,323 

78,178 


16,195 
17,306 
21,523 
9,855 

56.716 


2,032 
3,562 
6,507 
1,468 

11,832 


81,528 
139,162 
254,041 

59,038 

466,950 


3,438 
13,741 
15,776 

3,567 

39.175 


1,4U 
3,591 
7,145 
1,603 

11,911 


484 
1,374 
3,196 

672 

6,059 


4,944 
9,298 
9,569 
2,149 

32,347 


3,908 
7,864 




7,544 




1,721 




20,556 




14,188 
1,763 

8,966 

897 

23.129 


1,003,037 
121,706 

626,202 

62,141 

1.632,553 


107,408 
12,263 

31,375 

8,886 

173.428 


13,976 
1,631 

8,138 

972 

21.627 


4,897 
654 

2,754 

190 
7,050 


69,503 
8,675 

14,672 

3,906 

85,761 


50,326 
6,390 

11,868 

3,444 

72,007 


9,990 
1,892 

6,866 

1,215 

21,349 


393,837 
73,113 

270,078 

46,489 

324,958 


33;517 
5,658 

10,423 

6,414 

79,374 


9:986 
1,925 

6,530 

1,289 

21,118 


4,983 
1,076 

2,991 

352 

8,811 


27,260 
5,087 

6,305 

3,401 

46,748 


17,129 




3,427 




4,834 




2,968 




36,298 




4,389 

166 

4,483 

3,255 

1,046 

1,045 

1,468 

1,343 

823 

549 

801 

202 

302 

575 

494 

2,188 


315,714 
12,016 

328,277 

227,250 
74,074 
72,199 
99,848 
92,574 
56,412 
36,873 
56,375 
14,754 
21,338 
39,951 
35,071 

149,827 


29,657 

2,695 

15,322 

31,391 

10,146 

5,862 

17,125 

7,158 

4,723 

4,103 

5,535 

1,625 

5,654 

3,985 

5,436 

23,011 


4,007 

90 

4,235 

3,090 

912 

1,128 

1,554 

1,202 

731 

572 

780 

214 

170 

520 

505 

1,917 


1,225 
27 

1,846 
355 
250 
333 
569 
397 
287 
177 
246 
50 
16 
168 
111. 
493 


15,464 
1,267 
9,084 

13,118 
5,648 
2,869 
8,471 
3,742 
3,805 
2,509 
2,884 
726 
1,810 
2,025 
2,353 
9,986 


12,958 
1,082 
7,315 

11,660 
4,645 
2,359 
7,047 
3,001 
2,375 
1,936 
2,392 
652 
1,737 
1,724 
2,158 
8,966 


2,808 

221 

2,447 

3,362 

994 

1,178 

2,032 

1,712 

1,046 

928 

791 

204 

300 

496 

424 

2,406 


110,393 

8,409 

96,333 

129,842 
38,287 
45,171 
77,950 
65,326 
40,230 
34,820 
30,177 
8,080 
11,634 
19,125 
16,411 
92,770 


9,176 
1,660 
4,287 

14,830 
3,991 
2,836 

10,544 
3,967 
2,640 
3,175 
2,498 
744 
2,563 
1,555 
2,383 

12,525 


2,742 

183 

2,312 

3,208 

937 

1,344 

2,238 

1,677 

976 

991 

8U 

202 

213 

523 

454 

2,254 


1,044 
71 

1,134 

1,227 
352 
541 

1,160 
337 
529 
420 
309 
64 
33 
186 
147 
707 


5,965 

794 

2,904 

7,337 

2,805 

1,767 

6,536 

2,465 

2,527 

2,310 

1,628 

395 

396 

906 

1,222 

6,291 


4,435 




683 




2,124 




6,276 




2,058 




1,327 


Ronsts 


4,904 
1,882 




1,548 




1,646 




1,266 




314 




830 




718 


All other retail stores 


1,069 
5,218 



See footnote at end of table. 



2.12 



RETAIL TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 

Stores, Sales, Pay Roll, and Personnel 





Stares operated entire year widi armual sales of— 




$20,000 to $29,999 


$10,000 to $19,999 


Kind of business 


Number 


Sales, entire 
year 

{Thousand 
dolM 


Pay roll, 
entire year 

(Tluuiand 
dollars) 


Unincorporated 
businesses 


Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 


Number 


Sales, entire 
year 

{thousand 
dolbri) 


Pay roU. 
entire year 

(TfemsanJ 
dollars) 


Unincorporated 
businesses 


Paid empbyees. 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 




Active pro- 
prietors. 
November 

(Xumber) 


Unpaid 

farnily 

workers, 

November 

(XuiTiM 


Total 
Qiuwhcr) 


FuU 
workweek 

(Xumber) 


Active ptt>- 
prietors, 
November 

Mumber) 


Unpaid 

farnily 

workers. 

November 

CNumber) 


Total 
Qiumhcr) 


Full 
workweek 

(Number) 




200,052 


4,909^307 


340,435 


209,317 


126,313 


270,853 


195.052 


245.952 


3.616.969 


204 .241 


252,705 


168,253 


195.103 


130,823 




56,103 


1,374,782 


39,660 


58,427 


47,152 


36,056 


22.960 


69,735 


1.020.670 


23.308 


70,555 


58,885 


25.291 


15.000 




16,668 
2A,436 
3,258 
1,745 
3,662 
1,290 
3,019 
628 
1,397 

50,329 


404;S#7 
603,845 
79,795 
41,991 
83,872 
31,758 
74,204 
15,287 
34,143 

1,233,912 


4,789 

9,521 

2,340 

1,407 

5,765 

2,320 

12,065 

478 

975 

150,136 


17;449 
25,488 
3,418 
2,018 
3,588 
1,154 
3,221 
620 
1,471 

55,489 


14,775 

22,432 

1,609 

1,241 

2,609 

768 

2,222 

458 

1,038 

32 .486 


5,507 

10,278 

1,677 

1,269 

5,459 

1,915 

3,679 

448 

824 

124,270 


2,994 

6,122 

1,119 

761 

3,490 

1,262 

6,469 

210 

533 

93.389 


27,681 
22,502 
3,093 
2,756 
6,711 
1,149 
3,562 
719 
1,562 

64.601 


398,213 
337,885 
45,213 
39,534 
96,443 
17,091 
52,969 
10,371 
22,946 

952.171 


3,352 

4,391 

1,239 

824 

4,255 

1,444 

6,740 

292 

771 

87,308 


28,015 

23,041 

3,190 

2,940 

6,461 

942 

3,583 

755 

1,628 

69,383 


24,477 

20,597 

1,650 

2,064 

4,961 

712 

2,811 

522 

1,091 

49.976 


4,500 

5,750 

1,058 

902 

5,053 

1,184 

5,845 

341 

658 

92.001 


2,322 




3,339 




646 




485 




2,798 




762 




4,079 




137 




432 




63.387 




22;691 
27,638 

2,806 

4,888 


554;06S 
679,844 

68,794 

119,666 


30;i47 
69,989 

1,265 

6,732 


25;257 
30,232 

2,914 

4,776 


16,253 
16,233 

2,737 

3,227 


74,643 
49,627 

1,491 

7,248 


57,736 
35,653 

873 

4,434 


33,132 
31,469 

3,519 

6,106 


483,632 
468,539 

51,541 

89,832 


55,536 
31 ,772 

661 

3,618 


35,800 
33,583 

3,610 

6,109 


26,631 
23,345 

3,417 

4,116 


62,905 
29,096 

852 

4,421 


44,324 




19,063 




503 


General merchandise group 


2,473 




2,897 
1,991 

11,576 


70,675 
48,991 

284,158 


3,042 
3,690 

20,384 


2,961 
1,815 

11,265 


2,060 
1,167 

4,368 


2,894 
4,354 

15,323 


1,837 
2,597 

10,674 


3,852 
2,254 

13.811 


56,343 
33,489 

202,749 


1,894 
1,724 

12,817 


3,384 
2,225 

U,708 


2,618 
1,498 

5.878 


2,043 
2,373 

10,879 




Dry goods, general merchandise stores 


1,218 
1,255 


Apparel group 


7.145 


Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores 


2,ieA 

1,164 
3,044 
726 
850 
1,853 
432 
282 
965 

7,991 


55;6S5 
28,517 
74,874 
17,625 
20,870 
45,610 
10,527 
6,953 
23,497 

196,077 


2,653 
1,441 
4,802 
2,702 
1,560 
2,960 
2,099 
830 
1,332 

16,532 


2,307 

1,165 

3,032 

496 

854 

1,691 

441 

268 

1,011 

8,120 


1,019 
771 

1,121 
121 
346 
826 
107 
92 
465 

3,948 


1,841 
1,398 
4,261 
2,007 
1,145 
1,909 
1,036 
530 
1,196 

10,478 


i;309 
891 

2,835 

1,430 
823 

1,311 
854 
420 
801 

7,962 


2,180 
1,187 
3,341 
1,443 
1,135 
1,997 
904 
305 
1,269 

10,004 


32,689 
17,422 
49,374 
20,806 
17,060 
29,630 
12,747 
4,523 
18,498 

146.438 


1,304 

666 

2,407 

2,694 

908 

1,412 

2,157 

462 

807 

11.276 


2,174 
1,189 
3,474 
1,226 
1,197 
1,925 
903 
292 
1,328 

9,940 


1,044 
802 

1,341 
328 
469 
981 
213 
U7 
583 

4.965 


1,006 

715 

2,469 

2,329 

799 

1,022 

1,376 

346 

817 

8.582 


697 
456 




1,526 




1,554 


Other apparel accessory, specialty stores 


5U 
702 




965 




246 




488 


Furniture, furnishings, appliance group. 


5.880 




2,171 

829 

1,048 

3,123 

320 

4,100 


53,361 
20,327 
25,395 
76,963 
20,031 

101.333 


3,708 
2,292 
2,842 
6,178 
1,512 

8,723 


2,274 

919 

1,139 

2,906 

882 

4.331 


1,161 
382 
451 

1,559 
395 

1,553 


2,534 
1,329 
1,683 
4,020 
912 

5.225 


1,968 
1,059 
1,326 
2,901 
708 

4.332 


2,294 
990 
1,865 
3,557 
1,298 

4,507 


34,084 
14,510 
26,510 
52,549 
18,785 

66.197 


2,322 
1,495 
2,073 
4,234 
1,152 

5.643 


2,348 
1,063 
2,061 
3,103 
1,365 

4,646 


1,215 
469 
846 

1,809 
626 

1.575 


1,735 
1,060 
1,610 
3,298 
879 

3.744 


1,286 




788 




1,134 




2,060 




612 




3,056 


Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers 


546 

897 

2,229 

428 

26,326 
7,871 


13,712 
22,195 
54,838 
10,538 

647,671 

194,157 


1,480 

1,109 

5,440 

694 

30,509 

U.506 


588 

976 

2,312 

455 

27,770 
8.194 


224 
229 
913 
192 

11,390 

4,085 


974 

630 

3,149 

422 

23,349 

9,410 


839 

539 

2,614 

340 

16,499 

7.181 


367 

941 

2,651 

548 

29,450 

8.190 


5,702 
13,636 
38,823 

8,036 

439,217 
120.917 


617 

755 

3,710 

561 

16,685 

7.902 


391 

982 

2,710 

563 

30,303 

8.427 


150 
229 
951 
245 

16,212 

4.315 


427 

524 

2,398 

395 

U,052 

6.009 


361 
4U 




2,003 




278 




9,638 




4.245 


Lumber yards, building materiaU dealers 


844 
2,391 
4,040 

596 

6,099 


21,099 

58,744 
99,458 
14,856 

151,045 


2,514 

6,518 

4,515 

959 

9,558 


711 
2,509 
4,320 

654 

6,024 


296 
1,207 
2,293 

289 

3,648 


1,636 

3,889 

3,269 

616 

9.197 


1,269 

3,048 

2,395 

469 

5.443 


816 
2,738 
4,121 

515 

4.862 


12,180 

40,365 

60,738 

7,634 

73,832 


1,463 
3,785 

2,100 
554 

3,655 


774 
2,825 
4,290 

538 

4.758 


271 
1,357 
2,441 

246 

3.079 


1,165 

2,744 

1,702 

393 

4.082 


773 
1,984 




1,192 


Farm equipment dealers 

Drug and proprietary stores 


296 

2.350 




4;751 
1,348 

3,526 

1,172 

17.265 


117,818 
33,227 

87,634 

28,478 

421,600 


7,665 
1,393 

2,990 

3,551 

35.389 


4,690 
1,334 

3,332 

1,262 

17,413 


2,710 
938 

1,787 

388 

8,539 


7,089 
2,108 

2,171 

2,168 

24.467 


4,133 
1,305 

1,616 

1,750 

17.939 


3,500 
1,362 

2,833 

2,575 

25.759 


53,327 
20,505 

43,134 

36,141 

374.130 


2,651 
1,004 

1,413 

3,332 

26,123 


3,419 
1,339 

2,662 

2,587 

26,017 


2,076 
1,003 

1,517 

1,078 

13.240 


2,882 
1,200 

1,188 

2,559 

21.443 


1,634 




716 




901 




1,951 




14.294 




1,600 

216 

1,327 

2,704 

724 

1,056 

1,976 

1,743 

878 

1,078 

693 

153 

244 

332 

318 

2,223 


39,640 

5,185 

32,619 

66,186 

17,590 

25,787 

48,040 

42,369 

21,358 

26,183 

16,932 

3,752 

6,009 

8,160 

7,692 

54,098 


3,046 
1,028 
1,406 
6,399 
1,486 
1,400 
5,055 
2,054 
1,295 
1,990 
1,263 

259 
1,178 

647 
1,014 
6,369 


1,582 

182 

1,300 

2,821 

712 

1,153 

2,187 

1,701 

758 

1,169 

709 

159 

189 

326 

335 

2,130 


641 

85 

731 

1,292 

319 

535 

1,392 

1,038 

458 

513 

323 

79 

39 

150 

112 

332 


2,451 

575 

1,067 

3,638 

1,250 

939 

3,306 

1,437 

1,286 

1,764 

887 

1A9 

432 

406 

600 

3,730 


1,671 
460 
781 

3,045 
775 
702 

2,591 

1,078 
816 

1,184 
653 
120 
395 
314 
488 

2,866 


1,679 

535 

1,413 

3,903 

980 

1,588 

3,152 

2,951 

1,346 

2,309 

964 

184 

353 

405 

385 

3,607 


24,745 

7,447 

20,736 

57,386 

14,327 

23,013 

45,536 

42,818 

19,334 

32,588 

14,216 

2,650 

5,209 

6,076 

5,633 

52,266 


1,953 

1,255 

931 

4,210 

1,025 

992 

3,486 

1,600 

1,254 

1,392 

879 

136 

836 

397 

653 

4,624 


1,647 

508 

1,398 

4,000 

933 

1,657 

3,461 

2,988 

1,077 

2,455 

964 

186 

289 

417 

405 

3,582 


672 
181 
752 

1,915 
461 
817 

2,452 

1,750 
626 

1,224 

473 

82 

67 

198 

152 

1,418 


1,844 

892 

888 

2,855 

985 

818 

3,323 

1,248 

1,159 

2,069 

755 

92 

349 

305 

440 

3,421 


1,131 




656 




574 




2,243 




562 




519 




1,930 




890 




733 




1,213 




518 




66 




312 




230 


Office, store machine and equipment dealers. . 


357 
2,358 







SALES SIZE 



2.13 



Tabic 2B.— SALES SIZE— UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 

Stores, Sales, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of buAincas 



Unlled Sute*. tool 



Food ftroup 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat. 
Grocery stores, with fresh meat . . . . 

Meat markets, fish markets 

Fruit stores, vegetable markets 

Candy, nut, confectionery stores . . . 
Dairy products stores, milk dealers. 

Bakery products stores 

Egg. poultry dealers 

Si other food stores 



Eatlnft and drinking place*. 

Eating places 

Drinking places 



General stores. 



General merchandise group 

Department stores 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores . 
Variety stores 



Apparel group 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores . 

Family clothing stores 

Women's ready-to-wcar stares 

Millinery stores 

Other apparel accessory, spscialty stores . 

Shoe stores 

Custom tailors 

Furriers, fur shops 

All other apparel stores 



Stores operated entire year with annual sales of — 



$5,000 to $9,999 



Furniture, furnishings, appliance group 

Furniture stores 

Floor covering, drapery stores 

Other home fiimishing stores 

Household appliance stores 

Radio stores 



Automotive group 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers. 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

All other automotive dealers 



Gasoline service stations . 



Lumber, building, hardware group. 

Lumber yards, building materials dealers . 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers 



Drug and proprietary stores. 

Drug stores 

Proprietary stores 



Liquor stores 

Second-hand stores. 



Other retail stores 

Fuel, fuel oil dealers 

Ice dealers 

Feed, farm, garden supply stares 

Jewelry stores 

Book, staQooery stares 

^lorting goods stores, bicyck stores . 
nonsts. . 



Cigar stores and stands 

News dealers, newsstands 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores 

Music stores 

Luggage, leather goods stores 

Optical goods stores 

Camera, photographic supply stores 

Office, store madune ana equipment dealers. 
All other retail stores 



40,215 



20,539 

8,722 

l,3i9 

2,041 

4,578 

484 

1,376 

389 

737 

31,525 



W,14S 
12,377 



2,151 
1,071 



7,485 



370 
527 
1,700 
1,020 
749 
851 
947 
127 
694 

5.713 



1,046 

484 

1,611 

1,648 

924 

2,298 



108 

474 

1,420 

296 

13,681 

3,683 



366 
1,362 
1,722 

233 

1,500 



928 
572 



2,825 
16.537 



791 

581 

651 

2,183 

591 

1,022 

2,018 

1,957 

81A 

2,052 

613 

81 

209 

197 

181 

2,5% 



Sftles, entire 
year 



(Thousand 
doHari) 



294,180 



■1487306 
65,271 

9,896 
14,662 
33,258 

3,622 
10,383 

2,810 

5,472 

235,602 



93,549 



15,898 
7,933 



55,400 



6,523 
3,972 
12,757 
7,557 
5,437 
6,318 
6,758 
922 
5,156 

42,343 



7,783 

3,630 

11,762 

12,370 

6,798 

17.084 



887 
3,502 
10,529 
2,166 

102,046 

27.395 



2,792 
10,092 
12,812 

1,699 

11,478 



7,130 
4,348 



121,441 



5,803 
4,208 
4,755 

16,416 
4,306 
7,471 

1A,717 

U,440 
6,028 

14,816 
4,577 
613 
1,559 
1,462 
1,354 

18,916 



P»y roll, 
entire year 



(Thousand 
dollgrj) 



Active pro- 
pnetors, 
November 

(Xumber) 



5,578 



1,059 

1,412 

315 

262 

1,113 

307 

803 

95 

212 



16,705 
li 168 



345 
219 



245 
122 
481 
634 
192 
186 
795 
62 
166 



452 
309 
528 
983 
299 



■^9" 
191 
883 
157 



340 
663 
353 
125 



356 
169 



6.493 



550 
578 
208 
741 
229 
217 
699 
459 
423 
559 
204 

45 
lU 

87 

124 

1,257 



Unincorporated 
businesses 



39,974 



8,779 

1,355 

2,094 

4,437 

415 

1,388 

399 

766 



3 2,826 

jo;oi7 

12,809 



3,261 



2,172 
1,089 



7.562 



516 
1,759 
988 
761 
839 
983 
120 
725 

5,621 



1,080 

506 

1,709 

1,367 

959 

2,356 



113 

504 

1,433 

306 

13,886 

3.725 



364 
1,371 
1,748 

242 

1,483 



912 

571 



2,829 
16,653 



781 

562 

665 

2,213 

600 

1,060 

2,119 

1,955 

659 

2,162 

615 

88 

192 

199 

187 

2,596 



Unpaid 

family 

workers, 

November 

(Number) 



17,530 
7,898 

710 
1,463 
3,170 

327 
1,121 

318 

483 

25,041 



15,657 
9,384 



,330 
684 



360 
281 
617 
243 
274 
401 
215 
53 
283 



537 
216 
795 
778 
439 



34 
119 
456 
116 



124 
680 

911 
87 



~50f 
420 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



(Number) 



7,257 

1,700 

1,696 

310 

370 

1,577 

301 

940 

164 

199 

23,438 



17,818 
,620 



261 
813 



425 
338 



3,095 



23Z" 
163 
598 
733 
214 
162 
711 
60 
220 

2.528 



429 
299 
509 
1,028 
263 

1,044 



161 
682 

115 



373 
600 
345 
107 



435 
249 



213 
1,173 



Full 
workweek 

(Number) 



4,055 
— ^BT 

1,034 
186 
163 
848 
177 
616 



11 ; 037 
3,403 



229 
179 



152" 
86 
318 
418 
121 
109 
476 
29 
126 



289 
180 
298 
475 
166 



59 
109 
539 

89 



949 

402 
229 



334 


646 


210 


542 


351 


235 


986 


667 


243 


266 


553 


251 


1,718 


881 


956 


459 


332 


466 


1,023 


769 


267 


222 


27 


36 


45 


70 


98 


91 


72 


105 


1,008 


1,246 



250 
151 



163 
804 



J2,000 to $4,999 



30, 522 

5,063 
872 
1,710 
3,746 
238 
684 
338 
505 



18,763 
12 557 



1,367 
592 



4,434 

252 
860 
727 
525 
406 
786 
52 
420 

3,852 



533" 
250 
1,563 
875 
576 



1,173 

"-^3 

265 

678 

187 



1,959 
195 
791 
837 
136 



329 
291 



Sales, entire 
year 



(Thousand 



Pay roll, 
entire year 



(Thousand 



dolla rs) dollar s) 



101,645 
57;«7 

17,446 
2,923 
5,527 

12,297 
850 
2,378 
1,082 
1,690 



64,210 
45,534 
21,676 

3,770 

6,628 



4,579 
2,049 



15,274 
1,450 

860 
2,931 
2,528 
1,768 
1,408 
2,656 

183 
1,470 

13,157 



5,077 
3,128 

2,011 



4,152 
167 
937 

2,395 
653 



6,712 

675 

2,698 

2,892 

450 



369 

326 

125 

484 

133 

149 

422 

306 

308 

408 

133 

31 

56 

61 

82 

740 



10,943 

638 

553 

452 

873 

409 

606 

1,203 

1,298 

552 

1,717 

405 

61 

94 

91 

73 

1.918 



1,153 
1,061 



Unincorporated 
businesses 



Active pro' 
pnetors, 
November 

(Number) 



1,784 
US 
503 

95 
106 
317 

81 
143 

40 

46 



4,435 
3,545 



100 
58 



665 

34 
118 
127 

76 

45 
152 

17 



594 
"Tiff 

48 
116 
265 

55 



W 

56 

137 

32 

1,239 

330 



132 
93 
31 



37,114 

2;077 

1,832 

1,544 

3,i59 

1,364 

2,107 

4,123 

4,301 

1,851 

5,771 

1,364 

202 

324 

321 

259 

6,515 



1,711 

191 

178 

72 

125 

75 

56 

179 

141 

105 

152 

52 

3 

23 

16 

17 

326 



Unpaid 

family 

workers, 

November 

(Number) 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



(Number) 



Full 
workweek 

(Number) 



30,027 

17;003 

5,049 
389 
1,714 
3,542 
214 
672 
339 
505 



19,135 



1,367 
595 



4,483 
409 



731 
533 
408 
791 

50 
453 



3,760 

— TW 

256 

1,650 

666 

598 

1,212 



278 
702 
189 



1,932 
176 



737 
833 
136 



618 
"33J" 



10,961 

Ul 

522 

455 

867 

403 

611 

1,251 

1,3U 

496 

1,776 

405 

64 

91 

90 

74 

1,901 



24,216 

u;o55 

4,583 
502 
1,252 
2,474 
175 
561 
311 
303 

14,959 
10 501 



%9 
1,060 



712 
348 



,360 

T5T 
120 
273 
125 
167 
170 
155 
20 
163 



1,603 
274 
110 
653 
XI 
225 



331 

7 

58 
192 
72 



947 



414 
426 

40 



367 
"T5Z" 



1,243 



5,064 
255 



214 
215 
321 
179 
308 
332 
606 
219 
821 
177 
24 
19 
45 
28 
751 



2,969 

855 

810 

128 

185 

541 

87 

227 

92 

74 



8,007 
6;i35 



160 
100 



394 

—55" 

52 

178 

193 
97 
49 

186 
21 
66 



811 
"TTJ" 

71 
172 
388 

61 



266 

63 
153 
37 



426 

169 

110 
35 



232 



2,574 

318 

341 

109 

138 

95 

84 

315 

150 

160 

273 

54 

3 

26 

20 

18 

460 



1,467 

403 

426 

71 

72 

259 

44 

127 

28 

37 



4,524 
3;435 



80 
52 



500 



26 
97 
107 
63 
32 
96 
10 
37 



351 

55" 

38 
72 

137 
35 

169 

— r 

34 
110 
20 

373 

272 

— sr 

llA 
77 
19 

128 



1,189 

— T3r 



114 
51 
92 
47 
39 

123 
94 
75 

124 
41 
1 
16 
13 
11 

224 



2.14 



RETAIL TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 

SToRfs, Sales, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of business 



United States, total 



Food group 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat. 
Grocery stores, with fresh loeat . . . - 

Meat mariiets, fish marlcets 

Fruit stores, vegetable markets 

Candy, nut, confectionery stores. . . 
Dairy products stores, milk dealers . . 

Bakery products stores 

Egg, poultry dealers 

All other food stores 



Eating and drinking places. 

Eating places 

Dnnkinp places 



General stores. 



General merchandise group 

Department stores 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores . 
Variety stores 



Apparel group 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores . 

Family clothing stores 

Women's ready-to-wear stores 

MiUincry stores 

Other apparel accessory, specialty stores . 

Shoe stores 

Custom tailors 

Furncrs, fur shops 

All other apparel stores 



Furniture, furnishings, appliance group 

Furniture stores 

Floor covering, drapery stores 

Other home famishing stores 

Household appUance stores 

Radio stores 



Automotive group 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers . 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

All other automotive dealers 



Gasoline service stations . 



Lumber, building, hardware group. 

Lumber yards, building materials dealers . 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers 



Stores opeiated entire year with annual sales of— 



Less than $2,000 



Number 



I>rug and proprietary stores. 

Drug stores 

Proprietary stores ; 



Liquor stores. 

Second-hand stores. 



Other retail stores 

Fuel, fuel oil dealers 

Ice dealers 

Feed, farm, garden supply stores 

Jewelry stores 

Book, stationery stores 

Sporting goods stores, bicycle stores 

Florists 

Cigar stores and stands 

News dealers, newsstands 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores 

Music stores 

Luggage, leather goods Btoies 

Optical goods stores 

Camera, photographic supply stores 

Office, store machine and equipment dealers. 
All other retail stores 



k.b,T2A 



12,590 

1,886 

540 

:,407 

3,259 

107 

322 

338 

265 

11.155 



8,327 
2,828 



703 
297 



153 
96 
335 
318 
310 
US 
327 
20 
U9 

2.053 



Sales, entire 
year 



(Diouiflnd 
doltaTs) 



189 

96 

1,269 

312 

187 

384 



10 

92 

202 

80 



73 
325 
273 



109 
164 



6.138 



486 
449 
203 
272 
224 
267 
603 
733 
289 
1,150 
132 
21 
31 
33 
15 
1,180 



26,723 



16,169 

2,615 

695 

1,754 

4,122 

158 

441 

434 

335 

1^.427 



10,625 
3,802 



912 
395 



206 
128 
428 
432 
397 
195 
454 
23 
199 

2.611 



256 
118 
1,571 
418 
248 

527 



17 

128 
275 
107 



425 

360 

58 



154 
228 



8.022 



611 
578 
261 
402 
284 
356 
790 
983 
396 
1,474 
243 
27 
42 
45 
22 
1,508 



Pay roll, 
entire year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



1,492 



505 
135 



Unincorporated 
businesses 



Active pro- 
prietors. 
November 

(>tuTnber) 



49,749 



_2p,012 

12,101 

1,857 

537 

1,361 

3,144 

101 

317 

332 

262 

_10^13 
8,140 
2,773 

502 

992 



686 
306 



156 
97 
334 
316 
303 
145 
330 
21 
162 

1.957 



Unpaid 

fainily 

workers, 

November 

(><umber) 



_14^835 

9,311 

1,670 

325 

993 

1,841 

66 

212 

280 

137 

8,112 



6,134 
1,978 



432 
409 



283 
126 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



Total 



4,223 



819 
301 
142 
51 
69 
157 
16 
43 
14 
26 



FuU 
workweek 

(Number) 



1,494 
426 



332 
136 
59 
17 
19 
53 
7 
23 
3 
15 



680 
208 



193 
101 
1,296 
176 
191 

388 



665 
70 
25 

463 
67 

'40 



7 

4 
39 
20 
17 

9 
19 

2 

6 

260 i 



26 ; 
6 

50 
173 



Stores not operated entire year 



Number 



249,111 



70,267 

22,535 

29,203 

3,332 

2,278 

5,337 

1,302 

3,234 

760 

1,786 

66.161 



43,190 
22,971 

1,651 

5,052 

^43" 

2,865 
2,144 

12,901 



2,348 

1,129 

3,774 

5U 

1,065 

1,893 

364 

137 

1,677 

9^963 
2,918 
1,256 
1,727 
3,078 
984 



10 

93 

208 

77 



7Q2 
69 
317 
272 
44 



110 
150 



6.093 



491 

439 

195 

278 

228 

274 

598 

733 

282 

1,142 

189 

20 

28 

33 

16 

1,147 



24 
130 
121 

10 



152 

150 

72 

74 

82 

115 

416 

295 

112 

472 

76 

3 

3 

12 

3 

465 



17 



10,450. 

1 I 3,774 
5 3,813 
9 I 2,097 

2 I 761 

108 I 32,157 
I 

47 i 9.739 



40 i 
16 I 



2,191 
2,511 
3,U0 
1,897 

4.299 



14 
19 



103 
63 
U 
26 
23 
13 
67 
47 
22 
74 
6 



3 

103 



3,196 
1,103 



19.713 



1,205 

288 

2,012 

2,073 

719 

1,219 

1,889 

1,994 

709 

2,602 

915 

113 

221 

427 

280 

3,047 



Sales 



(Tliousdnd 
dolUrj ) 



6,657,629 



1,938,143 
284,007 

1,319,413 
93,622 
32,367 
49,321 
50,255 
54,447 
15,258 
33,953 

946.110 



597,133 
348,922 



200,601 
(3 



(n) 
60,352 



373,659 



31,367 

60,733 

113,723 

6,209 

17,825 

56,082 

5,602 

6,426 

25,687 

297,391 



115,372 
29,034 
20,402 

105,756 
26,327 



Pay roll 



{Thousand 
dolLirs) 



558,258 



102,500 
8,17b 
65,465 
I,, 12', 
2,001 
3,4A8 
6,568 
9,845 
596 
1,683 



Unincorporated 
businesses 



Active pro- 
pnetors, 
November 

(Number) 



257,185 



72,089 

22,394 

30,4-42 

3,579 

2,464 

5,826 

1,177 

3,361 

816 

2,030 



153,239 72,583 



109,639 
43,650 



1,306 



23,659 

U) 

7,935 



35,475 



6,631 

5,735 

11,177 

947 
1,448 
5,565 

840 
1,234 
1,898 

32J)91 



46,904 
25,679 

1,771 

4,568 

(xT 
(x) 
1,918 

11,715 



Unpaid 

fainily 

workers, 

November 

CNumber) 



53,095 



18,141 

23,289 

1,413 

1,547 

3,999 

825 

2,164 

485 

1,232 

45,477 



31,880 
13,597 

1,516 

2,512 
(X) - 

(x) 
1,128 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



Total 
(Number) 



475,057 



80,903 



6,502 
49,379 
3,505 
1,370 
4,319 
3,892 
9,204 
723 
1,509 

179,400 



134,218 
45,182 



1,3X9 



24,055 
(if" 
(x) 

10,379 



Full 
workweek 

(Number) 



4,184 i 29,002 



11,090 
3,952 
2,821 

12,155 
2,073 

79J.85 



747,935 

327,409 

55,706 

29,249 

564,850 

473.994 



173,783 
60,171 
91,762 

148,278 

149.161 



128,472 
20,689 



17,983 
375.950 



47,601 

1,672 

103,775 

36,470- 

12,836 

18,375 

15,813 

37,903 

9.334 

14,249 

13,023 

3,225 

3,056 

11,469 

7,355 

34,744 



62,233 
9,559 
6,043 
1,350 

37,416 

42.200 



16,481 
9,157 
6,817 
9,745 

16.365 



14,661 
1,704 

4,624 

1,561 

28.587 



4,602 

238 

4,539 

3,769 

1,718 

1,333 

1,653 

1,328 

533 

372 

909 

304 

487 

978 

996 

3,773 



2,157 ' 
1,023 I 
3,474 

434 

969 
1,427 i 

379 

110 
1,742 

1 

9,901 \ 

2,870 I 

1,348 ! 

1,797 I 

2,390 I 

9% I 

9,841 L 



795 

543 

1,100 

83 

310 

588 

84 

36 

645 



3,835 

1,157 

437 

665 

1,227 

349 



2.257 



3,003 

4,065 

2,012 

761 

34,803 

9.576 



685 
619 
621 
332 



1,759 
2,543 
3,310 
1,964 

4.093 



4,183 

5,346 

10,470 

789 

1,301 

3,899 

527 

525 

1,962 

20,140 



6,872 
2,531 
1,833 
7,543 
1,256 

38^^920 



29,650 

4,661 

3,916 

693 

36,009 



2,931 
1,117 

4,177 

2,567 

19.496 



1,033 

270 

1,886 

1,917 

714 

1,279 

2,055 

2,013 

719 

2,744 

912 

98 

180 

403 

270 

2,998 




1,368 
735 

1,381 

1,075 

8.855 



373 
117 
870 
799 
329 

■ 623 

1,244 
393 
377 

1,284 
402 
40 
45 
145 
77 

1,232 



15.419 



13,268 
2,151 

3,605 

1,281 



2m3 



2,850 

228 

3,217 

2,595 

1,358 

811 

1,561 

1,334 

715 

1,043 

784 

184 

303 

628 

625 

2,912 



58.424 



4|4S6 
35,266 

2,670 
1,339 
2,732 
3,076 
7,321 
411 
1,123 

142,585 



107,421 
35.164 



(i) 
(x) 
6,562 

21.373 



3,204 

3,938 

7,741 

566 

962 

2,738 

406 

475 

1,343 

17.823 
6,189 
2,251 
1,580 
6,747 
1,056 

36.523 



28,417 

4,138 

3,4U 

555 

26,923 

20,646 
7,514 
4,339 
3,746 
5,047 

11,442 



9,905 
1,537 

2,862 



16,846 



2,404 

170 

2,789 

2,253 

1,057 

642 

1,1U 

1,003 

415 

693 

593 

US 

268 

517 

554 

2,226 



X Withheld to avoid dlBclostire. 



SALES SIZE 



2.15 



Table 2C.— SALES SIZE OF STORES WITH LEGAL FORM CORPORA-ION— UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948 

____^ Stores, Sales, Pav Roll, and Kid Emplovus 



Kind of buatness 



United Sum*, toul 

Food ftroup 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat 

Grocery stores, with fresh meat 

Meat markets, fish markets 

Fniit stores, vegetable m^kets 

Candy, nut, confectionery stores 

Dtury products stores, milk dealers 

Bakery products stores 

Effs, poultry dealers 

AH other food stores 

Eating and drinking places 

Eating places 

Drinking places 

General stores 

Genera] merchandise group 

EVpartmcnt stores 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores 

Vanety stores 

Apparel group 

Men's, boys" clothing, furnishings stores 

Family clothing stores 

Women's ready-to-wear stores 

Millinery stores 

Other appaiel accessory, specialty stores .... 

Shoe stores 

Custom tailors 

Fumers, ftir shops 

.•Ml other apparel stores 

Furniture, furnishings, appliance group 

Furniture stores 

Floor covering, drapery stores 

Other home mmishing stores 

Household appliance stores 

Radio stores 

AutomotlTe group 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

All other automotive dealers 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber, building, hardware group 

Lumber >'ards, building materials dealers 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers 

Drug and proprietary stores 

Drug stores 

Proprietary stores 

Liquor stores 

Second-hand stores 

Other retail stores 

Fuel, fuel oil dealers 

Ice dealers 

Feed, farm, garden supply stores 

jewelry stores 

Book, stationery stores 

Sporting goods stores, bicycle stores 

Fknsts 

Cigar stores and stands 

News dealers, newsstands 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores 

Music stores 

LAiggage, leather goods stores 

Optical goods stores 

Camera, photographic supply stares 

Office, store machine and equipment dealers. 
All other retail stores 

See footnote at end of table. 



Total 



Number 



210,606 



38,96^ 



7,944 

20,5*3 

1,409 

317 

3,151 

2,756 

1,921 

200 

721 

19,592 



Sales, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



a, 203,213 



12.104.641 



12,435 
7,157 



2,454 
5,778 
7,304 

26,423 



,331 

2,597 

6,899 

959 

1,606 

7,174 

529 

614 

714 



935.215 

9,090,139 

243,762 

32,588 

214,155 

1,255,014 

145,653 

24,644 

163,471 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 

(Thousdnd 
dollars) 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov, 15 



1,062,973 



71,107 

640,121 

23,062 

4,415 

29,680 

227,297 

28,333 

1,923 

36,835 



2,102.364 565.257 322,574 



1,691,990 
410,374 



1*,283,272 



Total 
(>{umM 



Full work- 
week 

{number) 



4617,359 2974,511 



441,840 



31,397 

286,100 

8,529 

1,777 

18,608 

68,243 

14,376 

896 

11,912 



10,528,810 
1,674,333 
2,080,129 

5,556.391 



1,063,789 

1,138,692 

2,016,107 

35,279 

153,196 

920,977 

51,746 

115,644 

60,961 



17,694 3,252,767 



6,897 
1,221 
1,269 
7,610 
697 



1,753,727 
186,857 
237,603 
921,732 
152,648 



21,492 ia958.567 



14,339 % 578,841 

1,850 i 614,620 

4,714 I 658,655 

589 106,451 

8,461 I 772,986 

23,445 5,301,001 



12,607 
3,646 
4,713 
2,479 

8,340 



3 344,976 
417,036 
950,172 
588,817 



477,313 268,578 
107,944 53,996 



36,123 
2,173,499 



1,645,549 
205,072 
322,878 

616.075 



18,037 
1.243,509 



161,178 
167,209 
287,496 
7,029 
21,030 
120,662 
16,956 
24,723 
9,772 

595,373 



293,002 
37,761 
79,999 

167,673 
16,938 

1199.885 



1,055,154 
36,853 
95,053 
12,825 

110,100 

698,520 



833,609 
118,420 
291,460 

367.291 



53,519 
78,043 
150,768 
4,412 
11,187 
50,383 
5,510 
8,462 
5,007 

216,754 



337,141 



22,299 

204 , 514 

7,054 

1,452 

13,771 

64,416 

11,512 

724 

11,399 

270,703 



Stores operated entire ycir with annual sales of— 



$1,000,000 or more 



Number 



9,288 



225,934 
44,769 



927,907 



675,461 
86,664 
165,762 

291,237 



95,946 
11,705 
37,617 
65,466 
5,620 

356.779 



410,925 
86,634 

136,965 
61,996 



7,672 
668 



1,030 



1,38.4,994 219,007 



1,323,691 
61,303 



210,105 
8,902 



14,363 



24.918 I 4,729,597 609,151 



4,725 

413 

5,165 

3,135 

1,516 

689 

948 

1,542 

1,220 

501 

822 

182 

534 

509 

283 

2,734 



1,329,639 
49,546 
1,467,419 
543,900 
333,336 
11^,758 
66,464 
191,905 
65,659 
30,947 
153,040 
24,532 
33,663 
79,632 
28,413 
198,522 



161,905 
13,787 
92,381 
103,672 
70,490 
16,678 
15,950 
17,336 

8,968 

5,296 
29,340 

4,422 
11,611 
11,490 

5,999 
39,826 



305,318 
10,007 
37,556 
3,698 

42,888 

247,731 



140,175 
30,388 
55,278 
21,890 

110.990 



105,643 
5,347 



11,126 



,209 
,681 
147 
,326 
,767 
,985 
,142 
,033 
,947 



204,163 



91,389 
10,994 
36,799 
59,580 
5,401 

344.052 



298,094 
9,550 
32,761 
3,647 

39,465 

228,354 



14 

1,778 

15 

1 

19 

314 

1 

2 

18 

119 



Sales, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



24p89,076 



2,162 3,463,004 



118 

1 



1,495 
177 
307 



125 
206 
345 

3 
35 
2 

15 
2 



24,089 

?, 562,061 

20,855 

(x) 
30,384 
816,614 
M 
(x) 
M 

161,880 



7^ 

(x) 

50,307 



1,979 10,791,595 



(X) 
(x) 

1,828,452 



224 

9 

26 

52 

21 



2,573 
103 



129,872 
28,242 
49,161 
21,079 

88,865 



84,733 
4,152 



9,776 



6,572 5,944 



231.268 



55,819 

5,505 

37,574 

34,650 

29,770 

5,691 

6,445 

7,071 

7,200 

3,560 

10,429 

1,686 

3,483 

4,000 

2,195 

15,970 



211,136 



51,917 
4,955 
35,504 
32,057 
27,621 
5,452 
5,794 
6,166 
3,972 
2,497 
9,837 
1,524 
3,344 
3,669 
2,067 
U,740 



393 
13 

138 
52 



176 
56 
42 
9 

25 
1 
2 

23 
3 



225,397 
669,148 
839,513 

(x)" 

(x) 

Cx) 

(x) 

(x) 

625,909 



452,615 
17,741 
44,796 

(x) 

(x) 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



351,134 



2,153 
182,868 

1,606 

(x) 

4,453 
153,920 

(x) 

(x) 

(x) 

47,536 



"TO" 
(x) 

6,357 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov, 15 



Total F"" "?'''• 
week 

Wumberj (Mum ber) 



W14,696 1,179,533 



125,676 



864 
79,469 
448 
tx) 
2,516 
40,613 
(x) 
(x) 
(x) 

23.691 



00 
(x) 



1,686,615 I 869,233 



(xT 

(x) 

(x) 



UT 

(x) 

(x) 



289,710 127. 659 



38,231 , 12,344 
101,871 I 44,854 
132,615 I 64,540 



(x) 
(x) 
(x) 
(x) 
(x) 



X) 
(x) 
(x) 
(x) 
(x) 



101,619 



660 
57,070 
370 
(x) 
1,700 
40,076 
Cx) 
(x) 
(x) 



20,421 
(x) 



2,476 



(x) 
(x) 



113.188 I 39.633 



61,756 I 25,387 
3,428 t 920 

10,917 ' 6,381 

(x) (x) 

Cx) (x) 



5003,206' 531.715 



4,800,4441 519,161 

180,030 9,246 

11,109 2,085 

11,623 1,223 



135.065 



(x) 



(x) 



972,953, 136,844 



662,4311 90,932 

17,6751 4,525 

211,6981 33,040 

80,9491 8,347 

77,682, 10.996 



106,448 
10,374 
36,698 
54,172 

Cxi" 

Cx) 

Cx) 

Cx) 

Cx) 

38,044 



$500,000 to $999,999 



16,544 



5.061 



62 
.,568 
41 
6 
39 
240 
12 



433 
23 



Sales, 
entire 
year 

CThousand 
dollars) 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



11,396,39; 



3,497,333 



40,116 
3,158,853 
27,292 

Cx) 
26,257 
169,618 
Cx) 
Cx) 
Cx) 

306,370 



00 
Cx) 



619 
613 
545 

1,154 



287 
202 
463 

'w 

147 
5 

27 



24,105 
882 
8,280 
Cx) 
Cx) 

132.406 



484 
50 
61 

204 
46 

3.693 



132,413 

1,778 

560 

294 

Cx) 

42,665 



00 
Cx) 

11,484 1 

Cx) ' 



W 

Cx) 



873 
Cx) 



1068.679 ' 121.040 



410,481 

4,731 

288,166 

101,476 

Cx) 

(X) 

51,245 

Cx) 

(x) 
35,938 

4,478 

Cx)" 
Cx) 
27,795 



42,160 

1,645 

18,476 

18,900 

Cx) 

Cx) 

2,989 
Cx) 
Cx) 
7,923 
610 

Cx)" 

Cx) 
3,629 



26,508 
1,104 

12,734 
2,319 

5.257 



00 
Cx) 



Cx) 



41.903 



12,419 
545 
7,086 
6,424 
(x) 
Cx) 

617 
Cx) 
Cx) 
2,770 

430 

(x)" 

Cx) 

1,817 



129,616 

1,735 

570 

285 

Cx) 

39.627 



3,385 
188 
87 
33 

62 

1,625 



00 
Cx) 
Cx) 



194,639 
140,987 
321,244 

Cx)" 

Cx) 

Cx) 

Cx) 

Cx) 



W29,070 



263,685 



3,091 
207,248 
2,209 
Cx) 
3,470 
31,553 
Cx) 
Cx) 
(x) 

69,368 



To 

Cx) 

6,696 

175,948 



Cx) 
Cx) 



568.503 



327,645 
32,363 
41,456 

Cx) 

Cx) 

2,584.567 



25,082 

999 

11,297 

2,249 

4.497 1 



Cx) 



Cx) 



39,460 



1,153 

61 

267 

144 

303 



11,653 
516 
6,910 
6,008 
Cx) 
Cx) 

602 
Cx) 
Cx) 
2,681 

390 

Cx)" 
Cx) 

1,712 



293 
5 



389 

10 
546 
139 

82 

29 
7 

33 
4 
3 

49 
3 
1 

17 
5 

22 



2,383,307 
126,761 
53,424 
21,075 

Cx) 



782,627 
39,758 

165,501 
98,658 



196,9U 29,169 



Cx) 



Cx) 
903,166 



29,054 
19,420 
42,951 

Cx)" 

(x) 

Cx) 

Cx) 

Cx) 

107,624 



55,307 
5,983 

13,756 
Cx) 
Cx) 

285.715 



269,385 
6,569 
7,943 
1,818 

Cx) 

146.840 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



Total 
CNumber) 



540,736 



105 ,961 
1,242 
86,296 
794 
Cx) 
1,800 
9,357 
Cx) 
Cx) 
fx) 

46,959 



TT 

Cx) 
3,106 



00 
Cx) 
(x) 



9,245 

8,462 

22,321 

Cx)" 

Cx) 

Cx) 

Cx) 

Cx) 

33,139 



16,967 
1,579 
4,660 
Cx) 
Cx) 

62 .386 



99,663 

8,696 

27,707 

10,774 



77,712 
1,597 
2,623 

454 

Cx) 
46.273 



Full work- 
week 

IHumbcr) 



444,281 



259,303 

6,159 
368,794 
96,350 

Cx) 

Cx) 

3,924 
23,445 

Cx) 

Cx) 
34,431 

1,867 

Cx) 

Cx) 

(x) 
15,714 



To 

Cx) 

1,403 

Cx) 

104.401 



32,043 

1,508 
20,990 
17,395 

Cx) 

Cx) 
962 

1,918 

Cx) 

Cx) 

7,064 
382 

Cx) 
X) 

Cx) 

2,334 



31,803 
2,403 

10,670 
3,397 

14.368 



To 

Cx) 



Cx) 



35.545 



10,094 
590 

7,807 

5,681 

Cx) 

Cx) 
334 
575 

Cx) 

(x) 

2,278 
114 

Cx) 

Cx) 

(x) 
974 



77.741 



959 
61,473 

597 
Cx) 
1,258 
9,108 
Cx) 
Cx) 
Cx) 

_40422 



Cx) 



80,751 

-vir- 



Cx) 
Cx) 



7,951 

6,642 

17,669 

Cx)" 

Cx) 

Cx) 

Cx) 

(x) 

31,996 



16,206 
1,548 
4,629 
Cx) 
Cx) 



60,258 

75,950 

1,526 

2,338 

442 



Cx) 
45.329 



30, U7 
2,321 
9,586 
3,303 

U.943 

■^0 

Cx) 



Cx) 
33.289 



9,507 
575 

7,480 

5,192 

Cx) 

Cx) 
299 
556 

Cx) 

Cx) 

2,167 
107 

Cx) 

Cx) 

Cx) 
906 



2.16 



RETAIL TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2C.— SALES SIZE OF STORES WITH LEGAL FORM CORPORATION— UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Coa 

S'BORES, Sales, Pay Roll, and Paid Euflotbbs 



Stores operated entire year with annual sales of — 



$300,000, to $499,9(19 



Kind of business 



United States, total 

Food group 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat 

Grocery stores, with fresh meat 

Meat markets, fish markets 

Fruit stores, vegetable markets 

C^dy, nut, confectionery stores 

[>airy products stores, milk dealers 

Bakery products stores 

Egg, poultry dealers 

/JI other food stores 

Eating and drinking places 

Eating places - 

Dnnkinp places 

General stores 

General merchandise group 

Department stores 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores 

Variety stores 

Apparel group 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores 

Family clothing stores 

Women's ready-to-wear stores 

Millinery stores 

Other apparel accessory, specialty stores 

Shoe stores 

Custom taUors 

Furriers, fijr shops 

All other apparel stores 

Furniture, furnishings, appliance group 

Furniture stores 

Floor covering, drapery stores 

Other home rurtushing stores 

Household appliance stores 

Radio stores 

Automotive group 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

All other automotive dealers 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber, building, hardware group 

Lumber yards, buitdmg materials dealers 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers 

Drug and proprietary stores 

Drug stores 

Propnetary stores 

Liquor stores 

Second-hand stores 

Other retail stores 

Fuel, fuel oil dealers 

Ice dealers 

Feed, farm, garden supply stores 

Jewelry stores 

Book, stationery stores 

Sporting goods stores, bicycle stores 

Florists 

Cigar stores and stands 

News dealers, newsstands 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores 

Music stores 

Luggage, leather goods stores 

Optical goods stores 

Camera, photographic supply stores 

Office, store machme and equipment dealers . 
All other retail stores 



20,109 



4,710 



255 

3,942 

139 

8 

48 

2U 

27 

3 

69 



663 
40 



223 

368 

1,055 



33F 

228 

639 

2 

38 
324 
17 
37 
17 

1,469 



tBo 

83 
140 
406 

60 

3,577 



2,937 
257 
322 

61 

146 
2,530 



1,652 

173 
378 
327 

706 



696 
12 



2,m 



576 

19 

836 

218 

149 

47 

15 

35 

13 

7 

51 

9 

11 

24 



Sales, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



7,750,682 



1,838,901 



94,224 

1,550,126 

52,298 

2,751 
17,945 
82,406 
10,331 

3,053 
25 ,767 

269,527 



254,733 
14,794 



78,643 



89,462 
335,973 
403,377 

647,158 



148,017 

88,379 

246,391 

(x) 

(x) 

122,424 

(x) 

14,421 

(x) 

561 ,863 



298,025 
31,899 
53,936 

155,125 
22,883 

1,390,127 



1,148,516 
98,247 
120,414 
22,950 

54,439 

963 ,792 



635,663 
63,105 
142,631 
122,393 

26'7,177 



(x) 



35,953 
5,472 



219,985 

(x) 

340,134 

83,424 

58,059 

17,910 

5,585 
13,556 

(x) 

(x) 
19,210 

3,3U 

(x) 

9,150 

2,605 
16,853 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



980,647 



145 ,554 



6,809 

107,619 

4,567 

327 

2,428 

14,926 

2,465 

225 

6,188 

78,762 



73,342 
4,920 



12,497 
40,320 
61,641 

92,301 



22,624 

12,671 

32,431 

(x) 

(x) 
16,248 
(x) 
2,917 
(x) 

110,284 



49,187 

6,723 

22,994 

23,373 

2,507 

158,650 



131,275 

6,447 

17,364 

3,564 

6,438 

124,696 



77,657 
13,727 
20,388 
12,924 

40,493 



(x) 

3,188 

1,660 

96,098 



27,974 

(x) 
19,695 
16,114 
13,161 

2,737 

1,576 

1,164 

(x) 

(x) 

3,556 
596 

(x) 

1,299 
519 

3,403 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



Total 
(J^umber) 



Full work- 
week 



Qfymbcr) 



419,340 



59,623 



2,503 

46,013 

1,620 

113 

1,482 

4,976 

854 

87 

1,975 

40,327 



33,311 
2,016 



3,617 
83.659 



8,154 
23,369 
56,636 

39,368 



7,032 
5,758 
17,040 
(x) 
(x) 
6,336 
(x) 

354 
(x) 

35,558 



15,013 

1,737 

8,801 

9,189 

763 

51,727 



42,388 
1,725 
6,537 
1,077 

2,327 

41,995 



25,852 
4,093 
7,717 
4,328 

20,097 
"7i)~ 

(x) 



707 



34,554 

9,381 

(x) 

7,329 

4,771 

5,851 
876 
524 
442 

(X) 

(X) 

1,142 
184 

(x) 
424 
153 

1,124 



44,776 



2,074 

32,855 

1,302 

89 

1,140 

4,567 

757 

78 

1,914 

34,299 



32,586 
1,713 



3,302 
53.939 



5,829 
16,736 
31,424 

30,359 



6,011 
4,560 
13,221 
(x) 
Cx) 

4,136 
(x) 

302 
(x) 

34,373 



14,565 
1,707 
8,436 
8,934 

736 

49,559 



41,253 
1,664 
5,629 
1,008 

2,106 

39,309 



24,148 
3,356 
7,111 
4,194 



16,037 

~fx) " 

(x) 



32,371 

"3,309^ 

(x) 

7,401 

4,430 

5,529 
323 
499 
410 

(x) 

(x) 

1,088 
167 

(x) 
394 
146 

1,064 



$100,000 to $299,999 



11,420 



3,172 

6,060 

590 

85 

237 

604 

387 

55 

180 

4,178 



3,486 
692 



74 
2,309 

3,197 



2,009 
880 

2,428 

39 

407 

2,517 
137 
173 
134 

5,734 



2,333 
398 
342 

2,012 
199 

6,330 



3,616 
559 

1,994 
161 

2,213 

9,102 



5,310 
1,049 
1,577 
1,166 



Ji557 
3,407 

150 



1,044 
102 
7^325 



1,859 

123 

2,100 

1,022 

498 

193 

144 

314 

153 

44 

245 

52 

63 

153 

52 

305 



Sales, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



11,609,684 



3405,997 



2047,129 



494,624 

1^178,215 

104,706 

14,010 

4i,720 

107,952 

59,529 

9,325 

34,048 

692 .033 



537,022 
105 ,0U 



124,791 
1039,331 



13,492 
436,253 
584,586 

1A49,43Q 



337,571 

149,913 

416,759 

(x) 

(x) 

402,937 

22,065 

30,557 

21,065 

lf)08,962 



507,034 
68,700 
63,754 

334,518 
34,906 

1.220,777 



749,432 

105,643 

337,014 

28,638 

342,914 



960,835 
171,647 
269,234 
213,044 

610,854 
586,742 
24,112 

164,378 

16,549 

1,277,776 



333,121 

(x) 
336,398 
172,731 
85,791 
32,042 
23,279 
45,102 
25,874 

(x) 
42,833 
8,844 
10,427 
25,993 
8,633 
48,670 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



179,654 



34,875 

91,608 

10,211 

1,901 

6,052 

14,703 

10,989 

713 

3,602 

195,398 



165,193 
30,200 



2,507 
51,420 
92,976 

198,544 



48,979 

21,033 

53,265 

(x) 

(x) 

48,018 

7,377 

7,047 

3,647 

182.186 



81,020 
14,418 
23,719 
58,926 
4,103 

145,180 



86,880 
7,794 

47,055 
3,451 

47,014 

203.007 



103,660 
35,590 
36,145 
22,612 

99,262 

95,818 

3,444 

16,418 

4,517 

175,842 



44,663 

(x) 

24,822 

33,028 

13,925 

4,347 

5,530 

4,640 

3,311 

(x) 

7,459 
1,602 
3,933 
3,948 
1,345 
10, 7U 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



Total 
(Number) 



Full work- 
week 

CH<"nbcr) 



738,248 



80.974 



15,4«8 

42,837 

3,664 

737 

3,064 

6,324 

5,276 

370 

3,234 

104.846 



91,410 
13,436 



5,938 
123,152 



2,437 
31,003 
39,712 

86,248 



15,761 

10,554 

29,315 

(x) 

(x) 

19,778 

2,204 

2,308 

1,619 

67.628 



26,810 
4,304 
11,412 
23,661 
1,441 

54.172 



32,193 
2,307 

18,645 
1,027 

17,326 

74,851 



40,099 
11,788 
14,568 
8,396 

49,137 

47,059 

2,078 

4,788 

1,893 

67,245 



16,640 

(x) 

10,474 

10,351 

3,050 

1,466 

1,990 

1,778 

3,595 

(x) 

2,602 

520 

1,146 

1,430 

589 

3,586 



598,791 



62.017 



10,980 
31,748 
3,077 
597 
2,427 
5,542 
4,308 
317 
3,021 

87.908 



76,528 
11,380 



5,323 
71.730 



1,414 
22,196 
48,120 

66,364 



13,420 
8,191 

22,787 
(x) 
(x) 

13,466 
2,120 
2,190 
1,367 

64,289 



25,696 
4,095 
U,271 
21,392 
1,335 

50.318 



31,193 

2,213 

15,942 

970 

16,113 

68.963 



36,775 
11,089 
12,966 
3,133 

38,953 



37,409 
1,544 

4,301 

1,743 

60,769 



15,436 
(x) 
9,763 
9,779 
7,457 
1,374 
1,837 
1,623 
1,503 
(x) 
2,476 

467 
1,121 
1,308 

558 
3,443 



$50,000 to $99,999 



Number 



6,493 



2,743 

1,491 

292 

38 

627 

494 

537 

60 

156 

4,929 



2,957 
1,972 



335 
2,013 



791 
1,221 

6,895 



1,373 
596 

1,443 
124 
510 

2,347 
152 
154 
191 

3,666 



1,333 
277 
220 

1,712 
124 

1.997 



374 

194 

1,285 

144 

2,896 

4.954 



2,297 

1,042 

1,264 

351 

2,065 



1,812 
253 



1,153 
163 



907 

85 
705 
771 
314 
162 
279 
409 
189 

97 
155 

45 
157 
130 

31 
667 



Sales, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 

j Total 
(Thousand 
djlUars) |(>tuml«T) 



480,039 



204,737 
112,964 
21,821 
6,503 
44,420 
36,132 
38,096 
4,158 
11,153 

348,253 



213,640 
134,613 



25 ,036 
150,721 



00 

(x) 

91,235 

507,822 



102,225 
44,291 

106,950 
8,552 
37,600 

172,217 
U,264 
11,311 
13,412 

270,967 



100,682 
20,133 
15,719 

125,333 
9,100 

151,703 



29,644 
14,889 
96,482 
10,693 

210,701 

368,645 



172,723 
75,630 
93,124 
27,163 

154,134 



135,912 
13,222 

35 ,275 

11,176 

375,621 



68,034 

6,314 

53,535 

56,182 

22,934 

11,903 

19,693 

29,705 

13,746 

6,621 

11,473 

3,339 

11,195 

9,100 

5,981 

45,861 



l^d employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



51,239 



17,546 

10,162 

2,447 

984 

5,951 

4,324 

6,398 

399 

2,023 

91,173 



56,663 
34,510 



2,397 
22,503 



(xT 

14,371 
72,479 



14,691 
6,337 

W,581 
1,745 
5,051 

22,374 
3,182 
2,528 
1,990 

45,317 



15,232 
3,995 
4,458 

20,791 
1,341 

20,962 



3,961 

1,310 

13,685 

1,506 

32,699 

49,622 



19, U5 
14,933 
12,742 
2,812 

25.849 



23,076 
2,773 

8,618 

2,928 

64,029 



9,663 
1,724 
4,553 

11,531 
4,743 
1,715 
4,713 
3,413 
1,997 
1,233 
1,319 
588 
3,544 
1,323 
1,291 

10,169 



240,911 



26.731 



8,376 

5,572 

976 

380 

3,676 

2,909 

3,786 

180 

876 

50,459 



33,700 
16,759 



1,443 
19,254 



(x) 
14,782 

34,524 



5,494 
3,689 
8,335 

959 
2,841 
10,126 
1,104 

944 
1,032 

20,292 



6,207 
1,496 
2,154 
9,897 
538 

8,798 



1,350 
669 

5,749 
530 

12,799 

21,816 



8,658 
5,921 
5,946 
1,291 

13,176 



U,601 
1,575 

3,247 

1,189 

27.183 



4,430 

795 

2,136 

4,138 

2,368 

681 

1,979 

1,590 

.1,298 

594 

786 

223 

1,048 

573 

477 

3,967 



Full work- 
week 

(Humbcr) 



See footnote at end of table. 



SALES SIZE 



2.17 



Tabic 2C.— SALES SIZE OF STORES WITH LEGAL FORM CORPORATION— UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Con 

Stores, Sales, Pay Roll, and Paid Employees 



Kind of buaineas 



United SlatM, total 

Food ftroup 

Grocery stores, wichouc fresh meat 

Grocery stores, with fresh meat 

Mot markets, fish markets 

Fruit stores, vegetable markets 

Candy, nut, confectionery stores 

Dury products stores, milk dealers 

Bakery products stores 

Eee, poultry dealers 

/Of other food stores 

Eating and drinking places 

Eating places 

Drinking places 

General stores 

General merchandise group 

Department stores 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores 

Variety stores 

Apparel group 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores .... 

Family clothing stores 

Women's ready-to-wear stores 

MiUinery stores 

Other apparel accessory, specialty stores .... 

Shoe stores 

Custom tailors 

Furriers, fur shops 

All other apparel stores 

Furniture, furnishings, appliance group 

Furniture stores 

Floor covering, drapery stores 

Other home mmishing stores 

Household appliance stores 

Radio stores 

Automotive group 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

All other automotive dealers 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber, building, hardware group 

Lumber yards, building materiab dealers 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers 

Drug and proprietary stores 

Drug stores 

Proprietary stores 

Liquor stores 

Second-hand stores 

Other retail stores 

Fuel, fiiel oil dealers 

Ice dealers 

Feed, farm, garden supply stORs 

Jewelry stores 

Book, stationery stores 

Sporting goods stores, bicycle stores 

Florists 

Cigar stores and stands 

News dealers, newsstands 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores 

Music stores 

Luggage, leather goods stores 

Optical goods stores 

Camera, photographic supply stores 

Office, store machiiie and equipment dealers . 
All other retail stores 



Stores operated entire year with annual sales of— 



$30,000 to $49,999 



18,751 



590 
4,12 
lU 
i6 
608 
271 
322 

70 

3,608 



1,652 
,956 



323 

392 



203 
56i 
2*3 
264 
867 
81 
82 
130 

1,509 



Sales, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



430 
128 
138 
748 
65 



57 

350 

54 



679 
541 
465 

63 



566 

107 



2,743 



248 
348 
167 
87 
195 
234 
155 
81 
95 
29 
102 
55 
47 
533 



750,661 



98,846 



24,354 
16,809 
4,652 
1,862 
23,663 
10,573 
12,815 
1,300 
2,818 

142,935 



65,482 
77,453 



12,912 
15,911 



116,456 
18 502 



8,311 
22,732 
9,408 
10,482 
35,456 
3,210 
3,338 
5,017 

60,352 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dolbrs) 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. IS 



134,005 



12,826 



2,279 

1,723 

614 

249 

3,486 

1,701 

2,137 

153 

484 

35,520 



17,236 
18,284 



2,076 
2,637 



18,739 



17,222 
5,220 
5,584 

29,769 
2,557 

21,737 



3,138 
2,197 
14,224 
2,178 

47,060 

70.670 



27,631 
21,362 
18,642 
2,535 

27,155 



22,902 
,253 



108,865 



12,535 
2,160 
9,959 

13,987 
6,606 
3,486 
7,769 
9,198 
6,013 
3,103 
3,734 
1,189 
3,976 
2,219 
1,811 

21,120 



2,915 

1,315 

3,322 

1,700 

1,729 

5,263 

939 

847 

709 

10,957 



Total 
(Humbcr) 



7,871 



1,201 

1,076 

231 

112 

2,386 

1,167 

1,346 

62 

240 

20,376 



10,744 
9,632 



Full work- 
'eek 

(>tumhcT) 
57,995 



5.373 



840 
843 
234 
102 

1,325 
772 

1,013 
44 
200 



8,877 
7,814 



1,218 
2,688 



9,709 



3,047 
1,134 
1,533 
4,794 
449 



3,683 
589 
295 

2,431 
363 

7,591 

U,009 



3,216 

4,602 

2,397 

294 

_4,625_ 



3,996 
629 



1,853 

1,704 



20 ,261 



1,938 

651 

1,179 

3,132 

1,330 

461 

1,677 

1,196 

336 

536 

627 

213 

1,232 

313 

453 

4,432 



1,202 
776 

1,911 

1,135 
959 

2,557 
380 
334 
455 

5,335 



1,391 
535 
337 

2,424 

198 

1,618 



283 

134 

1,045 

151 

3,316 

5,296 



1,732 

1,995 

1,413 

156 

2,575 



2,166 
409 



9,330 



974 
295 
598 

1,280 
773 
231 
804 
679 
457 
261 
329 
33 
360 
139 
191 

1,371 



984 
1,602 



7,526 



1,001 
657 

1,570 
333 
616 

1,869 
328 
310 
342 

4,519 



$20,000 to $29,999 



115 

140 

39 

10 

385 

170 

177 

10 

44 

1,534 



Sales, 
entire 



(Thousand 
do llars) 

193,077 



27,225 



2,891 

3,588 

962 

256 

9,601 

4,190 

4,358 

280 

1,099 

38,301 



141 
103 



1,056 



1,240 
440 
759 

1,909 

171 

1,461 



262 

llA 
943 
137 



4,533 



1,411 

1,796 

1,139 

137 

1,936 



1,609 
327 



8,026 



866 
255 
535 

1,131 
578 
188 
690 
518 
360 
211 
284 
79 
336 
119 
179 

1,697 



133 
60 

199 

215 
93 

224 
43 
35 
54 



141 
49 
82 

484 
30 



15 

30 
144 



192 

191 
170 
20 



186 
41 



110 

33 

98 

166 

79 

35 

115 

143 

157 

54 

61 

9 

59 

34 

27 

317 



16,085 
22,216 



6,075 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
doll ars) 

33,029 



4,237 



322 
446 
171 

33 

1,521 

745 

797 

32 
220 

9,332 



3,512 

2,563 

26,345 



3,380 
1,472 
4,963 
5,300 
2,305 
5,638 
1,082 
890 
1,315 

19,391 



3,477 

1,223 

2,002 

11,932 

757 

5,038 



376 

774 

3,508 

380 

12,152 

14,331 



4,883 

4,767 

,227 

504 

5,712 



4,665 
1,047 



2,674 
37.386 



2,747 

823 

2,463 

4,164 

1,960 

363 

2,396 

3,712 

3,836 

1,324 

1,527 

230 

1,501 

856 

671 

7,808 



4,261 
5,071 



1,035 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



Total 
(N umber) 
22,543 



185 

284 

81 

24 

,149 

487 

523 

15 

118 



2,879 
3,067 



568 

467 

4,881 



542 
260 
823 
1,021 
432 
976 
409 
214 
204 

3,561 



635 
297 
516 
1,946 
167 

956 



33 
135 
678 

60 

1,987 
2,500 



718 

1,066 

655 

61 

936 



816 

170 



7,387 



519 
253 
292 

1,006 
394 
143 
623 
561 
585 
234 
290 
47 
548 
162 
179 

1,546 



342 

512 



255 
159 
521 
758 
241 
482 
173 
102 
151 

1,968 



Full work- 
week 

(7v(un iber) 
17,653 



2,103 



136 

222 

66 

17 

844 

323 

391 

9 

95 



2,257 
2,392 



247 

303 

2,206 



339 

139 

279 

1,129 

82 

489 



67 
71 
319 
32 

1,049 

1,335 



427 

503 

370 

35 



492 
116 



323 
114 
176 
467 
284 

73 
333 
367 
343 
155 
161 

22 
166 

71 

93 
734 



210 
127 
422 
529 
187 
377 
158 



1,430 



$10,000 to $19,999 



6,763 



64 

27 

4 

528 

172 

153 

6 

25 

1,086 



553 
533 



Sales, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



104,971 



15,835 
1,184 
1,005 
407 
64 
7,823 
2,577 
2,355 
(x) 
(x) 

16,541 



3,243 
8,298 



Pay roll, 
entire 



(Thousand 
dpilars) 



21,371 



2,630 



184 

162 

114 

9 

1,128 
496 
438 

(x) 

(x) 

4,002 



2,073 
1,929 



106 
65 



30 
116 
213 
70 
127 
40 
26 
39 



278 
117 
244 
726 
65 



61 

58 

293 

24 



354 
442 
319 
33 



374 
93 



3,199 



261 

94 

152 

407 

172 

57 

286 

277 

260 

123 

134 

22 

155 

66 

82 

651 



100 
38 
85 

649 
18 



7 
22 
153 
29 



U9 
145 

112 
20 



1,472 



73 
42 
79 

138 
65 
35 
81 
95 

237 
31 
58 
U 
60 
20 
11 

336 



1,629 
979 



11,609 



1,328 

449 

1,757 

3,312 

1,082 

2,037 

607 

413 

624 

13,262 



1,519 

600 

1,255 

9,602 

286 

3,095 



(x) 
2,255 
429 

(x) 

6,009 



1,818 

2,159 

1,723 

309 

1,787 



1,449 
333 



(x) 
22,185 



1,132 

630 

1,189 

2,113 

982 

535 

1,259 

1,490 

4,144 

1,175 

924 

161 

907 

296 

157 

5,091 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



Total 
(Number) 



14,166 



2,006 



115 

115 

56 

8 

1,013 

303 

323 

fx! 

3,052 



1,711 
1,341 



326 

182 



261 
90 
308 
788 
204 
402 
223 
98 
106 

2,572 



327 
154 
328 
1,695 
68 

740 



15) 
(x) 
536 
119 

(x) 

1,243 



362 

504 
323 
49 



307 
74 



(x) 
4,546 



228 
179 
166 
548 
230 

39 
235 
298 
655 
233 
165 

31 
342 

65 

33 
994 



2U 
183 



Full work- 
week 

(Number) 



122 
56 
204 
575 
126 
212 
115 
51 
73 

1.799 



197 
85 

220 

1,261 

36 

424 



TO 
(x) 
312 
61 

(x) 



233 

306 
195 
36 



207 

47 



(x) 
2,633 



U5 

82 

116 

261 

154 

54 

183 

188 

382 

159 

105 

12 

121 

33 

21 

617 



10,691 



47 

2 

698 

205 

237 

(x) 

(x) 

2,194 



1,212 
982 



173 
116 

1,232 



153" 

49 
167 
425 
103 
175 

93 

50 

62 



165 

70 

183 

599 

27 

385 



U) 
298 
46 

(x) 



641 
187 
260 
163 
31 



153 
39 



(x) 
2,124 



86 

232 

96 

46 

137 

148 

317 

122 

82 

U 

110 

29 

15 

501 



See footno-te at end of table. 



2.18 



RETAIL TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2C.— SALES SIZE OF STORES WITH LEGAL FORM CORPORATION— UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS; 1948— Coa 

Stores, Sales, Pay Roll, and Paid Euplotbes 



Kind of business 



Stores operated entire year with annual sales of — 



$5,000 to $9,999 



United States, total 



Food group 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat. 
Grocery stores, with fresh meat . . . . 

Meat markets, fish markets 

Fruit stores, vegetable markets 

Candy, nut, confectionery stores. . . 
Dairy products stores, milk dealers. . 

Bakery products stores 

Egg, poultry dealers 

AJI other food stores 



Eating and drinking places. 

Eating places 

Drinking places 



General stores. 



General merchandise group 

Department stores 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores. 
Variety stores 



Apparel group 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores . 

Family clothing stores 

Women's ready-to-wear stores 

MiUinery stores 

Other apparel accessory, specialty stores . 

Shoe stores 

Custom tailors 

Fumers, fur shops 

All other apparel stores 



Furniture, furnishings, appliance group. 

Furniture stores 

Floor covering, drapery stores 

Other home rumishing stores 

Household appliance stores 

Radio stores 



Automotive group 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers . 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

All other automotive dealers 



Gasoline service stations 

Lumber, building, hardware group. 

Lumber yards, building materials dealers . 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers 



Drug and proprietary stores. 

Drug stores 

Proprietary stores 



Liquor stores 

Second-hand stores. 



Other retail stores 

Fuel, fiiel oil dealers 

Ice dealers 

Feed, farm, garden supply stores 

Jewelry stores 

Book, stationery stores 

Sporting goods stores, bicycle stores 

Florists 

Cigar stores and stands 

News dealers, newsstands 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores 

Music stores 

Luggage, leather goods stores 

Optical goods stores 

Camera, photographic supply stores 

Office, store machine ana equipment dealere . 
AU other retail stores 



32 

20 

7 

5 

179 

38 

28 

2 

U 



191 
95 



Sales, 
entire 
year 

{Thousand 
dollars) 



24 

14 

26 

383 

8 



20 
18 
16 
20 
20 
10 
29 
36 
158 
33 
19 

16 
5 

7 

120 



2,461 



237 

(x) 

M 

U) 
1,378 
290 
206 

(x) 

(x) 

2.206 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
doltdrs) 



4,065 



1,474 
732 



233 

50 



110 
77 
205 
302 
156 
144 
124 

(x) 

(x) 

3.494 



185 
99 
(x) 
2,875 
(x) 

522 



W 
(x) 



374 
67 



(x) 
(x) 



"133 
399 



W 
(x) 



4,013. 

-T5? 

136 
124 
153 
149 
75 
206 
263 
1,236 
249 
U7 



125 



(x) 
(x) 



X) 
(x) 



405 

173 



(x) 

(x) 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



Total 
(Humhcr) 



Full work- 
week 

CHumbcr) 



3,325 



430 



38 

(x) 

(x) 

(x) 
228 
49 
46 

Cx) 

(x) 

528 



2,338 



294 



353 

175 



(x) 

4 
Cx) 



127 
35 



(x) 
(x) 



55 
103 



(x) 



50 
13 
48 
37 
15 
56 
61 
255 
67 
34 



X) 
(x) 



656 



36 
35 

(x) 
509 

(x) 

llA 



(x) 



182 
153 



x) 
(x) 



9 
174 



30 
28 
17 
29 
31 
7 
39 
47 
183 
41 
30 

20 
(x) 
(x) 
155 



23 

(x) 

tx) 

(x) 
147 
38 
32 

(X) 



Less than $5,000 



Stores not operated entire year 



Number 



16 

2 

2 

1 

116 

14 

15 



Sales, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



3,725 



(x) 
(x) 
(x) 



300 
41 
48 



249 
111 



(x) 
(x) 



268 



29 
17 
(x) 

153 
(x) 

110 



X) 
(x) 



7=0 

(x) 



26 
17 
14 
27 
19 
5 
29 
38 
160 
35 
20 



jx) 
(x) 
112 



108 
23 



15 

365 

2 



322 

70 



(x) 

(x) 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 

(ITtousand 
dolUrs) 



1,031 



X) 
X) 
(x) 



F^d employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



Total 
CNumber) 



1,342 



107 
27 



(x) 

9 
(x) 



(x) 



X) 
(x) 



X) 
(x) 



21 
38 
36 
30 
28 
15 
53 
65 
198 
79 
24 



(x) 

2 
(x) 



(x) 
(x) 



(x) 
(x) 



(x) 
(x) 
(x) 

43 

10 



170 



120 
50 



Full work- 
week 

(>*»mbeO 



2,142,354 



4, on 



(x) 
x) 
(x) 



863 
2,066 
143 
63 
315 
227 
262 
19 
53 

2.562 



1,629 
933 



Sales 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



613.340 



48,659 
506,355 

10,703 
2,460 
7,664 

24,621 
9,074 
1,049 
2,755 

121 ■9?6 



91,061 
30,865 



42 
398 

305 



10 

(x)" 
413 
Cx) 

22 



W 
(x) 



Cx) 
(x) 



X) 
(x) 



U 
9 
16 
6 
14 
18 
47 
25 
10 

7 
(x) 
Cx) 
112 



Cx) 
Cx) 



449 
179 
664 
69 
167 
560 
28 
51 
125 



Cx) 

9 
Cx) 



"IxT 

Cx) 



Cx) 
(x) 



Cx) 
Cx) 



44 

197 



Cx) 
Cx) 



537 
175 
134 
595 
122 

2.164 



1,354 

426 

318 

66 

949 

1,755 



755 
358 
314 
328 



537 
65 



255 
10 

297 

248 
90 
77 
68 

191 
47 
72 
59 
21 
53 
63 
44 

284 



Cx) 
33,434 

176 ,709 



32,553 
35,656 
55,564 
1,980 
7,952 
29,409 
1,257 
4,670 
7,668 

118.976 



Pay roll 



(Xhousand 
dolldTi) 



249,843 



51.445 



3,804 

38,234 

1,108 

374 

1,150 

4,352 

1,939 

65 

419 

33,452 



25,866 
7,586 



18,721 

J^ 

Cx) 
5,336 

22.690 



45,235 

8,879 

8,780 

41,202 

14,880 

577.742 



463,885 

85,670 

19,841 

8,346 

44,960 

182,073 



95,838 
19,978 
23,030 
43,227 

43,104 



39,824 
3,230 



2,150 
122.201 



22,126 
202 

36,516 

13,290 
4,639 
6,100 
1,795 

14,124 
1,344 
2,022 
2,749 
1,113 
905 
4,361 
2,386 
8,429 



3,840 

4,191 

7,151 

419 

313 

3,336 

333 

1,011 

1,041 

18.276 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



Total 
(7<umber) 



150,248 



29,396 



1,386 

22,379 

600 

177 

1,249 

1,348 

1,467 

70 

220 

26.220 



20,708 
5,512 



17,483 



Full work- 
week 

(Xlimber) 



(x) 

7,387 

16.466 



6,423 
1,594 
1,678 
7,177 
1,404 

52.079 



43,793 

4,469 

3,144 

673 

7,110 

22.502 



10,507 
4,869 
3,009 
4,U7 

7,165 



6,688 

477 



14.311 



2,672 

69 

2,181 

1,961 

1,060 

846 

445 

1,081 

203 

293 

378 

153 

191 

575 

496 

1,707 



2,038 

3,722 

6,038 

292 

634 

2,415 

175 

398 

754 

10 ,249 



3,584 
825 
968 

4,216 
656 

21.964 



18,390 

1,667 

1,660 

247 

3,328 

10,508 



4,789 
2,166 
1,628 
1,925 

5.420 



5,002 
418 

629 

283 

8.017 



1,370 
49 

1,271 

1,189 
694 
358 
245 
570 
108 
206 
216 
93 
U7 
273 
245 

1,013 



21.624 



1,035 

15,868 

524 

156 

909 

1,602 

1,235 

44 

199 

22.513 



17,828 
4,685 



12.199 



"50 
Cx) 
4,433 

12.409 



1,652 

2,335 

4,476 

237 

470 

1,673 

154 

371 

541 

9,595 



3,373 
758 
833 

3,975 
601 

21.063 



17,802 

1,578 

1,473 

215 

2,978 

9,513 



4,305 
1,986 
1,435 
1,787 

4,358 



4,043 
315 



7,115 



1,219 

47 

1,195 

1,070 

615 

318 

235 

438 

80 

163 

199 

75 

98 

248 

236 

879 



X Withheld to avoid disclosure. 



SALES SIZE 

Table 2D.— SALES SIZE OF STORES WITH LEGAL FORM OTHER THAN CORPORATION 

OF BUSINESS: 1948 

Stores, Sales, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



2.19 



UNITED STATES, BY KIND 



Kind of business 



United SMtn, total 

Food group 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat 

Grocery stores, with frcah meat 

Meat markets. 6sh markets 

Fruit stores, vegetable markets 

Candy, nut, confectionery stores 

Dairy products stores, milk deatelB 

Bakery products stores 

Egg, poultry dealers 

.\ir other food stores 

Eating and drinking places 

Eating places 

Drinking places 

General stores 

General merchandise group 

Department stores 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores 

Variety stores 

Apparel group 

Men's, boys' clothing, fiimishings stores 

Family clothing stores 

Women's ready-to-wear stores 

Millinery stores 

Other apparel accessory, specialty stores .... 

Shoe stores 

Custom tailors 

Furriers, fur shops 

All other apparel stores 

Furniture, furnishings, appliance group 

Furmture stores 

Floor covering, drapery stores 

Other home mmishing stores 

Household appUance stores 

Radio stores 

Automotive group 

Motor vehicle {new and used) dealers 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

All other automotive dealers 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber, building, hardware group 

Lumber yards, building materials dealers 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers 

Drug and proprietary stores 

Drug stores 

Proprietary stores 

Liquor stores 

Second-hand stores 

Other retail stores 

Fuel, fuel oil dealers 

Ice dealers 

Feed, ^rm, garden supply stores 

Jewelry stares 

Book, stationery stores 

Sporting goods stores, bicycle stores 

Rorists 

Cigar stores and stands 

News dealers, newsstands 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores 

Music stores 

Luggage, leather goods stores 

Optical goods stores 

Camera, photographic supply stores 

Office, store machine ana equipment dealers. 
All other retail stores 



Number 



1,558,93; 



465,475 



146,333 
203,119 
26,056 
15,446 
29,72} 
8,969 
18,231 
5,382 
10,214 

326,9'64 



Sales, entire 
year 



(Thousand (Thousand 
dollars) dollars) 



Pay roll, 
entire year 



69,317,335 5,4U,636 



18,861,033 



181,688 
145,276 



19,942 
37.008 



126 
23,976 
12,906 

88,823 



18,399 
9,936 

23,778 
4,766 
6,150 

12,377 
4,434 
1,736 
7,247 

67.891 



22,134 

6,525 

10,608 

22,090 

6,534 

64,670 



29,660 
15,024 
15,914 
4,072 

179,792 

75,493 



13,503 
16,893 
29,961 
15,136 

47,456 



39,283 
8,173 



139,155 



U,753 
2,779 

16,393 

18,134 
5,422 
7,908 

13,801 

12,984 
5,581 

12,015 
5,298 
1,006 
1,363 
2,521 
2,064 

17,133 



091,620 
,653,149 
531,807 
366,380 
435,192 
631,948 
579,368 
232,020 
339,549 



8,580,960 



4,776,233 
3,804,727 



804,635 



115,937 

1,149,536 

426,612 

4,246,827 



1,102,164 
652,6i5 
1,289,055 
73,277 
175,115 
546,330 
91,1.5 
103,646 
213,500 

3,661,412 



1,673,441 
313,499 
205,693 

1,237,570 
231,209 

9,145,487 



6,373,940 

1,826,757 

700,941 

243,849 

5,710,315 

5,850,469 



1,782,074 

727,543 

1,543,497 

1,797,355 

2,628,237 



2,354,772 
273,465 



250,041 
5,653,621 



1,010,138 

35,072 

1,659,440 

680,978 

215,788 

232,103 

310,786 

343,350 

151,007 

164,717 

184,298 

44,296 

40,238 

122,467 

81,094 

377,849 



880,994 
74,281 

472,706 
75,092 
19,834 
26,806 
73,909 

112,386 
9,537 
16,443 



865,177 
490,473 



15,153 
76,506 
39,048 

362,745 



82,603 
50,645 
116,516 
3,912 
12,887 
45,161 
16,901 
14,804 
14,316 

340,252 



148,966 
40,463 
24,251 

110,224 
16,348 

666,491 



529,276 
53,548 
70,594 
13,073 

378,250 

483,834 



160,651 
101,554 
107,128 
114,501 

249,478 



228,534 
20,944 



82,268 



428,111 



83,313 
5,416 
64,108 
74,634 
23,673 
14,821 
37,547 
15,353 
8,664 
11,709 
16,040 
3,984 
7,275 
10,741 
11,086 
39,747 



Unincorporated 
businesses 



Active pro- 
prietors, 
November 



(Tjumber) (fjumber) 



1,741,870 



5^^709 
152,083 
228,406 
31,893 
17,377 
31,275 
10,165 
20,907 
5,909 
11,694 

372,034 



207,463 
164,571 



39,929 



261 
26,735 
12,933 

99,434 



21,674 
11,366 
26,545 
4,736 
6,593 
13,352 
4,830 
2,116 
8,222 

79,853 



27,150 
7,922 
12,056 
25,420 
7,305 

77,617 



37,264 
17,779 
18,017 
4,557 

196,525 

91,188 



16,331 
19,890 
36,015 
18,952 

51,806 



43,209 
8,597 



17,264 
154,927 



16,563 
2,798 

18,360 

20,421 
6,156 
8,985 

15,839 

14,098 
5,914 

13,109 
5,864 
1,176 
1,431 
2,874 
2,382 

18,957 



Unpaid 

family 

workers. 

November 



930,473 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



Total 



(>(umber) 



363,225 

121,387 

167,694 

12,225 

10,564 

21,262 

5,697 

13,381 

3,751 

7,264 

218,939 



_564,057 
57,646 
311,113 
37,021 
13,116 
25,137 
34,497 
68,133 
6,785 
10,609 

1,014,612 



131,442 
87,497 



22,273 



46 
14,804 
7,423 

35 ,499 



7,445 
5,814 
8,718 
1,105 
2,346 
5,254 
982 
647 
3,188 

31,551 



10,180 
2,621 
4,635 

11,295 
2,820 

19,258 



8,494 
3,258 
5,711 
1,795 

79,051 

33,159 



4,435 
7,777 
15,176 
5,771 

23.948 



18,788 
5,160 



6,344 



3,300,702 2^'j33^8 



Full 
workweek 



(Number) 



699,286 
315,326 



23,407 
107,878 



9,870 
56,609 
41,399 

218,412 



40,035 

36,040 

78,113 

6,962 

8,574 

23,466 

7,860 

6,516 

10,846 

159,557 



67,443 
17,993 
12,832 
52,710 
8,579 

276,774 



214,060 

22,052 

34,810 

5,852 

243,066 

227.682 



71,212 
45,257 
57,887 
53,326 

171,901 



153,591 
18,310 



5,544 


42,903 


1,065 


3,623 


7,850 


34,818 


7,924 


34,248 


2,365 


14,154 


3,957 


8,388 


9,940 


24,174 


6,926 


9,489 


3,003 


3,686 


5,960 


10,249 


2,405 


8,820 


402 


2,035 


282 


2,804 


1,085 


5,594 


728 


3,457 


6,987 


22,556 



416,362 

3'7,827 

228,222 

23,366 

9,215 

15,034 

29,431 

54,655 

4,259 

7,3.53 

809,367 



565,869 
243,518 



17,463 



7,963 
42,292 
26,072 

167.484 



31,396 
26,490 
61,075 
4,859 
6,227 
17,618 
6,360 
5,748 
7,711 

140.212 



60,878 
15,889 
10,506 
45,847 
7,092 

260,472 



204,920 
19,605 

31,013 
4,934 

186,573 

200.296 



62,922 
39,147 
49,150 
49,077 

123,103 



110,459 
12,644 



190,723 



35,435 
2,614 
29,693 
29,997 
10,862 
6,542 
17,498 
7,340 
5,206 
6,843 
7,104 
1,740 
2,613 
4,774 
4,737 
17,670 



Stores operated entire year with annual sales of — 



$500,000 or more 



Number 



6,357 



1^061 

48 

801 

64 

7 
5 
114 
5 
14 
3 



124 

11 



71 

60 

118 



131 
24 
7 
56 
19 

2,619 



2,077 

488 

26 

28 

33 



373 
22 

40 

151 



48 

1 

537 

10 

551 



326 
43 
13 
8 
3 
30 
3 
2 
7 



Sales, entire 
year 



{Thoiuand 
dollar s) 



Pay roll, 
entire year 



(Thousdnd 
dolla Ti) 



5,192,7 27 



824j693 
36,030 
615,506 
49,279 

4,866 

2,773 
99,582 

3,413 
11,300 

1,944 

100,878 



93,060 
7,818 



24,355 
157,77 3 



^Ti) 
(x) 
4,399 

244,658 



426,179 

_65,_724 

2,269 

40,605 

3,334 

604 

370 

17,119 

692 

363 

368 

26,211 



8,944 

1,464 

58 

1,078 

100 

9 

6 

175 

9 

23 

6 

257 



24,196 
2,013 



53,011 
55,506 
110,264 

4,072 
9,715 

(x) 
9,822 

(x) 

216,094 



134,305 
18,758 
4,674 
42,643 
15,714 

2,179,431 



1,740,3.54 

393,726 

18,252 

21,649 

(X) 

450,953 



290,972 
16,978 
29,712 

113,291 



33,124 

w 

473,653 

(x) 
457,431 



78,304 

271,353 
32,369 
10,875 
6,365 
2,346 
34,552 
(x) 
(x) 
4,964 

(x)'" 
6,733 



(x) 
378 

31,158 



6,654 
6,318 
14,658 

456 
1,124 

(x) 
1,371 

(x) 

26,224 



17.497 

2,629 

1,013 

4,162 

923 

173,197 



159,323 

10,723 
2,145 
1,006 

(x) 

41,040 



27,255 
3,126 
2,952 
7,707 

3,695 



(X) 



7,501 
(X) 



27,221 



6,882 

10,244 

4,237 

1,687 

654 

349 

1,122 

(x) 

(x) 

324 

(X)'" 
522 

179 



Unincorporated 
businesses 



Active pro- 
prietors, 
November 

(Numb er) 



243 

14 



Unpaid 

family 

workers, 

November 

(Xumbcr) 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 




(X) 



142 
130 
205 



(x) 
(x) 



350 
41 
10 
95 
24 

3,867 



3,125 

653 

50 

39 

(X) 



567 
33 
79 

243 



(X) 



(x) 



429 
83 
13 
14 

11 



(x) 
(x) 



(x) 



1^ 

(x) 



(X) 

(x) 



353 
119 



(x) 



(X) 



(x) 



(X) 
(x) 



(x) 



Total 



(Number) 



164,283 



11,771 
754 



1,148 
12,071 



"TJ) 
(x) 



15.373 



2,431 
3,406 
8,257 

239 
433 

(X) 
462 

(x) 

6,666 



5,804 
750 
431 

1,345 
336 

54,705 



50,736 

2,961 

732 

274 

(x) 

14,148 



9,419 

927 

1,169 

2,633 

1,608 



"TIT 
(x) 

5,095 

(X) 

10,423 



2,371 

4,351 

1,431 

806 

234 

129 

410 

(x) 

(x) 

231 



(x) 



181 
'83 



Full 
workweek 

( Number) 



9,991 

701 



7^ 

(X) 



2,087 
2,640 
6,823 

rw 

339 
(X) 

437 
(X) 

8,404 



5,605 
731 
431 

1,310 
327 

53,399 



49,589 

2,816 

729 

265 

(x) 

13.390 



3,626 

881 

1,091 

2,590 

1,418 



"TIT 
(x) 

4,610 

(x) 

9.659 



2,184 

4,090 

1,363 

645 

203 

99 

398 

(I) 

(») 

230 



(x) 



178 



See footnote at end of table. 



2.20 



RETAIL TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2D.— SALES SIZE OF STORES WITH LEGAL FORM OTHER THAN CORPORATION- 

OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 
Stores, Sales, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



-UNITED STATES, BY KIND 



Stcres operated entire year widi annual sales of — 



$300,000, to M99.999 



Kind of business 



Number 



Sales, entire 
year 



(Thousand 
doltdTi) 



Pay roll, 
entire year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Umncorporated 
businesses 



Active pro- 
prietors, 
November 

(T^umber) 



Unpaid 

family 

workers, 

November 

dumber) 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



Total 
P^umbeir) 



FuU 
workweek 

Plumber) 



$100,000 to $299,999 



Sales, entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Pay roll, 
entire year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Unincorpoiated 
businesses 



Active pro- 
phetors, 
November 

(Number) 



Unpaid 

faxoily 

workers, 

November 

(Numb er) 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended, 
nearest Nov. 15 



Total 



(Number) 



Full 
workweek 



(Number) 



United States, total 



Food group 

Grocery stores, without firesh meat. . 
Grocery stores, with fresh meat .... 

Meat markets, fish markets 

Fruit stores, vegetable markets 

Candy, nut, confectionery stores . . . , 
Dairy products stores, milk dealers . . 

Bakery products stores 

Egg, poultry dealers 

/UI other food stores 



Eating and drinking places. 

Eating places 

Drinkmg places 



Genera] stores. 



Genera] tnerchandise group 

Department stores 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores . 
Variety stores 



Apparel group 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores . 

Family clothing stores 

Women's ready-to-wear stores 

Millinery stores 

Other apparel accessory, specialty stores . 

Shoe stores 

Custom tailors 

Furriers, fur shops 

All other apparel stores 



Furniture, furnishings, appliance group 

Furniture stores 

Floor covcnng, drapery stores 

Other home fntimishing stores 

Household appliance stores 

Radio stores 



Automotive group 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers. 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

All other automotive dealers 



Gasoline service stations . 



Lumber, building, hardware group. 

Lumber yards, building materials dealers . 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers 



Drug and proprietary stores. 

Drug stores 

Proprietary stores 



Liquor stores 

Second-hand stores. 



Otiier retail stores 

Fuel, fiiel oil dealers 

Ice dealers 

Feed, farm, garden supply stores 

Jewelry stores 

Book, stationery stores 

Sporting goods stores, bicycle stores 

IHonsts 

Cigar stores and stands 

News dealers, newsstands 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores 

Music stores 

Luggage, leather goods stores 

Optical goods stores 

Camera, photographic supply stores 

Office, store machine ana equipment dealers . 
All other retail stores 



■i, 919, 857 



416,351 



3,710 



176,293 



2,492 



931,904 



132 

1,868 

217 

25 

16 

170 

18 

38 

8 



48,760 

698,052 

80,709 

9,515 

6,325 
64,376 

6,863 
14,079 

3,225 

143,596 



66,154 



353 
33 



95 
283 



131,346 
12,250 



35,840 
106,099 



2,971 
43,600 

5,U4 
728 
954 

9,950 

1,610 
726 
481 

36,776 



3,331 



Is? 

2,449 
320 
39 
17 
257 
33 
51 
11 

588 



36 

783 

66 

1 



29,391 



33,570 
3,206 



546 
42 



7517 

20,728 

1,941 

306 

340 

3,606 

664 

320 

269 

19,356 



18,236 

1,120 



1,528 
6,748 



28 
234 

21 



192 

136 

240 

1 

9 

42 

6 

23 

16 



10,889 
87,748 
7,462 

247,949 



70,832 
51,262 
90,634 
(x) 

M 

15,266 

(x) 
8,085 
(x) 

301,938 



1,368 
8,347 
1,007 

28,834 



14 
243 
42 

4,583 



3,638 
783 
98 



170,425 
20,910 
4,942 
89,732 
15,929 

1,734,253 



7,610 

5,208 
10,778 
(X) 
(x) 

2,131 
(x) 

1,570 
(x) 

33,522 



441 
27 

1,105 



3 

102 

6 



930 

4,899 

919 

14,250 



322 
261 
363 
(x) 
(x) 

71 
(x) 

35 
(x) 

1,290 



(x) 
(x) 



(x) 
(x) 



1,379,205 

294,550 

36,476 

24,022 

53,562 

652,523 



19,067 
2,698 
745 
9,923 
1,089 

128,337 



834 
100 
189 
624 



314,484 
36,944 
69,229 

231,866 

69,267 



113,888 
8,562 
4,518 
1,369 

4,325 

58,040 



782 
87 
27 

340 
54 

6,051 



161 
5 
3 
54 
13 



3,029 
2,991 
6,176 
(x) 
Cx) 

903 
(x) 

450 
(x) 

11,708 



28,766 
6,472 
6,491 

16,311 

8,682 



784?" 
981 
143 
79 



2,592 



767 
148 
23 
22 



6,746 
877 
272 

3,423 
390 

48,977 



466 
25 



1,214 



(x) 
(x) 

179,305 

9,120 

454,501 



1 

670 

101 

38 

19 

6 
40 

2 

4 
27 

6 

3 
18 

5 



96,705 

(x) 
251,909 

37,418 

14,022 
6,94S 
2,242 

15,613 

(!) 

(X) 
9,562 
2,145 

(x) 
6,665 
1,872 
5,881 



(x) 
(x) 



31,326 



1,224 
141 
323 

904 

251 



241 
20 
48 

184 



44,061 

2,872 

1,602 

442 

1,982 

22,811 



11,470 
2,104 
2,770 
6,467 



^^0 

Cx) 

162 

35 

1,656 



(X) 



3,515 
(X) 
9,395 
5,745 
2,064 
745 
472 
769 
(x) 
(x) 
1,315 
222 
(x) 
775 
328 
507 



(x) 



363 
) 

865 
162 
53 
33 



(X) 
2,573 
301 
12,572 



(x) 



226 

34 



(x) 
(x) 



(x) 



(x) 
(x) 



(x) 



3,314 

(x) 
4,241 
1,762 
984 
289 
186 
308 

(x) 

(x) 
537 
125 

(x) 
293 
137 
193 



159,448 



119,890 13,833,049 



48,592 



792,799 



24,186 



1,000 
16,439 

1,644 
274 
325 

3,407 
558 
270 
269 

17,045 



33,225 



16,038 
1,007 



1,309 



2,860 
24,130 

3,128 
403 
134 

1,233 
531 
436 
320 

7,388 



5,537 
1,851 



1,312 
2,809 



719 

4,042 

589 

11,880 



2,564 
2,424 
5,146 
(x) 
(x) 

750 
(x) 

433 
(x) 

11,142 



10 
2,326 

473 

8,449 



6,455 
828 
258 

3,223 
378 

47,290 



2,515 

1,526 

2,662 

19 

224 

925 

106 

223 

249 

8,317 



,356 
577 
223 
2,760 
396 

18,912 



42,630 

2,695 

1,539 

426 

1,794 

21,408 



13,827 

3,370 

1,218 

497 

5,231 

14,910 



10,522 
2,012 
2,619 
6,255 

3,599 



4,590 
1,305 
3,208 
5,807 

5,454 



2,406 

235 

11,754 



5,281 
173 

3,522 

233 

10,123 



3,095 

(X) 
3,977 
1,717 
862 
273 
166 
287 

(x) 

(x) 
480 
109 

(x) 
285 
116 
192 



5,435 

26 
3,866 
1,065 
429 
311 
233 
313 
163 

69 
354 

96 

54 
248 
107 
294 



5,051,063 



415,655 
3,685,605 

475,697 
60,332 
19,911 

201,189 
30,865 
66,682 
45,132 

1,081,294 



301,094 



43,532 



825,796 
255,498 



197,622 
432,463 



21,133 
191,567 

23,637 
5,043 
2,515 

25,135 

19,872 
3,262 
3,930 

254,911 



200,209 
54,702 



10,347 
37,065 



3,782 
31,340 

4,110 
595 
166 

1,610 
331 
567 
481 

10,102 



7,743 
2,359 



2,525 

364,170 

65,763 



381,640 

236,271 

414,322 

(x) 

(X) 

135,623 

15,659 

35,743 

35,212 

1,297,010 



336 

28,664 

8,065 

126,747 



693,600 
90,719 
34,622 

415,526 
62,543 

3,349,301 



33,509 
20,155 
42,156 
(x) 
(x) 

14,534 
3,939 
5,753 
3,312 

129,766 



17 

3,103 

511 

11,354 



3,558 

2,094 

3,445 

(X) 

(x) 

1,195 

148 

316 

331 

11,079 



2,499,196 
531,705 
185,578 
32,822 

730,130 

2,431,517 



63,115 
13,510 

6,004 
42,385 

4,752 

248,214 



199,167 
23,351 
21,633 

, 4,013 

63,378 
205,609 



6,069 
783 
323 

3,400 
504 

25,663 



17,330 

6,201 

1,537 

595 

6,108 

20,153 



795,389 
194,919 
482,366 
958,843 

778, 2U 



70,010 
33,278 
40,357 
61,964 

87,079 



754,499 
23,712 

541,030 

36,750 

1,617,069 



395,294 

(x) 
646,755 
163,999 
65,071 
47,288 
33,007 
51,028 
23,473 
(x) 

53,443 
14,880 
8,112 
39,283 
16,480 
45,360 



84,957 
2,122 

25,515 

4,634 

128,830 



5,931 
1,320 
4,732 
7,670 

6,709 



33,775 

(X) 

26,093 

20,711 
9,072 
3,995 
5,781 
2,857 
1,887 

(x) 
5,878 
1,679 
2,023 
4,237 
2,602 
6,339 



6,516 
193 

3,330 

319 

12,849 



3,120 

(x) 

4,622 

1,511 

555 

423 

358 

417 

213 

(x) 

431 

129 

75 

327 

129 

403 



13,971 



1,397 
15,020 
946 
164 
50 
658 
334 
222 
180 

2,487 



154,515 



2,008 
479 



10,506 
105,510 

11,476 
2,347 
1,328 

10,726 
9,068 
1,745 
1,809 

143,215 



117,514 
25,701 



6,807 
26,438 



5 

1,228 

185 

3,134 



270 
18,881 
7,287 

65,520 



(x) 
(x) 
262 

11 
87 
89 

2,981 



1,625 

144 

82 

993 

137 

5,663 



13,885 
13,206 
25,003 
(x) 
(x) 
6,002 
1,401 
2,232 
2,003 

52.322 



3,827 

1,237 

384 

215 

1,496 

5,103 



26,120 
4,880 
2,419 

16,909 
1,994 

107,067 



87,093 
9,699 
8,753 
1,522 

31,320 

88,228 



1,403 

410 

1,297 

1,993 

2,027 



1,965 
62 

810 

65 

3,568 



30,249 
11,938 
18,597 
27,444 

48,136 



757 

U) 

1,554 

353 

130 

121 

99 

121 

63 

(X) 

126 

23 

11 

76 

26 

73 



46,913 
1,223 

10,324 

1,875 

57^032 



U,86J 

(x) 

13,086 

7,723 

4,254 

1,723 

2,496 

1,348 

1,249 

(x) 

2,459 

763 

667 

1,840 

989 

2,600 



See footnote at end of table. 



SALES SIZE 



2.21 



Table 2D.— SALES SIZE OF STORES WITH LEGAL FORM OTHER THAN CORPORATION- 

OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 

Stores. Sales, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



-UNITED STATES, BY KIND 



Stcrcs operated entire year with annual sales of — 



$50,000 to $99,999 



Kind of business 



United Sutn, total 

Food ftroup 

Gnxcry stores, without fresh meat . . . 

Grocery stores, with fresh meat 

Meat markets, fish markets 

Fruit stores, vegetable markets 

Candy, nut, confectionery stores 

Dairy products stores, nulk dealers . . . 

Bakery products stores 

EgK, poultry dealers 

ST other food stores 

Eating and drinking places 

Eating places 

DnnkintJ places 

General stores 

General merchandise group 

Department stores 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores 
Variety stores 

Apparel group 

Men's, boys' clothing, fiimishings 

Family clothing stores 

Women's teady-to-wear stores 

Millinery stores 

Other apparel accessory, specialty stores .... 

Shoe stores 

Custom tailors 

Fumers, fiir shops 

All other apparel stores 

Furniture, furnishings, appliance group 

Furniture stores 

Floor covering, drapery stores 

Other home nimishing stores 

Household appliance stores 

Radio stores - 

AutomotlTe group 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

All other automotive dealers 

Gasoline service stations 

Lumber, building, hardware group 

Lumber yards, building materials dealers 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers 

Drug and proprietary stores 

Drug stores 

Proprietary stores 

Liquor stores 

Second-hand stores. 

Other retail stores 

Fuel, fuel oil dealers 

Ice dealers 

Feed, farm, garden supply stores 

Jewelry stores 

Book, stationery stores 

Sporting goods stores, bicycle stores 

fHorists 

Cigar stores and stands 

News dealers, newsstands 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores 

Music stores 

Luggage, leather goods stores 

Optical goods stores 

Camera, photographic supply stores 

Office, store machine ana equipment dealers . 
All other retail stores 



73 ,031 



10,407 
46,?70 

1,329 
9W 

l,85i 

2,610 
917 

1,728 

30,082 



16,568 
13, 5M 



6,211 



4,261 
1,950 



16,660 



4,545 

2,270 

4,587 

188 

746 

2,721 

321 

340 

942 

12,863 



5,254 
1,217 

716 
4,981 

695 

11.717 



5,076 

2,926 

2,994 

721 

26,594 

17,162 



2,991 
3,094 
6,973 
4,104 

13.886 



12,376 
1,510 

7,813 

734 

17,976 



3,482 
81 

3,778 

2,484 
732 
883 

1,189 
934 
634 
452 
646 
157 
145 
445 
413 

1,521 



Sales, entire 
year 



(Thousdnd 
dollars) 



5.061.478 



701,064 
3,234,661 

487,686 
88,685 
61,664 

Ul,252 

176,572 
63,698 

116,196 

2.003,770 



1,125,199 
878,571 



299,261 
U2,165 



317,490 
162,088 
321,421 
12,367 
50,942 
187,951 
21,575 
23,837 
64,267 

911,283 



376,302 
85,682 
48,854 

351,851 
48,594 

858,819 



387,026 
212,706 
208,334 
50,753 

1,785,832 



219,573 
216,266 
487,911 
307,952 

970.609 



867,125 
103,484 

540,927 

50,965 

1,256,932 



247,680 
5,702 

274,742 

171,068 
51,140 
60,296 
80,150 
62,869 
42,666 
30,252 
44,902 
11,415 
10,143 
30,851 
29,090 

103,966 



P»y roll, 
entire year 



(Thousand 
dolbrs) 



1,359,782 



236,699 



22 
119 

23 
5 
5 

12 

38 
2 
6 



971 
096 
094 

,970 
847 

,104 
702 

,657 
258 



374,555 



227,336 
147,219 



8,412 
32,891 



18,994 
13,897 



94,741 



21,3^6 
11,786 
26,985 
1,751 
4,317 
15,952 
4,320 
3,343 
4,961 

80,654 



29,616 
10,841 

6,714 
29,722 

3,761 

55,737 



30,949 
1,680 

19,886 
3,222 

140,481 

103,677 



20,181 
30,325 
34,609 
18,062 

93.822 



84,332 
9,490 

22,757 

5,958 

109,398 



19,994 
971 

10,768 

19,859 
5,399 
4,146 

12,412 
3,746 
2,726 
2,870 
3,715 
1,038 
2,110 
2,657 
4,145 

12,842 



Unincorporated 
businesses 



Active pro- 
prietors, 
November 

(Mumbcr) 



282,605 



87,385 



12,533 
54,456 
8,389 
1,820 
1,238 
2,314 
3,376 
1,086 
2,173 

38,553 



21,879 
16,674 



4,106 
6,923 



4,993 
1,930 



19,467 



5,589 

2,693 

5,138 

185 

809 

3,031 

403 

455 

1,164 

15,877 



6,532 
1,578 

930 
5,982 

855 

11,743 



6,002 

1,380 

3,542 

819 

30,940 

21,224 



3,347 
3,955 
8,965 
4,957 

15.655 



13,975 
,680 



8,138 



21,622 



4,005 

90 

4,233 

3,090 

911 

1,128 

1,554 

1,202 

731 

572 

780 

214 

170 

520 

505 

1,917 



Unpaid 

(atnily 

workers, 

November 

( Number) 



50,367 



7,315 
34,938 

2,571 
639 
539 

1,059 

1,545 
596 

1,165 

12,701 



8,155 
4,546 



3,202 



2,426 
776 



6,121 



1,614 

1,233 

1,518 

52 

273 

887 

58 

99 

387 

5,415 



2,205 
400 
243 

2,318 
249 

3,133 



1,784 
97 
948 
304 

7,380 

6,575 



980 
1,097 
2,867 
1,631 

5.550 



,896 
654 



7,049 



1,225 

27 

1,846 

854 

250 

333 

569 

397 

287 

177 

246 

50 

16 

168 

111 

493 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



Total 
(Number) 



825,326 



156,748 



16,681 
87,922 
11,692 
3,436 
4,417 
6,816 
20,235 
1,877 
3,672 

236,893 



158,653 
78,240 



28,196 



14,746 
13,450 



57,277 



11,230 
9,073 

18,552 
1,074 
2,546 
8,307 
1,705 
1,557 
3,233 

40,507 



15,418 
4,794 
3,186 

15,168 
1,941 

28,539 



16,332 

876 

9,865 

1,466 

79,062 

53,465 



10,370 
13,569 
19,494 
10,032 

65.002 



57,902 
7,100 



2,717 



58,573 



11,034 
472 
6,898 
8,930 
3,280 
2,188 
6,492 
2,152 
2,507 
1,915 
2,098 
503 
762 
1,452 
1,876 
6,019 



Full 
workweek 



(Number) 



114,954 



11,392 
62,124 
9,051 
2,621 
3,315 
5,514 
16,982 
1,189 
2,766 

199,291 



134,538 
64,753 



19,717 



10,800 
8,917 



43,804 



8,441 
6,537 
14,410 
861 
1,986 
6,192 
1,480 
1,379 
2,518 

35,310 



13,449 
4,290 
2,823 

13,085 
1,663 

25,608 



14,854 

774 

3,755 

1,225 

62,960 

45,752 



8,754 
11,890 
16,461 

8,647 

46.326 



41,181 
5,145 

9,071 

2,380 

47,956 



8,991 
409 
5,354 
7,887 
2,576 
1,774 
5,277 
1,656 
1,519 
1,453 
1,692 
446 
731 
1,213 
1,704 
5,274 



$30,000 to $49,999 



254,058 



74,751 



16,610 
40,530 
5,469 
1,828 
2,326 
1,649 
3,455 
842 
2,042 

52,038^ 
23,217 
28,821 



3,940 
2,595 



15.031 



3,545 

1,871 

4,134 

361 

848 

2,463 

374 

334 

1,101 

10,123 



3,493 
1,022 

902 
3,933 

773 

6,592 



1,572 

1,462 

2,968 

590 

36,171 

11,821 



1,353 

3,021 
6,042 
1,405 

11.309 



9,424 
1,785 



1,051 
18,606 



2,496 

166 

2,199 

3,014 

827 

1,091 

1,837 

1,478 

891 

847 

696 

175 

198 

441 

377 

1,873 



Sales, entire 
year 



(Tfiousaud 
dollars) 



9,821,808 



2,895,136 



633,603 
1,583,961 

213,425 
69,470 
86,967 
63,534 

132,874 
32,448 
78,854 

1,984,356 

887,917 

1,096,439 

140,834 

252,880 



11,386 

34, 
7,571 
3,296 
6,208 
4,541 

25,125 
1,129 
2,468 

2 98,180 



152,717 
100,163 



585.200 



138,639 
73,524 

160,795 
13,729 
32,750 
95,778 
14,255 
13,151 
42,579 

393,276 



136,354 
39,724 
34,242 

153,238 
29,718 

260,436 



63,549 
58,116 
115,673 
23,098 

1,396,551 

463,099 



53,897 
117,300 
235,399 

56,503 

439.795 



370,935 
68,860 

254,029 

40,123 

716.093 



97,853 

6,249 

86,374 

115,855 

31,681 

41,685 

70,181 

56,128 

34,217 

31,717 

26,443 

6,891 

7,658 

16,906 

14,600 

71,650 



Pay roll, 
entire year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



96,532 



151,335 
146,845 



3,293 
16,068 



7,499 
8,569 



39.748 



7,293 
4,022 
11,272 
1,896 
2,190 
6,507 
2,642 
1,505 
2,421 

32,256 



9,433 
4,766 
3,999 
11,663 
2,395 

19,973 



5,536 
2,247 
10,627 
1,563 

33,984 

35,515 



5,222 
14,139 
12,880 

3,274 

34.549 



29,521 
5,028 



4,710 
59.811 



Unincorporated 
businesses 



Active pro- 
prietors, 
November 

XNumber) 

287,170 



82.928 



18,256 
44,434 
6,007 
2,326 
2,751 
1,806 
4,065 
922 
2,361 

62,212 



28,163 
34,049 



6,832 



4,320 
2,512 



16,411 



3,990 

2,005 

4,455 

337 

902 

2,589 

433 

418 

1,282 

11,791 



4,063 
1,240 
1,115 
4,496 
877 

7,527 



1,817 

1,668 

3,368 

674 

40,609 

13,747 



1,411 
3,589 
7,144 
1,603 

11 -910 



7,238 
1,010 
3,103 
12,393 
2,662 
2,375 
8,867 
2,771 
1,805 
2,639 
1,871 
531 
1,331 
1,237 
1,930 
8,043 



9,985 
1,925 



6,530 
1,289 



21,386 



2,742 

183 

2,312 

3,481 

987 

1,343 

2,238 

1,677 

976 

991 

814 

202 

213 

522 

454 

2,251 



Unpaid 

family 

workers, 

November 

Qiumbcrl^ 

147,697 



_6i,394 
14,326 
36,236 

2,415 
1,200 
1,618 
1,031 
2,406 
538 
1,624 

27,52 9 



14,360 
13,169 



2,633 
1,503 



6,435 



1,495 

1,146 

1,526 

97 

363 

1,072 

81 

130 

525 

5,055 



1,716 
430 
434 

2,131 
344 

2,44 2 



654 

380 

1,149 

259 

13,147 
5,725 



484 
1,373 
3,196 

672 

6.059 , 



4,983 
1,076 



2,991 



8.855 



1,044 
71 

1,184 

1,272 
352 
540 

1,160 
337 
529 
420 
309 
64 
33 
186 
147 
707 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



Total 
(Number) 



517.372 



77,508 

10,703 

32,830 

4,745 

2,355 

5,515 

3,170 

15,365 

968 

1,857 

_2g9,503 
121,673 
87,830 



6,909 
9,490 



28,102 



4,578 
3,857 
8,916 
1,290 
1,547 
3,919 
1,147 
898 
1,950 

16,674 



5,306 
2,430 
2,164 
6,943 
1,331 

11,330 



3,215 

1,345 

5,924 

646 

56,425 

20,664 



3,212 
7,303 
8,156 
1,993 

29.772 



25,094 
4,678 



37.748 



4,991 

499 

2,306 

6,387 

2,032 

1,536 

5,732 

1,766 

2,070 

2,049 

1,299 

307 

536 

767 

1,031 

4,420 



Full 
workweek 



(Number) 



389,822 



-5 2,250 



6,417 

20,643 

3,401 

1,610 

3,573 

2,303 

12,311 

545 

1,247 

1 68,230 

100,057 
68,173 

2,243 

10,456 



4,673 
5,733 



20,025 



3,303 

2,498 

6,329 

974 

1,051 

2,807 

986 

724 

1,353 

15,151 



4,707 
2,069 
1,731 
5,601 
1,043 

9,709 



2,346 

1,033 

5,096 

679 

41,865 

16,504 



2,497 
6,068 
6,355 
1,584 

18.620 



15,520 
3,100 



2,OT8 
26,557 



3,569 

428 

1,589 

5,430 

1,480 

1,139 

4,214 

1,364 

1,188 

1,435 

982 

235 

494 

599 

890 

3,521 



2.22 RETAIL TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 

Table 2D.— SALES SIZE OF STORES WITH LEGAL FORM OTHER THAN CORPORATION- 

OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 

Stores, Sales, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



-UNITED STATES, BY KIND 



i 

I 



Kind of business 



Stores operated entire year with annual Bales of^ 



$20,000 to $29,999 



Sales, entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Pay roll, 
entire year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active pro- 
pnetors, 
November 

(Number) 



Unincorporated 
businesses 



Unpaid 

family 

workers, 

November 

(Number) 



Fiiid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



Total 
(Number) 



Full 
workweek 

(Number) 



$10,000 to $19,999 



Number 



Sales, entire 
year 



(Thousand 
doltdrs) 



Ply roll, 
entire year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Unincorporated 
businesses 



Active pro- 
prietors, 
November 

(Number) 



Unpaid 

family 

workers, 

November 

(Number) 



I^d employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



Total 
(Number) 



Full 
i/orkwedc 



(Number) 



United Sutea, total 



Food group 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat. 
Grocery stores, with fresh meat. . . . 

Meat markets, 6sh markets 

Fmit stores, vegetable markets 

Candy, nut, confectionery stores. . . 
Dairy products stores, milk dealers . , 

Bakery products stores 

Egg, poultry dealers 

AU other food stores 



Eating and drinking places. 

Eating places 

Drinking places 



General stores. 



Generat merchandise group 

Department stores 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores . 
Vanety stores 



Apparel group 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores . 

Family clothing stores 

Women's rcady-tO'wear stores 

Millinery stores 

Other apparel accessory, specialty stores . 

Shoe stores 

Custom tailors 

Furriers, fur shops 

All other apparel stores 



Furniture, furnishings, appliance group 

Furniture stores 

Floor covering, drapery stores 

Other home lumishing stores 

Household apphance stores 

Radio stores 



Automotive group 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers. 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

All other automotive dealers 



Gasoline service stations . 



Lumber, building, hardware group. 

Lumber yards, building matenals dealers . 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers 



Drug and proprietary stores. 

Drug stores 

Proprietary stores 



Liquor stores 

Second-hand stores. 



Other retail stores 

Fuel, fuel oil dealers 

Ice dealers 

Feed, farm, garden supply stores. 

Jewelry stores 

Book, stationery stores . 



Sportmg goods stores, bicycle stores 

Florists 

Cigar stores and stands 

News dealers, newsstands 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores 

Music stores 

Luggage, leather goods stores 

Optical goods stores 

Camera, photographic supply stores 

Office, store machine ana equipment dealers . 
All other retail stores 



192,110 



248,311 



177, -too 



239,189 



182,678 



252,696 



168,249 



180,915 



120.132 



55,013 



16,553 
24,296 
3,219 
1,735 
3,277 
1,120 
2,342 
618 
1,353 

48,795 



401,996 
600,257 
78,833 
41,735 
79,271 
27,568 
69,846 
15,007 
33,044 



35,371 



58,424 



47,152 



33,181, 



22,046 
26,749 



537,983 
657,628 



4,466 

9,075 

2,170 

1,374 

4,244 

■ 1,574 

11,267 

447 

754 

140,804 



75,886 
64,913 



5,696 



17,449 
25,488 
3,418 
2,015 
3,538 
1,154 
3,221 
620 
1,471 

55,488 



25,257 
30,231 



4,775 



14,775 

22,432 

1,609 

1,241 

2,609 

768 

2,222 

458 

1,038 

32,436 



16,253 
16,233 



3,226 



5,322 

9,994 
1,596 
1,245 
4,310 
1,423 
3,151 
433 
706 

118,324 



20,357 



68,679 



2,858 
5,900 
1,053 

74A 
2,646 

939 
6,078 

201 

438 

88,740 



27,604 

22,438 

3,066 

2,752 

6,183 

977 

3,409 

713 

1,537 

63,515 



1,004,785 



21,17^. 



70,550 



397,029 
336,830 
44,806 
39,470 
88,625 
14,514 
50,614 
(X) 
(x) 

935,630 



3,168 
4,729 
1,125 

315 
3,123 

943 
6,302 
(X) 

(X) 

83,306 



23,012 

23,041 
3,139 
2,940 
6,461 
942 
3,533 

(x) 

(x) 

69,381 



58,385 



23,285 



24,477 

20,597 
1,650 
2,064 
4,961 
712 
2,811 

(x) 

(x) 

49,976 



4,385 
5,635 
1,002 
894 
4,040 
881 
5,522 
(X) 
(x) 

88,949 



13,586 



71,764 
46,560 



1,415 
6,394 



55,479 
33,261 



32,579 
30,936 



475,389 
460,241 

51,284 

37,224 



53,463 
29,343 



3,110 



35,799 
33,582 



26,631 
23,345 



3,417 
4,116 



61,194 
27,755 

824 

4,024 



2,234 

3,251 
599 
483 

2,100 
557 

3,842 
(x) 

(X) 

61,193 



43,112 
18,081 



10,520 



2,127 

1,104 

2,845 

511 

757 

1,629 

389 

247 

911 

7,205 



67,163 
46,428 



257,813 



2,030 
780 
966 

2,639 
790 

3,895 



52,305 
27,045 
69,911 
12,325 
13,565 
39,972 
9,445 
6,063 
22,182 

176,636 



2,473 
3,223 



15,504 



2,960 
1,815 



11,263 



49,884 
19,104 
23,393 
65,031 
19,274 

96,295 



2,115 
1,181 
3,980 
1,683 
1,123 
1,984 
1,639 
616 
1,128 

12,971 



3,073 
1,995 
2,326 
4,232 
1,345 

7,767 



2,307 

1,164 

3,032 

496 

854 

1,690 

441 

268 

1,011 

3,118 



2,059 
1,167 

4,363 



2,274 

919 

1,138 

2,905 

882 

4,331 



1,019 
771 

1,121 
121 
346 
826 
107 
92 
465 

3,946 



2,552 
3,842 



12,431 



1,536 

1,239 

3,740 

1,249 

904 

1,427 

863 

423 

1,045 

8,510 



1,590 
2,294 

8,466 



3,746 
2,189 



13,065 



1,099 
764 

2,413 
901 
636 
934 
696 
332 
693 

6,532 



2,095 
1,157 
3,225 
1,230 

1,115 

1,870 

364 

279 

1,230 

9,114 



54,714 
32,510 



191,140 



1,161 
382 
450 

1,558 
395 

1,558 



2,195 

1,190 

1,404 

2,891 

330 

4,736 



1,690 

942 

1,082 

2,175 

643 

3,896 



2,194 
952 
1,780 
2,908 
1,280 

4.296 



31,361 
16,973 
47,617 
17,494 
15,978 
27,593 
12,140 
4,110 
17,874 

133,176 



1,568 
1,542 



10,340 



32,565 
13,910 
25,255 
42,947 
18,499 

63.102 



1,045 

576 

2,099 

1,906 

705 

1,011 

1,934 

363 

701 

8,706 



3,884 
2,225 



13,708 



2,174 
1,189 
3,474 
1,226 
1,197 
1,925 
903 
292 
1,328 

9,940 



2,618 
1,493 

5,878 



531 

867 

2,085 

412 

25,844 

7,298 



652 
2,200 
3,870 

576 

5,872 



13,336 
21,421 
51,380 
10,158 

635,519 

179,776 



4,565 
1,307 

3,429 

1,063 

15 ,763 



16,216 
53,977 
95,231 
14,352 

145,333 



,397 
974 

,762 
634 



12,005 



113,153 
32,180 

85,175 

25,304 

384,214 



,795 

5,452 

3,860 

898 

8,572 



588 

976 

2,312 

455 

27,769 

8,194 



224 
229 
913 
192 

11,890 

4,085 



711 
2,509 
4,320 

654 

6,023 



1,490 

183 

1,229 

2,538 

645 

1,021 

1,861 

1,595 

721 

1,024 

632 

144 

135 

298 

291 

1,906 



36,393 

4,362 

30,151 

62,022 

15,630 

24,924 

45,144 

33,657 

17,522 

24,859 

15,405 

3,522 

4,508 

7,304 

7,021 

46,290 



6,849 
1,723 



2,669 
2,854 



28,507 



2,527 

770 

1,115 

5,396 

1,093 

1,257 

4,432 

1,494 

710 

1,755 

973 

212 

630 

486 

335 

4,822 



4,639 
1,334 

3,332 

1,262 

17,412 



296 
1,207 
2,293 

289 

3,648 



907 

609 

2,830 

390 

22,300 

8,075 



1,582 

182 

1,300 

2,820 

712 

1,153 

2, 167 

1,701 

753 

1,169 

709 

159 

189 

326 

335 

2,130 



2,710 
933 



1,787 



8,549 



1,209 

3,386 

2,899 

581 

8,589 



778 

481 

2,321 

316 

15,604 

6,033 



915 
2,606 
2,076 

436 

4,976 



360 

919 

2,498 

519 

29,100 

7,794 



(x) 
36,568 
7,607 

(x) 

114,908 



1,996 
1,342 
1,745 
2,539 
1,084 

4.903 



697 
2,593 
4,009 

495 

4,747 



6,597 
1,992 



2,020 



20,581 



641 

85 

731 

1,302 

319 

535 

1,392 

1,038 

458 

5U 

323 

79 

39 

150 

112 

832 



2,123 
461 
391 

3,222 
966 
366 

3,473 

1,070 
943 

1,609 
726 
127 
266 
335 
507 

2,996 



3,764 

1,212 



1,364 
14.741 



3,407 
1,340 



2,737 
2,367 



24,287 



10,362 

38,206 

59,015 

7,325 

72,045 



(x) 

3,175 

440 

(x) 

6.660 



2,348 
1,063 
2,061 
3,103 
1,365 

4.646 



1,044 
802 

1,341 
328 
469 
931 
213 
117 
583 

4,965 



1,829 
2,195 



9,345 



1,215 
469 
846 

1,809 
626 

1.575 



884 

659 

2,265 

1,754 

673 

810 

1,261 

295 

744 

6,733 



1,045 
1,139 

5,913 



1,102 

3,282 

1,772 

504 

3,275 



(X) 

(X) 

2,710 

563 

(x) 

8,427 



(x) 
(x) 



1,538 

975 

1,390 

2,037 

643 

3,320 



589 
407 
1,359 
1,129 
408 
527 
872 
196 
426 

4,831 



951 
245 



(x) 
4,315 



51,878 
20,167 

42,356 

(x) 

351,945 



774 
2,825 
4,290 

538 

4,758 



271 
1,357 
2,441 

246 

3,079 



Ti) 

(x) 

2,086 

334 

(x) 

5,239 



1,121 
718 
946 

1,461 
585 

2.671 



(X) 

(x) 

1,705 

232 

(X) 

3,604 



2,345 
930 



1,293 



(x) 



21,579 



1,410 
366 
629 

2,639 
603 
645 

2,305 
801 
556 

1,061 
519 
98 
240 
246 
406 

2,215 



1,606 

493 

1,334 

3,765 

915 

1,553 

3,071 

2,856 

1,059 

2,228 

906 

173 

298 

385 

374 

3,271 



23,613 

6,817 

19,597 

55,273 

13,345 

22,478 

44,327 

41,328 

15,240 

31, 4U 

13,292 

2,489 

4,302 

5,780 

5,476 

47,175 



1,725 

1,076 
764 

3,662 
794 
903 

3,201 

1,302 
599 

1,660 
714 
105 
494 
333 
616 

3,631 



3,419 
1,339 



(X) 
26.015 



2,076 
1,003 



1,517 



(x) 
U.237 



932 
2,438 
1,507 

362 

3,828 



2,575 
1,153 



(x) 
18.810 



586 

1,724 

1,029 

265 

2.153 



1,647 

508 

1,398 

3,999 

933 

1,657 

3,461 

2,988 

1,077 

2,455 

964 

136 

289 

417 

405 

3,581 



672 
181 
752 

1,912 
461 
817 

2,452 

1,750 
626 

1,224 

473 

82 

67 

198 

152 

1,418 



1,699 
310 
772 

2,594 
831 
764 

3,140 

1,060 
777 

1,910 
650 
80 
228 
272 
419 

2,804 



1,475 
677 



(x) 

12.170 

1,013 
582 
488 

2,011 
461 
473 

1,793 
740 
416 

1,093 
436 
55 
202 
202 
348 

1,857 



See footnote at end of table. 



SALES SIZE 



2.23 



Table 2D.— SALES SIZE OF STORES WITH LEGAL FORM OTHER THAN CORPORATION— UNITED STATES, BY KIND 

OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued ■ 



StoRs operated entire year with annual sales of— 



$5,000 to $9,999 



Kind of business 



Number 



United State*, total 



Food ftroup 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat . 
Grocery stores, with fresh meat . . . . 

Meat markets. 6sh markets 

Fruit stores, vegetable markets 

Candy, nut, confectionery stores , . . 
Dairy products stores, milk dealers. 

Bakery producu stores 

Egg, poultry dealers 

All other food stores 



Eating and drinking places. 

Eating places 

Dnnlang places 



General stores. 



General merchandise group 

Department stores 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores . 
Variet>' stores 



Apparel group 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores . 

Family clothing stores 

Women's ready-to-wear stores 

Millinery stores 

Other apparel accessory, speaalty stores . 

Shoe stores 

Custom tailors 

Furriers, fur shops 

All other apparel stores 



Furniture, furnishings, appliance group 

Furmturc stores 

Floor covering, drapery stores 

Other home mmishing stores 

Household appliance stores 

Radio stores 



Automotive group 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers. 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

All other automotive dealers 



Gasoline service stations . 



Lumber, building, hardware group. 

Lumber yards, building matenals dealers . 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers 



Drug and proprietary stores. 

Drug stores 

Propnetary stores 



Liquor stores ....... 

Second-hand stores. 



Other retail stores 

Fuel, fijel oil dealers 

Ice dealers 

Feed, farm, garden supply stores 

Jewelry stores 

Book, stationery stores 

Sportmg goods stores, bicycle stores 

fHorists 

Cigar stores and stands 

News dealers, newsstands 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores 

Music stores 

Luggage, leather goods stores 

Optical goods stores 

Camera, photogiaphic supply stores 

Office, store machane and equipment dealers . 
All other retail stores 



39,893 



20,507 

8,702 

1,342 

2,036 

4,399 

UA 

1,348 

387 

726 

31,239 



18,957 
12,282 



1,904 

3,187 



2,122 
1,065 



7,318 



856 
517 
1,671 
983 
728 
833 
931 
122 
677 

5.258 



1,022 

470 

1,585 

1,265 

916 

2.231 



107 

465 

1,372 

287 

13,556 

3,578 



332 
1,311 
1,704 

231 

1,469 



901 
563 



16,010 



771 

563 

635 

2,163 

571 

1,012 

1,989 

1,921 

656 

2,019 

594 

81 

193 

192 

174 

2,476 



Sates, entire 
year 



(TTiouJand 
dollars) 



953,638 



291,719 



148,569 
(x) 
(x) 
(x) 

31,880 
3,332 
10,177 
(x) 
(x) 

233,396 



140,579 
92,817 



14,004 
23,548 



15,665 
7,883 



54,108 



6,413 
3,895 

12,552 
7,255 
5,281 
6,174 
6,634 

(x) 

(X) 

38,849 



7,598 
3,531 

(X) 
9,495 

(X) 

16.562 



(X) 
(X) 

10,155 
2,099 

101,104 
26,593 



2,539 
9,693 

(x) 

(X) 

11,230 



6,913 
4,317 



117,430 



5,649 
4,072 
4,631 

16,263 
4,157 
7,396 

14,511 

14,177 
4,792 

14,567 

4,430 

613 

1,434 

(x) 

(x) 

18,001 



Pay roll, 
entire year 



(Tltousand 
dollars) 



39,788 
5,137 



no5sr 

Cx) 

(X) 

(x) 
907 
240 
762 

(x) 

(x) 

16,127 



1 ,762 
4,365 



287 
211 



2,535 



216 
108 
438 
552 
150 
146 
748 



(X) 
(x) 



397 
273 



(x) 
5 

(x) 



(x) 
(x) 



757 

122 



3,751 
1,279 



285 
560 



(X) 
(x) 



302 

160 



1,039 
5,531 



510 
527 
195 
693 
193 
203 
643 
398 
168 
493 
170 
44 
60 

(x) 

(X) 
1,043 



Unincorporated 
businesses 



Active ptty 
pnetors, 
November 

(>fumbeT) 



J132,991 
39,973 



20,341 
iX) 
(x) 
(x) 

4,436 
415 

1,388 
(X) 
(x) 

32,825 



20,016 
12,809 



2,172 
1,089 



7,562 



871 
516 
,759 
983 
761 
839 
983 



(X) 
(x) 



5,621 



1,080 
506 
(x) 

1,367 
(x) 

2,497 



(x) 

(x) 

1,433 

306 

13,885 

3,725 



364 
1,371 
(x) 
(x) 

1,482 



911 
571 



2,829 
16,653 



781 

562 

665 
2,213 

600 
1,060 
2,119 
1,955 

659 
2,162 

615 
38 

192 
(x) 
(x) 
2,596 



Unpaid 

family 

workers, 

November 

(Number) 



33,020 



17,530 
(X) 
(x) 
(x) 

3,170 
327 

1,121 
(x) 
(x) 

25.039 



15,655 
9,384 



1,330 
684 



2,727 



360 
281 
617 
243 
274 
401 
215 



(X) 
(x) 



(x) 

7 
(X) 



537 
216 



(x) 
(x) 



456 
116 



124 
680 



(x) 
(x) 



508 

420 



1,211 
8,223 



334 

210 

351 

986 

243 

553 

1,718 

956 

332 

1,023 

267 

27 

45 

(x) 

(x) 

1,008 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. IS 



Total 
(Number) 



49,448 
6,827 



1,662 
(x) 
(x) 

(X) 
1,349 
252 
894 

(x) 

(x) 

22,910 



17,465 
5,445 



250 
763 



386 
377 



216 
152 
564 
661 
182 
132 
667 



Cx) 
(x) 



(x) 
5 

(x) 



393 
264 



(x) 
(x) 



600 
99 



323 
525 



(x) 
(x) 



379 
243 



6,278 



616 
514 
218 
638 
235 
244 
342 
412 
283 
728 
192 
36 
50 

(x) 

(x) 
1,091 



Full 
workweek 

(Number) 



3,761 



818 



(x) 
(x) 
(x) 



(x) 
(x) 



701 
139 
534 



10,788 
3,292 



197 
170 



137 
77 

293 

361 
95 
87 

434 



(x) 
(x) 



(x) 
3 

(X) 



260 
163 



(x) 
(x) 



460 
73 



2,443 



204 
347 



(x) 
(x) 



207 
147 



3,598 



(x) 
(X) 



343 
309 
111 
457 
114 
144 
393 
268 
148 
373 
113 
31 
36 



$2,000 to $4,999 



30,410 



17,354 

5,062 

870 

1,709 

3,675 

230 

672 

338 

500 

18,665 



12,446 
6,219 



1,122 
1,934 



1,349 
535 



4.384 



401 
249 
353 
715 
516 
401 
779 
51 
419 

3,598 



573 
250 
1,552 
£44 
574 

1,162 



42 
262 
676 
182 

8,164 



177 
777 
829 

131 



328 

285 



10,729 



634 

545 

442 

865 

401 

601 

1,192 

1,282 

503 

1,698 

398 

61 

89 

89 

72 

1,857 



Soles, entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dolla rs) 



Pay roll, 
entire year 



(Thousand 
_ dollaTj)_ 



101,239 



57,404 

(x) 

(x) 

(x) 

12,049 
818 
2,333 
1,032 
1,668 

6 3,868 



42,252 
21,616 

3,758 

6,543^ 

4,521 
2,022 

15,094 



1,403 
851 
2,955 
2,484 
1,737 
1,388 
2,631 

(x) 

(x) 

12,247 



2,017 
888 
(x) 

2,300 
(x) 

4,114 



(x) 
(x) 
2,387 
635 

27,370 

6,560 



609 
2,651 
(x) 
(x) 

2,186 



TIT 

(x) 

1,377 
10,098 
36,342 



2,062 
1,803 
1,515 
3,131 
1,338 
2,092 
4,074 
4,246 
1,665 
5,702 
1,340 
202 
306 

(x) 

(x) 
6,297 



10,863 
1,715 



436 



(x) 
(x) 
(x) 
283 
73 
133 
41 
40 

4,313 



3,152 
,166 



_601 
41 
32 

112 
111 
67 
40 
144 



(x) 
(x) 



(x) 

1 
(x) 



(x) 
(x) 



134 
25 



58 

116 



(x) 
(x) 



"To" 

(x) 



1,469 



187 
169 

63 
116 

51 

48 
168 
128 

65 
133 

47 
2 

12 



(x) 

(x) 



Unincorporated 
businesses 



Active pro- 
prietors, 
November 

(Number) 



30,027 



17,003 

(X) 

(x) 

(x) 
3,642 
214 
672 
339 
505 



19,134 
12,773 
6,361 



14,055 

(x) 

(X) 

(x) 
2,474 
175 
561 
311 
303 

14.959 



1,105 



1,367 
595 

li483_ 
409 
242 
866 
731 
533 
408 
791 

(x) 

(x) 

3,760 



590 
256 

(x) 
666 
(X) 

1,212 



(x) 
(x) 



702 
189 



176 
787 



(X) 
(x) 



(x) 
(x) 



3,160 
10,961 



641 

522 

455 

867 

403 

611 

1,251 

1,314 

496 

1,776 

405 

64 

91 

(x) 

(x) 

1,901 



Unpaid 

family 
workers, 
November 

JNumber) 



57,530 
24.216 



10,201 
4,758 



1,060 

712 
348 

1,3_60 
167 
120 
273 
125 
167 
170 
155 

(x) 

(x) 

1,603 



(x) 

3. 
(x) 



274 
110 



(x) 
(x) 



192 
72 



5,189 



67 
414 



(x) 
(x) 



(x) 
(X) 



(x) 

(x) 



255 
214 
215 
321 
179 
308 
881 
606 
219 
821 
177 
24 
19 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



(Number) 



17,598 

_2j894 
812 
(x) 
(X) 
(x) 
509 
81 
214 
92 
67 

7.886 



6,038 
1,848 



141 
95 



JJ4& 



44 
50 

170 
176 
37 
44 
176 



(X) 
(x) 



(X) 

L 
(x) 



(x) 
(x) 



JSi. 



151 
31 



1,419 



(x) 
(x) 



91 

147 



(x) 
(x) 



2,344 



314 
336 

99 
130 

82 

78 
302 
138 
117 
254 

54 
3 

20 



(X) 
(X) 



Full 
workweek 

(Number) 



.. 9i411, 

_lj4J4_ 
394 
(x) 
(X) 
(x) 
247 
38 
120 
28 
31 

4,447 



3,377 
1,070 



67 
48 



24 
24 
92 

94 

54 
27 



(x) 
(x) 



W 



63 
38 



(x) 
(x) 



(x) 
(x) 



jsa. 



108 
16 



(x) 
(x) 



50 
97 



(x) 
(x) 



1,030 



122 

109 
47 
85 
35 
35 

112 
86 
51 

115 
35 



(x) 
(x) 



See footnote at end of table. 



2.24 



RETAIL TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2D.— SALES SIZE OF STORES WiTH LEGAL FORM OTHER THAN CORPORATION— UNITED STATES, BY KIND 

OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 

Stores, Sales, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Sttx'es operated entire year with annual sales of — 



Less than $2,000 



Kind of business 



Saks, entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollaTs) 



Pay roll, 
entire year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Unincorporated 
businesses 



Active pro- 
prietors, 
November 

(Number) 



Unpaid 

family 

workers, 

November 

(Number) 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



Total 



(Number) 



FuU 
workweek 

(Number) 



Stores not operated entire year 



Sales 



{Thousand 
doUars) 



Payroll 



(Thousand 
ciollori) 



Unincorporated 
businesses 



Active pro- ^"f^'* 
prjetors, 1 '^=^5' 



November 
(><uinl»T) 



workers, 
November 

Plumb er) 



Paid employeea, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



(^tumiicr) 



Full 
vorkweek 



(?<umber) 



United States, total 



Food group 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat. 
Grocery stores, with fresh meat . . . . 

Meat markets, fish markets 

Fruit stores, vegetable markets 

Candy, nut, confectionery stores. . . 
Dairy products stori-s, milk dealers . , 

Bakery products stores 

Egg, poultry dealers 

AJT other food stores 



Eating and drinking places. 

Eating places 

Drinking places 



General stores. 



General merchandise group 

Department stores 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores . 
Variety stores 



Apparel group 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores . 

Family clothing stores 

Women's ready-to-wear stores 

MiUinery stores 

Other apparel accessory, specialty stores . 

Shoe stores 

Custom tailors 

Furriers, fur shops 

All other apparel stores 



Furniture, furnishings, appliance group. 

Furniture stores 

Floor covering, drapery stores 

Other home rumishing stores 

Household appliance stores 

Radio stores 



Automotive group 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers. 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

All other automotive dealers 



Gasoline service stations . 



Lumber, building, hardware group. 

Lumber yards, building materials dealers. 

Plumbmg, paint, electrical stores 

Hardware stores 

Farm equipment dealers 



Drug and proprietary stores. 

Drug stores 

Proprietary stores 



Liquor stores 

Second-hand stores. 



Other retail stores 

Fuel, fuel oil dealers 

Ice dealers 

Feed, farm, garden supply stoies 

Jewelry stores 

Book, stationery stores 

Sporting goods stores, bicycle stores 

Florists 

Cigar stores and stands 

News dealers, newsstands 

Gift, novelty, souvenir stores 

Music stores 

Luggage, leather goods stores 

Optical goods stores 

Camera, photographic supply stores 

Office, store machine and equipment dealers . 
All other retail stores 



20,6&t 



12,586 

1,885 

540 

1,407 

3,224 

101 

319 

338 

264 

11,122 



8,300 
2,822 



698 
296 



1,837 



153 

96 

333 

313 
305 
145 
326 
17 
149 

1,914 



188 
96 
1,265 
178 
187 

377 



10 
90 
200 
77 

3,742 



68 
317 
271 

43 



109 
162 



6.062 



482 

443 

199 

271 

222 

267 

599 

727 

282 

1,U2 

182 

21 

29 

33 

15 

1,148 



26.651 



16,162 
(X) 

M 
M 

4,070 
149 
438 
434 
334 

14.377 



10,585 
3,792 



908 
394 



2.443 



206 
128 
425 
428 
390 
192 
453 
22 
199 

2.438 



254 
118 
1,565 
253 
248 

517 



(X) 

M 



273 
103 



5,085 



(x) 
(x) 



(x) 
(x) 



2,804 



7,915 



605 

569 

254 

400 

282 

356 

786 

973 

384 

1,464 

243 

27 

40 

45 

22 

1.465 



3,863 



1,687 



4,515,275 



256,960 



143,436 



324,494 



20,013 



14,836 



327 



66.256 



51.133 



72.082 



(x) 
(x) 
(x) 



12.101 

(x) 

(x) 

(X) 
3.145 
101 
317 
332 
262 

10,913 



493 
132 



8,140 
2,773 



9,311 
(x) 
(x) 
(x) 
1,842 
66 
212 
280 
137 

8,112 



6,134 
1,978 



(x) 
(x) 
(X) 



40 
14 
25 

1,871 



(x) 
(x) 
(x) 



1,468 
403 



"665" 
188 



21,672 
27,137 
3,189 
2,215 
5,522 
1,075 
2,972 
741 
1,733 

63,599 



41,561 
22,038 



235,348 
813,058 
87,919 
30,407 
41,657 
25,634 
45,373 
14,209 
31,198 

824,184 



686 
306 

1,860 



283 
126 



156 
97 
334 
316 
303 
145 
330 
17 
162 

1,957 



2,467 
1,839 



10,609 



506,127 
318,057 



79,236 

-OfT 



4,365 
27,310 
3,616 
1,627 
2,298 
2,218 
7,905 
530 
1,264 

119,837 



22,394 
30,435 
3,579 
2,464 
5,825 
1.177 
3,362 
816 
2,030 

72.581 



53.075 



18,141 

23,288 

1,413 

1,547 

3,998 

807 

2,164 

485 

1,232 

45 .476 



51,507 



5,116 
27,000 
2,905 
1,693 
3,070 
2,044 
7,737 
653 
1,289 

153.180 



83,773 
36,064 



46,904 
25,677 



1,771 
4,568 



1,899 
950 

3,110 
445 
898 

1,333 

336 

86 

1,552 

8.400 



(x) 
27,418 



196.950 



(x) 
(x) 



193 

101 

1.296 

176 

191 

388 



70 
25 
463 
.67 
40 



(x) 
(x) 



208 

77 



(x) 
(x) 



(x) 
(x) 



(x) 
(X) 



2,381 
1,081 
1,593 
2,483 
862 

8.286 



48,814 
25,082 
58,159 
4,229 
9,873 
26,673 
4,345 
1,756 
18,019 

178,415 



TxT 
(x) 
2,099 

12,493 



-OcT 

(x) 
1,918 

11.664 



31,880 
13,596 



2,512 
TxT 



(X) 
1,128 



4.148 



113,510 
39,670 



6,572 

-vn — 



(x) 
3,492 



12.296 



2,790 

1,258 

4,025 

526 

625 

1,730 

458 

223 

858 

13.808, 



2,156 
975 

3,474 
434 
969 

1,427 
377 
110 

1,742 

9.900 



794 

510 

1,100 

83 

310 

588 

82 

36 

645 

3.835 



70.137 
20,155 
11,622 
64,554 
11,947 

582.607 



2,420 

3,392 

1,779 

695 

31,208 

7,984 



284,100 
241,739 
35.865 
20,903 

519,890 

291.921 



4,664 
2.357 
1,143 
4,976 
668 

26.984 



18,327 

5,080 

2,899 

678 

30,307 

19.696 



2,869 
1,348 
1,797 
2.890 
996 

9,692 



2,997 

3,922 

2,012 

761 

34,803 

9.571 



1,157 
437 
665 

1,227 
349 

2,249 



2,145 
1,403 
4,432 

497 

667 

1,484 

352 

127 

1,189 

9.891 



69 

317 



(x) 
(x) 



(x) 
(x) 



24 
130 



(x) 

(x) 



(x) 
(x) 



(x) 
(x) 



(x) 
(x) 



(x) 
(x) 



6.092 



(x) 
(x) 



(x) 
(x) 



"Ho" 

(X) 



1,436 
2,153 
2,826 
1,569 

3.697 



2,659 
1,038 



17.834 



77,945 
40,193 
68,732 
105,051 

106,057 



5.972 
4,287 
3,808 
5,629 

9.200 



491 

439 

195 

278 

228 

274 

597 

733 

282 

1,142 

189 

20 

28 

33 

16 

1,U7 



152 

150 

72 

74 

82 

115 

416 

295 

112 

472 

76 

8 

3 

12 

3 

465 



950 

278 

1,715 

1.825 

629 

1.142 

1,821 

1,803 

662 

2,530 

856 

92 

168 

364 

236 

2.763 



88,648 
17,409 



108,303 
15,833 



253.749 



25,475 

1,470 

72,159 

23,180 

8,247 

12,275 

14,018 

23,779 

7,990 

12.227 

10,274 

2,112 

2,151 

7,108 

4,969 

26.315 



7,973 
1,227 



3,404 
1,056 



14.268 



1.757 
2,543 
3,310 
1,961 

4.093 



685 
611 

6a 

332 

13,039 
3.682 



3,288 
1,756 

920 
3,327 

600 

16.881 



1,930 
168 

2,359 

1,810 
652 
493 

1,206 
746 
380 
579 
531 
151 
297 
402 
499 

2,065 



2,976 

1.117 



2,567 
19.491 



467 
1,080 
1,565 

570 

2.103 



11,204 

2,975 

2,256 

446 

32,681 

13.348 



1,036 

270 

1,886 

1,917 

711 

1,279 

2,055 

2,0U 

719 

2,744 

912 

98 

180 

403 

270 

2,998 



1,368 
735 



1,881 



8.847 



3,926 
2,887 
2,861 
3,674 

9.999 



8,266 
1,733 



2,976 



13.131 



372 

117 
863 
799 
329 
623 

1,244 
898 
377 

1,234 
402 
40 
45 
145 
77 

1,232 



1,480 
179 

1,946 

1,406 
664 
453 

1,316 
764 
607 
837 
568 
91 
186 
355 
380 

1,899 



249,285 



36.810 



3,401 

19,408 

2,146 

1,181 

1,823 

1,474 

6,086 

367 

924 

120.072 



89,593 
30,479 



4,335 



(x) 
2,129 



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5,862 

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1,185 
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879 
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X Withheld to avoid disclosure. 



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2.70 



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SALES SIZE 



2.71 



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2.72 



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2.73 



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2.74 RETAIL TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 

Table 2F.— SALES SIZE OF SINGLE AND MULTIUNITS— UNITED STATES. BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 

Stores and Sales 



1948 



Kind of business and single and multiunits 



United States, total 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits. — 
4 or more store multiunits. 

Food group , total 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

A or more store multiunits 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat. 

Single units 

Multiunits , 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

Grocery stores, with fresh meat.... 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more multiunits 

Meat markets, fish markets 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

Fruit stores, vegetable markets.... 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

Candy, nut, confectionery stores... 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

Dairy products stores, milk dealers 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

Bakery products stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 OP more store multiunits 

All Other food stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

Eating and drinking places, total.... 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

i, or more store multiunits 

Eating places 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

Drinking places 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

i, or more store multiunits 

General stores , total 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

General merchandise group, total 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

Department stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 cA more store multiunits 

See footnotes at end of table. 



All stores 



1,769,540 



1,606,885 

162,655 

57,547 

105,108 



504,439 



462,026 

42,413 

9,839 

32,574 

154,277 

146,268 

8,009 

988 

7,021 

223,662 

200,795 
22,867 
4,841 
18,026 

29,465 

27,404 

2,061 

1,337 

724 

15,763 

15,073 
690 

513 
177 

32,876 

29,140 

3,736 

685 

3,051 

11,727 

9,397 

2,330 

531 

1,799 

20,152 

18,344 

1,308 

532 

1,276 

16,517 

15,605 
912 
412 
500 



346,556 



333,619 
12,937 
6,804 
6,133 

194,123 

183,711 

10,412 

4,588 

5,824 

152,433 

149,908 

2,525 

2,216 

309 

21,557 



20,507 

1,050 

368 

682 

52,544 



36,615 

15,929 

3,202 

12,727 

2,560 

836 
1,744 

179 
1,565 



Sales, 
entire year 

dollars) 



130,520,548 



91,829,227 
38,691,321 
3,954,751 
29,736,570 



30,965,674 



19,228,643 
11,737,026 
1,244,263 
10,492,763 

4,026,335 

3,107,565 
919,270 
36,362 
832,408 

20,743,288 

11,444,390 

9,298,893 

812,431 

8,486,467 

1,775,569 

1,517,149 
258,420 
130,157 
128,263 

393,963 

353,999 
39,969 
23,354 
16,615 

649,347 

440,240 
209,107 
22,572 
186,535 

1,886,962 

1,142,544 
744 ,418 
122,212 
622,206 

725,021 

622,632 
102,339 
17,893 
84 ,496 

759,684 

595,129 

164,555 

23,782 

135,773 



10,683,324 



9,510,383 

1,172,936 

431,096 

741,340 

6,463,223 

5,408,125 

1,060,098 

342,345 

717,753 

4,215,101 

4,102,263 
112,838 
88,751 
24,087 

1,159,361 



931,215 
228,146 
49,090 
179,056 

15,975,357 



5,719,356 
10,256,001 
1,505,240 
8,750,761 

10,644,747 

3,873,478 
6,771,269 
1,248,163 
5,523,101 



Stores operated entile year with annual sales of — 



$300,COO or more 



(Xumber) 



65,404 



36,935 

28,469 

5,220 

23,249 



15,486 



3,881 

11,605 

307 

10,798 

511 

199 

312 
42 
270 

12,957 

2,460 

10,497 

598 

9,899 



306 

170 
63 
107 



714 
338 
83 
255 



86 

167 

6 

161 



701 
187 
5U 

1,691 

1,003 
686 
132 
506 

108 

95 

13 

5 



251 

214 
36 
176 

6,454 



1,4 53 

5,001 

276 

4,725 

2,452 

601 
1,651 

166 
1,485 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



53,348,737 



27,513,092 
25,335,645 
4,917,313 
20,913,332 



10,575,835 



2,230,738 

8,345,097 

531,447 

7,813,650 

243,219 

97,810 
145,409 

19,652 
125,757 

8,534,598 

1,259,331 

7,325,267 

375,037 

6,950,230 

230,433 
152,374 
78,059 
29,893 
48,166 

21,766 

16,742 
5,024 
3,127 
1,397 

33,684 

20,778 

62,906 

2,832 

60,074 

1,232,596 

619,336 

612,760 

95,499 

517,261 

29,448 

13,598 
10,850 
1,303 
9,547 

150,091 

45,269 
I0i,822 

4,104 
100,718 



934,251 



559,914 
424,337 
102,505 
321,832 

933,067 

514,865 
416,202 
100,194 
313,003 

51,134 

45,049 
6,135 
2,311 
3,624 



254,563 



125,999 
128,564 
20,864 
107,680 

13,197,846 



4,275,382 
8,922,466 
1,293,643 
7,623,623 

10,566,931 
3,841,080 
6,725,851 
1,237,136 
5,488,715 



$100,000 to $299,999 



(Number) 



185,950 



139,077 
46,873 
13,296 
33,577 



44,645 



32,957 
11,688 
2,403 
9,285 

6,032 

2,359 

3,173 

224 

2,949 

30,190 

23,567 

6,623 

1,581 

5,042 

3,718 

3,011 
707 
349 
358 

438 

387 
101 
46 
55 



157 
264 
27 

237 

1,837 

1,459 
373 
35 
293 

968 

728 
240 
17 
223 



789 
202 
74 
128 

11,566 



9,344 

2,222 

798 

1,424 

9,023 
6,989 
2,034 
673 
1,361 

2,543 

2,355 
186 

125 
63 



2,006 



1,589 
419 
102 
317 

8,389 



2,969 

5,420 

593 

4,827 

84 

22 
62 
9 
53 



Sales, 
entire year 

{TTiousand 
dollari) 



30,4-2,733 



22,361,694 
8,081,039 
2,211,706 
5,869,333 



7,098,197 



5,011,493 

2,036,704 

405,719 

1,680,985 

910,279 

414,330 

495,949 

36,769 

459,180 

4,863,820 
3,586,754 
1 ,277 ,066 
272,682 
1,004,384 

580,403 

458,754 

121,649 

56,694 

64,955 

74,342 

58,790 
15,552 
7,065 
8,437 

64,631 

23,461 

41,170 

4,307 

36,863 

309,141 

247,490 
61,651 
14,045 
47,606 

140,394 

104,042 

36,352 

2,593 

33,759 

155,187 

117,872 
37,315 
11,564 
25,751 



1,773,327 



1,409,043 
364,284 
126,763 
237,521 

1,412,818 

1,076,645 
336,173 
107,958 
228,215 

360,509 

332,398 
28,111 
18,805 
9,306 



322,413 



246,536 
75,877 
17,004 
58,873 



475,056 

996,736 

95,406 

901,332 

21,017 

5,457 

15,560 

2,348 

■ 13,212 



$10,000 to $99,999 



(Number) 



999,681 



932,539 
67,142 
29,086 
33,056 



232,580 



269,139 
13,441 
4,655 
8,786 

74,704 

71,134 

3,570 

495 

3,075 

135,641 

132,319 
3,322 
1,948 
1,374 

19,173 

18,292 
886 
685 
201 

7,792 

7,468 
324 
241 

83 

14,898 

12 ,446 

2,452 

414 

2,033 

6,707 

5,418 

1,289 

263 

1,026 

13,505 

12,319 

1,186 

364 

322 

10,155 

9,743 
412 
245 
167 



205.587 



198,365 
7,222 
4,011 
3,211 

100,217 

94,710 

5,507 

2,496 

3,011 

105,370 

103,655 
1,715 
1,515 

200 

13,860 



13,510 
370 
196 
174 

26,468 



21,956 
4,510 
1,857 
2,653 



Sales, 
entire year 

(TTiousflnd 
dollars) 



38,739,807 



35,250,381 
3,439,426 
1,407,175 
2,082,251 



10,930,951 



10,226,961 
703,990 
223,182 
480,806 

2,366,908 

2,135,275 
231,633 
23,665 
207,968 

5,890,125 

5,696,058 
194,067 
107,449 
36,613 

852,592 

805,663 
46,929 
34,765 
12,164 

248,050 

233,001 
15,049 
10,312 
4,737 

402,034 

310,302 
91,232 
12,873 
78,359 

290,340 

234,216 
56,124 
10,388 
45,736 

487,530 

437,349 
50,181 
12,513 
37,668 

393,372 

374,597 
18,775 
112,17 
7,558 



6.665.397 



6,344,185 
321,212 
167,133 
154,079 

3,329,938 

3,078,021 
251,917 
107, 6U 
144,273 

3,335,459 

3,266,164 
69,295 
59,489 
9,806 

526,835 



504,956 
21,879 
10,496 
11,383 



828,779 
244,569 
86,566 
158,003 

(X) 

(X) '" 
(«) '" 



Leas than $10,000 



Stores 



(Number) 



269,394 



264,144 
5,250 
2,668 
2,582 



91,461 



90,276 

1,185 

596 

589 

50,495 

50,4U 
32 
74 



15,671 

15,567 

104 
87 
17 

2,761 

2,706 

55 

51 



5,158 

5,020 

138 

132 

6 

11,593 

11,068 
525 
127 
393 

829 

710 
119 
29 
90 



2,263 
119 
67 
52 

2,572 

2,529 

43 
29 

14 



61.443 



60,510 
933 
603 
330 

40,002 

39,290 
712 
393 
319 

21,441 

21,220 

221 

210 

11 



3,538 

15 
15 



6,052 
129 
82 



Sales, 
entire year 

(TliousaTid 
dollars) 



,304,140 
27,502 
15,296 
12,206 



422,543 



415,869 
6,679 
3,277 
3,402 

222,422 

221,947 

475 

423 

52 

85,332 

34,635 
697 
567 
130 

13,519 

13,179 

340 
307 
33 

21,943 

21,369 
574 
541 
33 

49,677 

46,736 

2,941 

723 

2,213 

4,630 

3,893 
737 
174 
563 

13,202 

12,496 
704 
404 
300 

11,623 

11,612 
211 
138 



314,239 



309,938 

4,301 

3,389 

912 

195,212 

192,218 

2,994 

2,163 

831 

119,027 

117,720 

1,307 

1,226 

81 

18,523 



18,435 
86 
86 



31,766 



30,920 
846 
562 

284 



Stares not operated 
entire year 



249,111 



234,190 

14,921 

7,277 

7,644 



70,267 



65,773 
4,494 
1,376 
3,116 

22,535 

21,663 
672 
153 

719 

29,203 

26,382 

2,321 

627 

1,694 

3,332 

3,089 

243 

189 

54 

2,278 

2,161 
117 



29 

5,837 

5,432 
405 
HI 
294 

1,302 

1,096 
206 
71 
135 

3,234 

2,992 
242 
81 
161 

2,546 

2,458 



66,161 



64,302 

1,659 

1,205 

654 

43,190 

41,719 

1,471 

844 

627 

22,971 

22,583 
386 
361 
27 



1,619 
32 

17 
15 

5,052 



4,163 
869 
394 
475 

43 



(Tlmuand 
dollar.) 



6,657,629 



5,399,920 

1,257,709 

403,261 

854,448 



1,938,143 



1,343,587 
594,556 
80,638 
513,918 

284,007 

236,203 

45,804 

6,353 

39,451 

1,319,4U 

817,612 

501,801 

56,696 

445,105 

98 ,622 

87,179 
11,443 
3,498 
2,945 

32,857 

29,097 
3,770 
2,309 
1,461 

49,321 

38,463 
10,858 
1,337 
9,021 

50,255 

37,109 
13,146 
2,106 
11,040 

54,447 

50,145 
4,302 
1,080 
3,222 

49,211 

45,779 
3,432 
1,759 
1,673 



»46.U0 



887,308 
56,602 
31,306 
27,496 

597,188 

546,376 
50,812 
24,386 
26,426 

343,922 

340,932 
7,990 
6,920 
1,070 

37.027 



35,289 

1,738 

618 

1,120 

200,601 



109,219 
91,382 
24,063 
67,319 

(X) 

26,941 
(X) 

(X) 

(X) 



SALES SIZE 



2.75 



Tabic 2F.— SALES SIZE OF SINGLE AND MULTIUNITS -UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 

Stores and Sales 



Kind of business and single and multiunits^ 



General merchandise group — Continued 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores 

Single units 

Hultlunlts 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

A or Bore store multiunits 

Variety stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

A or nure store multiunits 

Apparel group , total 

Single units 

Hultlunlts 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiuni ts 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores... 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

Family clothing stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

Women ' s ready-to-wear stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

Millinery stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

Other apparel accessory, specialty stores... 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

Shoe stores 

Single units 

Hultlunlts 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

All other apparel stores 

Single units 

Hultlunlts 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

Furniture, furnishings, appliance group, total 

Single units 

Hultlunlts 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

Furniture stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

Other home furnishing stores 

Single units , 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

Household appliance, radio stores 

Sli^le units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits. 

Automotive group, total 

Single units 

Hultlunlts 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 



29,754 

24,233 
5,521 
1,777 
3,744 

20,210 

11,546 
8,664 
1,246 
7,418 



115,245 



91 , 596 
23,650 
9,135 
14,515 

23,730 

20,200 

3,530 

1,867 

1,663 

12,533 

10,096 
2,437 
1,156 
1,281 

30,677 

24,089 
6,588 
2,841 
3,747 

5,725 

4,392 

1,333 

336 

997 

7,756 

6,051 

1,705 

600 

1,105 

19,551 

12,513 
7,038 
1,630 
5,408 

15,274 

14,255 

1,019 

705 

314 



85,585 



74 ,469 

11,116 

5,085 

6,031 

29,031 

25,326 
3,705 
2,654 
1,051 

19,623 

18,406 

1,217 

642 

575 

36,931 

30,737 
6,194 
1,789 
4,405 

86,162 



78,506 
7,656 
3,973 
3,683 



Siles, 
enlire year 

(Thousand 
dottars) 



2,823,869 

1,483,606 

1,340,263 

189,454 

1,150,809 

2,506,741 

362,272 

2,144,469 

67,618 

2,076,851 



9,803,218 



5,954,132 
3,849,086 
1,120,487 
2,728,599 

2,165,953 

1,589,402 
576,551 
217,478 
359,073 

1,791,317 

968,090 
823,227 
292,532 
530,695 

3,305,162 

1,976,029 

1,329,133 

363,482 

965,651 

108,556 

66,510 
42,046 
11,072 
30,974 

328,311 

179,026 

149,285 

33,614 

115,671 

1,467,307 

620,870 
846,437 
148,975 
697,462 

636,612 

554,205 
82,407 
53,334 
29,073 



6,914,179 



5,140,919 

1,773,260 

745,859 

1,027,401 

3,427,163 

2,562,233 
864,935 
466,291 
398,644 

943,652 

706,805 

236,847 

72,807 

164,040 

2,543,359 

1,871,881 
671,478 
206,761 
464,717 

20,104,054 



17,922,669 

2,181,385 

1,440,404 

740,981 



Stores operated entire year with annual sales of— 



$300,000 or more 



Stores 
{>(umb<r) 



1,969 

629 
1,340 

105 
1,235 

2,033 

23 

2,010 

5 

2,005 

4,527 



2,322 
2,205 

507 
1,698 

1,063 

648 

415 
128 

237 



438 
394 
104 
290 

1,805 
925 



185 
695 



131 

432 

61 

371 



153 
35 

24 

11 



2,385 

1,362 

530 

832 

2,126 

1,454 

672 

341 

331 

470 

240 
230 
45 
185 



691 
460 
144 
316 

17, 165 



15,530 

1,635 

1,276 

359 



Sales. 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dolbrs) 



1,267,713 

422,799 

844, 91A 

59,197 

785,717 

1,363,204 

11,503 

1,351,701 

2,310 

1,349,391 



3,759,131 



1,813,376 

1,945,755 

499,231 

1,446,524 

691,996 

410,571 
281,425 
75,991 
205,434 



396,621 
606,661 
198,955 
409,706 

1,608,046 

818,869 

789,177 
170,859 
618,318 



985 



(X) 
(X) 
(X) 



37,916 

(X) 
(x) 
(X) 
22,326 

298,097 

73,782 
224,315 

39,406 
184,909 

116,809 

98,755 
18,054 
12,223 
5,831 



1,304,116 
970,196 
361,979 
608,217 

1,383,015 

824,851 
558,164 
250,956 
307,208 

271,475 

129,221 

142,254 

31,484 

110,770 

619,822 

350,044 
269, 778 
79, 539 
190,239 

12,891,634 



11,470,848 

1,420,786 

1,072,233 

343,553 



$100,000 to $299,999 



Stores 
(Jijumber) 



4,635 

2,570 

2,065 

458 

1,607 

3,670 

377 
3,293 

126 
3,167 

17.178 



10,376 
6,802 
1,956 
4,846 

4,524 

3,404 

1,120 

507 

613 

2,406 

1,706 
700 
308 
392 

5,090 

3,091 

1,999 

615 

1,384 



219 

412 

82 

330 

3,442 

1,074 

2,368 

324 

2,044 

1,027 

856 

171 

112 

59 

14,101 



11,131 
2,970 
1,422 
1,548 

7,189 

5,983 

1,206 

842 

364 

1,545 

1,179 
366 
141 
225 

5,367 

3,969 

1,398 

439 

959 

25,242 



22,414 
2,828 

1,128 
1,700 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 



800,423 

417,530 
382,893 
75,002 
307,891 

650,354 

52,069 
598,285 

18,056 
580,229 



,738,964 



1,638,311 

1,100,653 

307,459 

793,194 

719,211 

538,271 
180,940 
80,133 
100,807 

386,184 

270,352 
115,832 
49,170 
66,662 

831,081 

497,178 

333,903 

97,621 

236,282 

8,358 

(X) 
(X) 

(X) 

3,239 
95,264 

(X) 
(X) 

(X) 

49,370 

538,565 

161,636 
376,879 
49,682 
327,197 

160,301 

133,374 

26,427 

17,290 

9,137 



2,305,972 



1,802,121 
503,851 
236,805 
267,046 

1,200,684 

991,776 
208,908 
141,688 
67,220 

257,795 

139,842 
67,953 
23,619 
44,334 

847,493 

620,503 

226,990 

71,498 

155,492 



4,570,078 



4,074,715 
495,363 
209,872 
285,491 



$10,000 to $99,999 



Stores 
(J<umber ) 



16,064 

14 ,460 

1,604 

913 

691 

10,403 

7,493 

2,905 

944 

1,961 



66,865 



54,844 

12,021 

5,271 

6,750 

14,366 

12,792 

1,574 

967 

607 

7,291 

6,175 

1,115 

595 

521 

17,113 

14 , 137 
2,976 
1,641 
1,335 

3,085 

2,053 

1,027 

^41 

783 

4,403 

3,378 

1,025 

388 

637 

12,243 

8,594 
3,554 
1,000 
2,654 

8,359 

7,710 
549 
436 
213 

46,156 



41,174 
4,982 
2,318 
2,664 

14,975 

13,545 

1,430 

1,164 

266 

9,352 

8,932 
420 
286 
134 

21, 829 
18,697 

3,132 
868 

2,254 



27,076 
2,374 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



(X) 

564,958 
(X) 

45,406 
(X) 

421,954 

263,811 
158,143 

41 , 160 
116,983 



2,203,570 
554,753 
263,135 
391,618 

665,230 
574,937 
90,293 
52,134 
33,159 

334,153 

269,913 
54,240 
32,116 
32,124 

736,146 

573,016 
163,130 
32,150 
80,980 

82,487 

49,112 
33,375 
8,307 
25,068 

169,704 

114,782 
54,922 
17,150 
37,772 

566,642 

348,840 

217,302 

51,817 

165,985 

303,961 

272,970 
30,991 
19,461 
11,530 

1,978,393 



1,732,447 
245,946 
116,643 
129,303 

718 ,005 

538,505 
79,500 
62,151 
17,349 

341,900 
321.373 
20,527 
13, 587 
5,940 

918,488 

772, 569 
145,919 
40,905 
105,014 

1,450,230 



1,320,885 

139,345 

54,006 

85,339 



I than $10,000 



Stores 
(^lumber) 



4,221 

4 , 128 
93 
57 
36 

1,960 

1.924 

36 

25 

11 



13,775 



13,373 

402 
250 
152 

1,429 

1,399 

30 
19 
11 

875 

338 
37 
33 



2,895 

2,798 
97 
82 

15 

2,065 

1,915 
149 
43 
106 

1,584 

1,546 
38 
32 



,379 
26 



3,497 
25 



11,518 



10,729 
889 
203 
686 

1,823 

1,748 

75 

69 

6 

5,273 

5,208 

65 

59 

6 

4,522 

3,773 
749 
75 
674 



3,855 



3,768 
87 
43 
44 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollaTs) 



21,389 

20,773 
616 
388 
223 

10,377 

10,147 
230 
174 



73,141 



70,514 

2,527 

1,539 

988 

8,U9 

7,978 
171 
105 



4,960 

4,716 
244 
218 
25 

16,166 

15,580 

586 

493 

93 

10,517 
9,516 

1,001 
291 
710 

7,602 

7,397 

205 

176 

29 

7,921 

7,759 
152 
124 
38 

17 ,826 

17,668 

158 

132 

26 



58,111 



55,313 

2,798 
1,118 
1,680 

10,092 

9,651 
441 
331 
110 

23,045 

22,624 

422 

371 

51 

24,973 
23,038 

1,935 
416 

1,519 

21,763 



21, 174 
589 
250 
339 



Stores not operated 
entire year 



2,365 

2 ,446 
419 
244 
175 

2,144 

1,724 
420 
146 
274 



12,901 



10,681 
2,. '20 
1,151 
1,069 

2,348 

1,957 
391 
245 
145 



939 
190 
116 
74 

3,774 

3,138 
635 

318 
318 

514 
390 
124 
40 
84 



883 
182 



1,393 

1,335 
558 
226 
332 

2,178 

2,039 
139 
111 
28 

9,963 



9,050 
913 
612 

301 

2,913 

2,596 
322 
238 

84 

2,983 
2,347 

136 

111 

25 

4,062 

3,607 
455 
263 
192 

10,450 



9,718 
732 
546 
186 



Sales 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



(X) 
57,536 
(X) 

9,451 
(x) 

50,852 

24,742 

36,110 

5,918 

30,192 



373,659 



228,261 
U5,398 
49,123 
96,275 

81,367 

57,645 
23,722 
9,115 
14,607 

60,738 

26,468 
34,250 
12,073 
22 , 177 

113,723 

71,386 
42,337 
12,359 
29,978 

5,209 
3,455 
2,754 
797 
1,957 

17,825 

9,545 
8,279 
2,605 
5,674 

56,062 

28,803 
27,279 
7,946 
19,333 

37,715 

30,933 
6,777 
4,228 
2,549 



297,391 



246,922 
50,469 
29, 3U 
21,155 

115,372 

97,450 
17,922 
11,165 
6,757 

49,435 

43,745 

5,591 

3,746 

1,945 

132, 583 

105,727 
26,856 

14,403 
12,453 

1,160,349 



1,035,047 

125,302 

104,043 

21,259 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2.76 RETAIL TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 

Table 2F.— SALES SIZE OF SINGLE AND MULTIUNITS— UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 

Stores and Sales 



Kind of business and single and multiunits 



Sales, 
edcire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Staca operated entire year with annual sales of— 



$300,000 or mere 



Stores 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



$100,000 to $299,999 



Stores 
dumber) 



Sales, 
entire year 

(TTumsand 
dollars) 



$10,000 to $99,999 



Stores 
(>fawber) 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Tlioujand 
dollars) 



Leaa than $10,000 



Stores 
fflumber) 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Stores not operated 
entire year 



Number 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Automotive group— Continued 

Motor vehicle (new and used) dealers... 

Single units 

Multiunits. 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or oiore store orultiunits , 

Motor vehicle (used) dealers 

Single units , 

Multiunits. 

2 or 3 store multiunits. 

4 or more store multiunits. 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits. 

4 or Here store multiunits 

All other automotive dealers 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

A or more store multiunits 

Gasoline service stations, total 

Single units 

Multiunits. 

2 or 3 store multiunits. 

4 or more store multiunits 

Lumber, building, hardware group, total*. ■ 

Single units 

Multiunits. 

2 or 3 store multiunits. 

4 or more store mirltiunits 

Lumber yards, building materials dealer: 

Single units. 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits. 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits. 

Hardware stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

Farm equipment dealers 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

Drug and proprietary stores, total. 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store mtiltiunits 

Drug stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

Proprietary stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store miiltlunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

Liquor stores, total 

Single units 

Mult iunl ts 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits..... 

Second-hand stores, total 

Single unl ts , 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits 

4 or more store multiunits 

See footnotes at end of table. 



43,999 

41,932 

2,067 

1,897 

170 

16,874 

15,701 
1,173 
1,097 

76 

20,628 

16, 529 

4,099 

757 

3,342 

4,661 

4,344 
317 
222 
95 



188,253 



179,917 
8,336 
2,891 
5,445 

98,938 



36, 182 
12,756 
4,805 
7,951 

26,110 

18,764 
7,346 
2,149 

5,197 

20, 539 
18,409 

2,130 
669 

1,461 

34,674 

32,439 
2,235 
1,105 
1,130 

17,615 

16,570 

1,045 

882 

163 

55,796 



49,744 
6,052 
2,337 
3,715 

46,955 

41,495 

5,460 

2,058 

3,402 

8,841 

8,249 
592 
279 
313 



33,422 



28,996 
4,426 
1,428 
2,998 

16,969 



16,148 
821 
353 
468 



15,952,781 

14,626,996 

1,325,785 

1,072,961 

252,824 

2,441,377 

2,159,849 
281,528 
259,955 
21,573. 

1,359,596 

333,941 

525,655 

71,176 

454,479 

350,300 

301,833 
48,417 
36,312 

12,105 



6,433,301 



1A,610 

13,566 

1,(X4 

914 

130 

1,819 

1,561 

258 

237 

21 

542 
247 
295 
95 
200 



156 
38 
30 



11,452,326 

10,326,643 

1,125,683 

884,470 

241,213 

1,098,314 

947,978 

150,336 

139,384 

10,952 

239,675 

115,536 

124,139 

31,215 

92,924 

101,319 

80,691 

20,628 

17,164 

3,464 



183,135 



17,443 

16,813 
630 
602 
28 

3,929 

3,520 

409 

384 

25 

3,212 

1,516 

1,696 

71 

1,625 

658 
565 
93 
71 
22 



7,444 



3,248,628 

3,127,69_; 

120,935 

115,883 

5,047 

687,348 

6U,907 
75,441 
71,014 
4,427 

522, 592 

239,503 

283,089 

10,865 

272,224 

111,510 

95,612 

15,898 

12, 105 

3,793 



1,073,094 



8,0U 

7,804 

207 

203 



6,241 
236 
225 



12,477 

10,666 

1,811 

4«0 

1,331 

2,485 

2,365 
120 
72 
48 



122,603 



502,771 

490, 335 

12,436 

12,207 

229 

323,739 

309,887 

13,852 

13,069 

783 

528,424 

422, 527 

105,897 

24,756 

81,141 

105,296 

98,136 
7,160 
3,974 
3,186 

4,527,032 



161 
157 



819 

12 
12 



2,300 

2,237 

63 

22 



563 

555 



1,071 

1,047 
24 



4,567 

4,519 
48 
48 



13,199 

12,731 
468 
U5 
323 

2,926 

2,377 
49 
33 
16 



135,190 



3,774 

3,592 

182 

174 

3 

3,818 

3,560 

258 

239 

19 

2,097 

1,863 

234 

89 

145 

761 

703 
58 



32,157 



5,806,236 
677,065 
206,691 
470,374 

U,151,470 



275 

124 

52 

72 

7,084 



127,707 
55,428 
24,320 

31,108 

4,146,965 



5,427 

2,017 

515 

1,502 

24,012 



767,923 
305, 171 
79,441 
225,730 

4,046,277 



117,602 
5,001 
1,852 
3,149 

51,746 



4,250,935 
276,097 
91,143 
184,954 

2,449,190 



25,430 
220 



6,357 



133,853 

1,332 

565 

767 



31,183 
974 
375 
599 

9,739 



8,690,600 

2,460,370 

902,565 

1,558,305 

5,127,050 

3,626,393 

1,500,657 

539,234 

961,423 

1,144,579 

927, 598 
216,981 
71,105 
145,376 

2,493,669 

1,971,381 
522,288 
124,600 
397,688 

2,386,172 

2,165,228 

220,944 

167,626 

53,318 

4,013,231 



5,133 

1,901 

702 

1,199 

4,405 

3,246 

1,159 

474 

635 

369 

264 

105 
48 
57 



555 

457 

57 

400 

1,293 

1,118 
180 
123 
57 

1,299 



2,870,ob9 

1,276,296 

471,243 

305,053 

2,686,377 

1,925,777 
760,600 
323,609 
431,991 

174,460 

121,361 

52,599 

28, 318 

24,281 

638,971 

236,90: 
352,068 
41,388 
310,680 

647,157 

536,128 

111,029 

72,928 

38, 101 



644,361 



19,207 
4,805 
1,670 
3,135 

9,900 

6,765 

3,135 

872 

2,263 

2,354 

1,774 
580 
121 
459 

4,785 

4,160 
625 
283 
342 



6,508 
465 
394 



9,on 



3,227,651 
818,626 
291,146 
527,480 

1,756,224 

1,217,771 
538,453 
154,542 
383,911 

366, 566 

274,299 
92,267 
21,393 
70,374 

751,600 

645,881 

105,719 

45,343 

59,876 

1,171,387 

1,089,700 
32,187 
69, 363 
12,819 



46,537 
5,209 
1,938 
3,271 

8,980 

6,301 

2,679 

644 

2,035 

12,827 

11, 592 

1,235 

384 

851 

22,905 

21,913 
992 
638 
354 

7,034 

6,731 

303 

272 

31 



38,794 



2,142,985 
306,205 
106,774 
199,431 

507,108 

341,272 
165,836 
38,261 
127, 575 

530,167 

464,747 
65,420 
18,264 
47, 156 

995,272 

939,487 
55,735 
32,896 
22,839 

416,643 

397,479 
19,164 

17,353 
1,811 



1,816,570 



6,238 
U9 
73 
46 

634 

593 
36 
14 
22 

2,478 

2,440 
33 
18 
20 

2,832 

2,798 
34 
30 



402 
11 
11 



2,393 



34,271 
773 
451 
322 

3,558 

3,329 
229 
84 
145 

13,215 

12,963 
252 
106 
146 

16,064 

15,833 

231 

200 

31 

2,207 

2,146 
61 
61 



14,074 



9,017 
722 
422 
300 

2,191 

1,854 
337 
145 
192 

2,511 

2,339 

172 

98 

74 

3,140 

3,013 

127 

97 

30 

1,397 

1,811 

86 

32 



4,299 



2,900,271 

1,112,960 

244,357 

868,603 

3,678,463 

2,618,314 

1,060,149 

227,751 

832,398 

334,768 
281,957 
52,811 
16,606 
36,205 

2, 579, 507 



327 
972 
96 
376 

1,276 

326 

950 

91 

359 



1 
22 

5 
17 

1,130 



146,506 

497,355 

55,726 

442, 129 

632,294 

(x) 
fx) 
(x) 
435,6U 

12,067 

(x) 
(x) 

(x) 
6,518 

717,098 



1,661,244 
918,263 
115,707 
802,556 



304,654 



257 
873 
32 
841 



124,835 
592,263 
16,558 
575,705 

26,999 



6,316 

2,695 

696 

1,999 

8,633 

6,135 

2,553 

677 

1,876 

323 
181 
142 
19 
123 

4,566 

3,383 

1,183 

291 

892 



916,823 
472,242 
106,648 
365,594 



(x) 
(x) 
(x) 
345,219 

47, 324 

(x) 
(x) 
(x) 
20,375 

705,408 

500, 572 
204,836 
45,129 
159,707 

53,299 



36,878 

1,916 

1,304 

612 

32,429 

30,851 
1,578 

1,103 
470 

6,365 

6,027 
338 
196 
142 

22,191 
20,126 

2,065 
941 

1,124 

5,859 



1,702,531 
114,039 
73,067 
40,972 

1,563,019 

1,469,691 
93, 328 
65,144 
33,184 

243, 551 

232,640 
15,711 
7,923 
7,788 



1,027,048 

918,765 
108,283 
47,906 
60,377 



173,249 



2,345 
48 
38 

10 

1,366 

1,341 
25 
22 

3 

1,027 

1,004 
23 
16 

7 

1,330 



13,787 
287 
249 
38 

3,437 

3,230 
157 
139 
18 

5,637 

5,507 
130 
110 
20 



7,542 



3,878 
421 
203 
218 

3,196 

2,842 
354 
150 
194 

1,103 

1,036 
67 
43 
24 

4,205 



1,280 
50 
24 
26 

8,160 



7,264 
278 
124 
154 

33,124 



3,950 
255 

140 

115 

2,553 



271,962 
32,692 
15,659 
17,033 



19,233 
7,766 
3,744 
4,022 



290 
50 
29 

21 



45,353 
7,946 
4,256 
3,690 



5,385 
474 
135 
339 



158,769 

14,480 

5,870 

8,610 



7,985 
175 
110 
u5 



32,018 

1,106 

612 

494 



2,445 

108 

73 

35 



747,985 

681,278 

66,707 

60,372 

6,335 

327,409 

285, 558 

41,851 

36,440 

5,411 

55,706 

43,644 
12,062 
4,195 
7,867 

29,249 

24,567 
4,682 
3,036 
1,646 



564,850 



525,813 
39,037 
11,222 
27,815 

473,994 



415,024 
58,970 
32,951 
26,019 

173,783 

138,244 
35,539 
17,738 
17,301 

60,171 
53,728 
6,443 
3,024 
3,419 

91,762 
83,277 
8,485 
4,273 
4,2U 

148,278 

139,775 

8,503 

7,916 

587 



149,161 



120,624 
28,537 
8,667 

19,870 

128,472 
102,207 

26,265 
7,899 

18,366 

20,689 
18,417 
2,272 

768 
1,504 

122,4U 



109,808 

12,603 

5,990 

6,613 

17,983 



16,389 
1,394 
1,177 

217 



SALES SIZE 2.77 

Tabic 2F.— SALES SIZE OF SINGLE AND MULTIUNITS— UNITED STATES. BY KIND OF BUSINESS; 1948— Continued 

Stores and Sales 



Kind of busineas and single and multiunits ^ 



Other retail atores> total. 



Sli^le units 

Multlunl ts 

2 or 3 store multliinlts... . 

4 or more store multiunits. 



Fuel, fuel oil dealers. 



Sii«Ie units 

nul tiuni ts 

2 or 3 store multiunits. . . . 

4 or more store multiunits. 



Ice dealers. 



Sin^'le units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits.... 

^ or more store multiunits. 



Feed, farm, garden supply stores. 



Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits.... 
4 or more store multiunits. 



Jewelry stores. 



Sii^le units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits.... 
4 or more store multiunits. 



Book, stationery stores. 



Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits.... 
4 or more store multiunits. 



Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits. . . . 
4 or more store multiunits. 



Cigar stores and stands. 



Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits.... 

C or more store multiunits. 



News dealers, newsstands. 



Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits. . . . 
4 or more store multiunits. 



Music stores. 



Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits. . . . 
4 or more store multiunits. 



Optical goods stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits.... 
4 or more store multiunits. 



All other retail stores. 



Sii^le units , 

Multiunits 

2 or 3 store multiunits.... 
4 or more store multiunits. 



164,073 



148,560 
15,513 
7,327 
8,186 

19,478 

18,033 

1,445 

8b5 

580 

3,192 

2,862 
330 
101 
229 

21,558 

18,023 
3,535 

1,477 
2,058 

21,269 

19,204 

2,065 

1,340 

725 

6,938 

6,223 
715 
352 
363 

14,749 

13,956 
793 
668 

125 

14, 526 

13,108 

1,418 

234 

1,184 

6,801 

5,565 
1,236 



6,120 

5,535 
585 
360 
225 

1,897 

1,414 
483 
157 
326 

47,545 

44,637 
2,908 
1,696 
1,212 



(Otirc year 

(Ttioujand 
dolUrj) 



10,383,218 



8,091,587 

2,291,631 

933,333 

1,358,298 

2,339,777 

1,913,651 
426,126 
195,409 
230,717 

84,620 

51,248 

33,372 

5,792 

27, 580 

3,146,859 

2,240,183 
906, 676 
325,310 
581,366 

1,224,878 

957,634 
267,244 
132,971 
134,273 

549,124 

397,799 
151,325 
48,963 
102,362 

377,250 

339,655 
37,595 
29,256 
8,339 

535,255 

428, 240 

107,015 

30,710 

76,305 

216,866 

158, 108 
58,753 
4,901 
53,857 

337,338 

247,663 
89,675 
35,007 
54,668 

73,921 

45,778 
28,143 
10,734 
17,409 

1,497,330 

1,311,628 
185,702 
114,280 
71,422 



Stores operated entire year with annua] sales of — 



KOOfiOOotz 



Stores 

(Mumber) 



5,792 



3,930 

1,862 

711 

1,151 

1,538 

1,178 
360 
171 
189 



13 

21 

5 

16 

2,604 

1,643 
961 
317 
644 

557 

353 
204 
79 
125 



206 

118 

33 

85 



137 
26 



269 
76 
51 
25 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



3,692,605 



2,443,769 

1,248,836 

458,800 

790,036 

1,064,778 

761,100 
303,678 
122,878 
180,800 

18,601 

7,960 

10,641 

1,342 

8,799 

1, 520, 356 
942,461 
577,895 
188,929 
388,966 

351,037 

229,065 
121,372 
49,047 
72,325 

235,144 

140,587 
94, 557 
23,556 
71,001 

14,097 

7,330 
6,767 
5,036 
1,681 

138,411 

116,833 

21, 578 

18,345 

3,233 

12,526 

7,709 
4,817 

4,317 

104,105 

52,378 
51,727 
13,890 
37,837 

6,211 

2,757 
3,454 
1,854 
1,600 

227,339 

174,939 
52,350 
33,373 
18,977 



JIOO.OOO to J299.999 



Stores 
(J^umber) 



17,448 



13,674 
3,774 
1,693 
2,081 

4,344 

3,831 
513 
302 

211 

149 

58 
91 
12 
79 

5,966 

4,545 

1,421 

582 

839 

2,087 

1,560 
527 
280 
247 

927 

692 
235 

ion 

135 



321 

56 
37 
19 



369 

263 

33 

230 



185 
136 



464 
135 



,589 
335 
237 
98 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



2,894,845 



2,246,097 
648,748 
286,058 
362,690 

723,415 

637,412 
91,003 
52,034 
38,969 

24,672 

8,945 
15,727 

1,996 
13,731 



775,276 
257,877 
102,542 
155,335 

336,730 

248,790 
87,940 
46,332 
41,608 

150,862 
109,953 
40,909 
16,755 
24,154 

56,236 

46,924 
9,362 
5,971 
3,391 

96,130 

59,414 
36,716 
4,969 

31,747 

49,347 

26, 179 
23,168 
2,021 
21,147 

96,326 

72,454 
23,872 
11,083 
12,789 

18,539 

8,947 
9,592 
4,615 
4,977 

304,385 

251,803 
52, 582 
37,740 
14,342 



$10,000 to $99,999 



Stores 
(Number ) 



87,502 



79,945 
7,557 
3,628 
3,929 

10,476 

10,021 
455 
316 
139 

1,138 

970 
168 
60 
108 

9,670 

8,723 
947 
480 
467 

13,224 

12, 170 

1,054 
757 
297 

3,744 

3,448 
296 

170 
126 

8,628 

8,127 

501 

431 

70 

7,749 

6,862 
887 
156 
731 

4,093 

3,264 

329 

57 

772 

3,249 

2,969 
280 
183 
97 

1,204 

859 
345 
96 
249 

24, 327 

22,532 

1,795 

922 

873 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



3,253,241 

2,914,613 
338,628 
161,254 
177,374 

490,492 

464, 537 

25,955 

17,686 

3,269 

33,057 

26,439 
6,613 
1,767 
4,851 

478,015 

422,471 
55,544 
26,927 
28,617 

480,664 

430,550 
50, 114 
33,405 
16,709 

144,278 

129,627 
14,651 
7,696 
6,955 

271,424 

251,845 
19, 579 
16, 593 

2,986 

243,037 

201,983 
41,104 
6,711 
34,393 

137,334 

109,152 
28,232 
(x) 
(x) 

117,700 

105,716 
11,984 
3,299 
3,635 

44,190 

29,843 

14,347 

3,982 

10,365 

312,950 

742,450 
70,500 
(x) 
(x) 



Los than $10,000 



Stores 
(Number) 



33,613 

32,620 
998 
534 
464 

■ 1,915 

1,893 
22 

14 



1,533 

1,544 
39 

13 
21 

1,306 

1,287 

19 

9 

10 

3,328 

3,241 

87 

79 



1,224 

1,202 

22 

19 

3 

3,324 

3,702 
122 

105 
17 

3,983 

3,921 

67 

8 

59 

1,655 

1,439 

216 

2 

214 

i,200 

1,160 

40 

33 

7 

334 

305 
29 

15 
14 

13,261 

12,926 
335 
232 
103 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Tboujand 
doltarj) 



166,577 



160,679 
5,898 
3,072 
2,826 

8,491 

8,387 
104 
60 
44 

6,618 

6,406 
212 
104 
103 

6,560 

6,443 
117 
60 
57 

19,977 

19,432 

545 

497 

43 

5,954 

5,337 

117 

107 

10 

19,630 

13,949 
681 
599 

82 

19,724 

19,336 

388 

50 

338 

8,275 

6,332 
1,.'.4 3 

(x) 

(x) 

6,184 

5,912 
272 
217 



1,925 

1,750 

175 

77 

93 

63,239 

61,395 
1,844 
(x) 
(x) 



Stores not operated 
entire year 



19,713 



18, 391 

1,322 

761 

561 

1,205 

1,110 
95 
62 
33 

283 

277 

11 

6 

5 

2,012 

1,825 

187 

89 

98 

2,073 

1,880 

193 

145 

48 

719 

675 
44 
30 
14 



1,789 
100 
84 



1,994 

1,319 

175 

20 

155 

709 

666 
43 



846 
69 
55 

14 



133 
38 
10 
28 



,321 
367 
254 
113 



Sales 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



375,950 



326,429 

49,521 
24,149 
25,372 

47,601 

42,215 
5,386 
2,751 
2,635 

1,672 

1,498 
174 
83 



108,775 

93,532 
15,243 
6,852 
3,391 

36,470 
29,197 
7,273 
3,690 
3,583 

12,886 

11,795 

1,091 

849 

242 

15,813 

14,607 

1,206 

1,007 

199 

37,903 

30,674 

7,229 

635 

6,594 

9,334 

8,236 

1,098 

463 

635 

13,023 

11,203 

1,820 

1,518 

302 

3,056 

2,481 
575 
206 
369 

89,417 

30,991 
8,426 
6,095 
2,331 



X Withheld to avoid disclosure. 

^ A store is classed as a multiunit if it is one of 2 or more stores in the same 



general kind of business operated by the sajDe firm. 



2.78 



RETAIL TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2G.— SALES SIZE OF SINGLE AND MULTIUNITS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948 

Stous and Sales 



Geographic division, land of business, and 
single and multiunits^ 



NEW ENGLAND DIVISION 

Total 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Food group, total. 

Single units. 

Multiunits 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat 

Single units. 

Multiunits 

Grocery stores, with fresh meat 

Single units. 

Multiunits. 

Meat markets , fish markets. 

Single units. 

Multiunits 

Candy, nut, confectionery stores, 

Single units. 

Multiunits 

Dairy products stores, milk dealers. 

Single units. .' 

Multiunits. 

Bakery products stores 

Single units. 

Multiunits 

All other food stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Eating and drinking places, total 

Single units 

Multiunits. 

General stores, total 

Single units 

Multiunits 

General merchandise group, total 

Single units 

F^ltiunits. 

Department stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores. 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Variety stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Apparel group, total 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores... 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Family clothing stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Women's ready-to-wear stores 

Single units. 

Multiunits 

Millinery stores ,. 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Other apparel accessory, specialty stores... 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Shoe stores 

Single uni ts 

Multiunits 

All other apparel stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Furniture, furnishings, appliance group, total 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Furniture stores. 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Other home furnishing stores, 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Household appliance, radio stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

See footnotes at end of table. 



All stores 



103, 73C 
11,^89 



33,126 



29,301 
3,825 

9,541 

8,201 
l,3i0 

U,6A0 
13,183 
1,452 

1,988 

1,921 

67 

1,972 

1,592 

380 

1,101 
836 
265 

1,862 

1,659 

203 

2,022 

1,904 

118 



18,818 
827 



3,297 



2,336 

961 

186 

70 
116 

1,735 

1,573 

212 

1,326 
693 
633 



7,608 
1,830 

2,020 
1,749 
271 
854 
630 
174 

2,341 

1,836 

505 

542 
425 

117 

647 
430 
167 

1,717 

1,193 

524 

1,317 

1,245 

72 



5,378 
763 

1,819 

1,597 

222 

2,058 
l,95t 

108 

2,264 

1,831 

433 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



8,557,443 



6,079,872 
2,477,571 



2,355,953 



1,327,792 
1,028,161 

337,671 
131,743 
155,928 

1,474,829 
778,964 
695,365 

10-9, 086 

100,429 

8,657 

44,813 
29,070 
15,743 

258,562 
126, 233 
132,279 

62,264 

50, SU 
11,451 

68,723 

60,490 

3,238 

675,495 



592,772 
32,723 



24,452 
362 



433,823 
449,635 

582,631 
322,352 

260,329 

112,354 
91,112 
21,242 

188,478 
20,364 
168,114 



454,312 
265, 094 

152,931 
113,690 
39,241 

106,259 
61,722 
44,537 

258,502 
153,101 
105,401 

9,269 
6,691 
2,578 

24,170 
13,880 

10,290 

110,952 
56,066 
54,886 

57,323 

49,162 

8,161 

431,234 



329,598 
101,636 
203,614 
162,295 
41,319 

68,864 
53.375 
15,489 

158,756 
113,928 
44,828 



Stores operated entire year with annuaj sales of— 



$300,000 or more 



Stores 
(Number) 



2,477 
1,937 



262 
930 



914 

123 
791 

36 
28 



3 

101 



110 
275 

173 
68 

110 



136 
141 

56 
36 

20 

73 
41 
32 

148 
84 
64 



166 
69 

131 
105 
26 

29 

10 
19 

75 
51 
24 



Sales, 
eoiire year 

(Thousand 
doltgTs) 



3,446,543 



1,855,906 
1,590,637 



163,740 
746,449 

26,517 
3,939 
22,578 

673,879 

71,684 

602,195 

18,565 

15,304 
3,261 

3,538 
(x) 
(x) 

178,451 
67,530 
110,871 

6,113 
(x) 
(x) 

3,126 
(x) 
(x) 



25,368 
20,895 



(x) 



.360,634 
360,993 

580,698 
(x) 
(x) 

44,146 

37,958 

6,188 

96, 733 

(x) 

(x) 

261,949 



135,223 
126,726 

38,103 
22,491 
15,617 

59,544 
27,667 
31 , 877 

133,167 
66,243 
66,924 



(x) 
(x) 

19,994 

(x) 

(x) 

(x) 
(x) 
(x) 



83,441 
42,149 

72,690 
51,282 
21,408 

15,752 
7,585 
8,167 

37,148 
24,574 
12 , 574 



$100,000 to $299,999 



Stores 
(Humbcr) 



12,085 



3,856 
3,229 



3,102 



2,160 
942 

608 
100 
508 

1,351 

1,571 

230 

17C 
150 

20 

29 
10 
19 

281 
193 



23 
941 



722 
219 



142 
338 



169 
122 

47 



727 
479 

313 
225 
88 

141 
96 
45 

358 
224 

134 



46 
20 
26 

242 

70 
172 



695 
199 

464 

390 

74 

103 
75 
28 

327 
230 
97 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousanii 
dollars) 



1,422,40C 
555,508 



323,480 
165,212 

93,437 
13,751 
84,686 

283,850 

229,834 

54,016 

27,332 
23,964 
3,368 

4,560 
(x) 
(x) 

49,920 
34,535 
15,385 

7,986 
(x) 
(x) 

16,607 
(X) 
(x) 
145,169 



108,584 
36, 585 

_(xi 



(x) 

(x) 



92,337 



22.153 

70,184 

1,113 
(X) 
(x) 

28,317 
19,283 

9,034 

62,907 

(x) 

(x) 



117,920 
77,833 

50,707 
36,815 
13,892 

22,671 
15,361 

7,310 

60,598 
37,323 
23,270 

(x) 
(x) 
(x) 

(x) 
(x) 
3,800 

37,739 

(x) 

(x) 

(x) 
(x) 
(x) 



113,536 
33,500 

77,954 
64,911 
13,043 

17,052 
12,112 
4,940 

52,030 
36,513 
15,517 



$10,000 to $99,999 



Stores 
(Number) 



70,766 



65,706 

5,060 



21,227 



19,676 
1,551 

5,700 

5.049 

651 

9,976 

9,691 

285 

1,358 
1,328 

30 

1,109 
836 
273 

553 

470 
83 

1,303 

1,140 

163 

1,228 

1,162 

66 

12,821 



12.382 
439 



435 
6 



1,385 
237 



1,005 
891 
114 

617 
494 

123 

5,780 



4,787 

993 

1,346 

1,218 

128 

504 

419 

85 

1,407 

1,161 

246 

290 
218 

72 

385 
259 
126 

1,167 
875 
292 

681 
637 
44 

3,260 



2,853 

407 

966 
874 
92 

877 
84C 
37 

1,417 

1,139 

278 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



2,749,283 



2,483,670 
265,613 



756,850 
83,836 

186,589 
143,171 
43,418 

452,646 

437,147 

15,499 

57,241 

55,767 

1,474 

31,343 

22,375 

3,968 

27,312 

22,299 

5,013 

42,894 

36, 284 

6,610 

42,661 
39,807 
2,854 

424,878 



403,784 
21,094 

18,509 



(x) 

(x) 



44,864 
12,943 



34,581 
29,241 

5,340 

23,226 
15,623 
7,603 

234,437 



182,606 
51,831 

57,684 
50,601 
7,083 

21,872 

(x) 

(x) 

59,284 
46,116 
13,168 

(x) 
(x) 
(x) 

(X) 
(X) 

6,211 

43,871 
32,415 
16,456 

24,585 
22,488 
2,097 

136,418 



114,791 
21,627 

45,876 

40,727 

5,149 

30,372 
28,293 
2,079 

60.170 
45,771 
14,399 



Less than $10,000 



Stores 



(Number) 



15,437 
393 



4,301 



2,154 

2,150 

4 

641 
633 

3 

240 

237 

3 

576 

521 

55 



249 
235 

14 

389 

379 

10 

2,972 



2,927 
45 



477 
21 



377 

360 

17 

121 

117 



1,307 



1,246 
61 
139 
133 



83 
81 
2 

217 

204 

13 

211 
182 
29 

142 
137 

5 

152 

147 

5 

363 

362 

1 

1,099 



1,068 
31 

127 

121 

6 

743 

734 

9 

229 

213 

16 



Sales, 
entire year 

{Thousand 
dollars) 



80,599 



78,300 
2,299 



21,412 
545 

10,885 

10,864 

21 

3,609 

3,553 

56 

1,269 

1,244 

25 

2,538 

2,282 

256 

304 
269 
35 

1,453 

1,355 

98 

1,899 

1,845 

54 

16,132 



15,876 
256 



(x) 
(x) 



2,516 



2,401 
115 



1,867 

1,773 
94 

649 
628 
21 

6,825 



6,439 

386 

794 

763 

31 

483 
(x) 
(X) 

1,181 

1,107 

74 

1,076 
881 
195 

683 
649 
34 

895 

860 

35 

1,713 
(x) 
(x) 



4,607 
125 

654 

636 

IS 

2,846 

2,ai4 

32 

1,232 

1,157 
75 



Stores not operated 
entire year 



Number 



11,254 
870 



3,001 
303 

1,038 
897 
141 

1,258 

1,170 
88 

184 

178 

6 

249 
223 
26 

42 
31 
11 

245 

230 

15 

288 

272 

16 

2,800 



2,720 
80 



179 
160 
19 



662 
156 

166 
137 
29 

53 
43 

10 

211 
163 
48 

39 
24 
15 

72 
62 

10 

122 
89 
33 

155 
144 
11 



596 

57 

131 
107 
24 

306 

291 

15 

216 
198 
18 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



239,596 
63,514 



62,310 
32,119 

15,243 

10,018 

5,225 

60,845 
36,746 
24,099 

4,679 

4,150 

529 

2,834 

2,201 

633 

2,575 

1,600 

975 

3,813 

3,701 

117 

4,435 

3,894 

541 



39,160 
3,893 



3,776 
5,450 

870 
(x) 
(x) 

3,443 

2,857 

586 

4,913 

(x) 

(x) 



12,124 
8,318 

5,638 
3,020 
2,618 

1,689 

1,213 

476 

4,272 
2,307 
1,965 

566 
265 

301 

805 
560 
245 

3.453 
1,846 

1,607 

4,019 
2,913 
1,106 

17,458 



13,223 
4,235 

6,440 
4,739 

1,701 

2,842 
2,571 

271 

8,176 
5,913 
2,263 



SALES SIZE 



2.79 



Tabic 2G.— SALES SIZE OF SINGLE AND MULTIUNITS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 

Storbs and Sales 





All 








Stores operated entire year with annual sales of — 




1 


Stores no 
en&r 


t operated 






$300,000 or more 


$100,000 


lo $299,999 


$10,000 to $99,999 


la, than $10,000 


year 


Geographic division, land of buainea*. and 
single ind mulbuniCB^ 


Number 


Sales, 
entire year 

{Thousdnd 
MUu) 


Stores 

(Number) 


Sales. 
coiire year 

CDwuiond 
dollors) 


Stores 
(Number) 


Sales, 
entire year 

(Tkiuiand 
dolbri) 


Stores 
(Number) 


Sales, 
entire year 

{Thousand 
dollars) 


Stores 
(Number) 


Sales, 
entire year 

(Tfiouiund 
dollars) 


Number 


Sales 

{Thousand 
dollors) 


NEW ENGUU© DIVISION—Contlnued 
AutomoMlve group, total. 


4,902 


1,111,807 


1,041 


697,564 


1,566 


286,322 


1,619 


80,709 


226 


1,329 


450 


45,883 




4,545 

357 

3,688 

3,543 

145 

941 
735 

2 6 

273 

267 

6 

11,565 


1,1.35,700 
76.1C7 

1,C29,282 

976,837 

52.395 

67,193 
44,680 
22,513 

15,332 

14,133 

1,199 

372.003 


98f 
61 

1,011 

957 

54 

26 

2C 

6 

4 

3 
1 

19 


656,CCv4 
41,560 

684,077 
645,437 
38,640 

11,541 

(x) 

(x) 

1,946 

(x) 
(x) 

8,942 


1,418 
148 

1,359 

1,295 

64 

165 
85 

80 

42 

38 

4 

299 


260,757 
25,565 

252,164 

24r,166 

11,998 

27,136 

(x) 

(x) 

7,022 
(x) 
(x) 

41.109 


1,493 
126 

892 

876 

16 

588 

479 
109 

139 

138 

1 

8.168 


72,714 
7,995 

49,648 

48,606 

1,-42 

25,789 

(x) 

(x) 

5,272 

(x) 
(x) 

289.605 


222 

4 

88 
88 

98 
94 

4 

40 
40 

1.478 


1,302 
27 

543 
543 

586 
559 
27 

200 
200 

7.693 


432 
18 

338 
327 

11 
64 

57 

7 

48 
48 

1.601 


44.923 




960 




42,850 




42,135 




715 




2,141 




1.896 




245 




892 




892 








24,654 




11,265 

300 

4.527 


350,189 
21,814 

548.037 


14 
5 

413 


(x) 
(x) 

270.373 


238 
61 

873 


(x) 
(X) 

150,392 


7,989 
179 

2.467 


280, 552 
9,053 

109,334 


1,465 
13 

393 


7,6r«i 

89 
2.192 


1,559 
42 

381 


23,432 


Multlunlts 


1,222 


Lumber, building, hardware group, total 


15.746 




4,085 
442 

1,C75 
932 
143 

1,239 

1,127 

112 

1,907 

1,750 

157 

306 
276 

30 

4.117 


438,732 

109,305 

279,733 

225,979 

53,754 

73,175 
61,943 
11,232 

154,684 
113,545 
41,139 

40,445 
37,265 
3,180 

269.155 


321 
92 

293 

242 

51 

21 
20 
1 
74 
35 
39 

25 

24 

1 

47 


(x) 

(x) 
185,273 
145,980 

39,293 

11,539 

(X) 

(x) 

57,396 

(x) 

(x) 

16, 165 

(x) 

(x) 

22.393 


746 
127 

380 

320 

60 

157 
121 
36 

249 
223 
26 

87 

82 

5 

502 


127,418 
22,974 

73.166 
60,903 
12,263 

24,820 
19,099 
5,721 

38,451 

(x) 

(x) 

13,955 

(x) 

(x) 

71.442 


2,279 
188 

274 
252 
22 

771 

706 

65 

1,276 
1,196 

80 

146 
125 
21 

3,286 


(x) 
(x) 

14,478 

(x) 

(x) 

32,601 

(x) 

(x) 

54,892 
50,263 
4,629 

7,363 

6,451 

912 

167.686 


387 
6 

53 
52 

1 

156 
154 

2 
166 
163 

3 

18 

18 

66 


(x) 
(x) 

291 
(x) 
(x) 

867 
(x) 
(x) 

960 

940 

20 

74 
74 

420 


352 
29 

75 

66 

9 

134 

126 

8 

142 

133 

9 

30 

27 

3 

216 


14,292 




1,454 


Lumber yards, building materials dealers... 


6,525 

5,769 




756 




3,348 




3,169 




179 




2,985 




2,697 




288 




2,888 




2,657 




231 




7.214 




3,674 
443 

3,253 

2,888 

365 

3,r02 

2.667 

335 

251 
221 

30 

864 
786 
78 

3,413 


211,845 

57,310 

229,882 
177,529 
52,353 

212,109 
164,474 
47,635 

17,773 
13,055 
4,718 

39,273 

, 34,316 

4,957 

226,021 


10 
37 

46 

10 
36 

39 
8 

31 

7 
2 
5 

1 

1 

70 


4,243 
18,150 

(x) 
4,243 
(X) 

18,519 
(x) 
(x) 

(x) 
(x) 
(X) 

(x) 

(x)'" 

36.405 


341 
161 

473 
325 
148 

435 
296 
139 

38 
29 
9 

29 

16 
13 

480 


46,146 
25,296 

(x) 
(x) 
(x) 

61,589 
39,733 
21,856 

(x) 
(x) 
(x) 

(x) 
M 
(x) 

72.016 


3,080 
206 

2,551 

2,396 

155 

2,365 
2,223 

142 

186 

173 

13 

735 

684 

51 

2.515 


(x) 
(x) 

135,185 
(x) 
(x) 

126,763 

117,318 

9,445 

8,422 
(x) 
(x) 

32,501 

(x) 

(x) 

111.513 


64 
2 

31 

29 

2 

23 
22 

1 

8 

7 
1 

35 
35 

99 


(x) 
(x) 

203 
(x) 
(x) 

155 
(x) 
(x) 

48 
(x) 

(X) 

217 
217 

575 


179 
37 

152 
128 
24 

140 
118 
22 

12 
10 
2 

64 
51 
13 

249 


(x) 




(x) 




5,642 




(x) 




(x) 




5,083 




(x) 




(x) 




559 




(x) 




(x) 




1,572 




1,102 




470 


Liquor stores, total 


5.512 




3,139 
274 

1.047 


174,258 
51,763 

18.732 


14 
56 

3 


6,199 
30,206 

2.916 


406 

74 

21 


58,198 
13,818 

3.713 


2,386 
129 

347 


(x) 
(x) 

9,168 


98 

1 

563 


(x) 
(x) 

2.249 


235 

14 

113 


4,973 


Multlunlts 


539 




686 




997 

50 

13.452 


15,332 
3,400 

921,273 


1 
2 

58C 


(X) 
(x) 

(x) 


20 
1 

1.635 


(x) 
(x) 

(x) 


318 
29 

7.213 


8,535 
633 

268.533 


551 

12 

2.769 


2,143 

106 

13.687 


107 
6 

1.255 


(x) 




(x) 


other retail stores, total 


18.552 




12,043 
1,409 

2,946 

2,785 

161 

1,035 
576 
459 

1,306 

1,187 

119 

590 

50C 

90 

1,261 

1,127 

134 

724 
636 
88 

143 
122 
21 

5,447 

5,110 
337 


691,062 
230,211 

356,216 

299,012 

57,204 

207,338 
92,658 
114,680 

79,803 
65,019 
14,784 

40,179 
29, 565 
10,614 

54,976 
44,416 

10,560 

28,821 
24,461 
4,360 

4,924 
3,476 
1,448 

149,016 

132,455 

16, 561 


355 
225 

255 

201 

54 

214 
72 
142 

40 
29 

U 
19 

11 
8 

14 
13 
1 

2 
2 

1 
1 

35 

26 

9 


(x) 
(x) 

(x) 
(x) 
43,349 

107,951 
41,461 
66,490 

24, 512 

18,624 

5,888 

10,966 

(x) 

(X) 

14,641 

(x) 

(x) 

(x) 
(x) 

(x) 

(x) 

17,968 

(x) 

(x) 


1,206 
429 

664 
603 
61 
429 
201 
228 

153 
117 
36 

88 
6C 
28 
74 
39 
35 

49 
36 
13 

7 
2 
5 

171 
148 
23 


(x) 

(x) 

(x) 

(x) 

(x) 

78,518 

36,513 

42,005 

24,195 
18,160 
6,035 

14, 167 
9,526 
4,641 

10,788 

(x) 

(x) 

(x) 
(x) 
2,032 

(x) 

(x) 

(x) 

27,390 

(x) 

(x) 


6,643 
570 

1,574 

1,535 

39 

324 

240 

84 

803 
756 

47 
336 
288 

48 

739 

660 

79 

507 

452 

55 

89 
77 
12 

2,841 

2,635 

206 


241,598 
26,935 

71.009 
(x) 
(x) 

18,845 

13.175 

5,670 

27,947 

25,804 

2,143 

12,962 
10,861 
2,101 

25,906 
(x) 

(x) 

19,290 
17,113 
2,177 

3,049 

2,380 

669 

89,525 

82,185 

7,340 


2,672 
97 

346 
345 

1 

27 
27 

200 

193 

7 

92 
88 

4 

301 

294 

7 

101 
84 
17 

35 
32 
3 

1,667 

1,609 

58 


13,103 
584 

1,730 

(x) 

(x) 
101 
101 

1,146 
1,106 

40 

496 
(X) 
(x) 
1,483 
1,426 
57 

499 
393 

106 

211 
186 
25 

8,021 

7,694 

327 


1,167 
88 

107 
101 
6 
41 
36 
5 

110 
92 
18 

55 
53 
2 

133 

121 

12 

65 
62 
3 

11 

10 

1 

733 

692 

41 


15,359 




3.193 




3.757 




3,193 




564 




1,923 




1,408 




515 




2,003 




1,325 




678 




1,588 




(x) 




(x) 




2,158 




(x) 




(x) 




892 




847 


Multlunlts, 


45 




119 




(x) 




(x) 




6,112 




5,360 


Multlunlts 


752 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2,80 



RETAIL TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2G.— SALES SIZE OF SINGLE AND MULTIUNITS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 

Stores and Sales 





Al 


stores 


Stores operated entire year with annual sales of— 


Stcres no 
enbr 




Geographic division, land of buameas, and 
single and multiumtB^ 


$300,000 cr mere 


$100,000 to $299,999 


$10,000 to $99,999 


Less than $10,000 


e year 


Number 


Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Stores 

{Humhc) 


Sales, 
entire year 

(Tliousana 
dollors) 


Stores 
(Number) 


Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Stores 
dumber) 


Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Stores 
(Number) 


Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Number 


Sales 

(Thxuaml 
dollari) 


MIDDLE ATLANTIC DIVISION 
Total 


395,268 


28,175,162 


13,720 


11,849,421 


36,015 


5,379,656 


238,658 


8,911,795 


61,372 


304,876 


45 , 503 


1,229,414 




359,144 
36,124 


19,266,294 
8,908,868 


7,372 
6,346 


5,681,726 
6,167,695 


26,230 
9,785 


4,199,311 
1,680,345 


223,197 
15,461 


6,125,629 
786, 166 


59,935 
1,437 


296,553 
3,323 


42,410 
3,093 


953,075 


Multiunits 


266,339 




123,746 


7,514,752 


3,502 


2,535,735 


9,698 


1,535,169 


75,902 


2.373,693 


20,625 


96,101 


14,019 


419,054 




111,198 
12,548 

35,034 

31,643 

3,391 

32,121 
27,426 
4,695 

14,365 

13,380 

985 

15,158 

r3,610 

1,548 

4,264 

3,687 
577 

6,627 

5,984 

643 

16,177 
15,468 

709 

77,845 


4,379,449 
3,U5,303 

1,253,158 

390,050 
363,108 

3,633,116 
1,511,894 
2,171,222 

839,500 
725,258 
114,242 

281,558 
205,249 

76,309 

638,811 
352,035 
286,726 

278,657 

228,402 

50,255 

534,952 

466,511 

63,441 

2,873,455 


741 
2,761 
229 
52 
177 

2,579 

275 

2,304 

196 
130 
66 

45 
14 
31 

339 
214 
125 

23 
15 
13 

84 
41 
43 

700 


426,831 
2,158,904 

96,333 
24,517 
71,816 

1,907,369 

145,065 

1,762,304 

93,411 
63,024 
30,337 

27,577 
8,227 

19,350 

400,391 
156,401 
243,990 

13,014 
6,975 
6,039 

47,640 
22,622 
25,018 

412,570 


6,464 
3,234 

1,912 

846 

1,066 

4,175 
2,868 
1,307 

1,684 

1,369 

315 

145 
45 

100 

648 
493 
150 

517 
354 
163 

617 
484 
133 

3,076 


971,219 
563,950 

285,608 
121,210 
164,393 

687,116 
431,333 
255,763 

259,595 

205,509 

54,086 

22,789 
6,553 
16,236 

109,209 
33, 773 
25,436 

76,050 
50,930 
25,070 

94,302 
71,361 
22,941 

430,245 


71,034 
4,668 

21,771 
19,933 

1,633 

20,352 

19,754 

598 

10,014 

9,559 

455 

7,173 
6,147 
1,031 

2,577 

2,361 

216 

4,351 

3,983 

368 

9,659 

9,297 

362 

52,928 


2,622,226 
256,467 

765,604 
643,059 
117,545 

874,492 
839,513 
34,979 

435,678 

412,216 

23,462 

187,593 
150,979 
36,614 

107,367 
93,066 
9,301 

167,369 

149,786 

17, 583 

340,090 

323,607 

16,483 

1,737,317 


20,150 
475 

7,375 

7,356 

19 

1,827 

1,810 

17 

1,109 

1,083 

26 

5,357 
5,117 

240 

321 
275 
46 

838 

788 

50 

3,798 

3,721 

77 

9,954 


93,459 
2,642 

34,277 

34, 162 

115 

9,756 

9,647 

109 

6,055 

5,907 

148 

23,287 

21,896 

1,391 

1,878 

1,536 

292 

4,404 

4,147 

257 

16,444 

16,114 

330 

55,388 


12,809 
1,210 

3,747 
3,456 

291 

3,188 

2,719 

469 

1,360 
1,239 

121 

2,433 

2,267 

146 

379 
339 

40 

893 
644 
49 

2,019 

1,925 

94 

11,167 


265,714 




153,340 




76,335 




52,102 




14,234 




204,383 




86,335 




118,047 




44,761 




38,602 




5,159 




20,312 




17,594 




2,718 




19,466 




12,259 




7,207 




17,820 




16,514 




1,306 




35.976 




32,307 




3,669 


Eating and drinlting places, total 


192,435 




75,023 
2,822 

1,632 


2,513,421 
365,034 

107,582 


408 
292 

41 


222,929 
189,641 

32,334 


2,525 
551 

162 


386,976 
93,269 

26,597 


51,403 
1,525 

1,141 


1,663,331 
69,486 

45,514 


9,813 

141 

185 


54, 588 
800 

952 


10,874 
313 

103 


130,597 




11,833 




2,185 




1,507 
125 

10,155 


68,032 
39,500 

3,205,757 


10 
31 

1,056 


7,251 
25,083 

2,773,262 


95 

67 

1,216 


13,872 
12,725 

219,530 


1,117 
24 

4,817 


43,873 
1,641 

171,751 


183 
2 

2,114 


(x) 
(x) 

10,193 


102 
1 

952 


(x) 


Multiunits 


(x) 


General merchandise group, total 


31,021 




7,912 
2,243 

366 
169 

197 

6,386 

5,850 
536 

3,403 
1,393 

1,510 

35,212 


1,206,614 
1, 998, 943 

2,305,927 

904,496 

1,401,431 

332,774 
243,139 
89,635 

567,056 
59, 179 
507,877 

2,869,026 


243 
813 

354 
164 
190 

172 
77 
95 

530 

2 

523 

1,135 


961, 718 
1,811,544 

2,293,373 
(x) 
(x) 

111,782 
59,379 
51,903 

363,107 
(x) 
(x) 

1,203,369 


442 
774 

9 
4 

5 

513 
369 
144 

694 

69 

625 

4,461 


72,248 
147,232 

2,406 
1,016 
1,390 

67,093 
61,747 
25,346 

130,031 

9,485 

120,546 

705,742 


4,296 
521 

3,309 

3,093 

211 

1,503 
1,193 

310 

20,613 


145,252 
26,499 

113,619 

103,426 

10,193 

58,132 
41,826 

16,306 

336,839 


2,063 
31 

1,712 

1,683 

24 

402 
395 

7 

5,336 


9,987 
206 

8,137 

7,979 

158 

2,056 

2,008 

48 

27,727 


348 
104 

3 

1 
2 

660 

618 

62 

259 
229 

40 

3,612 


17,609 


Multiunits 


13,412 




10, 148 




(x) 




(x) 


Dry goods, general merchandise stores 


12,143 
10,108 




2,035 




8,730 




(x) 




(x) 


J\pparel group, total 


95,349 




28,884 
6,328 

7,053 
5,971 
1,082 

2,223 

1,770 
453 

8,735 
7,334 
1,401 

2,021 

1.71 

320 

4,236 

3,525 

763 

5,693 
3,636 
2,007 

5,149 

4,847 

302 

19,605 


1,653,881 
1,215,145 

637,703 
421,005 
216,703 

467,226 
152,287 
314,939 

899,309 
578,405 
32r,904 

36,958 

27,134 

9,824 

169,774 
100,825 
68,949 

425,036 
168,859 
256,177 

233,015 
205,366 
27,649 

1,633,397 


547 
638 

312 
150 
162 

153 
44 
114 

425 
232 
193 

2 

2 

35 

10 
25 

166 
33 
128 

87 
71 

16 

1,003 


493,789 

709,580 

234,140 
104,487 
129,653 

352,100 
73,957 
278, 143 

463,562 
243,764 
214,798 

(x) 
(x) 

15,297 
3,643 
11,454 

37,132 
18,759 
66,423 

(x) 
(x) 
7,109 

611,407 


2,654 

1,607 

1,133 
861 
322 

276 

186 
90 

1,228 
847 
331 

17 
12 

5 

333 

129 
204 

1,047 
296 
751 

377 

323 

54 

3,109 


41i,491 
291,251 

136,091 
134,965 
51,126 
45,655 
30,304 
15,351 

196,832 
134, 160 
62,722 

(x) 
(x) 
766 

50,192 
19,118 
31,074 

164,833 
43,630 
121,203 

(x) 
(x) 
9,009 

513,024 


17,380 
3,238 

4,365 

3,698 

487 

1,356 

1,141 

215 

4,930 

4,302 

678 

1,061 
835 
246 

2,412 

1,991 

421 

3,499 
2,491 
1,008 

2,905 

2,722 

183 

10,337 


660,016 
176,823 

192,303 
(x) 
(x) 

56,033 
43,779 
12,254 

207,024 
169, 991 
37,033 

27,919 
19, 910 
8,009 

89,369 
67,670 
22,199 

157,914 
97,023 
60,391 

105,772 
(x) 
(x) 

428,130 


5,221 
115 

567 

565 

2 

256 

242 

14 

1,113 

1,089 

24 

753 
723 
35 

932 
907 
25 

513 

505 

8 

1,197 

1,190 

7 

3,023 


27,023 
704 

3,152 

(x) 

(x) 
1,425 
1,339 
36 

5,964 

5,816 

143 

3,854 

3,609 

245 

4,466 

4,332 

134 

2,792 

2,750 

42 

6,074 
(x) 
(x) 

14,875 


3,082 
530 

606 
497 
109 

177 
157 
20 

1,039 
914 
125 

163 
129 
34 

575 

488 

88 

468 
355 
112 

583 
541 
42 

2,133 


58,562 




36,787 


Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores..,. 


22.017 
13,930 


Multiunits. 


8,087 




12,013 




2,908 




9,105 




25,877 




19,674 




6,203 


Millinery stores. 


2,039 




1,235 


Multiunits 


8M 


Other apparel accessory, specialty stores... 


9,950 
S,862 




4,088 




12,265 




6,647 




5,618 




11,188 




8,306 


Multiunits 


2,882 


Furniture; furnishings, appliance group, total 


60,961 




17,430 
2,125 

5,160 

4,557 

623 

6,651 

6,477 

374 

7,574 
6,446 
1,123 


1,207,582 
425,815 

636,245 
495,269 

190,976 

293,626 

235,102 

63,524 

648,526 
477,211 
171,315 


632 
371 

487 
322 
165 

139 
73 
66 

377 
237 
140 


348,391 
263,016 
317,501 
178,909 
138, 592 

74,304 
37,526 
36,778 

219,602 

131,956 

87,646 


2,466 
641 

1,337 

1,105 

232 

487 
384 

103 

1,285 
979 
306 


407,653 
110,371 

226,446 
185,482 
40,964 

79,091 
61,068 
18,023 

212,487 

161,103 

51,384 


9,499 
838 

2,586 

2,4U7 
179 

3,499 
3,349 

150 

4,252 

3,743 

509 


384,798 
43,332 

121,490 

111,793 

9,692 

124,173 

116,452 

7,726 

182,462 

156,548 

25,914 


2,913 

110 

351 

338 

13 

1,845 

1,822 

23 

327 

753 

74 


14,287 
588 

1,928 

1,870 
58 

8,348 

8,215 

133 

4,599 

4,202 

397 


1.968 
165 

419 

385 

34 

881 
849 
32 

833 

734 

99 


52,453 




8,308 




18,880 




17,210 


Multiunits 


1,670 




12,705 




11,841 


Multiunits 


864 




29, 375 




23,402 




5,974 







See footnotes at end of table. 



SALES SIZE 



2.81 



Tabic 2G.— SALES SIZE OF SINGLE AND MULTIUNITS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 

Storu and Salbs 



Geographic divuicn, land of busineM, ind 
single ukI muiounitB^ 



MIDDLE ATLANTIC DTVISION— Continued 

Autcmotive group, total 

Single units 

Hultlunl t5 

Motor vehicle dealers 

Single unl ts 

Hultlunl ts 

Tlpe, battery, accessory dealers 

Single units 

Hultlunl te 

All other automotive dealers 

Single units t 

Hultlunl ts 

Gasoline service stations, total 

Single units 

Naltiunlts 

Lunber, building, hardware group, total... 

Single units 

Hultlunl ts 

Lujober yards, building materials dealers 

Single units 

Hultlunl ts 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Single units 

Hultiunlts 

Hardware stores 

Single units 

Hultiunlts 

Farm equipment dealers 

Single units 

Hultiunlts 

DrMg and proprietary stores, total 

Single units 

Hultiunlts 

Drug stores. 

Single units 

Hultiunlts 

Drug stores, with fountain 

Single units 

Hultiunlts 

Drug stores, without fountain 

Single units 

Hultiunlts 

Proprietary stores , 

Single units 

Hultiunlts , 

Liquor stores , total 

Single units 

Hultiunlts 

Second-hand stores, total 

Single units 

Hultiunlts 

Other retail stores, total 

Single units 

mltlunlts 

Fuel, fu«l oil. Ice dealers 

Single units 

Hultiunlts 

Feed, farm, garden supply stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Je^^lry stores 

Single units 

mitiunlts 

Book, stationery stores 

Single units 

Hultiunlts 

Cigar stores and stands 

Single units 

Hultiunlts 

Hews dealers, newsstands 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Optical goods stores 

Single units 

Hultiunlts 

All other retail stores,.,.. 

Single units , 

Hultiunlts 

See footnotes at end of table. 



12,028 
1,395 

9,573 

8,970 

603 

3,106 

2,343 

763 

lU. 

715 

29 



29,894 
1,137 



13,893 
1,UC 

3,362 

2,9% 

366 

■4,349 

3,946 

403 

6,082 

5,771 

311 

1,240 

1,180 

60 



Sain. 
entire year 

(Thoujdnd 
dollarj) 



11,097 
1,076 

10,929 

9,986 

943 

5,617 

5,002 

615 

5,312 

4,984 

328 

1,244 

1,111 



6,404 
675 



3,164 
183 



40,660 
4,327 

6,378 

5,984 

394 

2,895 

2,111 

784 

4,542 

4,038 

504 

2,189 

2,019 

170 

7,772 

7,350 

422 

3,022 

2,201 

821 

686 
543 
143 

17,503 
16,414 
1.089 



2,982,961 
404,511 

3,143,090 

2,821,506 

321,584 

195,096 
117,321 
77,775 

49,286 

44,134 

5,152 



921,531 
76,938 



1,263,320 
246,304 

732,238 
629,317 
102,921 

234,055 
189,899 
44.156 

395,884 
304,252 
91,132 
147,947 
139,852 
8,095 



557,773 
163,911 

672,226 
517,936 
154,290 

394,400 
286,269 
108,131 

277,826 
231,667 
46,159 

49,458 
39,837 
9,621 

616,500 



417,077 
199,423 



52,450 
5,675 



2,041,953 
632,366 

773,852 
634,412 
139,440 

546,164 
324,028 
222,136 

269,827 
200,425 
69,402 

166,958 
120,464 
46,494 

241,355 
196,739 
44,616 

87,250 
56.784 
30,466 

22,520 
15,123 
7,397 

566,393 

493,978 

72,415 



$300,000 or more 



Stores 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thoujand 
dol larj) 



3,094 



2,794 
300 

3,012 
2,739 

273 

55 
32 
23 



2,294,872 



2,015,187 
279,685 

2,25H,14t 

1,990,11,1 

267,985 

24,156 
15,565 
8,591 

12,570 
9,461 
3,109 

21,906 



Stores operated entire year with annual sales of — 



$10,000 to $99,999 



$100,000 to $299,999 



Stores 



3,794 



3,319 
475 

3,177 

2,997 

180 

526 
238 
288 

91 
84 



15,892 

6,014 



847 
233 

731 
620 
111 

88 
59 
29 

177 
91 
86 
84 
77 



57 
119 

172 

57 

115 

110 
28 
82 

62 
29 
33 



67 
261 



984 
5U 

562 
434 
128 

523 
268 
255 

106 
57 
49 

74 
51 
23 

67 
53 
14 



3 
2 

1 

151 

115 

36 



474,476 
156,994 

431,117 
361,648 
69,469 

36,799 
25,431 

11,363 

124,779 
51,184 
73,595 
38,775 
36,213 
2,562 

78,893 



24,331 
54,562 

77,446 
24,331 
53,115 

48,259 
11,371 
36,888 

29,187 
12,960 
16,227 



30,569 
146,651 



3,255 
1,100 



657,107 
364,921 

(x) 
293,639 
(x\ 

302,198 
150,270 
151,923 

82,839 
51,059 
31,780 

73,740 
39,891 
33,349 
52,139 
38,935 
13,204 

4,573 
(x) 
(xl 

1,179 
(xl 
(X) 

(x) 

79,7% 

(xl 



783 
197 



2,380 
348 

1,211 

1,063 

148 

498 
375 

123 

611 
557 

54 
408 
385 

23 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Tliousdnd 
dollarj) 



612,362 
31,684 

595,301 
560,615 
34,686 

84,074 
38,260 
45,814 

15,171 

13,987 

1,184 



108,549 
29,092 



Stores 

(Muwbe r) 



4,384 



3,899 
485 

2,090 

2,015 

75 

1,8% 

1,498 

398 

398 

386 

12 



20,288 
724 



1,025 
509 

1,470 
983 
482 

942 
595 
347 

528 
393 
135 

64 
37 
27 



889 
223 



3,120 
950 

1,257 

1,115 

V.2 

939 
639 
300 

443 
315 
128 

247 

194 

53 

262 
133 
129 

121 
60 
61 

31 
18 
13 

720 
596 
124 



406,517 
60,645 

221,770 
195,284 
26,486 

80,001 
59,129 
20,872 

96,734 
87,402 

9,332 
68,657 
64,702 

3,955 



145,565 
85,424 

222,181 
140,737 
81,444 

145,092 
84,777 
60,315 

77,089 
55,960 
21,129 

3,303 
4,823 
3,980 



135,676 
39,944 



10,093 
1,370 



513,590 
163,338 

(x) 
187,299 
(xl 

175,212 

119,264 

55,948 

73,605 
51,338 
22,267 

39,669 
30,909 
3,760 

39,364 
21,101 
18,263 

18,069 
(x) 
(x) 
4,522 
(xi ■ 
(xl 

(X) 

93,197 
(xi 



7,859 
460 

1,064 
992 
72 

2,678 

2,456 

222 

4,023 

3,878 

145 

554 

533 

21 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousdnd 
dollflTj) 



187,112 
26,342 

119,154 

115,295 

3,859 

78,084 
56,245 
21,839 

16,216 

15,572 

644 



706,755 
37,104 



8,866 
368 

8,306 

8,013 

293 

4,130 

3,974 

156 

4,176 

4,039 

137 

928 

853 

75 



4,791 

177 



1,024 
102 



21,741 
2,131 

3,U6 

3,041 

95 

1,090 
895 
195 

2,845 

2,565 

230 

1,283 

1,211 

72 

4,081 

3,832 

199 

1,799 

1,242 

557 

441 
330 
111 

9,197 

8,575 

622 



329,430 
24,282 

59,185 

(xi 

(X) 

105,493 
94,452 

11,041 

158,299 
150,630 

7,669 

30,735 

(x) 

(x) 

384,175 



Less than $10,000 



Stores 
iJiuniberl 



645 



622 
23 

179 
175 

4 

355 

339 
16 

111 

103 

3 



4,590 
39 



1,610 



363,579 
20,5% 

348,492 

331,561 

16,931 

137,272 

178,141 

9,131 

161,220 

153,420 

7,300 

35,683 
32,018 
3,665 

244,947 



(x) 
(x) 



(x) 
(X) 



839,760 



750,180 
89,580 

141,468 
(x) 
(xl 

56,022 
45,506 
10,516 

103,140 
89,144 
13,9% 

48,514 

45,014 

3,500 

120,471 
110,157 
10,314 

56,401 
39,454 
16,947 

15,446 
10,620 
4,826 

293,298 
273,906 
(X) 



1,591 
19 

107 

105 

2 

680 

671 

9 

766 
760 
6 
57 
55 
2 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollar j) _ 



3,304 
160 

956 

942 

14 

1,922 

1,794 

128 

586 
568 

18 

23,928 



23,702 
226 

8,414 



497 
13 

337 

332 

5 

106 
106 

231 
276 

5 

123 

115 



114 
2 



1,6% 
59 



10,462 

408 

1,104 

1,090 



126 
122 

4 

773 

756 

17 

404 

397 

7 

2,346 

2,323 

23 

854 
678 
176 

155 
142 
13 

5,103 

4,954 

154 



8,304 
110 

538 

(x) 
(x) 

3,364 

3,316 

48 

4,246 

4,206 
40 
266 

(x) 

(x) 

3,287 



Stores not operated 
entire year 



Number 



1,394 
112 

1,115 

1,044 

71 

274 
236 
38 
117 
114 
3 



4,200 
162 



3,230 
57 

2,629 

2,600 

29 

705 
705 

1,924 

1,895 

29 

653 

630 

28 



(x) 
(x) 



6,464 
381 



50,616 
2,423 

4,512 
(x) 
(x) 

642 

624 

18 

4,597 

4,473 

124 

1,971 

1,934 

37 

11,456 

11,352 

104 

4,311 

(xi 

(x) 

834 

312 

72 

24,666 

23,859 

307 



249 
216 
33 

405 

385 

20 

505 
485 
20 
137 
130 



(Tlioujjnd 
dollars) 



652 
67 

594 
546 
48 

329 
299 

30 

265 

247 

18 

125 
106 



543 
12 



369 
10 



4,353 
327 

319 
304 
15 

167 
137 
30 

375 
345 
30 

181 
166 

15 

1,016 
959 

57 

239 
217 
22 

56 

51 

5 

2,327 

2,174 

153 



164,4% 
16,640 

169,533 
154,493 
15,040 

6,860 
5,457 
1,403 

4,743 

4,546 

197 



66,633 
4,502 



48,866 



U,593 
4,273 

19,623 
16,893 
2,735 

8,398 

7,571 

827 

11,326 

10,830 

496 

9,514 

9,299 

215 

24,340 



21,068 
3,272 

21,478 
18,707 
2,771 

13,072 
11,275 
1,797 

3,406 

7,432 

974 

2,862 

2,361 

501 



16,500 
1,550 



(x) 
(x) 



70,460 
12,104 

12,923 

(xi 

(x) 

12,090 
8,364 
3,726 

5,646 

4,411 
1,235 

3,064 

2,716 

348 

17,925 
15,194 
2,731 

3,891 

(xi 

(X) 

489 

455 

34 

26,531 
23,220 



2.82 



RETAIL TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2G.— SALES SIZE OF .SINGLE AND MULTIUNITS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 

Storb8 and Sales 





All 


stores 


Stores operated entire year with annual sales of — 




Stores no 
entire 


operated 




$300.(X» or more 


$100,000 


to $299,999 


$10,000 to $99,999 


Le» than $10,000 


year 


Geographic djviaion. land of busmcaa. and 
single and mulounits^ 


Number 


. Sales, 
entire yen 

dollars) 


Stores 
(>(u>7ibeT) 


Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Stores 
(^lumber) 


■ entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Stores 
(Xumber) 


Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousflnd 
dolUrs) 


Stores 
(Number) 


Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Number 


Sales 

(Thnuand 
dollar.) 


EAST NORTH CE-JTRAL DIVISION 
Total 


350,319 


28,901,766 


14,255 


12.343,705 


40,573 


6,627,384 


208,558 


8,296,588 


39,494 


209,684 


47,439 


1,424,405 




316,417 
33,902 


19,970,113 
3,931,653 


8,084 
6,171 


6 228,138 
6,115,567 


30,071 
10,502 


4,810,361 
1,816,523 


195,206 
13,352 


7,594,616 
701,972 


38,572 
922 


204,339 
5,345 


44,484 
2,955 


1,132,159 


MulUunits 


292,246 




91,589 


6,661,702 


3,260 


2,306,047 


10,029 


1,578,252 


55,562 


2,303,059 


9,969 


50,634 


12,769 


423,710 




82,290 
9,299 

17,201 
15,733 
1,468 

48,991 

43,938 

5,053 

5,343 
4,826 

517 

6,642 

5,811 

831 

3,116 

2,382 

734 

4,500 

4,122 

378 

5,796 

5,478 

318 

77,310 


3,999,609 
2,662,093 

612,827 
433,292 
179,535 

4,623,181 
2,556,859 
2,066,322 

383,405 
305,245 
78,160 

165,300 
93,358 
66 942 
492,899 
239,866 
203,033 

166,757 
145,749 
21,008 

217,333 
170,240 
47,093 

2,499,533 


758 
2,502 

50 
23 

27 

2,698 

459 

2,239 

113 
53 
60 

46 
9 
37 

264 
182 
32 

13 

11 

2 

76 
21 
55 

349 


432,569 
1,873,478 

20, %8 
9,858 

11,110 

1,833,851 
226,837 

1,607,014 

51,743 
24,157 
27,586 

35,685 
4,028 
31,657 

316,969 
153,445 
163,524 

5,3X 
(x) 

(x) 

41,497 

(X) 

(xl 

186,314 


7,261 
2,768 

1,259 
436 
823 

6,308 
5,341 
1,467 

915 
697 
218 

108 
47 
61 

495 

397 

98 

132 
135 
47 

262 

208 
54 

2,425 


1,091,218 
487,034 

188,686 

62,650 

126,036 

1,082,342 
799,029 
283,313 

U3,996 
105,479 
38,517. 

15,935 
7,213 
8,722 

79,085 
65,072 
14,013 

25,879 

(xi 

(x) 

42,329 

(xi 

(x) 

365,106 


52,308 
2,754 

9,955 

9,537 

413 

30,819 

30,076 

743 

3,430 

3,247 

183 

3,280 

2,703 

577 

1,795 

1,331 

464 

3,197 

2,938 

259 

3,086 

2,976 

110 

51,137 


2,152,936 
150,073 

341,327 

310,111 

31,216 

1,386,143 

1,341,298 

44,350 

166,397 

156,082 

10,315 

94,034 
69,9% 
24,038 

83,094 
60,050 
23,044 

120,074 
108,432 
11,642 

111,985 

107,017 

4,968 

1,675,609 


9,754 
215 

3,370 
3,366 

4 

2,285 

2,271 

14 

299 
288 

11 

2,024 

1,938 

86 

178 

162 

16 

392 

375 

17 

1,421 

1,354 

67 

9,783 


49,459 
1,175 

17,122 

17,102 

20 

13,494 

13,403 

91 

1,499 

1,422 

77 

9,311 

8,802 

509 

953 
866 

37 

2,322 
2,205 

117 

5,933 

5,659 

274 

56,357 


11,709 
1,060 

2,567 

2,371 

196 

6,381 

5,791 

590 

586 
541 
45 

1,184 

1,114 

70 

334 
310 
74 

716 

663 

53 

951 
919 
32 

14,066 


273,377 




150,333 




44,724 




33,571 




11,153 




307,346 




176,292 




131,054 




19,770 




18,105 




1,665 




10,335 




8,319 




2,016 




U,798 




10,433 




2,365 




13,148 




12,019 




1,129 




15,589 




14,638 




951 


Eating and drinking places^ total 


216,197 




75,095 
2,715 

2,201 


2,266,799 
232,784 

135,783 


240 
109 

45 


120,107 
66,207 

25,932 


1,903 
522 

248 


281,500 
83,606 

39,236 


49,624 
1,563 

1,532 


1,604,151 
71,458 

64,703 


9,629 
154 

206 


55,435 
922 

1,172 


13,699 
367 

170 


205,606 




10,591 




4,690 




2,117 
84 

8,292 


116,447 
19,336 

3,922,583 


29 
16 

1,411 


14,688 
11,294 

3,449,752 


213 
35 

1,495 


33,298 
5,938 

268,351 


1,501 
31 

3,978 


(x) 
(X) 

167,459 


206 
764 


1,172 
4,010 


163 

2 

644 


(x) 




(X) 




33,011 




5,402 
2,890 

623 
215 
403 

3,819 

3,094 

725 

3,850 
2,093 
1,757 

22,443 


1,307,587 
2,614,996 

2,954,378 

992,728 

1,%1,650 

439,232 
244,916 
194,316 

528,973 

69,943 

459,030 

2,030,044 


340 
1,071 

608 
206 
402 

353 
131 
222 

450 

3 

447 

996 


1,078,283 
2,371,469 

2,938,162 

935,590 

1,952,572 

225,292 
91,393 
133,899 

286,298 

1,300 

234,998 

807,913 


493 
1,002 

6 

... 

649 
405 
244 

840 

32 

758 

3,514 


78,336 
139,465 

1,663 
1,663 

112,786 
66,583 
46,203 

153,902 

10,640 

143,262 

556,874 


3,294 
684 

2,077 

1,885 

192 

1,901 

1,409 

492 

13,243 


130,319 
37,140 

88,802 
78,133 
10,619 

78,657 
52,136 
26,521 

577,257 


741 
23 

431 

416 

15 

333 

325 

8 

2,444 


3,868 
142 

2,272 

2,133 

34 

1,738 

1,680 

58 

13,369 


534 
110 

9 
3 
6 

309 

257 

52 

326 

274 

52 

2,246 


16,231 




16,780 




14,553 




5,475 




9,078 


Dry goods, general merchandise stores 


10,080 
6,569 




3,511 




8,373 




4,187 




4,191 


Apparel group , total 


74,626 




17,239 
5,204 

4,827 

4,074 

753 

1,931 

1,489 

442 

5,4X 
4,028 
1,406 

1,363 

1,025 

338 

1,339 
985 
354 

4,577 
2,880 
1,697 

2,972 

2,758 

214 

16,603 


1,203,617 
826,427 

478,026 
352,390 
125,636 

320,644 
156,464 
164,180 

668,093 
385,169 
232,929 

24,298 
13,992 
10,306 

64,954 
33,601 
31,353 

332,660 
137,505 
195,155 

141,364 

124,496 

16,868 

1,364,938 


525 

471 

259 

164 

95 

171 
91 
80 

392 
207 

135 

20 

7 
13 

111 
21 
90 

43 
35 
8 

809 


401 ,072 
406,846 

166,099 

103,438 

62,661 

190,538 
72,842 
117,696 

343,532 
177,177 
166,355 

13,449 
6,506 
6,943 

60,530 
10,719 
49,811 

33,770 

30,390 

3,380 

462,450 


2,058 
1,456 

9% 
756 
240 

407 
269 

138 

1,017 
587 
430 

13 
6 

7 

98 
38 
60 

776 
236 
540 

207 
166 
41 

2,770 


324,397 
232,477 

156,354 

118,216 

38,138 

65,611 
42,443 
23,168 

166,408 
94,948 
71,460 

2,045 

334 

1,211 

15,185 
5,850 
9,335 

118,657 
35,844 
32,813 

32,614 
26,262 
6,352 

459,825 


10,458 
2,785 

2,904 

2,564 

340 

1,070 
880 
190 

3,021 

2,349 

672 

726 
453 
273 

806 
570 
236 

2,989 

2,042 

947 

1,727 

1,600 

127 

8,969 


425,271 
151,986 

138,380 

118,173 

20,707 

48,971 
(x< 
(x) 
135,443 
98,453 
36,990 

18,312 
10,105 
3,207 

32,018 
13,902 
13,116 

139,495 
(xi 
(x) 

64,138 
58,233 
5,905 

373,875 


2,380 
64 

231 

223 

3 

115 

113 

2 

449 

436 

13 

506 
469 

37 

237 

233 

4 

320 
319 

1 

586 

582 

4 

2,319 


12,930 
439 

1,310 

1,288 

22 

678 
(x) 
(X) 

2,601 

2,526 

75 

2,668 
2,393 

275 

1,175 

1,157 

13 

1,893 

(xi 

(x) 
3,044 
3,021 
23 

11,557 


1,813 
428 

437 
362 
75 

168 
136 
32 

555 
449 

106 

118 
97 
21 

178 
137 
41 

381 
262 
119 

409 

375 

34 

1,736 


39,947 




34,679 


Men's boys' clothing, furnishings stores 


15,383 
11,275 




4,108 




14,846 




2,969 




11,877 




20, lU 




12,065 




8,049 




1,273 




660 




613 


Other apparel accessory, specialty stores... 


3,127 
1,186 




1,941 




12,085 




5,202 




6,833 




7,798 




6,390 




1,208 


Furniture, furnishings, appliance group, total 


53,231 




14,420 
2,183 

5,054 

4,390 

664 

3,453 

3,201 

252 

8,096 
6,829 
1,267 


1,006,509 
358,429 

652,463 
493,291 
159,172 

1%,636 

144,939 

51,747 

515,789 
368,279 
147,510 


490 
319 

475 
319 
156 

107 
57 
50 

227 
lU 
113 


260,289 
202,161 

277,011 
172,692 
104,319 

59,566 
30,996 
23,570 

125,873 
56,601 
69,272 


2,167 
603 

1,372 

1,146 

226 

373 

275 
98 

1,025 
746 
279 


355,441 
104,384 

233,974 
193,574 
40,400 

62,977 
44,256 
18,721 

162,874 
117,611 
45,263 


8,083 
386 

2,515 

2,302 

213 

1,585 

1,520 

65 

4,869 

4,261 

608 


333,211 
42,664 

121,782 

109,766 

12,016 

59,493 
56,651 
2,842 

194,600 
156,794 
27,806 


2,103 
216 

262 

246 

16 

877 

866 

11 

1,180 
991 
189 


10,418 
1,139 

1,524 

1,417 
107 

3,570 

3,499 

71 

6,463 

5,502 

961 


1,577 
159 

430 
377 
53 

511 

483 

23 

795 
717 
78 


47,150 




8,081 




18,172 




15,842 


Hultlunito 


2,338 




11,080 




9,537 




1,543 




25,979 




21,771 




4,208 







See footnotes at end of table. 



SALES SIZE 



2.83 



Table 2G.— SALES SIZE OF SINGLE AND MULTIUNITS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 



Stx}rb8 and Sales 



Geographic division, bud of businea», ind 
single and muibunits' 



EAST nORTH CEWmjlL DIVISION-^Oontlnued 

Automotive group, total 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Motor vehicle dealers 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

All other automotive dealers 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Gasoline service stations, total 

Single units 

Multiunlts , 

LuBiier, building, hardware group, total..,, 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Lumber yards, building materials dealers, 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Hardware stores 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Farm equipment dealers 

Single units 

Multiunl ts 

Drug and proprietary stores, total 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Drug stores 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Drug stores, with fountain 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Drug stores, without fountain 

Single units 

mltiunlts 

Proprietary stores 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Litjuor stores , total 

Single units 

Multiunl ts 

Second-band stores , total 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Other retail stores, total 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Fuel, fuel oil, ice dealers 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Feed, farm, garden supply stores 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Jewelry stores 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Booli, stationery stores 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Cigar stores and stands 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

News dealers , newsstands 

Single units 

. Multiunlts 

Optical goods stores 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

All other retail stores 

Single urJts 

Moltlunits 

See footnotes at end of table. 



All stores 



16,692 
1,713 

13,186 

12,i36 

750 

3,959 

3,072 
887 

1,260 

1,184 

76 



35,187 
1,800 



23,566 



Sales, 
eolirc year 

{Thousand 
dolldTi) 



20,791 
2,775 

5,<191 
4,131 

1,360 

5,400 

4,732 

668 

8,233 

7,681 

552 

4,442 

4,247 

195 



9,497 
1,495 

9,494 
8,104 
1,390 

7,369 
6,254 
1,115 

2,125 

1,850 

275 

1,498 

1,393 

105 



4,988 

469 



2,692 
123 



30,007 
3,152 

5,426 

5,026 

400 

4,607 

3,783 

824 

4,511 

4,108 

403 

1,201 

1,050 

151 

2,310 

1,959 

351 

978 
852 
126 

283 

193 

90 

13,843 

13,036 

807 



4.041,069 
543,480 

4,227,243 

3,810,035 

417,208 

263,107 
149,289 
113,818 

94,199 
81,745 
12,454 



,297,539 
182,064 



2,000,231 
566,566 

1,169,397 
829,090 
340,307 

291,999 
231,189 
60,810 

583,262 
446,973 
136,289 

522,139 

492,979 

29,160 



613,329 
292,082 

837,802 
561,467 
276,335 

677,318 
444,70; 
232, 6U 

160,484 

116,763 
43.721 

67,609 
51,862 

15,747 



266,112 
138.679 



43,154 
4,301 



Stores operated entire year with annual sales of — 



$300,000 or mon: 



Stores 



3,441 
394 

3,674 

3,354 

320 

108 
46 
62 

53 
41 
12 



1,116 
439 

1,017 
748 
269 

92 
69 
23 

228 

102 

126 

218 
197 
21 



78 
247 

319 

78 

241 

267 

56 

211 

52 
22 

30 



6 

196 



36 

160 



1,808,111 
490,416 

604,805 
485,388 
119,417 

710,593 
515,767 
194,826 

260,038 
217,298 
42 ,740 

105.794 
74,301 
31,493 

90,890 
69,895 
20,995 

36,638 

28,113 

8,525 

11,135 
6,274 
4,861 

478,634 
411,075 
67,559 



942 
401 

374 
270 
104 

626 
418 
208 

115 
90 
25 

77 
50 
27 

24 
22 
2 

5 
2 
3 



120 
90 

30 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dolldrj) 



3,040,218 



2,662,339 
377,879 

2,961,731 

2,618,746 

342,985 

50,821 
22,084 
28,737 

27,666 
21,509 
6,157 



$100,000 to $299,999 



Stores 
(>tumb<T) 



5,386 



4,790 
596 

4,568 

4,358 

210 

637 
274 
363 

181 
158 
23 



37,375 
17,657 



602,413 
309,599 

628,740 
430,480 
198,260 

43,610 
31,413 
12,192 

145,163 
54,807 
90,356 

94,499 
85,708 
8,791 



33,706 
113,262 

141,863 

33,706 

108,157 

116,900 
22,042 
94,858 

24,963 
11,664 
13,299 



5.105 
120.551 



16,082 
104,469 



(X) 
(x) 



(x) 
(X) 

263, U3 
175,077 
88,056 

X8,070 
233,922 
114,148 

63,605 
51,502 
12,103 

49,680 
31,268 
18,412 

18,926 
(x) 
(X) 
2,986 
(x) 
(x) 

ix) 

(X)'" 

(x) 

54,709 

(x) 



1,279 
663 



4,631 
1,031 

2,279 

1,657 

622 

551 
394 
157 

1,109 
942 
167 

1,723 

1,638 

85 

2,303 



1,489 
814 

2,218 

1,449 

769 

1,795 

1,169 

626 

423 
280 
143 

85 
40 



584 
142 



3,156 
864 

1,139 

1,019 

120 

1,360 

1,010 

350 

480 
360 
120 

174 

118 

56 

133 
82 
51 

66 
38 
28 

20 
11 
9 

648 
518 
130 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



959,544 



857,074 
102,470 

828,398 
788,651 
39,747 
101,757 
42,652 
59,105 

29,389 

25,771 

3,618 



179, 583 
105,091 



770,504 
176,930 

407,892 
299,900 
107,992 

84,399 
60,384 
24,015 

175,052 
144,343 
30,709 

280,091 

265,877 

14,214 



$10,000 to $99,999 



Stores 
(Mumbe r) 



6,229 



5,703 
526 

3,174 

3,077 

97 

2,394 

1,991 

403 

661 
635 
26 



24,588 
910 



219,944 
149,895 

355,863 
214,157 
141,706 

288,140 
170, 765 
117,375 

67,723 
43,392 
24,331 

13,976 
5,787 
8,189 



86,422 
26,121 



(x) 
(X) 



(x) 

(x) 
189,119 
167,105 

22,014 

242,008 
176,884 
65,124 

78,187 
58,301 
19,886 

28,923 
18,939 
9,984 

20,637 
(X) 

(X) 

10,110 
(X) 

(X) 
(X) 

1,613 
(x) 

(x) 

83,113 

(x) 



11,638 
1,135 

1,710 

1,315 

395 



5,623 

5,391 

232 

1,921 

1.844 



Sales, 
entire year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



308,643 



277,298 
31,345 

182,553 
(X) 
(x) 

99, 377 
74,963 
24,414 

26,713 

(x) 

(x) 



954,050 
49,179 



6,903 
353 

6,166 

5,859 

307 

4,772 

4,550 

222 

1,394 

1,309 

35 

1,090 
1,044 



3,255 
140 



16,500 
1,505 

2,937 

2,792 

145 

2,017 

1,783 

234 

2,862 
2,667 

195 

598 
543 
55 

1,276 

1,023 

24« 

587 
517 
70 

177 
114 
63 

7,551 

7,056 

495 



532,408 
64,887 

97,458 
72,960 
24,498 

144,309 
123,081 
21,728 

239,897 

226,216 

13,631 

115,131 

110,151 

4,980 

356,373 



Less than $10,000 



Stores 
(Number) 



792 



768 
24 

179 

173 

6 

458 

441 

17 

155 

154 

1 



3,441 

31 



334,200 
22,173 

312,910 

292,759 

20,151 

250,663 
(xi 
(X) 

62,247 

(x) 

(x) 

43,463 
41,441 

2,022 

143,379 



(x) 

(x) 



25,028 
2.335 



621,977 
69,367 

138,132 

130,316 

7,866 

100,540 
86,558 
13,982 

106,978 

97,341 

9,137 

23,396 

(X) 

(X) 

42,754 

31,048 

11,706 

21,008 
18,571 
2,437 

6,319 

(x) 

(x) 
252,167 
233,141 

19,026 



1,450 
23 

118 

110 

8 

650 

644 

6 

595 

589 

6 

110 

107 

3 



Sales, 
entire year 

{Thousand 
dollar j) _ 



4,414 
155 

1,039 
(x) 
(x) 

2,739 

2,616 

123 

791 
(x) 
(x) 



19,097 
203 



330 
6 

204 

200 

4 

78 
76 
2 

126 

124 

2 

132 

130 



288 

1 



1,400 
23 



6,082 
142 

628 

619 

9 

272 

269 

3 

654 

636 

18 

222 

221 
1 

601 
589 
12 

221 

207 
14 

40 
33 
2 

3,586 

3,503 

33 



8,032 
162 

696 
652 
44 

3,541 

3,492 

49 

3,383 

3,334 

49 

624 

604 
20 



Stores not operated 
entire year 



1,990 
173 

1,591 

1,474 

117 

362 
320 
42 

210 

196 

U 



,797 
156 



1,986 
32 

1,218 

(x) 

(X) 

519 
(x) 
(x) 

699 
(x) 
(x) 

800 
(x) 
(x) 

1,666 



(X) 
(x) 



5,561 

145 



(x) 

(x) 
2,809 
2,772 
37 

1,332 

1,312 
20 

4,101 

3,994 

107 

1,064 
(x) 
(x) 

3,047 

2,961 

86 

1,034 
945 
89 

242 
Cx) 
(X) 

17,453 

16,982 

471 



1,956 
147 

367 
301 
66 

588 
537 
51 

678 

657 
21 

470 
461 



697 
75 

587 
518 
69 

457 

403 

54 

130 

115 
15 

185 
179 



825 
26 



387 
12 



3,327 
240 

348 
326 
22 

332 

303 
29 

400 
355 
45 

130 

118 

12 

276 

238 

38 



U 
30 
U 

1,933 

1,869 

69 



Sales 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



239 
31 

253, 

224, 

28, 



,944 
,631 

522 

637 
885 

,413 
,974 
,439 

,640 
,333 
,307 



107,434 
9,934 



36,824 
14,988 

34,611 

25,098 

9,513 

15,640 
12, 8U 
2,826 

19,767 
13,273 
1,494 

31,794 
30,639 
1,155 



30.213 



23,493 
6,720 

25,948 

(x) 
(x) 

21,096 

15,753 

5,338 

4,852 
(X) 
(x) 

4,265 
(xi 
(X) 



20,888 
764 



(x) 
(X) 

11,562 

10,118 

1,444 

18,643 

17,091 

1,552 

7,167 
5,660 
1,507 

2,731 
2,539 

192 

5,526 
3,978 
1,548 

1,500 

1,039 

461 

562 

(x) 
(X) 

23,919 

23,130 

739 



2.84 



RETAIL TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2G.— SALES SIZE OF SINGLE AND MULTIUNITS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 

Stores and Salbs 



Geographic division, land of busineae, and 
single and multiunits^ 



WEST NORTH CEfnRAL DIVISION 

Total 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Food group , total 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Grocery stores, with fresh meat 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Meat markets , fish markets 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Candy, nut, confectionery stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Dairy products stores, milk dealers 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Bakery products stores 

Single units. 

Multiunits 

All other food stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Eating and drinking places, total 

Single units 

Multiunits 

General stores , total 

Single units 

Multiunits 

General merchandise group, total 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Department stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Variety stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Apparel group, total 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Men's, boy's clothing, furnishings stores... 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Family clothing stores 

Single units 

Multiunits .' 

Women's ready-to-wear stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Millinery stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Other apparel accessory, specialty stores... 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Shoe stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

All other apparel stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Furniture, furnishings, appliance group, total 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Furniture stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Other home furnishing stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Household appliance, radio stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Al 


Btores 






stores ope 


rated entire ye 


ar witn ann 


uai sales ot — 






Stores no 
en tar 


t operated 


$300,C00 or more 


$100,000 


to $299,999 


$10,000 to $99,999 


Uss than $10,000 


e year 




Sales, 
. entire year 


Stores 


Sales, 
entire year 


Stores 


SaW, 
entire year 


Stores 


Sales, 
entire year 


Stores 


Sales, 
entire year 




Sales 




(Thmuiir\d 
dollars) 


(Xumber) 


{Thousand 
iblldrs) 


(Number) 


(ThouMml 


(Xumber) 


(Thousand 
dollars) 


(Number) 


(Thousand 
dollars) 




(TbouiaTid 
dollars) 


179, 2i6 


13,268,206 


6,181 


4,790,423 


21,617 


3,539,938 


104,625 


4,146,691 


22,291 


118,142 


24,532 


673,007 


163,101 
16, U5 


9,375,609 
3,392,597 


3,844 
2,337 


2.740,475 
2,049,953 


16,448 
5,169 


2,659,320 
880,613 


97,734 
6,891 


3,785,763 
360,923 


21,758 
533 


115,151 
2,991 


23,317 
1,215 


574,895 
98,U2 


38,329 


2,603,014 


1,242 


739,543 


4,546 


723,621 


23,077 


966,657 


4,325 


22,417 


5,139 


155,776 


35,184 
3,U5 


1,816,139 
791,875 


371 
871 


225,596 
513,947 


3,492 

1,054 


529,747 
193,374 


22,226 
851 


923,315 
43, X2 


4,273 
52 


22,122 
295 


4,822 
317 


115,359 
40,417 


3,565 

8,205 

360 


272,773 
230,516 
42,262 


16 
8 
3 


8,910 
4,300 
4,110 


402 
229 
173 


59,227 
33,465 
25,762 


5,021 

4,395 

126 


174,230 

165,731 

3,499 


1,333 

1,330 

3 


9,563 

9,526 

37 


1,238 

1,193 

45 


20,848 
16,994 
3,854 


22,681 
20,501 
2,180 


1,985,153 

1,299,076 

636,077 


1,114 
233 
831 


616,100 
141,020 
475,080 


3,739 

2,931 

308 


599,603 
444,144 
155,459 


13,980 

13,650 

330 


646,102 

625,092 

21,010 


1,042 

1,038 

4 


6,050 

6,019 

31 


2,806 
2,599 

207 


117,298 
82,801 
34,497 


1,129 

1,089 

40 


72,334 

67,296 

5,033 


20 
18 
2 


11,080 

(x) 

(x) 


137 
120 
17 


22,273 

(xi 

(x) 


746 

732 

14 


34 574 

(xi 

(x) 


94 
94 


471 
471 


U2 

125 

7 


3,936 
3,666 

270 


1,846 

1,693 

153 


32,975 

"22,723 

10,247 


3 
3 


2,349 
2,349 


32 
13 
19 


4,999 
1,933 
3,016 


720 

636 

84 


18,715 

15,311 

3,404 


703 

684 

19 


3,186 

3,087 

99 


388 
360 
28 


3,726 
2,347 
1,379 


1,062 
854 
208 


131,254 
102 , 513 
23,736 


56 

48 

8 


32,354 
61,677 
21,177 


113 

105 

13 


19,290 
17,077 
2,213 


626 
463 
163 


25,392 

20,273 

5,119 


108 
V, 
14 


542 

463 

79 


154 
U4 

10 


3,176 
3,028 

ua 


1,810 

1,668 

142 


52,773 
48,262 
4,516 


1 

1 


(x) 


33 
29 
4 


(x) 
(x) 
(xl 


1,330 

1,218 

112 


42,352 
33,631 
3,721 


191 

184 

7 


1,177 

1,128 

49 


255 

236 

19 


4,019 
(xi 
M 


1,236 

1,174 

62 


60,742 
45,743 
14,999 


32 
13 
19 


M 
(x) 
(x) 


85 
65 
20 


(x) 
(x) 
(x) 


654 
632 
22 


25,292 

(X) 

(x) 


299 
299 


1,428 
1,428 


166 
165 

1 


2,773 
(xi 
(x) 


35,442 


933,536 


69 


40,893 


802 


120,918 


21,000 


637,411 


5,912 


33,152 


7,659 


101,162 


34,420 
1,022 


363,283 
65,253 


45 
24 


23,031 
17,812 


681 
121 


102,000 
18,913 


20,366 
634 


612,819 
24,592 


5,324 
88 


32,650 
502 


7,504 
155 


97,733 
3,429 


2,226 


140,206 


45 


24,065 


304 


47,435 


1,464 


61,438 


229 


1,242 


134 


6,026 


2,106 
120 


120,351 
19,355 


33 

12 


16,843 
7,222 


254 

50 


39,071 
3,364 


1,409 
55 


58,099 
3,339 


228 

1 


(x) 
(X) 


182 
2 


(x) 

(X) 


5,205 


1,580,188 


668 


1,266,809 


1,027 


130,444 


2,637 


111,342 


447 


2,307 


426 


19,286 


3,462 

1,743 


547,139 
1,032,999 


142 
526 


401,191 
865,613 


294 

733 


47,530 
132,914 


2,258 
379 


89,231 
22,111 


435 

12 


2,226 

81 


333 
93 


7,011 
12,275 


278 

81 

197 


1,006,635 
365,496 
641,139 


271 

80 

191 


999,124 
(xi 
(xl 


1 

"i 


(xl 
(x)'" 


••• 








6 
1 

5 


(x) 
(x) 
(x) 


2,741 

1,943 

798 


367,535 
132,825 
234,710 


265 

59 

206 


184,324 

33,545 

150,779 


637 
243 
394 


112,601 
40,181 
72,420 


1,407 

1,260 

147 


62,132 
53,370 
8,762 


228 

220 

8 


1,217 

1,152 

65 


204 
161 
43 


7,261 
4,577 
2,6«4 


2,186 

1,438 

748 


205, %3 
43,368 
157,100 


132 

3 

129 


83,361 

(xl 

(x) 


389 
51 
333 


(x) 
7,349 
(xi 


1,230 
998 
232 


49,210 
35,861 
13,349 


219 

215 

4 


1,090 

1,074 

16 


216 

171 
45 


(X) 
(x) 
(X) 


8,984 


764,743 


348 


284,362 


1,371 


219,490 


5,318 


232,056 


1,021 


5,509 


926 


23,331 


7,343 
1,641 


513,537 
251,161 


195 
153 


158,914 
125,448 


910 
461 


144,171 
75,319 


4,488 
830 


187,849 
44,207 


975 
46 


5,253 
256 


775 
151 


17,400 
5,931 


2,101 

1,874 

227 


135,026 

155,122 

29,904 


83 
53 
25 


48,343 
36,053 
12,295 


423 
361 
62 


66,845 
56,355 
10,490 


1,304 

1,187 

117 


63,133 
56,693 
6,440 


123 
119 

4 


763 
739 
29 


168 
U9 
19 


5,932 

5,282 

650 


1,048 
870 
178 


159,742 
95,357 
63,835 


81 
46 
35 


95,645 
45,533 
50,057 


193 

140 

53 


31,799 

23,149 

8,650 


628 
563 
65 


28,393 

(X) 

(x) 


47 
46 

1 


271 
(x) 
(x) 


99 
75 
24 


3,634 
2,402 
1,232 


2,506 

1,984 

522 


259,805 
163,774 
96,031 


137 
72 
65 


116,904 
67,162 
49,742 


452 
266 
186 


74,658 
42,983 
31,675 


1,387 

1,173 

214 


59,036 
47,122 
11,914 


231 

225 

6 


1,277 

1,250 

27 


299 

248 
51 


7,930 
5,257 
2,673 


392 
247 
145 


6,641 
2,878 
3,763 


... 


... 


2 

1 
1 


(x) 
(x) 
(xl 


196 
94 
102 


(x) 
(xl 
(x) 


159 
130 
29 


826 
664 
162 


35 
22 

13 


254 
126 
128 


227 
156 
71 


(x) 
(x) 
(Xl 






30 

2 

28 


(x) 
(x) 
M 


120 
81 
39 


(X) 
(x) 
(X) 


54 
53 

1 


(x) 
(x) 
(x) 


23 

20 

3 


(x) 
(X) 
(x) 


1,762 

1,320 

442 


105,565 
59,496 
46,069 


34 
10 
24 


16,346 

5,309 

11,037 


213 
83 

125 


31,970 
12,511 
19,459 


1,190 
935 
255 


52,804 
38,330 
14,474 


173 
170 

3 


933 

918 

15 


152 

117 

35 


3,512 
2,428 

1.084 


948 

892 

56 


(xl 
(X) 
(x) 


13 
9 

4 


7,119 
4,302 
2,317 


53 
52 
6 


(x) 
(x) 
(X) 


493 

455 

38 


(x) 
(x) 
(x) 


234 

232 

2 


(x) 
(X) 

(xl 


150 

144 

6 


(X) 
(X) 

(x) 


8,519 


626,756 


252 


187,999 


1,139 


191,360 


5,137 


217,206 


1,134 


5,999 


807 


24,192 


7,377 
1,142 


483,604 
133,152 


177 
75 


115, U5 
72,854 


974 
215 


155,997 
35,363 


4,527 
610 


191,059 
26, U7 


948 
186 


5,060 
939 


751 
56 


21,343 
2,849 


2,758 

2,519 

239 


314,430 
243,871 
65,559 


152 
116 
36 


131,405 
83,208 
48,197 


590 
530 
60 


97,066 

87,087 

9,979 


1,606 

1,499 

107 


76,602 

70,813 

5,789 


175 

161 

14 


978 
(x) 

(X) 


235 

213 
22 


8,379 
(xi 
(x) 


965 

9U 

51 


58,451 
43,838 
14,613 


33 
18 
15 


20,233 
10,262 
9,971 


38 
72 
16 


15,669 
12, U2 
3,557 


477 

462 

15 


17,776 

17,022 

754 


236 

234 

2 


981 

(X) 

(x) 


131 
128 

3 


3792 
(xi 
(x) 


4,796 

3,944 

852 


253,875 

195,895 

57,980 


67 
43 
24 


36,361 
21,675 
U,686 


511 
372 
139 


78,625 
56,798 
21,827 


3,054 

2,566 

488 


122,828 
103,224 
19,604 


723 
553 
170 


4,040 

3,200 

840 


441 

410 

31 


12,021 

10,998 

1,023 



SALES SIZE 



2.85 



Tabic 2G.— SALES SIZE OF SINGLE AND MULTIUNITS-GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 

Storbi and Saus 



Geognphk divisicn, kind of busineM, and 
single and mulQunits^ 



WEST nor™ central division— Continued 

Automotive group, total 

Single units 

Hultiunits 

Motor vehicle dealers 

Single units 

Hull iunits 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

Single uni ts 

Hultiunits 

All other autoootive dealers 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Gasoline service stations, total 

Single units 

Hultiunits 

Luaber, building, hardware grtxip, total... 

Single units 

Hultiunits 

Lumber yards, building materials dealers. 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Single units 

Hultiunits 

Hardware stores 

Single units 

Hultiunits 

Farm equipment dealers 

Single units 

Hultiunits 

Drug and proprietary stores, total 

Single units 

Hultiunits 

Drug stores 

Single units 

Hultiunits 

Drug stores, with fountain 

Single units 

Hultiunits 

Drug stores, without fountain 

Single units 

Hultiunits , 

Proprietary stores 

Single units 

Hultiunits 

Liquor stores, total 

Single units 

Hultiunits 

Second-hand stores, total 

Single units 

Hultiunits 

Other retail stores, total 

Single units 

Hultiunits _. 

Fuel, fuel oil, ice dealers 

Single units 

Hultiunits 

Feed, farm, garden supply stores 

Single units 

F^ltiunits. 

Jewelry stores 

Single units 

Hultiunits 

Book, stationery stores 

Single units 

Hultiunits ' 

Cigar stores and stands 

Single units 

Hultiunits 

News dealers, newsstands 

Single units 

Hultiunits 

Optical goods stores 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

All other retail stores 

Single units 

Hultiunits 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Number 



10,834 
754 

8,281 
7,964 

117 

2,863 

2,46b 

397 

444 

404 

40 



22, W5 
971 



16,432 
3,479 

4,943 
2,318 
2,625 

2,875 

2,638 

237 

6,243 

5,858 

385 

5,850 

5,613 

232 



5,660 
526 

5,053 

4,554 

499 

3,957 

3,542 

415 

1,096 

1,012 

84 

1,133 
1,106 



2,701 
420 



1,643 
65 



13,434 
1,117 

1,944 

1,822 

122 

3,605 

3,296 

309 

2,330 

2,208 

122 

489 

436 

53 

656 
532 
124 

253 

236 

17 

128 
91 
37 

5,146 

4,813 

333 



Sales, 
entire year 

{Thousand 
dollars) 



2,050,393 
206,181 

2,067,180 

1,917,894 

149,286 

151,222 
98,934 
52,288 

38,172 
33,565 
4,607 

802,844 



729,369 
73,475 



1,470,433 
487,463 

699,931 
343,689 
356,242 

144,049 
120,661 
23,388 

373,301 
300,236 
73,065 

740,615 

705,847 

34,768 



301,016 
105,253 

367,277 
266,318 
100,959 

296,688 
207, 564 
89,124 

70,589 
58,754 
11,835 

33,992 
34,698 
4,294 

197,1X 



135,731 
61,403 



21,716 
2,194 



Stores operated entire year with annual sales of — 



$300,000 or taore 



Stores 

(/dumber) 



1,857 



1,720 
137 

1,782 

1,672 

110 

52 
26 
26 

23 

22 

1 



591 
279 

425 
235 
190 

33 
23 

10 

103 
42 
61 

309 

291 

18 



35 

31 

111 
34 
77 

87 
18 
69 

24 

16 



812,298 
157,833 

155,410 
(x) 
(x) 

442,578 
374,228 
68,350 

101,056 
86,864 
14,192 

43,721 
33,068 
10,653 

25,539 

20,450 

5,139 

7,942 
6,011 
1,931 

5,676 
(x) 
(x) 

183,159 
155,735 
32,424 



448 

130 

80 
62 
18 

373 
298 
75 

37 
25 
12 

26 

17 
9 

7 
5 
2 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Xhmuand 
dolldri) 



1,301,839 



1,176,378 
125,461 

1,267,363 

1,152,448 

114,915 

21,100 

(x5 

(x) 

13,376 

(x) 
(x) 



29,037 
5,918 



297, 164 
155,583 

235,346 

134,851 
100,495 

14,913 

10,557 
4,356 

60,349 
18,329 
42,020 

142,139 
133,427 



18,150 
53,442 

69,596 

(x) 

(x) 

56,913 

(x) 

(x) 

12,683 

(x) 

(x) 

1,996 

(x) 
(x) 

34.778 



11,617 
23,161 



(x) 



(x) 



(x) 



(x) 
83,487 

(x) 
(x) 
(x) 

208,157 
166,918 
41,239 

21,790 
14,565 
7,225 

19,733 

14,270 

5,468 

4,487 
(x) 
(x) 



(x) 
(X) 

(x) 
(x) 
14,816 



$100,000 to $299,999 



Stores 

(Atumber) 



3,467 



3,158 
309 

3,073 

2,953 

115 

330 
146 
184 



753 
205 



5,248 



3,872 
1,376 

1,862 

302 

1,060 

290 

220 

70 

675 
551 
124 

2,421 

2,299 

122 



515 
219 

707 
501 
206 

565 
392 

173 

142 

109 

33 



216 
159 



1,317 
264 

301 

265 

36 

771 
662 
109 

139 
116 
23 

81 
55 
26 

34 
28 
6 

16 
9 
7 

13 
3 
10 

226 
179 



Sales, 
enure year 

[Thousand 
d ollars) 



561,536 
54,329 

551,046 
529,681 
21,365 

53,650 
22,137 
31,513 

11,669 
9,718 
1,951 

147,193 



114,965 
32,228 



637,161 
220,365 

308,832 
138,008 
170,874 

43,873 
33,311 
10,562 

100,880 
82,402 
18,478 

403,891 
383,440 
20,451 

111,711 



74,764 
36,947 

107,370 
72,721 
34,649 

86,111 
56,531 
29,580 

21,259 

16,190 

5,069 

4,341 
2,043 
2,298 

58,533 



32,397 
26,186 



(X) 



(x) 



(x) 



(x) 
44,354 

(x) 
(x) 
(x) 

133,151 

114,113 

19,038 

21,066 

17,304 

3,762 

13,233 
8,872 
4,361 

6,072 
(X) 
(x) 

2,780 
(x) 
(x) 

(x) 
(X) 
(x) 

(x) 
(X) 
7,967 



$10,000 to $99,999 



Stares 

Wumb er) 



4,127 
230 

2,373 

2,332 

46 

1,733 

1,572 

161 

246 

223 

23 

15,455 



14,316 
639 



9,351 
1,682 

2,319 
1,033 
1,236 

1,871 

1,732 

139 

4,431 

4,253 

178 

2,412 
2,333 



4,373 
193 

3,736 

3,552 

184 

2,956 
2,309 

147 

780 
743 
37 

830 
821 



1,930 
188 



474 

51 



7,389 
549 

1,061 

1,012 

49 

1,807 

1,708 

99 

1,484 

1,421 

63 

252 

237 

15 

363 
277 
91 

134 

125 

9 

76 
50 
26 

2,756 

2,559 

197 



Sales, 
eorire year 

{Thousand 
dolliirs) 



198,906 
13,531 

135,691 
(x) 
(x) 

66,246 
57,068 
9.713 

10,550 

(X) 
(x) 



510,690 
32,486 

548,494 



446,541 
101,953 

135,034 
56, 560 
78,524 

75,337 

(x) 

(x) 
192,143 
181,431 

10,712 

145,430 
(x) 

(x) 



192,481 
11,838 

174,499 

163,141 

11,358 

140,624 

131,194 

9,4«0 

33,875 

31,947 

1,923 

29,820 

29,340 

480 



79,737 
10,869 



13,051 
1,643 



281,990 
24,815 

45,283 

42,987 

2,296 

83,647 

78,254 

5,393 

52,059 

49,132 

2,927 

9,502 

3,703 

799 

11,607 
3,505 
3,102 

4,541 

4,033 

508 

2,758 

1,815 

943 

97,408 

88,561 

8,847 



Less than $10,000 



Stores 
(Number) 



644 



139 
138 

1 

457 
452 

5 

48 

48 



3,246 
38 



1,118 



,095 
23 

84 
71 
13 

371 

367 

4 

529 

525 

4 

134 

132 

2 



332 
3 

171 

169 

2 

86 

85 

1 

85 
34 

1 

164 
163 

1 



2,792 



2,727 
65 

353 

345 

8 

296 
296 

434 

427 

7 

90 

87 

3 

155 

148 

7 

71 
71 

25 
24 

1 

1,368 

1,329 

39 



Sales, 
entire year 

{Thousarvi 
dollars ) _ 



i,t>^l 



3,573 
43 



(X) 
(x) 

2,592 
(x) 
(x) 

263 
263 



17,577 



17,360 
217 

6,250 



6,099 
151 

507 

413 

89 

2,089 
(x) 
(x) 

2,964 

2,935 

29 



(x) 
(x) 

1,898 



1,879 
19 

1,001 
(x) 
(x) 

538 
(x) 
(x) 



(X) 
(X) 



(x! 
(x) 



751 
46 

3,446 



(x) 
(x) 



13,526 
401 

1,635 

1,580 

55 

1,404 
1,404 

2,516 

2,480 

36 

447 

422 

25 

364 
829 
35 

320 
320 



(x) 
(x) 

6,611 
(x) 
(x) 



Stores not operated 
entire year 



1,191 
72 

909 
864 
45 

291 

270 

21 

63 r 

57 



3,630 
76 



1,523 
119 

253 

177 
76 

310 

296 

14 

505 

487 

18 

574 
563 
11 



405 
30 

328 

298 

30 

263 

238 

25 

65 

60 

5 

107 

107 



411 
30 



1,553 
109 

149 

138 
11 

358 
332 
26 

236 
219 

17 

40 

40 



92 

74 
13 

32 
31 
1 

U 
13 

742 
706 
36 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



122,262 



109,995 
12,267 

112,314 
101,866 
10,448 

7,634 
6,288 
1,346 

2,314 

1,841 

473 

59,943 



57,317 
2,626 



83,468 
9,411 

20,112 
13,852 
6,260 

7,337 

6,869 

463 

16,965 
15,139 
1,826 

48,465 

47,608 

857 



16,749 



13,742 
3,007 

14,811 
11,804 
3,007 

12,502 
9,928 
2,574 

2,309 

1,876 

433 

1,933 
1,938 



11,229 
1,141 



2,107 



(x) 
(x) 



32,643 
4,276 

3,460 

(x) 

(X) 

16,219 
13,539 
2,680 

3,625 

3,383 

242 

801 
801 



2,559 

2,187 

372 

301 
(x) 
(X) 

446 
446 

9,513 
(x) 
(x) 



2.86 



RETAIL TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2G.— SALES SIZE OF SINGLE AND MULTIUNITS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 

Stores and Sales 



Geographic division, land of busineae, and 
single and mulaunits^ 



SOUTH ATLAWTIC DIVISION 

Total 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Food grojp, total 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Grocery stores, without fresh meat 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Grocery stores, with fresh meat 

Single units 

Multiunits. 

Heat markets, fish markets 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Candy, nut, confectionery stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Dairy products stores, milk dealers 

Single units. 

Multiunits. 

Bakery products stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

All other food stores 

Single units 

Multiunits.. 

Eating and drinking places, total 

Single units 

Multiunits 

General stores, total 

Single units 

Multiunits 

General merchandise group, total 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Department stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Dry goods, general merchandise stores , 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Variety stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Apparel group, total 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings stores... 

Single units 

Mult.units 

Family clothing stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Women's ready-to-wear stores. 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Millinery stores. 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Other apparel accessory, specialty stores... 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Shoe stores 

Single units 

Mult iunite 

All other apparel stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Furniture, furnishings, appliance group, total 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Furniture storjs 

Single units. 

Multiunits 

Other home furnishing stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

Household appliance, radio stores 

Single units 

Multiunits 

See footnotes at end of tablt . 



Number 



203,283 
19,565 



76,450 



71,754 
4,696 

30,733 

30,203 

530 

34,958 

31,771 

3,187 

2,241 

2,143 

98 

3,637 
3,277 
360 
710 
452 
258 

1,333 

1,218 

115 

2,83S 

2,690 

148 



36,842 
1,573 

5,531 



5,168 
363 



4,881 
2,499 

414 
108 
306 

4,470 

3,628 

842 

2,496 
1,145 
1,351 



9,417 
2,885 

2,592 

2,122 

470 

2,365 

1,943 

422 

3,509 

2,618 

891 

465 
322 

143 

426 
328 
98 

1,720 

1,001 

719 

1,225 

1,083 

142 



8,441 
1,514 

4,449 

J, 835 

614 

1,840 

1,709 

131 

3,666 

2,897 

769 



Sales, 
' entire year 

(Thotuand 
dollafi) 



10,388,193 
4,384,607 



,423,047 



2,138,850 
1,284,197 

420,624 

366,938 

53,686 

2,594,822 
1,434,210 
1,160,612 

88,828 

80,520 

8,308 

54,243 
37,681 
16,567 

135,865 
117,082 
18,783 

39,173 
36,077 
3,096 

89,487 
66,342 

23,145 

974,147 



852,985 
121,162 

276,160 



192,943 
83,217 



1,875,586 



680,925 
1,194,661 

1,097,545 
403,723 
693,822 

420,125 
237,949 
182,176 

357,916 
39,253 
318,663 



692,674 
389,972 

226,935 

172,061 

54,874 

234,966 

180,057 
54,909 

387,525 
223,684 
163,841 

10,508 
5,131 
5,377 

18,746 
10,904 
7,842 

155,341 
61,391 
93,950 

48,625 
39,446 
9,179 



602,413 
218,492 

468,091 
353,791 
114,300 

87,673 
63,402 
24,271 

265,141 
185,220 
79,921 



Stores operated entire year with annual sales of — 



$300,OCX) or more 



(J^umbcr) 



4,251 

3,513 



306 
1,306 



,455 
204 
,261 



20 

157 



202 

744 

360 
102 
258 

265 
93 
172 

321 

7 

314 



297 
234 

106 
73 
33 

102 
73 
29 

236 
124 
112 



261 

171 

253 
160 
93 

42 
22 

20 

137 
79 
58 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thoxuand 
dollars) 



6,025,078 



3,141,423 
2,883,650 



219, 520 
925,455 

7,279 
4,584 
2,695 

1,003,146 
112,065 
891,081 

9,910 
7,764 
2,146 

5,748 
(X) 
(x) 

102,560 
92,446 
10,114 

(x) 
(x) 

(x) 
(x) 
(x) 
81,754 



44,813 
36,941 

73,027 



25,546 
47,431 



1,462,217 



468,454 
993,763 

1,083,111 
401,661 
681,450 

165,906 
64,437 
101,469 

213,200 

2,356 

210,844 

350,052 



203,585 
146,467 

55,662 
41,408 
14,254 

83,991 
63,903 
20,088 

163,498 
83,713 
79,735 

(x) 

(x)'" 
2,919 
(xi 
(x) 

37,156 
7,385 
29,771 

(x) 
(X) 
(x) 

239,491 



133,203 
106,288 

148,784 
86,370 
62,414 

24,468 
11,959 
12,509 

66,239 
34,874 
31,365 



$100,000 to $299,999 



(T^umber) 



15,609 
5,413 



3,022 
1,204 

373 
152 
226 

3,419 

2,514 
905 

159 

141 

18 



82 
75 
7 

43 

33 

5 

112 
36 
26 

1,110 



894 
216 



293 

150 



1,291 



481 
810 



782 
436 
346 

462 
41 
421 



,353 
938 

542 
337 

155 

469 
350 
119 

749 
402 
347 



40 
10 
30 

401 
141 
260 

80 
61 
19 

1,848 



1,438 
410 

1,143 
936 
207 

159 
112 
47 

546 
390 
156 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dolldTs) 



3,459,873 



,517,926 
941,947 



672,564 



455,493 
217,071 

56,434 
22,189 
34,245 

547,380 
377,234 
170,146 

25,491 
22,451 
3,040 

5,402 
(x) 
(x) 

14,635 
13,446 

1,189 

(x) 
(x) 
(x) 
(x) 
(x) 
(x) 



133,034 
34,600 



45,258 
29,298 



77,308 
147,618 

11,647 
(x) 
(x) 
132,657 
(x) 
(x) 

80,622 
5,921 



211,749 
152,435 

87,927 
61,352 
26,575 

73,655 
54,573 
19,082 

121,244 
63,249 
57,995 

(x) 
(X) 
(X) 

5,445 
1,817 
3,628 

63,799 
22,004 
41,795 

(x) 
(x) 
(X) 



230,165 
69,697 

188,271 

152,890 

35,361 

25,565 
16,882 
8,683 

86,026 
60, 393 
25,633 



$10,000 to $99,999 



(J<umber) 



104,305 
8,133 



36,727 



35,261 
1,466 

10,443 

10,243 

200 

21,305 

20,657 
648 

1,134 

1,080 

54 

1,299 
1,031 

213 

421 
215 
206 
739 
727 
62 

1,336 

1,253 

78 



17,034 
871 

3,279 



3,180 
99 



2,967 
817 



1 

2,483 

2,207 

276 

1,300 
760 
540 



5,611 
1,386 

1,519 

1,304 

215 

1,461 

1,219 

242 

1,848 

1,512 

336 

265 
160 
105 

242 

183 

59 

984 
652 
332 

578 
581 



4,561 
732 

2,312 

2,048 

264 

807 
763 



2,174 

1,750 

424 



Sales, 
entire year 

{Thousand 
dollars) 



3,878,810 
407,363 



1,214,438 
68,921 

263,834 

251,780 

12,054 

351,446 
816,668 
34,778 

45,140 
42,737 
2,403 

33,055 

25,817 

7,238 

15,521 
3,660 
5,861 

27,677 

25,750 

1,927 

46,685 

43,026 

3,660 

581,033 



541,378 
39,155 

114,394 



108,553 
5,336 

159,736 



117,752 
41,934 

(x) 

(x)'" 

(x) 

90,452 

(x) 

54,193 
27,300 
26,393 

319,962 



244,364 
75, 598 

73,248 
61,780 
11,463 

69,339 
56,026 
13,363 

36,144 
66,591 
19,553 

7,507 
3,961 
3,546 

9,285 
6,288 
2,997 

43,368 

(xi 

(x) 

26,021 

(xi 

(x) 



203,555 
33,862 

112,528 
(X) 
(x) 

30,148 

(x) 

(X) 

94,741 

77,307 

17,434 



Leaa than $10,000 



dumber) 



46,649 
578 



21,992 



21,839 

153 

14,799 
14,782 



3,964 

3,943 

21 

553 

543 

5 

1,572 

1,497 

75 

65 
50 
15 

198 

139 

9 

341 

330 

11 



10,396 
172 



1,221 
3 



687 
9 



526 

520 
6 

170 

167 

3 



967 
37 

128 

120 

8 

121 

116 

5 

233 
223 

10 

144 
135 



54 

62 

2 

238 

236 

2 



1,051 
60 

272 

269 

3 

493 

491 

2 

346 

291 

55 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
dolldrs) 



207,749 
3,402 



92, 594 



91,731 
363 

59,339 

59,247 

92 

20,370 

20,217 

153 

2,139 

2,105 

34 

5,735 

5,333 

402 

334 
285 
99 

1,004 
963 
41 

3,573 

3,531 

42 

47, 559 



46,647 
912 



5,959 

17 



3,611 
65 



2,667 

2,626 

41 

1,009 

985 

24 

5,291 



5,050 
241 

683 
646 
42 

650 
627 
29 

1,398 

1,331 

67 



(x) 
(X) 



(X) 
(X) 

323 
(x) 
(X) 

1,161 
(X) 
(x) 



5,174 
373 

1,456 
(x) 
(X) 

2,140 
(x) 
(x) 

1,951 

1,614 

337 



Stores not operated 
entire year 



34,397 



32,469 
1,926 



11,326 
567 

5,093 

5,016 

82 

4,805 

4,453 

352 

371 
354 
17 

722 
681 
41 

69 
46 
23 

302 
263 
39 

526 
513 
13 

8,125 



Sales 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



7,878 
247 



420 
14 



544 
119 

6 
2 

4 

414 
372 
42 

243 
170 
73 



1,189 
290 

297 

238 

59 

212 

185 

27 

443 
357 
86 

45 
25 
20 

62 
56 
6 

203 
133 
70 

217 
195 
22 



1,130 
141 

469 
422 

47 

339 
321 
18 

463 

387 
76 



790.520 



642,280 
143,240 



157,668 
71,837 

33,738 
29,138 
4,600 

172,480 
108,026 
64,454 

6,148 

5,463 

685 

4,258 

3,404 

854 

2,765 
2,245 

520 

3,94a 

(i5 

(X) 
6,218 
(x) 
(x) 

96,167 



86,613 
9,554 

8,207 



7,622 
585 



13,800 
11,231 

(X) 
(x) 
(X) 

(x) 
(x) 
(x) 

8,892 
2,691 
6,201 

43,157 



27,926 
15,231 

9,410 
6,875 
2,535 

•7,275 
4,928 
2,347 

15,241 
8,800 
6,441 

713 
235 
478 

743 
499 
244 

5,695 
3,250 
2,445 

4,080 

3,339 

741 

38,588 



30,316 
8,272 

17,052 
14,825 
2,227 

5,352 

4,459 

893 

16,184 

11,032 

5,152 



SALES SIZE 



2.87 



Table 2G.— SALES SIZE OF SINGLE AND MULTIUNITS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 

Storbs and Salbs 



Geognphic division, land of busineas, ind 
amglc and mulciujuts^ 



SOUTO ATUNTIC DIVISION—Conllnued 

AutODotlve group, total 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Motor vehicle dealers 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Tire, battery, accessory dealers 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

All other autonotlve dealers 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Gasoline service stations, total 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Lumber, building, hardvare grcxip, total... 

Single uni Is 

Multiunlts 

Lumber yards, building materials dealers 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Plumbing, paint, electrical stores 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Hardware stores 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Pam equipment dealers 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Drug and proprietary stores, total 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Drug stores 

Single unl ts 

Multiunlts 

Drug stores, with fountain 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Drug stores, without fountain 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Proprietary stores 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Liquor stores, total 

Single units , 

Multiunlts 

Second-hand stores, total 

Single units , 

Multiunlts , 

Other retail stores, total , 

Single units 

Multiunlts 

Fuel, fuel oil. Ice dealers 

Single units , 

Multiunlts , 

Feed, farm, garden supply stores 

Single uni ts , 

Multiunlts , 

Jewelry stores 

Single units , 

Multiunlts , 

Book, stationery stores 

Single units , 

Multiunlts , 

Cigar stores and stands , 

Single units 

Multiunlts , 

News dealers, newsstands -. . 

Single units 

Multiunlts , 

Optical goods stores 

Single units 

Multiunlts , 

All other retail stores , 

Single units 

Multiunlts , 

See footnotes at end of table. 



9,201 

7,184 

6,836 

lie 

i,«86 

1,':)33 

553 

466 

432 

34 



24,837 
1,164 

3,092 



7,434 
658 

1 ,945 

1,782 

163 

1,430 

1,264 

166 

3,617 

3,363 

254 

1,100 

1,025 

75 



5,708 
757 

5,045 

4,394 

651 

4,363 

3,781 

582 

632 
613 
69 

1,420 

1,314 

106 

3,907 



3,257 
650 



1,687 
88 



14,656 
1,783 
2,116 
1,870 
246 

2,983 

2,518 

465 

2,434 

2,150 

284 

574 
496 

73 

602 
488 
U4 

652 
550 
102 

237 
191 
46 

6,341 

6,393 

448 



Sales, 
eotire ycu 

(Thouadnd 
dollars) 



2,381,339 



2,160,052 
221,237 

2,163,032 

2,019,353 

143,729 

180,616 
108,907 
71,709 

37,641 

31,792 

5,849 



703,792 
76,670 



353,774 
176,688 
471,679 
399,122 
72,557 

83,762 
63,048 
15,714 

319,629 
243,717 
70,912 

160,392 

142,387 

17,505 



351,665 
149,361 

453,247 
311,436 
141,811 

401,199 
273,571 
127,623 

52 ,043 
37,365 
14,183 

43,279 

40,229 

8,050 



234,223 
208,665 



34,270 
4,078 



879,627 
255,657 

226,610 

168,172 

58,438 

425,206 
323,905 
101,301 

147,071 
113,054 
34,017 

51,156 
35,871 
15,285 

40,769 
33,093 
7,676 

20,009 

14,656 

5,353 

10,736 
7,331 
3,405 

213,727 
183,545 
30,182 



Stored operated entire year with annual sales of— 



$300,000 or more 



Stores 



2,047 



1,850 
197 

1,949 

1,809 

140 

76 
25 

51 



610 
143 

475 

406 

69 

24 
18 
6 

151 
97 
54 

103 
39 



33 
163 

193 

33 

160 

172 
29 

143 

26 
9 

17 



3 
264 



72 

192 



446 
193 

137 

102 

35 

327 
230 
97 

■ 73 
44 
29 

37 
24 
13 

14 
12 
2 

2 
1 
1 

4 
2 
2 

45 
31 
14 



Sales. 
cQtirc year 

(Thoiuand 
dollars) 



1 ,494,28 3 



1,359,847 
134,441 

1,451,236 

1,339,276 

111,960 

32,777 
12,960 
19,817 

10,275 
7,611 
2,664 



9,316 
4,103 



337,607 
121,636 

298,300 

240,186 

58,114 

11,592 
8,542 
3,050 

97,313 

(X) 

(x) 

52,088 

(xl 

(x) 



20,776 
79,502 

(x) 

20,776 

(x) 

86,854 

16,681 

70,173 

(x) 
4,095 
(X) 
(x) 

(x)'" 

197,479 



38,559 
158,920 



278,004 
128,603 
105,366 
70,405 
34,961 

192,588 
135,071 
57,517 

38,167 
23,364 
14,303 

22,423 

13,795 

3,628 

18,339 

(x) 

tx) 

(X) 
(X) 
(X) 

1,497 
(X) 
(X) 

(x) 
(x) 
(x) 



$100,000 to $299,999 



Stores 
Wum ber) 



3,123 



2,782 
341 

2,613 

2,506 

112 

424 
210 
214 

81 
66 
15 



650 
180 



1,974 



1,767 
207 

686 

629 

57 

176 
139 
37 

673 
597 
81 

434 

402 

32 



840 
294 

.,090 
320 
270 

977 
733 
244 

113 
37 
26 

44 
20 
24 



522 
178 



2,005 



1,532 
473 

414 
305 
109 

848 
659 

189 

283 
211 
72 

93 
67 
26 

42 
26 



288 
244 



Sales, 
entire year 

(Thousand 
d ollars) 



5 75,283 



514,796 
60,487 

490,974 

469 ,968 

21,006 

70,213 
33,258 
36,955 

14,096 
11,570 
2,526 

116,594 



91,022 
25,572 



336,815 



300,667 
36,148 

125,915 

114,783 

11,132 

28,747 
22,473 
6,269 

107,390 
(x) 

M 

74,263 

(x) 

(x) 

176,623 



123,808 
52,815 

(x) 
(X) 

(X) 

152,878 
108,017 
44,861 

(x) 
(x) 
(x) 

(X) 
(x) 
(x) 

114,746 



79,939 
34,807 



7,053 



5,242 
1,816 



249,445 
79,533 

68,176 
49,734 
18,442 

143,064 
110,141 
32