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Full text of "United States census of business, 1948"

BOSTON PUBLIC LIBRARY 



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UNITED STATES CENSUS OF 

. BUSINESS 



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RADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



COMiODltY LINE SALES STATISTICS 






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Given By 

U. S. SUPT. OF DOCUMENTS 



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The List of Corrections for this Volume 
will be found on page 43 



U. S. DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE 

CHARLES SAWYER, Secretary 
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

ROY V. PEEL. Dirertor (Appointed March 9. 1950) 
J. C. CAPT, Director (Retired August 17, 1949) 



UNITED STATES CENSUS OF 

BUSINESS 
1948 



Volume IV 



WHOLESALE TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 
COMMODITY LINE SALES STATISTICS 



Size of Business, Operating Expenses, Credit, Class of Customer, 

Legal Form of Organization, Trucks, and 

Miscellaneous Subjects 



Prepared by the Business Division 

under the supervision of 

WILLIAM C. TRUPPNER (to Jan. 2, 1951) 

HARVEY KALLIN (beginning Jan. 2, 1951) 



UNITED STATES 

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE 

WASHINGTON : 1952 



For Bale by the Superintendent of Documents. U. S. Governmeut Printing 0£Bce, Washington 25, D. C ^ 1 rtcc $4.5U 

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PUBLIC 



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BUREAU OF THE CENSUS 

J f '/' ^l ' 7 CI "^gJ W| j s SUPERINTENDfNT OF DOCUMENTS 

APR 29 lb62 

ROY V. PEEL, Director (Appointed March 9, 1950) 
J. C. CAPT, Director (Retired August 17, 1949) 

A. Ross EcKLER, Deputy Director 

Howard C. Grieves, Assistant Director 

Conrad Taeuber, Assistant Director 

Morris H. Hansen, Assistant Director for Statistical Standards 

Robert Y. Phillips, Executive Assistant to the Director 

Calvert L. Dedrick, Coordinator, International Statistics 

Frank R. Wilson, Information Assistant to the Director 

Business Division — W. C. Truppner, Chief (to Jan. 2, 1951) 

Harvey Kailin, Acting Chief (beginning Jan. 2, 1951) 

M. D. Bingham, Assistant Chief for Processing and Manaiement 

Wholesale Trade Section — John Albright, Chief 

Retail Trade Section — E. J. Engquist, Jr., Chief 

Service Trade Section — R. C. Janoschka, Chief 

Statistical Methods Section — Max A. Bershad, Chief 

Administrative Services Division— Walter L. Kehres, Chief 
Agriculture Division — Ray Hurley, Chief 
Budget Officer — Charles H. Alexander 
Field Division — Lowell T. Galt, Chief 
Foreign Trade Division — J. Edward Ely, Chief 
Geography Division — Clarence E. Batschelet, Chief 
Governments Division — Allen D. Manvel, Chief 
Industry Division — Maxwell R. Conklin, Chief 
Machine Tabulation Division — C. F. Van Aken, Chief 
Personnel Division — Helen D. Almon, Chief 
Population Division — Howard G. Brunsman, Chief 



SUGGESTED IDENTIFICATION 

U. S. Bureau of the Census. U. S. Census of Business: 1948. Vol. IV: Wholesale Trade— General Statistics. U. S. Government Printing Office, 

Washington, D. C, 1952 



This volume replaces the 1948 Census of Business Subject Bulletins, Series 2-W. 



PREFACE 

This is one of a series of seven volumes presenting final results of the 1948 Census of Business for Wholesale, 
Retail, and Service Trades. Statistics for Wliolesale Trade are contained in two volumes — Volume V, Area Statistics, 
and this volume. The Census, which was conducted by personal canvass of business establishments, was taken in 
accordance with the provisions of the act of June 19, 1948 (62 Stat. 478; 13 U. S. C. 121-123). This act provides for a 
Census of Business to cover the year 1948 and every fifth year thereafter. Previous business censuses covered the 
years 1929, 1933, 1935, and 1939. 

Important to the conduct of the 1948 Census of Business was the assistance of many private and public organiza- 
tions in the planning phase of the census and the excellent cooperation of some 3,000,000 business establishments in 
supplying the information required, as well as the work of the several thousand Census employees who participated 
in the field enumeration, editing, tabulation, and other census operations. 

The advice of trade associations, individual businessmen, research and marketing organizations, and Government 
agencies was invaluable in determining the feasibility of collecting various types of data and the methods for minimizing 
the burden of reporting, as well as in determining the types of information which would be of greatest value. Because 
of budgetary and other limitations, it was not possible to collect all of the data recommended bj^ these groups. Timely 
publicity given to the Business Census by business organizations, trade papers, local newspapers, and radio stations 
aided greatly in informing businessmen of the nature and objectives of the census and facilitated the collection of 
census reports. 

The primary responsibility for the 1948 Census of Business was centered in the Business Division of the Census 
Bureau. Other divisions of the Bureau, particularly the Field Division and the Machme Tabulation Division, also 
had important functions in the census. 

The Business Census was taken under the supervision of William C. Truppner, Chief of the Business Division. 
Harvey Kailin, Assistant Division Chief, Program Branch, was appointed Acting Chief January 2, 1951, to succeed Mr. 
Truppner who was detailed to the National Production Authority. Major contributions to the planning of the 1948 
Census of Business were made by William A. Ruff, Assistant Chief, who retired January 1, 1948, and Earl D. Krick- 
baima, Chief of the Procedures and Processing Section until November 1, 1948. 

The following personnel in the Business Division had important responsibilities in the census: 

Max A. Bershad was Chief of the Statistical Methods Section. Henry Wulff, in charge of Quality Control, worked 
on field enumerating techniques, and oflfice editing and tabulating procedures. Aaron Sabghir, in charge of Sampling 
Techniques, worked on the post-enumeration survey and measures of census coverage and accuracy. 

John Albright was Chief of the Wholesale Trade Section and William P. Mclnerny was Assistant Chief. George 
L. Whalley, Max E. VanHorn, Frank R. Alvis, and Bruce B. Spratling, participated in the planning and developing 
of report forms, publication plans, and manuals; the writing of texts; and the handling of technical problems arising 
during the processing of reports and tabulations. 

Louis Greenberg was responsible for review of all text material and table forms, and assisted on publication 
problems. 

M. D. Bingham, Chief of the Procedures and Processing Section, was subsequently appointed Assistant Division 
Chief, Processing and Management Branch. Sol Dolleck was Assistant Chief of the Procedures and Processing Sec- 
tion; Richard S. McCurdy, succeeded by R. M. Micoly in July 1949, and assisted by Jervis Braunstein, was in charge 
of the Directory Subsection, responsible for receiving report forms and the handling of special problems connected 
with multiunit firms. Leroy H. Groeper was Chief of the Wholesale Trade Processing Subsection, and was in charge 
of editing, coding, and tabulating Wholesale Trade reports. J. Stanley Werking participated in the design of forms 
and all problems of printing and preparation of material for publication. 

In the Field Division, Jack B. Robertson, assisted by Ai-thur Cook directed the field work for the Census of Busi- 
ness. Lancelot W. Armstrong, Machine Tabulation Division, assisted by Hugh Jones, was responsible for machine 
tabulation techniques and procedures; and Franklin L. Thatcher and Robert H. Brooks, Administrative Services 
Division, were responsible for the printing and publishing of the Census of Business. 

December 1951. 



OTHER 1948 CENSUS OF BUSINESS VOLUMES* 

Volume I: RETAIL TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS, PART 1 

Chapter Chapter 

1. United States Summary. 6. Legal Form of Organization. 

2. Sales Size. 7. Warehouses, Other Auxiliary Units. 

3. Single Units and Multiunits. 8. Miscellaneous. 

4. Employee Size. 9. Territories (Alaska and Hawaii). 

5. City Size. 

Volume II: RETAIL TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS, PART 2, AND MERCHANDISE LINE SALES 

STATISTICS 

10. Merchandise Inventories. 19. Merchandise Line Sales — Apparel Group. 

11. Credit. 20. Merchandise Line Sales — Furniture, Furnishings, Appliance 

12. Selected Types of Operation. Group. 

13. Employment and Pay Roll. 21. Merchandise Line Sales — Automotive Group and Gasoline 

14. Trucks. Service Stations. 

15. Miscellaneous. 22. Merchandise Line Sales — Lumber, Building, Hardware 

16. Merchandise Line Sales — Food Group. Group. 

17. Merchandise Line Sales— Eating and Drinking Places. 23. Merchandise Line Sales — Drug and Proprietary Stores. 

18. Merchandise Line Sales — General Merchandise Group, Gen- 24. Merchandise Line Sales — Miscellaneous Kinds of Business. 

eral Stores. 

Volume III: RETAIL TRADE— AREA STATISTICS 

United States Summary for the District of Columbia, and one for Territories (Alaska and 

Area Statistics — Consists of 50 Chapters: One for each State, one Hawaii). 

Volume V: WHOLESALE TRADE— AREA STATISTICS 

United States Summary for the District of Columbia, and one for Territories (Alaska and 

Area Statistics — Consists of 50 Chapters: One for each State, one Hawaii). 

Volume VI: SERVICE TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 

Chapter Chapter 

1. United States Summary. 8. Laundries, Cleaning and Dyeing Plants, and Related Services. 

2. Receipts Size. 9. Amusements. 

3. Employee Size. 10. Hotels. 

4. City Size. 11. Tourist Courts. 

5. Legal Form of Organization. 12. Automobile Repair Services and Garages. 

6. Trucks. 13. Miscellaneous. 

7. City Statistics. 14. Territories (Alaska and Hawaii). 

Volume VII: SERVICE TRADE— AREA STATISTICS 

United States Summary for the District of Columbia, and one for Territories (Alaska and 

Area Statistics — Consists of 50 Chapters: One for each State, one Hawaii). 

•See appendix H for s list of tables included iii each chapter. 



GENERAL CONTENTS 



[Arabic page numbers in this report are keyed to chapter numbers by a decimal system. Thus, page 1.17 is page 17 in chapter 1 (United 
States Summary) ; page 4.28 is page 28 in chapter i (Sales by Class of Customer). The first page of each chapter contains a detailed 
table of contents for that chapter] 



Page 

Introduction 1 

The Post Enumeration Survey 4 

Summary of Findings 6 

List of Corrections 43 

Chapter 1. United States Summary 1.01 

Chapter 2. Sales Size and Operating Expenses 2.01 

Chapters. Credit ..- 3.01 

Chapter 4. Class of Customer 4. 01 

Chapters. Legal Form of Organization 5.01 

Chapter 6. Employee Size 6.01 

Chapter 7. Trucks 7.01 

Chapters. Miscellaneous 8.01 

Chapter 9. Territories (Alaska and Hawaii) 9.01 

Chapter 10. Commodity Line Sales — United States 10. 05 

Chapter 11. Commodity Line Sales — Merchant Whole- 
salers 11. 01 

Chapter 12. Commodity Line Sales— Manufacturers' Sales 

Branches 12. 01 

Chapter 13. Commodity Line Sales — Assemblers 13.01 

Chapter 14. Petroleum Bulk Stations and Terminals 14. 01 

Appendixes 15. 01 

A. The Census Act of June 19, 1948 - 15.02 

B. Type-of-Operation Descriptions 15.03 

C. Kind-of-Business Descriptions 15.06 

D. Type-of-Operation and Kind-of-Business Classifi- 

cations: 1948, 1939, and 1929 15.12 

E. Principal Census Type-of-Operation and Kind-of- 

Business Classifications for 1948, With Standard 

Industrial Classification Equivalents 15. 15 

F. Explanation of Terms 15. 17 

G. Report Forms 15.20 

H. Contents of 1948 Census of Business Volumes 15. 53 

List of Maps: 

Percent Increase in Sales of Wholesale Establishments: 

1939 to 1948-- 37 

United States, by Geographic Division 42 

Standard Metropolitan Areas 40 

Standard Metropolitan Areas in the Northeastern Part 

of the United States 41 

Standard Metropolitan Areas (as defined by the Bureau of 

the Budget, June 5, 1950) ,...,- ., 38 



Page 
List of Charts: 

1. Wholesale Trade— Sales by State: 1948 9. 

2. Wholesale Trade, by Type of Operation: 1948, 

1939, and 1929 12 

3. Service Wholesalers: 1948 — Number of Establish- 

ments, Sales, and Personnel, by Sales Size Group — 
Ratio of Operating Expenses to Sales, by Select- 
ed Kinds of Business 16 

4. Anal.ysis of Expenses of Meat Service Wholesalers 

and Packing House Branches: 1948 — Expenses 

as Percentage of Sales 17 

5. Merchant Wholesalers — Bad Debt Losses as Per- 

centage of Credit Sales: 1948 19 

6. Merchant Wholesalers — End-of-Year Receivables 

as a Percent of Credit Sales: 1948 21 

7. Wholesale Establishments — Distribution of Sales, 

by Class of Customer: 1948 and 1939 23 

8. Wholesale Trade— United States, by City Size: 

1948 - 27 

9. General-Line Grocery Wholesalers^Analysis of 

Sales by Commodity Line — United States and 

Geographic Divisions: 1948 32 

10. Storage Capacity of Petroleum Bulk Stations and 

Terminals: 1948. 35 

Special Finding Aids: 

Index to Kinds of Business in Tables 2A, 2B, 2C, 2D, 

2E, and 2F ._ 2. 123 

Index to Kinds of Business in Tables 3A and 3C 3. 31 

Index to Metropolitan Area Credit Information 3.32 

Index to Kinds of Business in Tables 10, 11, 12, and 13. 10. 02 
Index to Kinds of Business: Tables lOA, lOB, IOC, and 

lOD 10.05 

Index to Kinds of Business and Geographic Division: 

Table 11 11. 01 

Index to Kinds of Business and Geographic Division: 

Table 12 12. 01 

Index to Kinds of Business and Geographic Division: 

Table 13 13.01 

List of Commoditjf Lines,. .^-, . 10. 03 



vn 



INTRODUCTION 



Scope of the census and area covered. — The 1948 
Census of Business covers Retail, Wholesale, and Service 
Trades. Retail and Wholesale Trades in the Business 
Census correspond with minor exceptions to these trade 
divisions as described in the Standard Industrial Classi- 
fication Manual, issued May 1949, under the sponsorship 
of the Bureau of the Budget, Executive Office of the 
President. For a discussion of the census scope of 
Service Trade, see Introduction to Volume VI: Service 
Trade — General Statistics. All previous Business Cen- 
suses covered Retail and Wholesale Trades; Service 
Trades were first enumerated in the 1933 Census. 

The 1948 Census of Business includes business estab- 
lishments located in continental United States and the 
Territories of Alaska and Hawaii. Data for Puerto 
Rico, obtained in a Census of Business for 1949, are 
published separately. The 1939 Business Census covered 
the same areas as the 1948 Census, and, in addition, 
Puerto Rico. All earlier Business Censuses were con- 
ducted only in continental United States. 

Period covered by the census. — The 1948 Census of 
Business is basically a report of business activity in the 
calendar year 1948. However, the relatively small 
proportion of establishments that maintained their 
records on a fiscal-year basis and were vmable to report 
on a calendar-year basis, were permitted to use a fiscal 
year ending between September 30, 1948, and March 31, 
1949. In a very few cases, reports were accepted for 
fiscal years not falling within this range. Regardless of 
the fiscal year used, all establishments were required to 
report employment and payroll (except annual payroll) 
for the pay periods specified on the report forms. 

Method of canvass. — The 1 948 Census of Business was 
conducted primarily by means of field enumeration. 
For purposes of enumeration, 308 Census field offices 
were established with responsibility for canvassing the 
some 37,000 enumeration districts into which the Nation 
was divided. Full-scale fii'ld operations for the 1948 
Census of Business were begun near the end of May 
1949, shortly following the principal appropriation of 
funds for the census. The field work was divided into 
two broad phases, each of which is described below. 
The listing of business establishments, phase 1, was 
completed late in September, about 4 months after 
starting full-scale operations. The collection of report 
forms, phase 2, was substantially completed by the end 
of November 1949. 

Enumerators were required to list all recognizable 
businesses (except medical, dental, and law oflBces, 
Government ofiices, and also farms), and in the course 



of listing, to go into each business establishment to record 
the name of the business and of the owner, general kind 
of business conducted, whether the establishment was 
part of a multiunit organization, and other items required 
for subsequent operations. Each establishment was 
listed bj' the enumerator as encoimtered while systemati- 
cally canvassing each city block and each road or highway 
in rural areas in a preassigned pattern. A separate 
Listing Book (sec. IV of 'which is reproduced in appen- 
dix G) was used for each enumeration district. 

Dm-ing the listing operation, phase 1, appropriate 
report forms were left with business establishments for 
subsequent return to Census District Offices by mail. 
In a small proportion of cases (usually small retail or 
service businesses) the completed Census form was ob- 
tained by the enumerator in the course of the listing 
operation. In the case of business establishments which 
were units of multiunit organizations no report form 
was left for completion, unless requested by the estab- 
lishment. In general, the reports for establishments 
operated by multiunit organizations were prepared at 
the central offices of the organizations. The reports so 
obtained were checked against a card file prepared from 
enumerator listings, thus insuring completeness of 
multiunit organization reporting. 

A large percentage of the business establishments with 
which reporting forms were left during the listing opera- 
tion completed the formis and mailed them to the Census 
District Office without fm-ther contact from the Bureau. 
Where necessary, reminder letters were mailed to estab- 
lishments which had not submitted their report. Those 
establishments which did not ffie their report in response 
to the reminder letters were again visited by an enumer- 
ator who was instructed to secure the report. 

To insure that the reports received were not only 
usable but met Census quality requirements, a field 
office coding and editing operation was conducted. This 
operation, along with the foUow-up activities to obtain 
reports not promptly submitted, became phase 2 of the 
field operation. All reports which did not contain re- 
quired information together with those which did not 
meet other quality standards were held in the field offices 
until a further check could be made with respondents and 
the reports corrected as necessary. 

Because the completeness of coverage of the census 
depended so largely on the quality of the work done by 
individual enumerators during phase 1 of the enumera- 
tion, considerable effort was expended in verifying and 
correcting this work. 

First, the work of each enumerator was checked in the 



WHOLESALE TRADE 



field by a crew leader or supervisor by recanvassing a 
sample of the work. Wherever the listmg was found to 
be unsatisfactory, the enumerator was given further in- 
structions before being allowed to proceed. 

Second, a complete card file of firms repoi ang to the 
Social Security Admmistration's Bureau of Old Age and 
Survivors Insurance was obtained. These cards were 
arranged by enumeration districts and within enumera- 
tion districts by street and road to facilitate checking 
the cards to the listing books. The cards were individu- 
ally checked to the listing books and a record made of 
whether or not the firm was listed. A check was then 
made to determine whether firms not listed were still 
at the location indicated. If found to be at such loca- 
tion, they were added to the listing. Further, if more 
than a fixed percentage of listings so added were of read- 
ily recognizable places of business, the entire district was 
recanvassed. This latter provision was necessary be- 
cause till! file included only establishments having one or 
more paid employees while the census covered all 
establislunents including those having no employees. 
By recanvassing completely those districts haying a 
significant number of estabhshments included in the 
Bureau of Old Age and Survivors Insurance files missed by 
the emunerator, it was possible to minimize misses among 
establishments with no employees. 

Third, when the field operations were substantially 
complete, but prior to closing the field offices, a careful 
check by counties was made to verify establishment 
totals which differed significantly from trends in neigh- 
boring coimties or those with similar economic charac- 
teristics. This check did not disclose any systematic 
faults in the canvass. 

One other step taken to insure completeness of coverage 
is worthy of mention. As indicated above, the census 
listing operation began in late May 1949, by which time 
a number of businesses active at the end of 1948 had dis- 
continued operations. Because it was not always feas- 
ible to locate the 1948 owners of such businesses or to 
get a report of their 1948 activities, it was sometimes 
necessary to estimate their sales volume based on infor- 
mation supplied by the 1949 occupants or other sources. 
This procedure was used only to account for businesses 
properly within the scope of the 1948 Census. 

The "Post Enumeration Survey" (PES), which was 
made after the completion of the enumeration, is dis- 
cussed below. It provides measures of the undercover- 
age of business in the census which occurred despite the 
procedures noted above. 

Scope of Wholesale Trade. — The Standard Industrial 
Classification (SIC) Manual, Volume II, Nonmanufac- 
turing Industries, defines Wholesale Trade as including 
"establishments or places of business primai'ily engaged 
in selling merchandise to retailers; to industrial, commer- 
cial, institutional, or professional users; or to other whole- 
salers; or acting as agents in buying merchandise for, or 
selling merchandise to, such persons or companies." 



The 1948 Census of Business was conducted in accordance 
with this definition. 

Comparison of 1948 and 1939 Wholesale Trade 
scope. — With minor exceptions, the scope of Wholesale 
Trade in the 1948 census is the same as for 1939. Changes 
from 1939 were made with respect to coffee roasting and 
leaf tobacco stemming and rcdrying establishments, 
which were excluded from the 1948 Census of Business, 
but covered in the 1947 Census of Manufactures. 
Motion picture film distributors wei'e included with 
Wholesale Trade in 1939 but not in 1948. Data for 
this industry were collected and published in a special 
Census of Business release. No. BC-2P-1, entitled 
"Motion Picture Film Distributors." Administrative 
offices and auxiliary units of wholesale establishments 
were omitted in 1939, but included in 1948. Some 
adjustments in 1939 data were made in the case of 
individual companies which were classified differently in 
1948 from 1939. Adjustments and scope changes are 
reflected in those tables which contain comparative 
statistics. 

Type-of-operation classification. — Wliolesale Trade, as 
defined above, is much broader than the conventional 
concept of "wholesaler" selling primarily to retailers, as 
it also includes foreign trade merchants, industrial dis- 
tributors, manufacturer-owned wholesale outlets, agents, 
brokers, and assemblers of farm products. As the scope 
is so broad, the primary approach in classifying whole- 
sale establishments is on the basis of type of operation 
of the establishment. In the Standard Industrial Classi- 
fication Manual, wholesale establishments are divided 
into two major groups, one of which is further sub- 
divided into four groups : 

50 Merchant wholesalers. 

51 Wholesale Trade, other than merchant wholesalers. 

511 Sales branches and sales offices of manufacturing 

and mining companies. 

512 Petroleum bulk stations. 

513 Agents and brokers. 

514 Assemblers, mainly of farm products. 

These major groups are recognized in presenting 
Census of Business findings, but, in some tables, are 
broken into more detailed types with the result that 
data are shown for as many as 36 separate types of 
operation. Descriptions of these 36 types are shown in 
appendix B, and comparative Census classifications used 
in the 1948, 1939, and 1929 Censuses for the major groups 
are given in appendix D of this volume. A comparison 
of classifications used in the 1948 Census and in the 
Standard Industrial Classification Manual is presented 
in appendix E. 

Establishment basis of the census.— Census of Busi- 
ness figures represent a summary of reports for individual 
"establishments" rather than for the combined activities 
of "companies." A separate report was obtained for 
each location at which business was conducted, including 
each location of multiunit organizations. For such 



INTRODUCTION 



organizations, a separate report also was obtained for 
each central warehouse, administrative and district 
office, and each other location (other than a manufactur- 
ing plant) which serviced, or was auxiliary to, establish- 
ments of the organization reported to the Business 
Census. Each report was tabulated in accordance with 
the physical location of the establishment. 

Kind -of -business classification. — In addition to "loca- 
tion" and "type of operation" classification, each estab- 
lishment was assigned a kind-of-business classification. 
A total of 145 kind-of-business classifications are recog- 
nized in presenting census results for Wholesale Trade. 
The 145 detailed classifications are grouped into 53 
classifications which, in turn, are further arranged ac- 
cording to 17 major groups. A complete listing of kinds 
of business together with their descriptions is given in 
appendix C of this volume, accompanied by a comparison 
of census classifications used in the 1948, 1939, and 1929 
Business Censuses. In contrast to 145 Census classi- 
fications, SIC groups wholesale establishments under 57 
kinds of business. A comparison of Census and SIC 
classifications including an outline of the differences in 
these two classification systems is given in appendix E. 

Report forms. — Five report forms were used in enu- 
merating wholesale establishments in the 194S Census 
of Business. Form BC-30 was used for reporting opera- 
tions of merchant wholesalers and manufacturers' sales 
branches and offices primarily engaged in selling con- 
sumer goods such as foods, drugs, clothing, jewelry, etc.; 
Form BC-31 was used in enumerating merchant whole- 
salers and manufacturers' sales branches and offices 
engaged in selling industrial, commercial, or professional 
goods such as electrical goods, lumber, machinery, metals, 
etc.; Form BC-32 was a specialized questionnahe used 
for reporting operations of petroleum bulk stations and 
distributing terminals; Form BC-33 was used for enu- 
merating merchandise brokers and agents; and Form 
BC-34 was used for report i'jg activities of assemblers 
and marketers of farm products. The five forms were 
identical with respect to the basic information on number 
of establishments, sales, personnel, payroU, and inven- 
tories. They difTered materially, however, in the amount 
and kind of detail called for on sales by commodity lines, 
expenses, cash and credit business, trucks, etc. 

In addition to the five forms described above. Form 
BC-10 was required for each administrative office, ware- 
house, or other auxiliary unit, primarily engaged in per- 
forming functions for the wholesale establishments within 
their ovm organization. Eeproductions of the report 
forms used in enumerating Wholesale Trade appear in 
appendix G. 

Type of operation and kind of business detail in 
tables. — The detail in which data are presented by t3^pe 
of operation and kind of business in the tables in this 
volume is determined, basically, by the number of es- 
tablishments in the areas to which the data shown relate. 
Because of the relationship between the number of 
estabHshments and the number of different classifications 



for which data can be presented without violating census 
laws designed to prevent disclosure of confidential infor- 
mation, the amount of detail shown varies. 

For pi'esentation of wholesale data, a "collapsible" 
stub was employed where the smaU number of estab- 
lishments in an area or kind of business resulted in in- 
ability to present statistics without disclosure. In such 
cases, all kinds of business for which data could not be 
separately shown were lumped together in an "n. e. c." 
(not elsewhere classified) group. Thus, in a number of 
areas, data are presented for such classifications as 
"Merchant wholesalers, n. e. c," or "Manufacturers' 
sales branches, n. e. c," etc. Data in different tables for 
"n. e. c." groups usually are not comparable since they 
can consist of a varying number of kinds of business. 

Preference was given to a different procedure in certain 
tables where it was feasible to use a common stub for a 
number of areas. Where information for a classification 
might result in disclosure of figures for an individual 
establishment in this type of table, all data for the classi- 
fication except "Number of establishments" were sup- 
pressed. To prevent derivation of the suppressed 
figures by subtraction it was necessary that data for 
another classification also be withheld. 

Standard metropolitan areas. — In addition to States, 
counties, and cities. Census of Business statistics are 
presented for standard metropolitan areas. These are 
areas which have been defined and established cooper- 
atively by a number of iiiterested Federal agencies under 
the direction of the Bureau of the Budget for purposes of 
compilation and presentation of a wide variety of statisti- 
cal data on a uniform area basis. 

The general concept adopted in defining a standard 
metropolitan area was one of an integrated economic 
unit with a large volume of daily travel and communica- 
tion between a central city and the outlying parts of the 
area. This resulted in an area considerably more re- 
stricted, especially for the larger cities, than the "mar- 
ket" or "trading" area. Each area (except in New Eng- 
land) consists of one or more entire coimties. In New 
England, metropolitan areas have been defined on a town 
rather than on a coimty basis. A complete statement of 
the principles adopted as a guide in applying this general 
concept to the definition of individual areas wiU be found 
in a document issued by the Bureau of the Budget, 
Executive Office of the President, dated July 28, 1950, 
entitled "Standard Metropolitan Area Definitions." 

The 147 standard metropolitan areas for which 1948 
Census of Business data are included in the Area Sta- 
tistics Volumes are those defined by the Bureau of the 
Budget as of June 5, 1950, on the basis of 1950 popula- 
tion statistics available at that time. Subsequent to the 
preparation of Census of Business tabulations, the list of 
metropolitan areas was increased to 168 areas. The list 
of 147 standard metropolitan areas included in the Cen- 
sus of Business and the description of the territory which 
they cover will be found on page 38. These areas are 
also shown on the map on page 40. 



THE POST ENUMERATION SURVEY 



To permit an appraisal of the accuracy of its published 
statistics, the Bureau of the Census conducted an inten- 
sive investigation, on a sample basis, of the 1948 Census 
of Business enumeration. This investigation, known as 
the Post Enumeration Survey (PES), was designed 
primarily to measure the completeness of coverage of 
wholesale, retail, and service establishments in the 1948 
Census. 

Strict precautions were taken to make the PES an 
independent and objective check of the census enumera- 
tion. The location of the sample areas, which the PES 
was to cover, was not revealed to the Bureau's field 
organization until after the census enumeration had been 
certified as completed and records concerning the 
enumeration returned to Washington. 

Census concepts and procedures. — The 1948 Census 
of Business was defined as a census of "recognizable" 
establishments which would provide a measure of the 
volume of sales of such establishments in 1948 and of 
the number of their employees. "Recognizable" estab- 
lishments, for census purposes, were defined as all estab- 
lishments with one or more employees, whether or not 
"recognizable" as business places, as well as no-employee 
establishments which, because of appearance, sign, or 
marking, were recognizable to enumerators as business 
places. 

The 1948 Census, by definition, excluded from the 
count of establishments those which were in business 
during 1948 but which went out of business before 
December 31, 1948. The 1948 sales of such establish- 
ments, referred to subsequently as "part-year" estab- 
lishments, also were omitted from the census except in a 
relatively few cases where a successor establishment 
included in its Census report its own 1948 sales volume 
and that of its predecessor; i. e., the "part-year" estab- 
lishment, and also in those cases where multiunit organi- 
zations supplied data on business units which had been 
discontinued during 1948. 

The census enumeration was initiated by a listing 
operation in which Census enumerators in each of their 
enumeration districts were required to enter in a Listing 
Book the name, owner, address, major category of busi- 
ness, etc., for each recognizable place of business. Be- 
cause of a delay in the appropriation for the census, the 
full-scale listing operation did not begin until almost 
June 1949 and was not substantially completed until 



late September 1949. As will be indicated later, a 
portion of the census "undercoverage" is attributable to 
the unavoidable delay in the start of the listing operation. 
Analysis of PES data for coverage. — The program of 
analysis of PES data with respect to coverage has been 
designed to answer the following questions: 

1. What is the extent of census "undercoverage" resulting frotQ 
the failure of Census enumerators to list business establishments? 

2. What is the extent of net census "undercoverage" resulting 
from the omission of establishments which were in business as of 
the end of 1948 but went out of business before the enumerator 
listing operation was conducted and from the erroneous inclusion 
in the census of establishments which entered into business in 1949? 

A separate PES report, planned for later issuance, will 
provide additional measures including (1) a measure of 
the 1948 sales volume not in the census because of the 
definition excluding "part-year" businesses, (2) a measure 
of differences in the 1948 sales and employment reported 
in the census and, subsequently, in the PES, and (3) a 
measure of difi'erences between the census and PES in 
establishment classification (that is, whether an estab- 
lishment was classified as "wholesale" or as "other than 
wholesale"). 

Design and procedures of the PES. — The PES had 
the following features which were introduced with the 
aim of assuring accurate measurement of coverage error: 

1. The area sample for the PES consisted of about 2,500 small 
areas (segments) ranging in size from part of a building and part 
of a city block to an entire town or village. These segments were 
located in about 530 counties throughout the United States. This 
sample, drawn on a probability basis, was designed to include 
about 1 in 200 of the wholesale establishments in the United 
States. Within the sample segments, enumerators were instructed 
to reenumerate and to make a thorough field search for establish- 
ments missed in the census. As an aid to this search, special map- 
ping materials, including Sanborn maps which show and describe 
individual structures, were provided. 

2. The re-enumeration procedure was entrusted to a relatively 
small group of highly selected and specially trained interviewers. 
Prior to the canvass of each segment, the interviewer was provided 
with the general Census listings for the enumeration district in 
which the segment was located. He was also provided with 
Social Security Administration (BOASI) establishment cards for 
the district. In canvassing the segment the interviewer had to 
account for all in-segment addresses whether or not they were 
included on the Census Hstings or in the BOASI cards. Also, 
the interviewer had to write, in effect, a business history of the 
segment for the period January 1, 1948, to the date of his recanvass. 
He was required to obtain a listing of all the occupants of each 
business address in the segment for that period. The interviewer 



POST ENUMERATION SURVEY 



was instructed to obtain for each occupant sufficient information 
on the nature of the business activitj' to permit a classification 
into four major types: (i) wholesale, (ii) retail, (iii) service, 
(iv) other; i. e., not in the scope of the Census of Business. Finally, 
for each occupant in the first three classes, the interviewer was 
required to obtain from the best possible respondent information 
on 1948 sales and employment. 

3. The materials obtained during the PES field work were 
thoroughly reviewed and a careful re-examination made of the 
Census listings to make sure that every establishment treated as 
missed in the census or erroneously included properly belonged in 
these categories. 

PES findings on coverage of wholesale establish- 
ments. — The estimated undercoverage in the census 
enumeration of wholesale establishments, because of 
(1) the failure of enumei-ators to list wholesale establish- 
ments — "enumerator misses" and (2) omission of estab- 
lishments in business on December 31, 1948, which 
went out of business in 1949 before the Census listing 
was begun — "late start of listing," was determined 
through the PES analysis to be 0.7 percent of the 1948 
sales volume and 1.3 percent of the November 15, 1948, 
employment. 

The PES data further indicate that this undercoverage 
was produced primarily by the failure to canvass or list 
small establishments. The omitted wholesale establish- 
ments had, on the average, 2.3 paid employees on Novem- 
ber 15, 1948, as against 10.1 paid employees for the 
enumerated wholesale establishments. Saleswise, the 
situation is similar. The omitted wholesale establish- 
ments had, on the average, sales of $100,000 in 1948 as 
against $778,000 for the enumerated wholesale establish- 
ments. In terms of number of wholesale establishments 
they represented 5.5 percent of the 1948 Census total. 

The following table indicates the undercoverage 
caused by "enumerator misses" and by "late start of 
hsting," respectively: 



Component of undercoverage 


Undercoverage of wholesale estab- 
lishments (as percent of census 
total) 


Sales 


Employ- 
ment 


Number of 
establish- 
ments 


Total 


0.7 
0.7 
(■) 


1.3 
0.9 
0.4 


6.8 


Enumerator misses, ._ 


3 6 




1.9 







' Less than 0.05 percent. 

Interpretation and limitations of PES under coverage 
findings. — The PES findings are subject to the following 
limitations : 

1. The estimates of undercoverage of the total number of estab- 
lishments is subject to a sampling error of approximately 0.8 per- 
cent; that is, the chances are 2 out of 3 that the "percent of Census 
total" estimates will not difl'er by more than 0.8 percent, ab- 
solutely, from the true value. The sampling errors of the estimates 
of uncoverage of sales and employment are approximately 0.4 and 
0.6 percent, respectively. 

2. In general, the weight given to each wholesale establishment 
enumerated in the PES was inversely proportional to the probabil- 
ity of its inclusion in the sample. In the case of three exceptionally 
large establishments (two of which were accounted for by the late 
listing), weights of unity rather than the appropriate sample 
weight were assigned because the bias thus resulting would be far 
less than the sampling error which would otherwise be introduced. 

3. The "undercoverage" measures above refer only to losses 
occasioned by "enumerator misses" and the "late start of listing." 
These measures do not account for any differences which a change 
of census definition might cause (e. g., a change which would in- 
clude establishments which went out of business in 1948); or for 
any differences resulting from differences in census and PES 
scope and kind-of-business classifications; or from differences in 
the reporting to the census and PES of 1948 sales volume or 
employment. 

Measures of undercoverage of retail and service estab- 
lishments will be found in the PES discussion in volumes 
I and VI, respectively, of the 1948 Census. 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 

CONTENTS 

Text PaiEe 

Summary of Wholesale Trade 1 

Sales Size and Expense Analysis 13 

Credit Sales, Receivables, and Bad Debt Losses 18 

Sales by Class of Customer 20 

Legal Form of Organization 22 

Size by Number of Emploj^ees 24 

Trucks, Truck-Tractors, Trailers 24 

Miscellaneous Subjects 25 

Alaska and Hawaii 30 

Sales by Commodity or Merchandise LinesI 31 

Sales Analyses — Petroleum Bulk Stations and Terminals 33 

Table Text Tabks 

A. Summary by Standard Metropolitan Area 10 

B. Comparative Summary for the United States: 1948, 1939, and 1929 11 

C. Summary by 5 Type-of-Operation Groups and 17 Kinds of Business 13 

D. Merchant 'Wholesalers — Comparative Summary by 52 Kinds of Business: 1948, 1939, and 1929 14 

E. Sales Size — Service Wholesalers and Manufacturers' Sales Branches (With Stocks) 15 

F. Meat, Meat Products — Number of Service Wholesalers, by Sales Size and Operating Expense Ratios 18 

G. Comparative Summary of Sales by Class of Customer: 1948, 1939, and 1935- 22 

H. Comparative Summary of Establishments and Sales by Legal Form of Organization: 1948, 1939, and 1929. 24 

I. Employee Size of Wholesale Establishments 25 

J. Number of Trucks, Truck-Tractors, and Trailers Operated by Wholesale Trade Firms, December 1948 25 

K. Summary of Wholesale Trade by City Size 26 

L. Size by Number of Wholesale Establishments Operated by Company or Firm: 1948 and 1939 27 

M. Summary of Wholesale Trade, by Period Established or Acquu-ed 28 

N. Wholesale Agents and Brokers 30 

O. Wholesale Trade, Territories of Alaska and Hawaii: 1948 and 1939 30 

P. Petroleum Bulk Stations and Terminals — Establishments, Dollar Sales (excluding gasoline taxes) and Gal- 
lons Sold 34 

Q. Petroleum Bulk Stations and Terminals — Storage Capacity, December 31, 1948 36 

6 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



SUMMARY OF WHOLESALE TRADE 



Number of establishments. — In 194S there were in the 
continental United States 244,705 estabUshments or 
places of business primarily engaged in Wholesale Trade. 
Of this number, 243,366 were classified as wholesale 
establishments primarily engaged in marketing or selling 
merchandise at wholesale and 1,339 were administrative 
offices, district offices, warehouses, or other auxiliary 
units engaged chiefly in administering or servicing whole- 
sale establishments. Data for "wholesale establish- 
ments" and for "admmistrative offices, auxiliary units" 
are presented separately in tables lA and iB of this vol- 
ume. Other tables in this volume are limited to whole- 
sale establishments, except where the inclusion of ad- 
ministrative offices and auxiliary units is specifically 
noted. 

Each wholesale establishment of organizations oper- 
ating at more than one place of business is counted 
separately. An establishment is considered to be pri- 
marily engaged in 'Wliolesale Trade when its principal 
function is to sell merchandise at wholesale, or to act as 
an agent in the marketing of goods at wholesale. "At 
wholesale" represents marketing or selling to retailers; 
to other wholesalers; or to industrial, commercial, pro- 
fessional, and similar types of end users rather than to 
household consumers, individual buyers for personal use, 
or to farmers. Although the 1948 Census of Business 
enumerated all wholesale establishments regardless of 
size, tabulations exclude those that operated dming the 
entire year 1948 but had sales of less than $5,000. In the 
1939 Census of Business the corresponding figure for 
exclusion from the tabulations was $500. 

The number of wholesale establishments in 1948 was 
45 percent larger than at the time of the first Census of 
Business (then called Distribution) which covered the 
year 1929. The number increased from 168,262 in 1929 
to 199,726 in 1939, an increase of 19 percent for the 10- 
year period; then to 243,366 in 1948, or an increase of 22 
percent in the 9-year period. Correspondingly, the 
number of retail stores in the United States increased by 
20 percent during the decade 1929 to 1939, but recorded 
little or no change from 1939 to 1948. The number of 
manufacturing establishments showed a different trend 
by declining 16 percent from 1929 to 1939, then increas- 
ing by 39 percent from 1939 to 1947, or a net gain of 17 
percent for the 18-year period. 

Sales, entire year. — Total Wholesale Trade sales for 
the year 1948 amounted to $190.5 billion, $188.7 billion of 
which was reported by wholesale establishments and 



$1.8 billion by administrative offices and auxiliary units. 
"Sales" as the term is used here (see appendix F, Ex- 
planation of terms) includes receipts from merchandise 
sold, together with any receipts from repairs or other serv- 
ices to customers, after deducting returns and allow- 
ances and trade discoimts. Sales of merchandise for 
others on an agency or commission basis are included as 
well as sales for the account of the reporting establish- 
ment. The above totals do not include wholesale sales 
made by manufacturers direct from manufacturing 
plants, nor wholesale sales made by retailers. However, 
they do include retail sales by wholesale establishments. 
A measiu-e of wholesale sales by retail stores is presented 
in volume I, chapter 15. 

Sales of wholesale establishments decreased from 
$66.7 billion in 1929 to $54.9 billion in 1939, a decline of 
18 percent, then increased to $188.7 billion in 1948 — 
a net gain from 1929 to 1948 of 183 percent. Corre- 
spondingly, sales of retail stores were down 13 percent, 
1939 compared with 1929, but increased by 210 percent 
from 1939 to 1948— a net gam 1948 over 1929 of 170 
percent. 

Total 1948 Wholesale Trade sales as shown in this 
volume exceeded total sales of all retail stores during the 
year 1948 by $58.2 billion. This is occasioned by the 
fact that Wholesale Trade, as defined in the Standard 
Industrial Classification system — a definition adopted 
for Census purposes — is much broader than the concept 
of "wholesalers" or "jobbers" selling primarily to retail- 
ers, as it also includes establishments primarily engaged 
in selling (but not producing) merchandise to whole- 
salers; to industrial, commercial, professional, and sim- 
ilar end usei-s; or to govermnental bodies; and exporters. 
Sales of wholesale establishments are analyzed by class of 
customer in chapter 4 of this volume, where it is noted 
that sales to retailers constituted less than one-half of the 
total dollar volume. 

Comparative summaries of Wholesale Trade, 1948, 
1939, and 1929 are presented in tables IC and ID of this 
volume. 

Employment and payroll. — A total of 2,627,000 persons 
were actively engaged in Wholesale Trade in November 
1948. Of this number, 164,000 were active proprietors 
or partners of unincorporated businesses, and 2,463,000 
were employed on a salary or wage basis. Payroll, 
including commissions and bonuses, of the 2.5 million 
paid employees amounted to $159.5 million for the work- 
week ended nearest November 15, 1948, or an average 



8 



WHOLESALE TRADE 



of slightly less than $65 per week per employee. It 
should be noicd that the $G5 represents a general average 
for the country as a whole, all classes of employees in all 
types of wholesale establishments. It is not necessarily 
representative for any particular group of employees. 

Number of employees and payroll were tabulated for 
the workweeks ending nearest March 15, Julj^ 15, and 
November 15. Employment during the workweek ended 
nearest November 15 averaged slightly higher than 
during either of the other two periods, but the difference 
in most instances was small, generally less than 5 percent. 
Variations from this general trend, however, may be 
noted in table lE of this volume and in table 101, Volume 
V, Wliolesale Trade. In tables providing figures for 
only one week of employment and pajToll the data 
shown are for the workweek of November 15. 

Of the 2.5 million paid employees, 2.4 million were 
engaged in wholesale establishments and the remainder 
at administrative offices and auxiliary units. The 
number of paid employees at wholesale establishments 
increased from 1.6 million in 1939 to 2.4 million in 1948, 
or 50 percent. During the same period the number of 
paid employees of retail stores increased by 4.3 percent. 

Stocks. — Inventories of merchandise on hand for sale 
at the end of 1948 were valued (at cost) at $10,329 
million, $10,167 million of which was reported bj' whole- 
sale establishments and $162 million by administrative 
offices and auxiliary units. Postwar 1948 sales were up 
245 percent over prewar 1939, compared with an increase 
of 164 percent in the dollar value of inventories. 

Dollar value of inventories of all wholesale establish- 
ments reporting both beginning- and end-of-year stocks 
were up 8 percent December 31, 1948, over December 
31, 1947. Not all types of establishments, however, 
followed this general trend. As shown in table 5A, 
dollar inventories m some classes of establishments, 
notably assemblers of farm products, decreased during 
the year 1948. These declines may have resulted pri- 
marily from price changes. 

Wholesale Trade geographically. — Wholesale Trade, 
as measured in censuses for a State, city, or county 
represents the total business of all wholesale establish- 
ments, together with any administrative offices and 
auxiliary units, located within the area. Geographic 
measurement is accordmg to the location of establish- 
ments from which business is conducted. Traveling 
salesmen, together with then- sales, are credited to 
establishments from which they operate. 

States. — Table IB of this volume presents a summary 
of Wholesale Trade by States for the year 1948. Table 
ID is a comparative summary by States, 1948, 1939, 
and 1929. New York led all other States with sales in 
1948 totalmg $43.6 billion, or 22.9 percent of the national 
total. Illinois ranked second with $18.3 billion sales, 
followed by California and Pennsylvania, each with sales 
totaling more than $10 billion. Considered together, 
these four States contributed 45.4 percent of the total for 
continental United States. 



Data on establishments, sales, expenses, pajToll, 
employment, and stocks are presented for each State by 
kind of business and type of operation in table 101, 
Volume V, Census of Business: 1948. 

Standard metropolitan areas. — The next areas smaller 
than States for which Census of Business data are 
presented separately are standard metropolitan areas. 
These are areas which have been defined and established 
cooperatively by a number of interested Federal agencies 
imder the direction of the Bm-eau of the Budget for 
purposes of compilation and presentation of a wide 
variety of statistical data on a uniform basis. Data on 
establishments, sales, pajToU, and employment are pre- 
sented separately in table 102, Volume V, Census of 
Business: 1948, for 147 standard metropolitan areas — 
those defined by the Bureau of the Budget as of June 5, 
1950, on the basis of 1950 population statistics available 
at that time. Subsequent to preparation of the Census 
of Business tabulations, there were additional metro- 
politan areas defined. The list of the 147 standard 
metropolitan areas identified separately in the Census of 
Business, together with their definitions appears on 
page 38 of this volume. The areas are also shown on the. 
maps, pages 40 and 41, Standard Metropolitan Areas. 
Table IH of this volume presents for merchant whole-, 
salers the number of establishments and sales in standard 
metropolitan areas with 300,000 inhabitants or more by 
49 kinds of business. 

Significance of the 147 standard metropolitan areas 
as wholesale trade centers may be illustrated by the fact 
that although as a group they contained only sHghtly 
more than one-half (54.4 percent) of the population of 
the country in 1950, they accounted for two-thirds of 
the wholesale establishments, 84 percent of sales, and 
78 percent of employment in Wholesale Trade in 1948. 
Their significance is further illustrated by the fact that 
the 14 areas each having a million or more inhabitants 
in 1950 contributed, as a group, 29 percent of the popu- 
lation of the country, 100,000 of the 243,000 wholesale 
establishments, and slightly more than one-half of 
wholesale sales. The 43 areas with 250,000-499,999 
inhabitants accounted for about the same proportion of 
the total population (9.6 percent) as of wholesale sales 
(9.4 percent). Stated differently, per capita wholesale 
sales for metropolitan areas with a quarter to a half 
million population is approximately the same as for the 
country as a whole. Metropolitan areas with more than 
one-half million inhabitants recorded per capita whole- 
sale sales in excess of national average whereas the 
reverse held true in smaller areas. 

Weekly payi'oll of paid employees of wholesale estab- 
lishments tends to be related to the size of the population 
center. Compared with an average of almost $65 per 
employee per week for the country as a whole, employees 
in metropolitan areas of a million or more inhabitants 
received an average of $73 per week. From this high 
the average decreased slightly but consistently with a 
decrease in the population size of the area to $54 a week 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



CHART 1.— WHOLESALE TRADE— SALES, BY STATE: 1948 



BILLIOM DOLLARS 
20 2S 




SOUTH CAROLIKA. 



978491— 5J- 



10 



WHOLESALE TRADE 



in the 2 areas with fewer than 100,000 inhabitants and to 
$48 in the nonmetropohtan areas. Here also it might 
be noted that these figures are average for all classes of 
employees in all types of establishments and may not 
be representative of any particular group. 

Counties and cities. — Wholesale Trade data on num- 
ber of establishments, sales, personnel, and payroll are 
presented in Volume V, "Wholesale Trade — Area Statis- 
tics"— for counties and for cities of 5,000 inhabitants or 
more. Table 103 presents these basic data, arranged 
by States, for each county and each city within the 
county. Data for counties with 50 or more wholesale 
establishments in 1948 are classified by type of operation 
and kind of business in table 104, which also is arranged 
by States. A separate Wholesale Trade bulletin con- 
sisting of tables 101, 102, 10.3, and 104 was published 
for each State and for the District of Columbia. For 
presentation of Wholesale Trade statistics a "collapsible" 
stub was emploj'ed where a small number of establish- 
ments in an area or kind of business resulted in inability 
to present data for all classifications without disclosure 
of individual operations. In such cases, all kinds of 
business for which data could not be shown separately 
were grouped together in an "n. e. c." (not elsewhere 
classified) group. Detail published was essentially 
determined by provisions of census law directed at pre- 
venting disclosure of figures for individual concerns. 

Summary by type of operation. — Wliolesale Trade as 
defined in the Standard Industrial Classification Manual, 
a definition adopted for purposes of conducting the 1948 
Census, is much broader than the usual concept of 
"wholesale" or "jobber" as it also included foreign trade 
merchants and industrial distributors; manufacturers' 
sales branches and offices; petroleum bulk stations and 
termmals; merchandise brokers and agents; and assem- 
blers (mainly farm products) . For purposes of present- 
ing census findings, wholesale establishments are divided 
into five more or less homogeneous type-of-operation 
groups and each establishment is assigned to one of the 



groups according to the character of its operations and 
the nature of functions performed. The five type-of- 
operation groups are: 

Merchant wholesalers. 
Manufacturers' sales branches, offices. 
Petroleum bulk stations, terminals. 
Agents, brokers. 
Assemblers (mainly farm products). 

The five type groups are further subdivided into a 
total of 36 detailed types of operation, all of which are 
described in appendix B of this volume. Summary data 
are presented separately for each type of operation in 
table lE, and for each of the detailed types by kind of 
business in table 8D. 

Of the five type-of-operation groups, merchant whole- 
salers are most important both in terms of number of es- 
tablishments and sales. They operated 146,518 of the 
243,366 wholesale establishments in the United States in 
1948 and accounted for 42.3 percent of the sales. Man- 
ufacturers' sales branches and offices were second from 
the standpoint of sales, contributing $52.7 billion, or 28 
percent of the $188.7 billion recorded by all wholesale 
establishments. These totals represent only the sales 
of branches and offices operated by manufacturers apart 
from the manufacturing plant and do not include whole- 
sale sales made by manufacturers direct from plants nor 
from their general offices. Agents and brokers were 
third with sales (transactions negotiated) totaling $34.6 
billion, followed by assemblers with $11 billion, and 
petroleum bulk stations and terminals with $10.6 billion. 

Historically, merchant wholesalers also recorded the 
largest increase in count of establishments since the first 
Census of Business which covered the year 1929. Their 
number mcreased from 79,178 in 1929 to 100,961 m 1939, 
a gain of 28 percent, and to 146,518 in 1948, an additional 
gain of 45 percent, or an increase of 85 percent for the 
19-year period. All type-of-operation groups except 
assemblers of farm products recorded increases in estab- 
lishment counts from 1929 to 1939, and except for as- 



Table a.— summary by STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREA 



Standard metropolitan area size groups 



United States, total 

147 standard metropolitan areas, total 

14 areas with 1,000,000 inhabitants or more 
18 areas with 500,000 to 999,999 inhabitants 
43 areas with 250,000 to 499,999 inhabitants 
70 areas with 100,000 to 249,999 inhabitants 
2 areas with less than 100,000 inhabitants.. 

lEemainder of the United States _. 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
(number) 



243, 366 

161, 932 
99, 624 
22,838 
22, 004 
17, 176 
390 
81, 434 



Sales, entire year 



Amount 
C$1,000) 



188, 688, 801 
168,093,897 
102, 622, 073 
24, 616, 720 
17, 667. 378 
12, 764, 649 
434, 177 
30, 694, 904 



Percent 

ofU, S. 

total 



100.0 

83.8 
64.4 
13.0 
9.4 
6.8 
0.2 
16.2 



Payroll, entire year 



Amoimt 
$(1,000) 



7, 990, 713 

6, 756, 437 

4, 218, 459 

1,061,6.';3 

868, 221 

604, 414 

12,790 

1, 236, 276 



Percent 

of U. S. 

total 



100.0 

84.5 
52.6 
13.2 
10.9 
7.6 
0.2 
16.6 



Active pro- 
prietors,! 

November 
(number) 



163, 490 

105, 513 
67. 968 
13, 443 
13, 408 
10, 435 
259 
67, 977 



Paid employees and payroll workweek, 
ended nearest November 16 



Paid employees 



Number 



2, 382, 789 

1, 870, 767 

1,089,400 

307, 838 

273, 419 

195, 612 

4.498 

512,022 



Percent 
of total 



100. 

78.5 
45.7 
12.9 
11.5 
8.2 
0.2 
21.6 



Payroll 



Amount 
(dollars) 



153. 223, 967 

128, 440, 462 
79, 726, 288 
20, 046, 434 
16, 767, 701 
11.664,937 
246, 092 
24, 783, 616 



Per em- 
ployee 
(dollars) 



Popu- 
lation, 
1950, 
percent 
otU. S, 
total ' 



100.0 

64.4 
29.4 
7.8 
9.6 
7.5 
0.1 
45.6 



' Proprietors of imincorporated businesses. 
' Based on advance 1950 population estimates. 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



11 



semblers and petroleum bulk stations, again in 1948 over 
1939. In contrast to the general trend, the number of 
assemblers decreased from 34,143 at the time of the first 
Census in 1929 to 28,931 m 1939 and to 19,268 in 1948, a 
trend related to changes in transportation facilities. 

All tj^pe groups reported substantial increases in dollar 
volume of sales for 1948 over 1939 and also for 1948 over 
1929. Some shifts in the pattern are noted, however, 
when sales for each of the tj^pe groups is expressed as a 
percent of total sales for all type groups combined. Mer- 
chant wholesalers, although their number of establish- 
ments increased rather sharply, barely held their own 
from the standpoint of sales — decreasing slightly from 
43.7 percent of the total for all types in 1929 to 41.0 per- 
cent in 1939, then increasing modestly to 42.3 percent in 
1948. Manufacturers' sales branches and offices in- 
creased their portion of sales of all wholesale establish- 
ments from 24.2 percent m 1929 to 26.0 percent in 1939, 
and 28.0 percent in 1948. Agents and brokers, on the 
other hand, contributed a decreasing portion of the total, 
declining from 21.8 percent at the time of the first census 
in 1929 to 21.5 percent in 1939 and 18.3 percent in 1948. 
Petroleum bulk stations and terminals — engaged pri- 
marily in the wholesale distribution of motor fuels, 
lubricants, and heating oils — accounted for 3.6 percent 
of the total dollar volume of wholesale establishments in 
1929, 6.9 percent in 1939, but only 5.6 percent in 1948. 
The relative decline from 1939 to 1948 may have been 
partly a function of price. 

Assemblers, their number declining consistently for the 
three census years, recorded a decrease in then- portion of 
sales from 6.9 percent in 1929 to 4.6 percent in 1939, then 
an increase to 5.8 percent in 1948. Here also price 
trends may have been a contributuag factor in the shift 
in their portion of total sales of all wholesale establish- 
ments. The fact that assemblers of farm products 
recorded an increase, 1948 over 1939, coupled with a 
decline in number of establishments mdicated a sub- 
stantial increase in the average sales per establishment. 

Additional information on tj'pes of operation for the 
three census }"ears appears in table IC of this volume. 



Summary by kind of business. — In addition to being 
classified according to functional type, each wholesale 
establishment was also assigned a kind-of-business 
classification for purposes of preparing totals by kind of 
business or trade. In general, the kind-of-business 
classification assigned was based on the analysis which 
each establishment reported of its total sales for the 
census year classified into individual commodity or 
merchandise lines. Establishments that handled lines 
broad enough to overlap Census classifications were 
assigned the kind of business according to their pre- 
dominant activity and all of the business included in the 
one kind-of-business classification. The kind-of-business 
classification, while primarily on a commodity basis, 
should not be confused with the total volume of business 
in any one commoditj' or merchandise line since many 
establishments handled more than a single line of mer- 
chandise. Measures of commodity or merchandise lines 
handled by the various classes of wholesale establish- 
ments are given in tables 10, 11, 12, 13, and 14B of this 
volume. 

Wholesale establishments were classified into 145 
detailed kinds of business. These detailed kinds were 
grouped into 53 trade classifications which were further 
arranged according to 17 major groups. Each of the 
detailed kinds of business is described in appendix C. 
In presenting the results on Wholesale Trade, the data 
are arranged fust by type of operation, then for each of 
the major type groups by kmd of business. As the 
functional type groups represent somewhat different 
levels of marketing, kind-of-business totals, independent 
of type of operation, are not presented in the census 
findings. 

Basic data on number of establishments, sales, oper- 
ating expenses, payroll, employment, and stocks are 
presented for the major types of operation bj" kinds of 
business in summary for the United States in tables lA, 
IC, and IE of this volume. In Volume V, Census of 
Business: 1948, the basic data are presented by ty^pe of 
operation and kind of business for each State in table 
101, for each standard metropolitan area in table 102, 



Table B.— COMPARATIVE SUMMARY FOR THE UNITEE 


STATES: 


1948, 1939, AND 1929 




Item 


Total, all types 
of operation 


Merchant 
wholesalers 


Manufacturers' 

sales branches, 

offices 


Petroleum bulk 
stations, ter- 
minals 


Agents and 
brokers 


Assemblers 

(mainly farm 

products) 


Number of establishments: 

1948 


243,366 

199.726 
168,262 

188, 688, 801 
100.0 

54,888,480 
100.0 

66, 739, 607 
100.0 


146, 518 
100, 961 
79, 178 

79, 766, 589 
42.3 

22, 537, 832 
41.0 

29, 205, 174 
43.7 


23,768 
17.926 
16,863 

52, 738, 577 
28.0 

14, 253. 609 
26.0 

16, 174, 882 
24.2 


29,451 

30, 825 
19,611 

10, 615, 650 
6.6 

3,807,908 
6.9 

2, 390, 213 
3.6 


24,361 
21,083 
18,467 

34, 610, 092 
18.3 

11, 779, 499 
21.5 

14, 517, 239 
21.8 


19, 268 


1939 - ... 


28,931 


1929 


34, 143 


Sales: 

1948 

Amnnnt (fhnn^ftTirt Hnllftrs) 


10, 857, 893 




5.8 


1939 


2, 509, 632 


Percent of total 


4.6 


1929 
Amount (thousand dollars) 


4, 452, 099 




6.7 







12 



WHOLESALE TRADE 



CHART 2.— WHOLESALE TRADE, BY TYPE OF OPERATION: 1948, 1939, AND 1929 



PERCENT 
60 



PERCEHT 
50 



SALES 

IPERCEXTAGE OF UHITED STATES TOTALS) 



W 



20 



1(2.3* 





28.0?; 



26.6* ■ I 




21.5?:: 



:|2I.8*| 

\4. 




mm^ 






TOTAL SALES 



BILLIOH DOLLARS 
200 I 



150 

100 

50 





19U3 1939 1929 



:t.6)t|: 



m 




S.6% 



':6.n'> 



■■\- W/'-i'WA 



3.60 



20 



I9>(8 1939 1939 
MERCHANT WHOLESALERS 



1948 1939 1929 
MANUFACTURERS' SALES 
BRANCHES, OFFICES 



I9>t8 1939 1929 
AGENTS AND BROKERS 



I9>t8 1939 1929 
ASSEMBLERS (MAINLY 
FARM PRODUCTS) 



I9>(8 1939 1929 

PETROLEUM BULK 

STATIONS, TERMINALS 



PERCENT 
80 I 



PERCENT 
80 



60 



W 



20 



iO.n 




9.8* 



ESTABLISHMENTS 

(PERCENTAGE of' UNITED STATES TOTALS) 



TOTAL ESTABLISHMENTS 

ISOUSIKS 

300 I 



168.3 

m 



19aB 1939 1929 



pOJl 



:9.0j; 







10.0% 



:|0.6?i 



.p-oM 




7.9-i 



14.6* 




m 



12.1% 



:il6.t%:; 



^ll.6?| 




to 



20 



1948 1939 1929 
MERCHANT WHOLESALERS 



1943 1939 1929 

MANUFACTURERS' SALES 

BRANCHES, OFFICES 



1948 1939 1929 
AGENTS AND BROKERS 



1948 1939 1929 

ASSEMBLERS (MAINLY 

FARM PRODUCTS) 



1948 1939 1929 

PETROLEUM BULK 

STATIONS, TERMINALS 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



13 



and for each county with 50 or more wholesale establish- 
ments in table 104. 

Table C, below, derived from table lE of this volume, 
measures in terms of number of establishments and dollar 
volume of sales the importance of the 17 kind-of-business 
groups under the 5 major types of operation. Measured 
in dollar sales "Groceries, confectionery, meats" con- 
stituted the most important classification of merchant 
wholesalers and also of manufacturers' sales branches 
and offices. "Farm products (raw materials)" — prin- 
cipally grain and livestock commission merchants — con- 
stituted the most important kind of business of agents 
and brokers. Assemblers are found chiefly in the farm 
products trade; and by definition, petroleum bulk sta- 
tions and terminals are limited to the petroleum trade. 

Again measured in terms of dollar volume of sales, 
merchant wholesalers constituted the most important 
type group for 12 of the 17 major kind-of-business classi- 
fications. Aianufacturers' sales branches and offices 
predominated in the case of "Drugs, chemicals, allied 
products" — principally chemicals; "Machinery, equip- 
ment, supplies"; and "Metals, metalwork (except 
scrap)." Agents and brokers — chiefly commission mer- 
chants — constituted the principal type of marketer of 
"Inedible farm products." Petroleum bulk stations, 
terminals contributed the largest portion of sales in 
"Other kinds of business," as shown in the accompanying 
table C. 

Trends in the number of establishments and sales of 
merchant wholesalers — 1929, 1939, and 1948 — are shown 
for the 52 kinds of business in the accompanying table D. 
Generally, the trend both in establishments and sales 
was upward for 1948 over 1939 and also for 1948 over 
1929. Exceptions to the general trend are noted in the 
count of establishments for the general-line trades 
(general-line groceries, general-line drugs, general-line 



dry goods, and general-line electrical merchandise). 
Here in each case the number of establishments in 1948 
was lower than in 1929. "General-line dry goods" also 
recorded smaller dollar sales m 1948 than in 1929. Other 
kinds of business showing a smaller number of establish- 
ments in 1948 than in 1929 included: Fish, sea foods; 
Farm products (raw materials) ; Nonferrous metals, metal 
work; and Petroleum and products. 

Sales gains, 1948 over 1929, amounted to 500 percent 
or more in six trades or kinds of business for which data 
are shown separately in table D, below, and gains of 
300-499 percent were recorded by twelve trades. Indus- 
trial, heavj", and durable goods trades generally recorded 
larger percentage gains than did the consumer goods 
trades. 

Additional historical information is presented by kind 
of business in table iC of this volume. 

Briefly reviewed in the following pages are findings 
derived from chapters 2 through 14 of this volume. 

Sales Size and Expense Analysis 

Service wholesalers, a portion of the merchant whole- 
saler group, and manufacturers' sales branches (with 
stocks) were selected for sales size and expense analysis 
studies in chapter 2. Th(< term "service wholesaler" as 
used here includes the following types of operation as 
described in appendix B of this volume: 
Service wholesalers (domestic market) : 
Wholesale merchants, jobbers. 
Converters (textile). 
Industrial distributors. 
Foreign trade merchants: 
Importers. 

Exporters are excluded, but it was'necessary to include 
a small number of retailer-cooperatives — limited service 
establishments — in the drug trade in order to avoid 
possible disclosure of individual information. 



Table C— SUMMARY BY 5 TYPE-OF-OPERATION GROUPS AND 17 KINDS OF BUSINESS 



Kind of business 



United states, total.. 

Groceries, confectionery, meats 

Farm products (edible) 

Beer, wines, distilled spirits 

Drups, clieinlcals, :\nied products.. 
Tobacco and products (except leaf) 

Dry goods, apparel 

Furniture, home furnishings 

Paper and its products 

Farm products (raw materials) 

Automotive 

Electrical goods 

Hardware, plumbing, heating 

Lumber, construction materials — 
Machinery, equipment, supplies.. 
Metals, metalwork (except scrap) _ 

Waste materials. 

other kinds of business 



Number of establishments 



Merchant 
whole- 
salers 



146, 518 

17, 346 

13,539 
7,195 
4.671 
3,019 

11,733 
3,813 
4.044 
2.594 

14, 093 
5,443 
5,901 
5,890 

21,430 
1,803 
7,717 

16,688 



Manufac- 
turers' 
sales 

branches, 
offices 



23, 768 

3,614 
723 
365 

1,870 
241 

1,028 
696 

1,073 



(') 
1,326 
1,068 
880 
6,760 
1,449 



1 2, 796 



Petroleum 

bulk 
stations, 
terminals 



29, 431 



Agents, 
brokers 



24,361 

3,171 

1,165 

97 

499 

19 

3,293 

1,045 

407 
3,744 

556 
1,312 
1,236 

788 
3,365 

743 

90 

2,841 



Assem- 
blers 

(mainly 

farm 
products) 



^1 



19, 268 



844 
6,076 



11, 939 



409 



Sales, entire year 



Merchant 

wholesalers 

($1,000) 



79, 766. 589 

11, 356, 738 

7, 600. 941 
4, 069. 729 
2. 282. 226 

2, 629. 576 
6, 727, 719 
1,314,945 
1,901,747 
6, 903, 993 
4. 091, 689 
4. 424, 566 

3. 826. 957 
3, 934, 736 
6, 731. 372 
2. 056, 715 
2, 699. 300 

8, 413, 740 



Manufac- 
turers' sales 
branches, 
offices 
($1,000) 



62, 738, 577 

7, 967, 289 

954. 123 

1,731,194 

3, 626. 940 

1, 692, 002 

2, 974. 958 
897. 904 

1, 403, 551 



(I) 
4, 374. 478 
1, 201, 749 
1, 692, 442 
6,964,179 
7, 420, 184 



1 9, 836, 577 



Petroleimi 

bulk 

stations, 

terminals 

($1,000) 



10, 615, 650 



" 10, 616, 650 



Agents, 
brokers 
($1,000) 



34, 610. 092 

5, 487, 102 

1, 778, 371 

64, 187 

392, 648 

5.620 

5, 497, 838 
469, 903 
251,077 
11,739,902 
469, 614 
683, 653 
468, 431 
6.39. 286 

1, 422, 424 
726, 293 
200, 562 

4, 423, 321 



Assemblers 

(mainly 

farm 

products) 

($1,000) 



10, 957, 893 

324, 842 
2, 720, 843 



7, 766, 809 



165, 399 



' Automotive included in " Other kinds of business." 
> Petroleum and its products. 



14 WHOLESALE TRADE 

Table D.— MERCHANT WHOLESALERS— COMPARATIVE SUMMARY BY 52 KINDS OF BUSINESS: 1948, 1939, AND 1929 



Kind of business 



Number of establishments 



Sales, entire year 



1948 ($1,000) 1939 ($1,000) 1929 ($1,000) 



Percent change In sales 



1948 over 1939 1948 over 1929 



United SUIes. total 

(Irocerics, confectionery, meats 

(Irocories (General line) - --- 

Confectionery -- - 

Fish, sea foods - 

Meats, meat products 

Other proccry, food specialties 

Farm products (edible) - 

Dairy, poultry products - - 

Fruits, vepetables (fresh),.. 

Beer, wines, distilled spirits.. 

Beer, ale 

Wines, distilled spirits 

DruRS, chemicals, allied products 

Drugs (general line) 

Drues. druK sundries (specialty lines) 

Industrial cliemicals, explosives __. 

Paints, varnishes 

Tobacco and products (except leaf) 

Dry Koods. apparel 

Clothine. furnishings, footwear 

Dry goods (general line) 

Dry goods specialties, piece goods, notions... 

Piece goods converters 

Furniture, home furnishings 

Furniture (household, office).. 

Home furnishings, floor coverings 

Paper and its products - 

Paper (exc. stationery and wallpaper) _ 

.'Stationery, office supplies 

Wallpaper.. 

Farm products (raw materials) 

Automotive 

Automobiles, other motor vehicles,. 

Automotive equipment, tires and tubes .,_ 

Electrical goods 

Electrical giods (general line) 

Wiring supplies, construction materials, apparatus and 

equipment 

Electrical appliances, specialties 

Hardware, plumbing, heating _ 

Hardware 

Plumbing, heating equipment, supplies 

Lumber, construction materials ___ 

Lumber, millwork 

Other construction materials... 

Machinery, equipment, supplies 

Commercial machines, equipment 

Construction machinery, equipment 

Farm-dairy machinery, equipment 

Industrial machinery, equipment, supplies 

Professional equipment, supplies 

Service establishment equipment, supplies 

Transportation (except automotive) equipment, supplies,, 

Metals, metal work (except scrap) _ 

Iron, steel and products 

Nonfcrrous metals, metal work _ 

Waste materials 

Iron, steel scrap 

Other scrap, waste materials 

Other merchant wholesalers _ 

Amusement, sporting goods 

Books, periodicals, newspapers 

Coal, coke 

Farm supplies 

Jewelry _ 

Petroleum and products 

Merchant wholesalers, miscellaneous products _. 



146, 518 

17. 345 
4.265 
2,077 
1.2)3 

3. ,'i07 
6.263 

13. 639 
6.668 
6.871 
7,105 
5.668 
1.527 
4,671 

303 
1,902 
1.189 
1.277 
3.019 
11.7,33 
5.133 

182 
5.284 
1. 1.34 
3.813 
1, 173 
2.640 

4. 044 
2,904 

880 

260 

2,694 

14. 693 
2.270 

12.423 

5,443 

S40 

2.385 
2,618 
6,901 
2. 153 
3.748 
5.890 
3.312 
2,678 
21. 430 
4,814 

936 

883 
7,304 
2,696 
4,240 

667 
1. 803 
1.645 

258 
7.717 
3.054 
4.663 
15,688 
2.226 
1,601 

982 
1,658 
3,391 
1.196 
4,634 



100, 961 

15.681 
3.942 
2,089 
1,182 
2,552 
6.916 
10.945 
4.559 
6,380 
6.232 
4.812 
1.420 
3,298 

297 
1.321 

746 

934 
2,717 
8. 275 
4,178 

222 
3,244 

631 
2.214 

433 
1,781 
2.898 
2.102 

515 

281 
2.086 
7.818 
n. a. 
n. a. 
3,072 

455 

1,162 

1,456 

3, 668 

1. 343 

2.225 

3,303 

1,670 

1. 6.33 

11. 270 

1.643 

404 

319 

4.018 

1,634 

3.008 

244 

1,017 

863 

164 

6.059 

1.869 

4.190 

10.508 

1.128 

866 

919 

1.477 

1.806 

1,275 

3,038 



79. 178 

15. 224 

6.748 

2.028 

1. 316 

2.225 

3.907 

8.972 

3.276 

5,696 

(') 

(') 

(') 

2,376 

494 

707 

670 

606 

1,721 

7.383 

3. 677 

867 

2.736 

204 

1, 7,50 

,531 

1. 229 

2,297 

1, 645 

427 

226 

3. 400 

3. 461 

n. a. 

n. a, 

2,182 

863 

433 

886 

2.953 

1.249 

1.704 

3.774 

1.688 

2.086 

6. 988 

812 

262 

208 

3. 004 

952 

1,674 

186 

856 

580 

276 

3.919 

600 

3.319 

11.932 

581 

421 

824 

1.1.18 

1.666 

3.114 

4.168 



79. 76G, 589 

11.356.7,38 

5. 790. 121 

377. 047 

393. 662 

1. 999. 476 

2. 787, 432 

7, .TOO, 941 
4. 278. 748 

3. 222. 193 

4. 069. 729 

1. 6,50. 562 

2, 519. 167 
2. 282. 226 

848. 870 
621, 476 
690. 019 
221, 861 
2, 529, 576 

5. 727, 719 
1. 558. 536 

467. 242 
1, 947. 798 
1, 764, 143 
1,314.945 

379. 730 

935,216 
1,901.747 
1, 688. 542 

180. 867 
32. 338 

6. 903. 993 
4. 091. 589 

1. isn. 871 

2. 640. 718 
4, 424. 566 

1, 521. 874 

864. 672 

2, 038. 020 

3, 826. 957 
2. 013, 997 

1. 812. 960 
3. 934. 736 

2. 793. 620 
1.141.116 
6. 731. 372 

870. 025 

786. 561 

485, 297 

2, 999. 989 

571. 154 

767. 142 

251. 204 

2. 056. 715 

1.551.841 

604. 874 

2. 699. 300 

1. 699, 428 

999, 872 

8, 413, 740 
666. 754 
469, 950 

2. 077. 2S4 

1. 271. ,599 
799, 012 
760, 220 

2. 488. 921 



22, 537, 832 

3. 940. 781 

2, 185. 736 

132. 682 

131.248 

519. 593 

971. .522 

2,110.766 

967. 914 

1.142.8,52 

1. 249. 164 

602.111 

747, 063 

801. 813 

363. 621 

157. 190 

200, 719 

80,283 

1,106,215 

1, 888. 952 

700. 501 

206, 983 

656. 301 

425. 167 

373. 464 

61.188 

312. 276 

674. 973 

607. 699 

46, 551 

20. 723 

1, 628. 706 

1,055.387 

n. a. 

n. a. 

788. 024 

300, 377 

150.962 
336. 695 
971.975 
592. 000 
379. 975 
804. 392 
487, 610 
316. 782 
1, 440, 371 
136. 822 
96. 556 
59. 395 
640. 936 
172.865 
268. 726 
65. 082 
616,976 
304. 440 
211. 635 
656. 000 
334. 136 
321, 864 
2. 630. 874 
124.479 
168. 572 
512, 8,35 
333, 844 
234. 054 
196. 734 
1,060.356 



29, 205, 174 

6, 386. 861 

2, 938. 579 

260, 008 

205. .331 

689. 977 

1.302.966 

3.061,210 

1, 395. 868 

1, 665, 382 
(>) 

(') 
(') 

947, 962 
407. 192 
127. 768 
283. 476 
129, 528 
858, 329 

2, 817, 742 
1, 104, 149 

569, 632 
928, 629 
216, 432 
494, 777 

126, 846 
367, 931 
704. 388 
606, 936 

66, 692 
30. 860 

3, 697. 456 
1,383.067 

n. a. 

n. a. 
846. 689 
367, 901 

83. 117 

395, 671 

1. 212. 738 

714. 528 

498, 210 

1. 283. 891 

772. 446 

511.445 

1, 268. 760 

116. 383 

56. 171 

58. 351 
685, 719 
136. 188 
166. 402 

50. 546 
672. 681 
278. 023 
394, 658 
474. 4.53 
207. 759 
266. 694 
4, 094. 250 

90. 239 

127. 546 
679, 103 
689. 695 
355, 086 
723, 968 

1, 528, 613 



253,9 



188.2 


110.8 


166,3 


97.3 


184,2 


60.8 


799,9 


9L7 


284,8 


189.8 


186,9 


113.9 


255,4 


145. 


342, 


206.6 


181,9 


93.5 


225,8 


(') 


208,8 


(') 


237,2 


(') 


184.6 


140.8 


133.4 


108.5 


231.7 


308.1 


243.8 


143.4 


176.3 


71.3 


128,7 


194.7 


203,2 


103.3 


122,5 


41.2 


120.9 


—19.7 


250.1 


109.7 


314.9 


718.9 


252.1 


165.8 


620.6 


199.4 


199.6 


154.2 


230.8 


170.0 


232,6 


178.2 


288,5 


171.6 


56.0 


4.8 


323.9 


86.7 


287.7 


195.8 


n, a. 


n. a. 


n. a. 


n. a. 


461.5 


422.6 


406.6 


313.7 


472.8 


940.3 


605.3 


415.1 


293.7 


215.6 


240.2 


181.9 


377.1 


263.9 


389.2 


206.6 


472.9 


261.6 


260.2 


123.1 


367.3 


430.5 


536,9 


647.6 


714,6 


1. 300. 3 


717,1 


731.7 


368.1 


337.5 


230,4 


322.5 


185,5 


361.0 


286.0 


397.0 


298.6 


206.8 


409.7 


458.2 


138.7 


28.0 


311.5 


468.9 


408.6 


718.0 


210.6 


274.9 


219.8 


105.5 


355.3 


528.0 


172 8 


260.6 


305.0 


205.9 


280.9 


115.6 


241.4 


125.0 


281.3 


3.6 


134.7 


62.8 



n. a. Not available or not applicable. 

1 Prohibition era. 

(— ) Denotes decrease. 

Service wholesalers, as described above, and manu- 
facturers' sales branches were selected for statistical 
study in chapter 2 because of their importance, their 
similarity of operation, and because they are found in 
most kinds of business into which Wholesale Trade is 
classified. Both type groups customarily warehouse 
merchandise for sale, make deliveries from stock, grant 
credit, and generally sell tlu-ough salesmen. Manufac- 
turers' sales branches (with stocks) differ from service 
wholesalers, however, in that the latter buy and sell 
merchandise on their own account while the former arc 
primarily engaged in selling products of their owners' 
factories. 

Chapter 2 includes six tables. Tables 2A and 2B 
classify service wholesalers and manufacturers' sales 



branches (with stocks) by 1948 sales size. Tables 2C, 
2D, and 2E analyze operating expenses of the two type 
groups, whOe 2F show^s the count of service wholesalers 
by sales size and operating expense ratios. 

Sales size. — Of the 138,439 service wholesale estab- 
lishments in the United States in 1948 only 1,734 (or 
slightly more than 1 percent) reported sales for the year 
of $5 million or more. Sharply contrasted with this 
relatively small number of establishments in the upper- 
most sales-size bracket were 29,389 establishments (22 
percent) in the less-than-$50,000 bracket. The less- 
than-$50,000 bracket actually represented $5,000- 
$49,999, as establishments reporting sales of less than 
$5,000 for the year were omitted from all Wholesale 
Trade tabulations. Although the 1,734 houses in the 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



15 



upper bracket represented less than 2 percent of the 
estabhshments, they contributed 26 percent of the sales 
of all service wholesalers. On the other extreme, the 
under-$50,000 establishments as a group accounted for 
only 1 percent of sales. The number of establishments 
increased consistently with a decrease in sales-size 
bracket. Despite this mcrease in number of establish- 
ments, however, total sales decreased by sales bracket. 

Operating expenses which includes payroll but not 
cost of merchandise sold nor any allowances for active 
proprietor-owners of unincorporated businesses, when 
expressed as a percent of sales, increased consistently 
with the decrease in sales size. For service wholesalers 
as a group, the range was from a low of 7.4 percent of 
sales in the $5-million-and-over bracket to a high of 24.3 
percent in the under-$50,000 group. 

Manufacturers' sales branches (with stocks) reported 
larger annual sales per establishment, on the average, 
than did service wholesalers as indicated by the fact that 
1,266, or 8.1 percent, of the 15,716 branches were in the 
$5-million-and-over group, while only 1,400, 8.9 percent, 
were in the under-$50,000 bracket. In contrast to 
service wholesalers, the number of manufacturei's' sales 
branches varied little by sales size. However, there was 
a high degree of concentration of sales in the upper brack- 
ets; 60 percent of total sales were in the largest sales 
bracket, 20 percent in the second bracket, and 10 percent 
in the third bracket. In total the 5,056 sales branches 
each with sales of a million dollars or more in 1948, 
accounted for approximately 90 percent of the sales of all 
manufacturers' sales branches for that year. Like 
service wholesalers, operating expenses of sales branches, 
when expressed as a percent of sales, increased from 
larger to smaller sales-size bracket. 

Data similar to the above are presented for service 
wholesalers and for manufacturers' sales branches {with 
stocks) in summary for the United States by kind of 
business in table 2A, and for service wholesalers, kinds of 
business by geographic divisions and standard metro- 
politan areas with 1,000,000 inhabitants or more in table 
2B. The number of size brackets or areas for which data 
are presented separately varies with the kind of business 
according to the number of establishments involved, the 



objective being to present as much significant informa- 
tion as possible without disclosing information for any 
individual concern. 

Operating expenses. — In tables 2C, 2D, and 2E of this 
volume, the operating expenses of service wholesalers 
(as defined above) and manufacturers' sales branches 
(with stocks) are divided into the following functional 
classifications: Administrative expenses; selling expenses; 
shipping, delivery expenses; warehousing expenses; 
occupancy expenses; and other expenses. All service 
wholesalers and manufacturers' sales branches (with 
stocks) with total sales for the year 1948 exceeding 
$200,000 were asked to report their expenses on this 
basis. Where expense records were not kept in a manner 
readily permitting this grouping of accounts, respondents 
were requested to make adjustments on the basis of their 
best judgment. A description of the expense terms is 
given in appendix F of this volume. 

Data are presented for the two type groups in summary 
for the United States in tables 2C and 2E by kind of liusi- 
ness. Within sales-size groups of service wholesalers, 
table 2C, information is shown for incorporated, or 
"corporate" businesses separate from unincorporated or 
"noncorporate" businesses. The latter consists pri- 
marily of sole proprietorsiiips and partnerships. Detail 
by sales size and corporate versus noncorporate structure 
varies by kind of business depending upon the number of 
establishments. Expense data are presented in table 
2D for service wholesalers by kind of business in standard 
metropolitan areas of 1,000,000 inhabitants or more. 

Tables 2C, 2D, and 2E, are limited to service whole- 
salers and manufacturers' sales branches (with stocks) 
whose sales for the year 1948 amounted to $200,000 or 
more. , 

As not all service wholesalers and manufacturers' 
branches with sales of $200,000 or more submitted com- 
plete expense analyses, the number of establishments 
for which data are shown for a classification may be 
somewhat less than the total number in the classification 
with sales above the cutoff. The tables provide a meas- 
ure of coverage for each classification by showing the 
number of establishments, sales, and expense ratios 
(expenses as a percent of sales) for all establishments 



Table E.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS 


AND 


MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES (WITH STOCKS) 




Service wholesalers 


Manufacturers' sales branches (with stocks) 


Sales-size group 


Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
(number) 


Sales, entire year 


Oper- 
ating 
expenses, 
percent 
of sales 


Pay roll, entire year 


Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
(number) 


Sales, entire year 


Oper- 
ating 
expenses, 
percent 
of sales 


Pay roU, entire year 




Amount 
($1,000) 


Percent 
of total 


Amount 
($1,000) 


Percent 
of sales 


Amount 
($1,000) 


Percent 
of total 


Amount 
($1,000) 


Percent 
of sales 


United States, total 


138,439 

1,734 
4.920 
8.929 
15, 082 
15,347 
14, 181 
26,643 
22, 214 
29,389 


71, 954, 691 

18, 663, 265 
11.643,176 
12, 534. 209 
10, 544. 024 
5, 923, 909 
3,471,338 
3, 827. 613 
1,611,611 
735. 546 


100.0 

26.1 
20.4 
17.4 
14.6 
8.2 
4.8 
5.3 
2.2 
1.0 


12.2 

7.4 
10.8 
12.3 
14.3 
16.1 
17.2 
18,8 
20.4 
24.3 


4, 853, 438 

783.924 
918.283 
885.268 
840. 884 
518.910 
316. 067 
362. 308 
153. 992 
73, 812 


6.7 

4.2 
6.3 
7.1 
8.0 
8.8 
9.1 
9.5 
9.6 
10.0 


15, 716 

1,266 
1,845 
1,945 
2,305 
1,801 
1,448 
2,267 
1,439 
1,400 


29, 229, 717 

17, 367, 547 

5.910.323 

2, 785, 237 

1, 635, 083 

701.512 

355, 764 

331,090 

104. 981 

38, 180 


100.0 

69.5 
20.2 
9.5 
5.6 
2.4 
1.2 
1.1 
0.4 
0.1 


10.0 

7.5 
9.8 
13.4 
18.0 
21.4 
24.3 
25.8 
29.5 
36.4 


1, 501, 413 

610, 302 

304, 229 

204, 293 

170, 400 

86, 809 

50, 250 

48, 457 

18, 332 


5.1 


194S sales: 


3.5 


$2.000.000-$4,999.999 _ 

$1,000,000-$I,999,999 


6.1 
7.3 


$500.000-$999,999 _ _ 

$.3O0,0OO-$499,999 

f200,000-$299,999 

$100,000-$199.999 

$50 000-$99 999 


10.4 
12.4 
14.1 
14.6 
17.5 


Under $50,000 


8,341 


21.8 







16 



WHOLESALE TRADE 




CHART 3.— SERVICE WHOLESALERS: 1948 

NUMBER OF ESTABLISHMENTS, SALES, AHD PERSONNEL, BY SALES SIZE GROUP 






\-^. 



^o \ 



\ 



\\ \ X 



\ -> 



^^\ ^ 



^'j' \ \ \ 
\ \ 



\ 




NUMBER OF EST46LISHMENTS 







29.i1, i:i:i:j:::i:i 




^P 


6.W '^yyyyy// 




^ 


'mm. 




saXXX^ I6.5;t 5ooo8c 




^ 


^8 






^^« 




^m| 




sh 



SALES 



PERSONNEL 



RATIO OF OPERATING EXPENSES TO SALES, BY SELECTED KINDS OF BUSINESS 




1.000 



1,500 



2,000 2,600 3,000 

SALES IN THOUSAND DOLURS 



3,500 



<i,000 



i», 600 5,000 



in 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



17 



above the cutoff as well as information for those reporting 
the expense detail. 

Operating expenses in the meat trade.— An expense 
analysis carries significance when considered in connec- 
tion with a given kind of business. Meat wholesaling 
has been selected for consideration here although similar 
analyses could be prepared for other kinds of business. 
Data reviewed here appear on pages 2.80 and 2.111 of 
this volume. 

Of the 2,059 meat (service) wholesalers in the United 
States with sales of $200,000 or more during the census 
year, 1,476 analyzed their expenses according to the six 
functional groups. Sales of these 1,476 wholesalers 
analyzing their expenses totaled $1,534,927,000 and their 
operating expenses amounted to 7.2 percent of sales for 
the year. Stated differently, it cost this group of meat 
wholesalers $72 to market a representative bill of goods 
amounting to $1,000. The $72 was divided as follows: 
$21 for administrative expenses; $16 for selling expenses; 
$13 for shipping expenses; $7 for warehouse expenses; 
$12 for occupancy expenses (or $19 for warehouse and 
occupancy combined) ; and $3 for other expenses. Whole- 
salers in the larger sales brackets — those with sales of 
$5,000,000 or more — as a group recorded a somewhat 
smaller cost, $47, to market a $1,000 bill of goods. 
Smaller ratios are noted in the upper brackets under aU 
expense items except "Other." 



As was found to be true in general in the review of table 
2A, smaller establishments in the meat trade recorded 
higher operating expense ratios than larger ones. Par- 
ticularly was this true with respect to administrative, 
sellinEr. shipping, and occupancy costs. 

Within sales-size brackets, "noncorporate" businesses 
generally show lower total operating expense ratios than 
the incorporated businesses. Lower ratios are noted for 
"noncorporate" particularly under administrative ex- 
penses. This difference may be attributed, in part at 
least, to the fact that operating expenses as presented in 
census findings include no allowances for withdrawals by 
active proprietors and partners, the number of whom is 
shown in the last column of tables 2C, 2D, and 2E. 

Meat packers' sales branches. — Of the 731 meat 
packers' sales branches with sales of $200,000 or more, 
692 analyzed their expenses. Total expenses of those 
analyzed amounted to 4.1 percent of sales compared with 
4.2 percent for all branches with sales above the cut-off. 
Expenses-as-a-percent-of-sales for packer branches were 
lower than those reported for service wholesalers. This 
may be explained in part by the fact that the buying 
function is subordinated or nonexistent for branches. 
This is reflected in the difference in administrative 
expenses as between the two types: 2.1 percent for 
service wholesalers compared with 0.8 percent for 
packers' sales branches. 



CHART 4.— ANALYSIS OF EXPENSES OF MEAT SERVICE WHOLESALERS AND 

PACKING HOUSE BRANCHES: 1948 

EXPENSES AS PERCENTAGE OF SALES 

(LIMITED TO MEAT SEBVCCE WHOLESALERS AND PACKING HOUSE BRANCHES WITH TOTAL SALES OF 1200.000 OR MORE AND REPORTING AN ANALYSIS OF EXPENSES) 



PERCEUT 





HEAT SERVICE 
MH0LES4LERS 






6.0 




7.2* «^ 




PACKING 

HOUSE 

BRANCHES 


•I.U 

2.0 




— 


n.i;i 


- 



TOTAL EXPENSES 



2.5 



2.0 



1.0 



0.5 



o.a% 



ADMINIS- 
TRATIVE 



BTS 



I.3J 



7?77m. 



ESTABLISHMENTS REPORTING ANALYSIS 


TYPE OF OPERATION 


ESTAB- 
LISHMENTS 


SALES 


MEAT SERVICE WHOLESALERS 
PACKING HOUSES BRANCHES 


1.1176 
692 


51.5311.927,000 
2.616.029.000 



PERCEUT 
2.5 



2.0 





0.3JI 



SELLING 



SHIPPING, 
DELIVERY 



WAREHOUSE 



OCCUPANCY 



OTHER 



1.0 



0.5 



18 



WHOLESALE TRADE 



Sales size and expense ratios. — Although larger estab- 
lishments generally have lower operating expense ratios 
than small ones, the correlation is by no means perfect. 
Table 2F of this volume shows for service wholesalers the 
number of establishments for each kind of business by 
1948 sales-size brackets and operating-exponse-ratios 
brackets. The portion of the table relating to Meat, 
Meat Products Wholesalers is reproduced in table F, below. 

Of the 3,336 meat (service) wholesalers in the United 
States in 1948, 919, or almost 30 percent, recorded expense 
ratios of less than 5 percent. On the other extreme, 188 
recorded expenses of 20 percent or more with the number 
of establishments decreasing rather consistently from 
lower- to upper-expense-ratio brackets. Not only does 
the largest number of establishments for each sales-size 
bracket appear in the lowest expense ratio bracket but 
the greatest "low-expense" concentration appears in the 
largest sales bracket — with two-thirds of the 36 meat 
wholesalers with sales of $5,000,000 or more reporting 
expense-to-sales ratios of less than 5 percent. The fact 
that expense ratios vary widely within sales-size brackets 
reflects the many functions influencing operating ex- 
penses other than size, among which are: amount and 
type of services rendered; geographic location with re- 
spect to supplier and customer ; type of customer served ; 
amount of processing, if any; and class of merchandise 
handled. 

Credit Sales, Receivables, Bad Debt Losses 

Report forms used in the 1948 Census of Busmess pro- 
vided for reporting of credit sales, beginning- and end- 
of-year receivables, end-of-year number of credit ac- 
counts, and bad debt losses during 1948 by merchant 
wholesalers and manufacturers' sales branches. Credit 
terms are described in appendix F of this volume. Re- 
sults of these inquiries are presented in table 3A in 
summary for the United States for merchant wholesalers 
and for manufacturers' sales branches (with stocks) by 
kind of business; and in table 3B for standard metro- 
politan areas with 500,000 inhabitants or more for mer- 
chant wholesalers by kind of business. Table 3C cross- 
tabulates credit information of merchant wholesalers by 
sales size and number of credit accounts. This table is 
limited to a summary for the United States. 

Tables 3A and 3B include, for their respective areas, 



all merchant wholesalers and manufacturers' sales 
branches (with stocks) indicating that they did any 
credit business during 1948. Establishments selling on 
a cash basis only are not included. The importance of 
those making credit sales compared with totals including 
those doing a cash business only may be measured for 
the United States as a whole by comparing totals in 
table 3A with those in table lE of this volume, and may 
be measured for standard metropolitan areas having 
500,000 inhabitants or more by comparing table 3B of 
this volume with the respective areas in table 102, in 
Volume V, Census of Business: 1948. Generallj^', estab- 
lishments doing no credit business have considerably 
smaller annual dollar sales volume than those extending 
credit. 

Not all establishments selling on credit submitted 
complete information on this inquiry. The findings are 
expressed in terms of ratios or relationships that are 
based on those supplying credit mformation. Extent of 
coverage of this inquiry is indicated by the fact that total 
sales of those submitting complete returns averaged 
approximately 90 percent of sales of all establishments 
doing a credit business, and that with few exceptions 
credit data are not shown separately for classifications 
with credit-sales coverage of less than 70 percent. 

Credit sales. — Of the 146,518 merchant wholesalers 
in the country, 122,289 reported that at least a portion 
of their 1948 sales were on credit. Total sales of the 
122,289 establishments amounted to $73.7 biflion, 85.5 
percent of which was on credit. Similarly, 15,301 of the 
15,716 manufacturers' sales branches reported that they 
sold on credit. Total sales of the 15,301 branches 
amounted to $29.1 billion, 84.5 percent of which was on 
credit. 

Credit sales as a percent of total sales of those extend- 
ing credit varied considerably for merchant wholesalers 
by kind of business, but with few exceptions, notably 
cash-carry grocery wholesalers making some "time" 
sales, beer-ale wholesalers, and automobile and other 
motor vehicle wholesalers, credit represented more than 
one-half of their business. Approximately one-half of 
the kinds of business show credit sales, as defined above, 
accounting for 90 percent or more of their total business. 
Manufacturers' sales branches reported an even larger 
proportion of credit sales for most kinds of business than 
did merchant wholesalers. 



Table F.— MEAT, MEAT PRODUCTS- 



-NUMBER OF SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY SALES SIZE AND OPERATING 
EXPENSE RATIOS 





EstabHsh- 

ments, total 

(number) 


Number of establishments with 1948 sales of— 


Operating expenses as a percent of sales: 1948 


Under 
$200,000 


$200,000- 
$499,999 


$500. 000- 
$999, 999 


$1, 000. 000- 
$4, 999, 999 


$5, 000, 000 
and over 


United States, total 


3,336 

188 
111 
225 
369 
461 
500 
663 
019 


1,268 

142 

54 

no 

141 
187 
167 
172 
295 


1,026 

26 
42 

62 
114 
148 
159 
188 
286 


548 

10 
11 
26 
70 
69 
100 
117 
145 


459 

10 
4 

26 
44 
55 
71 
80 
169 




.16 


20 percent or more 




17-19.9 percent __ _ 




14-16.9 percent 




1 


11-13.9 percent _.. _ 




9-10.9 percent 




? 


7-8.9 percent _._ __ 


a 


5-6.9 percent 


A 


l«ss than 6 percent 


?4 







SUIvTMARY OF FINDINGS 



19 



CHART 5.— MERCHANT WHOLESALERS— BAD DEBT LOSSES AS PERCENTAGE OF CREDIT SALES: 1948 



COHKERCIIL HACHIKES, E^IPHEKT DISTeiBllTORS 

PlIKTS, VARNISHES KHOLESAIEIIS 

AUTOMOTIVE EgulPHEMT, TIRES MO TUBES WHOLESALERS 

AUTOHOSILE. MOTOR VEHICLE OlSTRieUTORS 

NALLPAPES NHOLESALERS 

SEDVICE ESTASLISHMEHT SUPPLIES DISTRIBUTORS 

■IRINO SUPPLIES. COHSTRUCTIO" MATERIALS, AfPARATUS ANO 
EQUIPMEHI WHOLESALERS 

PUIMBIHO, HEATIHO EQUIPHEHT, SUPPLIES DISTRIBUTORS 
OTHER COHSTRUCTIOK MATERIALS DISTRIBUTORS 
COBSTRUCTIOH MACHIWERY, EQUIPMEHT DEALERS 
AMUSEMENT, SPORTING OOOOS WHOLESALERS 
FURNITURE (HOUSEHOLD, OFFICE) WHOLESALERS 

INDUSTRIAL MACHINERV, EQUIPHEHT, SUPPLIES DISTPIBUTORS 

TRANSPORTATION iaC. 
OlSTRIEUTOeS 

JEWELRT WHOLESALERS 

FISH, SEA FOOD KHOLESAURS 

ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES, SPECIALTIES WHOLESALERS 

STATIONERY, OFFICE SUPPLIES WHOLESALERS 

FAnt-DAmr hachinert, equipment distributors 

CONFECTIONERV WHOLESALERS 

BEEI!, ALE DISTRIBUTORS 

CLOTHING, FURNISHINGS, FOOTWEAR WHOLESALERS 

LUMBER, HILLWORN WHOLESALERS 

IRON, STEEL ANO PRODUCTS DISTRIBUTORS 

HOME FURNISHINGS, FLOOR COVERINGS WHOLESALERS 

WRAPPING PAPER, TWINE MERCHANTS 

PROFESSIONAL E?UIPHE»T, SUPPLIES DISTRIBUTORS 

FRUITS, VEGETABLES (FRESH) NHOLESALERS 

HAEDWARE WHOLESALERS 

HEATS, MEAT PRODUCTS WHOLESALERS 

INDUSTRIAL CHEMICAL OISTRIBITTORS 

DRY GOODS SPECIALTIES, PIECE GOODS, NOTIONS WHOLESALERS 

MISCELLANEOUS PAPER PRODUCTS WHOLESALERS 

OTHER GROCERY, FOOD SPECIALTIES WHOLESALERS 
DAIRY, POULTRY PRODUCTS DISTRIBUTORS 

BOOKS, PERIODICALS, NEWSPAPER WHOLESALERS 

FARM SUPPLIES WHOLESALERS 

DRUGS, DRUG SUNDRIES (SPECIALTY LINES) WHOLESALERS 

FINE PAPER MERCHANTS 

MERCHANT WHOLESALERS, MISCELLANEOUS PRODUCTS 

WINES, DISTILLED SPIRITS WHOLESALERS 

NOKFERRDUS METALS, METAL WORK DISTRIBUTORS 

GROCERY (GENERAL LINE) WHOLESALERS 

TOBACCO DISTRIBUTORS 

DRY GOODS (GENERAL LINE) WHOLESAIEHS 

ELECTRICAL HERCHAKOISE (OEWERAL LINE) WHOLESALERS 

WASTE MATERIALS DEAtESS 

PETHOLEUH AHD PRODUCTS, WHOLESALERS 

PIECE GOODS CONVERTERS 

DRUGS (GENERAL LINE) WHOLESALERS 
IRON, STEEL SCRAP DEALERS 

COAL, COKE WHOLESALERS 



-i- 



"^"%l 



•■ . i 



20 



WHOLESALE TRADE 



Receivables. — Accounts and notes receivable resulting 
from the sale of merchandise, and held by merchant 
vi^holesalers at the end of 1948, amounted to 8.4 percent 
of credit sales during the year. This would indicate 
receivables turnover at the rate of approximately once a 
month. End-of-year receivables of manufacturers' sales 
branches represented 9 percent of their credit sales during 
1948, a slightly higher ratio than for merchant whole- 
salers. As might be expected end-of-year receivable 
ratios varied considerably by kind of business ranging, 
for merchant wholesalers, from a low of 3.2 percent for 
retailer-cooperative grocery wholesalers to a high of 19.3 
percent for general-line jewelry wholesalers. Variations 
by kmd of business were greater for manufacturers' 
sales branches than for merchant wholesalers, ranging 
from a low of 3.1 percent for meat packer sales branches 
to a high of 40 percent for sales branches of laundry, dry 
cleaning equipment manufacturers. 

Receivables of both merchant wholesalers and manu- 
facturers' sales branches were higher at the end than at 
the beginning of the year 1948. They were up 6.5 per- 
cent in the case of merchant wholesalers and 3.4 percent 
for sales branches. 

Bad debt losses. — Bad debt losses (receivables written 
off during 1948 as uncollectible) represented 0.14 percent 
of credit sales for merchant wholesalers and 0.04 percent 
for manufacturers' sales branches. The loss ratio for 
merchant wholesalers varied considerably by kind of 
business or trade, ranging from a low of 0.01 percent for 
railroad equipment and supplies distributors to a high of 
0.61 percent for store machines, fixtures distributors. 
Losses of manufacturers' sales branches ranged from a 
low of less than 0.01 percent for a number of kinds of 
business to a high of slightly more than 1 percent for 
books, periodicals, and newspapers. 

Number of credit accounts. — Merchant wholesalers 
doing a credit business averaged 300 credit accounts per 
establishm_ent compared with 592 credit accounts per 
manufacturers' sales branch. Average 1948 credit sales 
per credit account amounted to $1,873 for merchant 
wholesalers and $2,842 for manufacturers' sales branches. 
Considerable variation may be noted by land of business 
in table 3A, both in number of credit accounts and in 
average 1948 credit sales per account. 

As indicated above, credit data for merchant whole- 
salers are cross tabulated in table 3C by sales size and 
by number of credit accounts. For each size group the 
number of establishments, bad debt loss ratios (losses 
expressed as a percent of credit sales), average annual 
credit sales per account, and average number of credit 
accounts are presented by kmd of business for the 
United States as a whole. 

Information in this table may be summarized as 
follows: Bad debt loss ratios tend to bear an inverse 
relationship to size as measured by annual credit sales 
volume. Larger establishments in general tend to have 
lower bad debt loss ratios than smaller ones. For exam- 
ple, the loss ratios decreased from 0.36 percent for mer- 



chant wholesalers with credit sales of less than $200,000 
per year to 0.26 percent for those in the $200,000- 
$499,999 bracket, to 0.19 percent for those in the 
$500,000-$999,999 bracket, and to 0.09 percent for those 
in the $l,000,000-and-over bracket. Within credit-sales- 
size brackets the pattern of bad debt losses varies con- 
siderably by size as measured in terms of number of 
credit accounts with some tendency toward a decline in 
losses for establishments with the smaller number of 
accounts. 

Sales by Class of Customer 

Each of the five report forms used in enumerating 
wholesale establishments (see reproductions in appendix 
G of this volume) provided for reporting 1948 sales by 
class of customer. Four of the five forms provided for 
reporting separately: sales to retailers; sales to indus- 
trial, institutional, professional, and other similar type 
of end users; sales to wholesale organizations; sales to 
household consumers and individual users (retail sales) ; 
and export sales. These five classifications were designed 
to encompass all sales. Form 32, the one used in enu- 
merating petroleum bulk stations and terminals, provided 
for only a two-way break: sales to resellers and sales to 
consumers or users. Terms used in this inquiry are 
described more full}^ in appendix F. 

Findings of these inquiries are presented in tables 4A 
and 4B of this volume. Table 4A is a summary for the 
United States by type of operation and kind of business. 
Table 5B presents class-of-customer information for 
each of the 32 standard metropolitan areas with 500,000 
inhabitants or more. Table G, below, presents a com- 
parative summary, by type of operation, of sales by class 
of customer, 1948, 1939, and 1935. Similar information 
was not developed in the first Business Census covering 
the year 1929. 

Class-of-customer information was generally available 
from book records, or on the basis of reliable estimates. 
Records of assistance in supplying this information 
included among others: sales by functional discounts; 
State sales tax reports, particularly in States with differ- 
ential functional ratios; export declarations; and farm 
accounts. The extent to which establishments supplied 
this information for any particular classification is 
indicated in the tables by a comparison between the 
entry in the column "All establishments — sales, entire 
year" and the corresponding entry "Establishments 
analyzing sales . . . sales, entire year." For most 
classifications the analj'sis is 90 percent or more complete. 

Of the total $79.8 billion sales of merchant whole- 
salers, $75.8 billion, or 95.1 percent, was analyzed by 
class of customer. The $75.8 billion was distributed as 
follows: 46.9 percent, or less than one-half, to retailers; 
31.8 percent, or slightly less than one-third, to industrial 
and similar end users; 13.7 percent to wholesale organi- 
zations, presimiably duplicated elsewhere in Wholesale 
Trade; 1.6 percent to home or individual users (retail 
sales); while 6.0 percent represented exports. Histori- 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



21 



CHART 6.— MERCHANT WHOLESALERS— END-OF -YEAR RECEIVABLES AS A 

PERCENT OF CREDIT SALES: 1948 



JEWELRY WHOLESALERS 

COMMERCIAL MACHINES, EQUIPMENT DISTRIBUTORS 

PROFESSIONAL EQUIPMENT, SUPPLIES DISTRIBUTORS 

ELECTRICAL MERCHANDISE (GENERAL LINE) 
WHOLESALERS 

WALLPAPER WHOLESALERS 

CONSTRUCTION MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT DEALERS 

STATIONERY, OFFICE SUPPLIES WHOLESALERS 

INDUSTRIAL MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT, SUPPLIES 
DISTRIBUTORS 

TRANSPORTATION EQUIPMENT SUPPLIES DISTRIBUTORS 

SERVICE ESTABLISHMENT SUPPLIES DISTRIBUTORS 

AUTOMOTIVE EQUIPMENT TIRES AND TUBES 
WHOLESALERS 

PAINTS, VARNISHES WHOLESALERS 

WIRING SUPPLIES, CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS, 
APPARATUS AND EQUIPMENT WHOLESALERS 

CLOTHING, FURNISHINGS, FOOTWEAR 
WHOLESALERS 

AMUSEMENT, SPORTING GOODS WHOLESALERS 

PLUMBING, HEATING EQUIPMENT, SUPPLIES 
DISTRIBUTORS 

DRY GOODS (GENERAL LINE) WHOLESALERS 

FINE PAPER MERCHANTS 

WINES, DISTILLED SPIRITS WHOLESALERS 

HOME FURNISHINGS, FLOOR COVERINGS 
WHOLESALERS 



FURNITURE (HOUSEHOLD, OFFICE) WHOLESALERS 

DRY GOODS SPECIALTIES, PIECE GOODS, 
NOTIONS WHOLESALERS 

IRON, STEELAND PRODUCTS DISTRIBUTORS 



AUTOMOBILE, MOTOR VEHICLE DISTRIBUTORS 

DRUGS, DRUG SUNDRIES (SPECIALTY LINES) 
WHOLESALERS 

ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES, SPECIALTIES WHOLESALERS 

HARDWARE WHOLESALERS 

WRAPPING PAPER, TWINE MERCHANTS 

BOOKS, PERIODICALS, NEWSPAPER WHOLESALERS 

DRUG (GENERAL LINE) WHOLESALERS 

COAL, COKE WHOLESALERS 

LUMBER, MILLWORK WHOLESALERS 

INDUSTRIAL CHEMICAL DISTRIBUTORS 

FARM-DAIRY MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT DISTRIBUTORS 

BEER, ALE DISTRIBUTORS 

CONFECTIONERY WHOLESALERS 

FARM SUPPLIES WHOLESALERS 

DAIRY, POULTRY PRODUCTS DISTRIBUTORS 

TOBACCO DISTRIBUTORS 

GROCERY (GENERAL LINE) WHOLESALERS 

MEAT, MEAT PRODUCTS WHOLESALERS 

FRUIT, VEGETABLES (FRESH) WHOLESALERS 




22 



WHOLESALE TRADE 



cally the portion of sales to retailers declined from 59.2 
percent in 1935 to 59.0 in 1939 and to 46.9 percent in 
1948. Relative increases are noted historically in other 
customer classes, except the household consumers classi- 
fication. Sales to industrial, commercial, and institu- 
tional users increased from 23.7 percent of the total in 
1939 to 31.8 percent in 1948. 

Manufacturers' sales branches and offices recorded 
relatively little change in sales by class of customer, 
postwar 1948 compared with prewar 1939; but, like mer- 
chant wholesalers, sales to retailers showed a relative 
decline since 1935, offset by increases for all other 
customer classes. Appro.ximatcly one-third of their 
1948 sales was to retailers, two-fifths to industrial and 
simUar end users, and one-fourth to wholesale organiza- 
tions. 

Petroleum bulk stations and terminals reported that 
five-eighths of their 1948 sales were to resellers and three- 
eighths to users. The portion going to users increased 
substantially 1948 over 1935. 

As expected, agents and brokers sell primarily to, or 
buy for, industrial users and wholesale organizations. 
Only about one-sixth of their transactions in 1948 were 
with retailers, and minor portions with home consumers 



and f»r export. Sales to, or purchases for, industrial 
users recorded relative gains 1948 over 1935, offset by 
declines in sales to retailers and sales to wholesale 
organizations. 

Wholesale organizations constituted the principal 
customer of assemblers of farm products, taking 51.8 
percent of their 1948 sales. Industrial users were second 
with 32.6 percent of their sales, followed by other cus- 
tomer classes with lesser portions. Sales to industrial 
users recorded relative increases historically, offset by a 
decline in sales to retailers. 

Findings in table G, below, may be summarized 
briefly as follows: Retailers constituted the most im- 
portant class of customer for only two of the five major 
type-of-operation groups — merchant wholesalers and 
petroleum bulk stations, terminals. Each of the five 
major type groups recorded relative decreases in sales to 
retailers historically. As customers of wholesale estab- 
lishments, the importance of industrial and similar end 
users is increasing. For most classifications, retail sales 
of wholesale establishments are relatively unimportant. 
"Export sales" represent but a small portion of the total 
and show a tendency to fluctuate from one census year 
to another. 



Table G.— COMPARATIVE SUMMARY OF SALES BY CLASS OF CUSTOMER: 1948, 1939, AND 1935 





All establishments ' 


Sales analyzed by class of customer 


Type of operation and census year 


Number 


Sales, entire 
year ($1,000) 


Sales, entire 
year i$l,00O) 


Sales (as percent of total sales analyzed) 




To retailers 
(percent) 


To industrial 
users (percent) 


To wholesale 

organizations 

(percent) 


To household 
consumers 
(percent) 


For export 
(percent) 


Merchant wholesalers: 

1948 


146, 618 
100, 981 
88,931 

23,768 
17,926 
15,830 

29,451 
30, 825 
27,333 

24, 361 

« 20, 903 

18, 147 

19, 268 

« 29, 122 

26, 515 


79, 766. 589 
22, aS7. 832 
17,661,691 

52, 738. 677 
14, 253. 609 
11, 006, 088 

' 9, 000. 370 

J 2. 942, 982 

2, 704, 047 

34, 610, 092 

•11,201.035 

8, 908, 076 

10, 957, 893 

e 3, 088, 571 

2,463,011 


75. 838, 020 
20,881,963 
15,905,271 

51, 154, 221 
12, 628, 980 
9,110,062 

> 6, 622, 646 

5 1,903,472 

1,379,520 

28, 691, 265 

»9,,S39,969 

6,697,013 

10, 053, 170 

« 2, 698, 058 

1, 773, 701 


46.9 
69.0 
69.2 

31.3 
31.6 
41.5 

<G4. 1 

' 74.0 

73 3 

16.1 
16.8 
21.0 

9.4 
13.5 
12.7 


31.8 
23.7 
24.9 

42.7 
43.2 
37.8 

• 36.9 

126.0 

9.9 

41.8 
35.8 
34.9 

32.6 
21.3 
29.5 


13.7 
10.9 
10.2 

23.0 
23.1 
19.4 

(<) 
W 

8.4 

36.5 
39.6 
39.4 

51.8 
54.2 
50.0 


1.6 
1.9 
1.9 

0.4 
0.4 
0.3 

w 

(0 

8.0 

0.4 
0.7 
0.1 

5.3 
6.2 
4.1 


6.0 


1939 » 


4.5 


1935 » - 


3.8 


Manufacturers' sales branches and offices, 
combined: 
1948 


2.6 


1939 > — - 


1.7 


1938' — - . 


1.0 


Petroleum bulk stations, terminals: 

1948 


w 


1939 


« 


1935 


0.4 


Agents and brokers: 
1948 


5.2 


1939 


7.2 


1935 


4.6 


Assemblers (mainly farm products): 
J94S 


0.9 


1939 


4.8 


1935 


3.7 







' Including those not analyzing sales by class of customer. 
» 1939 and 1935 data not revised for minor scope changes. 
3 Excluding taxes. 

* Entry under "To retailers" represents sales to all types of resellers. 

i Entry under "To industrial users" represents all sales to users or consumers. 

• Cooperative sales agencies were included with assemblers in 1939 but with agents and brokers in 1948. Their sales totaled $679,000,000 in 1939 and $1,255,000,000 in 1948. 
estabUshments were not separately identified in 1935. 



Tbese 



Legal Form of Organiziation 

Approximately one-half, or 49.9 percent, of the 243,366 
wholesale establishments in the United States in 1948, 
were operated as incorporated businesses, approxi- 
mately one-third were sole proprietorships, one-sLxth 
were partnerships, and a small number were classified as 
"other forms," which include such miscellaneous owner- 
ship types as nonincorporated cooperative associations, 
receiverships, estates, etc. 



Incorporated businesses accounted for 75.7 percent of 
sales of all wholesale establishments, followed in turn by 
12.8 percent for partnerships, 10.7 percent for sole 
proprietorships, and 0.8 percent for "other forms." In 
terms of sales, corporate businesses represented the 
most important legal form for each of the five type-of- 
operation groups, both in prewar 1939 and postwar 1948. 
In 1948 they contributed approximately three-fourths of 
the sales of merchant wholesalers, almost all, 99.5 per- 
cent, of the business of manufacturers' sales branches 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



23 



CHART 7.— WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENTS— DISTRIBUTION OF SALES, BY CLASS 

CUSTOMER: 1948 AND 1939 

(SALES ANALYZED = 100%) 



TOTAL SALES AND 3AT.F.S ANALYZED BY CLASS OF CUSTOMER 


Type of operation 


1948 
(Million dol's) 


1939 
(Million dol's) 


Total 
sales 


Sales 
ana- 
lyzed 


Total 
sales 


Sales 
ana- 
lysed 


Merchant wholesalers 

Manufacturers ' sales 

tranches, offices 

petroleum bulk stations, 

terminals 


79,767 

52,739 

^9,000 
34,610 

10,958 


75,838 

51,154 

^6,523 
28,691 

10,053 


22,538 

14,254 

12,943 
^11,201 

23,089 


20,882 

12,629 

ll,903 
2?, 839 

^2,698 


Agents, brokers 

Assemblers (mainly farm 
products) 


■^ Excluding taxes. 

2 Cooperative sales agencies were Included with assem- 
blers in 1939 but with agents and brokers in 1948. 
Their sales totaled $579 million in 1939 and $1,255 
million in 1948. 



MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES.OFFICES 



1 00* 



TO RETAILERS 



TO INDUSTRIAL USERS 



TO WHOLESALE ORGANIZATIONS 



TO HOUSEHOLD CONSUMERS 



FOR F XP O KT 



IW8 




1939 


3I.3S 




31. ej 










m.7% 




W.2it 










23.CU 




23.1?, 




■ — ^1' — ■ 






(— ?.fi-i— 1 


^ltc; 











AGENTS, BROKERS 

1918 




1939 






TO RETAILERS 


16.1% 




I6.8S 








-, 








lOOH 
















TO INDUSTRIAL USERS 


m.s% 




36.3% 




















39.6^ 


TO WHOLESALE ORGANIZATIONS 


36.5% 






TO HOUSEHOLD COKSUHERS 


=fl.U«^=n 




=0.7-^= 




[m^mr ^ rTn^ 




7.2* 


_ 



MERCHANT WHOLESALERS 



19*3 



1939 



100% 



TO RETAILERS 



46.95^ 



TO INDUSTRIAL USERS 



ai.Bj 



59.0* 



TO ((hOLESALE ORGANIZATIONS 



TO HOUSEHOLD CONSUMERS . 



13. 7>, 



23.7? 



10.9^ 



FOR EXPORT 



= I.6F 



1.9'a 



-* I 6M 1 rxs~ 



PETROLEUM BULK STATIONS, TERMINALS 



I005C 



TO RESELLERS 



1918 




1939 


31.1?, 




71. OS 









TO USERS 



2o,0,v 



ASSEMBLERS (MAINLY FARM PRODUCTS) 



ioo» 





TO RETAILERS 


>l 




TO INDUSTRIAL USERS 










TO WHOLESALE ORGANIZATIONS 




TO HOUSEHOLD CONSUMERS 




FOR EXPORT 



1913 




1939 


3,1 J 




13.5/. 








32.© 








21.3% 










51.2? 




51. 8J 












■S.2* \ 


! s.M 







n-ot 1 1.8% I 



IV 



24 



WHOLESALE TRADE 



and offices, 90 percent for petroleum bulk stations, 
terminals, and about one-half of the sales of agents and 
brokers, and also of assemblers. Their portion of total 
sales remained about the same for each of the type groups 
1948 compared with 1939 except in the case of assemblers, 
where corporations registered an increase from 37.1 
percent to 53.6 percent. 

In terms of number of 1948 establishments, corpora- 
tions also constituted the most important legal form 



for all but one of the five major type groups — agents 
and brokers, where sole proprietorships predominated by 
operating 55.8 percent of the establishments. Sole 
proprietorships operated 48.9 percent of the establish- 
ments classified as assemblers in 1939 but by 1948 were 
outnumbered by corporations. 

Legal form data are presented in table 5 A for the 
United States as a whole by type of operation and kind 
of business, and in summary for each State in table 5B. 



Table H.— COMPARATIVE SUMMARY OF ESTABLISHMENTS AND SALES BY LEGAL FORM OF ORGANIZATION: 1948, 

1939, AND 1929 




Establishments 


Sales 


Type of operation and census year 


Total 
(number) 


Individual 
proprictor- 
sliips. per- 
cent of total 


Partner- 
ships, per- 
cent of 
total 


Corpora- 
tions, per- 
cent of 
total 


other 

forms, 

percent of 

total 


Total, entire 
year ($1,000) 


Individual 
proprietor- 
ships, per- 
cent of total 


Partner- 
ships, per- 
cent of 
total 


Corpora- 
tions, per- 
cent of 
total 


Other 

forms, 

percent of 

total 


Total, nil types: 

1948 


243, 366 
200, 573 
169, 702 

146, 518 
101, 027 

23, 768 

18, 096 

29, 451 

30, 825 

24, 361 
20,903 

19. 268 
29, 122 


31.8 
36.6 
30.9 

36.2 

41.7 

1.6 
0.9 

13.3 
12.4 

86. 8 
60.5 

33.8 
48.9 


17.6 
12.7 
12.7 

21.8 
16.6 

1.4 
1.2 

6.1 
4.8 

21.0 
15.0 

19.0 
12.9 


49.9 
48.6 
62.6 

41.7 
41.4 

96.9 
97.9 

79.7 
80.8 

23.0 
24.3 

42.3 
26.4 


0.7 
2.2 
0.8 

0.3 
0.3 

0.2 

(=) 

0.9 
2.0 

0.2 
0.2 

4.9 
11.8 


188, 688. 801 
55, 265, 640 
69, 291, 648 

79, 766, 689 
23, 641, 924 

52, 738. 577 
13, 526, 202 

10. 615, 650 
3, 807, 908 

34,610,092 
11,201,035 

10, 957, 893 
3, 088, 571 


10.7 
12.6 
10.8 

11.0 
12.9 

0.1 
0.3 

6.1 
5.9 

25.0 
26.7 

19.0 
21.6 


12.8 
10.8 
11.6 

14.6 
12.2 

0.3 
0.4 

3.9 
3.2 

27.9 
23.0 

20.4 
11.1 


76.7 
74 2 
74.2 

73.8 
73.8 

99.6 
99.3 

89.7 
90.0 

46.6 
49.7 

53.6 
37.1 


0.8 


1939 ' - 


2.4 


1929 


3.4 


Mercliant wholesalers: 

1948 - 


0.6 


19,39 ' 


1.1 


Manufacturers' sales branches, offices: 

1948 


0.1 


1939 1 __ 


(') 


Petroleum bulk stations, terminals: 

1948 _ 


0.3 


1939' - 


0.9 


Agents and brokers: 

1948 - - 


0.6 


1939 1 


0.6 


Assemblers (mainly farm products) : 

1948 . 


7.0 


1939 ' 


30.2 







' 1939 data not revised for minor scope changes. 
' Less than 0.05 percent. 

Size, by Number of Employees 

Data for wholesale establishments, classified by size 
based on the number of paid employees during the work- 
week ended nearest November 15, 1948, are presented m 
chapter 6. The chapter includes two tables: Table 6A 
is a summary for the United States, type-of-operation 
groups by kind of business, while table 6B presents a sum- 
mary for each State by employee size. Data for the 
country as a whole are summarized m table I, below. 
Data in this table are limited to "wholesale establish- 
ments" and do not cover "administrative offices, auxil- 
iary units." An explanation of terms is given m appen- 
dix F. 

A total of 2,555 wholesale establishments had 100 or 
more employees as of November 15, 1948. As a group 
these 2,555 establishments accounted for one-fifth of all 
paid personnel at that time and had an annual payroll 
totaling $1.7 billion, or 21.4 percent of the total for all 
wholesale establishments. 

On the other extreme 36,682 establishments had no 
paid employees as of mid-November, 1948. A total of 
42,602 proprietor-owners, however, were actively en- 
gaged in these businesses. Many of these establish- 
ments had paid employees at other times of the year as 
indicated by the fact that while they had no payroll for 
the workweek ended nearest November 15, their total 
payroll for the year 1948 amounted to $25 million. 



Payroll for the workweek ended nearest November 15, 
all employee-size groups combined, averaged over $64 
per paid employee. The weekly average was about the 
same for all employee-size groups except in the lower 
brackets where the number of active proprietoi's, not 
included in paid emploj^ees, is most significant. 

Trucks, Truck'Tractors, Trailers 

Four of the five report forms used in enumerating 
wholesale businesses provided for reportiag number of 
trucks, truck-tractors, and trailers operated in December 
1948. The inquiry did not appear on Form BC-33, used 
in enumerating merchandise brokers and agents; for, as a 
rule, they do not handle the merchandise sold. Pro- 
vision was made for reporting the nftmber of trucks and 
truck-tractors by manufacturers' rated capacity as follows : 
Under IK tons; iKtons; over iK tons, under 5 tons; and 5 
tons and over; also provision was made for reporting the 
number of semitrailers and trailers. Results of this in- 
quiry are presented m chapter 7 which includes three 
tables: Table 7A, United States Summary, type groups 
by kind of business; table 7B, United States Summary by 
geographic divisions and States; and table 7C, each State 
by type of operation and kind of business. The data are 
limited to company-operated (private carrier) vehicles 
owned or leased and do not include contract or common 
carrier vehicles. A summary for the United States by 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 

Table I.— EMPLOYEE SIZE OF WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENTS 



25 



Employe-size group ' 



Establish- 
ments 
(number) 



Sales, entire year 



Amount 
($1,000) 



Percent of 
total 



Payroll, entire year 



Amount 
($1,000) 



Percent of 
total 



Active pro- 
prietors,' 
November 
(number) 



Paid employees and payroll, workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



Paid employees 



Number 



Percent of 
total 



Payroll 



Average per 
employee 



United States, total. 



No paid employees 

1 paid employee 

2 paid employees 

3 paid employees.. 

4 or 5 paid employees 

6 or 7 paid employees _ 

8 or 9 paid employees _ 

10 to 19 paid employees 

20 to 49 paid employees 

60 to 99 paid employees 

100 or more paid employees.. 



243,366 

36,682 
34, 670 
29,489 
23,064 
30,666 
19, 792 
12, 493 
29,309 
19,463 
5,283 
2,565 



188, 688, 801 

4, 630, 719 
6,637,318 
8, 628, 639 

8, 251, 248 
14, 741, 208 
12, 294, 877 

9, 447, 767 
31,482,641 
40, 452, 979 
24. 219, 635 
27, 901, 770 



100.0 

2.4 
3.5 
4.6 
4.4 

7.8 
6.5 
6.0 
16.7 
21.6 
12.8 
14.8 



7, 990. 713 

26,071 

93,629 

171, 163 

211,973 

439, 857 

422, 702 

364, 380 

1, 364, 616 

1, 983, 515 

1, 205, 4C9 

1,708,338 



100.0 

0.3 

1.2 

2.1 

2.6 

6.5 

6.3 

4.6 

17.1 

24.8 

15.1 

21.4 



163, 490 

42.607 
27, 999 
21. 173 
15, 593 
19, 092 
11,379 
6.279 
12,368 
5,806 
979 
255 



2, 382, 789 



100.0 



$153, 223, 967 



$64 



34, 670 
58, 978 
69, 192 
136, 055 
127,476 
105, 304 
395, 578 
677. 668 
359, 396 
618, 573 



1.4 

2.6 
2.9 
6.7 
6.3 
4.4 
16.6 
24.3 
15.1 
21.8 



1. 741, 707 
3, 292, 486 
4, 101, 266 
8, 412, 611 
8, 074, 256 
6, 889, 547 
25, 847, 685 
37, 930, 369 
23, 407, 858 
33, 526, 283 



60 
66 
69 
62 
63 
66 
66 
66 
65 
65 



' Based on total number of employees as of November 15, 1948. 
' Proprietors of unincorporated businesses. 

type of operation and rated capacity is shown in table J, 
below. 

Wholesale organizations, other than agents and brok- 
ers, operated 366, .330 trucks, 26,762 truck-tractors, and 
30,594 semitrailers and trailers, or a total of 423,686 
road-type vehicles as of December 1948. Among the 
trucks, those with manufacturers' rated capacity of iK 
tons were most common, numbering 144,251. Merchant 
wholesalers differ from other types of operation in that 
they use more under-lK-ton trucks than any other size. 
"Over IK tons, under 5 tons" constituted the most 
common type of truck-tractor in total and for each of 
the four type groups. 

Of the 146,518 merchant wholesalers in the country, 
78,910 or 53.9 percent, each reported that they operated 
one or more trucks, truck-tractors, or trailers during 
December 1948. The 78,910 establishments reported a 
total of 237,774 trucks, 14,503 truck-tractors, and 17,003 
trailers and semitrailers, or a total of 269,280 vehicles, 
an average of 3}i per establishment. In the count of 
trucks, dairy and poultry products wholesalers ranked 
first among the kinds of business with 38,684, beer and 
ale distributors ranked second with 20,269, followed in 
turn by fruit and vegetable wholesalers with 17,662, and 
general-line grocery wholesalers with 15,993 trucks. 

Less than one-half of manufacturers' sales branches 



(with stocks)— 6,537 of 15,716— reported a total of 32,350 
vehicles or an average of approximately 5 per sales 
branch. Each of the 29,451 petroleum bulk stations and 
terminals reported one or more trucks, truck-tractors, or 
trailers for a total of 91,271 vehicles — an average of 3 per 
establishment. Among the types of operation, petroleum 
bulk stations and terminals constituted the principal 
user of truck-tractors and trailers, 8,761 of the former 
and 9,066 of the latter having such vehicles. 9,226 of the 
assemblers of farm products reported that they operated 
26,445 vehicles in December, or an average of slightly 
fewer than 3 per establishment. 

Miscellaneous Subjects 

This discussion reviews briefly findings derived from 
chapter 8. The chapter includes nine tables, as listed 
below, each table presenting statistics on a limited phase 
of Wholesale Trade. 

Table No. Subject 

8A City size. 

8B Firm size. 

8C Date acquired, or established. 

8D Detailed types of operation. 

8E Voluntary group grocery wholesalers. 

8F Retailer-cooperative grocery wholesalers. 

8G and 8H. Transactions by agents and brokers. 

8J Kinds of business by States. 



Table J.— NUMBER OF TRUCKS, TRUCK-TRACTORS, AND TRAILERS OPERATED BY WHOLESALE TRADE FIRMS, 

DECEMBER 1948 

[Includes vehicles operated from administrative offices and au-iiliary units as well as those at wholesale establishments] 



Type of equipment and rated capacity 


Total 


Merchant 
wholesalers 


Manufacturers' 

sales branches, 

offices 


Petroleum bulk 
stations, ter- 
minals 


Assemblers 

(mainly farm 

products) 


Tracks, total 


366,330 

126, 886 
144, 251 
78,911 
16,283 

26, 762 

789 
3,885 
13, 493 

8,585 

30,694 


238,396 

95,237 
84.674 
49,278 
9,207 

14,553 

604 
2,368 
7,560 
4,021 

17,085 


31,579 

10, 798 

13.310 

6,354 

1,117 

1,276 

34 
285 
492 
465 

1,655 


74,425 

14,084 

36,342 

18, 491 

5,608 

8,942 

96 

839 

4,261 

3,746 

9,277 


21, 930 


Manufacturers' rated capacity: 


6,766 


1^4 tons 1 


9,926 




4,788 


5 tons and over .... 


451 




1,991 


Manufacturers' rated capacity: 

Under 1^ tons . . 


55 


1>« tons 


403 


Ovpr 1 U tnn*;, jindpr fi tons 


1,180 


6 tons and over.. 


353 


Semitrailers and trailers 


2,577 







978491—52 



26 



WHOLESALE TRADE 



City size. — Wholesale establishments are grouped in 
table 8A according to the size of the city (based on pre- 
liminary 1950 population counts) in which they are 
located. The table presents basic information on num- 
ber of establishments, sales, expense-as-percent-of-sales 
ratios, payroll, employment, and stocks by type-of-opera- 
tion groups, kind of business, and city size. A brief 
summary is presented in table K below. 

A total of 88,830 of the 243,366 wholesale establish- 
ments in the country in 1948 were located in cities of 
500,000 inhabitants or more. These 88,830 establish- 
ments accounted for 51.7 percent of the sales, 49.1 percent 
of the 1948 payi'oll, and 42.0 percent of the paid employees 
of all wholesale establishments for that year. In con- 
trast the 18 cities in this size bracket contained only 17.5 
percent of the country's population in 1950. 

Concentration of Wholesale Trade in the larger cities 
is further illustrated by the fact that 131,491, or more 
than one-half of all establishments, were located in the 
106 cities of 100,000 inhabitants or more. Establish- 
ments in these cities accounted for almost three-fourths, 
73.3 percent, of the sales, 72.7 percent of the annual pay- 
roll, and 65.8 percent of the paid employees of all whole- 
sale establishments. However, these cities contained 
only 29.2 percent of the population of the country. As 
shown in table A, above, if the measure is based on 
metropolitan areas rather than cities, the concentration 
is even greater. 

Of the total of 243,366 wholesale establishments, 
41,838 were located in iucorporated places having less 
than 2,500 inhabitants, or in unincorporated places and 
rural areas. These establishments — chiefly petroleum 
bulk stations and assemblers of farm products — recorded 
8.4 percent of the sales, 6.2 percent of annual payroll, 
and 9.0 percent of the paid employees of wholesale 
establishments, contrasted with 42.9 percent of the 
country's population. It should be observed that in 
census results all sales, payroll, and employment (in- 
cluding traveling salesmen) are credited to the city or 
area in which the establishment from which the business 
is conducted is located. Consistent with the findings in 
table A, average weekly payroll per paid employee is 



highest in the largest population centers and decreased 
with city size. Compared with the average of $64 per 
week for the country as a whole, payroll for the work- 
week ended nearest November 15, 1948, amounted to 
$74 in cities of 500,000 inhabitants or more. From this 
high it declined with the decrease in city size to $47 in 
the next to the lowest city-size bracket. 

Firm size. — Wholesale Trade is analyzed in table 8B 
according to the number of wholesale establishments 
under a single ownership into the following classifications: 
1 wholesale establishment only; 2 establishments; 3 to 5 
establishments; 6 to 9 establishments; 10 to 14 estab- 
lishments; 15 to 24 establishments; 25 to 49 establish- 
ments; 50 to 99 establishments; and 100 or more whole- 
sale establishments. Administrative offices and auxiliary 
units are included, but shown separately in the summary 
totals. A comparative summary by firm size, 1948 and 
1939, limited to wholesale establishments, is given in 
table L, below. Data as shown in table L for the year 
1939 are unadjusted for scope changes of 847 establish- 
ments and $377 mQhon sales. Changes from 1939 were 
made with respect to coffee roasting and leaf tobacco 
stemming and redrying establishments, which were 
excluded from the 1948 Census of Business but covered 
in the 1947 Census of Manufactures. Motion picture 
film distributors were included with Wholesale Trade in 
1939 but not in 1948. Administrative offices and 
auxiliary units were omitted in 1939 but included in 
1948. Scope changes are further explained in the intro- 
duction to the volume under the heading "Comparison 
of 1948 and 1939 Trade Scope." 

The 243,366 wholesale establishments in the country 
in 1948 were operated by 181,745 different companies, 
firms, or other ownerships. More than two-thirds, or 
172,142, of the 243,366 wholesale establishments in 1948 
were owned by companies, concerns, or individuals who 
had only one wholesale establishment. Importance of 
the single-unit establishments is indicated by the fact 
that as a group they accounted for approximately 
one-half, 49.7 percent, of the sales of all wholesale 
establishments. On the other extreme 133 firms each 
operated 50 or more wholesale establishments. These 



Table K.— SUMMARY OF WHOLESALE TRADE BY CITY SIZE 



Establishmeuts 



City-size group (number of Inhabitants) 



Number 



Percent 
of total 



Sales, entire year 



Amount 
($1,000) 



Percent 
of total 



Payroll, entire year 



Amount 
($1,000) 



Percent 
of total 



Active 
proprie- 
tors,' 
November 
(number) 



I 







713 


100.0 


702 


49.1 


703 


23.6 


.■KM 


6.6 


41S 


5.5 


nra 


4.9 


,W2 


2.4 


554 


1.7 


190 


6.2 



Paid employees and payroll, workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 



Employees 



Number 



Percent 
of total 



Payroll 



Average 

per 
employee 



United States, total 

Cities with a 1950 population of — 

600.000 or more 

100,000 to 499.999 _._. 

60,000 to 99,999 

25,000 to 49,999 

10,000 to 24,999 , 

5,000 to 9,9!'9 

2,500 to 4,999 

Incorporated places fewer than 2,600 inhabi- 
tants, unincorporated places, and rural 
areas . 



243,366 

88,830 
42, 661 
15, 303 
14, 491 
17, 684 
12,381 
10, 178 



100.0 

36.6 
17.6 
6.3 
6.9 
7.3 
5.1 
4.2 



188, 688, 801 

97, 649, 201 
40, 683, 677 
10, 293, 528 
8, 257, 671 
8,041,189 
4, 636, 442 
3. 439, 857 



16, 787, 236 



100. 

61.7 
21.6 
5.4 
4.4 
4.3 
2.4 
1.8 



8.4 



7, 990, 

3, 919, 
1, 889. 
531. 
440, 
390, 
188, 
135. 

495, 



163,490 

69,723 
24,999 
9,335 
9,059 
12,635 
9,500 
7,949 



30, 290 



2,382,789 

1,001,481 
667, 116 
171, 304 
146, 750 
145, 379 
77, 745 
68,526 



214, 488 



100.0 



$193, 223, 967 

73, 841, 637 
36, 248, 134 
10, 278, 964 
8, 458, 406 
7, 570, 095 
3, 772, 126 
2, 756, 556 



10, 298, 051 



$64 

74 
64 
60 
68 
52 
49 
47 



' Proprietors of unincorporated businesses. 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



27 



133 firms as a group operated 30,126 establishments 
with sales amounting to approximately one-sixth, 17.2 
percent, of the total. 



CHART 8.— WHOLESALE TRADE— UNITED 
STATES, BY CITY SIZE: 1948 

(POPULATION BASED ON 1950 ESTIMATES) 



■J^^MiSJ^iJ^^lsij^ !!! 



PERCESTAGE OF VHITED STATES TOTALS 
10 20 30 to 



-r 



CITIES OF 600,000 IKHABITANTS OR MORE HAD: 



36.51 OF ESTSGLISHXrHTS 



50 



Ijil'SKn OF SALES :::::!:!:!:i:|:|;j:|:|:::i: 






CITIES OF 100,000 TO 1(99,999 HAD: 

17.51 OF EST»BLISHMENTS 



61 OF SALES 



11. 7J OF POPULATION 



CITIES OF 25,000 TO 99,999 HAD: 



12. 2J OF ESTABLISHMENTS 



■.■■.■■i 9. 81 Of SALES 



11. 6t OF POPULATION 
I 



CITIES OF 2,500 TO 2it,999 HAD: 

16. 6J OF ESTABLISHMENTS 



8.51 OF SALES 



16.31 OF POPULATION 
I 



REMAINDER OF UNITED STATES HAD: 



17.21 OF ESTABLISHMENTS 






All firm-size groups recorded increases in number of 
firms and in number of establishments, 1948 over 1939, 
with the largest increase in the single-establishment 
firms. Some slight changes are noted, however, in the 
portion of total sales accounted for by the various firm- 
size groups, with a slight tendency toward an increase in 
larger size brackets. Single-unit establishments — al- 
though their number increased by 35,255, or 82.4 percent 
of the total increase in establisliment count — recorded a 
decrease from 52.1 percent to 49.7 percent of total sales. 



On the other extreme, sales of firms operating 50 or more 
wholesale establishments increased from 14.0 percent to 
17.2 percent of the total. Each of the firm-size groups 
from 1 through 10-14 establishments, except one, re- 
corded some decrease in portion of total sales, 1948 
compared with 1939, while all groups above this level 
recorded increases. Firms operating two wholesale 
establishments accounted for the same portion of sales 
in 1948 as in 1939—5.2 percent. 

Data on number of firms are shown in table 8B at the 
summaiy level only, not by type of operation or kind of 
business. Firm size is based on the total number of 
wholesale establishments operated by a company during 
1948, regardless of the type of operation or kind of busi- 
ness. For example, a company that may have operated a 
v\^holesale drug house, a wholesale hardware house, and 
two petroleum bulk stations was counted as one firm 
with four establishments. However, a company that 
operated one or more wholesale establishments and other 
establishments in business or industries other than whole- 
sale, was classified by the number of wholesale establish- 
ments only. 

Dale acquired. — Census report forms provided for 
reporting for each wholesale establishment "Date of 
acquiring or establishing this business in this city under 
present ownership: (month) (year)." In tabulating the 
results of this inquiry, establishments which at the end 
of 1948 were operated by original owners were classified 
according to the date business was started. Others were 
classified according to the latest date the business 
changed ownership prior to the end of 1948. Change of 
name, without a change of the actual owners, was not 
considered change of ownership; neither was a change of 
location of the establisliment within the same city, if it 
continued at the new location under the same ownership. 
However, a change in the legal form of organization, 
e. g., from partnership to corporation or a change from 
partnership to sole proprietorship, was considered a 
change in ownership; and the acquisition date reported 
was that of the latest change in legal form. 

Findings of this inquiry are presented in table 8C 
for the country as a whole by type of operation and 
kind of business. Establishments are grouped histori- 



Table L.— size by number OF WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENTS OPERATED BY COMPANY OR FIRM: 1948 

AND 1939 



[Sales are expressed as a 


percent of total for respective census year] 








Number of wholesale establishments in company or firm 


Companies or firms 


Wholesale establishments 


Sales as a percent of total 


1948 (number) 


1939 ' (number) 


1948 (number) 


1939 ' (number) 


1948 (parcent) 


1939 1 (percent) 


United Slates, total 


181, 745 

172, 142 

4,806 

3,015 

837 

387 

274 

161 

S9 

74 


144, 788 

136. 887 
3.836 
2,517 
729 
362 
220 
134 

} 113 


243,366 

172, 142 
9,612 
10, 668 
6,055 
4,461 
6,177 
6.125 
f 4,011 
I 26. 115 


200,573 

136, 887 
7.672 
8,985 
5,057 
3,985 
4.082 
4,598 

} 29, 187 

140 


100.0 

49.7 
5.2 
7.8 
6.3 
4.3 
6.1 
6.4 
f 4.8 
\ 12.4 


100.0 


1 wholesale establishment only _ - 


52 1 




6.2 


3-5 wholesale establishmpnts .__. . .._- 


7 9 




6.9 


10-14 wholesale establishments ... _ . ... 


6.0 




5.0 




4.8 


60-99 wholesale estnblishments 


} 14.0 


100 or more wholesale establishments 


Not stated 


0.1 















* 1939 data not revised for minor scope changes. 
978491—52- — -4 



28 



WHOLESALE TRADE 



cally according to the time the business was acquired, 
or started, by 1948 owner. In addition to table 8C, 
a brief summary for the United States is presented by 
, type of operation in table M, below. 

Of the 243,336 wholesale establishments in the United 
States, 29,951, mostly establishments of multiunit organ- 
izations, failed to report this item of information. The 
following statements refer only to the 213,415 wholesale 
establishments that reported "date acquired" informa- 
tion and to the sales of these establishments. 

Of the 213,415 wholesale establishments in the country 
at the end of the census year that reported this informa- 
tion 19,162, or 9 percent, either changed ownership dur- 
ing or were started in 1948. Approximately one-third, 
31.5 percent, were acquired, or were started, by their 1948 
owners since 1945. On the other extreme, 2,976 es- 
tablishments operated continuously under the same 
ownership in the same city for more than 49 years, having 
been acquired by their 1948 owners prior to 1900. 

Considering all types of establishments together, busi- 
nesses started or acquired in 1948 accounted for 3.7 
percent of the sales, and those operated under continuous 
ownership since 1945 accounted for 19.4 percent of sales. 
On the other extreme establishments operated continu- 
ously under the same ownership since 1899 contributed 
4.4 percent of the sales and those operated under the 
same ownership for 21 years or more (acquired or started 
by 1948 owner prior to 1928) accounted for 20.3 percent 
of the total. 

Large annual sales per establishment are generally 
associated with long operation under the same ownership. 
Establishments, all types of operation combined, acquired 
prior to 1900 by 1948 owners had an average annual sales 



volume in 1948 of $2,404,000. From this high, the 
average dropped rather consistently to $529,400 for 
those started or taken over during the period 1946-47. 
Average sales of places of business established or acquired 
in 1948 amounted to only $309,000, but many of these 
did not report for a full 12-months' operation. 

Detailed types of operation. — Thirty-six detailed types 
of operation are identified in census findings on Whole- 
sale Trade. Basic data on establishments, sales, expen- 
ses, payroll, and employment are presented separately for 
these detailed types in summary for the United States by 
kind of business in table 8D. Sequence or arrangement 
of the detailed types in the table, together with a state- 
ment of the number of kinds of business shown separately 
for each type, is shown below : 



Type ofopeTotion 



Number 
of kind) 
of bust- 
nets 
shown 
separate- 
ly in table 
HD 



Merchant wholesalers: 

Service wholesalers (domestic market) : 

Wholesale merchants, jobbers 

Converters (textile) 

Industrial distributors 

Foreign trade merchants: 

Exporters 

Importers 

Limited-function wholesalers: 

Cash-carry wholesalers 

Drop or direct-mill shippers 

Wagon, truck distributors 

Retailer-cooperative warehouses 

Manufacturers' sales branches, offices: 

Sales branches (with stocks) ' 78 

Sales offices (without stocks) • 71 

• See table IE rather than table 8D. 



51 

1 

10 

38 
24 

11 

7 

10 

4 



Table M.— SUMMARY OF WHOLESALE TRADE, BY PERIOD ESTABLISHED OR ACQUIRED 

[Sales are expressed as a percent of total sales of establishments reporting date acquired or established and as average sales per establishment] 





Total, all types 


Merchant wholesalers 


Manufacturers' sales branches, offices 


Year or period business acquired (or 
established) by 1948 owner 


Establish- 
ments 
(number) 


Average armual 
sales per 

establishment 
($1,000) 


Sales, percent 
of total re- 
porting date 
acquired 


Establish- 
ments 
(number) 


Average annual 
sales per 

establishment 
($1,000) 


Sales, percent 
of total re- 
porting date 
acquired 


Establish- 
ments 
(number) 


Average annual 

sales per 

establishment 

($1,000) 


Sales, percent 
of total re- 
porting date 
acquired 


United States, total ... . 


243,366 
213, 415 

19. 162 
48.025 
31,131 
26, 726 
21,113 
17,083 
30, 660 
17. 640 
2.976 
29.961 


775 
769 

309 

529 

573 

605 

814 

872 

1,054 

1,456 

2,404 

894 




146, S18 
133, 185 

13, 486 
34,603 
21, 034 
16, 308 
12,819 

9,362 

14, 876 
8,807 
1,890 

13,333 


544 

640 

203 
380 
402 
442 
570 
629 
886 
1,206 
1,829 
684 




23. 768 
17,614 

1,045 
2.480 
1,928 
1,889 
2.008 
1,486 
3,818 
2,380 
480 
6,254 


2,219 
2,222 

861 
1,487 
1,550 
1,604 
2.385 
2.304 
2.360 
3,783 
4.350 
2,210 






100.0 

3.7 

15.7 
11.0 

9.6 
10.6 

9.2 
19.9 
16.9 

4.4 


100.0 

3.8 
18.2 
11.7 
10.0 
10.2 

8.2 
18.3 
14.8 

4.8 


100.0 


1948 . . 


2.3 


1945-1947 


9.6 


1942-1946 


7.7 


1938-1941. 


7.8 


1934-1937.. 


12.3 


19.30-1933 


8.8 


1920-1929 


23.1 


1900-1919 


23.1 


Prior to 1900 . 


6.4 
















Petroleum bulli stations, terminals 


Agents, broliers 


Assemblers (mainly farm products) 


United SUtcs. total 


29. 451 

24, 202 

646 
2,568 
1,878 
2,609 
2,606 
3,452 
7,072 
2,900 

271 
6,249 


360 
397 

200 
266 
320 
361 
420 
414 
380 
662 
1,613 
192 




24, 361 
22, 136 

2,418 
6,440 
3,611 
2,890 
2,111 
1,715 
2,644 
1,240 
167 
2,225 


1,421 
1,442 

706 
1,192 
1,241 
1,121 
1,480 
1,908 
2.210 
2,342 
6,474 
1,209 




19, 268 
16, 378 

1,267 
2.934 
2.680 
2.126 
1,669 
1.068 
2.250 
2,313 
168 
2,890 


669 

578 

305 
486 
498 
660 
661 
826 
709 
658 
696 
516 




Reporting date acquired, total 


100.0 

2.0 
7.1 
6.2 
6.1 
11.4 
14.6 
28.0 
17.0 
4.3 


100.0 

6.3 
20.3 
14.0 
10.2 

9.8 
10.3 
17.6 

6.1 

3.4 


100.0 


1048 


4.1 


1946-1947 


16.0 


1942-1946 


14.1 


1938-1941 


12.6 


1934-1937 


6.3 


19,30-1933 . 


6.3 


1920-1929... 


18.3 


1900-1919... 


16.1 


Prior to 1900 


1.2 


Date not reported 













SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 29 

Bj^uni The importance of these two types of operation in the 

"■'nw*'" wholesale grocery trade is indicated in table IE, page 

ieparaU- 1.10 of thlS Volume. 

lyhtMe Transactions by agents and brokers.— The Census 

Petroleum bulk stations, terminals: definition of agents and brokers, based on the definition 

Independent bulk stations ■ 1 jj^ ^1^^ Standard Industrial Classification Manual, Volume 

Commission stations '1 tt • i i • -rm i i m i i • 

Salary, salary-commission stations >1 ^^' "deludes m Wholesale Trade busmesses primarily 

Cooperative bulk stations il engaged in negotiating sales (or purchases) for the ac- 

Distributing terminals > 1 count of others on a commission basis. Many of them 

Agents, brokers: also conduct some business on their own account — "job- 
Auction companies. 8 bing" business. "Sales" as shown in Census pubHca- 

Brokers (merchandise): ti^ns on Wholesale Trade for agents and brokers repre- 

x\,6Dr6S6iiLinE sellers 27 

Representing buyers..."^]"^!!!'"""!"!'" 17 ^^^*^ *^^ *°*^^ sellmg value of the goods in transactions 

Commission merchants. 24 negotiated for others, their principals, plus any sales on 

Export agents — 24 their own account. Tables 8G and 8H provide a measure 

Import agents 11 of the two types of transactions. Table 8G presents a 

Manufacturers' agents: summary for the United States by kmd of busmess and 

With SLOCKS 20 

Without stocks' ' 22 ^^^^^ ^^ presents data separately for each standard 

Selling agents 23 metropolitan area with 1 ,000,000 inhabitants or more, by 

Purchasing agents, resident buyers 6 kind of business. 

Cooperative buying agencies 1 Agents and brokers who also did some jobbing business 

Cooperative sales agencies. 4 ^re distinguished in the tables from those operating 

Assemblers (mainly farm products): exclusively on an agency basis. Not aU respondents 

Assemblers (dealing on own account)-. 14 ^ i ^i ■ i i . ,.,,., 

Commission buyers 13 segregated theu" sales between agency and jobbmg, hence 

Cooperative marketing associations 14 those not making the segregation are shown as a separate 

Cream stations 1 classification. Therefore, tlu-ee classifications are dis- 

Country grain elevators: tinguished: (a) those negotiating transactions for others 
Independent 1 ^^ ^^ agency basis only, (6) those negotiating trans- 
Cooperative 1 actions for others and also buying and selling on their 

Packers, shippers 4 own account, and (c) those that did not report the 

1 See table IE rather than table 8D. analysis. In many instances it was necessary to combine 

„ . ,. ,,, , , .« .. . . ,. „ classifications to avoid disclosure of individual opera- 

Descnptions of the above class! Dcations are givenin appendix B ,. , ,. ,i • ,. . . , , ^-, . 

tions. A summary of the miormation m table 8G is 

Voluntary groups, retailer cooperatives. — Some char- presented in table N, below, 
acteristics of two of the newer types of operation — Of the 24,361 wholesale establishments operated by 

voluntary group wholesalers and retaUer cooperative wholesale agents and brokers, 17,976 reported that aU 

warehouses — in the wholesale grocery trade are measured of their 1948 business was on an agency basis; i. e., that 

in tables 8E and 8F. The information was developed they did not buy and sell on their own account. Trans- 

from replies to inquiries 2 (c) and 2 (d) of Form BC-30, actions of these establishments amounted to $26.8 billion 

Census of Business: 1948. (See reproductions in ap- during the census year. Three thousand, nine hundred 

pendix G.) Terms used in this table are explained in and twenty-three establishments reported varying 

appendix F. amounts, but not to exceed 50 percent of the total, of sales 

Tables 8E and 8F present basic data on establishments, on their own account. Total "sales" of this group 
sales, expenses, pajToll, personnel, and stocks for the amounted to $5.4 billion; $691 million, or 12.8 percent, 
United States as a whole and for Census geographic of which was on their own account. Of the total, 2,462 
divisions. Establishments are grouped under geo- establishments with sales amounting to $2.4 billion failed 
graphic areas according to the percentage of their 1948 to report whether or not they did any jobbing business, 
sales to retail members of the group; i. e., according to Kinds of business by States. — Published bulletins of 
group participation. Findings of these tables may be the 1948 Census of Business included a series of 51 trade 
summarized briefly as follows: The great majority of releases — Release Series BC-2-W — each presenting basic 
sales, for those reporting this information, of retailer- data on number of establishments, sales, expenses, pay- 
owned wholesalers in the grocery trade is to retail mem- roll, personnel, and stocks for one or more kinds of 
hers of the group. The portion of total sales of voluntary business, by geographic divisions and States. Most of 
group wholesalers to retaU members varies widely, but m the 51 releases represented a rearrangement of informa- 
general the larger the participation the smaller the ex- tion that appears in the State tables — table 101, Volume 
penses-to-sales ratios of the wholesaler. V, Census of Business: 1948. Eighteen of the 51 releases 



30 



WHOLESALE TRADE 

Table N.— WHOLESALE AGENTS AND BROKERS 



Class oJ agent, broker 



All agents, brokers, United States, total.. 



Negotiating for others only 

NcROtiatinR for others and for own account. 
Not reporting analysis 



Establishments 
(number) 



24, 361 

17, 976 
3,923 
2,462 



Sales (or purchases) negotiated, entire year 



Total ($1,000) 



26. H4X 397 
6. 402, 779 
2, 363, 916 



For others 
($1,000) 



26, 843. 397 

4,711,911 

n. a. 



For own ac- 
count ($1,000) 



n. a. 

690, 868 

n. a. 



Brokerage and commissions 
received ' 



Amount 
($1,000) 



894, 395 

663, 274 
162, 785 
68, 336 



Percent of trans- 
actions nego- 
tiated for others 



2.5 
3.6 



n. a. Not available or not applicable. 

1 On sales (or purchases) negotiated for others. 

presented new information, information included in the 
State tables in broad trade classifications but not shown 
separately for individual kinds of business. Data from 
the 18 releases, covering the followmg 2 1 kinds of business 
are reproduced, with some modifications, in table 8J: 

Barber, Beauty Supply Houses. 

Commercial Refrigeration Equipment Supply Houses. 

Dental Supply Houses. 

Electrical Merchandise Wholesalers (General Line). 

Electrical Wiring Supplies, Equipment Distributors. 

Hardware Wholesalers (General Line). 

Hardware Wholesalers (Specialty Line). 

Heating Equipment Wholesalers. 

Heating- Plumbing Equipment Wholesalers (General Line). 

Hosiery, Underwear Wholesalers. 

Laundry Supply Houses. 

Leather and Shoe Findings Jobbers. 

Oil Well Supply Houses. 

Optical Goods Wholesalers. 

Paint (With Glass, Wallpaper) Wholesalers. 

Restaurant, Hotel Equipment Supply Houses. 

School Supply Houses. 

Shoe Wholesalers. 

Surgical, Medical, Hospital Supply Houses. 

Voluntary Group Grocery Wholesalers. 

Wholesale Florists. 

Alaska ami Hawaii 

In addition to the continental United States, the 1948 
Census of Business also covered the Territories of Alaska 
and Hawaii. Information published on Wholesale Trade 



for these- Territories is similar to that presented for 
States. 

Basic data on number of wholesale establishments, 
sales, expenses, payroll, employment, and stocks are 
shown for each of the Territories as a whole by type of 
operation and kind of business in table 101. Data are 
shown in table 103 for judicial divisions in the case of 
Alaska and for counties in Hawaii. In each instance 
information is shown separately for cities of 5,000 inhabi- 
tants or more. Table 104 presents the basic information 
for each division or county with 50 or more wholesale 
establishments, by kind of business. Tables 101, 103, 
and 104 appear in Volume V, Census of Business 1948, 
Wholesale Trade, Area Statistics. Table 102 does not 
appear in this series as neither Territory contains any of 
the 147 standard metropolitan areas for which data are 
shown in 1948 Census of Business volumes. Summary 
information from table 101 is presented by type-of- 
operation groups in the accompanying table 0. 

There were 111 wholesale establishments in the Territory 
of Alaska in 1948 with sales amounting to $32.2 million 
and a total payroll for $1.5 million for the census year. 
Paid employees of the 111 establishments numbered 460 
dm-hig the workweek ended nearest November 15, 1948, 
at an average wage of $60 for the week. Hawaii had 
702 wholesale establishments with sales totaling $480.7 
million and a total payroll for the year of $27.8 million. 
Payroll for the 8,221 paid employees of wholesale estab- 



Table O.— WHOLESALE TRADE, TERRITORIES OF ALASKA AND HAWAII: 1948 AND 1939 





Establish- 
ments (num- 
ber) 


Sales, entire 
year ($1,000) 


Payroll, 

entire year 

($1,000) 


Active 

proprietors,' 

November 

(number) 


Paid employees and payroll, workweek 
ended nearest Nov. 15 


Territory, census year, and type of operation 


Employees 
(number) 


Payroll 




Amount 


Average per 
employee 


Ala8ka-1948 


111 

105 

31 
64 
16 

702 
704 

534 
31 
34 
95 
8 


32,216 
9,017 

8,361 
19, 034 
4,821 

480, 734 
97, 045 

249, 270 
42.909 
38. 823 

147. 954 
1,778 


1,451 
n. a. 

470 
702 
279 

27, 798 
n. a. 

22, 537 

1,056 

1,172 

2, 932 

101 


77 
62 

26 
41 
10 

507 
506 

413 
3 
9 
82 


460 
247 

125 
265 
70 

8,221 
4,343 

6,886 

326 

317 

631 

61 


$27,484 
n. a. 

8.653 
13 962 
4,869 

536, 678 
n. a. 

426.509 

22,341 

23.828 

61. 691 

2,409 


$60 


1939 


n. a. 


I 948 by typc-of-opcration groups: 

Merchant wholp.salers 


69 


Petroleum bulk stations, terminals 


53 


other operating types _ _ 


70 


Hawau-1918 _ 


65 


1939 


n. a. 


1948 by type-of-operatinn groups: 


62 


Manufacturers' sales branches, offices.. 


68 


Petroleum bulk stations, terminals 


75 


Agents, brokers 


98 


Assemblers (mainly farm products) 


39 









n. a. Not available or not applicable. 
* Proprietors of unmcorporated businesses. 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



31 



lishments in this Territory averaged $65 for the work- 
week ended nearest November 15, 1948. Petroleum 
bulk stations and terminals constituted the principal 
type of operation in Alaska while merchant wholesalers 
led in Hawaii. 

The Territories were covered in only one of the previous 
Censuses of Business, the 1939 census. For both Terri- 
tories the number of wholesale establishments was about 
the same in postwar 1948 as in prewar 1939, but sales 
increased 257.3 percent in Alaska and 395.4 percent in 
Hawaii. 

Tabular material included in this volume for the 
Territories is outlined below, together with table refer- 
ences to similar material for States. 



Territory 


Alaska- 
Table No. 


Hawaii- 
Table No. 


9A 
9B 
9C 


90 
9H 
9J 


9D 
9E 


9K 
9L 


9F 


9M 



Brief description of table 



Legal form of organization 

Employee size... 

Number of trucks, truck-tractors, and trailers oper^ 
ated by wholesale establishments ._ 

Petroleum bulk stations, terminals— basic data 

Petroleum bulk stations, terminals— dollar sales 
and gallons of petroleum products sold.. 

Petroleum bulk stations, terminals — storage ca- 
pacity 



Corre- 
sponding 
table No. 
for States 



SB 
6B 



7C 
14A 



14D 



Sales by Commodity or Merchandise Lines 

Four of the five report forms used in enumerating 
wholesale establishments in the 1948 Census of Business 
provided for analysis of sales during the census year by 
commodity or merchandise lines. The arrangement of 
the inquiries may be seen in the reproduction of the report 
forms in appendix G of this volume. Form BC-33, used 
in enumerating agents and brokers, did not provide for 
the commodity-line analysis of sales. Chapters 10 
through 14 present the findings developed from these 
inquiries. 

Reviewed in this section are chapters 10 through 13 
only. Chapter 14, which presents the findings for pe- 
troleum bulk stations and terminals as developed from 
Form BC-32, is described in the following section. 
Chapters 10 through 13 were published as a separate 
subject bulletin entitled "U. S. Census of Business: 1948, 
Wholesale Trade — Commodity Line Sales — Bulletin No. 
2-W-lO to 13." 

Chapter 10 is a summary for the United States and 
consists of four tables, each presenting commodity-line 
information for a type-of-operation group, by kind of 
business as follows: 

Table No. : Type of operation 

lOA Merchant wholesalers. 

lOB Manufacturers' sales branches (with 

stocks). 
IOC Manufacturers' sales ofiices (without 

stocks). 
lOD Assemblers (mainly farm products). 

Chapters 11, 12, and 13 consist of one table each, 
presenting similar information by Census geographic 
divisions. States comprising the geographic divisions 
are indicated on the map, page 42. 



Table 11 covers merchant wholesalers and presents 
commodity-line data for the various kinds of business by 
geographic divisions. Table 12 presents similar infor- 
mation for manufacturers' sales branches (with stocks) 
and table 13 for assemblers (mainly farm products). 
Commodity-line mformation for manufacturers' sales 
offices (without stocks) is limited to the United States as 
a whole — table IOC. 

An index to the kinds of business in tables 10, 11, 12, 
and 13 is given on page 10.02. Also, as a guide to locat- 
ing information, a kind of business and geographic 
division index appears on the first page of each of the 
chapters 10, 11, 12, and 13. 

Meaning of "commodity line". — The term "com- 
modity line," as used in this volume, represents a group 
of related commodity items. Sometimes the group of 
items is broad enough to be referred to as a merchandise 
line. The groupings were established, for census pur- 
poses, in consultation with the representatives of sup- 
pliers of the information, and with users of census data. 
Consideration was given to the more common groupings 
of lines maintained by business establishments for sales 
record purposes as well as to needs for detailed sales 
analyses. 

All commodity or merchandise items were grouped, for 
census purposes, into 126 principal commodity lines. 
Fifty-eight of the 126 principal or major lines were 
further subdivided into 274 detailed lines, giving a total 
of 400 classifications. "Receipts from services and 
sources other than sale of merchandise" was considered 
as a commodity line (No. 126), hence the sum of all 
commodity-line sales items is equivalent to total sales. 

Commodity coverage and limitations of data. — 
Respondents were requested to select from the lines listed 
(see pp. 10.03 and 10.04 for complete list of commodity 
lines) the particular ones that applied to their business 
and to report book figures where available; otherwise, 
they were to report on the basis of the best possible ap- 
proximation. Additional space was provided for writing 
in items not on the standard list. Written-in items 
subsequently were allocated to their proper place among 
the 400 commodity lines, or were included in "Miscellane- 
ous lines of merchandise." 

The commodity-line classification shown on a particu- 
lar census report form was limited to those lines which 
might reasonably be handled by kinds of business re- 
quired to report on that form. In the relatively few 
instances where businesses did not report on the correct 
form, data may not have been analyzed in the same 
detail as by other estabhshments in the same kind of 
business which reported on the correct form. The effect 
of this was to increase the amount in the "miscellaneous" 
category. This led to some loss of detail; however, a 
careful examination of the schedules leads to the con- 
clusion that the loss for individual commodity lines which 
this occasioned is statistically insignificant. 

Not all respondents reported their sales by commodity 
lines. Had all returns been analyzed on this basis, sales 



32 



WHOLESALE TRADE 



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SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



33 



of establishments analyzed would have been the same as 
total sales of all establishments and commodity coverage 
would have been 100 percent. The extent to which the 
analysis was complete for any trade or area may be 
measured by comparing sales for "AU establishments" 
and sales of "Those analyzing commodity lines, total" 
as presented in the tables. Commodity coverage varied 
by kind of business and type of operation but for most 
trades it ranged upward from 90 percent. 

Company records vary in the detail in which sales 
analyses are maintained and also as to grouping of lines. 
Respondents who maintained only limited records and 
those whose merchandise lines or departmental sales 
classifications differed from classifications on the report 
form were asked to make entries on the basis of best 
possible approximations. There is some indication that 
in such cases there was a tendency to overstate sales of 
the commodity lines most commonly handled in the 
trade and to understate the volume of business in sec- 
ondary lines. 

Presentation rules, chapters 10 through 13. — At the 
United States level, commodity-line detail is presented 
for a kind of business when 50 or more establishments 
reported their sales by commodity line. At the geo- 
graphic division level, commodity-line detail is presented 
for a kind of business when 10 or more establishments 
reported their sales by commodity lines, provided that 
a total of at least 100 establishments in the same kind of 
business, throughout the United States, reported their 
sales by commodity lines. 

Commodity-line detail is presented for a kind of busi- 
ness only where more than 80 percent of total sales are 
analyzed. Individual commodity-line data are pre- 
sented when four or more establishments reported sales 
of the item and where the item, dollarwise, amounted to 
at least one-tenth of 1 percent of total sales analyzed. 

Because of tabulating techniques used, there may be 
small differences between the sum of geographic division 
data for a particular commodity line when compared 
with the data shown for that commodity line at the 
United States level. 

Commodity line number. — For convenience in locating 
items in the tables, and for determining types of mer- 
chandise sold by the various classes of wholesale estab- 
lishments, each of the major commodity lines was 
assigned a number (see Commodity Lines, p. 10.03) and 
the number remains constant throughout the set of 
tables. The numbers are arranged in numerical se- 
quence, so far as they appear, under a kind of business in 
. any table. Absence of a number under a kind of business 
or geographic division generally indicates that the com- 
modity line is not sold in significant amounts. 

Column headings 

Amount (column 1). — Entries in this column of the 
table show the amount of reported sales of each of the 
commodity lines. Where the commodity analysis or 
"coverage" is incomplete, they may represent less than 



the total amoimt of sales of the commodity line for the 
kind of business. Coverage for the trade is indicated 
by the relationship between "sales of establishments 
analyzed" and "sales of all establishments." 

Percent distribution (column 2). — Entries in this 
column are established by relating reported sales of 
principal or numbered commodity lines to total sales 
analyzed for the trade. Percentages represent the im- 
portance or significance of commodity lines to kinds of 
business. 

Percentages are shown for the major or numbered 
commodity lines only, not for the detailed commodity 
items. In relating sales as reported for detailed com- 
modity lines to the total analyzed for the trade, considera- 
tion should be given to any amounts that may appear 
opposite "Not analyzed in detail." Such amounts (if 
any) represent sales analyzed only to the major or 
numbered commodity line level, not to the detailed 
commodity lines under the numbered items. 

Number (column 3). — Entries in this column represent 
the number of wholesale establishments identified with 
the kind of business, geographic division, and commodity 
indicated in the stub. For each kind of business or 
geographic division the first entry represents total num- 
ber of establishments in the classification. The second 
entry represents the total number of establishments in 
the classification or area that reported the commodity- 
line analysis. Other entries for the kind of business or 
geographic division represent the number of establish- 
ments that reported each specified commodity line. 

Total sales (column 4).- — Entries in this column repre- 
sent total sales of all commodities (including any retail 
sales and service receipts) of the establishments which 
reported sales of the specified commodity line. 

Column 1 as percent of column 4 (column 5).— Entries 
represent the relative importance of specified commodity 
lines to total sales of establishments reporting that they 
handled that line and are derived by dividing entries in 
column 1 by entries in column 4, line by line. 

Sales Analyses — Petroleum Bulk Stations, Terminals 

A special questionnaire, Form BC-32, was used in 
enumerating petroleum bulk stations and terminals in 
connection with the 1948 Census of Business. This 
form (see reproduction in appendix G) provided for 
reporting, among other things, bulk storage capacity for 
specified petroleum products as of December 31, 1948 — 
inquiry 4 (b); and "Analysis of sales by commodity or 
merchandise lines" — inquiry 8. Gallonage sales of 
specified bulk petroleum products were called for in 
inquiry 8 as well as an analysis of dollar volume of sales 
by commodity lines. 

Dollar sales as measured in this inquiry exclude the 
total amount of gasoline, oil, and other sales or turnover 
taxes (local. State, and Federal) paid du-ectly by the re- 
porting estabUsbment to any governmental taxing 
agency. 



34 



WHOLESALE TRADE 



Results of these inquiries are presented in chapter 14, 
which includes tables 14A through 14G. These tables 
were published in a separate bulletin entitled "Petroleum 
Bulk Stations and Terminals," Bulletin No. 2-W-14. A 
table of contents to the various tables in chapter 14 is 
given on page 14.01 : 

Table 14A presents basic data on number of bulk stations and 
terminals, their sales, expenses, payroll, personnel, and stocks, 
by geographic divisions and State.s. This information also 
appears by States in table 101, Volume V, Census of Business: 
1948. 

Table 14B is similar to tables 10, 11, 12, and 13 in that it pre- 
sents an analysis of dollar sales by commodity lines. Explana- 
tions given in connection with those tables apply here for the 
most part. Data are shown in table 14B for the United States as 
a whole and for Census geographic divisions. 

Tables 14C, 14D, and 14E measure sales, in gallons, of gasoline; 
kerosene, range oil, No. 1 fuel oil; light heating oils (Nos. 2-4); 
and light Diesel type fuel oil. Table 14C is a summary for the 
United States. Table 14D presents data for each State by 
counties. Table 14E presents information separately for dis- 
tributing terminals and distiict offices. Data for distributing 
terminals are also included in tables 14C and 14D. 

Table 14F measures storage capacity assigned, as of December 
31, 1948, to: gasoline, kerosene, distillate fuel oils, and Diesel fuel 
oils and residual fuel oils. Data are presented at the geographic 
division and State levels. This is the first Census of Business in 
which information has been developed on storage capacity for 
bulk petroleum products. Information from this table is sum- 
marized in table Q, below. 

Table 14G shows, for geographic divisions and States, the 
number of establishments and dollar sales (excluding taxes) for 
each of the following types of petroleum outlets. 
Petroleum Bulk Stations: 
Independent Stations. 
Comrai.ssion Stations. 
Salary Stations. 
Cooperative Stations. 
Distributing Terminals. 

Descriptions of the above classifications are given in appendix F. 

Limitations of data in chapter 14. — Business establish- 
ments are classified, for census purposes, according to 
theii- primary operation during the census year. As 
chapter 14 deals primarily with the distribution of bulk 
petroleum products, data for establishments primarily 



engaged in selling packaged petroleum products are not 
included here; but they are included in other tables of 
this volume, classified according to their type of oper- 
ation and kind of business. Firms handling bulk petro- 
leum products as secondary lines are not included in 
these tables. Stations conducting a combined wholesale- 
retail business are classified as wholesale or retail accord- 
ing to their major activity diu-ing the census year. 

Data for all tables except 14B are exclusive of oper- 
ations of liquefied petroleum gas stations and distributing 
terminals. Sales made directly from petroleum refiners 
to retailers or to industrial and other users are not 
included. Transfers from bulk stations to gasoline 
service stations operated by the same company as the 
bulk plant, however, are included in the data. There is 
duplication in the data reported in these tables to the 
extent that refiner marketers sell from district offices, 
terminals, or from larger bulk stations to "jobbers" who 
in turn operate bulk stations. 

Not all bulk stations and distributing terminals 
reported the analysis provided for in tables 14B, 14C, 
14D, and 14E. A measure of "coverage" is shown in 
each table. Allowance should be made for the extent 
to which the analysis is incomplete as indicated by the 
relationship between "sales of establishments analyzed" 
and "sales of all establishments," or by percentage 
figures. 

Gallonage sales. — Excluding the 324 bulk stations 
primarily engaged in selling liquefied petroleum gas, 
there were 29,127 petroleum bulk stations and terminals 
in the United States in 1948 with sales (excluding taxes) 
for the census year amoimting to $8.9 billion. Of this 
number, 28,394, with sales totaling $6.7 billion, were 
classified as bulk stations, and 733, with sales of $2.2 
billion, as distributing terminals. Data for the 29,127 
establishments are summarized in table P, below. 

Bulk stations and terminals, accounting for 92.8 per- 
cent of all dollar sales, reported gasoline sales totaling 
32.3 billion gallons; and fuel, heating, and Diesel oils 
totaling 15.7 billion gallons. Assuming that the oper- 



Table p.— petroleum BULK STATIONS AND TERMINALS— ESTABLISHMENTS, DOLLAR SALES (EXCLUDING 

GASOLINE TAXES) AND GALLONS SOLD 



[Excludes liquefied petroleum gas bulk stations 












All bulk stations, terminals 


Bulk stations and terminals reporting number 
of gallons sold 


Type of bulk station, terminal 


Number 


Sales ' (exclud- 
ing taxes), 
entire year 
($1,000) 


Sales 
coverage ' 


Gasoline 
(1,000 gaUons) 


Kerosene, fuel 

oils, heating 

oils, light 

Diesel-type 

fuel oil 

(1,000 gaUons) 


United States, total.. 


29,127 

19, 053 

10, 074 

28,394 

18, 559 

9,835 

733 

494 

239 


8,914,291 

6. 044. 269 
2. 870. 022 
6. 753. 712 
4. 685, 546 
2, 168. 166 
2, 160, 579 
1, 458. 723 
701, 856 


92.8 

99.3 
79.1 
92.4 
99.3 
77.7 
94.2 
99.3 
83. S 


32, 288, 487 

24.790.812 

7. 407. 675 

25. 200. 307 

19. 095. 58S 

6. 104. 719 

7. 088. 180 
5. 685. 224 
1, 392, 958 


15, 651, 918 

10. 080. 868 

K <i71 0*12 


Refiner-marketer 


Other stations, terminals . ... 


Petroleum hulk stations 


9,973.033 
6, 627, 117 
3,345,916 
6, 078. 885 
3. 453. 749 
2, 225, 136 


Refiner-marketer ^- .__ _ 


Other stations...; 


Distributing terminals , 


Rpflner-marketer 


Other terminals . _ 





' Including item? other than pptroloum products. - -- 

' Percent of sales of all establishments accounted for by stations and terminals returning gallonage information. 



SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



35 



CHART 10.— STORAGE CAPACITY OF PETROLEUM BULK STATIONS AND TERMINALS: 1948 



NEW YORK 

NEH JERSEY 

TEXAS 

PEHHSYLVANIA... 

CALIFORNIA 

FLO II IDA 

MICHIGAN 

HASHIKGTON 

MASSACHUSETTS., 

WISCONSIN 

CONNECTICUT.... 

OHIO 

VIRGINIA 

lOUA 

ILLINOIS 

tNOIANA 

NORTH CAROLINA, 

NARYLANO 

OREGON 

MINNESOTA 

MAINE 

LOUISIANA 

RHODE ISUNO.., 

GEORGIA 

SOUTH CAROLINA. 

KENTUCKY 

TENNESSEE 

MISSOURI 

ALABAMA 

OKLAHOMA 

KANSAS 

MISSISSIPPI... 
NEBRASKA 




MILLIOH GALIOHS 
HOO SOO 600 



?00 



800 



900 



1000 



STORAGE CAPACITY—UNITED STATES 

(Million gallons) 

Total 7,767 

Gasoline 3,652 

Kerosene and fuel oils.. 4,115 



MILLIOH CALLOUS 

100 200 



VERMONT ^ 

SOUTH DAKOTA 

MEST VIRGINIA 

DELAWARE 

HORTH DAKOTA 

NEW HAMPSHIRE 

ARKANSAS 

COLORADO 

MONTANA 

IDAHO 

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA 

ARIZONA 

UTAH 

NEM MEtICO 

HYOMINS... 

NEVADA 







GASOLINE 



KEROSENE AND FUEL OILS 



36 



WHOLESALE TRADE 



ations of those not reporting gallons separately paralleled 
the experiences of those that reported this information, 
the above gallonage figiu-es should be increased by about 
8 percent. 

Storage capacity. — Storage capacity of the 29,127 
petroleum bulk stations and terminals amounted to 7.7 
billion gallons at the end of 1948; of which 3.7 billion 



was allocated to gasoline, 1.1 billion to kerosene, 1.9 
billion to distillate fuel oils, and 1.1 billion to Diesel fuel 
oils and residual fuels. 

Of the 7.7 billion gallons total capacity, 6.0 billion was 
reported by refiner-marketer stations and terminals, and 
1.7 billion by other stations and terminals — principally 
jobbers. 



Table Q.— PETROLEUM BULK STATIONS AND TERMINALS STORAGE CAPACITY, DEC. 31, 1948 

(Excludes liquefied petroleum gas bulk stations] 



Product 


Total 
capacity, 
all bulk 
stations, 
terminals 

(1,000 
gallons) 


Refiner- 
marketer 
stations, 
terminals 

(1,000 
gallons) 


Other 

stations, 

terminals 

(1,000 

gallons) 


Product 


Total 
capacity, 
aff bulk 
stations, 
terminals 

(1,000 
gallons) 


Refiner- 
marketer 
stations, 
terminals 
(1,000 

gallons) 


Other 

rtations, 
terminals 

(1,000 
gallons) 


United States, total 


7, 766, 617 

3, 651, 627 
1,079,220 


6, 048, 364 

2,987,856 
852, 043 


1,718,253 

663, 672 
227, 177 


Distillate fuel oUs 


1, 880, 498 
1,166,372 


1, 390, 540 
817, 926 


489, 968 
337,448 






Kerosene 









SUMMARY OF FINDINGS 



37 



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STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS 

[As defined by the Bureau of the Budget, June 5, 1950] 



AKRON, OHIO: Summit County. 

ALBANY-SCHENECTADYTKOY, 
N. Y.; Albany, Rensselaer, and Sche- 
nectady Counties. 

ALLENTOWN-BETHLEHEM- 
EASTON, PA.: Lchigli and North- 
ampton Counties, Pa.; Warren County, 
N.J. 

ALTOONA. PA.: Blair County. 

ASHEVILLE, N. C: Buncombe Coun- 
ty. 

ATLANTA, QA.: Cobb, De Kalb, and 
Fulton Counties. 

ATLANTIC CITY, N. J.: Atlantic 
County. 

AUGUSTA, OA.: Richmond County, 
Oa.; Aiken County, S. C. 

AUSTIN, TEX.: Travis County. 

BALTIMORE, MD.: Baltimore city, 
Baltimore and Anne Arundel Counties. 

BATON ROUOE, LA.: East Baton 
Rouge Parish. 

BEAUMONT-PORT ARTHUR, TEX. 
Jctlerson County. 

BINQHAMTON, N. Y.: Broome Coun- 
ty. 

BIRMINGHAM, ALA.: Jefferson Coun 

ty. 

BOSTON, MASS.: All of Suffolk Coun 
ty; Cambridge, Everett, Maiden, Med 
ford, Melrose, Newton, Somerville, 
Waltbam, and Woburn cities; Arlington, 
Ashland, Bedford, Belmont, Burling 
ton. Concord, Framingham, Lexington, 
Lincoln, Natick, North Reading, Read- 
ing, Stoneham, Wakefield, Watertown 
Wayland, Weston, Wilmington, and 
Winchester towns in Middlesex County 
Beverly, Lynn, Peabody, and Salem 
cities; Danvers, Hamilton, Lyimfleld, 
Manchester, Marblehead, Middleton, 
Nahant, Saugus, Swampscott, and Wen- 
ham towns in Essex County; Quincy 
city; Braintree, Brookline, Canton, 
Cohasset, Dedham, Dover, Medfleld, 
Milton, Needham, Norwood, Randolph, 
Sharon, Walpole, Wellesley, Westwood, 
and Weymouth to^vns in Norfolk Coun 
ty; Hlngham and Hull towns In Plym 
outh County. 

BRIDQEPORT, CONN.: Bridgeport 
city; Fairfield, Stratford, and Trumbull 
towns in Fairfield County; Milford town 
in New Haven County. 

BROCKTON, MASS.: Brockton city; 
Abington, Bridgcwater, East Bridge- 
water, Rockland, West Bridgewater, 
and Whitman to\vns In Plymouth 
Coimty; Avon, Holbrook, and Stough- 
ton towns in Norfolk Coimty; Easton 
town in Bristol County. 

BUFFALO, N. Y.: Erie and Niagara 
Counties. 

CANTON. OHIO: Stark County. 

CEDAR RAPIDS, IOWA: Linn County. 

CHARLESTON, S. C: Charleston 
County. 

CHARLESTON, W. VA.: Fayette and 
Kanawha Counties. 

CHARLOTTE, N. C: Mecklenburg 
County. 

CHATTANOOGA, TENN.: Hamilton 
County. Tenn.; Walker County, Qa. 

88 



CHICAGO, ILL.: Cook, Du Page, Kane, 
Lake, and Will Counties, 111.; Lake 
County, Ind. 

CINCINNATI, OHIO: Hamilton Coun- 
ty, Ohio; Campbell and Kenton Coun- 
ties, Ky. 

CLEVELAND, OHIO: Cuyahoga and 
Lake Counties. 

COLUMBIA. S. C: Richland County. 

COLUMBUS, GA.: Chattahoochee and 
Muscogee Counties, Ga.; Rus?ell Coun- 
ty, Ala. 

COLUMBUS, OHIO: Franklin County. 

CORPUS CHRISTI, TEX.: Nueces 
County. 

DALLAS, TEX.: Dallas County. 

DAVENPORT, IOWA-ROCK IS- 
LAND-MOLINE, ILL.: Rock Island 
County, 111,; Scott County, Iowa. 

DAYTON, OHIO: Greene and Mont- 
gomery Counties. 

DECATUR, ILL.: Macon County. 

DENVER, COLO.: Adams, Arapahoe, 
Denver, and Jefferson Counties. 

DES MOINES, IOWA: Polk County. 

DETROIT, MICH.: Macomb, Oakland, 
and Wayne Counties. 

DULUTH, MINN. SUPERIOR, WIS.: 
St. Louis County, Minn.; and Douglas 
County. Wis. 

DURHAM, N. C: Durham County. 

EL PASO, TEX.: El Paso County. 

ERIE, PA.: Erie County. 

EVANSVILLE, IND.: Vanderburgh 
County. 

FALL RIVER, MASS.: Fall River city; 
Somerset, Swansea, and Westport 
towns in Bristol County, Mass.; and 
Tiverton town in Newport County, 
R.I. 

FLINT, MICH.: Genesee County. 

FORT WAYNE, IND.. Allen County. 

FORT WORTH, TEX.: Tarrant County 

FRESNO, CALIF.: Fresno County. 

GALVESTON, TEX.: Galveston 
County. 

GRAND RAPIDS, MICH.: Kent 
County. 

GREENSBORO-HIGH POINT, N. C: 
Guilford County. 

HAMILTON-MIDDLETOWN, OHIO: 
Butler County. 

HARRISBURG. PA.: Cumberland and 
Dauphin Counties. 

HARTFORD, CONN.: Hartford city; 
Avon, Bloomfleld, East Hartford, Farm- 
ington, Glastonbury, Manchester, New- 
Ington, Rocky Hill, Simsbury, South 
Windsor, West Hartford, Wethersficld, 
and Windsor towns in Hartford County. 

HOUSTON, TEX.: Harris County. 

HUNTINGTON, W. VA.-ASHLAND, 
KY.: Cabell and Wayne Counties. 
W. Va.; Boyd County, Ky.; Lawrence 
County, Ohio. 

INDIANAPOLIS, IND.: Marlon 
County. 

JACKSON, MISS.: Hinds County. 

JACKSONVILLE, FLA.: Duval 
County. 

JOHNSTOWN, PA.: Cambria and Som- 
erset Counties. 



KALAMAZOO, MICH.: Kalamazoo 
County. 

KANSAS CITY, MO.: Johnson and 
Wyandotte Counties, Kans.; Clay and 
Jackson Counties, Mo. 

KNOXVILLE, TENN.: Anderson, 
Blount, and Knox Counties. 

LANCASTER, PA.: Lancaster County. 

LANSING, MICH.: Ingham County. 

LAWRENCE, MASS.: Lawrence city; 
Andover, Methuen. and North Andover 
towns In Essex County. 

LINCOLN, NEBR.: Lancaster County. 

LITTLE ROCK, ARK.: Pulaski County 

LOS ANGELES, CALIF.: Los Angeles 
and Orange Counties. 

LOUISVILLE, KY.: Jefferson County, 
Ky.; Clark and Floyd Counties, Ind. 

LOWELL, MASS.: Lowell city, Billerica, 
Chelmsford, Dracut, and Tewksbury 
towns to Middlesex County, Mass. 

MACON, GA.: Bibb and Houston 
Counties. 

MADISON, WIS.: Dane County. 

MANCHESTER, N. H.: Manchester 
city and Ooffstown town. 

MEMPHIS, TENN.: Shelby County. 

MIAMI, FLA.: Dade County. 

MILWAUKEE, WIS.: Milwaukee 
County. 

MINNEAPOLIS-ST. PAUL, MINN.: 
Anoka. Dakota, Hennepm, and Ramsey 
Counties. 

MOBILE, ALA.: Mobile County. 

MONTGOMERY, ALA.: Montgomery 
County. 

MUSKEGON, MICH.: Muskegon Coun- 
ty. 

NASHVILLE, TENN.: Davidson Coun- 
ty. 

NEW BEDFORD, MASS.: New Bed- 
ford city; Acushnet, Dartmouth, and 
Fairhaven towns in Bristol County. 

NEW BRITAIN-BRISTOL, CONN.: 
Bristol and New Britain cities; Berlin, 
Plainville and Southington towns in 
Hartford County; Plymouth town in 
Litchfield County. 

NEW HAVEN, CONN.: New Haven 
city; Branford, East Haven, Hamden. 
North Haven, Orange, West Haven, and 
Woodbrldge towns In New Haven 
County. 

NEW ORLEANS, LA.: Jefferson, Or- 
leans, and St. Bernard Parishes. 

NEW YORK-NORTHEASTERN 
NEW JERSEY: New York City 
(Bronx, Kings, New York, Queens, and 
Richmond Counties); Nassau, Rock- 
land, Suffolk, and Westchester Counties, 
N. Y.; Bergen, Essex, Hudson, Middle- 
sex, Morris, Passaic, Somerset, and 
Union Counties. N. J. 

NORFOLK-PORTSMOUTH, VA.: 
Norfolk and Prtocess Anne Counties; 
and the cities of Norfolk, South Norfolk, 
and Portsmouth. 

OKLAHOMA CITY, OKLA.: Okla- 
homa County. 

OMAHA, NEBR.: Douglas and Sarpy 
Coimtles, Nebr.; Pottawattamie Coun- 
ty, Iowa. 



PEORIA, ILL.: Peoria and Tazewell 
Counties. 

PHILADELPHIA. PA.: Bucks, Chester, 
Delaware, Montgomery, and Philadel- 
phia Counties, Pa.; Burlington, Cain- 
den, and Gloucester Counties, N. J. 

PHOENIX, ARIZ.: Maricopa County. 

PITTSBURGH, PA.: Allegheny, Beaver- 
Washington, and Westmoreland Coun, 
ties. 

PORTLAND, MAINE: Portland, South 
Portland, and Westbrook cities; Cape 
Elizabeth and Falmouth towns In Cum- 
berland County. 

PORTLAND, OREG.: Clackamas, Mult- 
nomah, and Washtagton Counties, 
Oreg.; Clark County, Wash. 

PROVIDENCE, R. I.: Central Falls, 
Cranston, Pawtucket, Providence, and 
Woon.socket cities: Cumberland, East 
Providence, Johnston, Lincoln, North 
Providence. North Smithfield, and 
Smithfield towns in Providence County, 
R. I.; North Kingstowm town m Wash- 
ington County, R. I.; Warwick city, 
East Greenwich and West Warwick 
towns fa Kent County, R. I.; all Of 
Bristol Coimty, R. I.; Attleboro city. 
North Attleboro and Seekonk towns In 
Bristol County, Mass.; Bellmgham, 
Franklin, Plataville. and Wrentham 
towns in Norfolk County, Mass.; Black- 
stone and Miilviile towns m Worcester 
County, Mass. 

RACINE, WIS.: Racine County. 

RALEIGH, N. C: Wake County. 

READING, PA.: Berks County. 

RICHMOND, VA.: Richmond city; 
Chesterfield and Henrico Counties. 

ROANOKE, VA.: Roanoke city and 
Roanoke County. 

ROCHESTER, N. Y.: Monroe County. 

ROCKFORD, ILL.: Winnebago County. 

SACRAMENTO, CALIF.: Sacramento 
County. 

S.\aiNAW. MICH.: Saginaw County. 

ST. JOSEPH, MO.: Buchanan County. 

ST. LOUIS, MO.: St. Louis city, St. 
Charles and St. Louis Counties, Mo.: 
Madison and St. Clair Counties. 111. 

SALT LAKE CITY, UTAH: Salt Lake 
County. 

SAN ANTONIO, TEX.: Bexar County. 

SAN BERNARDINO, CALIF.: San 
Bernardino County. 

SAN DIEGO, CALIF.: San Diego 
County. 

SAN FRANCISCO-OAKLAND, 
CALIF.; Alameda, Contra Costa, 
Marm, San Francisco, San MatOb, and 
Solano Counties. 

SAN JOSE, CALIF.: Santa Clara 
County. 

SAVANNAH, OA.: Chatham County. 

SCR ANTON, PA.: Lackawanna County. 

SEATTLE, WASH.: Ktag County. 

SHREVEPORT, LA.: Caddo Parish. 

SIOUX CITY, IOWA: Woodbury 
County. 

SOUTH BEND, IND.: St. Joseph 
County. 

SPOKANE, WASH.: Spokane County. 



STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS 



39 



SPEINOFIELD, ILL. : Sangamon Coun- 
ty. 
SPRINGFIELD, MO.: Orecne County. 

SPEINOFIELD, OHIO; Clark County. 

SPEINOFIELD-HOLYOKE, MASS.: 
Chicopee, Holyoke. Springfield, and 
Westfleld cities; Agawam, East Long- 
meadow, Longmeadow, Ludlow, West 
Springfield, and Wilbraham towns in 
Hampden County, Mass.; Northamp- 
ton city; Easthampton and South 
Hadley towns in Hampshire Coimty, 
Mass.; Enflold town in Hartford 
County, Conn. 

ETAMFORD-NORWALK, CONN.: 
Norwalk city; Darien, Greenwich, New 
Canaan, Stamford, and Westport towns 
in Fairfield County. 



STOCKTON, CALIF.: San Joaquin 

County. 
SYRACUSE, N. Y.: Onondaga County. 
TACOMA, WASH.: Pierce County. 
TAMPA-ST. PETERSBURG, FLA. 

Hillsborough and Pinellas Coimties. 
TERRE HAUTE, IND.: Vigo County. 
TOLEDO, OHIO: Lucas County. 
TOPEKA, KANS.: Shawnee County. 
TRENTON, N. J.: Mercer County. 
TULSA, OKLA.; Tulsa County. 
UTICA-ROME, N. Y.: Herkimer and 

Oneida Counties. 
WACO, TEX.: McLennan County. 
WASHINGTON, D. C: The District of 

Columbia; Alexandria and Falls Church 

cities; Arlington and Fairfax Counties. 

Va.; Montgomery and Prince Georges 

Cotinties, Md. 



WATERBURY, CONN.: Waterbury 

city; Naugatuck borough; Beacon Falls, 

Cheshire, Middlebury, Prospect, and 

Wolcott towns in New Haven County; 

Thomaston and Watertown to«Tis in 

Litchfield County. 
WHEELING, W. VA.-STEUBEN- 

VILLE, OHIO: Brooke, Hancock. 

Marshall, and Ohio Counties, W. Va.; 

Belmont and Jefferson Counties, Ohio. 
WICHITA, KANS.: Sedgwick County. 
WILKES-BARRE-HAZLETON, PA.: 

Luzerne County. 
WILMINGTON, DEL.: New Castle 

County, Del.; Salem County, N. J. 
WINSTON-SALEM, N. C: Forsyth 

County. 



WORCESTER, MASS.: Worcester city 
Auburn, East Brookfleld, Grafton, 
Holden, Leicester, Millbury, North- 
borough, North Brookfleld, Shrewsbmy, 
Spencer, Westborough, and West 
Boylston towns in Worcester County. 

YORK, PA.: York County. 

YOUNGSTOWN, OHIO: Mahoning 
and Trumbull Counties, Ohio; Mercer 
County, Pa. 



i>inBn»ii ii»g. 



40 



WHOLESALE TRADE 









^^iiim^o 


M 






STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS 



41 



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to 



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42 



WHOLESALE TRADE 




LIST OF CORRECTIONS 



This volume has been prepared primarily by assem- 
bling and binding the statistical portions of previously 
issued Subject Bulletins together with additional chap- 
ters covering other phases of Wholesale Trade which 
were not issued in bulletin form. This publication plan 
was adopted to conserve public funds and expedite the 
issuance of the volume. It was found desirable to 
reprint completely the following Subject Bulletins for 

["Line" and "Column" indicate the position of the item on a page. Thus "line 10" means the tenth line from the top of the table stub, counting every line in which printing appears 
regardless of presence of entries in field. "Column 5" means fifth column from the left, not counting the stub column] 



volume publication: United States Summary; Sales 
Size and Operating Expenses; Sales by Class of Customer; 
Commodity Line Sales ; and Petroleum Bulk Stations and 
Terminals. In some instances, therefore, data will differ 
from that shown in the bulletins as originally issued. 
The corrections appearing below represent revisions 
made after volume copy was returned from the printer. 



Chapter 


Page 


Table No. 


Line No. 




2.43 
2.43 
3.08 
3.09 
3.12 
3.13 
3.14 
3.19 

5.33 
5.40 

7.04 
7.04 
7.04 

9.03 
9.05 

9.05 

11.15 
11.37 
11.37 
11.37 
11.37 
11.40 
11.44 
11.55 
14.30 

14.39 
1.30 


2B 

23 

3B 

3B 

3B 

3B _ 

3B 

3B 

6B 

SB 

7A 

7A 

7A..: 

9A 

9G 

90 

11 


60 




67 


Credit 


18 


Do 


52 . . .- 


Do 


43 


Do 


1 


Do 


34 


Do - 


51 


T,pg;M Form nf Or£aTii7jit.inn 


44 


Do 




Trucks 


6 




6.-.. 


TERRITORIES 

Alaska — General Statistics 


7 — 

Footnote 1 


Hawaii — General Statistics 

Commodity Line Sales- 


Footnote 3 . 
Footnote 4 . 
40.. 


Do . 


11 


46 




11 


47 -. 




11 


48 




11.. 


49 


Do 


11 

11 


67 


Do 


42 


Do 


11 . -. 


58 


Petroleum Bulk Stations and Ter- 
minals. 
Do 


14D 

14D 

IH.. 


2. 

57 


United States Summary 


Footnote 1— 



Item 



$5,000,000 and Over (United States, total) . . _ 

$5,000,000 and Over (Other divisions).... 

Buffalo, N. Y.— Farm products (edible), total.. 

Cincinnati, Ohio — Paints, varnishes 

Denver, Colo.— Coal, coke 

Houston, Tex., total. 

Kansas City, Mo.— Iron, steel scrap , 

San Diego, Calif. — Drugs 



Other forms of organization ^North Dakota). 
Revise footnote 1 to read 
a percent of sales. 

Dairy, poultry products , 

Fruits, vegetables (fresh) 

Farm products (raw materials) 



37,947 
3,021 
1,000 
(^) 

(y) 

+21.5 
lOO.O 

Drugs, chemicals, 
allied products 

n.a. 

Entries for agents and brokers represent commissions received expressed as 



Stub- 



Change from — 



37,647. 
2,721.. 
,000... 



(v)..... 
-21.5.. 
100.2. . . 
Drugs.. 



To— 



2,227. 
2,485. 
4,493. 



2,220 
2,479 
4,506 



Revise footnote 1 to read; Includes 1 "Other form of organization.' 
Revise footnote 3 to read: Includes 1 "Individual proprietorship"; 1 "Partnership"; and 18 "Corpo- 
rations." 
Revise footnote 4 to read: Includes 1 "Individual proprietorship" and 10 "Corporations." 



Frozen foods — Not analyzed in detail.. 

Seeds (field, garden) 

Miscellaneous farm, marine products.. 

Commodities, n. e. c 

Service receipts. 

Service receipts 

Accessories 

Cooking, food service equipment 

Gasoline (Passaic, N. J.) 



,949. 
,860. 
,612. 
,156. 
,645. 



Illegible.. 
Illegible.. 
Illegible.. 



4,949 

2,860 

5,612 

3,166 

1,645 

36 

lU 

35 

28,676 



Light heating oils (Brazoria, Tex.) 6 Illegible >1,311 

Revise second sentence of footnote 1 to read: See page 38 for definitions of Standard Metropolitan Areas. 



43 



i 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



CONTENTS 

Table Page 

lA Wholesale Establishments and Administrative Offices — United States, by type of operation 

and kind of business, 19'48: Establishments, sales, pay roll, personnel, and stocks 1.02 

IB Wholesale Establishments and Administrative Offices — Geographic division and State^l94-8: 

Establishments, sales, pay roll, personnel, and stocks 1.04 

IC Wholesale Establishments — United States, by type of operation and kind of business, 1948, 

1939, and 1'529: Establishments, sales, expenses, pay roll, and stocks 1.05 

ID Wholesale Establishments — Geographic division and State, 1948, 1939, and 1929: Establish- 
ments, sales, pay roll, personnel, and stocks 1.09 

IE Wholesale Establishments — United States, by type of operation and kind of business, 1948: 

Establishments, sales, expenses, pay roll, personnel, and stocks 1.10 

IF Wholesale Establishments — Type of operation, by geographic division and State, 1948: 

Establishments and sales 1. 18 

IG Merchant wholesalers — Kind of business, by geographic division and State, 1948: Establish- 
ments and sales 1.19 

IH Merchant wholesalers — Kind of business, by selected standard metropolitan areas, 1948: 

Establishments and sales 1 . 25 

P. 0. - 11 - W - F. 0. ;[ 01 



1.02 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



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W *S v4 O t^ 



C tt) 0) C 



_ E 

' c c o 



2-S! 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1.05 



Table 1 C— WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENTS— UNITED STATES, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF BUSINESS: 

1948, 1939, AND 1929 

ESTABUSHMENTS, SALES, EXPENSES, Pay RoLL, PERSONNEL, AND STOCKS 



Type of opention and bnd of busineaa 



Establishments 
(XumbCT) 


Sales, entire year 
{Thouiand dottars) 


Operating 
expenses 
(inc. pay 

roll), 
percent 
of sales 


Pay roll, entire year 
(TIiouMnd dollars) 


Active 
propnctors- 

(Number) 


Paid employees, 
worlcweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 

(T^umber) 


Stocks on hand. 

end of year. 

at cost 

{Thoicsand dollars) 


1948 


19J9 


1929 


1948 


1939 


1929 


1948' 


1939 


1948 


1939 


Nov. 
1948 


1939 


1948 


1939 


1948 


1939 


243,366 


199,726 


168,262 


188,688,801 


54,388,480 


55,739,607 


n.a. 


n.a. 


7,990,713 


2,539,876 


163,490 


U3,466 


2,382,789 


1,505,347 


10,167P05 


3,847,552 


146,518 


100,961 


79,178 


79,766,589 


22,537,832 


29,205,174 


11.6 


13.1 


5,064,331 


1,493,353 


105,823 


71,924 


1,507,990 


948,601 


7,206,834 


2,620,862 


23,768 


17,926 


16,363 


52,738,577 


14,253,509 


16,174,882 


7.4 


10.7 


1,921,654 


565,879 


731 


335 


501,615 


315,083 


1,749,770 


689,251 


15,716 
8,052 


12,844 
5,082 


D.a. 
n.a. 


29,229,717 
23,508,860 


9,610,329 
4,643,280 


n.a 
n.a. 


10.0 
4.3 


12.5 
5.9 


1,501,413 
420,241 


533,930 
131,949 


527 
254 


260 
125 


411,725 
89,890 


267, 514 
47,574 


1,749,770 


639,251 


29,451 
24,361 
19,268 


30,825 
21,083 
28,931 


19,611 
18,467 
34,143 


10,615,650 
34,610,092 
10,957,893 


3,807,908 
11,779,499 
2,509,632 


2,390,213 
14,517,239 
4,452,099 


9.0 
2.6 
6.1 


11.0 
2.3 
9.3 


345,347 
350,148 
308,683 


156,356 
162,692 
106,586 


23,952 
21,820 
10,114 


23,051 
18,503 
19,493 


112,465 
101,650 
159,068 


99,956 

92,522 

149,180 


709,205 

68,329 

432,367 


235,596 
88,724 
213,119 


146,518 


100,961 


79,178 


79,756,589 


22,537,832 


29,205,174 


11.6 


13.1 


5,064,331 


1,493,353 


106,823 


71,924 


1,507,990 


948,601 


7,206,334 


2,620,852 


17,345 


15,681 


15,224 


11,356,738 


3,940,781 


5,336,861 


8.3 


U.3 


549,042 


224,394 


U,739 


11,846 


132j847 


153,704 


890,204 


432,885 


4,265 
2,077 
1,233 
3,507 
6,263 


3,942 
2,089 
1,182 
2,552 
5,916 


5,743 
2,028 
1,316 
2,225 
3,907 


5,799,121 

377,047 

393,662 

1,999,476 

2,787,432 


2,135,736 
132,682 
131,248 
519,593 
971,522 


2,V38,579 
250,008 
205,331 
689,977 

1,302,965 


8.1 

11.9 

15.6 

7.4 

9.7 


9.5 
13.2 
19.9 
U.l 
14.1 


285,414 
24,438 
30,070 
82,098 

127,022 


112,922 
3,051 
12,236 
29,196 
61,939 


2,091 
2,004 
1,U8 
3,500 
5,056 


1,558 
2,004 
981 
2,5C3 
4,800 


94,434 
?,609 
11,167 
25,127 
42,510 


76,516 

7,075 

9,022 

18,771 

42,220 


598,773 
25,086 
16,274 
34,034 

216,037 


300,018 
9,440 
6,601 
10,838 

105, ■988 


13,539 


10,945 


8,972 


7,500,941 


2,110,755 


3,061,240 


11.6 


13.0 


463,551 


132,233 


13,460 


10,296 


155,933 


94,212 


144., 524 


47,466 


6,668 
6,871 


4,559 
6,386 


3;276 
5,696 


4,278;748 
3,222,193 


967,914 
1,142,852 


1,395,853 
1,665,382 


13.0 
9.3 


16.0 
10.5 


305,494 
158,057 


76,339 
55,894 


5,823 
7,637 


3,615 
6,681 


103,476 
52,457 


52;342 

41,370 


92;il9 
52,405 


25:743 
21,723 


7,195 


6^232 


n.a. 


4,069,729 


1,249,164 


n.a. 


10.9 


12.9 


224,362 


73,677 


5,422 


4,507 


63,637 


46,211 


374,745 


121,471 


5,668 
1,527 


4,812 
1,420 


n.a. 
n.a. 


1,550,562 
2,519,167 


502,111 
747,053 


n.a. 

n.a. 


14.2 
3.9 


15.4 
U.3 


106;498 
117,854 


3i;433 
41,739 


4,825 
595 


3,354 
653 


34,467 
29,170 


23,359 
22,352 


70;229 
304,516 


19; 369 
101,602 


4,671 


3,298 


2,376 


2,282j226 


801, 8U 


947,962 


15.8 


17.3 


186j477 


69,096 


2,537 


1,598 


55,042 


40,225 


264,517 


U4,569 


303 


297 


494 


843,870 


363,621 


407,192 


11.9 


13.0 


65,836 


27,504 


37 


39 


22,127 


16,811 


117,350 


56,734 


1,902 
1,189 
1,277 


1,321 
746 
934 


707 
570 
605 


521,476 
690,019 
221,861 


157,190 
200,719 
80,283 


127,766 
283,476 
129,528 


22.4 
13.4 
22.6 


26.5 
15.0 
24.4 


46,810 
45,839 
27,992 


17,525 
14,087 
9,980 


1,338 
518 
744 


774 
321 
464 


14,683 
10,696 
8,536 


11,453 
5,954 
6,008 


61,283 
51,078 
34,896 


20,215 
23,224 
14,395 


3,019 


2,717 


1,721 


2,529,576 


l,106,a5 


353,329 


5.2 


4.9 


75,456 


26,946 


2,743 


2,337 


26,143 


18,785 


U5,743 


49,427 


11,733 


8,275 


7,383 


5,727,719 


1,833,952 


2,317,742 


11.8 


13.1 


346,731 


125,554 


9,294 


6,399 


79,451 


63,986 


672,545 


275,753 


5,133 
162 


4,178 
222 


3,y77 
867 


1,558,536 
457,242 


700,501 
206,983 


1,104,149 
569,532 


14.2 
13.0 


14.4 
15.1 


111,332 
36,360 


49,471 
13,051 


4,490 
67 


3,444 

124 


29,578 
9,822 


27,109 
11,377 


197,197 
58,967 


87,030 
39,928 


5,284 
1,134 


3,244 
631 


2,735 
204 


1,947,793 
1,764,143 


556,301 
425,167 


923,629 
a5,432 


12.2 
8.9 


13.4 
9.7 


117,064 
81,975 


37,963 

21,069 


4,250 
487 


2,544 
287 


27,805 
12,246 


21,142 
9,358 


215,882 
190,499 


84,897 
63,898 


3.813 


2,214 


1,750 


1,314,945 


373,464 


494,777 


16.6 


17.? 


118,352 


33,372 


2,742 


1,448 


32,187 


18,817 


163.240 


70,838 


1,173 


433 


521 


379 ,'730 


61,133 


126,345 


19.9 


20.8 


43,150 


5,322 


314 


237 


11,547 


3,791 


45,772 


9,507 


2,640 


1,781 


1,229 


935,a5 


312,276 


367,931 


15.3 


16.6 


75,202 


27,050 


1,928 


1,211 


20,640 


15,025 


117,468 


61,331 


4,044 


2,898 


2,297 


1,901,747 


574,973 


704,388 


15.5 


17.2 


179,549 


55,490 


2,401 


1,693 


49,067 


31,912 


194,329 


74,566 


2,904 
880 
260 


2,102 
515 
281 


1,645 
427 
225 


1,683,542 
180,867 
32,338 


507,599 
46,551 
20,723 


606,936 
56,592 
30,850 


13.9 
26.5 
33.6 


16.0 
24.0 
33.4 


■144,259 

30,001 

5,389 


45,894 
6,376 
3,220 


1,734 
565 
102 


1,247 
330 
116 


37,221 

10,053 

1,783 


24,932 
4,806 

2,174 


161,033 
27,731 
6,055 


64,245 
5,932 
4,389 


2,594 


2,086 


3,400 


6,903,993 


1,528,706 


3,597,455 


3.6 


5.9 


90,850 


37,871 


2,024 


1,559 


24,568 


27,712 


455,422 


284,679 


14,693 


7,818 


3,451 


4,091,589 


1,055,387 


1,383,057 


17.8 


17.5 


424,534 


100,927 


10,130 


5,236 


136,329 


57,380 


606,650 


141,134 


2,270 


n.a. 


n.a. 


1,450,871 


n.a. 


n.a. 


10.0 


n.a. 


79,398 


n.a. 


1,501 


n.a. 


24,234 


n.a. 


122,055 


n.a. 


12,423 


n.a. 


n.a. 


2,640,718 


n.a. 


n.a. 


22.0 


n.a. 


345,235 


n.a. 


3,529 


n.a. 


112,095 


n.a. 


484,595 


n.a. 


5,443 


3,072 


2,182 


4,424,566 


788,024 


846,589 


12.7 


15.5 


321,918 


71,599 


2,877 


1,555 


90,443 


33,592 


514,871 


83,485 


540 


455 


863 


i;521,874 


300,377 


357,901 


10.2 


13.4 


92,550 


23;635 


33 


49 


26,305 


12,012 


160,193 


26;933 


2,385 


1,162 


433 


354,672 


150,952 


83,117 


16.2 


18.3 


81,426 


15,150 


1,501 


689 


23,151 


8,999 


103,855 


20,087 


2,518 


1,455 


886 


2,033,020 


336,695 


395,571 


13.1 


18.6 


147,942 


32,814 


1,343 


817 


40,992 


17,531 


225,323 


36,410 


5,901 


3,568 


2.953 


3,826,957 


971.975 


1,212,738 


15.4 


18.4 


361,584 


102,030 


3,138 


1,643 


102,740 


62,715 


626.316 


209,776 


2,153 


1,343 


1,249 


2,013,997 


592,000 


714,528 


15.5 


18.4 


203,852 


64,556 


1,259 


607 


59,359 


40,180 


365,191 


146,595 


3,748 


2,225 


1,704 


1,812,960 


379,975 


498,210 


15.1 


18.4 


157,832 


37,474 


1,879 


1,036 


43,381 


22,535 


260,625 


63,181 


5,890 


3,303 


3,774 


3,934,736 


304.392 


1.283,391 


14.0 


15.? 


303,907 


63,029 


2,972 


1,498 


87,064 


37.420 


277,077 


80,303 


3,312 
2,578 


1,670 
1,633 


1,688 
2,086 


2,793,620 
1,141,116 


487,510 
316,782 


772,446 
511,445 


10.8 
22.0 


12.8 
19.0 


168,222 
135,635 


32,070 
30,959 


1,713 
1,259 


son 

690 


47,269 
39,795 


13,138 
19,232 


197,595 
79,431 


46,629 
33,679 


21,430 


U,270 


6,988 


6,731,372 


1,440,371 


1,258,760 


18.0 


20.0 


673,944 


157,193 


13,480 


6,532 


189,617 


89,779 


944,111 


235,155 


4;814 


i;643 


312 


870,025 


135,822 


116,383 


23.9 


23.5 


112,505 


17,570 


3,537 


1,123 


32,722 


11,299 


120,325 


18,504 


936 
883 


404 
319 


252 
208 


786,561 
485,297 


96,556 
59,395 


56,171 
58,351 


16.5 
11.5 


20.1 
16.5 


74,349 
28,558 


10,525 
4,864 


344 
521 


144 
163 


17,332 
3,152 


5,059 
2,855 


132,060 
57,762 


15,902 
7,490 


7,304 
2,596 


4,018 
1,634 


3,G04 
952 


2,999,989 
571,154 


540,936 
172,355 


685,719 
135,188 


16.0 
25.6 


17.3 
23.3 


269,560 
83,750 


61,028 
29,535 


3,973 
1,480 


1,991 
765 


72,763 
29,198 


33,137 
17,972 


401,110 
90,334 


104,720 
32,833 


4,240 


3,008 


1,574 


767,142 


268,725 


166,402 


19.0 


20.1 


75,540 


27,403 


3,312 


2,256 


23,057 


16,882 


111,313 


47,452 


657 


244 


136 


251,204 


65,082 


50,546 


19.7 


17.9 


24,471 


6,063 


313 


89 


5,893 


2,564 


30,707 


9,254 



United States, total 

T ype of Operation 

Merchant wholesalers 

Manufacturers' sales branches, 
offices, total 

Sales branches (vlth stocks)..... 
Sales offices (without stocks)... 

Petroleum buUi stations, terminals. 

Agents, brokers 

Aaaemblers (mainly farm products).. 

T^pe by Kind of Business 

Merchant wholesalers , total 

Groceries, confectionery, meats.. 

Groceries (general line) 

Confectionery 

Fish, sea foods 

Meats , meat products 

Other grocery, food specialties 

Farm products (edible) 

Dairy, poultry products 

Fruits, vegetables (fresh) 

Beer, wines, distilled spirits... 

Beer, ale 

Wines, distilled spirits 

Dru£S, chemicals, allied products 

Drugs (general line) 

Drugs, drug sundries (specialty 

lines) 

Industrial chemicals, explosives 
Paints, varnishes 

■ Tobacco and products (exc. leaf). 

Dry goods , apparel 

Clothing , furnishings , footwear 

Dry goods (general line) 

Dry goods specialties, piece 

goods, notions 

Piece goods converters 

Furniture , home furnishings 

Furniture (household, office),. 
Home furnishings, floor cover- 
ings 

Paper and its products 

Paper (exc. stationery and 

wallpaper ) 

Stationery, office supplies.... 
Wallpaper 

Farm products (raw materials).... 

Automotive 

AutoDobiles, other motor 

vehicles 

Autonotive equipment, tires 

and tubes 

Electrical goods 

Electrical goods (general line) 
Wiring supplies, construction 
materials, apparatus, and 

equipment 

Electrical appliances, 
specialties 

Hardware, pluniblng, heating 

Hardware 

Plumbing, heating equipment, 
supplies 

Lumber, construction materials... 
Lumber, millwork 

Other construction materials... 

Machinery, equipment, supplies... 
Commercial machines, equipment. 
Construction machinery, 

equipment 

Farm-dairy machinery, equipment 
Industrial machinery, equipment, 

supplies 

Professional equipment, supplies 
Service establishment equipmentj 

supplies 

Transportation (exc . automotive } 

equipment, supplies 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1.06 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 1 C— WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENTS— UNITED STATES, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF BUSINESS: 

1948, 1939, AND 1929— Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Expenses, Pay Roll, Personnel, and Stocks 



Type of operation and land of business 



Establishments 
(Number) 



1948 1939 



1929 



Sales, entire year 
(Tfiousdml dollars) 



1939 



1929 



Operating 
expenses 
(inc. pay 

roU), 
percent 
of sales 



194S' 1939 



Pay roll, entire year 
{Thousarui dolldrs) 



1948 



1939 



Active 
proprietors* 

(Number) 



Nov. 
1948 



I^d employees, 
woricweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 

(Number) 



Stocks on hand. 

end of year, 

at cost 

(Thousand dollars) 



1948 



Type by Kind of Business — Con . 

Merchant wholesalers — Con. 

Metals, metal work (exc. scrap).. 

Iron, steel and products 

Nonferrous [netals, raetal work,. 

Waste materials 

Iron, steel scrap 

Other scrap, waste materials... 

Other merchant wholesalers 

Amusement, sporting goods 

Books, periodicals, newspapers. 

Coal , coke 

Farm supplies 

Jewelry 

Petroleum and products 

Merchant wholesalers, miscella- 
neous products 

Manufacturers ' sales branches 
(with stocks ) , total 

Groceries, confectionery, meats.. 

Confectionery 

Meats , meat products 

Other grocery, food specialties 

Dairy, poultry products 

fleer, wines, distilled spirits... 

Beer, ale 

Wines, distilled spirits 

Drugs, chemicals, allied products. 

Drugs, drug sundries 

Industrial chemicals, explosives 
Paints, varnishes 

Tobacco and products (exc. leaf). 

Dry goods, apparel 

Clothing, furnishings, footwear 
Dry goods, piece goods, notions. 

Furniture, home furnishings 

Furniture (household, office),. 
Home furnishings, floor 
coverings 

Paper and its products 

Stationery, office supplies..,. 

Other paper products 

Automotive equipment, tires 
and tubes 

Electrical goods 

Wiring supplies, construction 
materials, apparatus, and 

equipment 

Electrical appliances, 
specialties 

Hardware, plumbing, heating 

Hardware 

Plumbing, heating equipment, 
supplies 

Lumber, construction materials., , 
Lumber, millwork 

Other construction materials... 

Machinery, equipment, supplies... 

Commercial machines, equipment. 

Construction machinery, 
equipment 

Farm-dairy machinery, equipment 

Industrial machinery, equipment 
supplies 

Professional equipment, supplies 

Service establishment equip- 
ment, supplies 

Transportation (exc. automotive 
equipment, supplies 

Metals, metal work (exc. scrap).. 

Iron, steel and products 

Nonferrous metals, metal work.. 

Other manufacturers' sales 

branches 

Amusement, sporting goods 

Books, periodicals, newspapers. 

Coal, coke 

Farm supplies 

Jewelry 

Petroleum and products 

Manufacturers' sales branches, 
miscellaneous products 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,545 
258 



1,017 



3,054 
4,663 



15,688 



853 
164 



6,059 



2,226 
1,601 
982 
1,653 
3,391 
1,196 

4,634 
15,716 



1,869 
4,190 



10,508 



~530 
276 



3,919 



2,056,715 



1,128 
866 
919 
1,477 
1,805 
1,275 

3,038 



12,844 



600 
3,319 



11,932 



1,551,841 
504,874 



2,699,300 



304,440 
211,535 



672,581 



278,023 
394,558 



13.7 

7.2 



16.6 
2 



137,293 



Tgr 

421 

824 

1,153 

1,666 

3,114 

4,158 



1,699,428 
999,872 

8,413,740 



3,138 

EST 

734 
2,271 



2,592 

55" 

924 
1,612 



196 
58 



1,426 
2!^ 



320 
39 



478 
699 



237 
334 
329 



196 
220 



297 
213 



217 

159 
305 



121 



700 
669 



121 
164 
317 



192 



216 
630 



520 
457 



ITS" 

339 

4,347 



519 
353 



74 
279 



57 
285 



1,785 
595 



398 
104 



1,248 



1,017 



26 
328 



1,348 
570 



10 
481 



391 
90 



173 
75 



119 
62 



122 
31 



566,754 
459,950 
2,077,284 
1,271,599 
799,012 
750,220 

2,438,921 
29,229,717 



334,136 
321,864 

2,630,874 



124,479 
158,572 
512,835 
333,844 
234,054 
196,734 

1,060,356 



207,759 
266,694 



4,094,250 



9.5 

15.5 



9.9 



12.7 
16.8 



11.2 



116,112 
21,181 

167,546 



27,137 
5,483 



90,239 
127,546 
679,103 
589,695 
355,036 
723,968 



17.2 
18.0 
4.2 
9.0 
15.1 
.6 

10.5 



20.2 
18.2 
8.1 
13.6 
17.6 
12.3 

8.0 



85,058 
82,488 

438,965 



18,949 
'27,091 

144,232 



725 
102 

7,410 



2,744 
4,666 



11.477 



409 
70 

5,956 



33,558 



1,741 
4,215 

7,332 



28,516 
5,052 

59,817 



6,802,136 



355,338 
2,770,342 
3,676,456 

880,074 

748,345 



219,775 
528,571 

2,328,669 



61,001 
1,076,480 
1,195,825 



274,265 



502,833 
1,472,119 
353,717 

797,902 



81,587 
192,673 

753,232 



202,097 
381,767 
174,368 



384,498 
1,188,731 

534.135 



300,302 
210,082 

131.525 



170,008 
364,127 
192.336 



60,530 
131,706 



1,571,876 
2,727,808 



26,221 

105,404 
177,454 



14,047 
163,407 



211,091 
664,527 



23,346 
276,045 



586,477 
613,076 



130,829 
482,247 



251,633 
233,475 



33,603 
204,872 

1.044.245 



45,807 
1,299,152 

1,811,835 
147,522 

263,023 

93,877 
1,155,375 



150,763 

11,975 
290,972 

399,688 
75,352 

111,438 

4,057 
459,922 



813,009 
352,367 



356,849 
103,073 



233,129 
74,643 
88,171 

204,453 
51,110 
24,180 

3,503,217 



94,315 
30,871 
6,461 
52,472 
53,473 
21,262 



50,044 
51,837 
46,303 
58,936 
62,943 
30,807 

138,095 



.501,413 



12,322 
17,383 
19,667 
19,784 
19,741 
11,525 

43,805 
533,930 



1,742 
1,040 

261 
1,146 
3,183 

705 

3,400 



800 
497 
293 
1,075 
1,554 
317 

2,285 



27,981 
31,836 

138,532 



14,507 
2,519 

46,423 



192,446 



156,207 
36,239 



17,302 
23,621 



88, 501 



16,094 
22,449 
11,311 
20,7X 
16,506 
8,322 

42,515 



8,030 
12,635 

9,702 
14,431 
10,170 

6,799 

26,734 
267,514 



52,608 

50,470 



655,911 



71,398 
28,049 
64,630 
89,965 
156,782 
34,060 

211,027 
,749.770 



12.0 
4.2 
8.3 



13.9 
5.8 

14.9 



212,553 



17.3 
7.4 



22.3 
17.7 



14,924 
55,731 
131,908 



32,165 



104,219 



21.6 

.7 
18.8 



3. 
10.5 
4.9 



27.6 
12.3 
20.4 



U.3. 
13.0 
11.2 



22,106 
10,059 

125,270 



2,502 
39,510 
62,107 



15,532 



46,609 
48,002 
30,659 

7,896 

54.877 
22,854 
32,013 

29,097 



6,787 
8,745 

51,432 



4,210 
22,769 
38,887 



8.378 



59,154 



25,373 
32,332 

5,554 

6,487 



231,804 



6,276 
2,102 



is; 269 
13,168 
14,995 

8,437 

31.197 



3,433 
3,054 



22,879 



15,820 
70,576 
U5,408 

32,932 

22.607 



18,161 
13,036 



12,404 

10,512 

8,809 

2,460 

11,453 



8,757 
6,838 
7,234 

4,059 

13.917 



3,513 
19,094 



147,892 



43,614 
62,824 
41,454 

25,368 

121.826 



4,766 
6,637 

7,358 



13,511 
15,586 
18,155 



21.8 
12.8 



10.8 
9.0 



27.7 
15.5 



8,255 
9,909 



91,097 
170,411 



2,321 

6,313 

12,133 



2,185 
9 



3,285 
4,073 
5,118 



8,158 
5,749 

3.961 



41,017 
80,809 



2,3.40 
2,773 



29,503 
45,952 



1,219 
2,742 
6,173 



7,922 

14,581 
20,475 



n.a. 
12,603 



6,591 
13,884 

228,437 
122,878 



9.3 
13.0 



19.8 
15.9 



160,425 

9,986 
50,493 



12.5 
16.6 



15.5 
14.1 



11.6 
13.0 



16.9 
13.6 



8,150 

42,343 
56,085 



26,823 

2,451 



21,207 



2,728 

18,479 
13,350 



42,984 

2,958 
13,773 



11,399 

1,209 
11.946 



102,659 
20,219 
54,732 



1,509 

12,169 
15.786 



7,036 
49,049 

390,724 



14.5 
6.0 



11.4 
25.5 



16.5 
8.5 



10.2 
15.6 



15.8 
26.9 



23.2 
8.2 



175,338 

3,012 
45,368 

115,511 
23,954 

17,328 

8,163 
50.500 



2,053 
15,282 

114.373 



1,785 
14,000 



1,495 

10,451 
9,821 



1,314 
8,507 

57 .785 



7,954 

46,758 
53,217 



19,915 
33,302 

344.309 



9.1 



770 
22,632 



34,428 
11,525 



500 
19.492 



13.0 
34.5 
3.5 
9.2 
20.4 
11.6 

3.2 



12.2 
36.8 
19.3 

13.7 
7.5 
21.6 



41,735 
8,765 



151,093 



16,124 
3,368 



670 
13,828 



29,390 
8,094 



2,038 
13.233 



10,829 
2,404 



43.357 



257 
12,394 

15,349 
6,882 

5,517 

192 
10.025 



8,411 
1,514 



50,186 

5,945 
112,645 

115,279 
22,649 

18,717 

18,888 
107.943 



20,154 
9,790 
1,708 
3,499 
5,693 
1,519 

103,530 



6,250 
5,300 
455 
2,723 
2,133 
2,236 



5,500 
3,782 

401 
2,480 
1,250 

404 

28,540 



3,570 

2,591 

224 

1,444 

943 

885 



76,971 
30,972 



212.847 



29,357 
7,333 
7,034 
7,939 
5,042 
1,996 

153,596 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1.07 



Table 1 C— WHOLRSALE ESTABLISHMENTS— UNITED STATES, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF BUSINESS: 

1948, 1939, AND 1929— Continued 
Es^ABusHME^^^s, Sales, Expenses. Pay Roll, Personnel, and Stocks 



Type dt operation and land of business 



Establishments 
Wumbei-) 



1948 1939 



Sales, entire year 
(Tlumsdml doWars) 



1948 



1939 



Operating 
expenses 

(inc. pay 

roll), 
percent 
of sales 



194* 1939 



Pay roll, entire year 
(Thoiuarui dollars) 



1948 



1939 



Active 
propnetors * 

(>iumb<T) 



Nov. 
1948 



Paid employees, 
workweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 

dumber) 



Stocks on hand, 

end of year, 

at cost 

(Thouiand dollars) 



1948 



Type by Kind of Business — Con. 

Manufacturers' sales offices 

(without stocks), total 

Groceries, confectionery, meats 

Confectionery 

Meats, meat products 

Other grocery, food specialties 

Dairy, poultry products 

Beer, wines, distilled spirits. . . 

Drugs, chemicals, allied products 

Drugs, drug sundries 

Industrial chemicals, explosives 
Paints, varnishes 

Tobacco and products {exc. leaf) 

Dry goods , apparel 

Clothing, furnishings, footwear 
Dry goods, pi£ce goods, notions. 

Furniture, home furnishings 

Furniture (household, office).. 
Home furnishings, floor 
coverings 

Paper and its products 

Fine paper 

Stationery, office supplies.... 
Other paper products 

Automotive equipment, tires 
and tubes 

Electrical goods 

Wiring supplies, construction 
materials, apparatus, and 
equipment 

Electrical appliances, 
specialties 

Hardware, plumbing, heating 

Hardware 

Plumbing, heating equipment 
supplies 

Lumber, construction materials... 

Lumber, millwork 

Other construction materials... 

Machinery, equipment, supplies... 

Commercial machines, equipment.. 

Construction machinery, 
equipment 

Farm-dairy machinery, equipment. 

Industrial machinery, equip- 
ment, supplies 

Professional equipment, supplies 

Service establishment equip- 
ment, supplies 

Transportation (exc. automotive) 
equipment, supplies 

Metals, metal work (exc. scrap).. 

Iron, steel and products 

Nonferrous metals, metal work.. 

Jther manufacturers ' sales offices 

Amusement, sporting goods 

Books, periodicals, newspapers. 

Coal, coke 

Farm supplies 

Jewelry 

Manufacturers' sales offices, 
miscellaneous products 

Agents, brokers, total 

Groceries, confectionery, meats.. 
Groceries, foods (exc. as 

specified 1 

Confectionery 

Fish, sea foods 

Meats, meat products 

Farm products (edible ) 

Dairy, poultry products 

Fruits, vegetables (fresh) 

Beer, wines, distilled spirits... 

Beer, ale 

Wines, distilled spirits 

Drugs, chemicals, allied products. 

Drugs, drug sundries 

Industrial chemicals, explosives 
Paints, varnishes. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



8.052 
376" 



5.082 

eitf 



13 

22 

336 

16 
101 



16 
790 



78 
291 



54 
124 

57 



318 
294 



241 
131 



25 
338 
405 



29 
93 
187 



556 
101 



189 
63 



55 

210 



1,903. 

330 



1,255 
81 



51 
283 



1,106 



652 

57 



729 

218 



455 

75 



64 
127 



3,171 



2,883 

147 

58 

83 

1,155 



195 
960 



182 
251 
66 



2,733 



2.3.508.860 
1,165,153 



69,686 

39,166 

1,056,301 

74,049 
982,848 

1,297,271 



4^643,280 
346,375 



139, 6f7 
974,573 
133,031 



1,401.729 



2,199 

U,331 

329,345 

21,682 
132,530 

299.150 



459,732 
941,997 

363.769 



50,153 

219,256 

29,741 



341,970 



121,306 
220,664 

67,840 



344,649 
1,211,165 



58,752 
139,321 
1,013,092 



268,091 
1,646,670 



63,441 
187,434 



29,794 

12,085 

145,555 



60,046 



925,223 
721,447 
537,222 



171,363 
46,395 



71,544 

465,668 

1,079,366 



81,907 
997,459 

2,562,915 



260,790 



84,027 

63,220 
210,823 

1,915,550 
67,382 

22,641 

193,767 

6.254.806 



17,659 
243,131 

509,441 



5,410,524 
344,232 

3,766,706 



8,074 
42 

344,337 
3,964 

20,442 

110,467 

1.647.674 



138,637 
54,431 
361,539 
114,755 
44,823 



34,610,092 



1,395,969 
251,705 

212,850 



U,749 
U,337 
16,199 
11,696 
9,569 

143, XO 

11,779,499 



6.9 

17.5 



420,241 
28,398 



131^949 
15,968 



^575- 

5.9 

17.9 

10.2 
13.4 



1,056 

578 

25,794 

1,965 
14,033 



13.0 

10.3 



22.3 
15.0 
22 



10.1 
5.4 



9,893 
30,739 
5,712 



40,333 



— mr 

381 
15,477 

548 
4,541 

14,173 



254 
3 



125 
3 



89,890 
7,933 



2,985 
8,906 
2,282 

2,131 

12,519 



287 

157 

7,489 

581 
2,894 

12,264 



47j574 

7,i;9 



33 
155 
7,001 

270 
1,636 



19,671 
20,662 



XT 



6,440 
6,079 

2,878 



2,140 
3,728 
1,396 

1,375 

7,098 



3,521 
3,577 

2,092 



1,059 

3,253 

325 



4,219 



2,173 
2,046 

982 



4.0 
20.5 
4.3 



3.7 

U.5 

5.3 



9,304 
43,506 



1,172 
23,402 
18,932 



8,052 
20,164 



2,495 
6,442 



170 
1,922 
8,403 



594 
1,140 
4,703 



2,168 
5,475 



172 
4,545 
3,691 



2,029 
3,873 



150 

832 

2,016 



170 

422 

1,424 



344 
1,738 



12.1 
"XT 



14,971 

5,193 

13,083 



2,078 
11,005 

30,205 



4,290 
1,185 
3,494 



713 

2,781 

12,777 



3,033 
840 
2,968 



806 
2,162 
6,544 



1,419 

319 

1,378 



232 
1,U6 
4,449 



13.8 

10.3 



1,913 
28,292 



69,321 



U.7 

a.4 



3.0 
17.1 



11.7 
5.3 

2.1 



14,563 

1,605 
3,281 

44,392 
2,609 

862 

2,004 



1,137 
11,640 



22,012 



326 
6,218 



2,309 

607 
5 

14,679 
379 

1,320 

2,713 

19.077 



2.7 



3.0 



38,364 
10,686 



39,318 



15,655 
3,422 



7,746 



3,103 



263 

737 



8,847 
516 



9.732 



474 
3,975 



7,751 



1,199 

255 
2 

4,911 
175 

523 

636 
6.022 



5.3 
10.8 
2.2 
6.7 
5.6 

2.4 



12.8 
13.3 
2.8 
7.1 
6.6 

7.4 



14,517,239 



3,412 
3,933 
3,464 
2,362 
1,795 

24,352 

350,148 



858 
1,538 
245 
422 
446 

4,187 

162,692 



7,161 
2,571 



7,592 



1 

1 
3 

12 

21,820 



3 

18,603 



643 
70O 
677 
570 
233 

4,769 

101,550 



4,967 
1,055 



2,361 



301 
942 
53 
139 
105 

1,316 

92,522 



88,724 



2,296 



5,487,102 



2,109,490 



2,331,805 



45,285 



19,123 



2,933 



2,422 



10,962 



9,002 



12,638 



2,514 
65 
70 
84 

1,426 



1,961 
94 
111 
130 

1,721 



,740,299 

100,226 

32,460 

614,117 



1,966,086 
15,978 
U,S11 
115,615 

1,039,557 



2,139,340 

13,165 

34,030 

145,270 



284 
1,142 



340 
1,381 



387,457 
1,390,914 



11,839 
52,349 



273,775 
765,782 



30.051 



147 

241 
90 



265 
238 

65 



90,155 
270,335 
32,158 



4,316 
25,735 



150,792 



34,546 

101,593 

14,648 



42,354 

1,221 

616 

1,094 

25,069 



2,523 
22,546 



17,974 
215 
362 

572 

17,850 



2,639 

160 
49 
90 

933 



3,577 
14,273 



161 
772 



2,224 

60 
53 
85 

1,113 



178 
935 



10,258 
304 
165 
235 

7,440 



n.a. 
102 
196 
279 



786 
6,654 



8,551 

34 

376 

41 

3,W0 | 



11,935 

2 

73 

628 

5.749 



124 
603 



60 
411 



36 
135 



n.a. 
n.a 



_2fi2 



705 
2,935 



3,788 
1,961 



136 
424 



165,395 
12,591 



2,332 

4,409 

540 



1,518 

2,213 

296 



168 
54 



"TIT 
173 
69 



-5?2 
842 
141 



934 
46 



RT 

1,120 
116 



1,519 



1,093 
34 



1.08 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 1 C— WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENTS— UNITED STATES, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF BUSINESS: 

1948, 1939, AND 1929— Continued 
Establishments, Sales, Expenses, Pay Roll, Personnel, and Stocks 



Type cf operation and kind of buainess 


EsUbliabmenta 
(>(umbCT) 


Sales, entire year 
(Thousand dollars) 


Operating 
expensea 
(inc. pay 

roll), 
percent 
of sales 


Pay roll, entire year 
(Thousand dollars) 


Active 
propnctorsf 

(Number) 


1 

Paid employees, 
v^orkweek ended 
nearest Nov. 15 

(Humbcr) 


Stocks on hand, 

end of year, 

at cost 

(Thousand dollars) 




1948 


1939 


1929 


1948 


19J9 


1929 


1948' 


1939 


1948 


1939 


Nov. 
1948 


1939 


1948 


19S9 


1948 


1939 


Type by Kind of BuslnesS"Con. 
Agents, brckers^Continued 

Tobacco and products (exc. leaf). 
Dry goods, apparel 


19 
3.293 


25 
2,906 


32 
2,141 


5,520 
5,497,338 


16,135 
2,092,200 


4,202 
2,119,502 


3.9 
3.? 


3.6 
2.5 


54 
63,214 


207 
29,340 


20 
3,090 


32 
2,791 


20 
12A17 


78 
11,357 


21 
8,143 


124 
6,447 


Clothing, furnishings, footwear. 

Dry goods (general line) ,. . 

Dry goods, specialties, piece 


1,838 
392 

1,063 

1,045 


1,409 
27 

1,470 

739 


969 

167 

1,005 
679 


1,649,119 
625,591 

3,223,123 

469,963 


439;3S9 
219,694 

1,433,117 

100,956 


411,916 
273,869 

1,433,717 

161,650 


3.2 
2.3 

3.3 

5.9 


3.2 

1.0 

2.6 
6.5 


19,273 
4,660 

39,231 

9j337 


6,987 
1,474 

20,379 

3j206 


1,846 
360 

884 

984 


1,375 
24 

■ 1,392 

713 


4,811 
1,196 

6,110 

2,221 


3,728 
713 

6,916 

1,807 


1,407 
353 

6,378 

991 


1,075 

105 


Furniture, home furnishings 


682 


Furniture (household, office).. 
Home furnishings, floor 


484 
561 
407 


259 
530 
470 


311 
363 
336 


204,345 
265,618 
251,077 


35,424 
65,532 
93,607 


77,073 
84,577 
99j334 


6.4 
5.6 
4.2 


7.4 
6.1 
5.1 


3,964 
5,373 
3,904 


1,328 
1,378 
2,694 


460 
524 
340 


240 
473 
362 


896 
1,325 

878 


723 
1,079 
1,132 


329 
662 
512 


332 


Paper and its products 


777 


Stationery, office supplies.... 


105 
302 

3,744 

556 


169 
301 

3,135 

331 


130 
206 

2,518 

393 


25,076 
226,001 

11,739,902 

459,614 


9,0X 
89,573 

3,206,134 

121,426 


9,662 
89,722 

n.a. 

123,187 


7.3 
3.9 

1.2 

4.8 


11.3 
4.5 

1.7 

3.0 


799 
3,105 

58,237 

8,167 


552 
2,142 

26,568 

1,356 


98 
242 

3,705 

489 


142 
220 

3,376 

■ 289 


223 
655 

35,492 

1,823 


323 

309 

n.a. 
862 


219 
293 

18,133 

802 


92 


Farm products (raw materials).... 
Automotive 


37,397 

648 




62 

494 

1,312 


31 

300 
837 


20 
373 

711 


86,535 

373,079 
683,553 


16,965 

104,461 
130,532 


9,878 

113,309 

n.a. 


2.2 
5.3 
6.2 


2.3 

3.0 
5.4 


791 
7,376 
13,970 


282 

1,574 
3,342 


57 

432 
1,207 


13 

276 
737 


252 

1,571 
3,236 


169 

693 

2^021 


233 

569 

1,872 




Automotive equipment, tires 


576 


Electrical goods 


880 


Wiring supplies, apparatus 

Electrical appliances, 


945 

367 

1,236 


344 
453 

904 


n.a. 
n.a. 

750 


477; 298 
206,255 
468,431 


68,627 
61,905 

115,060 


n.a. 

n.a. 
121,861 


6.4 
5.7 

7.2 


5.5 
5.3 
5.9 


10,204 
3,766 
12,985 


1,831 
1,511 
3,206 


867 

340 

1,136 


321 
416 
311 


2,307 

929 

2,982 


957 
1,064 
1,872 


1,494 

378 

2,191 


344 


Hardware, plumbing, heating 


935 




497 
739 
738 


392 
512 
944 


344 
406 
952 


227; 178 
241,253 
539,236 


6i;860 

53,200 

213,760 


7i;633 

50,228 

369 , 512 


6.2 
8.2 

4.7 


4.7 
7.3 
5.1 


4,732 
8,203 
7,888 


1,365 
1,841 
4,928 


470 
666 
654 


361 
450 
752 


1,168 
1,814 

1,901 


784 
1,083 
2,237 


487 
1,704 
2,260 




Plumbing, heating equipment. 


626 
709 


Lumber, construction materials.. . 




528 
260 

3,365 


538 
406 

3,061 


482 

470 

2,355 


432,518 

106,768 

1,422,424 


164,629 
49,131 

441,608 


280,706 
88,806 

468,663 


4.1 
7.0 

6.6 


4.4 
7.4 

3.9 


4,786 
3,102 

38,669 


3,118 
1,810 

19,373 


439 
215 

2,841 


429 
323 

2,521 


1,073 
828 

3,525 


1,343 
939 

9,264 


1,768 
492 

7,966 


374 
335 

6,520 


Other construction materials . . . 
Machinery, equipment, supplies... 


Commercial machines, equipment. 
Construction machinery. 


33* 

82 
64 

2,191 
109 

380 

200 

743 


664 

90 
71 

1,632 
115 

295 

194 

608 


347 

150 
49 

1,411 
78 

156 

164 
417 


75,933 

23,603 
28,993 

827,266 
22,124 

258,169 

181,331 

726,293 


46,009 

16,597 
5,056 

236,197 

13,161 

88,748 

35,840 

359,125 


34,524 

33,043 
7,877 

264,332 
7,875 

39,753 

81,264 

615,443 


8.5 

7.8 
5.7 

7.8 
7.9 

4.0 

4.0 

3.4 


23.5 

6.2 
10.2 

6.3 

6.5 

3.4 
6.7 
2.1 


3,068 

1,227 
314 

26,480 
699 

3,606 

2,775 

. 8,577 


7,158 

528 
268 

3,305 
414 

1,519 

1,181 

3.990 


302 

54 
48 

1,867 
86 

344 

140 

608 


439 

74 

67 

1,413 
111 

265 

147 

522 


956 

259 

176 

5,639 
200 

757 

538 

1,843 


3,636 

235 

157 

3,821 

279 

&48 

438 

1,744 


868 

552 
353 

4,951 
109 

366 

267 

1,089 


2,849 
259 


Farm-dairy machinery, equipment 
Industrial machinery, equipment. 


90 

2,575 
259 

303 


Professional equipment, supplies 
Service establishment equip- 


Transportation (exc. automotive) 


Metals, metal work (exc. scrap).. 


3,135 


Iron, steel and products 

Nonferrous metals, metal work.. 

Waste materials 


633 

105 

90 


484 
124 

121 


319 
98 

73 


542,949 
183,344 

200,562 


215,644 
143,481 

74,181 


237,063 
378,380 

73,255 


3.9 
1.9 

3.5 


2.3 
1.1 

4.1 


7,171 
1,406 

3,227 


3,098 
892 

1,152 


522 

86 

50 


418 
104 

82 


1,578 
265 

557 


1,386 
358 

356 


899 
190 

532 


2,447 
638 

1,266 




50 

40 

2,841 


51 

70 

2,213 


42 
36 

2,520 


164,613 
35,949 

4,423,321 


50,736 
23,445 

1,479,885 


49,010 
24,245 

n.a. 


3.2 
4.9 

2.6 


4.4 
3.3 

3.0 


2,3U 
914 

43,507 


818 
334 

21,354 


34 
16 

2,334 


25 
57 

1,645 


X8 
209 

9,857 


222 
134 

n.a. 


461 
71 

9,633 




Other scrap, waste materials... 


713 






Amusement, sporting goods 

Books, periodicals, newspapers. 


336 
118 
201 
220 
369 
124 

1,473 
19,268 


I8l 
79 
305 
202 

210 
146 

1,090 
28,931 


161 

83 

433 

260 

175 
152 

1,256 
34,143 


149,937 
57,732 
655,757 
457,339 
121,966 
373,605 

2,606,935 
10^957,393 


19,613 
13,299 
404,269 
108,973 
13,737 
91,930 

313,064 
2,509,632 


32,009 
29,513 
362,558 
165,223 
24,521 
55,083 

n.a. 
4,452,099 


6.4 

11.6 
2.9 
1.6 
4.2 
1.9 

2.2 
6.1 


7.0 
10.7 
4.4 
2.4 
4.9 
2.3 

2.1 
9.3 


3,305 
2,839 
7,247 
3,316 
354 
2,432 

23,514 
308,633 


578 
917 

8,265 

1,374 

320 

1,128 

8,772 
106,586 


316 
112 

80 
173 
389 

74 

1,240 
10,114 


166 
62 

77 
145 
204 

83 

903 
19,493 


762 
989 
1,289 
776 
237 
401 

5,403 
159,063 


311 
617 
2,794 
n.a. 
159 
394 

3,920 
149,130 


420 
160 
428 
1,309 
3,210 
173 

3,933 
432,367 


360 
40 








221 

78 




Agents and brokers, 
miscellaneous products 

Assemblers (mainly farm products), 
total 


4,391 
2U,119 






591 

253 

3,939 

2,137 

11,939 

384 

25 


580 

230 

9,091 

2,902 

15,595 

478 


17 

246 

5,617 

3,809 

23,311 

407 

236 


118,225 

206,617 

1,618,011 

1,102,332 

7,756,809 

151,167 

4,232 


30,371 

38,037 

446,168 

393,459 

1,563,840 

34,418 

3,339 


694 
30,701 
558,891 
603,182 
3,215,760 
35,297 

7,574 


23.5 
13.4 
7.1 
23.0 
2.9 
9.3 

13.9 


23.1 
13.5 

9.4 
23.3 

5.3 
10.0 

13.4 


14,347 
12,920 
51,525 
121,800 
101,172 
6,630 

289 


4,440 
2,351 
17,604 
43,752 
36,766 
1,381 

292 


501 

125 

2,756 

1,352 

5,114 

246 

20 


631 

167 

7,567 

1,877 

8,776 

444 

31 


12,364 
11,576 
23,977 
64,843 
43,371 
2,755 

177 


11,407 
n.a. 
n.a. 
n.a. 
n.a. 
n.a. 

238 


3,859 
21,430 
36,277 

33,777 

326,753 

9,809 

462 


1,285 
6,541 
6,342 
12,916 
181,342 
3,777 

416 


Other grocery, food specialties.. 


Fruits, vegetables (fresh) 

Farm products (raw materials) 


Assemblers, miscellaneous 





« Proprietors of unincorporated businesses, 
n.a. Not available or not applicable. 

Entries for agents and brokers represent brokerage or commission received as a percent of sales entire year. 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1.09 






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WHOLESALE TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 1 E.-WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENTS-UNITED STATES, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948 

Establishments, Sales, Expenses, Pay Roll, Personnel, and Stocks 



Typ« of opcndon and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



{>(uTnb<T) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 

{Thousand 
dollars) 



Operating expenses 
(inc. pay toUf 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Pa- 

cent 

of 

sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



propne- 
tors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(T^um- 
ber) 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest — 



Pay roU, workweek ended nearest - 



March 15 
(Number) 



July 15 

(Number) 



Nov. 15 
(Number) 



March 15 
(Dollart) 



July 15 
(Dollar.) 



Nov. 15 
(Dollars) 



Stocks on 
hand, end 
of year, 

at cost 

(Thousartd 
dollars) 



United States, total 

Type of Operation 

Merchant wholesalers, total 

Service wholesalers (domestic market) ; 

Vholesale merchants, jobbers 

Converters ( textile) 

Industrial distributors 

Foreign trade merchants: 

Exporters 

Importers 

Lljnlted-functlon wholesalers: 

Cash-carry wholesalers 

Drop or direct-mill shippers 

Wagon, truck distributors 

Retailer-cooperative warehouses 

Manufacturers' sales branches, offices, total.. 

Sales branches (with stocks) 

Sales offices (without stocks) 

Petroleum bulk stations, terminals, total 

Independent bulk stations 

Commission stations , 

Salary, salary-commission stations 

Cooperative bulk stations 

Distributing terminals 

Agents, brokers, total 

Auction companies 

Brokers (merchandise) : 

Representing sellers 

Representing buyers 

Connnisslon merchants 

Export agents 

Import agents 

Manufacturers' agents: 

With stocks 

Without stocks 

Selling agents 

Purchasing agents, resident buyers 

Cooperative buying agencies 

Cooperative sales agencies 

Assemblers (mainly farm products), total 

Assemblers (dealing oir own account) 

Coimi ssion buyers. 

Cooperative marketing associations 

Cream stations 

Country grain elevators: 

Independent. 

Line 

Cooperative 

Packers, shippers 

Type by Kind of Business 

Merchant wholesalers, total 

Groceries, confectionery, meats: 

Groceries (general line) 

Not sponsoring cooperative voluntary groups 

Voluntary group wholesalers 

Retailer-cooperative warehouses 

Cash-carry depots. 

Institutional wholesalers 

Confectionery 

Fish, sea foods 

Meats, meat products 

Other grocery, food specialties 

Canned foods 

Coffee, tea, spices 

Dried fruits, nuts 

Flour 

Frosted, frosen foods 

Miscellaneous grocery specialties 

Farm products (edible) : 

Dairy, poultry products 

Fruits, vegetables (fresh) 

Beer, wines, distilled spirits: 

Beer, ale 

Wines , distiXl,ed spirits 

See footnotes at end of table. 



2/43,366 



M8,6a3,301 



7,993,713 



163,490 



2,284,794 



2,339,139 



2,382,789 



143,157,318 



148,783,558 



10,167,005 



146,518 



79,766,589 



9^86,353 



5/)64,381 



1/48,231 



1)492,333 



1,507,990 



89,147,584 



93,342,186 



95,651,971 



7,206,834 



133,123 
1,134 
1,948 



3,596 
2,203 



1,142 

1,769 

1,343 

260 

23,768 



64,469,433 8,056,272 
1,764,143 157,546 
2,814,459 396,544 



3,906,484 
2,817,100 



364,219 

2,781,999 

181,256 

667,496 

52,738,577 



15,716 
8,052 



29,451 



29,229,717 
23,508,860 



10,615,650 



7,417 
16,292 
3,937 
1,061 
744 

24,361 



1,814,677 
2,572,570 
3,606,394 
171,569 
2,450,440 

34,610,092 



5,042 
770 

2,403 

1,135 

308 



1,423 
7,625 

3,517 
213 
23 

174 

19,268 



2,879,415 



8,734,577 
1,123,346 

7,544,234 

1,200,502 

707,226 



633,750 
3,575,484 

5,135,198 

1,737,522 

83,383 

1,255,455 

10,957,893 



5,156 
1,387 
1,131 
1,212 



2,618 
3,309 
2,481 
1,974 



146,518 



2,312,596 

1, 599,092 

1,843,689 

289,146 



1A26,773 

1,277,461 

1,697,764 

811,372 



79,766,589 



4.265 



2,%3 
635 
211 
405 

51 

2,077 
1,233 

3,507 

6.263 



5.799.121 



1,138 
573 
150 
294 
447 

3,661 



6,668 
6,871 



5,668 
1,527 



3,378,567 

1,633,954 

582,340 

146,829 

57,431 

377,047 

393,662 

1,999,476 

2.787.432 



408,505 
590,961 
67,050 
156,641 
239,630 
1,324,645 



4,278,748 
3,222,193 



1,550,562 
2,519,167 



297,668 

177,021 



17,997 
122,275 
26,303 
34,727 



12.5 

8.9 

14.1 



7.6 
6.3 



4.9 

4.4 

14.5 

5.2 

7.4 



4/31,812 

81,975 

255,469 



112,044 
80,206 



8,358 
59,859 
12,575 
22,083 

1^21,654 



99,978 
487 
278 



1,772 
1,374 



705 

892 

1,332 



2,909,299 
1,021,132 



956,074 



10.0 
4.3 



9.0 



1,501,413 
420,241 



345,847 



527 
254 



23,952 



206,666 

202,426 

435,778 

20,470 

90,734 

894,395 



11.4 
7.9 
12.1 

n.9 

3.7 
2.6 



83,522 
50,096 
135,663 
11,910 
64,656 

350,148 



6,465 

16,111 

1,288 

29 

59 

21,820 



63,508 



162,552 
20,839 

99,987 
48,187 
15,459 



44,931 
203,312 

199,914 
22,484 

1,917 
11,305 

664,405 



7.1 
5.7 

3.9 
1.3 
2.3 

0.9 



24,938 



61,316 
7,385 

49,303 
21,896 
4,912 



25,510 
59,674 

73,170 

14,493 

858 

6,693 

308,683 



1,777 



4,678- 
715 

2,243 
697 
191 



1,191 
7,283 

2,875 
164 

5 
1 

10,114 



99,083 
23,542 
171,043 
20,639 



48,270 

47,202 

50,395 

204,231 



9,286,353 



4.3 

3.7 

3.0 

25.2 



33,957 
9,327 

81,572 
8,734 



21,553 
24,163 
26,256 
98,121 



5,064,381 



4,318 

1,253 

31 

574 



2,014 

348 

38 

1,538 



106,823 



471.707 



8.1 



294,027 

135,673 

26,939 

7,158 

7,910 

44,837 
61,361 
149,139 

270.959 



42,773 
44,317 
6,824 
13,287 
34,208 
129,550 



555,073 
317,416 



220,603 
224,153 



8.7 
8.3 
4.6 
4.9 
13.8 

11.9 
15.6 
7.4 

_9J. 



285,414 



174,773 

85,413 

16,722 

3,565 

4,941 

24,438 
30,070 
82,098 

127.022 



2,091 



1,839 

163 

1 

50 

38 

2,004 
1,138 
3,500 

5.056 



10.5 
7.5 

10.2 
8.5 

14.3 
7.8 



13.0 
9.8 



14.2 
8.9 



18,965 
19,923 
2,838 
5,135 
16,586 
63,575 



305,494 
158,057 



106,498 
117,864 



1,029 
399 
140 
202 
238 

3,048 



5,823 
7,637 



4,826 
5% 



1,297,457 
11,669 
70,195 



26,141 
16,321 



3,150 
11,510 
4,729 
7,059 

495,866 



1,340,472 
11,766 
71,309 



25,116 
16,379 



3,267 

11,997 

4,937 

7,090 

503,770 



1,354,143 
12,246 
71,169 



25,707 
17,155 



3,322 

11,906 
5,089 
7,253 

501,615 



78,201,065 
1,385,571 
4,458,495 



1,949,491 
1,345,656 



150,786 

1,028,219 

233,997 

389,304 

35,857,733 



82,192,588 
1,353,803 
4,614,254 



1,931,285 
1,351,356 



156,530 

1,077,236 

253,131 

411,903 

36/10,141 



84,247,979 

1,362,511 
4,741,934 



1,940,116 
1,417,621 



160,349 

1,080,138 

262,597 

413,726 

37,243,640 



5,940,530 
190,499 
461,295 



236,880 
278,726 



22,924 
6,670 
3,986 

65,304 

1,749,770 



408,912 
86,954 



111,312 



415,259 
88,511 

111,053 



411,725 
89,890 



112,466 



28,212,841 
7,644,892 



6,486,011 



28 ,646,106 
7,764,035 



6,646,405 



29,131,751 
8,111,889 



6,840,356 



29,695 
21,339 
46,355 
4,163 
10,260 

90,146 



29,462 
21,554 
46,021 
4,203 
9,813 

92,799 



30,429 
21,515 
38,702 
4,169 
17,651 

101,650 



1,568,231 
971,229 

3,037,508 
221,594 
687,449 

6,096,782 



1,583,356 
992,951 

3,168,112 
240,694 
661,292 

6,389,461 



1,641,050 
1,002,096 
2,704,854 
233,853 
1,253,503 

6,761,190 



15,335 



13,962 
1,682 

14,647 
5,349 
1,056 



5,833 
13,101 

13,217 

3,638 

166 

2,110 

138,739 



17,069 



14,379 
1,353 

14,616 
4,910 
1,075 



6,009 
13,472 

13,387 

3,741 

168 

2,120 

139,184 



22,793 



14,462 
1,817 

15,134 
6,635 
1,073 



6,076 
13,679 

13,644 

3,772 

176 

2,284 

159,068 



348,646 



1,063,775 
128,770 

871,499 

380,747 

84,875 



452,457 
1,071,438 

1,282,247 

266,543 

13,599 

127,136 

5,569,208 



488,955 



1A09,721 
134,601 

894,778 

375,762 

86,833 



473,834 
1,116,686 

1,286,659 

274,239 

18,695 

128,698 

5,995,365 



679,925 



1,117,935 
137,416 

913,160 

421,700 

88,057 



435,420 
1,154,522 

1,321,766 

282,399 

19,359 

139,531 

6,726,810\ 



18,292 
4,377 

35,107 
3,391 



3,182 

9,265 

9,694 

49,931 



1/48,231 



18,265 
4,397 

36,675 
4,223 



9,217 
11,136 
10,384 
44,382 



1/492,333 



22,374 
4,346 

33,212 
3,959 



8,997 

9,711 

10,125 

61,344 



1,507,990 



672,539 

173, n9 

1,520,483 

166,540 



370,255 

410,068 

483,156 

1,772,^98 



89,147,584 



705,218 

175,580 

1,652,937 

182,105 



432,215 

492,398 

561,025 

1,793,837 



93,342,186 



869,998 

182,841 

1,748,798 

171,268 



411,602 

434,640 

510,270 

2,397,393 



95,651,971 



93.261 



94.434 



53,603 

27,022 

5,218 

1,194 

1,224 

8,807 
10,177 
23,449 

39.903 



59,477 

27,244 

5,269 

1,206 

1,238 

8,814 
10,397 
24,287 

40.966 



94,434 



5,102.453 



5.302.279 



6,420 
5,630 
935 
1,628 
5,084 
20,211 



98,329 
50,822 



32,258 
27,306 



6,354 
5,622 
390 
1,645 
5,397 
21,058 



105,008 
52,316 



36,202 
27,747 



59,541 
26,941 
5,421 
1,282 
1,249 

9,609 
11,167 
25,127 

42.510 



3,156,093 

1,505,734 

294,030 

61, 9X 

84,617 

449,687 

545,980 

1,448,129 

2.274,638 



3,253,357 

1, 533,770 

312,702 

62,808 

89,142 

441,916 

571,092 

1,536,462 

2.361.495 



5.392.727 



3, 303,364 

1,607,433 

321,683 

66,783 

88,464 

493,017 

594,595 

1,607,280 

2.464.192 



6,642 
5,729 
1,504 
1,614 
5,559 
21,462 



103,476 
52,457 



34,467 
29,170 



358,825 
341,232 
42,120 
92,387 
293,970 
1^46,104 



5,613,076 
2,319,918 



1,823,654 
2,052,049 



353,460 
339,575 
41,214 
94,959 
319,829 
1,207,453 



6,048,449 
3,013,430 



2,168,431 
2,096,771 



377,587 

359,588 

63,188 

95,844 

337,947 

1,230,038 



6,014,543 
2,964,384 



2,023,303 
2,304,663 



709,205 



87,388 
19,463 

472,922 
U,525 

115,907 

68,829 



2,527 



15,116 
2,927 

13,404 
6,399 
3,570 



8,316 
854 
366 

2,431 

432,367 



72,479 

9,333 

121,323 

1,772 



51,797 
64,589 
79,572 
31,502 



7,206,834 



598,773 



354,853 

172,136 

54,182 

10,753 

6,849 

25,086 
16,274 
34,034 

216,037 



44,002 
53,260 
6,321 
5,828 
24,662 
81,464 



92, U9 
52,405 



70,229 
304,516 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1.11 



Tabic 1E.-WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENTS-UNITED STATES, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948-Con. 

Establishments, Sales, Expenses, Pay Roll, Personnel, and Stocks 



Type of operadon and land of business 



Eetab- 

Uah- 
menta 



(Number) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Operating expenses 
(inc. pay roll/ 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 



{Thotisand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(Num- 
ber) 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest — 



March 15 
(Humber) 



July 15 
(J^umber) 



Nov. 15 
(Number) 



Pay roll, workweek ended nearest - 



March 15 
(Dollurs) 



July 15 
(DolUrj) 



Nov. 15 
(Dollars) 



Si-ocks on 

hand, end 

of year, 

at cost 

iThousand 
dollars) 



Typ« yjj Kind of BuslDoss — Continued 

Merchant vholeealsrs — Continued 

Drugs, chemicals, allied products: 

Drugs (general line) 

Drugs, drug sundries (specialty lines) 

Proprietary medicines, toiletries 

Retailer cooperatives-specialty lines 

Drug sundries 

Industrial chemicals , explosives 

Paints, varnishes 

With glass , wallpaper 

Without glass , wallpaper 

Tobacco and products (except leaf) 

Dry goods, apparel: 

Clothing, furnishings, footwear 

Clothing, furnishings (general line) 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings 

Women's, children's clothing, furnishings... 

Furs (dressed), fur clothing 

Millinery, millinery supplies 

Shoes, other footwear * 

Work clothing 

Dry goods (general line) 

Dry goods specialties, piece goods, notions... 

Hosiery, underwear 

Piece goods ( Jobbers) 

Other dry goods, notions 

Piece goods converters 

Furniture, home furnishings: 

Furniture (household, office) 

Household furniture 

Office furniture 

Heme furnishings, floor coverings , 

China, glassware, crockery ., 

Floor coverings. , 

Antiques 

Miscellaneous heme furnishings...... 

Paper and its products: 

Wrapping paper, twine 

Fine paper 

Stationery, office supplies 

Wallpaper 

Miscellaneous paper products 

Farm products (raw materials) : 

Cotton 

Grain 

Hides, skins, raw furs 

Livestock (except horses, mules) 

Tobacco (leaf) 

Wool, mohair 

Miscellaneous inedible farm products 

Automotive: 

Automobiles, other motor vehicles 

Automobiles, new and used , 

TlMcks, tractors (road type) 

Automotive equipment, tires and tubes 

Automotive parts, accessories 

Garage equijanent, tools 

Tires , tubes 

Electrical goods: 

Electrical goods (general line ) 

Wiring supplies, constniction materials, 

apparatus , and equipment, 

Wiring supplies, construction materials 

Apparatus and equipment, 

Electrical appliances, specialties 

Electrical appliances (general line) 

Radios, television sets 

Refrigerators, equipment (household) 

Miscellaneous appliances, specialties 

Hardware, plumbing, heating: 

Hardware 

General line (with industrial department)... 
General line (without industrial department) 
Specialty lines 

Plumbing, heating equipment, supplies 

Plumbing, heating (general line) 

Heating (including stoves, ranges) 

Plumbing fixtures, supplies 

Air conditioning, ventilating equiiment 

See footnotes at end of table. 



303 

1,902 



S02 

17 

1,083 

1,189 

1.277 



516 
761 

3,019 



5,133 



379 
1,45* 
1,435 

544 
475 
645 
201 

182 

5,284 



702 
2,441 
2,141 



1,173 



605 
568 



2,640 



T3T 

649 

271 

1,183 



516 
447 
880 
260 
1,941 

325 
391 
858 
413 
148 
271 
138 



730 
1,540 



11,059 
390 
974 



540 
2.385 



1,890 
495 

2,518 



365 

1,210 
239 
704 



2.153 



361 

312 
1,480 



,963 
558 
902 
325 



848,870 

521.476 



100,834 
116.738 



207,069 
6,551 
307,856 

690,019 

221,861 



108,041 
113,820 



1,558,536 



61,684 

607 

54,447 

92,288 

50,042 



179,233 
402,531 
424,697 
155,052 
102,796 
250,294 
43,933 

457,242 

1,947,798 



25,811 
24,231 

±31,184 



220,576 



208,443 
1^33,056 
606,299 

1,764,U3 



24,725 
57,252 
64,866 
16,649 
18,636 
33,434 
5,014 

59,456 

236,716 



245,026 
134,704 



935,215 



22,619 
115,197 
98,900 

157,546 



75,568 



116,884 

416,112 

13,208 

389,011 



2%, 928 
462,359 
180,867 
32,338 
929,255 



1,768,332 
3,022,406 
504,212 
491,306 
225,576 
513,313 
378,848 



40,019 
35,549 

143,060 



25,314 

49,853 

3,334 

64,559 



48,333 
62,686 
48,154 
10,883 
124,400 



78,832 
54,975 
29,696 
9,026 
21,528 
25,149 
16,310 



1.450,871 145.570 



902,083 
548,738 



2,325,491 

75,967 

239,260 

1 ,521,874 
864,672 



717,026 
147,646 

2,038,020 



769,714 
491,215 
443,158 
333,933 



2,013.997 



1,196,485 
501,622 
315,890 

1,812,960 



1,215,932 

175,069 

325,501 

96,458 



60,962 
34,608 



520,984 
17,050 
42,718 



103,195 
31,987 



267,196 



98,363 
75,571 
42,183 
51,079 



181,083 
73,657 
59,375 

273,952 



168,875 
30,982 
52,116 
21,979 



11.9 
22.4 



29.8 
9,3 

17,7 

13.4 
22,6 



23.9 

21.3 



U.2 



TjTS 

14.2 
15.3 
10,7 
13,1 
13,4 
11,4 

13.0 



10.8 
10.2 
16.3 



16.3 
26.4 



15.3 



21.6 
12.0 
25.2 
16.6 



16.3 
13,6 
26.6 
33.6 
13.4 



4.4 
2.1 
5.9 
1,8 
9.5 
4.9 
4.3 



6,3 
15.4 



22.4 
22.4 
17.8 



15,1 
21.7 



12.8 
15.4 



15,1 
U,7 
18.8 

15.1 



65,836 
46,810 



25,144 
374 
21,292 

45,839 

27,992 



15,000 
12,992 

75,456 
111,332 



13,146 
29,634 
32,447 
7,155 
9,590 
17,195 
2,165 

36,360 

117,064 



11,271 
53,177 
52,616 

81,975 



43,160 



21,847 
21,313 

75,202 



13,214 

28,357 

1,423 

32,208 



31,156 
39,993 
30,001 
5,389 
73,110 



16,995 
29,358 
12,997 

2,707 
10,182 
11,920 

6,701 



31,397 
48,001 



315,227 

9,995 

20,0U 



62,495 
18,931 



147,942 



55,162 
41,213 
24,185 
27,382 



556 

1 

781 



260 
484 

2,743 



4,490 



371 
1,253 
1,197 
528 
408 
524 
209 

67 

4,250 



613 
1,756 
1,876 



~J27" 
390 



1,923 



T50 
366 
262 
850 



306 
116 
565 
102 
1,312 

320 
145 
735 
428 
76 
191 
129 



1,501 



516 
985 



7,632 
243 
754 



1,181 
320 



13.9 
17.7 
16.0 
22.8 



122,712 
47,966 
33,174 

157,832 



99,354 
16,253 
29,097 
13,128 



107 

781 

73 

332 



28 

112 

1,119 



396 
260 
574 
149 



21,894 
14.143 



22,030 
14,187 



22,127 



14,683 



1A87,132 
846,135 



7,506 

137 

6,500 

10,806 

8,111 



4,459 
3,652 



25,385 



28,900 



7,469 

138 

6,580 

10,854 

8.451 



7,768 

138 

6,777 

10,696 

8.536 



3,763 
7,968 
7,754 
1,567 
2,914 
4,269 
665 

9,732 

27,300 



4,657 
3,794 



28 ,055 



3,U4 
11,123 
13,033 



3,536 
7,753 
7,548 
1,701 
2,617 
4,181 
669 

9,765 

27,006 



4,741 
3,795 



29,578 



452,894 

6,743 

386,548 

823,400 

484,344 



1,225,659 
859,685 



1,251,532 



456,753 

6,922 

396,010 

832,714 

513,786 



507,887 

7,154 

407,027 

824,155 



5,345 
5,914 



19,630 



3,097 
11,012 
12,897 

11,766 



11,073 



3,778 
8,094 
8,223 
1,766 
2,792 
4,233 
692 

9,322 

27,305 



252,556 
231,738 



1,359,168 



1,975,116 



3,569 

6,325 

414 

9,322 



7,849 
9,072 
9,248 
1,739 
19,277 



3,346 
7,405 
3,349 
771 
4,470 
1,911 
1,358 



5,261 
5,812 



19,701 



3,268 
11,078 
13,459 

12,246 



11,547 



237,542 
538,845 
554,658 
123,740 
182,861 
296,698 
40,772 

653,292 

2^78,864 



269,313 
244,473 

1/411,052 
1,931,125 



275,999 
246,326 



1,427,343 



8,857 
13,986 



T7532~ 

0,490 

393 

9,236 



8,019 
9,012 
9,317 
1,641 
19,342 



3,295 
8,174 
3,243 
749 
2,095 
2,124 
1,338 



23.933 



5,606 
5,941 



20,640 



207,127 
916,931 
954,806 

1,385,571 



770,635 



226,323 
527,526 
546,514 
138,305 
167,280 
284,069 
41,103 

654,382 

2jD50,249 



240,733 
554,801 
596,630 
142,208 
173,230 
296,073 
41,723 

677,468 

2,134,495 



9,295 
14,643 



3,784 

6,715 

423 

9,718 



3,156 
9,197 

10,063 
1,783 

19,363 



3,331 
3,084 
3,318 
800 
5,534 
1,913 
1,483 



24.234 



383,769 
381,866 

1,288,253 



200,724 
915,394 
934,131 

1 ,353,803 



755,427 



9,331 
14,903 



226,801 

460,287 

25,355 

575,810 



559,704 

721,035 

538,679 

91,783 

1,319,830 



244,119 
467,901 
225,734 
46,396 
174,369 
170,580 
109,904 



1,417.190 



379,371 
376,056 

1^31,386 



217,433 

914,031 

1,003,031 



813,595 



565,163 
852,027 



234,491 

486,987 

26,290 

583,618 



562,743 
709,358 
547,498 
33,144 
1,340,213 



239,078 
543,781 
220,646 
47,021 
115,384 
186,956 
111,031, 



1.526,319 



427,678 
385,917 



1,411,943 



619,336 
907,483 



99,462 
2,848 
6,199 



24,895 



101,379 
2,903 
6,385 



102,795 
2,978 
6,322 



17,070 
5,331 



38,773 



13,759 
11,592 
6,137 
7,285 



58 ,262 



17,431 
5,511 

39,834 



34,693 
13,600 
9,969 

40,930 



14,107 
11,791 
6,449 
7,487 



59,105 



17,785 
5,366 



40,992 



5, 654,662 
186,521 
368,874 



1,665,757 

1,410,758 



5,920,319 
188,377 
339,602 



1,741,239 



35,409 
13,529 
10,167 

42,316 



14,407 
12,157 
6,661 
7,767 



59,359 



1,077,654 
333,104 

2,588,387 



25,638 
4,188 
7,553 
3,601 



26,460 
4,229 
7,743 
3,834 



35,173 
13,931 
10,255 

43,381 



983,028 
724,832 
407,741 
472,786 



3,513 ,031 



1,130,025 
358,029 

2,733,789 



2,113,561 
809,253 
590,217 

2,631,826 



1,020,533 
757,119 
461,285 
494,852 



3,634.578 



27,208 
4,467 
7,890 
3,816 



1,623,531 
281,890 
500,657 
225,748 



2,178,727 
849,819 
606,032 

2,792,869 



1,714,994 
291,156 
523,107 
263,612 



244,377 

515,524 

28,123 

623,919 



579,071 

742,006 

588,854 

93,314 

1,374,139 



250,579 
570,985 
226,605 
51,025 
200,339 
173,947 
117,297 



1,552.836 



619,207 
933,679 



6,0%, 959 
194,480 
339,571 



1 ,790,540 
1.511.050 



1, 158,009 
353,041 

2,869,385 



1,067,636 
803,109 
476,300 
522,340 



3,719,668 



2,238,494 
860 ,-222 
620,952 

2,926,341 



1,808,967 
311,503 
544,617 
261,254 



61,233 



24,617 

1,425 

35,241 

51,078 

34.8% 



19,765 
15,131 

115,748 
197,197 



25,064 
55,448 
39,506 
29,666 
11,087 
30,300 
6,126 

68,967 

215,832 



17,399 
114,4% 
83,987 

190,499 



45,772 



24,476 
21,296 



117,468 



18,299 
53,343 
4,530 
36,296 



35,093 
44,436 
27,731 
6,065 
31,504 



161,193 
128,326 
50,952 
4,486 
27,574 
63,887 
28,999 



52,565 
69,490 



439,357 
12,133 
32,600 



130,193 
108.855 



87,551 
21,3CK 

225,823 



35,416 
56,858 
44,765 
38,784 



366,191 



221,391 
37,781 
57,019 

260,625 



174,463 
21,985 
49,148 
15,024 



1.12 WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 

Table 1 E.-WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENTS-UNITED STATES, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948-Con. 



Establishments, Sales, Expenses, Pay Roll, Personnel, and Stocks 



Type of operation and kind of business 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



{>iumbeT) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 

{Thousand 
dollars) 



Operating expenses 
(inc. pay roUV 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(Num- 
ber) 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest — 



March 15 
(Number) 



July 15 
(Number) 



Nov. 15 
(Number) 



Pay roll, workweek ended nearest - 



March 15 
(Dollars) 



July 15 
(DolUirs) 



Nov. 15 
(Dollars) 



Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year, 

at cost 

(Tliousand 
dollars) 



Type by Kind of Business — Continued 
Merchant wholesalers — Continued 

Lumber, construction materials: 

Lumber, mlllworlc 

Direct mill shippers 

Distributors with yards 

Other construction materials 

Brick, tile, terra cotta 

Cement, lime, plaster 

Glass (building) 

Sand, gravel, crushed stone , 

Ready-mixed concrete distributors 

Roofing, siding, insulation 

Miscellaneous construction materials 

Machinery, equipment, supplies: 

Commercial machines, equipment 

Commercial refrigeration equipment 

Office machines, equipment 

Restaurant, hotel supplies (principally 

nonfood) 

Store machines , fixtures 

Other commercial machines, equipment 

Construction machinery, equipment 

Farm-dairy machinery, equipment 

Industrial machinery, equipment, supplies.... 
Industrial machinery, equipment (general 

line) 

Belting, hose, packing 

Machine tools 

Mine, mill supplies 

Oil well , oil refining supplies 

Printing machinery, supplies (except paper) 

Rope, cordage. 

Used machinery, equipment. 

Miscellaneous industrial machinery, supplies 

Professional equipment, supplies 

Dental supplies 

Religious supplies 

School equipment , supplies 

Surgical, medical, hospital equipment, 

supplies 

Miscellaneous professional equipment, 

supplies 

Service establishment equipment, supplies.... 

Barber , beauty supplies 

Laundry, dry cleaning equipment, supplies.. 

Shoe findings 

Undertalcers ' supplies 

Upholsterers ' supplies 

Miscellaneous service equipment, supplies.. 

Transportation (except automotive) equipment, 
supplies 

Aircraft, aeronautical equipment, supplies. 

Railroad equipment , supplies 

Marine equipment, supplies 

Other transportation equipment, supplies... 

Metals, metal work (except scrap) : 

Iron, steel and products 

Nonferrous metals, metal work 

Waste materials: 

Iron, steel scrap 

Other scrap, waste materials 

Other merchant wholesalers: 

Amusement, sporting goods 

Cameras, photographic goods 

Sporting goods, toys, games 

Other recreation goods 

Books, periodicals, newspapers 

Coal, coke 

Direct shippers (without yards) • 

Distributors with yards 

Farm supplies 

Feed 

Fertilizers , agricultural chemicals 

Seeds 

Miscellaneous farm supplies 

Jewelry 

Jewelry (general line) 

Clocks , watches 

Precious stones , metals 

Watch materials, jewelers' tools, supplies. 

Costume jewelry 

Miscellaneous jewelry 

See footnotes at end of table. 



3,312 



965 
2,347 



2,578 



2,793,620 



272 
205 
3i3 
200 
358 
3A5 
855 



■4,8U 



1,055,673 
1,737,947 

1,141,116 



57,538 
243,916 



251,246 



5.4 
14.0 



22.0 



168,222 



1,223 
8% 

835 

1,480 

380 

936 

883 

7.304 



99,606 
109,743 
109,964 

37,098 
175,403 
173,772 
385,530 



370,025 



219,930 
104,172 

194,807 

271,086 

80,030 

786,561 

485,297 

2.999.989 



15,597 
22,247 
31,272 
21,668 
59,091 
24,639 
76,732 



207,947 



15.6 
20.3 
23.4 
24.9 
33.7 
14.2 
19.9 



26,814 
141,408 

135,685 



615 
1,098 



7)937 
12,045 
20,750 
10,036 
30,098 
13,337 
41 ,432 



4,999 
39,892 



35,639 



221 
122 
170 
156 

375 



52,876 
29,274 

43,700 
62,660 
19,437 

129,570 
56,052 

480,193 



24.0 
28.1 

22.4 
23.1 
24.3 

16.5 

11.6 

16.0 



112,506 
23,564 



3,537 
324 



1,993 
3,163 
5,535 
2,373 
7,674 
3,348 
11,553 



32,332 



5,312 
42,590 

39,863 



47,269 



5,192 
42,077 

39,795 



2,862,019 



24,273 

33,347 

9,079 

74,349 
23,568 

269.660 



638 

1,119 

295 

344 
521 

3.973 



7,856 
5,437 

6,961 
9,734 
2,344 

16,950 
7,795 

71.065 



2,213 
3,562 
5,583 
3,042 
9,242 
3,575 
12,641 



32,963 
8,392 



5,442 

7,103 
9,632 
2,394 

17,624 
8,296 

72,273 



2,162 
3,431 
5,787 
2,983 
9,104 
3,702 
12,626 



32,722 
8,067 



459,870 
2,402,149 

2,237,174 



3,134,726 



131,261 
199,736 
340,756 
158,600 
490,360 
219,748 
696,713 



2,064,479 



487,046 
2,647,680 

2,627,153 



3,109.732 



152,774 
239,861 
360,292 
212,694 
628,258 
241,246 
792,023 



483,947 
2,625,785 

2,651,063 



7,075 
9,489 
2,408 

17,832 
8,152 

72,763 



510,161 
327,532 

435,405 
630,529 
160,802 

1,271,228 
505,423 

4,810.321 



565,045 
337,608 

450,729 
629,988 
163,671 

1,358,052 
553,989 

4,999,473 



234,523 
331,605 
210,724 
617,505 
261,893 
795,034 



2,126,125 
— SJ0,7ei 



456,614 
615,033 
164,962 

1^99,453 
544,941 

5,156,313 



241 
233 
523 
639 

1,027 
215 
111 
176 

4,134 

2,596 



331,219 

60,311 

178,675 

332,594 

718,051 

52,001 

75,134 

41,728 

,210,276 

571,154 



472 
U5 
252 

717 

1,010 

4,240 



96,751 
13,373 
65,601 

216,333 

173,541 

767,142 



57,297 

12,961 

29,733 

54,580 

66,466 

11,096 

6,712 

9,626 

231 ,722 

146,304 



17.3 
21.5 
16.6 
16.4 

9.2 
21.3 

8.9 
23.1 
19.1 

25.6 



1,063 
338 

1,307 
102 
190 

1,190 



100,223 
114,022 
334,044 
10,083 
45,504 
163,261 



251.204 



25,198 
4,746 
12,994 

49,347 

54,019 

145,579 



26.0 
25.1 
19.8 

22.8 

31.1 

19.0 



36,610 
8,183 
17,048 
31,884 
30,798 
6,132 
4,010 
4,513 
130,432 

88 ,750 



42 
112 
399 
372 
272 
119 

53 

146 

2,453 

1.430 



15,325 
2,630 
7,837 

28,971 

33,937 

75,640 



254 
129 
167 

336 

544 

3,312 



9,954 
1,910 
3,794 
8,574 
8,536 
1,435 
782 
1,183 
34,892 

28,633 



5,059 
1,075 
2,287 



12,369 
22,693 



9,782 
1,916 
3,711 
8,749 
9,123 
1,416 
791 
1,133 
35,602 

23.671 



5,075 
1,026 
2,336 

7,909 

12,275 

22,360 



9,728 
1,921 
3,687 
8,770 
9,099 
1,443 
787 
1,174 
36,154 

29,198 



4,997 
1,103 
2,463 

3,062 

12,563 

23,057 



636,656 
143,409 
309,113 
561,750 
564,948 
111,213 
72,034 
80,314 
2 ,330,884 

1,604,399 



32,684 
24,215 
39,580 
2,835 
8,339 
37,926 



49,528 



32.6 
21.2 
11.8 
23.1 
18.3 
23.2 



19.7 



16,956 
12,496 
19,592 
1,527 
4,354 
20,715 



24.471 



883 
234 
1,077 
73 
137 
908 



196 
84 

334 
43 



1,545 
258 



3,054 
4,663 



459 

1,727 

40 



640 
342 



857 

244 

433 

74 

3,391 



387 
443 
526 
274 
441 
1,320 



56,175 
69,910 
113,560 
11,559 



1,551,341 
504,874 



1,699,428 
999,872 



13,319 
12,329 
21,610 
2,270 



212,304 
36,630 



163,613 
156,553 



23.7 
17.6 
19.0 
19.6 



13.7 
7.2 



9.6 
15.6 



173,329 

386,073 

7,352 



2 .077.284 



1,471,620 
605,664 



1,271,599 



29,359 

67,234 

1,215 

82,718 

87.872 



47,627 
40,245 



114,444 



16.9 
17.4 

16.5 



A^ 



5,991 
5,597 
11,519 
1,364 



116,112 

21,181 



85,058 
BZ,i8B 



50.044 



85 
29 
179 
20 



725 
102 



2,744 
4,666 



6,217 
3,436 
5,233 
528 
1,217 
6,062 



5.889 



14,328 
35,166 
550 



250 

1,455 

37 



1,700 
801 

3,090 
298 



26,865 
4,689 



26,607 

31,471 



14.787 



6,210 
3,441 
5,243 
514 
1,259 
6,-188 



5,983 



6,257 
3,375 
5,347 
505 
1,301 
6,272 



5,893 



280,364 
46,119 
132,848 

527,082 

617,986 

1,354,872 



666,374 
149,357 
304,376 
588,386 
610,484 
108,000 
66,718 
83,418 
2, 421,860 

1,643,210 



352,582 
226,811 
330,132 
30,107 
72,098 
373,142 



430,390 



289,962 
44,185 
139,938 

537,881 

631,244 

1,374,672 



709,161 
145,833 
302,878 
592,628 
630,114 
111,359 
67,884 
79,630 
2,516,776 

1,673,951 



322,656 
227,300 
333,439 
23,466 
75,174 
337,587 



450,021 



285,019 
47,631 
147,536 

544,210 

649,555 

1>392,953 



3,092 
314 



27,875 
4,863 



27,854 
31,888 



1,753 
323 

3,009 
303 



23,516 
5,052 



27,931 
31,336 



115,890 
86,167 

207,330 
2i,503 



1,923,436 
356,530 



1/11,377 
1,474,225 



119,387 
94,667 

212,904 
23,063 



2,032,420 
367,301 



1,512,065 
1,513,507 



325,764 
225,389 
339,900 
28,347 
77,626 
395,427 



456,859 
122,058 



4,266 
10,342 

179 

20,595 



4,487 

10,796 

179 



3.2 

6.6 



9.0 



609,325 
149,336 
327,450 
185,488 

799,012 



38,353 

17,678 

49,123 

9,290 

120,590 



6.3 
11.3 
15.0 

5.0 

15.1 



25,531 
20,772 



58,936 



161 
100 



5,114 
6,645 



19,683 



5,135 
6,117 



26.782 



4,373 

U,511 

205 

22,449 

11.311 



264,537 

591,070 

9,177 



5,174 
6,137 



20.734 



204,586 
108,598 
205,200 
43,099 
71,834 
165,695 



33,321 
13,148 
14,566 
9,267 
14,971 
30,317 



16.3 
16.7 
7.1 
21.5 
20.8 
18.3 



18,289 
7,516 

27,873 
5,253 

62,943 



671 
124 
305 
46 

3,183 



6,176 
2,344 
9,409 
1,754 

15,675 



6,276 

2,353 

16,366 

1,782 

15,360 



18,666 
9,134 
6,675 
5,511 
7,395 

15,062 



301 
375 
519 
263 
401 
1,319 



4,241 
1,973 
1,207 
1,904 
2,283 
4,067 



4,281 
1,961 
1,161 
1,899 
2,145 
3,913 



6,321 
2,295 
10,302 
1,816 

16,506 



443,056 
401,343 



1.049.417 



275,936 

628,529 

9,674 



829.497 



98,647 

211,596 

24,553 



2^.15,833 
378,665 



1,561,707 
1, 531 ,013 



951.866 



4,580 
2,145 
1,152 
1,928 
2,412 
4,289 



323,498 

142,148 

492,265 

91,506 

1,092,091 



452,899 
376,598 



1A71.291 



278,566 

662,165 

11,135 

1,027,492 

847.066 



462,749 
384,317 



310,456 
159,626 
120,380 
97,544 
143,467 
260,618 



334,116 
144,830 
592,333 
99,962 

1,064,662 



310,763 
159,293 
117,417 
99,203 
131,248 
246,738 



339,019 

141,322 

515,069 

96,591 

1,190.010 



349,207 
173,093 
117,049 
104,151 
160,477 
286,033 



197.5% 



3,444 
194,152 



79,481 



5,892 
5,477 
13,129 
2,617 
4,219 
14,955 
33,192 



120,325 
35,443 



32,117 

33,347 

9,066 

132,060 
57,762 

401,110 



46,727 

7,330 

16,489 

44,507 

102,217 

5,537 

5,328 

10,443 

161,982 

90,834 

18,650 

4,129 

9,589 

30,205 

28,261 

111,313 



I 



20,323 
14,115 
47,734 
1,740 
7,724 
19,677 



30,707 
6,343 



5,324 

17,516 

1,524 



155,207 
36,239 



52,608 
50,470 



71,393 



18,727 

52,130 

541 

28,049 

64.630 



2,540 
62,090 

89.965 



22,620 
10,550 
42,476 
14,319 

156.782 



37,040 
21,405 
43,580 
7,525 
9,853 
37,379 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 1.13 

Table 1 E.-WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENTS-UNITED STATES, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948-Con. 

Establishments, Sales, Expenses, Pay Roll, Personnel, and Stocks 



Type of operation and land of bu5Ulf^ss 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



CHumbcr) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 

(Thcnisand 
dollars) 



Operating expenses 
(inc. pay roll)^ 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 

{Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(Num- 
ber) 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest — 



March 15 
(Number) 



July 15 
(Number) 



Nov. 15 
(Number) 



Pay roll, workweek ended nearest - 



March 15 
(Dollars) 



July 15 
(Dollars) 



Nov. 15 
(Dollars) 



Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year, 

at cost 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Type by Kind of Business — Continued 
Merchant wholesalers — Continued 
ether merchant .wholesalers — Continued 

Petroleum and products 

Merchant wholesalers, miscellaneous products. 

Flowers (cut) , potted plants 

Bulbs , plants 

Forest products (except lumber) 

General merchandise 

Leather goods 

Oils and fats (inedible) 

Textiles and materials other than dry goods 

Yams ( industrial) 

Kinds of business, n.e.c 

Manufacturers' sales branches (with 
stocks) , total 

Groceries, confectionery, meats; 

Confectionery 

Meats, meat products 

Other grocery, food specialties 

Canned foods 

Coffee, tea, spices...... 

Flour 

Miscellaneous grocery specialties 

Farm products (edible): 
Dairy, poultry products 

Beer, wines, distilled spirits: 

Beer, ale 

Wines, distilled spirits. , 

Drugs, chemicals, allied products: 

Drugs, drug sundries (specialty lines) 

Proprietary medicines, toiletries 

Drug sundries. 

Industrial chemicals, explosives 

Paints , varnishes 

With glass, wallpaper 

Without glass, wallpaper ., 

Tobacco and products (except leaf) 

Dry goods, apparel: 

Clothing, furnishings, footwear 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings, 

Women's, children's clothing, furnishings... 

Shoes , other footwear 

Clothing, l\imishings, n.e.c 

Dry goods, piece goods, notions, 

Hosiery, underwear, 

Piece 'goods 

Other dry goods, notions 

Fumltore, home furnishings: 

Furniture (household , office) 

Household furniture 

Office furniture 

Home furnishings, floor coverings 

Floor coverings 

Miscellaneous home furnishings 

Paper and Its products: 

Stationery, office supplies 

Other paper products 

Automotive equipment, tires and tubes 

Automotive parts, accessories 

Garage equipment, tools 

Tires , tubes 

Electrical goods: 

Wiring supplies, construction materials, 

apparatus, and equipment 

Wiring supplies, construction materials 

Apparatus and equipment 

Electrical appliances, specialties.... 

Radios, television sets 

Electrical appliances, specialties, n.e.c... 

Hardware, plumbing, heating: 

Hardware 

Plumbing, heating equipment, supplies 

Plumbing, heating (general line) 

Heating (including stoves, ranges) 

Plumbing fixt'tres, supplies 

Air conditionin g, ventilating equipment 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,196 
4,634 



545 

91 

393 

183 

115 

68 

636 

236 

J, 367 



750,220 
2/88,921 



129,848 
17,896 
147,673 
720,247 
17,302 
181,070 
264,872 
154,823 
855,190 



29,229,717 



64,944 
263,871 



8.6 

10.6 



24,644. 

4,510 
20,828 
72,218 

3,625 
11,642 
29,529 
11,062 
85,813 



2,909,299 



19.0 
25.2 
14.1 
10.0 
21.0 

6.4 
11.1 

7.1 
10.0 



30,807 
138,095 



14,056 
2,465 

11,376 

41,870 
1,897 
5,817 

15,502 
5,385 

39,727 



1,501,413 



705 
3,400 



8,381 
41,728 



8,680 
42,193 



8,822 
42,616 



425 
55 

309 
70 

101 
36 

503 

132 
,769 



4,161 

791 

4,164 

12,385 

635 

1,487 

5,500 

1,116 

11,489 



408.912 



4,221 

713 

4,476 

12,518 

642 

1,578 

5,513 

1,054 

11,478 



555,426 
,420,944 



4,285 

860 

4,481 

12,347 

677 

1,541 

5,515 

1,124 

11,786 



411.725 



236,206 
46,414 

214,092 

705,575 
34,452 
96,587 

268,976 
93,793 

724,849 



28,212.841 



592,289 
2.504.944 



241,235 

46,002 

233,006 

752,434 

33,415 

101,478 

276,221 

87,655 

733,493 



28M6.106 



582,059 
2,556.171 



34,060 
211.027 



246,985 

50,232 

228,368 

753,879 

36,526 

105,799 

279,714 

95,767 

758,901 



4,065 

882 

10,497 

68,397 

2,814 
12,243 
24,849 
14,706 
72,574 



1,749.770 



133 
734 



2,271 



167 

54 

155 

1,895 



196 

58 



89 
160 



478 
699 



537 
162 



196 
""ST 



64 
121 



106 
111 



59 
100 



184 
121 



359 
106 
235 



168 
285 



237 

157 

49 

77 



355,338 
2,770,342 

3,676,456 



42,791 
116,928 



304.979 



12.0 
4.2 



14,924 
65,731 



131,903 



4,073 
22,700 



37.257 



4,039 
22,736 



38.638 



655,242 

223,572 

493,895 

2,298,747 



0,074 



219,775 
528,571 



502 .833 



157,876 
344,957 



1,472,119 
353,717 



50,496 

16,357 

25,456 

212,670 



118,299 



38,028 
39,403 



108,764 



7.7 
7.2 
5.2 
9.2 



17.3 
7.4 



16,339 
4,951 
11,804 
98,814 



60,977 



22,106 
10,059 



4,984 

1,315 

3,397 

27,561 



5,264 
1,931 



4,210 
22,769 



38.887 



280,999 
1,306,056 



2.397.390 



5,226 

1,431 

3,433 

28,548 



6,503 
2,074 



5,315 

1,452 

3,391 

28,729 



17,682 



6,276 
2,102 



43,134 
65,630 



128,409 
66,520 



223,571 
130,146 



384,498 
175,388 



42,628 
23,892 

53,439 



40,270 



27.3 
19.0 



8.7 
18.8 



15,800 
30,809 



48,002 
30,659 



4,191 
8,287 

10,322 

8,539 



19.1 
18.4 



54,500 

123,858 

30,752 

1 A88,731 



15,434 
6,486 

14,619 
3,731 

58,809 



11.9 
11.8 
12.1 



19,297 
11,362 



22,864 
9,451 



5,692 
2,847 



4,321 



4,067 
8,043 

10,601 

3,789 



5,983 
2,806 



4,420 



4,153 
8,251 

10,512 

8,809 



290,294 

86,182 

220,727 

1,800,187 



1,112,552 



366,494 
172,850 



849,099 



279,139 
1,323,083 



2.472.315 



298,915 
1,354,270 



2,535.300 



5,974 
2,835 



2,460 



4,766 



263,081 
586,013 

864,802 

557,208 



297,087 

90,226 

223,370 

1,861,632 



1,286,953 



501,129 
174,890 



811.525 



315,818 

96,906 

225,546 

1 ,947,030 



474,782 
183,311 



261,887 
549,638 

887,857 

597.210 



291,707 
584,147 



903,015 
607.888 



62,306 
1,003,444 
122,981 



8,682 
35,436 
14,691 



13.9 

3.5 

n.9 



3,248 
7,894 
2,271 

32,013 



1,543 
610 

1,802 
366 

6,376 



1,530 
644 

1,338 
353 

6,547 



1,333 
688 

1,865 
375 

6,637 



354,903 
202,305 



151,464 



412,769 



4,330 
18,952 
8,731 



863 
3,139 
2,369 



355 
3,358 
2,334 



104,503 
65,505 



364,127 



10,114 
17,114 



9.7 
26.1 



5,054 
8,457 



1,009 
2,202 



241,634 
122,493 



60,630 
131,706 



1,571,876 



792,829 

30,458 

743,589 



19,443 
U,497 



13,235 
16,851 



169,773 



t;o 

9.4 



21.8 
12.3 



104,277 
8,520 
56,976 



13.2 
28.0 
7.6 



10,076 
5,510 



8,256 
9,909 



91.097 



2,611 

1,320 



2,339 
2,749 



1,023 
2,240 

3,903 



902 
3,480 
2,305 



3,285 



169,187 
62,421 

142,544 
38,617 

559,911 



389,360 
207,850 



149,001 



394,910 



2,554 
,349 



2,230 
2,651 



1,029 
2,256 

4,073 



76,024 
326,520 
157,367 



251,561 



152,785 
61,670 

140,954 
39,501 

574,997 



401,296 
206,592 



441,933 



187,230 
66,464 

148,426 
39,8U 

603,050 



2,606 
1,467 



2,340 
2,778 



77,882 
173,679 

276,142 



69,314 
337,273 
167,910 



240,037 



77,921 
366,356 
158,773 



57,900 
4,420 
28, '777 



18,364 

918 

8,656 



394,731 
2,121,986 



211.091 



26,256 
199,300 



6.6 
9.4 



11,128 
149,297 



2,745 
49,053 



18,810 

926 

9,226 



47,643 



22,051 
189,040 



78,050 
536,477 



2,373 
16,718 



73,326 



12.5 



1,333 
3,603 



8,150 
-i2.343 



328 
2,645 



1,697 
11,863 



2,784 
44,359 



2,932 



19,544 

979 

9,030 



42,984 



182,650 
93,492 



154,587 
187,082 



1.694,267 



76,660 
163,377 

284,132 



372 
2,560 



1,639 
11,991 



2,351 
40,133 



2,968 



1,066,459 
99,019 
528,789 



3,260,842 



138,303 
95,329 



153,273 
182,146 



1,828,955 



80,331 
164,648 



294,562 



188,669 
105,893 



156,504 
191,710 



437 
2,531 



12,169 



208,228 
3,052,614 



190,378 



1A24,363 
106,151 
598,436 



3y030,881 



22,400 
167,978 



154,725 
758 . 522 



219,295 
2,611,536 



180,053 



1,273,242 
85,499 
588,941 



2,942,084 



25,278 
154,775 



147,758 
770.726 



230,763 
2,711,321 



193,562 



29,360 
169,202 



143,041 
820,182 



356,601 
129,003 
29,762 

71,111 



36,712 

19,150 

3,939 

13,525 



10.3 
14.8 
13.2 

19.0 



21,926 
10,365 
2,116 
7,936 



6,863 

2,620 

483 

1,897 



7,036 
2,589 



1,860 



7,156 

2,658 

465 

1,890 



392,431 

190,659 

38 ,205 

137,227 



399,717 

190,694 

39,216 

141,099 



427,075 

203,444 

39,384 

150,279 



15,320 
70,576 



145 .408 



45,780 
9,970 
8,491 

81,167 



32,932 



3,513 
19,094 



12,709 
30,905 



62,824 
41,454 



26,623 
14,831 



41.017 



16,216 
6,108 

16,403 
2,290 

80.309 



8,902 

64,110 

7,797 



7,922 



4,815 
3,107 

14,581 



7,069 
7,512 



6,591 
13,884 



163,379 

3,186 

61,872 



102,659 



39,179 
63,480 

20,219 



2,361 
17,858 



7,964 
46.768 



31,439 
9,793 
2,637 
2,899 



1.14 WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 

Table 1 E.-WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENTS-UNITED STATES, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948-Con. 



Establishments, Sales, Expenses, Pay Roll, Peesonnel, and Stocks 



Type of operation and kind of business 



Estab- 
Ush- 
ments 



(Tiumber) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 

{Thoiuand 
dollars) 



Operating eipensca 
(inc. pay roll)' 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(Mum- 
ber) 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest — 



Pay roll, workweek ended nearest - 



March 15 
(dumber) 



July 15 
(7\[umber) 



Nov. 15 
(T^umber) 



March 15 
(DolUiTi) 



July 15 
(Doltos) 



Nov. 15 
(Dollars) 



Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year, 

at cost 

(Thousand 
dolldrs) 



Type by Kind of Business — Continued 

Manufacturers' sales branches — Continued 

Lumber, construction materials : 

Lumber, millwork 

Other construction materials, 

Brick, tile, terra cotta 

Cement, lime, plaster 

Glass (building) 

Roofing, siding, insulation 

Miscellaneous construction materials 

Machinery, equipment, supplies: 

Commercial machines, equipment 

Commercial refrigeration equipment 

Office machines, equipment 

Store machines , figures 

Other commercial machines, equipment, ..... . 

Construction machinery, equipment 

Farm-dairy machinery, equipment 

Industrial machinery, equipment, supplies.... 

Industrial machinery, equipment 

Belting, hose, packing 

Machine tools 

Mine, mill supplies 

Oil well, oil refining supplies 

Printing machinery, supplies (exc, paper),. 

Rope , cordage, 

Miscellaneous industrial machinery, supplies 

Professional equipment, supplies 

Service establishment equipment, supplies,... 
Laundry, dry cleaning equipment, supplies.. 

Shoe findings ., 

Undertakers ' supplies 

Miscellaneous service equipment, supplies.. 

Transportation (except automotive) equipment, 

supplies 

Aircraft, aeronautical equipment, supplies. 

Railroad equipment , supplies 

Marine equipment, supplies 

Metals, metal work (except scrap): 

Iron, steel and products , 

Nonferrous metals, metal work , 

Other manufacturers' sales branches: 

Amusement, sporting goods 

Books, periodicals, newspapers ■ 

Coal, coke 

Farm supplies 

Feed 

Fertilizers, agricultural chemicals 

Jewelry 

Petroleum and products. 

Manufacturers' sales branches, miscellaneous 
products 

Manufacturers' sales offices (without 
stocks), total 

Groceries, confectionery, meats: 

Confectionery 

Meats , meat products 

Other grocery, food specialties 

Farm products (edible) : 

Dairy, poultry products 

Beer, wines, distilled spirits 

Drugs, chemicals, allied products: 

Drugs, drug sundries (specialty lines) 

Proprietary medicines, toiletries 

Drug sundries 

Industrial chemicals, explosives 

Paints, varnishes 

Tobacco and products (except leaf) 

Dry goods, apparel: 

Clothing, furnishings, footwear , 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings 

Women's, children's clothing, furnishings.. 

Shoes, other footwear 

Work clothing 

Clothing, furnishings, n.e.c 

Dry goods, piece goods, notions 

Hosiery, underwear, 

Piece goods 

Other dry goods, notions 

See footnotes at end of table. 



130,829 
•482,247 



15,229 
86,611 



40 
35 
131 
35 
98 



1,759 



31 

1,438 

222 

68 

57 
285 

1,785 



31,317 
48,296 

135,479 
48,582 

218,573 



740 ,048 



3,544 
7,589 

23,678 
6,581 

45,219 



240,208 



11,6 
18.0 



7,036 



49,049 



1,718 
13,272 



1,735 
13,622 



1,786 
14,000 



60 
178 
134 
146 
242 
119 

22 
834 



11,353 

645,773 

62,403 

20,504 

45,807 
1,299,152 

1,811 ,835 



11,3 
15,7 
17.5 
13.5 
20.7 



32.4 



3,063 

215,739 

16,167 

5,239 

6,640 
78,496 

206,562 



27.0 
33.4 
25.9 
25.6 

U,5 
6.0 

11.4 



1,945 
2,644 

17,915 
3,950 

22,595 



176,388 



433 
681 

5,713 
822 

5,623 

39,354 



454 
734 

5,%6 
797 

5,671 



50 
58 
53 

135 



149,975 

197,693 

79,319 

201,943 

191, 3U 

78,439 

32,505 

880,647 

147,522 

263.023 



51,481 

150,320 

22,911 

33,311 



7,486 
24,344 

8,660 
15,780 
16,924 
10,767 

2,303 
120,298 

37,571 

30,501 



398 
104 



173 
75 



105 
83 



3,199 
77,738 
12,940 



813,009 
352,367 



283,129 
74,643 
88,171 

204.463 



9,236 
6,351 
4,847 
10,067 



15,548 



5.0 
12.3 
10.9 

7,8 

8.8 
13.7 

7.1 
U.7 



11.6 



1,601 

160,347 

11,928 

2,512 

3,012 
45,368 

116,511 



4,147 
11,645 
5,125 
9,176 
8,633 
6,673 
1,111 
69,996 

23,954 

17.328 



502 

35,428 

2,328 

596 

712 
13,790 

28,788 



926 
2,352 
1,101 
1,333 
1,939 
1,431 

203 
18,403 

8,121 

4.349 



40,591 

545 

36,594 

2,852 

600 

700 
14,115 

29,436 



462 
692 

6,190 
871 

5,785 



41,559 



127,135 
879,536 



943 
2,967 
1,159 
1,920 
2,144 
1,466 

204 
18,683 

8,118 

4.379 



497 

37,588 

2,872 

602 

670 
13,828 

29,390 



35,637 
49,021 

324,060 
58,915 

4U,903 



3,656,928 



129,330 
923,932 



135,325 
985,013 



950 
2,903 
1,146 
1,907 
2,076 
1,484 

204 
18,720 

8,094 

4.347 



31,637 

3,322,201 

257,436 

45,654 

56,245 
825,939 

2,132,433 



36,957 
51, U4 

352,778 
53,598 

429,455 



3,367,552 



81,416 
201,089 

91,500 
169,651 
144,176 
131,917 

20,726 
1,291,958 

446,305 

311.096 



32,777 

3,043,932 

246,370 

44,473 

57,034 
893,744 

2A97,%1 



39,698 

51,233 

363,733 

71,155 
459,194 



3,386,766 



74,733 
214,761 

97,410 
173,266 
161,350 
140,801 

21,095 
1,3M,545 

452,925 

313.007 



25,796 

3,075,407 

233,372 

46,691 

56,321 
853,095 

2,204,091 



80,240 
215,207 
109,328 
154,851 
161,552 
129,343 

20,622 
1,332,948 

449,654 

320,044. 



17.9 
4.2 
21.2 
26.2 



5,185 
3,826 
2,556 
5,761 



1,083 
739 
733 

1,744 



1,098 
736 
780 

1,765 



1,044 
736 
784 

1,783 



105,301 
99,162 



51,110 
24,180 



3,503,217 



23,508,360 



559 
11,649 
3,340 



79,394 
19,295 



36,885 

25,793 

3,075 

18,894 



17.5 
15,0 
25.8 



13.0 
34.6 
3,5 



8,731 
10,163 



10,402 
2,797 



288,431 



lfl21,132 



8.3 
10,2 



20,4 

11.6 



4.3 



269 
5,742 
2,152 



41,735 
3,765 



20,154 
9,790 
1,708 

8,499 



3,978 
4,521 



5,693 
1,619 



420,241 



75 

1,338 

568 



10,675 
2,212 



6,064 

3,673 

399 

2,486 



79 

1,431 

549 



11,062 
2,348 



6,419 

3,853 

401 



1,307 
1,179 



1,237 
412 



86,954 



1,346 
1,192 



1,222 
418 



8,511 



81 

1,431 

576 



10,829 
2,404 



6,500 

3,782 

401 

2,480 



88,649 
67,426 
44,783 
110,233 



147.863 



90,802 
66,112 
46,356 
109,737 



1,310 
1,170 



1,250 
404 



89,890 



4,920 
99,632 

43,316 



736,541 
162,500 



353,778 
178,453 
32,165 

157,851 



5,137 
109,368 
43,434 



777,643 
161,954 



418,192 
180,464 
32,272 



89,950 
71,661 
45,705 
112,728 



164.132 



5,515 
114,819 
43,793 



801,673 
175,410 



415,931 
183,605 
32,729 



74,060 
83,791 



108,749 
30,177 



1,909,392 



7,644,392 



78,790 
77,577 



103,699 
30,705 



2,015,361 



7,764,035 



75,062 
77,363 



112,643 
30,133 



2,065,731 



8^11,889 



18 
22 
336 



291 
75 



69,686 

39,166 

1,056,301 



74,049 
932,848 

189.667 



1,712 
2,134 
76,495 



5,805 
55,437 



1,026 

573 

26,794 



1,%5 
14,038 



255 

142 

7,342 



466 
2,738 



267 

141 

7,465 



562 
2,798 



113 
133 

29 
17 
21 



118,923 
70,744 



974,573 
133,031 



459.732 



204,141 
133,181 
22,122 
69,149 
31,139 

941,997 



13,985 
10,716 



100,760 
15,495 



38,127 



11.3 
15.1 



10.3 
11,6 



3,967 
5,926 



30,789 
5,712 



6,203 



19,671 



73 

94 

127 



135,080 
605,178 
201,739 



13,140 
12,279 
2,151 
3,485 
2,072 

41,538 



9,192 
6,580 
1,217 
1,799 
883 

20,662 



326 
1,400 



8,770 
1,351 



3,416 



735 
1,392 



8,920 
1,340 



1,698 



3,393 



287 

157 

7,489 

581 
2,894 

2.140 



9,428 

22,239 

9,871 



5,196 
9,732 
5,734 



1,514 

1,115 

362 

296 

129 

3,429 



783 
1,676 
970 



1,474 

1,122 

366 

305 

126 

3,477 



742 
1,398 



8,728 
1,396 



3,521 



18,163 

12,424 

496,033 



32,828 
253,676 

182.537 



1,723 
972 



1,560 

1,141 

380 

315 

125 

3,577 



75,438 
107,099 



626,365 
111,031 



339,423 



19,480 
13,344 
508,977 



41,676 
260,957 

189.529 



20,513 
15,485 
528,657 



42,427 
279,682 



811 

1,770 

996 



163,358 
117,300 
22,413 
20,448 
15,904 

390,705 



72,063 
117,461 



629,447 
108,765 



112,500 



343,727 



104,232 
171,890 
114,583 



165,136 
116,343 
23,159 
23,158 
15,381 

364,383 



75,758 
108,231 



636,484 
117,640 



121,724 



353,751 



169,662 

122,472 

22,304 

24,350 

14,963 

399,541 



93,312 
166,833 
104,238 



112,699 
177,464 
109,378 



19,915 
33,302 



1,996 
1,732 
23,749 
1,239 
4,536 



50,186 



2,881 

40,695 

3,771 

2,339 

5,945 
112,645 

115,279 



4,685 

15,101 

8,050 

8,011 

16,794 

5,208 

1,509 

55,921 

22,649 

18,717 



4,220 
6,293 
4,147 
4,057 



18,888 



632 
15,437 
2,319 



76,971 
30,972 



29,857 
7,333 
7,084 

7,939 



3,597 
4,342 



5,042 
1,996 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 1.15 

Table 1 E.-WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENTS-UNITED STATES, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948-Con. 

Establishments, Sales. Expenses, Pay Roll, Personnel, and Stocks 





EsQb- 
lish- 
menta 

(Number) 


Sales 


Dpoating expenses^ 
(inc. pay roUy ] 


Pay roll, 
entue 
year 

(Thotuand 
dollars) 


Active 
proprie- 


Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest — 


Pay roll, workweek ended nearest — 


stocks on 
[land, end 


Type of operation and Idnd of business 


entire 
year 

(.Thousand 
dollars) 


Amount 

(TliouMnd 
dollars) 


Per- 
cent 
of 
Gales 


tors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(Num- 
ber) 


March 15 
(Number) 


July 15 
(Number) 


Nov. 15 
(Number) 


March 13 
(Dollars) 


July 15 
(Dollars) 


Nov. 15 
(Dollars) 


of year, 
at cost 

Thousarui 
dollars) 


Type by Kind of Business —Continued 
Manufacturers' snles offices— Ccmtinued 
Furniture, home furnishings: 


51 


19,120 


1,554 


8.1 


907 


12 


161 


168 


170 


16,362 


17,581 


18,045 






30 
21 

269 


11,803 
7,317 

344.649 


1,073 
431 

18,905 


9.1 
6.6 

5.5 


613 
294 

9,304 


12 
5 


106 
55 

1,938 


103 
60 

1,908 


108 
62 

1,922 


11,921 
4,941 

168,753 


12,078 
5,503 

162.103 


12,374 
5,671 

174,063 


... 












31 
126 

112 

25 
338 
405 

143 
556 


16,074 

253,599 

74,976 

58,752 

139,321 

1,013,092 

268,091 
925.223 


1,007 
9,775 
8,123 

2,370 
28,511 
43,241 

19,200 
31.393 


6.3 

3.8 

10.8 

4.0 
20.5 
4.3 

7.2 
3.4 


720 
4,366 
4,213 

1,172 
23,402 
13,932 

8,052 
14,971 


5 

1 
2 

4 

7 


123 

743 

1,072 

180 
4,432 
3,525 

2,026 
2.875 


121 

779 

1,008 

172 
4,478 
3,563 

2,131 
2.982 


120 

7% 

1,006 

172 
4,545 
3,691 

2,029 
3.033 


13,673 
75, %9 
79,106 

19,565 
424,069 
356,366 

149,199 
260.133 


14,434 
72,388 
75,281 

18,925 
410,403 
356,786 

159,549 
274.118 


15,640 
79,849 
78,574 

18,416 
441,205 
367,309 

156,705 
234.968 


... 










Paper and its products: 






... 








... 


Electrical goods: 

Wiring supplies, construction materials, 




Wiring supplies, construction materials.... 


220 
336 
101 

68 

370 


403,618 
521,605 
721,447 

71,554 
465 .663 


14,152 
17,241 
9,372 

5,574 
20,454 


3.5 
3.3 
1.3 

7.8 
4.4 


5,628 
9,343 
5,193 

2,078 
11,005 


"i 

3 
7 


1,032 

1,343 

850 

381 
2,132 


1,071 

1,911 

867 

392 
2,124 


1,079 

1,954 

340 

806 
2,162 


100,165 
159,968 
102,146 

38,779 
202,659 


103,400 
170,718 
112,338 

36,842 
206,125 


109,264 
175,704 
114,981 

39,287 
217,480 


:" 


Electrical appliances, specialties 

Hardware, plumbing, heating: 




Plumbing, heating equipment, supplies 


* • ■ 


69 

57 

93 

151 

54 
369 


257,519 
39, %1 
49,402 

118,786 

81,907 
997,459 


5,920 
4,070 
3,518 
6,946 

5,255 

77,579 


2.3 

10.2 

7.1 

5.8 

6.4 
7.8 


3,295 
1,671 
1,912 
4,127 

1,913 
23,292 


2 
2 

3 

11 
6 


665 
270 
382 
815 

282 
6,028 


663 
275 

379 
807 

304 
6,232 


66^ 
277 
380 
337 

326 
6,218 


61,141 
28,677 
35,823 
77,018 

31,700 
467,726 


62,281 
29,575 
36,744 
77,525 

31,720 
486,652 


64,169 
32,977 
37,365 
82, %9 

32,597 
483,331 


.,, 




.,, 




..> 


Air conditioning, ventilating equipment.,,. 
Lumber, construction materials: 






.., 




74 
88 
37 
81 
89 

380 


109,236 
258,86« 
164,350 
266,273 
198,732 

84,027 


6,426 
32,621 

1,646 
22,667 
14,219 

19.617 


5.9 
12.6 
1.0 
8.5 
7.2 

23.3 


1,973 
8,553 
926 
10,809 
6,031 

14.568 


4 

1 

1 

14 


550 
2,101 

174 
1,973 
1,230 

2.893 


552 
2,152 

195 
2,077 
1,256 

3,026 


555 
2,076 

199 
2,122 
1,266 

3.103 


35,585 
143,699 

15,048 
159,071 
109,323 

267,484 


158,292 

17,087 

166,131 

108,502 

256,290 


153,445 
18,754 
168,510 
109,381 

286,712 


... 




.,, 








... 


Miscellaneous construction materials 

Machinery, equipment, supplies: 






31 

271 

36 

42 

49 
17 


U,763 
39,579 
12,269 
17,416 

63,220 
210,828 

1,915.550 


859 

15,207 

1,771 

1,780 

5,063 
8,321 

82,538 


5.8 

38.4 
14.4 
10.2 

8.0 
3.9 

4.3 


569 

11,494 

1,129 

1,376 

1,605 
3,281 

44.392 


4 

4 
5 

1 

26 


121 

2,434 

154 

139 

251 
632 

8.500 


123 

2,545 

162 

196 

259 
707 

8,723 


125 

2,629 

143 

206 

263 
737 

8.847 


10,155 

215,772 

16,686 

24,871 

24,907 
51,947 

790.367 


10,142 

202,240 

13,905 

25,003 

25,920 
57,758 

816,546 


10,030 

234,780 

17,268 

24,634 

26,971 
61,219 

841,093 


• ., 




... 




... 






Farm-dairy machinery , equipment 

Industrial machinery, equipment, supplies 




16 
61 

122 
73 
85 
53 

845 

81 
57 

64 


13,208 
44,012 
77,725 
30,189 
72,056 
56,486 
1,621,874 

67,882 
22,641 

198.767 


704 
2,842 
6,232 
2,853 
4,037 
4,627 
61,243 

3,852 
1,350 

3.759 


5.3 
6.4 
8.0 
9.4 
5.6 
3.2 
3.8 

5.7 
6.0 

1.9 


331 
1,508 
3,324 
1,488 
1,912 
2,881 
32,948 

2,609 
862 

2.004 


"2 

1 
6 
6 

'11 

4 

6 

7 


75 
311 
506 
276 
437 
456 
6,439 

483 
170 

365 


76 
310 
511 
292 
463 
454 
6,617 

489 
169 

362 


79 
313 
516 
296 
486 
467 
6,690 

516 
180 

356 


5,8% 
32,765 
60,483 
26,273 
34,303 
47,286 
583,361 

48,458 
14,895 

36,818 


6,463 
31,370 
60,205 
27,407 
36,924 
52,011 
602,166 

49,867 
14,032 

37.649 


6,716 
31,676 
62,876 
23,399 
38,823 
54,834 
617,769 

51,463 
15,675 

37,082 




Belting, hose, packing 


... 




... 


Oil well, oil refining supplies 

Printing machinery, supplies (except paper) 
Miscellaneous Industrial machinery, supplies 


... 


Sei^ce establishment equipment, supplies.... 
Transportation (except automotive) equipment, 






47 
17 

729 

218 

64 

127 
64 

36 


188,231 
10,536 

5,410,524 
844,282 

138,637 

54,431 

361,539 

114.755 


3,222 
537 

115,163 
28,831 

7,355 
5,858 
7,855 

7.745 


1.7 
5.1 

2.1 
3.4 

5.3 

10.8 

2.2 

6.7 


1,725 
279 

38,364 
10,686 

3,412 
3,933 
3,464 

2.362 


"7 

10 

5 

4 
1 

1 


306 
59 

7,115 
2,465 

648 
688 
608 

565 


302 
60 

7,211 
2,553 

637 
683 
608 

553 


297 
59 

7,161 
2,571 

643 
700 
677 

570 


31,649 
5,169 

689,664 
196,517 

63,566 
75,753 
68,391 

43,155 


32,237 
5,412 

718,143 
205,187 

63,404 
68,182 
67,054 

42,835 


31,750 
5,332 

768,210 
212,013 

65,774 
73,255 
77,793 

44,079 


... 


Other transportation equipment, supplies... 
Metals, metal work (except Pcrap): 








Other manufacturers' sales offices: 










... 








19 

17 

56 

357 


68,934 
45,821 

44,823 
3.052.521 


4,357 
3,388 

2,515 
71.970 


6.3 
7.4 

5.6 
2.4 


1,297 
1,065 

1,795 
24.352 


1 

3 
12 


326 
239 

216 
4.715 


323 
230 

219 
4,803 


343 
227 

233 
4.769 


24,186 
18,969 

29,493 
432,957 


17,558 

31,393 

443,648 


18,069 

38,392 

458,873 




Fertilizers, agricultural chemicals 


... 


Manufacturers' sales offices, misc. products. 


... 


38 
22 
70 
31 
1% 


43,649 
168,091 
226,675 
385,701 
2,228,205 


1,144 
1,742 

10,545 
8,868 

49,671 


2.6 
1.0 
4.6 
2.3 
2.2 


681 

826 

4,443 

1,103 

17,299 


1 
11 


136 
146 
766 
175 
3,492 


142 
149 
764 
179 
3,569 


142 
152 
774 
173 
3,523 


13,167 
14,741 
81,076 
13,265 
305,706 


13,649 
15,224 
80,016 
19,247 
315,712 


15,724 

84,241 

19,54i 

325,654 






... 


Textiles and materials other than dry goods 




Manufacturers' spies offices, n.e.c 





See footnotes at end of table. 



L16 WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 

Table 1 E.-WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENTS-UNITED STATES, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948-Con. 



Establishments. Sales, Expenses, Pav Roll, Personnel, and Stocks 



Type of operation and kind of business 



Estab' 

hsh- 

ments 



(Number) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Operating expenses 
(inc. pay roll)' 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 



Pay roll, 
entue 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propnc- 
tora,* 
Novem' 
bcr 

{Hum- 
bcr) 



f^d employees, workweek 
ended nearest — 



March IS 
(Xumbcr) 



July 15 
(Number) 



Nov. 15 
Wumber) 



Pay roll, workweek ended nearest- 



March 15 
(Dollars) 



July 15 
(Dollar!) 



Nov. 15 
(Dollars) 



Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year, 

at cost 

^Thousand 
dollart) 



Type by Kind of BusinesB — Continued 



Petroleuni bulk stations, terminals 

ReCiner-marJteter stations 

Marketers without refining facilities. 
Marketers of liquefied petroleum gas.. 



Agents, brokers, total. 



Groceries, confectionery, meats 

Groceries, foods (except as specified). 

Confectionery 

Fish, sea foods 

Meats , meat produc ts 



Farm products (edible) 

Dairy, poultry products.... 
Fruits, vegetables (fresh). 



Beer, wines, distilled spirits. 

Beer, ale 

Wines, distilled spirits 



Drugs, chemicals, allied products. . 

Drugs , drug sundries 

Industrial chemicals, explosives. 
Paints , varnishes 



Tobacco and products (except leaf) . 



Dry goods , apparel 

Clothing, furnishings (general line) 

Men's, boys' clothing, furnishings 

Women's, children's clothing, furnishings. 

Furs (dressed), fur clothing 

Millinery, millinery supplies 

Shoes , other footwear 

Dry goods (general line) 

Hosiery, underwear 

Piece goods 



Furniture, home furnishings 

Furniture (household, office) 

Home furnishings, floor coveriivgs. 



Paper and its products 

Stationery, office supplies. 
Other paper products 



Farm products (raw materials) 

Cotton 

Grain 

Hides , skins , raw furs 

Livestock (except horses, mules) 

Tobacco (leaf) 

Wool , mohair 

Miscellaneous inedible farm products. 



Automotive 

Automobiles, other motor vehicles 

Automotive equipment, tires and tubes. 



Electrical goods 

Wiring supplies, apparatus 

Electrical appliances, specialties. 



Hardware , plumbing, heating 

Hardware 

Plumbing, heating equipment, supplies. 



Lumber, construction materials. 

Lumber, millwork 

Other construction materials. 



Machinery, equipment, supplies 

Commercial machines, equipment . .- 

Construction machinery, equipment 

Farm-dairy machinery, equipment 

Industrial machinery, equipment, supplies. 

Professional equipment, supplies 

Service establishment equipment, supplies. 
Transportation (except automotive) equip- 
ment, supplies 



Metals, metal work (except scrap) . 

Iron, steel and products 

Nonferrous metals, metal work... 



Waste materials 

Iron, steel scrap 

Other scrap, waste materials 

Other agents , brokers 

Amusement, sporting goods 

Books, periodicals, newspapers 

Coal, coke 

Farm supplies 

Jewelry 

Petroleum and products 

Agents and brokers , miscellaneous products.. | 

See footnotes at end of table. 



19,053 

10,074 

324 

«,361 

3,171 



2,883 
147 
58 
S3 

1,155 



195 
960 



182 
251 



245 
358 
824 
94 
135 
182 
392 
225 
838 

1.045 



7,392,698 

3,136,347 

86,605 

34,610,092 

5,487,102 
4,740,299 

100,226 
32,460 

614,117 

1,778,371 



387,457 
1,390,914 



11,839 
52,348 



90,155 

270,335 

32,158 

5,520 

5,497,838 



484 
561 



105 
302 



3,744 



362 
356 
216 
1,864 
674 
171 
101 

556 



62 
494 



945 
367 



497 
739 



519,560 

215,723 

721,486 

56,627 

57,494 

78,229 

625,591 

223,685 

2,999,443 

469,963 



627,978 
310,803 
17,293 

894,395 

108j079 
98,907 
3,733 
1,401 
4,038 

53,212 



5,930 
47,282 



639 
2,143 



5,499 
10,646 
1,368 



173,992 



"ITT 
9.9 

20.0 



5.4 

4.1 



204,345 
265,613 



251.077 



25,076 
226,001 



11,739,902 



335,198 
1,616,616 

352,086 
7,312,305 
1,007,856 

407,319 

208,522 

459,614 



86,535 
373,079 



477,298 
206,255 



U,189 

9,360 

23,742 

1,845 

2,955 

3,537 

14,482 

10,404 

96,428 

27,779 



13,015 
14,764 



1,831 
8,769 



137,688 



7,087 
14,986 

9,356 
62,357 
35,700 

5,298 

2,904 

21,859 



345,847 



213,245 

125,173 

7,429 

350,148 



42,354 

1,221 

616 

1,094 



25,069 



2,523 
22,546 



124 
603 

7,281 



2,332 
4,409 
540 



63,214 



1,953 
19,906 



528 
260 



3,365 



339 

82 

64 

2,191 

109 

380 

200 



638 

105 



2,841 



336 

118 
201 
220 
369 
124 
1,473 



227,178 
241,253 



432,518 
106,768 

1,422,424 



75,938 
28,603 
28,993 

327,266 
22,124 

258,169 

131,331 



542,949 
183,344 



164,613 
35.949 



4,423,321 



149,937 
57,782 
655,757 
457,339 
121,966 
373,605 
2,606,935 



30,509 
11,700 



33,932 7.2 



2.2 
5.3 



6.4 
5.7 



5,546 

3,205 

8,407 

642 

964 

509 

4,660 

4,058 

35,223 

9,337 



16,278 

7,593 

81 

21,820 

2,938 



111,812 



111,053 



112,466 



2,639 
160 
49 

90 

933 



161 
772 



146 
168 
54 



3,090 



3,964 
5,373 



799 
3,105 



58,287 



2,303 
6,101 
4,438 
28,193 
13,683 
2,280 
1,284 

8,167 



791 
7,376 

13,970 



10,204 
3,766 



213 
337 
865 
95 
156 
180 
360 
206 
678 



67,355 

42,179 

2,278 

_9q,146 

10,736 



10,063 
299 
149 
225 

7,674 



710 
6,964 



27 
112 



614 
847 
142 



U,684 



460 
524 



1,406 
592 

2,141 
172 
254 
105 

1,117 
636 

5,261 

2,130 



67,117 
42,982 
2,367 

92J99 |J.01,650_ 



67,281 
41,447 
2,325 



10,960 



10 ,'232 
293 
158 

227 

7,710 



703 
7,002 



39 

123 



617 
"866 
149 



11,866 



98 
242 



3,705 



353 
260 
171 
2,009 
660 
166 



57 
432 

1,207 



14,167 
19,765 



17,934 
7,463 



94,417 



6,464 
2,229 
1,664 

64,928 
1,751 

10,205 

7,176 



20,964 
3,521 



5,292 
1,773 



113,160 



9,566 
6,691 

19,239 
7,565 
5,192 
7,283 

57,574 



3.2 
4.9 

2.6 



6.4 
11.6 
2.9 
1.6 
4.2 
1.9 
2.2 



4,782 
8,203 



4,736 
3,102 



38,669 



3,068 
1,227 

814 
26,430 

699 
3,606 

2,775 



7,171 
1,406 



2,313 
914 

43,507 



3,305 
2,839 
7,247 
3,316 
854 
2,432 
23,514 



867" 
340 



386 
1,244 



222 
651 



25,595 



"65J" 

1,430 

968 

17,982 

3,636 

551 

364 

1,761 



237 
1,524 



3,111 



470 
666 



439 
215 



2,841 



302 
54 
48 
1,867 
86 

344 

140 
603 



522 
86 



2,384 

315" 

112 



173 

389 

74 

1,240 



2,212 
899 



2,362 



1,166 
1,696 



1,432 
592 

2,133 
133 
243 
112 

1,113 
640 

5,363 

2,191 



10,962 




10,253 
304 
165 
235 

7,440 



786 
6,654 



36 
135 



642 
842 

141 



12,117 



1,293 



223 
658 



26,790 



645 

1,494 

887 

18,424 

4,440 

573 

327 

1,819 



246 

1,573 



2,319 
905 



2,957 



961 
826 



8,183 



T55 
259 
168 
5,448 
192 
739 

512 

1,786 



1,516 

270 



366 
207 



9,630 



992 
1,209 
753 
240 
372 
5,359 I 



1,183 
1,774 



1,405 
608 

2,252 
183 
252 
111 

1,196 
653 

5,457 

2,221 



6,486,011 



6,646,405 



4,179,405 

2,326,325 

140,675 

6,389,461 



6,840,356 



811,569 



735,623 
22,797 
9,605 

20,113 

465,206 



48,309 
416,897 



1,700 
9,499 

134,892 



43,193 
81,932 
9,767 



1,122,747 



896 
1,325 



223 
655 



35,492 



763 
1,479 

894 
19,786 
11,704 

4«7 

379 

1,823 



252 
,571 



2,307 
929 

2,982 



105,725 
59,587 

156,090 
10,187 
18,181 
9,851 
73,648 
69,872 

614,606 

172,453 



76,072 
96,381 



758,108 
22,560 
11,046 
19,855 

430,807 



4,262,580 
2,430,424 
147,352 

6,761,190 

832,369 



49,075 
431,732 



13,285 



2,909 
10,376 

135,315 



43,042 
81,717 
10,556 

1,057 

1,121,444 



110,646 
56,659 

155,755 
11,656 
17,255 
9,622 
75,084 
70,196 

614,571 

173.175 



775,464 
23,403 
11,137 
22,365 

468,634 



53,394 
415,240 



14,113. 



2,714 
11,397 



47,385 
79,615 
9,842 



1,U9,949 



75,633 
97,542 



15,344 
57,885 



914,052 



39,455 
99,162 
75,451 
506,805 
128,949 
39,396 
24,334 

144,455 



12,616 
Ul,339 



1,163 
1,814 



1,027 
801 



8,429 



-515" 
270 
177 
5,570 
197 
760 

539 



1,581 
280 



394 
202 

9,871 



739 
974 

1,286 
799 
237 
380 

5,456 



1,073 
828 



8,525 



"55S" 

259 

176 

5,639 

200 
757 

538 



1,578 
265 



348 
209 

9,857 



~75r 
989 

1,289 
776 
237 
401 

5,403 



178,838 
67,864 

223,876 



84,098 
139,778 



145,725 



35,161 
60,564 



691,988 



14,853 
58,476 

1,052,918 



39,167 
105,467 

72,109 
528,704 
243,842 

33,140 

25,439 

153,567 



13,136 
140,431 



196,057 
70,234 



88,610 
143,533 



103,272 
57,741 

166,018 
10,896 
18,641 
10,065 
82,198 
73,037 

623,081 

183,772 



78,869 

104,903 



16,250 
59,066 



1,338,167 



43,604 
106,069 

71,669 
569,921 
484,576 

35,450 

26,878 

159,706 



13,636 

146,070 



195,164 
76,057 



88,137 
149,768 



93,361 
61,094 



717,013 



56,534 
22,156 
14,923 
475,229 
13,640 
60,919 

43,587 



124,191 
23,679 



33,851 
17,362 



761,544 



57,562 
51,323 

119,553 
51,878 
15,610 
41,069 

424,549 



61,376 
22,996 
15,512 
487,320 
13,329 
63,322 

52,658 



127,141 
25,797 



51,907 



35,565 
16,342 



798,198 



58,763 
50,656 

130,307 
56,097 
15,738 
51,994 

434,093 



96,713 
63,920 



728,944 



63,193 
21,143 
16,396 
494,523 
13,953 
64,721 

55,005 

153,893 



131,619 
27,274 



34,148 
17,199 



791,882 



50,368 
127,083 
55,796 
16,852 
46,209 
431,479 



709,205 



526,929 

176,097 
6,179 

63,829 



9,002 



3,551 

34 
376 

41 

3,640 



705 
2,935 



136 
424 



1,427 
191 

1,120 
116 



21 



3,U3 



306 

490 

458 

111 

9 

33 

358 

466 

5,912 

991 



329 
662 



219 
293 



18,183 



5,074 
2,369 
1,373 
3,593 
1,118 
2,118 
1,538 

802 



233 

569 

1,872 
1,494 



487 
1,704 

2.260 
1,768 



7,966 

— ms 

552 
353 

4,951 
109 
866 

267 



1,089 
899 
190 



461 
71 

9,633 



Z2!3 

160 

428 

1,309 

3,210 

173 

3,933 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 1.17 

Tabic 1 E.-WHOLESALE ESTABLISHMENTS-UNITED STATES, BY TYPE OF OPERATION AND KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948-Con. 

Establishments, Sales, Expenses, Pay Roll, Personnel, and Stocks 



Type of opention and Idnd of buamesa 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Number) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Operating expenses 
(inc. pay roU)^ 



(Thousand 
dollcTs) 



Per- 
cent 
of 
sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
proprie- 
tors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(Num- 
ber) 



Paid employees, workweek 
ended nearest — 



March 15 

{dumber) 



July 15 
Mumbcr) 



Nov. 15 
Qiumbcr) 



Pay roll, workweek ended nearest - 



March 15 
(Dollors) 



July 15 
(Dollars) 



Nov. IS 
(Dollors) 



Stocks on 

hand, end 

of year, 

at cost 

(Thousund 
dollars) 



Type by Kind of Business — Cont inued 



ABsefflblers (oaiiil; farm products], total. 



Groceries, confectionery, meats: 
Fish, sea foods 



Other grocery, food specialties 

Dried fruits, nuts 

Miscellaneous grocery specialties. 

Farm products (edible): 

Dairy, poultry products 

Fruits, vegetables (fresh) 



Farm products (raw materials): 

Cotton 

Grain 

Hides, skins, raw furs 

Livestock (except horses, mules) 

Tobacco (leaf) 

Wool , mohair 

Miscellaneous inedible farm products. 

Other assemblers; 



Farm supplies 

Feed 

Seeds 

Miscellaneous farm supplies. 



Assemblers, miscellaneous products. 



10,957,893 66*,«)5 



US, 225 27,823 
27,80^ 



206,617 



3,939 
2,137 



1,238 

8,380 

166 

1,532 

75 

82 

466 



"Tsf 

163 
63 

25 



170,372 
36,245 



1,618,011 
1,102,832 



920,720 

i, 192, 851 

44,139 

2,233,335 

128,105 

62,015 

175,644 



151,167 



69,119 
60,689 
21,359 

4,232 



22,209 
5,595 



1U,249 
254,602 



24,793 

146,881 

3,698 

28,717 
3,332 
3,592 

14,249 



U.O 
15.4 



7.1 
23.1 



2.7 
3.5 

8.4 
1.3 
2.6 
5.8 
8.1 



5,049 
7,005 
2,023 

588 



7.3 
11.5 
9.5 



308,683 



10,1U 



138,739 



139,184 



5,569,208 



14,347 



501 
125 



9,502 
6.278 



6,544 



5,192 



10,181 
2,739 



51,525 
121,800 



8,393 
71,569 
1,930 
10,188 
1,840 
1,296 
5,956 



2,756 
1,352 



938 

2,427 

137 

1,273 

56 

69 

214 



5,126 
1,152 



21,557 
59,663 



2,581 
26,915 

762 
4,513 
1,816 

372 
2,132 



3,471 
1,721 



23,211 
58,939 



2,779 

31,221 

781 

4,597 
790 
525 

1,838 



12,364 
11,576 



2,388 

3,299 

943 



115 
83 
48 



835 

1,313 

3U 



961 

1,299 

377 



9,871 
1,705 



23,977 
64,848 



5,074 

28,636 

795 

4,814 
716 
380 

2,956 



2.755 



260,119 
214,037 



169,812 
44,225 



932,999 
2,279,728 



115,560 

1,258,803 

33,816 

183,316 
57,131 
18,462 
92,398 



188,826 



942 

1,501 

312 



43,638 

60,859 
13,652 



129,427 
59,399 



1,032,699 
2,446,852 



129,165 

1,492,088 

33,639 

186,296 
28,642 
24,192 
37,303 



131,447 



47,124 
65,488 
18,835 



367,050 
71,440 



1,058,747 
2,680,956 



234,610 

1,359,151 

36,358 

199,530 
27,085 
19,208 

132,707 



128,952 



45,530 
71,100 
12,322 



432,367 



3,859 



15,383 
6,047 



36,277 
33,777 



43,953 

193,213 

2,599 

6,895 

54,767 
3,093 

22,233 



2,917 

6,254 

638 



" Proprietors of unincorporated businesses, 
n.a. Not available or not applicable, 
n.e.c. Not elsewhere classified 

^ Entries for a,jents and brokers represent brokerage or commission received. 



1.18 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 1 F.— WHOLESALE ESTABLmMENTS— TYPE OF OPERATION, BY GEOGRAPHIC DIVISION AND STATE: 1948 



Establishments and Sales 



Geographic division and State 



Total, all 
operating types 



Estab- 

lish- 

ments 

(Alum- 
ber) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 

[ThousaTui 
dollars) 



Merchant 
wholesalers 



EsCab- 

Ush- 
ments 
(Num- 

bcr) 



Sales. 

entire 

year 

(Thousand 

dollars) 



Manufacturers' 
sales branches 
(with stocks) 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
(Num- 
ber) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 

{Thoiisand 
dollars) 



Manufacturers' 

sales offices 
(without stocks) 



Estab- 
Ush- 
ments 

(>(um- 



Sales, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Petroleum bulk 
stations, terminals 



Estab 
Liab 
ments 
(Hum- 



Sales, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 



Agents and brokers 



Estab 
lish- 
ments 
(Num- 
_be:L. 



Sales, 

entire 

year 

(Xhousand 

dollars) 



Afisemblera (mainly 
farm products) 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 
(Num- 
M 



Sales, 
entile 
year 

(TTiotudnd 
dollars ) 



United States, total. 

Geographic Divisions: 

Hew England *. . 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South At. :; tic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mounts'n 

Pacific 

New England: 

Maine 

New Hampshire 

Vermont 

Massachusetts 

RJiode Island 

Connecticut 

Middle Atlantic: 

New YorK 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 

East North Central; 

Ohio 

Indiana 

Illinois 

Michigan 

Wisconsin 

Wes* North Central: 

Minnesota 

Iowa 

^ilssouri 

North Daltota 

South Dakota 

Nebraska 

Kansas 

South Atlantic. 

Delaware 

Maiyland 

District of Columbia 

Virginia 

West Virginia 

North Carolina 

South Carolina 

Georgia 

Florida 

East South Central: 

Kentucky 

Tennessee 

Alabama 

Mississippi 

West South Central: 

Arkansas 

Louisiana 

Oklahoma 

Texas 

Mountain: 

Montana 

Idaho 

Wyomin^ 

Colorado 

New Mexico 

Arizona 

Utah 

Nevada 



Pacific: 
Wash''nf:ton. 

Oregon 

California. 



79,766,589 



15,716 



29,^29,717 



10,615,650 



24,361 



34,610,092 



10,957,893 



13,123 
64,046 
47,412 
31,. -iU 
22,430 
10,318 
20,441 
8,615 
25,167 



927 

513 

393 

7,788 

1,136 

2,361 



43,786 
5,695 
14,565 



11,099 
5,325 

17,454 
8,434 
5,100 



6,075 
5,980 
7,846 
2,261 
1,829 
3,183 
4,640 



370 
3,076 
1,114 
3,000 
1,737 
3,962 
1,609 
3,844 
3,718 



2,456 

3,529 
2,597 
1,736 



2,147 
3,068 
3,668 
11,558 



1,396 
1,147 

463 
2,650 

718 

864 
1,123 

254 



4,147 
2,561 
18,459 



9,341,451 
57,747,832 
40,345,543 
21,988,833 
16,287,633 

7,597,253 
13,005,080 

4,270,113 
17,^05,013 



9,495 
48,834 
27,283 
11,639 
13,380 

5,8-9 
10,696 

3,956 
15,341 



4,601,924 
25,519,599 
15,400,305 
7,667,169 
6,689,604 
3,802,140 
6,205,261 
1,782,645 
8,097,442 



1,136 
3,261 
3,349 
1,560 
1,681 

655 
1,427 

534 
2,123 



M 

9,298,369 

6,419,923 

2,618,019 

(x) 

375,124 

1,837,391 

538,291 

3,061,680 



504 
2,503 
2,122 
640 
736 
205 
523 
131 
639 



(x) 

3,814,748 

6,769,221 

1,594,327 

(x) 

564,984 

1,134,854 

172,591 

1,749,710 



664 
1,808 
6,022 
7,703 
2,919 
1,666 
3,884 
2,209 
2,576 



315,814 

1,943,289 

2,159,342 

1,161,294 

1,380,272 

582,635 

914,328 

412,182 

1,241,494 



1,140 
7,065 
5,175 
2,327 
2,359 
1,049 
1,562 
500 
3,184 



(x) 
11,632,136 
7,418,798 
4,996,904 

(x) 

1,590,973 

1,320,299 

746, 694 

2,470,702 



194 
575 
3,456 
7,945 
1,355 
854 
2,349 
1,285 
1,255 



490,529 
188,998 
168,216 

6,396,231 
722,552 

1,374,925 



43,140,120 
3,596,934 
11,010,828 



9,468,871 
3,227,141 
18,136,506 
6,683,754 
2,329,271 



5,026,505 
3,361,733 
7,420,868 
,939,420 
791,608 
2,354.449 
2,094,230 



483,721 
2,057,749 
1,242,601 
2,033,470 
1,076,754 
3,129,666 
1,008,042 
3,264,294 
1,991,316 



1,784,338 

3,477,171 

1,677,829 

957,915 



851,613 
2,227,058 
1,729,240 
8,197,169 



587,330 
415,822 
153,477 
1,628,603 
259,969 
420,481 
724,933 
79,498 



2,643,174 
1,891,251 
13,270,588 



590 
354 
239 

5,539 
946 

1,827 



33,599 
4,743 
10,492 



6,821 
2,852 
9,339 
4,938 
2,788 



2,406 
1,975 
4,135 
325 
349 
1,079 
1,370 



231 
2,114 

692 
1,753 
1,234 
2,141 

396 
1,973 
2,346 



1,439 

2,002 

1,524 

924 



1,008 
1,811 
1,702 
6,175 



412 
333 
212 
1,288 
403 
489 
670 
144 



2.329 

1,494 

11,518 



250,576 
109,321 
80,901 
,015,927 
356,054 
789,145 



18,869,076 
1,966,467 
4,684,056 



4,014,837 
1,381,135 
6,148,547 
2,445,186 

1,411,050 



2,005,399 
960,879 

2,822,858 
179,094 
176,063 
713,606 
809,270 



37,091 
936,428 
497,742 
972,535 
578,203 

1,065,944 
467,203 

1.084,654 
999,804 



795,646 

1,798,836 

783,012 

424,596 



418,065 
1,183,511 

735,897 
3,867,788 



196,552 
125,143 

83,167 
634,268 
153,525 
228,391 
306,690 

54,904 



1,271.433 

95', 632 

5,672,377 



89 
48 
32 
664 



1,830 

321 

1,110 



956 
304 
1,175 
623 
291 



332 
263 
614 
39 
35 
149 
128 



44 
201 
123 
215 
144 
264 

93 
386 
211 



115 

239 

191 

60 



77 
246 
210 
894 



57 
52 
23 

181 
33 
64 

108 
16 



355 

189 
1,579 



61,315 

(x) 

17,495 

1,227,077 

123,901 

204,466 



6,350,949 

697,332 

2,250,088 



1,625,973 

271,582 

3,035,377 

1,128,476 

353,015 



567, 654 
240,071 
,315,199 
70, 771 
35, 684 
239,482 
149, 158 



(x) 
347, 858 
251,734 
253,037 
155,770 
448,103 

76,344 
771, 534 
290,314 



147,911 
433,791 
249,962 
43,460 



52,651 

392,844 

218,993 

1,172,903 



47,472 
13,233 
13,677 

268,347 
11,795 
42,231 

132,612 
3,924 



367,657 

273,046 

2,420,977 



4 
369 
26 
89 



1,665 
122 
716 



653 
125 
329 
389 
121 



161 
53 
359 
6 
3 
30 
28 



13 
99 

116 
63 
34 
92 
20 

235 
64 



19 

95 

67 

342 



105 
42 
541 



18,750 
(x) 
1,794 
720,810 
66,080 
81,101 



6,454,477 

250, 143 

2,110,128 



1,735,586 

271,954 

2,923,110 

1,488,909 

344,662 



382,837 
120,070 
999,905 
5,373 
3,562 
50,278 
32,302 



(x) 
260,112 
306,287 
156,715 

48,399 
278,199 

35,606 
530,354 
136, 167 



146,752 

207,431 

196,840 

13, 961 



23,957 
162, 698 
114,128 
834,071 



9,293 

2,622 

985 

113,763 

607 

10,259 

35,062 



155,517 

102,502 

1,491,691 



153 
85 
74 

196 
38 

118 



820 
237 
751 



879 
1,095 
1,741 
1,082 
1,225 



1,468 

1,810 

1,167 

697 

617 

656 

1,288 



162 
10 
410 
175 
664 
340 
572 
545 



433 
344 
434 
455 



523 

474 

814 

2,073 



472 
371 
180 
473 
230 
209 
180 
94 



610 

437 

1,529 



98,420 
39,413 
31,209 
327,677 
100, 521 
218,574 



338,047 
501,824 
608,418 



523,625 
325,763 
550,942 
495,618 
263,389 



268,951 
256,450 
260, 742 
71,590 
72,563 
100,154 
130,844 



19,876 
171,419 

33,858 
212,000 

91,921 
275,343 
126,102 
189,510 
260,243 



155,917 
172,752 
150,856 
103,110 



93,418 
153,440 
147,849 
509,621 



53,157 
59,858 
29,138 
98,082 
41,631 
62,926 
46,720 
20,670 



236,511 
168,255 
836,723 



13 

957 



5,494 

220 

1,351 



1,139 
327 

2,437 
925 
347 



513 

285 

1,052 

38 

57 

218 

164 



16 
325 
170 
314 
118 
558 
160 
449 
249 



292 
432 
209 
'116 



134 
271 
171 
986 



39 
30 

261 
21 
49 



414 

228 

2,542 



24,546 

457 

6,868 

,036,620 

M 

51,414 



10,247,762 

149,101 

1,235,273 



1,201,027 
548,295 

4,469,002 
909,845 
290,629 



1,107,434 
723,292 

1,702,173 
103,113 
179,152 
807,003 
369, 687 



(x) 
287,834 
151,190 
351,079 
190,992 
834,777 
230,085 
503,491 
175,512 



472,937 
736,050 
198,403 
183,583 



88,122 

275,785 

279,372 

1,177,020 



95,815 
77,890 
11,741 

332,724 
33,535 
49,945 

145,044 



378,688 

249,215 

1,642,799 



378 
52 
145 



646 

622 

1,433 

427 

323 



1,195 
1,594 

519 
1,156 

768 
1,051 
1,662 



25 

175 

3 

245 

32 
243 
100 
229 
303 



135 
377 
172 
170 



386 

171 

704 

1,083 



406 
352 

36 
373 

28 



334 
171 
750 



(x) 

534,741 

2,177,454 

3,951,120 

(x) 

481,397 

1,092,947 

617,710 

1,183,985 



36,922 
5,393 
29, 949 
68,120 
(x) 
30,225 



379, 809 

32,067 

122,865 



367,773 
428,407 
1,004,023 
215,720 
161,526 



694,180 
1,055,971 
320,011 
509,479 
324,584 
443,926 
602,969 



(x) 

54,098 
1,790 

83,104 

11,469 
227,320 

72,702 
134,751 
129,276 



65,175 
128,261 

98,756 
139,205 



170,400 

53,730 

233,001 

635,766 



185,041 
132,071 
14,769 
181,419 
18,876 
26,729 
58,805 



233,368 
144,601 
306,016 



Withheld to avoid disclosure. 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1.19 



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1.28 



WHOLESALE TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



2 -* - 

S "1: 



■S " 
5i i 



J.- 

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BBS 



3 e S 
•S 3 g: 



Is- 



611 



6 B i 



11 3 












a - « .= 



3 E^ 



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NT i-> O to .O 
ry r^ C^ rH o 
O^ O O (^ c^ 



161,236 
47,450 
36,295 
24,976 
11,263 

147,873 


19,939 
9,848 
13,723 

9,370 
8,199 


c. m > V oj .o 
N ry .0 TV .O <-t 


S;!?iSSSS 



m O (^ O -"t '*^ 
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in f. 



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r\ O lA Oi CO < 



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\ r^ r-t en c 
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->rXX XX XXX 



r IN <N -H fM 



X X X Nj t-. X ^ 



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(M <y ; 



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tM rH CO in 



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to *o 



CT>r^«£it^vo-tfCT-ino^ 



coeosOiN r-too-.jc-i-j'tofnr-t 
o^^n■^r(-^ coo^vomontmnto 



- to a^ o o r~ f 



^r-ov(MCT>ooo-**n>f)niin(n'0.' 
r^lnO'ncM-£>^•o^O<^l-^^OfM(-^^' 

CMCMCM'NrHnjnjr-lrHtMrHrHrHr-l 



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335 



^ m V --J \0 

1 m > tSl -sj 

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bS-^ a g- 



307,941 
111,105 
104,650 
47,699 
77,685 
42,438 


68,100 
32,633 
44,829 
16,242 
61,859 
20,979 
43,806 
16,122 


tOTO en O ^ «0 
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C' c~ c^ 

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CM >I rH rH (^ -, 
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o-«JO»D X(^na>r-fM>ffM-j-o : 



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c~- c~ r^ cj> v£> 



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5-SiS-^ 






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ft 



UNITED STATES SUMMARY 



1.29 



B 
O 



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< 
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O 
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t^ i 
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<a=i 



to w t 
m3 O u 



■\ CT>kriOo--i-c^OvoOfHin o 



S8 « 



_ _, _ ___ __ _^-._., >>fOO 

irtrHr-comcyOMCOcoOoeococMOvrn r-ic^mp* 



2is;a 



cototD(^t^<»f^Ju^ooc^■i) 



Hr^>fr^f\-jNf>j-^ 



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r^n-.rc^p-tooNC-iNu>i\ou^ro>ocot*-QCoOf^mvOo» 
(^inc----f>-«'n-j't^to.-Hto>r f^J[-^lr^.^oro*^lto^i)^or-■ 



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to \o ■fi to ^ 



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ar>jC^t-tOr^toi-"!NO>0'Pi'^mvOC^-^ iniOCOto 

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C^iO>Ou^t^'ACO'^<^eoC^l>-^ C^'AiTiiOfNIiTi^O^COO 



'H'£>rMr\jr^OOU^OO'tO'HO'A'^Tl'^iHiHCT>rHOk_ 

oor^rycor-iN(TivO>OCO-«tojiD--frH.-((^ir><^f^>0<\-^ 



HrNjfN«rt(MM00f^r-i\Or 

ii-lHrHCMi-lrHi-tr-l r 



4 c- ry in CO 



P--«frj>f>CO\OrHr 



5sa 






O'nn0ifN'Pt-'i>>H OOto(^J 

•ornr^Of^or-otc-^socTN'nry 



3 \0 <^ O to t-- "■ 



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CO o* -^ ^o -«r ■• 



^O^.J^^p--.J■c^^'■ 



H>ivOi-HtA-._»iri-^-J>f»Or 



(3-3 I 2;'JS 



80 O T» r 
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>f r-« .-i 



^ tf\ -^i o -^ "A > 



o\r-f^->*voco<H(MOHtooviriracv»x)-«ftofM-Nfr-ir>eo 

i-trH-HrHrH iH iHr-ti-t iH H H rHr-(HH 



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lA t- OJ (T. O 



3^f-^t6(M[^■^P-So^p 



ONtOt-'fliOOrHMrj-C'H COrHrH-TIAOOOJ 

a^•Jto•^o^-OOOc^to.^*^<^^Au^oeo^^ 



O(^m-o^^u^t^0'0*. 



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> ^^ V -i^ in o 



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^r^eo<^J-*OC^CT«■J■'Mn(^^ O* 

tiHinr-\0>i*nrH'.}(^f^ni «n 



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33" 



•?^ 



B-a g It 



isgJ 



... ._ 533 



A^r-Om-jrHfMCOD-r 
-co>om'^m<T'Ait^»Hr 
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^^0■^f--fO>(^c^JK 



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m M m >-. < o 




1.30 



WHOLESALE TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



S-3 













33 S3S 


S3 g 8 






■n n X m r-i ra 

C^ vD — >f ^ n 







JXKXXXKKXXXXKfnxK XX r-H 



"v to 0\ \D iH ^ y 



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liiii 



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,(N<n-4^n ^^■n.Or^'0>^>J■o^D'^ •t^fyji^vyc-c^i^ 



b:?-^ 






to m CM \0 ^ 
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m oj <M \0 m 



(j< c- to fn vo 

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m >J t^ (-1 rH 



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r; n fH o CO o 



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CO (7> vO 
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r\) O lA CM 

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t- f^ -H (T< 



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^OtO^<Mr'^TOf^Jt^|( 



1 r>j f^ >r >x) fv a> "^ ' 






374,557 
133,534 

(x) 
174,870 

39,229 
141,645 




^ »0 ^ O C3^ tf^ 
m \0 o r\, fM 


fMCotom>tinn>t 

fM n -} r\j CM (^ 



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^(niH~fy3ȣ)inc^ 



lJ>O(M0sfMt0t^f 
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1 (^ CM o lO o\ 






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i 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



CONTENTS 

Page 
Index to Kinds of Business in Tables 2A, 2B . 2C, 2D, 2E, and 2F 2.123 

Table 

2A Sales Size — Service Wholesalers and Manufacturers' Sales Branches — United States, by Kind of 

Business, 194-8 ^ 2.02 

Service Wholesalers 2 . 02 

Manufacturers ' Sales Branches 2 . 11 

2B Sales Size — Service Wholesalers, by Kind of Business — Geographic Divisions and Selected 

Standard Metropolitan Areas , 1948 2.15 

2C Operating Expense Ratios of Service Wholesalers — United States, by Kind of Business, by Sales 

Size, by Corporate Status, 1948 2.80 

2D Operating Expense Ratios of Service Wholesalers — Kind of Business, by Selected Standard 

Metropolitan Area, 1948 2.95 

2E Operating Expense Ratios of Manuf actxirers ' Sales Branches — United States, by Kind of 

Business, 1948 2.111 

2F Frequency Distribution of Operating Expense Ratios of Service Wholesalers — United States, by 

Kind of Business, by Sales Size 2.113 

P. 0. — 22 — W 2.01 



2.02 



WHOLESALE TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2A.— SALES SIZE - 



SERVICE WHOLESALERS AND MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES 
—UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS; 1948 

SERVICE WHOLESALERS 
Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of business 
and sales-siK group 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 
atjng 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
oil) as 
per- 
cent 
3f sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Hum- 
ha) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
hcr) 



Pay roll 



(Doltars) 



Kind of business 
and sales>size group 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousar^ 
dollars) 



Oper 

ating 

ex- 
penses 

(mc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Hum- 
ha). 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
he) 



Pay roll 
(Dollars) 



Service wholesalers, 
total' 



138,439 



71,954,691 



12.2 



4,853,433 



102,117 



1,456,169 



91,861,329 



$5,000,000 and over... 
$2,000,000— $4,999,999 
$1,000,000— .$1,999,999 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999. . . . 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

GROCERIES, CONFECTION- 
ERY, MEATS 

Groceries (general line), not 
sponsoring cooperative or 
voluntary groups^ total... 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999... 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Groceries (general line), 
voluntary group whole- 
salers, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

Under $200,000 

Confectionery, total 

$1,000,000 and over 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Fish, sea foods (fresh), 
total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Meats, meat products, total. 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999.. . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Canned foods, total 

$1,000,000 and over 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Coffee, tea, spices, total. 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . . 
$1 ,000,000— $1 ,999 ,999 .. . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



1,734 
4,920 
8,929 
15,082 
15,347 
14,181 
26,643 
22,214 
29,389 



18,663,265 
14,643,176 
12,534,209 
10,544,024 
5,923,909 
3,471,333 
3,827,613 
1,611,611 
735,546 



7.4 
10.8 
12 

14.3 
16.1 
17.2 
18.8 
20.4 
24.3 



783,924 
918,283 
885,258 
340,884 
518,910 
316,067 
362,308 
153,992 
73,812 



348 

1,542 

3,805 

8,382 

10,437 

10,554 

21,510 

19,036 

26,503 



203,916 
247,671 
244,431 
248,307 
163,207 
107,325 
135,320 
66,382 
39,610 



14,482,431 
16,871,877 
16,362,723 
15,817,242 
9,953,759 
6,094,733 
7,159,570 
3,306,103 
1,312,891 



2,998 



8.8 



178,906 



1,871 



60,593 



3,381,738 



63 
293 
743 
1,002 
509 
246 
121 

13 



542,060 

837,513 

,029,967 

722,784 

201,959 

60,945 

19,365 

926 

232 



12.1 
8.6 

7.7 
8.0 
3.3 
8.7 
10.0 
20.7 
37.9 



41,177 

4-4,300 

47,659 

32,611 

9,256 

2,780 

953 

97 

73 



85,413 



98 
391 
670 
372 
213 
103 
7 



11,133 

14,443 

16,748 

12,618 

3,795 

1,283 

463 

62 

38 



26,941 



791,817 

806,870 

901,410 

623,000 

180,563 

55,215 

18,775 

2,406 

1,682 



72 
172 
216 
130 

27 



1,942 



678,728 
529,176 
313,496 
97,339 
10,949 
3,209 
557 

364,669 



8.3 

8.0 



12.9 
51.9 



36,383 

26,928 

15,933 

5,184 

540 

226 

214 

23,623 



1,876 



10,657 

3,604 

5,375 

1,957 

218 

73 

52 

9,258 



699,785 
500,356 
292,015 
96,961 
10,532 
4,285 
3,499 

475 ,908 



23 
98 
171 
233 
456 
434 
522 



65,602 
66,974 
65,522 
56,392 
65,487 
30,925 
13,767 



338,123 



15.5 



4,432 
4,358 

4,499 
3,787 
4,068 
1,701 
778 



29 , 542 



20 
82 
149 
245 
463 
411 
506 



1,106 



1,200 
1,542 
1,661 
1,525 
1,771 
962 
597 



10,987 



37,793 
85,595 
88,468 
76,120 
81,658 
37,190 
19,084 



584,035 



21 
61 
131 
153 
153 
252 
206 
221 



62,419 
83,139 
89,375 
59,010 
37,406 
36,480 
14,711 
5,583 



14.3 
14.0 
14.6 
16.8 
16.9 
17.0 
19.5 
23.0 

7.4 



4,934 
5,905 
6,637 
4,593 
2,887 
2,823 
1,138 
575 

80,597 



84 
145 
137 
236 
220 
254 



1,344 
1,792 
2,149 
1,876 
1,163 
1,473 
781 
409 

24,465 



90,868 

111,232 

135,437 

91,341 

55,604 

58,761 

26,568 

. 13,724 

1,576,401 



36 

135 
324 
548 
563 
457 
684 
350 
234 



257,810 
401,969 
4/16,549 
393,608 
219,113 
111,890 
100,793 
25,694 
6,404 

356,679 



4.3 
6.9 
7.5 
8.1 
8.5 
3.1 
8.9 
10.8 
14.3 

10.2 



7,047 
16,028 
19,301 
18,308 
10,136 
4,362 
3,981 
1,111 
323 

17,506 



83 
245 
484 
606 
508 
765 
392 
237 



1,670 
4,020 
5,214 
5,639 
3,459 
1,725 
1,806 
622 
260 

6,233 



134,837 
302,185 
364,983 
363,582 
199,670 
89,356 
84,466 
26,486 
10,336 

349,100 



108 
126 
94 
251 
182 
195 



155,179 
73,719 
49,029 
23,173 
36,653 
13,763 
5,158 

578,310 



3.0 
10.7 
11.4 
12.2 
13.1 
14.2 
13.7 

7.4 



6,072 
3,861 
2,728 
1,370 
2,214 
879 
332 

19,197 



33 

81 
103 
109 
243 
163 
202 



1,759 
1,360 
984 
534 
910 
436 
250 

5,534 



122,534 
75,942 
55,222 
26,574 
41,937 
17,303 
9,083 

345,540 



30 
38 
32 
46 
86 
105 
160 



368,247 
90,041 
43,422 
28,649 
12,471 
11,089 
12,490 
7,550 
4,351 



3.8 
9.3 
14.2 
16.6 
17,9 
21.1 
21.3 
18.4 
19.9 



5,583 
3,705 
3,006 
2,293 
1,164 
1,202 
1,319 
632 
293 



,237 
887 
919 
698 
379 
423 
466 
296 
174 



93,891 
63,942 
52,811 
42,766 
20,854 
25,576 
24,726 
15,225 
5,749 



GROCERIES, CONFECTION- 
ERY, MEATS— Continued 

Dried fruits, nuts, total. 

$1,000,000 and over 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Flour, total 

$1,000,000 and over 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300 , 000— $499 , 999 

$200,000— $299 ,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99 ,999 

Under $50,000 

Frosted, frozen foods, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999.. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Miscellaneous grocery spe- 
cialties, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999.. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99 ,999 

Under $50,000 



FARM PRODUCTS (EDIBLE) 

Dairy, poultry products, 
total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999.. 

. $500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Fruits, vegetables (fresh), 
total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



BEER, WINES, 
DISTILLED SPIRITS 

Beer , ale , total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



3,177 



18 
54 
126 
276 
285 
251 
554 
585 
1,028 



6,185 



129 
338 
492 
829 
767 
767 
,260 
851 
752 



44 
230 
479 
890 
696 
795 
1,283 
972 
799 



5,645 



50 
184 
535 
697 
842 
1,469 
1,049 
819 



60,877 



10.1 



2,620 



1,407 



53,500 



33,471 
6,856 
6,972 
2,645 
3,434 
1,609 
890 

U3,454 



3.3 
11.9 
14.0 
12.0 
13.3 
15.9 
16.7 



1,288 
363 
423 
154 
208 
112 
67 



4,406 



385 
269 

274 
100 
169 
133 



23,586 
10,340 
10,658 
3,210 
5,211 
3,623 
1,872 

84,055 



57,331 
26,226 
10,754 
7,933 
8,736 
1,627 
847 

234,761 



7.6 
8.4 
3.8 
9.1 
9.0 
10.9 
16.4 

14.3 



2,014 
1,111 
477 
333 
307 
73 
91 

16,345 



569 
369 
171 
129 
135 
33 
50 

5,485 



37,566 
22,595 
8,075 
6,6U 
5,785 
1,697 
1,726 

333,132 



36,321 
54,830 
42,539 
45,336 
25,130 
14,338 
11,393 
3,695 
1,179 



1,105,265 



10.4 
13.4 
14.6 
14.0 
17.2 
16.8 
19.0 
19.2 
27.2 



10.2 



1,760 

3,764 

3,151 

3,148 

1,892 

1,193 

992 

309 

136 



57,079 



447 

1,003 

1,012 

1,041 

694 

512 

504 

167 

105 



19,618 



32,395 
77,006 
61,417 
65,263 
37,110 
25,769 
21,096 
8,004 
5,072 



1,105,541 



276,510 
143,251 
169,923 
192,833 
111,703 
61,263 
79,126 
41,034 
24,562 



4,179,305 



3.2 

7.6 
12.4 
11.6 
13.3 
14.0 
15.4 
13.2 
24.0 



12.9 



4,168 
5,903 
11,055 
11,928 
7,770 
4,565 
5,933 
3,320 
2,432 



298,395 



10 
13 
56 
171 
205 
206 
489 
563 
960 



1,099 
1,530 
3,354 
3,804 
2,749 
1,782 
2,395 
1,516 
1,339 



100,632 



77,169 
118,527 
209,818 
222,498 
153,092 

90,043 
116,420 

66,044 

51,930 



5,871,032 



1,155,540 
999,067 
690,029 
582,652 
297,823 
189,976 
181, 64i 
62,386 
20,183 



10.5 
13.3 
14.2 
14.3 
13.8 
13.6 
13.8 
U.8 
18.4 



9.3 



73,828 
77,619 
54,846 
43,578 
20,274 
12,367 
10,979 
3,582 
1,322 



155,283 



44 
99 
250 
665 
724 
730 
1,287 
307 
740 



7,128 



20,206 

23,774 

17,373 

16,638 

8,298 

5,484 

5,406 

2,040 

906 



51,423 



1,453,053 

1,509,336 

1,064,081 

865,696 

400,784 

252,496 

221,315 

74,524 

29,742 



370,939 
679,043 
657,868 
619,748 
345,855 
194,782 
136,302 
71,533 
21,108 



5.9 
8.2 
10.7 
10.8 
11.1 
11.3 
11.4 
12.4 
18.3 



14.2 



11,752 
30,276 
37,493 
34,655 
18,100 
9,664 
8,786 
3,409 
1,153 



106,285 



21 

205 

406 

962 

1,043 

981 

1,553 

1,083 

869 



4,807 



3,292 
8,464 
11,065 
11,328 
6,637 
3,805 
4,U2 
1,924 
801 



34,401 



242,816 
543,097 
680,434 
637,427 
342,189 
188,434 
177,752 
74,302 
28,106 



2,023,736 



147,387 
247,033 
363,972 
267,276 
206,285 
213,229 
77,713 
22,318 



11.4 
13.3 
14.2 
14.3 
15.0 
15.2 
15.5 
20.2 



10,588 
18,753 
26,617 
17,995 
13,734 
12,858 
4,177 
1,563 



26 
105 
384 
557 
638 
1,297 
957 
793 



2,639 
4,871 
7,773 
5,900 
5,014 
5,221 
2,034 
944 



198,032 
343,221 
493,514 
341,359 
264,520 
256,157 
88,316 
33,617 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.03 



Table 2A.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS AND MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES 
—UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 
SERVICE WHOLESALERS 
Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



K'TT^ of business 
and sales-size group 



BEER, WINES, DISTILLED 
SPntrrs — continued 

Wines, distilled spirits, 
total I \,UJ, 

♦5,000,000 and over 98 

$2,000,000— 14, 999, 999... 259 

$1,000,000--$!, 999,999... 292 

$500,000— $999,999 256 

$300,000— $i99, 999 138 

$200,000— $299,999 92 

$100,000— $199,999 124 

$50,000— $99,999 89 

Under $50,000 



latncs, CHEMICALS, 
ALLIED PRODUCTS 

Drugs (t.'eneral line), total 

$5,000,000 and over 42 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999... 121 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 90 

$500,000— $999,999 37 

Under $500,000 13 

Proprietary medicines, tol' 
letrles, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999.. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $*99, 999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Retailer-cooperatives — spe- 
cialty lines, total 

Drug sundries, total 1,012 

$2,000,000 and over 9 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 17 

$500,000~$999,999 51 

$300,000 — $499,999 87 

$200,000— $299,999 85 

$100,000— $199,999 190 

$50,000— $99,999 217 

Under $50,000 356 

Industrial chemicals, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . . 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 65 

$500,000 — $999,999 107 

$300,000— $499,999 96 

$200,000— $299,999 78 

$100,000— $199,999 142 

$50,000— $99,999 134 

Under $50,000 235 

Paints, varnishes, total. 

$2,000,000 and over... 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 21 

$500,000— $999,999 64 

$300,000— $499,999 90 

$200,000— $299,999 136 

$100,000— $199,999 274 

$50,000— $99,999 309 

Under $50,000 369 



TOBACCO 

Tobacco and products (exc. 
leaf), total 

$5,000,000 and over 50 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999... 223 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 458 

$500,000— $999,999 688 

$300tOOO— $499,999 494 

$200,000— $299,999 315 

$100,000— $199,999 361 

$50,000— $99,999 174 

Under $50,000 114 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(><um- 
bw) 



110 
142 
338 



Sales, 
cnare 
year 



Cnioiudnd 
dollars) 



Oper 
aang 
ex- 
penses 
(uic. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



2,390,797 



900,233 

779,209 

419, 508 

187,467 

53,880 

23,259 

18, 146 

6,542 



848,870 



312,072 
372,062 
132,265 
28,257 
4,214 



202,936 



36,119 
36,510 
29,853 
31,617 
21,857 
13,547 
1,,732 
10, 354 
7,347 



6,551 



271,976 



111,063 
22,080 
35,361 
32,974 

20,480 

26,085 

15,618 

8,315 

535,080 



154,748 
125,530 
38,388 
74,833 
36,872 
18,630 
20,122 
9,585 
6,322 

220,436 



11,513 
28,466 
42,731 
34,728 
32,802 
37,670 
22,543 
9,933 



378,630 

652,242 

632.936 

487,4^9 

192,631 

76,784 

53,748 

12,841 

2,965 



8.0 
8.9 
9.8 
11.9 
14.4 
16.5 
19.4 
23.0 
32.8 



11.9 



12.0 
11.7 
12.0 
12.1 
11.9 



29.8 



34.9 
39.6 
28.3 
23.9 
25.8 
21.1 
23.5 
27.6 
31.1 



18.5 



17.0 
21.3 
20.7 
17.0 
17.0 
18.5 
21.2 
27.5 



9.3 
14.3 
14.3 
18.5 
16.6 
19.2 
23.0 
25.7 
32.0 



22.6 



19.9 
20.0 
22.9 
24.2 
22.2 
22.8 
22.7 
25.7 



5.0 
4.8 
5.0 
5.4 
5.4 
5.5 
6.7 
7.6 
14.9 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Tlwjuiand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(7<um- 
ber) 



116, 768 



38,249 

37,336 

22,080 

11,397 

3,421 

1,718 

1,516 

660 

391 



65,836 



24,736 
28,302 

10,25:- 

2,237 

304 



24,609 



4,099 
5,518 
3,335 
3,727 
2,663 
1,454 
1,679 
1,218 
916 



19,708 



4,221 
1,959 
4,002 
2,933 
1,804 
2,305 
1,549 
935 

40,338 



8,548 
9,408 
6,241 
6,870 
3,208 
1,727 
2,318 
1,175 
843 

27,856 



1,467 
3,879 
5,641 
5,128 
3,976 
4,449 
2,289 
1,027 



74,586 



13,219 

19,617 

18,418 

14,275 

5,167 

1,882 

1,454 

402 

152 



6 
21 
32 
37 
87 
109 
254 



5 
3 
20 
78 
62 
157 
178 
252 



24 
38 
63 
71 
200 



149 
225 

278 



2,609 



9 
155 
363 
594 
507 
344 
356 
167 
114 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. IS 



Em- 
ployees 



ber) I (Dollars) 



28,707 



7,928 

8,82. 

5,826 

3,377 

1,147 

610 

536 

2.1 

137 



22,127 



7,969 

9,704 

3,493 

835 

126 



7,672 



1,040 
1,42/ 
1,046 
951 
962 
507 
668 
551 
520 



6,409 



1,042 
573 

1,211 
983 
573 
937 
647 
443 

9,661 



1,815 

2,127 

1,312 

1,619 

778 

472 

706 

423 

409 

8,565 



393 

990 

1,621 

1,495 

1,173 

1,457 

871 

505 



25,877 



3,742 

6,193 

6,395 

5,467 

2,137 

909 

732 

220 

82 



Pay roll 



2,281,674 



736,840 

731,301 

423,218 

232,037 

68,434 

36, ■.-70 

29,204 

13,751 

9,619 



462,231 
551,516 
191,636 
40, 526 
5,623 



499,404 



92,467 
101,658 
66,681 
68,873 
60,253 
29,130 
35,673 
24,862 
19,807 



378,411 



79,711 
40,073 
72,883 
53,953 
34,183 
46,884 
31,369 
19,355 

731, 166 



148,816 

179,570 

104, 163 

122,552 

58,128 

30,695 

45,904 

24,069 

17,269 

519,314 



25,269 
72,939 
105,340 
90,294 
74,413 
82,288 
46,642 
22,129 



227,493 

367,925 

354,264 

277.780 

101,090 

38, 562 

32,072 

9,249 

3,521 



Kind of business 
and sales-size group 



DRY GOODS, APPAREL 
Clothing, furnishings (gen- 
eral line), total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299, 999 

$100, 000- -$199, 999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Men's, boys' clothing,fum- 
ishings, total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000~$299, 999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50 000 — $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Women's, children's cloth- 
ing, furnishings, total... 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

' $500,000— $999,999 

$300, 000— $499, 999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Furs (dressed), fur cloth- 
ing, total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500, 000— $999, 999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100, 000— $199, 999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Millinery, millinery sup- 
plies, total 

$1,000,000 and over 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100, 000-$199, 999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Shoes, other footwear, total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500, 000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200, 000— $299, 999 

$100, 000— $199 ,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Work clothing, total. 

$1,000,000 and over 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Dry goods (general line), 
total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

Under $200,000 



Estab- 
Ush- 
ments 



(Num- 
_berL 



21 
44 
102 
150 
141 
292 
275 
385 



1,386 



22 

54 
121 
188 
146 
295 
246 
314 



9 
23 

44 
50 
65 

124 
103 
117 



9 
30 
48 
53 
97 
113 
119 



16 
43 
82 

77 
74 
111 
119 

115 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc- 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



160,556 



41,562 
33,040 
35,397 
22,236 
13,414 
13,101 
1,223 
583 



391,835 



96, 163 
60,620 
70, 570 
57,813 
34,727 
42,057 
20, 199 
9,686 



417,181 



79,818 
76,657 
83,393 
72,407 
36,396 
42,780 
17, 591 
8,139 



152,656 



29,480 
28,423 
30,779 
19,425 
15,796 
18, 182 
7,443 
3,128 



102,360 



24,641 
21,366 
18,409 
13,271 
13,678 
8,158 
2,837 

247,388 



59,782 
55,915 
56,020 
30,234 
17,696 
16,002 
8,858 
2,881 

42,777 



7,961 
7,703 
9,824 
6,519 
6,675 
3,007 
1,088 



446,919 



218,253 

122,448 

69,567 

30,871 

3,820 

757 

1,203 



10.5 
14.8 
13.4 
13.5 
13.6 
14.0 
17.3 
18.2 



14.3 



12.9 
13.0 
15.0 
15.7 
14.7 
14.3 
15.3 
17.6 



15.4 



13.5 
15.3 
15.3 
15.6 
15.0 
16.7 
18.1 
20.1 



10.8 



6.5 
9.3 
U.2 
12.4 
12.4 
13.8 
13.1 
18.6 



18.1 



13.0 
17.0 
19.7 
20.7 
22.6 
20.4 
20.0 

13.4 



11.6 
14.2 
14.5 
13.2 
13.8 
12.8 
12.6 
17.0 

11.0 



8.8 
8.4 
12.0 
12.9 
12.1 
13.1 
13.0 



13.1 



12.0 
14.3 
14.7 
12.0 
13.0 
11.4 
11.0 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousaml 
dollars) 



11,811 



2,972 

2,740 

2,663 

1,517 

976 

837 

80 

26 



29,089 



7,224 
4,549 
5,592 
4,833 
2,451 
2,728 
1,214 
498 



32,008 



5,839 
5,939 
6,854 
5,914 
2,415 
3,257 
1,235 
555 



7,089 



763 
1,049 
1,680 
1,284 

831 
1,019 

298 

165 



9,566 



1,424 
1,995 
2,112 
1,441 
1,594 
836 
164 

17,a41 



4,118 

4,212 

4,246 

1,919 

1,249 

782 

379 

136 

2,062 



291 
300 
604 
373 
344 
114 



35,930 



16,318 

11,110 

6,199 

1,934 

278 

31 

60 



Active 
propri- 
etors, • 
Novem- 
ber 

ber) 



14 
61 
127 
108 
290 
264 
362 



1,170 



10 
21 
83 
127 
156 
278 
220 
275 



14 
35 
38 
58 
133 
113 
122 



25 
43 
36 

85 
104 

112 



2 
16 
62 
49 
54 
115 
107 
111 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



r 

Em- 
ployees Pay roll 



(Num- 
ber) 



636 
721 
754 
609 
306 
345 
46 
14 



7,913 



1,625 

1,059 

1,356 

1,358 

762 

986 

511 

256 



8,104 



1,078 

1,166 

1,552 

1,531 

775 

1,163 

518 

321 



141 
209 
349 
304 
230 
320 
115 
83 



304 
479 
587 
416 
554 
352 



4,210 



815 
919 
1,072 
512 
361 
269 
171 
91 



54 

78 

187 

112 

150 



9,723 



4,409 
3,028 
1,562 

588 

101 

13 

22 



(Dollars) 



217,727 



49,913 
50,640 
49,099 
30,621 
13,213 
16,643 
2,090 
503 



543,842 



126,125 
35,893 

101,413 
91,139 
49,164 
55,461 
24,300 
10,347 



587, 574 



87,133 
112,359 
126,358 
111,233 
45,370 
66,009 
26,311 
12,796 



141,169 



14, 301 
20,194 
34,131 
22,952 
16,714 
22,224 
6,536 
4,067 



177,655 



30,862 
33,273 
37,904 
26,787 
23,963 
16,501 
3,365 

294, 161 



62, 547 
70,542 
74,747 
35,545 
23,394 
15, 141 
7,875 
4,370 

39,771 



5,970 
5,333 
10,852 
7,086 
7,124 
2,394 
1,012 



668,844 



313,266 

199,719 

113,890 

X,742 

5,344 

607 

1,276 



2.04 



WHOLESALE TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2A.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS AND MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES 
—UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1 948— Continued 
SERVICE WHOLESALERS 

ESTADLISHMENTS, SaLES, OPERATING ExPENSE RaTIOS PaY RoLL. AND PERSONNEL 



Kind of business 
and sales-sise group 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 
bcr) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 

ex- 
penses 

(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per' 

cent 
af sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors.* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Hum- 
her) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, w/orkweck 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



Kind of business 
and sales-size group 



Estab' 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 
bcr) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousarui 
dolldTi) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(>(um- 
he) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



r 

Em- 
ployees Pay roll 



(Nura- 
be) 



(Dollaw) 



DRY GOODS, APPAREL— Con. 



Hosiery, underwear, total... 



$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,00— $^99,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Piece goods (jobbers), total 



$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000--$4,999,999.. 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999.. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,0C 3— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Other dry goods, notions, 
total 



$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499, 999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Piece goods, 
total 



converters. 



$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



FURNITURZ, HOME FURNISHINGS 

Household furniture, total 

$2,000,030 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999.. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300, 000— $499 ,999 

$200 , 000— $299 , 999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Office furniture, total... 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999.. 

$500,000-$999,999 % . 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299, 999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

China, glassware, crockery 
total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999.. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50, 000 -$99, 999 

Under $50,000 

Floor coverings, total,... 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2 , 000 , 000— $4 , 999 , 999 . . 
$1 , 000 , 000— $1 . 999 , 999 . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000—1299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



11 
32 
55 
84 
63 
143 
112 
159 



103 
243 
261 
213 
427 
315 
449 



7 

.:4 

84 
157 
231 
211 
405 
395 
563 



70 
140 
171 
219 
166 
104 
138 
82 
44 



24 
27 
59 

72 
66 

104 
82 

154 



57 
172 

82 
121 



6 
23 

30 
48 
37 
83 
106 
186 



13 

27 
64 
95 
81 
71 
117 
78 



10,570 



203, 996 



33,595 
42,636 
35, 597 
33,015 
15,264 
20,843 
7,849 
4,222 

911,352 



8.1 
10.7 
1J.5 
10.9 
11.0 
11.9 
13.8 
17.8 

10.4 



1,766 

2,368 

2,189 

1,798 

685 

1,054 

429 

281 

44,999 



29 
42 
75 
62 
121 
102 
148 



176,515 
170,342 
141,969 
172,178 
101,029 
52,578 
62, 306 
22,808 
11,627 



595,301 



6.4 
9.2 
10.1 
11.5 
12.5 
14.0 
13.2 
15.1 
17.4 



16.4 



4,982 
7,637 
7,140 
10,294 
5,764 
3,484 
3,611 
1,404 
6S3 



52,064 



50 
163 
176 
150 
343 
274 
370 



67,231 
67,031 
114,116 
104,601 
89,494 
51,348 
58,604 
28,292 
14,584 



1,764,143 



822,549 

423,711 

240,898 

157,538 

65,720 

25,677 

20,576 

6,241 

1,233 



238,780 



89,849 
39,322 
41,104 
27,837 
15,870 
14,839 
6,177 
3,782 

U4,294 



14,761 
13,785 
32,322 
26, 152 
13,732 
24,431 
5,950 
3,161 



113,336 



13,899 
28,492 
20, 199 
17,774 
9,238 
11,533 
7,647 
4,504 

413,582 



96,162 
85,917 
89,771 
67,707 
31,208 
17,580 
16,997 
5,632 
2,608 



18.2 
15.8 
15.4 
16.5 
16.1 
15.3 
17.0 
16.7 
20.0 



8.9 



7.6 
9.3 
10.2 
10.4 
11.6 
12.9 
12.3 
18.6 
30.1 



14.1 
15.6 
16.5 
18.2 
17.8 
21.5 
21.5 
27.6 

26.4 



26.4 
25.2 
25.6 
26.5 
26.3 
28.2 
25.6 
27.9 



21.7 



17.0 
19.7 
21.0 
24.7 
21.8 
23.4 
26.8 
27.9 

12.0 



10.2 
10.9 
11.5 
12.8 
13.4 
14.3 
18.7 
16.4 
23.6 



6,110 
6,217 
10, 203 
9,537 
7,847 
3,891 
5,164 
1,970 
1,125 



81,975 



14 
63 
79 
186 
219 
356 
377 
548 



34,055 
19,494 
12,465 
8,277 
4,011 

1,'210 
600 
222 



21,339 



7,670 
3,583 
3,583 
2,639 
1,348 
1,474 
610 
432 

21,286 



2,571 
2,389 
5,343. 
4,063 
2,155 
3,717 
728 
320 



13,013 



1,564 

3,168 
2,275 
2,232 
1,068 
1,304 
961 
441 

28,182 



6,368 
5,917 
5,724 
4,772 
2,166 
1,321 
1,374 
366 
174 



28 
35 
39 
96 
63 
141 



2? 
112 

72 
114 



27 
32 
78 
83 
190 



294 
648 
622 
566 
233 
369 
205 
166 

9,471 



37, 205 
45,303 
40,872 
33,070 
13,504 
19,918 
8,113 
6,011 

776,282 



FURNITUHE, HOME FURNISHINGS 
— Continued 

Antiques, total 



663 
1,355 
1,311 
2,076 
1,381 

863 
1,059 

472 

291 



13,325 



64,946 
128,273 
127,807 
180, 308 
104,098 
61,964 
67,709 
26, 785 
14,392 



993,593 



1,486 
1,151 
2,106 
2,241 
2,019 
1,283 
1,614 
863 
562 



12,246 



140,953 
116,757 
183,917 
168,693 
146, 399 
73,439 
99,026 
40,870 
23,539 



1,382,511 



4,786 

2,719 

1,692 

1,412 

717 

341 

308 

176 

95 



5,522 



554,908 

338,582 

205,276 

144, 836 

70,127 

29,630 

23,021 

11,831 

4,300 



418,364 



1,650 
759 
877 
870 
383 
539 
235 
209 

5,934 



151,746 
67,677 
65,973 
54,467 
26, 366 
30,497 
12,408 
9,230 

385,780 



723 

538 

1,271 

1.077 

626 

1,254 

276 

169 



43,790 
43,056 
90,201 
71,213 
44,408 
72,639 
14,063 
6,410 



241-, 355 



344 
807 
600 
602 
304 
430 
414 
221 



25,774 
57,718 
41,031 
41,878 
19,477 
26,355 
19, 723 
9,399 

513,622 



1.468 

1,120 

1,357 

1,143 

521 

368 

470 

159 

82 



10", , 105 
101,087 
105,493 
89,520 
42,179 
25, 325 
30,205 
9,227 
3,481 



$200,000 and over.. 
$100,000— $199,999. 
$50,000— $99,999... 
Under $50,000 



10 

16 

38 

202 



Other home furnishings, 
total 



$5,000,000 and over 

$2.000,000— $4,999,999. . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999, 999 

$300, 000— $499, 999 

$200,000— $299, 999 

$100,000— $199, 999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



3 

16 

40 

102 

94 

93 

210 

212 

388 



PAPER AND PRODUCTS 

Wrapping paper, twine, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2 , 000 , 000— $4 , 999 , 999 . . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$5C0, 000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200, 000— $299, 999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50 , OOO— $99, 999 

Under $50,000 

Fine paper, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2 , 000 , 000— $4 , 999 , 999 . . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999.. . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100, 000— $199, 999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Stationery, office supplies^ 
total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

*100,000--$199,999 

$50, 000— $99, 999 

Under $50,000 

Wallpaper, tooai 

$500,000 and over 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Other paper products, total 

$5,000,000 and -jver 

$2 , 000 , 000— $4 , 999 , 999 . . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999.. . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299, 999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



FARM PRODUCTS UNEDIBLE) 

Cotton, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2, COO, 000— $4,999,999. . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

Under $100,000 



9 

18 
58 
74 
67 
180 
153 
300 



1,899 



16 
56 
118 
232 
219 
192 
360 
304 
402 



12,615 



25.3 



26, 993 



4,228 
2,083 
2,637 
3,667 

311,097 



28.7 
22.5 
23.6 
24.3 



19.6 



688 
247 
219 

198 



30,722 



1 

12 

39 

206 



9,440 



13,370 
4,594 
4,848 
4,181 



599,596 



24, 867 
48,432 
54,641 
71,744 
36,027 
22,535 
29,163 
14,915 
8,773 



296,052 



19.8 
15.1 
17.5 
20.3 
21.4 
19.8 
22.7 
22.3 
26.0 



16.3 



1,658 
4,696 
5,305 
7,315 
4,074 
2,390 
2,993 
1,416 
875 



31,148 



29 
37 
61 
169 
173 
353 



375 
1,089 
1,510 
2,112 
1,302 

832 
1,108 

606 

506 



8,149 



30,351 
85, 733 
97,451 
143,239 
80,751 
46,812 
63,431 
29,408 
22,420 



578,793 



31,249 
76,248 
70, 866 
58,897 
26,449 
13,971 
11,639 
4,592 
2,141 

447,867 



13.7 
14.8 
17.2 
17.7 
16.8 
17.8 
17.1 
15.6 
18.9 

13.7 



3,119 

7,856 

8,095 

6,562 

2,624 

1,422 

944 

364 

162 

39, 175 



720 

1,886 

2,045 

1,747 

761 

451 

321 

138 



9,075 



58,047 

144,200 

147,203 

125,977 

49,283 

26,057 

17,655 

7,100 

3,271 

727,845 



120,399 

152,362 

70,185 

61,092 

19,142 

12,584 

8,530 

2,591 

932 



178,549 



27,469 
23, 572 
39,359 
27, 527 
16, 850 
25,725 
10,661 
7,386 

32,338 



8,437 
4,664 
3,098 
8,285 
5,065 
2,789 

859,564 



158,909 
156,556 
167,244 
161,448 
84,507 
46,551 
52,198 
22,030 
10,121 



1,182,570 



887, 259 

194,427 

59,837 

27,058 

7,710 

4,005 

1,501 

773 



9.3 
12.7 
16.9 
17.4 
17.6 
18.5 
20.0 
19.6 
25.2 



26.8 



29.5 
27.5 
26.8 
26.6 
26.0 
25.4 
24.7 
24.1 

33.6 



30.9 
36.6 
32.5 
31.4 
36.4 
39.7 

13.8 



6.7 
11.5 
14.7 
16.6 
17.8 
17.0 
18.2 
18.5 
22.4 



3.7 



3.7 
2.8 
4.4 
5.1 
5.1 
7.7 
7.2 
19.7 



7,483 

12,992 

7,642 

6,326 

2,115 

1,342 

946 

235 

94 



29,885 



4,846 
4,409 
7,154 
4,676 
2,819 
3,876 
1,376 
729 

5,389 



1,480 
845 
551 

1,246 
806 
461 

71,118 



7,535 
11,159 
15,137 
16, 376 
8,890 
4,436 
4,894 
1,794 
847 



9,899 



6,834 

1,247 

1,186 

312 

105 

104 

27 

84 



6 
19 
25 

31 
117 
105 
244 



106 
102 
148 
264 
260 
364 



1,272 

2,970 

1,901 

1,548 

549 

412 

294 

88 

41 



10,031 



137,931 

237,699 

140,909 

121,118 

39,256 

25,745 

18,233 

5,099 

1,855 



586, 849 



1,942 

1,266 

2,076 

1,432 

883 

1,408 

603 

421 

1,783 



413 
279 
172 
414 
298 
207 

19,514 



1,791 
2,503 
3,609 
4,343 
2,669 
1,458 
1,817 
799 
525 



2,373 



1,481 
299 
337 
103 
45 
44 
27 
37 



108,773 
77,926 

138,654 
83,691 
52,600 
73,603 
27,775 
13,827 

98,814 



26,076 
16,187 

9,493 
23,580 
14,739 

8,739 

1,340,715 



151,228 
210,682 
269, 767 
307,389 
168,002 
82,870 
95,250 
36, 183 
19,344 



170,789 



112,417 
23, 732 
21, 724 
5,664 
2,805 
2,011 
771 
1,665 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 

Table 2A.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS AND MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES 
—UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS; 1948— Continued 
SERVICE WHOLESALERS 
Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pav Roll, and Personnel 



2.05 



Kind of business 
and sales-stze group 



FARM PRODUCTS 
(INHIIBLZ)— Continued 

Grain, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2, 000, 000- -$4,999, 999. . . 
$1,000,000— $1, 999, 999. . . 

$500, 000- -$999, 999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99, 999 

Under $50,000 

Hides, skins, raw furs, total 

$5,0CO,0CO and over 

$2,000,000— $4, 999,999. . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199, 999 

$50,000— $99, 999 

Under $50,000 

Livestock (exc, horses, 
mules), total 

$5,000,000 and over... 
$2,000,000— $4, 999,999, 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999, 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299, 999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Tobacco (leaf), total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. 
$1,000,000— $1 , 999, 999. 

$500,000— $999, 999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Wool, mohair, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4, 999, 999. 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50, 000— $99, 999 

Under $50,000 

Other Inedible farm 
products , total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200 , 000— $299 , 999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



AUTOMOTIVE 

Automobiles (new, used), 
total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000-$99,999 

Under $50,000 



Estab- 

ksb- 

menta 



(>(um- 
btr) 



Sales, 
cndre 
year 



(Thousand 
dollarj) 



13 
21 
43 
97 
114 
93 
172 
124 
154 



23 
89 
107 
112 
89 
69 
107 
57 
50 



!, 200,870 

264,546 

52,886 

24,974 

9,540 

4,666 

1,490 

1,148 

366 

491,559 



Oper 

aang 

eX' 

pcnses 

(inc. 

pay 

roll) as 

per- 

cent 
3f sales 



2.3 



196, 812 
61,318 
60,320 
68,168 
4A,464 
22,418 
24,962 
9,164 
3,933 



489,874 



137,662 

172,201 

79,470 

51,485 

25,670 

13,951 

6,908 

2,128 

399 



148,140 



74,766 
42,790 
12,<91 

8,319 
4,642 
1,797 
1,892 
981 
462 



512,033 4.9 



2.0 
3.6 
4.0 
6.5 
8.2 
12.9 
10.4 
15.4 
21.6 

5.8 



3.1 
6.6 
6.6 
7.2 
8.6 
7.7 
9.4 
11.4 
17.7 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
doitai 



26,664 



19,548 
4,597 
887 
793 
317 
300 
74 
108 
40 



12,662 



1.6 
1.7 
1.9 
1.8 
2.0 
1.6 
1.7 
7.2 
13.0 



5.2 

14.7 
8.9 
11.9 
17.4 
25.4 
19.6 
19.4 
31.6 



291,958 

103, 180 

62,361 

31,939 

9,262 

8,104 

2,914 

1,781 

534 



362,824 



281,129 
32,772 
14,107 
16,296 
8,4A0 
3,757 
3,998 
1,583 
742 



805,934 



230,884 

272,672 

152,900 

77,440 

34,619 

16,728 

15,076 

4,339 

1,276 



6.1 
8.8 
7.8 
10.1 
13.0 
13.9 
23.2 



4.1 



2.8 

6.1 

6.9 

9.9 

10.8 

15.0 

14.7 

20.8 

22.8 



6.6 
6.6 
7.3 
7.3 
8.7 
9.7 
10.8 
13.5 
25.0 



2,953 

1,844 

1,993 

2,271 

1,474 

649 

860 

388 

230 



2,642 



Active 
propn- 
etors.* 
Novcm, 
ber 



(Hum- 
ber) 



627 

1,047 

439 

254 

132 

42 

22 

62 

17 

6,340 



1,387 
2,935 
579 
396 
466 
217 
169 
87 
104 

11,797 



5,460 

2,295 

1,651 

1,464 

330 

316 

136 

93 

52 



6,181 



3,300 
925 
385 
463 
476 
163 
268 
133 
68 



29, 826 



8,269 

10,307 

5,831 

2,511 

1,332 

661 

654 

180 

81 



11 
45 
61 
116 
82 
162 
101 
138 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 



(Hum- 
ber) I (Dollars) 



7,684 



5,174 
1,548 
311 
235 
184 
99 
61 
50 
22 



503 
521 
396 
173 
290 
164 



Pay roll 



96 
64 
59 
104 
60 
49 



134 
317 
124 
73 
66 
15 



3,265 



598 
1,931 
260 
207 
102 
61 
66 
27 
13 



640 
325 

286 
320 
65 
121 
47 
47 
29 



627 
141 
100 
147 
160 
68 
91 
54 



1,842 



2,266 
2,845 
1,900 

773 
395 
252 

271 
3 
55 



526,701 



382,180 
93,375 
17,429 
14,556 
8,144 
5,684 
2,523 
1,944 
866 



219,985 



47,304 
31,871 
33, 152 
39,302 
26,991 
11,904 
16,662 
7,884 
4,915 



49,725 



11,808 

19,527 

7,888 

4,830 

2,939 

716 

490 

1,090 

437 



122,954 



24,261 
66,087 
8,043 
7,936 
7,627 
3,648 
3,272 
1,528 
552 

171,997 



70,213 

33,857 

27,347 

24,252 

5,100 

6,054 

2,335 

1,741 

1,098 



111,065 



56, 358 
14,733 
10,342 
8,853 
8,728 
3,023 
5,303 
2,337 
1,388 



584,415 



176,454 

185,103 

115,121 

50,893 

24,271 

12,033 

14,388 

3,789 

1,863 



Kind of business 
and sales-size group 



AUTOMOTIVj;— Continued 

Trucks, tractors (road 
tjpe), total 



$2,000,0(Xt and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999. 

$500,000--$999. 999 

$300,000--$499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000--$199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Automotive parts, acces- 
sories, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500,000— $999, 999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000-$99, 999 

Under $50,000 



Garage equipment, tools, 
total 



$1,000,000 and over. 
$500,000— $999,999. . 
$300,000— $499,999. . 
$200, 000- -$299, 999. . 
$100,000- $199,999.. 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Tires, tubes, total... 

$1,000,000 and over. 
$500,000— $999,999.. 
$300,000— $499,999.. 
$200,000— $299,999.. 
$100,000— $199,999.. 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Esub- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hun,- 
_i2L 



ELECTHICAL GOODS 



Electrical goods (general 
line), total 



$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4, 999, 999. . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999.. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$200,000— $499,999 

Under $200,000 



Wiring supplies, con- 
struction materials, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . 
$1,000,000-$1,999,999... 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199, 999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Apparatus and equipment, 
total 



$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999.. 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999.. 

$500,000— $999, 999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299, 999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000- $99,999 

Under $50,000 



television sets. 



Radios, 
total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999.., 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999.. 

$500,000— $999, 999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,00(J 



28 
58 
208 
296 
239 
350 
192 
160 



10,959 



11 

68 

190 

573 

941 

1,134 

2,778 

2,598 

2,666 



103 
107 
269 
211 
203 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



71 
180 
176 
89 
14 
7 



114 
218 
272 
230 
347 
272 
336 



39 
43 

1!3 
86 
132 



12 
21 
56 
104 

119 
120 
261 
219 
261 



545,967 



85,659 
74, 158 
143,443 
113,748 
58,595 
51,507 
14,279 
4,578 



2,283,686 



146,612 
210,841 
255,087 
386,998 

355,709 
275,749 
392, 547 
189,171 
70,972 



75,461 



7,598 
21,082 
14,272 
10,603 
13,646 
5,680 
2,580 

170,036 



17,321 
28,442 
39,512 
25,959 
38,315 
15,235 
5,252 



566,971 
525,175 
260,325 
63,034 
4,926 
539 



702,468 



Oper 

ating 

ex- 
penses 

(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per- 
cent 
of sales 



15.4 



9.9 
12.8 
15.7 
17.8 
18.0 
17.4 
20.3 
24.7 



22.6 



9.3 
16.7 
20.5 
24.3 
25.3 
25.0 
24.7 
24.2 
26.2 



22.5 



19.8 
21.2 
23.2 
24.1 
22.0 
24.8 
27.4 

19.7 



17.4 
19.0 
18.8 
20.8 
20.6 
21.5 
20.6 



10.4 



Pay roU, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



47,903 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Hum- 
bo) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



5,382 
5,830 
13,195 
n,i22 
5,606 
4,588 
1,383 
497 



312,996 



7,062 
22,038 
33,280 
60,214 
57,281 
42, 326 
56,710 
25,057 

8,978 



9,963 



1,009 
2,790 
2,018 
1,503 
1,567 
771 
305 

17,554 



31,711 
124,574 
151,862 
152,134 
105,778 
56,573 
50,906 
19, 746 
9,184 



139,431 



26,586 
10,404 
21,139 
30,460 
14,589 
10,732 
15,784 
6,088 
3,649 



475,780 



122,692 
72,088 
77,738 
69,746 
44,985 
28,956 
36,874 
16,056 
6,643 



11.1 
9.4 
9.3 
14.1 
15.8 
23.6 



15.2 



11.4 
12.6 
14.2 
15.9 
16.5 
16.3 
17.6 
19.4 
22.9 



22.2 



15.6 
10.3 
19.3 
27.0 
23.9 
27.5 
25.7 
28.7 
31.6 



15.4 



10.9 
12.3 
14.9 
17.7 
19.1 
19.5 
21.0 
22.6 
24.2 



1,733 
3,122 
4,008 
2,927 
3,808 
1,454 
502 



88,595 



20 
102 
163 
162 
263 
140 
123 



3 

46 

137 

444 

655 

1,906 

2,019 

2,368 



24 
60 
57 
242 
170 
188 



r 

Em- 
ployees Pay roll 

(Hum- 
ber) 



14,881 



1,365 
1,601 
3,711 
3,557 
2,006 
1,799 
574 
268 



1P2,277 



(Dollars) 



931,942 



2,438 
6,713 
9,791 
17,832 
17,618 
13,948 
19,711 
9,819 
4,407 



236 
709 
560 
451 
590 
259 
165 

5,779 



37,947 

29,603 

15,400 

5,145 

441 

59 



61,759 



1,815 
10, 114 
13,259 
14,285 
9,802 
5,143 
4,625 
1,830 
836 



18, 587 



2,232 

669 

2,522 

5,456 

2,234 

1,813 

2,088 

956 

617 



40,163 



7,589 
5,038 
6,522 
6,897 
4,841 
2,946 
3,958 
1,724 
653 



3 
36 
87 
144 
131 
239 
205 
304 



3 
14 
25 
25 
33 
58 
106 



10 
32 
64 
84 
183 
156 
243 



432 
903 

1,192 
966 

1,444 
595 
247 



25,249 



95,539 
115,650 
248,040 
217,152 
115,907 
98, 191 
28,459 
13,004 



6,056,74-4 



142,508 

433, 365 

625,016 

1,143,075 

1,094,034 

815,916 

1,099,682 

499, 923 

203,225 



194,010 



19, 120 
52,210 
39,111 
29,037 
32,271 
15,469 
6,792 

342,015 



34,272 
57,642 
76,307 
54,479 
78,646 
30,161 
10,508 



10, 806 
8,224 
4,427 
1,621 
140 
31 



17,581 



457 
2,385 
3,365 
3,939 
2,968 
1,643 
1,649 
737 
438 



5,293 



602 
14i 
703 
1,375 
642 
545 
702 
337 
243 



11,951 



2,099 

1,200 

1,845 

1,996 

1,403 

940 

1,395 

721 

352 



755,056 
561,376 
292,070 
98,384 
8.313 
1,477 



31, 567 
179, 813 
233,886 
267,439 
187,215 
93,735 
91,979 
38,439 
20,033 



343,523 



42, 125 
10, 714 
44,390 
93,622 
43,247 
34,106 
44,248 
18,662 
12,409 



784, 657 



148, 528 
93,840 
121,413 
133,540 
93,960 
59,656 
81,447 
36, 592 
15,681 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2.06 



WHOLESALE TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2A.— SALES SIZE -SERVICE WHOLESALERS AND MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES 
—UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 

SERVICE WHOLESALERS 
Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 





Estab- 
lish- 
menu 

(>(um. 
Ixt) 


Sales, 
entire 
year 

{Thousand 
dollars) 


Oper 
ating 

ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
af sales 


Pay roll, 
entire 
year 

(Thouiand 
dolUrs) 


Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(>(um- 
ber) 


Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 


Kind of biimness 
and sales-size group 


Estab- 
lish- 
menta 

(Num- 
ber) 


Sales, 
entire 
year 

(Thousami 
do\Urs) 


Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 


Pay roU, 
entire 
year 

{Thousand 
dolkrs) 


Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(Num- 
ber) 


Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 


and 8ales-si?c group 


Em- 
ployees 

(Num- 
ber) 


Pay roll 
(Dolbrs) 


Em- 
ployees 

(Num- 
ber) 


Pay roll 
(DolUrj) 


ELECTRICAL GOODS— Continued 

Refrigerators, equipment 
(household), total 


221 


437,675 


9.5 


23,902J 


67 


6,591 


470,897 


HAHDUARE, PLUMBING, 
HEATING— Continued 

Heating (inc. stoves. 


548 


171.017 


17.6 


15.895 


255 


4,394 


304,42? 


$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500,000- $999,999; 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000- $199,999 


27 
31 
40 
29 
17 
14 
25 
16 
22 

359 


246,514 

99,890 

55,512 

20,545 

6,734 

3,338 

3,468 

1,220 

454 

755.509 


7.5 
10.3 
12.8 
13.8 
14.5 
17.4 
20.3 
27.7 
23.2 

12.8 


11,228 

6,062 

3,739 

1,442 

523 

234 

404 

159 

61 

54,492 


4 
5 
7 
5 
6 
8 
10 
13 
9 

105 


3,022 

1,656 

992 

406 
156 
91 
170 
52 
46 

14.214 


226,975 
115,342 
70,854 
27,882 
9,918 
5,369 
10, 550 
2,393 
1,114 

1.052.978 


$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300, 000— $499, 999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50 000 $99 999 


10 
24 
52 
69 
64 

125 
96 

108 

889 


32,897 
32,020 
35,843 
26,288 
15,953 
18,301 
7,015 
2,700 

322,062 


15.2 
16.6 
18.9 
19.4 
23.0 
23.3 
28.1 

16.0 


2,413 
2,474 
3,266 
2,666 
1,659 
2,260 
804 
353 

28,920 


1 
9 
33 
25 
59 
55 
73 

563 


551 
600 
879 
731 
469 
696 
287 
181 

7,858 


40,912 
44,562 
65,226 
51,660 
32,711 
43,540 
16 919 








Plumbing fixtures, supplies^ 
total 






541,443 


(general line), total 


$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200 ,000— $299, 999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50 000 $99 999 


4 
15 
44 
U2 
120 
99 
199 
146 
150 

320 


29,924 
41,840 
55,979 
78,397 
47,293 
24, 614 
29,054 
10,478 
3,983 

95,556 


13.1 
16.1 
14.5 
16.1 
17.1 
15.1 
17.8 
21.2 
21.1 

22.8 


2,855 
4,256 
4,507 
7,305 
4,305 
1,806 
2,556 
1,019 
311 

13,046 


22 

60 
46 

60 
151 
111 
113 

144 


779 

998 

1,107 

1,785 

1,157 

548 

907 

4U 

166 

3,802 


53,227 


$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000- $4,999,999. . . 
$1,000,000— il, 999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000- $199,999 

$50,000- $99,999 

Under $50,000 


37 
82 
79 
62 
32 

rv 

19 
7 

687 


3L2,517 

257,580 

117,553 

46,728 

12,248 

3,514 

3,743 

1,393 

233 

328,889 


11.7 
13.0 
13.8 
14.4 
17.4 
16.9 
20.1 
20.9 
22.3 

15.4 


21,326 

19,409 

8,673 

3,321 

1,045 

274 

285 

139 

20 

27,014 


2 

5 
22 
24 

13 
6 
18 
11 
4 

376 


5,548 

4,894 

2,203 

938 

305 

94 

116 

55 

11 

7,670 


424,139 

357,856 

169,498 

63,334 

22,337 

5,343 

7,305 

2,768 

393 

514,725 


74,688 
82,139 
133,282 
80,272 
39,518 
51,214 
20,309 


Under $50 000 


6 794 


Air conditioning, venti- 
lating equipment, total... 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999.. . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50 000 


259,680 


Other appliances, spe- 
cialties, total 


4 
13 

31 
33 
37 
90 
59 
53 

2,342 


17" 669 
16,190 
20,328 
12,370 
9,124 
13,181 
4,325 
1,369 

1,721,084 


20.1 
20.9 
23.5 
23.0 
22.4 
25.5 
27.9 
29.6 

14.1 


1,908 
2,267 
3,184 
1,763 
1,256 
1,349 
629 
190 

140,845 


3 
6 
8 
11 
44 
34 
38 

1,099 


553 
679 
905 
461 
343 
538 
231 
92 

41,922 


40,673 
45,699 


$5,000,000 and over 

$2 , OOO , 000— $4 , 999 , 999 . . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,0000-$499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50 OOO 


4 
35 
58 
78 
54 
73 
112 
111 
162 

358 


27,070 
102,922 
77,413 
54,255 
21,116 
18,051 
15,549 
8,175 
4,338 

1,190,307 


13.4 
13.0 
14.2 
16.6 
15.9 
19.4 
22.5 
23.7 
27.1 

15.1 


1,879 
7,516 
6,156 
4,799 
1,651 
1,900 
1,734 
865 
512 

122,137 


1 
4 
12 
21 
21 
36 
70 
91 
120 

23 


432 

1,798 

1,633 

1,472 

532 

537 

623 

323 

265 

35,024 


29,466 
131,755 
116,201 
99,252 
32,235 
36, 721 
40,197 
16,716 
12,132 

2,228,817 


61,058 
33,391 
26,259 
35, 332 
11,975 
5,293 


LUMBER, CONSTRUCTION 
MATERIALS 

Lumber, millwork (with 










$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999.. . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999.. . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100, 000— $199, 999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Brick, tile, terra cotta, 
total 

$1,000,000 and over 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200 ,000— $299, 999 

$100,000— $199,999 




HAHDWiHE, PLUMBING, HEATING 

Hardware, general line 
(with industrial depart- 
ment ) , total 


34 
136 
342 
417 
321 
262 
363 
234 
233 

264 


289,771 

391,505 

478, 547 

295,602 

124,543 

64,411 

53,408 

17,245 

6,052 

93,322 


7.6 
13.2 
14.3 
16.3 
17.9 
18.6 
22.0 
22.8 
33.2 

15.8 


13,122 

29,861 

40,534 

28,416 

12,426 

6,830 

6,359 

2,158 

1,139 

7,749 


6 

27 
87 
161 
140 
126 
204 
177 
171 

123 


3,048 
8,199 

10,972 
8,565 

■4,283 
2,416 
2,753 
1,083 
603 

2,125 


236,780 
538,625 
750, 593 
525,312 
235,543 


$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

Under $200,000 

Hardware, general line 
(without industrial de- 
partment), total 


55 
103 
83 
80 
15 
5 
17 

304 


691,258 

313,363 

119,239 

57,078 

5,717 

1,139 

2,513 

486,626 


14.3 
15.5 
16.9 
18.6 
16.0 
20.3 
21.8 

14.8 


68,047 

33,064 

13,375 

6,567 

659 

122 

303 

46,962 


6 

16 

1 

' i 

112 


19,455 

9,242 

3,998 

1,943 

237 

40 

109 

13,692 


1,254,074 

594,701 

242,620 

114,449 

14,187 

2,361 

6,425 

343,214 


128, 177 
46,278 
26,961 

147,350 


17 
48 
29 
33 
53 
31 
48 

202 


28,369 
32,790 
11,339 
9,227 
7,927 
2,262 
1,403 

109,019 


12.3 
15.4 
14.2 
20.1 
22.9 
23.0 
26.5 

20.3 


1,846 
2,883 
816 
959 
839 
238 
168 

11,971 


4 
9 
22 
12 
28 
14 
34 

83 


434 
739 
202 
300 
267 
92 
91 

3,410 


34,731 
52,111 
15,880 
19,982 




19 
42 
67 
115 
17 
16 
17 
11 

1,423 


168,454 

130,706 

94,237 

79,140 

6,965 

3,950 

2,535 

639 

304,850 


13.1 
15.1 
15.2 
16.7 
18.3 
19.2 
16.5 
16.1 

19.0 


14,161 

13, 754 

9,596 

7,971 

759 

422 

263 

36 

32,515 


4 
22 
47 
7 
2 
16 
14 

1,080 


4,239 

3,890 

2,767 

2,328 

242 

126 

86 

14 

10,065 


254, 164 

253,497 

163, 106 

141,494 

13,761 

7,470 

4,146 

576 

608,525 


4,664 


$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999... 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499, 999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

Under $100,000 

Hardware, specialty lines. 


Under $50,000 

Cement, lime, plaster, total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50 000 $99 999 


5,115 
233,263 


^1 

30 
37 
14 
15 

339 


31,907 

19,123 

26,347 

17,205 

7,575 

5,499 

988 

375 

109,219 


20.2 
20.2 
19.2 
22.0 
21.2 
13.1 
26.3 
25.9 

28.5 


3,412 

2,075 

2,955 

1,966 

855 

552 

113 

43 

20,723 


2 
4 
10 
21 
16 
19 
9 
7 

217 


836 
592 
814 
580 
285 
185 
49 
19 

5,776 


65,083 
40,638 
56,252 
36,524 
20,368 
11,036 
2,315 


total 


Under $50,000 


1,047 


$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 


10 
27 
74 
194 
179 
298 
292 
349 

1,951 


27,614 
37,321 
49,484 
73,606 
43,748 
42,447 
21,200 
8,930 

1,203,778 


16.5 
18.8 
17.9 
19.9 
18.8 
19.5 
19.5 
23.5 

14.0 


2,883 
4,31i 
5,057 
8,488 
4,597 
4,447 
1,885 
847 

93,933 


22 
134 
132 
205 
264 
323 

889 


738 
1,274 
1,515 
2,458 
1,360 
1,4X1 
793 
437 

27,114 


.51,203 
78,095 
94,059 
156, 30O 
84,228 
85,533 
39,472 
19, 135 

1,802,041 


Glass (building), total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300.000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50 000 $99 999 


381,098 


6 
20 
36 
43 
32 
72 
54 
76 

193 


17, 108 
25,972 
25,092 

16,890 
7,964 

10,248 
4,040 
1,905 

77,863 


23.4 
28.0 
28.3 
28.9 
31.9 
32.7 
33.9 
34.3 

23.8 


2,735 
5,023 
4,727 
3,194 
1,622 
2,203 
878 
341 

9,315 


1 
7 
17 
20 
61 
43 
68 

119 


650 
1,326 
1,218 
890 
515 
710 
303 
164 

2.762 


42,445 
86,203 
87,869 
63,803 
30,423 




44,322 




17,853 






8,180 


Plumbing, heating (general 
line), total 


oand, gravel, crushed "^tone, 
total 






9 
102 
241 
381 
326 
220 
329 
191 
152 


57,731 

294,244 

328,249 

271,983 

130,824 

54,260 

48,183 

13,966 

4,332 


9.1 
12.5 
13.9 
14.4 
15.5 
16.2 
17.4 
19.1 
23.1 


3,437 
23,578 
27, 175 
22,269 
11,642 
4,805 
4,313 
1,267 
447 


21 
37 
105 
134 
114 
232 
140 
106 


926 
6,094 
7,014 
5,949 
3,309 
1,524 
1,500 
565 
233 


58,381 

432,191 

473.990 

398,538 

213,982 

92,615 

85,806 

29,428 

12,110 


194,974 


$2,000,000— $4,999,999... 

$1,000,000— $199,999 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50 000- $99 999 


$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499, 999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000--$99,999 

Under $50,000 


5 
9 
15 

17 
17 
33 
33 
69 


35,896 
11,311 
10,039 
6,805 
4,256 
5,033 
2,331 
1,687 


10.0 
23.3 
30.4 
42.4 
49.7 
46.1 
42.9 
48.1 


1,904 

1,458 

1,675 

1,135 

930 

1,354 

501 

358 


"1 

4 

5 
17 
24 
68 


646 
419 
374 
351 
259 
375 
131 
157 


44,991 
33,453 
33,151 
22,497 
16,799 
26,409 
10,274 




7,400 









See footnotes at end of table. 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.07 



Table 2A.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS AND MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES 
—UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 
SERVICE WHOLESALERS 
Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kjnd of business 
and aales-size group 



UIMBEH, CONSTRUCTION 
MATERIALS— Continued 

Ready-mixed concrete dis- 
tributor , total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Onder $50,000 

Roofing, siding, insulation 
total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Miscellaneous construction 
materials, total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



INDUSTRIAL, COmERCIAL, 

PROFESSIONAL, FARM MA- 

CHINEHY, EQUIPMENT 

Conmercial refrigeration 
equipment, total 

$1,000,000 and over 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200 ,000— $299 ,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Office machines, equipment 
(exc. furniture), total.... 

$1,000,000 and over 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Restaurant, hotel supplies 
(principally nonfood), total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99 ,999 

Under $50,000 

Store machines, fixtures, 
equipment, total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1 ,000,000— $1 ,999 ,999 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 
he) 



17 
81 
147 
144 
115 
152 



1,205 



124 
132 
291 
281 
314 



42 

153 
215 
428 



5 

18 
53 
73 
79 
179 
177 
245 



1,473 



U4 
153 
308 
288 

487 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(TTioujand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
af sales 



175,403 



52,572 
36,135 
43,127 
15,727 
12,531 
10,226 
3,945 
1,140 



173,626 



26,831 
17,749 
37,180 
39,699 
27,061 
10,553 
11,109 
2,685 
759 



379,294 



54,4«8 
106,451 
103,615 
55,250 
27,606 
22,062 
7,118 
2,704 



216,957 



29,955 
36,520 
47,982 
32,136 
41,680 
20,028 
8,656 



96,108 



21,354 
10,448 
6,949 
10,011 
21,288 
14,893 
11,165 



194,719 



28,712 
16,585 
22,532 
36,364 
27,418 
18,956 
25,244 
12,688 
6,220 



269,964 



16,492 
33,827 
62,026 
43,784 
37,388 
43,672 
20,587 
12,188 



33.7 



32.2 

30.4 
34.2 
36.6 
37.3 
39.5 
38. 
39.3 



14.2 



15.1 
19.5 
11.3 
13.9 
13.6 
11.3 
17.1 
16.0 
26.4 



20.0 



20.6 
20.1 
17.7 
20.7 
21.1 
21.9 
27.8 
29.0 



24.2 



15.2 
22.2 
26.0 
26.4 
26.3 
26.9 
28.0 



29.8 



19.2 
31.6 
32.8 
32.1 
34.1 
32.7 
32.7 



22.4 



16.4 
27.5 
24.1 
21.7 
22.9 
24.2 
22.2 
24.5 
24.5 



23.1 



16.5 
20.4 
21.6 
24.9 
24.2 
25.5 
25.2 
26.1 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors.* 
Novem' 
ber 



(>ium- 
ber) 



30,098 



9,116 

-5,779 

7,084 

2,935 

2,492 

1,786 

703 

203 



13,330 



2,288 
1,337 
2,409 
3.192 
2,106 

648 
1,005 

246 
99 



41,235 



6,051 

12,064 

10,093 

6,066 

3,112 

2,496 

1,010 

343 



28,408 



1,564 
5,215 
7,473 
4,973 
5,573 
2,554 
1,056 



16,931 



2,444 
2,148 
1,459 
2,232 
4,152 
2,672 
1,824 



24,269 



2,932 
2,905 
3,072 
4,530 
3,684 
2,436 
2,804 
1,364 
542 



33,264 



1,300 
3,946 
7,645 
6.114 
4,789 
5,641 
2,506 
1,323 



6 

34 

55 

59 

185 

2U 

264 



12 
10 
19 
107 
158 
346 



35 

63 

144 

160 

212 



1,114 



35 

50 
96 
247 
234 

441 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, wforkweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 



9 , 104 



2,402 
1,544 
2,227 
944 
838 
685 
330 
134 



3,700 



600 
469 
601 
754 
595 
201 
339 
87 
54 



12,591 



1,676 
3,370 
2,974 
1,922 
1,066 
1,012 
394 
177 



8,036 



379 
1,294 
1,845 
1,390 
1,633 
996 
499 



5,602 



677 
593 
369 
719 
1,347 
996 
901 



7,072 



787 
769 
793 
1,169 
1,022 
721 
970 
553 
288 



9,469 



182 
1,002 
1,898 
1,617 
1,392 
1,827 
891 
660 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



617,505 



185,732 
113,442 
153,768 
55,642 
47,926 
38,223 
16,248 
6,524 



261,749 



56,374 
22,989 
43,484 
57,402 
40,103 
14,593 
19,597 
4,657 
2,550 



790,900 



112,419 
222,797 
197,844 
114,439 
62,198 
51,966 
21,163 
8,074 



528,195 



29,046 
96,906 

131,001 
90,354 

102,797 
53,789 
24,302 



352,748 



45,728 
37,137 
27,594 
58,941 
82,960 
56,030 
44,358 



456.527 



58,887 
53,229 
53,308 
80,955 
67,279 
45,163 
53,311 
31,578 
12,817 



613,542 



21,062 
72,699 

135,605 
109,815 
89,775 
106,034 
48,539 
30,013 



Kind of busineiw 
and sales-size group 



INDUSTRIAL, C0M1ERCIAL, 
PROFESSIONAL, FARM MACHIN- 
ERY, EQUIPMENT— continued 

Other commercial machines, 
equipment, total 

$1,000,000 and over 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200 , 000— $299 , 999 

$100, iOOO— $199,999 

$50,000— $99.999 

Under $50,000 

Construction machinery, 
equipment, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2 , 000 , 000— $4 , 999 , 999 . . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999.. . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300 ,000— $499 .999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Farm-dairy machinery, 
equipment, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2 , 000 , 000— $4 , 999 , 999 . . . 
$1,000,000— $1 ,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Industrial machinery, equip- 
ment (general line), total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999... 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200 ,000— $299 ,999 

Under $200,000 

Belting, hose, packing, total 

$1,000,000 and over 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000--$499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Machine tools, total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,1000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Mine, mill supply houses, 
total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300 , 000— $499 , 999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Oil well, oil refining 
supply houses, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2 , 000 , 000— $4 , 999 , 999 . . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499 ,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Estab- 
Usb- 
ments 



(Hum- 

_bei_ 



14 
26 
33 

28 
68 

71 
134 



11 
93 
150 
183 
124 
84 
117 
85 
65 



16 

31 
68 
91 
85 
84 
217 
127 
121 



16 
28 
37 
63 
48 

U4 
87 

121 



35 

40 
58 
93 
70 
126 
97 
92 



15 

42 

142 

211 

182 

112 

155 

85 

73 



Sales, 
enrire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 

(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per- 
cent 
of sales 



77,707 



23,285 
17,123 
12,293 
6,972 
9,604 
4,987 
3,443 



779,194 



65,657 

271,800 

213,841 

132,885 

48,574 

20,833 

17,342 

6,350 

1,912 



465,877 



109,140 

100,433 

91,568 

65,675 

34,653 

20,431 

31,551 

9,363 

3,063 



315,391 



42,173 

108,609 

94,765 

62,364 

3,500 

2,536 

1,4..4 

59,967 



13,190 
19,124 
10,710 
5,040 
6,648 
4,231 
1,024 

170,414 



44,143 
37,391 
26,605 
24,973 
11,155 
16,919 
6,184 
3,044 



323,806 



41,813 

100,287 

57,737 

41,981 

36,570 

17,573 

18,326 

7,028 

2,491 



696,875 



96,119 
125,822 
195,149 
150,354 
70,689 
28,114 
22,598 
6,230 
1,800 



29.6 
20.2 
21.4 
24.8 
22.7 
26.4 
27.1 



16.5 



14.6 
15.3 
16.7 
17.4 
18.0 
20.4 
20.4 
22.2 
27.9 



6.4 
8.1 
12.4 
14.9 
17.4 
17.3 
17.2 
18.6 
21.9 



17.6 



17.5 
15.7 
17.6 
19.7 
26.5 
19.7 
41.1 

21.4 



18.4 
20.3 
22.8 
22.8 
25.7 
22.6 
28.8 

16.9 



14.6 
15.8 
15.4 
16.5 
21.8 
21.3 
21.9 
24.7 



16.4 



14.0 
14.3 
15.5 
17.5 
18.9 
20.1 
20.8 
23.0 
32.1 



9.4 



7.2 
3.2 
8.6 
8.5 

12.1 
13.5 
18.8 
21.7 

27.1 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thou5ar\d 
dollars) 



8,945 



2,390 
1,862 
1,406 

1,078 

1,197 

635 

377 



74,078 



6,121 

25,524 

20,298 

12,535 

4,805 

2,170 

1,734 

634 

257 



27,583 



3,637 
4,285 
6,079 
5,125 
3,143 
1,733 
2,534 
780 
267 



35,617 



5,299 

11,455 

10,444 

7,264 

531 

206 

418 

8,158 



1,649 

2,603 

1,494 

706 

1,042 

518 

146 

16,581 



4,268 
3,797 
2,176 
2,297 
1,297 
1,827 
655 
264 



31,283 



3,659 
9,260 
5,012 
4,386 
3,843 
1,963 
2,000 
773 
387 



30,230 



3,254 
5,369 
7,099 
5,730 
4,223 
1,757 
1,934 
640 
224 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Hum- 
ber) 



'23 

14 

38 

64 

131 



3 

16 
34 
43 
41 
161 
109 
102 



2 
12 
28 
34 
24 
80 
85 
122 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
ber) 



2,384 



369 
495 
395 
259 
419 
252 
195 



17,764 



1,447 

5,663 

4,897 

3,079 

1,222 

578 

505 

253 

120 



7,942 



854 

1,049 

1,645 

1,481 

856 

575 

970 

361 

151 



9,296 



1,513 

2,907 

2,571 

1,997 

148 

70 

90 

1,915 



297 
547 
343 
192 
299 
176 



702 
716 
436 
527 
345 
533 
218 
126 



8,644 



1,081 
2,278 
1,288 
1,198 

1,084 
620 
616 
302 
177 



8,976 



912 

1,449 

1,924 

1,772 

1,309 

583 

694 

231 

102 



Pay roll 
(DolUirs) 



162,559 



42,804 
34,292 
25,553 
17,028 
22,887 
11,835 
8,160 



111,257 

465,631 

394,841 

230,239 

95,534 

41,905 

33,016 

13,602 

7,090 



527,594 



72,447 
88,283 
111,282 
96,434 
53,358 
32,022 
50,109 
16,290 
7,369 



691,898 



114,304 

223,202 

194,620 

Ul,613 

7,692 

4,493 

5,974 

145,431 



26,682 
44,956 
27,338 
13,892 
19,420 
10,121 
.3,022 

293,895 



70,699 
64,495 
40,534 
41,484 
25,207 
33,824 
12,013 
5,639 



562,008 



69,083 
171,255 
88,875 
74,919 
79,183 
36,332 
38,442 
14,727 
9,192 



619,585 



81,296 
106,607 
137,823 
1U,883 
82,273 
36,126 
42,309 
12,964 
5,304 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2.08 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2A.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS AND MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES 
—UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1 948— Continued 

SERVICE WHOLESALERS 
Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense F atios. Pay Roll, and Personnel 





Estab- 

Ush- 

ment3 

Wum- 
bcr) 


Sales, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
MUu) 


Oper- 
ating 

ex- 
penses 

(inc. 

pay 
roll). -IS 

per. 

cent 
af sales 


Pay roll, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem 
ber 

(Num- 
ber) 


Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 


Kind of business 
and sales-size group 


Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Num- 
ber) 


Sales, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Oper- 
ating 

ex- 
penses 
(inc. 

pay 
rolDaa 

per- 
cent 
of sales 


Pay roll, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
(loU<lrs) 


Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novcm- 
ber 

(Num- 


Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 


and sales-sise group 


Em- 
ployees 

{Num- 


Pay roll 
(Dollars) 


Em- 
ployees 

(Num- 
ber) 


Pay roll 
(DoIUtj) 


INDUSTRIAL, COmERCIAl, 
PBOFESSIONAL, FARM MACHIN- 
ERY, EQUIPMENT— Continued 

Printing machinery, supplies 
(exc. paper), total 


199 


48,133 


21.6 


5,786 


114 


1,372 


105,027 


INDUSTKIAL, COMMERCIAL, 
PROFESSIONAL, FARM MACHIN- 
ERY, EQUIPMENT— Continued 

Other professional equip- 
ment, supplies, total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100 , 000— $199 , 999 


994 


170,767 


31.3 


33,715 


533 


12,499 


644,008 


$1,000,000 and over 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50 000 $99 999. 


8 
11 

18 
16 
44 
41 
61 

106 


18,889 
7,944 
6,743 
3,924 
6,118 
2,940 
1,575 

73,400 


15.9 
21.1 
24.5 
32.0 
24.4 
30.2 
26.7 

8.8 


1,802 
994 
943 
688 
714 
473 
172 

3,889 


8 
11 

3 
26 
25 
41 

52 


263 
235 

216 
179 
254 
139 
86 

769 


32,262 
16,317 
16,170 
12,156 
15,061 
9,023 
4,038 

66,008 


7 
14 
33 
64 
81 
249 
235 
306 

1,063 


24,602 
16,963 
25,795 
24,125 
19,372 
34,547 
16,616 
8,747 

100,228 


23.4 
26.4 
26.2 
. 34.5 
34.2 
35.1 
37.1 
37.1 

32.6 


4,403 
2,679 
4,096 
5,392 
4,353 
7,369 
3,648 
1,775 

16,956 


13 

31 

35 

114 

116 

229 

883 


1,573 
805 
1,375 
1,929 
1,491 
2,910 
1,556 
860 

6,257 


79,347 
49,072 
76,940 
104,536 
80,758 


Under $50,000 


144,197 








Under $50,000 


37,003 


Rope , cordage , total 


Barber, beauty supply 




$2,000,000 and over 

$1 , 000 , 000— $1 , 999 , 999 . . . 


7 
11 
19 
19 

8 
17 

9 
16 

166 


31,824 
14,740 
13,998 
7,355 
2,076 
2,363 
653 
391 

31,700 


5.4 
10.0 
11.3 
11.0 
17.0 
15.2 
14.2 
15.8 

23.3 


1,212 
792 
1,047 
396 
187 
192 
42 
21 

3,714 


4 
4 
4 
11 
6 
5 
9 
9 

138 


166 
153 
222 
108 
39 
52 
17 
12 

913 


19,277 
15,253 
17,279 
6,974 
2,514 
3,402 
765 
544 

62,370 


325,764 


$500,000 and over 

$300 , 000— $499 , 999 

■ $200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 




$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200',000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 


13 

39 

63 

214 

234 

495 

387 


10,108 
14,466 
16,159 
30,843 
16,898 
11,754 

113.530 


37.0 
35.2 
33.6 

32.7 
30.5 

27.0 

21.2 


1,983 
2,910 
2,964 

5,507 
2,483 
1,109 

12.448 


3 

31 

54 

133 

176 

486 

234 


504 

940 

1,057 

1,988 

1,119 

649 

3.366 


35,419 
56,215 
56,967 
104,130 








Used machinery, equipment, 
total 


Laundry, dry cleaning 
equipment , supplies , total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50 000 $99 999 




$1,000,000 and over 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 


6 
12 

8 
17 
32 
34 
57 

3,960 


8,287 
8,218 
3,026 
4,233 
4,264 
2,338 
1,334 

1,145,565 


19.1 
24.8 
19.7 
27.0 
22.9 
27.1 
31.3 

19.5 


873 
1,154 
322 
521 
396 
291 
157 

126,479 


2 

5 
10 
16 
25 
29 
51 

2,391 


216 
202 

72 
125 
114 
115 

69 

35,262 


15,748 
15,821 
6,663 
8,483 
7,211 
5,499 
2,945 

2,442,016 


224.995 


3 
19 
51 
42 
51 
75 
61 
35 

1,279 


3,098 
24,769 
34,739 
16,068 
12,293 
10,865 
4,392 
2,256 

327,889 


18.2 
21.6 
21.3 
20.7 
22.0 
20.7 
21.1 
27.2 

11.9 


396 
3,088 
3,946 
1,606 
1,250 
1,025 
408 
229 

19,367 


3 
17 
23 
53 
51 
82 

1,056 


217 
762 
990 
445 
351 
357 
136 
108 

5,291 


14,409 
55,164 
71,090 
28,733 
22,961 




20,193 
7 523 


Other industrial machinery, 
supplies, total 


Under $50,000 


4,862 


Shoe findings, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999... 
$1 , 000 , 000— $1 , 999 , 999 . . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300 , 000— $499 , 999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50 000 $99 999 


$5,000,000 and over 


10 
67 
157 
312 
421 
397 
885 
821 
890 

463 


63,945 
138,605 
207,270 
216,774 
162,387 

97,254 
125,946 

60,052 

23,332 

95,904 


15.0 
15.5 
18.1 
19.1 
20.6 
22.1 
23.2 
24.7 
27.3 

26.1 


6,459 
18,134 
23,163 
24,254 
18,264 
11,735 
14,714 
7,096 
2,660 

15,257 


25 
43 
115 
189 
188 
562 
591 
678 

243 


1,934 
4,644 
5,651 
6,319 
4,880 
3,294 
4,657 
2,635 
1,248 

4,964 


145,825 
334,017 
434,188 
462,337 
344,229 
224,841 
290,486 
146,821 
59,272 

283,179 


335,980 


$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 


5 

18 

25 

55 

102 

99 

231 

276 

418 

100 


70,828 
51,028 
34,276 
37,319 
39,120 
24,353 
39,340 
19,803 
10,322 

9,740 


4.0 
9.2 
8.7 
14.4 
15.9 
16.9 
18.2 
17.4 
18.2 

28.8 


1,517 
2,576 
1,417 
2,776 
3,187 
2,115 
3,630 
1,470 
629 

1,522 


2 

1 

10 

34 

63 

79 

203 

253 

406 

70 


249 
472 
301 
650 
849 
652 
1,204 
586 
323 

503 


22,752 
37,399 
23,210 
44,651 
59,145 
38,551 


Under $50,000 


68,987 
23,644 








Dental supply houses, total 


Undertalcers ' supplies, total 

$300,000 and over 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 




$1,000,000 and over 


7 
39 
48 
54 
89 
85 
141 

143 


14,918 
27,438 
18,285 
13,020 
12,442 
6,289 
3,512 

18,794 


26.7 
26.6 
28.1 
24.7 
24.9 
23.2 
24.1 

25.2 


2,348 
4,783 
3,399 
1,955 
1,698 
729 
345 

2,627 


2 
7 
18 
50 
54 
112 

127 


546 
1,547 
1,109 
626 
633 
310 
193 

1,107 


38,560 
89,166 
63,538 
37,374 
32,543 
14,463 
7,535 

47,595 


28,247 


$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 


6 

6 

22 

20 

46 

190 


2,558 
1,564 
2,975 
1,390 
1,253 

45,504 


37.6 
23.3 
25.9 
28.1 
25.4 

13.3 


595 
242 
392 
195 
98 

4,354 


1 

11 
15 
43 

137 


181 
70 

125 
62 
65 

1,301 


11,503 
4,347 
7,208 


Under $50,000 






Religious supply houses, 
total 


Upholsterers' supplies, 
total 


77,626 


$500,000 and over 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200 , 000— $299 , 999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 


8 

5 

8 

23 

33 

66 

249 


7,140 
2,051 
1,949 
3,434 
2,450 
1,770 

64,442 


23.9 
25.9 
28.7 
24.9 
26.8 
24.5 

19.7 


1,057 
347 
312 
438 
313 
160 

7,797 


14 
2 
3 
16 
34 
58 

165 


375 
210 
103 
177 
150 
92 

2,460 


18,330 
5,723 
5,460 
8,739 
5,813 
3,530 

146,331 


$1,000,000 and over 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 


5 
21 
24 
20 
37 
36 
47 

1,184 


7,387 
15,009 
9,203 
4,976 
5,203 
2,664 
1,057 

160,966 


18.6 
13.5 
19.2 
13.0 
15.7 
17.9 
21.8 

23.4 


713 
1,560 
949 
454 
405 
199 
74 

20,649 


2 

n 

13 
13 
29 
28 
41 

904 


214 
379 
295 
L43 
136 
94 
40 

6,252 


12,821 
27,397 
16,264 
8,562 
7,132 








Under $50,000 


1,322 


School equipment, supplies. 


Other service equipment, 
supplies, total 








$1,000,000 and over 


13 
23 
26 
23 
60 
39 
65 

697 


19,787 
15,850 
10,303 
5,770 
8,144 
2,840 
1,748 

197,195 


17.3 
20.9 
19.9 
20.2 
21.7 
21.6 
20.4 

23.8 


2,344 
2,193 

1,255 
700 
844 
321 
140 

27,895 


6 
5 
21 
10 
43 
31 
49 

380 


668 
666 
348 
207 
336 
149 
86 

7,798 


44,630 
37,790 
22,774 
13,174 
16,880 
7,834 
3,249 

524,978 


394,323 


$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 


$1,000,000 and over 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 


12 
49 
68 
84 
224 
239 
503 

175 


19,839 
34,459 
25,818 
20,306 
31,434 
16,957 
12,103 

42,124 


15.4 
20.2 
23.8 
26.5 
26.3 
26.2 
27.2 

27.2 


1,980 
4,002 
3,522 
2.332 
4,644 
2,209 
1,410 

5,414 


7 

14 

38 

60 

150 

201 

434 

78 


484 
959 
938 
865 
1,436 
838 
732 

1,622 


37,179 
72,675 
65,087 
56,574 








Under $50,000 


31,012 


Surgical, medical, hospital 
equipment, supplies,- total 


Aircraft, aeronautical 
equipment, supplies, total 

$1,000,000 and over 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 




$5,000,000 and over 


3 
6 
27 
63 
85 
78 
135 
109 
191 


23,062 
15,846 
33,414 
41,718 
33,294 
18,895 
18,891 
7,695 
4,380 


26.9 
20.3 
25.8 
22.7 
22.4 
22.0 
23.1 
25.6 
31.1 


3,529 
1,957 
5,373 
6,114 
4,561 
2,416 
2,377 
927 
641 


2 
7 
10 
35 
33 
77 
73 
143 


969 

479 

1,335 

1,569 

1,232 

748 

613 


66,951 
37,250 
98,645 
115,704 
82,283 
46,143 
45,649 


109,916 


$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 


10 
15 
13 
13 
42 
34 
43 


14,134 
10,307 
5,182 
3,117 
5,674 
2,497 
1,163 


29.0 
24.7 
25.3 
28.2 
26.6 
27.2 
34.7 


1,865 
1,363 
562 
435 
721 
299 
169 


' 3 

7 

2 

23 


477 
403 
206 
108 
253 


34,994 
29,976 
11,631 
8,458 
15,097 


Under $50,000 


inf i-i flTi 


Under $50 000 


23 80 1 


3,801 




'" 1 1 







See footnotes at end of table. 



Table 2A.- 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 

SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS AND MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES 
—UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS; 1948— Continued 

SERVICE WHOLESALERS 



2.09 



Establishments, Sales, Opekating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of businfss 
and Baka-oue group 



Estab- 
lish' 
ments 



(Num- 
ber) 



INDUSTRIAL, CCfHERCI*!, 
PROFESSIONAL, FARM MACHIN- 
ERY, EQUIPMENT— Continued 

Railroad equipment, 
supplies , total 

$2,000,000 and over 

♦1,000,000 — $1,999,999. . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Marine equipment, supplies 
total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300, 000- -$499, 999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100, GOO- -$199, 999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Other transportation equip 
ment, supplies, total.... 

$500,000 and over 

$200,000— $499,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

Under $100,000 



METALS, METAL WBE 
(EXC. SCRAP) 

Iron, steel and products, 
total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000 — $4,999,999. 
$1,000,000— il, 999, 999. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Nonferrous metals, metal 
wjrk, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



WASTE MATERIALS 

Iron, steel scrap, total. 

$5,000,000 and over.... 
$2,000,000— $4,999,999. 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000-4299,999 

$100 , OOO — $199 , 999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Other scrap, waste mate- 
rials, total 

$5,000,000 and over.... 
$2,000,000— $4,999,999. 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Sales, 
cnQre 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
pa- 
cent 
of sales 



1,359 



36 
113 
172 
230 
154 
147 
207 
153 
147 



3,044 



60 
98 
150 
255 
239 
249 
481 
460 
1,052 



53 
137 
256 
287 
332 
763 
803 
1,982 



61,887 



34,749 
14,159 
3,852 
3,485 
2,313 
2,185 
1,071 
73 



102,857 



11,491 
22,317 
27,956 
13,569 
11,946 
10,403 
3,664 
1,511 



11,135 



13.2 



17.9 
18.1 
12.0 
19.6 
19.8 
25.8 
26.5 
37.0 



19.5 



15.0 
17.3 
20.5 
19.9 
20.5 
20.9 
26.1 
27.0 



19.6 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



{Hum 
bet) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



5,032 



2,558 
1,227 
240 
380 
231 
220 
166 
10 



10,897 



6,691 

2,105 

1,833 

506 



1,200,481 



307,405 

348,996 

237,328 

165,372 

60,711 

35,911 

29,759 

11,217 

3,782 



418,104 



247,951 

70,358 

50, U7 

27,671 

10,473 

5,031 

4,516 

1,350 

627 



1,696,195 



17.6 
25.2 
17.9 
30.2 



16.0 



12.3 
16.0 
16.6 
18.5 
18.9 
20.0 
21.1 
23.9 
29.2 



7.7 



1,211 
2,134 
3,044 
1,509 
1,330 
1,089 
424 
156 



1,325 



774 

276 

180 

95 



107,969 



Em- 
ployees 

(Num- 



2,905 



270 
495 
818 
395 
327 
340 
165 
95 



Pay roll 



{Dollars) 



87,624 



263 


44,554 


219 


19,332 


35 


4,214 


72 


7,051 


45 


4,315 


50 


4,931 


5? 


2,997 


5 


230 



203,675 



5.0 
11.0 
11.0 
12.0 
13. S 
18.4 
16.7 
18.7 
24.6 



9.6 



728,468 

302,479 

206,137 

181,134 

91,851 

60,952 

69,817 

33,235 

22,122 



981,107 



49,058 
157,319 
194,914 
179,421 
111,654 

80,390 
108,656 

57,733 

41,962 



4.1 
9.4 
13.8 
15.0 
16.3 
3 

18.0 
19.5 
22.4 



15.7 



21,448 

31,596 

22,653 

17,176 

6,433 

3,777 

3,073 

1,315 

498 



18,677 



7,879 

4,143 

3,144 

1,810 

705 

435 

388 

92 

81 



84,938 



12.0 
11.5 
12.4 
15.8 
17.4 
19.7 
18.7 
20.9 
24.4 



16,075 

14,880 

15,433 

14,185 

7,624 

5,503 

6,202 

2,946 

2,090 



81,433 



6 
29 
41 
68 
80 
100 
129 
105 
105 



143 
70 
48 
35 



26,853 



5,496 
7,627 
5,191 
4,030 
1,603 
1,160 
1,011 
492 
243 



4,737 



2,737 



3 

38 

85 

201 

231 

211 

48& 

452 

1,030 



4,641 



3,323 
9,175 
13,336 
15,616 
10,690 
8,055 
10,586 
6,046 
4,606 



17 
79 
210 
276 
309 
792 
913 
2,045 



1,798 

1,174 

805 

448 

208 

104 

110 

40 

50 



27,951 



20,987 
39,598 
54,987 
29,105 
25,445 
20,043 
9,405 
4,105 



23,921 



Kind of business 
and salcs-siic group 



14,142 
4,887 
3,363 
1,529 



1,973,624 



386,053 

557,984 

422,973 

314,894 

112,893 

74,236 

60,992 

31,040 

12 , 559 



348, U5 



3,315 
4,135 
4,663 
4,720 
2,904 
2,423 
2,930 
1,562 
1,299 



146,766 

77,628 

56,153 

31,689 

15,108 

8,094 

8,195 

2,106 

2,376 



249,044 
276,425 
284,256 
265,503 
144,065 
106,728 
127,395 
59,615 
44,488 



31,596 1,514,200 





900 


62,212 


? 


620 


151,580 


4 


143 


241,208 


5 


659 


288,540 


4 


333 


202,213 


3 


346 


152,030 


4 


895 


204,965 


2 


969 


117,038 


2 


731 


94,414 



OTHER TRADES 

Cameras, photographic 
goods, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000 — $4,999,999... 
$1 , 000 , 000— $1 , 999 , 999 . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99 ,999 

Under $50,000 



toys. 



Sporting goods, 
games , total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . 
$1 , 000 , 000— $1 , 999 , 999 . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300 ,000— $499 ,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Other recreation goods, 
total 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



{Hum- 



73 
121 



1,692 



$200,000 and over.. 
$100 , 000— $199 ,999 . 
$50,000— $99,999... 
Under $50,000 



Books, periodicals, news- 
papers, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000 — $499,999 

$200,000 — $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Coal, coke (with yards), 
total 



$5,000,000 and over.... 
$2,000,000— $4,999,999. 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

Under $100,000 



$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000 — $4,999,999. . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000 — $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Fertilizers, agricultural 
chemicals, total 



$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Seeds, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. 

$500 , 000— $999 , 999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200 , 000— $299 , 999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



3 
19 
28 
105 
160 
164 
334 
360 
519 



Sales, 
entice 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 
ating 
ex- 
penses 

(mc, 

pay 
roll) a 

per- 
cent 
tof sales 



7 
22 
58 
109 
168 
164 
412 
272 
365 



21 
37 
61 
112 
133 
UO 
202 
92 
79 



169,290 



45,731 
25,033 
17,687 
30,355 
17,350 
13,287 
11,777 
5,090 
2,980 



377,616 



24,306 
59,324 
38,022 
70,073 
59,376 
39,910 
47,759 
26,138 
12,708 



17.0 



11.8 
16.0 
16.6 
16.6 
22.1 
20.5 
21.9 
26.2 
28.7 



17.4 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors," 
Novem- 
ber 



{Hum- 
bcr) 



14,012 



1,373 
2,285 
1,754 
2,788 
2,030 
1,432 
1,371 
626 
353 



34,669 



8.9 
13.9 
20.5 
18.0 
17.5 
18.4 
19.1 
20.3 
22.0 



7,321 16.5 



4,348 

1,772 

1,006 

195 



456,464 



53,689 
58,498 
76,840 
77,099 
62,745 
39,790 
58,865 
20,251 
8,687 



595,195 



390,198 
95,044 
31,556 
36,564 
19,160 
10,773 
8,657 
3,243 

600, U3 



213,901 

112,847 

79,630 

78,014 

50,764 

27,188 

29,084 

6,626 

2,089 



139,923 



12.2 
21.8 
25.0 
20.5 



18.0 



16.7 
19.2 

17.7 
17.7 
17.7 
17.4 
18.5 
19.7 
27.1 



6.7 



1,471 
5,247 
4,259 
7,020 
5,561 
3,812 
4,095 
2,294 
910 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



r 

Em- 
ployees Pay roll 



{Hum- 
bcr) 



221 

211 

105 

13 



51,530 



4.2 
8.3 
8.9 
12.6 
17.6 
17.8 
20.7 
34.8 

6.3 



24,232 

44,787 

23,701 

18,095 

12,504 

7,466 

5,831 

2,407 

900 

324,641 



76,689 
78,400 
53,445 
50,389 
29,895 
13,197 
12,101 
4,067 
1,458 



3.6 
4.8 
7.6 
8.4 
8.8 
11.0 
11.6 
12.8 
20.9 



12.5 



10.5 
10.5 
12.9 
13.3 
14.6 
12.8 
19.0 
26.2 
27.1 

15.0 



5,597 
8,204 
3,644 
3,353 
6,929 
4,208 
6,646 
1,936 
963 



20,576 



8,488 

4,149 

1,553 

2,343 

1,614 

832 

843 

754 

18,208 



54 
117 
132 
309 
339 
469 



10 
22 
60 
79 
87 
239 
216 
309 



361 
601 
441 
310 
652 
451 
512 
276 
201 



11,377 



300 
1,355 
1,347 
2,029 
1,691 
1,332 
1,669 
1,058 

546 



(DolUrs) 



273,105 



27,750 
46,364 
31,628 
54,638 
38,678 
26,333 
25,254 
13,401 
9,059 



652,322 



22,315 



3,539 
2,795 
3,139 
3,119 
2.069 
1,593 
1,446 
319 
139 



7,405 



15.6 
13.5 
13.3 
14.5 
18.0 
16.1 
17.9 
23.7 
24.5 



363 

2,298 

1,288 

1,277 

819 

520 

506 

242 

92 

27,687 



8,681 

5,861 

3,723 

3,992 

2,819 

1,044 

974 

436 

152 



13 
14 
39 
75 

113 
91 

164 



1,723 
3,162 
3,235 
3,563 
3,024 
1,984 
3,543 
1,297 
634 



6,074 



2,303 
1,121 
479 
723 
521 
294 
327 
306 

6,285 



24,615 
94,650 
79,353 
129,049 
101,003 
72,004 
82,490 
47,660 
21,493 



11,135 



4,379 

4,255 

2,187 

314 



1,020,847 



102,852 
154,057 
172,146 
166,805 
140,649 
33,593 
134,903 
43,759 
22,083 



380,340 



762 
728 
1,093 
1,U7 
908 
696 
673 
196 
112 



89 
580 
408 
397 
275 
132 
207 

86 



10,262 



157,610 
76,987 
27,892 
39,659 
29,138 
15,125 
17,343 
16,586 

337,181 



58,990 
47,298 
60,247 
57,813 
41,603 
31,795 
26,636 
7,641 
5,108 



138,940 



2,880 

2,017 

1,193 

1,693 

1,153 

517 

460 

245 

99 



7,075 
43,989 
23,775 
22,031 
15,496 

9,512 
10,391 

4,599 

2,072 

512,286 



135,581 

113,899 

75,733 

73,123 

54,854 

21,141 

19,582 

9,612 

3,761 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2.10 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Tabic 2A.- 



SALES SIZE- SERVICE WHOLESALERS AND MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES 
—UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 

SERVICE WHOLESALERS 



Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of 'business 
and sales-siz£ group 



OTHER TRADES — Continued 

Other farm supplies, total. 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999... 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $<99, 999 

$200, 000- -$299, 999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Jewelry (general line) , 
total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500 , 000— $999 , 999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100, 000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Clocks, watches, total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1 , OOO , 000— $1 , 999 , 999 . . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Precious stones, metals, 
total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Watch materials, jewelers' 
tools, supplies, total.... 

$1,000,000 and over 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100 ,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Costume jewelry, total. 



$2,000,000 and over 

$1 , 000 , OOO— $1 , 999 , 999 . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100 , OOO— $199 , 999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Other jewelry, total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499 ,999 

$200 , 000— $299 , 999 

$100 ,000— $199 ,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Petroleum and products, 
total 



$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . . 
$1 , 000 , 000— $1 , 999 , 999 . . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Estab- 

bsh- 

men 18 



(Num- 
ber) 



3 
12 
31 
59 
64 
67 
109 
22 



30 
40 
34 
67 
81 
153 



67 
46 
101 
94 



20 
46 
45 
134 



19 
30 
30 
74 
90 
182 



16 
36 

77 
57 
184 
315 
621 



23 

48 
90 
120 
102 
204 
182 
234 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
d( sales 



185,067 



129,467 

26,089 

19,248 

5,179 

1,460 

1,047 

1,818 

445 

314 



202,876 



22,348 
36,887 
44,621 
40,751 
24,037 
16,390 
15,771 
1,581 
490 

103,603 



15,512 
24,456 
20,949 
15,313 
8,294 
9,365 
5,981 
3,733 



192,428 



47,573 
32,209 
51,496 
25,808 
11,302 
14,780 
6,713 
2,542 



42,849 



15,671 
2,932 
6,546 
5,038 
6,603 
3,256 
2,803 

71,203 



10,684 
7,735 

13,048 

11,347 
7,343 

10,112 
6,457 
4,477 

164,671 



14,313 
21,372 
23,118 
29,317 
13,670 
25,740 
22,374 
14,767 



443,358 



122,937 
68,529 
68,767 
63,600 
45,822 
25,377 
29,151 
12,927 
6,248 



5.0 



3.6 
6.0 

8.1 
8.3 
12.7 
20.0 
21.2 
18.0 
24.8 



16.3 



16.9 
16.1 
14.8 
16.7 
17.7 
16.5 
16.7 
17.0 
24.9 

16.8 



14.5 
18.0 
16.1 
15.2 
18.4 
19.5 
16.9 
19.4 



3.3 
6.1 
8.4 
8.2 
9.8 
10.3 
12.7 
17.2 



21.6 



18.7 
23.0 
23.1 
24.4 
22.3 
23.8 
22.9 

20.9 



15.7 
15.9 
22.8 
21.5 
21.1 
24.5 
22.6 
23.6 

18.3 



23.5 
18.4 
19.6 
16.8 
16.2 
17.0 
17.7 
18.8 



11.2 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propn- 
etors.* 
Novem- 
ber 



{Hum- 
ber) 



5,245 



2,872 
895 
829 
203 

80 
91 
205 
21 
49 



18,604 



2,336 
3,578 
3,668 
4,003 
2,151 
1,347 
1,354 
125 
42 

8,881 



922 

2,543 

2,007 

1,187 

711 

831 

413 

267 



6,410 



736 
1,018 
2,070 
974 
501 
643 
288 
180 



5,510 



1,921 
364 
941 
697 
900 
403 
284 

7,856 



842 

693 

1,913 

1,477 

'/51 

1,268 

566 

346 

14,932 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



3 
11 
25 
60 
44 
110 
27 
16 



11 
39 
18 
51 

75 
162 



16 
38 
72 
53 
46 
95 
106 
86 



17 
22 
47 
46 
129 



23 

40 
58 
82 
184 

1,311 



5.1 
7.3 
9.6 
14.5 
16.9 
18.0 
20.0 
21.2 
25.6 



1,819 
2,259 
2,570 
2,523 
1,223 
2,116 
1,559 
863 



23,505 



3,438 
2,606 
3,461 
4,191 
3,344 
2,018 
2,651 
1,218 
578 



11 
85 
49 
169 
335 
662 



Em- 
ployees 

(>ium- 



1,814 



1,007 
283 
230 
84 
30 
65 
72 
15 
23 



4,558 



435 

779 

795 

1,037 

590 

422 

436 

46 

18 

2,093 



215 
473 
410 
303 
169 
240 
169 
114 



1,109 



74 
131 
310 
189 
108 
151 
92 
54 



1,927 



661 
114 
282 
228 
307 
163 
172 

2,402 



182 
189 
540 
394 
234 
413 
255 
195 



9 
33 
54 
54 
111 
133 
193 



447 
604 
574 
587 
301 
667 
631 
449 



7,271 



Pay roll 



iDollars) 



1,355 
550 
855 
1,188 
1,046 
652 
829 
487 
309 



96,435 



52,963 
14,895 
14,250 

4,504 
1,654 
3,181 
3,594 
515 
879 



348,111 



45,198 
66,288 
63,550 
77,947 
39,402 
26,098 
-26,021 
2,698 
909 

168,91! 



16,063 
49,230 
36,240 
23,668 
13,598 
15,839 
8,726 
5,548 



112,236 



10,050 

16,471 

35,936 

19,404 

8,667 

11,823 

6,016 

3,869 



104,115 



34,515 
7,243 
17,849 
13,833 
16,647 
7,923 
6,105 

159,757 



14,383 
13,527 
40,874 
30,469 
U,500 
25,324 
11,860 
3,320 

284,036 



34,467 
43,713 
46,012 
46,509 
23,227 
40,324 
30,874 
18,410 



450,529 



Kind of business 
and sales-size group 



65,223 
53,203 
61,455 
80,499 
63,504 
38,438 
51,499 
23,971 
12,737 



OTHER TRADES — Continued 

Flowers (cut), potted 
plants , total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300, OOj— $499.999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50 ,000— $99 ,999 

Under $50,000 

Bulbs, plants, total 

$1,000,000 and over 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300 , 000— $499 , 999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Forest products (exc. 
lumber), total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

General merchandise, total. 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500,000— $999,999 

$200 ,000— $499 ,999 

Under $200,000 

Leather goods, total 

$1,000,000 and over 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499 ,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100 , 000— $199 , 999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Oils and fats (Inedible), 
total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1 , 000 , OOO— $1 , 999 , 999 . . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$200,000— $499,999 

$100, 000- -$199, 999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Textiles, and materials, 
other than dry goods, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2 , 000 , 000— $4 , 999 , 999 . . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999.999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Yarns , total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2 , 000 , 000— $4 , 999 , 999 . . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300 , 000— $499 , 999 

$200 , 000— $299 ,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Kind of business, n.e.c, 
total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999.. . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. .. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100 , 000— $199 , 999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Estab- 
Ush- 
ments 



(Aium- 
_bc±_ 



3 

13 
48 
76 
65 
117 



10 
19 
13 
26 
25 
57 
66 
Ul 



7 
8 
27 
41 
64 
65 
117 
110 
159 



16 
12 
30 
31 
19 
38 
35 
25 

1,836 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



penses 
(uic 
pay 

roll) as 
per- 

(Thousand L?^, 



136 
137 
327 
335 
736 



123,705 



7,206 
17,992 
32,813 
28,941 
16,456 
16,782 
5,308 
3,207 

17,770 



4,119 
4,063 
2,496 
2,954 
2,502 
1,077 
559 

123,273 



57,096 
25,591 
8,503 
10,510 
6,084 
7,721 
4,610 
3,158 

467,922 



358,934 

64,810 

29,729 

11,165 

1,365 

1,419 

17,199 



5,085 
2,433 
1,138 
2,846 
2,543 
1,877 
1,227 

170,463 



149,454 

13,217 

3,949 

1,683 

1,207 

694 

259 

241,745 



82,964 
26,570 
35,051 
27,934 
24,515 
15,974 
16,656 
7,905 
4,176 

144,652 



Oper- 
ating 



19.0 



14.0 
17.6 
19.2 
19.0 
19.5 
17.9 
22.8 
33.4 

25.2 



20.4 
24.3 
23.3 
26.0 
31.6 
31.5 
32.2 

15.2 



11.0 
11.2 
26.2 
16.3 
27.0 
24.9 
25.9 
30.0 

10.6 



10.3 
10.8 
13.3 
11.2 
10.8 
16.6 

20.9 



19.4 
21.7 

18.7 
18.8 
24.1 
22.6 
23.5 

6.4 



6.0 
4.9 
12.6 
17.9 
22.6 
21.9 
26.6 



32,935 

49,926 

14,962 

20,960 

12,213 

4,739 

5,556 

2,687 

674 

730,497 



404,006 
38,418 
48,987 
67,907 
51,900 
32,924 
45,893 
23,710 
16,752 



4.8 
5.3 
12.5 
17.6 
17.2 
20.3 
18.4 
18.1 
22.4 

6.9 



Pay toll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousarvi 
doll<iri) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Hum- 
bo) 



13,971 



655 
2,317 
3,670 
3,165 
1,639 
1,476 
554 
495 

2,459 



565 
491 
324 
414 
424 
162 
79 

10,653 



3,411 

1,657 

1,332 

1,055 

896 

1,195 

663 

449 

31,939 



24,662 

4,071 

2,319 

704 

96 

87 

1,882 



718 
231 
lU 
273 
260 
180 
106 

5,394 



4,245 

458 

294 

132 

98 

84 

33 

14,768 



4.1 
5.0 
6.9 
9.9 
10.0 
13.5 
12.4 
14.6 
23.3 

9.7 



2.7 
11.0 
15.6 
13.2 
19.7 
13.2 
20.8 
22.7 
26.2 



2,164 

769 

2,414 

2,720 

2,195 

1,786 

1,644 

706 

370 

4,946 



52 
127 



695 

1,290 

525 

1,095 

549 

283 

289 

162 

58 

33,646 



4,481 
2,260 
4,355 
6,003 
5,097 
2,824 
4,696 
2,231 
1,649 



28 
38 
54 
100 
102 
143 



17 
14 
13 
25 
24 
16 

1,486 



11 
58 
103 
123 
260 
287 
642 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



r 

Em- 
ployees Pay roll 

(Hum- 
bcr) 



4,266 



147 
538 
1,070 
883 
498 
521 
270 
289 

358 



106 
146 
99 
133 
248 
81 
45 

4,303 



1,396 
668 
386 
472 
319 
431 
335 
296 

10,121 



7,504 

1,473 

821 

243 

51 
29 

671 



239 
59 
34 
32 

119 
76 
62 

1,470 



1,218 
90 
53 



472 
172 
753 
990 
830 
752 
784 
388 
212 

1,028 



95 
182 
100 
246 
124 

68 
100 

76 

37 

10,266 



738 

435 
1,389 
1,665 
1,420 

901 
1,706 
1,029 

933 



(Dollars) 



245,651 



8,663 
35,984 
63,604 
56,703 
28,351 
29,933 
12,486 

9,927 

50, UO 



10,596 
9,021 
6,137 
7,376 

10,835 
4,331 
1,814 

215,382 



63,440 
42,930 
23,567 
20,304 
16,556 
22,869 
14,056 
11,660 

588,301 



447,949 

77,276 

46,732 

13,012 

1,715 

1,617 

36,212 



11,766 
4,892 
2,239 
5,167 
6,224 
3,688 
2,186 

99,821 



81,059 
6,857 
4,664 
3,115 
1,762 
1,566 
793 

266,642 



32,613 
13,809 
39,483 
50,100 
42,499 
31,903 
33,970 
14,137 
8,123 

87,463 



11,739 
21,531 
9,224 
19,267 
9,799 
4,537 
5,791 
3,962 
1,613 

650,765 



71,509 
41,221 
83,865 
127,558 
93,866 
51,561 
93,133 
50,176 
37,826 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.11 



Table 2A.— SALES SIZE-SERVICE WHOLESALERS AND MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES 
—UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 
MANUFACTURERS" SALES BRANCHES 
Establishments. Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of business 
and sales-siK group 



Manufacturers' aalee 
branches, (with stocks) 
total 



$5,000,000 and over... 
$2,000,000— $4,999,999 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999 
$500,000— $999,999. 
$300,000— $499,999. 
$200 , 000— $299 , 999 . 
$100,000— $199,999. 
$50,000— $99,999... 
Under $50,000 



GROCERIES, CONFECTIONERY, 
HEATS 



Confectionery, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999 18 

$1,000, 000- -$1,999, 999 30 

$500,000— $999,999 22 

$300,000— $499,999 IS 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199, 999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Meats, meat products, total 

$5,000,000 and over 153 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999 321 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999.... 214 

$500,000— $999,999 37 

$200,000— $499,999 6 

Under $200.000 3 

Canned foods, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999 46 

$500,000— $999,999 14 

$300,000-$499,999 5 

$200,000— $299,999 

Under $200,000 

Coffee, tea, spices 

Flour, total 

$5,000,000 and over 27 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999.... 26 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999 36 

$500,000— $999,999 19 

$300,000— $499,999 11 

$200,000— $299,999 11 

$100,000— $199,999 13 

Under $100,000 12 

Miscellaneous grocery 
specialties, total 

$5,000,000 and over 86 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999.... 116 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999 146 

$500,000— $999,999 282 

$300,000— $499,999 219 

$200,000— $299,999 131 

$100,000~$199,999 269 

$50,000— $99,999 255 

Under $50,000 391 



FARM PRODUCTS (EDIBLE) 

Dairy, poultry products, 
total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2 . 000 , 000— $4 , 999 , 999 . . 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999 76 

$500,000— $999.999 99 

$300,000— $499,999 126 

$200,000— $299,999 103 

$100,000— $199,999 134 

$50,000— $99,999 41 

Under $50,000 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Estab- 

hsh- 

ments 



(Hum- 
her) 



15,716 



1,266 
1,845 
1,945 
2,305 
1,801 
1,448 
2,267 
1,439 
1,400 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 
ating 

CX' 

pcnses 

(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per. 

cent 
af sales 



29,229,717 



17,367,547 

5,910,323 

2,785,237 

1,635,083 

701,512 

355,764 

331,090 

104,981 

38,180 



355,338 



229,690 

54,665 

43,930 

16,077 

7,105 

1,284 

2,183 

234 

170 

2,770,342 



1,379,002 

1,038,441 

321,996 

28,559 

2,109 

235 

655,242 



385,765 

187,160 

67,618 

10,944 

2,129 

955 

671 



493,895 



331,787 
87,490 
51,566 
13,448 
4,292 
2,749 
2,023 
540 



2,298,747 



1,351,410 

360,646 

203,176 

196,126 

37, 969 

32,774 

37,599 

18,238 

10,809 



880,074 



400,465 

205,175 

109,305 

67,117 

48,657 

25,809 

19,921 

3,073 

552 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollarj) 



10.0 1,501,413 



7.5 
9.8 
13.4 
18.0 
21.4 
24.3 
25.8 
29.5 
35.4 



12.0 



7.9 
16.4 
20.1 
23.0 
28.2 
32.3 
23.1 
26.5 
19.4 



4.0 
4.4 
4.5 
6.6 



7.7 



7.5 
6.5 
11.5 
11.4 
10.3 
13.3 
31.4 



4.1 
5.9 
8.1 
10.2 
13.0 
12.6 
10.9 
9.6 



9.2 



5.0 
11.5 
15.6 
17.0 
19.8 
20.8 
21.2 
21.2 
22.8 



13.4 



11.0 
10.6 
16.0 
20.3 
20.6 
21.8 
24.1 
26.6 
31.2 



610,302 

304,229 

204,293 

170,400 

86,809 

50,250 

48,457 

18,332 

8,341 



14,924 



4,853 

3,766 

3,508 

1,393 

921 

179 

239 

40 

25 

65,731 



30,973 

25,530 

8,010 

1,075 

131 

12 

16, 339 



6,538 
5,324 

3,516 

608 

113 

63 

172 



11,304 



6,275 

2,554 

1,843 

562 

271 

144 

125 

30 



98,814 



24,100 
19,854 
15,912 
18,823 
9,119 
3,704 
3,986 
2,024 
1,292 



60,977 



25,567 

11,648 

3,533 

6,210 

4,442 

2,277 

1,936 

297 

67 



Active 
propri- 
etors.' 
Novem- 
ber 



(>(um- 
bcr) 



32 
72 
57 
61 

101 
92 

101 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, worltweclt 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Num- 
hcr) 



411,725 



29,131,751 



165, 195 
83,724 
55,470 
45,616 
23,440 
14,060 
14,641 
6,156 
3,423 



4,210 



1,251 

1,0X 

1,039 

419 

339 

50 

60 

11 



22,759 



10,515 

8,967 

2,826 

422 



5.315 



1,972 

1,762 

1,111 

221 

56 

27 

166 



3,391 



1,703 
734 
562 
191 
93 
47 
39 
22 



28,729 



6,611 
5,797 
4,565 
5,650 
2,656 
1,174 
1,220 
601 
455 



17, 682 



6,665 

3,278 

2,770 

1,960 

1,374 

764 

720 

103 

48 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



11,839,188 

5,919,974 

3,958,947 

3,266,930 

1,677,002 

974,744 

942,573 

368,401 

183,992 



298,915 



99,678 

70,574 

72,368 

26,815 

20,418 

3,322 

4,032 

673 

535 

1,354,270 



640,948 

522,371 

159,555 

28, 363 

2,621 

412 

315,818 



125,601 
102, 549 
65,520 
12,171 
1,495 
2,158 
6,324 

96,906 

225,546 



120, X6 
48,036 
35,065 
11,380 
4,323 
2,750 
2,365 
779 



1,947,030 



455,794 

404,241 

322,028 

375,438 

177,507 

73,594 

71,875 

38,917 

27, 636 



1,162,426 



477,649 
230, 125 
164,271 
118,687 
81,749 
42,756 
39, 709 
5,380 
2,100 



Kind of business 
and sales-size group 



BEER, WIKES, DISTILLED 
SPIRITS 

Beer, ale, total 

$5,000,000 and over.... 
$2 , 000 , 000— $4 , 999 , 999 . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200 , 000— $299 , 999 

$100, 000- -$199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Wines, distilled spirits, 
total 

$5,000,CX)0 and over.... 
$2,000,000--54,999,999. 
$1 ,000,000--$! , 999, 999. 

$500.000— $999,999 

$200.000— $499,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

Under $100,000 



DRUGS, CHH1ICA1S, ALLIED 
PRODUCTS 

Proprietary medicines, 
toiletries, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2, 000, 000- -$4,999, 999. . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000~$99,999 

Under $50,000 

Drug sundries, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999... 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$50,000— $199, 999 

Under $50,000 

Industrial chemicals, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999... 
$1, 000, OCO— $1,999,999. .. 

$500,000--$999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199, 999 

$50 ,000--$99,999 

Under $50,000 

Paints, varnishes, total... 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2 , 000 , 000— $4 , 999 , 999 . . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199, 999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Tobacco and products 
(exc. leaf) 



DRY GOODS, APPAREL 

Men's,bo7s' clothing, 
furnishings, total 

$5,000,000 and over... 
$2,000,000— $4,999,999 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$100,000--$299,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 
her) 



13 
34 
67 
67 
112 
213 
130 
52 



Sales, 



Oper- 
ating 



year 



penses 
(mc. 
pay 

roll) as 
per- 



219,775 



63,276 

61,172 

48,407 

28,564 

3,610 

2,543 

5,264 

1,804 

135 



528,571 



436,857 

24,017 

10,212 

5,572 

987 
745 
181 



157,876 



75,581 

43, 887 

22,093 

12,118 

1,634 

990 

925 

252 

396 

344,957 



88,302 

172,630 

63,919 

12,944 

4,653 

1,391 

1,050 

68 

1,472,119 



1,022,033 
268,437 
35,037 
52, 108 
24,475 
8,428 
8,205 
2,767 
574 

353,717 



124,580 
33,062 
48,351 
43,808 
25,745 
26,694 
30,533 
9,342 
1,597 



797,902 



175,388 



93,813 

34,761 

30,436 

9,942 

3,882 

2,063 

361 

130 



17.3 



13.9 
21.5 
17.3 
14.6 
17.2 
22.0 
19.6 
23.9 
27.4 



7.4 



6.8 
15.2 
11.1 
14.8 
23.0 
23.2 
28.7 



27.3 



28.3 
21.7 
30.9 
32.8 
25.3 
40.4 
36.5 
31.7 
48.7 

19.0 



17.2 
18.4 
22.8 
20.4 
16.8 
23.8 
23.0 
36.3 

8.7 



6.8 
11.7 
10.6 
16.0 
21.8 
22.7 
26.4 
31.9 
38.5 

18.8 



14.4 
19.8 
19.6 
20.0 
21.5 
21.4 
24.0 
23.6 
36.8 



5.1 
13.6 
10.3 
15.7 
17.4 
18.8 
18.6 
17.7 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dotlgrj) 



22,106 



5,931 

7,237 

4,962 

2,290 

746 

248 

462 

213 



10,059 



7,931 
896 
458 
503 
151 
99 
21 



15,800 



9,169 

3,013 

1,903 

1,187 

133 

172 

119 

19 

85 

30,809 



8,191 

15,093 

5,671 

1,092 

383 

239 

123 

17 

48,002 



22,757 

12,371 

3,565 

4,258 

2,351 

759 

908 

418 

115 

30,659 



6,337 
3,792 
4,916 
4,712 
2,627 
3,010 
3,734 
1,254 
277 



9,451 



3,056 

2,912 

1,853 

945 

335 

285 

41 

24 



Active 
propri- 
etors," 
Novem- 
ber 

(^um- 
be) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
ber) 



6,276 



1,709 
1,921 
1,326 
755 
230 
31 
168 



1,557 
230 



147 
39 



4,153 



2,321 

918 

446 

315 

30 

32 

42 

8 

41 

8,251 



2,032 

4,018 

1,627 

326 

149 

65 

28 

6 

10,512 



4,461 

2,960 

864 

1,060 

567 

200 

243 

119 

33 

3,809 



1,490 

962 

1,417 

1,305 

714 

1,001 

1,297 

507 

116 



Pay roll 

(DolUra) 
C 



474, 782 



144, 397 

151,263 

95,478 

51,634 

12,903 

5,050 

9,547 

4,176 

334 



188,311 



141,776 
21,502 
10,200 
8,776 
3,275 
2,333 
449 



291,707 



157,627 

59,846 

42,176 

22,582 

1,963 

2,588 

2,277 

430 

2,218 

584, 147 



137,839 

298,301 

109,981 

22, 178 

8,356 

5,114 

2,037 

341 

908,015 



429, 170 
240,265 
66,657 
84,097 
46,091 
14, 105 
16,862 
8,557 
2,211 

607,888 



131,539 
68,394 
96,896 
92, 336 
49,312 
59, 115 
75,478 
28, 703 
6,115 



187,230 



481 


58,535 


409 


54,206 


473 


39, 126 


229 


19,278 


1C8 


6,110 


108 


8,673 


?n 


847 


10 


455 



2.12 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2A.— SALES SIZE- SERVICE WHOLESALERS AND MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES 
—UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 

MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES 
Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind ot business 
and sales-siK group 



Eatab- 

Lsh- 

ments 



(Hum- 
ber) 



r.iy GOODS, APPAHEL 

Women's, children's cloth- 
ing, furnishings, total, 

$2,000,000 and over.... 
$1 , 000, 000— $1, 999, 999. . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$3:0,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100, 00c— $199, 999 

Under $100,000 

Shoes, other footwear 

Clothing, furnishings, 

n.e.c 

Hosiery, underwear 

Piece goods, total 

$5,0:^0,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $i, 999, 999. , 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. , 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299, 999 

$100,000— $199,999 

Under $100,000 

Other dry goods, notions, 
total 

$5,000,000 and over. 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. , 
$1, OOO, 000— $1 , 999, 999. 

$500, 000— $999, 999 

$300, 000— $499, 999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



FURNITUHZ, HOME FURNISHINGS 

Household furniture, total 

$1,000,000 and over 

$500, 000— $999, 999 

$300, 000— $499, 999 

$200, 000— $299, 999 

$100, 000— $199, 999 

Under $100,000 

Office furniture, total... 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1, 000, 000— $1 , 999, 999. . 

$500,000— $999, 999 

$300, 000— $499, 999 

$200, 000— $299, 999 

$100, 000— $199, 999 

$50, 000— $99, 999 

Under $50,000 

Floor coverings, total,.,, 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . 
$1, 000, 000— $1, 999, 999. . 

$500,000— $999,999 

Under $500,000 

Miscellaneous home 
furnishings, total, 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999.. 

$500, 000— $999, 999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

Under $100,000 



PAPER AND ITS PRODUCTS 

Stationery, office supplies, 
total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1, 000, 000— $1, 999, 999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300, 000— $499, 999 

$200, 000— $299, 999 

$100, 000— $199, 999 

$50, 000— $99, 999 

Under $50,000 



Oper- 
ating 

ex- 
penses 
(inc 

pay 
roll) as 

pei- 

cent 
(Thlmsani |of sales 
dollars) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



54, 500 



2 ,879 
13,541 

12,404 

4,304 

2,155 

99u 

227 

123,858 

30,752 
62,306 



960,383 
24,471 

10,587 

3,318 

2,541 

1,258 

749 

137 



122,981 



50,240 
27, 170 
15,219 
16,066 
7,629 
2,421 
3,305 
767 
164 



104, 503 



65,524 

23,882 

11,811 

2,355 

562 

369 

65,505 



22,766 

13,432 

12,421 

7,181 

4,150 

5,062 

418 

75 

241, 634 



145, 538 

74,170 

16,642 

3,052 

2,232 



122,493 



12.6 
13.3 
18.4 
16.6 
2C.4 
13.6 

11.8 

12.1 
13.9 



3.2 

9."' 
14.3 
13,6 
15,5 
16.9 
23,0 
29.9 



11.9 



9,2 

7,1 
18.3 
20.0 
14.3 
11.5 
17.4 
19.4 
30.5 



9,7 



9.8 
9.6 
8.5 
8,6 
15,5 
31.2 

26.1 



17.0 
20,8 
31.1 
32.6 
34.9 
28.9 
38,7 

8.0 



8.9 
6.1 
7.8 
8.0 
19.9 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Tfioujdnd 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Hum- 
ber) 



3,248 



913 
857 
885 
296 
167 
121 
19 



2,271 
4,330 



18,952 



16, 583 

1,159 

678 

13. 

188 

82 

110 

22 



8,731 



2,734 

1,179 

1,538 

1,966 

644 

154 

376 

104 

36 



5,054 



2,781 

1,466 

550 

126 

44 



8,457 



2,825 

1,414 

1,419 

1,197 

679 

844 

70 

9 

10,076 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, worlcweelr 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 



Pay roll 



(Tiium- 
ber) I (Dollars) 



135 
145 
227 
72 
39 
66 
4 



375 

902 



3,095 
156 



593 

291 

427 

625 

197 

41 

93 

24 

14 



1,029 

536 
285 
133 
35 
11 
29 



2,256 



705 
379 
336 
323 
218 
262 
29 



2,606 



73,913 

24,882 

12,333 

5,106 

4,167 

1,522 

570 



60,680 



22, 



11. 
'7. 



5.7 
13.2 
13.6 
18.0 
18.7 
23.8 
47.2 



21.8 



16.8 
18.4 
21.6 
25.1 
28.0 
28.8 
29.6 
38.5 



6,364 

2,705 

624 

115 

268 



5,510 



2,072 
1,510 
850 
445 
339 
141 
153 



8,256 



2,366 
638 

1,337 

1,186 
918 

1,093 
375 
343 



1,632 
640 
221 
30 
83 



403 
448 
210 
147 
135 
48 
76 



66,464 



17,974 
15,811 
19,193 
6,598 
3,236 
3,255 
397 

148,426 

39,813 
77,921 

366,356 



322,423 
21,812 

11,780 
2,579 
4,010 
1,632 
1,691 
429 



158,773 



49,243 

22,347 

28,325 

32,799 

13,467 

3,085 

6,559 

2,061 

887 



80,831 

44,890 
20,092 
U,307 

2,128 
842 

1,572 

164,648 



59,275 
26,768 
25,344 
22,333 
13,319 
15,684 
1,658 
267 

188,669 



121,423 

45,132 

13,690 

2,167 

6,257 



105,893 



39,006 

28,962 

15,740 

■ 8,278 

7,900 

2,958 

3,049 



156,504 



Kind of business 
and sales-size group 



693 


43,736 


170 


12,572 


303 


26,986 


324 


21,997 


265 


17,167 


309 


20,618 


139 


7,146 


137 


6,282 



PAPER AND ITS PRODUCTS— Oon 

Other paper products, total. 

$2, 000, 000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999. .. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300, 000— $499, 999 

$200, OOO— $299, 999 

$100, 000— $199, 999 

$50, 000— $99, 999 

Under $50,000 



AUTOMOTIVE EQUIPMENT, 
TIRES AND TUBES 

Automotive parts, acces- 
sories, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999.. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300, 000— $499, 999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100, 000— $199, 999 

$50, 000— $99, 999 

Under $50,000 

Garage equipment, tools, 
total 

$500,000 and over 

$300, OOO— $499, 999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

Under $100,000 

Tires, tubes, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999.. 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999.. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300, 000— $499, 999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100, 000— $199, 999 

$50, 000— $99, 999 

Under $50,000 



ELECTRICAL GOODS 

Wiring supplies, con- 
struction materials, total. 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999, . . 

$500, 000— $999, 999 

$200, 000— $499, 999 

$100, 000— $199, 999 , 

Under $100,000 , 

Apparatus and equipment, 
total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999, . 
$1 , 000, 000— $1, 999, 999. . 

$500, 000— $999, 999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100, 000— $199, 999 

Under $100,000 

Radios, television sets... 

Electrical appliances, 
specialties, n.e.c, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2, 000, 000— $4, 999, 9?9. . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . 

'.'iG0,000— $999,999 

$300, 000— $499, 999 

$200, 000— $299, 999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 



47 

102 

32 

15 

5 

12 

14 

5 

3 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thtyusand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 

ex- 
penses 
(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per- 
cent 
of sales 



131,706 



79,962 
21,855 
15,999 
6,157 
4,241 
2,407 
909 
176 



792,829 



573,278 

121,614 

34,362 

25,553 

14,821 

8,614 

11,069 

2,795 

723 



30,458 



10,999 

5,793 

8,282 

4,943 

441 

748,589 



344,531 

337,270 

47,275 

11,893 

2,195 

2,888 

2,038 

381 

118 



394,731 



163,820 

152,623 

46,564 

24,226 

6,115 

737 

646 



2,121,986 



1,864,175 

137,014 

77,320 

25,925 

11,266 

3,441 

1,945 

900 



189,040 



60,855 
82,894 
21,643 
4,383 
4,746 
4,780 
6,332 
2,627 
730 



12.. 



11.2 
11.4 
18.3 
18.5 
15.2 
16.8 
21.6 
32.4 



U.2 



13.3 
9.6 
9.9 
17.6 
24.2 
19.4 
18.8 
20.7 
45.9 



28.0 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Tltousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(>(um- 
ber) 



9,909 



5,738 

1,419 

1,393 

622 

395 

200 

113 

29 



57,900 



21.1 
24,1 
37,0 
32,6 

30,2 

7.6 



7.4 
6.9 
10.8 
13.7 
13.3 
18,5 
20,3 
19,4 
19.5 



6.6 



5.6 
7.1 
6.7 
8.1 
13.1 
19.3 
15.9 



9.4 



9.8 
6.4 
5.6 
7.0 
12.4 
14.2 
12.8 
25.3 



6.1 

6.0 
8.6 
22.1 
19.6 
31.3 
25.5 
30.8 
52.7 



42,013 
6,220 
1,868 
2,696 
2,178 
1,052 
1,306 
365 
202 



4,420 



1,481 
611 

1,510 

742 

76 

23,777 



13,330 

11,995 

2,024 

730 

152 

272 

226 

38 

10 



11,123 



3,358 

4,956 

1,423 

881 

374 

34 

52 



149,297 



139,264 

5,131 

2,398 

1,026 

869 

306 

181 

122 



8,603 



1,905 
2,076 
885 
550 
613 
363 
1,006 
484 
221 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, worlcweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
be) 



2,773 



1,564 

348 

426 

219 

118 

57 

31 

15 



19,544 



14,135 
2,123 
590 
922 
709 
332 
425 
165 



309 
125 
345 
179 
21 

9,080 



4,213 

3,817 

530 

214 

57 

93 

87 

13 

6 



2,851 



772 
1,377 
352 
209 
96 
21 
24 



40,133 



37,768 
1,263 
564 
198 
178 
89 
38 
35 



Pay roll 
(Dollari) 



191,710 



110,371 

25,315 

28,871 

11,858 

7,760 

4,129 

2,238 

668 



948,235 

128,726 

36,320 

57,986 

42,536 

19,633 

26,190 

8,920 

4,196 



85,499 



30,533 
11,647 
23,375 
13,556 
1,383 

588,941 



271,436 

249,203 

39,309 

14,922 

3,252 

5,269 

4,581 

651 

268 



230,763 



62,827 

110,321 

29,088 

18,325 

7,443 

1,529 

1,230 



2,711,321 



2,521,117 

95,418 

48,740 

19,691 

15,064 

6,014 

2,473 

2,804 

29,360 



169,202 



511 


32,236 


513 


36,260 


242 


20,599 


180 


9,457 


191 


11,232 


260 


18,233 


328 


24,733 


188 


10,722 


113 


5,630 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 

Table 2A.— SALES SIZE-SERVICE WHOLESALERS AND MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES 
—UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS: 1948— Continued 

MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES 
Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pav Roll, and Personnel 



2.13 



Kind of business 
and sales-size group 



HAHrwARI, PLUMBING, HEATING 



Hardware, total. 



$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999. 

$500, 000— $999, 999 

$300,000--$499,999 

$aXI, 000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Plumbing, heatljig 
(general line), total. 



$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $i, 999, 999. 
$1,000,000—41,999,999. 

$500,000~$999,999 

$300,000— $499, 999 

$200,000— $299,999 

Under $200,000 



Heating (Inc. stoves, 
ranges), total 



$200,000 and over 

$1 , 000 , 000— $ 1 , 999 , 999 . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Esab- 

bsh- 

ments 



(Hum- 
bn) 



Plumbing fixtures, supplies 



Air conditioning, 

iTg equipment, t 



ventilat- 
)tal 



$2(X),000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999.. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000--$299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



LUMBER, CONSTBUCTION 
HATEBIALS 

Lumber, mlllwork, total,. 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300, 000- -$499, 999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

Under $100,000 

Brick, tile, terra cotta. 
Cement, lime, plaster.... 

Glass (building), total.. 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1, 000, 000— $1 , 999, 999 . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

Under $100,000 



Roofing, siding, Insulation 

Miscellaneous construction 
isaterials, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999. . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499 ,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

'^ Under $100,000 



Sales, 
entile 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex' 

penscs 
(inc. 
pay 

roll) as 
pet- 
cent 

□f sales 



78,050 



37,716 
8,726 
14,045 
10,508 
3,627 
2,491 
791 
146 



356,601 



44,716 

143,734 

101,117 

57, 923 

6,898 

1,216 

997 



129,003 



17.1 



5.7 
17.0 
30.9 
32.4 
31.6 
21.5 
29.2 
30.1 



10.3 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



,150 



1,335 

992 

2,474 

2,135 

680 
333 
172 
29 



21,926 



49,969 

31,746 

27,801 

10,391 

3,994 

4,261 

743 

98 



71,111 



33,809 

15,972 

11,201 

6,299 

931 

2,371 

441 

87 



130,829 



63,068 
42,101 
14,758 
4,733 
3,381 
2,107 
681 

31,317 
48,296 

135,479 



67,515 
38,941 
13,800 
6,429 
5,206 
3,369 
219 



218,573 



161,726 
17,304 
12,739 
18,896 
3,671 
2,169 
1,632 
436 



11.3 
9.9 
10.2 
10.3 
11.6 
18.0 
15.9 



14.8 



12.4 
15.2 
15.7 
16.5 
20.6 
23.3 
26.4 
31.6 



19.0 



14.0 
13.8 
25.8 
32.8 
32.5 
47.1 
39.4 
42.5 



11.6 



10.9 
10.6 
12.3 
14.0 
19.7 
28.3 
21.9 

11.3 
15.7 

17.5 I 



2,766 

8,725 

6,315 

3,470 

444 

130 

76 



10,365 



Active 
propri 
etors,' 
Novem- 
ber 



(Num- 
ber) 



3,444 

2,626 

2,483 

916 

363 

421 

97 

15 



7,936 



2,562 

1,239 

1,819 

1,263 

194 

733 

103 

23 



7,036 



2,835 
2,186 
955 
305 
342 
320 
93 

1,945 
2,644 

17,915 



15.5 
17.1 
13.8 
23.7 
26.3 
28.8 
32.4 



20.7 



18.2 
23.8 
27.2 
30.7 
36.1 
24.5 
24.6 
35.3 



8,235 
5,055 
1,940 

1,056 

962 

637 

30 



22,595 



13,505 

2,306 

1,734 

3,665 

741 

333 

251 

60 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 



(Hum- 
bcr) I (DollaTi) 



1,609 



245 
150 
499 
428 
145 
87 
42 
13 



7,156 



914 

2,924 

2,028 

1,066 

155 

38 

29 



Pay roll 



894 
651 
636 
225 

98 
120 

30 



1,890 



558 

276 

469 

318 

48 

187 

22 

12 



616 
507 
292 

96 
115 
123 

37 

462 
692 

6,190 



2,636 
1,853 
677 
412 
345 
244 
23 



5.785 



3,213 
504 
639 
1,038 
222 
76 
64 
29 



148,041 



24,301 

17,093 

43, 192 

39,559 

13,024 

6,435 

3,191 

1,246 



427,075 



59,698 

170,550 

120,577 

62,917 

8,597 

3,088 

1,648 



203,444 



'X),17l 
51,271 
46,780 
17,356 
7,044 
8,900 
1,685 
237 



150,279 



41,762 
20,418 
38,299 
27, 303 

3,744 
15,389 

2,597 
767 



135,325 



53,980 
40,523 
19,343 
6,789 
6,918 
5,708 
2,064 

39,698 
51,233 

363,733 



166,907 
103,117 
38,558 
20,984 
19,997 
13,109 
1,061 



459, 194 



279,009 
39,022 
44,190 
69,452 
15,432 
6,537 
4,540 
1,012 



Kind o( business 
and sales-size group 



MACHINERY, EQUimENT, 
SUPPLIES 



CcBierclal refrigeration 
equipment 



Office machines, equipment, 
total 



$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999.. . 
$1,000,000 — $1,999,999.. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100, 000— $199, 999 

$50,000--$99,999 

Under $50,000 



Store machines, 
total 



fixtures. 



$1,000,000 and over. 
$500,000— $999,999.. 
$300,000— $499,999.. 
$200,000— $299,999.. 
$100,000— $199,999. . 
$50,000— $99,999.... 
Under $50,000 



Estab- 
liih- 
ments 



(Hum- 
_bejL 



Other conmercial machines, 
equipment, total 



$1,000,000 and over, 
$500,000— $999,999. . 
$200,000— $499,999.. 
$100,000— $199,999.. 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Construction maclilnery, 

equipment, total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000--$1,999,999. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299, 999 

$100,000— $199,999 

Under $100,000 



Farm-dairy machinery, 
equipment, total 



$5,000,000 and over.... 
$2 . 000 , 000— $4 , 999 , 999 . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. 

$500,000— $999, 999 

$300,000— $499, 999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Industrial machinery, 
equipment 



Belting, hose, packing, 
total 



$5,000,000 and over. 

$2 , 000 , OOO— $4 , 999 , 999 . 
$1,000,000--$1,999,999. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Machine tools, total. 



$2,000,000 and over.... 
$1, 000,000— $1, 999,999. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000~$99,999 

Under $50,000 



1,438 



33 
82 
207 
237 
212 
273 
196 
187 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



penses 

(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per- 

of a^esl (''^^■"^ W""- 
dollars) I per) 



113 
61 
27 
28 
13 



645,778 



87,365 
103,835 
110,317 
141,327 
90,305 
52,352 
40,664 
14,225 
5,388 



62,408 



29,943 
8,977 
4,230 
7,120 
7,237 
3,326 
1,575 



20,504 



Oper 
ating 



33.4 



27.6 
31.8 
33.3 
33.5 
34.3 
37.8 
38.9 
39.9 
41.4 



25.9 



21.8 
24.7 
24.6 
30.1 
33.3 
36.9 
35.9 



25.6 



12,257 
3,450 
2,300 
1,045 
519 
933 



45,807 
16 178 



14,410 
8,821 
2,901 
1,854 
1,416 
227 



997,091 

230,633 

40,234 

20,489 

4,948 

3,305 

1,524 

586 

342 



197, 693 



67,458 

48,258 

40,888 

23,337 

9,390 

3,127 

3,510 

1,452 

273 

79,319 



18,309 
21,635 
17,765 
13,604 
4,378 
2,763 
583 
282 



25.0 
20.3 
26.3 
36.9 
33.9 
32.6 



14.5 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



Active 
propri- 
etors.* 
Novem- 
ber 



1,601 



160,347 



19,948 
24,761 
27,113 
35,154 
22,620 
14,264 
11,022 
3,990 
1,475 



11,928 



4,652 

1,751 

796 

1,573 

1,763 

965 

428 



2,512 



13.1 
18.0 
17.8 
18.7 
15.5 
20.7 



6.0 



5.4 

7.0 
10.6 
L2.8 
11.2 
11.3 
19.2 
20.3 
29.8 



12.3 



8.0 
9.2 
15.2 
20.9 
17.1 
13.5 
23.8 
27.6 
37.0 

10.9 



8.5 
11.0 
10.2 
12.3 
12.4 
15.2 
31.2 
36.2 



1,260 
386 
318 
232 

119 
197 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



r 

Em- 
ployees Pay roll 

(Hum- 



37,588 



4,201 
6,032 
6,178 
7,729 
5,235 
3,379 
2,980 
1,252 
602 



2,872 



1,119 
420 
197 
376 
426 
220 
114 



TO?' 
653 
923 

317 
175 
111 
24 



45,368 



32,393 

3,194 

2,645 

1,311 

315 

210 

177 

73 

50 



11,645 



3,243 

1,810 

2,621 

2,277 

829 

209 

426 

193 

37 

5,125 



869 

1,337 

1,175 

991 

328 

271 

95 

59 



T5f 
157 
192 
71 
50 
23 



13,828 



(DoUars) 



10,206 

2,283 

693 

352 

106 

75 

61 

30 

22 



2,903 



1,024 

405 

544 

484 

199 

53 

123 

56 

15 

1,146 



219 
227 
269 
235 
83 
69 
26 
IS 



412,836 
473, 132 
510,504 
643,188 
434,582 
272, 109 
213,473 
79,470 
36, 113 



238, 372 



106,247 
29,965 
15,474 
30,529 
31,608 
17,539 
7,510 



46,691 



23,802 
6,669 
5,598 
4,532 
2,125 
3,965 



56,821 



15,291 
11,162 
17,558 
5,475 
4,277 
2,488 
570 



858,095 



620,542 

151,860 

46,882 

23,099 

6,017 

3,927 

3,335 

1,456 

977 



215,207 



62,342 

31,397 

49, 322 

41,173 

14,491 

4,006 

8,064 

3,634 

778 

109,328 



18,350 
29,705 
25, 243 
20, 737 
6,497 
4,999 
2,647 
1,150 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2.14 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2A.— SALES SIZE-SERVICE WHOLESALERS AND MANUFACTURERS' SALES BRANCHES 
—UNITED STATES, BY KIND OF BUSINESS; 1948— Continued 
MANUFACTURERS- SALES BRANCHES 

ESTADLISHMENTS, SaLES, OPERATING EXPENSE RaTIOS, Pay RolL, AND PERSONNEL 



Kind of business 
and sales-size group 



mCHINERY, EQUIPMENT, 
SUPPLIES— Continued 

Mine, mill supplies, total. 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2, 000,000-4*, 999,999. . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000--$49'),999. 

$200,000-'$299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Oil well, oil refining 
supplies, total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100, 000- -$199, 999 

$50,000— $99, 999 

Under $50,000 

Printing machinery, supplies 
(exc. paper), total. 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— 1,999,999.. . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Rope, cordage 

Miscellaneous industrial 
machinery, supplies, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999... 
$1 , 000 , 000— $1 , 999 , 999 . . . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Professional equipment, 
supplies, total 

$1,000,000 and over 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Laundry, dry cleaning 
equipment, supplies 

Shoe findings, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2,000,000— $4,999,999... 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999... 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

Under $100,000 

Undertakers' supplies. 

Upholsterers ' supplies 



Miscellaneous service 
equipment, supplies, 

$1,000,000 and over 
$500,000— $999,999 
$300,000— $499,999, 
$200,000— $299,999 
$100,000— $199,999, 
$50,000— $99,999.. 
Under $50,000 



Estab- 

Ush- 

nients 



Wum- 



41 
86 

77 
121 
111 

78 
172 
114 

84 



22 
54 
57 

70 
145 
143 
104 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



201,943 



85,140 
58,948 
24,143 
15,736 
8,789 
4,883 
3,585 
607 
110 



191,314 



100,564 

33,025 

28,482 

11,639 

8,023 

7,261 

1,634 

686 



78,439 



35,546 

13,869 

15,698 

6,293 

2,583 

2,798 

1,356 

296 

32,505 



880,647 



329,080 

262,196 

110,772 

81,140 

43,052 

18,998 

24,801 

8,558 

2,050 



147,522 



37,633 
36,463 
22,150 
16,983 
20,678 
10,482 
3,133 



150,320 



84,809 

45,382 

10,059 

5,471 

2,685 

1,168 

516 

230 

22,911 
5,951 



32,360 



11,101 
7,945 
6,511 
2,918 
1,899 
1,103 
883 



7.8 



6.1 
7.1 
9.2 
11.8 
11.8 
13.2 
14.7 
14.5 
25.4 



3.7 
12.8 
13.2 
15.3 
16.8 
19.2 
27.0 
35.7 



13.7 



9.7 
15.8 
13.6 
16.0 
25.9 
26.0 
34.5 
37.2 

7.1 



13.7 



13.3 
10.6 
12.9 
15.0 
20.4 
22.0 
23.5 
27.1 
52.5 



25.5 



27.1 
21.0 
20.2 
22.0 
28.6 
39.5 
46.3 



4.2 



3.0 
3.8 
6.4 
7.6 
18.6 
27.1 
26.9 
26.5 

21.2 
28.3 



25.9 



15.4 
30.0 
28.9 
38.9 
33.2 
34.6 
29.0 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



9,176 



3,323 

2,352 

1,260 

994 

534 

340 

300 

48 

25 



8,633 



2,029 
1,893 
1,985 
922 
723 
706 
232 
143 



6,678 



2,119 
1,426 
1,368 
563 
424 
395 
305 
78 

1,111 



69,996 



23,791 
16,724 
8,501 
7,294 
5,583 
2,529 
3,361 
1,400 
813 



23,954 



6,678 
5,160 
2,808 
2,185 
3,578 
2,634 
911 



5,185 
3,826 



1,373 

1,196 

385 

292 

299 

189 

60 

32 

2,556 
614 



5,147 



1,175 
1,480 
1,086 
618 
380 
239 
167 



Active 
propri- 
eties.* 
Novem- 



(Kum- 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 



(Mum- 



1,907 



667 
434 
252 
199 
144 



2,076 



500 
380 
452 
232 
199 
194 
71 
48 



1,484 



443 
305 
292 

110 
101 
110 
75 
48 



16,720 



6,439 

4,611 

2,309 

1,867 

1,361 

552 

696 

411 

274 



8,094 



2,129 

1,484 

844 

779 

1,378 

1,095 

385 



235 
233 
57 
45 
83 
56 
14 
13 

784 
185 



1,598 



322 

440 
346 
223 
131 
69 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



154,851 



53,216 
37,308 
20,160 
19,057 
9,830 
7,150 
6,747 
680 
503 



161,552 



Kind of business 
and sales-size group 



42,986 
31,568 
35,652 
15,345 
14,717 
13,702 
4,738 
2,844 



129,343 



41,013 
26,858 
27,785 
10,280 
7,077 
7,770 
5,758 
2,602 

20,622 



453,141 

314,107 

163,377 

138,231 

107,176 

46,703 

65,335 

28,029 

16,349 



449,654 



121,739 
93,631 
52,982 
41,384 
70,784 
51,830 
17,104 



71,661 



23,087 

a, 122 

6,730 

5,076 

7,859 

4,062 

, 1,096 

629 

45,705 
10,879 



101,849 



23,956 
29,233 
21,307 
12,248 
7,264 
4,496 
3,345 



l-lACHIKE.y, EQUIPMQrr, 
SJPI LIES — Continued 

Aircraft, aeronautical 

equipment , supplies 

Railroad equipment, supplies 
Marine equipment, supplies. 



METALS, METALWORK 
(Exc. Scrap) 

Iron, steel and products, 
total 

$5,000,000 and over.,. 
$2 , 000 , 000— $4 , 999 , 999 , 
$1 , 000 , 000— $1 , 999 , 999 
$500,000— $999,999. .. . 
$300 , 000— $499 , 999 . . . . 
$200,000— $299,999. . . . 
$100,000— $199,999. . . . 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Nonferrous metals, metal 
work 

$5,000,000 and over... 
$2,000,000— $4,999,999 
$1 , 000 , 000— $1 , 999 , 999 
$500,000— $999,999. . . . 
$300,000— $499,999. .. . 
$200,000— $299,999. .. . 
$100,000— $199,999. .. . 
Under $100,000 



OTHm MANUFACTURERS' 
SALES BRANCHES 

Amusements, sporting goods 
total, 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1,000,000— $1,999,999.. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 

Books, periodicals, news- 
papers. 

Coal, coke 

Feed, total 

$1,000,000 and over 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

Under $100,000 

Fertilizers, agricultural 
chemicals, total 

$2,000,000 and over 

$1 , 000 , 000— $1 , 999 , 999. . 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000--$99,999 

Under $50,000 

Jewelry. 

Petroleujn and products.,.. 

Manufacturers ' sales 
branches, n.e.c. total... 

$5,000,000 and over 

$2 , 000 , 000— $4 , 999 , 999 . . 
$1,000,000— $1,999,999.. 

$500,000— $999,999 

$300,000— $499,999 

$200,000— $299,999 

$100,000— $199,999 

$50,000— $99,999 

Under $50,000 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(>{uTn- 
_bejL 



166 
63 
137 
149 
75 
41 
43 
21 
15 



Sales, 
entire 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



3,199 
77 ,738 
12,940 



813,009 



388,816 

204,257 

130,014 

60,520 

15,946 

7,593 

4,655 

971 

235 



352,367 



237,592 

72,817 

24,307 

11,151 

3,884 

1,276 

695 

645 



283,129 



183,229 

49,885 

35,703 

7,375 

2,836 

3,634 

332 

135 



74,643 
88,171 



105,301 



69,829 
20,087 
9,211 
3,366 
2,451 
357 



99,162 



48,929 

31,183 

12,533 

3,804 

740 

1,558 

334 

81 

51,110 
24,180 



3,503,217 



2,895,786 

263,754 

189,168 

106,110 

29,969 

10,295 

6,233 

1,523 

379 



17.5 
15.0 
25.6 



9.6 



8.3 
6.7 
11.6 
14.3 
18.0 
22.6 
21.7 
35.2 
39.6 



5.5 



2.9 
10.6 

8.6 
14.0 
14.8 
11.2 
19.3 
22.9 



13.0 



7.2 
23.2 
22.7 
27.6 
27.8 
26.4 
26.5 
37.0 



34.6 
3.5 



6.3 
8.3 
7.1 
9.0 
11.6 
11.2 



10.2 



6.5 
11.1 
15.6 
20.6 
30.9 
24.4 
36.9 
33.3 

20.4 
11.6 



7.0 
11.4 
14.6 
17.5 
19.2 
19.2 
22.2 
32.6 
24.3 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



269 
5,742 
2,152 



41,735 



18,708 

6,569 

7,547 

4,191 

1,336 

692 

510 

135 

47 



8,765 



4,036 

2,866 

879 

485 

252 

82 

80 

83 



20,154 



7,113 

6,686 

4,460 

925 

392 

498 

53 

27 



9,790 
1,708 



3,978 



2,372 
836 
372 
169 
156 
23 



4,521 



1,339 

1,605 

906 

337 

81 

175 

59 

17 

5,693 
1,619 



103,630 



47,739 

18,957 

13,433 

12,309 

3,665 

1,272 

883 

332 

40 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Num 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
ber) 



81 

1,431 

576 



10,829 



4,813 

2,269 

1,924 

1,030 

357 

193 

157 

69 

17 



2,404 



,127 
793 
216 
126 
78 
18 
23 
23 



6,500 



2,153 

2,176 

1,508 

312 

126 

161 

47 

17 



3,732 

401 



1,310 



687 
338 
150 
65 
58 
12 



1,170 



340 

424 

211 

96 

21 

47 

24 

7 

1,250 
404 



28,540 



12,876 

5,203 

4,973 

3,534 

1,145 

417 

265 

110 

17 



Pay roll 
(DolUri) 



5,515 
114,819 
43,798 



801,673 



354,221 

165,562 

143,230 

81,734 

26,178 

15,039 

10,285 

4,532 

892 



175,410 



82,357 
55,794 
17,052 
9,341 
5,630 
1,597 
1,836 
1,803 



415,931 



145,757 

136,732 

94,789 

18,434 

7,774 

9,914 

1,933 

598 



183,605 
32,729 



75,062 



44,990 
16,288 
7,355 
3,127 
2,790 
512 



77,868 



25,224 
25,804 
14,616 
6,079 
1,338 
3,331 
1,U9 
327 

112,643 
30,133 



2,065,731 



958, 104 

369,605 

360,083 

245,776 

78,759 

29,334 

17,525 

5,920 

625 



» Proprietors of unincorporated businesses, 
n.e.c. Not elsewhere classified. 

^ Includes 34 retailer cooperative warehouses. 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.15 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of business, 

sales'Sue group, 

geographic division, and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
lish' 
ments 



(>(um- 
ber) 



GROCERIES , 
CONFECTIONERY, MEATS 

Groceries (general 
line), not sponsoring 
cooperative or volun- 
tary groups , total . . . I 2.996 



$5,000,000 and Over 
United States, total.... 



Middle Atlantic 

East North Central . 
West North Central. 

South Atlantic 

East South Central. 
West South Central. 

Pacific 

Other divisions.... 



K metro, areas. 



$1,000,000— $<1, 999, 999 
United States, total.. 



New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central. 
West North Central. 

South Atlantic 

East South Central . 
West South Central. 

Mountain 

Pacific 



14 metro, areas, total.. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Franc isco-0aj(land, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.. 

Buffalo, N. y 



$500,000— $999,999 
United States, total... 



New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central. 
West North Central. 

South Atlantic 

East South Central . 
West South Central. 

Mountain 

Pacific 



K metro, areas, total.. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Franicsco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro . areas 



$200,000— $i99, 999 
United States, total. 



New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central. 
West North Central. 

South Atlantic 

East South Central. 
West South Central. 

Mountain 

Pacific 



Oper 

ating 

ex' 

penses 
(inc. 
pay 

roll) as 

pa- 
cent 
(ThouMnd lof salts 
dolldrl) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



98 
97 
229 

171 

217 

52 

52 



28 
105 
105 
103 
224 
144 
214 



40 
127 



209 
89 
97 
24 
35 



542,060 



82,866 
82,152 
79,169 
56,629 
40,490 
51,223 
98,677 
50,854 

247,971 



1,867,480 



51,794 
158,013 
198,771 
173,122 
380,595 
3U,480 
384,115 

94,056 
113,534 

244,627 



65,229 
15,546 
22,560 
18,628 
19,064 
20,635 

13,251 
20,785 
9,671 
6,348 
10,221 
8,657 
9,140 
4,892 



722,784 



20,799 
72,607 
72,352 
76,985 
161,515 
103.883 
155,567 
35,323 
23,253 

87,729 



21,669 
6,642 
3,867 
7,176 
5,428 
5,912 

5,648 
14,191 
5,894 
2,526 
2,640 
2,762 
3,374 



262.904 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dolltiTs) 



41,177 



8,488 
9,402 
4,821 
3,452 

1,561 
1,963 
6,964 
4,526 



23,788 6,117 



Active 
propri- 
etors," 
Novem- 
ber 



(Nutn- 
ber) 



91,959 



3,228 
10,112 

10,661 
9,495 
17,541 
13,169 

17,370 
4,387 
6,000 

16,135 



4,260 
687 

1,756 

1,260 
919 

1,574 

582 
1,542 
609 
654 
666 
559 
694 
373 



32,611 



1,097 
3,550 
3,893 
4,034 
6,613 
4,178 
6,479 
1.506 
1,261 

4,632 



13,749 
43,358 
29,854 
15,591 
73,022 
32,033 
35,421 
8,631 
11,245 



1,162 
339 
243 

334 
312 

286 

293 
645 
426 
135 
173 
91 
193 



12.036 



773 
1,978 
1,667 

820 
3,112 
1,248 
1,472 

393 

573 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

[Hum- 
1") 



11,138 



69 
35 
26 

87 
116 
99 
19 
29 



9 

109 

71 

28 

165 

100 

139 

20 

29 



15 
129 
65 
22 
170 



1,962 
2,487 
1,477 
1,070 
655 
665 
1,816 
1,006 

6,117 



31,191 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



791,817 



1,004 
2,798 
3,185 
3,155 
6,213 
5,200 
6,498 
1,491 
1,647 

4,447 



1,118 
208 
420 
359 
249 
435 

145 
402 
186 
190 
217 
167 
232 
119 



12,618 



372 
1,220 
1,380 
1,545 
2,662 
1,851 
2,652 
570 
366 

1,496 



373 
113 

65 
113 

95 
100 



184 
144 
46 



5,078 



298 
712 
633 
381 
1,436 
622 
654 
162 
180 



161,071 
173,577 
85,244 
65,518 
32,532 
38,427 
139,741 
95,707 

453,485 



1,708,280 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



56,543 

191,794 
195,571 
176,989 
319,940 
240,203 
321,409 
79,727 
126,104 

317,547 



83,274 
13,683 
35,499 
22,267 
13,545 
27,612 

12,719 
31,664 
12,473 
12,053 
16,358 
10,848 
13,901 
6,451 



623,000 



19,659 
66,920 
70,801 
81,211 

123,573 
31,629 

125,342 
30,035 
22,928 

90,477 



21,444 
5,878 
4,032 
7,182 
6,281 
5,566 

5,887 
11,325 
10,645 
2,333 
4,203 
1,931 
3,670 



235,778 



14,766 
36.45? 
33,422 
17,036 
60,378 
25,735 
28,523 
8,176 
11,284 



GROCERIES— Continued 

Groceries (gen. line), 
not sponsoring — Con. 

$200 , 000— $499, 999— Con . 

14 metro areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Ho 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore , Md 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Other divisions 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



mum- 



14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Boston, Mass 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Baltimore, Md 

Other metro, areas 



Groceries (general 
line), /oluntary 
I'roup wholesalers, 
total 



$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 



14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Baltimore , Md 

Minneapolls-St. Paul, Minn 

Biiffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollaTs) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



17,4.59 
5,047 
3,052 
5,293 
3,322 
3,951 

3,157 
4,290 
1,942 
1,528 
1,472 
1,970 
707 



20,543 



1,106 
4,944 
3,111 
1,412 
5,301 
1,894 
1,623 
652 



5,694 12.1 



1,939 
860 
473 
485 
486 
325 

1,126 



1,633,954 



678,728 



120,140 
173,028 
112,367 
40,487 
81,604 
101,756 
49,346 

286,508 



842.672 



88,769 

184,046 

176,389 

148,914 

80,408 

14,215 

66,212 

23,594 

60,125 

160,777 



27, 571 
20,382 
16,282 
13,274 

16,516 
11,340 
17,224 
3,146 
12,240 
17,302 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dolUiTi) 



2,810 



852 
343 
207 

276 
131 
275 

94 
170 
110 
105 

88 
130 

24 



1,123 



261 

142 
97 

308 
82 
59 

113 



120 
42 
45 
24 
20 
16 
45 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Hum- 
her) 



36,383 



8,600 
10,509 
5,050 
1,528 
3,709 
4,167 
2,825 

17,060 



42,661 



4,620 
9,202 
9,735 
7,704 
3,655 
696 
3,091 
1,311 
2,847 

8,728 



1,266 

1,219 

886 

747 

1,134 
592 
967 
499 

605 
813 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
M 



267 
110 
59 
104 
50 
92 

27 
56 
39 
51 
27 
53 



38 

109 



146 
52 
28 
54 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



15,165 
6,893 
4,049 
5,597 
2,533 
5,104 

1,534 
3,295 
2,036 
2,035 
1,454 
2,711 
586 



22,663 



1,323 
4,523 
3,090 
2,625 
5,961 
1,747 
1,175 
2,419 

6,034 



54 


2,138 


23 


981 


18 


827 


19 


580 


7 


337 


6 


248 


26 


923 



26,941 



10,657 



2 


176 


165,581 


2 


956 


189,072 


1 


672 


108,440 




526 


29,062 


1 


297 


76,700 


1 


170 


79,700 




860 


:i,230 


4 


553 


336,219 



13,979 



1,433 

2,940 

2,923 

2,738 

1,318 

240 

1,154 

383 

800 

2,562 



360 
287 
267 
231 

237 
173 
326 
171 
204 
236 



792,371 



85,325 

167,966 

182,767 

133,471 

63,901 

13,916 

57,880 

24,244 

52,899 

162,133 



24,987 
20,838 
17,215 
13,479 

19,496 
11,095 
18,777 
8.892 
12,507 
14,352 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2.16 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS—GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS; 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Peksonnbl 



Kind of business, 

sales size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



Esab- 

Ush- 

mentfl 



(Num- 
ber) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Opcr 
ating 
ex- 
penses 

(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per- 

cent 
of sale- 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dallaTs) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Mum- 
her) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workvfeek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
bcr) 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



Kind of business 

sales-sue group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 
her) 



Sales. 

entire 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(Num- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Num- 
ber) 



Payroll 



(DoIUtj) 



GROCERIES — Continued 

Groceries{gen. line), 
voluntary group-Ccn. 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Other divisions 

li metro . areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

l** metro . areas 

Under $200,000 
United States 

Confectionery, total.. 1,942 
$1,000,000 an'" Over 



United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro . areas 

$500,000— $999,999 



United States, total.. 

New England 6 

Middle Atlantic 22 

East North Central 20 

West North Central 12 

South Atlanti c 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New YorJc-Northeestem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

Baltimore , Md 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 



United States, total.... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total.. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 42 

Chicago, 111 13 

Los Angeles, Calif 5 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oaltland, Calif 

See footnotes at end of table . 



97,839 



5,184 



1,957 



16,4i9 
17,634 
19,810 
12,663 
17,493 
4,369 
-■.jOOl 
4,920 

13,582 



14,158 



882 
971 
1,058 
669 
880 
364 
172 
188 

781 



328 
358 
363 
252 
376 
156 
56 
61 



3,115 
2,692 
3,018 
1,477 
2,355 
1,501 

1,979 



557 
364,669 



51.9 
11.8 



196 
156 
160 

63 
135 

56 



214 
23,623 



1,876 



52 
9,258 



65,602 



11,054 
28,442 
9,919 
9,003 
7,184 

39,992 



66,974 



4,432 



1,096 

1,188 

645 

949 

553 

2,500 



265 
334 
183 
247 
171 



4,314 

14,885 
13,500 
8,723 
7,970 
3,755 
7,222 
2,517 
4,088 

26,811 



494 
938 
839 
474 
571 
277 
359 
107 
249 

2,061 



176 
338 
304 
162 
219 
93 
117 
36 
97 



8,429 
3,986 
1,732 
2,870 
1,683 
3,061 



121,914 



616 
176 
137 
310 
204 
563 



6,286 



235 
63 
61 

114 
67 

181 



7,419 
30,336 
23,034 
3,676 
23,565 
9,165 
8,970 
3,268 
7,481 

40,064 



427 

2,333 

1,572 

393 

1,727 

562 

519 

215 

538 

2,736 



163 
370 
532 
169 
661 
254 
226 
82 
179 



12,752 
4,181 
1,303 
3,641 
1,248 
2,556 
2,126 



284 

54 
331 

47 
111 
196 



389 
1&5 
28 
136 
13 
37 
66 



96,961 



16,173 
17,965 
20,064 
12,621 
16,741 
6,300 
3,551 
3,546 

15,290 



80 


3,767 


58 


2,964 


51 


3,125 


24 


1,347 


60 


2,3^2 


23 


1,242 



3,499 
475,908 



67,793 



18,991 
22,069 
13,648 
20,120 
12,965 

46,652 



85,595 



8,707 
18,983 
13,188 
9,011 
10,939 
5,586 
7,160 
2,301 
4,720 

39,475 



11,457 
3,942 
4,207 
5,364 
3,729 

10,776 



164,533 



3,266 
46,873 
30,271 

7,795 
34,687 
11,486 
10,524 

4,231 
10,455 

56,294 



22,376 
6,236 
1,611 
6,675 
824 
2,148 
3,395 



GROCERIES — Continued 

Confectionery — Con. 

$200,000— $499,999— Con. 

14 metro, areas — Con. 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Washington, D. C 

Baltimore , Md 

Hinneapolis-St. Paul, Minn 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md. 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 
Buffalo, N. Y 

Fish, sea foods 

(fresh), total 



$1,000,000 and Over 
United States, total... 

New England 

Mlddl e Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Other metro . areas 

$500,000— $999,999 
United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Hortheastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pu 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston , Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Baltimore , Md 

Other metro, areas 



97 
416 
258 
84 
238 
112 
93 
35 
79 



20 
48 
14 
3 
20 



3,881 
1,252 
3,342 
1,211 
1,219' 
1,352 



110,179 



191 
45 

201 
43 
69 



6,547 



79 
21 
107 
16 
27 
26 



3,330 



6,723 
30,432 
19,380 
6,591 
20,816 
9,919 
3,204 
3,191 
4,923 

30,383 



496 

1,372 

1,208 

407 

1,225 

465 

371 

207 

296 

1,981 



64 
414 
253 

35 
240 
112 
104 

31 



261 
899 
592 
241 
639 
242 
221 
85 
150 



173 


12, 574 


56 


4,036 


21 


1,196 


35 


2,892 


14 


952 


26 


1,626 


17 


1,131 


21 


1,483 


14 


1,283 


3 


362 


6 


446 


13 


1,206 


5 


289 


16 


907 


198 


383,123 



838 
297 

46 
139 

67 
127 

98 
98 
98 
19 
22 
49 
11 
72 



363 
170 
31 
72 
35 
67 

52 
49 
32 
11 

9 
39 

5 
33 



145,558 



10,339 



3,136 



32,870 
53,107 
23,455 
17,075 
14,440 
4,611 

107,890 



3,587 
2,833 
1,654 
1,217 
1,165 
383 

8,123 



46,956 

15,508 

7,947 

20,250 

6,921 

10,308 



9,375 



2,557 

1,218 

436 

2,379 

524 
509 



6,637 



12,925 
33,068 

9,323 

1,622 
13,199 

2,929 
14,052 

2,257 

61,867 



1,062 
2,325 
789 
173 
827 
186 
1,166 
109 

4,646 



26,070 
3,575 
3,570 
4,886 
1,861 

10,100 

3,062 
5,198 
3,545 



1,997 
301 
228 
193 
92 
879 

367 
275 
309 



1,026 
703 
515 
419 
323 
150 

2,203 



594 
393 
122 
793 

115 
186 



321 
677 
314 

32 
283 

82 
350 

40 



546 
154 
61 
76 
27 
258 

146 
65 
78 



3,954 
873 

4,693 
735 

1,379 

1,345 



137,932 



10,171 
36,214 
26,367 
9,259 
26,605 
9,969 
7,988 
4,012 
7,347 

41,984 



15,497 
7,637 
1,359 
2,817 
1,250 
2,540 

2,893 

2,229 

2,039 

568 

450 

1,177 

262 

1,266 



202,100 



60,761 
52,368 
34,071 
24,736 
22,109 
8,055 

149,352 



46,404 

24,765 

9,306 

48,411 

9,542 
10,924 



135,437 



18,759 
47,449 
17,884 

4,475 
16,655 

4,777 
23,545 

1,893 

94,364 



40,970 
7,654 
4,160 
4,205 
1,686 

16,158 

7,930 
5,467 
6,134 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2. 17 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusincfls, 

sales'Size group, 

geographic divuion,and 

metropobcan area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(>Ium- 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
■ doUari) 



Oper- 
ating 

ex- 
pen sea 

(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

pei' 

cent 
of salef 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
doIUra) 



Active 
propri- 
etors.* 
Novcm' 
ber 



(Num- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em' 
ployecs 

{Num- 



Pay roll 



(Ppjlars) 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

mcuopolitan area 



Estab- 
Ush- 
ments 



(>^um. 
±11- 



Sales. 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dotlors) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(>(uTn- 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Alum- 
ber) 



Pay roll 
(Dollars) 



GROCERIES — Continued 
Fish, sea foods — Con 

$200, 000— $499,999 

United States, total.. 

Hew England 50 

Middle Atlantic 99 

East North Central 38 

South Atlantic 50 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 30 

Other divisions 10 

14 metro, areas, total 
New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif 

Washington, D. .C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro . areas 

Under $200,000 



United States, total.. 

New England 10« 

Middle Atlantic 183 

East North Central 85 

West North Central 24 

South Atlantic 117 

East South Central 24 

West South Central 74 

Mountain 

Pacific 60 

14 metro, areas, total.. _ 254 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 117 

ChicBgo, 111 17 

Los Angeles, Calif 12 

Philadelphia, Pa 13 

Detroit, Mich 11 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif 18 

St. Louis, Mo 3 

Washington, D. C 3 

Baltimore, Md ir 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.. 6 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro . areas 

Meats, meat products, 
total 



$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 20 

East North Central 6 

Other divisions 10 

14 metro . areas 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total. 

New England 59 

Middle Atlantic 194 

East North Central 

West North Central 20 

South Central 32 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 145 

Chicago, 111 39 

Los Angeles, Calif 17 

See footnotes at end of table. 



%,416 



7,480 



147,445 



GROCERIES — Continued 

Meats, meat products- 
Continued 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999— Con 

14 metro, areas — Con. 



15,782 
31,992 
11,983 
15,963 
2,242 
6,727 
9,111 
2,616 

51,953 



1,386 

2,489 

1,015 

1,046 

157 

398 

820 

169 

4,017 



556 

870 
404 
539 
110 
208 
257 



27,475 

49,060 

19,421 

21,675 

2,579 

7,848 

15,376 

3,811 

79,722 



66 


20,786 




12 


3,976 




6 


1,780 




12 


4,157 




6 


1,616 




24 


7,548 




10 


3,203 




3 


982 




5 


1,811 




9 


3,304 




5 


1,733 




4 


1,057 





56,774 



1,597 
282 
U2 
344 
105 
659 

233 

81 

231 

167 



4,586 



482 
77 
42 

131 
37 

208 

88 
32 
98 
81 

41 
39 



2,663 



32,082 
4,650 
2,784 
6,865 
2,216 

12,744 

4,790 
1,642 
4,267 
3,789 
1,914 
1,979 



7,461 

15,460 

6,783 

2,156 

11,002 

1,745 

5,714 

725 

5,728 

22,812 



603 
1,113 
604 
174 
1,076 
130 
386 
42 
458 

1,714 



100 

204 

81 

25 

120 

23 

78 

8 

71 

259 



331 


12,039 


499 


23,423 


269 


12,220 


100 


3,801 


737 


24,477 


154 


3,580 


379 


9,614 


18 


805 


176 


9,094 



10, 533 
1,577 
1,199 
887 
973 
2,505 

1,304 
475 
525 

1,883 
404 
283 
259 



700 
186 
80 
83 
107 
216 



50 

27 

117 

14 



116 
21 
11 
13 
12 
22 

29 
5 



264 
68 
36 
67 
42 
80 



14,076 
3,329 
1,529 
1,977 
2,047 
3,814 

2,062 
996 
684 

3,078 
380 
735 
220 



257 ,810 



145,643 
44,479 
67,688 



848,518 



121,761 

368,117 

150,053 

29,391 

64,479 

4,833 

23,616 

7,234 

79,034 

617,288 



2,530 
2,004 
2,513 



35,329 



513 
524 
633 



9,234 



44,476 
47,839 
42,522 



667,168 



4,505 
13,157 
7,110 
1,380 
3,114 

245 
1,199 

310 
3,809 

24,224 



24 
141 
62 
19 
15 
3 
10 



1,236 

3,286 

1,709 

622 

893 

•76 

406 

83 

923 

5,870 



82,172 

252,651 

132,125 

40,853 I 

56,032 

4,326 

21,696 

5,746 

71,567 

458,770 



286,572 
71,750 
27,458 



9,522 

3,032 
1,447 



104 

31 



2,206 
683 
359 



182,538 
56,999 
27, 977 i 



Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

cm if 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 
Other metro, areas 



$500,000— $999,999 
United States, total. 



New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central. 
West North Central, 

South Atlantic 

East South Central. 
West South Central. 

Mountain 

Pacific 



76 
196 

107 



14 metro, areas, total 



Ne./ York-Northeastem New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D.C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Mi 

Other metro, areas 



124 
40 
24 
15 
25 
35 



$200 , 000— $499 , 999 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain .* 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul,Hilffi. 

Buffalo, N. Y 



Under $200,000 

United States, total 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific i. . . . 



98 

317 

256 

65 

62 

25 

57 

25 

120 



200 
93 
53 
43 
34 
39 



1,268 



99 
417 
246 
103 

35 

45 
102 

43 
128 



42,863 
37,431 
61,409 

29,379 
6,791 

22,355 
6,614 

10,614 
7,254 
6,748 



393,603 



1,996 

1,714 
2,444 

1,134 
578 
899 
453 
342 
255 
358 



18,308 



563 

430 
614 

247 
159 
218 
93 
90 
82 
121 



5,689 



54.349 
142,413 
75',235 
10,465 
24,602 
5,911 
13,338 
12,381 
49,864 

222.628 



2.203 

7,955 

3,706 

536 

1,175 

329 

861 

830 

2,7U 

10,200 



48 

173 

87 

14 

28 

4 

24 

5 

101 



705 
1,774 
1,080 
166 
424 
U5 
330 
275 
300 

2,879 



90,294 
28,055 
16,457 

9,807 
17,806 
24,461 

12,721 
4,750 
3,697 
5,212 

3,106 
2,739 
3,523 



331,003 



3,547 
1,293 
930 
506 
733 
981 

715 
300 
237 
295 
206 
181 
221 



14,498 



102 
38 
37 
21 
27 
30 



1,114 



980 
369 
266 

151 
139 
327 

193 
72 

77 
74 
47 
58 



5,184 



33,673 
100,614 
81,045 
20,514 
20,441 

3,071 
17,187 

3,357 
41,101 

178,039 



1,366 

3,878 

3,784 

1,106 

821 

397 

727 

412 

2,007 

7,347 



81 
317 
272 
69 
83 
31 
71 
32 
158 



474 
1,325 
1,307 
400 
401 
174 
319 
156 
628 

2,324 



63,801 
30,397 
18,057 
13,422 
10, 282 
13,639 

4,969 
3,768 
4,070 
1,861 
5,838 
2,704 
2,308 
2,923 



132,391 



2,346 

1,077 
804 
521 
400 
631 

285 
215 
243 

51 
329 

84 
148 
213 



5,415 



181 
98 

78 
60 
46 
25 

22 
11 
13 

8 
14 
15 

3 



9,817 
45,405 
26,317 
10,079 

8,187 

4,902 
10,122 

4,263 
13,799 



359 
1,631 
1,053 
370 
427 
210 
444 
216 
705 



94 
450 
285 
106 

84 

55 
117 

55 
148 



712 
346 
237 
201 
126 
193 



171 
736 
509 
209 
255 
154 
275 
111 
268 



39,980 
32,938 
45,042 

18,680 
11,253 
17, 188 
7,998 
5,665 
5,720 
6,792 



363,582 



42,233 
114,441 
73,513 
10,671 
23,223 
7,073 
17,764 
17,936 
56,728 

201,941 



68,926 
26,490 
19,318 
8,583 
14,455 
20,261 

14,816 
6,099 
5,697 
5,841 
3,721 
3,669 
4,065 



289,526 



26,946 
76,203 
74,557 
21,989 
17,691 

3,071 
14,998 

9,084 
39,987 

144,066 



45,778 
21,180 
15,024 
10,212 
8,373 
12,781 

6,221 
4,156 
5,023 
1,198 
5,693 
1,811 
2,643 
3,973 



121,288 



7,307 

33,566 

23,553 

9,215 

9,781 

5,066 

11.283 

5,536 

15,976 



2.18 



WHOLESALE TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.-^ SALES SIZE-SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments. Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusiness, 

sales- SI K group, 

geogmphic division.and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



ber) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollaTs) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 



Active 
propri- 
etors. • 
Novem- 
ber 



(>ium- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
bcr) 



Pay roll 



(Dollar) 



Kind of business, 

sales-siie group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
Ush- 
ments 



(Hum- 
_b^ 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(TTioiwand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per. 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(TTiousdTid 
doUdrs) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem' 
bcr 

(Hum- 



F^d employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
bcr) 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



GROCER lES —C ont Inued 
Meats, meat products- 
Continued 

Under $200,000— Continued 
li metro, areas, total 

New York -Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston , Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif , 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo , 

Washington, D. C , 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md , 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn, 

Buffalo, N. Y , 



Canned foods, total.. 
$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions 



W metro, areas, total. 

New York-Mortheastem New 
Jersey 

San Francisco-OaJdand, 
Calif 

Other metro, areas 



$500,000— $999,999 



United States, total. 



New England 

Middle Atlantic... 
East North Central. 
West North Central. 

South Atlantic 

East South Central. 

Pacific 

Other divisions.,,. 



233 

79 
58 
49 
23 



14 metro, areas, total. 

New York -Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Other metro, areas 



$200,000— $499,999 
United States, total. 



New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central. 
West North Central. 

South Atlantic 

East South Central. 
West South Central, 

Mountain 

Pacific 



14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Baltimore, Md 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 



5 


3,119 


36 


25,810 


17 


12,322 


7 


5,18i 


20 


12,840 


6 


3,762 


11 


7,005 


6 


3,677 



6A,»18 



25,945 
8,570 
5,933 
5,812 
2,763 
3,740 

748 
1,744 
3,162 

74? 
1,438 
1,300 
1,024 
2,022 



155,179 



50,351 
55,069 
12,556 
24,780 
12,423 

121,259 



20,775 
54,327 



18,316 
2,468 
2,754 
3,948 
3,494 
1,955 



77,207 



4,432 
28,497 
10,663 

1,522 
12,383 

2,951 

3,383 
933 

7,443 

40,999 



21,345 

3,640 
4,132 
2,133 
2,150 
1,531 

1,332 

1.801 

984 

1,901 



905 
313 
275 
231 

75 
146 

28 
96 
81 
24 
70 
85 
33 
84 



240 
S9 
68 
55 
31 
36 

12 
22 
32 

8 

9 
12 



6,072 



2,594 

1,503 

676 

975 

319 

4,437 



863 
1,367 



400 
,351 
638 
359 
538 
179 
208 
138 



884 
187 
87 
249 
134 
219 

36 
264 



4,098 



292 

1,575 

708 

60 
659 
127 
143 

34 
495 

2,448 



356 

120 

95 

123 



717 
408 
220 

303 
111 



276 
345 



1,148 
282 
288 
123 
84 
125 

100 
111 
35 
152 



7 

100 

37 

3 
21 

5 
11 

5 
28 



148 
431 
226 
143 
232 
69 
64 
47 



233 
63 
27 
84 



1,518 



109 

540 

233 

28 

274 

52 

83 

15 

179 



378 
90 
98 
45 
28 
47 



19,119 
6,178 
5,814 
4,911 
2,414 
3,073 

641 
1,773 
2,212 

414 
1,984 
1,676 
1,326 
1,568 



122,534 



53,139 
28,838 
13,307 
20,954 
6,296 

91^820 



13,722 
27,393 



75.942 



7,452 

26,716 

12,869 

7,181 

11,?26 

3,470 

4,023 

2,400 

42,020 



17,948 
4,291 
1,560 
4,974 
2,537 
3,642 

667 
6,401 



81,796 



5,360 
'31,357 
14,225 

1,289 
13,833 

2,501 

2,794 
335 

9,547 

47,921 



23,797 
5,038 
5.234 
2,251 
1,761 
2,352 

2,123 

1,727 

556 

3,082 



See footnotes at end of table. 



GROCERIES —Continued 
Canned foods — Con, 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlant i c 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit , Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore , Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn 

Buffalo, N, Y 

Other metro, areas 

Coffee, tea, spices, 
total 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total,., 

Middle Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Boston, Mass 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total,,. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

west South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Boston, Mass 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Other metro, areas, 



54 
217 
112 
29 
63 
21 
39 
10 
78 



154 
31 
31 



55,574 



3,475 



4,383 
19,596 
8,716 
2,015 
6,958 
1,723 
3,986 
792 
6,905 

29,969 



297 
1,130 
622 
154 
463 

83 
208 

39 
479 

1,825 



37 
210 
94 
28 
65 
22 
53 
11 



Ul 
443 
320 

86 
223 

47 
115 

13 
193 



14,153 
2,713 
2,724 
1,655 
1,326 
1,590 

1,957 
573 
532 

1,031 
516 
633 
556 



334 
154 
147 
77 
93 
106 



136 
20 
36 
19 
U 
10 



308 
66 



222,392 
66,690 
79,165 



133,463 



10,325 
71,858 
11,827 
17,296 
13,367 
7,790 

107,474 



28,649 



3,175 
8,483 
7,930 
3,179 
2,539 
3,343 

19,604 



6,664 
3,902 
3,175 
5,863 






9,402 


1 


3,350 


8 


2,349 


6 


1.646 


9 


2,768 


6 


1,973 


8 


2,072 



7,012 
875 

1,197 
693 

1,025 

2,625 



5,534 



3,465 

664 

1,454 



6,711 



994 
2,431 

955 

326 
1,040 

915 

5,329 



264 
482 
314 
146 
218 
369 



4A2 
363 
264 
381 



944 
377 
214 
151 
267 
204 
209 



687 
135 
150 
55 
110 
276 



812 
148 
327 



272 
659 
217 
82 
292 
284 



92 
137 
255 

42 

55 

117 



121 
93 
92 

120 



316 
114 

91 
57 
102 
51 
76 



202 
34 
3« 
21 
53 



68,828 



5,887 

21,083 

l.,036 

3,282 

8,969 

1,643 

4,028 

749 

9,151 

35,183 



15,404 
3,276 
2,621 
1,416 
2,073 
2,122 

2,527 

667 

723 

710 

1,114 

1,214 

1,311 



58,082 
12,700 
23,109 



116.753 



17,129 
45,672 
16,548 
4,297 
13,763 
14,344 

93,752 



42,766 



5,385 
9,462 
14,883 
2,325 
4,063 
6,648 

23,398 



8,582 
6,»t2 
5,335 
7.489 



46,430 



17,204 
7,431 
6,935 
2,963 
4,633 
3,448 
3,766 

25.613 



12,259 
2,522 
2,372 
1,000 
1,978 
5,482 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.19 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of business, 

salcs'Sise group, 

geographic division, and 

metropolitan area 



GROCERIES — Continued 

Coffee, tea, spices- 
Cent Inued 

Under $200,000 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific , 



14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 95 

Chicago, 111 23 

Los Angeles, Calif 10 

Philadelphia, Pa 19 

Detroit, Mich 10 

Boston, Mass 13 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif. 

Pittsburgh , Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Baltimore, Md 

Other metro, areas 

Dried fruits, nuts, 
total 

$1,000,000 and Over 
United States 

$500,000— $999,999 
United States 

$200 ,000— $499 , 999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

South Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

\A metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 27 

East North Central 10 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 19 

Chicago, 111 6 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif 

Other metro, areas 

Flour, total 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

West North Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Estab- 

Ush- 
ments 



(Hum- 
her) 



24 


1,694 


137 


9,226 


5i 


3,408 


33 


2,534 


39 


2,641 


10 


513 


20 


1,407 


i 


451 


30 


2,517 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



dollars) 



Oper 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
af sales 



24,391 



14,632 



6,903 
1,490 

642 
1,162 

795 
1,116 

662 
185 
549 
345 
578 
205 



6,856 



9.617 



3,279 
1,455 
1,366 
3,517 

5,290 



5,933 



1,860 
753 

1,089 
300 
878 
900 
153 

3,147 



1,426 
506 



266 
949 



57,331 



4,967 
30,490 

9,706 
12,168 

37,965 



26,226 



3,026 
10,672 
3,389 
2,861 
2,040 
4,238 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dolLirs) 



2,244 



157 
842 
313 
231 
242 

26 
145 

42 
246 



1,440 



674 
136 
69 
83 
106 
134 



1,288 



216 
54 
43 

264 



117 
39 

92 
17 
67 



181 
814 
516 
503 

1,187 



107 
387 
157 
246 
29 
185 



Active 
propn- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 






19 

106 

50 

31 

39 

8 

19 

2 

20 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 



58 
346 
133 
102 
102 
20 
64 



263 
52 
40 
34 



13 

179 



59 
32 

106 
8 
87 
69 
18 



45 
1,461 



60 
194 

137 
178 



27 
117 
52 
79 
6 
88 



Pay roll 



(DotUrsj 



45,700 



4,781 
16,352 
5,998 
4,698 
4,569 

516 
2,747 

937 
5,102 



23,586 
10,340 

13,868 



4,619 

2,310 

975 

5,964 

8,107 



10,706 



2,322 
1,153 
2,763 

314 
2,130 
1,742 

282 

4,477 



1,970 
1,060 



318 
1,129 



37,566 



3,208 
14,629 
10,165 

9,564 

21,726 



22,595 



2,186 
7,034 
2,598 
5,858 
465 
4,454 



12,682 
2,615 
1,577 
1,582 
1,936 
4,353 

1,225 
527 

1,053 
720 
661 
545 



58,500 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



GROCERIES — Continued 
Flour — Continued 
$500 , 000— $999 , 999— Con . 



14 metro, areas. 



$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Other metro . areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total. . 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago , 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Other metro . areas 

Frosted, frozen 
foods, total 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States 

$1, 000, 000— $4, 999, 999 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central , 

West North Central , 

Pacific , 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total, 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Other metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999' 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 



14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago , 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, ' 
Calif 

Other metro, areas 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 
bcr) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sal< 



15,252 



18,687 



2,918 
6,126 
3,872 
1,829 
1,601 
746 
1,395 

9.216 



5,204 
1,616 
2,396 



11,210 



248 




5,008 




2,615 




920 




1,095 




358 




727 




239 





5,568 



3,079 




469 


. .. 


462 




173 




385 




189 


. . . 


398 




413 





36,321 10.4 



97,369 



43,407 
24,697 

8,492 
13,161 

7,612 

67,919 



24,444 

9,074 

3,651 

25,750 



45,336 



3,693 

10,269 
15,308 
3,292 
2,774 
2,962 
5,027 
2,011 



4,050 
4,793 
1,832 
2,188 

2,525 i 
5,550 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



120 
196 
257 
70 
63 
38 
66 



165 
106 
83 



11 
168 
154 
53 
32 
22 
26 
5 



1,760 



6,915 



2,801 
1,713 

725 
1,004 

672 

4,603 



1,439 
635 
596 

1,933 



3,148 



242 
596 

1,077 
312 
238 
206 
330 
147 



1,460 



214 
325 

179 
91 

215 
435 



Active 
propri- 
etors, • 
Novem- 
ber 



(Hum- 
ber) 



80 


20 


35 


4i 


2 


14 


22 


2 


7 


5 


5 


5 


9 


5 


4 


47 


1 


17 


22 




7 


37 


2 


19 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. IS 



r 

Em- 
ployees Pay roll 

(Hum- 
bcr) 



63 
94 
22 
32 
17 
29 

106 



(DolfaTS) 



2,015 



844 
459 
225 
280 
207 

1,223 



395 
147 
156 
525 



75 
92 
76 
28 

93 
110 



14,686 



2,209 
3,369 
4,997 
1,148 
1,194 
540 
1,229 

6.385 



2,790 
2,190 

1,405 



9,208 



355 
3,620 
2,588 
983 
594 
436 
493 
139 

5,227 



1,720 
773 
434 

139 
174 
802 
399 
786 



138,423 



58,983 
33,933 
14,861 
19,251 
11,395 

91,454 



28,143 
13,342 
14,521 
35,448 



65,263 



77 


4,762 


213 


12,002 


351 


22,477 


77 


5,437 


68 


4,956 


64 


3,844 


127 


9,041 


64 


2,744 



31,598 



4,481 
6,618 
3,695 
1,698 

6,774 
8,332 



2.20 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of business, 

sales-sue group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



bCT) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
doilaTs) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per' 
cent 
Df sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri' 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Num 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

{Hum- 
her) 



Payroll 



(Dollars) 



Kind of business^ 

sales-size group, 

g/Cographic division,and 

metropoliun area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



{Hum- 
her) 



Sales, 

entire 
year 



(TJiouiand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



Payroll, 

entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,' 
Novem- 
ber 

(Num- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

f-y roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Num- 
ber) 



Payroll 



{Dollart) 



WOCSRJES — Cont inue d 

Frosted, frozen 
foods — Continued 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England : 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

1-4 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York -Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago , 111 

Lob Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St, Louis, Mo 

Other metro, areas 



Miscellaneous grocery 
specialties, total.. 

$5,000,000 and Over 



United States. . . 
14 metro, areas. 



$1 , 000 , 000— $4 , 999 , 999 

United States, total,.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York -Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit , Mich 

Boston , Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Other metro, areas 



62,879 



11 


3,427 




34 


10,427 




17 


5,245 




6 


1,970 




16 


5,000 




6 


2,124 




9 


2,967 




5 


1,874 




19 


6,434 





281 
857 
318 
166 
375 
165 
249 
128 
546 



108 
348 
116 

54 
174 

60 
128 

52 
166 



5,224 
17,985 
6,614 
2,769 
8,985 
3,151 
5,087 
2,761 
10,303 



10,728 



2,997 
1,215 
1,565 
853 
1,008 
1,026 
2,064 



16,267 



147 


2 


72 


1 


71 


2 


75 


3 


179 


7 



90 


4,951 


27 


1,535 


59 


2,677 


34 


1,738 


21 


1,055 


32 


2,029 


75 


3,908 



1,437 



34,172 



656 
4,316 
2,416 
1,301 
2,473 

433 
1,204 

736 
2,732 



86 
263 
193 
119 
256 

38 
103 



35 

159 
90 
56 

127 
93 
52 
40 

124 



1,772 
6,359 
4,326 

2,640 
6,115 
1,344 
2,300 
1,266 
8,050 

12,830 



1,254 
234 
496 
666 
259 

652 
237 
266 

1,047 



70 
27 
85 
48 
24 

83 
20 
35 
126 



1,613 
834 

2,718 

1,079 

449 

1,249 
390 
700 

3,798 



1,105,541 



276,310 
255,660 



318,174 



4,168 
3,537 



16,963 



1,099 
927 



4,934 



77,169 
66,351 



328,345 



13,359 

126,177 

52,452 

15,417 
18,887 
16,974 
32,748 
5,300 
36,860 



838 
6,100 
3,740 

706 
1,169 
1,091 
1,705 

116 
1,498 



241 
1,509 
917 
227 
350 
422 
695 
161 
412 

2,511 



14,089 
116,993 
66,674 
13,016 
22,681 
20,330 
31,206 
3,756 
39,600 

198,868 



92,297 
26,557 
10,647 

4,620 
7,095 

17,341 
8,829 
9,939 

24,617 



3,933 

1,793 

783 

402 

522 

568 

594 

365 

1,308 



925 
416 
166 

101 
140 

136 
164 
121 
342 



72,434 
31,878 
14,084 
7,913 
8,815 

13,025 
11,207 
6,373 
33,139 



GROCERIES — Continued 

Miacellaneous grocery 

specialties — Con. . . . 

$500 , 000— $999 , 999 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total, 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oailand , 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore , Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Mijm, 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total, 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif , 

Pittsburgh, Pa , 

St. Louis, Mo.. , 

Baltijiiore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn, 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Phi ladelphia , Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio.. 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Buffali), N. Y 



33 
158 
99 
26 

70 
27 
34 



104 
34 
21 
15 
5 
10 



2,167 



132 
868 
417 
162 
182 
68 
82 
36 
220 

1,131 



571 

125 

84 

71 

39 



192,838 



11,928 



3,804 



8,424 
65,859 
37,619 
15,048 
22,743 

6,140 
14,485 

5,515 
17,005 

96,491 



732 

3,817 

2,639 

963 

1,065 

407 

765 

249 

1,291 

6,001 



239 
1,045 
802 
311 
494 
152 
291 
118 
352 

1,647 



45,965 
7,706 
6,961 
7,574 
2,752 
4,364 

5,102 
2,222 
2,226 
3,432 
2,250 
3,054 
2,883 



172,971 



10,036 
51,381 
32,073 

8,203 
21,378 
10,007 
11,330 

3,630 
24,883 

81,111 



34,046 
10,994 
6,827 
5,013 
1,616 
3,047 

6,550 
1,886 
3,223 
4,063 
1,218 
1,542 
1,086 



144,772 



2,855 
775 
702 
346 
184 
183 

278 

161 
79 

146 
97 
91 

104 



12,335 



726 
226 
168 
121 



4,531 



748 

3,537 

2,320 

801 

1,451 

464 

890 

202 

1,922 

5,704 



23 

108 
63 
12 
56 
24 
19 
13 
93 



246 
1,138 
816 
349 
579 
219 
516 
80 
588 

1,913 



8,170 
56,764 
26,476 
10,859 
13,542 
4,746 
6,536 
2,408 
15,271 

73,140 



37,106 
7,132 
5,423 
4,450 
3,102 
2,859 

3,650 

2,189 

1,781 

603 

1,614 

1,598 

835 

798 



2,232 
732 
406 
355 
92 
227 

574 
163 
269 

300 
219 

58 

77 



11,685 



694 
248 
160 
132 
24 
76 

139 
57 
110 
120 
112 
20 
21 



5.250 



707 

4,127 

2,349 

989 

958 

362 

532 

224 

1,437 

5,950 



109 
829 
386 
158 
132 
66 
73 
32 
227 

1,082 



360 
1,718 
1,0U 
431 
483 
258 
285 
104 
598 

2,516 



2,768 
701 
610 
269 
235 
269 

328 
193 
156 
62 
146 
93 
65 
55 



560 
119 
78 
67 
41 
28 

68 
32 
26 
1 
19 
20 
11 
12 



1,087 
291 
265 
135 
94 
138 

138 
35 

101 
21 
53 
46 



222,496 



12,862 
65,570 
49,669 
17,597 
24,748 

7,986 
14,478 

5,222 
24,366 

105,637 



48,052 

14,100 

12,787 

6,447 

3,061 

3,197 

5,990 
2,864 
1,265 
2,604 
1,528 
1,900 
1,842 



243,135 



13,533 
67,721 
44,219 
16,068 
29,639 

9,283 
21,553 

4,338 
36,781 

110.779 



42,925 
14,480 
7,659 
6,768 
1,430 
4,128 

10,535 
3,603 
5,500 
6,256 
4,845 
1,115 
1,535 



234.394 



14,514 
81,122 
46,439 
17,965 
19,223 

9,709 
11,200 

4,462 
29,760 

120,346 



54,146 
14,630 
12,295 
5,649 
5,008 
5,965 

6,937 
4,051 
3,668 
1,246 
2,419 
1,710 
1,223 
1,399 



See footnotes at end of table. 



I 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.21 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments. Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



her) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 



Oper 
ating 

ex- 
penses 

(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per' 

cent 
af sale 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
doUars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors.* 
Novem- 
ber 



(>ium- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

bcr) 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic divisioii,and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
hsh- 
ments 



(Hum- 
_bcr)_ 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



propn- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



{}^um- 
bet) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Mum- 



Pay roll 



(DolkTi) 



FABM PRODUCTS (EDIBIi) 



Dairy, poultry prod- 
ucts, total 



6,185 



$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 



K metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Boston , Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Other metro, areas 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston , Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif 

Pittsborgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 
Buffalo, N. Y 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-5t. Paul, Minn. 
Buffalo, N. Y 



40 
273 
192 
77 
69 
23 
52 
13 
91 



186 
65 
22 
30 
23 
15 

19 
9 



38 
214 
197 
88 
83 
40 
63 
25 
81 



133 
46 



4,179,305 



5,871,032 



1,155,540 



35 , 126 
397,745 
380,221 

36,672 
232,418 

73,358 

941.113 



73,828 



20,206 



907 
16,689 
19,599 

2,937 
25,975 

7,721 

53.841 



308 
3,903 
5,209 
1,105 
7,226 
2,455 

13,825 



17,275 
306,241 
389,399 

65,750 
526,223 
148 , 170 

1,056,702 



357,667 

272,634 

101,805 

35,126 

78,824 
95,057 



1,689,096 



14,482 

9,785 

12,170 

907 

7,626 
8,871 



132,465 



3,346 
2,463 
3,351 

308 

2,017 
2,340 



41,652 



270,665 

204,434 

256,115 

17,275 

144,563 
163,650 



79,330 
581,297 
384,846 
142,607 
132,648 

46,665 
102,677 

25,660 
193,366 

911,789 



5,474 
30,073 
30,484 
11,372 
14,228 

6,191 
11,772 

2,418 
20,453 



129 
94 
30 
16 



1,643 
8,188 
8,962 
4,200 
5,095 
2,246 
4,509 
804 
6,005 

U,412 



102,617 
568,631 
600,536 
229,681 
275,450 
115,841 
234,865 
48,058 
397,738 

1.043,387 



412,464 
148,401 
41,890 
58,706 
54,348 
32,336 

46,554 
18,636 
14,133 
27,438 
14 ,054 
6,786 
14,877 
21 , 166 



582,652 



18,831 
9,577 
3,019 
2,226 
4,263 
1,551 

5,436 

1,619 

975 

1,923 

788 

401 

2,068 

1,259 



43,578 



4,760 

2,445 

898 

701 

1,039 

392 

1,485 
440 
319 
547 
247 
192 
642 
305 



16,638 



352,678 
181,836 
53,537 
40,345 
88,639 
27,007 

102,016 
36,323 
19,817 
37,802 
17,246 
8,176 
48,006 
24,959 



865,696 



26,013 
150,844 
137,995 
60,277 
59,501 
28,735 
44,858 
16,947 
57,482 



2,099 
7,422 
11,426 
3,555 
6,198 
2,827 
3,775 
1,568 
4,708 

11,962 



25 

151 
171 
66 
35 
37 
57 
23 
100 



652 
2,462 
3,966 
1,524 
2,816 
1,162 
1,914 

558 
1,584 



32,703 
139,246 
226,336 

70,089 
130,500 
56,570 
79,084 
30,791 
100,377 



93,174 
32 , 129 
16,356 

14,811 
11,386 
7,468 

11,208 
4,952 

11,460 
2,077 
5,318 
5,818 
5,275 
2,682 



4,268 
1,955 

1,101 
628 
674 
414 

737 
209 
773 
135 
200 
346 
243 
279 



1,296 
557 
390 
229 
203 
136 

202 

68 
292 

49 
63 
157 



81,024 
37,165 
22,754 
11,578 
14,493 
7,337 

15,814 
3,260 

15,011 
2,633 
4,897 
8,935 
4,662 
4,925 



FARM PRODUCTS(EDIBLi;)— Con. 

Dairy, poultry prod- 
ucts — Continued 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total.. ^ 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 
Buffalo, N. Y 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltljnore, Md 

Minneapolis-St, Paul, Minn. 
Buffalo, N. Y 

Fruits, vegetables 
(fresh), total 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Other metro, areas 



1,534 



59 
386 
376 
188 
123 

89 
123 

65 
125 



256 
76 
28 
33 



122 
570 
804 
516 
178 
148 
214 
119 
192 



323 

113 

53 

51 



6,388 



487,804 



32,641 



13,782 



19,408 
121,939 
120,083 
57,807 
38,513 
29,194 
39,892 
20,803 
40,165 



1,106 
5,795 
9,179 
3,177 
2,963 
2,173 
3,166 
1,981 
3,101 

9.186 



36 
327 
346 
199 
113 

97 
127 

68 
141 



437 
2,030 
3,598 
1,514 
1,440 
1,226 
1,619 

857 
1,061 



80,115 
25,792 
8,993 
11,558 
8,337 
8)805 

5,438 
3,981 
7,613 
3,784 
4,380 
3,618 
2,643 
2,648 



264,213 



3,459 
1,687 
466 
462 
623 
505 

447 
214 
359 
164 

270 
160 
187 
183 



15,883 



211 
67 
34 
36 
30 
11 

27 
15 
24 
12 



2,834 



1,116 
518 
159 
195 
187 
171 



162 
76 

87 
71 



8,354 



10,475 
55,518 
74,505 
43,595 
17,872 
12,663 
17,844 
11,334 
20,407 

75,525 



751 
2,531 
4,576 
2,416 
1,218 

840 
1,315 

774 
1,462 



99 
513 
843 
516 
147 
140 
222 
136 
218 



352 

1,169 

2,248 

1,364 

766 

571 

370 

401 

613 

1,503 



31,896 
10,947 
5,730 
5,433 
4,399 
3,015 

3,352 

1,482 

3,385 

350 

1,621 

2,073 

877 

965 



3,147,233 



1,168 
628 
328 
178 
177 
190 

187 
86 

214 
14 
97 
70 
27 
59 



155,288 



296 
120 
61 
46 
55 
13 

41 
17 
45 
3 
17 
18 
16 



500 
234 
128 
102 
79 
85 

77 
27 
122 
11 
42 
46 
21 
29 



370.939 



11.752 



104,453 
121,028 
28,146 
26,170 
37,029 
54,113 

274,169 



2.601 
3,512 
594 
566 
1,946 
2,533 

8,416 



741 
799 
210 

192 
643 

707 

2,338 



653,280 



20,247 
111,420 
179,453 
62,509 
61,313 
44,081 
67,566 
40,904 
65,787 

178,346 



66,470 

32,618 

9,725 

9,103 

11,800 

8,767 

9,047 
4,204 
7,107 
3,394 
5,351 
3,122 
4,070 
3,568 



325,581 



14,211 
50,442 
91,729 
47,499 
25,728 
17,453 
31,045 
16,627 
30,347 



23,580 
12,144 
6,939 
3,964 
3,279 
3,726 

4,011 
1,389 
3,986 

610 
2,047 
1,459 

705 
1,170 



2,914,557 



242,816 



57,376 
67,433 
11,393 
11,248 
49,232 
46,079 



66,190 
90,905 
117,074 



1,965 
3,029 
3,422 



479 

679 

1,180 



39,890 
59,545 
75,480 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2.22 



Tabic 2B. 



WHOLESALE TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 

-SALES SIZE-SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 
STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pat Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of business. 

sales si^ group, 

geographic division.and 

metropolitan area 



Esub' 
lish- 
menta 



(Hum' 
her) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per' 
cent 
□f sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollarj) 



Active 
propri- 
etors, • 
Novem- 
ber 



ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em' 

ployees 

(Hum- 
bcr) 



Pay roll 



jDoilars) 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
Usb- 
ments 



(Hum- 
_bcr)_ 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dottars) 



Oper- 

I ating 

cx- 
pensefl 

(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(Hum- 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

Qium- 
ber) 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



FAHH PRODUCTS(EDIBLE)~Con. 

Fruits, vegetables 
(fresh) — Con. 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999 



United States, total. 

New England 46 

Middle Atlantic 161 

East North Central 169 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 49 

Mountain 18 

Pacific 96 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 8'. 

Chicago, 111 61 

Los Angeles, Calif 33 

Philadelphia, Pa 20 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, C^lif. 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Baltimore , Md 

Minneapolts-St. Paul, Mitm. 
Buffalo, N. I 

$500,000— $999,999 



United States, total. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 220 

East North Central 191 

West North Central 78 

South Atlantic 103 

East South Central 37 

West South Central 63 

Mountain 40 

Pacific 114 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 107 

Chicago, 111 59 

Los Angeles, Calif 35 

Philadelphia, Pa 19 

Detroit, Mich 24 

Boston. Mass 22 

San FranciL:co-Oakland,Calif. 20 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 
Buffalo, N. Y 

$200,000— $499,999 



United States, total... 1,691 

New England 181 

Middle Atlantic 495 

East North Central 289 

West North Central 103 

South Atlantic 193 

East South Central 87 

West South Central 107 

Mountain 64 

Pacific 172 

14 metro, areas, total. 

Hew York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 260 

Chicago, 111 78 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland>Calif. 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 13 

Cleveland, Ohio 13 

Baltimore, Hd 39 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 11 
Buffalo, N. Y 14 

See footnotes at end of table. 



1,336,916 



67,769 



19,529 



88,744 
299,713 
337,561 
132,357 
128,214 
50,455 
95,360 
25,847 
178,665 

617,131 



4,054 
13,206 
14,066 
8,718 
6,591 
2,358 
6,554 
1,608 
10,614 

26.832 



17 
156 
173 
45 
61 
20 
36 
22 
81 



1,182 
3,413 
3,703 
2,737 
2,328 

956 
2,212 

445 
2,553 

6,783 



161,928 
119,041 
65,345 
39,707 
28,003 
34,756 
42.936 
24,956 
21,940 
6,622 
29,767 
6,907 
16,920 
18,303 



619,748 



8,004 

4,087 

3,785 

1,532 

905 

1,414 

2,309 

821 

935 

214 

1,040 

255 

1,129 

402 



34.655 



,875 
942 
851 
453 
220 
434 
570 
326 
238 

90 
234 

73 
362 
115 



11,328 



31,602 
151,434 
134,407 
54,320 
70,133 
25,938 
42,902 
28,059 
80,953 

286,620 



73,559 
43,396 
24,836 
12,153 
16,145 
16,321 
14,335 
16,663 
17,519 
9,958 
12,881 
9,231 
9,395 
10,228 



540,637 



1,712 
7,916 
7,301 
3,080 
4,164 
1,432 
2,297 
1,734 
5,019 

14,826 



31 
249 
233 
64 
111 
40 
70 
35 
129 



541 

2,505 

2,216 

983 

1,567 

597 

960 

606 

1,353 

4,464 



57,962 
158,705 
94,467 
32,126 
62,839 
27,442 
33,167 
19,872 
54,057 

242,903 



83 ,289 

26,069 

18,838 

20,346 

10,209 

18,748 

11,936 

9,693 

12,375 

4,151 

6,574 

13,353 

3,348 

3,974 



3,594 

2,422 

1,314 

732 

789 

819 

1,072 

894 

319 

754 

414 

305 

48'' 

411 



27,764 



2,024 



1,063 
669 
362 
273 
263 
231 
287 
313 
230 
258 
126 
136 
122 
131 



10,442 



3,274 
7,565 
4,933 
1,750 
3,134 
1,498 
1,486 
1,050 
3,074 

12,165 



151 

617 
374 
117 
216 
109 
149 
74 
217 



1,213 

2,673 

1,775 

660 

;,396 

716 

662 

415 

927 

4,158 



4,152 
1,365 
1,023 
781 
473 
970 
665 
445 
827 
176 
310 
620 
163 
185 



278 
103 
97 
96 
48 
33 
48 
45 
40 
15 
20 



1,332 

441 

343 

297 

162 

351 

185 

1^0 

286 

78 

135 

264 

49 

65 



71,748 
238,252 
249,664 
164,088 
120,893 

41,504 
122,657 

26,805 
187,920 

476.030 



145,552 
72,488 
66,074 
24,963 
15,024 
24,109 
38,581 
18,526 
15,957 

4,566 
16,864 

4,957 
21,479 

6,390 



637,427 



30,541 
148,072 
134,052 
55,435 
76,273 
25,597 
45,572 
33,654 
88,231 

274,675 



69,959 
45,132 
23,398 
13,095 
15,781 
14,749 
16,990 
16,705 
15,250 
13,888 
7,652 
6,475 
8,434 
7,167 



530,623 



60,687 
146,534 
95,763 
33,848 
58,364 
29,452 
28,541 
20,693 
56,741 

232,831 



79,573 

26,634 

20,458 

14,730 

8,841 

17,893 

12,051 

8,213 

15,445 

3,370 

7,031 

11,628 

3,088 

3,326 



FAHM PRODUCTS(EDIDU:)— Con. 

Fruits, vegetables 
(fresh) — Con. 

Under $200,000. 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland.Calif, 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St, Paul, Minn, 
Buffalo, N. Y 

BEER, WINES, 
DISTILLED SPIRITS 



3,054 



268 
929 
476 
194 
387 
187 
169 
85 
359 



519 

132 

167 

115 

19 

85 

60 

41 

56 

10 

26 

43 

23 

25 



$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central , 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston , Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland/:alif. 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Other metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New Yorlc-Northeastern Mew 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Phi Isdelphia , Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, {Mlf. 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 



34 
109 
134 
45 
69 
20 
47 
29 
48 



278,993 



13,343 



3,510 



6,837 



24,656 
87,037 
43,593 
18,320 
30,686 
16,785 
15,934 
8,143 
33,834 

125,934 



1,153 

3,936 

1,871 

915 

1,730 

732 

719 

365 

1,927 

6,052 



280 
1,069 
574 
200 
421 
215 
185 
102 
464 

1,553 



583 
1,337 
901 
471 
978 
482 
480 
194 
911 

2,699 



48,262 

12,196 

15,149 

11,148 

2,075 

8,413 

6,277 

4,209 

5,997 

716 

2,843 

3,695 

2,163 

2,791 



1,546,213 



2,241 
450 
905 
415 

75 
454 
302 
189 
377 

55 
124 
229 

66 
170 



577 

160 

208 

147 

31 

88 

96 

49 

51 

12 

33 

50 

21 

30 



4,807 



928 
199 
403 
207 

36 
211 
129 

95 
160 

26 

47 
112 

34 
112 



394,920 



29,341 



7.510 



64,931 

50,673 

114,893 

7,515 
33,159 
13,778 
30,477 

6,654 
72,840 

174.226 



4,833 

3,465 

10,394 

602 
2,107 

864 
1,923 

377 
4,726 

13,880 



1,349 

1,006 

2,281 

133 

609 

250 

570 

126 

1,186 

3.353 



15,307 

37,706 

31,089 

19,721 

26,023 

11,368 

6,590 

8,434 

7,567 

9,371 



363,972 



23,569 
72,801 
91,613 
29,704 
46,916 
13,938 
31,470 
19,538 
34,423 

83,757 



16,250 
3,197 
7,294 
6,U0 
9,287 
3,334 
6,989 

10,153 
2,227 
2,669 
2,556 
4,739 
3,422 



1,167 

3,302 

2,447 

2,025 

1,953 

781 

173 

603 

766 

663 



26,617 



377 
661 
636 

422 
504 
193 

57 
137 
175 
191 



7,778 



1,919 
5,318 
7,755 
1,901 
3,365 
1,000 
1,890 
1,153 
2,311 

6,396 



589 

1,661 

1,975 

547 

1,103 

346 

624 

336 

597 

1,833 



1,535 
716 
544 
374 
766 
373 
444 
413 
115 
166 
206 
429 
315 



521 
157 
142 
99 
195 
128 
113 
135 
30 
39 
68 
130 



280,160 



23,482 
79,035 
33,816 
20,125 
35,916 
16,669 
16,169 
7,262 
42,636 

125,115 



44,503 
9,508 

20,747 
7,620 
1,527 
8,970 
6,651 
4,001 
7,774 
1,113 
2,555 
4,554 
1,812 
3,775 



2,023,736 



541,253 



89,017 
66,139 
191,079 

9,549 
33,340 
15,330 
39,831 

6,779 
39,639 

253.496 



22,287 
60,740 
48,289 
33,024 
35,063 
14,911 
3,258 
9,206 
14,433 
12,285 



493,514 



35,668 
105,314 
138,599 
34,323 
59,306 
18,077 
34,934 
22,864 
44,379 

127,680 



36,161 
12,910 
10,909 
6,815 
14,167 
7,964 
8,525 
7,091 
2,343 
2,907 
3,536 
9,120 
5,232 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.23 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of business, 

sales-5i;e group, 

geographic division,and 

metropobtan aiea 



BEER, VtKES, DISTnXED 
SPIRITS — Continued 

Beer, ale — Continued 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

L4 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Hinneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Buffalo, N. 1 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh , Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

Wines, distilled 
spirits, total 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$1 , 000 , 000— $4 , 999 , 999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 



Estab- 

bsh- 

menta 



(Xum- 



55 
334 

375 
201 
176 

64 
124 

72 
138 



3,337 



71 

1,056 

740 

461 

300 

lis 

267 

110 
214 

748 



89 
138 

20 
126 

20 

28 
241 
16 
13 
13 
15 
22 



58 
83 
111 
52 

73 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(ThouadTid 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



473,561 



18,318 
104,467 
115,302 
60,026 
55,383 
19,218 
36,454 
21,450 
42,943 

94,609 



10,272 
15,728 
4,318 
18,943 
4,338 
2,097 

4,399 
20,048 
3,261 
3,589 
2,127 
2,715 
2,774 



313,760 



7,586 
89,568 
72,005 
45,229 
30,016 
11,690 
24,786 
10,617 
22,263 

65,537 



6,838 
12,550 

1,549 
11,311 

2,032 

3,160 
19,291 
1,457 
1,086 
1,090 
2,119 
2,336 
718 



2,390,797 



900,233 



372,324 
145,780 
67,714 
86,952 
82,766 
109,477 
35,220 

699,388 



127,460 
197,042 
226,230 
107,092 
168,024 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



ber) 



31,729 



1,435 
6,604 
8,668 
4,155 
3,644 
1,133 
1,942 
1,130 
3,018 

6,495 



830 
1,262 

318 
1,247 

366 

178 

287 
838 
229 
272 
256 
226 
186 



18,598 



3,047 



680 
4,882 
4,577 
2,605 
1,991 

692 
1,192 

557 
1,422 

3,830 



552 
688 
111 
627 

186 

207 
672 
108 
114 
88 
127 
243 
107 



38,249 



17,686 
6,626 
2,214 
2,314 
2,099 
5,939 
1,371 

32,718 



59,416 



7,857 
12,862 
10,312 
4,793 
7,423 



23 
315 
307 
158 
107 
54 
91 
61 
129 



38 

1,131 

652 

378 

221 

98 
199 
110 
220 

768 



77 
129 
21 

138 
17 

36 
287 

15 
5 
8 
12 
20 
3 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
ber) 



10,914 



542 
2,466 
2,696 

1,403 
1,336 
508 
740 
391 
832 

2,187 



308 
372 
110 
408 
100 
71 

87 
377 
67 
81 
71 
67 
68 



8,199 



300 

2,217 

1,818 

1,155 

906 

381 

698 

222 

502 

1,573 



246 
239 

47 
263 

66 

75 
336 
39 
45 
36 
58 
84 
39 



28,707 



7,928 



3,675 
1,569 
420 
441 
433 
1,167 
223 

6,850 



14,651 



1,904 
3,009 
2,703 
1,307 
1,703 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



605,879 



28,589 
129,523 
164,043 
78,422 
67,852 
20,416 
36,835 
22,066 
58,133 

129,038 



19,749 

24,541 

6,911 

23,117 

6,594 

3,652 

6,107 
16,456 
4,408 
4,957 
4,741 
4,114 
3,691 



383,090 



14,519 
98,355 
91,356 
53,512 
41,892 
15,378 
26,343 
11,804 
29,931 

78,545 



12,223 
13,057 

2,650 
12,521 

3,944 

4,488 
13,086 
2,029 
2,349 
1,383 
3,251 
5,394 
2,170 



2,281,674 



736,840 



336,161 
130,017 
43,093 
43,419 
36,250 
115.909 
31,986 

634,893 



151,537 
255,352 
197,554 
89,923 
145,741 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division.and 

metropolitan area 



BEER, WINES, DISTILLED 
SPIRITS— Continued 

Wines, distilled 
spirits — Con, 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999— Coi. 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago , 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

$500 , 000— $999 , 999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Baltimore, Md 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago , 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit , Mich 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
{inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



61,594 
101,636 

44,490 
165,149 

434,312 



98,417 
65,840 
49,837 
13,387 
35,956 

51,893 
26,853 
34,335 

8,459 
20,242 

8,662 
20,431 



187,467 



21,474 
16,646 
52,597 
12,942 
16,931 
12,882 
12,734 
8,300 
32,961 

53,590 



12,980 

17,476 

3,839 

11,399 
2,510 
5,336 



13 


4,427 




43 


13,910 




77 


25,820 




11 


3,747 




18 


6,152 




6 


1,952 




3 


2,798 




16 


5,361 




33 


12,972 





35, U9 



11,393 

8,822 

2,196 

1,101 

946 

3,671 
2,567 
1,173 
1,680 
1,570 



27,241 



643 
6,155 
8,313 

464 
1,939 

342 

532 
1,362 
7,491 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(>(um- 
ber) 



2,079 
3,618 
2,012 
8,460 

24,571 



6,724 
3,420 
2,917 
796 
1,991 

2,742 
1,419 
1,556 

207 
1,167 

298 
1,334 



11,397 



1,480 

1,323 

3,082 

792 

346 

609 

704 

353 

2,208 

3,792 



1,036 

1,019 

324 

830 
188 
395 



5,139 



358 
1,197 
1,597 
231 
422 
106 
151 
278 
749 

2,556 



987 
524 
130 

105 
79 

169 
227 
55 
141 
139 



2,567 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees Pay roll 



(dum- 
ber) 



541 
1,083 

546 
1,355 

6,049 



,550 
914 
692 
163 
471 

572 
447 
327 
70 
333 
152 
358 



451 
367 
886 
209 
315 
180 
214 
179 
576 



254 

269 

90 

228 
71 
153 



1,757 



139 
351 
517 
113 
162 
54 
76 
105 
240 



66 
762 
675 

49 

121 
47 
24 
72 

751 



271 
142 
39 
27 
30 

54 
89 
22 
44 
43 



26 
279 
281 
21 
71 
19 
10 
38 
249 



(Dollars) 



39,684 
66,376 
39,206 
169,646 

492,308 



134,013 
65,582 
63,680 
17,588 
41,243 

51,278 
26,622 
31,909 

3,542 
24,839 

6,606 
25,406 



232,037 



30,153 
29,203 
62,210 
14,595 
20,679 
13,304 
12,478 
6,866 
42,549 

80,231 



20,683 
22,211 
6,776 

16,010 
3,998 
10,553 



105,204 



6,480 
23,866 
30,845 
5,660 
9,229 
2,003 
3,605 
5,419 
18,097 

50,449 



18,836 

10,094 

3,112 

1,987 

1,762 

3,679 
4,743 
1,325 
2,572 
2,339 



52,574 



1,367 
14,697 
13,381 
940 
2,592 
1,059 
426 
2,006 
15,606 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2.24 



WHOLESALE TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.^SALES SIZE -SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

' Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of business. 

sales-siw group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



BEER, WINES, DISTILLED 
SP IRITS — Con t inued 

Wines, distilled 
spirits — Continued 

Under $200,000~Con. 
lA metro, areas, total,. 

New York-Northeastem 
New Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass. 

San Francisco-OaKland, 
Calif 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md '. 

Other metro, areas. 



DRUGS, CHEMICALS, 
ALLIED PRODUCTS 

Drugs (general line) 
total 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total,... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central, 

West North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro • areas • 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total. . 

New Engl and 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central. 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York -Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Washington, D. C 

Baltimore, Md 

Other metro 



$500,000~$999,999 

United States, total,.,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central. 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

Under $500,000 

United States, total.... 

Middle Atlantic 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, 

Proprietary medicines, 
toiletries, total . . . , 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States 



Estab- 

bsh- 

ments 






67 


4,916 




22 


1,874 




9 


1,134 




7 


395 




8 


796 




5 


309 




34 


3,582 




4 


293 




17 


1,673 




3 


352 




5 


407 





SaW, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dolUri) 



Oper 

ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
Df sales 



848,870 



312,072 



91,332 
73, 192 

39,270 
63,707 
44,571 

222,870 



504,327 



38,030 
70,915 
81,195 
4A,550 
108,405 
40,330 
62,940 
26,407 
31,555 

98.531 



23,190 
16,658 
7,028 
9,199 
9,416 
33,040 



28,257 



3,095 
7,390 
3,805 
2,363 
4,435 
4,945 
2,224 

6,668 



4,214 



3,043 

1,171 



202,936 



36, 119 



10.1 
29.8 



34.9 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thotuand 
dollaTs) 



655 
183 
81 
49 
45 
36 

396 
29 

116 



24,736 



6,834 
5,831 
3,148 
5,109 
3,814 

17,675 



38,559 



3,056 
5,182 
6,306 
3,594 
8,176 
3,174 
4,789 
1,983 
2,299 

7.483 



1,744 

1,254 

554 

677 

795 

2,459 



250 
644 
311 
180 
353 
322 
177 



204 

100 



propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Num- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(J<um- 
bcr) 



237 

75 
27 
11 
14 
10 

128 
9 



7,969 



2,072 
1,734 
1,150 
1,586 
1,427 

5,590 



13,197 



1,053 
1,737 
2,106 
1,303 
2,662 
1,140 
1,763 
701 
732 

2,481 



610 
414 
178 
216 
253 
810 



7,672 



1,040 



Pay roll 



(Dollgri) 



32,952 



12,485 

3,879 

1,688 

1,031 

891 

740 

8,298 
505 

2,602 
120 
713 



1,251,532 



462,231 



128,280 

105,831 

59,750 

98,748 

69,622 

334,560 



743.152 



55,055 
98,611 

123,952 
70,273 

152,770 
60,551 
97,773 
38,263 
45,904 

145,910 



35,285 
25,778 
11,520 
11,296 
13,139 
48,892 



40,526 



110 


4,768 


220 


11,625 


129 


5,697 


61 


3,036 


116 


■ 6,303 


141 


5,984 


58 


3,113 



8,004 



5.623 



3,909 
1,714 



92,467 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



DRUGS, OHIMICAI.S— Con. 

Proprietary medicine^ 
toiletries — Con. 

$5,000,000 and Over— Con. 



14 metro, areas 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999 
United States, total,. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total. . 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas , total . 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Detroit, Mich 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn, 

Buffalo, N. Y 



Estab- 
Usb- 
ments 



(Xum- 



28 
190 
132 
49 
48 
21 
42 
11 
69 



145 
52 
44 
15 
17 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



66,363 



26,169 
18,422 
17,500 
4,272 

61,115 



31,617 



2,584 
13,704 
6,086 
1,956 
3,114 
1,613 
2,560 

19,330 



11,066 
2,479 
5,785 



35,404 



13,243 
5,698 
2,456 
2,136 
1,756 
3,571 
4,271 
2,273 

19,807 



10,472 

2,764 

1,047 

812 

1,172 
3,540 



33,433 



1,749 
11,255 
7,262 
2,454 
2,880 
1,020 
2,801 
479 
3,533 

19,010 



8,6U 
3,125 
1,996 
1,196 
573 
168 

366 
97 
617 
319 
488 
538 
573 
341 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



{Thotuand 
dollars) 



8,853 



4,397 
2,439 
1,568 

449 

8,427 



3,727 



185 
2,468 
472 
137 
187 
122 
156 

2,932 



2,340 
225 
367 



1,803 
725 
336 
153 
166 
334 
391 
209 

2,683 



1,559 
468 

101 
31 

159 
365 



3,813 



185 
1,546 
934 
264 
235 
109 
143 
37 
360 

2,552 



1,230 

470 

266 

144 

48 

26 

29 

20 
66 
19 
72 
39 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(Num- 
her) 



22 
105 
104 
36 
44 
16 
50 
8 
65 

232 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Num- 
M 



2,473 



1,421 
508 
404 
140 

2,347 



63 
574 
119 
46 
69 
35 
45 



1,469 



636 
205 
126 
92 
82 
121 
133 



529 

130 

44 

12 

46 

143 



1,739 



93 
639 
390 
154 
127 
51 
75 
21 
189 



491 
186 

151 
52 
30 



Payroll 
(Dollars) 



92.467 



168,339 



81,909 

46,922 

30,234 

9,274 

160,209 



68,873 



3,390 
43,518 
9,680 
2,888 
3,834 
2,572 
2,791 

53,116 



41,128 
5,355 
6,633 



89.383 



41,557 
15,567 
6,360 
3,100 
3,140 
7,597 
8,054 
4,008 

61,512 



36,846 

U,752 

2,008 

891 

3,168 
6,847 



80,342 



3,525 
32,998 
19,678 
5,362 
4,455 
2,130 
2,912 
652 
8,630 

54,890 



26,419 
10,266 
6,672 
2,864 
966 
306 

657 

513 
1,344 

290 
1,177 

781 
1,313 
1,322 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.25 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of business, 

salessiK group, 

geographic division, and 

metropolitan area 



DRUGS, CHaCCALS—Con, 



Retailer cooperatives- 
specialty lines 



Drug sundries, total.. 
$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total.... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$500 , 000— $999, 999 

United States, total,... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total*. 

New York -Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Other metro, areas 

$200, 000 —$499,999 

United States, total,... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total,. 

New York -Morthe astern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

St, Louis, Mo 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total,... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 



14 metro, areas, total,. 

New York -Northeastern New 

Jersey 196 

Chicago, 111 ^ 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 26 

Detroit, Mich 16 

Boston, Mass 18 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St, Paul, Minn,. 
Buffalo, N. Y,-.. 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Estab- 

Ush- 

menta 



(Num 
her) 



17 
1,012 



38 
255 
U5 
52 
52 
27 
77 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
sf sales 



6,551 
271,976 



133, U3 



22,823 
86,633 

7,462 
16,225 

118,927 



35,361 



13,526 
7,976 
2,-100 
1,939 
1,649 
5,806 
2,065 

22,990 



9,305 
3,419 
1,965 

2,445 
5,856 



53,454 



3,003 
19,259 
8,650 
3,681 
3,501 
8,850 
4,268 
2,242 

29,540 



15,491 

4,311 

1,929 

1,338 

999 

1,174 
1,028 
1,109 
2,161 



50.018 



2,598 
15,964 
8,956 
3,516 
3,689 
1,653 
5,485 
1,458 
6,699 

27,309 



11,903 
2,886 
3,195 
1,745 
1,200 
1,057 

1,719 
594 
439 
228 

1,134 
419 
462 
328 



9.3 

18.5 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



374 
19,708 



6,180 



2,570 

2,194 

462 

954 

4,899 



4,002 



1,630 
1,035 
218 
172 
98 
610 
239 

2,557 



1,085 
394 
342 

299 

437 



4,737 



278 
1,823 
836 
412 
294 
582 
340 
172 

2,659 



1,304 
374 
198 
102 



54 
125 
170 
244 



'■,7S9 



348 

1,651 

1,014 

313 

339 

121 

341 

93 

569 

2,902 



1,189 
379 
320 
176 
107 
171 

152 
64 
68 
22 

145 
20 



Active 
propn- 
etors," 
Novem- 
ber 



(>(um- 



16 
186 
93 
38 
42 
34 
70 
12 
94 



143 
31 
51 
28 

10 
7 

19 
6 
6 
2 

10 
4 

10 
3 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 



(Hum- 
ber) I (Dollars) 



138 
6,409 



646 
573 
133 
263 

1,246 



425 
365 
59 
68 
44 
167 
83 



285 
126 
76 

73 
138 



103 
557 
250 
114 
109 
229 
114 
80 



386 
108 
67 
33 
26 

19 
28 
54 
55 



146 
676 
398 
125 
169 

53 
167 

45 
248 

1,151 



466 
130 
139 
84 
42 
68 

60 
25 
29 
7 
54 
13 
13 
21 



Payroll 



119,784 



50,304 

40,904 

9,231 

18,845 

93,772 



72,883 



28,990 
17,900 
3,720 
2,990 
1,964 
11,326 
5,493 

46,108 



19,252 
6,737 
6,708 

5,922 
7,489 



88, U6 



5,295 
34,169 
14,803 
7,079 
5,696 
11,409 
6,335 
3,350 

49,217 



23,988 
6,866 
3,726 
1,818 
1,694 

1,097 
1,791 
3,816 
4,419 



97,608 



6,724 

32,756 

20,149 

6,633 

6,261 

2,449 

7,437 

1,918 

13,281 

58, 150 



23,571 
7,616 
7,371 
3,488 
2,066 
3,261 

2,950 

1,065 

1,565 

373 

2,723 

452 

851 

798 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



DRUGS, CHmlCALS— Con. 



Industrial chemicals, 
total 



$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic. .^ 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas. 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States,total. .. , 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic. 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total, 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

Other metro, areas 

$500, 000— $999, 999 

United States, total,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oaicland, 
Calif 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn, 

Other metro, areas. 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total.., 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions. 

14 metro, areas, total, 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 
1^) 



232 
87 
32 
50 
11 
34 
7 
64 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



535,030 



100,171 
27,421 
27,156 

121, lAO 



213,968 



24,622 
99,928 
38,449 
10,222 
14,430 

6,465 
14,360 

5,492 

156,066 



83,785 
20,513 
10,503 
8,568 
11,966 
20,733 



74,833 



8,578 
26,117 
8,126 
9,015 
6,019 
(x) 
6,305 
(x) 
7,022 

44,543 



22,426 
2,387 
2,390 
5,278 

3,325 
2,269 
6,468 



55,502 



4,958 
25,033 
7,243 
4,670 
3,438 
5,768 
2,578 
1,794 

31,210 



17,926 
2,789 
1,150 
2,306 
1,617 
1,257 
4,165 



36,029 



2,181 
15,374 
5,105 
1,885 
4,001 

730 
2,546 

327 
3,880 



1'7.4 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dolldrj) 



6,056 

1,914 

576 

7,445 



15,649 



1,296 

7,961 

2,863 

937 

406 

503 

1,098 

585 

11,856 



6,954 

1,332 

571 

856 

566 

1,557 



6,870 



611 
2,333 

727 
1,025 

686 
(x) 

471 
(x) 

568 

4,097 



1,940 
173 
223 
547 

313 
272 
629 



4,935 



416 
2,268 
679 
557 
346 
365 
165 
137 

2,838 



1,604 
222 

73 
251 
130 
134 
424 



4,336 



257 
2,105 
629 
262 
431 

62 
188 

17 
365 



Active 
propn- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(?^um- 
ber) 



26 
131 
53 
16 

27 

7 

24 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. IS 



r 

Em- 
ployees Pay roll 

(Hum- 
ber) 



9,661 



1,208 
512 
95 



3,439 



303 
1,433 
710 
281 
111 
162 
275 
164 

2,352 



1,209 
329 
145 
157 
151 
361 



127 
463 
183 
276 
169 



(x) 

1 
(x) 



200 
847 



376 
27 
92 

74 

72 
57 
149 



1,250 



100 
499 
163 
153 
93 
138 
39 
45 



327 
54 
21 
45 
30 
49 

117 



1,538 



92 
686 
234 

81 
169 

33 

95 



(Dollars) 



101,667 
37,044 
10,085 

128,731 



283,733 



20,233 
138,064 

54, 102 

19,466 
8,264 
8,604 

25,250 
9,728 

213,203 



120,994 
25,436 

10,079 

14,288 

9,169 

33,237 



122,552 



13,431 

38,170 
14,549 
19,537 
11,970 
(x) 
7,732 
(x) 
12,761 

71,535 



31,778 
2,739 
5,422 
9,175 

6,016 
4,778 
11,627 



86,823 



7,224 
38,064 
13,725 
9,863 
6,501 
8,026 
2,818 
2,602 

49,891 



26,911 
5,346 
1,370 
4,072 
2,205 
2,079 
7,906 



87,242 



4,863 
42,304 
11,696 
4,906 
9,023 
1,561 
4,563 
315 
7,807 



2.26 



WHOLESALE TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of business, 

salessi^c group, 

geographic division,3nd 

metropoliun area 



Esab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Mum- 
bcr) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
doilfiTs) 



Oper 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
3f salei 



Pay roll, 
entrre 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(J^um- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



Kind of business, 

sales-sise group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
Ush- 
ments 



(Hum- 
ber) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 

ating 

ex- 
penses 

(Inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors," 
Novem- 
ber 

(Num- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



r 

Em- 
ployees Pjy roll 



(Hum- 
ber) 



(Dollars) 



DRUOS, CHEMICALS— Con. 

Industrial chemicals — 
Continued 

Under $200,000— Con. 

1-^ metro, areas, total*. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oajcland, 

Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Hd 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.. 
Buffalo, N. Y 

Paints, varnishes, 
total 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total,... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

Other d iv is ions 

K metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total. . . . 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total.. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, III 

Boston, Mass. 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total.... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central. 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total.. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.. 

Other metro, areas 



183 
31 
32 
20 
7 
16 



1,267 



21,618 



11,466 

1,888 
1,733 
1,714 
282 
1,036 

339 
449 
957 
488 
598 
251 
87 
330 



220,436 



1,687 
327 
148 
147 
37 
143 

38 
34 
117 
39 
46 



27,656 



106 
19 
25 
10 



39,979 



5,346 



11,002 
9,257 
6,288 
5,656 
7,776 

15,799 



42,731 



914 

2,023 

647 

710 

1,052 

2,009 



5,641 



561 
110 
61 
39 
12 
40 

16 
13 
42 
11 
28 
9 
1 
24 



8,505 



1.383 



191 
508 
211 
M2 
331 



3,902 
11,207 
9,661 
5,275 
3,669 
4,368 
2,796 
1,853 

18,536 



501 
1,294 
1,511 
762 
473 
507 
323 
270 

2,217 



136 
398 
468 
206 
117 
161 
56 
79 



4,080 
2,969 
2,353 
2,322 
2,101 
4,711 



67,530 



391 
405 
299 
350 
201 
571 



9,104 



6,103 
18,592 
20,227 
6,454 
6,319 
1,205 
2,990 
1,407 
4,233 



988 

2,395 

2,787 

1,146 

683 

138 

304 

203 

460 

4,358 



325 
682 
795 

317 
203 

38 
110 

78 
120 



10,925 

4,187 

2,564 

913 

1,895 

816 
1,352 
1,460 
2,592 

2,513 
2,182 
1,827 



1,289 
596 
330 
166 
253 

33 
245 
321 
332 
216 
391 
186 



354 
173 



106 
53 



57,110 



33,245 
6,256 
3,612 
3,168 
829 
2,634 

751 
711 

2,163 

862 

945 

348 

50 

1,536 



519,814 



98.208 



17,361 
33,993 
12,432 
12,485 
21,937 

35,572 



105,840 



9,394 
23,588 
30,295 
14,245 
9,352 
9,359 
4,356 
5,251 

42,801 



115 


6,851 


155 


8,962 


67 


5,707 


100 


7,221 


73 


4,535 


122 


9,525 



18, 

50, 

1, 

6 



3,872 

12,520 
5,901 
3,355 

4,217 

719 
4,008 
4,605 
6,500 
4,524 
7,726 
2,715 



DRUGS, 0HH1ICALS— Con, 

Paints, varnishes — 
Continued 

Under $200,000 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain. 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total, 

Ne« York -Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif , 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St, Louis, Ho 

Washington, D, C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md, 

Minneapolis-St, Paul, Minn, 
Buffalo, N. Y 



Tobacco and products 
(exc. leaf), total,, 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total,,, 

New England 

Middle Atlantic , 

East North Central , 

West North Central , 

South Atlantic , 

Other divisions , 

14 metro, areas, total, 

New York -Northeastern New 

Jersey. , 

Chicago, 111, , 

Other metro, areas 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total,. i 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York -Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass, 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St . Loui s , Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md. 

Minneapolis-St, Paul, Minn, 
Buffalo, N. Y 



53 


4,551 


276 


20,556 


246 


18,037 


68 


4,974 


70 


5,590 


34 


2,338 


53 


3,896 


21 


1,743 


131 


8,511 



156 


11,770 


82 


6,056 


41 


3,045 


37 


2,773 


26 


2,260 


18 


1,717 


33 


2,368 


10 


779 


15 


978 


7 


771 


28 


1,736 


13 


1,054 


U 


1,104 


16 


1,112 



52 
176 
154 
51 
69 
32 
54 
17 
76 



7,765 



2,833 



151,059 



37,533 



599 
2,117 
2,177 
478 
655 
290 
398 
203 
848 

4,070 



22 
186 
150 
58 
48 
15 
41 
14 
118 



213 
773 
747 
214 
231 
127 
163 
77 
288 

1,385 



11,251 
39,990 
40,945 
9,410 
12,509 
5,595 
8,475 
4,296 
18,538 

78,939 



2,490,226 



378,630 



29,113 
127,634 
34,338 
35,209 
59,230 
43,106 

238,116 



88,030 
38,947 
111,139 



102,444 
335,680 
294,453 
90,398 
131,384 
64,747 
97,633 
33,622 
134,817 

533,783 



163,635 
67,951 
34,168 
41,704 
34,482 
27,281 

31,031 
20,327 
19,630 
14, 112 
27,441 
21,281 
12,387 
17,853 



1,120 
837 
324 
313 
244 
217 

218 
80 
81 
72 
203 
110 
104 
142 



74,586 



104 
44 
35 
28 
19 
3 



13.219 



1,258 
4,588 
2,511 
1,202 
2,404 
1,256 

7,416 



2,765 
1,096 
3,555 



38,035 



2,544 
8,911 
10,394 
2,715 
4,165 
1,310 
2,593 
1,137 
3,756 

14,438 



3,609 
2,185 

731 
1,111 
1,221 

545 

857 
784 
540 
495 
1,011 
556 
289 
504 



2,609 



20 
169 
106 
43 
44 
26 
29 
8 
73 



396 
253 
111 
108 
83 
77 

66 
30 
39 
26 
67 
38 
41 
50 



25,877 



21,161 
U,819 
7,969 
5,782 
5,792 
4,316 

4,333 
1,461 
1,590 
1,369 
3,675 
1,832 
1,996 
2,844 



1,411,956 



3,742 



227.493 



397 
1,279 
628 
375 
705 
358 

2,012 



22,518 
83,370 
44,244 
16,987 
38,507 
21,867 

124.905 



772 
290 
950 



12,588 



52,930 
20,571 
51,404 



722.189 



899 

2,915 

3,120 

948 

1,432 

706 

941 

479 

1,148 

4,267 



1,034 
589 
232 
418 
325 
183 

229 
239 
178 
146 
249 
173 
112 
160 



47,302 
167,572 
194,400 
52,731 
76,320 
34,047 
53,742 
22,657 
73,408 

269.849 



66,960 
44,333 
14,027 
18,928 
23,343 
9,259 

16,520 
15,514 
10,290 
8,471 
17,345 
9,656 
5,360 
9,832 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.27 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusiness, 

salessise group, 

geographic divisioaand 

mecropohcan area 



Estab- 
lish' 
ments 



{Hum- 
ber) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollaTi) 



Oper 

ating 
ex- 
penses 

(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

pCT' 

cent 
of sale! 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri' 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Mum- 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

{Hum- 



Pay roll 



{Dollars) 



Kind of business^ 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropobtan area 



Estab- 
Ush- 
ments 



(Hum- 
_berL 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Xhousand 
dollaTs) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 

(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

{Hum- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



r 

Em- 
ployees Pay roll 

(Hum- 



(Dollars) 



lOBiiCCO— Continued 

Tobacco and products 
{exc, leaf) — Con, 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass , 

San Francisco-OaJiland, 
CaUf 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St, Paul, Minn.. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total.... 

New England. 

Middle Atlantic 

Sast North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain. 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total.. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass................ 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Buffalo. N. Y 

Other metro, areas.......... 

Under $200,000 

United States, total.... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central ., 

West North Central......... . 

South Atlantic 

East South Central...,, 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 



14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey...........,,,., .,., 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif , 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass , 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo,.....,,,...,, 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md , 

Buffalo, N, Y 

Other metro, areas..,,,,,.. 



77 
129 
168 
83 
76 
23 
63 
28 
41 



71 
222 
132 
72 
77 
39 
104 
29 
63 



58 
213 
110 
61 
64 
15 
63 
23 
42 



467,449 



14,275 



5,467 



53,450 
92,849 
120,405 
58,861 
53,982 
16,550 
43,501 
18,205 
29,646 

124,752 



33,515 
20,409 
6,096 
9,907 
10,201 
10,581 

4,706 
3,205 
4,458 
2,736 
4,601 
5,508 
3,672 
5,157 



269,415 



22,389 
74,086 
44,405 
23,141 
24,902 
14,228 
34,683 
10,340 
20,741 

73,608 



69 


23,472 




16 


5,131 




10 


3,240 




29 


9,153 




11 


4,007 




18 


5,892 




11 


3,390 




20 


7,109 




7 


1,859 




7 


2,368 




9 


2,867 




9 


3,142 




7 


1,978 





69,554 



5,853 
21,568 
12,289 
6,590 
7,730 
1,698 
6,780 
2,674 
4,372 

23,894 



84 


8,019 




19 


1,877 




15 
38 


1,681 
3,642 




13 


1,357 




14 


1,686 




5 


569 




15 


1,687 




6 


444 




9 


915 




16 


1,663 




8 


354 





1,539 

2,499 

3,727 

1,864 

1,728 

480 

1,097 

515 

826 

3,118 



38 
117 
142 
76 
72 
29 
53 
20 
47 



697 
487 
176 
250 
260 
383 

61 
64 
145 
81 
165 
161 
72 
96 



7,049 



589 
1,846 
1,246 
716 
661 
332 
868 
304 
487 

1,671 



425 
179 

54 
216 

57 
177 

69 

213 

38 

36 

73 
64 
68 



2,006 



U5 
488 
508 
222 

220 
35 

174 
95 
131 



259 
145 
47 
78 
27 
38 
4 
34 
5 
21 
18 
20 



590 

937 

1,333 

7a 

678 
227 
462 
204 
295 

1,166 



56 
248 
135 
70 
91 
50 
108 
23 
70 



51 
239 

102 
56 
55 

15 
54 
23 



246 
179 
71 
102 

74 

133 

23 
35 
71 
23 
60 
77 
37 
37 



253 
766 
523 
309 
311 
172 
404 
127 
179 



155 
59 
25 

100 
23 
71 

26 
94 
17 
17 
31 
24 
32 



1,034 



74 
271 
210 
122 
U9 

29 
106 



120 
53 
23 
31 
16 
24 
2 
22 
3 
12 



277,780 



29,869 
49,042 
69,635 
36,061 
33,904 
9,229 
21,622 
10,351 
18,067 

62,731 



14,011 
9,500 
4,475 
4,498 
4,358 
7,685 

1,343 
1,616 
3,523 
1,475 
3,212 
3,553 
1,674 
1,608 



U9,652 



11,187 
34,124 
24,760 
14,079 
14,370 

6,932 
17,225 

6,161 
10,794 

33,297 



8,373 
3,335 
1,523 
4,188 
1,187 
3,431 

1,267 
4,179 
763 
725 
1,448 
1,090 
1,788 



44,842 



2,873 
12,301 
9,052 
4,905 
4,856 
975 
4,072 
2,349 
3,459 

16,000 



5,975 
2,710 
1,100 
2,069 

711 
884 
60 
701 
175 
335 
557 
703 



DRY GOODS, APPAREL 

Clothing, furnishings 
(general line), total 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

East South Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas..... 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic......,,,,.. 

East South Central 

West South Central........ 

Pacific ,,,,,, 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Hortheastem New 

Jersey, 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St, Louis, Mo 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total,. 

New Qigland 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic , , 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

St, Louis, Mo, 

Baltimore, Md. ..,...,. ..... 

Other metro, areas 

Men's, boys' clothing, 
furnishings, total,. 



$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total, . . 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New . 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Other metro, areas... ...... 



160,556 



13.1 11,811 



74,602 



11,937 
29,485 
14,367 
7,222 
11,591 

47,C07 



35,397 



9,536 
2,639 
2,320 
5,323 
4,372 
5,374 
2,863 
2,970 

11,006 



35,650 



9 


2,701 


30 


9,177 


21 


6,680 


8 


2,708 


21 


7,438 


11 


2,640 


9 


2,740 


5 


1,566 



17 


5,349 


5 


1,735 


3 


994 


4 


1,166 


6 


1,648 


3 


875 


4 


1,2U 


7 


2,278 



14.907 



8 


936 


71 


6,874 


20 


2,296 


5 


679 


11 


1,429 


9 


1,165 


8 


1,085 


4 


421 



4,322 
665 

1,739 
264 
447 
396 
736 



391,835 



123,030 
17,236 
16,515 

139,637 



111,146 
10,164 
16,327 



13,0 



5.712 



925 
2,029 
1,172 

381 
1,205 

3,710 



832 
135 
258 
454 
235 
409 
165 
175 



187 
543 
631 
174 
519 
151 
200 



1,0U 



354 

165 
40 
34 

156 
49 
98 

115 



45 
431 
187 



328 
106 
64 
25 

47 
13 
44 



29.089 



11-773 



9,337 
1,222 

1,214 



8,294 

712 
1,463 



1.226 



1.357 



234 
385 
332 

105 
301 



211 


14,322 


30 


2,269 


84 


5,397 


123 


6,511 


74 


3,746 


123 


7,801 


47 


3,386 


62 


3,665 



49 
223 
201 
42 
250 
56 
68 
24 



153 
51 
11 
18 
36 
14 
21 



21 
170 
80 
23 
36 
36 
32 



122 
42 
28 



7.913 



2,684 



2,031 
353 
250 



1,671 
222 
291 



217,727 



100.553 



10,047 
39,180 
20,535 
7,505 
23,286 

64,029 



49,099 



17,573 



48,834 



3,4U 
11,492 
12,239 

3,435 

10,370 
2,605 
3,439 
1,640 

20,137 



7,624 

2,875 

7U 

735 

2,300 

923 

2,060 

2,207 



19.241 



365 

8,675 
3,514 
1,104 
1,605 
1,408 
1,683 
387 

21,341 



6,736 
2,002 
1,168 
472 
883 
250 
330 



164,730 
27,714 
19,574 

186,549 



147,900 
16,261 
22,386 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2.28 



WHOLESALE TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of business, 

sales-sue group, 

geographic iJ]vision,and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Num. 
he) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



pcnsc3 

(inc. 

pay 

roll) as 

per' 

cent 

(Thousand ^( ^\ 

dollars) 



Oper 

ating 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Num 
bcr) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
bcr) 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 
ber) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dolldrs} 



Oper- 
ating 

ex- 
penses 

(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per- 
cent 
of salej 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(T^um- 
her) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, wortwcek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

M 



Pay roll 



(Dollari) 



DRY GOODS, APPAREL— Con. 

Men ' s, boys ' clothing, 
furnishings — Con. 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total,,. 

New England , 

Middle Atlantic , 

East North Central , 

West North Central 

South Atlantic , . , 

East South Central , 

West South Central , 

Pacific , 

lA metro, areas, total,, 

New York -Northeastern New 
Jersey , 

Chicago, 111 , 

San Francisco-Oalcland, 
Calif , 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Other metro, areas 



$200,000— $A 99,999 
United States, total. 



New England 

Middle Atlantic,.,. 
East North Central, 
West North Central, 

South Atlantic 

East South Central. 
West South Central, 

Mountain 

Pacific 



14- metro, areas, total. 

New York -Nor the astern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass, 

San Francisco-Oailand, 

Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St, Louis, Mo, 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore , Md 

Minneapolis-fit, Paul, Mirm, 
Other metro, areas 



Under $200,000 
United States, total. 



New England 

Middle Atlantic,... 
East North Central, 
West North Central. 

South Atlantic 

East South Central,. 
West South Central, 

Mountain. 

Pacific 



14 metro, areas, total,. 

New York -Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass, 



San Francisco-Oaitland, 

Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St, Louis, Mo 

Washington, D, C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md , 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn.. 
Buffalo, N, Y 



20 


6,780 


in 


45,993 


.45 


15,085 


21 


6,608 


22 


6,816 


6 


1,809 


5 


1,082 


4 


1,296 


2.4 


7,071 



412 
73 
36 

60 
12 
35 



70,570 



5,592 



4 


2,894 


45 


31,885 


23 


15,553 


8 


5,071 


6 


4,193 


3 


1,892 


5 


2,881 


8 


6,201 



55,000 



210 
2,482 
1,281 
338 
331 
104 
296 
550 

4,457 



26,754 

8,373 

4,815 
2,708 
3,079 
1,781 
2,401 
5,089 



92,540 



2,139 
748 

444 
168 
242 
88 
241 
337 



7,284 



701 

3,544 

1,154 

422 

604 

155 

40 

88 

576 

5,837 



112 


35,457 


22 


7,740 


9 


2,794 


10 


3,545 


17 


5,869 


9 


2,635 


11 


3,588 


6 


2,276 


6 


1,838 


11 


3,232 


6 


1,933 


7 


2,396 



2,685 
519 
238 
368 

615 

222 

242 
134 
178 
289 
81 
166 



4,440 



68 


5,024 


31 


38,810 


38 


11,222 


35 


3,161 


71 


5,326 


19 


1,811 


24 


1,903 


4 


294 


62 


4,391 



313 
2,324 
730 
196 
275 
139 
164 
7 
292 



54,972 



29,201 
6,032 
2,209 
4,545 
899 
2,568 

1,501 

1,923 

1,127 

461 

1,608 

1,776 

904 

168 



1,859 
388 

100 

200 

51 

216 

162 
85 
71 
47 
85 
81 
40 
39 



4 
123 
35 
17 
18 



47 
506 

127 
30 
81 
20 
27 
4 
74 



1,356 



1,038 



449 
157 



18 
102 
73 



193 
958 
314 
144 
210 
44 
22 
28 
207 



677 
147 

116 
103 
167 



57 
44 
110 
26 

51 



123 

906 

254 

80 

112 

61 

72 

4 

141 

1,316 



636 
137 
57 
95 



101,413 



54 


4,439 


561 


45,437 


278 


23,150 


57 


5,051 


144 


5,261 


45 


1,800 


80 


5,180 


137 


11,045 



32,083 



39,660 
13,346 

9,032 

3,327 
4,082 
1,990 
4,045 
6,601 



140,303 



1J,260 
67,323 
22,899 

8,112 
10,833 

2,975 
828 

1,570 
12,503 

111,928 



50, 152 
10,728 
6,695 
7,233 
10,122 

4,605 
4,704 
3,599 
3,554 
5,099 
1,536 
3,901 



90,108 



5,549 
47,357 
13,363 
3,667 
5,443 
2,753 
3,822 
145 
7,004 



33,090 
7,254 
3,023 
4,314 

1,004 
3,873 

3,269 

1,776 

1,140 

903 

1,679 

1,509 

787 

965 



DRY GOODS, APPAREL— Con. 

Women ' s, children ' s 
clothing, furnish- 
ings, total 



$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total,,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Other metro, areas ■ 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total,, • 

New England, 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111. , 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, Calif. 

St. Louis, Mo 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total,, , 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, Calif, 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St, Louis, Mo 

Baltijnore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 
Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 
United States, total.,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111. 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass • 

San Francisco-Oakland, Calif. 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St, Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn, 
Buffalo, N. Y 



1,336 



29 
173 
39 
25 
19 



27 
275 



152 
30 
11 
12 
26 
5 
9 



417,181 



32,008 



8,104 



156,475 



11,083 
103, 184 
23,037 
14,116 

137.512 



100,902 
16,589 
20,021 



83,393 



7,797 
46,740 
8,406 
5,199 
4,594 
7,887 
2,770 

70,991 



39,263 
4,332 
4,201 
6,663 
3,881 
1,982 

10,669 



103,803 



9,945 
56,896 
12,382 
9,033 
5,861 
2,109 
1,979 
1,221 
8,827 

89,636 



49,003 
9,958 
4,016 
3,432 
3,736 
1,439 
2,762 
3,382 
1,637 
2,947 
1,824 



63,510 



46 


3,910 


536 


41,252 


86 


8,163 


23 


2,238 


36 


3,632 


14 


1,023 


12 


1,198 


12 


800 


90 


6,294 


736 


53,937 


476 


35,864 


45 


4,406 


59 


4,073 


34 


2,673 


9 


1,031 


31 


2,763 


27 


2,108 


8 


972 


8 


796 


15 


1,224 


11 


1,543 


8 


881 


5 


603 



11,778 



2,244 



641 
8,315 
1,934 

888 

10,824 



152 

1,458 

406 

228 

1,999 



8,151 
1,345 
1,328 



6.854 



653 

4,204 

613 

452 
228 
521 
183 

5,871 



3,754 
242 

240 
521 
298 
107 
709 



8,329 



365 

3,923 

961 

843 

408 

34 

105 

102 

1,038 

7,036 



3,528 
804 
631 
206 

733 
127 
150 
400 

30 
293 

34 



5,047 



306 

3,120 

534 

203 

213 

80 

37 

52 

447 

■i.331 



2,837 
309 
273 
136 
59 
191 
163 
42 
62 
70 
113 
43 
33 



8 

168 
37 
16 



131 
24 
10 
18 



30 
432 
39 
17 
38 
6 
10 
12 
39 



409 
42 
59 
40 

3 
13 
23 
11 

5 
18 

9 



1,432 
261 

306 



1,552 



147 
909 
150 
128 

56 
116 

46 

1,269 



743 
48 
93 

110 
57 
30 

208 



2,306 



222 
1,060 
255 
264 
149 
39 
36 
24 
257 

1,387 



9U 

193 

149 
72 

190 
37 
63 

122 
29 
90 
31 



2,002 



144 
1,143 

235 
96 
86 
41 
46 
23 

138 

1,641 



1,012 
113 
123 
66 
43 
78 
61 
17 
27 
35 
35 
17 
14 



587,574 



199,492 



12,337 

134,792 

35,260 

17, 103 

180,980 



131,672 
24,496 
24,310 



126,353 



11,551 
80,193 
10,317 
3,698 
3,135 
8,300 
3,609 

106,694 



71,423 
4,062 
4,965 
8,967 
4,682 
1,666 

12,929 



156,603 



15,727 

72,102 

13,037 

15,801 

8,199 

1,718 

2,171 

1,405 

21,396 

131,598 



64,667 
14,687 
12,847 
3,873 
13,225 
2,431 
2,326 
7,356 
1,634 
5,334 
2,163 



105,116 



6,533 
65,316 
11,224 
3,633 
4,207 
1,635 
1,966 
1,075 
9,477 

90.427 



60,051 

6,023 

5,609 

2,375 

1,911 

3,515 

3,522 

805 

1,363 

1,491 

2,177 

665 

695 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.29 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of business. 

sales-si^e group, 

geographic division.and 

metropobtan area 



DRY GOODS, APPAREL— Con. 

Furs (dressed), fur 
clothljig, total .... 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States 

lA metro, areas 

$500,000— $999, 9W 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Other metro . areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total, 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago 111 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Minneapolis-St, Paul, Minn. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

Millinery, millinery 
supplies, total 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States 

14 metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$200 , 000— $499 , 999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 



Esub- 

lish- 

mencs 



(Num- 
ber) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollara) 



Oper 

ating 

ex' 

penscs 
(inc. 
pay 

roll) as 
pet- 
cent 

ai salei 



15 

232 

52 

n 
ji 



218 
40 
18 



57,903 
57,903 



7.9 
7.9 



23,953 
3,315 
3,511 



28,473 11.1 



21,097 
3,315 
4,061 



35,221 



2,177 

22,819 

7,087 

1,900 

1,238 

33,918 



22,067 
5,764 
2,177 

741 
3,169 



28,753 



1,510 

18,026 
5,428 
1,438 
2,351 

27,769 



16,986 
4,195 
1,372 
751 
357 
1,472 

715 

487 

1,125 

152 
157 



102,360 13.1 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollari) 



1,812 
1,812 



24,641 
24,641 



1-,139 
2,203 
.?,024 



31,6 



70 


22.542 


13 


3,958 


5 


1,484 


4 


895 


6 


1,733 


3 


1,016 



13.0 

13.0 



1,180 
271 
229 

1,542 



1,033 
271 
238 



2,115 



126 

1,198 

602 

84 

105, 

2,031 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Num- 
bcr) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Num. 
be>) 



350 
350 



250 
52 



1,133 
319 
126 



106 
729 
396 
95 

156 

1.368 



659 
268 
107 
37 
21 
106 



1,424 
1,424 



1,390 
418 

187 



3,553 



2,483 
350 
227 

100 
253 

140 



253 
60 
15 
32 



218 
52 
50 



35 
281 

157 
23 
38 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



267 
74 
35 



256 
126 
41 

54 



217 
85 
38 
16 



304 
304 



336 
95 

48 

479 



666 
110 
57 
42 

78 
50 



34,495 
34,495 



24,912 
4,852 

4,367 



22,350 
4,852 
4,542 



39,666 



2,520 
22,691 

10,370 
1,924 
2,161 

37,961 



21,587 
4,812 
2,520 

755 

8,287 



32,877 



2,420 
15,388 
9,446 
2,073 
3,550 

30,800 



13,578 
7,006 
2,604 
342 
628 
2,420 

777 

892 

1,583 



177,655 



30,862 

30,862 



33,273 



23,069 
7,290 
2,914 



64,691 



45,682 
5,991 
3,893 
1,987 
4,683 
2,455 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic Jivision,and 

metropolitan area 



DRY coons, APPAREL— Con. 

Millinery, millinery 
supplies — Continued 

$200 , 000— $499 , 999— Con . 



14 



;tro. areas, total. 



New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 
United States, total. . 



New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central. 
West North Central. 

South Atlantic 

East South Central. 
West South Central. 

Mountain 

Pacific 



14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-hortneastem New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa. . . . ■. 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 



Shoes, other ftxjtwear, 
total 



$1,000,000 and Over 
United States, total.. 



New England 

Middle Atlantic... . 
East North Central. 

South Atlantic 

Other divisions.... 



14 metro, areas, total. 
New York-Northeastern Mew 

Jersey 

Boston, Mass 

Other metro, areas 



$500,000— $999,999 
United States, total. 



New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central. 
West North Central. 

South Atlantic 

West South Central. 

Pacific 

Other divisions.... 



14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern new 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

St. Louis, Mo 

Baltimore, Md 

Other metro, areas 



$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total, 

Ne'W England 

Middle Atlantic , 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 



Estab- 
lish- 
tncnts 



(Num- 



10 
197 
49 
25 



183 

26 
14 
6 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



21,929 
2,774 



950 
3,884 



24,673 



595 

15,011 

3,602 

1,986 

254 

339 

626 

671 

1,589 

21,252 



13,567 
1,977 
769 
709 
515 
546 

591 
362 
855 
417 
576 
242 
126 



247, 388 



115,697 12.9 



Opef 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thoujand 
dollars) 



2,415 
209 



167 
467 



53 

1,540 

445 

224 

14 
15 
45 
72 
186 



47,391 
29,697 
10,455 
9,977 
18,177 

77,737 



18,425 
38,078 
21,234 



56,020 



6,929 
14,481 
7,407 
5,874 
13,419 
2,023 
3,880 
2,007 

42, 137 



11,677 
3,936 
4,327 
7,233 

14,964 



47,930 



7,916 

17,901 

6,304 

5,998 

3,939 

945 

981 

732 

3,214 



1,443 
318 
107 
4. 
22 
50 

54 
43 
96 
36 
56 



17,041 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(Xum- 
hc) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



^ I 
Em- I 
ployees Pay roll 



(Hum- 
ber) 



189 
38 
20 



24 
263 



165 
20 



,330 



3,030 

2,290 

813 

754 

1,443 

5,344 



1,441 
2,249 
1,654 



4,246 



539 
1,182 
437 
523 
897 
129 
353 
186 

3,074 



911 
189 
409 
390 

1,175 



3,168 



674 

1,063 

459 

319 
180 
64 

165 
•1 

173 



629 
70 



54 
154 



25 
577 
155 

95 



525 
105 
46 
31 

11 



550 
462 
220 
162 
340 

1,032 



(Dollars) 



262 

390 
380 



137 

237 

120 

174 

252 

39 

81 

32 



186 
60 
122 

119 
292 



129 
290 
115 

10^ 
72 



44,162 
3,808 



3,148 

8,561 



48,829 



971 

30,078 

7,438 

4,058 

279 

289 

981 

1,150 

3,585 

43,031 



26,084 
5,192 
2,146 
1,126 
382 
921 

976 

693 
1,503 

692 

1,141 

45 

130 



133,089 



45,528 
37, 579 
14,485 
10,735 
24, 762 

88,734 



23,491 
35,245 
29,998 



74 , 747 



8,920 
18, 982 
8,139 
9,274 
17,850 
2,632 
5,352 
3,588 

51,497 



14,993 
3,666 
5,234 
6,474 

21,130 



58,939 



10,856 
20,717 
7,861 
6,233 
3,913 
1,110 
3,008 
1,376 
3,865 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2.80 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Tabic 2B.-SALES SIZE -SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Pbrsonnel 



Kind of Ibusiness, 

sales-sisc group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum 
bcr) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 

ating 
ex- 
penses 

(inc. 

pay 

oil) as 
per' 

cent 
of sale; 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri' 
etors," 
Novem- 
ber 



(>(uTn- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workvi^eek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

{Hum- 
her) 



Pay roll 



(Doitors) 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,3nd 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 
ber) 



Sates, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 

dollflTi) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollaTs) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

{Hum- 
her) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Num- 



Pay roll 
(Dollars) 



DRY GOODS, APPAREL— Con. 

Shoes, other foot- 
wear — Continued 

$200,000— $499 , 999— Con . 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York -Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 
Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 
United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York -Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

St, Louis, Mo 

Baltimore , Md 

Minneapolis-St, Paul, Minn, 
Other metro, areas 

Work clothing, total, 
$1,000,000 and Over 
United States 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

West North Central 

Other divisions 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York -Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Other metro . areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 



14 metro, areas, total. 

New York -Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago , I 11 

Los Angeles, Calif 6 

Philadelphia, Pa 7 

Boston, Mass 4 

San Francisco-Oakland, Calif. 5 

St. Louis, Mo 3 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore , Md 

Other metro, areas 

See footnotes at end of table. 



30 


9,284 


8 


3,017 


13 


-i.iie 


3 


713 


19 


5,371 


5 


1,652 


13 


4,0U 


■4 


1,317 


15 


4,873 



100 
140 
31 
17 
13 
14 
18 
12 



35,157 



27,741 



7,797 
11,796 
2,390 
1,482 
1,165 

984 
1,337 

790 

20,802 



6,693 
842 

1,097 

3,802 
269 

5,743 
960 
467 
368 
561 



7,703 



2,846 
1,804 
3,053 



16,343 



4 


1,117 


9 


5,639 


9 


2,845 


4 


1,308 


7 


2,011 


5 


1,523 


5 


1,900 



8,585 



3,276 

777 

4,532 



10.770 



931 
3,375 
1,630 
1,503 

609 

800 
1,166 

756 

6.035 



2,257 
704 
433 
672 
299 
548 
232 
284 
241 
373 



2,248 



629 
236 
206 

70 
489 

75 
190 



1,297 



415 
507 
163 
60 
30 
33 
57 
32 



290 
49 
54 

138 
2 

330 
47 
4 
11 
29 

2,062 



123 
28 

149 



58 
363 
138 

82 

104 
92 

140 



242 

24 

265 



78 
159 
20 
17 
13 
13 
19 
14 

255 



145 
52 
64 
16 
91 
29 
63 
28 
82 



132 
226 
63 
20 
20 
18 
28 
24 



134 
21 
27 
62 
2 
98 
14 
2 
5 



20 
102 
44 
15 
39 
23 
56 



12,276 
4,319 
3,792 
956 
7,794 
1,770 
3. 860 
1,533 
5,454 



27,386 



7,852 
11,193 

3,475 

1,230 
635 
739 

1,576 
686 

20,798 



7,154 

1,265 

1,541 

2,632 

45 

6,387 

910 

120 

285 

459 

39,771 



5,970 



5.333 



2,225 

576 

2,532 



17,938 



1,076 
6,185 
2,621 
1,557 
1,956 
1,513 
3,030 

9,540 



3,870 

451 

5,219 



10,530 



429 
2.128 
2,356 
1,644 

570 
1,447 

875 
1,081 

4,489 



1,515 
861 
259 
344 
71 
568 
176 
194 
214 
287 



DRY GOODS, APPJUffil— Con. 



Dry gcMds (general 
line), total 



$5,000,000 and Over 
United States 



$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Philadelphia, Pa 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Other metro . areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro . areas 

Under $500,000 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

Hosiery, underwear, 
total 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

Other divisions 



$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

Other dlvis ions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Philadelphia , Pa 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 



110 
11 
5 
6 
6 
5 
4 



35,930 



9,723 



192 ,015 



16,318 



17,309 



4,409 



4,590 



40,118 
20,705 
22,414 
27,350 
25,380 
31,720 
17,094 
6,734 

61,473 



3,381 
1,738 
1,823 
2,523 
2,373 
2,867 
2,019 
585 

5,624 



860 
465 
542 
626 
654 
807 
488 
148 

1,372 



21,179 
7,950 



8,042 
24,307 



30,871 



1,657 
749 



1,454 
1,764 



1,934 



354 
255 



362 
401 



3,308 
6,807 
6,977 
5,554 
4,037 
1,809 
2,369 

11,390 



5,730 



296 


1 


77 


241 


6 


60 


476 


9 


136 


305 


3 


U6 


3U 


12 


97 


153 




58 


152 


... 


44 



1,533 
609 

2,785 
444 
409 

1,130 



U2 
25 
178 



3,103 



76,231 



64,569 
U,662 



35,597 



3,409 
725 



2,189 



799 

U3 



25,791 
4,378 
1,776 
3,652 

31,223 



1,530 
343 
128 
183 

1,947 



447 
90 
36 
49 



18,808 
3,133 
4,912 
4,370 



48,279 



1,268 
262 
171 
246 



369 
75 
59 
56 



35,508 
4,120 
1,603 
2,089 
1,845 
1,840 
1,274 



,585 


103 


517 


414 


10 


125 


79 


6 


30 


113 


4 


31 


99 


3 


34 


107 


9 


36 


86 


2 


26 



CfO •3-100360 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.31 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE-SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS^GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusincss. 

sales-sise group, 

geographic division, and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Num- 
ber) 



entire 
year 



(^Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 

ating 

e%' 

pensea 

(inc. 

pay 

roll) as 

per' 

cent 

j{ sale; 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Num- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 



Payroll 



(DoUaTs) 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division.and 

metropolitan area 



Esrab- 
lish- 
ments 



{Hum- 
_bcr)_ 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of salt 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem' 
ber 

(>[um- 
hcr) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



r 

Em- 
ployees Pay roll 

(Mum- 
be) 



(DolUrs) 



DRY GOODS, APPAKEL— Con. 

Hosiery, underwear — 
Continued 

■ $200,000— $499,999— Con. 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Baltimore, Hd 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Other metro, areas 

Piece goods 
(jobbers), total.... 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 



$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United Stales, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Other metro . areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlaritic 

West South Central 

Pacific. 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Mlnneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Other metro, areas 



16 
254 
57 
12 
32 
14 
20 
9 



190 
36 

17 

51 



6 

126 

10 

3 



123 
5 



10 
182 

18 
6 
4 
5 

18 



167 
14 
13 
10 



2,044 



25,423 
2,638 

8,078 
1,452 
3,508 



32,914 



1,022 

326 

420 

70 

206 



180 
19 



1,354 
21,103 
4,196 
1,240 
2,034 

779 
1,510 

698 

27,734 



64 

1,015 

245 

101 
135 

46 
117 

41 



12 
231 
49 

a 

31 
14 



27 
415 
104 
31 
67 
38 
43 
15 



16,613 

2,692 

1,392 

3,595 

569 

614 

689 

249 

862 

459 



702 
162 

107 
214 
26 
23 
72 
24 
45 
34 



162 
30 

13 



262 

71 

35 

106 

10 

9 
21 

5 
19 
18 



176,515 



312,311 



13,449 
249,034 
21,219 
5,638 
7,047 
8,555 
7,369 

287,570 



14,777 



2,666 



455 
11,150 
1,500 
259 
433 
407 
573 

13,266 



81 

1,771 

348 

90 
128 
120 
128 

2,235 



243,966 

11,334 

8,555 

23,715 



172 . 178 



7,061 
129,872 

11,794 
4,374 
2,931 
3,921 

12,225 

159, 106 



10,864 

957 

407 

1,038 



10,294 



1,709 
213 
120 
193 



2,076 



529 
7,298 
873 
447 
249 
255 
643 

9,380 



133 

11 



11 
155 



87 
1,380 
214 
122 
66 
70 
137 

1,836 



120,098 
9,394 
8,685 
7,047 
5,858 

2,440 
2,138 
3,446 



6,619 
729 
526 

410 
430 



252 

326 



126 
10 



1,213 
175 
106 
106 
68 

19 



18,392 
5,627 
8,295 
1,173 
3,968 



34,042 



1,179 
19,454 
4,955 
1,742 
2,547 
1,033 
2,310 
822 

26,805 



13,364 

3,195 

2,101 

4,237 

454 

278 

1,153 

500 

869 

654 



64,946 



256,060 



6,620 
189,826 

25,325 
5,589 
9,532 
8,376 

10, 812 

226,284 



186,136 
16,625 
8,376 
15,147 



180,308 



8,638 
125,397 

15,351 
8,912 
4,577 
5,182 

12,251 

163,580 



114,048 
12,823 
10.275 
6,S68 
7,222 

1,429 
5,233 
5,682 



DRY GOODS, APPAREL— Con. 
Piece goods — Con. 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total. . 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 
New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Bal timore , Md 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain -. 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolls-St. Paul, Minn, 

Other metro, areas 

Other dry gooas, 
notions, total 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United Stai,es, total.. 
Middle Atlantic 



14 metro, areas. 



$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Boston, Mass 

Other metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 



22 

354 

35 

12 



337 
25 



11 
118 

15 
3 
6 



153,607 



9,248 



2,244 



6,955 
114, 168 

11,452 
3,942 
2,593 
2,222 

10,161 
2,114 

141,215 



540 
6,564 

818 
201 
140 
90 
673 
222 

8,546 



244 
19 
10 
7 
5 
33 
1 



132 
1,520 

183 
73 
53 
38 

192 
53 

2,010 



108,532 
8,281 
8,419 
3,793 
6,148 
928 
909 
1,317 
2,838 



96,741 



6,196 
576 
556 
324 
495 
90 
39 
93 
177 



226 
13 
23 



1,435 
115 
155 
67 
123 
20 
10 
26 
59 



1,822 



3,485 
74,277 
6,312 
1,363 
2,899 

284 
1,238 

253 
6,630 

90,264 



4,236 

472 

104 

171 

34 

84 

6 

303 



23 
769 
68 

8 
33 

5 
10 

3 
68 



103 
1,300 
153 
38 
77 
17 
30 
2 
102 



70,182 
4,537 
4,593 
3,492 
567 
2,564 

1,307 
820 
266 

1,455 
333 
148 



595,301 



4,071 
317 
158 
148 
60 
208 

109 
76 
12 

104 
18 



715 
52 

50 
41 



1,842 



1,231 
98 
55 
60 

17 
61 



67,231 
67,231 



181, 147 



6,110 
6,110 



16,420 



1,486 
1,486 

3,257 



5,507 

145,079 

12,690 

11,280 

6,591 

t,7,106 



430 

13,158 

1,350 

892 

590 

15,144 



76 

2,598 

258 

130 

195 

2,929 



141,386 
7,463 
5,507 
12,750 



104,601 



7,643 
78,532 
9,249 
2,296 
3,857 
3,024 



12,877 

774 

430 

1,063 



9,537 



2,490 

141 

76 

222 



556 

7,408 
749 
240 
428 
156 



104 
,713 
154 
96 
127 



166,062 



8,831 
117,814 
13,993 
5,047 
2,695 
1,636 
12,404 
3,642 

153,338 



111,654 

10,177 

10,156 

5,321 

7,941 

1,569 

742 

2,564 

3,214 



108,886 



5,349 

80,268 

9,483 

2,245 

3,235 

677 

1,680 

96 

5,853 

100,346 



77,261 
6,246 
2,933 
2,685 
1,370 
3,582 

1,996 

1,681 

235 

1,865 

368 

122 



140,953 



140,953 
140,953 



300,674 



7,682 

239,040 

27,306 

13,933 

12,713 

278,776 



233,064 

18,713 

7,632 

19,317 



168,693 



9,478 
130,645 
13,537 
3,954 
8,238 
2,841 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2.32 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.-SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pav Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusincss, 

sales-sijc group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 
ber) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 

dollflTi) 



Oper 

ating 
ex- 
penses 

(inc. 

pay 

roll) as 

per' 

cent 
Df sale 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri' 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Hum- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(T^um- 
ber) 



Pay roll 



jDollars) 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 
_ber)_ 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(>[um- 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

No». 15 



Eco' 
ployeca 

Wum- 
M 



Pay roll 



(Dollaw) 



105 

10 
3 



295 
42 



259 

24 

31 

20 

3 

5 



DBY GOODS, APPAREL— Con. 

Other dry goods, 
notions — Con. 

$500, 000— $999, 999— Con . . 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey ' 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit , Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Piece goods , convert- 
ers, total 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States 

14 metro, areas 

$1 , 000 , 000— $4 , 999 , 999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions 



See footnotes at end of table. 



56 
967 
86 
32 
59 
32 
29 
15 
85 



882 

53 

62 

40 

3 



70,280 
6,053 
2,135 
3,437 
3,572 

1,722 
4,713 



140,842 



3,677 
93,324 
14,682 
3,790 
4,408 
3,600 
14,094 
3,267 

118.632 



81,369 
8,780 

10,051 
6,444 
1,101 
1,545 

2,355 
1,349 
1,640 
1,974 
964 
1,060 



101,480 



4,149 
70,779 
7,125 
2,579 
5,003 
2,016 
2,291 
1,183 
6,355 

86,509 



64,652 
4,582 
4,580 
3,300 
393 
3,078 

582 
971 
935 
271 
641 
1,210 
771 
543 



822,549 
822,549 



664,609 

20,024 

596,575 

11,972 

8,597 
19,604 

7,837 



6,693 
505 
324 
284 
213 

104 
318 



11,738 



1,529 

105 
91 



319 
8,161 
1,213 
287 
XI 
238 
926 
253 

9,953 



284 
33 
10 
9 
6 
46 
10 



103 
2,150 

420 
92 
81 
82 

291 
83 

2,721 



7,218 
772 
700 
464 
55 
160 

122 
51 
149 
135 



8,259 



243 
18 
36 

24 



1,281 



1,816 
261 
218 
188 
15 
45 

30 
25 
43 
31 
21 
28 



3,039 



396 
5,903 
437 
219 
344 
114 
137 
80 
629 



38 
904 
81 
33 
56 
38 
32 
24 
75 



155 

2,023 

165 

106 

145 

&4 

85 

40 

256 

2,522 



5,538 
308 
491 
179 
2 
259 

37 
71 
63 
21 
33 
106 
22 
23 



81,975 



815 
46 
52 
42 



1,862 

103 

201 

74 

1 

106 

16 
33 
29 
9 

16 
45 
10 
17 



34,055 
34,055 



31,959 



4,786 
4,786 



4,411 



913 
29,137 
479 
169 
1,022 
239 



2 

112 



156 

3,957 

4J 

67 

168 
22 



115,934 
9,154 
6,289 
4,817 
4,000 

1,949 
6,106 



219,838 



6,038 
150,161 

25,139 
5,021 
6,061 
5,032 

18,064 
4,322 

186,577 



132,490 
16,524 
12,612 
9,326 
848 
3,365 

2,996 
963 
2,389 
2,«)5 
1,245 
1,214 



163,435 



7,875 
113,957 
8,943 
4,661 
7,203 
2,556 
2,891 
1,521 
13,828 

140,117 



107,083 

6,385 

10,528 

3,169 

30 

5,028 

826 

1,434 

1,387 

345 

650 

2,251 

501 

500 



554,908 
554,908 



543,858 

13,433 

494,527 

8,522 

2,743 

18,973 
5,660 



DRY GOODS, APPAREL— Con. 

Piece goods, convert- 
ers — Con. 

$1 , 000 , 000— $4 , 999 , 999— 031 



14 metro, areas. 



$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Midd le Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

■Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Other metro, areas 

$200 , 000— $499 , 999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central . . ' 

South Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Boston, Mass 

Baltimore , Md 

Other metro . areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Other metro, areas 

FURNITURE, HOME FURNISHDIGS 

Household furniture, 
total 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North C =ntral 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro . areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

St. Louis, Mo 

Other metro, areas 



7 

195 

3 

3 



183 
3 
3 
4 
10 



240 
10 



235 

8 

5 



157,538 



144,836 



5,405 
139,381 
2,404 
2,286 
4,501 
3,561 

146,367 



244 

',517 

43 

99 

285 
89 



131,223 
2,404 
2,151 
2,984 

7,605 



91,397 



2,023 
82,207 
1,450 
2,974 
1,431 
1,312 

88,525 



81,479 

1,450 

757 

1,857 

2,982 



28,050 



793 

25,468 

1,129 

660 

27,334 



24,953 

829 

515 

1,037 



129.171 



49,934 
27,258 
13,274 
19,675 
11,772 
7,258 

84,112 



41.104 



13 ,495 
7,089 
4,458 
3,774 
5,479 
3,470 
3,339 

27.031 



12,388 
4,944 
3,047 
6,652 



7,158 
43 

180 
90 

297 



5,652 



73 
5,213 
61 
138 
99 
68 



5,198 
61 
38 
108 
165 



2,032 



129 

1,796 

81 

26 

1,903 



1,779 
68 
17 
39 



11,253 



3,834 
2,636 
1,169 
1,995 
877 
742 

6,920 



3,_583 



1,152 
601 
469 
323 
503 
243 
287 

2.413 



1,025 
478 
329 



39 
1,282 
7 
17 
52 
15 



5,221 
130,830 
853 
1,997 
4,223 
1,712 

134,203 



118 

1 



139 
5 
5 

150 



134 
5 



17 
959 

8 
37 
26 

11 

1,039 



61 

478 

28 

12 



463 
25 



645 
527 
314 
511 
208 
204 



284 
132 
98 
99 
126 
58 
80 



245 
101 
68 
156 



122,886 

853 

2,010 

1,767 

6,687 



99, 757 



1,170 
91,284 
1,027 
2,444 
2,593 
1,239 

98, 142 



91,019 

1,027 

484 

1,841 

3,771 



39,152 



2,686 

34,013 

1,967 

486 

36,476 



33,685 

1,711 

328 

752 



219,423 



72,844 
51,072 
25,160 
42,284 
17,425 
10,638 

133,335 



65.973 



20,615 
12,992 
7,501 
6,476 
7,891 
5,325 
5,173 

45 .970 



18,079 

10,707 

5,502 

11,682 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.33 



Tabic 2B.— SALES SIZE- 



SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 
STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense ^Iatios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusiness, 

saies-siv group, 

geographic divi5ion,and 

metropolitan area 



FURNITURE, HOME 
FURNISHINGS—Continued 

Household furniture — 
Continued 

$200,000— $A99, 999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic..., 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

1^ metroi areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Miimeapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 
Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total.., 

New England 

Middle Atlantic , 

East North Central , 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

l-i metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

Office furniture, 
total 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States 

K metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

K metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Num- 
bcr) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



130 
65 
14 
26 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 

pCT' 

cent 
3f sales 



9 


2,9K 


47 


14,777 


33 


10,437 


10 


2,693 


16 


5,265 


7 


2,033 


9 


3,472 


9 


2,116 



10,449 
5,907 

950 
3,506 
1,899 
1,732 

935 
1,004 
1,788 



24,798 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



{Thouiand 
dollars) 



Active 
propn- 
etors,' 
Novem' 
ber 



(Num 



3,987 



2,972 

9,599 

4,515 

992 

2,158 
501 
647 
436 

2,978 

18,188 



6,892 
2,954 
2,296 
1,402 
139 
2,422 

404 
152 
413 
521 
286 
307 



28,546 
19,933 



32,322 



11,375 
7,634 
1,721 
2,634 
4,393 
4,565 

18,704 



304 
1,571 
747 
293 
466 
129 
259 
218 

2,625 



,268 

394 

86 

235 

150 
166 
69 
76 
181 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 



89 
465 
220 

87 
186 

45 
101 

60 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



310 

865 

416 

143 

240 

42 

81 

56 

3f1 

1.823 



25.8 
22.9 



8,818 
4,374 
5,512 



39,884 



7 


2,125 


34 


11,111 


30 


9,693 


9 


2,841 


13 


4,070 


4 


1,309 


10 


2,722 


4 


1,26 


15 


4,753 



590 
311 
302 
134 
24 
279 

56 
9 
34 
33 
22 
29 



4,960 
2,839 



5,343 



1,781 
1,250 
351 
504 
687 
770 

2,958 



29 

lis 

62 

13 

21 

4 

5 

5 

43 



358 
99 
25 
65 
41 
57 
24 
24 
74 



109 
349 
167 
58 
100 
26 
37 
16 
121 



233 
120 
98 
55 



5,934 { 



1,421 

537 

1,000 



6,218 



292 

1,490 
1,663 
427 
629 
276 
510 
198 
733 



1,261 
593 



1,271 



375 
291 
100 
167 
146 
192 



293 
134 
179 



91 
398 
425 
101 
189 

99 
163 

56 
181 



80,833 



6,407 
33,110 
14,451 
5,624 
8,763 
2,629 
5,270 
4,579 

54.375 



27, 738 
7,119 
2,158 
3,723 
3,587 
3,735 
1,257 
1,451 
3,607 



52, U5 



5,949 
17,919 
9,172 
2,668 
5,060 
1,022 
1,827 
1,109 
7,409 

37.890 



12,744 
7,135 
6,138 
2,698 
308 
5,163 

1,208 
184 
633 
711 
303 
665 



36,846 
51,844 



90,201 



30,697 
20,644 
5,378 
9,379 
11,719 
12,384 

49,281 



24,623 
9,089 
15,569 



115,621 



5,698 
27.029 
29,036 
8,059 
11,734 
5,351 
9,297 
3,890 
15,527 



Kind of business, 

sates'Size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropoliun area 



FUHNITUHE, HOME 
FTONISHINGS— Continued 

Office furniture — (ton. 

$200 , 000— $499 , 999— Con . 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles; Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 
United States, total.. 



Estab- 
Ush- 

ments 



(Hum- 
her) 



New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central. 
West North Central. 

South Atlantic 

East South Central. 
West South Central. 

Mountain 

Pacific 



14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich ■ 

Bos ton , Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md ^.... 

Other metro, areas 



China, glassware, 
crockery, total . . 



$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$500 , 000~$999 , 999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Other divisions 

lA metro, areas, total, 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey , 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Other metro, areas 

$200 , 000— $4 99 , 999 

United States, total.,. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, to al. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Other metro, areas, 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thmisand 
dollars) 



See footnotes at end of table. 



20,226 



7,332 

3,051 

2,4W 

954 

725 

1,191 
4,509 



33,542 



22 


1,880 


31 


11,017 


78 


7,941 


28 


2,312 


35 


3,443 


11 


720 


22 


2,439 


9 


952 


39 


2,838 



7,444 
1,779 
1,176 
1,348 
754 
695 

317 
663 
552 
571 
513 
84 
71 



Oper 

ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



28,229 
14,162 

31,510 



20,199 



969 
500 
420 
90 
112 

173 
748 



.4,765 



283 
1,566 
1,149 
305 
545 
.82 
419 
107 
309 

2,179 



11,464 
4,905 
3,830 



8,900 
2,564 
3,796 



27,062 



15,994 
5,223 
1,134 
2,866 
1,845 

22,907 



15,214 
3,074 
2,632 
1,987 



1,013 
276 
105 
229 
68 
105 

29 
91 
70 
90 
79 
7 
17 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Hum 
ber) 



14 
106 
62 
18 
30 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees Ply roll 



(Hum- 



(Dollats) 



241 


17,670 


117 


8,922 


107 


9,885 


37 


1,863 


35 


2,576 


31 


2,633 


168 


13,165 



1,699 



97 
561 
368 

98 
212 

42 
146 



3,004 
1,728 



1,220 
489 

566 



327 
75 

'39 
82 
25 
40 

9 
40 
18 
25 
25 

3 



656 

495 



1,056 
164 
467 



3,300 



1,991 
544 
164 
261 
340 

2,631 



1,875 
212 

258 
286 



279 
132 

189 



231 
48 
150 



517 

156 

45 

SO 

108 



465 
49 
78 

US 



93,112 



5,051 

32,171 

21,566 

5,436 

10,257 

1,667 

8,632 

1,852 

6,480 

40,945 



19, 208 
5,046 
2,385 
4,339 
1,166 
1,818 

575 
1,796 
1,153 
1,237 
1,785 
125 
312 



83,492 



50,590 
32,902 

56,337 



41.031 



21,836 
10,487 
8,708 



18,966 
2,870 
8,709 



61,355 



36,064 
9,740 
2,261 
6,654 
6,636 

49,665 



33,552 
3,694 
6,539 



2.34 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.- SALES SIZE-SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of business, 

sale5-si;e group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



FURNITURE, HOME 
FURNISHINGS—Continued 

China, glassware, 
crockery — Con, 

Under $200 , O00--Con . 

United States, total.,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

lA metro, areas, total. 

New York -Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston , Mass 

San Francisco-Oaltland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore , Md 

Floor coverings, total 

$5,0O0y000 and Over 
United States 

$l,000,000--$4,999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Hounta in 

Pacific 

l-i metro, areas, total. 

New York -Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Other metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

li metro, areas, total. 

New York -Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Los Angeles , Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Other metro . ai-eas 

$200,000~$499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 



Estab- 

Ush- 

ments 



ba) 



10 


6^6 


192 


12,274 


62 


i,005 


15 


1,091 


25 


1,203 


7 


577 


9 


555 


< 


■ 130 


51 


3,203 



67 


10,762 


26 


1,845 


31 


1,815 


5 


238 


6 


499 


5 


437 


14 


1,007 


6 


406 


6 


555 


5 


417 


6 


283 


Al 


413,582 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
if sales 



175,688 



10,212 

55,269 

44,863 

9,804 

14,243 

7,544 

5,956 

27,797 

107,476 



24,524 
13,456 
10,358 
14,173 
7,585 
7,037 
30,343 



4 


2,857 


.8 


33,800 


8 


6,366 


3 


2,351 


5 


3,179 


3 


1,943 


8 


6,373 


3 


2,019 


3 


8,819 



33,741 



27 


19,198 


5 


3,245 


9 


5,179 


3 


2,362 


10 


7,757 



48,788 



3,588 
21,210 
10,003 
2,564 
5,028 
1,864 
2,419 
2,112 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



2,706 



66 

1,602 

'419 

140 

111 

52 

30 

33 

253 

2,123 



1,446 
153 
132 

17 
72 
48 

78 
37 
69 
50 
21 

28,182 



11,641 



647 
3,893 
2,946 

522 
1,067 

489 

405 
1,672 

7,292 



1,906 

1,120 
587 
868 
392 
560 

1,859 



375 
111 
227 
108 
339 
85 
520 

3,230 



1,873 
172 
552 

146 
487 



3,487 



251 
1,530 
802 
276 
240 
73 
195 
120 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
NoverD' 
ber 



(Tvtum- 



140 

20 



20 
5 
2 
2 



2 
2 

12 
3 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
her) 



1,065 



33 

576 
176 



15 
23 
114 



497 
56 



1,468 



2,477 



147 
867 
477 
128 
264 
136 
98 
360 

1,394 



398 

128 
103 
166 
84 
95 
420 



1,142 



35 
678 
37 
29 
60 
28 
84 



406 
43 

160 
34 

125 



72 
394 
192 
58 
73 
21 
53 



Pay roll 



(Dollars; 



55,477 



1,300 

32,894 

8,557 

2,549 

2,170 

1,009 

704 

670 

5,624 

43,852 



29,634 
3,222 
2,923 

353 
1,408 

995 

1,523 

744 

1,297 

1,439 

309 

513,622 



107,105 



206,580 



10,443 
77,117 
45,746 
10,816 
23,585 
7,023 
5,362 
26,488 

130,744 



41,091 
14,523 
10,509 
15,731 
6,285 
9,692 
32,913 



89,520 



2,161 
53,164 
8,415 
1,978 
4,419 
1,597 
4,860 
1,539 
il , 387 

62,974 



33,876 
3,811 

10,692 
4,221 

10,374 



4,. '.31 
29,430 
14,976 
6,551 
4,005 
1,397 
4,527 
2,137 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



FURNITimi:, HOME 
FURNISHINGS —Continued 

Floor coverings — Con 

$200 , 000— $499 , 999— Con . 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia , Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

St . Louis , Mo 

Baltimore , Md 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

Mountain 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Washington , D. C 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Other metro, areas 

Antiques, total 

$200,000 and Over 

United States 

14 metro . areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total.., 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

St, Louis, Mo 

Other metro, areas 

Other home fur- 
nishings, total 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total.., 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro . areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



{Hum- 



20 
173 
26 



36 
170 
21 
3 
15 
11 



137 
6 
13 
24 
21 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



28,356 



14,312 
4,384 
1,190 
1,543 

827 
1,813 
1,301 

915 
2,071 



25,237 



1,885 
14,117 
2,429 

627 
3,038 

619 
2,047 

475 

18,287 



11,107 

1,337 

1,178 

872 

976 

558 
931 
421 
342 
565 

12,615 



4,228 
4,228 



,387 



766 

6,471 
307 
141 
528 
174 

7,299 



5,654 
74 
503 
573 
424 
33 
38 



127,940 



44,407 
33,373 
16,573 
28,587 

99,666 



71,744 



4,769 
33,008 
14,105 
3,499 
3,771 
9,171 
3,421 



See footnotes at end of table. 



Oper 

ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



28.7 
23.7 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



999 
499 
124 
169 

64 
163 
170 

39 
135 



137 
915 
176 

64 
231 

38 
229 



1,287 



102 
31 



1,352 



29 

599 
10 



575 
7 



11,659 



3,921 
3,297 

1,924 
2,517 

8,817 



7,315 



594 
3,425 
1,600 
260 
292 
727 
417 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(J^um- 
ber) 



6 
162 
18 

3 
14 

5 
25 

6 



141 
14 
13 



37 

166 

22 

2 

17 
13 



131 
5 
15 
26 
18 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Num. 
ber) 



226 
U2 
34 
64 
16 
45 
37 
16 



72 
318 
56 
26 
115 
16 
77 
31 



242 
19 
37 
U 
38 

25 
32 
46 
15 



172 
172 



U 
205 
6 
5 
5 
2 



192 
3 



2,974 



1,023 
833 
533 
585 

2,278 



173 
894 
573 
88 
82 
160 
142 



Pay roll 



(Dollari) 



18,868 
9,281 
2,355 
4,081 
1,176 
2,300 
4,438 
655 
2,631 



42,913 



5,063 
17,373 
4,667 
1,332 
6,263 
1,033 
5,072 
2,110 

27,535 



U,906 
1,240 
2,442 
551 
2,866 

1,591 
1,347 
2,012 
1,440 
190 



13,370 
13,370 



13,623 



537 

12,222 

132 

313 

245 
69 

12,390 



11,719 
128 
245 
311 
437 



599.596 



213,535 



70,138 
58,090 
37,559 
47,748 

162,024 



143,239 



9,411 
66,832 
34,924 

4,668 

6,560 
13,221 

7,623 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.35 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Opbilating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusincss, 

sales-sue group, 

geographic division,ajid 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dolUiTi) 



Opcr 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per' 
cent 
of sale; 



Pay roll. 
entire 
year 



(TTioujdnd 
dollars) 



Active 
propri' 
etors.' 
Novcm 
bcr 



(Num. 
bcr) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workwcelt 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 



Pay roll 



jDottdTs) 



Kind of business, 

sales-sue group, 

geographic division.and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Hum- 
bcr) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweelt 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



r 

Em- 
ployees Pay toll 

(Hum- 
her) 



(Dollars) 



FURNITURE, HCME 
FURNISHINGS— Con t inued 

Other home fur- 
nishings — Continued 

$500 , 000~$999 , 999— Con , 
li metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Other metro, areas 

$200, 000— $499 , 999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Paoific 

lA metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York -Northeast em New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Hinneapolls-St. Paul, Mirm- 

Buffalo, N. Y 



PAPER AND ITS PRODUCTS 



Wrapping paper, 
twine, total. . 



$5,000,000 and Over 
United States 



11 


3,248 


78 


25,546 


37 


11,534 


6 


1,%3 


17 


5,249 


i 


852 


6 


1,487 


5 


1,607 


23 


7,076 



1,513 



21,699 
4,477 
4,089 
5,944 
2,354 
2,916 

2,046 
2,080 
3,686 

4,652 



58 , 562 



2,564 
601 
296 
544 
180 
330 

190 

75 

332 

361 



6,464 



2,134 



21,569 
7,318 
4,751 
2,258 

1,210 
1,777 

1,389 

1,010 

897 

2,690 



35 


1,742 


406 


26,766 


131 


9,234 


39 


2,488 


42 


2,973 


12 


787 


28 


2,008 


7 


377 


110 


6,476 



41,074 



38 


21,571 


61 


4,333 


69 


3,684 


37 


2,695 


19 


1,456 


15 


516 


25 


1,723 


11 


984 


15 


1,079 


3 


232 


14 


988 


13 


1,084 


10 


543 


3 


186 



296,052 



31,249 



390 

2,838 

1,591 

260 

425 

68 

89 

157 

646 

5,039 



2,387 
917 

409 
295 

237 

147 

123 
86 
76 

362 



5,284 



221 
2,544 
927 
317 
218 
79 
193 



4,128 



!,087 
509 
467 
223 
125 
66 

179 
84 

137 
21 



31,148 



365 

105 
27 
30 



302 
53 
64 
43 

18 
9 



129 
879 
556 
30 
137 
25 
43 
58 
227 



741 
299 
148 
84 



2,220 



101 

1,001 

380 

147 

114 

69 

92 

26 

290 

1,655 



798 
202 
183 
100 
51 



107,721 



589 


50,562 


206 


12,907 


52 


5,574 


193 


9,944 


59 


4,163 


109 


5,053 


54 


3,153 


39 


1,830 


38 


6,645 


124 


7,890 



127,563 



8,072 
55,416 
33,076 
4,202 
7,589 
1,093 
1,854 
3,034 
13,227 



46,967 
16,708 
9,234 
5,614 
6,616 
2,908 

2,140 
1,700 
1,473 
6,153 



115,259 



4,863 

53,453 

20,815 

6,806 

4,939 

2,505 

4,396 

1,147 

16,335 

89,802 



44,086 
11,961 
10,865 
4,883 
2,865 
1,671 

3,746 

1,885 

3,196 

407 

1,322 

1,553 

936 

426 



58,047 



PAPER AND ITS PRODUCTS-CSn. 

Wrapping paper, 
Iwine — Continued 

$1 , 000 , 000— $4 ,999 , 999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago , 111 

Hinneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 
Other metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United Stales, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey , 

Chicago, 111 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

Mountain 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago , 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston , Mass 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

UTiited States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia , Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

Baltimore , Md 

Other metro, areas 

Fine paper, total.,.. 
$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

.East North Central 



21 
132 
38 



147,114 



15,951 



3,931 



3,156 

38,459 
30,243 
12,333 
16,890 
15,125 
16,902 
9,006 

65,705 



909 
4,212 
3,090 
1,229 
1,682 
2,030 
1,665 
1,134 

6,991 



219 
1,102 
593 
336 
401 
509 
427 
344 

1,653 



30,707 
9,046 
4,429 

21,523 



58,897 



3,266 
902 
462 

2,361 



6,562 



637 
129 
110 

777 



1,747 



2,516 
20,191 
15,529 
4,112 
3,214 
2,370 
2,041 
4,173 
4,751 

22,620 



266 
2,187 
1,872 
386 
405 
308 
200 
403 
535 

2,422 



89 
530 
488 
104 
99 
95 
58 
127 
157 



9,525 
4,913 
3,182 



40,420 



997 
560 
865 



4,046 



207 
153 
200 



12 


3,437 




47 


14,858 




18 


5,364 




9 


3,504 




18 


5,313 




5 


1,906 




10 


3,328 




7 


2,210 





381 
1,343 
558 
337 
669 
181 
309 
268 

1,810 



117 
379 
164 
115 
194 
64 
30 
99 



9,193 
2,175 
1,555 
967 
4,301 



18,372 



833 
219 
134 
127 
497 



213 
58 
43 
36 

131 



1,926 
10,377 

3,215 
313 

1,392 
395 
754 

12,836 



163 

792 

256 

51 

120 
34 



124 
30 
2 



57 
239 
99 
11 
42 
17 
24 



7,063 
1,444 
555 
1,363 
503 
788 
377 
743 



509 
113 
40 
105 
29 
78 
20 
62 



i7r 

40 
15 



56,998 
63 ,401 



3,707 
3,776 



291.403 



16,367 
80,488 
55,624 
23,363 
26,512 
33,363 
30,574 
20,11? 

131,013 



60,899 
16,298 
7,249 
46,567 



125,977 



4,881 

39,217 

37,473 

3,950 

5,699 

5,654 

3,313 

9,010 

11,275 

43,542 



'7,532 
10,606 
15,404 



75,340 



7,012 
24,234 
10,090 
7,506 
12,214 
3,429 
5,577 
5,278 

33,591 



15,271 
4,086 
2,475 
2,588 
9,171 



28.026 



3,363 
14,590 
4,911 

919 
2,170 

717 
1,356 

13,214 



9,512 
2,156 

1,059 
1,752 

630 
1,470 

378 
1,257 

727,845 



67,116 
70,815 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2.36 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusiness, 

saies-si%e group, 

geographic division.and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 

llBh- 

Doents 



{Hum- 
her) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thyusand 
dolLiTi) 



Oper 

ating 

ex- 
penses 

(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per' 

cent 
sf sale 



Pay roll. 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



bcr) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, worlcwcek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em' 

ptoyees 

(Hum- 
ber) 



Piy roll 



(DoUars) 



Kind of business^ 

sales'Size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropobtan area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 






Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thoiuand 
dottars) 



Oper- 
ating 

ex- 
penses 
(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per- 
cent 
of sales 



Payroll, 

entire 
year 



{Thoiuand 
dollara) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Hum- 
bcr) 



Paid employeciand 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployeea 

(Hum- 
brr) 



Payroll 



(DotldTi) 



PAPER AND ITS PRODUCTS-Ccn. 
Fine paper — Con, 

$1 , 000 , 000— $.i , 999 , 999 

United States, total, ., 

New England ^ 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York -Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, lU 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia , Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St, Paul, Minn. 
Other metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central; 

Pacific 

Other d ivisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York -Nor the a stern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston , Mass 

Baltimore , Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 
Otlier metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York -Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

Washington, D. C 

Baltimore , Md 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 21 

Middle Atlantic 63 

East North Central 18 

South Atlantic 7 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York -Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

Other metro . areas 

See footnotes at end of table. 



222,547 



20,634 



4,871 



5 


12,334 


32 


66,748 


2b 


58,805 


13 


25,973 


11 


22,527 


7 


13,033 


7 


16,675 


3 


6,452 



158,321 



1,347 
6,690 
4,732 
2,563 
1,827 
1,195 
1,696 
584 

14,640 



348 
1,355 
1,029 

710 
414 
411 
426 
178 

3,265 



19 


43,368 


9 


27,861 


3 


9,309 


7 


10,738 


3 


8,016 


3 


5,673 


3 


6,236 


3 


8,912 


6 


12,620 


10 


25,588 



61,092 



4,469 

1,971 

1,031 

1,261 

539 

471 

598 

639 

1,405 

2,256 



6,326 



908 
426 
244 
228 
108 
112 
144 
124 
385 
586 



1,548 



10 


7,338 


24 


16,523 


14 


10,682 


11 


9,268 


7 


4,973 


9 


6,346 


4 


2,963 


5 


2,999 



667 
1,374 
1,174 
812 
517 
685 
343 
254 

3,106 



147 
421 
231 
236 
134 
190 
100 
89 



8 


12,239 


5 


3,825 


3 


2,073 


3 


2,296 


3 


2,091 


4 


3,559 


4 


2,930 



31,726 



1,396 
354 
253 
246 
236 
324 
297 



3,457 



302 
63 
70 
40 
70 
86 
65 



2,653 
11,251 
6,357 
2,606 
4,122 
1,635 
1,500 
1,602 

18,325 



246 
1,374 
675 
274 
487 
116 
149 
136 

2,113 



51 

345 

200 

91 

135 

42 

54 

43 



27 


8,259 


8 


2,369 


5 


1,443 


3 


1,103 


3 


1,093 


3 


999 


9 


3,059 



944 
240 
248 
109 
142 
123 
307 



12,103 



1,991 
5,254 
1,951 
690 
842 
878 
497 

7,635 



175 
598 
225 
64 
77 
96 
40 



3,968 

1,340 
683 
279 
630 

735 



472 

183 

83 

22 

60 



59 
186 
67 
25 
35 
34 



142 
57 
28 
11 
19 
24 



378,608 



22,179 
115,160 
89,831 
47,675 
35,480 
25,151 
32,232 
10,900 

259,744 



77,378 
36,500 
17,094 
19,741 
10,097 
9,491 
10,906 
12,051 
24,519 
41,967 



121,118 



9,584 
36,123 
22,798 
15,993 
10,148 
12,323 
9,329 
4,820 

59,227 



26,057 
7,313 
6,027 
2,695 
4,678 
6,572 
5,885 



65,001 



4,290 
24,060 
13,013 
5,607 
9,873 
2,515 
2,856 
2,787 

38,794 



218 


15,883 


82 


4,986 


71 


4,064 


18 


2,083 


32 


2,797 


35 


.2,165 


90 


6,816 



25,187 



3,357 
11,432 
4,477 
1,203 
1,760 
2,156 
802 

17,674 



8,941 
3,679 
1,889 
470 
1,116 
1,579 



PAPER AND ITS PHODUCTS-Cai . 



Stationery, office 
suppl ies , tota 1 . . . 



$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro . areas 

$500 , 000— $999 , 999 

United States, total.. 

Meu England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central , 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total, 

New york-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total.., 

New England 

Middle Atlantic , 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific , 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Boston, Mass , 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 
United states, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia , Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore , Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn, 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Wallpaper, total..-. 
$500,000 and Over 
United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

Other divisions 



50 
285 
105 
32 
43 
18 
34 
12 
54 



221 
40 
30 
22 
U 
27 



29,865 



10,031 



51,041 



9,255 



3,208 



14,523 
9,009 
15,204 
12,305 

38,050 



39,359 



2,026 
1,099 
3,153 
2,977 

7,070 



7,154 



600 
713 
923 
972 

2,536 



2,076 



3,313 
15,410 
5,997 
2,930 
2,028 
3,472 
4,038 
2,171 

24,009 



488 
2,262 

1,406 
463 
452 
823 
785 
475 

4,302 



161 
579 
387 
135 
129 
221 
303 
161 

1.214 



11,475 
4,218 
2,145 
6,171 



44,377 



1,660 
971 
446 

1,225 



7,495 



397 
257 
167 
393 



3,801 
17,052 
7,675 
3,157 
3,319 
2,434 
4,685 
2,254 

25,814 



673 
2,730 
1,313 
651 
500 
454 
695 
479 

4,169 



210 
746 
385 
244 
182 
144 
238 
166 



14,364 
4,134 
1,135 
1,273 

998 
3,910 

43,772 



2,241 
644 
157 
232 

150 
745 

5,981 



589 
186 
47 
66 

44 

215 



3,547 
18,412 
7,849 
1,936 
3,278 
1,442 
2,479 
1,022 
3,807 

26,912 



511 
2,055 
1,279 
330 
519 
259 
363 
134 
531 

3,272 



25 

239 

56 

16 
27 
15 
25 
12 
51 



203 
841 
467 
122 
247 
118 
165 
69 
200 

1,272 



14,604 
3,210 
1,725 
1,094 
587 
1,924 

932 
371 
318 
391 
377 
422 
836 
121 

32,338 



1,609 
438 
192 

122 
55 
273 

128 
35 
38 
49 

116 
63 

141 
13 



190 
19 
29 
19 



624 
147 
81 
68 
36 
96 

50 
17 
15 
23 
30 
35 
47 
3 



8.437 



4,527 
3,910 



914 
566 



268 

145 



586,849 



186,699 



43,450 
29,613 
56,955 
56,681 

148,054 



138,654 



10,418 

45,061 

26,202 

8,799 

8,176 

15,036 

16,234 

8,728 

85,618 



33,570 

18,328 

9,312 

24,408 



141,291 



12,L45 
50,622 
23,132 
12,587 
10,556 

8,307 
14,728 

9,214 

77,260 



42,330 
10,847 
2,563 
4,677 

3,355 
13,488 

120,205 



9,463 
40,997 
25,964 
6,413 
10,570 
5,096 
8,877 
2,763 
10,062 

63,700 



31,319 
8,780 
3,691 
2,412 
1,429 
5,075 

2,309 

730 

949 

976 

2,087 

1,403 

2,340 

200 



17,686 
8,390 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.37 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Salbs, Opkilating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibuaincss. 

sales'sue group, 

geographic division,and 

metropoUtan area 



Estab- 
lisb- 



C\um- 



PAPER AND ITS HIODUCTS— Con. 
Wallpaper — Continued 
$200,0)0— $499,999 
United States, total.... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total.. 

New York-Northeastern Nev 

Jersey 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Other metro, areas 

Ihider $200,000 

United States, total.... 

New England 

Mlddl* Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

■ 14 metro, areas, total.. 

New York-Northeastem New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Baltimore, Md 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

Other paper products, 
total 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total.... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$1 , 000, 000— $4 , 999 , 999 

United States, total.... 

New England 

■Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total.. 

New York-Northeastem New 
Jersey ,. 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif, 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D, C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Other metro, areas. ,, 



See footnotes at end of table. 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollaTs) 



Oper 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
3f sale! 



1,699 



7,762 



4,098 

979 

1,208 

1,477 



1,735 
1,393 
3,464 



16,139 



972 

7,056 

1,736 

1,595 

1,482 

771 

882 

190 

1,455 

9,467 



2,105 
556 
686 

2,873 
758 

465 
194 
199 
410 
518 
540 
163 



859,564 



79,565 
37,760 
41,584 

123,951 



9 


18,717 


64 


123,054 


41 


73,863 


11 


19,630 


14 


26,565 


11 


20,252 


9 


14,027 


3 


3,673 


12 


24,019 



200,875 



43 


85,304 


12 


21,937 


5 


7,398 


8 


13,606 


4 


6,059 


4 


10,779 


3 


9,227 


4 


9,034 


3 


7,385 


4 


10,330 


3 


9,532 


5 


10,284 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(TJlOliMTld 

iottars) 



1,396 



1,272 



13,1 



379 
232 
661 



2,513 



Active 
propri- 
etors,' 
Novem- 
ber 



(><um- 
_br±_ 



743 


11 


161 




245 


1 


247 


3 



170 
1,145 
243 
245 
211 
91 
UA 
31 
253 



397 
69 
136 
396 
14S 

66 
45 
18 
51 
76 
52 
24 



2,370 
3,551 
1,664 



26,296 



1,417 
9,668 
6,212 
1,751 
2,100 
1,914 
1,218 
251 
1,765 



6,227 

1,681 

645 

1,140 

432 

588 

224 
878 
685 
722 
729 
960 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
pbyecs 

Wun,- 
_ber)_ 



PayroU 



(DoIUtsi 



25,680 



14, 597 
2,375 
4,786 
3,922 

23.872 



122 
106 
189 



55 
397 
108 
84 
86 
40 
56 
14 
79 



117 
26 
38 

147 
48 

24 
15 
7 

17 
32 
17 



1,791 



431 
888 
472 



6.112 



407 

2,044 

1,351 

514 

495 

445 

315 

81 

460 



1,191 
281 
156 
261 
65 
163 

45 
177 
267 
144 
152 
210 



6,998 

5,226 

11,648 



47,058 



3,040 
21,132 
4,924 
4,068 
3,998 
1,555 
2,191 
625 
5,525 

27,688 



7,432 
1,475 
2,953 
6,823 
2,659 

1,638 
742 
286 
909 

1,4U 
939 
421 



42,520 
78,099 
30,609 

116,492 



480.449 



26,275 
172,315 
114,714 
33,620 
36,515 
33,561 
24,191 
5,686 
33,572 



103,631 
31,686 
11,978 
19,083 
6,520 
11,627 

4,630 
17,409 
12,974 
13,531 
13,059 
16,307 



Kind of business, 

sales'Size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



- 232 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 



PAPER AND ITS PRODUCTS— Gon, 

Other paper prod- 
ucts — Continued 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 
Jersey. 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich , 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Baltimore, Hd 

Mlimeapolls-St, Paul, Minn. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas. 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East s3uth Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New Qigland 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain, ,,. 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 
Jersey 

Chicago; 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich ...,, 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D, C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Buffalo, N. Y 



52 
158 
73 
21 
36 
10 
16 
3 
42 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 

pay 

roll) as 
per- 

dollar;) 1°' ""^^ 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



104 
30 
19 

13 

5 

20 

10 
3 



113 
537 
159 
54 
71 
21 
25 
9 
77 



417 
59 
40 
45 
19 



161,448 



13,262 
58,314 
31,866 
12,040 
13,581 
13,142 
9,797 
9,446 

77,413 



38,942 
6,026 
2,335 
5,338 
4,273 
3,947 

3,270 
1,992 
2,390 
4,223 
1,849 
2,828 



131,058 



17,766 

48,725 

22,890 

6,239 

12,198 

3,279 

5,677 

1,043 

13,241 

70,146 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dolldra) 



16,376 



1,402 
5,667 
3,275 
1,172 
1,505 
1,430 
994 
931 

7,198 



32,258 
8,459 
5,885 
3,945 
1,564 
6,366 

3,087 
865 
1,646 
1,887 
1,496 
1,404 
1,284 



84,349 



9,270 
40,762 
13,331 
4,029 
6,933 
1,689 
2,378 
638 
5,319 

53,522 



29,912 
4,310 
2,649 
4,208 
1,905 
3,295 

816 
670 
520 
851 
983 
1,198 
1,693 
512 



3,924 
559 
169 
446 
302 
301 

405 
92 
205 
364 
153 
278 



13,326 



1,945 

5,268 

2,049 

560 

1,315 

295 

481 

88 

1,325 

7,334 



3,465 
866 

704 
431 

lie 

725 

189 
60 
127 
240 
94 
203 
112 



7,535 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(Num- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



r 

Em- 
ployees pjy roll 



(>ium- 



4,343 



375 
1,424 
334 
353 
402 
433 
262 
260 

1,752 



890 
140 

39 
137 
118 

60 

95 
30 
56 
89 
40 
58 



4,127 



(Dollara) 



825 

3,458 

1,237 

314 

742 

140 

215 

35 

569 

4,830 



79 
470 
133 
45 
55 
14 
16 
11 
65 



2,580 1 
423 
327 
406 

150 

281] 

89 
63 
39 
124 
82 
119 
113 



357 
43 
34 
43 
16 
30 



544 
1,619 
703 
174 
380 
103 
162 
30 
412 

2,099 



976 
274 
222 
115 



3,141 



342 
1,366 
499 
149 
325 

39 
113 

16 
242 

1,843 



967 
136 
Ul 
169 
77 
102 

28 
30 
13 
45 
31 
46 



307,389 



25,404 
100,607 
63,235 
24,707 
28,773 
28, 105 
19,271 
17,287 

135,432 



59,760 
12,283 
3,410 
8,933 
8,347 
5,823 

7,902 
1,576 
3,720 
7,172 
2,730 
3,776 



250,872 



37,530 
97,131 
39,033 
10,243 
24,091 

5,530 
10,332 

1,680 
25,292 

133,059 



64,046 
14,652 
13,177 
7,638 
2,431 
12,497 

3,713 
1,030 
2,369 
4,033 
1,800 
3,353 
2,215 



150,777 



15,463 

67,547 

26,002 

6,458 

14,092 

3,475 

4,770 

832 

12,138 

94, 510 



49,971 
7,813 
7,047 
7,943 
3,927 
4,540 

1,794 
1,540 

833 
2,480 
1,702 
2,172 
2,170 

573 



2.38 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusiness, 

sales-siic group, 

geographic division.and 

metropolitan area 



FAKM PRODUCTS (RAW 
MATERIALS) 



Cotton, total 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

$500, 000— $999, 999 

United States, total... 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

Under $200,000 

United States, total,. , 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

Other divisions 

Grain, total 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United states, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total, 

Chicago, 111 

St, Louis, Mo 

MInneapolis-St, Paul, Minn. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

San Francisco-Oaicland, 

Calif 

Hinneapolls-St, Paul, Minn, 
Other metro, areas 



Estab- 
lish- 
mencs 



(AJum- 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 

penses 
(inc. 
pay 

roll) as 
per- 
cent 

if sales 



887.259 



129,055 
509,475 
180,698 
68,031 



254,264 



30, 327 
6,025 
40,277 
83,027 
60,645 
12,810 
10,318 
5,835 



27,058 



9,616 
9,627 
3,337 
4,478 



11,715 



1,035 
2,929 
3,969 
2,458 
1,324 



2,274 



1,159 
580 
535 



2,200,870 



186,152 
591,236 
1,083,613 
163,698 
133,111 
43,060 

739,649 



226,154 
94,815 

264,096 
58,986 
95,598 



317,432 



3,934 
7,468 
55,050 
91,304 
9,703 
14, 126 
35,042 
14,076 
81,729 

96,044 



6,802 
19,004 

24,427 
25,215 

20, 596 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousavd 
dollars) 



9,899 



6,834 



1,379 

3,361 

1,317 

777 



200 
128 
256 
577 
857 
83 
124 
208 



19,548 



1,525 
5,439 
9,797 
1,144 
1,313 
330 

7,815 



2,467 

1,090 

2,884 

723 

651 



5,484 



170 
124 
1,148 
1,204 
533 
396 
728 
502 
679 

1,243 



34 
91 

140 
497 
481 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(>(um- 
bcf) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em' 
ployees 



(Nu.. 

ber) (Dolbrsi 



1,481 



303 
808 
243 
127 



37 
16 
90 
168 
253 
13 
24 
30 



5,174 



328 
1,538 
2,664 
284 
253 
107 

2,152 



674 
314 
867 
189 
103 



1,859 



33 
46 
339 
402 
173 
141 
332 
187 
156 



31 
133 
153 



Pay roll 



112.417 



19, 396 
59,117 
20,723 
13,181 



45,456 



3,405 
2,454 
5,148 
10,951 
15,078 
2,183 
2,400 
3,837 



5,664 



1,670 
1,340 
1,296 
1,358 



4,816 



480 

1,655 

1,566 

865 

250 



1,049 
306 
581 



526,701 



382.180 



34,121 

125,588 

177,969 

19,279 

18,537 

6,636 

171,353 



60,942 
22,481 
57,667 
19, 579 

10,684 



110.304 



3,360 
2,474 
24,701 
25, 599 
10,241 
7,460 
15,227 
10,001 

n,74i 

24,965 



674 
1,712 

2,834 
10,265 
9,480 



Kind of business 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



FAKM PRODUCTS (RAW 
MATERIALS) —Continued 

Grains — Continued 



$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas. 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

Hides, skins, raw 
furs, total 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

Other divisions 



$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

Other divisions , 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions , 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 



164 
8 
10 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 
atmg 
ex' 

penses 
(inc. 
■pay 

roll) as 
per- 
cent 

of sales 



24,974 



3,136 
5,467 
4,937 
3,343 
5,300 
2,291 

8,421 



14,206 



961 
2,141 
3,231 
2,217 

1,098 
1,271 
2,179 
1,108 

3,327 



3,004 



340 
342 
801 
370 
802 
349 



63,903 
132,909 



121,638 



66,077 

20, 101 

7,867 

5,359 

12,391 

8,343 

85,509 



68,168 



53,406 
2,968 
3,894 
2,363 
5,537 

54,250 



48,741 
2,329 

3,180 



66,832 



1,122 
52, 558 
2,711 
2,843 
1,790 
2,673 
1,530 
1,655 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



75 
185 
332 
99 
59 
43 



22 

63 
143 
262 
52 
20 
32 
23 



14 


5 


37 


4 


47 


5 


75 


2 


33 


4 



1,009 
1,944 



,925 
595 
385 
156 
425 
351 



2,271 



1,592 
109 
186 

156 
228 

1,698 



1,406 
101 
191 



2,123 



47 

1,335 

262 

138 

108 

79 

17 

87 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Num- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
M 



25 

47 

104 

33 



10 
26 
65 
111 
36 
12 
9 
14 



8 


257 


12 


711 


38 


930 


32 


1,451 


10 


722 


33 


1,262 



168 
501 



323 
178 
125 

66 
147 

81 



278 
34 
59 
59 

91 



246 

16 



Payroll 



(Dollars) 



14, 556 



1,471 
3,432 
6,155 
1,763 
1,120 
610 

4,143 



13,828 



459 

1,131 

2,351 

6,575 

1,183 

379 

600 

600 

2,027 



5,333 



13, 566 
33,738 



65,023 



31,326 
11,462 
6,111 
2,741 
6,246 
6,637 

44,001 



39,302 



26,511 
1,965 
3,657 
2,798 
4,371 

23,207 



23,403 
1,324 
3,480 



38,895 



10 


706 


J24 


25,923 


36 


5,471 


45 


2,264 


42 


1,838 


23 


1,013 


4 


230 


30 


1,445 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.39 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusmess. 

saIes-31^ gtoup, 

geographic division.and 

metropolitan area 



FABM PRODUCTS (RAW 
MATmiALS) —Continued 

Hides, 5]tins, raw 
ftire — Continued 

^00, 000— $A99, 999— Con. 

1^ metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeaatem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Boston, Mass 

Other Detro. areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central , 

Vest North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

K metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

CMcago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Other metro, areas 



Livestock (exc. 
horses, mules) , total 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total.... 

West North Central 

Other divisions 

$1,000,000— $i,999, 999 

United states, total.... 

East North Central 

West North Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Other divisions 

lA metro, areas, total. • 

Chicago, 111 

St. Louis, Mo. 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn., 
Other metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total.... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

Other divisions 

1<^ metro, areas, total. . 

Chicago, 111 

St. Louis, Mo 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total.... 

East North Central 

West North Central. 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 



Eatab' 

luh- 

ments 



(Num 
be,) 



9 

326 

35 

27 

5 



-267 



309 
11 
15 



Sales, 

entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dolLiTs) 



Oper 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
pet- 
cent 
3f sales 



55,796 



50,513 
1,257 
1,122 
2,904 



38,059 



726 
27,994 
2,682 
2,189 

237 

370 
1,012 

732 
2,117 

31.961 



26,852 
853 
1,492 
204 
567 
614 

427 

■ 547 

405 



489,874 



71,778 
65,884 



251,671 



88,625 
128,805 
15,924 

11,017 
7,300 

93,961 



48,234 
19,756 
18,479 
7,492 



51,485 



1,836 
16,681 
30,575 

2,393 

23,406 



6,122 
10,559 
6,725 



39,621 



16, 371 

20,643 

1,404 

1,203 

16,496 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(.Thousand 
dollars) 



1,314 
240 



58 


5 


897 


299 


152 


31 


75 


22 


14 


4 


17 


3 


45 


7 


52 


10 


168 


20 



1.190 



103 
12 
33 
56 

40 
12 
20 



467 
160 



499 

798 

104 

60 

25 



235 
37 

231 
155 



23 
221 



Active 
propn- 
etors,* 
Novem 
ber 



(Hum- 
_berL 



141 
3 



282 

13 
12 



Paid employees and 

pay roU. workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em' 
ployees 

(Hum- 



47 


50 


77 


67 


27 


4 


23 


3 



262 
23 
32 

5 



100 
34 



166 

213 

30 

20 

12 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



24,77b 

4,985 

706 

2,02^ 



29,461 



965 

17, 567 

3,414 

1,696 

250 

345 

874 

1,176 

3,174 

23.529 



16,509 

1,816 

2,099 

265 

620 

945 

610 
327 
338 



11,808 



8,669 
3,139 



27,415 



9,488 
14,392 
1,901 
1,129 
505 

11,702 



4,189 

793 

3,549 

3,171 



4,830 



50 

415 

4,265 

100 

1,877 



240 

175 

1,462 



920 

1,543 

630 

562 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division.and 

metropolitan area 



FARM PRODUCTS (HAW 
MATERIALS) --Continued 

Livestock(exc. horsey 
mules ) — Continued 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

East South, Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

Chicago, 111 

St. Louis, Mo 

Other metro, areas 

Tobacco (leaf), total 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

South Atlantic 

Other divisions 

$500, 000— $999 , 999 

United States, total.,. 

Middle Atlantic 

South Atlantic 

Other divisions 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

South Atlantic 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total.,. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Other metro, areas, , 

Wool, mohair, total,, 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total,.. 

New England 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, , . . , 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total,.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas , 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total.,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Other divisions 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



C\um- 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(^ isand 
d-'luTs) 



9,435 



28 

3,628 

5,233 

150 

396 

3,440 



746 

2,272 

422 



30,099 

77,829 
22,119 



8,319 



3,570 
2,140 
2,609 



6,439 



3,907 
1,197 
1,335 



3,335 



1,264 

738 
831 
502 

1,829 



1,132 
365 
332 



512,033 



230, 102 
61,856 



106,863 

48,893 

9,785 

159,299 



31,939 



19,629 
5,982 
2,380 
3,948 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Tfioujdnd 
dollars) 



6,340 



759 
3,119 
1,023 



122 
87 
187 



390 
141 
152 



56 
16-4 



4,390 

1,070 



3.946 



2,634 
1,074 

238 



1,464 



825 
273 
176 

190 



Active 
propri- 
etors, • 
Novem- 
ber 



(Hum- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Num- 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



2,789 



85 

2,186 

518 



31 
16 

160 



496 
144 



375 
193 
43 



2,017 



117 
1,120 
391 
319 
70 

1,150 



923 
140 

87 

122,954 



98,391 



12,847 
67,027 
18,517 



7,936 



2,120 
1,335 
4,481 



6,676 
1,697 
2,902 



5,352 



1,310 
1,304 
1,128 

1,610 

2,473 



1,286 
438 
749 



51,684 
18, 529 



70,213 



40,727 
17,114 
3,363 

59,173 



24,252 



13,621 
4,540 
2,886 
3,205 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2.40 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expensl Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of 'business. 

sales'Siv group, 

geographic division,and 

metropoliun area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 
her) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 

ating 
ex- 
penses 

(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per. 

cent 
□f sale; 



Pay roll, 
enure 
year 



(Tliousdnd 
doltdrj) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



Mum- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(><um- 



Pay roll 



(DolUrs) 



Kind of business^ 

sales-size group, 

geographic divisiorvand 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 
bcr) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 
ating 

ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
■pay 
roll) as 

per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Hum- 
bo) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended neaiest 

Nov. 15 



ployees 
(Hum- 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



FAHM PRODUCTS (RAW 
MATERIALS) —Continued 

Wool, Bohair — Con, 

$500,(X)0— $999,999— Con. 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $*99, 999 

United States, total... 

New England. 

Middle Atlantic 

Other divisions 

1<V metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Boston, Mass 

Other metro, areas. 



Under $200,000 

United States, total, . 

New England 28 

Middle Atlantic 22 

East North Central 

Other divisions , 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jerse:. 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 23 

Other metro, areas 5 

Miscellaneous inedible 
farm products, total. 

$5,000,000 and Over 



United States, total.... 

Middle Atlantic 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$1,000,000— $4-, 999,999 

United States, total,... 

Middle Atlantic 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total.,.. 

Middle Atlantic 12 

West North Central 

Other divisions. 5 

14 metro, areas 13 

$200,000— $499,999 



United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 13 

East North Central 10 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

Under $200,000 



United States, t^tal.. 

New England 3 

Middle Atlantic 39 

East North Central 19 

East South Central 3 

West South Central 6 

Other divisions 

See footnotes at end of table. 



26,886 



1,248 



2,104 

3,878 

18, 524 

2,330 



17,366 



188 

85 

799 

176 



39 

17 
146 
51 



11,623 
4,595 
1,148 



420 
200 



107 
68 



2,409 
11,175 
2,489 



5,229 



149 

389 

54 



2,531 

1,374 

469 

855 

3,977 



726 

472 

2,364 

415 



6.181 



252,888 
28,241 



2,658 
642 



1,310 



433 
194 



26, 939 
19,940 



36,605 



647 
663 



1,016 



137 

104 



8,609- 
4,560 
3,127 



12,197 



279 

114 
70 



3,839 
3,330 
1,398 
1,450 
2,130 



6,648 



6,323 



204 

247 

31 

90 

67 



248 
3,171 
1,952 
148 
283 
521 



25 

207 

162 

9 

30 

36 



20,538 



3,305 

1,235 

13,112 

2,886 



6,734 
3,972 

448 

10,219 



3,003 

6,227 
989 



5,174 



2,189 

1,589 

594 

802 

4,067 



866 

558 

1,322 

321 



43,585 
12,773 



25,075 



14, 390 
10,685 



19,482 



65 


3,831 


67 


4,239 


14 


585 


27 


1,767 


55 


1,329 



9,028 



3,871 

3,209 

183 

575 

749 



FARM PRODUCTS (RAW 
MATERIALS) —Continued 

Miscellaneous inedible 
farm products — Con, 

Under $200,000~Con. 

lA metro, areas, total. 

New York -Northeastern Hew 

Jersey. 

Chicago, 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Other metro, areas 



AUTOMOTIVE 

AutoiDobiles, new and 
used, total 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States 

14 metro, areas 

$1 , 000, 000— $4 , 999, 999 

United States, total,., 

New England 

Middle Atlantic , 

East North Central , 

West North Central , 

South Atlantic , 

East South Central 

West South Central , 

Mountain , 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey , 

Chicag'o, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif. 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich , 

Boston, Mass , 

Other metro, areas , 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

New England. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic , 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 
New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey. 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Detroit, Mich 

San Franc i SCO-Oakland, 

Calif 

St. Louis, Ho 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000--$499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro* areas, total. 

New York-Nortlieastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

Baltimore, Md 

Other metro, areas 



JSk. 



2,796' 
734 

375 
673 



185 


26 


83 


4 


22 


5 


61 


3 



8,842 



230, 884 
146, 163 



425 , 572 



8,269 
4,224 



16,138 



2,266 
1,192 



15,052 
63,885 
106,209 
51,278 
41,925 
26,277 
54,259 
33,137 
33,550 

110,829 



589 
2,650 
3,324 
2,001 
1,421 
1,465 
1,506 
1,346 
1,836 

3,943 



200 
713 
972 
553 
476 
405 
580 
407 
439 



21,945 

16,674 
9,901 

13,151 
7,868 
7,724 

28,566 



77,440 



1,025 
412 
497 
471 
395 
231 
912 



259 
96 
103 
121 
117 
103 
232 



2,781 
10, 323 
20,440 
14,131 

8,403 

7,600 
11,054 

2,703 

27,185 



50 
309 
593 
393 
374 
121 
525 
146 



14 
112 
152 
119 
109 

82 
142 

43 



4,580 
2,X0 
6,261 
3,881 

2,133 
3,735 
4,205 



51,347 



374 
53 

22 

112 
87 



4,212 
6,422 
16,345 
3,234 
4,165 
3,519 
7,471 
2,221 
3,758 

21,901 



317 
386 
410 

48 
165 
118 
272 

90 
187 



100 
94 

125 
17 
63 
57 
92 
39 
60 



4,557 
8,235 
1,890 
2,361 
1,346 
776 
2,736 



342 
190 
45 
35 
111 



6,992 



3,461 

1,862 

410 

1,259 



176,454 
87,983 



300,224 



11,841 
49,245 
66,880 
36,066 
28,130 
22,086 
31,954 
22,239 
31,733 

77,079 



20,613 
7,054 
3,647 
3,583 
3,382 
6,042 

17,758 



50,893 



9U 
6,104 

10, 325 
7,586 
7,655 
4,794 

10,234 
3,284 

16,944 



2,591 
1,650 
6,816 

775 

350 
2,235 
2,527 



36,304 



6,050 
5,928 
7,665 
960 
3,293 
2,186 
4,982 
1,867 
3,373 

13,135 



77 


5,077 


52 


3,174 


17 


552 


9 


550 


31 


1,866 



1,886 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.41 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusiness, 

sale3-si:,e group, 

geographic division.and 

metropolitan area 



AUTOMDTrVE—Cont Inued 

Automobiles, new and 
used — Continued 

Under $200,000 

United States, total,,. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

lA metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 27 

Los Angeles, Calif 7 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Other metro, areas 

Trucks, tractors 
(road type), total. 



$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total, 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Other metre, areas 

$500,000~$999,999 



United States, total.. 

Nev England 

Middle Atlantic 23 

East North Central 39 

West North Central , 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total, 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 10 

Chicago, 111 10 

Los Angeles, Calif 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif 

Washington, D. C 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total.. 

New England 25 

Middle Atlantic 110 

East North Central 113 

West North Central 36 

South Atlantic 81 

East South Central 29 

West South Central 59 

Mountain , 

Pacific , 

14 metro, areas, total, 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 34 

Chicago, 111 13 

Los Angeles, C^illf 7 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

S&n Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Estab' 

lish- 

ments 



(Num. 

bCT) 



Sa]e5, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollaTs) 



Oper 

anng 

ev 

penses 

(inc. 

pay 

roll) as 

pe- 

cent 
3f sales 



20,691 



3,001 
8,033 
3,222 

1,123 
1,355 
1,971 
1,044 
942 

6,599 



1,031 




3,025 




438 




446 




307 




503 




592 




257 




5,967 


15.4 



159, 817 



25,996 
28,807 
27,972 
21,232 
13,337 
31,171 
11,302 

63,420 



9,012 

7,923 

46,4«5 



143,443 



6,269 
16,300 
26,699 
11,196 
28,696 
12,876 
11,743 

5,929 
23,735 

33,017 



7,221 
7,322 
2,729 

3,983 
2,478 
9,284 



172,343 



7,655 
X,561 
37,518 
12,423 
25,550 

9,022 
18,872 

7,890 
18,852 

34,599 



9,917 
3,952 
2,044 
2,189 
1,706 
1,288 

1,769 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(TTioujand 
doll<irs) 



260 
238 
61 
115 
62 
91 



38 


11 


63 


27 


9 


9 


10 


6 


3 


5 


73 


> • . 


19 


12 


16 


3 



11,212 



1,249 
2,035 
1,479 
1,987 

765 
2,772 

925 

3,966 



400 

904 

2,662 



13,195 



532 
1,418 
2,655 

873 
3,021 
1,199 

930 

502 
2,065 

2,725 



683 
580 
277 

313 
259 
613 



17,028 



755 
3,428 
3,688 
1,227 
2,504 

792 
1,949 

754 
1,931 

3,743 



,107 
369 
163 
253 
160 



Active 
propri' 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Mum- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roU, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



ployees 
(Num- 



108 
114 
29 
53 
29 
45 
16 
17 



365 
496 
426 
522 
276 
613 
268 



129 
156 
609 



151 
393 
694 
267 
888 
372 
253 
142 
551 



156 
127 
69 

72 
76 
185 



5,563 



244 
1,182 
1,071 
423 
900 
327 
670 
247 
499 

1,109 



344 

106 
43 
87 



PSyroll 



(DolUrs) 



20, 540 



5,919 
5,327 
1,141 
3,118 
1,185 
1,801 
1,205 
844 

5,437 



899 

1,127 

480 

231 

55 

1,921 

368 

356 



311,189 



24,298 
36, 170 
24,356 
33,952 
18,273 
55,457 
18,683 

68,830 



8,297 
16, 163 
44,370 



248,040 



8,784 
25,205 
48,679 
18,098 
54,451 
22,065 
19,029 
11,082 
40,647 

49,331 



11,583 
9,823 
5,054 

6,595 
4,491 

11,735 



333,059 



13,695 
69, 184 
71,717 
24, 502 
48,800 
17,057 
36, 114 
16, 579 
35,411 

75,196 



22,847 
6,195 
3,480 
4,214 
3,255 
1,188 

4,884 



Kind of business Estab- 

sales-size group, lisj,- 

geographic division.and ments 

metropolitan area 

(J<um. 



AUTOMOTITi: — Continued 

Trucks, tractors — Ccr\. 
$200,000- -$499,999— Con. 
14 metro, areas — Con. 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C, 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn 

Under $200,000 

United Slates, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain. 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total... 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo. 

Washington, D. C. 

Cleveland Ohio. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 



Automotive parts, 
accessories, total. 



$5,000,000 and Over 



United States. 



$1 , 000, 000— $4 , 999 , 999 

United States, total.. 

New England. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastem New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Other metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total.., 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 



55 
171 
152 



34 
96 
125 
79 
65 
28 
60 
25 
61 



Sales, 
entire 



Cniotuand 
Sollars) 



3,112 
2,057 
1,013 
3,151 
1,456 
945 



70,364 



5,812 
17,458 
15,398 
4,829 
9,544 
3,149 
6,291 
1,983 
5,900 

15,826 



5,322 
1,482 
1,286 
1,895 
665 
1,339 

408 
1,002 
661 
312 
529 
656 
269 



2,283,686 



465,928 



18, 547 
71,995 
114,855 
80,022 
45,548 
19,513 
37,720 
18,158 
59,565 

226,194 



37,233 
27,984 
21,321 

9,363 
23,695 

9,135 

16,426 
7,882 

11,523 

22,337 
6,<.^5 

21,264 
9,576 



386,998 



23,094 
64,111 
83,322 

55,482 
43,206 
19,285 
41,697 
16,240 
40,561 



Oper 

ating 

ex- 
penses 

(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



293 
248 
149 
388 

194 



6,468 



561 
1,616 
1,355 
456 
993 
264 
570 
167 
486 

1.591 



545 
149 

94 
197 

51 
148 



55,368 



2,181 
9,164 
15,138 
8,847 
5,024 
1,951 
3,762 
2,039 
7,262 

28,313 



4,210 
3,345 
2,796 
1,322 
2,804 
963 

2,002 
1,078 
1,400 
3,858 
827 
2,422 
1,286 



60,214 



3,735 
9,405 
13,011 
8,657 
6,763 
3,278 
6,355 
2,418 
6,592 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



{Hum- 
bcr) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



r 

Em- 
ployees Pay roll 

(Num- 
ber) I (DoIUts) 



22 
132 

116 



7,578 



104 
64 
50 
75 
61 
42 



203 
629 
480 
278 
442 
133 
257 



173 
36 
3o 
68 

16 



2,438 



16,504 



713 
2,4U 
4,331 
2,928 
1,653 

647 
1,267 

642 
1,912 

7,725 



916 
933 
783 
394 

777 
297 

497 
303 
373 
996 
273 
769 
404 



17,832 



1,130 
2,904 
3,585 
2,595 
2,067 
1,065 
1,943 
731 
1,812 



5,505 
4,701 
2,929 
6,452 
3,934 
3,612 



139,654 



10,417 
33,344 
27,104 
13,794 
22,170 

5,951 
12,746 

3,405 
10,723 

31.140 



10,038 
2,820 
1,851 
3,722 
1,030 
2,467 

869 
1,742 
1,475 
1,417 

806 
1,760 
1,143 



142,508 



39,762 
157,527 
287,198 
182,135 
96,232 
40,020 
74,671 
41,222 
139,564 

531,082 



65,712 
60,410 
59,421 
23,029 
54,259 
15,850 

35,394 
21,034 
27,755 
76,683 
14,971 
51,634 
24,880 



66, 122 
184,704 
245,203 
166,674 
128, 178 

61,124 
118,863 

46,250 
125,957 



2.42 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.- SALES SIZE 



-SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 
STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusiness. 

sates si;e group, 

geographic division.and 

metropolitan area 



AUTOMOTIVE— Continued 

Automotive parts, 
accessories — Con. 

$500,000— $999,999— Con. 
14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oalcland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D, C 

Cleveland , Ohio 

MinneapDlis-5t. Paul, Minn, 

Other metro, areas , 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern Hew 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit , Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St, Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Bal timore , Md 

Minneapolis-St, Paul, Minn, 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central, 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul , Minn. 

Buffalo, N. Y 



Garage equipment, 
tools, total 



$1,000,000 and Over 
United States 



Estab- 

bsh- 

ments 



(Hum- 
be,) 



2,075 



136 
329 

458 
238 
253 
102 
219 
103 
237 



117 
72 
81 
40 
44 
33 

28 
18 
21 
14 
27 
12 
22 
14 



!,042 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dolldri) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
if sales 



365 

1,303 

1,581 

829 

899 

501 

970 

397 

1,197 

2,199 



510 
285 
367 
149 
128 



175 
117 
95 
40 
98 
63 
53 
39 



27,694 
21,759 
11,441 
6,154 
8,871 
7,559 

5,067 
5,203 
6,340 
2,857 
3,670 
9,269 
3,401 



631,458 



40,843 
100,073 
139,203 
73,465 
77,910 
31,455 
• 67,206 
29,237 
72,066 

165,756 



35,468 
21,749 
24,843 
12,441 
13,017 
9,881 

8,437 
5,697 
6,746 
4,487 
8,750 
3,752 
6,784 
3,704 



652,690 



31,189 
105,577 
126,222 
71,315 
73,978 
41,186 
71,045 
34,200 
97,978 

172,617 



38,367 
22,392 
28,480 
12,909 
9,743 
6,957 

13,540 
9,816 
8,347 
2,844 
7,304 
3,958 
4,122 
3,838 



75 ,461 



7,598 19.8 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



ber) 



3,806 
3,069 
1,713 
657 
1,252 
1,258 

720 
951 

1,339 
392 
821 

1,718 
455 



99,607 



6,548 
15,656 
23,203 
10,706 
12,356 
4,801 
9,668 
4,268 
12,401 

27,125 



5,693 
3,517 
4,356 
1,875 
1,999 
1,502 

1,464 

740 
1,235 

620 
1,611 

708 
1,137 

668 



10,745 



1,099 



32 
175 
230 
117 
109 

72 
142 

37 
185 



6,293 



4,490 
14,944 
18,777 
9,337 
10,426 
5,256 
8,669 
4,246 
14,100 

26 ,622 



251 

1,019 

1,274 

603 

575 

380 

791 

244 

1,156 

1.810 



5,828 
3,665 
4,389 
1,834 
1,421 
1,111 

2,176 

1,211 

1,360 

572 

1,092 

614 

631 

718 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



ployees 
(Hum- 



,101 
820 
481 
215 
298 
309 

170 
248 
360 
89 
230 
513 
149 



31,566 



2,131 
4,963 
7,054 
3,522 
4,039 
1,661 
3,229 
1,453 
3,514 

7,983 



426 
226 

370 
114 
125 



]61 
85 
49 
24 
71 
59 
49 
16 



1,683 
961 

1,250 
531 
554 
479 

356 
228 
404 
197 
W? 
248 
391 
204 



33,937 



1,761 
5,542 
6,671 
3,692 
4,178 
2,228 
3,601 
1,666 
4,598 

9jP99 



2,024 

1,138 

1,451 

678 

468 

409 

689 
449 
475 
213 
404 
264 
227 
210 



2,970 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



354,845 



77,748 
62,758 
32,158 
13,259 
25,113 
22,693 

12,175 
16,804 
25,598 

7,846 
15,630 
34,856 

8,207 



118,960 
301,584 
440,858 
208,158 
239,754 

89,338 
181,631 

84,333 
245,334 

522.402 



111,272 
66,423 
85,180 
34,282 
39,514 
28,919 

28,375 
14,263 
24,536 
12,505 
29,151 
12,899 
21,946 
13,137 



1,802,830 



88,073 
294,072 
370,984 
193,647 
204,148 
104,845 
175,362 

86,741 
284,958 

523.282 



114,188 
'70,280 
88,088 
36,027 
28,222 
21,857 

46,314 
24,309 
26,982 
11,701 
23,339 
12,055 
12,631 
12,289 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

gcographiL division,and 

metropoliun area 



AUTOMOTIVE— Continued 

Garage equipment, 
tools — Continued 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$200 ,000— $499 , 999 

United States , total . . . 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 
Jersey 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Pajll, Minn, 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 



Tires, tubes, total. 

$1,000,000 and Over 
United States 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 
ber) 



$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New ■ 

Jersey. 

Chicago, 111 

Other metro, areas 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
.{inc. 
■pay 
roll) aa 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



21,082 



2,269 
3,276 
3,404 
3,984 
4,090 
4,059 

10,853 



9 


3,067 


8 


2,622 


15 


4,345 


10 


3,001 


9 


2,714 


9 


2,526 


15 


4,446 


6 


2,154 



2,090 



787 
3,699 



21,906 



523 
2,391 
3,756 
2,330 
2,590 
1,370 
2,260 
1,370 
4,316 



1,419 
590 
655 
605 
365 

695 
238 
441 
327 
488 
279 
277 



3 


2,259 


5 


9,579 


1 


8,322 


4 


2,460 


3 


2,181 


5 


3,641 



17,969 



7,699 
2,498 
7,772 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri' 
ctore,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(>[um- 
ber) 



2,790 



334 
400 
741 
509 
499 
307 

1,556 



435 
441 
742 
330 
396 
291 
617 
269 

1,128 



152 
610 



2,643 



81 
294 
508 
231 
333 
195 
272 
157 
572 



154 
51 
42 
47 
63 

159 
30 
49 
61 
' 65 
28 
16 



17,554 



1,733 



332 
968 
885 
204 
244 
489 



736 
293 
861 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 



76 
98 
174 
144 
125 
92 



125 
137 
156 
135 

119 



35 
178 



29 
115 
165 



141 
52 
175 



5,779 



Pay roll 
(DolUri) 



113 
304 
215 
60 
97 
114 



215 
74 
257 



52,210 



6,627 

7,094 
12,741 
10,068 
9,507 
6,173 

29,115 



68,ua 



7,228 
8,935 

13,019 
6,498 
7,833 
5,375 

13,132 
6,128 



7,206 



2,463 
12,483 



54,532 



1,954 
6,296 

10,240 
4,995 
6,755 
4,868 
5,639 
2,847 

10,938 

14,876 



3,153 
777 
879 
843 

1,264 

2,553 

639 

1,086 

1,200 

1,156 

993 

323 



342,015 



57,642 



6,34S 
20,733 
W,262 
3,515 
4,522 
3,162 

36,203 



15,928 
5,000 
15,275 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.43 



Table 2B. -SALES SIZE-SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS-GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Opbrating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of ibusiness, 

salcssiw group, 

geographic division,ajid 

metropolitan area 



automotive:— Cont i nued 

Tires, tubes — Con, 

$200 ,000— $499, 999 

United States, total,. , 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

1*1 metro, areas, total, 

Ne« York -Northeastern New 

Jersey. 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St, Louis, Mo 

Washington, D, C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St, Paul, Minn. 
Other metro, areas. 

Under $200,000 
United States, total.,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

lA metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St, Louis, Mo 

Cleveland , Ohio , 

Baltimore , Md 

Minneapolis-St, Paul, Minn, 

Other metro, areas 



ELECTRICAL GOODS 

Electrical goods 
(general line), total 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 
bcr) 



19 


6,078 


55 


16,783 


37 


11,134 


22 


7,381 


30 


8,963 


B 


2,500 


12 


3,7U 


7 


1,842 


20 


7,076 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
pet' 
cent 
Df sales 



Middle Atlantic 13 

East North Central 15 

West North Central 12 

South Atlantic 7 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

li metro, areas, total. 



New York -Northeastern New 

Jersey 5 

Chicago, 111 6 

Los Angeles, Calif 4 

Philadelphia, Pa A 

Other metro, areas 23 

See footnotes at end of table. 



30.670 



3 


10,493 


? 


3,787 


7 


2,420 


3 


760 


7 


2,129 


5 


1,681 


5 


1,163 


5 


1,668 


i 


1,181 


3 


%5 


6 


1,957 


3 


1,105 


i 


1,361 



58.802 



53 


4,302 


148 


14,340 


127 


10,349 


62 


5,584 


93 


8,289 


32 


2,747 


56 


4,061 


38 


3,050 


74 


6,080 



6,234 
1,802 
2,205 
2,063 
1,375 
489 

1,140 
1,001 
1,311 
817 
786 
428 
327 



566,971 



101,766 
124,001 
81,115 
54,359 
39,767 
121,853 
44,110 



40,041 
56,344 
61,332 
34,278 
182,244 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dolhtrs) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Num- 
ber) 



6,935 



730 

1.554 

1.197 

825 

1,075 

234 

305 

208 

807 



788 
439 
304 
94 
272 
216 

144 

209 

82 

112 
336 
120 
143 



5,764 



465 
1,333 
949 
499 
885 
263 
425 
346 
599 

2,115 



663 
180 
2U 
172 
130 



174 
102 
126 
60 
102 



88,595 



37,647 



7,714 
8,749 
4,620 
3,229 
2,834 
7.780 
2.721 

25.951 



3.182 
4.068 
3,651 
2,625 
12,425 



41 
125 
129 
59 
66 
28 
47 
23 
82 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Xum- 



216 
504 
338 
244 
370 

72 
109 

56 
249 



237 
120 
89 
29 
64 
50 

49 
68 
24 
28 



2,286 



196 
496 
355 
196 
391 
131 
162 
134 
225 



210 
66 
76 
68 

41 



25.249 



10,806 



2,103 

2,399 

1,292 

967 

887 

2,242 

916 

7,294 



Pay roll 



(Dollarij 



130,786 



12,470 

29,995 

23.674 

U.161 

21,005 

3,854 

5,706 

3,601 

16,320 



14,450 
8,673 
5,890 
1,56" 
5,116 
3,176 

3,152 
3,191 
1,281 
2,020 
6.711 
1,992 
2.701 



119,315 



9,595 
25,496 
21,719 
9,955 
18,303 
5,438 
8,022 
7,348 
13,439 

42,164 



12,172 
4,142 
4,327 
3,609 
2,649 
1,383 

3,999 
1,818 
2,601 
1,093 
2,054 
1,140 
1,177 



755,056 



897 
1,007 
1,070 

658 
3,662 



144,430 
168,158 
90,948 
60.4x1 
72.318 
168,695 
50,096 



61,355 
76,324 
83,993 
44,016 
246,738 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



ELECIRICAL GOODS— Continued 

Electrical gooda 
(general line) — Con. 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif, 

San Eranclsco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Washington. D. C 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Baltimore. Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn, 

Other metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total,,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic. 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions, 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 



Estab- 
Ush- 
ments 



Mum- 



$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total, ., 

Middle Atlantic 

South Atlantic 

Other divisions, 

Under $200,000 

United States 

Wiring supplies, con- 
struction materials, 
total 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Other metro, areas 



1,837 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



785,500 



48,354 

111,358 

151,615 

64,599 

134,473 

54,693 

85,564 

41,954 

72,390 

115,805 



33,238 
5,877 
7,910 

13,689 
6,014 
7,673 
9.271 
6,745 

25,388 



63,034 



6,392 

11,502 

13,506 

7,411 

10,687 

5,775 

3.671 

4,090 

10,388 



2,540 
1,762 
6,086 



2,193 
1,079 
1,654 



702,468 



276,436 



58,018 
90,012 
35,412 
21,651 

5,714 
29,496 
29,466 

6,667 

134,325 



34,898 
31,910 
8,890 
5,287 
19,265 

6,511 
8,867 
18,697 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



45,003 



2,149 
8,124 
9,300 
4,406 
7.458 
2,537 
4,351 
2,129 
4,549 

9.448 



3,249 
447 
846 

830 
393 
559 
706 
267 
2,151 



5,145 



485 
1,124 
1,324 
484 
867 
391 
263 
207 

1,081 



210 
272 
599 



61.759 



1,815 



23,373 



5,485 
8,521 
2,577 
1,586 

351 
1,746 
2,562 

545 

11,981 



3,198 

2,918 

733 

411 

1,869 

525 

672 

1,655 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(J»(um- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



r 

Em- 
ployees Ply roll 



(Hum- 
ber) 



12,651 



656 


41,763 


2,038 


150.818 


2,669 


181,969 


1,275 


79,084 


2,163 


142,938 


779 


46,516 


1,249 


79,917 


627 


40,035 


1,195 


90,406 



730 


59,134 


112 


8,815 


212 


15,448 


222 


16.924 


105 


6.800 


180 


11.112 


205 


11,584 


85 


5,155 


487 


37,814 



120 


7,129 


428 


23,517 


359 


23,173 


161 


9,583 


284 


16,399 


118 


7,707 


79 


6,803 


72 


4,073 



64 
85 
176 



5,750 



1,373 
2,031 
692 
362 
85 
483 
594 
130 

2,738 



741 
657 
145 
106 
412 

124 
163 
390 



(Dollars) 



853,446 



172,786 



5,195 

5,531 

12,574 



8,313 



4,408 
1,447 
2,458 



1,477 



1.144,161 



413 .704 



103,298 

143,358 

45,750 

24,638 

5,932 

34,750 

47,298 

8,680 

210,875 



59,912 
45,729 
12,723 
7,493 
33,304 

10,065 
15,800 
25,349 



2.44 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusiness. 

salessijc group, 

geographic Jivision.and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 

lish- 

menta 



(Hum- 
bcr) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thtntsand 
dolUrs) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per' 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dpllan) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(>tum- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, worltweelc 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

{Hum- 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



Kind of business^ 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



Estab 
lish- 
ments 



(Num. 
bcr) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
do li ars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
'pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of salee 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
doUars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Hum- 
bcr) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Nura- 
M 



(DolUn) 



ELECTRICAL GOODS— Continued 

Wiring spls, construc- 
tion materials — Con. 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

Hew England 18 

Middle Atlantic ,' 61 

East North Central iv 

West North Central 12 

South Atlantic 2A 

East South Central, 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

lA raetro. areas, total. 

New York -Northeastern New 

Jersey 38 

Chicago, 111 11 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit , Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. A 

Buffalo, N. Y A 

Other metro, areas 5 



$200,000— $499,999 



United States, total.. 

New England A3 

Middle Atlantic 153 

East North Central 106 

West North Central 27 

South Atlantic 55 

East South Central lA 

West South Central 31 

Mountain 7 

Pacific 

1.+ raetro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 86 

Chicago, 111 25 

Los Angeles, Calif 31 

Philadelphia, Pa 22 

Detroit, Mich 14 

Boston, Mass 

San Frajicisco-Oailand, 

Calif 1... 10 

Pittsburgh, Pa 5 

St. Louis, Mo 6 

Washington, D. C 

Baltimore, Md 

Miraieapolis-St. Paul, Minn, 
Other metro, areas 

Und"r $200,000 



United States, total,. 

New England 76 

Middle Atlantic 353 

East North Central 157 

West North Central 60 

South Atlantic 73 

East South Central 39 

West South Central , 

Mountain 25 

Pacific 123 

lA metro, areas, total.., 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 215 

Chicago, 111 52 

Los Angeles, Calif 55 

Philadelphia, Pa 50 

Detroit, Mich 14 

Boston , Mass 29 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif 21 

Pittsburgh, Pa 15 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 14 

Baltimore, Md 10 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn, 6 

Other metro, areas 8 

See footnotes at end of table. 



152,134 



14,285 



12,506 
40,931 
33,768 
9,287 
15,837 
4,022 
8,590 
4,365 
22,828 

73.340 



1,381 

3,751 

3,317 

678 

1,168 

519 

533 

385 

2,553 

7.099 



368 
987 
952 
193 
372 
137 
216 
92 
622 

1.769 



26,540 
8,108 
7,977 
4,832 
3,186 
4,118 

4,188 
1,808 
3,372 
3,153 
2,560 
3,498 



162,351 



2,470 
779 
855 
376 
220 
387 

617 
133 
333 
220 
409 
300 



14,945 



596 
199 
212 
108 
57 
100 

140 
21 

118 
52 

101 
65 



4,611 



14,202 

49,051 

32,978 

8,594 

18,188 

4,815 

9,894 

1,912 

22,717 

77,723 



1,368 

4,376 

3,104 

855 

1,719 

333 

783 

185 

2,222 

7,359 



420 

1,314 

1,004 

264 

509 

116 

276 

53 

655 

2.165 



28,090 
7,948 

10,668 
6,871 
4,237 
6,404 

3,606 
1,333 
2,032 
1,511 
1,790 
1,3% 
1,832 



79,836 



2,585 
646 

1,210 
573 
301 
687 

310 
S8 
177 
239 
190 
80 
273 



7,341 



677 
200 
352 
202 

103 
195 

115 
40 
44 
70 
63 
27 
77 



2,824 



6,839 
29,864 
13,360 
5,140 
6,462 
3,700 
3,985 
1,553 
8,933 

41,334 



18.5 



565 
2,475 
1,419 
614 
563 
299 
316 
168 
922 

3,748 



47 
294 
117 
52 
45 
30 
39 
16 
108 



233 
948 
542 
211 
241 
139 
138 
67 
305 

1.368 



17,947 
3,623 
3,638 
4,%1 
1,058 
2,844 

1,786 
1,214 
827 
1,536 
678 
512 
710 



1,584 
319 
327 
364 
116 
256 

222 
62 

109 

175 
61 
48 

105 



168 
53 
60 
49 
14 



545 

124 
123 
167 
45 
103 

62 
36 
32 
56 
23 
14 
38 



267,489 



22,948 
68,368 
64,832 
12,946 
22,109 

9,127 
10,756 

7,574 
48,829 



43,411 
15,563 
15,322 
6,443 
4,597 
6,504 

11,737 
1,779 
6,337 
2,192 
7,360 
5,684 



280,950 



24,723 
80,244 
56,914 
16,618 
30,935 

6,780 
16,190 

3,656 
44,890 

138,193 



45,758 
11,555 
23,928 
11,431 
5,584 
12,462 

6, -646 
1,624 
3,829 
4,421 
3,635 
1,547 
5,773 



150,451 



10,869 
49,347 
29,695 
12,502 
11,648 
■5,667 
6,675 
4,214 
19,834 

76,825 



30,530 
6,579 
7,625 
7,642 
2,288 
5,0% 

5,060 
1,186 
2,116 
4,166 
1,204 
1,186 
2,147 



ELECTRICAL GOODS— Continued 

Apparatus an4 
equipment, total.... 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States 



$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total,,. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific , 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States , total . , 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central, , 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central , 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total, 

New York-Northeastem New 
Jersey , 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston , Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn, 

Other metro, areas , 



15 
115 
67 
24 
19 
14 
21 



139,431 



18,587 



5,293 



31,543 



2,232 



3.191 



8,671 
6,825 
4,307 
4,861 
6,879 

15,306 



30,460 



540 
930 
537 
319 
865 



5,456 



121 
256 
122 
116 
232 



1,375 



7,579 
8,647 
2,308 
3,003 
2,322 
3,372 
3,229 

14,812 



1,108 
1,623 
190 
579 
635 
638 
683 

2,396 



387 
34 
159 
180 
175 
152 



5,283 
2,475 
7,049 



814 

422 

1,160 



4,047 



222 

89 

246 



1,187 



8 


2,330 




22 


6,815 




18 


5,369 




7 


2,465 




5 


1,636 




5 


1,470 




12 


3,958 




5 


1,278 





495 


3 


136 


976 


14 


295 


,031 


1 


266 


348 


4 


116 


322 


2 


101 


115 


5 


29 


479 


17 


137 


281 


4 


107 



3,774 
770 
923 
1,230 
1,566 
4,166 



25.521 



516 
41 
148 
280 
299 
730 



3.661 



160 
21 
31 
67 
71 

228 



1.282 



1,629 
8,%7 
5,295 
1,600 
1,487 
1,177 
1,756 
556 
3,054 

J.4,911 



240 
1,240 
348 
205 
262 
175 
218 
66 
407 

2,036 



70 
417 
302 
80 
97 
63 
85 
24 
144 



6,116 
1,392 
1,517 
1,312 
553 
917 

687 
427 
497 
644 
168 
295 
386 



868 


49 


293 


UO 


10 


49 


197 


28 


70 


164 


17 


53 


36 


7 


26 


117 


6 


39 


74 


8 


23 


89 


2 


31 


74 


9 


25 


98 


3 


33 


40 


1 


14 


28 


2 


10 


61 


3 


19 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.45 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pav Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusiness, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropobtan area 



ELECTBICAL GOODS— Continued 



Radios, television 
sets, total 



$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

Other divisions 

14 metro . areas 

tl,000,000--$4,999,999 

United States, total... 

New England, , 

Middle Atlantic 

Eafet North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey. 

Chicago, 111 

Boston, Mass 

St. Louis, Mo 

Baltimore, Md 

Other metro, areas. 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastem New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central, 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastem New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass , 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Buffalo, N, Y 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 



Estate 
lish- 

mcnts 



(Hum- 
bcr) 



1,173 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



pen sea 

(inc 

pay 

roll) as 
per- 
cent 

dollars) 



37 
181 
157 

60 



122,692 



79,131 
43,561 



149,826 



15,294 
45,098 
25,177 
20,875 
15,168 
7,028 
8,313 
12,873 

96,637 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



40,168 



4,128 
3,461 



7,589 



11,560 



36,339 
13,824 

3,978 
10,830 

7,002 
24,664 



10 


£,203 


27 


17,219 


17 


12,032 


7 


5,527 


15 


10,632 


5 


2,967 


5 


3,454 


5 


3,891 


13 


7,821 



27,528 



9,995 
2,847 

2,422 

2,097 
10,167 



73,941 



1,208 
3,298 
1,808 
1,772 
1,103 
551 
523 
1,297 

7,517 



Active 
propri- 
etors.* 
Novem' 
ber 






Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. IS 



Em- 
ployees 



(Num- 
ber) I (Dollarj) 



1,035 
1,064 



3,045 



2,586 
896 
370 
836 
472 

2,357 



6,897 



413 
1,833 
1,304 
541 
832 
284 
453 
376 
861 

3,018 



17 


5,138 


54 


16,196 


46 


15,095 


18 


5,236 


32 


10,524 


11 


3,366 


23 


6,808 


8 


2,569 


30 


9,009 



32 


9,883 


10 


3,720 


11 


3,087 


3 


765 


7 


2,216 


6 


2,031 


8 


2,739 


3 


636 


5 


1,676 


5 


1,450 


3 


983 


5 


1,425 



59,575 



3,228 
14,773 
11,295 

5,311 



1,149 
329 

240 

156 

1,144 



7,787 



534 

1,713 

1,716 

515 

1,130 

308 

640 

241 

990 

3,339 



333 
867 
421 
468 
350 
134 
150 
322 



Payroll 



573 
191 
96 
214 
123 
707 



1,996 



101 
582 
321 
166 
261 
85 
135 
103 
242 



315 
83 

75 
41 
388 



2,343 



1,114 
363 
339 
25 
339 
176 

293 
68 
170 
147 
140 
165 



6,335 



347 
1,412 
1,290 

598 



19 
147 
123 

52 



183 
511 
455 
191 
314 
113 
185 
87 
304 



300 
97 
94 
12 
87 
63 

93 
23 
50 
41 
32 
58 



2,468 



130 
534 
476 
268 



784,657 



75,241 
73,287 



148,528 



215,253 



22,263 
57,077 
34,379 
31,253 
20,978 
9,873 
11,230 
28,200 

139,463 



44,315 
16,615 

6,420 
16,590 

7,967 
47,556 



7, 

3'', 
24 

9 
17 

6 

8 

7,' 
15 



60,971 



22,028 
6,710 

4,726 

3,045 

24,462 



153,616 



11,018 
32,688 
32,575 
11,519 
21,759 

6,454 
11,218 

5,083 
21,302 

65,544 



22,077 
6,410 
6,666 
508 
6,541 
3,953 

5,933 
1,326 

3,433 
2,875 
2,024 
3,798 



133,720 



6,602 
29,580 
26,565 
13,112 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



ELECTRICAL GOODS— Continued 

Radios, television 
sets — Continued 

Under t200,000 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain , 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St, Louis, Mo 

Washington, D, C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Mlnneapolls-St. Paul, Minn, 

Buffalo, N, Y 

Refrigerators, equip- 
ment (household), 
total 

♦5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

Sast North Central 

West North Central 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$1,000,000—44,999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain, 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas 



$200 . 000— $999 , 999 
United States, total. 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 



New England 

Middle Atlantic... 
East North Central. 
West North Central. 

South Atlantic 

East South Central. 
West South Central. 

Mountain 

Pacific 



W metro, areas. 



Under $200,000 
United States, total... 



New England 

Middle Atlantic... 
East North Central. 
West North Central. 
East South Central. 
West South Central, 

Pacific 

Other divisions.... 



14 metro, areas. 



See footnotes at end of table. 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(TJioujand 
dollgn) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 

{inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



110 
42 
38 
16 



6,174 
1,835 
5,713 
2,764 
8,482 

22,690 



8,369 
2,729 
3,520 
1,353 
666 
566 

940 
386 
1,310 
521 
456 
534 
607 
733 



437,675 



246,514 



60,061 
60,089 
27,255 
31,150 
67,959 

152,479 



155,402 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



778 
216 
606 
265 
823 

2,514 



13,475 
23,757 
25,130 
14,103 
25,283 
13,885 
19,859 
11,232 
8,678 

25,535 



30,617 



4,414 
4,649 
4,498 
3,655 
4,009 
1,999 
1,878 
3,474 
2,041 

4,229 



5,142 



855 
375 
284 
120 
71 
67 



165 
106 
96 
74 
57 
76 



23,902 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(T^um- 
be,) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Num- 
ber) 



T 



Pay roll 



(Do\Uts) 



295 
86 
263 
108 
308 



289 
127 
110 
61 
23 
18 



11,228 



3,457 
2,682 
1,353 
1,541 
2,195 



9,801 



455 
676 
1,620 
679 
515 
538 
342 
317 

1,331 22.3 



730 
1,490 
1,710 

990 
1,588 

806 
1,300 

565 

622 

1,366 



2,249 



330 
320 
408 
229 
254 
186 
123 
254 
145 



41 
62 
206 
66 

61 
105 
39 
44 



896 
662 
376 
440 
648 



2,648 



177 
395 
391 
424 
370 
192 
363 
176 
160 



97 
108 
115 
74 
90 
34 
42 
58 
35 



14,777 
4,407 

13,844 
5,379 

19,454 

52,157 



18,039 
7,998 
6,212 
2,419 
1,439 
1,076 

3,508 
445 
3,082 
1,804 
2,457 
967 
1,442 
1,269 



470,897 



226,975 



67,158 
52,672 
23,696 
32,521 
50,928 

143,755 



186,196 



13,201 
30,529 
28,530 
22,572 
26,873 
14,623 
25,280 
10,275 
14,313 

28,875 



43,169 



5,428 
6,784 
8,542 
4,313 
4,440 
3,769 
2,622 
3,910 
3,361 

9,237 



14,557 



689 
1,044 
3,673 
1,448 
1,163 
4,%1 
737 
842 

3,250 



2.46 



WHOLESALE TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.- SALES SIZE- SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SEI^ECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of 'business, 

salessije group, 

geographic Jivision.and 

metropolitan area 



Esub- 
Ush- 
mcnts 



(Hum- 
ber) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ev 

penses 
(inc. 
pay 

roll) as 
pel' 
cent 

af sale; 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(.Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri 
etors," 
Novem- 
ber 



(^lUTTl- 

bcr) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(T^um- 
_berL 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
Ush- 
ments 



(Hum- 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
doilaTs) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
•pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors/ 
Novem- 
ber 

(Hum- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 



Pay roll 
(Dollar) 



ELECTRICAL GOODS— Cjniin .ed 

Electrical appliances 
{general line), total 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United Stales, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 
New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Other metro, areas 

$1 ,000, 000— $4, 999, 999 

United States, to^al... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

lA metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Pittsburgh, r'a 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 



$500, 000— $999 , 999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$200,OC10-$499,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

Mountain 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Boston, Mass 

St . Louis , Mo 

Other metro, areas 



See footnotes at end of table. 



755,509 12. 



312,517 



130,513 
50, 675 
33,084 
58,408 
39,837 

272,259 



65,906 
35,156 
45,136 
126,061 



375,133 



14,177 
83,754 
80,837 
28,272 
57, 556 
19,830 
36,632 
17,970 
36, 105 

103, 161 



7,983 
5,977 
11,775 
14,050 
10, 997 
16,024 
8,307 
28,048 



46,728 



10,561 
9,916 
4,398 

14,071 
2,830 
4,952 

12,106 



15,762 



2,651 
2,976 
3,824 
3,502 
1,148 
1,661 

4,566 



1,578 
1,073 
1,915 



5,369 20.4 



655 
1,734 

823 
1,242 

360 

555 

2,893 



1,052,978 



ELECTRICAL (MODS— Continued 

Other appliances, spe- 
cialties, total 



21,326 



5,548 



9,067 
3,581 
2,157 
3,760 
2,761 

18,439 



4,255 
2,040 
3,348 

8,796 



28,082 



506 
421 
417 
497 
1,052 



1,203 
6,796 
6,024 
2,061 
3,436 
1,513 
2,797 
1,335 
2,917 

8 ,950 



656 

563 
1,134 
1,292 

918 
1,281 

686 
2,420 



3,321 



733 
759 
275 
1,067 
133 
354 

957 



183 
409 
262 
250 
87 
128 



39 
143 
73 
97 
37 
55 



2,359 
864 
666 
941 
718 

4,818 



1,090 
516 
873 

2,339 



7,097 



305 
1,759 
1,451 
573 
840 
321 
757 
374 
717 

2,139 



129 
107 
293 
324 
232 
282 
169 
603 



221 
216 

77 , 

290 j 
43 ' 



24 
20 

91 



12 

15 1 
46 



424,139 



200,134 
72,865 
44,719 
62,969 
43,452 

371,739 



104,957 
38,412 
63,213 

165,157 



527.354 



22, 124 
122,790 
114,490 
38,235 
69, 657 
24,269 
52,863 
24,274 
58,652 

176,043 



11,025 
8,968 
19,849 
23,242 
20,733 
26,216 
12,191 
53,819 



63,334 



13,477 
14,169 
4,990 
20, 571 
3,613 
6,514 

18,319 



44 


2,576 


130 


9,728 


85 


6,096 


70 


5,053 


28 


1,562 


42 


2,670 



1,767 

809 

6,828 



16 


784 


54 


2,957 


28 


1,405 


50 


2,969 


10 


761 


24 


1,590 



962 
450 
5CK 
880 

2,801 



$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

1-4 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif , 

Detroit, Mich , 

Other metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total.., 

New England 

Middle Atlantic , 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total, 

Hew York -Northeast em New 
Jersey , 

Chicago, 111 

Other metro . areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 



14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Detroit, Mich 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Clevelanf!, Ohio 

Other metro . areas 



Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit , Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, CaliC 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore , Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 
Buffalo, N. Y 



27,014 



207,405 



22,554 
46,157 
32,787 
37,524 
14,927 
20,256 
19,144 
14,056 

89, 933 



J^5^553 

1,755 
3,610 
2,314 
3,118 

1,279 
1,355 
1,195 

927 

6,629 



33,873 

8,065 

8,641 

11,472 

27,882 



2,694 
508 
582 
794 

2,051 



4,799 



7 


5,059 


17 


11,332 


22 


15,231 


8 


5,334 


7 


4,951 


4 


2,826 


5 


3,790 


3 


2,293 


5 


3,439 



23,296 



455 
1,175 
1,378 
384 
367 
223 
252 
153 
412 

2,397 



9,090 
4,718 
9,488 



39,167 



1,033 
432 
932 



3,551 



10,727 
9,913 
3,007 
3,277 
3,040 
2,737 
4,461 
2,005 

19,423 



985 
1,016 
155 
291 
239 
218 
500 
147 

2,166 



6,828 
3,330 
2,423 
2,175 
1,086 
1,258 
2,323 



28,062 



13 


895 


111 


8,022 


91 


6,476 


30 


2,123 


36 


3,017 


11 


994 


22 


1,475 


18 


1,292 


53 


3,768 



14,626 



71 


4,224 


27 


1,853 


26 


2,066 


10 


952 


9 


658 


6 


380 


4 


378 


8 


1,055 


9 


490 


3 


250 


12 


893 


7 


529 


7 


367 


8 


531 



688 
241 
225 
286 
99 
257 
370 



3,111 



115 
872 
678 
199 
346 
90 
97 
153 
561 



435 
852 
614 
752 
308 
362 
293 
247 



592 
154 
146 
179 
597 



551 

139 I 

274 

55 

82 I 

49 ' 

81 

93 

46 

60 

90 

50 



115 
428 
378 
132 
122 
60 
86 
45 
106 



354 
104 
255 



1,119 



283 
339 
45 
96 
81 
77 
141 
57 



176 
67 
66 

110 
42 
57 

118 



43 

336 

272 

79 

124 

52 

51 

53 

206 



182 
65 

108 
31 
30 
24 
22 
50 
18 
13 
37 
22 
18 
17 



277,422 



30,218 
58,111 
41, 534 
52,983 
22,004 
27,202 
26,538 
18,732 

115,576 



42,356 
9,582 
14,111 
12,962 
36, 565 



99,252 



7,473 
24,815 
27,673 
10,103 
7,843 
6,547 
4,865 
2,892 
7,041 

49, 552 



22,088 
9,071 
18,393 



69,006 



18,203 
20,332 
2,688 
5,781 
5,009 
4,705 
9,663 
2,625 

41,644 



12,610 
4,454 
4,683 
6,665 
2,194 
4,321 
6,717 



69,045 



2,594 
19,648 
14,720 
3,616 
6,074 
3,113 
4,978 
2,975 
11,327 

35,791 



11,237 

3,232 

5,593 

1,224 

1,894 

1,341 

1,482 

3,262 

762 

1,016 

1,736 

1,100 

976 

936 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2,47 



Table 2B.~SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of business, 

sales-sise group, 

geographic division, and 

metropolitan area 



HARDWARE^PLUMBING, HEATING 

Hardware, general line 
(with industrial 
department), total.. 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total 

East North Cen'.ral 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West Sou^h Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total, 

Nev York-Northeastem New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111. 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Bos'on, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif. 

Washington, D.C 

Mlnneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Other ineTo. areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total . . 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Philadelphia, Pa 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Other metro . areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic. 

East Nor'h Central 

Other divisions 

14 me t ro . areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, toUl... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

Hardware, general line 
(without industrial 
department) , total. . 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

West North Central 

East South Central 

Other divisions 



Estab- 

Ush- 

ments 



(Hum- 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dotlari) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 

(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per' 

cent 
sf sale; 



11 


8,068 


21 


K,040 


16 


11,590 


6 


i,906 


5 


3,592 


3 


2,525 


li 


9,623 


i 


2,734 



1,190,307 



691,258 



164,617 

1U,332 

35,339 

125,097 

eb,srr2 

122,706 
42,295 



263,297 16.1 



432.602 



21,728 
73,599 
72,186 
30,582 
84,438 
31,483 
22,937 
41,224 
54,425 

76,821 



12,258 
6,129 
9,613 
4,007 

14,398 
9,212 
11,721 
11,483 



5,008 
2,894 



3,814 

6,890 



6,856 



2,353 

1,689 
2,814 



2,513 



818 
518 
397 
780 

1,054 



486,626 U.8 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



68,047 



168.454 13.1 



58,326 
32,386 
77,742 



17,697 
11,332 

2,897 
11,859 

6,447 
12,244 

5,571 

29,377 



46,439 



Active 
ptopn- 
etors,* 
Novem' 
ber 



ber) 



2,544 
8,970 
8,349 
3,473 
8,049 
2,873 
2,017 
3,839 
6,325 

10,792 



1,761 
925 

1,060 
674 

1,830 
1,335 
1,679 
1,528 



6,567 



1,025 

1,738 

1,335 

378 

434 

215 

1,204 

238 

2,457 



583 
349 



586 
939 



300 

177 
304 



110 
62 
47 
84 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(.Hum- 



35,024 



19,455 



14,161 



4,379 
3,586 
6,196 



4,868 
3,553 
839 
3,583 
1,925 
3,368 
1,319 

8,176 



13,240 



783 
2,755 
2,239 
1,006 
2,066 
766 
679 
1,241 
1,705 

2,809 



458 

180 
300 
177 

428 
375 
396 
495 



332 
539 

378 
124 
105 

70 
312 

83 



151 
115 



156 
236 



1,243 
1,078 
1,918 



Pay roll 



(Dollar;) 



2,228,817 



1,254,074 



323,179 
212,905 
56,055 
217,816 
116,420 
221,986 
105,713 

543,036 



837,321 



41,435 
161,863 
146,511 
61,641 
142,186 
46,471 
36,879 
78,096 
122,239 

194,298 



32,158 
14,975 
21,454 
9,710 

33,878 
24,563 
30,307 
27,253 



114,449 



16,273 
31,677 
21,253 
6,412 
8,212 
3,507 
22,635 
4,480 

43,747 



11,075 
5,995 



11,384 
15,293 



5,463 
3,533 
7,552 



6,425 



32 


1,754 


20 


1,241 


17 


1,170 


40 


2,260 



254.164 



83,188 
62,512 

108.464 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic divisicn,and 

metropolitan area 



HARDWARE, PLUMBING, 
HEATING—Continued 

Hardware (without in- 
dustrial dept.) — Con, 

$5,000,000 and Over--Con. 



14 metro, areas. 



$1 , 000 ,000— $4 , 999, 999 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Los Angeles, Calif., 

Baltimore, Md 

Other metro, 



$500,000--$999,999 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastem New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Bostcn, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central , 

South Atlantic , 

East South Central , 

West South Central , 

Pacific , 

Other divisions , 

14 metro, areas, total, 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

Hardware, specialty 
lines, total 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



her) 



Sales, 
entire 



(Thousand 
dollar;) 



224,943 



14,314 
27,273 
33,401 
32,858 
38,917 
10,540 
35,096 
5,111 
27,433 

55,446 



10,211 

11,102 

5,288 

28,845 



12 


8,485 


21 


14,585 


14 


8,277 


4 


2,701 


22 


14,627 


12 


8,490 


11 


8,183 


6 


4,283 


13 


9,509 



9,143 
3,572 
1,905 
2,435 

2,801 
3,765 



10,915 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollar;) 



23,350 



1,682 
3,587 
3,253 
3,144 

4,330 
928 

3,510 
358 

2,553 

6,493 



1,541 

1,019 

612 

3,321 



7,971 



1,010 

1,604 

1,009 

332 

1,247 

639 

845 

273 

1,012 

2,588 



2,035 
2,077 
2,093 
1,145 
1,070 
1,296 
1,194 

4,141 



1,137 

750 

2,254 



3,174 



1,617 
370 
425 
762 

1,906 



304,850 



65,435 



5,612 
9,047 
8,097 
14,823 
14,459 
8,222 
5,175 



925 
434 
264 
321 

202 
442 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(7*ium- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees Pay roll 



(?^^UTn- 
ber) 



(Dollars) 



500 
1,043 
930 
936 
1,091 
333 
966 
111 
697 

1,808 



393 
246 
170 
999 



2.328 



294 
430 
295 
105 
416 
220 
223 
78 
267 



207 
227 
185 
131 
122 
158 
151 



166 

34 

281 



32,515 



7,194 



806 
1,264 

831 
1,332 
1,576 

714 

621 



1,080 



227 
104 
72 

61 

48 
132 



200 
230 
268 
433 
468 
159 
249 



421,603 



31,233 
67,933 
58,185 
56,922 
70,482 
16,342 
63,373 
7,160 
49,973 

120,206 



24,733 
18,899 
9,306 
67,268 



141 ,494 



17,143 
27,955 
17,717 

5,455 
22,839 
11,226 
15,322 

5,655 
a8,182 

44,694 



15,231 
7,176 
4,451 
5,582 

3,454 
8,800 



57 


3,590 


80 


4,276 


68 


4,003 


39 


2,234 


33 


1,965 


42 


2,787 


49 


2,376 



9,700 



2,837 
1,844 
5,019 



'■,■'22 



2,655 
705 
430 
832 

3,055 



608,525 



129,298 



13,973 
21,801 
15,300 
24,355 
30,417 
11,939 
11,513 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2.48 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.- SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusincss, 

sales-sue group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



HARDWARE, PLUMBING, 
HEATING— Cont inued 

Hardware, specialty 
lines — Continued 

$1,000,000 and Over— Con. 

14 me tro . areas, 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 
ber) 



$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Other divisions , 

K metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Boston, Mass 

St. Louis, Mo 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

Eas: North Central 

West Nor'.h Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Ics Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

DetTOit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St, Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore , Md 

Other metro, areas , 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St, Louis, Ho 

Washington, D, C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Hd 

Minneapolis-St. Paul,Minn,, 
Buffalo, N. Y 



Sales, 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per' 
cent 
ji sales 



6 


3,976 


21 


13,906 


12 


7,771 


7 


5,027 


10 


6,713 


6 


3,680 


7 


4,797 


5 


3,614 



27 


7,813 


143 


44,252 


55 


17,150 


19 


6,226 


34 


12,025 


18 


5,887 


22 


7,241 


7 


2,335 


48 


14,375 



100 
25 
21 

19 



23,105 



22,533 



11,419 
2,652 
2,354 

6,108 



117,354 



67.095 



30,865 
7,693 
6,617 
5,848 
1,192 
4,574 

2,715 

1,087 
2,083 
1,645 
1,371 
1,405 



72,577 



60 


4,773 


405 


30,378 


159 


12,662 


51 


3,761 


62 


4,700 


15 


998 


45 


4,438 


18 


1,402 


124 


9,465 



45,755 



320 


23,821 


58 


4,460 


55 


3,978 


34 


2,516 


22 


1,612 


27 


2,297 



434 
888 
338 
1,058 
768 
569 
642 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
doll ars) 



Active 
propn- 
etots.* 
NoverD' 
ber 



ba) 



Paid employees and 

pay roU, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
ber) 



3,074 



5,057 



396 
1,668 
1,018 
477 
556 
282 
362 
298 



1,343 
244 
201 
626 



13.085 



804 

5,020 

1,945 

655 

1,166 

722 

665 

201 

1,907 



3,730 
841 
968 
550 
143 
518 

34* 

112 
182 
243 
156 
256 



7,179 



544 

2,975 

1,285 

370 

544 

117 

436 

89 

819 

4.531 



2,372 
406 
397 
178 
201 
293 

212 

76 
83 
28 
54 
76 
64 
91 



12 
111 
44 
7 
15 
6 
24 



34 
339 
141 
45 
35 
15 
37 
U 
132 



264 
56 
60 
33 

30 
12 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



154 
448 
249 
169 
184 
104 
136 
71 



366 


25,195 


89 


5,313 


77 


3,907 


148 


10,170 



3,818 



274 
1,378 
544 
186 
389 
237 
223 
82 
505 

2,178 



905 
250 
255 
219 
30 
161 



2.720 



218 
1,077 
452 
155 
230 
49 
186 
38 
315 



851 
142 
163 
75 
56 
110 



52,471 



94,059 



8,196 

30,112 

18,040 

9,385 

10,155 

5,663 

6,983 

5,525 



241,028 



15,245 
90,456 
35,286 
11,317 
20,791 
13,949 
14, 148 
4,486 
35,350 

147,379 



66,224 
16,319 
17,988 
10,716 
2,384 
9,509 

6,459 

2,233 
3,546 
4,487 
2,914 
4.600 



144,140 



10,273 
57,345 
24,675 
7,711 
11,465 
2,451 
9,078 
1,862 
19,280 

90.893 



45,875 
8,116 
8,372 
3,313 
3,452 
5,346 

6,279 

1,512 
1,814 
1,048 
1,324 
1.467 
1,460 
1,515 



Kind of business. 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



HARDWARE, PLUMBING, 
HEATING— Continued 

Plumbing, heating 
(general line), total 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

South Atlantic 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro areas, total.. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, Gil if. 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 
Other metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic, 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total.. 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

St. IjOuis, Mo. 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111. 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland ,C&lif. 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St, Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 
Other metro, areas 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 
ber) 



1,951 



53 
122 
54 
22 
48 
8 
30 
15 
29 



70 
189 
95 
34 
59 
17 
33 
14 
35 



Sales, 
entire 



(Thousand 
doltdrs) 



Oper- 
ating 

ex- 
penses 
<inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per- 
cent 
of sales 



28,039 
29,692 



622,493 



37,045 
163,456 
96,858 
72,821 
90,036 
32,191 
40,497 
9,047 
78,542 

241,059 



71 ,240 
19,964 
12,314 
24,654 
10,944 

9,307 
30,245 

7,258 
10,934 
10,605 

7,596 
14,791 
11,207 



271,983 



36,042 
84,913 
41,168 
14,883 
36,434 
6,651 
20,406 
10,485 
21,001 

111,510 



40,692 
10,941 
6,533 
16,381 
10,371 
4,832 
3,489 
6,976 
3,391 
7,854 



185,034 



23,768 
62,262 
32,879 
11,072 
20,772 

6,291 
11,829 

5,513 
10,693 

78,290 



94 


29,507 


22 


7,474 


9 


2,637 


31 


10,354 


U 


3,800 


20 


6,911 


7 


2,207 


5 


2,003 


8 


2,447 


9 


3,107 


U 


3,977 


6 


1,970 


6 


1,896 



Pay roll 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



1,490 
1,947 



2,587 



50,753 



3,481 
13,347 
9,328 
5,993 
5,971 
1,937 
3,527 
636 
6,533 

20,173 



5,360 

1,799 

1,016 

1,330 

1,124 

948 

2,567 

1,099 

913 

816 

726 

1,223 

752 



22,269 



3,060 
6,967 
3,690 
1,336 
3,067 

476 
1,454 

725 
1,444 

9,185 



3,331 
938 
436 

1,221 
859 
480 
365 
647 
285 
623 



16,447 



2,222 

4,873 

3,099 

1,001 

1,773 

634 

981 

522 

1,332 

6,656 



2,374 
572 
228 
840 
329 
682 
290 
121 
293 
241 
362 
150 
174 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Hum- 
her) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
ber) 



471 
455 



13,108 



873 
3,399 

2,267 

1,552 

1,733 

623 

849 

171 

1,641 

4,911 



1,238 
430 
222 
494 
241 
198 
661 
277 
268 
192 
154 
303 
233 



5,949 



857 
1,744 
917 
373 
861 
151 
433 
205 
408 

2,228 



771 
220 

80 
344 
222 
112 

87 
169 

68 
155 



4,833 



635 
1,451 
894 
295 
544 
163 
333 
162 
351 

1,866 



639 

168 
66 

263 
94 

200 
65 
38 
81 
66 
99 
38 
44 



Payroll 



(DoOars) 



58,381 



25,302 
33,079 



42,136 



911,181 



57,325 

244,563 

164,860 

116,410 

102,053 

34,935 

59,745 

11,598 

119,692 

368.618 



97,668 
33,344 
19,565 
34,440 
21,746 
14,662 
48,617 
19,872 
15,784 
14,403 
10,177 
23,549 
14,791 



398,538 



54,549 
122,853 
66,740 
26,559 
51,386 
9,204 
27,524 
13,169 
26,554 

165,909 



57,776 
14,862 

7,605 
21,995 
15,230 

8,377 

7,550 
11,499 

5,188 
15,827 



306.597 



37,713 
88,859 
59,676 
19,275 
31,604 
11,633 
21,830 
11,127 
24,875 

122.648 



42,452 

11,048 
5,474 

15,962 
6,064 

12,413 
5,204 
2,314 
5,521 
4,682 
6,128 
2,603 
2,778 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.49 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE- 



-SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OP.BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 
STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusiness, 

sales- sise group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



HAJ1DWARE, PLUMBING, 
fiEATING — Continued 

Plumbing, heating 
{gen. line) — Con. 

Under $200,000 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oal£land£allf. 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Bal t Imore , Md 

Mlnneapolls-St. Paul, Minn. 
Buffalo, N. Y 

Heating (Inc. stoves, 
ranges), total 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$500,000~$9'59,999 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey. 

Chicago, 111 

Detroit, Mich 

San Franc isco-OaklanclCallC 
Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland yCalU: 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Other metro, areas 



Estab- 
ments 



(Hum- 
her) 



bi 


6,771 


307 


29,022 


117 


11, 7U 


32 


3,377 


i6 


*,833 


15 


1,554 


31 


3,303 


16 


1,837 


a 


4,070 



179 


16,590 


43 


4,179 


18 


1,535 


51 


4,756 


12 


1,398 


21 


1,915 


6 


547 


9 


914 


5 


561 


7 


1,057 


7 


593 


8 


901 


5 


395 



Sale3, 
enDrc 
year 



(Thousand 
dolldra) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per' 
cent 
^f salei 



66,481 



35,341 



171,017 



64.917 



19,985 
11,706 
11,936 
21,290 

39,644 



35,843 



3 


1,926 


9 


6,528 


15 


9,334 


5 


3,938 


4 


2,770 


5 


3,351 


4 


2,928 


7 


5,068 



15,504 



2,139 
2,610 
2,233 
2,380 
6,142 



7 


2,106 


35 


11,423 


37 


11,390 


17 


5,543 


10 


3,143 


4 


1,348 


7 


2,224 


8 


2,535 


8 


2,529 



20,463 



27 


8,852 


7 


2,079 


3 


1,181 


5 


1,451 


4 


987 


4 


1,391 


4 


1,236 


10 


3,286 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



6,027 



608 
2,382 
1,189 
307 
460 
178 
256 
159 
488 

3,010 



1,368 
380 
156 
332 

97 
104 

45 
125 



129 
39 



15,895 



4.887 



1,613 
714 
988 

1,572 

3,322 



3,266 



215 
565 
990 
274 
250 
251 
250 
471 



301 
253 
330 
220 
491 



4,325 



216 
1,142 
1,385 
489 
281 
199 
173 
195 
245 

2,249 



821 
234 

88 
240 
120 

95 
108 
543 



Active 
propri' 
etors.* 
Novem 
ber 



(Num 
ber) 



36 
232 

92 
30 
32 

10 
10 

a 

28 
271 



115 
38 
11 
47 
10 
11 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended neazut 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 



(Num- 
ber) I (Dollart) 



250 
884 
409 
132 
215 

74 
121 

57 
156 

1,079 



464 

131 



4,394 



1,151 



440 
174 
152 
385 



54 
128 
250 

87 
103 

58 

67 
132 



1,200 



272 

417 

142 

78 

54 

68 



187 
97 
28 
57 
35 
25 
29 

136 



Pay roll 



127,344 



12 , 570 

48,744 

24,597 

6,850 

10,672 

4,387 

5,801 

3,219 

10,504 

61,785 



26,290 
7,956 
3,901 
6,979 
2,208 
2,049 
1,072 
2,400 
943 
2,253 
1,328 
3,132 
1,274 



304,422 



85,474 



28,122 

11,881 
18,729 
26,742 

59,029 



65,226 



3,770 
10,338 
19,898 
4,505 
8,321 
4,274 
3,716 
10,404 

33,907 



65 


5,153 


72 


4,449 


69 


7,350 


87 


7,258 


119 


9,697 



64,371 



3,905 
19,051 
30,376 
8,986 
5,354 
3,807 
3,760 
3,975 
5,157 

43,050 



13,697 
6,753 
1,588 
5,153 
2,341 
1,722 
2,248 
9,548 



Kind of bu-siness, 

sales-size group, 

geographic divt5ion,and 

metropolitan area 



HARDWARE, PLUMBING, 
HEAT ING— Con t inued 

Heating (inc. stoves 
ranges) — Continued 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain , 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total, 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, Calif. 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minne^polis-St. Paul, Minn. 
Other metro, areas 

plumbing fixtures, 
supplies, total 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States 

$l,000,000--$4,999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

Mountain 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Detroit, Mich 

Other metro, areas 

$500 , 000— $999 ,999 
United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— -$499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 



Estab- 
hsh- 
ments 






32 


2,614 


85 


6,947 


82 


6,742 


36 


3,167 


29 


2,721 


8 


850 


10 


1,065 


11 


1,012 


36 


2,898 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



28,016 



13,219 



4,504 
1,383 
617 
726 
870 
1,112 
525 
597 
481 
607 
858 
668 
271 



322,062 



29,924 



3 


8,454 


21 


37,365 


13 


20,942 


5 


5,560 


4 


7,593 


3 


3,804 


7 


8,994 


3 


5,107 



23,129 
4,763 
6,192 

22,761 



4 


2,722 


32 


22,126 


16 


12,088 


4 


2,622 


12 


8,973 


17 


11,463 


23 


16,464 


4 


2,439 



12,736 
4,516 
9,338 
3,142 
4,11'- 
2,079 

5,;ii 



14 


4,376 


57 


18,361 


41 


14,13,- 


15 


4,660 


14 


4,726 


3 


1,059 


30 


9,260 


5 


1,829 


40 


13,499 



Oper 
ating 

ex- 
penses 
(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per- 
cent 
of sail 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
doll<irs) 



3,417 



394 
961 
826 
372 
273 
107 
79 



655 

190 

56 

124 

127 

163 

41 

105 

29 

53 

85 

80 

41 



28,920 



8,763 



659 
3,567 
2,003 
580 
731 
262 
688 
345 

5,353 



2,423 
469 
675 

1,786 



7,305 



233 
2,466 
973 
299 
943 
975 

1,240 
176 

3,935 



1,196 
341 
769 
449 
519 
87 
574 



6,111 



404 

1,499 

1,423 

408 

4 56 

71 

506 

179 

1,165 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(7s[um- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
ber) 



138 


7,704 


299 


17,927 


259 


17,794 


133 


7,015 


112 


5,178 


46 


2,265 


29 


2,120 


35 


1,867 


113 


7,481 



205 
44 
18 
39 
43 
61 
20 
29 
14 
14 
31 



2,105 



221 
773 
492 
119 
206 
63 
134 



1,161 



490 
116 
135 
420 



1,785 



619 
222 
63 
221 
263 



280 
72 

183 
96 
96 
25 

101 



1,705 



114 
404 
328 
127 
144 
25 
163 



Pay roll 



(Dollari) 



34,648 



12,751 
3,475 
1,076 
2,091 
3,390 
3,638 
1,375 
1,602 

643 
1,132 
1,392 
1,529 

554 



156,827 



12,323 
64,019 
34,384 

9,437 
11,658 

4,582 
14,319 

6,055 

96,583 



42,835 
8,016 
9,839 

35,893 



133,282 



3,804 
44,960 
17,504 

5,821 
16,863 
19,515 

22,825 
1,990 

70.828 



20,396 
5,712 

15,098 
7,148 

10,181 
1,568 

10,725 



119,790 



6,611 
28,081 
25,523 
7,516 
S,560 
1,303 
9,082 
3,461 
29,653 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2.50 



WHOLESALE TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.-SALES SIZE-SERVICE WHOLESALERS. BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments. Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusiness, 

sales-sue group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 

Ush- 

ments 



(Hum- 
bcr) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollaTs) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex' 

pensea 
(inc. 
pay 

roll) as 
per' 
cent 

3f sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri' 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(>ium- 
hcr) 



ftid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
bcr) 



Pay roll 



iDollars) 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 
he) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
Jinc, 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollaTs) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem' 
ber 

btr) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 

be) 



Pay roll 
(DoOnn) 



HABDWAKE, PLUMBING, 
HEATING— continued 

Plumbing fixtures, 
supplies — Con. 

$200,000— $499,999— Con. 
K metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Other mefro. areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

K metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia , Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pit tsburgh. Pa 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

Air conditioning, ven- 
tilating equipment, 
total 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States 

14 metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions. 

14 metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

St. Louis, Mo 

Other metro, areas 



114 
21 



13,356 
2,722 
7,419 
1,882 
1,457 
1,152 

4,199 
1,246 
3,132 

978 

1,099 

988 



43,515 



4,021 
12,645 
6,824 
2,146 
4,643 
1,668 
3,428 
948 
7,192 

23,480 



1,237 
344 
653 
112 
132 



360 
55 
308 
113 



3,886 



307 
59 

228 
36 
34 
22 

91 
29 
71 
36 
23 
17 



1,484 



338 
,142 
644 
213 
376 
184 
260 



35 
125 
59 
18 
26 
15 
26 
7 
64 



157 
445 
207 



102 

30 

243 



8,401 
1,724 
4,032 
1,460 
997 
1,428 

893 
1,129 
1,039 
677 
876 
467 
357 



813 
172 
350 
123 
122 
113 

122 
82 



299 
51 

135 
4S 
30 
53 

36 
40 
23 
19 
23 
17 



3,802 



33,859 
15,802 



20,828 



20.5 
23.9 



3,759 
4,689 
2,873 
2,938 
3,044 
3,525 

9,441 



21 ,994 



4,175 
2,330 



3,184 



1,232 

635 



549 
680 
391 
551 
328 
685 



3,579 
5,771 
3,556 
3,079 
3,954 
2,055 

7,385 



720 
656 
414 
554 
501 
174 

1,205 



196 
142 
110 
154 
150 
52 



2,701 

1,148 

926 

2,610 



626 
111 



176 
27 
31 
78 



73,592 



22,839 
6,390 

19,715 
2,009 
2,421 
1,251 

7,063 
1,161 
5,343 
2,039 
1,347 
2,014 



78,317 



7,279 
22,319 
11,912 
4,429 
7,338 
• 3,707 
4,928 
2,082 
14,323 

42,518 



15,769 
2,802 
7,726 
2,505 
1,939 
2,330 

1,965 

1,755 

2,032 

889 

1,412 

769 

625 



259,680 



86,372 
47,071 



147 


11,016 


138 


12,126 


150 


6,617 


187 


10,672 


75 


6,633 


208 


.13,994 



59,650 



13,113 
13,623 
8,405 
9,983 
10,663 
3,863 

23,601 



11,479 
2,665 
2,549 
6,908 



HARDWAilE, PLUMBING, 
HKATING — Continued 

Air conditioning, ven- 
tilating equipment — 
Continued 

Under $200,000 

United States, total, ., 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey. ■. 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Other metro . areas 

LUMBER, CONSTHUCTION 
MATER lAIS 

Lumber, millwork 
(with yards), total. 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions > 

14 metro, areas 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United states, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Mlnneapolls-St. Paul,Minn.. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 



23 

105 

103 

34 

56 

20 



18 
107 
72 
23 
42 
32 
38 
10 
75 



18,875 



2,668 



52,600 



605 
3,940 
4,530 
1,843 
1,903 
1,029 
3,319 

456 
1,250 



131 
627 
595 
228 
209 
150 
418 
47 
263 



197 
186 
79 
70 
58 
134 
16 
75 



2,431 

10,706 

11,165 

4,963 

4,361 

3,153 

9,059 

903 

5,859 

21,371 



2,878 
1,070 
648 
716 
942 
284 
326 
338 
319 



460 
103 
120 
108 
123 
101 
47 



137 
22 
39 
32 

33 
31 
20 

15 
16 



7,604 
1,652 
2,975 
1,878 
2,531 
1,717 
1,044 
1,116 
854 



2,613,947 



289,771 



13,122 



3,048 



236,780 



56,193 
88,451 
86,879 
58,248 

231,477 



870,052 



2,033 
3,090 
4,025 
3,974 

9,765 



70,395 



395 
614 
962 

1,077 

2,213 



19,171 



36,026 
55,212 
73,315 
72,227 

177,813 



46,587 
198,926 
189,269 
58,324 
101,591 
34,316 
76,693 
26,206 
138,135 



3,263 
17,594 
15,995 
5,226 
9,021 
2,537 
6,157 
1,531 
9,071 

57,683 



865 
4,577 
4,080 
1,456 
2,797 

904 
1,962 

452 
2,078 



58,327 
329,022 
293,022 

94,435 
163,452 

47,766 
108,538 

28,125 
166,531 



104,609 
49,982 
56 ,325 
44,741 
35,899 
25,811 

25,068 
9,422 
14,571 
14,226 
10,757 
26,567 
6,114 
13,831 



295,602 



8,695 
4,393 
4,658 
4,664 
3,249 
1,561 

1,706 
426 

1,590 

1,141 
741 

2,628 
671 

1,560 



28,416 



1,997 

994 

1,127 

1,392 

754 

367 

369 
137 
448 
283 
224 
823 
142 
40O 



8,565 



151,873 
82,175 
88,704 
87,703 
56,895 
27,517 

32,509 
7,499 
30,471 
20,377 
16,673 
49,118 
10,349 
31,172 



525,812 



13,305 
74,790 
50,943 
16,720 
28,810 
22,301 
27,859 
7,404 
53,470 



1,541 
7,740 
5,435 
1,601 
2,963 
2,196 
1,773 
548 
4,619 



433 
1,953 
1,405 

452 
1,195 
1,038 

662 

182 
1,240 



28,371 
139,035 
99,736 
29,230 
53,053 
39,755 
34,184 
9,881 
92,517 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.51 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of (business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division.and 

metropolitan area 



24 
151 
112 
24 
75 
45 
42 
13 
97 



LUMBER, CONSTBUCTION 

MATH) lALS— Con. 

Lumber, millwork (with 

yards ) — Continued 

$500 ,000— $-399 ,999 
14 me'ro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

boston. Mass 

San Franclsco-Oakland/:allC 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolls-St. Paul, Minn. 
Buffalo, N. Y 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland /:alif. 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Minneapolls-St, Paul, Minn. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, 'otal 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 Metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeaslem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Bos ton. Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland (Calif. 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolls-St. Paul, Mirm. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

Brick, tile, terra 
cotta, total 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United S'ates, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 



See footnotes at end of table. 



Estab- 

Ush- 

ments 



(Aium- 
ber) 



69 
266 
137 
37 
80 
52 
75 
15 
99 



171 
39 
42 
26 
16 
21 
17 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
Df sales 



43,848 
11,801 
19,145 
7,445 
5,617 
4,509 
10,607 
5,111 
4,674 
2,500 
2,399 
6,737 
1,998 
6,538 



188,954 



8,280 
48,077 
36,100 

7,724 
25,4i2 
14,190 
13,651 

4,129 
31,361 

79,304 



24,376 
12,467 
9,448 
6,212 
3,409 
2,252 
7,053 
3,373 
2,036 
2,923 
1,478 
2,113 
2,164 



76,705 



5,634 
23,838 
12,435 
3,792 
3,058 
4,762 
7,329 
1,344 
9,513 

35,097 



15,470 

4,003 

3,970 

1,957 

1,778 

1,980 

1,465 

994 

941 

447 

788 

671 

633 



26,369 



15,270 
13,099 



Active 
Pay roll, propri- 
cntire etors,* 
year Novem- 
ber 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



4,781 
1,613 
1,654 
504 
564 
580 
816 
522 
478 
162 
319 
759 
162 
574 



19,256 



755 
5,718 
4,124 

625 
2,469 
1,372 
1,201 

398 
2,594 

8,565 



2,981 
1,447 
521 
594 
475 
134 
800 
422 
232 
414 
89 
269 
187 



9,656 



914 

3,411 

1,591 

457 

1,094 

528 

643 

151 

867 

4,427 



2,080 
556 
355 

277 
167 
297 
131 
125 
132 
49 
68 
101 
89 



7,749 



1,846 



1,191 
655 



(>Iuni- 



37 
159 



105 
21 
38 

19 

5 

10 

18 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Num- 
ber) 



3,291 



1,138 
393 
440 
130 
104 
111 
206 

99 
125 

56 

80 
208 

46 
155 



■6,699 



248 

1,692 

1,140 

207 

1,211 

777 

503 

140 

781 

2,373 



779 

353 

163 

199 

120 

46 

234 

126 

72 

99 

22 

83 



4,439 



439 
1,374 
639 
175 
634 
397 
393 
75 
313 

1,668 



2,125 



249 
185 



Pay roll 
(Dolldri) 



83,961 
31,403 
32,035 
9,305 
9,374 
10,277 
15,940 
7,901 
8,913 
2,946 
6,347 
11,813 
3,811 
11,234 



360,721 



14,547 
101,526 
^3,316 
11,245 
49,118 
25,421 
24,297 
8,294 
52,957 

158,369 



53,089 
25,299 
10,211 
11,210 
8,415 
2,618 
18,247 
6,742 
4,499 
7,957 
1,259 
4,447 
4,376 



201,416 



17,177 
69,119 
31,643 

9,335 
22,150 
11,688 
17,425 

3,950 
18,929 

89,846 



745 


42,027 


219 


11,180 


142 


8,964 


124 


5,503 


49 


3,190 


150 


5,326 


45 


2,568 


56 


2,515 


37 


2,266 


16 


837 


28 


2,103 


33 


1,996 


24 


1,371 



147,350 



34,731 



22,166 
12,565 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



LUMBER, CONSTRUCTION 
MATERIALS— Con. 

Brick, tile, terra 
cotta — Continued 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Detroit, Mich 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Detroit, Mich 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia , Pa 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Other metro, areas 

Cement, lime, 
plaster, total 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

South Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Other metro, areas, 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(>ium- 
JerL 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 
ating 
ex- 
penses 

(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per- 
cent 
of sales 



32,790 



11,255 

10,257 

3,373 

2,675 

5,230 

20,149 



8,022 
2,883 
2,674 
6,570 



20,566 



1,101 
8,074 
5,722 
1,722 
1,362 
1,346 
1,239 

14,799 



6,425 
1,574 
1,108 
1,061 
4,631 



11,597 



5,266 
2,553 
815 
733 
898 
789 
543 

7,243 



3,245 
353 
630 
558 
394 
903 

1,160 



51,030 



21,062 
5,887 
6,247 

17,834 

31,866 



26,347 



1,916 
7,466 
4,675 
3,397 
6,350 
2,543 

14,182 



5,654 
1,824 
6,704 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Tfwuiand 
dollars) 



2,883 



1,112 
842 
200 
157 
572 

1,959 



793 
232 
197 
737 



1,775 



61 
676 
498 
143 
106 

32 
209 



438 
180 
113 
54 
448 



587 
311 
43 
43 
100 
89 
72 



433 
38 

73 
50 
11 
173 
69 



5,487 



1,394 
565 

1,157 
2,371 

2,616 



2,955 



195 
1,040 
419 
274 
763 
264 

1,606 



775 
182 
649 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Num- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

{Hum- 
brr) 



282 

204 

53 



177 
62 
67 

183 



15 
193 
132 
34 
33 
24 
71 



13 


8,318 


41 


3,460 


29 


2,503 


12 


1,034 


39 


9,477 



223 
97 
16 
26 
36 
26 
26 



303 
138 
314 
673 



60 
264 

119 
94 

191 
86 



187 
45 
185 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



52,111 



18,332 
16,497 
3,495 
3,092 
10,695 

34,709 



12,754 
3,785 
4,443 

13,727 



35,862 



872 
13,505 
10,205 
2,367 
1,990 
1,362 
5,061 

24 ,792 



24,646 



11,936 
5,981 
863 
900 
2,057 
1,490 
1,419 

15,941 



8,568 
727 
902 
946 
213 
3,089 
1,496 



233,263 



105,721 



22,468 
9,709 
26,965 
46,579 

52,723 



56,252 



3,367 
13,943 

7,726 

4,449 
16,480 

5,287 

29,097 



14,101 
3,337 
11,659 



2.52 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE- 



SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 
STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusiness, 

salcs'SiK group, 

geographic division.and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Num- 
ber) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
doliaTs) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per' 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll. 

entire 
year 



(Thousand 
doilcrs) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(>(um- 
bcT) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. IS 



Em- 
ployees 



Pay roll 



(Hum- 
her) j (DoilaTs) 



Kind of business 

sales-si&e group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex' 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Hum- 
bcr) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployeea Pay roll 



(Num- 
ber) 



(Dollars) 



LUMBER, CONSTRUCTION 
MATER IAI£— Con. 

Cement, lime, 
plaster — Con. 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

lA metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total.. 

New England , 

Middle Atlantic 30 

East North Central 13 

West North Central 3 

South Atlantic A 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

lA metro, areas 



Glass (building) , total. 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Other divisions 

lA metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 
Jersey 

Los Angeles, Calif 

San Francisco-Oaliland, 
Calif 3 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 3 

Other metro, areas 7 

$200,000— $-199,999 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic , 

East North Central 

West North Central , 

South Atlantic , 

East South Central , 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific , 

14 metro, areas, total, 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey , 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif , 

Philadelphia , Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Other metro, areas , 

See footnotes at end of table. 



3 


1,159 


24 


7,967 


24 


7,659 


3 


1,219 


8 


2,974 


7 


2,361 


5 


1,441 



14,127 



5,136 
3,009 
1,217 
1,293 
3,472 



6,862 



763 
3,475 
1,014 
264 
4S8 
618 
240 

3,908 



109,219 



2,821 



124 
891 
1,072 
115 
257 
269 
93 

1,663 



578 
424 



178 
406 



17,432 
15,495 
10,153 



25,092 



7,799 
2,557 
3,280 
2,178 
5,994 
3,284 

14,838 



3,727 
1,948 

2,044 
2,166 
4,953 



24,854 



4 


1,201 


16 


5,335 


18 


5,696 


6 


2,100 


6 


2,134 


5 


1,832 


6 


2,078 


3 


982 


11 


3,496 



10,414 



2,066 
856 
1,274 
1,347 
1,005 
3,866 



104 
373 
87 
40 
26 
57 
21 



20,723 



42 


2,380 


285 


17,913 


288 


22,506 


36 


2,058 


101 


4,583 


81 


5,456 


32 


1,996 



167 
96 
20 
65 

123 



7,758 



2,689 
2,708 
2,361 

4,894 



4,727 



1,070 
667 
603 
487 

1,246 
654 

2,8U 



442 
469 

443 
461 
996 



4,816 



191 
927 
1,141 
460 
545 
339 
465 
183 
565 

2,083 



340 
228 
279 
188 
271 
777 



34 

140 
27 
14 
11 
IB 
9 



5,776 



646 
679 

651 



260 
168 
169 
130 
295 
196 



72 
112 

85 
112 
281 



1,405 



61 
234 

353 
153 
148 

99 
162 

61 
134 



72 
72 
52 
62 
70 
215 



32,987 



11,836 
8,473 
1,338 
3,259 
8,081 



14,398 



1,877 

7,913 

1,421 

822 

453 

1,408 

499 

8,455 



44,003 
43,676 
40,969 



87,869 



16,430 
11,706 
11,575 
8,085 
26,611 
13,462 

51,159 



5,892 

10,560 

9,042 
7,615 

18,050 



94,226 



3,494 
18,351 
24,382 
9,230 
8,975 
5,334 
11,021 
2,733 
10,606 

42,302 



6,339 
4,558 
4,772 
3,928 
6,241 
16,464 



LUMBER, CONSTRnCTION 
MiTERIALS— Con. 

Glass(buildlng) — Con. 



Under $200,000 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Centi;pl 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oalcland, 
Calif 

Other metro, areas 

Sand, gravel, crushed 
stone, total 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total.. 

East North Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$500,000~$999,999 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$200 , 000— $499 , 999 

United States, total.., 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Other divisions. 

14 metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Other metro, areas 



Ready-mixed concrete 
distributors, total.. 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United states, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 



15 


1,275 


51 


4,107 


37 


2,253 


17 


1,285 


18 


1,432 


9 


832 


18 


1,611 


6 


740 


31 


2,603 



6,872 



2,482 
448 

1,182 
422 
205 
621 

418 
1,094 



34,654 
13,053 



10,039 



3,782 
2,077 
2,017 
2,163 

5,759 



11,061 45.2 



396 
267 
303 
239 
405 
164 
531 

1,489 



515 
81 

297 
99 



74 
232 



9,315 



1,549 
1,813 



2,901 



949 
150 
214 
362 



4,581 
3,322 
3,158 



9,056 



749 

1,889 

3,464 

583 

596 

320 

1,222 

233 

4,260 



1,548 
609 
130 

1,109 
364 



88,707 



36,900 
11,023 
7,680 
8,322 
16,936 
7,346 



373 
593 
599 



2,213 



237 
523 
349 
117 
117 

53 
261 

56 

1,005 



419 
151 
27 
226 
182 



14,895 



6,233 
2,012 
1,451 
1,513 
2,576 
1,110 



101 
254 
145 
100 
113 

97 
161 

52 
154 



142 
29 
86 
33 
14 
42 

20 
83 



2,762 



1,065 



473 
587 



181 
41 
46 

106 



214 
219 
177 



148 
234 
45 
48 
15 
96 
38 



114 
37 
15 
57 
56 



9,104 



3,946 



1,572 
510 
475 
409 
657 
323 



70,355 



6,110 
15.100 
8,445 
5,962 
5,856 
5,063 
8,593 
3,141 
12,085 

30,271 



9,241 
1,656 
6,841 
1,571 
1,001 
2,957 

1,7W 
5,290 



194,974 



78,444 



35,573 
42,871 



33,151 



18,713 
2,521 
4,486 
7,431 

19,838 



39,296 



16,749 
12,315 
10,232 

17,649 



44,083 



4,573 
10,262 
16,223 
2,312 
2,492 
1,143 
5,986 
1,092 

19,900 



8,213 
2,986 
807 
4,435 
3,459 



299,174 



119,363 
39,824 
30,932 
36,979 
49,101 
22,975 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.53 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

EsTABLiSHMENTS, SaLES, OPERATING ExPENSE RaTIOS, PaY RoLL, AND PERSONNEL 



Kind of Ibusiness, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



LUMBER, CONSraUCTION 
MATER lALS—C'-n. 

Ready-nii xed concrete 
distributors — Con. 

$1,000,000 and Over — Con, 

lA metro, areas, total. 

New york-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Other metro, areas 

$500 ,000--$999 , 999 

United States, total.,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

lA metr-:!, areas, total. 

New York -Northeastern New 
Jersey 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $i 99, 999 

United States, total,. , 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

H metro, areas, total. 

New York -Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Los Angeles , Calif 

St, Louis, Mo 

Other metro, areas. 

Under $200,000 

United States, total,.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central , 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total, 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

St, Louis, Mo. 

Other metro, areas 

Roofing, siding, in- 
sulation, total 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States 

14 metro, areas 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

Other divisions 



14 metro, areas. 



Efitab- 

lisb- 

ments 






Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousarid 
dollars) 



Opef 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
if sales 



5i,475 



22,390 
U,510 
17,575 



«3,127 



3,034 
5,Oi2 
8,717 
6,317 
5,682 
3,095 
8,039 
3,201 

7,579 



2,139 



2,317 
3,123 



28,258 



1,072 
2,295 
4,739 
4,285 
3,197 
1,660 
3,541 
1,997 
5,472 

4,680 



1,115 

748 

1,628 

1,189 



15,311 



882 
1,252 
2,922 
1,706 

901 

532 
2,787 

854 
3,475 

1,731 



377 
613 
251 
490 



■y ,531 

26,831 



54,929 



6,693 
18,860 
6,624 
6,718 
3,515 
6,234 
6,285 

30,659 



15.1 
15.1 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propn- 
etors," 
Novem- 
ber 

(>{um- 
ber) 



4,192 
2,041 
2,385 



7,084 



400 
1,007 
1,512 
1,126 

827 

650 
1,012 

550 

1,240 



195 
613 



180 
572 
848 
868 
576 
255 
511 
426 
1,191 

907 



286 
156 
260 
205 



180 
215 
628 
311 
125 
78 
500 
140 
515 



13,330 



2,288 
2,288 



3,746 



440 
1,232 
671 
322 
126 
519 
436 

1,796 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Num- 



1,025 
547 
622 



120 
323 
397 
404 
337 
183 
278 
185 



39 

209 



61 
174 
234 
309 
228 

91 
194 
158 
333 



38 

110 
52 



1,149 



62 
82 

263 

135 
75 
48 

248 
47 

189 



3,700 



600 
600 



124 
269 
156 
78 
57 
145 
241 



Pay roll 



(Dollari) 



166,844 



78,373 
40,990 
47,481 



153,768 



8,623 
23,849 
31,710 
24,114 
18,255 
12,308 
25,263 

9,646 

28,222 



9,162 



3,%3 
15,097 



103,568 



3,173 
10,875 
15,344 
15,347 
11,702 
4,480 
9,020 
9,776 
23,851 

18,065 



5,643 
3,161 
5,331 
3,930 



60,995 



3,830 
4,210 

14,922 
6,383 
2,996 
1,596 

10,954 
2,697 

13,407 

9,298 



2,195 

3,520 

884 

2,699 



261,749 



56,374 
56,374 



66,473 



7,968 
21.501 
11,076 
5,422 
2,471 
8,389 
9,646 

30,831 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division.and 

metropolitan area 



LUMBER, CONSTOUCTION 
MATERIALS— Con. 

Roofing, siding, 
insulation — Con, 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East Nortti Central 

West North Central 

Soutti Atlantic 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Other divisions. 

14 metro, areas, total. 

Ney York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Other metro, areas. 

$200 ,000— $499 , 999 

United States, total,., 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

lA metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia , Pa 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic , 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

Vest South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Buffalo, N. Y , 

Other metro, areas 

Miscellaneous con- 
struction materials 
total 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Philadelphia, Pa 

.Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa , 

Other metro, areas 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Wum- 



17 


11,783 


21 


13,614 


4 


3,073 


5 


3,773 


3 


2,243 


3 


2,291 


4 


2,922 



Sales, 
entite 



(Xhousartd 
dollar) 



Oper 

ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per. 
cent 
of sates 



39,699 



20,914 



7,952 
5,612 

7,350 



37,6U 



1,598 
15,886 
9,276 
5,329 
1,797 
1,122 
1,74Q 
866 

17,607 



7,805 
938 
1,846 
1,330 
5,688 



14,553 



423 

5,126 

3,570 

838 

1,344 

637 

738 

305 

1,572 

6,328 



2,648 
736 
473 
507 
430 
249 

1,285 



160,939 



10,129 
42,442 
28,931 
13,087 
19,784 
16,811 
7,676 
22,079 

63,265 



17,565 
7,197 
6,774 

5,451 
11,252 
15,026 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



3,192 



1,194 
899 
IX 
198 
402 
198 
167 

1,844 



1,024 
347 
473 



2,754 



110 
1,164 
643 
394 
198 

61 
122 

62 

1,572 



736 
59 

102 
77 

598 



32 
447 
374 
148 

91 



18,115 



719 
4,768 
3,337 
1,214 
3,121 
2,047 

446 
2,463 

6,320 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(7n(uwi- 
bcr) 



1,508 

1,210 

573 

326 
1,449 
1,254 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



r 

Em- 
ployees Pay roll 

(Nura- 
ber) 



(DollaTi) 



271 


22,962 


206 


16,994 


43 


2,423 


50 


3,266 


84 


5,214 


48 


3,759 


52 


2,784 



225 

86 
110 



35 
305 
157 
115 
101 
24 
35 
24 



19,775 
7,015 
8,525 



54,696 



29 
10 
104 



12 
139 
113 
60 
45 
22 
39 
8 
42 

212 



5,046 



176 
1,247 
774 
394 
916 
769 
140 
630 

1,564 



385 
339 
139 

79 
363 
259 



2,138 
21,260 
14,601 
7,521 
4,030 
1,163 
2,763 
1,220 

29,948 



13,385 
1,189 
1,744 
1,403 

12,227 



26,804 



624 
8,434 
6,327 
4,311 
1,857 
1,233 
1,279 

570 
2,169 

13,465 



5,337 
1,450 
440 
943 
639 
440 
4,166 



335,216 



13,806 
92,961 
58,940 
20,584 
54,751 
40,253 
9,172 
44,749 

121,456 



28,449 
22,250 

11,431 

5,781 
30,859 
22,686 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2.54 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B. — SALES SIZE- 



SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 
STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of ihusiness. 

sales- SI 5C group, 

geographic division.and 

metropolitan area 



LUMBER, CONSTRUCTION 
MATERIALS— Con. 

Misc. construction 
materials — Con. 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

Hew England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain. 

Pacific 

lA metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles , Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit , Mich 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Minneapol i s -St . Paul, Minn, 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey. . -. 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St, Louis, Ho 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total,.. 

New England. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain, 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey. 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St, Louis, Ho 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn, 

Other metro, areas 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 
ber) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thouiflnd 
dollars) 



Oper 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per' 
cent 
of sales 



103,615 



5,508 

19,017 

24,856 

9,896 

8,910 

5,296 

10,437 

2,053 

17,642 



7,950 
3,201 
2,035 
2,510 
2,513 

3,901 
2,581 
2,372 
4,729 



82,856 



12 


3,548 


67 


20,634 


71 


22,955 


27 


9,767 


26 


8,299 


10 


2,914 


15 


4,932 


4 


1,468 


27 


8,339 



28,662 



10,053 
3,842 
2,319 
2,600 
863 

2,154 
2,189 
1,724 
1,484 
1,434 



31,884 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novein- 
ber 



ber) 



10.093 



623 

1,574 

2,413 

552 

783 

624 

1,187 

97 

2,240 

2,523 



633 
286 

115 
151 
199 

585 

254 

30 

269 



9,178 



13 


1,048 


90 


8,422 


85 


3,225 


28 


2,694 


49 


4,665 


11 


976 


14 


1,469 


12 


962 


42 


3,423 



3,619 
1,377 
1,134 
1,237 
472 

289 
552 
192 

1,421 
405 
315 
508 



23.4 



330 

2,615 

2,581 

691 

1,011 

456 

459 

190 

845 

3,634 



1,273 
572 
295 
482 
128 

169 
226 
156 
228 
105 



3,849 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov, 15 



Em* 
ployecs 

P^unt' 
ber) 



2,974 



163 


11,938 


469 


31,223 


628 


44,768 


177 


10,986 


308 


15,224 


176 


11,155 


401 


20,635 


30 


1,792 


622 


50,123 



31 
52 
43 

159 
79 



2,988 



113 
845 
753 
243 
382 
142 
185 
48 
277 



182 
933 
1,066 
339 
488 
130 
203 
161 
347 

1,314 



406 
154 
137 
136 
43 

10 
87 
17 
230 
20 
20 
54 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



1.533 



87 
349 
387 
134 
280 
67 
83 



142 
49 



197,844 



49,182 



11,395 
4,667 
2,659 

3,182 
3,717 

11,670 

5,106 

549 

5,737 



176,637 



6,385 

52,315 

49,214 

13,350 

18,229 

7,326 

9,1U 

3,005 

17,699 



364 


25,048 


150 


11,397 


103 


6,875 


179 


9,787 


34 


1,743 


27 


3,517 


67 


4,946 


50 


3,181 


107 


6,777 


22 


1,753 



81.203 



4,881 
18,140 
21,745 
7,792 
9,715 
2,653 
3,970 
3,924 
8,383 

26,145 



8,015 
2,758 
3,436 
2,452 

860 

175 

1,466 

347 

4,582 
432 
400 

1,222 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division.and 

metropohtan area 



MACHINERY, EQUIP- 
MENT, SUPPLIES 



Commercial refrigera- 
tion equipment, total 



$1,000,000 and Over 
United States 



$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

O.ther divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York -Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Other metro, areas 

$200 , 000— $499 , 999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic, 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey, 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston , Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Ho 

Washington, D, C 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Baltimore , Hd 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn, 
Buffalo, N. Y 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa , 

Detroit, Hlch 

Boston, Mass, 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif , 

Pittsburgh, Pa , 

St. Louis, Mo , 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Baltimore, Md , 

Hinneapolis-St. Paul, Minn, 
Buffalo, N. Y , 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 



39 
153 
193 

80 
109 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
'pay 
roll) a 
per. 
cent 
of sales 



29,955 



36,520 



8,879 
8,250 
3,068 
3,280 
3,112 
6,848 
3,083 

22,681 



5,443 
3,726 
3,969 
9,543 



80,118 



4,600 
15,411 
13,896 
8,659 
10,267 
5,816 
7,572 
1,306 
12,591 

39,069 



23 


7,346 


9 


3,280 


15 


5,001 


7 


2,390 


5 


1,784 


8 


2,829 


12 


3,963 


6 


1,952 


10 


3,242 


3 


970 


6 


1,741 


5 


1,541 


7 


2,234 


3 


796 



70,364 



2,478 

12 ,099 

16,282 

5,844 

9,480 

3,711 

6,973 

3,191 

10,306 

18,712 



63 


4,905 


20 


2,078 


29 


2,152 


13 


1,107 


20 


2,003 


6 


287 


11 


918 


7 


429 


12 


1,074 


5 


519 


16 


1,693 


5 


303 


12 


919 


4 


320 



Pay roU, 
entire 
year 



(TlioiisaTid 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(>ijim- 
ber) 



28,408 



5,215 



1,159 
1,249 
465 
412 
447 
993 
490 

3,115 



733 

558 

552 

1,272 



12,446 



781 
2,469 
2,569 
1,189 
1,528 

6fi5 
1,118 

243 
1,884 

6,424 



1,237 
567 
305 
384 
269 
579 

470 
294 
521 
76 
356 
416 
328 
122 



9,133 



312 

1,805 

2,274 

796 

1,158 

416 

736 

341 

1,345 

2,962 



829 
303 
276 
163 
414 
34 

117 

51 
276 

53 
251 

57 
116 

22 



25 

108 

142 

55 

65 

27 

78 

29 

131 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Num- 
ber) 



8,036 



308 


21,266 


279 


21,749 


127 


9,080 


136 


8,664 


87 


9,186 


239 


19,798 


118 


7,163 



191 
135 
112 
318 



206 
606 
679 
272 
385 
238 
332 
65 
452 

1,514 



270 

128 
130 
80 
50 
143 

119 
% 

144 
19 
80 

108 
75 
22 



128 
639 
716 
269 
408 
169 
303 
105 
391 



276 
94 
32 
67 

114 
15 



Ply roll 



(Dollars) 



29,046 



56,076 



13,623 

10,007 

9,954 

22,492 



221,355 



12,656 
43,625 
47,879 
20,946 
26,802 
11,777 
19,987 
3,671 
34,012 

112,840 



20,972 
10,661 
12,815 
6,740 
3,760 
8,057 

9,532 
5,384 
9,111 
1,402 
8,210 
7,460 
6,981 
1,755 



180,888 



6,108 
36,918 
44,099 
16,033 
21,290 

8,521 
14,683 

6,499 
26,732 

59,544 



17,099 
6,332 
6,106 
3,768 
7,223 
625 

2,042 

953 

4,482 

940 

5,249 

1,106 

3,085 

534 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.55 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of ^business, 

sales-size g[pup, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



MACHINERY, BSUIPMENT, 
SUPPLIES — Continued 

Office machines, 
equipment ( exc , 
furniture), total, 

$1,000,000 and Over 



United States. . . 
lA metro, areas. 



$500,000— $999,999 

United states, total,. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

1^ metro, areas 

$200, 000~$499 , 999 

United States, total.., 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

lA metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total.. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Franc iaco-Oaltland, 

Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Hd 

Minneapolls-St. Paul, Minn. 
Buffalo, N. Y 



Restaurant, hotel 
suppliestprincipally 
nonfood) , total . — 

$5,000,000 and Ovar 

United States 



$1, 000,000— $i, 999, 999 

United States, total., 

East North Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

lA metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total., 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divi sions 

14 metro, areas 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(^ium- 
ber) 



41 
150 
132 
67 
112 
56 
80 
31 
127 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
doltarj) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc 
pay 
oil) as 
pet- 
cent 
af sale; 



96,108 



21,354 
21,354 



10,448 



2,502 
1,949 
3,906 
2,091 

8,075 



16,960 



3,300 
4,623 
2,085 
1,384 
668 
3,p92 
1,808 

8,719 



47,346 



2,538 
8,553 
7,481 
4,372 
6,087 
3,497 
4,6ol 
1,669 
8,488 

16.119 



4,497 

1,562 

2,676 

737 

294 

566 

1,643 
599 
544 
401 

1,044 
833 
423 
300 



194,719 



28,712 



39,117 



9,951 

6,638 

12,508 

10,020 

22,635 



36,364 



7,915 
11,159 
2,722 
4,992 
5,641 
3,935 

18,520 



19.2 

19.2 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(ThoiudTid 
dollars) 



16^9J1 



2,444 
2,444 



2,148 



419 
472 
901 
356 

1,729 



602 
,325 

441 
270 
101 
634 
318 



8,648 



597 

1,796 

1,184 

799 

1,166 

654 

734 

250 

1,468 

3il86 



1,041 
301 
395 
138 

27 
145 

304 
140 
188 

55 
160 
131 

81 



24,269 



5,977 



1,833 

699 

2,147 

1,298 

3,922 



552 
■ 574 
884 
471 



Active 
propn- 
etors.' 
Novem- 
ber 



(Kum- 
_berL 



27 
100 
115 
51 
70 
34 
73 
24 
117 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 



(Nun 
her) IDoUars) 



5,602 



677 
677 



134 
136 
236 
87 



157 


10,653 


390 


42,365 


143 


8,123 


79 


4,060 


28 


1,839 


171 


12, 146 


120 


7,344 



3,244 



224 
637 
468 
302 
464 
237 
286 
104 
522 

1.132 



328 
115 
142 
46 
10 
53 

118 
62 
68 
20 
44 
53 
44 
29 



7,072 



450 
199 
612 

301 



216 
248 
157 
169 

251 
128 



Pay roll 



45,728 
45,728 



37,137 



7,374 
7,284 
16,443 
6,036 

29,917 



49,058 



183,348 



12, 522 
37,955 
24,640 
17,153 
25,094 
12,954 
15,830 
5,290 
31,910 

68,474 



21,726 
6,732 
8,793 
2,483 
518 
2,894 

7,426 
3,879 
3,776 
1,096 
2,778 
2,723 
2,049 
1,601 



106,537 



33,252 

13,678 
37,621 
21,986 

69,960 



80,955 



15,599 
19, 102 
10,006 
11,827 
15,492 
8,929 

34,055 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



MACHINERY, 
SUPPLIES- 



EQUIFMEin, 

■Continued 



Restaurant, hotel 
supplies — Con. 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United Statee, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 
Buffalo, N. T 



Store machines, fix- 
tures, equipment, 
total 



$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total. . 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Other metro, areas 

$500, OOO— $999 , 999 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East t!orth Central 

West North Central 

South / tlantlc 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 
ter) 



40 
211 
122 
32 
48 
14 
39 
25 
70 



120 
32 
31 
13 
15 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 

ating 

ex- 
penses 

(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per- 
cent 
of sales 



46,374 



2,765 
10, 545 
9,115 
2,121 
8,042 
3,613 
7,938 
2,235 



6,183 
3,320 
2,319 
1,423 
1,376 

3,053 
3,582 



44,152 



2,951 
15,274 
9,034 
2,749 
3,615 
1,204 
2,625 
2,257 
4,443 



8,079 
2,021 
1,760 
1,265 
962 
799 

1,241 
864 
286 
458 

1,174 
266 
645 
445 



50,319 



16,608 

15,488 

5,007 

13,216 



13,055 
9,905 

13,073 



62,026 



3,774 
10,061 
13,122 
7,584 
6,028 
2,491 
7,691 
1,629 
9,646 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors.* 
Novem- 
ber 

(Hum- 
bcr) 



6,120 



497 

1,329 

1,188 

307 

1,100 

425 

899 

375 

2,623 



703 
426 
293 

181 

211 

375 
434 



4,710 



341 

1,656 

905 

301 

308 
139 
377 
235 
448 



906 
174 
149 
127 
123 
107 

147 
66 
39 
32 

103 
43 
49 
67 



5,246 



1,715 

1,263 

532 

1,736 

3,334 



1,165 
542 

1,627 



7,645 



519 

1,323 

1,628 

794 

733 

215 

844 

278 

1,311 



26 
166 
123 

21 
47 
10 
33 
23 
67 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. IS 



r 

Em- 
ployees Pay roll 

(Hum- 
btr) I (Dollari) 



153 

404 
318 

94 
301 
129 
248 

96 



211 

117 

69 

52 

53 

99 

132 



1,8U 



139 
608 
336 
119 
145 

62 
154 

84 
164 



319 
69 
56 
36 
39 
42 

51 
28 
15 
14 
36 
27 
17 
25 



351 
233 
156 
444 



194 
93 

456 



1,898 



122 
301 
372 
253 
175 

61 
220 

84 
310 



112,442 



9,304 
26,436 
19,987 

5,833 
19,560 

7,782 
16,827 

6,613 



14,082 
7,483 
4,651 
3,164 
3,826 

7,737 
8,707 



97,706 



6,884 

31,638 

18,243 

5,785 

7,237 

2,920 

8,078 

4,778 

12,143 

44,727 



17,622 
3,628 
2,677 
1,819 
2,891 
2,168 

6,093 

1,504 
767 
851 

1,969 
838 
877 

1,023 



513, 542 



93,761 



28, 536 
25,077 
11,498 
28,650 



18,322 
11,279 
27,084 



135,605 



10,045 
22,422 
29,331 
14,712 
13,617 

3,998 
11,576 

5,052 
24,852 



2.56 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE-SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Opbrating Expbnsb Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusiness. 

salcssisc group, 

geographic division.and 

metropolitan area 


Estab- 

Ush- 

mcnts 

CXum- 
bor) 


Sales, 
entire 
year 

(Thottsand 
dolUrs) 


Oper 

atmg 

ex- 
penses 

(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

pel- 

cent 
of sales 


Pay roll, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollnTs) 


Active 
propri- 
etors,' 
Novem- 
ber 

(Xum- 
ber) 


Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 


Kind of business, 

sales-sise group, 

geographic division.and 

metropolitan area 


Esub- 
lish- 
ments 

(><»m- 
hcr) 


Sales, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Oper 

ating 
ex- 
penses 


Payroll, 
entire 
year 

(ThouMud 
dollors) 


Active 
propri- 
etors, • 
Novem- 
ber 

(Hum- 
be) 


Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 


Em- 
ployces 

(Mum- 
ber) 


Pay roll 
(Dollarjj 


■pay 
roll) as 

per- 
cent 
of sales 


Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
be) 


Pay roll 
(DolUri) 


MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT, 

SUPPLIES— Continued 

Store machines, fix- 
tures—Con,. 

$500,000~$999,999— Con. 
U metro, areas, total. 


36 


25,722 


20.4 


3,086 


16 


703 


55,407 


MACHINERY, E9UIFMENT, 
SUPPLIES— Continued 

Other commercial 
mach., equipt — Con. 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 
Middle Atlantic 


26 


17,123 


20.2 


1,852 


17 


495 


34,292 


New York -Northeastern New 


5 
5 

<; 

3 
3 

3 
3 

3 
7 

267 


3,539 
3,557 
3,194 
2,228 

1,782 

2,157 
1,720 
2,230 
5,315 

81,172 


24.6 


330 
409 
352 
245 
230 

375 
152 
179 
814 

10,903 


4 
3 
2 
2 

"3 
1 
1 

146 


77 
30 
81 
49 
58 

92 

43 
52 

175 

3,009 


5,872 
6,929 
6,792 
3,503 
3,952 

7,885 
2,732 
3,229 

14,463 

199,590 


10 
4 
4 
4 
4 

15 
61 


6,629 
2,533 
2,215 
2,761 
2,385 

9,657 
19,255 




312 
315 
297 
159 
269 

1,038 
2,484 


12 

"i 

2 
2 

13 

37 


215 
85 
90 
45 
60 

258 
654 


16,135 












4,416 


Chicago, 111 


West North Central 


5,788 






2,769 


Philadelphia, Pa 




5,184 






21.4 
22.6 






20,375 




$200,000— $499,999 
United States, total... 




St, Louis, Mo 






42,581 




$200,000— $499,999 


22 
13 
4 
4 
6 
12 

37 


6,784 
4,053 
1,460 
1,362 
1,934 
3,672 

11,509 




891 
425 
143 
205 
204 
616 

1,344 


12 
10 

6 
6 

3 

25 


210 
142 
41 
74 
67 
120 

360 


15,846 




... 






8,005 




West North Central 


2,368 






4,211 
3,824 


New England 


20 
iS 
56 
32 
37 
12 
20 
7 
35 

120 


6,248 
14,622 
16,300 
10,574 
11,078 
3,713 
6,129 
2,208 
10,300 

37,070 


25.0 


846 

1,954 

2,197 

1,493 

1,710 

425 

634 

374 

1,270 

5,108 


6 
23 
35 

8 
24 

5 
12 

2 
26 

58 


252 

518 
605 
436 
499 
116 
175 
93 
309 

1,340 


15,965 
37, 537 
42,217 
26,913 
30, 539 

7,031 
10,555 

6,644 
22, U8 

95, 539 




Middle Atlantic 




8,327 




14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-N^rtheastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 


22.4 


West North Central 




South Atlantic 


24,581 




15 
5 

3 

3 
10 

273 


4,650 

2,003 

991 

825 
3,040 

18,034 


24.6 


599 

160 
107 

110 
358 

2,209 


7 
4 

4 

6 
4 

233 


140 
49 
31 

35 
105 

366 




West South Central 






10,167 


Pacific 


3,134 




2,250 


14 metro, areas, total. 


San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 






20 
22 

16 
9 

3 
8 

8 
9 
8 
8 
5 

1,083 


6,015 
5,389 
4,797 
2,877 
833 
2,503 

2,119 
2,921 
2,338 
2,737 
1,684 
1,357 

76,447 


25.5 


759 
986 
568 
393 
78 
323 

328 
439 
489 

465 
150 
129 

9,470 


10 
14 
14 
7 
2 
2 

9 

5 
1 
1 

"3 

922 


208 
262 
140 
109 
15 
93 

77 
85 
154 
114 
38 
40 

3,378 


14,064 
18,639 
9,946 
7,960 
2,003 
6,477 

5,919 
8,366 

8,383 
7,324 
2,271 
3,182 

184,586 




New York-Northeastern New 




7,134 


Jersey 


Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 












Detroit, Mich 


42,882 




18 

120 
55 
10 
22 

3 
18 

6 
21 

174 


1,156 

7,344 
3,501 

762 
1,803 

204 
1,089 

377 
1,298 

11,422 




119 
967 
484 
155 
172 

19 
129 

32 
131 

1,517 


16 
97 
46 
10 
17 

2 
21 

5 
19 

142 


50 
372 
181 
56 
87 
10 
47 
11 
52 

549 




San Francisco-Oakland, 








2,235 
19,339 




East North Central 


9,350 




West North Centi al 


2,810 




South Atlantic 


3,412 


Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 


East South Central 

West South Central 


376 
2,196 




468 




Pacific 


2,696 


Under $200,000 
United States, total... 


14 metro, ar^as, total 
New York-Northeastern New 


25.5 


29,913 




59 

294 

225 

77 

118 

50 

92 

34 

13i 

47-; 


3,909 
13,184 
16,657 
5,902 
8,479 
3,470 
7,362 
2,560 
9,924 

30,789 


2.;. 8 


513 

2,253 

2,122 

725 

1,012 

490 

838 

334 

1,173 

3,92l 


47 
257 
179 
70 
89 
43 
85 
26 
12o 

414 


176 
827 
71c 
275 
384 
177 
320 
109 
394 

1,315 


9,564 
44,402 
40,055 
14, 124 
20,210 

9,o99 
lo,153 

0,539 
23,335 

75,486 


32 

27 

13 

16 

3 

8 

3 

4 

6 

5 

3 

4 

912 


5,242 
1,833 
699 
1,058 
239 
716 
231 
335 
265 
210 
234 
344 

779,194 




689 
278 
89 
121 
21 
86 
47 
43 
51 
11 
60 
21 

74,078 


61 

22 

11 

16 

3 

8 

3 

3 

5 

4 

2 

4 

330 


242 
100 
35 
51 
9 
35 
15 
15 
14 
7 
12 
14 

17,754 




Middle Atlantic 


13,913 


East North Central 
















1,761 


South Atlantic 


Philadelphia, Pa 


2,263 




Detroit, Mich 


792 


West South Central 








Pacific 


Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 


810 
920 




14 metro, areas, total. 




203 


New York -Northeastern New 


17.- 
42 
53 
25 
29 
17 

23 
8 
14 
9 
21 
30 
10 
17 

374 


9,751 
2,731 
3,778 
1,391 
2,157 
1,262 

1,069 
564 
990 
534 

1,611 

2,324 
621 

1,306 

77,707 


24.9 


1,354 
359 
389 
92 
275 
231 

225 

59 
120 

75 
219 
302 

159 
8,945 


147 
23 
51 
27 
23 
12 

27 
8 
15 
8 
18 
26 
10 
13 

293 


4o8 
109 
137 
42 
81 
08 

69 
25 
37 
21 
63 
117 
25 
53 

2,334 


2o,811 
0,374 
7,519 
1,612 
5,451 
4,099 

4,663 
1,068 
1,974 
1,454 
'3,756 
6,036 
1,296 
2,863 

162,559 


Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 
Other metro, areas 


1,182 
541 


Chicag^o, 111 


Construction machin- 
ery, equipment, total 

$5,000,000 and Over 
United States, total... 


16.5 








Philadelphia, Pa 






1,393,115 


Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 


11 


65,657 


14.6 


6,121 


1 


1,447 








St. Louis, Mo 


111,257 


Washington, D. C 


4 
_ 7 

6 
243 


25,380 
39,777 

36,578 
485,641 


... 

14.9 

15.9 


2,647 
3,474 

3,297 
45,822 


1 
1 

34 


625 
822 

805 
10,560 


47,662 
63,595 


Cleveland, Ohio 








Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 


63,331 




$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, totaj... 




Other commercial 
machines, equipment, 
total 


860,472 




14 


23,285 


30.8 


2,390 




369 


42,804 


11 
29 
36 
41 
27 
26 
30 
14 
29 


19,906 
56,447 
69,340 
76,001 
58,717 
55,102 
59,197 
26,210 
54,721 




1,761 
5,776 
5,340 
6,995 
5,313 
5,798 
5,121 
2,183 
6,035 


2 
5 
4 
6 
2 
3 
2 
3 
7 


384 
1,291 
1,430 
1,663 
1,236 
1,277 
1,213 

539 
1,477 


29,997 


$1,000,000 and Over 
















114,804 


United States, total... 




123,807 




b 
4 
4 

9 


7,931 
9,529 
5,825 

15,512 


26.7 


743 

625 

1,022 

1,113 


6 
4 


129 
114 
126 

201 


13,780 
10,070 
18,954 

19,641 




95,346 






114,024 






106,739 






45,896 






113,867 











See footnotes at end of tajle. 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.57 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusiness. 

saies-siie group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



MACHIKEHY, HJUIPMENT, 
SUPPLIES — Continued 

Construction roach., 
equipment — Con. 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999— C<n. 

lA metro, areas^ total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chlca^, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolls-St. Paul, Minn, 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 



K metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Los Angeles, Calif 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 6 

St. Louis, ^k> 3 

Baltimore, Md 5 

Minneapolls-St. Paul, Minn. 

Other metro, areas 

$200, 000— $499 , 999 
United Stales, total... 



New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oaklnnd, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Minneapolls-St. Paul, Minn. 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 
United States, total... 



New England 19 

Middle Atlantic 49 

East North Central 53 

West North Central 23 

South Atlantic 21 

East South Central. 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

See footnotes at end of table . 



Estab- 

Usb- 

ments 






Sales, 
cnarc 
year 



(Thousarid 
dollars) 



Oper 
atmg 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



23.113 
7,587 

19,444 
7,787 

10,673 
9,278 

12,812 
9,945 
7,318 
7,004 
9,058 
7,600 



132.885 



2,975 
21,433 
15,993 
17,831 
16,474 

4,347 
20,975 

9,642 
23,215 



7,232 
3,040 

4,565 
2,306 
3,657 
3,617 
8,920 



69,407 18.7 



8,550 
12,733 
14,412 
5,849 
4,710 
3,540 
8,252 
3,415 
7,946 



4,797 

3,253 

802 

1,580 

2,185 
2,087 

3,032 
671 
807 

1,667 
945 



25,604 



2,160 
3,879 
4,935 
2,297 
2,163 
1,914 
3,175 
1,054 
4,027 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



2,735 
888 
1,514 
1,098 
1,285 
780 

1,219 
523 
722 
406 
818 
636 



12,535 



432 
2,200 
1,652 
1,775 
1,417 

292 
1,882 

831 
2,054 



871 
243 

354 
262 
358 
424 

1,203 



6.975 



892 
1,417 
1,644 
559 
389 
341 
699 
257 
777 



.608 
558 
109 
163 
246 
343 

289 

187 
111 
153 
77 



203 
465 
504 
206 
208 
231 
244 
75 
484 



Active 
propn- 
etors,* 
Novcm' 
ber 



(7*ium- 
_b£rL 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
brr) 



2,802 



562 
154 
343 
261 
277 
166 

317 
123 
168 
115 
174 
142 



116 
557 
322 
394 
363 
75 
465 
216 
571 



219 
54 



60 
77 
75 
299 



1,800 



245 
337 
351 
126 
129 
105 
219 
58 
230 



133 
114 
29 
44 
40 
68 

90 
42 

21 
31 
20 



149 

152 
68 
69 

107 
94 
32 

146 



Pay roll 



(.DollcTS) 



50, 505 
11,540 
26,985 
22,699 
23,467 
14, 333 

27, 102 
11,492 
14,209 

7,717 
14,782 

9,489 



230,239 



8,331 
39,127 
27,341 
31,298 
24,972 

5,041 
36, 527 
14,715 
42,887 



14,697 
5,800 

6,076 
4,087 
7,054 
6,969 
22,810 



137,439 



18,420 
25,627 
30,667 

9,143 
12,289 

6,048 
15,586 

4,216 
15,443 

50,950 



10,164 
9,005 
2,124 
3,470 
4,330 
6,767 

5,673 
3,688 
1,708 
2,462 
1,559 



53,708 



4,004 
8,918 

10,217 
4,343 
3,856 
4,148 
6,229 
1,761 

10,232 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT, 
SUPPLIES — Continued 

Construction roach., 
equipment — Con, 

Under $200,000 — Continued 
14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Mirmeapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Other metro, areas 



Farm-dairy machinery, 
equipment, total..., 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total,,. 

East North Central 

West North Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn, 
Other metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central, 

West South Central 

Mountain. .,', 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Minneapolls-St. Pa'al, Minn. 
Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total.,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pac Ific 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 
be) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



3 


1,963 


14 


9,724 


10 


7,094 


19 


14, 547 


8 


6,129 


3 


1,997 


10 


7,349 


11 


7,512 


" 


9,360 



7.679 



1,462 
739 
713 
497 
317 

1,072 
508 
71 
510 
479 
698 
613 



42,288 
49, 114 
17,738 



192,001 



20,760 
31,174 
38,913 
28,271 
6,987 
15,043 
40,260 
10, 593 



35,421 11.9 



Oper 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



27,583 



3,637 



6,537 

9,483 

5,008 

14,393 



65,675 



16, 585 



1,785 
4,608 
10,192 



55,084 17.4 



1,267 
5,367 
13, 371 
10,261 
4,283 
2,393 
5,138 
4,303 
8,701 



1,481 

1,569 

587 

1,178 



10,364 



921 
1,641 
1,969 
1,447 

240 

660 
2,691 

795 

2,067 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(>ium- 
ber) 



191 


8 


81 


7 


102 


6 


80 


2 


48 


2 


114 


9 


73 


4 


11 


5 


45 


3 


61 


1 


66 


2 


72 


1 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



r 

Em- 
ployees Pay roll 

(.T^um- 
bcr) 



58 


3,728 


20 


1,467 


30 


2,052 


23 


1,571 


10 


860 


33 


2,450 


21 


1,190 


7 


337 


9 


533 


34 


2,125 


16 


1,423 


23 


1,468 



449 
519 
202 
897 



5.125 



115 
789 
623 

1,101 
574 
155 
477 
338 
953 

1,319 



95 
396 

828 



4,876 



169 
466 
1,005 
820 
354 
226 
490 
359 
987 



337 
386 

131 



2.694 



242 
390 
512 
X6 
47 
171 
794 
192 



(Dollars) 



84 



102 
141 



213 
125 
288 
241 
50 
126 
122 
272 



31 

73 

207 



1,431 



133 
295 
232 
135 

109 
136 
107 
238 



19.204 



72,447 



25,785 
35,008 
11,654 

22,788 



199,565 



16,786 
31,538 
33,908 
27,115 
3,455 
12,170 
61,244 
13, 347 



7,561 
10,314 

3,341 
14, 303 



96. 4X 



2,259 
16,117 
8,346 
19,241 
12,624 
3,052 
7,693 
7,326 
19,776 

21,360 



2,210 
4,995 

14,155 



85,380 



2,605 
8,058 
17,773 
13,981 
6,325 
4,837 
8,140 
6,892 
16,719 



2.58 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.-SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pav Roll, and Personnel 



Kind oflbusiness, 

salessiw group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT, 
SUPPLIES— Continued 

Farm-dairy machinery, 
equipment- -Continued 

$200, 000— $/;99, 999— Con. 
lA metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chica^, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Oilier metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain. 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

St. Louis, Mo 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Other metro, areas 



Industrial machinery/ 
equipment (general 
line), total 



$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Vest North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Other metro, areas. 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total, . 

South Atlantic. 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 



Esab- 

lish- 

mcnts 



(Xum- 



14 

57 
101 
73 
4« 
34 
35 
30 
73 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 

ating 
eX' 

penses 
(inc. 
pay 

roll) as 
per- 
cent 

af sales 



1,972 
1,519 
2,026 
1,383 

1,187 
1,656 
2,648 



43,977 



1,219 
4,735 
10, 137 
7,241 
4,537 
3,348 
3,418 
3,046 
6,296 

7,773 



1,906 

1,226 

1,537 

229 

563 

194 
190 

1,152 
776 



245, 547 



27,989 
45,078 
22,255 
55,542 
20,250 
28,285 
26,638 
19,510 

57,859 



62,364 



5,359 
7,729 
9,469 
4,877 
13,823 
5,550 
6,831 
1,954 
6,772 

9,236 



2,419 
1,557 
2,264 
2,996 



6,036 



1,363 
1,4.;5 
1,243 
1,985 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



188 
114 
238 
107 

162 
116 
258 



3,581 



97 
419 
741 
635 
390 
268 
257 
200 
574 



225 
84 
166 



35,617 



27, 198 



3,016 
6,536 
1,750 
5,651 
2,135 
2,665 
3,077 
2,168 

7,649 



7,264 



668 
925 

1,125 
732 

1,331 
620 
947 
177 
739 

1,324 



319 
259 
329 

417 



118 
352 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



_b?LL 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweeic 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em' 
ployces 

(Hum- 



1,482 



36 
149 
297 
280 
171 
141 
110 

81 
217 

_224 



9,296 



6,991 



818 
1,581 
459 
1,278 
528 
791 
777 
759 

2,038 



157 
257 
273 
203 
380 
135 
315 
55 
222 



87 
69 
89 
109 



Pay roll 



(Dollars} 



3,234 
2,216 
3,873 
1,875 

2,697 
1,889 
4,382 



73,768 



1,748 

7,602 

15,336 

12,940 

8,383 

5,933 

4,606 

4,422 

12,748 

13.781 



60 


3,961 


29 


1,721 


46 


2,988 


7 


329 


14 


869 


11 


597 


4 


160 


35 


1,959 


28 


1,197 



691,898 



532,126 



66,443 
143,937 
29,751 
93,376 
38,002 
59,802 
58,450 
42,365 

172, 514 



141,613 



11,005 
16,637 
20,796 
14,993 
22,733 
10,967 
25,074 
4,963 
14,445 

26,266 



5,820 
4,459 
6,124 
9,863 



12,185 



50 


2,675 


32 


2,311 


38 


1,945 


98 


5,254 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT, 
SUPPLIES — Continued 

Industrial machinery, 

equipment (general 

line) — Continued 

Under $200,000 

United SUtee 

Belting-, hose, pack- 
ing, total. 

$1,000,000 and Qver 

United States* 

!<; metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Pacific 

Other divialons 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles J Calif 

Other metro, areas. 

$200,000~$499,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 
New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Other metro, areas 

toder $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

Machine tools, total. 
$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(TTiousand 
dollars) 



Oper 

atirg 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) IS 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



1,444 
59,967 



13,190 
13, 190 



19, Ui 



5,286 
7,910 
4,053 
1,875 

11,734 



2,448 
2,056 
1,939 
5,291 



15,750 



2,689 
5,442 
1,701 
1,400 
2,840 
1,678 

8,273 



1,136 
1,549 
1,025 

777 

813 

931 

2,042 



9 


737 


48 


3,707 


37 


3,073 


13 


1,089 


8 


912 


5 


326 


21 


1,514 


5 


545 



6,395 



2,545 
253 
420 
481 
488 

201 
178 
245 
742 
215 
627 

170,414 



6 


9,566 


13 


25,226 


10 


24,052 


4 


4,979 


7 


12,653 


4 


5,058 



18.4 
18.4 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



418 
8,158 



1,649 
1,549 



2,603 



772 
995 
613 
223 



387 
220 
336 
663 



2,200 



464 
709 
163 
137 
455 
272 

1,236 



252 
223 
111 
116 

211 
90 
233 



121 
539 
421 
169 
119 

39 
232 

66 



395 
67 
83 
39 
92 

20 
25 

61 
21 
87 

16,581 



8,065 



1,172 
2,552 
2,263 

288 
1,253 

537 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(Num- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, worlrwcck 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 



1,915 



297 
297 



148 

197 

148 

54 



72 

50 

79 

135 



109 
156 
49 
32 
110 
79 



150 
130 
63 
37 
16 
66 
30 



106 
15 
17 

11 
30 



3,603 



206 
391 
403 
66 
234 
118 



Payroll 



(Dollari) 



145,431 



26,682 
26,682 



44,956 



11,118 
17,700 
12,371 
3,767 

27,537 



4,417 
4,396 

7,431 
11,293 



41,230 



9,095 
14, 071 
2,882 
2,578 
7,666 
4,938 

23,234 



4,488 
4,047 
1,852 
2,626 

3,537 
1,940 
4,744 



32,563 



2,033 
10,001 
8,412 
3,476 
1,929 
745 
4,644 
1,323 

16,999 



7,244 
1,225 
1,442 
752 
1,493 

419 
505 
802 

1,249 
436 

1,432 

293,895 



135,194 



17,884 
41,862 
37,264 

4,932 
23, 319 

9,933 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.59 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusincsa, 

sales'sue group, 

geographic division.and 

metropolitan area 



MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT, 
SUPPLIES — Continued 

Mfichlne tools — Con, 

$1,000,000 and Over — Con, 

1<^ metro, areas, total. 

New York -Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Other metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 



14 1 



;tro, areas, total. 



New York-Northeaetem New 

Jersey 7 

Chicago, III 3 

Detroit, Mich 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Other metro, areas 

$2C0,000~$i99,999 
United States, total. 



New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York -Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

San Franc 1 SCO-Oak land, 
Calif 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Mlnneapolls-St. Paul, Mlim. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 
IRnlted States, total,,. 



New England 

Middle Atlantic 90 

East North Central 137 

West North Central 19 

South Atlantic 12 

East South Central 6 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 



New York -Northeastern New 

Jersey 49 

Chicago, 111 34 

Los Angeles, Calif 15 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, rto 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Mlnneapolis-St, Paul, Minn. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

See footnotes at end of table. 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 
bcr) 



Siles, 
entire 
year 



(.Thousand 
Sollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
eK- 

pctises 
(inc- 
pay 

roll) as 

pa- 
cent 

□f sale 



63,812 



13,524 
6,482 
32,324 



26,605 



7,758 
8,908 
2,593 
2,608 
2,282 
2,456 

18,147 



4,542 
2,272 
3,032 
2,004 
6,297 



36,128 



2,694 

10,085 

13,643 

2,889 

689 

953 

4,314 

861 



6,054 
3,994 
1,958 
2,273 
2,255 

1,450 
1,026 
2,916 
960 
1,044 
1,101 



26,147 



1,471 

7,144 
10,980 

1,691 
974 
531 

1,262 
226 

1,868 

15,819 



3,178 
2,870 
1,120 
1,442 
2,434 
598 

283 
274 
254 

1,641 
400 
857 
418 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



1,649 

1,262 

442 

2,769 



2,176 



613 
883 
246 
199 

75 
160 



427 
329 
230 
171 
374 



3,594 



239 

1,0U 

1,490 

215 

110 

91 

382 

56 

2,555 



754 
438 
126 
150 
307 

138 
65 

350 
89 
44 
94 



2,746 



209 

767 
1,154 

156 
91 
62 

145 
12 

150 



307 
276 
78 
194 
222 
105 



21 
160 
47 
85 
28 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(^ium- 



10 

78 

136 

12 

10 

3 

9 

2 

27 



Paid etoployees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
M 



288 

223 

48 

473 



112 
175 
45 
46 
E8 
30 



76 


8,431 


67 


5,033 


32 


3,770 


32 


3,066 


66 


7,058 



58 
233 
338 
70' 
35 
35 
91 
12 



147 
84 
35 
56 



246 
321 
52 
37 
24 
60 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



26,154 

20,997 

7,066 

47,557 



40,534 



11,831 
14,867 
4,255 
4,322 
1,914 
3,345 



66,691 



4,201 
18,029 
27,382 
4,007 
2,160 
2,626 
7,166 
1,120 

47,441 



13,624 
8,157 
2,632 
2,480 
5,798 

2,740 
1,433 
6,741 
1,347 
894 
1,595 



51,476 



4,612 

13,702 

20,912 

2,564 

1,892 

1,089 

3,333 

324 

3,048 

29,846 



5,385 
5,226 
1,512 
3,481 
■4,469 
2,266 

325 
1,291 

480 
2,947 

616 
1,328 

520 



Kind of business^ 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropcliun area 



MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT, 
SUPPLIES — Continued 



Mine, mill supplies, 
total 



$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

Chicago, 111 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Other metro, areas 

$500, 000— $999 , 999 

United States, total,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas 

$20O,0OO~$499,999 

United States, total.,, 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain , 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeaetem New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

San Francisco-Oaliland, 
Calif 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(>Jum- 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



323,806 



199,837 



39,273 
39,431 
11,884 
34,684 
28,121 
28,850 
13,725 
3,869 

51,590 



7,311 
19,414 
24,865 



41.981 



3,351 
6,160 
2,982 
3,759 
5,998 
2,543 
9,019 
2,072 
6,097 

5,942 



54, 143 



10 


3,660 


30 


9,816 


31 


10,477 


9 


2,716 


13 


3,997 


17 


5,552 


12 


4,162 


13 


4,791 


28 


8,972 



5,583 
1,381 
2,063 
1,961 
1,4«0 

1,809 
1,636 



16 


1,646 


77 


6,718 


51 


4,282 


17 


1,390 


29 


2,395 


20 


2,455 


35 


3,000 


11 


1,191 


59 


4,768 



10,706 



1,812 
453 

833 
602 
455 
256 
417 
320 
338 
531 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



31,283 



17,931 



3,605 
3,677 

647 
2,694 
3,101 
2,226 
1,514 

467 

4,592 



463 
1,807 
2,322 



4,386 



483 
593 
261 
355 
586 
315 
967 
187 
639 



5,306 



535 
1,142 
915 
289 
386 
640 
332 
513 
1,054 

1,743 



670 
137 
223 
239 
77 

188 

204 



204 
752 
603 
108 
261 
203 
290 
169 
570 



463 

154 

223 

37 

113 

44 
34 
27 
40 

16 
50 
50 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Num- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 



~r 



4,647 



819 
883 
134 
717 
853 
636 
480 
125 

1,065 



91 
430 

544 



108 


6,903 


169 


10, 158 


58 


4,544 


U9 


6,744 


154 


10,388 


113 


5,559 


265 


15,663 


56 


3,631 


156 


11,329 



155 
296 
259 
143 
118 
229 
105 
144 
255 



77 
252 
184 

43 

112 
32 
97 
66 

182 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



329,213 



66,223 
67,823 
11,882 
46,598 
57,715 
44,305 
26,333 
8,334 

88,265 



8,431 
35,343 
44,491 



12,445 



115,515 



9,395 
20,671 
24,009 
5,561 
7,243 
13,868 
6,042 
9,966 
18,760 

31,235 



175 


12,381 


47 


2,819 


55 


4,252 


63 


3,735 


31 


1,441 


34 


3,058 


65 


3,549 



62,361 



3,884 

14,112 

11,427 

2,544 

5,523 

4,120 

6,351 

3,295 

11,105 

23,710 



135 


8,336 


37 


2,828 


69 


4,009 


19 


889 


36 


2,243 


15 


951 


16 


937 


7 


479 


23 


841 


8 


430 


12 


781 


20 


986 



2.60 



WHOLESALE TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusiness, 

sales-sue group, 

geographic division.and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 

Ush- 

ments 



(Hum- 
bcT) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thoujdrtd 
dollaTs) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
oil) as 
pel' 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars ) 



Active 
propn- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



Qium- 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workwak 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em' 
ployees 

(Hum' 
ber) 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



Kind of buaincst^ 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
Ush- 
ments 






Sales, 
entire 



(Thmsand 
dollars) 



Oper 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
.(inc. 
■pay 
toll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



Payroll, 
entire 
year 



(Thoiudnd 
dotigri) 



Active 
propti' 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(.Hum- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. IS 



Pm - 

ployecfl 

(Aiura- 
M 



Pay roll 



(i3ollar.) 



MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT, 
SUPPLIES— Continued 

Oil well, oil refining 
supplies, total 

$5,000,000 and over 

United States, total... 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total... 

East North Central 

West North Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

lA metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain. 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas 

Printing machinery, 
supplies, (exc. 
paper) , total 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total., , 

: liddle Atlantic 

Rast North Cenlr.nl 

14 metro, areas 

$500, 000 — $999, 999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

Other divisions 



123 

15 
18 
5 



14 
33 
19 
14 
163 
12 
35 



150 
15 



$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total. 

New England 3 

Middle Atlantic 10 

East North Central 10 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

See footnotes at end of table. 



3,254 



64,032 
32,087 



320,971 



14,810 
21,218 
221,283 
23, 140 
33,892 
6,628 

28,722 



150,354 



1,989 

1,265 



12,468 



539 
373 



3,373 



5,470 

14,303 

9,717 

1,743 

5,585 

88,347 

9,203 

15,986 

9,477 



98,803 



433 

948 
8,258 

553 
1,894 

382 

1,908 



5,730 



112 

223 

2,291 

152 

501 
94 



4,764 

10,675 
6,326 
4,360 

55,457 
4,410 

11,694 
1,117 

8,248 



30,628 



445 
494 
282 
99 
270 
3,170 
304 
666 

552 



5,9 



144 
179 
102 
22 
77 
981 
92 
175 



1,892 



1,752 
2,390 
2,092 
1,219 
1,441 
15,103 
1,203 
5,428 

3,263 



324 
569 
259 
153 

3,323 
158 

1,022 
172 

759 



2,798 



117 
182 

95 

67 
1,064 

60 
260 

47 

193 



247 

167 
169 
131 

95 
1,291 

77 
621 

342 



86 
68 

73 
57 
45 

482 
26 

190 



13,223 
5,666 



1,255 

547 



3,810 
4,134 



10,667 



895 

3,109 
3,051 
1,667 
1,945 



491 
503 



1,631 



115 
120 



125 
470 
428 
275 
333 



32 

112 
98 



619,585 



81,296 



47,182 

34,114 



244,430 



8,237 

17,241 

160,676 

12,968 

38,177 

7,131 

37,998 



114,883 



8,206 

10, 157 

5,192 

1,527 

5,726 

64,260 

6,646 

13,169 

9,989 



11B,399 



6,232 

11,257 
6,063 
3,201 

65,254 
3,002 

20,169 
3,221 

14,866 



60,577 



4,699 
3,675 
4,209 
2,704 
1,823 

27,418 
1,618 

14,431 

7,946 



23,697 
8,555 



7,234 
9,083 



28, 326 



1,983 
8,102 
8,026 
4,599 
5,616 



MACHINERY, BJUIFHENT, 
SUPPLIES — Continued 

Printing machinery, 
supplies (exc. 
paper) — Con. 

$200, 000— $499, 999— Con. 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New Yorlt-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Boston, Mass 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oaltland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Other metro, areas 

Rope, cordage, total, 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

West North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

SouUi Atlantic 

Other divisions. 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastepn New 

Jersey 

Baltimore, Md 

Other metro. Eireas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 



8,240 



1,320 



3,109 

1,629 

1,022 

895 

1,585 



10,633 



470 
237 
158 
125 
330 



667 
3,822 
2,147 

310 
1,265 

485 
1,659 

278 

8.395 



36 
502 
312 

53 
146 

61 
203 



1.039 



2,923 
858 
524 
318 
285 
603 

799 
433 
439 
582 
381 
250 



421 
110 
86 
19 
23 
33 

54 
27 
45 
127 
61 
33 



46,564 



15,160 
7,022 
6,374 

18,008 



13,998 



889 
493 
292 
330 



5,263 

2,130 
3,341 
3,264 

10,482 



9,431 



544 
139 
160 
204 



4,712 
1,595 
1,069 
1,089 
966 

7,934 



3,673 
1,089 
3,172 



3,407 



285 
30 
169 



359 
1,173 
516 
362 
635 
362 

1,576 



18 


2 


103 


12 


42 


3 


19 


... 


49 


3 


24 


3 



15 
187 
95 
18 
52 
22 
72 
18 



148 
27 
33 
11 
12 
13 

21 
12 
14 
38 
19 



153 
70 
59 
37 



113 
39 
30 



23,044 



8,102 
4,052 
2,532 
1,983 
6,375 



28,132 



617 
10,945 
6,158 
1,089 
2,768 
1,500 
4,023 
1,022 

21.524 



9,030 

1,759 

1,781 

535 

587 

541 

1,153 

579 

914 

2,838 

1,052 

705 

66,008 



34,530 



15,336 
9,290 
5,230 
4,674 



17,279 



9,278 
1,917 
2,841 
3,243 

14,357 



9,488 



82 


5,278 


30 


1,504 


5 


323 


14 


531 


16 


1,852 



7,736 



4,202 

531 

3,003 



5 


304 


34 


1,954 


16 


790 


4 


258 


11 


868 


11 


537 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.61 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusiness. 

salessisc group, 

geographic division.and 

metropobtan area 


EsQb- 

lish- 

ments 

(Num- 
ber) 


Sales, 
entire 
year 

(ThouMrai 
doUorl) 


Oper 

ating 
ex- 
penses 

(inc. 

pay 

roll) as 

pa- 
cent 

of sales 


Pay roU. 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollar!) 


Active 
propn- 
etora/ 
Novem- 
ber 

(>(um- 
ber) 


Paid employees and 

pay roll, worlcweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 


Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 


Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Num- 
ber) 


Sales, 
entire 
year 

{Thousand 
dolkrs) 


Oper 
ating 

ex- 
penses 
(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per- 
cent 
of sales 


Pay toll, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
propri- 
etors, 
Novem- 
ber 

(Num- 
ber) 


Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 


Em- 
ployees 

(>ium- 
ber) 


Pay roll 
(Dolliri) 


Em- 
ployees 

(Num- 
ber) 


Pay roll 
(Dollars) 


MACHINIKY, EQUIPMENT, 
SOPPLIES — Cont Lnued 

Used machinery, 
equipment, total 


166 


31,700 


23.3 


3,714 


138 


913 


62,370 


MACHINIKY, WUIFMENT, 
SUPPLIES— Conti nued 

Misc. Industrial ma*. 
supplies — Continued 

$500,000— $999,999— Con. 


65 
21 
25 
10 
26 
11 
51 

155 


44,545 
14,614 

17,457 
6,711 

18,489 
7,682 

35,739 

108,587 


20.2 


5,852 
1,757 
1,754 

745 
1,897 

884 
3,172 

13,271 


15 
6 
6 
2 

16 
1 

29 

69 


1,590 
528 
475 
213 
530 
257 
329 

3,372 




$1,000,000 and Over 


6 
12 
25 


8,287 
8,219 

6,359 


19.1 
24.8 

24.0 


873 

. 1,154 

843 


2 
5 

26 


216 

202 

197 


15,748 
15,821 

15,146 


113,128 






36,771 
31,096 






$500,000— $999,999 




15,041 






39,201 


United States 




18,386 




Pacific 


65,749 


$200,000— $^99,999 


14 metro, areas, total. 
Neu York-Northeastem New 


244,411 


United States, total. . . . 


51 
21 
13 
8 
9 
11 

14 
9 
6 

4 
5 
4 

818 


35,252 
14,154 
9,329 
6,069 
6,412 
8,027 

9,529 
6,389 
3,950 
3,353 

3,706 
2,417 

259,641 


21.2 


3,833 

1,947 

1,082 

873 

751 

923 

979 
989 
718 
378 
529 
264 

29,999 


28 
9 

5 
4 
4 
3 

11 

1 

3 

1 

377 


865 
428 
300 
174 
147 
210 

248 
260 
467 

39 
122 

62 

8,174 




Middle Atlantic 


10 
5 

I 

2C 

123 


2,090 
1,296 
1,707 
1,266 

5,830 
7,936 


25.0 
25.6 


532 
110 
136 
65 

773 
844 


5 
7 
6 
8 

16 

105 


97 
26 
40 
34 

1*7 
298 


8,930 
2,U8 
2,978 
1,100 

13,806 

15,655 




£aflt North Central 




36,813 


Pacific 






Other divisions 




12,950 






13,841 


1*; metro, areas 




16,356 


Under $200,000 


San Francisco-Oaltland, 


18,132 




19,499 


United States, total.... 


Cleveland, Ohio 


15,030 








15 
35 
20 
8 
4 
9 
25 
7 

73 


1,418 

1,922 

1,462 

456 

269 

472 

1,556 

381 

4,824 


25.8 


174 
222 
165 
43 
21 
30 
149 
40 

520 


8 
36 

17 
5 
4 
6 

23 
6 

61 


68 

78 
46 
17 
8 
19 
47 
15 

158 


3,341 

3,742 

3,247 

743 

438 

683 

2,815 

646 

9,429 






Buffalo, N. Y 


9,947 


Middle Atlantic 




$200,000— $499,999 
United States, total.,. 
















Paolflc 


569,070 


Other divisions 


52 
206 

187 
66 
61 
32 
67 
31 

116 

407 


16,192 
63,914 
59,255 
21,407 
19,835 
10,350 
22,111 
9,848 
36,679 

129,336 


22.0 


1,908 
7,595 
7,445 
2,339 
2,026 
1,227 
2,165 
1,189 
4,105 

15,778 


12 
110 
77 
34 
15 
16 
33 
9 
71 

209 


517 

1,985 

1,930 

696 

588 

363 

686 

358 

1,051 

4,031 


34,810 






143,185 


U metro, areas, total.. 




140,016 




27 
6 

8 

4 

4 

, 4 

8 

5 
4 
3 

3,960 


1,175 
472 
673 
4i2 
403 
399 

529 

393 
181 
157 

1,145,565 


19.5 


146 
77 
69 
54 
29 
31 

47 
41 
16 
10 

126,479 


33 

2 
4 
1 
3 
2 

7 
2 

4 
3 

2,391 


51 
15 
24 

14 
7 
7 

13 
16 
7 
4 

35,262 


2,436 

1,466 

1,329 

867 

604 

533 

976 
713 
280 
225 

2,442,016 




47,450 


New York-Northeastern New 




36,741 


Jersey 




22,886 


Chicago, 111 




42,612 






22,870 


Philadelphia, Pa 




78,500 




14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 








San Francisco-Oakland, 


293,733 




118 
56 
37 
37 
29 
23 

27 
14 
8 
16 
18 
14 
10 

2,596 


37,047 
18,230 
11,413 
11,469 
9,537 
7,587 

8,474 
4,101 
2,987 
4,579 
6,412 
4,490 
3,010 

209,330 


24.0 


4,525 
2,225 
1,293 
1,450 
, 1,361 
901 

924 
429 
357 
778 
639 
528 
368 

24,470 


57 
32 
17 
33 
9 
3 

19 

7 
4 
7 
3 
5 
3 

1,831 


1,117 
585 
325 
408 
320 
250 

219 
126 
95 
167 
163 
150 
106 

8,540 










84,853 




Chicago, 111 


40,956 






24,650 


Miscellaneous indus- 
trial machinery, 
supplies, total 


Philadelphia, Pa 


29,618 


Detroit, Mich 


28,038 




16,147 


San Francisco-Oakland, 




$5,000,000 and Over 


10 


63,945 


15.0 


6,459 




1,934 


145,825 


18,173 


Pittsburgh, Pa 


7,867 


United States, total.,.. 


St. Louis, Mo 


7,137 




13,799 




5 
5 

224 


28,170 
35,775 

395,875 


16.8 


2,300 
4,159 

41,297 


68 


616 
1,318 

10,295 


43,333 
102,492 

768,205 




Minneapolls-St. Paul, Minn. 
Buffalo, N. Y 










5,843 


$1,000,000— $4,999,999 


Under $200,000 
United States, total,.. 






10 
47 
59 
19 
25 

6 
22 

6 
30 

114 


15,299 
87,891 
105,466 
32,121 
47,258 

8,203 
44,090 

7,647 
47,900 

207,475 


17.8 


1,256 
8,953 
11,920 
3,260 
4,937 

701 
4,082 

791 
5,347 

22,277 


2 
17 
16 

3 

10 

3 
17 
43 


273 
2,062 
2,798 

838 
1,322 

235 
1,137 

206 
1,374 

5,189 


21,946 

156,821 

217,829 

59,543 

92, 561 

13, 503 

35,334 

14,122 

106,546 

394,830 


496,579 


Middle Atlantic 


181 

715 
581 
177 
194 

78 
204 

77 
389 

1,297 


14,315 
55,381 
46,544 
15,821 
14, 175 

7,262 
17,196 

5,897 
32,739 

100,181 


24.9 


1,757 
6,810 
5,552 
1,538 
1,798 

875 
1,863 

586 
3,691 

12,202 


89 
522 
414 
139 
120 

57 
146 

42 
302 

968 


661 

2,289 

1,372 

585 

667 

354 

747 

201 

1,164 

3,974 


35,739 


East North Central 




132,591 


West North Central 




1U,543 








East South Central 




37,659 


Vest South Central 




18,089 








Pacific 




11,906 




Pacific 


75,249 


lA metro, areas, total.. 


14 metro, areas, total. 
New York-Northeastem Neu 






25 
20 

15 
10 
9 
7 
5 
5 
7 
11 

312 


50,426 
40,521 
21,389 
16,931 
15,270 
11,514 
10,804 
7,881 
12,892 
19,847 

216,774 


19.1 


4,285 
4,352 
2,467 
2,166 
1,577 

832 
1,341 

593 
1,795 
2,669 

24,254 


10 
11 

7 

2 

"'2 
2 
9 

115 


820 
1,094 
604 
592 
327 
158 
332 
161 
423 
678 

6,319 


72,201 
75,955 
50, 397 
41,268 
31, 528 
13,854 
22,259 
10,453 
30,171 
46,744 

462, 337 


240,491 




471 
158 
139 
73 
83 
65 

73 
27 
39 
8 
57 
33 
34 
37 


X,989 
12,425 
10,854 
6,201 
6,449 
5,326 

6,028 
2,329 
3,342 
688 
3,857 
2,449 
2,493 
2,751 


••■ 


4,462 

1,403 

1,160 

679 

906 

727 

747 
297 
399 
115 
440 
322 
192 
353 


344 

133 

lie 

64 
67 
22 

54 
22 

25 

7 
37 
21 
29 
25 


1,403 
435 
365 
266 
310 
256 

215 
100 
144 

42 
132 
116 

72 
113 










84,825 




Chicago, 111 


27,679 






21,342 




Philadelphia, Pa 


14,292 




Detroit, Mich 


19,965 






14,342 




San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 






16,180 






5,893 






7,812 


$500,000— »999,999 


Washington, D. C 


2,382 
3,306 


United States, total.... 




6,491 




23 
80 


15,813 
55,724 




1,840 
6,353 


3 
37 


426 
1,471 


30,934 

112,031 


Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 
Buffalo, N. Y 


3,701 




6,731 







See footnotes at end of table. 



2.62 



WHOLESALE TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.- SALES SIZE 



SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 
STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind oflbusincss. 

sales SI ;e group, 

geographic division, and 

metropolitan area 


Estab- 

Ush- 

merits 

(Xum- 
bcr) 


Sales, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dolkrj) 


r- 


at 

pe 
(i 
P 

ro 

I 
c 

of 


per- 
ing 

n'ses Payroll, 
nc. entin; 
ay year 
l)as 
>cr' 
cnt 

sales (Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(Hum- 
ber) 


Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 


Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 


Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Hum- 
be) 


Sales, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Oper- 
ating 

ex- 
penses 
(mc. 
■pay 
roll) as 

per- 
cent 
of sales 


Pay roll, 
entire 
year 

(TTiousdnd 
dollars) 


Active 
propri- 
etors.* 
Novem- 
ber 

(Hiim' 
ber) 


Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 


Em- 
ployees 

(Num- 
ber) 


Pay roll 
(Dollars) 


Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
M 


Pay roll 
(Dollars) 


MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT, 

SUPPLIES— Continued 

Dental supplies, total 


i63 


95,904 


2t 


.1 15,257 


243 


4,964 


283,179 


MACHINERY, HJUimENT, 
SUPPLIES— Continued 

Religious supplies- 
Continued 

$200,000— $499,999 
United States, total... 


13 


4,000 


27,2 


659 


5 


313 




$1,000,000 and Over 


7 


14,918 


3] 


.8 2,34a 




546 


38,560 


11,183 




3 
6 

4 

8 
122 


1,180 

1,893, 

927 

2,190 
7,654 


31,5 
25,4 


182 
319 
X58 
437 

911 


3 

2 
3 

108 


61 

200 

52 

228 
419 






4 
3 

39 


10,958 
3,960 

27,438 


2t 


1,684 
664 

.6 4,783 


2 


346 

200 

1,547 


26,216 
12,344 

89, 166 








5,763 


Other divisions 


Other divisions 


2,720 




7,808 


$500,000— $999,999 
United States, total... 


Under $200,000 
United States, total. 


18,082 




7 

6 

3 
8 
5 

22 
102 


5,506 
3,365 
4,224 
3,176 
2,180 
5,570 
3,417 

16,036 
31,305 


2' 
2( 


1,114 
573 
712 
410 
503 
912 
559 

?.4 2,955 
>.7 5,354 


"2 

25 


356 
168 
225 
144 
153 
281 
220 

968 
1,735 


21,569 
10,586 
12,618 
7,758 
9,035 
16,739 
10,861 

55,303 
100,912 




12 
53 
31 

9 
3 
3 
8 

3 

87 


714 
3,493 
1,867 
477 
278 
139 
429 
257 

5,038 


24,9 


101 

408 

204 

60 

43 

8 

44 

43 

579 


7 
55 
25 
8 
2 
1 
6 
4 

80 


53 

168 

102 

31 

18 

7 

22 

18 

241 






2,070 




Middle Atlantic 


7,967 




East North Central 


4,092 




Vest North Central 


1,272 




East South Central 


704 




West South Central 


172 






908 




Other divisions. 


897 




14 metro, areas, total. 
New York-Northeastern New 


11,395 


United States, total... 


45 
12 
5 
4 
6 

3 

3 
4 
5 

249 


2,803 
611 
205 
334 

415 

224 
53 

87 
306 

64,442 


19,7 


340 
72 
L2 
23 
40 

32 
7 
8 

45 

7,797 


47 
9 
5 
6 
5 

1 
2 
2 
3 

165 


127 
28 

10 
13 
20 

12 
5 
5 

21 

2,460 


6,628 




1,339 




9 
22 
21 
11 
11 

5 
10 

3 
10 

36 


3,144 
6,835 
6,043 
3,531 
3,311 
1,236 
3,045 
1,058 
3,102 

11, 310 


2 


017 
1,084 
1,070 
675 
585 
216 
454 
204 
449 

J. 6 1,887 


14 
2 
2 
3 
2 
2 

14 


239 
346 

310 
221 
202 

65 
155 

53 
144 

636 


12,332 

20,276 

20,215 

12,004 

11,048 

4,027 

9,023 

3,645 

8,342 

35,439 


Los Angeles, Calif 


330 




Philadelphia, Pa 


546 




Detroit, Mich 


866 


West North Central 


San Francisco-Oajsland, 
Calif 






578 




St. Louis, Mo 


121 




Cleveland, Ohio 


200 




Other metro, areas 


787 




School equipment, 
supplies, total 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States 






146,331 




13 
23 


19,787 
15,850 


17,3 
20.9 


2,344 
2,193 


6 

5 


668 
666 




New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 


U 
3 
5 
3 

11 

315 


4,171 
798 
1,429 
1,026 
3,386 

22,243 


2 


591 
178 
213 
206 
699 

,.3 2,772 


10 

"i 

3 

216 


209 
40 
69 
69 

249 

1,136 


10,509 
3,307 
3,573 
3,766 

14,284 

54, 541 


44,630 


Chicago, 111 


$500,000— $999,999 
United States, total,. , 








Baltimore, Md 






37,790 






3 
7 
3 

5 
5 

49 


2,291 
3,960 
2,212 
3,242 
4,145 

16,073 


20.0 


270 
633 
273 
427 

590 

1,955 


2 
3 

31 


60 
196 
138 
130 
142 

555 


3,345 


Under $200,000 




11,598 




West North Central 


3,755 


United States, total... 


Mountain 


8,054 




14 
102 
72 
27 
25 
9 
16 
12 
38 

170 


1,090 
6,780 
5,058 
1,932 
1,885 

702 
1,475 

905 
2,416 

10,787 


2 


183 
766 
644 
236 
254 
88 
212 
121 
268 

3.8 1,243 


5 
83 
39 
21 
15 

6 
10 

3 
34 

140 


75 
322 
250 
102 
103 
43 
79 
45 
117 

518 


3,336 
15,143 
12,608 
4,749 
4,769 
1,722 
3,850 
2,560 
5,804 

24,550 




11,038 


New England 


$200,000— $499,999 
United States, total... 
Middle Atlantic 








West North Central 


35,948 




10 
10 
4 
8 
5 
5 
3 
4 

18 
164 


2,998 

3,036 
1,477 
3,070 
1,449 
1,615 
1,017 
1,411 

5,895 
12,732 


21.4 
21.5 


461 
424 
194 
356 
149 
145 
72 
154 

850 

1,305 


2 
9 
4 
2 
4 
2 
4 
4 

7 
LJ3 


112 
103 
86 
68 
64 
55 
28 
39 

189 
571 






8,277 




East North Central 


7,951 




West North Central 


3,417 




South Atlantic 


5,574 






3,319 




West South Central 


3,286 


14 metro, areas, total. 




1,625 




73 
19 
20 
9 
6 
5 

9 

3 
"i 
7 
8 
3 

143 


4,628 

1,121 

1,203 

616 

515 

422 

553 
197 
361 
363 
497 
140 
171 

18,794 


2 


498 
160 
83 
64 

51 
70 

106 
12 
29 
50 
84 
23 
13 

5.2 2,627 


61 
10 

20 
6 

5 
1 

8 

5 
8 
3 
5 
3 
5 

127 


204 
61 
38 
30 
19 
27 

49 
5 
17 
22 
32 
9 
5 

1,107 


10,036 
3,07o 
1,523 
1,098 
1,122 
1,299 

2,465 
186 
604 
937 

1,593 
401 
210 

47, 595 


Other divisions 


2,499 


New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 




14,725 


Under $200,000 
United States, total... 








Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 


27,963 


Boston, Mass 


65 
37 
13 
10 

13 
6 

13 
7 

89 


5,047 

2,273 

1,160 

829 

939 

629 

1,217 

638 

6,725 


21.1 


580 
196 
97 
66 
61 
90 
128 
87 

675 


51 
32 
7 
12 
8 
2 
9 
2 

71 


235 
98 

47 
29 
38 
28 
50 
46 

286 




San Francisco-Oakland, 


East North Central 


3,999 


Calif 




2,101 


Pittsburgh, Pa 








1,573 






Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn, 


Pacific 


2,729 


Buffalo, N. Y 




2,499 




14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 






13,666 


Religious supplies, 
total 


44 
15 
5 
4 

5 
3 

3 
6 


-3,341 

1,100 

384 

383 

424 
267 
393 
117 
316 




316 
74 
48 
84 

37 

45 

34 

7 

30 


38 

13 

5 

1 

1 
2 
1 
3 
7 


123 
35 
14 
39 

19 
17 
17 
6 
16 


6,532 




8 


7,140 


2 


3.9 1,057 


14 


375 


18,330 


Los Angeles, Calif 


877 


$500,000 and Over 




1,780 


United States, total... 


San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 


854 




4 
4 

8 


3,291 
3,849 

7,140 


2 


221 
836 

3.9 1,057 


14 

14 


83 
292 

375 


3,540 

14,790 

18, 330 


Pittsburgh, Pa 


770 




St, Louis, Mo 


742 




Buffalo, N, Y 


158 
512 









See footnotes at end of table 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.63 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusiness, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

mecropobtan area 



mCHINEBY, EQUIPMENT, 
SUPPLIES — Continued 

Surgical, medical, 
hospital equipment, 
supplies , total ... 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

Other divisions 

l-i metro, areas 



$500 , 000~$999 ,999 

United States, total. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 11 

Other divisions 3 

1^ metro, areas, total 

los Angeles, Calif 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

Calif 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 3 

Other metro, areas 12 

$200 ,000— $499 , 999 



United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific .'.. 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 9 

Philadelphia, Pa 5 

Detroit, Hlch 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Baltimore, Md 3 

Other metro, areas 6 

Under $200,000 

United States, total. 

New England 22 

Middle Atlantic 171 

East North Central 68 

West North Central 37 

South Atlantic 31 

East South Central 

West South Central 27 

Mountain 17 

Pacific 54 

14 metro, areas, total 



New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Hlch 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 3 

Mlnneapolls-St. Paul,MInn. 5 

Other metro, areas 

See footnotes at end of table. 



EsQb- 

Ush- 

ments 



(Num- 
ber) 



125 
31 
29 
13 
5 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



Cniousdnd 
dollars) 



Oper 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sale 



197.195 



72,322 



19 ,972 
20,193 
4,705 
27,452 

54,951 



41,718 



7,645 
4,830 
4,746 
4,287 
6,121 
4,260 
7,825 
2,004 

21 ,947 



2,740 
1,699 
4,218 

3,839 
2,073 
7,378 



52,189 



1,611 
16,141 
8,039 
3,725 
6,364 
2,901 
4,257 
1,394 
7,757 

23,619 



12,283 
2,137 
2,718 
1,574 
1,053 

1,289 

847 

1,718 



30.966 



1,177 
11,338 
4,415 
3,019 
2,565 
682 
2,103 
1,674 
3,993 

16 , 517 



8,068 
2,096 
1,984 
1,072 
328 
221 

750 
471 
542 
210 
209 
343 
218 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
Jollari) 



10,859 



2,br? 
3,105 
556 
4,521 
8,202 



6,114 



1,114 
599 
783 
778 
849 
621 

1,111 
259 

3,213 



325 

311 
597 

542 
355 

1,083 



6,977 



214 
2,233 
1,157 
599 
790 
279 
550 
184 
971 

3,301 



1,776 
265 
313 
198 
115 

188 
147 
299 



3,945 



168 
1,370 
511 
443 
308 
84 
266 
192 
603 

2,166 



Active 
propn- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Mum- 
btr) 



136 
53 
20 

18 
2 



,063 

217 

329 

82 

57 

36 

92 
63 
78 
36 
31 
40 
42 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployeca 

(>(um- 
ber) 



7,798 



2,783 



540 

809 

125 

1,309 

1,987 



357 
139 
1^5 
201 
203 
152 
245 



82 
194 

140 
91 
214 



1,980 



70 
621 
329 
180 
223 
101 
146 

44 
266 



496 
57 



1,466 



508 
173 
158 
123 

36 
113 

81 
195 



379 
72 
98 

30 



Payroll 



(Dollars) 



202,846 



48,286 

59,531 
10,654 
84,375 

150,854 



115,704 



20,442 
11,013 
19,292 
14,685 
12,018 
12,657 
21,787 
3,810 

65 ,459 



7,859 
6,261 
11,421 

9,538 
6,352 
24,028 



128,626 



4,310 
38,632 
21,441 
12,007 
14,195 

5,023 
10,390 

2,766 
19,862 

61 ,625 



30,552 
5,179 
6,767 
3,339 
2,319 

3,977 
2,892 
6,600 



77,802 



3,297 
26,811 
9,403 
8,170 
5,706 
1,767 
6,277 
3,842 
12,529 

42,200 



20,14A 

4,171 

6,352 

2,011 

971 

724 

2,459 
1,256 
935 
804 
645 
762 
966 



Kind of businesi^ 

sales-si?c group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



MACHINERY, EUUIPHENT, 
SUPPLIES— Continued 

Miscellaneous pro- 
fessional equipment, 
supplies, total 



$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total. 

Middle AUantic 

East North Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 



$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total,. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Otlier divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Detroit, Mich 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, ^W 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia , Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Buffalo, N. Y 



Estab- 
Ush- 
ments 



Qium- 
her) 



41 
225 
188 
98 
72 
31 
53 
20 
62 



113 
45 
29 
22 
16 



Sales, 
entire 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



170,767 



41,565 



28,066 
5,809 
7,690 



25 ,795 



10,472 
3,451 
2,659 
4,200 
3,199 
1,814 

17,309 



6,480 
2,112 
1,907 
6,810 



43,497 



2,362 
9,922 
9,005 
5,476 
3,538 
1,462 
4,561 
1,765 
5,406 

22 ,761 



5,752 
1,504 
3,418 

901 
1,115 
1,504 
1,601 
1,462 
1,140 

935 
3,429 



59 ,910 



2,833 
16,290 
14,006 
7,821 
6,641 
2,860 
3,961 
1,043 
4,455 

23,239 



8,393 
3,305 
1.816 
1,558 
1,430 
1,016 

1,116 
499 
323 
433 
365 
912 

1,236 
837 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



33,715 



7,082 



5,177 

1,099 

806 



4,096 



1,550 
603 
373 
575 
715 
280 

2,937 



824 

446 

423 

1,244 



9,745 



456 

1,974 

2,529 

1,611 

631 

302 

715 

382 

1,145 

4,948 



1,091 
414 
792 
188 
260 
471 
495 
234 
293 
149 
561 



12,792 



541 

3,211 

3,493 

1,364 

1,304 

600 

864 

197 

718 

4,210 



1,394 
651 
262 
370 
316 
140 

150 

65 

32 

102 

87 

127 

275 

189 



Active 
propri- 
etors, • 
Novem- 
ber 



(Num- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees Pay roll 

(Num- 
ber) 



12 ,499 



1,781 
324 
273 



20 
152 
96 
45 
28 
12 
32 
15 
59 



525 
191 
174 
185 
215 
85 



212 
142 
155 
466 



194 
616 
384 
554 
263 
124 
270 
147 
368 



332 

U2 

243 

71 

89 

142 

172 

102 

98 

48 

231 



5.326 



243 
1,287 
1,365 
789 
530 
264 
422 
90 
286 

1,617 



519 
222 
107 
153 
105 
65 



31 
34 
40 
35 
68 
114 
78 



(Dollars) 



644,008 



92,198 
20,114 
16,107 



76,940 



29,172 
11,609 
7,660 
9,891 
13,356 
5,252 

55 ,701 



15,279 
8,564 
3,058 

23,800 



185.294 



3,454 
37,181 
48,809 
30,108 
11,816 

5,762 
13,867 

6,842 
22,455 

95,588 



21,629 
7,425 

15,727 
3,865 
5,310 
9,135 
9,797 
4,3U 
5,053 
2,890 

10,446 



253,355 



10,462 
60,903 
69,572 
36,637 
27,026 
13,118 
16,891 
3,747 
14,999 

81,319 



26,576 
12,600 
5,697 
7,005 
5,565 
2,641 

2,617 
1,319 
1,870 
1,768 
1,709 
2,433 
5,389 
3,630 



2.64 



WHOLESALE TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.- SALES SIZE- SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS; 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of'busmcss, 

sdlcs-suc group, 

;cogniphic Jivisjon,and 

metropolitan area 



MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT, 
SUPPLIES— Continued 



Barber, beauty 
supplies, total. 



$500,000 and Over 



United States, total. 



Middle Atlantic. 
Other divisions. 



$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oaliland,CMif. 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 
Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland ,ailf. 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Hinneapolis-St. Paul,Mlnn, 
Buffalo, N. Y 

Laundry, dry cleaning 
equipment, supplies 
total 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$500,000— $999 ,999 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions. 



Esub- 

lish- 

ments 



(Hum- 
ber) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Tfioiwdnd 
dollirs) 



58 
255 

178 



133 
49 

31 
28 

8 
17 
11 
11 
13 

9 

7 
12 

8 



100,228 32.6 



Oper- 
ating 
ev 

pcnsea 
(inc. 
pay 

roll) as 
per- 
cent 

□f sales 



4,278 
5,830 



30,625 



1,668 
8,072 
5,006 
3,007 
3,915 
1,012 
2,197 
1,748 
4,000 

16,022 



3,023 
1,124 
1,893 
1,979 
1,255 

939 
1,360 

751 
1,032 
2,666 



59,495 



3,252 
12,690 
12,472 
4,901 
7,696 
3,309 
7,330 
1,453 
6,392 

19,475 



6,219 

2,998 

2,490 

837 

633 

867 

940 

592 

1,395 

563 

486 

485 

714 

256 



113,530 



32,867 



11,376 
5,260 
6,474 
9,757 

22,567 



34.789 



7,256 
7,654 
3,944 
5,997 
3,725 
3,204 
3,009 



Pay roll, 

entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollaTs) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



i>er) 



940 
1,043 



5,874 



426 
1,477 
1,050 
506 
709 
159 
392 
416 
739 

3,m 



519 
282 
343 
456 
361 
176 
228 
116 
147 
483 



9,099 



510- 

1,791 

2,082 

831 

1,183 

490 

969 

231 

1,012 

2,850 



815 

452 

314 

73 

106 

132 

173 

101 

289 

91 

93 

84 

72 



12,448 



3,934 



1,520 
552 
663 

1,249 

2,863 



3,946 



817 
966 
422 
546 
452 
433 
310 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

ber) 



44 
224 
141 
44 
105 
33 
96 
18 
90 



119 
45 
38 
35 
8 
12 
11 



233 

271 



Payroll 



(Diill<irs) 



121 
550 
322 
176 
233 
62 
127 
130 
276 

1,038 



169 
79 

107 

183 
99 
36 
93 
42 
54 

176 



226 

793 
765 
336 
507 
213 
453 
90 
368 



331 

152 

111 

45 

37 

63 

71 

51 

102 

36 

33 

26 

37 

20 



333 
132 
191 
323 



191 
247 
136 
141 
102 
85 



325,764 



15,275 
20,144 



113,182 



7,261 
29,269 
19,158 
10,553 
13,826 
3,232 
7,633 
8,199 
14,051 

59,171 



10,256 
5,251 
6,293 
8,719 
6,036 
3,278 
4,766 
2,197 
2,549 
9,826 



177,163 



9,938 
35,035 
39,884 
15,015 
22,528 
10,434 
18,688 

4,609 
21,032 

55,814 



15,910 
8,826 
6,453 
1,405 
1,380 
2,354 
4,413 
1,924 
5,050 
1,867 
1,805 
1,556 
1,506 
860 



224,995 



69,573 



25,263 
10,114 
10,761 
23,435 

49,058 



1,090 



14,899 
17,373 
6,777 
9,409 
9,915 
7,321 
5,396 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division.and 

metropolitan area 



MACHINERY, EOUIPMENT, 
SUPPLIES— Continued 

Laundry, dry cleaning 
equipment, supplies-- 
Continued 

$500,000— $999,999— Con. 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central.. 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jereey 

Chicago, 111 

Boston, Mass, 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

Eas t North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-OaklandiCalif, 

St. Louis, Mo 

Baltimore, Md 

Other metro, areas 



Shoe findings, total 

$5,000,000 and Over 
United States, total.. 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Wum- 



New England 

14 metro, areas. 



$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Other divisions . . 

14 metro, areas 

$500, 000— $9 99, 999 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Other divisions 



Sales, 
entire 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 

ating 

ex- 
penses 
.(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per- 
cent 
of sail 



1,279 



2,193 

1,648 

2,055 

11,338 



28,361 



1,690 
4,348 
6,081 
2,379 
5,119 
2,025 
3,790 
1,256 
1,673 

11,761 



2,998 
1,819 
1,690 
1,193 

4,061 



17,513 



Pay roU, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



892 
4,076 
2,712 
1,309 
1,970 

578 
1,762 

843 
3,366 

9.350 



2,897 
672 
935 
505 
601 
576 

1,407 
927 
239 
591 



70.828 



70,328 
70,828 



85.304 



36,658 

30,516 

12,749 

5,381 

77,620 



37,819 



10,710 

14,959 

5,516 

6,634 



223 

237 

277 

1,373 



2,856 



176 
497 
679 
237 
477 
172 
343 
98 
177 

1.321 



402 
209 
176 
153 
381 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(Num- 
ber) 



63 
386 
255 
177 
234 

59 
134 



276 
51 
58 
41 
51 
48 
127 
103 
18 
82 



1,517 



1,517 
1,517 



3.993 



1,527 

1,339 

672 

455 

3,603 



552 
916 
463 
845 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 



51 
127 
173 

73 
139 

47 
109 

36 

41 



97 
53 
51 
35 
116 



Payroll 



(Dollars) 



25 
141 
88 
63 
93 
18 
59 
23 
86 



_549 



249 
249 



287 
227 
137 
122 



103 
200 
131 
216 



38,258 



53 


4,305 


67 


4,945 


64 


4,906 


345 


24,102 



51,744 



3,329 
8,313 
12,609 
4,127 
8,786 
3,464 
6,260 
1,638 
3,218 

23,938 



6,481 
4,893 
3,329 
2,015 
7,220 



32,588 



1,403 
6,911 
4,724 
3,432 
4,808 
943 
2,715 
2,043 
5,609 

16,542 



95 


4,979 


17 


983 


19 


1,272 


20 


771 


21 


890 


20 


1,183 


42 


2,487 


34 


1,956 


10 


608 


27 


1,413 



335.980 



22,752 



22,752 
22,752 



60.609 



23,506 
19,960 
9,496 
7,647 

56,373 



44.651 



8,459 
15,143 

7,979 
13,070 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.65 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE- 



-SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 
STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of [business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT, 
SUPPLIES —Continued 

Shoe findings — Con. 

$500,000— $999,999— Con. 

K metro, areas, total 

New york-Nortiieastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Boston, Mass 

Other metro, areas 

$200 ,000— $499 , 999 

United SUtes, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago , 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia , Pa 

Boston, Mass 

San Franclsco-Oa]£lan(^Callf. 

St. I/DUls, Mo 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United states, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Franclsco-OailaniCallf, 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Iz)uls, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Bal ttmore , Md 

Mlnneapolls-St.Paul, Minn. 
Buffalo, N. Y 

Undertakers' supplies, 
total 

$200,00'' and Over 

United States 

14 metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North C♦^ntral 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 



14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Other metro, areas 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Num- 
ber) 



166 
438 
137 
50 
67 
14 
30 
U 
62 



327 
48 
28 
30 
13 
99 
17 
15 
10 
4 
12 
11 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
Df sales 



12,387 
2,413 

10,710 
3,820 



63,473 



11,836 
28,663 
6,468 
2,745 
3,487 
1,478 
3,611 
987 
4.198 

43,769 



21,283 
3,351 

1,338 
3,342 
9,591 
1,126 

1,137 
2,601 



70,465 



10,894 
27,962 
11,453 
4,579 
5,301 
1,494 
2,709 
1,036 
5,037 

43,001 



20,865 

3,584 

2,378 

1,416 

1,108 

7,310 

1,017 

1,334 

858 

187 

1,071 

717 

690 

466 



4,122 
2,938 



5,618 



48i 
2,327 
956 
364 
855 
190 
311 
134 

2,608 



1,391 
279 
253 
685 



32.2 

27.4 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



707 
95 
552 
368 



5,302 



860 
2,175 
635 
288 
299 
134 
354 
83 
474 

3,426 



1,699 
257 
163 
187 
605 
94 
142 
279 



5,779 



975 
1,925 
977 
460 
492 
133 
243 
128 
446 

3,274 



1,496 
236 
154 
75 
120 

tie 

107 
90 
88 
26 

103 
49 
72 
42 



1.522 



837 
436 



43 
263 
111 

63 

153 

8 

26 

18 



130 
56 
35 

81 



Active 
propri- 
etors." 
Novem 
ber 



{>tum- 
_krl_ 



110 
376 
146 
48 
62 
13 
25 



257 
55 
38 
35 
11 
67 
23 
17 
5 
7 
15 
12 
6 
10 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Num- 



148 
22 
103 

82 



1,501 



258 
529 

200 
89 
90 
47 

116 
30 

142 



385 
84 
44 
62 

154 
33 
35 
34 



373 
665 
340 
183 
177 

56 
117 

45 
162 

1,126 



33 
35 
211 
43 
39 
30 
10 
35 
21 
28 
16 



251 
144 



17 
106 
44 
13 
4-4 

5 
13 

5 



Pay roll 



(.Dotlars) 



11,043 
1,500 
3,459 
6,071 



97,696 



16,854 
38,188 
12,395 
5,602 
5,398 
2,330 
6,068 
1,801 
9,060 

62,?71 



29,345 
5,880 
3,035 
3,336 

11,145 
1,723 
2,692 
5,415 



110,272 



18,454 
36,131 
17,685 
8,341 
9,788 
2,675 
5,487 
2,201 
9,510 

62,903 



28,407 
4,463 
3,434 
1,443 
2,144 

11,996 
2,390 
1,695 
1,719 
499 
1,822 
1,001 
1,196 
694 



28,247 



15,850 
8,X9 



12,397 



802 

5,227 

2,280 

908 

2,249 

157 

547 

227 

5,732 



774 
1,455 



See footnotes at end of table. 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT, 
SUPPUES— Continued 

Upholsterers' sup- 
plies, total 

$500,00 and Over 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia , Pa 

Boston, ftess 

Other metro, areas 

Miscellaneous service 
equipment, suppll es, 
total 

$1,000,000 and Over 
United States, total.. 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 
United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

ChlQago, 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 

San Francisco-Oakland ,f^11f. 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 
United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 



Estab- 
lish- 



(Hum- 
_berL 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Tlioujdnd 
dollars) 



Opef 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



22,396 



4,044 
4,423 
3,828 
6,139 
6,962 

13,362 



14,184 



4,374 
4,400 
1,638 
1,832 
1,940 

10,481 



2,821 
1,296 
1,049 
5,315 



1,924 



630 
4,371 
1,204 
257 
939 
594 
357 
572 

5,721 



2,863 
521 
333 
757 
358 
889 



19,889 



9,307 
10,582 



34,459 



2,126 
11,877 
6,284 
1,990 
2,844 
6,301 
3,037 

25,208 



7,257 
3,023 
2,606 
2,745 
9,577 



46,124 



1,727 
12,936 
9,041 
4,767 
4,178 
708 
4,941 
1,709 
6,067 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



2,273 



478 
497 
432 
524 
342 



353 
511 
235 
144 
160 



200 
182 
103 
513 



57 
310 
121 
16 
79 
37 
20 
38 



194 
46 
19 
60 



20,649 



1,930 



1,141 
839 



4.002 



255 

1,419 

924 

152 

208 
827 

217 

2,877 



853 
381 
248 

241 
1,154 



6,404 



219 
1,713 
1,012 
817 
485 
120 
833 
322 
878 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(T'^um- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees Pay roll 

(Num- 
ber) 



102 
118 
145 
144 
84 



106 

140 

91 

38 

63 



57 


3,762 


54 


3,831 


32 


1,941 


178 


8,832 



22 
126 

50 
6 

34 

11 
8 

13 

181 



260 
224 



75 
324 
205 

37 

70 
187 



1A6 

66 

63 

57 

291 



478 
279 
203 
150 

38 
224 

82 
261 



(Dollars) 



40,218 



6,664 
9,696 

8,001 
9,781 
6,076 

22,524 



24,826 



6,337 
9,075 
4,155 
2,227 
2,932 

18,366 



12,532 



1,181 

5,745 

2,256 

348 

1,591 

456 

414 

591 

8,776 



3,220 
744 
360 

1,369 
940 

2,143 



21,882 
15,297 



72,675 



5,681 
28,493 
15,850 

2,322 

3,840 
12,889 

3,600 

52,408 



18,733 
5,962 
4,444 
3,970 

19,294 



121,661 



5,365 
30,069 
20,909 

14,094 
9,655 
2,226 

15,535 
6,202 

17,556 



2.66 



WHOLESALE TRADE-GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.~ SALES SIZE-SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of business, 

sales -sue group, 

geographic division,dnd 

metropolitan area 



MACHIN=:RY, 
SUPPLI'=:S- 



:-:quipment 

-Continued 



Misc. service equipt, 

supplies — Continued 

$200,000— M99, 999— Con. 

M metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Hioh 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St, Louis, Mo 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St, Paul, Minn, 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total,.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain, , 

Pacific 

1^ metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northepstem New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif, 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Cakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Miimeapolis-St, Paul, Minn, 

Buffalo, N, Y 

Aircraft, aeronautical 
equipment, supplies, 
total 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

Other divisions 



$500,000~$999,999 

United States, total... 

South Atlantic 

Pacific, 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas , 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic , 

East North Central 

West North Central , 

South Atlantic , 

West South Central 

Pacific 



14 metro, areas, total. 



New York -Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Other metro, areas 



Under $200,000 
United States, total. 



Estab- 

lish- 

menta 



{Hum- 
bcr) 



Middle Atlantic,... 
East North Central. 



36 
296 

187 
79 
98 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per' 
cent 
of sales 



26,506 



8,607 
2,679 
2,075 
1,431 
1,458 

2,372 
1,391 

1",707 
1,883 
1,106 
3,799 



60,494 



2,565 
18,408 
11,115 
5,019 
6,374 
1,584 
5,318 
1,822 
8,289 

29,788 



192 


11,615 




54 


3,061 




51 


3,311 




38 


2,603 




16 


1,230 




20 


1,137 




23 


1,653 




10 


8i7 




18 


954 




9 


377 




15 


782 




16 


601 




17 


898 




13 


719 





42,124 



14,184 



6,783 
7,396 



2,242 
4,271 
3,794 

4,785 



8,299 



935 
1,034 
1,431 

896 
1,029 
2,974 

3,824 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem' 
ber 



(N"m- 
ber) 



4,057 



1,164 
249 
325 

144 
274 

342 
259 
302 
296 
250 
452 



8,263 



360 

2,021 

1,893 

769 

978 

251 

788 

195 

1,008 

3,694 



1,287 
392 
330 
284 
203 
199 

251 

79 
182 

52 
158 

76 
111 

90 



602 
1,263 



935 
1,869 
1,020 



9,334 



1,293 
926 



292 
638 
433 



48 
107 
194 

77 
208 
363 



17 
269 
151 
50 
67 
25 
66 
15 
125 



179 
46 
53 
43 
16 
9 



48 
245 
146 



148 

131 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. IS 



ployccs 

(Num- 
hcr) _ 



318 
52 
94 
48 
63 

103 
62 
78 
89 
62 

168 



3,006 



127 
750 
608 
267 
372 
109 
306 
76 
391 



463 

131 
130 
108 
54 
66 



172 
305 



56 
212 
135 



15 
52 
63 
17 
43 
124 



Pay roll 



(DoUaTs) 



19,567 
,5,156 
6,253 
2,626 
6,632 

7,436 
4,827 
4,526 
5,876 
5,114 
10,310 



162,808 



7,024 
39,557 
34,136 
15,165 
20,912 

4,600 
15,859 

4,385 
21,170 

73,521 



25,999 
7,965 
7,017 
5,553 
3,014 
3,673 

5,658 
1,558 
3,599 
1,282 
2,795 
1,537 
2,203 
1,668 



11,892 
23,102 



4,966 
15,307 
9,703 



20,089 



953 
2,459 
3,281 
1,540 
3,593 
8,263 

10,021 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



953 
5,986 
3,082 



3,517 
2,725 



MACHINERY, EQUIPMENT, 
SUPPLIES— Continued 

Aircraft, aeronauti- 
cal equipment, sup- 
plies — Continued 

Under $200,000— Con. 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los /jigeles, Calif 

San Francisco-Oakland, 

.Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa, 

Other metro, areas 

Railroad equipment, 
supplies, total..., 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total.. 

East North Central 

Other divisions 



$500,000— $999,999 



United States. 



$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic , 

East North Central 

Other divisions, 

Under $200,000 

United States, total,,. 

Middle Atlantic , 

East North Central , 

West North Central 

South Atlantic , 

Pacific , 

Other divisions. 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey , 

Chicago, 111 

Other metro, areas 

Marine equipment, 
supplies, total...,, 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

South Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas. 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

South Atlantic 

East South Centra] 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastem New 
Jersey. 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Other metro, areas 



Esub- 
lish- 
ments 



(Num- 
_b2L 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Tlioujand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 

.pay 

roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



612 
1,360 
1,295 

485 
2,934 

429 

4,626 



910 

426 

1,753 

446 
243 
848 



48,908 



39,683 
9,225 



3,852 



2,264 
2,194 
1,340 



3,329 



787 
1,273 
227 
355 
302 
385 

2,946 



671 
1,020 
1,255 



102,857 



33,808 



10,676 
9,013 
8,397 
5,722 

16,728 



27,956 



5,139 
4,975 
1,628 
5,176 
7,883 
3,155 

12,754 



3,976 



2,755 
6,023 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Tliousilnd 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Num- 
ber) 



121 
200 
128 

53 
349 

59 



107 
54 
172 

46 

30 

127 



3,053 
732 



252 
222 

137 



48 
166 
63 
61 
39 
19 



43 
127 
171 



994 
830 
988 
533 



629 
533 
133 
465 
938 
346 



389 
689 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 



52 
70 
51 
19 
117 
18 



349 
133 



2,905 



233 
176 
220 

131 



126 
161 

58 
157 
222 

94 



73 
175 



Pay roll 
(Dollari) 



2,406 
4,347 
2,642 
917 
7,279 
1,024 

12,212 



2,707 
1,209 
3,675 

911 

617 

3,093 



63,886 



52,484 
11,402 



4,721 
4,377 
2,268 



3,153 



1,105 
3,133 
1,184 
1,793 
652 
291 

7,153 



965 
2,374 
3,8U 



203,675 



60,585 



20,521 
14,269 
18,173 
7,622 

31,940 



54,937 



9,150 
9,443 
2,980 
9,549 
18,130 
5,735 

22,819 



6,630 



6,034 
10,155 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.67 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE- 



SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS — GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 
STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kjnd of Ibusiness, 

sales sise group, 

geographic division.and 

metropolitan area 



MACHTNEFnr, EQITTPMEMT, 
SUPPLIES — Continued 

Marine equipment, 
supplies — Con. 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total,.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

li metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Los Angeles, Calif 

San Francisco-Oakland, Calif, 

Baltimore, Md 

Other metro, areas, 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central , 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central , 

West South Central 

ttountain 

Pacific 

lA metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Los Angeles, C-^lif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

San Franc l£co-nakland, Calif. 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Other metro, ' areas 

Other transportation 
equipment, supplies, 
total 

$500,000 and Over 

United States 

$200,000— $i99, 999 

United States 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

lit metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Los Angeles, Calif, 

Other metro, areas 

HETAI^, METALWORX 
(EXC. SCRAP) 

Iron, steel and 
products , total 



$5,000,000 and Over 



United States, total. 



Middle Atlantic... 
East North Central, 
Pacific 

Other divisions.... 



14 I 



etro. areas, total. 



New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey • 

Chicago, 111 

Other metro, areas 



Estab- 

Ush- 

ments 



(Hum- 
bcr) 



i 


1,J43 


21 


6,165 


17 


5,063 


18 


5,735 


19 


5,753 


5 


l,i56 



8 


942 


36 


2,835 


16 


1,573 


5 


573 


53 


4,027 


3 


395 


K 


1,326 


3 


304 


40 


3,603 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 

ating 
ex- 
penses 

(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 



4,890 
1,162 
1,394 
784 
2,689 



2,302 
1,224 



1,895 
1,155 



11,135 



6,691 



2,105 



973 
236 
665 
465 



679 
480 
190 



307,405 



88,777 
123,597 
38,051 
56,980 

276,226 



62,445 
78,696 
135,085 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



110 
811 
495 
543 
734 
146 



722 
121 
202 
63 
200 



120 
369 
124 

43 
389 

19 
182 

47 
376 



292 
147 
11 
98 
16 
219 
124 



21,44S 



5,122 
8,552 
4,061 
3,713 

19,555 



3,230 
6,357 
9,968 



Active 
propn- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(>(uni- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployee 



(Hum- 
bcr) I (Dollgri) 



23 
202 
147 
147 
165 

38 



170 
23 
49 
15 



40 
121 
53 
19 
159 



5,496 



1,120 
1,984 

1,019 
1,373 

4,742 



668 
1,604 
2,470 



Pay roll 



54,550 



1,781 
14,192 

8,967 
11,005 
15,498 

3,107 

24,933 



12,637 
2,117 
5,660 
1,086 
3,433 



33,553 



1,784 
7,363 
2,748 

V83 
7,866 

382 
3,434 

827 
8,366 

18,046 



5,863 
2,910 

269 
2,005 

266 
4,512 
2,221 



4,887 



4,892 



2,001 
780 

1,378 
733 

2,555 



1,498 
860 
197 



1,973,624 



386,053 



95,495 
149,343 
75,574 
65,541 

354,129 



61,556 
115,292 
177,281 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

: iphic division.and 

metropolitan area 



METALS. M'TALJORK 
(EXC. SCRAP)— Continued 

Iron, steel and 
products — Con, 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total. 



New England 

Middle Atlantic... 
East North Central. 
West North Central, 

South Atlantic 

East South Central. 
West South Central, 

Mountain 

Pacific 



14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey, 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich , 

Boston, Mass 

San Fran daoo -Oakland , Calif , 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St, Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Mr) 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 



$500,000— $999,999 
United States, total. 



New England 

Middle Atlantic... 
East North Central, 
West North Central, 

South Atlantic 

East South Central, 
West South Central, 

Mountain 

Pacific 



14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Franclscc^Oakland , Calif , 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio , 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn, 

Buffalo, N. Y , 

Other metro, areas ., 



$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain, 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, Calif. 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Baltimore , Md 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc- 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



586,324 



44,097 
163,785 
183,363 
34,583 
19,515 
3,906 
39,508 
7,780 
89,787 

404,422 



112,371 

67,447 

40,547 

17,487 

43,715 

21,845 

22,249 

16,109 

8,153 

35,210 

5,854 

6,882 

6,453 



165,372 



9,562 
48,307 
41,535 

8,041 
12,980 

2,534 
15,422 

2,305 
24,586 

104,695 



32,981 
U,S20 
12,067 
5,232 
5,459 
4,396 
7,660 
4,882 
4,297 
4,524 
1,761 
3,752 
1,854 



96,622 



4,156 
29,550 
27,386 
6,805 
5,048 
2,891 
5,595 
2,995 
10,095 

56,949 



61 


19,731 


28 


10,260 


17 


5,276 


12 


4,080 


11 


3,858 


5 


1,499 


4 


1,335 


3 


945 


6 


2,218 


12 


4,239 


5 


1,351 


4 


1,349 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



54,249 



4,411 
14,158 
17,049 
2,697 
2,074 
452 
2,835 
639 
9,914 

37,737 



10,402 

6,116 

4,923 

1,013 

4,305 

2,232 

2,310 

1,176 

754 

3,129 

502 

327 

548 



17,176 



1,017 
4,985 
4,720 

756 
1,241 

168 
1,216 

292 
2,781 

11,356 



3,648 
1,713 
1,350 
479 
941 
467 
591 
419 
493 
350 
214 
314 
267 



10,210 



583 
3,115 
2,914 
802 
761 
399 
504 
274 
858 

6,133 



2,065 
967 
528 
428 
277 
183 
98 
156 
203 
789 
154 
183 
102 



Active 
propri- 
etors,' 
Novem- 
ber 



(Num- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. IS 



r 

Em- 
ployees Pay roll 

(Hum- 
bcr) 



12,818 



1,016 

3,401 

3,578 

667 

526 

132 

800 

185 

2,512 

8,520 



2,405 

1,191 

1,231 

271 

944 

473 

590 

223 

197 

611 

141 

88 

155 



4,030 



283 

1,082 

1,079 

188 

335 

41 

304 

76 

642 

2,499 



720 
350 
300 
129 
214 
142 
171 
95 
82 
78 
53 
51 
104 



2,763 



160 
828 
704 
234 
263 
106 
154 
82 
232 

1,556 



487 

256 

132 

131 

61 

53 

37 

55 

82 

149 

43 

49 

31 



(Dollars) 



980,957 



76,843 

253,844 

309,974 

43,789 

43,001 

8,575 

51,178 

10,242 

183,511 

685,570 



184,860 
114,917 
83,284 
18,967 
75,760 
39,596 
47,350 
19,853 
11,555 
59,335 
13,463 
5,804 
10,826 



3K,894 



18,308 
89,592 
85,412 
14,997 
21,535 

3,114 
20,728 

4,812 
56,195 

209,558 



51,413 
31,832 
28,336 
9,040 
18,934 
8,748 
12,720 
8,345 
8,231 
5,256 
3,176 
7,481 
5,136 



187,129 



9,182 
57,425 
51,616 
14,558 
14,544 
7,728 
9,071 
5,119 
17,835 

111,433 



37,134 
18,905 
9,283 
8,532 
5,215 
2,763 
2,405 
2,762 
4,895 
11,146 
2,959 
3,251 
2,173 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2.68 



WHOLESALE TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.-SALES SIZE- SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS-GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusiness, 

sales- SI 50 group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



MKTALS, HETALWOHK 
(EXC. scrap) —Continued 

Iron, steel and 
produc ts — Contl nued 

Under $200,000 

United States, total,.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

W metro, areas, total. 

New York -Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston , Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa. 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Mlnneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Buffalo, N. Y , 

Other metro, areas 

Nonferrous metals, 
metalwork, total..,. 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States 

lA metro, areas. , . 



$1,000,000— $4,999,999 
United States, total... 



New England 

Middle Atlantic 24 

East North Central 12 

West North Central 6 

West South Central 5 

Other divisions. 

lA metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 21 

Chicago, 111 A 

Detroit, Mich 3 

St, Louis, Mo 3 

Other metro, areas 10 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 18 

East North Central 9 

South AtlantlCo i 

Pacific 3 

Other divisions 5 

lA metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 A 

Other metro, areas 16 

$200,000— $499,999 
United States, total,.. 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



{Hum- 
bcr) 



New England , 

Middle Atlantic 

East fjortl] Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 3 

Pacific 

Other divisions 3 

See footnotes at end of table. 



iO 
165 

112 
33 
31 
11 
39 
13 
63 



118 
28 
26 
15 
14 
12 



entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 
iting 

ex- 
penses 

(inc. 

pay 
roll', as 



<^,758 



3,493 
14,695 
10,811 
2,559 
2,333 
1,126 
3,761 
917 
5,063 

24,164 



10,268 
2,623 
2,019 
1,375 
1,141 
1,191 

946 
1,020 
759 
1,835 
425 
243 
319 



418,104 



247,951 
247,951 



120,485 



14,606 
43,924 
27,737 
13,584 
10,503 
10,131 

86,762 



35,657 
10,702 
5,144 
8,113 
27,146 



27,671 



11,992 
6,689 
2,939 
2,602 
3,449 

21,346 



7,254 
2,660 
11,432 



15,504 



1,277 
7,023 
2,463 

841 
1,084 
1,943 

873 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propn- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



{J^um- 
her) 



4,886 



379 
1,658 
1,259 
260 
323 
121 
307 
110 
469 

2,684 



1,253 
328 
164 
89 
167 
154 

71 
112 
74 
174 
42 
13 
43 



18,677 



7,879 
7,879 



7,287 



603 
2,361 
1,740 
1,053 

502 
1,028 

5,351 



2,103 
721 
382 
738 

1,407 



1,810 



738 
375 
220 
257 
220 

1,458 



481 
135 
842 



124 
597 
196 
55 
61 
52 
55 



9 

110 
77 
26 
13 
5 
28 
11 
60 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workvi'eek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 



ber) (Dollars) 



1,746 



158 
551 
397 
113 
122 

59 
132 

45 
169 



399 
92 
59 
31 
53 
49 

30 
41 
29 
42 
14 



4,737 



1,798 
1,793 



211 
558 
411 
373 
185 
241 



488 
160 
83 
268 
434 



193 
86 
53 
63 
53 



115 

31 

216 



Pay roll 



104,591 



8,336 
37,048 
24,985 
6,114 
6,056 
2,319 
6,681 
2,608 
10,444 

57,820 



28,454 
6,149 
3,463 
1,928 
4,107 
3,137 

1,807 
1,812 
1,368 
2,964 
1,372 
354 
905 



146,766 
146,766 



133,781 



10,525 
42,064 
29,890 
23,667 
11,619 
16,016 

98,273 



36,500 
11,770 
7,055 
17,856 
25,092 



31,689 



12,685 
6,578 
3,557 

■ 4,637 
4,232 

25,564 



8,151 
2,503 
14,910 



23,202 



2,?62 
10,862 
5,199 
1,164 
1,506 
1,176 
1,033 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



METALS, METALWORK 
(EXC. SCRAP)— Continued 

Nonferrous metals, 
metalwork — Con . 

$200 , 000— $499 , 999— Con . 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

South Atlantic. 

Pacific 

Other divisions, 

14 metro, areas, total, 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 , 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Boston, Mass 

Other metro, areas 

WASTE MATERIALS 

Iron, steel scrap, 
total. 



$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey ,. 

Chicago, 111 

Detroit, Mich 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

$1,000,000~$4,999,999 

United States, total,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland , Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Other metro, areas,......, 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total,. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 



Estab- 
lish- 
menta 



(Hum- 

-i5i_ 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
JollgTs) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of salea 



10,262 



5 ,098 . 
1,039 
4,125 



6,493 



646 
2,590 
1,245 
604 
967 
441 

4,082 



,940 
781 
129 
313 
919 



728,468 



240,111 
357,362 
58,877 
72,118 

518,118 



59,859 
137,301 
42,453 
78,018 
84,480 
23,628 
92,379 



508,616 



31,916 
99,931 
207,212 
36,373 
47,029 
31,406 
36,461 
18,288 

212,277 



23,562 
28,057 

8,567 
20,983 
29,777 
10,769 
25,142 
19,686 
25,900 

8,319 
11,515 



181,134 



50,406 

60,582 

16,995 

11,418 

8,513 

18,010 

8,759 

6,451 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(ThoiMflnd 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Hum- 
ber) 



474 
24 
313 



14 
188 
182 
79 
41 
57 



122 

137 

2 



16,075 



5,400 
7,292 
1,274 
2,109 

10,702 



1,672 
3,431 
735 
849 
941 
695 
2,379 



30,313 



1,852 
5,434 
13,119 
1,169 
3,437 
1,656 
2,231 
1,415 

12,369 



1,500 
1,565 

535 
1,135 
1,914 

571 
1,198 

548 
1,758 

877 

768 



14,185 



3,639 
5,091 

975 
1,063 

583 
1,286 

879 

669 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Num- 



111 
8 
90 



56 


3,450 


38 


2,947 


1 


40 


5 


175 


26 


1,840 



3,315 



1,125 

1,211 

340 

639 

1,899 



281 
425 
100 
160 
181 
183 
569 



8,798 



517 

1,612 

3,230 

319 

1,305 

621 

761 

433 

3,291 



384 
449 
194 
353 
416 
135 
317 
172 
370 
325 
176 



4,720 



1,264 
1,449 
375 
433 
286 
462 
253 
198 



Payroll 



(Dollari) 



15,259 



8,992 

606 

5,661 



12,677 



275 
4,725 
4,113 
1,613 

807 
1,144 

8,452 



249,044 



82,542 
105,460 
23,054 
37,988 

151,925 



25,278 
39,726 
8,474 
13,132 
16,340 
15,004 
33,971 



560,681 



35,595 
100,257 
236,941 
20,905 
66,255 
28,682 
43,200 
28,846 

229,755 



26,904 
32,259 
13,090 
20,702 
34,571 

9,181 
21,671 

8,940 
31,122 
17,307 
14,008 



265,503 



71,276 
95,453 
19,363 
18,060 
13,038 
20,431 
16,001 
11,881 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.69 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusincss, 

salcS'Sije group, 

geographic division,and 

metropoliun area 



WASTE MAIEHIAI^— Continued 
Iron, steel scrap— Ccn. 
♦500,000— *999,999 —Con. 

1'^ metro, areas, total. 



New Yorlt-Northeastem 
New Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Lob Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, fUch 

San Franc Isco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Mlimeapolls-St. Paul, Minn. 

Other metro . areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Vest North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central. ....... 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New Tork-Northeastem 
New Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston . Mass 

San Francisco-OajEland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Vashln^'ton, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Hd 

Mlnneapolis-St, Paul, Minn. 

Buffalo, N. r 

Under $200,000 

United states, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern 
New Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Mlnneapolls-st. Paul, Minn. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other scrap, waste 
materials, total..,. 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Num- 
bcr) 



Middle Atlantic, 
Other divisions. 



43 
99 
144 
46 
52 
29 
43 
10 
22 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dotkrj) 



Oper 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc- 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
sf sales 



1,993 



131 
451 
541 
335 
W5 

71 
154 

51 
114 



64,862 



20,075 
12,583 
3,049 
4,413 
6,945 

2,672 
5,019 
1,594 
2,587 
2,261 
3,664 



152,803 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollara) 



5,118 



13,172 

30,680 

45,348 

14,211 

16,973 

9,190 

13,190 

2,498 

7,541 

47,984 



10,678 
8,389 
2,789 
4,002 
3,877 
1,536 

1.632 
2,062 
2,021 
1,129 
4,070 
1,202 
1,857 
2,740 



125,174 



9,398 
27,678 
34,999 
17,904 
10,224 

5,068 
10,582 

3,401 

5,920 

32,750 



9,388 

4,074 
2,312 
2,704 
2,809 
2,031 

1,604 

489 
3,636 

391 
1,163 

522 
1,100 

527 



981,107 



22,300 

26,758 



1,358 

1,U7 

218 

305 

541 

131 
375 
155 
247 
252 
389 



13,127 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(?\(um- 
ber) 



1.201 

2,749 

3,934 

1,086 

1,640 

688 

1,029 

133 

667 

4,428 



Paid employees and 

pay roil, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 



(Xum- 
ijer) I (Dolkrt) 



413 
361 
64 
125 
151 

52 
169 
29 
73 
71 
135 



Pay roll 



979 
890 
237 
493 
340 
156 

132 
156 
172 
108 
266 
93 
116 
290 



11,238 



904 

2,479 

3,093 

1,314 

1,131 

430 

900 

340 

647 

2,889 



809 
387 
233 
223 
257 
173 

195 
AS 

305 
43 
95 
30 
57 
34 



81,433 



3,323 



1,307 
2,016 



21 
95 
140 
58 
51 
26 
21 
8 
22 



1,968 



106 
457 
559 
321 
127 
65 
U9 



155 
59 
54 
59 
35 
27 



4,641 



434 


23,408 


1,052 


53,29e 


1,337 


72,289 


444 


20,698 


783 


30,212 


476 


14,869 


518 


20,972 


59 


2,895 


224 


12,152 



1,545 



312 
243 

59 
189 
122 

58 

55 
70 
90 
52 

106 
40 
44 

105 



5,791 



442 
1,272 
1,522 
724 
640 
261 
526 
147 
257 

1,319 



334 
169 

114 
126 
113 
65 

73 
38 
148 
26 
48 
18 
27 
20 



31,596 



27, 
24, 

4 

5, 



250.793 



84,498 



19,052 
16,837 
3,172 
9,649 
6,693 
2,991 

3,145 
2,789 
3,804 
1,931 
4,854 
1,571 
2,253 
5,757 



231,498 



19,062 
50,566 
65,692 
25,985 
22,938 

8,151 
18,652 

6,346 
14,106 

60,451 



16,127 
8,166 
6,550 
4,607 
5,174 
3,751 

3,960 

884 

5,815 

1,199 

2,061 

561 

1,060 

536 



1,514,200 



380 
520 



23,276 
38,936 



Kind of business, 

sales-sisc group, 

geographic division.and 

metropolitan area 



WASTE MATERIALS— Continued 

Other scrap, waste 
materials— Continued 

$1.000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 



14 metro, areas, total, 

New york-Northeastem 

New Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total,.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic, 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem 
New Jersey 

Chicag-, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

BuTfalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

$200, 000— $499, 999 

United States, total.,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East N.-.rth Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 



Estab- 
Ush- 
ments 



Wum- 
_bejL 



!<♦ metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem 

New Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Franclaco-Oailand, 

Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 



Sales. 

enure 
year 



{Thousand 
dollaTs) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex' 

pcnses 
{inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



44 


32,047 


10 


7,621 


8 


5,217 


12 


8,072 


6 


4,466 


10 


7,341 


5 


3,615 


6 


3,798 


9 


6,720 


3 


2,190 


5 


4,133 


5 


3,172 



79 

229 

147 

36 

52 



352,233 



43,363 
99,151 
107,045 
22,8 5 
49,778 
10,436 
10,520 
9,045 



55,468 
34,832 
19,364 
14, 135 
26,372 
11,324 
10,082 
7,358 
18,972 



179,421 



19,823 
58,441 
50,229 
10,891 
15,798 
3,367 
5,430 
3,911 
11,531 

88,892 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



{TJiousand 
dolldTs) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novcm. 
ber 

(>(um- 
ber) 



22,511 



2,667 
5,836 
7,942 
1,308 
1,396 

873 
1,055 

934 

11,41 11,905 



3,220 

2,404 

1,124 

402 

1,506 

591 

742 

553 

1,363 



15,616 



192,044 



24,553 
68,738 
47,192 
11,186 
16,617 
4,353 
6,831 
1,128 
11,446 



131 


39,253 


38 


11,497 


15 


4,642 


37 


10,987 


13 


4,355 


37 


11,020 


9 


3,193 


9 


3,206 


8 


2,020 


9 


2,702 


8 


2,936 


5 


1,242 


7 


1,637 



1,863 

4,462 

4,434 

1,005 

1,342 

379 

285 

484 

1,362 

7.983 



2,610 
862 
730 
435 
244 
821 

381 
337 
746 
78 
242 
497 



18,745 



2,356 

6,340 

4,756 

1,279 

1,701 

485 

717 

83 

1,026 



9,468 



3,383 

1,056 
468 
854 
647 
997 

245 
444 
267 
307 
491 
103 
206 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
ber) 



6,763 



815 
1,439 
2,506 
374 
541 
383 
378 
327 



714 
665 
280 
149 
419 
187 
246 
159 
442 



5,659 



58 
214 

154 
28 
48 
14 
23 



124 
55 
18 
46 
12 
26 

9 

10 
9 
5 
9 



592 
1,562 
1,551 
499 
507 
187 
126 
157 
478 

2,890 



824 
321 
273 
176 
60 
225 

126 
101 
438 
62 
104 
180 



7,679 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



931 
2,447 
1,877 
591 
842 
252 
336 
48 
355 



1,243 
375 
188 
346 
245 
354 

72 
160 
132 
133 
281 



392,788 



48,895 
103.288 
137.072 
19,983 
30,860 
16,943 
20, 534 
15,213 



59,004 
40,774 
20,274 

7.152 
27,687 

9,282 
13,825 
10,354 
24,496 



288,540 



31,460 

84,491 

84,955 

20,040 

22,609 

7,662 

4,663 

7,897 

24.763 



49,677 
17,334 
15,075 
8,382 
5,196 
12,325 

6,099 
6,861 
14,659 
3,016 
4,395 
9,017 



354,243 



44,313 
117,361 
94,242 
23,668 
32,3% 

9,628 
11,680 

1,783 
19,172 



176,556 



63.165 
19,818 
9,191 
15,660 
12,337 
18,227 

4,705 
8,297 
5,124 
5,969 
10,207 
2.356 
3,500 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2.70 



WHOLESALE TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Tabic 2B. -SALES SIZE -SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS^GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of ibusincss, 

salessije group, 

geographic Jivision.and 

metropolitan area 



Eatab- 

Ush- 

ments 



{Hum 
bcr) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 

ating 
ex- 
penses 

(inc. 

pay 

roll) as 

per' 

cent 
oi sale; 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 



Pay roll 



iDollaTS) 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



{Hum- 
_bc±_ 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousarui 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
"pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Num- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Num- 
bcr) 



Pay roll 



(DollaTs) 



WASTK MATERIALS— Continued 

Other scrap, waste 
materials—Continued 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlaiitic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

W metro, areas, total.. 

New York -Northeastern 
New Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oailand, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

WaShin^on, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

OTHER MERCHANT WHOLESALERS 

Cameras, photographic 
goods, total 



$5,000,000 and Over 
United States 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total,. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central , 

Pacific , 

Other divisions , 

14 metro, areas , 

$500, 000— $999 , 999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York -Northeastern 

New Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Other metro, areas 

$200, 000— $499 , 999 

United Slates, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mcuntain 

Pacific 



14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern 
New Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Boston, Mass 

San Franc Iscn-Oailand, 
Calif 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Hd 

Other metro, areas 



1,975 



937 
150 

74 
256 

60 
190 

26 
23 
67 
22 

50 
47 
19 
54 



208,351 



46A 


25,743 


,559 


85,004 


684 


43,617 


242 


14,639 


194 


14,666 


77 


5,047 


99 


6,459 


52 


3,162 


177 


9,814 



111,162 



48,325 
9,564 
4,810 

14,024 
3,918 

10,618 

1,363 
900 
4,606 
1,667 
3,550 
3,781 
1,176 
2,860 



21,238 



45,731 



42,720 



14,103 

13,814 

5,069 

9,734 

37,967 



30,355 



6,266 
7,205 
3,057 
9,831 
3,996 

17,272 



2,499 

8,222 

4,666 

1,593 

1,664 

692 

627 

275 

1,000 

11,083 



4,743 
834 
522 

1,481 
414 
980 

187 
110 
412 
224 
489 
404 
92 
186 



3,750 



411 

1,766 

742 

218 

177 

75 

93 

56 

212 



4,039 



4,987 
2,983 
4,988 
4,314 



30,637 



4 


1,245 


27 


8,^46 


20 


6,505 


4 


1,182 


12 


3,4C8 


6 


1,964 


8 


2,416 


4 


1,071 


14 


4,240 



18,411 



6,441 

3,392 

1,353 

794 

1,113 

1,434 

719 

2,660 



1,335 

1,455 

405 

844 

3,605 



2,788 



735 
638 
184 
833 
398 

1,759 



1,092 
185 

94 
268 

31 
160 

28 
22 
59 
19 
52 
46 
20 
67 



10,595 



1,215 

3,926 

2,250 

821 

1,022 

397 

386 

111 

467 

5.198 



2,061 
365 
252 
766 
136 
488 

81 
57 
197 
121 
214 
252 
59 
99 



4,305 



337 
389 
107 
209 



639 

203 
453 
464 



3,462 



181 
1,226 
713 
90 
384 
178 
119 
116 
455 

2,221 



917 

392 

105 

89 

181 

147 

58 

332 



183 
191 
59 
229 
148 



157 

68 

132 

114 



66 
390 
202 
31 
131 
70 
44 
34 
135 



265 
107 
29 
26 



37 

28 

126 



416,417 



47,173 
159,936 
92,323 
30,390 
35,010 
12,415 
12,318 
5,2% 
21,506 

218,046 



91,273 
17,316 
11,318 
29,540 
7,605 
18,914 

4,312 
2,458 
8,061 
4,297 
9,491 
8,588 
1,518 
3,355 



27,750 



77,992 



26,723 

26,413 
9,151 
15,705 

69,030 



54,638 



14,076 
11,236 

3,706 
17,426 

8,194 

34,805 



12,279 
4,257 

10,208 
3,061 



65,011 



3,002 
23,597 
12,487 
1,794 
7,544 
3,172 
2,041 
2,092 
9,282 

42,741 



18,386 
7,850 
2,013 
1,512 

3,540 
2,102 
l,0.i5 
6,273 



See footnotes at 3nd of table. 



OOHEH MEHCHANT 
WHOLESAIEBS— Continued 

Caneras, photographic 
goods — Continued 

Under $200,000 

United States, total,,. 



New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central. 
West North Central, 

South Atlantic 

East South Central, 
West South Central, 

Mountain 

Pacific 



14 metro, areas, total. 

New york-Northeagtem 
New Jersey 

Chioaeo, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif..., 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Md 

Minneapolis,^t. Paul, Minn, 

Other metro . areas 



Sporting goods, toys 

total I 1,692 



5,000,000 and over 



United States . . . 
14 metro, areas. 



$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern 

New Jersey 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Other metro, areas 

$500,000~$999,999 

United States, total,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central, 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pac if ic 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total, 

New York-Northeastern 
New Jersey 

Chicago, 111 , 

Los Angeles, Calif , 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St, Louis, Mo 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 
United States, total,,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain ...,. 

Pacific 



20 

100 
64 
28 
22 
13 
22 
14 
41 



19,847 



830 
5,745 
3,713 
1,753 
1,855 

745 
1,629 

820 
2,757 

10,689 



94 
583 
400 
290 
210 

70 
202 
105 
396 

1.172 



38 
242 
152 
127 
101 
23 
89 
54 
163 



4,163 
1,668 
981 
364 
372 
410 

339 
551 
234 
339 
516 
501 
251 



429 
169 
118 
30 
43 



24,306 
24,306 



97,346 



7,092 
36,930 
12,785 
13,010 
4,588 
8,334 
14,607 

72,354 



28,291 

8,334 

35,729 



70,073 



5,156 
28,205 
10,8U 
6,708 
3,166 
4,378 
8,260 
3,389 

49,514 



18.1 



21,390 
3,534 
3,696 
2,541 
4,063 

2,801 
3,107 
2,760 

1,551 
4,071 



99,286 



6,096 
30,994 
19,389 
3,197 
6,845 
3,838 
6,218 
4,313 
13,396 



34,669 1,431 



1,471 
1,471 



9,506 



473 
3,260 
1,446 
1,206 
471 
838 
1,812 

6,852 



2,804 

838 

3,210 



7,020 



545 
2,752 
1,246 
666 
381 
434 
837 
159 

5,072 



2,317 
328 
296 
200 
434 

343 
131 
354 
131 
538 



9,373 



673 
2,662 

1,941 
974 
616 
355 
526 
483 

1,143 



175 
59 

36 

11 
15 
18 

31 
18 
17 
10 
28 



11,377 



300 
300 



124 
970 
449 
292 
140 
179 
543 

1,913 



728 

179 

1,006 



2,029 



158 
795 
365 
201 
116 
132 
200 
62 

1,443 



648 

105 



71 
125 



38 
166 



3,073 



198 
918 
582 
349 
218 
150 
190 
147 
321 



47.714 



1,926 
12,101 
7,790 
5,227 
4,381 
1,173 
3,763 
2,941 
8,407 
23,672 



8,731 

3,303 

2,103 

548 

857 

797 

1,693 
1,213 

795 . 

454 
1,286 
1,347 

540 



652,322 



24,615 
24,615 



174,003 



8,316 
64,348 
28,441 
22,364 

8,072 
14,790 
27,172 

Ul,520 



55,058 
14,790 
61,672 



129,049 



9,469 

50,840 
24,456 
12,059 
6,300 
6,519 
15,846 
3,560 

93,116 



42,515 
6,238 
6,486 
3,629 
7,529 

5,298 

2,505 

5,738 

2,394 

10,784 



173,012 



11,385 

50,637 

35,609 

17,435 

11,040 

6,450 

9,790 

8,582 

22,034 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.71 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE— SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind oflbusiness, 

salessise group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



OTHER MERCHANT 
WHOLESALERS— Continued 

Sporting goods, toys, 
gajnee — Continued 

$200,000— 1499,999— Con. 



li 1 



5tro, ai^as, total. 



New York-Northeastem 

New Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-0a3£land,Cali£ 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, 1*1 

Minneapolls-St. Paul, Minn, 
Buffalo, N. Y 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

li loetro. areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem 

New Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, CaMU 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore, Hd 

Mlnneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 
'Buffalo, N. Y 

Other recreation 
goods, total 

$500,000 and Over 

United States 

1^ metro, areas 

Under $500,000 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem 

New Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

San FrancIaco-Oakland,CallC 
Other metro, areas 

Books, periodicals, 
newspapers, totAl... 

$5,000,000 fmd Over 



United states... 
y* metro, areas. 



$1,000,000— $4,999,999 
United States, total., 

New England , 

Middle Atlantic , 

East North Central 

West North Centfal 

South Atlantic , 

Pacific 

Other divisions , 



Estib- 

Ush- 

ments 



(>(um- 
he) 



86 
467 
218 
98 
76 
25 
58 
39 
146 



3J7 
99 
60 
38 
21 
30 
28 
17 
27 
5 
17 
16 
13 
10 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



f^Thousani 
doltarj) 



Oper 
ating 

ex- 
penses 
(inc. 

pay 

roll) .IS 

pa- 
cent 

Df salci 



60,830 



20,792 
9,129 
4,888 
2,619 
2,151 
3,192 
3,650 
2,782 
2,616 
1,006 
2,063 
1,688 
2,053 
2,201 



86,605 



6,863 
32,729 
14,774 
7,738 
5,353 
1,941 
4,269 
2,683 
10,255 

52.150 



22,598 
6,362 
3,861 
3,725 
1,920 
2,642 
2,300 
1,664 
2,223 

411 I 

1,237 

1,589 

974 

644 



7,321 



3,850 
3,850 



3,471 



792 
829 
298 

1,008 
544 

1,992 



369 
336 
510 
261 
516 



53,689 
53,689 



135,338 



17,739 
59,751 
23,452 
3,889 
8,191 
15,153 
7,163 



11.8 
11.8 



15.7 
15.7 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
ioWari) 



1,689 
809 
429 
270 
170 
402 
220 
274 
345 
64 
261 
124 
17S 
189 



7,299 



Active 
propri- 
etors.* 
Novem- 
ber 



(?»[um- 



594 

2,656 
1,245 
772 
505 
167 
389 
181 
790 

4,399 



1,940 
581 
298 
242 
146 
228 
189 
127 
265 
55 
104 
105 
84 
35 



198 
198 



103 
63 
18 

123 
45 



51,530 



5,597 
5,597 



16.848 



2,204 

7,700 

3,658 

399 

733 

1,678 

476 



1,117 



70 

426 

197 

94 

68 

22 

51 

41 

148 



297 
96 
59 
36 
20 
21 
31 
17 
23 
7 
17 
16 
13 



1,022 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Num- 



1,778 



623 
241 
124 
85 
46 
108 
66 
98 
128 
23 
76 
55 
53 
52 



3,273 



263 
1,204 
562 
333 
245 

65 
174 

76 
351 

1,934 



832 

251 

133 

132 

59 

111 

81 

82 

104 

14 

41 

40 

41 

13 



22,315 



1,723 
1,723 



6,447 



757 
2,773 
1,726 
167 
283 
530 
211 



Pay roll 



(Dolhri) 



102,231 



32,566 
14,455 
8,506 
4,610 
2,757 
6,499 
4,912 
5,228 
6,612 
1,137 
5,948 
2,505 
3,308 
3,188 



151,643 



11,737 
55,305 
25,915 
14,949 
10,684 
3,154 
8,028 
4,597 
17,274 

91.425 



40,336 

12,020 

6,790 

5,293 

2,800 

4,588 

3,899 

2,816 

5,442 

858 

1,943 

2,041 

2,068 

531 



U,135 



3,920 
3,920 



•7,215 



1,897 
1,330 

640 
2,667 

691 

4,214 



1,493 

279 

1,121 

952 
369 



102,852 
102,852 



326,203 



41,524 
152,143 
69,702 

7,444 
1J,659 
32.316 

9,415 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division.and 

metropolitan area 



OTHER MERCHANT 
WHOLESALERS— Continued 

Books, periodicals, 
newspapers— Con. 

$1,000,000 — $4,999,999— Coik 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem 

New Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Boston, Mass 

Other metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific , 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



Warn- 
_bc±_ 



14 1 



stro. areas, total. 



New Yrrk-Northeastem 

New Jersey, 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

San Franci3co-0aklajld,CaU£ 
Other metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States,' total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 



14 1 



»tro. areas, total. 



New York-Northeastem 

New Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

L03 Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, Cali£. 

St. Louis, Mo 

Washington, D. C 

Mlnneapolls-St. Paul, Minn. 
Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem 

New Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, Calii; 

Pittsburg, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo. 

Washington, D. C, , 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Baltimore. Md 

Mlnneapolis-St. Paul. Minn. 
Buffalo, N. Y 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(TJiousand 
dollars) 



Oper 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
{inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



32 


9,903 


14 


4,508 


10 


3,143 


8 


2,042 


5 


1,405 


11 


3,551 


5 


1,380 


3 


1,140 


3 


1,000 


3 


1,179 


6 


1,811 



1,049 



38,470 
9,309 
7,343 
9,040 

34,676 



77,099 



8.464 
24,287 
15,275 
4,254 
6,794 
2,424 
5,004 
2,147 
8.449 

33,438 



23 


16,661 


10 


6,717 


5 


3,522 


3 


1,675 


7 


4,863 



102,535 



39 


11,867 


81 


25,548 


66 


19,841 


24 


7,903 


41 


13,083 


13 


4,020 


26 


8,031 


9 


3,040 


33 


9,202 



31,062 



87.803 



88 


8,361 


345 


22,953 


228 


21,549 


80 


5,845 


82 


8.186 


25 


2,892 


45 


3,884 


39 


3,870 


117 


10,263 



29,940 



228 


12,353 


M 


4,369 


36 


2,125 


23 


1,308 


12 


1.164 


35 


3,394 


17 


1,493 


5 


308 


9 


724 


5 


3a 


6 


495 


5 


412 


9 


341 


19 


1.133 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



5,288 
1,744 
739 
1,362 
3.905 



3,353 



799 
3,017 
1,710 
438 
684 
206 
408 
228 
863 

3,925 



2,343 
644 
269 
267 
402 



11.137 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(Xum- 
her) 



1,166 

2,812 

2,125 

1.138 

1.334 

466 

799 

312 

985 

4,017 



1,345 
665 
352 
278 
188 
453 
157 
155 
149 
115 
160 



9,595 



1.219 

2.869 

2.127 

637 

839 

233 

353 

295 

1,023 

4.147 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Num- 
bed 



1,619 

1,002 

243 

442 

1,464 



3,563 



444 
l,a2 
721 
178 
255 

87 
198 

97 
371 

1,620 



5,008 



46 
269 
160 
53 
48 
24 
28 
28 
108 



1,835 
545 
211 
127 
115 
765 
204 
23 
77 
48 
29 
54 
47 
67 



178 
35 
31 
25 
12 
9 
22 
4 
7 
3 
7 
5 
9 



692 
1,253 
883 
507 
565 
267 
363 
118 
360 

1,585 



Pay roll 
(Dollars) 



470 
233 
124 
129 
66 
260 
49 
99 
41 
53 
61 



5,574 



1,026 
1,373 
1,300 
405 
455 
134 
200 
150 
531 

2,244 



752 
318 

128 
101 
76 
600 
77 
U 
44 
24 
12 
21 
23 
57 



245,062 



96,301 
33,391 
14,227 
25,940 
75,203 



166,805 



17,144 
58,766 
33,485 

8,462 
13,924 

3,929 

8,319. 

4,149 
18,627 

80,767 



862 


45,237 


269 


13,525 


175 


6,318 


86 


6,009 


228 


9,678 



224.242 



23,001 
57,349 
43,229 
24.419 
24.886 
10,486 
15,664 
6,418 
18.790 

80,764 



26,229 
15,334 
6,863 
5,520 
3,720 
8,562 
2,844 
3,662 
2,986 
2,382 
2,662 



200,745 



25,057 
58,205 
47,764 
12,681 
16,885 
4,894 
7.771 
6,241 
21,247 

89,659 



37,815 

12,554 

5,331 

2.764 

4,351 

15,833 

3,942 

690 

1,505 

1,079 

615 

1,014 

879 

1,287 



See footnotes at end of table. 



2.72 



WHOLESALE TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Tabic 2B. - SALES SIZE - SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusiness, 

sales SI ;e group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



Esub- 

hsh- 

mcnts 



(Num- 
bcr) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll)n. 
pet' 
cent 
if sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors, • 
Noveni' 
ber 



(Hum' 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended neareat 

Nov. IS 



Em- 
ployees 

ber) 



Pay roll 



(Dollars) 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum- 
ber) 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 

.pay 

roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 

(Hum' 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(>(um- 
ber) 



Pay roll 
(DolUri) 



OTHER MERCHANT 
WHOLESALERS— Continued 

Coal, coke (with 
yard), total 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Other divisions 

W metro . areas 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999 

United States, total... 

New Ent'land 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Other divisions 

1.^ metro, areas, total. 

New Yorlt-Northeastem 

New Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

Other metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Other divisions 

l*, metro, areas, total. 

New york-Northeastem 

New Jersey 

Philadelphia, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

$200, 000— $499, 999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New Torl£-N:rtheastem 

New Jersey 

Chica^-o, 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Celitral 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem 

New Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

St. Lcjuis, Mo 

Baltimore, Md 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metrL 



595.195 



20,576 



6,074 



390,198 



94,153 
106, %7 
152,251 

36,827 

334,484 



126,600 



8,488 



2,708 
1,088 
3,228 
1,464 

5,930 



5,702 



651 
426 
757 
469 

1,597 



1,600 



25,095 
34,503 
48,962 
18,040 

56.007 



998 
1,421 
2,615 

668 

2,624 



16,386 
8,522 
6,505 
8,312 

16,282 



36,564 



609 
553 
360 
301 
801 



2,343 



19,200 
7,497 
4,455 
1,662 
1,652 
2,098 

22,972 



1,275 

385 

321 

92 

132 
138 

1,603 



9,350 
2,180 
2,593 
3,248 
5,601 



29,933 



675 
212 
178 
114 
424 



2,446 



14,590 
7,035 
3,351 
1,771 
1,216 
967 
1,003 

19,049 



1,032 
726 
259 
262 
54 
63 
50 

1,489 



7,714 
1,907 
1,873 
2,229 
2,872 
2,454 



11,900 



664 
209 
180 
157 
73 
206 



563 
4,446 
3,105 
1,250 
790 
523 
1,223 

6,985 



43 
431 
699 

101 
102 
74 
147 



1,980 
993 
545 
512 
502 

1,157 
398 
528 
365 



207 
107 
48 
76 
54 
85 
57 
56 
50 



258 
398 
783 
161 



326 
229 
92 

121 
17 
17 
13 



186 
58 
63 
55 
34 
83 



22 
184 
218 
39 
62 
60 
48 



157,610 



44,192 
20,125 
63,955 
29,338 

104,351 



104,679 



19,143 
24,274 
49,103 
12,359 

48,405 



133 


8,656 


203 


11,097 


94 


7,811 


65 


5,435 


247 


15,408 



39,659 



348 


21,272 


135 


7,146 


123 


5,619 


34 


1,758 


48 


1,769 


35 


2,093 



174 


9,768 


46 


2,850 


77 


3,223 


38 


2,263 


144 


8,882 



44,263 



17,686 
13,010 
4,688 
6,073 
884 
1,101 
821 

25,666 



10,409 
3,492 
3,260 
2,734 
1,608 
4,163 



33,929 



877 
8,275 
U,942 
2,594 
2,291 
1,618 
4,332 

U,171 



3,461 
2,125 

974 
1,332 
1,178 
1,605 
1,224 
1,374 

898 



OTHER MERCHANT 
WHOLESALERS — Continued 



Feed, total 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$1 , 000, 000— $4, 999 , 999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East S uth Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 
Other metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 
United States, total,,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern 

New Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total,,. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem 

New Jersey. 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

San Franc isco-Oailand,CalLil 

P ittsburgh. Pa 

St. Louis, Mo 

Baltimore, Md 

Other metro, areas 



600,143 



6.3 16,208 



6.285 



213,901 



92,611 
54,462 
66,626 



192,477 



1,781 

1,026 

732 

2,296 



5,934 



10,359 
35,689 
28,339 
45,700 
16,386 

3,208 
22,378 

6,187 
24,231 

59,675 



7,642 

7,872 

11,246 

33,115 



78,014 



462 
231 
226 
652 



8.4 3,119 



2,655 
8,108 
12,414 
16,353 
11,123 
6,789 
6,938 
2,627 
7,007 

9,284 



77,952 



2,748 
11,435 
11,931 
11,372 
13,746 

7,403 
12,508 

1,605 

5,204 

11,777 



3,925 
809 
1,353 
1,287 
1,127 
3,276 



37,799 



398 
5,350 
6,091 
6,204 
7,442 
2,460 
4,969 
1,175 
3,710 

5,434 



820 
926 
667 
572 
567 
356 
410 
658 
458 



344 
1,013 
635 
1,356 
565 
109 
486 
220 
986 

1,571 



2U 
398 
649 
514 
402 
265 
314 
113 
233 



147 
513 
751 
504 
621 
298 
520 
88 
220 



199 


13 


224 


1 


38 


5 


53 


2 


71 




150 


2 



17 
241 
411 
307 
391 
112 
222 

67 
186 



22 
129 
41 
34 
33 
11 
32 
27 
25 



434 
196 
132 



1,8a 



67 
259 
250 
412 
216 

65 
153 

98 
299 



96 
42 
41 
W3 



1,U7 



63 
112 
177 
212 
170 
132 
138 
41 
72 



1,604 



65 
196 
269 
220 
300 
157 
285 
45 
67 



9 
136 
165 
167 
205 
76 
125 
30 
68 



337,161 



58,990 



34,143 
U,190 
10,657 

37,261 



107,545 



5,397 
16,842 
15,907 
24,684 
10,510 
2,257 
6,350 
4,436 
19,160 

26,420 



7,604 

3,655 

4,435 

10,726 



57,813 



3,566 
7,356 
10,963 
9,593 
7,544 
5,523 
6,295 
1,762 
5,209 

9,328 



73,396 



3,033 
9,865 

1A,349 
9,636 

12,146 
6,187 

11,609 
2,365 
4,208 

13,654 



65 


3,702 


55 


4,384 


11 


655 


21 


1,125 


22 


1,342 


38 


2,646 



39,435 



348 
5,060 
8,364 
6,916 
7,203 
2,112 
4,613 
1,226 
3,593 

7,236 



416 
2,336 
S32 
1,1X 
553 
204 
770 
489 
536 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.73 



Table 2B.— SALES SIZE- 



SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS-- GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 
STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of Ibusiness, 

sales-sise group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



OTHER ^ERCHANT 
WHOLESAI£RS— Continued 

Fertilizers, agri- 
cultural chemicals, 
total 



$5,000,000 and Over 



United States. 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Hum 
bcr) 



$1 , 000 , 000— $4 , 999 , 999 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

East South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

l-i metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Other metro, areas 

$500,000~$999,999 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

West North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

lA metro, areas 

$200,000— $^99, 999 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific. 

Other divisions 

lA metro, areas, total 

New York-Ncrthea stern New 

Jersey 

Los Angeles, Calif 

San Franc lsco-Oaltland,Call£ 
Other metro, areas 

Under $200, OOC 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

lA metro, areas, total 

Nev York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

San Francisco-Oakland ,Ckll£ 

Baltimore, Md 

Other metro . areas 

Seeds, total 

$5,000,000 and Over 

United States 

$1 , 000 , 000-$i , 999 , 999 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 



See footnotes at end of table. 



Sales, 

entire 
year 



{Thoujand 
dolldfj) 



Oper 

ating 
ex- 
penses 

{inc. 

pay 

roll) as 

per' 

cent 
of sales 



3 


68 


12 


989 


6 


461 


10 


471 


22 


2,335 


i 


338 


9 


745 


5 


486 


41 


3,245 



139,923 



68,488 



13,708 
5,982 
7,845 
7,000 

19,048 
9,905 

38,110 



9,729 
7,832 
20,549 



18,095 



4,837 
2,086 
6,188 
4,984 

7,167 



19 ,970 



10 


2,946 


5 


1,572 


11 


3,142 


6 


1,6X 


7 


2,190 


5 


1,611 


15 


5,112 


5 


1,767 



5.747 



2,008 
1,228 
1,486 
1,025 



225 

1,061 
369 
306 
682 
587 



136,845 



5 


10,191 


22 


50,436 


15 


32,662 


4 


5,422 


8 


10,878 


4 


6,878 


6 


12,707 


4 


7,671 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



3,586 



,859 
125 
£,76 
116 
332 
176 



Active 
proph' 
etors/ 
Novem- 
ber 






846 

396 

1,215 



330 
182 
392 
373 



1.339 



226 
142 
199 
75 
35 



U2 

229 

126 

65 



131 
56 
25 

200 
48 
32 



23 
122 
76 
49 
37 
49 



9,589 



502 

3,530 

2,035 

172 

648 

267 

1,940 

495 



Piid employees and 

pay roU. workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. IS 



Em- 
ployees 

Mum- 
her) . 



156 

95 

287 



92 
48 
89 
168 



Pay roll 



(Dollari) 



418 


34,355 


29 


2,481 


151 


11,207 


102 


2,484 


236 


15,137 


52 


2,100 



45 
74 
37 
40 
23 
126 
32 



2,880 



3,215 



108 

1,030 

670 

62 

204 

74 

344 

223 



45,952 



15,256 
7,627 
23,069 



22,031 



5,010 
2,978 
7,713 
6,330 

9,127 



25.008 



3,722 

2,251 

3,812 

1,843 

1,435 

1.1 

9,287 

1,570 

10 •■'23 



1,940 
4,369 
2,837 
1,277 



17,062 



100 

3,014 

1,306 

669 

3,659 

691 

853 

971 

5,799 

7,626 



400 
2,388 
1,779 
1,045 

729 
1,285 



189,632 



7,532 
65,929 
34,512 

2,761 
15,443 

9,095 
40,016 
14,344 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division.anj 

metropolitan area 



CTHER MERCHANT 
WHOLESALERS— Con t i nued 

Seeds — Continued 

$1,000,000— $4,999,999— Con. 

14 tpetro. areas 



$500,000— $999 ,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$200 , 000— $499 , 999 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Phi ladelphia. Pa 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South A i. Ian tic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastem New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles, Calif.. 

Philadelphia, Pa 

San Francisco-Oakland.Calif 

St. Louis, Mo 

Cleveland, Ohio 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 

Miscellaneous farm 
supplies, total 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central. 

South Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

$200 , 000~$999 , 999 

United Slates, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 



Estab- 
lish- 
ments 



(Num- 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



{ThousaTid 
doltdri) 



Oper- 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 



50,389 



7,030 
8,928 
10,613 
i.ilr? 
4,595 
3,700 
6,611 
4,425 

7,905 



43 ,092 



1,185 
7,692 
5,867 
6,153 
3,555 
6,439 
5,372 
2,040 
4,789 

7,206 



3,149 
1,244 
2,813 



17,626 



1,763 
4,200 
2,054 
2,164 
1,238 
1,649 
3,766 
792 

4,226 



423 

634 
753 
550 
507 
182 
342 
198 
637 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dollars) 



3,795 



3,992 



703 
267 
121 
468 
603 
200 



3,663 



174,8C4 



10, ,93 
llo,835 
11,216 
13,179 
21,081 



7,686 



2,019 
1,354 
4,313 



599 
467 
81 
514 
637 
279 



116 
1,054 
408 
577 
235 
460 
261 
206 
546 

782 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem. 
ber 



(7>ium- 
ber) 



259 
247 
276 



200 
379 
152 
186 

77 
140 
343 

85 



372 
:,368 
467 
679 
710 



85 

91 
198 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



r 

Em- 
ployees Pay roll 

Wum- 
bcr) 



1,693 



251 
366 
394 
101 
58 
197 
211 
115 



68 

101 
116 



(Dollars) 



25 


3 


47 


2 


103 


3 


5 


3 



129 
188 
82 
88 
52 
95 
137 
33 



78,123 



13,980 
17,153 
15,208 
4,349 
2,415 
8,892 
11,724 
4,402 

17,713 



46 


2,176 


412 


18,088 


152 


7,428 


280 


13,350 


85 


4,337 


281 


11,636 


108 


4,613 


72 


3,108 


234 


-11,259 



3,966 
3,869 
5,116 



32,955 



4,649 
7,746 
3,303 
3,560 
2,148 
3,115 
6,952 
1,482 

8,745 



684 

1,051 

1,561 

737 

934 

265 

1,105 

330 

2,078 



107 


8,158 


773 


42,406 


171 


6,682 


156 


12,433 


318 


12,429 



9,339 



1,836 
3,439 
4,064 



17 


668 


26 


978 


9 


330 


23 


865 


31 


2,002 


4 


145 



2.74 



WHOLESALE TRADE— GENERAL STATISTICS 



Table 2B.-SALES SIZE- SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS— GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 

STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 

Establishments, Sales. Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 



Kind of business, 

sales sue group, 

geographic division.and 

metropolitan area 



OTHER MERCHANT 
WHOLESALERS— Continued 



Jewelry {general line 
total 



$1,000,000 and Over 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Other metro, areas 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total... 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

li metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Baltimore, Md 

Other metro . areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total... 

Hew England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West Sou th Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles , Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

St. Louis, Mo 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total... 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

East South Central 

West South Central 

Mountain 

Pacific 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York- Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

L3s Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Detroit, Mich 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 

Pittsburgh, Pa 

Minneapolis-St. Paul, Minn. 

Buffalo, N. Y 

Other metro, areas 



Esub- 

lish- 

ments 



{Hum- 
her) 



21 


13,879 




11 


8,724 




6 


3,990 




7 


4,396 




5 


4,184 




5 


3,146 




i 


2,432 





Sales, 
entire 
year 



{Thousand 
dol lars) 



Oper 

ating 
ex- 
penses 

(inc. 

pay 

roll) as 

per' 

cent 
of sales 



202,876 



103,856 



8,594 
38,175 
22,289 

9,515 

14,813 
10,470 

78,058 



25,337 
12,436 
40,285 



40,751 



7,145 
3,176 
2,724 
2,802 
2,409 
7,550 



40,427 



3,210 
10,808 
8,322 
3,389 
3,972 
2,803 
2,736 
1,155 
4,032 

22 ,082 



6,695 
4,118 
1,128 
1,564 
1,942 
2,065 
1,361 
3,209 



17,842 



12 


1,603 




65 


7,687 




21 


2,526 




13 


1,801 




9 


1,251 




3 


447 




3 


250 




3 


267 




17 


2,01C 





13,133 



4,483 
1,395 

738 
1,380 

553 
1,274 

299 
733 
1,243 
397 
638 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Thousand 
dollars) 



9,582 



682 
3,599 
2,379 

861 
1,351 

710 

7,301 



2,220 

1,396 
3,685 



4,003 



1,162 

1,072 
412 
485 
432 
268 
172 

2,316 



455 
290 
349 
277 
256 
689 



3,498 



318 
858 
673 
330 
276 
358 
219 



515 
405 

31 
145 

63 
196 
126 
327 



1,521 



161 

634 

218 

U2 

139 

26 

38 

34 

159 



375 
81 
89 

109 
55 

131 



Active 
propri 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



ber) 



Paid employeea antl 

pay roll, workweek 

ended neai^t 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(.Hum- 
ber) 



127 
675 
511 
223 
327 
146 



428 
318 
866 



277 
307 
101 
147 
108 
53 



63 

81 
91 
157 



1,012 



98 
225 

170 
89 
99 
84 
69 
58 

120 



54 
206 
73 
38 
38 



109 
25 
19 
43 
23 
38 

12 
20 
27 
9 
14 



Pay roll 



{Dollars) 



175,036 



10,330 
65,290 
46,000 
16,408 
23,074 
13,934 

136,959 



42,635 
27,867 
66,457 



77,947 



22,163 
19,924 
8,092 
9,618 
8,764 
5,267 
4,119 

43,988 



8,381 
5,881 
5,712 
5,649 
5,045 
13,320 



65,500 



5,752 
16,023 
12,115 
5,997 
5,422 
5,899 
4,402 
2,228 
7,662 

34,762 



124 


9,150 


104 


7,086 


27 


1,509 


55 


3,650 


9 


1,331 


60 


3,314 


32 


2,380 


87 


6,342 



29,628 



3,084 

11,928 

4,306 

2,248 

2,679 

573 

621 

677 

3,512 

20,923 



7,034 
1,571 
1,654 
2,288 
1,622 
2,389 

527 

1,069 

1,675 

401 

693 



Kind of business, 

sales-size group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 



OTHER MERCHANT 
WHOLESALERS— Continued 

Clocks, watches, total 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States* total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

Other divisions 

14 metro areas 

$500,000- -$999,999 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

Other divisions 



$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 

Jersey 

Los Angeles, Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Other metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, , total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

South Atlantic 

West South Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas, total 

New York-Northeastern New 
Jersey 

Chicago, 111 

Los Angeles , Calif 

Philadelphia, Pa 

Boston, Mass 

San Francisco-OaJiland, 
Calif 

Other metro, areas 

Precious stones, 
metals, total 

$1,000,000 and Over 

United States 

$500,000— $999,999 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

Other divisions 

14 metro, areas 

$200,000— $499,999 

United States, total.. 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions. 

14 metro, areas 

Under $200,000 

United States, total.. 

New England 

Middle Atlantic 

East North Central 

West North Central 

Pacific 

Other divisions 



Estab- 
Ush- 
menta 



(Hum- 



10 

211 

31 

6 
11 

5 



200 
24 
17 
8 



7 

221 

24 



Oper- 
ating 
cx- 

perises 
{inc. 
pay 

roll) as 
pei- 

(Tliousiind f I 
dollari) 1°' ™"l 



Sales, 
entire 
year 



23,664 

11,304 



35,856 



20.949 



17,145 
3,804 



19,829 
1,754 
2,024 



17,167 

1,312 

946 

1,611 



19,079 



717 
13,634 

2,064 
358 
364 
363 

1,303 
276 

17,255 



12,848 

1,489 

1,086 

496 

419 

217 
700 



192,428 



79,782 



45,924 
5,572 



37,110 



32,858 
1,662 
1,516 
1,074 

36,332 



24,040 



534 

17,758 
2,318 

709 
2,356 

365 



Pay roll, 
entire 
year 



(Tfioujdnd 
dolldTs) 



2,461 
1,004 



2,989 



1,557 
450 



1,636 
74 
188 



1,478 
115 
58 
60 



1,511 



53 

1,105 
183 
35 
18 
12 
90 
15 

1,412 



1,043 
131 
90 
53 
43 



6,410 



2,070 



1,666 
404 



1,475 



1,233 
30 
79 
133 

1,430 



868 
139 

11 



Active 
propri- 
etors,* 
Novem- 
ber 



(Num- 
ber) 



Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 



Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 



9 

190 

25 

5 

16 
9 
30 



179 

21 

21 

9 

3 



213 
23 

9 
33 

5 



467 
221 



415 
17 
40 

421 



355 

27 
26 



20 
365 

56 
22 
12 

8 
37 

3 



343 
38 

37 
18 

14 



1,109 



248 
62 



248 
10 
19 
20 



7 

231 

34 



Pay roll 



(DoIWi) 



65,293 



43,614 
21,679 



55,830 



36,240 



27,589 
8,651 



32,133 
1,498 
3,635 



29,012 

2,180 

976 

1,370 



30,113 



1,154 
21,525 

3,524 

1,007 
462 
310 

1,853 
278 

27,647 



20,405 

2,573 

1,853 

930 

942 



112,236 



26,521 



35,936 



29,159 
6,777 



28,071 



24,254 

541 

1,433 

1,843 

27,455 



21,708 



356 

17,035 

2,555 

225 

1,487 

50 



See footnotes at end of table. 



SALES SIZE AND OPERATING EXPENSES 



2.75 



Table 2B. 



-SALES SIZE- SERVICE WHOLESALERS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS -GEOGRAPHIC DIVISIONS AND SELECTED 
STANDARD METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1948— Continued 









Establishments, Sales, Operating Expense Ratios, Pay Roll, and Personnel 












Kind of Ibusiness. 

sales-sise group, 

geographic division,and 

metropolitan area 


Estab- 

Ush- 

ments 

(dum- 
ber) 


Sales, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
iJolLlrs) 


Oper 
ating 

ex- 
penses 

(inc. 

pay 
roll) as 

per- 

cent 
sf sale! 


Pay roll, 
entire 
year 

(.Thousand 
dollars) 


Active 
propri- 
etors.' 
Novem- 
ber 

(dum- 
ber) 


Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 


Kind of business, 

sales-siK group, 

geographic division. and 

mctropoliun area 


Estab- 
lish- 
ments 

(Hum. 
ber) 


Sales, 
entire 
year 

(Thousand 
dollars) 


Oper 
ating 
ex- 
penses 
(inc. 
pay 
roll) as 
per- 
cent 
of sales 


Pay roll, 
entire 
year 

(THotwflnd 
dollars) 


Active 
propri- 
etors,' 
Novem- 
ber 

(Num- 
ber) 


Paid employees and 

pay roll, workweek 

ended nearest 

Nov. 15 


Em- 
ployees 

(Hum- 
M 


Pay roll 
(Dollars) 


Em- 
ployees 

(Num- 
ber) 


Pay roll 
(Dollars) 


OTHER MERCHANT 
WHOLESALERS~C ont i nued 

Precious stones, 
metals — Continued 

Under $200,000--Contlnued 


277 


22,718 


11.9 


1,031 


263 


287 


21,093 


OTHER MERCHANT 
WH0I£SALER5— Cont inued 

Costume Jewelry— Con. 

$200,000— $499,999— Con. 

14 metro, areas, total. 

New York-Northeastern New 


52 


16,081 


22.2 


1,971 


57 


545 


41,157 


1"4 metro, areas, total 


33 

3 
5 
11 

346 


10,226 

875 

1,575 

3,405 

21,046 


23.7 


1,257 
141 

172 

401 

2,180 


34 
2 
7 

14 

324 


332 
54 
45 

114 

863 




New rork-Nrrtheastem New 
Jersey 


214 

17 
18 
3 
5 

9 
5 

6 

273 


16,902 

1,705 

1,363 

454 

448 

597 
658 
591 

42,849 


21.6 


854 

101 

43 

10 

9 

20 
7 
37 

5,510 


205 

16 

16 

2 

3 

9 
6 
6 

268 


224 
24 

11 
5 
4 

7 
3 

9 

1,927 


16,753 

1,877 

854 

209 
186 

433 

141 
640 

104,115 


24,737 




3,223 




4,071 






9,126 




Under $200,000 
United States, total... 








San Francisco-Oakland, 
Calif 


46,004 






24 
204 
55 
10 
12 
9 
6 
26 

284 


1,177 

12,338 

3,570 

582 

821 

488 

81 

1,489 

17,412 


23.8 


141 
1,376 
340 
36 
92 
48 
8 
139 

1,819 


19 

186 

52 

13 

8 
10 

7 
29 

266 


58 

510 

122 

18 

41 

52 

6 

56 

680 








29,542 


Watch materials. 




6,346 


Jewelers' tools. 




561 


supplies, total 


South Atlantic 


1,967 




7 
4 

37 


15,671 
2,932 

11,584 


18.7 

23.0 

23.7 


1,921 
364 

1,638 


3 

4 

39 


661 

114 

510 


34,515 
7,243 

31,682 




1,211 


$1,000,000 and Over 




187 




Paciric 


3,016 


$500,000--$999,999 


l-i metro, areas, total. 
New York-Northeastern New 


38,580 




179 
31 
14 
16 
11 

9 
3 
5 
6 
4 
6 

1,309 


11,231 

1,685 

565 

942 

667 

584 
276 
243 
552 

402 
265 

164,671 


18.3 


1,250 
174 
27 
67 

80 

55 
33 
5 
44 
59 
25 

14,932 


155 

30 

15 

24 

8 

11 
2 
9 
5 
2 
5 

1,311 


457 
66 
14 
26 
36 

18 
14 
3 
15 
20 
11 

4,260 




$200,000-$499,999 


26,651 


Chicaeo. Til 


3,358 


United S'-ates, total... 




494 


Philadelphia, Pa 


1,748 




16 

7 
4 
4 
6 

24 
225 


4,860 
2,010 
1,487 
1,041 
2,186 

7,022 
12,662 


22.2 
22.8 


586 
336 
249 
189 
278 

870 
1,587 


14 
9 
1 
5 

10 

29 
222 


170 
114 
75 
49 
102 

271 
642 


11,832 
6,579 
4,54S 
3,312 
5,411 

16,776 

30,675 


Middle Atlantic 




1,929 




San Francisco-Oakland, 




West South Central 


1,177 


Pacific 






Other divisions 




104 






771 


1<; metro, areas 




1,226 






529 


Under $200,000 
United States, total... 


Miscellaneous jewelry, 
total 




New England 


19 

114 

27 

15 

11 

8 

7 

5 

19 

161 


1,291 
6,138 
1,666 
867 
756 
377 
334 
367 
866 

9,227 


21.4 


186 
569 
288 
124 
133 
49 
50 
45 
143 

1,060 


U 
115 

23 

19 
9 
8 
6 
9 

22 

160 


77 
234 
106 
55 
56 
25 
18 
21 
50 

414 


3,553 
11,081 
5,259 
2,455 
2,570 

972 
1,050 

993 
2,742 

20,452 


284,036 




$1,000,000 and Over 
United States, total... 


19 


35,685 


20.4 


4,078 




1,051 














78,180 






6 

13 

13 
36 


14,888 
20,797 

27,581 
23,118 


21.2 
19.6 


1,623 
2,455 

3,239 

2,570 


11 


395 
656 

799 
574 


31,389 








46,791 












62,111 


W metro, areas, total 


$500,000— $999,999 
United States, total... 




New York- Nor theas tern New 
Chicago, 111 


83 
9 
6 

15 
3 

14 

8 
4 
5 

3 
6 

435 


4,453 

287 

83 

969 

165 

1,119 

543 
139 
509 
262 
698 

71,203 


20.9 


347 

23 

2 

113 
22 

159 

109 
22 

111 
44 
108 

7,856 


86 

10 
7 

19 
4 

10 

10 
4 
4 
4 

2 

398 


136 
10 
3 
56 
11 
61 

36 

11 
34 
17 
39 

2,402 


6,679 

417 

83 

2,422